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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Tailorable optical scattering properties of the V-shaped plasmonic nano-antennas: a computationally efficient and fast analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce an efficient computational scheme based on Macro Basis Function (MBF) method, to analyze the scattering of a plane wave by the V-shaped plasmonic optical nano-antennas. The polarization currents and the scattered fields for symmetric and anti-symmetric excitations are investigated. We investigate how the resonant frequency of the plasmonic V-shaped nanoantenna is tailored by engineering the geometrical parameters and by changing the polarization state of the incident plane wave. The computational model presented herein is faster by orders of magnitude than commercially available finite methods and is capable to characterize also other nanoantennas comprising of junctions and bends of nanorods.

Rashidi, Arash; Anagnostou, Dimitris E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

V-shaped resonators for addition of broad-area laser diode arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for addition of broad-area semiconductor laser diode arrays are described. The system can include an array of laser diodes, a V-shaped external cavity, and grating systems to provide feedback for phase-locking of the laser diode array. A V-shaped mirror used to couple the laser diode emissions along two optical paths can be a V-shaped prism mirror, a V-shaped stepped mirror or include multiple V-shaped micro-mirrors. The V-shaped external cavity can be a ring cavity. The system can include an external injection laser to further improve coherence and phase-locking.

Liu, Bo; Liu, Yun; Braiman, Yehuda Y.

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

3

Self-propulsion of V-shape micro-robot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we study the self-propulsion of a symmetric V-shape micro-robot (or V-robot) which consists of three spheres connected by two arms with an angle between them; the arms' lengths and the angle are changing periodically. Using an asymptotic procedure containing two-timing method and a distinguished limit, we obtain analytic expressions for the self-propulsion velocity and Lighthill's efficiency. The calculations show that a version of V-robot, aligned perpendicularly to the direction of self-swimming, is both the fastest one and the most efficient one. We have also shown that such $V$-robot is faster and more efficient than a linear three-sphere micro-robot. At the same time the maximal self-propulsion velocity of V-robots is significantly smaller than that of comparable microorganisms.

Vladimir A. Vladimirov

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

4

Cooling system for a gas turbine using a cylindrical insert having V-shaped notch weirs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved cooling system for a gas turbine is disclosed. A plurality of V-shaped notch weirs are utilized to meter a coolant liquid from a pool of coolant into a plurality of platform and airfoil coolant channels formed in the buckets of the turbine. The V-shaped notch weirs are formed in a separately machined cylindrical insert and serve to desensitize the flow of coolant into the individual platform and airfoil coolant channels to design tolerances and non-uniform flow distribution.

Grondahl, Clayton M. (Clifton Park, NY); Germain, Malcolm R. (Ballston Lake, NY)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Integrated broadband bowtie antenna on transparent substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bowtie antenna is a topic of growing interest in recent years. In this paper, we design, fabricate, and characterize a modified gold bowtie antenna integrated on a transparent glass substrate. We numerically investigate the antenna characteristics, specifically its resonant frequency and enhancement factor. We simulate the dependence of resonance frequency on bowtie geometry, and verify the simulation results through experimental investigation, by fabricating different sets of bowtie antennas on glass substrates utilizing CMOS compatible processes and measuring their resonance frequencies. Our designed bowtie antenna provides a strong broadband electric field enhancement in its feed gap. The far-field radiation pattern of the bowtie antenna is measured, and it shows dipole-like characteristics with large beam width. Such a broadband antenna will be useful for a myriad of applications, ranging from wireless communications to electromagnetic wave detection.

Zhang, Xingyu; Subbaraman, Harish; Zhan, Qiwen; Pan, Zeyu; Chung, Chi-jui; Yan, Hai; Chen, Ray T

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Turbulent heat transfer in a trapezoidal channel with transverse and v-shaped ribs on two opposite walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study investigates the turbulent heat transfer and friction in a trapezoidal channel with opposite walls roughened with transverse and v-shaped ribs. The roughened channel depicts the internal cooling passage of an aerofoil near the trailing...

Subramanian, Karthik

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

7

Influence of Rotor Structure and Number of Phases on Torque and Flux Weakening Characteristics of V-shape Interior PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, phase back-EMF, constant power operating capability. Keywords: V-shape magnet machine, straight number on the machine characteristics, PRIUS structure is transformed into 5-phase machine of the same type and dimensions. As well, an optimization procedure is carried out to determine the optimal open

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

8

FRACTAL ANTENNAS Philip Felber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTAL ANTENNAS by Philip Felber A literature study as a project for ECE 576 Illinois Institute of Technology December 12, 2000 (Revised: January 16, 2001) #12;2 Felber: "Fractal Antennas" Abstract 3 Introduction 3 Chronology 3 Background 4 Fractals 5 Antennas 6 Fractal Antennas 7 Applications 9 Classic

9

Comparison of the Resonant Frequency in Graphene and Metallic Nano-antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of the Resonant Frequency in Graphene and Metallic Nano-antennas Ignacio Llatser, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany Abstract. The scalability of the resonant frequency in graphene. The antenna resonances are obtained by combining the dispersion relation in free-standing graphene and gold

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

10

Gold Nanoantennas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An array of gold nanoantennas laced into an artificial membrane enhances the fluorescence intensity of three different molecules when they pass through plasmonic hot spots in the array. Watch for the blue, green and red flashes. The photobleaching at the end of each fluorescence event (white flashes) is indicative of single molecule observations.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Measurement for Square Channels with V-shape Ribs at High Reynolds Numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the best thermal performance and e/D=0.18 has the worst thermal performance. The P/e=10 has the best thermal performance and P/e=5 has the worst thermal performance. Re x10 -4 TP 10 20 30 40 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 Figure 10... is better than the angled ribs. In this study, the Reynolds number from 30,000 to 400,000 is studied with V-shaped ribs. The blockage ratio e/D is 0.1, 0.15, and 0.18 and spacing ratio P/e is 5, 7.5, and 10. The results show that the Nusselt number...

Alkhamis, Nawaf Yahya

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

12

Wideband active antenna cancellation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There exists a simultaneous transmit and receive antenna system where the transmitted signal is creating wideband interference of the receiver. To resolve this interference problem, the isolation between the transmit antenna ...

Adaniya, Hana L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Transfer function characteristics of bluff-body stabilized, conical V-shaped premixed turbulent propane-air flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The response of bluff-body stabilized conical V-shaped premixed flames to periodic upstream velocity oscillations was characterized as a function of oscillation frequency, mean flow velocity, and equivalence ratio. The flame heat release response to the imposed velocity oscillations was determined from the CH* chemiluminescence captured by two photomultiplier (PMT) detectors at a wavelength of 430 nm. One of the PMTs viewed flame radiation in a 10-mm horizontal slice, 50 mm above the bluff-body. The second PMT observed the overall flame radiation. The flame transfer function characteristics were determined from the spectral analysis of the velocity and PMT signals. It was found that the flame heat release amplitude response is confined to low-frequency excitation below a Strouhal number of 4. The phase relationship of the transfer function for these turbulent flames was evaluated using the signal from the spatially masked PMT. The transfer function estimate based on these data exhibits second-order characteristics with a phase lag between the velocity and heat release signals. The localized heat-release response contains frequencies that are multiples of the excitation frequency, suggesting splitting and tilting of flame structures as well as some nonlinear effects. Increase of flame equivalence ratio from lean toward stoichiometric resulted in slight amplification of the high-frequency response. (author)

Chaparro, Andres; Landry, Eric; Cetegen, Baki M. [Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Connecticut, 191 Auditorium Road, Storrs, CT 06269-3139 (United States)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

Recent results for plasma antennas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma antennas are just as effective as metal antennas. They can transmit, receive, and reflect radio waves just as well as metal antennas. In addition, plasma generated noise does not appear to be a problem.

Alexeff, Igor; Anderson, Ted; Farshi, Esmaeil; Karnam, Naresh; Pulasani, Nanditha Reddy [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

15

Combustion Synthesis Of Ultralow-density Nanoporous Gold Foams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new synthetic pathway for producing nanoporous gold monoliths through combustion synthesis from Au bistetrazoJeamine complexes has been demonstrated. Applications of interest for Au nanofoams include new substrates for nanoparticle-mediated catalysis, embedded antennas, and spectroscopy. Integrated support-and-catalystin-one nanocomposites prepared through combustion synthesis of mixed AuBTA/metal oxide pellets would also be an interesting technology approach for low-cost in-line catalytic conversion media. Furthermore, we envision preparation of ultrahigh surface area gold electrodes for application in electrochemical devices through this method.

Tappan, Bruce C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mueller, Alex H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steiner, Stephen A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Luther, Erik P [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

When Green Turns to Gold | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched FerromagnetismWaste and MaterialsWenjun DengWISP Sign InWhat WasWhatWhen DNAWhenWhen

17

Tunable Nanoscale Plasmon Antenna for Localization and Enhancement of Optical Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tunable Nanoscale Plasmon Antenna for Localization and Enhancement of Optical Energy Douglas Howe used. The coupling of optical energy with the surface plasmons that occur on the surface of metals the optical energy that couples with surface plasmons that exist on nanoscale metal structures. Gold

La Rosa, Andres H.

18

FDTD Analysis of Metamaterial Coated Microwave Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the metamaterial antenna is reduced over the classical design while the radiation pattern of the antenna remains virtually unchanged....

Cholleti, Vipin K.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

19

Microstrip antenna couplers and active antenna amplifying arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SCIENCE December 1997 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering MICROSTRIP ANTENNA COUPLERS AND ACTIVE ANTENNA AMPLIFYING ARRAYS A Thesis by YAO-CHOU (ANGUS) YANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial...) December 1997 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ABSTRACT Microstrip Antenna Coupler and Active Antenna Amplifying Arrays. ( December 1997) Yao-chou (Angus) Yang, B S. , Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Kai Chang A rectangular...

Yang, Yao-Chou (Angus)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NRAO VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey D-Array, April 5th 2013 #12;VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey D-Array, April 2013, Bob Broilo 2 Summary: No action needed. Inspected by: Bob2 Visible Light Image Notes: #12;VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey D-Array, April 2013, Bob

Groppi, Christopher

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NRAO VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey D-Array, October 2011, Bob Broilo #12;D-Array Antenna Pad Transformer Survey October 2011, Bob Broilo 2 Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 10-hand) feeds DE2. #12;D-Array Antenna Pad Transformer Survey October 2011, Bob Broilo 3 Inspected by: Bob

Groppi, Christopher

22

Going green earns Laboratory gold  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Going green earns Laboratory gold Going green earns Laboratory gold The Laboratory's newest facility is its first to achieve both the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design...

23

Gold Bullion International The Price and Future of Gold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the first metals to be discovered by man · Gold was discovered in Ancient times and used by the ancient© Gold Bullion International The Price and Future of Gold November 2010 #12;© Gold Bullion an important part of a diversified portfolio because its price increases in response to events that cause

Aronov, Boris

24

Microsecond switchable thermal antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a thermal antenna that can be actively switched on and off at the microsecond scale by means of a phase transition of a metal-insulator material, the vanadium dioxide (VO{sub 2}). This thermal source is made of a periodically patterned tunable VO{sub 2} nanolayer, which support a surface phonon-polariton in the infrared range in their crystalline phase. Using electrodes properly registered with respect to the pattern, the VO{sub 2} phase transition can be locally triggered by ohmic heating so that the surface phonon-polariton can be diffracted by the induced grating, producing a highly directional thermal emission. Conversely, when heating less, the VO{sub 2} layers cool down below the transition temperature, the surface phonon-polariton cannot be diffracted anymore so that thermal emission is inhibited. This switchable antenna could find broad applications in the domain of active thermal coatings or in those of infrared spectroscopy and sensing.

Ben-Abdallah, Philippe, E-mail: pba@institutoptique.fr; Benisty, Henri; Besbes, Mondher [Laboratoire Charles Fabry, UMR 8501, Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 2, Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France)

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

25

Antenna structure with distributed strip  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antenna comprises electrical conductors arranged to form a radiating element including a folded line configuration and a distributed strip configuration, where the radiating element is in proximity to a ground conductor. The folded line and the distributed strip can be electrically interconnected and substantially coplanar. The ground conductor can be spaced from, and coplanar to, the radiating element, or can alternatively lie in a plane set at an angle to the radiating element. Embodiments of the antenna include conductor patterns formed on a printed wiring board, having a ground plane, spacedly adjacent to and coplanar with the radiating element. Other embodiments of the antenna comprise a ground plane and radiating element on opposed sides of a printed wiring board. Other embodiments of the antenna comprise conductors that can be arranged as free standing "foils". Other embodiments include antennas that are encapsulated into a package containing the antenna.

Rodenbeck, Christopher T. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

26

Antenna structure with distributed strip  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antenna comprises electrical conductors arranged to form a radiating element including a folded line configuration and a distributed strip configuration, where the radiating element is in proximity to a ground conductor. The folded line and the distributed strip can be electrically interconnected and substantially coplanar. The ground conductor can be spaced from, and coplanar to, the radiating element, or can alternatively lie in a plane set at an angle to the radiating element. Embodiments of the antenna include conductor patterns formed on a printed wiring board, having a ground plane, spacedly adjacent to and coplanar with the radiating element. Other embodiments of the antenna comprise a ground plane and radiating element on opposed sides of a printed wiring board. Other embodiments of the antenna comprise conductors that can be arranged as free standing "foils". Other embodiments include antennas that are encapsulated into a package containing the antenna.

Rodenbeck, Christopher T. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

27

Integrated Solar Panel Antennas for Cube Satellites.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis work presents an innovative solution for small satellite antennas by integrating slot antennas and solar cells on the same panel to save small… (more)

Mahmoud, Mahmoud N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Multiple frequency printed slot and dipole antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

frequencies. Adding one varactor diode to the slot antenna or two diodes to the dipole either switching or tuning of the antenna could be achieved....

Kolsrud, Arild

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

29

VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NRAO VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey A-Array, July 2011, Bob Broilo #12;A-Array Antenna Pad Transformer Survey July 2011, Bob Broilo 2 Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 6/16/2011 2 Transformer Survey July 2011, Bob Broilo 3 Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 6/16/2011 1:58:06 PM

Groppi, Christopher

30

VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NRAO VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey C-Array, August 20th 2013 #12;VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey C-Array, August 2013, Bob Broilo 2 Summary: Breaker at CE7 needs to be replaced transformer can be shut down with the switch at DE9. Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 8/16/2013 2

Groppi, Christopher

31

VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NRAO VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey C-Array, April 2012, Bob Broilo #12;C-Array Antenna Pad Transformer Survey April 2012, Bob Broilo 2 Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 4/4/2012 2 Pad Transformer Survey April 2012, Bob Broilo 3 Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 4/4/2012 2

Groppi, Christopher

32

VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NRAO VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey A-Array, May 20, 2014 Summary: The breakers at AN5 Transformer Breaker Survey A-Array, May 2014, Bob Broilo 2 Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 5 Notes: #12;VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey A-Array, May 2014, Bob Broilo 3 Inspected by: Bob

Groppi, Christopher

33

VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NRAO VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey B-Array, May 2011, Bob Broilo #12;B-array Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey May 2011, Bob Broilo 2 Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 5 Transformer Breaker Survey May 2011, Bob Broilo 3 Inspected by: Bob Broilo Inspection Date: 5/5/2011 3

Groppi, Christopher

34

Antenna-coupled Photon Emission from hexagonal Boron Nitride Tunnel Junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ultrafast conversion of electrical to optical signals at the nanoscale is of fundamental interest for data processing, telecommunication and optical interconnects. However, the modulation bandwidths of semiconductor LEDs are limited by the spontaneous recombination rate of electron-hole pairs and the footprint of electrically-driven ultrafast lasers is too large for practical on-chip integration. A metal-insulator-metal (MIM) tunnel junction approaches the ultimate size limit of electronic devices and its operating speed is fundamentally limited only by the tunneling time. Here we study the conversion of electron energy - localized in vertical gold-h-BN-gold tunnel junctions - into free space photons, mediated by resonant slot antennas. Optical antennas efficiently bridge the size-mismatch between nanoscale volumes and far-field radiation and strongly enhance the electron-photon conversion efficiency. We achieve polarized, directional and resonantly enhanced light emission from inelastic electron tunnelin...

Parzefall, Markus; Jain, Achint; Watanabe, Kenji; Taniguchi, Takashi; Novotny, Lukas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Derivatized gold clusters and antibody-gold cluster conjugates  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Antibody- or antibody fragment-gold cluster conjugates are shown wherein the conjugate size can be as small as 5.0 nm. Methods and reagents are disclosed in which antibodies, Fab' or F(ab').sub.2 fragments thereof are covalently bound to a stable cluster of gold atoms. The gold clusters may contain 6, 8, 9, 11, 13, 55 or 67 gold atoms in their inner core. The clusters may also contain radioactive gold. The antibody-cluster conjugates are useful in electron microscopy applications as well as in clinical applications that include imaging, diagnosis and therapy.

Hainfeld, James F. (Shoreham, NY); Furuya, Frederic R. (Williston Park, NY)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Smart antennas based on graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report two configurations of smart graphene antennas, in which either the radiation pattern of the antenna or the backscattering of the periodic metallic arrays is controlled by DC biases that induce metal-insulator reversible transitions of graphene monolayers. Such a transition from a high surface resistance (no bias) to a low surface resistance state (finite bias voltage) causes the radiation pattern of metallic antennas backed with graphene to change dramatically, from omnidirectional to broadside. Moreover, reflectarrays enhance the backscattered field due to the same metal-dielectric transition.

Aldrigo, Martino; Dragoman, Mircea, E-mail: mircea.dragoman@imt.ro [National Institute for Research and Development in Microtechnology (IMT), P.O. Box 38-160, 023573 Bucharest (Romania); Dragoman, Daniela [Physics Faculty, University of Bucharest, P.O. Box MG-11, 077125 Bucharest (Romania)

2014-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

37

Electrically floating, near vertical incidence, skywave antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An Electrically Floating, Near Vertical Incidence, Skywave (NVIS) Antenna comprising an antenna element, a floating ground element, and a grounding element. At least part of said floating ground element is positioned between said antenna element and said grounding element. The antenna is separated from the floating ground element and the grounding element by one or more electrical insulators. The floating ground element is separated from said antenna and said grounding element by one or more electrical insulators.

Anderson, Allen A.; Kaser, Timothy G.; Tremblay, Paul A.; Mays, Belva L.

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

38

The New Gold Standard: Environmental Management Introduces the...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

The New Gold Standard: Environmental Management Introduces the First LEED Gold Industrial Facility The New Gold Standard: Environmental Management Introduces the First LEED Gold...

39

Electrically-driven optical antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unlike radiowave antennas, optical nanoantennas so far cannot be fed by electrical generators. Instead, they are driven by light or via optically active materials in their proximity. Here, we demonstrate direct electrical driving of an optical nanoantenna featuring an atomic-scale feed gap. Upon applying a voltage, quantum tunneling of electrons across the feed gap creates broadband quantum shot noise. Its optical frequency components are efficiently converted into photons by the antenna. We demonstrate that the properties of the emitted photons are fully controlled by the antenna architecture, and that the antenna improves the quantum efficiency by up to two orders of magnitude with respect to a non-resonant reference system. Our work represents a new paradigm for interfacing electrons and photons at the nanometer scale, e.g. for on-chip wireless data communication, electrically driven single- and multiphoton sources, as well as for background-free linear and nonlinear spectroscopy and sensing with nanometer...

Kern, Johannes; Prangsma, Jord C; Emmerling, Monika; Kamp, Martin; Hecht, Bert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Fin-line horn antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A fin line circuit card containing a fin line slot feeds a dipole antenna ich extends a quarterwave outside the waveguide and provides an energy beam focal point at or near the open end of the waveguide. The dipole antenna thus maintains a wide and nearly constant beamwidth, low VSWR and a circular symmetric radiation pattern for use in electronic warfare direction finding and surveillance applications.

Reindel, John (San Diego, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Wideband dual-linear polarized microstrip patch antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: the type and thickness of the antenna substrate, the method for feeding the antenna, size of patch antenna, polarization of antenna, the presence of slots in the patch and the use of fractal antennas. II.1 IMPORTANT BROADBAND DESIGN PARAMETERS Antenna... for an aperture coupled stacked patch antenna???????????????.. 24 10 Geometry of the final aperture coupled stacked patch antenna with bowtie apertures and dual offset microstrip feed lines??????.. 25 11 VSWR comparison for various sized patches, apertures...

