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1

Definition: Variable Peak Pricing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Variable Peak Pricing Variable Peak Pricing Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Variable Peak Pricing Variable Peak Pricing (VPP) is a hybrid of time-of-use and real-time pricing where the different periods for pricing are defined in advance (e.g., on-peak=6 hours for summer weekday afternoon; off-peak= all other hours in the summer months), but the price established for the on-peak period varies by utility and market conditions.[1] Related Terms real-time pricing References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/variable_peak_pricing [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,off-peak,on-peak,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,off-peak,on-peak,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Variable_Peak_Pricing&oldid=50262

2

Definition: Critical Peak Pricing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pricing Pricing Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Critical Peak Pricing When utilities observe or anticipate high wholesale market prices or power system emergency conditions, they may call critical events during a specified time period (e.g., 3 p.m.-6 p.m. on a hot summer weekday), the price for electricity during these time periods is substantially raised. Two variants of this type of rate design exist: one where the time and duration of the price increase are predetermined when events are called and another where the time and duration of the price increase may vary based on the electric grid's need to have loads reduced;[1] Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/critical_peak_pricing Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike

3

Peaks, Plans and (Persnickety) Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation provides information about EIA's estimates of working gas peak storage capacity, and the development of the natural gas storage industry. Natural gas shale and the need for high deliverability storage are identified as key drivers in natural gas storage capacity development. The presentation also provides estimates of planned storage facilities through 2012.

Information Center

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

4

Automated Demand Response for Critical Peak Pricing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automated Demand Response for Critical Peak Pricing Speaker(s): Naoya Motegi Date: June 9, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 California utilities have been exploring the use of...

5

Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing Price Server System for Automated Critical Peak Pricing Speaker(s): David S. Watson Date: June 3, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Overview of current California Energy Commission (CEC)/Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) Auto-CPP project: This summer, some select commercial CPP customers of PG&E will have the option of joining the Automated Critical Peak Pricing pilot. The pilot will have the same tariffs as standard CPP programs, but will include an added feature: automated shedding of electric loads. Through use of the Price Server System, day-ahead CPP event signals initiated by PG&E will ultimately cause electric loads to be automatically curtailed on commercial customer sites. These optional predetermined shed strategies will occur without

6

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L.R. Modeling alternative residential peak-load electricitydemand response to residential critical peak pricing (CPP)analysis of California residential customer response to

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to time-of-day electricity pricing: first empirical results.S. The trouble with electricity markets: understandingresidential peak-load electricity rate structures. Journal

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Airport quotas and peak hour pricing : theory and practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report examines the leading theoretical studies not only of airport peak-hour pricing but also of the congestion costs associated with airport delays and presents a consistent formulation of both. The report also ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Residential Response to Critical Peak Pricing of Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Response to Critical Peak Pricing of Electricity Speaker(s): Karen Herter Date: June 30, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 A recent California study collected detailed...

10

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Moderate Price (real-time) High Price (real-time) Note:Into EMCS Moderate Price (real-time) Indicator Light Same asIndication (optional) High Price (real-time) Indicator Light

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Xu, Peng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by strengthening the real-time price link between wholesaleincreasing real-time demand response to electricity price

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing ofelectricity  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates how critical-peak pricing (CPP)affects households with different usage and income levels, with the goalof informing policy makers who are considering the implementation of CPPtariffs in the residential sector. Using a subset of data from theCalifornia Statewide Pricing Pilot of 2003-2004, average load changeduring summer events, annual percent bill change, and post-experimentsatisfaction ratings are calculated across six customer segments,categorized by historical usage and income levels. Findings show thathigh-use customers respond significantly more in kW reduction than dolow-use customers, while low-use customers save significantly more inpercentage reduction of annual electricity bills than do high-usecustomers results that challenge the strategy of targeting only high-usecustomers for CPP tariffs. Across income levels, average load and billchanges were statistically indistinguishable, as were satisfaction ratesresults that are compatible with a strategy of full-scale implementationof CPP rates in the residential sector. Finally, the high-use customersearning less than $50,000 annually were the most likely of the groups tosee bill increases about 5 percent saw bill increases of 10 percent ormore suggesting that any residential CPP implementation might considertargeting this customer group for increased energy efficiencyefforts.

Herter, Karen

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

13

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usage: The total effective energy charge for usage duringUsage: The total effective energy charge for usage duringtotal effective TOU energy rates through offsetting summer on-peak and part-peak rate credits for usage

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Xu, Peng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Residential Customer Response to Real-time Pricing: The Anaheim Critical Peak Pricing Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to reduce the day-ahead or real-time price in the Californiaon day- ahead and real-time prices, particularly duringday-ahead and real-time wholesale prices. Declaring a CPP

Wolak, Frank A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residential peak-load electricity rate structures. Journalefficiency efforts. Keywords: electricity rates, residentialmust suffer higher electricity rates to pay for the bill

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling alternative residential peak-load electricity rateKeywords: electricity rates, residential electricity, demandrates be targeted to the largest residential users of electricity,

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E-2: Baseline Peak and Maximum Demand Savings at Each Auto-45 Table 4-8: Maximum Demand saving by Site and Non-and the non-coincident maximum demand savings. If all twelve

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Xu, Peng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Cartel Pricing Dynamics with Cost Variability and Endogenous Buyer Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the cartel price to cost is most easily seen for large trends in cost. In Figure 1-b, cost rises over periodsCartel Pricing Dynamics with Cost Variability and Endogenous Buyer Detection Joseph E. Harrington characterizes collusive pricing patterns when buyers may detect the presence of a cartel. Buyers are assumed

Niebur, Ernst

19

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Program Description and Results APPENDICES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Program Description and Results APPENDICES Mary Ann Piette David Watson Naoya Motegi Sila Kiliccote Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory MS90R3111 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, California 94720 August 30, 2007 This work described in this report was coordinated by the Demand Response Research Center and funded by the California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research Program, under Work for Others Contract No. 150-99-003, Am #1 and by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. LBNL Report Number 62218 2 Table of Contents List of Tables ......................................................................................................................................3

20

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

i Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results Mary Ann Piette David Watson Naoya Motegi Sila Kiliccote Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory MS90R3111 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, California 94720 June 19, 2007 LBNL Report Number 62218 ii Acknowledgements The work described in this report was funded by the Emerging Technologies Program at Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Additional funding was provided by the Demand Response Research Center which is funded by the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission), Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program, under Work for Others Contract No.500-03-026, Am #1 and by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. The authors are grateful for the extensive

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Crude oil prices peaked early in 2012 - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil prices rose during the first quarter of 2012 as concerns about possible international supply disruptions pushed up petroleum prices.

22

Is the seasonal gasoline price peak behind us? - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline crack spreads, which measure the difference between the selling price of finished products and the purchase price of crude oil, rose sharply toward the end ...

23

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

together during this peak demandperiodtousepower21 PeakDemandBaselinestudy. Theiraveragepeakdemandreductionwas14%ofthe

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Observed Temperature Effects on Hourly Residential Electric LoadReduction in Response to an Experimental Critical Peak PricingTariff  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this investigation was to characterize themanual and automated response of residential customers to high-price"critical" events dispatched under critical peak pricing tariffs testedin the 2003-2004 California Statewide Pricing Pilot. The 15-monthexperimental tariff gave customers a discounted two-price time-of-userate on 430 days in exchange for 27 critical days, during which the peakperiod price (2 p.m. to 7 p.m.) was increased to about three times thenormal time-of-use peak price. We calculated response by five-degreetemperature bins as the difference between peak usage on normal andcritical weekdays. Results indicatedthat manual response to criticalperiods reached -0.23 kW per home (-13 percent) in hot weather(95-104.9oF), -0.03 kW per home (-4 percent) in mild weather (60-94.9oF),and -0.07 kW per home (-9 percent) during cold weather (50-59.9oF).Separately, we analyzed response enhanced by programmable communicatingthermostats in high-use homes with air-conditioning. Between 90oF and94.9oF, the response of this group reached -0.56 kW per home (-25percent) for five-hour critical periods and -0.89 kW/home (-41 percent)for two-hour critical periods.

Herter, Karen B.; McAuliffe, Patrick K.; Rosenfeld, Arthur H.

2005-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

25

Swing options: a mechanism for pricing IT peak demand, http: //www.hpl.hp.com/research/idl/papers/swings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since usage patterns of information technology within organizations can be bursty, the peak demand for IT resources can at times exceed the installed capacity within the enterprise. If providers of such peak capacity emerge, as was the case for electricity and natural gas, the problem arises as to how to efficiently provide and price such peak demand. We present a swing option mechanism that allows for the efficient pricing of IT resources ranging from CPU usage to storage and bandwidth. This mechanism allows users to buy the right but not the obligation to future peak use. A statistical simulation tool allows the users to price these swings according to their own utilization patterns and to recover some of their costs if the options are not exercised. The provider in turn exploits its ability to statistically multiplex its resources to price peak usage. The use of these swing options serves as an incentive to the users to accurately forecasts of their own needs, thus leading to more efficient utilization of the providers resources.

Scott H. Clearwater; Bernardo A. Huberman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Applying Psychology to Economic Policy Design: Using Incentive Preserving Rebates to Increase Acceptance of Critical Peak Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Illinois residences real time prices based on the hourlyhours. Real time electricity pricing sets hourly pricesGoing to real time pricing that sets a price of power each

Letzler, Robert

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Scaling distributed energy storage for grid peak reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reducing peak demand is an important part of ongoing smart grid research efforts. To reduce peak demand, utilities are introducing variable rate electricity prices. Recent efforts have shown how variable rate pricing can incentivize consumers to use ... Keywords: battery, electricity, energy, grid, peak shaving

Aditya Mishra, David Irwin, Prashant Shenoy, Ting Zhu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In peak pricing tariffs, electricity prices on peak days areIn peak pricing tariffs, electricity prices on peak days areof California electricity pricing tariffs (including RTP,

Ghatikar, Girish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Variable-response model of electricity demand by time of day: Results of a Wisconsin pricing experiment: Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observationally alike households may differ in demand parameters and thus in economic quantities that are functions of those parameters. We have proposed a methodology for dealing with this variation. Estimation of both translog and CES versions of the model with data from the Wisconsin Electricity Pricing Experiment revealed considerable variation among households in time-of-day electricity consumption demand parameters for both summer and winter seasons and for several different definitions of the peak period. Observed household characteristics explained only a small share of total household differences, but permanent household differences dominated month-to-month variation in either expenditure shares or log consumption ratios in most cases. Permanent differences among households are important relative to total variation, including transitory month-to-month variation. We calculated various economic variables from the demand parameters, including the partial elasticity of substitution, compensated and uncompensated elasticities, and a measure of electricity expenditure under peak load pricing required to maintain the utility level under flat rate pricing relative to the flat rate expenditure. Because these are nonlinear functions of the household demand parameters, the mean parameter value over households with different demand parameters may be substantially different from the value of the function at mean values, under the representative household paradigm. For time-of-day electricity demand, variation among households is significant but small relative to mean parameter values. Therefore, controlling for the effect of household variation makes little difference in these mean calculations, but it does imply substantial variation among households in the welfare implications (and elasticities of response) of the introduction of time-of-day pricing. 25 refs., 12 tabs.

Lillard, L.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

31

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

32

Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

33

Role of speculation in short-term US oil crude prices and gasoline price variability of the 2000s and the role of monetary policy price stability interventions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The objectives of this study were to analyze the short-run impact of futures contract prices on crude oil prices, the impact of crude oil (more)

Norris, Leah C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Variability in Automated Responses of Commercial Buildings and Industrial Facilities to Dynamic Electricity Prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the electricity consumption of commercial buildings and industrial facilities (C&I facilities) during Demand Response (DR) events are usually estimated using counterfactual baseline models. Model error makes it difficult to precisely quantify these changes in consumption and understand if C&I facilities exhibit event-to-event variability in their response to DR signals. This paper seeks to understand baseline model error and DR variability in C&I facilities facing dynamic electricity prices. Using a regression-based baseline model, we present a method to compute the error associated with estimates of several DR parameters. We also develop a metric to determine how much observed DR variability results from baseline model error rather than real variability in response. We analyze 38 C&I facilities participating in an automated DR program and find that DR parameter errors are large. Though some facilities exhibit real DR variability, most observed variability results from baseline model error. Therefore, facilities with variable DR parameters may actually respond consistently from event to event. Consequently, in DR programs in which repeatability is valued, individual buildings may be performing better than previously thought. In some cases, however, aggregations of C&I facilities exhibit real DR variability, which could create challenges for power system operation.

Mathieu, Johanna L.; Callaway, Duncan S.; Kiliccote, Sila

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

35

Examining Uncertainty in Demand Response Baseline Models and Variability in Automated Response to Dynamic Pricing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Controlling electric loads to deliver power system services presents a number of interesting challenges. For example, changes in electricity consumption of Commercial and Industrial (C&I) facilities are usually estimated using counterfactual baseline models, and model uncertainty makes it difficult to precisely quantify control responsiveness. Moreover, C&I facilities exhibit variability in their response. This paper seeks to understand baseline model error and demand-side variability in responses to open-loop control signals (i.e. dynamic prices). Using a regression-based baseline model, we define several Demand Response (DR) parameters, which characterize changes in electricity use on DR days, and then present a method for computing the error associated with DR parameter estimates. In addition to analyzing the magnitude of DR parameter error, we develop a metric to determine how much observed DR parameter variability is attributable to real event-to-event variability versus simply baseline model error. Using data from 38 C&I facilities that participated in an automated DR program in California, we find that DR parameter errors are large. For most facilities, observed DR parameter variability is likely explained by baseline model error, not real DR parameter variability; however, a number of facilities exhibit real DR parameter variability. In some cases, the aggregate population of C&I facilities exhibits real DR parameter variability, resulting in implications for the system operator with respect to both resource planning and system stability.

Mathieu, Johanna L.; Callaway, Duncan S.; Kiliccote, Sila

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Variability in Automated Responses of Commercial Buildings and Industrial Facilities to Dynamic Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Industrial Facilities to Dynamic Electricity Pricesand Industrial Facilities to Dynamic Electricity Prices

Mathieu, Johanna L.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Optimal Intercity Transportation Services with Heterogeneous Demand and Variable Fuel Price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Average Retail Price of Electricity to Ultimate Customers:http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/epm/table5_3.html

Ryerson, Megan S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Representing Energy Price Variability in Long-and Medium-term Hydropower Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

literature focuses on electricity markets modeling and electricity price forecasting (Nogales et al., 2002. Contreras, A. J. Conejo, and R. Espínola. (2002). "Forecasting next-day electricity prices by time series capacity increases, some hydropower plants can provide base load instead. The use of an average energy

Lund, Jay R.

