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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Chapter Seven - Variable speed drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The electromechanical controllers are a kind of variable speed drives (VSDs) that are obsolete but are still in use because when a motor and a drive is combined, they become a power drive system (PDS). There are two ways of varying the speed of an induction motor, either by varying the motor slip or by varying the supply frequency. The preferred practice for electrical speed variation is to change the supply frequency with a variable frequency drive (VFD). Many other designs also have been developed. However, except the specialized applications, few are still in operation. A number of motor and drive manufacturers are now producing the integrated motor/VFD units. These units consist of a motor and a specially designed VFD, produced as a single package, with the VFD unit mounted variously on the top, side, or end of the motor.

Europump; Hydraulic Institute

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Solutions for Interharmonics in Variable Speed Drives for LNG Plants:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Variable speed drives can cause components of any frequency known as interharmonics. Large variable speed drives in the order of tens of megawatts can replace… (more)

Verhulst, M.P.A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

6 - Control systems for AC variable speed drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter explores the control system, embodied in the control circuits. The simplest method of providing auxiliary power to the converter control circuits is from an auxiliary transformer connected to the mains. The primary need for current feedback in general purpose variable speed drives (VSDs) is inverter switching device protection. Various disadvantages of the vector controlled AC drive as compared to a DC drive are discussed in the chapter. The strategy of an AC vector control drive is to calculate the individual current vectors to eventually enable separate control of the flux current and the torque current under all speed and load conditions. The power circuit for a vector converter is almost identical to that used by a variable voltage variable frequency (VVVF) drive. High accuracy motor current feedback is also necessary to provide control of motor torque. DC bus current feedback is suitable for switching device protection and current limiting in most AC VSDs. Analog speed transducers are increasingly being replaced by digital devices, which are more compatible with modern digital control systems.

Malcolm Barnes

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Simplified Modelling and Control of a Synchronous Machine with VariableSpeed SixStep Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electrical power flow in the machine. Cost is a driving factor in the design of such a system, and the power frequency than PWM as well. II. VARIABLE­SPEED ELECTRIC MACHINE DRIVES While the choice of driveSimplified Modelling and Control of a Synchronous Machine with Variable­Speed Six­Step Drive

Sanders, Seth

5

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-58636 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Systems: Variable Efficient Cleanrooms Efficient HVAC Water Systems: Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Tengfang Xu Contents HVAC.................................................................................................................................... 6 #12;HVAC Water Systems Variable-Speed-Drive Chillers Summary Cleanroom energy benchmarking data

6

Comparing Two Types of Magnetically- Coupled Adjustable Speed Drives with Variable Frequency Drives in Pump and Fan Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the results from laboratory tests on MagnaDrive Corporations fixed-magnet magnetically-coupled adjustable speed drive (MC-ASD) and Coyote Electronics electromagnetic MC-ASD as compared to a typical variable frequency drive (VFD...

Anderson, K. J.; Chvala, W. D.

7

Variable Speed Drive (VSD) Applications in Dual-Duct Constant Volume Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Models have been developed for static pressure and potential supply fan energy savings by using variable speed drive (VSD) in dual-duct constant volume systems. Experiments have been performed using a full size dual-duct constant volume system...

Joo, I.; Liu, M.; Conger, K.; Wang, G.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Modeling and Experimental Investigation of a Variable Speed Drive Water Source Heat Pump  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate variable speed characteristics are needed for water source heat pumps (WSHP) to design variable speed controls to adjust refrigerant flow rates in heat pumps and air conditioners. The system capacity can then be regulated to match the compressor loads to the heating or cooling needs to improve the energy efficiency and lower energy costs. The motor and compression characteristics of WSHP were modeled to include the coupling between the motor speed and the torque characteristics and compression characteristics. An analytical model is given for a variable speed hermetic scroll compressor that describes various factors, such as the drive frequency, suction pressure, and discharge pressure as a function of the compressor speed. The model was validated experimentally using R22 and \\{R134a\\} in an experimental WSHP with variable speed control using frequency conversion. The results show that the analytical model properly describes the variable speed characteristics and provides a control strategy for adjusting the capacity of scroll compressors to match the heat pump or air conditioner operating conditions.

Zhifang Xue; Lin Shi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Variable speed drive as an alternative solution for a micro-hydro power plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This diploma work is mainly focused on developing the control strategy for avariable speed drive as an alternative solution to a micro-hydro power plant.… (more)

Akhtar, Malik Usman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Damage measurements on the NWTC direct-drive, variable-speed test bed  

SciTech Connect

The NWTC (National Wind Technology Center) Variable-Speed Test Bed turbine is a three-bladed, 10-meter, downwind machine that can be run in either fixed-speed or variable-speed mode. In the variable-speed mode, the generator torque is regulated, using a discrete-stepped load bank to maximize the turbine`s power coefficient. At rated power, a second control loop that uses blade pitch to maintain rotor speed essentially as before, i.e., using the load bank to maintain either generator power or (optionally) generator torque. In this paper, the authors will use this turbine to study the effect of variable-speed operation on blade damage. Using time-series data obtained from blade flap and edge strain gauges, the load spectrum for the turbine is developed using rainflow counting techniques. Miner`s rule is then used to determine the damage rates for variable-speed and fixed-speed operation. The results illustrate that the controller algorithm used with this turbine introduces relatively large load cycles into the blade that significantly reduce its service lifetime, while power production is only marginally increased.

Sutherland, H.J. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Carlin, P.W. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

High-performance prediction for variable-speed switched reluctance drives  

SciTech Connect

This work presents a simple developed nonlinear dynamic model of variable reluctance motor (VRM) based on its magnetic characteristics, considering the saturation effect. Most preliminary design work is centered on a fixed speed, or a small number of fixed speeds, even when the requirement is for operation over a wide speed range. This work deals with both constant and variable speed operation. Model development is motivated by the good performance predictions required to support and simplify the design of a high performance controller. Because the magnetization curves do not need to be pre-calculated, measured, stored, curve-fitted, or idealized the model is extremely simple, fast, and accurate. Simulation results of the phase current and torque on both chopping and single-pulse mode of operations are presented.

Ismail, F. [Cairo Univ. (Egypt); Wahsh, S.; Mohamed, A.Z. [Electronics Research Inst., Giza (Egypt)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

12

Variable Frequency Pump Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-frequency electric motor drive. What is happenin9 with variable frequency driven pun,ps is a classical illustration that evolution in technical products takes place not only because of changes in the processes served by these products, or because of innovations...-pole 3550 rpm squirrel caqe induction motor became available in the early 1930s that high pressure pumps operating at that speed could be buil t. And now, in the 1980s, the development of the solid-state, variable frequency electric motor drive...

Karassik, I. J.; Petraccaro, L. L.; McGuire, J. T.

13

Measurable energy savings of installing variable frequency drives for cooling towers’ fans, compared to dual speed motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In recent years the building management system (BMS) controllers have been used to control the operation of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system in addition to lighting and some electrical equipment in order to save energy. In the water cooled system, the BMS controls the operation process of the cooling towers (CTs) fans of dual speed motors to maintain a constant leaving water temperature for different cooling loads and different ambient wet bulb temperature (WBT). This paper presents the effect of installing variable frequency drives (VFDs) for \\{CTs\\} fans in Kuwait during summer season on energy savings compared to dual speed control. The results have shown that with VFD mode, the reduction in water consumption was over 13% compared to the commonly used dual speed mode. More importantly, the combined power for the chillers and the \\{CTs\\} fans for the same amount of cooling produced were reduced by 5.8% in the VFD mode.

E. Al-Bassam; R. Alasseri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Adjustable Speed Drive Part-Load Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

An adjustable speed drive (ASD) is a device that controls the rotational speed of motor-driven equipment. Variable frequency drives (VFDs), the most common type of ASDs, efficiently meet varying process requirements by adjusting the frequency and voltage of the power supplied to an AC motor to enable it to operate over a wide speed range. External sensors monitor flow, liquid levels, or pressure and then transmit a signal to a controller that adjusts the frequency and speed to match process requirements.

15

Economical Aspects of Adjustable Speed Drives in Pumping Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Speed variations of pumps have become increasingly popular as the technology to produce variable frequency drives has progressed. Variable speed drives have many advantages compared to throttle valves when it comes to regulation of flow. They offer...

Hovstadius, G.

16

Adjustable Speed Drive Industrial Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric motors are significant users of electricity in the United States. Approximately 66 percent of the total electricity in the U.S. is used by electric motors. Electronic adjustable speed drives (ASDs) can save energy, lower maintenance cost...

Poole, J. N.

17

Variable Frequency Drives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How BPA Supports VFDs Rebates are available from your utility for Variable Frequency Drives on pumps 20hp or greater and storage fans.. Energy savings from VFDs vary and can...

18

Chapter 18: Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol  

SciTech Connect

An adjustable-speed drive (ASD) includes all devices that vary the speed of a rotating load, including those that vary the motor speed and linkage devices that allow constant motor speed while varying the load speed. The Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol presented here addresses evaluation issues for variable-frequency drives (VFDs) installed on commercial and industrial motor-driven centrifugal fans and pumps for which torque varies with speed. Constant torque load applications, such as those for positive displacement pumps, are not covered by this protocol. Other ASD devices, such as magnetic drive, eddy current drives, variable belt sheave drives, or direct current motor variable voltage drives, are also not addressed. The VFD is by far the most common type of ASD hardware. With VFD speed control on a centrifugal fan or pump motor, energy use follows the affinity laws, which state that the motor electricity demand is a cubic relationship to speed under ideal conditions. Therefore, if the motor runs at 75% speed, the motor demand will ideally be reduced to 42% of full load power; however, with other losses it is about 49% of full load power.

Romberger, J.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Adjustable Speed Drive Study, Part 2.  

SciTech Connect

Advances in speed control for motors in recent years, notably those in power electronics, have widened the range of application for several adjustable speed drive (ASD) types to include the smaller horsepower sizes. The DC motor drive, formerly in almost universal use for speed control, is being challenged by the high efficiency induction motor/pulse width modulation (PWM) drive; and for special small horsepower size applications, by the permanent magnet motor/PWM inverter drive or by the switched reluctance motor drive. The main characteristics of the several ASD types suitable for small horsepower size applications are discussed, as well as their unwanted side effects: poor power factor, harmonic distortion of the supply, acoustic noise, and electromagnetic interference. A procedure is recommended for determining which, if any, ASD to use.

Wallace, Alan K.; Oregon State University. Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Adjustable Speed Drive Study, Part 1.  

SciTech Connect

Advances in speed control for motors in recent years, notably those in power electronics, have widened the range of application for several adjustable speed drive (ASD) types to include the smaller horsepower sizes. The dc motor drive, formerly in almost universal use for speed control, is being challenged by the high efficiency induction motor/pulse width modulation (PWM) drive; and for special small horsepower size applications, by the permanent magnet motor/PWM inverter drive or by the switched reluctance motor drive. The main characteristics of the several ASD types suitable for small horsepower size applications are discussed, as well as their unwanted side effects: poor power factor, harmonic distortion of the supply, acoustic noise, and electromagnetic interference. A procedure is recommended for determining which, if any, ASD to use. 31 figs., 6 tabs.

Wallace, Alan K.; Oregon State University. Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Magnetically Coupled Adjustable Speed Motor Drives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alternating current electric motors rotate at a nearly constant speed that is determined by motor design and line frequency. Energy savings of 50% or more may be available when fixed speed systems are modified to allow the motor speed to match variable load requirements of a centrifugal fan or pump. This tip sheet describes the advantages of magnetically coupled ASDs and provides suggested actions.

22

Adjustable speed drive for residential applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a demonstration of an adjustable speed drive suitable for use in residential applications such as compressors and fans in heat pumps, air conditioners, and refrigerators. The adjustable speed drive uses only a four-diode rectifier and a six-transistor six-diode inverter and does not require a source-frequency filter inductor or capacitor. Motor speed is adjusted with source-frequency phase control eliminating the switching loss and electromagnetic interference caused by the more commonly used high-frequency pulse-width modulation. Low source-current distortion and high power factor are obtained at a full-load operating point which is found using a parametric analysis.

Jungreis, A.M.; Kelley, A.W. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Globally competitive variable-speed wind turbines  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the design issues which must be addressed if variable-speed wind turbines are to compete in the global marketplace. The paper examines how component-specific design decisions must be made on a system level if an optimized system is to be the result. The relationships among the blades, the generator and the utility interface are considered in detail, using the conceptual design of a 12 kW variable-speed wind turbine (the AOC 8/12) as a running example. The turbine is based on a direct-drive variable-reluctance generator (VRG), a single- or three-phase utility interface as appropriate, and a three-bladed rotor with fixed pitch. A preliminary turbine specification is provided, along with candidate power-speed curves and annual energy output. This paper documents the continuing development and commercialization of this technology which is being taken from the proof-of-concept stage and is now headed for field testing.

Torrey, D.A. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY (United States); Childs, S.E.; Johnson, B.; Carter, J. [Atlantic Orient Corp., Norwich, VT (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

INSTALLATION, COMMISSIONING AND TROUBLE SHOOTING OF VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, the installation of variable frequency drive on board a ship is introduced briefly. In this particular study the variable frequency drive was… (more)

Kuituniemi, Santtu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Renewable variable speed hybrid system   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At present many remote and Island communities rely solely on diesel powered generators to provide electricity. Diesel fuel is both expensive and polluting and the constant speed operation of the diesel engine is inefficient. ...

Stott, Paul Anthony

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Abstract--The induction motor is well known as the workhorse of industry. The development of variable speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of variable speed induction motor drives has a long history of more than four decades. Today's sophisticated--Induction motor control I. INTRODUCTION EFORE the invention of variable frequency voltage and current source inverters the induction motor was never thought as continuously variable speed drive. Only some adaptations

Paderborn, Universität

27

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013 Peer Review Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump 2013 Peer Review Emerging Technologies Project for...

28

Minimize Adverse Motor and Adjustable Speed Drive Interactions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Electronic adjustable speed drives (ASDs) are extremely efficient and valuable assets to motor systems. They allow precise process control and provide energy savings within systems that do not need to operate continuously at full output. This tip sheet discusses design considerations to take into account when considering ASDs and offers suggested actions.

29

Wavelet analysis of electric adjustable speed drive waveforms  

SciTech Connect

The three most common adjustable speed drives (ASDs) used in HVAC equipment, namely, pulse-width modulated (PWM) induction drive, brushless-dc drive, and switched-reluctance drive, generate non-periodic and nonstationary electric waveforms with sharp edges and transients. Deficiencies of Fourier transform methods in analysis of such ASD waveforms prompted an application of the wavelet transform. Results of discrete wavelet transform (DWT) analysis of PWM inverter-fed motor waveforms are presented. The best mother wavelet for analysis of the recorded waveforms is selected. Data compression properties of the selected mother wavelet are compared to those of the fast Fourier transform (FFT). Multilevel feature detection of ASD waveforms using the DWT is shown.

Czarkowski, D. [Polytechnic Univ., Brooklyn, NY (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Domijan, A. Jr. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Extended cage adjustable speed electric motors and drive packages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The rotor cage of a motor is extended, a second stator is coupled to this extended rotor cage, and the windings have the same number of poles. The motor torque and speed can be controlled by either injecting energy into or extracting energy out from the rotor cage. The motor produces less harmonics than existing doubly-fed motors. Consequently, a new type of low cost, high efficiency drive is produced. 12 figs.

Hsu, J.S.

1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

31

Variable Speed of Light Research Project Dave Schumann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variable Speed of Light Research Project Dave Schumann Dr. Bharath Narayanan 21 September 2003 mathematics of the Variable Speed of Light (VSL) theory. In a paper titled, "A Time Varying Speed of Light of a variable speed of light in the early stages of the universe. They propose corrections to the cosmological

Zakharov, Vladimir

32

Pitch and torque control of variable speed wind turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis the torque, speed and pitch angle control of variable speed wind turbine is investigated. In particular, it concentrates on the extraction of… (more)

Kulka, Arkadiusz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Thermodynamics in variable speed of light theories  

SciTech Connect

The perfect fluid in the context of a covariant variable speed of light theory proposed by J. Magueijo is studied. On the one hand the modified first law of thermodynamics together with a recipe to obtain equations of state are obtained. On the other hand the Newtonian limit is performed to obtain the nonrelativistic hydrostatic equilibrium equation for the theory. The results obtained are used to determine the time variation of the radius of Mercury induced by the variability of the speed of light (c), and the scalar contribution to the luminosity of white dwarfs. Using a bound for the change of that radius and combining it with an upper limit for the variation of the fine structure constant, a bound on the time variation of c is set. An independent bound is obtained from luminosity estimates for Stein 2015B.

Racker, Juan [CONICET, Centro Atomico Bariloche, Avenida Bustillo 9500 (8400), San Carlos De Bariloche (Argentina); Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N (1900), La Plata (Argentina); Sisterna, Pablo [Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Funes 3350 (7600), Mar del Plata (Argentina); Vucetich, Hector [Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque S/N (1900), La Plata (Argentina)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

Thermodynamics in variable speed of light theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The perfect fluid in the context of a covariant variable speed of light theory proposed by J. Magueijo is studied. On the one hand the modified first law of thermodynamics together with a recipe to obtain equations of state are obtained. On the other hand the Newtonian limit is performed to obtain the nonrelativistic hydrostatic equilibrium equation for the theory. The results obtained are used to determine the time variation of the radius of Mercury induced by the variability of the speed of light ($c$), and the scalar contribution to the luminosity of white dwarfs. Using a bound for the change of that radius and combining it with an upper limit for the variation of the fine structure constant, a bound on the time variation of $c$ is set. An independent bound is obtained from luminosity estimates for Stein 2015B.

Juan Racker; Pablo Sisterna; Hector Vucetich

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

35

High-speed gears for gas turbine drive  

SciTech Connect

Recently, Lufkin Industries, Power Transmission Div., full-load tested a high-speed gear designed to couple a 50 Hz electric power generator to a GE LM6000 gas turbine for a power generation project in Australia. The gear is rated 52.2 MW to match the output of the LM6000 gas turbine believed to be one of the largest gear testing operations for this type and size of gear. Each gear drive manufactured by Lufkin is full-speed tested to verify its performance. Tests performed on high-speed units duplicate field conditions, as closely as possible, in order to verify critical speed analysis results and new bearing designs, if used. Lufkin also tests design techniques used in the development of new products. The finite element analysis performed to predict housing deflection in the thrust bearing area of a new extruder driveline was verified by testing of a prototype unit housing. Recently, housing structure stiffness and natural frequencies were predicted and verified on the test stand for some 50 MW vertically offset gear units. A complete data acquisition system is used to gather data from bearing, inlet and drain temperature monitoring points. The temperature monitoring system will accommodate type T,K,J, and E thermocouples and platinum and nickel RTDs.

Kane, J.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Chi-Variable-Speed-of-Light Cosmologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variable-Speed-of-Light (VSL) cosmologies are currently attracting much interest as a possible alternative to cosmological inflation. We discuss the fundamental geometrodynamic aspects of VSL cosmologies, and provide several alternative implementations. These implementations provide a large class of VSL cosmologies that pass the zeroth-order consistency tests of being compatible with both classical Einstein gravity and low-energy particle physics. While they solve the ``kinematic'' puzzles as well as inflation does, VSL cosmologies typically do not solve the flatness problem since in their purest form no violation of the strong energy condition occurs. Nevertheless, these models are easy to unify with inflation.

Stefano Liberati; Bruce A. Bassett; Carmen Molina-Paris; Matt Visser

2000-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

37

Cloud speed impact on solar variability scaling â?? Application to the wavelet variability model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kleissl, J. , 2013. Deriving cloud velocity from an array ofCloud Speed Impact on Solar Variability Scaling -this work, we determine from cloud speeds. Cloud simulator

Lave, Matthew; Kleissl, Jan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced, Variable Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Advanced, Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Advanced,

39

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Integrated Heat Pump prototype system and field test site near Knoxville, TN Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab Advanced variable-speed Air Source Integrated Heat Pump prototype...

40

Control of a 6/4 switched reluctance motor in a variable speed pumping application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An original variable-speed pumping system was developed through integrating a power converter, switched reluctance motor (SRM), centrifugal pump, and speed control strategy. A customized power converter and speed control strategy were selected, designed, and implemented to regulate the speed of the SRM-pump system. The control strategy to regulate the speed of the SRM consisted of a digital controller made with PI and phase-lead compensators in series and, simultaneously, adjusting the advanced firing angle as a function of the desired motor speed. It was experimentally demonstrated that the inverter-SRM-pump system is a good option to drive a centrifugal pump with a relatively high efficiency at all speeds.

Horacio Vasquez; Joey Parker; Timothy Haskew

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Variable Frequency Drives: Energy Savings and Impact on Motor Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Variable frequency drives (VFDs) have found widespread application in recent years. VFDs are valued for their potential to save energy and improve processes. Reliability has improved significantly, but there are still pitfalls to be addressed...

Petro, D.

42

A review on sensorless techniques for sustainable reliablity and efficient variable frequency drives of induction motors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Variable frequency drives (VFDs) can provide reliable dynamic systems and significant savings in energy usage and costs of the induction motors (IMs). Sensorless controlled IM drives have advantages in terms of efficiency enhancement and energy savings for critical applications such as electric vehicles, high performance machine tools, fans, compressors, etc. IM drives without having speed sensors or optical encoders mounted at the motor shaft are attractive because of their lower cost and higher reliability. When mechanical speed sensor is removed, the rotor speed information is estimated using the measured quantities of stator voltages and currents at the IM terminals. This paper highlights the sensorless techniques applied to the IM drives for sustainable reliability and energy savings. Overview on the IM mathematical model is briefly summarized to establish a physical basis for the sensorless schemes used. Further, the different types of IM-VFDs are presented in the paper. The main focus of this review is on the sensorless estimation techniques which are being applied to make IM-VFDs more effective during wide speed operations including very-high and very-low speed regions.

Ibrahim M. Alsofyani; N.R.N. Idris

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

variable speed air-source variable speed air-source integrated heat pump (AS-IHP) - CRADA Van D. Baxter Oak Ridge National Laboratory vdb@ornl.gov; 865-574-2104 April 3, 2013 Development of advanced HVAC/WH system options for efficient residential or small commercial buildings, new const. or retrofit * ET R&D project in support of DOE/BTO Goal of 50% Reduction in Building Energy Use by 2030 IHP concept - all HVAC & WH services integrated into

44

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pump  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

variable speed air-source variable speed air-source integrated heat pump (AS-IHP) - CRADA Van D. Baxter Oak Ridge National Laboratory vdb@ornl.gov; 865-574-2104 April 3, 2013 Development of advanced HVAC/WH system options for efficient residential or small commercial buildings, new const. or retrofit * ET R&D project in support of DOE/BTO Goal of 50% Reduction in Building Energy Use by 2030 IHP concept - all HVAC & WH services integrated into

45

Efficient Energy Management: Is Variable Frequency Drives the Solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Over the last few years the cost of power electricity has increased significantly. Researchers and manufacturers of electrical goods have been trying to find ways to minimize the use of power electricity while maintaining the efficiency of electrical equipments. To provide efficient energy management for today's market, manufacturers are now turning to a technology known as variable frequency drives (VFDs). \\{VFDs\\} are being used for various equipments ranging from small electrical appliances to the largest of mine mill drives and compressors. Household air conditioning compressors, for example, are not short of running on VFD technology. This concept paper will discuss the alternative use of this energy.

Nasir Khalid

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Analysis and Simulation of Mechanical Trains Driven by Variable Frequency Drive Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Induction motors and Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) are widely used in industry to drive machinery trains. However, some mechanical trains driven by VFD-motor systems have… (more)

Han, Xu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Variable current speed controller for eddy current motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A speed control system for eddy current motors is provided in which the current to the motor from a constant frequency power source is varied by comparing the actual motor speed signal with a setpoint speed signal to control the motor speed according to the selected setpoint speed. A three-phase variable voltage autotransformer is provided for controlling the voltage from a three-phase power supply. A corresponding plurality of current control resistors is provided in series with each phase of the autotransformer output connected to inputs of a three-phase motor. Each resistor is connected in parallel with a set of normally closed contacts of plurality of relays which are operated by control logic. A logic circuit compares the selected speed with the actual motor speed obtained from a digital tachometer monitoring the motor spindle speed and operated the relays to add or substract resistance equally in each phase of the motor input to vary the motor current to control the motor at the selected speed.

Gerth, H.L.; Bailey, J.M.; Casstevens, J.M.; Dixon, J.H.; Griffith, B.O.; Igou, R.E.

1982-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

48

Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Variable Speed Pumping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency of chilled water and condenser pumps, along with chiller efficiency and cooling tower efficiency, operate, and control water-pumping systems to achieve high efficiency and to lower life-cycle costsLBNL-58637 Best Practices for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Variable Speed Pumping Tengfang Xu June

49

Intelligent speed controller for a Switched Reluctance Motor drive using FPGA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, an FPGA-based digital speed control scheme is presented to overcome the drawbacks in the previous speed control schemes, proposed for Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) drives. It is based on discrete control algorithm, and requires simple mathematical models. The real-time experimental results given in this paper show that the closed-loop speed control method proposed could provide accurate speed control upto 6.2 rpm depending on the needed operating speed range, with a step response settling time of 0.25-1.05 s. It can also perform accurately at different operating conditions and over a wide range of speeds. Complete descriptions of the experimental system along with FPGA implementation are presented.

S. Vijayan; S. Paramasivam

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

How to Avoid Overestimating Variable Speed Drive Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Measure full flow power, rather than assuming it is the same as motor nameplate or design power. For many pump and fan systems, none of the eight factors will apply, or their effects will be negligible. However, analysts should consider their applicability...

Maxwell, J. B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

High efficiency pool filtering systems utilising variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over 1 year, private swimming pools in Australia will typically consume 1680 GWh of electricity, producing 2130 kt of CO2. Redesigning a pool's filtration system and using it more efficiently can reduce the energy use, and hence the CO2 production, by a significant amount. This paper describes experimental measurements carried out on a new design of pool pump system. Initial experiments using a variable frequency drive (VFD) with a standard, single phase pump/motor system have achieved energy savings of 40%. Utilising a VFD and a three phase pump/motor energy savings of 61% have been achieved, without degrading the system performance.

Z. Hameiri; T. Spooner; A.B. Sproul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Applications of adjustable speed drives. (Latest citations from the EI Compendex*plus database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning types and applications of adjustable speed drives (ASD). Uses in heat pumps, fans, compressors, electric motors, boiler feed systems, and power transmission are described. Coverage includes AC-DC motors, induction motors, and brushless electric motors. Energy cost savings are also examined. (Contains a minimum of 102 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Field demonstration of optimized variable speed compressor and condenser fan control for commercial refrigeration systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The demonstration project discussed in this report consisted of two separate programs intended to examine methods of implementing variable-frequency drives (VFDs) to increase the efficiency of supermarket refrigeration racks. The first program examined the optimum control strategy for minimizing the power consumption of medium-temperature parallel compressor racks driven by VFDs. The second program, aimed at developing the optimum control strategy for variable-speed control of supermarket condenser fans.

NONE

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generation February 2000 * NREL/CP-500-27143 E. Muljadi and C.P. Butterfield Presented at the 1999 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting Phoenix, Arizona October 3-7, 1999 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 NREL is a U.S. Department of Energy Laboratory Operated by Midwest Research Institute * * * * Battelle * * * * Bechtel Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Midwest Research Institute (MRI), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-99GO10337. Accordingly, the US Government and MRI retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

55

Variable Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer Room Air Conditioners  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Variable-Speed Fan Variable-Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer-Room Air Conditioners Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program Technology Case Study Bulletin By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Steve Greenberg September 2013 2 Contacts Steve Greenberg Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, 90R3111 Berkeley, California 94720 (510) 486-6971 segreenberg@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP, please contact: Will Lintner, P.E., CEM Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 (202) 586-3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov 3 Acknowledgements EPRI: Dennis Symanski, Brian Fortenbery Synapsense: Garret Smith, Patricia Nealon Vigilent: Corinne Vita

56

Performance of twist-coupled blades on variable speed rotors  

SciTech Connect

The load mitigation and energy capture characteristics of twist-coupled HAWT blades that are mounted on a variable speed rotor are investigated in this paper. These blades are designed to twist toward feather as they bend with pretwist set to achieve a desirable twist distribution at rated power. For this investigation, the ADAMS-WT software has been modified to include blade models with bending-twist coupling. Using twist-coupled and uncoupled models, the ADAMS software is exercised for steady wind environments to generate C{sub p} curves at a number of operating speeds to compare the efficiencies of the two models. The ADAMS software is also used to generate the response of a twist-coupled variable speed rotor to a spectrum of stochastic wind time series. This spectrum contains time series with two mean wind speeds at two turbulence levels. Power control is achieved by imposing a reactive torque on the low speed shaft proportional to the RPM squared with the coefficient specified so that the rotor operates at peak efficiency in the linear aerodynamic range, and by limiting the maximum RPM to take advantage of the stall controlled nature of the rotor. Fatigue calculations are done for the generated load histories using a range of material exponents that represent materials from welded steel to aluminum to composites, and results are compared with the damage computed for the rotor without twist-coupling. Results indicate that significant reductions in damage are achieved across the spectrum of applied wind loading without any degradation in power production.

Lobitz, D.W.; Veers, P.S.; Laino, D.J.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

57

Variable Speed of Light Cosmology, Primordial Fluctuations and Gravitational Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A variable speed of light (VSL) cosmology is developed with a spontaneous breaking of Lorentz invariance in the early universe. A non-minimal electromagnetic coupling to curvature and the resulting quantum electrodynamic vacuum polarization dispersive medium can produce $c\\gg c_0$ in the early universe, where $c_0$ is the measured speed of light today. Higher derivative curvature contributions to the effective gravitational action and quantum gravity vacuum polarization can produce a dispersive medium and a large increase in the speed of gravitational waves $c_g\\gg c_{g0}$ in the early universe, where $c_{g0}$ is the speed of gravitational waves today. The initial value problems of cosmology are solved: the horizon and flatness problems. The model predicts primordial scalar and tensor fluctuation spectral indices $n_s=0.96$ and $n_t=- 0.04$, respectively. The BICEP2 observation of $r=0.2$ yields $r/n_t=-5$ which is close to the single-field inflationary consistency condition $r/n_t=-8$.

J. W. Moffat

2014-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Analysis and Simulation of Mechanical Trains Driven by Variable Frequency Drive Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Induction motors and Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) are widely used in industry to drive machinery trains. However, some mechanical trains driven by VFD-motor systems have encountered torsional vibration problems. This vibration can induce large...

