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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Cataclysmic Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cataclysmic variables are binary stars in which a relatively normal star is transferring mass to its compact companion. This interaction gives rise to a rich range of behaviour, of which the most noticeable are the outbursts that give the class its name. Novae belong to the class, as do the less well known dwarf novae and magnetic systems. Novae draw their energy from nuclear reactions, while dwarf novae rely on gravity to power their smaller eruptions. All the different classes of cataclysmic variable can be accommodated within a single framework and this article will describe the framework, review the properties of the main types of system and discuss models of the outbursts and of the long-term evolution.

Robert Connon Smith

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

2

Understanding Biomass Feedstock Variability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If the singular goal of biomass logistics and the design of biomass feedstock supply systems is to reduce the per ton supply cost of biomass, these systems may very well develop with ultimate unintended consequences of highly variable and reduced quality biomass feedstocks. This paper demonstrates that due to inherent species variabilities, production conditions, and differing harvest, collection, and storage practices, this is a very real scenario that biomass producers and suppliers as well as conversion developers should be aware of. Biomass feedstock attributes of ash, carbohydrates, moisture, and particle morphology will be discussed. We will also discuss specifications for these attributes, inherent variability of these attributes in biomass feedstocks, and approaches and solutions for reducing variability for improving feedstock quality.

Kevin L. Kenney; William A. Smith; Garold L. Gresham; Tyler L. Westover

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Understanding Biomass Feedstock Variability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If the singular goal of biomass logistics and the design of biomass feedstock supply systems is to reduce the per-ton supply cost of biomass, these systems may very well develop with ultimate unintended consequences of highly variable and reduced quality biomass feedstocks. This paper demonstrates that, due to inherent species variabilities, production conditions and differing harvest, collection and storage practices, this is a very real scenario that biomass producers and suppliers as well as conversion developers should be aware of. Biomass feedstock attributes of ash, carbohydrates, moisture and particle morphology will be discussed. We will also discuss specifications for these attributes, inherent variability of these attributes in biomass feedstocks, and approaches and solutions for reducing variability for improving feedstock quality.

Kevin L. Kenney; Garold L. Gresham; William A. Smith; Tyler L. Westover

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Variable Frequency Pump Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-frequency electric motor drive. What is happenin9 with variable frequency driven pun,ps is a classical illustration that evolution in technical products takes place not only because of changes in the processes served by these products, or because of innovations...-pole 3550 rpm squirrel caqe induction motor became available in the early 1930s that high pressure pumps operating at that speed could be buil t. And now, in the 1980s, the development of the solid-state, variable frequency electric motor drive...

Karassik, I. J.; Petraccaro, L. L.; McGuire, J. T.

5

Variable Crop Share Leases.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)OC lAL45.7 173 1. 1224 Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System Daniel C. Pfannstiel,Director colleg e Station, Texas / f , ' '~ :';,; ,,: ''': ~ " k , -~. _Variable _Crop Share _Leases ... Marvin... Sartin and Ray Sammons* Renting or leasing farmland is part of many modern farming operations and increases average farm size in U. S. agriculture. Economies of size are vitally import ant to farm operations as they strive to cope with the continuous...

Sartin, Marvin; Sammons, Ray

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Variable depth core sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable depth core sampler apparatus is described comprising a first circular hole saw member, having longitudinal sections that collapses to form a point and capture a sample, and a second circular hole saw member residing inside said first hole saw member to support the longitudinal sections of said first hole saw member and prevent them from collapsing to form a point. The second hole saw member may be raised and lowered inside said first hole saw member. 7 figs.

Bourgeois, P.M.; Reger, R.J.

1996-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

7

PHP: Constructs and Variables Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHP: Constructs and Variables Introduction This document describes: 1. the syntax and types of variables, 2. PHP control structures (i.e., conditionals and loops), 3. mixed-mode processing, 4. how to use one script from within another, 5. how to define and use functions, 6. global variables in PHP, 7

Vander Zanden, Brad

8

Selection automatique de variables pertinentes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S´election automatique de variables pertinentes Vers la d´ecouverte de nouvelles modalit´es sensori-motrices corr´elations entre ses variables sensori-motrices afin d'apprendre `a r´esoudre sa t^ache d

Boyer, Edmond

9

Quantum information with modular variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a novel strategy, based on the use of modular variables, to encode and deterministically process quantum information using states described by continuous variables. Our formalism leads to a general recipe to adapt existing quantum information protocols, originally formulated for finite dimensional quantum systems, to infinite dimensional systems described by continuous variables. This is achieved by using non unitary and non-gaussian operators, obtained from the superposition of gaussian gates, together with adaptative manipulations in qubit systems defined in infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces. We describe in details the realization of single and two qubit gates and briefly discuss their implementation in a quantum optical set-up.

A. Ketterer; S. P. Walborn; A. Keller; T. Coudreau; P. Milman

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

10

Variable metric conjugate gradient methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

1.1 Motivation. In this paper we present a framework that includes many well known iterative methods for the solution of nonsymmetric linear systems of equations, Ax = b. Section 2 begins with a brief review of the conjugate gradient method. Next, we describe a broader class of methods, known as projection methods, to which the conjugate gradient (CG) method and most conjugate gradient-like methods belong. The concept of a method having either a fixed or a variable metric is introduced. Methods that have a metric are referred to as either fixed or variable metric methods. Some relationships between projection methods and fixed (variable) metric methods are discussed. The main emphasis of the remainder of this paper is on variable metric methods. In Section 3 we show how the biconjugate gradient (BCG), and the quasi-minimal residual (QMR) methods fit into this framework as variable metric methods. By modifying the underlying Lanczos biorthogonalization process used in the implementation of BCG and QMR, we obtain other variable metric methods. These, we refer to as generalizations of BCG and QMR.

Barth, T.; Manteuffel, T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Operating Reserves and Variable Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report tries to first generalize the requirements of the power system as it relates to the needs of operating reserves. It also includes a survey of operating reserves and how they are managed internationally in system operations today and then how new studies and research are proposing they may be managed in the future with higher penetrations of variable generation.

Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Variable frequency microwave heating apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable frequency microwave heating apparatus (10) designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a multi-mode microwave cavity (34) for testing or other selected applications. The variable frequency microwave heating apparatus (10) includes a microwave signal generator (12) and a high-power microwave amplifier (20) or a high-power microwave oscillator (14). A power supply (22) is provided for operation of the high-power microwave oscillator (14) or microwave amplifier (20). A directional coupler (24) is provided for detecting the direction and amplitude of signals incident upon and reflected from the microwave cavity (34). A first power meter (30) is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace (32). A second power meter (26) detects the magnitude of reflected power. Reflected power is dissipated in the reflected power load (28).

Bible, Don W. (Clinton, TN); Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Johnson, Arvid C. (Lake in the Hills, IL); Thigpen, Larry T. (Angier, NC)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Massive Variability Surveys from Venezuela  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory we are carrying out variability surveys spanning many hundreds of square degrees near the celestial equator, using an 8k x 8k CCD Mosaic Camera optimized for drift-scanning on a 1m Schmidt telescope. Among the initial efforts was a project to obtain the first moderately deep, homogeneous sample of young stars over an area of ~180sqr.deg. encompassing the entire Orion OB1 association, one of the nearest and most active regions of star formation. The results show that variability is a powerful technique to identify pre-main sequence populations, specially in sparse areas devoid of gas and dust. We are currently developing a massive database, equipped with web-based data mining tools, that will make our data and results available to the astronomical community.

Cesar Briceno

2003-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

14

Review of Probability Random Variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at close 4) Height of wheel going over a rocky road #12;3 Random Variable Non-examples 1) `Heads' or `Tails' on coin 2) Red or Black ball from urn But we can make these into RV's Basic Idea ­ don't know · Temperature · Wheel height #12;5 Given Continuous RV X... What is the probability that X = x0 ? Oddity : P

Fowler, Mark

15

Variable flexure-based fluid filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for filtering particles from a fluid comprises a fluid inlet, a fluid outlet, a variable size passage between the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet, and means for adjusting the size of the variable size passage for filtering the particles from the fluid. An inlet fluid flow stream is introduced to a fixture with a variable size passage. The size of the variable size passage is set so that the fluid passes through the variable size passage but the particles do not pass through the variable size passage.

Brown, Steve B.; Colston Jr., Billy W.; Marshall, Graham; Wolcott, Duane

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

16

Principal Components Instrumental Variable Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the main results are displayed in two appendices. 2 Econometric Framework Consider the simultaneous equations model y = X? + u and X = Z?+ V , (1) 1 An advantage of such general structure is that the large-sample condition used in previous studies Kn/ p n... ? 0, where Kn is the number of instruments and n is the sample size, is not required in our asymptotic approximations. 4 where y is the n 1 vector containing n observations of the dependent variable; X is the n G matrix with observations...

Winkelried, Diego; Smith, Richard J.

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

17

Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II FieldVacancy-InducedCloudPoissonVampire Power1 -Variable

18

Variable Mass Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several attempts to construct theories of gravity with variable mass are considered. The theoretical impacts of allowing the rest mass to vary with respect to time or an appropriate curve parameter are examined in the framework of Newtonian and Einsteinian gravity theories. In further steps, scalar-tensor theories are examined with respect to their relation to the variation of the mass and in an ultimate step, an additional coordinate is introduced and its possible relation to the mass is examined, yielding a five dimensional space-time-matter theory.

M. Leclerc

2002-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

19

Interannual variability in tropospheric nitrous oxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of tropospheric N2O mixing ratio show significant variability on interannual timescales (0.2?ppb, 1 standard deviation). We found that interannual variability in N2O is weakly correlated with that in CFC-12 ...

Thompson, R. L.

20

Utility Variable Generation Integration Group Fall Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Technical Workshop Utility Variable Generation Integration Group Fall Technical Workshop October 15, 2014 9:00AM CDT to October 17, 2014 3:00PM CDT The Utility Variable Generation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Variable frequency microwave furnace system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable frequency microwave furnace system (10) designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity (34) for testing or other selected applications. The variable frequency microwave furnace system (10) includes a microwave signal generator (12) or microwave voltage-controlled oscillator (14) for generating a low-power microwave signal for input to the microwave furnace. A first amplifier (18) may be provided to amplify the magnitude of the signal output from the microwave signal generator (12) or the microwave voltage-controlled oscillator (14). A second amplifier (20) is provided for processing the signal output by the first amplifier (18). The second amplifier (20) outputs the microwave signal input to the furnace cavity (34). In the preferred embodiment, the second amplifier (20) is a traveling-wave tube (TWT). A power supply (22) is provided for operation of the second amplifier (20). A directional coupler (24) is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter (30) is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace (32). A second power meter (26) detects the magnitude of reflected power. Reflected power is dissipated in the reflected power load (28).

Bible, Don W. (Clinton, TN); Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Variable frequency microwave furnace system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable frequency microwave furnace system designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity for testing or other selected applications. The variable frequency microwave furnace system includes a microwave signal generator or microwave voltage-controlled oscillator for generating a low-power microwave signal for input to the microwave furnace. A first amplifier may be provided to amplify the magnitude of the signal output from the microwave signal generator or the microwave voltage-controlled oscillator. A second amplifier is provided for processing the signal output by the first amplifier. The second amplifier outputs the microwave signal input to the furnace cavity. In the preferred embodiment, the second amplifier is a traveling-wave tube (TWT). A power supply is provided for operation of the second amplifier. A directional coupler is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace. A second power meter detects the magnitude of reflected power. Reflected power is dissipated in the reflected power load. 5 figs.

Bible, D.W.; Lauf, R.J.

1994-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

23

Variable ratio regenerative braking device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a regenerative braking device (10) for an automotive vehicle. The device includes an energy storage assembly (12) having a plurality of rubber rollers (26, 28) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (36) and an output shaft (42), clutches (38, 46) and brakes (40, 48) associated with each shaft, and a continuously variable transmission (22) connectable to a vehicle drivetrain and to the input and output shafts by the respective clutches. The rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy from the vehicle when the input shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the output shaft is applied, and are torsionally relaxed to deliver energy to the vehicle when the output shaft is clutched to the transmission while the brake on the input shaft is applied. The transmission ratio is varied to control the rate of energy accumulation and delivery for a given rotational speed of the vehicle drivetrain.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

1981-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

24

Variable delivery, fixed displacement pump  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable delivery, fixed displacement pump comprises a plurality of pistons reciprocated within corresponding cylinders in a cylinder block. The pistons are reciprocated by rotation of a fixed angle swash plate connected to the pistons. The pistons and cylinders cooperate to define a plurality of fluid compression chambers each have a delivery outlet. A vent port is provided from each fluid compression chamber to vent fluid therefrom during at least a portion of the reciprocal stroke of the piston. Each piston and cylinder combination cooperates to close the associated vent port during another portion of the reciprocal stroke so that fluid is then pumped through the associated delivery outlet. The delivery rate of the pump is varied by adjusting the axial position of the swash plate relative to the cylinder block, which varies the duration of the piston stroke during which the vent port is closed.

Sommars, Mark F. (Sparland, IL)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Continuously variable focal length lens  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A material preferably in crystal form having a low atomic number such as beryllium (Z=4) provides for the focusing of x-rays in a continuously variable manner. The material is provided with plural spaced curvilinear, optically matched slots and/or recesses through which an x-ray beam is directed. The focal length of the material may be decreased or increased by increasing or decreasing, respectively, the number of slots (or recesses) through which the x-ray beam is directed, while fine tuning of the focal length is accomplished by rotation of the material so as to change the path length of the x-ray beam through the aligned cylindrical slows. X-ray analysis of a fixed point in a solid material may be performed by scanning the energy of the x-ray beam while rotating the material to maintain the beam's focal point at a fixed point in the specimen undergoing analysis.

Adams, Bernhard W; Chollet, Matthieu C

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

26

Variable residence time vortex combustor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable residence time vortex combustor including a primary combustion chamber for containing a combustion vortex, and a plurality of louvres peripherally disposed about the primary combustion chamber and longitudinally distributed along its primary axis. The louvres are inclined to impel air about the primary combustion chamber to cool its interior surfaces and to impel air inwardly to assist in driving the combustion vortex in a first rotational direction and to feed combustion in the primary combustion chamber. The vortex combustor also includes a second combustion chamber having a secondary zone and a narrowed waist region in the primary combustion chamber interconnecting the output of the primary combustion chamber with the secondary zone for passing only lower density particles and trapping higher density particles in the combustion vortex in the primary combustion chamber for substantial combustion.

Melconian, Jerry O. (76 Beaver Rd., Reading, MA 01867)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

HCCI in a Variable Compression Ratio Engine: Effects of Engine...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fuels Practical Full Time HCCI Operation Will Require Specific HCCI Fuel Low Octane gasoline Experimental Variables Experimental Variables Engine Variables Intake Manifold...

28

HERSCHEL OBSERVATIONS OF CATACLYSMIC VARIABLES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used the PACS instrument on the Herschel Space Observatory to observe eight cataclysmic variables at 70 and 160 {mu}m. Of these eight objects, only AM Her was detected. We have combined the Herschel results with ground-based, Spitzer, and WISE observations to construct spectral energy distributions for all of the targets. For the two dwarf novae in the sample, SS Cyg and U Gem, we find that their infrared luminosities are completely dominated by their secondary stars. For the two highly magnetic 'polars' in our survey, AM Her and EF Eri, we find that their mid-infrared excesses, previously attributed to circumbinary dust emission, can be fully explained by cyclotron emission. The WISE light curves for both sources show large, orbitally modulated variations that are identically phased to their near-IR light curves. We propose that significant emission from the lowest cyclotron harmonics (n {<=} 3) is present in EF Eri and AM Her. Previously, such emission would have been presumed to be optically thick, and not provide significant orbitally modulated flux. This suggests that the accretion onto polars is more complicated than assumed in the simple models developed for these two sources. We develop a model for the near-/mid-IR light curves for WZ Sge with an L2 donor star that shows that the ellipsoidal variations from its secondary star are detected. We conclude that none of the targets surveyed have dusty circumbinary disks.

Harrison, Thomas E.; Hamilton, Ryan T. [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, Box 30001, MSC 4500, Las Cruces, NM 88003-8001 (United States); Tappert, Claus [Departamento de Fisica y Astronomia, Universidad de Valparaiso, Avda. Gran Bretana 1111, Valparaiso (Chile); Hoffman, Douglas I. [Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Campbell, Ryan K., E-mail: tharriso@nmsu.edu, E-mail: rthamilt@nmsu.edu, E-mail: claus.tappert@uv.cl, E-mail: dhoffman@ipac.caltech.edu, E-mail: Ryan.Campbell@humobldt.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Humboldt State University, 1 Harpst St., Arcata, CA 95521 (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Eccentric crank variable compression ratio mechanism  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable compression ratio mechanism for an internal combustion engine that has an engine block and a crankshaft is disclosed. The variable compression ratio mechanism has a plurality of eccentric disks configured to support the crankshaft. Each of the plurality of eccentric disks has at least one cylindrical portion annularly surrounded by the engine block. The variable compression ratio mechanism also has at least one actuator configured to rotate the plurality of eccentric disks.

Lawrence, Keith Edward (Kobe, JP); Moser, William Elliott (Peoria, IL); Roozenboom, Stephan Donald (Washington, IL); Knox, Kevin Jay (Peoria, IL)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

30

Variable-Period Undulators For Synchrotron Radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new and improved undulator design is provided that enables a variable period length for the production of synchrotron radiation from both medium-energy and high-energy storage rings. The variable period length is achieved using a staggered array of pole pieces made up of high permeability material, permanent magnet material, or an electromagnetic structure. The pole pieces are separated by a variable width space. The sum of the variable width space and the pole width would therefore define the period of the undulator. Features and advantages of the invention include broad photon energy tunability, constant power operation and constant brilliance operation.

Shenoy, Gopal (Naperville, IL); Lewellen, John (Plainfield, IL); Shu, Deming (Darien, IL); Vinokurov, Nikolai (Novosibirsk, RU)

2005-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

31

Variable-Period Undulators for Synchrotron Radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new and improved undulator design is provided that enables a variable period length for the production of synchrotron radiation from both medium-energy and high energy storage rings. The variable period length is achieved using a staggered array of pole pieces made up of high permeability material, permanent magnet material, or an electromagnetic structure. The pole pieces are separated by a variable width space. The sum of the variable width space and the pole width would therefore define the period of the undulator. Features and advantages of the invention include broad photon energy tunability, constant power operation and constant brilliance operation.

Shenoy, Gopal; Lewellen, John; Shu, Deming; Vinokurov, Nikolai

2005-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

32

Multivector Functions of a Real Variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is an introduction to the theory of multivector functions of a real variable. The notions of limit, continuity and derivative for these objects are given. The theory of multivector functions of a real variable, even being similar to the usual theory of vector functions of a real variable, has some subtle issues which make its presentation worhtwhile.We refer in particular to the derivative rules involving exterior and Clifford products, and also to the rule for derivation of a composition of an ordinary scalar function with a multivector function of a real variable.

A. M. Moya; V. V. Fernndez; W. A. Rodrigues Jr

2002-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

33

Hybrid Bayesian Networks with Linear Deterministic Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conference (UAI-05), 2005, AUAI Press, Arlington, VA. 136 Y X Z Figure 2: A Bayesian Network Representation of the Mixed Distribution for X. this example, Y is a discrete variable with state space ? Y = {1,2,3}, Z is a real-valued variable, and X is a... conditionally deterministic variable whose condi- tional distribution is described as follows: X |{y,z} = y if y =1,2 and X |{y,z} = z if y =3. Potentials of the type described above are used in this paper to represent distributions of variables in hy- brid...

Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Solar Dynamics Observatory/ Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Dynamics Observatory/ EVE Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment Frequently Asked and model solar extreme ultraviolet irradiance variations due to solar flares, solar rotation, and solar and structure of the Sun. What is solar variability? Solar radiation varies on all time scales ranging from

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

35

Variable Speed Pumping for Level Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this paper is to describe an application of variable speed pumping to level control of an industrial process. Topics include a comparison of the process using control valves with a variable speed system, an energy savings and cost...

Vasel, M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Practical evaluation of action-angle variables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A practical method is described for establishing action-angle variables for a Hamiltonian system. That is, a given nearly integrable Hamiltonian is divided into an exactly integrable system plus a perturbation in action-angle form. The transformation of variables, which is carried out using a few short trajectory integrations, permits a rapid determination of trajectory properties throughout a phase space volume.

Boozer, A.H.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Quantum Computing and Hidden Variables Scott Aaronson #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Computing and Hidden Variables Scott Aaronson # Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton of a hidden variable, then we could e#ciently solve problems that are believed to be intractable even powerful than the quantum computing model. PACS numbers: 03.65.Ta, 03.65.Ud, 03.67.Lx, 02.70.­c I

Aaronson, Scott

38

Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm for continuous variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an idealized quantum continuous variable analog of the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm which can be implemented on a perfect continuous variable quantum computer. Using the Fourier transformation and XOR gate appropriate for continuous spectra we show that under ideal operation to infinite precision that there is an infinite reduction in number of query calls in this scheme.

Arun K. Pati; Samuel L. Braunstein

2002-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Galex Ultraviolet Variability (GUVV) Catalog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present Version 1.0 of the NASA Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) ultraviolet variability catalog (GUVV) that contains information on 84 time-variable and transient sources gained with simultaneous near and far ultraviolet photometric observations. These time-variable sources were serendipitously revealed in the various 1.2 degree star fields currently being surveyed by the GALEX satellite in two ultraviolet bands (NUV 1750-2750A, FUV 1350-1750A) with limiting AB magnitudes of 23-25. The largest-amplitude variable objects presently detected by GALEX are M-dwarf flare stars, which can brighten by 5-10 mag in both the NUV and FUV bands during short duration (< 500s) outbursts. Other types of large-amplitude ultraviolet variable objects include ab-type RR Lyrae stars, which can vary periodically by 2-5mag in the GALEX FUV band. This first GUVV catalog lists galactic positions and possible source identifications in order to provide the astronomical community with a list of time-variable objects that can now be repeatedly observed at other wavelengths. We expect the total number of time-variable source detections to increase as the GALEX mission progresses, such that later version numbers of the GUVV catalog will contain substantially more variable sources.

Barry Y. Welsh; Jonathan M. Wheatley; Kenneth Heafield; Mark Seibert; Stanley E. Browne; Samir Salim; R. Michael Rich; Tom A. Barlow; Luciana Bianchi; Yong-Ik Byun; Jose Donas; Karl Forster; Peter G. Friedman; Timothy M. Heckman; Patrick N. Jelinsky; Young-Wook Lee; Barry F. Madore; Roger F. Malina; D. Christopher Martin; Bruno Milliard; Patrick Morrissey; Susan G. Neff; David Schiminovich; Oswald H. W. Siegmund; Todd Small; Alex S. Szalay; Ted K. Wyder

2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

40

THE MULTI-USE STEINEL VARIABLE TEMPERATURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MULTI-USE STEINEL VARIABLE TEMPERATURE ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HEAT GUNTEMPERATURE RANGE 212 at the outlet nozzle will bum flesh. Do not tum on Heat Gun with hand in front of nozzle. DO NOT USE NEAR equipment Specifications Temperature Variable from 212" F to 1100 F Watts 1500W Weight 1.5 lbs. Supply

Kleinfeld, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

THE MULTI-USE STEINEL VARIABLE TEMPERATURE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE MULTI-USE STEINEL VARIABLE TEMPERATURE ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED HEAT GUNTEMPERATURE RANGE 212 at the outlet nozzle will bum flesh. Do not tum on Heat Gun with hand in front of nozzle. DO NOT USE NEAR equipment Specifications Temperature Variable from 212 F to 1100 F Watts 1500W Weight 1.5 lbs. Supply

Kleinfeld, David

42

A comparison of two variables in relaxation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A COMPARISON OF TWO VARIABLES IN RELAXATION A Thesis by PAUL EDWIN TURNER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1974 Major Subject...: Psychology A COMPARiSON OF TWO VARIABLES IN RELAXATION A Thesis by PAUL EDWIN TURNER Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committ Head of Dep tment Member ?2 J L, ~Xi~ Member M-. ~~2 y May 1974 ABSTRACT A Comparison of Two Variable...

Turner, Paul Edwin

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Variable volume architecture : expanding the boundary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research into the creation of a Variable Volume Architecture is explored through a series of proposals and projects. An argument is established to develop the means and methods of achieving an architecture of transformation. ...

Saheba, Asheshh (Asheshh Mohit), 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Inserting Group Variables into Fluid Mechanics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fluid, like a quark-gluon plasma, may possess degrees of freedom indexed by a group variable, which retains its identity even in the fluid/continuum description. Conventional Eulerian fluid mechanics is extended to encompass this possibility.

R. Jackiw

2004-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

45

Energy Savings of Variable Speed Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates the energy savings available by utilizing variable speed motors on pump and fan applications. Conventional control of flow or pressure in process plants is normally accomplished by throttling the various streams with control...

Fishel, F. D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Variable-Rate State Gasoline Taxes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J Bradshaw, "SLate F~es Gasoline Tax So ~t Wdl Rise," TheVarlable-Rate State Gasoline Taxers Jeffrey Ang-Olson MartinVariable-Rate State Gasoline Taxes Jeffrey Ang-Olson

Ang-Olson, Jeffrey; Wachs, Martin; Taylor, Brian D.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

UselessVariable Elimination Olin Shivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flow analysis on the CPS inter­ mediate form. (I use a CPS representation essentially identical­passing style (CPS) intermediate representations, continuation variables are frequently passed around loops

Shivers, Olin

48

Hybrid permanent magnet and variable reluctance generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a hybrid electrical generator. It comprises: a permanent magnet generator having a permanent magnet rotor mounted on a shaft, the permanent magnet generator providing an output voltage over an operating range which falls in response to an increasing electrical load; a variable reluctance generator having a rotor mounted on the shaft with excitation of a stator of the variable reluctance generator being provided from the permanent magnet generator, the variable reluctance generator providing an output voltage which varies in response to an increasing electrical load over an operating range; and a voltage regulator, responsive to combined output voltages of the generators, for controlling the output voltage provided by the variable reluctance generator.

Vaidya, J.; Belanger, D.J.

1990-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

49

Cloud speed impact on solar variability scaling ?? Application to the wavelet variability model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kleissl, J. , 2013. Deriving cloud velocity from an array ofCloud Speed Impact on Solar Variability Scaling -this work, we determine from cloud speeds. Cloud simulator

Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Interannual variability of Caribbean rainfall, ENSO and the Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interannual variability of Caribbean rainfall, ENSO and the Atlantic Ocean Alessandra Giannini variability of Caribbean-Central Americanrainfall are examined. The atmosphericcirculation over this region- ature (SST) variability associated with Caribbean rainfall, as selected by canonical correlation

Columbia University

51

On the practice of dichotomization of quantitative variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors examine the practice of dichotomization of quantitative measures, wherein relationships among variables are examined after 1 or more variables have been converted to dichotomous variables by splitting the sample ...

MacCallum, R. C.; Zhang, S.; Preacher, K. J.; Rucker, D. D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Software Enabled Virtually Variable Displacement Pumps -Theoretical and Experimental Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Software Enabled Virtually Variable Displacement Pumps - Theoretical and Experimental Studies the functional equivalent of a variable displacement pump. This approach combines a fixed displacement pump valve control, without many of the shortcomings of commercially available variable displacement pumps

Li, Perry Y.

53

The use of 'race' as a variable in biomedical research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be used as a variable in biomedical research but mainly toRace as a Variable in Biomedical Research A dissertationRace as a Variable in Biomedical Research. Manifest,

Efstathiou, Sophia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Compact, electro-hydraulic, variable valve actuation system providing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Compact, electro-hydraulic, variable valve actuation system providing variable lift, timing and duration to enable high efficiency engine combustion control Compact,...

55

Sources of Technical Variability in Quantitative LC-MS Proteomics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sources of Technical Variability in Quantitative LC-MS Proteomics: Human Brain Tissue Sample Analysis. Sources of Technical Variability in Quantitative LC-MS Proteomics: Human...

56

Variable Speed Pumping: A Guide to Successful Applications -...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Variable Speed Pumping: A Guide to Successful Applications - Executive Summary Variable Speed Pumping: A Guide to Successful Applications - Executive Summary This document...

57

Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to Climate Variability and Change: A Guidance Manual for Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Adaptation to Climate Variability and...

58

Microstructural Response of Variably Hydrated Ca-Rich Montmorillonite...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microstructural Response of Variably Hydrated Ca-Rich Montmorillonite to Supercritical CO2. Microstructural Response of Variably Hydrated Ca-Rich Montmorillonite to Supercritical...

59

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013 Peer Review Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013 Peer Review Emerging Technologies Project for...

60

Demonstration of a Variable Phase Turbine Power System for Low...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Demonstration of a Variable Phase Turbine Power System for Low Temperature Geothermal Resources Demonstration of a Variable Phase Turbine Power System for Low Temperature...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Control Strategies for Centrifugal Pumps with Variable Flow Rate...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Control Strategies for Centrifugal Pumps with Variable Flow Rate Requirements Control Strategies for Centrifugal Pumps with Variable Flow Rate Requirements This tip sheet discusses...

62

Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase Efficiency in Gasoline Powertrains Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase Efficiency in...

63

Measuring spatial variability in soil characteristics  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides systems and methods for measuring a load force associated with pulling a farm implement through soil that is used to generate a spatially variable map that represents the spatial variability of the physical characteristics of the soil. An instrumented hitch pin configured to measure a load force is provided that measures the load force generated by a farm implement when the farm implement is connected with a tractor and pulled through or across soil. Each time a load force is measured, a global positioning system identifies the location of the measurement. This data is stored and analyzed to generate a spatially variable map of the soil. This map is representative of the physical characteristics of the soil, which are inferred from the magnitude of the load force.

Hoskinson, Reed L. (Rigby, ID); Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Sawyer, J. Wayne (Hampton, VA); Hess, John R. (Ashton, ID); Hess, J. Richard (Idaho Falls, ID)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Variable energy constant current accelerator structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable energy, constant current ion beam accelerator structure is disclosed comprising an ion source capable of providing the desired ions, a pre-accelerator for establishing an initial energy level, a matching/pumping module having means for focusing means for maintaining the beam current, and at least one main accelerator module for continuing beam focus, with means capable of variably imparting acceleration to the beam so that a constant beam output current is maintained independent of the variable output energy. In a preferred embodiment, quadrupole electrodes are provided in both the matching/pumping module and the one or more accelerator modules, and are formed using four opposing cylinder electrodes which extend parallel to the beam axis and are spaced around the beam at 90/degree/ intervals with opposing electrodes maintained at the same potential. 12 figs., 3 tabs.

Anderson, O.A.

1988-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

65

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy: Challenges and Solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the U.S., a number of utilities are adopting higher penetrations of renewables, driven in part by state policies. While power systems have been designed to handle the variable nature of loads, the additional supply-side variability and uncertainty can pose new challenges for utilities and system operators. However, a variety of operational and technical solutions exist to help integrate higher penetrations of wind and solar generation. This paper explores renewable energy integration challenges and mitigation strategies that have been implemented in the U.S. and internationally, including forecasting, demand response, flexible generation, larger balancing areas or balancing area cooperation, and operational practices such as fast scheduling and dispatch.

Bird, L.; Milligan, M.; Lew, D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Variable pressure power cycle and control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable pressure power cycle and control system that is adjustable to a variable heat source is disclosed. The power cycle adjusts itself to the heat source so that a minimal temperature difference is maintained between the heat source fluid and the power cycle working fluid, thereby substantially matching the thermodynamic envelope of the power cycle to the thermodynamic envelope of the heat source. Adjustments are made by sensing the inlet temperature of the heat source fluid and then setting a superheated vapor temperature and pressure to achieve a minimum temperature difference between the heat source fluid and the working fluid.

Goldsberry, Fred L. (Spring, TX)

1984-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

67

A new variable in flow analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used a simple spectrum distribution which was derived from a hydrodynamical equation\\cite{Csorgo} to fit the data of the STAR group. It is found that it can fit the $v_2$ of STAR group very well. We have found that $v_2$ is sensitive to both the effective temperature of particles and the expanding velocity. We have suggested a new variable ${\\bf z}$ to be used in the flow analysis. This new variable will measure the correlation of particles momentum components. We have also shown that one of the $x$ or $y$ direction in the reaction plane is the direction which has the largest variance.

Q. H. Zhang; L. Huo; W. N. Zhang

2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

68

INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY IN GLOBAL SOIL RESPIRATION (1980-1994) Interannual Variability in Global Soil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTERANNUAL VARIABILITY IN GLOBAL SOIL RESPIRATION (1980-1994) NDP-081 Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration on a 0.5 Degree Grid Cell Basis (1980-1994) Contributed by: James W. Raich 1, Tennessee 37831-6335. The ORNL is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under

69

Heart Rate Variability Malvin Carl Teich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heart Rate Variability Malvin Carl Teich Boston University and Columbia University http, Grasmere, UK, 2005 #12;CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE INABILITY OF HEART TO INCREASE CARDIAC OUTPUT IN PROPORTION of breath Swelling in legs General fatigue and weakness Clinical diagnostics: Ascultate heart Carotid pulse

Teich, Malvin C.

70

Hydrologically Sensitive Areas: Variable Source Area Hydrology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrologically Sensitive Areas: Variable Source Area Hydrology Implications for Water Quality Risk hydrology was developed and applied to the New York City (NYC) water supply watersheds. According and are therefore hydrologically sensitive with respect to their potential to transport contaminants to perennial

Walter, M.Todd

71

The Sun is an active, variable,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sun is an active, variable, magnetic star with oscillations on its surface and deep within its the physical processes of the Sun-Earth connection. Visit Us on the Web: Solar Terrestrial Probes Program: http://stp.gsfc.nasa.gov For More Information, See: Sun-Earth Connection: http://sec.gsfc.nasa.gov Living With a Star: http

Christian, Eric

72

Chapter 18: Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An adjustable-speed drive (ASD) includes all devices that vary the speed of a rotating load, including those that vary the motor speed and linkage devices that allow constant motor speed while varying the load speed. The Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol presented here addresses evaluation issues for variable-frequency drives (VFDs) installed on commercial and industrial motor-driven centrifugal fans and pumps for which torque varies with speed. Constant torque load applications, such as those for positive displacement pumps, are not covered by this protocol. Other ASD devices, such as magnetic drive, eddy current drives, variable belt sheave drives, or direct current motor variable voltage drives, are also not addressed. The VFD is by far the most common type of ASD hardware. With VFD speed control on a centrifugal fan or pump motor, energy use follows the affinity laws, which state that the motor electricity demand is a cubic relationship to speed under ideal conditions. Therefore, if the motor runs at 75% speed, the motor demand will ideally be reduced to 42% of full load power; however, with other losses it is about 49% of full load power.