Smith, Christopher Brian

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

A COGNITIVE COMPENSATION MECHANSIM FOR DEFORMABLE ANTENNAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the design, theory, and measurement of a linearly polarized microstrip patch antenna with a novel substrate-integrated mechanism that can compensate the detuning effects from a physical deformation. Specifically, this antenna...

Long, Stephen A.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

43

Compact Low Frequency Radio Antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antenna is disclosed that comprises a pair of conductive, orthogonal arches and a pair of conductive annular sector plates, wherein adjacent legs of each arch are fastened to one of the annular sector plates and the opposite adjacent pair of legs is fastened to the remaining annular sector plate. The entire antenna structure is spaced apart from a conductive ground plane by a thin dielectric medium. The antenna is driven by a feed conduit passing through the conductive ground plane and dielectric medium and attached to one of the annular sector plates, wherein the two orthogonal arched act as a pair of crossed dipole elements. This arrangement of elements provides a radiation pattern that is largely omni-directional above the horizon.

Punnoose, Ratish J. (Hayward, CA)

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

44

Gold alignment & internal dissipation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The measures of mechanical alignment were obtained for both prolate and oblate grains when their temperature is comparable with grain kinetic energy devided by k, the Boltzmann constant. For such grains, the alignment of angular momentum, J, with the axis of maximal inertia, a, is only partial. This substantially alters the alignment as compared with the results in Lazarian (1995) and Roberge, Hanany & Messinger (1996) obtained on the assumption of perfect alignment. We also describe the Gold alignment when the Barnett dissipation is suppressed and derive an analytical expression which relates the measure of alignment with parameters of grain nonsphericity and the direction of the gas - grain drift. This solution provides the lower limit for the alignment measure, while the upper limit is given by the analytics derived in Lazarian (1994). Using results of a recent study of incomplete internal relaxation in Lazarian & Roberge (1996), we find measures of alignment for the whole range of ratios of grain rotational energy to k over T_s, where T_s is the grain temperature. To describe alignment for mildly supersonic drifts, we suggest an analytical approach which provides good correspondence with the results of direct numerical simulations in Roberge, Hanany & Messinger (1995). We also extend our approach to account for the simultaneous action of the Gold and Davis-Greenstein mechanisms.

A. Lazarian

1997-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

45

Nested-cone transformer antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A plurality of conical transmission lines are concentrically nested to form n output antenna for pulsed-power, radio-frequency, and microwave sources. The diverging conical conductors enable a high power input density across a bulk dielectric to be reduced below a breakdown power density at the antenna interface with the transmitting medium. The plurality of cones maintain a spacing between conductors which minimizes the generation of high order modes between the conductors. Further, the power input feeds are isolated at the input while enabling the output electromagnetic waves to add at the transmission interface. Thus, very large power signals from a pulse rf, or microwave source can be radiated.

Ekdahl, Carl A. (Santa Fe, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Nested-cone transformer antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A plurality of conical transmission lines are concentrically nested to form an output antenna for pulsed-power, radio-frequency, and microwave sources. The diverging conical conductors enable a high power input density across a bulk dielectric to be reduced below a breakdown power density at the antenna interface with the transmitting medium. The plurality of cones maintain a spacing between conductors which minimizes the generation of high order modes between the conductors. Further, the power input feeds are isolated at the input while enabling the output electromagnetic waves to add at the transmission interface. Thus, very large power signals from a pulse rf, or microwave source can be radiated. 6 figures.

Ekdahl, C.A.

1991-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

47

VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NRAO VLA Antenna Pad Transformer Breaker Survey B-Array, November 22nd , 2013 Summary: None connections in the cabinet and may be indicating a problem inside the transformer. If the heating on these bushings continues the transformer may need service. NOTE: The low ambient temperature and good conductance

Groppi, Christopher

48

GOLD: The Genomes Online Database  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Since its inception in 1997, GOLD has continuously monitored genome sequencing projects worldwide and has provided the community with a unique centralized resource that integrates diverse information related to Archaea, Bacteria, Eukaryotic and more recently Metagenomic sequencing projects. As of September 2007, GOLD recorded 639 completed genome projects. These projects have their complete sequence deposited into the public archival sequence databases such as GenBank EMBL,and DDBJ. From the total of 639 complete and published genome projects as of 9/2007, 527 were bacterial, 47 were archaeal and 65 were eukaryotic. In addition to the complete projects, there were 2158 ongoing sequencing projects. 1328 of those were bacterial, 59 archaeal and 771 eukaryotic projects. Two types of metadata are provided by GOLD: (i) project metadata and (ii) organism/environment metadata. GOLD CARD pages for every project are available from the link of every GOLD_STAMP ID. The information in every one of these pages is organized into three tables: (a) Organism information, (b) Genome project information and (c) External links. [The Genomes On Line Database (GOLD) in 2007: Status of genomic and metagenomic projects and their associated metadata, Konstantinos Liolios, Konstantinos Mavromatis, Nektarios Tavernarakis and Nikos C. Kyrpides, Nucleic Acids Research Advance Access published online on November 2, 2007, Nucleic Acids Research, doi:10.1093/nar/gkm884]

The basic tables in the GOLD database that can be browsed or searched include the following information:

  • Gold Stamp ID
  • Organism name
  • Domain
  • Links to information sources
  • Size and link to a map, when available
  • Chromosome number, Plas number, and GC content
  • A link for downloading the actual genome data
  • Institution that did the sequencing
  • Funding source
  • Database where information resides
  • Publication status and information

(Specialized Interface)

Kyrpides, Nikos; Liolios, Dinos; Chen, Amy; Tavernarakis, Nektarios; Hugenholtz, Philip; Markowitz, Victor; Bernal, Alex

49

Mechanical Measurements of the ALMA Prototype Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The specifications of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) have placed stringent requirements on the mechanical performance of its antennas. As part of the evaluation process of the VertexRSI and Alcatel EIE Consortium (AEC) ALMA prototype antennas, measurements of the path length, thermal, and azimuth bearing performance were made under a variety of weather conditions and observing modes. The results of mechanical measurements, reported here, are compared to the antenna specifications.

A. Greve; J. G. Mangum

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

50

Determining weather radar antenna pointing using signals detected from the sun at low antenna elevations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determining weather radar antenna pointing using signals detected from the sun at low antenna radiation of the sun for checking of the antenna alignment and of the sensitivity of the receiver chain is a well established method in weather radar maintenance, and radar manufacturers offer sun calibration

Stoffelen, Ad

51

3870 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 53, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2005 Antenna Design for UHF RFID Tags  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3870 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 53, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2005 Antenna Design is a big and costly venture, RFID tag antennas are designed for a specific ASIC available in the market

Hochberg, Michael

52

array antenna applications: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

USA kimik@yonsei.ac.kr Abstract- In this paper, one linear tapered slot antenna (LTSA), backed Tentzeris, Manos 182 EEL 4461 Antenna Systems 1. Catalog Description (3...

53

Optical Antennas Palash Bharadwaj, Bradley Deutsch, and Lukas Novotny*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical Antennas Palash Bharadwaj, Bradley Deutsch, and Lukas Novotny* Institute of Optics Antennas Palash Bharadwaj, Bradley Deutsch, and Lukas Novotny 1. Introduction In optical science

Novotny, Lukas

54

Control of blood clotting using gold nanorods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a method to externally control blood clotting using gold nanoparticles. Gold nanorods (NRs) have unique size and shape-dependent optical properties that can be used for externally controlled release of ...

De Puig Guixé, Helena

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Mercury and the Gold Country Angler Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;#12;Mercury and the Gold Rush #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Gold Country Angler Survey A Pilot Study to Assess Mercury Exposure from Sport Fish Consumption in the Sierra Nevada Carrie Monohan, Ph.D. #12;Mercury and the Gold Rush Deer Creek 1908 Greenhorn Creek 2011 Mercury was used during

56

Experimental demonstration of superdirective dielectric antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose and demonstrate experimentally a simple approach for achieving superdirectivity of emitted radiation for electrically small antennas based on a spherical dielectric resonator with a notch excited by a dipole source. Superdirectivity is achieved without using complex antenna arrays and for a wide range of frequencies. We also demonstrate the steering effect for a subwavelength displacement of the source. Finally, unlike previously known superdirective antennas, our design has significantly smaller losses, at the operation frequency radiation efficiency attains 80%, and matching holds in the 3%-wide frequency band without any special matching technique.

Krasnok, Alexander E.; Filonov, Dmitry S.; Belov, Pavel A. [National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), St. Petersburg 197101 (Russian Federation); Simovski, Constantin R. [National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), St. Petersburg 197101 (Russian Federation); Aalto University, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, Aalto FI76000 (Finland); Kivshar, Yuri S. [National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), St. Petersburg 197101 (Russian Federation); Nonlinear Physics Center, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

57

Microwave mode shifting antenna system for regenerating particulate filters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regeneration system comprises a particulate matter (PM) filter including a microwave energy absorbing surface, and an antenna system comprising N antennas and an antenna driver module that sequentially drives the antenna system in a plurality of transverse modes of the antenna system to heat selected portions of the microwave absorbing surface to regenerate the PM filter, where N is an integer greater than one. The transverse modes may include transverse electric (TE) and/or transverse magnetic (TM) modes.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI; Kirby, Kevin W [Calabasas Hills, CA; Phelps, Amanda [Malibu, CA; Gregoire, Daniel J [Thousand Oaks, CA

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

58

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive antenna array Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

degree of freedom by treating the antenna array... ON MIMO SYSTEMS In the literature, a smart, intelligent, or adaptive antenna refers to an antenna array... MULTIFUNCTIONAL...

59

Forthcoming Publications: Science, PRL Optical Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forthcoming Publications: Science, PRL Optical Antennas D.W. Pohl This work presented here.Schuck et al., PRL 94, 017402 (2005) Beversluis, Bouhelier, Novotny, PR B 68, 115433 (2003). #12;Spectra #11

60

Spontaneous Emission Rate Enhancement Using Optical Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric  field  enhancement  and  directional  radiation,”  electric field induces movement of charge and 2) the incident radiationradiation resistance of 2.3.1 the antenna, C is of the Kinetic capacitance associated with the electric

Kumar, Nikhil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Lattice gas model for fragmentation: From Argon on Scandium to Gold on Gold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recent fragmentation data for central collisions of Gold on Gold are even qualitatively different from those for central collisions of Argon on Scandium. The latter can be fitted with a lattice gas model calculation. Effort is made to understand why the model fails for Gold on Gold. The calculation suggests that the large Coulomb interaction which is operative for the larger system is responsible for this discrepancy. This is demonstrated by mapping the lattice gas model to a molecular dynamics calculation for disassembly. This mapping is quite faithful for Argon on Scandium but deviates strongly for Gold on Gold. The molecular dynamics calculation for disassembly reproduces the characteristics of the fragmentation data for both Gold on Gold and Argon on Scandium.

Subal Das Gupta; Jicai Pan

1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

62

An overview of global gold market and gold price forecasting Shahriar Shafiee a,n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

into the relationship between gold price and other key influencing variables, such as oil price and global inflationAn overview of global gold market and gold price forecasting Shahriar Shafiee a,n , Erkan Topal b history: Received 6 February 2009 Received in revised form 20 April 2010 Accepted 17 May 2010 Jel

Boisvert, Jeff

63

Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries Water and Gold: A Promising Mix for Future Batteries Berkeley Lab Study Reveals Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes...

64

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna radiation patterns Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

microstrip antennas... and design of various antennas ... Source: Sen, Pradeep - Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, University of New Mexico Collection:...

65

Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized via Reactive Layer Assisted Deposition. Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized via Reactive...

66

A Renewable Electrochemical Magnetic Immunosensor Based on Gold...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Electrochemical Magnetic Immunosensor Based on Gold Nanoparticle Labels. A Renewable Electrochemical Magnetic Immunosensor Based on Gold Nanoparticle Labels. Abstract: A...

67

BPA Headquarters Now "Gold Certified" for Sustainability | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BPA Headquarters Now "Gold Certified" for Sustainability BPA Headquarters Now "Gold Certified" for Sustainability January 10, 2013 - 11:33am Addthis BPA's efforts to incorporate...

68

Switchable Imbibition in Nanoporous Gold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spontaneous imbibition enables the elegant propelling of nano-flows because of the dominance of capillarity at small length scales. The imbibition kinetics are, however, solely determined by the static geometry of the porous host, the capillarity, and the fluidity of the imbibed liquid. This makes active control particularly challenging. Here, we show for aqueous electrolyte imbibition in nanoporous gold that the fluid flow can be reversibly switched on and off through electric potential control of the solid-liquid interfacial tension, i.e. we can accelerate the imbibition front, stop it, and have it proceed at will. Simultaneous measurements of the mass flux and the electrical current allow us to document simple scaling laws for the imbibition kinetics, and to explore the charge flow dynamics in the metallic nanopores. Our findings demonstrate that the high electric conductivity along with the pathways for ionic and/or fluid transport render nanoporous elemental gold a versatile, accurately controllable electro-capillary pump and flow sensor for minute amounts of liquids with exceptionally low operating voltages.

Yahui Xue; Juergen Markmann; Huiling Duan; Joerg Weissmueller; Patrick Huber

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

69

Radar antenna pointing for optimized signal to noise ratio.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) of a radar echo signal will vary across a range swath, due to spherical wavefront spreading, atmospheric attenuation, and antenna beam illumination. The antenna beam illumination will depend on antenna pointing. Calculations of geometry are complicated by the curved earth, and atmospheric refraction. This report investigates optimizing antenna pointing to maximize the minimum SNR across the range swath.

Doerry, Armin Walter; Marquette, Brandeis [General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc., San Diego, CA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Lower Hybrid antennas for nuclear fusion experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nuclear fusion research goal is to demonstrate the feasibility of fusion power for peaceful purposes. In order to achieve the conditions similar to those expected in an electricity-generating fusion power plant, plasmas with a temperature of several hundreds of millions of degrees must be generated and sustained for long periods. For this purpose, RF antennas delivering multi-megawatts of power to magnetized confined plasma are commonly used in experimental tokamaks. In the gigahertz range of frequencies, high power phased arrays known as "Lower Hybrid" (LH) antennas are used to extend the plasma duration. This paper reviews some of the technological aspects of the LH antennas used in the Tore Supra tokamak and presents the current design of a proposed 20 MW LH system for the international experiment ITER.

Hillairet, Julien; Bae, Young-Soon; Bai, X; Balorin, C; Baranov, Y; Basiuk, V; Bécoulet, A; Belo, J; Berger-By, G; Brémond, S; Castaldo, C; Ceccuzzi, S; Cesario, R; Corbel, E; Courtois, X; Decker, J; Delmas, E; Delpech, L; Ding, X; Douai, D; Ekedahl, A; Goletto, C; Goniche, M; Guilhem, D; Hertout, P; Imbeaux, F; Litaudon, X; Magne, R; Mailloux, J; Mazon, D; Mirizzi, F; Mollard, P; Moreau, P; Oosako, T; Petrzilka, V; Peysson, Y; Poli, S; Preynas, M; Prou, M; Saint-Laurent, F; Samaille, F; Saoutic, B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Antenna model of the Purcell effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Purcell effect - the modification of the spontaneous emission rate in presence of resonant cavities or other resonant objects - is a fundamental effect of quantum electrodynamics. However, a change of the emission rate caused by environment different from free space has a classical counterpart. Not only quantum emitters, but any small antenna tuned to the resonance is an oscillator with radiative losses, and the influence of the environment on its radiation can be understood and measured in terms of the antenna radiation resistance. We present a general approach which is applicable to measurements of the Purcell factor for radio antennas and to calculations of these factors for quantum emitters. Our methodology is suitable for calculation and measurement of both electric and magnetic Purcell factors, it is versatile and applies to various frequency ranges. The approach is illustrated by a general equivalent scheme and allows the Purcell factor to be expressed through the continious radiation of a small an...

Krasnok, Alexander E; Simovski, Constantin R; Tretyakov, Sergei A; Poddubny, Alexander N; Miroshnichenko, Andrey E; Kivshar, Yuri S; Belov, Pavel A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Antenna Array Mutual Coupling Effects on Cellular CDMA Communication Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demands. One such technique is to increase capacity via digital beamforming and base station antenna and/or receiving, some of the energy that is primarily intended for one antenna ends up at the other and mutual impedances of a collection of two­port networks, such as antenna arrays. Using the mutual

Blostein, Steven D.

73

FORTE antenna element and release mechanism design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fast On-Orbit Recording of Transient Events (FORTE) satellite being built by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) has as its most prominent feature a large deployable (11 m by 5 m) log periodic antenna to monitor emissions from electrical storms on the Earth. This paper describes the antenna and the design for the long elements and explains the dynamics of their deployment and the damping system employed. It also describes the unique paraffin-actuated reusable tie-down and release mechanism employed in the system.

Rohweller, D.J. [Astro Aerospace Corp., Carpinteria, CA (United States); Butler, T.Af. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

(Data in metric tons1 of gold content, unless noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

combined production accounted for nearly 80% of the U.S. total. The trend for recent U.S. gold exploration68 GOLD (Data in metric tons1 of gold content, unless noted) Domestic Production and Use: Gold was recovered as a byproduct of processing base metals, chiefly copper. Twenty-five lode mines yielded

75

Colloidal-gold electrosensor measuring device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides a new device for use in measuring lead levels in biological and environmental samples. Using square wave coulometry and colloidal gold particles impregnated on carbon electrodes, the present invention provides a rapid, reliable, portable and inexpensive means of detecting low lead levels. The colloidal gold modified electrodes have microelectrode array characteristics and produce significantly higher stripping detection signals for lead than are produced at bulk gold electrode surfaces. The method is effective in determining levels of lead down to at least 5 {micro}g/dL in blood samples as small as 10 {micro}L. 9 figs.

Wegner, S.; Harpold, M.A.; McCaffrey, T.M.; Morris, S.E.; Wojciechowski, M.; Zhao, J.; Henkens, R.W.; Naser, N.; O`Daly, J.P.

1995-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

76

ANTENNA-COUPLED LIGHT-MATTER INTERACTIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is focused on antenna-coupled photon emission from single quantum emitters. The properties of optical antennas are tailored to control different photophysical parameters, such as the excited state lifetime, the saturation intensity, and the quantum yield [3]. Using a single molecule coupled to an optical antenna whose position and properties can be controllably adjusted we established a detailed and quantitative understanding of light-matter interactions in nanoscale environments. We have studied various quantum emitters: single molecules [11], quantum dots [7], rareearth ions [2], and NV centers in diamond [19]. We have systematically studied the interaction of these emitters with optical antennas. The overall objective was to establish a high-level of control over the light-matter interaction. In order to eliminate the coupling to the environment, we have taken a step further and explored the possibility of levitating the quantum emitter in high vacuum. What started as a side-project soon became a main activity in our research program and led us to the demonstration of vacuum trapping and cooling of a nanoscale particle [14].

NOVOTNY, LUKAS

2014-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

77

Low cost impulse compatible wideband antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antenna apparatus and method for building the antenna is disclosed. Impulse signals travel through a feed point of the antenna with respect to a ground plane. A geometric fin structure is connected to the feed point, and through a termination resistance to the ground plane. A geometric ridge structure connected to the ground is positioned with respect to the fin in order to receive and radiate electromagnetic energy from the impulse signal at a predetermined impedance and over a predetermined set of frequencies. The fin and ridge can be either a wire or a planar surface. The fin and ridge may be disposed within a radiation cavity such as a horn. The radiation cavity is constructed of stamped and etched metal sheets bent and then soldered together. The fin and ridge are also formed from metal sheets or wires. The fin is attached to the feed point and then to the cavity through a termination resistance. The ridge is attached to the cavity and disposed with respect to the fin in order to achieve a particular set of antenna characteristics.