39

Forecast Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: Notes: Prices have already recovered from the spike, but are expected to remain elevated over year-ago levels because of the higher crude oil prices. There is a lot of uncertainty in the market as to where crude oil prices will be next winter, but our current forecast has them declining about $2.50 per barrel (6 cents per gallon) from today's levels by next October. U.S. average residential heating oil prices peaked at almost $1.50 as a result of the problems in the Northeast this past winter. The current forecast has them peaking at $1.08 next winter, but we will be revisiting the outlook in more detail next fall and presenting our findings at the annual Winter Fuels Conference. Similarly, diesel prices are also expected to fall. The current outlook projects retail diesel prices dropping about 14 cents per gallon

40

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above Recent Averages  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... which depends most heavily on storage to meet peak demand. ... high current prices combined with only small price increases expected by the winter peak.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Tariff-based analysis of commercial building electricity prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price vs. annual peak demand. . . . . Tari?-based annuala function of annual peak demand. . . Probability that theelectricity price vs. annual peak demand; each point is one

Coughlin, Katie M.; Bolduc, Chris A.; Rosenquist, Greg J.; Van Buskirk, Robert D.; McMahon, James E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

link wholesale and retail real-time prices. 6.0 Referencesdynamic prices such as real-time prices and peak prices andFigure 5. Average Daily Real-Time Prices and Price Duration

Ghatikar, Girish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Essays on pricing under uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation analyzes pricing under uncertainty focusing on the U.S. airline industry. It sets to test theories of price dispersion driven by uncertainty in the demand by taking advantage of very detailed information about the dynamics of airline prices and inventory levels as the flight date approaches. Such detailed information about inventories at a ticket level to analyze airline pricing has been used previously by the author to show the importance of capacity constraints in airline pricing. This dissertation proposes and implements many new ideas to analyze airline pricing. Among the most important are: (1) It uses information about inventories at a ticket level. (2) It is the first to note that fare changes can be explained by adding dummy variables representing ticket characteristics. Therefore, the load factor at a ticket level will lose its explanatory power on fares if all ticket characteristics are included in a pricing equation. (3) It is the first to propose and implement a measure of Expected Load Factor as a tool to identify which flights are peak and which ones are not. (4) It introduces a novel idea of comparing actual sales with average sales at various points prior departure. Using these deviations of actual sales from sales under average conditions, it presents is the first study to show empirical evidence of peak load pricing in airlines. (5) It controls for potential endogeneity of sales using dynamic panels. The first essay tests the empirical importance of theories that explain price dispersion under costly capacity and demand uncertainty. The essay calculates a measure of an Expected Load Factor, that is used to calibrate the distribution of demand uncertainty and to identify which flights are peak and which ones are off-peak. It shows that different prices can be explained by the different selling probabilities. The second essay is the first study to provide formal evidence of stochastic peak-load pricing in airlines. It shows that airlines learn about the demand and respond to early sales setting higher prices when expected demand is high and more likely to exceed capacity.

Escobari Urday, Diego Alfonso

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Prices Gasoline Price Data Sign showing gasoline prices Local Prices: Find the cheapest gasoline prices in your area. State & Metro Area Prices: Average prices from AAA's...

45

Peak Power at Peak Efficiency  

Peak Power At Peak Efficiency. 21. st. Industry Growth Forum. October 2008. PJ Piper (857) 350?3100. ... At <$10/bbl oil, QM Powers electric ...

46

PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. had never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70 per barrel, and in July 2008 it reached a peak of $145. By the end of 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing again, reaching about $110 in 2011. Are speculators to blame for at least part of the volatility and sharp run-ups in price? We clarify the potential and actual effects of speculators, and investors in general, on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We first address the question of what is meant by oil price speculation, and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, oil inventories, or oil price derivatives (such as futures contracts). Next we outline the ways in which one could speculate on oil prices. Finally, we turn to the data, and calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation as the driver of price changes is consistent with the data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and changes in convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck; Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

48

Pricing with uncertain customer valuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertain demand in pricing problems is often modeled using the sum of a linear price- response function and a zero-mean random variable. In this paper, we...

49

Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Predicted (2006) Discovery, Production FSU (former Soviet Union) history Soviet Union collapse 80's oil pricePeak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last Martin Sereno 1 Feb 2011 (orig. talk: Nov 2004) #12;Oil is the Lifeblood of Industrial Civilization · 80 million barrels/day, 1000 barrels/sec, 1 cubic

Sereno, Martin

50

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: While EIA cannot claim to explain all of the factors that drive retail gasoline prices, we have had a fair amount of success in exploring the relationship between wholesale and retail prices. In particular, we have looked closely at the "pass-through" of changes in spot prices to the retail market. This graph shows a weighted national average of spot prices for regular gasoline -both conventional and reformulated (shown in red), and EIA's weekly survey price for retail regular (again both conventional and reformulated). As you can see, spot prices tend to be more volatile (and would be even more so on a daily basis), while these changes are smoother by the time they reach the retail pump. Furthermore, by looking at the peaks, you can see the retail prices seem to lag the spot price changes

51

Prices and Price Setting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis studies price data and tries to unravel the underlying economic processes of why firms have chosen these prices. It focuses on three aspects (more)

Faber, R.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

peak prices) to reduce electricity bill volatility. Smallwith higher or lower electricity bills than desired, since

Ghatikar, Girish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Gasoline Prices at Historical Lows  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Notes: Before looking at El Paso gasoline prices, let’s take a minute to look at the U.S. average price for context. Gasoline prices this year, adjusted for inflation, are the lowest ever. Back in March, before prices began to rise ahead of the traditional high-demand season, the U.S. average retail price fell to $1.00 per gallon. Prices rose an average of 7.5 cents, less than the typical seasonal runup, to peak in early June. Since then, prices have fallen back to $1.013. Given recent declines in crude oil and wholesale gasoline prices, we expect retail prices to continue to ease over at least the next few weeks. Since their sharp runup during the energy crises of the 1970’s, gasoline prices have actually been non-inflationary. Adjusting the historical prices by the Consumer Price Index, we can see that today’s

54

How and why customers respond to electricity price variability: A study of NYISO and NYSERDA 2002 PRL program performance  

SciTech Connect

This summer was the second year of operation for the New York Independent System Operator's (NYISO) suite of Price Responsive Load (PRL) Programs: the Day-Ahead Demand Response Program (DADRP), the Emergency Demand Response Program (EDRP), and the third year of operation for the Installed Capacity Program/Special Case Resources (ICAP/SCR) program. It also marked the second year that the New York State Energy Research Authority (NYSERDA) provided funding to support participation in these programs. NYISO and NYSERDA commissioned Neenan Associates to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the performance of these PRL programs, building on methods and protocols developed last year and augmented by significant professional staff resources provided by the Consortium for Electric Reliability Technology Solutions (CERTS) with the U. S. Dept. of Energy (DOE) funding. The PRL program evaluation was undertaken from three perspectives. The first, top-down, perspective looks at the overall impact of PRL programs on New York electricity market prices and system reliability. Quantifying price impacts involves simulating what prices would have been had the curtailments not been undertaken. A supply model developed last year was used to reconstruct this year's market supply curve and estimate the change in hourly prices due to PRL-indiced curtailments. Reliability impacts were estimated by valuing the improvement in the reliability associated with curtailments undertaken through the EDRP and ICAP/SCR programs, which were jointly administered during 2002.

Neenan, Bernie; Pratt, Donna; Cappers, Peter; Doane, James; Anderson, Jeremey; Boisvert, Richard; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is unable to reduce electricity prices. The unstorability ofhourly variability in electricity prices while maintainingboth forward and spot electricity prices a ect demand. Our

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

motor gasoline is projected to be about 1.38 per gallon. As was the case with heating oil, last year's peak average gasoline price, at 1.633 per gallon in June, was the...

57

Price Variation Antagonism and Firm Pricing Policies 1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Pricing schemes that vary prices in response to demand shocks may antagonize consumers and reduce demand. At the same time, consumers may take advantage of the opportunities offered by price changes. Overall, the net impact of varying price on demand is ambiguous. We investigate the issue empirically, exploiting a unique dataset from a firm that has experimented with different pricing schemes. Each scheme is characterized by how much prices respond to demand variations. Holding average price and other variables constant, we find that demand is higher when prices vary more. We discuss the implications of our findings with regard to the consumer antagonism hypothesis.

Pascal Courty; Mario Pagliero; Jel D; Christopher Milde; Frank Vella; All Introduction

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

LDC debt and policy linkages in the determination of world commodity prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coarse Grain, Rice, and Cotton Prices Explanatory VariablesDependent Variables\\ Wheat Prices Impact (standard error)Inter La DW I Coarse Grain Prices Impact (standard error)

Rausser, Gordon C.; Brazelon, Coleman

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Wholesale electricity price changes diverge across regions during ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trends in average on-peak spot electricity prices, the wholesale price of electricity at major trading points, varied across the United States in the first half ...

60

Monetary policy and relative farm prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POLICY AND RELATIVE FAru' PRICES by Kostas G. Stamoulis,POLICY fu~ RELATIVE FAR~ PRICES by Kostas G. Stamou1is,variables such as the price level to changes in monetary

Stamoulis, Kostas G.; Chalfant, James A.; Rausser, Gordon C.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 1231 Reserves...

62

A Probabilistic Graphical Approach to Computing Electricity Price Duration Curves under Price and Quantity Competition.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electricity price duration curve (EPDC) represents the probability distribution function of the electricity price considered as a random variable. The price uncertainty comes both from the demand side and the supply side, since the load varies continuously, ...

Pascal Michaillat; Shmuel Oren

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Comparison of AEO 2005 natural gas price forecast to NYMEX futures prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the EIAs natural gas price forecasts in AEO 2004 and AEOcost comparisons of fixed-price renewable generationwith variable price gas-fired generation that are based

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Real and Nominal Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

crude oil price (represented by the average price paid by U.S. refiners for foreign crude oil) in 2000 is estimated by EIA at 27.86 per barrel. By comparison, the peak annual...

65

Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn't Reflect Potential...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Notes: EIA's gasoline price forecast has gasoline prices, on a monthly average, possibly exceeding 1.70 per gallon. Of course, weekly prices would likely peak this summer even...

66

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and diesel price estimates from the Energy Information Administration Understanding Gas Prices Photo of gasoline receipt What determines the cost of gasoline? What's the...

67

Phillip Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Phillip Price Phil Price Sustainable Energy Systems Group Demand Response Research Center (DRRC) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720...

68

A Probabilistic Graphical Approach to Computing Electricity Price Duration Curves under Price and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Probabilistic Graphical Approach to Computing Electricity Price Duration Curves under Price,oren}@ieor.berkeley.edu Abstract-- The electricity price duration curve (EPDC) repre- sents the probability distribution function of the electricity price considered as a random variable. The price uncertainty comes both from the demand side

Oren, Shmuel S.

69

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications of Price-Responsive Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are exposed to real-time electricity prices, they can adjustCustomers Respond to Electricity Price Variability: A Studyhours lowers the electricity spot price and reduces needed

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

71

The power of dynamic pricing  

SciTech Connect

Using data from a generic California utility, it can be shown that it is feasible to develop dynamic pricing rates for all customer classes. These rates have the potential to reduce system peak demands from 1 to 9 percent. (author)

Faruqui, Ahmad; Hledik, Ryan; Tsoukalis, John

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

72

Price Elasticity of Demand for Electricity: A Primer and Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of recent real-time pricing (RTP) and critical peak pricing (CPP) pilots demonstrate resoundingly that consumers can and will adjust electricity usage in response to price changes. Nonetheless, dynamic pricing plans are still novelties, in part because policy makers and pricing plan designers are equally skeptical of the impact of large-scale implementation. There is no consensus on the degree to which consumers will respond to price changes and as a result no concurrence on which pricing pla...

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

73

New York Home Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 of 15 5 of 15 Notes: The severity of this spot price increase is causing dramatic changes in residential home heating oil prices, although residential price movements are usually a little slower and spread out over time compared to spot prices. Wholesale prices increased over 50 cents from January 17 to January 24, while retail increased 44 cents in New York. Diesel prices are showing a similar pattern to residential home heating oil prices, and are indicating that home heating oil prices may not have peaked yet, although spot prices are dropping. Diesel prices in New England and the Mid-Atlantic increased 30-40 cents January 24 over the prior week, and another 13-15 cents January 31. Spot prices plummeted January 31, closing at 82 cents per gallon, indicating the worst part of the crisis may be over, but it is still a

74

Cheese Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cheese prices are derived from the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service Market News, the National Agricultural Statistics Service, and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. This publication explains the process of cheese pricing. It includes information on hauling rates and freight differentials

Schwart Jr., Robert B.; Anderson, David P.; Knutson, Ronald D.

2003-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

75

Sarah Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sarah K Price Sarah Price Energy Efficiency Standards Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R4000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-4128B (510)...

76

Marisa Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marisa Dawn Price Marisa Price Communications Office Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R3029B Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2056B (510) 495-2713...

77

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross...

78

Gas Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prices Gasoline Prices for U.S. Cities Click on the map to view gas prices for cities in your state. AK VT ME NH NH MA MA RI CT CT DC NJ DE DE NY WV VA NC SC FL GA AL MS TN KY IN...

79

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at about $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

80

October 2009Rethinking Real Time Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly real time pricing (RTP). I nd that enrolled households are statistically signicantly price elastic and that consumers responded by conserving energy during peak hours, but remarkably did not increase average consumption during o-peak times. Welfare analysis suggests that program households were not su ciently price elastic to generate e ciency gains that substantially outweigh the estimated costs of the advanced electricity meters required to observe hourly consumption. Although in electricity pricing, congestion pricing, and many other settings, economistsintuition is that prices should be aligned with marginal costs, residential RTP may provide an important real-world example of a situation where this is not currently welfare-enhancing given contracting or information costs.

Hunt Allcott; Hunt Allcott; Bill Hogan; Erich Muehlegger; Larry Katz; Erin Mansur; Sendhil Mullainathan; Paul Niehaus; Chris Nosko; Ariel Pakes; Dave Rapson; Rob Stavins; Frank Wolak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the market, allowing natural gas price volatility to flowClearly, the variability of gas prices poses a major risk toincreasingly volatile natural gas prices, renewable energy

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Oil Peak or Panic?  

SciTech Connect

In this balanced consideration of the peak-oil controversy, Gorelick comes down on the side of the optimists.

Greene, David L [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Lynn Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lynn Price Lynn Price China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2108 (510) 486-6519 LKPrice@lbl.gov Lynn Price is a Staff Scientist and Leader of the China Energy Group of the Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Ms. Price has a MS in Environmental Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and has worked at LBNL since 1990. Ms. Price has been a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007, since 1994 and was an author on the industrial sector chapter of IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report on Mitigation of Climate Change. Since 1999, Ms. Price has provided technical assistance to the Energy

84

Peak shaving through resource buffering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We introduce and solve a new problem inspired by energy pricing schemes in which a client is billed for peak usage. At each timeslot the system meets an energy demand through a combination of a new request, an unreliable amount of free source energy (e.g. solar or wind power), and previously received energy. The added piece of infrastructure is the battery, which can store surplus energy for future use. More generally, the demands could represent required amounts of energy, water, or any other tenable resource which can be obtained in advance and held until needed. In a feasible solution, each demand must be supplied on time, through a combination of newly requested energy, energy withdrawn from the battery, and free source. The goal is to minimize the maximum request. In the online version of this problem, the algorithm must determine each request without knowledge of future demands or free source availability, with the goal of maximizing the amount by which the peak is reduced. We give efficient optimal algorithms for the offline problem, with and without a bounded battery. We also show how to find the optimal offline battery size, given the requirement that the final battery level equals the initial battery level. Finally, we give efficient Hn-competitive algorithms assuming the peak effective demand is revealed in advance, and provide matching lower bounds. 1

Amotz Bar-noy; Matthew P. Johnson; Ou Liu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Stephanie Price  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Stephanie Price is a communicator at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, which assists EERE in providing technical content for many of its websites.

86

Snuller Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Snuller Price Energy and Environmental Economics NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are accessible, but may not be updated until Congress...

87

Volatility and commodity price dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commodity prices tend to be volatile, and volatility itself varies over time. changes in volatility can affect market variables by directly affecting the marginal value of storage, and by affecting a component of the total ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Retail Market Based Pricing: Retail Market Based Pricing - Three Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customers are not provided with incentives for efficient conservation and substitution of electricity away from peak periods if they do not face prices that reflect the real-time cost of purchasing wholesale electricity that is experienced by their retail energy provider. Recent events in California's restructured electricity market underscore the importance of developing products and structures that enable demand response to changes in prices in these markets. This report assembles three studies of cust...