Romberger, J.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Markovian feedback to control continuous variable entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a model to realize quantum feedback control of continuous variable entanglement. It consists of two interacting bosonic modes subject to amplitude damping and achieving entangled Gaussian steady state. The possibility to greatly improve the degree of entanglement by means of Markovian (direct) feedback is then shown.

Stefano Mancini

2005-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

74

Variable Light-Cone Theory of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how to reformulate Variable Speed of Light Theories (VSLT) in a covariant fashion as Variable Light-Cone Theories (VLCT) by introducing two vierbein bundles each associated with a distinct metric. The basic gravitational action relates to one bundle while matter propagates relative to the other in a conventional way. The variability of the speed of light is represented by the variability of the matter light-cone relative to the gravitational light-cone. The two bundles are related locally by an element M, of SL(4,R). The dynamics of the field M is that of a SL(4,R)-sigma model gauged with respect to local (orthochronous) Lorentz transformations on each of the bundles. Only the ``massless'' version of the model with a single new coupling, F, that has the same dimensions as Newton's constant $G_N$, is considered in this paper. When F vanishes the theory reduces to standard General Relativity. We verify that the modified Bianchi identities of the model are consistent with the standard conservation law for the matter energy-momentum tensor in its own background metric. The implications of the model for some simple applications are examined, the Newtonian limit, the flat FRW universe and the spherically symmetric static solution.

I. T. Drummond

1999-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

75

An Exploratory Study of Variability in Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Exploratory Study of Variability in Safety Culture among Clinician types and Patient Care of the current study was to (a) examine how different types of care providers viewed the safety culture of their unit, and (b) examine the relationship between hospital safety culture and patient satisfaction

von der Heydt, Rüdiger

76

Original article Variability of digestibility criteria  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Variability of digestibility criteria in maize elite hybrids submitted of various in vitro digestibility criteria used to estimate genotypic variation in silage maize elite hybrids and in vitro digestibility of whole-plant and cell-walls were pre- dicted by near infra-red reflectance

Boyer, Edmond

77

3. Hydrogeomorphic Variability and River Restoration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It is difficult to design effective stream and channel restoration measures, or evaluate project performance expansion of efforts in and expenditures for stream restoration. Increasingly, resto- ration efforts focus39 3. Hydrogeomorphic Variability and River Restoration D. R. MONTGOMERY1 AND S. M. BOLTON2

Montgomery, David R.

78

Climate Change and Variability Lake Ice, Fishes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Climate Change and Variability Lake Ice, Fishes and Water Levels John J. Magnuson Center to everything else." #12;The Invisible Present The Invisible Place Magnuson 2006 #12;Ice-on Day 2007 Peter W. Schmitz Photo Local Lake Mendota #12;Ice Breakup 2010 Lake Mendota March 20 #12;March 21 Ice Breakup 2010

Sheridan, Jennifer

79

Gowdy phenomenology in scale-invariant variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dynamics of Gowdy vacuum spacetimes is considered in terms of Hubble-normalized scale-invariant variables, using the timelike area temporal gauge. The resulting state space formulation provides for a simple mechanism for the formation of ``false'' and ``true spikes'' in the approach to the singularity, and a geometrical formulation for the local attractor.

Lars Andersson; Henk van Elst; Claes Uggla

2003-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

80

Correlated spectral variability in brown dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models of brown dwarf atmospheres suggest they exhibit complex physical behaviour. Observations have shown that they are indeed dynamic, displaying small photometric variations over timescales of hours. Here I report results of infrared (0.95-1.64 micron) spectrophotometric monitoring of four field L and T dwarfs spanning timescales of 0.1-5.5 hrs, the goal being to learn more about the physical nature of this variability. Spectra are analysed differentially with respect to a simultaneously observed reference source in order to remove Earth-atmospheric variations. The variability amplitude detected is typically 2-10%, depending on the source and wavelength. I analyse the data for correlated variations between spectral indices. This approach is more robust than single band or chisq analyses, because it does not assume an amplitude for the (often uncertain) noise level (although the significance test still assumes a shape for the noise power spectrum). Three of the four targets show significant evidence for correlated variability. Some of this can be associated with specific features including Fe, FeH, VO and KI, and there is good evidence for intrinsic variability in water and possibly also methan. Yet some of this variability covers a broader spectral range which would be consistent with dust opacity variations. The underlying common cause is plausibly localized temperature or composition fluctuations caused by convection. Looking at the high signal-to-noise ratio stacked spectra we see many previously identified spectral features of L and T dwarfs, such as KI, NaI, FeH, water and methane. In particular we may have detected methane absorption at 1.3-1.4 micron in the L5 dwarf SDSS 0539-0059.

C. A. L. Bailer-Jones

2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The VISTA Variables in the Via Lactea survey: A first glance on stellar variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VISTA Variables in the Via Lactea (VVV) is an ESO public near-infrared variability survey of the Galactic bulge and an adjacent area of the southern mid-plane. It will produce a deep atlas in the ZYJHKs filters, and a Ks-band time-series database of ~10^9 point sources, among which >~10^6 are expected to be variable. One of VVV's immediate scientific goals is to provide accurate light curves of primary distance indicators, such as RR Lyrae stars, and utilize these data to produce a 3-D map of the surveyed area and, ultimately, trace the structure of the inner Galaxy. We give, based on the first ~1.5 years of the 5-yr-long survey, an early assessment on the basic properties and the overall quality of the VVV photometric time-series, and use these data to put an estimate of the fraction of variable stellar sources.

Dekany, I; Minniti, D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Thermodynamics in variable speed of light theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The perfect fluid in the context of a covariant variable speed of light theory proposed by J. Magueijo is studied. On the one hand the modified first law of thermodynamics together with a recipe to obtain equations of state are obtained. On the other hand the Newtonian limit is performed to obtain the nonrelativistic hydrostatic equilibrium equation for the theory. The results obtained are used to determine the time variation of the radius of Mercury induced by the variability of the speed of light ($c$), and the scalar contribution to the luminosity of white dwarfs. Using a bound for the change of that radius and combining it with an upper limit for the variation of the fine structure constant, a bound on the time variation of $c$ is set. An independent bound is obtained from luminosity estimates for Stein 2015B.

Juan Racker; Pablo Sisterna; Hector Vucetich

2009-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

Correlated spectral variability in brown dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models of brown dwarf atmospheres suggest they exhibit complex physical behaviour. Observations have shown that they are indeed dynamic, displaying small photometric variations over timescales of hours. Here I report results of infrared (0.95-1.64 micron) spectrophotometric monitoring of four field L and T dwarfs spanning timescales of 0.1-5.5 hrs, the goal being to learn more about the physical nature of this variability. Spectra are analysed differentially with respect to a simultaneously observed reference source in order to remove Earth-atmospheric variations. The variability amplitude detected is typically 2-10%, depending on the source and wavelength. I analyse the data for correlated variations between spectral indices. This approach is more robust than single band or chisq analyses, because it does not assume an amplitude for the (often uncertain) noise level (although the significance test still assumes a shape for the noise power spectrum). Three of the four targets show significant evidence for cor...

Bailer-Jones, C A L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

X-ray variability in M87  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the evidence for X-ray variability from the core and from knot A in the M87 jet based on data from two observations with the Einstein Observatory High Resolution Imager (HRI) and three observations with the ROSAT HRI. The core intensity showed a 16% increase in 17 months ('79-'80); a 12% increase in the 3 years '92 to '95; and a 17% drop in the last half of 1995. The intensity of knot A appears to have decreased by 16% between 92Jun and 95Dec. Although the core variability is consistent with general expectations for AGN nuclei, the changes in knot A provide constraints on the x-ray emission process and geometry. Thus we predict that the x-ray morphology of knot A will differ significantly from the radio and optical structure.

D. E. Harris; J. A. Biretta; W. Junor

1996-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

85

Thermodynamics in variable speed of light theories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The perfect fluid in the context of a covariant variable speed of light theory proposed by J. Magueijo is studied. On the one hand the modified first law of thermodynamics together with a recipe to obtain equations of state are obtained. On the other hand the Newtonian limit is performed to obtain the nonrelativistic hydrostatic equilibrium equation for the theory. The results obtained are used to determine the time variation of the radius of Mercury induced by the variability of the speed of light (c), and the scalar contribution to the luminosity of white dwarfs. Using a bound for the change of that radius and combining it with an upper limit for the variation of the fine structure constant, a bound on the time variation of c is set. An independent bound is obtained from luminosity estimates for Stein 2015B.

Racker, Juan [CONICET, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Avenida Bustillo 9500 (8400), San Carlos De Bariloche (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N (1900), La Plata (Argentina); Sisterna, Pablo [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350 (7600), Mar del Plata (Argentina); Vucetich, Hector [Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N (1900), La Plata (Argentina)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Variable aperture collimator for high energy radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is disclosed providing a variable aperture energy beam collimator. A plurality of beam opaque blocks are in sliding interface edge contact to form a variable aperture. The blocks may be offset at the apex angle to provide a non-equilateral aperture. A plurality of collimator block assemblies may be employed for providing a channel defining a collimated beam. Adjacent assemblies are inverted front-to-back with respect to one another for preventing noncollimated energy from emerging from the apparatus. An adjustment mechanism comprises a cable attached to at least one block and a hand wheel mechanism for operating the cable. The blocks are supported by guide rods engaging slide brackets on the blocks. The guide rods are pivotally connected at each end to intermediate actuators supported on rotatable shafts to change the shape of the aperture. A divergent collimated beam may be obtained by adjusting the apertures of adjacent stages to be unequal.

Hill, Ronald A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

87

Review of Variable Generation Integration Charges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth of wind and solar generation in the United States, and the expectation of continued growth of these technologies, dictates that the future power system will be operated in a somewhat different manner because of increased variability and uncertainty. A small number of balancing authorities have attempted to determine an 'integration cost' to account for these changes to their current operating practices. Some balancing authorities directly charge wind and solar generators for integration charges, whereas others add integration charges to projected costs of wind and solar in integrated resource plans or in competitive solicitations for generation. This report reviews the balancing authorities that have calculated variable generation integration charges and broadly compares and contrasts the methodologies they used to determine their specific integration charges. The report also profiles each balancing authority and how they derived wind and solar integration charges.

Porter, K.; Fink, S.; Buckley, M.; Rogers, J.; Hodge, B. M.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Teleportation using continuous variable quantum cloning machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that an unknown quantum state in phase space can be teleported via three-mode entanglement generated by continuous variable quantum cloning machine (transformation). Further, proceeding with our teleportation protocol we are able to improve the fidelity of teleportation obtained by Loock et.al. [Phys.Rev.Lett. 84, 3482(2000)]. Also we study here the entanglement between the two output copies from cloning machine.

Satyabrata Adhikari

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

HVAC's Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Comfort by Design Steve Jones Commercial Sales Manager for Mitsubishi Southwest Business Unit HVAC?s Variable Refrigerant Flow (VRF) Technology HVAC Industry Overview HVAC Market Dollar Volume $18 Billion Source:;NABH Research....2M Systems Ductless is a small percent of the U.S. HVAC market but current building and energy usage trends indicate a large growth opportunity Determining the Proper Application Worldwide Usage-Opportunity Window Unitary Chillers...

Jones, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Intensive Variables & Nanostructuring in Magnetostructural Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the course of this project, fundamental inquiry was carried out to investigate, understand and predict the effects of intensive variables, including the structural scale, on magnetostructural phase transitions in the model system of equiatomic FeRh. These transitions comprise simultaneous magnetic and structural phase changes that have their origins in very strong orbital-lattice coupling and thus may be driven by a plurality of effects.

Lewis, Laura

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

91

Multivector Functions of a Multivector Variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we develop with considerable details a theory of multivector functions of a $p$-vector variable. The concepts of limit, continuity and differentiability are rigorously studied. Several important types of derivatives for these multivector functions are introduced, as e.g., the $A$% -directional derivative (where $A$ is a $p$-vector) and the generalized concepts of curl, divergence and gradient. The derivation rules for different types of products of multivector functions and for compositon of multivector functions are proved.

A. M. Moya; V. V. Fernndez; W. A. Rodrigues Jr

2002-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

92

Hidden Variables and Quantum Statistics Nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the nature of quantum statistics can be clarified by assuming the existence of a background of random gravitational fields and waves, distributed isotropically in the space. This background is responsible for correlating phases of oscillations of identical microobjects. If such a background of random gravitational fields and waves is considered as hidden variables then taking it into account leads to the Bell-type inequalities that are fairly consistent with the experimental data.

T. F. Kamalov

2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

93

Variability in continuous traffic monitoring data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Each state in the United States can be viewed as a universe of road segments. For each road segment in each state, it is desired to know various traffic characteristics based on count data, classification count data, and weigh-in-motion data. These data are absolutely essential for highway design, maintenance, safety, and planning. Given no cost constraints, each road segment would be continuously monitored every day of the year. However, in practice, a few road segments are monitored continuously every day of the year to produce annual characteristics of traffic flow. The remaining road segments are monitored for one or two days each year, and this resulting data are `adjusted` (using factors based on data collected from the continuously monitored road segments) to produce estimates of annual characteristics. With this general approach, each state strives to provide estimates of annual characteristics for each road segment within its jurisdiction. In 1985, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) published the Traffic Monitoring Guide to assist states in achieving this end. As with almost any data collection effort, the monitoring data suffers from errors from many sources. In this paper, we report some empirical findings in a research project sponsored by the FHWA. This research project studied the variability in the traffic data from the continuously monitored road segments from state(s) and, the extent to which this variability is transferred to and affects the precision of the data produced from the road segments which are monitored only one or two days each year. The ultimate hope is that states will eventually be able to not only publish an estimate of a characteristic such as Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) for each road segment, but also that each estimate will be accompanied by a statement expressing how good the estimate is in terms of its estimated variability or precision, which will likely be expressed as a coefficient of variation.

Wright, T.; Hu, P.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Young, J. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Allocating Variability and Reserve Requirements (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation describes how you could conceivably allocate variability and reserve requirements, including how to allocate aggregation benefits. Conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Aggregation provides benefits because individual requirements are not 100% correlated; (2) Method needed to allocate reduced requirement among participants; (3) Differences between allocation results are subtle - (a) Not immediately obvious which method is 'better'; (b) Many are numerically 'correct', they sum to the physical requirement; (c) Many are not 'fair', Results depend on sub-aggregation and/or the order individuals are included; and (4) Vector allocation method is simple and fair.

Kirby, B.; King, J.; Milligan, M.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathi, Zakaryae (Cary, NC); Wei, Jianghua (Raleigh, NC)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Long-Term Wind Power Variability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory started collecting wind power data from large commercial wind power plants (WPPs) in southwest Minnesota with dedicated dataloggers and communication links in the spring of 2000. Over the years, additional WPPs in other areas were added to and removed from the data collection effort. The longest data stream of actual wind plant output is more than 10 years. The resulting data have been used to analyze wind power fluctuations, frequency distribution of changes, the effects of spatial diversity, and wind power ancillary services. This report uses the multi-year wind power data to examine long-term wind power variability.

Wan, Y. H.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Plasma heating in a variable magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The problem of particle acceleration in a periodically variable magnetic field that either takes a zero value or passes through zero is considered. It is shown that, each time the field [0]passes through zero, the particle energy increases abruptly. This process can be regarded as heating in the course of which plasma particles acquire significant energy within one field period. This mechanism of plasma heating takes place in the absence of collisions between plasma particles and is analogous to the mechanism of magnetic pumping in collisional plasma considered by Alfven.

Kichigin, G. N., E-mail: king@iszf.irk.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

99

Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

100

A variable parameter thermionic energy converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A VARIABLE PARAMETER THERMIONIC ENERGY CONVERTER A Thesis By Bobby Joe Bragg Submitted to the Graduate School of the Texas A 8c M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1967 Major... LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1. SIMPLE SCHEMATIC OF A THERMIONIC CONVERTER PAGE 2. POWER VS SPACING WITH A MINIMUM POWER POINT 3. POWER VS SPACING WITH NO MINIMUM POWER POINT 4. CONVERTER MOTIVE DIAGRAM~ O'E = 5. CONVERTER MOTIVE DIAGRAM~ 6. CONVERTER...

Bragg, Bobby Joe

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Crystal diffraction lens with variable focal length  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for altering the focal length of a focusing element of one of a plurality of pre-determined focal lengths by changing heat transfer within selected portions of the element by controlled quantities is disclosed. Control over heat transfer is accomplished by manipulating one or more of a number of variables, including: the amount of heat or cold applied to surfaces; type of fluids pumped through channels for heating and cooling; temperatures, directions of flow and rates of flow of fluids; and placement of channels. 19 figures.

Smither, R.K.

1991-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

102

Variable Temperature UHV STM/AFM | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlongUpdatesValley wins 2015 Science BowlVariable

103

Wave spectral energy variability in the northeast Peter D. Bromirski  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave spectral energy variability in the northeast Pacific Peter D. Bromirski Integrative January 2005; published 8 March 2005. [1] The dominant characteristics of wave energy variability] s wave spectral energy components are considered separately. Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analyses

Bromirski, Peter D.

104

Benchmarking Variable Cost Performance in an Industrial Power Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most perplexing problems for industrial power plants committed to improving competitiveness is measuring variable cost performance over time. Because variable costs like fuel and electricity represent the overwhelming majority of power...

Kane, J. F.; Bailey, W. F.

105

Bayesian variable selection in clustering via dirichlet process mixture models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

simultane- ously. I use Dirichlet process mixture models to define the cluster structure and to introduce in the model a latent binary vector to identify discriminating variables. I update the variable selection index using a Metropolis algorithm and obtain...

Kim, Sinae

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

106

Role of Smarter Grids in Variable Renewable Resource Integration (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation discusses the role of smarter grids in variable renewable resource integration and references material from a forthcoming ISGAN issue paper: Smart Grid Contributions to Variable Renewable Resource Integration, co-written by the presenter and currently in review.

Miller, M.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

New Report: Integrating Variable Wind Energy into the Grid |...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report: Integrating Variable Wind Energy into the Grid New Report: Integrating Variable Wind Energy into the Grid December 19, 2011 - 2:00pm Addthis The Energy Department and...

108

Intraseasonal variability in South America recorded in stable water isotopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intraseasonal variability in South America recorded in stable water isotopes Christophe Sturm,1 cores (South America) has illustrated the key role such archives can play in past climate South America, highlighting the internal atmospheric variability, as opposed to external forcing

Sturm, Christophe "Kristof"

109

Variable temperature seat climate control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A temperature climate control system comprises a variable temperature seat, at least one heat pump, at least one heat pump temperature sensor, and a controller. Each heat pump comprises a number of Peltier thermoelectric modules for temperature conditioning the air in a main heat exchanger and a main exchanger fan for passing the conditioned air from the main exchanger to the variable temperature seat. The Peltier modules and each main fan may be manually adjusted via a control switch or a control signal. Additionally, the temperature climate control system may comprise a number of additional temperature sensors to monitor the temperature of the ambient air surrounding the occupant as well as the temperature of the conditioned air directed to the occupant. The controller is configured to automatically regulate the operation of the Peltier modules and/or each main fan according to a temperature climate control logic designed both to maximize occupant comfort during normal operation, and minimize possible equipment damage, occupant discomfort, or occupant injury in the event of a heat pump malfunction.

Karunasiri, Tissa R. (Van Nuys, CA); Gallup, David F. (Pasadena, CA); Noles, David R. (Glendale, CA); Gregory, Christian T. (Alhambra, CA)

1997-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

110

Dynamical dark energy or variable cosmological parameters?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the main aims in the next generation of precision cosmology experiments will be an accurate determination of the equation of state (EOS) for the dark energy (DE). If the latter is dynamical, the resulting barotropic index \\omega should exhibit a non-trivial evolution with the redshift. Usually this is interpreted as a sign that the mechanism responsible for the DE is related to some dynamical scalar field, and in some cases this field may behave non-canonically (phantom field). Present observations seem to favor an evolving DE with a potential phantom phase near our time. In the literature there is a plethora of dynamical models trying to describe this behavior. Here we show that the simplest option, namely a model with a variable cosmological term, \\Lambda=\\Lambda(t), leads in general to a non-trivial effective EOS, with index \\omega_e, which may naturally account for these data features. We prove that in this case there is always a ``crossing'' of the \\omega_e=-1 barrier near our time. We also show how this effect is modulated (or even completely controled) by a variable Newton's constant G=G(t).

Joan Sola; Hrvoje Stefancic

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

111

Variably insulating portable heater/cooler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact vacuum insulation panel comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning "on" and "off" the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively preventing and allowing return of the hydrogen gas to the metal hydride. Another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a variable emissivity coating on the sheets of metal in which the emissivity is controllably variable by heat or electricity. Still another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes metal-to-metal contact devices that can be actuated to establish or break metal-to-metal heat paths or thermal short circuits between the metal sidewalls.

Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Variably insulating portable heater/cooler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact vacuum insulation panel is described comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning ``on`` and ``off`` the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively preventing and allowing return of the hydrogen gas to the metal hydride. Another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a variable emissivity coating on the sheets of metal in which the emissivity is controllably variable by heat or electricity. Still another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes metal-to-metal contact devices that can be actuated to establish or break metal-to-metal heat paths or thermal short circuits between the metal sidewalls. 25 figs.

Potter, T.F.

1998-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

113

WECC Variable Generation Planning Reference Book: Appendices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The document titled WECC Variable Generation Planning Reference Book. This book is divided into two volumes; one is the main document (volume 1)and the other is appendices (volume 2). The main document is a collection of the best practices and the information regarding the application and impact of variables generation on power system planning. This volume (appendices) has additional information on the following topics: Probabilistic load flow problems. 2. Additional useful indices. 3. high-impact low-frequency (HILF) events. 4. Examples of wide-area nomograms. 5. Transmission line ratings, types of dynamic rating methods. 6. Relative costs per MW-km of different electric power transmission technologies. 7. Ultra-high voltage (UHV) transmission. 8.High voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC). 9. HVDC. 10. Rewiring of existing transmission lines. 11. High-temperature low sag (HTLS) conductors. 12. The direct method and energy functions for transient stability analysis in power systems. 13.Blackouts caused by voltage instability. 14. Algorithm for parameter continuation predictor-corrector methods. 15. Approximation techniques available for security regions. 16. Impacts of wind power on power system small signals stability. 17. FIDVR. 18. FACTS. 19. European planning standard and practices. 20. International experience in wind and solar energy sources. 21. Western Renewable Energy Zones (WREZ). 22. various energy storage technologies. 23. demand response. 24. BA consolidation and cooperation options. 25. generator power management requirements and 26. European planning guidelines.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Du, Pengwei; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Vyakaranam, Bharat

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

114

IS ACTIVE REGION CORE VARIABILITY AGE DEPENDENT?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presence of both steady and transient loops in active region cores has been reported from soft X-ray and extreme-ultraviolet observations of the solar corona. The relationship between the different loop populations, however, remains an open question. We present an investigation of the short-term variability of loops in the core of two active regions in the context of their long-term evolution. We take advantage of the nearly full Sun observations of STEREO and Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft to track these active regions as they rotate around the Sun multiple times. We then diagnose the variability of the active region cores at several instances of their lifetime using EIS/Hinode spectral capabilities. We inspect a broad range of temperatures, including for the first time spatially and temporally resolved images of Ca XIV and Ca XV lines. We find that the active region cores become fainter and steadier with time. The significant emission measure at high temperatures that is not correlated with a comparable increase at low temperatures suggests that high-frequency heating is viable. The presence, however, during the early stages, of an enhanced emission measure in the ''hot'' (3.0-4.5 MK) and ''cool'' (0.6-0.9 MK) components suggests that low-frequency heating also plays a significant role. Our results explain why there have been recent studies supporting both heating scenarios.

Ugarte-Urra, Ignacio [College of Science, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Warren, Harry P. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

115

Interannual variability of Caribbean rainfall, ENSO and the Atlantic Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interannual variability of Caribbean rainfall, ENSO and the Atlantic Ocean Alessandra Giannini the interannual variability of Caribbean­Central American rainfall are examined. The atmospheric circulation over) and sea surface temper­ ature (SST) variability associated with Caribbean rainfall, as selected

Columbia University

116

What measures climate? A variety of variables including their variability and extreme values determine climate for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

climate zones? The sun is the ultimate power source for the climate "machine". The uneven distribution conditions. Typical variables to consider are temperature (maximum, miniumum), precipitation (includes rain, sleet, snow, hail, etc), sunlight/cloudiness, wind, humidity, ice cover, sea temperature, etc... Many

Allan, Richard P.

117

WECC Variable Generation Planning Reference Book  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This planning reference book is a document reflecting a Western Electricity Coordination Council (WECC) effort to put together multiple sources of information and provide a clear, systemic, comprehensive outline of the problems, both existing and anticipated; their impacts on the system; currently used and proposed solutions by the industry and research community; planning practices; new technologies, equipment, and standards; and expected future trends. This living (periodically updated) document could help WECC and other practicing engineers, especially the younger generation of engineers joining the workforce, to get familiar with a large variety of information related to the integration of variable resources into the WECC system, bypassing in part the need for time-consuming information gathering and learning processes from more experienced engineers or from the literature.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Du, Pengwei; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Vyakaranam, Bharat

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

118

Variable Interactions in Query-Driven Visualization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One fundamental element of scientific inquiry is discoveringrelationships, particularly the interactions between different variablesin observed or simulated phenomena. Building upon our prior work in thefield of Query-Driven Visualization, where visual data analysisprocessing is focused on subsets of large data deemed to be"scientifically interesting," this new work focuses on a novel knowledgediscovery capability suitable for use with petascale class datasets. Itenables visual presentation of the presence or absence of relationships(correlations) between variables in data subsets produced by Query-Drivenmethodologies. This technique holds great potential for enablingknowledge discovery from large and complex datasets currently emergingfrom SciDAC and INCITE projects. It is sufficiently generally to beapplicable to any time of complex, time-varying, multivariate data fromstructured, unstructured or adaptive grids.

Bethel, E. Wes; Gosink, Luke J.; Anderson, John C.; Joy, Kenneth I.

2007-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

119

Improvements of the Variable Thermal Resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A flat mounting unit with electronically variable thermal resistance [1] has been presented in the last year [2]. The design was based on a Peltier cell and the appropriate control electronics and software. The device is devoted especially to the thermal characterization of packages, e.g. in dual cold plate arrangements. Although this design meets the requirements of the static measurement we are intended to improve its parameters as the settling time and dynamic thermal impedance and the range of realized thermal resistance. The new design applies the heat flux sensor developed by our team as well [3], making easier the control of the device. This development allows even the realization of negative thermal resistances.

Szkely, V; Kollar, E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Improvements of the Variable Thermal Resistance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A flat mounting unit with electronically variable thermal resistance [1] has been presented in the last year [2]. The design was based on a Peltier cell and the appropriate control electronics and software. The device is devoted especially to the thermal characterization of packages, e.g. in dual cold plate arrangements. Although this design meets the requirements of the static measurement we are intended to improve its parameters as the settling time and dynamic thermal impedance and the range of realized thermal resistance. The new design applies the heat flux sensor developed by our team as well [3], making easier the control of the device. This development allows even the realization of negative thermal resistances.

V. Szekely; S. Torok; E. Kollar

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Continuous variable entanglement dynamics in structured reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address the evolution of entanglement in bimodal continuous variable quantum systems interacting with two independent structured reservoirs. We derive an analytic expression for the entanglement of formation without performing the Markov and the secular approximations and study in details the entanglement dynamics for various types of structured reservoirs and for different reservoir temperatures, assuming the two modes initially excited in a twin-beam state. Our analytic solution allows us to identify three dynamical regimes characterized by different behaviors of the entanglement: the entanglement sudden death, the non-Markovian revival and the non-secular revival regimes. Remarkably, we find that, contrarily to the Markovian case, the short-time system-reservoir correlations in some cases destroy quickly the initial entanglement even at zero temperature.

R. Vasile; S. Olivares; M. G. A. Paris; S. Maniscalco

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

122

Variable-field permanent magnet dipole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept for a variable-field permanent-magnet dipole (VFPMD) has been designed, fabricated, and tested at Los Alamos. The VFPMD is a C-shaped sector magnet with iron poles separated by a large block of magnet material (SmCo). The central field can be continuously varied from 0.07 T to 0.3 T by moving an iron shunt closer or further away from the back of the magnet. The shunt is specially shaped to make the dependence of the dipole field strength on the shunt position as linear as possible. The dipole has a 2.8 cm high by 8 cm wide aperture with {approximately}10 cm long poles.

Barlow, D.B.; Kraus, R.H. Jr.; Meyer, R.E.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Dissecting magnetar variability with Bayesian hierarchical models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutron stars are a prime laboratory for testing physical processes under conditions of strong gravity, high density, and extreme magnetic fields. Among the zoo of neutron star phenomena, magnetars stand out for their bursting behaviour, ranging from extremely bright, rare giant flares to numerous, less energetic recurrent bursts. The exact trigger and emission mechanisms for these bursts are not known; favoured models involve either a crust fracture and subsequent energy release into the magnetosphere, or explosive reconnection of magnetic field lines. In the absence of a predictive model, understanding the physical processes responsible for magnetar burst variability is difficult. Here, we develop an empirical model that decomposes magnetar bursts into a superposition of small spike-like features with a simple functional form, where the number of model components is itself part of the inference problem. The cascades of spikes that we model might be formed by avalanches of reconnection, or crust rupture afte...

Huppenkothen, D; Hogg, D W; Murray, I; Frean, M; Elenbaas, C; Watts, A L; Levin, Y; van der Horst, A J; Kouveliotou, C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

SLUDGE BATCH 7B GLASS VARIABILITY STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) is preparing to initiate processing Sludge Batch 7b (SB7b). In support of the upcoming processing, the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) provided a recommendation to utilize Frits 418 with a 6% Na{sub 2}O addition (26 wt% Na{sub 2}O in sludge) and 702 with a 4% Na{sub 2}O addition (24 wt% Na{sub 2}O in sludge) to process SB7b. This recommendation was based on assessments of the compositional projections for SB7b available at the time from the Savannah River Remediation (SRR). To support qualification of SB7b, SRNL executed a variability study to assess the applicability of the current durability models for SB7b. The durability models were assessed over the expected composition range of SB7b, including potential caustic additions, combined with Frits 702 and 418 over a 32-40% waste loading (WL) range. Thirty four glasses were selected based on Frits 418 and 702 coupled with the sludge projections with an additional 4-6% Na{sub 2}O to reflect the potential caustic addition. Six of these glasses, based on average nominal sludge compositions including the appropriate caustic addition, were developed for both Frit 418 and Frit 702 at 32, 36 and 40% WL to provide coverage in the center of the anticipated SB7b glass region. All glasses were fabricated and characterized using chemical composition analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the Product Consistency Test (PCT). To comply with the DWPF Glass Product Control Program, a total of thirty four glasses were fabricated to assess the applicability of the current DWPF PCCS durability models. Based on the measured PCT response, all of the glasses were acceptable with respect to the Environmental Assessment (EA) benchmark glass regardless of thermal history. The NL[B] values of the SB7b variability study glasses were less than 1.99 g/L as compared to 16.695 g/L for EA. A small number of the D-optimally selected 'outer layer' extreme vertices (EV) glasses were not predictable using the current Product Composition Control System (PCCS) models for durability, but were acceptable compared to the EA glass when tested. These glasses fell outside of the lower 95% confidence band, which demonstrates conservatism in the model. A few of the glasses fell outside of the upper 95% confidence band; however, these particular glasses have normalized release values that were much lower than the values of EA and should be of no practical concern. Per the requirements of the DWPF Glass Product Control Program, the PCCS durability models have been shown to be applicable to the SB7b sludge system with a range of Na{sub 2}O concentrations blended with Frits 418 or 702. PCT results from the glasses fabricated as part of the variability study were shown to be predictable by the current DWPF PCCS models and/or acceptable with respect to the EA benchmark glass regardless of thermal history or compositional view.

Johnson, F.; Edwards, T.

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

125

Plant variability and bio-fuel properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermochemically converting biomass feedstocks to fuels is one of the major thrusts of renewable energy research at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Among several thermochemical routes is the fast pyrolysis process which produces liquid fuels from woody and herbaceous biomass feedstocks. Because of the large variability in the composition of biomass feedstocks due to plant variety and environmental factors, it is important to assess how these variabilities affect the properties of thermochemical liquid fuels (bio-oils) produced from these resources. Similar varieties of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) that were grown at three different locations and three hybrid poplar clones that were grown at one location were used in these studies. The feedstocks were pyrolyzed in a fluidized bed reactor at 500{degrees}C. The gas products were analyzed on-line and the liquid products were analyzed for elemental composition and higher heating values. Apart from small difference in the yield of char/ash, the yields of pyrolysis oils and gases were similar for switchgrass feedstocks grown at all three locations. The char/ash yields ranged from 21.1 to 22.9%; total liquids (organic liquids + water) yields ranged from 59%-60.5%; and the gas yields ranged from 11%-12% (wt). The higher heating values (HHVs) of the oils were similar (24.3-24.6 MJ/kg). For the hybrid poplar feedstocks, total liquids (65%-69%), char/ash (10%-11%), and gas yields (15.6%-17%) were similar for all three poplar clones; however, the elemental composition and the HHVs of the pyrolysis oils had statistically significant differences. The NC5260 pyrolysis oils had lower HHV (22.0{+-}0.5 MG/kg) compared to the DN clones (23.2{+-}0.3 MJ/kg). The yields of total liquids and organics for the three clones were higher than those for the switchgrass feedstocks. The gas yields for the hybrid poplar clones were higher than for the switchgrass, but had compositions similar to those of the switchgrass feedstocks.

Agblevor, F.A.; Besler-Guran, S.; Wiselogel, A.E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

White dwarf masses in cataclysmic variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The white dwarf (WD) mass distribution of cataclysmic variables (CVs) has recently been found to dramatically disagree with the predictions of the standard CV formation model. The high mean WD mass among CVs is not imprinted in the currently observed sample of CV progenitors and cannot be attributed to selection effects. Two possibilities have been put forward: either the WD grows in mass during CV evolution, or in a significant fraction of cases, CV formation is preceded by a (short) phase of thermal time-scale mass transfer (TTMT) in which the WD gains a sufficient amount of mass. We investigate if either of these two scenarios can bring theoretical predictions and observations into agreement. We employed binary population synthesis models to simulate the present intrinsic CV population. We incorporated aspects specific to CV evolution such as an appropriate mass-radius relation of the donor star and a more detailed prescription for the critical mass ratio for dynamically unstable mass transfer. We also imp...