Rosenbury, Erwin T. (Livermore, CA); Burke, Gerald J. (Livermore, CA); Nelson, Scott D. (Tracy, CA); Stever, Robert D. (Lathrop, CA); Governo, George K. (Livermore, CA); Mullenhoff, Donald J. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Lithographic antennas for enhancement of solar cell efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents proof-of-concept demonstration of the use of lithographic antennas for enhancement of solar-cell efficiency. A micro-sized lithographic antenna array was theoretically modeled, designed and fabricated. Experimental research was performed to validate the ability of the antenna array to concentrate infrared and visible energy onto photovoltaic (PV) materials. The research will serve as the basis for the design of a miniature power source for remote sensors.

Kotter, D.K. [Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Boreman, G. [Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States). Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Electronically tunable active antenna using microstrip annular ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

device was placed into the ring and the antenna characteristics were found and compared to the conventional ring. A varactor diode was also used to electronically tune the ring. Finally, two Gunn diodes were placed into a. single annular ring.... The active annular ring antenna exhibited 70% efEciency in power generation when compared to the Gunn diode in an optimized waveguide. The annular ring antenna, displayed a. poor power radiation pattern. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Ps. ge I INTRODUCTION...

Miller, Richard Earl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

80

A compact broadband multilayer patch antenna and its applications for phased arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

complexity of the antenna. This thesis details the work done on developing a broadband patch antenna that is compact and easily manufactured. Three antenna designs are detailed herein. Simulation and measured results indicate that the double II-shaped u...

Kidder, Charles Crandall

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

FET active notch antennas for quasi-optical power combining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

different solid-state circuit structures can be used to create the active antenna elements used in quasi-optical power combining arrays A new type of active antenna which combines an FET oscillator with a notch antenna has been designed and tested... Oscillators C. Design and Performance of the FET Active Notch Antenna . . . . . D Injection Locking. . . Page ul tv jx 10 10 14 20 20 20 23 30 CHAPTER 1, Injection Locking to an External Power Source . . . . 2. Injection Locking the FET Active...

Leverich, William Kent

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

active integrated antenna: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or so. The AIAs are reviewed in its 9 Passive and active Reconfigurable antenna design Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Passive and active...

83

A new radiation stripline ICRF antenna design for EAST Tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new type of toroidal long Radiation Stripline Antenna (RSA) is presented, which can effectively improve antenna radiation, leading in reduction of max voltage on transmission line and decrease of the sensitivity to ELM's of the ICRF system at some frequencies. Based on the new concept, a 4-straps RSA is proposed for EAST device. Using 3-D computing simulator code (HFSS), RF current distribution, S-parameters and electromagnetic field distribution on and near the RSA ICRF antenna are analyzed and compared with present ICRF antenna on EAST.

Qin, C. M.; Zhao, Y. P.; Wan, B. N.; Li, J.; Zhang, X. J.; Yang, Q. X.; Yuan, S. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China); Braun, F. [Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, D-85748, Garching (Germany); Notedame, J.-M. [Max-Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, D-85748, Garching, Germany and University of Gent (Belgium); Kasahara, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki (Japan); Collaboration: ICRF Team on EAST

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

84

Antenna-coupled microcavities for enhanced infrared photo-detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate mid-infrared detectors embedded into an array of double-metal nano-antennas. The antennas act as microcavities that squeeze the electric field into thin semiconductor layers, thus enhancing the detector responsivity. Furthermore, thanks to the ability of the antennas to gather photons from an area larger than the device's physical dimensions, the dark current is reduced without hindering the photo-generation rate. In these devices, the background-limited performance is improved with a consequent increase of the operating temperature. Our results illustrate how the antenna-coupled microcavity concept can be applied to enhance the performances of infrared opto-electronic devices.

Nga Chen, Yuk; Todorov, Yanko, E-mail: yanko.todorov@univ-paris-diderot.fr; Askenazi, Benjamin; Vasanelli, Angela; Sirtori, Carlo [Laboratoire Matériaux et Phénomènes Quantiques, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS-UMR 7162, 75013 Paris (France); Biasiol, Giorgio [IOM CNR, Laboratorio TASC, Area Science Park, I-34149 Trieste (Italy); Colombelli, Raffaele [Institut d'Electronique Fondamentale, Université Paris Sud, CNRS-UMR 8622, F-91405 Orsay (France)

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

85

Do Investors Forecast Fat Firms? Evidence from the Gold Mining Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economists’ Gold Price Forecasts,” Australian Journal ofDo Investors Forecast Fat Firms? Evidence from the Gold

Borenstein, Severin; Farrell, Joseph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Geology of the Florida Canyon gold deposit, Pershing County,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Geology of the Florida Canyon gold deposit, Pershing County, Nevada, in: Gold and Silver...

87

Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films Print Wednesday, 21 November 2012 12:18 Nanoparticles-man-made atoms with unique optical,...

88

adaptive antenna radio-fiber: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

USA kimik@yonsei.ac.kr Abstract- In this paper, one linear tapered slot antenna (LTSA), backed Tentzeris, Manos 498 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 13,...

89

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna architectures based Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the course focus has shifted to antennas for personal wireless communications MATLAB and SuperNEC-based... 1 EECE 483 - Antennas and Propagation Course Overview Basic...

90

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna straps design Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

part of the plasma heating system mix to reach the Summary: ITER ion cyclotron heating systems design Section view through antenna module Thermal model of antenna......

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna diagnostics technique Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Are wall antenna a ... Source: Fusiongnition Research Experiment (FIRE) Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion 2 Robust Antenna Diagnostics Method using Equivalent Elemental...

92

A frequency reconfigurable circularly polarized microstrip patch antenna using liquid metal microswitches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reconfigurable antennas with adaptable frequency, pattern, and polarization offer flexibility and size reduction for wireless systems that must increasingly execute multiple missions with less volume. These antennas will ...

Yee, Steven C. (Steven Christopher), 1989-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna-coupled transition edge Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

through antenna coupling... or quasi-particles trapping. Antenna coupling can ... Source: Roma "La Sapienza", Universit di - Dipartimento di Fisica, Quantum Optics Group...

94

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna radio-fiber access Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Green" Inkjet-Printed Monopole Antenna Topology for Concurrent RFID and Cellular... "green" inkjet-printed monopole antenna topology for integrated RFID-reader and cellular...

95

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna proteins studied Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

plasmonic dipole antennas Weihua Zhang and Olivier J. F. Martin Summary: , Switzerlan ABSTRACT In this work, we study how to use a plasmonic dipole antenna as a...

96

1 | P a g e Boiler Gold Rush  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 | P a g e Boiler Gold Rush VISION STATEMENT The vision of BGR is twofold: first, help all new by participating in the premiere orientation program in the nation, Boiler Gold Rush. Second, enhance upper leaders for the betterment of the university. PROGRAM GOALS Boiler Gold Rush will provide the following

Ginzel, Matthew

97

Impact of optical antennas on active optoelectronic devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of optical antennas on active optoelectronic devices Alireza Bonakdar and Hooman Mohseni that are integrated with optoelectronic devices. Herein, we describe the fundamental reasons for and experimental antennas with optoelectronic devices can lead to the realization of highly compact multifunctional

Mohseni, Hooman

98

AIPS Memo 93 Position Angle of the VSOP Antenna Feed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

satellite construction, including antenna and solar panels, is shown in Fig. 1. We define a right hand observed and Y 1 is the axis about which the solar panels can be rotated. The solar panels are pointed a = ~s \\Gamma ~e (~e \\Delta ~s) (2) 1 Information about the VSOP antenna and solar panels was provided

Groppi, Christopher

99

Maroon, Gold .... and Green!Green!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Definition Board of Regents Policy on Sustainability and Energy Efficiency (adopted July 2004) Sustainability of sustainability and energy efficient operations and a pioneering model among large, public research, land grantMaroon, Gold .... and Green!Green! Advancing Our Sustainability Efforts: University Sustainability

Minnesota, University of

100

Transverse electromagnetic horn antenna with resistively-loaded exterior surfaces  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved transverse electromagnetic (TEM) horn antenna comprises a resistive loading material on the exterior surfaces of the antenna plates. The resistive loading material attenuates or inhibits currents on the exterior surfaces of the TEM horn antenna. The exterior electromagnetic fields are of opposite polarity in comparison to the primary and desired interior electromagnetic field, thus inherently cause partial cancellation of the interior wave upon radiation or upon reception. Reducing the exterior fields increases the radiation efficiency of the antenna by reducing the cancellation of the primary interior field (supported by the interior surface currents). This increases the transmit gain and receive sensitivity of the TEM horn antenna, as well as improving the transient (time-domain) response.

Aurand, John F. (Edgewood, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Sidelobe Canceling for Optimization of Reconfigurable Holographic Metamaterial Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accurate and efficient methods for beam-steering of holographic metamaterial antennas is of critical importance for enabling consumer usage of satellite data capacities. We develop an optimization algorithm capable of performing adaptive, real-time control of antenna patterns while operating in dynamic environments. Our method provides a first analysis of the antenna pattern optimization problem in the context of metamaterials and for the purpose of directing the central beam and significantly suppressing sidelobe levels. The efficacy of the algorithm is demonstrated both on a computational model of the antenna and experimentally. Due to their exceptional portability, low-power consumption and lack of moving parts, metamaterial antennas are an attractive and viable technology when combined with proven software engineering strategies to optimize performance.

Johnson, Mikala C; Kutz, J Nathan; Kundtz, Nathan B

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Layer-by-layer assembly of graphene and gold nanoparticles by vacuum filtration and spontaneous reduction of gold ionsw  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Layer-by-layer assembly of graphene and gold nanoparticles by vacuum filtration and spontaneous 2009 DOI: 10.1039/b821920f Layer-by-layer films comprised of alternating graphene and gold nanoparticle graphene oxide solution to fabricate the graphene thin film on the quartz substrate, followed by gold

Kim, Yong Jung

103

Detailed energy distributions in laser-produced plasmas of solid gold and foam gold planar targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Foam gold was proposed to increase the laser to x-ray conversion efficiency due to its important applications. To understand the mechanism of x-ray enhancement, the detailed energy distributions and plasma profiles for laser-irradiated solid gold and foam gold targets were studied comparatively by hydrodynamic simulations using the code Multi-1D. It is confirmed that the radiation heat wave is subsonic for the normal solid gold target, while supersonic for the foam gold target. The shock wave, which is behind the supersonic radiation heat wave for the foam gold target, generates a plasma temperature gradient with high temperature near the shock wave front to produce an additional net outward radiation for enhancement of the x-ray emission. Much larger inward plasma velocity is also driven by the shock wave as an initial plasma velocity for the laser deposition and electron thermal conduct zone, which decreases the expanding plasma kinetic energy loss and helps to increase the x-ray radiation.

Dong, Yunsong [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China) [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China); Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhang, Lu; Yang, Jiamin; Shang, Wanli [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)] [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 175 Linear Tapered Cavity-Backed Slot Antenna for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

antenna (LTSA) which is backed by an air cavity is proposed and fabricated using low temperature cofired are confined in the LTCC substrate. However, the proposed LTSA with the air cavity backing structure exhibits, linear tapered slot antenna (LTSA), low temperature cofired ceramic (LTCC), wide bandwidth. I

Tentzeris, Manos

105

510 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 10, 2011 A Scalable Solar Antenna for Autonomous Integrated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that can be integrated underneath a solar panel is presented. The topology alleviates the effect of solar--3-D RF modules, autonomous modules, omni- directional antenna, solar antenna, solar panel, wireless consumption of every individual node [11]. Currently, solar panels harvest the largest reported amount

Tentzeris, Manos

106

Linear Tapered Slot Antennas on LTCC Substrate for Millimeter-wave Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-0250, USA kimik@yonsei.ac.kr Abstract- In this paper, one linear tapered slot antenna (LTSA), backed. Conventionally, when LTSA is designed on LTCC board, due to its high dielectric constant and thickness, the gain, Yagi antenna and linear tapered slot antenna (LTSA). Among them, the linear tapered slot antenna [3

Tentzeris, Manos

107

Method of making radio frequency ion source antenna and such antenna  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In the method, the radio frequency (rf) antenna is made by providing a clean coil made of copper tubing or other metal conductor, which is coated with a tacky organic binder, and then with a powdered glass frit, as by sprinkling the frit uniformly over the binder. The coil is then heated internally in an inert gas atmosphere, preferably by passing an electrical heating current along the coil. Initially, the coil is internally heated to about 200/sup 0/C to boil off the water from the binder, and then to about 750 to 850/sup 0/C to melt the glass frit, while also burning off the organic binder. The melted frit forms a molten glass coating on the metal coil, which is then cooled to solidify the glass, so that the metal coil is covered with a thin continuous homogeneous impervious glass coating of substantially uniform thickness. The glass coating affords complete electrical insulation and complete dielectric protection for the metal coil of the rf antenna, to withstand voltage breakdown and to prevent sputtering, while also doubling the plasma generating efficiency of the rf antenna, when energized with RF power in the vacuum chamber of an ion source for a particle accelerator or the like. The glass frit preferably contains approximately 45% lead oxide.

Ehlers, K.W.; Leung, K.N.

1985-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

108

Gold Standard Program Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio: Energy Resources Jump to:Gloria GlensCalifornia: Energy ResourcesGold

109

antenna complexes protect: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

on LTCC Substrate for Millimeter-wave Applications Il Kwon Kim-0250, USA kimik@yonsei.ac.kr Abstract- In this paper, one linear tapered slot antenna (LTSA), backed Tentzeris, Manos...

110

Autonomous smart antenna systems for future mobile devices   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Along with the current trend of wireless technology innovation, wideband, compact size, low-profile, lightweight and multiple functional antenna and array designs are becoming more attractive in many applications. ...

Zhou, Wei

2015-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

111

Single antenna interference cancellation in asynchronous GSM/GPRS networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this project, we have proposed a decorrelator-based single antenna interference cancellation algorithm for the asynchronous GSM/GPRS network. The algorithm is tested according to the current SAIC/DARP performance ...

Chan, Chung, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Image-line voltage controlled oscillators and grating antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMAGE-LINE VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS AND GRATING ANTENNAS A Thesis by ALEXANDER MacDONALD KIRK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ABM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering IMAGE-LINE VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS AND GRATING ANTENNAS A Thesis by ALEXANDER MacDONALD KIRK Approved as to style and content by: Kai Chang (Chair of Committee) Robert D. Nevels...

Kirk, Alexander MacDonald

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Compact antenna arrays with wide bandwidth and low sidelobe levels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Highly efficient, low cost, easily manufactured SAR antenna arrays with lightweight low profiles, large instantaneous bandwidths and low SLL are disclosed. The array topology provides all necessary circuitry within the available antenna aperture space and between the layers of material that comprise the aperture. Bandwidths of 15.2 GHz to 18.2 GHz, with 30 dB SLLs azimuthally and elevationally, and radiation efficiencies above 40% may be achieved. Operation over much larger bandwidths is possible as well.

Strassner, II, Bernd H.

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

114

A study of coupled dipole antennas in echelon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SCIENCE January 1961 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering A STUDY OF COUPLED DIPOLE ANTENNAS IN ECHELON A THESIS by Abdul Matin Patwari Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of the Committee 8, Head oi' the Department January 1961...A STUDY OF COUPLED DIPOLE ANTENNAS IN ECHELON A THESIS by Abdul Matin Patwari Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements I' or the degree of MASTER...

Patwari, Abdul Matin

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Equivalent radii of antennas with noncircular cross section  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1960 Ma]or Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Approved as to style and content by: (C airman of Conunittee) (Head of Department...EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Su, Charles Wen-Hsun

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Effect of Gold Nanorod Surface Chemistry on Cellular Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gold nanorods (GNRs) stabilized with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and GNR functionalized via a ligand exchange method with either thiolated polyethylene glycol (PEG5000) or mercaptohexadecanoic acid (MHDA) were ...

Grabinski, Christin

117

Epithermal Gold Mineralization and a Geothermal Resource at Blue...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Epithermal Gold Mineralization and a Geothermal Resource at Blue Mountain, Humboldt County, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal...

118

DETERMINATION OF THE SURFACE COMPOSITION OF BINARY ALLOYS BY AUGER ELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY: THE GOLD-SILVER AND GOLD-TIN SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE GOLD-SILVER AND GOLD-TIN SYSTEMS Steven Henry Overbury (GOLD-SILVER lu"JD GOLD-TIN SYSTEl1S Steven Henry Overburyat % Au,113 WEIGHT PERCENT TIN I I I I 133G. [5~ II I T L I

Overbury, S.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Gold nanoparticle formation in diamond-like carbon using two different methods: Gold ion implantation and co-deposition of gold and carbon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe work in which gold nanoparticles were formed in diamond-like carbon (DLC), thereby generating a Au-DLC nanocomposite. A high-quality, hydrogen-free DLC thin film was formed by filtered vacuum arc plasma deposition, into which gold nanoparticles were introduced using two different methods. The first method was gold ion implantation into the DLC film at a number of decreasing ion energies, distributing the gold over a controllable depth range within the DLC. The second method was co-deposition of gold and carbon, using two separate vacuum arc plasma guns with suitably interleaved repetitive pulsing. Transmission electron microscope images show that the size of the gold nanoparticles obtained by ion implantation is 3-5 nm. For the Au-DLC composite obtained by co-deposition, there were two different nanoparticle sizes, most about 2 nm with some 6-7 nm. Raman spectroscopy indicates that the implanted sample contains a smaller fraction of sp{sup 3} bonding for the DLC, demonstrating that some sp{sup 3} bonds are destroyed by the gold implantation.

Salvadori, M. C.; Teixeira, F. S.; Araujo, W. W. R.; Sgubin, L. G.; Cattani, M. [Institute of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, CP 66318, CEP 05315-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Spirin, R. E. [Polytechnic School, University of Sao Paulo, CEP 05508-900 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Brown, I. G. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Interconnecting gold islands with DNA origami  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for and NovelFEG-SEM with0,Interconnecting gold islands

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

BlackGold Biofuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre BiomassTHIS PAGE ISJump to: navigation,BlackBlackGold

122

Method for aqueous gold thiosulfate extraction using copper-cyanide pretreated carbon adsorption  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gold thiosulfate leaching process uses carbon to remove gold from the leach liquor. The activated carbon is pretreated with copper cyanide. A copper (on the carbon) to gold (in solution) ratio of at least 1.5 optimizes gold recovery from solution. To recover the gold from the carbon, conventional elution technology works but is dependent on the copper to gold ratio on the carbon.

Young, Courtney; Melashvili, Mariam; Gow, Nicholas V

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

123

E-Print Network 3.0 - african gold miners Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in Peridotite: Alleghany... ultramafic wall rocks associated with Mother Lode-type hydrothermal gold-quartz vein mineralization... , gold, and associated minerals, and...

124

Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700) jeb@math.purdue.edu #12;#12;#12;David McCullough, Jr help Always be prepared #12;Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700) jeb@math.purdue.edu #12;

Brown, Johnny E.

125

Formation and Characterization of Core Shell Structures on Nanoporous Gold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, differing metals, and potential layering. Nickel and gold were both chosen, as nickel is often worked characteristics. Methods To obtain a layer of nickel on the NPG, electroplating in a Watts bath was the best choice. Electroless plating was chosen to fabricate the layer of gold. A scanning electron microscope

Collins, Gary S.

126

Sustained Storage and Transport of Hydraulic Gold Mining Sediment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sustained Storage and Transport of Hydraulic Gold Mining Sediment in the Bear River, California L deposits of hydraulic gold mining sediment remain in main channels of the Bear River more than 100 years- sic model of sediment transport in a symmet- rical wave that is based on hydraulic mining sediment

James, L. Allan

127

Evaluation of Hypervelocity Gold Nanoparticles for Nanovolume Surface Mass Spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Figure VI-1 ................................................................................................ 166 VI-3 SI yields for samples containing various amounts of silver and gold on top of a PMMA film analyzed by massive gold clusters... and Bi+ ........ 169 VI-4 Negative mode mass spectrum from atomic-SIMS analysis of a PMMA surface ........................................................................................... 170 VI-5 Proposed structures for fragment ions...