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

89

Essays on Price Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small Regular Price Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 The Cyclicality of Effective Prices2.3 Wholesale Price vs. Retail

Hong, Gee Hee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

The Impact of Biomass Feedstock Supply Variability on the Delivered Price to a Biorefinery in the Peace River Region of Alberta, Canada  

SciTech Connect

Agricultural residue feedstock availability in a given region can vary significantly over the 20 25 year lifetime of a biorefinery. Since delivered price of biomass feedstock to a biorefinery is related to the distance travelled and equipment optimization, and transportation distance increases as productivity decreases, productivity is a primary determinant of feedstock price. Using the Integrated Biomass Supply Analysis and Logistics (IBSAL) modeling environment and a standard round bale harvest and delivery scenario, harvest and delivery price were modelled for minimum, average, and maximum yields at four potential biorefinery sites in the Peace River region of Alberta, Canada. Biorefinery capacities ranged from 50,000 to 500,000 tonnes per year. Delivery cost is a linear function of transportation distance and can be combined with a polynomial harvest function to create a generalized delivered cost function for agricultural residues. The range in delivered cost is substantial and is an important consideration for the operating costs of a biorefinery.

Stephen, Jamie [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Bi, X.T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sowlati, T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Kloeck, T. [Alberta Agriculture; Townley-Smith, Lawrence [AAFC; Stumborg, Mark [AAFC

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Essays on Three Price Judgments: Price Fairness, Price Magnitude, and Price Expectation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation addresses three important price judgments: price fairness, price magnitude, and price expectation. Developed over three chapters, the main objective of this research is (more)

Bhowmick, Sandeep

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oasis. Last accessed: Con Edison. 2010. Demand Response/is Southern California Edisons real-time pricing tariff. 2.and Southern California Edisons Critical Peak Pricing

Ghatikar, Girish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Wholesale electricity prices are lower during the first half of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A combination of natural gas prices at 10-year lows and the warmest winter on record led to lower on-peak wholesale electricity prices so far in 2012.

94

Do High Oil Prices Presage Inflation? The Evidence from G-5 Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with, in September 2000, crude oil prices in the Unitedmonth forward price of crude oil peaked at $37.80. EnergyThe monthly U.S. imported crude oil price in November was a

LeBlanc, Michael; Chinn, Menzie David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Peaks Over Threshold Plot  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... CAPTURE POT.OUT PEAKS OVER THRESHOLD PLOT Y17 R END OF CAPTURE . SKIP 0 READ DPST2F.DAT ITER NPOINTS THRESH R2 XR . ...

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

96

What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$60 $80 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Real Price ($2005) #12;2 Hubbert's Curve (Peak Oil) PEAK OIL QUIZ Instructions: With books closed and eyes on your own paper, please mark the single best answer. 1. Peak oil production indicates: a) Half gone. b) Running out. c) Starting out. d) None

O'Donnell, Tom

97

Wholesale electricity prices in New York City are the highest in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wholesale, on-peak electricity prices in New York City are the highest in the contiguous United States. In 2010, the average day-ahead, on-peak spot price of ...

98

Indoor Air Quality Impacts of a Peak Load Shedding Strategy for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstract Mock Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) events were implemented in a Target retail store in the San Francisco Bay Area by shutting down some of the building's...

99

Oil Price and the Dollar Virginie Coudert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Price and the Dollar Virginie Coudert , Val´erie Mignon , Alexis Penot§ 6th April 2005 Abstract The aim of this paper is to test whether a stable long-term relationship exists between oil prices and causality study between the two variables. Our results indicate that causality runs from oil prices

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

100

Perception of price when price information is costly: evidence from electricity demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Economic theory predicts that a well-informed consumer facing multiple prices responds to marginal price rather than to average price because he equates benefits with costs at the margin. The marginal price postulate, however, may not be true if information regarding marginal price is costly. Residential consumption of electricity is an example of a good for which it is costly to determine marginal price since the price changes with quantity purchased according to a declining-block schedule. If the cost of determining marginal price exceeds its expected benefits, the consumer will base his consumption on simpler information rather than on marginal price. The most obvious candidate is the monthly bill. Since electricity expenditures are greater than they would be if priced at marginal price, perceived price is anticipated to be higher than marginal price. The model includes a price perception variable that depends on the complexity of the rate structure as measured by the ratio of average to marginal price. Pooled annual data from 1960 to 1980 on the seven Ohio electric utilities are used for estimation. The evidence supports the hypothesis that the residential consumer responds to average price. Further, the expected increase in consumer's surplus, if marginal price were correctly perceived, is calculated at the sample mean and found to be negligible compared to any possible cost of determining marginal price.

Shin, J.S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Definition: Critical Peak Rebates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rebates Rebates Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Critical Peak Rebates When utilities observe or anticipate high wholesale market prices or power system emergency conditions, they may call critical events during pre-specified time periods (e.g., 3 p.m.-6 p.m. summer weekday afternoons), the price for electricity during these time periods remains the same but the customer is refunded at a single, predetermined value for any reduction in consumption relative to what the utility deemed the customer was expected to consume.[1] Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/critical_peak_rebates [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitions|Template:BASEPAGENAME]]

102

Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Gasoline prices move with changes in crude oil prices, and crude prices have varied significantly over the past decade, as illustrated above with the monthly average spot prices for West Texas Intermediate crude oil. Gasoline prices were as low as 91 cents per gallon in early 1999 when crude prices were very low, and were around $1.56 per gallon mid to late September 2000 when crude prices were high, even though the peak gasoline demand season was over at that point. We have observed that crude oil., like other commodities, responds to basic market fundamentals of supply and demand. Inventories are a good means of measuring the balance between demand and supply in the marketplace, and thus are a good barometer of price pressure. For example, when demand exceeds supply over and above the typical situation,

103

OG&E Uses Time-Based Rate Program to Reduce Peak Demand  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The VPP rates during the five-hour peak period vary daily depending on the cost of electricity. The VPP also includes a critical peak price (CPP) component that is...

104

Snuller Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Snuller Price Energy and Environmental Economics This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not...

105

PRICE GOUGING  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

home heating costs? How will those be affected? With an overall increase in the price of heating oil and natural gas, we expect that there may be an increase in home heating costs...

106

Phillip Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

90-2006 (510) 486-7875 PNPrice@lbl.gov Dr. Phillip Price has a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Kentucky, and has worked in the Indoor Environment Department since 1992. In...

107

Lynn Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lynn Price China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2108 (510) 486-6519 LKPrice@lbl.gov NOTICE Due...

108

Summer 2011 electricity prices were mostly down compared to summer ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Except for Texas, California, and the Southwest, average on-peak, wholesale electricity prices at trading points across much of the country declined during the summer ...

109

At end of summer driving season, gasoline prices are lower ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline ... the U.S. national average retail price for regular gasoline has fallen 13 cents per gallon below the apparent summer peak of ...

110

Peaking World Oil Production: Impacts, Mitigation and Risk Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The peaking of world oil production presents the U.S. and the world with an unprecedented risk management problem. As peaking is approached, liquid fuel prices and price volatility will increase dramatically, and, without timely mitigation, the economic, social, and political costs will be unprecedented. Viable mitigation options exist on both the supply and demand sides, but to have substantial impact, they must be initiated more than a decade in advance of peaking. In 2003, the world consumed nearly 80 million barrels per day (MM bpd) of oil. U.S. consumption was almost 20 MM bpd,

Robert L. Hirsch; Roger H. Bezdek; Robert M. Wendling

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Definition: Time-of-use Pricing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of-use Pricing of-use Pricing Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Time-of-use Pricing Time-of-use pricing (TOU) typically applies to usage over broad blocks of hours (e.g., on-peak=6 hours for summer weekday afternoon; off-peak= all other hours in the summer months) where the price for each period is predetermined and constant.[1] Related Terms smart grid References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/time_of_use_pricing [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitionsoff-peak, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]off-peak, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Time-of-use_Pricing&oldid=502494" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

112

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: 2006 Pilot Program...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center (DRRC) performed a technology evaluation for the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) Emerging Technologies Programs. This report summarizes the design, deployment,...

113

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development for Demand Response Calculation - Findings andStrategies Linking Demand Response and Energy Efficiency.and Communications for Demand Response and Energy Efficiency

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Xu, Peng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Peak-load pricing and thermal energy storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Twenty papers were presented at the meeting. A separate abstract was prepared for each of 19 papers. One paper was processed previously for the Energy Data Base (EDB). Fifteen of the papers were processed for inclusion in Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (LCL)

Not Available

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduction of annual electricity bills than do high-usereduction of annual electricity bills, than do high-useless on their electricity bills than do low-use customers,

Herter, Karen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Automated Critical Peak Pricing Field Tests: Program Description and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No new energy management control system (EMCS) hardware orprogram. Use an energy management control system (EMCS) oror hardwire energy management control systems to curtail

Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David; Motegi, Naoya; Kiliccote, Sila; Xu, Peng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Natural Gas Spot Price Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 of 17 7 of 17 Notes: Despite signs that domestic natural gas production has begun to turn around (the Texas Railroad Commission now reports year-to-date (through Sep.) gains in Texas gas production of 1.2 percent, compared to a 4.7-percent decline for the same months in 1999 versus 1998) the reality of the U.S. gas market is that supply responses have been too little, too late to prevent record-high spot prices and prospects for very high average prices this winter. We now expect to see peak monthly spot wellhead prices this winter of over $6.00 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) (December). Last month we maintained confidence that conditions would improve enough to keep the $5.10 per mcf recorded in October as the peak for this heating season. With partial data available, a monthly average value of about $5.60 per mcf looks likely for

118

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices. WTI Crude Oil Price. Retail Gasoline Price. Source: Energy Information Administration

119

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal peak. Relatively mild weather and a softening of crude oil prices have helped ease heating oil prices. Spot heating oil prices recently reached their lowest levels in over six months. Because of relatively balmy weather in the Northeast in January and February, heating oil stock levels have stabilized. Furthermore, heating oil production has been unusually robust, running several hundred thousand barrels per day over last year's pace. Currently, EIA expects winter prices to average around $1.41, which is quite high in historical terms. The national average price in December 2000 was 44 cents per gallon above the December 1999 price. For February

120

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above Recent Averages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The recent surge in spot prices at the Henry Hub are well above a typical range for 1998-1999 (in this context, defined as the average, +/- 2 standard deviations). Past price surges have been of short duration. The possibility of a downward price adjustment before the end of next winter is a source of considerable risk for storage operators who acquire gas at recent elevated prices. Storage levels in the Lower 48 States were 7.5 percent below the 5-year average (1995-1999) by mid-August (August 11), although the differential is only 6.4 percent in the East, which depends most heavily on storage to meet peak demand. Low storage levels are attributable, at least in part, to poor price incentives: high current prices combined with only small price

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Changes in the Economic Value of Variable Generation at High Penetration Levels: A Pilot Case Study of California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 Net load and energy prices on peak days with increasing12 Net load and energy prices on peak days with increasingin hour t ? T (energy price) ? ns,t : nonspinning reserve

Mills, Andrew

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

SRM Pricing Policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... rates are used to calculate the price for each ... Therefore, prices for new lots and renewal issues of ... changed, all SRMs may be re-priced taking into ...

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

123

Pennsylvania Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- GasBuddy.com Pennsylvania Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Pennsylvania Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States:...

124

Prices & Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

125

Price impacts of electric-utility DSM programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As competition in the electricity industry increases, utilities (and others) worry more about the upward pressure on electricity prices that demand-side management (DSM) programs often impose. Because of these concerns, several utilities have recently reduced the scope of their DSM programs or focused these programs more on customer service and peak-demand reductions and less on improving energy efficiency. This study uses the Oak Ridge Financial Model (ORFIN) to calculate the rate impacts of DSM. The authors use ORFIN to examine the two factors that contribute to DSM`s upward pressure on prices: the cost of the programs themselves and the loss of revenue associated with fixed-cost recovery. This second factor reflects the reduction in revenues caused by the DSM-induced energy and demand savings that exceed the reduction in utility costs. This analysis examines DSM price impacts as functions of the following factors: the DSM program itself (cost, conservation load factor, geographic focus on deferral of transmission and distribution investments, and mix across customer classes); the utility`s cost and pricing structures (factors at least partly under the utility`s control, such as retail tariffs, fixed vs variable operating costs, and capital costs not related to kW or kWh growth); and external economic and regulatory factors (the level and temporal pattern of avoided energy and capacity costs; ratebasing vs expensing of DSM-program costs; shareholder incentives for DSM programs; load growth; and the rates for income, property, and revenue taxes).

Hirst, E.; Hadley, S.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

PEAK READING VOLTMETER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in peak reading voltmeters is described, which provides for storing an electrical charge representative of the magnitude of a transient voltage pulse and thereafter measuring the stored charge, drawing oniy negligible energy from the storage element. The incoming voltage is rectified and stored in a condenser. The voltage of the capacitor is applied across a piezoelectric crystal between two parallel plates. Amy change in the voltage of the capacitor is reflected in a change in the dielectric constant of the crystal and the capacitance between a second pair of plates affixed to the crystal is altered. The latter capacitor forms part of the frequency determlning circuit of an oscillator and means is provided for indicating the frequency deviation which is a measure of the peak voltage applied to the voltmeter.

Dyer, A.L.

1958-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

127

EIA - Analysis of Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices Prices 2010 Peaks, Plans and (Persnickety) Prices This presentation provides information about EIA's estimates of working gas peak storage capacity, and the development of the natural gas storage industry. Natural gas shale and the need for high deliverability storage are identified as key drivers in natural gas storage capacity development. The presentation also provides estimates of planned storage facilities through 2012. Categories: Prices, Storage (Released, 10/28/2010, ppt format) Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2009 This is a special report that provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in 2009 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2009 from the Energy Information Administration. Topics discussed include natural gas end-use consumption trends, offshore and onshore production, imports and exports of pipeline and liquefied natural gas, and above-average storage inventories. Categories: Prices, Production, Consumption, Imports/Exports & Pipelines, Storage (Released, 7/9/2010, Html format)

128

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. OPECs Optimal Crude Oil Price, Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

A Time Series Analysis of Food Price and Its Input Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid increases in consumer food price beginning in 2007 generated interest in identifying the main factors influencing these increases. In subsequent years, food prices have fluctuated, but generally have continued their ascent. The effects of crude oil, gasoline, corn, and ethanol prices, as well as, the relative foreign exchange rate of the U.S. dollar and producer price indexes for food manufacturing and fuel products on domestic food prices are examined. Because the data series are non-stationary and cointegrated, a vector error correction model is estimated. Weak exogeneity and exclusion tests in the cointegration space are performed. Directed acyclical graphs are used to specify contemporaneous causal relationships. Dynamic interactions among the series are given by impulse response functions and forecast error variance decompositions. Weak exogeneity tests indicate all eight series work to bring the system back into equilibrium following a shock to the system. Further, exclusion tests suggest crude oil, gasoline, food CPI, ethanol, and food PPI variables are not in the long-run relationships. Dynamic analyses suggest the following relationships. Ethanol price is not a major factor in domestic food prices, suggesting that food prices are largely unaffected by the recent increased use of corn-based ethanol for fuel. Crude oil prices, corn prices, and the relative foreign exchange rate of the U.S. dollar, however, do influence domestic food prices with corn price contributing the most to food price variability. Innovation accounting inferences are robust to potential different contemporaneous causal specifications.

Routh, Kari 1988-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Testing for a time-varying price-cost markup in the Euro area inflation process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004). In?ation and relative price variability: short-runand the informativeness of prices. Journal of Money, CreditTesting for a time-varying price-cost markup in the Euro

Bowdler, Christopher; Jansen, Eilev S.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residential Price Average Commercial Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

132

The Year of Peak Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

When world conventional oil production will peak is, of course, the bottom-line question. It has already peaked in the United States, in 1970.

