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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Impacts of Static Pressure Reset on VAV System Air Leakage, Fan Power and Thermal Energy - Part I: Theoretical Model and Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As for a variable air volume (VAV) system, the air duct static pressure is a typical control variable maintained by modulating supply fan speed. The static pressure equals to the summation of the duct pressure loss downstream of the sensor...

Liu, M.; Feng, J.; Wang, Z.; Wu, L.; Zheng, K.; Pang, W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Field testing of component-level model-based fault detection methods for mixing boxes and VAV fan systems  

SciTech Connect

An automated fault detection and diagnosis tool for HVAC systems is being developed, based on an integrated, life-cycle, approach to commissioning and performance monitoring. The tool uses component-level HVAC equipment models implemented in the SPARK equation-based simulation environment. The models are configured using design information and component manufacturers' data and then fine-tuned to match the actual performance of the equipment by using data measured during functional tests of the sort using in commissioning. This paper presents the results of field tests of mixing box and VAV fan system models in an experimental facility and a commercial office building. The models were found to be capable of representing the performance of correctly operating mixing box and VAV fan systems and detecting several types of incorrect operation.

Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip

2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

3

Integrating VAV zone requirements with supply fan operation. [Variable Air Volume  

SciTech Connect

The use of communicating direct digital controls (DDC) with distributed intelligence offers new opportunities for energy conservation while maintaining occupant comfort in commercial buildings. Integrating control within a single DDC panel improves performance. Integrating control by communications between multiple controllers can further enhance system operation. One example is a DDC static pressure reset strategy for supply fan operation in variable air volume (VAV) supply air distribution systems. This strategy integrates the requirements of the VAV terminal units serving the building zones to minimize fan energy use. This article describes terminal unit operation, supply fan control, concurrent polling, operational data and power savings.

Warren, M.L. (ASI Controls, San Ramon, CA (United States)); Norford, L.K. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Performance of ECM controlled VAV fan powered terminal units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006). The airflow and power consumption performance models had an R2 equal to 0.990 or greater for every terminal unit tested. An air leakage model was employed to account for leakage in the parallel designed VAV terminal units when the internal fan...

Cramlet, Andrew Charles

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Application of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) Technologies in Optimal Static Pressure Reset in Variable Air Volume (VAV) System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of the static pressure reset is always critical in the pursuit of maximum savings of fan power and thermal energy consumption in a VAV system. This paper theoretically investigated three static pressure reset methods, i.e. VAV terminal...

Zheng, K.; Li, H.; Yang, H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Duct Leakage Impacts on VAV System Performance in Large Commercial  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Duct Leakage Impacts on VAV System Performance in Large Commercial Duct Leakage Impacts on VAV System Performance in Large Commercial Buildings Title Duct Leakage Impacts on VAV System Performance in Large Commercial Buildings Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-53605 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Wray, Craig P., and Nance Matson Abstract The purpose of this study is to evaluate the variability of duct leakage impacts on air distribution system performance for typical large commercial buildings in California. Specifically, a hybrid DOE-2/TRNSYS sequential simulation approach was used to model the energy use of a low-pressure terminal-reheat variable-air-volume (VAV) HVAC system with six duct leakage configurations (tight to leaky) in nine prototypical large office buildings (representing three construction eras in three California climates where these types of buildings are common). Combined fan power for the variable-speed-controlled supply and return fans at design conditions was assumed to be 0.8 W/cfm. The VAV system that we simulated had perfectly insulated ducts, and maintained constant static pressure in the ducts upstream of the VAV boxes and a constant supply air temperature at the air-handler. Further evaluations of duct leakage impacts should be carried out in the future after methodologies are developed to deal with duct surface heat transfer effects, to deal with airflows entering VAV boxes from ceiling return plenums (e.g., to model parallel fan-powered VAV boxes), and to deal with static pressure reset and supply air temperature reset strategies.

7

Improved Air Volume Control Logic for VAV Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a VAV (variable air volume) system, the set point of the static pressure (usually measured at 213 downstream of the main supply air duct) is maintained by modulating the fan speed or inlet guide vane position. The set point of the static pressure...

Wei, G.; Claridge, D. E.; Sakuri, Y.; M. Liu

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Impacts of Static Pressure Reset on VAV System Air Leakage, Fan Power and Thermal Energy - Part 2: Case Demonstration for a Typical Climate System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Part 1 of this paper, the theoretical models, integrating the fan airflow, fan head, air leakage factors, are developed to analyze the impacts of the static pressure reset on both pressure dependent and pressure independent terminal boxes...

Liu, M.; Zheng, K.; Wu, L.; Wang, Z.; Johnson, C.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

A new operating strategy for economizer dampers of VAV system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper proposes a new operating strategy for the outdoor, discharge, and recirculation air dampers of the economizer in VAV system, called split-signal damper control strategy. The strategy controls the outdoor air by only one damper while keeping the remaining dampers full open. The discharge or recirculation air damper is modulated to control the amount of outdoor air introduced into the system while keeping the two remaining dampers full open. Since at least two dampers are always kept fully open during the occupied times, the strategy can provide a minimum static pressure drop in economizer dampers and results in minimum energy use in return and supply fans. An additional advantage is that the proposed strategy prevents reverse airflow through the discharge air damper of a VAV system that uses a volume matching control strategy. The proposed strategy along with the existing strategies such as the three-coupled dampers used in most existing system and the two-coupled dampers are evaluated on an existing system using 1-year long measured data set, along with an economizer damper model developed and validated in this paper. The simulation results show that the annual energy savings in supply and return fans of an existing system, compared to the traditional strategy of three-coupled dampers, are 12% and 5%, respectively.

N. Nassif; S. Moujaes

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Duct leakage impacts on VAV system performance in California large commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the variability of duct leakage impacts on air distribution system performance for typical large commercial buildings in California. Specifically, a hybrid DOE-2/TRNSYS sequential simulation approach was used to model the energy use of a low-pressure terminal-reheat variable-air-volume (VAV) HVAC system with six duct leakage configurations (tight to leaky) in nine prototypical large office buildings (representing three construction eras in three California climates where these types of buildings are common). Combined fan power for the variable-speed-controlled supply and return fans at design conditions was assumed to be 0.8 W/cfm. Based on our analyses of the 54 simulation cases, the increase in annual fan energy is estimated to be 40 to 50% for a system with a total leakage of 19% at design conditions compared to a tight system with 5% leakage. Annual cooling plant energy also increases by about 7 to 10%, but reheat energy decreases (about 3 to 10%). In combination, the increase in total annual HVAC site energy is 2 to 14%. The total HVAC site energy use includes supply and return fan electricity consumption, chiller and cooling tower electricity consumption, boiler electricity consumption, and boiler natural gas consumption. Using year 2000 average commercial sector energy prices for California ($0.0986/kWh and $7.71/Million Btu), the energy increases result in 9 to 18% ($7,400 to $9,500) increases in HVAC system annual operating costs. Normalized by duct surface area, the increases in annual operating costs are 0.14 to 0.18 $/ft{sup 2}. Using a suggested one-time duct sealing cost of $0.20 per square foot of duct surface area, these results indicate that sealing leaky ducts in VAV systems has a simple payback period of about 1.3 years. Even with total leakage rates as low as 10%, duct sealing is still cost effective. This suggests that duct sealing should be considered at least for VAV systems with 10% or more total duct leakage. The VAV system that we simulated had perfectly insulated ducts, and maintained constant static pressure in the ducts upstream of the VAV boxes and a constant supply air temperature at the airhandler. Further evaluations of duct leakage impacts should be carried out in the future after methodologies are developed to deal with duct surface heat transfer effects, to deal with airflows entering VAV boxes from ceiling return plenums (e.g., to model parallel fan-powered VAV boxes), and to deal with static pressure reset and supply air temperature reset strategies.

Wray, Craig P.; Matson, Nance E.

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Commissioning and Diagnosis of VAV Air-Conditioning Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) strategy based on system knowledge, qualitative states and object-oriented statistical process control (SPC) models for typical pressure-independent variable air volume (VAV) air...

Qin, J.; Wang, S.; Chan, C.; Xiao, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Supply fan energy use in pressurized underfloor air distribution systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air-water devices like fan coil units and water source heatsuch as VAV boxes and fan coil units. One fairly typical

Webster, Tom P.E.; Bauman, Fred P.E.; Ring, Erik P.E.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Fan Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

to save energy in fan systems. Fan Tools Tools to Assess Your Energy System Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT) Qualified Specialists Qualified Specialists have passed a rigorous...

14

Modeling of ECM Controlled Series Fan-powered VAV Terminal Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semi-empirical models for series fan-powered variable air volume terminal units (FPTUs) were developed based on models of the primary, plenum, fan airflow and the fan power consumption. The experimental setups and test procedures were developed...

Yin, Peng

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

15

Fan System Assessment Tool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT) is a free online software tool that helps industrial users quantify energy use and savings opportunities in industrial fan systems. Use FSAT to understand how well your fan systems are operating, determine the economic benefit of system modifications, and establish which options are most economically viable when multiple opportunities exist for system modification.

16

Fan System Assessment Tool Introduction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation provides an introduction to the Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT). With FSAT, users can calculate the amount of energy used by their fan system; determine system efficiency; and quantify the savings potential of an upgraded system.

17

Determining Critical Pressure and Duct Leakage in VAV Air-Handling Units  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining Critical Pressure and Duct Leakage in VAV Air-Handling Units Determining Critical Pressure and Duct Leakage in VAV Air-Handling Units Speaker(s): Clifford Federspiel Date: December 3, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Nance Matson Fans for moving air in buildings use a significant amount of energy. It is well known that fan energy use in variable-air-volume (VAV) systems can be reduced by resetting the supply duct pressure. The standard way to reset duct pressure is by controlling the most-open terminal damper to a nearly open position. Most systems can't measure terminal damper positions, so pressures are either not reset at all or use ad hoc resetting strategies that are configured sub-optimally. In this seminar I will describe a new method of determining the critical supply duct pressure for VAV systems.

18

Training: Fan Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

in your plant. Fan System Assessment - 1-day workshop Availability: Onsite instructor-led and online Optimizing industrial fan systems can take on many forms, but any fan...

19

Theoretical Study of a Novel Control Method of VAV Air-conditioning System Based on MATLAB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Control Systems for Energy Efficiency and Comfort, Vol. V-2-2 Theoretical Study of a Novel Control Method of VAV Air-conditioning System Based on MATLAB Zhigang Shi Songtao Hu Gang Wang Angui Li Xi?An University...

Shi, Z.; Hu, S.; Wang, G.; Li, A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Comparison of Building Energy Modeling Programs: HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four Pipe Fan Coil; Four Pipe Induction Unit; Heating andTwo Pipe Fan Coil; Two Pipe Induction Unit; Unit Heater;units (AHUs) – four CAV systems, four VAV systems, and one fan coil

Zhou, Xin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Re-Commissioning of a VAV Air-Distribution System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P_setpoint=cte Supply circuit Fresh air circuit Extraction Group Atrium Bs1 south 3100 m?/h Return circuit BLOC B BLOC C VAV box 250 to 450 Pa 32 m fire cut-off valve silencer V& : air flow rate - m?/h Mechanized register regulation valve grille PAF Legend Figure 2... box manufacturer, this minimum pressure is around 250 Pa. The calculation, which is presented by Figure 4, shows that, with such a value, the pressure is acceptable in all rooms connected to this AHU. The same calculation shows that the connection...

Andre, P.; Silva, C. A.; Fonseca, N.; Hannay, J.; Lebrun, J.; Lacote, P.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Optimize the Supply Air Temperature Reset Schedule for a Single-Duct VAV System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimize the Supply Air Temperature Reset Schedule for a Single-Duct VAV System Guanghua Wei Mingsheng Liu, Ph.D., P.E. David E. Claridge, Ph.D., P.E. Senior Research Associate Associate Professor Professor Energy Systems Lab Architectural... will occur once the alrflow reaches the minimum and the heating load increases. To minimize this simultaneous cooling and heating, the supply air temperature is often reset based on either return air temperature or outside air temperature. Liu et al...

Wei, G.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

STATE OF CALIFORNIA FAN POWER CONSUMPTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATE OF CALIFORNIA FAN POWER CONSUMPTION CEC-MECH-4C (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION FAN POWER CONSUMPTION MECH-4C PROJECT NAME: DATE: NOTE: Provide one copy of this worksheet for each Systems or Variable Air Volume (VAV) Systems when using the Prescriptive Approach. See Power Consumption

24

Energy Savings for Occupancy-Based Control (OBC) of Variable-Air-Volume (VAV) Systems  

SciTech Connect

This study evaluates the savings potential of occupancy based control (OBC) for large office buildings with VAV terminal boxes installed.

Zhang, Jian; Lutes, Robert G.; Liu, Guopeng; Brambley, Michael R.

2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

VAV System Optimization through Continuous Commissioning in an Office Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maintaining the room temperatures at normal levels, resulting in significant fan power and reheat energy savings. By doing this in conjunction with proper static pressure control from the air-handling units, the rooms receive adequate cooling airflow... The major control schedules comparison before CC ® and after CC ® , as well as other CC ® activities, are presented in the subsections. 2 Improved schedule: The static pressure set-point resets based on the airflow ratio. The VFD is modulated...

Cho, Y.; Pang, X.; Liu, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Problem of Vain Energy Consumption in a VAV Air Conditioning System Shared By an Inner Zone and Exterior Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in winter and summer. Taking a practical project as example, this paper analyzes the energy consumption of a VAV air conditioning system that is shared by inner zone and exterior zone. The paper also points out the serious problem of useless energy...

Wenji, G.; Ling, C.; Dongdong, L.; Mei, S.; Li, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Fan System Assessment Tool Fact Sheet | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact Sheet Fan System Assessment Tool Fact Sheet Fact sheet describing how industrial plants can improve their fan system performance using AMO's Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT)....

28

The Optimization of Control Parameters for VAV HVAC System Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Menlo Park, CA. [6] L. Ljung 1995, ?System Identification Toolbox ? For Use with MATLAB 3rd ed, The MATH WORKS Inc, Natich, MA. [7] SIMULINK-Dynamic System Simulation for MATLAB-Using Simulink Ver.4, 2000, The MATH WORKS Inc, Natich, MA. ..., Menlo Park, CA. [6] L. Ljung 1995, ?System Identification Toolbox ? For Use with MATLAB 3rd ed, The MATH WORKS Inc, Natich, MA. [7] SIMULINK-Dynamic System Simulation for MATLAB-Using Simulink Ver.4, 2000, The MATH WORKS Inc, Natich, MA. ...

Song, S.; Maehara, K.; Sagara, N.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

A New Approach to Commissioning of the VAV Control System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Hyvarinen, S. Karki. Building optimization and fault diagnosis source book. IEA Annex (1996) 25 [3] H. Yoshida, T. Iwami, H. Yuzawa, M. Suzuki. Typical faults of airconditioning systems and fault detection by ARX model and extended Kalman Filter. ASHRAE...

Han, Z.; Xia, C.; Zhu, Y.; Xu, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Theory and Model Simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impacts of Optimized Cold & Hot Deck Reset Schedules on Dual Duct VAV Systems - Theory and Model Simulation Mingsheng Liu, Ph.D., P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, Texas Abstract Optimal hot and cold deck... rate increased from 30% to 70% of the maximum flow. Introduction Simultaneous heating and cooling can be reduced sigmficantly by optimizing cold and hot deck reset schedules in dual duct constant volume systems [Liu et. a1 1994, 1995, 19961...

Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Fault tolerant control of outdoor air and AHU supply air temperature in VAV air conditioning systems using PCA method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a fault tolerant control method to control the outdoor air ventilation and AHU supply air temperature, which concerned indoor air quality and humidity, respectively to satisfy ASHRAE Standard in VAV systems. The principal component analysis method, joint angle method, and compensatory reconstruction are used to detect, isolate, and reconstruct the fault, respectively for fault tolerant control. They are tested and evaluated in a simulation environment under the condition of temperature and flow sensors with fix bias faults.

Xinqiao Jin; Zhimin Du

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Fan System Assessment - End User Training | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fan System Assessment - End User Training Fan System Assessment - End User Training Fan System Assessment - End User Training December 18, 2013 7:30AM to 4:30PM EST Boise, Idaho Optimizing industrial fan systems can take on many forms, but any fan optimization project must meet the needs of the process. This self-paced workshop highlights the benefits of fan system optimization and examines fan system performance characteristics and practical issues concerning measurement data. The session introduces the FSAT software. This powerful analysis software helps you quantify the potential benefits of configuring fan systems for optimal performance, calculate the amount of energy use by your fan system, and estimate fan system efficiency. Learn how the software works, what data is required for FSAT, and how to interpret assessment

33

Modeling of Electronically Commutated Motor Controlled Fan-powered Terminal Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feet Per Minute ECM Electronically Commutated Motor FPTU Fan Powered Terminal Unit Pdown Downstream Static Pressure PF Power Factor Pup Upstream Static Pressure SCR Silicon Controlled Rectifier THD Total Harmonic Distortion VAV Variable Air... parallel unit pressurizes the FPTU causing some of the primary air to leak out of the unit. Another difference between them is that series terminal units allow the primary air system to operate at a lower static pressure because the terminal unit fan...

Edmondson, Jacob Lee

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

34

Improving Fan System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This sourcebook is designed to provide fan system users with a reference outlining opportunities to improve system performance. It is not intended to be a comprehensive technical text on improving fan systems, but rather a document that makes users aware of potential performance improvements, provides some practical guidelines, and details where the user can find more help.

35

Variable Speed Drive Volumetric Tracking (VSDVT) for Airflow Control in Variable Air Volume (VAV) Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volume Systems.? Proceedings of ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Vol. 5, pp. 219-223. 3. Liu M., Zhu Y., Claridge D.E., and White E., 1997. ?Impact of Static Pressure Set Level on HVAC Energy Consumption and Indoor... Volume Systems.? Proceedings of ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Vol. 5, pp. 219-223. 3. Liu M., Zhu Y., Claridge D.E., and White E., 1997. ?Impact of Static Pressure Set Level on HVAC Energy Consumption and Indoor...

Liu, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

 Underfloor air distribution (UFAD) cost study: analysis of first cost tradeoffs in UFAD systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is served by VAV fan coil units (FCU) with variable speedwith regard to terminal fan coil unit costs. Since the model

Webster, Tom; Benedek, Corinne; Bauman, Fred

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Improve the Energy Efficiency of Fan Systems, Software Tools for Industry, Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet describes how the Industrial Technologies Program Fan System Assessment Tool (FSAT) can help quantify energy consumption and savings opportunities in industrial fan systems.

Not Available

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Automatic Control Technology in the HVAC System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the field of VAV air-conditioning system (Variable Air Volume, VAV) control theory and practical study, the paper analyzed the methods used by the China's VAV control procedures including Static Pressure Control, Variable Pressure Control and Total ...

Ren Tao; Gao Jingmin; Jia Wenwen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Hot Thermal Storage/Selective Energy System Reduces Electric Demand for Space Cooling As Well As Heating in Commercial Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy and off-peak electric resistance heating. Estimated energy and first cost savings, as compared with an all-electric VAV HVAC system, are: 30 to 50% in ductwork size and cost; 30% in fan energy; 25% in air handling equipment; 20 to 40% in utility...

Meckler, G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Energy Efficient Single Stack Exhaust Fan Systems (E3S3F)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper first investigates the fan energy performance of a constant air volume exhaust system. Two single stack energy efficient exhaust fan systems (E3S3F) are presented. The E3S3F-I has the static pressure sensor located at the inlet...

Wang, G.; Liu, M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Implementation of the Laboratory Air Handling Unit Systems (LAHU)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implementation of the Laboratory Air Handling Unit Systems (LAHU) Y. Cui Graduate Student Energy Systems Laboratory University of Nebraska-Lincoln Omaha, NE, USA M. Liu, Ph.D., P.E. Associate Professor Energy Systems Laboratory...-around coils [18, 19], the variable air volume (VAV) fume hoods [8-16] and the usage-based control devices (UBC) [17]. These measures have effectively reduced the cooling energy, preheat energy and fan power consumption, and sometime, improved indoor...

Cui, Y.; Liu, M.; Conger, K.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Development of a Laboratory Verified Single-Duct VAV System Model with Fan Powered Terminal Units Optimized Using Computational Fluid Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

model identified key parameters required to conduct numerical simulations of FPTU and some of the internal components used to manufacture the units. One key internal component was a porous baffle used to enhance mixing when primary air and induced air...

Davis, Michael A.

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

43

 Underfloor air distribution (UFAD) cost study: analysis of first cost tradeoffs in UFAD systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is served by VAV fan coil units (FCU) with variable speedwith regard to terminal fan coil unit costs. Since the modelfan powered boxes with hot water reheat coils. Because it is a constant volume unit,

Webster, Tom; Benedek, Corinne; Bauman, Fred

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Optimized Fan Control In Variable Air Volume HVAC Systems Using Static Pressure Resets: Strategy Selection and Savings Analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The potential of static pressure reset (SPR) control to save fan energy in variable air volume HVAC systems has been well documented. Current research has… (more)

Kimla, John

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

A study on the control method of single duct VAV terminal unit through the determination of proper minimum air flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this study was proposed a control method for the minimum air flow rate of a VAV terminal unit at an office building. The minimum air flow rate of the VAV terminal unit is the key factor affecting the thermal comfort, indoor air quality (IAQ), stratification and energy consumption, depending on the operating mode of the VAV system. Therefore, selecting the proper minimum air flow is very important. In this study, an algorithm was proposed considering the IAQ and stratification. The vertical air temperature was analyzed to find the supply air temperature that did not cause stratification. The integrated control algorithm with an air flow increase model in the VAV terminal unit and outdoor air intake rate increase model in the AHU was developed by comparing the energy consumption. Finally, the existing and proposed control algorithms were compared through a simulation. The proposed method was found to be more effective than the existing control method. The proposed VAV terminal unit control method satisfies all the conditions of indoor thermal comfort, IAQ and stratification issue. As a result of the energy comparison with the existing control method, the method satisfies not only the indoor thermal comfort, IAQ and stratification issue, but also reduces the energy consumption.

Su-Hyun Kang; Hyo-Jun Kim; Young-Hum Cho

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Performance analysis of supply and return fans for HVAC systems under different operating strategies of economizer dampers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

HVAC systems and associated equipment consume a relatively large fraction of total building energy consumption, a significant portion of which is attributed to fan operation. The operation of economizer dampers when installed can cause high energy consumption in fans if they are not functioning in proper and optimal manner. This will mainly be due to the potential high pressure drops through those dampers and associated high total pressures that should be developed by supply and/or return fans. It is then necessary to ensure that a proper strategy to operate optimally the economizer dampers is implemented with minimum fan energy use. The paper examines several operation strategies of the economizer dampers and investigates their effects on the performance of both the supply and return fans in HVAC system. It also discusses a new operating strategy for economizer dampers that can lead to lower fan energy use. The strategies are evaluated by simulations for a typically existing HVAC system. Several factors such as the building locations, system characteristics, resistance in the duct where the dampers are installed, supply air temperature and economizer control, and minimum ventilation requirements are also considered during the evaluations. The results show that the way of the economizer dampers been controlled has a significant effect on fan performance and its energy use. The proposed strategy if properly implemented can provide fan energy saving in the range of 5–30%, depending mainly on the number of hours when the system operates in the free cooling mode, damper characteristics, and minimum outdoor air.

Nabil Nassif

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Continuous Commissioning® of a Single Fan Dual Duct System in an Office Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuous Commissioning ® of a Single Fan Dual Duct System in an Office Building D. Dong M. Liu, Ph.D., P.E Jinrong Wang, P.E Energy Systems Laboratory Energy Systems Laboratory... of AHU control sequences can significantly improve building comfort and reduce HVAC energy cost. REFERENCES 1. Liu, M., Y. Zhu, and D. E. Claridge, “Use of EMCS Recorded Data to Identify Potential Savings Due to Improved HVAC Operations...

Dong, D.; Liu, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Optimized Fan Control In Variable Air Volume HVAC Systems Using Static Pressure Resets: Strategy Selection and Savings Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential of static pressure reset (SPR) control to save fan energy in variable air volume HVAC systems has been well documented. Current research has focused on the creation of reset strategies depending on specific system features...

Kimla, John

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

49

A Novel Procedure to Determine Optimal Air Static Pressure Set-points and Reset Schedules in VAV Air Handling Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air static pressure set-point or schedule for VAV AHLJ systems is one of the most crucial operational parameters for satisfy lug the building load, maintaining the room comfort level and saving energy costs. This paper presents a novel procedure...

Zhu, Y.; Liu, M.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Powell, T.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Performance Optimization of a Fan System- Overcoming Impacts of Modified Design Criteria Due to Regulatory Requirements and Changed Operating Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that was applied to address fan inefficiency. Energy savings from optimizing the system are estimated to be 338 kW, nearly half of the original measured input power of 678 kW. The project is currently being implemented and will have a payback period of less than 8...

Wroblewski, R. G.; Preis, F.; Smith, R.

51

A COMPUTATIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF A DUCTED FAN USED IN VTOL UAV SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditions. Fan rotor field including secondary flows, tip vortices, blade boundary layers and the wake sys wind tunnel test data. Total pressure measurements and computational predictions of mean flow field shows a significant level of 3D hub separation affecting the overall performance of the ducted fan

Camci, Cengiz

52

Fan Dai  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fan Dai Fan Dai China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2117S (510) 486-4000 FDai@lbl.gov Fan Dai is a Ph.D. Candidate in Environmental Policy at the College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, and a LL.M. Candidate at Berkeley School of Law, University of California. Fan's research during her stay in LBNL's China Energy Group focuses on Energy Efficiency Governance, U.S.-China Clean Energy Partnership, the Carbon Cap-and-Trade Program in California and what China can learn from California's program. Prior to LBNL, she interned at the China National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation (NCSC), China Youth Action Climate Network (CYCAN), and China State Forestry

53

Toward Green Systems for Cleanrooms: Energy Efficient Fan-filter Units Ming-Shan Jeng, Industrial Technology Research Institute, msjeng@itri.org.tw  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Toward Green Systems for Cleanrooms: Energy Efficient Fan-filter Units Ming-Shan Jeng, Industrial results of laboratory-measured performance of fan-filter units (FFUs) used for cleanrooms. A total for many cleanroom applications. ) 2004 Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International Keywords

54

Fault Detection and Diagnosis Method for VAV Terminal Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Air density [kg/m3] NOMENCLATURE REFERENCES 1) IEA Annex 25, Building Optimization and Fault Diagnosis Source Book, Eds. J. Hyvarinen and S. Karki, Technical Research Center of Finland, 1996 2) Harunori Yoshida: Typical Faults of Air Conditioning..., IEA Annex 34 ?Detection and Diagnosis Methods in Real Building?, Eds. A. Dexter and J. Pakanen, Section C.2, pp.143-148, 2001 6) Harunori Yoshida, Sanjay Kumar, Yasunori Morita: Online Fault Detection and Diagnosis in VAV Air Handling Unit by RARX...

Miyata, M.; Yoshida, H.; Asada, M.; Wang, F.; Hashiguchi, S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Shanghai Fan Qie Trading Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shanghai Fan Qie Trading Ltd Place: Shanghai Municipality, China Sector: Solar Product: Solar panel wholesaler and system integrator. References: Shanghai Fan Qie Trading Ltd1...

56

THE WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection WORLD'S Biggest Fan Collection If you only know the Big Ass Fan Company as the preeminent designer and manufacturer of high volume, low speed fans for factories and cows, it's time you get to know us better. While we continue to lead the way in industrial and agricultural air movement, we've also refined these designs to bring the same innovation and benefits of our famous fans to circulate an ocean of air in sound-sensitive commercial spaces and homes. And when our customers said they wanted something for smaller spaces, we listened - and we think you'll like the results. We've got you covered - ceiling to floor, wall to door! Features ï‚ž New patented airfoil system uses 10 Powerfoil airfoils, winglets and patent-pending AirFence(tm) technology to increase

57

System dynamics based models for selecting HVAC systems for office buildings: a life cycle assessment from carbon emissions perspective.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study aims to explore the life cycle environmental impacts of typical heating ventilation and air condition (HVAC) systems including variable air volume (VAV) system,… (more)

Chen, S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Fan deltas and braid deltas: conceptual problems  

SciTech Connect

The concept of fan deltas has been widely misinterpreted in the geologic literature. A true fan delta is defined as an alluvial fan deposited into a standing body of water. Such sequences are of limited areal extent and are, as expected, uncommon in the rock record. By contrast, braid deltas (herein defined), formed by progradation of a braided fluvial system into a standing body of water, are a common geomorphic feature in many modern settings, and their deposits are common in the geologic record. Braid-delta sequences are often identified as fan deltas, on the false premise that coarse-grained deposits in a deltaic setting are always part of an alluvial fan complex. The authors find that most published examples of so called fan deltas contain no direct evidence for the presence of an alluvial fan. Even in examples where an alluvial fan could be documented, the authors found that, in many cases, the alluvial fan complex was far removed from the shoreline, separated by an extensive braid plain. The authors suggest that such systems are better classified as braid deltas. They consider that it is essential to distinguish the environmental setting of true fan deltas from that of braid deltas. Misclassification will lead to incorrect interpretations of expected facies, sandstone geometry, reservoir quality, and tectonic settings. Criteria based on geometry, vertical and lateral lithofacies associations, and paleocurrent patterns should be used to correctly identify and distinguish these depositional systems.

McPherson, J.G.; Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Submarine fan lobes  

SciTech Connect

Submarine fan lobes constitute major hydrocarbon reservoirs throughout the world. Therefore, a clear understanding of their geometry and facies relationships is critical for exploring and exploiting these sandstone bodies effectively. However, a multitude of submarine fan lobe terminologies (e.g., depositional lobe, suprafan lobe, fan lobe, erosional lobe, channelized lobe, ponded lobe, leveed-valley lobe, type I lobe, and type II lobe) advocating widely different meanings, has flourished in the sedimentologic literature. A critical evaluation of this problem has resulted in the following suggestions: (1) lobes are considered to be turbidite sand bodies that develop at the mouths of channels in deep-sea fan environments; (2) the term depositional lobe should be restricted to lower-fan deposits of fans that exhibit facies C and thickening-upward cycles; (3) the term suprafan lobe refers to middle-fan deposits of certain small, sand-rich, modern fans that exhibit a convex-upward depositional bulge in seismic reflection profiles; (4) the terms fan lobe, erosional lobe, channelized lobe, ponded lobe, and leveed-valley lobe do not represent true channel-mouth deposits and therefore are potentially confusing; (5) lower-fan sheet sands of large modern fans may not be equivalent to depositional lobes of ancient fans; and (6) popular fan models with lobes are not always applicable because they disregard large modern fans without lobes (e.g., Mississippi fan).

Shanmugam, G.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ECM motor, plug fan, variable frequency drive i ii TABLE OFcontrol system and variable frequency drives can be added toby adding variable frequency drives (VFDs) to fans with

Coles, Henry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Toward green systems for cleanrooms: Energy efficient fan-filter units  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents results of laboratory-measured performance of fan-filter units (FFUs) used for cleanrooms. A total of twenty FFUs collected from the market were tested, including thirteen 1220 mm x 610 mm (or 4 ft x 2 ft) units and seven 1220 mm x 1220 mm (or 4 ft x 4 ft) units. The paper concludes that there are wide variations in FFUs energy performance, and that there are opportunities in improving energy efficiency and lowering operating costs of FFUs. Furthermore, the paper suggests the benefits of having a uniform method for testing and reporting FFU performance. Such a testing method and recommended practice guideline is under development, with heavy input from FFU suppliers, users, and independent institutions that include Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI), and Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology (IEST). An integrated approach with the participation from designers, suppliers, users, and utility companies can help to identify energy-efficient FFUs that are required for many cleanroom applications.

Jeng, Ming-Shan; Xu, Tengfang; Lan, Chao-Ho

2004-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

62

Evaluation of the cooling fan efficiency index.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Figure 3. Fan power versus cooling fan the computer fanparameters (cooling effect, fan power and CFE) involved inthat the typical power consumption of cooling fans is lower

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

HVAC systems in the current stock of U. S. K-12 schools. Final report, May 91-Mar 92  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes information on heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems commonly found in U.S. school buildings and the effect that operating these systems has on indoor radon levels. The report describes the ability of various HVAC systems to pressurize and ventilate classroom spaces, how they operate, and how they are controlled. Some information is given to compare systems from the standpoint of energy use, cost, and their ability to maintain stable levels of static pressure in classrooms and/or to adequately ventilate the spaces. There do not appear to be any well defined trends in types of HVAC systems involved in current school building construction and modification. Systems looked at include those using reheat and/or mixing, unit ventilators (UVs), and two-fan, dual-duct variable air volume (VAV) systems.

Parker, J.D.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS ON THE DESIGN OF A DUCTED COUNTER-ROTATING AXIAL FLOW FANS SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[] Number of blades FR [] Front rotor R [mm] Blade radius RR [] Rear rotor CRS [] Counter-rotating system W to a conventional rotor or to a rotor-stator stage. The study of the variation of the rotation rates ratio show of the axial distance be- tween rotors does not seem to change the overall per- formances. This system has thus

Boyer, Edmond

65

Fan Energy Savings Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Axial fans are used for thousands of industrial applications consuming millions of kilowatts daily. The decision that saves dollars is to either automatically change fan speed or change blade pitch to save up to 50 percent of consumed power over a...

Monroe, R. C.

66

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Title Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Unknown LBNL Report Number LBNL-6007E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Coles, Henry C., Steve E. Greenberg, and Corrine Vita Document Number LBNL-6007E Date Published 12/2012 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley, CA Keywords air distribution, building technology and urban systems department, computer room air handler, crah control, data center, data center crah, ec fan, ecm, ecm fan, fan speed control, high tech and industrial systems group, plug fan, variable frequency drive, vfd, wireless control Abstract

67

Ceiling Fan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TODO: Add description List of Ceiling Fan Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCeilingFan&oldid267151" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

68

Introduction of a Cooling Fan Efficiency Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooling Effect, Fan Power, and Cooling-Fan Efficiency Index?t eq ) °C °F Fan Power, W (P f ) Cooling-Fan Efficiency (The measured cooling effect and fan power and the determined

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Peng Xu and Philip Haves Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the cooling coil subsystem of an air handling unit. McIntosh et al. (2000) developed a mechanical model Testing of Component-Level Model-Based Fault Detection Methods for Mixing Boxes and VAV Fan Systems-Level Model-Based Fault Detection Methods for Mixing Boxes and VAV Fan Systems Peng Xu and Philip Haves

70

Field demonstration of optimized variable speed compressor and condenser fan control for commercial refrigeration systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The demonstration project discussed in this report consisted of two separate programs intended to examine methods of implementing variable-frequency drives (VFDs) to increase the efficiency of supermarket refrigeration racks. The first program examined the optimum control strategy for minimizing the power consumption of medium-temperature parallel compressor racks driven by VFDs. The second program, aimed at developing the optimum control strategy for variable-speed control of supermarket condenser fans.

NONE

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Delgada Fan, Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Delgada Fan, an irregularly shaped turbidite deposit extending more than 350 km offshore from northern California, consists of two large leveed-valley units each fed by a separate complex of coalescing sub...