Han, Xu

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

59

Optimal control for variable-speed wind generation systems using General Regression Neural Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An induction generator (IG) speed drive with the application of an optimal controller and a proposed General Regression Neural Network (GRNN) controller is introduced in this paper. Grid connected wind energy conversion system (WECS) present interesting control demands, due to the intrinsic nonlinear characteristic of wind mills and electric generators. The GRNN with adaptive ant colony optimization (AACO) torque compensation is feed-forward to increase the robustness of the wind driven induction generator system. An optimal control loop for the wind power system is designed. The optimality of the whole system is defined in relation with the trade-off between the wind energy conversion maximization and the minimization of the induction generator torque variation that is responsible for the frequency fluctuations. This is achieved by using a combined optimization criterion, resulting in a LQ tracking problem with an infinite horizon and a measurable exogenous variable (wind speed). The proposed controller is designed to drive the turbine speed to extract maximum power from the wind and adjust to the power regulation.

Chih-Ming Hong; Fu-Sheng Cheng; Chiung-Hsing Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Effect on energy use and greenhouse microclimate through fan motor control by variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison was conducted between ON–OFF and variable frequency drive (VFD) systems to control greenhouse ventilation fans. The study aimed to determine the effect of each system on the energy consumption and resulting greenhouse microclimate. The experiments were conducted in a commercial size greenhouse in which pepper was grown. To check the performance of the fan that was controlled by a VFD system, it was installed in a test facility and operated under several rotation speeds. At each speed of rotation, the static pressure on the fan was changed and parameters, such as electricity consumption and air flow rate, were measured. Reducing the fan speed with the VFD system resulted in reductions in the air flow rate through the greenhouse and energy consumption, the latter being much more significant. The study showed that VFD control can reduce electricity consumption compared with ON–OFF operation by an amount that depends on the weather. In the present study, the average energy consumption with the VFD control system over a period of one month, was about 0.64 of that with an ON–OFF system. The average greenhouse daily air temperatures and humidity ratios obtained with each control system between 0700 and 1800 were nearly equal during that month. The results obtained in the greenhouse further show that the VFD system has a greater potential than the ON–OFF to reduce the range of amplitude variations in the air temperature and humidity ratio within the greenhouse.

Meir Teitel; Yun Zhao; Moti Barak; Eli Bar-lev; David Shmuel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Smart bacterial foraging algorithm based controller for speed control of switched reluctance motor drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, a innovative methodology for Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) drive control using Smart Bacterial Foraging Algorithm (SBFA) is presented. This method mimics the chemotactic behavior of the E. Coli bacteria for optimization. The proposed algorithm uses individual and social intelligences, so that it can search responses among local optimums of the problem adaptively. This method is used to tune the coefficients of a conventional Proportion–Integration (PI) speed controller for SRM drives with consideration of torque ripple reduction. This matter is done by applying the proposed algorithm to a multi-objective function including both speed error and torque ripple. This drive is implemented using a DSP-based (TMS320F2812) for an 8/6, 4-kW SRM. The simulation and experimental results confirm the improved performance of adjusted PI controller using SBFA in comparison with adjusted PI controller using standard BFA. Excellent dynamic performance, reduced torque ripple and current oscillation can be achieved when the coefficients of PI controller are optimized by using SBFA.

Ehsan Daryabeigi; Behzad Mirzaeian Dehkordi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project Advanced Variable Speed Air-Source Integrated Heat Pumps Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy is currently conducting research into advanced variable speed air-source integrated heat pumps (AS-IHPs). Project Description This project seeks to develop AS-IHP products for the larger air-source system market. Development focuses on a fully variable capacity or variable speed AS-IHP option. Project Partners Research is being undertaken through a cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) between the Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and a CRADA partner. Project Goals The goal of this project is the development of a fully variable-speed version of an AS-IHP product that can provide heating, ventilation, and air

63

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility. 14 figs.

Muljadi, E.

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

64

Variable Speed Wind Turbine Generator with Zero-sequence Filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

65

Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility.

Muljadi, Eduard (Golden, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Variable speed wind turbine for maximum power capture using adaptive fuzzy integral sliding mode control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a nonlinear control approach to variable speed wind turbine (VSWT) with a wind speed estimator. The dynamics of the wind turbine (WT) is derived from single ... has been considered for exact e...

Saravanakumar Rajendran…

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Nonsinusoidal electrical measurement accuracy in adjustable-speed motors and drives  

SciTech Connect

Accurate measurements of voltage, current, and power under nonsinusoidal conditions are essential for determining the efficiency of a drive system and performing separation of losses between an adjustable-speed drive (ASD) and an electric motor. That information is invaluable for equipment designers, manufacturers, and users. Three modern power meters and analyzers were tested to determine their accuracy with various nonsinusoidal waveforms applied. The meters were subjected to waveforms that are characteristic to the three most common fractional and integral horsepower ASD technologies, namely, pulsewidth modulation induction, brushless dc, and switched-reluctance drives. The tests were performed under field conditions and in a computer-controlled laboratory environment. The obtained results show that some meters are able to measure accurately electric power at the input to ASD`s. However, the output power of ASD`s for brushless dc and switched-reluctance technology was not measured with acceptable accuracy by any of the tested meters. Possible reasons of meters inaccuracies and suggestions for performance improvement are presented. Conclusions on the present state of ASD electric power measurements and recommendations for further research are given.

Domijan, A. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States); Czarkowski, D. [Polytechnic Univ., Brooklyn, NY (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [Polytechnic Univ., Brooklyn, NY (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Johnson, J.H. [J.H. Johnson Associates, Inc., Tipp City, OH (United States)] [J.H. Johnson Associates, Inc., Tipp City, OH (United States)

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Performance of electric power meters and analyzers in adjustable-speed drive applications  

SciTech Connect

Electric adjustable-speed drives (ASDs) are increasingly used in heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment due to the energy savings and comfort of operation they offer. Power electronic circuits that are employed in ASDs shape their input and output voltage and current waveforms, making them highly distorted from typical power-grid sinusoids. Accurate measurements of voltage, current, and power under nonsinusoidal conditions are essential for determining the efficiency of an HVAC unit and performing separation of losses between an ASD and an electric motor. That information is invaluable for HVAC equipment designers, manufacturers, and users. Three modern power meters and analyzers were tested to determine their accuracy with various nonsinusoidal waveforms applied. The meters were subjected to waveforms that are produced by the three most common ASD technologies used in air conditioners and heat pumps, namely, PWM induction, DC-brushless, and switched-reluctance drives. The tests were performed under field conditions and in a computer-controlled laboratory environment. The results obtained show that some meters can accurately measure electric power at the input to ASDs. However, the output power of ASDs for DC-brushless and switched-reluctance technology was not measured with acceptable accuracy by any of the tested meters. Possible reasons for meter inaccuracies and suggestions for performance improvement are given.

Czarkowski, D.; Domijan, A. Jr. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

69

Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems B. Beltran, T. Ahmed power generation in variable speed wind energy conversion systems (VS-WECS). These systems have two variations. Index Terms--Wind energy conversion system, power generation control, sliding mode control

Boyer, Edmond

70

Energy Efficient Control of a Boosting System with Multiple Variable-Speed Pumps in Parallel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with multiple variable-speed pumps in parallel is to minimize the pump system energy consumption by controlEnergy Efficient Control of a Boosting System with Multiple Variable-Speed Pumps in Parallel Zhenyu. The experimental results show a huge potential to improve the energy efficiency of multi-pump systems using

Yang, Zhenyu

71

Special and general relativity extended to allow for a variable light speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There have been a number of papers proposing that the light speed of a homogeneous and isotropic universe is variable. This paper outlines a simple way that the vectors and tensors of special relativity can be extended to allow such a variable light speed and show how the field equation of general relativity can also be extended with particular application to such a universe.

Robert C. Fletcher

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

72

Atmospheric Circulation Effects on Wind Speed Variability at Turbine Height  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mean monthly wind speed at 70 m above ground level is investigated for 11 sites in Minnesota for the period 1995–2003. Wind speeds at these sites show significant spatial and temporal coherence, with prolonged periods of above- and below-normal ...

Katherine Klink

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Variable Frequency AC Drives for Cooling Tower Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and economics. Automatic fan speed control by sensing cold water temperature is the economic essence of the application of adjustable frequency power to A-C fan motors. 2.2 Cell Partitions In some multi-cell mechanical-draft cooling towers, the isolation... of individual cell air streams is ineffective due to one or more of the following: --Partitions are missing. --Partitions are incomplete. This condition results in temperature control problems. For example, if constant CWT is desired, and no means...

Corey, R. W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Conservation Theory Process Control Using Variable Frequency Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the economic considerations of variable frequency control and to point out possible applications in order to create greater awareness of the options available to the engineer as he develops new...

Myers, N. S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Variable frequency drives for MSF desalination plant and associated pumping stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Power Electronic Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) are a well proven, reliable and cost efficient solution to ensure precise control of torque and speed of electrically driven rotating machines (such as pumps, compressors, fans, extruders etc.) in a wide range of industrial process. For the purpose of pumps applications, if compared to conventional mechanical flow regulation systems (vanes, gearbox, hydraulic coupling etc.) VFD provides the advantages of more efficient energy management as well as better accuracy and flexibility in process control. Latest technologies in silicon power devices, microprocessors and software development allowed remarkable improvements in performances, reliability and cost reduction; as a consequence energy savings due to VFD use are ensuring investment pay back in a very short time. After a quick summary about basic concepts on VFD for fluid flow control and a short description of different VFD’s topologies presently available, special attention is focused on a recent application for pump in a MSF desalination, as well as in other applications in pumping stations for water transmission systems associated to desalination plants.

Roberto Camoirano; Giuseppe Dellepiane

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Variable Speed Drive Volumetric Tracking (VSDVT) for Airflow Control in Variable Air Volume (VAV) Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volume Systems.? Proceedings of ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Vol. 5, pp. 219-223. 3. Liu M., Zhu Y., Claridge D.E., and White E., 1997. ?Impact of Static Pressure Set Level on HVAC Energy Consumption and Indoor... Volume Systems.? Proceedings of ACEEE 1994 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Vol. 5, pp. 219-223. 3. Liu M., Zhu Y., Claridge D.E., and White E., 1997. ?Impact of Static Pressure Set Level on HVAC Energy Consumption and Indoor...

Liu, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

On the efficiency of electrical submersible pumps equipped with variable frequency drives: A field study  

SciTech Connect

A field study was conducted on 18 electrical-submersible-pump- (ESP-) equipped wells operating in the Williston basin. Fifteen of these wells were run with variable frequency drives (VFD`s). The purpose of the study was to determine the efficiency and operating characteristics of ESP`s operating with VFD`s and compare them to those without. Voltage, current, power, and frequency were measured at the drive input, the drive output, and ESP input. Production data were recorded and power and efficiency were calculated at all measurement locations and compared to published data.

Patterson, M.M. [Patterson (Maurice M.), Hemphill, TX (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Collapse, Expansion, and a Variable Speed of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an information-theoretic view of how an observer within a quantum system will perceive his world. It is argued that because of the indistinguishability of quantum particles, a coherent state will appear to an observer within the system like a singularity. As superposition is lost, space appears to expand, although to the outsider it is merely the collapse of the wave function. Implications of these ideas to cosmology are considered. The superluminal expansion of space provides a basis to understand inflationary cosmologies. This expansion may be taken to be equivalent to a much faster speed of light during the inflationary period. These ideas can be tested by checking for `higher' speed of light from photons emitted by decohering atoms.

Subhash Kak

2001-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

79

Electro-Thermal Dynamics and the Effects of Generalized Discontinuous Pulse Width Modulation Algorithms on High Performance Variable Frequency Drives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is concerned with issues observed with the variable frequency drive, VFD, traction inverter used in the Buckeye Bullet 3 as it performed during… (more)

Krohn, Austin Bengoechea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Energy saving in agricultural buildings through fan motor control by variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comparison was conducted between ON–OFF and variable frequency drive (VFD) systems to control ventilation fans of greenhouses and poultry houses. The study aimed to determine the effect of each system on the energy consumption and resulting microclimate within the houses. The experiments were carried out in a commercial-size greenhouse in which pepper was grown and in commercial poultry houses. Reducing the fan speed with the VFD system resulted in reductions in the airflow rate through the houses and energy consumption, the latter being much more significant. The study showed that VFD control can reduce electricity consumption compared with ON–OFF operation. In the present study, the average energy consumption with the VFD control system was about 0.64 and 0.75 of that with an ON–OFF system in the greenhouse and poultry houses, respectively. The average greenhouse daily air temperatures and humidity ratios obtained with each control system between 07:00 and 18:00 were nearly equal. The results obtained in the greenhouse further showed that the VFD system has a greater potential than the ON–OFF, to reduce the range of amplitude variations in the air temperature and humidity ratio within the greenhouse. The average air temperatures over day and night, in the poultry houses, with each control system were nearly equal. The relative humidity, however, was slightly lower with VFD than with ON–OFF. Reductions in the range of amplitude variations of the air temperature and humidity were also observed in the poultry houses.

Meir Teitel; Asher Levi; Yun Zhao; Moti Barak; Eli Bar-lev; David Shmuel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Sensorless Speed Control of Permanent Magnet-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor (PMa-SynRM)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An interesting alternative for today's high efficiency variable speed drives is the Permanent Magnet-Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor drive, which belongs to the family of brushless synchronous AC motor drives. Generally, the reluctance torque...

Chakali, Anil K.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

82

Integral variable structure current control of DFIG-based wind turbines near cut-in speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the grid voltage orientated vector control technique, a novel integral variable structure controller for current control of variable speed doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines near cut-in wind speed is proposed. The proposed current controller can not only ensure generators' safe cut-in switches to the grid, but also maximum energy capture after switch motion without any regulations. By these, simulations of a 1.5 MW DFIG-based wind turbine near cut-in wind speed are separately conducted under integral variable structure control (IVSC) and PI control. The results show that IVSC strategy, which gives better dynamic response, less static error, smaller controller output dithering, stronger global robustness against generator parameters uncertainty and the grid voltage fluctuation, as well as needless controller regulation after cutting-in the grid, obviously preponderates over traditional PI control for DFIG-based wind turbines near cut-in speed.

Changliang Xia; Huimin Wang; Zhanfeng Song

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impacts of Wind Speed Trends and Long- term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir and Long-term Variability in Relation to Hydroelectric Reservoir Inflows on Wind Power in the Pacific through diversification. In hydroelectric dominated systems, like the PNW, the benefits of wind power can

Kohfeld, Karen

84

General study of the control principles and dynamic fault behaviour of variable-speed wind turbine and wind farm generic models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The interest towards generic models or sometimes also called standard models of wind turbine generators (WTGs) is significantly increasing. Mainly due to their improved power quality, better controllability and higher power extraction capability, variable-speed wind turbines driving a synchronous or an induction machine are capturing the global market. Throughout this paper, dynamic modelling and performance analysis of the generic models of the variable-speed WTGs, namely the doubly-fed induction generator and the fully-rated converter based WTGs, are achieved using integration between Matlab/Simulink and PSCAD/EMTDC simulation platforms. Later on, the performance of type-4 wind turbine driving a permanent magnet synchronous machine is analysed during fault and then compared with the case when driving a wound rotor induction machine. The differences in control principles and dynamic fault behaviour are highlighted. Afterwards, investigations on wind farm level are accomplished. A case study during which the developed generic models and the generic model of the variable-speed machine are compared is conducted. Different arrangements for the construction of the generic wind farm are considered.

Tareq Saber Abuaisha

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Abstract Efficiency issues of variable-capacitance micromotors are discussed in context of combined drive and motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

motors, electric drives, efficiency I. INTRODUCTION An active area of research for commercial of combined drive and motor interaction. It is shown that variable-capacitance motors ideally have nearly, the drive system consisting of both the motor and electronics is not ideal when considering different

Chapman, Patrick

86

Optimization of direct drive induction motors for electric ship propulsion with high speed propellers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct drive electric ship propulsion can offer increased flexibility and reduced overall fuel consumption compared to geared mechanical systems [Davis 1987, Doerry 2007]. As a well-established technology, induction motors are a dependable and economical ... Keywords: AC motors, induction motor drives, induction motors, thermal analysis

S. C. Englebretson; J. L. Kirtley, Jr; C. Chryssostomidis

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Backstepping control of DFIG generators for wide-range variable-speed wind turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we have presented a general study of self excited induction generator used in isolated renewable energy conversion source. Tthe behaviour of generated voltage under variable load, rotor speed and excitation capacitance is presented. Also, we have proposed a robust controller suitable in order to control the terminal DC voltage under different speed and AC load conditions for supplied an isolated DC load. The experimental characteristic curve of the generator and simulation result of proposed control scheme are presented.

Badre Bossoufi; Mohammed Karim; Ahmed Lagrioui; Mohammed Taoussi; Mohamed Larbi ElHafyani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

On Structure and History of Space-time with Variable Speed of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply the variable speed of light into general relativity in order to solve the problems we met in the standard cosmology. We're surprised to find that, the results from the general relativity in cosmology are exactly the same as those we got from Newtonian dynamics. The relation between the Newtonian dynamics and the relativistic dynamics can be demonstrated with the variable speed of light. With this approach, some problems in the standard cosmology such as the flatness problem and the horizon problem doesn't arise any more. All the cosmological results and the physical results are reasonable and natural. There are no any difficulties in the standard cosmology.

Guoyou Huang

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Theoretical model for evaluation of variable frequency drive for cooling water pumps in sea water based once through condenser cooling water systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In sea water based once through cooling water system for power plants, sea water is pumped through the condenser and the return hot water is let back to sea. The cooling water pumps (CWP) in power plants generally operate at constant speed, pumping variable quantities of water depending on the tide level in the sea. The variable flow causes variation in condenser back pressure resulting in changes in the turbine cycle heat rate. If the pump speed is controlled using a variable frequency drive (VFD) to maintain design flow irrespective of the tide level, the CWP power consumption can be reduced compared to the case with constant speed CWP. However, the turbine cycle heat rate benefit that could have accrued at tide levels above the pre defined level (for fixing the CWP head) with constant speed CWP would have to be sacrificed. This paper provides a theoretical model with a typical case study to establish viability of providing VFD for \\{CWPs\\} in power plants with sea water based once through condenser cooling water system.

R. Harish; E.E. Subhramanyan; R. Madhavan; S. Vidyanand

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Analysis of Variable Speed Optimization Operation Effect of Different?type Pumps in Jiangdu Pumping Station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The following paper puts forward 45 combination schemes of different?type pumps in different daily?average heads and operation loads in Jiangdu Pumping Station. Based on every scheme the minimum electricity consumption cost selected as the objective function this paper gives the results of variable speed optimal operations with dynamic planning methods in both considering time?sharing electricity prices and not simultaneously it gives the results of fixed speed conventional operation considering time?sharing electricity prices. Then according to the unit energy consumption cost the paper gives comparison analysis of the effect of different?type pumps in variable speed optimization operation the conclusions can offer decision?making bases for optimization research of pumping stations considering time?sharing electricity prices and tide levels of Yangtze River and offer references for transformation and economical operation of large and medium?size pumping stations.

Qiu Jinxian; Cheng Jilin; Luo Jinyao; Zhang Rentian; Zhang Lihua; Gong Yi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid Fault by Sigrid M. Bolik Institute of Energy turbine technology has undergone rapid developments. Growth in size and the optimization of wind turbines

Hansen, René Rydhof

92

Individual Pitch Control for Mitigation of Power Fluctuation of Variable Speed Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Individual Pitch Control for Mitigation of Power Fluctuation of Variable Speed Wind Turbines, China mcheng@seu.edu.cn Abstract-- Grid connected wind turbines are the sources of power fluctuations presents an individual pitch control (IPC) strategy to mitigate the wind turbine power fluctuation at both

Hu, Weihao

93

FPGA based neural network position and speed estimator for switched reluctance motor drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the design and implementation of the sensorless control system for the Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) drive without a position sensor. The SRM has been receiving attention for industry applications due to its low cost in mass production, ... Keywords: position estimation, resistance estimation, switched reluctance motor

Jakub Talla; Josef Stehlik

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Low speed control of a DC motor driving a mechanical system with fuzzy adaptive compensation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

both dry and lubricated sliding junctions. For experiments, an IBM PC, a dSPACE DSP board, SIMULINK and Real Time Workshop are used. All three control systems can achieve such a very low sustainable speed as 0. 005 rad/sec without stick... Suggestions . REFERENCES 48 49 51 52 APPENDIX A SIMULINK PROGRAMS. 55 APPENDIX B INSTALLATION PROCEDURE OF THEdSPACE DSP BOARD . 59 VITA 61 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page I Common friction models 10 2 Stribeck Iriction-speed curve 12 3 Partial fluid...

Hyun, Dongyoon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

95

Performance Analysis of Air-Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Analysis of Air- Analysis of Air- Source Variable Speed Heat Pumps and Various Electric Water Heating Options Jeffrey Munk Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Acknowledgements * Tennessee Valley Authority - David Dinse * U.S. Department of Energy * Roderick Jackson * Tony Gehl * Philip Boudreaux * ZEBRAlliance 3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Overview * Electric Water Heating Options - Conventional Electric Water Heaters - Heat Pump Water Heaters * Air-Source * Ground-Source - Solar Thermal Water Heater * Variable Speed Heat Pumps - Energy Use Analysis - Measured Performance - Operational Characteristics 4 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Presentation_name Water Heating Options

96

Performance of convergence-based variable-gain control of optical storage drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a method for the performance assessment of a variable-gain control design for optical storage drives is proposed. The variable-gain strategy is used to overcome well-known linear control design trade-offs between low-frequency tracking properties and high-frequency noise sensitivity. A convergence-based control design is proposed that guarantees stability of the closed-loop system and a unique bounded steady-state response for any bounded disturbance. These favourable properties, guaranteed by virtue of convergence, allow for a unique performance evaluation of the control system. Moreover, technical conditions for convergence are derived for the variable-gain controlled system and a quantitative performance measure, taking into account both low-frequency tracking properties and high-frequency measurement noise sensitivity, is proposed. The convergence conditions together with the performance measure jointly constitute a design tool for tuning the parameters of the variable-gain controller. The resulting design is shown to outperform linear control designs.

N. van de Wouw; H.A. Pastink; M.F. Heertjes; A.V. Pavlov; H. Nijmeijer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Technological Advances in Hydraulic Drive Trains for Wind Turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reliability of frequency converters is a major concern for wind turbines. ChapDrive AS has built and tested a hydraulic drive train for variable speed wind turbines which includes a synchronous generator that is connected to the grid without the use of a frequency converter. The hydraulic drive train consists of a hydraulic pump, a variable displacement hydraulic motor, and a synchronous generator, which enables rotor speed control while maintaining synchronous speed of the generator. It has been proven that the hydraulic drive train and the ChapDrive Control system are able to absorb fluctuations in the wind speed and maintain a constant power output without the use of frequency converters. The hydraulic drive train and the ChapDrive Control system has been modeled analytically and compared to measurements, demonstrating a good agreement between simulations and measurements.

K.E.Thomsen; O.G. Dahlhaug; M.O.K. Niss; S.K. Haugset

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Robust Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis of Variable Speed Induction Motor Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detection (FD) probability versus SNR. ........................ 33 2.6 Experimental setup: (a) faulty test motors, (b) DC generator, (c) 3-hp induction motor, (d) data acquisition board, (e) torque monitor, (f) oscilloscope, and (g) spectrum analyzer... detection (FD) probability versus SNR. ........................ 33 2.6 Experimental setup: (a) faulty test motors, (b) DC generator, (c) 3-hp induction motor, (d) data acquisition board, (e) torque monitor, (f) oscilloscope, and (g) spectrum analyzer...

Choi, Seungdeog

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

99

Airflow regulation in variable-speed systems for residential HVAC applications  

SciTech Connect

In the majority of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, air is the final medium for adding or extracting heat from or to the space to be air conditioned. Air is heated by passing it over a heat transfer device called a coil, which is a heat exchanger with air on the outside and the primary heating/cooling medium (water, steam, electricity, refrigerant, etc.) on the inside. One of the major factors determining heat transfer is the airflow rate, which can be controlled by mechanical means or by controlling the speed of the fan. Centrifugal fans driven by single-speed induction motors traditionally have been used in the JVAC industry but have an airflow characteristic that depends on the static pressure seen by the system. Variable-speed systems are starting to emerge as a strong alternative to traditional systems because of their ability to match the demand of the air-conditioned space, resulting in higher efficiencies and higher comfort. System efficiency can be improved by constraining the range of airflows provided by the fan or blower system in response to system pressure, that is, by controlling the airflow over the heat exchanger. This paper presents a method to regulate airflow independent of the static pressure and without the need for airflow sensors.

Becerra, R.C.; Beifus, B.L. [General Electric Co., Fort Wayne, IN (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Field Study of Performance, Comfort, and Sizing of Two Variable-Speed Heat Pumps Installed in a Single 2-Story Residence  

SciTech Connect

With the recent advancements in the application of variable-speed (VS) compressors to residential HVAC systems, opportunities are now available to size heat pumps (HPs) to more effectively meet heating and cooling loads in many of the climate zones in the US with limited use of inefficient resistance heat. This is in contrast to sizing guidance for traditional single-speed HPs that limits the ability to oversize with regard to cooling loads, because of risks of poor dehumidification during the cooling season and increased cycling losses. VS-drive HPs can often run at 30-40% of their rated cooling capacity to reduce cycling losses, and can adjust fan speed to provide better indoor humidity control. Detailed air-side performance data was collected on two VS-drive heat pumps installed in a single unoccupied research house in Knoxville, TN, a mixed-humid climate. One system provided space conditioning for the upstairs, while the other unit provided space conditioning for the downstairs. Occupancy was simulated by operating the lights, shower, appliances, other plug loads, etc. to simulate the sensible and latent loads imposed on the building space by internal electric loads and human occupants according to the Building America Research Benchmark (2008). The seasonal efficiency and energy use of the units are calculated. Annual energy use is compared to that of the single speed minimum efficiency HPs tested in the same house previously. Sizing of the units relative to the measured building load and manual J design load calculations is examined. The impact of the unit sizing with regards to indoor comfort is also evaluated.

Munk, Jeffrey D [ORNL; Odukomaiya, Adewale O [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Field Verification of Energy and Demand Savings of Two Injection Molding Machines Retrofitted with Variable Frequency Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed field measurements of energy consumption (kWh) and demand (kW) are conducted on two injection molding machines (IMMs) used in a typical plastic manufacturing facility in the San Francisco Bay Area, with/without Variable Frequency Drives...

Liou, S. P.; Aguiar, D.

102

The effect of TMP refining using an adjustable-speed drive on energy consumption and pulp quality. [ThermoMechanical Pulp  

SciTech Connect

An experimental investigation was conducted to study the effect of TMP refining using adjustable-speed drive (ASD) on energy consumption and pulp quality. The project is based on the studies of disc refiner models at high- and low-consistency refining. The primary objectives is to examine the potential energy efficiency improvement of a TMP system by evaluating the effect of TMP refining using ASD in pilot scale at the Center for High Yield Pulping Science. The pilot experimental results show that certain benefits of TMP refining using ASD can be obtained. Preliminary results demonstrate that increasing the first stage of refining speed reduces electrical energy at similar pulp quality.

Su, W.; Hsieh, J. (Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States))

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Fixed-Speed and Variable-Slip Wind Turbines Providing Spinning Reserves to the Grid: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

As the level of wind penetration increases, wind turbine technology must move from merely generating power from wind to taking a role in supporting the bulk power system. Wind turbines should have the capability to provide inertial response and primary frequency (governor) response so they can support the frequency stability of the grid. To provide governor response, wind turbines should be able to generate less power than the available wind power and hold the rest in reserve, ready to be accessed as needed. This paper explores several ways to control wind turbine output to enable reserve-holding capability. This paper focuses on fixed-speed (also known as Type 1) and variable-slip (also known as Type 2) turbines.

Muljadi, E.; Singh, M.; Gevorgian, V.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

A motor drive control system for the Lidar Polarimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Quantitative Account Gear-Train Servo Error Types. IV. DC VARIABLE SPEED MOTOR DRIVE DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS AND RFALIZATION. Introduction. 27 29 30 30 34 34 Design Consideration. The DC Power Amplifier. System Operation. Scan System Alignment... and Quantitative Account Gear-Train Servo Error Types. IV. DC VARIABLE SPEED MOTOR DRIVE DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS AND RFALIZATION. Introduction. 27 29 30 30 34 34 Design Consideration. The DC Power Amplifier. System Operation. Scan System Alignment...

Leung, Waiming

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

105

Novel sensorless generator control and grid fault ride-through strategies for variable-speed wind turbines and implementation on a new real-time simulation platform.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The usage of MW-size variable-speed wind turbines as sources of energy has increased significantly during the last decade. Advantages over fixed-speed wind turbines include more… (more)

Yang, Sheng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Techno-economic feasibility study of providing variable frequency drive for high pressure pump, SWRO plant at NDDP, Kalpakkam  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The cost of product water is a key factor in determination of acceptability of any desalination system and plant. In case of Sea Water Reverse Osmosis plants, most of the energy consumed is in the form of electricity. The High Pressure Pump (HPP) is the single major energy consuming equipment with a share of above 75%. Hence reduction in energy consumed by HPP will have a substantial effect on the overall energy consumption. The high starting torque requirement of high pressure pump results in increased acceleration time of the motor which subsequently increases the strain on the upstream electrical system from motor feeder to transformer. Provision of a Variable Frequency Drive can be a solution for both the above problems. This paper studies the techno-economic feasibility of providing variable frequency drive for HPP motor at NDDP, Kalpakkam.

R. Nagaraj; V. Murugan; Ashok Y. Dangore; K.L. Thalor; S. Prabakar; V.K. Srivastava; P.K. Tewari

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Variable-Speed Wind Generator System with Maximum Output Power Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To achieve maximum output power from wind generator systems, the rotational speed of wind generators should be adjusted in real time according to natural wind speed. This chapter pays attention to an optimum rota...