133

Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: This graph shows monthly average spot West Texas Intermediate crude oil prices. Spot WTI crude oil prices peaked last fall as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. So where do we see crude oil prices going from here? Crude oil prices are expected to be about $28-$30 per barrel for the rest of this year, but note the uncertainty bands on this projection. They give an indication of how difficult it is to know what these prices are going to do. Also, EIA does not forecast volatility. This relatively flat forecast could be correct on average, with wide swings around the base line. Let's explore why we think prices will likely remain high, by looking at an important market barometer - inventories - which measures the

134

Microsoft Word - Price Uncertainty Supplement.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

March 2010 March 2010 Short-Term Energy Outlook Energy Price Volatility and Forecast Uncertainty 1 March 9, 2010 Release Crude Oil Prices. WTI crude oil spot prices averaged $76.39 per barrel in February 2010, almost $2 per barrel lower than the prior month's average and very near the $76 per barrel forecast in last month's Outlook. Last month, the WTI spot price reached a low of $71.15 on February 5 and peaked at $80.04 on February 22. EIA expects WTI prices to average above $80 per barrel this spring, rising to an average of about $82 per barrel by the end of the year and to $85 per barrel by the end of 2011 (West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Price Chart).

135

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? Why are gasoline prices falling so rapidly? As of October 29, 2001, the national average retail price of regular gasoline was $1.235 per gallon, its lowest level since November 8, 1999 (Figure 1). The average price has fallen 29 cents in 6 weeks since September 17, with further declines perhaps to come. The sharpest decline has been in the Midwest (Petroleum Administration for Defense District 2), where the average has dropped 57 cents in 8 weeks since Labor Day (September 3). Additionally, this decline comes on the heels of a 33-cent drop in the national average in 10 weeks from Memorial Day through August 6, interrupted only by a brief 17-cent rise in August. In total, the national average retail gasoline price has fallen nearly 48 cents from its peak on May 14. This is already the widest one-year range in retail prices

136

State energy price and expenditure report 1984  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The average price paid by US consumers for energy in 1984 was $8.43 per million Btu, down 0.5% from the 1983 average price of $8.47 per million Btu. While the average price changed very little, total expenditures rose 5% from $418 billion in 1983 to $438 billion in 1984 due to increased energy consumption. By energy source, prices showed the most change in petroleum and electricity: the average price paid for petroleum products fell from $7.79 per million Btu in 1983 to $7.62 per million Btu in 1984, and the average price paid for electricity increased from $18.62 per million Btu in 1983 to $19.29 per million Btu in 1984. Expenditures in 1984 hit record high levels for coal, natural gas, nuclear fuel, and electricity, but were 16% below the 1981 peak for petroleum.

Not Available

1986-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

137

Document Number 2000-18, October, 2000 1 Study of Western Power Market Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Pool - US Systems for June 28, the peak price day of June, indicates a peak net hourly load levels. Prices in the spot market at Henry Hub in Louisiana have been over $5 recently and are expectedDocument Number 2000-18, October, 2000 1 Study of Western Power Market Prices Summer 2000 Final

138

Peaking of world oil production: Impacts, mitigation, & risk management  

SciTech Connect

The peaking of world oil production presents the U.S. and the world with an unprecedented risk management problem. As peaking is approached, liquid fuel prices and price volatility will increase dramatically, and, without timely mitigation, the economic, social, and political costs will be unprecedented. Viable mitigation options exist on both the supply and demand sides, but to have substantial impact, they must be initiated more than a decade in advance of peaking.... The purpose of this analysis was to identify the critical issues surrounding the occurrence and mitigation of world oil production peaking. We simplified many of the complexities in an effort to provide a transparent analysis. Nevertheless, our study is neither simple nor brief. We recognize that when oil prices escalate dramatically, there will be demand and economic impacts that will alter our simplified assumptions. Consideration of those feedbacks will be a daunting task but one that should be undertaken. Our aim in this study is to-- Summarize the difficulties of oil production forecasting; Identify the fundamentals that show why world oil production peaking is such a unique challenge; Show why mitigation will take a decade or more of intense effort; Examine the potential economic effects of oil peaking; Describe what might be accomplished under three example mitigation scenarios. Stimulate serious discussion of the problem, suggest more definitive studies, and engender interest in timely action to mitigate its impacts.

Hirsch, R.L. (SAIC); Bezdek, Roger (MISI); Wendling, Robert (MISI)

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Price controls and international petroleum product prices  

SciTech Connect

The effects of Federal refined-product price controls upon the price of motor gasoline in the United States through 1977 are examined. A comparison of domestic and foreign gasoline prices is made, based on the prices of products actually moving in international trade. There is also an effort to ascribe US/foreign market price differentials to identifiable cost factors. Primary emphasis is on price comparisons at the wholesale level, although some retail comparisons are presented. The study also examines the extent to which product price controls are binding, and attempts to estimate what the price of motor gasoline would have been in the absence of controls. The time period under consideration is from 1969 through 1977, with primary focus on price relationships in 1970-1971 (just before US controls) and 1976-1977. The foreign-domestic comparisons are made with respect to four major US cities, namely, Boston, New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles. 20 figures, 14 tables.

Deacon, R.T.; Mead, W.J.; Agarwal, V.B.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Title Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Dale, Larry L., Camille Antinori, Michael A. McNeil, James E. McMahon, and Sydny K. Fujita Journal Energy Policy Volume 37 Issue 2 Pagination 597-605 Date Published November 20 Keywords appliance efficiency standards, price forecasts, EES-EG Abstract Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by the Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting:1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing.2. Past retail price predictions made by the DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices.3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices.4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

SciTech Connect

Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

2008-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

142

Residential Customer Response to Real-time Pricing: The Anaheim Critical Peak Pricing Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the need for a large number customers on the CPP program inthey received. A number of customers received total rebatescustomers. There are a number of customers that received

Wolak, Frank A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Residential Customer Response to Real-time Pricing: The Anaheim Critical Peak Pricing Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilities May 15, 2005 Cust_name Addr_1 City, St Zip_codeutilities. September 3, 2004 Cust_name Addr_1 City, St Zip_code

Wolak, Frank A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Pipeline and Distribution Use Price City Gate Price Residential Price Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices Commercial Price Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices Industrial Price Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 6.25 7.97 3.67 4.48 3.95 2.66 1922-2012 Alabama 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Alaska 5.63 7.39 2.93 3.17 1967-2010 Arizona 5.98 7.09 3.19 4.11 1967-2010 Arkansas

145

Statistical Analysis and Dynamic Visualization of Travis Peak Production in the Eastern Texas Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas production has increased exponentially over the last 30 years, which is in response to the increasing demand for natural gas. This trend is speculated to continue to increase as legislation continues to be passed requiring power plants to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions. This recently happened in Colorado according to the Washington Post, giving more consideration to using natural gas. As natural gas becomes more popular there is a need to understand the production patterns and observable trends, integrating data from various sources. This research will attempt to do just that for wells producing from the Travis Peak formation. Using data from HPDI L.L.C., (www.hpdi.com) a visual representation was created for the areal distribution of peak gas rates and cumulative gas production. This allowed us to categorize wells by their production performance and we found that areas with relatively high peak gas rates also had high cumulative gas production. An analysis of these wells was done by completion year, and we found that wellhead prices of natural gas strongly influenced the annual number of new wells. We also found that the distribution of the annual number of new wells affected the average annual initial production rate and the peak gas rate of new wells. Wells located in areas of poor production performance were analyzed and it was apparent that newer wells performed relatively better than older ones and well stimulation is a major requirement for better gas production. Wells located in areas of good production performance were also analyzed and we found that the distribution of newer wells to older ones influenced the relative performance of individual wells. Overall, there was no observable trend between production variables in Travis Peak. No trend in production variable was found to be exclusively associated with good performing wells or poor performing wells.

Ayanbule, Babafemi O.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Rethinking Real-Time Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly real-time pricing (RTP). I nd that enrolled households are statistically signicantly price elastic and that consumers responded by conserving energy during peak hours, but remarkably did not increase average consumption during o-peak times. The program increased consumer surplus by $10 per household per year. While this is only one to two percent of electricity costs, it illustrates a potential additional benet from investment in retail Smart Grid applications, including the advanced electricity meters required to observe a households hourly consumption.

Hunt Allcott; Bill Hogan; Erich Muehlegger; Larry Katz; Erin Mansur; Sendhil Mullainathan; Paul Niehaus; Chris Nosko; Ariel Pakes; Dave Rapson; Rob Stavins; Frank Wolak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

PRICE GOUGING | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PRICE GOUGING PRICE GOUGING PRICE GOUGING More Documents & Publications PRICE GOUGING Department of Energy Response to Hurricane Katrina Fact Sheet Department of Energy Response to...

148

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices ... History; Imports Price: 6.79: 9.71: 3.73: 4.39: 4.20: 2.78: 1999-2012: Pipeline and Distribution Use Price : 1967-2005: ...

149

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Wellhead Price: NA: 5.63: 3.92: 3.79 : 1967-2010: Imports Price: ...

150

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.6 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

151

Diesel prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

152

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 4.05 a gallon on Monday. That's down 4.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

153

Diesel prices flat  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel saw no movement from last week. Prices remained flat at 3.89 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly...

154

Overshooting of agricultural prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rotenberg, Julio J. , "Sticky Prices in the United States,"Monetary Policy on United States Agriculture. A Fix-Price,Flex-Price Approach," Unpublished Ph.D. Disser- tation,

Stamoulis, Kostas G.; Rausser, Gordon C.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down a penny from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

156

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.85 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

157

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.82 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.1 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

158

Diesel prices flat nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices flat nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel remained the same from a week ago at 3.98 a gallon on Monday, based on the weekly price...

159

PriceTechNotes2012.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data: Data: Prices and Expenditures 135 A P P E N D I X A Price and Expenditure Variables ARICD Asphalt and road oil price in the industrial Dollars per million Btu ARICDZZ is independent. sector. ARICDUS = ARICVUS / ARICBUS * 1000 ARICV Asphalt and road oil expenditures in the Million dollars ARICVZZ = ARICBZZ * ARICDZZ / 1000 industrial sector. ARICVUS = SARICVZZ ARTCD Asphalt and road oil average price, all sectors. Dollars per million Btu ARTCD = ARICD ARTCV Asphalt and road oil total expenditures. Million dollars ARTCV = ARICV ARTXD Asphalt and road oil average price, all end-use Dollars per million Btu ARTXD = ARTXV / ARTXB * 1000 sectors. ARTXV Asphalt and road oil total end-use expenditures. Million dollars ARTXV = ARICV AVACD Aviation gasoline price in the transportation Dollars per million Btu AVACDZZ is independent. sector. AVACDUS = AVACVUS / AVACBUS * 1000 AVACV Aviation gasoline expenditures

160

PriceTechNotes2011.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Data Data 2011: Prices and Expenditures 135 A P P E N D I X A Price and Expenditure Variables ARICD Asphalt and road oil price in the industrial Dollars per million Btu ARICDZZ is independent. sector. ARICDUS = ARICVUS / ARICBUS * 1000 ARICV Asphalt and road oil expenditures in the Million dollars ARICVZZ = ARICBZZ * ARICDZZ / 1000 industrial sector. ARICVUS = SARICVZZ ARTCD Asphalt and road oil average price, all sectors. Dollars per million Btu ARTCD = ARICD ARTCV Asphalt and road oil total expenditures. Million dollars ARTCV = ARICV ARTXD Asphalt and road oil average price, all end-use Dollars per million Btu ARTXD = ARTXV / ARTXB * 1000 sectors. ARTXV Asphalt and road oil total end-use expenditures. Million dollars ARTXV = ARICV AVACD Aviation gasoline price in the transportation Dollars per million Btu AVACDZZ is independent. sector. AVACDUS = AVACVUS / AVACBUS * 1000 AVACV Aviation gasoline

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Dynamic interactions between electricity prices and the regional economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we study characterize the dynamic relationships among two electricity price variables (residential and commercial) and six regional economic variables in order to examine each individual variable??s role in regional economic activity. We also answer the question ??Do electricity prices have impact on regional economic variables??? We use two statistical techniques as engines of analysis. First, we use directed acyclic graphs to discover how surprises (innovations) in prices from each variable are communicated to other variables in contemporaneous time. Second, we use time series methods to capture regularities in time lags among the series. Yearly time series data on two electricity prices and six regional economic variables for Montgomery County (Texas) are studied using time series methods. Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAGs) are used to impose restrictions on the Vector Auto Regression model (VAR). Using Innovation Accounting Analysis of the estimated Vector Auto Regression (VAR) model we unravel the dynamic relationships between the eight variables. We conclude that rising electricity prices have a negative impact on allregional economic variables. The commercial average electricity prices lead residential average electricity prices in the time frame we studied (1969-2000). Rising residential electricity prices also have a positive impact on income derived from transfer payments.

Bethapudi, Daniel Naveen

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Why Are Gasoline Prices Rising so Fast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Statement of John Cook Statement of John Cook Before the Committee on Government Reform Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Natural Resources and Regulatory Affairs U.S. House of Representatives June 14, 2001 Thank you Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee for the opportunity to testify today. Gasoline prices have begun declining, as expected, from this spring's apparent peak price of $1.71 on May 14, with the national average for regular gasoline at $1.65 per gallon as of June 11 (Figure 1). Between late March and mid-May, retail prices rose 31 cents per gallon, with some regions experiencing even greater increases. Like last year, Midwest consumers saw some of the largest increases, and along with California, some of the highest prices. Prices in the Midwest increased 43 cents per

163

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly.

164

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

included in Prices Electric Power Price Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes...

165

Natural Gas Wellhead Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Slide 19 of 27. Price: Wellhead. Natural gas wellhead prices are projected to move up 5 percent this winter, averaging about $2.28 per Mcf during this ...

166

Crude Oil Price Forecast  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

We believe crude oil prices will strengthen somewhat, but prices will rise much more slowly than they fell, and they are expected to remain lower in ...

167

Primer on Gasoline Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This brochure answers, in laymen's terms, questions such as "What are the components of the retail price of gasoline? Why do gasoline prices fluctuate?

Information Center

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

168

Analysis of the effect of packing capacity on pork prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1998, pork prices fell to an all time low. Across the industry, concern was expressed for research as to what led to this price crash. Capacity constraints at the packer level have been a key area of concern. This study is an analysis of the effect of capacity constraints on pork prices. Ordinary least squares (OLS) models were run for both live and cutout prices. Capacity constraints were measured three ways: using a binary variable (0,1 dummy) and two continuous variables. One continuous variable was for the number of head slaughtered on the weekend, and the second continuous variable was found by using a ratio of slaughter during the weekends to slaughter during the 5-day workweek ("over-flow" ratio). The continuous variables used to measure capacity constraints were statistically significant explanatory factors in the regressions for hog and pork prices. The capacity constraints were estimated to have a different relationship with the prices at the farm level as compared with packer prices. Increasing capacity constraints is associated with a negative relationship to farm prices, and a positive relationship to packer prices. The measurement used for over-flow ratio, the ratio of weekend slaughter to slaughter during the 5-day workweek, did not generate different results than the continuous variable of weekend slaughter. The estimated coefficients for both continuous variables were more statistically significant than a dummy variable approach for the capacity constraint.

Spivey, Sarah Elizabeth

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the use of OpenADR communications specification, related data models, technologies, and strategies to send dynamic prices (e.g., real time prices and peak prices) and Time of Use (TOU) rates to commercial and industrial electricity customers. OpenADR v1.0 is a Web services-based flexible, open information model that has been used in California utilities' commercial automated demand response programs since 2007. We find that data models can be used to send real time prices. These same data models can also be used to support peak pricing and TOU rates. We present a data model that can accommodate all three types of rates. For demonstration purposes, the data models were generated from California Independent System Operator's real-time wholesale market prices, and a California utility's dynamic prices and TOU rates. Customers can respond to dynamic prices by either using the actual prices, or prices can be mapped into"operation modes," which can act as inputs to control systems. We present several different methods for mapping actual prices. Some of these methods were implemented in demonstration projects. The study results demonstrate show that OpenADR allows interoperability with existing/future systems/technologies and can be used within related dynamic pricing activities within Smart Grid.

Ghatikar, Girish; Mathieu, Johanna L.; Piette, Mary Ann; Koch, Ed; Hennage, Dan

2010-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

170

On The Portents of Peak Oil (And Other Indicators of Resource Scarcity)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although economists have studied various indicators of resource scarcity (e.g., unit cost, resource rent, and market price), the phenomenon of peaking has largely been ignored due to its connection to non-economic theories ...