William R. Normark; Christina E. Gutmacher

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Optimal supply air temperature with respect to energy use in a variable air volume system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a variable air volume (VAV) system with 100% outdoor air, the cooling need in the building is satisfied with a certain air flow at a certain supply air temperature. To minimize the system energy use, an optimal supply air temperature can be set dependent on the load, specific fan power (SFP), chiller coefficient of performance, outdoor temperature and the outdoor relative humidity. The theory for an optimal supply air temperature is presented and the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) energy use is calculated depending on supply air temperature control strategy, average U-value of the building envelope and two outdoor climates. The analyses show that controlling the supply air temperature optimally results in a significantly lower HVAC energy use than with a constant supply air temperature. The optimal average U-value of the building envelope is in practise mostly zero.

Fredrik Engdahl; Dennis Johansson

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Morphology and seismic stratigraphy of the Toyama deep sea fan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. C. Hilde The Toyama Deep Sea Fan, a contemporary depositional feature located in the Japan Sea, is a canyon-fed elongate fan system with pronounced lobes in both the Yamato and Japan Basins. The Toyama Fan is the eighth largest modern fan system... with a surface area greater than 108, 000 square kilometers. Deposits of this Quaternary turbidite system range in thickness from less than 150 m to more than 750 m. The meandering Toyama Deep Sea Channel extends northward from the central coast...

Shepherd, David Barton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

74

Noise from Centrifugal Fans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sound power radiated from the discharge of centrifugal fans of diameters between 3 and 6 1 2 ? inches has been measured as a function of fan dimensions and operating conditions. The measurements were made by arranging the fan under test to discharge into an 11 foot nonreflecting tube in which the static pressure could be controlled. Air was exhausted from the tube through a side port of high acoustic impedance located part way down the tube. The detectingmicrophone which is located in the tube between the exit port and the acoustic termination is out of the air stream and therefore not subject to wind noise. The total discharge noise power P in watts in the range 75 to 10 000 cps was found empirically to be given by P?=?0.90?×?10 ?4 (D/W)?H 3 ?+?5.2?×?10 ?10 (Q 5 /W 4 D 8 ) where D and W are the fan diameter and width respectively in inches H is the static pressure in inches of water and Q is the air flow in cubic feet per minute. The angular frequency of the fan wheel does not appear explicitly since this quantity is uniquely specified by H Q D and W. Spectral analysis indicates that the power is concentrated primarily at low frequencies. Application of the results of this study to design problems will be discussed.

R. B. Goldman; G. C. Maling

1955-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Record of Communication Concerning Ceiling Fan and Ceiling Fan...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

of communications made to DOE staff on the subject of possible changes to standards and test procedures for ceiling fans and ceiling fan light kits. Memo on August 20 ALA DOE...

76

Fans for Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fans for Cooling Fans for Cooling Fans for Cooling May 30, 2012 - 7:46pm Addthis Ceiling fans circulate air in a room to help keep occupants cool. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/jimkruger Ceiling fans circulate air in a room to help keep occupants cool. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto/jimkruger What does this mean for me? You may be able to keep your home cool with energy-efficient and well-placed fans. Fans are less expensive to operate than air conditioners. Circulating fans include ceiling fans, table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or walls. These fans create a wind chill effect that will make you more comfortable in your home, even if it's also cooled by natural ventilation or air conditioning. Ceiling Fans Ceiling fans are considered the most effective of these types of fans,

77

VAV Reheat Versus Active Chilled Beams and DOAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Pollutant Source Control) – This credit is generally achievable with a VAVR system since it requires that all supply air

Stein, Jeff; Taylor, Steven

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Comparison of modern Mississippi fan with selected ancient fans  

SciTech Connect

A comparison of the modern passive-margin Mississippi fan (DSDP Leg 96) with selected ancient active-margin fans reveals major differences in turbidite facies associations and seismic characteristics of the lower fan area. The lower Mississippi fan is composed of channel (facies B and F) and nonchannel sequences (facies C. and D), whereas lower fan areas of ancient active-margin fans are characterized by nonchannelized, thickening-upward depositional lobes (facies C and D) with sheetlike geometry. An absence of depositional lobes in the lower Mississippi fan is also suggested by a lack of mounded seismic reflections. Continuous and parallel seismic reflections of the lower Mississippi fan may represent sheet sands, but not those of true depositional lobes. In mature passive-margin fans, long, sinuous channels develop as a consequence of low gradients and the transport of sediment with a relatively low sand/mud ratio, and these channels develop lenticular sand bodies. In contrast, channels in active-margin fans are short and commonly braided as a result of high gradients and the transport of sediment with a relatively high sand/mud ratio. Braided channels characteristically develop sheetlike sand bodies.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J.; McPherson, J.G.; O'Connell, S.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Air-Side Energy Use Calculations for Four HVAC Systems: Dual Duct Constant Volume (DDCAV), Dual Duct Variable Volume (DDVAV), Constant Volume with Reheat (CAVRH), Variable Volume with Reheat (VAVRH), Four Pipe Fan Coil Unit (FC), Four Pipe Induction Unit (FI), and Single Zone (SZ) Systems, Revised June 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(CAVRH), and variable volume with reheat (VAVRH), four pipe fan coil unit (FC), four pipe induction unit (FI), and a single zone air conditioning system (SZ). These calculations are presented in spreadsheets that include a running commentary so...

Haberl, J. S.; Bou-Saada, T. E.; Saman, N. F.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

INTRODUCTION The Congo Fan is the distal component of the sec-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION The Congo Fan is the distal component of the sec- ond largest delta system the Congo River and its associated tributaries (see Goudie, 2005). The Congo Fan is a terrigenous wedge foraminiferal microfauna from the 107 Oligocene Deep-Water Agglutinated Foraminifera from the Congo Fan

Kaminski, Michael A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Submarine-fan sedimentation, Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas and Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

More than 10,000 m (32,808 ft) of interbedded sandstones and shales comprise the Upper Mississippian and Lower Pennsylvanian flysch succession (Stanley, Jackfork, Johns Valley, Atoka) in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma. Deposited primarily by turbidity current and hemipelagic processes in bathyal and abyssal water depths, these strata formed major submarine-fan complexes that prograded in a westward direction along the axis of an elongate remnant ocean basin that was associated with the collision and suturing of the North American and African-South American plates. A longitudinal fan system is visualized as the depositional framework for these strata, which were deposited in a setting analogous to the modern Bengal fan of the Indian Ocean. Facies analysis of the Jackfork formation indicates that inner fan deposits are present in the vicinity of Little Rock, Arkansas; middle fan channel and interchannel deposits occur at DeGray Dam and Friendship, Arkansas; and outer fan depositional-lobe deposits are present in southeastern Oklahoma. Boulder-bearing units (olistostromes), many with exotic clasts, were shed laterally into the Ouachita basin. They occur throughout the flysch succession and in all fan environments (i.e., inner, middle, and outer). This relationship may serve as a useful criterion for recognizing analogous longitudinal fan systems in the rock record.

Moiola, R.J.; Shanmugam, G.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Best Practice for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Fan-FilterUnits  

SciTech Connect

The HVAC systems in cleanrooms may use 50 percent or more of the total cleanroom energy use. Fan energy use accounts for a significant portion (e.g., over 50%) of the HVAC energy use in cleanrooms such as ISO Classes 3, 4, or 5. Three types of air-handling systems for recirculating airflows are commonly used in cleanrooms: (1) fan-tower systems with pressurized plenum, (2) ducted HEPA systems with distributed-fans, and (3) systems with fan-filter units. Because energy efficiency of the recirculation systems could vary significantly from system type to system type, optimizing aerodynamic performance in air recirculation systems appears to be a useful approach to improve energy efficiency in cleanrooms. Providing optimal airflows through careful planning, design and operation, including air change rate, airflow uniformity, and airflow speed, is important for controlling particle contamination in cleanrooms. In practice, the use of fan-filter units (FFUs) in the air-handling system is becoming more and more popular because of this type of system may offer a number of advantages. Often modular and portable than traditional recirculation airflow systems, FFUs are easier to install, and can be easily controlled and monitored to maintain filtration performance. Energy efficiency of air handling systems using fan-filter units can, however, be lower than their counterparts and may vary significantly from system to system because of the difference in energy performance, airflow paths, and the operating conditions of FFUs.

Xu, Tengfang

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Neuro-optimal operation of a variable air volume HVAC&R system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low operational efficiency especially under partial load conditions and poor control are some reasons for high energy consumption of heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) systems. To improve energy efficiency, HVAC&R systems should be efficiently operated to maintain a desired indoor environment under dynamic ambient and indoor conditions. This study proposes a neural network based optimal supervisory operation strategy to find the optimal set points for chilled water supply temperature, discharge air temperature and VAV system fan static pressure such that the indoor environment is maintained with the least chiller and fan energy consumption. To achieve this objective, a dynamic system model is developed first to simulate the system behavior under different control schemes and operating conditions. A multi-layer feed forward neural network is constructed and trained in unsupervised mode to minimize the cost function which is comprised of overall energy cost and penalty cost when one or more constraints are violated. After training, the network is implemented as a supervisory controller to compute the optimal settings for the system. Simulation results show that compared to the conventional night reset operation scheme, the optimal operation scheme saves around 10% energy under full load condition and 19% energy under partial load conditions.

Min Ning; M. Zaheeruddin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Introduction of a Cooling Fan Efficiency Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F Fan Power, W (P f ) Cooling-Fan Efficiency (CFE) °C/W °F/WSun et al. 2007). Thus, the CFE is defined by Equation 1.?t eq CFE = Cooling effect = ( – 1 ) --------- P f Fan power

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Evaluation of the cooling fan efficiency index.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

named Cooling Fan Efficiency (CFE) that is the ratio betweenthe Cooling Fan Efficiency (CFE) is defined by Equation 1. ?t CFE ? ( ? 1 ) eq P f where P f is fan power, i.e the input

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Furnace Fans to Reduce Carbon...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

by at least 3 billion metric tons in total by 2030, equal to more than a year's carbon pollution from the entire U.S. electricity system. Furnace fans are used to circulate air...

87

Save Energy with Axial Fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

= Trdh = CFM AAPP. A APPROACH V A~PROACH VAPP. < .5VFAN APPROACH VELOCITY FIG .? A 14 ft. fan, whose design flow as ,J,OOO CFr?1 in a ring 5 feet from grade would have an Area Approach of 220 ft 2 and a'V approach of 1137 FPM. The velocity... through the fan itself would be rOlfjhly: 250,000 or 1624 FPM .785 (14)2 As a rule of thumb, the approach velocity should not exceed 50% of the velocity through the fan. The high approach would cause additional velocity pres sure losses that were...

Monroe, R. C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

CBE UFAD cost analysis tool: Life cycle cost model, issues and assumptions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

diffusers, underfloor fan coil units (FCU), etc. that arepurposes: VAV boxes and Fan Coil Units (FCU). Furthermore,

Webster, Tom; Benedek, Corinne; Bauman, Fred

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Case Study: The Effective Use of an Extensive Logical rule Based Data Analytics Approach in Establishing Root Cause of Performance Issues in Widespread Deployments of Unitary Space Air Conditioning Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today a significant percentage of office spaces are air conditioned using widely deployed unitary systems, either Fan Coil Units (FCU) or Variable Air Volume (VAV) boxes, to achieve high degrees of air conditioned zonal control. However establishing...

Brady, N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Development of In-Situ Fan Curve Measurement with One Airflow Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of In-situ Fan Curve Measurement with One Airflow Measurement Guopeng Liu, Ik-Seong Joo, Li Song, Mingsheng Liu, Ph.D., P.E. Energy Systems Laboratory University of Nebraska ABSTRACT Fan airflow is the key parameter for air... is another issue for this method. Therefore, it is very important to find an effective way to measure the airflow accurately. An airflow control named VSD volumetric tracking (VSDVT) has been developed by Liu [13] recently. This method uses fan...

Liu, G.; Joo, I. S.; Song, L.; Liu, M.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - air treatment system Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Last Updated: 41702 Summary: , including refrigeration, air conditioning, heating systems, ventilating fans, roof ventilators, exhaust fans... , water treatment equipment,...

92

E-Print Network 3.0 - air handling systems Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Last Updated: 41702 Summary: , including refrigeration, air conditioning, heating systems, ventilating fans, roof ventilators, exhaust fans... , water treatment equipment,...

93

Dating Fan Deposits with Cosmogenic Nuclides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Boulders are preferable to smaller clasts in that ... time since deposition on the fan. Large boulders are produced through rapid large-scale mass ... to the fan in debris flows or other flood events. Although in...

Susan Ivy-Ochs; Miriam Dühnforth…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Xudong Fan Curriculum Vitae Curriculum Vitae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Xudong Fan Curriculum Vitae 1 Curriculum Vitae (Last updated: October 28, 2009) Xudong (Sherman Research Assistant and Teaching Assistant, #12;Xudong Fan Curriculum Vitae 2 Physics Department and Oregon in Opto-fluidic Ring Resonators for #12;Xudong Fan Curriculum Vitae 3 Ultrasensitive Biomolecule Detection

Fan, Xudong "Sherman"

95

Boost Converter Provides Temperature-Controlled Operation of 12V Fan from +5V Supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boost Converter Provides Temperature-Controlled Operation of 12V Fan from +5V Supply John Mc rated (12V supply) speed. Fan speed is controlled by sensing the ambient temperature in the system that the temperature control characteristic is unaffected by supply variations. The negative feedback loop

McNeill, John A.

96

Performance and Stability Analysis of a Shrouded-Fan UAV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper deals with the estimation of the performance and stability for a shrouded-fan unmanned rotorcraft whose mission profile also prescribes the flight in ground effect. The not so simple estimation of the aerodynamic coefficients and of the thrust in the various situations makes the performance calculation and the stability analysis difficult tasks. This is due to the strong interaction between the fan flow and shroud that causes quite different flow structures about the airframe depending on flight conditions. A further difficulty is related to the ground effect which produces substantial modifications in the rotor thrust and aerodynamic coefficients. To evaluate performance and stability, two models have been developed. One determines the aerodynamic coefficients of the shroud, whereas the other one calculates thrust and moment of the rotors system. Both models take into account the mutual interference between fan flow and fuselage and ground effect. Performance and stability are then discussed with ...

de Divitiis, Nicola

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance Title Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-4183E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Singer, Brett C., William W. Delp, and Michael G. Apte Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords airflow & pollutant transport group, cooktop, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, gas burners, indoor air quality, indoor environment department, kitchen, nitrogen dioxide, oven, pollutant emissions, range hood, residential, source control, task ventilation, technology, sustainability and impact assessment group Abstract The installed performance of cooking exhaust fans was evaluated through residential field experiments conducted on a sample of 15 devices varying in design and other characteristics. The sample included two rear downdraft systems, two under-cabinet microwave over range (MOR) units, three different installations of an under-cabinet model with grease screens across the bottom and no capture hood, two devices with grease screens covering the bottom of a large capture hood (one under-cabinet, one wall-mount chimney), four under-cabinet open hoods, and two open hoods with chimney mounts over islands. Performance assessment included measurement of airflow and sound levels across fan settings and experiments to quantify the contemporaneous capture efficiency for the exhaust generated by natural gas cooking burners. Capture efficiency is defined as the fraction of generated pollutants that are removed through the exhaust and thus not available for inhalation of household occupants. Capture efficiency (CE) was assessed for various configurations of burner use (e.g. single front, single back, combination of one front and one back, oven) and fan speed setting. Measured airflow rates were substantially lower than the levels noted in product literature for many of the units. This shortfall was observed for several units costing in excess of $1000. Capture efficiency varied widely (from <5% to roughly 100%) across devices and across conditions for some devices. As expected, higher capture efficiencies were achieved with higher fan settings and the associated higher air flow rates. In most cases, capture efficiencies were substantially higher for rear burners than for front burners. The best and most consistent performance was observed for open hoods that covered all cooktop burners and operated at higher airflow rates. The lowest capture efficiencies were measured when a front burner was used with a rear backdraft system or with lowest fan setting for above the range systems that do not cover the front burners.

98

Improving the efficiency of centrifugal fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was made of the design ch;. r- acteristics of this type of fan. In this study, several modifications to existing fans were evaluated. One modification wa concerned with the substitution of airfoil shaped blades f' or the original ones. Another medi... IV DISCUSSION OF RESULTS 0 ~ 1 Evaluation of Unmodified Fan Design 0. 2 11odification of the Cutoff Piece 4. 3 Re-evaluation of the Partial Admission Plate 4 . 4 Inlet Modification 4 . 5 Blade Shape Modifications 4. 6 Final Combined...

Wolfe, Clifford Kent

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Healthcare Energy: Spotlight on Fans and Pumps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Building Technologies Office conducted a healthcare energy end-use monitoring project for two sites. Read details about the fan and pump energy results.

100

A Smart Logic for Conference Room Terminal Box of Single Duct VAV System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time, the minimum outside intake ratio for AHU side should be as low as possible to save energy. This study presents a smart logic to solve the confliction while improving thermal environment and saving energy consumption. The new control sequence...

Yu, Y.; Xu, K.; Cho, Y.; Liu, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Analysis of the Potential Energy Savings for 14 Office Buildings with VAV Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In this study, an improved methodology for potential energy savings estimation from EBCx/retrofit measures, based on Baltazar's methodology (2006), is proposed to perform this type of screening. The improvements are included on optimization parameters, space...

Claridge, D. E.; Liu, J.; Baltazar, J. C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Integrated Demand Controlled Ventilation for Single Duct VAV System with Conference Rooms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This paper presents a new integrated demand controlled ventilation (IDCV) methodology which can ensure acceptable IAQ and energy savings with lower OA intake ratio. The requirement on hardware and software is simple and the implementation is easy. One office...

Yu, Y.; Liu, M.; Cho, Y.; Xu, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

A Functional Test Procedure for the improved commissioning of a VAV system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of the IEA40 research project, a specification of a “Functional Test Procedure” was progressively developed using the CA-MET building in Namur as real size test bench for the application and validation of the procedure. The target...

Andre, P.; Lacote, P.; Aparecida Silva, C.; Hannay, J.; Lebrun, J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Design and Operation of Fan-Coil Units in Using River Water as Chilled Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the case research for China's first central air conditioning system utilizing natural cool river water as chilled water, this paper analyzes the technical design-and-innovation process and operating characteristics of Fan-Coil Units (FCUs...

Jiang, A.; Chen, H.; Ma, W.; Zhu, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Development of a High Efficiency Ceiling Fan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The potential of ceiling fans to improve comfort during the cooling season is well documented (Rohles et al.. 1983; Fairey et al.. 1986). There are at least two cases: In the first where air conditioning is unavailable, adding ceiling fans may...

Parker, D. S.; Callahan, M. P.; Sonne, J. K.; Su, G. H.; Hibbs, B. D.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Fan-fold shielded electrical leads  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are fan-folded electrical leads made from copper cladded Kapton, for example, with the copper cladding on one side serving as a ground plane and the copper cladding on the other side being etched to form the leads. The Kapton is fan folded with the leads located at the bottom of the fan-folds. Electrical connections are made by partially opening the folds of the fan and soldering, for example, the connections directly to the ground plane and/or the lead. The fan folded arrangement produces a number of advantages, such as electrically shielding the leads from the environment, is totally non-magnetic, and has a very low thermal conductivity, while being easy to fabricate. 3 figs.

Rohatgi, R.R.; Cowan, T.E.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

107

Fan-shape optimisation using CFD and genetic algorithms for increasing the efficiency of electric motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric motor efficiency represents the effectiveness with which the motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. As the energy losses are converted into heat, which is dissipated by the motor frame aided by internal and external fans, a better cooling system adds up to better efficiency. In recent years, improvements in motor efficiency have been achieved but at higher costs. By using Genetic Algorithms (GAs), changes are introduced to the fan shape looking for a better aerodynamic performance. The evaluation of the achieved fan efficiency with the modified shapes is performed with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation software.

Noel Leon-Rovira; Eduardo Uresti; Waldo Arcos

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Occupant Response to Window Control Signaling Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air Conditioning   Fan coil units, variable refrigerant active cooling via fan coil units and radiant panels, system to perimeter fan coil units, and “open”  mode for 

Ackerly, Katherine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Simulation of energy performance of underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system represents a fan coil unit (FCU) system, consistingEnergy use intensity EUI Fan coil unit F CU HVAC electricityarea Fan powered terminal unit (with heating coil) used for

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Cooling with a Whole House Fan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooling with a Whole House Fan Cooling with a Whole House Fan Cooling with a Whole House Fan May 30, 2012 - 6:54pm Addthis Whole house fan installed as part of a home retrofit project in California. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL. Whole house fan installed as part of a home retrofit project in California. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL. What does this mean for me? A whole-house fan may be sufficient to cool your house, at least for part of the year. In many climates, a whole-house fan can save you money and maintain comfort during the cooling season. How does it work? A whole-house fan works by pulling air in through windows and exhausting it through the attic and roof. Whole house cooling using a whole house fan can substitute for an air conditioner most of the year in most climates. Whole house fans combined

111

Synchronous and Cogged Fan Belt Performance Assessment  

SciTech Connect

The GSA Regional GPG Team commissioned the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to perform monitoring of cogged V-belts and synchronous belts on both a constant volume and a variable air volume fan at the Byron G. Rodgers Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Denver, Colorado. These motor/fan combinations were tested with their original, standard V-belts (appropriately tensioned by an operation and maintenance professional) to obtain a baseline for standard operation. They were then switched to the cogged V-belts, and finally to synchronous belts. The power consumption by the motor was normalized for both fan speed and air density changes. This was necessary to ensure that the power readings were not influenced by a change in rotational fan speed or by the power required to push denser air. Finally, energy savings and operation and maintenance savings were compiled into an economic life-cycle cost analysis of the different belt options.

Cutler, D.; Dean, J.; Acosta, J.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Performance Assessment of Photovoltaic Attic Ventilator Fans  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A case study of photovoltaic attic ventilator fans was conducted on an occupied single family home in Central Florida. Two fans were installed at mid-summer in an instrumented home where attic air temperature, meteorological conditions and space cooling electric power were measured. The home already had an attic radiant barrier, but still experienced attic air temperatures in excess of 130oF.

113

CBE EnergyPlus Modeling Methods for UFAD Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when connected to a fan coil unit (as Titus and other linearof the diffuser as supplied by a fan coil unit for Titusdiffusers and fan coil unit for the Walnut based systems.

Webster, Tom; Bauman, Fred; Lee, Kwang Ho; Schiavon, Stefano; Daly, Alan; Hoyt, Tyler

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

CBE EnergyPlus modeling methods for UFAD systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when connected to a fan coil unit (as Titus and other linearof the diffuser as supplied by a fan coil unit for Titusdiffusers and fan coil unit for the Walnut based systems.

Webster, T.; Bauman, F.; Lee, K.; Schiavon, S.; Daly, A.; Hoyt, T.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Evaluation of Retrofit Variable-Speed Furnace Fan Motors  

SciTech Connect

In conjunction with the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and Proctor Engineering Group, Ltd. (PEG), the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) has evaluated the Concept 3 (tm) replacement motors for residential furnaces. These brushless, permanent magnet (BPM) motors can use much less electricity than their PSC (permanent split capacitor) predecessors. This evaluation focuses on existing homes in the heating-dominated climate of upstate New York with the goals of characterizing field performance and cost-effectiveness. The results of this study are intended to be useful to home performance contractors, HVAC contractors, and home efficiency program stakeholders. The project includes eight homes in and near Syracuse, NY. Tests and monitoring was performed both before and after fan motors were replaced. Average fan power reductions were approximately 126 Watts during heating and 220 Watts during cooling operation. Over the course of entire heating and cooling seasons, these translated into average electric energy savings of 163 kWh. Average cost savings were $20 per year. Homes where the fan was used outside of heating and cooling mode saved an additional $42 per year on average. Results indicate that BPM replacement motors will be most cost-effective in HVAC systems with longer run times and relatively low duct static pressures. More dramatic savings are possible if occupants use the fan-only setting when there is no thermal load. There are millions of cold-climate, U.S. homes that meet these criteria, but the savings in most homes tested in this study were modest.

Aldrich, R.; Williamson, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial fan deposits Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FANS: THE VENEZUELA DEBRIS FLOW AND FLASH FLOOD DISASTER Summary: and flood hazard sediment deposition in an alluvial fan on alluvial fans extremely dangerous. channel... ) in...

117

Alternate Air Delivery Systems for Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-zone units in the Harris County Criminal Courts Building in Houston, one of the most hot and humid climates in the United States, as well as in several other facilities. This paper will discuss the adoption of ASHRAE 62, its effects on VAV systems, and how...

Wallace, M.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Distribution of the organic matter in the channel-levees systems of the Congo mud-rich deep sea fan (West Africa).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(West Africa). Implication for deep offshore petroleum source rocks and global carbon cycle François), the origin of which is a mixture of terrestrial higher- plant debris and deeply oxidized phytoplanktonic-prone source rocks for the deep offshore of the Atlantic margins. Finally, the Congo deep-sea turbiditic system

119

DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure January 3, 2014 - 12:00am Addthis The...

120

Development of Power-head based Fan Airflow Station  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of Power-head Based Fan Airflow Station Gang Wang Research associate University of Nebraska, Lincoln Mingsheng Liu Professor University of Nebraska, Lincoln Abstract Fan airflow measurement is critical for heating... under partial loads. On the other hand, in most of airflow range, the power curve varies exquisitely. Wang and Liu developed the VFD airflow station to obtain the fan airflow using the power and speed based on the power curve. Both the fan...

Wang, G.; Liu, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cooling Tower Energy Conservation Through Hydraulic Fan Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fan Drive Eliminates These Problems from the Drive Train. The electric motor is at ground level; close coupled to a hydraulic pump, filters and oil reservoir. Hydraulic lines bring oil flow to the lightweight hydraulic motor mounted at the fan... Tower Fan Drives Are Many: It removes the hazard of costly fan wrecks and shaft coupling breakage. It eliminates gearbox maintenance, breakdown or replacement. The electric motor is mounted with the reservoir and pump at ground level for ease...

Dickerson, J.

122

DOE Publishes Final Rule for Residential Furnace Fan Test Procedure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy (DOE) has published a final rule regarding test procedures for residential furnace fans.

123

Adjustable Speed- A Tool for Saving Energy Losses in Pumps, Fans, Fans, Blowers and Compressors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petroleum and chemical plants of today are effectively cutting energy losses in their plants thermally, electrically, and mechanically in their process equipment. In rotating process equipment such as pumps, fans, compressors, and blowers, much...

Hickok, H. N.

124

Power Aware Page Allocation Alvin R. Lebeck, Xiaobo Fan, Heng Zeng, Carla Ellis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Aware Page Allocation Alvin R. Lebeck, Xiaobo Fan, Heng Zeng, Carla Ellis Department of Computer Science Duke University alvy@cs.duke.edu http://www.cs.duke.edu/~alvy Milly Watt #12;Power Aware Page Allocation 2© Alvin R. Lebeck, 2000 Power Aware System Design ?Traditional system design targets

Ellis, Carla

125

Effect on energy use and greenhouse microclimate through fan motor control by variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison was conducted between ON–OFF and variable frequency drive (VFD) systems to control greenhouse ventilation fans. The study aimed to determine the effect of each system on the energy consumption and resulting greenhouse microclimate. The experiments were conducted in a commercial size greenhouse in which pepper was grown. To check the performance of the fan that was controlled by a VFD system, it was installed in a test facility and operated under several rotation speeds. At each speed of rotation, the static pressure on the fan was changed and parameters, such as electricity consumption and air flow rate, were measured. Reducing the fan speed with the VFD system resulted in reductions in the air flow rate through the greenhouse and energy consumption, the latter being much more significant. The study showed that VFD control can reduce electricity consumption compared with ON–OFF operation by an amount that depends on the weather. In the present study, the average energy consumption with the VFD control system over a period of one month, was about 0.64 of that with an ON–OFF system. The average greenhouse daily air temperatures and humidity ratios obtained with each control system between 0700 and 1800 were nearly equal during that month. The results obtained in the greenhouse further show that the VFD system has a greater potential than the ON–OFF to reduce the range of amplitude variations in the air temperature and humidity ratio within the greenhouse.

Meir Teitel; Yun Zhao; Moti Barak; Eli Bar-lev; David Shmuel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Fan System Assessment Tool Introduction - Webcast  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Plan Learn how others have saved Access the National Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) Database EERE Information Center On-call team of professional engineers, scientists,...

127

List of Whole House Fans Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Whole House Fans Incentives Whole House Fans Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 26 Whole House Fans Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 26) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light (Gas and Electric) - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives (Iowa) Utility Rebate Program Iowa Agricultural Agricultural Equipment Ceiling Fan Clothes Washers Custom/Others pending approval Dishwasher Doors Heat recovery Lighting Motor VFDs Motors Refrigerators Water Heaters Windows Whole House Fans Room Air Conditioners Ground Source Heat Pumps Yes Alliant Energy Interstate Power and Light - Farm Equipment Energy Efficiency Incentives (Minnesota) Utility Rebate Program Minnesota Agricultural Agricultural Equipment

128

List of Ceiling Fan Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fan Incentives Fan Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 99 Ceiling Fan Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 99) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Residential Building Insulation Ceiling Fan Central Air conditioners Custom/Others pending approval Duct/Air sealing Heat pumps Lighting Motors Programmable Thermostats Windows Yes AEP Ohio (Gas) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Residential Building Insulation Ceiling Fan Central Air conditioners Custom/Others pending approval Dehumidifiers Duct/Air sealing Heat pumps Lighting Motors Programmable Thermostats

129

Procedure and Application for Determining the Cold Deck and Hot Deck Airflow in a Dual-Duct System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces an innovative method to determine the cold and hot airflow through a dual-duct variable air volume (VAV) system. The actual building load can be identified based on the calculated airflow and temperature for both the cold...

Liu, G.; Mingsheng, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Mass and fans in attached sunspaces  

SciTech Connect

The effect of thermal storage mass on the performance of an attached sunspace is investigated for a particular design in Boston. Mass in the sunspace and in the adjoining building are compared. Performance is evaluated in terms of temperature conditions in the sunspace and delivery of useful solar heat to the adjoining building. The dependence of the results on the manner of heat delivery is studied. Both natural convection and fan-forced air flow are included.

Jones, R.W.; McFarland, R.D.; Lazarus, G.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Typical Commercial Building Thermal Energy Distribution Design Load Intensities (Watts per SF) Distribution System Fans Other Central System Supply Fans Cooling Tower Fan Central System Return Fans Air-Cooled Chiller Condenser Fan 0.6 Terminal Box Fans 0.5 Exhaust Fans (2) Fan-Coil Unit Fans (1) Condenser Fans 0.6 Packaged or Split System Indoor Blower 0.6 Pumps Chilled Water Pump Condenser Water Pump Heating Water Pump Note(s): Source(s): 0.1 - 0.2 0.1 - 0.2 1) Unducted units are lower than those with some ductwork. 2) Strong dependence on building type. BTS/A.D. Little, Energy Consumption Characteristics of Commercial Building HVAC Systems, Volume II:Thermal Distribution, Auxiliary Equipment, and Ventilation, Oct. 1999, Table 3-1, p. 3-6. 0.3 - 1.0 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 - 0.4

132

Quantitative characteristics of sinuous distributary channels on the Amazon Deep-Sea Fan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydrodynamic parameters somewhat similar to those encountered in sub- aerial rivers (Damuth and others, 1983a, and unpub. data). Clearly...submarine fan channel/levee systems: Geo-Marine Letters. Fukushima, Y., Parker, G and Pantin, H. M., 1985, Prediction...

133

Laboratory Evaluation of Fan-filter Units' Aerodynamic and Energy Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laboratory Evaluation of Fan-filter Units' Aerodynamic and Energy Performance Tengfang Xu, Lawrence The paper discusses the benefits of having a consistent testing method to characterize aerodynamic applications. Optimizing aerodynamic performance in air recirculation systems appears to be one of useful

134

Key Findings from the NBI PIER Project: Optimization of Airside Design  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Key Findings from the NBI PIER Project: Optimization of Airside Design Key Findings from the NBI PIER Project: Optimization of Airside Design Speaker(s): Mark Hydeman Date: April 29, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Philip Haves Mark Hydeman, PE, Principal from Taylor Engineering will present key results from the NBI PIER research on built-up VAV systems for which he was the Principal Investigator. These include the potential for supply pressure reset for energy savings and to prevent operation in surge; a new way of modeling fan performance; and an optimized approach for selecting and controlling VAV boxes. The project produced a design guide on air-side VAV systems that is available from the CEC website at http://www.energy.ca.gov/reports/2003-11-17_500-03-082_A-11.PDF a new model for the evaluation of fan system design and controls and a series of

135

DOE Publishes Request for Information for Ceiling Fans | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fans Energy Conservation Standards DOE Publishes Final Rule for the Request for Exclusion of 100 Watt R20 Short Incandescent Reflector Lamps from Energy Conservation Standards...

136

Performance of thermal distribution systems in large commercial buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance of thermal distribution systems in large commercial buildings Performance of thermal distribution systems in large commercial buildings Title Performance of thermal distribution systems in large commercial buildings Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-44331 Year of Publication 2002 Authors Xu, Tengfang T., François Rémi Carrié, Darryl J. Dickerhoff, William J. Fisk, Jennifer A. McWilliams, Duo Wang, and Mark P. Modera Journal Energy and Buildings Volume 34 Start Page Chapter Pagination 215-226 Abstract This paper presents major findings of a field study on the performance of five thermal distribution systems in four large commercial buildings. The five systems studied are typical single-duct or dual-duct constant air volume (CAV) systems and variable air volume (VAV) systems, each of which serves an office building or a retail building with floor area over 2,000 m2. The air leakage from ducts are reported in terms of effective leakage area (ELA) at 25 Pa reference pressure, the ASHRAE-defined duct leakage class, and air leakage ratios. The specific ELAs ranged from 0.7 to 12.9 cm2 per m2 of duct surface area, and from 0.1 to 7.7 cm2 per square meter of floor area served. The leakage classes ranged from 34 to 757 for the five systems and systems sections tested. The air leakage ratios are estimated to be up to one-third of the fan- supplied airflow in the constant-air-volume systems. The specific ELAs and leakage classes indicate that air leakage in large commercial duct systems varies significantly from system to system, and from system section to system section even within the same thermal distribution system. The duct systems measured are much leakier than the ductwork specified as "unsealed ducts" by ASHRAE. Energy losses from supply ducts by conduction (including convection and radiation) are found to be significant, on the scale similar to the losses induced by air leakage in the duct systems. The energy losses induced by leakage and conduction suggest that there are significant energy-savings potentials from duct-sealing and insulation practice in large commercial buildings

137

Appearance Learning by Adaptive Kalman Filters for FLIR Tracking Vijay Venkataraman, Guoliang Fan, Xin Fan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appearance Learning by Adaptive Kalman Filters for FLIR Tracking Vijay Venkataraman, Guoliang Fan the challenging issue of target tracking and appearance learning in Forward Looking In- frared (FLIR) sequences existing methods and experiments on the AMCOM FLIR dataset validate its effectiveness. 1. Introduction

Fan, Guoliang

138

Target Tracking with Online Feature Selection in FLIR Imagery Vijay Venkataraman, Guoliang Fan and Xin Fan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Target Tracking with Online Feature Selection in FLIR Imagery Vijay Venkataraman, Guoliang Fan tracking algo- rithm for FLIR imagery. A dual foreground and background model is proposed for target that the proposed algorithm can accurately track poorly-visible targets in FLIR imagery even with strong ego

Fan, Guoliang

139

Choosing the right boiler air fans at Weston 4  

SciTech Connect

When it came to choosing the three 'big' boiler air fans - forced draft, induced draft and primary air, the decision revolved around efficiency. The decision making process for fan selection for the Western 4 supercritical coal-fired plant is described in this article. 3 photos.

