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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

A novel high power density permanent magnet variable-speed motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a novel polyphase multipole permanent magnet motor which possesses high power density, high efficiency and excellent controllability, yet can be produced by conventional fabrication technique. The basic operating principles, design features, performance analysis and control system are described. The experimental results of a 5 kW, 1,500 rpm prototype motor and its comparison with other types of motors such as switched reluctance motor and induction motor are given. This proposed motor has the potential to compete in certain applications.

Chan, C.C.; Chen, G.H.; Jiang, J.Z.; Wang, X.Y. (Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Sensorless Speed Control of Permanent Magnet-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor (PMa-SynRM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An interesting alternative for today's high efficiency variable speed drives is the Permanent Magnet-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor drive, which belongs to the family of brushless synchronous AC motor drives. Generally, the reluctance torque...

Chakali, Anil K.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

3

Hybrid permanent magnet and variable reluctance generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a hybrid electrical generator. It comprises: a permanent magnet generator having a permanent magnet rotor mounted on a shaft, the permanent magnet generator providing an output voltage over an operating range which falls in response to an increasing electrical load; a variable reluctance generator having a rotor mounted on the shaft with excitation of a stator of the variable reluctance generator being provided from the permanent magnet generator, the variable reluctance generator providing an output voltage which varies in response to an increasing electrical load over an operating range; and a voltage regulator, responsive to combined output voltages of the generators, for controlling the output voltage provided by the variable reluctance generator.

Vaidya, J.; Belanger, D.J.

1990-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

4

SUPER HIGH-SPEED MINIATURIZED PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUPER HIGH-SPEED MINIATURIZED PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR by LIPING ZHENG B.S. Shanghai with the design of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) to operate at super-high speed with high efficiency shaft output power at 200,000 rpm and at the cryogenic temperature of 77 K. The test results showed

Wu, Thomas

5

Chapter Seven - Variable speed drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The electromechanical controllers are a kind of variable speed drives (VSDs) that are obsolete but are still in use because when a motor and a drive is combined, they become a power drive system (PDS). There are two ways of varying the speed of an induction motor, either by varying the motor slip or by varying the supply frequency. The preferred practice for electrical speed variation is to change the supply frequency with a variable frequency drive (VFD). Many other designs also have been developed. However, except the specialized applications, few are still in operation. A number of motor and drive manufacturers are now producing the integrated motor/VFD units. These units consist of a motor and a specially designed VFD, produced as a single package, with the VFD unit mounted variously on the top, side, or end of the motor.

Europump; Hydraulic Institute

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Variable-field permanent magnet dipole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept for a variable-field permanent-magnet dipole (VFPMD) has been designed, fabricated, and tested at Los Alamos. The VFPMD is a C-shaped sector magnet with iron poles separated by a large block of magnet material (SmCo). The central field can be continuously varied from 0.07 T to 0.3 T by moving an iron shunt closer or further away from the back of the magnet. The shunt is specially shaped to make the dependence of the dipole field strength on the shunt position as linear as possible. The dipole has a 2.8 cm high by 8 cm wide aperture with {approximately}10 cm long poles.

Barlow, D.B.; Kraus, R.H. Jr.; Meyer, R.E.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Design of optimal digital controller for stable super-high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of optimal digital controller for stable super-high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous motor collaborative design scheme of a super-high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) and its digital is an attractive solution for super-high-speed PMSMs because of its inherent lack of mechanical shaft sensors

Wu, Thomas

8

Permanent magnet design for high-speed superconducting bearings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high temperature superconducting bearing including a permanent magnet rotor levitated by a high temperature superconducting structure is disclosed. The rotor preferably includes one or more concentric permanent magnet rings coupled to permanent magnet ring structures having substantially triangular and quadrangular cross-sections. Both alternating and single direction polarity magnet structures can be used in the bearing. 9 figs.

Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L.; Abdoud, R.G.

1996-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

9

Renewable variable speed hybrid system   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At present many remote and Island communities rely solely on diesel powered generators to provide electricity. Diesel fuel is both expensive and polluting and the constant speed operation of the diesel engine is inefficient. ...

Stott, Paul Anthony

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013 Peer Review Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013 Peer Review Emerging Technologies Project for...

11

Solutions for Interharmonics in Variable Speed Drives for LNG Plants:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Variable speed drives can cause components of any frequency known as interharmonics. Large variable speed drives in the order of tens of megawatts can replace… (more)

Verhulst, M.P.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A variable-field permanent-magnet dipole for accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept for a variable-field permanent-magnet dipole has been developed and fabricated at Los Alamos. The application requires an extremely uniform dipole field in the magnet aperture and precision variability over a large operating range. An iron-core permanent- magnet design using a shunt that was specially shaped to vary the field in a precise and reproducible fashion with shunt position. The key to this design is in the shape of the shunt. The field as a function of shunt position is very linear from 90% of the maximum field to 20% of the minimum field. The shaped shunt also results in a small maximum magnetic force attracting the shunt to the yoke allowing a simple mechanical design. Calculated and measured results agree well for the magnet.

Kraus, R.H. Jr.; Barlow, D.B.; Meyer, R.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

A variable-field permanent-magnet dipole for accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept for a variable-field permanent-magnet dipole has been developed and fabricated at Los Alamos. The application requires an extremely uniform dipole field in the magnet aperture and precision variability over a large operating range. An iron-core permanent- magnet design using a shunt that was specially shaped to vary the field in a precise and reproducible fashion with shunt position. The key to this design is in the shape of the shunt. The field as a function of shunt position is very linear from 90% of the maximum field to 20% of the minimum field. The shaped shunt also results in a small maximum magnetic force attracting the shunt to the yoke allowing a simple mechanical design. Calculated and measured results agree well for the magnet.

Kraus, R.H. Jr.; Barlow, D.B.; Meyer, R.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Multi-criteria based design approach of multiphase permanent magnet low speed synchronous machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-criteria based design approach of multiphase permanent magnet low speed synchronous machines'Ecole Navale Letellier, Paul; Groupe Altawest, Jeumont Electric Keyword: AC MACHINES, BRUSHLESS MACHINES low speed synchronous machines April 21, 2008 Abstract This paper presents a design methodology

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

15

Permanent magnet generators for renewable energy devices with wide speed range and pulsating power delivery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the design of a direct-drive permanent-magnet generator for use in a novel sea-wave electrical generator. The basic system is briefly described and the target specification derived from the device and the wave tank performance. The design for the brushless permanent-magnet generators is then developed using SPEED PC-BDC and verified using Finite Element Analysis (PC-FEA). A diode bridge model is also tested using Portunus system simulation.

David G. Dorrell

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Variable Speed of Light Research Project Dave Schumann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable Speed of Light Research Project Dave Schumann Dr. Bharath Narayanan 21 September 2003 mathematics of the Variable Speed of Light (VSL) theory. In a paper titled, "A Time Varying Speed of Light of a variable speed of light in the early stages of the universe. They propose corrections to the cosmological

Zakharov, Vladimir

17

Pitch and torque control of variable speed wind turbines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis the torque, speed and pitch angle control of variable speed wind turbine is investigated. In particular, it concentrates on the extraction of… (more)

Kulka, Arkadiusz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Thermodynamics in variable speed of light theories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The perfect fluid in the context of a covariant variable speed of light theory proposed by J. Magueijo is studied. On the one hand the modified first law of thermodynamics together with a recipe to obtain equations of state are obtained. On the other hand the Newtonian limit is performed to obtain the nonrelativistic hydrostatic equilibrium equation for the theory. The results obtained are used to determine the time variation of the radius of Mercury induced by the variability of the speed of light (c), and the scalar contribution to the luminosity of white dwarfs. Using a bound for the change of that radius and combining it with an upper limit for the variation of the fine structure constant, a bound on the time variation of c is set. An independent bound is obtained from luminosity estimates for Stein 2015B.

Racker, Juan [CONICET, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Avenida Bustillo 9500 (8400), San Carlos De Bariloche (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N (1900), La Plata (Argentina); Sisterna, Pablo [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350 (7600), Mar del Plata (Argentina); Vucetich, Hector [Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N (1900), La Plata (Argentina)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Thermodynamics in variable speed of light theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The perfect fluid in the context of a covariant variable speed of light theory proposed by J. Magueijo is studied. On the one hand the modified first law of thermodynamics together with a recipe to obtain equations of state are obtained. On the other hand the Newtonian limit is performed to obtain the nonrelativistic hydrostatic equilibrium equation for the theory. The results obtained are used to determine the time variation of the radius of Mercury induced by the variability of the speed of light ($c$), and the scalar contribution to the luminosity of white dwarfs. Using a bound for the change of that radius and combining it with an upper limit for the variation of the fine structure constant, a bound on the time variation of $c$ is set. An independent bound is obtained from luminosity estimates for Stein 2015B.

Juan Racker; Pablo Sisterna; Hector Vucetich

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

20

Globally competitive variable-speed wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the design issues which must be addressed if variable-speed wind turbines are to compete in the global marketplace. The paper examines how component-specific design decisions must be made on a system level if an optimized system is to be the result. The relationships among the blades, the generator and the utility interface are considered in detail, using the conceptual design of a 12 kW variable-speed wind turbine (the AOC 8/12) as a running example. The turbine is based on a direct-drive variable-reluctance generator (VRG), a single- or three-phase utility interface as appropriate, and a three-bladed rotor with fixed pitch. A preliminary turbine specification is provided, along with candidate power-speed curves and annual energy output. This paper documents the continuing development and commercialization of this technology which is being taken from the proof-of-concept stage and is now headed for field testing.

Torrey, D.A. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY (United States); Childs, S.E.; Johnson, B.; Carter, J. [Atlantic Orient Corp., Norwich, VT (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, VOL. 41, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2005 3823 Design of a Superhigh-Speed Cryogenic Permanent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

magnet is centrally located inside the hollow shaft. The permanent magnet was inserted into the hollow shaft by heating the titanium shaft to 570 K and cooling the permanent magnet down to 77 K. B. Design-Speed Cryogenic Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Liping Zheng1, Thomas X. Wu1, Dipjyoti Acharya2, Kalpathy B

Wu, Thomas

22

296 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 57, NO. 1, JANUARY 2010 Very-High-Speed Slotless Permanent-Magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cell compressor [9]), machining industry (machine tool [10], micromachining), home appliance industry-High-Speed Slotless Permanent-Magnet Motors: Analytical Modeling, Optimization, Design, and Torque Measurement Methods-high-speed (VHS) slotless permanent-magnet motor design procedure using an analytical model. The model is used

Psaltis, Demetri

23

Chi-Variable-Speed-of-Light Cosmologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Variable-Speed-of-Light (VSL) cosmologies are currently attracting much interest as a possible alternative to cosmological inflation. We discuss the fundamental geometrodynamic aspects of VSL cosmologies, and provide several alternative implementations. These implementations provide a large class of VSL cosmologies that pass the zeroth-order consistency tests of being compatible with both classical Einstein gravity and low-energy particle physics. While they solve the ``kinematic'' puzzles as well as inflation does, VSL cosmologies typically do not solve the flatness problem since in their purest form no violation of the strong energy condition occurs. Nevertheless, these models are easy to unify with inflation.

Stefano Liberati; Bruce A. Bassett; Carmen Molina-Paris; Matt Visser

2000-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

24

Cloud speed impact on solar variability scaling â?? Application to the wavelet variability model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kleissl, J. , 2013. Deriving cloud velocity from an array ofCloud Speed Impact on Solar Variability Scaling -this work, we determine from cloud speeds. Cloud simulator

Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced, Variable Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Advanced,

26

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Integrated Heat Pump prototype system and field test site near Knoxville, TN Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab Advanced variable-speed Air Source Integrated Heat Pump prototype...

27

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

variable speed air-source variable speed air-source integrated heat pump (AS-IHP) - CRADA Van D. Baxter Oak Ridge National Laboratory vdb@ornl.gov; 865-574-2104 April 3, 2013 Development of advanced HVAC/WH system options for efficient residential or small commercial buildings, new const. or retrofit * ET R&D project in support of DOE/BTO Goal of 50% Reduction in Building Energy Use by 2030 IHP concept - all HVAC & WH services integrated into

28

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

variable speed air-source variable speed air-source integrated heat pump (AS-IHP) - CRADA Van D. Baxter Oak Ridge National Laboratory vdb@ornl.gov; 865-574-2104 April 3, 2013 Development of advanced HVAC/WH system options for efficient residential or small commercial buildings, new const. or retrofit * ET R&D project in support of DOE/BTO Goal of 50% Reduction in Building Energy Use by 2030 IHP concept - all HVAC & WH services integrated into

29

Rotational and magnetic shunt permanent magnet quadrupoles with variable magnetic strength  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Next Linear Collider (NLC) and Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) projects suppose to use permanent magnets as bending, focusing and correcting elements. Prototypes of two permanent magnet quadrupoles with variable strength were built and successfully tested in Fermilab. Quadrupoles have 12.7 mm aperture diameter, 100 T/m gradient with an adjustment range of 0 to -20%. Special designs provide high precision magnetic center stability during strength change. SmCo5 permanent magnet bricks were used in these prototypes. Rotational quadrupole consists of four sections. Two central sections are rotated in counter directions to adjust the strength. Magnetic shunt quadrupole design provides variable shunting of the magnetic flux. The numerical simulation, designs, measuring results are described.

Vladimir Kashikhin et al.

2002-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

30

Variable current speed controller for eddy current motors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A speed control system for eddy current motors is provided in which the current to the motor from a constant frequency power source is varied by comparing the actual motor speed signal with a setpoint speed signal to control the motor speed according to the selected setpoint speed. A three-phase variable voltage autotransformer is provided for controlling the voltage from a three-phase power supply. A corresponding plurality of current control resistors is provided in series with each phase of the autotransformer output connected to inputs of a three-phase motor. Each resistor is connected in parallel with a set of normally closed contacts of plurality of relays which are operated by control logic. A logic circuit compares the selected speed with the actual motor speed obtained from a digital tachometer monitoring the motor spindle speed and operated the relays to add or substract resistance equally in each phase of the motor input to vary the motor current to control the motor at the selected speed.

Gerth, H.L.; Bailey, J.M.; Casstevens, J.M.; Dixon, J.H.; Griffith, B.O.; Igou, R.E.

1982-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

31

Design Procedure for a Very High Speed Slotless Permanent Magnet Motor Pierre-Daniel Pfister, Student Member, IEEE and Yves Perriard, Senior Member, IEEE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design Procedure for a Very High Speed Slotless Permanent Magnet Motor Pierre-Daniel Pfister speed slotless permanent magnet motor design procedure using an analyti- cal model. The multiphysics in the center, a magnet, an air gap, and the stator yoke. In our case, the shaft radius is set to zero

Psaltis, Demetri

32

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Variable Speed Pumping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency of chilled water and condenser pumps, along with chiller efficiency and cooling tower efficiency, operate, and control water-pumping systems to achieve high efficiency and to lower life-cycle costsLBNL-58637 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Variable Speed Pumping Tengfang Xu June

33

Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation February 2000 * NREL/CP-500-27143 E. Muljadi and C.P. Butterfield Presented at the 1999 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting Phoenix, Arizona October 3-7, 1999 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

34

Variable Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer Room Air Conditioners  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Variable-Speed Fan Variable-Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer-Room Air Conditioners Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program Technology Case Study Bulletin By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Steve Greenberg September 2013 2 Contacts Steve Greenberg Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, 90R3111 Berkeley, California 94720 (510) 486-6971 segreenberg@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP, please contact: Will Lintner, P.E., CEM Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 (202) 586-3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov 3 Acknowledgements EPRI: Dennis Symanski, Brian Fortenbery Synapsense: Garret Smith, Patricia Nealon Vigilent: Corinne Vita

35

6 - Control systems for AC variable speed drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter explores the control system, embodied in the control circuits. The simplest method of providing auxiliary power to the converter control circuits is from an auxiliary transformer connected to the mains. The primary need for current feedback in general purpose variable speed drives (VSDs) is inverter switching device protection. Various disadvantages of the vector controlled AC drive as compared to a DC drive are discussed in the chapter. The strategy of an AC vector control drive is to calculate the individual current vectors to eventually enable separate control of the flux current and the torque current under all speed and load conditions. The power circuit for a vector converter is almost identical to that used by a variable voltage variable frequency (VVVF) drive. High accuracy motor current feedback is also necessary to provide control of motor torque. DC bus current feedback is suitable for switching device protection and current limiting in most AC VSDs. Analog speed transducers are increasingly being replaced by digital devices, which are more compatible with modern digital control systems.

Malcolm Barnes

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Performance of twist-coupled blades on variable speed rotors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The load mitigation and energy capture characteristics of twist-coupled HAWT blades that are mounted on a variable speed rotor are investigated in this paper. These blades are designed to twist toward feather as they bend with pretwist set to achieve a desirable twist distribution at rated power. For this investigation, the ADAMS-WT software has been modified to include blade models with bending-twist coupling. Using twist-coupled and uncoupled models, the ADAMS software is exercised for steady wind environments to generate C{sub p} curves at a number of operating speeds to compare the efficiencies of the two models. The ADAMS software is also used to generate the response of a twist-coupled variable speed rotor to a spectrum of stochastic wind time series. This spectrum contains time series with two mean wind speeds at two turbulence levels. Power control is achieved by imposing a reactive torque on the low speed shaft proportional to the RPM squared with the coefficient specified so that the rotor operates at peak efficiency in the linear aerodynamic range, and by limiting the maximum RPM to take advantage of the stall controlled nature of the rotor. Fatigue calculations are done for the generated load histories using a range of material exponents that represent materials from welded steel to aluminum to composites, and results are compared with the damage computed for the rotor without twist-coupling. Results indicate that significant reductions in damage are achieved across the spectrum of applied wind loading without any degradation in power production.

Lobitz, D.W.; Veers, P.S.; Laino, D.J.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

37

Variable Speed of Light Cosmology, Primordial Fluctuations and Gravitational Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A variable speed of light (VSL) cosmology is developed with a spontaneous breaking of Lorentz invariance in the early universe. A non-minimal electromagnetic coupling to curvature and the resulting quantum electrodynamic vacuum polarization dispersive medium can produce $c\\gg c_0$ in the early universe, where $c_0$ is the measured speed of light today. Higher derivative curvature contributions to the effective gravitational action and quantum gravity vacuum polarization can produce a dispersive medium and a large increase in the speed of gravitational waves $c_g\\gg c_{g0}$ in the early universe, where $c_{g0}$ is the speed of gravitational waves today. The initial value problems of cosmology are solved: the horizon and flatness problems. The model predicts primordial scalar and tensor fluctuation spectral indices $n_s=0.96$ and $n_t=- 0.04$, respectively. The BICEP2 observation of $r=0.2$ yields $r/n_t=-5$ which is close to the single-field inflationary consistency condition $r/n_t=-8$.

J. W. Moffat

2014-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

38

Computer Based Motor Parameter Determination for High Speed Operation of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synchronous Machines B. Szabados and U. Schaible McMaster University 1280 Main St. W., Hamilton, Ontario PM synchronous machine parameters in the high speed operating range. The theory and real interior PM synchronous machine at up to 8000 rpm. Results are presented which show a significant variation

Szabados, Barna

39

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into advanced variable speed air-source integrated heat pumps (AS-IHPs). Project Description This project seeks to develop AS-IHP products for the larger air-source system market. Development focuses on a fully variable capacity or variable speed AS-IHP option. Project Partners Research is being undertaken through a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) between the Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and a CRADA partner. Project Goals The goal of this project is the development of a fully variable-speed version of an AS-IHP product that can provide heating, ventilation, and air

40

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility. 14 figs.

Muljadi, E.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Variable Speed Wind Turbine Generator with Zero-sequence Filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

42

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Variable speed wind turbine for maximum power capture using adaptive fuzzy integral sliding mode control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a nonlinear control approach to variable speed wind turbine (VSWT) with a wind speed estimator. The dynamics of the wind turbine (WT) is derived from single ... has been considered for exact e...

Saravanakumar Rajendran…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-58636 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Water Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Tengfang Xu Contents HVAC.................................................................................................................................... 6 #12;HVAC Water Systems Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Summary Cleanroom energy benchmarking data

45

Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems B. Beltran, T. Ahmed power generation in variable speed wind energy conversion systems (VS-WECS). These systems have two variations. Index Terms--Wind energy conversion system, power generation control, sliding mode control

Boyer, Edmond

46

Energy Efficient Control of a Boosting System with Multiple Variable-Speed Pumps in Parallel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with multiple variable-speed pumps in parallel is to minimize the pump system energy consumption by controlEnergy Efficient Control of a Boosting System with Multiple Variable-Speed Pumps in Parallel Zhenyu. The experimental results show a huge potential to improve the energy efficiency of multi-pump systems using

Yang, Zhenyu

47

Special and general relativity extended to allow for a variable light speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There have been a number of papers proposing that the light speed of a homogeneous and isotropic universe is variable. This paper outlines a simple way that the vectors and tensors of special relativity can be extended to allow such a variable light speed and show how the field equation of general relativity can also be extended with particular application to such a universe.

Robert C. Fletcher

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

48

Atmospheric Circulation Effects on Wind Speed Variability at Turbine Height  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mean monthly wind speed at 70 m above ground level is investigated for 11 sites in Minnesota for the period 1995–2003. Wind speeds at these sites show significant spatial and temporal coherence, with prolonged periods of above- and below-normal ...

Katherine Klink

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Damage measurements on the NWTC direct-drive, variable-speed test bed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NWTC (National Wind Technology Center) Variable-Speed Test Bed turbine is a three-bladed, 10-meter, downwind machine that can be run in either fixed-speed or variable-speed mode. In the variable-speed mode, the generator torque is regulated, using a discrete-stepped load bank to maximize the turbine`s power coefficient. At rated power, a second control loop that uses blade pitch to maintain rotor speed essentially as before, i.e., using the load bank to maintain either generator power or (optionally) generator torque. In this paper, the authors will use this turbine to study the effect of variable-speed operation on blade damage. Using time-series data obtained from blade flap and edge strain gauges, the load spectrum for the turbine is developed using rainflow counting techniques. Miner`s rule is then used to determine the damage rates for variable-speed and fixed-speed operation. The results illustrate that the controller algorithm used with this turbine introduces relatively large load cycles into the blade that significantly reduce its service lifetime, while power production is only marginally increased.

Sutherland, H.J. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Carlin, P.W. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

50

Evaluation of Retrofit Variable-Speed Furnace Fan Motors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In conjunction with the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and Proctor Engineering Group, Ltd. (PEG), the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) has evaluated the Concept 3 (tm) replacement motors for residential furnaces. These brushless, permanent magnet (BPM) motors can use much less electricity than their PSC (permanent split capacitor) predecessors. This evaluation focuses on existing homes in the heating-dominated climate of upstate New York with the goals of characterizing field performance and cost-effectiveness. The results of this study are intended to be useful to home performance contractors, HVAC contractors, and home efficiency program stakeholders. The project includes eight homes in and near Syracuse, NY. Tests and monitoring was performed both before and after fan motors were replaced. Average fan power reductions were approximately 126 Watts during heating and 220 Watts during cooling operation. Over the course of entire heating and cooling seasons, these translated into average electric energy savings of 163 kWh. Average cost savings were $20 per year. Homes where the fan was used outside of heating and cooling mode saved an additional $42 per year on average. Results indicate that BPM replacement motors will be most cost-effective in HVAC systems with longer run times and relatively low duct static pressures. More dramatic savings are possible if occupants use the fan-only setting when there is no thermal load. There are millions of cold-climate, U.S. homes that meet these criteria, but the savings in most homes tested in this study were modest.

Aldrich, R.; Williamson, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Variable Speed Drive (VSD) Applications in Dual-Duct Constant Volume Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models have been developed for static pressure and potential supply fan energy savings by using variable speed drive (VSD) in dual-duct constant volume systems. Experiments have been performed using a full size dual-duct constant volume system...

Joo, I.; Liu, M.; Conger, K.; Wang, G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Simplified Modelling and Control of a Synchronous Machine with VariableSpeed SixStep Drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of electrical power flow in the machine. Cost is a driving factor in the design of such a system, and the power frequency than PWM as well. II. VARIABLE­SPEED ELECTRIC MACHINE DRIVES While the choice of driveSimplified Modelling and Control of a Synchronous Machine with Variable­Speed Six­Step Drive

Sanders, Seth

53

Collapse, Expansion, and a Variable Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents an information-theoretic view of how an observer within a quantum system will perceive his world. It is argued that because of the indistinguishability of quantum particles, a coherent state will appear to an observer within the system like a singularity. As superposition is lost, space appears to expand, although to the outsider it is merely the collapse of the wave function. Implications of these ideas to cosmology are considered. The superluminal expansion of space provides a basis to understand inflationary cosmologies. This expansion may be taken to be equivalent to a much faster speed of light during the inflationary period. These ideas can be tested by checking for `higher' speed of light from photons emitted by decohering atoms.

Subhash Kak

2001-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

54

Modeling and Experimental Investigation of a Variable Speed Drive Water Source Heat Pump  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate variable speed characteristics are needed for water source heat pumps (WSHP) to design variable speed controls to adjust refrigerant flow rates in heat pumps and air conditioners. The system capacity can then be regulated to match the compressor loads to the heating or cooling needs to improve the energy efficiency and lower energy costs. The motor and compression characteristics of WSHP were modeled to include the coupling between the motor speed and the torque characteristics and compression characteristics. An analytical model is given for a variable speed hermetic scroll compressor that describes various factors, such as the drive frequency, suction pressure, and discharge pressure as a function of the compressor speed. The model was validated experimentally using R22 and \\{R134a\\} in an experimental WSHP with variable speed control using frequency conversion. The results show that the analytical model properly describes the variable speed characteristics and provides a control strategy for adjusting the capacity of scroll compressors to match the heat pump or air conditioner operating conditions.

Zhifang Xue; Lin Shi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Control of a 6/4 switched reluctance motor in a variable speed pumping application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An original variable-speed pumping system was developed through integrating a power converter, switched reluctance motor (SRM), centrifugal pump, and speed control strategy. A customized power converter and speed control strategy were selected, designed, and implemented to regulate the speed of the SRM-pump system. The control strategy to regulate the speed of the SRM consisted of a digital controller made with PI and phase-lead compensators in series and, simultaneously, adjusting the advanced firing angle as a function of the desired motor speed. It was experimentally demonstrated that the inverter-SRM-pump system is a good option to drive a centrifugal pump with a relatively high efficiency at all speeds.

Horacio Vasquez; Joey Parker; Timothy Haskew

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Integral variable structure current control of DFIG-based wind turbines near cut-in speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the grid voltage orientated vector control technique, a novel integral variable structure controller for current control of variable speed doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines near cut-in wind speed is proposed. The proposed current controller can not only ensure generators' safe cut-in switches to the grid, but also maximum energy capture after switch motion without any regulations. By these, simulations of a 1.5 MW DFIG-based wind turbine near cut-in wind speed are separately conducted under integral variable structure control (IVSC) and PI control. The results show that IVSC strategy, which gives better dynamic response, less static error, smaller controller output dithering, stronger global robustness against generator parameters uncertainty and the grid voltage fluctuation, as well as needless controller regulation after cutting-in the grid, obviously preponderates over traditional PI control for DFIG-based wind turbines near cut-in speed.

Changliang Xia; Huimin Wang; Zhanfeng Song

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long- term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir Inflows on Wind Power in the Pacific through diversification. In hydroelectric dominated systems, like the PNW, the benefits of wind power can

Kohfeld, Karen

58

High-performance prediction for variable-speed switched reluctance drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work presents a simple developed nonlinear dynamic model of variable reluctance motor (VRM) based on its magnetic characteristics, considering the saturation effect. Most preliminary design work is centered on a fixed speed, or a small number of fixed speeds, even when the requirement is for operation over a wide speed range. This work deals with both constant and variable speed operation. Model development is motivated by the good performance predictions required to support and simplify the design of a high performance controller. Because the magnetization curves do not need to be pre-calculated, measured, stored, curve-fitted, or idealized the model is extremely simple, fast, and accurate. Simulation results of the phase current and torque on both chopping and single-pulse mode of operations are presented.

Ismail, F. [Cairo Univ. (Egypt); Wahsh, S.; Mohamed, A.Z. [Electronics Research Inst., Giza (Egypt)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

59

Backstepping control of DFIG generators for wide-range variable-speed wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we have presented a general study of self excited induction generator used in isolated renewable energy conversion source. Tthe behaviour of generated voltage under variable load, rotor speed and excitation capacitance is presented. Also, we have proposed a robust controller suitable in order to control the terminal DC voltage under different speed and AC load conditions for supplied an isolated DC load. The experimental characteristic curve of the generator and simulation result of proposed control scheme are presented.

Badre Bossoufi; Mohammed Karim; Ahmed Lagrioui; Mohammed Taoussi; Mohamed Larbi ElHafyani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

On Structure and History of Space-time with Variable Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply the variable speed of light into general relativity in order to solve the problems we met in the standard cosmology. We're surprised to find that, the results from the general relativity in cosmology are exactly the same as those we got from Newtonian dynamics. The relation between the Newtonian dynamics and the relativistic dynamics can be demonstrated with the variable speed of light. With this approach, some problems in the standard cosmology such as the flatness problem and the horizon problem doesn't arise any more. All the cosmological results and the physical results are reasonable and natural. There are no any difficulties in the standard cosmology.

Guoyou Huang

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Abstract--The induction motor is well known as the workhorse of industry. The development of variable speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of variable speed induction motor drives has a long history of more than four decades. Today's sophisticated--Induction motor control I. INTRODUCTION EFORE the invention of variable frequency voltage and current source inverters the induction motor was never thought as continuously variable speed drive. Only some adaptations

Paderborn, Universität

62

Analysis of Variable Speed Optimization Operation Effect of Different?type Pumps in Jiangdu Pumping Station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The following paper puts forward 45 combination schemes of different?type pumps in different daily?average heads and operation loads in Jiangdu Pumping Station. Based on every scheme the minimum electricity consumption cost selected as the objective function this paper gives the results of variable speed optimal operations with dynamic planning methods in both considering time?sharing electricity prices and not simultaneously it gives the results of fixed speed conventional operation considering time?sharing electricity prices. Then according to the unit energy consumption cost the paper gives comparison analysis of the effect of different?type pumps in variable speed optimization operation the conclusions can offer decision?making bases for optimization research of pumping stations considering time?sharing electricity prices and tide levels of Yangtze River and offer references for transformation and economical operation of large and medium?size pumping stations.

Qiu Jinxian; Cheng Jilin; Luo Jinyao; Zhang Rentian; Zhang Lihua; Gong Yi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault by Sigrid M. Bolik Institute of Energy turbine technology has undergone rapid developments. Growth in size and the optimization of wind turbines

Hansen, René Rydhof

64

Individual Pitch Control for Mitigation of Power Fluctuation of Variable Speed Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Individual Pitch Control for Mitigation of Power Fluctuation of Variable Speed Wind Turbines, China mcheng@seu.edu.cn Abstract-- Grid connected wind turbines are the sources of power fluctuations presents an individual pitch control (IPC) strategy to mitigate the wind turbine power fluctuation at both

Hu, Weihao

65

General study of the control principles and dynamic fault behaviour of variable-speed wind turbine and wind farm generic models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The interest towards generic models or sometimes also called standard models of wind turbine generators (WTGs) is significantly increasing. Mainly due to their improved power quality, better controllability and higher power extraction capability, variable-speed wind turbines driving a synchronous or an induction machine are capturing the global market. Throughout this paper, dynamic modelling and performance analysis of the generic models of the variable-speed WTGs, namely the doubly-fed induction generator and the fully-rated converter based WTGs, are achieved using integration between Matlab/Simulink and PSCAD/EMTDC simulation platforms. Later on, the performance of type-4 wind turbine driving a permanent magnet synchronous machine is analysed during fault and then compared with the case when driving a wound rotor induction machine. The differences in control principles and dynamic fault behaviour are highlighted. Afterwards, investigations on wind farm level are accomplished. A case study during which the developed generic models and the generic model of the variable-speed machine are compared is conducted. Different arrangements for the construction of the generic wind farm are considered.

Tareq Saber Abuaisha

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Abstract--This paper discusses an optimum design of an ultra high-speed permanent-magnet synchronous motor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rather than a centrifugal compressor because of limitation of the operating speed due to the low engine combustion engines. Since the electrically driven supercharger allows to employ the centrifugal compressorW for electrification of the centrifugal-compressor-based supercharger. There are various difficult technical problems

Fujimoto, Hiroshi

67

Performance Analysis of Air-Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analysis of Air- Analysis of Air- Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options Jeffrey Munk Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Acknowledgements * Tennessee Valley Authority - David Dinse * U.S. Department of Energy * Roderick Jackson * Tony Gehl * Philip Boudreaux * ZEBRAlliance 3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Overview * Electric Water Heating Options - Conventional Electric Water Heaters - Heat Pump Water Heaters * Air-Source * Ground-Source - Solar Thermal Water Heater * Variable Speed Heat Pumps - Energy Use Analysis - Measured Performance - Operational Characteristics 4 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Water Heating Options

68

Market efficiency and the long-memory of supply and demand: Is price impact variable and permanent or fixed and temporary?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Market efficiency and the long-memory of supply and demand: Is price impact variable and permanent vs. seller initiated transactions. For example, during a period where there is an excess of buyer initiated transactions, there is also more liquidity for buy orders than sell orders, so that buy orders

69

Optimal control for variable-speed wind generation systems using General Regression Neural Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An induction generator (IG) speed drive with the application of an optimal controller and a proposed General Regression Neural Network (GRNN) controller is introduced in this paper. Grid connected wind energy conversion system (WECS) present interesting control demands, due to the intrinsic nonlinear characteristic of wind mills and electric generators. The GRNN with adaptive ant colony optimization (AACO) torque compensation is feed-forward to increase the robustness of the wind driven induction generator system. An optimal control loop for the wind power system is designed. The optimality of the whole system is defined in relation with the trade-off between the wind energy conversion maximization and the minimization of the induction generator torque variation that is responsible for the frequency fluctuations. This is achieved by using a combined optimization criterion, resulting in a LQ tracking problem with an infinite horizon and a measurable exogenous variable (wind speed). The proposed controller is designed to drive the turbine speed to extract maximum power from the wind and adjust to the power regulation.

Chih-Ming Hong; Fu-Sheng Cheng; Chiung-Hsing Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Airflow regulation in variable-speed systems for residential HVAC applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the majority of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, air is the final medium for adding or extracting heat from or to the space to be air conditioned. Air is heated by passing it over a heat transfer device called a coil, which is a heat exchanger with air on the outside and the primary heating/cooling medium (water, steam, electricity, refrigerant, etc.) on the inside. One of the major factors determining heat transfer is the airflow rate, which can be controlled by mechanical means or by controlling the speed of the fan. Centrifugal fans driven by single-speed induction motors traditionally have been used in the JVAC industry but have an airflow characteristic that depends on the static pressure seen by the system. Variable-speed systems are starting to emerge as a strong alternative to traditional systems because of their ability to match the demand of the air-conditioned space, resulting in higher efficiencies and higher comfort. System efficiency can be improved by constraining the range of airflows provided by the fan or blower system in response to system pressure, that is, by controlling the airflow over the heat exchanger. This paper presents a method to regulate airflow independent of the static pressure and without the need for airflow sensors.