Smith, James L.

171

Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Price Liquefied Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Exports Price to Brazil (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

172

An Econometric Analysis of the Relationship among the U.S. Ethanol, Corn and Soybean Sectors, and World Oil Prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aimed to investigate the relationships among the following variables: U.S. corn prices, U.S. ethanol production, U.S. soybean prices and world oil prices. After (more)

Savernini, Maira Q. M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

What Is Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What Is Price Volatility? What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect extraordinary characteristics of supply and/or demand. Prices of basic energy (natural gas, electricity, heating oil) are generally more volatile than prices of other commodities. One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute other fuels when the price, of natural gas

174

Gasoline Price Volatility Is a Concern This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 of 5 5 of 5 Notes: March began with gasoline spot prices showing large increases over crude oil. Spot prices were nearly 20 cents per gallon over the already high crude oil prices, when normally the spread would be half that size. This spread was comparable to the spread seen in August 1997 when high demand, low stocks, and some refinery problems cause prices to surge. By the end of March the spread had fallen to about 16 cents per gallon, and by mid April was at about 11 cents per gallon as the inventory situation improved. Crude oil prices have also been falling, pulling gasoline spot prices down. Retail prices, which lag behind changes in the spot market, are turning down also. Regular gasoline prices peaked the week of March 20 at $1.53 and fell to $1.48 the week of April 10.

175

Natural Gas Price Uncertainty: Establishing Price Floors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of comprehensive calculations of ceiling and floor prices for natural gas. Ceiling prices are set by the price levels at which it is more economic to switch from natural gas to residual fuel oil in steam units and to distillate in combined cycle units. Switching to distillate is very rare, whereas switching to fuel oil is quite common, varying between winter and summer and increasing when natural gas prices are high or oil prices low. Monthly fuel use was examined for 89 ...

2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

176

Peaks and Valleys: Experimental asset markets with non-monotonic fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the results of an experiment designed to measure how well asset market prices track fundamentals when the latter experience peaks and troughs. We observe greater price efficiency in markets in which fundamentals rise to a peak and then decline, than in markets in which fundamentals decline to a trough and undergo a subsequent increase. The findings demonstrate that the characteristics of the time path of the fundamental value can influence the degree of market efficiency. I.

Charles N. Noussair; Owen Powell

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Do Producer Prices Lead Consumer Prices?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increased rapidly. Excluding food and energy, prices of crude materials and intermediate goods rose at annual rates of 7.2 and 16.7 percent, respectively. At the same time, however, prices of consumer goods and services excluding food and energy increased a more modest 2.9 percent. Many analysts are concerned that recent increases in the prices of crude and intermediate goods may be passed through to consumers, resulting in a higher rate of inflation in consumer prices later this year and perhaps in 1996. This article examines whether price increases at the early stages of production should be expected to move through the production chain, leading to increases in consumer prices. In the first section, a review of basic economic theory suggests there should be a pass-through effectthat is, producer prices should lead and thereby help predict consumer prices. A more sophisticated analysis, though, suggests the pass-through effect may be weak. In the second section, an examination of the empirical evidence indicates that producer prices are not always good predictors of consumer prices. The article Todd E. Clark is an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City. Mangal Goswami, a research associate at the bank, helped prepare the article. concludes that the recent increases in some producer prices do not necessarily signal higher inflation.

E. Clark

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

How regulators should use natural gas price forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural gas prices are critical to a range of regulatory decisions covering both electric and gas utilities. Natural gas prices are often a crucial variable in electric generation capacity planning and in the benefit-cost relationship for energy-efficiency programs. High natural gas prices can make coal generation the most economical new source, while low prices can make natural gas generation the most economical. (author)

Costello, Ken

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

2012 Brief: Average wholesale electricity prices down compared to ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average, on-peak (weekdays from 7:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m.) day-ahead electricity prices were lower across the entire United States in 2012 compared to 2011.

180

Wholesale electricity prices rose across the United States - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average on-peak, day-ahead wholesale electricity prices rose in every region of the Lower 48 states in first-half 2013 compared to first-half 2012.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

2011 Brief: Wholesale electricity prices mostly lower in 2011 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average, on-peak day-ahead electricity prices were lower across most of the United States in 2011. The largest exception was in the ERCOT region (most of Texas) where ...

182

Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last Martin Sereno 1 Feb 2011 (orig. talk: Nov 2004) #12;Oil is the Lifeblood of Industrial Civilization · 80 million barrels/day, 1000 barrels/sec, 1 cubicPods to the roads themselves) · we're not "addicted to oil" -- that's like saying a person has an "addiction

Sereno, Martin

183

Texas Nuclear Profile - Comanche Peak  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Comanche Peak" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

184

Peak oil: diverging discursive pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Peak oil is the claimed moment in time when global oil production reaches its maximum rate and henceforth forever declines. It is highly controversial as (more)

Doctor, Jeff

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

MTBE Prices Responded to Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: On top of the usual factors impacting gasoline prices, natural gas has had some influence recently. MTBE is an oxygenate used in most of the RFG consumed in the U.S. Generally, it follows gasoline prices and its own supply/demand balance factors. But this winter, we saw it respond strongly to natural gas prices. MTBE is made from methanol and isobutylene, which in turn come from methane and butane. Both methane and butane come from natural gas streams. Until this year, the price of natural gas has been so low that it had little effect. But the surge that occurred in December and January pulled MTBE up . Keep in mind that about 11% MTBE is used in a gallon of RFG, so a 30 cent increase in MTBE is only about a 3 cent increase in the price of RFG. While we look ahead at this summer, natural gas prices should be

186

MTBE Prices Responded to Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

On top of the usual factors impacting gasoline prices, natural gas has had some influence recently. ... Both methane and butane come from natural gas streams.

187

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we have raised expected peak prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to $1.55 per gallon (January) compared to $1.43 per gallon in last month's projections. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. Primary distillate inventories in the United States failed to rise significantly in November despite some speculation that previous distributions into secondary and tertiary storage would back up burgeoning production and import volumes into primary storage that month. Average

188

Peaks in Raindrop Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multipeak behavior of raindrop size distributions has been studied. Peaks have been found for distinct drop diameters: 0.7, 1.0, 1.9, and possibly 3.2 mm. The probability is about 65% that at least one of these peaks exists in an observed ...

M. Steiner; A. Waldvogel

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Virginia Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virginia Virginia Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Alexandria AlexandriaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Arlington ArlingtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Chesapeake ChesapeakeGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Hampton HamptonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Newport News NewportNewsGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Norfolk NorfolkGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Portsmouth PortsmouthGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Richmond RichmondGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Virginia Beach VirginiaBeachGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com

190

Illinois Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Illinois Illinois Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Arlington Heights ArlingtonHeightsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Aurora AuroraGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bloomington BloomingtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Champaign ChampaignGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Chicago ChicagoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Decatur DecaturGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Elgin ElginGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Joliet JolietGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Naperville NapervilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

191

Tennessee Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tennessee Tennessee Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Chattanooga ChattanoogaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Clarksville ClarksvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Knoxville KnoxvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Memphis MemphisGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Murfreesboro MurfreesboroGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Nashville NashvilleGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Tennessee Cities TennesseeGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Tennessee Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Tennessee Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

192

Wisconsin Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wisconsin Wisconsin Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Appleton AppletonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Eau Claire EauClaireGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Green Bay GreenBayGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Kenosha KenoshaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Madison MadisonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Milwaukee MilwaukeeGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Wisconsin Cities WisconsinGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Wisconsin Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Wisconsin Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

193

Maryland Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maryland Maryland Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Baltimore BaltimoreGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bethesda BethesdaGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Bowie BowieGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Frederick FrederickGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Gaithersburg GaithersburgGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Maryland Cities MarylandGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Maryland Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Maryland Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Maryland Cities - MapQuest

194

Massachusetts Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Massachusetts Massachusetts Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Boston BostonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Brockton BrocktonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Cambridge CambridgeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Fall River FallRiverGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Haverhill HaverhillGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lawrence LawrenceGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lowell LowellGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Bedford NewBedfordGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Taunton TauntonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

195

Ohio Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ohio Ohio Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Akron AkronGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Cincinnati CincinnatiGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Cleveland ClevelandGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Columbus ColumbusGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Dayton DaytonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Toledo ToledoGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Ohio Cities OhioGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Ohio Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Ohio Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com

196

PRICE & AVAILABILITY UPDATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.3 Price & Availability Updates File when titles transferred to new supplier..................... 5 4.4 Format of the Day element in Availability Dates......................................................... 5 5 Example of Price & Availability Updates transmission....................................................... 5 6 Price & Availability Updates file header............................................................................. 7 Example of a complete Price & Availability Updates file header....................................... 12 7 Price & Availability Updates message level content...................................................... 13 8 Price & Availability Updates line level content............................................................... 14 Example showing Order "line level " segments NOI to DNC.............................................. 21 9 Price & Availability Updates message trailer.................................................................... 21 10 Price & Availability Updates file trailer............................................................................ 22 NOTE: The TRADACOMS Price & Availability Updates message is not recommended for new implementations. The recommended formats for the communication of book product information are the ONIX for Books Product Information message and Supply Update message.

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Oklahoma Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oklahoma Oklahoma Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Lawton LawtonGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Norman NormanGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Oklahoma City OklahomaCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Tulsa TulsaGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Other Oklahoma Cities OklahomaGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Oklahoma Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Oklahoma Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Oklahoma Cities - MapQuest Oklahoma Gas Prices (organized by county, search by ZIP code) -

198

State Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 State Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Volume Price Pipeline (Canada) Eastport, ID..................... 830,351 3.79 802,182 4.71 759,647 2.83 R 623,652 4.72 707,885 5.30 Calais, ME ...................... 123,521 4.50 152,486 4.47 124,991 3.49 R 115,301 R 5.85 102,292 6.44 Detroit, MI ....................... 6,171 3.82 405 9.34 1,948 3.56 2,514 5.96 1,117 6.27 Marysville, MI.................. 0 -- 0 -- 74 3.95 0 -- 303 7.80 St. Clair, MI..................... 17,198 4.45 21,747 4.54 28,441 3.19 5,202 5.84 22,853 6.50 International Falls, MN .... 3,022 2.77 617 4.85 602 3.01 0 -- 0 -- Noyes, MN...................... 469,361 3.75 448,898 4.19 402,621 3.09 R 359,801 5.04 399,298 5.77 Warroad, MN .................. 4,576 3.95 5,318 4.52

199

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction..................................................................................................................................... 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A: Fuel Price Forecast Introduction................................................................................................................................. 3 Price Forecasts............................................................................................................................... 12 Oil Price Forecast Range

200

Three Essays on Retail Price Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Reference Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.4.5 Reference Prices andChain-Level Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Elberg, Andres

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Higher Prices from Entry: Pricing of Brand-Name Drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Distance Figure 6 Cumulative Unexpected Price Effectsand Paul J. Seguin, "Price Volatility, Trading Volume andGoods in Pharmaceutical Price In- dexes," American Economic

Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Suslow, Valerie Y.; Seguin, Paul J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Higher Prices from Entry: Pricing of Brand-Name Drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 Bertrand and Cartel Prices Vary with z 7T, CS L Figure 5Distance Cumulative Abnormal Price Changes (%) Dissimilarof New Drug Figure 6 Cumulative Unexpected Price Effects

Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Suslow, Valerie Y.; Seguin, Paul J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Modeling and simulation of consumer response to dynamic pricing.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessing the impacts of dynamic-pricing under the smart grid concept is becoming extremely important for deciding its full deployment. In this paper, we develop a model that represents the response of consumers to dynamic pricing. In the model, consumers use forecasted day-ahead prices to shift daily energy consumption from hours when the price is expected to be high to hours when the price is expected to be low while maintaining the total energy consumption as unchanged. We integrate the consumer response model into the Electricity Market Complex Adaptive System (EMCAS). EMCAS is an agent-based model that simulates restructured electricity markets. We explore the impacts of dynamic-pricing on price spikes, peak demand, consumer energy bills, power supplier profits, and congestion costs. A simulation of an 11-node test network that includes eight generation companies and five aggregated consumers is performed for a period of 1 month. In addition, we simulate the Korean power system.

Valenzuela, J.; Thimmapuram, P.; Kim, J (Decision and Information Sciences); (Auburn Univ.)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Author's personal copy Synergistic roles of off-peak electrolysis and thermochemical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author's personal copy Synergistic roles of off-peak electrolysis and thermochemical production, but electrolysis can take advantage of low electricity prices during off-peak hours, as well as intermittent and de million tonnes per year by 2023. In Alberta alone, oil sands development is requiring huge quantities

Naterer, Greg F.

205

GETTING THE PRICES RIGHT: AN EVALUATION OF PRICING PARKING BY DEMAND IN SAN FRANCISCO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underpriced and overcrowded curb parking creates problems for everyone except a few lucky drivers who find a cheap space; all the other drivers who cruise to find an open space waste time and fuel, congest traffic, and pollute the air. Overpriced and underoccupied parking also creates problems; when curb spaces remain empty, nearby merchants lose potential customers, workers lose jobs, and cities lose tax revenue. To address these problems, San Francisco has established SFpark, a program that adjusts parking prices to achieve a target parking availability of one or two open spaces on each block. To measure how parking prices affected parking occupancy in San Francisco we calculated the price elasticity of demand for onstreet parking revealed by 5,294 individual price and occupancy changes during the programs first year. Price elasticity varies greatly by time of day, location, and several other factors, with an average value of 0.4. The average meter price fell 1 percent during the first year, so SFpark adjusted prices up and down according to local demand without increasing prices overall. The city can improve the program by making drivers more aware of the variable prices, reducing the abuse of disabled parking placards, and introducing seasonal adjustments for parking prices.

Gregory Pierce; Donald Shoup

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The New Era of Corn, Soybean, and Wheat Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prices have changed so much for what we sell and buy that it is almost impossible to feel confident in the decisions you make.-- Agriculture Online, July 5, 2008 Prices of corn, soybeans, and wheat started moving higher in the fall of 2006 and have remained generally high and well above average prices in the previous 30 years. These higher prices, and the volatility associated with the higher prices, have resulted in the kind of uncertainty reflected in the quote above. Are higher prices here to stay? If so, what is the expected level and variability of prices during the new era? From a producers standpoint, the question really is, What is a good price for corn, soybeans and wheat? These questions

Darrel Good; Scott Irwin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

South Carolina Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Pipeline and Distribution Use Price : 1967-2005: Citygate Price: ...

208

All Price Tables.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

8. Coal and Retail Electricity Prices and Expenditures, Ranked by State, 2011 Rank Coal Retail Electricity Prices Expenditures Prices Expenditures State Dollars per Million Btu...

209

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail distillate prices follow the spot distillate markets, and crude oil prices have been the main driver behind distillate spot price increases until recently.

210

Examination Procedure for Price Verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... advertised or displayed at the same price that was ... to permit 2 % of products to be inaccurately priced? ... overall quality of a store's pricing practices. ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

C. Uniform Unit Pricing Regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to permit retail stores that voluntarily provide unit pricing to present prices using various ... with requirements that specify that the unit price is to be ...

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

212

Natural Gas Spot Prices:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 of 26 4 of 26 Notes: Spot wellhead prices last summer averaged well over $4.00 per thousand cubic feet during a normally low-price season. During the fall, these prices stayed above $5.00 per thousand cubic feet, more than double the year-ago average price. In January, the spot wellhead price averaged a record $8.98 per thousand cubic feet. Spot prices at the wellhead have never been this high for such a prolonged period. The chief reason for these sustained high gas prices was, and still is, uneasiness about the supply situation. Concern about the adequacy of winter supplies loomed throughout most of the summer and fall as storage levels remained significantly depressed. Last December, the most severe assumptions about low storage levels became real, when the spot price

213

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 4.79: 4.68: 4.54: 4.47: 4.26: 4.33: 1989-2013: ...