Spring, N.

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Measurable energy savings of installing variable frequency drives for cooling towers’ fans, compared to dual speed motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In recent years the building management system (BMS) controllers have been used to control the operation of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system in addition to lighting and some electrical equipment in order to save energy. In the water cooled system, the BMS controls the operation process of the cooling towers (CTs) fans of dual speed motors to maintain a constant leaving water temperature for different cooling loads and different ambient wet bulb temperature (WBT). This paper presents the effect of installing variable frequency drives (VFDs) for \\{CTs\\} fans in Kuwait during summer season on energy savings compared to dual speed control. The results have shown that with VFD mode, the reduction in water consumption was over 13% compared to the commonly used dual speed mode. More importantly, the combined power for the chillers and the \\{CTs\\} fans for the same amount of cooling produced were reduced by 5.8% in the VFD mode.

E. Al-Bassam; R. Alasseri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial fan nye Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstract. Alluvial fans of alpine torrents are both natural deposition areas for sediment discharged... on alluvial fans depends on proper iden- tification of ... Source:...

142

Building America Case Study: Evaluating Through-Wall Air Transfer Fans, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

In this project, Building America team IBACOS performed field testing in a new construction unoccupied test house in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to evaluate heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) distribution systems during heating, cooling, and midseason conditions. Four air-based HVAC distribution systems were assessed:-a typical airflow ducted system to the bedrooms, a low airflow ducted system to the bedrooms, a system with transfer fans to the bedrooms, and a system with no ductwork to the bedrooms. The relative ability of each system was considered with respect to relevant Air Conditioning Contractors of America and ASHRAE standards for house temperature uniformity and stability, respectively.

Not Available

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Submitting Organization Hongyou Fan Sandia National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

 2007 R&D 100 Award Entry Form  Submitting Organization Hongyou Fan Sandia National Laboratories Advanced Materials Laboratory 1001 University Boulevard SE Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA 505-272-7128 (phone) 505-272-7336 (fax) hfan@sandia.gov AFFIRMATION: I affirm that all information submitted as a part of, or supplemental to, this entry is a fair and accurate represen- tation of this product. Submitter's signature_______________________________ Earl Stromberg Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Mail Zone 2893 PO Box 748 Fort Worth, TX 76101, USA 817-763-7376 (phone) 817-762-6911 (fax) Earl.W.Stromberg@lmco.com Self-Assembling Process for Fabricating Tailored Thin Films This simple, economical nanotechnology coating process enables the development of nanoparticle thin films

144

High Efficiency Fans and High Efficiency Electrical Motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Replacing nominal efficient electrical motors with premium efficiency can save on electrical power costs in cotton gins. Connected horsepower load on industrial air fans is approximately 60% of the total horsepower in a typical cotton gin...

Breedlove, C. W.

145

Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Circulation fans Pages using the property "Building/SPElectrtyUsePercCirculationFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 18.6715328229 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 3.84924044288 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 13.5679722118 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 10.115947775 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 10.4348038368 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 3.09034005771 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 1.5024342653 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 13.4365662073 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 2.75323793817 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 15.8993705073 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 1.11354848212 +

146

Property:Building/SPElectrtyUsePercFans | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SPElectrtyUsePercFans SPElectrtyUsePercFans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Fans Pages using the property "Building/SPElectrtyUsePercFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 7.29539104961 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 16.7673965927 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 27.9131959869 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 12.2479817873 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 29.1925346224 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 15.8653423601 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 12.809449974 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 22.2979541594 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 22.7088540206 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 13.3738132017 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 25.1040933765 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 22.6542018423 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 24.3166483485 +

147

Small-scale event sport tourism: fans as tourists  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

College sports events have the potential to increase city revenue and community spirit, while increasing traveler's awareness of the local community. This two-part study focuses on the tourism-related behaviors of fans who follow the University of Florida (USA) football team (the Gators). In the fall of 1999, 181 Gator fans were surveyed. Descriptive statistics illustrated that Sport Excursionists and Sport Tourists spent money on food and shopping while attending games, but their main motivation was to see the game. In the fall of 2000, 20 Gator fans took part in follow-up face-to-face interviews. Three themes emerged from the data about their travel-related behaviors when attending football games: (a) being a fan; (b) pilgrimages to the mecca of Gator football; and (c) on the road with the team. Further analysis of the results revealed that Gator fans are more likely to engage in traditional tourist behaviors while attending away games. Therefore, it is hypothesized that the tourism benefits for small communities may lie in leveraging the events to the visiting team's fans.

Heather J Gibson; Cynthia Willming; Andrew Holdnak

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Wireless Demand Response Controls for HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

art VAV: variable-air-volume VFD: variable frequency drivespeed command to the variable frequency drive(s) (VFDs). The

Federspiel, Clifford

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Photo of the Week: Fan-tastic | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fan-tastic Fan-tastic Photo of the Week: Fan-tastic August 17, 2012 - 10:30am Addthis In Jonesboro, Arkansas, a Nordex USA employee stands between utility-scale components that will eventually make up a completed wind turbine. Under the Recovery Act, Nordex USA received a tax credit to assist in the creation of the Jonesboro manufacturing facility, which opened in October 2010. | Photo courtesy of Nordex USA. In Jonesboro, Arkansas, a Nordex USA employee stands between utility-scale components that will eventually make up a completed wind turbine. Under the Recovery Act, Nordex USA received a tax credit to assist in the creation of the Jonesboro manufacturing facility, which opened in October 2010. | Photo courtesy of Nordex USA. Sarah Gerrity Sarah Gerrity Multimedia Editor, Office of Public Affairs

150

Geomorphology and morphometric characteristics of alluvial fans, Guadalupe Mountains National Park and adjacent areas, west Texas and New Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................ 29 14 Alluvial fans along the Guadalupe Mountains in Big Dog Canyon........ 31 15 Alluvial fans along the Brokeoff Mountains in Big Dog Canyon........... 35 16 View of alluvial fans from their drainage basins.................................. 75 27 Salt Basin-Brokeoff Mountains alluvial fan group ................................. 76 28 Big Dog Canyon-Brokeoff Mountains alluvial fan group....................... 77 29 Big Dog Canyon-Guadalupe Mountains alluvial fan group...

Given, Jeffrey Lyle

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

151

Use of VFDs on Asphalt Plant Induced Draft Fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mixer at the burner end and flows across the aggregate as it moves toward the burner. The hot air Extrapolating savings achieved with 10 asphalt plants in the Intermountain West, almost 200,000 MWh of annual energy savings could be achieved... Name Damper Plant kWh Fan kWh Fan % Staker West Haven Outlet 1,021,040 ,68130% Ogden Plant Outlet 548,640 171,257 31% POM Plant Outlet 1,284,480 ,61825% Orem Plant Inlet 890,250 96,731 11% Staker Cedar City Outlet 502,320 115,949 23% Staker Beck Street...

Anderson, G. R.; Case, P. L.; Lowery, J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Amateur experts: International fan labor in Swedish independent music  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Swedish music than we have, which is kind of cool.” Well-placed fans can even break bands. Nick Levine, explains how he and his partner in the London’s Swedish nightclub Tack!Tack!Tack! (which had a strong MySpace presence of its own) influenced... work by positioning themselves as enthusiasts too far outside the scene to merit economic reward. These fans sometimes took umbrage to implications that they are involved in the scene, doing work, or should be paid: I don’t want to say I’m “involved...

Baym, Nancy K.; Burnett, Robert

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Experimental investigation on the energy-saving diffuser of a main fan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main fan diffuser in a coal mine is an energy-recycling equipment with a dynamic energy loss for the main fan. Engineering practices ... are irrational. To solve the problem, an energy-saving diffuser is desi...

Shi-qiang Chen; Hai-qiao Wang…

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

2014-10-27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-10-27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking...

155

A Method for Evaluating the Application of Variable Frequency Drives with Coal Mine Ventilation Fans.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The adjustable-pitch setting on an axial-flow fan is the most common method of controlling airflow for primary coal mine ventilation. With this method, the fan… (more)

Murphy, Tyson M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

DOE Publishes Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Residential Furnace Fans Energy Conservation Standards  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Department of Energy has published a notice of proposed rulemaking regarding energy conservation standards for residential furnace fans.

157

Model Predictive Control Approach to Online Computation of Demand-Side Flexibility of Commercial Buildings HVAC Systems for Supply Following  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the summation of fan power, cooling power and heating power,non-electric heating and cooling powers of these systems. (time t Power consumption of fan, heating and cooling systems

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Fan Aerodynamic Performance Guarantees: Do Your Policies, Procedures and Penalties Provide Adequate Certainty?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With few exceptions, fan vendors do not provide a written guarantee regarding aerodynamic performance. Some fan vendors even go so far as to state in their terms and conditions of sale that fan performance is not guaranteed unless it is specifically...

Kaufman, S. G.; Martin, V.; Falk, M. A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Early to middle Miocene foraminifera from the deep-sea Congo Fan, offshore Angola  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Early to middle Miocene foraminifera from the deep-sea Congo Fan, offshore Angola Severyn Kender,1 section of an exploration well penetrating the distal part of the Congo Fan (~2000m water depth) yielded Miocene Monterey Carbon Isotope Excursion. INTRODUCTION The Congo Fan has been the subject

Kaminski, Michael A.

160

Submarine fan lobe models: Implications for reservoir properties  

SciTech Connect

A multitude of submarine fan lobe models, advocating widely different reservoir properties, has been introduced into the sedimentologic literature. Four of these models are compared to show their differences in reservoir properties. Braided suprafan lobes are characterized by stacked sand bodies with good lateral and vertical communication, and they constitute excellent reservoir facies. The unchanneled depositional lobes, composed of sheetlike sand bodies with good lateral and moderate vertical communication, exhibit properties of good reservoir facies. Fanlobes, which refer to meandering channels and associated levee facies of large mud-rich submarine fans such as the Mississippi Fan in the Gulf of Mexico, are characterized by offset stacked sand bodies with poor lateral and vertical communication. These lenticular sands have the potential to be moderately good reservoir facies. Ponded lobes, which represent mud-rich slump facies of slope environments, comprise poor reservoir facies because of poor sand content and poor sand-body connectivity caused by chaotic bedding. Furthermore, the presence of slumped mud layers in ponded lobes is expected to hinder fluid flow. Because different lobe models vary significantly from one another in terms of reservoir properties, caution must be exercised to apply the proper lobe model to ancient fan sequences in hydrocarbon exploration and production.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (USA))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Heuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

April 20, 1997 Abstract We develop heuristics for a problem that models the static balancing of turbine Reiger, 1986. In some cases, such as in the constructionof hydraulic, steam or gas turbines, fan blades to counteract the residual un- balance. For gas and steam turbines, this is necessary not only when the engine

Bartholdi III, John J.

162

Alluvial-fan deposits of Eldorado and Piute Valleys Alluvial-fan deposits are mapped as allostratigraphic units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that may be subject to intermittent flooding from active channels. Young alluvial-fan depositsMFan-piedmont and interfluvial wash terrace remnants; pebble-cobble to boulder gravel; small pebble sand where dominated by grus-cobble to boulder gravel. Deposits are poorly sorted; generally matrix supported; poorly to moderately stratified

Tingley, Joseph V.

163

Energy performance of underfloor air distribution systems part V: energy plus development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heating coil (fan outlet, coil inlet); the unit air outletVS) fan and reheat coil is an air system terminal unitfan is upstream of the heating coil (this is a blow-through unit).

Buhl, Fred

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

ISSUANCE: 2014-12-03 Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Fans and Blowers: Availability of Provisional Analysis Tools  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Fans and Blowers: Availability of Provisional Analysis Tools

165

Energy saving in agricultural buildings through fan motor control by variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison was conducted between ON–OFF and variable frequency drive (VFD) systems to control ventilation fans of greenhouses and poultry houses. The study aimed to determine the effect of each system on the energy consumption and resulting microclimate within the houses. The experiments were carried out in a commercial-size greenhouse in which pepper was grown and in commercial poultry houses. Reducing the fan speed with the VFD system resulted in reductions in the airflow rate through the houses and energy consumption, the latter being much more significant. The study showed that VFD control can reduce electricity consumption compared with ON–OFF operation. In the present study, the average energy consumption with the VFD control system was about 0.64 and 0.75 of that with an ON–OFF system in the greenhouse and poultry houses, respectively. The average greenhouse daily air temperatures and humidity ratios obtained with each control system between 07:00 and 18:00 were nearly equal. The results obtained in the greenhouse further showed that the VFD system has a greater potential than the ON–OFF, to reduce the range of amplitude variations in the air temperature and humidity ratio within the greenhouse. The average air temperatures over day and night, in the poultry houses, with each control system were nearly equal. The relative humidity, however, was slightly lower with VFD than with ON–OFF. Reductions in the range of amplitude variations of the air temperature and humidity were also observed in the poultry houses.

Meir Teitel; Asher Levi; Yun Zhao; Moti Barak; Eli Bar-lev; David Shmuel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Variable Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer Room Air Conditioners  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Variable-Speed Fan Variable-Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer-Room Air Conditioners Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program Technology Case Study Bulletin By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Steve Greenberg September 2013 2 Contacts Steve Greenberg Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, 90R3111 Berkeley, California 94720 (510) 486-6971 segreenberg@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP, please contact: Will Lintner, P.E., CEM Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 (202) 586-3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov 3 Acknowledgements EPRI: Dennis Symanski, Brian Fortenbery Synapsense: Garret Smith, Patricia Nealon Vigilent: Corinne Vita

167

LAB 3 Cleanroom Fan and Filters Analysis for the Supports  

SciTech Connect

A 1400 lb blower fan and a 2700 lb filter box are to be supported at Lab 3. The support structure is a framework that suspends from the building wall to the cleanroom and to a washroom. The framework is made of welded 4-inch x 8-inch x 1/4-inch rectangular A36 steel tube. Welds are to be standard prequalified welds as by AISC. The main support frame is approximately 7-feet off the floor and welded onto the top of 10 columns. A deflection and stress study was performed on the planned structure. A scaled plan view is given in drawing 3823.113-MD-358764. The heaviest loaded beams were labeled with a letter designation and were studied for beam deflections and stresses. The 4-inch x 8-inch rectangular tube was also used for the substructure for the fan and filter mounts and to support a temporary floor grating during maintenance.

Cease, H.; /Fermilab

1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

168

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon distributions in Mississippi Fan sediments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Sandberg, B. A. , University of Colorado Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. James M. Brooks Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) distributions in Upper Pleistocene sediments of the Mississippi Fan and two intraslope basins in the Gulf of Mexico... chemistries is separate phase migration driven by hydrodynamic flow upward along fault planes. The same variables at intraslope basin sites are highly altered, possibly due to extensive gravity slump faulting. High- performance liquid chromatography...

Sandberg, William Allan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

169

Types of submarine fan lobes: Models and implications  

SciTech Connect

Different lobe models imply significantly different reservoir geometries; thus, one must apply the proper lobe model to ancient fan sequences. Braided suprafan lobes are characterized by stacked channel sand bodies with good lateral and vertical communication, and they constitute excellent reservoir facies. Depositional lobes, composed of sheet-like sand bodies with good lateral and moderate vertical communication, exhibit properties of good reservoir facies. Fanlobes, which refer to meandering channels and associated levee facies of large mud-rich submarine fans such as the Mississippi fan, are characterized by offset stacked sand bodies with poor lateral and vertical communication .These lenticular sands have the potential to be moderately good reservoir facies. Ponded lobes, which represent mud-rich slump facies of slope environments, comprise poor reservoir facies because of low sand content and poor sand-body connectivity. Furthermore, the presence of contorted mud layers in ponded lobes is expected to hinder fluid flow. External mounded reflections in seismic profiles often are interpreted as lobes; however, there are no definite seismic criteria to delineate mud-rich lobes from sand-rich lobes.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J. (Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Geological overview of the Angola-Congo Margin, the Congo deep-sea fan and its submarine valleys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Congo deep-sea fan is one of the largest fans in the world still affected by presently active turbidity currents. The present activity of deep-sea sedimentary processes is linked to the existence of a direct connection between the Congo River estuary and the Congo canyon head that allows relatively continuous sediment feeding of the deep-sea environment, in spite of a wide continental shelf (150 km). Because of this important activity in terms of sedimentary processes, the deep-sea environment of the Congo-Angola margin presents major interests concerning physical, chemical and biological studies near the sea floor. The main aim of this paper is to present the initial geological context of the BioZaire Program, showing a synthesis of the major results of the ZaïAngo Project including (1) the brief geological setting of the Congo-Angola margin, (2) the structure of the modern Congo deep-sea fan, (3) the sedimentary architecture of the recent Congo turbidite system (from the canyon to the distal lobes), and (4) the recent and present turbidite sedimentation. In order to provide useful information and advice relevant to biological and geochemical studies across the Congo sedimentary system, this article focuses on the present sedimentary processes and the present activity of turbidity current along the Congo canyon and channel.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Improved recovery from Gulf of Mexico reservoirs. Volume I (of 4): Task 1, conduct research on mud-rich submarine fans. Final report, February 14, 1995--October 13, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The objective for this portion of the research involved conducting field studies and laboratory investigations to develop and refine models for mud-rich submarine fan architectures used by seismic analysis and reservoir engineers. These research aspects have been presented in two papers as follows: (1) Bouma, A.H., {open_quotes}Review of Fine-Grained Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems{close_quotes}; (2) Kirkova, J.T. and Lorenzo, J.M., {open_quotes}Synthetic Seismic Modeling of Measured Submarine Fans Sections, Case Study of the Tanqua Complex, Karoo, South Africa{close_quotes} The {open_quotes}Review of Fine-Grained Submarine Fans and Turbidite Systems{close_quotes} by Arnold Bouma discusses research targeted toward stimulating an increase in oil and gas recovery by developing new and improved geological understanding. The {open_quotes}Synthetic Seismic Modeling of Measured Submarine Fan Sections, Case Study of the Tanqua Complex, Karoo, South Africa{close_quotes} by J.T. Kirkova and J.M. Lorenso discusses the limitations of verticle resolution and how this affects the interpretation and characterization of submarine fan complexes.

Kimbrell, W.C.; Bassiouni, Z.A.; Bourgoyne, A.T.

1997-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

172

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C September 20, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Part of my research led me to understand how ceiling fans are considered the most effective fans compared among table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or walls because they effectively circulate the air in a room to create a draft throughout the room.

173

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C September 20, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Part of my research led me to understand how ceiling fans are considered the most effective fans compared among table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or walls because they effectively circulate the air in a room to create a draft throughout the room.

174

Performance Assessment of Photovoltaic Attic Ventilator Fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. However, when ducts are present in the attic, the magnitude of heat gain to the thermal distribution system under peak conditions can be often much greater than the ceiling heat flux in well-insulated attics (Parker et al.. 1993; Hageman and Modera... this fact Assume a 2,000 square foot ceiling with R-30 attic insulation. Supply ducts in most residences often comprise a combined area of -25% of the gross floor area (see Gu et al. 1997, Appendix G. and Jump and Modera. 1994). but are only insulated...

Parker, D. S.; Sherwin, J. R.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Improving Fan System Performance - A Sourcebook for Industry  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

p C ( ) 2 1,097 Where: p pressure loss in inches of water gage (in. wg) C loss coefficient for the component V velocity in feet per minute density of the...

176

Aerodynamic Thrust Modelling in Wave Tank Tests of Offshore Floating Wind Turbines Using a Ducted Fan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wave tank testing of scaled models is standard practice during the development of floating wind turbine platforms for the validation of the dynamics of conceptual designs. Reliable recreation of the dynamics of a full scale floating wind turbine by a scaled model in a basin requires the precise scaling of the masses and inertias and also the relevant forces and its frequencies acting on the system. The scaling of floating wind turbines based on the Froude number is customary for basin experiments. This method preserves the hydrodynamic similitude, but the resulting Reynolds number is much lower than in full scale. The aerodynamic loads on the rotor are therefore out of scale. Several approaches have been taken to deal with this issue, like using a tuned drag disk or redesigning the scaled rotor. This paper describes the implementation of an alternative method based on the use of a ducted fan located at the model tower top in the place of the rotor. The fan can introduce a variable force that represents the total wind thrust by the rotor. A system controls this force by varying the rpm, and a computer simulation of the full scale rotor provides the desired thrust to be introduced by the fan. This simulation considers the wind turbine control, gusts, turbulent wind, etc. The simulation is performed in synchronicity with the test and it is fed in real time by the displacements and velocities of the platform captured by the acquisition system. Thus, the simulation considers the displacements of the rotor within the wind field and the calculated thrust models the effect of the aerodynamic damping. The system is not able currently to match the effect of gyroscopic momentum. The method has been applied during a test campaign of a semisubmersible platform with full catenary mooring lines for a 6MW wind turbine in scale 1/40 at Ecole Centrale de Nantes. Several tests including pitch free decay under constant wind and combined wave and wind cases have been performed. Data from the experiments are compared with aero-servo-hydro-elastic computations with good agreement showing the validity of the method for the representation of the scaled aerodynamics. The new method for the aerodynamic thrust scaling in basin tests is very promising considering its performance, versatility and lower cost in comparison with other methods.

José Azcona; Faisal Bouchotrouch; Marta González; Joseba Garciandía; Xabier Munduate; Felix Kelberlau; Tor A Nygaard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Equipartition of two measures by a 4-fan Imre B ar any  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, there is a point and four hal ines emanating form it such that each of the four sectors have measure 1=4 in both are used here without much change. A point x in the plane and four hal ines, ` 1 ; ` 2 ; ` 3 ; ` 4 of S 2 . A 4-fan in R 2 is lifted to a 4-fan in S 2 in a natural way: a spherical 4-fan is a point x 2

Bárány, Imre

178

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

179

How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? How Has a Ceiling Fan Affected the Way You Heat and Cool Your Home? September 23, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Chris told you about his new ceiling fan and how it's changed the way he cools his home. In warm weather, ceiling fans cool people (not rooms) by producing a wind-chill effect-which is why you should turn off fans when you leave the room. A ceiling fan allows you to raise the thermostat setting about 4°F with no reduction in comfort. Ceiling fans don't just cool in the summer; you can also reverse the direction in the winter to provide an updraft and force warm air down into the room. How has a ceiling fan affected the way you heat and cool your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial fan sedimentation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

alluvial fans commonly occur with little to no warning, and have high velocities and sediment... with little warning, travel at high speeds, and carry massive amounts of sediment...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial fan surfaces Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Park: Climatic and intrinsic controls on Holocene geomorphic processes Summary: similar burn surfaces in numerous alluvial-fan stratigraphic sections (Figs. 3b and 3c). Rarely......

182

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8.0 percent. The reduced electrical energy use at the siteamount of fan electrical energy can be conserved. The4 megawatts; overall site electrical energy savings provided

Coles, Henry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Genetic stratigraphy of a part of the Miocene Congo Fan, West Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The stratigraphic framework and reservoir distribution are essential factors controlling the accumulation of petroleum in the Miocene Congo Fan. Analysis of cores, well logs, and seismic data suggest that the submarine fan autocycle (genetic cycle) is presented by sequence of slump, debrite, densite currents, and turbidites, whereas allocycles (long-term cycles) may be composed of several autocycles (short-term cycles) that, appear as a stacking pattern or retrogradational fan. Scour surfaces at the base of gravity flow channel, stable hemipelagic mudstone section, and the surface between fan retrogradation and progradation can be used for the correlations.

Zhenglong Jiang; Rong Wang; Wenbo Zheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

University of Nevada Las Vegas Arduino Project Report: Fan Speed Control as a Function of Thermistor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Nevada Las Vegas Arduino Project Report: Fan Speed Control as a Function, and an arduino board. The arduino board is programmed to read the analog input, the thermistor, and respond by the arduino that will decrease the speed of the fan. Furthermore, if the temperature goes up, the resistance

Kachroo, Pushkin

185

The Spacing of Ceiling Fans for Human Comfort in Warm Temperature Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Airspeed tests of a commercially popular 52 in. ceiling fan operating at a low speed of 155 fpm provided sufficient airspeed for comfort to 82F in an average floor area of 97.2 ft^2 beneath the fan. When operating at maximum speed, the average floor...

Spain, S.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Reworking of Aggraded Debris Fans by the 1996 Controlled Flood on the Colorado  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reworking of Aggraded Debris Fans by the 1996 Controlled Flood on the Colorado River in Grand with the BUREAU OF RECLAMATION #12;Reworking of Aggraded Debris Fans by the 1996 Controlled Flood on the Colorado ....................................................................................................................... 6 Effects of debris flows on the Colorado River

187

Inlet swirl distortion effects on the generation and propagation of fan rotor shock noise  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A body-force-based fan model for the prediction of multiple-pure-tone noise generation is developed in this thesis. The model eliminates the need for a full-wheel, three-dimensional unsteady RANS simulation of the fan blade ...

Defoe, Jeff (Jeffrey James)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Fan-deltas and braid deltas: Varieties of coarse-grained deltas: Discussion and reply  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...longitudinal profile analysis (Fig. 5, McPherson and others, 1987) to make the point that we were not considering only dry-type alluvial fans. Many other examples of wet-type fans exist in the literature (for example, Kochel and Johnson, 1984...

L. A. DUNNE; JOHN G. McPHERSON; GANAPATHY SHANMUGAM; RICHARD J. MOIOLA

189

Statistic inversion of multi-zone transition probability models for aquifer characterization in alluvial fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the heterogeneity arising from the complex architecture of sedimentary sequences in alluvial fans is challenging. This paper develops a statistical inverse framework in a multi-zone transition probability approach for characterizing the heterogeneity in alluvial fans. An analytical solution of the transition probability matrix is used to define the statistical relationships among different hydrofacies and their mean lengths, integral scales, and volumetric proportions. A statistical inversion is conducted to identify the multi-zone transition probability models and estimate the optimal statistical parameters using the modified Gauss-Newton-Levenberg-Marquardt method. The Jacobian matrix is computed by the sensitivity equation method, which results in an accurate inverse solution with quantification of parameter uncertainty. We use the Chaobai River alluvial fan in the Beijing Plain, China, as an example for elucidating the methodology of alluvial fan characterization. The alluvial fan is divided...

Zhu, Lin; Gong, Huili; Gable, Carl; Teatini, Pietro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

HVAC Equipment Manufacturers (2009 Million) Air-Handling Units 1032 Cooling Towers 533 Pumps 333 Central System Terminal Boxes 192 Classroom Unit Ventilator 160 Fan Coil Units 123...

191

Four new species of deep water agglutinated foraminifera from the OligoceneMiocene of the Congo Fan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Four new species of deep water agglutinated foraminifera from the Oligocene­Miocene of the Congo-water agglutinated benthic foraminifera are described from the Oligocene and Miocene of the Congo Fan, offshore the distal section of the Congo Fan. INTRODUCTION The Congo Fan is a terrigenous wedge largely built

Kaminski, Michael A.

192

Microsoft Word - Control_and_Fan_Improvements_in_CRAHs.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

07E 07E Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers Henry Coles and Steve Greenberg, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Corinne Vita, Vigilent Environmental Energy Technologies Division November 2012 DISCLAIMER This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

193

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Fans | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fans Fans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Fans Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2Fans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 5.21311928139 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 18.5995610535 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 20.3514016294 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 8.08671679198 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 16.0166245259 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 10.358795651 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 8.3953561818 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 9.28527472527 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 12.8398873749 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 20.0966982674 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 6.90408963585 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 8.60719192175 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 16.7539365907 +

194

Property:Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CirculationFans CirculationFans Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Circulation fans Pages using the property "Building/SPBreakdownOfElctrcityUseKwhM2CirculationFans" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) S Sweden Building 05K0001 + 13.3422495258 + Sweden Building 05K0002 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0003 + 2.80646609789 + Sweden Building 05K0004 + 8.95823904901 + Sweden Building 05K0005 + 5.55016340076 + Sweden Building 05K0006 + 6.81308969891 + Sweden Building 05K0007 + 2.02541916787 + Sweden Building 05K0008 + 0.625641025641 + Sweden Building 05K0009 + 7.59721281624 + Sweden Building 05K0010 + 0.0 + Sweden Building 05K0011 + 0.757191316527 + Sweden Building 05K0012 + 6.04077487892 + Sweden Building 05K0013 + 0.767224182906 +

195

High-amplitude reflection packets (HARPs) of the Mississippi Fan, Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sediment volumes. Mississippi Fan HARP deposition can be described by three depositional models: the "avulsion" model, the "fill and spill" model, and the "transition" model. The "avulsion" depositional model, developed by Flood et al. (1991), describes...

Francis, Jason Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

Demonstration of Intelligent Control and Fan Improvements in Computer Room Air Handlers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metrics. Consider the power for cooling saved because of theadditional infrastructure cooling power based upon 0.464 kW/Associated Infrastructure Cooling Power) Due to Fan Upgrade

Coles, Henry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Some dynamics of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in the marine shelf environment of the Mississippi Fan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOME DYNAMICS OF CARBON, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS IN THE MARINE SHELF ENVIRONMENT OF THE MISSISSIPPI FAN A Thesis by DANIEL WAYNE ARMSTRONG Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1974 Major Subject: Chemical Oceanography SOME DYNAMICS OF CARBON NITROGEN, AND PHOSPHORUS IN THE MARINE SHELF ENVIRONMENT OF THE MISSISSIPPI FAN A Thesis by DANIEL WAYNE ARMSTRONG Approved as to style...

Armstrong, Daniel Wayne

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Noise and vibration characteristics of cleanroom fan filter units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fan filter units (FFU’s) are used increasingly by the microelectronics industry to provide recirculation air in cleanrooms. Such units usually consist of one or more direct?drive blowers located in a small discharge plenum and a HEPA or ULPA filter. There may be several hundred FFU’s in a large cleanroom. The noise and vibration generated by FFU’s differ greatly between manufacturers. Since it is difficult to apply external noise and vibration mitigation it is important to select an FFU model with appropriate noise and vibration levels so that a cleanroom served by these units will meet the prespecified noise and vibration criteria. Unfortunately FFU manufacturers usually do not provide enough information for predicting the FFU generated sound?pressure spectrum or vibration in a cleanroom. In this paper simple noise and vibration measurement methods will be described which can be used as a basis for specifying FFU performance without special testing facilities. Measured data will be presented for a number of units. Procedures will be demonstrated to predict the performance of a cleanroom which uses FFU’s as the primary source of recirculation air.

Mei Q. Wu; Colin G. Gordon

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

INFLUENCE OF DESIGN AND OPERATING CONDITIONS ON UNDERFLOOR AIR DISTRIBUTION (UFAD) SYSTEM PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

supply temperature setpoints, operation of blinds at peak conditions, impact of occupant control, andcontrols the AHU fan. In both UFAD and OH systems, supply air temperature (

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

A prototype fan-beam optical CT scanner for 3D dosimetry  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The objective of this work is to introduce a prototype fan-beam optical computed tomography scanner for three-dimensional (3D) radiation dosimetry. Methods: Two techniques of fan-beam creation were evaluated: a helium-neon laser (HeNe, {lambda} = 543 nm) with line-generating lens, and a laser diode module (LDM, {lambda} = 635 nm) with line-creating head module. Two physical collimator designs were assessed: a single-slot collimator and a multihole collimator. Optimal collimator depth was determined by observing the signal of a single photodiode with varying collimator depths. A method of extending the dynamic range of the system is presented. Two sample types were used for evaluations: nondosimetric absorbent solutions and irradiated polymer gel dosimeters, each housed in 1 liter cylindrical plastic flasks. Imaging protocol investigations were performed to address ring artefacts and image noise. Two image artefact removal techniques were performed in sinogram space. Collimator efficacy was evaluated by imaging highly opaque samples of scatter-based and absorption-based solutions. A noise-based flask registration technique was developed. Two protocols for gel manufacture were examined. Results: The LDM proved advantageous over the HeNe laser due to its reduced noise. Also, the LDM uses a wavelength more suitable for the PRESAGE{sup TM} dosimeter. Collimator depth of 1.5 cm was found to be an optimal balance between scatter rejection, signal strength, and manufacture ease. The multihole collimator is capable of maintaining accurate scatter-rejection to high levels of opacity with scatter-based solutions (T < 0.015%). Imaging protocol investigations support the need for preirradiation and postirradiation scanning to reduce reflection-based ring artefacts and to accommodate flask imperfections and gel inhomogeneities. Artefact removal techniques in sinogram space eliminate streaking artefacts and reduce ring artefacts of up to {approx}40% in magnitude. The flask registration technique was shown to achieve submillimetre and subdegree placement accuracy. Dosimetry protocol investigations emphasize the need to allow gel dosimeters to cool gradually and to be scanned while at room temperature. Preliminary tests show that considerable noise reduction can be achieved with sinogram filtering and by binning image pixels into more clinically relevant grid sizes. Conclusions: This paper describes a new optical CT scanner for 3D radiation dosimetry. Tests demonstrate that it is capable of imaging both absorption-based and scatter-based samples of high opacities. Imaging protocol and gel dosimeter manufacture techniques have been adapted to produce optimal reconstruction results. These optimal results will require suitable filtering and binning techniques for noise reduction purposes.

Campbell, Warren G.; Rudko, D. A.; Braam, Nicolas A.; Jirasek, Andrew [University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8P 5C2 (Canada); Wells, Derek M. [British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Island Centre, Victoria, British Columbia V8R 6V5 (Canada)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

LETTER REPORT INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION OF THE HIGH FLUX BEAM REACTOR DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT FAN HOUSE, BUILDING 704 BNL  

SciTech Connect

5098-LR-01-0 -LETTER REPORT INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION OF THE HIGH FLUX BEAM REACTOR DECOMMISSIONING PROJECT FAN HOUSE, BUILDING 704 BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY

P.C. Weaver

2010-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

202

A PDI for your HVAC System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8/3/2012 Technical Approach Develop a PDI for HVAC PDI focus is on Inspecting Installation - a $10 Chinese sweatshop t-shirt gets a QA/QC sticker, why not a $10k HVAC system? Develop & require diagnostics that confirm good installations: - Air flow, duct leakage, refrigerant charge, delivered temperatures, system pressures, filter requirements, fan power, noise - On board diagnostics (OBD) for flow, pressures, fan power, charge Make it a warranty requirement, code requirement, permit requirement, etc. Recommended Guidance Develop the PDI checklist and label (include target and system test results) - External Tests: duct leaks - Internal Tests: OBD for system pressures, air flow, charge, fan power - Labels: Certify tight equipment

203

Stay Cool for Less Money with a Ceiling Fan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stay Cool for Less Money with a Ceiling Fan Stay Cool for Less Money with a Ceiling Fan Stay Cool for Less Money with a Ceiling Fan May 12, 2009 - 5:00am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL After a few late snowstorms here in Colorado, I am more than ready to turn off the heat and enjoy some warm spring weather. We haven't had any heat waves here yet, but many of you have already been trying to stay cool; our friends in Washington, D.C. were sweltering (by comparison) in 90+°F weather just a couple short weeks ago! Whether you're still anticipating snow or have broken out the sandals and tank tops, you may be starting to think about keeping your summer cooling costs down. One easy way to keep cool while saving money is using a ceiling fan. Did you know that a ceiling fan could allow you to raise the thermostat

204

Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

over  range;  exhaust  system  F1,  location  in  view  showing  coverage  of  exhaust  system  F1  over  11.  Measured  CO 2  in  exhaust  system  F1,  Exps.  1-­??