Becerra, R.C.; Beifus, B.L. [General Electric Co., Fort Wayne, IN (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Fixed-Speed and Variable-Slip Wind Turbines Providing Spinning Reserves to the Grid: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the level of wind penetration increases, wind turbine technology must move from merely generating power from wind to taking a role in supporting the bulk power system. Wind turbines should have the capability to provide inertial response and primary frequency (governor) response so they can support the frequency stability of the grid. To provide governor response, wind turbines should be able to generate less power than the available wind power and hold the rest in reserve, ready to be accessed as needed. This paper explores several ways to control wind turbine output to enable reserve-holding capability. This paper focuses on fixed-speed (also known as Type 1) and variable-slip (also known as Type 2) turbines.

Muljadi, E.; Singh, M.; Gevorgian, V.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Novel sensorless generator control and grid fault ride-through strategies for variable-speed wind turbines and implementation on a new real-time simulation platform.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The usage of MW-size variable-speed wind turbines as sources of energy has increased significantly during the last decade. Advantages over fixed-speed wind turbines include more… (more)

Yang, Sheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Field demonstration of optimized variable speed compressor and condenser fan control for commercial refrigeration systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The demonstration project discussed in this report consisted of two separate programs intended to examine methods of implementing variable-frequency drives (VFDs) to increase the efficiency of supermarket refrigeration racks. The first program examined the optimum control strategy for minimizing the power consumption of medium-temperature parallel compressor racks driven by VFDs. The second program, aimed at developing the optimum control strategy for variable-speed control of supermarket condenser fans.

NONE

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Variable-Speed Wind Generator System with Maximum Output Power Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To achieve maximum output power from wind generator systems, the rotational speed of wind generators should be adjusted in real time according to natural wind speed. This chapter pays attention to an optimum rota...

Yoko Amano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Comparing Two Types of Magnetically- Coupled Adjustable Speed Drives with Variable Frequency Drives in Pump and Fan Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the results from laboratory tests on MagnaDrive Corporations fixed-magnet magnetically-coupled adjustable speed drive (MC-ASD) and Coyote Electronics electromagnetic MC-ASD as compared to a typical variable frequency drive (VFD...

Anderson, K. J.; Chvala, W. D.

76

Resonant Vibrations Resulting from the Re-Engineering of a Constant-Speed 2-Bladed Turbine to a Variable-Speed 3-Bladed Turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The CART3 (Controls Advanced Research Turbine, 3-bladed) at the National Wind Technology Center has recently been converted from a 2-bladed constant speed machine to a 3-bladed variable speed machine designed specically for controls research. The purpose of this conversion was to develop an advanced controls field-testing platform which has the more typical 3-bladed configuration. A result of this conversion was the emergence of several resonant vibrations, some of which initially prevented operation of the turbine until they could be explained and resolved. In this paper, the investigations into these vibrations are presented as 'lessons-learned'. Additionally, a frequency-domain technique called waterfall plotting is discussed and its usefulness in this research is illustrated.

Fleming, P.; Wright, A. D.; Finersh, L. J.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Variable speed drive as an alternative solution for a micro-hydro power plant.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This diploma work is mainly focused on developing the control strategy for avariable speed drive as an alternative solution to a micro-hydro power plant.… (more)

Akhtar, Malik Usman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 23, NO. 2, JUNE 2008 551 Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable-Speed Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 23, NO. 2, JUNE 2008 551 Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable-Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems Brice Beltran, Tarek Ahmed-Ali, and Mohamed El Hachemi in variable-speed wind energy conversion sys- tems (VS-WECS). These systems have two operation regions de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

79

Measurable energy savings of installing variable frequency drives for cooling towers’ fans, compared to dual speed motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In recent years the building management system (BMS) controllers have been used to control the operation of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system in addition to lighting and some electrical equipment in order to save energy. In the water cooled system, the BMS controls the operation process of the cooling towers (CTs) fans of dual speed motors to maintain a constant leaving water temperature for different cooling loads and different ambient wet bulb temperature (WBT). This paper presents the effect of installing variable frequency drives (VFDs) for \\{CTs\\} fans in Kuwait during summer season on energy savings compared to dual speed control. The results have shown that with VFD mode, the reduction in water consumption was over 13% compared to the commonly used dual speed mode. More importantly, the combined power for the chillers and the \\{CTs\\} fans for the same amount of cooling produced were reduced by 5.8% in the VFD mode.

E. Al-Bassam; R. Alasseri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The VSL Discussion: What Does Variable Speed of Light Mean and Should we be Allowed to Think About ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the past years, variable speed of light (VSL) theories have been of growing interest but also a subject of controversial discussion. They have been accused both for tautologies and for violating special relativity, and concerns have been expressed about the validity of such approaches in general (e.g. Ellis, astro-ph/0703751). Without trying completeness on the issue, the example of Einstein's VSL attempts (1911) and Dicke's `electromagnetic' theory (1957) are urges to give some comments on the above criticism.

Alexander Unzicker

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Variable-speed-of-light cosmology and second law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine whether cosmologies with a varying speed of light (VSL) are compatible with the second law of thermodynamics. We find that the VSL cosmology with a varying fundamental constant is severely constrained by the second law of thermodynamics, whereas the bimetric cosmological models are less constrained.

Donam Youm

2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

82

High-Speed Optical Spectroscopy of a Cataclysmic Variable Wind: BZ Camelopardalis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BZ Cam is the first cataclysmic variable star with an accretion disk wind evident in its optical spectrum. The wind was found by Thorstensen, who discovered intermittent P Cygni profiles occurring simultaneously in He I 5876 Angstroms and H alpha. We have since obtained spectra with 0.4-Angstroms/pixel dispersion and 60-s time resolution. We find a wind much faster and more rapidly variable than the radiatively accelerated winds of OB stars, Wolf-Rayet stars, or luminous blue variables. Instead of showing blob ejection, the whole wind of BZ Cam appears to turn on and off. We use this to measure the acceleration law of a CV wind for the first time. The velocity increases linearly with time, attaining blue edge velocities near -3000 km/s, and absorption velocities near -1700 km/s, in 6 to 8 min after starting near rest. We also find a subsequent linear deceleration to nearly rest in 30 to 40 min, perhaps an effect of dilution as the wind expands. No periodicity from rotational outflow is obvious. This wind is erratic and incessantly variable, and perhaps bipolar and face-on, but not highly collimated. The P Cygni absorption events trace out sawtooth waves, occurring within 30 to 40 white dwarf radii from the disk. This is the approximate size of the disk, as well as the disk/wind transition region recently postulated by Knigge and Drew. We estimate a distance of 830 +/- 160 pc, and an orbital inclination i such that 12 < i(degrees) < 40.

F. A. Ringwald; T. Naylor

1997-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

83

Auto-Calibration and Control Strategy Determination for a Variable-Speed Heat Pump Water Heater Using Optimization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces applications of the GenOpt optimizer coupled with a vapor compression system model for auto-calibration and control strategy determination towards the development of a variable-speed ground-source heat pump water heating unit. The GenOpt optimizer can be linked with any simulation program using input and output text files. It effectively facilitates optimization runs. Using our GenOpt wrapper program, we can flexibly define objectives for optimizations, targets, and constraints. Those functionalities enable running extensive optimization cases for model calibration, configuration design and control strategy determination. In addition, we describe a methodology to improve prediction accuracy using functional calibration curves. Using the calibrated model, we investigated control strategies of the ground-source heat pump water heater, considering multiple control objectives, covering the entire operation range.

Shen, Bo [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 40, NO. 2, MARCH/APRIL 2004 565 Modeling and Control of a Variable-Speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The advantages of the proposed system are reduced harmonic injection to power grid, wide speed operation range. It can be directly applied to wind power generators, small-scale hydroelectric generators, stand Identifier 10.1109/TIA.2004.824504 Fig. 1. Traditional wind power generation systems. (a) Variable

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

85

Optimal Operation of Variable Speed Pumping System in China’s Eastern Route Project of S?to?N Water Diversion Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dynamic planning model for optimizing operation of variable speed pumping system aiming at minimum power consumption was proposed to achieve economic operation. The No. 4 Jiangdu Pumping Station a source pumping station in China’s Eastern Route of South?to?North Water Diversion Project is taken as a study case. Since the sump water level of Jiangdu Pumping Station is affected by the tide of Yangtze River the daily?average heads of the pumping system varies yearly from 3.8m to 7.8m and the tide level difference in one day up to 1.2m. Comparisons of operation electricity cost between optimized variable speed and fixed speed operations of pumping system were made. When the full load operation mode is adopted whether or not electricity prices in peak?valley periods are considered the benefits of variable speed operation cannot compensate the energy consumption of the VFD. And when the pumping system operates in part load and the peak?valley electricity prices are considered the pumping system should cease operation or lower its rotational speed in peak load hours since the electricity price are much higher and to the contrary the pumping system should raise its rotational speed in valley load hours to pump more water. The computed results show that if the pumping system operates in 80% or 60% loads the energy consumption cost of specified volume of water will save 14.01% and 26.69% averagely by means of optimal variable speed operation and the investment on VFD will be paid back in 2 or 3 years. However if the pumping system operates in 80% or 60% loads and the energy cost is calculated in non peak?valley electricity price the repayment will be lengthened up to 18 years. In China’s S?to?N Water Diversion Project when the market operation and peak?valley electricity prices are taken into effect to supply water and regulate water levels in regulation reservoirs as Hongzehu Lake Luomahu Lake etc. the economic operation of water?diversion pumping stations will be vital and the adoption of VFDs to achieve optimal operation may be a good choice.

Jilin Cheng; Lihua Zhang; Rentian Zhang; Yi Gong; Honggeng Zhu; Dongsheng Deng; Xuesong Feng; Jinxian Qiu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A fuzzy logic supervisor for active and reactive power control of a variable speed wind energy conversion system associated to a flywheel storage system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) at variable speed using a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) controlled on the rotor side through converters. A Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) is connected to the studied wind generator at the DC bus in order to evaluate its capacity to participate to the ancillary services. We study the improvement of the active and reactive power quality produced by the wind generator and its effect on the load voltage regulation connected to the wind generator. For that, a fuzzy logic supervisor is established to control the FESS operation and the DC bus voltage in order to smooth the active power fluctuations due to the random wind speed variations. A control law is also described to smooth the reactive power at the connection node to the grid.

Lilia Jerbi; Lotfi Krichen; Abderrazak Ouali

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Performance improvement of permanent magnet ac motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in selecting the switching states and finer adjustment of flux and torque. A sensorless direct torque control of five-phase permanent magnet motor is implemented. Speed information is obtained based on the position of stator flux linkages and load angle...

Parsa, Leila

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

88

Field Study of Performance, Comfort, and Sizing of Two Variable-Speed Heat Pumps Installed in a Single 2-Story Residence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the recent advancements in the application of variable-speed (VS) compressors to residential HVAC systems, opportunities are now available to size heat pumps (HPs) to more effectively meet heating and cooling loads in many of the climate zones in the US with limited use of inefficient resistance heat. This is in contrast to sizing guidance for traditional single-speed HPs that limits the ability to oversize with regard to cooling loads, because of risks of poor dehumidification during the cooling season and increased cycling losses. VS-drive HPs can often run at 30-40% of their rated cooling capacity to reduce cycling losses, and can adjust fan speed to provide better indoor humidity control. Detailed air-side performance data was collected on two VS-drive heat pumps installed in a single unoccupied research house in Knoxville, TN, a mixed-humid climate. One system provided space conditioning for the upstairs, while the other unit provided space conditioning for the downstairs. Occupancy was simulated by operating the lights, shower, appliances, other plug loads, etc. to simulate the sensible and latent loads imposed on the building space by internal electric loads and human occupants according to the Building America Research Benchmark (2008). The seasonal efficiency and energy use of the units are calculated. Annual energy use is compared to that of the single speed minimum efficiency HPs tested in the same house previously. Sizing of the units relative to the measured building load and manual J design load calculations is examined. The impact of the unit sizing with regards to indoor comfort is also evaluated.

Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Odukomaiya, Adewale O [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Sizing High Speed Micro Generators for Smart Grid Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents a step by step sizing procedure of High Speed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generators (HSPMSGs) for smart grid applications to be driven by micro-turbines....

Adel El Shahat; Ali Keyhani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Very High Fuel Economy, Heavy Duty, Constant Speed, Truck Engine Optimized Via Unique Energy Recovery Turbines and Facilitated High Efficiency Continuously Variable Drivetrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project began under a corporative agreement between Mack Trucks, Inc and the Department of Energy starting from September 1, 2005. The major objective of the four year project is to demonstrate a 10% efficiency gain by operating a Volvo 13 Litre heavy-duty diesel engine at a constant or narrow speed and coupled to a continuously variable transmission. The simulation work on the Constant Speed Engine started on October 1st. The initial simulations are aimed to give a basic engine model for the VTEC vehicle simulations. Compressor and turbine maps are based upon existing maps and/or qualified, realistic estimations. The reference engine is a MD 13 US07 475 Hp. Phase I was completed in May 2006 which determined that an increase in fuel efficiency for the engine of 10.5% over the OICA cycle, and 8.2% over a road cycle was possible. The net increase in fuel efficiency would be 5% when coupled to a CVT and operated over simulated highway conditions. In Phase II an economic analysis was performed on the engine with turbocompound (TC) and a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). The system was analyzed to determine the payback time needed for the added cost of the TC and CVT system. The analysis was performed by considering two different production scenarios of 10,000 and 60,000 units annually. The cost estimate includes the turbocharger, the turbocompound unit, the interstage duct diffuser and installation details, the modifications necessary on the engine and the CVT. Even with the cheapest fuel and the lowest improvement, the pay back time is only slightly more than 12 months. A gear train is necessary between the engine crankshaft and turbocompound unit. This is considered to be relatively straight forward with no design problems.

Bahman Habibzadeh

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

The InterHourly-Variability (IHV) Index of Geomagnetic Activity and its Use in Deriving the Long-term Variation of Solar Wind Speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the derivation of the InterHourly Variability (IHV) index of geomagnetic activity. The IHV-index for a geomagnetic element is mechanically derived from hourly values as the sum of the unsigned differences between adjacent hours over a seven-hour interval centered on local midnight. The index is derived separately for stations in both hemispheres within six longitude sectors using only local night hours. It is intended as a long-term index. Available data allows derivation of the index back well into the 19th century. On a time scale of a 27-day Bartels rotation, IHV averages for stations with corrected geomagnetic latitude less than 55 degrees are strongly correlated with midlatitude range indices. Assuming a constant calibration of the aa-index we find that observed yearly values of aa before the year 1957 are 2.9 nT too small compared to values calculated from IHV using the regression constants based on 1980-2004. We interpret this discrepancy as an indication that the calibration of the aa index is in error before 1957. There is no such problem with the ap index. Rotation averages of IHV are also strongly correlated with solar wind parameters (BV^2). On a time scale of a year combining the IHV-index and the recently-developed Inter-Diurnal Variability (IDV) index (giving B) allows determination of solar wind speed, V, from 1890-present. Over the ~120-year series, the yearly mean solar wind speed varied from a low of 303 km/s in 1902 to a high value of 545 km/s in 2003. The calculated yearly values of the product BV using B and V separately derived from IDV and IHV agree quantitatively with (completely independent) BV derived from the amplitude of the diurnal variation of the H component in the polar caps since 1926 and sporadically beyond.

Leif Svalgaard; Edward W. Cliver

2007-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Replacement, Variable-Speed Motors for Furnaces, Syracuse, New York, (Fact Sheet)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In this project, the CARB team tested the Concept 3 replacement motors for residential furnaces in eight homes in and near Syracuse, New York, to test how these brushless, permanent magnet motors can use much less electricity than their permanent split capacitor predecessors.

93

Cryogenic permanent magnet undulators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to obtain high magnetic fields in a short period undulator, superconductive undulators have been actively investigated in recent years. In this paper, however, we propose a new approach, the cryogenic permanent magnet undulator (CPMU) design, using permanent magnets at the cryogenic temperature of liquid nitrogen or higher. This cryogenic scheme can be easily adapted to currently existing in-vacuum undulators and it improves the magnetic field performance by 30%–50%. Unlike superconductive undulators operating around the liquid helium temperature, there is no big technological difficulty such as the thermal budget problem. In addition, existing field correction techniques are applicable to the CPMUs. Since there is no quench in the CPMUs, the operation of the CPMUs has the same reliability as conventional permanent magnet undulators.

Toru Hara; Takashi Tanaka; Hideo Kitamura; Teruhiko Bizen; Xavier Maréchal; Takamitsu Seike; Tsutomu Kohda; Yutaka Matsuura

2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

94

Permanent Markers Implementation Plan  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

WIPP 04-3302 WIPP 04-3302 Permanent Markers Implementation Plan August 19, 2004 United States Department of Energy Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Carlsbad Field Office Carlsbad, New Mexico DOE/WIPP 04-3302 ii Permanent Markers Implementation Plan Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Carlsbad, New Mexico August 19, 2004 Prepared for: Washington Regulatory and Environmental Services an affiliate of Washington TRU Solutions, LLC P.O. Box 2078 Carlsbad, New Mexico 88221 Prepared by: John Hart and Associates, P.A. 2815 Candelaria Road, N.W. Albuquerque, New Mexico 87107 (505) 344-7868 DOE/WIPP 04-3302 iii Table of Contents Table of Contents.................................................................................................

95

Permanent magnet steam generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a system for magnetic heating of a fluid by motor rotation of a permanent magnet rotor adjacent an assembly of ferro-magnetic condensing plate and of copper heat absorber plate with protrusions through the ferro-magnetic condensing plate into an enclosure with the fluid therein and having fluid inlet and fluid outlet. The assembly has a first shaft and a second shaft coaxially spaced therefrom, a respective the motor connected to the outer end of each shaft, and a respective the permanent magnet rotor connected to the inner end of each shaft, adjacent a the heat absorber plate. The improvement described here comprises: the enclosure including a steel boiler with a first the ferro-magnetic condensing plate closing off a first end thereof and a second the ferro-magnetic condensing plate closing off a second end thereof, a the copper heat absorbing plate affixed on each ferro-magnetic plate; means, free of pockets, for promoting turbulent flow of the fluid with uniformly good heat transfer including the protrusion being a plurality of heat sinks, each heat sink of the plurality of heat sinks comprising an integral elongate member with an alternately large diameter and smaller diameter portions regularly spaced therealong. The elongate members through the first the ferro-magnetic condensing plate are coaxially aligned with the elongate members through the second the ferro-magnetic condensing plate.

Gerard, F.; Gerard, F.J.

1986-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

96

COMPARAISON DES PERFORMANCES DE DEUX MOTEURS LECTRIQUES AUTOPILOTS : LE MOTEUR SYNCHRONE AIMANTS PERMANENTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SELF COMMUTATED ELECTRIC MOTORS : THE PERMANENT MAGNET BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR THE SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTOR synchronous brushless motors. These motors are, on one hand, the permanent-magnet brushless DC motor supplied, on the other hand, the doubly salient reluctance motor fed by quasi-square currents at low speed, and by full

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

97

Peak Power Bi-directional Transfer From High Speed Flywheel to Electrical Regulated Bus Voltage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were performed to determine the energy transfer capabilities of a flywheel coupled high speed permanent magnet synchronous machine through the proposed system's energy storage tank. Results are presented

Szabados, Barna

98

Are Permanent Magnets Really Permanent? | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2012.07.13 Chief Scientist Jim Bray describes how permanent magnets in motors and generators may lose force over time. 0 Comments Comment Name Email Submit Comment You Might...

99

Measured speed versus true speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The theoretical predictions, derived from the Lorentz and the Tangherlini transformations, for the one-way speed of any physical entity are confronted with the corresponding expressions for the one-way measured speed obtained from a gedanken experiment. The experiment demonstrates that, for an inertial frame $K'$ in motion relative to an inertial frame $K$ where the one-way speed of light is isotropic, even the special theory of relativity renders the one-way speed of light as function of the velocity of $K'$ in agreement with the Tangherlini transformations. However, the two-way speed of light remains constant for all inertial frames, in agreement with the two-way experimental techniques. This implies that there must exist \\emph{one and only one} inertial frame where the one-way speed of light is isotropic. These investigations also show how we can determine, with certain restrictions, the true speed of a physical entity and of the true speed of $K'$ relative to $K$.

Israel Perez

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

Telecommunications Audio Conference 800 # (Permanent)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Telecommunications Audio Conference 800 # (Permanent) 1. Fax completed form to 979.847.1111. 2 Signature Date Service Date Desired Telecommunications Office Use Only 800 # Conference Number Toll Number

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Economical Aspects of Adjustable Speed Drives in Pumping Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Speed variations of pumps have become increasingly popular as the technology to produce variable frequency drives has progressed. Variable speed drives have many advantages compared to throttle valves when it comes to regulation of flow. They offer...

Hovstadius, G.

102

An improved efficiency of fuzzy sliding mode control of permanent magnet synchronous motor for wind turbine generator pumping system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis by which the dynamic performances of a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) motor is controlled through a hysteresis current loop and an outer speed loop with different contro...

F. Benchabane; A. Titaouine; O. Bennis; A. Guettaf; K. Yahia…

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Magnetically Coupled Adjustable Speed Motor Drives  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Alternating current electric motors rotate at a nearly constant speed that is determined by motor design and line frequency. Energy savings of 50% or more may be available when fixed speed systems are modified to allow the motor speed to match variable load requirements of a centrifugal fan or pump. This tip sheet describes the advantages of magnetically coupled ASDs and provides suggested actions.

104

Adjustable Speed Drive Part-Load Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An adjustable speed drive (ASD) is a device that controls the rotational speed of motor-driven equipment. Variable frequency drives (VFDs), the most common type of ASDs, efficiently meet varying process requirements by adjusting the frequency and voltage of the power supplied to an AC motor to enable it to operate over a wide speed range. External sensors monitor flow, liquid levels, or pressure and then transmit a signal to a controller that adjusts the frequency and speed to match process requirements.

105

Operational behavior of a double-fed permanent magnet generator for wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greater efficiency in wind turbine systems is achieved by allowing the rotor to change its rate of rotation as the wind speed changes. The wind turbine system is decoupled from the utility grid and a variable speed operation ...

Reddy, Sivananda Kumjula

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Reading with fixed and variable character pitch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compared the effects of fixed and variable (proportional) spacing on reading speeds and found variable pitch to yield better performance at medium and large character sizes and...

Arditi, Aries; Knoblauch, Kenneth; Grunwald, Ilana

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

MagLab - MagLab Dictionary: Permanent Magnet (Transcript)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

by Scott Hannahs, DC Facilities & Instrumentation director. Permanent magnet Field lines of a permanent magnet go from north to south. Permanent magnets are materials where...

108

ARE660 Wind Generator: Low Wind Speed Technology for Small Turbine Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is for the design of a wind turbine that can generate most or all of the net energy required for homes and small businesses in moderately windy areas. The purpose is to expand the current market for residential wind generators by providing cost effective power in a lower wind regime than current technology has made available, as well as reduce noise and improve reliability and safety. Robert W. Preus’ experience designing and/or maintaining residential wind generators of many configurations helped identify the need for an improved experience of safety for the consumer. Current small wind products have unreliable or no method of stopping the wind generator in fault or high wind conditions. Consumers and their neighbors do not want to hear their wind generators. In addition, with current technology, only sites with unusually high wind speeds provide payback times that are acceptable for the on-grid user. Abundant Renewable Energy’s (ARE) basic original concept for the ARE660 was a combination of a stall controlled variable speed small wind generator and automatic fail safe furling for shutdown. The stall control for a small wind generator is not novel, but has not been developed for a variable speed application with a permanent magnet alternator (PMA). The fail safe furling approach for shutdown has not been used to our knowledge.

Robert W. Preus; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

109

Method of making permanent magnets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for making an isotropic permanent magnet comprises atomizing a melt of a rare earth-transition metal alloy (e.g., an Nd--Fe--B alloy enriched in Nd and B) under conditions to produce protectively coated, rapidly solidified, generally spherical alloy particles. Wherein a majority of the particles are produced/size classified within a given size fraction (e.g., 5 to 40 microns diameter) exhibiting optimum as-atomized magnetic properties and subjecting the particles to concurrent elevated temperature and elevated isotropic pressure for a time effective to yield a densified, magnetically isotropic magnet compact having enhanced magnetic properties and mechanical properties. 13 figures.

McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

1993-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains Wilhelm Peters, Tobias Huber, Joachim Böcker Power Electronics and Electrical Drives, Paderborn automotive traction drives are a wide speed range, a wide constant-power operation range and high efficiency

Paderborn, Universität

111

VARIABLE SPEED INTEGRATED INTELLIGENT HVAC BLOWER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This comprehensive topical report discusses the key findings in the development of an advanced blower for HVAC applications. The benefits of rearward inclined blades over that of traditional forward inclined blades is well documented, and several prototype wheels are demonstrated in various housings. A comparison of retrofitted blowers to that of three typical units from the industry is presented. The design and modification of the blower housing is addressed and the impact of size limitations on static efficiency is discussed. The roadmap to rearward-inclined wheel technology insertion is presented and typical static efficiency gains are documented.

Herman Wiegman; Charlie Stephens; Xiaoyue Liu; Ralph Carl; Sunny Zhuang; Paul Szczesny; Kamron Wright

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

112

Design Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind is characterized by various different parameters. They include the following items: (1) wind speed, such as the mean wind speed and maximum instantaneous wind speed; (2) wind direction such as the azimuth di...

Yozo Fujino; Kichiro Kimura; Hiroshi Tanaka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Permanent magnet multipole with adjustable strength  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Two or more magnetically soft pole pieces are symmetrically positioned along a longitudinal axis to provide a magnetic field within a space defined by the pole pieces. Two or more permanent magnets are mounted to an external magnetically-soft cylindrical sleeve which rotates to bring the permanent magnets into closer coupling with the pole pieces and thereby adjustably control the field strength of the magnetic field produced in the space defined by the pole pieces. The permanent magnets are preferably formed of rare earth cobalt (REC) material which has a high remanent magnetic field and a strong coercive force. The pole pieces and the permanent magnets have corresponding cylindrical surfaces which are positionable with respect to each other to vary the coupling therebetween. Auxiliary permanent magnets are provided between the pole pieces to provide additional magnetic flux to the magnetic field without saturating the pole pieces.

Halbach, Klaus (Berkeley, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Gating of Permanent Molds for ALuminum Casting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes a two-year project, DE-FC07-01ID13983 that concerns the gating of aluminum castings in permanent molds. The main goal of the project is to improve the quality of aluminum castings produced in permanent molds. The approach taken was determine how the vertical type gating systems used for permanent mold castings can be designed to fill the mold cavity with a minimum of damage to the quality of the resulting casting. It is evident that somewhat different systems are preferred for different shapes and sizes of aluminum castings. The main problems caused by improper gating are entrained aluminum oxide films and entrapped gas. The project highlights the characteristic features of gating systems used in permanent mold aluminum foundries and recommends gating procedures designed to avoid common defects. The study also provides direct evidence on the filling pattern and heat flow behavior in permanent mold castings.

David Schwam; John F. Wallace; Tom Engle; Qingming Chang

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

115

Permanent-magnet multipole with adjustable strength  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Two or more magnetically soft pole pieces are symmetrically positioned along a longitudinal axis to provide a magnetic field within a space defined by the pole pieces. Two or more permanent magnets are mounted to an external magnetically-soft cylindrical sleeve which rotates to bring the permanent magnets into closer coupling with the pole pieces and thereby adjustably control the field strength of the magnetic field produced in the space defined by the pole pieces. The permanent magnets are preferably formed of rare earth cobalt (REC) material which has a high remanent magnetic field and a strong coercive force. The pole pieces and the permanent magnets have corresponding cylindrical surfaces which are positionable with respect to each other to vary the coupling there between. Auxiliary permanent magnets are provided between the pole pieces to provide additional magnetic flux to the magnetic field without saturating the pole pieces.

Halbach, K.

1982-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

116

Adjustable Speed Drive Study, Part 2.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advances in speed control for motors in recent years, notably those in power electronics, have widened the range of application for several adjustable speed drive (ASD) types to include the smaller horsepower sizes. The DC motor drive, formerly in almost universal use for speed control, is being challenged by the high efficiency induction motor/pulse width modulation (PWM) drive; and for special small horsepower size applications, by the permanent magnet motor/PWM inverter drive or by the switched reluctance motor drive. The main characteristics of the several ASD types suitable for small horsepower size applications are discussed, as well as their unwanted side effects: poor power factor, harmonic distortion of the supply, acoustic noise, and electromagnetic interference. A procedure is recommended for determining which, if any, ASD to use.

Wallace, Alan K.; Oregon State University. Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Adjustable Speed Drive Study, Part 1.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advances in speed control for motors in recent years, notably those in power electronics, have widened the range of application for several adjustable speed drive (ASD) types to include the smaller horsepower sizes. The dc motor drive, formerly in almost universal use for speed control, is being challenged by the high efficiency induction motor/pulse width modulation (PWM) drive; and for special small horsepower size applications, by the permanent magnet motor/PWM inverter drive or by the switched reluctance motor drive. The main characteristics of the several ASD types suitable for small horsepower size applications are discussed, as well as their unwanted side effects: poor power factor, harmonic distortion of the supply, acoustic noise, and electromagnetic interference. A procedure is recommended for determining which, if any, ASD to use. 31 figs., 6 tabs.

Wallace, Alan K.; Oregon State University. Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Performance Variability  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Variability Variability of Highly Parallel Architectures William T.C. Kramer 1 and Clint Ryan 2 1 Department of Computing Sciences, University of California at Berkeley and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 2 Department of Computing Sciences, University of California at Berkeley Abstract. The design and evaluation of high performance computers has concentrated on increasing computational speed for applications. This performance is often measured on a well configured dedicated sys- tem to show the best case. In the real environment, resources are not always dedicated to a single task, and systems run tasks that may influ- ence each other, so run times vary, sometimes to an unreasonably large extent. This paper explores the amount of variation seen across four large distributed memory systems in a systematic manner. It then

119

Calibration of the Merrill-G.A.L.C.I.T. wind-tunnel, and a suggestion for a variable cross-section on a small high-speed wind-tunnel.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Speed, power and flow inclination calibration tests run in the Merrill-GALCIT wind-tunnel are described and results presented. A description of the new balance-system is included.… (more)

Schwarzenbach, Jean Christophe

1942-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

A Novel Current Angle Control Scheme in a Current Source Inverter Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel speed control scheme to operate a current source inverter (CSI) driven surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous machine (SPMSM) for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) applications. The idea is to use the angle of the current vector to regulate the rotor speed while keeping the two dc-dc converter power switches on all the time to boost system efficiency. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme was verified with a 3 kW CSI-SPMSM drive prototype.

Tang, Lixin [ORNL] [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Novel Flux Coupling Machine without Permanent Magnets - U Machine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Novel Flux Coupling Machine without Permanent Magnets - U Machine Novel Flux Coupling Machine without Permanent Magnets - U Machine 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle...

122

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Audio Dictionary: Permanent...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Permanent Magnet? Now Playing: What's a Permanent Magnet? Enable Javascript and Flash to stream the Magnet Minute Scott Hannahs Associated Links Magnets from Mini to Mighty Meet...

123

Permanent magnet edge-field quadrupole  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Planar permanent magnet edge-field quadrupoles for use in particle accelerating machines and in insertion devices designed to generate spontaneous or coherent radiation from moving charged particles are disclosed. The invention comprises four magnetized rectangular pieces of permanent magnet material with substantially similar dimensions arranged into two planar arrays situated to generate a field with a substantially dominant quadrupole component in regions close to the device axis. 10 figs.

Tatchyn, R.O.

1997-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

124

Abstract--In this paper, the performances of a hybrid ex-citation flux switching permanent magnets synchronous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High efficiency, high power factor, high Tor- que/Volume ratio, high torque and speed operating points solution [3] while it combines the advantages of the permanent magnets machines and wound rotor synchronous iron parts, classical armature wind- ings and additional DC excitation coils situated above

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

125

Constant Speed for Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synduction motor combines constant speed of synchronous motor with ruggedness of induction motor ... CONVENTIONAL SYNCHRONOUS ELECTRIC MOTORS operate at constant speed, regardless of load and voltage—frequency is the determining factor. ...

1956-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

126

Adjustable Speed Pumping Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet provides practical tips on the application of adjustable speed drives in industrial pumping systems.

127

Cylindrical Hall Thrusters with Permanent Magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of permanent magnets instead of electromagnet coils for low power Hall thrusters can offer a significant reduction of both the total electric power consumption and the thruster mass. Two permanent magnet versions of the miniaturized cylindrical Hall thruster (CHT) of different overall dimensions were operated in the power range of 50W-300 W. The discharge and plasma plume measurements revealed that the CHT thrusters with permanent magnets and electromagnet coils operate rather differently. In particular, the angular ion current density distribution from the permanent magnet thrusters has an unusual halo shape, with a majority of high energy ions flowing at large angles with respect to the thruster centerline. Differences in the magnetic field topology outside the thruster channel and in the vicinity of the channel exit are likely responsible for the differences in the plume characteristics measured for the CHTs with electromagnets and permanent magnets. It is shown that the presence of the reversing-direction or cusp-type magnetic field configuration inside the thruster channel without a strong axial magnetic field outside the thruster channel does not lead to the halo plasma plume from the CHT. __________________________________________________

Yevgeny Raitses, Enrique Merino and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

128

economic means to permanently store CO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

economic means to permanently store CO economic means to permanently store CO 2 in unmineable coal seams. Prior to the injection, horizontal coalbed methane (CBM) wells were drilled approximately 1,200 to 1,800 feet underground in a five-spot pattern over a 200-acre area in the unmineable Upper Freeport coal seam. As part of this $13 million field trial, which is being conducted under the collaboration of the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), West Virginia University, and CONSOL Energy, Inc., CO 2 will be injected at a pressure of up to 700 pounds per square inch (psi)

129

Effectiveness of speed trailers on low-speed urban roadways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

documents the effectiveness of speed trailers for reducing speeds on low-speed urban roadways. At each test site, vehicle speeds were collected at upstream, trailer, and downstream locations using piezoelectric sensors. Vehicles were "tracked" along...

Perrillo, Kerry Victoria

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

130

Novel Flux Coupling Machine without Permanent Magnets  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

optimization through the use of an excitation field. * Developed an analytical MATLAB program to provide performance versus speed curves under the voltage and current...

