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1

Gravity waves generated by sounds from Big Bang phase transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inhomogeneities associated with the cosmological QCD and electroweak phase transitions produce hydrodynamical perturbations, longitudinal sounds and rotations. It has been demonstrated by Hindmarsh et al. that the sounds produce gravity waves (GW) well after the phase transition is over. We further argue, that, under certain conditions, an inverse acoustic cascade may occur and move sound perturbations from the (UV) momentum scale at which the sound is originally produced to much smaller (IR) momenta. Weak turbulence regime of this cascade is studied via Boltzmann equation, possessing stationary power and time-dependent self-similar solutions. We suggest certain indices for strong turbulence regime as well, into which the cascade eventually proceeds. Finally, we point out that two on shell sound waves can produce one on-shell gravity wave, and evaluate the rate of the process using standard sound loop diagram.

Tigran Kalaydzhyan; Edward Shuryak

2015-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

2

Gravity waves generated by sounds from Big Bang phase transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inhomogeneities associated with the cosmological QCD and electroweak phase transitions produce hydrodynamical perturbations, longitudinal sounds and rotations. It has been demonstrated numerically by Hindmarsh et al. that the sounds produce gravity waves (GW), and that this process does continue well after the phase transition is over. We further introduce a long period of the so-called inverse acoustic cascade, between the UV momentum scale at which the sound is originally produced and the IR scale at which GW is generated. It can be described by the Boltzmann equation, possessing stationary power and self-similar time-dependent solutions. If the sound dispersion law allows one-to-two sound decays, the exponent of the power solution is large and a strong amplification of the sound amplitude (limited only by the total energy) takes place. Alternative scenario dominated by sound scattering leads to smaller indices and much smaller IR sound amplitude. We also point out that two on shell phonons can produce a gr...

Kalaydzhyan, Tigran

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Sound attenuation and dispersion near the nematic-smectic A phase transition of a liquid crystal (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

L-287 Sound attenuation and dispersion near the nematic- smectic A phase transition of a liquid anomalous attenuation of sound. The coupling also gives a contri- bution to the speed of sound near on the pro- pagation of longitudinal sound waves near the nema- tic-smectic A transition of liquid crystals

Boyer, Edmond

4

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings - Phases 6 and 7  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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5

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings - Phases 6 and 7  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMay 15,October 6,2govCampaignsAIRS

6

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings - Phases 6 and 7  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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7

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings Phase III  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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8

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings Phase III  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMay

9

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings Phase III  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMayIII ARM Data Discovery Browse Data

10

Phased Array Ultrasonic Sound Field Mapping in Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study maps the phased array-generated acoustic sound fields through three types of CASS microstructure in four specimens to quantitatively assess the beam formation effectiveness in these materials.

Crawford, Susan L.; Prowant, Matthew S.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Larche, Michael R.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Anderson, Michael T.

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

Identification of a sound-insulation layer modelled by fuzzy structure theory -Experimental validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Identification of a sound-insulation layer modelled by fuzzy structure theory - Experimental.fernandez@univ-paris-est.fr Abstract One proposes a novel approach to model sound-insulation layers based on the use of the fuzzy in computational models. The keypoint of the method is the construction of a mean elastoacoustic sound-insulation

Boyer, Edmond

12

Binaural Phase Difference as a Factor in Sound Localization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

might be l o ca l i zed by binaural aaleot ion and intensity re la t i on of overtones (3) w i l l be considered later. The slight difference in intensity of a sound of 128 ribrations per second or less at the two ears is due to the absence... the tuning forks is held i3 moved from one extreme pos i t ion to the other. For, a lead of 180 <+ f at the l e f t ear is of course a lead of 6 at the right ear, so that we should expect the localization to sh i f t from one side to the other...

Brown, Carl Richards

1912-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Gravitational waves from the sound of a first order phase transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the first 3-dimensional numerical simulations of first-order phase transitions in the early universe to include the cosmic fluid as well as the scalar field order parameter. We calculate the gravitational wave (GW) spectrum resulting from the nucleation, expansion and collision of bubbles of the low-temperature phase, for phase transition strengths and bubble wall velocities covering many cases of interest. We find that the compression waves in the fluid continue to be a source of GWs long after the bubbles have merged, a new effect not taken properly into account in previous modelling of the GW source. For a wide range of models the main source of the GWs produced by a phase transition is therefore the sound the bubbles make.

Mark Hindmarsh; Stephan J. Huber; Kari Rummukainen; David J. Weir

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

14

Ultrasonic Phased Array Sound Field Mapping Through Large-Bore Coarse Grained Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel (CASS) Piping Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sound field beam mapping exercise was conducted to further understand the effects of coarse grained microstructures found in CASS materials on phased array ultrasonic wave propagation. Laboratory measurements were made on three CASS specimens with different microstructures; the specimens were polished and etched to reveal measurable grain sizes, shapes and orientations. Three longitudinal, phased array probes were fixed on a specimen's outside diameter with the sound field directed toward one end (face) of the pipe segment over a fixed range of angles. A point receiver was raster scanned over the surface of the specimen face generating a sound field image. A slice of CASS material was then removed from the specimen end and the beam mapping exercise repeated. The sound fields acquired were analyzed for spot size, coherency, and beam redirection. Analyses were conducted between the resulting sound fields and the microstructural characteristics of each specimen.

Cinson, Anthony D.; Crawford, Susan L.; Prowant, Matthew S.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Hathaway, John E.; Anderson, Michael T.

2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

15

Control of Toxic Chemicals in Puget Sound, Phase 3: Study of Atmospheric Deposition of Air Toxics to the Surface of Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of the Phase 1 Toxics Loading study suggested that runoff from the land surface and atmospheric deposition directly to marine waters have resulted in considerable loads of contaminants to Puget Sound (Hart Crowser et al. 2007). The limited data available for atmospheric deposition fluxes throughout Puget Sound was recognized as a significant data gap. Therefore, this study provided more recent or first reported atmospheric deposition fluxes of PAHs, PBDEs, and select trace elements for Puget Sound. Samples representing bulk atmospheric deposition were collected during 2008 and 2009 at seven stations around Puget Sound spanning from Padilla Bay south to Nisqually River including Hood Canal and the Straits of Juan de Fuca. Revised annual loading estimates for atmospheric deposition to the waters of Puget Sound were calculated for each of the toxics and demonstrated an overall decrease in the atmospheric loading estimates except for polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and total mercury (THg). The median atmospheric deposition flux of total PBDE (7.0 ng/m2/d) was higher than that of the Hart Crowser (2007) Phase 1 estimate (2.0 ng/m2/d). The THg was not significantly different from the original estimates. The median atmospheric deposition flux for pyrogenic PAHs (34.2 ng/m2/d; without TCB) shows a relatively narrow range across all stations (interquartile range: 21.2- 61.1 ng/m2/d) and shows no influence of season. The highest median fluxes for all parameters were measured at the industrial location in Tacoma and the lowest were recorded at the rural sites in Hood Canal and Sequim Bay. Finally, a semi-quantitative apportionment study permitted a first-order characterization of source inputs to the atmosphere of the Puget Sound. Both biomarker ratios and a principal component analysis confirmed regional data from the Puget Sound and Straits of Georgia region and pointed to the predominance of biomass and fossil fuel (mostly liquid petroleum products such as gasoline and/or diesel) combustion as source inputs of combustion by-products to the atmosphere of the region and subsequently to the waters of Puget Sound.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Louchouarn, Patrick; Kuo, Li-Jung; Crecelius, Eric A.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Gill, Gary A.; Garland, Charity R.; Williamson, J. B.; Dhammapala, R.

2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

16

Determination of volume fractions in two-phase flows from sound speed measurement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate measurement of the composition of oil-water emulsions within the process environment is a challenging problem in the oil industry. Ultrasonic techniques are promising because they are non-invasive and can penetrate optically opaque mixtures. This paper presents a method of determining the volume fractions of two immiscible fluids in a homogenized two-phase flow by measuring the speed of sound through the composite fluid along with the instantaneous temperature. Two separate algorithms are developed by representing the composite density as (i) a linear combination of the two densities, and (ii) a non-linear fractional formulation. Both methods lead to a quadratic equation with temperature dependent coefficients, the root of which yields the volume fraction. The densities and sound speeds are calibrated at various temperatures for each fluid component, and the fitted polynomial is used in the final algorithm. We present results when the new algorithm is applied to mixtures of crude oil and process water from two different oil fields, and a comparison of our results with a Coriolis meter; the difference between mean values is less than 1%. Analytical and numerical studies of sensitivity of the calculated volume fraction to temperature changes and calibration errors are also presented.

Chaudhuri, Anirban [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sinha, Dipen N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Osterhoudt, Curtis F. [University of Alaska

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings Phase IV and V-NSA  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMayIII ARM Data Discovery Browse

18

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings Phase IV and V-SGP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMayIII ARM Data Discovery

19

ARM - Field Campaign - AIRS Validation Soundings Phase IV and V-TWP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience4AJ01)3, 2010September 30,JuneMayIII ARM Data DiscoveryIV and V-TWP

20

Adaptation of hybrid five-phase ABS algorithms for experimental validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-lock braking, Hybrid control systems, Limit cycle analysis, Experimental validation, Quarter-car. 1Adaptation of hybrid five-phase ABS algorithms for experimental validation Mathieu Gerard WilliamAnti-lock Braking System (ABS) is the most important active safety system for passenger cars, but unfortunately

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Phased Array Ultrasonic Sound Field Mapping through Large-Bore Coarse Grained Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel (CASS) Components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sound field beam mapping exercise was conducted to assist in understanding the effects of coarse-grained microstructures found in cast austenitic stainless steel (CASS) materials on acoustic longitudinal wave propagation. Ultrasonic laboratory measurements were made on three specimens representing four different grain structures. Phased array (PA) probes were fixed on each specimen surface and excited in the longitudinal mode at specific angles while a point receiver was scanned in a raster pattern over the end of the specimen, generating a transmitted sound field image. Three probes operating at nominal frequencies of 0.5, 0.8, and 1.0 MHz were used. A 6.4 mm (0.25-in.) thick slice was removed from the specimen end and beam mapping was repeated three times, yielding four full sets of beam images. Data were collected both with a constant part path for each configuration (probe, specimen and slice, angle, etc.) and with a variable part path (fixed position on the surface). The base specimens and slices were then polished and etched to reveal measureable grain microstructures that were compared to the sound field interactions and scattering effects seen in the collected data.

Crawford, Susan L.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Prowant, Matthew S.; Coble, Jamie B.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Anderson, Michael T.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

2013 CEF RUN - PHASE 1 DATA ANALYSIS AND MODEL VALIDATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase 1 of the 2013 Cold cap Evaluation Furnace (CEF) test was completed on June 3, 2013 after a 5-day round-the-clock feeding and pouring operation. The main goal of the test was to characterize the CEF off-gas produced from a nitric-formic acid flowsheet feed and confirm whether the CEF platform is capable of producing scalable off-gas data necessary for the revision of the DWPF melter off-gas flammability model; the revised model will be used to define new safety controls on the key operating parameters for the nitric-glycolic acid flowsheet feeds including total organic carbon (TOC). Whether the CEF off-gas data were scalable for the purpose of predicting the potential flammability of the DWPF melter exhaust was determined by comparing the predicted H{sub 2} and CO concentrations using the current DWPF melter off-gas flammability model to those measured during Phase 1; data were deemed scalable if the calculated fractional conversions of TOC-to-H{sub 2} and TOC-to-CO at varying melter vapor space temperatures were found to trend and further bound the respective measured data with some margin of safety. Being scalable thus means that for a given feed chemistry the instantaneous flow rates of H{sub 2} and CO in the DWPF melter exhaust can be estimated with some degree of conservatism by multiplying those of the respective gases from a pilot-scale melter by the feed rate ratio. This report documents the results of the Phase 1 data analysis and the necessary calculations performed to determine the scalability of the CEF off-gas data. A total of six steady state runs were made during Phase 1 under non-bubbled conditions by varying the CEF vapor space temperature from near 700 to below 300C, as measured in a thermowell (T{sub tw}). At each steady state temperature, the off-gas composition was monitored continuously for two hours using MS, GC, and FTIR in order to track mainly H{sub 2}, CO, CO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, and organic gases such as CH{sub 4}. The standard deviation of the average vapor space temperature during each steady state ranged from 2 to 6C; however, those of the measured off-gas data were much larger due to the inherent cold cap instabilities in the slurry-fed melters. In order to predict the off-gas composition at the sampling location downstream of the film cooler, the measured feed composition was charge-reconciled and input into the DWPF melter off-gas flammability model, which was then run under the conditions for each of the six Phase 1 steady states. In doing so, it was necessary to perform an overall heat/mass balance calculation from the melter to the Off-Gas Condensate Tank (OGCT) in order to estimate the rate of air inleakage as well as the true gas temperature in the CEF vapor space (T{sub gas}) during each steady state by taking into account the effects of thermal radiation on the measured temperature (T{sub tw}). The results of Phase 1 data analysis and subsequent model runs showed that the predicted concentrations of H{sub 2} and CO by the DWPF model correctly trended and further bounded the respective measured data in the CEF off-gas by over predicting the TOC-to-H{sub 2} and TOC-to-CO conversion ratios by a factor of 2 to 5; an exception was the 7X over prediction of the latter at T{sub gas} = 371C but the impact of CO on the off-gas flammability potential is only minor compared to that of H{sub 2}. More importantly, the seemingly-excessive over prediction of the TOC-to-H{sub 2} conversion by a factor of 4 or higher at T{sub gas} < ~350C was attributed to the conservative antifoam decomposition scheme added recently to the model and therefore is considered a modeling issue and not a design issue. At T{sub gas} > ~350C, the predicted TOC-to-H{sub 2} conversions were closer to but still higher than the measured data by a factor of 2, which may be regarded as adequate from the safety margin standpoint. The heat/mass balance calculations also showed that the correlation between T{sub tw} and T{sub gas} in the CEF vapor space was close to that of the scale SGM, whose data were ta

Choi, A.

2014-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

23

Validation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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24

Unsteady, high Reynolds number validation cases for a multi-phase CFD analysis tool have been  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and constituent volume fraction transport/generation for liquid, condensable vapor and non-condensable gas fields1 Abstract Unsteady, high Reynolds number validation cases for a multi-phase CFD analysis tool have of the effect of cavitation number, Reynolds number and turbulence model has been made. Analysis of the modeled

Kunz, Robert Francis

25

Linear algorithms for phase retrieval in the Fresnel region: validity conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the relationship between different forms of linearized expressions for the spatial distribution of intensity of X-ray projection images obtained in the Fresnel region. We prove that under the natural validity conditions some of the previously published expressions can be simplified without a loss of accuracy. We also introduce modified validity conditions which are likely to be fulfilled in many relevant practical cases, and which lead to a further significant simplification of the expression for the image-plane intensity, permitting simple non-iterative linear algorithms for the phase retrieval.

Gureyev, T E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Validating  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II FieldVacancy-Induced Nanoscale WireSchneiderValidating

27

Development and validation of a two-phase, three-dimensional model for PEM fuel cells.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this presentation are: (1) To develop and validate a two-phase, three-dimensional transport modelfor simulating PEM fuel cell performance under a wide range of operating conditions; (2) To apply the validated PEM fuel cell model to improve fundamental understanding of key phenomena involved and to identify rate-limiting steps and develop recommendations for improvements so as to accelerate the commercialization of fuel cell technology; (3) The validated PEMFC model can be employed to improve and optimize PEM fuel cell operation. Consequently, the project helps: (i) address the technical barriers on performance, cost, and durability; and (ii) achieve DOE's near-term technical targets on performance, cost, and durability in automotive and stationary applications.

Chen, Ken Shuang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Physics and Algorithm Enhancements for a Validated MCNP/X Monte Carlo Simulation Tool, Phase VII  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Currently the US lacks an end-to-end (i.e., source-to-detector) radiation transport simulation code with predictive capability for the broad range of DHS nuclear material detection applications. For example, gaps in the physics, along with inadequate analysis algorithms, make it difficult for Monte Carlo simulations to provide a comprehensive evaluation, design, and optimization of proposed interrogation systems. With the development and implementation of several key physics and algorithm enhancements, along with needed improvements in evaluated data and benchmark measurements, the MCNP/X Monte Carlo codes will provide designers, operators, and systems analysts with a validated tool for developing state-of-the-art active and passive detection systems. This project is currently in its seventh year (Phase VII). This presentation will review thirty enhancements that have been implemented in MCNPX over the last 3 years and were included in the 2011 release of version 2.7.0. These improvements include 12 physics enhancements, 4 source enhancements, 8 tally enhancements, and 6 other enhancements. Examples and results will be provided for each of these features. The presentation will also discuss the eight enhancements that will be migrated into MCNP6 over the upcoming year.

McKinney, Gregg W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

29

An Assessment of Geological Carbon Storage Options in the Illinois Basin: Validation Phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) assessed the options for geological carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) storage in the 155,400 km{sup 2} (60,000 mi{sup 2}) Illinois Basin, which underlies most of Illinois, western Indiana, and western Kentucky. The region has annual CO{sub 2} emissions of about 265 million metric tonnes (292 million tons), primarily from 122 coal-fired electric generation facilities, some of which burn almost 4.5 million tonnes (5 million tons) of coal per year (U.S. Department of Energy, 2010). Validation Phase (Phase II) field tests gathered pilot data to update the Characterization Phase (Phase I) assessment of options for capture, transportation, and storage of CO{sub 2} emissions in three geological sink types: coal seams, oil fields, and saline reservoirs. Four small-scale field tests were conducted to determine the properties of rock units that control injectivity of CO{sub 2}, assess the total storage resources, examine the security of the overlying rock units that act as seals for the reservoirs, and develop ways to control and measure the safety of injection and storage processes. The MGSC designed field test operational plans for pilot sites based on the site screening process, MVA program needs, the selection of equipment related to CO{sub 2} injection, and design of a data acquisition system. Reservoir modeling, computational simulations, and statistical methods assessed and interpreted data gathered from the field tests. Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA) programs were established to detect leakage of injected CO{sub 2} and ensure public safety. Public outreach and education remained an important part of the project; meetings and presentations informed public and private regional stakeholders of the results and findings. A miscible (liquid) CO{sub 2} flood pilot project was conducted in the Clore Formation sandstone (Mississippian System, Chesterian Series) at Mumford Hills Field in Posey County, southwestern Indiana, and an immiscible CO{sub 2} flood pilot was conducted in the Jackson sandstone (Mississippian System Big Clifty Sandstone Member) at the Sugar Creek Field in Hopkins County, western Kentucky. Up to 12% incremental oil recovery was estimated based on these pilots. A CO{sub 2} huff ??n?? puff (HNP) pilot project was conducted in the Cypress Sandstone in the Loudon Field. This pilot was designed to measure and record data that could be used to calibrate a reservoir simulation model. A pilot project at the Tanquary Farms site in Wabash County, southeastern Illinois, tested the potential storage of CO{sub 2} in the Springfield Coal Member of the Carbondale Formation (Pennsylvanian System), in order to gauge the potential for large-scale CO{sub 2} storage and/or enhanced coal bed methane recovery from Illinois Basin coal beds. The pilot results from all four sites showed that CO{sub 2} could be injected into the subsurface without adversely affecting groundwater. Additionally, hydrocarbon production was enhanced, giving further evidence that CO{sub 2} storage in oil reservoirs and coal beds offers an economic advantage. Results from the MVA program at each site indicated that injected CO{sub 2} did not leave the injection zone. Topical reports were completed on the Middle and Late Devonian New Albany Shale and Basin CO{sub 2} emissions. The efficacy of the New Albany Shale as a storage sink could be substantial if low injectivity concerns can be alleviated. CO{sub 2} emissions in the Illinois Basin were projected to be dominated by coal-fired power plants.

Robert Finley

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

On the validation of magnetic resonance velocimetry in single-phase turbulent pipe flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nuclear magnetic resonance imaging technique is used to measure velocity distributions in turbulent pipe flows up to Re = 24580. While turbulent intensity is usually determined from signal attenuation, we deduce turbulent intensity from velocity distribution with no need to suppose a Gaussian distribution for velocity fluctuations. Skewness and flatness measurements are also presented in this paper. Comparison with DNS show good agreement and we show that NMR data is sufficiently accurate to provide turbulent viscosity profile. The low field system used in this study allow the suppression of susceptibility artifacts and thus open its use for studying two-phase flows. We postulate that the method used here could be applied to two-phase flows and would thus provide valuable information on turbulent viscosity models. (authors)

Jullien, P.; Lemonnier, H. [CEA Grenoble, DTN LITA SE2T, F-38054 Grenoble 9, (France)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

Validation Methodology to Allow Simulated Peak Reduction and Energy Performance Analysis of Residential Building Envelope with Phase Change Materials: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase change materials (PCM) represent a potential technology to reduce peak loads and HVAC energy consumption in residential buildings. This paper summarizes NREL efforts to obtain accurate energy simulations when PCMs are modeled in residential buildings: the overall methodology to verify and validate Conduction Finite Difference (CondFD) and PCM algorithms in EnergyPlus is presented in this study. It also shows preliminary results of three residential building enclosure technologies containing PCM: PCM-enhanced insulation, PCM impregnated drywall and thin PCM layers. The results are compared based on predicted peak reduction and energy savings using two algorithms in EnergyPlus: the PCM and Conduction Finite Difference (CondFD) algorithms.

Tabares-Velasco, P. C.; Christensen, C.; Bianchi, M.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Validation of Noah-simulated Soil Temperature in the North American Land Data Assimilation System Phase 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soil temperature can exhibit considerable memory from weather and climate signals and is among the most important initial conditions in numerical weather and climate models. Consequently, a more accurate long-term land surface soil temperature dataset is needed to improve weather and climate simulation and prediction, and is also important for the simulation of agricultural crop yield and ecological processes. The North-American Land Data Assimilation (NLDAS) Phase 2 (NLDAS-2) has generated 31-years (1979-2009) of simulated hourly soil temperature data with a spatial resolution of 1/8o. This dataset has not been comprehensively evaluated to date. Thus, the ultimate purpose of the present work is to assess Noah-simulated soil temperature for different soil depths and timescales. We used long-term (1979-2001) observed monthly mean soil temperatures from 137 cooperative stations over the United States to evaluate simulated soil temperature for three soil layers (0-10 cm, 10-40 cm, 40-100 cm) for annual and monthly timescales. We used short-term (1997-1999) observed soil temperature from 72 Oklahoma Mesonet stations to validate simulated soil temperatures for three soil layers and for daily and hourly timescales. The results showed that the Noah land surface model (Noah LSM) generally matches observed soil temperature well for different soil layers and timescales. At greater depths, the simulation skill (anomaly correlation) decreased for all time scales. The monthly mean diurnal cycle difference between simulated and observed soil temperature revealed large midnight biases in the cold season due to small downward longwave radiation and issues related to model parameters.

Xia, Youlong; Ek, Michael; Sheffield, Justin; Livneh, Ben; Huang, Maoyi; Wei, Helin; Song, Feng; Luo, Lifeng; Meng, Jesse; Wood, Eric

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

33

5. SOUND ATTENUATION 5.1 NATURE OF SOUND WAVE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5. SOUND ATTENUATION 5.1 NATURE OF SOUND WAVE Historically, acoustic is the scientific study of sound. Sound can be considered as a wave phenomenon. A sound wave is a longitudinal wave where particles the sound wave, the particles of the medium through which the sound moves is vibrating in a back and forth

Cambridge, University of

34

Phase retrieval using radiation and matter-wave fields: Validity of Teague's method for solution of the transport-of-intensity equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although originally developed for coherent paraxial scalar electromagnetic radiation in the visible-light regime, phase retrieval using the transport-of-intensity equation has been successfully applied to a range of paraxial radiation and matter-wave fields. Such applications include using electron wave fields to quantitatively image magnetic skyrmions and spin ices, propagation-based phase-contrast imaging using cold neutrons and hard x-rays, and visible-light refractive imaging of the projected column density of cold-atom clouds. Teague's method for phase retrieval using the transport-of-intensity equation, which renders the phase of a paraxial complex wave indirectly measurable via the existence of a conserved current, has been applied to a broad variety of situations which include all of the experiments described above. However, these applications have been undertaken without a thorough analysis of the underlying validity of the method. Here we derive sufficient conditions for the phase-retrieval solution provided by Teague's method to coincide with the true phase of the paraxial radiation or matter-wave field. We also present a sufficient condition guaranteeing that the discrepancy between the true phase function and that reconstructed using Teague's solution is small. These conditions demonstrate that, in most practical cases, for phase-amplitude retrieval using the transport-of-intensity equation, the Teague solution is very close to the exact solution. However, we also describe a counter example in the context of phase-amplitude retrieval using hard x-rays, in which the relative root-mean-square difference between the exact solution and that obtained using Teague's method is 9%. These findings clarify the foundations of one of the most widely applied methods for propagation-based phase retrieval of both paraxial matter and radiation wave fields and define a region for its applicability.

Schmalz, Jelena A. [School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351 (Australia); Gureyev, Timur E. [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, PB 33, Clayton South MDC, VIC 3169 (Australia); School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351 (Australia); Paganin, David M. [School of Physics, Monash University, VIC 3800 (Australia); Pavlov, Konstantin M. [School of Science and Technology, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351 (Australia); School of Physics, Monash University, VIC 3800 (Australia)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Verification and Validation Strategy for Implementation of Hybrid Potts-Phase Field Hydride Modeling Capability in MBM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Used Fuel Disposition (UFD) program has initiated a project to develop a hydride formation modeling tool using a hybrid Pottsphase field approach. The Potts model is incorporated in the SPPARKS code from Sandia National Laboratories. The phase field model is provided through MARMOT from Idaho National Laboratory.

Jason D. Hales; Veena Tikare

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Sounds and Space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the account I give (in section 1) of what sounds are and (in section 2) of the role of space in auditory perception....

Nudds, Matthew

37

Verification and Validation of EnergyPlus Conduction Finite Difference and Phase Change Material Models for Opaque Wall Assemblies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase change materials (PCMs) represent a potential technology to reduce peak loads and HVAC energy consumption in buildings. There are few building energy simulation programs that have the capability to simulate PCM but their accuracy has not been completely tested. This report summarizes NREL efforts to develop diagnostic tests cases to obtain accurate energy simulations when PCMs are modeled in residential buildings.

Tabares-Velasco, P. C.; Christensen, C.; Bianchi, M.; Booten, C.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Use of Sound for Fish Protection at Power Facilities : A Historical Perspective of the State of the Art : Phase 1 Final Report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the current state of the knowledge of fish hearing, i.e., what is known about fish response to sound, and provides a starting place for investigation into the use of sonic behavior modification to help solve pressing problems in the maintenance and recovery of anadromous and resident fish stocks of the Columbia River Basin. The challenge for scientists and engineers is to understand (1) how and what fish hear, and (2) how to use this knowledge to influence fish behavior or to factor fish sensory systems and behavior into the design of fish protection devices at power-production and water-control facilities. The sections that follow are a studied response to this challenge. In many respects, the search for effective and economical ways to modify fish behavior without physical intervention is one of the grails of fish management, particularly (although not exclusively), relative to electric power production. Within the Columbia River Basin and elsewhere, water is put to many uses not conducive to the health of indigenous fish. Irrigation, impoundment, and hydropower production frequently modify the riverine environment to the detriment of indigenous stocks while creating productive environments for competing or predatory species. The mechanisms of impact are numerous. Water project managers, when faced with the need to reduce impacts of their operations on fish health, generally attempt to divert fish from high-risk to lower-risk regions or manage the environment in such a way as to increase the survival prospects of impacted species. Almost without exception, risk reduction is accomplished by using physical barriers of one form or another. Unfortunately, physical barriers at water projects have several drawbacks, e.g., reducing available water flow for energy production and incurring high maintenance costs. In addition, recent studies (Sale et al. 1991) have documented that once these barriers are installed, they are rarely evaluated for effectiveness relative to design goals and/or regulatory mandates, and even less rarely monitored throughout the life of their use. All in all, there is interest--if not enthusiasm--across the spectrum, from project owners to regulators, in finding alternatives to physical barriers such that risks to fish health can be reduced during their encounter with water-control facilities.

Carlson, Thomas J.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Valid flow combinations for stable sheath in a magnetized multiple ion species plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical study is done of the entry criterion for the plasma flow into the electrostatic boundary layer, or sheath, forming in a magnetized multiple ion species plasma. Finding valid entry velocity combinations in a magnetized set up requires a magnetized equivalent of the generalized Bohm criterion. A magnetized generalized entry criterion is obtained with the scale length distribution in a region of validity for the stable solutions. The analysis finds that the valid entry flow velocity combinations with distinct values of individual ion species can correspond to a unique system phase velocity. Magnetization effects govern the region of validity whose boundaries collapse to the unmagnetized sheath criterion in the limit of normal incidence, independent of the strength of the magnetic field. Considerably smaller entry velocities, in comparison to the unmagnetized system sound velocity, are recovered for the species in appropriate regime of magnetization in the cases of oblique incidences.

Sharma, Devendra; Kaw, Predhiman K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Sound modes in holographic superfluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superfluids support many different types of sound waves. We investigate the relation between the sound waves in a relativistic and a nonrelativistic superfluid by using hydrodynamics to calculate the various sound speeds. Then, using a particular holographic scalar gravity realization of a strongly interacting superfluid, we compute first, second, and fourth sound speeds as a function of the temperature. The relativistic low temperature results for second sound differ from Landau's well known prediction for the nonrelativistic, incompressible case.

Herzog, Christopher P.; Yarom, Amos [Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Quality-Controlled Upper-Air Sounding Dataset for DYNAMO/CINDY/AMIE: Development and Corrections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The upper-air sounding network for DYNAMO (Dynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation or MJO) has provided an unprecedented set of observations for studying the MJO over the Indian Ocean (IO) where coupling of this oscillation with deep convection first occurs. With 72 sounding sites and dropsonde data from 13 aircraft mission, the sonde network covers the tropics from Eastern African to the West Pacific. In total nearly 26,000 sondes were collected from this network during the experiments 6-month extended observing period (from October 2011 to March 2012). Slightly more than half of the sondes, collected from 33 sites, are at high vertical resolution. Rigorous post-field phase processing of the sonde data included several levels of quality checks and a variety of corrections which address a number of issues (e.g., daytime dry bias, baseline surface data errors, ship deck-heating effects, artificial dry spikes in slow ascent sondes). Because of the importance of an accurate description of the moisture field in meeting the scientific goals of the experiments, particular attention is given to humidity correction and its validation. The humidity corrections, though small relative to some previous field campaigns, produced high fidelity moisture analyses in which sonde precipitable water compared well with independent estimates. An assessment of model operational analyses moisture using corrected sonde data shows an overall good agreement with the exception at upper-levels where model moisture and clouds are more abundant than the sounding data would indicate.

Ciesielski, Paul; Yu, Hungjui; Johnson, Richard; Yoneyama, Kunio; Katsumata, Masaki; Long, Charles N.; Wang, Junhong; Loehrer, Scot; Young, Kate; Williams, S.; Brown, William; Braun, John; Van Hove, Terese

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

What Is Sound? Sound is a pressure wave which is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What Is Sound? Sound is a pressure wave which is created by a vibrating object. This vibrations set the medium. Since the particles are moving in parallel direction to the wave movement, the sound wave of a sine wave (C~crests, R~troughs) The speed of a sound pressure wave in air is 331.5+0.6Tc m/s , Tc

Toronto, University of

43

Initiating the Validation of CCIM Processability for Multi-phase all Ceramic (SYNROC) HLW Form: Plan for Test BFY14CCIM-C  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This plan covers test BFY14CCIM-C which will be a firstofits-kind demonstration for the complete non-radioactive surrogate production of multi-phase ceramic (SYNROC) High Level Waste Forms (HLW) using Cold Crucible Induction Melting (CCIM) Technology. The test will occur in the Idaho National Laboratorys (INL) CCIM Pilot Plant and is tentatively scheduled for the week of September 15, 2014. The purpose of the test is to begin collecting qualitative data for validating the ceramic HLW form processability advantages using CCIM technology- as opposed to existing ceramiclined Joule Heated Melters (JHM) currently producing BSG HLW forms. The major objectives of BFY14CCIM-C are to complete crystalline melt initiation with a new joule-heated resistive starter ring, sustain inductive melting at temperatures between 1600 to 1700C for two different relatively high conductive materials representative of the SYNROC ceramic formation inclusive of a HLW surrogate, complete melter tapping and pouring of molten ceramic material in to a preheated 4 inch graphite canister and a similar canister at room temperature. Other goals include assessing the performance of a new crucible specially designed to accommodate the tapping and pouring of pure crystalline forms in contrast to less recalcitrant amorphous glass, assessing the overall operational effectiveness of melt initiation using a resistive starter ring with a dedicated power source, and observing the tapped molten flow and subsequent relatively quick crystallization behavior in pans with areas identical to standard HLW disposal canisters. Surrogate waste compositions with ceramic SYNROC forming additives and their measured properties for inductive melting, testing parameters, pre-test conditions and modifications, data collection requirements, and sampling/post-demonstration analysis requirements for the produced forms are provided and defined.

Vince Maio

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Sound | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerTypePonsa,Home Aimeebailey'sSolazyme JumpSound Jump to:

45

MARMOT Validation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The composition-dependent mobility in the formulism of the phase-field modeling is implemented into the MARMOT phase-field algorithm.

46

EFFECTS OF SOUND WAVES ON YOUNG SALMON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EFFECTS OF SOUND WAVES ON YOUNG SALMON Marine Biological Laboratory X. 1 33 R A. RTT ir.':; WOODS instantaneously to sounds. It was con- were tested in an experimental tank and in eluded that sound waves were, Wash . sound studies conducted under the above contract are terminated. #12;EFFECTS OF SOUND WAVES

47

2011 Interference -1 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Interference - 1 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES The objectives of this experiment are: · To measure the wavelength, frequency, and propagation speed of ultrasonic sound waves. · To observe interference phenomena with ultrasonic sound waves. APPARATUS: Oscilloscope, function generator, ultrasonic

Glashausser, Charles

48

Local non-Gaussianity from rapidly varying sound speeds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effect of non-trivial sound speeds on local-type non-Gaussianity during multiple-field inflation. To this end, we consider a multiple-DBI model and use the ?N formalism to track the super-horizon evolution of perturbations. By adopting a sum separable Hubble parameter we derive analytic expressions for the relevant quantities in the two-field case, valid beyond slow variation. We find that non-trivial sound speeds can, in principle, curve the trajectory in such a way that significant local-type non-Gaussianity is produced. Deviations from slow variation, such as rapidly varying sound speeds, enhance this effect. To illustrate our results we consider two-field inflation in the tip regions of two warped throats and find large local-type non-Gaussianity produced towards the end of the inflationary process.

Emery, Jon; Tasinato, Gianmassimo; Wands, David, E-mail: jon.emery@port.ac.uk, E-mail: gianmassimo.tasinato@port.ac.uk, E-mail: david.wands@port.ac.uk [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, University of Portsmouth, Dennis Sciama Building, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Sound Studies Meets Deaf Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound studies and Deaf studies may seem at first impression to operate in worlds apart. We argue in this article, however, that similar renderings of hearing, deafness, and seeing as ideal types - and as often essentialized ...