Singer, Brett C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Gas-dynamic characteristics of a noise and heat insulating jacket on a gas turbine in a gas pumping plant on emergency disconnection of the cooling fans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper discusses the operation of a gas turbine plant (GTP) when the fans in ... NHJ by a fan. The operation of gas-pumping plant involves working with brief (10 ... describing the motion of an ideal thermally...

P. V. Trusov; D. A. Charntsev; I. R. Kats…

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

A comparative study on energy consumption for HVAC systems of high-tech \\{FABs\\}  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The unique system dynamics of five different HVAC designs including the RCU (recirculation air unit) system, the MAU (make-up air unit) + RCU system, the MAU + RCU + FCU (fan coil unit) system, the MAU + axial fan system, and the MAU + FFU (fan-filter unit) system for a typical 200 mm DRAM wafer fabrication plant are discussed and compared. The energy performances of the RCU system, the MAU + RCU system, the MAU + RCU + FCU system, and the MAU + axial fan system are 3.8, 1.19, 1.12 and 1.08, respectively, folds that of the most efficient MAU + FFU system. The MAU + axial fan system exhibits slight less efficient in energy performance, compared with the MAU + FFU system. The most influential factor on energy performance between these two systems is the design of the noise abatement system, especially the pressure drop of the silencer, which dominates almost half of the internal static pressure of axial fan. When the static pressure of silencer of the MAU + axial fan system is reduced to 50 Pa, energy consumption of these two systems is comparable. Bypassing a certain portion of FAB return air to mix with make-up air can maximally reduce 50% of energy consumption of the RCU system.

Shih-Cheng Hu; Jhy-Ming Tsao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A robust CO2-based demand-controlled ventilation control strategy for multi-zone HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There have been increasingly growing concerns over the quality of the air inside buildings and the associated energy use. The CO2-based demand-controlled ventilation DCV is one of the strategies that could offer a great opportunity to reduce energy consumption in HVAC systems. However, implementing CO2-based DCV under ASHRAE Standard 62.1 2004–2010 is not simple as it was under previous versions due to the changes in breathing-zone ventilating rate calculations. Thus, this paper provides insight into the performance of a multi-zone VAV system under different operating and ventilation conditions, discusses the difficulties in the CO2-based DCV, and proposes a robust DCV strategy based on the supply air CO2 concentration. The proposed strategy offers great benefits in terms of better indoor air control and improved energy efficiency. To evaluate the proposed strategy, energy simulations were performed on various USA locations and for a typical two-story office building conditioned by a VAV system. The results show that a significant energy saving could be achieved by implementing the proposed strategy as compared to the design-occupancy ASHRAE Standard 62.1 2010 multi-zone procedure and the amount of saving that could be up to 23% depends mainly on locations and the actual occupancy profile.

Nabil Nassif

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

CleanRooms Magazine, November 2006 Development of a Fan-Filter Unit Test Standard, Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-61750 CleanRooms Magazine, November 2006 Development of a Fan-Filter Unit Test Standard and provide particle filtration control for clean environments. Much of the energy in cleanrooms (and-filter units that are typically located in the ceiling (25-100% coverage) of cleanroom controlled environments

209

Challenges and Prospects of Nanopillar-Based Solar Cells Zhiyong Fan1,2,3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

], and solar energy into electricity [20 33]. In this review article, we summarize the continuous progress own advantages and disadvantages. The device structures utilizing radial NPL junctions (i.e., coreChallenges and Prospects of Nanopillar-Based Solar Cells Zhiyong Fan1,2,3 , Daniel J. Ruebusch1

Javey, Ali

210

Performance characteristics of a low pressure cyclone for axial-flow fan exhausts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pneumatically convey lint fiber to the first-stage lint cleaner. typically, covered condenser drums with fine mesh screens are the abatement devices used on a)axial-flow fan exhausts. A new ID2D Low Pressure Cyclone (LPC) was developed that could be used...

Simpson, Shay Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

211

NATURAL HAZARDS ON ALLUVIAL FANS: THE VENEZUELA DEBRIS FLOW AND FLASH FLOOD DISASTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NATURAL HAZARDS ON ALLUVIAL FANS: THE VENEZUELA DEBRIS FLOW AND FLASH FLOOD DISASTER In December Venezuela. Rainfall on December 2-3 totaled 200 millimeters (8 inches) and was followed by a major storm, Denver, Colorado, Naples, Italy, and Vargas, Venezuela. In time scales spanning thousands of years

Eaton, L. Scott

212

Sentiment-Oriented Contextual Advertising Teng-Kai Fan Chia-Hui Chang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sentiment-Oriented Contextual Advertising Teng-Kai Fan Chia-Hui Chang Department of Computer 320, R.O.C. tengkaifan@gmail.com chia@csie.ncu.edu.tw Abstract Web advertising (Online advertising), a form of advertising that uses the World Wide Webtoattractcustomers

Chang, Chia-Hui

213

Sentiment-Oriented Contextual Advertising Teng-Kai Fan, Chia-Hui Chang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sentiment-Oriented Contextual Advertising Teng-Kai Fan, Chia-Hui Chang Department of Computer@gmail.com, chia@csie.ncu.edu.tw Abstract. Web advertising (Online advertising), a form of advertising that uses. This paper addresses the mechanism of Content- Oriented advertising (Contextual advertising), which refers

Chang, Chia-Hui

214

QPIAD: Query Processing over Incomplete Autonomous Databases Hemal Khatri Jianchun Fan Yi Chen Subbarao Kambhampati  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QPIAD: Query Processing over Incomplete Autonomous Databases Hemal Khatri Jianchun Fan Yi Chen.khatri,jcf,yi,rao}@asu.edu Abstract Incompleteness due to missing attribute values (aka "null values") is very common in autonomous missing attributes, even if they wind up being rel- evant to a user query. Ideally we would like

Chen, Yi

215

Comparison of test particle acceleration in torsional spine and fan reconnection regimes  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic reconnection is a common phenomenon taking place in astrophysical and space plasmas, especially in solar flares which are rich sources of highly energetic particles. Torsional spine and fan reconnections are important mechanisms proposed for steady-state three-dimensional null-point reconnection. By using the magnetic and electric fields for these regimes, we numerically investigate the features of test particle acceleration in both regimes with input parameters for the solar corona. By comparison, torsional spine reconnection is found to be more efficient than torsional fan reconnection in an acceleration of a proton to a high kinetic energy. A proton can gain as high as 100?MeV of relativistic kinetic energy within only a few milliseconds. Moreover, in torsional spine reconnection, an accelerated particle can escape either along the spine axis or on the fan plane depending on its injection position. However, in torsional fan reconnection, the particle is only allowed to accelerate along the spine axis. In addition, in both regimes, the particle's trajectory and final kinetic energy depend on the injection position but adopting either spatially uniform or non-uniform localized plasma resistivity does not much influence the features of trajectory.

Hosseinpour, M., E-mail: hosseinpour@tabrizu.ac.ir; Mehdizade, M.; Mohammadi, M. A. [Plasma Physics Department, University of Tabriz, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

216

Single Molecule Electrochemistry Fu-Ren F. Fan, Juhyoun Kwak, and Allen J. Bard*,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single Molecule Electrochemistry Fu-Ren F. Fan, Juhyoun Kwak, and Allen J. Bard*, Contribution from here electrochemical studies at the level of single molecules and small numbers of molecules. The detection of single molecules, their characterization, and their chemical and physical manipulation have

Kwak, Juhyoun

217

Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedures for Residential Furnaces Fans; Correction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On January 3, 2014 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) published a final rule in the Federal Register that established the test procedure for residential furnace fans. Due to drafting errors, that document inadvertently removed necessary incorporation by reference material in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). This final rule rectifies this error by once again adding the removed material.

218

L1 Adaptive Control of Hysteresis in Smart Materials Xiang Fan and Ralph C. Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L1 Adaptive Control of Hysteresis in Smart Materials Xiang Fan and Ralph C. Smith Center 27695 ABSTRACT Smart materials display coupling between electrical, magnetic, thermal and elastic inherent to smart materials presents a challenge in control of these actuators/sensors. Inverse

219

Development of models for series and parallel fan variable air volume terminal units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the series and parallel units, with coefficients varying by size and manufacturer. Statistical modeling utilized SAS software (2002). Fan power and airflow data were collected at downstream static pressures over a range from 0.1 to 0.5 in. w.g. (25 to 125 Pa...

Furr, James C., Jr

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

220

Demonstrating Energy Conversion with Piezoelectric Crystals and a Paddle Fan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple energy conversion system—particularly the conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy by using shaker flashlights—has recently been presented. 1 This system uses hand generators consisting of a magnet in a tube with a coil wrapped around it and acts as an ac source when the magnet passes back and forth through the coil. Additionally this system includes an LED a capacitor a switch and a full-wave bridge rectifier. We were inspired by this work to design a simpler demonstrator made for teaching energy conversion concepts to science students using piezoelectric material. 2 3

Prissana Rakbamrung; Chatchai Putson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Supply Fan Control for Constant Air Volume Air Handling Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since terminal boxes do not have a modulation damper in constant volume (CV) air handling unit (AHU) systems, zone reheat coils have to be modulated to maintain the space temperature with constant supply airflow. This conventional control sequence...

Cho, Y.; Wang, G.; Liu, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Jasper: the Art of Exploration in Greedy Best First Search Fan Xie and Martin Mller and Robert Holte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jasper: the Art of Exploration in Greedy Best First Search Fan Xie and Martin Müller and Robert restarts and randomization for better quality search. Jasper is a satisficing planner that builds on LAMA

Müller, Martin

223

Finding the largest low-rank clusters with Ky Fan 2-k-norm and l1-norm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 24, 2014 ... Abstract: We propose a convex optimization formulation with the Ky Fan 2-k-norm and l1-norm to fi nd k largest approximately rank-one ...

Xuan Vinh Doan

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

224

Memorandum Memorializing Ex Parte Communication, DOE impending determination of coverage for commercial and industrial fans, blowers, and fume hoods.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The meeting was requested by AMCA International to introduce the association’s leadership, standards, and experience in developing fan standards to DOE; to learn more about the DOE process for...

225

2014-09-19 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fans;NOPR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fans, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on September 19, 2014.

226

Science on Saturday attracts science fans of all ages | Princeton Plasma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science on Saturday attracts science fans of all ages Science on Saturday attracts science fans of all ages By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe January 28, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Joshua E. G. Peek, a Hubble Fellow at Columbia University's Department of Astronomy and son of PPPL physicist and former director Robert Goldston, discusses "Outer Space!" (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) Joshua E. G. Peek, a Hubble Fellow at Columbia University's Department of Astronomy and son of PPPL physicist and former director Robert Goldston, discusses "Outer Space!" Gallery: High school senior Varuni Bewtra comes to the lectures to learn about possible careers in science. (Photo by Photo by Jeanne Jackson DeVoe/PPPL Office of Communications) High school senior Varuni Bewtra comes to the lectures to learn about

227

Economic Recovery of Oil Trapped at Fan Margins Using High Angle Wells and Multiple Hydraulic Fractures  

SciTech Connect

The distal fan margin in the northeast portion of the Yowlumne field contains significant reserves but is not economical to develop using vertical wells. Numerous interbedded shales and deteriorating rock properties limit producibility. In addition, extreme depths (13,000 ft) present a challenging environment for hydraulic fracturing and artificial lift. Lastly, a mature waterflood increases risk because of the uncertainty with size and location of flood fronts. This project attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting the distal fan margin of this slope-basin clastic reservoir through the use of a high-angle well completed with multiple hydraulic-fracture treatments. The combination of a high-angle (or horizontal) well and hydraulic fracturing will allow greater pay exposure than can be achieved with conventional vertical wells while maintaining vertical communication between thin interbedded layers and the wellbore. The equivalent production rate and reserves of three vertical wells are anticipated at one-half to two-thirds the cost.

Mike L. Laue

1997-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

228

Noise of cleanroom recirculation systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recirculation air systems are used by the microelectronics industry as the primary source of unidirectional air flow in cleanrooms. The commonly used recirculation systems include: (1) packaged air handlers which include centrifugal or plug (plenum) fans generally located at fan deck level above the cleanroom; (2) fan?tower recirculation systems consisting most often of vertically mounted vaneaxial fans arranged along the cleanroom perimeter; (3) individual fan?filter units in which the HEPA or ULPA filters are combined with small direct drive blowers supported by the ceiling suspension system; and (4) minienvironments which create superclean conditions around individual tools within a less clean ‘‘ballroom.’’ In this paper the commonly used recirculation systems will be described typical sound power levels and spectrum characteristics of the systems will be presented the natural noise attenuation along the air flow paths will be listed the theoretical models for predicting noise levels in a cleanroom will be introduced and noise mitigation means which can be integrated into different systems will be discussed. Also presented will be the typical noise levels measured in operating cleanrooms.

Mei Q. Wu; Colin G. Gordon

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

A study of the design procedure and the performance characteristics of axial exhaust fans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the requirements for the degxee of %%STER OF SCIENCE IN NECHM3EEL ENGINEERIMG August, 19/9 COBTEEITS Intoroduct'o9. on o e e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ e ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 Ia Derivation of Fan Lass ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 2 XI Description of Test Apparatus . . . . . ~. . . 7 XII... by s reversible electric motor operated by a reversing motor control switch, which is conveniently located near the Inclined manometer connected, to the pitot tube which measures the static pressure inside the plenum chamber. The followiug equipment composes...

Barker, Gilbert Hamilton

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

230

Improving the Water Efficiency of Cooling Production System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For most of the time, cooling towers (CTs) of cooling systems operate under partial load conditions and by regulating the air circulation with a variable frequency drive (VFD), significant reduction in the fan power can be achieved. In Kuwait...

Maheshwari, G.; Al-Hadban, Y.; Al-Taqi, H. H.; Alasseri, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

DOE/NETL ADVANCED COMBUSTION SYSTEMS: CHEMICAL LOOPING SUMMARY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-OSU-Coal%20Direct%20Chem%20Looping.pdf. Fan, L.-S., "Chemical Looping Systems for Fossil Energy Conversions," John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, October 2010. http:...

232

Variable Speed Drive (VSD) Applications in Dual-Duct Constant Volume Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models have been developed for static pressure and potential supply fan energy savings by using variable speed drive (VSD) in dual-duct constant volume systems. Experiments have been performed using a full size dual-duct constant volume system...

Joo, I.; Liu, M.; Conger, K.; Wang, G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

2014-10-27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of proposed rulemaking regarding test procedures for ceiling fan light kits, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on October 27, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

234

2014-06-25 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnace Fans; Final Rule  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register final rule regarding energy conservation standards for furnace fans, as issued by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy on June 25, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

235

Improving Best Air Conditioner Efficiency by 20-30% through a High Efficiency Fan and Diffuser Stage Coupled with an Evaporative Condenser Pre-Cooler  

SciTech Connect

The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) conducted a research project to improve the best residential air conditioner condenser technology currently available on the market by retrofitting a commercially-available unit with both a high efficiency fan system and an evaporative pre-cooler. The objective was to integrate these two concepts to achieve an ultra-efficient residential air conditioner design. The project produced a working prototype that was 30% more efficient compared to the best currently-available technologies; the peak the energy efficiency ratio (EER) was improved by 41%. Efficiency at the Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute (ARI) standard B-condition which is used to estimate seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER), was raised from a nominal 21 Btu/Wh to 32 Btu/Wh.

Parker, Danny S; Sherwin, John R; Raustad, Richard

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

Duplex-like structures in submarine fan channels, Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas  

SciTech Connect

Submarine fan channel sequences of the Jackfork Formation (Lower Pennsylvanian) at DeGray Dam section in the Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas, contain discrete units (10-75 cm thick) with moderately dipping (25/sup 0/-40/sup 0/), sigmoidal imbricate slices. Adjacent units with opposing imbricate slices are common. The sigmoidal structures are similar in geometry to a tectonic feature known as a duplex. A tectonic origin of sigmoidal structures, however, seems unlikely because opposing directions of imbrication in adjacent units would require an unrealistic tectonic movement history for the area. The authors propose that the Jackfork sigmoidal structures were formed by a process kinematically similar to that responsible for generating duplex structures. Unlike tectonic duplexes, however, the sigmoidal structures were formed by soft-sediment deformation of sand and mud layers as high-energy sediment gravity flows glided over these layers. Sediment gravity flows, responsible for forming the sigmoidal deformation, were probably generated by slumping of adjacent channel walls. Dip direction of sigmoidal slices is perpendicular to channel axes. Thus, recognition of sigmoidal deformation structures may be useful in inferring the trend of channels in ancient submarine fan complexes.

Shanmugam, G.; Moiola, R.J.; Sales, J.K.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

In situ measurement of noise of induced?draft fans in a power plant stack  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Induced?draft fans are commonly the most annoying sources of community noise associated with fossil?fuel power plants. The low frequency tones generated by the fans are usually radiated to the community from the top of a tall stack. Measurements of the tone levels in the community are hampered by environmental effects such as strong wind and thermal gradients. Measurements within the flue gas ducting are therefore desirable. However the flue gas environment is hostile to microphones due to elevated temperatures particulates and the presence of gas flow. The interpretation of in?duct data is complicated by the possible effects of standing waves and cross modes in the duct and turbulence generated noise. The recent installation of a dissipative?reactive muffler in a coal?fired plant offered the opportunity to (1) investigate techniques for measuring noise in stacks (2) evaluate the performance of the muffler under operating conditions and (3) check the in?stack results against limited farfield data. Good agreement was obtained between reductions in tone levels measured in the stack and in the community.

A. R. Thompson; M. A. Theobald; Alex Simich

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

y 1000km of high resolution sleeve-gun array transects on the North Sza Fan, located at tbe mouth orwegian Channel, reveal three domina tyles of sedimentation within a thick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

y 1000km of high resolution sleeve-gun array transects on the North Sza Fan, located at tbe mouth the lution data across the fan other than conventional he seismic source was an arra nstruments 40 in3 sleeve-guns along the fan axis. These data were shot with the same sleeve-gun array but recorded digitally via a 144

239

Design and Experimental Validation of a Ducted Counter-rotating Axial-flow Fans System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,8 ) than the front rotor (FR) diameter to re- duce interaction between the FR tip vortex and the RR blade that the efficiency is strongly increased compared to a conventional rotor or to a rotor-stator stage. The effects a very flexible use, with a large patch of high efficient operating points in the parameter space

Boyer, Edmond

240

Improving Control of a Dual-Duct Single-Fan Variable Air Volume Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cold and hot air duct static pressure set points is presented. The paper also explores the interactions between the cold and hot deck temperatures and duct static pressures, and discusses the impact of non-ideal deck temperature settings on duct static...

Wei, G.; Martinez, J.; Minihan, T.; Brundidge, T.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Study of the Effects of Ambient Conditions Upon the Performance of Fan Powered, Infrared Natural Gas Burners  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this investigation was to characterize the operation of a fan-powered, infrared burner (IR burner) at various gas compositions and ambient conditions, develop numerical model to simulate the burner performances, and provide design guidelines for appliances containing PIR burners for satisfactory performance.

Clark Atlanta University

2002-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

242

Stimulated Emission from a Single Excited Atom in a Waveguide Eden Rephaeli1,* and Shanhui Fan2,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stimulated Emission from a Single Excited Atom in a Waveguide Eden Rephaeli1,* and Shanhui Fan2, 1; published 3 April 2012) We study stimulated emission from an excited two-level atom coupled to a waveguide by the atom, plays a very important role in stimulated emission. Additionally, the temporal duration

Fan, Shanhui

243

New Energy Efficiency Standards for Furnace Fans to Reduce Carbon Pollution, Help Americans Save on Energy Bills  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

WASHINGTON – As part of President Obama’s Climate Action Plan, the Energy Department today announced a new energy efficiency standard for furnace fans, the latest of eight finalized standards and nine proposed standards issued since the Climate Action Plan was announced last year.

244

Towards a syntactic signature for domain models: proposed descriptive metrics for visualizing the entity fan-out frequency distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objective of this paper is to find a minimal set of measures that allow the immediate, intuitive characterisation and visualization of the syntactic structure of models covering a particular application domain. The measures are validated ... Keywords: case measures, enterprise models, entity fan-out distribution, metrics, model analysis, model complexity, modelling

Jean-Paul van Belle

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Machine (PMa-SynRM) Design and Performance Analysis for Fan and Pump Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

...................................................................................................... 47 Fig 3-12: Reluctance torque generated by each rotor at rated current and maximum torque angle. ................................................................................... 48 xi Page Fig 3-13: FEA analysis field output on the PMa... PERMANENT MAGNET ASSISTED SYNCHRONOUS RELUCTANCE MACHINE (PMA-SYNRM) DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS FOR FAN AND PUMP APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by ROBERT VARTANIAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies...

Vartanian, Robert

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

246

Gas-surface scattering with multiple collisions in the physisorption potential well Guoqing Fan and J. R. Manson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas-surface scattering with multiple collisions in the physisorption potential well Guoqing Fan The problem of gas-surface collisions is developed in terms of a theoretical formalism that allows calcula gas distributions are considered, a monoenergetic incident beam and an equilibrium gas appropriate

Manson, Joseph R.

247

Inferring Air Pollution by Sniffing Social Media Shike Mei, Han Li, Jing Fan, Xiaojin Zhu and Charles R. Dyer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inferring Air Pollution by Sniffing Social Media Shike Mei, Han Li, Jing Fan, Xiaojin Zhu issue of air pollution in China and elsewhere in the world is to monitor it. While more physical prediction performance of our approach. I. INTRODUCTION Air pollution is a significant issue in China

Dyer, Charles R.

248

Near-infrared double negative metamaterials Shuang Zhang, Wenjun Fan, K. J. Malloy and S. R. J. Brueck  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-infrared double negative metamaterials Shuang Zhang, Wenjun Fan, K. J. Malloy and S. R. J and negative over an overlapping near-infrared wavelength range resulting in a low loss negative. Brueck, "Demonstration of Near-Infrared Negative-Index Materials," Postdeadline Paper at OSA Topical

New Mexico, University of

249

Influence of Tip Clearance and Inlet Flow Distortion on Ducted Fan Performance in VTOL UAVs Graduate Research Assistant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Pa) CpTotal = Total pressure coefficient = Rotational speed (radian/sec) r = Radial distance measured military tasks, they can continuously transmit surveillance data and act as a relay station. Although to study the flow characteristics of ducted fans. Abrego and Bulaga [1] performed wind tunnel tests

Camci, Cengiz

250

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: ENERPASS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENERPASS ENERPASS Detailed building energy simulation program for residential and smaller commercial buildings. ENERPASS calculates the annual energy use for space heating, cooling, lighting, water heating and fan energy. The calculations are performed on an hourly basis using hourly measured weather data. ENERPASS can model up to seven building zones and provides hourly temperature and humidity predictions for each zone. A wide range of HVAC systems can be modelled including make-up air units, heat recovery ventilators, rooftop units, VAV, four-pipe fan coil, and dual duct. The program uses full screen data entry in an easy-to-use format. A typical building model can be generated in one to two hours. In IEA validation studies ENERPASS results compare favorably with other hourly based computer

251

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: DONKEY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DONKEY DONKEY Logo for DONKEY Determines the size of a duct network using the static regain, constant pressure gradient, or balanced pressure drop method. Duct sizes can also be fixed and the program handles rectangular, round or oval ducts. DONKEY can calculate duct leakage and heat loss/gain and automatically locate balancing dampers throughout the duct system. The sound power levels throughout the entire network are calculated at each of the seven octave band frequencies from 63 to 4000 Hz taking into account self generated noise by the fan, ducts, fittings, VAV boxes, registers, grilles and the attenuation of ducts, fittings, plenums and any duct silencers specified. Account is taken of noise transmitted both from the fan down to the terminals and from the terminals back up the network.

252

Laboratory evaluation of fan/filter units' aerodynamic and energy performance  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the benefits of having a consistent testing method to characterize aerodynamic and energy performance of FFUs. It presents evaluation methods of laboratory-measured performance of ten relatively new, 1220 mm x 610 mm (or 4 ft x 2 ft) fan-filter units (FFUs), and includes results of a set of relevant metrics such as energy performance indices (EPI) based upon the sample FFUs tested. This paper concludes that there are variations in FFUs' performance, and that using a consistent testing and evaluation method can generate compatible and comparable FFU performance information. The paper also suggests that benefits and opportunities exist for our method of testing FFU energy performance to be integrated in future recommended practices.

Xu, Tengfang; Jeng, Ming-Shan

2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

253

An optical fan for light beams for high-precision optical measurements and optical switching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The polarization and orbital angular momentum properties of light are of great importance in optical science and technology in the fields of high precision optical measurements and high capacity and high speed optical communications. Here we show, a totally new method, based on a combination of these two properties and using the thermal dispersion and electro-optical effect of birefringent crystals, the construction of a simple and robust scheme to rotate a light beam like a fan. Using a computer-based digital image processing technique, we determine the temperature and the thermal dispersion difference of the crystal with high resolution. We also use the rotation phenomenon to realize thermo-optic and electro-optic switches. The basic operating principles for measurement and switching processes are presented in detail. The methods developed here will have wide practical applicability in various fields, including remote sensing, materials science and optical communication networks.

Zhou, Zhi-Yuan; Ding, Dong-Sheng; Jiang, Yun-Kun; Zhang, Wei; Shi, Shuai; Shi, Bao-Sen; Guo, Guang-Can

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

An optical fan for light beams for high-precision optical measurements and optical switching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The polarization and orbital angular momentum properties of light are of great importance in optical science and technology in the fields of high precision optical measurements and high capacity and high speed optical communications. Here we show, a totally new method, based on a combination of these two properties and using the thermal dispersion and electro-optical effect of birefringent crystals, the construction of a simple and robust scheme to rotate a light beam like a fan. Using a computer-based digital image processing technique, we determine the temperature and the thermal dispersion difference of the crystal with high resolution. We also use the rotation phenomenon to realize thermo-optic and electro-optic switches. The basic operating principles for measurement and switching processes are presented in detail. The methods developed here will have wide practical applicability in various fields, including remote sensing, materials science and optical communication networks.

Zhi-Yuan Zhou; Yan Li; Dong-Sheng Ding; Yun-Kun Jiang; Wei Zhang; Shuai Shi; Bao-Sen Shi; Guang-Can Guo

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

255

Development of a Fan-Filter Unit Test Standard, LaboratoryValidations, and its Applications across Industries  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is now finalizing the Phase 2 Research and Demonstration Project on characterizing 2-foot x 4-foot (61-cm x 122-cm) fan-filter units in the market using the first-ever standard laboratory test method developed at LBNL.[1][2][3] Fan-filter units deliver re-circulated air and provide particle filtration control for clean environments. Much of the energy in cleanrooms (and minienvironments) is consumed by 2-foot x 4-foot (61-cm x 122-cm) or 4-foot x 4-foot (122-cm x 122-cm) fan-filter units that are typically located in the ceiling (25-100% coverage) of cleanroom controlled environments. Thanks to funding support by the California Energy Commission's Industrial Program of the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program, and significant participation from manufacturers and users of fan-filter units from around the world, LBNL has developed and performed a series of standard laboratory tests and reporting on a variety of 2-foot x 4-foot (61-cm x 122-cm) fan-filter units (FFUs). Standard laboratory testing reports have been completed and reported back to anonymous individual participants in this project. To date, such reports on standard testing of FFU performance have provided rigorous and useful data for suppliers and end users to better understand, and more importantly, to quantitatively characterize performance of FFU products under a variety of operating conditions.[1] In the course of the project, the standard laboratory method previously developed at LBNL has been under continuous evaluation and update.[2][3] Based upon the updated standard, it becomes feasible for users and suppliers to characterize and evaluate energy performance of FFUs in a consistent way.

Xu, Tengfang

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

256

Basin-floor fans in the North Sea: Sequence stratigraphic models vs. sedimentary facies  

SciTech Connect

Examination of nearly 12,000 feet (3658m) of conventional core from Paleogene and Cretaceous deep-water sandstone reservoirs cored in 50 wells in 10 different areas or fields in the North Sea and adjacent regions reveals that these reservoirs are predominantly composed of mass-transport deposits, mainly sandy slumps and sandy debris flows. Sedimentary features indicating slump and debris-flow origin include sand units with sharp upper contacts; slump folds; discordant, steeply dipping layers (up to 60{degrees}); glide planes; shear zones; brecciated clasts; clastic injections; floating mudstone clasts; planar clast fabric; inverse grading of clasts; and moderate-to-high matrix content (5-30%). This model predicts that basin-floor fans are predominantly composed of sand-rich turbidites with laterally extensive, sheetlike geometries. However, calibration of sedimentary facies in our long (400-700 feet) cores with seismic and wire-line-log signatures through several of these basin-floor fans (including the Gryphon-Forth, Frigg, and Faeroe areas) shows that these features are actually composed almost exclusively of mass-transport deposits consisting mainly of slumps and debris flows. Distinguishing deposits of mass-transport processes, such as debris flows, from those of turbidity currents has important implications for predicting reservoir geometry. Debris flows, which have plastic flow rheology, can form discontinuous, disconnected sand bodies that are harder to delineate and less economical to develop than deposits of fluidal turbidity currents, which potentially produce more laterally continuous, interconnected sand bodies. Process sedimentological interpretation of conventional core is commonly critical for determining the true origin and distribution of reservoir sands.

Shanmugam, G.; Bloch, R.B. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); Mitchell, S.M. [Mobil Exploration and Producing US, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Beamish, G.W.J.; Shields, K.E. [Mobil North Sea Ltd., London (United Kingdom); Hodgkinson, R.J.; Straume, T.; Syvertsen, S.E. [Mobil Exploration Norway, Inc., Stavanger (Norway); Damuth, J.E. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Data Collection Methods for Assessing Adaptive Comfort in Mixed-Mode Buildings and Personal Comfort Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

panel,  perimeter  fan  coil  unit).  However,  "direct"  controls  (perimeter  fan  coil  units,  supplemental  

Ackerly, Katie; Brager, Gail; Arens, Ed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Design of industrial ventilation systems  

SciTech Connect

This latest edition has a title change to reflect an expansion to cover the interrelated areas of general exhaust ventilation and makeup air supply. More coverage is also given the need for energy conservation and for the physical isolation of the workspace from major contaminant generation zones. Excellent and generous illustrative matter is included. Contents, abridged are as follows: flow of fluids; air flow through hoods; pipe resistance; piping design; centrifugal exhaust fans; axial-flow fans; monitoring industrial ventilization systems; isolation; and energy conservation.

Alden, J.L.; Kane, J.M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Ventilation Systems for Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ventilation Systems for Cooling Ventilation Systems for Cooling Ventilation Systems for Cooling May 30, 2012 - 6:19pm Addthis Proper ventilation helps you save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of JD Hancock. Proper ventilation helps you save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of JD Hancock. Ventilation is the least expensive and most energy-efficient way to cool buildings. Ventilation works best when combined with methods to avoid heat buildup in your home. In some cases, natural ventilation will suffice for cooling, although it usually needs to be supplemented with spot ventilation, ceiling fans, and window fans. For large homes, homeowners might want to investigate whole house fans. Interior ventilation is ineffective in hot, humid climates where

260

Ventilation Systems for Cooling | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ventilation Systems for Cooling Ventilation Systems for Cooling Ventilation Systems for Cooling May 30, 2012 - 6:19pm Addthis Proper ventilation helps you save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of JD Hancock. Proper ventilation helps you save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of JD Hancock. Ventilation is the least expensive and most energy-efficient way to cool buildings. Ventilation works best when combined with methods to avoid heat buildup in your home. In some cases, natural ventilation will suffice for cooling, although it usually needs to be supplemented with spot ventilation, ceiling fans, and window fans. For large homes, homeowners might want to investigate whole house fans. Interior ventilation is ineffective in hot, humid climates where

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Cooling load design tool for UFAD systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ratio of time between Fan Coil Units Perimeter Zone Linearand underfloor fan coil units. cooling contribution of

Bauman, Fred; Schiavon, Stefano; Webster, Tom; Lee, Kwang Ho

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

2014-09-16 Issuance: Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans: Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans: Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document.

263

ECONOMIC RECOVERY OF OIL TRAPPED AT FAN MARGINS USING HIGH ANGLE WELLS AND MULTIPLE HYDRAULIC FRACTURES  

SciTech Connect

This project attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting thin-layered, low-energy deposits at the distal margin of a prograding turbidite complex through the use of hydraulically fractured horizontal or high-angle wells. The combination of a horizontal or high-angle well and hydraulic fracturing will allow greater pay exposure than can be achieved with conventional vertical wells while maintaining vertical communication between thin interbedded layers and the wellbore. A high-angle well will be drilled in the fan-margin portion of a slope-basin clastic reservoir and will be completed with multiple hydraulic-fracture treatments. Geologic modeling, reservoir characterization, and fine-grid reservoir simulation will be used to select the well location and orientation. Design parameters for the hydraulic-fracture treatments will be determined, in part, by fracturing an existing test well. Fracture azimuth will be predicted by passive seismic monitoring of a fracture-stimulation treatment in the test well using logging tools in an offset well.

Mike L. Laue

1998-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

264

Characterization of dynamic change of Fan-delta reservoir properties in water-drive development  

SciTech Connect

Fan-delta reservoir in Huzhuangji oil field of east China, is a typical highly heterogeneous reservoir. The oil field has been developed by water-drive for 10 years, but the oil recovery is less than 12%, and water cut is over 90%, resulting from high heterogeneity and serious dynamic change of reservoir properties. This paper aims at the study of dynamic change of reservoir properties in water-drive development. Through quantitative imaging analysis and mercury injection analysis of cores from inspection wells, the dynamic change of reservoir pore structure in water-drive development was studied. The results show that the {open_quotes}large pore channels{close_quotes} develop in distributary channel sandstone and become larger in water-drive development, resulting in more serious pore heterogeneity. Through reservoir sensitivity experiments, the rock-fluid reaction in water-drive development is studied. The results show the permeability of some distal bar sandstone and deserted channel sandstone becomes lower due to swelling of I/S clay minerals in pore throats. OD the other hand, the permeability of distributary channel and mouth bar sandstone become larger because the authigenic Koalinites in pore throats are flushed away with the increase of flow rate of injection water. Well-logging analysis of flooded reservoirs are used to study the dynamic change of reservoir properties in various flow units. The distribution of remaining oil is closely related to the types and distribution of flow units.