131

Permanent isolation surface barrier development plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The exhumation and treatment of wastes may not always be the preferred alternative in the remediation of a waste site. In-place disposal alternatives, under certain circumstances, may be the most desirable alternatives to use in the protection of human health and the environment. The implementation of an in-place disposal alternative will likely require some type of protective covering that will provide long-term isolation of the wastes from the accessible environment. Even if the wastes are exhumed and treated, a long-term barrier may still be needed to adequately dispose of the treated wastes or any remaining waste residuals. Currently, no {open_quotes}proven{close_quotes} long-term barrier is available. The Hanford Site Permanent Isolation Surface Barrier Development Program (BDP) was organized to develop the technology needed to provide a long-term surface barrier capability for the Hanford Site. The permanent isolation barrier technology also could be used at other sites. Permanent isolation barriers use engineered layers of natural materials to create an integrated structure with redundant protective features. Drawings of conceptual permanent isolation surface barriers are shown. The natural construction materials (e.g., fine soil, sand, gravel, riprap, asphalt) have been selected to optimize barrier performance and longevity. The objective of current designs is to use natural materials to develop a maintenance-free permanent isolation surface barrier that isolates wastes for a minimum of 1,000 years by limiting water drainage to near-zero amounts; reducing the likelihood of plant, animal, and human intrusion; controlling the exhalation of noxious gases; and minimizing erosion-related problems.

Wing, N.R.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, &  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Guidance Memorandum #23 DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes This document provides assistance in determining whether a new position should be designated as permanent or nonpermanent (temporary), to provide examples of the various types of appointments and personnel actions that can be used with position determinations, and to define the associated Corporate Human Resource Information System (CHRIS) position codes. Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov

133

DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, &  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Guidance Memorandum #23 DOE Guidance - Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes This document provides assistance in determining whether a new position should be designated as permanent or nonpermanent (temporary), to provide examples of the various types of appointments and personnel actions that can be used with position determinations, and to define the associated Corporate Human Resource Information System (CHRIS) position codes. Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov

134

When Do Commercial Reactors Permanently Shut Down?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

For those wishing to obtain current data, the following resources are available: U.S. reactors, go to the Energy Information Administration's nuclear reactor shutdown list. (Note: As of April 30, 2010, the last U.S. reactor to permanently shut down was Big Rock Point in 1997.) Foreign Reactors, go to the Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) on the International Atomic Energy Agency's website.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Permanent-Magnet Adjustable-Speed Motors John S . Hsu (Htsui...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Scudiere, Laura D. Marlino, Donald J. Adams, Pragasen Pillay Senior Member Senior Member Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, TN 37831-7280 P.O. BOX 2003, K-1220, MS 7280...

136

Full Hybrid: Low Speed  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

highlighted Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button LOW SPEED For initial acceleration and slow-speed driving, as well as reverse, the electric motor uses electricity from the battery to power the vehicle. If the battery needs to be recharged, the generator starts the engine and converts energy from the engine into electricity, which is stored in the battery. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is moving at a low speed. There are arrows flowing from the battery to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is moving at a low speed. There are arrows flowing from the battery to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels.

137

Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Place Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China Sector Wind energy Product A China-based mining company for rare earth metals used in wind power generators. References Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd is a company located in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China . References ↑ "Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Jiangxi_Jinli_Permanent_Magnet_Technology_Co_Ltd&oldid=347439

138

Effects on speed and safety of point-to-point speed enforcement systems: Evaluation on the urban motorway A56 Tangenziale di Napoli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we evaluated the effects on speed and safety of the point-to-point (P2P) speed enforcement system activated on the urban motorway A56 in Italy. The P2P speed enforcement is a relatively new approach to traffic law enforcement that involves the calculation of the average speed over a section. To evaluate the speed effects, we performed a before–after analysis of speed data investigating also effects on non-compliance to speed limits. To evaluate the safety effects, we carried out an empirical Bayes observational before-and-after study. The P2P system led to very positive effects on both speed and safety. As far as the effects on the section average travel speeds, the system yielded to a reduction in the mean speed, the 85th percentile speed, the standard deviation of speed, and the proportion of drivers exceeding the speed limits, exceeding the speed limits more than 10 km/h, and exceeding the speed limits more than 20 km/h. The best results were the decrease of the speed variability and the reduction of the excessive speeding behaviour. The decrease in the standard deviation of speed was 26% while the proportion of light and heavy vehicles exceeding the speed limits more than 20 km/h was reduced respectively by 84 and 77%. As far as the safety effects, the P2P system yielded to a 32% reduction in the total crashes, with a lower 95% confidence limit of the estimate equal to 22%. The greatest crash reductions were in rainy weather (57%), on wet pavement (51%), on curves (49%), for single vehicle crashes (44%), and for injury crashes (37%). It is noteworthy that the system produced a statistically significant reduction of 21% in total crashes also in the part of the motorway where it was not activated, thus generating a significant spillover effect. The investigation of the effects of the P2P system on speed and safety over time allowed to develop crash modification functions where the relationship between crash modification factors and speed parameters (mean speed, 85th percentile speed, and standard deviation of speed) was expressed by a power function. Crash modification functions show that the effect of speed on safety is greater on curves and for injury crashes. Even though the study results show excellent outcomes, we must point out that the crash reduction effects decreased over time and speed, speed variability, and non-compliance to speed limits significantly increased over time. To maintain its effectiveness over time, P2P speed enforcement must be actively managed, i.e. constantly monitored and supported by appropriate sanctions.

Alfonso Montella; Lella Liana Imbriani; Vittorio Marzano; Filomena Mauriello

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Effect of Side Permanent Magnets for Reluctance Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A traditional electric machine uses two dimensional magnetic flux paths in its rotor. This paper presents the development work on the utilization of the third dimension of a rotor. As an example, the air gap flux of a radial gap interior permanent magnet motor can be significantly enhanced by additional permanent magnets (PM) mounted at the sides of the rotor. A prototype motor built with this concept provided higher efficiency and required a shorter stator core length for the same power output as the Toyota/Prius traction drive motor.

Hsu, John S [ORNL; Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Wiles, Randy H [ORNL; Coomer, Chester [ORNL; Lowe, Kirk T [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Strong permanent magnet-assisted electromagnetic undulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention discloses an improved undulator comprising a plurality of electromagnet poles located along opposite sides of a particle beam axis with alternate north and south poles on each side of the beam to cause the beam to wiggle or undulate as it travels generally along the beam axis and permanent magnets spaced adjacent the electromagnetic poles on each side of the axis of said particle beam in an orientation sufficient to reduce the saturation of the electromagnet poles whereby the field strength of the electromagnet poles can be increased beyond the normal saturation levels of the electromagnetic poles.

Halbach, Klaus (Berkeley, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

High-Speed Optical Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The large surveys and sensitive instruments of modern astronomy are turning ever more examples of variable objects, many of which are extending the parameter space to testing theories of stellar evolution and accretion. Future projects such as the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will only add more challenging candidates to this list. Understanding such objects often requires fast spectroscopy, but the trend for ever larger detectors makes this difficult. In this contribution I outline the science made possible by high-speed spectroscopy, and consider how a combination of the well-known progress in computer technology combined with recent advances in CCD detectors may finally enable it to become a standard tool of astrophysics.

T. R. Marsh

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

142

Unsteady effects in dense, high speed, particle laden flows J.D. Regele a,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

t Dense high speed non-compacted multiphase flows exist in variable phase turbines, explosions, and ejec multiphase flows can be found in a variety of practical applications such as variable phase turbines

Dabiri, John O.

143

Combination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grinding with Regard to Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Combination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grindinghow the combination of speed stroke grinding and high speed4] Inasaki, I. , 1988, Speed Stroke Grinding of Advanced

Linke, Barbara; M. Duscha; F. Klocke; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Counterrotating brushless dc permanent magnet motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An brushless DC permanent magnet motor is provided for driving an autonomous underwater vehicle. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators disposed in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators being axially spaced and each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil; and a first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore therein in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shAfts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs and rotors mounted no opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, R.A.; Bailey, J.M.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

Counterrotating brushless dc permanent magnet motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An brushless DC permanent magnet motor is provided for driving an autonomous underwater vehicle. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators disposed in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators being axially spaced and each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil; and a first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore therein in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shAfts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs and rotors mounted no opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, R.A.; Bailey, J.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Variable Frequency Pump Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-frequency electric motor drive. What is happenin9 with variable frequency driven pun,ps is a classical illustration that evolution in technical products takes place not only because of changes in the processes served by these products, or because of innovations...-pole 3550 rpm squirrel caqe induction motor became available in the early 1930s that high pressure pumps operating at that speed could be buil t. And now, in the 1980s, the development of the solid-state, variable frequency electric motor drive...

Karassik, I. J.; Petraccaro, L. L.; McGuire, J. T.

147

Chapter 18: Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An adjustable-speed drive (ASD) includes all devices that vary the speed of a rotating load, including those that vary the motor speed and linkage devices that allow constant motor speed while varying the load speed. The Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol presented here addresses evaluation issues for variable-frequency drives (VFDs) installed on commercial and industrial motor-driven centrifugal fans and pumps for which torque varies with speed. Constant torque load applications, such as those for positive displacement pumps, are not covered by this protocol. Other ASD devices, such as magnetic drive, eddy current drives, variable belt sheave drives, or direct current motor variable voltage drives, are also not addressed. The VFD is by far the most common type of ASD hardware. With VFD speed control on a centrifugal fan or pump motor, energy use follows the affinity laws, which state that the motor electricity demand is a cubic relationship to speed under ideal conditions. Therefore, if the motor runs at 75% speed, the motor demand will ideally be reduced to 42% of full load power; however, with other losses it is about 49% of full load power.

Romberger, J.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

High Temperature, Permanent Magnet Biased Magnetic Bearings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance, high speed and high temperature applications like space vehicles, jet engines and deep sea equipment. The bearing system had a target design to carry a load equal to 500 lb-f (2225N). Another objective was to design and build a test rig fixture...

Gandhi, Varun R.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

149

Wind speed estimation using multilayer perceptron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind speed knowledge is prerequisite in the siting of wind turbines. In consequence the wind energy use requires meticulous and specified knowledge of the wind characteristics at a location. This paper presents a method for determining the annual average wind speed at a complex terrain site by using neural networks, when only short term data are available for that site. This information is useful for preliminary calculations of the wind resource at a remote area having only a short time period of wind measurements measurement in a site. Artificial neural networks are useful for implementing non-linear process variables over time, and therefore are a useful tool for estimating the wind speed. The neural network used is multilayer perceptron with three layers and the supervised learning algorithm used is backpropagation. The inputs used in the neural network were wind speed and direction data from a single station, and the training patterns used correspond to sixty days data. The results obtained by simulating the annual average wind speed at the selected site based on data from nearby stations with correlation coefficients above 0.5 were satisfactory, compared with actual values. Reliable estimations were obtained, with errors below 6%.

Ramón Velo; Paz López; Francisco Maseda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Analysis of Mechanically Milled Exchange Coupled Nanocomposite Permanent Magnets.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Nanocomposite permanent magnets have recently evoked wide interest because of their interesting properties. They usually consist of a hard magnetic phase having superior coercivities and… (more)

Mukherjee, Santanu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A New Class of Switched Reluctance Motors without Permanent Magnets...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A New Class of Switched Reluctance Motors without Permanent Magnets A Segmented Drive Inverter Topology with a Small DC Bus Capacitor A Segmented Drive Inverter Topology with a...

152

Electromagnetic Analysis of Rotating Permanent Magnet Exciters for Hydroelectric Generators.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this project is to analyse different design possibilities for a rotating permanent magnet exciter for a hydroelectric generator. This is done through… (more)

Nöland, Jonas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

NNSA Supports Permanent Threat Reduction in Ukraine through Alternativ...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

terrorism around the world. Converting or replacing isotopic devices with non-isotopic alternative technology achieves permanent threat reduction by decreasing the availability...

154

Maximum power point tracking of permanent magnet wind turbines equipped with direct matrix converter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel control method for Maximum Power Point Tracking of wind turbines (WTs) equipped with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) and a Direct Matrix Converter (DMC). The method calculates the optimum wind turbine speed and maximizes the extracted power from wind turbine. This is done by Hill Climb Search method which is simple and does not need to know the generator parameters and no need to solve the complicated differential equations of generator. WT rotor speed is compared with its optimal value and then DMC controls WT until its rotor speed reaches its optimum value. Under this situation maximum power is extracted from WT and is injected to the grid with unity power factor. It is implemented by controlling the phase and the amplitude of the DMC output voltage by Venturini switching method. Simulations are done on a 2?MW PMSG WT in MATLAB/SIMULINK to obtain the results the wind speed was varied both using the Van Der Hoven method and changing the wind step. The obtained results verify the accuracy and simplicity of proposed method.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Variable-Period Undulators for Synchrotron Radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new and improved undulator design is provided that enables a variable period length for the production of synchrotron radiation from both medium-energy and high energy storage rings. The variable period length is achieved using a staggered array of pole pieces made up of high permeability material, permanent magnet material, or an electromagnetic structure. The pole pieces are separated by a variable width space. The sum of the variable width space and the pole width would therefore define the period of the undulator. Features and advantages of the invention include broad photon energy tunability, constant power operation and constant brilliance operation.

Shenoy, Gopal; Lewellen, John; Shu, Deming; Vinokurov, Nikolai

2005-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

156

ULTRASPEC: a high-speed imaging photometer on the 2.4-m Thai National Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ULTRASPEC is a high-speed imaging photometer mounted permanently at one of the Nasmyth focii of the 2.4-m Thai National Telescope (TNT) on Doi Inthanon, Thailand's highest mountain. ULTRASPEC employs a 1024x1024 pixel frame-transfer, electron-multiplying CCD (EMCCD) in conjunction with re-imaging optics to image a field of 7.7'x7.7' at (windowed) frame rates of up to ~200 Hz. The EMCCD has two outputs - a normal output that provides a readout noise of 2.3 e- and an avalanche output that can provide essentially zero readout noise. A six-position filter wheel enables narrow-band and broad-band imaging over the wavelength range 330-1000 nm. The instrument saw first light on the TNT in November 2013 and will be used to study rapid variability in the Universe. In this paper we describe the scientific motivation behind ULTRASPEC, present an outline of its design and report on its measured performance on the TNT.

Dhillon, V S; Atkinson, D C; Bezawada, N; Bours, M C P; Copperwheat, C M; Gamble, T; Hardy, L K; Hickman, R D H; Irawati, P; Ives, D J; Kerry, P; Leckngam, A; Littlefair, S P; McLay, S A; O'Brien, K; Peacocke, P T; Poshyachinda, S; Richichi, A; Soonthornthum, B; Vick, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Forecasting Solar Wind Speeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By explicitly taking into account effects of Alfven waves, I derive from a simple energetics argument a fundamental relation which predicts solar wind (SW) speeds in the vicinity of the earth from physical properties on the sun. Kojima et al. recently found from their observations that a ratio of surface magnetic field strength to an expansion factor of open magnetic flux tubes is a good indicator of the SW speed. I show by using the derived relation that this nice correlation is an evidence of the Alfven wave which accelerates SW in expanding flux tubes. The observations further require that fluctuation amplitudes of magnetic field lines at the surface should be almost universal in different coronal holes, which needs to be tested by future observations.

Takeru K. Suzuki

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

158

Power-Factor Calculation under Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new method for calculating the power factor with consideration of the cross saturation between the direct-axis (d-axis) and the quadrature-axis (q-axis) of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include the cross-saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms. This paper also contains the new method of calculating the cross-coupled inductance values as well as self-inductance values in d- and q-axes. The analyzed motor is a high-speed brushless field excitation machine that offers high torque per ampere per core length at low speed and weakened flux at high speed, which was developed for the traction motor of a hybrid electric vehicle.

Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

High speed door assembly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a high speed door assembly, comprising an actuator cylinder and piston rods, a pressure supply cylinder and fittings, an electrically detonated explosive bolt, a honeycomb structured door, a honeycomb structured decelerator, and a structural steel frame encasing the assembly to close over a 3 foot diameter opening within 50 milliseconds of actuation, to contain hazardous materials and vapors within a test fixture.

Shapiro, C.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Force and Stiffness of Passive Magnetic Bearings Using Permanent Magnets.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Force and Stiffness of Passive Magnetic Bearings Using Permanent Magnets. Part 2 : Radial Magnetization R. Ravaud, G. Lemarquand, V. Lemarquand Abstract This paper deals with the calculation of the force and the stiffness between two ring permanent magnets whose polarization is radial

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Method and apparatus for assembling a permanent magnet pole assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pole assembly for a rotor, the pole assembly includes a permanent magnet pole including at least one permanent magnet block, a plurality of laminations including a pole cap mechanically coupled to the pole, and a plurality of laminations including a base plate mechanically coupled to the pole.

Carl, Jr., Ralph James (Clifton Park, NY); Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY); Dawson, Richard Nils (Voorheesville, NY); Qu, Ronghai (Clifton Park, NY); Avanesov, Mikhail Avramovich (Moscow, RU)

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

162

1International High Speed Rail Conference 19642064 High Speed Rail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1International High Speed Rail Conference 1964­2064 High Speed Rail: Celebrating Ambition 2014 by the Birmingham Centre for Railway Research and Education Conference programme 8 ­10 December 2014 Kindly supported by: #12;2 International High Speed Rail Conference Monday 8 December 12:00 ­ 12:50 Registration

Birmingham, University of

163

The search for permanent electric dipole moments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Permanent electric dipole moments (EDMs) of fundamental systems with spin - particles, nuclei, atoms or molecules violate parity and time reversal invariance. Invoking the CPT theorem, time reversal violation implies CP violation. Although CP-violation is implemented in the standard electro-weak theory, EDM generated this way remain undetectably small. However, this CP-violation also appears to fail explaining the observed baryon asymmetry of our universe. Extensions of the standard theory usually include new sources of CP violation and often predict sizeable EDMs. EDM searches in different systems are complementary and various efforts worldwide are underway and no finite value has been established yet. The prototype of an EDM search is the pursuit of the EDM of the neutron. It has the longest history and at the same time is at the forefront of present research. The talk aims at giving an overview of the field with emphasis on our efforts within an international collaboration at PSI, nedm.web.psi.ch.

Kirch, Klaus [PSI-Villigen - ETH Zürich

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

164

Control device for vehicle speed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a control device for vehicle speed comprising: a throttle driving means operatively coupled to a throttle valve of a vehicle; a set switch means for commanding memorization of the vehicle speed; a resume switch means for commanding read of the vehicle speed; a vehicle speed detecting means for generating a signal in accordance with the vehicle speed; a vehicle speed memory; an electronical control means for memorizing in the vehicle speed memory vehicle speed information corresponding to the signal obtained from the vehicle speed detecting means in response to actuation of the set switch means. The control means is also for reading out the content of the vehicle speed memory in response to actuation of the resume switch means to control the throttle driving means in accordance with the read-out content; a power supply means for supplying power to the electronical control means; and a power supply control switch means for controlling supply of power to the electronical control means in response to the state of at least one of the set switch means and the resume switch means and the state of the electronical control means. The improvement described here comprises the electronical control means sets the power supply control switch means into such a state that supply of power to the electronical control means is turned OFF, when vehicle speed information is not memorized in the vehicle speed memory.

Kawata, S.; Hyodo, H.

1987-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

165

Optimal Flight Speed of Birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Optimal Flight Speed of Birds Anders Hedenstrom Thomas Alerstam The speed of birds in flapping flight...when interpreted in the light of optimization theory, may...and review of optimal flight speeds of birds, based on foraging...

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

High Speed Particle Image Velocimetry Overview  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Speed Particle Image Velocimetry Speed Particle Image Velocimetry Overview The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory is seeking licensing partners interested in implementing U.S. Non- provisional Patent Application 12/765,317 entitled "Method of Particle Trajectory Recognition in Particle Flows of High Particle Concentration Using a Candidate Trajectory Tree Process with Variable Search Areas." This patent application discloses a novel method to simultaneously track the motion of high numbers of object images under extreme, high concen- tration conditions. Although the software is designed to simultaneously track large numbers of particle images in flow fields, it can track any type of object whose locations are available at consecutive time increments (e.g.,

167

Adaptive pitch control for variable speed wind turbines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptive method for adjusting blade pitch angle, and controllers implementing such a method, for achieving higher power coefficients. Average power coefficients are determined for first and second periods of operation for the wind turbine. When the average power coefficient for the second time period is larger than for the first, a pitch increment, which may be generated based on the power coefficients, is added (or the sign is retained) to the nominal pitch angle value for the wind turbine. When the average power coefficient for the second time period is less than for the first, the pitch increment is subtracted (or the sign is changed). A control signal is generated based on the adapted pitch angle value and sent to blade pitch actuators that act to change the pitch angle of the wind turbine to the new or modified pitch angle setting, and this process is iteratively performed.

Johnson, Kathryn E. (Boulder, CO); Fingersh, Lee Jay (Westminster, CO)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

168

How to Avoid Overestimating Variable Speed Drive Savings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Measure full flow power, rather than assuming it is the same as motor nameplate or design power. For many pump and fan systems, none of the eight factors will apply, or their effects will be negligible. However, analysts should consider their applicability...

Maxwell, J. B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump with Variable-Speed Technology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Lead Performer: Unico Systems - St. Louis, MO Partners: -- Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN -- Purdue University - West Lafayette, IN -- Emerson Electric - St. Louis, MO -- Invention House - St. Louis, MO

170

Protein Folding Pathways Implementing Dihedral Angle Variable Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Protein folding remains as an impossible riddle biologist must ... requirements make it difficult to obtain clues regarding protein folding nature. The procedure presented in this paper...

Mikel Diez; Victor Petuya; Mónica Urizar…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Replacement, Variable-Speed Motors for Furnaces, Syracuse, New...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

replace- ment for PSC motors in many homes. To date, CARB has upgraded six systems with Concept 3 motors. Upgrading a fan motor is usually very straightforward. Once...

172

Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump with Variable-Speed Technology...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN -- Purdue University - West Lafayette, IN -- Emerson Electric - St. Louis, MO -- Invention House - St. Louis, MO DOE Funding: 2,000,000 Cost...

173

Best Practice for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Variable Speed Pumping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the design water flow, a smaller motor would be required toVSD) motor while maintaining desirable water temperatures

Xu, Tengfang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

High speed transient sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high speed sampler comprises a meandered sample transmission line for transmitting an input signal, a straight strobe transmission line for transmitting a strobe signal, and a plurality of sampling gates along the transmission lines. The sampling gates comprise a four terminal diode bridge having a first strobe resistor connected from a first terminal of the bridge to the positive strobe line, a second strobe resistor coupled from the third terminal of the bridge to the negative strobe line, a tap connected to the second terminal of the bridge and to the sample transmission line, and a sample holding capacitor connected to the fourth terminal of the bridge. The resistance of the first and second strobe resistors is much higher than the signal transmission line impedance in the preferred system. This results in a sampling gate which applies a very small load on the sample transmission line and on the strobe generator. The sample holding capacitor is implemented using a smaller capacitor and a larger capacitor isolated from the smaller capacitor by resistance. The high speed sampler of the present invention is also characterized by other optimizations, including transmission line tap compensation, stepped impedance strobe line, a multi-layer physical layout, and unique strobe generator design. A plurality of banks of such samplers are controlled for concatenated or interleaved sample intervals to achieve long sample lengths or short sample spacing. 17 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

175

High speed transient sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high speed sampler comprises a meandered sample transmission line for transmitting an input signal, a straight strobe transmission line for transmitting a strobe signal, and a plurality of sampling gates along the transmission lines. The sampling gates comprise a four terminal diode bridge having a first strobe resistor connected from a first terminal of the bridge to the positive strobe line, a second strobe resistor coupled from the third terminal of the bridge to the negative strobe line, a tap connected to the second terminal of the bridge and to the sample transmission line, and a sample holding capacitor connected to the fourth terminal of the bridge. The resistance of the first and second strobe resistors is much higher than the signal transmission line impedance in the preferred system. This results in a sampling gate which applies a very small load on the sample transmission line and on the strobe generator. The sample holding capacitor is implemented using a smaller capacitor and a larger capacitor isolated from the smaller capacitor by resistance. The high speed sampler of the present invention is also characterized by other optimizations, including transmission line tap compensation, stepped impedance strobe line, a multi-layer physical layout, and unique strobe generator design. A plurality of banks of such samplers are controlled for concatenated or interleaved sample intervals to achieve long sample lengths or short sample spacing.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Can Satellite Sampling of Offshore Wind Speeds Realistically Represent Wind Speed Distributions? Part II: Quantifying Uncertainties Associated with Distribution Fitting Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Remote sensing tools represent an attractive proposition for measuring wind speeds over the oceans because, in principle, they also offer a mechanism for determining the spatial variability of flow. Presented here is the continuation of research ...

S. C. Pryor; M. Nielsen; R. J. Barthelmie; J. Mann

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Permanence : aligning architecture, nuclear waste, and the Public  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permanence is intended as a provocation to question the current relationship of time and architecture. Architecture has always had a relationship with time, but historically this relationship has been troubled. In 2013 we ...

Maher, John, III (John Edward)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

A high quality permanent-magnet wiggler for the Rocketdyne/Stanford infrared free electron laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A high quality, variable gap, variable taper, permanent-magnet wiggler has been built for infrared free electron laser (FEL) experiments to be performed at the Stanford Photon Research Laboratory. The design and characterization procedure used to assemble the wiggler is discussed. A simulated annealing code was used to minimize field errors arising from variations in the individual magnets. The computed electron trajectories associated with the measured magnetic fields are presented for a range of different operating points of the wiggler. These plots indicate a very high quality field over a large range of different wiggler operating regimes. Resultant trajectory wander over the 2 m long wiggler for a 40 MeV electron at a wiggler gap corresponding to 3.3 kG was calculated to be less than 25 ?m. The ability to control trajectory wander and optical phase slip using the simulated annealing code suggests future extensions to extremely long wigglers.

Mark S. Curtin; Anup Bhowmik; Wayne A. McMullin; Stephen V. Benson; John M.J. Madey; Bruce A. Richman; Louis Vintro

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A doubly-fed permanent magnet generator for wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimum extraction of energy from a wind turbine requires that turbine speed vary with wind speed. Existing solutions to produce constant-frequency electrical output under windspeed variations are undesirable due to ...

Thomas, Andrew J. (Andrew Joseph), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Study of the Advantages of Internal Permanent Magnet Drive Motor with Selectable Windings for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes research performed on the viability of changing the effectively active number of turns in the stator windings of an internal permanent magnet (IPM) electric motor to strengthen or weaken the magnetic fields in order to optimize the motor's performance at specific operating speeds and loads. Analytical and simulation studies have been complemented with research on switching mechanisms to accomplish the task. The simulation studies conducted examine the power and energy demands on a vehicle following a series of standard driving cycles and the impact on the efficiency and battery size of an electrically propelled vehicle when it uses an IPM motor with turn-switching capabilities. Both full driving cycle electric propulsion and propulsion limited starting from zero to a set speed have been investigated.

Otaduy, P.J.; Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

POLICY GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #23 Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Policy Guidance Memorandum #23 - DOE Guidance – Permanent and Nonpermanent Positions, Appointments, & CHRIS Codes

182

wind speed | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

speed speed Dataset Summary Description GIS data for offshore wind speed (meters/second). Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and monthly wind speed at 30km resolution, using a 0.11 wind sheer to extrapolate 10m - 90m. Annual average >= 10 months of data, no nulls. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords GIS global NOAA NREL offshore wind wind speed Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 18.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Please cite NREL and NOAA Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

183

Control of Two Permanent Magnet Machines Using a Five-Leg Inverter for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents digital control schemes for control of two permanent magnet (PM) machines in an integrated traction and air-conditioning compressor drive system for automotive applications. The integrated drive system employs a five-leg inverter to power a three-phase traction PM motor and a two-phase compressor PM motor by tying the common terminal of the two-phase motor to the neutral point of the three-phase motor. Compared to a three-phase or a standalone two-phase inverter, it eliminates one phase leg and shares the control electronics between the two drives, thus significantly reducing the component count of the compressor drive. To demonstrate that the speed and torque of the two PM motors can be controlled independently, a control strategy was implemented in a digital signal processor, which includes a rotor flux field orientation based control (RFOC) for the three-phase motor, a similar RFOC and a position sensorless control in the brushless dc (BLDC) mode for the two-phase motor. Control implementation issues unique to a two-phase PM motor are also discussed. Test results with the three-phase motor running in the ac synchronous (ACS) mode while the two-phase motor either in the ACS or the BLDC mode are included to verify the independent speed and torque control capability of the integrated drive.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Huang, Xianghui [GE Global Research

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

COLLECTION OF AIRBORNE PARTICLES BY A HIGH-GRADIENT PERMANENT MAGNETIC METHOD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the use of magnetic force in collection of airborne particles by a high- gradient permanent magnetic separation (HGPMS) device. Three aerosol particles of different magnetic susceptibility (NaCl, CuO, and Fe2O3) were generated in the electrical mobility size range of 10 to 200 nm and were used to study HGPMS collection. One HGPMS matrix element, made of stainless steel wool, was used in the device configuration. Three flow rates were selected to simulate the environmental wind speeds of interest to the study. Magnetic force was found to exhibit an insignificant effect on the separation of NaCl particles, even in the HGPMS configuration. Diffusion was a major mechanism in the removal of the diamagnetic particles; however, diffusion is insignificant under the influence of a high-gradient magnetic field for paramagnetic or ferromagnetic particles. The HGPMS showed high-performance collection (> 99%) of paramagnetic CuO and ferromagnetic Fe2O3 particles for particle sizes greater than or equal to 60 nm. As the wind speed increases, the influence of the magnetic force weakens, and the capability to remove particles from the gas stream diminishes. The results suggest that the HGPMS principle could be explored for development of an advanced miniaturized passive aerosol collector.

Cheng, Mengdawn [ORNL; Allman, Steve L [ORNL; Ludtka, Gerard Michael [ORNL; Avens, Larry R [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Method of making bonded or sintered permanent magnets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An isotropic permanent magnet is made by mixing a thermally responsive, low viscosity binder and atomized rare earth-transition metal (e.g., iron) alloy powder having a carbon-bearing (e.g., graphite) layer thereon that facilitates wetting and bonding of the powder particles by the binder. Prior to mixing with the binder, the atomized alloy powder may be sized or classified to provide a particular particle size fraction having a grain size within a given relatively narrow range. A selected particle size fraction is mixed with the binder and the mixture is molded to a desired complex magnet shape. A molded isotropic permanent magnet is thereby formed. A sintered isotropic permanent magnet can be formed by removing the binder from the molded mixture and thereafter sintering to full density. 14 figs.

McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

186

Method of making bonded or sintered permanent magnets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An isotropic permanent magnet is made by mixing a thermally responsive, low viscosity binder and atomized rare earth-transition metal (e.g., iron) alloy powder having a carbon-bearing (e.g., graphite) layer thereon that facilitates wetting and bonding of the powder particles by the binder. Prior to mixing with the binder, the atomized alloy powder may be sized or classified to provide a particular particle size fraction having a grain size within a given relatively narrow range. A selected particle size fraction is mixed with the binder and the mixture is molded to a desired complex magnet shape. A molded isotropic permanent magnet is thereby formed. A sintered isotropic permanent magnet can be formed by removing the binder from the molded mixture and thereafter sintering to full density.

McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

187

Permanent-magnet-less machine having an enclosed air gap  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor disposed within the magnetic rotating field is spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. A stationary excitation core spaced apart from the uncluttered rotor by an axial air gap and a radial air gap substantially encloses the stationary excitation core. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include stator core gaps to reduce axial flux flow. Some permanent magnet-less, brushless synchronous systems include an uncluttered rotor coupled to outer laminations. The quadrature-axis inductance may be increased in some synchronous systems. Some synchronous systems convert energy such as mechanical energy into electrical energy (e.g., a generator); other synchronous systems may convert any form of energy into mechanical energy (e.g., a motor).

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

188

Forecasting wind speed financial return  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The prediction of wind speed is very important when dealing with the production of energy through wind turbines. In this paper, we show a new nonparametric model, based on semi-Markov chains, to predict wind speed. Particularly we use an indexed semi-Markov model that has been shown to be able to reproduce accurately the statistical behavior of wind speed. The model is used to forecast, one step ahead, wind speed. In order to check the validity of the model we show, as indicator of goodness, the root mean square error and mean absolute error between real data and predicted ones. We also compare our forecasting results with those of a persistence model. At last, we show an application of the model to predict financial indicators like the Internal Rate of Return, Duration and Convexity.

D'Amico, Guglielmo; Prattico, Flavio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Adjustable Speed Drive Industrial Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric motors are significant users of electricity in the United States. Approximately 66 percent of the total electricity in the U.S. is used by electric motors. Electronic adjustable speed drives (ASDs) can save energy, lower maintenance cost...

Poole, J. N.

190

Speed Limit of Magnetic Recording  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1. The linac's beam, made of tightly packed bunches of electrons traveling close to the speed of light, creates magnetic pulses that are some of the world's strongest - at up to...

191

Information superhighway approaches light speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nothing moves faster than light in a vacuum but a new kind of optical fibre transports large volumes of data at 99.7 per cent of this speed limit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

A New Class of Switched Reluctance Motors without Permanent Magnets  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

power as a function of speed - Choose preferred design approach based on preliminary cost assessments, FEA, and dynamic simulation results * Perform detailed design and simulation...

193

Radial-Gap Permanent Magnet Motor and Drive Research FY 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this task was to study permanent magnet (PM) radial-gap traction drive systems that could meet the U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR Program's 2010 goals to expose weaknesses or identify strengths. Initially, the approach was to compare attributes such as physical deformations during operation, performance (torque, power, efficiency versus speed), material requirements (strength), material costs, manufacturability, weight, power density, specific power, reliability, and drivability for specific motors. Three motors selected were the commercially available 60-kW radial-gap surface-mounted PM motor manufactured by UQM Technologies, Inc.; a hypothetical PM motor with rotor-supported magnets similar to the Honda MCF-21; and Delphi's automotive electric machine drive motor, whose rotor is a ferromagnetic cylinder, held at one end by a shaft that supports the magnets on its inner surface. Potential problems have appeared related to PM motors, such as (1) high no-load spin losses and high operational power losses, probably from eddy current losses in the rotor; (2) the undemonstrated dual mode inverter control (DMIC) for driving a brushless dc motor (BDCM) (UQM and Delphi motors); (3) uncertainty about the potential for reducing current with DMIC; and (4) uncertainty about the relation between material requirements and maximum rotor speed. Therefore, the approach was changed to study in detail three of the comparison attributes: drivability, performance, and material requirements. Drivability and related problems were examined by demonstrating that DMIC may be used to drive an 18-pole 30-kW PM motor to 6000 rpm, where the maximum electrical frequency is 900 Hz. An available axial-gap test motor with 18 poles was used because its control is identical to that of a radial gap PM motor. Performance was analytically examined, which led to a derivation showing that DMIC controls a PM motor so that the motor uses minimum current to produce any power regardless of speed for relative speeds, n = {omega}/{omega}{sub base} {ge} 2. Performance was also examined with efficiency measurements during the 30-kW PM motor test. Material requirements were examined with finite-element analyses (FEA) to determine the speed and location where yield starts and the corresponding deformations and stresses.

McKeever, J.W.