Wijnen, T P G; Schreiber, M R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Present and Future Modes of Low Frequency Climate Variability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project addressed area (1) of the FOA, Interaction of Climate Change and Low Frequency Modes of Natural Climate Variability. Our overarching objective is to detect, describe and understand the changes in low frequency variability between model simulations of the preindustrial climate and simulations of a doubled CO2 climate. The deliverables are a set of papers providing a dynamical characterization of interannual, decadal, and multidecadal variability in coupled models with attention to the changes in this low frequency variability between pre-industrial concentrations of greenhouse gases and a doubling of atmospheric concentrations of CO2. The principle mode of analysis, singular vector decomposition, is designed to advance our physical, mechanistic understanding. This study will include external natural variability due to solar and volcanic aerosol variations as well as variability internal to the climate system. An important byproduct is a set of analysis tools for estimating global singular vector structures from the archived output of model simulations.

Cane, Mark A.

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

128

Managing Variable Energy Resources to Increase Renewable Electricity's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Managing Variable Energy Resources to Increase Renewable Electricity's Contribution to the Grid P o Contribution of Renewable Energy to Total Electricity Generation? 15 ManaGInG VaRIablE EnERGy REsouRCEs 16 What l i c y m a k e r G u i d e #12;Variable energy resources, such as wind power, now produce about 3

129

A mini-survey for variability in early L dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report differential I-band photometry of four early L-dwarfs obtained to study variability. We detect variability on the timescale of hours in two objects, 2M0746425+200032 (at a level of 0.007 mag -- 6.5 sigma) and 2M1108307+683017 (0.012 mag -- 5 sigma). We also place upper limits of 0.02 mag (1 sigma) on the variability of two others.

F. J. Clarke; B. R. Oppenheimer; C. G. Tinney

2002-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

130

artritis reumatoide variables: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: Many particle physics analyses which need to discriminate some background process from a signal ignore event-by-event resolutions of kinematic variables. Adding...

131

Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,spatially variable water and energy balance processes J. S.modeling. Water and energy balance models are developed at

Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

atlantic oscillation variability: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

human-induced global warming, or a combination of both factors, have been suggested. Several previous studies have discussed observed multidecadal variability in the...

133

antibody variable gene: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the evolution of centrifugal... pumps and their application. The fundamentals of variable speed centrifugal pump operation are reviewed, then the advantages and evaluation...

134

ASSESSMENT OF VARIABLE EFFECTS OF SYSTEMS WITH DEMAND RESPONSE RESOURCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSESSMENT OF VARIABLE EFFECTS OF SYSTEMS WITH DEMAND RESPONSE RESOURCES BY ANUPAMA SUNIL KOWLI B of consumers - called demand response resources (DRRs) - whose role has become increasingly important

Gross, George

135

antibody variable region: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: -seasonal climate variability: simulation and prediction using POAMA-2 Andrew Marshall Debbie Hudson, Matthew management Can POAMA help fill the gap? 12;Background...

136

Process for applying control variables having fractal structures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and apparatus for the application of a control variable having a fractal structure to a body or process. The process of the present invention comprises the steps of generating a control variable having a fractal structure and applying the control variable to a body or process reacting in accordance with the control variable. The process is applicable to electroforming where first, second and successive pulsed-currents are applied to cause the deposition of material onto a substrate, such that the first pulsed-current, the second pulsed-current, and successive pulsed currents form a fractal pulsed-current waveform.

Bullock, IV, Jonathan S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lawson, Roger L. (Oliver Springs, TN)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Process for applying control variables having fractal structures  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process and apparatus are disclosed for the application of a control variable having a fractal structure to a body or process. The process of the present invention comprises the steps of generating a control variable having a fractal structure and applying the control variable to a body or process reacting in accordance with the control variable. The process is applicable to electroforming where first, second and successive pulsed-currents are applied to cause the deposition of material onto a substrate, such that the first pulsed-current, the second pulsed-current, and successive pulsed currents form a fractal pulsed-current waveform. 3 figs.

Bullock, J.S. IV; Lawson, R.L.

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

138

18.112 Functions of a Complex Variable, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The basic properties of functions of one complex variable. Cauchy's theorem, holomorphic and meromorphic functions, residues, contour integrals, conformal mapping. Infinite series and products, the gamma function, the ...

Helgason, Sigurdur, 1927-

139

18.112 Functions of a Complex Variable, Fall 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The basic properties of functions of one complex variable. Cauchy's theorem, holomorphic and meromorphic functions, residues, contour integrals, conformal mapping. Infinite series and products, the gamma function, the ...

Helgason, Sigurdur, 1927-

140

Polymorphic Typing of Variables and References GEOFFREY SMITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polymorphic Typing of Variables and References GEOFFREY SMITH Florida International University reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Authors' addresses: G. Smith, School of Computer

Smith, Geoffrey

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

th , 2012 Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase Efficiency in Gasoline Powertrains DEER Conference 2012 D. Tomazic, H. Kleeberg, S. Bowyer, FEV Inc. J....

142

Enabling High Efficiency Clean Combustion with Micro-Variable...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of variable orifice fuel injector are described that will extend the operation maps of early PCCI combustion and enable dual-mode combustion over full operating maps....

143

Variable Charge Soils: Their Mineralogy, Chemistry and Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, the mineralogy, chemistry and management of variable charge soils that are spread throughout the world are treated in details.

Qafoku, Nik; Van Ranst, Eric; Noble, Andrew; Baert, Geert

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Characterization of proper optimal elements with variable ordering ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 ... Vector optimization problems with such variable ordering structures are the topic of this manuscript. .... tions and their relations are the topic of Sect. 3.

2015-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

145

Applications of Geostatistics What is different about environmental variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in spoil/tailings/surroundings ­ Similar to modeling common in mining 3. Air ­ Similar to underground water techniques from machine learning · Examples MinE 422: Modeling Environmental Variables Resources: -Some there Types of variables of interest · Contaminants/pollution · Radiation · Precipitation · Temperature

Boisvert, Jeff

146

The variable and conserved interfaces of modeled olfactory receptor proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the odorants' contact residues in OR proteins remained unavailable. Due to the lack of X-ray crystallographicThe variable and conserved interfaces of modeled olfactory receptor proteins YITZHAK PILPEL models of other G-protein-coupled receptors, allows us to analyze the OR amino acid variability patterns

Church, George M.

147

Testing Dependence Among Serially Correlated Multi-category Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing Dependence Among Serially Correlated Multi-category Variables M. Hashem Pesaran and Allan Timmermann July 2006 CWPE 0648 Testing Dependence Among Serially Correlated... Multi-category Variables? M. Hashem Pesaran Cambridge University Allan Timmermann University of California, San Diego July 3, 2006 ?We benefitted from the comments of Herman van Dijk and Adrian Pagan and from participants at the Econometric Institute...

Pesaran, M Hashem; Timmermann, Allan

148

Rank/sparsity minimization and latent variable graphical model selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rank/sparsity minimization and latent variable graphical model selection Pablo A. Parrilo · Complication: latent variables · Rank/sparsity decomposition, and generalizations · Convex optimization cond. on other vars. 1 3 2 4 Sparse Low-rank Concentration matrix #12;Proposal for modeling · Decompose

Parrilo, Pablo A.

149

Weaving Variability into Domain Metamodels Brice Morin1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

greater learning curve for DSMLs stakeholders and a significant overhead in product line engineering. We should be designed, validated, implemented rapidly, at a low cost. The Soft- ware Product Line [1] (SPL variability capabilities. In particular we detail how variability is woven and how to perform product line

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

150

Momentum Map and Action-Angle Variables for Nambu Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Momentum map is a reduction procedure that reduces the dimension of a Hamiltonian system to the lower ones. It is shown that behavior of the action-angle variables under the momentum map generates the new action-angle variables for the reduced system considered as a Nambu structure. The symmetrical top is given as an illustration.

A. Tegmen

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

151

Assessment of genetic variability in a traditional cassava (Manihot esculenta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and of their interaction with ecological factors on the structure and evolutionary dynamics of the genetic variability the importance of the interaction between human and ecological factors in the dynamics of this diversityAssessment of genetic variability in a traditional cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) farming

152

Holographic Dark Energy Model with Modified Variable Chaplygin Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this letter we consider a correspondence between holographic dark energy and variable modified Chaplygin gas to obtain a holographic dark energy model of the universe. The corresponding potential of the scalar field has been reconstructed which describes the modified variable Chaplygin gas. The stability of the holographic dark energy in this case is also discussed.

B. C. Paul

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

153

RESEARCH ARTICLE Empirical assessment of short-term variability from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variability of solar power is a key driver in increasing the cost of integrating solar power into the electric, we characterize the variability in power output of six photovoltaic plants in the USA and Canada, already generate 9% and 22% of their electricity from wind and solar power and have found means to address

154

Solar activity and earth rotation variability R. Abarca del Rioa,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to secular times scales, meteorological and climatic data are correlated with solar variability (see reviews changes in solar output could be amplified in the Earth's atmosphere. In fact, at wavelengths not visibleSolar activity and earth rotation variability R. Abarca del Rioa, *, D. Gambisb , D. Salsteinc , P

Dai, Aiguo

155

A Variable Cell Model for Simulating Gas Condensate Reservoir Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, SPE-~~~ SPE 21428 A Variable Cell Model for Simulating Gas Condensate Reservoir Performance A of depletion performance of gas condensate reservoirs report the existence of a A variable cell model for simulating gas relatively high, near-constant, oil saturation in condensate reeervoir performance has been

Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

156

RESEARCH ARTICLE Development and characterization of a variable turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(7):10371048, 2009), where variable blockage ratio slots are located upstream of a contoured nozzle. Vortical A Nozzle exit area E Power spectral density ReD Geometric Reynolds number Rel Turbulent Reynolds number SLRESEARCH ARTICLE Development and characterization of a variable turbulence generation system A

Lieuwen, Timothy C.

157

Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and demand for flaxseed, the source of linseed oil.2 Wright noted the difficulty of obtaining estimatesInstrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural variables involved attempts to estimate demand and supply curves.1 Economists such as P.G. Wright, Henry

Ahmad, Sajjad

158

Testing of a variable-stroke Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Testing of a variable-stroke Stirling engine at NASA Lewis has been completed. In support of the US Department of Energy's Stirling Engine Highway Vehicle Systems Program, the engine was tested for about 70 hr total with both helium and hydrogen working fluids over a range of pressures and strokes. A direct comparison was made of part-load efficiencies obtained with variable-stroke and variable-pressure operation. Two failures with the variable-angle swash-plate drive system limited testing to low power levels. These failures are not thought to be caused by problems inherent in the variable-stroke concept but they do emphasize the need for careful design in the area of the crossheads where the failures occurred. This paper describes these failures and the efforts to resolve the associated problems, and presents test results that were obtained. 5 refs., 17 figs.

Thieme, L.G.; Allen, D.J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Device-Independent Quantum Cryptography for Continuous Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first device-independent quantum cryptography protocol for continuous variables. Our scheme is based on the Gottesman-Kitaev-Preskill encoding scheme whereby a qubit is embedded in the infinite-dimensional space of a quantum harmonic oscillator. The novel application of discrete-variable device-independent quantum key distribution to this encoding enables a continuous-variable analogue. Since the security of this protocol is based on discrete-variables we inherit by default security against collective attacks and, under certain memoryless assumptions, coherent attacks. We find that our protocol is valid over the same distances as its discrete-variable counterpart, except that we are able to take advantage of high efficiency commercially available detectors where, for the most part, only homodyne detection is required. This offers the potential of removing the difficulty in closing the loopholes associated with Bell inequalities.

Kevin Marshall; Christian Weedbrook

2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

160

Atomic filtering for hybrid continuous-variable/discrete-variable quantum optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate atomic filtering of frequency-degenerate photon pairs from a sub-threshold optical parametric oscillator (OPO). The filter, a modified Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter (FADOF), achieves 70% peak transmission simultaneous with 57 dB out-of-band rejection and a 445 MHz transmission bandwidth. When applied to the OPO output, only the degenerate mode, containing one-mode squeezed vacuum, falls in the filter pass-band; all other modes are strongly suppressed. The high transmission preserves non-classical continuous-variable features, e.g. squeezing or non-gaussianity, while the high spectral purity allows reliable discrete-variable detection and heralding. Correlation and atomic absorption measurements indicate a spectral purity of 96% for the individual photons, and 98% for the photon pairs. These capabilities will enable generation of atom-resonant hybrid states, e.g. "Schr\\"odinger kittens" obtained by photon subtraction from squeezed vacuum, making these exotic states available for quantum networking and atomic quantum metrology applications.

Joanna A. Zieli?ska; Federica A. Beduini; Vito Giovanni Lucivero; Morgan W. Mitchell

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

MID-INFRARED SPECTRAL VARIABILITY ATLAS OF YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical and near-infrared variability is a well-known property of young stellar objects. However, a growing number of recent studies claim that a considerable fraction of them also exhibit mid-infrared flux changes. With the aim of studying and interpreting variability on a decadal timescale, here we present a mid-infrared spectral atlas containing observations of 68 low- and intermediate-mass young stellar objects. The atlas consists of 2.5-11.6 {mu}m low-resolution spectra obtained with the ISOPHOT-S instrument on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) between 1996 and 1998, as well as 5.2-14.5 {mu}m low-resolution spectra obtained with the Infrared Spectrograph instrument on board the Spitzer Space Telescope between 2004 and 2007. The observations were retrieved from the ISO and Spitzer archives and were post-processed interactively by our own routines. For those 47 objects where multi-epoch spectra were available, we analyze mid-infrared spectral variability on annual and/or decadal timescales. We identify 37 variable candidate sources. Many stars show wavelength-independent flux changes, possibly due to variable accretion rates. In several systems, all exhibiting 10 {mu}m silicate emission, the variability of the 6-8 {mu}m continuum, and the silicate feature exhibit different amplitudes. A possible explanation is variable shadowing of the silicate-emitting region by an inner disk structure of changing height or extra silicate emission from dust clouds in the disk atmosphere. Our results suggest that mid-infrared variability, in particular, the wavelength-dependent changes, is more ubiquitous than was known before. Interpreting this variability is a new possibility for exploring the structure of the disk and its dynamical processes.

Kospal, A. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA, Leiden (Netherlands); Abraham, P.; Kun, M.; Moor, A. [Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 67, 1525 Budapest (Hungary); Acosta-Pulido, J. A. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Dullemond, C. P. [Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Albert-Ueberle-Str. 2, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Henning, Th.; Leinert, Ch. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Turner, N. J., E-mail: akospal@rssd.esa.int [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Conservation Theory Process Control Using Variable Frequency Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

name from the vari able DC voltage which the rectifier section pro duces. Variable DC voltage is required in order to produce controlled AC with the volts per hz ratio constant. To operate an AC motor over a speed range from 5-60 hz and still... be capable of producing con stant torque,the ratio: Volts ~ = Constant must be satisfied. The rectifier and inverter stages work in concert to produce variable voltage, variable frequency AC power. The linear relation ship between voltage and frequency...

Myers, N. S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Turbo-generator control with variable valve actuation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion engine incorporating a turbo-generator and one or more variably activated exhaust valves. The exhaust valves are adapted to variably release exhaust gases from a combustion cylinder during a combustion cycle to an exhaust system. The turbo-generator is adapted to receive exhaust gases from the exhaust system and rotationally harness energy therefrom to produce electrical power. A controller is adapted to command the exhaust valve to variably open in response to a desired output for the turbo-generator.

Vuk, Carl T. (Denver, IA)

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

164

Market Designs for High Levels of Variable Generation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Variable renewable generation is increasing in penetration in modern power systems, leading to higher variability in the supply and price of electricity as well as lower average spot prices. This raises new challenges, particularly in ensuring sufficient capacity and flexibility from conventional technologies. Because the fixed costs and lifetimes of electricity generation investments are significant, designing markets and regulations that ensure the efficient integration of renewable generation is a significant challenge. This papers reviews the state of play of market designs for high levels of variable generation in the United States and Europe and considers new developments in both regions.

Milligan, M.; Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Orths, A.; Lynch, M.; Soder, L.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Time resolved spectroscopy of the variable brown dwarf Kelu-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the results of observations designed to investigate the spectroscopic signatures of dust clouds on the L2 brown dwarf Kelu-1. Time resolved medium resolution spectra show no significant evidence of variability in the dust sensitive TiO, CrH and FeH bandheads on the timescale of 1--24 hours. We do however report periodic variability in the psuedo-equivelent width of H-alpha consistent with the 1.8 hour rotation period previously reported for this object Clarke, Tinney & Tolley (2002). Near-contemporaneous I-band photometry shows evidence for non-periodic variability at the level of 2%.

F. J. Clarke; C. G. Tinney; S. T. Hodgkin

2003-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

166

ENSEMBLE VARIABILITY OF NEAR-INFRARED-SELECTED ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the properties of the ensemble variability V for nearly 5000 near-infrared active galactic nuclei (AGNs) selected from the catalog of Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei (13th Edition) and the SDSS-DR7 quasar catalog. From three near-infrared point source catalogs, namely, Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS), Deep Near Infrared Survey (DENIS), and UKIDSS/LAS catalogs, we extract 2MASS-DENIS and 2MASS-UKIDSS counterparts for cataloged AGNs by cross-identification between catalogs. We further select variable AGNs based on an optimal criterion for selecting the variable sources. The sample objects are divided into subsets according to whether near-infrared light originates by optical emission or by near-infrared emission in the rest frame; and we examine the correlations of the ensemble variability with the rest-frame wavelength, redshift, luminosity, and rest-frame time lag. In addition, we also examine the correlations of variability amplitude with optical variability, radio intensity, and radio-to-optical flux ratio. The rest-frame optical variability of our samples shows negative correlations with luminosity and positive correlations with rest-frame time lag (i.e., the structure function, SF), and this result is consistent with previous analyses. However, no well-known negative correlation exists between the rest-frame wavelength and optical variability. This inconsistency might be due to a biased sampling of high-redshift AGNs. Near-infrared variability in the rest frame is anticorrelated with the rest-frame wavelength, which is consistent with previous suggestions. However, correlations of near-infrared variability with luminosity and rest-frame time lag are the opposite of these correlations of the optical variability; that is, the near-infrared variability is positively correlated with luminosity but negatively correlated with the rest-frame time lag. Because these trends are qualitatively consistent with the properties of radio-loud quasars reported by some previous studies, most of our sample objects are probably radio-loud quasars. Finally, we also discuss the negative correlations seen in the near-infrared SFs.

Kouzuma, S. [School of International Liberal Studies, Chukyo University, Toyota 470-0393 (Japan); Yamaoka, H., E-mail: skouzuma@lets.chukyo-u.ac.jp, E-mail: yamaoka@phys.kyushu-u.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Optimal combined wind power forecasts using exogeneous variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal combined wind power forecasts using exogeneous variables Fannar ¨Orn Thordarson Kongens of the thesis is combined wind power forecasts using informations from meteorological forecasts. Lyngby, January

168

Multi-variable optimization of pressurized oxy-coal combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simultaneous multi-variable gradient-based optimization with multi-start is performed on a 300 MWe wet-recycling pressurized oxy-coal combustion process with carbon capture and sequestration. The model accounts for realistic ...

Zebian, Hussam

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Variable Selection and Inference for Multi-period Forecasting Problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable Selection and Inference for Multi-period Forecasting Problems? M. Hashem Pesaran Cambridge University and USC Andreas Pick De Nederlandsche Bank and Cambridge University, CIMF Allan Timmermann UC San Diego and CREATES January 26, 2009...

Pesaran, M Hashem; Pick, Andreas; Timmermann, Allan

170

Stochastic Estimation of Multi-Variable Human Ankle Mechanical Impedance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article presents preliminary stochastic estimates of the multi-variable human ankle mechanical impedance. We employed Anklebot, a rehabilitation robot for the ankle, to provide torque perturbations. Time histories of ...

Rastgaar Aagaah, Mohammad

171

The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit for space habitation and exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) is a countermeasure suit for sensorimotor adaptation and musculoskeletal deconditioning in microgravity. The V2suit will consist of modules containing arrays of control ...

Vasquez, Rebecca (Rebecca Ann)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Variable Frequency Motor Drives: Harmonics, Power Factor, and Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable frequency motor drives (VFD's) have been on the market for many years. Early versions were unreliable and prone to failure. Relatively recent developments in Pulse-Width Modulated (PWM) waveform technology have improved VFD reliability...

Massey, G. W.

173

Modeling and Estimating Current Harmonics of Variable Electronic Loads  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper develops a model for relating input current harmonic content to real power consumption for variable electronic loads, specifically for loads' actively controlled inverters energized by an uncontrolled rectification ...

Wichakool, Warit

174

The variability of warm absorbers in Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents three studies of warm (photoionized) absorber variability in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) using high-resolution X-ray spectra provided by the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating (HETG). The first ...

Gibson, Robert R. (Robert Ross)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Reduction of tropical land region precipitation variability via transpiration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical rainforests are known to exhibit low intraseasonal precipitation variability compared with oceanic areas with similar mean precipitation in observations and models. In the present study, the potential role of ...

Lee, Jung-Eun

176

Quantifying the Variable Effects of Systems with Demand Response Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantifying the Variable Effects of Systems with Demand Response Resources Anupama Kowli and George in the electricity industry. In particular, there is a new class of consumers, called demand response resources (DRRs

Gross, George

177

Managing forecast variability in a build-to-order environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In any production environment, managing demand variability is a delicate balancing act. Firms must constantly weigh potential obsolescence costs of unused inventory (should sales not materialize) against potential expedite ...

Einhorn, Marshall

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Renormalization group maps for Ising models in lattice gas variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real space renormalization group maps, e.g., the majority rule transformation, map Ising type models to Ising type models on a coarser lattice. We show that each coefficient of the renormalized Hamiltonian in the lattice gas variables depends on only a finite number of values of the renormalized Hamiltonian. We introduce a method which computes the values of the renormalized Hamiltonian with high accuracy and so computes the coefficients in the lattice gas variables with high accuracy. For the critical nearest neighbor Ising model on the square lattice with the majority rule transformation, we compute over 1,000 different coefficients in the lattice gas variable representation of the renormalized Hamiltonian and study the decay of these coefficients. We find that they decay exponentially in some sense but with a slow decay rate. We also show that the coefficients in the spin variables are sensitive to the truncation method used to compute them.

Tom Kennedy

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

alleles causing variable: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

age of a neutral allele as a function of its Slatkin, Montgomery 13 Entropy Shows that Global Warming Should Cause Increased Variability in the Weather Physics (arXiv) Summary:...

180

Burner Designs and Controls for Variable Air Preheat Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and batch type melting operations resulting in cyclic or variable air preheat temperatures will be discussed. Fuel savings relating to the use of recuperation and various types of fuel/air ratio systems will also be discussed....

Lied, C. R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Studies of climate variability in a simple coupled model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mechanisms of variability of a coupled atmosphere-ocean model are investigated through the study of two coupled configurations: an aquaplanet in which gyres are absent, and an aquaplanet in which a ridge extending from ...

Abiven, Claude

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

A New Luminous Blue Variable in M31  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the fifth confirmed Luminous Blue Variable/S Doradus variable in M31. In 2006, J004526.62+415006.3 had the spectrum of hot Fe II emission line star with strong P Cygni profiles in the Balmer lines. In 2010, its absorption line spectrum resembled an early A-type supergiant with H and Fe II emission lines with strong P Cygni profiles, and in 2013 the spectrum had fully transitioned to an F-type supergiant due to the formation of the optically thick, cool wind which characterizes LBVs at maximum light. The photometric record supports the LBV/S Dor nature of the variability. Its bolometric luminosity ~ -9.65 mag places it on the HR Diagram near the known LBVs, AE And, Var C in M33 and S Dor.

Humphreys, Roberta M; Gordon, Michael S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Blazar Variability and Evolution in the GeV Regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most important problem of the blazar astrophysics is to understand the physical origin of the blazar sequence. In this study, we focus on the GeV gamma-ray variability of blazars and evolution perspective we search the relation between the redshift and the variability amplitude of blazars for each blazar subclass. We analyzed the Fermi-LAT data of the TeV blazars and the bright AGNs (flux $\\geq$ 4$\\times10^{-9}$ cm$^{-2}$s$^{-1}$) selected from the 2LAC (the 2nd LAT AGN catalog) data base. As a result, we found a hint of the correlation between the redshift and the variability amplitude in the FSRQs. Furthermore the BL Lacs which have relatively lower peak frequency of the synchrotron radiation and relatively lower redshift, have a tendency to have a smaller variability amplitude.

Tsujimoto, S; Nishijima, K; Kodani, K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Impact of geometric variability on compressor repeating-stage performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of geometric variability on compressor performance is investigated using a compressor repeating-stage model based on well-known correlations for profile losses, endwall blockage, deviation, and the onset of ...

Vincent, Antoine, 1979-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Original article Genetic variability and stability of poultry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Genetic variability and stability of poultry feeding related characters in wheat the characters affecting poultry feeding, except phosphorus, genotypic effects were highly significant. However content and yield, no antagonism between productivity and poultry feeding related characters appeared

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

186

Coefficient quantization effects in block state variable digital filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COEFFICIENT QUANTIZATION EFFECTS IN BLOCK STATE VARIABLE DIGITAL FILTERS A Thesis by KAB JOO LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering COEFFICIENT QIJANTIZATIOU EFFECTS IN l3LOCI~ STATE VARIABLE DIGITAL FILTERS A Thesis hs IiAB JOO LEE Approved as to style and content by: WVilliam G. )3liss (Chair of Comnaittee) Norman C...

Lee, Kab Joo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

187

A STATE VARIABLE DESCRIPTION OF THE RHIC RF CONTROL LOOPS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The beam transfer function changes during the RHIC ramp. The response of the RF control loops changes as a result. A state-variable description of the beam and the RF control loops was developed. This description was used to generate a set of feedback matrices that keeps the response of the RF control loops constant during the ramp. This paper describes the state-variable description and its use in determining the K matrices.

SCHULTHEISS,C.; BRENNAN,J.M.

2002-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

188

El Nio Southern Oscillation Variability from 1871-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EL NI?O SOUTHERN OSCILLATION VARIABILITY FROM 1871-2008 A Dissertation by SULAGNA RAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR..., Ping Chang Achim Stoessel Ramalingam Saravanan Head of Department, Piers Chapman December 2011 Major Subject: Oceanography iii ABSTRACT El Ni?o Southern Oscillation Variability from 1871-2008. (December 2011) Sulagna Ray, B.S.; M...

Ray, Sulagna

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

189

Variable Renewable Energy: a Regulatory Roadmap (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is not a one-size-fits-all approach to the regulation of variable renewable energy (VRE), but international experience reveals many approaches that are proving successful. Drawing upon research and experiences from various international contexts, the 21st Century Power Partnership in conjunction with the Clean Energy Solutions Center and Clean Energy Regulators Initiative identified key issues and ideas that have emerged as variable deployment has grown. The Power Partnership research, published in 2014, identified four broad categories of regulatory issues.

Not Available

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Explaining finite state machine characteristics using variable structure control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes how variable structure control can be used to describe the overall behavior of multiple autonomous robotic vehicles with simple finite state machine rules. The importance of this result is that it allows for the design of provably asymptotically stable group behaviors from a set of simple control laws and appropriate switching points with variable structure control. The ability to prove convergence to a goal is especially important for applications such as locating military targets or land mines.

Feddema, J.T.; Robinett, R.D.; Driessen, B.J.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Predicting scorpion sting incidence in an endemic region using climatological variables*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting scorpion sting incidence in an endemic region using climatological variables* G. CHOWELL in Mexico. We analysed the significance of climatological variables to predict the incidence of scorpion seasonal pattern that correlates to climatological variables. An increase in scorpion activity

Chowell, Gerardo

192

Operations for inference in continuous Bayesian networks with linear deterministic variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An important class of continuous Bayesian networks are those that have linear conditionally deterministic variables (a variable that is a linear deterministic function of its parents). In this case, the joint density function for the variables...

Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Analyzing and simulating the variability of solar irradiance and solar PV powerplants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Term Variability of Solar Power. , 2010. [20] A. Mills, M.Term Variability of Solar Power. , 2010. [7] R. Perez, S.Term Variability of Solar Power, LBNL Report No. 3884E, (

Lave, Matthew S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart Grid, and specifically AMI, can play in mitigating variable generation integrationSmart Grid could be the silver bullet for mitigating variable generation integrationSmart Grid could be the silver bullet for mitigating variable generation integration

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Control of entity interactions in a hierarchical variable resolution simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has long been interest in variable resolution modeling to support military analysis for a broad range of interest areas. Despite the ever-present desire for models of greater fidelity at the expense of analysis and computation resources, models of moderate to low fidelity are still required at many levels of decision-making. Problems can arise due to the issue of consistency among the family of models used for analysis. To address this and other problems, models of variable resolution have been suggested. However, such variable resolution architectures inherently carry their own set of issues which must be resolved in order to be useful. First, what are the structural requirements for a variable resolution model; and second, how are interactions between entities governed, especially when the entities have different resolutions? This paper addresses these issues and discusses key mechanisms needed to develop a variable resolution combat simulation that meets several core requirements for such models: seamless aggregation/disaggregation, appropriate interactions between entities of differing resolution, and control of the aggregation/disaggregation process.

Powell, D.R.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Control of entity interactions in a hierarchical variable resolution simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There has long been interest in variable resolution modeling to support military analysis for a broad range of interest areas. Despite the ever-present desire for models of greater fidelity at the expense of analysis and computation resources, models of moderate to low fidelity are still required at many levels of decision-making. Problems can arise due to the issue of consistency among the family of models used for analysis. To address this and other problems, models of variable resolution have been suggested. However, such variable resolution architectures inherently carry their own set of issues which must be resolved in order to be useful. First, what are the structural requirements for a variable resolution model; and second, how are interactions between entities governed, especially when the entities have different resolutions? This paper addresses these issues and discusses key mechanisms needed to develop a variable resolution combat simulation that meets several core requirements for such models: seamless aggregation/disaggregation, appropriate interactions between entities of differing resolution, and control of the aggregation/disaggregation process.

Powell, D.R.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

A PHOTOMETRICALLY AND MORPHOLOGICALLY VARIABLE INFRARED NEBULA IN L483  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present narrow and broad K-band observations of the Class 0/I source IRAS 18148-0440 that span 17 years. The infrared nebula associated with this protostar in the L483 dark cloud is both morphologically and photometrically variable on a timescale of only a few months. This nebula appears to be an infrared analog to other well known optically visible variable nebulae associated with young stars, such as Hubble's Variable Nebula. Along with Cepheus A, this is one of the first large variable nebulae to be found that is only visible in the infrared. The variability of this nebula is most likely due to changing illumination of the cloud rather than any motion of the structure in the nebula. Both morphological and photometric changes are observed on a timescale only a few times longer than the light crossing time of the nebula, suggesting very rapid intrinsic changes in the illumination of the nebula. Our narrowband observations also found that H{sub 2} knots are found nearly twice as far to the east of the source as to its west, and that H{sub 2} emission extends farther east of the source than the previously known CO outflow.

Connelley, Michael S. [NASA Ames Research Center, MS 245-6, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Hodapp, Klaus W. [University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy, 640 N. Aohoku Pl., Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Fuller, Gary A. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, Alan Turing Building, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Superconducting fault current-limiter with variable shunt impedance  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting fault current-limiter is provided, including a superconducting element configured to resistively or inductively limit a fault current, and one or more variable-impedance shunts electrically coupled in parallel with the superconducting element. The variable-impedance shunt(s) is configured to present a first impedance during a superconducting state of the superconducting element and a second impedance during a normal resistive state of the superconducting element. The superconducting element transitions from the superconducting state to the normal resistive state responsive to the fault current, and responsive thereto, the variable-impedance shunt(s) transitions from the first to the second impedance. The second impedance of the variable-impedance shunt(s) is a lower impedance than the first impedance, which facilitates current flow through the variable-impedance shunt(s) during a recovery transition of the superconducting element from the normal resistive state to the superconducting state, and thus, facilitates recovery of the superconducting element under load.

Llambes, Juan Carlos H; Xiong, Xuming

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

199

A single dimensionless variable for solar chimney power plant modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The solar chimney power plant is a relatively new technology for generating electricity from solar energy. In this paper dimensional analysis is used together with engineering intuition to combine eight primitive variables into only one dimensionless variable that establishes a dynamic similarity between a prototype and its scaled models. Three physical configurations of the plant were numerically tested for similarity: fully geometrically similar, partially geometrically similar, and dissimilar types. The values of the proposed dimensionless variable for all these cases were found to be nominally equal to unity. The value for the physical plant actually built and tested previously was also evaluated and found to be about the same as that of the numerical simulations, suggesting the validity of the proposition. The physical meaning of this dimensionless (similarity) variable is also interpreted; and the connection between the Richardson number and this new variable was found. It was found also that, for a fixed solar heat flux, different-sized models that are fully or partially geometrically similar share an equal excess temperature across the roof outlet. (author)

Koonsrisuk, Atit; Chitsomboon, Tawit [School of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Suranaree University of Technology, Muang District, Nakhon Ratchasima 30000 (Thailand)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Intra-hour wind power variability assessment using the conditional range metric : quantification, forecasting and applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The research presented herein concentrates on the quantification, assessment and forecasting of intra-hour wind power variability. Wind power is intrinsically variable and, due to the (more)

Boutsika, Thekla

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigerant flow systems and ground source heat pump systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of energy efficiency between variable refrigeranttheir superior energy efficiency. The variable refrigerantfew studies reporting the energy efficiency of VRF systems

Hong, Tainzhen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Integration of Variable Generation and Cost-Causation (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Variable renewable energy generation sources, such as wind and solar energy, provide benefits such as reduced environmental impact, zero fuel consumption, and low and stable costs. Advances in both technologies can reduce capital costs and provide significant control capabilities. However, their variability and uncertainty - which change with weather conditions, time of day, and season - can cause an increase in power system operating costs compared to a fully controllable power plant. Although a number of studies have assessed integration costs, calculating them correctly is challenging because it is difficult to accurately develop a baseline scenario without variable generation that properly accounts for the energy value. It is also difficult to appropriately allocate costs given the complex, nonlinear interactions between resources and loads.

Not Available

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Removing the Microlensing Blending-Parallax Degeneracy Using Source Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microlensing event MACHO 97-SMC-1 is one of the rare microlensing events for which the source is a variable star, simply because most variable stars are systematically eliminated from microlensing studies. Using observational data for this event, we show that the intrinsic variability of a microlensed star is a powerful tool to constrain the nature of the lens by breaking the degeneracy between the microlens parallax and the blended light. We also present a statistical test for discriminating the location of the lens based on the \\chi^2 contours of the vector \\Lambda, the inverse of the projected velocity. We find that while SMC self lensing is somewhat favored, neither location can be ruled out with good confidence.