Yoko Amano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Resonant Vibrations Resulting from the Re-Engineering of a Constant-Speed 2-Bladed Turbine to a Variable-Speed 3-Bladed Turbine  

SciTech Connect

The CART3 (Controls Advanced Research Turbine, 3-bladed) at the National Wind Technology Center has recently been converted from a 2-bladed constant speed machine to a 3-bladed variable speed machine designed specically for controls research. The purpose of this conversion was to develop an advanced controls field-testing platform which has the more typical 3-bladed configuration. A result of this conversion was the emergence of several resonant vibrations, some of which initially prevented operation of the turbine until they could be explained and resolved. In this paper, the investigations into these vibrations are presented as 'lessons-learned'. Additionally, a frequency-domain technique called waterfall plotting is discussed and its usefulness in this research is illustrated.

Fleming, P.; Wright, A. D.; Finersh, L. J.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Adjustable Speed Pumping Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This tip sheet provides practical tips on the application of adjustable speed drives in industrial pumping systems.

110

Damping Control Study of the Drive Train of DFIG Wind Turbine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, damping controller for dynamic and transient control of a variable speed wind turbine is presented.the phenomenon of drive train oscillations in wind turbines is discussed. It is illustrated how the damping controller is able to reduce ... Keywords: pitch damping, drive train shaft, torque oscillation, damping control, drive train model

Zuo-xia Xing; Li-zhe Liang; Heng-yi Guo; Xiao-dong Wang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 23, NO. 2, JUNE 2008 551 Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable-Speed Wind  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ENERGY CONVERSION, VOL. 23, NO. 2, JUNE 2008 551 Sliding Mode Power Control of Variable-Speed Wind Energy Conversion Systems Brice Beltran, Tarek Ahmed-Ali, and Mohamed El Hachemi in variable-speed wind energy conversion sys- tems (VS-WECS). These systems have two operation regions de

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

112

Modifications in the Technical Specifications: Dual piston in series pump with servo-controlled variable stroke drive, floating pistons is with specs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modifications in the Technical Specifications: Pump: Dual piston in series pump with servo-controlled variable stroke drive, floating pistons is with specs mentioned below are acceptable Set points 0.001 - 10

Bhalla, Upinder S.

113

The VSL Discussion: What Does Variable Speed of Light Mean and Should we be Allowed to Think About ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past years, variable speed of light (VSL) theories have been of growing interest but also a subject of controversial discussion. They have been accused both for tautologies and for violating special relativity, and concerns have been expressed about the validity of such approaches in general (e.g. Ellis, astro-ph/0703751). Without trying completeness on the issue, the example of Einstein's VSL attempts (1911) and Dicke's `electromagnetic' theory (1957) are urges to give some comments on the above criticism.

Alexander Unzicker

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

114

Variable-speed-of-light cosmology and second law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine whether cosmologies with a varying speed of light (VSL) are compatible with the second law of thermodynamics. We find that the VSL cosmology with a varying fundamental constant is severely constrained by the second law of thermodynamics, whereas the bimetric cosmological models are less constrained.

Donam Youm

2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

115

Modelling and control of a variable speed wind turbine driving doubly fed induction generator using three-level PWM converter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this researcher is to develop a complete wind central model driven doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) which feeds an AC power grid. For that, two-pulse width modulated (PWM) voltage converters are connected back to back between the rotor terminals of DFIG and the utility grid via a common DC link, in there, our contribution will appear in the utilisation of three levels voltage inverters in order to ameliorate the energy quality. The simulation was carried out on a 2 MW wind-turbine driven DFIG system and the developed unified model validity and the proposed control strategies feasibility are all confirmed by the simulated results.

Fairouz Kendouli; Khoudir Abed; Khalil Nabti; Hocine Benalla

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

High-Speed Optical Spectroscopy of a Cataclysmic Variable Wind: BZ Camelopardalis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BZ Cam is the first cataclysmic variable star with an accretion disk wind evident in its optical spectrum. The wind was found by Thorstensen, who discovered intermittent P Cygni profiles occurring simultaneously in He I 5876 Angstroms and H alpha. We have since obtained spectra with 0.4-Angstroms/pixel dispersion and 60-s time resolution. We find a wind much faster and more rapidly variable than the radiatively accelerated winds of OB stars, Wolf-Rayet stars, or luminous blue variables. Instead of showing blob ejection, the whole wind of BZ Cam appears to turn on and off. We use this to measure the acceleration law of a CV wind for the first time. The velocity increases linearly with time, attaining blue edge velocities near -3000 km/s, and absorption velocities near -1700 km/s, in 6 to 8 min after starting near rest. We also find a subsequent linear deceleration to nearly rest in 30 to 40 min, perhaps an effect of dilution as the wind expands. No periodicity from rotational outflow is obvious. This wind is erratic and incessantly variable, and perhaps bipolar and face-on, but not highly collimated. The P Cygni absorption events trace out sawtooth waves, occurring within 30 to 40 white dwarf radii from the disk. This is the approximate size of the disk, as well as the disk/wind transition region recently postulated by Knigge and Drew. We estimate a distance of 830 +/- 160 pc, and an orbital inclination i such that 12 < i(degrees) < 40.

F. A. Ringwald; T. Naylor

1997-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

117

A techno-economic analysis of cost savings for retrofitting industrial aerial coolers with variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A techno-economic model was created in order to develop curves that show the typical annual energy savings, rate of return, and payback for retrofitting aerial coolers with variable frequency drives (VFDs) for up to 50 motors, motor sizes from 4 to 186 kW (5–250 hp), and varying climate conditions. The cost savings due to installing a VFD depends on the reduction in energy used, as well as the reduction in power demand, the capital cost of the VFD, installation cost of the VFD, change in operating cost, and cost of electricity. The geographic locations examined in this report were Fort McMurray, Calgary, Vancouver, and Thunder Bay. This study found that the IRR increases rapidly with motor size, becomes greater than 10% at a motor size of approximately 15 kW, and may be as high as 220% (for the case of fifty, 186 kW motors). The IRR is sensitive to the number of fan motors retrofitted with VFDs, however the sensitivity rapidly declines as the number of motors is increased beyond five. The simple payback period becomes less than 1 year and nearly independent of number of motors and motor size for motors larger than 90 kW. Ambient temperature and geographic location affect the profitability of the investment, although the IRR only changes by approximately 4%.

Patrick Miller; Babatunde Olateju; Amit Kumar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Auto-Calibration and Control Strategy Determination for a Variable-Speed Heat Pump Water Heater Using Optimization  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces applications of the GenOpt optimizer coupled with a vapor compression system model for auto-calibration and control strategy determination towards the development of a variable-speed ground-source heat pump water heating unit. The GenOpt optimizer can be linked with any simulation program using input and output text files. It effectively facilitates optimization runs. Using our GenOpt wrapper program, we can flexibly define objectives for optimizations, targets, and constraints. Those functionalities enable running extensive optimization cases for model calibration, configuration design and control strategy determination. In addition, we describe a methodology to improve prediction accuracy using functional calibration curves. Using the calibrated model, we investigated control strategies of the ground-source heat pump water heater, considering multiple control objectives, covering the entire operation range.

Shen, Bo [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 40, NO. 2, MARCH/APRIL 2004 565 Modeling and Control of a Variable-Speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The advantages of the proposed system are reduced harmonic injection to power grid, wide speed operation range. It can be directly applied to wind power generators, small-scale hydroelectric generators, stand Identifier 10.1109/TIA.2004.824504 Fig. 1. Traditional wind power generation systems. (a) Variable

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

120

Optimal Operation of Variable Speed Pumping System in China’s Eastern Route Project of S?to?N Water Diversion Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dynamic planning model for optimizing operation of variable speed pumping system aiming at minimum power consumption was proposed to achieve economic operation. The No. 4 Jiangdu Pumping Station a source pumping station in China’s Eastern Route of South?to?North Water Diversion Project is taken as a study case. Since the sump water level of Jiangdu Pumping Station is affected by the tide of Yangtze River the daily?average heads of the pumping system varies yearly from 3.8m to 7.8m and the tide level difference in one day up to 1.2m. Comparisons of operation electricity cost between optimized variable speed and fixed speed operations of pumping system were made. When the full load operation mode is adopted whether or not electricity prices in peak?valley periods are considered the benefits of variable speed operation cannot compensate the energy consumption of the VFD. And when the pumping system operates in part load and the peak?valley electricity prices are considered the pumping system should cease operation or lower its rotational speed in peak load hours since the electricity price are much higher and to the contrary the pumping system should raise its rotational speed in valley load hours to pump more water. The computed results show that if the pumping system operates in 80% or 60% loads the energy consumption cost of specified volume of water will save 14.01% and 26.69% averagely by means of optimal variable speed operation and the investment on VFD will be paid back in 2 or 3 years. However if the pumping system operates in 80% or 60% loads and the energy cost is calculated in non peak?valley electricity price the repayment will be lengthened up to 18 years. In China’s S?to?N Water Diversion Project when the market operation and peak?valley electricity prices are taken into effect to supply water and regulate water levels in regulation reservoirs as Hongzehu Lake Luomahu Lake etc. the economic operation of water?diversion pumping stations will be vital and the adoption of VFDs to achieve optimal operation may be a good choice.

Jilin Cheng; Lihua Zhang; Rentian Zhang; Yi Gong; Honggeng Zhu; Dongsheng Deng; Xuesong Feng; Jinxian Qiu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Improving Motor and Drive System Performance - A Sourcebook for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Is it Cost-Effective to Replace Old Eddy-Current Drives? Adjustable Speed Pumping Applications Consider Steam Turbine Drives for Rotating Equipment...

122

A fuzzy logic supervisor for active and reactive power control of a variable speed wind energy conversion system associated to a flywheel storage system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) at variable speed using a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) controlled on the rotor side through converters. A Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) is connected to the studied wind generator at the DC bus in order to evaluate its capacity to participate to the ancillary services. We study the improvement of the active and reactive power quality produced by the wind generator and its effect on the load voltage regulation connected to the wind generator. For that, a fuzzy logic supervisor is established to control the FESS operation and the DC bus voltage in order to smooth the active power fluctuations due to the random wind speed variations. A control law is also described to smooth the reactive power at the connection node to the grid.

Lilia Jerbi; Lotfi Krichen; Abderrazak Ouali

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

AC Ward Leonard drive systems: Revisiting the four-quadrant operation of AC machines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, the problem of controlling the speed of AC machines in four quadrants is revisited from a completely new viewpoint, based on the idea of powering an AC machine with a synchronous generator that generates a variable-voltage–variable-frequency supply. This is a natural, mathematical, but not physical, extension of the conventional Ward Leonard drive systems for DC machines to AC machines. As a result, AC drives can be regarded as generator-motor systems, which facilitate the analysis of AC drives and the introduction of other special functions because a system consisting of a generator and a motor is easier to be handled than the conventional AC drive that consists of an inverter and a motor. Control strategies, with and without a speed sensor, are proposed to implement this idea and the experimental results are presented to demonstrate the feasibility.

Qing-Chang Zhong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Visualization of short-term heart period variability with network tools as a method for quantifying autonomic drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signals from heart transplant recipients can be considered to be a natural source of information for a better understanding of the impact of the autonomic nervous system on the complexity of heart rate variability. Beat-to-beat heart rate variability can be represented as a network of increments between subsequent $RR$-intervals, which makes possible the visualization of short-term heart period fluctuations. A network is constructed of vertices representing increments between subsequent $RR$-intervals, and edges which connect adjacent $RR$-increments. Two modes of visualization of such a network are proposed. The method described is applied to nocturnal Holter signals recorded from healthy young people and from cardiac transplant recipients. Additionally, the analysis is performed on surrogate data: shuffled RR-intervals (to display short-range dependence), and shuffled phases of the Fourier Transform of RR-intervals (to filter out linear dependences). Important nonlinear properties of autonomic nocturnal reg...

Makowiec, Danuta; Kaczkowska, Agnieszka; Graff, Grzegorz; Wejer, Dorota; Wdowczyk, Joanna; Zarczynska-Buchowiecka, Marta; Gruchala, Marcin; Struzik, Zbigniew R

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Very High Fuel Economy, Heavy Duty, Constant Speed, Truck Engine Optimized Via Unique Energy Recovery Turbines and Facilitated High Efficiency Continuously Variable Drivetrain  

SciTech Connect

The project began under a corporative agreement between Mack Trucks, Inc and the Department of Energy starting from September 1, 2005. The major objective of the four year project is to demonstrate a 10% efficiency gain by operating a Volvo 13 Litre heavy-duty diesel engine at a constant or narrow speed and coupled to a continuously variable transmission. The simulation work on the Constant Speed Engine started on October 1st. The initial simulations are aimed to give a basic engine model for the VTEC vehicle simulations. Compressor and turbine maps are based upon existing maps and/or qualified, realistic estimations. The reference engine is a MD 13 US07 475 Hp. Phase I was completed in May 2006 which determined that an increase in fuel efficiency for the engine of 10.5% over the OICA cycle, and 8.2% over a road cycle was possible. The net increase in fuel efficiency would be 5% when coupled to a CVT and operated over simulated highway conditions. In Phase II an economic analysis was performed on the engine with turbocompound (TC) and a Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). The system was analyzed to determine the payback time needed for the added cost of the TC and CVT system. The analysis was performed by considering two different production scenarios of 10,000 and 60,000 units annually. The cost estimate includes the turbocharger, the turbocompound unit, the interstage duct diffuser and installation details, the modifications necessary on the engine and the CVT. Even with the cheapest fuel and the lowest improvement, the pay back time is only slightly more than 12 months. A gear train is necessary between the engine crankshaft and turbocompound unit. This is considered to be relatively straight forward with no design problems.

Bahman Habibzadeh

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

The InterHourly-Variability (IHV) Index of Geomagnetic Activity and its Use in Deriving the Long-term Variation of Solar Wind Speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the derivation of the InterHourly Variability (IHV) index of geomagnetic activity. The IHV-index for a geomagnetic element is mechanically derived from hourly values as the sum of the unsigned differences between adjacent hours over a seven-hour interval centered on local midnight. The index is derived separately for stations in both hemispheres within six longitude sectors using only local night hours. It is intended as a long-term index. Available data allows derivation of the index back well into the 19th century. On a time scale of a 27-day Bartels rotation, IHV averages for stations with corrected geomagnetic latitude less than 55 degrees are strongly correlated with midlatitude range indices. Assuming a constant calibration of the aa-index we find that observed yearly values of aa before the year 1957 are 2.9 nT too small compared to values calculated from IHV using the regression constants based on 1980-2004. We interpret this discrepancy as an indication that the calibration of the aa index is in error before 1957. There is no such problem with the ap index. Rotation averages of IHV are also strongly correlated with solar wind parameters (BV^2). On a time scale of a year combining the IHV-index and the recently-developed Inter-Diurnal Variability (IDV) index (giving B) allows determination of solar wind speed, V, from 1890-present. Over the ~120-year series, the yearly mean solar wind speed varied from a low of 303 km/s in 1902 to a high value of 545 km/s in 2003. The calculated yearly values of the product BV using B and V separately derived from IDV and IHV agree quantitatively with (completely independent) BV derived from the amplitude of the diurnal variation of the H component in the polar caps since 1926 and sporadically beyond.

Leif Svalgaard; Edward W. Cliver

2007-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

127

Control device for vehicle speed  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a control device for vehicle speed comprising: a throttle driving means operatively coupled to a throttle valve of a vehicle; a set switch means for commanding memorization of the vehicle speed; a resume switch means for commanding read of the vehicle speed; a vehicle speed detecting means for generating a signal in accordance with the vehicle speed; a vehicle speed memory; an electronical control means for memorizing in the vehicle speed memory vehicle speed information corresponding to the signal obtained from the vehicle speed detecting means in response to actuation of the set switch means. The control means is also for reading out the content of the vehicle speed memory in response to actuation of the resume switch means to control the throttle driving means in accordance with the read-out content; a power supply means for supplying power to the electronical control means; and a power supply control switch means for controlling supply of power to the electronical control means in response to the state of at least one of the set switch means and the resume switch means and the state of the electronical control means. The improvement described here comprises the electronical control means sets the power supply control switch means into such a state that supply of power to the electronical control means is turned OFF, when vehicle speed information is not memorized in the vehicle speed memory.

Kawata, S.; Hyodo, H.

1987-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

128

Adjustable Speed Drive Power Quality Evaluation Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Detroit Edison provided administrative guidance. 3 #12;From G. Strangas Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824 4 June 1996 #12;Contents 1 Introduction sag disruption is a very common problem. Michigan State University undertook a project, funded

Strangas, Elias G.

129

Adjustable Speed Drive Part-Load Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This is one in a series of tip sheets to help manufacturers optimize their industrial motor and motor-driven systems.

Not Available

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Snubber circuit designed for electric car drive system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a method to develop the speed-controller dc-motor chopper drive system by using mosfet as the switching drive for motor speed control. The switching current during ton state, and toff state of the mosfet can cause power ... Keywords: chopper, electric drive, mosfet, parallel connected, power dissipation, snubber circuit

Sakrawee Raweekul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Gas Mileage Tips - Driving More Efficiently  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving More Efficiently Driving More Efficiently Personalize Fuel Prices Select the fuel type and enter your fuel price to personalize savings estimates. Regular Midgrade Premium Diesel E85 CNG LPG $ 3.33 /gal Save My Prices Use Default Prices Click "Save My Prices" to apply your prices to other pages, or click "Use Default Prices" use national average prices. Drive Sensibly frustrated driver Aggressive driving (speeding, rapid acceleration and braking) wastes gas. It can lower your gas mileage by 33% at highway speeds and by 5% around town. Sensible driving is also safer for you and others, so you may save more than gas money. Fuel Economy Benefit: 5%-33% Equivalent Gasoline Savings: $0.17-$1.10/gallon Observe the Speed Limit (New Information) Graph showing MPG decreases rapidly at speeds above 50 mph

132

Full Hybrid: Low Speed  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

highlighted Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button LOW SPEED For initial acceleration and slow-speed driving, as well as reverse, the electric motor uses electricity from the battery to power the vehicle. If the battery needs to be recharged, the generator starts the engine and converts energy from the engine into electricity, which is stored in the battery. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is moving at a low speed. There are arrows flowing from the battery to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is moving at a low speed. There are arrows flowing from the battery to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels.

133

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 47, NO. 1, JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2011 223 EMI Study of Three-Phase Inverter-Fed Motor Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Three-Phase Inverter-Fed Motor Drives Bertrand Revol, James Roudet, Jean-Luc Schanen, Senior Member setup and can be used during the design of a variable-speed inverter motor association. The objective in an inverter­motor association in order to depict the influence of elements, such as the elec- tromagnetic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

134

Is it Cost-Effective to Replace Old Eddy-Current Drives? | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Is it Cost-Effective to Replace Old Eddy-Current Drives? Is it Cost-Effective to Replace Old Eddy-Current Drives? New pulse-width-modulated (PWM) adjustable speed drives (ASDs) may...

135

Adjustable Speed Pumping Applications: Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) Pumping Systems Tip Sheet #11  

SciTech Connect

This two-page tip sheet provides practical tips on application of Adjustable Speed Drives in industrial settings.

Not Available

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Analysis of field-oriented controlled induction motor drives under sensor faults and an overview of sensorless schemes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To obtain high dynamic performance on induction motor drives (IMD), variable voltage and variable frequency operation has to be performed by measuring speed of rotation and stator currents through sensors and fed back them to the controllers. When the sensors are undergone a fault, the stability of control system, may be designed for an industrial process, is disturbed. This paper studies the negative effects on a 12.5 hp induction motor drives when the field oriented control system is subjected to sensor faults. To illustrate the importance of this study mine hoist load diagram is considered as shaft load of the tested machine. The methods to recover the system from sensor faults are discussed. In addition, the various speed sensorless schemes are reviewed comprehensively.

D Arun Dominic; Thanga Raj Chelliah

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Measured speed versus true speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical predictions, derived from the Lorentz and the Tangherlini transformations, for the one-way speed of any physical entity are confronted with the corresponding expressions for the one-way measured speed obtained from a gedanken experiment. The experiment demonstrates that, for an inertial frame $K'$ in motion relative to an inertial frame $K$ where the one-way speed of light is isotropic, even the special theory of relativity renders the one-way speed of light as function of the velocity of $K'$ in agreement with the Tangherlini transformations. However, the two-way speed of light remains constant for all inertial frames, in agreement with the two-way experimental techniques. This implies that there must exist \\emph{one and only one} inertial frame where the one-way speed of light is isotropic. These investigations also show how we can determine, with certain restrictions, the true speed of a physical entity and of the true speed of $K'$ relative to $K$.

Israel Perez

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

138

Neuro-fuzzy-based space vector modulation for THD reduction in VSI fed induction motor drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Space vector modulation is an optimal pulse width modulation technique for variable speed drive application. This paper proposes adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) based space vector modulation (SVM) technique for voltage source inverter. The proposed ANFIS network is independent of the switching frequency and uses hybrid learning algorithm for training. Due to this learning algorithm, SVM algorithm can be implemented very fast and the desired training error can be obtained with less number of iterations compared to other optimisation techniques like neural, fuzzy and genetic. The performance of ANFIS controlled drive is compared with the conventional SVM-based drive. The simulation results of inverter phase voltages obtained are verified experimentally using a Dspace kit (DS1104). The % THD value of simulation and experimental waveforms of inverter phase voltages for 3 kHz switching frequency is presented.

G. Durgasukumar; Mukesh Kumar Pathak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Active control system for high speed windmills  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pump stroke is matched to the operating speed of a high speed windmill. The windmill drives a hydraulic pump for a control. Changes in speed of a wind driven shaft open supply and exhaust valves to opposite ends of a hydraulic actuator to lengthen and shorten an oscillating arm thereby lengthening and shortening the stroke of an output pump. Diminishing wind to a stall speed causes the valves to operate the hydraulic cylinder to shorten the oscillating arm to zero. A pressure accumulator in the hydraulic system provides the force necessary to supply the hydraulic fluid under pressure to drive the actuator into and out of the zero position in response to the windmill shaft speed approaching and exceeding windmill stall speed. 4 figs.

Avery, D.E.

1988-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

140

HIGHLY VARIABLE EXTINCTION AND ACCRETION IN THE JET-DRIVING CLASS I-TYPE YOUNG STAR PTF 10nvg (V2492 Cyg, IRAS 20496+4354)  

SciTech Connect

We report extensive new photometry and spectroscopy of the highly variable young stellar object PTF 10nvg (also known as IRAS 20496+4354 and V2492 Cyg), including optical and near-infrared time-series data as well as mid-infrared and millimeter data. Following the previously reported 2010 rise to R{sub PTF} {approx}<13.{sup m}5 and subsequent fade, during 2011 and 2012 the source underwent additional episodes of brightening, followed by several magnitude dimming events including prolonged faint states at R{sub PTF} {approx}> 20{sup m}. The observed high-amplitude variations are largely consistent with extinction changes ({Delta}A{sub V} up to 30 mag) having a {approx}220 day quasi-periodic signal. However, photometry measured when the source was near maximum brightness in mid-2010 as well as in late-2012 does not phase well to this period. Spectral evolution includes not only changes in the spectral slope but also correlated variation in the prominence of TiO/VO/CO bands and atomic line emission, as well as anti-correlated variation in forbidden line emission which, along with H{sub 2}, dominates optical and infrared spectra at faint epochs. Notably, night-to-night variations in several forbidden doublet strengths and ratios are observed. High-dispersion spectra were obtained in a variety of photometric states and reveal time-variable line profiles. Neutral and singly ionized atomic species are likely formed in an accretion flow and/or impact while the origin of zero-velocity atomic Li I {lambda}6707 in emission is unknown. Forbidden lines, including several rare species, exhibit blueshifted emission profiles and likely arise from an outflow/jet. Several of these lines are also seen spatially offset from the continuum source position, presumably in a shocked region of an extended jet. Blueshifted absorption components of the Na I D doublet, K I {lambda}{lambda}7665, 7669 doublet, and the O I 7774 triplet, as well as blueshifted absorption components seen against the broad H{alpha} and Ca II triplet emission lines, similarly are formed in the outflow. CARMA maps resolve on larger scales a spatially extended outflow in millimeter-wavelength CO. We attribute the recently observed photometric and spectroscopic behavior to rotating circumstellar disk material located at separation a Almost-Equal-To 0.7(M{sub *}/M{sub Sun }){sup 1/3} AU from the continuum source, causing the semi-periodic dimming. Occultation of the central star as well as the bright inner disk and the accretion/outflow zones renders shocked gas in the inner part of the jet amenable to observation at the faint epochs. We discuss PTF 10nvg as a source exhibiting both accretion-driven (perhaps analogous to V1647 Ori) and extinction-driven (perhaps analogous to UX Ori or GM Cep) high-amplitude variability phenomena.

Hillenbrand, Lynne A.; Carpenter, John M.; Muirhead, Philip S.; Crepp, Justin R. [Astronomy Department, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Miller, Adam A.; Cenko, S. Bradley; Silverman, Jeffrey M.; Bloom, Joshua S.; Filippenko, Alexei V. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Covey, Kevin R. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, 226 Space Sciences Building, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Fischer, William J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, 2801 West Bancroft Street, Toledo, OH 43606 (United States)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Engineering AnteaterDrive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rockw ell & M DEA Engineering Tower AnteaterDrive AnteaterDrive East Peltason Drive EastPeltasonDrive East Peltason Drive Anteater Parking Structure EngineeringServiceRoad Engineering Laboratory Facility Engineering Gateway Engineering Hall AIRB Calit2 Engineering Lecture Hall Campus Building Engineering Building

Mease, Kenneth D.

142

Duct Systems in large commercial buildings: Physical characterization, air leakage, and heat conduction gains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

connected to a variable frequency drive. + Static pressureSpeed as Frequency of Variable-speed Drive (hz) All Ducts ~

Fisk, W.J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Fact Sheet: Improving Energy Efficiency for Server Rooms and Closets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Supply Variable Frequency Drive Variable Speed Drive11. Install variable frequency drives on cooling units Ifneeds. Units with variable frequency drives (VFDs) have the

Cheung, Hoi Ying Iris

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Design and testing of a sensorless switched reluctance motor drive with a custom integrated circuit controller  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presents a breadboard level SRM drive that emirates a custom IC controller implementing closedloop speed control and starting torque.The rotor position sensing information is essential for determining the switching instants to have proper control of speed...

Zhang, Yingxia

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

145

Reading with fixed and variable character pitch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compared the effects of fixed and variable (proportional) spacing on reading speeds and found variable pitch to yield better performance at medium and large character sizes and...

Arditi, Aries; Knoblauch, Kenneth; Grunwald, Ilana

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Association of polyandry and sex-ratio drive prevalence in natural populations of Drosophila neotestacea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...demographic variables, the risk...presence of SR drive [6,26-28...cline in SR frequency, ranging...pseudoobscura, the frequencies of SR in...species with SR drive as well as...demographic variable that differs...demographic variables or aspects...which SR frequencies also range...where SR drive is unsuppressed...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Social drive and the evolution of primate hearing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coevolved. (d) Social drive Another explanation...strength of this social drive model is twofold...increased 60 dB high-frequency limits. Increased...distances amid more variable habitats [81...often have a high-frequency acoustic structure...explore this social drive hypothesis, we...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Oscillation control system for electric motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A feedback system for controlling mechanical oscillations in the torsionally complaint drive train of an electric or other vehicle. Motor speed is converted in a processor to estimate state signals in which a plant model which are used to electronically modify thetorque commands applied to the motor.

Slicker, James M. (Union Lake, MI); Sereshteh, Ahmad (Union Lake, MI)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Electric vehicle drive train with direct coupling transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes an electric motor and an associated speed sensor, a transmission operable in a speed reduction mode or a direct coupled mode, and a controller responsive to the speed sensor for operating the transmission in the speed reduction mode when the motor is below a predetermined value, and for operating the motor in the direct coupled mode when the motor speed is above a predetermined value. The controller reduces the speed of the motor, such as by regeneratively braking the motor, when changing from the speed reduction mode to the direct coupled mode. The motor speed may be increased when changing from the direct coupled mode to the speed reduction mode. The transmission is preferably a single stage planetary gearbox.

Tankersley, Jerome B. (Fredericksburg, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA); Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Fault diagnosis and management system for switched reluctance motor drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An effective detection and diagnosis of faults is desirable for online condition monitoring, assessment, product quality assurance and improved operational efficiency of Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) drives. The proposed fault diagnosis and management system uses the measured phase voltages, currents and speed of the motor. In this article, a Matlab/Simulink model-based fault diagnosis system is developed and simulated for SRM drive. The simulation results show that the SRM drive is capable of operating under faulty conditions.

S. Vijayan; S. Paramasivam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The Matrix Converter Drive Performance Under Abnormal Input Voltage Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that generates variable magnitude variable frequency output voltage from the ac utility line. It has high power voltage disturbance related performance issues of the MC drive. Since the MC is a direct frequencyThe Matrix Converter Drive Performance Under Abnormal Input Voltage Conditions Jun-Koo Kang

Hava, Ahmet

152

Cultural selection drives the evolution of human communication systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cultural selection drives the evolution of...mechanisms that drive this evolution are...population, the frequencies of different variants...control and manipulate variables of interest, experiments...examined. type variable no. levels levels...Histograms showing the frequency of different levels...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Holiday Food Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Food Drive Food Drive Holiday Food Drive During the recent holiday food drive, employees donated enough food to provide about 23,604 holiday meals for Northern New Mexico families. More than 432 frozen turkeys were donated this year by employees and other donors during 'Bring a Turkey to Work Day,' an annual Lab event that takes places Thanksgiving week. September 16, 2013 LANL employees organize food for the Holiday Food Drive. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping feed Northern New Mexico families Community partners The Food Depot (Santa Fe) Del Norte Credit Union Smith's Food and Drug Giving Holiday Food Drive Holiday Gift Drive LANL Laces Los Alamos Employees' Scholarship Fund

154

A high-speed hysteresis motor spindle for machining applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of suitable drive technologies for use in a new high-speed machining spindle was performed to determine critical research areas. The focus is on a hysteresis motor topology using a solid, inherently-balanced ...

Bayless, Jacob D. (Jacob Daniel)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

VARIABLE SPEED INTEGRATED INTELLIGENT HVAC BLOWER  

SciTech Connect

This comprehensive topical report discusses the key findings in the development of an advanced blower for HVAC applications. The benefits of rearward inclined blades over that of traditional forward inclined blades is well documented, and several prototype wheels are demonstrated in various housings. A comparison of retrofitted blowers to that of three typical units from the industry is presented. The design and modification of the blower housing is addressed and the impact of size limitations on static efficiency is discussed. The roadmap to rearward-inclined wheel technology insertion is presented and typical static efficiency gains are documented.