DeBord, John 1986-

2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

128

"Green Gold" pasture ecosystem management programme 16 .06.2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

desertification process; B) May affect economic and social resilience and further sustainable socio-economic right and organizations 5. Economic mechanisms of Self- governing Organizations "Green Gold" pasture to the changing conditions. "Green Gold" pasture ecosystem management programme 8 Community Development Processes

129

Effect of gold-nickel metallization microstructure on fluxless soldering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold plating is used in the microelectronics industry to maintain the wettability of metal substrates. The nature of wetting during soldering of gold plated metals is discussed, and the results of experiments on the fluxless wettability and oxidation of gold plated nickel are described. The results suggest that electrodeposition of a thin gold plate (0.14 [mu]m) and the concurrent reduction of nickel oxide produce a gold-nickel system which will wet without flux. Oxidation of nickel was observed to occur via nickel out-diffusion and by direct exposure of the substrate through pinhole plating defects. Auger chemical analysis indicates that pinholes do not produce oxidation of the surrounding substrate area. 20 refs., 10 figs.

Cinque, R.B.; Morris, J.W. Jr. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States) Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States))

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Intense emission of cluster anions from gold targets under impact of keV/u gold clusters.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intense emission of cluster anions from gold targets under impact of keV/u gold clusters. M the emission yield of anionic clusters increases much faster with n than expected from simple proportionality. Accordingly, the most intense emission is observed for Au7 - : under Au9 + impact the Au7 - yield per incident

Boyer, Edmond

131

E-Print Network 3.0 - antennas promotes light Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

question of whether or not ground screens should... 1 Impedance Measurements of the Big Blade and Fork Antennas on Ground Screens at the LWDA Site... antennas during a visit to...

132

Analysis, Design, and Operation of a Spherical Inverted-F Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents the analysis, design, and fabrication of a spherical inverted-F antenna (SIFA). The SIFA consists of a spherically conformal rectangular patch antenna recessed into a quarter section of a metallic sphere. The sphere acts as a...

McDonald, Jacob J.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

133

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna packet radio Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

antenna selection methods for Mi- DAS. The packet... . The symbol-based method uses the PHY training symbols so that all antennas are assessed with a single packet... is for...

134

PUBLISHED VERSION Characterization of local heat fluxes around ICRF antennas on JET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) to characterize the heat fluxes on the protection of the JET ICRF antennas, using Infra-Red (IR) thermography

135

Analytical Techniques and Operational Perspectives for a Spherical Inverted-F Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ground. The SIFA resembles a planar inverted-F antenna (PIFA) that has been conformally recessed onto a sphere. The basic design, simulation, and fabrication of a SIFA were recently reported. The aim of this thesis is to provide a three... are pushing the limit for antenna engineers, increasing the popularity of multifunctional designs that combine several functions into one structure [e.g., 8]. Planar antennas are an important class of antennas, which, due to their thin, flat geometries...

Rolando, David Lee

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

136

Automatic compensation of antenna beam roll-off in SAR images.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of a non-uniform antenna beam are sometimes visible in Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images. This might be due to near-range operation, wide scenes, or inadequate antenna pointing accuracy. The effects can be mitigated in the SAR image by fitting very a simple model to the illumination profile and compensating the pixel brightness accordingly, in an automated fashion. This is accomplished without a detailed antenna pattern calibration, and allows for drift in the antenna beam alignments.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

A new electromagnetic code for ICRF antenna in EAST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The demand for an effective tool to help in the design of ion cyclotron radio frequency (ICRF) antenna system for fusion experiment has driven the development of predictive codes. A new electromagnetic code based on the method of moments (MOM) is described in the paper. The code computes the electromagnetic field by the solution of the electric field integral equation. The structure of ICRF antennas are discretized with triangular mesh. By using the new code, the scattering parameter and the surface current are given and compared with the result by commercial code CST. Moreover, the power spectra are studied with different toroidal phases for heating and current drive. Good agreement of simulation results between the new code and CST are obtained. The code has been validated against CST for EAST ICRF antenna.

Yang, Hua; Dong, Sa; Zhang, Xin-Jun; Zhao, Yan-Ping; Shang, Lei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We establish in closed-form the capacity and the optimal signaling scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information are considered: constant channel known at both the transmitter and receiver, and Rayleigh fading channel known only at the receiver. For the first case, the optimal signaling scheme is beamforming with the phases of the beam weights matched to the phases of the channel coefficients, but the amplitudes independent of the channel coefficients and dependent only on the constrained powers. For the second case, the optimal scheme is to send independent signals from the antennas with the constrained powers. In both cases, the capacity with per-antenna power constraint is usually less than that with sum power constraint.

Vu, Mai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Construction of a polarization sensitive planar antenna for microwaves in the centimeter range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Construction of a polarization sensitive planar antenna for microwaves in the centimeter range the construction of the actual antenna circuit took place, a number of tests were performed to develop of various techniques. Following these tests, a prototype antenna circuit was constructed and measurements

140

Design and performance of a microstrip reflectarray antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is assumed to be invariant along the width, W, of the patch. Furthermore, it is assumed that the antenna's radiation comes from fields leaking out along the width, or radiating edges, of the antenna. Slot I Patch Slot 2 Ground Plane RADIATING PATCH... conductance for a single slot [9], as illustrated in Figure 5, is given as W /20K, Similarly, the radiation susceptance of a single, slot [9] is given as, k, hl je, Z, (2a) where, 120 ttr Z, = W Jc, (2b) with c, = " + " [I+12r/W] " 2'2 (2c) c?+0...

Javor, Ronald David

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Radiation Pattern Reconstruction Techniques for Antenna Measurement using Chebyshev Polynomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new method of antenna radiation pattern reconstruction using Chebyshev polynomials was presented in this paper. The analysis starts from the data measured in the frequency domain, and it corresponds to a direct propagating between two antennas and reflected propagating waves from the copper plate. The accuracy of this technique is evaluated at the frequency of 3.35GHz by the anechoic conditions. As a result, the Chebyshev method shows us a good performance in the E-plane in the range of -70{\\deg} ~0{\\deg}.

Zhou Du; Minwook Kwon; Dongsun Choi; Jinhwan Koh

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

142

Superconducting cavity transducer for resonant gravitational radiation antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric transducers, such as superconducting rf cavities, can boost the bandwidth and sensitivity of the next generation resonant antennas, thanks to a readily available technology. We have developed a fully coupled dynamic model of the system "antenna--transducer" and worked out some estimates of signal--to--noise ratio and the stability conditions in various experimental configurations. We also show the design and the prototype of a rf cavity which, together with a suitable read--out electronic, will be used as a test bench for the parametric transducer.

R. Ballantini; M. Bassan; A. Chincarini; G. Gemme; R. Parodi; R. Vaccarone

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Improved Precision Measurement of the Casimir Force Using Gold Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report an improved precision measurement of the Casimir force using metallic gold surfaces. The force is measured between a large gold coated sphere and flat plate using an Atomic Force Microscope. The use of gold surfaces removes some theoretical uncertainties in the interpretation of the measurement. The forces are also measured at smaller surface separations. The complete dielectric spectrum of the metal is used in the comparison of theory to the experiment. The average statistical precision remains at the same 1% of the forces measured at the closest separation. These results should lead to the development of stronger constraints on hypothetical forces.

B. W. Harris; F. Chen; U. Mohideen

2000-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

144

Surface contamination effects on resistance of gold nanowires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold nanowires were patterned with e-beam lithography and fabricated with a gold film deposited by e-beam evaporation. The resistances of these wires were measured and found to be nonlinear with respect to surface area/volume. With x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, carbon and oxygen contaminants in the forms of C, C-O-C, and C=O were found adsorbed on the gold surface. This contamination adsorbed on the surface may lead to increased resistance of nanowires.

Lilley, Carmen M.; Huang, Qiaojian [Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, 842 W. Taylor Street (MC 251), Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States)

2006-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

145

Development of horn antenna mixer array with internal local oscillator module for microwave imaging diagnostics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new antenna array is proposed in order to improve the sensitivity and complexity of microwave imaging diagnostics systems such as a microwave imaging reflectometry, a microwave imaging interferometer, and an electron cyclotron emission imaging. The antenna array consists of five elements: a horn antenna, a waveguide-to-microstrip line transition, a mixer, a local oscillation (LO) module, and an intermediate frequency amplifier. By using an LO module, the LO optics can be removed, and the supplied LO power to each element can be equalized. We report details of the antenna array and characteristics of a prototype antenna array.

Kuwahara, D., E-mail: dkuwahar@cc.tuat.ac.jp [Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Ito, N. [Department of Intelligent System Engineering, Ube National College of Technology, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8555 (Japan); Nagayama, Y. [Department of Helical Plasma Research, National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Yoshinaga, T. [Department of Applied Physics, National Defense Academy, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-0811 (Japan); Yamaguchi, S. [Department of Pure and Applied Physics, Kansai University, Suita, Osaka 564-8680 (Japan); Yoshikawa, M.; Kohagura, J. [Graduate School of Pure and Applied Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan); Sugito, S. [Equipment Development Center, Institute for Molecular Science, Okazaki, Aichi 444-8585 (Japan); Kogi, Y. [Department of Information Electronics, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka, Fukuoka 811-0295 (Japan); Mase, A. [Art, Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Kyusyu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Adaptive MAC Protocol for UAV Communication Networks Using Directional Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adaptive MAC Protocol for UAV Communication Networks Using Directional Antennas Abdel Ilah Alshbatat and Liang Dong, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract-- Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been used inspection and range extension. Moreover, UAVs are suited for situations that are too dangerous for direct

Dong, Liang

147

Analysis and Design of a Multifunctional Spiral Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stripline and radiating spiral modes. Measured and simulated results for a probe-fed design operating from 2 GHz to over 20 GHz are in excellent agreements to illustrate the synthesis and performance of a demonstration antenna. The research in this work also...

Chen, Teng-Kai

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

148

Demo Abstract: MARVEL: Multiple Antenna based Relative Vehicle Localizer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to install especially on existing vehicles and exhibit a tradeoff between accuracy and cost. Similarly, usingDemo Abstract: MARVEL: Multiple Antenna based Relative Vehicle Localizer Dong Li , Tarun Bansal , Zhixue Lu and Prasun Sinha Department of Computer Science and Engineering The Ohio State University

Sinha, Prasun

149

ICRF coupling on TFTR using the PPL antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coupling of the PPL ICRF antenna to the TFTR plasma is experimentally measured as R{sub c}=P/I{sup 2}, where P is the net power dissipate and I is the RF current at a point in the resonant loop. The relation of R{sub c} to the equivalent antenna loading resistance is investigated using a transmission line model that includes the antenna structure and the feedthroughs. Coupling has been experimentally characterized for a variety of discharge conditions including H and {sup 3}He minority, D and {sup 4}He majority plasmas. Effects of antenna phasing, D neutral beam injection, RF power level, plasma density aned position are discussed. Distinct and reproducible eigenmodes in the loading are observed in H-minority, D-majority plasma during the density rise accompanying neutral beam injection. A 1-D wave propagation model has reproduced the general structure of the modes. For 0-{pi} toroidal phasing, the modes arise from radial reflections from both the reonance-absorption layer and the inner wall of the tokamak; for 0--0 phasing, the modes result from toroidal interference.

Greene, G.J.; Colestock, P.L.; Hosea, J.C.; Phillips, C.K.; Smithe, D.N.; Stevens, J.E.; Wilson, J.R. (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory Princeton, NJ (USA)); Gardner, W.; Hoffman, D. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A New Excitation Technique for Wideband Short Backfire Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Papapolymerou, Joy Laskar, and Manos M. Tentzeris Georgia Electronic Design Center School of Electrical the impedance bandwidth and to lower the manufacturing cost of a short backfire antenna (SBA). The new or cable connection), the cost-effectiveness of a wireless deployment is a big issue of concern. Also

Tentzeris, Manos

151

Performance Analysis of Space Diversity Steerable Beam Smart Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.in Abstract-We analyze the throughput, delay and energy efficiency perfor- mance of space diversityslotted an energy ef- ficientversion of S-ALOHA which uses a beam sensed backoff algorithmat the userterminal. We increase battery life in wirelessuser terminals. Keywords-Space diver& small antennas, S-ALOHA.energy

Chockalingam, A.

152

Design of a folding antenna-integrated micro UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Micro-UAV devices can be used for a variety of purposes. This project is concerned with the design of such a device that will be used for high altitude antenna calibration. Such a UAV requires that an omni-directional ...

Vu, My H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Automatic Radar Antenna Scan Type Recognition in Electronic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Radar Antenna Scan Type Recognition in Electronic Warfare BILLUR BARSHAN BAHAEDDIN ERAVCI in electronic warfare (EW). The stages of the algorithm are scan period estimation, preprocessing (normalization Continuous-wave EW Electronic warfare EM Electromagnetic LFM Linear frequency modulation DTW Dynamic time

Barshan, Billur

154

Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes Revealed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes Revealed Print The structure of liquid water has been intensely studied, but until recently, it has not been clear what happens to...

155

atomically flat gold: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Flat(Tire1) Intact(Tire1) StartFinish Inflate(Tire1 Starner, Thad E. 147 Local and global instabilities in nanosize rectangular prismatic gold specimens R.C. Batra *, A.A....

156

Impedimetric investigation of gold nanoparticles - guanine modified electrode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we report the preparation of a modified electrode with gold nanoparticles and guanine. The colloidal suspension of gold nanoparticles was obtained by Turkevich method and was next analyzed by UV-Vis spectroscopy and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The gold electrode was modified by self-assembling the gold nanoparticles with guanine, the organic molecule playing also the role of linker. The electrochemical characteristics of the bare and modified electrode were investigated by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). A theoretical model was developed based on an electrical equivalent circuit which contain solution resistance (R{sub s}), charge transfer resistance (R{sub ct}), Warburg impedance (Z{sub W}) and double layer capacitance (C{sub dl})

Vulcu, A.; Pruneanu, S.; Berghian-Grosan, C.; Olenic, L. [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Muresan, L. M. [Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Barbu-Tudoran, L. [Faculty of Biology and Geology, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [Faculty of Biology and Geology, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

157

anionic gold clusters: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with both trans and gauche conformations bound to the gold clusters at top, bridge and hollow bonding sites. Comparing our results with the experimental data of Hihath et al....

158

Optical Characterization of LipidOptical Characterization of Lipid Bilayers on Gold SurfacesBilayers on Gold Surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

East Lansing, MI Aaron J. Greiner, Angelines Castro Forero, R. Mark Worden, and Robert Y. Ofoli #12 electrochemical behavior in lipid bilayers · Optically characterize interfaces on semi-transparent gold using

159

Radiofrequency plasma antenna generated by femtosecond laser filaments in air  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate tunable radiofrequency emission from a meter-long linear plasma column produced in air at atmospheric pressure. A short-lived plasma column is initially produced by femtosecond filamentation and subsequently converted into a long-lived discharge column by application of an external high voltage field. Radiofrequency excitation is fed to the plasma by induction and detected remotely as electromagnetic radiation by a classical antenna.

Brelet, Y.; Houard, A.; Point, G.; Prade, B.; Carbonnel, J.; Andre, Y.-B.; Mysyrowicz, A. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee, ENSTA ParisTech, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, 91761 Palaiseau (France); Arantchouk, L. [Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, Palaiseau (France); Pellet, M. [Etat-major de la Marine Nationale, Paris (France)

2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

160

Antenna-coupled high T[sub c] superconducting microbolometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device is provided for measuring radiant energy, the device comprising a substrate; a bolometer formed from a high T[sub c] superconducting material disposed on the substrate in an area that is about 1[times]5 [mu]m[sup 2] and about 0.02 [mu]m in depth; and a planar antenna disposed on the substrate and coupled to receive radiation and to impart the received radiation to the bolometer. 5 figs.

Hu, Q.

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Measuring Helical FCG Voltage with an Electric Field Antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of measuring the voltage produced by a helical explosive flux compression generator using a remote electric field antenna is described in detail. The diagnostic has been successfully implemented on several experiments. Measured data from the diagnostic compare favorably with voltages predicted using the code CAGEN, validating our predictive modeling tools. The measured data is important to understanding generator performance, and is measured with a low-risk, minimally intrusive approach.

White, A D; Anderson, R A; Javedani, J B; Reisman, D B; Goerz, D A; Ferriera, A J; Speer, R D

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Air Shower Measurements with the LOPES Radio Antenna Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOPES is set up at the location of the KASCADE-Grande extensive air shower experiment in Karlsruhe, Germany and aims to measure and investigate radio pulses from Extensive Air Showers. Since radio waves suffer very little attenuation, radio measurements allow the detection of very distant or highly inclined showers. These waves can be recorded day and night, and provide a bolometric measure of the leptonic shower component. LOPES is designed as a digital radio interferometer using high bandwidths and fast data processing and profits from the reconstructed air shower observables of KASCADE-Grande. The LOPES antennas are absolutely amplitude calibrated allowing to reconstruct the electric field strength which can be compared with predictions from detailed Monte Carlo simulations. We report about the analysis of correlations present in the radio signals measured by the LOPES 30 antenna array. Additionally, LOPES operates antennas of a different type (LOPES-STAR) which are optimized for an application at the Pierre Auger Observatory. Status, recent results of the data analysis and further perspectives of LOPES and the possible large scale application of this new detection technique are discussed.

A. Haungs; for the LOPES collaboration

2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

163

Miniaturized Multi-Band Antenna Design via Element Collocation and Inductive Feed Loading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a FY09 SDRD project, four separate antennas were designed to receive signals of interest covering a broad range of frequencies. While the elements exceeded specifications, the array footprint is substantial. Research performed by the CU Microwave Active Antenna Group in collaboration with RSL, showed promise in realizing a reduced structure. This work will expand upon this previous research. This project will result in a prototype quad-band antenna.

Martin, R. P.

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

164

Thomson parabola spectrometry for gold laser-generated plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The plasma generated from thin gold films irradiated in high vacuum at high intensity ({approx}10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2}) laser shot is characterized in terms of ion generation through time-of-flight techniques and Thomson parabola spectrometry. Gold ions and protons, accelerated in forward direction by the electric field developed in non-equilibrium plasma, have been investigated. Measurements, performed at PALS laboratory, give information about the gold charge states distributions, the ion energy distributions and the proton acceleration driven as a function of film thickness, laser parameters, and angular emission. The ion diagnostics of produced plasma in forward direction permits to understand some mechanisms developed during its expansion kinetics. The role of the focal position of a laser beam with respect to the target surface, plasma properties, and the possibility to accelerate protons up to energies above 3 MeV has been presented and discussed.

Torrisi, L.; Cutroneo, M.; Ando, L. [Physics Department of Messina University, V.le F. S. D'Alcontres 31, 9816 S. Agata (Italy); Ullschmied, J. [Institute of Physics, ASCR, v.v.i., 182 21 Prague 8 (Czech Republic)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna implementation system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Group Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 4 A Design of the Low Profile Tri-band Antenna for ECS application Summary: of the diplexer can achieve high...

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - adaptive antenna selection Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of phased-array and adaptive antennas has been suggested in recent years for mobile communications... , Turkey, April 1994. 13 M. Mizuno and T. Ohgane, "Application of...

167

E-Print Network 3.0 - antennae galaxies ngc Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics 2 John E. Hibbard National Radio Summary: John E. Hibbard National Radio Astronomy Observatory The Antennae Galaxies: Archetype for Colliding... Galaxies 12;The...

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - acts spacecraft antenna Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

enclosure and spacecraft, as discussed in the text... (antenna enclosure, spacecraft, solar panels, etc.). This is a short circuit to the measurement... spacecraft, which uses...

169

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna measurement facilities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The design details, radiation characteristics and measurement results of the electric... antenna for all of the ... Source: Ziolkowski, Richard W. - Department of...

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna faraday shield Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the characteristics of plasmas... for the application to the flat panel display manufacturing. The use of the double-comb-type antenna instead Source: Yeom, Geun Young -...

171

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna array printed Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

circuit antennas have been designed ... Source: Beex, A. A. "Louis" - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Virginia Tech Collection: Engineering 2 A Microstrip-Fed...

172

Thin magnetic conductor substrate for placement-immune, electrically-small antennas.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An antenna is considered to be placement-immune when the antenna operates effectively regardless of where it is placed. By building antennas on magnetic conductor materials, the radiated fields will be positively reinforced in the desired radiation direction instead of being negatively affected by the environment. Although this idea has been discussed thoroughly in theoretical research, the difficulty in building thin magnetic conductor materials necessary for in-phase field reflections prevents this technology from becoming more widespread. This project's purpose is to build and measure an electrically-small antenna on a new type of non-metallic, thin magnetic conductor. This problem has not been previously addressed because non-metallic, thin magnetic conductor materials have not yet been discovered. This work proposed the creation of an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) with in-phase field reflections without using internal electric conductors, the placement of an electrically-small antenna on this magnetic conductor, and the development of a transmit-receive system that utilizes the substrate and electrically-small antenna. By not using internal electric conductors to create the AMC, the substrate thickness can be minimized. The electrically-small antenna will demonstrate the substrate's ability to make an antenna placement immune, and the transmit-receive system combines both the antenna and the substrate while adding a third layer of system complexity to demonstrate the complete idea.