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

194

Observational constraint on the varying speed of light theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The varying speed of light (VSL) theory is controversial. It succeeds in explaining some cosmological problems, but on the other hand it is excluded by mainstream physics because it will shake the foundation of physics. In the present paper, we devote ourselves to test whether the speed of light is varying from the observational data of the type Ia Supernova, Baryon Acoustic Oscillation, Observational $H(z)$ data and Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). We select the common form $c(t)=c_0a^n(t)$ with the contribution of dark energy and matter, where $c_0$ is the current value of speed of light, $n$ is a constant, and consequently construct a varying speed of light dark energy model (VSLDE). The combined observational data show a much trivial constraint $n=-0.0033 \\pm 0.0045$ at 68.3\\% confidence level, which indicates that the speed of light may be a constant with high significance. By reconstructing the time-variable $c(t)$, we find that the speed of light almost has no variation for redshift $z < 10^{-1}$....

Qi, Jing-Zhao; Liu, Wen-Biao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Combination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grinding with Regard to Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stress Model for Speed Stroke Grinding of Hardened SteelStresses in Speed Stroke Grinding via FEA Simulation andCombination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grinding

Linke, Barbara; Duscha, Michael; Klocke, Fritz; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Permanent Magnet Ecr Plasma Source With Magnetic Field Optimization  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a plasma-producing device, an optimized magnet field for electron cyclotron resonance plasma generation is provided by a shaped pole piece. The shaped pole piece adjusts spacing between the magnet and the resonance zone, creates a convex or concave resonance zone, and decreases stray fields between the resonance zone and the workpiece. For a cylindrical permanent magnet, the pole piece includes a disk adjacent the magnet together with an annular cylindrical sidewall structure axially aligned with the magnet and extending from the base around the permanent magnet. The pole piece directs magnetic field lines into the resonance zone, moving the resonance zone further from the face of the magnet. Additional permanent magnets or magnet arrays may be utilized to control field contours on a local scale. Rather than a permeable material, the sidewall structure may be composed of an annular cylindrical magnetic material having a polarity opposite that of the permanent magnet, creating convex regions in the resonance zone. An annular disk-shaped recurve section at the end of the sidewall structure forms magnetic mirrors keeping the plasma off the pole piece. A recurve section composed of magnetic material having a radial polarity forms convex regions and/or magnetic mirrors within the resonance zone.

Doughty, Frank C. (Plano, TX); Spencer, John E. (Plano, TX)

2000-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

197

Permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance motor, design and performance improvement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the design optimization of the Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor (PMa-SynRM). Various key points in the rotor design of a low cost PMa-SynRM are introduced and their effects are studied. Finite element approach has been utilized to show...

Niazi, Peyman

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

198

Permanent Closure of the TAN-664 Underground Storage Tank  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This closure package documents the site assessment and permanent closure of the TAN-664 gasoline underground storage tank in accordance with the regulatory requirements established in 40 CFR 280.71, 'Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks: Out-of-Service UST Systems and Closure.'

Bradley K. Griffith

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Variable Speed Drive Volumetric Tracking (VSDVT) for Airflow Control in Variable Air Volume (VAV) Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volume Systems.? Proceedings of ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Vol. 5, pp. 219-223. 3. Liu M., Zhu Y., Claridge D.E., and White E., 1997. ?Impact of Static Pressure Set Level on HVAC Energy Consumption and Indoor... Volume Systems.? Proceedings of ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Vol. 5, pp. 219-223. 3. Liu M., Zhu Y., Claridge D.E., and White E., 1997. ?Impact of Static Pressure Set Level on HVAC Energy Consumption and Indoor...

Liu, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Closed Loop Speed Control of Induction Generator with Scalar-control Inverters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A closed loop speed control for an induction generator is presented. The system was developed for a space vector modulation-voltage source inverter and the three-phase squirrel-cage induction generator to regulate speed and generator voltages with scalar control technique. The aim of this research was to a generated voltage with a constant speed at variable mechanical torque of prime mover. The simulation results show a good performance of the system can be achieved by the proposed speed controller.

Anaphat Upasan; Yuttana Kumsuwan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

1980–2010 Variability in U.K. Surface Wind Climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The climate of the northeast Atlantic region comprises substantial decadal variability in storminess. It also exhibits strong inter- and intra-annual variability in extreme high and low wind speed episodes. Here the authors quantify and discuss ...

Nick Earl; Steve Dorling; Richard Hewston; Roland von Glasow

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Zeolite.png Schematic of an important class of porous materials known as...

203

Electric motor with controllable speed and torque  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The proposed electric motor is characterized by controllable speed and torque ... shaft, at constant rotor speed. In this motor, the torque at the output shaft increases...

R. G. Khadeev

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Controlling proton source speeds catalyst | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlling proton source speeds catalyst Controlling proton source speeds catalyst Nickel-based catalyst three times faster with adjustments to key acid Research showing that...

205

0-7803-9280-9/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE. 603 Design of a High-Speed Permanent Magnet Motor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]: - the hydrogen supply, which often consists of an hydrogen tank associated with a pressure reducer; - the air to maintain gas and membrane hydration; - the cooling circuit, to extract the heat produced during not be lubricated with oil because the FC stack can not support even ppm of oil; FC stack motor cooling ci

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

206

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Low-Speed Vehicle and Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed

207

Modelling and design of an eddy current coupling for slip-synchronous permanent magnet wind generators.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Slip-synchronous permanent magnet generators (SS-PMG) is a recently proposed direct-grid connected direct-drive generator topology for wind power applications. It combines a permanent magnet… (more)

Mouton, Zac

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Investigation of Flux Linkage Profile Measurement Methods for Switched Reluctance Motors and Permanent Magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Investigation of Flux Linkage Profile Measurement Methods for Switched Reluctance Motors for switched reluctance motors (SRM's) and permanent magnet motors (PMM's). Various measurement methods have reluctance motors, permanent magnet motors. I. INTRODUCTION Switched Reluctance Motors (SRM's) have very

Lu, Kaiyuan

209

An issue of permanence: assessing the effectiveness of temporary carbon storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we present a method to quantify the effectiveness of carbon mitigation options taking into account the "permanence" of the emissions reduction. While the issue of permanence is most commonly associated with ...

Herzog, Howard J.

210

OpenEI - wind speed  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL GIS Data: Global NREL GIS Data: Global Offshore Wind http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/869 GIS data for offshore wind speed (meters/second).  Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and monthly wind speed at 30km resolution, using a 0.11 wind sheer to extrapolate 10m - 90m.  Annual average  >= 10 months of data, no nulls. License

Type of License:  Other (please specify below)

211

Grain Refinement of Permanent Mold Cast Copper Base Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grain refinement is a well established process for many cast and wrought alloys. The mechanical properties of various alloys could be enhanced by reducing the grain size. Refinement is also known to improve casting characteristics such as fluidity and hot tearing. Grain refinement of copper-base alloys is not widely used, especially in sand casting process. However, in permanent mold casting of copper alloys it is now common to use grain refinement to counteract the problem of severe hot tearing which also improves the pressure tightness of plumbing components. The mechanism of grain refinement in copper-base alloys is not well understood. The issues to be studied include the effect of minor alloy additions on the microstructure, their interaction with the grain refiner, effect of cooling rate, and loss of grain refinement (fading). In this investigation, efforts were made to explore and understand grain refinement of copper alloys, especially in permanent mold casting conditions.

M.Sadayappan; J.P.Thomson; M.Elboujdaini; G.Ping Gu; M. Sahoo

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless DC motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A brushless dc permanent magnet motor drives an autonomous underwater vehe. In one embodiment, the motor comprises four substantially flat stators in stacked relationship, with pairs of the stators axially spaced, each of the stators comprising a tape-wound stator coil, and first and second substantially flat rotors disposed between the spaced pairs of stators. Each of the rotors includes an annular array of permanent magnets embedded therein. A first shaft is connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft is connected to the second rotor, and a drive unit causes rotation of the two shafts in opposite directions. The second shaft comprises a hollow tube having a central bore in which the first shaft is disposed. Two different sets of bearings support the first and second shafts. In another embodiment, the motor comprises two ironless stators and pairs of rotors mounted on opposite sides of the stators and driven by counterrotating shafts.

Hawsey, Robert A. (Oak Ridge, TN); Bailey, J. Milton (Knoxville, TN)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

System Cost Analysis for an Interior Permanent Magnet Motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this program is to provide an assessment of the cost structure for an interior permanent magnet ('IPM') motor which is designed to meet the 2010 FreedomCAR specification. The program is to evaluate the range of viable permanent magnet materials for an IPM motor, including sintered and bonded grades of rare earth magnets. The study considers the benefits of key processing steps, alternative magnet shapes and their assembly methods into the rotor (including magnetization), and any mechanical stress or temperature limits. The motor's costs are estimated for an annual production quantity of 200,000 units, and are broken out into such major components as magnetic raw materials, processing and manufacturing. But this is essentially a feasibility study of the motor's electromagnetic design, and is not intended to include mechanical or thermal studies as would be done to work up a selected design for production.

Peter Campbell

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Design improvements of a permanent magnet active magnetic refrigerator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A second-generation room-temperature permanent magnet active magnetic regenerator test apparatus using Halbach arrays is described. The magnet arrays consist of three concentric cylinders. Each cylinder is constructed using 12 permanent magnet segments. The inner magnet array is stationary while the intermediate and outer arrays are designed to rotate in opposite directions so as to create a sinusoidal magnetic field waveform with a stationary field direction. The fluid flow system utilizes a novel check valve configuration so that fluid dead volumes are minimized. The system construction is modular to allow for quick replacement of material or system components. Fringing fields near the outer and inner diameters of the arrays are found to create large forces between arrays leading to large torques. Test results using 650 g of gadolinium spheres produce a no-load temperature span of 33 K at 0.8 Hz.

D.S. Arnold; A. Tura; A. Ruebsaat-Trott; A. Rowe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

depleted underground oil shale for the permanent storage of carbon  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

depleted underground oil shale for the permanent storage of carbon depleted underground oil shale for the permanent storage of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) generated during the oil shale extraction process. AMSO, which holds a research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) lease from the U.S. Bureau of Land Management for a 160-acre parcel of Federal land in northwest Colorado's oil-shale rich Piceance Basin, will provide technical assistance and oil shale core samples. If AMSO can demonstrate an economically viable and environmentally acceptable extraction process, it retains the right to acquire a 5,120-acre commercial lease. When subject to high temperatures and high pressures, oil shale (a sedimentary rock that is rich in hydrocarbons) can be converted into oil. Through mineralization, the CO 2 could be stored in the shale

216

Disc rotors with permanent magnets for brushless dc motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a brushless dc permanent magnet motor for driving an autonomous underwater vehicle. It comprises first and second substantially flat, generally cylindrical stators disposed in side by side relation; a first substantially flat, generally cylindrical rotor; a first shaft connected to the first rotor and a second, concentric shaft connected to the second rotor; and means for providing rotation of the first and second shafts in opposite directions.

Hawsey, R.A.; Bailery, J.M.

1992-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

217

Permanent magnet machine with windings having strand transposition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This document discusses, among other things, a stator with transposition between the windings or coils. The coils are free from transposition to increase the fill factor of the stator slots. The transposition at the end connections between an inner coil and an outer coil provide transposition to reduce circulating current loss. The increased fill factor reduces further current losses. Such a stator is used in a dual rotor, permanent magnet machine, for example, in a compressor pump, wind turbine gearbox, wind turbine rotor.

Qu, Ronghai (Clifton Park, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY)

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

218

Joint interpretation of on-board vision and static GPS cartography for determination of correct speed limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present here a first prototype of a "Speed Limit Support" Advance Driving Assistance System (ADAS) producing permanent reliable information on the current speed limit applicable to the vehicle. Such a module can be used either for information of the driver, or could even serve for automatic setting of the maximum speed of a smart Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). Our system is based on a joint interpretation of cartographic information (for static reference information) with on-board vision, used for traffic sign detection and recognition (including supplementary sub-signs) and visual road lines localization (for detection of lane changes). The visual traffic sign detection part is quite robust (90% global correct detection and recognition for main speed signs, and 80% for exit-lane sub-signs detection). Our approach for joint interpretation with cartography is original, and logic-based rather than probability-based, which allows correct behaviour even in cases, which do happen, when both vision and cartograp...

Bargeton, Alexandre; Nashashibi, Fawzi; Puthon, Anne-Sophie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Design of Double Salient Interior Permanent Magnet Machine Based on Mutually Coupled  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of Double Salient Interior Permanent Magnet Machine Based on Mutually Coupled Reluctance--This paper presents a novel structure of double salient interior permanent magnet machine (DSIPM machine-- double salient, d-axis and q-axis inductances, cogging torque, permanent magnets, flux

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

220

Recent developments and open problems in the theory of permanents1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments and open problems in the theory of permanents1 R. B. Bapat Indian Statistical of permanents over these three classes, putting 1 Presidential Address (Technical), Indian Mathematical Society at the end that point to several sources dealing with various aspects of the theory of permanents. 2 Matrices

Bapat, Ravindra B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Strong permanent magnets provide a backbone technology required many products, including computers, electric cars, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, electric cars, and wind-powered generators. Currently, the strongest permanent magnets contain rare earth for most technologies requiring permanent magnets, due to their high energy product and coercivity. However, and the extreme price volatility in recent years have led scientists to seek alternative formulas for permanent

McQuade, D. Tyler

222

H-mode accelerating structures with permanent-magnet quadrupole beam focusing  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We have developed high-efficiency normal-conducting rf accelerating structures by combining H -mode resonator cavities and a transverse beam focusing by permanent-magnet quadrupoles (PMQ), for beam velocities in the range of a few percent of the speed of light. The shunt impedance of interdigital H -mode (IH-PMQ) structures is 10–20 times higher than that of a conventional drift-tube linac, while the transverse size is 4–5 times smaller. Results of the combined 3D modeling—electromagnetic computations, multiparticle beam-dynamics simulations with high currents, and thermal-stress analysis—for an IH-PMQ accelerator tank are presented. The accelerating-field profile in the tank is tuned to provide the best propagation of a 50-mA deuteron beam using coupled iterations of electromagnetic and beam-dynamics modeling. Measurements of a cold model of the IH-PMQ tank show a good agreement with the calculations. Examples of cross-bar H -mode structures with PMQ focusing for higher beam velocities are also presented. H -PMQ accelerating structures following a short radio-frequency quadrupole accelerator can be used both in the front end of ion linacs or in stand-alone applications.

Kurennoy, S. S.; Rybarcyk, L. J.; O’Hara, J. F.; Olivas, E. R.; Wangler, T. P.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Extending the Constant Power Speed Range of the Brushless DC Motor through Dual Mode Inverter Control -- Part I: Theory and Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An inverter topology and control scheme has been developed that can drive low-inductance, surface-mounted permanent magnet motors over the wide constant power speed range required in electric vehicle applications. This new controller is called the dual-mode inverter control (DMIC) [1]. The DMIC can drive either the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine (PMSM) with sinusoidal back emf, or the brushless dc machine (BDCM) with trapezoidal emf in the motoring and regenerative braking modes. In this paper we concentrate on the BDCM under high-speed motoring conditions. Simulation results show that if all motor and inverter loss mechanisms are neglected, the constant power speed range of the DMIC is infinite. The simulation results are supported by closed form expressions for peak and rms motor current and average power derived from analytical solution to the differential equations governing the DMIC/BDCM drive for the lossless case. The analytical solution shows that the range of motor inductance that can be accommodated by the DMIC is more than an order of magnitude such that the DMIC is compatible with both low- and high-inductance BDCMs. Finally, method is given for integrating the classical hysteresis band current control, used for motor control below base speed, with the phase advance of DMIC that is applied above base speed. The power versus speed performance of the DMIC is then simulated across the entire speed range.

Lawler, J.S.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

224

100-Year Return Value Estimates for Ocean Wind Speed and Significant Wave Height from the ERA-40 Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and time variability of significant wave height and wind speed on the prediction of their extreme values of this dataset makes it ideal for the study of extreme wind and wave phenomena over the whole globe. Initial100-Year Return Value Estimates for Ocean Wind Speed and Significant Wave Height from the ERA-40

Haak, Hein

225

14 - Doxford low speed engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses low speed diesel engines from Doxford. Doxford is British firm that manufactured the distinctive Doxford opposed-piston (OP) low speed two-stroke engines. Doxford J-type engines were built in long and short stroke versions in bore sizes of 580, 670 and 760 mm, and with three to nine cylinders delivering up to around 20 000 kW. The engine is a single-acting two-stroke opposed-piston type with each cylinder having two pistons that move in opposite directions from a central combustion chamber. The last J-type engines were turbocharged on the constant pressure system following a changeover from the original impulse charging system. Three- and four-cylinder engines have only one turbocharger, mounted at the forward or aft end, while two or three chargers have been fitted to seven-, eight-, and nine-cylinder engines. Between each turbocharger and the engine entablature is a finned-tubed seawater-cooled after cooler. An electric auxiliary blower is provided for slow running or emergency duties. In its final years the company designed and produced the unusual three-cylinder 58JS3C model that developed 4050 kW at 220 rev/min and was specified to power several small containerships. The 58JS3C design was based on the J-type but with refinements addressing the higher rotational speed and relatively short piston stroke.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

A strong permanent magnet-assisted electromagnetic undulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention discloses an improved undulator comprising a plurality of electromagnet poles located along opposite sides of a particle beam axis with alternate north and south poles on each side of the beam to cause the beam to wiggle or undulate as it travels generally along the beam axis and permanent magnets spaced adjacent the electromagnetic poles on each side of the axis of said particle beam in an orientation sufficient to reduce the saturation of the electromagnet poles whereby the field strength of the electromagnet poles can be increased beyond the normal saturation levels of the electromagnetic poles. 4 figs.

Halbach, K.

1987-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

227

A mesoscopic network model for permanent set in crosslinked elastomers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A mesoscopic computational model for polymer networks and composites is developed as a coarse-grained representation of the composite microstructure. Unlike more complex molecular dynamics simulations, the model only considers the effects of crosslinks on mechanical behavior. The elastic modulus, which depends only on the crosslink density and parameters in the bond potential, is consistent with rubber elasticity theory, and the network response satisfies the independent network hypothesis of Tobolsky. The model, when applied to a commercial filled silicone elastomer, quantitatively reproduces the experimental permanent set and stress-strain response due to changes in the crosslinked network from irradiation.

Weisgraber, T H; Gee, R H; Maiti, A; Clague, D S; Chinn, S; Maxwell, R S

2009-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

228

Estimation of the Design Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modern approach to the specification of the design wind speed favours the explicit format which directly presents the design value of the wind speed instead of hiding the value behind the product of the chara...

Michael Kasperski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Modeling, analysis and comparison of TSR and OTC methods for MPPT and power smoothing in permanent magnet synchronous generator-based wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a small signal modeling of a direct-driven permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based on wind turbine which is connected to the grid via back-to-back converters. The proposed small signal model includes two maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controllers: tip speed ratio (TSR) control and optimal torque control (OTC). These methods are analytically compared to illustrate MPPT and power smoothing capability. Then, to compare the MPPT and power smoothing operation of the mentioned methods, simulations are performed in MATLAB/Simulink software. From the simulation results, OTC is highly efficient in power smoothing enhancement and has clearly good performance to extract maximum power from wind; however, TSR control has definitely fast responses to wind speed variations with the expense of higher fluctuations due to its non-minimum phase characteristic.

M. Nasiri; J. Milimonfared; S.H. Fathi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Interior Permanent Magnet Reluctance Machine with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a conventional permanent magnet (PM) machine, the air-gap flux produced by the PM is fixed. It is difficult to enhance the air-gap flux density due to limitations of the PM in a series-magnetic circuit. However, the air-gap flux density can be weakened by using power electronic field weakening to the limit of demagnetization of the PMs. This paper presents the test results of controlling the PM air-gap flux density through the use of a stationary brushless excitation coil in a reluctance interior permanent magnet with brushless field excitation (RIPM-BFE) motor. Through the use of this technology the air-gap flux density can be either enhanced or weakened. There is no concern with demagnetizing the PMs during field weakening. The leakage flux of the excitation coil through the PMs is blocked. The prototype motor built on this principle confirms the concept of flux enhancement and weakening through the use of excitation coils.

Wiles, R.H.

2005-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

231

Two Permanently Congruent Rods May Have Different Proper Lengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We scrutinize congruence as one of the basic definitions of equality in geometry and pit it against physics of Special Relativity. We show that two non-rigid rods permanently kept congruent during their common expansion or compression may have different instantaneous proper lengths (when measured at the same time of their respective reference clocks) if they have different mass distributions over their lengths. Alternatively, their proper lengths can come out equal only when measured at different but strictly correlated moments of time of their respective clocks. The derived expression for the ratio of instantaneous proper lengths of two permanently congruent changing objects explicitly contains information about the objects mass distribution. The same is true for the ratio of readings of the two reference clocks, for which the instantaneous measurements of respective proper lengths produce the same result. In either case the characteristics usually considered as purely kinematic depend on mass distribution, which is a dynamic property. This is a spectacular demonstration of dynamic aspect of geometry already in the framework of Special Relativity.

Moses Fayngold

2008-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

232

Multiphysics 3D Modelling of Ironless Permanent Magnet Generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Analytical method is widely used for the preliminary design and optimization of electrical machines. It has short calculation time and low computational cost (cost of simulation codes and supporting hardware), but the calculate result is normally considered to be not as accurate as finite element method (FEM). On the other hand, it is time-consuming to optimize machines with FEM if the optimization is not parallelized. Parallelizing optimization requires many licenses when commercial FEM codes are used, which can be very expensive. Ironless permanent magnet generator has large diameter and small aspect ratio, therefore, multiphysics approach is expected to be used for investigating the magnetic and thermal field. To address the above challenges, this paper presents a multiphysics modelling strategy for the design and optimization of ironless permanent magnet generators. Open-source codes are used to reduce the computational cost. A design example is presented to demonstrate the detail of this design method. This approach is expected to be used in super computer in the future, so that the calculation time can be largely reduced.

Z. Zhang; S.M. Muyeen; A. Al-Durra; R. Nilssen; A. Nysveen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Wind speed vertical distribution at Mt Graham  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......October 2010 research-article Papers Wind speed vertical distribution at Mt Graham...characterization of the vertical distribution of wind speed, V(h), is fundamental for an...many different reasons: (i) the wind speed shear contributes to trigger optical......

S. Hagelin; E. Masciadri; F. Lascaux

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

PHYSICS 359 THE SPEED OF LIGHT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS 359 THE SPEED OF LIGHT INTRODUCTION: The first evidence that light propagates with a finite from or approaching Jupiter. The first accurate measurements of the speed of light were made at a distance of about 9 km. Modern measurements of the speed of light are made by quite different methods

Landstreet, John D.

235

The Speed-of-Light Catastrophe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...July 1989 research-article The Speed-of-Light Catastrophe H. Ardavan It is shown...coordinates, c is the propagation speed of the waves described by the retarded...source moving on a curved path whose speed is in parts smaller and in parts...

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

STATIC AND DYNAMIC MEASUREMENTS OF A PERMANENT MAGNET INDUCTION GENERATOR: TEST RESULTS OF A NEW WIND GENERATOR CONCEPT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Permanent Magnet Induction Machine, a new wind generator concept, is considered to be a highly...

Gabriele Gail; Thomas Hartkopf…

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Redshift drift in varying speed of light cosmology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We derive a redshift drift formula within the framework of varying speed of light (VSL) theory using the specific ansatz for the variability of c ( t ) = c 0 a n ( t ) . We show that negative values of the parameter n, which correspond to diminishing value of the speed of light during the evolution of the universe, effectively rescale dust matter to become little negative pressure matter, and the cosmological constant to became phantom. Positive values of n (growing c ( t ) ) make VSL model to become more like Cold Dark Matter (CDM) model. Observationally, there is a distinction between the VSL model and the ?CDM model for the admissible values of the parameter n ? ? 10 ? 5 , though it will be rather difficult to detect by planned extremely large telescopes (EELT, TMT, GMT) within their accuracy.

Adam Balcerzak; Mariusz P. Da?browski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Study of Various Slanted Air-Gap Structures of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper shows how to maximize the effect of the slanted air-gap structure of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor with brushless field excitation (BFE) for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. The BFE structure offers high torque density at low speed and weakened flux at high speed. The unique slanted air-gap is intended to increase the output torque of the machine as well as to maximize the ratio of the back-emf of a machine that is controllable by BFE. This irregularly shaped air-gap makes a flux barrier along the d-axis flux path and decreases the d-axis inductance; as a result, the reluctance torque of the machine is much higher than a uniform air-gap machine, and so is the output torque. Also, the machine achieves a higher ratio of the magnitude of controllable back-emf. The determination of the slanted shape was performed by using magnetic equivalent circuit analysis and finite element analysis (FEA).

Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Lee, Seong T [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Design Assessments of a Magnetic-geared Double-rotor Permanent Magnet Generator.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this research is to provide systematic design of a permanent magnet (PM) generator, by adopting the double-rotor and the coaxial magnetic gear… (more)

Chung, He-Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjustable permanent quadrupoles Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is performed in 82 cells with Permanent Magnet Quadrupoles. Further... Proton Synchroton Booster. The acceleration is performed up to 3 MeV by a Radio- Frequency...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Ames Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about permanent magnet development...

242

Calculations on permanent-magnet quadrupoles with nonrectangular cross section  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current trend toward higher frequencies to power drift-tube linacs (DTLs) and coupled-cavity linacs (CCLs) reduces the space available for quadrupole focusing magnets. Similarly, the space available for matching sections between linac sections is limited, and often the matching section bunchers are designed in odd shapes to make them fit. This shaping further restricts focusing magnet space. One approach to attaining sufficient quadrupole strength is such situations is to use rare-earth permanent-magnet quadrupoles (PMQs) with cross sections tailored to fill as much of the available space as possible. In this paper, we describe some techniques we have developed to calculate the properties of such magnets both singly and when other magnets are nearby. 3 refs., 4 figs.

Boicourt, G.P.; Merson, J.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Complex foamed aluminum parts as permanent cores in aluminum castings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of complex shaped aluminum foam parts as permanent cores in aluminum castings has been investigated. The foamed samples were prepared by injection of the foam into sand molds. It turned out that sound castings can be produced if the foam core is properly preheated and/or surface treated before casting. The effect of the foam core on the performance of the casting was evaluated by in compression testing and by measuring structural damping. The gain in the related properties turned out to be much higher than the weight increase of the casting due to the presence of the core. The weight increase may be partially offset through a reduction of the wall-thickness of the shell.

Simancik, F. [Inst. of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Bratislava (Slovakia); Schoerghuber, F. [Illichmann GmbH, Altmuenster (Austria)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

244

Innovative Sensors for Pipeline Crawlers: Rotating Permanent Magnet Inspection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they may encounter. To facilitate inspection of these ''unpiggable'' pipelines, recent inspection development efforts have focused on a new generation of powered inspection platforms that are able to crawl slowly inside a pipeline and can maneuver past the physical barriers that limit internal inspection applicability, such as bore restrictions, low product flow rate, and low pressure. The first step in this research was to review existing inspection technologies for applicability and compatibility with crawler systems. Most existing inspection technologies, including magnetic flux leakage and ultrasonic methods, had significant implementation limitations including mass, physical size, inspection energy coupling requirements and technology maturity. The remote field technique was the most promising but power consumption was high and anomaly signals were low requiring sensitive detectors and electronics. After reviewing each inspection technology, it was decided to investigate the potential for a new inspection method. The new inspection method takes advantage of advances in permanent magnet strength, along with their wide availability and low cost. Called rotating permanent magnet inspection (RPMI), this patent pending technology employs pairs of permanent magnets rotating around the central axis of a cylinder to induce high current densities in the material under inspection. Anomalies and wall thickness variations are detected with an array of sensors that measure local changes in the magnetic field produced by the induced current flowing in the material. This inspection method is an alternative to the common concentric coil remote field technique that induces low-frequency eddy currents in ferromagnetic pipes and tubes. Since this is a new inspection method, both theory and experiment were used to determine fundamental capabilities and limitations. Fundamental finite element modeling analysis and experimental investigations performed during this development have led to the derivation of a first order analytical equation for designing rotating magnetizers to induce current and positioning sensors to record signals from anomalies. Experimental results confirm the analytical equation and the finite element calculations provide a firm basis for the design of RPMI systems. Experimental results have shown that metal loss anomalies and wall thickness variations can be detected with an array of sensors that measure local changes in the magnetic field produced by the induced current flowing in the material. The design exploits the phenomenon that circumferential currents are easily detectable at distances well away from the magnets. Current changes at anomalies were detectable with commercial low cost Hall Effect sensors. Commercial analog to digital converters can be used to measure the sensor output and data analysis can be performed in real time using PC computer systems. The technology was successfully demonstrated during two blind benchmark tests where numerous metal loss defects were detected. For this inspection technology, the detection threshold is a function of wall thickness and corrosion depth. For thinner materials, the detection threshold was experimentally shown to be comparable to magnetic flux leakage. For wall thicknesses greater than three tenths of an inch, the detection threshold increases with wall thickness. The potential for metal loss anomaly sizing was demonstrated in the second benchmarking study, again with accuracy comparable to existing magnetic flux leakage technologies. The rotating permanent magnet system has the potential for inspecting unpiggable pipelines since the magnetizer configurations can be sufficiently small with respect to the bore of the pipe to pass obstructions that limit the application of many i

J. Bruce Nestleroth; Richard J. Davis; Stephanie Flamberg

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

245

GRAIN REFINEMENT OF PERMANENT MOLD CAST COPPER BASE ALLOYS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grain refinement behavior of copper alloys cast in permanent molds was investigated. This is one of the least studied subjects in copper alloy castings. Grain refinement is not widely practiced for leaded copper alloys cast in sand molds. Aluminum bronzes and high strength yellow brasses, cast in sand and permanent molds, were usually fine grained due to the presence of more than 2% iron. Grain refinement of the most common permanent mold casting alloys, leaded yellow brass and its lead-free replacement EnviroBrass III, is not universally accepted due to the perceived problem of hard spots in finished castings and for the same reason these alloys contain very low amounts of iron. The yellow brasses and Cu-Si alloys are gaining popularity in North America due to their low lead content and amenability for permanent mold casting. These alloys are prone to hot tearing in permanent mold casting. Grain refinement is one of the solutions for reducing this problem. However, to use this technique it is necessary to understand the mechanism of grain refinement and other issues involved in the process. The following issues were studied during this three year project funded by the US Department of Energy and the copper casting industry: (1) Effect of alloying additions on the grain size of Cu-Zn alloys and their interaction with grain refiners; (2) Effect of two grain refining elements, boron and zirconium, on the grain size of four copper alloys, yellow brass, EnviroBrass II, silicon brass and silicon bronze and the duration of their effect (fading); (3) Prediction of grain refinement using cooling curve analysis and use of this method as an on-line quality control tool; (4) Hard spot formation in yellow brass and EnviroBrass due to grain refinement; (5) Corrosion resistance of the grain refined alloys; (6) Transfer the technology to permanent mold casting foundries; It was found that alloying elements such as tin and zinc do not change the grain size of Cu-Zn alloys. Aluminum promoted b phase formation and modified the grain structure from dendritic to equiaxed. Lead or bismuth reduces the size of grains, but not change the morphology of the structure in Cu-Zn alloys. The grain size of the Cu-Zn-alloy can be reduced from 3000 mm to 300 mm after the addition of aluminum and lead. Similar effects were observed in EnviroBrass III after the addition of aluminum and bismuth. Boron refined the structure of yellow brasses in the presence of iron. At least 50 ppm of iron and 3 ppm of boron are necessary to cause grain refinement in these alloys. Precipitation of iron from the melt is identified as the cause of grain refinement. Boron initiates the precipitation of iron which could not be explained at this time. On the other hand zirconium causes some reduction in grain size in all four alloys investigated. The critical limit for the zirconium was found to be around 100 ppm below which not much refinement could be observed. The mechanism of grain refinement in the presence of zirconium could not be explained. Grain refinement by boron and iron can remain over a long period of time, at least for 72 hours of holding or after remelting few times. It is necessary to have the iron and boron contents above the critical limits mentioned earlier. On the other hand, refinement by zirconium is lost quite rapidly, some times within one hour of holding, mostly due to the loss of zirconium, most probably by oxidation, from the melt. In all the cases it is possible to revive the refinement by adding more of the appropriate refining element. Cooling curve analysis (thermal analysis) can be used successfully to predict the grain refinement in yellow brasses. The precipitation of iron in the liquid metal causes the metal to solidify without undercooling. Absence of this reaction, as indicated by the time-temperature (t-T) and its first derivative (dt/dT) curves, proved to be an indicator of refinement. The viability of the technique as an on-line quality control tool was proved in two foundries. The method can also correctly predict the onset of fading. Th

M. SADAYAPPAN, J.P. THOMSON, M.ELBOUJDAINI, G. PING GU, M. SAHOO

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

246

High speed sampler and demultiplexer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high speed sampling demultiplexer based on a plurality of sampler banks, each bank comprising a sample transmission line for transmitting an input signal, a strobe transmission line for transmitting a strobe signal, and a plurality of sampling gates at respective positions along the sample transmission line for sampling the input signal in response to the strobe signal. Strobe control circuitry is coupled to the plurality of banks, and supplies a sequence of bank strobe signals to the strobe transmission lines in each of the plurality of banks, and includes circuits for controlling the timing of the bank strobe signals among the banks of samplers. Input circuitry is included for supplying the input signal to be sampled to the plurality of sample transmission lines in the respective banks. The strobe control circuitry can repetitively strobe the plurality of banks of samplers such that the banks of samplers are cycled to create a long sample length. Second tier demultiplexing circuitry is coupled to each of the samplers in the plurality of banks. The second tier demultiplexing circuitry senses the sample taken by the corresponding sampler each time the bank in which the sampler is found is strobed. A plurality of such samples can be stored by the second tier demultiplexing circuitry for later processing. Repetitive sampling with the high speed transient sampler induces an effect known as "strobe kickout". The sample transmission lines include structures which reduce strobe kickout to acceptable levels, generally 60 dB below the signal, by absorbing the kickout pulses before the next sampling repetition.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

High speed sampler and demultiplexer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high speed sampling demultiplexer based on a plurality of sampler banks, each bank comprising a sample transmission line for transmitting an input signal, a strobe transmission line for transmitting a strobe signal, and a plurality of sampling gates at respective positions along the sample transmission line for sampling the input signal in response to the strobe signal. Strobe control circuitry is coupled to the plurality of banks, and supplies a sequence of bank strobe signals to the strobe transmission lines in each of the plurality of banks, and includes circuits for controlling the timing of the bank strobe signals among the banks of samplers. Input circuitry is included for supplying the input signal to be sampled to the plurality of sample transmission lines in the respective banks. The strobe control circuitry can repetitively strobe the plurality of banks of samplers such that the banks of samplers are cycled to create a long sample length. Second tier demultiplexing circuitry is coupled to each of the samplers in the plurality of banks. The second tier demultiplexing circuitry senses the sample taken by the corresponding sampler each time the bank in which the sampler is found is strobed. A plurality of such samples can be stored by the second tier demultiplexing circuitry for later processing. Repetitive sampling with the high speed transient sampler induces an effect known as ``strobe kickout``. The sample transmission lines include structures which reduce strobe kickout to acceptable levels, generally 60 dB below the signal, by absorbing the kickout pulses before the next sampling repetition. 16 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

248

Direct - drive permanent magnet synchronous generator design for hydrokinetic energy extraction .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??"Hydrokinetic turbines deliver lower shaft speeds when compared to both steam and wind turbines. Hence, a water wheel generator must operate at speeds as low… (more)

Kashyap, Amshumaan Raghunatha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A PERMANENT A PERMANENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of study to creating student-led "Changemaker Central" locations to drive impactful social innovation

McGraw, Kevin J.