Herman Wiegman; Charlie Stephens; Xiaoyue Liu; Ralph Carl; Sunny Zhuang; Paul Szczesny; Kamron Wright

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

156

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND REDUCING COSTS IN THE DRINKING WATER SUPPLY INDUSTRY: An ENERGY STAR Resource Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEC. 2005a. Variable-Frequency Drive. Fact sheet availabledollars. VFD = variable frequency drive. Sources: * AllianceSpeed Drives and Variable Frequency Drives Site/Company

Brown, Moya Melody, Camilla Dunham Whitehead, Rich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

US DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy Sustainability Partnership Plan US DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy...

158

Installation considerations for IGBT AC drives  

SciTech Connect

In the last four years, Adjustable Speed ac Drive (ASD) manufacturers have migrated from Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) semiconductors to Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs) as the preferred Output switching device. The advantage of IGBTs over BJTs is that device rise and fall time switching capability is 5 - 10 times faster, resulting in lower device switching loss and a more efficient drive. However, for a similar motor cable length as the BJT drive, the faster output voltage risetime of the IGBT drive may increase the dielectric voltage stress on the motor and cable due to a phenomenon called reflected wave. Faster output dv/dt transitions of IGBT drives also increase the possibility for phenomenon such as increased Common Mode (CM) electrical noise, Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) problems and increased capacitive cable charging current problems. Also, recent experience suggests any Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) drive with a steep fronted output voltage wave form may increase motor shaft voltage and lead to a bearing current phenomenon known as fluting. This paper provides a basic understanding of these issues, as well as solutions, to insure a successful drive system installation.

Skibinski, G.L.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Aggregation method for motor drive systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When many variable frequency drives are connected to a common switchboard, their aggregated effect on system dynamics can be significant. In this paper, the aggregation method for variable frequency drives and their motors in industrial facilities is proposed, which is suitable for power systems dynamic studies. The proposed method can be applied to various types of motor drive systems. There are two steps involved for the proposed aggregation method: (1) aggregate motor drive systems connected to the same bus, and (2) further combine the aggregated model of motor drive systems from Step 1 with upstream series impedance and/or transformers. Due to involvement of high-order transfer functions in dynamic models of individual motor drive systems, Pade approximation is used as a useful tool in the aggregation process. Using the proposed aggregation method, an equivalent aggregated dynamic model of motor drive systems can be obtained at the substation bus. A case study is conducted in the paper, and the proposed aggregation method is verified to be effective by the case study.

Xiaodong Liang; Wilsun Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Drive actuation in active control of centrifugal compressors Jan Tommy Gravdahl and Olav Egeland  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drive actuation in active control of centrifugal compressors Jan Tommy Gravdahl and Olav Egeland-1375 Billingstad NORWAY CompressorShaft Electric drive Active surge control law Shaft speed Compressor performance control Figure 1: Active surge control using drive 1 Introduction Traditionally, centrifugal

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains Wilhelm Peters, Tobias Huber, Joachim Böcker Power Electronics and Electrical Drives, Paderborn automotive traction drives are a wide speed range, a wide constant-power operation range and high efficiency

Paderborn, Universität

162

Estimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

horizontal axis wind power plant with rated power 750 KW. The plant has a three bladed rotor and an automatic is shown in Figure 1 demand Drive train Generator Rotor Wind speed Power demand Grid Power Controller PitchEstimation of Wind Speed in Connection to a Wind Turbine X. Ma #3; , N. K. Poulsen #3; , H. Bindner

163

Dual, High Speed ECL Comparators ADCMP563/ADCMP564  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

time bandwidth Typical output rise/fall time of 500 ps ESD protection > 4kV HBM, >200V MM Programmable drive transmission lines terminated in 50 to -2 V. A latch input, which is included, permits tracking ends Window comparators High speed line receivers Threshold detection Peak detection High speed

Berns, Hans-Gerd

164

Design Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind is characterized by various different parameters. They include the following items: (1) wind speed, such as the mean wind speed and maximum instantaneous wind speed; (2) wind direction such as the azimuth di...

Yozo Fujino; Kichiro Kimura; Hiroshi Tanaka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Preferred habitat and effective population size drive landscape genetic patterns in an endangered species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...environmental and demographic variables that drive ungulate population...signal from landscape variables. Woodland caribou offer...excluding alleles with frequency less than 0.02 (as...considered four landscape variables to be potentially biologically...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Compatibility Between GFCI Breakers and Household Adjustable Speed Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- available ASD. To enhance compatibility, the input filter needs to be changed to reduce capacitance to earth-conditioning (HVAC) applications, where they are used for the same reasons as in industrial HVAC systems [1 filtering on the input lines. Generally, EMI requirements for residential installations [2, 3] are more

Kimball, Jonathan W.

167

Adjustable Speed Drives as Applied to Centrifugal Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Centrifugal pumps are generally sized to operate at or near the best efficiency point at maximum flow. The maximum flow requirements, however, frequently occur for a very short period during the operating cycle with the result that some method...

Jarc, D. A.; Robechek, J. D.; Connors, D. P.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

A Study of Adjustable Speed Drive Applications for Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Chart C or E) 2200 /600/tOOO /600 /600 2800Total Retrofit Cost, $ 7800 3400 5Z00 5~OO Retrofit Payback (years) /.64.5 /.9 4.$ 3.2 4$00Valve Cost (Chart D) 4500 45004$00 4500 (,0 (,0lIDO <0<'0Total New Cost, $ 0.6 <. 0./ <0./ <. 0./ <'0./ New...

Triezenberg, D. M.; Lakhavani, S. T.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Holiday Gift Drive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Holiday Gift Drive Holiday Gift Drive Holiday Gift Drive Every year, Laboratory employees help fulfill the holiday wishes of children and seniors in our communities. In 2012, our employees helped more than 1,030 Northern New Mexico children, senior citizens and families have a brighter holiday season. September 16, 2013 Every holiday season, employees of Los Alamos National Laboratory donate and distribute gifts to families in need throughout Northern New Mexico. Contacts Giving Drives Ed Vigil Community Programs Office (505) 665-9205 Email Giving Drives Enrique Trujillo Community Programs Office (505) 665-6384 Email Helping New Mexico families feel the holiday spirit The 2013 campaign runs from November 21-December 18. 2012 Holiday Gift Drive partners Boys and Girls Club Del Norte (Abiquiu Site)

170

Performance Variability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Variability Variability of Highly Parallel Architectures William T.C. Kramer 1 and Clint Ryan 2 1 Department of Computing Sciences, University of California at Berkeley and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 2 Department of Computing Sciences, University of California at Berkeley Abstract. The design and evaluation of high performance computers has concentrated on increasing computational speed for applications. This performance is often measured on a well configured dedicated sys- tem to show the best case. In the real environment, resources are not always dedicated to a single task, and systems run tasks that may influ- ence each other, so run times vary, sometimes to an unreasonably large extent. This paper explores the amount of variation seen across four large distributed memory systems in a systematic manner. It then

171

Measured Savings of DC to AC Drive Retrofit in Plastic Extrusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the potential electrical energy efficiency improvements for utilizing alternating current (AC) motors controlled by variable frequency drives (VFD) in place of direct current (DC) motors to drive plastic extrusion machines. A...

Sfeir, R. A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Speed control of switched reluctance motor using sliding mode control strategy  

SciTech Connect

A robust speed drive system for a switched reluctance motor (SRM) using sliding mode control strategy (SLMC) is presented. After reviewing the operation of an SRM drive, a SLMC based scheme is formulated to control the drive speed. The scheme is implemented using a micro-controller and a high resolution position sensor. The parameter insensitive characteristics are demonstrated through computer simulations and experimental verification.

John, G. [Kenetech Windpower, Livermore, CA (United States); Eastham, A.R. [Queen`s Univ., Kingston, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

173

Calibration of the Merrill-G.A.L.C.I.T. wind-tunnel, and a suggestion for a variable cross-section on a small high-speed wind-tunnel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Speed, power and flow inclination calibration tests run in the Merrill-GALCIT wind-tunnel are described and results presented. A description of the new balance-system is included.… (more)

Schwarzenbach, Jean Christophe

1942-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

BRAF Inactivation Drives Aneuploidy by Deregulating CRAF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...o mice were born alive at a frequency of 13% and these adult mice...S4). Significantly, the frequency of diploid metaphases decreased...kinetics of tetraploidization was variable (Fig. 4C). Aneuploidization...Craf activation, and this drives aneuploidy in the spleen and...

Tamihiro Kamata; Jahan Hussain; Susan Giblett; Robert Hayward; Richard Marais; and Catrin Pritchard

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Piezoelectric drive circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor drive circuit is provided which utilizes the piezoelectric elements as oscillators and a Meacham half-bridge approach to develop feedback from the motor ground circuit to produce a signal to drive amplifiers to power the motor. The circuit automatically compensates for shifts in harmonic frequency of the piezoelectric elements due to pressure and temperature changes. 7 figs.

Treu, C.A. Jr.

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

176

Piezoelectric drive circuit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor drive circuit is provided which utilizes the piezoelectric elements as oscillators and a Meacham half-bridge approach to develop feedback from the motor ground circuit to produce a signal to drive amplifiers to power the motor. The circuit automatically compensates for shifts in harmonic frequency of the piezoelectric elements due to pressure and temperature changes.

Treu, Jr., Charles A. (Raymore, MO)

1999-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

177

Memory Hard Drive Peripherals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1! CSI3131 Topics CPU Memory Hard Drive Peripherals Computing Systems OS Overview StructureDeadlocks M em ory M anagem ent Basic Memory Managermtn Virtual Memory Storage and I/O File Systems Hard Drive Management Swap I/O Management 2 Module 7: Memory Management Reading: Chapter 8 § To provide a detailed

Stojmenovic, Ivan

178

Periodic temperature-associated drought/flood drives locust plagues in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a multiple-variable-linked hypothesis...between every two variables. Using the same...other at both frequency and time spaces...components that drive locust dynamics...drought/flood drives locust plagues...effects of low-frequency climate variations...the different variables at different...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Traction Drive Systems Breakout  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Traction Drive Systems Breakout Traction Drive Systems Breakout John M. Miller, PhD, PE, F.IEEE, F.SAE Oak Ridge National Laboratory Facilitator July 24, 2012 EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Vehicle Technologies Program - Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors eere.energy.gov EV Everywhere Traction Drive System * DOE goals for Electric Traction Drive System (TDS) innovations must be disruptive innovation focused to meet the CY2022 price target ($20,000 $25,000) for a mid-sized 5 passenger sedan having 5 year simple payback. Enhanced Efficiency Reduced Cost Traction Drive System EETT Roadmap: "Therefore, research is needed to develop technologies that are less expensive and, at the same time, smaller, lighter, more efficient, and equally reliable as conventional automotive technologies. "

180

Constant Speed for Processing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synduction motor combines constant speed of synchronous motor with ruggedness of induction motor ... CONVENTIONAL SYNCHRONOUS ELECTRIC MOTORS operate at constant speed, regardless of load and voltage—frequency is the determining factor. ...

1956-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Base drive circuit for a four-terminal power Darlington  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high power switching circuit which utilizes a four-terminal Darlington transistor block to improve switching speed, particularly in rapid turn-off. Two independent reverse drive currents are utilized during turn off in order to expel the minority carriers of the Darlington pair at their own charge sweep-out rate. The reverse drive current may be provided by a current transformer, the secondary of which is tapped to the base terminal of the power stage of the Darlington block. In one application, the switching circuit is used in each power switching element in a chopper-inverter drive of an electric vehicle propulsion system.

Lee, Fred C. (Blacksburg, VA); Carter, Roy A. (Salem, VA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Automobile Driving and Aggressive Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The accident prone automobile driver. American Journal ofAutomobile Driving And Aggressive Behavior Raymond W. Novacofor its content or use. Automobile Driving and Aggressive

Novaco, Raymond W.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Traction Drive Systems Breakout Group  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

overlook profit motive in value chain * 4 - Today's HEV systems drive EV traction drive systems because of manufacturing base Barriers Interfering with Reaching the Targets * 1 -...

184

Viability of dynamic cooling control in a data center environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with non-standard variable frequency drives. At this settingfans speeds, a variable frequency drive (VFD) is used tocontrolled via ABB variable frequency drives (Model ACH400).

Boucher, T.; Auslander, D.; Bash, C.; Federspiel, C.; Patel, C.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Motor Drives of Modern Drilling and Servicing Rigs for Oil and Gas Wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides a synthetic view on the most recent achievements in the field of drilling and servicing rig drives for oil and gas wells. This field is featuring ... kilowatts and speeds of 150–250 rpm for drilling

Aurelian Iamandei; Gheorghe Miloiu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

DOE and Industry Partners Drive the Design of an Innovative Drivetrain...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

gearbox connects to a medium-speed generator that uses a fraction of the rare-earth magnets typically used in direct-drive permanent-magnet generators of similar power....

187

Effectiveness of speed trailers on low-speed urban roadways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

documents the effectiveness of speed trailers for reducing speeds on low-speed urban roadways. At each test site, vehicle speeds were collected at upstream, trailer, and downstream locations using piezoelectric sensors. Vehicles were "tracked" along...

Perrillo, Kerry Victoria

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

188

A Self-Adjusting Sinusoidal Power Source Suitable for Driving Capacitive Loads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-CFPPRI can drive a capacitive load at any frequency within the design range. It will maintain zero voltage Inverter; Variable inductor; Phase comparator; Sinusoidal Power Source. I. INTRODUCTION The favorable drive to the secondary (C1(n2/2n1)2 + C2 + CL). When the gate drive frequency of the CFPPRI, fs, matches the resonant

189

miR-155 Drives Telomere Fragility in Human Breast Cancer by Targeting TRF1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...significantly increased frequency of telomere sister...telomere function drives central features...for each clinical variable and TRF1 expression...Figure 4. miR-155 drives alterations in telomere...Figure 5. miR-155 drives alterations in telomere...images 1 and 2. B, frequency of telomere fragility...

Roberto Dinami; Cristiana Ercolani; Eleonora Petti; Silvano Piazza; Yari Ciani; Rosanna Sestito; Andrea Sacconi; Francesca Biagioni; Carlos le Sage; Reuven Agami; Roberta Benetti; Marcella Mottolese; Claudio Schneider; Giovanni Blandino; and Stefan Schoeftner

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Electric-Drive Vehicle engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric-Drive Vehicle engineering COLLEGE of ENGINEERING Electric-drive engineers for 80 years t Home to nation's first electric-drive vehicle engineering program and alternative-credit EDGE Engineering Entrepreneur Certificate Program is a great addition to an electric-drive vehicle

Berdichevsky, Victor

191

Performance and emission enhancements of a variable geometry turbocharger on a heavy-duty diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Variable Geometry Turbochargers (VGTs) have emerged in the heavy-duty diesel market with the simultaneous introduction of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) in meeting emission standards. From a military perspective, VGTs offer considerable promise of improving low speed torque and overall fuel economy. Despite these gains, nitric oxides (NOx) emissions generally increase with increased boost. During times when the military can reduce its environmental impact, VGTs can drive EGR and counter the increase in NOx emissions with relatively minor penalty in particulate matter (PM) emissions. This study highlights the performance and emission enhancements enabled by a VGT on a heavy-duty diesel engine.

Timothy J. Jacobs; Chad Jagmin; Wesley J. Williamson; Zoran S. Filipi; Dennis N. Assanis; Walter Bryzik

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Drive5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive5 Drive5 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Drive5 Agency/Company /Organization: Drive5 Sector: Energy Focus Area: Vehicles Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website, Mobile Device Website: www.drive5.us Web Application Link: www.drive5.us Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Challenge Generated Drive5 Screenshot References: Drive5[1] Challenge.gov[2] Challenge.gov Submission Page[3] Measure your fuel economy real time with five metrics to save on fuel costs. Overview Drive1: Fuel Economy Drive5 gives you real time fuel economy feedback for any car 1984 and newer by simply utilizing the sensors embedded in your phone or tablet. It uses a statistical algorithm which leverages the fueleconomy.gov's open dataset along with data from thousands of automobile trips. No connections to the

193

Intelligent Control of the Linear Motor Direct Drive Feed System for CNC Machine Tools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The linear feed system directly driven by a linear motor is more and more widely used in high speed CNC machine tools. In this linear “direct drive” feed system, all mechanical transmission elements are eliminated. The linear motor’s ... Keywords: intelligent control, linear motor, direct drive, linear feed system, machine tool

Shuhong Xiao; Guangyuan Zheng; Shuquan Chen

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Real-time implementation of a neural networks-based motor speed filter using a digital signal processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

numerous speed estimation methods have been reported in the literature for the control of an induction motor drive, it is the accuracy of the speed estimate and the response time of the filter that are the important parameters describing the speed filter...

Harihara, Parasuram Padmanabhan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

195

MHK Technologies/Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Anaconda bulge tube drives turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Checkmate SeaEnergy Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description Anaconda uses a large water filled distensible rubber tube floating just beneath the ocean surface and oriented parallel to wave direction As a wave passes the bulge tube is lifted with the surrounding water and this causes a bulge wave to be excited which then passes down the tubes walls gathering energy from the ocean wave as it passes By matching the speed of the bulge wave to that of the sea wave resonance is achieved and high power capture becomes possible The bulge waves are then used to drive a turbine generator located at the stern of the device

196

Factors influencing self-drive vacation travellers' length of stay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current research investigated the self-drive vacation travel market, examining determinants for demand for accommodations and the effects of external economic changes (e.g., fuel price fluctuation) on tourism. The study analysed data from two government data sources, a special survey module in the National Household Travel Survey which examined long distance trips, and the gas price index from the US Energy Information Administration. The present study compared two mainstream segments of the self-drive vacation market, which are self-drive vacation staying at commercial lodging facilities (SDV-lodging) and self-drive vacation staying at a friend or relative's accommodations (SDV-FR). Using the 2SLS model, the effects of the socio-demographic variables and travel-related variables were tested statistically. Statistical results showed that an endogeneity issue occurred in the SDV-lodging segment, revealing that 2SLS is better than the OLS estimation.

Sangchoul Yi; Jonathon Day; Liping A. Cai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

LM119/LM219/LM319 High Speed Dual Comparator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LM119/LM219/LM319 High Speed Dual Comparator General Description The LM119 series are precision higher gain and lower input currents than devices like the LM710. The uncommitted collector of the output stage makes the LM119 compatible with RTL, DTL and TTL as well as capable of driving lamps and relays

Lanterman, Aaron

198

Elastic pathing: your speed is enough to track you  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Today, people have the opportunity to opt-in to usage-based automotive insurances for reduced premiums by allowing companies to monitor their driving behavior. Several companies claim to measure only speed data to preserve privacy. With our elastic pathing ... Keywords: destination prediction, elastic pathing, location privacy, usage-based automotive insurance

Xianyi Gao, Bernhard Firner, Shridatt Sugrim, Victor Kaiser-Pendergrast, Yulong Yang, Janne Lindqvist

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Drive alignment pays maintenance dividends  

SciTech Connect

Proper alignment of the motor and gear drive on conveying and processing equipment will result in longer bearing and coupling life, along with lower maintenance costs. Selecting an alignment free drive package instead of a traditional foot mounted drive and motor is a major advancement toward these goals. 4 photos.

Fedder, R. [Rexnord Industries, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

A novel clutchless multiple-speed transmission for electric axles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fully electric vehicles and range-extended electric vehicles can be characterised by a multitude of possible powertrain layouts, many of them currently under investigation and comparison. This contribution presents a novel clutchless seamless four-speed transmission system which can be concurrently driven by two electric motor drives, for use in fully electric vehicles or electric axles for through-the-road parallel hybrid electric vehicles. The transmission system allows the electric motors to work in their high efficiency region for a longer period during a typical driving schedule. This paper describes the layout of the novel transmission system, the equations for modelling its dynamics and the criteria for the selection of the best gearshift maps for energy efficiency. Finally, an energy consumption and performance comparison between the novel drivetrain, a conventional single-speed electric drivetrain and a double-speed electric drivetrain is discussed in detail for two case study vehicles.

Aldo Sorniotti; Thomas Holdstock; Mike Everitt; Marco Fracchia; Fabio Viotto; Carlo Cavallino; Stefano Bertolotto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Electric vehicle drive train with rollback detection and compensation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric vehicle drive train includes a controller for detecting and compensating for vehicle rollback, as when the vehicle is started upward on an incline. The vehicle includes an electric motor rotatable in opposite directions corresponding to opposite directions of vehicle movement. A gear selector permits the driver to select an intended or desired direction of vehicle movement. If a speed and rotational sensor associated with the motor indicates vehicle movement opposite to the intended direction of vehicle movement, the motor is driven to a torque output magnitude as a nonconstant function of the rollback speed to counteract the vehicle rollback. The torque function may be either a linear function of speed or a function of the speed squared.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Heel and toe driving on fuel cell vehicle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for providing nearly instantaneous power in a fuel cell vehicle. The method includes monitoring the brake pedal angle and the accelerator pedal angle of the vehicle, and if the vehicle driver is pressing both the brake pedal and the accelerator pedal at the same time and the vehicle is in a drive gear, activating a heel and toe mode. When the heel and toe mode is activated, the speed of a cathode compressor is increased to a predetermined speed set-point, which is higher than the normal compressor speed for the pedal position. Thus, when the vehicle brake is removed, the compressor speed is high enough to provide enough air to the cathode, so that the stack can generate nearly immediate power.

Choi, Tayoung; Chen, Dongmei

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

203

Electric Drive Transportation Association Conference | Department...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Association Conference Electric Drive Transportation Association Conference Addthis Test Drive 1 of 5 Test Drive Deputy Assistant Secretary for Transportation Reuben Sarkar...

204

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--I: FUNDAMENTAL THEORY AND APPLICATIONS, VOL. 49, NO. 5, MAY 2002 621 Modeling of PWM Inverter-Supplied AC Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The fundamental frequency of this waveform is adjusted to produce the desired speed. In modern electric drives, MAY 2002 621 Modeling of PWM Inverter-Supplied AC Drives at Low Switching Frequencies T. A. Sakharuk in ac drives supplied by pulsewidth modulated (PWM) power electronic inverters. Specifically, the paper

Stankoviæ, Aleksandar

205

Effects on speed and safety of point-to-point speed enforcement systems: Evaluation on the urban motorway A56 Tangenziale di Napoli  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we evaluated the effects on speed and safety of the point-to-point (P2P) speed enforcement system activated on the urban motorway A56 in Italy. The P2P speed enforcement is a relatively new approach to traffic law enforcement that involves the calculation of the average speed over a section. To evaluate the speed effects, we performed a before–after analysis of speed data investigating also effects on non-compliance to speed limits. To evaluate the safety effects, we carried out an empirical Bayes observational before-and-after study. The P2P system led to very positive effects on both speed and safety. As far as the effects on the section average travel speeds, the system yielded to a reduction in the mean speed, the 85th percentile speed, the standard deviation of speed, and the proportion of drivers exceeding the speed limits, exceeding the speed limits more than 10 km/h, and exceeding the speed limits more than 20 km/h. The best results were the decrease of the speed variability and the reduction of the excessive speeding behaviour. The decrease in the standard deviation of speed was 26% while the proportion of light and heavy vehicles exceeding the speed limits more than 20 km/h was reduced respectively by 84 and 77%. As far as the safety effects, the P2P system yielded to a 32% reduction in the total crashes, with a lower 95% confidence limit of the estimate equal to 22%. The greatest crash reductions were in rainy weather (57%), on wet pavement (51%), on curves (49%), for single vehicle crashes (44%), and for injury crashes (37%). It is noteworthy that the system produced a statistically significant reduction of 21% in total crashes also in the part of the motorway where it was not activated, thus generating a significant spillover effect. The investigation of the effects of the P2P system on speed and safety over time allowed to develop crash modification functions where the relationship between crash modification factors and speed parameters (mean speed, 85th percentile speed, and standard deviation of speed) was expressed by a power function. Crash modification functions show that the effect of speed on safety is greater on curves and for injury crashes. Even though the study results show excellent outcomes, we must point out that the crash reduction effects decreased over time and speed, speed variability, and non-compliance to speed limits significantly increased over time. To maintain its effectiveness over time, P2P speed enforcement must be actively managed, i.e. constantly monitored and supported by appropriate sanctions.

Alfonso Montella; Lella Liana Imbriani; Vittorio Marzano; Filomena Mauriello

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

High-Speed Optical Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The large surveys and sensitive instruments of modern astronomy are turning ever more examples of variable objects, many of which are extending the parameter space to testing theories of stellar evolution and accretion. Future projects such as the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will only add more challenging candidates to this list. Understanding such objects often requires fast spectroscopy, but the trend for ever larger detectors makes this difficult. In this contribution I outline the science made possible by high-speed spectroscopy, and consider how a combination of the well-known progress in computer technology combined with recent advances in CCD detectors may finally enable it to become a standard tool of astrophysics.

T. R. Marsh

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

207

Replace V-Belts with Notched or Synchronous Belt Drives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Belt drives provide flexibility in the positioning of the motor relative to the load. Pulleys (sheaves) of varying diameters allow the speed of the driven equipment to be increased or decreased relative to the motor speed. A properly designed belt power-transmission system offers high efficiency and low noise, requires no lubrication, and presents low maintenance requirements. However, certain types of belts are more efficient than others, offering potential energy cost savings. This tip sheet provides example energy savings calculations and offers suggested actions.

208

Unsteady effects in dense, high speed, particle laden flows J.D. Regele a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t Dense high speed non-compacted multiphase flows exist in variable phase turbines, explosions, and ejec multiphase flows can be found in a variety of practical applications such as variable phase turbines

Dabiri, John O.

209

Combination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grinding with Regard to Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grindinghow the combination of speed stroke grinding and high speed4] Inasaki, I. , 1988, Speed Stroke Grinding of Advanced

Linke, Barbara; M. Duscha; F. Klocke; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Electric Drive Vehicle Demonstration and Vehicle Infrastructure...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Drive Vehicle Demonstration and Vehicle Infrastructure Evaluation Electric Drive Vehicle Demonstration and Vehicle Infrastructure Evaluation 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies...

211

Next Generation Environmentally Friendly Driving Feedback Systems...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Next Generation Environmentally Friendly Driving Feedback Systems Research and Development Next Generation Environmentally Friendly Driving Feedback Systems Research and...

212

Epigenetic States of Cells of Origin and Tumor Evolution Drive Tumor-Initiating Cell Phenotype and Tumor Heterogeneity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Origin and Tumor Evolution Drive Tumor-Initiating Cell...development, the SHH pathway drives rapid proliferation of...culture medium (18). Variable sphere formation abilities...1/3.0). TIC frequency was calculated using...show that pathways that drive TIC proliferation in...

Kin-Hoe Chow; Dong-Mi Shin; Molly H. Jenkins; Emily E. Miller; David J. Shih; Seungbum Choi; Benjamin E. Low; Vivek Philip; Brad Rybinski; Roderick T. Bronson; Michael D. Taylor; and Kyuson Yun

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The high-speed operation of single phase switched reluctance motor considering magnetic saturation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the high-speed operation of SRM the conventional pulse width modulation (PWM) drive method is not available because of the limitation of switching speed; therefore the single-pulse drive method is commonly employed. On the contrary the use of the single-pulse drive method cannot avoid the overcurrent in the low-speed operation because of the insufficient back emf and the difficulty of duty control. With these reasons the switching method is commonly changed from PWM at the low-speed operation to the single-pulse method at the high-speed operation. In the fan application the required load torque increases as a square of the fan speed; it requires more current for the torque generation. Therefore at the mode transition between PWM and single-pulse drive it is unavoidable that the phase current rapidly increases if the nonlinearity of inductance to the current is not considered. In this paper by using finite element method(FEM) which is considered with the nonlinearity of the inductance with respect to the current the speed of mode transition is calculated (18?000 rpm) and verified by the experiment.

JoonSeon Ahn; Sung Hong Won

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Current Speed in a Magnetic Annular Shock Tube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A parametric study of the speeds of the current sheet and center?of?gravity of current in a magnetic annular shock tube has been carried out. The parameters varied include: (1) the drive current (2) the polarity of the inner electrode (3) the gas pressure (4) the nature of the gas (5) the radius of the inner electrode and (6) the material of the inner electrode. The most interesting result of the investigation was the observation of limiting speeds for the current sheet and center?of?gravity of current of approximately 8 cm/?sec and 3 cm/?sec respectively. These speeds were not exceeded even under conditions where the magnetic pressure exceeded the dynamic pressure by a factor of 10. The most probable explanation of the limiting speed is that it is due to the inertial drag of material ablated from the insulator at the driver end of the shock tube.

James Keck

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Wind speed estimation using multilayer perceptron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind speed knowledge is prerequisite in the siting of wind turbines. In consequence the wind energy use requires meticulous and specified knowledge of the wind characteristics at a location. This paper presents a method for determining the annual average wind speed at a complex terrain site by using neural networks, when only short term data are available for that site. This information is useful for preliminary calculations of the wind resource at a remote area having only a short time period of wind measurements measurement in a site. Artificial neural networks are useful for implementing non-linear process variables over time, and therefore are a useful tool for estimating the wind speed. The neural network used is multilayer perceptron with three layers and the supervised learning algorithm used is backpropagation. The inputs used in the neural network were wind speed and direction data from a single station, and the training patterns used correspond to sixty days data. The results obtained by simulating the annual average wind speed at the selected site based on data from nearby stations with correlation coefficients above 0.5 were satisfactory, compared with actual values. Reliable estimations were obtained, with errors below 6%.

Ramón Velo; Paz López; Francisco Maseda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Rotating mousehole improves top drive/conventional drilling  

SciTech Connect

Top drive speed and efficiency are limited and have not reached full potential because of operation ``bottlenecks`` during makeup or breakout of triple pipe stands and bottomhole assembly (BHA) change out. Operators and contractors analyzed tools to overcome these limitations and found a potential solution from International Tool Co., a supplier of kelly spinners, in a tool that has improved make/break efficiency and rig floor safety. The Phantom Mouse rotating mousehole assembly was developed to improve drilling efficiency on top-drive-equipped rigs. This new device tightens connections so pipe stands can be set back in derricks. Using the system, crews can quickly and efficiently make up and set back DP stands while drilling ahead with top drives. It can also be used to break out and lay down excess DP from the derrick.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Direct Drive Systems DDS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Systems DDS Systems DDS Jump to: navigation, search Name Direct Drive Systems (DDS) Place Cerritos, California Zip CA 90703 Product Manufactures high speed, permanent magnet (PM), high-power motors, generators and power electronics. Coordinates 33.868545°, -118.063704° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.868545,"lon":-118.063704,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

218

Analysis of electro-optic crystal-based Fabry-Perot etalons for high-speed spatial light modulators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of electro-optic (EO) crystal-based Fabry-Perot modulators (FPMs) as high-speed spatial light modulators is proposed. The FPMs operate with an extremely low drive voltage and a...