Friedner, Michele Ilana

50

2011 Intensity -1 INTENSITY OF SOUND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the rate at which energy is passing a certain point. This concept involves sound intensity. Consider the sound intensity. Recall the time rate of energy transfer is called "power". Thus, sound intensity2011 Intensity - 1 INTENSITY OF SOUND The objectives of this experiment are: · To understand

Glashausser, Charles

51

SANSMIC Validation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SANSMIC is solution mining software that was developed and utilized by SNL in its role as geotechnical advisor to the US DOE SPR for planning purposes. Three SANSMIC leach modes - withdrawal, direct, and reverse leach - have been revalidated with multiple test cases for each mode. The withdrawal mode was validated using high quality data from recent leach activity while the direct and reverse modes utilized data from historical cavern completion reports. Withdrawal results compared very well with observed data, including the location and size of shelves due to string breaks with relative leached volume differences ranging from 6 - 10% and relative radius differences from 1.5 - 3%. Profile comparisons for the direct mode were very good with relative leached volume differences ranging from 6 - 12% and relative radius differences from 5 - 7%. First, second, and third reverse configurations were simulated in order to validate SANSMIC over a range of relative hanging string and OBI locations. The first-reverse was simulated reasonably well with relative leached volume differences ranging from 1 - 9% and relative radius differences from 5 - 12%. The second-reverse mode showed the largest discrepancies in leach profile. Leached volume differences ranged from 8 - 12% and relative radius differences from 1 - 10%. In the third-reverse, relative leached volume differences ranged from 10 - 13% and relative radius differences were ~4 %. Comparisons to historical reports were quite good, indicating that SANSMIC is essentially the same as documented and validated in the early 1980's.

Weber, Paula D.; Rudeen, David Keith; Lord, David

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

BODYFIT-2PE-HEM: LWR core thermal-hydraulic code using boundary-fitted coordinates and two-phase homogeneous equilibrium model. Volume 3: validation and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The BODYFIT-2PE-HEM code was used to simulate several Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) and Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) types of experiments to validate its applicability and accuracy. Five simulations are reported in this volume. The first comparison was between the closed form analytical solution and the BODYFIT calculation of 3-D flows in an inifinite square array of circular tubes. Both the velocity profiles along symmetry lines and Nusselt numbers as a function of the entrance distance were given in the report. The second simulation was on the Columbia University 4 x 4 rod bundle experiment with a power skew of 2 to 1. The calculated mass flow rates and qualities for both hot and cold subchannels at the exit of the rod bundle were compared with the experimental isokinetic measurements. The third simulation was on the Babcock and Wilcox 4 x 6 rod bundle experiments with a power skew of 1.5 to 1. Again, the calculated mass flow rates and qualities for both hot and cold subchannels at the exit of the rod bundle were compared with the experimental isokinetic measurements. The fourth simulation was on the Westinghouse 4 x 5 rod bundle critical heat flux experiments and transient pressure drop tests. In this simulation, the critical heat fluxes calculated by the code with several CHF correlations were compared with the experimental measurements. Furthermore, the pressure drops, as a function of time, were compared with the experimental values for the flow rundown transients. The fifth simulation was on the GE 3 x 3 CHF experiments. Many operating conditions with different inlet temperatures, inlet velocities, and system pressures were used in the experiments. Code calculations were based on the Biasi correlation and the Columbia University correlation. Comparisons between calcuations and measurements show good agreements, demonstrating the validity and accuracy of the BODYFIT-2PE-HEM code. 14 refs., 36 figs., 11 tabs.

Chen, B.C.J.; Chien, T.H.; Sha, W.T.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Testing cosmology with cosmic sound waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations have accurately determined the position of the first two peaks and dips in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature power spectrum. These encode information on the ratio of the distance to the last scattering surface to the sound horizon at decoupling. However prerecombination processes can contaminate this distance information. In order to assess the amplitude of these effects, we use the WMAP data and evaluate the relative differences of the CMB peak and dip multipoles. We find that the position of the first peak is largely displaced with respect to the expected position of the sound horizon scale at decoupling. In contrast, the relative spacings of the higher extrema are statistically consistent with those expected from perfect harmonic oscillations. This provides evidence for a scale dependent phase shift of the CMB oscillations which is caused by gravitational driving forces affecting the propagation of sound waves before recombination. By accounting for these effects we have performed a Markov Chain Monte Carlo likelihood analysis of the location of WMAP extrema to constrain, in combination with recent BAO data, a constant dark energy equation of state parameter w. For a flat universe we find a strong 2{sigma} upper limit w<-1.10, and including the Hubble Space Telescope prior, we obtain w<-1.14, which is only marginally consistent with limits derived from the Supernova Legacy Survey sample. On the other hand, we infer larger limits for nonflat cosmologies. From the full CMB likelihood analysis, we also estimate the values of the shift parameter R and the multipole l{sub a} of the acoustic horizon at decoupling for several cosmologies, to test their dependence on model assumptions. Although the analysis of the full CMB spectra should always be preferred, using the position of the CMB peaks and dips provides a simple and consistent method for combining CMB constraints with other data sets.

Corasaniti, Pier Stefano [LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UMR 8102, Universite Paris Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex (France); Melchiorri, Alessandro [Dipartimento di Fisica e Sezione INFN, Universita degli Studi di Roma 'La Sapienza', Ple Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome (Italy); CERN, Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Testing Cosmology with Cosmic Sound Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WMAP observations have accurately determined the position of the first two peaks and dips in the CMB temperature power spectrum. These encode information on the ratio of the distance to the last scattering surface to the sound horizon at decoupling. However pre-recombination processes can contaminate this distance information. In order to assess the amplitude of these effects we use the WMAP data and evaluate the relative differences of the CMB peaks and dips multipoles. We find that the position of the first peak is largely displaced with the respect to the expected position of the sound horizon scale at decoupling. In contrast the relative spacings of the higher extrema are statistically consistent with those expected from perfect harmonic oscillations. This provides evidence for a scale dependent phase shift of the CMB oscillations which is caused by gravitational driving forces affecting the propagation of sound waves before recombination. By accounting for these effects we have performed a MCMC likelihood analysis to constrain in combination with recent BAO data a constant dark energy equation w. For a flat universe we find at 95% upper limit w<-1.10, and including the HST prior w<-1.14, which are only marginally consistent with limits derived from the supernova SNLS sample. Larger limits are obtained for non-flat cosmologies. From the full CMB likelihood analysis we also estimate the values of the shift parameter R and the multipole l_a of the acoustic horizon at decoupling for several cosmologies to test their dependence on model assumptions. Although the analysis of the full CMB spectra should be always preferred, using the position of the CMB peaks and dips provide a simple and consistent method for combining CMB constraints with other datasets.

Pier Stefano Corasaniti; Alessandro Melchiorri

2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

55

NAME: Eelgrass Restoration in Puget Sound LOCATION: Puget Sound, WA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

area within deltas NON-FEDERAL SPONSOR: Washington Department of Natural Resources PROJECT DESCRIPTION eelgrass restoration, with a focus on identifying sites that could be protected from future anthropogenic, eelgrass restoration in Puget Sound will raise pH levels and protect shellfish. STATUS: Planning and Design

US Army Corps of Engineers

56

Validity of Fusion Imaging of Hamster Heart obtained by Fluorescent and Phase-Contrast X-Ray CT with Synchrotron Radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluorescent X-ray CT (FXCT) to depict functional information and phase-contrast X-ray CT (PCCT) to demonstrate morphological information are being developed to analyze the disease model of small animal. To understand the detailed pathological state, integration of both functional and morphological image is very useful. The feasibility of image fusion between FXCT and PCCT were examined by using ex-vivo hearts injected fatty acid metabolic agent (127I-BMIPP) in normal and cardiomyopathic hamsters. Fusion images were reconstructed from each 3D image of FXCT and PCCT. 127I-BMIPP distribution within the heart was clearly demonstrated by FXCT with 0.25 mm spatial resolution. The detailed morphological image was obtained by PCCT at about 0.03 mm spatial resolution. Using image integration technique, metabolic abnormality of fatty acid in cardiomyopathic myocardium was easily recognized corresponding to anatomical structures. Our study suggests that image fusion provides important biomedical information even in FXCT and PCCT imaging.

Wu, J.; Takeda, T.; Lwin, Thet Thet; Huo, Q.; Minami, M. [Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575 (Japan); Sunaguchi, N.; Murakami, T.; Mouri, S.; Nasukawa, S.; Fukami, T.; Yuasa, T.; Akatsuka, T. [Faculty of Engineering, Yamagata University, Yonezawa, Yamagata 992-8510 (Japan); Hyodo, K. [Institute of Material Science, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Hontani, H. [Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8555 (Japan)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

Ultrasonic Phased Array Assessment of the Interference Fit and Leak Path of the North Anna Unit 2 Control Rod Drive Mechanism Nozzle 63 with Destructive Validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonic testing (UT) for primary water leak path assessments of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) upper head penetrations. Operating reactors have experienced leakage when stress corrosion cracking of nickel-based alloy penetrations allowed primary water into the annulus of the interference fit between the penetration and the low-alloy steel RPV head. In this investigation, UT leak path data were acquired for an Alloy 600 control rod drive mechanism nozzle penetration, referred to as Nozzle 63, which was removed from the North Anna Unit 2 reactor when the RPV head was replaced in 2002. In-service inspection prior to the head replacement indicated that Nozzle 63 had a probable leakage path through the interference fit region. Nozzle 63 was examined using a phased-array UT probe with a 5.0-MHz, eight-element annular array. Immersion data were acquired from the nozzle inner diameter surface. The UT data were interpreted by comparing to responses measured on a mockup penetration with known features. Following acquisition of the UT data, Nozzle 63 was destructively examined to determine if the features identified in the UT examination, including leakage paths and crystalline boric acid deposits, could be visually confirmed. Additional measurements of boric acid deposit thickness and low-alloy steel wastage were made to assess how these factors affect the UT response. The implications of these findings for interpreting UT leak path data are described.

Crawford, Susan L.; Cinson, Anthony D.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Hanson, Brady D.; Mathews, Royce

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors 160 (2007) 5159 Making sound inferences from geomagnetic sounding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geomagnetic sounding Ashley E. Medin, Robert L. Parker, Steven Constable Green Institute of Geophysics

Constable, Steve

59

Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound Instructor-surface interaction. Spring 2011 1 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound #12;Spring 2011 ME706 Acoustics and Aerodynamic Sound Students are expected to: · Exhibit a level of mathematical maturity roughly equivalent

60

S10-Sound-Interference -1 -Page 1 of 8 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S10-Sound-Interference - 1 - Page 1 of 8 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES PURPOSE: To measure the wavelength, frequency, and propagation speed of ultrasonic sound waves and to observe interference phenomena with ultrasonic sound waves. APPARATUS: Oscilloscope, function generator, transducers, meter stick, angle board

Glashausser, Charles

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

FURTHER STUDIES ON UNCERTAINTY, CONFOUNDING, AND VALIDATION OF THE DOSES IN THE TECHA RIVER DOSIMETRY SYSTEM: Concluding Progress Report on the Second Phase of Project 1.1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the concluding Progress Report for Project 1.1 of the U.S./Russia Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research (JCCRER). An overwhelming majority of our work this period has been to complete our primary obligation of providing a new version of the Techa River Dosimetry System (TRDS), which we call TRDS-2009D; the D denotes deterministic. This system provides estimates of individual doses to members of the Extended Techa River Cohort (ETRC) and post-natal doses to members of the Techa River Offspring Cohort (TROC). The latter doses were calculated with use of the TRDS-2009D. The doses for the members of the ETRC have been made available to the American and Russian epidemiologists in September for their studies in deriving radiogenic risk factors. Doses for members of the TROC are being provided to European and Russian epidemiologists, as partial input for studies of risk in this population. Two of our original goals for the completion of this nine-year phase of Project 1.1 were not completed. These are completion of TRDS-2009MC, which was to be a Monte Carlo version of TRDS-2009 that could be used for more explicit analysis of the impact of uncertainty in doses on uncertainty in radiogenic risk factors. The second incomplete goal was to be the provision of household specific external doses (rather than village average). This task was far along, but had to be delayed due to the lead investigators work on consideration of a revised source term.

Degteva, M. O.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

2009-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

62

Liquid-solid phase transitions in a deformable Pavel Krejci, Elisabetta Rocca, and Jurgen Sprekels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

differences in the specific volume, specific heat and speed of sound in the solid and liquid phases and of the liquid phase, assuming first that the speed of sound and the specific heat are the same in solid the speed of sound in water is less than one half of the one in ice. The main goal of this contribution

Rocca, Elisabetta

63

Vehicle Technologies Office: Integration and Validation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Once vehicle components and subsystems prove out in the initial modeling and simulation research phases, it is time to build, integrate, and validate prototypes of those components and subsystems....

64

VOLUME 79, NUMBER 4 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 28 JULY 1997 Propagation of Sound in a Bose-Einstein Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technique, rapid sequencing of nondestructive phase-contrast images. The speed of sound was determined liquid [2], which consists of zeroth, first, and second sound, and the collective modes of a trapped Bose the speed of sound. In this study, we demonstrated a method for locally exciting a condensate using

65

Anomalous Cherenkov spin-orbit sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cherenkov effect is a well-known phenomenon in the electrodynamics of fast charged particles passing through transparent media. If the particle is faster than the light in a given medium, the medium emits a forward light cone. This beautiful phenomenon has an acoustic counterpart where the role of photons is played by phonons and the role of the speed of light is played by the sound velocity. In this case the medium emits a forward sound cone. Here, we show that in a system with spin-orbit interactions in addition to this normal Cherenkov sound there appears an anomalous Cherenkov sound with forward and backward sound propagation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the transition from the normal to anomalous Cherenkov sound happens in a singular way at the Cherenkov cone angle. The detection of this acoustic singularity therefore represents an alternative experimental tool for the measurement of the spin-orbit coupling strength.

Smirnov, Sergey [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Advanced structure-borne sound Wave mobilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

^p e j(v -p ) · Wave mobilities © Prof. B.A.T. Petersson Advanced structure-borne sound · Decomposed1 Advanced structure-borne sound p(kx) v(kx) v = p Y = ^ve- jkx x ejv ^pe- jkx x e jp = ^v ^p = ^v;2 Advanced structure-borne sound · Interface mobilities s C kp = 2p C kq = 2q C ; p = 0 ±1 ±2 ±3... ; q = 0

Berlin,Technische Universität

67

Zero sound in dipolar Fermi gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the propagation of sound in a homogeneous dipolar gas at zero temperature, which is known as zero sound. We find that undamped zero sound propagation is possible only in a range of solid angles around the direction of polarization of the dipoles. Above a critical dipole moment, we find an unstable mode, by which the gas collapses locally perpendicular to the dipoles' direction.

Ronen, Shai [JILA and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80301 (United States); Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Innsbruck, and Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Bohn, John L. [JILA and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80301 (United States)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

Sound Waves from Quenched Jets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heavy ion collisions at RHIC/LHC energies are well described by the (nearly ideal) hydrodynamics. Last year this success has been extended to higher angular harmonics, $v_n,n=3..9$ induced by initial-state perturbations, in analogy to cosmic microwave background fluctuations. Here we use hydrodynamics to study sound propagation emitted by quenched jets. We use the so called "geometric acoustics" to follow the sound propagation, on top of the expanding fireball. The conical waves, known as "Mach cones", turn out to be strongly distorted. We show that large radial flow makes the observed particle spectra to be determined mostlly by the vicinity of their intersection with the fireball's space-like and time-like freezeout surfaces. We further show how the waves modify the freezeout surfaces and spectra. We end up comparing our calculations to the two-particle correlation functions at RHIC, while emphasizing that studies of dijet events observed at LHC should provide much better test of our theory.

Vladimir Khachatryan; Edward Shuryak

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Schlumberger Resistivity Soundings At Chena Geothermal Area ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Schlumberger Resistivity Soundings Activity Date 1979 - 1980 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis Geophysical studies through the University of Alaska...

70

Experiment Indicates Sound Waves Can Trigger Quakes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in a laboratory setting, a Los Alamos researcher and his colleagues have shown that seismic waves-the sounds radiated from earthquakes-can induce earthquake aftershocks, often...

71

Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 universities, 9 private businesses Overview Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition Petroleum Reduction Project - DE-EE0002020 Project Objectives: * Reduce petroleum use in the...

72

Acoustic attenuation, phase and group velocities in liquid-filled pipes II: Simulation for spallation neutron sources and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,8 provided an analytical model for predicting both the attenuation and sound speed in a liquid-filled pipe uses a Finite Element Method (FEM) to compare predictions of the attenuation and sound speeds those for sound speed data. Having validated the FEM approach in this way, the versatility of FEM

Sóbester, András

73

Sound radiation of double reed woodwinds F. B. Konkel1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound radiation of double reed woodwinds F. B. Konkel1 , A. Jakob1 , F. Heintze2 , M. M¨oser1 1 position for the active influence [1]. Sound radiation is the ratio between the sound pressure radiated by the instrument to the sound pressure inside the instrument. Hence, one hundred percent sound radiation is a full

Berlin,Technische Universität

74

Satellite Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NOAA Tec / Satellite Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft #12;U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Infrared Soundings From NOAA Spacecraft L. M. McMillin D. Q. Wark J. M. Siomkajlo P. G. Abel A. Werbowetzki. E. Bittner C. M. Hayden #12;UDC 551.507.362.2:551.508.2:551.501.7:535-1 Physics Infrared radiation

75

EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of Massachusetts EIS-0470: Cape Wind Energy Project, Nantucket Sound, Offshore of Massachusetts June 25, 2014 EIS-0470: Cape...

76

achieve uniform sound: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Sound Renderer Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: sound waves propagation is achieved by the ECHO module using an original hierarchical radiant...

77

Sound Science: Taking Action with Acoustics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

From tin whistles to sonic booms, sound waves interact with each other and with the medium through which they travel. By observing these interactions, we can identify substances that are hidden in sealed containers and obtain images of buried objects. By manipulating the ability of sound to push matter around, we can create novel structures and unique materials. Join the Lab's own sound hound, Dipen Sinha, as he describes how he uses fundamental research in acoustics for solving problems in industry, security and health.

Sinha, Dipen

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

78

Physical Consonance Law of Sound Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound consonance is the reason why it is possible to exist music in our life. However, rules of consonance between sounds had been found quite subjectively, just by hearing. To care for, the proposal is to establish a sound consonance law on the basis of mathematical and physical foundations. Nevertheless, the sensibility of the human auditory system to the audible range of frequencies is individual and depends on a several factors such as the age or the health in a such way that the human perception of the consonance as the pleasant sensation it produces, while reinforced by an exact physical relation, may involves as well the individual subjective feeling.

Mario Goto

2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

79

Sound Science: Taking Action with Acoustics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From tin whistles to sonic booms, sound waves interact with each other and with the medium through which they travel. By observing these interactions, we can identify substances that are hidden in sealed containers and obtain images of buried objects. By manipulating the ability of sound to push matter around, we can create novel structures and unique materials. Join the Lab's own sound hound, Dipen Sinha, as he describes how he uses fundamental research in acoustics for solving problems in industry, security and health.

Sinha, Dipen

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

Nonlinear Sound during Granular Impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How do dynamic stresses propagate in granular material after a high-speed impact? This occurs often in natural and industrial processes. Stress propagation in a granular material is controlled by the inter-particle force law, $f$, in terms of particle deformation, $\\delta$, often given by $f\\propto\\delta^{\\alpha}$, with $\\alpha>1$. This means that a linear wave description is invalid when dynamic stresses are large compared to the original confining pressure. With high-speed video and photoelastic grains with varying stiffness, we experimentally study how forces propagate following an impact and explain the results in terms of the nonlinear force law (we measure $\\alpha\\approx 1.4$). The spatial structure of the forces and the propagation speed, $v_f$, depend on a dimensionless parameter, $M'=t_cv_0/d$, where $v_0$ is the intruder speed at impact, $d$ is the grain diameter, and $t_c$ is a binary collision time between grains with relative speed $v_0$. For $M'\\ll 1$, propagati ng forces are chain-like, and the measured $v_f \\propto d/t_c\\propto v_b(v_0/v_b)^\\frac{\\alpha-1}{\\alpha+1}$, where $v_b$ is the bulk sound speed. For larger $M'$, the force response has a 2D character, and forces propagate faster than predicted by $d/t_c$ due to collective stiffening of a packing.

Abram H. Clark; Alec J. Petersen; Lou Kondic; R. P. Behringer

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Puget Sound Energy- Resource Conservation Manager Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Resource Conservation Manager Program (RCM) provides funding and support to customers who hire a RCM. The role of an RCM is to increase efficiency by focusing on...

82

Cutting sound enhancement system for mining machines  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cutting sound enhancement system (10) for transmitting an audible signal from the cutting head (101) of a piece of mine machinery (100) to an operator at a remote station (200), wherein, the operator using a headphone unit (14) can monitor the difference in sounds being made solely by the cutting head (101) to determine the location of the roof, floor, and walls of a coal seam (50).

Leigh, Michael C. (Coal Center, PA); Kwitowski, August J. (Clairton, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Merged Sounding Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Merged Sounding value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer (MWR), surface meteorological instruments, and European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state at one-minute temporal intervals and a total of 266 altitude levels.

Troyan, D

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

84

Heat transfer in sound propagation and attenuation through gas-liquid polyhedral foams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A cell method is developed, which takes into account the bubble geometry of polyhedral foams, and provides for the generalized Rayleigh-Plesset equation that contains the non-local in time term corresponding to heat relaxation. The Rayleigh-Plesset equation together with the equations of mass and momentum balances for an effective single-phase inviscid fluid yield a model for foam acoustics. The present calculations reconcile observed sound velocity and attenuation with those predicted using the assumption that thermal dissipation is the dominant damping mechanism in a range of foam expansions and sound excitation frequencies.

Yuri M. Shtemler; Isaac R. Shreiber

2007-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

85

Ultrasonic Sound Field Mapping Through Coarse Grained Cast Austenitic Stainless Steel Components  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been involved with nondestructive examination (NDE) of coarse-grained cast austenitic stainless steel (CASS) components for over 30 years. More recent work has focused on mapping the ultrasonic sound fields generated by low-frequency phased array probes that are typically used for the evaluation of CASS materials for flaw detection and characterization. The casting process results in the formation of large grained material microstructures that are nonhomogeneous and anisotropic. The propagation of ultrasonic energy for examination of these materials results in scattering, partitioning and redirection of these sound fields. The work reported here provides an assessment of sound field formation in these materials and provides recommendations on ultrasonic inspection parameters for flaw detection in CASS components.

Crawford, Susan L.; Prowant, Matthew S.; Cinson, Anthony D.; Larche, Michael R.; Diaz, Aaron A.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Verification and Validation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

include modeling simulation (which is a form of Test, Demonstration, and Analysis). INL system engineers specialize in helping projects through the Verification and Validation...

87

Validated SCR Concept Development  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

* CAE package study (urea tank, exhaust line) * Kinetic aftertreatment modeling (1D -> 3D) -> Validated model chain SCR concept development: * Optimization of SCR concept: *...

88

Classification of heart valve sounds from experiments in an anechoic water tank  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In vivo studies in both sheep and humans were plagued by a number of problems including movement artifacts, biological noise, low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), chest-wall reverberation, and limited bandwidth recordings as discussed by [1]. To overcome these problems it was decided to record heart valve sounds under controlled conditions deep in an anechoic water tank, free from reverberation noise. The main goal of this experiment was to obtain measurements of ''pure'' heart valve sounds free of the scattering effects of the body. Experiments were conducted at the Transdec facility in San Diego [2]. We used a high quality hydrophone together with a wide-band data acquisition system [2]. We recorded sounds from 100 repetitions of the opening-closing cycles on each of 50 different heart valves, including 21 SLS valves and 29 intact valves. The power spectrum of the opening and closing phases of each cycle were calculated and outlier spectra removed as described by Candy [2]. In this report, we discuss the results of our classification of the heart valve sound measurements. The goal of this classification task was to apply the fundamental classification algorithms developed for the clinical data in 1994 and 1996 to the measurements from the anechoic water tank. From the beginning of this project, LLNL's responsibility has been to process and classify the heart valve sounds. For this experiment, however, we processed both the opening sounds and closing sounds for comparison purposes. The results of this experiment show that the classifier did not perform well because of low signal-to-noise ratio and excessive variability in signal power from beat-to-beat for a given valve.

Axelrod, M C; Clark, G A; Scott, D

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Spectral analyses of avian heart value sounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

septum gives rise to a small positive R wave in the elctrocardiogram. The depolarization wave moves upwards along the walls ol' the right and left ventri- cles, giving rise to the S wave in the electrocardiogram. Ventricular depolarization lasts.... The fourth sound is fused with the first in individuals having a short P-R interval in the EGG. In rare cs. ses a third component caused by the presystolic tensing of the AV valves had been recorded (19). A fifth sound occurs in some cases after the third...

Jeyaseelan, Prithika

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Puget Sound Reinforcement Project : Planning for Peak Power Needs : Scoping Report, Part A, Summary of Public Comments.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes public participation in the environmental scoping process for the Puget Sound Reinforcement Project, a Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Puget Sound area utilities study of voltage stability in northwestern Washington state. The environmental scoping phase of the Puget Sound project consisted of a series of public meetings and a public comment period. The content of these meetings is summarized in 2.0, Public Involvement. In 3.0, Comment Summary, the report summarizes comments received via meetings, mail and phone. The report ends with a description of the next steps in the project. Chapter 4.0, describes the decision process to be used by BPA and area utilities. Chapter 5.0 describes opportunities for public participation in decisions to be made about the future reliability of Puget Sound's electricity supply.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Product sound: Acoustically pleasant motor drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the framework of the Danish PhD Research school EnergyLab DK. The project is entitled Project sound noise generated by electrical mo- tors driven by a pulse width modulated (PWM) power electronic inverter analytical solution is proposed. The proposed unified analytical solution can be used for most of the carrier

Mathe, Laszlo

92

System development & validation process for emerging growing organizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis has the main purpose of presenting the Development and Validation phase of the product development system from the point of view of an emerging and growing product development organization, denoting the obstacles ...

Almazn Lpez, Jos Antonio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Model Validation Status Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective for the Model Validation Status Review was to perform a one-time evaluation of model validation associated with the analysis/model reports (AMRs) containing model input to total-system performance assessment (TSPA) for the Yucca Mountain site recommendation (SR). This review was performed in response to Corrective Action Request BSC-01-C-01 (Clark 2001, Krisha 2001) pursuant to Quality Assurance review findings of an adverse trend in model validation deficiency. The review findings in this report provide the following information which defines the extent of model validation deficiency and the corrective action needed: (1) AMRs that contain or support models are identified, and conversely, for each model the supporting documentation is identified. (2) The use for each model is determined based on whether the output is used directly for TSPA-SR, or for screening (exclusion) of features, events, and processes (FEPs), and the nature of the model output. (3) Two approaches are used to evaluate the extent to which the validation for each model is compliant with AP-3.10Q (Analyses and Models). The approaches differ in regard to whether model validation is achieved within individual AMRs as originally intended, or whether model validation could be readily achieved by incorporating information from other sources. (4) Recommendations are presented for changes to the AMRs, and additional model development activities or data collection, that will remedy model validation review findings, in support of licensing activities. The Model Validation Status Review emphasized those AMRs that support TSPA-SR (CRWMS M&O 2000bl and 2000bm). A series of workshops and teleconferences was held to discuss and integrate the review findings. The review encompassed 125 AMRs (Table 1) plus certain other supporting documents and data needed to assess model validity. The AMRs were grouped in 21 model areas representing the modeling of processes affecting the natural and engineered barriers, plus the TSPA model itself Description of the model areas is provided in Section 3, and the documents reviewed are described in Section 4. The responsible manager for the Model Validation Status Review was the Chief Science Officer (CSO) for Bechtel-SAIC Co. (BSC). The team lead was assigned by the CSO. A total of 32 technical specialists were engaged to evaluate model validation status in the 21 model areas. The technical specialists were generally independent of the work reviewed, meeting technical qualifications as discussed in Section 5.

E.L. Hardin

2001-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

94

Seismic and Biological Sources of Ambient Ocean Sound /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the most efficient radiation in the ocean. Sounds of seismicmost efficient radiation in the ocean. Of any remote sensingRadiation of Sound The underwater world is never silent. Even a hydrophone placed in the ocean

Freeman, Simon Eric

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

LEE-0152- In the Matter of Sound Oil Company  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On August 16, 1994, Sound Oil Company (Sound) of Seattle Washington, filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals of the Department of Energy. In its Application,...

96

Technology Validation Sig Gronich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, validate stationary fuel cell and hydrogen ICE systems that co- produce hydrogen and electricity from non electrolyzer to hydrogen system to produce hydrogen for $3.30/kg at the plant gate (untaxed and unpressurized

97

Verification and validation benchmarks.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Verification and validation (V&V) are the primary means to assess the accuracy and reliability of computational simulations. V&V methods and procedures have fundamentally improved the credibility of simulations in several high-consequence fields, such as nuclear reactor safety, underground nuclear waste storage, and nuclear weapon safety. Although the terminology is not uniform across engineering disciplines, code verification deals with assessing the reliability of the software coding, and solution verification deals with assessing the numerical accuracy of the solution to a computational model. Validation addresses the physics modeling accuracy of a computational simulation by comparing the computational results with experimental data. Code verification benchmarks and validation benchmarks have been constructed for a number of years in every field of computational simulation. However, no comprehensive guidelines have been proposed for the construction and use of V&V benchmarks. For example, the field of nuclear reactor safety has not focused on code verification benchmarks, but it has placed great emphasis on developing validation benchmarks. Many of these validation benchmarks are closely related to the operations of actual reactors at near-safety-critical conditions, as opposed to being more fundamental-physics benchmarks. This paper presents recommendations for the effective design and use of code verification benchmarks based on manufactured solutions, classical analytical solutions, and highly accurate numerical solutions. In addition, this paper presents recommendations for the design and use of validation benchmarks, highlighting the careful design of building-block experiments, the estimation of experimental measurement uncertainty for both inputs and outputs to the code, validation metrics, and the role of model calibration in validation. It is argued that the understanding of predictive capability of a computational model is built on the level of achievement in V&V activities, how closely related the V&V benchmarks are to the actual application of interest, and the quantification of uncertainties related to the application of interest.

Oberkampf, William Louis; Trucano, Timothy Guy

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Structure-borne sound Flexural wave (bending wave)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Structure-borne sound Flexural wave (bending wave) One dimensional (beam) +(/x)dx +(/x)dx = (/x) (/x)dx=(2/x2)dx Mz +(Mz/x)dx Mz vy Fy Fy +(Fy/x)dx Structure-borne sound Bending wave flexural wave #12;2 Structure-borne sound Two obliquely propagating waves + - + + - + - Structure

Berlin,Technische Universitt

99

Detection of aeroacoustic sound sources on aircraft and wind turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detection of aeroacoustic sound sources on aircraft and wind turbines Stefan Oerlemans #12;Detection of aeroacoustic sound sources on aircraft and wind turbines S. Oerlemans Thesis University;DETECTION OF AEROACOUSTIC SOUND SOURCES ON AIRCRAFT AND WIND TURBINES PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de

Twente, Universiteit

100

Position Paper: Processing sound for interpretation. Dr. Leslie S. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

view of sound perception strongly influenced by J.J. Gibson, we consider what the sound itself can information. Since we also believe that low­level human auditory processing is independent of the nature of the sound, be it speech or not, we are interested in how the low­level human auditory system extracts

Smith, Leslie S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The Archeology of Relic Sound Waves J.R. Gladden  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Archeology of Relic Sound Waves J.R. Gladden Assistant Professor of Physics University and results from this large body of work. I have found the recent article "Cosmic sound waves rule" by Daniel" in the movies aside). However, there was a time when sound waves filled the entire universe, and recent

Gladden, Josh

102

INFLUENCE OF SOUND WAVE STIMULATION ON THE GROWTH OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INFLUENCE OF SOUND WAVE STIMULATION ON THE GROWTH OF STRAWBERRY IN SUNLIGHT GREENHOUSE Lirong Qi differences between the circumstances of the two sunlight greenhouses, the strawberry after the sound wave disease and insect pest were enhanced. The experiment results show that sound wave stimulation can

Boyer, Edmond

103

ISIS, AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO SOUND WAVES Clarence Barlow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISIS, AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH TO SOUND WAVES Clarence Barlow Royal Conservatoire Juliana van Sinusoids', is a means of mathematically interpolating sine wave segments between the samples of a sound wave recording (the word "sample" is here used as in "sample rate"). The sound wave is thus

California at Santa Barbara, University of

104

Classification of heart valve sounds from experiments in an anechoic water tank  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In vivo studies in both sheep and humans were plagued by a number of problems including movement artifacts, biological noise, low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), chest-wall reverberation, and limited bandwidth recordings as discussed by [1]. To overcome these problems it was decided to record heart valve sounds under controlled conditions deep in an anechoic water tank, free from reverberation noise, including surface reflections. Experiments were conducted in a deep water tank at the Transdec facility in San Diego, which satisfies these requirements. The Transdec measurements are free of reverberations, but not totally free of acoustic and electrical noise. We used a high quality hydrophone together with a wide-band data acquisition system [2]. We recorded sounds from 100 repetitions of the opening-closing cycles on each of 50 different heart valves, including 21 SLS valves and 29 intact valves. The power spectrum of the opening and closing phases of each cycle were calculated and outlier spectra removed as described by Candy [2]. In this report, we discuss the results of our classification of the heart valve sound measurements. The goal of this classification task was to apply the fundamental classification algorithms developed for the clinical data in 1994 and 1996 to the measurements from the anechoic water tank. From the beginning of this project, LLNL's responsibility has been to process and classify the heart valve opening sounds. For this experiment, however, we processed both the opening sounds and closing sounds for comparison purposes. The results of this experiment show that the classifier did not perform well. We believe this is because of low signal-to-noise ratio and excessive variability in signal power from beat-to-beat for a given valve.

Axelrod, M C; Clark, G A; Scott, D

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Nonlinear theory of ionic sound waves in a hot quantum-degenerate electron-positron-ion plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A collisionless nonmagnetized e-p-i plasma consisting of quantum-degenerate gases of ions, electrons, and positrons at nonzero temperatures is considered. The dispersion equation for isothermal ionic sound waves is derived and analyzed, and an exact expression is obtained for the linear velocity of ionic sound. Analysis of the dispersion equation has made it possible to determine the ranges of parameters in which nonlinear solutions in the form of solitons should be sought. A nonlinear theory of isothermal ionic sound waves is developed and used for obtaining and analyzing the exact solution to the system of initial equations. Analysis has been carried out by the method of the Bernoulli pseudopotential. The ranges of phase velocities of periodic ionic sound waves and soliton velocities are determined. It is shown that in the plasma under investigation, these ranges do not overlap and that the soliton velocity cannot be lower than the linear velocity of ionic sound. The profiles of physical quantities in a periodic wave and in a soliton are constructed, as well as the dependences of the velocity of sound and the critical velocity on the ionic concentration in the plasma. It is shown that these velocities increase with the ion concentration.

Dubinov, A. E., E-mail: dubinov-ae@yandex.ru; Sazonkin, M. A., E-mail: figma@mail.r [Sarov State Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Sound Wave in Vortex with Sink  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Komar's definition, we give expressions for the mass and angular momentum of a rotating acoustic black hole. We show that the mass and angular momentum so defined, obey the equilibrium version of the first law of Black Hole thermodynamics. We also show that when a phonon passes by a vortex with a sink, its trajectory is bent. The angle of bending of the sound wave to leading order is quadratic in $A/cb$ and $B/cb$, where $b$ is the impact parameter and $A$ and $B$ are the parameters in the velocity of the fluid flow. The time delay in the propagation of sound wave which to first order depends only on $B/c^2$ and is independent of $A$.