250

Permanent Plots PERMANENT PLOTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plots at Butte Camp, Pine Creek, Pumice Plain, Abraham Plain and Studebaker Ridge. These plots provide. The four Pumice Plain Plots are on an elevation gradient. Prior to1989 there was very scant vegetation with dense lupines in that year. The Abraham Plain was even sparser (the grid started in 1988) was virtually

del Moral, Roger

251

Active control system for high speed windmills  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pump stroke is matched to the operating speed of a high speed windmill. The windmill drives a hydraulic pump for a control. Changes in speed of a wind driven shaft open supply and exhaust valves to opposite ends of a hydraulic actuator to lengthen and shorten an oscillating arm thereby lengthening and shortening the stroke of an output pump. Diminishing wind to a stall speed causes the valves to operate the hydraulic cylinder to shorten the oscillating arm to zero. A pressure accumulator in the hydraulic system provides the force necessary to supply the hydraulic fluid under pressure to drive the actuator into and out of the zero position in response to the windmill shaft speed approaching and exceeding windmill stall speed. 4 figs.

Avery, D.E.

1988-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

252

High-Pressure Flame Speed Measurements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

addition on flame speeds of hydrocarbon fuels 3. Soot formation and explosive gasification in burning droplets of dieselbiodieselethanol blends C. K. Law Princeton...

253

Plan to speed up drug review approved  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plan to speed up drug review approved ... Proposed changes in the New Drug Application procedure will shorten review times, reduce paperwork, and save money ...

DAVID HANSON

1982-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

254

Wind Speed Prediction Via Time Series Modeling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Projected construction of nearby wind farms motivates this study of statistical forecasting of wind speed, for which accurate prediction is critically important to the fluid… (more)

Alexander, Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

High-speed digital color imaging pyrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperature measurements of high-explosive and combustion processes are difficult to obtain due to the speed and environment of the events. To overcome these challenges, we have...

Densmore, John M; Biss, Matthew M; McNesby, Kevin L; Homan, Barrie E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Permanent-magnet helicon sources and arrays: a new type of rf plasma Francis F. Chena)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permanent-magnet helicon sources and arrays: a new type of rf plasma Francis F. Chena) and Humberto mechanism of RF coupling. However, the requirement of a dc magnetic field has prevented their wide acceptance in industry. The use of permanent magnets greatly simplifies helicon sources, and arrays of small

Chen, Francis F.

257

MULTI-WATT ELECTRIC POWER FROM A MICROFABRICATED PERMANENT-MAGNET GENERATOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTI-WATT ELECTRIC POWER FROM A MICROFABRICATED PERMANENT-MAGNET GENERATOR S. Das1 , D. P. Arnold2 presents the design, fabrication, and characterization of permanent-magnet (PM) generators for use, coupled to a transformer and rectifier, delivers 1.1 W of DC electrical power to a resistive load

258

Permanent-magnet helicon sources and arrays: A new type of rf plasmaa... Francis F. Chenb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permanent-magnet helicon sources and arrays: A new type of rf plasmaa... Francis F. Chenb mechanism of rf coupling. However, the requirement of a dc magnetic field has prevented their wide acceptance in industry. The use of permanent magnets greatly simplifies helicon sources, and arrays of small

Chen, Francis F.

259

Selecting the appropriate input data set when configuring a permanent workforce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of new personnel planning and scheduling problems for management. With over 70% of the global workforceSelecting the appropriate input data set when configuring a permanent workforce Jonathan F. Bard to use when running a scheduling model to select a permanent workforce for a service facility. Because

Bard, Jonathan

260

Magnetic Field Created by Tile Permanent R. Ravaud, G. Lemarquand, V. Lemarquand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Magnetic Field Created by Tile Permanent Magnets R. Ravaud, G. Lemarquand, V. Lemarquand Abstract1 This paper presents the analytical calculation of the three components of the magnetic field created by2 tile permanent magnets whose magnetization is either radial or axial. The calculations

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition Stories of Discovery & Innovation Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition Enlarge Photo Getty Images Bitmap indices translate variable values into strings of bits, or 1's and 0's. These indices tend to be very efficient because computer processors are optimized to perform so-called logical operations on bits. Enlarge Photo Illustration: A. Tovey Source: Wu, Otto, and 05.31.11 Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition Software developed for analyzing physics data finds powerful commercial applications. Our world is increasingly data-driven, whether we are searching for information on our home computer, accessing databases for everything from medical records to financial data, or scanning the depths of outer

262

Questions and Answers - Why is a non-permanent, but long lasting, magnet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Which jobs use electromagnets? Which jobs use electromagnets? Previous Question (Which jobs use electromagnets?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (Can you turn something into a magnet by banging on it in a specific way?) Can you turn something into a magnetby banging on it in a specific way? Why is a non-permanent, but long lasting, magnet called a permanent magnet? Permanent magnets are magnets that you don't have to use energy to make them magnetic. Some types of permanent magnets, relative to the length of lives of humans, are pretty close to permanent. They decay slowly, but they do decay. When most of the magnetic domains in a material align in one direction you can call that a magnet. It helps if you can imagine a magnet as being made up of a bunch of little magnets. Each one has tiny North and

263

High speed imager test station  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A test station enables the performance of a solid state imager (herein called a focal plane array or FPA) to be determined at high image frame rates. A programmable waveform generator is adapted to generate clock pulses at determinable rates for clock light-induced charges from a FPA. The FPA is mounted on an imager header board for placing the imager in operable proximity to level shifters for receiving the clock pulses and outputting pulses effective to clock charge from the pixels forming the FPA. Each of the clock level shifters is driven by leading and trailing edge portions of the clock pulses to reduce power dissipation in the FPA. Analog circuits receive output charge pulses clocked from the FPA pixels. The analog circuits condition the charge pulses to cancel noise in the pulses and to determine and hold a peak value of the charge for digitizing. A high speed digitizer receives the peak signal value and outputs a digital representation of each one of the charge pulses. A video system then displays an image associated with the digital representation of the output charge pulses clocked from the FPA. In one embodiment, the FPA image is formatted to a standard video format for display on conventional video equipment. 12 figs.

Yates, G.J.; Albright, K.L.; Turko, B.T.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

264

High speed imager test station  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A test station enables the performance of a solid state imager (herein called a focal plane array or FPA) to be determined at high image frame rates. A programmable waveform generator is adapted to generate clock pulses at determinable rates for clock light-induced charges from a FPA. The FPA is mounted on an imager header board for placing the imager in operable proximity to level shifters for receiving the clock pulses and outputting pulses effective to clock charge from the pixels forming the FPA. Each of the clock level shifters is driven by leading and trailing edge portions of the clock pulses to reduce power dissipation in the FPA. Analog circuits receive output charge pulses clocked from the FPA pixels. The analog circuits condition the charge pulses to cancel noise in the pulses and to determine and hold a peak value of the charge for digitizing. A high speed digitizer receives the peak signal value and outputs a digital representation of each one of the charge pulses. A video system then displays an image associated with the digital representation of the output charge pulses clocked from the FPA. In one embodiment, the FPA image is formatted to a standard video format for display on conventional video equipment.

Yates, George J. (Santa Fe, NM); Albright, Kevin L. (Los Alamos, NM); Turko, Bojan T. (Moraga, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Reliability models of wind farms considering wind speed correlation and WTG outage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind speed correlation and wind turbine generator (WTG) outage are two factors affecting the reliability model of wind farms, but they are not addressed simultaneously in the existing literature. Meanwhile, WTG outage is reported to be dependent with wind speed to some extent. Therefore, the extended reliability models of wind farms incorporating both of these two factors and the dependency between WTG outage and wind speed are proposed in this paper. To consider the uncertainties and dependencies of wind speed and WTG failure, Copula method is applied to simulate correlated random variables representing for wind speed and the number of failed WTG units. Moreover, the linear apportioning technique is used to create multistate reliability models of wind farms from hourly wind power models. A number of sensitivity analyses on the modified IEEE RTS with wind power are conducted to validate the proposed reliability models for generation adequacy assessment. Case studies show that the generation adequacy indices increase with the correlation of wind speed and WTG forced outage rate (FOR). It is meaningful to point out that the effect of dependency between wind speed and WTG FOR on generation adequacy is minimal when WTG outages are independent, but it will be substantially larger when WTG outages are highly dependent. The proposed multistate reliability models of wind farms provide foundation for the reliability assessment of power systems with wind power integrated.

Fan Chen; Fangxing Li; Zhinong Wei; Guoqiang Sun; Jun Li

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Heuristic correction of wind speed mesoscale models simulations for wind farms prospecting and micrositing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The distribution of surface-level wind speeds over a given area is important information that is related to several processes in wind farm prospecting, design and micrositing. This information is often obtained from simulations using mesoscale models that take variables from global models as starting points. Improved outputs from mesoscale models can lead to reduced error compared to real wind speeds in the study area if in situ wind speed measurements are available. In this paper, we present several techniques to correct surface wind speed simulations from mesoscale models using data from measuring stations in wind farms. Specifically, we propose different heuristic corrections of the outputs from mesoscale models by means of surface fitting between the Weibull parameters of the wind speed series (from the mesoscale model) and those from the measuring stations (real wind speed) in the wind farm. The proposed methodology has direct applications in wind farm design, site prospection and micrositing. The good performance of our method is evident in the more accurate surface wind speeds obtained from mesoscale models in two wind farm prospection sites in Spain, where several measuring towers are installed.

B. Saavedra-Moreno; S. Salcedo-Sanz; C. Casanova-Mateo; J.A. Portilla-Figueras; L. Prieto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Biointrusion test plan for the Permanent Isolation Surface Barrier Prototype  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a testing and monitoring plan for the biological component of the prototype barrier slated for construction at the Hanford Site. The prototype barrier is an aboveground structure engineered to demonstrate the basic features of an earthen cover system. It is designed to permanently isolate waste from the biosphere. The features of the barrier include multiple layers of soil and rock materials and a low-permeability asphalt sublayer. The surface of the barrier consists of silt loam soil, covered with plants. The barrier sides are reinforced with rock or coarse earthen-fill to protect against wind and water erosion. The sublayers inhibit plant and animal intrusion and percolation of water. A series of tests will be conducted on the prototype barrier over the next several years to evaluate barrier performance under extreme climatic conditions. Plants and animals will play a significant role in the hydrologic and water and wind erosion characteristics of the prototype barrier. Studies on the biological component of the prototype barrier will include work on the initial revegetation of the surface, continued monitoring of the developing plant community, rooting depth and dispersion in the context of biointrusion potential, the role of plants in the hydrology of the surface and toe regions of the barrier, the role of plants in stabilizing the surface against water and wind erosion, and the role of burrowing animals in the hydrology and water and wind erosion of the barrier.

Link, S.O.; Cadwell, L.L.; Brandt, C.A.; Downs, J.L.; Rossi, R.E.; Gee, G.W.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Relationship between design speed and operating speed at horizontal curves on suburban arterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DESIGN SPEED AND OPERATING SPEED AT HORIZONTAL CURVES ON SUBURBAN ARTERIALS A Thesis by CARL BRIAN SHAMBURGER Submitted to the OIIice of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1995 Major Subject: Civil Engineering RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DESIGN SPEED AND OPERATING SPEED AT HORIZONTAL CURVES ON SUBURBAN ARTERIALS A Thesis by CARL BRIAN SHAMBURGER Submitted to Texas A&M University...

Shamburger, Carl Brian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

269

Residential Furnace Blower Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, dominant in the market, with a Brushless Permanent Magnet (BPM) blower2 . Annual energy savings of the variable speed BPM motors were found to de

270

Measuring the Impacts of Speed Reduction Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Seoud, Edward Anderson #12;Background Identified as a problem area Sharp curve & excessive speed High crash;Comparison of Mean Zones - Southbound, Commercial Vehicles 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 -1300 -1100 -900-70 Speed Category Before After #12;At nearest rest area

Bertini, Robert L.

271

Aeroacoustic sources of high speed maglev trains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Noise has been identified as a potential source of concern associated with the introduction of high speed maglev trains into the existing transportation system in the United States. The first operational maglev systems have been shown to generate high noise levels at high speeds with noise levels over 100 dBA at 25 m typical for the maximum cruising speeds. At speeds greater than 150 miles per hour the dominant noise source is of aerodynamic origin proportional to the 6th power of velocity at high speeds and 8th power dependency at very high speeds. An investigation of the noisegenerated by maglev systems was conducted to determine noise sources develop noise criteria for high speed maglev systems prepare design guidelines for noise control and recommend an acoustic test facility for maglev research. This paper describes the findings of the study including recommendations for further research to develop a better understanding of the aerodynamic soundgeneration associated with high speed maglev operations. [Work performed under contract to U.S. Department of Transportation as part of the National Maglev Initiative.

Carl E. Hanson

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

On the constancy of light speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Method given for intuitively visualizing constancy of light speed. Using mass-energy equivalence, we can show with the help of simple thought experiments, that velocity time dilation and gravitational time dilation are a necessary consequence of principle of relativity. Speed of light is discussed in the context of each kind of time dilation.

Abdul Rouf

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Fact #719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable Transmissions  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Continuously variable transmissions (CVT) offer an infinite number of gear ratios that allow the engine to operate near peak efficiency throughout a wide range of vehicle speeds which improves fuel...

274

Variable Light-Cone Theory of Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how to reformulate Variable Speed of Light Theories (VSLT) in a covariant fashion as Variable Light-Cone Theories (VLCT) by introducing two vierbein bundles each associated with a distinct metric. The basic gravitational action relates to one bundle while matter propagates relative to the other in a conventional way. The variability of the speed of light is represented by the variability of the matter light-cone relative to the gravitational light-cone. The two bundles are related locally by an element M, of SL(4,R). The dynamics of the field M is that of a SL(4,R)-sigma model gauged with respect to local (orthochronous) Lorentz transformations on each of the bundles. Only the ``massless'' version of the model with a single new coupling, F, that has the same dimensions as Newton's constant $G_N$, is considered in this paper. When F vanishes the theory reduces to standard General Relativity. We verify that the modified Bianchi identities of the model are consistent with the standard conservation law for the matter energy-momentum tensor in its own background metric. The implications of the model for some simple applications are examined, the Newtonian limit, the flat FRW universe and the spherically symmetric static solution.

I. T. Drummond

1999-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

275

A "permanent" high-temperature superconducting magnet operated in thermal communication with a mass of solid nitrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis explores a new design for a portable "permanent" superconducting magnet system. The design is an alternative to permanent low-temperature superconducting (LTS) magnet systems where the magnet is cooled by a ...

Haid, Benjamin J. (Benjamin John Jerome), 1974-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Processing and Protection of Rare Earth Permanent Magnet Particulate for Bonded Magnet Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rapid solidification of novel mixed rare earth-iron-boron, MRE{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B (MRE = Nd, Y, Dy; currently), magnet alloys via high pressure gas atomization (HPGA) have produced similar properties and structures as closely related alloys produced by melt spinning (MS) at low wheel speeds. Recent additions of titanium carbide and zirconium to the permanent magnet (PM) alloy design in HPGA powder (using He atomization gas) have made it possible to achieve highly refined microstructures with magnetic properties approaching melt spun particulate at cooling rates of 10{sup 5}-10{sup 6}K/s. By producing HPGA powders with the desirable qualities of melt spun ribbon, the need for crushing ribbon was eliminated in bonded magnet fabrication. The spherical geometry of HPGA powders is more ideal for processing of bonded permanent magnets since higher loading fractions can be obtained during compression and injection molding. This increased volume loading of spherical PM powder can be predicted to yield a higher maximum energy product (BH){sub max} for bonded magnets in high performance applications. Passivation of RE-containing powder is warranted for the large-scale manufacturing of bonded magnets in applications with increased temperature and exposure to humidity. Irreversible magnetic losses due to oxidation and corrosion of particulates is a known drawback of RE-Fe-B based alloys during further processing, e.g. injection molding, as well as during use as a bonded magnet. To counteract these effects, a modified gas atomization chamber allowed for a novel approach to in situ passivation of solidified particle surfaces through injection of a reactive gas, nitrogen trifluoride (NF{sub 3}). The ability to control surface chemistry during atomization processing of fine spherical RE-Fe-B powders produced advantages over current processing methodologies. In particular, the capability to coat particles while 'in flight' may eliminate the need for post atomization treatment, otherwise a necessary step for oxidation and corrosion resistance. Stability of these thin films was attributed to the reduction of each RE's respective oxide during processing; recognizing that fluoride compounds exhibit a slightly higher (negative) free energy driving force for formation. Formation of RE-type fluorides on the surface was evidenced through x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Concurrent research with auger electron spectroscopy has been attempted to accurately quantify the depth of fluoride formation in order to grasp the extent of fluorination reactions with spherical and flake particulate. Gas fusion analysis on coated powders (dia. <45 {micro}m) from an optimized experiment indicated an as-atomized oxygen concentration of 343ppm, where typical, nonpassivated RE atomized alloys exhibit an average of 1800ppm oxygen. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) on the same powder revealed a decreased rate of oxidation at elevated temperatures up to 300 C, compared to similar uncoated powder.

Peter Kelly Sokolowski

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Analysis and Design of a High Power Density Axial Flux Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Machine Used for Stirling System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

a high power density axial flux permanent magnet linear synchronous machine and the stirling system will be introduced. This machine is a tubular axial flux permanent magnet machine. It comprises two parts: stator and mover. With the 2D finite-element ... Keywords: permanent magnet, stirling engine, linear motor

Ping Zheng; Xuhui Gan; Lin Li

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Secrtariat permanent de la CSRP, BP 25485, Dakar, Sngal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- Dakar, Senegal Tél. : (221) 33 832 89 95 E-mail: contact@awa-project.org www.awa-project.org/ https://www.facebook.com/TheAwaProject Project structure WP 0. Project management WP 1. Observation and modelling of ocean physics supporting with the impact of climate variability and of global warming on the upwelling système. Overexploitation combined

279

Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Beam(m) 0.6 Depth(m) 0.6 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The 2-Foot Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel is a vertical plane, closed recirculating, variable-speed, variable-pressure, open jet test section, closed jet test section, and semi-rectangular test section. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 17 Recirculating Yes

280

Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Beam(m) 0.7 Depth(m) 0.7 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel is a vertical plane, closed recirculating with resorber, variable-speed, variable-pressure, two interchangeable circular test sections. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 25.8 Recirculating Yes Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Statement of Secretaries Salazar and Chu on the Permanent Plugging of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Secretaries Salazar and Chu on the Permanent Plugging Secretaries Salazar and Chu on the Permanent Plugging of Macondo well Statement of Secretaries Salazar and Chu on the Permanent Plugging of Macondo well September 19, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar and Energy Secretary Steven Chu today issued the following statement regarding the permanent plugging of BP's Macondo well. "With the successful first intercept by the relief well and our confirmation through pressure tests that the cement plugs are secure, we can now declare BP's Macondo well effectively dead. At the direction of President Obama and under the leadership of National Incident Commander Thad Allen, we have worked tirelessly and relentlessly as a US Team to reach this point and to provide oversight and direction to the source

282

DOE-Sponsored Field Test Finds Potential for Permanent Storage of CO2 in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Field Test Finds Potential for Permanent Storage of Field Test Finds Potential for Permanent Storage of CO2 in Lignite Seams DOE-Sponsored Field Test Finds Potential for Permanent Storage of CO2 in Lignite Seams November 4, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A field test sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has demonstrated that opportunities to permanently store carbon in unmineable seams of lignite may be more widespread than previously documented. This finding supports national efforts to address climate change through long-term storage of CO2 in underground geologic reservoirs. Lowering the core barrel at the PCOR Partnership lignite site.The PCOR Partnership, one of seven partnerships in DOE's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program, collaborated with Eagle Operating Inc. (Kenmare, N.D.) to complete the field test in Burke County, N.D. In March

283

The overview and history of permanent magnet devices in accelerator technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews the early history of accelerator development with a particular focus on the important discoveries that opened the door for the application of permanent-magnet materials to this area of science. Researchers began to use permanent-magnet materials in particle accelerators soon after the invention of the alternating gradient principle, that showed magnetic fields could be used to control the transverse envelope of charged-particle beams. Since that time, permanent-magnet materials have found wide application in the modern charged particle accelerator. The history of permanent-magnet use in accelerator physics and technology is outlined, general design considerations are presented, and material properties of concern for particle accelerator applications are discussed.

Kraus, R.H. Jr.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Multipolar permanent-magnet synchronous generators intended for wind power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analytical method of calculating two-dimensional magnetic fields in the active section of permanent-magnet synchronous electrical rotating machines, as applied to their use in the wind energy industry, has be...

L. K. Kovalev; K. L. Kovalev; Ye. Ye. Tulinova; N. S. Ivanov

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Fabrication and Performance of Silicon-Embedded Permanent-Magnet Microgenerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper focuses on the design, fabrication, and characterization of silicon-packaged permanent-magnet (PM) microgenerators. The use of silicon packaging favors fine control on shape and dimensions in batch fabrication ...

Herrault, Florian

286

Permanent-Magnet A.C. and D.C. Machines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Problems of large permanent-magnet machines have been approached by study of new methods of in-situ magnetisation. Results obtained from an experimental magnetiser are reported, with a view to their...

B. J. Chalmers; E. Spooner; A. M. Sitzia…

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Evaluation of the filler effects on fatique cracking and permanent deformation of asphalt concrete mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The addition of hydrated lime to asphalt has shown to be beneficial with an improvement in the Theological properties of the binder, as well as resistance to permanent deformation (rutting) and fatigue cracking of asphalt concrete mixtures...

Izzo, Richard P

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Study of permanent deformation mechanism in asphalt mixes in relation to microcrack growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent developments by Lytton et al. (1998) indicate phics. that the growth of micrographs in asphalt layers under repeated loading is also a cause for the accumulation of permanent deformation or rutting in pavements besides the plastic strain...

Bhairampally, Rajesh Kumar

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Dissipation of Energy in Permanent Ocean Currents, with Some Relations between Salinities, Temperatures and Currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

6 April 1921 research-article The Dissipation of Energy in Permanent Ocean Currents, with Some Relations between Salinities, Temperatures and Currents R. O. Street The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve...

1921-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Dual Functional Polyelectrolyte Multilayer Coatings for Implants: Permanent Microbicidal Base with Controlled Release of Therapeutic Agents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we present a new bifunctional layer-by-layer (LbL) construct made by combining a permanent microbicidal polyelectrolyte multilayered (PEM) base film with a hydrolytically degradable PEM top film that offers controlled ...

Wong, Sze Yinn

291

Design and analysis of a permanent magnet generator for naval applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper discusses the electrical and magnetic design and analysis of a permanent magnet generation module for naval applications. Numerous design issues are addressed and several issues are raised about the potential ...

Rucker, Jonathan E. (Jonathan Estill)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

EA-1895: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

5: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of 5: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe, Clearwater County, Idaho EA-1895: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe, Clearwater County, Idaho Summary DOE's Bonneville Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of replacing an existing seasonal fish weir with a permanent weir, which would be used to monitor federally-listed Snake River steelhead and collect spring Chinook salmon adults to support ongoing supplementation programs in the watershed. The Bureau of Land Management, a cooperating agency, preliminarily determined Lolo Creek to be suitable for Congressional designation into the Wild and Scenic River System. The EA includes a Wild and Scenic River Section 7 analysis.

293

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Speeding Up Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Zeolite.png Schematic of an important class of porous materials known as zeolites. The large red structure in the center of this periodic structure is a cavity that might be a good candidate for adsorption of a gas such as carbon dioxide. The seven small red areas at the corners (plus the one hidden by the yellow ball) are not suitable and need to be eliminated from studies that attempt to predict guest-related properties using molecular simulation techniques. A new method developed at NERSC uses software to differentiate between suitable and unsuitable pockets, thereby speeding up discovery of new materials. Why it Matters: Capturing and sequestering waste carbon dioxide (CO2) is a

294

Low Speed Unsteady Aerodynamics Soumitra Banerjee*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low Speed Unsteady Aerodynamics Soumitra Banerjee* Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, 24061 Unsteady aerodynamics is the study of fluid flow, where the flow field changes with time. The unsteadiness is significant in many aerodynamic applications; few examples

Patil, Mayuresh

295

Wind Speed Forecasting for Power System Operation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to support large-scale integration of wind power into current electric energy system, accurate wind speed forecasting is essential, because the high variation and limited predictability of wind pose profound challenges to the power system...

Zhu, Xinxin

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

296

Clinton plan to speed cancer drug approval  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Clinton plan to speed cancer drug approval ... Accelerated approval and three other proposals "will affect at least 100 drugs now being studied," he notes, cutting FDA review time for some of these drugs from 12 months to six months. ...

1996-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

297

Assessment of Wind Speed Dependent Prediction Error  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investigations in this chapter follow the idea that the prediction error quantitatively depends on the meteorological situation that has to be predicted. As a first approach the wind speed as a main indicator...

Dr. Matthias Lange; Dr. Ulrich Focken

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

The invariance of the speed of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the conclusion of a recent experiment [arXiv:0912.3934] that claims to have discovered that "the speed of light seems to depend on the motion of the observer" is wrong.

Jerrold Franklin

2010-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

299

Note on Varying Speed of Light Cosmologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The various requirements on a consistent varying speed of light (`VSL') theory are surveyed, giving a short check-list of issues that should be satisfactorily handled by such theories.

George F R Ellis

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

300

One-way speed of light?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a comment on a paper by Greaves, Rodriguez, and Ruiz-Camacho [Am. J. Phys. 77, 894 (2009)] which reports a measurement of the one-way speed of light.

J. Finkelstein

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

On-the-fly machine-learning for high-throughput experiments: search for rare-earth-free permanent magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced materials characterization techniques with ever-growing data acquisition speed and storage capabilities represent a challenge in modern materials science, and new procedures to quickly assess and analyze the data are needed. Machine learning approaches are effective in reducing the complexity of data and rapidly homing in on the underlying trend in multi-dimensional data. Here, we show that by employing an algorithm called the mean shift theory to a large amount of diffraction data in high-throughput experimentation, one can streamline the process of delineating the structural evolution across compositional variations mapped on combinatorial libraries with minimal computational cost. Data collected at a synchrotron beamline are analyzed on the fly, and by integrating experimental data with the inorganic crystal structure database (ICSD), we can substantially enhance the accuracy in classifying the structural phases across ternary phase spaces. We have used this approach to identify a novel magnetic phase with enhanced magnetic anisotropy which is a candidate for rare-earth free permanent magnet.

Kusne, Aaron Gilad [University of Maryland; Gao, Tieren [University of Maryland; Mehta, Apurva [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory; Ke, Liqin [Ames Laboratory; Nguyen, Manh Cuong [Ames Laboratory; Ho, Kai-Ming [Ames Laboratory; Antropov, Vladimir [Ames Laboratory; Wang, Cai-Zhuang [Ames Laboratory; Kramer, Matthew J [Ames Laboratory; Long, Christian [University of Maryland; Takeuchi, Ichiro [University of Maryland

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

Speed selection for coupled wave equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss models for coupled wave equations describing interacting fields, focusing on the speed of travelling wave solutions. In particular, we propose a general mechanism for selecting and tuning the speed of the corresponding (multi-component) travelling wave solutions under certain physical conditions. A number of physical models (molecular chains, coupled Josephson junctions, propagation of kinks in chains of adsorbed atoms and domain walls) are considered as examples.

Mariano Cadoni; Giuseppe Gaeta

2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

303

Factors affecting the permanence of livestock projects undertaken by Heifer International-Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERMANENCE OF LIVESTOCK PROJECTS UNDERTAKEN BY HEIFER INTERNATIONAL-MEXICO A Thesis by SERGIO ADRIAN ARISPE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2003 Major Subject: Agricultural Education FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERMANENCE OF LIVESTOCK PROJECTS UNDERTAKEN BY HEIFER INTERNATIONAL-MEXICO A Thesis by SERGIO ADRIAN ARISPE Submitted to Texas A&M University...

Arispe, Sergio Adrian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

The effect of atmospheric pollutants on paper permanence: A literature review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The literature on the influence of atmospheric pollutants on paper permanence shows that the absorption of sulfur dioxide by paper depends on many factors. There is limited work on the effect of nitrogen dioxide on paper permanence. No data exists on the effect of ozone. Work on mixtures of gases is scarce. There is almost no literature on the relationship between the amount of pollutant gas absorbed and the strength loss of paper.

Gurnagul, N.; Zou, X. (PAPRICAN, Pointe Claire, Quebec (Canada))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Wind speed vertical distribution at Mt. Graham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The characterization of the wind speed vertical distribution V(h) is fundamental for an astronomical site for many different reasons: (1) the wind speed shear contributes to trigger optical turbulence in the whole troposphere, (2) a few of the astroclimatic parameters such as the wavefront coherence time (tau_0) depends directly on V(h), (3) the equivalent velocity V_0, controlling the frequency at which the adaptive optics systems have to run to work properly, depends on the vertical distribution of the wind speed and optical turbulence. Also, a too strong wind speed near the ground can introduce vibrations in the telescope structures. The wind speed at a precise pressure (200 hPa) has frequently been used to retrieve indications concerning the tau_0 and the frequency limits imposed to all instrumentation based on adaptive optics systems, but more recently it has been proved that V_200 (wind speed at 200 hPa) alone is not sufficient to provide exhaustive elements concerning this topic and that the vertical d...

Hagelin, S; Lascaux, F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Sliding mode-based DTC-SVM control of permanent magnet synchronous motors for plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a sliding mode controller design for a permanent magnet synchronous motor used in an integrated powertrain for plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles. In order to adapt to complicated driving environment and improve the robustness of the system, a sliding mode-based torque controller is developed. At the same time, a sliding mode speed controller is also proposed to meet the need of gear shift of the integrated powertrain. The stability and robustness of the proposed controllers are analysed. Computer simulations are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control system. The simulation results illustrate that fast response and small ripples are achieved using the proposed control scheme. It is also shown that the control system is robust against load variations, measurement errors and parameter uncertainty. In addition, the transition during shift is smooth. Therefore, the proposed control scheme is suitable for control of the propulsion motor for plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles.

Hong Fu; Yaobin Chen; Guangyu Tian; Quanshi Chen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

A Multivariate Analysis of Freeway Speed and Headway Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

key process is the generation of entry vehicle speeds and vehicle arrival times. It is helpful to find desirable mathematical distributions to model individual speed and headway values, because the individual vehicle speed and arrival time...

Zou, Yajie

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

308

A preliminary evaluation of a speed threshold incident detection algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

detection algorithm. San Antonio's new traffic management center, TransGuide, uses a new speed based algorithm, The TXDOT (Texas Department of Transportation) Speed algorithm. This research compares the TXDOT Speed algorithm with California algorithm #8...

Kolb, Stephanie Lang

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Einstein's special relativity beyond the speed of light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...special relativity beyond the speed of light James M. Hill Barry J. Cox...relative velocities greater than the speed of light, and that are complementary to...relative velocities less than the speed of light. The new transformations arise...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Is the Lorentz limiting speed equal to the Speed of Light? Photons vs Neutrino tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the possibility that the limiting speed (c_l) appearing in Lorentz equations might be different i.e., slightly larger than the observed speed of light (c_n). We show that such a possibility can be tested by state-of-the-art Michelson-Morley experiments, but also by careful measurement of neutrino speeds. It would indeed suffice to show that c_n light.

Jean-Marie Frere; Simon Mollet; Michel H. G. Tytgat

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

311

Permanent Magnet Generators (PMG) for Wind Turbines and Micro Hydro Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are essential differences in the design of systems for water/air flow kinetic energy conversion into mechanical energy. First of all, speeds of rotation of the turbine rotors are different: the speed of tho...

Ion Bostan; Adrian Gheorghe; Valeriu Dulgheru; Ion Sobor…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A study of the effect of posted speed limits on traffic speeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 60 C 50 JJ 40 Be fore After tti 0 U Ol DO 4) ts U U C 4) C U 4) I ) 4) 0 40 30 0 20 10 4 t 13. 0 14. 0 Ni 1 epos ts - S. H. 36 Location D-12 - West Columbia CI Be fore IED After 15. 0 FIGURE V. 11, LUSTRAT10N OF A... Distribution Curves for No Change in the Original 60-Nile-Par-Hour Speed Limit in District 12. Each Curve Represents Data Prom 7 Spot Speed Studies in 4 Locations. 37 12. 13. Cumulative Speed Distribution Curves for a Change in Speed Limit From 60 to 55...

Rowan, Neilon Joyce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

313

Is the Lorentz limiting speed equal to the speed of light? Photons vs neutrino tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the possibility that the “limiting speed” c limit (c l ...) appearing in Lorentz equations might be different (i.e. slightly larger) t...

Jean-Marie Frère; Simon Mollet; Michel H. G. Tytgat

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Brazil Technology Center Speeds the Pace of Innovation |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brazil Technology Center Speeds the Pace of Innovation The Brazil Technology Center Speeds the Pace of Innovation Bruno Betoni Parodi 2012.09.06 (Please find Portuguese translation...

315

Reduction of Emissions from a High Speed Ferry | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions from a High Speed Ferry Reduction of Emissions from a High Speed Ferry 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: West Virginia University 2003deerthompson.pdf More Documents &...

316

Energy Department Announces $10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces 10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal Systems into the Market Energy Department Announces 10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal Systems into the...

317

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Low-Speed Vehicle Low-Speed Vehicle Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low-Speed Vehicle Definition A low-speed vehicle is defined as a limited use automobile or truck that has a maximum speed greater than 20 miles per hour (mph) but not more than

318

Clinical recommendations for the use of D-speed film, E-speed film, and xeroradiography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article assesses the diagnostic utility, radiation dose, equipment reliability, patient acceptance, and costs associated with D-speed film, E-speed film, and dental xeroradiographs for intraoral imaging. From the analysis and review of laboratory studies and clinical trials, conclusions and recommendations are offered. 40 references.

Gratt, B.M.; White, S.C.; Halse, A.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Universal One-Way Light Speed from a Universal Light Speed Over Closed Paths  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper gives two complete and elementary proofs that if the speed of light over closed paths has a universal value c..., then it is possible to synchronize clocks in such a way that the one-way speed of light

Ettore Minguzzi; Alan Macdonald

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

MHL High Speed Cavitation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Speed Cavitation High Speed Cavitation Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name MHL High Speed Cavitation Overseeing Organization University of Michigan Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Channel Length(m) 0.8 Beam(m) 0.2 Depth(m) 0.2 Cost(per day) $2000(+ Labor/Materials) Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities Yes Maximum Velocity(m/s) 25.9 Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 25.9 Recirculating No Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Description Custom Data Acquisition System using National Instruments hardware; system compatible with Planing Hull and Floating Beam Dynamometers Number of channels 16 Bandwidth(kHz) 20 Cameras Yes

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Adjustable speed drive for residential applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a demonstration of an adjustable speed drive suitable for use in residential applications such as compressors and fans in heat pumps, air conditioners, and refrigerators. The adjustable speed drive uses only a four-diode rectifier and a six-transistor six-diode inverter and does not require a source-frequency filter inductor or capacitor. Motor speed is adjusted with source-frequency phase control eliminating the switching loss and electromagnetic interference caused by the more commonly used high-frequency pulse-width modulation. Low source-current distortion and high power factor are obtained at a full-load operating point which is found using a parametric analysis.