214

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) Area: ... History; Citygate Price: 4.74: 4.99: 4.52: 4.48: 4.13: NA: ...

215

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 6.72: 8.18: 11.03: NA: NA: 7.19: 1989-2013: ...

216

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) ... History; Citygate Price: 6.14: 7.58: 8.34: 7.51: 7.39: 6.16: 1989-2013: ...

217

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet, except where noted) Area: ... History; Citygate Price: 4.81: 5.12: 5.31: 4.92: 4.64: NA: ...

218

Diesel prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's down 0.4 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Diesel prices were highest in...

219

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. OPECs Optimal Crude Oil Price, Energy Policy 32(2),Figure 3. Price of crude oil contract maturing December ofbarrels per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Diesel prices decrease slightly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices decrease slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 3-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Diesel prices rise slightly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices rise slightly The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 4.16 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2-tenths of a penny from a week ago, based...

222

Diesel prices slightly decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2013 Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's down 1.1 cents from a week ago, based on...

223

Diesel prices slightly decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell slightly to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

224

Diesel prices increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the...

225

Retail Propane Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 Notes: Consistent with spot prices, residential propane prices have been higher all winter than during the past several years. The recent surge is mainly the result of the surge...

226

Career Services Pricing Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Job/Resume Posting and Prices Career Services Pricing Information Career Services Career Services chemistry jobs classifieds employment fats global help wanted job Jobs member membership network oils science jobs ...

227

Black Peak and Enchantments - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Black Peak, North Cascades. A nice two day outing. We hiked on the Maple Pass trail, from Hwy. 20, to Heather Pass, and then on a path to Lewis lake, where...

228

EIA Energy Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This publication includes total energy production, consumption, and trade; energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, ...

229

EIA Oil price timeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, ... Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions.

230

Price Sound Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Price Sound Laboratory. NVLAP Lab Code: 200874-0. Address and Contact Information: 638 RALEIGH STREET WINNIPEG ...

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

231

Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? , QuarterlyS. , A. Shepard. Sticky Prices, Inventories, and MarketGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions, Review of

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Real-time pricing -- supplanted by Price-risk derivatives?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Future trends in pricing options for wholesale electrical generation are discussed. Specifically, the effect of price derivatives on electricity consumption are examined. Economic analyses are presented for customer demand in real-time pricing scenarios with and without a price derivative hedge. It is determined that consumption will be curtailed even when price caps have been purchased. Consumption behavior is also analyzed to determine the effect of different price caps; regardless of price, consumption is curtailed in response to price.

O`Sheasy, M.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.04 8.71 6.70 6.14 5.65 4.88 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.02 12.81 10.76 10.34 9.77 9.23 1967-2012 Percentage of...

234

Asymmetric Wholesale Pricing: Theory and Evidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asymmetric pricing or asymmetric price adjustment is the phenomenon where prices rise more readily than they fall. We offer and provide empirical support for a new theory of asymmetric pricing in wholesale prices. Wholesale prices may adjust asymmetrically ... Keywords: asymmetric price adjustment, asymmetric pricing, channel of distribution, channel pricing, cost of price adjustment, economic model, menu cost, retailing, scanner data, wholesale price

Sourav Ray; Haipeng (Allan) Chen; Mark E. Bergen; Daniel Levy

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Study on TOU Price Implantation Effect on Huainan Resident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time-of-use (TOU) tariff is an important means toad just the residential electricity consumption behavior and reduce the difference between the peak and valley load. This paper sets up a residential electricity consumption inclination model by extracting ... Keywords: TOU electricity price, Valley quantity coefficient, Peak shifting, valley filling, Electricity costs

Li Mei; Wan Qiulan

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Utility spot pricing study : Wisconsin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spot pricing covers a range of electric utility pricing structures which relate the marginal costs of electric generation to the prices seen by utility customers. At the shortest time frames prices change every five ...

Caramanis, Michael C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Information-Based Asset Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new framework for asset price dynamics is introduced in which the concept of noisy information about future cash flows is used to derive the price processes. In this framework an asset is defined by its cash-flow structure. Each cash flow is modelled by a random variable that can be expressed as a function of a collection of independent random variables called market factors. With each such "X-factor" we associate a market information process, the values of which are accessible to market agents. Each information process is a sum of two terms; one contains true information about the value of the market factor; the other represents "noise". The noise term is modelled by an independent Brownian bridge. The market filtration is assumed to be that generated by the aggregate of the independent information processes. The price of an asset is given by the expectation of the discounted cash flows in the risk-neutral measure, conditional on the information provided by the market filtration. When the cash flows are th...

Brody, Dorje C; Macrina, Andrea

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

A statistical analysis of the natural gas futures market : the interplay of sentiment, volatility and prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper attempts to understand the price dynamics of the North American natural gas market through a statistical survey that includes an analysis of the variables influencing the price and volatility of this energy ...

Fazzio, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Time based rate programs include real-time pricing, critical peak pricing, variable peak pricing and time-of-use rates, also known as dynamic pricing programs.

240

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Natural Gas Industrial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

242

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

243

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

244

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

245

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.72 7.50 3.16 3.64 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.66 8.22 3.88 4.13 3.75 2.45 1989-2012 Exports Price 6.16 8.14 3.63 4.05 3.82 2.40 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.42 7.71 5.63 5.17 5.11 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 9.91 11.45 9.50 8.64 8.80 8.06 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 99.9 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.76 11.32 9.41 8.54 8.66 7.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.5 79.6 49.2 54.6 53.3 52.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.75 11.04 9.06 8.07 8.13 7.54 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

246

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.02 8.73 3.82 4.23 1967-2010 Imports Price 6.98 9.76 3.89 4.84 7.57 7.98 1989-2012 Exports Price -- -- -- 7.07 9.63 11.80 2007-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.22 9.58 5.96 5.43 5.67 3.48 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.20 15.49 13.15 11.73 11.37 11.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.83 13.52 10.46 9.88 9.36 8.44 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.0 98.4 92.0 85.9 83.6 78.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.08 9.32 4.31 4.68 4.25 2.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices

247

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.86 6.22 2.97 3.98 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.67 8.12 5.87 5.62 5.11 4.31 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.15 11.11 9.34 8.95 8.84 8.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.7 87.1 87.8 87.4 87.3 85.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.19 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 63.9 57.5 61.3 60.6 60.6 55.8 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.97 9.12 6.02 5.85 5.61 4.34 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 9.7 10.2 8.9 8.2 7.6 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 15.10 15.29 1994-2012 Electric Power Price

248

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

249

Fundamentals Explain High Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: One can use a simple model to deal with price/fundamental relationships. This one predicts monthly average WTI price as a function of OECD total petroleum stock deviations from the normal levels . The graph shows the model as it begins predicting prices in 1992. It shows how well the model has predicted not only the direction, but the magnitude of prices over this 8+ year period. While the model is simple and not perfect, it does predict the overall trends and, in particular, the recent rise in prices. It also shows that prices may have over-shot the fundamental balance for a while -- at least partially due to speculative concerns over Mideast tensions, winter supply adequacy, and Iraq's export policies. Prices now seem to be correcting, and may even undershoot briefly

250

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

251

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

252

Energy prices, production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 price U K P ./kW h CHP adoption electyricity price to gas price ratio Figure 3. Energy price and CHP annual adoption (UK). Source: DTI (2002b) -5.00% 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20... .00% 199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002 an nu al g ro w th r at e in C H P a do pt io n 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 price U K P ./kW h CHP adoption Gas price 10 Gas prices leveled off from 1996 onwards and then increased considerably growing by 33% during 1999-2002. In recent...

Bonilla, David

253

Consumer Prices During  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

City Gate City Gate City gate prices represent the total cost paid by gas distribu- tion companies for gas received at the point where the gas is physically transferred from a pipeline company or trans- mission system. This price is intended to reflect all charges for the acquisition, storage, and transportation of gas as well as other charges associated with the LDC's obtaining the gas for sale to consumers. Prices paid at the city gate by local distribution companies rose substantially between 1995 and 1996, climbing from $2.78 per thousand cubic feet to $3.27, an increase of 18 percent. Residential Residential consumers pay the highest price for natural gas. It increased to $6.34 per thousand cubic feet from the 1995 price of $6.06 per thousand cubic feet. However, the 1996 price was 1 percent lower than the 1994 price. In recent years, only modest changes in constant dollars have been

254

Connecticut Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Connecticut Connecticut Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Bridgeport BridgeportGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Hartford HartfordGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Haven NewHavenGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Stamford Automotive.com MapQuest.com Waterbury Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Hartford Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Connecticut Cities ConnecticutGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Connecticut Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com Connecticut Gas Prices (organized by county) - Automotive.com Gas Prices of the United States: Connecticut Cities - MapQuest

255

Off peak ice storage generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Due to the high costs associated with peak demand charges imposed by most electrical companies today, various means of shifting the peak HVAC load have been identified by the industry. This paper discusses the results of a study based upon a building site located in the high desert of the southwestern United States that evaluated ice storage as a mechanism of operating cost reductions. The discussion addresses both the seasonal and the annual cost and energy impacts of an ice storage system when used in place of an air-to-air heat pump system.

Davis, R.E.; Cerbo, F.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

THE SIMPLE ECONOMICS OF COMMODITY PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70, and in July 2008 it peaked at $145. By late 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing to $110 in 2011. Are speculators at least partly to blame for these sharp price changes? We clarify the effects of speculators on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We explain the meaning of oil price speculation, how it can occur, and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, inventories, or derivatives (such as futures contracts). Turning to the data, we calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation is consistent with data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Oil price shocks: Testing a macroeconomic model  

SciTech Connect

The main research objective was to answer the following question: Will Consumer Price Index forecast models utilizing computer oil-consumption ratios have better predictive capability as indicated by lower numerical differences from actual results than a model utilizing oil prices as the energy-related variable Multiple linear regressions were run on the components of the United States CPI to reduce them to a kernel set with meaningful predictive capability. New linear regressions were run with this kernel set and crude oil prices during the 1973 to 1984 time period. Crude oil prices were rationalized with a 1972 = 100 based index of GNP base petroleum consumption, the index of net energy imports, and the index of petroleum imports to create new oil substitute constructs to be used in multiple regressions with the CPI. Predictions obtained from the model were compared with actual results in the 1985-1987 time period to determine which model version showed the greatest predictive power. Results of the model tests show that oil prices are strongly related to the CPI, but neither the use of oil prices or the index of GNP-based petroleum consumption produced results that closely predict future prices.

Williams, D.D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Imports Price 7.25 9.09 4.05 5.37 5.30 13.82 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.24 10.23 8.02 6.49 6.26 5.67 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.17 16.07 13.73 12.44 12.10 12.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 79.3 77.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87 10.29 10.00 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 27.3 24.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 11.59 13.46 10.70 9.05 8.61 8.01 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.8 6.3 5.3 5.3 5.5 5.1 1997-2012

259

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 7.44 9.65 4.32 4.46 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.78 9.84 7.61 6.46 5.80 5.18 1984-2012 Residential Price 18.14 18.30 18.12 15.79 15.08 16.20 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34 12.36 12.55 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 79.8 80.2 78.8 79.3 78.9 76.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.70 10.57 6.48 6.64 5.57 4.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 24.0 27.2 27.9 23.7 23.5 22.1 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012

260

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.32 10.34 5.90 4.86 4.77 3.69 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.34 10.29 8.29 7.74 7.04 6.03 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.99 17.18 14.85 14.53 13.81 13.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 85.0 85.6 85.4 89.3 87.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.08 15.25 12.85 12.00 11.68 10.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 65.3 57.9 56.9 52.1 50.0 48.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 14.83 15.23 12.07 10.41 10.14 9.82 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 29.9 20.6 21.1 19.4 20.6 17.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.84 13.80 12.99 12.48 4.28 14.81 1990-2012

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 8.51 9.74 6.34 6.54 5.81 4.90 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1982-2005 Citygate Price 10.03 10.66 9.33 8.29 7.98 6.63 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.99 18.31 17.29 16.14 16.17 16.73 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.79 14.31 12.96 11.82 11.90 12.09 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100 100 100 100 100 100 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.08 9.60 7.93 6.57 6.09 4.89 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 78.0 79.6 77.9 77.1 80.9 100.0 1997-2012 Electric Power Price 7.72 9.14 5.66 5.73 5.26 4.14 1997-2012

262

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 9.35 10.39 7.81 7.04 6.28 5.52 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.66 16.22 14.74 12.90 12.46 11.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.2 88.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.24 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 48.5 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.64 12.09 9.19 8.23 9.86 9.58 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.4 5.7 4.5 3.8 2.0 1.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 10.83 8.30 5.15 3.76 3.40 7.96 1990-2012

263

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.78 7.58 4.05 4.13 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.83 8.94 5.59 5.52 4.97 4.23 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.29 12.65 10.81 8.63 9.46 8.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 95.0 93.6 94.1 94.6 94.5 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.68 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 78.1 77.9 73.9 72.5 70.2 67.5 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.45 10.48 6.91 5.65 6.53 6.19 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 7.4 6.7 7.0 5.6 3.5 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.09 7.94 4.08 5.19 13.24 12.29 1990-2012

264

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price NA NA NA NA 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.97 9.73 5.76 5.49 5.07 3.93 1984-2012 Residential Price 20.61 21.07 20.18 17.89 18.16 18.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.0 97.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 38.5 37.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.56 11.72 9.41 8.33 8.07 6.96 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.0 2.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

265

Utah Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utah Utah Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Layton LaytonGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Ogden OgdenGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Orem OremGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Provo ProvoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Salt Lake City SaltLakeCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Sandy SandyGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Jordan WestJordanGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com West Valley City WestValleyCityGasPrices.com Other Utah Cities UtahGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Utah Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com

266

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.67 10.24 6.81 6.58 5.92 5.12 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.39 17.85 14.81 14.93 13.83 14.17 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 96.7 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 8.40 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 71.5 70.7 69.0 65.4 65.4 65.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.54 12.63 8.44 9.60 9.16 8.83 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 50.0 47.3 37.5 31.1 31.0 32.3 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Electric Power Price 7.81 10.48 4.89 5.70 5.09 3.99 1997-2012

267

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.27 5.33 4.00 4.92 1979-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.14 8.82 7.79 6.78 5.84 5.21 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.65 13.89 14.52 12.49 11.76 11.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.36 11.57 11.86 10.10 9.60 8.91 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 98.5 98.5 98.4 97.4 97.4 96.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.30 9.07 9.70 7.05 6.84 5.87 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 21.8 20.1 18.9 17.1 17.1 16.7 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 6.59 8.03 7.11 5.61 4.23 4.57 1992-2012

268

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.98 7.09 3.19 4.11 1967-2010 Exports Price 6.94 8.09 3.79 4.57 4.28 3.07 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.25 8.49 7.21 6.59 5.91 4.68 1984-2012 Residential Price 17.21 17.60 17.65 15.87 15.04 15.75 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72 9.99 9.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 93.4 93.1 88.0 88.7 87.8 86.6 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.49 10.47 8.19 7.54 6.86 5.78 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 31.3 29.6 29.1 25.5 24.2 21.4 1997-2012

269

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 4.57 6.94 3.21 3.96 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.23 6.98 5.09 5.26 4.94 4.26 1984-2012 Residential Price 8.84 9.77 8.80 8.13 8.25 8.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58 7.84 7.58 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 95.7 95.2 94.8 94.6 93.8 92.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.21 8.76 6.57 5.84 6.42 5.79 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.5 0.6 0.5 5.2 7.5 6.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012

270

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.63 7.39 2.93 3.17 1967-2010 Exports Price 6.21 7.69 8.59 12.19 12.88 15.71 1989-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1970-2005 Citygate Price 6.75 6.74 8.22 6.67 6.53 6.14 1988-2012 Residential Price 8.68 8.72 10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78 8.09 8.09 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.0 74.9 85.3 87.7 88.6 94.9 1990-2012 Industrial Price 4.67 5.49 4.02 4.23 3.84 5.11 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 70.0 78.2 72.5 70.5 60.8 100.0 1997-2012