Soumen Basak

2003-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

107

Effective speed of sound in phononic crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new formula for the effective quasistatic speed of sound $c$ in 2D and 3D periodic materials is reported. The approach uses a monodromy-matrix operator to enable direct integration in one of the coordinates and exponentially fast convergence in others. As a result, the solution for $c$ has a more closed form than previous formulas. It significantly improves the efficiency and accuracy of evaluating $c$ for high-contrast composites as demonstrated by a 2D example with extreme behavior.

A. A. Kutsenko; A. L. Shuvalov; A. N. Norris

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

108

Sound Coiled-Tubing Drilling Practices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Coiled-Tubing Drilling (CTD) Sound Practices Manual provides tools needed by CTD engineers and supervisors to plan, design and perform safe, successful CTD operations. As emphasized throughout, both careful planning and attention to detail are mandatory for success. A bibliography of many useful CTD references is presented in Chapter 6. This manual is organized according to three processes: 1) Pre-Job Planning Process, 2) Operations Execution Process, and 3) Post-Job Review Process. Each is discussed in a logical and sequential format.

Williams, Thomas; Deskins, Greg (Maurer Technology Inc.); Ward, Stephen L. (Advantage Energy Services Ltd); Hightower, Mel

2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

109

Sound velocity bound and neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been conjectured that the velocity of sound in any medium is smaller than the velocity of light in vacuum divided by $\\sqrt{3}$. Simple arguments support this bound in non-relativistic and/or weakly coupled theories. The bound has been demonstrated in several classes of strongly coupled theories with gravity duals and is saturated only in conformal theories. We point out that the existence of neutron stars with masses around two solar masses combined with the knowledge of the equation of state of hadronic matter at "low" densities is in strong tension with this bound.

Paulo F. Bedaque; Andrew W. Steiner

2015-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

110

CIPS Validation Data Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents analysis, findings and recommendations resulted from a task 'CIPS Validation Data Plan (VDP)' formulated as an POR4 activity in the CASL VUQ Focus Area (FA), to develop a Validation Data Plan (VDP) for Crud-Induced Power Shift (CIPS) challenge problem, and provide guidance for the CIPS VDP implementation. The main reason and motivation for this task to be carried at this time in the VUQ FA is to bring together (i) knowledge of modern view and capability in VUQ, (ii) knowledge of physical processes that govern the CIPS, and (iii) knowledge of codes, models, and data available, used, potentially accessible, and/or being developed in CASL for CIPS prediction, to devise a practical VDP that effectively supports the CASL's mission in CIPS applications.

Nam Dinh

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Validating Energy Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

13-14, 1994 Table 1 _. Measurement Schedule Description Type of Measurement Tool Raw Material Input Throughput rate Company hourly record Product Output Throughput rale Company hourly record Extruder Drive Demand and Energy kW and kWh meter... MEASUREMENTS The energy measurements are as important to a business decision maker as valid news sources are to the chief editor of a newspaper. The energy measurements become all the more important in industrial audits because of the following...

Chari, S.; Thomas, D.

112

accurate sound localization: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Profile Layers Engineering Websites Summary: Accurate Ranging in a Stratified Underwater Medium with Multiple Iso-gradient Sound Speed Profile between sensor nodes in an...

113

Puget Sound Energy- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs offer a variety of incentives for customers who purchase energy efficient appliances and equipment. Rebates include furnaces...

114

Puget Sound Energy- Multi-Family Efficiency Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Puget Sound Energy (PSE) offers two different programs for multifamily energy efficiency rebates: the Multifamily Retrofit Program and the Multifamily New Construction Program. In order to...

115

Puget Sound Energy- Portable Classroom Energy Efficient Controls Rebate Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Portable Classroom Controls Rebate program offers rebates to school customers who upgrade portable classroom controls from seven-day programmable thermostats to 365-day...

116

Manta Wings: Wave Energy Testing Floats to Puget Sound | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

approximately 11 feet tall. "Puget Sound has the appropriate scale waves for these test models. It's mimicking a real ocean environment," says Reenst Lesemann, VP of Business...

117

Electromagnetic Soundings At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of this study was to obtain a more complete model of the geologic structure and hydrology of Kilauea's east rift zone Notes Electromagnetic transient soundings were conducted...

118

Electromagnetic Soundings At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Mallan...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mallan, Et Al., 2001) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Electromagnetic Soundings At Dixie Valley Geothermal Area (Mallan, Et Al.,...

119

Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations At Mt Princeton Hot...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Vertical Electrical Sounding Configurations At Mt Princeton Hot Springs Geothermal Area (Zohdy, Et Al.,...

120

UBC 50th Anniversary Sound Collection / UBC Archives (collector)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UBC 50th Anniversary Sound Collection / UBC Archives (collector) Compiled by Erwin Wodarczak (2006 Archives (collector). September- October 1965. 20 audio recordings. Administrative Sketch The University

Handy, Todd C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Schlumberger soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Schlumberger soundings in the Upper Raft River and Raft River Valleys, Idaho and Utah Abstract In 1975, the U.S. Geological Survey made seventy Schlumberger resistivity...

122

Puget Sound Energy- Commercial Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Puget Sound Energy's (PSE) Energy Efficient Equipment Rebate Programs offer a variety of incentives to non-residential customers. Eligible technologies include lighting measures, air conditioners,...

123

Schlumberger Resistivity Soundings At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Schlumberger Resistivity Soundings At Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area (Kauahikaua & Klein, 1978) Exploration Activity Details Location Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area...

124

Online Submission ID: 0594 Sound Propagation in Large Complex Environments Using Wave-Ray Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online Submission ID: 0594 Sound Propagation in Large Complex Environments Using Wave-Ray Coupling-3 cal acoustic techniques for sound propagation that computes how4 sound waves travel in space reducing the overall computation.19 1 Introduction20 Sound propagation techniques determine how sound waves

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

125

Online Submission ID: 0301 Wave-Ray Coupling for Interactive Sound Propagation in Large Complex Scenes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online Submission ID: 0301 Wave-Ray Coupling for Interactive Sound Propagation in Large Complex numerical techniques.18 1 Introduction19 Sound propagation techniques are used to model how sound waves20 applications use geometric sound propagation40 techniques, which assume that sound waves travels like rays

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

126

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. II. LAGRANGIAN CONSTRAINED ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The speed of sound greatly exceeds typical flow velocities in many stellar and planetary interiors. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof models attempt to remove fast acoustic waves while retaining stratified convection and buoyancy dynamics. In astrophysics, anelastic models typically receive the most attention in the class of sound-filtered stratified models. Generally, anelastic models remain valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may break down in strongly sub-adiabatic, stably stratified layers common in stellar radiative zones. However, studying stellar rotation, circulation, and dynamos requires understanding the complex coupling between convection and radiative zones, and this requires robust equations valid in both regimes. Here we extend the analysis of equation sets begun in Brown et al., which studied anelastic models, to two types of pseudo-incompressible models. This class of models has received attention in atmospheric applications, and more recently in studies of white-dwarf supernova progenitors. We demonstrate that one model conserves energy but the other does not. We use Lagrangian variational methods to extend the energy conserving model to a general equation of state, and dub the resulting equation set the generalized pseudo-incompressible (GPI) model. We show that the GPI equations suitably capture low-frequency phenomena in both convection and radiative zones in stars and other stratified systems, and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number codes to this equation set.

Vasil, Geoffrey M.; Lecoanet, Daniel [Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Astrophysics Center, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Wood, Toby S., E-mail: vasil@cita.utoronto.ca [Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Baskin School of Engineering, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. PART I. ANELASTIC APPROXIMATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Typical flows in stellar interiors are much slower than the speed of sound. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof equations are in wide use, particularly in stellar astrophysical fluid dynamics. These low-Mach number equations include the anelastic equations. Generally, these equations are valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may not be valid in the sub-adiabatic, stably stratified stellar radiative interiors. Understanding the coupling between the convection zone and the radiative interior is a problem of crucial interest and may have strong implications for solar and stellar dynamo theories as the interface between the two, called the tachocline in the Sun, plays a crucial role in many solar dynamo theories. Here, we study the properties of gravity waves in stably stratified atmospheres. In particular, we explore how gravity waves are handled in various sound-proof equations. We find that some anelastic treatments fail to conserve energy in stably stratified atmospheres, instead conserving pseudo-energies that depend on the stratification, and we demonstrate this numerically. One anelastic equation set does conserve energy in all atmospheres and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number anelastic codes to this set of equations.

Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Vasil, Geoffrey M., E-mail: bpbrown@astro.wisc.edu [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

128

Abstract- CONVERTING SOUND ENERGY TO ELECTRIC ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We all know everywhere there is huge scarcity of energy and for running most of our appliances and to carry out daily work we need electricity. Its really very difficult to imagine our life without electricity, our life would really stop so there is high need, to produce electricity at faster rate and find some other feasible method to produce electric energy. On the other hand we see that in this modern world there is lot of noise pollution in roads, airports, industries.... Just think if we would be able to convert this NOISE POLLUTION TO ELECTRIC ENERGY....??? Yes this could be made possible lets see how Scientific explanation:- sound is a mechanical form of energy which travel in the form of wave, mechanical wave that is an oscillation of pressure this pressure created by the

Shalabh Rakesh Bhatnagar (srb

129

Developing a 3D Sound Environment for a Driving Simulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

squealing of a human-controlled vehicle, and the engine noise of autonomous vehicles. Both the engine of a police vehicle using the Doppler Effect. Other sounds such as vehicle wind noise, beeping of the vehicle. Introduction Sound plays an important role in the realm of driving. Wind and engine noise contribute to fatigue

130

SOUND COMPLIANCE MONITORING FOR THE GAMESA WIND TURBINE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOUND COMPLIANCE MONITORING FOR THE GAMESA WIND TURBINE UD - LEWES, DELAWARE January 2011 ` #12;SOUND COMPLIANCE MONITORING FOR THE GAMESA WIND TURBINE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE LEWES, DELAWARE A Gamesa G90 2.0-MW wind turbine operates at the University of Delaware (UD), Lewes campus on a parcel

Firestone, Jeremy

131

Dust-Acoustic Waves: Visible Sound Waves Robert L. Merlino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dust-Acoustic Waves: Visible Sound Waves Robert L. Merlino Department of Physics and Astronomy with their announcement that: "We find that a new type of sound wave, namely, the dust-acoustic waves, can appear" [1 and experimental work on dust acoustic waves is given. The basic physics of the dust acoustic wave and some

Merlino, Robert L.

132

The Automation of Sound Reasoning and Successful Proof Finding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

709 44 The Automation of Sound Reasoning and Successful Proof Finding LARRY WOS AND BRANDEN scientist naturally envisioned the automation of sound rea- soning ­ reasoning in which conclusions, and find proofs. But can such logical reasoning be fully automated? Can a single computer program

Fitelson, Branden

133

Wave-Based Sound Propagation for VR Applications Ravish Mehra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave-Based Sound Propagation for VR Applications Ravish Mehra University of North Carolina to state-of-the-art wave solvers, enabling real-time, wave-based sound propagation in scenes spanning propagation accurately, it is important to develop interactive wave-based propagation techniques. We present

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

134

TIME-PERIODIC SOUND WAVE PROPAGATION COMPRESSIBLE EULER EQUATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PARADIGM FOR TIME-PERIODIC SOUND WAVE PROPAGATION IN THE COMPRESSIBLE EULER EQUATIONS BLAKE consistent with time-periodic sound wave propagation in the 3 ? 3 nonlinear compressible Euler equations description of shock-free waves that propagate through an oscillating entropy field without breaking or dis

135

Description Sound Devices USBPre is a complete, portable hardware  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Description Sound Devices USBPre is a complete, portable hardware interface for PC and Mac audio electronics, and S/PDIF digital sources with personal computers. Its high-performance, 24-bit 9.x and Windows. SOUND DEVICES #12;Specifications Frequency Response: (reference 1 kHz) 10 Hz - 20 k

136

Project Profile: Indirect, Dual-Media, Phase Changing Material...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Phase Changing Material Modular Thermal Energy Storage System Acciona logo Acciona Solar, under the Thermal Storage FOA, plans to design and validate a prototype and...

137

Spatial Sound Rendering Using Measured Room Impulse Responses Yan Li, Peter F. Driessen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Sound Rendering Using Measured Room Impulse Responses Yan Li, Peter F. Driessen Dept, Banff Centre Banff, Alberta, Canada Abstract-- Spatial sound rendering has many applications different quality and complexity requirements. This paper presents a new spatial sound rendering framework

Driessen, Peter F.

138

The contribution of 3-D sound to the human-computer interface  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound inherently has a spatial quality, an ability to be localized in three dimensions. This is the essence of 3-D, or spatial, sound. A system capable of recording sounds as digitized samples and playing them back in a ...

Vershel, Mark Aaron

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Thermo-acoustic Sound Generation in the Interaction of Pulsed Proton and Laser Beams with a Water Target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The generation of hydrodynamic radiation in interactions of pulsed proton and laser beams with matter is explored. The beams were directed into a water target and the resulting acoustic signals were recorded with pressure sensitive sensors. Measurements were performed with varying pulse energies, sensor positions, beam diameters and temperatures. The obtained data are matched by simulation results based on the thermo-acoustic model with uncertainties at a level of 10%. The results imply that the primary mechanism for sound generation by the energy deposition of particles propagating in water is the local heating of the medium. The heating results in a fast expansion or contraction and a pressure pulse of bipolar shape is emitted into the surrounding medium. An interesting, widely discussed application of this effect could be the detection of ultra-high energetic cosmic neutrinos in future large-scale acoustic neutrino detectors. For this application a validation of the sound generation mechanism to high accur...

Lahmann, R; Graf, K; Hl, J; Kappes, A; Katz, U; Mecke, K; Schwemmer, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

ON THE EULERIAN LARGE EDDY SIMULATION OF DISPERSE PHASE FLOWS: AN ASYMPTOTIC PRESERVING SCHEME FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These constraints are: 1/as the resulting sound speed is inversely proportional to the Stokes number, it is highly on the accurate description of both the continuous carrier phase, gaseous or liquid, and the discrete particulate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Slow sound in lined flow ducts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the acoustic propagation in lined flow duct with a purely reactive impedance at the wall. This reacting liner has the capability to reduce the speed of sound, and thus to enhance the interaction between the acoustic propagation and the low Mach number flow ($M\\simeq0.3$). At the lower frequencies, there are typically 4 acoustic or hydrodynamic propagating modes, with 3 of them propagating in the direction of the flow. Above a critical frequency, there are only 2 propagating modes that all propagate in the direction of the flow. From the exact 2D formulation an approximate 1D model is developed to study the scattering of acoustic waves in a straight duct with varying wall impedance. This simple system, with a uniform flow and with a non-uniform liner impedance at the wall, permits to study the scattering between regions with different waves characteristics. Several situations are characterized to show the importance of negative energy waves, strong interactions between acoustic and hydrodynamic mod...

Auregan, Yves

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Acoustic wave front reversal in a three-phase media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic wave front conjugation is studied in a sandy marine sediment that contains air bubbles in its fluid fraction. The considered phase conjugation is a four-wave nonlinear parametric sound interaction process caused by nonlinear bubble oscillations which are known to be dominant in acoustic nonlinear interactions in three-phase marine sediments. Two various mechanisms of phase conjugation are studied. One of them is based on the stimulated Raman-type sound scattering on resonance bubble oscillations. The second one is associated with sound interactions with bubble oscillations which frequencies are far from resonance bubble frequencies. Nonlinear equations to solve the wave-front conjugation problem are derived, expressions for acoustic wave amplitudes with a reversed wave front are obtained and compared for various frequencies of the excited bubble oscillations.

N. I. Pushkina

2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

143

Acoustic wave front conjugation in a three-phase media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic wave front reversal is studied in a sandy marine sediment that contains air bubbles in its fluid fraction. The considered phase conjugation is a four-wave nonlinear parametric sound interaction process caused by nonlinear bubble oscillations which are known to be dominant in acoustic nonlinear interactions in three-phase marine sediments. Two various mechanisms of phase conjugation are studied. One of them is based on the stimulated Raman-type sound scattering on resonance bubble oscillations. The second one is associated with sound interactions with bubble oscillations which frequencies are far from resonance bubble frequencies. Nonlinear equations to solve the wave-front conjugation problem are derived, expressions for acoustic wave amplitudes with a reversed wave front are obtained and compared for various frequencies of the excited bubble oscillations.

Pushkina, N I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership--Validation Phase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006Photovoltaic Theory and ModelingPink Skies ComingPlainAndrea McNemar

145

Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership-Validation Phase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource Program PreliminaryA3, 1999of Sciencemidway-moxee-rebuild

146

Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Validation Phase | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -the Mid-Infrared at 278, 298,NIST3 AÇORIANO ORIENTAL SEGUNDA-FEIRA, 5 DE MARÇO

147

Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership--Validation Phase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAboutScienceCareers Apply for aCould Work as Heat Shields

148

Southwest Regional Partnership for Carbon Sequestration--Validation Phase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBiSite CulturalDepartment2)isomeraseUS DeptInvestment inexploreBill

149

EIS-0160: Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energys Bonneville Power Administration prepared this statement to assess the environmental and socioeconomic implications of potential solutions to address a power system problem in the Puget Sound area of Washington State.

150

Design and implementation of an underwater sound recording device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to design and build two versions of an underwater sound recording device. The device designed is referred to as the Underwater Sound Recorder (USR), which can be connected to one or two hydrophones or other underwater sound sensors. The URS contains a 26 dB preamplifier and a user selectable gain that permits additional amplification of input to the system from 26 dB to 46 dB. Signals within the frequency range up to 15 kHz may be recorded using the USR. Examples of USR applications are monitoring underwater processes that have the potential to create large pressure waves that could potentially harm fish or other aquatic life, such as underwater explosions or pile driving. Additional applications are recording sound generated by vessels or the vocalizations of some marine mammals, such as the calls from many species of whales.

Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Carlson, Thomas J.; Deng, Zhiqun; Rohrer, John S.; Caviggia, Kurt A.

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

151

Sound-induced micromechanical motions in an isolated cochlea preparation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mechanical processes at work within the organ of Corti can be greatly elucidated by measuring both radial motions and traveling-wave behavior of structures within this organ in response to sound stimuli. To enable such ...

Page, Scott Lawrence

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Update on the Micro-X Sounding Rocket payload  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Micro-X High Resolution Microcalorimeter X-ray Imaging Rocket is a sounding rocket experiment that will combine a transition-edge-sensor X-ray-microcalorimeter array with a conical imaging mirror to obtain high- ...

Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectal

153

Zero sound modes in the AdS/CFT correspondence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the effects of zero sound wave excitations of charged fermion species living around the charged black hole of an AdS/CFT spacetime. In particular, we show that these bulk modes cause corresponding singularities ...

Roxlo, Thomas (Thomas Q.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Non-Gaussianities of primordial perturbations and tensor sound speed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the relation between the non-Gaussianities of the primordial perturbations and the sound speed of the tensor perturbations, that is, the propagation speed of the gravitational waves. We find that the sound speed of the tensor perturbations is directly related not to the auto-bispectrum of the tensor perturbations but to the cross-bispectrum of the primordial perturbations, especially, the scalar-tensor-tensor bispectrum. This result is in sharp contrast with the case of the scalar (curvature) perturbations, where their reduced sound speed enhances their auto-bispectrum. Our findings indicate that the scalar-tensor-tensor bispectrum can be a powerful tool to probe the sound speed of the tensor perturbations.

Toshifumi Noumi; Masahide Yamaguchi

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

155

Sound Waves in (2+1) Dimensional Holographic Magnetic Fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the AdS/CFT correspondence to study propagation of sound waves in strongly coupled (2+1) dimensional conformal magnetic fluids. Our computation provides a nontrivial consistency check of the viscous magneto-hydrodynamics of Hartnoll-Kovtun-Muller-Sachdev to leading order in the external field. Depending on the behavior of the magnetic field in the hydrodynamic limit, we show that it can lead to further attenuation of sound waves in the (2+1) dimensional conformal plasma, or reduce the speed of sound. We present both field theory and dual supergravity descriptions of these phenomena. While to the leading order in momenta the dispersion of the sound waves obtained from the dual supergravity description agrees with the one predicted from field theory, we find a discrepancy at higher order. This suggests that further corrections to HKMS magneto-hydrodynamics are necessary.

Evgeny I. Buchbinder; Alex Buchel; Samuel E. Vazquez

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

156

Hearing Material 1 Perception of Material from Contact Sounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of simulated enviroments. This circumstance is unfortunate, when one considers that sounds provide important, the force of impact, and the location of contact relative to object geometry. In this paper we concentrate

Pai, Dinesh

157

afro celt sound: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the IEA R&D Wind's Topical expert meeting on Material recycling and life cycle analysis (LCA) of wind turbines 445 and the Brain Sound may seem a straightforward physical phenom-...

158

Re-Engineering Letter-to-Sound Rules Martin Jansche  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Re-Engineering Letter-to-Sound Rules Martin Jansche The Ohio State University Columbus, OH 43210, U.S.A. jansche.1@osu.edu Abstract Using finite-state automata for the text analysis component in a text

Toronto, University of

159

Sound localization and interaural time sensitivity with bilateral cochlear implants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bilateral cochlear implantation is becoming more common as clinicians attempt to provide better sound-source localization and speech reception in noise for cochlear implant (CI) users. While some improvement over the ...

Poon, Becky Bikkei

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Channel Sounding for the Masses: Low Complexity GNU 802.11b Channel Impulse Response Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New techniques in cross-layer wireless networks are building demand for ubiquitous channel sounding, that is, the capability to measure channel impulse response (CIR) with any standard wireless network and node. Towards that goal, we present a software-defined IEEE 802.11b receiver and CIR estimation system with little additional computational complexity compared to 802.11b reception alone. The system implementation, using the universal software radio peripheral (USRP) and GNU Radio, is described and compared to previous work. By overcoming computational limitations and performing direct-sequence spread-spectrum (DS-SS) matched filtering on the USRP, we enable high-quality yet inexpensive CIR estimation. We validate the channel sounder and present a drive test campaign which measures hundreds of channels between WiFi access points and an in-vehicle receiver in urban and suburban areas.

Firooz, Mohammad H; Zhang, Junxing; Patwari, Neal; Kasera, Sneha K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Determination of wind from Nimbus-6 satellite sounding data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETERMINATION OF WIND FROM NIMBUS-6 SATELLITE SOUNDING DATA A Thesis by WILLIAM EVERETT CARLE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfil!. ment of the requirement for the deg. . ec of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1979 Major Subject: Meteorology DETEIQ&INATION OE WIND PROS1 NINEDS-6 SATELLITE SOUNDING DATA A Thesis WILLIA11 EVERETT CARLE Aporoved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Commi tee) Nember) (Head of Department) December 1979...

Carle, William Everett

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

The geometry of sound rays in a wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We survey the close relationship between sound and light rays and geometry. In the case where the medium is at rest, the geometry is the classical geometry of Riemann. In the case where the medium is moving, the more general geometry known as Finsler geometry is needed. We develop these geometries ab initio, with examples, and in particular show how sound rays in a stratified atmosphere with a wind can be mapped to a problem of circles and straight lines.

G. W. Gibbons; C. M. Warnick

2011-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

163

Wave Equation for Sound in Fluids with Vorticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use Clebsch potentials and an action principle to derive a closed system of gauge invariant equations for sound superposed on a general background flow. Our system reduces to the Unruh (1981) and Pierce (1990) wave equations when the flow is irrotational, or slowly varying. We illustrate our formalism by applying it to waves propagating in a uniformly rotating fluid where the sound modes hybridize with inertial waves.

Santiago Esteban Perez Bergliaffa; Katrina Hibberd; Michael Stone; Matt Visser

2001-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

164

Absorption of sound in liquids and liquid mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSORPTION OF SOUND IN LIQUIDS AND LIQUID MIXTURES A Thesis Raiq S. causa Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) January 1955 L1BRARY A 4 M COLLEOE OF IEXAS ADSORPTION OF SOfP@ LIQUIDS AND LIQUID NIXTURES A Thesis... Introduction to the Problem Experimental Methods and Procedures Results Discussion of Results Acknowledgements Bib 1 io graphy 22 4I 42 Introduction to the Problem The study of sound absorption in liquids and liquid mixtures is of considerable...

Musa, Raiq S

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

165

Puget Sound area electric reliability plan. Draft environmental impact statement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) identifies the alternatives for solving a power system problem in the Puget Sound area. This Plan is undertaken by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Puget Sound Power & Light, Seattle City Light, Snohomish Public Utility District No. 1 (PUD), and Tacoma Public Utilities. The Plan consists of potential actions in Puget Sound and other areas in the State of Washington. A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, there is more demand for power than the electric system can supply in the Puget Sound area. This high demand, called peak demand, occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies, the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both. The plan to balance Puget Sound`s power demand and supply has these purposes: The plan should define a set of actions that would accommodate ten years of load growth (1994--2003). Federal and State environmental quality requirements should be met. The plan should be consistent with the plans of the Northwest Power Planning Council. The plan should serve as a consensus guideline for coordinated utility action. The plan should be flexible to accommodate uncertainties and differing utility needs. The plan should balance environmental impacts and economic costs. The plan should provide electric system reliability consistent with customer expectations. 29 figs., 24 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Acoustic attenuation, phase and group velocities in liquid-filled pipes: Theory, experiment, and examples of water and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­311 1971 formulation, which predicts the phase speed of propagating axisymmetric modes inside a liquid speed, of the modes as a function of frequency. Measurements of the sound speeds and the attenuations investigated and the measured sound speeds and the damping of the modes were compared with the theoretical

Sóbester, András

167

Evaluation of a MUSIC-based real-time sound localization of multiple sound sources in real noisy environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the goal of improving human-robot speech communication, the localization of multiple sound sources in the 3D-space based on the MUSIC algorithm was implemented and evaluated in a humanoid robot embedded in real noisy ...

Chatot, Olivier

168

Temporal Integration of Sound Pressure Determines Thresholds of Auditory-Nerve Fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and at variance with one another. They include sound pressure, sound power, or intensity, which are proportional to the square of pressure, and energy, i.e., the integral of sound power over time. Here we showTemporal Integration of Sound Pressure Determines Thresholds of Auditory-Nerve Fibers Peter Heil

Allen, Jont

169

A Robust Heart Sounds Segmentation Module Based on S-Transform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Robust Heart Sounds Segmentation Module Based on S-Transform Ali Moukadem1, 3 , Alain Dieterlen presents a new module for heart sounds segmentation based on S-Transform. The heart sounds segmentation process segments the PhonoCardioGram (PCG) signal into four parts: S1 (first heart sound), systole, S2

Boyer, Edmond

170

On the propagation of sound waves in a stellar wind traversed by periodic strong shocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been claimed that in stellar winds traversed by strong shocks the mechanism for driving the wind by sound wave pressure cannot operate because sound waves cannot propagate past the shocks. It is shown here that sound waves can propagate through shocks in one direction and that this is a sufficient condition for the sound wave pressure mechanism to work. A strong shock amplifies a sound wave passing through it and can drag the sound wave away from the star. It is immaterial for the sound wave pressure gradient that the sound wave vector points towards the star. Since the strong shocks drag the sound waves away, the star itself is the source for the sound waves propagating towards it.

F. P. Pijpers

1994-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

171

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Draft Environmental Impact State.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) identifies the alternatives for solving a power system problem in the Puget Sound area. This Plan is undertaken by Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), Puget Sound Power Light, Seattle City Light, Snohomish Public Utility District No. 1 (PUD), and Tacoma Public Utilities. The Plan consists of potential actions in Puget Sound and other areas in the State of Washington. A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, there is more demand for power than the electric system can supply in the Puget Sound area. This high demand, called peak demand, occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies, the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both. The plan to balance Puget Sound's power demand and supply has these purposes: The plan should define a set of actions that would accommodate ten years of load growth (1994--2003). Federal and State environmental quality requirements should be met. The plan should be consistent with the plans of the Northwest Power Planning Council. The plan should serve as a consensus guideline for coordinated utility action. The plan should be flexible to accommodate uncertainties and differing utility needs. The plan should balance environmental impacts and economic costs. The plan should provide electric system reliability consistent with customer expectations. 29 figs., 24 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

XML Document XML Document Types and Validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XML Document Types and Validation IIM-I340 Objectives XML Document Types and Validation IIM-I340 April, 2010 #12;XML Document Types and Validation IIM-I340 Objectives Learning Objectives Understand: The need for validation Two ways to specify validity: Document Type Definitions (DTDs) XML Schemas #12;XML

Weber, Gregory D.

173

Sound emission from the gas of molecular superrotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use an optical centrifuge to deposit a controllable amount of rotational energy into dense molecular ensembles. Subsequent rotation-translation energy transfer, mediated by thermal collisions, results in the localized heating of the gas and generates strong sound wave, clearly audible to the unaided ear. For the first time, the amplitude of the sound signal is analyzed as a function of the experimentally measured rotational energy. The proportionality between the two experimental observables confirms that rotational excitation is the main source of the detected sound wave. As virtually all molecules, including the main constituents of the atmosphere, are amenable to laser spinning by the centrifuge, we anticipate this work to stimulate further development in the area of photo-acoustic control and spectroscopy.

Milner, A A; Milner, V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Speed of sound in liquids at high pressure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a new general formula for the sound speed in adiabatic conditions ( S = const ) has been established. The sound speed depends on the mass density {\\rho} (p,T ) and the internal energy per unit mass E(p,T ), both expressed as functions of the pressure p and the temperature T . This formula has been compared with experimental data on the example of triolein over the pressure range up to 450 MPa. For experimental data, phenomenological approximate formulas have been proposed. Those formulas have two versions, depending on the 2 and 3 parameters. Both versions have been developed with the help of the new expression (Eq.8) for the sound speed. The explicit form of both approximate curves can be regarded as the result of purely phenomenological modeling. However, in this paper, these new analytical expressions have been obtained by applying the heuristic procedure described in Appendix.

P., Kielczynski; S, Piekarski

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Sound damping constant for generalized theories of gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The near-horizon metric for a black brane in anti-de Sitter space and the metric near the AdS boundary both exhibit hydrodynamic behavior. We demonstrate the equivalence of this pair of hydrodynamic systems for the sound mode of a conformal theory. This is first established for Einstein's gravity, but we then show how the sound damping constant will be modified from its Einstein form for a generalized theory. The modified damping constant is expressible as the ratio of a pair of gravitational couplings that are indicative of the sound-channel class of gravitons. This ratio of couplings differs from both that of the shear diffusion coefficient and the shear viscosity to entropy ratio. Our analysis is mostly limited to conformal theories, but suggestions are made as to how this restriction might eventually be lifted.

Brustein, Ram [Department of Physics, Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, 84105 (Israel); Medved, A. J. M. [Physics Department, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

176

Reviews and Validations | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reviews and Validations Reviews and Validations External Independent Review (EIR) Procedures Under DOE O 413.3B, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital...

177

Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vehicle and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation Hydrogen Vehicle and Infrastructure Demonstration and Validation 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program...

178

Verification and Validation of Simulation Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Verification and Validation of Simulation Model 1 Verification and Validation 2 #12;Verification · Examples ­ simulation model: open networks with exponential interarrival time distribution and uniform

Shihada, Basem

179

Puget Sound acidity levels drop after ASARCO shutdown  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The levels of acidity in Puget Sound region rainfall have decreased significantly since the shutdown of the ASARCO copper smelter in Tacoma, Washington, according to a study funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency. Results indicate that sulfate and hydrogen ion concentrations obtained from samples taken before the closure were significantly different than those collected after the shutdown. Rainwater samples collected downwind during smelter operation were also significantly different from those collected upwind. Sulfur dioxide is considered to be one of the principal contributors to acid rain. The smelter was a major source of sulfur dioxide emissions in the Puget Sound region before it shut down in March 1985.

Not Available

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

On viscosity, conduction and sound waves in the intracluster medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent X-ray and optical observations of the Perseus cluster indicate that the viscous and conductive dissipation of sound waves is the mechanism responsible for heating the intracluster medium and thus balancing radiative cooling of cluster cores. We discuss this mechanism more generally and show how the specific heating and cooling rates vary with temperature and radius. It appears that the heating mechanism is most effective above 10^7K, which allows for radiative cooling to proceed within normal galaxy formation but will stifle the growth of very massive galaxies. The scaling of the wavelength of sound waves with cluster temperature and feedback in the system are investigated.

A. C. Fabian; C. S. Reynolds; G. B. Taylor; R. J. H. Dunn

2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sound waves and the absence of Galilean invariance in flocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a model of flocking for a very large system (N=320,000) numerically. We find that in the long wavelength, long time limit, the fluctuations of the velocity and density fields are carried by propagating sound modes, whose dispersion and damping agree quantitatively with the predictions of our previous work using a continuum equation. We find that the sound velocity is anisotropic and characterized by its speed $c$ for propagation perpendicular to the mean velocity $$, $$ itself, and a third velocity $\\lambda $, arising explicitly from the lack of Galilean invariance in flocks.

Yuhai Tu; John Toner; Markus Ulm

1997-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

182

On the Riemann Problem for a Hyperbolic TwoPhase D. Zeidan a,# , E. Toro b and A. Slaouti c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phases is much lower than the speed of sound of the two­phase mixture. A procedure is then developed­phase flow problems in this paper describe one­dimensional isentropic mixtures of liquid and vapour for solving the Riemann problem for a mixture of liquid and vapour obeying an equation of state of the form

183

Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source -Sound Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave represents displacement Wave represents pressure Source - Sound Waves Distance between crests is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency Wave represents pressure Target - Radio Waves Distance between crests is wavelength Number of crests passing a point in 1 second is frequency

Colorado at Boulder, University of

184

Brief Communications Unstable Representation of Sound: A Biological Marker of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brief Communications Unstable Representation of Sound: A Biological Marker of Dyslexia Jane and reading skills. Children with dyslexia, who often exhibit impairments in auditory-based perceptual skills manifestations of auditory impairments in dyslexia include impaired perception of speech in background noise

185

Baseline Sound Monitoring at Grant-Kohrs Ranch NHS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

include natural and cultural sound resources within park units. · Section 4.9: Soundscape Management preservation) · 2002 Winter Use Plan (Yellowstone) · 2006 NPS Management Policies (soundscapes) · Miller Soundscape Management Excerpt: "The Service will preserve soundscape resources and values of the parks

Maher, Robert C.

186

Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines Affect the Health of Those turbines haveWind turbines have been getting biggerbeen getting bigger and bigger....and bigger.... Lars Needs Wind turbines are "green" and areWind turbines are "green" and are contributing to our energy

Salt, Alec N.

187

PUGET SOUND ENERGY, INC- 14-123-LNG  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Fossil Energy gives notice of receipt of an application filed on September 4, 2014, by Puget Sound Energy, Inc. requesting authorization to import and export a combined total of up to 10,000 MMBtu units of natural gas per day beginning on November 1, 2014 and ending on October 31, 2018.

188

and the Brain Sound may seem a straightforward physical phenom-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hearing and the Brain Sound may seem a straightforward physical phenom- enon, whose waves can be recorded, charted and parsed. But no machines can do what the human brain does--understand a wide variety of electrical and computer engineering and member of the Institute for Systems Research, studies how the brain

Hill, Wendell T.