Eubanks, Travis Wayne; McDonald, Jacob J.; Loui, Hung

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna waveguide plasma Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

antenna, the TTD... by trimming the non-dispersive waveguide. Thus, at o the main ... Source: Chen, Ray - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas...

174

Microsoft Word - CX-AlveyPascoSnoh-HF-Antenna_WEB.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Roger Thomas Project Manager - TECT-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Install high frequency antennas at Bonneville...

175

Joint Routing, Scheduling And Power Control For Multihop Wireless Networks With Multiple Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of Joint Routing, Scheduling and Power-control (JRSP) problem for multihop wireless networks (MHWN) with multiple antennas. We extend the problem and a (sub-optimal) heuristic solution method for JRSP in MHWN with single antennas. We present an iterative scheme to calculate link capacities(achievable rates) in the interference environment of the network using SINR model. We then present the algorithm for solving the JRSP problem. This completes a feasible system model for MHWN when nodes have multiple antennas. We show that the gain we achieve by using multiple antennas in the network is linear both in optimal performance as well as heuristic algorithmic performance.

Vangala, Harish; Sharma, Prof Vinod

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna accessories Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Here we limit our attention to the evolution of accessory antenna... A (from heliobacte- ria), and PscA (from green sulfur bacteria). ... Source: Haig, David - Department of...

177

The Genomes OnLine Database (GOLD) v.4: status of genomic and metagenomic projects and their associated metadata  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

new   metagenome   advanced   search  option  under  the  “available.     2.  “ Advanced  Search”,  where  the  extra  in    GOLD’s  advanced  search  engine,  graphical  

Pagani, Ioanna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Interaction of amphiphilic gold nanoparticles with lipid membranes and their application to cancer radiotherapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Striped gold nanoparticles (NPs), inorganic particles protected by an amphiphilic mixed organic ligand shell, are the most recent and potent evolution of gold nanoparticle intracellular delivery vectors. Here we propose ...

Yang, Yu-Sang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - artisanal gold miners Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

their gold... 2008 JEL classification: Q30 Q38 Q56 Keywords: Artisanal mining Gold Fair Trade Participation Ghana a b... at the heart of the problems faced by ... Source:...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - abu marawat gold Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Um Balad, 3 Fatira, 4 Abu Marawat, 5 Semma, 6... - posed in the Eastern Desert of Egypt have long been known to host gold, with more than 95 occurrences so... vein gold...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Iron Oxide-Gold Core-Shell Nanoparticles and Thin-Film Assembly...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oxide-Gold Core-Shell Nanoparticles and Thin-Film Assembly. Iron Oxide-Gold Core-Shell Nanoparticles and Thin-Film Assembly. Abstract: This paper reports findings of an...

182

Rapid substitution of gold for aluminum metallization on integrated circuits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A rapid procedure for substitution of gold for aluminum metallization on integrated solid-state circuits, such as solid-state chemical multisensor chips, has been developed. The final product consists of original aluminum overlaid with nickel and gold, both deposited by an electroless process. The final metallization is chemically inert and the resistance of the contacts remains ohmic and unchanged from the original value. The substitution can be performed either at the wafer or at the chip level. After the plasma etching, the metallization process takes only 25 min.

Krasopoulos, A.V. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Li, J.; Josowicz, M.; Janata, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Method for forming gold-containing catalyst with porous structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for forming a gold-containing catalyst with porous structure according to one embodiment of the present invention includes producing a starting alloy by melting together of gold and at least one less noble metal that is selected from the group consisting of silver, copper, rhodium, palladium, and platinum; and a dealloying step comprising at least partial removal of the less noble metal by dissolving the at least one less noble metal out of the starting alloy. Additional methods and products thereof are also presented.

Biener, Juergen; Hamza, Alex V; Baeumer, Marcus; Schulz, Christian; Jurgens, Birte; Biener, Monika M.

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

184

DOI: 10.1002/cctc.201200311 Low-Temperature Chemoselective Gold-Surface-Mediated Hydrogenation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.[9] Claus found that, in the production of allyl alco- hol from the hydrogenation of acrolein, gold

Henkelman, Graeme

185

welcome to university residences Boiler Gold Rush Check-In...........................Saturday, August 13 and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

welcome to university residences #12;Boiler Gold Rush Check-In...........................Saturday, August 13 and Sunday, August 14, 2011 Boiler Gold Rush residence hall systems in the United States. weLcomE! 1 #12;Boiler GoLD Rush ParticiPants Your regular

Fernández-Juricic, Esteban

186

GoldLink Finance Account Request ETSU Office of Information Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GoldLink Finance Account Request Form ETSU Office of Information Technology 424 Roy Nicks Hall, Box _____________________________ Section 2. GoldLink Finance Departmental Account Applications. Check all that apply. Temporary employees requesting that a GoldLink Finance departmental account with the name

Karsai, Istvan

187

Stress state of diamond and gold under nonhydrostatic compression Jianghua Wang,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the polycrystalline gold under the highest load. Polycrystalline diamond can support a microscopic deviatoric stress of polycrystalline diamond and gold in the DAC under nonhydrostatic compression to above 300 GPa. The influenceStress state of diamond and gold under nonhydrostatic compression to 360 GPa Jianghua Wang,1

Duffy, Thomas S.

188

Study of anion adsorption at the gold--aqueous solution interface by atomic force microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The forces between a gold coated colloidal silica sphere and a pure gold plate have been measured in aqueous solution as a function of electrolyte concentration using an atomic force microscope (AFM). Forces in the presence of gold(III) chloride (HAuCl[sub 4]), sodium chloride, and trisodium citrate were recorded as a function of concentration. Each of these anion species is present during the formation of colloidal gold by the reduction of gold(III) chloride with trisodium citrate. In pure water the force between the gold surfaces was exclusively attractive. In sodium chloride or trisodium citrate solution a repulsive interaction was observed which is attributed to the adsorption of these anions at the gold/water interface. The observed interaction force in gold(III) chloride solution was always attractive, the surface potential never exceeding 20 mV. Data taken in aqueous solutions of citrate and chloride ions together suggested that the citrate ions were preferentially adsorbed to the surface of the gold. Addition of gold(III) chloride to the AFM liquid cell after the pre-adsorption of citrate anions caused the force of interaction to change from a repulsvie force to an attractive one initially as the gold(III) chloride was reduced to gold by the citrate anions. 33 refs., 11 figs.

Biggs, S.; Mulvaney, P.; Grieser, F. (Univ. of Melbourne (Australia)); Zukoski, C.F. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States))

1994-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

189

Blue and Gold Society Please Submit requests at least two weeks prior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blue and Gold Society Please Submit requests at least two weeks prior to your event date Today: ____________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Assistance Required Number of Blue and Gold members needed: _______ Arrival Time: __: __ Departing Time: __: __ Blue and Gold Society attire: Formal (suit) Casual (rugby shirt) Other Any Additional Information

Jiang, Huiqiang

190

Reconfigurable Microstrip Bandpass Filters, Phase Shifters Using Piezoelectric Transducers, and Beam-scanning Leaky-wave Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of switchable dual-band filters. Beam-scanning features of the antennas are very important in the radar systems. Phase shifters using piezoelectric transducers and dielectric leaky-wave antennas using metal strips are studied in the Chapters V...

Kim, Chan Ho

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

191

Design of Stripline-Fed Dual Polarization Aperture-Coupled Stacked Microstrip Patch Phased Array Antenna for Wideband Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution for various systems such as traffic control and collision avoidance radar systems. The goal of this work is to design and implement a dual-linear polarization stacked microstrip patch phased array antenna. Single stacked microstrip patch antenna...

Kim, David G.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

192

Comment on "Formation of Holes in Alkanethiol Monolayers on Gold"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microscopy (STM) images of al- kanethiolate monolayers on gold, one type of defect appears which does concentration.1 Fifth, the evolution of the holes appears to cease once the self-assembled monolayer (SAM) has the surface. They are not usually found very near existing step defects, and time-resolved STM images

Myrick, Michael Lenn

193

Enhanced radiative heat transfer between nanostructured gold plates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compute the radiative heat transfer between nanostructured gold plates in the framework of the scattering theory. We predict an enhancement of the heat transfer as we increase the depth of the corrugations while keeping the distance of closest approach fixed. We interpret this effect in terms of the evolution of plasmonic and guided modes as a function of the grating's geometry.

R. Guérout; J. Lussange; F. S. S. Rosa; J. -P. Hugonin; D. A. R. Dalvit; J. -J. Greffet; A. Lambrecht; S. Reynaud

2012-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

194

Gold Nanoparticle-Based Sensing of "Spectroscopically Silent" Heavy Metal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of aqueous heavy metal ions, including toxic metals such as lead, cadmium, and mercury, is describedLetters Gold Nanoparticle-Based Sensing of "Spectroscopically Silent" Heavy Metal Ions Youngjin Kim that by functionalizing metal nanoparticles with appropriate heavy-metal ion receptors, the particles might be coaxed

195

Dendritic functionalization of monolayer-protected gold nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the facile synthesis of nanoparticle-cored dendrimers (NCDs) and nanoparticle megamers from monolayer-protected gold clusters using either single or multi-step reactions. First, 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid/hexanethiolate-protected gold clusters were synthesized using the Schiffrin reaction followed by the ligand place-exchange reaction. A convergent approach for the synthesis of nanoparticle-cored dendrimers uses a single step reaction that is an ester coupling reaction of hydroxy-functionalized dendrons with carboxylic acid-functionalized gold clusters. A divergent approach, which is based on multi-step reactions, employs the repetition of an amide coupling reaction and a Michael addition reaction to build polyamidoamine dendritic architectures around a nanoparticle core. Nanoparticle megamers, which are large dendrimer-induced nanoparticle aggregates with an average diameter of more than 300 nm, were prepared by the amide coupling reaction between polyamiodoamine [G-2] dendrimers and carboxylic acid-functionalized gold clusters. {sup 1}H NMR spectroscopy, FT-IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used for the characterization of these hybrid nanoparticles.

Cutler, Erin C. [Department of Chemistry, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States); Lundin, Erik [Department of Chemistry, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States); Garabato, B. Davis [Department of Chemistry, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States); Choi, Daeock [Department of Chemistry, Sunchon National University, Suncheon 540-742 (Korea, Republic of); Shon, Young-Seok [Department of Chemistry, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)]. E-mail: young.shon@wku.edu

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

196

Characteristics of a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) Conformed Longitudinally Around a Cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characteristics of a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) Conformed Longitudinally Around a Linearly Tapered Slot Antenna (LTSA) conformed longitudinally around a cylinder. Measured and simulated are presented. Fig. 1: Schematic of LTSA with dimensions in cm. Fig. 2: LTSA wrapped around 90º curve. LTSA

Tentzeris, Manos

197

A Low Noise Active Integrated Antenna Receiver for Monopulse Radar Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation pattern suitable for monopulse radar applications. Simulation and measurement methodology- polarization levels has been demonstrated. An FMCW radar transceiver using a quasi-Yagi antenna array has beenA Low Noise Active Integrated Antenna Receiver for Monopulse Radar Applications Sylvia Lin, Yongxi

Itoh, Tatsuo

198

UWB RADAR IMAGING SYSTEM WITH TWO-ELEMENT RECEIVING ARRAY ANTENNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-domain focusing and imaging. Simulated and measured radar images demonstrate radar operation to map out a person considerably the level of signals scat- tered by background beyond the radar FOV. Those high-performed antennaUWB RADAR IMAGING SYSTEM WITH TWO-ELEMENT RECEIVING ARRAY ANTENNA Dmitriy L. Sostanovsky1

Southern California, University of

199

Multiple Exciton Coherence Sizes in Photosynthetic Antenna Complexes viewed by Pump-Probe Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple Exciton Coherence Sizes in Photosynthetic Antenna Complexes viewed by Pump, 1996X The pump-probe signal from the light-harvesting antenna LH2 of purple bacteria is analyzed using absorption,4,5 pump-probe,11-16 and three pulse echoes.8,17 These measurements show ultrafast energy transfer

Mukamel, Shaul

200

Scattering of terahertz radiation on a graphene-based nano-antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scattering of terahertz radiation on a graphene-based nano-antenna Ignacio Llatser, , Christian. Scattering of the terahertz radiation on a graphene-based nano-antenna is considered. Different electromagnetic models of graphene are discussed and applied to calculate extinction, scattering and absorption

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Characterization of Graphene-based Nano-antennas in the Terahertz Band  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of Graphene-based Nano-antennas in the Terahertz Band (Invited Paper) Ignacio and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 16640 Kista, Sweden Email: lemme@kth.se Abstract--Graphene communications at the nanoscale. Indeed, graphene- based nano-antennas just a few micrometers in size have been

Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

202

Antennas in the optical range will improve the efficiency of light-emitting devices.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

absorption cross-sections and quan- tum yields in photovoltaics, releasing energy efficiently from nanoscaleAntennas in the optical range will improve the efficiency of light-emitting devices. The purpose frequencies. It is hoped that optical antennas can increase the efficiency of light-matter interactions

Novotny, Lukas

203

Liquid RF Antennas, Electronics and Sensors: A Modeling Challenge Anya Traille and Manos M. Tentzeris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of metal [3]. While metallic antennas are quite effective in the air, they exhibit a sharp dielectric], while inkjet-printable batteries require the deposition of semi-liquid conductive gels. Plus, many efficiency. A conventional metal antenna placed flush into human skin will induce a surface wave within

Tentzeris, Manos

204

Optics of the BIMA/HCRO 6m antennas Erik Rosolowsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the equation given in class (r 2 \\Gamma 2Rz+(1+k)z = 0) give k and R for the optical elements. In the caseOptics of the BIMA/HCRO 6m antennas Erik Rosolowsky Establishing the Optical Parameters D. Plambeck authored a Technical Memoranda on the optics of the 1mm receiver systems of the BIMA antenna (BIMA

Backer, Don

205

Space-Time Turbo Code Using Quantized Feedback with Two Transmit Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Space-Time Turbo Code Using Quantized Feedback with Two Transmit Antennas Chi Hoon Yoo and Jae Hong-time turbo code with two transmit antennas in a quasi- static Rayleigh fading channel. The performance for the space-time turbo code. To improve the perform- ance of the space-time turbo code, we propose the new

Lee, Jae Hong

206

A Novel "Green" Inkjet-Printed Monopole Antenna Topology for Concurrent RFID and Cellular Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"green" inkjet-printed monopole antenna topology for integrated RFID-reader and cellular communicationA Novel "Green" Inkjet-Printed Monopole Antenna Topology for Concurrent RFID and Cellular Communications Zissis Konstas*(l), Konstantinos Katsibas(2) and Manos M. Tentzeris(l) (1) School of

Tentzeris, Manos

207

Self-Optimization of Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power for Dedicated Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Optimization of Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power for Dedicated Channels Abstract-- In Radio Access Networks (RAN), fixed configurations result in poor network efficiency. This sub- optimal performance present a framework for a self-optimizing RAN, which adapts Antenna Tilt and Pilot Power according

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

208

A Cavity-backed Slot Antenna with High Upper Hemisphere Efficiency for Sewer Sensor Network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the sensor network, an antenna needs to be robust, low-cost, low-profile, and easy to be integrated, a woven fiberglass composite was designed and fabricated as a RF transparent material for a manhole cover can be advantageous to improve the antenna efficiency toward upper hemisphere since it reflects

Tentzeris, Manos

209

Cite this: Lab Chip, 2013, 13, 2883 A frequency reconfigurable antenna based on digital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

microfluidics Received 26th February 2013, Accepted 28th May 2013 DOI: 10.1039/c3lc50275a www.rsc.org/loc Yasin on electrowetting based digital microfluidics to implement a frequency reconfigurable antenna operating in the X antenna, which is monolithically integrated with a microfluidic chip. This chip establishes

Cetiner, Bedri A.

210

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 51, NO. 5, MAY 2003 1 Integrated Antenna With Direct Conversion Circuitry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated Antenna With Direct Conversion Circuitry for Broad-Band Millimeter-Wave Communications Ji, and Tatsuo Itoh, Life Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A compact integrated antenna with direct quadra- ture conversion-wave circuit, direct quadrature conversion, integrated patch antenna. I. INTRODUCTION CURRENTLY, many

Itoh, Tatsuo

211

PII S0016-7037(98)00209-9 Gold solubility and speciation in hydrothermal solutions: Experimental study of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and deposition of gold in ore-forming processes. The most important ligands in hydrothermal gold-bearing soPII S0016-7037(98)00209-9 Gold solubility and speciation in hydrothermal solutions: Experimental Science Ltd 1. INTRODUCTION Field and mineralogical studies of hydrothermal gold deposits demonstrate

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

New chemistry with gold-nitrogen complexes: synthesis and characterization of tetra-, tri-, and dinuclear gold(I) amidinate complexes. Oxidative-addition to the dinuclear gold(I) amidinate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

catalyst precursors for CO oxidation on TiO2 surface reported to date (87% conversion). The dinuclear gold(I) amidinate complex with a Auâ ¦Au distance of 2.711(3) Ã is rare. To our knowledge, there is only one other example of a symmetrical dinuclear gold...

Abdou, Hanan Elsayed

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

213

Characteristics of a novel lower hybrid wave antenna for the TST-2 spherical tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new type of traveling wave antenna which excites the lower hybrid wave directly was developed. This antenna is similar to the inductively-coupled combline antenna in that only the first element of the antenna array is excited externally, and subsequent elements are excited passively by mutual coupling between adjacent elements. The main difference is that whereas the inductively-coupled combline antenna makes use of mutual inductance, the presently proposed antenna makes use of mutual capacitance. The radiating elements are located at the voltage maximum, and the electric field induced in the plasma is in the toroidal direction rather than the poloidal direction, matching the polarization of the lower hybrid wave. Optimization studies were carried out to obtain a band-pass characteristic centered around 200 MHz, and a unidirectional wavenumber spectrum with the parallel index of refraction corresponding to approximately 5. Plasma current ramp-up to 2 kA has been achieved on the TST-2 spherical tokamak with 12 kW of RF power at 200 MHz during the initial experimental period using this antenna. Further optimization studies are being performed.

Takase, Y.; Shinya, T.; Wakatsuki, T.; Ejiri, A.; Furui, H.; Hiratsuka, J.; Imamura, K.; Inada, T.; Kakuda, H.; Nakamura, K.; Nakanishi, A.; Oosako, T.; Sonehara, M.; Togashi, H.; Tsuda, S.; Tsujii, N.; Yamaguchi, T. [The University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa 277-8561 (Japan); Moeller, C. P. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA 92186 (United States)

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

214

High Brightness Plasmon-Enhanced Nanostructured Gold Photoemitters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmonic nanohole arrays are fabricated in gold thin films by focused ion beam (FIB) lithography. Subsequent heat treatment creates sub 100 nm nanometric structures including tips, rods and flakes, all localized in the nanohole array region. The combined nanohole array and nanostructured surface comprise an efficient photoemitter. High brightness photoemission is observed from this construct using photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM), following 780 nm femtosecond (fs) laser irradiation. By comparing our observables to results of finite difference time domain (FDTD) calculations, we demonstrate that photoemission from the sub-100 nm structures is enhanced in the region of propagating surface plasmons launched from the nanohole arrays. Additionally, by tuning hole diameter and separation in the nanohole array, the photoemission intensity of nanostructured photoemitters can be controlled. We observe a photoemission enhancement of over 108, relative to photoemission from the flat region of the gold substrate at laser intensities well below the ablation threshold.

Gong, Yu; Joly, Alan G.; Kong, Lingmei; El-Khoury, Patrick Z.; Hess, Wayne P.