Assef, R J; Afonso, C; Albert, J N; Andersen, J; Ansari, R; Aubourg, E; Bareyre, P; Beaulieu, J P; Charlot, X; Coutures, C; Ferlet, R; Fouqu, P; Glicenstein, J F; Goldman, B; Graff, D; Gros, M; Hassinski, J; Hamadache, C; De Kat, J; Le Guillou, Laurent; Lesquoy, E; Loup, C; Magneville, C; Marquette, J B; Maurice, E; Maury, A; Milsztajn, A; Moniez, M; Palanque-Delabrouille, Nathalie; Perdereau, O; Rahal, Y R; Rich, J; Spiro, M; Tisserand, P; Vidal-Madjar, A; Vigroux, L; Zylberajch, S; Bennett, D P; Becker, A C; Griest, K; Vandehei, T; Welch, D L; Udalski, A; Szymanski, M K; Kubiak, M; Pietrzynski, G; Soszynski, I; Szewczyk, O; Wyrzykowski, L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Towards the Light Front Variables for High Energy Production Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scale invariant presentation of inclusive spectra in terms of light front variables is proposed. The variables introduced go over to the well-known scaling variables x_F = 2p_z/sqrt(s) and x_T=2p_T/sqrt{s} in the high p_z and high p_T limits respectively. So Some surface is found in the phase space of produced pi-mesons in the inclusive reaction anti p p -> pi+- X at 22.4 GeV/c, which separates two groups of particles with significantly different characteristics. In one of these regions a naive statistical model seems to be in a good agreement with data, whereas it fails in the second region. Key words: Light front, inclusive, hadron-hadron, electron-positron, relativistic heavy ions, deep inelastic.

N. S. Amaglobeli; S. M. Esakia; V. R. Garsevanishvili; G. O. Kuratashvili; N. K. Kutsidi; R. A. Kvatadze; Yu V. Tevzadze; T. P. Topuria

1997-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

205

The role of an accretion disk in AGN variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optically thick accretion disks are considered to be important ingredients of luminous AGN. The claim of their existence is well supported by observations and recent years brought some progress in understanding of their dynamics. However, the role of accretion disks in optical/UV/X-ray variability of AGN is not quite clear. Most probably, in short timescales the disk reprocesses the variable X-ray flux but at longer timescales the variations of the disk structure lead directly to optical/UV variations as well as affect, or even create, the X-ray variability pattern. We urgently need a considerable progress in time-dependent disk models to close the gap between the theory and the stream of data coming from the AGN monitoring.

B. Czerny

2004-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

206

Quantum simulation of quantum field theory using continuous variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Much progress has been made in the field of quantum computing using continuous variables over the last couple of years. This includes the generation of extremely large entangled cluster states (10,000 modes, in fact) as well as a fault tolerant architecture. This has led to the point that continuous-variable quantum computing can indeed be thought of as a viable alternative for universal quantum computing. With that in mind, we present a new algorithm for continuous-variable quantum computers which gives an exponential speedup over the best known classical methods. Specifically, this relates to efficiently calculating the scattering amplitudes in scalar bosonic quantum field theory, a problem that is believed to be hard using a classical computer. Building on this, we give an experimental implementation based on cluster states that is feasible with today's technology.

Kevin Marshall; Raphael Pooser; George Siopsis; Christian Weedbrook

2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

207

Towards the Light Front Variables for High Energy Production Processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scale invariant presentation of inclusive spectra in terms of light front variables is proposed. The variables introduced go over to the well-known scaling variables x_F = 2p_z/sqrt(s) and x_T=2p_T/sqrt{s} in the high p_z and high p_T limits respectively. So Some surface is found in the phase space of produced pi-mesons in the inclusive reaction anti p p -> pi+- X at 22.4 GeV/c, which separates two groups of particles with significantly different characteristics. In one of these regions a naive statistical model seems to be in a good agreement with data, whereas it fails in the second region. Key words: Light front, inclusive, hadron-hadron, electron-positron, relativistic heavy ions, deep inelastic.

Amaglobeli, N S; Garsevanishvili, V R; Kuratashvili, G O; Kutsidi, N K; Kvatadze, R A; Tevzadze, Yu V; Topuria, T P; Tevzadze, Yu V.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

NREL Variability and Reserves Analysis for the Western Interconnect (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Additional variability and uncertainty increase reserve requirements. In this light, this presentation discusses how use of generation reserves can be optimized for managing variability and uncertainty. Conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Provided a method for calculating additional reserve requirements due to wind and solar production; (2) Method is based on statistical analysis of historical time series data; (3) Reserves are dynamic, produced for each hour; (4) Reserve time series are calculated from and synchronized to simulation data; (5) PROMOD can not model directly, but workarounds exist for regulation and spin; and (6) Other production modeling packages have varying capability for reserves modeling.

Milligan, M.; King, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

On the near infrared variability of chemically peculiar stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some CP stars have recently been discovered by Catalano et al. (1991) to be variable also in the near infrared, although with smaller amplitudes than in the visible. Hence an observational campaign was started in which the infrared light variability of a number of CP2 and CP4 stars has been investigated at the ESO-La Silla Observatory in the bands J, H, and K. As a general result, infrared variations show the same behavior in all three filters but amplitudes are smaller than in the visible.

F. A. Catalano; F. Leone

1998-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

210

Implementing the DC Mode in Cosmological Simulations with Supercomoving Variables  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

As emphasized by previous studies, proper treatment of the density fluctuation on the fundamental scale of a cosmological simulation volume - the 'DC mode' - is critical for accurate modeling of spatial correlations on scales ~> 10% of simulation box size. We provide further illustration of the effects of the DC mode on the abundance of halos in small boxes and show that it is straightforward to incorporate this mode in cosmological codes that use the 'supercomoving' variables. The equations governing evolution of dark matter and baryons recast with these variables are particularly simple and include the expansion factor, and hence the effect of the DC mode, explicitly only in the Poisson equation.

Gnedin, Nickolay Y.; Kravtsov, Andrey V.; Rudd, Douglas H.

2011-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

211

Relationship between gradient and EM steps in latent variable models.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes random search, standard gradientbased algorithms, line search methods such as conjugate gradient to to first order method operat ing on the gradient of a locally reshaped likelihood function. DirectRelationship between gradient and EM steps in latent variable models. Ruslan Salakhutdinov Sam

Roweis, Sam

212

Relationship between gradient and EM steps in latent variable models.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes random search, standard gradient-based algorithms, line search methods such as conjugate gradient to to first order method operat- ing on the gradient of a locally reshaped likelihood function. DirectRelationship between gradient and EM steps in latent variable models. Ruslan Salakhutdinov Sam

Roweis, Sam

213

HEART RATE VARIABILITY AS DETERMINISM WITH JUMP STOCHASTIC PARAMETERS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HEART RATE VARIABILITY AS DETERMINISM WITH JUMP STOCHASTIC PARAMETERS JIONGXUAN ZHENG, JOE SKUFCA, AND ERIK BOLLT§ Abstract. We use measured heart rate information (RR intervals) to develop a one with persistence which causes the heart rate and rhythm system to wander about a bifurcation point. We propose

Bollt, Erik

214

Vector Boson Fusion Higgs Production at the LHC - Mass Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There exist substantial backgrounds to the vector boson fusion production of Higgs at the LHC. Mass variables are studied which may alleviate the need to assume a spin zero WW resonance in order to achieve a sufficient signal to noise ratio in the two jet plus two lepton and missing energy final state.

Dan Green

2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

215

Total Solar Irradiance Variability and the Solar Activity Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is suggested that the solar variability is due to the perturbed nature of the solar core and this variability is provided by the variability of the solar neutrino flux from the solar neutrino detectors i.e., Homestake, Superkamiokande, SAGE and GALLEX-GNO. The solar neutrino flux in the standard solar model (SSM) was calculated on the assumption of L_nu (neutrino luminosity) = L_gamma (optical luminosity) which implies that if there is a change in optical luminosity then solar neutrino flux data will also be changed. An internal dynamo due to the cyclic variation of nuclear energy generation inside the core of the sun is responsible for the solar activity cycle was suggested and thus the internal magnetic field is also variable. Again the changes in the nuclear energy generation induce structural changes that result in variations of the global solar parameters i.e., luminosity, radius and temperatures etc. From the analysis of total solar irradiance (TSI) data during the year from 1970 to 2003 we have found five phases within the solar activity cycle. The first phase (I) starts before two years from the sunspot minimum. The second phase (II) starts at the time of sunspot minimum and phase (III) starts before 2/3 years from sunspot maximum whereas phase (IV) starts at sunspot maximum and fifth phase (V) starts at after 2-3 years from sunspot maximum.

Probhas Raychaudhuri

2006-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

216

Optimal Scheduling under Variable Electricity Pricing and Availability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

due dates · Location of event points ­ At demand points ­ At some energy pricing/availability levels periods with same energy pricing/power level · Only valid for single stage plants November 11, 2009 EnergyOptimal Scheduling under Variable Electricity Pricing and Availability Pedro M. Castro Iiro

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

217

Tidal Stage Variability of Fecal Coliform and Chlorophyll a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

leachates, leaking sewer mains, wild and do- mestic animal wastes, and runo. However, the inter- action environmental hazards, to enter an estuarine environment characterized by high variability regarding temperature to understanding both the basic ecology of tidal creeks and the applied aspects of sampling protocols and pollutant

Mallin, Michael

218

Offshore Series Wind Turbine Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.6MW Offshore Series Wind Turbine GE Energy #12;Feature Variable Hub heights & rotor diameters-savings feature, considering the rigors of offshore power generation. The 3.6 MW offshore wind turbine also, for both on and offshore use. Special features include... As the world's first commercially available wind

Firestone, Jeremy

219

Sources of Variability for the Single -Comparator Method in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· RlM-M-2141 Sources of Variability for the Single - Comparator Method in a Heavy Water Reactor E for neutron acti- vation analysis were installed in the reactor DR 3, which is a heavy water cooled are located in the vertical tubes extending into the heavy water as shown in Fig. 1. Their characteristic

220

Thermoelectric Properties of Superlattice Materials with Variably Spaced Layers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermoelectric Properties of Superlattice Materials with Variably Spaced Layers T.D. Musho Interdisciplinary Materials Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA D.G. Walker Department of electronic level alignment. We have investigated the thermoelectric proper- ties of VSSL structures using

Walker, D. Greg

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on understanding surface sources and sinks of CO2 and the biosphere's ability to offset anthropogenic carbon is thought to be a large source of interannual variability in the global carbon cycle, only vaguely.1029/2008JG000718. 1. Introduction [2] The rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide, its relation to global warming

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

222

Control of Variable Geometry Turbocharged Diesel Engines for Reduced Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

torque output as compared to (non-turbocharged) naturally aspirated engines 13]. The power generated- ifold pressure, increased power generation by the turbine and increased ow of air from compressorControl of Variable Geometry Turbocharged Diesel Engines for Reduced Emissions A.G. Stefanopoulouz

Stefanopoulou, Anna

223

Effective Theories of Coupled Classical and Quantum Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address the issue of coupling variables which are essentially classical to variables that are quantum. Two approaches are discussed. In the first (based on collaborative work with L.Di\\'osi), continuous quantum measurement theory is used to construct a phenomenological description of the interaction of a quasiclassical variable $X$ with a quantum variable $x$, where the quasiclassical nature of $X$ is assumed to have come about as a result of decoherence. The state of the quantum subsystem evolves according to the stochastic non-linear Schr\\"odinger equation of a continuously measured system, and the classical system couples to a stochastic c-number $\\x (t)$ representing the imprecisely measured value of $x$. The theory gives intuitively sensible results even when the quantum system starts out in a superposition of well-separated localized states. The second approach involves a derivation of an effective theory from the underlying quantum theory of the combined quasiclassical--quantum system, and uses the decoherent histories approach to quantum theory.

J. J. Halliwell

1998-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

224

Variability of urea concentration in camel milk in Kazakhstan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Note Variability of urea concentration in camel milk in Kazakhstan Bernard FAYE 1*, Gaukhar University Al Farabi, 71 av. Al-Farabi, 050040 Almaty, Kazakhstan Received 12 February 2010 Revised 4 March interpretable variation factors. In 102 milk samples collected in Kazakhstan, at four seasons of the year

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

225

Red giant variables: OGLE--II and MACHO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the recent impact of microlensing projects on our understanding of pulsating red giant stars. Discussed are red giant stars' pulsation properties (period--luminosity relations, period changes, mode switchings), Red Giant Branch pulsations, metallicity effects and the use of red giant variables to explore galactic structure.

L. L. Kiss; P. Lah

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

226

Adaptive Calculation of Variable Coefficients Elliptic Differential Equations via Wavelets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Description Generating a "good" discrete representation for continuous operators is one of the basic problemsAdaptive Calculation of Variable Coefficients Elliptic Differential Equations via Wavelets Amir rather than in the original physical space can speed up the performance of the sparse solver by a factor

Averbuch, Amir

227

Capturing Variability in Business Process Models: The Provop Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capturing Variability in Business Process Models: The Provop Approach Alena Hallerbach1 , Thomas be transferred to cross-organizational business processes as well [4]. A business process model captures models there exists a multitude of tools like ARIS Business Architect [5], ADONIS [6], and Web

Ulm, Universität

228

Variable Responses of Lowland Tropical Forest Nutrient Status  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable Responses of Lowland Tropical Forest Nutrient Status to to play a key role in nutrient retention. We discuss our findings in the context of possible impacts Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 387 #12;growth not only alters forests' nutrient demands but also

Harms, Kyle E.

229

Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation in the case of variable friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the small mass asymptotics (Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation) for the Langevin equation with a variable friction coefficient. The limit of the solution in the classical sense does not exist in this case. We study a modification of the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation. Some applications of the Smoluchowski-Kramers approximation to problems with fast oscillating or discontinuous coefficients are considered.

Mark Freidlin; Wenqing Hu

2012-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

230

On local-hidden-variable no-go theorems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The strongest attack against quantum mechanics came in 1935 in the form of a paper by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen. It was argued that the theory of quantum mechanics could not be called a complete theory of Nature, for every element of reality is not represented in the formalism as such. The authors then put forth a proposition: we must search for a theory where, upon knowing everything about the system, including possible hidden variables, one could make precise predictions concerning elements of reality. This project was ultimatly doomed in 1964 with the work of Bell Bell, who showed that the most general local hidden variable theory could not reproduce correlations that arise in quantum mechanics. There exist mainly three forms of no-go theorems for local hidden variable theories. Although almost every physicist knows the consequences of these no-go theorems, not every physicist is aware of the distinctions between the three or even their exact definitions. Thus we will discuss here the three principal forms of no-go theorems for local hidden variable theories of Nature. We will define Bell inequalities, Bell inequalities without inequalities and pseudo-telepathy. A discussion of the similarities and differences will follow.

A. A. Methot

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

231

Fast Bayesian Variable Selection Algorithms for High Dimensional Genomics Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anderson Cancer Center, USA Abstract Large-scale molecular genomics assays such as gene and micro of many diseases, especially cancer. However, the solution to such a problem requires exploring a large predict survival times of patients with brain cancer. Our method finds small sets of variables

Ordonez, Carlos

232

Variable-amplitude oscillatory shear response of amorphous materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable-amplitude oscillatory shear tests are emerging as powerful tools to investigate and quantify the nonlinear rheology of amorphous solids, complex fluids and biological materials. Quite a few recent experimental and atomistic simulation studies demonstrated that at low shear amplitudes, an amorphous solid settles into an amplitude- and initial conditions-dependent dissipative limit cycle, in which back-and-forth localized particle rearrangements periodically bring the system to the same state. At sufficiently large shear amplitudes, the amorphous system loses memory of the initial conditions, exhibits chaotic particle motions accompanied by diffusive behavior and settles into a stochastic steady-state. The two regimes are separated by a transition amplitude, possibly characterized by some critical-like features. Here we argue that these observations support some of the physical assumptions embodied in the nonequilibrium thermodynamic, internal-variables based, Shear-Transformation-Zone model of amorphous visco-plasticity; most notably that "flow defects" in amorphous solids are characterized by internal states between which they can make transitions, and that structural evolution is driven by dissipation associated with plastic deformation. We present a rather extensive theoretical analysis of the thermodynamic Shear-Transformation-Zone model for a variable-amplitude oscillatory shear protocol, highlighting its success in accounting for various experimental and simulational observations, as well as its limitations. Our results offer a continuum-level theoretical framework for interpreting the variable-amplitude oscillatory shear response of amorphous solids and may promote additional developments.

Nathan Perchikov; Eran Bouchbinder

2014-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

233

Trapping and Frequency Variability in Electron Acoustic Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trapping and Frequency Variability in Electron Acoustic Waves C.F. Driscoll, F. Anderegg, D 92093 USA Abstract. Electron Acoustic Waves (EAWs) with a phase velocity less than twice the plasma Langmuir waves, and at large excitations resonance is observed over a broad range. Laser Induced

California at San Diego, University of

234

Variable Latency Turbo Codes for Wireless Multimedia Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable Latency Turbo Codes for Wireless Multimedia Applications Matthew C. Valenti and Brian D acceptable latency and Bit Error Rate BER or Frame Error Rate FER. In turbo coded systems a tradeo between an adaptive turbo coding strategy for wire- less multimedia communications that incor- porates a set

Valenti, Matthew C.

235

Nonparametric estimation of econometric models with categorical variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-validated smoothing parameters differ in their asymptotic behavior depending on whether a variable is uniformly distributed or not. In chapter IV, we consider a k-n-n estimation of regression function with k selected by a cross validation method. We consider both...

Ouyang, Desheng

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

236

Historical Range of Variability and Current Landscape Condition Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forests 2. Cool-Moist or Cold-Wet Mixed Conifer Forests 3. Other Agents Of Disturbance In Mixed Conifer Structure, and Genetic Variability 2. Stable vs. Seral Aspen Communities 3. Aspen and Wildlife B. Reference. Vegetation Structure and Composition ... p 150 B. Reference Conditions ... p 154 1. Warm-Dry Mixed Conifer

237

Methods for Learning Control Policies from Variable-Constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, we explore the problem of learning control policies from data containing variable, dynamic and non, the door acts as an environmental constraint that restricts the movement of ones hand along the opening arc of the door. When stirring soup in a saucepan, the sides of the pan prevent the spoon moving beyond

Vijayakumar, Sethu

238

XXZ scalar products, Miwa variables and discrete KP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the quantum/classical integrable model correspondence in the context of inhomogeneous finite length XXZ spin-1/2 chains with periodic boundary conditions and show that the Bethe scalar product of an arbitrary state and a Bethe eigenstate is a discrete KP tau-function. The continuous Miwa variables of discrete KP are the rapidities of the arbitrary state.

O. Foda; G. Schrader

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

239

Effects of simulated natural variability on Arctic temperature projections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- sea ice-ocean model is used to examine the effects of natural variability on climate projections starting from different strengths and phases of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and cryosphere give rise to a variety of climate feedbacks as such as ice- albedo and cloud feedbacks. The direct

Drange, Helge

240

RESEARCH ARTICLE Habitat variables explain Loggerhead Shrike occurrence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are the spatial scales of habitat associations relevant to this species? Our study area was Fort Bliss Army are indicative of habitat quality in the vicinity of Fort Bliss. Local- and intermediate-scale variables best B. A. Locke Á D. Bash DPW, Division of Environment, IMWE-PWD-E, Bldg 624, Pleasanton Rd, Fort Bliss

Radeloff, Volker C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A model for variable thickness superconducting thin lms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model for variable thickness superconducting thin #12;lms S. J. Chapman #3; Mathematical for Applied Mathematics Virginia Tech Blacksburg VA 24061-0531, USA Abstract A model for superconductivity. When the #12;lm is of uniform thickness the model is identical to a model for superconducting cylinders

Chapman, Jon

242

Review of ProbabilityReview of Probability Random Variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of day 3) Stock Market at close 4) Height of wheel going over a rocky road #12;3/28 Random Variable ! Non-examples 1) `Heads' or `Tails' on coin 2) Red or Black ball from urn ! Basic Idea ­ don't know how · Stocks Continuous RV · Temperature · Wheel height #12;5/28 Given Continuous RV X... What

Fowler, Mark

243

Quantum Error Correction of Continuous Variable States against Gaussian Noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a continuous variable error correction protocol that can correct the Gaussian noise induced by linear loss on Gaussian states. The protocol can be implemented using linear optics and photon counting. We explore the theoretical bounds of the protocol as well as the expected performance given current knowledge and technology.

T. C. Ralph

2011-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

244

Load Alleviation on Wind Turbine Blades using Variable Airfoil Geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load Alleviation on Wind Turbine Blades using Variable Airfoil Geometry Peter Bjrn Andersen, Mac Loads, Trailing Edge Flaps, PID control, Signal Noise. 1 Introduction Wind turbine blades are subject to 40% when signal noise is added to the control. Keywords: Wind Turbine, Load Alleviation, Fatigue

245

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Variable Speed Pumping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency of chilled water and condenser pumps, along with chiller efficiency and cooling tower efficiency, operate, and control water-pumping systems to achieve high efficiency and to lower life-cycle costsLBNL-58637 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Variable Speed Pumping Tengfang Xu June

246

NREL Sheds Light on Integration Costs of Variable Generation and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as wind and solar energy, provide benefits such as reduced environmental impact, lack of fuel consumptionNREL Sheds Light on Integration Costs of Variable Generation and Cost-Causation Integration costs are generally manageable, but calculating costs is challenging. Renewable energy generation sources

247

A MONTE CARLO SIMULATION OF WATER FLOW IN VARIABLY ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Monte Carlo simulation method is employed to study groundwater flow in variably saturated fractal porous ... Richards' equation which is solved using a hybridized mixed finite element procedure. ... INTRODUCTION ... This conclusion has led to the development of stochastic models for the basic un- ... different soils.

1910-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

248

THE CARINA PROJECT. VI. THE HELIUM-BURNING VARIABLE STARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present new optical (BVI) time-series data for the evolved variable stars in the Carina dwarf spheroidal galaxy. The quality of the data and the observing strategy allowed us to identify 14 new variable stars. Eight out of the 14 are RR Lyrae (RRL) stars, 4 are Anomalous Cepheids (ACs), and 2 are geometrical variables. Comparison of the period distribution for the entire sample of RRLs with similar distributions in nearby dwarf spheroidal galaxies and in the Large Magellanic Cloud indicates that the old stellar populations in these systems share similar properties. This finding is also supported by the RRL distribution in the Bailey diagram. On the other hand, the period distribution and the Bailey diagram of ACs display significant differences among the above stellar systems. This evidence suggests that the properties of intermediate-age stellar populations might be affected both by environmental effects and structural parameters. We use the BV Period-Wesenheit (PW) relation of RRLs together with evolutionary prescriptions and find a true distance modulus of 20.09 {+-} 0.07 (intrinsic) {+-} 0.1 (statistical) mag that agrees quite well with similar estimates available in the literature. We identified four peculiar variables. Taking into account their position in the Bailey diagram and in the BV PW relation, two of them (V14 and V149) appear to be candidate ACs, while two (V158 and V182) might be peculiar RRLs. In particular, the variable V158 has a period and a V-band amplitude very similar to the low-mass RRL-RRLR-02792-recently identified by Pietrzynski et al. in the Galactic bulge.

Coppola, G.; Marconi, M.; Ripepi, V.; Dall'Ora, M.; Musella, I. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Napoli (Italy); Stetson, P. B. [Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, NRC-Herzberg, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Bono, G.; Buonanno, R. [Dipartimento di Fisica-Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Fabrizio, M. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, via M. Maggini, I-64100 Teramo (Italy); Ferraro, I.; Iannicola, G.; Pulone, L. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone (Italy); Fiorentino, G. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Monelli, M. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Calle Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Nonino, M. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G. B. Tiepolo 11, I-40131 Trieste (Italy); Thevenin, F. [Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, Lab. Lagrange, UMR 7293, Observatoire de la Cote dAzur, BP 4229, F-06304 Nice (France); Walker, A. R., E-mail: coppola@na.astro.it [Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

Asphericity and clumpiness in the winds of Luminous Blue Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first systematic spectropolarimetric study of Luminous Blue Variables (LBVs) in the Galaxy and the Magellanic Clouds, in order to investigate the geometries of their winds. We find that at least half of our sample show changes in polarization across the strong H$\\alpha$ emission line, indicating that the light from the stars is intrinsically polarized and therefore that asphericity already exists at the base of the wind. Multi-epoch spectropolarimetry on four targets reveals variability in their intrinsic polarization. Three of these, AG Car, HR Car and P Cyg, show a position angle (PA) of polarization which appears random with time. Such behaviour can be explained by the presence of strong wind-inhomogeneities, or `clumps' within the wind. Only one star, R 127, shows variability at a constant PA, and hence evidence for axi-symmetry as well as clumpiness. However, if viewed at low inclination, and at limited temporal sampling, such a wind would produce a seemingly random polarization of the type observed in the other three stars. Time-resolved spectropolarimetric monitoring of LBVs is therefore required to determine if LBV winds are axi-symmetric in general. The high fraction of LBVs ($>$ 50%) showing intrinsic polarization is to be compared with the lower $\\sim$ 20-25 % for similar studies of their evolutionary neighbours, O supergiants and Wolf-Rayet stars. We anticipate that this higher incidence is due to the lower effective gravities of the LBVs, coupled with their variable temperatures within the bi-stability jump regime. This is also consistent with the higher incidence of wind asphericity that we find in LBVs with strong H$\\alpha$ emission and recent (last $\\sim$ 10 years) strong variability.

Ben Davies; Rene D. Oudmaijer; Jorick S. Vink

2005-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

250

Variable-focus liquid lens Hongwen Ren and Shin-Tson Wu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction Variable focus liquid lenses are attractive for cellular phone, camera, eyeglasses, and other

Wu, Shin-Tson

251

Dynamic evolution of plant mitochondrial genomes: Mobile genes and introns and highly variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variable mutation rates Jeffrey D. Palmer*, Keith L. Adams, Yangrae Cho , Christopher L. Parkinson , Yin

Parkinson, Christopher L.

252

A Machian Version of Einstein's Variable Speed of Light Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is little known that while developing general relativity, Einstein's very first idea was a variable speed of light theory. Indeed spacetime curvature can be mimicked by a speed of light $c(r)$ that depends on the distribution of masses. Einstein's 1911 theory was considerably improved by Robert Dicke in 1957, but only recently the equivalence of the variable speed of light approach to the conventional formalism has been demonstrated (Broekaert, 2008). Using Green's functions, we show that Einstein's 1911 idea can be expressed in an analytic form, similar to the Poisson equation. Using heuristic arguments, we derive then a simple formula that directly relates curvature $w$ to the local speed of light, $w= -c^2 \\Delta \\frac{1}{c^2}$. In contrast to the conventional formulation, this allows for a Machian interpretation of general relativity and the gravitational constant $G$. Gravity, though described by local equations, would have its origin in all other masses in the universe.

Unzicker, Alexander

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

A Machian Version of Einstein's Variable Speed of Light Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is little known that while developing general relativity, Einstein's very first idea was a variable speed of light theory. Indeed spacetime curvature can be mimicked by a speed of light $c(r)$ that depends on the distribution of masses. Einstein's 1911 theory was considerably improved by Robert Dicke in 1957, but only recently the equivalence of the variable speed of light approach to the conventional formalism has been demonstrated (Broekaert, 2008). Using Green's functions, we show that Einstein's 1911 idea can be expressed in an analytic form, similar to the Poisson equation. Using heuristic arguments, we derive then a simple formula that directly relates curvature $w$ to the local speed of light, $w= -c^2 \\Delta \\frac{1}{c^2}$. In contrast to the conventional formulation, this allows for a Machian interpretation of general relativity and the gravitational constant $G$. Gravity, though described by local equations, would have its origin in all other masses in the universe.

Alexander Unzicker; Jan Preuss

2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

254

Hydropower at flood control reservoirs - the variable speed option  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Application of hydroelectric turbine-generators to flood control has been limited due to the inability of a single turbine to operate efficiently over the wide head and flow ranges encountered. Multiple and different unit combinations have been applied to this problem, but the cost of the additional unit(s), powerhouse, and supporting facilities typically causes the project to become unfeasible. Variable speed operation can increase the operating range of a single turbine, and significantly improve efficiency over single speed units. This can make hydroelectric generation at flood control projects feasible. This paper presents a comparison of the application of variable speed units, two speed units, and single speed units at the Blue River Dam Hydroelectric Project. The project consists of the addition of a powerhouse to an existing Army Corps of Engineers flood control project. Efficiency data for the different types of units are compared and historical flow and release data are used in a computer model to simulate plant operation.

Laurence, K.; Yale, J. [Stone & Webster Engineering Corp., Denver, CO (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

255

Design of a variable-conductance vacuum insulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes one approach to the design of a variable-conductance vacuum insulation. In this design, the vacuum insulation consists of a permanently sealed, thin sheet steel, evacuated envelope of whatever geometry is required for the application. The steel envelope is supported internally against the atmospheric pressure loads by an array of discrete, low-conductance, ceramic supports, and radiative heat transfer is blocked by layers of thin metal radiation shields. Thermal conductance through this insulation is controlled electronically by changing the temperature of a small metal hydride connected to the vacuum envelope. The hydride reversibly absorbs/desorbs hydrogen to produce a hydrogen pressure typically within the range from less than 10{sup {minus}6} to as much as 1 torr. Design calculations are compared with results from laboratory tests of bench scale samples, and some possible automotive applications for this variable-conductance vacuum insulation are suggested.

Benson, D K; Potter, T F; Tracy, C E

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Variable-energy collimator for high-energy radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is disclosed providing a variable aperture energy beam collimator. A plurality of beam opaque blocks are in sliding interface edge contact to form a variable aperture. The blocks may be offset at the apex angle to provide a non-equilateral aperture. A plurality of collimator block assemblies may be employed for providing a channel defining a collimated beam. Adjacent assemblies are inverted front-to-back with respect to one another for preventing noncollimated ;energy from emergine from the apparatus. An adjustment mechanism comprises a cable attached to at least one block and a hand wheel mechanism for operating the cable. The blocks are supported by guide rods engaging slide brackets on the blocks. The guide rods are pivotally connected at each end to intermediate actuators supported on rotatable shafts to change the shape of the aperture. A divergent collimated beam may be obtained by adjusting the apertures of adjacent stages to be unequal.

Hill, R.A.

1982-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

257

Periodic photometric variability of the brown dwarf Kelu-1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have detected a strong periodicity of 1.80+/-0.05 hours in photometric observations of the brown dwarf Kelu-1. The peak-to-peak amplitude of the variation is ~1.1% (11.9+/-0.8 mmag) in a 41nm wide filter centred on 857nm and including the dust/temperature sensitive TiO & CrH bands. We have identified two plausible causes of variability: surface features rotating into- and out-of-view and so modulating the light curve at the rotation period; or, elliposidal variability caused by an orbiting companion. In the first scenario, we combine the observed vsin(i) of Kelu-1 and standard model radius to determine that the axis of rotation is inclined at 65+/-12 degrees to the line of sight.

F. J. Clarke; C. G. Tinney; K. R. Covey

2002-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

258

A comparison of light and velocity variations in Semiregular variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIR velocity variations are compared with simultaneous visual light curves for a sample of late-type semiregular variables (SRV). Precise radial velocity measurements are also presented for the SRV V450 Aql. Our aim is to investigate the nature of the irregular light changes found in these variables. Light and velocity variations are correlated in all stars of our sample. Based on these results we discuss several possibilities to explain the observed behavior. We find that pulsation is responsible for large amplitude variations. In a recent paper Lebzelter (1999) invoked large convective cells to understand observed velocity variations. This possibility is discussed with respect to the observed correlation between light and velocity changes. In the light of these results we investigate the origin of the semiregular variations.

T. Lebzelter; L. L. Kiss; K. H. Hinkle

2000-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

259

Optical and X-ray Variability of AGNs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present new comparisons of AGN optical, UV, and X-ray variations. These reveal complex relationships between the different passbands that can change with time in a given object. While there is evidence from several objects that X-ray and optical activity levels are correlated on long timescales, variations on shorter timescales can occur independently. It is proposed that the combination of correlated and uncorrelated short-timescale variability is a consequence of anisotropic high-energy emission. It is also argued that the correlation between X-ray and optical variability on long timescales must be due to a common underlying factor and not to reprocessing of X-ray radiation.

C. Martin Gaskell

2006-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

260

Continuous variable quantum teleportation with non-Gaussian resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate continuous variable quantum teleportation using non-Gaussian states of the radiation field as entangled resources. We compare the performance of different classes of degaussified resources, including two-mode photon-added and two-mode photon-subtracted squeezed states. We then introduce a class of two-mode squeezed Bell-like states with one-parameter dependence for optimization. These states interpolate between and include as subcases different classes of degaussified resources. We show that optimized squeezed Bell-like resources yield a remarkable improvement in the fidelity of teleportation both for coherent and nonclassical input states. The investigation reveals that the optimal non-Gaussian resources for continuous variable teleportation are those that most closely realize the simultaneous maximization of the content of entanglement, the degree of affinity with the two-mode squeezed vacuum and the, suitably measured, amount of non-Gaussianity.

F. Dell'Anno; S. De Siena; L. Albano Farias; F. Illuminati

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Analysis of a teetered, variable-speed rotor: final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computer model of a horizontal axis wind turbine (HOOT) with four structural degrees of freedom has been derived and verified. The four degrees of freedom include flapwise motion of the blades, teeter motion, and variable rotor speed. Options for the variable rotor speed include synchronous, induction, and constant-tip speed generator models with either start, stop, or normal operations. Verification is made by comparison with analytical solutions and mean and cyclic ESI-80 data. The Veers full-field turbulence model is used as a wind input for a synchronous and induction generator test case during normal operation. As a result of the comparison, it is concluded that the computer model can be used to predict accurately mean and cyclic loads with a turbulent wind input. 47 refs., 19 figs.

Weber, T.L.; Wilson, R.E.; Walker, S.N. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering) [Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (USA). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A variable-field permanent-magnet dipole for accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept for a variable-field permanent-magnet dipole has been developed and fabricated at Los Alamos. The application requires an extremely uniform dipole field in the magnet aperture and precision variability over a large operating range. An iron-core permanent- magnet design using a shunt that was specially shaped to vary the field in a precise and reproducible fashion with shunt position. The key to this design is in the shape of the shunt. The field as a function of shunt position is very linear from 90% of the maximum field to 20% of the minimum field. The shaped shunt also results in a small maximum magnetic force attracting the shunt to the yoke allowing a simple mechanical design. Calculated and measured results agree well for the magnet.