Takizawa, Kuniharu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Assistive listening devices drive neuroplasticity in children with dyslexia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assistive listening devices drive neuroplasticity in children with dyslexia Jane Hornickela peers. Assistive listening devices (classroom FM systems) may re- duce auditory processing variability not use the FM system did not show these effects. Assistive listening devices can improve the neural

220

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 17, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 2002 721 The Matrix Converter Drive Performance Under  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

frequency conver- sion device that generates variable magnitude variable fre- quency output voltage from related performance issues of the MC drive. Since the MC is a direct frequency conversion device, the dis Drive Performance Under Abnormal Input Voltage Conditions Jun-Koo Kang, Member, IEEE, Hidenori Hara

Hava, Ahmet

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Chapter 18: Variable Frequency Drive Evaluation Protocol. The...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

by Pat Corkery, NREL 16560, photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 17613, photo by Dean Armstrong, NREL 17436, photo by Pat Corkery, NREL 17721. NREL prints on paper that contains...

222

Conserving Energy in Blast Freezers Using Variable Frequency Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Freezing Time vs Velocity 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0 500 1000 1500 Air Velocity (fpm) Freezing Time (hr) Freezing Time vs Carton Thickness 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Carton Thickness (in.) Freezing Time (hr...: - Low-stage: 14? Hg vacuum (-50°F); - Intermediate stage controlled to 14 psig ( -2.5°F) and fluctuating some with load (increasing with higher load); - High-stage operates between 157 and 167 psig (87° and 91°F). An automatic monitoring...

Kolbe, E.; Ling, Q.; Wheeler, G.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Overmodulation in Current Controlled Drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

220 Chapter 5 Overmodulation in Current Controlled Drives 5.1 Introduction The performance of voltage feedforward controlled constant V f PWM-VSI drives is insu cient for most industrial processes performance control methods. Electric traction, el- evators, textile machines, paper and plastic machines

Hava, Ahmet

224

Bin1 Ablation in Mammary Gland Delays Tissue Remodeling and Drives Cancer Progression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Bin1 attenuation drives progression of ras-dependent...with the same low frequency (Table 1 Table 1. Bin1 loss drives progression of DMBA-induced...Bloom-Richardson system (three variables): T (tubule formation...adenocarcinomas develop at a frequency approaching 100 with...

Mee Young Chang; Janette Boulden; Erika Sutanto-Ward; James B. Duhadaway; Alejandro Peralta Soler; Alexander J. Muller; and George C. Prendergast

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Intraspecific competition drives increased resource use diversity within a natural population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...that competition drives ecological diversification...correlations, so that the frequency-dependent interactions...theory|negative frequency dependence| 1...populations are typically variable for a wide variety...arising from negative frequency-dependent processes...Skulason 1996) or even drive speciation (Rosenzweig...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Forecasting Solar Wind Speeds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By explicitly taking into account effects of Alfven waves, I derive from a simple energetics argument a fundamental relation which predicts solar wind (SW) speeds in the vicinity of the earth from physical properties on the sun. Kojima et al. recently found from their observations that a ratio of surface magnetic field strength to an expansion factor of open magnetic flux tubes is a good indicator of the SW speed. I show by using the derived relation that this nice correlation is an evidence of the Alfven wave which accelerates SW in expanding flux tubes. The observations further require that fluctuation amplitudes of magnetic field lines at the surface should be almost universal in different coronal holes, which needs to be tested by future observations.

Takeru K. Suzuki

2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

227

Comparison of AC drives for electric vehicles -- A report on experts` opinion survey  

SciTech Connect

It is recognized that wide applications of electric vehicles (EVs) will bring tremendous social, economical and ecological benefits. With the growing interests in electric vehicles, much effort is demanded for the development of efficient, reliable and economical AC drives` for EV propulsion purpose. Both induction motor (IM) drives and permanent magnet brushless DC motor (BDCM) drives have been applied to EVs. Switched reluctance motor (SRM) drives have been proposed as an alternative for EV propulsion. In order to assess the suitability of IM, BDCM and SRM drives for EV applications and to provide a technical support for the development and selection of future EV propulsion systems, the existing EV AC propulsion drives were compared, and a survey of experts` opinions was conducted. Comparison of the three AC drives was made on a relative and a quantitative basis using the survey questionnaires. According to the majority of the experts, induction motor drives are best suited for EV propulsion purpose, due to their low cost, high reliability, high speed, established converter and manufacturing technology, low torque ripple/noise and absence of position sensors. BDCM drives feature compactness, low weight and high efficiency and therefore provide an alternative for EV propulsion. The experts regard insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) as the most suited power semiconductor devices for AC drive converters at the present stage. 7 refs.

Chang, L. [New Brunswick Univ., Fredericton, New Brunswick (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [New Brunswick Univ., Fredericton, New Brunswick (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

High speed door assembly  

SciTech Connect

This invention is comprised of a high speed door assembly, comprising an actuator cylinder and piston rods, a pressure supply cylinder and fittings, an electrically detonated explosive bolt, a honeycomb structured door, a honeycomb structured decelerator, and a structural steel frame encasing the assembly to close over a 3 foot diameter opening within 50 milliseconds of actuation, to contain hazardous materials and vapors within a test fixture.

Shapiro, C.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

229

1International High Speed Rail Conference 19642064 High Speed Rail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1International High Speed Rail Conference 1964­2064 High Speed Rail: Celebrating Ambition 2014 by the Birmingham Centre for Railway Research and Education Conference programme 8 ­10 December 2014 Kindly supported by: #12;2 International High Speed Rail Conference Monday 8 December 12:00 ­ 12:50 Registration

Birmingham, University of

230

The Casimir warp drive:Is the Casimir Effect a valid candidate to generate and sustain a Natario warp drive spacetime bubble??  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Casimir warp drive:Is the Casimir Effect a valid candidate to generate and sustain a Natario in a reasonable amount of time a ship must attain a speed of about 200 times faster than light Relativity forbids the existence of negative energy the Casimir Effect first predicted by Casimir in 1948

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

231

Optimal Flight Speed of Birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Optimal Flight Speed of Birds Anders Hedenstrom Thomas Alerstam The speed of birds in flapping flight...when interpreted in the light of optimization theory, may...and review of optimal flight speeds of birds, based on foraging...

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Driving Green com | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Driving Green com Jump to: navigation, search Name: Driving Green.com Place: Melbourne, Florida Zip: 32904 Sector: Vehicles Product: Driving green.com is a website that allows...

233

ARM - SGP Rural Driving Hazards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rural Driving Hazards Rural Driving Hazards SGP Related Links Facilities and Instruments Central Facility Boundary Facility Extended Facility Intermediate Facility Radiometric Calibration Facility Geographic Information ES&H Guidance Statement Operations Science Field Campaigns Visiting the Site Fact Sheet Images Information for Guest Scientists Contacts SGP Rural Driving Hazards The rural location of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site facilities requires that visitors travel on unpaved, dirt and gravel, roads. Visitors should be aware of the driving hazards this presents by taking the following precautions: Proceed cautiously: Many rural roads have unmarked and blind intersections. Slow down: Sanded and gravel raods can cause a vehicle to swerve. Maintain a safe following distance: During the dry season, vehicles

234

Induction-drive magnetohydrodynamic propulsion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of magnetohydrodynamic propulsion for marine applications is reviewed with emphasis on induction- ... . Comparisons are made with direct-drive MHD propulsion systems. Application to pumps for hazardous fl...

D. L. Mitchell; D. U. Gubser

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Electric Drive Status and Challenges  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation given by technical manager Susan Rogers at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive (Power Electronics and Electric Machines) Workshop on July 24, 2012 held at the Doubletree O'Hare, Chicago, IL.

236

High Speed Particle Image Velocimetry Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Speed Particle Image Velocimetry Speed Particle Image Velocimetry Overview The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory is seeking licensing partners interested in implementing U.S. Non- provisional Patent Application 12/765,317 entitled "Method of Particle Trajectory Recognition in Particle Flows of High Particle Concentration Using a Candidate Trajectory Tree Process with Variable Search Areas." This patent application discloses a novel method to simultaneously track the motion of high numbers of object images under extreme, high concen- tration conditions. Although the software is designed to simultaneously track large numbers of particle images in flow fields, it can track any type of object whose locations are available at consecutive time increments (e.g.,

237

Adaptive pitch control for variable speed wind turbines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An adaptive method for adjusting blade pitch angle, and controllers implementing such a method, for achieving higher power coefficients. Average power coefficients are determined for first and second periods of operation for the wind turbine. When the average power coefficient for the second time period is larger than for the first, a pitch increment, which may be generated based on the power coefficients, is added (or the sign is retained) to the nominal pitch angle value for the wind turbine. When the average power coefficient for the second time period is less than for the first, the pitch increment is subtracted (or the sign is changed). A control signal is generated based on the adapted pitch angle value and sent to blade pitch actuators that act to change the pitch angle of the wind turbine to the new or modified pitch angle setting, and this process is iteratively performed.

Johnson, Kathryn E. (Boulder, CO); Fingersh, Lee Jay (Westminster, CO)

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

238

Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump with Variable-Speed Technology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Lead Performer: Unico Systems - St. Louis, MO Partners: -- Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN -- Purdue University - West Lafayette, IN -- Emerson Electric - St. Louis, MO -- Invention House - St. Louis, MO

239

Protein Folding Pathways Implementing Dihedral Angle Variable Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Protein folding remains as an impossible riddle biologist must ... requirements make it difficult to obtain clues regarding protein folding nature. The procedure presented in this paper...

Mikel Diez; Victor Petuya; Mónica Urizar…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Replacement, Variable-Speed Motors for Furnaces, Syracuse, New...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

replace- ment for PSC motors in many homes. To date, CARB has upgraded six systems with Concept 3 motors. Upgrading a fan motor is usually very straightforward. Once...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Residential Cold Climate Heat Pump with Variable-Speed Technology...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN -- Purdue University - West Lafayette, IN -- Emerson Electric - St. Louis, MO -- Invention House - St. Louis, MO DOE Funding: 2,000,000 Cost...

242

Evaluation of Retrofit Variable-Speed Furnace Fan Motors  

SciTech Connect

In conjunction with the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and Proctor Engineering Group, Ltd. (PEG), the Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) has evaluated the Concept 3 (tm) replacement motors for residential furnaces. These brushless, permanent magnet (BPM) motors can use much less electricity than their PSC (permanent split capacitor) predecessors. This evaluation focuses on existing homes in the heating-dominated climate of upstate New York with the goals of characterizing field performance and cost-effectiveness. The results of this study are intended to be useful to home performance contractors, HVAC contractors, and home efficiency program stakeholders. The project includes eight homes in and near Syracuse, NY. Tests and monitoring was performed both before and after fan motors were replaced. Average fan power reductions were approximately 126 Watts during heating and 220 Watts during cooling operation. Over the course of entire heating and cooling seasons, these translated into average electric energy savings of 163 kWh. Average cost savings were $20 per year. Homes where the fan was used outside of heating and cooling mode saved an additional $42 per year on average. Results indicate that BPM replacement motors will be most cost-effective in HVAC systems with longer run times and relatively low duct static pressures. More dramatic savings are possible if occupants use the fan-only setting when there is no thermal load. There are millions of cold-climate, U.S. homes that meet these criteria, but the savings in most homes tested in this study were modest.

Aldrich, R.; Williamson, J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Best Practice for Energy Efficient Cleanrooms: Variable Speed Pumping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the design water flow, a smaller motor would be required toVSD) motor while maintaining desirable water temperatures

Xu, Tengfang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Response Surface Energy Modeling of an Electric Vehicle over a Reduced Composite Drive Cycle  

SciTech Connect

Response surface methodology (RSM) techniques were applied to develop a predictive model of electric vehicle (EV) energy consumption over the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) standardized drive cycles. The model is based on measurements from a synthetic composite drive cycle. The synthetic drive cycle is a minimized statistical composite of the standardized urban (UDDS), highway (HWFET), and US06 cycles. The composite synthetic drive cycle is 20 minutes in length thereby reducing testing time of the three standard EPA cycles by over 55%. Vehicle speed and acceleration were used as model inputs for a third order least squared regression model predicting vehicle battery power output as a function of the drive cycle. The approach reduced three cycles and 46 minutes of drive time to a single test of 20 minutes. Application of response surface modeling to the synthetic drive cycle is shown to predict energy consumption of the three EPA cycles within 2.6% of the actual measured values. Additionally, the response model may be used to predict energy consumption of any cycle within the speed/acceleration envelope of the synthetic cycle. This technique results in reducing test time, which additionally provides a model that may be used to expand the analysis and understanding of the vehicle under consideration.

Jehlik, Forrest [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); LaClair, Tim J [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January 2011 Grand Challenge Portfolio: Driving Innovations in Industrial Energy Efficiency, January...

246

Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer...

247

Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

D.C. tiarravt039schwendeman2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles Energy & Manufacturing Workforce...

248

Integrated Biogeochemical and Hydrologic Processes Driving Arsenic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biogeochemical and Hydrologic Processes Driving Arsenic Release from Shallow Sediments to Groundwaters of the Mekong Integrated Biogeochemical and Hydrologic Processes Driving...

249

GPS Data Filtration Method for Drive Cycle Analysis Applications  

SciTech Connect

When employing GPS data acquisition systems to capture vehicle drive-cycle information, a number of errors often appear in the raw data samples, such as sudden signal loss, extraneous or outlying data points, speed drifting, and signal white noise, all of which limit the quality of field data for use in downstream applications. Unaddressed, these errors significantly impact the reliability of source data and limit the effectiveness of traditional drive-cycle analysis approaches and vehicle simulation software. Without reliable speed and time information, the validity of derived metrics for drive cycles, such as acceleration, power, and distance, become questionable. This study explores some of the common sources of error present in raw onboard GPS data and presents a detailed filtering process designed to correct for these issues. Test data from both light and medium/heavy duty applications are examined to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed filtration process across the range of vehicle vocations. Graphical comparisons of raw and filtered cycles are presented, and statistical analyses are performed to determine the effects of the proposed filtration process on raw data. Finally, an evaluation of the overall benefits of data filtration on raw GPS data and present potential areas for continued research is presented.

Duran, A.; Earleywine, M.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

High speed transient sampler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed sampler comprises a meandered sample transmission line for transmitting an input signal, a straight strobe transmission line for transmitting a strobe signal, and a plurality of sampling gates along the transmission lines. The sampling gates comprise a four terminal diode bridge having a first strobe resistor connected from a first terminal of the bridge to the positive strobe line, a second strobe resistor coupled from the third terminal of the bridge to the negative strobe line, a tap connected to the second terminal of the bridge and to the sample transmission line, and a sample holding capacitor connected to the fourth terminal of the bridge. The resistance of the first and second strobe resistors is much higher than the signal transmission line impedance in the preferred system. This results in a sampling gate which applies a very small load on the sample transmission line and on the strobe generator. The sample holding capacitor is implemented using a smaller capacitor and a larger capacitor isolated from the smaller capacitor by resistance. The high speed sampler of the present invention is also characterized by other optimizations, including transmission line tap compensation, stepped impedance strobe line, a multi-layer physical layout, and unique strobe generator design. A plurality of banks of such samplers are controlled for concatenated or interleaved sample intervals to achieve long sample lengths or short sample spacing. 17 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1995-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

251

High speed transient sampler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed sampler comprises a meandered sample transmission line for transmitting an input signal, a straight strobe transmission line for transmitting a strobe signal, and a plurality of sampling gates along the transmission lines. The sampling gates comprise a four terminal diode bridge having a first strobe resistor connected from a first terminal of the bridge to the positive strobe line, a second strobe resistor coupled from the third terminal of the bridge to the negative strobe line, a tap connected to the second terminal of the bridge and to the sample transmission line, and a sample holding capacitor connected to the fourth terminal of the bridge. The resistance of the first and second strobe resistors is much higher than the signal transmission line impedance in the preferred system. This results in a sampling gate which applies a very small load on the sample transmission line and on the strobe generator. The sample holding capacitor is implemented using a smaller capacitor and a larger capacitor isolated from the smaller capacitor by resistance. The high speed sampler of the present invention is also characterized by other optimizations, including transmission line tap compensation, stepped impedance strobe line, a multi-layer physical layout, and unique strobe generator design. A plurality of banks of such samplers are controlled for concatenated or interleaved sample intervals to achieve long sample lengths or short sample spacing.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Can Satellite Sampling of Offshore Wind Speeds Realistically Represent Wind Speed Distributions? Part II: Quantifying Uncertainties Associated with Distribution Fitting Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Remote sensing tools represent an attractive proposition for measuring wind speeds over the oceans because, in principle, they also offer a mechanism for determining the spatial variability of flow. Presented here is the continuation of research ...

S. C. Pryor; M. Nielsen; R. J. Barthelmie; J. Mann

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Glass Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The switched reluctance motor offers variable speed capacitySwitched reluctance drives are an old technology that is being improved, incorporating adjustable speed drives and high efficiency motors.

Worrell, Ernst

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Loss of Transcription Factor KLF5 in the Context of p53 Ablation Drives Invasive Progression of Human Squamous Cell Cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...p53 mutation to drive malignant conversion...found at comparable frequencies in precancerous...p53 mutations are variable, and almost 80...target genes and drives squamous cell transformation...of p53 ablation drives invasive progression...found at comparable frequencies in precancerous...

Yizeng Yang; Hiroshi Nakagawa; Marie-Pier Tetreault; Janelle Billig; Noel Victor; Abha Goyal; Antonia R. Sepulveda; and Jonathan P. Katz

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Dual-decay converter for switched reluctance motor drives in low-voltage applications  

SciTech Connect

A modified converter topology for star-connected switched reluctance motors suitable for low-voltage applications is proposed in this paper. A dual time constant freewheeling circuit has been designed to improve the drive performance and efficiency over a wide range of speeds. The different modes of operation of the converter are discussed, and a comparison is made with other converter configurations.

Ehsani, Mehrdad; Husain, Iqbal; Ramani, K.R. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Galloway, J.H. (J.H. Galloway and Associates, Brookfield, CT (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Real-Time Fuzzy Control of Sensorless PM Drive Systems Dr. Kasim M. Al-Aubidy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oscillator controls the motor speed. The other mode is the closed-loop mode, in which the inverter power is essential for controlling the power devices of the inverter. The main problem with present rotor position without the new trends in softcomputing. There is a lot of literature on the design of AC drive systems

257

Distribution Drive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Drive Drive Jump to: navigation, search Name Distribution Drive Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75205 Product Biodiesel fuel distributor. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

258

Inter-genomic sexual conflict drives antagonistic coevolution in harvester ants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in such systems can drive sexually antagonistic...benefit from higher mating frequency and diversity. In this...t-test. All other variables were analysed using...final model for each variable. Covariates included...expected from adult colony frequencies, both males and queens...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Photovoltaic array driven adjustable speed heat pump and power system scheme for a lunar based habitat  

SciTech Connect

A high reliability power system scheme, incorporating a photovoltaic power supply and adjustable speed heat pump for life support is presented in this paper. Initial design guidelines and also a description of the state of technology available is presented herein. The power supply scheme will be used as input to an Adjustable Speed Drive (ASD) which will be driving a heat pump. A brief study of various aspects of ASDs is presented, further a summary of the relative merits of different ASD systems presently in vogue is discussed. The advantages of using microcomputer based ASDs is widely understood and accepted. Of the three most popular drive systems, namely the Induction Motor Drive, Switched Reluctance Motor Drive and Brushless DC Motor Drive, any one may be chosen. The choice would depend on the nature of the application and its requirements. The suitability of the above mentioned drive systems and control techniques for a photovoltaic array driven ASD for an aerospace application are discussed. Also discussed are several possible power system designs for a potential lunar habitat.

Domijan, A. Jr.; Buchh, T.A. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering] [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Assessing Benefits in Vehicle Speed and Lateral Position when Chevrons with Full Retroreflective Sign Posts are Implemented on Rural Horizontal Curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driving a horizontal roadway curve requires a change in vehicle alignment and a potential reduction in speed. Curves may present a challenging situation during adverse conditions or to inattentive drivers. Chevron signs provide advanced warning...

Re, Jonathan M.

2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Laser Direct Drive: Scientific Advances,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Simpler targets & physics · Predict Fusion Class Gains (> 140) at lower laser energy (500 kJ - 1 MJ) #12;7 KrF lasers have advantages for fusion energy PHYSICS Deeper UV (248 nm vs 351 for glass): -- Greater · chamber #12;9 Gain for Fusion Energy New Direct Drive Designs: Power plant class gains, much smaller laser

262

Anomalous-viscosity current drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for maintaining a steady-state current for magnetically confining the plasma in a toroidal magnetic confinement device using anomalous viscosity current drive. A second aspect of this invention relates to an apparatus and method for the start-up of a magnetically confined toroidal plasma.

Stix, T.H.; Ono, M.

1986-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

263

wind speed | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

speed speed Dataset Summary Description GIS data for offshore wind speed (meters/second). Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and monthly wind speed at 30km resolution, using a 0.11 wind sheer to extrapolate 10m - 90m. Annual average >= 10 months of data, no nulls. Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords GIS global NOAA NREL offshore wind wind speed Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 18.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Please cite NREL and NOAA Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata

264

US DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy Sustainability Partnership Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Partnership Plan Partnership Plan March 2013 U.S. DRIVE Partnership Plan Table of Contents Foreword ....................................................................................................................................................... 2 Definition ...................................................................................................................................................... 3 Partners ......................................................................................................................................................... 3 U.S. DRIVE Vision ........................................................................................................................................... 3 U.S. DRIVE Mission ........................................................................................................................................ 4

265

Initial testing of a variable-stroke Stirling engine  

SciTech Connect

In support of the US Department of Energy's Stirling Engine Highway Vehicle Systems Program, NASA Lewis Research Center is evaluating variable-stroke control for Stirling engines. The engine being tested is the Advenco Stirling engine; this engine was manufactured by Philips Research Laboratories of the Netherlands and uses a variable-angle swash-plate drive to achieve variable stroke operation. This report describes the engine, presents initial steady-state test data taken at Lewis, and describes a major drive system failure and subsequent modifications. Computer simulation results are presented to show potential part-load efficiency gains with variable-stroke control.

Thieme, L.G.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Simulation and analysis of high-speed modular flywheel energy storage systems using MATLAB/Simulink  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Storage is an extremely important area of research and has several applications, including potential of furthering the integration of renewable in the grid. An efficient and cost-effective electric storage is a transformative technology and benefits ... Keywords: PM motor, flywheel energy storage system, high-speed drives, storage system

Parag Upadhyay; Ned Mohan

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Getting Ready for Electric Drive: the Plug-In Vehicle and Infrastructure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ready for Electric Drive: the Plug-In Vehicle and Ready for Electric Drive: the Plug-In Vehicle and Infrastructure Workshop Getting Ready for Electric Drive: the Plug-In Vehicle and Infrastructure Workshop August 18, 2010 - 5:30pm Addthis Matt Rogers Matt Rogers McKinsey & Company Blogs have been abuzz on electric vehicles and advanced batteries recently, and likely in no small part due to some of the programs that are kicking into high gear at the Department of Energy right now. On July 22, we hosted a Plug-In Vehicle & Infrastructure Workshop that brought together nearly 200 attendees and 600 web participants to discuss near-term actions to accelerate deployment of electric-drive vehicles. The program demonstrated how federal leadership can speed up preparation for vehicles expected in showrooms at the end of this year. This leadership complements the Obama

268

HybriDrive Propulsion System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HybriDrive HybriDrive ® Propulsion System Cleaner, smarter power for transit DOE/FTA Fuel Cell Research Priorities Workshop Washington, DC 7 June 2010 Bart W. Mancini Sr. Principal Systems Engineer BAE Systems Ph: 607-770-4103 bart.mancini@baesystems.com 2 Overview 3 * BAE Systems FC Experience / Deployments * Technology gaps/barriers to full commercialization of fuel cell buses * Well-to-wheels energy efficiency and emissions * Cost metrics * Bus integration issues * Fuel cell bus R&D needs * Future plans BAE Systems FC Experience / Deployments 4 * 1998 - Georgetown/FTA/DOE Fuel Cell Bus #1 (still serviceable) * UTC 100 kW Phosphoric Acid FC using on-board Methanol Reformate, Hybrid propulsion & Electric accessories * 2000 - Georgetown/FTA/DOE Fuel Cell Bus #2 (retired) *

269

Granular gases under extreme driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study inelastic gases in two dimensions using event-driven molecular dynamics simulations. Our focus is the nature of the stationary state attained by rare injection of large amounts of energy to balance the dissipation due to collisions. We find that under such extreme driving, with the injection rate much smaller than the collision rate, the velocity distribution has a power-law high energy tail. The numerically measured exponent characterizing this tail is in excellent agreement with predictions of kinetic theory over a wide range of system parameters. We conclude that driving by rare but powerful energy injection leads to a well-mixed gas and constitutes an alternative mechanism for agitating granular matter. In this distinct nonequilibrium steady-state, energy cascades from large to small scales. Our simulations also show that when the injection rate is comparable with the collision rate, the velocity distribution has a stretched exponential tail.

W. Kang; J. Machta; E. Ben-Naim

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

270

Optimization of condensing gas drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- cal, undersaturated reservoir with gas being injected into the crest and oil being produced from the base of the structure. Fractional oil re- covery at gas breakthrough proved to be less sensitive to changes in oil withdrawal rates as the gas... injection pressure was increased. The validity of the model was established by accurately simulating several low pressure gas drives conducted in the laboratory. Oil recoveries at gas breakthrough using the model compared closely with those recoveries...

Lofton, Larry Keith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

271

Current drive operation in a tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three modes of current drive operation in a tokamak — continuous, cyclic, and rfinitiated-are ... A model design of a saturable iron core tokamak for current drive experiments is also presented.

O. Mitarai; A. Hirose

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

What Drives the Brewer–Dobson Circulation?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent studies have revealed strong interactions between resolved Rossby wave and parameterized gravity wave driving in stratosphere-resolving atmospheric models. Perturbations to the parameterized wave driving are often compensated by opposite ...

Naftali Y. Cohen; Edwin P. Gerber; Oliver Bühler

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Vehicle Technologies Office: U.S. DRIVE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

U.S. DRIVE stands for Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability. It is a non-binding and voluntary government-industry partnership focused on advanced...

274

October Blood Drive Announcement | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

American Red Cross Blood Drive Scheduled for Oct. 31 The American Red Cross Blood Drive will take place Friday, October 31st from 10 a.m.-4 p.m. in CEBAF Center, Room F113. New and...

275

Consider Steam Turbine Drives for Rotating Equipment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This tip sheet outlines the benefits of steam turbine drives for rotating equipment as part of optimized steam systems.

276

Forecasting wind speed financial return  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prediction of wind speed is very important when dealing with the production of energy through wind turbines. In this paper, we show a new nonparametric model, based on semi-Markov chains, to predict wind speed. Particularly we use an indexed semi-Markov model that has been shown to be able to reproduce accurately the statistical behavior of wind speed. The model is used to forecast, one step ahead, wind speed. In order to check the validity of the model we show, as indicator of goodness, the root mean square error and mean absolute error between real data and predicted ones. We also compare our forecasting results with those of a persistence model. At last, we show an application of the model to predict financial indicators like the Internal Rate of Return, Duration and Convexity.

D'Amico, Guglielmo; Prattico, Flavio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Speed Limit of Magnetic Recording  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1. The linac's beam, made of tightly packed bunches of electrons traveling close to the speed of light, creates magnetic pulses that are some of the world's strongest - at up to...

278

Information superhighway approaches light speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nothing moves faster than light in a vacuum but a new kind of optical fibre transports large volumes of data at 99.7 per cent of this speed limit

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A Novel Current Angle Control Scheme in a Current Source Inverter Fed Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a novel speed control scheme to operate a current source inverter (CSI) driven surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous machine (SPMSM) for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) applications. The idea is to use the angle of the current vector to regulate the rotor speed while keeping the two dc-dc converter power switches on all the time to boost system efficiency. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme was verified with a 3 kW CSI-SPMSM drive prototype.

Tang, Lixin [ORNL] [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Observational constraint on the varying speed of light theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The varying speed of light (VSL) theory is controversial. It succeeds in explaining some cosmological problems, but on the other hand it is excluded by mainstream physics because it will shake the foundation of physics. In the present paper, we devote ourselves to test whether the speed of light is varying from the observational data of the type Ia Supernova, Baryon Acoustic Oscillation, Observational $H(z)$ data and Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB). We select the common form $c(t)=c_0a^n(t)$ with the contribution of dark energy and matter, where $c_0$ is the current value of speed of light, $n$ is a constant, and consequently construct a varying speed of light dark energy model (VSLDE). The combined observational data show a much trivial constraint $n=-0.0033 \\pm 0.0045$ at 68.3\\% confidence level, which indicates that the speed of light may be a constant with high significance. By reconstructing the time-variable $c(t)$, we find that the speed of light almost has no variation for redshift $z < 10^{-1}$....

Qi, Jing-Zhao; Liu, Wen-Biao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Indianapolis Offers a Lesson on Driving Demand  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Successful program managers know that understanding the factors that drive homeowners to make upgrades is critical to the widespread adoption of energy efficiency. What better place to learn about driving demand for upgrades than in Indianapolis, America's most famous driving city?

282

Combination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grinding with Regard to Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stress Model for Speed Stroke Grinding of Hardened SteelStresses in Speed Stroke Grinding via FEA Simulation andCombination of Speed Stroke Grinding and High Speed Grinding

Linke, Barbara; Duscha, Michael; Klocke, Fritz; Dornfeld, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Closed Loop Speed Control of Induction Generator with Scalar-control Inverters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A closed loop speed control for an induction generator is presented. The system was developed for a space vector modulation-voltage source inverter and the three-phase squirrel-cage induction generator to regulate speed and generator voltages with scalar control technique. The aim of this research was to a generated voltage with a constant speed at variable mechanical torque of prime mover. The simulation results show a good performance of the system can be achieved by the proposed speed controller.