Jungreis, A.M.; Kelley, A.W. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Measuring the speed of cosmological gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In general relativity gravitational waves propagate at the speed of light, however in alternative theories of gravity that might not be the case. We study the effects of a modified speed of gravity, $c_T^2$, on the B-modes of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropy in polarisation. We find that a departure from the light speed value would leave a characteristic imprint on the BB spectrum part induced by tensors, manifesting as a shift in the angular scale of its peaks. We derive constraints by using the available {\\it Planck} and BICEP2 datasets showing how $c_T^2$ can be measured, albeit obtaining weak constraints due to the overall poor accuracy of the current BB power spectrum measurements. The present constraint corresponds to $c_T^2 = 1.30 \\pm 0.79$ and $c_T^2measurements, largely due to the absence of degeneracy with other cosmological parameters.

Marco Raveri; Carlo Baccigalupi; Alessandra Silvestri; Shuang-Yong Zhou

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

323

CRADA Final Report: Application of Dual-Mode Invertor Control to Commercially Available Radial-Gap Permanent Magnet Motors - Vol. 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

John Deere and Company (Deere), their partner, UQM Technologies, Inc. (UQM), and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL's) Power Electronics and Electric Machinery Research Center (PEEMRC) recently completed work on the cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) Number ORNL 04-0691 outlined in this report. CRADA 04-0691 addresses two topical issues of interest to Deere: (1) Improved characterization of hydrogen storage and heat-transfer management; and (2) Potential benefits from advanced electric motor traction-drive technologies. This report presents the findings of the collaborative examination of potential operational and cost benefits from using ORNL/PEEMRC dual-mode inverter control (DMIC) to drive permanent magnet (PM) motors in applications of interest to Deere. DMIC was initially developed and patented by ORNL to enable PM motors to be driven to speeds far above base speed where the back-electromotive force (emf) equals the source voltage where it is increasingly difficult to inject current into the motor. DMIC is a modification of conventional phase advance (CPA). DMIC's dual-speed modes are below base speed, where traditional pulse-width modulation (PWM) achieves maximum torque per ampere (amp), and above base speed, where six-step operation achieves maximum power per amp. The modification that enables DMIC adds two anti-parallel thyristors in each of the three motor phases, which consequently adds the cost of six thyristors. Two features evaluated in this collaboration with potential to justify the additional thyristor cost were a possible reduction in motor cost and savings during operation because of higher efficiency, both permitted because of lower current. The collaborative analysis showed that the reduction of motor cost and base cost of the inverter was small, while the cost of adding six thyristors was greater than anticipated. Modeling the DMIC control displayed inverter efficiency gains due to reduced current, especially under light load and higher speed. This current reduction, which is the salient feature of DMIC, may be significant when operating duty cycles have low loads at high frequencies. Reduced copper losses make operation more efficient thereby reducing operating costs. In the Deere applications selected for this study, the operating benefit was overshadowed by the motor's rotational losses. Rotational losses of Deere 1 and Deere 2 dominate the overall drive efficiency so that their reduction has the greatest potential to improve performance. A good follow-up project would be to explore cost erective ways to reduce the rotational losses buy 66%.

Lawler, J.S. (U. Tennessee-Knoxville); McKeever, J.W.; Downing, M.E.; Stahlhut, R.D (John Deere); Bremmer, R. (John Deere); Shoemaker, J.M. (John Deere); Seksarian, A.K. (john Deere); Poore, B. (John Deere); Lutz, J. (UQM)

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Sound Speed Perturbations Due to Internal Tides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Internal tides are perhaps the most prevalent and largest amplitude internal gravity waves in the ocean. They are commonly generated by the scattering of surfacetidal energy into internal modes when the surfacetides propagate on to continental shelves. A portion of the internal tidal energy propagates into the deep ocean. One of the effects of internal tides on underwater acoustic propagation is to perturb the temperature and salinity versus depth profiles and thus the sound speed versus depth profile. Starting with temperature and salinity versus depth profiles from near Eleuthera Island the internal tide eigenfunctions as well as the sound speed profile have been computed for a water depth of 4500 m. Assuming a value for the vertical displacement amplitude of a first vertical mode internal tide the perturbed temperature and salinity profiles have been computed. From these perturbed profiles the consequent perturbed sound speed profiles have been computed for cases of maximum up and down internal tide displacement. The first mode internal tide has no vertical displacement at the sea surface and bottom and a maximum near the base of the main thermocline (depth of about 1200 m). Since the SOFAR axis is also near the base of the main thermocline and since the pressureeffects on sound speed are predominant below the SOFAR axis the sound speed perturbation due to the first mode internal tide is greatest at a depth (about 550 m) above the SOFAR axis. An internal tide with a maximum vertical displacement of 10 m produces a maximum sound speed perturbation of ±0.7 m/sec.

Christopher N. K. Mooers

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

On-chip high speed localized cooling using superlattice microrefrigerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cooling, microrefrigerators, optoelectronics, superlattice,in high power, high-speed optoelectronics devices, and

Zhang, Y; Christofferson, J; Shakouri, A; Zeng, G H; Bowers, J E; Croke, E T

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Motion at High Speed Did you read chapter 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fast is "high speed" 50 mph 225 mphp 550 mph 39,000 mph Speed of light: 670,000,000 mph Extends off/20,000 of the speed of li hlight All Motion is relative We must define a reference frame in which to measure/Morley experiment. Albert Michelson Conclusion: Light does not obey Galilean relativity! Relativity and the Speed

Hart, Gus

327

Temporal and spatial variability of wind resources in the United States as derived from the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the spatial and temporal variability of wind speed at 80 m above ground (the average hub height of most modern wind turbines) in the contiguous United States using Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) data from 1979 to ...

Lejiang Yu; Shiyuan Zhong; Xindi Bian; Warren E. Heilman

328

Wind variability in the northwestern part of the Black Sea from the offshore fixed platform observation data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The statistically ensured estimates of characteristics of temporal variability of wind speed and wind direction are obtained on the basis of ... observations carried out in 1996–2001 at the offshore fixed platfor...

A. V. Garmashov; A. B. Polonskii

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Limited Speed Vehicle Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Limited Speed Vehicle Access to Roadways A limited speed vehicle is defined as a vehicle that is capable of

330

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Low-Speed Vehicle Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low-Speed Vehicle Inspection Exemption Low-speed vehicles are exempt from annual state vehicle inspections.

331

B Y L E O N M . T O L B E R T , WI L L I A M A . P E T E R S O N , T I M O T H Y J . T H E I S S , & M A T T H E W B . S C U D I E R E  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a radial-gap permanent magnet (PM) alternator at variable speed. The speed of the engine is determined from. Brushless synchro- nous machines are presently used to convert the mechani- cal power of the rotating shaft

Tolbert, Leon M.

332

Better Unitary Equipment Air-Handlers for Efficiency and Humidity Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

procedure gives too little credit for advanced air handlers that reduce air conditioning load and facilitate adaptive humidity control through automatic fan speed adjustment. DC permanent magnet variable speed motors have much lower market share than less...

Sachs, H. M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

GRR/Section 3-TX-d - Lease of Permanent School Fund Land | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-TX-d - Lease of Permanent School Fund Land 3-TX-d - Lease of Permanent School Fund Land < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-TX-d - Lease of Permanent School Fund Land 03-TX-d - Lease of Public School Fund Land (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03-TX-d - Lease of Public School Fund Land (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the process of leasing Public School Fund (PSF) lands in Texas. The Texas General Land Office (GLO) oversees the leasing process for PSF lands through Title 31 of the Texas Administrative Code

334

Speed estimation using single loop detector outputs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...................................................................................10 2.1 Introduction ........................................................................................10 2.2 Vehicle Detectors ...............................................................................10 2.3 Description of the Speed....4 Hourly traffic volumes from the IH-35 test bed in Austin on Oct. 27, 2004 38 Fig 3.5 Layout of the simulated freeway section ...................................................... 41 Fig. 4.1 Average vehicle lengths over time...

Ye, Zhirui

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Speed estimation using single loop detector outputs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

...................................................................................10 2.1 Introduction ........................................................................................10 2.2 Vehicle Detectors ...............................................................................10 2.3 Description of the Speed....4 Hourly traffic volumes from the IH-35 test bed in Austin on Oct. 27, 2004 38 Fig 3.5 Layout of the simulated freeway section ...................................................... 41 Fig. 4.1 Average vehicle lengths over time...

Ye, Zhirui

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

336

A New Method of Measuring Sperm Speeds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the following footnote occurs on p. 89: "Fiirthmade systematic counts of the number of pedestrians in a [street] block every five seconds.... It is amusing that by ... kind made by Furth it is possible actually to determine the average speed of a pedestrian !" The principle involved in such determinations is known as probability-after-effect, and ...

LORD ROTHSCHILD

1953-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

337

THE "LISTENING SPEED" PARADIGM FOR SYNTHESIS EVALUATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE "LISTENING SPEED" PARADIGM FOR SYNTHESIS EVALUATION Rolf Carlson, Björn Granström, Lennart al. study, the synthesis used was produced by the Votrax synthesizer, a widely used device measures, sentence listening time, word recognition and proposition recognition, correlated with text

Carlson, Rolf

338

Average Rate Speed Scaling Nikhil Bansal1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy. In this setting, the operating system must not only have a job selection policy to determine was deadline feasibility and the objective was to minimize the energy used. More precisely, each job i has of the speed to power function, this even spreading is energy optimal if the instance consists of only one job

Bunde, David

339

Average Rate Speed Scaling Nikhil Bansal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy. In this setting, the operating system must not only have a job selection policy to determine was deadline feasibility and the objective was to minimize the energy used. More precisely, each job i has of the speed to power function, this even spreading is energy optimal if the instance consists of only one job

Bunde, David

340

High speed optical quantum random number generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High speed optical quantum random number generation Martin F¨urst1,2,, Henning Weier1,2, Sebastian, ready-for-use quantum random number generator (QRNG) whose stochastic model is based on the ran- domness directly delivered to a PC, generated at a rate of up to 50 Mbit/s, clearly pass all tests relevant

Weinfurter, Harald

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

In-situ magnetization of NdFeB magnets for permanent magnet machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In-situ magnetizers are needed to facilitate the assembly of permanent magnet machines and to remagnetize the magnets after weakening due to a fault condition. The air-core magnetizer in association with the silicon steel lamination structure of the rotor has advantages over its iron-core counterpart. This novel method has been used to magnetize the NdFeB magnets in a 30-hp permanent magnet synchronous motor. The magnetizing capability for different magnetizer geometries was investigated for the magnetization of NdFeB material. The design, testing, and operation of this magnetizer are reported in this paper.

Chang, L.; Eastham, T.R.; Dawson, G.E. (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Queen's Univ., Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6 (CA))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Intracollisional interference in the pure rotational spectrum of HD: Determination of the permanent electric dipole moment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intensity of the pure rotational absorption spectrum of gaseous HD is measured as a function of density for pure HD and HD-He and HD-Ar mixtures. The decrease in the absorption coefficient with increasing density is consistent with a destructive intracollisional interference between the transitions involving the permanent and collision-induced dipole moments. The permanent dipole moment of the molecule in its ground vibrational state is found to be J dependent and in the range (8-10)×10-4 D.

J. Bradley Nelson and G. C. Tabisz

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Neural Control of the Self-Excited Induction Generator for Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a steady state and transient analysis of a stand alone Self Excited Induction Generator (SEIG) is presented. The conventional dynamic ... Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to model the induction generator

S. Zouggar; Y. Zidani; M. L. ELhafyani…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Robust Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis of Variable Speed Induction Motor Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

detection (FD) probability versus SNR. ........................ 33 2.6 Experimental setup: (a) faulty test motors, (b) DC generator, (c) 3-hp induction motor, (d) data acquisition board, (e) torque monitor, (f) oscilloscope, and (g) spectrum analyzer... detection (FD) probability versus SNR. ........................ 33 2.6 Experimental setup: (a) faulty test motors, (b) DC generator, (c) 3-hp induction motor, (d) data acquisition board, (e) torque monitor, (f) oscilloscope, and (g) spectrum analyzer...

Choi, Seungdeog

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

345

A study of the effect of variable speed machining on regenerative chatter in end milling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production rates. Therefore it is extremely important to avoid and suppress chatter in metal cutting processes. 1. 2. PREVIOUS RESEARCH Chatter has been well investigated by numerous researchers including Tobias (1958), Tlusty (1963), Merritt (1968...), Tlusty (1983), Fu (1984), and others used this method. This uneven insert spacing induces a phase change between subsequent cuts and therefore decreasing the resonance effect that leads to high amplitude chatter. However the major drawback of such a...

Dhayalan, Arun Kumar

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Performance Analysis of Air-Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This presentation was delivered at the U.S. Department of Energy Building America Technical Update meeting on April 29-30, 2013, in Denver, Colorado.

347

Quantifying Variability in Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Inventories of Alternative Middle Distillate Transportation Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The presence of variability in life cycle analysis (LCA) is inherent due to both inexact LCA procedures and variation of numerical inputs. ... Carbon storage in soils of traditional slash-and-burn agriculture up to 6 m depth (185 t ha-1) was not significantly lower than under a primary forest (196 t ha-1) but declined significantly under (semi-) permanent cultures (to 146-167 t ha-1). ...

Russell W. Stratton; Hsin Min Wong; James I. Hileman

2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

348

Would you keep speeding through a speed trap if you got a ticket there before?  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

you keep speeding through a speed trap if you got a ticket there before? you keep speeding through a speed trap if you got a ticket there before? Probably (hopefully) not. Likewise, taking advantage of lessons learned on our capital asset and clean-up projects is not only fiscally prudent, but also just makes good common sense. DOE Order 413.3B "Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets" re- quires formal lessons learned to be documented for a project, as follows:  Within 90 days of CD-3 approval, to cover up-front planning and design lessons learned  Within 90 days of CD-4 approval, to cover project execution and facility start-up les- sons learned These should be formal documents and should be submitted to OECM for sharing throughout the

349

Speed of the Earth : illusion and experience of speed and scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Speed of the Earth is a proposed sculpture dealing with light as pure experience within the context of short-lived rapid movement and large scale horizontal orientation within the environment. This will be accomplished ...

Benoff, Mitchell

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Variable Frequency Drives  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

How BPA Supports VFDs Rebates are available from your utility for Variable Frequency Drives on pumps 20hp or greater and storage fans.. Energy savings from VFDs vary and can...

351

Is the speed of light invariant or covariant?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

According to the theory of ether light propagates with constant speed c with respect to the absolute reference frame and with respect to any other reference frame the speed of light is covariant. According to the theory of special relativity the speed of light is invariant with respect to any reference frame. The new theory of reference frames gives a different answer to this question with the consideration of two speeds of light: the physical speed and the relativistic speed. After considering a few negative aspects of the two main theories a few fundamentals of the new theory are expounded.

Daniele Sasso

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

352

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 55, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2008 501 Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 55, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2008 501 Permanent Magnet. The proposed hybrid control scheme is applied to an electrical motor drive composed of an inverter coupled to a perma- nent magnet synchronous machine. An evolution which insures a fixed modulation frequency is also

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

353

Permanence Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration Man-Keun Kim  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permanence Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration By Man-Keun Kim Post Doctoral Fellow Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration 1. Introduction Land-based soil carbon sequestration has been explored the potential of land-based carbon sequestration strategies in the US such as afforestation

McCarl, Bruce A.

354

FEL performance with pure permanent-magnet undulators having optimized ordering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The degradation of FEL performance by field errors can be greatly mitigated in a pure permanent-magnet undulator by appropriate ordering of magnets. Monte Carlo techniques have been used to obtain such optimized ordering for various systems. The resulting performance improvement has been evaluated using the Rocketdyne simulation code FELOPT.

R.A. Cover; B.L. Bobbs; G. Rakowsky; M.M. Johnson; S.P. Mills

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Permanent Closure of MFC Biodiesel Underground Storage Tank 99ANL00013  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This closure package documents the site assessment and permanent closure of the Materials and Fuels Complex biodiesel underground storage tank 99ANL00013 in accordance with the regulatory requirements established in 40 CFR 280.71, “Technical Standards and Corrective Action Requirements for Owners and Operators of Underground Storage Tanks: Out-of-Service UST Systems and Closure.”

Kerry L. Nisson

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Method and apparatus for sensorless operation of brushless permanent magnet motors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A sensorless method and apparatus for providing commutation timing signals for a brushless permanent magnet motor extracts the third harmonic back-emf of a three-phase stator winding and independently cyclically integrates the positive and negative half-cycles thereof and compares the results to a reference level associated with a desired commutation angle. 23 figs.

Sriram, T.V.

1998-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

357

Permanent shadow in simple craters near the lunar poles D. Ben J. Bussey,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planetology: Solid Surface Planets: Remote sensing; 6250 Planetology: Solar System Objects: Moon (1221, such as the floors of impact craters, may be in permanent shadow, whilst high areas may receive near constant solar) that any water molecule in a polar cold trap will not have the thermal energy to escape [Watson et al

Spudis, Paul D.

358

Author's personal copy Mapping and characterization of non-polar permanent shadows on the lunar surface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as close to the equator as ±58° of latitude. These results were obtained through application of a ray. Each permanent shadow on the equator side of ±65° of latitude is shown in detail. Surface brightness Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS), the Deep Impact High-Resolution Instru- ment-IR spectrometer (HRI

Spudis, Paul D.

359

AN ISSUE OF PERMANENCE: ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TEMPORARY CARBON STORAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a `leaky' carbon sequestration reservoir, we argue that this is an issue that applies to just about all that the value of relatively deep ocean carbon sequestration can be nearly equivalent to permanent sequestration gases using carbon sequestration technologies (Herzog et al., 2000; Herzog, 2001) is being proposed

360

Permanent Bubble Arrays from a Cross-Linked Poly(para-phenyleneethynylene): Picoliter Holes without Microfabrication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Permanent Bubble Arrays from a Cross-Linked Poly(para-phenyleneethynylene): Picoliter Holes without). The holes are formed by heating self-assembled bubble arrays (from 4) to 300 °C. They will be useful evaporating solvents generate hexagonally ordered bubble arrays when moist air is used to evaporate

Srinivasarao, Mohan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Mercury, Methylmercury, and Other Constituents in Sediment and Water from Seasonal and Permanent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wetlands in the Cache Creek Settling Basin and Yolo Bypass, Yolo County, California, 2005-06 Open File Creek Settling Basin and Yolo Bypass, Yolo County, California, 2005-06 By Mark Marvin and permanent wetlands in the Cache Creek Settling Basin and Yolo Bypass, Yolo County, California, 2005-06: U

362

LIRR High-Speed Flywheel Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LIRR High-Speed Flywheel LIRR High-Speed Flywheel Demonstration Guy Sliker Program Manager Research & Technology Development New York Power Authority This project is part of the Joint Energy Storage Initiative between the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE/ESS), and managed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Presentation Layout Introduction Flywheel Description Project Reasoning Project Objective Project Participants Expected Benefits New York Power Authority Highlights A public benefit energy corporation founded 1931 Largest non-federal public electric utility in United States Wholesale power supplier throughout New York State and neighboring states as required by law

363

Wind Speed Data Analysis using Wavelet Transform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract—Renewable energy systems are becoming a topic of great interest and investment in the world. In recent years wind power generation has experienced a very fast development in the whole world. For planning and successful implementations of good wind power plant projects, wind potential measurements are required. In these projects, of great importance is the effective choice of the micro location for wind potential measurements, installation of the measurement station with the appropriate measuring equipment, its maintenance and analysis of the gained data on wind potential characteristics. In this paper, a wavelet transform has been applied to analyze the wind speed data in the context of insight in the characteristics of the wind and the selection of suitable locations that could be the subject of a wind farm construction. This approach shows that it can be a useful tool in investigation of wind potential. Keywords—Wind potential, Wind speed data, Wavelet transform.

S. Avdakovic; A. Lukac; A. Nuhanovic; M. Music

364

Gas Model of Gravitons with Light Speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We first review some aspects of gravitational wave and the thermodynamic expression of Einstein field equations, these achieved conclusions allow people to think of Einstein's gravitational wave as a kind of sound wave in ordinary gas which propagates as an adiabatic compression wave. In the following, using the properties of photon gas in "white wall box", we find an analogous relationship between ordinary gas and photon gas through sound velocity formula. At last, by taking the ordinary gas as an intermediary, we find that gravitational wave is analogous to photon gas, or equally, gravitons are analogous to photons although they are different in some ways such as spins and coupling strengths, and these different properties don't affect their propagation speeds. Utilizing this analogous relationship, we achieve the gas model of gravitons and this model naturally gives out the light speed of gravitons

Ming Chen; Yong-Chang Huang

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

365

Measuring the speed of cosmological gravitational waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effects of a modified speed of gravitational waves (tensor modes), $c_T^2$ on the B-modes of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropy in polarisation. We find that a departure from the light speed value would leave a characteristic imprint on the BB spectrum part induced by tensors, manifesting as a shift in the angular scale of its peaks. We derive constraints by using the available Planck and BICEP2 datasets showing how $c_T^2$ can be measured, albeit obtaining weak constraints due to the overall poor accuracy of the current BB power spectrum measurements. The present constraint corresponds to $c_T^2 = 1.30 \\pm 0.79$ and $c_T^2measurements, largely due...

Raveri, Marco; Zhou, Shuang-Yong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Data Capture Technique for High Speed Signaling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A data capture technique for high speed signaling to allow for optimal sampling of an asynchronous data stream. This technique allows for extremely high data rates and does not require that a clock be sent with the data as is done in source synchronous systems. The present invention also provides a hardware mechanism for automatically adjusting transmission delays for optimal two-bit simultaneous bi-directional (SiBiDi) signaling.

Barrett, Wayne Melvin (Rochester, MN); Chen, Dong (Croton On Hudson, NY); Coteus, Paul William (Yorktwon Heights, NY); Gara, Alan Gene (Mount Kisco, NY); Jackson, Rory (Eastchester, NY); Kopcsay, Gerard Vincent (Yorktown Hieghts, NY); Nathanson, Ben Jesse (Teaneck, NY); Vranas, Paylos Michael (Bedford Hills, NY); Takken, Todd E. (Brewster, NY)

2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

367

Resonant speed meter for gravitational wave detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravitational-wave detectors have been well developed and operated with high sensitivity. However, they still suffer from mirror displacement noise. In this paper, we propose a resonant speed meter, as a displacement noise-canceled configuration based on a ring-shaped synchronous recycling interferometer. The remarkable feature of this interferometer is that, at certain frequencies, gravitational-wave signals are amplified, while displacement noises are not.

Atsushi Nishizawa; Seiji Kawamura; Masa-aki Sakagami

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Energy curable compositions having improved cure speeds  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A composition and method provide improved physical properties and cure speed of polyurethane precursors, with or without free radical polymerizable monomers or oligomers present, by use of a two component catalyst system. The resin blend can be activated with a latent organometallic catalyst combined with an organic peroxide which can be a hydroperoxide or an acyl peroxide to decrease the cure time while increasing the break energy and tangent modulus of the system.

Halm, Leo W. (Blaine, MN)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Quantum superpositions of the speed of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While it has often been proposed that, fundamentally, Lorentz-invariance is not respected in a quantum theory of gravity, it has been difficult to reconcile deviations from Lorentz-invariance with quantum field theory. The most commonly used mechanisms either break Lorentz-invariance explicitly or deform it at high energies. However, the former option is very tightly constrained by experiment already, the latter generically leads to problems with locality. We show here that there exists a third way to integrate deviations from Lorentz-invariance into quantum field theory that circumvents the problems of the other approaches. The way this is achieved is an extension of the standard model in which photons can have different speeds without singling out a preferred restframe, but only as long as they are in a quantum superposition. Once a measurement has been made, observables are subject to the laws of special relativity, and the process of measurement introduces a preferred frame. The speed of light can take on different values, both superluminal and subluminal (with respect to the usual value of the speed of light), without the need for Lorentz-invariance violating operators and without tachyons. We briefly discuss the relation to deformations of special relativity and phenomenological consequences.

Sabine Hossenfelder

2012-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

370

Bulk SmCo5/a-Fe nanocomposite permanent magnets fabricated by mould-free Joule-heating compaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bulk SmCo5/a-Fe nanocomposite permanent magnets fabricated by mould-free Joule-heating compaction and soft magnetic phases.1­3 The prerequisite for effective exchange coupling is a small grain size, which are used to produce single-phase microcrystalline permanent magnets, are ineffective in producing

Liu, J. Ping

371

Power-Factor and Torque Calculation with Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

motor of a hybrid electric vehicle. I. INTRODUCTION The interior permanent magnet synchronous motor for application in a hybrid electric vehicle. The BFE structure enables the motor to control the magnitude Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation Seong Taek Lee1,2 , Timothy A. Burress1

Tolbert, Leon M.

372

On the Analysis of Reed Solomon Coding for Resilience to Transient/Permanent Faults in Highly Reliable Memories  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single Event Upsets (SEU) as well as permanent faults can significantly affect the correct on-line operation of digital systems, such as memories and microprocessors; a memory can be made resilient to permanent and transient faults by using modular redundancy ... Keywords: High Reliability Systems, Reliability Evaluation, Reed-Solomon Codes, Scrubbing, Dynamic Redundancy

L. Schiano; M. Ottavi; F. Lombardi; S. Pontarelli; A. Salsano

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Speed Map for Autonomous Rovers over Rough Terrain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presented here: fuzzy logic, reactive control, and machineto speed control is to utilize fuzzy logic. Fuzzy logic wascontrol, this is a new area of research where reactive speed controller, fuzzy logic,

Loh, Jonathan Edau

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Nationwide: Slashing Red Tape To Speed Solar Deployment for Homes...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Slashing Red Tape To Speed Solar Deployment for Homes and Businesses Nationwide: Slashing Red Tape To Speed Solar Deployment for Homes and Businesses January 24, 2014 - 12:00am...

375

Using video-oriented instructions to speed up sequence comparison  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article ORIGINAL PAPERS Using video-oriented instructions to speed up sequence...and nucleic sequences, using specialized video instructions. These instructions, SIMD-like...Andrzej.Wozniak@inria.fr Using video-oriented instructions to speed up sequence......

A. Wozniak

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

New Enzyme Speeds Up Biomass-to-Sugar Conversion | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

New Enzyme Speeds Up Biomass-to-Sugar Conversion New Enzyme Speeds Up Biomass-to-Sugar Conversion January 28, 2015 - 1:32pm Addthis Scientists at the Energy Department's National...

377

Low voltage amplifier architecture for high speed switched capacitor circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This work concentrates on circuit realization of high speed and low voltage switched capacitor circuits, with emphasis on the operational transconductance amplifier (OTA). An overview of switched capacitor circuits is given. Speed and voltage...

Shankar, Asit

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

378

Improving WRF-ARW Wind Speed Predictions using Genetic Programming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerical weather prediction models can produce wind speed forecasts at a very high space resolution. ... that GP is able to successfully downscale the wind speed predictions, reducing significantly the inherent ...

Giovanna Martinez-Arellano; Lars Nolle…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Wind-Speed Undulations Over Swell: Field Experiment and Interpretation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of field measurements of the swell-induced undulation of the wind speed taken from a Black Sea platform are presented. The wind speed and its fluctuations were measured at several ... m above the mean sea...

Y. P. Soloviev; V. N. Kudryavtsev

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Solar cycle dependence of global distribution of solar wind speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review is given of observational results concerning the solar cycle dependence of the global structure of solar wind speed distribution during the years from 1973 to 1987. Since observations of solar wind speed

Masayoshi Kojima; Takakiyo Kakinuma

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Photosynthetic Rate of a Plant Community and Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The previous chapter illustrated not only that wind speed affects the photosynthetic rate, but also that ... single leaves, may be affected by the wind speed. Thus, to uncover facts about the...

Kazutoshi Yabuki

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings Riddell Revolution Speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2011 Riddell Revolution Speed Helmet ID SPEED1 SPEED2: A total of 10 adult football helmet models were evaluated using the STAR evaluation system for May 2011.397 0.350 0.322 Overall STAR 0.356 Very Good: Adult Football Helmet Detailed Ratings May 2011 #12

Lu, Chang

383

Ris-R-1563(EN) ACCUWIND -Accurate Wind Speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1563(EN) ACCUWIND - Accurate Wind Speed Measurements in Wind Energy Summary Report Troels (RIS�) Title: ACCUWIND ­ Accurate Wind Speed Measurements in Wind Energy ­ Summary Report Department speed measurement in wind energy. It is being applied in high numbers around the world for wind energy

384

Deadline Scheduling and Power Management for Speed Bounded Processors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be scaled arbitrarily high (the infinite speed model), SOA can complete all jobs with reduced energy usage,15,23,24] enables a processor to vary the speed dynamically. Running a job slower reduces energy usage, but it takes online job scheduling with speed scaling and energy usage taken into consideration. The challenge arises

Wong, Prudence W.H.

385

DISCRETE QUANTUM MECHANICS AND THE SPEED OF LIGHT JOSEPH TOLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DISCRETE QUANTUM MECHANICS AND THE SPEED OF LIGHT JOSEPH TOLES From S. McAdam, Unknowable Matters that nothing can travel faster than the speed of light. So instead of showing that it's impossible to determine the speed of light. 2. Associated Physics Photons are the smallest single unit of transverse electromagnetic

Morrow, James A.

386

Time, Clocks and the Speed of Light Vasco Guerra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time, Clocks and the Speed of Light Vasco Guerra and Rodrigo de Abreu Departamento de Física of the constancy of the two-way speed of light simply results from the construction of clocks where tic-way speed of light is very general and has to be true both within Special Relativity and its "equivalence

Guerra, Vasco

387

Measuring the Speed of Light Lab Manual by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring the Speed of Light Lab Manual by: Eric Mueller Dan Passmore #12;Introduction When you to measure the speed of light. Nearly by definition, there is nothing fast enough to trip a clock on light want to measure the speed of something, how do you do it? Generally, you measure off a specific

Dai, Pengcheng

388

High–speed digital optical processing in future networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to be carried out at ultra-high speed in the optical domain, without O...along an optical waveguide at the speed of light. We suggest that the way towards powerful data processing at high speed is to use digital optical processing...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Scientific Method, Statistical Method, and the Speed of Light.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scientific Method, Statistical Method, and the Speed of Light. R.J. Mackay and R.W. Oldford Working on the speed of light carried out by A.A. Michelson in 1879. Our answer to the second question is negative. To understand this a history on the speed of light up to the time of Michelson's study is presented. The larger

Oldford, R.W.

390

JUPITER AND SPEED OF LIGHT Author: Jaka Klement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seminar JUPITER AND SPEED OF LIGHT Author: Jaka Klement Advisor: prof. dr. Tomaz Zwitter Ljubljana, solving the problem of determining longitude and determining the speed of light. The experiment at the end, a very interesting and nontrivial matter as the speed of light. #12;2 Contents 1. INTRODUCTION (ABOUT

Â?umer, Slobodan

391

Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LIGHT!! #12;Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c' C = 3 x 108 m/s Or 190.nasa.gov #12;The speed of light The speed of light `c' is equal to the frequency ` times the wavelength,000 miles/second!! Light could travel around the world about 8 times in one second #12;What is light?? Light

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

392

ccsd00000548 COMMENTS ON "MEASURING THE GRAVITY SPEED BY VLBI"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ccsd­00000548 (version 1) : 18 Aug 2003 COMMENTS ON "MEASURING THE GRAVITY SPEED BY VLBI" H. ASADA the light speed. Such a di#11;erence may play a vital role in the primordial universe. In recent, Kopeikin and Fomalont claimed the #12;rst measurement of the gravity speed by VLBI. However, the measurement has

393

Lorentz transformation directly from the invariance of the speed of light via the addition law of parallel speeds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that starting with the addition law of parallel speeds derived as a consequence of the invariance of the speed of light, the Lorentz transformations for the space-time coordinates can be derived.

Bernhard Rothenstein

2007-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

394

Speed-line for 3D animation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee Members, Carol LaFayette John Keyser Head of Department, Mardelle Shepley December 2005 Major Subject: Visualization Sciences iii ABSTRACT Speed-Line for 3D Animation. (December 2005) Won Chan Song, B.F.A., Ringling School of Art and Design Chair... to thank my committee members, Prof. Carol LaFayette and Dr. John Keyser for their advice and feedback. My gratitude also goes to Hobart Chan for letting me borrow his car model, which saved me a huge amount of time when I was making an animation as a...

Song, Won Chan

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

395

Effective speed of sound in phononic crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new formula for the effective quasistatic speed of sound $c$ in 2D and 3D periodic materials is reported. The approach uses a monodromy-matrix operator to enable direct integration in one of the coordinates and exponentially fast convergence in others. As a result, the solution for $c$ has a more closed form than previous formulas. It significantly improves the efficiency and accuracy of evaluating $c$ for high-contrast composites as demonstrated by a 2D example with extreme behavior.

A. A. Kutsenko; A. L. Shuvalov; A. N. Norris

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

396

The parent wind speed distribution: Why Weibull?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Part 1: The Weibull distribution has been used for many years to fit parent wind data. It is a particularly good fit to mean wind speed data arising from a wind climate dominated by temperate depressions. This good fit is practically useful, but intellectually not very satisfactory, because the familiar or Forward Weibull distribution is a purely empirical construct and there have seemed to be no reasons, grounded in either atmospheric physics or probability theory, why wind speeds should conform to this model. This paper introduces another distribution, the Offset Elliptical Normal (OEN) model, which has some justification in terms of probability theory and appears to form a more plausible model for mean wind speeds. It is shown that, over the entire practical range from everyday values to 1:10,000 year extremes and beyond, this new distribution matches a Weibull distribution so closely, that the Weibull can be regarded as not just empirical, but as an effective surrogate for the new distribution. One Weibull distribution corresponds to a whole family of the new distribution. Part 2: The assumptions of Harris’ Offset Elliptical Normal (OEN) model are verified using direct vector analysis of hourly wind observations at two, widely separated UK stations. The Jenkinson–Lamb index is found not to be effective in separating UK wind observations by causal mechanism for individual analysis. Fitting to the marginal distributions of wind speed and direction is shown not to be practicable owing to the information on their joint action that has been lost. Instead, an optimisation methodology is used to fit multiple disjoint OEN models to the joint PDF of the observed wind vectors, without prior separation of the observations. For Marham, Norfolk, a single OEN is sufficient, but two is marginally better. For Tiree, Inner Hebrides, two disjoint \\{OENs\\} are sufficient, but three is marginally better. For Changi, Singapore, three disjoint \\{OENs\\} correspond well with the three seasonal climates (inter-monsoon, “wet” NE monsoon and “dry” SW monsoon). For Rome (Ciampino) the component that dominates in the upper tail is shown to include downbursts from thunderstorms or other strong convective events.