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

Method of making gold thiolate and photochemically functionalized microcantilevers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Highly sensitive sensor platforms for the detection of specific reagents, such as chromate, gasoline and biological species, using microcantilevers and other microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) whose surfaces have been modified with photochemically attached organic monolayers, such as self-assembled monolayers (SAM), or gold-thiol surface linkage are taught. The microcantilever sensors use photochemical hydrosilylation to modify silicon surfaces and gold-thiol chemistry to modify metallic surfaces thereby enabling individual microcantilevers in multicantilever array chips to be modified separately. Terminal vinyl substituted hydrocarbons with a variety of molecular recognition sites can be attached to the surface of silicon via the photochemical hydrosilylation process. By focusing the activating UV light sequentially on selected silicon or silicon nitride hydrogen terminated surfaces and soaking or spotting selected metallic surfaces with organic thiols, sulfides, or disulfides, the microcantilevers are functionalized. The device and photochemical method are intended to be integrated into systems for detecting specific agents including chromate groundwater contamination, gasoline, and biological species.

Boiadjiev, Vassil I. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Brown, Gilbert M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Pinnaduwage, Lal A. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Thundat, Thomas G. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Bonnesen, Peter V. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Goretzki, Gudrun (Nottingham, GB) [Nottingham, GB

2009-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

216

Electron energy loss spectroscopy of gold nanoparticles on graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmon excitation decay by absorption, scattering, and hot electron transfer has been distinguished from effects induced by incident photons for gold nanoparticles on graphene monolayer using electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Gold nano-ellipses were evaporated onto lithographed graphene, which was transferred onto a silicon nitride transmission electron microscopy grid. Plasmon decay from lithographed nanoparticles measured with EELS was compared in the absence and presence of the graphene monolayer. Measured decay values compared favorably with estimated radiative and non-radiative contributions to decay in the absence of graphene. Graphene significantly enhanced low-energy plasmon decay, increasing mode width 38%, but did not affect higher energy plasmon or dark mode decay. This decay beyond expected radiative and non-radiative mechanisms was attributed to hot electron transfer, and had quantum efficiency of 20%, consistent with previous reports.

DeJarnette, Drew [Microelectronics and Photonics Graduate Program, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Roper, D. Keith, E-mail: dkroper@uark.edu [Microelectronics and Photonics Graduate Program, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States); Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 (United States)

2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

217

Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Awarded VPP Gold Star  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Our journey to safety excellence began some six (6) years ago. The task seemed ominous with 6000 plus employees ranging from administrative assistants and craftsman to research scientists and engineers. Another challenge was the geographic dispersion of work areas being as much as 50 miles apart. A core group of employees caught the vision and knew that it could be done, and it is that perseverance that has lead the INEEL to the DOE-VPP Gold Star.

218

BioGold Fuels Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarre Biomass FacilityOregon:GreatBioGold Fuels Corporation Jump

219

Field effect on digestive ripening of thiol-capped gold nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied the digestive ripening of thiol-capped gold nanoparticles under simultaneous action of electric field and reflux heating in a silicone oil bath at 130?°C, using transmission electron microscopy. Observation revealed that a polydispersed gold nanoparticle system reached the state of nearly monodispersity under the action of an electric field and the thiol-capped gold nanoparticles carried negative charges. The electric field caused the increase of the particle size for the nearly monodispersed gold nanoparticle system. The self-assembly of the nearly monodisperse gold nanoparticles under the action of an electric field of a high field intensity was observed. The gold nanoparticles tended to form self-assembled nanostructures of six-fold symmetry. This study provides a new route for system engineering to control the particle size of metallic nanoparticles by electric field and digestive ripening.

Lin, Meng-Lin; Peng, J. S.; Lee, Sanboh, E-mail: sblee@mx.nthu.edu.tw [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Yang, Fuqian [Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506 (United States)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

220

The Surface Morphology Characterization of Electroless Nickel Immersion Gold Under Bump Metallurgy (UBM) Using SEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the surface morphology characterization at each process step in electroless nickel immersion gold (ENIG) deposition using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The characterization start at initial bond pad, followed by cleaning, activation, first zincation, zinc removal, second zincation, electroless nickel and lastly immersion gold process. The result shows that the surface morphology of initial bond pad starts to change with deposition of zinc layer and further changes with deposition of nickel and gold layer.

Arshad, M. K. Md; Isa, M. N. Md; Sohiful, Z. M. A. [School of Microelectronic, Kolej Universiti Kejuruteraan Utara Malaysia (KUKUM), Blok A, Kompleks Pusat Pengajian KUKUM, Jalan Kangar-Arau, 02600 Jejawi, Perlis (Malaysia)

2007-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electrocatalysts having gold monolayers on platinum nanoparticle cores, and uses thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to gold-coated particles useful as fuel cell electrocatalysts. The particles are composed of an electrocatalytically active core at least partially encapsulated by an outer shell of gold or gold alloy. The invention more particularly relates to such particles having a noble metal-containing core, and more particularly, a platinum or platinum alloy core. In other embodiments, the invention relates to fuel cells containing these electrocatalysts and methods for generating electrical energy therefrom.

Adzic, Radoslav; Zhang, Junliang

2010-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

222

The solubility of gold in water-hydrogen sulphide vapours: An experimental study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O-H2S gas mixtures. The solubility of gold was measured in pure H2S gas and H2O-H2S gas mixtures. The following reactions are interpreted to control the solubility of gold in H2O-H2S gas mixtures: )()()()()1 by the reaction H2+S=H2S, the solubility of gold in reduced sulphur-bearing vapour is relatively high (up to 1 ppb

Barnes, Sarah-Jane

223

A new layout optimization technique for interferometric arrays and the final MWA antenna layout  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Antenna layout is an important design consideration for radio interferometers because it determines the quality of the snapshot point spread function (PSF, or array beam). This is particularly true for experiments targeting ...

Capallo, R.J.

224

Multiplexing, scheduling, and multicasting strategies for antenna arrays in wireless networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A transmitter antenna array has the ability to direct data simultaneously to multiple receivers within a wireless network, creating potential for a more integrated view of algorithmic system components. In this thesis, ...

Lopez, Michael J. (Michael John), 1972-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Propagation models for multiple-antenna systems : methodology, measurements and statistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trend in wireless communications is towards utilization of multiple antenna systems. While techniques such as beam-forming and spatial diversity have been implemented for some time, the emergence of Multiple-Input ...

Herring, Keith, 1981-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

The Study and Implementation of Electrically Small Printed Antennas for an Integrated Transceiver Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pattern characteristics. For our purposes, return loss is measured using the S11-port reflection coefficient which helps characterize how efficiently the small antenna is able to be fed. Operational bandwidth is measured as the frequency range over which...

Speer, Peter Clark

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Porcelain-coated antenna for radio-frequency driven plasma source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new porcelain-enamel coated antenna creates a clean plasma for volume or surface-conversion ion sources. The porcelain-enamel coating is hard, electrically insulating, long lasting, non fragile, and resistant to puncture by high energy ions in the plasma. Plasma and ion production using the porcelain enamel coated antenna is uncontaminated with filament or extraneous metal ions because the porcelain does not evaporate and is not sputtered into the plasma during operation. Ion beams produced using the new porcelain-enamel coated antenna are useful in ion implantation, high energy accelerators, negative, positive, or neutral beam applications, fusion, and treatment of chemical or radioactive waste for disposal. For ion implantation, the appropriate species ion beam generated with the inventive antenna will penetrate large or small, irregularly shaped conducting objects with a narrow implantation profile. 8 figs.

Leung, K.N.; Wells, R.P.; Craven, G.E.

1996-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

228

Porcelain-coated antenna for radio-frequency driven plasma source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new porcelain-enamel coated antenna creates a clean plasma for volume or surface-conversion ion sources. The porcelain-enamel coating is hard, electrically insulating, long lasting, non fragile, and resistant to puncture by high energy ions in the plasma. Plasma and ion production using the porcelain enamel coated antenna is uncontaminated with filament or extraneous metal ion because the porcelain does not evaporate and is not sputtered into the plasma during operation. Ion beams produced using the new porcelain-enamel coated antenna are useful in ion implantation, high energy accelerators, negative, positive, or neutral beam applications, fusion, and treatment of chemical or radioactive waste for disposal. For ion implantation, the appropriate species ion beam generated with the inventive antenna will penetrate large or small, irregularly shaped conducting objects with a narrow implantation profile.

Leung, Ka-Ngo (Hercules, CA); Wells, Russell P. (Kensington, CA); Craven, Glen E. (Fremont, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Integrated Algorithms and Multiple Antenna Techniques for Direction of Arrival (DOA) Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this dissertation, we design and develop a novel direction-of-arrival (DOA) finding system. We investigate the problems of DOA finding using canonical and crystallographic antenna array structures, develop a novel integrated algorithm consisting...

Xia, Zhenchun

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna positioning analysis Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

immersed antenna A Aanesland1,2 , C Charles1,3 , R W Boswell1 and Fredriksen2 1 Plasma Research... .iop.orgPSST1285 Abstract A plasma source excited by a double saddle...

231

Mid-Infrared Single-Photon Detection Using Superconducting Nanowires Integrated with Nano-Antennae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present some major challenges of mid-infrared superconducting nanowire single-photon detector technology and our device design with nano-antenna integration to address these challenges.

Berggren, Karl K.

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - antenna development project Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ultrahigh energy cosmic neutrino (UHEC... for this project design is the 3D cad program Solid works office premium 2006 developed in the United States... OF ANTENNA The method of...

233

Dual-band beam scanning reflectarrays and novel wideband and polarization diversified planar antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reflectarray antenna has been considered as a suitable candidate to replace the traditional parabolic reflectors because of its high-gain and low-profile features. Beam scanning capability and multi-band operation are the current trends...

Hsu, Shih-Hsun

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

Antenna Beam Steering For Wireless Sensors Using Real Time Phase Shifter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As part of the increasing demand for accurate, secure and robust short range wireless sensors for Smart Grid systems, we present the design and the simulation of phased array transmitter with variable delay based phase shifters. Multiple antennas...

Saha, S.; Unnikrishna, U.; Khanna, P.; Al-Attar, T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A kinetic and adsorption study of CO oxidation over unsupported fine gold powder and over gold supported on titanium dioxide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The catalytic oxidation of CO with O{sub 2} and adsorption of CO{sub 2} and O{sub 2} on Au deposited on TiO{sub 2} (AuTiO{sub 2}, mean diameter of gold particles 3.5 nm), TiO{sub 2}, and unsupported Au powder (mean diameter 76 nm) have been investigated by using a closed recirculation reaction system. The catalytic oxidation of CO with O{sub 2} on Au/TiO{sub 2} measured at 253--293 K proceeded very rapidly. In the same temperature range, fine gold powder was catalytically active, while TiO{sub 2} alone was entirely inactive for the oxidation. The rate constant of CO oxidation per unit of surface area of gold was larger by two orders of magnitude for Au/TiO{sub 2} than for Au powder. Adsorption of CO and CO{sub 2} occurred almost instantaneously and reversibly on preoxidized Au/TiO{sub 2}, whereas a slow increase in the O{sub 2} pressure was observed at 273 K in the absence of evacuation. A similar increase of O{sub 2} pressure was observed from oxidized TiO{sub 2}, but Au powder did not show any increase. The increase was ascribed to the desorption of weakly adsorbed O{sub 2} on the support surface of Au/TiO{sub 2}. The rate of reduction of preoxidized Au/TiO{sub 2} with CO almost corresponded to the increase in the O{sub 2} pressure and was far smaller than the rate of the catalytic oxidation of CO with O{sub 2} on the catalyst, indicating that molecular oxygen weakly adsorbed on the support surface of Au/TiO{sub 2} contributes only partly to the catalytic oxidation of CO. During the oxidation, O{sub 2} in the gas phase may be directly activated on the surface of deposited gold particles and/or on the very narrow perimeter interface between the gold and the support.

Iizuka, Yasuo; Tode, Toshihisa; Takao, Toshiaki; Yatsu, Kenichiro; Takeuchi, Toshiaki; Tsubota, Susumu; Haruta, Masatake

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Do Investors Forecast Fat Firms? Evidence from the Gold Mining Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cantly increasing in p . g H. Royalty Payments Sometimesdelegate the mining) demand royalties for gold extraction.A linear royalty schedule (whether on units, revenues, or

Borenstein, Severin; Farrell, Joseph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

E-Print Network 3.0 - awarded gold crystal Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Name ABDUS SALAM INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR THEORETICAL PHYSICS DIRAC MEDAL 10 Summary: OF RADIOLOGY ACR GOLD MEDAL AWARD 10 AMERICAN COLLEGE OF RHEUMATOLOGY AMGEN PEDIATRIC...

238

E-Print Network 3.0 - announces gold medalists Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of 62 Auditorium University of Rochester Medical Center Summary: Medal of the Society for Pediatric Radiology and a 2004 Gold Medalists of the American Roentgen Ray... of added...

239

E-Print Network 3.0 - assembled gold nanoparticles Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Assemblies Young Sun Nolan C. Harris Ching-Hwa Kiang Received: 6 February... 2007 Abstract We review recent work on DNA-linked gold nanoparticle assemblies. The...

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - alluvial gold placers Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Databases and Resources ; Environmental Sciences and Ecology 7 Oil and Gas Exploration Summary: in 1996 and should add about 400,000 oz of gold to Nevada's annual...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomic gold junction Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, VOL. 13, NO. 2, JUNE 2003 Novel In-Situ Fabricated Josephson Junctions Summary: the insulator and gold contacts are added. (d) Schematics...

242

Stable Isotopes (O, H, and S) in the Muteh Gold Deposit, Golpaygan Area, Iran  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Muteh gold district with nine gold deposits is located in the Sanandaj-Sirjan metamorphic zone. Gold mineralization occurs in a pre-Permian complex which mainly consists of green schists, meta-volcanics, and gneiss rocks. Shear zones are the host of gold mineralization. Gold paragenesis minerals include pyrite, chalcopyrite, pyrrhotite, and secondary minerals. Pyrites occur as pre-, syn-, and post-metamorphism minerals. To determine the source of the ore-bearing fluids, fifty samples were selected for petrographical and stable isotope studies. The mean values of 12.4 per mille , and -42 per mille for {delta}{sup 18}O and {delta}D isotopes, respectively, and a mean value of 7.75 per mille of calculated fractionation factors for {delta}{sup 18}O H{sub 2}O, from quartz veins indicate that metamorphic host rocks are the most important source for the fluids and gold mineralization. Three generations of pyrite can be distinguished showing a wide range of {delta}{sup 34}S. Gold mineralization is closely associated with intense hydrothermal alteration along the ductile shear zones. The characteristics of the gold mineralization in the study area are similar to those of orogenic gold deposits elsewhere.

Abdollahi, M. J. [Shahid Bahonar University, Department of Geology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)], E-mail: kmgbkh@gmail.com; Karimpour, M. H. [Ferdousi University, Department of Geology (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Kheradmand, A. [Shahid Bahonar University, Department of Geology (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zarasvandi, A. R. [Shahid Chamran University, Department of Geology (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

E-Print Network 3.0 - artisanal gold shops Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

prices India... India's gold imports jump in Nov India Govt to enhance investment in coal ... Source: Rock, Chris - Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University...

244

Microsoft Word - CX-Rogue-GoldBeach-DisconnectSwitch-FY13_WEB...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Gregory L Vassallo Electical Engineer - TPCV-ALVEY Proposed Action: Rogue-Gold Beach No. 2 disconnect switch replacement...

245

Hybrid integrated active antennas, voltage-controlled oscillators and switchable & tunable CPW-slotline filters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYBRID INTEGRATED ACTIVE ANTENNAS, VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS AND SWITCHABLE & TUNABLE CPW-SLOTLINE FILTERS A Thesis by JULIO ANGEL NAVARRO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering HYBRID INTEGRATED ACTIVE ANTENNAS, VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS AND SWITCHABLE 2 TUNABLE CPW-SLOTLINE FILTERS A Thesis by JULIO ANGEL NAVARRO...

Navarro, Julio A

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

COMBINED FLUORESCENT AND GOLD PROBES FOR MICROSCOPIC AND MORPHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanogold{reg_sign}, a gold cluster with a core of gold atoms 1.4 nm in diameter, has proven to be a superior probe label for electron microscopy (EM), giving both higher labeling density and improved access to previously hindered or restricted antigens. It may be visualized by autometallography (AMG) for use in light microscopy (LM): silver-and gold-amplified Nanogold detection has proven to be one of the most sensitive methods available for the detection of low copy number targets such as viral DNA in cells and tissue specimens. AMG enhancement has also made Nanogold an effective detection label in blots and gels. The following protocols will be described: Labeling of nuclear components in cells. Protocol for in situ hybridization and detection with fluorescein-Nanogold--or Cy3{trademark}-Nanogold-labeled streptavidin. Nanogold is an inert molecule, and generally does not interact with biological molecules unless a specific chemical reactivity is introduced into the molecule. Conjugates are prepared using site-specific chemical conjugation through reactive chemical functionalities introduced during Nanogold preparation, which allows the gold label to be attached to a specific site on the conjugate biomolecule. For example, a maleimido-Nanogold derivative, which is specific for thiol binding, is frequently attached to the hinge region of an antibody at a unique thiol site generated by selective reduction of a hinge disulfide. This site is remote from the antigen combining region, and the Nanogold, therefore, does not compromise target binding. Nanogold may also be prepared with specific reactivity towards amines or other unique chemical groups. This mode of attachment enables the preparation of probes labeled with both Nanogold and fluorescent labels. Different chemical reactivities are used to attach the Nanogold and the fluorescent groups to different sites in the conjugate biomolecule, as shown in Figure 7.1. In this manner, the two labels are spaced sufficiently far apart that fluorescent resonance energy transfer does not quench the fluorescent signal, and the probes may be used to label specimens for fluorescent and EM observation in a single staining procedure. This reduces the complexity of the staining procedure, allowing less specimen perturbation, and also enables a higher degree of correlation between the fluorescence and EM localization of the target, thus increasing the usefulness of the complementary data sets. Since gold and fluorescent-labeled probes are often used at different concentrations under different conditions, optimum procedures for the use of fluorescent and gold probes may entail some degree of compromise between the most appropriate conditions for the two types of probes. However, the chemical stability of the Nanogold label means that it is generally stable to a wide range of use conditions, and the following protocols have been found to be effective for labeling specimens with combined fluorescein and Nanogold-labeled antibody Fab' probes and with combined Cy3 and Nanogold-labeled streptavidin.

POWELL,R.D.HAINFELD,J.F.

2002-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

247

Tension and Systematics in the Gold06 SnIa Dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Gold06 SnIa dataset recently released in astro-ph/0611572 consists of five distinct subsets defined by the group or instrument that discovered and analyzed the corresponding data. These subsets are: the SNLS subset (47 SnIa), the HST subset (30 SnIa), the HZSST subset (41 SnIa), the SCP subset (26 SnIa) and the Low Redshift (LR) subset (38 SnIa). These subsets sum up to the 182 SnIa of the Gold06 dataset. We use Monte-Carlo simulations to study the statistical consistency of each one of the above subsets with the full Gold06 dataset. In particular, we compare the best fit $w(z)$ parameters (w_0,w_1) obtained by subtracting each one of the above subsets from the Gold06 dataset (subset truncation), with the corresponding best fit parameters (w^r_0,w^r_1) obtained by subtracting the same number of randomly selected SnIa from the same redshift range of the Gold06 dataset (random truncation). We find that the probability for (w^r_0,w^r_1)=(w_0,w_1) is large for the Gold06 minus SCP (Gold06-SCP) truncation but is less than 5% for the Gold06-SNLS, Gold06-HZSST and Gold06-HST truncations. This result implies that the Gold06 dataset is not statistically homogeneous. By comparing the values of the best fit (w_0,w_1) for each subset truncation we find that the tension among subsets is such that the SNLS and HST subsets are statistically consistent with each other and `pull' towards LCDM (w_0=-1,w_1=0) while the HZSST subset is statistically distinct and strongly `pulls' towards a varying w(z) crossing the line $w=-1$ from below (w_00). We also isolate six SnIa that are mostly responsible for this behavior of the HZSST subset.

S. Nesseris; L. Perivolaropoulos

2007-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

248

Fabrication of gold nanostructures through pulsed laser interference patterning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this Letter, we report on the experimental development and computational modeling of a simple, one-step method for the fabrication of diverse 2D and 3D periodic nanostructures derived from gold films on silicon substrates and over areas spanning 1?cm{sup 2}. These nanostructures can be patterned on films of thickness ranging from 50?nm to 500?nm with pulsed interfering laser beams. A finite volume-based inhomogeneous multiphase model of the process shows reasonable agreement with the experimentally obtained topographies and provides insights on the flow physics including normal and radial expansion that results in peeling of film from the substrate.