Anaphat Upasan; Yuttana Kumsuwan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Robust control of switched reluctance motor drives using Kharitonov theorem and swarm intelligence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents a design technique for proportional integral (PI) robust current and speed controllers of switched reluctance motor (SRM) drives. The variations of stator inductance, equivalent resistance, moment of inertia and coefficient of friction are considered leading to uncertain plant representation of the drive. Robustness of the controllers is achieved through Kharitonov theorem considering parameter uncertainties over wide ranges of operation. To attain best performance, the design is cast as an optimisation problem solved by particle swarm optimisation (PSO) to ensure maximum possible degree of stability. Extensive comparisons with the classical methods are carried out showing noteworthy advantages of the proposed routine.

E.H.E. Bayoumi; M.A. Awadallah; H.M. Soliman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

1980–2010 Variability in U.K. Surface Wind Climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The climate of the northeast Atlantic region comprises substantial decadal variability in storminess. It also exhibits strong inter- and intra-annual variability in extreme high and low wind speed episodes. Here the authors quantify and discuss ...

Nick Earl; Steve Dorling; Richard Hewston; Roland von Glasow

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Zeolite.png Schematic of an important class of porous materials known as...

287

Electric motor with controllable speed and torque  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The proposed electric motor is characterized by controllable speed and torque ... shaft, at constant rotor speed. In this motor, the torque at the output shaft increases...

R. G. Khadeev

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Controlling proton source speeds catalyst | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Controlling proton source speeds catalyst Controlling proton source speeds catalyst Nickel-based catalyst three times faster with adjustments to key acid Research showing that...

289

Neural and Fuzzy Adaptive Control of Induction Motor Drives  

SciTech Connect

This paper proposes an adaptive neural network speed control scheme for an induction motor (IM) drive. The proposed scheme consists of an adaptive neural network identifier (ANNI) and an adaptive neural network controller (ANNC). For learning the quoted neural networks, a back propagation algorithm was used to automatically adjust the weights of the ANNI and ANNC in order to minimize the performance functions. Here, the ANNI can quickly estimate the plant parameters and the ANNC is used to provide on-line identification of the command and to produce a control force, such that the motor speed can accurately track the reference command. By combining artificial neural network techniques with fuzzy logic concept, a neural and fuzzy adaptive control scheme is developed. Fuzzy logic was used for the adaptation of the neural controller to improve the robustness of the generated command. The developed method is robust to load torque disturbance and the speed target variations when it ensures precise trajectory tracking with the prescribed dynamics. The algorithm was verified by simulation and the results obtained demonstrate the effectiveness of the IM designed controller.

Bensalem, Y. [Research Unit of Modelisation, Analyse, Command of Systems MACS (Tunisia); Sbita, L.; Abdelkrim, M. N. [6029 Universite High School of Engineering-Gabes-Tunisia (Tunisia)

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

290

Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Agency/Company /Organization: International Energy Agency Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Market analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Publications Website: www.iea.org/g8/2008/Empowering_Variable_Renewables.pdf Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems Screenshot References: Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems[1] Summary "Increasing the share of renewables in energy portfolios is a key tool in the drive to reduce anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions, as well as

291

An investigation of irregular switching in three phase adjustable speed motor drives without neutral connection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phase Model 9 One Cycle of Reference Current 17 10 Effect of Magnitude of E on Current Slope 18 11 Effect of Back EMF on Switching with Zero Degree Phase difference with Reference Current . 19 12 Effect of Back EMF on Switching with Ninety Degree... Phase Switching with Unacceptable Phase Inductance 37 25 Three Phase Switching with unacceptable Back EMF 38 26 Circuit Configuration during iVull Switching States 41 27 Three Phase Switching without Null Switching State . 47 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION...

Arefeen, Shamsal

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

292

Analysis and design of matrix converters for adjustable speed drives and distributed power sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, matrix converter has received considerable interest as a viable alternative to the conventional back-to-back PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) converter in the ac/ac conversion. This direct ac/ac converter provides some attractive...

Cha, Han Ju

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interannual variability of photosynthesis across Africa and its attribution Christopher A. Williams of photosynthesis across the African continent during the period 1982�2003. Acute soil water stress emerges as the primary factor driving interannual variability of photosynthesis for most of Africa. Southern savannas

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

294

Introduction to Commercial Building Control Strategies and Techniques for Demand Response -- Appendices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the fan variable frequency drive (VFD) limit strategy.decrease X X Fan variable frequency drive limit Air X Supplystrategy, the fan variable frequency drive (VFD) speed is

Motegi, N.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low-Speed Vehicle and Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle and Medium-Speed Electric Vehicle (EV) Access to Roadways on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed

296

OpenEI - wind speed  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL GIS Data: Global NREL GIS Data: Global Offshore Wind http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/869 GIS data for offshore wind speed (meters/second).  Specified to Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ).Wind resource based on NOAA blended sea winds and monthly wind speed at 30km resolution, using a 0.11 wind sheer to extrapolate 10m - 90m.  Annual average  >= 10 months of data, no nulls. License

Type of License:  Other (please specify below)

297

A Five-Leg Inverter for Driving a Traction Motor and a Compressor Motor  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an integrated inverter for speed control of a traction motor and a compressor motor to reduce the compressor drive cost in EV/HEV applications. The inverter comprises five phase-legs; three of which are for control of a three-phase traction motor and the remaining two for a two-phase compressor motor with three terminals. The common terminal of the two-phase motor is tied to the neutral point of the three-phase traction motor to eliminate the requirement of a third phase leg. Further cost savings are made possible by sharing the switching devices, dc bus filter capacitors, gate drive power supplies, and control circuit. Simulation and experimental results are included to verify that speed control of the two motors is independent from each other.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump March 15, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL No doubt you've heard-or noticed yourself-that gas prices are rising again. It's always painful to fill up when you know the total will be more than it would have been yesterday. I can't do a lot about the total when you fill your tank, but I do have a few tips to help you fill up a little less often and save a bit of fuel and money. It's been awhile since we pointed you to FuelEconomy.gov, but this site is the best place to start if you're looking for info on efficient driving and vehicles. To get you started, remember these tips: Drive the speed limit. For every 5 miles per hour (mph) you drive

299

Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump Efficient Driving Tips to Help Ease the Pain at the Pump March 15, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL No doubt you've heard-or noticed yourself-that gas prices are rising again. It's always painful to fill up when you know the total will be more than it would have been yesterday. I can't do a lot about the total when you fill your tank, but I do have a few tips to help you fill up a little less often and save a bit of fuel and money. It's been awhile since we pointed you to FuelEconomy.gov, but this site is the best place to start if you're looking for info on efficient driving and vehicles. To get you started, remember these tips: Drive the speed limit. For every 5 miles per hour (mph) you drive

300

Analysis and design of energy recovery snubbers for switched reluctance motor drives  

SciTech Connect

Snubber studies for switched reluctance motor (SRM) drives are nonexistent even though the power converter topologies are unique and do not fall under the category of inverter topologies applicable to AC motor drives. The importance of the snubbers does not come into the picture until either the power rating of the converter is high and in the multi-kW range or the switching frequency requirement is in the 20 kHz range. Such requirements are coming to the fore in many product development applications such as extruders, general purpose drives, integral starter generators for aircraft, electric vehicles, high speed spindles and centrifuges, etc. This paper is concerned with extending the Undeland snubber configuration to the two-switches per phase power converter topology of the SRM drive including the energy recovery feature. The energy recovery snubbers are then analyzed in terms of the various modes of operation encountered in the converter. A design procedure for the energy recovery snubbers is developed. The design procedure and the operation of the proposed snubber configuration in the SRM drive are experimentally verified with a laboratory prototype SRM drive. The impact of the proposed snubber on the power converter efficiency and its comparison with conventional snubber based systems, such as RCDs, is evaluated to assess the advantages of the proposed energy recovery snubber. 10 refs.

Gharpure, V.S.; Krishnan, R.; Lee, S. [Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Bradley Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Protein folding: A complex potential for the driving force  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the Helmholtz decomposition of the vector field of folding fluxes in a reduced space of collective variables, a potential of the driving force for protein folding is determined. The potential has two components and can be written as a complex function. One component is responsible for the source and sink of the folding flows (representing, respectively, the unfolded states and the native state of the protein), and the other accounts for the vorticity of the flow that is produced at the boundaries of the main flow by the contact of the moving folding "fluid" with the quiescent surroundings. The theoretical consideration is illustrated by calculations for a model $\\beta$-hairpin protein.

Chekmarev, Sergei F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Progress of the Computer-Aided Engineering of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation, Progress of Computer-Aided Engineering of Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) is about simulation and computer-aided engineering (CAE) tools that are widely used to speed up the research and development cycle and reduce the number of build-and-break steps, particularly in the automotive industry. Realizing this, DOE?s Vehicle Technologies Program initiated the CAEBAT project in April 2010 to develop a suite of software tools for designing batteries.

Pesaran, A. A.; Han, T.; Hartridge, S.; Shaffer, C.; Kim, G. H.; Pannala, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Vehicle Technologies Office: U.S. DRIVE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S. DRIVE U.S. DRIVE Logo for U.S. DRIVE - Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability. U.S. DRIVE stands for Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability. It is a non-binding and voluntary government-industry partnership focused on advanced automotive and related infrastructure technology research and development (R&D). Specifically, the Partnership is a forum for pre-competitive technical information exchange among partners to discuss R&D needs, develop joint goals and technology roadmaps, and evaluate R&D progress for a broad range of technical areas. By providing a framework for frequent and regular interaction among technical experts in a common area of expertise, the Partnership -

304

Electric vehicle drive train with contactor protection  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drive train for an electric vehicle includes a traction battery, a power drive circuit, a main contactor for connecting and disconnecting the traction battery and the power drive circuit, a voltage detector across contacts of the main contactor, and a controller for controlling the main contactor to prevent movement of its contacts to the closed position when the voltage across the contacts exceeds a predetermined threshold, to thereby protect the contacts of the contactor. The power drive circuit includes an electric traction motor and a DC-to-AC inverter with a capacitive input filter. The controller also inhibits the power drive circuit from driving the motor and thereby discharging the input capacitor if the contacts are inadvertently opened during motoring. A precharging contactor is controlled to charge the input filter capacitor prior to closing the main contactor to further protect the contacts of the main contactor.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Benson, Ralph A. (Roanoke, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

DOE Drives Big Data Push  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Volume 9 Issue 2 2 Volume 9 Issue 2 From YAGS to Planetary Biology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 DOE Drives Big Data Push . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Sweating Small Scale Genomics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 The Future of the DOE JGI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Save the Date for Meeting 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 also in this issue With a record 488 genomics researchers and bioinformaticians sitting in the Marriott Walnut Creek ballroom, New York Times science writer Carl Zimmer opened the DOE Joint Genome Institute's 7th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 20, 2012. Sharing his thoughts about being "On the Genome Beat," he informed the audience that he was worn down by seeing news about scientists successfully sequencing yet another genome sequence, and that "maybe some genomes shouldn't be written about." Zimmer's words engaged the audience in a discussion that

306

Current Drive in Recombining Plasma  

SciTech Connect

The Langevin equations describing the average collisional dynamics of suprathermal particles in nonstationary plasma remarkably admit an exact analytical solution in the case of recombining plasma. The current density produced by arbitrary particle fluxes is derived including the effect of charge recombination. Since recombination has the effect of lowering the charge density of the plasma, thus reducing the charged particle collisional frequencies, the evolution of the current density can be modified substantially compared to plasma with fixed charge density. The current drive efficiency is derived and optimized for discrete and continuous pulses of current, leading to the discovery of a nonzero "residual" current density that persists indefinitely under certain conditions, a feature not present in stationary plasmas.

P.F. Schmit and N.J. Fisch

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Improving Motor and Drive System Performance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

drives. Energy-Efficient Electric Motors and Their Applications, 2nd Edition Author: Jordan, H.E. Publisher: Springer Description: Evaluates the energy savings potential of...

308

Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles ? A Comprehensive Education...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

D.C. tiarravt034ferdowsi2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles A Comprehensive Education, Training, and Outreach Program Advanced...

309

Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles ? A Comprehensive Education...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Meeting arravt034tiferdowsi2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles A Comprehensive Education, Training, and Outreach Program Advanced...

310

Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles ? A Comprehensive Education...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Evaluation arravt034tiferdowsi2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Electric Drive Vehicles A Comprehensive Education, Training, and Outreach Program Advanced...

311

Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training Consortium (NAFTC), together with its partners, will develop an Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program that will help accelerate mass market introduction...

312

Electric Drive Vehicle Infrastructure Deployment | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Infrastructure Deployment Electric Drive Vehicle Infrastructure Deployment 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

313

Cone Drive Operations Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cone Drive Operations Inc Place: Traverse City, Michigan Zip: 49684 Sector: Solar Product: US-based manufacturers of double enveloping worm gear technology. The company supplies...

314

Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies - January 16, 2011 Marketing & Driving Demand: Social Media Tools & Strategies - January 16, 2011 January 16, 2011 Conference Call...

315

Marketing & Driving Demand Collaborative - Social Media Tools...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Collaborative - Social Media Tools & Strategies Marketing & Driving Demand Collaborative - Social Media Tools & Strategies Presentation slides from the BetterBuildings...

316

Collaboration drives achievement in protein structure research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AlumniLink November 2014 Collaboration drives achievement in protein structure research Alumni Link: Opportunities, News and Resources for Former Employees Latest...

317

Comparative LCA of a Linear Motor and Hybrid Feed Drive under High Cutting Loads  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Linear motor drives (LMDs) are well known to provide significant advantages in terms of positioning speed and accuracy over traditional screw drives (SDs), making them better suited for high-speed high-precision machine tools. However, their use in such machine tools is severely limited by their tendency to consume a lot of electrical energy and cause thermal issues, particularly under high cutting loads. A hybrid feed drive (HFD) has recently been proposed as a possible solution to this dilemma. The HFD switches between LMD and SD actuation depending on the mode of the manufacturing operation, thus achieving speeds and accuracies similar to \\{LMDs\\} while consuming much less energy. This paper presents a comparative life cycle analysis (LCA) of the proposed HFD with an LMD as the baseline for the comparison. The functional unit is taken as the production of parts that involve heavy cutting by a small-sized 3-axis precision milling machine for 250 8-hour work days per year over a 12-year first-use life span. Energy savings provided by the HFD during its use phase vis-a-vis the additional energy investments into the HFD at various phases in its life cycle are compared. The analysis predicts a net positive impact, in terms of energy and the environment, for the HFD compared to the LMD under high cutting loads.

Siddharth Kale; Nattasit Dancholvichit; Chinedum Okwudire

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Energy Department Invests $13 Million to Drive Innovative U.S. Solar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 Million to Drive Innovative U.S. 3 Million to Drive Innovative U.S. Solar Manufacturing Energy Department Invests $13 Million to Drive Innovative U.S. Solar Manufacturing December 11, 2013 - 10:44am Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON -- Building on the Energy Department's all-of-the-above energy strategy to continue U.S. leadership in clean energy innovation, the Department today announced over $13 million for five projects to strengthen domestic solar manufacturing and speed commercialization of efficient, affordable photovoltaic and concentrating solar power technologies. As part of the Department's SunShot Initiative, these awards will help lower the cost of solar electricity, support a growing U.S. solar workforce and increase U.S. competitiveness in the global clean energy market.

319

MYUNGHWAN PARK 6200 Westchester Park Drive, APT 1510, College Park, Maryland 20740  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MYUNGHWAN PARK 6200 Westchester Park Drive, APT 1510, College Park, Maryland 20740 MOBILE : (+1, and RF PA). · Designed Class D and E RF power amplifier with variable load-pull analysis. Smart Imaging for the high frequency devices (HEMT) Yonsei University, Electronic Device and Materials Laboratory Dec 2005

Lathrop, Daniel P.

320

Abstract 5752: Molecular mechanisms driving oncogenesis in KRAS mutant non-small cell lung cancer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...harboring KRAS mutations (20-30% frequency) has highlighted the need for RAS targeted...demonstrates that KRAS mutated cancer cells show variable responses to inhibition of downstream...molecular mechanisms through which KRAS drives oncogenesis have yet to be fully elucidated...

Matthew Holderfield; Frank McCormick; and Tobi Nagel

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Coordinating Garbage Collection for Arrays of Solid-state Drives  

SciTech Connect

Although solid-state drives (SSDs) offer significant performance improvements over hard disk drives (HDDs) for a number of workloads, they can exhibit substantial variance in request latency and throughput as a result of garbage collection (GC). When GC conflicts with an I/O stream, the stream can make no forward progress until the GC cycle completes. GC cycles are scheduled by logic internal to the SSD based on several factors such as the pattern, frequency, and volume of write requests. When SSDs are used in a RAID with currently available technology, the lack of coordination of the SSD-local GC cycles amplifies this performance variance. We propose a global garbage collection (GGC) mechanism to improve response times and reduce performance variability for a RAID of SSDs. We include a high-level design of SSD-aware RAID controller and GGC-capable SSD devices and algorithms to coordinate the GGC cycles. We develop reactive and proactive GC coordination algorithms and evaluate their I/O performance and block erase counts for various workloads. Our simulations show that GC coordination by a reactive scheme improves average response time and reduces performance variability for a wide variety of enterprise workloads. For bursty, write-dominated workloads, response time was improved by 69% and performance variability was reduced by 71%. We show that a proactive GC coordination algorithm can further improve the I/O response times by up to 9% and the performance variability by up to 15%. We also observe that it could increase the lifetimes of SSDs with some workloads (e.g. Financial) by reducing the number of block erase counts by up to 79% relative to a reactive algorithm for write-dominant enterprise workloads.

Kim, Youngjae [ORNL] [ORNL; Lee, Junghee [ORNL] [ORNL; Oral, H Sarp [ORNL] [ORNL; Dillow, David A [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Feiyi [ORNL] [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

100-Year Return Value Estimates for Ocean Wind Speed and Significant Wave Height from the ERA-40 Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and time variability of significant wave height and wind speed on the prediction of their extreme values of this dataset makes it ideal for the study of extreme wind and wave phenomena over the whole globe. Initial100-Year Return Value Estimates for Ocean Wind Speed and Significant Wave Height from the ERA-40

Haak, Hein

323

Bifurcation and control of chaos in Induction motor drives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The induction motor controlled by Indirect Field Oriented Control (IFOC) is known to have high performance and better stability. This paper reports the dynamical behavior of an indirect field oriented control (IFOC) induction motor drive in the light of bifurcation theory. The speed of high performance induction motor drive is controlled by IFOC method. The knowledge of qualitative change of the behavior of the motor such as equilibrium points, limit cycles and chaos with the change of motor parameters and load torque are essential for proper control of the motor. This paper provides a numerical approach to understand better the dynamical behavior of an indirect field oriented control of a current-fed induction motor. The focus is on bifurcation analysis of the IFOC motor, with a particular emphasis on the change that affects the dynamics and stability under small variations of Proportional Integral controller (PI) parameters, load torque and k, the ratio of the rotor time constant and its estimate etc. Bifurcation diagrams are computed. This paper also attempts to discuss various types of the transition to chaos in the induction motor. The results of the obtained bifurcation simulations give useful guidelines for adjusting both motor model and PI controller parameters. It is also important to ensure desired operation of the motor when the motor shows chaotic behavior. Infinite numbers of unstable periodic orbits are embedded in a chaotic attractor. Any unstable periodic orbit can be stabilized by proper control algorithm. The delayed feedback control method to control chaos has been implemented in this system.

Krishnendu Chakrabarty; Urmila Kar

2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

324

OUTCOMES FROM THE FRENCH NATIONAL PROJECT DRIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OUTCOMES FROM THE FRENCH NATIONAL PROJECT DRIVE EXPERIMENTAL DATA FOR THE EVALUATION OF HYDROGEN with success a project called DRIVE to the National Research Agency. This project aims at providing procedures and technologies will provide only limited guidance for hydrogen-powered vehicles. That is because

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

METHODS OF RADIO-FREQUENCY CURRENT DRIVE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

METHODS OF RADIO-FREQUENCY CURRENT DRIVE N. J. FISCH* Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory-670 Radio-frequency waves can penetrate thermonuclear plasmas, depositing momentum and energy with great. INTRODUCTION Using radio-frequency (rf) waves to drive the toroidal current in tokamak reactors is attractive

326

Driving Innovation A Satellite Applications TIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driving Innovation A Satellite Applications TIC 8 December 2011 Michael Lawrence Head of Special Projects #12;Driving Innovation SatApps TIC - goal `generating growth across the economy through new satellite enabled business' · Note : overall TIC strategy goal ­ accelerating the commercialisation

327

Courtyard Hanover Lebanon 10 Morgan Drive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Boston Logan International Airport (BOS) Airport Phone:1-800-235-6426 Hotel direction: 111 mile for persons with disabilities· #12;Driving Directions from Airport Lebanon Municipal Airport (LEB) Airport Phone:1-603-298-8878 Hotel direction: 4 mile(s) S Driving directions:From Lebanon Airport to the hotel

Myers, Lawrence C.

328

Electric top drives gain wide industry acceptance  

SciTech Connect

Since its introduction, the top drive drilling system has gained acceptance as a productive and safe method for drilling oil and gas wells. Originally, the system was used mostly for offshore and higher cost land drilling, and it had to be installed as a permanent installation because of its enormous weight and size. Essentially, a top drive replaces the kelly and rotary table as the means of rotating drillpipe on oil, gas and geothermal rigs and is considered to be 15% to 40% more efficient than a kelly drive. Top drive systems allow the operator to drill and maintain directional orientation for triple stands and provide tripping efficiency because of the ability to ream and circulate with triple stands, to reduce the risk of stuck pipe or lost wells, and to improve well control and pipe handling safety. The paper describes electric top drives with DC motors, top drives with AC motors, top drives with permanent magnet motors, and top drives with permanent magnet brushless synchronous motors.

Riahi, M.L.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

High-Speed Traveling-Wave Electroabsorption Modulators Yi-Jen Chiu, Sheng Z. Zhang,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with long devices and lower drive voltages at 1.55µm wavelength. An InGaAsP/InGaAsP MQW traveling, traveling wave design, microwave transmission, high-speed modulation, InGaAsP. 1. INTRODUCTION External the perpendicular electric field which causes a red-shifted optical absorption so that the optical transmission

Bowers, John

330

Development of a variable controlled inertia charging system for naturally aspirated diesel engines in heavy duty trucks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An idea for controlling the inertia charging effect of diesel engines have been developed. Although the conventional inertia charging system can provide an effect in a narrow driving range, the new concept covers the whole range of engine speeds and load conditions. The Hino EK100 naturally aspirated 13.3 dm³ engine equipped with this variable controlled inertia charging system could meet the 1983 Japanese exhaust emission regulation (intensified to 470ppm of NOx on 6 Mode from the original value of 770ppm in 1974) while giving an improved fuel economy. This 199 kw engine is applied to the Hino heavy duty truck named the 'New Super Dolphin (Econo Diesel)'. One of the measures to offset the deterioration of engine performance caused by the reduction of exhaust gas emissions is to improve the combustion characteristics by increasing the excess air ratio. Although inertia charging can provide more excess air for the engine, this system has to have come fixed factors such as tuned pipe length and diameter etc. So the resonance zone is also fixed within a narrow engine speed range. And, moreover, out of such range, the air quantity has been reduced below that experienced without inertia charging. Thus variable control of the inertia charging with a mechanism to change the tuned pipe length is considered for this system. The intake air quantity is thus controlled to improve engine performance over a wide speed range at both full load and partial load. The engine can get a higher brake mean effective pressure of 0.90 MPa at peak torque and also improve fuel consumption even at partial load by reduced intake air quantity for minimizing gas exchange loss.

N. Eguchi; T. Kubodera; T. Otani; K. Usami

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Speed control of switched reluctance motors taking into account mutual inductances and magnetic saturation effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the speed control of switched reluctance motor (SRM) drives taking into account the effects of the mutual inductances between two adjacent phases and the effects of the magnetic saturation of the core. To overcome the problems commonly associated with single-phase excitation, a nonlinear SRM model, which is suitable for two-phase excitation and which takes into account the effects of mutual inductances between two adjacent phases and the magnetic saturation effects, is considered in the design of the proposed controllers. A feedback linearization control scheme and a sliding mode control scheme are designed for this motor drive. The proposed controllers guarantee the convergence of the phase currents and the rotor speed of the motor to their desired values. Simulation results indicate that the proposed controllers work well and that they are robust to changes in the parameters of the system and to changes in the load torque.

M. Alrifai; M. Zribi; M. Rayan; R. Krishnan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Electrifying Your Drive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive April 27, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For anyone who grew up watching The Jetsons (or Back to the Future, depending on your generation), the "Car of the Future!" flew through the skies with the greatest of ease. Although most of us have given up on our hopes of a flying car, anything beyond the internal combustion engine has seemed hopelessly out of reach until recently. However, with several manufacturers planning on producing plug-in and all-electric vehicles, the Car of the Future will be available soon! But before you put down a deposit, it's helpful to understand the different types of electric drive technologies. The most basic form of electric drive

333

Electrifying Your Drive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive Electrifying Your Drive April 27, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For anyone who grew up watching The Jetsons (or Back to the Future, depending on your generation), the "Car of the Future!" flew through the skies with the greatest of ease. Although most of us have given up on our hopes of a flying car, anything beyond the internal combustion engine has seemed hopelessly out of reach until recently. However, with several manufacturers planning on producing plug-in and all-electric vehicles, the Car of the Future will be available soon! But before you put down a deposit, it's helpful to understand the different types of electric drive technologies. The most basic form of electric drive

334

Drilling of wells with top drive unit  

SciTech Connect

Well drilling apparatus including a top drive drilling assembly having a motor driven stem adapted to be attached to the upper end of a drill string and drive it during a drilling operation, a torque wrench carried by the top drive assembly and movable upwardly and downwardly therewith and operable to break a threated connection between the drill string and the stem, and an elevator carried by and suspended from the top drive assembly and adapted to engage a section of drill pipe beneath the torque wrench in suspending relation. The torque wrench and elevator are preferably retained against rotation with the rotary element which drives the drill string, but may be movable vertically relative to that rotary element and relative to one another in a manner actuating the apparatus between various different operating conditions.

Boyadjieff, G.I.

1984-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

335

14 - Doxford low speed engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses low speed diesel engines from Doxford. Doxford is British firm that manufactured the distinctive Doxford opposed-piston (OP) low speed two-stroke engines. Doxford J-type engines were built in long and short stroke versions in bore sizes of 580, 670 and 760 mm, and with three to nine cylinders delivering up to around 20 000 kW. The engine is a single-acting two-stroke opposed-piston type with each cylinder having two pistons that move in opposite directions from a central combustion chamber. The last J-type engines were turbocharged on the constant pressure system following a changeover from the original impulse charging system. Three- and four-cylinder engines have only one turbocharger, mounted at the forward or aft end, while two or three chargers have been fitted to seven-, eight-, and nine-cylinder engines. Between each turbocharger and the engine entablature is a finned-tubed seawater-cooled after cooler. An electric auxiliary blower is provided for slow running or emergency duties. In its final years the company designed and produced the unusual three-cylinder 58JS3C model that developed 4050 kW at 220 rev/min and was specified to power several small containerships. The 58JS3C design was based on the J-type but with refinements addressing the higher rotational speed and relatively short piston stroke.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Permanent magnet generators for renewable energy devices with wide speed range and pulsating power delivery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the design of a direct-drive permanent-magnet generator for use in a novel sea-wave electrical generator. The basic system is briefly described and the target specification derived from the device and the wave tank performance. The design for the brushless permanent-magnet generators is then developed using SPEED PC-BDC and verified using Finite Element Analysis (PC-FEA). A diode bridge model is also tested using Portunus system simulation.

David G. Dorrell

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Estimation of the Design Wind Speed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The modern approach to the specification of the design wind speed favours the explicit format which directly presents the design value of the wind speed instead of hiding the value behind the product of the chara...

Michael Kasperski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Efficient Driving Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Efficient Driving Behaviors to Conserve Fuel on AddThis.com... More in this section... Idle Reduction Parts & Equipment Maintenance Driving Behavior Management Strategies

339

A high-fidelity harmonic drive model.  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a new model of the harmonic drive transmission is presented. The purpose of this work is to better understand the transmission hysteresis behavior while constructing a new type of comprehensive harmonic drive model. The four dominant aspects of harmonic drive behavior - nonlinear viscous friction, nonlinear stiffness, hysteresis, and kinematic error - are all included in the model. The harmonic drive is taken to be a black box, and a dynamometer is used to observe the input/output relations of the transmission. This phenomenological approach does not require any specific knowledge of the internal kinematics. In a novel application, the Maxwell resistive-capacitor hysteresis model is applied to the harmonic drive. In this model, sets of linear stiffness elements in series with Coulomb friction elements are arranged in parallel to capture the hysteresis behavior of the transmission. The causal hysteresis model is combined with nonlinear viscous friction and spectral kinematic error models to accurately represent the harmonic drive behavior. Empirical measurements are presented to quantify all four aspects of the transmission behavior. These measurements motivate the formulation of the complete model. Simulation results are then compared to additional measurements of the harmonic drive performance.

Preissner, C.; Royston, T. J.; Shu, D. (APS Engineering Support Division); ( MCS); (Univ. of Illinois)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Wind speed vertical distribution at Mt Graham  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......October 2010 research-article Papers Wind speed vertical distribution at Mt Graham...characterization of the vertical distribution of wind speed, V(h), is fundamental for an...many different reasons: (i) the wind speed shear contributes to trigger optical......

S. Hagelin; E. Masciadri; F. Lascaux

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

PHYSICS 359 THE SPEED OF LIGHT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHYSICS 359 THE SPEED OF LIGHT INTRODUCTION: The first evidence that light propagates with a finite from or approaching Jupiter. The first accurate measurements of the speed of light were made at a distance of about 9 km. Modern measurements of the speed of light are made by quite different methods

Landstreet, John D.

342

The Speed-of-Light Catastrophe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...July 1989 research-article The Speed-of-Light Catastrophe H. Ardavan It is shown...coordinates, c is the propagation speed of the waves described by the retarded...source moving on a curved path whose speed is in parts smaller and in parts...