R. Ian Harris; Nicholas J. Cook

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Singularities of varying light speed cosmologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possible singularities of isotropic cosmological models that have a varying speed of light as well as a varying gravitational constant. The field equations typically reduce to two dimensional systems which are then analyzed both by dynamical systems techniques in phase space and by applying the method of asymptotic splittings. In the general case we find initially expanding closed models which recollapse to a future singularity and open universes that are eternally expanding towards the future. The precise nature of the singularities is also discussed.

John Miritzis; Spiros Cotsakis

2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

398

A Coral Reefs Optimization algorithm with Harmony Search operators for accurate wind speed prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper introduces a new hybrid bio-inspired solver which combines elements from the recently proposed Coral Reefs Optimization (CRO) algorithm with operators from the Harmony Search (HS) approach, which gives rise to the coined CRO-HS optimization technique. Specifically, this novel bio-inspired optimizer is utilized in the context of short-term wind speed prediction as a means to obtain the best set of meteorological variables to be input to a neural Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) network. The paper elaborates on the main characteristics of the proposed scheme and discusses its performance when predicting the wind speed based on the measures of two meteorological towers located in USA and Spain. The good results obtained in these experiments when compared to naïve versions of the CRO and HS algorithms are promising and pave the way towards the utilization of the derived hybrid solver in other optimization problems arising from diverse disciplines.

S. Salcedo-Sanz; A. Pastor-Sánchez; J. Del Ser; L. Prieto; Z.W. Geem

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Oklo and the Speed of Light at SLAC’s Next Colloquium!  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural nuclear reactors? Changes in the speed of light? If either of these concepts seem implausible to you now they certainly won’t once Dr. Steve Lamoreaux (LANL) delivers his SLAC Colloquium lecture in the Panofsky Auditorium on November 7th at 4:15 pm entitled The Oklo Natural Reactor and the Time Variability of the Fundamental Constants of Nature. This lecture is a rare opportunity to learn not only about Oklo’s incredible natural nuclear reactors but also to gain understanding about how the present-day study of these sites may alter our understanding of fundamental constants such as the speed of light. This event is a must-see for the curious!

Dr. Steve Lamoreaux

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development (SPEED) Goals | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development (SPEED) Goals Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development (SPEED) Goals Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development (SPEED) Goals < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Municipal Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Heating & Cooling Water Heating Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Renewables Portfolio Standard Provider Vermont Public Service Board Vermont's Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development (SPEED) Program was created by legislation in 2005 to promote renewable energy development. The SPEED program itself is not a renewable portfolio goal or standard. However, if the Vermont Public Service Board (PSB) determines that the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Radiation-Induced Demagnetization of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LS-290 LS-290 Radiation-Induced Demagnetization of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets J. Alderman and P.K. Job APS Operations Division Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory R.C. Martin, C.M. Simmons, and G.D. Owen Californium User Facility for Neutron Science Chemical Technology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory J. Puhl Ionizing Radiation Division National Institute of Standards and Technology November 2000 work sponsored by U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Research 1 Radiation-Induced Demagnetization of Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets J. Alderman and P.K. Job APS Operations Division Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory R.C. Martin, C.M. Simmons, and G. D. Owen Californium User Facility for Neutron Science

402

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Medium-Speed and Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Medium-Speed and Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) Definition and Access to Roadways on Digg

403

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0: February 6, 0: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #410: February 6, 2006 Maximum Speed Limits by State, 2005 on AddThis.com...

404

Axial Flux, Modular, Permanent-Magnet Generator with a Toroidal Winding for Wind Turbine Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CP-500-24996 Ÿ UC Category: 1213 CP-500-24996 Ÿ UC Category: 1213 Axial Flux, Modular, Permanent- Magnet Generator with a Toroidal Winding for Wind Turbine Applications E. Muljadi C.P. Butterfield Yih-Huei Wan National Wind Technology Center National Renewable Energy Laboratory Presented at IEEE Industry Applications Conference St. Louis, MO November 5-8, 1998 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard

405

Minimizing Wheel Slip in Railway Locomotives with Coupled Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work I consider control strategies of permanent magnet synchronous motors in which the back-emf signal from the motor is used to achieve commutation of the six step driving circuit. I show that if the strategy is modified to connect multiple motors in a cyclic chain, then a collective synchronized state is favoured. The stability of this state can be exploited in the bogies of a railway locomotive to automatically terminate wheel slipping episodes.

Shayak Bhattacharjee

2015-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

406

Minimizing Wheel Slip in Railway Locomotives with Coupled Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work I consider control strategies of permanent magnet synchronous motors in which the back-emf signal from the motor is used to achieve commutation of the six step driving circuit. I show that if the strategy is modified to connect multiple motors in a cyclic chain, then a collective synchronized state is favoured. The stability of this state can be exploited in the bogies of a railway locomotive to automatically terminate wheel slipping episodes.

Shayak Bhattacharjee

2014-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

407

Dynamic high pressure process for fabricating superconducting and permanent magnetic materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Shock wave formation of thin layers of materials with improved superconducting and permanent magnetic properties and improved microstructures is disclosed. The material fabrication system includes a sandwiched structure including a powder material placed between two solid members to enable explosive shock consolidation. The two solid members are precooled to about 80--100 K to reduce the residual temperatures attained as a result of the shock wave treatment, and thereby increase the quench rate of the consolidated powder. 9 figs.

Nellis, W.J.; Geballe, T.H.; Maple, M.B.

1990-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

408

A safety and regulatory assessment of generic BWR and PWR permanently shutdown nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The long-term availability of less expensive power and the increasing plant modification and maintenance costs have caused some utilities to re-examine the economics of nuclear power. As a result, several utilities have opted to permanently shutdown their plants. Each licensee of these permanently shutdown (PSD) plants has submitted plant-specific exemption requests for those regulations that they believe are no longer applicable to their facility. This report presents a regulatory assessment for generic BWR and PWR plants that have permanently ceased operation in support of NRC rulemaking activities in this area. After the reactor vessel is defueled, the traditional accident sequences that dominate the operating plant risk are no longer applicable. The remaining source of public risk is associated with the accidents that involve the spent fuel. Previous studies have indicated that complete spent fuel pool drainage is an accident of potential concern. Certain combinations of spent fuel storage configurations and decay times, could cause freshly discharged fuel assemblies to self heat to a temperature where the self sustained oxidation of the zircaloy fuel cladding may cause cladding failure. This study has defined four spent fuel configurations which encompass all of the anticipated spent fuel characteristics and storage modes following permanent shutdown. A representative accident sequence was chosen for each configuration. Consequence analyses were performed using these sequences to estimate onsite and boundary doses, population doses and economic costs. A list of candidate regulations was identified from a screening of 10 CFR Parts 0 to 199. The continued applicability of each regulation was assessed within the context of each spent fuel storage configuration and the results of the consequence analyses.

Travis, R.J.; Davis, R.E.; Grove, E.J.; Azarm, M.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy-SMARRT): Light Metals Permanent Mold Casting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current vehicles use mostly ferrous components for structural applications. It is possible to reduce the weight of the vehicle by substituting these parts with those made from light metals such as aluminum and magnesium. Many alloys and manufacturing processes can be used to produce these light metal components and casting is known to be most economical. One of the high integrity casting processes is permanent mold casting which is the focus of this research report. Many aluminum alloy castings used in automotive applications are produced by the sand casting process. Also, aluminum-silicon (Al-Si) alloys are the most widely used alloy systems for automotive applications. It is possible that by using high strength aluminum alloys based on an aluminum-copper (Al-Cu) system and permanent mold casting, the performance of these components can be enhanced significantly. This will also help to further reduce the weight. However, many technological obstacles need to be overcome before using these alloys in automotive applications in an economical way. There is very limited information in the open literature on gravity and low-pressure permanent mold casting of high strength aluminum alloys. This report summarizes the results and issues encountered during the casting trials of high strength aluminum alloy 206.0 (Al-Cu alloy) and moderate strength alloy 535.0 (Al-Mg alloy). Five engineering components were cast by gravity tilt-pour or low pressure permanent mold casting processes at CanmetMATERIALS (CMAT) and two production foundries. The results of the casting trials show that high integrity engineering components can be produced successfully from both alloys if specific processing parameters are used. It was shown that a combination of melt processing and mold temperature is necessary for the elimination of hot tears in both alloys.

Fasoyinu, Yemi [CanmetMATERIALS] [CanmetMATERIALS

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

410

The use of a permanent magnet for water content measurements ofwood chips  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has developed a device that measures the water content of wood chips, pulp and brown stock for the paper industry. This device employs a permanent magnet as the central part of a NMR measurement system. This report describes the magnet and the NMR measurement system. The results of water content measurements in wood chips in a magnetic field of 0.47 T are presented.

Barale, P.J.; Fong, C.G.; Green, M.A.; Luft, P.A.; McInturff,A.D.; Reimer, J.A.; Yahnke, M.

2001-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

411

The dynamics of variable-density turbulence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dynamics of variable-density turbulent fluids are studied by direct numerical simulation. The flow is incompressible so that acoustic waves are decoupled from the problem, and implying that density is not a thermodynamic variable. Changes in density occur due to molecular mixing. The velocity field is, in general, divergent. A pseudo-spectral numerical technique is used to solve the equations of motion. Three-dimensional simulations are performed using a grid size of 128{sup 3} grid points. Two types of problems are studied: (1) the decay of isotropic, variable-density turbulence, and (2) buoyancy-generated turbulence in a fluid with large density fluctuations (such that the Boussinesq approximation is not valid). In the case of isotropic, variable-density turbulence, the overall statistical decay behavior, for the cases studied, is relatively unaffected by the presence of density variations when the initial density and velocity fields are statistically independent. The results for this case are in quantitative agreement with previous numerical and laboratory results. In this case, the initial density field has a bimodal probability density function (pdf) which evolves in time towards a Gaussian distribution. The pdf of the density field is symmetric about its mean value throughout its evolution. If the initial velocity and density fields are statistically dependent, however, the decay process is significantly affected by the density fluctuations. For this case, the pdf of the density becomes asymmetric about its mean value during the early stages of its evolution. It is argued that these asymmetries in the pdf of the density field are due to different entrainment rates, into the mixing region, that favor the high speed fluid.

Sandoval, D.L.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Design of a high power density, permanent magnet, axial gap dc motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the design of drive motors for undersea vehicles, the premium placed on noise suppression suggests the use of a brush-commutated dc motor. The additional constraints of weight and volume, as well as unusual configuration, presents the axial air-gap configuration, with a permanent magnet field, as a viable candidate. In such a configuration the design of the brushes and commutator and the resulting structure becomes critical. The report describes a novel solution to this problem. The basic motor consists of two discs containing permanent magnets on either side of a magnetic structure containing the copper windings. An advantage of this motor concept is that copper cooling may easily be accomplished through the use of liquid circulating through the stator windings. The role of field and armature in a conventional disc motor configuration are reversed. The two discs containing the permanent magnets are rotating. The brushes are on the discs. The magnetic structure with the coils is stationary. The commutator bars are imbedded in the stationary member. Input power is supplied to the brushes through a brush-and-slip ring assembly. An electromagnetic design analysis for a 92 ft-lb, 700 rpm motor was performed. A finite element analysis has been conducted and the results show that magnetic saturation is not a limiting factor in this design. The motor torque is achievable within weight and volume constraints. 9 figs., 1 tab.

Hawsey, R.A.; Daniel, D.S.; Thomas, R.J. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Bailey, J.M. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

arXiv:1103.2923v1[math.OC]15Mar2011 Estimation of Saturation of Permanent-Magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effects such as cross-coupling and permanent magnet demagnetization can introduce large errorsarXiv:1103.2923v1[math.OC]15Mar2011 Estimation of Saturation of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motors a parametric model of the saturated Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) together with an estimation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

414

arXiv:cond-mat/0007297v118Jul2000 Permanent magnetic moment in mesoscopic metals with spin-orbit interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:cond-mat/0007297v118Jul2000 Permanent magnetic moment in mesoscopic metals with spin-orbit interaction and odd number of electrons will have a permanent magnetic moment, even in zero magnetic field an effective single-electron Hamiltonian which accounts for spin-orbit coupling. I. INTRODUCTION Permanent

Serota, Rostislav

415

C:\\Users\\jorgan\\Documents\\Web Edits\\Vacancies\\Pastry Chef\\Template -Application for Permanent Employment (3).doc BRASENOSE COLLEGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C:\\Users\\jorgan\\Documents\\Web Edits\\Vacancies\\Pastry Chef\\Template - Application for Permanent: #12;C:\\Users\\jorgan\\Documents\\Web Edits\\Vacancies\\Pastry Chef\\Template - Application for Permanent:\\Users\\jorgan\\Documents\\Web Edits\\Vacancies\\Pastry Chef\\Template - Application for Permanent Employment (3).doc Employment History

Oxford, University of

416

Solar wind suprathermal electron Stahl widths across high-speed stream structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Suprathermal electrons (100-1500 eV) observed in the solar wind typically show a strahl distribution, that is, a beam directed away from the Sun along the magnetic field direction. The strahl width observed at 1 AU is highly variable, ranging from 10-70 degrees. The obsenred finite width of the strahl results from the competition between beam focusing as the interplanetary magnetic field strength drops with distance from the Sun, and pitch-angle scattering as the beam interacts with the solar wind plasma in transit from the sun. Here we examine strahl width, observed with ACE SWEPAM across high-speed stream structures to investigate variations in electron scattering as a function of local plasma characteristics. We find that narrow strahls (less than 20 degrees wide), indicating reduced scattering, are observed within high-speed streams. Narrow strahls are also observed in both very low temperature solar wind, in association with ICMEs. Case studies of high-speed streams typically show the strahl narrowing at the leading edge of the stream. In some cases, the strahl narrows at the reverse shock or pressure wave, in other cases at the stream interface. The narrowing can either occur discontinuously or gradually over a period of hours. Within the high-speed wind, the strahl remains narrow for a period of hours to days, and then gradually broadens. The strahl width is roughly constant at all energies across these structures. For some fraction of high-speed streams, counterstreaming is associated with passage of the corotating interaction region. In these cases, we find the widths of the two counterstreaming beams frequently differ by more than 40 degrees. This dramatic difference in strahl width contrasts with observations in the solar wind as a whole, in which counterstreaming strahls typically differ in width by less than 20 degrees.

Skoug, Ruth M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steinberg, John T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goodrich, Katherine A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Anderson, Brett R [DARTMUTH UNIV.

2011-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

417

Variable depth core sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable depth core sampler apparatus comprising a first circular hole saw member, having longitudinal sections that collapses to form a point and capture a sample, and a second circular hole saw member residing inside said first hole saw member to support the longitudinal sections of said first hole saw member and prevent them from collapsing to form a point. The second hole saw member may be raised and lowered inside said first hole saw member.

Bourgeois, Peter M. (Hamburg, NY); Reger, Robert J. (Grand Island, NY)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Variable laser attenuator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure relates to low loss, high power variable attenuators comprising one or more transmissive and/or reflective multilayer dielectric filters. The attenuator is particularly suitable to use with unpolarized lasers such as excimer lasers. Beam attenuation is a function of beam polarization and the angle of incidence between the beam and the filter and is controlled by adjusting the angle of incidence the beam makes to the filter or filters. Filters are selected in accordance with beam wavelength. 9 figs.

Foltyn, S.R.

1987-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

419

Variable depth core sampler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable depth core sampler apparatus is described comprising a first circular hole saw member, having longitudinal sections that collapses to form a point and capture a sample, and a second circular hole saw member residing inside said first hole saw member to support the longitudinal sections of said first hole saw member and prevent them from collapsing to form a point. The second hole saw member may be raised and lowered inside said first hole saw member. 7 figs.

Bourgeois, P.M.; Reger, R.J.

1996-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

420

Jefferson Lab Science Series - The Ultimate Speed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Higgs Boson and Our Life Higgs Boson and Our Life Previous Video (The Higgs Boson and Our Life) Science Series Video Archive Next Video (What Is CEBAF All About?) What Is CEBAF All About? The Ultimate Speed Dr. William Bertozzi - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Sometime in 1962 In his youth, Dr. William Bertozzi, an MIT professor who has long been a leader in experimental nuclear physics using beams of electrons, carried out an experiment in which he explored the relationship between the velocity of electrons and their kinetic energy by measurements over a range of accelerating voltages between 0.5 MeV and 15 MeV. The kinetic energy is measured using calorimetry and the velocity is measured by time-of-flight. This educational film, made in 1962, documents the experiment and shows

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

High Speed AB-Solar Sail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Solar sail is a large thin film used to collect solar light pressure for moving of space apparatus. Unfortunately, the solar radiation pressure is very small about 9 mkN/sq.m at Earth's orbit. However, the light force significantly increases up to 0.2 - 0.35 N/sq.m near the Sun. The author offers his research on a new revolutionary highly reflective solar sail which flyby (after special maneuver) near Sun and attains velocity up to 400 km/sec and reaching far planets of the Solar system in short time or enable flights out of Solar system. New, highly reflective sail-mirror allows avoiding the strong heating of the solar sail. It may be useful for probes close to the Sun and Mercury and Venus. Key words: AB-solar sail, highly reflective solar sail, high speed propulsion.

Bolonkin, A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Research towards high speed extrusion freeforming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Additive Manufacturing (AM) methods are currently utilised for the manufacture of prototypes and low volume, high cost parts. This is because in most cases the high material costs and low volumetric deposition rates of AM parts result in higher per part cost than traditional manufacturing methods. This paper brings together recent research aimed at improving the economics of AM, in particular Extrusion Freeforming (EF). A new class of machine is described called High Speed Additive Manufacturing (HSAM) in which software, hardware and materials advances are aggregated. HSAM could be cost competitive with injection moulding for medium sized medium quantity parts. A general outline for a HSAM machine and supply chain is provided along with future required research.

Hadley Brooks; Mihaela E. Lupeanu; Barry Piorkowski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

High Speed AB-Solar Sail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Solar sail is a large thin film used to collect solar light pressure for moving of space apparatus. Unfortunately, the solar radiation pressure is very small about 9 mkN/sq.m at Earth's orbit. However, the light force significantly increases up to 0.2 - 0.35 N/sq.m near the Sun. The author offers his research on a new revolutionary highly reflective solar sail which flyby (after special maneuver) near Sun and attains velocity up to 400 km/sec and reaching far planets of the Solar system in short time or enable flights out of Solar system. New, highly reflective sail-mirror allows avoiding the strong heating of the solar sail. It may be useful for probes close to the Sun and Mercury and Venus. Key words: AB-solar sail, highly reflective solar sail, high speed propulsion.

A. Bolonkin

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

424

Energy management options for high speed trains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The efficient operation of trains which undergo large changes in energy as they fulfill their operational function requires recapture of the kinetic energy of a high speed train or the potential energy of a train in mountainous terrain. This paper is a description of the various storage options available in the railroad environment and their relative merits. The economic, environmental, and safety issues are discussed. The options discussed include: the physical means of storing energy, the location on board the train or on fixed ground, and the relation of energy storage to the nature of the engine used as a prime mover. It is argued that, in the absence of a fully electric, power supply connected to a utility grid, the gas turbine engine is the best propulsion system to meet the propulsion needs of trains requiring high power and efficiency because its high power to weight ratio enables the use of energy storage.

Decher, R. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

425

Speed of Light in Gravitational Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A spherically symmetric and static metric that describes physical coordinates is introduced. It is defined to be a metric that gives coordinate independent results for physically observable quantities without a further coordinate transformation. The suggested metric also makes a prediction for the second order gravitational red shift effect that can be utilized for a precision experimental test in the future. A possible new experimental test would be provided by a modern Michelson Morley experiment on the earth with the two arms in vertical and horizontal directions to see the validity of isotropy or anisotropy for the speed of light. The possibility of using pulsars and GPS (Global Positioning System) for a general relativity test is discussed.

Yukio Tomozawa

2003-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

426

High Speed/ Low Effluent Process for Ethanol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

n this project, BPI demonstrated a new ethanol fermentation technology, termed the High Speed/ Low Effluent (HS/LE) process on both lab and large pilot scale as it would apply to wet mill and/or dry mill corn ethanol production. The HS/LE process allows very rapid fermentations, with 18 to 22% sugar syrups converted to 9 to 11% ethanol ‘beers’ in 6 to 12 hours using either a ‘consecutive batch’ or ‘continuous cascade’ implementation. This represents a 5 to 8X increase in fermentation speeds over conventional 72 hour batch fermentations which are the norm in the fuel ethanol industry today. The ‘consecutive batch’ technology was demonstrated on a large pilot scale (4,800 L) in a dry mill corn ethanol plant near Cedar Rapids, IA (Xethanol Biofuels). The pilot demonstrated that 12 hour fermentations can be accomplished on an industrial scale in a non-sterile industrial environment. Other objectives met in this project included development of a Low Energy (LE) Distillation process which reduces the energy requirements for distillation from about 14,000 BTU/gal steam ($0.126/gal with natural gas @ $9.00 MCF) to as low as 0.40 KW/gal electrical requirements ($0.022/gal with electricity @ $0.055/KWH). BPI also worked on the development of processes that would allow application of the HS/LE fermentation process to dry mill ethanol plants. A High-Value Corn ethanol plant concept was developed to produce 1) corn germ/oil, 2) corn bran, 3) ethanol, 4) zein protein, and 5) nutritional protein, giving multiple higher value products from the incoming corn stream.

M. Clark Dale

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

427

Photodetector having high speed and sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a photodetector having an advantageous combination of sensitivity and speed; it has a high sensitivity while retaining high speed. In a preferred embodiment, visible light is detected, but in some embodiments, x-rays can be detected, and in other embodiments infrared can be detected. The present invention comprises a photodetector having an active layer, and a recombination layer. The active layer has a surface exposed to light to be detected, and comprises a semiconductor, having a bandgap graded so that carriers formed due to interaction of the active layer with the incident radiation tend to be swept away from the exposed surface. The graded semiconductor material in the active layer preferably comprises Al.sub.1-x Ga.sub.x As. An additional sub-layer of graded In.sub.1-y Ga.sub.y As may be included between the Al.sub.1-x Ga.sub.x As layer and the recombination layer. The recombination layer comprises a semiconductor material having a short recombination time such as a defective GaAs layer grown in a low temperature process. The recombination layer is positioned adjacent to the active layer so that carriers from the active layer tend to be swept into the recombination layer. In an embodiment, the photodetector may comprise one or more additional layers stacked below the active and recombination layers. These additional layers may include another active layer and another recombination layer to absorb radiation not absorbed while passing through the first layers. A photodetector having a stacked configuration may have enhanced sensitivity and responsiveness at selected wavelengths such as infrared.

Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Mariella, Jr., Raymond P. (Danville, CA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Feature selection in wind speed prediction systems based on a hybrid coral reefs optimization – Extreme learning machine approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a novel approach for short-term wind speed prediction based on a Coral Reefs Optimization algorithm (CRO) and an Extreme Learning Machine (ELM), using meteorological predictive variables from a physical model (the Weather Research and Forecast model, WRF). The approach is based on a Feature Selection Problem (FSP) carried out with the CRO, that must obtain a reduced number of predictive variables out of the total available from the WRF. This set of features will be the input of an ELM, that finally provides the wind speed prediction. The CRO is a novel bio-inspired approach, based on the simulation of reef formation and coral reproduction, able to obtain excellent results in optimization problems. On the other hand, the ELM is a new paradigm in neural networks’ training, that provides a robust and extremely fast training of the network. Together, these algorithms are able to successfully solve this problem of feature selection in short-term wind speed prediction. Experiments in a real wind farm in the USA show the excellent performance of the CRO–ELM approach in this FSP wind speed prediction problem.

S. Salcedo-Sanz; A. Pastor-Sánchez; L. Prieto; A. Blanco-Aguilera; R. García-Herrera

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Recovery Act: Carbon Dioxide-Water Emulsion for Enhanced Oil Recovery and Permanent Sequestration of Carbon Dioxid  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide-Water Carbon Dioxide-Water Emulsion for Enhanced Oil Recovery and Permanent Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide Background The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) distributed a portion of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) funds to advance technologies for chemical conversion of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) captured from industrial sources. The focus of the research projects is permanent sequestration of CO 2 through mineralization or development

430

Speed of light in the extended gravity theories  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We shall investigate the possibility of formulation of varying speed of light (VSL) in the framework of Palatini non-linear Ricci scalar and Ricci squared theories. Different speeds of light including the causal structure constant, electromagnetic, and gravitational wave speeds are discussed. We shall see that two local frames are distinguishable and discuss about the velocity of light in these two frames. We shall investigate which one of these local frames is inertial.

Azam Izadi; Ali Shojai

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

431

The speed of light under the IST and Lorentz Transformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We expand the IST transformation to three-dimensional Euclidean space and derive the speed of light under the IST transformation. The switch from the direction cosines observed in K to those observed in K-prime is surprisingly smooth. The formulation thus derived maintains the property that the round trip speed is constant. We further show that under the proper synchronization convention of K-prime, the one-way speed of light becomes constant.

Chandru Iyer

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

432

Boosting the Next Wave of Accelerators: New Technique Speeds...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boosting Accelerator Design Boosting the Next Wave of Accelerators New Technique Speeds Simulations by up to a Million-fold March 29, 2011 | Tags: Franklin, Nuclear Physics (NP)...

433

Surface wind speed distributions| Implications for climate and wind power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Surface constituent and energy fluxes, and wind power depend non-linearly on wind speed and are sensitive to the tails of the wind distribution. Until… (more)

Capps, Scott Blair

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Microorganisms to Speed Production of Biofuels - Energy Innovation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microorganisms to Speed Production of Biofuels Oak Ridge National Laboratory Contact ORNL About This Technology Technology Marketing SummaryResearchers at ORNL developed...

435

New process speeds conversion of biomass to fuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conversion of Biomass to Fuels New process speeds conversion of biomass to fuels Scientists made a major step forward recently towards transforming biomass-derived molecules into...

436

New process speeds conversion of biomass to fuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Conversion of biomass to fuels New process speeds conversion of biomass to fuels Scientists made a major step forward recently towards transforming biomass-derived molecules into...

437

PERFORMANCE MODELLING; BUNKER CONSUMPTION AS FUNCTION OF VESSEL SPEED.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? An investigation of the bunker consumption as function of speed is made, which tries to identify the behaviour of the relationship. A lot of… (more)

Karlsson, John

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Probing Fukushima with cosmic rays should help speed cleanup...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Probing Fukushima with cosmic rays Probing Fukushima with cosmic rays should help speed cleanup of damaged plant The initiative could reduce the time required to clean up the...

439

Commerce Department to Speed Review of Green Technology Patents...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

is designed to speed the development and deployment of green technology, create green jobs, and promote U.S. competitiveness. In particular, the program focuses on...

440

Artificial molecules that switch "handedness" at light-speed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

molecules that switch "handedness" Artificial molecules that switch "handedness" at light-speed Researchers create the first artificial molecules whose chirality can be...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

D(p)-Branes Moving at the Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct new bosonic boundary states in the light-cone gauge which describe D(p)-branes moving at the speed of light.

B. Jensen

1998-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

442

'Slow light' advance could speed optical computing, telecommunications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Slow light" and specialized metamaterials 'Slow light' advance could speed optical computing, telecommunications Researchers have made the first demonstration of rapidly switching...

443

Reversed Gravitational Acceleration for High-speed Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Examination of the free-fall motion of particles of extremely high-speed in the Schwarzschild geometry reveals that the gravitational acceleration of such particles is reversed when measured in Schwarzschild coordinates. High-speed particles decelerate when moving radially downward, and they accelerate when moving upward. The onset of this abnormal behavior occurs at a speed of 1/Sqrt(3) times the local value of the speed of light. However, the gravitational force always remains attractive. PACS numbers: 04.20.-q, 04.20.Cv, 01.65+g

Hans C. Ohanian

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

444

Determination of prescription dose for Cs-131 permanent implants using the BED formalism including resensitization correction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The current widely used biological equivalent dose (BED) formalism for permanent implants is based on the linear-quadratic model that includes cell repair and repopulation but not resensitization (redistribution and reoxygenation). The authors propose a BED formalism that includes all the four biological effects (4Rs), and the authors propose how it can be used to calculate appropriate prescription doses for permanent implants with Cs-131. Methods: A resensitization correction was added to the BED calculation for permanent implants to account for 4Rs. Using the same BED, the prescription doses with Au-198, I-125, and Pd-103 were converted to the isoeffective Cs-131 prescription doses. The conversion factor F, ratio of the Cs-131 dose to the equivalent dose with the other reference isotope (F{sub r}: with resensitization, F{sub n}: without resensitization), was thus derived and used for actual prescription. Different values of biological parameters such as ?, ?, and relative biological effectiveness for different types of tumors were used for the calculation. Results: Prescription doses with I-125, Pd-103, and Au-198 ranging from 10 to 160 Gy were converted into prescription doses with Cs-131. The difference in dose conversion factors with (F{sub r}) and without (F{sub n}) resensitization was significant but varied with different isotopes and different types of tumors. The conversion factors also varied with different doses. For I-125, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 0.51/0.46, for fast growing tumors, and 0.88/0.77 for slow growing tumors. For Pd-103, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.25/1.15 for fast growing tumors, and 1.28/1.22 for slow growing tumors. For Au-198, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.08/1.25 for fast growing tumors, and 1.00/1.06 for slow growing tumors. Using the biological parameters for the HeLa/C4-I cells, the averaged value of F{sub r} was 1.07/1.11 (rounded to 1.1), and the averaged value of F{sub n} was 1.75/1.18. F{sub r} of 1.1 has been applied to gynecological cancer implants with expected acute reactions and outcomes as expected based on extensive experience with permanent implants. The calculation also gave the average Cs-131 dose of 126 Gy converted from the I-125 dose of 144 Gy for prostate implants. Conclusions: Inclusion of an allowance for resensitization led to significant dose corrections for Cs-131 permanent implants, and should be applied to prescription dose calculation. The adjustment of the Cs-131 prescription doses with resensitization correction for gynecological permanent implants was consistent with clinical experience and observations. However, the Cs-131 prescription doses converted from other implant doses can be further adjusted based on new experimental results, clinical observations, and clinical outcomes.

Luo, Wei, E-mail: wei.luo@uky.edu; Molloy, Janelle; Aryal, Prakash; Feddock, Jonathan; Randall, Marcus [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

1994 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--I: REGULAR PAPERS, VOL. 56, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2009 Processor Speed Control With Thermal Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variables such as power supply voltage) can be controlled, and we model the dissipated power of a processor control laws, which adjust the processor speeds based on the measured temperatures in the system. We give, distributed control, primal-dual interior-point methods, temperature-aware processor control. I. INTRODUCTION

De Micheli, Giovanni

446

Power-Factor and Torque Calculation under Consideration of Cross Saturation of the Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor with Brushless Field Excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new method for calculating the power factor and output torque by considering the cross saturation between direct-axis (d-axis) and quadrature-axis (q-axis) of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM). The conventional two-axis IPMSM model is modified to include the cross saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms. This paper also contains the new method of calculating the cross-coupled inductance values as well as self-inductance values in d- and q-axes. The analyzed motor is a high-speed brushless field excitation machine that offers high torque per ampere per core length at low speed and weakened flux at high speed, which was developed for the traction motor of a hybrid electric vehicle. The conventional two-axis IPMSM model was modified to include the cross-saturation effect by adding the cross-coupled inductance terms Ldq and Lqd. By the advantage of the excited structure of the experimental IPMSM, the analyzing works were performed under two conditions, the highest and lowest excited conditions. Therefore, it is possible to investigate the cross-saturation effect when a machine has higher magnetic flux from its rotor. The following is a summary of conclusions that may be drawn from this work: (1) Considering cross saturation of an IPMSM offers more accurate expected values of motor parameters in output torque calculation, especially when negative d-axis current is high; (2) A less saturated synchronous machine could be more affected by the cross-coupled saturation effect; (3) Both cross-coupled inductances, L{sub qd} and L{sub dq}, are mainly governed by d-axis current rather than q-axis current; (4) The modified torque equation, can be used for the dynamic model of an IPMSM for developing a better control model or control strategy; and (5) It is possible that the brushless field excitation structure has a common magnetic flux path on both d- and q-axis, and as a result, the reluctance torque of the machine could be reduced.

Lee, Seong T [ORNL; Burress, Timothy A [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Permanent Magnet Skew Quadrupoles for the Low Emittance LER Lattice of PEP-II  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The vertical emittance of the low energy ring (LER) in the PEP-II B-Factory was reduced by using skew quadrupoles consisting of permanent magnet material. The advantages over electric quadrupoles or rotating existing normal quadrupoles are discussed. To assure a high field quality, a Biot-Savart calculation was used to cancel the natural 12-pole component by using different size poles over a few layers. A magnetic measurement confirmed the high quality of the magnets. After installation and adjusting the original electric 12 skew and 16 normal quadrupoles the emittance contribution from the region close to the interaction point, which was the biggest part in the original design, was considerably reduced. To strengthen the vertical behavior of the LER beam, a low emittance lattice was developed. It lowered the original vertical design emittance from 0.54 nm-rad to 0.034 nm-rad. In order to achieve this, additional skew quadrupoles were required to bring the coupling correction out of the arcs and closer to the detector solenoid in the straight (Fig. 1). It is important, together with low vertical dispersion, that the low vertical emittance is not coupled into the horizontal, which is what we get if the coupling correction continues into the arcs. Further details of the lattice work is described in another paper; here we concentrate on the development of the permanent skew (PSK) quadrupole solution. Besides the permanent magnets there are two other possibilities, using electric magnets or rotating normal quadrupoles. Electric magnets would have required much more additional equipment like magnets stands, power supply, and new vacuum chamber sections. Rotating existing quadrupoles was also not feasible since they are mostly mounted together with a bending magnet on the same support girder.

Decker, F.-J.; Anderson, S.; Kharakh, D.; Sullivan, M.; /SLAC

2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

448

PHP: Constructs and Variables Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHP: Constructs and Variables Introduction This document describes: 1. the syntax and types of variables, 2. PHP control structures (i.e., conditionals and loops), 3. mixed-mode processing, 4. how to use one script from within another, 5. how to define and use functions, 6. global variables in PHP, 7

Vander Zanden, Brad

449

EA-1895: Lolo Creek Permanent Weir Construction near town of Weippe, Clearwater County, Idaho  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE’s Bonneville Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of replacing an existing seasonal fish weir with a permanent weir, which would be used to monitor federally-listed Snake River steelhead and collect spring Chinook salmon adults to support ongoing supplementation programs in the watershed. The Bureau of Land Management, a cooperating agency, preliminarily determined Lolo Creek to be suitable for Congressional designation into the Wild and Scenic River System. The EA includes a Wild and Scenic River Section 7 analysis.

450

A Machine Approach for Field Weakening of Permanent-Magnet Motors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The commonly known technology of field weakening for permanent-magnet (PM) motors is achieved by controlling the direct-axis current component through an inverter, without using mechanical variation of the air gap, a new machine approach for field weakening of PM machines by direct control of air-gap fluxes is introduced. The demagnetization situation due to field weakening is not an issue with this new method. In fact, the PMs are strengthened at field weakening. The field-weakening ratio can reach 1O:1 or higher. This technology is particularly useful for the PM generators and electric vehicle drives.