Kraus, R.H. Jr.; Barlow, D.B.; Meyer, R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

A variable-field permanent-magnet dipole for accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept for a variable-field permanent-magnet dipole has been developed and fabricated at Los Alamos. The application requires an extremely uniform dipole field in the magnet aperture and precision variability over a large operating range. An iron-core permanent- magnet design using a shunt that was specially shaped to vary the field in a precise and reproducible fashion with shunt position. The key to this design is in the shape of the shunt. The field as a function of shunt position is very linear from 90% of the maximum field to 20% of the minimum field. The shaped shunt also results in a small maximum magnetic force attracting the shunt to the yoke allowing a simple mechanical design. Calculated and measured results agree well for the magnet.

Kraus, R.H. Jr.; Barlow, D.B.; Meyer, R.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Cataclysmic Variables from SDSS I. The First Results  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The commissioning year of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey has demonstrated that many cataclysmic variables have been missed in previous surveys with brighter limits. We report the identification of 22 cataclysmic variables, of which 19 are new discoveries and 3 are known systems (SW UMa, BH Lyn and Vir4). A compendium of positions, colors and characteristics of these systems obtained from the SDSS photometry and spectroscopy is presented along with data obtained during follow-up studies with the Apache Point Observatory (APO) and Manastash Ridge Observatory (MRO) telescopes. We have determined orbital periods for 3 of the new systems: two show dwarf nova outbursts, and the third is a likely magnetic system with eclipses of its region of line emission. Based on these results, we expect the completed survey to locate at least 400 new CVs. Most of these will be faint systems with low accretion rates that will provide new constraints on binary evolution models.

Szkody, P; Ageros, M A; Covarrubias, R; Bentz, M; Hawley, S; Margon, B; Voges, W; Henden, A A; Knapp, G R; Vanden Berk, Daniel E; Rest, A; Miknaitis, G; Magnier, E; Brinkmann, J; Csabai, I; Harvanek, M J; Hindsley, R; Hennessy, G S; Ivezic, Z; Kleinman, S J; Lamb, D Q; Long, D; Newman, P R; Neilsen, E H; Nichol, R C; Nitta, A; Schneider, D P; Snedden, S A; York, D G

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Diagnostic for two-mode variable valve activation device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is provided for diagnosing a multi-mode valve train device which selectively provides high lift and low lift to a combustion valve of an internal combustion engine having a camshaft phaser actuated by an electric motor. The method includes applying a variable electric current to the electric motor to achieve a desired camshaft phaser operational mode and commanding the multi-mode valve train device to a desired valve train device operational mode selected from a high lift mode and a low lift mode. The method also includes monitoring the variable electric current and calculating a first characteristic of the parameter. The method also includes comparing the calculated first characteristic against a predetermined value of the first characteristic measured when the multi-mode valve train device is known to be in the desired valve train device operational mode.

Fedewa, Andrew M

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

266

Classification of birth weights based on dichotomous variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were extracted from clinical records of 185 mothers who received prenatal care from the Watauga County Health Depart- ment during 1979 and from the birth certificates of their respective new- born, Cases terminating in abortion, natural or induced...CLASSIFICATION OF BIRTH HEIGHTS BASED ON DICHOTOMOUS VARIABLES A Thesis by LYNN McIVER PERRY, JR, Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fuli'illment of the requirement. for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...

Perry, Lynn McIver

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Free piston variable-stroke linear-alternator generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free-piston variable stroke linear-alternator AC power generator for a combustion engine is described. An alternator mechanism and oscillator system generates AC current. The oscillation system includes two oscillation devices each having a combustion cylinder and a flying turnbuckle. The flying turnbuckle moves in accordance with the oscillation device. The alternator system is a linear alternator coupled between the two oscillation devices by a slotted connecting rod. 8 figs.

Haaland, C.M.

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

268

Laboratory implementation of variable-speed wind turbine generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To improve the performance of wind turbines, various control schemes such as variable speed operation have been proposed. Testing of these control algorithms on a full scale system is very expensive. To test these systems simulation, we developed programs and small scale laboratory experiments. We used this system to verify a control method that attempts to keep the turbine operating at its peak power coefficient. Both the simulations and the experiments verified the principle of operation of this control scheme.

Zinger, D.S. [Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL (United States)] [Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL (United States); Miller, A.A. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)] [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States); Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Robinson, M.C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Free piston variable-stroke linear-alternator generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free-piston variable stroke linear-alternator AC power generator for a combustion engine. An alternator mechanism and oscillator system generates AC current. The oscillation system includes two oscillation devices each having a combustion cylinder and a flying turnbuckle. The flying turnbuckle moves in accordance with the oscillation device. The alternator system is a linear alternator coupled between the two oscillation devices by a slotted connecting rod.

Haaland, Carsten M. (Dadeville, AL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Hydrogen-Assisted Fracture: Materials Testing and Variables Governing Fracture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen-Assisted Fracture: Materials Testing and Variables Governing Fracture Brian Somerday for producing both strength of materials and fracture mechanics data H H HH H H d/dt > 0 strength of materials: UTS, YS, f, RA H2 H2H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 H2 HH H H H H H H H H d/dt 0 fracture mechanics: KIH, KTH

271

Grassmann Variables and the Jaynes-Cummings Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper shows that phase space methods using a positive P type distribution function involving both c-number variables (for the cavity mode) and Grassmann variables (for the two level atom) can be used to treat the Jaynes-Cummings model. Although it is a Grassmann function, the distribution function is equivalent to six c-number functions of the two bosonic variables. Experimental quantities are given as bosonic phase space integrals involving the six functions. A Fokker-Planck equation involving both left and right Grassmann differentiation can be obtained for the distribution function, and is equivalent to six coupled equations for the six c-number functions. The approach used involves choosing the canonical form of the (non-unique) positive P distribution function, where the correspondence rules for bosonic operators are non-standard and hence the Fokker-Planck equation is also unusual. Initial conditions, such as for initially uncorrelated states, are used to determine the initial distribution function. Transformations to new bosonic variables rotating at the cavity frequency enables the six coupled equations for the new c-number functions (also equivalent to the canonical Grassmann distribution function) to be solved analytically, based on an ansatz from a 1980 paper by Stenholm. It is then shown that the distribution function is the same as that determined from the well-known solution based on coupled equations for state vector amplitudes of atomic and n-photon product states. The treatment of the simple two fermion mode Jaynes-Cummings model is a useful test case for the future development of phase space Grassmann distribution functional methods for multi-mode fermionic applications in quantum-atom optics.

Bryan J. Dalton; Barry M. Garraway; John Jeffers; Stephen M. Barnett

2012-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

272

Guide to transverse projections and mass-constraining variables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper seeks to demonstrate that many of the existing mass-measurement variables proposed for hadron colliders (m{sub T}, m{sub eff}, m{sub T2}, missing p-vector{sub T}, h{sub T}, {radical}(s-circumflex){sub min}, etc.) are far more closely related to each other than is widely appreciated, and indeed can all be viewed as a common mass-bound specialized for a variety of purposes. A consequence of this is that one may understand better the strengths and weaknesses of each variable, and the circumstances in which each can be used to best effect. In order to achieve this, we find it necessary first to revisit the seemingly empty and infertile wilderness populated by the subscript 'T' (as in 'pe{sub T}') in order to remind ourselves what this process of transversification actually means. We note that, far from being simple, transversification can mean quite different things to different people. Those readers who manage to battle through the barrage of transverse notation distinguishing 'T' from 'v' or or from 'o', and 'early projection' from 'late projection', will find their efforts rewarded towards the end of the paper with (i) a better understanding of how collider mass variables fit together, (ii) an appreciation of how these variables could be generalized to search for things more complicated than supersymmetry, (iii) will depart with an aversion to thoughtless or naieve use of the so-called 'transverse methods' of any of the popular computer Lorentz-vector libraries, and (iv) will take care in their subsequent papers to be explicit about which of the 61 identified variants of the 'transverse mass' they are employing.

Barr, A. J. [Department of Physics, Denys Wilkinson Building, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Khoo, T. J.; Lester, C. G. [Department of Physics, Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, Cambridge, CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Konar, P. [Theoretical Physics Group, Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, Gujarat - 380 009 (India); Kong, K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KA 66045 (United States); Matchev, K. T.; Park, M. [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Dark energy models with variable equation of state parameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The dark energy models with variable equation of state parameter $\\omega$ is investigated by using law of variation of Hubble's parameter that yields the constant value of deceleration parameter. The equation of state parameter $\\omega$ is found to be time dependent and its existing range for this model is consistent with the recent observations of SN Ia data, SN Ia data (with CMBR anisotropy) and galaxy clustering statistics. The physical significance of the dark energy models has also been discussed.

Anil Kumar Yadav; Farook Rahaman; Saibal Ray

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

274

Mutually interacting Tachyon dark energy with variable $G$ and $?$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider Tachyonic scalar field as dark energy with interaction between components in the case of variable $G$ and $\\Lambda$. We assume a flat Universe with specific form of scale factor and study cosmological parameters numerically and graphically. Statefinder analysis also performed as well. In the special choice of interaction parameters we succeed to obtain analytical expression of densities. We find that our model will be stable in the late stage but there is an instability at the early Universe.

J. Sadeghi; M. Khurshudyan; M. Hakobyan; H. Farahani

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

275

Pitch-controlled variable-speed wind turbine generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind energy is a viable option to complement other types of pollution-free generation. In the early development of wind energy, the majority of wind turbines were operated at constant speed. Recently, the number of variable-speed wind turbines installed in wind farms has increased and more wind turbine manufacturers are making variable-speed wind turbines. This paper covers the operation of variable-speed wind turbines with pitch control. The system the authors considered is controlled to generate maximum energy while minimizing loads. The maximization of energy was only carried out on a static basis and only drive train loads were considered as a constraint. In medium wind speeds, the generator and power converter control the wind turbine to capture maximum energy from the wind. In the high wind speed region, the wind turbine is controlled to maintain the aerodynamic power produced by the wind turbine. Two methods to adjust the aerodynamic power were investigated: pitch control and generator load control, both of which are employed to control the operation of the wind turbine. The analysis and simulation shows that the wind turbine can be operated at its optimum energy capture while minimizing the load on the wind turbine for a wide range of wind speeds.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Variability in Measured Space Temperatures in 60 Homes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the observed variability in indoor space temperature in a set of 60 homes located in Florida, New York, Oregon, and Washington. Temperature data were collected at 15-minute intervals for an entire year, including living room, master bedroom, and outdoor air temperature (Arena, et. al). The data were examined to establish the average living room temperature for the set of homes for the heating and cooling seasons, the variability of living room temperature depending on climate, and the variability of indoor space temperature within the homes. The accuracy of software-based energy analysis depends on the accuracy of input values. Thermostat set point is one of the most influential inputs for building energy simulation. Several industry standards exist that recommend differing default thermostat settings for heating and cooling seasons. These standards were compared to the values calculated for this analysis. The data examined for this report show that there is a definite difference between the climates and that the data do not agree well with any particular standard.

Roberts, D.; Lay, K.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The Energy-Dependence of GRB Minimum Variability Timescales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We constrain the minimum variability timescales for 938 GRBs observed by the Fermi/GBM instrument prior to July 11, 2012. The tightest constraints on progenitor radii derived from these timescales are obtained from light curves in the hardest energy channel. In the softer bands -- or from measurements of the same GRBs in the hard X-rays from Swift -- we show that variability timescales tend to be a factor 2--3 longer. Applying a survival analysis to account for detections and upper limits, we find median minimum timescale in the rest frame for long-duration and short-duration GRBs of 45 ms and 10 ms, respectively. Fewer than 10% of GRBs show evidence for variability on timescales below 2 ms. These shortest timescales require Lorentz factors $\\gtrsim 400$ and imply typical emission radii $R \\approx 1 {\\times} 10^{14}$ cm for long-duration GRBs and $R \\approx 3 {\\times} 10^{13}$ cm for short-duration GRBs. We discuss implications for the GRB fireball model and investigate whether GRB minimum timescales evolve w...

Golkhou, V Zach; Littlejohns, Owen M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Simulating solar power plant variability : a review of current methods.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is important to be able to accurately simulate the variability of solar PV power plants for grid integration studies. We aim to inform integration studies of the ease of implementation and application-specific accuracy of current PV power plant output simulation methods. This report reviews methods for producing simulated high-resolution (sub-hour or even sub-minute) PV power plant output profiles for variability studies and describes their implementation. Two steps are involved in the simulations: estimation of average irradiance over the footprint of a PV plant and conversion of average irradiance to plant power output. Six models are described for simulating plant-average irradiance based on inputs of ground-measured irradiance, satellite-derived irradiance, or proxy plant measurements. The steps for converting plant-average irradiance to plant power output are detailed to understand the contributions to plant variability. A forthcoming report will quantify the accuracy of each method using application-specific validation metrics.

Lave, Matthew; Ellis, Abraham [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM; Stein, Joshua S. [Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

GEOCHEMICAL MODELING OF F AREA SEEPAGE BASIN COMPOSITION AND VARIABILITY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From the 1950s through 1989, the F Area Seepage Basins at the Savannah River Site (SRS) received low level radioactive wastes resulting from processing nuclear materials. Discharges of process wastes to the F Area Seepage Basins followed by subsequent mixing processes within the basins and eventual infiltration into the subsurface resulted in contamination of the underlying vadose zone and downgradient groundwater. For simulating contaminant behavior and subsurface transport, a quantitative understanding of the interrelated discharge-mixing-infiltration system along with the resulting chemistry of fluids entering the subsurface is needed. An example of this need emerged as the F Area Seepage Basins was selected as a key case study demonstration site for the Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management (ASCEM) Program. This modeling evaluation explored the importance of the wide variability in bulk wastewater chemistry as it propagated through the basins. The results are intended to generally improve and refine the conceptualization of infiltration of chemical wastes from seepage basins receiving variable waste streams and to specifically support the ASCEM case study model for the F Area Seepage Basins. Specific goals of this work included: (1) develop a technically-based 'charge-balanced' nominal source term chemistry for water infiltrating into the subsurface during basin operations, (2) estimate the nature of short term and long term variability in infiltrating water to support scenario development for uncertainty quantification (i.e., UQ analysis), (3) identify key geochemical factors that control overall basin water chemistry and the projected variability/stability, and (4) link wastewater chemistry to the subsurface based on monitoring well data. Results from this study provide data and understanding that can be used in further modeling efforts of the F Area groundwater plume. As identified in this study, key geochemical factors affecting basin chemistry and variability included: (1) the nature or chemistry of the waste streams, (2) the open system of the basins, and (3) duration of discharge of the waste stream types. Mixing models of the archetype waste streams indicated that the overall basin system would likely remain acidic much of the time. Only an extended periods of predominantly alkaline waste discharge (e.g., >70% alkaline waste) would dramatically alter the average pH of wastewater entering the basins. Short term and long term variability were evaluated by performing multiple stepwise modeling runs to calculate the oscillation of bulk chemistry in the basins in response to short term variations in waste stream chemistry. Short term (1/2 month and 1 month) oscillations in the waste stream types only affected the chemistry in Basin 1; little variation was observed in Basin 2 and 3. As the largest basin, Basin 3 is considered the primary source to the groundwater. Modeling showed that the fluctuation in chemistry of the waste streams is not directly representative of the source term to the groundwater (i.e. Basin 3). The sequence of receiving basins and the large volume of water in Basin 3 'smooth' or nullify the short term variability in waste stream composition. As part of this study, a technically-based 'charge-balanced' nominal source term chemistry was developed for Basin 3 for a narrow range of pH (2.7 to 3.4). An example is also provided of how these data could be used to quantify uncertainty over the long term variations in waste stream chemistry and hence, Basin 3 chemistry.

Millings, M.; Denham, M.; Looney, B.

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

280

Survey of Variable Generation Forecasting in the West: August 2011 - June 2012  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report surveyed Western Interconnection Balancing Authorities regarding their implementation of variable generation forecasting, the lessons learned to date, and recommendations they would offer to other Balancing Authorities who are considering variable generation forecasting. Our survey found that variable generation forecasting is at an early implementation stage in the West. Eight of the eleven Balancing Authorities interviewed began forecasting in 2008 or later. It also appears that less than one-half of the Balancing Authorities in the West are currently utilizing variable generation forecasting, suggesting that more Balancing Authorities in the West will engage in variable generation forecasting should more variable generation capacity be added.

Porter, K.; Rogers, J.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

CIP methods for hyperbolic system with variable and discontinuous coefficient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a multi-moment method for one-dimensional hyperbolic equations with smooth coefficient and piecewise constant coefficient. The method is entirely based on the backward characteristic method and uses the solution and its derivative as unknowns and cubic Hermite interpolation for each computational cell. The exact update formula for solution and its derivative is derived and used for an efficient time integration. At points of discontinuity of wave speed we define a piecewise cubic Hermite interpolation based on immersed interface method. The method is extended to the one-dimensional Maxwell's equations with variable material properties.

Ito, Kazufumi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

A class of orthogonal polynomials in two variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the open interval from a to b. The polynomial of degree n discussed in the following pages will be denoted by P (x) = 1 + a lx + . . . + a x , where for each integer n i=1, . . . , n, a . AA. nqi For n=0, P0(x) = 1 for all values of x in the interval [0... the particular definition, lemma, theorem or equation in that section. CHAPTER I LECR?BRE POLYHOKIALB IH 0?E VARIABLE 1. 1 Legendre Coefficients T)FFINITIO? 1. 1. 1 The polynomials P (x), P (x) are said to be orthogonal ower the interval [0, 1] pro- vided...

Jones, Robert Allen

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

283

Essays on Bayesian Time Series and Variable Selection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 vi LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 2.1 Dynamic Model. Given xt, yt is independent of y1:t?1, x1:t?1. . . . . . . 7 2.2 The figure shows estimated value of ? and ?2 from : (a)-(b) Stochastic Approximation approach; (c)-(d) Augmentation approach. In each... Sorenson (1970). 6 Let yt and xt be the p and q dimensional observation and hidden state variable at the time t. Let ? be set of unknown parameter. Figure (2.1) depicts the dynamic relation between yt and xt. The generalized version of state-space model can...

De, Debkumar

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

284

Initiative in Nuclear Theory at the Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We recall the path breaking contributions of the nuclear theory group of the Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata. From a beginning of just one person in 1970s, the group has steadily developed into a leading group in the country today, with seminal contributions to almost the entire range of nuclear physics, viz., low energy nuclear reactions, nuclear structure, deep inelastic collisions, fission, liquid to gas phase transitions, nuclear matter, equation of state, mass formulae, neutron stars, relativistic heavy ion collisions, medium modification of hadron properties, quark gluon plasma, and cosmology of early universe.

D. K. Srivastava; J. Alam; D. N. Basu; A. K. Chaudhuri; J. N. De; K. Krishan; S. Pal

2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

285

Extension of latin hypercube samples with correlated variables.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A procedure for extending the size of a Latin hypercube sample (LHS) with rank correlated variables is described and illustrated. The extension procedure starts with an LHS of size m and associated rank correlation matrix C and constructs a new LHS of size 2m that contains the elements of the original LHS and has a rank correlation matrix that is close to the original rank correlation matrix C. The procedure is intended for use in conjunction with uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of computationally demanding models in which it is important to make efficient use of a necessarily limited number of model evaluations.

Hora, Stephen Curtis (University of Hawaii at Hilo, HI); Helton, Jon Craig (Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ); Sallaberry, Cedric J. PhD. (.; .)

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Variable Speed Pumping: A Guide to Successful Applications; Executive Summary  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwoVulnerabilities | Department of|VTA,anCompressionVARIABLE

287

Fuzzy Partitioning Using Real Coded Variable Length Genetic Algorithm for Pixel Classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, fuzzy clustering, pattern recognition, remote sensing imagery, Department of Computer Science, KalyaniFuzzy Partitioning Using Real Coded Variable Length Genetic Algorithm for Pixel Classification space. Real-coded variable string length genetic fuzzy clustering with automatic evolution of clusters

Bandyopadhyay, Sanghamitra

288

Tropical climate variability from the last glacial maximum to the present  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis evaluates the nature and magnitude of tropical climate variability from the Last Glacial Maximum to the present. The temporal variability of two specific tropical climate phenomena is examined. The first is the ...

Dahl, Kristina Ariel

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Weather Radar and Hydrology 1 Influence of rainfall spatial variability on hydrological modelling: a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weather Radar and Hydrology 1 Influence of rainfall spatial variability on hydrological modelling variability as well as characteristics and hydrological behavior of catchments, we have proceeded simulator and a distributed hydrological model (with four production functions and a distributed transfer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

Quantifying Variability in Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Inventories of Alternative Middle Distillate Transportation Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The presence of variability in life cycle analysis (LCA) is inherent due to both inexact LCA procedures and variation of numerical inputs. Variability in LCA needs to be clearly distinguished from uncertainty. This paper ...

Stratton, Russell William

291

Parallel Variable Distribution for Total Least Squares Hongbin Guo1, and Rosemary A. Renaut1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel Variable Distribution for Total Least Squares Hongbin Guo1, and Rosemary A. Renaut1 1 Variable Distribution for Total Least Squares Hongbin Guo1, and Rosemary A. Renaut1 1Department

Renaut, Rosemary

292

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM VESTFONNA ICE CAP variability of net accumulation from shallow cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. We analyse ice cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard). Oxygen isoto- pic

Moore, John

293

DESIGN OF SOFTWARE SENSORS FOR UNMEASURABLE VARIABLES OF ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PROCESSES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DESIGN OF SOFTWARE SENSORS FOR UNMEASURABLE VARIABLES OF ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PROCESSES Simeonov, I variables of anaerobic digestion processes. For this purpose, different mathematical models of anaerobic digestion and different theoretical approaches (differential algebraic approach, Kalman filter modifications

Boyer, Edmond

294

Utility Variable Generation Integration Group Fall O&M User Group...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

O&M User Group Meeting Utility Variable Generation Integration Group Fall O&M User Group Meeting October 1, 2014 7:00AM CDT to October 2, 2014 3:00PM CDT The Utility Variable...

295

Design, fabrication and testing of a stacked variable-reluctance motor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new type of variable-reluctance motor with axially stacked stator and rotor plates is explored in this thesis. This stacked variable-reluctance motor (SVRM) has mechanically parallel air gaps, carrying magnetic flux in ...

Cao, Kai, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Modeling decade to century scale variability in the atmosphere/ocean [Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Study of the intrinsic variability of a coupled atmosphere/ocean model called The Fast Ocean/Atmosphere Model (FOAM).

Kutzbach, John E.

2002-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

297

Upper Adjoints for Fast Interprocedural Variable Markus MullerOlm 1 and Helmut Seidl 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upper Adjoints for Fast Inter­procedural Variable Equalities Markus M?uller­Olm 1 and Helmut Seidl

Müller-Olm, Markus

298

Stability of full-amplitude solutions for RR Lyrae variables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the discovery of numerous double-mode RR Lyrae variables in the globular cluster M15 by Cox, Hodson, and Clancy (1981a and 1983, CHC), double-mode behavior in these Population II variables has made it possible to theoretically determine their masses, composition, and maybe even their evolution direction. The most unusual characteristic of these new double-mode pulsators is that they are found in a narrow range of first overtone periods (P/sub 1/=0./sup d/38-0./sup d/43) and period ratios (P/sub 1//P/sub 0/=0.746+-0.001), where P/sub 0/ is the fundamental mode period. This compares with P/sub 1/=0./sup d/41 and P/sub 1//P/sub 0/=0.746 for AQ Leonis, the only known field double-mode RR Lyrae star. Recent linear studies by CHC (1981a and 1983) suggest that double-mode behavior in this class of stars results from mode switching between the fundamental (F) and first overtone (1H) radial pulsation modes at the transition line just to the red of the F-mode blue edge.

Hodson, S.W.; Cox, A.N.

1982-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

299

Dynamics and variability of the plasmasphere observed from synchronous orbit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The behavior of the cold ions in the outer plasmasphere is studied using data obtained with the magnetospheric plasma analyzers from multiple geosynchronous satellites. Dense (10-100 cm{sup {minus}3}), cold ({approx}1 eV) regions of plasma are often observed at geosynchronous orbit; in this study the authors refer to these as plasmaspheric intervals. The duration, local time of observation, density variability, and temperature behavior within these regions often depend in a systematic way on geomagnetic and substorm activity. With increasing geomagnetic activity (as indicated by Kp) the plasmaspheric regions are generally observed over shorter durations and at earlier local times. With increasing substorm activity (as indicated by geosynchronous energetic electron injections) the density becomes increasingly variable in these regions. Occasionally, up to order-of-magnitude density variations are observed over several minute timescales corresponding to regions with physical dimensions on the order of 1000 km or less. The appearance of these short-duration, cold-plasma intervals is strongly correlated with energetic ion and electron signatures both at the spacecraft making the plasmaspheric observations and at other spacecraft observing simultaneously in the midnight region. Such energetic particle signatures are indicative of the growth and expansive phase of geomagnetic substorms. The authors conclude that the appearance of these short-duration, plasmaspheric intervals is due to a reconfiguration of the duskside magnetosphere during geomagnetic substorms.

Moldwin, M.B.; Thomsen, M.F.; McComas, D.J.; Reeves, G.D.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility. 14 figs.

Muljadi, E.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

On canonical transformations of gravitational variables in extended phase space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Last years a certain attention was attracted to the statement that Hamiltonian formulations of General Relativity, in which different parametrizations of gravitational variables were used, may not be related by a canonical transformation. The example was given by the Hamiltonian formulation of Dirac and that of Arnowitt - Deser - Misner. It might witness for non-equivalence of these formulations and the original (Lagrangian) formulation of General Relativity. The problem is believed to be of importance since many authors make use of various representations of gravitational field as a starting point in searching a way to reconcile the theory of gravity with quantum principles. It can be shown that the mentioned above conclusion about non-equivalence of different Hamiltonian formulations is based on the consideration of canonical transformations in phase space of physical degrees of freedom only, while the transformations also involve gauge degrees of freedom. We shall give a clear proof that Hamiltonian formulations corresponding to different parametrizations of gravitational variables are related by canonical transformations in extended phase space embracing gauge degrees of freedom on an equal footing with physical ones. It will be demonstrated for the full gravitational theory in a wide enough class of parametrizations and gauge conditions.

T. P. Shestakova

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

302

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Variable Speed Wind Turbine Generator with Zero-sequence Filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

304

Modeling variable density effects in turbulent flames -- Some basic considerations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper discusses the basic physical phenomena involved in pressure-density interactions, and presents models of pressure-velocity, pressure-scalar, baroclinic and dilatation effects for variable density low Mach-number turbulence. Their implementation in the {kappa}-{epsilon} framework is then described and their performance evaluated. The models assume that both scalar transport and turbulence generation arising from pressure-density interactions in flames are caused by the motion of large scale turbulent thermals superposed on the normal turbulence mechanism. The velocity of the thermals is related directly to the mean pressure gradient and local density differences in the flames. It is furthermore assumed that the correction for dilatation effects in the {kappa}-{epsilon} system can be determined from the constraint of conservation of the angular momentum of turbulence per unit mass. Simple corrections of the {kappa}-{epsilon} system are proposed for fast chemistry diffusion and premixed flames subject to variable pressure gradients, which offer substantial improvements in the predictions of the flames. some problems remain, particularly in predictions of turbulence in premixed flames, owing to large scale instabilities of the flames observed in the experiments.

Chomiak, J.; Nisbet, J.R. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Thermo and Fluid Dynamics] [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Thermo and Fluid Dynamics

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Decadal to seasonal variability of Arctic sea ice albedo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A controlling factor in the seasonal and climatological evolution of the sea ice cover is its albedo $\\alpha$. Here we analyze Arctic data from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) Polar Pathfinder and assess the seasonality and variability of broadband albedo from a 23 year daily record. We produce a histogram of daily albedo over ice covered regions in which the principal albedo transitions are seen; high albedo in late winter and spring, the onset of snow melt and melt pond formation in the summer, and fall freeze up. The bimodal late summer distribution demonstrates the combination of the poleward progression of the onset of melt with the coexistence of perennial bare ice with melt ponds and open water, which then merge to a broad peak at $\\alpha \\gtrsim $ 0.5. We find the interannual variability to be dominated by the low end of the $\\alpha$ distribution, highlighting the controlling influence of the ice thickness distribution and large-scale ice edge dynamics. The statistics obtained pro...

Agarwal, S; Wettlaufer, J S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Exploring inequality violations by classical hidden variables numerically  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are increasingly suggestions for computer simulations of quantum statistics which try to violate Bell type inequalities via classical, common cause correlations. The ClauserHorneShimonyHolt (CHSH) inequality is very robust. However, we argue that with the EinsteinPodolskyRosen setup, the CHSH is inferior to the Bell inequality, although and because the latter must assume anti-correlation of entangled photon singlet states. We simulate how often quantum behavior violates both inequalities, depending on the number of photons. Violating Bell 99% of the time is argued to be an ideal benchmark. We present hidden variables that violate the Bell and CHSH inequalities with 50% probability, and ones which violate Bell 85% of the time when missing 13% anti-correlation. We discuss how to present the quantum correlations to a wide audience and conclude that, when defending against claims of hidden classicality, one should demand numerical simulations and insist on anti-correlation and the full amount of Bell violation. -- Highlights: The widely assumed superiority of the CHSH fails in the EPR problem. We simulate Bell type inequalities behavior depending on the number of photons. The core of Bells theorem in the EPR setup is introduced in a simple way understandable to a wide audience. We present hidden variables that violate both inequalities with 50% probability. Algorithms have been supplied in form of Mathematica programs.

Vongehr, Sascha, E-mail: vongehr@usc.edu

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Complex hydraulic and substrate variables limit freshwater mussel species richness and abundance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex hydraulic and substrate variables limit freshwater mussel species richness and abundance. We examined how substrate and complex hydraulic variables limit the distribution of freshwater mussels. We sampled mussels and measured substrate and hydraulic variables (at low and high flows) at 6

Vaughn, Caryn

308

Long-term climate variability and abrupt climate change Instructor: Dr. Igor Kamenkovich, associate professor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-term climate variability and abrupt climate change Instructor: Dr. Igor Kamenkovich, associate students to learn about existing theories of abrupt climate changes and climate variability on time scales of long-term climate variability and abrupt climate change. This course compliments current MPO courses

Miami, University of

309

Assessing the Impact of Wind Variability on Power System Small-Signal Reachability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variability. However, with the increased penetration of renewable-based generation, operational uncertainty by variability in the system supply side. Operational uncertainty is not new to power systems, e.g., demand]. For example, the highly variable nature of wind speeds not only makes the wind resource highly intermittent

Liberzon, Daniel

310

EXTENSION OF THE MAXIMUM POWER REGION OF DOUBLY-SALIENT VARIABLE RELUCTANCE MOTORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Salient Variable Reluctance Motors (DSVRM) has been investigated and developed for variable-speed drives during, variable-frequency generators, wind wheels, machine tools, etc.). In these applications, it is generally necessary to operate in a regime of a high speed ux-weakening (zone of maximum constant power), for a better

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

311

Regional Climate Variability in the Western U.S.: Observed vs. Anticipated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature Trends #12;More remarks on climate variability&trends Climate = GHG + `Natural Variability'+ Surface Changes + Noise GHG: Greenhouse-gas-related `Global Change' Natural Variability: Decadal (PDO Cycle · ENSO Footprint(s) · Recent Climate Trends · Outlook to Mid-21st Century Range Mgmt. Symposium

312

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-58636 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Water Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Tengfang Xu Contents HVAC.................................................................................................................................... 6 #12;HVAC Water Systems Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Summary Cleanroom energy benchmarking data

313

EFFECT OF PITCH CONTROL AND POWER CONDITIONING ON POWER QUALITY OF VARIABLE SPEED WIND TURBINE GENERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECT OF PITCH CONTROL AND POWER CONDITIONING ON POWER QUALITY OF VARIABLE SPEED WIND TURBINE), Curtin University of Technology, WA Abstract: Variable speed wind turbine generators provide the opportunity to capture more power than fixed speed turbines. However the variable speed machine output can

314

SCALE, CONTEXT, AND DECISION MAKING IN AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCALE, CONTEXT, AND DECISION MAKING IN AGRICULTURAL ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE of climate variability and change in agricultural adaptation, and developed for a case study of Australian, agriculture, climate change, decision-making, variability 1. Introduction The global agricultural industry

Risbey, James S.

315

Solar Variability and Forecasting Jan Kleissl, Chi Chow, Matt Lave, Patrick Mathiesen,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Variability of Irradiance - Variability of spatially averaged irradiance -Variability of PV power plant/2 > shadow / clear size: decrease of ramp rate and amplitude #12;Simulating different size PV plants throughW. 10 MW plant, at = 0.1, U = 5 m s-1: t = 63 sec Cumulativedistributionfunction Effect of PV Array

Homes, Christopher C.

316

1M. Panahi, S. Skogestad ' Controlled Variables Selection for a Natural Gas to Liquids (GTL) process' Controlled Variables Selection for a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1M. Panahi, S. Skogestad ' Controlled Variables Selection for a Natural Gas to Liquids (GTL) process' Controlled Variables Selection for a Natural Gas to Liquids (GTL) process Mehdi Panahi Sigurd for a Natural Gas to Liquids (GTL) process' Skogestad plantwide control procedure* I Top Down · Step 1: Identify

Skogestad, Sigurd

317

Heart Rate Variability Analysis Using Threshold of Wavelet Package Coefficients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a new efficient feature extraction method based on the adaptive threshold of wavelet package coefficients is presented. This paper especially deals with the assessment of autonomic nervous system using the background variation of the signal Heart Rate Variability HRV extracted from the wavelet package coefficients. The application of a wavelet package transform allows us to obtain a time-frequency representation of the signal, which provides better insight in the frequency distribution of the signal with time. A 6 level decomposition of HRV was achieved with db4 as mother wavelet, and the above two bands LF and HF were combined in 12 specialized frequencies sub-bands obtained in wavelet package transform. Features extracted from these coefficients can efficiently represent the characteristics of the original signal. ANOVA statistical test is used for the evaluation of proposed algorithm.

Kheder, G; Massoued, M Ben; Samet, M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Method for curing polymers using variable-frequency microwave heating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for curing polymers incorporating a variable frequency microwave furnace system designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity is disclosed. By varying the frequency of the microwave signal, non-uniformities within the cavity are minimized, thereby achieving a more uniform cure throughout the workpiece. A directional coupler is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace. A second power meter detects the magnitude of reflected power. The furnace cavity may be adapted to be used to cure materials defining a continuous sheet or which require compressive forces during curing. 15 figs.

Lauf, R.J.; Bible, D.W.; Paulauskas, F.L.