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Extending the Constant Power Speed Range of the Brushless DC Motor through Dual Mode Inverter Control -- Part I: Theory and Simulation  

SciTech Connect

An inverter topology and control scheme has been developed that can drive low-inductance, surface-mounted permanent magnet motors over the wide constant power speed range required in electric vehicle applications. This new controller is called the dual-mode inverter control (DMIC) [1]. The DMIC can drive either the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine (PMSM) with sinusoidal back emf, or the brushless dc machine (BDCM) with trapezoidal emf in the motoring and regenerative braking modes. In this paper we concentrate on the BDCM under high-speed motoring conditions. Simulation results show that if all motor and inverter loss mechanisms are neglected, the constant power speed range of the DMIC is infinite. The simulation results are supported by closed form expressions for peak and rms motor current and average power derived from analytical solution to the differential equations governing the DMIC/BDCM drive for the lossless case. The analytical solution shows that the range of motor inductance that can be accommodated by the DMIC is more than an order of magnitude such that the DMIC is compatible with both low- and high-inductance BDCMs. Finally, method is given for integrating the classical hysteresis band current control, used for motor control below base speed, with the phase advance of DMIC that is applied above base speed. The power versus speed performance of the DMIC is then simulated across the entire speed range.

Lawler, J.S.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

344

Redshift drift in varying speed of light cosmology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We derive a redshift drift formula within the framework of varying speed of light (VSL) theory using the specific ansatz for the variability of c ( t ) = c 0 a n ( t ) . We show that negative values of the parameter n, which correspond to diminishing value of the speed of light during the evolution of the universe, effectively rescale dust matter to become little negative pressure matter, and the cosmological constant to became phantom. Positive values of n (growing c ( t ) ) make VSL model to become more like Cold Dark Matter (CDM) model. Observationally, there is a distinction between the VSL model and the ?CDM model for the admissible values of the parameter n ? ? 10 ? 5 , though it will be rather difficult to detect by planned extremely large telescopes (EELT, TMT, GMT) within their accuracy.

Adam Balcerzak; Mariusz P. Da?browski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Vision and Inertial Sensor Based Drive Trains Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inertial Sensor Based Drive Trains Control by Haifei Cheng AInertial Sensor Based Drive Trains Control c 2010 by HaifeiInertial Sensor Based Drive Trains Control by Haifei Cheng

Cheng, Haifei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Controls on spatial and temporal variability in Northern Hemisphere terrestrial snow melt timing, 1979-2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spring snow melt onset has occurred earlier across much of Northern Hemisphere lands in the last four decades. Understanding the mechanisms driving spring melt has remained a challenge, particularly in its spatial and temporal variability. Here, ...

J. R. Mioduszewski; A. K. Rennermalm; D. A. Robinson; L. Wang

347

Driving Efficiencies Track | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Driving Efficiencies Track Tuesday April 17, 2012 From E-Mail to "The Stream" by Don Burke Taking Records Inventory Into the 21st Century by Lorie A. Robb Engineering and Operations Control: Embrace the Culture by Cheryl Bolen IT Project Management Framework by Denise Hill Wednesday April 18, 2012 Records Warehouse Operations and Records Storage for External Customers by Karen Hatch Preservation of Long-Term Temporary Records by Jeanie Gueretta Mobile Initiatives Effecting Change at Hanford by Don Stewart DOE's CIO's EWA by Sarah Gamage, Don Schade and Alan Andon Green IT 2012: Sustainable Electronics by Edwin Luevanos and Jeff Eagan Thursday April 19, 2012 Document Management and Control System by Melissa Ruth

348

Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. Kurani, “Car Buyers and Fuel Economy? ” Energy Policy,Fuel Economy: What Drives Consumer Choice? BY TOMa car, do they think about fuel costs over time, are they

Turrentine, Tom; Kurani, Kenneth; Heffner, Rusty

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Image fusion for a nighttime driving display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An investigation into image fusion for a nighttime driving display application was performed. Most of the image fusion techniques being investigated in this application were developed for other purposes. When comparing the ...

Herrington, William Frederick

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Vehicle Technologies Office: Electric Drive Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Advanced power electronics and electric motors (APEEM) that make up vehicles' electric drive system are essential to hybrid and plug-in electric vehicles. As such, improvements in these...

351

Modeling driving decisions with latent plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driving is a complex task that includes a series of interdependent decisions. In many situations, these decisions are based on a specific plan. The plan is however unobserved or latent and only the manifestations of the ...

Choudhury, Charisma Farheen, 1978-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Safe Tractor Operation: Driving on Highways  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

About 50 tractor drivers are killed each year in collisions with other vehicles on public roads. Many of these accidents could be prevented. This publication describes the legal requirements for operating a tractor on public roads, safe driving...

Smith, David

2004-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

353

First-Of-Its-Kind Search Engine Will Speed Materials Research | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First-Of-Its-Kind Search Engine Will Speed Materials Research First-Of-Its-Kind Search Engine Will Speed Materials Research First-Of-Its-Kind Search Engine Will Speed Materials Research November 3, 2011 - 1:05pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Researchers from the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) jointly launched today a groundbreaking new online tool called the Materials Project, which operates like a "Google" of material properties, enabling scientists and engineers from universities, national laboratories and private industry to accelerate the development of new materials, including critical materials. "By accelerating the development of new materials, we can drive discoveries that not only help power clean energy, but also are used in

354

First-Of-Its-Kind Search Engine Will Speed Materials Research | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

First-Of-Its-Kind Search Engine Will Speed Materials Research First-Of-Its-Kind Search Engine Will Speed Materials Research First-Of-Its-Kind Search Engine Will Speed Materials Research November 3, 2011 - 1:05pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - Researchers from the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) jointly launched today a groundbreaking new online tool called the Materials Project, which operates like a "Google" of material properties, enabling scientists and engineers from universities, national laboratories and private industry to accelerate the development of new materials, including critical materials. "By accelerating the development of new materials, we can drive discoveries that not only help power clean energy, but also are used in

355

Frequency modulation drive for a piezoelectric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piezoelectric motor has peak performance at a specific frequency f.sub.1 that may vary over a range of frequencies. A drive system is disclosed for operating such a motor at peak performance without feedback. The drive system consists of the motor and an ac source connected to power the motor, the ac source repeatedly generating a frequency over a range from f.sub.1 -.DELTA.x to f.sub.1 +.DELTA.y.

Mittas, Anthony (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Power threshold for neutral beam current drive  

SciTech Connect

For fully noninductive current drive in tokamaks using neutral beams, there is a power and density threshold condition, setting a minimum value for P{sup 3/2}/n{sup 2}. If this condition is not met, stationary state cannot occur, and a tokamak discharge will collapse. This is a consequence of the coupling between current and electron temperature, or between current drive efficiency and energy confinement time. 4 figs.

Politzer, P.A. (General Atomics, San Diego, CA (USA)); Porter, G.D. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA))

1989-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

357

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide Plug-in Capability for PHEVs Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide Plug-in Capability...

358

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

359

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles High-Voltage Solid Polymer Batteries for Electric Drive Vehicles 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and...

360

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) Computer-Aided Engineering for Electric Drive Vehicle Batteries (CAEBAT) 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Impact of Driving Behavior on PHEV Fuel Consumption for Different...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Driving Behavior on PHEV Fuel Consumption for Different Powertrain, Component Sizes and Control Impact of Driving Behavior on PHEV Fuel Consumption for Different Powertrain,...

362

EV Everywhere Electric Drive Workshop: Preliminary Target-Setting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Drive Workshop: Preliminary Target-Setting Framework EV Everywhere Electric Drive Workshop: Preliminary Target-Setting Framework Presentation given at the EV Everywhere...

363

Center for Electric Drive Transportation at the University of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Electric Drive Transportation at the University of Michigan - Dearborn Center for Electric Drive Transportation at the University of Michigan - Dearborn 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel...

364

Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components Testbed (EDAB...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Review and Peer Evaluation vss033carlson2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Electric Drive and Advanced Battery and Components Testbed (EDAB) Electric Drive and Advanced...

365

How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency How Exhaust Emissions Drive Diesel Engine Fuel Efficiency 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference...

366

High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual...

367

California and Connecticut: National Fuel Cell Bus Programs Drive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

California and Connecticut: National Fuel Cell Bus Programs Drive Fuel Economy Higher California and Connecticut: National Fuel Cell Bus Programs Drive Fuel Economy Higher August...

368

Energy Department Announces $53 Million to Drive Innovation,...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Energy Department Announces 53 Million to Drive Innovation, Cut Cost of Solar Power Energy Department Announces 53 Million to Drive Innovation, Cut Cost of Solar Power October...

369

EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Introduction for Electric Drive...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Introduction for Electric Drive Workshop EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Introduction for Electric Drive Workshop Presentation given by EERE Assistant Secretary David Danielson at...

370

US DRIVE Vehicle Systems and Analysis Technical Team Roadmap...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

US DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy Sustainability Partnership Plan Vehicle Technologies Office: 2013 Vehicle and Systems Simulation...

371

Radial-Gap Permanent Magnet Motor and Drive Research FY 2004  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this task was to study permanent magnet (PM) radial-gap traction drive systems that could meet the U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR Program's 2010 goals to expose weaknesses or identify strengths. Initially, the approach was to compare attributes such as physical deformations during operation, performance (torque, power, efficiency versus speed), material requirements (strength), material costs, manufacturability, weight, power density, specific power, reliability, and drivability for specific motors. Three motors selected were the commercially available 60-kW radial-gap surface-mounted PM motor manufactured by UQM Technologies, Inc.; a hypothetical PM motor with rotor-supported magnets similar to the Honda MCF-21; and Delphi's automotive electric machine drive motor, whose rotor is a ferromagnetic cylinder, held at one end by a shaft that supports the magnets on its inner surface. Potential problems have appeared related to PM motors, such as (1) high no-load spin losses and high operational power losses, probably from eddy current losses in the rotor; (2) the undemonstrated dual mode inverter control (DMIC) for driving a brushless dc motor (BDCM) (UQM and Delphi motors); (3) uncertainty about the potential for reducing current with DMIC; and (4) uncertainty about the relation between material requirements and maximum rotor speed. Therefore, the approach was changed to study in detail three of the comparison attributes: drivability, performance, and material requirements. Drivability and related problems were examined by demonstrating that DMIC may be used to drive an 18-pole 30-kW PM motor to 6000 rpm, where the maximum electrical frequency is 900 Hz. An available axial-gap test motor with 18 poles was used because its control is identical to that of a radial gap PM motor. Performance was analytically examined, which led to a derivation showing that DMIC controls a PM motor so that the motor uses minimum current to produce any power regardless of speed for relative speeds, n = {omega}/{omega}{sub base} {ge} 2. Performance was also examined with efficiency measurements during the 30-kW PM motor test. Material requirements were examined with finite-element analyses (FEA) to determine the speed and location where yield starts and the corresponding deformations and stresses.

McKeever, J.W.

2005-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

372

US DRIVE Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle Efficiency and Energy Sustainability Partnership Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document describes the vision, mission, scope, and governing policies of the U.S. DRIVE Partnership (“Partnership”). Dated December 2014.

373

High speed sampler and demultiplexer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed sampling demultiplexer based on a plurality of sampler banks, each bank comprising a sample transmission line for transmitting an input signal, a strobe transmission line for transmitting a strobe signal, and a plurality of sampling gates at respective positions along the sample transmission line for sampling the input signal in response to the strobe signal. Strobe control circuitry is coupled to the plurality of banks, and supplies a sequence of bank strobe signals to the strobe transmission lines in each of the plurality of banks, and includes circuits for controlling the timing of the bank strobe signals among the banks of samplers. Input circuitry is included for supplying the input signal to be sampled to the plurality of sample transmission lines in the respective banks. The strobe control circuitry can repetitively strobe the plurality of banks of samplers such that the banks of samplers are cycled to create a long sample length. Second tier demultiplexing circuitry is coupled to each of the samplers in the plurality of banks. The second tier demultiplexing circuitry senses the sample taken by the corresponding sampler each time the bank in which the sampler is found is strobed. A plurality of such samples can be stored by the second tier demultiplexing circuitry for later processing. Repetitive sampling with the high speed transient sampler induces an effect known as "strobe kickout". The sample transmission lines include structures which reduce strobe kickout to acceptable levels, generally 60 dB below the signal, by absorbing the kickout pulses before the next sampling repetition.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

High speed sampler and demultiplexer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed sampling demultiplexer based on a plurality of sampler banks, each bank comprising a sample transmission line for transmitting an input signal, a strobe transmission line for transmitting a strobe signal, and a plurality of sampling gates at respective positions along the sample transmission line for sampling the input signal in response to the strobe signal. Strobe control circuitry is coupled to the plurality of banks, and supplies a sequence of bank strobe signals to the strobe transmission lines in each of the plurality of banks, and includes circuits for controlling the timing of the bank strobe signals among the banks of samplers. Input circuitry is included for supplying the input signal to be sampled to the plurality of sample transmission lines in the respective banks. The strobe control circuitry can repetitively strobe the plurality of banks of samplers such that the banks of samplers are cycled to create a long sample length. Second tier demultiplexing circuitry is coupled to each of the samplers in the plurality of banks. The second tier demultiplexing circuitry senses the sample taken by the corresponding sampler each time the bank in which the sampler is found is strobed. A plurality of such samples can be stored by the second tier demultiplexing circuitry for later processing. Repetitive sampling with the high speed transient sampler induces an effect known as ``strobe kickout``. The sample transmission lines include structures which reduce strobe kickout to acceptable levels, generally 60 dB below the signal, by absorbing the kickout pulses before the next sampling repetition. 16 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

375

Study of the Advantages of Internal Permanent Magnet Drive Motor with Selectable Windings for Hybrid-Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research performed on the viability of changing the effectively active number of turns in the stator windings of an internal permanent magnet (IPM) electric motor to strengthen or weaken the magnetic fields in order to optimize the motor's performance at specific operating speeds and loads. Analytical and simulation studies have been complemented with research on switching mechanisms to accomplish the task. The simulation studies conducted examine the power and energy demands on a vehicle following a series of standard driving cycles and the impact on the efficiency and battery size of an electrically propelled vehicle when it uses an IPM motor with turn-switching capabilities. Both full driving cycle electric propulsion and propulsion limited starting from zero to a set speed have been investigated.

Otaduy, P.J.; Hsu, J.S.; Adams, D.J.

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

376

Joint interpretation of on-board vision and static GPS cartography for determination of correct speed limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here a first prototype of a "Speed Limit Support" Advance Driving Assistance System (ADAS) producing permanent reliable information on the current speed limit applicable to the vehicle. Such a module can be used either for information of the driver, or could even serve for automatic setting of the maximum speed of a smart Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). Our system is based on a joint interpretation of cartographic information (for static reference information) with on-board vision, used for traffic sign detection and recognition (including supplementary sub-signs) and visual road lines localization (for detection of lane changes). The visual traffic sign detection part is quite robust (90% global correct detection and recognition for main speed signs, and 80% for exit-lane sub-signs detection). Our approach for joint interpretation with cartography is original, and logic-based rather than probability-based, which allows correct behaviour even in cases, which do happen, when both vision and cartograp...

Bargeton, Alexandre; Nashashibi, Fawzi; Puthon, Anne-Sophie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

High-Pressure Flame Speed Measurements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

addition on flame speeds of hydrocarbon fuels 3. Soot formation and explosive gasification in burning droplets of dieselbiodieselethanol blends C. K. Law Princeton...

378

Plan to speed up drug review approved  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plan to speed up drug review approved ... Proposed changes in the New Drug Application procedure will shorten review times, reduce paperwork, and save money ...

DAVID HANSON

1982-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

379

Wind Speed Prediction Via Time Series Modeling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Projected construction of nearby wind farms motivates this study of statistical forecasting of wind speed, for which accurate prediction is critically important to the fluid… (more)

Alexander, Daniel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

High-speed digital color imaging pyrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperature measurements of high-explosive and combustion processes are difficult to obtain due to the speed and environment of the events. To overcome these challenges, we have...

Densmore, John M; Biss, Matthew M; McNesby, Kevin L; Homan, Barrie E

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

DistributionDrive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DistributionDrive DistributionDrive Jump to: navigation, search Name DistributionDrive Place Addison, Texas Zip 75001 Product Supplier of Biodiesel, Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO), Recycled Vegetable Oil (WVO) and Engine Conversion Kits to use this fuels. Coordinates 38.477365°, -80.412149° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.477365,"lon":-80.412149,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

382

Drive Less, Save More | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More May 24, 2011 - 12:31pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For someone who works in the Vehicle Technologies Program, I actually don't spend that much time in my automobile. I usually get around using a combination of public transit, my bike, and my own two feet. But I'm an exception. In the U.S., the vehicle miles travelled per person is actually twice as high as it is in Western Europe and three times higher than in Japan. However, alternatives to using your car have a wealth of benefits. In addition to reducing petroleum consumption, they can lower greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, decrease stress, and bring communities together. Fortunately, there are a variety of ways to minimize the distance

383

Drive Less, Save More | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More Drive Less, Save More May 24, 2011 - 12:31pm Addthis Shannon Brescher Shea Communications Manager, Clean Cities Program For someone who works in the Vehicle Technologies Program, I actually don't spend that much time in my automobile. I usually get around using a combination of public transit, my bike, and my own two feet. But I'm an exception. In the U.S., the vehicle miles travelled per person is actually twice as high as it is in Western Europe and three times higher than in Japan. However, alternatives to using your car have a wealth of benefits. In addition to reducing petroleum consumption, they can lower greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, decrease stress, and bring communities together. Fortunately, there are a variety of ways to minimize the distance

384

Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition Stories of Discovery & Innovation Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition Enlarge Photo Getty Images Bitmap indices translate variable values into strings of bits, or 1's and 0's. These indices tend to be very efficient because computer processors are optimized to perform so-called logical operations on bits. Enlarge Photo Illustration: A. Tovey Source: Wu, Otto, and 05.31.11 Superfast Search Engine Speeds Past the Competition Software developed for analyzing physics data finds powerful commercial applications. Our world is increasingly data-driven, whether we are searching for information on our home computer, accessing databases for everything from medical records to financial data, or scanning the depths of outer

385

High speed imager test station  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A test station enables the performance of a solid state imager (herein called a focal plane array or FPA) to be determined at high image frame rates. A programmable waveform generator is adapted to generate clock pulses at determinable rates for clock light-induced charges from a FPA. The FPA is mounted on an imager header board for placing the imager in operable proximity to level shifters for receiving the clock pulses and outputting pulses effective to clock charge from the pixels forming the FPA. Each of the clock level shifters is driven by leading and trailing edge portions of the clock pulses to reduce power dissipation in the FPA. Analog circuits receive output charge pulses clocked from the FPA pixels. The analog circuits condition the charge pulses to cancel noise in the pulses and to determine and hold a peak value of the charge for digitizing. A high speed digitizer receives the peak signal value and outputs a digital representation of each one of the charge pulses. A video system then displays an image associated with the digital representation of the output charge pulses clocked from the FPA. In one embodiment, the FPA image is formatted to a standard video format for display on conventional video equipment. 12 figs.

Yates, G.J.; Albright, K.L.; Turko, B.T.

1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

386

High speed imager test station  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A test station enables the performance of a solid state imager (herein called a focal plane array or FPA) to be determined at high image frame rates. A programmable waveform generator is adapted to generate clock pulses at determinable rates for clock light-induced charges from a FPA. The FPA is mounted on an imager header board for placing the imager in operable proximity to level shifters for receiving the clock pulses and outputting pulses effective to clock charge from the pixels forming the FPA. Each of the clock level shifters is driven by leading and trailing edge portions of the clock pulses to reduce power dissipation in the FPA. Analog circuits receive output charge pulses clocked from the FPA pixels. The analog circuits condition the charge pulses to cancel noise in the pulses and to determine and hold a peak value of the charge for digitizing. A high speed digitizer receives the peak signal value and outputs a digital representation of each one of the charge pulses. A video system then displays an image associated with the digital representation of the output charge pulses clocked from the FPA. In one embodiment, the FPA image is formatted to a standard video format for display on conventional video equipment.

Yates, George J. (Santa Fe, NM); Albright, Kevin L. (Los Alamos, NM); Turko, Bojan T. (Moraga, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Microsoft Word - ORNL Hard Drives Final 08132010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Inspections and Special Inquires Inspections and Special Inquires Inspection Report Internal Controls over Computer Hard Drives at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory INS-O-10-03 August 2010 Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 August 16, 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR THE DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF SCIENCE FROM: Sandra D. Bruce Assistant Inspector General for Inspections and Special Inquiries SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Internal Controls over Computer Hard Drives at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory" BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's (Department) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak

388

Reliability models of wind farms considering wind speed correlation and WTG outage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wind speed correlation and wind turbine generator (WTG) outage are two factors affecting the reliability model of wind farms, but they are not addressed simultaneously in the existing literature. Meanwhile, WTG outage is reported to be dependent with wind speed to some extent. Therefore, the extended reliability models of wind farms incorporating both of these two factors and the dependency between WTG outage and wind speed are proposed in this paper. To consider the uncertainties and dependencies of wind speed and WTG failure, Copula method is applied to simulate correlated random variables representing for wind speed and the number of failed WTG units. Moreover, the linear apportioning technique is used to create multistate reliability models of wind farms from hourly wind power models. A number of sensitivity analyses on the modified IEEE RTS with wind power are conducted to validate the proposed reliability models for generation adequacy assessment. Case studies show that the generation adequacy indices increase with the correlation of wind speed and WTG forced outage rate (FOR). It is meaningful to point out that the effect of dependency between wind speed and WTG FOR on generation adequacy is minimal when WTG outages are independent, but it will be substantially larger when WTG outages are highly dependent. The proposed multistate reliability models of wind farms provide foundation for the reliability assessment of power systems with wind power integrated.

Fan Chen; Fangxing Li; Zhinong Wei; Guoqiang Sun; Jun Li

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Heuristic correction of wind speed mesoscale models simulations for wind farms prospecting and micrositing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The distribution of surface-level wind speeds over a given area is important information that is related to several processes in wind farm prospecting, design and micrositing. This information is often obtained from simulations using mesoscale models that take variables from global models as starting points. Improved outputs from mesoscale models can lead to reduced error compared to real wind speeds in the study area if in situ wind speed measurements are available. In this paper, we present several techniques to correct surface wind speed simulations from mesoscale models using data from measuring stations in wind farms. Specifically, we propose different heuristic corrections of the outputs from mesoscale models by means of surface fitting between the Weibull parameters of the wind speed series (from the mesoscale model) and those from the measuring stations (real wind speed) in the wind farm. The proposed methodology has direct applications in wind farm design, site prospection and micrositing. The good performance of our method is evident in the more accurate surface wind speeds obtained from mesoscale models in two wind farm prospection sites in Spain, where several measuring towers are installed.

B. Saavedra-Moreno; S. Salcedo-Sanz; C. Casanova-Mateo; J.A. Portilla-Figueras; L. Prieto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Sensors and Actuators A 132 (2006) 139146 MEMS based digital variable capacitors with a high-k dielectric insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; Digital variable capacitor; High-k dielectric; Charge injection 1. Introduction Radio-frequency (RF]. The other one is the area tuning variable capacitor typically using a comb-drive structure which is normallySensors and Actuators A 132 (2006) 139­146 MEMS based digital variable capacitors with a high

Fleck, Norman A.

391

Extended Constant Power Speed Range of the Brushless DC Motor Through Dual Mode Inverter Control  

SciTech Connect

The trapezoidal back electromotive force (emf) brushless direct current (dc) motor (BDCM) with surface-mounted magnets has high-power density and efficiency especially when rare-earth magnet materials are used. Traction applications, such as electric vehicles, could benefit significantly from the use of such motors. Unfortunately, a practical means for driving the motor over a constant power speed ratio (CPSR) of 5:1 or more has not yet been developed. A key feature of these motors is that they have low internal inductance. The phase advance method is effective in controlling the motor power over such a speed range, but the current at high speed may be several times greater than that required at the base speed. The increase in current during high-speed operation is due to the low motor inductance and the action of the bypass diodes of the inverter. The use of such a control would require increased current rating of the inverter semiconductors and additional cooling for the inverter, where the conduction losses increase proportionally with current, and especially for the motor, where the losses increase with the square of the current. The high current problems of phase advance can be mitigated by adding series inductance; however, this reduces power density, requires significant increase in supply voltage, and leaves the CPSR performance of the system highly sensitive to variations in the available voltage. A new inverter topology and control scheme has been developed that can drive low-inductance BDCMs over the CPSR that would be required in electric vehicle applications. This new controller is called the dual-mode inverter control (DMIC). It is shown that the BDCM has an infinite CPSR when it is driven by the DMIC.

Lawler, J.S.

2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

392

Relationship between design speed and operating speed at horizontal curves on suburban arterials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DESIGN SPEED AND OPERATING SPEED AT HORIZONTAL CURVES ON SUBURBAN ARTERIALS A Thesis by CARL BRIAN SHAMBURGER Submitted to the OIIice of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1995 Major Subject: Civil Engineering RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DESIGN SPEED AND OPERATING SPEED AT HORIZONTAL CURVES ON SUBURBAN ARTERIALS A Thesis by CARL BRIAN SHAMBURGER Submitted to Texas A&M University...

Shamburger, Carl Brian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

393

Measuring the Impacts of Speed Reduction Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Seoud, Edward Anderson #12;Background Identified as a problem area Sharp curve & excessive speed High crash;Comparison of Mean Zones - Southbound, Commercial Vehicles 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 -1300 -1100 -900-70 Speed Category Before After #12;At nearest rest area

Bertini, Robert L.

394

Aeroacoustic sources of high speed maglev trains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Noise has been identified as a potential source of concern associated with the introduction of high speed maglev trains into the existing transportation system in the United States. The first operational maglev systems have been shown to generate high noise levels at high speeds with noise levels over 100 dBA at 25 m typical for the maximum cruising speeds. At speeds greater than 150 miles per hour the dominant noise source is of aerodynamic origin proportional to the 6th power of velocity at high speeds and 8th power dependency at very high speeds. An investigation of the noisegenerated by maglev systems was conducted to determine noise sources develop noise criteria for high speed maglev systems prepare design guidelines for noise control and recommend an acoustic test facility for maglev research. This paper describes the findings of the study including recommendations for further research to develop a better understanding of the aerodynamic soundgeneration associated with high speed maglev operations. [Work performed under contract to U.S. Department of Transportation as part of the National Maglev Initiative.

Carl E. Hanson

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

On the constancy of light speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Method given for intuitively visualizing constancy of light speed. Using mass-energy equivalence, we can show with the help of simple thought experiments, that velocity time dilation and gravitational time dilation are a necessary consequence of principle of relativity. Speed of light is discussed in the context of each kind of time dilation.

Abdul Rouf

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjustable electric drives Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

drives Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: adjustable electric drives...

397

Fact #719: March 19, 2012 Nearly 14% of New Car Sales have Continuously Variable Transmissions  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Continuously variable transmissions (CVT) offer an infinite number of gear ratios that allow the engine to operate near peak efficiency throughout a wide range of vehicle speeds which improves fuel...

398

Variable Light-Cone Theory of Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show how to reformulate Variable Speed of Light Theories (VSLT) in a covariant fashion as Variable Light-Cone Theories (VLCT) by introducing two vierbein bundles each associated with a distinct metric. The basic gravitational action relates to one bundle while matter propagates relative to the other in a conventional way. The variability of the speed of light is represented by the variability of the matter light-cone relative to the gravitational light-cone. The two bundles are related locally by an element M, of SL(4,R). The dynamics of the field M is that of a SL(4,R)-sigma model gauged with respect to local (orthochronous) Lorentz transformations on each of the bundles. Only the ``massless'' version of the model with a single new coupling, F, that has the same dimensions as Newton's constant $G_N$, is considered in this paper. When F vanishes the theory reduces to standard General Relativity. We verify that the modified Bianchi identities of the model are consistent with the standard conservation law for the matter energy-momentum tensor in its own background metric. The implications of the model for some simple applications are examined, the Newtonian limit, the flat FRW universe and the spherically symmetric static solution.

I. T. Drummond

1999-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

399

Variation of Langmuir wave polarization with electron beam speed in type III radio bursts  

SciTech Connect

Observations by the twin STEREO spacecraft of in-situ electric field waveforms and radio signatures associated with type III radio bursts have demonstrated that the polarization of electron beam-driven waves near the local plasma frequency depends strongly on the speed of the driving electron beam. We expand upon a previous study by including all radio bursts with in-situ waveforms observed by STEREO in 2011. The expanded data set contains five times more radio bursts (35 up from 7) and three times as many Langmuir waves (663 up from 168). While this expanded study supports the results of the original study, that faster (slower) beam electrons drive waves with strong (weak) electric fields perpendicular to the local magnetic field, the larger data set emphasizes that the observation of strong perpendicular electric fields at high electron beam speeds is probabilistic rather than definite. This property supports the interpretation of wave polarization dependence on beam speed as Langmuir/z-mode waves shifted to small wave number through interaction with turbulent solar wind density fluctuations.

Malaspina, David M. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States); Cairns, Iver H. [School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006 (Australia); Ergun, Robert E. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States) and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States)

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

400

Predicting Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy as a Function of Highway Speed  

SciTech Connect

The www.fueleconomy.gov website offers information such as window label fuel economy for city, highway, and combined driving for all U.S.-legal light-duty vehicles from 1984 to the present. The site is jointly maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and also offers a considerable amount of consumer information and advice pertaining to vehicle fuel economy and energy related issues. Included with advice pertaining to driving styles and habits is information concerning the trend that as highway cruising speed is increased, fuel economy will degrade. An effort was undertaken to quantify this conventional wisdom through analysis of dynamometer testing results for 74 vehicles at steady state speeds from 50 to 80 mph. Using this experimental data, several simple models were developed to predict individual vehicle fuel economy and its rate of change over the 50-80 mph speed range interval. The models presented require a minimal number of vehicle attributes. The simplest model requires only the EPA window label highway mpg value (based on the EPA specified estimation method for 2008 and beyond). The most complex of these simple model uses vehicle coast-down test coefficients (from testing prescribed by SAE Standard J2263) known as the vehicle Target Coefficients, and the raw fuel economy result from the federal highway test. Statistical comparisons of these models and discussions of their expected usefulness and limitations are offered.

Thomas, John F [ORNL; Hwang, Ho-Ling [ORNL; West, Brian H [ORNL; Huff, Shean P [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A modified split-supply switched-reluctance drive inverter  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the application of a new simple voltage-boosting feature to split-supply SR (switched-reluctance) inverter. As its name implies, the SR motor always operates in switching mode and has distinct motoring and generating rotor angular regions. The effectiveness of the energy conversion process of SR motor depends basically on the ability of its inverter to inject adequate current during the positive-torque angular region and to reduce the current to negligible value during negative-torque angular region. The modified inverter effectively generates boost voltages for accelerating current build-up and decay and hence enhances the performance of SR drives. Benefits of the added boosting include: higher average current, better energy recovery during commutation and a wider feasible speed range. This paper will assess the implications of the boost feature on inverter cost and performance. A time-stepping simulation procedure which includes the modelling of current overlapping between phases will be presented together with simulation results.