Wu Shenghe; Xiong Qihua; Liu Yuhong [Univ. of Petroleum Changping, Beijing (China)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Energy performance of air distribution systems part II: room air stratification full scale testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

control), one that resets supply plenum pressure set point from room temperatureControl strategy (CAV/VAV/open loop) Room setpoint Room supply air temperaturecontrol mode; i.e. , uncontrolled at a given entering airflow and supply temperature.

Webster, Tom; Lukaschek, Wolfgang; Dickeroff, Darryl; Bauman, Fred

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

ECONOMIC RECOVERY OF OIL TRAPPED AT FAN MARGINS USING HIGH ANGLE WELLS AND MULTIPLE HYDRAULIC FRACTURES  

SciTech Connect

This project attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting thin-layered, low-energy deposits at the distal margin of a prograding turbidite complex through the use of hydraulically fractured horizontal or high-angle wells. The combination of a horizontal or high-angle well and hydraulic fracturing will allow greater pay exposure than can be achieved with conventional vertical wells while maintaining vertical communication between thin interbedded layers and the wellbore. A high-angle well will be drilled in the fan-margin portion of a slope-basin clastic reservoir and will be completed with multiple hydraulic-fracture treatments. Geologic modeling, reservoir characterization, and fine-grid reservoir simulation will be used to select the well location and orientation. Design parameters for the hydraulic-fracture treatments will be determined, in part, by fracturing an existing test well. Fracture azimuth will be predicted by passive seismic monitoring of a fracture-stimulation treatment in the test well using logging tools in an offset well. The long radius, near horizontal well was drilled during the first quarter of 1996. Well conditions resulted in the 7 in. production liner sticking approximately 900 ft off bottom. Therefore, a 5 in. production liner was necessary to case this portion of the target formation. Swept-out sand intervals and a poor cement bond behind the 5 in. liner precluded two of the three originally planned hydraulic fracture treatments. As a result, all pay intervals behind the 5 in. liner were perforated and stimulated with a non-acid reactive fluid. Following a short production period, the remaining pay intervals in the well (behind the 7 in. liner) were perforated. The well was returned to production to observe production trends and pressure behavior and assess the need to stimulate the new perforations.

Mike L. Laue

2001-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

267

Uranium-series comminution ages of continental sediments: Case study of a Pleistocene alluvial fan  

SciTech Connect

Obtaining quantitative information about the timescales associated with sediment transport, storage, and deposition in continental settings is important but challenging. The uranium-series comminution age method potentially provides a universal approach for direct dating of Quaternary detrital sediments, and can also provide estimates of the sediment transport and storage timescales. (The word"comminution" means"to reduce to powder," reflecting the start of the comminution age clock as reduction of lithic parent material below a critical grain size threshold of ~;;50 mu m.) To test the comminution age method as a means to date continental sediments, we applied the method to drill-core samples of the glacially-derived Kings River Fan alluvial deposits in central California. Sediments from the 45 m core have independently-estimated depositional ages of up to ~;;800 ka, based on paleomagnetism and correlations to nearby dated sediments. We characterized sequentially-leached core samples (both bulk sediment and grain size separates) for U, Nd, and Sr isotopes, grain size, surface texture, and mineralogy. In accordance with the comminution age model, where 234U is partially lost from small sediment grains due to alpha recoil, we found that (234U/238U) activity ratios generally decrease with age, depth, and specific surface area, with depletions of up to 9percent relative to radioactive equilibrium. The resulting calculated comminution ages are reasonable, although they do not exactly match age estimates from previous studies and also depend on assumptions about 234U loss rates. The results indicate that the method may be a significant addition to the sparse set of available tools for dating detrital continental sediments, following further refinement. Improving the accuracy of the method requires more advanced models or measurements for both the recoil loss factor fa and weathering effects. We discuss several independent methods for obtaining fa on individual samples that may be useful for future studies.

Lee, Victoria E.; DePaolo, Donald J.; Christensen, John N.

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

268

Issuance 2014-11-21:Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans: Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document, Notice of Comment Period Extension  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Energy Efficiency Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans: Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document, Notice of Comment Period Extension

269

Advanced Integrated Systems Technology Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the fact that the fan coil units were undersized for thethe 11 th floor but the fan coil units were still running attype – York, variable speed fan coil unit, Tate. ? Room air

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: HAP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HAP HAP HAP logo. A versatile system design tool and an energy simulation tool in one package, Carrier�s Hourly Analysis Program (HAP) provides the ease of use of a Windows-based graphical user interface and the computing power of modern 32-bit software. HAP�s design module uses a system-based approach to HVAC load estimating. This approach tailors sizing procedures and results to the specific type of system being considered. Central AHUs, packaged rooftop units, split systems, fan coils, water source heat pumps and PTACs can easily be sized, as can CAV, VAV and multiple-zone systems. Calculation rigor and integrity are provided by the ASHRAE Transfer Function Method for calculating building heat flow. HAP�s energy analysis module performs an hour-by-hour simulation of

271

Annual Energy Consumption Analysis Report for Richland Middle School  

SciTech Connect

Richland Middle School is a single story, 90,000 square feet new school located in Richland, WA. The design team proposed four HVAC system options to serve the building. The proposed HVAC systems are listed as following: (1) 4-pipe fan coil units served by electrical chiller and gas-fired boilers, (2) Ground-source closed water loop heat pumps with water loop heat pumps with boiler and cooling tower, and (3) VAV system served by electrical chiller and gas-fired boiler. This analysis estimates the annual energy consumptions and costs of each system option, in order to provide the design team with a reasonable basis for determining which system is most life-cycle cost effective. eQuest (version 3.37), a computer-based energy simulation program that uses the DOE-2 simulation engine, was used to estimate the annual energy costs.

Liu, Bing

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

272

Risk Factors in Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning Systems for Occupant Symptoms in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cooling units (e.g. , fan coil units) in office buildingsinduction units, fan coil units, individual room packaged ACsystems, cooling tower, fan coil unit, and terminal units.

Mendell, M.J.; Lei-Gomez, Q.; Mirer, A.; Seppanen, O.; Brunner, G.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Maintenance Guide for Greenhouse Ventilation, Evaporative Cooling Heating Systems1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

condensation in winter, reduced life and reliability of ventilation equipment, and high repair bills cooling and heating systems. VENTILATION SYSTEMS The operating efficiency of a ventilation fan can be pockets of stagnant air, inadequate cooling from evaporative cooling pads, high heating expenses, heavy

Watson, Craig A.

274

VAV Reheat Versus Active Chilled Beams and DOAS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Andrey. Don’t Turn Active Beams Into Expensive Diffusers,added costs of the piping and beams for ACBs are simply too1. Simmonds, Peter. To Beam or not To Beam? , Engineered

Stein, Jeff; Taylor, Steven

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

ENERGY LEVEL SPECTROSCOPY OF A BOUND VORTEX-ANTIVORTEX PAIR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vortex- antivortex (VAV) state in an annular Josephson junction. The bound VAV pair is formed microwave spectroscopy. Keywords: Macroscopic quantum effects, long Josephson junctions, vortex­9]. Most of the studied systems, such as dc-biased Josephson junctions (JJ), supercon- ducting quantum

Wallraff, Andreas

276

Utility of Megavoltage Fan-Beam CT for Treatment Planning in a Head-And-Neck Cancer Patient with Extensive Dental Fillings Undergoing Helical Tomotherapy  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the potential utility of megavoltage fan-beam computed tomography (MV-FBCT) for treatment planning in a patient undergoing helical tomotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in the presence of extensive dental artifact. A 28-year-old female with locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma presented for radiation therapy. Due to the extensiveness of the dental artifact present in the oral cavity kV-CT scan acquired at simulation, which made treatment planning impossible on tomotherapy planning system, MV-FBCT imaging was obtained using the HI-ART tomotherapy treatment machine, with the patient in the treatment position, and this information was registered with her original kV-CT scan for the purposes of structure delineation, dose calculation, and treatment planning. To validate the feasibility of the MV-FBCT-generated treatment plan, an electron density CT phantom (model 465, Gammex Inc., Middleton, WI) was scanned using MV-FBCT to obtain CT number to density table. Additionally, both a 'cheese' phantom (which came with the tomotherapy treatment machine) with 2 inserted ion chambers and a generic phantom called Quasar phantom (Modus Medical Devices Inc., London, ON, Canada) with one inserted chamber were used to confirm dosimetric accuracy. The MV-FBCT could be used to clearly visualize anatomy in the region of the dental artifact and provide sufficient soft-tissue contrast to assist in the delineation of normal tissue structures and fat planes. With the elimination of the dental artifact, the MV-FBCT images allowed more accurate dose calculation by the tomotherapy system. It was confirmed that the phantom material density was determined correctly by the tomotherapy MV-FBCT number to density table. The ion chamber measurements agreed with the calculations from the MV-FBCT generated phantom plan within 2%. MV-FBCT may be useful in radiation treatment planning for nasopharyngeal cancer patients in the setting of extensive dental artifacts.

Yang, Claus; Liu Tianxiao; Jennelle, Richard L.; Ryu, Janice K.; Vijayakumar, Srinivasan; Purdy, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Chen, Allen M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)], E-mail: allen.chen@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: DUCTSIZE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DUCTSIZE DUCTSIZE DUCTSIZE logo. Quickly calculates optimal duct sizes using either the static regain, equal friction, or constant velocity method. Data entry can be accomplished manually or taken graphically from either Drawing Board or AutoCAD.� Duct sizes can be calculated on a round, rectangular, and flat oval basis. Noise levels and required attenuation are printed for each runout duct. A library of fan data for noise calculations is built into the program.� DUCTSIZE allows an unlimited number of duct sections, and is suitable for both constant volume and VAV systems as diversity is accounted for.�� DUCTSIZE also has an option for specifying duct height and width constraints to control sizes. This feature is also useful for analyzing problems in existing systems where the duct sizes are already specified.�

278

Modeling of Demand Side Management Options for Commercial Sector in Maharashtra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There has been an unbalance between demand and supply of electricity in Maharashtra, a shortage of 20% peak power was reported in year 2011-12. Demand side management (DSM) in the commercial sector (consuming about 12% of the state electricity) can help to bridge this gap. In this paper three DSM options namely global temperature adjustment (GTA), chilled water storage (CWS) and variable air volume system (VAVS) are evaluated to give potential energy savings and load shifting. Simulation of GTA model for a sample school building gave 21.3% saving in compressor work for a change of room settings from 23oC, 50% RH to 26oC, 40% RH. Model for CWS was simulated for an office building in Mumbai; the results showed a cooling load shifting of 1638TRh out of 2075TRh was possible with an optimum tank size of 450kl. Simulation of VAVS for a sample school building showed fan energy savings of 68% over CAVS.

Vishal Vadabhat; Rangan Banerjee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

TEMPORAL MODELING OF SLIDE CHANGE IN PRESENTATION VIDEOS Quanfu Fan (1), Arnon Amir (2), Kobus Barnard (1), Ranjini Swaminathan (1) and Alon Efrat (1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TEMPORAL MODELING OF SLIDE CHANGE IN PRESENTATION VIDEOS Quanfu Fan (1), Arnon Amir (2), Kobus develop a general framework to automatically match elec- tronic slides to the videos of corresponding video libraries. Our approach extends previous work that matches slides based on visual features alone

Barnard, Kobus

280

Reconstructing the timing of flash floods using 10Be surface exposure dating at Leidy Creek alluvial fan and valley, White Mountains, California–Nevada, USA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Large alluvial fans characterize the piedmonts of the White Mountains, California–Nevada, USA, with large boulders strewn across their surfaces. The boulders are interpreted as flash floods deposits with an unclear trigger for the transport process. Several triggers are possible, including glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs), thunderstorms or rainfall on snow cover. From a paleoenvironmental perspective, the origin of the flash floods is of fundamental importance. The alluvial fans that flank the White Mountains at Leidy Creek display particularly impressive examples of these deposits. The boulder deposits and the source catchment at Leidy Creek were examined using 10Be terrestrial cosmogenic nuclide (TCN) surface exposure dating to help elucidate their age and origin. All boulders dated on the alluvial fans date to the Holocene. This is in accordance with the geomorphic analyses of the Leidy Creek catchment and its terraces and sediment ridges, which were also dated to the Holocene using optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and 10Be surface exposure. The results suggest that the boulders on the alluvial fan were deposited by flash floods during thunderstorm events affecting the catchment of the Leidy Creek valley. Paleomonsoonal-induced mid-Holocene flash floods are the most plausible explanation for the discharges needed for these boulder aggradations, but a regional dataset is needed to confirm this explanation.

Markus Fuchs; Rebecca Reverman; Lewis A. Owen; Kurt L. Frankel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Shut Down Fans, Save $1/4 Million/Yr and Increase Airflow?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

slightly. This eliminated a small fugitive emission problem that had existed on the hoods of the scrubber system....

Martin, V.; Ohrt, H.

282

Flexibility of Commercial Building HVAC Fan as Ancillary Service for Smart Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controlled loads for load following,” in System Science (such as regulation and load following, have been formalized

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Energy performance of air distribution systems part II: room air stratification full scale testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and are connected to a fan coil unit by flexible ductwork asvariable air volume fan coil units typically used in

Webster, Tom; Lukaschek, Wolfgang; Dickeroff, Darryl; Bauman, Fred

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

STATE OF CALIFORNIA DUCT LEAKAGE TEST EXISTING DUCT SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.g., register boots, air handler, coil, plenums, etc.) if those parts are accessible and they can be sealed 2010 Outside air (OA) ducts for Central Fan Integrated (CFI) ventilation systems, shall not be sealed. Option 3. Reduce leakage by 60% or more, and conduct smoke test to seal all accessible leaks. Option 4

285

Multi-Agent Information Dependence Xiaocong Fan, Rui Wang, Bingjun Sun, Shuang Sun, John Yen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and investigate ways of using information dependence knowledge in agent teamwork settings. We also describe a tool paradigm for conceptualizing, designing, and implementing software systems, multi-agent systems have been and assessment, distributed resource planning, and collaborative information processing. In these domains

286

Uncertainties in Energy Consumption Introduced by Building Operations and Weather for a Medium-Size Office Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plug load controls, VAV min settings, supply air temperatureload controls, VAV minimum settings, supply air temperature

Wang, Liping

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Commissioning Lessons from Study of the Advanced Systems at the CMU Intelligent Workplace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The passive desiccant ventilation system was replaced by an active desiccant ventilation system during the winter of 2005. A group of fan coil units are planned for installation in the southern zone to offer additional cooling in the future. The sensible...

Claridge, D. E.; Gong, X.

288

SEEDEEP: A System for Exploring and Querying Scientific Deep Web Data Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEEDEEP: A System for Exploring and Querying Scientific Deep Web Data Sources Fan Wang Gagan that are hidden behind query forms, thus forming what is re- ferred to as the deep web. In this paper, we propose SEEDEEP, a System for Exploring and quErying scientific DEEP web data sources. SEEDEEP is able

Agrawal, Gagan

289

Economic recovery of oil trapped at fan margins using high angle wells and multiple hydraulic fractures. Annual report, September 28, 1995--September 27, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The digital fan margin in the northeast portion of the Yowlumne field contains significant reserves but is not economic to develop using verticle wells. Numerous interbedded shales and deteriorating rock properties limit producibility. In addition, extreme depths (13,000 ft) present a challenging environment for hydraulic fracturing and artificial lift. Lastly, a mature waterflood increases risk because of the uncertainty with size and location of flood fronts. This project attempts to demonstrate the effectiveness of exploiting the distal fan margin of this slope-basin clastic reservoir through the use of a high-angle well completed with multiple hydraulic-fracture treatments. The combination of a high-angle (or horizontal) well and hydraulic fracturing will allow greater pay exposure than can be achieved with conventional verticle wells while maintaining verticle communication between thin interbedded layers and the wellbore. The equivalent production rate and reserves of three verticle wells are anticipated at one-half to two-thirds the cost.

Niemeyer, B.L.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Thermal decay in underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems: Fundamentals and influence on system performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

zones. Variable-speed fan coil units ( FCU) supply air tounit (AHU) including an economizer, chilled water cooling coil, hot water heating coil and supply fan.

Lee, Kwang Ho; Schiavon, Stefano; Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Core-based evidence for sandy slump and sandy debris flow facies in the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the Gulf of Mexico: Implications for submarine fan models  

SciTech Connect

Examination of nearly 3,500 feet of conventional core from Pliocene and Pleistocene deep-water reservoirs cored in 25 wells in 8 different areas covering the eastern, central and western Gulf of Mexico reveals that the reservoirs are predominantly composed of mass-transport deposits, mainly sandy slumps and sandy debris flows (60-100% of cored intervals). Bottom-current reworked sands are common (10-50%). Of importance to existing submarine fan models is that turbidities are extremely rare (<1 % of all cores). Sedimentary features indicative of slump and debris-flow origin include sand units with sharp upper contacts, slump folds, discordant, steeply dipping layers (up to 60[degrees]), glide planes, shear zones, brecciated clasts, rafted mudstone clasts, planar clast fabric, inverse grading of clasts, and moderate-to-high matrix content (5-20 %). These reservoirs have been interpreted by others to represent turbidite-dominated basin-floor fans and slope fans of the often used sequence stratigraphic model. However, our core data do not show a dominance of turbidities. Sandy debris flows exhibit a variety of log motifs (e.g., blocky, fining-up, and coarsening-up) due to changes in concentration of midstone clasts, and a variety of internal seismic facies (e.g., parallel-continuous, irregular-discontinuous, chaotic -discontinuous, and lateral pinch out) perhaps due to changes in stacking patterns of debris flows and slumps. Classic submarine-fan models, commonly advocated for these reservoirs, may not be appropriate. We propose a slump and debris-flow, dominated slope model in which sea-floor topography and depositional freezing (i.e., plastic flows) control sand distribution and geometry. Contrary to popular belief, sandy debris flows can be thick, areally extensive, and excellent reservoirs.

Shanmugam, G. (Mobil Exploration and Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States)); Zimbrick, G. (Mobil Exploration and Producing U.S., Dallas, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Core-based evidence for sandy slump and sandy debris flow facies in the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the Gulf of Mexico: Implications for submarine fan models  

SciTech Connect

Examination of nearly 3,500 feet of conventional core from Pliocene and Pleistocene deep-water reservoirs cored in 25 wells in 8 different areas covering the eastern, central and western Gulf of Mexico reveals that the reservoirs are predominantly composed of mass-transport deposits, mainly sandy slumps and sandy debris flows (60-100% of cored intervals). Bottom-current reworked sands are common (10-50%). Of importance to existing submarine fan models is that turbidities are extremely rare (<1 % of all cores). Sedimentary features indicative of slump and debris-flow origin include sand units with sharp upper contacts, slump folds, discordant, steeply dipping layers (up to 60{degrees}), glide planes, shear zones, brecciated clasts, rafted mudstone clasts, planar clast fabric, inverse grading of clasts, and moderate-to-high matrix content (5-20 %). These reservoirs have been interpreted by others to represent turbidite-dominated basin-floor fans and slope fans of the often used sequence stratigraphic model. However, our core data do not show a dominance of turbidities. Sandy debris flows exhibit a variety of log motifs (e.g., blocky, fining-up, and coarsening-up) due to changes in concentration of midstone clasts, and a variety of internal seismic facies (e.g., parallel-continuous, irregular-discontinuous, chaotic -discontinuous, and lateral pinch out) perhaps due to changes in stacking patterns of debris flows and slumps. Classic submarine-fan models, commonly advocated for these reservoirs, may not be appropriate. We propose a slump and debris-flow, dominated slope model in which sea-floor topography and depositional freezing (i.e., plastic flows) control sand distribution and geometry. Contrary to popular belief, sandy debris flows can be thick, areally extensive, and excellent reservoirs.

Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Exploration and Producing Technical Center, Dallas, TX (United States); Zimbrick, G. [Mobil Exploration and Producing U.S., Dallas, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

293

Energy Performance Testing of Asetek's RackCDU System at NREL's High Performance Computing Data Center  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we report on the first tests of Asetek's RackCDU direct-to-chip liquid cooling system for servers at NREL's ESIF data center. The system was simple to install on the existing servers and integrated directly into the data center's existing hydronics system. The focus of this study was to explore the total cooling energy savings and potential for waste-heat recovery of this warm-water liquid cooling system. RackCDU captured up to 64% of server heat into the liquid stream at an outlet temperature of 89 degrees F, and 48% at outlet temperatures approaching 100 degrees F. This system was designed to capture heat from the CPUs only, indicating a potential for increased heat capture if memory cooling was included. Reduced temperatures inside the servers caused all fans to reduce power to the lowest possible BIOS setting, indicating further energy savings potential if additional fan control is included. Preliminary studies manually reducing fan speed (and even removing fans) validated this potential savings but could not be optimized for these working servers. The Asetek direct-to-chip liquid cooling system has been in operation with users for 16 months with no necessary maintenance and no leaks.

Sickinger, D.; Van Geet, O.; Ravenscroft, C.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

ASEAM2.1. Simplified Building Energy Analysis  

SciTech Connect

ASEAM2.1 is a modified bin temperature program for calculating the energy consumption of residential and simple commercial buildings. It can be used to evaluate the individual or combined effects of various energy design strategies. Algorithms include heating and cooling load calculations based on a methodology documented by the ASHRAE Technical Committee on Energy Calculation (TC4.7) and HVAC system and plant calculation routines with options to size heating and cooling equipment and air flows. HVAC systems are configured by selecting among the various available system types, control options, heating plants, and cooling plants. ASEAM2.1 primarily employs ASHRAE (WYEC) bin weather data; however, it is capable of alternatively using the DOD (AF88) or Battelle (TRY) bin weather data. The user can also supply as input bin weather data from other sources, if desired. Basic system types included are: a double duct or multizone unit, a terminal reheat unit, a variable air volume (VAV) system, a ceiling bypass VAV system, a variable temperature single zone system, a 2 pipe or 4 pipe fan coil system, a water/air heat pump system, and a packaged terminal air conditioner unit. In addition, ASEAM2.1 contains: baseboard heaters, a furnace system, unitary heater, and a heating and ventilation unit. Available cooling plant types are: direct expansion, centrifugal chiller, absorption chiller, district chilled water, double bundle chiller, cooling tower and reciprocating chiller. Five heating plant types are available: electric resistance, hot water or steam boiler, district steam or hot water from a central plant system, forced hot air furnace, and an air to air heat pump or double bundle chiller. Two life cycle cost programs, FBLCC and NBSLCC, developed by the National Bureau of Standards, are integrated into ASEAM2.1.

Firevoid, J.A. [W.S. Fleming and Associates, Inc., Burke, VA (United States); Willman, A.J. [ACEC Research & Management Foundation, Washington, DC (United States)

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Improving Steam System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry, Second Edition (Book) (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

Improving Steam System Performance: A Sourcebook for Industry was developed for the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Manufacturing Office (AMO), formerly the Industrial Technologies Program. AMO undertook this project as a series of sourcebook publications. Other topics in this series include: compressed air systems, pumping systems, fan systems, process heating and motor and drive systems. For more information about program resources, see AMO in the Where to Find Help section of this publication.

Not Available

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Lessons learned in modeling Underfloor Air Distribution system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UFAD variable speed fan coil units are not straightforwarda variable speed fan coil unit model object was developed inand a constant volume fan coil unit, used only for heating.

Lee, Kwang Ho; Schiavon, Stefano; Webster, Tom; Bauman, Fred; Feng, Jingjuan; Hoyt, Tyler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Task/ambient conditioning systems: Engineering and application guidelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or water-based fan coil units) at the supply outlets duringplant and not with local fan coil units. Although they arethe space. 3. Water-based fan coil units (or other means as

Bauman, Fred S P.E.; Arens, Edward A Ph.D.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Updating for Ash Cooler Fluidized Air System of a 410 t/h CFB Boiler  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents an updating scheme for ash cooler fluidized air system of a 410 t/h CFB boiler. The ash cooler fluidized air, which is originally designed, is provided by the independent configuration of two forced fans. By analyzing and studying ...

Gao Jian-qiang; Chen Hong-wei; Zhang Wei

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Effect of a Radiant Panel Cooling System on Indoor Air Quality of a Conditioned Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses the effect of a radiant cooling panel system on an indoor air quality (IAQ) of a conditioned space. In this study, ceiling radiant cooling panel, mechanical ventilation with fan coil unit (FCU) and 100% fresh air are used...

Mohamed, E.; Abdalla, K. N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Publish date: 06/27/2011 ECE 4360: Fiber Optic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Publish date: 06/27/2011 ECE 4360: Fiber Optic Systems Credit / Contact hours: 3 / 3 Course coordinator: Zhaoyang Fan Textbook(s) and/or other required material: Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications, McGraw Hill, 2000. Catalog description: Optical fibers, couplers, sources, and detectors; applications

Gelfond, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Impacts of static pressure set level on HVAC energy consumption and indoor conditions  

SciTech Connect

Air static pressure must be maintained at a certain level leaving the air-handling unit (AHU) to force a suitable amount of air through the terminal boxes. However, an excessive static pressure level is often used due to (1) lack of a control device in a constant-volume (CV) system, (2) a malfunctioning control device in a variable-air-volume (VAV) system, and (3) fear of failure to maintain room temperature. High static pressure often develops excessive damper leakage in older mixing boxes. This results in an appropriate mixing of hot and cold air for dual-duct systems, excessive reheat in single-duct systems, and an excessive amount of air entering the space. Consequently, the actual fan power and heating and cooling energy consumption all become significantly higher than the design values. Even worse, the system may not be able to maintain room conditions due to unwanted simultaneous heating and cooling and may be noisy due to the excessive static pressure. This paper proposed to control the hot duct pressure and the variable-frequency drives (VFDs) to control the fan static, i.e., the cold duct pressure for dual-duct air-handling units. Both a theoretical analysis and results from a case study are presented in this paper.

Liu, M.; Zhu, Y.; Claridge, D.E. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Energy Systems Lab.; White, E. [UTMB, Galveston, TX (United States). Energy Management Operation

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

302

Optimizing Process Loads in Industrial Cogeneration Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applied to power generation and industrial cogeneration are extended to solving this trigeneration problem where the optimum dispatch of the final load devices (i.e. compressors, fans, pumps, etc.) are an integral part of the total energy system...-04-29 Proceedings from the Seventeenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 5-6, 1995 optimum dispatch solutions, and an iterative simultaneous solution of the integrated system is required. The solution dependency arises when the end use...

Ahner, D. J.; Babson, P. E.

303

Fuel processor for fuel cell power system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalytic organic fuel processing apparatus, which can be used in a fuel cell power system, contains within a housing a catalyst chamber, a variable speed fan, and a combustion chamber. Vaporized organic fuel is circulated by the fan past the combustion chamber with which it is in indirect heat exchange relationship. The heated vaporized organic fuel enters a catalyst bed where it is converted into a desired product such as hydrogen needed to power the fuel cell. During periods of high demand, air is injected upstream of the combustion chamber and organic fuel injection means to burn with some of the organic fuel on the outside of the combustion chamber, and thus be in direct heat exchange relation with the organic fuel going into the catalyst bed.

Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM); Springer, Thomas E. (Los Alamos, NM); Huff, James R. (Los Alamos, NM)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

2014-09-16 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fans; Notice of Public Meeting and Availability of Preliminary Technical Support Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of public meeting and availability of preliminary technical support document regarding energy conservation standards for ceiling fans, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary on September 16, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

305

2014-10-27 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of public meeting and availability of the preliminary technical support document regarding energy conservation standards for ceiling fan light kits, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on October 27, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

306

2014-12-31 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Fans and Blowers; Extension of Comment Period for Notice of Data Availability  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document is a pre-publication Federal Register extension of comment period for notice of data availability regarding energy conservation standards for commercial and industrial fans and blowers, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on December 31, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

307

A Comparative Study for the Air Distribution System of a Cleanroom with  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Comparative Study for the Air Distribution System of a Cleanroom with A Comparative Study for the Air Distribution System of a Cleanroom with High Cooling Load and Airborne Molecular Sources Speaker(s): Shih-Cheng Hu Date: June 20, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Tim Xu With rapid change of production line in Taiwan IT Industries; increased productivity/flexibility in the same cleanroom space is required urgently. We have systematically compared two cleanroom ventilation systems i.e. conventional and ceiling return system. The wall return system has fixed location of Fan filter unit (FFU), return air shaft/wall and dry coiling coil. The ceiling return system with a specially designed Fan Filter Dry Coil Unit (FFDCU) installed just above a production tool with high heat/particle sources. For a wall return system, reduced flexibility and

308

Commissioning of A Large Office Building in Texas - A Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control System) programming and operation, and the installation of automatic chiller isolation valves, in addition to calibration and repair of building VAV (Variable Air Volume) boxes. In the case study building, four air-cooled chillers and two chilled...

Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Innovative, Cost Effective and Energy Efficient Desgin for New Construction at a Texas High School  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, which includes innovative dual-duct Variable Air Volume (VAV) systems for cooling and pre-treated ventilation air delivery integrated with occupancy sensors and digital controls, and optimized HVAC controls for dynamic balancing of air and hydronic sides...

Khan, S.; Bible, M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

PRECISION CURRENT SOURCE OF THE INVERTER TYPE VCH-3000-12 TO POWER MAGNETIC SYSTEMS OF ACCELERATORS AND CHARGED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRECISION CURRENT SOURCE OF THE INVERTER TYPE VCH-3000-12 TO POWER MAGNETIC SYSTEMS OF ACCELERATORS, with the help of fans placed on the front boards of the Inverter and Rectifier units. Figure 1 shows through the Inverter, Rectifier, LC filter (the resonance frequency is 800 Hz) and the correction circuit

Kozak, Victor R.

311

AN OPTIMIZED TWO-CAPACITY ADVANCED ELECTRIC HEAT PUMP S. E. Veyo, Manager, Heat Exchange Systems Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;AN OPTIMIZED TWO-CAPACITY ADVANCED ELECTRIC HEAT PUMP S. E. Veyo S. E. Veyo, Manager, Heat Exchange Systems Research Westinghouse Electric Corporation, R&D Center 1310 Beulah Road Pittsburgh, PA 15235 KEYWORDS: heat pump, air conditioner, electric, residential, energy, compressor, fan, blower, heat

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

312

Room Temperature Control During Season Switchover with Single Duct Variable Air Volume System Without Reheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of VAV boxes to maintain room temperature at their setpoints. The thermostat action is switched from direct acting (DA) to reverse acting (RA) when the season changes from fall to winter and vice versa from winter to spring, based on the out side air...

Liu, C.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Bruner, H.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Using ductwork to improve supply plenum temperature distribution in underfloor air distribution (UFAD) system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

connected with ducts to fan coil units to minimize the heatthe interior zone, plus two fan coil units. Figure 8-2 showswas used for this work. FAN COIL UNITS PERIMETER Figure 8-3

Pasut, Wilmer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

INFLUENCE OF SUPPLY AIR TEMPERATURE ON UNDERFLOOR AIR DISTRIBUTION (UFAD) SYSTEM ENERGY PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this study, perimeter fan coil unit (FCU) energy also addsvariable speed series fan coil unit. The FCU shuts off whenunit including an economizer, chilled water cooling coil, and supply fan.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Airflow regulation in variable-speed systems for residential HVAC applications  

SciTech Connect

In the majority of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, air is the final medium for adding or extracting heat from or to the space to be air conditioned. Air is heated by passing it over a heat transfer device called a coil, which is a heat exchanger with air on the outside and the primary heating/cooling medium (water, steam, electricity, refrigerant, etc.) on the inside. One of the major factors determining heat transfer is the airflow rate, which can be controlled by mechanical means or by controlling the speed of the fan. Centrifugal fans driven by single-speed induction motors traditionally have been used in the JVAC industry but have an airflow characteristic that depends on the static pressure seen by the system. Variable-speed systems are starting to emerge as a strong alternative to traditional systems because of their ability to match the demand of the air-conditioned space, resulting in higher efficiencies and higher comfort. System efficiency can be improved by constraining the range of airflows provided by the fan or blower system in response to system pressure, that is, by controlling the airflow over the heat exchanger. This paper presents a method to regulate airflow independent of the static pressure and without the need for airflow sensors.

Becerra, R.C.; Beifus, B.L. [General Electric Co., Fort Wayne, IN (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

INFLUENCE OF DESIGN AND OPERATING CONDITIONS ON UNDERFLOOR AIR DISTRIBUTION (UFAD) SYSTEM PERFORMANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

zones. Variable speed fan coil units (VSFCU) provide air tounit (AHU) including an airside economizer, a chilled water cooling coil, and a relief fan.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Simplified calculation method for design cooling loads in underfloor air distribution (UFAD) systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the outlet side of fan coil units (FCU) served by variableunit (AHU) including a return air economizer, chilled water cooling coil, hot water heating coil and supply fan.

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho; Bauman, Fred; Webster, Tom

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Numerical Analysis of Heat and Moisture Transfer in Underground Air-conditioning Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Maximize Comfort: Temperature, Humidity and IAQ Vol.I-6-3 Numerical Analysis of Heat and Moisture Transfer in Underground Air-conditioning Systems Qin Wang, Xiaoping Miao, Baoyi Cheng, Liangkai Fan EIEC, PLA...]. Youming Chen, Shengwei Wang, Ling Zhang. Application of System Identification of Hygrothermal Process in Buildings [M]. Construction and Industry Publishing Company in China, Beijing, 2004. [7]. J.R. Philip, D.A. de Vries. Moisture Movement in Porous...

Wang, Q.; Miao, X.; Cheng, B.; Fan, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study, Clifton View Homes, Coupeville, WA, Systems Home  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Case-study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready Home on Whidbey Island, WA, that scored HERS 45 without PV. This 2,908 ft2 custom/system home has a SIP roof and walls, R-20 rigid foam under slab, triple-pane windows, ground source heat pump for radiant floor heat, and a unique balanced ventilation system using separate exhaust fans to bring air into and out of home.

320

E-Print Network 3.0 - air conditioning maintenance Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Last Updated: 41702 Summary: , including refrigeration, air conditioning, heating systems, ventilating fans, roof ventilators, exhaust fans... : Use of mechanical equipment...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Hydronic Radiant Cooling Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Hydronic Radiant Cooling Systems Cooling nonresidential buildings in the U.S. contributes significantly to electrical power consumption and peak power demand. Part of the electrical energy used to cool buildings is drawn by fans transporting cool air through the ducts. The typical thermal cooling peak load component for California office buildings can be divided as follows: 31% for lighting, 13% for people, 14% for air transport, and 6% for equipment (in the graph below, these account for 62.5% of the electrical peak load, labeled "chiller"). Approximately 37% of the electrical peak power is required for air transport, and the remainder is necessary to operate the compressor. DOE-2 simulations for different California climates using the California

322

Development of Optimization Tool for Air Conditioning System Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Outside air temperature and the absolute air humidity are predicted by the Auto-regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model [1],[2]. The solar radiation on a horizontal surface... of the error margin Energy Consumption (set value A) Energy Consumption (set value B) ESL-IC-08-10-55 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 J VAV unit is also operated under...