Yuan, Dajun, E-mail: dajun.yuan@gmail.com; Acharya, Ranadip, E-mail: racharya@gatech.edu [Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)] [Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Das, Suman, E-mail: sumandas@gatech.edu [Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States) [Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

249

Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films Print

250

Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films PrintGuided

251

Guided Self-Assembly of Gold Thin Films  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky LearningGetGraphene'sEMSLonly) |Guided Self-Assembly of Gold

252

Gold River, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to: navigation,GigaCreteInformation| OpenEnergyofGoatGobGold

253

Molecular Structure of Water at Gold Electrodes Revealed  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8Mistakes toMolecular Structure of Water at Gold

254

Characterization and performance of a field aligned ion cyclotron range of frequency antenna in Alcator C-Mod  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) heating is expected to provide auxiliary heating for ITER and future fusion reactors where high Z metallic plasma facing components (PFCs) are being considered. Impurity contamination linked to ICRF antenna operation remains a major challenge particularly for devices with high Z metallic PFCs. Here, we report on an experimental investigation to test whether a field aligned (FA) antenna can reduce impurity contamination and impurity sources. We compare the modification of the scrape of layer (SOL) plasma potential of the FA antenna to a conventional, toroidally aligned (TA) antenna, in order to explore the underlying physics governing impurity contamination linked to ICRF heating. The FA antenna is a 4-strap ICRF antenna where the current straps and antenna enclosure sides are perpendicular to the total magnetic field while the Faraday screen rods are parallel to the total magnetic field. In principle, alignment with respect to the total magnetic field minimizes integrated E|| (electric field along a magnetic field line) via symmetry. A finite element method RF antenna model coupled to a cold plasma model verifies that the integrated E|| should be reduced for all antenna phases. Monopole phasing in particular is expected to have the lowest integrated E||. Consistent with expectations, we observed that the impurity contamination and impurity source at the FA antenna are reduced compared to the TA antenna. In both L and H-mode discharges, the radiated power is 20%–30% lower for a FA-antenna heated discharge than a discharge heated with the TA-antennas. However, inconsistent with expectations, we observe RF induced plasma potentials (via gas-puff imaging and emissive probes to be nearly identical for FA and TA antennas when operated in dipole phasing). Moreover, the highest levels of RF-induced plasma potentials are observed using monopole phasing with the FA antenna. Thus, while impurity contamination and sources are indeed reduced with the FA antenna configuration, the mechanism determining the SOL plasma potential in the presence of ICRF and its impact on impurity contamination and sources remains to be understood.

Wukitch, S. J.; Garrett, M. L.; Ochoukov, R.; Terry, J. L.; Hubbard, A.; Labombard, B.; Lau, C.; Lin, Y.; Lipschultz, B.; Miller, D.; Reinke, M. L.; Whyte, D. [MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Collaboration: Alcator C-Mod Team

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Molecularly Resolved Images of Peptide-Functionalized Gold Surfaces by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecularly Resolved Images of Peptide-Functionalized Gold Surfaces by Scanning Tunneling propargylglycine unnatural functional groups 20 Å apart and an alkanethiol self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on a gold-terminated surfaces were imaged by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) using a low tunneling current of 10 p

Webb, Lauren J.

256

Hydroxyalkyl phosphine gold complexes for use as diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals and method of making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A complex and method for making a diagnostic or therapeutic pharmaceutical includes a ligand comprising at least one hydroxyalkyl phosphine donor group bound to a gold atom to form a gold-ligand complex that is stable in aqueous solutions containing oxygen, serum and other body fluids. 20 figs.

Katti, K.V.; Berning, D.E.; Volkert, W.A.; Ketring, A.R.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Synthesis and characterization of mixed monolayer protected gold nanorods and their Raman activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Gold nanorods surface functionalization. - Highlights: • Mixed monolayer protected gold nanorods. • Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. • HS-(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}-NHCO-coumarin as a Raman active compound. - Abstract: The cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) gold nanorods (AuNRs) were prepared by seed-mediated route followed by the addition of a Raman active compound (HS-(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}-NHCO-coumarin) on the gold nanorods surfaces. Different stoichiometric mixtures of HS-(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}-NHCO-coumarin and HS-PEG-(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}COOH were evaluated for their Raman activities. The lowest stoichiometric ratio HS-(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}-NHCO-coumarin adsorbed on gold nanorods surface was detected and enhanced by Raman spectroscopy. The produced mixed monolayer protected gold nanorods were characterized by UV-vis spectrometer for optical properties, transmission electron microscope (TEM) for structural properties (shape and aspect ratio) and their zeta potentials (charges) were obtained from ZetaSizer to determine the stability of the produced mixed monolayer protected gold nanorods. The Raman results showed a surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) enhancement at the lowest stoichiometric ratio of 1% HS-(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}-NHCO-coumarin compared to high ratio of 50% HS-(CH{sub 2}){sub 11}-NHCO-coumarin on the surface of gold nanorods.

Mlambo, Mbuso [Molecular Science Institute, School of Chemistry, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits 2050 (South Africa); Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Advanced Materials Division, Mintek, Private Bag X3015, Randburg 2125 (South Africa); Mdluli, Phumlani S.; Shumbula, Poslet; Mpelane, Siyasanga [Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Advanced Materials Division, Mintek, Private Bag X3015, Randburg 2125 (South Africa); Moloto, Nosipho, E-mail: Nosipho.Moloto@wits.ac.za [Molecular Science Institute, School of Chemistry, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits 2050 (South Africa); Skepu, Amanda; Tshikhudo, Robert [Nanotechnology Innovation Centre, Advanced Materials Division, Mintek, Private Bag X3015, Randburg 2125 (South Africa)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic investigations of luminescent heterobimetallic gold(I)-Rhodium(I) species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel, three-coordinate gold(I) dimer, Au2(tfepm)3Cl2 (la, lb), was synthesized and structurally characterized. Four gold(I)-rhodium(I) heterobimetallic complexes, AuIRh'(tBuNC)2(-dppm)2C12 (2), Au'Rh'(tBuNC)2(u-dmpm)2Cl2 ...

Dempsey, Jillian Lee

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Gold discovery may have industry applications Lovley's lab has previously pub-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a hydrothermal vent, where dissolved gold can some- times be found. The team wanted to see what would happen in solution in some thermal springs, and hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor," Lovley said. "The problem are waste streams from gold processing where this same reduction process might work on a larger scale

Lovley, Derek

260

SERS-Coded Gold Nanorods as a Multifunctional Platform for Densely Multiplexed Near-Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SERS-Coded Gold Nanorods as a Multifunctional Platform for Densely Multiplexed Near-Infrared. In this work, we show that the near-infrared plasmon resonance of gold nanorods (NRs) may be exploited in the near-infrared, a spectral multiplexing density over an order of magnitude greater than attainable

Bhatia, Sangeeta

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

NANO EXPRESS Open Access Resonant frequency of gold/polycarbonate hybrid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANO EXPRESS Open Access Resonant frequency of gold/polycarbonate hybrid nano resonators fabricated on plastics via nano-transfer printing Edward Dechaumphai1 , Zhao Zhang1 , Nathan P Siwak2,3 , Reza Ghodssi2,3 , Teng Li1,4* Abstract We report the fabrication of gold/polycarbonate (Au/PC) hybrid nano resonators

Li, Teng

262

Mercury Contamination from Hydraulic Placer-Gold Mining in the Dutch Flat Mining  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

179 Mercury Contamination from Hydraulic Placer-Gold Mining in the Dutch Flat Mining District, California By Michael P. Hunerlach, James J. Rytuba, and Charles N. Alpers ABSTRACT Mercury contamination mercury (quicksilver) was used extensively for the recovery of gold at both placer and hardrock mines

263

Hydroxyalkyl phosphine gold complexes for use as diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals and method of making same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A complex and method for making same for use as a diagnostic or therapeutic pharmaceutical includes a ligand comprising at least one hydroxyalkyl phosphine donor group bound to a gold atom to form a gold-ligand complex that is stable in aqueous solutions containing oxygen, serum and other body fluids.

Katti, Kattesh V. (Columbia, MO); Berning, Douglas E. (Columbia, MO); Volkert, Wynn A. (Columbia, MO); Ketring, Alan R. (Columbia, MO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Polyaniline nanowires-gold nanoparticles hybrid network based chemiresistive hydrogen sulfide sensor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polyaniline nanowires-gold nanoparticles hybrid network based chemiresistive hydrogen sulfide for hydrogen sulfide detection and quantification using polyaniline nanowires-gold nanoparticles hybrid network.1063/1.3070237 Hydrogen sulfide H2S is a toxic, corrosive, and inflam- mable gas produced in sewage, coal mines, oil

265

Microfabrication-Compatible Nanoporous Gold Foams as Biomaterials for Drug Delivery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfabrication-Compatible Nanoporous Gold Foams as Biomaterials for Drug Delivery Erkin Seker different samples: (i) 12 mm-diameter circular plain glass cover slips; (ii) 5 mm-diameter gold spots patterned on the glass cover slips; (iii) 5 mm-diameter np-Au spots patterned on the glass cover slips

Seker, Erkin

266

Gold Provenance Studies for Romanian Archaeological Objects Using Micro-SR-XRF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies by Synchrotron Radiation--X-Ray Fluorescence (SR-XRF) for the search of the presence of trace elements like Sb, Sn, Te and Pb in archaeological metallic objects found on the territory of Romania--old coins and Bronze Age jewelry, aimed to determine the provenance of the gold used in their manufacture. The results are compared with the detailed elemental composition of alluvial or primary gold samples, obtained by the same technique. This work attempted to establish the origin of the gold used for the mint of two different types of koson coins. We found that the kosons with monogram are made of refined gold, while the one used for the kosons without monogram is mainly alluvial. The gold used in the manufacture of the Calarasi Vulchitrun-type disk and the Tauteu hair ring is also of alluvial origin.

Vasilescu, Angela; Constantinescu, Bogdan; Bugoi, Roxana [Department of Applied Nuclear Physics, Horia Hulubei National Institute of Nuclear Physics and Engineering, P O Box MG-6, Bucharest, Magurele 077125 (Romania); Radtke, Martin; Reinholz, Uwe [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Richard - Willstaetter Strasse 11, Berlin, D- 12489 (Germany); Simon, Rolf [Institute for Synchrotron Radiation, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Eggenstein, D-76344 (Germany)

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

267

Effect of Gold Marker Seeds on Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of the Prostate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Magnetic resonance stereoscopic imaging (MRSI) of the prostate is an emerging technique that may enhance targeting and assessment in radiotherapy. Current practices in radiotherapy invariably involve image guidance. Gold seed fiducial markers are often used to perform daily prostate localization. If MRSI is to be used in targeting prostate cancer and therapy assessment, the impact of gold seeds on MRSI must be investigated. The purpose of this study was to quantify the effects of gold seeds on the quality of MRSI data acquired in phantom experiments. Methods and Materials: A cylindrical plastic phantom with a spherical cavity 10 centimeters in diameter wss filled with water solution containing choline, creatine, and citrate. A gold seed fiducial marker was put near the center of the phantom mounted on a plastic stem. Spectra were acquired at 1.5 Tesla by use of a clinical MRSI sequence. The ratios of choline + creatine to citrate (CC/Ci) were compared in the presence and absence of gold seeds. Spectra in the vicinity of the gold seed were analyzed. Results: The maximum coefficient of variation of CC/Ci induced by the gold seed was found to be 10% in phantom experiments at 1.5 T. Conclusion: MRSI can be used in prostate radiotherapy in the presence of gold seed markers. Gold seeds cause small effects (in the order of the standard deviation) on the ratio of the metabolite's CC/Ci in the phantom study done on a 1.5-T scanner. It is expected that gold seed markers will have similar negligible effect on spectra from prostate patients. The maximum of 10% of variation in CC/Ci found in the phantom study also sets a limit on the threshold accuracy of CC/Ci values for deciding whether the tissue characterized by a local spectrum is considered malignant and whether it is a candidate for local boost in radiotherapy dose.

Hossain, Murshed, E-mail: Murshed.Hossain@fccc.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Schirmer, Timo [Global MR Applied Science Laboratory, GE Healthcare, Munich (Germany); Richardson, Theresa; Chen, Lili; Buyyounouski, Mark K.; Ma Changming [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Theory of Optical Leaky-Wave Antenna Integrated in a Ring Resonator for Radiation Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The integration of a leaky-wave antenna with a ring resonator is presented using analytical guided wave models. The device consists of a ring resonator fed by a directional coupler, where the ring resonator path includes a leaky-wave antenna segment. The resonator integration provides two main advantages: the high-quality factor ensures effective control of radiation intensity by controlling the resonance conditions and the efficient radiation from a leaky-wave antenna even when its length is much smaller than the propagation length of the leaky wave. We devise an analytical model of the guided wave propagation along a directional coupler and the ring resonator path including the antenna and non-radiating segments. The trade-offs regarding the quality factor of resonance and the antenna efficiency of such a design is reported in terms of the coupler parameters, leaky-wave constant and radiation length. Finally a CMOS-compatible OLWA design suitable for the ring resonator integration is designed where Silicon ...

Guclu, Caner; Capolino, Filippo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

*Corresponding author: Lilia Manach (lilia.manach@univ-rennes1.fr) PERFORMANCE OF A LOZENGE MONOPOLE ANTENNA MADE OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

embedded in composite material panels. A single ply of a dry carbon-fiber tissue with a 0.15 /sq sheet a measured gain strictly alike to that of the reference antenna up to 2.1 GHz. Keywords-- Composite materials conductive composite materials as a replacement for metals [1-3]. A patch antenna has been fabricated from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

270

IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 4, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2000 337 Effect of Antenna Separation on the Capacity of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To determine the effect of antenna correlation on the capacity of BLAST, we assume that the base stationIEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 4, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2000 337 Effect of Antenna Separation on the Capacity of BLAST in Correlated Channels Dimitry Chizhik, Farrokh Rashid-Farrokhi, Jonathan Ling, and Angel

Lozano, Angel

271

A Mechanically Stable, Low Profile, Omni-Directional Solar-Cell Integrated Antenna for Outdoor Wireless Sensor Nodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensor network standard is proposed by integrating a circular array of slot antennas with solar cells. IIA Mechanically Stable, Low Profile, Omni-Directional Solar-Cell Integrated Antenna for Outdoor Wireless Sensor Nodes T. Wu, R.L. Li, and M. M. Tentzeris School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Tentzeris, Manos

272

1268 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 5, MAY 2011 MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1268 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 5, MAY 2011 MISO Capacity with Per scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information--Per-antenna power, MISO capacity, MISO wire- less, beamforming. I. INTRODUCTION THE capacity of a MIMO wireless

Vu, Mai

273

Beamforming in Intelligent Randomly Distributed Sensor Networks using Electrically-Small Dual-Sector Antennas for Planetary Exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beamforming in Intelligent Randomly Distributed Sensor Networks using Electrically-Small Dual-Sector, an electrically small dual-sector antenna is developed which gives 100 MHz of 2:1 VSWR bandwidth from 2.61 GHz - 2 The antenna developed for each sensor is based on the electrically small inductively-loaded stacked sector

Singer, Andrew C

274

Modeling pore corrosion in normally open gold- plated copper connectors.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to model the electrical response of gold plated copper electrical contacts exposed to a mixed flowing gas stream consisting of air containing 10 ppb H{sub 2}S at 30 C and a relative humidity of 70%. This environment accelerates the attack normally observed in a light industrial environment (essentially a simplified version of the Battelle Class 2 environment). Corrosion rates were quantified by measuring the corrosion site density, size distribution, and the macroscopic electrical resistance of the aged surface as a function of exposure time. A pore corrosion numerical model was used to predict both the growth of copper sulfide corrosion product which blooms through defects in the gold layer and the resulting electrical contact resistance of the aged surface. Assumptions about the distribution of defects in the noble metal plating and the mechanism for how corrosion blooms affect electrical contact resistance were needed to complete the numerical model. Comparisons are made to the experimentally observed number density of corrosion sites, the size distribution of corrosion product blooms, and the cumulative probability distribution of the electrical contact resistance. Experimentally, the bloom site density increases as a function of time, whereas the bloom size distribution remains relatively independent of time. These two effects are included in the numerical model by adding a corrosion initiation probability proportional to the surface area along with a probability for bloom-growth extinction proportional to the corrosion product bloom volume. The cumulative probability distribution of electrical resistance becomes skewed as exposure time increases. While the electrical contact resistance increases as a function of time for a fraction of the bloom population, the median value remains relatively unchanged. In order to model this behavior, the resistance calculated for large blooms has been weighted more heavily.

Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Moffat, Harry K.; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Enos, David George; Serna, Lysle M.; Sorensen, Neil Robert

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The Hydrothermal Chemistry of Gold, Arsenic, Antimony, Mercury and Silver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comprehensive thermodynamic database based on the Helgeson-Kirkham-Flowers (HKF) equation of state was developed for metal complexes in hydrothermal systems. Because this equation of state has been shown to accurately predict standard partial molal thermodynamic properties of aqueous species at elevated temperatures and pressures, this study provides the necessary foundation for future exploration into transport and depositional processes in polymetallic ore deposits. The HKF equation of state parameters for gold, arsenic, antimony, mercury, and silver sulfide and hydroxide complexes were derived from experimental equilibrium constants using nonlinear regression calculations. In order to ensure that the resulting parameters were internally consistent, those experiments utilizing incompatible thermodynamic data were re-speciated prior to regression. Because new experimental studies were used to revise the HKF parameters for H2S0 and HS-1, those metal complexes for which HKF parameters had been previously derived were also updated. It was found that predicted thermodynamic properties of metal complexes are consistent with linear correlations between standard partial molal thermodynamic properties. This result allowed assessment of several complexes for which experimental data necessary to perform regression calculations was limited. Oxygen fugacity-temperature diagrams were calculated to illustrate how thermodynamic data improves our understanding of depositional processes. Predicted thermodynamic properties were used to investigate metal transport in Carlin-type gold deposits. Assuming a linear relationship between temperature and pressure, metals are predicted to predominantly be transported as sulfide complexes at a total aqueous sulfur concentration of 0.05 m. Also, the presence of arsenic and antimony mineral phases in the deposits are shown to restrict mineralization within a limited range of chemical conditions. Finally, at a lesser aqueous sulfur concentration of 0.01 m, host rock sulfidation can explain the origin of arsenic and antimony minerals within the paragenetic sequence.

Bessinger, Brad; Apps, John A.

2003-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

276

Design, Modeling and Numerical Analysis of Microwave and Optical Devices: The Multi-band Patch Antenna, Ultra Wideband Ring Filter and Plasmonic Waveguide Coupler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Multiband Patch Antenna, (2) Ultra- Wideband Band Pass Ring Filter and (3) Plasmonic Waveguide Coupler with High Coupling Efficiency. First, the idea of a simple frequency reconfigurable patch antenna that operates at multiband from 2 GHz to 4.5 GHz... .................................................................................................................... 3 Introduction ............................................................................................................... 3 Microstrip Antenna Fundamentals.............................................................................. 4 Feed...

Liu, Ya-Chi

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

277

High-resolution chemical imaging of gold nanoparticles using hard x-ray ptychography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We combine resonant scattering with (ptychographic) scanning coherent diffraction microscopy to determine the chemical state of gold nanoparticles with high spatial resolution. Ptychographic images of the sample are recorded for a series of energies around the gold L{sub 3} absorption edge. From these data, chemical information in the form of absorption and resonant scattering spectra is reconstructed at each location in the sample. For gold nanoparticles of about 100 nm diameter, a spatial resolution of about 20-30 nm is obtained. In the future, this microscopy approach will open the way to operando studies of heterogeneous catalysts on the nanometer scale.