271

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 5.69 6.85 3.16 4.23 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.27 8.85 6.12 6.08 5.53 4.74 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.97 13.00 11.10 10.61 9.93 10.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.04 12.24 10.01 9.65 8.89 8.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 64.8 64.9 65.7 66.0 62.6 59.7 1990-2012 Industrial Price 7.17 9.42 4.59 5.49 5.28 3.95 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 5.9 7.8 6.7 7.0 9.5 8.8 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price -- -- -- -- 9.87 9.00 1994-2012

272

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 1967-1997 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.53 8.03 7.06 6.17 5.85 5.27 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.42 13.36 12.61 11.66 12.02 12.25 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28 9.99 9.54 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 76.9 77.5 76.7 76.5 73.1 69.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 10.84 11.32 9.55 8.70 8.54 7.93 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 12.8 13.9 13.2 13.1 13.4 12.5 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.44 8.66 7.86 6.34 6.11 5.64 1994-2012

273

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Wellhead Price 6.61 8.72 3.43 3.84 1967-2010 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 8.55 8.88 7.86 6.76 6.27 5.36 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.08 14.09 13.39 11.53 11.46 11.82 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89 8.90 7.99 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 70.4 64.5 59.4 55.6 51.5 40.2 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.51 10.56 8.44 7.28 7.44 6.38 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 4.2 3.9 3.7 2.8 2.1 1.9 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012

274

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 7.80 8.28 5.62 5.69 5.27 4.84 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.76 11.91 9.83 9.57 9.54 9.46 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.97 10.25 7.88 7.81 7.55 7.13 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 77.7 75.8 72.5 72.0 72.1 72.3 1990-2012 Industrial Price 8.56 9.32 6.23 6.10 5.78 4.70 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 6.5 6.6 6.4 5.8 5.5 5.2 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel Price 11.68 -- -- -- -- -- 1990-2012 Electric Power Price 7.73 W W W W 3.84 1997-2012

275

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 7.57 9.77 4.48 4.94 4.40 3.45 1999-2012 Exports Price -- -- 5.62 4.53 4.46 4.30 2007-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 10.46 13.47 8.64 8.19 8.14 7.73 1984-2012 Residential Price 16.90 17.47 16.43 14.14 14.20 15.94 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.82 15.87 13.94 11.71 11.69 12.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 46.2 45.0 51.0 45.0 45.8 42.1 1990-2012 Industrial Price 13.40 14.89 9.12 11.23 10.89 10.35 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 0.8 0.8 1.2 0.6 0.5 0.4 1997-2012

276

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Imports Price 6.31 7.88 3.86 4.19 3.90 2.59 1989-2012 Exports Price -- 7.43 4.49 5.85 4.74 -- 1999-2012 Pipeline and Distribution Use Price 1967-2005 Citygate Price 6.68 7.48 5.63 4.82 4.65 4.07 1984-2012 Residential Price 11.47 11.07 10.54 8.95 8.80 8.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21 8.09 7.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Commercial Deliveries included in Prices 84.8 86.0 83.7 82.0 80.8 77.0 1990-2012 Industrial Price 9.39 9.18 8.53 6.39 6.36 5.73 1997-2012 Percentage of Total Industrial Deliveries included in Prices 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.9 1997-2012

277

Energy, power, and office buildings : design and analysis of an off-peak cooling system using structural mass storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the electric utilities face ever increasing peak power production requirements, (mostly from the commercial sector) scheduled "time-of-day" pricing schemes have become imperative. At present, most conservation strategies ...

Mathis, Rory Christopher

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Impact of the allowance allocation on prices and efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than CCGTs. In the short-term, electricity prices are set by the marginal unit. The marginal units tend to be those consuming fossil fuels, and as such are always exposed to CO2 allowance prices. Therefore, the price of electricity can be expected... ). Variable costs of both plants are determined mainly by their marginal fuel costs. At present (June 2005), PC plants operate for more hours per year than 4 Even the US SO2 cap offered limited...

Neuhoff, Karsten; Grubb, Michael; Keats, Kim

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

279

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disruptions, and the peak in U.S. oil production account foroil increased 81.1% (logarithmically) between January 1979 and the peak

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and past heating season. As you can see, prices have started the heating season, about 40 to 50 cents per gallon higher than last year at this time. The data presented are from EIA's State Heating Oil and Propane Program. We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly. These data will also be used to determine the price trigger mechanism for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. The data are published at a State and regional level on our web site. The slide is to give you some perspective of what is happening in these markets, since you probably will get a number of calls from local residents about their heating fuels bills

282

prices | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

prices prices Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is Table 12, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses 2009 dollars per gallon. The data is broken down into crude oil prices, residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and refined petroleum product prices. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Petroleum prices Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Petroleum Product Prices- Reference Case (xls, 129.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035

283

Transmission Price Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is concerned with the financial risks that arise from the uncertain price of transmission service in restructured or competitive electricity markets. These risks are most severe in markets with locational pricing (LMP), but they also exist in more traditionally organized electricity markets. This report has two main purposes. The first is to review the existing mathematical models of electricity price formation in spot and forward markets that may be helpful as the foundations for developing ...

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

284

Michigan Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Michigan Michigan Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Ann Arbor AnnArborGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Battle Creek BattleCreekGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Detroit DetroitGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Flint FlintGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Grand Rapids GrandRapidsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Kalamazoo KalamazooGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lansing LansingGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Sterling Heights SterlingHeightsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Michigan Cities MichiganGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com

285

Iowa Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Iowa Iowa Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Ames AmesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Cedar Rapids CedarRapidsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Council Bluffs CouncilBluffsGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Des Moines DesMoinesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Dubuque DubuqueGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Iowa City IowaCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Quad Cities QuadCitiesGasPrices.com Sioux City SiouxCityGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Waterloo WaterlooGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Iowa Cities

286

Louisiana Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Louisiana Louisiana Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Baton Rouge BatonRougeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lafayette LafayetteGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Lake Charles LakeCharlesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Metairie MetairieGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Monroe MonroeGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com New Orleans NewOrleansGasPrices.com Automotive.com Mapquest.com Shreveport ShreveportGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Other Louisiana Cities LouisianaGasPrices.com (search by city or ZIP code) - GasBuddy.com Louisiana Gas Prices (selected cities) - GasBuddy.com

287

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

288

Crude Price & Differential  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... , making it more competitive with other boiler fuels, and the price of residual fuel relative to crude oil increases. Thus, both the light ...

289

,"Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","72013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","9302013"...

290

,"Texas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Texas Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

291

Residential Price - Marketers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

292

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

293

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

294

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

295

Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

296

Natural Gas Exports Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

297

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By:...

298

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

299

Retail Propane Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

19 Notes: Residential propane prices rose fairly strongly during the 1999-2000 heating season, gaining nearly 25 cents per gallon between October and March. Unfortunately,...

300

CA Following World Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light-heavy crude differentials fell and stayed down until the later part of 1997. Crude prices continued to weaken, but the light heavy difference ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

,"Wyoming Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wyoming Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

302

,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Iowa Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

303

,"Nebraska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nebraska Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

304

,"Vermont Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Vermont Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301980" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

305

,"Ohio Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Ohio Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

306

,"California Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

307

,"Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

308

,"Maryland Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maryland Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

309

,"Michigan Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Michigan Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

310

,"Illinois Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Illinois Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

311

,"Kansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kansas Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

312

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arkansas Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

313

,"Texas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

314

,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Arizona Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

315

,"Minnesota Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

316

,"Florida Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Florida Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

317

,"Tennessee Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Tennessee Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

318

,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Colorado Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

319

,"Virginia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Virginia Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

320

,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

,"Washington Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Washington Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

322

,"Maine Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Maine Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

323

,"Louisiana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

324

,"Utah Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Utah Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

325

,"Oregon Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Oregon Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

326

,"Mississippi Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

327

,"Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

328

,"Nevada Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Nevada Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

329

,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Delaware Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

330

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

331

,"Kentucky Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Kentucky Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

332

,"Montana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Montana Natural Gas Prices",13,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

333

,"Idaho Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Prices",12,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

334

,"Missouri Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Missouri Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

335

,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Georgia Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

336

,"Indiana Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Indiana Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

337

,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alabama Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

338

,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Connecticut Natural Gas Prices",10,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

339

,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Alaska Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6301967" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

340

,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Hawaii Natural Gas Prices",8,"Annual",2012,"6301980" ,"Release Date:","10312013" ,"Next Release...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Price-Anderson Act  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Price-Anderson Act (PAA) provides a system of indemnification for legal liability resulting from a nuclear incident in connection with contractual activity for DOE.

342

,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","72013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","9302013" ,"Next Release...

343

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Prices are in ...

344

,"Idaho Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Idaho Natural Gas Prices",8,"Monthly","102013","1151989" ,"Release Date:","172014"...

345

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power price data are for regulated electric ... Gas volumes delivered for vehicle fuel are included in the State monthly totals from January ...

346

California Gasoline Price Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California California Exit Fueleconomy.gov The links below are to pages that are not part of the fueleconomy.gov. We offer these external links for your convenience in accessing additional information that may be useful or interesting to you. Selected Cities Bakersfield BakersfieldGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Fresno FresnoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Los Angeles LosAngelesGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Modesto ModestoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Oakland OaklandGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Orange County OrangeCountyGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com Riverside RiversideGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com San Bernardino SanBernardinoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com San Diego SanDiegoGasPrices.com Automotive.com MapQuest.com

347

,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Iowa Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

348

,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Alabama Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

349

,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Georgia Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

350

,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Connecticut Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

351

,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Colorado Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

352

,"California Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"California Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

353

,"Florida Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Florida Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

354

,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Arkansas Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

355

,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Arizona Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

356

,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Alaska Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

357

,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Delaware Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

358

,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Workbook Contents" ,"Hawaii Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for"...

359

METHOD OF PEAK CURRENT MEASUREMENT  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The measurement and recording of peak electrical currents are described, and a method for utilizing the magnetic field of the current to erase a portion of an alternating constant frequency and amplitude signal from a magnetic mediums such as a magnetic tapes is presented. A portion of the flux from the current carrying conductor is concentrated into a magnetic path of defined area on the tape. After the current has been recorded, the tape is played back. The amplitude of the signal from the portion of the tape immediately adjacent the defined flux area and the amplitude of the signal from the portion of the tape within the area are compared with the amplitude of the signal from an unerased portion of the tape to determine the percentage of signal erasure, and thereby obtain the peak value of currents flowing in the conductor.

Baker, G.E.

1959-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

360

Using Environmental Emissions Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from the California Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thePermit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thehigher wholesale electricity prices, during the third and

Kolstad, Jonathan; Wolak, Frank

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Evaluation of concurrent peak responses  

SciTech Connect

This report deals with the problem of combining two or more concurrent responses which are induced by dynamic loads acting on nuclear power plant structures. Specifically, the acceptability of using the square root of the sum of the squares (SRSS) value of peak values as the combined response is investigated. Emphasis is placed on the establishment of a simplified criterion that is convenient and relatively easy to use by design engineers.

Wang, P.C.; Curreri, J.; Reich, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Pricing of electricity in Indonesia  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this study are 1) to establish a sound theoretical basis for the determinants of electricity demand in Indonesia, 2) to measure the welfare losses of existing electricity pricing, and 3) to suggest a method of reducing these welfare losses. An econometric model for electricity demand is estimated using pooled time-series of fifteen regions in Indonesia covering the period 1970-1979. The short run price elasticities for both residential and industrial/business sectors are found to be inelastic, while the long run price elasticities for these sectors are found to be quite elastic with a value of -.61 for the residential sector and of -1.1 for the industrial/business sector. Income elasticity is .8 in the short run and around 1.00 for the long run. The exposure variable that captures the accessibility of electricity, has long run elasticity of 1.00 for the residential sector and less than 1.00 for the industrial/business sector. Due to distributional considerations, the 1980's electricity rate was set below its efficient level, and has created a welfare loss of Rp.8273.23 million per month. This accounts for 36.03% of the monthly electricity revenue. A rebate mechanism is recommended in this study, which provides a way to mitigate conflicting aspects of efficiency and equity.

Amarullah, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Utility spot pricing, California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the present spot pricing study carried out for SCE and PG&E is to develop the concepts which wculd lead to an experimental design for spot pricing in the two utilities. The report suggests a set of experiments ...

Schweppe, Fred C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

High Electricity Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generators supplying electricity markets are subject to volatile input and output prices and uncertain fuel availability. Price-risk may be hedged to a considerable extent but fuel-risk water flows in the case of hydro and gas availability in the case of thermal plants may not be. We show that a price-taking generator will only generate when the output price exceeds its marginal cost by an amount that reflects the value of the option to delay the use of stored fuel. The corresponding offer price is different from the theorized offer prices of static uniform auctions and more akin to pay-as-bid auction prices. We argue that the option value of delaying fuel use, which is an increasing function of spot price volatility and the uncertainty about fuel availability, must be considered when evaluating whether market power is present in electricity markets. The engineering approach to simulating an electricity supply curve, which has been used in market power evaluations to date, may lead to supply curves that are quite different from those that recognize possible fuel availability limitations, even in the complete absence of market power.

Kevin Counsell; Graeme Guthrie; Steen Videbeck

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

California Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.43 9.92 9.93 9.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.5 99.3 98.9 98.5 98.3 97.4 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.75 7.75 8.30 8.28...

366

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.32 10.47 9.96 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 94.5 94.0 93.7 91.9 92.1 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.02 10.66 9.38 8.95 9.14 8.34...

367

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.45 18.00 18.88 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.3 96.9 96.3 96.3 96.6 96.4 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.24 7.71 8.57 8.59 8.19 8.51...

368

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.95 8.22 8.44 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.03 7.74 7.57 6.83...

369

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.80 8.13 8.25 8.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 8.10 9.01 7.56 7.58...

370

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.56 15.62 15.52 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.5 84.9 83.4 84.8 86.6 86.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.04 8.26 NA 12.27 12.69...

371

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

44.50 55.28 52.86 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 28.31 39.01 30.00 36.55...

372

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

46.54 48.35 47.10 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 47.66 44.78 42.04 39.71...

373

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.45 20.55 20.92 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.9 94.3 95.8 96.3 96.9 97.1 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.02 7.81 NA 11.14 11.58...

374

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.13 10.78 9.84 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.74 12.77 10.42 9.25...

375

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.73 12.72 12.52 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.1 89.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.99 12.81 10.31 9.55...

376

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

19.64 22.31 24.12 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.25 11.64 12.74 13.72...

377

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.02 10.44 10.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.4 95.7 95.5 95.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.29 13.25 10.89 8.61 8.78...

378

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

21.40 23.86 24.98 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.22 8.78 9.48 11.32 NA...

379

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.49 13.53 13.60 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.34 7.44 7.87 7.47...

380

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.12 10.32 11.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.94 11.54 10.59 9.77...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.54 13.68 14.03 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.84 7.09 7.64 8.62...

382

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

21.45 22.76 23.39 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.7 NA 98.2 97.8 97.8 97.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.02 11.18 10.63 11.39 11.21...

383

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.25 10.66 10.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.03 11.21 10.92 9.77...

384

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.85 NA 12.66 12.76 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.05 7.38 7.19 7.58...

385

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.83 9.57 9.54 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.97 10.25 7.88 7.81...

386

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.08 12.85 12.88 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.48 6.85 7.51 8.17...

387

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.65 16.46 16.57 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.65 8.53 8.98 9.96...

388

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.01 21.87 21.86 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.39 8.95 8.93 8.99...

389

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.52 15.57 16.64 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 89.1 88.3 87.3 88.0 NA 88.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.33 6.34 6.53 7.25 NA NA...

390

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.00 22.97 23.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.53 11.62 11.68 11.97...

391

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.39 8.58 8.72 8.43 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 54.0 77.3 77.8 75.4 75.6 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.89 8.87 8.01 7.13 7.29 6.92...

392

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.65 15.87 15.04 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.84 13.01 12.15 10.72...