1998-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

Method for curing polymers using variable-frequency microwave heating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for curing polymers (11) incorporating a variable frequency microwave furnace system (10) designed to allow modulation of the frequency of the microwaves introduced into a furnace cavity (34). By varying the frequency of the microwave signal, non-uniformities within the cavity (34) are minimized, thereby achieving a more uniform cure throughout the workpiece (36). A directional coupler (24) is provided for detecting the direction of a signal and further directing the signal depending on the detected direction. A first power meter (30) is provided for measuring the power delivered to the microwave furnace (32). A second power meter (26) detects the magnitude of reflected power. The furnace cavity (34) may be adapted to be used to cure materials defining a continuous sheet or which require compressive forces during curing.

Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bible, Don W. (Clinton, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Variable energy positron measurements at nitrogen ion bombarded steel surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nitrogen ion bombardment of steel samples has been studied by utilizing the Delft variable energy positron beam facility. The energy of the beam was varied between 250 eV and 25 keV and a line-shape parameter S describing the annihilation radiation has been measured. By use of the VEPFIT fitting program, up to five different layers, each having different densities, could be identified and characterized. The results show that carbon layers deposited during nitrogen implantation can be observed. A relation between the measured depth profiles of nitrogen, carbon and oxygen by Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis (ERDA) and the results of positron annihilation is given and discussed. The wear and friction properties of the steel surfaces before and after nitrogen implantation are presented.

Brauer, G.; Kolitsch, A. [Research Centre Rossendorf, Inc., Dresden (Germany); Schut, H.; Veen, A. van [TU Delft (Netherlands). Interfaculty Reactor Inst.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Payback enormous for variable-frequency motor drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The City Utilities of Springfield's (Mo) 200-MW Southwest power station is a 200-MW plant anchored around a single coal-fired steam generator and its major support systems, including an electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and two wet limestone scrubbers. In the late 1980s, engineers at Southwest began evaluating the feasibility of installing variable-frequency drives (VFD) to reduce the plant's parasitic load and boost overall performance. This article reports on VFDs installed to control the induced draft (i-d) and forced-draft (f-d) fan motors at the plant. The devices have surpassed the utility's expectations by reducing parasitic load, improving combustion control, and increasing overall plant reliability. Virtually every major plant component--including the ESPs and scrubbers--performs better as a result of the retrofit.

Collins, S.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Systematic Controller Design Methodology for Variable-Speed Wind Turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Variable-speed, horizontal axis wind turbines use blade-pitch control to meet specified objectives for three operational regions. This paper provides a guide for controller design for the constant power production regime. A simple, rigid, non-linear turbine model was used to systematically perform trade-off studies between two performance metrics. Minimization of both the deviation of the rotor speed from the desired speed and the motion of the actuator is desired. The robust nature of the proportional-integral-derivative controller is illustrated, and optimal operating conditions are determined. Because numerous simulation runs may be completed in a short time, the relationship between the two opposing metrics is easily visualized.

Hand, M. M.; Balas, M. J.

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Identification of building applications for a variable-conductance insulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent experiments have confirmed the feasibility of controllable, reversible disabling of a vacuum insulation panel, which may result in the development of energy-efficient building envelope components. These components could extend the managed energy exchange through the building envelope from about 30% (typical with fenestration systems in commercial buildings), to as much as 90% of the gross wall and roof areas. Further investigation will be required to optimized the thermal response and the magnitude of the R-value swing (from a difference between insulating and conducting insulating values of 4 to as high as a factor of 100). The potential for energy reduction by using the variable-conductance insulation in the building envelope is discussed, and other potential building applications are mentioned.

Potter, T.F. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Tuluca, A. [Winter (Steven) Associates, Inc., New York, NY (United States)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Interrelationship of variables concerned in a swine testing program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'~. ~ - sort'. : ?. 1 carr, , l: t" cna (cxlcu- lated ';" t~. a !. n-rs) c:ana lanai sad nonsi, nific. "nt in;. . ll nhanas ax I he (ac~in- r" . ii d ~ The rross correlations ind ic;. tad. , ':h. ". . t I;ha older ai s nt th. b. . 'nnin; ~" the t'-t ccnsuma...IViT', -". I%X'. TXGN'"FiXP GP VARIABLY" C~ AC". , WT", i' XB' h;=, BXMi, T. ;GTZ% ~HGG~s ANTG)MG GTGCJiL-". H BARHGGA A Thoeie b7 , ". ubmitted to the Graduate school of tho ~g i Aglcultuxal anC Hechnrd. cnl College of Tezaa ln y ~ ~&ia1...

Barbosa, Antonio Stockler

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Targeting nanodisks via a single chain variable antibody - Apolipoprotein chimera  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanodisks (ND) are nanometer scale complexes of phospholipid and apolipoprotein that have been shown to function as drug delivery vehicles. ND harboring significant quantities of the antifungal agent, amphotericin B, or the bioactive isoprenoid, all trans retinoic acid, have been generated and characterized. As currently formulated, ND possess limited targeting capability. In this study, we constructed a single chain variable antibody (scFv).apolipoprotein chimera and assessed the ability of this fusion protein to form ND and recognize the antigen to which the scFv is directed. Data obtained revealed that {alpha}-vimentin scFv.apolipoprotein A-I is functional in ND formation and antigen recognition, opening the door to the use of such chimeras in targeting drug-enriched ND to specific tissues.

Iovannisci, David M.; Beckstead, Jennifer A. [Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr. Way, Oakland, CA 94609 (United States); Ryan, Robert O. [Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, 5700 Martin Luther King Jr. Way, Oakland, CA 94609 (United States)], E-mail: rryan@chori.org

2009-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

326

Inference in Hybrid Bayesian Networks with Deterministic Variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this relationship is shown in Figure 1. The joint CDF for {X,Y} is then given by F X,Y (x, y)=P[X ? x, Y ? y] = braceleftBigg F X (x)ifxvariables X and Y with an arrow from X to Y where Y is a con- ditionally deterministic, monotonically in- creasing function of X. Then, the equiva- lent...

Cobb, Barry R.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Longwave thermal infrared spectral variability in individual rocks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hyperspectral imaging spectrometer measuring in the longwave thermal infrared (7.6-11.6 {micro}m) with a spatial resolution less than 4 mm was used in the field to observe the variability of emissivity spectra within individual rocks. The rocks were obtained commercially, were on the order of 20 cm in size and were selected to have distinct spectral features: they include alabaster (gypsum), soapstone (steatite with talc), obsidian (volcanic glass), norite (plagioclase and orthopyroxene), and 'jasper' (silica with iron oxides). The advantages of using an imaging spectrometer to spectrally characterize these rocks are apparent. Large spectral variations were observed within individual rocks that may be attributed to roughness, surface geometry, and compositional variation. Non-imaging spectrometers would normally miss these variations as would small samples used in laboratory measurements, spatially averaged spectra can miss the optimum spectra for identification materials and spatially localized components of the rock can be obscured.

Balick, Lee K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gillespie, Alan [UN. WASHINGTON; French, Andrew [USDA-ARS; Danilina, Iryna [UN. WASHINGTON

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Self-referenced continuous-variable quantum key distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a new continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CV-QKD) protocol, self-referenced CV-QKD, that eliminates the need for transmission of a high-power local oscillator between the communicating parties. In this protocol, each signal pulse is accompanied by a reference pulse (or a pair of twin reference pulses), used to align Alice's and Bob's measurement bases. We present a proof-of-principle, fiber-based experimental demonstration of the protocol and quantify the expected secret key rates by expressing them in terms of experimental parameters. Our analysis of the secret key rate fully takes into account the inherent uncertainty associated with the quantum nature of the reference pulse(s) and quantifies the limit at which the theoretical key rate approaches that of the respective conventional protocol that requires local oscillator transmission. The self-referenced protocol greatly simplifies the hardware required for CV-QKD, especially for potential integrated photonics implementations of trans...

Soh, Daniel B S; Coles, Patrick J; Ltkenhaus, Norbert; Camacho, Ryan M; Urayama, Junji; Sarovar, Mohan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Observational Constraints of New Variable Modified Chaplygin Gas Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assuming the flat FRW universe in Einstein's gravity filled with New Variable Modified Chaplygin gas (NVMCG) dark energy and dark matter having negligible pressure. In this research work we analyze the viability on the basis of recent observation. Hubble parameter $H$ is expressed in terms of the observable parameters $H_0$, $\\Omega_m^0$ and the model parameters $A_0$, $B_0$, $C_0$, $m$, $n$, $\\alpha$ and the red shift parameter $z$. Here we find a best fitted parameter range of $A_0$, $B_0$ keeping $0\\leq \\alpha \\leq 1$ and using Stern data set (12 points) by minimizing the $\\chi^2$ test at 66%, 90% and 99% confidence levels. Next we do the joint analysis with BAO and CMB observations. Again evaluating the distance modulus $\\mu(z)$ vs redshift ($z$) curve obtained in the model NVMCG with dark matter with the best fitted value of the parameters and comparing with that derived from the union2 compilation data.

Jhumpa Bhadra; Ujjal Debnath

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

330

Method and Appartus for Calibrating a Linear Variable Differential Transformer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A calibration apparatus for calibrating a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) having an armature positioned in au LVDT armature orifice, and the armature able to move along an axis of movement. The calibration apparatus includes a heating mechanism with an internal chamber, a temperature measuring mechanism for measuring the temperature of the LVDT, a fixture mechanism with an internal chamber for at least partially accepting the LVDT and for securing the LVDT within the heating mechanism internal chamber, a moving mechanism for moving the armature, a position measurement mechanism for measuring the position of the armature, and an output voltage measurement mechanism. A method for calibrating an LVDT, including the steps of powering the LVDT; heating the LVDT to a desired temperature; measuring the position of the armature with respect to the armature orifice; and measuring the output voltage of the LVDT.

Pokrywka, Robert J.

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

331

Method and apparatus for calibrating a linear variable differential transformer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A calibration apparatus for calibrating a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) having an armature positioned in au LVDT armature orifice, and the armature able to move along an axis of movement. The calibration apparatus includes a heating mechanism with an internal chamber, a temperature measuring mechanism for measuring the temperature of the LVDT, a fixture mechanism with an internal chamber for at least partially accepting the LVDT and for securing the LVDT within the heating mechanism internal chamber, a moving mechanism for moving the armature, a position measurement mechanism for measuring the position of the armature, and an output voltage measurement mechanism. A method for calibrating an LVDT, including the steps of: powering the LVDT; heating the LVDT to a desired temperature; measuring the position of the armature with respect to the armature orifice; and measuring the output voltage of the LVDT.

Pokrywka, Robert J. (North Huntingdon, PA)

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

332

Climate dynamics and fluid mechanics: Natural variability and related uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this review-and-research paper is twofold: (i) to review the role played in climate dynamics by fluid-dynamical models; and (ii) to contribute to the understanding and reduction of the uncertainties in future climate-change projections. To illustrate the first point, we focus on the large-scale, wind-driven flow of the mid-latitude oceans which contribute in a crucial way to Earth's climate, and to changes therein. We study the low-frequency variability (LFV) of the wind-driven, double-gyre circulation in mid-latitude ocean basins, via the bifurcation sequence that leads from steady states through periodic solutions and on to the chaotic, irregular flows documented in the observations. This sequence involves local, pitchfork and Hopf bifurcations, as well as global, homoclinic ones. The natural climate variability induced by the LFV of the ocean circulation is but one of the causes of uncertainties in climate projections. Another major cause of such uncertainties could reside in the structural instability in the topological sense, of the equations governing climate dynamics, including but not restricted to those of atmospheric and ocean dynamics. We propose a novel approach to understand, and possibly reduce, these uncertainties, based on the concepts and methods of random dynamical systems theory. As a very first step, we study the effect of noise on the topological classes of the Arnol'd family of circle maps, a paradigmatic model of frequency locking as occurring in the nonlinear interactions between the El Nino-Southern Oscillations (ENSO) and the seasonal cycle. It is shown that the maps' fine-grained resonant landscape is smoothed by the noise, thus permitting their coarse-grained classification. This result is consistent with stabilizing effects of stochastic parametrization obtained in modeling of ENSO phenomenon via some general circulation models.

Michael Ghil; Mickal D. Chekroun; Eric Simonnet

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Performance of twist-coupled blades on variable speed rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The load mitigation and energy capture characteristics of twist-coupled HAWT blades that are mounted on a variable speed rotor are investigated in this paper. These blades are designed to twist toward feather as they bend with pretwist set to achieve a desirable twist distribution at rated power. For this investigation, the ADAMS-WT software has been modified to include blade models with bending-twist coupling. Using twist-coupled and uncoupled models, the ADAMS software is exercised for steady wind environments to generate C{sub p} curves at a number of operating speeds to compare the efficiencies of the two models. The ADAMS software is also used to generate the response of a twist-coupled variable speed rotor to a spectrum of stochastic wind time series. This spectrum contains time series with two mean wind speeds at two turbulence levels. Power control is achieved by imposing a reactive torque on the low speed shaft proportional to the RPM squared with the coefficient specified so that the rotor operates at peak efficiency in the linear aerodynamic range, and by limiting the maximum RPM to take advantage of the stall controlled nature of the rotor. Fatigue calculations are done for the generated load histories using a range of material exponents that represent materials from welded steel to aluminum to composites, and results are compared with the damage computed for the rotor without twist-coupling. Results indicate that significant reductions in damage are achieved across the spectrum of applied wind loading without any degradation in power production.

Lobitz, D.W.; Veers, P.S.; Laino, D.J.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

System and method of modulating electrical signals using photoconductive wide bandgap semiconductors as variable resistors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for producing modulated electrical signals. The system uses a variable resistor having a photoconductive wide bandgap semiconductor material construction whose conduction response to changes in amplitude of incident radiation is substantially linear throughout a non-saturation region to enable operation in non-avalanche mode. The system also includes a modulated radiation source, such as a modulated laser, for producing amplitude-modulated radiation with which to direct upon the variable resistor and modulate its conduction response. A voltage source and an output port, are both operably connected to the variable resistor so that an electrical signal may be produced at the output port by way of the variable resistor, either generated by activation of the variable resistor or propagating through the variable resistor. In this manner, the electrical signal is modulated by the variable resistor so as to have a waveform substantially similar to the amplitude-modulated radiation.

Harris, John Richardson; Caporaso, George J; Sampayan, Stephen E

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

335

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel prices, and future investment costs of conventionalof avoided capital investment cost and avoided variable fuelsystem including capital investment cost, variable fuel, and

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

VARIABILITY OF KD VALUES IN CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS AND SEDIMENTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measured distribution coefficients (K{sub d} values) for environmental contaminants provide input data for performance assessments (PA) that evaluate physical and chemical phenomena for release of radionuclides from wasteforms, degradation of engineered components and subsequent transport of radionuclides through environmental media. Research efforts at SRNL to study the effects of formulation and curing variability on the physiochemical properties of the saltstone wasteform produced at the Saltstone Disposal Facility (SDF) are ongoing and provide information for the PA and Saltstone Operations. Furthermore, the range and distribution of plutonium K{sub d} values in soils is not known. Knowledge of these parameters is needed to provide guidance for stochastic modeling in the PA. Under the current SRS liquid waste processing system, supernate from F & H Tank Farm tanks is processed to remove actinides and fission products, resulting in a low-curie Decontaminated Salt Solution (DSS). At the Saltstone Production Facility (SPF), DSS is mixed with premix, comprised of blast furnace slag (BFS), Class F fly ash (FA), and portland cement (OPC) to form a grout mixture. The fresh grout is subsequently placed in SDF vaults where it cures through hydration reactions to produce saltstone, a hardened monolithic waste form. Variation in saltstone composition and cure conditions of grout can affect the saltstone's physiochemical properties. Variations in properties may originate from variables in DSS, premix, and water to premix ratio, grout mixing, placing, and curing conditions including time and temperature (Harbour et al. 2007; Harbour et al. 2009). There are no previous studies reported in the literature regarding the range and distribution of K{sub d} values in cementitious materials. Presently, the Savannah River Site (SRS) estimate ranges and distributions of K{sub d} values based on measurements of K{sub d} values made in sandy SRS sediments (Kaplan 2010). The actual cementitious material K{sub d} values and solubility values differ from the sandy sediments. The K{sub d} value range and distribution currently used in the PA are estimated to range between 0.25*K{sub d} and 1.75*K{sub d}, where the minimum and maximum values of the ranges reflect the 95% confidence level for the mean K{sub d} value (Kaplan 2010). The objective of the research with cementitious materials was to measure the range and distribution of a monovalent (Cs) and I{sup -} (anion), divalent (Sr), and trivalent (Eu) ions for a variety of laboratory-prepared saltstone surrogate samples to establish a K{sub d} range other than that which is presently used in the PA. It has been observed in laboratory samples that cure temperature profiles can affect properties such as heat of hydration, permeability, porosity, compressive strength, and set time (Harbour et al. 2009). The intent was to identify a range and distribution that could be used by stochastic modelers for the PA. Furthermore, the intent was to replace the arbitrarily selected distributions based on geological sandy sediments and to base it on actual cementitious materials. The scope of this study did not include understanding saltstone sorption mechanisms responsible for increasing or decreasing sorption. Similar to the work with cementitious materials, the purpose of the Pu sediment K{sub d} dataset was not to attempt to understand through statistics how to better understand Pu sorption to sediments or to lower Pu K{sub d} variance. The sediment Pu K{sub d} data is included in this study because it is a key risk driver for the PAs on the SRS, and there is presently no direct studies of Pu variability in SRS soils. Instead the distribution of Pu sediment K{sub d} values was assumed to be similar to other cations, as presented by Kaplan (2010).

Almond, P.; Kaplan, D.; Shine, E.

2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

337

BROAD ABSORPTION LINE VARIABILITY ON MULTI-YEAR TIMESCALES IN A LARGE QUASAR SAMPLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a detailed investigation of the variability of 428 C IV and 235 Si IV broad absorption line (BAL) troughs identified in multi-epoch observations of 291 quasars by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-I/II/III. These observations primarily sample rest-frame timescales of 1-3.7 yr over which significant rearrangement of the BAL wind is expected. We derive a number of observational results on, e.g., the frequency of BAL variability, the velocity range over which BAL variability occurs, the primary observed form of BAL-trough variability, the dependence of BAL variability upon timescale, the frequency of BAL strengthening versus weakening, correlations between BAL variability and BAL-trough profiles, relations between C IV and Si IV BAL variability, coordinated multi-trough variability, and BAL variations as a function of quasar properties. We assess implications of these observational results for quasar winds. Our results support models where most BAL absorption is formed within an order-of-magnitude of the wind-launching radius, although a significant minority of BAL troughs may arise on larger scales. We estimate an average lifetime for a BAL trough along our line-of-sight of a few thousand years. BAL disappearance and emergence events appear to be extremes of general BAL variability, rather than being qualitatively distinct phenomena. We derive the parameters of a random-walk model for BAL EW variability, finding that this model can acceptably describe some key aspects of EW variability. The coordinated trough variability of BAL quasars with multiple troughs suggests that changes in 'shielding gas' may play a significant role in driving general BAL variability.

Filiz Ak, N.; Brandt, W. N.; Schneider, D. P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Hall, P. B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, York University, 4700 Keele St., Toronto, Ontario, M3J 1P3 (Canada); Anderson, S. F. [Astronomy Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Hamann, F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055 (United States); Lundgren, B. F. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Myers, Adam D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 (United States); Pris, I. [Departamento de Astronoma, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Petitjean, P. [Universite Paris 6, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 75014, Paris (France); Ross, Nicholas P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 92420 (United States); Shen, Yue [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS-51, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); York, Don, E-mail: nfilizak@astro.psu.edu [The University of Chicago, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Multiwave imaging in an enclosure with variable wave speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider the mathematical model of thermo- and photo-acoustic tomography for the recovery of the initial condition of a wave field from knowledge of its boundary values. Unlike the free-space setting, we consider the wave problem in a region enclosed by a surface where an impedance boundary condition is imposed. This condition models the presence of physical boundaries such as interfaces or acoustic mirrors which reflect some of the wave energy back into the enclosed domain. By recognizing that the inverse problem is equivalent to a statement of boundary observability, we use control operators to prove the unique and stable recovery of the initial wave profile from knowledge of boundary measurements. Since our proof is constructive, we explicitly derive a solvable equation for the unknown initial condition. This equation can be solved numerically using the conjugate gradient method. We also propose an alternative approach based on the stabilization of waves. This leads to an exponentially and uniformly convergent Neumann series reconstruction when the impedance coefficient is not identically zero. In both cases, if well-known geometrical conditions are satisfied, our approaches are naturally suited for variable wave speed and for measurements on a subset of the boundary.

Sebastian Acosta; Carlos Montalto

2015-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

339

Electron cyclotron emission spectrometry on the Tokamak a Configuration Variable  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron cyclotron emission (ECE) measurements are an important component of the diagnostic suite on the Tokamak a Configuration Variable (TCV) [F. Hoffman et al., Plasma Phys. Controlled Fusion 36, B277 (1994)]. A recently installed, 24-channel dual-conversion heterodyne radiometer covering the radio frequency range 65-100 GHz and viewing from the low-field side (LFS) of the tokamak greatly enhances the system and, in combination with an existing radiometer viewing from the high-field side (HFS), allows simultaneous measurements of emission from the HFS and LFS. In addition, the new radiometer has multiple lines of sight that can receive the emission perpendicular to the toroidal magnetic field as well as with a finite k{sub parallel} (wave vector parallel to magnetic field). Such flexibility allows the LFS radiometer to make standard measurements of thermal emission and nonstandard measurements of nonthermal, anisotropic emission. The toroidal line of sight allows access to overdense plasma via mode converted emission. The enhanced ECE diagnostic is described and examples of measurements made in various configurations are presented.

Klimanov, I.; Porte, L.; Alberti, S.; Blanchard, P.; Fasoli, A.; Goodman, T.P. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas (CRPP), Association EURATOM-Confederation Suisse, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

Electromagnetic variable degrees of freedom actuator systems and methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a variable reluctance actuator system and method that can be adapted for simultaneous rotation and translation of a moving element by applying a normal-direction magnetic flux on the moving element. In a beneficial example arrangement, the moving element includes a swing arm that carries a cutting tool at a set radius from an axis of rotation so as to produce a rotary fast tool servo that provides a tool motion in a direction substantially parallel to the surface-normal of a workpiece at the point of contact between the cutting tool and workpiece. An actuator rotates a swing arm such that a cutting tool moves toward and away from a mounted rotating workpiece in a controlled manner in order to machine the workpiece. Position sensors provide rotation and displacement information for a swing arm to a control system. A control system commands and coordinates motion of the fast tool servo with the motion of a spindle, rotating table, cross-feed slide, and in feed slide of a precision lathe.

Montesanti, Richard C. (Pleasanton, CA); Trumper, David L. (Plaistow, NH); Kirtley, Jr., James L. (Brookline, MA)

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Late Holocene Radiocarbon Variability in Northwest Atlantic Slope Waters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep-sea gorgonian corals secrete a 2-part skeleton of calcite, derived from dissolved inorganic carbon at depth, and gorgonin, derived from recently fixed and exported particulate organic matter. Radiocarbon contents of the calcite and gorgonin provide direct measures of seawater radiocarbon at depth and in the overlying surface waters, respectively. Using specimens collected from Northwest Atlantic slope waters, we generated radiocarbon records for surface and upper intermediate water layers spanning the pre- and post bomb-{sup 14}C eras. In Labrador Slope Water (LSW), convective mixing homogenizes the pre-bomb {Delta}{sup 14}C signature (-67 {+-} 4{per_thousand}) to at least 1000 m depth. Surface water bomb-{sup 14}C signals were lagged and damped (peaking at {approx} +45{per_thousand} in the early 1980s) relative to other regions of the northwest Atlantic, and intermediate water signals were damped further. Off southwest Nova Scotia, the vertical gradient in {Delta}{sup 14}C is much stronger. In surface water, pre-bomb {Delta}{sup 14}C averaged -75 {+-} 5{per_thousand}. At 250-475 m depth, prebomb {Delta}{sup 14}C oscillated quasi-decadally between -80 and -100{per_thousand}, likely reflecting interannual variability in the presence of Labrador Slope Water vs. Warm Slope Water (WSW). Finally, subfossil corals reveal no systematic changes in vertical {Delta}{sup 14}C gradients over the last 1200 years.

Sherwood, O; Edinger, E; Guilderson, T P; Ghaleb, B; Risk, M J; Scott, D B

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

OBSERVATIONS OF THERMAL FLARE PLASMA WITH THE EUV VARIABILITY EXPERIMENT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the defining characteristics of a solar flare is the impulsive formation of very high temperature plasma. The properties of the thermal emission are not well understood, however, and the analysis of solar flare observations is often predicated on the assumption that the flare plasma is isothermal. The EUV Variability Experiment (EVE) on the Solar Dynamics Observatory provides spectrally resolved observations of emission lines that span a wide range of temperatures (e.g., Fe XV-Fe XXIV) and allow for thermal flare plasma to be studied in detail. In this paper we describe a method for computing the differential emission measure distribution in a flare using EVE observations and apply it to several representative events. We find that in all phases of the flare the differential emission measure distribution is broad. Comparisons of EVE spectra with calculations based on parameters derived from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites soft X-ray fluxes indicate that the isothermal approximation is generally a poor representation of the thermal structure of a flare.

Warren, Harry P.; Doschek, George A. [Space Science Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Mariska, John T. [School of Physics, Astronomy, and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

343

Variable current speed controller for eddy current motors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A speed control system for eddy current motors is provided in which the current to the motor from a constant frequency power source is varied by comparing the actual motor speed signal with a setpoint speed signal to control the motor speed according to the selected setpoint speed. A three-phase variable voltage autotransformer is provided for controlling the voltage from a three-phase power supply. A corresponding plurality of current control resistors is provided in series with each phase of the autotransformer output connected to inputs of a three-phase motor. Each resistor is connected in parallel with a set of normally closed contacts of plurality of relays which are operated by control logic. A logic circuit compares the selected speed with the actual motor speed obtained from a digital tachometer monitoring the motor spindle speed and operated the relays to add or substract resistance equally in each phase of the motor input to vary the motor current to control the motor at the selected speed.

Gerth, H.L.; Bailey, J.M.; Casstevens, J.M.; Dixon, J.H.; Griffith, B.O.; Igou, R.E.

1982-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

344

Interrelationships among alternative export variables and their impacts on corn prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

export variable. Corn export sales data (collected by USDA since 1973) provide an additional source of information on export movements, thus offering an alternative export demand indicator. Data on commercial stocks at terminals and port elevators...). The primary objective of this study was to assess the impacts of these alternative export variables (sales, stocks, and shipments) on corn prices, and to investigate the dynamic interrelationships among these variables. The observations were carried out...

Clarke, Somkid Tammakrut

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A Variable Refrigerant Flow Heat Pump Computer Model in EnergyPlus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the variable refrigerant flow heat pump computer model included with the Department of Energy's EnergyPlusTM whole-building energy simulation software. The mathematical model for a variable refrigerant flow heat pump operating in cooling or heating mode, and a detailed model for the variable refrigerant flow direct-expansion (DX) cooling coil are described in detail.

Raustad, Richard A. [Florida Solar Energy Center

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Variable community responses to herbivory in fire-altered landscapes of northern Patagonia, Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable community responses to herbivory in fire-altered landscapes of northern Patagonia 2003, accepted 6 April 2005 Landscapes in northern Patagonia have undergone dramatic changes in fire

Veblen, Thomas T.

347

On automatic differentiation of codes with COMPLEX arithmetic with respect to real variables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore what it means to apply automatic differentiation with respect to a set of real variables to codes containing complex arithmetic. That is, both dependent and independent variables with respect to differentiation are real variables, but in order to exploit features of complex mathematics, part of the code is expressed by employing complex arithmetic. We investigate how one can apply automatic differentiation to complex variables if one exploits the homomorphism of the complex numbers C onto R{sup 2}. It turns out that, by and large, the usual rules of differentiation apply, but subtle differences in special cases arise for sqrt (), abs (), and the power operator.

Pusch, G.D.; Bischof, C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Carle, A. [Rice Univ., St. Houston, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Goldman, G. (2009) Retail demand response in Southwest PowerCoordination of retail demand response with Midwest ISO2010. 110 pages. Demand Response and Variable Generation

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

One of These Homes is Not Like the Other: Residential Energy Consumption Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the total annual energy consumption. The behavior patternsin total residential energy consumption per home, even whenthe variability in energy consumption can vary by factors of

Kelsven, Phillip

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Implications of geographic diversity for short-term variability and predictability of solar power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Term variability of solar power, Lawrence Berkeley Nationaldue to wind and solar power, Environmental Science &and Predictability of Solar Power Andrew D. Mills and Ryan

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Session 3: Impact on U.S. Ancillary Services Markets from Variable Renewable Energy (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The presentation provides an overview of how increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy on the electricity grid are impacting ancillary services markets in the United States.

Cochran, J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Market Characteristics for Efficient Integration of Variable Generation in the Western Interconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overriding purpose of this report is to establish the physical requirements of a power system that can accommodate high levels of variable generation.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Characterizing and Leveraging Processor Variability in Mobile Devices for Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy usage an the role device variability can play in these trade-offs and find that it is possible for us

Chandrashekhar, Roshni

354

Experimental analysis of variable capacity heat pump system equipped with vapour injection and permanent magnet motor.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This study analyzes the performance of variable capacity heat pump scroll compressor which is equipped with vapour injection and permanent magnet motor. Refrigerant used (more)

Awan, Umer Khalid

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

E-Print Network 3.0 - anatomic variables affecting Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anatomic variables affecting Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision, ??, 117 (????) c...

356

Understanding Variability and Uncertainty of Photovoltaics for Integration with the Electric Power System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variability of photovoltaic (PV) plants to avoid unnecessaryhowever, occurs within PV plants. The degree of smoothingof photovoltaic (PV) plants. The workshop brought together

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Influences of climate variability and change on precipitation characteristics and extremes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study focuses on two main broad areas of active research on climate: climate variability and climate change and their implications on regional precipitation characteristics. (more)

Goly, Aneesh.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Changes in hydrological extremes and climate variability in the Severn Uplands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Hydrological extremes within the UK have increased in intensity, frequency and persistence over recent years and are predicted to increase in variability throughout the 21st (more)

Biggs, Eloise M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Internal variability of the tropical Pacific ocean Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internal variability of the tropical Pacific ocean M. Jochum Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary model of the tropical Pacific ocean is analyzed to quantify the interannual variability caused by internal variability of ocean dynamics. It is found that along the Pacific cold tongue internal variability

Jochum, Markus

360

Visit to Darwin Regional Forecasting Centre, 11 April 2012 Drivers of tropical intra-seasonal climate variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-seasonal climate variability: simulation and prediction using POAMA-2 Andrew Marshall Debbie Hudson, Matthew

Marshall, Andrew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

High Temperature Variable Conductance Heat Pipes for Radioisotope Stirling Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a Stirling radioisotope system, heat must continually be removed from the GPHS modules, to maintain the GPHS modules and surrounding insulation at acceptable temperatures. Normally, the Stirling converter provides this cooling. If the Stirling engine stops in the current system, the insulation is designed to spoil, preventing damage to the GPHS, but also ending the mission. An alkali-metal Variable Conductance Heat Pipe (VCHP) is under development to allow multiple stops and restarts of the Stirling engine. The status of the ongoing effort in developing this technology is presented in this paper. An earlier, preliminary design had a radiator outside the Advanced Stirling Radioisotope Generator (ASRG) casing, used NaK as the working fluid, and had the reservoir located on the cold side adapter flange. The revised design has an internal radiator inside the casing, with the reservoir embedded inside the insulation. A large set of advantages are offered by this new design. In addition to reducing the overall size and mass of the VCHP, simplicity, compactness and easiness in assembling the VCHP with the ASRG are significantly enhanced. Also, the permanently elevated temperatures of the entire VCHP allows the change of the working fluid from a binary compound (NaK) to single compound (Na). The latter, by its properties, allows higher performance and further mass reduction of the system. Preliminary design and analysis shows an acceptable peak temperature of the ASRG case of 140 deg. C while the heat losses caused by the addition of the VCHP are 1.8 W.

Tarau, Calin; Walker, Kara L.; Anderson, William G. [Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. 1046 New Holland Ave. Lancaster, PA 17601 (United States)

2009-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

362

Classical Novae as a Probe of the Cataclysmic Variable Population  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Classical Novae (CNe) are the brightest manifestation of mass transfer onto a white dwarf in a cataclysmic variable (CV). As such, they are probes of the mass transfer rate, Mdot, and WD mass, Mwd, in these interacting binaries. Our calculations of the dependence of the CN ignition mass, Mign, on Mdot and Mwd yields the recurrence times of these explosions. We show that the observed CNe orbital period distribution is consistent with the interrupted magnetic braking evolutionary scenario, where at orbital periods Porb > 3 hr mass transfer is driven by angular momentum loss via a wind from the companion star and at Porb < 3 hr by gravitational radiation. About 50% of CNe occur in binaries accreting at Mdot ~= 10^{-9} Msun/yr with Porb = 3-4 hr, with the remaining 50% split evenly between Porb longer (higher Mdot) and shorter (lower Mdot) than this. This resolution of the relative contribution to the CN rate from different CVs tells us that 3(9)x10^5 CVs with WD mass 1.0(0.6)Msun are needed to produce one CN per year. Using the K-band specific CN rate measured in external galaxies, we find a CV birthrate of 2(4)x10^{-4}/yr per 10^{10}Lsun,K, very similar to the luminosity specific Type Ia supernova rate in elliptical galaxies. Likewise, we predict that there should be 60-180 CVs for every 10^6Lsun,K in an old stellar population, similar to the number of X-ray identified CVs in the globular cluster 47 Tuc, showing no overabundance relative to the field. Using a two-component steady state model of CV evolution we show that the fraction of CVs which are magnetic (22%) implies a birthrate of 8% relative to non-magnetic CVs, similar to the fraction of strongly magnetic field WDs. (abridged)

Dean M. Townsley; Lars Bildsten

2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

363

TW Hya: SPECTRAL VARIABILITY, X-RAYS, AND ACCRETION DIAGNOSTICS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nearest accreting T Tauri star, TW Hya was intensively and continuously observed over {approx}17 days with spectroscopic and photometric measurements from four continents simultaneous with a long segmented exposure using the Chandra satellite. Contemporaneous optical photometry from WASP-S indicates a 4.74 day period was present during this time. The absence of a similar periodicity in the H{alpha} flux and the total X-ray flux which are dominated by accretion processes and the stellar corona, respectively, points to a different source of photometric variations. The H{alpha} emission line appears intrinsically broad and symmetric, and both the profile and its variability suggest an origin in the post-shock cooling region. An accretion event, signaled by soft X-rays, is traced spectroscopically for the first time through the optical emission line profiles. After the accretion event, downflowing turbulent material observed in the H{alpha} and H{beta} lines is followed by He I ({lambda}5876) broadening near the photosphere. Optical veiling resulting from the heated photosphere increases with a delay of {approx}2 hr after the X-ray accretion event. The response of the stellar coronal emission to an increase in the veiling follows {approx}2.4 hr later, giving direct evidence that the stellar corona is heated in part by accretion. Subsequently, the stellar wind becomes re-established. We suggest a model that incorporates the dynamics of this sequential series of events: an accretion shock, a cooling downflow in a supersonically turbulent region, followed by photospheric and later, coronal heating. This model naturally explains the presence of broad optical and ultraviolet lines, and affects the mass accretion rates determined from emission line profiles.