Hsu, J.S.

2000-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

451

Cerium-Based Magnets: Novel High Energy Permanent Magnet Without Critical Elements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

REACT Project: Ames Laboratory will develop a new class of permanent magnets based on the more commonly available element cerium for use in both EVs and renewable power generators. Cerium is 4 times more abundant and significantly less expensive than the rare earth element neodymium, which is frequently used in today’s most powerful magnets. Ames Laboratory will combine other metal elements with cerium to create a new magnet that can remain stable at the high temperatures typically found in electric motors. This new magnetic material will ultimately be demonstrated in a prototype electric motor, representing a cost-effective and efficient alternative to neodymium-based motors.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Modular axial-flux permanent-magnet motor for ship propulsion drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Original features such as compactness and lightness make slotless axial-flux permanent-magnet machines (AFPMs) eligible for application in large power motor drives devoted to the direct drive of ship propellers. This paper discusses characteristics of AFPMs designed for application in marine propulsion, and machine performances such as efficiency, weight and torque density are evaluated for a comparison with those of conventional synchronous machines. A newly-conceived modular arrangement of the machine stator winding is proposed and experimental results taken from a small-size machine prototype are finally shown.

Caricchi, F.; Crescimbini, F.; Honorati, O.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Direct thrust measurement of a permanent magnet helicon double layer thruster  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct thrust measurements of a permanent magnet helicon double layer thruster have been made using a pendulum thrust balance and a high sensitivity laser displacement sensor. At the low pressures used (0.08 Pa) an ion beam is detected downstream of the thruster exit, and a maximum thrust force of about 3 mN is measured for argon with an rf input power of about 700 W. The measured thrust is proportional to the upstream plasma density and is in good agreement with the theoretical thrust based on the maximum upstream electron pressure.

Takahashi, K.; Lafleur, T.; Charles, C.; Alexander, P.; Boswell, R. W. [Space Plasma, Power and Propulsion Group, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Perren, M.; Laine, R. [ASTRIUM-EADS, 6 rue Laurent Pichat, 75016 Paris (France); Pottinger, S.; Lappas, V.; Harle, T.; Lamprou, D. [Surrey Space Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)

2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

454

Toward a permanent lunar settlement in the coming decade: the Columbus Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The motivation for creating a permanent lunar settlement is sketched, and reasons for doing so in the coming decade are put forward. A basic plan to accomplish this is outlined, along technical and programmatic axes. It is concluded that founding a lunar settlement on the five hundredth anniversary of the Columbus landing - a Columbus Project - could be executed as a volunteer-intensive American enterprise requiring roughly six thousand man-years of skilled endeavor and a total Governmental contribution of the order of a half-billion dollars. 8 figs.

Hyde, R.A.; Ishikawa, M.Y.; Wood, L.L.

1985-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

455

"Technologies to Ensure Permanent Geologic Carbon Storage,"  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of carbon dioxide (CO of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). DE-FOA-0000652, titled, "Technologies to Ensure Permanent Geologic Carbon Storage," addresses key geologic storage challenges and uncertainties that include improving and validating containment, improving injection operations, increasing reservoir storage efficiency, and mitigating potential releases of CO 2 from the engineered containment system. The following four technical areas of interest are addressed: Area of Interest 1 - Studies of Existing Wellbores Exposed to CO 2 ; Area of Interest 2 - Advanced Wellbore Integrity Technologies; Area of Interest 3 - Field Methods to Optimize Capacity and Ensure Storage Containment; and Area of Interest 4 - Enhanced Simulation Tools to Improve Predictions and

456

High speed exhaust gas recirculation valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In order to minimize pollutants such as Nox, internal combustion engines typically include an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve that can be used to redirect a portion of exhaust gases to an intake conduit, such as an intake manifold, so that the redirected exhaust gases will be recycled. It is desirable to have an EGR valve with fast-acting capabilities, and it is also desirable to have the EGR valve take up as little space as possible. An exhaust gas recirculation valve is provided that includes an exhaust passage tube, a valve element pivotally mounted within the exhaust passage tube, a linear actuator; and a gear train. The gear train includes a rack gear operatively connected to the linear actuator, and at least one rotatable gear meshing with the rack gear and operatively connected to the valve element to cause rotation of the valve element upon actuation of the linear actuator. The apparatus provides a highly compact package having a high-speed valve actuation capability.

Fensom, Rod (Peterborough, GB); Kidder, David J. (Peterborough, GB)

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

457

High speed point derivative microseismic detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high speed microseismic event detector constructed in accordance with the present invention uses a point derivative comb to quickly and accurately detect microseismic events. Compressional and shear waves impinging upon microseismic receiver stations disposed to collect waves are converted into digital data and analyzed using a point derivative comb including assurance of quiet periods prior to declaration of microseismic events. If a sufficient number of quiet periods have passed, the square of a two point derivative of the incoming digital signal is compared to a trip level threshold exceeding the determined noise level to declare a valid trial event. The squaring of the derivative emphasizes the differences between noise and signal, and the valid event is preferably declared when the trip threshold has been exceeded over a temporal comb width to realize a comb over a given time period. Once a trial event has been declared, the event is verified through a spatial comb, which applies the temporal event comb to additional stations. The detector according to the present invention quickly and accurately detects initial compressional waves indicative of a microseismic event which typically exceed the ambient cultural noise level by a small amount, and distinguishes the waves from subsequent larger amplitude shear waves. 9 figs.

Uhl, J.E.; Warpinski, N.R.; Whetten, E.B.

1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

458

High speed point derivative microseismic detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high speed microseismic event detector constructed in accordance with the present invention uses a point derivative comb to quickly and accurately detect microseismic events. Compressional and shear waves impinging upon microseismic receiver stations disposed to collect waves are converted into digital data and analyzed using a point derivative comb including assurance of quiet periods prior to declaration of microseismic events. If a sufficient number of quiet periods have passed, the square of a two point derivative of the incoming digital signal is compared to a trip level threshold exceeding the determined noise level to declare a valid trial event. The squaring of the derivative emphasizes the differences between noise and signal, and the valid event is preferably declared when the trip threshold has been exceeded over a temporal comb width to realize a comb over a given time period. Once a trial event has been declared, the event is verified through a spatial comb, which applies the temporal event comb to additional stations. The detector according to the present invention quickly and accurately detects initial compressional waves indicative of a microseismic event which typically exceed the ambient cultural noise level by a small amount, and distinguishes the waves from subsequent larger amplitude shear waves.

Uhl, James Eugene (Albuquerque, NM); Warpinski, Norman Raymond (Albuquerque, NM); Whetten, Ernest Blayne (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

High-speed pumping to UHV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development of a high-speed pumping system for ultra high vacuum (UHV) process dose not reduce only cost and waiting time for experiment and production, but also reduces CO2 emission that is known as one of the serious causes in the global warming problem. Reduction of vapor water concentration in a purge gas line would be one of the most effective measures to reduce pumping time to UHV. We carried out control of water vapor in a nitrogen gas purge line in addition to surface treatments of chambers using buff polishing and electrolytic polishing, followed by measurement of outgassing rate of the chambers. Under the reasonable control of the water vapor, the pumping time to reach the pressure of 1 × 10?6 Pa was able to be shortened with two orders of the magnitude. And it was also found that the main residual gas in the chamber was hydrogen after pumping down with the low concentration of water vapor. The quality of residual gas was equivalent to the quality in a baked UHV system. The introduction of well controlled nitrogen gas to the vacuum system which was not baked out during its pumping has proved a pressure of 3 × 10?8 Pa for 24 h in the chamber without orifice.

Ko Yamazaki; Junichi Shike; Motoi Yamagata; Masahiro Kitano; Michiru Nishiwaki; Shigeki Kato

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

13 - Burmeister & Wain low speed engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Burmeister & Wain (B&W) is the pioneering Danish designer and builder of low speed two-stroke crosshead engines. The company's focus in the post-War era was to develop high pressure turbocharged single-acting uniflow-scavenged models with one centrally located exhaust valve. The uniflow system fosters effective scavenging of the exhaust gases from the cylinder in an even progressive upwards movement with low flow resistance through to the exhaust manifold via a large diameter poppet-type exhaust valve. B&W introduced a number of engine series—successively the K-GF, L-GF, L-GFCA, and L-GB program—before launching the MC design portfolio that are now developed and marketed under the MAN B&W Diesel banner. B&W two-stroke engines based on the K-GF series featured many new design features. Notable were the box-type construction of the crankcase and the use of a hydraulically actuated exhaust valve instead of the conventional mechanical rocker arm system used in the earlier K-EF types. The company further improved the fuel consumption by launching the L-GB and L-GBE series engines that use the optimum combination of longer stroke, higher output and higher maximum pressure, and the newest high efficiency turbochargers to offer much lower fuel consumption rates.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed permanent" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Speed of light on rotating platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is often taken for granted that on board a rotating disk it is possible to operate a \\QTR{it}{global}3+1 splitting of space-time, such that both lengths and time intervals are \\QTR{it}{uniquely} defined in terms of measurements performed by real rods and real clocks at rest on the platform. This paper shows that this assumption, although widespread and apparently trivial, leads to an anisotropy of the velocity of two light beams travelling in opposite directions along the rim of the disk; which in turn implies some recently pointed out paradoxical consequences undermining the self-consistency of the Special Theory of Relativity (SRT). A correct application of the SRT solves the problem and recovers complete internal consistency for the theory. As an immediate consequence, it is shown that the Sagnac effect only depends on the non homogeneity of time on the platform and has nothing to do with any anisotropy of the speed of light along the rim of the disk, contrary to an incorrect but widely supported idea.

G. Rizzi; A. Tartaglia

1998-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

462

Comparative Analysis between Grundfos CRE 15-3 Variable Speed Centrifugal Pumps and a Worthington D-824 Constant Speed Centrifugal Pump in a KU Steam Power Plant Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

power plant located at The University of Kansas, these two pumps must supply water to a deaerator tank and to a heat exchanger, where the deaerator tank is the tank that provides water to the boilers inside the power plant. The heat exchanger is only...

Schmidt, Fabian Philip

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

463

Sub-daily Statistical Downscaling of Meteorological Variables Using Neural Networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new open source neural network temporal downscaling model is described and tested using CRU-NCEP reanal ysis and CCSM3 climate model output. We downscaled multiple meteorological variables in tandem from monthly to sub-daily time steps while also retaining consistent correlations between variables. We found that our feed forward, error backpropagation approach produced synthetic 6 hourly meteorology with biases no greater than 0.6% across all variables and variance that was accurate within 1% for all variables except atmospheric pressure, wind speed, and precipitation. Correlations between downscaled output and the expected (original) monthly means exceeded 0.99 for all variables, which indicates that this approach would work well for generating atmospheric forcing data consistent with mass and energy conserved GCM output. Our neural network approach performed well for variables that had correlations to other variables of about 0.3 and better and its skill was increased by downscaling multiple correlated variables together. Poor replication of precipitation intensity however required further post-processing in order to obtain the expected probability distribution. The concurrence of precipitation events with expected changes in sub ordinate variables (e.g., less incident shortwave radiation during precipitation events) were nearly as consistent in the downscaled data as in the training data with probabilities that differed by no more than 6%. Our downscaling approach requires training data at the target time step and relies on a weak assumption that climate variability in the extrapolated data is similar to variability in the training data.

Kumar, Jitendra [ORNL] [ORNL; Brooks, Bjørn-Gustaf J. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign] [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL] [ORNL; Dietze, Michael [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign] [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

An evaluation of inductance loop detectors for speed measurement accuracy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The lag time from the presence of a vehicle at an inductance loop to the actual detection of a vehicle varies. As the lag time varies so does the accuracy of speed measurement. Vehicle size, vehicle speed, detector type, detector sensitivity...

Cronin, Brian Patrick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

465

0 Riso-R-434 Wind Speed and Direction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

meteorological statistics for the area as it was considered a possible site for a nuclear power plant. \\ \\ Duringm I 0 Riso-R-434 t Wind Speed and Direction Changes due to Terrain Effects revealed-4000 Roskilde, Denmark May 1983 #12;RISÃ?-R-434 WIND SPEED AND DIRECTION CHANGES DUE TO TERRAIN EFFECTS

466

Estimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

horizontal axis wind power plant with rated power 750 KW. The plant has a three bladed rotor and an automatic is shown in Figure 1 demand Drive train Generator Rotor Wind speed Power demand Grid Power Controller PitchEstimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine X. Ma #3; , N. K. Poulsen #3; , H. Bindner

467

High Speed Rail in America Thomas Ducharme, Matt Schena,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Airport. · Florida is on track to open one of America's first HSR express service between Tampa Situation of High Speed Rail · The US only has one high speed rail o Acela Which runs from Boston Airport congestion o By eliminating 900,000 city to city flights · Give access to cheaper long distance

Nagurney, Anna

468

Ocean Wind Speed Climatology from Spaceborne SAR Imagery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery can make high-resolution (?500 m) ocean wind speed measurements. The authors anticipate reprocessing the full decade and a half of Radarsat-1 SAR imagery and generating a SAR wind speed archive. These data ...

Frank M. Monaldo; Xiaofeng Li; William G. Pichel; Christopher R. Jackson

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Dual, High Speed ECL Comparators ADCMP563/ADCMP564  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

time bandwidth Typical output rise/fall time of 500 ps ESD protection > 4kV HBM, >200V MM Programmable drive transmission lines terminated in 50 to -2 V. A latch input, which is included, permits tracking ends Window comparators High speed line receivers Threshold detection Peak detection High speed

Berns, Hans-Gerd

470

High-speed camera characterization of voluntary eye blinking kinematics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...continuous exposure of light, and (iii) relieves...loud sound or strong light. In this study, we consider...amplitude, duration and peak speed vary significantly between...chair before a high-speed camera, one person at...humidity with natural light. For each volunteer...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

High speed flow cytometric separation of viable cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hematopoietic cell populations are separated to provide cell sets and subsets as viable cells with high purity and high yields, based on the number of original cells present in the mixture. High-speed flow cytometry is employed using light characteristics of the cells to separate the cells, where high flow speeds are used to reduce the sorting time.

Sasaki, D.T.; Van den Engh, G.J.; Buckie, A.M.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

472

A comment on the Invariance of the Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The invariance of the speed of light in all inertial frames is shown to be an inevitable consequence of the relativity principle of special relativity contrary to the view held by Hsu and Hsu in taiji relativity where the speed of light is no longer a universal constant. The present approach is not only new but also much simpler than the existing approaches.

Harihar Behera

2003-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

473

High speed flow cytometric separation of viable cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Hematopoietic cell populations are separated to provide cell sets and subsets as viable cells with high purity and high yields, based on the number of original cells present in the mixture. High-speed flow cytometry is employed using light characteristics of the cells to separate the cells, where high flow speeds are used to reduce the sorting time.

Sasaki, Dennis T. (Mountain View, CA); Van den Engh, Gerrit J. (Seattle, WA); Buckie, Anne-Marie (Margate, GB)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Comment on 'A one-way speed of light experiment'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent paper published in Am. J. Phys. describes an experiment designed to measure the one-way speed of light. Although the experiment is very interesting, in particular to be used in student laboratories, it is in fact determining the two-way speed of light.

Rodrigo de Abreu; Vasco Guerra

2009-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

475

Status of UCLA Helical Permanent-Magnet Inverse Free Electron Laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A helical undulator, utilizing permanent-magnet of cylindrically symmetric (Halbach) geometry is being developed at UCLA's Neptune Facility. The initial prototype is a short 10 cm, 7 periods long helical undulator, designed to test the electron-photon coupling by observing the micro-bunching is currently being constructed. The Neptune IFEL facility utilizes a 15 MeV Photoinjector-generated electron beam of 0.5 nC interacting with CO{sub 2} of peak energy up to 100 J, estimated to have acceleration of 100 MeV/m. An Open Iris-Loaded Waveguide Structure (OILS) scheme which conserves laser mode size and wave fronts throughout the undulator, is utilized to avoid Gouy phase shift caused by focusing of the drive laser. Undulator design was tested by computer simulations Radia and Genesis 1.3. Coherent Transition Radiation and Coherent Cherenkov Radiation will be used for micro-bunching diagnostic. Currently permanent dipoles and their aluminum holders have been built, and the project is in its final state of assembly and undulator testing.

Knyazik, A.; Tikhoplav, R.; Frederico, J. T.; Affolter, M.; Rosenzweig, J. B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

476

A Permanent-Magnet Microwave Ion Source for a Compact High-Yield Neutron Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present recent work on the development of a microwave ion source that will be used in a high-yield compact neutron generator for active interrogation applications. The sealed tube generator will be capable of producing high neutron yields, 5x1011 n/s for D-T and ~;;1x1010 n/s for D-D reactions, while remaining transportable. We constructed a microwave ion source (2.45 GHz) with permanent magnets to provide the magnetic field strength of 87.5 mT necessary for satisfying the electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) condition. Microwave ion sources can produce high extracted beam currents at the low gas pressures required for sealed tube operation and at lower power levels than previously used RF-driven ion sources. A 100 mA deuterium/tritium beam will be extracted through a large slit (60x6 mm2) to spread the beam power over a larger target area. This paper describes the design of the permanent-magnet microwave ion source and discusses the impact of the magnetic field design on the source performance. The required equivalent proton beam current density of 40 mA/cm2 was extracted at a moderate microwave power of 400 W with an optimized magnetic field.

Waldmann, Ole; Ludewigt, Bernhard

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

477

Axial gap permanent-magnet machine with reluctance poles and PM element covers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electric machine (10) has a disk-shaped rotor (24) disposed in an operating space between two opposing stator assemblies (11, 12) to provide two axial air gaps (15, 16). The rotor (24) has a hub (28) and an outer ring (26) of non-magnetic material and is further provided with a plurality of permanent magnetic elements (25) for coupling flux that is induced by the magnetic field of the stator assemblies (11, 12). The permanent magnetic elements (25) are spaced apart and reluctance poles (27) are positioned in spaces between the magnetic elements (25) to couple additional flux induced by the magnetic field of the stator assemblies (11, 12). Various constructions and shapes (40-45) for the PM magnetic elements (25) are disclosed, and including PM covers (60) of ferromagnetic material for enhancing q-axis flux in the air gaps (15, 16) and for reducing harmonics where toothed stators are used. Methods of providing increased torque using the the various rotor constructions are also disclosed.

Hsu, John S [Oak Ridge, TN; McKeever, John W [Oak Ridge, TN

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

A basis of settlement: Economic foundations of permanent pioneer communities. [Lunar settlement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High transport costs will dominate the pattern of lunar development. During the earliest phases, when lunar facilities consist of a research and resource development complex with staff serving tours of a few months, transport costs will encourage local production of food, fuel, and building materials. Once these capabilities are in place and the number of personnel grows to a few hundred, staff rotation might well dominate transport budgets. At that point it would make economic sense to encourage some members of staff to become permanent residents. By analogy with early British settlement in Australia, a vigorous private sector economy could emerge if the lunar organization provided quasi-export earning through its role as the community's major employer and as the major buyer of locally-produced goods. By providing such a market for goods and services, the lunar organization would not only provide a means whereby permanent residents would support themselves but could also accelerate the process of replacing imported goods with local manufactures, thereby reducing the cost of operations. By analogy with recent Alaskan experience, if the resource development activity started making money from sales to orbital customers, severance taxes and/or royalty payments could also provide means by which a lunar community could support itself.

Jones, E.M.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Temperature and thermal stress distributions for the HFIR permanent reflector generated by nuclear heating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The beryllium permanent reflector of the High Flux Isotope Reactor has the main functions for slowing down and reflecting the neutrons and housing the experimental facilities. The reflector is heated as a result of the nuclear reaction. Heat is removed mainly by the cooling water passing through the densely distributed coolant holes along the vertical or axial direction of the reflector. The reflector neutronic distribution and its heating rate are calculated by J.C. Gehin of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory by applying the Monte Carlo Code MCNP. The heat transfer boundary conditions along several reflector interfaces are estimated to remove additional heat from the reflector. The present paper is to report the calculation results of the temperature and the thermal stress distributions of the permanent reflector by applying the computer aided design code I-DEAS and the finite element code ABAQUS. The present calculation is to estimate the high stress areas as a result of the new beam tube cutouts along the horizontal mid-plane of the reflector of the recent reactor upgrade project. These high stresses were not able to be calculated in the preliminary design analysis in earlier 60`s. The heat transfer boundary conditions are used in this redesigned calculation. The material constants and the acceptance criteria for the allowable stresses are mainly based on that assumed in the preliminary design report.

Chang, S.J.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

New simulation speed record set on Sequoia | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

New simulation speed record set on Sequoia | National Nuclear Security New simulation speed record set on Sequoia | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > New simulation speed record set on Sequoia New simulation speed record set on Sequoia Posted By Office of Public Affairs New simulation speed record set on Sequoia Computer scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and

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481

CIP methods for hyperbolic system with variable and discontinuous coefficient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a multi-moment method for one-dimensional hyperbolic equations with smooth coefficient and piecewise constant coefficient. The method is entirely based on the backward characteristic method and uses the solution and its derivative as unknowns and cubic Hermite interpolation for each computational cell. The exact update formula for solution and its derivative is derived and used for an efficient time integration. At points of discontinuity of wave speed we define a piecewise cubic Hermite interpolation based on immersed interface method. The method is extended to the one-dimensional Maxwell's equations with variable material properties.

Ito, Kazufumi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Wind of Variable C in M33  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the spectrum of Var C in M33 obtained just before the onset of its current brightening and recent spectra during its present "eruption" or optically thick wind stage. These spectra illustrate the typical LBV transition in apparent spectral type or temperature that characterizes the classical LBV or S Dor-type variability. LBVs are known to have slow, dense winds during their maximum phase. Interestingly, Var C had a slow wind even during its hot, quiescent stage in comparison with the normal hot supergiants with similar temperatures. Its outflow or wind speeds also show very little change between these two states.

Humphreys, Roberta M; Gordon, Michael; Weis, Kerstin; Burggraf, Birgitta; Bomans, D J; Martin, John C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Kinematic measures and stroke rate variability in elite female 200-m swimmers in the four swimming techniques: Athens 2004 Olympic semi-finalists and French National  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Kinematic measures and stroke rate variability in elite female 200-m swimmers in the four of this work was to study stroke rate variability in elite female swimmers (200-m events, all four techniques semi-finalists (group N, n=64). Since swimming speed (V) is the product of stroke rate (SR) and stroke

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

484

Monitoring variability of multivariate processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper focuses on determining changes in process variability of multivariate processes. The problem is compounded by the fact that any of the elements in the variance-covariance matrix of variables could change, leading to a change in the process variability. While it may not be feasible to maintain individual control charts for each element of the variance-covariance matrix, some aggregate measure of the variability criteria could be monitored to initially determine if a change has occurred in the process variability. A couple of aggregate measures are proposed and the performance of these suggested measures is explored through a simulation procedure. Compared to the traditional method, which monitors the determinant of the variance-covariance matrix, these alternatives perform well. The performance measure used is the mean time to first detection of a change in the process variability.

Amitava Mitra; Mark Clark

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

On the Riemann Function and Irregular Singular Points for Axisymmetric Black Hole Collisions at the Speed of Light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The news function providing some relevant information about angular distribution of gravitational radiation in axisymmetric black hole collisions at the speed of light had been evaluated in the literature by perturbation methods, after inverting second-order hyperbolic operators with variable coefficients in two independent variables. More recent work has related the appropriate Green function to the Riemann function for such a class of hyperbolic operators in two variables. The present paper obtains an improvement in the evaluation of the coefficients occurring in the second-order equation obeyed by the Riemann function, which might prove useful for numerical purposes. Eventually, we find under which conditions the original Green-function calculation reduces to finding solutions of an inhomogeneous second-order ordinary differential equation with a non-regular singular point.

Giampiero Esposito; Cosimo Stornaiolo

2002-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

486

High resolution, high speed ultrahigh vacuum microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The history and future of transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is discussed as it refers to the eventual development of instruments and techniques applicable to the real time in situ investigation of surface processes with high resolution. To reach this objective, it was necessary to transform conventional high resolution instruments so that an ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) environment at the sample site was created, that access to the sample by various in situ sample modification procedures was provided, and that in situ sample exchanges with other integrated surface analytical systems became possible. Furthermore, high resolution image acquisition systems had to be developed to take advantage of the high speed imaging capabilities of projection imaging microscopes. These changes to conventional electron microscopy and its uses were slowly realized in a few international laboratories over a period of almost 40 years by a relatively small number of researchers crucially interested in advancing the state of the art of electron microscopy and its applications to diverse areas of interest; often concentrating on the nucleation, growth, and properties of thin films on well defined material surfaces. A part of this review is dedicated to the recognition of the major contributions to surface and thin film science by these pioneers. Finally, some of the important current developments in aberration corrected electron optics and eventual adaptations to in situ UHV microscopy are discussed. As a result of all the path breaking developments that have led to today's highly sophisticated UHV-TEM systems, integrated fundamental studies are now possible that combine many traditional surface science approaches. Combined investigations to date have involved in situ and ex situ surface microscopies such as scanning tunneling microscopy/atomic force microscopy, scanning Auger microscopy, and photoemission electron microscopy, and area-integrating techniques such as x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy, low-energy electron diffraction, temperature programmed desorption, high-resolution electron energy-loss and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopies, and others. Material systems ranging from atomic layers of metals and semiconductors to biology related depositions are being investigated. In the case of biological materials, however, strict limitations to high-resolution applications are imposed by electron radiation damage considerations.

Poppa, Helmut [National Center for Electron Microscopy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Using the Twentieth Century Reanalysis to assess climate variability for the European wind industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We characterise the long-term variability of European near-surface wind speeds using 140 years of data from the Twentieth Century Reanalysis (20CR), and consider the potential of such long-baseline climate data sets for wind energy applications. The low resolution of the 20CR would severely restrict its use on its own for wind farm site-screening. We therefore perform a simple statistical calibration to link it to the higher-resolution ERA-Interim data set (ERAI), such that the adjusted 20CR data has the same wind speed distribution at each location as ERAI during their common period. Using this corrected 20CR data set, wind speeds and variability are characterised in terms of the long-term mean, standard deviation, and corresponding trends. Many regions of interest show extremely weak trends on century timescales, but contain large multidecadal variability. Variations in the form of the wind speed distribution are assessed in terms of its deciles; we find that the commonly-used Weibull distribution often pro...

Bett, Philip E; Clark, Robin T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Theory of dissociative recombination of a linear triatomic ion with permanent electric dipole moment: Study of HCO{sup +}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a theoretical description of dissociative recombination of triatomic molecular ions having large permanent dipole moments. The study has been partly motivated by a discrepancy between experimental and theoretical cross sections for dissociative recombination of the HCO{sup +} ion. The HCO{sup +} ion has a considerable permanent dipole moment (Dapprox =4 D), which has not been taken explicitly into account in previous theoretical studies. In the present study, we include explicitly the effect of the permanent electric dipole on the dynamics of the incident electron using the generalized quantum defect theory, and we present the resulting cross section obtained. This demonstrates the possibility of applying generalized quantum defect theory to the dissociative recombination of molecular ions.

Douguet, Nicolas; Kokoouline, Viatcheslav; Greene, Chris H. [Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States) and Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud XI, Orsay (France); Department of Physics and JILA, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

489

Vermont Standard Offer for Qualifying SPEED Resources | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vermont Standard Offer for Qualifying SPEED Resources Vermont Standard Offer for Qualifying SPEED Resources Vermont Standard Offer for Qualifying SPEED Resources < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Maximum Rebate Varies by technology Program Info Start Date 09/30/2009 State Vermont Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount Varies by technology Provider VEPP, Inc. '''''Note: The first RFP for the new competitive award process has passed; applications were accepted through May 1, 2013. See the program web site for information regarding future solicitations. ''''' In May 2009, Vermont enacted legislation requiring all Vermont retail electricity providers to purchase electricity generated by eligible

490

New superlong-stroke slow-speed diesel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changes in the marine market and ship design in recent years created a demand for lower speed two-stroke engines. To meet this demand, MAN B W has added to its MC engine family the new S-versions, with cylinder bores of 80, 70, 60, 50 and 26 cm. The stroke-to-bore ratio was selected to be around 3.8:1, versus 3.2:1 for the previous L-versions. This basically reduced the engine speed to achieve a mean piston speed for improved propeller efficiency, increased the cylinder displacement for higher output, and improved the fuel consumption. 5 figs.

Kunberger, K.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Engine control system having speed-based timing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system for an engine having a cylinder is disclosed having an engine valve movable to regulate a fluid flow of the cylinder and an actuator associated with the engine valve. The control system also has a controller in communication with the actuator. The controller is configured to receive a signal indicative of engine speed and compare the engine speed signal with a desired engine speed. The controller is also configured to selectively regulate the actuator to adjust a timing of the engine valve to control an amount of air/fuel mixture delivered to the cylinder based on the comparison.

Willi, Martin L. (Dunlap, IL); Fiveland, Scott B. (Metamora, IL); Montgomery, David T. (Edelstein, IL); Gong, Weidong (Dunlap, IL)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

492

Coal-fueled high-speed diesel engine development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this program are to study combustion feasibility by running Series 149 engine tests at high speeds with a fuel injection and combustion system designed for coal-water-slurry (CWS). The following criteria will be used to judge feasibility: (1) engine operation for sustained periods over the load range at speeds from 600 to 1900 rpm. The 149 engine for mine-haul trucks has a rated speed of 1900 rpm; (2) reasonable fuel economy and coal burnout rate; (3) reasonable cost of the engine design concept and CWS fuel compared to future oil prices.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

The constancy, or otherwise, of the speed of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New varying speed of light (VSL) theories as alternatives to the inflationary model of the universe are discussed and evidence for a varying speed of light reviewed. Work linked with VSL but primarily concerned with deriving Planck's black body energy distribution for a gas-like aether using Maxwell statistics is considered also. Doubly Special Relativity, a modification of special relativity to account for observer dependent quantum effects at the Planck scale, is introduced and it is found that a varying speed of light above a threshold frequency is a necessity for this theory.

Daniel J. Farrell; J. Dunning-Davies

2004-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

494

Influence of field potential on the speed of light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper discusses the affection of the scalar potential on the speed of light in the electromagnetic field, by means of the characteristics of octonion. In the octonion space, the radius vector is combined with the integral of field potentials to become one new radius vector. When the field potentials can not be neglected, the new radius vector will cause the prediction to departure slightly from the theoretical value of the speed of light. The results explain why the speed of light varies in diversiform optical waveguide. And there exist negative refractive indexes due to different scalar potentials in the gravitational field and electromagnetic field.

Zi-Hua Weng

2009-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

495

Taking Control of Green Speed Thomas A. Nikolai, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to know about green speed A lot of green speed misinformation Poor communication cited #1 problem GreenTaking Control of Green Speed Thomas A. Nikolai, Ph.D. The Doctor of Green Speed nikolait finds when requesting green speed help are.... #12;The 3 most common answers a superintendent finds when

496

Permanent Rules and Executive Orders effective as of 07-22-2010  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rules and Executive Orders effective as of 07-22-2010 Rules and Executive Orders effective as of 07-22-2010 Title 748 - Uniform Building Code Commission Chapter 1 Administrative Operations Chapter 3 General Provisions Chapter 5 Fees and Collection of Fees Chapter 7 Commission Committees Chapter 10 Code Adoption Procedures Chapter 15 Code Adopted by State Agencies and Political Subdivisions Permanent Rules and Executive Orders effective as of 07-22-2010 Title 748 - Uniform Building Code Commission Chapter 1 - Administrative Operations 748:1-1-1. Organization The employees of the Commission shall be organized and divided into such divisions or units, as the Commission deems desirable for efficiency. Such organization and division may be revised by the Commission as it finds necessary or expedient. Copies of the organizational chart are available upon

497

Indirect rotor position sensing in real time for brushless permanent magnet motor drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a modern solution to real-time rotor position estimation of brushless permanent magnet (PM) motor drives. The position estimation scheme, based on flux linkage and line-current estimation, is implemented in real time by using the abc reference frame, and it is tested dynamically. The position estimation model of the test motor, development of hardware, and basic operation of the digital signal processor (DSP) are discussed. The overall position estimation strategy is accomplished with a fast DSP (TMS320C30). The method is a shaft position sensorless method that is applicable to a wide range of excitation types in brushless PM motors without any restriction on the motor model and the current excitation. Both rectangular and sinewave-excited brushless PM motor drives are examined, and the results are given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method with dynamic loads in closed estimated position loop.

Ertugrul, N. [Univ. of Adelaide (Australia). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering] [Univ. of Adelaide (Australia). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Acarnley, P.P. [Univ. of Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering] [Univ. of Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom). Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Permanent-magnet helicon sources and arrays: A new type of rf plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Helicon discharges are known for their ability to produce high densities of partially ionized plasma, their efficiency arising from an unusual mechanism of rf coupling. However, the requirement of a dc magnetic field has prevented their wide acceptance in industry. The use of permanent magnets greatly simplifies helicon sources, and arrays of small sources extend the use of helicons to the processing of large substrates. An eight-tube array was designed and constructed, and its density uniformity measured in a 53x165 cm{sup 2} chamber. Three innovations involved (a) the remote field of ring magnets, (b) a low-field density peak, and (c) rf power distribution. High-density plasmas uniform over large areas requires compatibility in all three areas.

Chen, Francis F.; Torreblanca, Humberto [University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-1594 (United States)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

Design, Manufacture and Measurements of Permanent Quadrupole Magnets for Linac4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compact quadrupole magnets are required for the CCDTL (Cell-Coupled Drift Tube Linac) of Linac 4, a 160 MeV linear accelerator of negative hydrogen ions which will replace the old 50 MeV proton Linac2 at CERN. The magnets, of an overall physical length of 140 mm and an aperture diameter of 45 mm, are based on Sm2Co17 blocks and can provide an integrated gradient of up to 1.6 Tesla. The magnetic field quality is determined by 4 ferromagnetic pole tips, aligned together with the permanent magnets blocks inside a structure made in a single piece. Tuning bars allow to individually trim the magnetic flux provided by each pole, to correct possible differences between blocks and to modify the field gradient intensity within about 20% of the nominal value. The paper describes and discusses the design, manufacture and magnetic measurements of a first prototype magnet.

Tommasini, D; Thonet, P; Vorozhtsov, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Computing the External Magnetic Scalar Potential due to an Unbalanced Six-Pole Permanent Magnet Motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The accurate computation of the external magnetic field from a permanent magnet motor is accomplished by first computing its magnetic scalar potential. In order to find a solution which is valid for any arbitrary point external to the motor, a number of proven methods have been employed. Firstly, A finite element model is developed which helps generate magnetic scalar potential values valid for points close to and outside the motor. Secondly, charge simulation is employed which generates an equivalent magnetic charge matrix. Finally, an equivalent multipole expansion is developed through the application of a toroidal harmonic expansion. This expansion yields the harmonic components of the external magnetic scalar potential which can be used to compute the magnetic field at any point outside the motor.

Selvaggi J, Salon S, Kwon O, Chari MVK

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z