Sumiyoshi, D.; Akashi, Y.

323

Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Evluating Through-Wall Air Transfer Fans, Pittburgh, Pennsylvania  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In this project, Building America team IBACOS performed field testing in a new construction unoccupied test house in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to evaluate HVAC distribution systems during heating, cooling, and midseason conditions.

324

SUBSURFACE VISUAL ALARM SYSTEM ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

The ''Subsurface Fire Hazard Analysis'' (CRWMS M&O 1998, page 61), and the document, ''Title III Evaluation Report for the Surface and Subsurface Communication System'', (CRWMS M&O 1999a, pages 21 and 23), both indicate the installed communication system is adequate to support Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) activities with the exception of the mine phone system for emergency notification purposes. They recommend the installation of a visual alarm system to supplement the page/party phone system The purpose of this analysis is to identify data communication highway design approaches, and provide justification for the selected or recommended alternatives for the data communication of the subsurface visual alarm system. This analysis is being prepared to document a basis for the design selection of the data communication method. This analysis will briefly describe existing data or voice communication or monitoring systems within the ESF, and look at how these may be revised or adapted to support the needed data highway of the subsurface visual alarm. system. The existing PLC communication system installed in subsurface is providing data communication for alcove No.5 ventilation fans, south portal ventilation fans, bulkhead doors and generator monitoring system. It is given that the data communication of the subsurface visual alarm system will be a digital based system. It is also given that it is most feasible to take advantage of existing systems and equipment and not consider an entirely new data communication system design and installation. The scope and primary objectives of this analysis are to: (1) Briefly review and describe existing available data communication highways or systems within the ESF. (2) Examine technical characteristics of an existing system to disqualify a design alternative is paramount in minimizing the number of and depth of a system review. (3) Apply general engineering design practices or criteria such as relative cost, and degree of difficulty and complexity in determining requirements in adapting existing data communication highways to support the subsurface visual alarm system. These requirements would include such things as added or new communication cables, added Programmable Logic Controller (PLC), Inputs and Outputs (I/O), and communication hardware components, and human machine interfaces and their software operating system. (4) Select the best data communication highway system based on this review of adapting or integrating with existing data communication systems.

D.W. Markman

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

325

U.S. DOE Motor System Market Assessment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

AMO is leading a new Motor System Market Assessment (MSMA) to better understand opportunities for energy efficiency improvement in motors and motor-driven systems, which are essential to a wide array of industrial applications. Machine driven processes such as pumps, fans, compressed air, and materials handling and processing accounted for 68% of electricity use (2,840 TBtu direct use) by U.S. manufacturing in 2010. The new assessment will document the efficiency opportunities for motors and motor driven systems and propel market uptake of best practices and technologies designed to address these opportunities.

326

Control of Noise in Power Station Cooling Tower Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power?station cooling tower systems must handle large volumes of water and air with large potential energy in the water flows and the requirement for large fans. To minimize the noise generated at power station sites use is made of efficient tower fill materials dual low?speed fans (which shifts the spectrum and lowers mid?frequency noise level) and barrier effects in tower location and orientation. Conventional noise control measures such as mufflers are avoided because of the required increase in pressure across the fan and the high initial cost for quieting large towers. The use of natural draft towers is discussed and it is shown that although the low?frequency noise may be reduced the noise levels at typical property line locations are of the same order of magnitude as that for conventional mechanical cooling towers. Since cooling towers at power stations are required as an environmental (thermal) pollution control measure a trade?off between temperature rise of local water supplies versus increases in community noise becomes a critical factor.

Lewis S. Goodfriend

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Model Predictive Control Approach to Online Computation of Demand-Side Flexibility of Commercial Buildings HVAC Systems for Supply Following  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are also equipped with variable frequency drives, which inequipped with variable frequency drive (VFD) fans areare equipped with variable frequency drive fans. Assuming

Maasoumy, Mehdi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

On the Performance of Selection Relaying Abdulkareem Adinoyi1, Yijia Fan2, Halim Yanikomeroglu1, and Vincent Poor2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada 2 Department of Electrical Engineering Princeton University-effective way of harnessing the advantages (such as diversity gains) of multi-antenna systems without, the potential diversity gains in the network will be destroyed if any of the relays attempts to fully decode its

Yanikomeroglu, Halim

329

Reservoir description of a sand-rich submarine fan complex for a steamflood project: upper Miocene Potter sandstone, North Midway Sunset field, California  

SciTech Connect

Nearly 650 m of cores from the upper Miocene Potter sandstone in Mobil's Alberta/Shale property, North Midway Sunset field, California, were examined to determine depositional facies, sand-body geometry, and reservoir quality for a proposed steamflood project. The Potter represents a sand-rich submarine fan complex with braided-channel, meandering-channel, levee, and crevasse-splay facies. The braided-channel facies (gravel and coarse sand) is thick (up to 100 m), sheetlike (> 500 m wide), and highly permeable (10,000 + md). The meandering-channel facies (coarse to medium sand) is up to 20 m thick, over 400 m long, lenticular in geometry, and exhibits an upward decrease in permeability (e.g., 9000 to 500 md) related to grain size that fines upward. The levee facies (in bioturbated sand) is up to 21 m thick, shows variable geometry, and is generally low in permeability (100-1500 md). The crevasse splay (medium sand) is up to 12 m thick, sheetlike (> 300 m wide), and shows moderately high permeability (2000-8000 md). The braided-channel facies was a product of density-modified grain flows, and the remaining three facies were deposited by turbidity currents. Steam flooding of the Potter reservoir should perform extremely well because the entire reservoir is composed of relatively clean sand and the reservoir lacks both horizontal and vertical permeability barriers.

Shanmugam, G.; Clayton, C.A.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Study of the effects of ambient conditions upon the performance of fan powered, infrared, natural gas burners. Quarterly technical progress report, September 1--September 30, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this investigation is to characterize the operation of fan powered infrared(PIR) burner at various barometric pressures (operating altitude) and gas compositions and develop design guidelines for appliances containing PIR burners for satisfactory performance. In this program, the theoretical basis for the behavior of PIR burners will be established through analysis of the combustion, heat and mass transfer, and other related processes which determine the performance of PIR burners. Based on the results of this study, a first order model of the performance of the burner, including radiant output will be developed. The model will be applied to predict the performance of the selected burner and modified through comparison with test results. Concurrently, an experimental setup will be devised and built. This experimental rig will be a modified appliance, capable of measuring the heat and combustion product output, as well as providing a means by which the radiant heat output can be measured. The burner will be selected from an existing commercial appliance, a commercial deep fat fryer, and will be of a scale that will be compatible with the laboratory facilities in the Combustion Laboratory at Clark Atlanta University. Theoretical analysis and formulation of the PIR burner performance model has been started and the development of the test facilities and experimental setup has also been initiated. These are described.

Bai, T.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

A post-occupancy monitored evaluation of the dimmable lighting, automated shading, and underfloor air distribution system in The New York Times Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underfloor variable speed fan-coil units) that serves as afor the perimeter fan-coil units (typically prescribed bycooling setpoints in the fan-coil unit controllers instead

Lee, Eleanor S.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

A Post-Occupancy Monitored Evaluation of the Dimmable Lighting, Automated Shading, and Underfloor Air Distribution System in The New York Times Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underfloor variable speed fan-coil units) that serves as afor the perimeter fan-coil units (typically prescribed bycooling setpoints in the fan-coil unit controllers instead

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Procedures and Standards for Residential Ventilation System Commissioning: An Annotated Bibliography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sound and vibration fundamentals and measurement. Concludesfan noise and vibration principle and measurement; and fan

Stratton, J. Chris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Assessment of an active dry barrier for a landfill cover system  

SciTech Connect

A dry barrier is a layer of geologic material that is dried by air flow. An active dry barrier system can be designed, installed, and operated as part of a landfill cover system. An active system uses blowers and fans to move air through a high-permeability layer within the cover system. Depending principally on the air-flow rate, it is possible for a dry barrier to remove enough water to substantially reduce the likelihood of water percolating through the cover system. If a material with a relatively great storage capacity, such as processed tuff, is used as the coarse layer, then the efficiency of the dry barrier will be increased.

Stormont, J.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ankeny, M.D.; Burkhard, M.E.; Tansey, M.K.; Kelsey, J.A. [Stephens (Daniel B.) and Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. [Conversion of methanol into hydrogen  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalytic organic fuel processing apparatus, which can be used in a fuel cell power system, contains within a housing a catalyst chamber, a variable speed fan, and a combustion chamber. Vaporized organic fuel is circulated by the fan past the combustion chamber with which it is in indirect heat exchange relationship. The heated vaporized organic fuel enters a catalyst bed where it is converted into a desired product such as hydrogen needed to power the fuel cell. During periods of high demand, air is injected upstream of the combustion chamber and organic fuel injection means to burn with some of the organic fuel on the outside of the combustion chamber, and thus be in direct heat exchange relation with the organic fuel going into the catalyst bed.

Vanderborgh, N.E.; Springer, T.E.; Huff, J.R.

1986-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

336

Thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings Thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings Title Thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-51860 Year of Publication 2003 Authors Diamond, Richard C., Craig P. Wray, Darryl J. Dickerhoff, Nance Matson, and Duo Wang Start Page Chapter Abstract Previous research suggests that HVAC thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings suffer from thermal losses, such as those caused by duct air leakage and poor duct location. Due to a lack of metrics and data showing the potentially large energy savings from reducing these losses, the California building industry has mostly overlooked energy efficiency improvements in this area. The purpose of this project is to obtain the technical knowledge needed to properly measure and understand the energy efficiency of these systems. This project has three specific objectives: to develop metrics and diagnostics for determining system efficiencies, to develop design and retrofit information that the building industry can use to improve these systems, and to determine the energy impacts associated with duct leakage airflows in an existing large commercial building. The primary outcome of this project is the confirmation that duct leakage airflows can significantly impact energy use in large commercial buildings: our measurements indicate that adding 15% duct leakage at operating conditions leads to an increase in fan power of about 25 to 35%. This finding is consistent with impacts of increased duct leakage airflows on fan power that have been predicted by previous simulations. Other project outcomes include the definition of a new metric for distribution system efficiency, the demonstration of a reliable test for determining duct leakage airflows, and the development of new techniques for duct sealing. We expect that the project outcomes will lead to new requirements for commercial thermal distribution system efficiency in future revisions of California's Title 24.

337

The influence of controlled floods on fine sediment storage in debris fan-affected canyons of the Colorado River basin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Prior to the construction of large dams on the Green and Colorado Rivers, annual floods aggraded sandbars in lateral flow-recirculation eddies with fine sediment scoured from the bed and delivered from upstream. Flows greater than normal dam operations may be used to mimic this process in an attempt to increase time-averaged sandbar size. These controlled floods may rebuild sandbars, but sediment deficit conditions downstream from the dams restrict the frequency that controlled floods produce beneficial results. Here, we integrate complimentary, long-term monitoring data sets from the Colorado River in Marble and Grand Canyons downstream from Glen Canyon dam and the Green River in the Canyon of Lodore downstream from Flaming Gorge dam. Since the mid-1990s, several controlled floods have occurred in these canyon rivers. These controlled floods scour fine sediment from the bed and build sandbars in eddies, thus increasing channel relief. These changes are short-lived, however, as interflood dam operations erode sandbars within several months to years. Controlled flood response and interflood changes in bed elevation are more variable in Marble Canyon and Grand Canyon, likely reflecting more variable fine sediment supply and stronger transience in channel bed sediment storage. Despite these differences, neither system shows a trend in fine-sediment storage during the period in which controlled floods were monitored. These results demonstrate that controlled floods build eddy sandbars and increase channel relief for short interflood periods, and this response may be typical in other dam-influenced canyon rivers. The degree to which these features persist depends on the frequency of controlled floods, but careful consideration of sediment supply is necessary to avoid increasing the long-term sediment deficit.

Erich R. Mueller; Paul E. Grams; John C. Schmidt; Joseph E. Hazel Jr.; Jason S. Alexander; Matt Kaplinski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Building HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

box, fan, and heating/cooling coils in air-handling units.fan efficiency and coil duty. In this chapter, we present a statistical approach for rooftop unit

Najafi, Massieh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Sensible and Latent Cooling Load Control Using Centrally-Ducted, Variable-Capacity Space Conditioning Systems in Low Sensible Load Environments  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensible and Latent Cooling Load Control Using Centrally-Ducted, Variable-Capacity Space Conditioning Systems in Low Sensible Load Environments James Cummings BA-PIRC; Florida Solar Energy Center Presented at BA Summer Meeting, July 26, 2012 The gist of my message * Fixed capacity AC systems generally provide good RH control in typical residences. * In low-load homes, they may be less effective in achieving good RH control. * On the other hand, variable capacity AC systems have several characteristics which can provide improved RH control in homes. - Both Nordyne and Carrier have variable capacity units, varying from about 40% to 100% of nominal full capacity. - What is variable capacity? -- condenser fan, compressor speed, and AHU fan speed. The gist, continued

340

Development of guidelines for Modeling Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD) Systems in EnergyPlus, eQUEST, and EnergyPro for use in California non-residential Building Energy Efficiency Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Auxiliaries Fans Chiller HVAC EUI(Kbtu/sf/yr) Boiler Equest_Check run_Source HVAC EUI ? kBtu/sf/yr Auxiliaries FansSensitivity_Source (IP) HVAC EUI ? kBtu/sf/yr Fans Chiller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The global distribution of large subaerial distributary fluvial systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berm ejo Salado Parana Gandak Kosi Tista Son White Nile Okavango Bolivia Brazil Bolivia Bolivia, Paraguay Paraquay, Argentina, Bolivia Argentina Argentina Argentina, Paraguay India India, Nepal India, Bangladesh India Sudan... (e. g. , the Markanda fan), and large, low-energy fans (e. g. , the Okavango fan). It should be noted that neither of the above definitions specify unique facies assemblages or fluvial regimes on the alluvial fan, nor do they include size or slope...

Gwynn, David Wilkinson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

Cooling System Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooling System Basics Cooling System Basics Cooling System Basics August 16, 2013 - 1:08pm Addthis Cooling technologies used in homes and buildings include ventilation, evaporative cooling, air conditioning, absorption cooling, and radiant cooling. Learn more about how these technologies work. Ventilation Ventilation allows air to move into and out of homes and buildings either by natural or mechanical means. Evaporative Cooling In dry climates, evaporative cooling or "swamp cooling" provides an experience like air conditioning, but with much lower energy use. An evaporative cooler uses the outside air's heat to evaporate water inside the cooler. The heat is drawn out of the air and the cooled air is blown into the space by the cooler's fan. Air Conditioning Air conditioners, which employ the same operating principles and basic

343

Cooling System Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooling System Basics Cooling System Basics Cooling System Basics August 16, 2013 - 1:08pm Addthis Cooling technologies used in homes and buildings include ventilation, evaporative cooling, air conditioning, absorption cooling, and radiant cooling. Learn more about how these technologies work. Ventilation Ventilation allows air to move into and out of homes and buildings either by natural or mechanical means. Evaporative Cooling In dry climates, evaporative cooling or "swamp cooling" provides an experience like air conditioning, but with much lower energy use. An evaporative cooler uses the outside air's heat to evaporate water inside the cooler. The heat is drawn out of the air and the cooled air is blown into the space by the cooler's fan. Air Conditioning Air conditioners, which employ the same operating principles and basic

344

Cooling system for internal combustion engines  

SciTech Connect

A cooling system for an internal combustion engine is described comprising: a head-side water jacket and a block-side water jacket made independent of each other; and a radiator and a cooling fan shared between the two water jackets. The improvement comprises: a first cooling water conduit for connecting the outlet of the head-side water jacket and the inlet of the radiator; a mixing valve having two water inlets and one water outlet; a second cooling water conduit for connecting one of the water inlets of the mixing valve and the outlet of the radiator; a third conduit for connecting the water outlet of the block-side water jacket and the remaining one of the water inlets of the mixing valve; a water pump, a fourth conduit branched midway from the second conduit and connected with the water inlet of the head-side water jacket; an auxiliary water pump; a fifth conduit branched midway from the third conduit and connected with the first conduit; one-way valve; and a control unit for controlling the mixing ratio of the mixing valve, the displacement of the auxiliary water pump and the operation of the cooling fan.

Itakura, M.

1988-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

345

Development of guidelines for Modeling Underfloor Air Distribution (UFAD) Systems in EnergyPlus, eQUEST, and EnergyPro for use in California non-residential Building Energy Efficiency Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

None  cubic  None  Fan coil Terminal units  Terminal unit unit airflow which is more consistent with how fan coils

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Panasonic Ecology Systems formerly Matsushita Ecology Systems Co | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Panasonic Ecology Systems formerly Matsushita Ecology Systems Co Panasonic Ecology Systems formerly Matsushita Ecology Systems Co Jump to: navigation, search Name Panasonic Ecology Systems (formerly Matsushita Ecology Systems Co) Place Kasugai, Aichi, Japan Zip 468-8522 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Japanese manufacturer of energy efficient residential and commercial electronic goods such as air conditioners, fans, and 'hybrid tower' which uses wind and solar power as street lights. Coordinates 35.277859°, 137.011215° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.277859,"lon":137.011215,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

347

Heat pump system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An air heating and cooling system for a building includes an expansion type refrigeration circuit and a vapor power circuit. The refrigeration circuit includes two heat exchangers, one of which is communicated with a source of indoor air from the building and the other of which is communicated with a source of air from outside the building. The vapor power circuit includes two heat exchangers, one of which is disposed in series air flow relationship with the indoor refrigeration circuit heat exchanger and the other of which is disposed in series air flow relationship with the outdoor refrigeration circuit heat exchanger. Fans powered by electricity generated by a vapor power circuit alternator circulate indoor air through the two indoor heat exchangers and circulate outside air through the two outdoor heat exchangers. The system is assembled as a single roof top unit, with a vapor power generator and turbine and compressor thermally insulated from the heat exchangers, and with the indoor heat exchangers thermally insulated from the outdoor heat exchangers.

Swenson, Paul F. (Shaker Heights, OH); Moore, Paul B. (Fedhaven, FL)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Heavy Vehicle Essential Power Systems Workshop  

SciTech Connect

Essential power is a crosscutting technology area that addresses the efficient and practical management of electrical and thermal requirements on trucks. Essential Power Systems: any function on the truck, that is not currently involved in moving the truck, and requires electrical or mechanical energy; Truck Lights; Hotel Loads (HVAC, computers, appliances, lighting, entertainment systems); Pumps, starter, compressor, fans, trailer refrigeration; Engine and fuel heating; and Operation of power lifts and pumps for bulk fluid transfer. Transition from ''belt and gear driven'' to auxiliary power generation of electricity - ''Truck Electrification'' 42 volts, DC and/ or AC; All electrically driven auxiliaries; Power on demand - manage electrical loads; Benefits include: increased fuel efficiency, reduced emission both when truck is idling and moving down the road.

Susan Rogers

2001-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

349

Ventilation System Effectiveness and Tested Indoor Air Quality Impacts  

SciTech Connect

Ventilation system effectiveness testing was conducted at two unoccupied, single-family, detached lab homes at the University of Texas - Tyler. Five ventilation system tests were conducted with various whole-building ventilation systems. Multizone fan pressurization testing characterized building and zone enclosure leakage. PFT testing showed multizone air change rates and interzonal airflow. Cumulative particle counts for six particle sizes, and formaldehyde and other Top 20 VOC concentrations were measured in multiple zones. The testing showed that single-point exhaust ventilation was inferior as a whole-house ventilation strategy. It was inferior because the source of outside air was not direct from outside, the ventilation air was not distributed, and no provision existed for air filtration. Indoor air recirculation by a central air distribution system can help improve the exhaust ventilation system by way of air mixing and filtration. In contrast, the supply and balanced ventilation systems showed that there is a significant benefit to drawing outside air from a known outside location, and filtering and distributing that air. Compared to the Exhaust systems, the CFIS and ERV systems showed better ventilation air distribution and lower concentrations of particulates, formaldehyde and other VOCs. System improvement percentages were estimated based on four System Factor Categories: Balance, Distribution, Outside Air Source, and Recirculation Filtration. Recommended System Factors could be applied to reduce ventilation fan airflow rates relative to ASHRAE Standard 62.2 to save energy and reduce moisture control risk in humid climates. HVAC energy savings were predicted to be 8-10%, or $50-$75/year.

Rudd, A.; Bergey, D.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appliance Efficient DC compatible replacement technology variable-speed compressor and fans run by brushless DC motor in place of single-speed compressors

Garbesi, Karina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

E-Print Network 3.0 - axial kinetic energy Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

axial flow fan systems. Despite... -vortex-driven flow structures to increase the energy efficiency of axial flow fan systems to provide high quality... the mean kinetic...

352

Monitoring the Energy-Use Effects of Cool Roofs on California Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volume Forced Air System Fan Coil Unit (New) Economizer DuctAir System Capacity Fan Coil Unit Economizer Duct Leakagewall mounted condensing units and fan coils in the ceiling

Akbari, Hashem; Levinson, Ronnen; Konopaki, Steve; Rainer, Leo

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

2.1E BDL Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two Pipe Fan Coil Two Pipe Induction Unit Heater ClassroomFour Pipe Fan Coil System Two Pipe Induction Unit SystemCooling Unit (User—Defined) Four Pipe Fan Coil Panel Heating

Winkelmann, F.C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Demonstration and testing of an all-electric desiccant dehumidifying system at a New Jersey supermarket  

SciTech Connect

A novel all-electric desiccant dehumidifying system was demonstrated and evaluated at a supermarket field test site in New Jersey during 1995. Unlike traditional desiccant systems, this system uses waste heat from vapor-compression refrigerating condensers to regenerate a recently developed desiccant material. The 7,000-cfm (3,300-L/s) unit has a latent capacity of approximately 7 tons (25 kW), with fan energy as the only purchased energy source. This paper discusses the performance of the desiccant system under field conditions and its interactions with the refrigerating and conventional heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. Results indicate that the system is three to four times more efficient for moisture removal than a conventional HVAC system with no deleterious effects on refrigerating system operations.

Brandemuehl, M.J. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Joint Center for Energy Management; Khattar, M.K. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

355

Evaluation of Energy Efficiency Measures in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building Prototype, Storefront Retail Building Prototype Stand-alone Retail Building Small Retail Location Hawaii West Africa Thailand various various various various Climate Zone(s) 1A 1A 1A 1A, 2A, 3B, 4A, 5A & 6A 1A, 2A, 3B, 4A, 5... External External Window-to- wall area ratio >40% 23% 31% 40%, window evenly distributed on exterior walls 35%, most windows on south and west walls 35% Various Proposed HVAC System VRV and DOAS VAV with reheat, air- cooled chillers VAV...

Zhao, Y.; Erwine, B.; Leonard, P.; Pease, B.; Dole, A.; Lee, A.

356

Commercial thermal distribution systems, Final report for CIEE/CEC  

SciTech Connect

According to the California Energy Commission (CEC 1998a), California commercial buildings account for 35% of statewide electricity consumption, and 16% of statewide gas consumption. Space conditioning accounts for roughly 16,000 GWh of electricity and 800 million therms of natural gas annually, and the vast majority of this space conditioning energy passes through thermal distribution systems in these buildings. In addition, 8600 GWh per year is consumed by fans and pumps in commercial buildings, most of which is used to move the thermal energy through these systems. Research work at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has been ongoing over the past five years to investigate the energy efficiency of these thermal distribution systems, and to explore possibilities for improving that energy efficiency. Based upon that work, annual savings estimates of 1 kWh/ft{sup 2} for light commercial buildings, and 1-2 kWh/ft{sup 2} in large commercial buildings have been developed for the particular aspects of thermal distribution system performance being addressed by this project. Those savings estimates, combined with a distribution of the building stock based upon an extensive stock characterization study (Modera et al. 1999a), and technical penetration estimates, translate into statewide saving potentials of 2000 GWh/year and 75 million thermal/year, as well as an electricity peak reduction potential of 0.7 GW. The overall goal of this research program is to provide new technology and application knowledge that will allow the design, construction, and energy services industries to reduce the energy waste associated with thermal distribution systems in California commercial buildings. The specific goals of the LBNL efforts over the past year were: (1) to advance the state of knowledge about system performance and energy losses in commercial-building thermal distribution systems; (2) to evaluate the potential of reducing thermal losses through duct sealing, duct insulation, and improved equipment sizing; and (3) to develop and evaluate innovative techniques applicable to large buildings for sealing ducts and encapsulating internal duct insulation. In the UCB fan project, the goals were: (1) to develop a protocol for testing, analyzing and diagnosing problems in large commercial building built-up air handling systems, and (2) to develop low-cost measurement techniques to improve short term monitoring practices. To meet our stated goals and objectives, this project: (1) continued to investigate and characterize the performance of thermal distribution systems in commercial buildings; (2) performed energy analyses and evaluation for duct-performance improvements for both small and large commercial buildings; (3) developed aerosol injection technologies for both duct sealing and liner encapsulation in commercial buildings; and (4) designed energy-related diagnostic protocols based on short term measurement and used a benchmarking database to compare subject systems with other measured systems for certain performance metrics. This year's efforts consisted of the following distinct tasks: performing characterization measurements for five light commercial building systems and five large-commercial-building systems; analyzing the potential for including duct performance in California's Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Non-Residential Buildings (Title 24), including performing energy and equipment sizing analyses of air distribution systems using DOE 2.1E for non-residential buildings; conducting laboratory experiments, field experiments, and modeling of new aerosol injection technologies concepts for sealing and coating, including field testing aerosol-based sealing in two large commercial buildings; improving low-cost fan monitoring techniques measurements, and disseminating fan tools by working with energy practitioners directly where possible and publishing the results of this research and the tools developed on a web-site. The final report consists of five sections listed below. Each section includes its related

Xu, Tengfang; Bechu, Olivier; Carrie, Remi; Dickerhoff, Darryl; Fisk, William; Franconi, Ellen; Kristiansen, Oyvind; Levinson, Ronnen; McWilliams, Jennifer; Wang, Duo; Modera, Mark; Webster, Tom; Ring, Erik; Zhang, Qiang; Huizenga, Charlie; Bauman, Fred; Arens, Ed

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Advanced Variable Air Volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on VAV airside system design. Total large office building energy savings of up to 12% are achievable and controls for commercial buildings and in performing peer reviews of mechanical designs of commercial was developed as part of the Integrated Energy Systems -- Productivity and Building Science project, a Public

358

Report of Energy Efficiency Study and Metering/Utilities Profile for Electricity Deregulation at Texas A&M International University (TAMIU) Laredo, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Nine double duct VAV (DDVAV) AHUs (1-15 hp, 2-25 hp, and 6-30 hp) and a make-up air unit serve the Library building. The fans are equipped with VFDs. The static pressure setpoint is maintained by modulating the VFD speed. The static pressure setpoints..., CD and preheat reset schedules. 4. Optimize the static pressure reset schedule through non-intrusive balancing. 5. Adjust room temperature setpoint and optimize the mixing box control. 6. Measure the outside air flow and optimize the temperature...

Zhu, Y.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

E-Print Network 3.0 - air-conditioning units part Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fans... : Use of mechanical equipment such as refrigeration, air conditioning, heating systems, ventilating fans... -handling units and mechanical, compressed air, and electric ......

360

Computer Modeling VRF Heat Pumps in Commercial Buildings using EnergyPlus  

SciTech Connect

Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) heat pumps are increasingly used in commercial buildings in the United States. Monitored energy use of field installations have shown, in some cases, savings exceeding 30% compared to conventional heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems. A simulation study was conducted to identify the installation or operational characteristics that lead to energy savings for VRF systems. The study used the Department of Energy EnergyPlus? building simulation software and four reference building models. Computer simulations were performed in eight U.S. climate zones. The baseline reference HVAC system incorporated packaged single-zone direct-expansion cooling with gas heating (PSZ-AC) or variable-air-volume systems (VAV with reheat). An alternate baseline HVAC system using a heat pump (PSZ-HP) was included for some buildings to directly compare gas and electric heating results. These baseline systems were compared to a VRF heat pump model to identify differences in energy use. VRF systems combine multiple indoor units with one or more outdoor unit(s). These systems move refrigerant between the outdoor and indoor units which eliminates the need for duct work in most cases. Since many applications install duct work in unconditioned spaces, this leads to installation differences between VRF systems and conventional HVAC systems. To characterize installation differences, a duct heat gain model was included to identify the energy impacts of installing ducts in unconditioned spaces. The configuration of variable refrigerant flow heat pumps will ultimately eliminate or significantly reduce energy use due to duct heat transfer. Fan energy is also studied to identify savings associated with non-ducted VRF terminal units. VRF systems incorporate a variable-speed compressor which may lead to operational differences compared to single-speed compression systems. To characterize operational differences, the computer model performance curves used to simulate cooling operation are also evaluated. The information in this paper is intended to provide a relative difference in system energy use and compare various installation practices that can impact performance. Comparative results of VRF versus conventional HVAC systems include energy use differences due to duct location, differences in fan energy when ducts are eliminated, and differences associated with electric versus fossil fuel type heating systems.

Raustad, Richard

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Lighting system combining daylight concentrators and an artificial source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combined lighting system for a building interior includes a stack of luminescent solar concentrators (LSC), an optical conduit made of preferably optical fibers for transmitting daylight from the LSC stack, a collimating lens set at an angle, a fixture for receiving the daylight at one end and for distributing the daylight as illumination inside the building, an artificial light source at the other end of the fixture for directing artifical light into the fixture for distribution as illumination inside the building, an automatic dimmer/brightener for the artificial light source, and a daylight sensor positioned near to the LSC stack for controlling the automatic dimmer/brightener in response to the daylight sensed. The system also has a reflector positioned behind the artificial light source and a fan for exhausting heated air out of the fixture during summer and for forcing heated air into the fixture for passage into the building interior during winter.

Bornstein, Jonathan G. (Miami, FL); Friedman, Peter S. (Toledo, OH)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Technical Publications by Type and Energy System | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

improvements. Available for: compressed air, fans, motors, process heating, pumps, and steam. Handbooks provide the detailed information necessary to assess and squeeze...

363

Determining Energy Use Volatility for Commercial Mortgage Valuation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

controls, VAV minimum ratio settings, and supply air temperaturecontrols, VAV minimum ratio settings, and supply air temperaturecontrol Differential Enthalpy Chilled water supply temperature

Mathew, Paul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Review of modeling methods for HVAC systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work presents the literature review of the methods used to model the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. The model development is necessary for the study of the energy consumption of HVAC systems. Models are also required to simulate the different supervisory and local loop control strategies to improve the energy consumption efficiency. HVAC systems have complex structures consisting of heat and mass transfer equipment such as chiller, boiler, heating/cooling coils, and supply air ducts. HVAC systems also consist of several sensors and controllers for regulating the controllable variables such as zone temperature, supply air temperature, supply air fan speed, duct static pressure, and chilled water temperature at their set-points. To predict the energy consumption by the HVAC systems accurately, one needs to model the individual components either from the measured data or based on the knowledge of the underlying physical phenomenon. This results in three broad classes of the models known as data driven, physics based, and grey box models. In this paper, major data driven, physics based, and grey box modeling techniques reported in the recent literature are reviewed.

Abdul Afram; Farrokh Janabi-Sharifi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Research and development of highly energy-efficient supermarket refrigeration systems. Volume 3. Evaluation of a test system in a supermarket  

SciTech Connect

This report covers in detail the engineering evaluation of a highly energy-efficient supermarket refrigeration system. The primary components of this system were a set of three unequal parallel compressors, a microprocessor-based compressor controller, and floating head pressure for condenser operation. For this evaluation, such a system - referred to here as the test system - was designed, fabricated, installed and instrumented in a supermarket operated by the H.E. Butt Grocery Co., in San Antonio, TX. A second refrigeration system - referred to here as the reference system and located in another HEB supermarket in San Antonio - was also instrumented so that comparative measurements between the two systems could be made. The major components of the reference system were two equal parallel compressors, a solid state compressor controller, and conventional head pressure control. The two systems were monitored for a period of approximately one year. The results showed that the test system produced a system EER (energy efficiency ratio) that was on the average 15.9% higher than that of the reference system. Further analysis of the performance data showed that the following parameters (presented in descending order of importance) contributed to this improvement: Operation of the test system at higher suction pressure; cycling control strategy for the test system condenser fans; fewer defrosts experienced by the test system; and operation of the test system at lower condenser pressure. Similar analyses were carried out for the power consumptions and refrigeration loads of both the test and reference systems. 9 figures, 10 tables.

Walker, D.H.; Burnett, M.; Krepchin, I.P.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Modeling the reactive inorganic solute distributions in the groundwater flow systems of the Hanford Site using inverse analytical modeling techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wallula Gap Row Sand Hallow Flows Sliver Fans Flo Ginkgo Flows Palause Falls Flow Vantage Intarbad Undifferent a e 0 s Rocky Coulee Flow Levering Flow Cohaeeet Row Unnamed Flow Birkett Flow Undifferentiated Flows McCoy Canyon Flow Unnamed... penetrate and have provided water samples for the flow systems in the Frenchman Springs and Rocky Coulee flows are: Ford, McGee, Enyeart, DB-11, RRL-2, DC-16, DC-19, DC-2, DB-15, DC-7, and DC-15. Based on the hydraulic data obtained from these wells...

Adamski, Mark Robert

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

An Evaluation of Improper Refrigerant Charge on the Performance of a Split System Air Conditioner with Capillary Tube Expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Bureau of Standards OD Outdoor room temperature ORNL Oak Ridge National Laboratory pt point TC Thermocouple Tsat Saturation temperature TXV Thermal expansion valve WB Wet bulb WG Water gauge LIST OF TABLES Table Page 3.1 Fan Specification 25 3... National Laboratory (ORNL). In a field operation of a heat pump, the charge may be reduced by leaks in the system. Attempts to compensate for lost refrigerant after the repair of leaks may result in excess charge. Tests were conducted with the heat pump...

Farzad, M.; O'Neal, D. L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Software Verification & Validation Report for the 244-AR Vault Interim Stabilization Ventilation System  

SciTech Connect

This document reports on the analysis, testing and conclusions of the software verification and validation for the 244-AR Vault Interim Stabilization ventilation system. Automation control system will use the Allen-Bradley software tools for programming and programmable logic controller (PLC) configuration. The 244-AR Interim Stabilization Ventilation System will be used to control the release of radioactive particles to the environment in the containment tent, located inside the canyon of the 244-AR facility, and to assist the waste stabilization efforts. The HVAC equipment, ducts, instruments, PLC hardware, the ladder logic executable software (documented code), and message display terminal are considered part of the temporary ventilation system. The system consists of a supply air skid, temporary ductwork (to distribute airflow), and two skid-mounted, 500-cfm exhausters connected to the east filter building and the vessel vent system. The Interim Stabilization Ventilation System is a temporary, portable ventilation system consisting of supply side and exhaust side. Air is supplied to the containment tent from an air supply skid. This skid contains a constant speed fan, a pre-filter, an electric heating coil, a cooling coil, and a constant flow device (CFD). The CFD uses a passive component that allows a constant flow of air to pass through the device. Air is drawn out of the containment tent, cells, and tanks by two 500-cfm exhauster skids running in parallel. These skids are equipped with fans, filters, stack, stack monitoring instrumentation, and a PLC for control. The 500CFM exhaust skids were fabricated and tested previously for saltwell pumping activities. The objective of the temporary ventilation system is to maintain a higher pressure to the containment tent, relative to the canyon and cell areas, to prevent contaminants from reaching the containment tent.