189

Sound waves in the intracluster medium of the Centaurus cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the discovery of ripple-like X-ray surface brightness oscillations in the core of the Centaurus cluster of galaxies, found with 200 ks of Chandra observations. The features are between 3 to 5 per cent variations in surface brightness with a wavelength of around 9 kpc. If, as has been conjectured for the Perseus cluster, these are sound waves generated by the repetitive inflation of central radio bubbles, they represent around 5x10^42 erg/s of spherical sound-wave power at a radius of 30 kpc. The period of the waves would be 10^7 yr. If their power is dissipated in the core of the cluster, it would balance much of the radiative cooling by X-ray emission, which is around 1.3x10^43 erg/s within the inner 30 kpc. The power of the sound waves would be a factor of four smaller that the heating power of the central radio bubbles, which means that energy is converted into sound waves efficiently.

J. S Sanders; A. C. Fabian

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

190

Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Rafael A. IRIZARRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Harmonic Estimation in Musical Sound Signals Rafael A. IRIZARRY Statistical modeling so a local harmonic model that tracks changes in pitch and in the amplitudes of the harmonics is fit estimates of the harmonic signal and of the noise signal. Different musical composition applications may

Irizarry, Rafael A.

191

Issues in Building General Letter to Sound Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for building letter to sound (LTS) rules from a word list in a language. The technique can be fully automatic, though a small amount of hand seeding can give better results. We have applied this technique to English (UK and US), French and German. The generated...

Black, Alan W; Lenzo, Kevin; Pagel, Vincent

192

Metric approach for sound propagation in nematic liquid crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the eikonal approach, we describe sound propagation near to topological defects of nematic liquid crystal as geodesics of a non-euclidian manifold endowed with an effective metric tensor. The relation between the acoustics of the medium and this geometrical description is given by Fermat's principle. We calculate the ray trajectories and propose a diffraction experiment to retrieve informations about the elastic constants.

E. Pereira; S. Fumeron; F. Moraes

2013-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Sound wave propagation in weakly polydisperse granular materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound wave propagation in weakly polydisperse granular materials O. Mouraille, S. Luding NSM/DCT/TUDelft, Julianalaan 136, 2628 BL Delft, Netherlands Abstract Dynamic simulations of wave propagation are performed. A small perturbation is created on one side of a static packing and its propagation, for both P- and S-waves

Luding, Stefan

194

Formal Type Soundness for Cyclone's Region System Dan Grossman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

management of Cyclone and its static typing discipline. The design incorporates several advance- mentsFormal Type Soundness for Cyclone's Region System Dan Grossman Greg Morrisett Trevor Jim Mike Hicks Yanling Wang James Cheney November 2001 Abstract Cyclone is a polymorphic, type-safe programming language

Hicks, Michael

195

Experimenting with Sound Immersion in an Arts and Crafts Museum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimenting with Sound Immersion in an Arts and Crafts Museum Fatima-Zahra Kaghat, Cécile Le.azough, leprado, cubaud}@cnam.fr, areti.damala@gmail.com Abstract. Technical museums are goods targets wireless devices. Our system takes into consideration the position of museum visitors as well

Boyer, Edmond

196

A method for enhancement of background sounds in forensic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method for enhancement of background sounds in forensic audio recordings Robert C. Maher;Outline · Introduction ­ Audio forensic analysis ­ Adaptive interference cancelling ­ Sinusoidal modeling · Test implementation · Example processing · Conclusion #12;Audio Forensics · Audio Forensics

Maher, Robert C.

197

A Numerical Method for Two Phase Flow Consisting of Separate Compressible and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can be limiting because of the di#11;erence in sound speed between the liquid phase and gas phases mixing of liquids. We use the level set method to track the interface between the compressible and incom with large density ratios, e.g. the combustion of fuel droplets or the shock induced mixing of liquids

Soatto, Stefano

198

On the phase speed and attenuation of an interface wave in an unconsolidated marine sediment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of mineral grains b w / 0 density ratio 0 bulk modulus of sediment a Also at: Institute of SoundOn the phase speed and attenuation of an interface wave in an unconsolidated marine sediment for publication 7 June 1999 The phase speed and attenuation of the interface wave at the seawater

Buckingham, Michael

199

On the Riemann Problem for a Hyperbolic Two-Phase D. Zeidana,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

phases is much lower than the speed of sound of the two-phase mixture. A procedure is then developed problems in this paper describe one-dimensional isentropic mixtures of liquid and vapour, such as those for solving the Riemann problem for a mixture of liquid and vapour obeying an equation of state of the form

200

Alpha phase precipitation from phase-separated beta phase in...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Alpha phase precipitation from phase-separated beta phase in a model Ti-Mo-Al alloy studied by direct coupling of transmission Alpha phase precipitation from phase-separated beta...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Meso-Scale Modeling of Spall in a Heterogeneous Two-Phase Material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of the heterogeneous second-phase particle structure and applied loading conditions on the ductile spall response of a model two-phase material was investigated. Quantitative metallography, three-dimensional (3D) meso-scale simulations (MSS), and small-scale spall experiments provided the foundation for this study. Nodular ductile iron (NDI) was selected as the model two-phase material for this study because it contains a large and readily identifiable second- phase particle population. Second-phase particles serve as the primary void nucleation sites in NDI and are, therefore, central to its ductile spall response. A mathematical model was developed for the NDI second-phase volume fraction that accounted for the non-uniform particle size and spacing distributions within the framework of a length-scale dependent Gaussian probability distribution function (PDF). This model was based on novel multiscale sampling measurements. A methodology was also developed for the computer generation of representative particle structures based on their mathematical description, enabling 3D MSS. MSS were used to investigate the effects of second-phase particle volume fraction and particle size, loading conditions, and physical domain size of simulation on the ductile spall response of a model two-phase material. MSS results reinforce existing model predictions, where the spall strength metric (SSM) logarithmically decreases with increasing particle volume fraction. While SSM predictions are nearly independent of applied load conditions at lower loading rates, which is consistent with previous studies, loading dependencies are observed at higher loading rates. There is also a logarithmic decrease in SSM for increasing (initial) void size, as well. A model was developed to account for the effects of loading rate, particle size, matrix sound-speed, and, in the NDI-specific case, the probabilistic particle volume fraction model. Small-scale spall experiments were designed and executed for the purpose of validating closely-coupled 3D MSS. While the spall strength is nearly independent of specimen thickness, the fragment morphology varies widely. Detailed MSS demonstrate that the interactions between the tensile release waves are altered by specimen thickness and that these interactions are primarily responsible for fragment formation. MSS also provided insights on the regional amplification of damage, which enables the development of predictive void evolution models.

Springer, H K

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

202

Sound Source Separation G. Evangelista, S. Marchand, M. D. Plumbley, E. Vincent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1 Sound Source Separation G. Evangelista, S. Marchand, M. D. Plumbley, E. Vincent 1 preprint of: G. Evangelista, S. Marchand, M. D. Plumbley and E. Vincent. Sound source separation. In U

Plumbley, Mark

203

Fear of an Arab Planet: The Sounds and Rhythms of Afro-Arab Internationalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lubin, Fear of an Arab Planet: The Sounds and Rhythms ofL UBIN Fear of an Arab Planet: The Sounds and Rhythms ofUnited States. Fear of an Arab Planet Hip-hops global reach

Lubin, Alex

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Syllabus Additional Topics from guest speakers: -Polymers in Flow, Blood Clotting, Nerves as Sound Waves,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as Sound Waves, - Microfluidics, Lab-on-a-Chip etc. 1. Philosophical and Introductory Remarks 2. Some Stokes Equation 1. Elastic and Dissipative Processes 15.Navier Stokes Equation: A little bit about Sound

Lin, Xi

205

Soundgen : a Web services based sound generation system for the psychoacoustics laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soundgen is a web services based sound generation system developed for the MIT Psychoacoustics Laboratory Course 6.I82. The sounds created by Soundgen are combinations of various tones and noises, produced by a dedicated ...

Naber, Michael R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Reaching for Sound Measures: An Ecologically Valid Estimate of Spatial Hearing in 2-to 3-Year-Old  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

known. Eldridge S Adams, Ecology & Evolutionary Biol- ogy, University of Connecticut, Storrs are separated into three well- organized sections. The first deals with human and avian perception of color, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, Maryland Ecology and Evolution of Cooperative Breed- ing

Litovsky, Ruth

207

CFD Validation of Gas Injection into Stagnant Water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Investigations in the area of two-phase flow at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) facility are progressing. It is expected that the target vessel lifetime could be extended by introducing gas into the liquid mercury target. As part of an effort to validate the two-phase computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model, simulations and experiments of gas injection in stagnant water have been completed. The volume of fluid (VOF) method as implemented in ANSYS-CFX was used to simulate the unsteady two-phase flow of gas injection into stagnant water. Flow visualization data were obtained with a high-speed camera for the comparison of predicted and measured bubble sizes and shapes at various stages of the bubble growth, detachment, and gravitational rise. The CFD model is validated with these experimental measurements at different gas flow rates. The acoustic waves emitted at the time of detachment and during subsequent oscillations of the bubble were recorded with a microphone. The acoustic signature aspect of this validation is particularly interesting since it has applicability to the injection of gas into liquid mercury, which is opaque.

Abdou, Ashraf A [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Methodology for Validating Building Energy Analysis Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this report was to develop a validation methodology for building energy analysis simulations, collect high-quality, unambiguous empirical data for validation, and apply the validation methodology to the DOE-2.1, BLAST-2MRT, BLAST-3.0, DEROB-3, DEROB-4, and SUNCAT 2.4 computer programs. This report covers background information, literature survey, validation methodology, comparative studies, analytical verification, empirical validation, comparative evaluation of codes, and conclusions.

Judkoff, R.; Wortman, D.; O'Doherty, B.; Burch, J.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Probabilistic Methods for Model Validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to Galileos observation of four moons of Jupiter, and phases of Venus in 1610, and Giovanni Zupis observation of phases of Mercury in 1639. Based on the astronomical observation of Tycho Brahe, the Copernicuss model was refined by Johannes Kepler...

Halder, Abhishek

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Survivability validation protocol issues for a system-of-systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper illuminates the various issues confronting a protocol developer as he attempts to construct a system-of-systems (SOS) survivability validation protocol. These issues are considered in the context of a Battle Management Command, Control, and Communications (BMC{sup 3}) network in the form of a Hypothetical System Architecture consisting of air, sea, ground, and space platforms. The purpose of the protocol of concem is to validate the nuclear survivability of the BMC{sup 3} SOS. To achieve this validation, the combined susceptibilities of the SOS platforms and communications links must be considered. A basic SOS simulation concept is described, which assumes individual platform survivability. The nuclear environments to be considered in the simulation are outlined with a discussion of the relationship to basic system susceptibility. Various validation concepts for the SOS protocol are summarized in relation to the life cycle phase during which they would be utilized. Computer simulation issues are discussed, including the environments to be modeled, validation of the codes, documentation, and configuration control. Concluding remarks center on the most likely way of simulating nuclear effects and on treating simulation tools like mission critical items.

Brock, G.; Ianacone, K.J.; Stringer, T.A. [Kaman Sciences Corp., Colorado Springs, CO (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Validation of an Integrated Hydrogen Energy Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a 10-year project conducted by Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (Air Products) to determine the feasibility of coproducing hydrogen with electricity. The primary objective was to demonstrate the technical and economic viability of a hydrogen energy station using a high-temperature fuel cell designed to produce power and hydrogen. This four-phase project had intermediate go/no-go decisions and the following specific goals: ?¢???¢ Complete a technical assessment and economic analysis of the use of high-temperature fuel cells, including solid oxide and molten carbonate, for the co-production of power and hydrogen (energy park concept). ?¢???¢ Build on the experience gained at the Las Vegas H2 Energy Station and compare/contrast the two approaches for co-production. ?¢???¢ Determine the applicability of co-production from a high-temperature fuel cell for the existing merchant hydrogen market and for the emerging hydrogen economy. ?¢???¢ Demonstrate the concept on natural gas for six months at a suitable site with demand for both hydrogen and electricity. ?¢???¢ Maintain safety as the top priority in the system design and operation. ?¢???¢ Obtain adequate operational data to provide the basis for future commercial activities, including hydrogen fueling stations. Work began with the execution of the cooperative agreement with DOE on 30 September 2001. During Phase 1, Air Products identified high-temperature fuel cells as having the potential to meet the coproduction targets, and the molten carbonate fuel cell system from FuelCell Energy, Inc. (FuelCell Energy) was selected by Air Products and DOE following the feasibility assessment performed during Phase 2. Detailed design, construction and shop validation testing of a system to produce 250 kW of electricity and 100 kilograms per day of hydrogen, along with site selection to include a renewable feedstock for the fuel cell, were completed in Phase 3. The system also completed six months of demonstration operation at the wastewater treatment facility operated by Orange County Sanitation District (OCSD, Fountain Valley, CA). As part of achieving the objective of operating on a renewable feedstock, Air Products secured additional funding via an award from the California Air Resources Board. The South Coast Air Quality Management District also provided cost share which supported the objectives of this project. System operation at OCSD confirmed the results from shop validation testing performed during Phase 3. Hydrogen was produced at rates and purity that met the targets from the system design basis, and coproduction efficiency exceeded the 50% target set in conjunction with input from the DOE. Hydrogen production economics, updated from the Phase 2 analysis, showed pricing of $5 to $6 per kilogram of hydrogen using current gas purification systems. Hydrogen costs under $3 per kilogram are achievable if next-generation electrochemical separation technologies become available.

Edward C. Heydorn

2012-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

212

Nonlinear acoustic wave generation in a three-phase seabed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of an acoustic wave by two pump sound waves is studied in a three-phase marine sediment that consists of a solid frame and the pore water with air bubbles in it. To avoid shock-wave formation the interaction is considered in the frequency range where there is a significant amount of sound velocity dispersion. Nonlinear equations are obtained to describe the interaction of acoustic waves in the presence of air bubbles. An expression for the amplitude of the generated wave is obtained and numerical analysis of its dependence on distance and on the resonance frequency of bubbles is performed.

Kukarkin, A B; Zhileikin, Ya M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Nonlinear acoustic wave generation in a three-phase seabed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of an acoustic wave by two pump sound waves is studied in a three-phase marine sediment that consists of a solid frame and the pore water with air bubbles in it. To avoid shock-wave formation the interaction is considered in the frequency range where there is a significant amount of sound velocity dispersion. Nonlinear equations are obtained to describe the interaction of acoustic waves in the presence of air bubbles. An expression for the amplitude of the generated wave is obtained and numerical analysis of its dependence on distance and on the resonance frequency of bubbles is performed.

A. B. Kukarkin; N. I. Pushkina; Ya. M. Zhileikin

2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

214

The sound power output of a monopole source in a cylindrical pipe containing area discontinuities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The sound power output of a monopole source in a cylindrical pipe containing area discontinuities W placed close to a pipe discontinuity. It is found that while the sound power of a monopole source in free pipe is constant in the plane wave region. A sharp increase in sound power is then seen to occur when

Boyer, Edmond

215

Rigid-Body Fracture Sound with Precomputed Soundbanks Changxi Zheng Doug L. James  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rigid-Body Fracture Sound with Precomputed Soundbanks Changxi Zheng Doug L. James Cornell University Figure 1: SMASH! We synthesize the violent fracture and impact sounds of a glass table setting to approximate this brittle fracture sound by a superposition of 4046 modal vibrations (up to 14kHz). To avoid

Columbia University

216

Heart sound analysis for symptom detection and computer-aided diagnosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heart sound analysis for symptom detection and computer-aided diagnosis Todd R. Reed a,*, Nancy E Abstract Heart auscultation (the interpretation by a physician of heart sounds) is a fundamental component for the production of heart sounds, and demonstrate its utility in iden- tifying features useful in diagnosis. We

Reed, Nancy E.

217

Acoustic Analysis of R.E.E.L. Semi-Reveberant Sound Chamber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institute ASHRAE The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers ANSI American National Standards Institute dB Decibel Lp Sound Pressure Level (dB) Lw Sound Power Level (dB) BKG Background Noise TL Sound... PROCEDURE .......................................................................16 H.V.I. Standard ....................................................................................................................18 SONE Calculation...

Elliston, Sean David

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

218

Radiative Transfer of Sound Waves in a Random Flow: Turbulent Scattering, Straining, and Mode-Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiative Transfer of Sound Waves in a Random Flow: Turbulent Scattering, Straining, and Mode and Applied Mathematics Vol. 61, No. 5, pp. 1545-1577 RADIATIVE TRANSFER OF SOUND WAVES IN A RANDOM FLOW the sound wave propagation in a random flow, whose mean flow is large compared with its fluctuation

Fannjiang, Albert

219

Sound Waves, Thermal Conduction, and the Continuity Equation Carl Sovinec, T-15 LANL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound Waves, Thermal Conduction, and the Continuity Equation Carl Sovinec, T-15 LANL 8 to sound waves when we use thermal conduction in our system of equations without continuity. The fluid definitions 0 02 p c , defining c as the adiabatic sound speed, kc 1 , the time for the adiabatic wave

Sovinec, Carl

220

PLANE-WAVE DECOMPOSITION OF A SOUND SCENE USING A CYLINDRICAL MICROPHONE ARRAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLANE-WAVE DECOMPOSITION OF A SOUND SCENE USING A CYLINDRICAL MICROPHONE ARRAY Dmitry N. Zotkin] and for the cylindrical array [2]. An alternative approach is to note that in the plane-wave basis [9] a sound field of converting a sound field into the plane-wave basis de- composes it into directional components. In a recent

Zotkin, Dmitry N.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Physica D 191 (2004) 121136 Wave equation for sound in fluids with vorticity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physica D 191 (2004) 121­136 Wave equation for sound in fluids with vorticity Santiago Esteban illustrate our formalism by applying it to waves propagating in a uniformly rotating fluid where the sound and on the local fluid density and speed of sound. The curved space-time interpretation of the wave equation

Visser, Matt

222

Source and Listener Directivity for Interactive Wave-based Sound Propagation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Source and Listener Directivity for Interactive Wave-based Sound Propagation Ravish Mehra, Lakulish realistic acoustic effects produced by wave-based sound propagation for directional sources and listeners at the listener position as a weighted sum of precomputed SH sound fields. We propose a novel plane-wave

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

223

Lattice Boltzmann BGK simulation of non-linear sound waves: The development of a shock front  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lattice Boltzmann BGK simulation of non-linear sound waves: The development of a shock front J. M Boltzmannsimulationsofthe development of a shock front are performed when a sound wave is emitted from a high amplitude.1088/0305-4470/33/21/305 #12;Lattice Boltzmann BGK simulation of non-linear sound waves 2 1. Introduction The lattice

Boyer, Edmond

224

AIP/123-QED Fuzzy structure theory modeling of sound-insulation layers in complex  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AIP/123-QED Fuzzy structure theory modeling of sound-insulation layers in complex vibroacoustic France (Dated: September 11, 2008) Fuzzy structure theory for sound-insulation layers 1 hal-00684495 is proposed in developing an elas- toacoustic element useful to model sound-insulation layers for compu

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

225

Sound-insulation layers low-frequency modeling, using the fuzzy structure theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

09NVC-0163 Sound-insulation layers low-frequency modeling, using the fuzzy structure theory Laurent [20,200] Hz, sound-insulation layer modeling remains a critical topic. Recent work allows- insulation layer. Nevertheless, such an approach requires a FE model of sound-insulation layer, which may

Boyer, Edmond

226

Self-organization of the Sound Inventories: Analysis and Synthesis of the Occurrence and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-organization of the Sound Inventories: Analysis and Synthesis of the Occurrence and Co Microsoft Research India, Bangalore ­ 560080 September 18, 2007 Abstract The sound inventories of the world of language. 1 Introduction Sound inventories of human languages show a considerable extent of symmetry

Ganguly, Niloy

227

Wave-Based Sound Propagation in Large Open Scenes using an Equivalent Source Formulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave-Based Sound Propagation in Large Open Scenes using an Equivalent Source Formulation RAVISH We present a novel approach for wave-based sound propagation suitable for large, open spaces spanning or simulation systems, present a significant chal- lenge for interactive, wave-based sound propagation

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

228

Feature preservation and negated music in a phase vocoder sound representation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.2.3. Marchand and RaspaudPress. [44] Keiler, F. , and Marchand, S. , 2002: Survey onL. Wells. Routledge. [55] Marchand, S. , 1998: Improved

Apel, Theodore R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

An Exploration of the Effects of Language on the Orchestral Trombone Sound in France, Germany, and the United States.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The orchestral trombone sound of France, Germany, and the United States was analyzed through the lens of language. A thorough investigation of the characteristic sounds (more)

Mounger, Christine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Model Validation with Hybrid Dynamic Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractModel validation has been one of the central topics in power engineering studies for years. As model validation aims at obtaining reasonable models to represent actual behavior of power system components, it has been essential to validate models against actual measurements or known benchmark behavior. System-wide model simulation results can be compared with actual recordings. However, it is difficult to construct a simulation case for a large power system such as the WECC system and to narrow down to problematic models in a large system. Hybrid dynamic simulation with its capability of injecting external signals into dynamic simulation enables rigorous comparison of measurements and simulation in a small subsystem of interest. This paper presents such a model validation methodology with hybrid dynamic simulation. Two application examples on generator and load model validation are presented to show the validity of this model validation methodology. This methodology is further extended for automatic model validation and dichotomous subsystem model validation.

Huang, Zhenyu; Kosterev, Dmitry; Guttromson, Ross T.; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

231

Processing of prosthetic heart valve sounds for classification. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

People with serious heart conditions have had their expected life span extended considerably with the development of the prosthetic heart valve especially with the great strides made in valve design. Even though the designs are extremely reliable, the valves are mechanical and operating continuously over a long period, therefore, structural failures can occur due to fatigue. Measuring heart sounds non-invasively in a noisy environment puts more demands on the signal processing to extract the desired signals from the noise. In this paper the authors discuss acoustical signal processing techniques developed to process noisy heart valve sounds measured by a sensitive, surface contact microphone and used for the eventual classification of the valve.

Candy, J.V.; Jones, H.E.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Acoustic clouds: standing sound waves around a black hole analogue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under certain conditions sound waves in fluids experience an acoustic horizon with analogue properties to those of a black hole event horizon. In particular, a draining bathtub-like model can give rise to a rotating acoustic horizon and hence a rotating black hole (acoustic) analogue. We show that sound waves, when enclosed in a cylindrical cavity, can form stationary waves around such rotating acoustic black holes. These acoustic perturbations display similar properties to the scalar clouds that have been studied around Kerr and Kerr-Newman black holes; thus they are dubbed acoustic clouds. We make the comparison between scalar clouds around Kerr black holes and acoustic clouds around the draining bathtub explicit by studying also the properties of scalar clouds around Kerr black holes enclosed in a cavity. Acoustic clouds suggest the possibility of testing, experimentally, the existence and properties of black hole clouds, using analog models.

Carolina L. Benone; Luis C. B. Crispino; Carlos Herdeiro; Eugen Radu

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

233

Acoustic clouds: standing sound waves around a black hole analogue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under certain conditions sound waves in fluids experience an acoustic horizon with analogue properties to those of a black hole event horizon. In particular, a draining bathtub-like model can give rise to a rotating acoustic horizon and hence a rotating black hole (acoustic) analogue. We show that sound waves, when enclosed in a cylindrical cavity, can form stationary waves around such rotating acoustic black holes. These acoustic perturbations display similar properties to the scalar clouds that have been studied around Kerr and Kerr-Newman black holes; thus they are dubbed acoustic clouds. We make the comparison between scalar clouds around Kerr black holes and acoustic clouds around the draining bathtub explicit by studying also the properties of scalar clouds around Kerr black holes enclosed in a cavity. Acoustic clouds suggest the possibility of testing, experimentally, the existence and properties of black hole clouds, using analog models.

Benone, Carolina L; Herdeiro, Carlos; Radu, Eugen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan : Final Environmental Impact Statement.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A specific need exists in the Puget Sound area for balance between east-west transmission capacity and the increasing demand to import power generated east of the Cascades. At certain times of the year, and during certain conditions, there is more demand for power in the Puget Sound area than the transmission system and existing generation can reliably supply. This high demand, called peak demand occurs during the winter months when unusually cold weather increases electricity use for heating. The existing power system can supply enough power if no emergencies occur. However, during emergencies the system will not operate properly. As demand grows, the system becomes more strained. To meet demand, the rate of growth of demand must be reduced or the ability to serve the demand must be increased, or both.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Generation of Sound Bullets with a Nonlinear Acoustic Lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic lenses are employed in a variety of applications, from biomedical imaging and surgery, to defense systems, but their performance is limited by their linear operational envelope and complexity. Here we show a dramatic focusing effect and the generation of large amplitude, compact acoustic pulses (sound bullets) in solid and fluid media, enabled by a tunable, highly nonlinear acoustic lens. The lens consists of ordered arrays of granular chains. The amplitude, size and location of the sound bullets can be controlled by varying static pre-compression on the chains. We support our findings with theory, numerical simulations, and corroborate the results experimentally with photoelasticity measurements. Our nonlinear lens makes possible a qualitatively new way of generating high-energy acoustic pulses, enabling, for example, surgical control of acoustic energy.

Alessandro Spadoni; Chiara Daraio

2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

236

Velocity of sound in solid methane near melting temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VELOCITY OF SOUND IN SOLID METHANE NEAR MELTING TEMPERATURES A Thesis By JOHN MARTIN WHITEHEAD Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1968 Ma)or Sub)ect: Physics VELOCITY OF SOVND IN SOLID METHANE NEAR MELTING TEMPERATURES A Thesis By JOHN MARTIN WHITEHEAD Approved as to style and content by& (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Departsmnt) (Mem er (Member) May 1968...

Whitehead, John Martin

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

EA-1949: Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project, Puget Sound, WA  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This EA analyzes the potential environmental effects of a proposal by the Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County, Washington to construct and operate the Admiralty Inlet Tidal Project. The proposed 680-kilowatt project would be located on the east side of Admiralty Inlet in Puget Sound, Washington, about 1 kilometer west of Whidbey Island, entirely within Island County, Washington. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is the lead agency. The DOE NEPA process for this project has been canceled.

238

Rainwater source-receptor relationships near an isolated SO/sub 2/ emission source. [Puget Sound area  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is important to improve our understanding of the complex relationships between emissions and subsequent deposition of atmospheric sulfur compounds. These relationships are difficult to examine in the northeastern United States and in central Europe, because the relative contributions of local and distant emissions vary. In the Puget Sound area of Washington State clean background air moves inland from the Pacific Ocean past a relatively small number of emission sources. Most precipitation falls as rain and is associated with cyclonic frontal systems which result in steady southwesterly air flow aloft. The combination of a clean background, very few sulfur sources, and consistent meteorology suggests that rainwater source-receptor relationships may be simpler in the Puget Sound area than elsewhere. The two major SO/sub 2/ emission sources in western Washington are a copper smelter located in Tacoma, WA (4 kg/sec SO/sub 2/) and a coal fired power plant located near Centralia, WA (1.7 kg/sec SO/sub 2/). The copper smelter was permanently shut down in March 1985, presenting an opportunity to validate source-receptor calculations by performing measurements both before and after the smelter closed. This paper includes a discussion of the measurements performed prior to the smelter shutdown. The approach taken to estimate the impact of the copper smelter on mesoscale rainwater composition was to determine the spatial and temporal variability of several appropriate chemical species in the rainwater.

Vong, R.J.; Larson, T.V.; Zoller, W.H.; Covert, D.S.; Charlson, R.J.; Sweet, I.R.; Peterson, R.E.; Miller, T.L.; O'Loughlin, J.F.; Stevenson, M.N.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Assessing the air pollution carrying capacity of the northern Puget Sound region: an application of TAPAS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The technique discussed, the Topographic Air Pollution Analysis System (TAPAS), was developed to provide valid information on the dispersion capability of the lower atmosphere in areas characterized by complex terrain features. A study was undertaken to assess the air quality (SO/sub 2/) impacts associated with energy development in the region and to determine the constraints on energy development due to regulated limitations on the amount of air quality degradation allowable in the area. The emission constraint analysis for the northern Puget Sound region indicated that total SO/sub 2/ emissions in the core area (on an annual basis) are less than half of the amount that could be tolerated in the entire core region while maintaining ambient concentrations within state and federal annual average limitations. However, comparison of source characteristics with source location and grid cell emission restrictions indicated that localized areas adjacent to the major point sources are already far in excess of the SO/sub 2/ carrying capacity. This conclusion is supported by air quality monitoring data that indicate state standard violations at several receptor locations within the study area. The annual maps of wind patterns and PI-Matrix values show areas of both good and poor dispersion characteristics under the most prevalent flow conditions.

Wood, M.C.; Childs J.E.; Marlatt, W.E.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Puget Sound Tidal Energy In-Water Testing and Development Project Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tidal energy represents potential for the generation of renewable, emission free, environmentally benign, and cost effective energy from tidal flows. A successful tidal energy demonstration project in Puget Sound, Washington may enable significant commercial development resulting in important benefits for the northwest region and the nation. This project promoted the United States Department of Energyâ??s Wind and Hydropower Technologies Programâ??s goals of advancing the commercial viability, cost-competitiveness, and market acceptance of marine hydrokinetic systems. The objective of the Puget Sound Tidal Energy Demonstration Project is to conduct in-water testing and evaluation of tidal energy technology as a first step toward potential construction of a commercial-scale tidal energy power plant. The specific goal of the project phase covered by this award was to conduct all activities necessary to complete engineering design and obtain construction approvals for a pilot demonstration plant in the Admiralty Inlet region of the Puget Sound. Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish County (The District) accomplished the objectives of this award through four tasks: Detailed Admiralty Inlet Site Studies, Plant Design and Construction Planning, Environmental and Regulatory Activities, and Management and Reporting. Pre-Installation studies completed under this award provided invaluable data used for site selection, environmental evaluation and permitting, plant design, and construction planning. However, these data gathering efforts are not only important to the Admiralty Inlet pilot project. Lessons learned, in particular environmental data gathering methods, can be applied to future tidal energy projects in the United States and other parts of the world. The District collaborated extensively with project stakeholders to complete the tasks for this award. This included Federal, State, and local government agencies, tribal governments, environmental groups, and others. All required permit and license applications were completed and submitted under this award, including a Final License Application for a pilot hydrokinetic license from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The tasks described above have brought the project through all necessary requirements to construct a tidal pilot project in Admiralty Inlet with the exception of final permit and license approvals, and the selection of a general contractor to perform project construction.

Craig W. Collar

2012-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Modeling and Validation of Pipeline Specifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-on-Chip design process. Many existing approaches employ a bottom-up approach to pipeline validation, where description language (ADL) constructs, and thus allows a powerful top-down approach to pipeline validationModeling and Validation of Pipeline Specifications PRABHAT MISHRA and NIKIL DUTT University

Mishra, Prabhat

242

Ultrasonic tomography for in-process measurements of temperature in a multi-phase medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are described for the in-process measurement of internal particulate temperature utilizing ultrasonic tomography techniques to determine the speed of sound through a specimen material. Ultrasonic pulses are transmitted through a material, which can be a multi-phase material, over known flight paths and the ultrasonic pulse transit times through all sectors of the specimen are measured to determine the speed of sound. The speed of sound being a function of temperature, it is possible to establish the correlation between speed of sound and temperature, throughout a cross-section of the material, which correlation is programmed into a computer to provide for a continuous in-process measurement of temperature throughout the specimen.

Beller, L.S.

1993-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

243

Ultrasonic tomography for in-process measurements of temperature in a multi-phase medium  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for the in-process measurement of internal particulate temperature utilizing ultrasonic tomography techniques to determine the speed of sound through a specimen material. Ultrasonic pulses are transmitted through a material, which can be a multi-phase material, over known flight paths and the ultrasonic pulse transit times through all sectors of the specimen are measured to determine the speed of sound. The speed of sound being a function of temperature, it is possible to establish the correlation between speed of sound and temperature, throughout a cross-section of the material, which correlation is programmed into a computer to provide for a continuous in-process measurement of temperature throughout the specimen.

Beller, Laurence S. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Lattice dynamics and phase diagram of aluminum at high temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dispersion of phonons in the fcc, hcp, and bcc phases of aluminum is calculated at ultrahigh pressures by the method of small displacements in a supercell. The stability of the phonon subsystem is studied. The thermodynamic characteristics are calculated in the quasi-harmonic approximation, and a phase diagram of aluminum is plotted. As compared to the Debye model, the use of a phonon spectrum calculated in the quasi-harmonic approximation significantly broadens the hcp phase field and strongly shifts the phase boundary between the fcc and bcc phases. The normal isentrope is calculated at megabar pressures. It is shown to intersect the fcc-hcp and hcp-bcc phase boundaries. The sound velocity along the normal isentrope is calculated. It is shown to have a nonmonotonic character.

Kudasov, Yu. B., E-mail: yu_kudasov@yahoo.com; Surdin, O. M.; Korshunov, A. S.; Pavlov, V. N. [National Research Nuclear University 'MEPhI,', Sarov State Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation)] [National Research Nuclear University 'MEPhI,', Sarov State Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation); Frolova, N. V.; Kuzin, R. S. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)] [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

Facilitating Sound, Cost-Effective Federal Energy Management (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet is an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). The Federal Government, as the nation's largest energy consumer, has a tremendous opportunity and acknowledged responsibility to lead by example. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) plays a critical role in this effort. FEMP facilitates the Federal Government's implementation of sound, cost-effective energy management and investment practices to enhance the nation's energy security and environmental stewardship. FEMP does this by focusing on the needs of its Federal customers, delivering an array of services across a variety of program areas.

Not Available

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

On Heating of Cluster Cooling Flows by Sound Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate heating of the cool core of a galaxy cluster through the dissipation of sound waves excited by the activities of the central active galactic nucleus (AGN). Using a weak shock theory, we show that this heating mechanism alone cannot reproduce observed temperature and density profiles of a cluster, because the dissipation length of the waves is much smaller than the size of the core and thus the wave energy is not distributed to the whole core. However, we find that if it is combined with thermal conduction from the hot outer layer of the cluster, the wave heating can reproduce the observational results.

Yutaka Fujita; Takeru Ken Suzuki

2005-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

247

Cosmological Baryon Sound Waves Coupled with the Primeval Radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fluid equations for the baryon-electron system in an expanding universe are derived from the Boltzmann equation. The effect of the Compton interaction is taken into account properly in order to evaluate the photon-electron collisional term. As an application, the acoustic motions of the baryon-electron system after recombination are investigated. The effective adiabatic index $\\gamma$ is computed for sound waves of various wavelengths, assuming the perturbation amplitude is small. The oscillations are found to be dumped when $\\gamma$ changes from between 1 (for an isothermal process) to 5/3 (for an adiabatic process).

Kazuhiro Yamamoto; Naoshi Sugiyama; Humitaka Sato

1997-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

248

Theory of Sound Propagation in Superfluid Solutions Filled Porous Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A theory of the propagation of acoustic waves in a porous medium filled with superfluid solution is developed. The elastic coefficients in the system of equations are expressed in terms of physically measurable quantities. The equations obtained describe all volume modes that can propagate in a porous medium saturated with superfluid solution. Finally, derived equations are applied to the most important particular case when the normal fluid component is locked inside a highly porous media (aerogel) by viscous forces and the velocities of two longitudinal sound modes are calculated.