Dupree, A. K.; Brickhouse, N. S.; Cranmer, S. R.; Luna, G. J. M.; Schneider, E. E. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Bessell, M. S. [Australian National Observatory, Mount Stromlo Observatory, Canberra, ACT 2611 (Australia); Bonanos, A. [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Athens (Greece); Crause, L. A. [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935, Cape Town (South Africa); Lawson, W. A. [School of Physical, Environmental, and Math Sciences, University of New South Wales, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia); Mallik, S. V. [Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore 560034 (India); Schuler, S. C. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

SPH simulations of tidally unstable accretion disks in cataclysmic variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We numerically study the precessing disk model for superhump in the SU~UMa subclass of cataclysmic variables, using a two dimensional SPH code specifically designed for thin disk problems. Two disk simulations for a binary with mass ratio $q=\\frac{3}{17}$ (similar to OY~Car) are performed, in order to investigate the Lubow (1991 a,b) tidal resonance instability mechanism. In the first calculation, a disk evolves under steady mass transfer from $L_1$. In the second simulation, mass is added in Keplerian orbit to the inner disk. The two disks follow similar evolutionary paths. However the $L_1$ stream-disk interaction is found to slow the disk's radial expansion and to circularise gas orbits. The initial eccentricity growth in our simulations is exponential at a rate slightly less than predicted by Lubow (1991a). We do not observe a clearing of material from the resonance region via the disk's tidal response to the $m=2$ component of the binary potential as was described in Lubow (1992). Instead the $m=2$ response weakens as the disk eccentricty increases. Both disks reach an eccentric equilibrium state, in which they undergo prograde precession. The rate of viscous energy dissipation in the disks has a periodic excess with a period matching the disk's rotation. The source is identified as a large region in the outer disk, and the mechanism by which it is produced is identified. The time taken for the periodic excess to develop is consistent with the first appearance of superhumps in a superoutburst.

James R. Murray

1995-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

365

Variable length pattern coding for power reduction in off-chip data buses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicating the index of the match is sent. If a variable length pattern match occurs then the code and unmatched portion of data is sent. We implemented our scheme, Variable Length Pattern Coding (VLPC) for various integer and floating point benchmarks...

Venkitasubramanian Iyer, Jayakrishnan

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Optimization of Wind Power and Its Variability With a Computational Intelligence Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of Wind Power and Its Variability With a Computational Intelligence Approach Zijun is presented for maximizing the generation of wind power while minimizing its variability. In the optimization model, data-driven approaches are used to model the wind-power generation process based on industrial

Kusiak, Andrew

367

ForPeerReview Variable Irrigation District Action in Water Trading  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ForPeerReview Variable Irrigation District Action in Water Trading Journal: Journal of the AmericanPeerReview Variable Irrigation District Action in Water Trading Narishwar Ghimire and Ronald C. Griffin1 Abstract diverse in terms of their water right endowments, acreages served, magnitude of local16 urbanization

Griffin, Ronald

368

Spatial variability in soil heat flux at three Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 2008 Accepted 18 April 2008 Keywords: Energy balance Soil heat flux Available energy Eddy variability in soil heat flux contributing to energy balance closure (EBC), by deploying a mobile energySpatial variability in soil heat flux at three Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems Changliang Shao a

Chen, Jiquan

369

Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled soilvegetationatmosphere system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the incoming radiation or energy budget noise variability at the surface. Conversely, soil heat flux is shown on the influence of landsurface energy budget errors on the soilABL system. Other numerical studiesHarmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled

Gentine, Pierre

370

Neural Computation 9, 971983 (1997) Physiological Gain Leads to High ISI Variability in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neural Computation 9, 971­983 (1997) Physiological Gain Leads to High ISI Variability in a Simple@phy.ucsf.edu, ken@phy.ucsf.edu Abstract To understand the interspike interval (ISI) variability displayed by visual that have previously been proposed. When ISI's are dominated by post­spike recovery, 1= p N arguments hold

Columbia University

371

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long- term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir Inflows on Wind Power in the Pacific through diversification. In hydroelectric dominated systems, like the PNW, the benefits of wind power can

Kohfeld, Karen

372

Effect of Plating Variables on Whisker Formation in Pure Tin Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Plating Variables on Whisker Formation in Pure Tin Films Stephanie Miller Advisors & Materials Engineering, Washington State University Introduction Tin whiskers are single-crystal filaments the effect of plating variables on whisker growth in tin-plated copper samples, with the goal of finding

Collins, Gary S.

373

UN MODLE VARIABLES LATENTES POUR LE TRAITEMENT DE DONNES HYBRIDES ISSUES DE COMPARAISONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integrating both a hierarchical regression model of biases and a structural equation model of the answers : hierarchical model, latent variables, structural equations, shared variables, experts knowledge, uncertainty 1 sont précisément définis dans un guide international, le VIM (2007). Des normes proposent des méthodes

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

374

Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean), Late Quaternary variability of sedimentary nitrogen isotopes in the eastern South Pacific Ocean) in the water columns of the Arabian Sea (AS) and the eastern North and South Pacific oceans (ENP; ESP) holds

Demouchy, Sylvie

375

Examining Uncertainty in Demand Response Baseline Models and Variability in Automated Response to Dynamic Pricing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Controlling electric loads to deliver power system services presents a number of interesting challenges. For example, changes in electricity consumption of Commercial and Industrial (C&I) facilities are usually estimated using counterfactual baseline models, and model uncertainty makes it difficult to precisely quantify control responsiveness. Moreover, C&I facilities exhibit variability in their response. This paper seeks to understand baseline model error and demand-side variability in responses to open-loop control signals (i.e. dynamic prices). Using a regression-based baseline model, we define several Demand Response (DR) parameters, which characterize changes in electricity use on DR days, and then present a method for computing the error associated with DR parameter estimates. In addition to analyzing the magnitude of DR parameter error, we develop a metric to determine how much observed DR parameter variability is attributable to real event-to-event variability versus simply baseline model error. Using data from 38 C&I facilities that participated in an automated DR program in California, we find that DR parameter errors are large. For most facilities, observed DR parameter variability is likely explained by baseline model error, not real DR parameter variability; however, a number of facilities exhibit real DR parameter variability. In some cases, the aggregate population of C&I facilities exhibits real DR parameter variability, resulting in implications for the system operator with respect to both resource planning and system stability.

Mathieu, Johanna L.; Callaway, Duncan S.; Kiliccote, Sila

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Variability in Automated Responses of Commercial Buildings and Industrial Facilities to Dynamic Electricity Prices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changes in the electricity consumption of commercial buildings and industrial facilities (C&I facilities) during Demand Response (DR) events are usually estimated using counterfactual baseline models. Model error makes it difficult to precisely quantify these changes in consumption and understand if C&I facilities exhibit event-to-event variability in their response to DR signals. This paper seeks to understand baseline model error and DR variability in C&I facilities facing dynamic electricity prices. Using a regression-based baseline model, we present a method to compute the error associated with estimates of several DR parameters. We also develop a metric to determine how much observed DR variability results from baseline model error rather than real variability in response. We analyze 38 C&I facilities participating in an automated DR program and find that DR parameter errors are large. Though some facilities exhibit real DR variability, most observed variability results from baseline model error. Therefore, facilities with variable DR parameters may actually respond consistently from event to event. Consequently, in DR programs in which repeatability is valued, individual buildings may be performing better than previously thought. In some cases, however, aggregations of C&I facilities exhibit real DR variability, which could create challenges for power system operation.

Mathieu, Johanna L.; Callaway, Duncan S.; Kiliccote, Sila

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

377

A Method to Study the Effect of Renewable Resource Variability on Power System Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Method to Study the Effect of Renewable Resource Variability on Power System Dynamics Yu reliance on renewable resources, such as wind or solar. It is well known that the integration proposes a set-theoretic method to assess the effect of variability associated with renewable-based elec

Liberzon, Daniel

378

Climate Variability and Climate Change: The New Climate Dice 10 November 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Climate Variability and Climate Change: The New Climate Dice 10 November 2011 J. Hansen, M. Sato, coincident with increased global warming. The most dramatic and important change of the climate dice change is the natural variability of climate. How can a person discern long-term climate change, given

Hansen, James E.

379

Wind Power Variability, Its Cost, and Effect on Power Plant Emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Power Variability, Its Cost, and Effect on Power Plant Emissions A Dissertation Submitted The recent growth in wind power is transforming the operation of electricity systems by introducing. As a result, system operators are learning in real-time how to incorporate wind power and its variability

380

VARIABILITY OF NEARSURFACE ZOOPLANKTON OFF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AS SHOWN BY TOWED-PUMP SAMPLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VARIABILITY OF NEAR·SURFACE ZOOPLANKTON OFF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AS SHOWN BY TOWED-PUMP SAMPLING Cl of 1962. Samples were collected with a towed pump at a depth of 5 m. Allproximately 162 samples, each repl pump surveys re- llorted here were undertaken to obtain informa- tion on variability and trends

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Control strategy of a variable speed wind turbine with multipole permanent magnet synchronous generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

values. Keywords: permanent magnet synchronous generator, variable speed wind turbine, direct driven wind). A multipole synchronous generator connected to a power converter can operate at low speeds, so that a gear canControl strategy of a variable speed wind turbine with multipole permanent magnet synchronous

382

Kinematic Reduction and Planning using Symmetry for a Variable Inertia Mechanical System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reduction [11][7] using the system's symmetry for a simple mechanical system called the Yaw model (see FigKinematic Reduction and Planning using Symmetry for a Variable Inertia Mechanical System Ravi present controllability results and kinematic reduction for a variable inertia mechanical system. We show

383

Bayesian latent variable modelling in studies of air pollution and health  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bayesian latent variable modelling in studies of air pollution and health Duncan Lee, Gavin://www.bath.ac.uk/math-sci/BICS #12;Bayesian latent variable modelling in studies of air pollution and health. Duncan Lee (1), Gavin to the approach adopted for modelling the trend and correlation. KEYWORDS: Air pollution and health; Bayesian

Burton, Geoffrey R.

384

Selection of Controlled Variables for a Natural Gas to Liquids Process Mehdi Panahi and Sigurd Skogestad*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Selection of Controlled Variables for a Natural Gas to Liquids Process Mehdi Panahi and Sigurd variables (CVs) for a natural gas to hydrocarbon liquids (GTL) process based on the idea of self of operation are studied. In mode I, where the natural gas flow rate is given, there are three unconstrained

Skogestad, Sigurd

385

Coupled variability and air-sea interaction in the South Atlantic Andreas Sterl, Wilco Hazeleger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Tanimoto (1998) describe a pan-Atlantic SST pattern reaching from South Africa to Greenland. Most studiesCoupled variability and air-sea interaction in the South Atlantic Ocean Andreas Sterl, Wilco mechanisms involved in forcing and damping of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) variability in the South Atlantic

Haak, Hein

386

Thermodynamics of the Universe Filled with Perfect Fluid Having Variable Equation of State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the thermodynamics of the universe containing perfect fluid with equation of state $p=\\omega\\rho,\\omega$ is variable. Here we choose $\\omega$ to be a function of the red shift variable $z$ and four different choices of $\\omega$ has been investigated. Also the laws of thermodynamics are examined considering the universe bounded by the horizon (apparent) as a thermodynamical system.

Nairwita Mazumder; Subenoy Chakraborty

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

387

Environmental Health Perspectives volume 121 | number 1 | January 2013 23 Human variability underlies differences in the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variability underlies differences in the degrees and ways in which people respond to environmental chemicals those related to chemical exposures, that may con tribute to disease is directly relevant to both assess interindividual variability in responses to environmental chemicals across different decision

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

Analysis of Heart Rate Variability Using Time-Varying Filtering of Heart Transplanted Patients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Heart Rate Variability Using Time-Varying Filtering of Heart Transplanted Patients the heart rate variability (HRV), obtained by using the time-varying integral pulse frequency modulation (TVIPFM) which is well adapted to the exercise stress testing. We consider that the mean heart period

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

Heart rate variability in preterm neonates with and without abnormal cardiorespiratory events.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heart rate variability in preterm neonates with and without abnormal cardiorespiratory events The heart rate variability (HRV) of preterm neonates undergoing a polysomnography is ana- lyzed in relation experience abnormal cardiorespiratory events, based only on the heart rate recordings during periods without

390

String method in collective variables: Minimum free energy paths and isocommittor surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

York University, New York, New York 10012 Giovanni Ciccottid INFM and Dipartimento di Fisica in the free energy. Provided that the number of collective variables is large enough, the new techniqueString method in collective variables: Minimum free energy paths and isocommittor surfaces Luca

Van Den Eijnden, Eric

391

Variability of mesospheric diurnal tides and tropospheric diurnal heating during 19971998  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variability of mesospheric diurnal tides and tropospheric diurnal heating during 1997­1998 R. S ``spike'' in amplitude from late 1997 to early 1998. It has been speculated that this variability may 1997­1998. The altered heating patterns result in a stronger forcing of the migrating diurnal tide

Nesbitt, Steve

392

INVESTIGATION OF SEASONAL SEA-ICE THICKNESS VARIABILITY IN THE ROSS SEA Beth A. Schellenberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

routinely produced weekly ice charts since the 1970's. From the period of 1995 to 2000, classificationINVESTIGATION OF SEASONAL SEA-ICE THICKNESS VARIABILITY IN THE ROSS SEA Beth A. Schellenberg P1.23 1. INTRODUCTION A number of studies suggest a connections between sea-ice variability

Geiger, Cathleen

393

Optimisation de l'alimentation des machines rluctance variable polyphases avec inductances mutuelles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the electric connections, the excitation and the machine parameters on the size-power ratio and the torque dans les systèmes à vitesse variable. Pour améliorer les performances de la machine et diminuer le161 Optimisation de l'alimentation des machines à réluctance variable polyphasées avec inductances

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

394

Submitted to Journal of Physical Oceanography Sea Surface Temperature Variability Along the Path of the Antarctic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

level pressure and air-sea heat fluxes. It is found that a significant fraction of SST variability) and remote forcing by ENSO. The physical mechanisms rely on the interplay between atmospheric variability the South Pa- cific, inducing surface heat fluxes (Fs) and Ekman heat advection (Fek) anomalies. A simple

Czaja, Arnaud

395

Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems B. Beltran, T. Ahmed power generation in variable speed wind energy conversion systems (VS-WECS). These systems have two (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) wind turbine simulator FAST (Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures

Boyer, Edmond

396

Energy Efficient Control of a Boosting System with Multiple Variable-Speed Pumps in Parallel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with multiple variable-speed pumps in parallel is to minimize the pump system energy consumption by controlEnergy Efficient Control of a Boosting System with Multiple Variable-Speed Pumps in Parallel Zhenyu. The experimental results show a huge potential to improve the energy efficiency of multi-pump systems using

Yang, Zhenyu

397

Florida Current transport variability: An analysis of annual and longer-period signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

n f o Article history: Received 23 June 2009 Received in revised form 9 December 2009 Accepted 7 scale variability given the strong higher frequency energy present. The annual cycle represents less variability. Comparison of the Florida Current, NAO and wind stress curl records shows that a recently

398

Comparison of Numerical Techniques Used for Simulating Variable-Density Flow and Transport Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Numerical Techniques Used for Simulating Variable-Density Flow and Transport code by simulating two new variable-density-flow and transport experimental data sets. The experiments transport of a sinking groundwater plume and a rising groundwater plume. The numerical techniques used

Clement, Prabhakar

399

INFRARED LIGHT CURVES OF MIRA VARIABLE STARS FROM COBE DIRBE DATA Beverly J. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFRARED LIGHT CURVES OF MIRA VARIABLE STARS FROM COBE DIRBE DATA Beverly J. Smith Department have used the COBE DIRBE database to derive near- and mid-infrared light curves for a well-defined sample of 38 infrared-bright Mira variable stars and compared with optical data from the AAVSO

Luttermoser, Donald G.

400

Tropical Cyclone and Monsoon-Induced Rainfall Variability in Taiwan JAU-MING CHEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical Cyclone and Monsoon-Induced Rainfall Variability in Taiwan JAU-MING CHEN Institute March 2010) ABSTRACT This study investigates the interannual variability of tropical cyclone (TC the relative effects of TCs and monsoons, local rainfall in Taiwan is separated into two subcomponents: TC

Li, Tim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Quantification of Variability and Uncertainty in Hourly NOx Emissions from Coal-Fired Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to quantify variability and uncertainty for NOx emissions from coal-fired power plants. Data for hourly NOx emissions, heat rate, gross load and capacity factor of 32 units from 9 different power plants were analyzed Uncertainty, Variability, Emission Factors, Coal-Fired Power Plants, NOx emissions, Regression Models

Frey, H. Christopher

402

Markov Chain Models for GP and Variable-length GAs with Homologous Crossover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Markov Chain Models for GP and Variable-length GAs with Homologous Crossover Riccardo Poli School mcphee@mrs.umn.edu Abstract In this paper we present a Markov chain model for GP and variable-length GAs of the genetic material taken from the parents. We obtain this result by using the core of Vose's model for GAs

Poli, Riccardo

403

Nest shapes in paper wasps: can the variability of forms be deduced from the same  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nest shapes in paper wasps: can the variability of forms be deduced from the same construction 3, H-4010 Debrecen, Hungary We constructed a simple model to show that the variability of nest parameter. The interplay between the simple algorithm and the geometry of the nest structure resulted

Karsai, Istvan

404

Increased network efficiency for variable rate video streams in an Integrated Services Packet Network environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a way to reserve a fixed quantity of network resources for their exclusive use. Most video encoders, however, are variable rate. This research describes a mechanism by which variable bit-rate, real-time video streams can be sent over a fixed rate...

Schroeder, Charles Grant

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

ESTIMATION OF EXHAUST MANIFOLD PRESSURE IN TURBOCHARGED GASOLINE ENGINES WITH VARIABLE VALVE TIMING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATION OF EXHAUST MANIFOLD PRESSURE IN TURBOCHARGED GASOLINE ENGINES WITH VARIABLE VALVE TIMING in turbocharged gasoline engines with variable valve timing requires knowledge of exhaust mani- fold pressure, Pe control systems for gasoline engines rely heavily on feedforward air-fuel ratio (A/F) control to meet

Grizzle, Jessy W.

406

VARIABILITY OF SOLAR RADIATION DATA OVER SHORT TIME INTERVALS Frank Vignola  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VARIABILITY OF SOLAR RADIATION DATA OVER SHORT TIME INTERVALS Frank Vignola Department of Physics ra- diation. This article examines at the variability of beam and global solar radiation over short solar radiation values with ground-based data. 1. INTRODUCTION It is difficult to evaluate solar

Oregon, University of

407

X-RAYRICH GAMMA-RAY BURSTS, PHOTOSPHERES, AND VARIABILITY P. Meszaros,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-RAY­RICH GAMMA-RAY BURSTS, PHOTOSPHERES, AND VARIABILITY P. Me´sza´ros,1,2 E. Ramirez-Ruiz,3 M. J of the observational gamma-ray variability-luminosity relation. Subject headings: gamma rays: bursts -- radiation mechanisms: nonthermal 1. INTRODUCTION Gamma-ray burst (GRB) light curves at gamma-ray ener- gies are often

Zhang, Bing

408

Evaluating variable switching and flash methods in modeling carbon sequestration in deep geologic formations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating variable switching and flash methods in modeling carbon sequestration in deep geologic performance computing to assess the risks involved in carbon sequestration in deep geologic formations-thermal- chemical processes in variably saturated, non-isothermal porous media is applied to sequestration

Mills, Richard

409

Mineralogical and chemical variability of fluvial sediments 1. Bedload sand (GangaBrahmaputra, Bangladesh)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mineralogical and chemical variability of fluvial sediments 1. Bedload sand (Ganga textural, petrographical, mineralogical and chemical data, and in the quantitative description and modeling of relationships among mineralogical and chemical variables for each sample and each grain-size class in each

Najman, Yani

410

Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa Sebastiaan Swart,1) of the ACC south of Africa. Surface dynamic height is derived from XBT data by establishing an empirical and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current south of Africa, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C09014, doi:10

411

Role of Climate Variability in Modulating the Surface Water and Groundwater Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from the ECHAM4.5 general circulation model indicate that it is possible to quantify groundwater variability; Groundwater-surface water interaction; Hydroclimatology; Forecasting. Introduction ClimateRole of Climate Variability in Modulating the Surface Water and Groundwater Interaction over

Arumugam, Sankar

412

Influence of Modes of Climate Variability on Global Temperature Extremes JESSE KENYON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of Modes of Climate Variability on Global Temperature Extremes JESSE KENYON Nicholas variability on worldwide summer and winter temperature extremes has been analyzed, namely, that of the El Niño for temperature extremes from world- wide land areas are used describe moderate extremes, such as the number

413

Method and system to estimate variables in an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

System and method to estimate variables in an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant are provided. The system includes a sensor suite to measure respective plant input and output variables. An extended Kalman filter (EKF) receives sensed plant input variables and includes a dynamic model to generate a plurality of plant state estimates and a covariance matrix for the state estimates. A preemptive-constraining processor is configured to preemptively constrain the state estimates and covariance matrix to be free of constraint violations. A measurement-correction processor may be configured to correct constrained state estimates and a constrained covariance matrix based on processing of sensed plant output variables. The measurement-correction processor is coupled to update the dynamic model with corrected state estimates and a corrected covariance matrix. The updated dynamic model may be configured to estimate values for at least one plant variable not originally sensed by the sensor suite.

Kumar, Aditya; Shi, Ruijie; Dokucu, Mustafa

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

414

BONA FIDE, STRONG-VARIABLE GALACTIC LUMINOUS BLUE VARIABLE STARS ARE FAST ROTATORS: DETECTION OF A HIGH ROTATIONAL VELOCITY IN HR CARINAE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report optical observations of the luminous blue variable (LBV) HR Carinae which show that the star has reached a visual minimum phase in 2009. More importantly, we detected absorptions due to Si IV lambdalambda4088-4116. To match their observed line profiles from 2009 May, a high rotational velocity of v{sub rot} approx = 150 +- 20 km s{sup -1} is needed (assuming an inclination angle of 30 deg.), implying that HR Car rotates at approx =0.88 +- 0.2 of its critical velocity for breakup (v{sub crit}). Our results suggest that fast rotation is typical in all strong-variable, bona fide galactic LBVs, which present S-Dor-type variability. Strong-variable LBVs are located in a well-defined region of the HR diagram during visual minimum (the 'LBV minimum instability strip'). We suggest this region corresponds to where v{sub crit} is reached. To the left of this strip, a forbidden zone with v{sub rot}/v{sub crit}>1 is present, explaining why no LBVs are detected in this zone. Since dormant/ex LBVs like P Cygni and HD 168625 have low v{sub rot}, we propose that LBVs can be separated into two groups: fast-rotating, strong-variable stars showing S-Dor cycles (such as AG Car and HR Car) and slow-rotating stars with much less variability (such as P Cygni and HD 168625). We speculate that supernova (SN) progenitors which had S-Dor cycles before exploding (such as in SN 2001ig, SN 2003bg, and SN 2005gj) could have been fast rotators. We suggest that the potential difficulty of fast-rotating Galactic LBVs to lose angular momentum is additional evidence that such stars could explode during the LBV phase.

Groh, J. H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Damineli, A.; Moises, A. P.; Teodoro, M. [Instituto de Astronomia, Geofisica e Ciencias Atmosfericas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao 1226, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-090, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Hillier, D. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Barba, R. [Departamento de fisica, Universidad de La Serena, Benavente 980, La Serena (Chile); Fernandez-Lajus, E.; Gamen, R. C.; Solivella, G., E-mail: jgroh@mpifr-bonn.mpg.d [Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, and Instituto de Astrofisica de La Plata (CCT La Plata-CONICET), Paseo del Bosque S/N, B1900FWA, La Plata (Argentina)

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

An examination of loads and responses of a wind turbine undergoing variable-speed operation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has recently developed the ability to predict turbine loads and responses for machines undergoing variable-speed operation. The wind industry has debated the potential benefits of operating wind turbine sat variable speeds for some time. Turbine system dynamic responses (structural response, resonance, and component interactions) are an important consideration for variable-speed operation of wind turbines. The authors have implemented simple, variable-speed control algorithms for both the FAST and ADAMS dynamics codes. The control algorithm is a simple one, allowing the turbine to track the optimum power coefficient (C{sub p}). The objective of this paper is to show turbine loads and responses for a particular two-bladed, teetering-hub, downwind turbine undergoing variable-speed operation. The authors examined the response of the machine to various turbulent wind inflow conditions. In addition, they compare the structural responses under fixed-speed and variable-speed operation. For this paper, they restrict their comparisons to those wind-speed ranges for which limiting power by some additional control strategy (blade pitch or aileron control, for example) is not necessary. The objective here is to develop a basic understanding of the differences in loads and responses between the fixed-speed and variable-speed operation of this wind turbine configuration.

Wright, A.D.; Buhl, M.L. Jr.; Bir, G.S.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

NEAR-INFRARED VARIABILITY AMONG YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS IN THE STAR FORMATION REGION CYGNUS OB7  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an analysis of near-infrared time-series photometry in J, H, and K bands for about 100 epochs of a 1 Degree-Sign Multiplication-Sign 1 Degree-Sign region of the Lynds 1003/1004 dark cloud in the Cygnus OB7 region. Augmented by data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, we identify 96 candidate disk bearing young stellar objects (YSOs) in the region. Of these, 30 are clearly Class I or earlier. Using the Wide-Field Imaging Camera on the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope, we were able to obtain photometry over three observing seasons, with photometric uncertainty better than 0.05 mag down to J Almost-Equal-To 17. We study detailed light curves and color trajectories of {approx}50 of the YSOs in the monitored field. We investigate the variability and periodicity of the YSOs and find the data are consistent with all YSOs being variable in these wavelengths on timescales of a few years. We divide the variability into four observational classes: (1) stars with periodic variability stable over long timescales, (2) variables which exhibit short-lived cyclic behavior, (3) long-duration variables, and (4) stochastic variables. Some YSO variability defies simple classification. We can explain much of the observed variability as being due to dynamic and rotational changes in the disk, including an asymmetric or changing blocking fraction, changes to the inner disk hole size, as well as changes to the accretion rate. Overall, we find that the Class I:Class II ratio of the cluster is consistent with an age of <1 Myr, with at least one individual, wildly varying source {approx}100, 000 yr old. We have also discovered a Class II eclipsing binary system with a period of 17.87 days.

Wolk, Scott J.; Rice, Thomas S. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Aspin, Colin [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 640 North Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

417

Evidence for Two Distinct Morphological Classes of Gamma-Ray Bursts from their Short Timescale Variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have analyzed the 241 bursts for which peak counts $\\C$ exist in the publicly available Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) catalog. Introducing peak counts in 1024 ms as a measure of burst brightness $\\B$ and the ratio of peak counts in 64 and 1024 ms as a measure of short timescale variability $\\V$, we find a statistically significant correlation between the brightness and the short timescale variability of \\g-ray bursts. The bursts which are smoother on short timescales are both faint and bright, while the bursts which are variable on short timescales are faint only, suggesting the existence of two distinct morphological classes of bursts.

D. Q. Lamb; C. Graziani; I. A. Smith

1993-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Southwest Power Pool Time of Use Pricing Variable Generationresultant costs. Time of use pricing (TOU) rates provide8). For example, time of use (TOU) pricing sends a DR signal

Cappers, Peter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Heart rate variability and respiratory sinus arrhythmia assessment of affective states by bivariate autoregressive spectral analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The study of emotions elicited by human-computer interactions is a promising field that could lead to the identification of specific patterns of affective states. We present a heart rate variability (HRV) assessment of the ...

Magagnin, Valentina

420

Performance Optimization of an Irreversible Heat Pump with Variable-temperature Heat Reservoirs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An irreversible cycle model of a heat pump operating between two variable-temperature heat reservoirs is established and used to analyze the performance of the heat pump affected by heat resistances, heat leakage and internal dissipation...

Huang, Y.; Sun, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Integrating Variable Renewable Energy in Electric Power Markets: Best Practices from International Experience (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many countries--reflecting very different geographies, markets, and power systems--are successfully managing high levels of variable renewable energy (RE) on the grid. Australia (South Australia), Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United States (Colorado and Texas), for example, have effectively integrated variable RE utilizing diverse approaches. Analysis of the results from these case studies reveals a wide range of mechanisms that can be used to accommodate high penetrations of variable RE (e.g., from new market designs to centralized planning). Nevertheless, the myriad approaches collectively suggest that governments can best enable variable RE grid integration by implementing best practices in five areas of intervention: lead public engagement, particularly for new transmission; coordinate and integrate planning; develop rules for market evolution that enable system flexibility; expand access to diverse resources and geographic footprint of operations; and improve system operations.

Not Available

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A Simple and Quick Chilled Water Loop Balancing for Variable Flow System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For many modem buildings, the chilled water loops and risers are equipped with variable speed pumping systems. How to quickly balance the loop or riser to satisfy the cooling requirement and reduce energy consumption is a very interesting topic...

Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Strategies for Mitigating the Reduction in Economic Value of Variable Generation with Increasing Penetration Levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in integrating large levels of wind power generation. Theeconomics of large-scale wind power in a carbon constrainedThe effect of so- lar wind power variability on their

Mills, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Hybrid High-Order Methods for Variable-Diffusion Problems on General Daniele A. Di Pietroa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

], the Virtual Element Method [5], the Mixed High-Order method [6], and the Hybrid High- Order (HHO) methods [7 work is to extend the HHO method of [7] to the variable-diffusion problem (1). The key idea

Boyer, Edmond

425

Interaction between the molecular coherent states for a discrete variable harmonic oscillator and the coherent radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used the dicrete variable three-dimmensional Charlier oscillator. For a system of molecules interacting with the coherent radiation field the temporal variation of the refractive index has been established.

Draganescu, Gheorghe Eugen [Department of Mechanics, Polytechnic University of Timisoara, Bd M Viteazu No1, Timisoara and Department of Physics, West University of Timisoara (Romania)

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

Strategies for Mitigating the Reduction in Economic Value of Variable Generation with Increasing Penetration Levels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, we evaluate individual options that have the potential to stem the decline in the marginal value of variable generation (VG) with increasing penetration levels. We focus only on the effectiveness of mitigation measures for wind and PV.

Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

427

Probabilistic turbine blade thermal analysis of manufacturing variability and toleranced designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Manufacturing variability is likely the primary cause of a large scatter in the life of gas turbine hot-section components. This research deals with schemes to improve robustness through tolerancing input parameters in ...

Moeckel, Curtis William

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Deconvolution of variable rate reservoir performance data using B-splines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of permanent downhole gauges and large-scale processing/analysis of production data. Under these circumstances, our objective is to create a robust and practical tool which can tolerate reasonable variability and relatively large errors in rate and pressure...

Ilk, Dilhan

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

429

X-ray and optical variability of Seyfert 1 galaxies as observed with XMM-Newton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have examined simultaneous X-ray and optical light curves of a sample of eight nearby Seyfert 1 galaxies observed using the EPIC X-ray cameras and Optical Monitor on board XMM. The observations span ~1 day and revealed optical variability in four of the eight objects studied. In all cases, the X-ray variability amplitude exceeded that of the optical both in fractional and absolute luminosity terms. No clearly significant correlations were detected between wavebands using cross correlation analysis. We conclude that, in three of the four objects in which optical variability was detected, reprocessing mechanisms between wavebands do not dominate either the optical or X-ray variability on the time-scales probed.

R. Smith; S. Vaughan

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

430

Reductions in ozone concentrations due to controls on variability in industrial flare emissions in Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High concentrations of ozone in the Houston/Galveston area are associated with industrial plumes of highly reactive hydrocarbons, mixed with NOx. The emissions leading to these plumes can have significant temporal variability, ...

Nam, Junsang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Entanglement criteria and nonlocality for multimode continuous-variable systems RID B-8901-2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate how to efficiently derive a broad class of inequalities for entanglement detection in multimode continuous variable systems. The separability conditions are established from partial transposition (PT) in combination with several...

Sun, Qingqing; Nha, Hyunchul; Zubairy, M. Suhail

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

E-Print Network 3.0 - anthropometrical variables somatotype Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

patients (42%) had BAT... or absence of BAT was used as the out- come variable, and age, sex, BMI, season (defined as spring, summer Source: Southern California, University of -...

433

Closed-loop, variable-valve-timing control of a controlled-auto-ignition engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this study was to develop a closed-loop controller for use on a Controlled-Auto- Ignition (CAI) / Spark-Ignition (SI) mixed mode engine equipped with a variable-valve-timing (VVT) mechanism. The controller ...

Matthews, Jeffrey A., 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

On the impact of variability and assembly on turbine blade cooling flow and oxidation life  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The life of a turbine blade is dependent on the quantity and temperature of the cooling flow sup- plied to the blade. The focus of this thesis is the impact of variability on blade cooling flow and, subsequently, its impact ...

Sidwell, Carroll Vincent, 1972-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Bounded-Variable Fragments of Hybrid Logics Thomas Schwentick and Volker Weber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounded-Variable Fragments of Hybrid Logics Thomas Schwentick and Volker Weber Fachbereich Informatik, Universit¨at Dortmund, Germany {thomas.schwentick,volker.weber}@udo.edu Abstract. Hybrid logics

Schwentick, Thomas

436

Analysis and characterization of ancillary service demand response strategies for variable air volume HVAC systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Output variability and prediction difficulties with respect to solar and wind electricity resources increase the requirement of grid-scale reserve capacity and add strain to existing firm generators used for reserves and ...

Blum, David H. (David Henry)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

A Wavelet-Based Variability Model (WVM) for Solar PV Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Term Variability of Solar Power," LBNL Report No. 3884E,High penetration of solar power is highly desirable from ansimilarity to the shape of solar power fluctuations [11].

Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan; Stein, Joshua S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Variable Speed Drive (VSD) Applications in Dual-Duct Constant Volume Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models have been developed for static pressure and potential supply fan energy savings by using variable speed drive (VSD) in dual-duct constant volume systems. Experiments have been performed using a full size dual-duct constant volume system...

Joo, I.; Liu, M.; Conger, K.; Wang, G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Late Holocene hurricane activity and climate variability in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hurricane activity in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico and its relationship to regional and large-scale climate variability during the Late Holocene is explored. A 4500-year record of hurricane-induced storm surges is ...