YEH, T.

2002-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

370

Understanding the Basics of Compressed Air Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, contaminated filters, conversion to electrically operated hoists, and the use of centrifugal fans or compressed air with pressure regulators to purge control cabinets. Finally, a review of compressor technologies with typical cfm, pressure ranges, and price...

Herron, D. J.

371

An Automated System for the Measurement of Nitrogen Oxides and Ozone Concentrations from a Passenger Aircraft:? Instrumentation and First Results of the NOXAR Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Exhaust gas from the analyzer is drawn through a thermal ozone scrubber (ECO PHYSICS) and into the vacuum pump (P1 in Figures 1 and 3). ... The individual capacity of each one of the 110 W fans (2100 m3/h in free air) is sufficient to ensure that the rack will not overheat even if the other should malfunction. ... Photolysis rates were calculated for clear-sky conditions from all daytime NO and O3 measurements at solar zenith angles <85° using the STAR (system for transfer of atmospheric radiation) model (27). ...

Peter Dias-Lalcaca; Dominik Brunner; Walter Imfeld; Werner Moser; Johannes Staehelin

1998-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

372

Opportunities, Barriers and Actions for Industrial Demand Response in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hoods Pump System Motors Reverse Osmosis Storage Fan SystemMixers Fume Hoods Reverse Osmosis Transport System Packing

McKane, Aimee T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Prototype of time digitizing system for BESIII endcap TOF upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prototype of time digitizing system for the upgrade of BESIII endcap TOF (ETOF) is introduced in this paper. The ETOF readout electronics has a formation of distributed architecture that hit signal from multi-gap resistive plate chamber (MRPC) is signaled as LVDS by front-end electronics (FEE) and sent to the back-end time digitizing system via long shield differential twisted pair cables. The ETOF digitizing system consists of 2 VME crates each of which contains modules of time digitizing, clock, trigger and fast control etc. The time digitizing module (TDIG) of this prototype can support up to 72 electrical channels of hit information measurement. The fast control (FCTL) module can operate at barrel or endcap mode. The barrel FCTL fans fast control signals from the trigger system out to endcap FCTLs, merges data from endcaps and transfers to the trigger system. Without modifying the barrel TOF structure, this time digitizing architecture benefits for improving ETOF performance without degrading barrel TOF measuring. Lab experiments show that the time resolution of this digitizing system can be less than 20ps, and the data throughput to DAQ can be about 92Mbps. Beam experiments show that the complete time resolution can be less than 45ps.

Cao Ping; Sun Wei-Jia; Ji Xiao-Lu; Fan Huan-Huan; Wang Si-Yu; Liu Shu-Bin; An Qi

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

374

Final Report: Fan Filter Unit Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

61684 61684 Demonstration of Advanced Filtration Technologies: Developing Energy-rebate Criteria through Performing Standard Laboratory Tests and Statistical Analyses Final Report (LBNL- 61684) To California Energy Commission 2007 Tengfang Xu and Duo Wang 2 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government and California Energy Commission. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor California Energy Commission, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or

375

Evaluation of the cooling fan efficiency index.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal microenvironment, Ergonomics (submitted). Sun, W. ,ISO 7726, International Standard: Ergonomics of the thermalOther factors such as ergonomics, control options, etc. ,

Schiavon, Stefano; Melikov, Arsen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Dr. Xudong (Sherman) Fan Associate Professor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ring resonator technology platform for rapid and sensitive biological and chemical sensing The optical) is a unique technology platform developed in my lab in the past four years, which integrates microfluidics and photonics. The platform has a wide spectrum of applications, ranging from low-cost, portable, sensitive

Van Veen, Barry D.

377

Experimental investigation of an aspirated fan stage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on the use of aspiration on compressor blade design. The pressure ratio can be significantly increased by controlling the development of the blade and endwall boundary layers. This concept is validated ...

Schuler, Brian Joseph, 1974-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Bayesian based design of real-time sensor systems for high-risk indoor contaminants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supply fan diagram. Variable frequency drive controls thean EMCS. Commonly, a variable frequency drive controls theis controlled using a variable frequency drive (VFD) that is

Sreedharan, Priya

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Performance prediction for short plant length systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plant length dependent performance is commonly observed when performing feedforward active noise control for broadband disturbances. This is primarily due to high levels of low?frequency noise and limited coherence between input and error sensors. These types of systems present trade?offs in choosing between performance output power requirements and plant length. An additional design opportunity exists in terms of balancing the levels of cancellation achieved over frequency. The selection of an error signal emphasis filter determining the frequency dependence of the cost function being minimized by the controller adaptation can be of critical importance. While several explanations for this type of behavior have been offered little work has been presented for quantifying performance limitations. A method based on calculation of Lagrange multipliers is presented for determining the optimal power limited solution of an FIR filter?based controller. This provides a useful tool for predicting the effects of emphasis filter design actuator limitations and plant length on performance. This prediction method and the associated trade?offs are illustrated using data from an HVAC fan.

Steven R. Popovich

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Regulation study for the facility control system design at the Facility Operations Center at TA55  

SciTech Connect

NMT-8 is proposing to upgrade the existing Facility Control System (FCS) located within the Facility Operations Center (FOC) at the TA-55 Plutonium Processing and Handling Facility (PPHF). The FCS modifications will upgrade the existing electronics to provide better reliability of system functions. Changes include replacement of the FCS computers and field multiplex units which are used for transmitting systems data. Data collected at the FCS include temperature, pressure, contact closures, etc., and are used for monitoring and/or control of key systems at TA-55. Monitoring is provided for the electrical power system status, PF-4 HVAC air balance status (Static Differential pressure), HVAC fan system status, site chill water return temperature, fire system information, and radioactive constant air monitors alarm information, site compressed air pressure and other key systems used at TA-55. Control output signals are provided for PF-4 HVAC systems, and selected alarms for criticality, fire, loss of pressure in confinement systems. A detailed description of the FCS modifications is provided in Section 2.

NONE

1994-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: VentAir 62  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VentAir 62 VentAir 62 VentAir 62 logo. A ventilation airflow calculator that allows easy, accurate compliance with ASHRAE Standard 62-89. The program automates the cumbersome calculations presented by the Standard's Equation 6-1. The Windows-based program helps building designers design multiple-space ventilation systems that meet the requirements of the Standard. This tool analyzes space and system information from the VAV terminal and air handler unit schedules, calculates ventilation airflow requirements (space minimums and system-level required minimum), and provides additional or revised information for the VAV and AHU schedules. Keywords ventilation design, ASHRAE Standard 62 Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Knowledge of ASHRAE Standard 62 requirements and ventilation design.

382

Advanced Controls for Residential Whole-House Ventilation Systems  

SciTech Connect

Whole-house ventilation systems are becoming commonplace in new construction, remodeling/renovation, and weatherization projects, driven by combinations of specific requirements for indoor air quality (IAQ), health and compliance with standards, such as ASHRAE 62.2. Ventilation systems incur an energy penalty on the home via fan power used to drive the airflow, and the additional space-conditioning load associated with heating or cooling the ventilation air. Finding a balance between IAQ and energy use is important if homes are to be adequately ventilated while not increasing the energy burden. This study used computer simulations to examine RIVEC the Residential Integrated Ventilation Controller - a prototype ventilation controller that aims to deliver whole-house ventilation rates that comply with ventilation standards, for the minimum use of energy. Four different whole-house ventilation systems were simulated, both with and without RIVEC, so that the energy and IAQ results could be compared. Simulations were conducted for 13 US climate zones, three house designs, and three envelope leakage values. The results showed that the RIVEC controller could typically return ventilation energy savings greater than 40percent without compromising long-term chronic or short-term acute exposures to relevant indoor contaminants. Critical and average peak power loads were also reduced as a consequence of using RIVEC.

Turner, William; Walker, Iain; Sherman, Max

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Assessment of propfan propulsion systems for reduced environmental impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current aircraft engine designs tend towards higher bypass ratio, low-speed fan designs for improved fuel burn, reduced emissions and noise. Alternative propulsion concepts include counter-rotating propfans (CRPs) which ...

Peters, Andreas, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Air-Cooled Condensers in Next-Generation Conversion Systems Geothermal Lab  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Air-Cooled Condensers in Next-Generation Conversion Systems Geothermal Lab Air-Cooled Condensers in Next-Generation Conversion Systems Geothermal Lab Call Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Air-Cooled Condensers in Next-Generation Conversion Systems Project Type / Topic 1 Laboratory Call for Submission of Applications for Research, Development and Analysis of Geothermal Technologies Project Type / Topic 2 Air-Cooling Project Description As the geothermal industry moves to use geothermal resources that are more expensive to develop, there will be increased incentive to use more efficient power plants. Because of increasing demand on finite supplies of water, this next generation of more efficient plants will likely need to reject heat sensibly to the ambient (air-cooling). This will be especially true in western states having higher grade Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) resources, as well as most hydrothermal resources. If one had a choice, an evaporative heat rejection system would be selected because it would provide both cost and performance advantages. The evaporative system, however, consumes a significant amount of water during heat rejection that would require makeup. Though they use no water, air-cooling systems have higher capital costs, reduced power output (heat is rejected at a higher temperature), lower power sales due to higher parasitics (fan power), and greater variability in power output (because of large variation in the dry-bulb temperature).

385

Library System Library System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Library System #12;Library System 5150 Anthony Wayne Drive David Adamany Undergraduate Library that for the current fiscal year, we've been given an additional $600,000 for our library materials budget. We're very subscriptions. The Wayne State University Libraries are deeply committed to providing our faculty and students

Cinabro, David

386

Seismic mapping of alluvial fans and sub-fan bedrock in Big Bend National Park, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Layered Models Anomalous Time-Distance Plots Error Analysis Geologic Interpretations of Results CONCLUSIONS RECOMMENDATIONS REFERENCES ~ APPENDIX VITA 7 8 10 11 16 16 18 23 29 32 32 45 47 50 52 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 1 Ground...-water resource investigation study area Big Bend National Park, Texas 2 Location of seismic surveys within the Big Bend study area 3 Comparison of seismic surveys to driller's logs 12 4 Hypothetical three-layer case with dipping layers 20 5 Representative...

Monti, Joseph

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

On Target: A Complicated and Successful Energy Retrofit Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, using single effect absorption chillers, a 2-pipe hydronic exterior zone system with nearly 600 air induction units, and "state of the art" variable air volume (VAV) technology was installed in the North and South buildings in 1949. During mid 1960.... The plant then consisted of four absorption chillers of 1367 tons on a primary chillwater loop with seven separate secondary loops serving the various zones in the Park St., West, North, and South buildings, and approximately 1700 tons of cooling tower...

Kimball, M. A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

An energy efficiency guide for use in cleanroom programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MUA Fan Power System Pressure Drop Coil Face Velocity UnitsFan Power System Pressure Drop Air Velocity across filters and coil in air handler Pressurization Cooling Load Units

Tschudi, Bill; Xu, Tengfang; Sartor, Dale

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Mid-continent rift system: a frontier hydrocarbon province  

SciTech Connect

The Mid-continent rift system can be traced by the Mid-continent geophysical anomaly (MGA) from the surface exposure of the Keweenawan Supergroup in the Lake Superior basin southwest in the subsurface through Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas. Outcrop and well penetrations of the late rift Keweenawan sedimentary rocks reveal sediments reflecting a characteristic early continental rift clastic sequence, including alluvial fans, deep organic-rich basins, and prograding fluvial plains. Sedimentary basins where these early rift sediments are preserved can be located by upward continuation of the aeromagnetic profiles across the rift trend and by gravity models. Studies of analog continental rifts and aulacogens show that these gravity models should incorporate (1) a deep mafic rift pillow body to create the narrow gravity high of the MGA, and (2) anomalously thick crust to account for the more regional gravity low. Preserved accumulations of rift clastics in central rift positions can then be modeled to explain the small scale notches which are found within the narrow gravity high. Indigenous oil in Keweenawan sediments in the outcrop area and coaly partings in the subsurface penetrations of the Keweenawan clastics support the analogy between these rift sediments and the exceptionally organic-rich sediments of the East African rift. COCORP data across the rift trend in Kansas show layered deep reflectors and large structures. There is demonstrable source, reservoir, and trap potential within the Keweenawan trend, making the Mid-Continent rift system a frontier hydrocarbon province.

Lee, C.K.; Kerr, S.D. Jr.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Mid-Continent rift system: a frontier hydrocarbon province  

SciTech Connect

The Mid-Continent rift system can be traced by the Mid-Continent geophysical anomaly (MGA) from the surface exposure of the Keweenawan Supergroup in the Lake Superior basin southwest in the subsurface through Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas. Outcrop and well penetrations of the late rift Keweenawan sedimentary rocks reveal sediments reflecting a characteristic early continental rift clastic sequence, including alluvial fans, deep organic-rich basins, and prograding fluvial plains. Sedimentary basins where these early rift sediments are preserved can be located by upward continuation of the aeromagnetic profiles across the rift trend and by gravity models. Studies of analog continental rifts and aulacogens show that these gravity models should incorporate (1) a deep mafic rift pillow body to create the narrow gravity high of the MGA, and (2) anomalously thick crust to account for the more regional gravity low. Preserved accumulations of rift clastics in central rift positions can then be modeled to explain the small scale notches which are found within the narrow gravity high. Indigenous oil in Keweenawan sediments in the outcrop area and coaly partings in the subsurface penetrations of the Keweenawan clastics support the analogy between these rift sediments and the exceptionally organic-rich sediments of the East African rift. COCORP data across the rift trend in Kansas show layered deep reflectors and large structures. There is demonstrable source, reservoir, and trap potential within the Keweenawan trend, making the Mid-Continent rift system a frontier hydrocarbon province.

Lee, C.K.; Kerr, S.D. Jr.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Dakota Electric Association - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Dakota Electric Association - Commercial and Industrial Energy Dakota Electric Association - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Dakota Electric Association - Commercial and Industrial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Water Heating Maximum Rebate $100,000 Building Measures: 50% of project cost up to $20,000 Central Air Conditioning: $1,500 Compressed Air Evaluation: $2,000 - $15,000 depending on HP Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC Chillers: $10 - $20/Ton, plus $2/ton, per 0.1 above base efficiency Cooling Towers: $3/nominal tower ton Air Handling Systems (VAV): $170/VAV Box

392

Buildings Energy Data Book: 9.4 High Performance Buildings  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Case Study, The Thermal Test Facility, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado (Office/Laboratory) Building Design Floor Area: 10,000 SF Floors(1): 2 Aspect Ratio: 1.75 Offices Laboratories Conference Room Mechanical Level Shell Windows Material U-factor SHGC(2) Viewing Windows: Double Pane, Grey Tint, Low-e 0.42 0.44 Clerestory Windows: Double Pane, Clear, Low-e 0.45 0.65 Window Area(SF) North 38 South(3) 1,134 East 56 West 56 Wall/Roof Material Effective R-Value North Wall Concrete Slab/Rigid Polystyrene 5.0 South/East/West Steel Studs/Batt Insulation/Concrete 23.0 Roof: Built-up/Polyisocianurate Covering/Steel Supports 23.0 HVAC VAV air handling unit Hot water supply paralell VAV boxes Direct and Indirect evaporative cooling system Single zone roof top unit(4) Hot Water Coil(4)

393

Metering Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A variety of metering systems are currently on the market for Federal facility implementation. The information below outlines common metering system capabilities and common metering system components.

394

Application of a solar desiccant/collector system for water recovery from atmospheric air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An integrated desiccant/solar collector system for production of fresh water from atmospheric air is described. The solar driven system provided about 1.5 l of fresh water per square meter per day. The system involves the absorption of water vapor from ambient air during the night and simultaneous desiccant regeneration and water vapor condensation during the day. To enhance the mass transfer surface, a thick corrugated layer of cloth was used as a bed to carry the liquid absorbent. In the nocturnal phase of operation, air is allowed to penetrate the desiccant bed. The airflow is driven by fans supported on one side of the desiccant/solar collector unit. In this study, the effects of different parameters on the absorption and regeneration processes are discussed, and operational conditions for the proposed equipment evaluated. Radiation intensity, ambient temperature, bed temperature and temperature of the glass surface were recorded. Also, the productivity of the system during the day and under the given operation conditions was plotted. A mathematical model was prepared and its output compared with the analyzed experimental data.

H.E Gad; A.M Hamed; I.I El-Sharkawy

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

A computer simulation appraisal of non-residential low energy cooling systems in California  

SciTech Connect

An appraisal of the potential performance of different Low Energy Cooling (LEC) systems in nonresidential buildings in California is being conducted using computer simulation. The paper presents results from the first phase of the study, which addressed the systems that can be modeled, with the DOE-2.1E simulation program. The following LEC technologies were simulated as variants of a conventional variable-air-volume system with vapor compression cooling and mixing ventilation in the occupied spaces: Air-side indirect and indirect/direct evaporative pre-cooling. Cool beams. Displacement ventilation. Results are presented for four populous climates, represented by Oakland, Sacramento, Pasadena and San Diego. The greatest energy savings are obtained from a combination of displacement ventilation and air-side indirect/direct evaporative pre-cooling. Cool beam systems have the lowest peak demand but do not reduce energy consumption significantly because the reduction in fan energy is offse t by a reduction in air-side free cooling. Overall, the results indicate significant opportunities for LEC technologies to reduce energy consumption and demand in nonresidential new construction and retrofit.

Bourassa, Norman; Haves, Philip; Huang, Joe

2002-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

396

An experimental study of heat pipe thermal management system with wet cooling method for lithium ion batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An effective battery thermal management (BTM) system is required for lithium-ion batteries to ensure a desirable operating temperature range with minimal temperature gradient, and thus to guarantee their high efficiency, long lifetime and great safety. In this paper, a heat pipe and wet cooling combined BTM system is developed to handle the thermal surge of lithium-ion batteries during high rate operations. The proposed BTM system relies on ultra-thin heat pipes which can efficiently transfer the heat from the battery sides to the cooling ends where the water evaporation process can rapidly dissipate the heat. Two sized battery packs, 3 Ah and 8 Ah, with different lengths of cooling ends are used and tested through a series high-intensity discharges in this study to examine the cooling effects of the combined BTM system, and its performance is compared with other four types of heat pipe involved BTM systems and natural convection cooling method. A combination of natural convection, fan cooling and wet cooling methods is also introduced to the heat pipe BTM system, which is able to control the temperature of battery pack in an appropriate temperature range with the minimum cost of energy and water spray.

Rui Zhao; Junjie Gu; Jie Liu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Performance of an experimental ground-coupled heat pump system for heating, cooling and domestic hot-water operation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) system is a type of renewable energy technology providing space heating and cooling as well as domestic hot water. However, experimental studies on GCHP systems are still insufficient. This paper first presents an energy-operational optimisation device for a GCHP system involving insertion of a buffer tank between the heat pump unit and fan coil units and consumer supply using quantitative adjustment with a variable speed circulating pump. Then, the experimental measurements are used to test the performance of the GCHP system in different operating modes. The main performance parameters (energy efficiency and CO2 emissions) are obtained for one month of operation using both classical and optimised adjustment of the GCHP system, and a comparative analysis of these performances is performed. In addition, using TRNSYS (Transient Systems Simulation) software, two simulation models of thermal energy consumption in heating, cooling and domestic hot-water operation are developed. Finally, the simulations obtained using TRNSYS are analysed and compared to experimental data, resulting in good agreement and thus the simulation models are validated.

Calin Sebarchievici; Ioan Sarbu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Computer System,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

undergraduate summer institute http:institutes.lanl.govistisummer-school 2015 Computer System, Cluster, and Networking Summer Institute Purpose The Computer System,...

399

Solar heating, cooling, and domestic hot water system installed at Kaw Valley State Bank and Trust Company, Topeka, Kansas. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The building has approximately 5600 square feet of conditioned space. Solar energy is used for space heating, space cooling, and preheating domestic hot water (DHW). The solar energy system has an array of evacuated tube-type collectors with an area of 1068 square feet. A 50/50 solution of ethylene glycol and water is the transfer medium that delivers solar energy to a tube-in-shell heat exchanger that in turn delivers solar-heated water to a 1100 gallon pressurized hot water storage tank. When solar energy is insufficient to satisfy the space heating and/or cooling demand, a natural gas-fired boiler provides auxiliary energy to the fan coil loops and/or the absorption chillers. Extracts from the site files, specification references, drawings, and installation, operation and maintenance instructions are included.

None

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Modelica-based Modeling and Simulation to Support Research and Development in Building Energy and Control Systems  

SciTech Connect

Traditional building simulation programs possess attributes that make them difficult to use for the design and analysis of building energy and control systems and for the support of model-based research and development of systems that may not already be implemented in these programs. This article presents characteristic features of such applications, and it shows how equation-based object-oriented modelling can meet requirements that arise in such applications. Next, the implementation of an open-source component model library for building energy systems is presented. The library has been developed using the equation-based object-oriented Modelica modelling language. Technical challenges of modelling and simulating such systems are discussed. Research needs are presented to make this technology accessible to user groups that have more stringent requirements with respect to the numerical robustness of simulation than a research community may have. Two examples are presented in which models from the here described library were used. The first example describes the design of a controller for a nonlinear model of a heating coil using model reduction and frequency domain analysis. The second example describes the tuning of control parameters for a static pressure reset controller of a variable air volume flow system. The tuning has been done by solving a non-convex optimization problem that minimizes fan energy subject to state constraints.

Wetter, Michael

2009-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Systems Synthesis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synthesis. Integration, and Control System synthesis, integration, and control requires creativity and a broad vision of the big picture of the system to be able to select the best...

402

File Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

File Systems File Systems File Systems For a general description of the different file systems available on PDSF please see Eliza File Systems and Other File Systems. Below is a summary of how STAR uses the various systems: /common The STAR software is installed on /common. For 32sl44 it is under /common/star/star44 and for sl53 it is under /common/star/star53. In both cases the software consists primarily of a STAR-specific ROOT installation on which releases of the STAR libraries are built as shown on the Local STAR Libraries page. /eliza3, /eliza6, /eliza9, /eliza14, /eliza15, /eliza17 STAR has space on 6 elizas as shown in the table below. File System star space (TB) use eliza3 39 production eliza6 9 production eliza9 39 production eliza14 34 production, user space under /eliza14/star/pwg

403

An accounting system for the city of College Station  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ars set u for eaoh fund to meot its indivWual needs, its moot the preeanb neo&a of the Oity of College Station? four eaperato fan&a bmvs been eot np, A general ftm& hae been arrange& to provi&e for the general nativities of tho oitg? The revenue... for sash fan& may be obtains&, Sinus the mater an& sleotrioity ars purahase&, the primary faaotion of these &apartments is the distribution of these, servioss. The sources oi' their revenue srs ths sale of Chess servioss, Ca, pine fess, and other...

Axley, Branch L

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

404

Advanced Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Systems: Advanced Systems: high Performance fenestration systems Research areas: Research activities to improve the performance of windows and other fenestration products must address window systems issues as well as Glazing Materials research. LBNL activities in the area of Advanced Systems include research at both the product level and the building envelope and building systems levels. Highly insulating windows - using non structural center layers Lower cost solutions to more insulating three layer glazing systems, with the potential to turn windows in U.S. heating dominated residential applications into net-energy gainers. Highly Insulating Window Frames In collaboration with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, we are researching the potentials for highly insulating window frames. Our initial work examines European frames with reported U-factors under 0.15 Btu/hr-ft2-F. Future research aims to analyze these designs, verify these performance levels and ensure that procedures used to calculate frame performance are accurate.

405

Design and test results of a low-capacity solar cooling system in Alicante (Spain)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite its attractiveness, solar cooling technology is still in an early stage of development. Most installations currently in operation show differences in the collector area per kilowatt of cooling capacity that cannot be explained only by project-specific circumstances. The purpose of this paper was twofold. First, to answer some questions that came up during the design process of the plant by using a TRNSYS system model and statistical tools. Second, to gain knowledge about the plant operation and validate the TRNSYS model through measured data. The system was equipped with a flat-plate collector field of 38.4 m2. A lithium bromide-water single-effect absorption chiller (17.6 kW) was selected in order to provide chilled water to fan-coils. Performance data were registered at the solar plant working with a 1000-l heat storage tank and a required temperature of 80 °C to drive the absorption machine. An average of 29% of the solar energy incident on the solar collectors’ surface was transferred to the hot water storage. The registered average COP of the absorption chiller was 0.691. The performance data were compared with the values predicted by the TRNSYS plant model and a high level of agreement was obtained.

Pedro J. Martínez; José C. Martínez; Manuel Lucas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microfluidic Systems Integrated Microfluidic Systems** Rustem F. Ismagilov* Keywords: analytical methods · enzymes · microfluidics · microreactors · protein structures Microfluidic systems use networks of channels thinner than a human hair to manipulate nanoliter volumes of re- agents. The goal of microfluidics

Ismagilov, Rustem F.

407

Screening system and method of using same  

SciTech Connect

An integrated apparatus and method for screening an object for a target material is provided. The integrated apparatus comprises a housing and an integrated screener. The housing is positionable adjacent the object, and has a channel therethrough. The integrated screener is positionable in the housing, and comprises a fan, at least one filter, a heater and an analyzer. The fan is for drawing air carrying particles and vapor through the channel of the housing. The filter(s) is/are positionable in the channel of the housing for passage of the air therethrough. The filter(s) comprise(s) at least one metal foam having a plurality of pores therein for collecting and adsorbing a sample from the particles and vapor passing therethrough. The heater is for applying heat to the at least one metal foam whereby the collected sample is desorbed from the metal foam. The analyzer detects the target material from the desorbed sample.

Jones, David A; Gresham, Christopher A; Basiliere, Marc L; Spates, James J; Rodacy, Philip J

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Carbon Systems  

SciTech Connect

The electronic states of a 'quantum dot-graphene monolayer-SiO{sub 2} + n{sup +}-Si substrate' system in an external magnetic field are studied. An analytical expression for charge transfer in this system is obtained. The electronic states of a 'quantum dot-graphene bilayer-SiO{sub 2} + n{sup +}-Si substrate' system are considered. The systems under study are interesting from the viewpoint of controlling the optical properties of a quantum dot by means of an applied electric field.

Alisultanov, Z. Z., E-mail: zaur0102@gmail.com [Russian Academy of Sciences, Prokhorov General Physics Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

Muon systems  

SciTech Connect

The designs of both the GEM and SDC muon systems an the technological choices are reviewed. In particular, the chamber options for the detectors are discussed.

Bensinger, J.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

AN ELECTROMAGNETIC PNEUMO CAPSULE SYSTEM FOR CONVEYING MINERALS AND MINE WASTES  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project is to investigate the technical and economic feasibility of using a new and advanced pneumatic capsule pipeline (PCP) system for transporting minerals and mine wastes. The new system is different from conventional PCPs in two main respects: (1) it uses linear induction motors (LIMs) instead of blowers (fans) at the inlet of the pipeline to drive (pump) the capsules and the air through the pipeline; and (2) the capsules in the PCP have steel wheels running on steel rails as opposed to capsules in conventional systems, which use wheels with rubber tires running inside a pipe without rail. The advantage of using LIM pump instead of blower is that the former is non-intrusive and hence does not block the passage of capsules, enabling the system to run continuously without having to make the capsules bypass the pump. This not only simplifies the system but also enables the system to achieve much larger cargo throughput than that of PCPs using blowers, and use of LIMs as booster pumps which enables the system to have any length or to be used for transporting cargoes over practically any distance, say even one thousand kilometers or miles. An advantage of using steel wheels rolling on steel rails instead of using rubber tires rolling inside a pipeline is that the rolling friction coefficient and hence the use of energy is greatly reduced from that of conventional PCP systems. Moreover, rails enable easy control of capsule motion, such as switching capsules to a branch line by using railroad switching equipment. The advanced PCP system studied under this project uses rectangular conduits instead of circular pipe, having cross-sectional areas of 1 m by 1 m approximately. The system can be used for various transportation distances, and it can transport up to 50 million tonnes (metric tons) of cargo annually--the throughput of the largest mines in the world. Both an aboveground and an underground system were investigated and compared. The technical feasibility of this new PCP system was determined by designing the details of the system and conducting a detail analysis of the system--both steady and unsteady analyses. Through the detailed design and analyses, it was found that no technical problem or hurdle exist that would otherwise prevent commercial use of the system today. Still, since it is a new technology, it will be prudent and advantageous to run a demonstration project before this technology is used.

Henry Liu; Charles W. Lenau

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Power system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power system includes a prime mover, a transmission, and a fluid coupler having a selectively engageable lockup clutch. The fluid coupler may be drivingly connected between the prime mover and the transmission. Additionally, the power system may include a motor/generator drivingly connected to at least one of the prime mover and the transmission. The power-system may also include power-system controls configured to execute a control method. The control method may include selecting one of a plurality of modes of operation of the power system. Additionally, the control method may include controlling the operating state of the lockup clutch dependent upon the mode of operation selected. The control method may also include controlling the operating state of the motor/generator dependent upon the mode of operation selected.

Hickam, Christopher Dale (Glasford, IL)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

412

New Jersey: Reducing Energy Bills for Camden's Families | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

system. Technicians inject airborne particles into the HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) duct system. Before the injections, technicians block furnaces, fans,...

413

Energy Use Loss and Opportunities Analysis: U.S. Manufacturing & Mining  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The focus of this study is on energy systems (steam generators, power systems, fired heaters, heat exchangers, compressors, pumps, fans) used across the industrial sector.

414

Duct Leakage Modeling in EnergyPlus and Analysis of Energy Savings from Implementing SAV with InCITeTM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of static pressure reset on HVAC system thermalHVAC control system varies the supply fan airflow to maintain a constant duct static pressure

Wray, Craig

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Operations and Maintenance | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Operations and Maintenance Operations and Maintenance Federal facilities rely on pumps, motors, fans, and other mechanical systems for everyday operations. These systems must be...

416

Operations and Maintenance | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operations and Maintenance Operations and Maintenance Federal facilities rely on pumps, motors, fans, and other mechanical systems for everyday operations. These systems...

417

Performance of solar assisted heatpump systems in residential applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this experimental study, several solar-assisted heating and cooling configurations have beenconsidered for a basic system comprised of a two-speed heat pump, photovoltaic (PV) arrays, solar thermal collectors, and thermal storage. The objective of the study was to determine the performance of the PV arrays at decreased insolation, the effects of air preheat by solar thermal energy on heat pump operation, and cooling system performance under two different configurations. During the entire operation, the PV arrays converted 4.7 per cent (9.5 MWh) of the incident solar insolation to d.c. power, of which 54.6 per cent was used by the residence. This contributed 23.4 per cent of the total house electrical demand. The remaining 45.4 per cent of the output was fed to the utility, indicating the arrays and the heat pump were not properly sized with each other. Based on results from the winter heating operation, it is shown that for the particular heating system consdered, the best performance is attained when the solar heating is used alone. By using the heat pump as a booster, the remaining available solar energy left in the storage tank can be used with good seasonal performance factor. Summer cooling operation consisted of two sequential cooling configurations. In the first cooling test, the heat pump was operated to either the house or storage when the PV array generation level was greater than the energy demand of the heat pump and associated equipment. When the array output level was less than the cooling system demand, the operating strategy was that of an off-peak cooling operation to chill the water storage. Utilization of chilled water storage was not realized in the first cooling test because of the inherent inefficient design of the Tri-X coil. The capacity at low-speed heat pump operation was too small to effect significant cooling of the water loop; whereas high-speed heat pump operation in attempting to chill water (fan operation absent) caused frosting of the coil. The heat pump was utilized only to maintain chilled water storage in the second cooling test, without heat transfer through the Tri-X coil. Cooling system performance obtained in cooling test 2 using the Ametex exchanger was considerably improved over the test 2 performance with the Tri-X coil.

S. Kugle; S. Green; A. Haji-Sheikh; D.Y.S. Lou

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

telecommunications system management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Communications system management applied to telecommunications systems, facilities, equipment, and components. See communications system , comm...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

liquefied   natural  gas  (LNG)  from  Pacific  Rim  potential   impacts  of  using  LNG  with  the  existing  performance  impacts  of  LNG  use  in  California.  

Singer, Brett C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

WAN and FAN Technologies for the Smart Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power lines, particularly high-voltage (HV) transmission lines, have been in use ... , they were used for voice communication between substation personnel. In the latter half of the ... also used for low-data-rat...

Kenneth C. Budka; Jayant G. Deshpande…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Experimental Evaluation of Installed Cooking Exhaust Fan Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

air  quality,  kitchen,  oven,  nitrogen  dioxide,  pollutant   emissions,  range  hood,  residential,  source  control,  

Singer, Brett C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Ex Parte discussion of commercial fan and blower rulemaking  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On November 3rd, Jordan Doria, Manager of Stakeholder Engagement, Ingersoll Rand, convened a teleconference with John Cymbalsky and Daniel Cohen of DOE.

423

Potential Global Benefits of Improved Ceiling Fan Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2011). ENERGY STAR Unit Shipment and Market Penetration2012c. ENERGY STAR Unit Shipment and Market Penetration7 and Figure 8 show ENERGY STAR market data for qualifying

Sathaye, Nakul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Potential Global Benefits of Improved Ceiling Fan Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Products/BUENAS.aspx electricity are cost effective. 5 CCEkWh whereas the cost of electricity is typically greaterthe global energy Cost of electricity(CCE) for consumers is

Sathaye, Nakul

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Nr. 184 / 2011 // 24. Oktober 2011 Erfolgreicher FAN-Abschluss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

von Stoffdatenmodellen auf dem Gebiet des Organic Rankine Cycle mit dem VDI-Preis ausgezeichnet. Dipl

Ullmann, G. Matthias

426

Fermilab Muon Ring Arrives to a Large Crowd of Fans  

SciTech Connect

A very large group of people gathered to watch the muon g-2 ring on its last leg of the big move from Brookhaven National Laboratory in Long Island, NY to Fermilab in Batavia, IL.