Sh. E. Kekutia; N. D. Chkhaidze

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

249

MHK Projects/Bluemill Sound | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpIncMAK Technologies Jump to:BW2 Tidal < MHKBluemill Sound < MHK

250

Hobe Sound, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:Photon Place:NetHealthHigganum,InformationElectricHobe Sound,

251

Model Validation with Hybrid Dynamic Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AbstractModel validation has been one of the central topics in power engineering studies for years. As model validation aims at obtaining reasonable models to represent actual behavior of power system components, it has been essential to validate models against actual measurements or known benchmark behavior. System-wide model simulation results can be compared with actual recordings. However, it is difficult to construct a simulation case for a large power system such as the WECC system and to narrow down to problematic models in a large system. Hybrid dynamic simulation with its capability of injecting external signals into dynamic simulation enables rigorous comparison of measurements and simulation in a small subsystem of interest. This paper presents such a model validation methodology with hybrid dynamic simulation. Two application examples on generator and load model validation are presented to show the validity of this model validation methodology. This methodology is further extended for automatic model validation and dichotomous subsystem model validation. A few methods to define model quality indices have been proposed to quantify model error for model validation criteria development.

Huang, Zhenyu; Kosterev, Dmitry; Guttromson, Ross T.; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

252

The effects of sound on the boundary layer of an airfoil at high angles of attack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* Numbers in parentheses refer to the References. introducing sound waves into the airstream by means of a variable-frequency oscillator and a loudspeaker mounted near the leading edge of a flat plate. Eventually, another method of producing... these disturbances was settled upon, but several interesting results caused by the use of sound were noted. Laminar boundary layer oscillations could be induced, depending upon the proper combination of sound frequency, speaker position, and free stream velocity...

Hutchinson, Thomas Ira

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Sound Wave in Hot Dense Matter Created in Heavy Ion Collision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A model to study the sound wave in hot dense matter created in heavy ion collisions by jet is proposed.The preliminary data of jet shape analysis of PHENIX Collaboration for all centralities and two directions is well explained in this model. Then the wavelength of the sound wave, the natural frequency of the hot dense matter and the speed of sound wave are estimated from the fit.

X. Sun; Z. Yang

2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

254

Determination of sound speedin biological tissuesbased on frequency analysis of pulse response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

theprincipleofthismeth- od and results of measurements follow. I. THEORY A. Determination of sound speed without mechanical contact The tissuesampleisplacedon an agarstagein a liquid mediumhavingsoundspeedco

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

255

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric sound Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

predicted, especially when Summary: velocity at a reference height of 10 meter, wind turbines in a stable atmosphere generate more sound than... B in daytime. This is perceived...

256

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyzing time-varying sounds Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Engineering ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 43 Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper Summary: descriptions of time-varying sound and to...

257

E-Print Network 3.0 - aeronautic sound shield Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Soundings 199899 1998 2000 2001 2002 2002... the detector from stray light and the cooling fins from solar heating. It also allows a ... Source: Vmel, Holger - Cooperative...

258

A proposed system to automatically control audio sound-to-noise levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the human ear is stimulated by vibrating particles of a1r, sound is sensed. If this sound is undesired, it isp by definition, noise. Any sound that is irx'egular, impulsive, non-repetitive, or simply irri, tating to the listenez' may be classified..., applause, or laughter in theaters; motor or wind noise in moving vehicles] or the noise of people dancing. The level or the souroe ef noise was unimportant sinoe the oontrol system would hold the sound-to-noise level approximately constant. Fox' design...

Neinast, Gary Strickland

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Phase 2, Solid waste retrieval strategy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid TRU retrieval, Phase 1 is scheduled to commence operation in 1998 at 218W-4C-T01 and complete recovery of the waste containers in 2001. Phase 2 Retrieval will recover the remaining buried TRU waste to be retrieved and provide the preliminary characterization by non-destructive means to allow interim storage until processing for disposal. This document reports on researching the characterization documents to determine the types of wastes to be retrieved and where located, waste configurations, conditions, and required methods for retrieval. Also included are discussions of wastes encompassed by Phase 2 for which there are valid reasons to not retrieve.

Johnson, D.M.

1994-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

260

FIMS Data Validation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FIMS Data Validation The Facility Information Management System (FIMS) is the Department's official repository of real property data. The Department relies on the FIMS data for...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

HEV, PHEV, BEV Test Standard Validation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BEV Test Standard Validation 2011 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review May 10, 2011 Michael Duoba Argonne National Laboratory Sponsored by Lee Slezak...

262

Technical Demonstration and Economic Validation of Geothermal...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technical Demonstration and Economic Validation of Geothermal-Produced Electricity from Coproduced Water at Existing OilGas Wells in Texas Technical Demonstration and Economic...

263

OSHPD Postpartum Maternal Outcomes Validation Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

may far exceed that of birth certificate data for severalAdams M. Validity of birth certificate data for the outcomemedical record and birth certificate data. Health Services

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Calibration and Validation of Measurement System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+45 98 14 25 55 Hydraulics and Coastal Engineering No. 2 Calibration and Validation of Measurement ......................................................................................................................................11 9. SIPHON TURBINE ......................................................................................................................................12 10. DUMMY TURBINES

265

Fuel Cell Backup Power Technology Validation (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Presentation about fuel cell backup power technology validation activities at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

Kurtz, J.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.; Saur, G.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

FACILITIES INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (FIMS) DATA VALIDATION...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

not scored xii) Year Acquired - Validated not scored xiii) Disposition Date (Archived data) xiv) Disposition Method (Archived data) xv) Net Proceeds (Archived data) b) The...

267

Nuclear Systems Modeling, Simulation & Validation | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Systems Modeling and Simulation SHARE Nuclear Systems Modeling, Simulation and Validation Reactor physics depletion model for the Advanced Test Reactor Reactor physics depletion...

268

PV Performance and Reliability Validation Capabilities at Sandia...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Performance and Reliability Validation Capabilities at Sandia National Laboratories PV Performance and Reliability Validation Capabilities at Sandia National Laboratories This...

269

Validation and Interactivity of Web API Documentation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of APIs in the directory and shows that REST1 [3] is in the majority and is growing faster than any other validation. 1ProgrammableWeb API styles are self-reported by the API owners, and APIs reported as RESTful mayValidation and Interactivity of Web API Documentation Peter J. Danielsen and Alan Jeffrey Bell Labs

Jeffrey, Alan

270

Reference Directions for a Sound Level Meter , M.R. Vaabenb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

0 and 90 Reference Directions for a Sound Level Meter E. Aflaloa , M.R. Vaabenb , P. Pourtaua , D the requirements of the IEC 61672 standard on sound level meters taking into account noise incidence from level meter must be pointed at the source according to standard IEC 60651. The purpose of the paper

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

271

Elementary excitations and sound speed in liquid He at negative pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elementary excitations and sound speed in liquid 4 He at negative pressures Francesco Albergamoa of positive pressure values and from the sound speed. The maximum negative pressure realized, about -5.5 bar values as the density is decreased below the bulk value due to stretching of the liquid. The negative

Glyde, Henry R.

272

ICSV21, Beijing, China, 13-17 July 2014 1 International Congress on Sound and Vibration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICSV21, Beijing, China, 13-17 July 2014 1 The 21st International Congress on Sound and Vibration 13 on spherical har- #12;21st International Congress on Sound and Vibration (ICSV21), Beijing, China, 13-17 July-17 July, 2014, Beijing/China EFFECT OF SPATIAL SAMPLING APPROACHES ON VIRTUAL HIGH ORDER AMBISONICS

Reiss, Josh

273

Using multi-angle scattered sound to size fish swimbladders Jules S. Jaffe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using multi-angle scattered sound to size fish swimbladders Jules S. Jaffe Jaffe, J. S. 2006. Using multi-angle scattered sound to size fish swimbladders. e ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63: 1397e1404 a simple one-dimensional model of scatter from a fish swimbladder, an expression is derived that predicts

Jaffe, Jules

274

Demo: Logic X Logic is Apple's profession sound production software (Garageband is the consumer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and mastering tools. Logic also has sound to picture capabilities which allows you to score a film or video window Other Software Instruments: · Create a new software instrument track o Choose pre-built instrument from library o Example: keyboards > Organs > Classic Soul · Audition sound o Window > Show Musical

Stowell, Michael

275

Sound velocities of ferropericlase in the Earth's lower mantle Jung-Fu Lin,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction [2] The speed of seismic waves in the Earth's lower mantle is governed by the elastic properties a dramatic increase in the isothermal bulk modulus (KT) and bulk sound velocity (VF) at the electronic spinSound velocities of ferropericlase in the Earth's lower mantle Jung-Fu Lin,1 Steven D. Jacobsen,2

Lin, Jung-Fu "Afu"

276

Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala-processed winds, press., temp, and RH  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala-processed winds, press., temp, and RH. The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Coulter, Richard; Ritsche, Michael

277

UCPOP: A Sound, Complete, Partial Order Planner for ADL J. Scott Penberthy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UCPOP: A Sound, Complete, Partial Order Planner for ADL J. Scott Penberthy IBM T.J. Watson Research;ed preconditions and eects, and with uni- versally quanti#12;ed goals. We prove ucpop is both sound and constraints until all preconditions are guar- anteed to be satis#12;ed. The mainloop makes two types

278

A Battery-Free Tag for Wireless Monitoring of Heart Sounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Battery-Free Tag for Wireless Monitoring of Heart Sounds Soumyajit Mandal, Lorenzo Turicchia that monitors heart sounds. The tag powers up by harvesting ambient RF energy, and contains a low measure heart rate at distances up to 7m from an FCC-compliant RF power source. We also suggest how delays

Sarpeshkar, Rahul

279

4B.3 The Sounding Analog Retrieval System (SARS) Ryan Jewell1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are determined from a calibration process. For severe hail, SARS has been designed to forecast the probability4B.3 The Sounding Analog Retrieval System (SARS) Ryan Jewell1 Storm Prediction Center, Norman, OK 1 System (SARS) is a forecasting algorithm that uses sounding derived parameters to find historical severe

280

Acoustic holography for piston sound radiation with non-uniform velocity profiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acoustic holography for piston sound radiation with non-uniform velocity profiles Ronald M. Aarts results for the radiation of sound due to a non-uniformly moving, baffled, circular piston for estimating the radially symmetric part of a velocity profile (baffled- piston radiation) from on

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Precomputed Wave Simulation for Real-Time Sound Propagation of Dynamic Sources in Complex Scenes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Precomputed Wave Simulation for Real-Time Sound Propagation of Dynamic Sources in Complex Scenes of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Abstract We present a method for real-time sound propagation that captures all wave effects, including diffraction and reverberation, for multi- ple moving sources and a moving

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

282

Journal of Sound and Vibration 298 (2006) 108131 Elastic wave radiation from a high frequency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JOURNAL OF SOUND AND VIBRATION Journal of Sound and Vibration 298 (2006) 108­131 Elastic wave. Introduction Problems concerning the propagation, refraction and diffraction of waves are the subject method to detect defects is to analyse the scattering of the elastic waves generated by ultrasonic

Abrahams, I. David

283

Mid-frequency sound propagation through internal waves at short range with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mid-frequency sound propagation through internal waves at short range with synoptic oceanographic internal waves often are modeled as a background random process introducing small changes in the sound, during, and after the passage of a nonlinear internal wave on 18 August, 2006. Using oceanographic data

284

Reconstruction of nonstationary sound fields based on time domain plane wave superposition method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reconstruction of nonstationary sound fields based on time domain plane wave superposition method X.-Z. Zhanga , J.-H. Thomasb , C.-X. Bia and J.-C. Pascalb a Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, Hefei of the Acoustics 2012 Nantes Conference 23-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 1811 #12;A time-domain plane wave

Boyer, Edmond

285

An evaluation of linear instability waves as sources of sound in a supersonic turbulent jet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An evaluation of linear instability waves as sources of sound in a supersonic turbulent jet Kamran 2002; published 5 September 2002 Mach wave radiation from supersonic jets is revisited to better justification of the linear theory. However, it is found that the sound pressure level predicted by LNS

Dabiri, John O.

286

Observation of sound focusing and defocusing due to propagating nonlinear internal waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observation of sound focusing and defocusing due to propagating nonlinear internal waves J. Luo, M@coas.oregonstate.edu Abstract: Fluctuations of the low frequency sound field in the presence of an internal solitary wave packet image data were collected simultaneously before, during, and after a strong internal solitary wave

287

Energy Integration Describes Sound-Intensity Coding in an Insect Auditory System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Integration Describes Sound-Intensity Coding in an Insect Auditory System Tim Gollisch receptor; hearing; sound intensity; energy; model; locust Auditory receptor cells are commonly measurements of intensity-duration tradeoffs sug- gest that the stimulus energy is the crucial variable (Garner

Benda, Jan

288

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound-insulation layer modelling in car computational vibroacoustics in the medium-frequency range In a previous article, a simplified low- and medium-frequency model for un- certain automotive sound-insulation. In this paper, the insulation simplified model is implemented in an in- dustrial stochastic vibroacoustic model

Boyer, Edmond

289

Wave-Ray Coupling for Interactive Sound Propagation in Large Complex Scenes Hengchin Yeh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave-Ray Coupling for Interactive Sound Propagation in Large Complex Scenes Hengchin Yeh Ravish geometric and numerical acoustic techniques for interactive sound propagation in complex environments. Our numerical wave-based techniques to precompute the pressure field in the near-object regions and geometric

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

290

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. , NO. , PAGES 14, Three-dimensional energetic ion sounding of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,4 Abstract. We present new results using energetic parti- cles to remotely sound the highGEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. , NO. , PAGES 14, Three-dimensional energetic ion sounding present a new technique to remotely sense the magnetopause in three dimensions as a function of time

291

Dissolved metal contamination in the East RiverLong Island sound system: potential biological effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the United States. The ERWLIS region receives treated sewage from 18 wastewater treatment plants in New YorkDissolved metal contamination in the East RiverLong Island sound system: potential biological sewage, and to assess its possible biological impact on local waters. The East RiverLong Island Sound

Johnsen, Snke

292

NEURAL CODING OF SPEECH AND EFFECTS OF EARLY AUDITORY EXPEREINCE IN SPEECH SOUND PROCESSING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, troubleshooting the experimental processes and explain things in clear and in simple terms. I heartily thank himNEURAL CODING OF SPEECH AND EFFECTS OF EARLY AUDITORY EXPEREINCE IN SPEECH SOUND PROCESSING AUDITORY EXPEREINCE IN SPEECH SOUND PROCESSING by KAMALINI G RANASINGHE, MBBS DISSERTATION Presented

Kilgard, Michael P.

293

Processing of prosthetic heart valve sounds for single leg separation classification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efforts are concentrated on the sounds corresponding to the heart valve opening cycle. Valve opening and closing acoustics present additional information about the outlet strut condition---the structural component implicated in valve failure. The importance of the opening sound for single leg separation detection/classification is based on the fact that as the valve opens, the disk passively hits the outlet strut. The opening sounds thus yield direct information about outlet strut condition with minimal amount of disturbance caused by the energy radiated from the disk. Hence the opening sound is a very desirable acoustic signal to extract. Unfortunately, the opening sounds have much lower signal levels relative to the closing sounds and therefore noise plays a more significant role than during the closing event. Because of this it is necessary to screen the sounds for outliers in order to insure a high sensitivity of classification. Because of the sharp resonances appearing in the corresponding spectrum, a parametric processing approach is developed based on an autoregressive model which was selected to characterize the sounds emitted by the Bjork--Shiley convexo--concave (BSCC) valve during opening cycle. First the basic signals and the extraction process used to create an ensemble of heart valve sounds are briefly discussed. Next, a {ital beat} {ital monitor} capable of rejecting beats that fail to meet an acceptance criteria based on their spectral content is developed. Various approaches that have been utilized to enhance the screened data and produce a reliable {ital heart} {ital valve} {ital spectrogram} which displays the individual sounds (power) as a function of beat number and temporal frequency are discussed. Once estimated, the spectrogram and associated parameters are used to develop features supplied to the various classification schemes. Finally, future work aimed at even further signal enhancement and improved classifier performance is discussed.

Candy, J.V.; Jones, H.E. [University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, L-495, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Annual Report: 2010-2011 Storm Season Sampling For NON-DRY DOCK STORMWATER MONITORING FOR PUGET SOUND NAVAL SHIPYARD, BREMERTON, WA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This interim report summarizes the stormwater monitoring conducted for non-dry dock outfalls in both the confined industrial area and the residential areas of Naval Base Kitsap within the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (referred to as the Shipyard). This includes the collection, analyses, and descriptive statistics for stormwater sampling conducted from November 2010 through April 2011. Seven stormwater basins within the Shipyard were sampled during at least three storm events to characterize non-dry dock stormwater discharges at selected stormwater drains located within the facility. This serves as the Phase I component of the project and Phase II is planned for the 2011-2012 storm season. These data will assist the Navy, USEPA, Ecology and other stakeholders in understanding the nature and condition of stormwater discharges from the Shipyard and inform the permitting process for new outfall discharges. The data from Phase I was compiled with current stormwater data available from the Shipyard, Sinclair/Dyes Inlet watershed, and Puget Sound in order to support technical investigations for the Draft NPDES permit. The permit would require storm event sampling at selected stormwater drains located within the Shipyard. However, the data must be considered on multiple scales to truly understand potential impairments to beneficial uses within Sinclair and Dyes Inlets.

Brandenberger, Jill M.; Metallo, David; Johnston, Robert K.; Gebhardt, Christine; Hsu, Larry

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

System and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources is disclosed. Propagating wave electromagnetic sensors monitor excitation sources in sound producing systems, such as machines, musical instruments, and various other structures. Acoustical output from these sound producing systems is also monitored. From such information, a transfer function characterizing the sound producing system is generated. From the transfer function, acoustical output from the sound producing system may be synthesized or canceled. The methods disclosed enable accurate calculation of matched transfer functions relating specific excitations to specific acoustical outputs. Knowledge of such signals and functions can be used to effect various sound replication, sound source identification, and sound cancellation applications.

Holzrichter, John F; Burnett, Greg C; Ng, Lawrence C

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

296

System and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for characterizing, synthesizing, and/or canceling out acoustic signals from inanimate sound sources is disclosed. Propagating wave electromagnetic sensors monitor excitation sources in sound producing systems, such as machines, musical instruments, and various other structures. Acoustical output from these sound producing systems is also monitored. From such information, a transfer function characterizing the sound producing system is generated. From the transfer function, acoustical output from the sound producing system may be synthesized or canceled. The methods disclosed enable accurate calculation of matched transfer functions relating specific excitations to specific acoustical outputs. Knowledge of such signals and functions can be used to effect various sound replication, sound source identification, and sound cancellation applications.

Holzrichter, John F. (Berkeley, CA); Burnett, Greg C. (Livermore, CA); Ng, Lawrence C. (Danville, CA)

2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

297

Dense Heterogeneous Continuum Model of Two-Phase Explosion Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A heterogeneous continuum model is proposed to describe the dispersion of a dense Aluminum particle cloud in an explosion. Let {alpha}{sub 1} denote the volume fraction occupied by the gas and {alpha}{sub 2} the fraction occupied by the solid, satisfying the volume conservation relation: {alpha}{sub 1} + {alpha}{sub 2} = 1. When the particle phase occupies a non-negligible volume fraction (i.e., {alpha}{sub 2} > 0), additional terms, proportional to {alpha}{sub 2}, appear in the conservation laws for two-phase flows. These include: (i) a particle pressure (due to particle collisions), (ii) a corresponding sound speed (which produces real eigenvalues for the particle phase system), (iii) an Archimedes force induced on the particle phase (by the gas pressure gradient), and (iv) multi-particle drag effects (which enhance the momentum coupling between phases). These effects modify the accelerations and energy distributions in the phases; we call this the Dense Heterogeneous Continuum Model. A characteristics analysis of the Model equations indicates that the system is hyperbolic with real eigenvalues for the gas phase: {l_brace}v{sub 1}, v{sub 1} {+-} {alpha}{sub 1}{r_brace} and for the 'particle gas' phase: {l_brace}v{sub 2}, v{sub 2} {+-}{alpha}{sub 2}{r_brace} and the particles: {l_brace}v{sub 2}{r_brace}, where v{sub i} and {alpha}{sub i} denote the velocity vector and sound speed of phase i. These can be used to construct a high-order Godunov scheme to integrate the conservation laws of a dense heterogeneous continuum.

Kuhl, A L; Bell, J B

2010-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

298

Determination of Thermal Diffusivities, Thermal Conductivities, and Sound Speeds of Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids by the Transient Grating Technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determination of Thermal Diffusivities, Thermal Conductivities, and Sound Speeds of Room. The experiments give thermal diffusivities from which thermal conductivities can be determined, sound speeds not only on the sound speed but also on the thermal diffusivity and acoustic damping of the RTILs

Reid, Scott A.

299

The mechanism of sound generation in the interaction between a shock wave and two counter-rotating vortices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The mechanism of sound generation in the interaction between a shock wave and two counter the mechanism of sound generation in the interaction between a shock wave and two counter-rotating vortices to the shock interaction with two isolated vortices, in which the sound wave generated by the interaction

Zhang, Yong-Tao

300

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 85, 051302 (2012) Probing the shear-band formation in granular media with sound waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the application of these experimental methods to real 3D opaque granular materials appears difficult. Sound waves [13­17]. Speed measurements of long-wavelength sound waves allow one to determine the nonlinear scattered sound waves enable one to detect tiny changes of the contact network configuration at the grain

Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, Université

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Horizontal coherence of low-frequency fixed-path sound in a continental shelf region with internal-wave activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Horizontal coherence of low-frequency fixed-path sound in a continental shelf region with internal-wave) populated with tidally generated long- and short-wavelength internal waves. Sound paths are 19 km and explain sound field spatial and temporal variability under these conditions. The intermittent internal-wave

302

Instruments aboard the ship, the Pacific Storm, ping sound waves toward the cable. The oceanographer's eyes flicker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instruments aboard the ship, the Pacific Storm, ping sound waves toward the cable-pound Humboldt squid, and the sound waves, set at 38 kilohertz, bounce off the squid. An image shows up, and it attacks the tethered animal. The oceanographer screams. Fade to black. Seeing with Sound "Actually, I

Benoit-Bird, Kelly J.

303

Interaction of an oblique shock wave with a pair of parallel vortices: Shock dynamics and mechanism of sound generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the mechanism of sound generation in the interaction between an oblique shock wave and a pair of vortices. We is related to the interaction of the reflected shock waves and sound waves. The first mechanism is dominating affected by the interaction of the reflected shock waves and sound waves. © 2006 American Institute

Zhang, Yong-Tao

304

Volume203,number2,3 CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS 19February1993 Transient grating spectroscopy of exciton sound waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of exciton sound waves in dense exciton fluids Jan A. Leegwater and Shaul Mukamel Department of Chemistry to that of sound waves in an ordinary gas. A method to probe these motions using transient grating with strong pump density may disappear and reap- pear later. The physical mechanism is analogous to that of sound waves

Mukamel, Shaul

305

IMMERSIVE SOUND RENDERING USING LASER-BASED TRACKING Panayiotis G. Georgiou, Athanasios Mouchtaris, Stergios I. Roumeliotis, Chris Kyriakakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMMERSIVE SOUND RENDERING USING LASER-BASED TRACKING Panayiotis G. Georgiou, Athanasios Mouchtaris behind the spatial sound renderer built at the University of Southern California's Immersive Audio Laboratory. In creating this sound rendering system, we were faced with three main challenges. First

Roumeliotis, Stergios I.

306

Retrievals of mixed-phase cloud properties during the National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retrievals of mixed-phase cloud properties during the National Polar-Orbiting Operational/Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) to retrieve pixel-level mixed-phase cloud optical thicknesses Satellite Observations Validation Project (C3VP), were analyzed. The performance of the mixed-phase

Liou, K. N.

307

Propagation of sound waves through a spatially homogeneous but smoothly time-dependent medium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of sound through a spatially homogeneous but non-stationary medium is investigated within the framework of fluid dynamics. For a non-vortical fluid, especially, a generalized wave equation is derived for the (scalar) potential of the fluid velocity distribution in dependence of the equilibrium mass density of the fluid and the sound wave velocity. A solution of this equation for a finite transition period ? is determined in terms of the hypergeometric function for a phenomenologically realistic, sigmoidal change of the mass density and sound wave velocity. Using this solution, it is shown that the energy flux of the sound wave is not conserved but increases always for the propagation through a non-stationary medium, independent of whether the equilibrium mass density is increased or decreased. It is found, moreover, that this amplification of the transmitted wave arises from an energy exchange with the medium and that its flux is equal to the (total) flux of the incident and the reflected wave. An interpretation of the reflected wave as a propagation of sound backward in time is given in close analogy to Feynman and Stueckelberg for the propagation of anti-particles. The reflection and transmission coefficients of sound propagating through a non-stationary medium is analyzed in more detail for hypersonic waves with transition periods ? between 15 and 200 ps as well as the transformation of infrasound waves in non-stationary oceans. -- Highlights: Analytically exact study of sound propagation through a non-stationary medium. Energy exchange between the non-stationary medium and the sound wave. Transformation of hypersonic and ultrasound frequencies in non-stationary media. Propagation of sound backward in time in close analogy to anti-particles. Prediction of tsunamis both in spatially and temporally inhomogeneous oceans.

Hayrapetyan, A.G., E-mail: armen@physi.uni-heidelberg.de [Physikalisches Institut, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitt Heidelberg, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fr Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Grigoryan, K.K.; Petrosyan, R.G. [Yerevan State University, 1 Alex Manoogian Str., 0025 Yerevan (Armenia)] [Yerevan State University, 1 Alex Manoogian Str., 0025 Yerevan (Armenia); Fritzsche, S. [Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Frbelstieg 3, D-07743 Jena (Germany) [Helmholtz-Institut Jena, Frbelstieg 3, D-07743 Jena (Germany); Theoretisch-Physikalisches Institut, Friedrich-Schiller-Universitt Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, D-07743 Jena (Germany)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Validating Computer-Designed Proteins for Vaccines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Validating Computer-Designed Proteins for Vaccines Print In the struggle to keep up with microbes whose rapid mutations outpace our ability to produce vaccines, the human race has...

309

Advanced Supply System Validation Workshop Agenda  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

List of Assumptions and Draft Workshop Agenda for the Advanced Supply System Validation Workshop, February 3-4, 2014, Golden, Colorado, from the U.S. Department of Energy's Bioenergy Technologies Office.

310

Tools for event generator tuning and validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I describe the current status of MCnet tools for validating the performance of event generator simulations against data, and for tuning their phenomenological free parameters. For validation, the Rivet toolkit is now a mature and complete system, with a large library of prominent benchmark analyses. For tuning, the Professor system has recently completed its first tunes of Pythia 6, with substantial improvements on the existing default tune and potential to greatly aid the setup of new generators for LHC studies.

Andy Buckley

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

311

Solitary dust sound waves in a plasma with two-temperature ions and distributed grain size  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of weakly nonlinear dust sound waves in a dusty plasma containing two different-temperature ion species is explored. The nonlinear equations describing both the quadratic and cubic plasma nonlinearities are derived. It is shown that the properties of dust sound waves depend substantially on the grain size distribution. In particular, for solitary dust sound waves with a positive potential to exist in a plasma with distributed grain size, it is necessary that the difference between the temperatures of two ion species be larger than that in the case of equal-size grains.

Prudskikh, V. V. [Southern Federal University, Research Institute of Physics (Russian Federation)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Damping of sound waves in superfluid nucleon-hyperon matter of neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider sound waves in superfluid nucleon-hyperon matter of massive neutron-star cores. We calculate and analyze the speeds of sound modes and their damping times due to the shear viscosity and non-equilibrium weak processes of particle transformations. For that, we employ the dissipative relativistic hydrodynamics of a superfluid nucleon-hyperon mixture, formulated recently [M.E. Gusakov and E.M. Kantor, Phys. Rev. D78, 083006 (2008)]. We demonstrate that the damping times of sound modes calculated using this hydrodynamics and the ordinary (nonsuperfluid) one, can differ from each other by several orders of magnitude.

Elena M. Kantor; Mikhail E. Gusakov

2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

313

Processing of Prosthetic Heart Valve Sounds from Anechoic Tank Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

People with serious cardiac problems have had their life span extended with the development of the prosthetic heart valve. However, the valves operate continuously at approximately 39 million cycles per year and are therefore subject to structural failures either by faulty design or material fatigue. The development of a non-invasive technique using an acoustic contact microphone and sophisticated signal processing techniques has been proposed and demonstrated on limited data sets. In this paper we discuss an extension of the techniques to perform the heart valve tests in an anechoic like. Here the objective is to extract a ''pure'' sound or equivalently the acoustical vibration response of the prosthetic valves in a quiet environment. The goal is to demonstrate that there clearly exist differences between values which have a specific mechanical defect known as single leg separation (SLS) and non-defective valves known as intact (INT). We discuss the signal processing and results of anechoic acoustic measurements on 50 prosthetic valves in the tank. Finally, we show the results of the individual runs for each valve, point out any of the meaningful features that could be used to distinguish the SLS from INT and summarize the experiments.

Candy, J V; Meyer, A W

2001-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

314

Dynamics of Sound Waves in an Interacting Bose Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a non-relativistic quantum gas of $N$ bosonic atoms confined to a box of volume $\\Lambda$ in physical space. The atoms interact with each other through a pair potential whose strength is inversely proportional to the density, $\\rho=\\frac{N}{\\Lambda}$, of the gas. We study the time evolution of coherent excitations above the ground state of the gas in a regime of large volume $\\Lambda$ and small ratio $\\frac{\\Lambda}{\\rho}$. The initial state of the gas is assumed to be close to a \\textit{product state} of one-particle wave functions that are approximately constant throughout the box. The initial one-particle wave function of an excitation is assumed to have a compact support independent of $\\Lambda$. We derive an effective non-linear equation for the time evolution of the one-particle wave function of an excitation and establish an explicit error bound tracking the accuracy of the effective non-linear dynamics in terms of the ratio $\\frac{\\Lambda}{\\rho}$. We conclude with a discussion of the dispersion law of low-energy excitations, recovering Bogolyubov's well-known formula for the speed of sound in the gas, and a dynamical instability for attractive two-body potentials.

D. -A. Deckert; J. Frhlich; P. Pickl; A. Pizzo

2014-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

Global sound modes in mirror traps with anisotropic pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Global oscillations of inhomogeneous plasma with frequencies close to the bounce frequency of ions in mirror traps have been studied. It has been shown that, in some cases, the sound can be reflected from the axial plasma inhomogeneity. The ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model with Chew-Goldberger-Low approximation has been utilized to determine conditions of existence of the standing waves in the mirror-confined plasma. Linearized wave equation for the longitudinal plasma oscillations in thin anisotropic inhomogeneous plasma with finite ? has been derived. The wave equation has been treated numerically. The oscillations are studied for the case of the trap with partially filled loss-cone and the trap with sloshing ions. It has been shown that in cells of the multiple-mirror trap standing waves can exist. The frequency of the wave is of the order of the mean bounce-frequency of ions. In the trap with sloshing ions, the mode supported by the pressure of fast ions could exist. The results of oscillations observation in the experiment on the Gas Dynamic Trap have been presented.

Skovorodin, D. I.; Zaytsev, K. V.; Beklemishev, A. D. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)] [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

316

Shear Waves, Sound Waves On A Shimmering Horizon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the context of the so called ``membrane paradigm'' of black holes/branes, it has been known for sometime that the dynamics of small fluctuations on the stretched horizon can be viewed as corresponding to diffusion of a conserved charge in simple fluids. To study shear waves in this context properly, one must define a conserved stress tensor living on the stretched horizon. Then one is required to show that such a stress tensor satisfies the corresponding constitutive relations. These steps are missing in a previous treatment of the shear perturbations by Kovtun, Starinets and Son. In this note, we fill the gap by prescribing the stress tensor on the stretched horizon to be the Brown and York (or Balasubramanian-Kraus (BK) in the AdS/CFT context) holographic stress tensor. We are then able to show that such a conserved stress tensor satisfies the required constitutive relation on the stretched horizon using Einstein equations. We read off the shear viscosity from the constitutive relations in two different channels, shear and sound. We find an expression for the shear viscosity in both channels which are equal, as expected. Our expression is in agreement with a previous membrane paradigm formula reported by Kovtun, Starinets and Son.

Omid Saremi

2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

317

Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbines in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrokinetic turbines will be a source of noise in the marine environment - both during operation and during installation/removal. High intensity sound can cause injury or behavioral changes in marine mammals and may also affect fish and invertebrates. These noise effects are, however, highly dependent on the individual marine animals; the intensity, frequency, and duration of the sound; and context in which the sound is received. In other words, production of sound is a necessary, but not sufficient, condition for an environmental impact. At a workshop on the environmental effects of tidal energy development, experts identified sound produced by turbines as an area of potentially significant impact, but also high uncertainty. The overall objectives of this project are to improve our understanding of the potential acoustic effects of tidal turbines by: (1) Characterizing sources of existing underwater noise; (2) Assessing the effectiveness of monitoring technologies to characterize underwater noise and marine mammal responsiveness to noise; (3) Evaluating the sound profile of an operating tidal turbine; and (4) Studying the effect of turbine sound on surrogate species in a laboratory environment. This study focuses on a specific case study for tidal energy development in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA), but the methodologies and results are applicable to other turbine technologies and geographic locations. The project succeeded in achieving the above objectives and, in doing so, substantially contributed to the body of knowledge around the acoustic effects of tidal energy development in several ways: (1) Through collection of data from Admiralty Inlet, established the sources of sound generated by strong currents (mobilizations of sediment and gravel) and determined that low-frequency sound recorded during periods of strong currents is non-propagating pseudo-sound. This helped to advance the debate within the marine and hydrokinetics acoustic community as to whether strong currents produce propagating sound. (2) Analyzed data collected from a tidal turbine operating at the European Marine Energy Center to develop a profile of turbine sound and developed a framework to evaluate the acoustic effects of deploying similar devices in other locations. This framework has been applied to Public Utility District No. 1 of Snohomish Country's demonstration project in Admiralty Inlet to inform postinstallation acoustic and marine mammal monitoring plans. (3) Demonstrated passive acoustic techniques to characterize the ambient noise environment at tidal energy sites (fixed, long-term observations recommended) and characterize the sound from anthropogenic sources (drifting, short-term observations recommended). (4) Demonstrated the utility and limitations of instrumentation, including bottom mounted instrumentation packages, infrared cameras, and vessel monitoring systems. In doing so, also demonstrated how this type of comprehensive information is needed to interpret observations from each instrument (e.g., hydrophone data can be combined with vessel tracking data to evaluate the contribution of vessel sound to ambient noise). (5) Conducted a study that suggests harbor porpoise in Admiralty Inlet may be habituated to high levels of ambient noise due to omnipresent vessel traffic. The inability to detect behavioral changes associated with a high intensity source of opportunity (passenger ferry) has informed the approach for post-installation marine mammal monitoring. (6) Conducted laboratory exposure experiments of juvenile Chinook salmon and showed that exposure to a worse than worst case acoustic dose of turbine sound does not result in changes to hearing thresholds or biologically significant tissue damage. Collectively, this means that Chinook salmon may be at a relatively low risk of injury from sound produced by tidal turbines located in or near their migration path. In achieving these accomplishments, the project has significantly advanced the District's goals of developing a demonstration-scale tidal energy proj

Brian Polagye; Jim Thomson; Chris Bassett; Jason Wood; Dom Tollit; Robert Cavagnaro; Andrea Copping

2012-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

318

Inversion for subbottom sound velocity profiles in the deep and shallow ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis investigates the application of acoustic measurements in the deep and shallow ocean to infer the sound velocity profile (svp) in the seabed. For the deep water ocean, an exact method based on the Gelfand-Levitan ...