Chan, S.; Omar, A.M. [Mara Inst. of Tech., Selangor (Malaysia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

402

The making of driving cultures Jane Moeckli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and traffic safety as effects of culture. In order to understand culture's role in shaping driving behavior of culture. We argue that how the traffic safety community defines culture dictates courses of action taken traffic safety. It is our hope that these suggestions will expand the definition of culture to better

Lee, John D.

403

Hard Drive Power Consumption Uncovered Computer Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hard Drive Power Consumption Uncovered Computer Laboratory Digital Technology Group Anthony Hylick, Andrew Rice, Brian Jones, Ripduman Sohan Motivation Attempts to reduce power consumption have mainly of power consumption and identify the need for a more expressive API between the OS and hardware devices

Cambridge, University of

404

COMMITMENT & INTEGRITY DRIVE RESULTS Industry, Nonprofit,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-containing particles in wastewater. #12;000000.00 3COMMITMENT & INTEGRITY DRIVE RESULTS My Industry Experience 6 years, drinking water, sanitary wastewater, industrial wastewater, and stormwater Worked for private industry of waste, materials storage, product recycling, remediation, property transfers Internal Pressures Profit

Lipson, Michal

405

Safety Considerations When Driving on Rural Roads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

procedures to follow. Characteristics of rural or forest roads Extra caution is required when driving-moving vehicles, animals, debris) · Unusually steep hills or sharp curves Since help may often be difficult.Agricultural or prescribed forest burning may produce smoke on roads. Hazard: Approaching vehicles, livestock or wild animals

Vivoni, Enrique R.

406

Recent Transitions in Ethiopian Homegarden Agroforestry: Driving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the system dynamics shows that all underlying driving forces interact with each other and cause change, shrinking farm size, poverty and a new market situation and has gradually been changing towards monoculture production of khat (Catha edulis) and eucalyptus species. The consequence of the transitions on ecology

407

Program assists steam drive design project  

SciTech Connect

A new program for the HP-41CV programmable calculator will compute all parameters required for a steam drive project design. The Marx and Langenheim model assumptions are used to solve a more advanced version of the Myhill and Stegemeier model. Also, the Mandl and Volek model assuptions are used to compute the size of the steam zone.

Mendez, A.A.

1984-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

408

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Texas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

409

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nebraska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

410

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maine Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

411

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Federal Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

412

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Florida Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

413

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Iowa Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

414

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Maryland Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

415

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alaska Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

416

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Vermont Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

417

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: January 15, 2: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences on AddThis.com... Fact #452: January 15, 2007 Driving Differences Those living in the center city drive fewer miles in a day than those in

418

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Indiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

419

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Delaware Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

420

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wyoming Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oklahoma Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

422

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hawaii Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

423

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Virginia Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

424

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Tennessee Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

425

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Oregon Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

426

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Minnesota Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

427

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Missouri Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

428

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Utah Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

429

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Idaho Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

430

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Illinois Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

431

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kentucky Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

432

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Louisiana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

433

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Arizona Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

434

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Nevada Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

435

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Montana Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

436

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Colorado Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

437

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Kansas Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

438

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Wisconsin Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling

439

Drive piston assembly for a valve actuator assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A drive piston assembly is provided that is operable to selectively open a poppet valve. The drive piston assembly includes a cartridge defining a generally stepped bore. A drive piston is movable within the generally stepped bore and a boost sleeve is coaxially disposed with respect to the drive piston. A main fluid chamber is at least partially defined by the generally stepped bore, drive piston, and boost sleeve. First and second feedback chambers are at least partially defined by the drive piston and each are disposed at opposite ends of the drive piston. At least one of the drive piston and the boost sleeve is sufficiently configured to move within the generally stepped bore in response to fluid pressure within the main fluid chamber to selectively open the poppet valve. A valve actuator assembly and engine are also provided incorporating the disclosed drive piston assembly.

Sun, Zongxuan (Troy, MI)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

440

Predictions of fast wave heating, current drive, and current drive antenna arrays for advanced tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the advanced tokamak program is to optimize plasma performance leading to a compact tokamak reactor through active, steady state control of the current profile using non-inductive current drive and profile control. To achieve these objectives requires compatibility and flexibility in the use of available heating and current drive systems--ion cyclotron radio frequency (ICRF), neutral beams, and lower hybrid. For any advanced tokamak, the following are important challenges to effective use of fast waves in various roles of direct electron heating, minority ion heating, and current drive: (1) to employ the heating and current drive systems to give self-consistent pressure and current profiles leading to the desired advanced tokamak operating modes; (2) to minimize absorption of the fast waves by parasitic resonances, which limit current drive; (3) to optimize and control the spectrum of fast waves launched by the antenna array for the required mix of simultaneous heating and current drive. The authors have addressed these issues using theoretical and computational tools developed at a number of institutions by benchmarking the computations against available experimental data and applying them to the specific case of TPX.

Batchelor, D.B.; Baity, F.W.; Carter, M.D. [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Beam(m) 0.6 Depth(m) 0.6 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The 2-Foot Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel is a vertical plane, closed recirculating, variable-speed, variable-pressure, open jet test section, closed jet test section, and semi-rectangular test section. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 17 Recirculating Yes

442

Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Beam(m) 0.7 Depth(m) 0.7 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel is a vertical plane, closed recirculating with resorber, variable-speed, variable-pressure, two interchangeable circular test sections. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Velocity(m/s) 25.8 Recirculating Yes Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None

443

Argonne's GREET Model - Driving Transportation Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving Driving Transportation Solutions Model Argonne's GREET D r i v i n g Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n S o l u t i o n s ARGONNE'S GREET Argonne's GREET model is widely recognized as the "gold standard" for evaluating and comparing the energy and environmental impacts of transportation fuels and advanced vehicles. The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model is a one-of-a-kind analytical tool that simulates the energy use and emissions output of various vehicle and fuel combinations. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the free software program gives researchers the unique ability to analyze technologies over an entire life cycle - from well to wheels and from raw material mining to vehicle disposal.

444

Supertruck - Development and Demonstration of a Fuel-Efficient...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Evaluation at Fully Loaded Drive Cycle (65,000 lb vehicle weight) * VVA * Turbo optimization * Low Friction components * Variable Oil Pump * Variable Speed Water Pump *...

445

Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Speeding Up Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Speeding Up Zeolite Evaluation for Carbon Capture Zeolite.png Schematic of an important class of porous materials known as zeolites. The large red structure in the center of this periodic structure is a cavity that might be a good candidate for adsorption of a gas such as carbon dioxide. The seven small red areas at the corners (plus the one hidden by the yellow ball) are not suitable and need to be eliminated from studies that attempt to predict guest-related properties using molecular simulation techniques. A new method developed at NERSC uses software to differentiate between suitable and unsuitable pockets, thereby speeding up discovery of new materials. Why it Matters: Capturing and sequestering waste carbon dioxide (CO2) is a

446

Low Speed Unsteady Aerodynamics Soumitra Banerjee*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Low Speed Unsteady Aerodynamics Soumitra Banerjee* Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, 24061 Unsteady aerodynamics is the study of fluid flow, where the flow field changes with time. The unsteadiness is significant in many aerodynamic applications; few examples

Patil, Mayuresh

447

Wind Speed Forecasting for Power System Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to support large-scale integration of wind power into current electric energy system, accurate wind speed forecasting is essential, because the high variation and limited predictability of wind pose profound challenges to the power system...

Zhu, Xinxin

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

448

Clinton plan to speed cancer drug approval  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Clinton plan to speed cancer drug approval ... Accelerated approval and three other proposals "will affect at least 100 drugs now being studied," he notes, cutting FDA review time for some of these drugs from 12 months to six months. ...

1996-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

449

Assessment of Wind Speed Dependent Prediction Error  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The investigations in this chapter follow the idea that the prediction error quantitatively depends on the meteorological situation that has to be predicted. As a first approach the wind speed as a main indicator...

Dr. Matthias Lange; Dr. Ulrich Focken

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

The invariance of the speed of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the conclusion of a recent experiment [arXiv:0912.3934] that claims to have discovered that "the speed of light seems to depend on the motion of the observer" is wrong.

Jerrold Franklin

2010-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

451

Note on Varying Speed of Light Cosmologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The various requirements on a consistent varying speed of light (`VSL') theory are surveyed, giving a short check-list of issues that should be satisfactorily handled by such theories.

George F R Ellis

2007-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

452

One-way speed of light?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a comment on a paper by Greaves, Rodriguez, and Ruiz-Camacho [Am. J. Phys. 77, 894 (2009)] which reports a measurement of the one-way speed of light.

J. Finkelstein

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

453

Driving Energy Performance with Energy Management Teams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Driving Energy Performance with Energy Management Teams Meredith Younghein ENERGY STAR Industrial Communications Mgr. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, DC ABSTRACT Companies today face an uncertain energy future. Businesses... face escalating energy prices which can erode profits. Concerns over supply reliability, and possible regulation of carbon emissions create risk. For many industries in the U.S., energy costs are equal to the cost of raw materials or even employee...

Younghein, M.; Tunnessen, W.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Speed selection for coupled wave equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss models for coupled wave equations describing interacting fields, focusing on the speed of travelling wave solutions. In particular, we propose a general mechanism for selecting and tuning the speed of the corresponding (multi-component) travelling wave solutions under certain physical conditions. A number of physical models (molecular chains, coupled Josephson junctions, propagation of kinks in chains of adsorbed atoms and domain walls) are considered as examples.

Mariano Cadoni; Giuseppe Gaeta

2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

455

Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: California Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

456

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Pennsylvania Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

457

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Mississippi Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

458

An Optimization Model for Eco-Driving at Signalized Intersection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research develops an optimization model for eco-driving at signalized intersection. In urban areas, signalized intersections are the “hot spots” of air emissions and have significant negative environmental and health impacts. Eco-driving is a...

Chen, Zhi

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

DOE Releases U.S. DRIVE Technical Accomplishments Report | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Enhanced materials and designs that can reduce the cost of on-board hydrogen storage tanks by 15% U.S. DRIVE (Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy...

460

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? Do You Drive a Hybrid Electric Vehicle? July 9, 2009 - 1:34am Addthis In Tuesday's entry, Francis X. Vogel from the Wisconsin Clean Cities...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Columbia Power Technologies, Inc. Deploys its Direct Drive Wave...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Columbia Power Technologies, Inc. Deploys its Direct Drive Wave Energy Buoy Columbia Power Technologies, Inc. Deploys its Direct Drive Wave Energy Buoy April 9, 2013 - 12:00am...

462

Optimization of Driving Styles for Fuel Economy Improvement  

SciTech Connect

Modern vehicles have sophisticated electronic control units, particularly to control engine operation with respect to a balance between fuel economy, emissions, and power. These control units are designed for specific driving conditions and testing. However, each individual driving style is different and rarely meets those driving conditions. In the research reported here we investigate those driving style factors that have a major impact on fuel economy. An optimization framework is proposed with the aim of optimizing driving styles with respect to these driving factors. A set of polynomial metamodels are constructed to reflect the responses produced by changes of the driving factors. Then we compare the optimized driving styles to the original ones and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the optimization formulation.

Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL] [ORNL; Aguilar, Juan P. [Georgia Institute of Technology] [Georgia Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Fact #759: December 24, 2012 Rural vs. Urban Driving Differences  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

According to the National Household Travel Survey, those living in rural areas drive ten more miles in a day than those who live in cities. People living in the suburbs drive only about three to...

464

Transport Research Arena 2014, Paris Driving assistances for senior drivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and to analyse actual driving behaviours and specific difficulties of older drivers in ecological driving conditions, using an instrumented vehicle on open roads. The aim is then to ergonomically specify and design

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

465

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Connecticut Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

466

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving /  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Driving / Idling to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Washington Laws and Incentives for Driving / Idling on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

467

Indianapolis Offers a Lesson on Driving Demand | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Indianapolis Offers a Lesson on Driving Demand Indianapolis Offers a Lesson on Driving Demand The flier for EcoHouse, with the headline 'Save energy, save money, improve your home'...

468

GenDrive Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GenDrive Limited GenDrive Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name GenDrive Limited Place Cambridge, United Kingdom Zip CB23 3GY Sector Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product Developing a range of grid-connected inverters, 'Plug & Play', for renewable energy (mostly solar and wind) systems. These are intended to improve ease of installation. Coordinates 43.003745°, -89.017499° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.003745,"lon":-89.017499,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

469

Fast wave current drive in DEMO  

SciTech Connect

The ability to non-inductively drive a large fraction of the toroidal plasma current in magnetically confined plasmas is an essential requirement for steady state fusion reactors such as DEMO. Besides neutral beam injection (NBI), electron-cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) and lower hybrid wave heating (LH), ion-cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) is a promising candidate to drive current, in particular at the high temperatures expected in fusion plasmas. In this paper, the current drive (CD) efficiencies calculated with coupled ICRF wave / CD numerical codes for the DEMO-1 design case (R{sub 0}=9m, B{sub 0}=6.8T, a{sub p}=2.25m) [1] are presented. It will be shown that although promising CD efficiencies can be obtained in the usual ICRF frequency domain (20-100MHz) by shifting the dominant ion-cyclotron absorption layers to the high-field side, operation at higher frequencies (100-300MHz) has a stronger CD potential, provided the parasitic RF power absorption of the alpha particles can be minimized.

Lerche, E.; Van Eestera, D.; Messiaen, A. [Association EURATOM-Belgian State, LPP-ERM/KMS, TEC partner, Brussels (Belgium); Franke, T. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Assoziation, Garching (Germany); Collaboration: EFDA-PPPT Contributors

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

470

Energetic Drives LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energetic Drives LLC Energetic Drives LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Energetic Drives LLC Place Gresham, Oregon Zip 97030 Sector Efficiency, Wind energy Product Oregon-based engineering firm that conducts industrial efficiency improvements, as well as repair and maintenance work for grid-tie inverters and wind turbines ranging from 10kW to 1.2MW. Coordinates 44.84866°, -88.786959° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.84866,"lon":-88.786959,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

471

Wind speed vertical distribution at Mt. Graham  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The characterization of the wind speed vertical distribution V(h) is fundamental for an astronomical site for many different reasons: (1) the wind speed shear contributes to trigger optical turbulence in the whole troposphere, (2) a few of the astroclimatic parameters such as the wavefront coherence time (tau_0) depends directly on V(h), (3) the equivalent velocity V_0, controlling the frequency at which the adaptive optics systems have to run to work properly, depends on the vertical distribution of the wind speed and optical turbulence. Also, a too strong wind speed near the ground can introduce vibrations in the telescope structures. The wind speed at a precise pressure (200 hPa) has frequently been used to retrieve indications concerning the tau_0 and the frequency limits imposed to all instrumentation based on adaptive optics systems, but more recently it has been proved that V_200 (wind speed at 200 hPa) alone is not sufficient to provide exhaustive elements concerning this topic and that the vertical d...

Hagelin, S; Lascaux, F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

A Multivariate Analysis of Freeway Speed and Headway Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

key process is the generation of entry vehicle speeds and vehicle arrival times. It is helpful to find desirable mathematical distributions to model individual speed and headway values, because the individual vehicle speed and arrival time...

Zou, Yajie

2013-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

473

A preliminary evaluation of a speed threshold incident detection algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detection algorithm. San Antonio's new traffic management center, TransGuide, uses a new speed based algorithm, The TXDOT (Texas Department of Transportation) Speed algorithm. This research compares the TXDOT Speed algorithm with California algorithm #8...

Kolb, Stephanie Lang

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Einstein's special relativity beyond the speed of light  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...special relativity beyond the speed of light James M. Hill Barry J. Cox...relative velocities greater than the speed of light, and that are complementary to...relative velocities less than the speed of light. The new transformations arise...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

FY 2014 Annual Progress Report- Electric Drive Technologies Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FY 2014 Annual Progress Report for the Electric Drive Technologies Program of the Vehicle Technologies Office, DOE/EE-1163

476

Variable loading roller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An automatic loading roller for transmitting torque in traction drive devices in manipulator arm joints includes a two-part camming device having a first cam portion rotatable in place on a shaft by an input torque and a second cam portion coaxially rotatable and translatable having a rotating drive surface thereon for engaging the driven surface of an output roller with a resultant force proportional to the torque transmitted. Complementary helical grooves in the respective cam portions interconnected through ball bearings interacting with those grooves effect the rotation and translation of the second cam portion in response to rotation of the first. 14 figs.

Williams, D.M.

1988-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

477

LAPP-TECH-2013-01 DRIVE BEAM STRIPLINE BPM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LAPP-TECH-2013-01 DRIVE BEAM STRIPLINE BPM ELECTRONICS AND ACQUISITION. Jean-Marc Nappa, Jean- around acquisition and components tests for drive beam stripline BPM read-out. The choice of the presented stripline BPM as the drive beam position monitor is not definitive. The aim of this study

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

478

Drive torque actuation in active surge control of centrifugal compressors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

an approximation of a real compression system. 1 #12;CompressorShaft Electric drive Active surge control law Shaft (1999b) or Willems and de Jager (1999). In this study, which is on compressors with electrical drives, we propose to use the electrical drive as a means of active surge control, as depicted in Figure 1.

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

479

Is the Lorentz limiting speed equal to the Speed of Light? Photons vs Neutrino tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the possibility that the limiting speed (c_l) appearing in Lorentz equations might be different i.e., slightly larger than the observed speed of light (c_n). We show that such a possibility can be tested by state-of-the-art Michelson-Morley experiments, but also by careful measurement of neutrino speeds. It would indeed suffice to show that c_n light.

Jean-Marie Frere; Simon Mollet; Michel H. G. Tytgat

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

480

Smaller Footprint Drilling System for Deep and Hard Rock Environments; Feasibility of Ultra-High-Speed Diamond Drilling  

SciTech Connect

The two phase program addresses long-term developments in deep well and hard rock drilling. TerraTek believes that significant improvements in drilling deep hard rock will be obtained by applying ultra-high rotational speeds (greater than 10,000 rpm). The work includes a feasibility of concept research effort aimed at development that will ultimately result in the ability to reliably drill 'faster and deeper' possibly with smaller, more mobile rigs. The principle focus is on demonstration testing of diamond bits rotating at speeds in excess of 10,000 rpm to achieve high rate of penetration (ROP) rock cutting with substantially lower inputs of energy and loads. The significance of the 'ultra-high rotary speed drilling system' is the ability to drill into rock at very low weights on bit and possibly lower energy levels. The drilling and coring industry today does not practice this technology. The highest rotary speed systems in oil field and mining drilling and coring today run less than 10,000 rpm - usually well below 5,000 rpm. This document provides the progress through two phases of the program entitled 'Smaller Footprint Drilling System for Deep and Hard Rock Environments: Feasibility of Ultra-High-Speed Diamond Drilling' for the period starting 30 June 2003 and concluding 31 March 2009. The accomplishments of Phases 1 and 2 are summarized as follows: (1) TerraTek reviewed applicable literature and documentation and convened a project kick-off meeting with Industry Advisors in attendance (see Black and Judzis); (2) TerraTek designed and planned Phase I bench scale experiments (See Black and Judzis). Improvements were made to the loading mechanism and the rotational speed monitoring instrumentation. New drill bit designs were developed to provided a more consistent product with consistent performance. A test matrix for the final core bit testing program was completed; (3) TerraTek concluded small-scale cutting performance tests; (4) Analysis of Phase 1 data indicated that there is decreased specific energy as the rotational speed increases; (5) Technology transfer, as part of Phase 1, was accomplished with technical presentations to the industry (see Judzis, Boucher, McCammon, and Black); (6) TerraTek prepared a design concept for the high speed drilling test stand, which was planned around the proposed high speed mud motor concept. Alternative drives for the test stand were explored; a high speed hydraulic motor concept was finally used; (7) The high speed system was modified to accommodate larger drill bits than originally planned; (8) Prototype mud turbine motors and the high speed test stand were used to drive the drill bits at high speed; (9) Three different rock types were used during the testing: Sierra White granite, Crab Orchard sandstone, and Colton sandstone. The drill bits used included diamond impregnated bits, a polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) bit, a thermally stable PDC (TSP) bit, and a hybrid TSP and natural diamond bit; and (10) The drill bits were run at rotary speeds up to 5500 rpm and weight on bit (WOB) to 8000 lbf. During Phase 2, the ROP as measured in depth of cut per bit revolution generally increased with increased WOB. The performance was mixed with increased rotary speed, with the depth cut with the impregnated drill bit generally increasing and the TSP and hybrid TSP drill bits generally decreasing. The ROP in ft/hr generally increased with all bits with increased WOB and rotary speed. The mechanical specific energy generally improved (decreased) with increased WOB and was mixed with increased rotary speed.

TerraTek, A Schlumberger Company

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable speed drives" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Real-world fuel consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions by driving conditions for light-duty passenger vehicles in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The increasing discrepancy between on-road and type-approval fuel consumption for \\{LDPVs\\} (light-duty passenger vehicles) has attracted tremendous attention. We measured on-road emissions for 60 \\{LDPVs\\} in three China's cities and calculated their fuel consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions. We further evaluated the impacts of variations in area-averaged speed on relative fuel consumption of gasoline \\{LDPVs\\} for the UAB (urban area of Beijing). On-road fuel consumption under the average driving pattern is 10 ± 2% higher than that normalized to the NEDC (new European driving cycle) cycle for all tested vehicles, and the on-road NEDC-normalized fuel consumption is higher by 30 ± 12% compared to type-approval values for gasoline vehicles. We observed very strong correlations between relative fuel consumption and average speed. Traffic control applied to \\{LDPVs\\} driving within the UAB during weekdays can substantially reduce total fleet fuel consumption by 23 ± 5% during restriction hours by limiting vehicle use and improving driving conditions. Our results confirmed that a new cycle for the type approval test for \\{LDPVs\\} with more real-world driving features is of great necessity. Furthermore, enhanced traffic control measures could play an important role in mitigating real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for \\{LDPVs\\} in China.

Shaojun Zhang; Ye Wu; Huan Liu; Ruikun Huang; Puikei Un; Yu Zhou; Lixin Fu; Jiming Hao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

A study of the effect of posted speed limits on traffic speeds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 60 C 50 JJ 40 Be fore After tti 0 U Ol DO 4) ts U U C 4) C U 4) I ) 4) 0 40 30 0 20 10 4 t 13. 0 14. 0 Ni 1 epos ts - S. H. 36 Location D-12 - West Columbia CI Be fore IED After 15. 0 FIGURE V. 11, LUSTRAT10N OF A... Distribution Curves for No Change in the Original 60-Nile-Par-Hour Speed Limit in District 12. Each Curve Represents Data Prom 7 Spot Speed Studies in 4 Locations. 37 12. 13. Cumulative Speed Distribution Curves for a Change in Speed Limit From 60 to 55...

Rowan, Neilon Joyce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

483

Is the Lorentz limiting speed equal to the speed of light? Photons vs neutrino tests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the possibility that the “limiting speed” c limit (c l ...) appearing in Lorentz equations might be different (i.e. slightly larger) t...

Jean-Marie Frère; Simon Mollet; Michel H. G. Tytgat

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

The Brazil Technology Center Speeds the Pace of Innovation |...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Brazil Technology Center Speeds the Pace of Innovation The Brazil Technology Center Speeds the Pace of Innovation Bruno Betoni Parodi 2012.09.06 (Please find Portuguese translation...

485

Reduction of Emissions from a High Speed Ferry | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions from a High Speed Ferry Reduction of Emissions from a High Speed Ferry 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: West Virginia University 2003deerthompson.pdf More Documents &...

486

Energy Department Announces $10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Department Announces 10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal Systems into the Market Energy Department Announces 10 Million to Speed Enhanced Geothermal Systems into the...

487

International Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicles: Policies, Markets, and Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessmentof Electric-Drive Vehicles: Policies, Markets, andInternational Assessment Electric-Drive Vehicles: Policies,International Assessment Electric-Drive Vehicles Policies,

Sperling, Daniel; Lipman, Timothy

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Economic Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicle Operation in California and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRIC-DRIVE VEHICLE OPERATION INECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRIC-DRIVE VEHICLE OPERATION INconsumers to switch to electric-drive vehicles, including a

Lidicker, Jeffrey R.; Lipman, Timothy E.; Shaheen, Susan A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Shift mechanism for change-speed gearing in power transmission  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a shift mechanism for a change-speed gearing in a power transmission, comprising: an actuator mounted on a support structure; a shift rod axially slidably carried on the support structure and operatively connected at a first end for reciprocating movement; means for selectively establishing a drive power gear train in response to the reciprocating movement where the support structure is formed at one side with a cylindrical portion is formed axially to contain a second end of the shift rod; a plug detachably threaded into the cylindrical portion of the support structure so as to close the axial bore, a coil spring disposed within the axial bore of the cylindrical portion and arranged in surrounding relationship with the shift rod in such a manner as to permit unbiased reciprocating movement of the shift rod within the coil spring; and a retainer interposed between the coil spring and the plug in such a manner that the coil spring is compressed by engagement at a first end. The inner end of the axial bore and second end are with the retainer; further arranged to be engaged with the second end of the shift rod when the plug is removed and fastened again in place. The coil spring is arranged to retain the shift rod in a rearward position when interposed between the retainer and the plug.

Ida, S.; Shimizu, K.; Hotta, J.

1987-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

490

High speed flow cytometer droplet formation system and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A droplet forming flow cytometer system allows high speed processing without the need for high oscillator drive powers through the inclusion of an oscillator or piezoelectric crystal such as within the nozzle volume or otherwise unidirectionally coupled to the sheath fluid. The nozzle container continuously converges so as to amplify unidirectional oscillations which are transmitted as pressure waves through the nozzle volume to the nozzle exit so as to form droplets from the fluid jet. The oscillator is directionally isolated so as to avoid moving the entire nozzle container so as to create only pressure waves within the sheath fluid. A variation in substance concentration is achieved through a movable substance introduction port which is positioned within a convergence zone to vary the relative concentration of substance to sheath fluid while still maintaining optimal laminar flow conditions. This variation may be automatically controlled through a sensor and controller configuration. A replaceable tip design is also provided whereby the ceramic nozzle tip is positioned within an edge insert in the nozzle body so as to smoothly transition from nozzle body to nozzle tip. The nozzle tip is sealed against its outer surface to the nozzle body so it may be removable for cleaning or replacement.

Van den Engh, Ger (Seattle, WA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

High Frequency Effects of Variable Frequency Drives (VFD) on Electrical Submersible Pump (ESP) Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

................................................................................................ 71 Table 10: Case III-B Result .............................................................................................. 72 Table 11: Case IV-A Result...

Ozkentli, Esra

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

492

Variability in the Environmental Factors Driving Evapotranspiration from a Grazed Rangeland during Severe Drought Conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nearly one-half of the earth’s terrestrial surface is susceptible to drought, which can have significant social, economic, and environmental impacts. Therefore, it is important to develop better descriptions and models of the processes linking ...

Joseph G. Alfieri; Peter D. Blanken; David N. Yates; Konrad Steffen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

A Method for Evaluating the Application of Variable Frequency Drives with Coal Mine Ventilation Fans.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The adjustable-pitch setting on an axial-flow fan is the most common method of controlling airflow for primary coal mine ventilation. With this method, the fan… (more)

Murphy, Tyson M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Future changes in daily summer temperature variability: driving processes and role for temperature extremes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extremes Erich M. Fischer � Christoph Scha¨r Received: 20 May 2008 / Accepted: 19 September 2008 � Springer summer temperature extremes, not only due to the mean warming itself, but also due to changes extremes particularly over the Mediterranean and the transitional climate zone (TCZ, between

Fischlin, Andreas

495

PWM drive filter inductor influence on transient immunity  

SciTech Connect

Surges of less than 200% magnitude caused by utility capacitor switching can disrupt PWM drives. In this paper, the disruption mechanism is investigated by SPICE simulation of the drive and the results are compared to field tests. An over current surge in the rectifier/filter section and dc over voltage are the most common disruption mechanisms. The drive dc filter inductor is the most important factor in capacitor transient sensitivity of the drive. A drive without the inductor or one in which the inductor is saturated by the transient is vulnerable to disruption.

Wagner, V.E. [Detroit Edison, MI (United States); Strangas, E. [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

496

Oscillatory nonohomic current drive for maintaining a plasma current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and methods are described for maintaining a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

Fisch, N.J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Oscillatory nonhmic current drive for maintaining a plasma current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method of the invention maintain a plasma current with an oscillatory nonohmic current drive. Each cycle of operation has a generation period in which current driving energy is applied to the plasma, and a relaxation period in which current driving energy is removed. Plasma parameters, such as plasma temperature or plasma average ionic charge state, are modified during the generation period so as to oscillate plasma resistivity in synchronism with the application of current driving energy. The invention improves overall current drive efficiencies.

Fisch, Nathaniel J. (Princeton, NJ)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Low-Speed Vehicle Low-Speed Vehicle Definition to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Low-Speed Vehicle Definition on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Low-Speed Vehicle Definition A low-speed vehicle is defined as a limited use automobile or truck that has a maximum speed greater than 20 miles per hour (mph) but not more than

499

An entanglement rate for continuous variables and its application to a resonant optomechanical multimode setup  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a general expression that quantifies the entanglement production rate in continuous variable systems in which entanglement depends on frequency. To exemplify its meaning and potential, we apply it to a four-mode optomechanical setup that enables the simultaneous up- and down-conversion of photons from a drive laser into entangled photon pairs. This setup is efficient in that both the drive and the optomechanical up- and down-conversion can be fully resonant.

Zhi Jiao Deng; Steven J. M. Habraken; Florian Marquardt

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

500

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Hybrid Electric Drive Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Electric Drive Systems Hybrid Electric Drive Systems The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of hybrid electric drive systems in fleets of delivery vehicles and transit buses. Hybrid electric drive systems combine a primary power source, an energy storage system, and an electric motor to achieve a combination of emissions, fuel economy, and range benefits unattainable with any of these technologies alone. Hybrid electric drive systems use less petroleum-based fuel and capture energy created during breaking and idling. This collected energy is used to propel the vehicle during normal drive cycles. The batteries supply additional power for acceleration and hill climbing. Learn more about the team's hybrid electric drive system evaluations: Delivery Vehicles