None

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

SiGeCSi superlattice microcoolers Xiaofeng Fan,a)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stabilization of microelectronic and optoelectronic devices. SiGeC can be lattice matched to Si and optoelectronic devices, but their pro- cessing is a bulk technology and is incompatible with inte- grated circuit fabrication process. Solid-state coolers mono- lithically integrated with microelectronic and optoelectronic

428

Pure physics research spawns unimaginable industries On the fan trail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a problem of great global significance, namely climate change. "Just as pure physics research has spawned unimaginable industries in the past, I think this may well happen again with respect to climate change," says which had rapidly become the preferred method for manufacturing transistors on silicon. Bill's company

Auckland, University of

429

RESEARCH ARTICLE Jing Fan Jiping He Stephen I. Helms Tillery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) provides a hint at how interrelated these independent processes might be, as does the dependence of humeral

Crawford, Doug

430

User manual for GEOCITY: a computer model for cost analysis of geothermal district-heating-and-cooling systems. Volume I. Main text  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this model is to calculate the costs of residential space heating, space cooling, and sanitary water heating or process heating (cooling) using geothermal energy from a hydrothermal reservoir. The model can calculate geothermal heating and cooling costs for residential developments, a multi-district city, or a point demand such as an industrial factory or commercial building. GEOCITY simulates the complete geothermal heating and cooling system, which consists of two principal parts: the reservoir and fluid transmission system and the distribution system. The reservoir and fluid transmission submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of thermal energy supplied to the distribution system by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the exploration, development, and operation of the reservoir and fluid transmission system. The distribution system submodel calculates the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) delivered by the distribution system to the end-users by simulating the technical design and cash flows for the construction and operation of the distribution system. Geothermal space heating is assumed to be provided by circulating hot water through radiators, convectors, fan-coil units, or other in-house heating systems. Geothermal process heating is provided by directly using the hot water or by circulating it through a process heat exchanger. Geothermal space or process cooling is simulated by circulating hot water through lithium bromide/water absorption chillers located at each building. Retrofit costs for both heating and cooling applications can be input by the user. The life-cycle cost of thermal energy from the reservoir and fluid transmission system to the distribution system and the life-cycle cost of heat (chill) to the end-users are calculated using discounted cash flow analysis.

Huber, H.D.; Fassbender, L.L.; Bloomster, C.H.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Cost Analysis Procedures for Use in Promoting Fine Filtration Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications. As can be seen in Figure 9, the axial flow fan is distinguished by a drooping BHP curve that has maximum horsepower at no flow or closed-off conditions. The axial fan SP curve exhibits an area of extreme instability to the left of the ?hump... procedures. This example also assumes that the fan inlet and outlet connections are aerodynamically designed. Fans are sensitive to abrupt changes in airflow directly adjacent to the fan inlet or outlet. The effects of abrupt changes and other ?system...

Renfert, David A.

2006-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

432

LRRB Pavement Management Systems Pavement Management Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LRRB Pavement Management Systems Pavement Management Systems Presented by: Michael Marti SRF for implementing and monitoring research results (RIC) #12;LRRB Pavement Management Systems LRRB Structure LRRB Current Pavement Management System Used ICON (Goodpointe) Year of Pavement Management System

Minnesota, University of

433

Diagnosis of Effectiveness of HVAC System and Energy Performance of Osaka-Gas Building through Retro-Commissioning Part 1 Outline of HVAC Systems and Diagnosis of Energy Efficiency of Air Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-22b AC-22a AC-22b INV Output 97% (58.2Hz) 84% (50.4Hz) 70% (40.8Hz) Air volume at the outlet duct 87,848 m3/h 56,968 m3/h 42,635 m3/h Power consumption 70.0kW 46.8kW 20.6kW Outlet static pressure 854Pa 798Pa 802Pa 5F MD... 2013 Note 1: Circles (?) in Figure 6.1 represent operating points of the fans alone. Triangles (?) represent operating air volumes calculated based on the fan’s static pressure. Note 2: Numbers in boxes ??? represent air volume measurement...

Hatanaka,T.; Aoki,K; Matsuda, N.; Yamaha,M.; Tanaka,H.; Nakahara,N.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Natural System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural System Natural System Evaluation and Tool Development - FY11 Progress Report Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition Program Yifeng Wang (SNL) Michael Simpson (INL) Scott Painter (LANL) Hui-Hai Liu (LBNL) Annie B. Kersting (LLNL) July 15, 2011 FCRD-USED-2011-000223 UFD Natural System Evaluation - FY11 Year-End Report July 15, 2011 2 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe

435

Lighting Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Purple LED lamp Purple LED lamp Lighting Systems Lighting research is aimed at improving the energy efficiency of lighting systems in buildings and homes across the nation. The goal is to reduce lighting energy consumption by 50% over twenty years by improving the efficiency of light sources, and controlling and delivering illumination so that it is available, where and when needed, and at the required intensity. Research falls into four main areas: Sources and Ballasts, Light Distribution Systems, Controls and Communications, and Human Factors. Contacts Francis Rubinstein FMRubinstein@lbl.gov (510) 486-4096 Links Lighting Research Group Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Applications Commercial Buildings Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Demand Response Energy Efficiency Program and Market Trends

436

Performance of a concentrated photovoltaic energy system with static linear Fresnel lenses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new type of greenhouse with linear Fresnel lenses in the cover performing as a concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) system is presented. The CPV system retains all direct solar radiation, while diffuse solar radiation passes through and enters into the greenhouse cultivation system. The removal of all direct radiation will block up to 77% of the solar energy from entering the greenhouse in summer, reducing the required cooling capacity by about a factor 4. This drastically reduce the need for cooling in the summer and reduce the use of screens or lime coating to reflect or block radiation. All of the direct radiation is concentrated by a factor of 25 on a photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) module and converted to electrical and thermal (hot water) energy. The PV/T module is kept in position by a tracking system based on two electric motors and steel cables. The energy consumption of the tracking system, ca. 0.51 W m?2, is less than 2% of the generated electric power yield. A peak power of 38 W m?2 electrical output was measured at 792 W m?2 incoming radiation and a peak power of 170 W m?2 thermal output was measured at 630 W m?2 incoming radiation of. Incoming direct radiation resulted in a thermal yield of 56% and an electric yield of 11%: a combined efficiency of 67%. The annual electrical energy production of the prototype system is estimated to be 29 kW h m?2 and the thermal yield at 518 MJ m?2. The collected thermal energy can be stored and used for winter heating. The generated electrical energy can be supplied to the grid, extra cooling with a pad and fan system and/or a desalination system. The obtained results show a promising system for the lighting and temperature control of a greenhouse system and building roofs, providing simultaneous electricity and heat. It is shown that the energy contribution is sufficient for the heating demand of well-isolated greenhouses located in north European countries.

P.J. Sonneveld; G.L.A.M. Swinkels; B.A.J. van Tuijl; H.J.J. Janssen; J. Campen; G.P.A. Bot

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Furnace Fans Furnace Fans Sign up for e-mail updates on regulations for this and other products Currently there are no energy conservation standards for residential furnace fans. A furnace fan is an electrically-powered device used in residential central heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems for the purposes of circulating air through duct work. A furnace fan consists of a fan motor and its controls, a centrifugal impeller, and sheet metal housing. The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting an energy conservation standard rulemaking for furnace fans. If any standard is established, its benefits will be explained in the final rule. Recent Updates | Standards | Test Procedures | Waiver, Exception, and Exemption Information | Statutory Authority | Historical Information | Contact Information

438

System Verification II Systems Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in safety critical systems to prevent unsafe values, e.g. high doses of radiation. Remember: not just should be able to: Explain the role & practice of debugging in the software process. Describe in detail the purpose, scope of, and activities comprising each of the three main phases of software testing. Conduct

Bryson, Joanna J.

439

Gasification Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GASIFICATION SYSTEMS GASIFICATION SYSTEMS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PLAN PREFACE ii DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any

440

Gasification system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for injecting coal and process fluids into a fluidized bed gasification reactor. Three concentric tubes extend vertically upward into the fluidized bed. Coal particulates in a transport gas are injected through an inner tube, and an oxygen rich mixture of oxygen and steam are injected through an inner annulus about the inner tube. A gaseous medium relatively lean in oxygen content, such as steam, is injected through an annulus surrounding the inner annulus.

Haldipur, Gaurang B. (Hempfield, PA); Anderson, Richard G. (Penn Hills, PA); Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Gasification system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for injecting coal and process fluids into a fluidized bed gasification reactor. Three concentric tubes extend vertically upward into the fluidized bed. Coal particulates in a transport gas are injected through an inner tube, and an oxygen rich mixture of oxygen and steam are injected through an inner annulus about the inner tube. A gaseous medium relatively lean in oxygen content, such as steam, is injected through an annulus surrounding the inner annulus.

Haldipur, Gaurang B. (Hempfield, PA); Anderson, Richard G. (Penn Hills, PA); Cherish, Peter (Bethel Park, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Report of Energy Efficiency Study and Metering/Utilities Profile for Electricity Deregulation at Texas A&M University – Kingsville (TAMU–K) Kingsville, Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

temperature was 53?F. Room thermostats control the terminal reheat boxes. The SDCV units serve the 3rd floor with room temperatures of 67?F. For the DDVAV units, the static pressure setpoint was 2" and 2.4" with VAV control provided through inlet vanes... which provide chilled water (ChW) through two separate primary loops to the campus. The current ChW capacity for both energy plants is 4200 tons. The HVAC systems in most buildings are controlled by pneumatic controllers. Only one building was controlled...

Zhu, Y.; Bryant, J.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Integrated System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Window System Our research activities in the field of high performance windows have led us to conclude that even by using high performance insulating glass units, low conductivity frames, and warm edge spacers, there are still untapped sources for improving energy efficiency in the design and use of residential windows. While such high performance windows are a dramatic improvement over conventional units, they do not reduce conductive losses through wall framing around the window, offer guarantees against excessive wall/window infiltration nor do they adapt to the daily and seasonal potentials for night insulation and summer shading. To meet this need, we have been working on the design, development, and prototyping of Integrated Window Systems (IWS) since 1993. Integrated Window Systems are a form of panelized construction where the wall panel includes an operable or fixed window sash, recessed night insulation, integral solar shading, and is built in a factory setting in order to minimize thermal short circuits and infiltration at joints. IWSs can be built in modular lengths to facilitate their installation with conventional wood frame stick construction or other forms of panelized construction.

444

Advanced Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optimal gap width for double and triple glazing systems Optimal gap width for double and triple glazing systems Glazing systems in the US are commonly designed with a 1/2 " (12.7 mm) gap. The optimal gap width depends on many factors, such as gas fill (air, argon, krypton), the use of Low-e coatings, the environmental conditions (temperature difference across the window), and the calculation standard used. NFRC standard conditions are -18 C (-0.4 F) outside, and 21 C (69.8 F) inside. The calculation standard used in the US is based on the ISO 15099 standard. European standard conditions are 0 C (32 F) outside, and 20 C (68 F) inside. The calculation standard is based on the EN 673 standard. A number of common glazing configurations both with and without Low-e coatings, and with a variety of gas fills were evaluated using both the North American NFRC standard and the European EN 673 standard. All results were calculated using WINDOW 6.3 from LBNL. All IGU's (Insulated Glazing Units) have a standard height of 1 meter.

445

Solutions of the k?p Hamiltonian in confined systems with a highly nonparabolic dispersion and consequences for AlAs quantum wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present two methods to deal with quantum confinement in systems with a camel’s back dispersion. The two-band Hamiltonian for AlAs X states is solved both by analytical and transfer-matrix methods. The latter offers a general yet relatively simple and flexible way to deal with all types of potential profile. We calculate energy spectra and wave functions for single GaAs/AlAs/GaAs quantum wells and discuss the implications of our results on ?-XZ mixing. We also determine the Landau level fan for AlAs systems with the magnetic field perpendicular to the camel’s back axis. In both cases, we find the confined energies and wave functions to be greatly affected by the k?p interaction. We also show that the well-known type I–type II transition for GaAs/AlAs superlattices is modeled correctly by taking the k?p interaction into account, and that previous effective mass treatments are not reliable. In addition, the crossover from XZ to XX,Y ground states in AlAs confined systems is reevaluated.

Laura E. Bremme and P. C. Klipstein

2002-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

446

NETL: Coal Gasification Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Gasification Systems News Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International Activity Program Plan...

447

Systems and Industry Analyses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

systems and industry analyses News Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International Activity Program...

448

Power Systems Engineering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and distribution systems; steam, water, fuel, and environmental monitoring systems; alternative energy systems; reliability, availability, and maintainability assessments;...

449

Gasification Systems Project Portfolio  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2014 Gasification Systems Project Portfolio News Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International...

450

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage Title Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage Publication Type Conference Proceedings Refereed Designation Refereed LBNL Report Number LBNL-6127E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Mammoli, Andrea, Michael Stadler, Nicholas DeForest, Hans Barsun, Richard Burnett, and Chris Marnay Conference Name 3rd International Conference on Microgeneration and Related Technologies Date Published 04/2013 Conference Location Naples, Italy Keywords absorption cooling, mixed integer programming, optimisation, software-as-a-service, thermal storage Abstract The UNM Mechanical Engineering HVAC system incorporates cooling assisted by a 232 m2 solar thermal array providing heat to a 70 kWthermal absorption chiller. A 30 m3 heat storage tank solar decouples heat production and absorption cooling. Additionally, 350 m3 of chilled water storage shifts the cooling electrical load of this high desert location off-peak. While this system already provides substantial energy and cost savings compared to similar conventional buildings, there are still opportunities for improvement. Absorption cooling (augmented by an electrically powered central cooling loop) suffers from parasitic electric loads from a cooling tower pump, a cooling tower fan, and hot and chilled water circulation pumps. Moreover, depending on seasonal, weather, occupancy, and cost conditions, the cold storage tanks may only need partial charging to meet the next day's net building load, and losses need to be considered. Optimally operating this complex thermal-electrical system poses a challenging mathematical problem. A model of the system was built on LBNL's Distributed Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM) platform. A direct interface between the building energy control system, and DER-CAM hosted on LBNL's server was developed. This interface delivers daily scheduling based on weather forecasts, tariffs, etc., to the building controller. It is found that energy cost savings can be proportionally substantial (almost 30%) - although in this case the payback period for system implementation is long, due to the very low energy consumption of the building. Also, it is found that accurate weather forecasting is a key ingredient of the optimization, although local biases can be corrected for in the optimization.

451

Bearing system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A bearing system includes backup bearings for supporting a rotating shaft upon failure of primary bearings. In the preferred embodiment, the backup bearings are rolling element bearings having their rolling elements disposed out of contact with their associated respective inner races during normal functioning of the primary bearings. Displacement detection sensors are provided for detecting displacement of the shaft upon failure of the primary bearings. Upon detection of the failure of the primary bearings, the rolling elements and inner races of the backup bearings are brought into mutual contact by axial displacement of the shaft.

Kapich, Davorin D. (Carlsbad, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Case Study - The Challenge: Improving the Performance of a Waste...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

variable frequency drives (VFDs) were installed on the induced draft fans of three boiler systems. As a result of the retrofit, facility energy consumption was reduced by more...

453

EIS-0288; Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Production...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

emission releases are controlled by using a ventilation system consisting of gas decay tanks, filter components, and related piping, ductwork, valves, and fans. The main sources...

454

Replacement, Variable-Speed Motors for Furnaces, Syracuse, New...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

replace- ment for PSC motors in many homes. To date, CARB has upgraded six systems with Concept 3 motors. Upgrading a fan motor is usually very straightforward. Once...

455

Specialist Qualification Training (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

This DOE Industrial Technologies Program fact sheet describes DOE's Specialist Qualification Training for experts in industrial compressed air, fan, pump, steam, and process heating systems.

Not Available

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

NCCC at the PSDF Draft EA 5-21-2014  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from site water cooling facilities and induced draft fan cooling systems. Current wastewater treatment operations at PSDF include water collection by drainage from bermed areas,...

457

Microsoft Word - HVAC_20100824.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

air-handling units, exhaust fans, and HEPA filters and design specifications to allow for remote operation. The system design comprises approximately 70 drawings, which are...

458

Demonstration of Rack-Mounted Computer Equipment Cooling Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

control system did not provide a constant water supply temperaturesupply relative to the return temperature) when the fan-coil unit control

Coles, Henry

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Email stever@abacusrm.com rons@abacusrm.com Company Airclean Technologies Expertise Pumps, fans, and motor systems. Pulp & paper, petroleum, cement, steel, wastewater, wood...

460

Advanced Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glazing Systems Glazing Systems Using Non-Structural Center Glazing Layers Windows in the United States use aproximately 2 quads a year in heating energy, approximately one third of all building space heating energy used and the largest single end use attributed to windows. Even if all existing windows were replaced with todayÂ’s ENERGY STAR low-e products (U values < 0.35 Btu/hr-ft2-F), windows related heating would still be over 1 Quad. Because heating loads are strongly tied to conductive losses, technologies which lead to lower window U-factors are the key to reducing heating energy. A 0.1 Btu/hr-ft2-F window is targeted as a product, which will meet the requirements of zero-energy homes. Dynamic control of solar gains will further reduce heating needs by allowing winter solar heat gains to be effectively utilized while limiting cooling season gains. Significant cooling load savings can also be expected from lower U-factor windows in certain climates and from dynamic windows in all climates.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

2.1E BDL Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AIR SYSTEM-FANS SYSTEM-EQUIPMENT HEAT-SOURCE ZONE-HEAT-SOURCE BASEBOARD-SOURCE HUMIDIFIER-TYPE SIZING-RATIO SIZING-OPTION HEAT-PUMPAIR SYSTEM-FANS SYSTEM-EQUIPMENT HEAT-SOURCE EVAP-PCC-EFF EVAP-PCC-SCH BASEBOARD-SOURCE SIZING-RATIO PLANT-ASSIGNMENT ELECTRIC (HEAT-PUMP

Winkelmann, F.C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Residential commissioning to assess envelope and HVAC system performance  

SciTech Connect

Houses do not perform optimally or even as many codes and forecasts predict. For example, Walker et al. (1998a) found large variations in thermal distribution system efficiency, as much as a factor of two even between side-by-side houses with the same system design and installation crew. This and other studies (e.g., Jump et al. 1996) indicate that duct leakage testing and sealing can readily achieve a 25 to 30% reduction in installed cooling capacity and energy consumption. As another example, consider that the building industry has recognized for at least 20 years the substantial impact that envelope airtightness has on thermal loads, energy use, comfort, and indoor air quality. However, Walker et al. (1998a) found 50% variances in airtightness for houses with the same design and construction crews, within the same subdivision. A substantial reason for these problems is that few houses are now built or retrofitted using formal design procedures, most are field assembled from a large number of components, and there is no consistent process to identify problems or to correct them. Solving the problems requires field performance evaluations of houses using appropriate and agreed upon procedures. Many procedural elements already exist in a fragmented environment; some are ready now to be integrated into a new process called residential commissioning (Wray et al. 2000). For example, California's Title 24 energy code already provides some commissioning elements for evaluating the energy performance of new houses. A house consists of components and systems that need to be commissioned, such as building envelopes, air distribution systems, cooling equipment, heat pumps, combustion appliances, controls, and other electrical appliances. For simplicity and practicality, these components and systems are usually evaluated individually, but we need to bear in mind that many of them interact. Therefore, commissioning must not only identify the energy and non-energy benefits associated with improving the performance of a component, it must also indicate how individual components interact in the complete building system. For this paper, we limit our discussion to diagnostics in areas of particular concern with significant interactions: envelope and HVAC systems. These areas include insulation quality, windows, airtightness, envelope moisture, fan and duct system airflows, duct leakage, cooling equipment charge, and combustion appliance backdrafting with spillage. The remainder of this paper first describes what residential commissioning is, its characteristic elements, and how one might structure its process. Subsequent sections describe a consolidated set of practical diagnostics that the building industry can use now. Where possible, we also discuss the accuracy and usability of these diagnostics, based on recent laboratory work and field studies. We conclude by describing areas in need of research and development, such as practical field diagnostics for envelope thermal conductance and combustion safety. There are several potential benefits for builders, consumers, code officials, utilities, and energy planners of commissioning houses using a consistent set of validated methods. Builders and/or commissioning agents will be able to optimize system performance and reduce consumer costs associated with building energy use. Consumers will be more likely to get what they paid for and builders can show they delivered what was expected. Code officials will be better able to enforce existing and future energy codes. As energy reduction measures are more effectively incorporated into the housing stock, utilities and energy planners will benefit through greater confidence in predicting demand and greater assurance that demand reductions will actually occur. Performance improvements will also reduce emissions from electricity generating plants and residential combustion equipment. Research to characterize these benefits is underway.

Wray, Craig P.; Sherman, Max H.

2001-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

463

Ignition system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an ignition system of an internal combustion engine which consists of: a permanent magnet supported by a rotary member of the engine adapted to rotate in synchronism with a rotary shaft of the engine; a generating coil for generating an electromotive force to produce an electric current as the permanent magnet acts on the generating coil during the rotation of the rotary member; an ignition capacitor charged by the electric current generated by the generating coil; a thyristor caused to turn on by a counter electromotive force generated by the generating coil to thereby cause the ignition capacitor to begin to discharge; and an ignition coil generating a high voltage as the ignition capacitor begins to discharge, to cause a spark discharge to take place in an ignition plug of the internal combustion engine.

Kondo, T.; Ohno, S.

1986-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

464

Electric utility engineer`s FGD manual -- Volume 2: Major mechanical equipment; FGD proposal evaluations; Use of FGDPRISM in FGD system modification, proposal, evaluation, and design; FGD system case study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Part 2 of this manual provides the electric utility engineer with detailed technical information on some of the major mechanical equipment used in the FGD system. The objectives of Part 2 are the following: to provide the electric utility engineer with information on equipment that may be unfamiliar to him, including ball mills, vacuum filters, and mist eliminators; and to identify the unique technique considerations imposed by an FGD system on more familiar electric utility equipment such as fans, gas dampers, piping, valves, and pumps. Part 3 provides an overview of the recommended procedures for evaluating proposals received from FGD system vendors. The objectives are to provide procedures for evaluating the technical aspects of proposals, and to provide procedures for determining the total costs of proposals considering both initial capital costs and annual operating and maintenance costs. The primary objective of Part 4 of this manual is to provide the utility engineer who has a special interest in the capabilities of FGDPRISM [Flue Gas Desulfurization PRocess Integration and Simulation Model] with more detailed discussions of its uses, requirements, and limitations. Part 5 is a case study in using this manual in the preparation of a purchase specification and in the evaluation of proposals received from vendors. The objectives are to demonstrate how the information contained in Parts 1 and 2 can be used to improve the technical content of an FGD system purchase specification; to demonstrate how the techniques presented in Part 3 can be used to evaluate proposals received in response to the purchase specification; and to illustrate how the FGDPRISM computer program can be used to establish design parameters for the specification and evaluate vendor designs.

NONE

1996-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

465

Computer Systems Administrator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer Systems Administrator Fort Collins, CO POSITION A Computer Systems Administrator (Non activities. RESPONSIBILITIES The System Administrator will provide Unix/Linux, Windows computer system or computer science, and three years computer systems administration experience. DURATION The work is planned

466

Solar system  

SciTech Connect

An improved solar heat collecting system is described comprising: a collecting means having upper and lower end caps; means for supporting the collecting means in a position generally perpendicular to ambit solar radiation and to permit periodic adjustment thereof; the support means including a base, a first support bar pivotally secured to the base and extending parallel to the ground, and a first support member extending perpendicular from the first support bar to the lower end cap. The support means also includes a second support bar pivotally secured to the base and extending generally parallel to the first support bar, a support leg having a lower portion that extends perpendicularly from the second support bar, an intermediate leg portion slidingly mounted on the lower leg portion and an upper leg portion pivotally secured to the intermediate leg portion, and a second support member extending perpendicularly from the upper leg portion to the upper end cap; lens means disposed above the collecting means for concentrating solar radiation on the collecting means; a pair of reflector means mounted below and on opposite sides of the radiation shadow of the lens means for concentrating solar radiation on the collecting means; mounting means for mounting the lens means and the reflector means. The mounting means includes first and second bracket means rotatively mounted respectively to the first and second support members. A pair of radially extending U-shaped reflector mounts have opposite ends secured to respective bracket means, and a pair of radially extending lens supports secured to respective bracket means; and means for rotating the mounting means and associated lens mean and reflector means to track the source of solar radiation whereby an improved, highly efficient solar heat collecting system is provided.

Gregory, S.T.

1987-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

467

Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems: Spray Distribution System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spray distribution systems for wastewater are much like lawn sprinkler systems, in that they spray treated wastewater over the surface of a yard. This publication explains how spray distribution systems work, what their design requirements are...

Lesikar, Bruce J.

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

468

Separation system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A separation system for dewatering radioactive waste materials includes a disposal container, drive structure for receiving the container, and means for releasably attaching the container to the drive structure. Separation structure disposed in the container adjacent the inner surface of the side wall structure retains solids while allowing passage of liquids. Inlet port structure in the container top wall is normally closed by first valve structure that is centrifugally actuated to open the inlet port and discharge port structure at the container periphery receives liquid that passes through the separation structure and is normally closed by second valve structure that is centrifugally actuated to open the discharge ports. The container also includes coupling structure for releasable engagement with the centrifugal drive structure. Centrifugal force produced when the container is driven in rotation by the drive structure opens the valve structures, and radioactive waste material introduced into the container through the open inlet port is dewatered, and the waste is compacted. The ports are automatically closed by the valves when the container drum is not subjected to centrifugal force such that containment effectiveness is enhanced and exposure of personnel to radioactive materials is minimized.

Rubin, Leslie S. (Newton, MA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Integrated Nanofluidic Systems for Systems Biotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Nanofluidic Systems for Systems Biotechnology Wednesday October 28 2009 Burchard 118, 11 in prestigious journals including Science and Nature Biotechnology. Hong's research interests include Bio

Fisher, Frank

470

NREL: Energy Systems Integration Facility - Systems Integration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

system components for grid-connected, standalone, and microgrid applications Test large power system components such as inverters, diesel and natural gas generators, battery...

471

Minimal fusion systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We define minimal fusion systems in a way that every non-solvable fusion system has a section which is minimal. Minimal fusion systems can also be… (more)

Henke, Ellen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Object Management Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Object-Oriented Database Management Systems for EngineeringR. Cassel. Distribution Management Systems: Functions and8-PWR 1988. Network Management Systems 52 Subodh Bapat.

Gollu, Aleks Ohannes

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Environmental Management System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Management System Environmental Management System An Environmental Management System is a systematic method for assessing mission activities, determining the environmental impacts...

474

Environmental Management System Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R-3 • Environmental Management System Plan References 30.of Energy, Safety Management System Policy, DOE P 450.4 (E), Environmental Management Systems ? Requirements with

Fox, Robert

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Earth System Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Earth system models are important research tools for improving understanding ... climate system (and maybe never will), Earth system models nowadays typically focus on specific aspects, for...

Patrick Jöckel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Geographic Information System (GIS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The geographic information system is a branch of health information system and public health information system ...developed for the capture, storage, manipulation, analysis, and visualization of geographic ...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Logical Systems Incorporated The Help Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Logical Systems Incorporated The Help Systems T A B L E O F C O N T E N T S Introduction ..................................... page 2 HELP/CMD ..................................... page 3 HELPRESx ................................... page 17 #12;LDOS Help System Page 1 The LDOS HELP Systems Introduction This documentation covers all

Mann, Tim

478

System design description cone penetrometer system  

SciTech Connect

The system design description documents in detail the design of the cone penetrometer system. The systems includes the cone penetrometer physical package, raman spectroscopy package and moisture sensor package. Information pertinent to the system design, development, fabrication and testing is provided.

Seda, R.Y., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

479

Industrial and Systems engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial and Systems engineering COLLEGE of ENGINEERING DepartmentofIndustrialandSystemsEngineering EDGE Engineering Entrepreneur Certificate Program is a great addition to an industrial and systems to expert clinical recommendations. engineering.wayne.edu/isefaculty Industrial and systems engineering

Berdichevsky, Victor

480

Reducing Energy Consumption in Industrial Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modulate to match a reduced load. For example, assume a building has a 20% load reduction. If it is a reheat system, then there is tco much supply air. What can be done? Law Investment - Slow fan by 20%, save almost 50% in fan horsepower, eliminate... modulate to match a reduced load. For example, assume a building has a 20% load reduction. If it is a reheat system, then there is tco much supply air. What can be done? Law Investment - Slow fan by 20%, save almost 50% in fan horsepower, eliminate...

Whalen, J. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "vav system fan" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Systems and Industry Analyses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International Activity Program Plan Project Portfolio Project...

482

Gasification Systems Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International Activity Program Plan Project Portfolio Project...

483

Gasification Systems Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications News Gasifipedia Gasifier Optimization Feed Systems Syngas Processing Systems Analyses Gasification Plant Databases International Activity Program Plan Project...

484

Hospital Information System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A hospital information system is an information system for processing data, information and knowledge in hospital ...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

PTEC: A System for Predictive Thermal and Energy Control in Data Centers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the speeds of server internal fans to minimize the expected total energy consumption of cooling% of total energy [4]. One of the key reasons for these data centers to have excessive energy consumption in reducing the total energy consumption of a data center. Various efforts have been made to improve data

Xing, Guoliang

486

Lifting options for stratospheric aerosol geoengineering: advantages of tethered balloon systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1510kg shell were fired vertically it...of the very hot gases, at a cost of...missiles or a new generation of high performance...in the lifting gas between 20km altitude...on fan size and power. A similar problem...away the carrier gases (either H2 or...pipe the pumping power is given by 500...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Combining HVAC energy conservation measures to achieve energy savings over standard requirements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the energy savings over the minimum American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 90.1-2010 requirements due to the combination of two or three HVAC energy conservation measures using EnergyPlus simulation software. Prototype commercial building models, which satisfy the requirements of ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 were used as base-cases. Five prototype commercial buildings, eight HVAC systems, and eight climate zones were considered. Four cases were studied for the combination: energy recovery ventilation (ERV) and demand control ventilation (DCV); ERV and Multiple-zone variable air volume (VAV) System Ventilation Optimization (VentOpt); ERV, DCV and VentOpt; and Single Zone VAV controls, and kitchen transfer air. Of the four cases studied, the integration of ERV and DCV, which was applied to primary school and standalone retail prototype buildings, provided a maximum savings of 1.93% and 8.10% respectively compared to the base-cases.

Teshome Edae Jiru

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

PIA - Human Resources System/Payroll System | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

System PIA - Human Resources SystemPayroll System More Documents & Publications PIA - INL PeopleSoft - Human Resource System PIA - INL SECURITY INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM...

489

Influence strategies for systems of systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distributed decision making has been identified as a source of managerial complexity for leaders of systems of systems (SoS). A new framework, AIR (Anticipation-Influence-Reaction), is proposed to capture the feedback ...

Shah, Nirav Bharat, 1979-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

CX-001530: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on existing structures); JJC Day Room Variable Air Volume (VAV) Retrofit; Central Library Air Handler Replacement; Library Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC)...

491

On Variations of Space-heating Energy Use in Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HPB IEA IEAD LPD MJ NFRC SHC SHGC TRNSYS WWR VAV VT Americanheat gain coefficient (SHGC) reduce space-heating loads. Thetemperature difference. The SHGC represents the fractional

Lin, Hung-Wen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Data and Analytics to Inform Energy Retrofit of High Performance Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LEED MAT OAT OAE PLR PUE SAT SHGC RAT UFAD WWR VAV VT WSHPwalls Window Low-e with low SHGC and high VT Shading devices

Hong Ph.D., Tianzhen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Heating System Specification Specification of Heating System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A Heating System Specification /* Specification of Heating System (loosely based */ requestHeat : Room ­? bool; 306 #12; APPENDIX A. HEATING SYSTEM SPECIFICATION 307 /* user inputs */ livingPattern : Room ­? behaviour; setTemp : Room ­? num; heatSwitchOn, heatSwitchOff, userReset : simple

Day, Nancy

494

Your Guide to 1912 SW 6th  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the laundry rooms. Heat The heating in Ondine is run by a hot water heated coil fan system. Each room has and the warm air that is produced is disseminated throughout the unit using a fan. Each room has a control a heating system that is tied to the rest of the building. The coils are heated using a hot water structure

Latiolais, M. Paul

495

Energy Systems Integration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Systems Integration Systems Integration Ben Kroposki, PhD, PE Director, Energy Systems Integration National Renewable Energy Laboratory 2 Reducing investment risk and optimizing systems in a rapidly changing energy world * Increasing penetration of variable RE in grid * Increasing ultra high energy efficiency buildings and controllable loads * New data, information, communications and controls * Electrification of transportation and alternative fuels * Integrating energy storage (stationary and mobile) and thermal storage * Interactions between electricity/thermal/fuels/data pathways * Increasing system flexibility and intelligence Current Energy Systems Future Energy Systems Why Energy Systems Integration? 3 Energy Systems Integration Continuum Scale Appliance (Plug)

496

Systems Analysis Workshop Purpose  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory DOE Hydrogen Program DOE Hydrogen Program Systems Analysis Workshop Systems Analysis Workshop Systems Integration Production Delivery Conversion Application Education Codes & Standards Safety Tech Validation Storage Systems Integration Production Delivery Conversion Application Education Codes & Standards Safety Tech Validation Storage Washington D.C. 28-29 Jul 04 Dale Gardner Systems Integration Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle 2 Systems Analysis Workshop Topics * Meeting Goals * Systems Integration * Roles/Responsibilities of Analysis Participants * Systems Analysis * From this Workshop * Capability Presentations 3 Systems Analysis Workshop Meeting Goals 1) Understand the roles and activities of the DOE Technology Analyst,

497

Rural Intelligent Transportation Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

System--activates lights on a STOP sign as a vehicle approaches the sign. · Curve Warning System System--records data on vehicle behavior that can be analyzed and used as a design input. Design the systems. Each system is made up of detection nodes that trigger the sign nodes. Results Foderberg

Minnesota, University of

498

A comprehensive study on the important faults in heat pump system during the warranty period  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The heat pump market has become mature in many countries. There are millions of heat pumps installed worldwide. So any improvement in the installation, operation, and maintenance of heat pump systems can save a considerable amount of energy and cost, and reduce Green House Emissions to a large extent. The present study suggests a Smart Fault Detection and Diagnosis (SFDD) mechanism as the essential part of the next generation of heat pumps. A SFDD mechanism can minimize the installation and control errors, decrease the performance degradation during operation, avoid unnecessary visual inspections and components replacement, and reduce the maintenance cost and down-time of the system. To develop a SFDD mechanism, the first essential step is to obtain knowledge about the most common and expensive faults experienced by heat pumps. The heat pump manufacturers are one of the best sources to find out the most common and costliest faults occurring in heat pump systems during the first few years of their life. The present paper, as the first part of two, describes the results from a comprehensive study done on the most recent faults which were reported to some of the heat pump manufacturers in Sweden during the warranty period. The most common and the costliest faults in the Air/Air, Air/Water, Brine/Water, and exhaust air heat pumps are presented. Some of the faults such as faulty pressure switches or fans are only related to the heat pump unit, i.e. the thermodynamic cycle which facilitates the heat pumping cycle. Some of the common and expensive faults such as faulty shuttle or shunt valve are related to the faulty components in the heating systems. Generally, the results show that faults in Control and Electronics are almost the most common and costliest faults in all types of heat pumps. Faults in Control and Electronics include any fault related to control unit, electrical faults (such as short circuit, etc.), Printed Circuit Board (PCB), display, soft starter, overcurrent and motor protection relay, etc.

Hatef Madani; Erica Roccatello

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Fundamentals of Dynamical Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the purposes of control system design, analysis, test, and repair, the most important part of the very broad subject known as system theory is the theory of dynamical systems. It is difficult to give a pre...

William S. Levine

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Analyzing Scrip Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scrip systems provide a nonmonetary trade economy for exchange of resources. We model a scrip system as a stochastic game and study system design issues on selection rules to match potential trade partners over time. We ...

Johnson, Kristine Dianne