Souza, Luiz Alberto Lopes de

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

EFFECTIVE EQUATIONS FOR SOUND AND VOID WAVE PROPAGATION IN BUBBLY FLUIDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;1850 NIANQING WANG AND PETER SMEREKA calculation of the sound speed agrees with those of previous investigators including nonlinear effects. For review of the literature on acoustic waves in bubbly liquids the reader

Smereka, Peter

320

Hawaiian hot-spot swell structure from seafloor MT sounding Steven Constablea,*, Graham Heinsonb,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hawaiian hot-spot swell structure from seafloor MT sounding Steven Constablea,*, Graham Heinsonb,1 5348090. E-mail addresses: sconstable@ucsd.edu (S. Constable)8 Graham.Heinson@adelaide.edu.au (G. Heinson

Constable, Steve

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Neural correlates and mechanisms of sound localization in everyday reverberant settings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nearly all listening environments-indoors and outdoors alike-are full of boundary surfaces (e.g., walls, trees, and rocks) that produce acoustic reflections. These reflections interfere with the direct sound arriving at a ...

Devore, Sasha

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

E-Print Network 3.0 - air gun sounds Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: air gun sounds Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 UDT Pacific 2000 Conference Sydney, Australia. 7-9 Feb. 2000 Summary: on an investigation of the suitability of a shallow air-gun...

323

New Studies Portray Unbalanced Perspective on Biofuels DOE Committed to Environmentally Sound Biofuels Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Studies Portray Unbalanced Perspective on Biofuels DOE Committed to Environmentally Sound Biofuels Development DOE Response based on contributions from Office of Biomass Program; Argonne National, Hill, Tilman, Polasky and Hawthorne study ("Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt") claims

Minnesota, University of

324

Managing sound sensitivity in autism spectrum disorder : new technologies for customized intervention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many individuals diagnosed with autism experience auditory sensitivity - a condition that can cause irritation, pain, and, in some cases, profound fear. Efforts have been made to manage sound sensitivities in autism, but ...

Morris, Robert, S.M. (Robert Randall). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Sonification of the invisible : large scale sound installments on building facades  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The intention of this project is to utilize sound as representation of MIT research-extending out to the public what may be invisible, or less known to the broader community interested in MIT's spectrum of work. I am ...

Bodle, Carrie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Measurement of sound speed vs. depth in South Pole ice: pressure waves and shear waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Price, Attenuation of acoustic waves in glacial ice and saltacoustics, South Pole, sound speed, pressure waves,shear waves PACS: 47.35.De, 47.35.Rs, 62.65. +k, 92.40.Vq,

Klein, Spencer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

A battery-free tag for wireless monitoring of heart sounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a wearable, battery-free tag that monitors heart sounds. The tag powers up by harvesting ambient RF energy, and contains a low-power integrated circuit, an antenna and up to four microphones. The chip, ...

Mandal, Soumyajit

328

Dynamic Range Adaptation to Sound Level Statistics in the Auditory Nerve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The auditory system operates over a vast range of sound pressure levels (100120 dB) with nearly constant discrimination ability across most of the range, well exceeding the dynamic range of most auditory neurons (2040 ...

Dean, Isabel

329

Visualizing Audio in a First-Person Shooter With Directional Sound Display  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and locale, play games [5], and nearly all teens play games [4]. Thus, the video game market is expanding of video games, aptly named Deaf Gamers.1 The purpose of Digital Sound Display (DSD) is to provide a visual

California at Santa Cruz, University of

330

Spectral analysis of the heart sounds in children with and without pulmonary artery hypertension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectral analysis of the heart sounds in children with and without pulmonary artery hypertension Fourier transform Background: Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is difficult to recognize clinically. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH

Schuurmans, Dale

331

Experimental investigation of sound generation by a protuberance in a laminar boundary layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sound radiation from a two-dimensional protuberance glued on the wall in a laminar boundary layer was investigated experimentally at low Mach numbers. When the protuberance was as high as the boundary-layer thickness, a feedback-loop mechanism set in between protuberance-generated sound and Tollmien-Schlichting (T-S) waves generated by the leading-edge receptivity to the upstream-propagating sound. Although occurrence of a separation bubble immediately upstream of the protuberance played important roles in the evolution of instability waves into vortices interacting with the protuberance, the frequency of tonal vortex sound was determined by the selective amplification of T-S waves in the linear instability stage upstream of the separation bubble and was not affected by the instability of the separation bubble.

Kobayashi, M.; Asai, M.; Inasawa, A. [Department of Aerospace Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 6-6 Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-0065 (Japan)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Sound waves in strongly coupled non-conformal gauge theory plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using gauge theory/gravity duality we study sound wave propagation in strongly coupled non-conformal gauge theory plasma. We compute the speed of sound and the bulk viscosity of N=2^* supersymmetric SU(N_c) Yang-Mills plasma at a temperature much larger than the mass scale of the theory in the limit of large N_c and large 't Hooft coupling. The speed of sound is computed both from the equation of state and the hydrodynamic pole in the stress-energy tensor two-point correlation function. Both computations lead to the same result. Bulk viscosity is determined by computing the attenuation constant of the sound wave mode.

Paolo Benincasa; Alex Buchel; Andrei O. Starinets

2005-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

333

Puget Sound Area Electric Reliability Plan. Appendix B : Local Generation Evaluation : Draft Environmental Impact Statement.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The information and data contained in this Appendix was extracted from numerous sources. The principle sources used for technical data were Bonneville Power Administration's 1990 Resource Program along with its technical appendix, and Chapter 8 of the Draft 1991 Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan. All cost data is reported 1988 dollars unless otherwise noted. This information was supplemented by other data developed by Puget Sound utilities who participated on the Local Generation Team. Identifying generating resources available to the Puget Sound area involved a five step process: (1) listing all possible resources that might contribute power to the Puget Sound area, (2) characterizing the technology/resource status, cost and operating characteristics of these resources, (3) identifying exclusion criteria based on the needs of the overall Puget Sound Electric Reliability Plan study, (4) applying these criteria to the list of resources, and (5) summarizing of the costs and characteristics of the final list of resources. 15 refs., 20 tabs.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

E-Print Network 3.0 - aggregate sound velocities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 VII THINKING OF SOLUTIONS: measures to mitigate night time wind turbine noise Summary: sound levels can be aggregated in 1 ms wind velocity classes...

335

E-Print Network 3.0 - ambient sound measurements Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary of CHI '98, April 18-23, 1998, 1998 ACM 1 ambientROOM: Integrating Ambient Media Summary: of the weather outside from ambient cues such as light, temperature, sound,...

336

Accidents and opportunities: a history of the radio echo-sounding of Antarctica, 1958-79  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores the history of radio echo-sounding (RES), a technique of glaciological surveying that from the late 1960s has been used to examine Antarctica's sub-glacial morphology. Although the origins of RES can ...

Siegert, Martin; Turchetti, S.; Dean, K.; Naylor, S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Validation of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon...

338

Design, Modeling, and Validation of a Flame Reformer for LNT...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Design, Modeling, and Validation of a Flame Reformer for LNT External Bypass Regeneration Design, Modeling, and Validation of a Flame Reformer for LNT External Bypass Regeneration...

339

HEV, PHEV, EV Test Standard Development and Validation | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

HEV, PHEV, EV Test Standard Development and Validation HEV, PHEV, EV Test Standard Development and Validation 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies...

340

T-649: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Request Validation Flaw...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

49: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Request Validation Flaw Permits Cross-Site Request Forgery Attacks T-649: Red Hat Network Satellite Server Request Validation Flaw Permits...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

In Search of a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The cross- section of volatility and expected returns, Theof a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor (revised)of a Statistically Valid Volatility Risk Factor Robert M.

Anderson, Robert M.; Bianchi, Stephen W.; Goldberg, Lisa R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

U-031: Microsoft Active Directory CRL Validation Flaw Lets Remote...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1: Microsoft Active Directory CRL Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Bypass Authentication U-031: Microsoft Active Directory CRL Validation Flaw Lets Remote Users Bypass...

343

U-252: Barracuda Web Filter Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2: Barracuda Web Filter Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting Attacks U-252: Barracuda Web Filter Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting Attacks September...

344

Development and Validation of a Reduced Mechanism for Biodiesel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Validation of a Reduced Mechanism for Biodiesel Surrogates for Compression Ignition Engine Applications Development and Validation of a Reduced Mechanism for Biodiesel Surrogates...

345

T-623: HP Business Availability Center Input Validation Hole...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: HP Business Availability Center Input Validation Hole Permits Cross-Site Scripting Attacks T-623: HP Business Availability Center Input Validation Hole Permits Cross-Site...

346

Demonstrating and Validating a Next Generation Model-Based Controller...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Validating a Next Generation Model-Based Controller for Fuel Efficient, Low Emissions Diesel Engines Demonstrating and Validating a Next Generation Model-Based Controller for...

347

Application of a modified gradient lease squares algorithm to an adaptive, actively quenched, sound field system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A modified least squares algorithm, preventing the overflow of the discharge grid of weight coefficients of an adaptive transverse filter and guaranteeing stable system operation, is suggested for the tuning of an adaptive system of an actively quenched sound field. Experimental results are provided for an adaptive filter with a modified algorithm in a system of several harmonic components of an actively quenched sound field.

Belyakov, A.A.; Mal`tsev, A.A.; Medvedev, S.Yu. [and others

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Shaking things up: young infants' use of sound information for object individuation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SHAKING THINGS UP: YOUNG INFANTS? USE OF SOUND INFORMATION FOR OBJECT INDIVIDUATION A Thesis by TRACY REBECCA SMITH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2007 Major Subject: Psychology SHAKING THINGS UP: YOUNG INFANTS? USE OF SOUND INFORMATION FOR OBJECT INDIVIDUATION A Thesis by TRACY REBECCA SMITH Submitted to the Office...

Smith, Tracy Rebecca

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

349

Validation of thermal models for a prototypical MEMS thermal actuator.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents technical work performed to complete the ASC Level 2 Milestone 2841: validation of thermal models for a prototypical MEMS thermal actuator. This effort requires completion of the following task: the comparison between calculated and measured temperature profiles of a heated stationary microbeam in air. Such heated microbeams are prototypical structures in virtually all electrically driven microscale thermal actuators. This task is divided into four major subtasks. (1) Perform validation experiments on prototypical heated stationary microbeams in which material properties such as thermal conductivity and electrical resistivity are measured if not known and temperature profiles along the beams are measured as a function of electrical power and gas pressure. (2) Develop a noncontinuum gas-phase heat-transfer model for typical MEMS situations including effects such as temperature discontinuities at gas-solid interfaces across which heat is flowing, and incorporate this model into the ASC FEM heat-conduction code Calore to enable it to simulate these effects with good accuracy. (3) Develop a noncontinuum solid-phase heat transfer model for typical MEMS situations including an effective thermal conductivity that depends on device geometry and grain size, and incorporate this model into the FEM heat-conduction code Calore to enable it to simulate these effects with good accuracy. (4) Perform combined gas-solid heat-transfer simulations using Calore with these models for the experimentally investigated devices, and compare simulation and experimental temperature profiles to assess model accuracy. These subtasks have been completed successfully, thereby completing the milestone task. Model and experimental temperature profiles are found to be in reasonable agreement for all cases examined. Modest systematic differences appear to be related to uncertainties in the geometric dimensions of the test structures and in the thermal conductivity of the polycrystalline silicon test structures, as well as uncontrolled nonuniform changes in this quantity over time and during operation.

Gallis, Michail A.; Torczynski, John Robert; Piekos, Edward Stanley; Serrano, Justin Raymond; Gorby, Allen D.; Phinney, Leslie Mary

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

An Aquatic Acoustic Metrics Interface Utility for Underwater Sound Monitoring and Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fishes and other marine mammals suffer a range of potential effects from intense sound sources generated by anthropogenic underwater processes such as pile driving, shipping, sonars, and underwater blasting. Several underwater sound recording devices (USR) were built to monitor the acoustic sound pressure waves generated by those anthropogenic underwater activities, so the relevant processing software becomes indispensable for analyzing the audio files recorded by these USRs. However, existing software packages did not meet performance and flexibility requirements. In this paper, we provide a detailed description of a new software package, named Aquatic Acoustic Metrics Interface (AAMI), which is a Graphical User Interface (GUI) designed for underwater sound monitoring and analysis. In addition to the general functions, such as loading and editing audio files recorded by USRs, the software can compute a series of acoustic metrics in physical units, monitor the sound's influence on fish hearing according to audiograms from different species of fishes and marine mammals, and batch process the sound files. The detailed applications of the software AAMI will be discussed along with several test case scenarios to illustrate its functionality.

Ren, Huiying; Halvorsen, Michele B.; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

351

Reliable Phase Stability Analysis for Asymmetric Models , William D. Haynes2*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Interval analysis; Validated computing; Equation of state; NRTL. * Current address: NFS Inc., 1205 Banner several examples, involving as many as eight components, with NRTL as the liquid phase model and a cubic

Stadtherr, Mark A.

352

Some aspects of the computer simulation of conduction heat transfer and phase change processes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various aspects of phase change processes in materials are discussd including computer modeling, validation of results and sensitivity. In addition, the possible incorporation of cognitive activities in computational heat transfer is examined.

Solomon, A. D.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Data Validation Using Data Descriptors Data validation is often defined by six data descriptors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPENDIX N Data Validation Using Data Descriptors Data validation is often defined by six data descriptors: 1) reports to decision maker 2) documentation 3) data sources 4) analytical method and detection limit 5) data review 6) data quality indicators The decision maker or reviewer examines the data

354

1. We can hear around corners, but we cannot see around corners. The reason is that a) Sound waves carry more energy than do light waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1. We can hear around corners, but we cannot see around corners. The reason is that a) Sound waves carry more energy than do light waves b) The frequency of sound is much greater than that of light c) The wavelength of sound is much greater than that of light d) Sound waves are longitudinal, while light waves

Coleman, Piers

355

Solutions to Test 1 Review Problems 1. Here are two sound waves. Identify which is periodic. For the periodic wave, sketch a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solutions to Test 1 Review Problems 1. Here are two sound waves. Identify which is periodic. Sound wave = You hear a sound that fades in, then gets quiet, then gets louder, and inally fades out. The width of the sound wave corresponds to intensity. (b) Suppose a 1000 Hz tone and a 1008 Hz tone

Hall, Rachel W.

356

Marketing Plan for Demonstration and Validation Assets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), is to be sustained by various programs, including technology demonstration and evaluation (DEMVAL). This project assists companies in developing technologies under the National Security Technology Incubator program (NSTI) through demonstration and validation of technologies applicable to national security created by incubators and other sources. The NSPP also will support the creation of an integrated demonstration and validation environment. This report documents the DEMVAL marketing and visibility plan, which will focus on collecting information about, and expanding the visibility of, DEMVAL assets serving businesses with national security technology applications in southern New Mexico.

None

2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

357

Validation Data Plan Implementation: Subcooled Flow Boiling  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II FieldVacancy-Induced NanoscaleValidatingValidation

358

Validating Computer-Designed Proteins for Vaccines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlongUpdates byUserUtility-ScaleValidatingValidating

359

Reliability and Validity: One Factor and Third Factor Tests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 7 Reliability and Validity: One Factor and Third Factor Tests D. White and A. Korotayev 26 Sept 2003 Html links are live Reliability and validity are crucial issues in research. Reliability may have high validity but low reliability, in which case its correlations with other high validity

White, Douglas R.

360

Puget Sound Dissolved Oxygen Modeling Study: Development of an Intermediate Scale Water Quality Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Salish Sea, including Puget Sound, is a large estuarine system bounded by over seven thousand miles of complex shorelines, consists of several subbasins and many large inlets with distinct properties of their own. Pacific Ocean water enters Puget Sound through the Strait of Juan de Fuca at depth over the Admiralty Inlet sill. Ocean water mixed with freshwater discharges from runoff, rivers, and wastewater outfalls exits Puget Sound through the brackish surface outflow layer. Nutrient pollution is considered one of the largest threats to Puget Sound. There is considerable interest in understanding the effect of nutrient loads on the water quality and ecological health of Puget Sound in particular and the Salish Sea as a whole. The Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology) contracted with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a coupled hydrodynamic and water quality model. The water quality model simulates algae growth, dissolved oxygen, (DO) and nutrient dynamics in Puget Sound to inform potential Puget Sound-wide nutrient management strategies. Specifically, the project is expected to help determine 1) if current and potential future nitrogen loadings from point and non-point sources are significantly impairing water quality at a large scale and 2) what level of nutrient reductions are necessary to reduce or control human impacts to DO levels in the sensitive areas. The project did not include any additional data collection but instead relied on currently available information. This report describes model development effort conducted during the period 2009 to 2012 under a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cooperative agreement with PNNL, Ecology, and the University of Washington awarded under the National Estuary Program

Khangaonkar, Tarang; Sackmann, Brandon S.; Long, Wen; Mohamedali, Teizeen; Roberts, Mindy

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

1 Validation of the CERTS Microgrid Concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AbstractThe development of test plans to validate the CERTS Microgrid concept is discussed, including the status of a testbed. Increased application of Distributed Energy Resources on the Distribution system has the potential to improve performance, lower operational costs and create value

Microgrid Testbed; David K. Nichols; John Stevens; Robert H. Lasseter; Joseph H. Eto; Harry T. Vollkommer; Islanding Microgrid Microturbine

362

Validating Collective Classification Using Cohorts , Abdullah Sonmez  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in ecology to the cycles of energy and chemistry that drive weather and environmental change. We build]. General analysis of network data started with a statistical approach based on random graphs [5]. Work toolkit [15], and a book that covers several aspects in depth [16]. Recent work on validation

Pratt, Vaughan

363

Feature extraction for structural dynamics model validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study focuses on defining and comparing response features that can be used for structural dynamics model validation studies. Features extracted from dynamic responses obtained analytically or experimentally, such as basic signal statistics, frequency spectra, and estimated time-series models, can be used to compare characteristics of structural system dynamics. By comparing those response features extracted from experimental data and numerical outputs, validation and uncertainty quantification of numerical model containing uncertain parameters can be realized. In this study, the applicability of some response features to model validation is first discussed using measured data from a simple test-bed structure and the associated numerical simulations of these experiments. issues that must be considered were sensitivity, dimensionality, type of response, and presence or absence of measurement noise in the response. Furthermore, we illustrate a comparison method of multivariate feature vectors for statistical model validation. Results show that the outlier detection technique using the Mahalanobis distance metric can be used as an effective and quantifiable technique for selecting appropriate model parameters. However, in this process, one must not only consider the sensitivity of the features being used, but also correlation of the parameters being compared.

Hemez, Francois [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nishio, Mayuko [UNIV OF TOKYO; Worden, Keith [UNIV OF SHEFFIELD; Takeda, Nobuo [UNIV OF TOKYO

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

364

RELAP-7 SOFTWARE VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION PLAN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This INL plan comprehensively describes the software for RELAP-7 and documents the software, interface, and software design requirements for the application. The plan also describes the testing-based software verification and validation (SV&V) processa set of specially designed software models used to test RELAP-7.

Smith, Curtis L [Idaho National Laboratory; Choi, Yong-Joon [Idaho National Laboratory; Zou, Ling [Idaho National Laboratory

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Validating Complex Agent Behavior Scott A. Wallace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behavior by Scott A. Wallace Chair: John E. Laird Developing software agents that replicate human behaviorValidating Complex Agent Behavior by Scott A. Wallace A dissertation submitted in partial) in The University of Michigan 2003 Doctoral Committee: Professor John E. Laird, Chair Associate Professor William P

Wallace, Scott

366

Sequence Assembly Validation by Restriction Digest Fingerprint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sequence Assembly Validation by Restriction Digest Fingerprint Comparison Eric C. Rouchka and David examines the use of restriction digest analysis as a method for testing the fidelity of sequence assembly. Restriction digest fingerprint matching is an established technology for high resolution physical map

Rouchka, Eric

367

ON RESPONSE CURVES OF BUBBLES THE OSCILLATIONS OF WHICH ARE DAMPED BY SOUND RADIATION Cramer, E. and Lauterborn, W.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-wall velocities beco- me comparable with the speed of sound in the liquid. The bubble model : a) Bubble. To understand (and perhaps utilize) the emission of noise in liquids irradiated by sound of high intensity+c)dt ; that is In this equation c = c(p) denotes the speed of sound in the liauid, and D/Dt = 3/9t + u3/3r is the material

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

368

Nonlinear excitation of second sound in quantum solutions He3-He4 due to light wave absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear excitation of second sound in superfluid solutions He3-He4 by light waves due to their absorption is discussed. Nonlinear wave equations that model the interaction of second-sound waves with light waves are derived, the expression for the nonlinear interaction length is obtained and an order-of-magnitude numerical estimate of the distance at which a second-sound wave could be amplified from a fluctuation level up to observable values is performed.

N. I. Pushkina

2007-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

369

Phase II Final Scientific/Technical Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Southwest Regional Partnership on Carbon Sequestration (SWP) one of seven regional partnerships sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (USDOE) carried out five field pilot tests in its Phase II Carbon Sequestration Demonstration effort, to validate the most promising sequestration technologies and infrastructure concepts, including three geologic pilot tests and two terrestrial pilot programs. This field testing demonstrated the efficacy of proposed sequestration technologies to reduce or offset greenhouse gas emissions in the region. Risk mitigation, optimization of monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) protocols, and effective outreach and communication were additional critical goals of these field validation tests. The program included geologic pilot tests located in Utah, New Mexico, Texas, and a region-wide terrestrial analysis. Each geologic sequestration test site was intended to include injection of a minimum of ~75,000 tons/year CO{sub 2}, with minimum injection duration of one year. These pilots represent medium- scale validation tests in sinks that host capacity for possible larger-scale sequestration operations in the future. These validation tests also demonstrated a broad variety of carbon sink targets and multiple value-added benefits, including testing of enhanced oil recovery and sequestration, enhanced coalbed methane production and a geologic sequestration test combined with a local terrestrial sequestration pilot. A regional terrestrial sequestration demonstration was also carried out, with a focus on improved terrestrial MVA methods and reporting approaches specific for the Southwest region.

Grigg, Reid; McPherson, Brian; Lee, Rober

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Phase Identification in Distribution Networks with Micro-Synchrophasors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper proposes a novel phase identification method for distribution networks where phases can be severely unbalanced and insufficiently labeled. The analysis approach draws on data from high-precision phasor measurement units (micro-synchrophasors or uPMUs) for distribution systems. A key fact is that time-series voltage phasors taken from a distribution network show specific patterns regarding connected phases at measurement points. The algorithm is based on analyzing crosscorrelations over voltage magnitudes along with phase angle differences on two candidate phases to be matched. If two measurement points are on the same phase, large positive voltage magnitude correlations and small voltage angle differences should be observed. The algorithm is initially validated using the IEEE 13-bus model, and subsequently with actual uPMU measurements on a 12-kV feeder.

Wen, Miles H F; von Meier, Alexandra; Poolla, Kameshwar; Li, Victor O K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Electrical resistivity structure of the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Basin, from marine controlled-source electromagnetic sounding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-source electromagnetic sounding Lucy MacGregor,1 Martin Sinha1 and Steven Constable2 1 School of Ocean and Earth Science

Constable, Steve

372

BIG BANG ACOUSTICS SOUND IN THE EARLY UNIVERSE Article for the Acoustical Society of America magazine: ECHOES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes all the associated sounds, can be found on my website at http://www.astro.virginia.edu/dmw8f

Whittle, Mark

373

Sound waves in strongly coupled non-conformal gauge theory plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gauge/string correspondence provides an efficient method to investigate gauge theories. In this talk we discuss the results of the paper (to appear) by P. Benincasa, A. Buchel and A. O. Starinets, where the propagation of sound waves is studied in a strongly coupled non-conformal gauge theory plasma. In particular, a prediction for the speed of sound as well as for the bulk viscosity is made for the N=2* gauge theory in the high temperature limit. As expected, the results achieved show a deviation from the speed of sound and the bulk viscosity for a conformal theory. It is pointed out that such results depend on the particular gauge theory considered.

Paolo Benincasa

2005-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

374

SOUND-SPEED INVERSION OF THE SUN USING A NONLOCAL STATISTICAL CONVECTION THEORY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Helioseismic inversions reveal a major discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and the standard solar model just below the base of the solar convection zone. We demonstrate that this discrepancy is caused by the inherent shortcomings of the local mixing-length theory adopted in the standard solar model. Using a self-consistent nonlocal convection theory, we construct an envelope model of the Sun for sound-speed inversion. Our solar model has a very smooth transition from the convective envelope to the radiative interior, and the convective energy flux changes sign crossing the boundaries of the convection zone. It shows evident improvement over the standard solar model, with a significant reduction in the discrepancy in sound speed between the Sun and local convection models.

Zhang Chunguang; Deng Licai [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China); Xiong Darun [Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China); Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jorgen, E-mail: cgzhang@nao.cas.cn [Stellar Astrophysics Centre, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Structural system identification: Structural dynamics model validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Structural system identification is concerned with the development of systematic procedures and tools for developing predictive analytical models based on a physical structure`s dynamic response characteristics. It is a multidisciplinary process that involves the ability (1) to define high fidelity physics-based analysis models, (2) to acquire accurate test-derived information for physical specimens using diagnostic experiments, (3) to validate the numerical simulation model by reconciling differences that inevitably exist between the analysis model and the experimental data, and (4) to quantify uncertainties in the final system models and subsequent numerical simulations. The goal of this project was to develop structural system identification techniques and software suitable for both research and production applications in code and model validation.

Red-Horse, J.R.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

GRIMHX verification and validation action matrix summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

WSRC-RP-90-026, Certification Plan for Reactor Analysis Computer Codes, describes a series of action items to be completed for certification of reactor analysis computer codes used in Technical Specifications development and for other safety and production support calculations. Validation and verification of the code is an integral part of this process. This document identifies the work performed and documentation generated to satisfy these action items for the Reactor Physics computer code GRIMHX. Each action item is discussed with the justification for its completion. Specific details of the work performed are not included in this document but are found in the references. The publication of this document signals the validation and verification effort for the GRIMHX code is completed.

Trumble, E.F.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

Myers, Daryl R. (NREL); Al-Abbadi,Naif (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite); Wilcox, Steve (NREL)

378

Validation of Hadronic Models in GEANT4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geant4 is a software toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. It has abundant hadronic models from thermal neutron interactions to ultra relativistic hadrons. An overview of validations in Geant4 hadronic physics is presented based on thin target measurements. In most cases, good agreement is available between Monte Carlo prediction and experimental data; however, several problems have been detected which require some improvement in the models.

Koi, Tatsumi; Wright, Dennis H.; /SLAC; Folger, Gunter; Ivanchenko, Vladimir; Kossov, Mikhail; Starkov, Nikolai; /CERN; Heikkinen, Aatos; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Truscott,; Lei, Fan; /QinetiQ; Wellisch, Hans-Peter

2007-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

379

PV array simulator development and validation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability to harvest all available energy from a photovoltaic (PV) array is essential if new system developments are to meet levelized cost of energy targets and achieve grid parity with conventional centralized utility power. Therefore, exercising maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithms, dynamic irradiance condition operation and startup and shutdown routines and evaluating inverter performance with various PV module fill-factor characteristics must be performed with a repeatable, reliable PV source. Sandia National Laboratories is collaborating with Ametek Programmable Power to develop and demonstrate a multi-port TerraSAS PV array simulator. The simulator will replicate challenging PV module profiles, enabling the evaluation of inverter performance through analyses of the parameters listed above. Energy harvest algorithms have traditionally implemented methods that successfully utilize available energy. However, the quantification of energy capture has always been difficult to conduct, specifically when characterizing the inverter performance under non-reproducible dynamic irradiance conditions. Theoretical models of the MPPT algorithms can simulate capture effectiveness, but full validation requires a DC source with representative field effects. The DC source being developed by Ametek and validated by Sandia is a fully integrated system that can simulate an IV curve from the Solar Advisor Model (SAM) module data base. The PV simulator allows the user to change the fill factor by programming the maximum power point voltage and current parameters and the open circuit voltage and short circuit current. The integrated PV simulator can incorporate captured irradiance and module temperature data files for playback, and scripted profiles can be generated to validate new emerging hardware embedded with existing and evolving MPPT algorithms. Since the simulator has multiple independent outputs, it also has the flexibility to evaluate an inverter with multiple MPPT DC inputs. The flexibility of the PV simulator enables the validation of the inverter's capability to handle vastly different array configurations.

Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Gonzalez, Sigifredo; Lucca, Roberto (Ametek Programmable Power, San Diego, CA); Deuel, Don (Ametek Programmable Power, San Diego, CA)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

An Approach for Validating Actinide and Fission Product Burnup Credit Criticality Safety Analyses--Criticality (keff) Predictions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most significant remaining challenges associated with expanded implementation of burnup credit in the United States is the validation of depletion and criticality calculations used in the safety evaluation - in particular, the availability and use of applicable measured data to support validation, especially for fission products. Applicants and regulatory reviewers have been constrained by both a scarcity of data and a lack of clear technical basis or approach for use of the data. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff have noted that the rationale for restricting their Interim Staff Guidance on burnup credit (ISG-8) to actinide-only is based largely on the lack of clear, definitive experiments that can be used to estimate the bias and uncertainty for computational analyses associated with using burnup credit. To address the issue of validation, the NRC initiated a project with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory to (1) develop and establish a technically sound validation approach (both depletion and criticality) for commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) criticality safety evaluations based on best-available data and methods and (2) apply the approach for representative SNF storage and transport configurations/conditions to demonstrate its usage and applicability, as well as to provide reference bias results. The purpose of this paper is to describe the criticality (k{sub eff}) validation approach, and resulting observations and recommendations. Validation of the isotopic composition (depletion) calculations is addressed in a companion paper at this conference. For criticality validation, the approach is to utilize (1) available laboratory critical experiment (LCE) data from the International Handbook of Evaluated Criticality Safety Benchmark Experiments and the French Haut Taux de Combustion (HTC) program to support validation of the principal actinides and (2) calculated sensitivities, nuclear data uncertainties, and the limited available fission product LCE data to predict and verify individual biases for relevant minor actinides and fission products. This paper (1) provides a detailed description of the approach and its technical bases, (2) describes the application of the approach for representative pressurized water reactor and boiling water reactor safety analysis models to demonstrate its usage and applicability, (3) provides reference bias results based on the prerelease SCALE 6.1 code package and ENDF/B-VII nuclear cross-section data, and (4) provides recommendations for application of the results and methods to other code and data packages.

Scaglione, John M [ORNL] [ORNL; Mueller, Don [ORNL] [ORNL; Wagner, John C [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Radiography Facility - Building 239 Independent Validation Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this task was to perform an Independent Validation Review to evaluate the successful implementation and effectiveness of Safety Basis controls, including new and revised controls, to support the implementation of a new DSA/TSR for B239. This task addresses Milestone 2 of FY10 PEP 7.6.6. As the first IVR ever conducted on a LLNL nuclear facility, it was designated a pilot project. The review follows the outline developed for Milestone 1 of the PEP, which is based on the DOE Draft Guide for Performance of Independent Verification Review of Safety Basis Controls. A formal Safety Basis procedure will be developed later, based on the lessons learned with this pilot project. Note, this review is termed a ''Validation'' in order to be consistent with the PEP definition and address issues historically raised about verification mechanisms at LLNL. Validation is intended to confirm that implementing mechanisms realistically establish the ability of TSR LCO, administrative control or safety management program to accomplish its intended safety function and that the controls are being implemented. This effort should not, however, be confused with a compliance assessment against all relevant DOE requirements and national standards. Nor is it used as a vehicle to question the derivation of controls already approved by LSO unless a given TSR statement simply cannot be implemented as stated.

Altenbach, T J; Beaulieu, R A; Watson, J F; Wong, H J

2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

382

An analysis of the relationship of heart sound time intervals to respiratory sinus arrhythmia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be close to the clinically significant left ventricular ejection time (LVET). These results were obtained in a laboratory setting. Recording heart sounds at the trachea was not easy. The heart sound signal was not very stable. In order for a useful... VALVE R - LEFT VENTRICLE Figure 1. Crossectional view of the heart showing the four chambers and the four valves. l20 X IOO E E 80 oI 60 In 40 Aornc volve opens PROTODIASTOLE EJECTION~ COIJTRACTION~ I, r Aortic valve closes r ISOMETRIC...

Schorsch, Eric Todd

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

A Hydrological Model of Harrington Sound, Bermuda and its Surrounding Cave Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Bermuda?s land mass is depicted in Fig. 1.2. The oldest limestone, the Walsingham formation, dates from the early Pleistocene and is found primarily in the isthmus separating Harrington Sound from Castle Harbour (Fig. 1.2). This is where most of Bermuda... of the island, the St. Georges system just below St. George on the north east side of the island, the Castle Harbour system located between Bermuda?s northern islands and its main island, and Harrington Sound, a inshore water body in east central Bermuda...

Stoffer, Jonathan L

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

384

Solar Energy Research Institute Validation Test House Site Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Validation Test House at the Solar Energy Research Institute in Golden, Colorado, is being used to collect performance data for analysis/design tool validation as part of the DOE Passive Solar Class A Performance Evaluation Program.

Burch, J.; Wortman, D.; Judkoff, R.; Hunn, B.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

V-193: Barracuda SSL VPN Input Validation Hole Permits Cross...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2.3.3.216 Addthis Related Articles U-252: Barracuda Web Filter Input Validation Flaws Permit Cross-Site Scripting Attacks U-144:Juniper Secure Access Input Validation Flaw Permits...

386

Validating the Melusine Gamma Spectroscopy Tool  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technical report describes testing to evaluate the gamma spectroscopy tool, Melusine, under development by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The goal was to verify that the software can successfully be used to provide accurate results and statistical uncertainties for the detection of isotopes of interest and their activities. Of special interest were spectra similar to those produced by radionuclide stations that contribute to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organizations International Monitoring System. Two data sets were used to test Melusines capabilities. The first was the result of a multi-lab calibration effort based on neutron activations produced at the University of California at Davis. The second was taken from the Proficiency Test Exercises conducted by the CTBTO directly in 2005. In 37 of 42 cases, Melusine produced results in agreement with the best answer presently available, in most cases with calculated uncertainties comparable to or better than competing analyses. In fact, Melusine technically provided one more result than CTBTOs PTE analyses that agreed with the book answer (Monte Carlo simulation). Despite these promising results, the Melusine software is still under development. Effort is especially needed to simplify its analysis process, improve stability, and provide user documentation. Some significant analysis tasks require further vetting, such as those to address summing effects. However, our test results indicate that Melusines calculations as presently implemented are sound and can be used to reliably analyze spectra from the CTBTOs radionuclide stations.

Erikson, Luke E.; Keillor, Martin E.; Stavenger, Timothy J.