Lane, Daniel Philip

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

May 2013 PSERC Webinar: Managing Wind Variability with Self-Reserves...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Center (PSERC) is offering a free public webinar on managing wind variability in energy production. The webinar will be held Tuesday, May 7, 2013 from 2-3 p.m. No pre-registration...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

E-Print Network 3.0 - anatomic shape variability Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biology and Medicine 2 Representation and visualization of variability in a 3D anatomical atlas using the kidney as an example Summary: individual, and therefore do not regard the...

442

Discriminating noise from chaos in heart rate variability : application to prognosis in heart failure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines two challenging problems in chaos analysis: distinguishing deterministic chaos and stochastic (noise-induced) chaos, and applying chaotic heart rate variability (HRV) analysis to the prognosis of ...

Arzeno, Natalia M. (Natalia Mara Arzeno Soltero)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Design of semi-active variable impedance materials using field-responsive fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I explored the design of a thin variable impedance material using electrorheological (ER) fluid that is intended to be worn by humans. To determine the critical design parameters of this material, the shear ...

Eastman, Douglas Elmer

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market: An African Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ unbridled population growth, oil price fluctuations, importation policies, water availability and political market, hunger, undernourishment in Africa, food productivity, population growth, oil price, importation1 Causes, Magnitude and Consequences of Price Variability in Agricultural Commodity Market

445

ENSO-Like and ENSO-Induced Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability in CGCMs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the prediction of El Nino. J. Climate, 2, 13811387. Zhang,terdecadal variability: 190093. J. Climate, 10, 10041020.and prediction. J. Climate, 11, 28042822. Knutson, T. R. ,

Choi, Jung; An, Soon-Il; Yeh, Sang-Wook; Yu, Jin-Yi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

A Search for Fast X-ray Variability from Active Galactic Nuclei using Swift  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blazars are a class of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) known for their very rapid variabilty in the high energy regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Despite this known fast variability, X-ray observations have generally not revealed variability in blazars with rate doubling or halving timescales less than approximately 15 min. Since its launch, the Swift X-ray Telescope has obtained 0.2-10 keV X-ray data on 143 AGNs, including blazars, through intense target of opportunity observations that can be analyzed in a multiwavelength context and used to model jet parameters, particularly during flare states. We have analyzed this broad Swift data set in a search for short timescale variability in blazars that could limit the size of the emission region in the blazar jet. While we do find several low-significance possible flares with potential indications of rapid variability, we find no strong evidence for rapid ($energy band for the AGNs analy...

Pryal, Matthew; Stroh, Michael

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Author's personal copy Thorium-234 as a tracer of spatial, temporal and vertical variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Thorium-234 as a tracer of spatial, temporal and vertical variability 2009 Accepted 6 April 2009 Available online 16 April 2009 Keywords: Thorium-234 Particle flux Sediment

Buesseler, Ken

448

Robust atlas-based segmentation of highly variable anatomy: left atrium segmentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic segmentation of the hearts left atrium offers great benefits for planning and outcome evaluation of atrial ablation procedures. However, the high anatomical variability of the left atrium presents significant ...

Depa, Michal

449

The Covert World of Fish Biofluorescence: A Phylogenetically Widespread and Phenotypically Variable Phenomenon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fluorescent proteins. Fish biofluorescence is especially common and morphologically variable in cryptically patterned coral-reef lineages. We identified 16 orders, 50 families, 105 genera, and more than 180 species of biofluorescent fishes. We have also...

Sparks, John S.; Schelly, Robert C.; Smith, William Leo; Davis, Matthew P.; Tchernov, Dan; Pieribone, Vincent A.; Gruber, David F.

2014-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

450

Generalized boundary conditions for general relativity for the asymptotically flat case in terms of Ashtekar's variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the game when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.

T. Thiemann

1993-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

451

Generalized boundary conditions for general relativity for the asymptotically flat case in terms of Ashtekar's variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is a gap that has been left open since the formulation of general relativity in terms of Ashtekar's new variables namely the treatment of asymptotically flat field configurations that are general enough to be able to define the generators of the Lorentz subgroup of the asymptotical Poincar\\'e group. While such a formulation already exists for the old geometrodynamical variables, up to now only the generators of the translation subgroup could be defined because the function spaces of the fields considered earlier are taken too special. The transcription of the framework from the ADM variables to Ashtekar's variables turns out not to be straightforward due to the a priori freedom to choose the internal SO(3) frame at spatial infinity and due to the fact that the non-trivial reality conditions of the Ashtekar framework reenter the stage when imposing suitable boundary conditions on the fields and the Lagrange multipliers.

T. Thiemann

1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

452

Short-term irradiance variability: Preliminary estimation of station pair correlation as a function of distance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Short-term irradiance variability: Preliminary estimation of station pair correlation, 2010; SMUD, 2010; IEA, 2010). In a recently published article, Hoff and Perez (2010a,b) advanced

453

PARALLEL VARIABLE DISTRIBUTION FOR TOTAL LEAST HONGBIN GUO AND ROSEMARY A. RENAUT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PARALLEL VARIABLE DISTRIBUTION FOR TOTAL LEAST SQUARES HONGBIN GUO AND ROSEMARY A. RENAUT Abstract Department of Health Services. Email:hb guo@asu.edu. Email:renaut@asu.edu. 1 #12; 2 HONGBIN GUO AND ROSEMARY

454

PARALLEL VARIABLE DISTRIBUTION FOR TOTAL LEAST HONGBIN GUO AND ROSEMARY A. RENAUT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PARALLEL VARIABLE DISTRIBUTION FOR TOTAL LEAST SQUARES HONGBIN GUO AND ROSEMARY A. RENAUT Abstract CMG-02223. Email:hb guo@asu.edu. Email:renaut@asu.edu. 1 #12;2 HONGBIN GUO AND ROSEMARY A. RENAUT

Renaut, Rosemary

455

Decadal Climate Variability: Economic Implications in Agriculture and Water in the Missouri River Basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic research on climate and productivity effects of ocean phenomena has mostly focused on interannual cases such as the El Nio Southern Oscillation. Here Decadal climate variability (DCV) refers to ocean related climate influences of duration...

Fernandez Cadena, Mario

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

456

Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010. Quantifying PV power output variability. Solar EnergyOutput power correlation between adjacent wind power plants. Journal of Solarpower system demonstrate that scaling the output from an individual solar

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Analyzing and simulating the variability of solar irradiance and solar PV powerplants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dampen fluctuations in solar power output of the average ofa panels solar conversion efficiency, power output can beQuantifying PV power Output Variability, Solar Energy, 84 (

Lave, Matthew S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Development of an infrared absorption spectroscope based on linear variable filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and used as independent variables. We characterize the system on a number of performance metrics, uncovering its detection limits and resolving power. We present calibration methods to estimate the concentration of analytes in a matrix of absorbing species...

Nogueira, Felipe Guimaraes

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Cognitive analysis of students' errors and misconceptions in variables, equations, and functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such issues, three basic algebra concepts - variable, equation, and function are used to analyze students errors, possible buggy algorithms, and the conceptual basis of these errors: misconceptions. Through the research on these three basic concepts...

Li, Xiaobao

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Variable Charge Motion for 2007-2010 Heavy Duty Diesel Engines  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ID-NR.12345-1 Variable Charge Motion for 2007-2010 Heavy Duty Diesel Engines Deer Conference 2003 Presented by Josef Maier AVL Powertrain Engineering ID-NR.12345-2 Overview of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The Association of Large-Scale Climate Variability and Teleconnections on Wind Energy Resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Association of Large-Scale Climate Variability and Teleconnections on Wind Energy Resource over on Wind Energy Resource over Europe and its Intermittency Pascal Kriesche* and Adam Schlosser* Abstract

462

Biodiversity Conservation in Contemporary Landscapes, Stressors, and Ranges of Variability: Scientific and Social Views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biodiversity Conservation in Contemporary Landscapes, Stressors, and Ranges of Variability the risks to conservation of indigenous biodiversity, and portray the difference between scientific structure and function that must be considered when assessing biodiversity conservation: 1) climate change

Schweik, Charles M.

463

The Use of Variable Speed Drives to Retrofit Hydraulic Injection Molding Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Institute, Palo Alto, California. 8.) Remley, Carl H. (1993) "Measured performance of variable speed drives on injection molding hydraulic pumps." Energy Management Consulting and Equipment, Inc., North Attleboro, Massachusetts'. 9.) Rosato...

Ambs, L.; Frerker, M. M.

464

Direct comparison of Neural Network, Fuzzy Logic and Model Prediction Variable Structure vortex flow controllers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predictive Variable Structure and Fuzzy Logic based controllers for the same benchmark problem. Evaluation criteria consist of closed-loop system performance, activity level of the VFC nozzles, ease of controller synthesis, time required to synthesize...

Joshi, Praveen Sudhakar

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

465

Implications of Wide-Area Geographic Diversity for Short- Term Variability of Solar Power  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

term Variability of PV Plants 3 Methodology 3.1 Estimationis rapidly increasing. PV plants as large as 60 MW arein Europe, while 500 MW PV plants are in various stages of

Mills, Andrew

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Variability and change in the Canadian cryosphere C. Derksen & S. L. Smith & M. Sharp & L. Brown &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variability and change in the Canadian cryosphere C. Derksen & S. L. Smith & M. Sharp & L. Brown-mail: Chris.Derksen@ec.gc.ca S. L. Smith :J. Bourgeois Geological Survey of Canada, Natural Resources Canada

467

Analysis and Simulation of Mechanical Trains Driven by Variable Frequency Drive Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Induction motors and Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) are widely used in industry to drive machinery trains. However, some mechanical trains driven by VFD-motor systems have encountered torsional vibration problems. This vibration can induce large...

Han, Xu

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

Math 438/538 Complex Variables Summer 2013 Instructor Amites Sarkar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Math 438/538 Complex Variables Summer 2013 Instructor Amites Sarkar Text Complex Analysis, Wednesdays and Thursdays, in 216 Bond Hall. My phone number is 650 7569 and my e-mail is amites.sarkar

Sarkar, Amites

469

The Effect of Pressure Difference Control on Hydraulic Stability in a Variable Flow Air Conditioning System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper analyzes the effects of different pressure difference control methods on hydraulic stability in a variable flow air conditioning system when it is applied to different air conditioning water systems. According to control method and water...

Zhang, Z.; Fu, Y.; Chen, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Southern hemisphere regional precipitation and climate variability : extremes trends and predictability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This PhD thesis investigates the relative importance of oceanic and atmospheric influences on extremes, long-term trends, and seasonal to interannual variability of precipitation for different (more)

Ummenhofer, Caroline C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

String Method with Collective variables from Normal Modes : Application to Alanine Dipeptide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approximation of the original system. To obtain the eigenvectors/eigen- values that are ordered according. In this paper, we present a method of semi-automatically determining collective variable set which can be used

Izaguirre, Jesús A.

472

Variability of Power from Large-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Scenarios in the State of Gujarat: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

Parsons, B.; Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Variability of Photovoltaic Power in the State of Gujarat Using High Resolution Solar Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Weekley, A.; Lopez, A.; Zhang, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Parsons, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Operational factorization of the linear second-order differential equation with variable coefficients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPERATIONAL FACTORIZATION OF THE LINEAR SECOND-ORDER DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION WITH VARIABLE COEFFICIENTS A Thesis By LARRY MORTON AUSTIN Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1966 Major Subject: Mathematics OPERATIONAL FACTORIZATION OF THE LINEAR SECOND-ORDER DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION WITH VARIABLE COEFFICIENTS A Thesis By LARRY MORTON AUSTIN Approved as to style and content by: (Ch rman...

Austin, Larry Morton

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Variability of Grain Arsenic Concentration and Speciation in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-As concentration is a desirable goal. 3.1.1. Causes of Variable Arsenic Availability to Rice High As concentrations in rice grain have been linked to both soils high in As and the use of As-contaminated irrigation water (Xie and Huang, 1998; Van Geen et al... VARIABILITY OF GRAIN ARSENIC CONCENTRATION AND SPECIATION IN RICE (Oryza sativa L.) A Dissertation by TUSHARA RAGHVAN PILLAI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

Pillai, Tushara Raghvan

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

476

Relationship between meteorological variables and total suspended and heavy metal particulates in Little Rock, Arkansas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN METEOROLOGICAL VARIABLES AND TOTAL SUSPENDED AND HEAVY NFXAL PARTICULATES IN LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS A Thesis MARY GWENDOLl'N AVERY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ALM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985 Major Subject: Meteorology RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN METEOROLOGICAL VARIABLES AND TOTAL SUSPENDED AND HEAVY METAL PARTICULATES IN LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS A Thesis MARY GWENDOLYN AVERY Approved...

Avery, Mary Gwendolyn

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Photometric Variability of Be/X-ray-Pulsar Binaries in the SMC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the photometric variability of ten SMC Be/X-ray pulsars using MACHO and OGLE-II data. For some of these systems we have found periodic behavior, including orbital outbursts and/or nonradial pulsations (NRP) of the Be star. For others we were unable to identify any clear photometric periodicity, although their longterm light curves show significant structure. We present periodograms, phase dispersion minimization (PDM) variances, and folded light curves for the systems which exhibit periodic photometric variability.

P. C. Schmidtke; A. P. Cowley

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

478

Impact of the Variable Refrigerant Volume Air Conditioning System on Building Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China HVAC Technologies for Energy Efficiency Vol.IV-1-3 Impact of the Variable Refrigerant Volume Air Conditioning System on Building Energy Efficiency Huawei Zhu Zhejiang Urban and Rural Planning Design Institute... conditioning system has led to extensive criticism. 2. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VARIABLE REFRIGERANT VOLUME AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND ITS PRESENT APPLICATION ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China HVAC Technologies for Energy Efficiency Vol.IV-1-3 2...

Zhu, H.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Enhanced Recovery Utilizing Variable Frequency Drives and a Distributed Power System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes complete results of the project entitled ''Enhanced Recovery Utilizing Variable Frequency Drives and a Distributed Power System''. This demonstration project was initiated in July 2003 and completed in March 2005. The objective of the project was to develop an integrated power production/variable frequency drive system that could easily be deployed in the oil field that would increase production and decrease operating costs. This report describes all the activities occurred and documents results of the demonstration.

Randy Peden; Sanjiv Shah

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

480

KINKS AND DENTS IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: RAPID INFRARED VARIABILITY AS EVIDENCE FOR LARGE STRUCTURAL PERTURBATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on synoptic observations at 3.6 and 4.5 {mu}m of young stellar objects in IC 348 with 38 epochs covering 40 days. We find that among the detected cluster members, 338 at [3.6] and 269 at both [3.6] and [4.5], many are variable on daily to weekly timescales with typical fluctuations of {approx}0.1 mag. The fraction of variables ranges from 20% for the diskless pre-main sequence stars to 60% for the stars still surrounded by infalling envelopes. We also find that stars in the exposed cluster core are less variable than the stars in the dense, slightly younger, southwestern ridge. This trend persists even after accounting for the underlying correlation with infrared spectral energy distribution type, suggesting that the change in variable fraction is not simply a reflection of the change in relative fraction of class I versus class II sources across the cloud, but instead reflects a change in variability with age. We also see a strong correlation between infrared variability and X-ray luminosity among the class II sources. The observed variability most likely reflects large changes in the structure of the inner wall located at the dust sublimation radius. We explore the possibility that these structural perturbations could be caused by a hot spot on the star heating dust above the sublimation temperature, causing it to evaporate rapidly, and increasing the inner radius for a portion of the disk. Under a number of simplifying assumptions we show that this model can reproduce the size and timescale of the 3.6 and 4.5 {mu}m fluctuations. Regardless of its source, the infrared variability indicates that the inner disk is not a slowly evolving entity, but instead is a bubbling, warped, dented mass of gas and dust whose global size and shape fluctuate in a matter of days.

Flaherty, K. M.; Rieke, G. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Muzerolle, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Dr., Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Gutermuth, R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Balog, Z. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Herbst, W. [Department of Astronomy, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459 (United States); Megeath, S. T., E-mail: kflaherty@as.arizona.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH (United States)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable variable variable" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The winds of Luminous Blue Variables and the Mass of AG Car  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present radiation-driven wind models for Luminous Blue Variables (LBVs) and predict their mass-loss rates. A comparison between our predictions and the observations of AG Car shows that the variable mass loss behaviour of LBVs is due the recombination/ionisation of Fe IV/III and Fe III/II. We also derive a present-day mass of 35 Msun for AG Car.

Jorick S. Vink; Alex de Koter

2002-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Variability of Power from Large-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Scenarios in the State of Gujarat (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

India has ambitious goals for high utilization of variable renewable power from wind and solar, and deployment has been proceeding at a rapid pace. The western state of Gujarat currently has the largest amount of solar generation of any Indian state, with over 855 Megawatts direct current (MWDC). Combined with over 3,240 MW of wind, variable generation renewables comprise nearly 18% of the electric-generating capacity in the state. A new historic 10-kilometer (km) gridded solar radiation data set capturing hourly insolation values for 2002-2011 is available for India. We apply an established method for downscaling hourly irradiance data to one-minute irradiance data at potential PV power production locations for one year, 2006. The objective of this report is to characterize the intra-hour variability of existing and planned photovoltaic solar power generation in the state of Gujarat (a total of 1.9 gigawatts direct current (GWDC)), and of five possible expansion scenarios of solar generation that reflect a range of geographic diversity (each scenario totals 500-1,000 MW of additional solar capacity). The report statistically analyzes one year's worth of power variability data, applied to both the baseline and expansion scenarios, to evaluate diurnal and seasonal power fluctuations, different timescales of variability (e.g., from one to 15 minutes), the magnitude of variability (both total megawatts and relative to installed solar capacity), and the extent to which the variability can be anticipated in advance. The paper also examines how Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation (GETCO) and the Gujarat State Load Dispatch Centre (SLDC) could make use of the solar variability profiles in grid operations and planning.

Parsons, B.; Hummon, M.; Cochran, J.; Stoltenberg, B.; Batra, P.; Mehta, B.; Patel, D.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

The Evolutionary Status of M3 RR Lyrae Variables: Breakdown of the Canonical Framework?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to test the prevailing paradigm of horizontal-branch (HB) stellar evolution, we use the large databases of measured RR Lyrae parameters for the globular cluster M3 (NGC 5272) recently provided by Bakos et al. and Corwin & Carney. We compare the observed distribution of fundamentalized periods against the predictions of synthetic HBs. The observed distribution shows a sharp peak at P_f ~ 0.55 d, which is primarily due to the RRab variables, whereas the model predictions instead indicate that the distribution should be more uniform in P_f, with a buildup of variables with shorter periods (P_f < 0.5 d). Detailed statistical tests show, for the first time, that the observed and predicted distributions are incompatible with one another at a high significance level. We show that the sharp peak in the M3 period distribution receives a significant contribution from the Blazhko variables in the cluster. We also show that M15 (NGC 7078) and M68 (NGC 4590) show similar peaks in their P_f distributions, which in spite of being located at a similar P_f value as M3's, can be primarily ascribed to the RRc variables. Again similar to M3, a demise of RRc variables towards the blue edge of the instability strip is present in these two globulars. This is again in sharp contrast with the evolutionary scenario, which also foresees a strong buildup of RRc variables with short periods in OoII globulars. We speculate that, in OoI systems, RRab variables may get "trapped" close to the transition line between RRab and RRc pulsators as they evolve to the blue, whereas in OoII systems it is the RRc variables that may get "trapped" instead, as they evolve to the red, before changing their pulsation mode to RRab. Such a scenario is supported by the available CMDs and Bailey diagrams for M3, M15, and M68.

M. Catelan

2003-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

484

Worstcase time bounds for MAXkSAT w.r.t. the number of variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Worst­case time bounds for MAX­k­SAT w.r.t. the number of variables using local search #3; EDWARD A­trivial upper bounds w.r.t. the number of variables were known for MAX­SAT and MAX­2­SAT. An a for the exact solution of MAX­k­SAT / MAX­SAT. However, the exponential­time bounds obtained in this way are w.r

Hirsch, Edward A.

485

THE RR LYRAE VARIABLES AND HORIZONTAL BRANCH OF NGC 6656 (M22) {sup ,}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first calibrated broadband UBVI time-series photometry is presented for the RR Lyrae variable stars in NGC 6656 (M22), with observations spanning a range of 22 years. We have also redetermined the variability types and periods for the RR Lyrae stars identified previously by photographic observations, revising the number of fundamental-mode RR Lyrae variables (RR0) to 10 and the number of first-overtone variables (RR1) to 16. The mean periods of the RR0 and RR1 variables are (P) {sub RR0} = 0.66 0.02 days and (P) {sub RR1} = 0.33 0.01 days, respectively, supporting an Oosterhoff II classification for the cluster. The number ratio of RR1-type to all RR-type variables is N {sub 1}/N{sub RR} = 0.61, also consistent with an Oosterhoff II designation. Both the RR Lyrae stars' minimum light colors and the blue edge of the RR Lyrae instability strip suggest E( B V) = 0.36 0.02 mag toward M22. Regarding the HB morphology of M22, we find (B-R)/(B+V+R) = +0.97 0.1 and at least one ''gap'' located in an unusual part of the blue HB, in the middle of the so-called hot HB stars.

Kunder, Andrea; Walker, Alistair R.; Paredes Alvarez, Leonardo [Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile); Stetson, Peter B. [Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, NRC-Herzberg, National Research Council, Victoria BC, V9E 2E7 (Canada); Cassisi, Santi [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Collurania, Via M. Maggini, I-64100 Teramo (Italy); Layden, Andrew [Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403 (United States); Bono, Giuseppe [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Rome (Italy); Catelan, Mrcio [Pontificia Universidad Catlica de Chile, Departamento de Astronoma y Astrofsica, Av. Vicua Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago (Chile); Clem, James L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803-4001 (United States); Matsunaga, Noriyuki [Department of Astronomy, School of Science, The University of Tokyo (Japan); Salaris, Maurizio [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Twelve Quays House, Egerton Wharf, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom); Lee, Jae-Woo [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Chaboyer, Brian, E-mail: akunder@ctio.noao.edu, E-mail: mcatelan@astro.puc.cl [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

INFRARED VARIABILITY OF EVOLVED PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: EVIDENCE FOR SCALE HEIGHT VARIATIONS IN THE INNER DISK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the results of a multi-wavelength multi-epoch survey of five evolved protoplanetary disks in the IC 348 cluster that show significant infrared variability. Using 3-8 {mu}m and 24 {mu}m photometry along with 5-40 {mu}m spectroscopy from the Spitzer Space Telescope, as well as ground-based 0.8-5 {mu}m spectroscopy, optical spectroscopy, and near-infrared photometry, covering timescales of days to years, we examine the variability in the disk, stellar, and accretion flux. We find substantial variations (10%-60%) at all infrared wavelengths on timescales of weeks to months for all of these young stellar objects. This behavior is not unique when compared to other cluster members and is consistent with changes in the structure of the inner disk, most likely scale height fluctuations on a dynamical timescale. Previous observations, along with our near-infrared photometry, indicate that the stellar fluxes are relatively constant; stellar variability does not appear to drive the large changes in the infrared fluxes. Based on our near-infrared spectroscopy of the Pa{beta} and Br{gamma} lines we find that the accretion rates are variable in most of the evolved disks but the overall rates are probably too small to cause the infrared variability. We discuss other possible physical causes for the variability, including the influence of a companion, magnetic fields threading the disk, and X-ray flares.

Flaherty, K. M.; Rieke, G. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Muzerolle, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD, 21218 (United States); Gutermuth, R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Balog, Z. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Herbst, W. [Department of Astronomy, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT 06459 (United States); Megeath, S. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH (United States); Kun, M., E-mail: kflaherty@as.arizona.edu [Konkoly Observatory, Konkoly Thege ut 15-17, H-1121 Budapest (Hungary)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

487

Solar Variability, Cosmic Rays and Climate: What's up? The topic of possible relations between solar and cosmic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preface Solar Variability, Cosmic Rays and Climate: What's up? The topic of possible relations between solar and cosmic ray variability on one hand, and Earth's climate on the other hand, is quite in Space Research topical issue on Solar Variability, Cosmic Rays and Climate presents a collection

Usoskin, Ilya G.

488

Planning for electric utility solar applications: the effects on reliability and production cost estimates of the variability in demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous studies have shown the necessity of the consideration of hourly variability in the output from the intermittent generation source. However, the studies did not take into account the variability in the demand. A result is presented which shows that under general conditions the variability due to randomness can be ignored except in the neighborhood of the peak and minimum demands.

Fegan, G.R.; Percival, C.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Understory plant communities of boreal mixedwood forests in western Canada: Natural patterns and response to variable-retention harvesting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and response to variable-retention harvesting S. Ellen Macdonald *, Treena E. Fenniak Department of Renewable, mixedwood, conifer) in Alberta, Canada, before and for 2 years following variable-retention harvesting conditions. Variable-retention harvesting had little effect on understory cover, richness, or diversity

Macdonald, Ellen

490

SMALL-SCALE SPATIAL VARIABILITY 0F A m POLLUTION IN A COMPLEX ROADSIDE ENVIRONMENT: REPRESENTATIVENESS 0F MONITORING DATA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Row, London SE10 9LS, UK ABSTRACT Thé strong spatial and temporal variability of air pollution variability of trafïic-related pollutants in a complex urban site in central Paris, a combination of airSMALL-SCALE SPATIAL VARIABILITY 0F A m POLLUTION IN A COMPLEX ROADSIDE ENVIRONMENT

Boyer, Edmond

491

Seasonal and ENSO variability in global ocean phytoplankton chlorophyll derived from 4 years of SeaWiFS measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a possible 184 modes, which explain 67% of the total temporal variability associated with the global meanSeasonal and ENSO variability in global ocean phytoplankton chlorophyll derived from 4 years of Sea and other sources of phytoplankton variability on global scales, which is an important component

Yoder, James S.

492

Mechanisms of air-sea CO2 flux variability in the equatorial Pacific and the North Atlantic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanisms of air-sea CO2 flux variability in the equatorial Pacific and the North Atlantic Galen A circulation model is used to estimate the magnitude of interannual variability in air-sea fluxes of CO2 and O2 from 1980­1998 and to examine the controlling mechanisms. The global variability in the air-sea flux

Follows, Mick

493

Infrared Colors and Variability of Evolved Stars from COBE DIRBE Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a complete 12 micron flux-limited sample of 207 IRAS sources, we have extracted light curves in seven infrared bands between 1.25 - 60 microns using the database of the DIRBE instrument on the COBE satellite. Using previous infrared surveys, we filtered these light curves to remove datapoints affected by nearby companions. In the time-averaged DIRBE color-color plots, we find clear segregation of semi-regulars, Mira variables, carbon stars, OH/IR stars, and red giants without circumstellar dust and with little or no visual variation. The DIRBE 1.25 - 25 micron colors become progressively redder and the variability in the DIRBE database increases along the oxygen-rich sequence non-dusty slightly varying red giants -> SRb/Lb -> SRa -> Mira -> OH/IR and the carbon-rich SRb/Lb -> Mira sequence. This supports previous assertions that these are evolutionary sequences involving the continued production and ejection of dust. Carbon stars are redder than oxygen-rich stars for the same variability type, except in the F(12)/F(25) ratio. Of the 28 sources in the sample not previous noted to be variable, 18 are clearly variable in the DIRBE data, with amplitudes of variation of ~0.9 magnitudes at 4.9 microns and ~0.6 magnitudes at 12 microns, consistent with them being very dusty Mira-like variables. The light curves of the semi-regular variable L2 Pup are particularly remarkable. The maxima at 1.25, 2.2, and 3.5 microns occur 10 - 20 days before those at 4.9 and 12 microns, and, at 4.9 and 12 microns, another maximum is seen between the two near-infrared maxima.

Beverly J. Smith

2003-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

494

Variable Selection for Modeling the Absolute Magnitude at Maximum of Type Ia Supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss what is an appropriate set of explanatory variables in order to predict the absolute magnitude at the maximum of Type Ia supernovae. In order to have a good prediction, the error for future data, which is called the "generalization error," should be small. We use cross-validation in order to control the generalization error and LASSO-type estimator in order to choose the set of variables. This approach can be used even in the case that the number of samples is smaller than the number of candidate variables. We studied the Berkeley supernova database with our approach. Candidates of the explanatory variables include normalized spectral data, variables about lines, and previously proposed flux-ratios, as well as the color and light-curve widths. As a result, we confirmed the past understanding about Type Ia supernova: i) The absolute magnitude at maximum depends on the color and light-curve width. ii) The light-curve width depends on the strength of Si II. Recent studies have suggested to add more va...

Uemura, Makoto; Kawabata, S; Ikeda, Shiro; Maeda, Keiichi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Effects of turbulence on power generation for variable-speed wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the primary advantages of variable-speed wind turbines over fixed-speed turbines should be improved aerodynamic efficiency. With variable-speed generation, in order to maintain a constant ratio of wind speed to tip speed, the wind turbine changes rotor speed as the wind speed changes. In this paper we compare a stall-controlled, variable-speed wind turbine to a fixed-speed turbine. The focus of this paper is to investigate the effects of variable speed on energy capture and its ability to control peak power. We also show the impact of turbulence on energy capture in moderate winds. In this report, we use a dynamic simulator to apply different winds to a wind turbine model. This model incorporates typical inertial and aerodynamic performance characteristics. From this study we found a control strategy that makes it possible to operate a stall-controlled turbine using variable speed to optimize energy capture and to control peak power. We also found that turbulence does not have a significant impact on energy capture.

Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Buhl, M.L. Jr.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Simulating variable source problems via post processing of individual particle tallies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monte Carlo is an extremely powerful method of simulating complex, three dimensional environments without excessive problem simplification. However, it is often time consuming to simulate models in which the source can be highly varied. Similarly difficult are optimization studies involving sources in which many input parameters are variable, such as particle energy, angle, and spatial distribution. Such studies are often approached using brute force methods or intelligent guesswork. One field in which these problems are often encountered is accelerator-driven Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) for the treatment of cancers. Solving the reverse problem of determining the best neutron source for optimal BNCT treatment can be accomplished by separating the time-consuming particle-tracking process of a full Monte Carlo simulation from the calculation of the source weighting factors which is typically performed at the beginning of a Monte Carlo simulation. By post-processing these weighting factors on a recorded file of individual particle tally information, the effect of changing source variables can be realized in a matter of seconds, instead of requiring hours or days for additional complete simulations. By intelligent source biasing, any number of different source distributions can be calculated quickly from a single Monte Carlo simulation. The source description can be treated as variable and the effect of changing multiple interdependent source variables on the problem's solution can be determined. Though the focus of this study is on BNCT applications, this procedure may be applicable to any problem that involves a variable source.

Bleuel, D.L.; Donahue, R.J.; Ludewigt, B.A.; Vujic, J.

2000-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

497

Cyclic Variability During the Transition Between Spark-ignited Combustion and HCCI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental observations of cyclic variability are described for the transition between conventional spark-ignited (SI) propagating-flame combustion and homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) combustion in a single-cylinder, stoichiometrically fueled, gasoline engine. The engine under study is equipped with a fully variable valve actuation (VVA) system which was used to control the levels of internal exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) to achieve the transition from conventional SI to HCCI. Engine operation in both SI and HCCI modes was observed to be very stable with only minor, stochastic cyclic variability. However, during transitions between these modes, operation was observed to be highly unstable with high levels of cyclic variability and occasionally the engine could not sustain combustion. Analysis of the observed cyclic variability suggests that the transition between SI and HCCI can be described as a sequence of bifurcations in a low-dimensional dynamic map. The deterministic nature of the instabilities observed during the transition suggest that it is possible to make accurate, short-term predictions of combustion performance allowing for the possibility of developing on-line diagnostics and proactive control algorithms for expanding stable HCCI operation and improving transitions between conventional combustion modes and HCCI.

Edwards, Kevin Dean [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Wagner, Robert M [ORNL; Green Jr, Johney Boyd [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A search for rapid optical variability in radio-quiet quasars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The detection of rapid variability on a time-scale of hours in radio-quiet quasars (RQQSOs) could be a powerful discriminator between starburst, accretion disc and relativistic jet models of these sources. This paper contains an account of a dedicated search for rapid optical variability in RQQSOs. The technique used differential photometry between the RQQSO and stars in the same field of view of the CCD. The 23 RQQSOs that were observed all have high luminosities (-27 1. The total amount of observation time was about 60 hours and these observations are part of an ongoing programme, started in September 1990, to search for rapid variability in RQQSOs. No evidence for short-term variability greater than about 0.1 magnitudes was detected in any of the 23 sources, however long-term variability was recorded for the radio-quiet quasar PG 2112+059. The finding charts are included here because they identify the RQQSO and the reference stars used in the photometry, and hence are available for use by other observers.

M. Rabbette; B. McBreen; N. Smith; S. Steel

1998-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

499

SPECTRAL VARIABILITY OF FIRST BRIGHT QSOs WITH SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For some samples, it has been shown that spectra of QSOs with low redshift are bluer during their brighter phases. For the FIRST bright QSO sample, we assemble their spectra from Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 (SDSS DR7) to investigate variability between the spectra from White et al. and from the SDSS for a long rest-frame time lag, up to 10 years. There are 312 radio-loud (RL) QSOs and 232 radio-quiet (RQ) QSOs in this sample, up to z {approx} 3.5. With two-epoch variation, it is found that the spectra of half of the QSOs appear redder during their brighter phases. There is no obvious difference in slope variability between subsamples of RQ and RL QSOs. This result implies that the presence of a radio jet does not affect the slope variability on 10 year timescales. The arithmetic composite difference spectrum for variable QSOs is steep blueward of {approx}2500 A. The variability for the region blueward of 2500 A is different to that for the region redward of 2500 A.

Bian Weihao; Zhang Li [Department of Physics and Institute of Theoretical Physics, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097 (China); Green, Richard [LBT Observatory, AZ 85721 (United States); Hu Chen [Key Laboratory for Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

500

EPR-Steering measure for two-mode continuous variable states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steering is a manifestation of quantum correlations that embodies the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) paradox. While there have been recent attempts to quantify steering, continuous variable systems remained elusive. We introduce a steering measure for two-mode continuous variable systems that is valid for arbitrary states. The measure is based on the violation of an optimized variance test for the EPR paradox, and admits a computable and experimentally friendly lower bound only depending on the second moments of the state, which reduces to a recently proposed quantifier of steerability by Gaussian measurements. We further show that Gaussian states are extremal with respect to our measure, minimizing it among all continuous variable states with fixed second moments. As a byproduct of our analysis, we generalize and relate well-known EPR-steering criteria. Finally an operational interpretation is provided, as the proposed measure is shown to quantify the optimal guaranteed key rate in semi-device independent qua...

Kogias, Ioannis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z