393

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.43 14.14 14.20 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.9 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.82 15.87 13.94 11.71...

394

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.61 9.93 10.18 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.04 12.24 10.01 9.65...

395

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.97 NA 20.70 19.90 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.6 88.3 88.1 NA 86.4 88.8 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.21 9.11 9.52 9.96 10.36 10.09...

396

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.16 13.22 14.39 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.04 6.38 6.56 6.78...

397

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.34 8.95 8.84 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.7 87.1 87.8 87.4 87.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.16 9.62 7.44 7.08 6.69 6.17...

398

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.46 10.21 9.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.99 13.01 10.67 9.39...

399

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.57 15.79 16.92 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 75.4 74.8 71.8 72.7 74.9 73.8 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.21 6.04 6.43 7.28 8.31 7.91...

400

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.45 16.48 18.75 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 75.1 73.5 72.5 71.2 77.7 69.6 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.30 10.67 11.84 12.79 NA...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.99 9.52 9.84 9.27 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.45 8.33 8.58 8.79...

402

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.85 14.53 13.81 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.9 85.0 85.6 85.4 89.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.08 15.25 12.85 12.00 11.68...

403

California Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.40 11.08 10.94 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.7 95.6 95.4 95.3 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.41 NA 7.85 8.46 8.03 8.05...

404

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.90 12.46 11.97 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 91.2 88.6 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47...

405

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.66 12.02 12.31 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.82 12.02 10.81 10.28...

406

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.25 10.19 9.47 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.5 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 11.12 12.48 9.48 8.75...

407

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.59 17.76 18.15 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price NA NA 13.57 11.07 11.44...

408

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NA 14.63 16.02 16.53 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.6 90.7 NA 77.2 72.2 70.5 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.44 11.17 11.43 9.86 9.80...

409

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.53 11.46 11.77 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.07 11.32 10.72 8.89...

410

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.23 8.89 8.77 8.47 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 7.57 8.66 9.51 8.78...

411

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.79 15.09 16.35 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 15.06 15.58 14.94 13.34...

412

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11.69 NA 20.41 20.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.17 9.00 10.16 NA...

413

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.34 11.67 11.86 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.8 99.7 99.8 99.8 99.7 99.6 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.80 8.02 9.09 9.79 10.05...

414

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.81 14.93 13.83 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.2 97.7 97.5 97.3 96.8 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.61 13.81 9.92 9.55 8.48 NA...

415

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.76 10.34 9.77 9.23 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.36 11.18 8.95 8.53...

416

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.30 15.17 15.72 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.21 14.30 11.70 10.95...

417

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.64 15.42 15.67 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.18 8.87 9.19 9.28...

418

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.99 8.76 8.85 7.97 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.14 10.52 7.96 7.60...

419

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.68 13.68 13.95 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 91.9 90.7 90.1 92.4 91.3 91.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.51 7.84 8.78 9.69 10.30...

420

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.82 22.69 23.37 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price NA 7.03 7.59 7.04 7.40...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Texas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.66 12.16 NA NA NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.63 7.32 7.66 8.50...

422

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.07 14.86 16.01 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.84 6.66 7.31 8.29...

423

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

17.89 18.16 18.51 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 98.1 97.8 1989-2012 Commercial Price 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60...

424

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.12 15.38 15.24 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 14.48 14.24 15.87 13.26...

425

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.87 19.85 20.26 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.3 86.5 86.3 87.2 87.5 87.5 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.87 10.27 11.46 12.38 12.89...

426

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

16.14 16.17 16.73 1980-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.79 14.31 12.96 11.82...

427

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.21 16.37 NA 15.24 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.1 94.4 94.1 94.3 NA 94.7 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.29 9.54 NA NA NA 9.77...

428

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

22.67 24.86 24.96 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.32 9.36 10.21 10.86...

429

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.84 18.12 18.68 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.08 7.57 8.27 8.80...

430

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

14.52 12.49 11.76 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.36 11.57 11.86 10.10...

431

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.35 14.56 14.97 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 9.11 8.45 10.98 9.67...

432

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.81 8.63 9.46 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.2 95.0 93.6 94.1 94.6 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.20 11.14 9.18 7.55 8.04 7.72...

433

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.24 12.30 11.89 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 96.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.38 11.49 12.26 10.49...

434

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.97 9.39 8.78 8.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 87.8 87.4 88.0 88.0 87.9 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.40 11.70 8.66 8.76 8.27...

435

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

12.56 NA NA 15.73 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 8.96 8.91 8.95 NA 9.23...

436

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20.84 22.06 21.66 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 11.93 12.48 13.39 13.73...

437

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.54 8.95 8.80 8.37 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 10.67 10.28 9.77 8.21...

438

Texas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

10.82 10.21 10.90 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.7 100.0 1989-2012 Commercial Price 9.77 11.25 8.15 7.90...

439

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.72 8.92 9.30 9.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 7.36 7.44 7.58 7.41...

440

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

13.73 12.44 12.10 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 79.3 NA 1989-2012 Commercial Price 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

19.27 23.23 24.07 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 2002-2013 Commercial Price 6.89 7.90 NA 13.42...

442

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.52 5.09 4.11 1984-2012 Residential Price 10.76 12.07 8.97 9.39 8.78 8.22 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 87.8 87.4 88.0 88.0 87.9...

443

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.41 4.96 5.19 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.50 7.97 8.04 7.81 9.65 13.77 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.3 96.1 95.8 95.9 94.3 95.8...

444

Illinois Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.42 5.23 4.70 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.52 6.99 6.93 7.31 8.93 12.51 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 88.7 88.4 87.3 87.5 84.9 83.4...

445

Alaska Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.33 5.82 5.58 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.57 9.06 9.18 8.41 8.36 8.99 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

446

Hawaii Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

28.69 1989-2013 Residential Price 49.76 51.66 54.03 54.47 51.53 48.72 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

447

Kentucky Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.18 NA 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.05 13.84 11.97 10.02 10.44 10.26 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.1 96.0 95.4 95.7 95.5 95.8...

448

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6.77 5.13 1984-2012 Residential Price 14.17 13.33 13.18 12.25 10.66 10.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

449

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6.64 NA 1984-2012 Residential Price 15.42 16.19 13.83 12.73 12.72 12.52 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 90.1 89.6...

450

Kansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.37 4.80 5.79 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.11 8.74 8.81 8.93 10.04 11.69 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

451

Pennsylvania Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.27 7.58 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.66 10.48 10.37 10.55 11.24 13.80 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 87.8 87.7 87.6 87.3 86.5 86.3...

452

Colorado Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.43 4.71 5.65 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.00 6.79 7.05 7.22 7.61 8.89 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

453

Iowa Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.16 4.79 5.12 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.21 8.01 8.18 8.26 8.75 10.18 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

454

Idaho Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3.81 4.05 4.10 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.92 7.97 7.99 8.35 8.29 8.72 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

455

Arizona Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.57 4.58 1989-2013 Residential Price 15.00 11.07 11.84 12.36 16.52 17.72 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

456

Vermont Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7.20 7.16 1989-2013 Residential Price 15.21 14.73 14.78 15.10 15.61 17.74 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

457

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.73 5.29 NA 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.04 13.96 11.25 10.19 9.47 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 99.5...

458

Virginia Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.48 7.13 1989-2013 Residential Price 11.13 11.12 10.30 10.17 12.36 15.55 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 90.1 90.6 90.2 90.9 90.1 87.1...

459

Texas Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.06 5.22 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.45 7.75 8.51 8.72 10.66 12.16 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

460

California Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA 4.58 4.57 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.41 9.52 8.92 9.21 9.85 10.96 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 97.5 96.9 96.9 96.1 96.0 95.7...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Nebraska Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.70 5.00 5.21 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.10 7.33 7.29 7.37 7.83 9.11 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 85.9 87.0 87.2 89.1 88.3 87.3...

462

Arkansas Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.54 NA 6.66 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.67 9.31 9.68 9.04 10.04 12.33 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

463

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.51 4.47 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.47 14.53 12.68 11.13 10.78 9.84 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

464

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.74 4.93 5.23 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.90 7.86 8.47 8.33 10.14 11.59 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

465

Indiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.23 4.81 5.53 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.69 7.52 7.75 7.53 10.32 13.21 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 95.0 95.2 95.2 95.1 94.4 94.1...

466

Oregon Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.04 5.35 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.76 9.99 10.81 10.29 11.59 12.56 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

467

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.53 5.68 5.50 1984-2012 Residential Price 9.44 9.00 8.95 8.22 8.44 NA 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

468

Montana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.14 4.53 NA 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.60 7.59 7.83 7.76 8.05 9.08 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.7 NA...

469

Connecticut Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.88 7.48 1989-2013 Residential Price 13.09 13.07 12.76 12.10 11.25 13.54 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 96.7 96.9 97.5 97.3 96.9 96.3...

470

Nevada Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NA 5.08 5.80 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.46 7.63 7.87 8.48 10.03 11.09 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

471

Wisconsin Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.60 5.04 5.95 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.88 8.28 7.96 8.14 9.00 9.85 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

472

Maine Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.80 6.72 8.18 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 15.33 NA 15.67 15.75 15.45 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

473

Utah Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.89 5.16 5.38 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 8.11 8.07 8.33 8.47 8.12 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

474

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.45 4.43 4.67 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.52 7.02 7.28 7.37 7.46 8.22 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 75.7 73.5 73.3 75.4 74.8 71.8...

475

Ohio Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.76 4.18 NA 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.22 7.58 7.49 7.86 9.07 13.17 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 NA...

476

Florida Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.79 4.68 1989-2013 Residential Price 16.47 15.43 16.38 15.96 16.68 19.77 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 98.1 98.0 97.8 97.7 NA 98.2...

477

Massachusetts Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.97 8.11 1989-2013 Residential Price 13.38 13.18 12.99 13.04 13.22 NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 91.2 93.5 94.4 90.6 90.7 NA...

478

Georgia Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.44 NA NA 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 12.92 12.59 12.18 14.35 17.64 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices NA 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

479

Wyoming Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

5.04 4.65 4.03 1984-2012 Residential Price 8.84 10.16 9.39 8.58 8.72 8.43 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 54.0 77.3 77.8 75.4 75.6 NA...

480

Michigan Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.15 4.74 4.99 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.87 8.66 8.75 8.56 9.26 11.63 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 92.0 91.9 91.7 91.9 90.7 90.1...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "variable peak pricing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Minnesota Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.43 4.50 4.68 1989-2013 Residential Price 7.52 7.29 7.42 7.50 8.15 NA 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

482

Tennessee Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5.23 4.35 1984-2012 Residential Price 13.42 14.20 12.15 10.46 10.21 9.98 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

483

Delaware Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.56 8.19 1989-2013 Residential Price 12.80 12.32 12.19 12.38 13.12 16.23 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

484

Mississippi Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.14 4.73 4.83 1989-2013 Residential Price 8.72 8.06 8.20 7.83 8.65 10.14 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

485

Washington Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.76 5.86 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.58 10.47 10.67 10.90 11.20 13.02 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

486

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.67 5.00 1984-2012 Residential Price 12.06 12.32 11.39 11.12 10.32 11.14 1967-2012 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

487

Alabama Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.80 5.11 1989-2013 Residential Price 15.39 14.44 14.29 NA 15.40 18.40 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

488

Oklahoma Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.65 4.73 5.23 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.20 7.65 8.36 8.01 9.27 11.81 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

489

Maryland Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

6.17 7.02 1989-2013 Residential Price NA 10.78 10.30 10.42 12.70 15.65 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices NA 76.5 75.4 75.2 72.9 70.8...

490

Louisiana Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.60 4.62 1989-2013 Residential Price 10.19 8.87 9.52 9.06 10.68 12.47 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

491

Missouri Natural Gas Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4.34 5.72 6.25 1989-2013 Residential Price 9.95 8.72 9.05 9.12 10.74 12.84 1989-2013 Percentage of Total Residential Deliveries included in Prices 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0...

492

The Minimum Price Contract  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A minimum price contract is one of many tools a marketer may use to better manage price and production risk while trying to achieve financial goals and objectives. This publication discusses the advantages and disadvantages involved in this marketing program and the situations when it can be used.

Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; Welch, Mark; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

493

SnowPeak Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

it. SnowPeak Energy is a company located in Reno, Nevada . References "SnowPeak Energy" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSnowPeakEnergy&oldid35121...

494

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analyses to generate price trends more accurately. 8.Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends Larry Dale, Camillewith regard to overall price trends and relative price of

Dale, Larry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the higher the product cost and retail price. Table 3.change and appliance price Room air conditioners Small (price data to clarify price

Dale, Larry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

EFFICIENT PRICING IN ELECTRICITY MARKETS: WHO IS ON REAL-TIME PRICING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When prices are set properly, they serve as important signals to guide customers to consume the efficient quantity of a good. However, in electricity markets many consumers do not pay prices that reflect the scarcity of power. The true social cost of power varies throughout a typical day; power is usually low cost during off-peak periods in the night but it is high cost during a hot July afternoon. Economists have argued for several decades that consumers should pay a price that varies with the true social cost of power. However, the vast majority of consumers pay a fixed price whether they use power at midnight or noon. This can create a host of economic inefficiencies. Fortunately, this is beginning to change. In many states, including Texas, large commercial and industrial users of electricity pay prices that reflect the social cost of power at the time of consumption. This pricing mechanism is called real-time pricing (RTP) in electricity markets. I have access to a unique, new dataset of virtually all 8000 commercial and industrial users in Texas that includes information on both whether they pay real-time prices and their hourly consumption for one year. First, I econometrically iv estimate the types of commercial and industrial firms that are likely to sign up for time-varying prices. Second, I test whether the customers on real-time prices reduce demand substantially in response to higher prices. I find that customers with greater total hourly consumption are more likely to be on real-time pricing. Customers with more peaky? load profiles are less likely to be on real-time pricing. Customers in south and west Texas have a greater probability of being on RTP than customers in Houston. I also study whether customers on RTP decrease consumption on hot summer days when electricity is scare. These results have important implications for the design of both deregulated electricity markets and policies that seek to increase the amount of electricity generated with renewable sources of energy.

Fontana, Michelle

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Gasoline price data systems  

SciTech Connect

Timely observation on prices of gasoline at the wholesale and retail level by geographical area can serve several purposes: (1) to facilitate the monitoring of compliance with controls on distributor margins; (2) to indicate changes in the competitive structure of the distribution system; (3) to measure the incidence of changes in crude oil and refiner costs on retail prices by grade of gasoline, by type of retail outlet, and by geographic area; (4) to identify anomalies in the retail pricing structure that may create incentives for misfueling; and (5) to provide detailed time series data for use in evaluating conservation response to price changes. In order to provide the needed data for these purposes, the following detail on gasoline prices and characteristics of the sampling procedure appear to be appropriate: (1) monthly sample observations on wholesale and retail prices by gasoline grade and type of wholesale or retail dealer, together with volume weights; (2) sample size sufficient to provide detail by state and large cities; (3) responses to be tabulated and reports provided within 30 days after date of observation; and (4) a quick response sampling procedure that can provide weekly data, at least at the national level, when needed in time of rapidly changing prices. Price detail by state is suggested due to its significance for administrative purposes and since gasoline consumption data are estimated by state from other sources. Price detail for large cities are suggested in view of their relevancy as problem areas for vehicle emissions, reflecting one of the analytical uses of the data. In this report, current reporting systems and data on gasoline prices are reviewed and evaluated in terms of the needs outlined above. Recommendations are made for ways to fill the gaps in existing data systems to meet these needs.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

United Kingdom (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price Liquefied Freeport, TX Natural Gas Exports Price to United Kingdom (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

499

Peak Electricity Impacts of Residential Water Use  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peak Electricity Impacts of Residential Water Use Title Peak Electricity Impacts of Residential Water Use Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5736E Year of Publication...

500

Microsoft Word - Peak Electricity Impacts of Water Conservation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

use of renewables and placing a price on greenhouse gas emission, will also increase the price of electricity. Real California electricity prices are, on average, expected to be...