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

387

Characteristics of sound propagation in shallow water over an elastic seabed with a thin cap-rock layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of sound propagation in shallow water over an elastic seabed with a thin cap over a lay- ered elastic seabed with a shear wave speed comparable to but lower than the water-column sound speed. A theoretical analysis and numerical modeling show that, in such environments, low attenua

388

Musicians' Enhanced Neural Differentiation of Speech Sounds Arises Early in Life: Developmental Evidence from Ages 3 to 30  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Musicians' Enhanced Neural Differentiation of Speech Sounds Arises Early in Life: Developmental; this training may generalize to speech processing given that adult musicians have enhanced neural-Muniz et al. 2012). We recently reported enhanced subcortical distinction of similar speech sounds (e

Kraus, Nina

389

Crickets produce sound as their forewings (tegmina) close and specialized structures (the file teeth and the plectrum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

expect that natural selection should favour mechanisms that efficiently convert energy stores into sound.01550 We here report the first simultaneous measurement of metabolic cost of calling, acoustic power in the sand that forms the burrow's walls. Damping is therefore an important cause of the low sound production

Prestwich, Ken

390

Propagation of transverse zero sound in He3and of spin waves in He3-He II solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Propagation of transverse zero sound in He3and of spin waves in He3-He II solutions E. P. Bashkin absorption may dominate if the wave propagation velocity is close to the Fermi value. It is shown that the propagation of transverse zero sound in He3 is possible even if the wave velocity is somewhat smaller than

Meyerovich, Alex

391

CFD-DEM modelling of two-phase pneumatic conveying with experimental validation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A wide range of industrial processes involve multiphase granular flows. These include catalytic reactions in fluidized beds, the pneumatic conveying of raw materials and gas-particle separators. Due to the complex nature ...

Ebrahimi, Mohammadreza

2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

392

A validation of the Radiance three-phase simulation method for modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) or 39% of total US primary energy consumption in 2005. The three largest uses of energy in buildings Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division Building Technology and Urban Technologies Program, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

393

Electric Vehicle Communications Standards Testing and Validation - Phase II: SAE J2931/1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vehicle to grid communication standards enable interoperability among vehicles, charging stations and utility providers and provide the capability to implement charge management. Several standards initiatives by the Society of Automobile Engineers (SAE), International Standards Organization and International Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC), and ZigBee/HomePlug Alliance are developing requirements for communication messages and protocols. Recent work by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in collaboration with SAE and automobile manufacturers has identified vehicle to grid communication performance requirements and developed a test plan as part of SAE J2931/1 committee work. This laboratory test plan was approved by the SAE J2931/1 committee and included test configurations, test methods, and performance requirements to verify reliability, robustness, repeatability, maximum communication distance, and authentication features of power line carrier (PLC) communication modules at the internet protocol layer level. The goal of the testing effort was to select a communication technology that would enable automobile manufacturers to begin the development and implementation process. The EPRI/Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) testing teams divided the testing so that results for each test could be presented by two teams, performing the tests independently. The PNNL team performed narrowband PLC testing including the Texas Instruments (TI) Concerto, Ariane Controls AC-CPM1, and the MAXIM Tahoe 2 evaluation boards. The scope of testing was limited to measuring the vendor systems communication performance between Electric Vehicle Support Equipment (EVSE) and plug-in electric vehicles (PEV). The testing scope did not address PEVs CAN bus to PLC or PLC to EVSE (Wi-Fi, cellular, PLC Mains, etc.) communication integration. In particular, no evaluation was performed to delineate the effort needed to translate the IPv6/SEP2.0 messages to PEVs CAN bus. The J2931/1 laboratory test results were presented to the SAE membership on March 20-22, 2012. The SAE committee decided to select HomePlug GreenPHY (HPGP) as the communication technology to use between the PEV and EVSE. No technology completely met all performance requirements. Both the MAXIM Tahoe 2 and TI Concerto met the 100Kbps throughput requirement, are estimated to meet the latency measurement performance, and met the control pilot impairment requirements. But HPGP demonstrated the potential to provide a data throughput rate of 10x of the requirement and either met or showed the potential to meet the other requirements with further development.

Pratt, Richard M.; Gowri, Krishnan

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Electric Vehicle Communication Standards Testing and Validation Phase I: SAE J2847/1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Executive Summary Vehicle to grid communication standards are critical to the charge management and interoperability among vehicles, charging stations and utility providers. Several standards initiatives by the Society of Automobile Engineers (SAE), International Standards Organization and International Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC), and ZigBee / HomePlug Alliance are developing requirements for communication messages and protocols. While the standard development is in progress for more than two years, no definitive guidelines are available for the automobile manufacturers, charging station manufacturers and utility backhaul network systems. At present, there is a wide range of proprietary communication options developed and supported in the industry. Recent work by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) in collaboration with SAE and automobile manufacturers has identified performance requirements and test plan based on possible communication pathways using power line communication over the control pilot and mains. Though the communication pathways and power line communication technology options are identified, much work needs to be done in developing application software and testing of communication modules before these can be deployed in production vehicles. This report presents a test plan and results from initial testing of two power line communication modules developed to meet the requirements of SAE J2847/1 standard.

Pratt, Richard M.; Tuffner, Francis K.; Gowri, Krishnan

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

395

Development and Validation of a Two-phase, Three-dimensional Model for PEM  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent Companya new high capacityofTechnology | MarchforFuel

396

CATEGORICAL PERCEPTION DEFICIT AND DYSLEXIA 1 Discrimination of speech sounds by children with dyslexia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CATEGORICAL PERCEPTION DEFICIT AND DYSLEXIA 1 Discrimination of speech sounds by children with dyslexia: Comparisons with chronological age and reading level controls. Bogliotti, C1 ., Serniclaes, W2 and dyslexia hal-00733532,version2-24Sep2012 Author manuscript, published in "Journal of Experimental Child

Boyer, Edmond

397

CATEGORICAL PERCEPTION DEFICIT AND DYSLEXIA 1 Discrimination of speech sounds by children with dyslexia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CATEGORICAL PERCEPTION DEFICIT AND DYSLEXIA 1 Discrimination of speech sounds by children with dyslexia: Comparisons with chronological age and reading level controls. Bogliotti, C1 ., Serniclaes, W2 and dyslexia #12;CATEGORICAL PERCEPTION DEFICIT AND DYSLEXIA 2 ABSTRACT Previous studies have shown

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

398

Liu UCD Phy9B 07 1 Ch 16. Sound & Hearing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Audible range: 20Hz - 20,000Hz Ultrasonic: f > 20,000 Hz, Sonar NOT Supersonic (speed > sound speed/s Please read text on your own. Faster in solids than in liquids and gases #12;Liu UCD Phy9B 07 5 16

Yoo, S. J. Ben

399

The Self-Organization of Speech Sounds Pierre-Yves Oudeyer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Self-Organization of Speech Sounds Pierre-Yves Oudeyer Sony CSL Paris, 6, rue Amyot, 75005­449 Email address: py@csl.sony.fr (Pierre-Yves Oudeyer). URL: www.csl.sony.fr/py (Pierre-Yves Oudeyer). #12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

400

Influences of offshore environmental conditions on wind shear profile parameters in Nantucket Sound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influences of offshore environmental conditions on wind shear profile parameters in Nantucket Sound@ecs.umass.edu ABSTRACT Simultaneous wind resource and oceanographic data are available from an offshore monitoring tower how oceanographic data can be used to aid offshore wind resource assessment evaluations. This study

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A New Coherent Radar for Ice Sounding in Greenland A. Moussessian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Coherent Radar for Ice Sounding in Greenland A. Moussessian 1 , R.L. Jordan 1 , E. Rodriguez of this radar on board a P-3 aircraft took place in May of 1999 over Greenland with successful results blanking. The first deployment of this radar took place in May of 1999 in Greenland. During this deployment

Kansas, University of

402

Radar Sounding of Glaciers in Greenland C. Allen, B, Wohletz, and S, Gogineni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radar Sounding of Glaciers in Greenland C. Allen, B, Wohletz, and S, Gogineni The University on several flights over Greenland glaciers during the summer of 1995. The radar data were collected the theory and present results of the homomorphic deconvolution procedure. INTRODUCTION The Greenland

Kansas, University of

403

Concepts for Wind Turbine Sound Mitigation Page 1 of 16 AWEA Windpower 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

influenced by turbine operational parameters such as rotational speed and blade pitch angle as well as wind turbine source noise mitigation techniques as well as how these technologies and turbine operation canConcepts for Wind Turbine Sound Mitigation Page 1 of 16 AWEA Windpower 2013 Chicago, IL May 6

McCalley, James D.

404

Sound pressure and particle acceleration audiograms in three marine fish species from the Adriatic Sea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

umbra using the non-invasive auditory evoked potential-recording technique. Hearing thresholds were and 600 Hz, respectively. The low auditory thresholds and the large hearing bandwidth of S. umbra indicate that sound pressure may play a role in S. umbra's hearing, even though pronounced connections between

Ladich, Friedrich

405

DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETECTION OF IMPULSE-LIKE AIRBORNE SOUND FOR DAMAGE IDENTIFICATION IN ROTOR BLADES OF WIND TURBINES burdens of wind turbines. To detect damage of rotor blades, several research projects focus on an acoustic, rotor blade, wind turbine INTRODUCTION There are several publications of non destructive damage

Boyer, Edmond

406

Sound transmission through a periodic cascade with application to drill pipes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound transmission through a periodic cascade with application to drill pipes Niels J. C. Lous Acoustical data transmission through the wall of drill pipes is considered. Drill pipes are known to behave the frequency domain drill pipe models presented by Barnes and Kirkwood J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 51, 1606­1608 1972

Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

407

Perception and Synthesis of Sound-Generating Bruno L. Giordano and Federico Avanzini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-haptic contexts (see Chap.2 for visual-haptic contexts). Studies in ecological perception are the starting pointChapter 4 Perception and Synthesis of Sound-Generating Materials Bruno L. Giordano and Federico of objects and events in the environment, it is thus not surpris- ing that source-perception abilities

Avanzini, Federico

408

Design of Electric or Hybrid vehicle alert sound system for pedestrian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Design of Electric or Hybrid vehicle alert sound system for pedestrian J.-C. Chamard and V, France 1691 #12;The arrival of fully or hybrid electric vehicles raised safety problems respect the environment to warn of his approach. However, hybrid and electric vehicles can potentially be dangerous

Boyer, Edmond

409

The Sound of One Eye Clapping: Tapping an Accurate Rhythm With Eye Movements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sound of One Eye Clapping: Tapping an Accurate Rhythm With Eye Movements Anthony J. Hornof USA As eye-controlled interfaces becomes increasingly viable, there is a need to better understand fundamental human-machine interaction capabilities between a human and a computer via an eye tracking device

Hornof, Anthony

410

The Sound of One Eye Clapping: Tapping an Accurate Rhythm With Eye Movements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sound of One Eye Clapping: Tapping an Accurate Rhythm With Eye Movements Anthony J. Hornof, kvessey}@cs.uoregon.edu ABSTRACT As eye-controlled interfaces becomes increasingly viable, there is a need an eye tracking device. Prior research has explored the maximum rate of input from a human to a computer

Hornof, Anthony

411

Journal of Sound and Vibration (1997) 202(2), 203218 SEMI-ACTIVE CONTROL OF FRICTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Sound and Vibration (1997) 202(2), 203­218 SEMI-ACTIVE CONTROL OF FRICTION DAMPERS P, U.S.A. (Received 22 January 1996, and in final form 21 October 1996) Semi-active control of friction dampers has been proposed to improve the energy dissipation characteristics of passive friction dampers

Dupont, Pierre

412

Sound Synthesis and Musical Composition by Physical Modelling of Self-Sustained Oscillating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound Synthesis and Musical Composition by Physical Modelling of Self-Sustained Oscillating environment GENESIS on self-sustained oscillating structures models. Based on the mass-interaction CORDIS the analysis of real self-sustained instruments like bowed strings or woodwinds, our aim is to develop generic

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

413

Mining Massive Archives of Mice Sounds with Symbolized Representations Jesin Zakaria1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mining Massive Archives of Mice Sounds with Symbolized Representations Jesin Zakaria1 Sarah that the time is ripe for archives of mice songs to fall into the purview of data mining. We show a novel technique for mining mice vocalizations directly in the visual (spectrogram) space that practitioners

Zordan, Victor

414

eVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as hybrid and electric vehicles, to pedestrians has become an important issue for public policy [1], car a localization paradigm to test the detectability of hybrid and internal combustion cars by measuring listenereVADER: A Perceptual Approach to Finding Minimum Warning Sound Requirements for Quiet Cars. Ryan

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

415

SOLAR-CYCLE VARIATION OF SOUND SPEED NEAR THE SOLAR SURFACE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present evidence that the sound-speed variation with solar activity has a two-layer configuration, similar to the one observed below an active region, which consists of a negative layer near the solar surface and a positive one in the layer immediately below the first one. Frequency differences between the activity minimum and maximum of solar cycle 23, obtained applying global helioseismology to the Michelson Doppler Imager on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, is used to determine the sound-speed variation from below the base of the convection zone to a few Mm below the solar surface. We find that the sound speed at solar maximum is smaller than at solar minimum at the limit of our determination (5.5 Mm). The min-to-max difference decreases in absolute values until {approx}7 Mm. At larger depths, the sound speed at solar maximum is larger than at solar minimum and the difference increases with depth until {approx}10 Mm. At this depth, the relative difference ({delta}c{sup 2}/c{sup 2}) is less than half of the value observed at the lowest depth determination. At deeper layers, it slowly decreases with depth until there is no difference between maximum and minimum activity.

Rabello-Soares, M. C., E-mail: cristina@sun.stanford.edu [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Uncertainties in using the hodograph method to retrieve gravity wave characteristics from individual soundings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainties in using the hodograph method to retrieve gravity wave characteristics from individual soundings Fuqing Zhang and Shuguang Wang Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Texas A&M University] The hodograph method is commonly used to retrieve inertio-gravity wave characteristics from individual vertical

Plougonven, Riwal

417

Determining both sound speed and internal source in thermo- and photo-acoustic tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper concerns thermoacoustic tomography and photoacoustic tomography, two couple-physics imaging modalities that attempt to combine the high resolution of ultrasound and the high contrast capabilities of electromagnetic waves. We give sufficient conditions to recover both the sound speed of the medium being probed and the source.

Hongyu Liu; Gunther Uhlmann

2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

418

Sound reception and radiation in a small insect , F. Montealgre-Za  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Bristol, BS8 1UG Bristol, UK b Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, 560012 a house cat. Most other insects are even smaller and many insects that communicate using sound (crickets determining communication wavelength seem to be ecological and physiological. Longer wavelengths transmit

Boyer, Edmond

419

Sound production during courtship and spawning of Oreochromis mossambicus: malefemale and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­male interactions M. C. P. AMORIM*, P. J. FONSECA AND V. C. ALMADA* *Unidade de Investigac¸a~o em Eco-etologia. I. Only territorial males produced sounds, during male­female and male­male court- ship interactions

420

Indirect Combustion Noise: Experimental Investigation of the Vortex Sound Generation in a Choked  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indirect Combustion Noise: Experimental Investigation of the Vortex Sound Generation in a Choked-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 2315 #12;Combustion noise in gas turbines consists of direct noise related to the unsteady combustion process itself and indirect noise. As known, indirect noise is produced when entropy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Geometry Effects on Sound in Porous Media A. Cortis and D. M. J. Smeulders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of cylinders, the characteristic parameters are presented. The full microscopic dynamic flow and heat problems-filled sound absorbing materials, the fre- quency dependence of the compressibility varies from isothermal at low frequencies to adiabatic in the high-frequency regime. Similarly, the fre- quency dependence

Guermond, Jean-Luc

422

Continuous assessment of the unpleasantness of a sound short title: continuous assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geissner , Etienne Parizet Laboratoire Vibrations Acoustique, INSA de Lyon, 25 bis avenue Jean Capelle created by mixing stationary low-frequency random noise and twelve events of shorter duration (1 s to 11 s of the unpleasantness of the three sounds and the background noise used to synthesize the whole stimuli. The comparison

Boyer, Edmond

423

1. Puget Sound Rivers and Salmon Recovery David R. Montgomery, Derek B. Booth, and Susan Bolton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and stream restoration into a single volume. Largely drawn from presentations at the conference, the chapters A symposium on Restoration of Puget Sound Rivers at the spring 2000 meeting of the Society for Ecological Restoration's Northwest chapter pre- sented an opportunity to synthesize regional expertise on river

Montgomery, David R.

424

Hair cell regeneration: winging our way towards a sound future Olivia Bermingham-McDonogh  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hair cell regeneration: winging our way towards a sound future Olivia Bermingham-McDonogh and Edwin W Rubely The discovery of hair cell regeneration in the inner ear of birds provides new optimism that there may be a treatment for hearing and balance disorders. In this review we describe the process of hair

Rubel, Edwin

425

Adaptive Reduction of Additive Noise From Sleep Breathing Sounds Tech Report: CSLU-2012-001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a sound classification sys- tem. Air conditioners and furnaces are typical sources of this type of noise in a home environment. During the course of a single night, an air conditioner or furnace may turn to sudden changes in the background noise (e. g. an air conditioner turning on), as well as overall

Kain, Alexander

426

Integrated performance validation facility for KNICS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the application of new digital control and monitoring systems in nuclear power plants (NPPs), it is required to satisfy the proven technology requirements. They should have at least three years of documented, satisfactory service as modules of subsystems in power plant applications similar to that of NPP, or it should have three years of documented, satisfactory service in other plant applications which are similar to the use in NPP (EPRI-URD's first option). However, tlte digital control and monitoring systems developed by Korea Nuclear Instrumentation A Control System (KNICS) R and D Center, due to the nature of the firstly developed system, have had no prior application in any NPPs as well as industrial and fossil power plants. Therefore, well defined program using 'Integrated Performance Validation Facility (IPVF) 'for prototype testing has been prepared to verify their performance, operability and reliability according to EPRI-URD's second option: It has satisfactorily completed a defined program of prototype testing which has been designed to verify its performance. The IPVF for KNICS is being designed to justify that new control systems are proven to meet utility's requirements. The IPVF comprises Virtual Operating Crew (VOC) and Test Commander (TC). Human System Interface (HIS). Evaluation System, and Simulator and Interface System. PLC and DCS developed by KNICS are connected with IPVF. Control logics and HIS of real NPP are implemented in the KNICS PLC and DCS, which are the validation object. Finally. IPVF will be extremely valuable for other activities in addition to the validation of the new control system equipment, including the testing and evaluation of plant control algorithms, personnel training, and support for long-term maintenance of the control systems. (authors)

Kim, D. G.; Choi, J. J.; Choi, M. J.; Choe, I. N. [I and C Engineering Dept., Korea Power Engineering Company, 360-9, Mabuk-Dong, Yongin-Si. Gyeonggi-Do. 446-713 (Korea, Republic of); Gong, Y. H.; Kim, K. H. [KNICS R and D Center, 28-1, Seongju-Dong, Changwon-Si. 641-120 (Korea, Republic of)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

On the Practicality of Abductive Validation Tim Menzies 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the Practicality of Abductive Validation Tim Menzies 1 Abstract. An abductive framework is described for validating the- ories using a library of known or desired behaviour. Abduction is known. The computational limits of the framework is therefore explored. We find that abductive validation is a practical

Menzies, Tim

428

Validating Computer-Designed Proteins for Vaccines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II FieldVacancy-Induced NanoscaleValidating Computer-Designed

429

Validating Computer-Designed Proteins for Vaccines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500II FieldVacancy-Induced NanoscaleValidating

430

Validating Computer-Designed Proteins for Vaccines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlongUpdates byUserUtility-ScaleValidating

431

Formulation, Implementation and Validation of a Two-Fluid model in a Fuel Cell CFD Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water management is one of the main challenges in PEM Fuel Cells. While water is essential for membrane electrical conductivity, excess liquid water leads to ooding of catalyst layers. Despite the fact that accurate prediction of two-phase transport is key for optimal water management, understanding of the two-phase transport in fuel cells is relatively poor. Wang et. al. [1], [2] have studied the two-phase transport in the channel and diffusion layer separately using a multiphase mixture model. The model fails to accurately predict saturation values for high humidity inlet streams. Nguyen et. al. [3] developed a two-dimensional, two-phase, isothermal, isobaric, steady state model of the catalyst and gas diffusion layers. The model neglects any liquid in the channel. Djilali et. al. [4] developed a three-dimensional two-phase multicomponent model. The model is an improvement over previous models, but neglects drag between the liquid and the gas phases in the channel. In this work, we present a comprehensive two- fluid model relevant to fuel cells. Models for two-phase transport through Channel, Gas Diffusion Layer (GDL) and Channel-GDL interface, are discussed. In the channel, the gas and liquid pressures are assumed to be same. The surface tension effects in the channel are incorporated using the continuum surface force (CSF) model. The force at the surface is expressed as a volumetric body force and added as a source to the momentum equation. In the GDL, the gas and liquid are assumed to be at different pressures. The difference in the pressures (capillary pressure) is calculated using an empirical correlations. At the Channel-GDL interface, the wall adhesion affects need to be taken into account. SIMPLE-type methods recast the continuity equation into a pressure-correction equation, the solution of which then provides corrections for velocities and pressures. However, in the two-fluid model, the presence of two phasic continuity equations gives more freedom and more complications. A general approach would be to form a mixture continuity equation by linearly combining the phasic continuity equations using appropriate weighting factors. Analogous to mixture equation for pressure correction, a difference equation is used for the volume/phase fraction by taking the difference between the phasic continuity equations. The relative advantages of the above mentioned algorithmic variants for computing pressure correction and volume fractions are discussed and quantitatively assessed. Preliminary model validation is done for each component of the fuel cell. The two-phase transport in the channel is validated using empirical correlations. Transport in the GDL is validated against results obtained from LBM and VOF simulation techniques. The Channel-GDL interface transport will be validated against experiment and empirical correlation of droplet detachment at the interface. References [1] Y. Wang S. Basu and C.Y. Wang. Modeling two-phase flow in pem fuel cell channels. J. Power Sources, 179:603{617, 2008. [2] P. K. Sinha and C. Y. Wang. Liquid water transport in a mixed-wet gas diffusion layer of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell. Chem. Eng. Sci., 63:1081-1091, 2008. [3] Guangyu Lin and Trung Van Nguyen. A two-dimensional two-phase model of a pem fuel cell. J. Electrochem. Soc., 153(2):A372{A382, 2006. [4] T. Berning and N. Djilali. A 3d, multiphase, multicomponent model of the cathode and anode of a pem fuel cell. J. Electrochem. Soc., 150(12):A1589{A1598, 2003.

Kunal Jain, Vernon Cole, Sanjiv Kumar and N. Vaidya

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

HYPERSONIC INVESTIGATION OF THE A -T y p E PHASE TRANSITION IN AMMONIUM-CHLORIDE M. GROSS -D. GERLICH -and S. SZAPIRO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYPERSONIC INVESTIGATION OF THE A - T y p E PHASE TRANSITION IN AMMONIUM-CHLORIDE M. GROSS - D method.The hypersonic sound velocities and elastic constants have been measured in the immediate vicinity measurements. The difference between the present hypersonic measurement and previous ultrasonic results

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

433

Tidal Residual Eddies and their Effect on Water Exchange in Puget Sound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tidal residual eddies are one of the important hydrodynamic features in tidally dominant estuaries and coastal bays, and they could have significant effects on water exchange in a tidal system. This paper presents a modeling study of tides and tidal residual eddies in Puget Sound, a tidally dominant fjord-like estuary in the Pacific Northwest coast, using a three-dimensional finite-volume coastal ocean model. Mechanisms of vorticity generation and asymmetric distribution patterns around an island/headland were analyzed using the dynamic vorticity transfer approach and numerical experiments. Model results of Puget Sound show that a number of large twin tidal residual eddies exist in the Admiralty Inlet because of the presence of major headlands in the inlet. Simulated residual vorticities near the major headlands indicate that the clockwise tidal residual eddy (negative vorticity) is generally stronger than the anticlockwise eddy (positive vorticity) because of the effect of Coriolis force. The effect of tidal residual eddies on water exchange in Puget Sound and its sub-basins were evaluated by simulations of dye transport. It was found that the strong transverse variability of residual currents in the Admiralty Inlet results in a dominant seaward transport along the eastern shore and a dominant landward transport along the western shore of the Inlet. A similar transport pattern in Hood Canal is caused by the presence of tidal residual eddies near the entrance of the canal. Model results show that tidal residual currents in Whidbey Basin are small in comparison to other sub-basins. A large clockwise residual circulation is formed around Vashon Island near entrance of South Sound, which can potentially constrain the water exchange between the Central Basin and South Sound.

Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping

2013-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

434

CASL Validation Data: An Initial Review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study aims to establish a comprehensive view of data needed for supporting implementation of the Consortium of Advanced Simulation of LWRs (CASL). Insights from this review (and its continual refinement), together with other elements developed in CASL, should provide the foundation for developing the CASL Validation Data Plan (VDP). VDP is instrumental to the development and assessment of CASL simulation tools as predictive capability. Most importantly, to be useful for CASL, the VDP must be devised (and agreed upon by all participating stakeholders) with appropriate account for nature of nuclear engineering applications, the availability, types and quality of CASL-related data, and novelty of CASL goals and its approach to the selected challenge problems. The initial review (summarized on the January 2011 report version) discusses a broad range of methodological issues in data review and Validation Data Plan. Such a top-down emphasis in data review is both needed to see a big picture on CASL data and appropriate when the actual data are not available for detailed scrutiny. As the data become available later in 2011, a revision of data review (and regular update) should be performed. It is expected that the basic framework for review laid out in this report will help streamline the CASL data review in a way that most pertinent to CASL VDP.

Nam Dinh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Validation of Texas beef jerky processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

did not provide the adequate level of initial inoculation levels to support the required 6.5 log reduction stated in 9 CFR 318.7. Inoculation levels were lower than 6.5 logs for all three treatments in both phases, resulting in lower levels of overall...

Espitia, Felicia Danielle

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

436

Preliminary Phase Field Computational Model Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This interim report presents progress towards the development of meso-scale models of magnetic behavior that incorporate microstructural information. Modeling magnetic signatures in irradiated materials with complex microstructures (such as structural steels) is a significant challenge. The complexity is addressed incrementally, using the monocrystalline Fe (i.e., ferrite) film as model systems to develop and validate initial models, followed by polycrystalline Fe films, and by more complicated and representative alloys. In addition, the modeling incrementally addresses inclusion of other major phases (e.g., martensite, austenite), minor magnetic phases (e.g., carbides, FeCr precipitates), and minor nonmagnetic phases (e.g., Cu precipitates, voids). The focus of the magnetic modeling is on phase-field models. The models are based on the numerical solution to the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation. From the computational standpoint, phase-field modeling allows the simulation of large enough systems that relevant defect structures and their effects on functional properties like magnetism can be simulated. To date, two phase-field models have been generated in support of this work. First, a bulk iron model with periodic boundary conditions was generated as a proof-of-concept to investigate major loop effects of single versus polycrystalline bulk iron and effects of single non-magnetic defects. More recently, to support the experimental program herein using iron thin films, a new model was generated that uses finite boundary conditions representing surfaces and edges. This model has provided key insights into the domain structures observed in magnetic force microscopy (MFM) measurements. Simulation results for single crystal thin-film iron indicate the feasibility of the model for determining magnetic domain wall thickness and mobility in an externally applied field. Because the phase-field model dimensions are limited relative to the size of most specimens used in experiments, special experimental methods were devised to create similar boundary conditions in the iron films. Preliminary MFM studies conducted on single and polycrystalline iron films with small sub-areas created with focused ion beam have correlated quite well qualitatively with phase-field simulations. However, phase-field model dimensions are still small relative to experiments thus far. We are in the process of increasing the size of the models and decreasing specimen size so both have identical dimensions. Ongoing research is focused on validation of the phase-field model. Validation is being accomplished through comparison with experimentally obtained MFM images (in progress), and planned measurements of major hysteresis loops and first order reversal curves. Extrapolation of simulation sizes to represent a more stochastic bulk-like system will require sampling of various simulations (i.e., with single non-magnetic defect, single magnetic defect, single grain boundary, single dislocation, etc.) with distributions of input parameters. These outputs can then be compared to laboratory magnetic measurements and ultimately to simulate magnetic Barkhausen noise signals.

Li, Yulan; Hu, Shenyang Y.; Xu, Ke; Suter, Jonathan D.; McCloy, John S.; Johnson, Bradley R.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A MULTIFIELD MODEL OF CHURN-TURBULENT GAS/LIQUID FLOWS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The accuracy of numerical predictions for gas/liquid two-phase flows using Computational Multiphase Fluid Dynamics (CMFD) methods strongly depends on the formulation of models governing the interaction between the continuous liquid field and bubbles of different sizes. The purpose of this paper is to develop, test and validate a multifield model of adiabatic gas/liquid flows at intermediate gas concentrations (e.g., churn-turbulent flow regime), in which multiple-size bubbles are divided into a specified number of groups, each representing a prescribed range of sizes. The proposed modeling concept uses transport equations for the continuous liquid field and for each bubble field. The overall model has been implemented in the NPHASE-CMFD computer code. The results of NPHASE-CMFD simulations have been validated against the experimental data from the TOPFLOW test facility. Also, a parametric analysis on the effect of various modeling assumptions has been performed.

Elena A. Tselishcheva; Steven P. Antal; Michael Z. Podowski; Donna Post Guillen

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 23, NO. 17, PAGES 2275-2278, AUGUST 15, 1996 SeafloorMagnetotelluricSoundingAboveAxial Seamount  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MagnetotelluricSoundingAboveAxial Seamount Graham Heinson Schoolof EarthSciences,FlindersUniversity,BedfordPark,Australia Steven Constable

Constable, Steve

439

Use of an Accurate DNS Particulate Flow Method to Supply and Validate Boundary Conditions for the MFIX Code  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The simulation of particulate flows for industrial applications often requires the use of two-fluid models, where the solid particles are considered as a separate continuous phase. One of the underlining uncertainties in the use of the two-fluid models in multiphase computations comes from the boundary condition of the solid phase. Typically, the gas or liquid fluid boundary condition at a solid wall is the so called no-slip condition, which has been widely accepted to be valid for single-phase fluid dynamics provided that the Knudsen number is low. However, the boundary condition for the solid phase is not well understood. The no-slip condition at a solid boundary is not a valid assumption for the solid phase. Instead, several researchers advocate a slip condition as a more appropriate boundary condition. However, the question on the selection of an exact slip length or a slip velocity coefficient is still unanswered. Experimental or numerical simulation data are needed in order to determinate the slip boundary condition that is applicable to a two-fluid model. The goal of this project is to improve the performance and accuracy of the boundary conditions used in two-fluid models such as the MFIX code, which is frequently used in multiphase flow simulations. The specific objectives of the project are to use first principles embedded in a validated Direct Numerical Simulation particulate flow numerical program, which uses the Immersed Boundary method (DNS-IB) and the Direct Forcing scheme in order to establish, modify and validate needed energy and momentum boundary conditions for the MFIX code. To achieve these objectives, we have developed a highly efficient DNS code and conducted numerical simulations to investigate the particle-wall and particle-particle interactions in particulate flows. Most of our research findings have been reported in major conferences and archived journals, which are listed in Section 7 of this report. In this report, we will present a brief description of these results.

Zhi-Gang Feng

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

Gymnastics in Phase Space  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As accelerator technology advances, the requirements on accelerator beam quality become increasingly demanding. Facing these new demands, the topic of phase space gymnastics is becoming a new focus of accelerator physics R&D. In a phase space gymnastics, the beam's phase space distribution is manipulated and precision tailored to meet the required beam qualities. On the other hand, all realization of such gymnastics will have to obey accelerator physics principles as well as technological limitations. Recent examples of phase space gymnastics include Emittance exchanges, Phase space exchanges, Emittance partitioning, Seeded FELs and Microbunched beams. The emittance related topics of this list are reviewed in this report. The accelerator physics basis, the optics design principles that provide these phase space manipulations, and the possible applications of these gymnastics, are discussed. This fascinating new field promises to be a powerful tool of the future.

Chao, Alexander Wu; /SLAC

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Stabilising the Blue Phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an investigation of the phase diagram of cholesteric liquid crystals within the framework of Landau - de Gennes theory. The free energy is modified to incorporate all three Frank elastic constants and to allow for a temperature dependent pitch in the cholesteric phase. It is found that the region of stability of the cubic blue phases depends significantly on the value of the elastic constants, being reduced when the bend elastic constant is larger than splay and when twist is smaller than the other two. Most dramatically we find a large increase in the region of stability of blue phase I, and a qualitative change in the phase diagram, in a system where the cholesteric phase displays helix inversion.

G. P. Alexander; J. M. Yeomans

2006-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

442

Care Net of Puget Sound is a Christ-centered ministry. We provide life-affirming support to anyone who finds themselves in an unplanned pregnancy, hurting from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Care Net of Puget Sound is a Christ-centered ministry. We provide life-affirming support to anyone counties, as well as through our various programs. Care Net of Puget Sound is a volunteer-led ministry support directly to women in need. Care Net of Puget Sound receives no federal or state funding

Borenstein, Elhanan

443

Casati Dokic Philosophy of Sound (1994) Chapter 3 1/ 15 To quote this text: R.Casati, J. Dokic, 1994, La  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Casati Dokic Philosophy of Sound (1994) Chapter 3 1/ 15 To quote this text: R.Casati, J. Dokic, 1994, La philosophie du son. Nîmes: Jacqueline Chambon. English translation 2009. 3. SOUND AND EVENTS The philosophical analysis of sound comes up against general problems of metaphysics, epistemology and philosophy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

444

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SPEECH AND AUDIO PROCESSING, VOL. 9, NO. 6, SEPTEMBER 2001 697 Reproduction of a Plane-Wave Sound Field Using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a Plane-Wave Sound Field Using an Array of Loudspeakers Darren B. Ward, Member, IEEE, and Thushara D on how well an array of loudspeakers can recreate a three-dimen- sional (3-D) plane-wave sound field problem of reproducing a plane-wave sound field in free space.1 Specifically, we develop a rela- tionship

Abhayapala, Thushara D.

445

Sound insulation in buildings: linking theory and University of Liverpool, School of Architecture, Abercromby Square, L69 7ZN Liverpool, UK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sound insulation in buildings: linking theory and practice C. Hopkins University of Liverpool at the design stage. As the sound insulation in-situ is determined by both direct and flanking transmission. With increasing emphasis on the importance of sound insulation at low-frequencies, indications are given on how

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

446

Crystal phase identification  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for determining the crystalline phase and crystalline characteristics of a sample. This invention provides a method and apparatus for unambiguously identifying and determining the crystalline phase and crystalline characteristics of a sample by using an electron beam generator, such as a scanning electron microscope, to obtain a backscattered electron Kikuchi pattern of a sample, and extracting crystallographic and composition data that is matched to database information to provide a quick and automatic method to identify crystalline phases.

Michael, Joseph R. (Albuquerque, NM); Goehner, Raymond P. (Albuquerque, NM); Schlienger, Max E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Phase 1 -- 4  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Requirements" " " "Phase Two - Initial Project Development" "Replace Std Task 2-1","DO RFP Development - On Site Consultation","FEMP Services will provide technical consultation...

448

Degenerate Metric Phase Boundaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The structure of boundaries between degenerate and nondegenerate solutions of Ashtekar's canonical reformulation of Einstein's equations is studied. Several examples are given of such "phase boundaries" in which the metric is degenerate on one side of a null hypersurface and non-degenerate on the other side. These include portions of flat space, Schwarzschild, and plane wave solutions joined to degenerate regions. In the last case, the wave collides with a planar phase boundary and continues on with the same curvature but degenerate triad, while the phase boundary continues in the opposite direction. We conjecture that degenerate phase boundaries are always null.

Ingemar Bengtsson; Ted Jacobson

1999-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

449

Flexoelectric blue phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the occurence and properties of liquid crystal phases showing two dimensional splay and bend distortions which are stabilised by flexoelectric interactions. These phases are characterised by regions of locally double splayed order separated by topological defects and are thus highly analogous to the blue phases of cholesteric liquid crystals. We present a mean field analysis based upon the Landau--de Gennes Q-tensor theory and construct a phase diagram for flexoelectric structures using analytic and numerical results. We stress the similarities and discrepancies between the cholesteric and flexoelectric cases.

G P Alexander; J M Yeomans

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Thermodynamically Stable Blue Phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show theoretically that flexoelectricity stabilizes blue phases in chiral liquid crystals. Induced internal polarization reduces the elastic energy cost of splay and bend deformations surrounding singular lines in the director field. The energy of regions of double twist is unchanged. This in turn reduces the free energy of the blue phase with respect to that of the chiral nematic phase, leading to stability over a wider temperature range. The theory explains the discovery of large temperature range blue phases in highly flexoelectric "bimesogenic" and "bent-core" materials, and predicts how this range may be increased further.

F. Castles; S. M. Morris; E. M. Terentjev; H. J. Coles

2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

451

Intercomparison of the Cloud Water Phase among Global Climate Models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mixed-phase clouds (clouds that consist of both cloud droplets and ice crystals) are frequently present in the Earths atmosphere and influence the Earths energy budget through their radiative properties, which are highly dependent on the cloud water phase. In this study, the phase partitioning of cloud water is compared among six global climate models (GCMs) and with Cloud and Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization retrievals. It is found that the GCMs predict vastly different distributions of cloud phase for a given temperature, and none of them are capable of reproducing the spatial distribution or magnitude of the observed phase partitioning. While some GCMs produced liquid water paths comparable to satellite observations, they all failed to preserve sufficient liquid water at mixed-phase cloud temperatures. Our results suggest that validating GCMs using only the vertically integrated water contents could lead to amplified differences in cloud radiative feedback. The sensitivity of the simulated cloud phase in GCMs to the choice of heterogeneous ice nucleation parameterization is also investigated. The response to a change in ice nucleation is quite different for each GCM, and the implementation of the same ice nucleation parameterization in all models does not reduce the spread in simulated phase among GCMs. The results suggest that processes subsequent to ice nucleation are at least as important in determining phase and should be the focus of future studies aimed at understanding and reducing differences among the models.

Komurcu, Muge; Storelvmo, Trude; Tan, Ivy; Lohmann, U.; Yun, Yuxing; Penner, Joyce E.; Wang, Yong; Liu, Xiaohong; Takemura, T.

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Blazar Sequence: Validity and Predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The "blazar sequence" posits that the most powerful BL Lacertae objects and flat-spectrum radio quasars should have relatively small synchrotron peak frequencies, nu_peak, and that the least powerful such objects should have the highest nu_peak values. This would have strong implications for our understanding of jet formation and physics and the possible detection of powerful, moderately high-redshift TeV blazars. I review the validity of the blazar sequence by using the results of very recent surveys and compare its detailed predictions against observational data. I find that the blazar sequence in its simplest form is ruled out. However, powerful flat-spectrum radio quasars appear not to reach the nu_peak typical of BL Lacs. This could indeed be related to some sort of sequence, although it cannot be excluded that it is instead due to a selection effect.

P. Padovani

2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

453

Boron-10 Lined Proportional Counter Model Validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Safeguards (NA-241) is supporting the project Coincidence Counting With Boron-Based Alternative Neutron Detection Technology at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the development of an alternative neutron coincidence counter. The goal of this project is to design, build and demonstrate a boron-lined proportional tube-based alternative system in the configuration of a coincidence counter. This report discusses the validation studies performed to establish the degree of accuracy of the computer modeling methods current used to simulate the response of boron-lined tubes. This is the precursor to developing models for the uranium neutron coincidence collar under Task 2 of this project.

Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Kouzes, Richard T.

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

454

Real-World Hydrogen Technology Validation: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy, the Department of Defense's Defense Logistics Agency, and the Department of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration have funded learning demonstrations and early market deployments to provide insight into applications of hydrogen technologies on the road, in the warehouse, and as stationary power. NREL's analyses validate the technology in real-world applications, reveal the status of the technology, and facilitate the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, manufacturing, and operations. This paper presents the maintenance, safety, and operation data of fuel cells in multiple applications with the reported incidents, near misses, and frequencies. NREL has analyzed records of more than 225,000 kilograms of hydrogen that have been dispensed through more than 108,000 hydrogen fills with an excellent safety record.

Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Wipke, K.; Ramsden, T.; Ainscough, C.; Eudy, L.; Saur, G.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Verification and Validation Strategy for LWRS Tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One intension of the Department of Energy (DOE) Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) program is to create advanced computational tools for safety assessment that enable more accurate representation of a nuclear power plant safety margin. These tools are to be used to study the unique issues posed by lifetime extension and relicensing of the existing operating fleet of nuclear power plants well beyond their first license extension period. The extent to which new computational models / codes such as RELAP-7 can be used for reactor licensing / relicensing activities depends mainly upon the thoroughness with which they have been verified and validated (V&V). This document outlines the LWRS program strategy by which RELAP-7 code V&V planning is to be accomplished. From the perspective of developing and applying thermal-hydraulic and reactivity-specific models to reactor systems, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Regulatory Guide 1.203 gives key guidance to numeric model developers and those tasked with the validation of numeric models. By creating Regulatory Guide 1.203 the NRC defined a framework for development, assessment, and approval of transient and accident analysis methods. As a result, this methodology is very relevant and is recommended as the path forward for RELAP-7 V&V. However, the unique issues posed by lifetime extension will require considerations in addition to those addressed in Regulatory Guide 1.203. Some of these include prioritization of which plants / designs should be studied first, coupling modern supporting experiments to the stringent needs of new high fidelity models / codes, and scaling of aging effects.

Carl M. Stoots; Richard R. Schultz; Hans D. Gougar; Thomas K Larson; Michael Corradini; Laura Swiler; David Pointer; Jess Gehin

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Solar-cycle variation of the sound-speed asphericity from GONG and MDI data 1995-2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the variation of the frequency splitting coefficients describing the solar asphericity in both GONG and MDI data, and use these data to investigate temporal sound-speed variations as a function of both depth and latitude during the period from 1995-2000 and a little beyond. The temporal variations in even splitting coefficients are found to be correlated to the corresponding component of magnetic flux at the solar surface. We confirm that the sound-speed variations associated with the surface magnetic field are superficial. Temporally averaged results show a significant excess in sound speed around 0.92 solar radii and latitude of 60 degrees.

H. M. Antia; S. Basu; F. Hill; R. Howe; R. W. Komm; J. Schou

2001-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

457

Validation experiment of a numerically processed millimeter-wave interferometer in a laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a new interferometer system for density profile measurements. This system produces multiple measurement chords by a leaky-wave antenna driven by multiple frequency inputs. The proposed system was validated in laboratory evaluation experiments. We confirmed that the interferometer generates a clear image of a Teflon plate as well as the phase shift corresponding to the plate thickness. In another experiment, we confirmed that quasi-optical mirrors can produce multiple measurement chords; however, the finite spot size of the probe beam degrades the sharpness of the resulting image.

Kogi, Y., E-mail: kogi@fit.ac.jp; Higashi, T.; Matsukawa, S. [Department of Information Electronics, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka 811-0295 (Japan); Mase, A. [Art, Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-0811 (Japan); Kohagura, J.; Yoshikawa, M. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan); Nagayama, Y.; Kawahata, K. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5202 (Japan); Kuwahara, D. [Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

458

Numerical simulations of acoustically generated gravitational waves at a first order phase transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present details of numerical simulations of the gravitational radiation produced by a first order {thermal} phase transition in the early universe. We confirm that the dominant source of gravitational waves is sound waves generated by the expanding bubbles of the low-temperature phase. We demonstrate that the sound waves have a power spectrum with power-law form between the scales set by the average bubble separation (which sets the length scale of the fluid flow $L_\\text{f}$) and the bubble wall width. The sound waves generate gravitational waves whose power spectrum also has a power-law form, at a rate proportional to $L_\\text{f}$ and the square of the fluid kinetic energy density. We identify a dimensionless parameter $\\tilde\\Omega_\\text{GW}$ characterising the efficiency of this "acoustic" gravitational wave production whose value is $8\\pi\\tilde\\Omega_\\text{GW} \\simeq 0.8 \\pm 0.1$ across all our simulations. We compare the acoustic gravitational waves with the standard prediction from the envelope appr...

Hindmarsh, Mark; Rummukainen, Kari; Weir, David J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Numerical simulations of acoustically generated gravitational waves at a first order phase transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present details of numerical simulations of the gravitational radiation produced by a first order {thermal} phase transition in the early universe. We confirm that the dominant source of gravitational waves is sound waves generated by the expanding bubbles of the low-temperature phase. We demonstrate that the sound waves have a power spectrum with power-law form between the scales set by the average bubble separation (which sets the length scale of the fluid flow $L_\\text{f}$) and the bubble wall width. The sound waves generate gravitational waves whose power spectrum also has a power-law form, at a rate proportional to $L_\\text{f}$ and the square of the fluid kinetic energy density. We identify a dimensionless parameter $\\tilde\\Omega_\\text{GW}$ characterising the efficiency of this "acoustic" gravitational wave production whose value is $8\\pi\\tilde\\Omega_\\text{GW} \\simeq 0.8 \\pm 0.1$ across all our simulations. We compare the acoustic gravitational waves with the standard prediction from the envelope approximation. Not only is the power spectrum steeper (apart from an initial transient) but the gravitational wave energy density is generically two orders of magnitude or more larger.

Mark Hindmarsh; Stephan J. Huber; Kari Rummukainen; David J. Weir

2015-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

460

UPVG phase 2 report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Utility PhotoVoltaic Group (UPVG), supported by member dues and a grant from the US Department of Energy, has as its mission the acceleration of the use of cost-effective small-scale and emerging large-scale applications of photovoltaics for the benefit of electric utilities and their customers. Formed in October, 1992, with the support of the American Public Power Association, Edison Electric Institute, and the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, the UPVG currently has 90 members from all sectors of the electric utility industry. The UPVG`s efforts as conceived were divided into four phases: Phase 0--program plan; Phase 1--organization and strategy development; Phase 2--creating market assurance; and Phase 3--higher volume purchases. The Phase 0 effort developed the program plan and was completed early in 1993. The Phase 1 goal was to develop the necessary background information and analysis to lead to a decision as to which strategies could be undertaken by utilities to promote greater understanding of PV markets and achieve increased volumes of PV purchases. This report provides the details of the UPVG`s Phase 2 efforts to initiate TEAM-UP, its multiyear, 50-MW hardware initiative.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Planck Scale Induced Speed of Sound in a Trapped Bose-Einstein Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present work, we analyze the corrections caused by an anomalous dispersion relation, suggested in several quantum gravity models, upon the speed of sound in a weakly interacting Bose--Einstein Condensate, trapped in a potential of the form $V(r)\\sim r^{2}$. We show that the corresponding ground state energy and consequently, the associated speed of sound, present corrections respect to the usual case, which may be used to explore the sensitivity to Planck--scale effects on these relevant properties associated with the condensate. Indeed, we stress that this type of macroscopic bodies may be more sensitive, under certain conditions, to Planck--scale manifestations than its constituents. In addition, we prove that the inclusion of a trapping potential, together with many--body contributions, improves the sensitivity to Planck--scale signals, compared to the homogeneous system.

E. Castellanos; J. I. Rivas; V. Domnguez-Rocha

2014-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

462

Detecting Sound-Wave-Like Surface Brightness Ripples in Cluster Cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the observational requirements for the detection of sound-wave-like features in galaxy cluster cores. We calculate the effect of projection on the observed wave amplitude, and find that the projection factor depends only weakly on the underlying cluster properties but strongly on the wavelength of the sound waves, with the observed amplitude being reduced by a factor ~5 for 5 kpc waves but only by a factor ~ 2 for 25 kpc waves. We go on to estimate the time needed to detect ripples similar to those previously detected in the Perseus cluster in other clusters. We find that the detection time scales most strongly with the flux of the cluster and the amplitude of the ripples. By connecting the ripple amplitude to the heating power in the system, we estimate detection times for a selection of local clusters and find that several may have ripples detected with ~1Ms Chandra time.

J. Graham; A. C. Fabian; J. S. Sanders

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

463

From AdS/CFT correspondence to hydrodynamics. II. Sound waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a non-trivial check of the non-supersymmetric gauge/gravity duality, we use a near-extremal black brane background to compute the retarded Green's functions of the stress-energy tensor in N=4 super-Yang-Mills (SYM) theory at finite temperature. For the long-distance, low-frequency modes of the diagonal components of the stress-energy tensor, hydrodynamics predicts the existence of a pole in the correlators corresponding to propagation of sound waves in the N=4 SYM plasma. The retarded Green's functions obtained from gravity do indeed exhibit this pole, with the correct values for the sound speed and the rate of attenuation.

G. Policastro; D. T. Son; A. O. Starinets

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

464

Generic behaviour of nonlinear sound waves near the surface of a star: smooth solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We are interested in the generic behaviour of nonlinear sound waves as they approach the surface of a star, here assumed to have the polytropic equation of state $P=K\\rho^\\Gamma$. Restricting to spherical symmetry, and considering only the region near the surface, we generalise the methods of Carrier and Greenspan (1958) for the shallow water equations on a sloping beach to this problem. We give a semi-quantitative criterion for a shock to form near the surface during the evolution of generic initial data with support away from the surface. We show that in smooth solutions the velocity and the square of the sound speed remain regular functions of Eulerian radius at the surface.

Carsten Gundlach; Colin Please

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

465

Microscopic theory of sound propagation in the superfluid {sup 3}He-aerogel system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a theory of sound propagation in superfluid {sup 3}He confined in aerogel, taking dragged aerogel motion into account. The superfluid dynamics coupled with the aerogel motion is formulated by use of the Keldysh Green's function for weak-coupling superfluid Fermi liquid. We apply the theory to the hydrodynamic regime and calculate the attenuation of a hydrodynamic longitudinal sound mode, the so-called fast mode. The result is compared to the acoustic experiment reported by the Northwestern University group [R. Nomura, G. Gervais, T. M. Haard, Y. Lee, N. Mulders, and W. P. Halperin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 4325 (2000); G. Gervais, R. Nomura, T. M. Haard, Y. Lee, N. Mulders, and W. P. Halperin, J. Low Temp. Phys. 122, 1 (2001)]. We find reasonable agreement between the theory and the experiment.

Higashitani, S.; Miura, M.; Yamamoto, M.; Nagai, K. [Faculty of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 1-7-1, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8521 (Japan)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Confirming sound absorption characteristics of box absorbers that utilize laser-cut micro-slits on the top surface as the means of sound absorption, with an exploration of different architectural installations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is believed that the box absorber utilizes viscous forces present in micro-slits on their surfaces to absorb sound [8]. These box absorbers were developed through research at SINTEF and the Norwegian University of Science ...

Matlack, Kathryn H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures -- A Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHP Supported with Energy Efficiency Measures - a Winning and Environmentally Sound Solution in Finland Erkki Hannunkari, IVO Technology Centre In the European Union Energy Progranunes, one of the most significant measures in reducing carbon... dioxides and other emissions is to build additional CHP teclmology. TIris will be implemented with measures to raise the energy efficiency. CHP technology is exceptionally widely used in Finland. At industrial sites, it accounts for more than in any...

Hannunkari, E.

468

The Difficulty of the Heating of Cluster Cooling Flows by Sound Waves and Weak Shocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate heating of the cool core of a galaxy cluster through the dissipation of sound waves and weak shocks excited by the activities of the central active galactic nucleus (AGN). Using a weak shock theory, we show that this heating mechanism alone cannot reproduce observed temperature and density profiles of a cluster, because the dissipation length of the waves is much smaller than the size of the core and thus the wave energy is not distributed to the whole core.

Yutaka Fujita; Takeru Ken Suzuki

2006-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

469

Chiral sound waves from a gauge theory of 1D generalized statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A topological gauge field theory in one spatial dimension is studied, with the gauge fields as generators of two commuting U(1) Ka\\u{c}-Moody algebras. Coupling of these gauge fields to nonrelativistic bosonic matter fields, produces a statistical transmutation of the later, as in the Chern-Simons theory in two dimensions. The sound waves of the model are investigated and proven to be chiral bosonic excitations, with the same spectrum as the density fluctuations of the Luttinger model.

Silvio J. Benetton Rabello

1996-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

470

Long-range sound-mediated dark-soliton interactions in trapped atomic condensates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A long-range soliton interaction is discussed whereby two or more dark solitons interact in an inhomogeneous atomic condensate, modifying their respective dynamics via the exchange of sound waves without ever coming into direct contact. An idealized double-well geometry is shown to yield perfect energy transfer and complete periodic identity reversal of the two solitons. Two experimentally relevant geometries are analyzed which should enable the observation of this long-range interaction.

Allen, A. J.; Jackson, D. P.; Barenghi, C. F.; Proukakis, N. P. [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU (United Kingdom)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Quench dynamics in SRF cavities: can we locate the quench origin with 2nd sound?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A newly developed method of locating quenches in SRF cavities by detecting second-sound waves has been gaining popularity in SRF laboratories. The technique is based on measurements of time delays between the quench as determined by the RF system and arrival of the second-sound wave to the multiple detectors placed around the cavity in superfluid helium. Unlike multi-channel temperature mapping, this approach requires only a few sensors and simple readout electronics; it can be used with SRF cavities of almost arbitrary shape. One of its drawbacks is that being an indirect method it requires one to solve an inverse problem to find the location of a quench. We tried to solve this inverse problem by using a parametric forward model. By analyzing the data we found that the approximation where the second-sound emitter is a near-singular source does not describe the physical system well enough. A time-dependent analysis of the quench process can help us to put forward a more adequate model. We present here our current algorithm to solve the inverse problem and discuss the experimental results.

Maximenko, Yulia; /Moscow, MIPT; Segatskov, Dmitri A.; /Fermilab

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Effects of coordination and pressure on sound attenuation, boson peak and elasticity in amorphous solids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Connectedness and applied stress strongly affect elasticity in solids. In various amorphous solids, mechanical stability can be lost either by reducing connectedness or by increasing pressure. We present an effective medium theory of elasticity that extends previous approaches by incorporating the effect of compression, of amplitude $e$, allowing one to describe quantitative features of sound propagation, transport, the boson peak, and elastic moduli near the elastic instability occurring at a compression $e_c$. The theory disentangles several frequencies characterizing the vibrational spectrum: the onset frequency $\\omega_0\\sim \\sqrt{e_c-e}$ where strongly-scattered modes appear in the vibrational spectrum, the pressure-independent frequency $\\omega_*$ where the density of states displays a plateau, the boson peak frequency $\\omega_{BP}$, and the Ioffe-Regel frequency $\\omega_{IR}$ where scattering length and wavelength become equal. We predict that sound attenuation crosses over from $\\omega^4$ to $\\omega^2$ behaviour at $\\omega_0$. We predict that a frequency-dependent length scale $l_s(\\omega)$ and speed of sound $\

Eric DeGiuli; Adrien Laversanne-Finot; Gustavo Dring; Edan Lerner; Matthieu Wyart

2014-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

473

Sound Waves Excitation by Jet-Inflated Bubbles in Clusters of Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that repeated sound waves in the intracluster medium (ICM) can be excited by a single inflation episode of an opposite bubble pair. To reproduce this behavior in numerical simulations the bubbles should be inflated by jets, rather than being injected artificially. The multiple sound waves are excited by the motion of the bubble-ICM boundary that is caused by vortices inside the inflated bubbles and the backflow (`cocoon') of the ICM around the bubble. These sound waves form a structure that can account for the ripples observed in the Perseus cooling flow cluster. We inflate the bubbles using slow massive jets, with either a wide opening angle or that are precessing. The jets are slow in the sense that they are highly sub-relativistic, $v_j \\sim 0.01c-0.1c$, and they are massive in the sense that the pair of bubbles carry back to the ICM a large fraction of the cooling mass, i.e., $\\sim 1-50 M_\\odot \\yr^{-1}$. We use a two-dimensional axisymmetric (referred to as 2.5D) hydrodynamical numerical code (VH-1).

Assaf Sternberg; Noam Soker

2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

474

Phase Transition from QMC Hyperonic Matter to Deconfined Quark Matter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the possibility and consequences of phase transitions from an equation of state (EoS) describing nucleons and hyperons interacting via mean-fields of sigma, omega, and rho mesons in the recently improved Quark-Meson Coupling (QMC) model to an EoS describing a Fermi gas of quarks in an MIT bag. The transition to a mixed phase of baryons and deconfined quarks, and subsequently to a pure deconfined quark phase is described using the method of Glendenning. The overall EoS for the three phases is calculated for various scenarios and these are used to calculate stellar solutions using the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equations. The results are compared to recent experimental data and the validity of each case is discussed with consequences for determining the species content of the interior of neutron stars.

Carroll, Jonathan; Leinweber, Derek; Thomas, Anthony; Williams, Anthony

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Validating agent based models through virtual worlds.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the US continues its vigilance against distributed, embedded threats, understanding the political and social structure of these groups becomes paramount for predicting and dis- rupting their attacks. Agent-based models (ABMs) serve as a powerful tool to study these groups. While the popularity of social network tools (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) has provided extensive communication data, there is a lack of ne-grained behavioral data with which to inform and validate existing ABMs. Virtual worlds, in particular massively multiplayer online games (MMOG), where large numbers of people interact within a complex environ- ment for long periods of time provide an alternative source of data. These environments provide a rich social environment where players engage in a variety of activities observed between real-world groups: collaborating and/or competing with other groups, conducting battles for scarce resources, and trading in a market economy. Strategies employed by player groups surprisingly re ect those seen in present-day con icts, where players use diplomacy or espionage as their means for accomplishing their goals. In this project, we propose to address the need for ne-grained behavioral data by acquiring and analyzing game data a commercial MMOG, referred to within this report as Game X. The goals of this research were: (1) devising toolsets for analyzing virtual world data to better inform the rules that govern a social ABM and (2) exploring how virtual worlds could serve as a source of data to validate ABMs established for analogous real-world phenomena. During this research, we studied certain patterns of group behavior to compliment social modeling e orts where a signi cant lack of detailed examples of observed phenomena exists. This report outlines our work examining group behaviors that underly what we have termed the Expression-To-Action (E2A) problem: determining the changes in social contact that lead individuals/groups to engage in a particular behavior. Results from our work indicate that virtual worlds have the potential for serving as a proxy in allocating and populating behaviors that would be used within further agent-based modeling studies.

Lakkaraju, Kiran; Whetzel, Jonathan H.; Lee, Jina [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA; Bier, Asmeret Brooke; Cardona-Rivera, Rogelio E. [North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC; Bernstein, Jeremy Ray Rhythm [Gaikai, Inc., Aliso Viejo, CA

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

STORMVEX: The Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment Science and Operations Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the Storm Peak Lab Cloud Property Validation Experiment (STORMVEX), a substantial correlative data set of remote sensing observations and direct in situ measurements from fixed and airborne platforms will be created in a winter season, mountainous environment. This will be accomplished by combining mountaintop observations at Storm Peak Laboratory and the airborne National Science Foundation-supported Colorado Airborne Multi-Phase Cloud Study campaign with collocated measurements from the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2). We describe in this document the operational plans and motivating science for this experiment, which includes deployment of AMF2 to Steamboat Springs, Colorado. The intensive STORMVEX field phase will begin nominally on 1 November 2010 and extend to approximately early April 2011.

Mace, J; Matrosov, S; Shupe, M; Lawson, P; Hallar, G; McCubbin, I; Marchand, R; Orr, B; Coulter, R; Sedlacek, A; Avallone, L; Long, C

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

477

Thermodynamic modeling and experimental validation of the Fe-Al-Ni-Cr-Mo alloy system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NiAl-type precipitate-strengthened ferritic steels have been known as potential materials for the steam turbine applications. In this study, thermodynamic descriptions of the B2-NiAl type nano-scaled precipitates and body-centered-cubic (BCC) Fe matrix phase for four alloys based on the Fe-Al-Ni-Cr-Mo system were developed as a function of the alloy composition at the aging temperature. The calculated phase structure, composition, and volume fraction were validated by the experimental investigations using synchrotron X-ray diffraction and atom probe tomography. With the ability to accurately predict the key microstructural features related to the mechanical properties in a given alloy system, the established thermodynamic model in the current study may significantly accelerate the alloy design process of the NiAl-strengthened ferritic steels.

Teng, Zhenke [ORNL; Zhang, F [CompuTherm LLC, Madison, WI; Miller, Michael K [ORNL; Liu, Chain T [Hong Kong Polytechnic University; Huang, Shenyan [ORNL; Chou, Y.T. [Multi-Phase Services Inc., Knoxville; Tien, R [Multi-Phase Services Inc., Knoxville; Chang, Y A [ORNL; Liaw, Peter K [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Validation of Material Models for Automotive Carbon Fiber Composite Structures (VMM) Libby Berger (General Motors), Omar Faruque (Ford) Co-Principal Investigators US Automotive...

479

Thermal Hydraulic Modeling: Cross-Verification, Validation and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aleks Obabko, Paul Fischer, and Tim Tautges, Argonne National Laboratory Thermal Hydraulic Modeling: Cross-Verification, Validation and Co-design PI Name: Paul F. Fischer PI...

480

Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylation Revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis. In: Functional Genomics: Methods and Protocols, M.Segal: Validation in Genomics: CpG Island Methylationpackage and applications to genomics. Bioinformatics and

Segal, Mark R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "validation soundings phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

HEV, PHEV, EV Test Standard Development and Validation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Test Standard Development and Validation 2013 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Annual Merit Review May 13-17, 2013 Michael Duoba, Henning Lohse-Busch, Kevin...

482

V-139: Cisco Network Admission Control Input Validation Flaw...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sensitive Information U-270:Trend Micro Control Manager Input Validation Flaw in Ad Hoc Query Module Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands U-015: CiscoWorks Common...

483

Development and Validation of an Advanced Stimulation Prediction...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of created fractures." State Colorado Objectives Develop and validate an advanced computer model that can be used in the planning and design of stimulation techniques to create...

484

U-219: Symantec Web Gateway Input Validation Flaws Lets Remote...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9: Symantec Web Gateway Input Validation Flaws Lets Remote Users Inject SQL Commands, Execute Arbitrary Commands, and Change User Passwords U-219: Symantec Web Gateway Input...

485

The effects of mnemonics on letter recognition and letter sound acquisition of at-risk kindergarten students  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study examined the effectiveness of embedded picture mnemonic alphabet cards on the acquisition of letter name and letter sound knowledge with at-risk kindergarten students in a rural Texas public school. The study compared student achievement...

White, Teresa

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

A low order flow/acoustics interaction method for the prediction of sound propagation using 3D adaptive hybrid grids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A low-order flow/acoustics interaction method for the prediction of sound propagation and diffraction in unsteady subsonic compressible flow using adaptive 3-D hybrid grids is investigated. The total field is decomposed into the flow field described by the Euler equations, and the acoustics part described by the Nonlinear Perturbation Equations. The method is shown capable of predicting monopole sound propagation, while employment of acoustics-guided adapted grid refinement improves the accuracy of capturing the acoustic field. Interaction of sound with solid boundaries is also examined in terms of reflection, and diffraction. Sound propagation through an unsteady flow field is examined using static and dynamic flow/acoustics coupling demonstrating the importance of the latter.

Kallinderis, Yannis, E-mail: kallind@otenet.gr [Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Patras, Rio Patras 26504 (Greece)] [Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Patras, Rio Patras 26504 (Greece); Vitsas, Panagiotis A.; Menounou, Penelope [Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Patras, Rio Patras 26504 (Greece)] [Dept. of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Patras, Rio Patras 26504 (Greece)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Sound strand design : designing mechanical joints to facilitate user interaction within a physical representation of digital music  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project involved the mechanical design of a modular musical instrument, named the "Sound Strand." Intended to be attached end-to-end one onto another in order to produce a string of music, each module was constructed ...

Shen, Yan, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

The potential effects of sounds from seismic exploration on the distribution of cetaceans in the Northern Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It appears that cetacean distributions are related to environmental conditions and not to sound intensity level of seismic exploration. The CCR often occur on the continental margin of the mouth of the Mississippi River, an area of great oil exploitation...

Rankin, Shannon

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Report on a workshop concerning code validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of wind turbine components is becoming more critical as turbines become lighter and more dynamically active. Computer codes that will reliably predict turbine dynamic response are, therefore, more necessary than before. However, predicting the dynamic response of very slender rotating structures that operate in turbulent winds is not a simple matter. Even so, codes for this purpose have been developed and tested in North America and in Europe, and it is important to disseminate information on this subject. The purpose of this workshop was to allow those involved in the wind energy industry in the US to assess the progress invalidation of the codes most commonly used for structural/aero-elastic wind turbine simulation. The theme of the workshop was, ``How do we know it`s right``? This was the question that participants were encouraged to ask themselves throughout the meeting in order to avoid the temptation of presenting information in a less-than-critical atmosphere. Other questions posed at the meeting are: What is the proof that the codes used can truthfully represent the field data? At what steps were the codes tested against known solutions, or against reliable field data? How should the designer or user validate results? What computer resources are needed? How do codes being used in Europe compare with those used in the US? How does the code used affect industry certification? What can be expected in the future?

none,

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Development and validation of detailed controls models of the Nelson River Bipole 1 HVDC system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the Nelson River Bipole 1 mercury arc valve group replacement project and planning for the expansion of the Nelson River HVDC system with a third bipole underway, it was decided to pursue a program to develop and validate detailed models of the existing HVDC transmission facilities and their associated ac systems for use in system studies. The first phase of the program concentrated on the development of detailed controls models associated with the Bipole 1 transmission facility. Based on previous experience at Manitoba Hydro with the Electromagnetic Transient DC simulation program (EMTDC), it was decided that model development and validation would use this program. This paper presents the reasons behind the development of detailed models, the methods used in developing models related to Bipole 1, results of validation tests, difficulties encountered during the process, and the overall benefits resulting from the project. An example of applying the models to investigate a low frequency oscillation which has occurred on the dc system in the past is also presented.

Kuffel, P.; Kent, K.L.; Mazur, G.B.; Weekes, M.A. (Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg (Canada))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Sound propagation in light-modulated carbon nanosponge suspensions W. Zhou,1 R. P. Tiwari,1 R. Annamalai,2 R. Sooryakumar,1 V. Subramaniam,2 and D. Stroud1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the high sound speed of the nanotubes, the measured speed of longitudinal-acoustic waves in the suspension in sound speed are considered. One is simply that the sound speed decreases because of fluid heat induced to investigate the propagation of acoustic waves through inho- mogeneous media. Sound propagation in liquid

Stroud, David

492

Ris-R-1298(EN) Validation of Satellite SAR Offshore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Risø-R-1298(EN) Validation of Satellite SAR Offshore Wind Speed Maps to In-Situ Data, Microscale project goal is to develop a method for utilizing the satellite wind speed maps for offshore wind resources, e.g. in future planning of offshore wind farms. The report describes the validation analysis

493

Experimental validation of finite element codes for welding deformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental validation of finite element codes for welding deformations H. M. Aarbogha,b, , M Institute for Energy Technology, N-2027 Kjeller, Norway. Abstract A single pass Metal Inert Gas welding which numerical codes quantifying welding stresses can be validated. It includes a mov- ing heat source

Boyer, Edmond

494

Validation of the Window Model of the Modelica Buildings Library  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LBNL-5735E Validation of the Window Model of the Modelica Buildings Library Thierry Stephane MODEL OF THE MODELICA BUILDINGS LIBRARY Thierry Stephane Nouidui, Michael Wetter, and Wangda Zuo the validation of the window model of the free open-source Modelica Buildings library. This paper starts

495

PDF Approach Hybrid Methodology Validation DEVELOPMENT OF A HYBRID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PDF Approach Hybrid Methodology Validation DEVELOPMENT OF A HYBRID EULERIAN-LAGRANGIAN METHOD CNRS / INPT / UPS PhD Defense X. PIALAT Hybrid Eulerian-Lagrangian Method (HELM) #12;PDF Approach Hybrid Methodology Validation Introduction Gas-Particle Flows Applications pollutant dispersion

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

496

Validating Process Refinement with Ontologies , Gerd Groener2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Validating Process Refinement with Ontologies Yuan Ren1 , Gerd Groener2 , Jens Lemcke3 , Tirdad University of Koblenz-Landau, 3 SAP AG Abstract. A crucial task in process management is the validation of process refinements. A process refinement is a process description in a more fine-grained representation

Staab, Steffen

497

D&D Waste Estimate Validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rocky Flats Closure Project (Site) includes several multi-year decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) projects which, over the next four years, will dismantle and demolish four major plutonium facilities, four major uranium facilities, and over 400 additional facilities of different types. The projects are currently generating large quantities of transuranic, low-level, mixed, hazardous, and sanitary wastes. A previous paper described the initial conceptual estimates and methods, and the evolution of these methods based on the actual results from the decommissioning of a ''pilot'' facility. The waste estimating method that resulted from that work was used for the waste estimates incorporated into the current Site baseline. This paper discusses subsequent developments on the topic of waste estimating that have occurred since the baseline work. After several months of operation under the current Site baseline, an effort was initiated to either validate or identify improvements to the waste basis-of-estimate. Specific estimate and estimating method elements were identified for additional analysis based on the element's potential for error and the impact of that error on Site activities. The analysis took advantage of actual, more detailed data collected both from three years additional experience in decommissioning a second plutonium facility and from experience in deactivating certain non-plutonium facilities. It compared the actual transuranic and low-level waste generation against their respective estimates based on overall distribution and for individual media (i.e. equipment type), and evaluated trends. Finally, it projected the quantity of lead-characteristic low-level mixed waste that will be generated from plutonium building decommissioning and upgraded the decommissioning waste estimates of the non-plutonium buildings.

Sanford, P. C.; Templeton, J. H.; Stevens, J. L.; Dorr, K.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - airs temperature soundings Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

-validation of MIPASENVISAT and GPS-ROCHAMP temperature profiles D. Y. Wang, G. P. Stiller, T. von Clarmann, H... -505-454-3364 Summary This paper presents results from a...

499

Roll-up of validation results to a target application.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Suites of experiments are preformed over a validation hierarchy to test computational simulation models for complex applications. Experiments within the hierarchy can be performed at different conditions and configurations than those for an intended application, with each experiment testing only part of the physics relevant for the application. The purpose of the present work is to develop methodology to roll-up validation results to an application, and to assess the impact the validation hierarchy design has on the roll-up results. The roll-up is accomplished through the development of a meta-model that relates validation measurements throughout a hierarchy to the desired response quantities for the target application. The meta-model is developed using the computation simulation models for the experiments and the application. The meta-model approach is applied to a series of example transport problems that represent complete and incomplete coverage of the physics of the target application by the validation experiments.

Hills, Richard Guy

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF AIRBORNE AND STRUCTURE-BORNE NOISE TRANSMISSION IN HVAC PLENUMS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This research demonstrates the usage of numerical acoustics to model sound and vibrational energy propagation in HVAC ducts and plenums. Noise and vibration in HVAC (more)

Ramalingam, Srinivasan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z