Hoppe, R.; Patommel, J.; Schroer, C. G. [Institute of Structural Physics, Technische Universitaet Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany)] [Institute of Structural Physics, Technische Universitaet Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany); Reinhardt, J. [Institute of Structural Physics, Technische Universitaet Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany) [Institute of Structural Physics, Technische Universitaet Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)] [Germany; Hofmann, G.; Grunwaldt, J.-D. [Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, D-76131 Karlsruhe (Germany)] [Institute for Chemical Technology and Polymer Chemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, D-76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Damsgaard, C. D. [Center for Electron Nanoscopy and Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark)] [Center for Electron Nanoscopy and Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Wellenreuther, G.; Falkenberg, G. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)] [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

278

Application of infinite array theory to loop antennas in lossy media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering APPLICATION OF INFINITE ARRAY THEORY TO LOOP ANTENNAS IN LOSSY MEDIA A Thesis by MENG-FFNG LEE Approved as to style and content by: S. M. Wrig (Chair of Committee) R. D. Nevels (Member...APPLICATION OF INFINITE ARRAY THEORY TO LOOP ANTENNAS IN LOSSY MEDIA A Thesis by MENG-FENG LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASSAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

Lee, Meng-Feng

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The EoR Sensitivity of the 128 Antenna Murchison Widefield Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the planned antenna locations of the 128 antenna buildout of the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA), we accurately calculate its sensitivity to the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) power spectrum of redshifted 21 cm emission. Our calculation takes into account synthesis rotation, chromatic and asymmetrical baseline effects, and excludes modes that will be contaminated by foreground subtraction. With one full season of observation on two fields (900 and 700 hours), the MWA will be capable of a 14$\\sigma$ detection of the EoR signal along with slope constraints.

Beardsley, A P; Morales, M F; Arcus, W; Barnes, D; Bernardi, G; Bowman, J D; Briggs, F H; Bunton, J D; Cappallo, R J; Corey, B E; Deshpande, A; deSouza, L; Emrich, D; Gaensler, B M; Goeke, R; Greenhill, L J; Herne, D; Hewitt, J N; Johnston-Hollit, M; Kaplan, D L; Kasper, J C; Kincaid, B B; Koenig, R; Kratzenberg, E; Lonsdale, C J; Lynch, M J; McWhirter, S R; Mitchell, D A; Morgan, E; Oberoi, D; Ord, S M; Pathikulangara, J; Prabu, T; Remillard, R A; Rogers, A E E; Roshi, A; Salah, J E; Sault, R J; Shankar, N Udaya; Srivani, K S; Stevens, J; Subrahmanyan, R; Tingay, S J; Wayth, R B; Waterson, M; Webster, R L; Whitney, A R; Williams, A; Williams, C L; Wyithe, J S B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

RF-sheath heat flux estimates on Tore Supra and JET ICRF antennae. Extrapolation to ITER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

RF-sheath induced heat loads are identified from infrared thermography measurements on Tore Supra ITER-like prototype and JET A2 antennae, and are quantified by fitting thermal calculations. Using a simple scaling law assessed experimentally, the estimated heat fluxes are then extrapolated to the ITER ICRF launcher delivering 20 MW RF power for several plasma scenarios. Parallel heat fluxes up to 6.7 MW/m{sup 2} are expected very locally on ITER antenna front face. The role of edge density on operation is stressed as a trade-off between easy RF coupling and reasonable heat loads. Sources of uncertainty on the results are identified.

Colas, L.; Portafaix, C.; Goniche, M. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Jacquet, Ph. [EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Agarici, G. [Fusion for Energy, C/Josep Pla 2, E-08019 Barcelona (Spain)

2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Synthesis, characterization and assembly of the binary ligand protected gold nanoparticles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

When a gold nanoparticle is coated with two dislike ligands, the ligands selfassemble on the nanoparticle surface and the phase separation occurs based on the miscibility and the size mismatch of two ligands, and the sizes ...

Kim, Hyewon, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Catalytically active gold: The role of cluster morphology T.V. Choudhary a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

synthesis, water gas shift reaction [10,11], environmental catalysis [2,12,13] and hydrogenation reactions is sufficient to explain the reaction kinetics. # 2005 Published by Elsevier B.V. Keywords: CO oxidation; Gold

Goodman, Wayne

283

In Situ XAS Studies on the Structure of the Active Site of Supported Gold Catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold clusters supported on Al2O3 and TiO2 have been exposed to different mixtures of CO and O2. Their structure has been probed in situ using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) at the Au L3-edge. In all materials, the dominant phase during catalysis is Au0. Both samples show variations of the electronic structure of the gold clusters with changing reaction conditions as evidenced by changes in the X-ray absorption near-edge (XANES) region. These variations are caused by interaction between the gold clusters and the carbon monoxide present in the gas phase. The gold atoms remain zerovalent throughout all experiments confirming the importance of Au0 for catalytic activity.

Weiher, Norbert; Beesley, Angela M.; Tsapatsaris, Nikolaos [Molecular Materials Centre, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Sackville Street, PO Box 88, Manchester, M60 1QD (United Kingdom); Louis, Catherine; Delannoy, Laurent [Laboratoire de Reactivite de Surface, UMR 7609 CNRS, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252, Paris, Cedex 05 (France); Bokhoven, Jeroen A. van [Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland); Schroeder, Sven L. M. [Molecular Materials Centre, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Sackville Street, PO Box 88, Manchester, M60 1QD (United Kingdom); Molecular Materials Centre, School of Chemistry, Sackville Street, PO Box 88, Manchester, M60 1QD (United Kingdom)

2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

284

One-step continuous synthesis of biocompatible gold nanorods for optical coherence tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a novel one-step flow process to synthesize biocompatible gold nanorods with tunable absorption and biocompatible surface ligands. Photothermal optical coherence tomography (OCT) of human breast tissue is ...

Sebastián, Víctor

285

Gold mining and the golden rule: a challenge for producers and consumers in developing countries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

countries Saleem H. Ali University of Vermont, Rubenstein School of Environment and Natural Resources, 151 S. This is especially true since gold is eminently recyclable and is primarily used for ornamentation. However, the key

Vermont, University of

286

Effects of varying ethanol and water concentrations as a gold nanoparticle gel solvent  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Striped gold nanoparticles are unique in several of their characteristics and applications. Recent experiments have determined a new medium with which contain the nanoparticles is that of a chemical gel. The nanoparticles ...

Schaefer, Thomas Gerard

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

A gold hybrid structure as optical coupler for quantum well infrared photodetector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A hybrid structure consisting of a square lattice of gold disk arrays and an overlaying gold film is proposed as an optical coupler for a backside-illuminated quantum well infrared photodetector (QWIP). Finite difference time-domain method is used to numerically simulate the reflection spectra and the field distributions of the hybrid structure combined with the QWIP device. The results show that the electric field component perpendicular to the quantum well is strongly enhanced when the plasmonic resonant wavelength of the hybrid structure coincides with the response one of the quantum well infrared photodetector regardless of the polarization of the incident light. The effect of the diameter and thickness of an individual gold disk on the resonant wavelength is also investigated, which indicates that the localized surface plasmon also plays a role in the light coupling with the hybrid structure. The coupling efficiency can exceed 50 if the structural parameters of the gold disk arrays are well optimized.

Ding, Jiayi; Li, Qian; Jing, Youliang [National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 500 Yu Tian Road, Shanghai 200083 (China); Chen, Xiaoshuang, E-mail: xschen@mail.sitp.ac.cn; Li, Zhifeng; Li, Ning; Lu, Wei [National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 500 Yu Tian Road, Shanghai 200083 (China); Synergetic Innovation Center of Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

288

Near-Bulk Conductivity of Gold Nanowires as Nanoscale Interconnects and the Role of Atomically  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Bulk Conductivity of Gold Nanowires as Nanoscale Interconnects and the Role of Atomically, a significant portion of the chip is composed of interconnects. Besides, the engineering problems associated loss, signal degradation, interconnection delays, and other performance limitations related

Zubarev, Eugene

289

analog-conjugated hollow gold: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

with both trans and gauche conformations bound to the gold clusters at top, bridge and hollow bonding sites. Comparing our results with the experimental data of Hihath et al....

290

Art versus politics: Mike Gold, Joseph Freeman, and literary radicalism in the 1920s  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the 1920s, when there was little support for left wing writers from either the Communist Party or the broader intellectual community, literary intellectuals Mike Gold and Joseph Freeman attempted to use their writing to further the revolutionary...

Starr, Clinton Robert

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Noble Metal Catalysts for Mercury Oxidation in Utility Flue Gas: Gold, Palladium and Platinum Formulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of noble metals as catalysts for mercury oxidation in flue gas remains an area of active study. To date, field studies have focused on gold and palladium catalysts installed at pilot scale. In this article, we introduce bench-scale experimental results for gold, palladium and platinum catalysts tested in realistic simulated flue gas. Our initial results reveal some intriguing characteristics of catalytic mercury oxidation and provide insight for future research into this potentially important process.

Presto, A.A.; Granite, E.J

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Receiver Antenna Array for a Multichannel Sense-and-Avoid Radar for Small UAVs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Receiver Antenna Array for a Multichannel Sense-and-Avoid Radar for Small UAVs Jose Francisco for use in a sense-and-avoid radar for use in the Cessna C-172 and small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..10 1.1.1 Multichannel Sense-and-Avoid Radar for UAVs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...10

Kansas, University of

293

Linear Tapered Slot Antenna with Substrate Integrated Waveguide Feed Ian Wood*(1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

antennas. Several TSA types exist, the most common being linear-tapered (LTSA), Vivaldi-tapered (VTSA) The beamwidths of CWSA's are typically the smallest, followed by LTSA's and VTSA's. As one would expect, the situation is opposite for the side lobe level. As such LTSA's are an ideal compromise between beamwidth

Bornemann, Jens

294

Antenna-coupled silicon-organic hybrid integrated photonic crystal modulator for broadband electromagnetic wave detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, we design, fabricate and characterize a compact, broadband and highly sensitive integrated photonic electromagnetic field sensor based on a silicon-organic hybrid modulator driven by a bowtie antenna. The large electro-optic (EO) coefficient of organic polymer, the slow-light effects in the silicon slot photonic crystal waveguide (PCW), and the broadband field enhancement provided by the bowtie antenna, are all combined to enhance the interaction of microwaves and optical waves, enabling a high EO modulation efficiency and thus a high sensitivity. The modulator is experimentally demonstrated with a record-high effective in-device EO modulation efficiency of r33=1230pm/V. Modulation response up to 40GHz is measured, with a 3-dB bandwidth of 11GHz. The slot PCW has an interaction length of 300um, and the bowtie antenna has an area smaller than 1cm2. The bowtie antenna in the device is experimentally demonstrated to have a broadband characteristics with a central resonance frequency of 10GHz, as we...

Zhang, Xingyu; Subbaraman, Harish; Wang, Shiyi; Zhan, Qiwen; Luo, Jingdong; Jen, Alex K -Y; Chung, Chi-jui; Yan, Hai; Pan, Zeyu; Nelson, Robert L; Lee, Charles Y -C; Chen, Ray T

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION 1 A Rigorous and Efficient Analysis of 3D Printed  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION 1 A Rigorous and Efficient Analysis of 3D Printed of structures with multiple vertical strips running in multilayer environment. Index Terms-- Multilayered 3D is developed to accurately simulate 3D structures in multilayer environment [1], and to simultaneously simulate

Aksun, M. Irsadi

296

A Non-Pyramidal Rectangular-to-Trough Waveguide Transition and Pattern Reconfigurable Trough Waveguide Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electro-mechanical “cam-and-gear” mechanisms. Previous work related to the excitation of TWG and the performance of TWA topologies are limited when compared to more common antenna designs, yet they possess many desirable features that can be exploited in a...

Loizou, Loizos

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

297

Impact Behavior and Radiation Performance of a Structurally Integrated Antenna Array Conformed Around Cylindrical Bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the loads in addition to radiating or receiving electromagnetic energy [1-3]. In the present paper, one a microstrip antenna is embedded, as shown in Fig. 1(a). Sandwich construction involves two relatively dense. The presence of the core moves the facesheets away from the neutral axis, enhancing the bending resistance

Tentzeris, Manos

298

Online Lifetime-Centric Multicast Routing: for AdU Hoc Networks with Directional Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy required to maintain a tree (broadcastlmulticast) [Z], [4], [5],[6], 1141, [24], E251.Thomas: Hou*. Yi Shi*, Hanif U. Sheralit, Jeffrey E. Wieselthied *The Bradley Department of Electrical-beam directional antenna and k provisioned with limited energy. We are interested in an online muIticast routing

Hou, Y. Thomas

299

Model for energy efficiency in radio over fiber distributed indoor antenna Wi-Fi network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model for energy efficiency in radio over fiber distributed indoor antenna Wi-Fi network Yves Josse communications in indoor environments. In this paper, the power consumption and energy efficiency of a DAS using for different transmission configurations, yielding a distance- dependent energy efficiency model. In a second

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

300

Position angle of the VSOP antenna feed. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, New Mexico, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including antenna and solar panels, is shown in Fig. 1. We define a right hand coordinate system fixed about which the solar panels can be rotated. The solar panels are pointed at the Sun by rotation the source and the Sun, there are two possible orientations of the satellite and the solar panels

Groppi, Christopher

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Figure 1: ATA 42 antenna array at Hat Creek ********ADAPTIVE REAL TIME IMAGING FOR RADIO ASTRONOMY*******  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 1: ATA 42 antenna array at Hat Creek ********ADAPTIVE REAL TIME IMAGING FOR RADIO ASTRONOMY --------------------------­ · Astronomers primarily interested in astronomy. ­ Data reduction preoccupies radio astronomy specialists,f,p Bandpass( )f PolCal( )f,p Gains( )s,f,p S Beam Imager Astronomy Solver I2 ( ) )^(^, 2sVpfV - å ¹kj X Solver

Militzer, Burkhard

302

Analysis, design, and application of circularly polarized RF receiver antennas for magnetic resonance imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, an example coil will be designed for significantly improved SNR over the spine, with a minimum of added cost and complexity. The receiver antenna will be evaluated in both lab and clinical environments, with the results presented in this thesis. Further MRI...

Usey, Michael Christopher

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Improved Connectivity using Hybrid Uni/Omni-Directional Antennas in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In partial fulfillment of the requirements of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2008 Major: Electrical Engineering ii ABSTRACT Improved Connectivity using Hybrid Uni/Omni-Directional Antennas in Sensor Networks (April 2008... environments: MATLAB, Maple Design automation tools: SIMULINK, PSpice, MAX+PLUS II LEADERSHIP & ACTIVITIES Student Engineers’ Council Undergraduate Curriculum Committee, Dept. of Computer Science Computing Service Advisory Committee, Dept. of Computer...

Kwon, Ji Heon

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

304

Antenna Advancement Techniques and Integration of RFID Electronics on Organic Substrates for UHF RFID Applications in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

areas, such as item-level tracking, access control, electronic toll collection, automotive sensingAntenna Advancement Techniques and Integration of RFID Electronics on Organic Substrates for UHF RFID Applications in Automotive Sensing and Vehicle Security Li Yang, Amin Rida, Jiexin Li, and Manos M

Tentzeris, Manos

305

UHF Solar Powered Active Oscillator Antenna on Low Cost Flexible Substrate for Wireless Identification Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UHF Solar Powered Active Oscillator Antenna on Low Cost Flexible Substrate for Wireless nature of the circuit and providing operational autonomy by harvesting solar power without affecting, solar power harvesting. I. INTRODUCTION The increasing use of RFIDs and wireless sensor networks

Tentzeris, Manos

306

0.6-M ANTENNAE FOR THE AMIBA INTERFEROMETER ARRAY Patrick Koch(1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the 0.6m Cassegrain antennae. The primary and secondary mirrors are carbon fiber sandwich structures-30 and 10 m, respectively. Simulated load conditions for the mirrors show maximum rms surface errors of less topics carried out at ASIAA range from solar system to cosmology, with the staff making use of many

Koch, Patrick

307

A NEW TWO-FLARE-SHAPED UWB ANTENNA ELEMENT Anatoliy O. Boryssenko1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-related requirements, electrical, mechanical, manufacturing and cost constraints. Some authors considered historically are properly shaped and driven through direct connection to coaxial cables without balun. The antenna-3]. Unlike traditional narrowband systems, their UWB counterparts operate by employing very short electrical

Southern California, University of

308

Published in IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation Received on 26th November 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for wireless power transfer and localisation, energy harvesting circuits and nanocarbon-based gasPublished in IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation Received on 26th November 2012 Revised on 16th for the development of microwave circuits and components. Inkjet- printing technology of conductive silver

Tentzeris, Manos

309

Further Analysis of SIR-C Antenna Patterns for Radiometric Corrections: Use of New Calibration Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Further Analysis of SIR-C Antenna Patterns for Radiometric Corrections: Use of New Calibration@ukans.edu Abstract-Radiometric applications of images from the SIWX-SAR missiolns depended and depend on accurate of the radars for several modes using backscatter from the Amazon rain forest as a standard. Because the X-SAR

Kansas, University of

310

Low cost and compact active integrated antenna transceiver for system applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is presented that has a Schottky mixer diode and an FET integrated within an inverted patch antenna. The FET serves as the source for the transmitter and as the local oscillator. A 5.5 dB isotropic conversion loss at 6 GHz with a 200 MHz intermediate frequency...

Flynt, Robert Alvin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

311

IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 1 Time Reversal With MISO for Ultrawideband  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 1 Time Reversal With MISO applications. UWB multiple input­single output (MISO) is enabled by the use of the TR scheme. Two basic. Index Terms--Channel reciprocity, multiple input­single output (MISO), time reversal (TR), ultrawideband

Qiu, Robert Caiming

312

ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia , Andrea J. Goldsmith case of a MISO chan- nel is considered, where exact expressions for the ergodic capac- ity of the capacity of a MISO broadcast channel with a random beamformer is derived. However, the impact

Gesbert, David

313

Near-Infrared Photodetector Enhanced by an Open-Sleeve Dipole Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-Infrared Photodetector Enhanced by an Open- Sleeve Dipole Antenna Liang Tang, S. Ekin Kocabas-aperture-enhanced photodetector has been demonstrated at near infrared wavelengths based on this principle [6]. However, for easyITuD3.pdf #12;responsivity at near-infrared wavelengths and its compatibility with Si technology

Miller, David A. B.

314

Energy Efficient Radio Resource Management in a Coordinated Multi-Cell Distributed Antenna System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and two energy efficient radio resource management schemes are investigated; either ports can be switched - Distributed antenna systems, CoMP, HetNets, port selection, radio resource management, energy efficiency ports in LTE-A terminology). The rising energy costs and environmental concerns have led researchers

Yanikomeroglu, Halim

315

Dispersive Properties of Terminal-Loaded Dipole Antennas in UWB Link Anatoliy O. Boryssenko(1)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

schaubert@ecs.umass.edu) Introduction In this study, the effect of resistive antenna port terminations ports. #12;Numerical Results for Link Figures of Merit A Method of Moment solver is used to compute of the energy delivered at the receiver load to the energy available from the generator, (iii) time confinement

Southern California, University of

316

A broadband and high-gain metamaterial microstrip antenna Le-Wei Li,1,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

printed antennas in practice. It enjoys its advantages of low profile, simple structure, low cost refractions, there was still little progress toward practical applications.18 At microwave frequencies and fabrications, and b absorbing ma- terials for engineering and radar applications. For example, split ring

Floreano, Dario

317

Inkjet Printing of UWB Antennas on Paper Based , S. Safavi-Naeini1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This work is one step further towards the development of low-cost environment- friendly conformal printed research topic due to the ever growing demand for low cost, flexible and power-efficient broadband wireless look at the most common techniques for the fabrication of printed UWB antennas reveals

Tentzeris, Manos

318

Analysis of large reflector antennas using CSP fringe formulation and higher-order diffraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of large reflector antennas using CSP fringe formulation and higher-order diffraction- tric conductor (PEC) objects when illuminated by a Complex Source Points (CSP) beam expansion (S of a CSP-expansion illumination. In this work we discuss an application of the CSP fringe formulation

Nehorai, Arye

319

Design and Comparison Between Two General Purpose Dipole Type UHF RFID Tag Antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Department of Electrical Engineering, University, MS 38677, USA, Email: fyang@olemiss.edu, atef are show in Figures 1 and 2. The tag in Fig. 1 is a modification of a bowtie antenna and the second one on a plastic substrate, which was modelled as 0.15 mm polyethylene sheet. Tags utilize the Alien Gen2 UHF RFID

Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

320

Non-parametric Multiple-Antenna Blind Spectrum Sensing by Predicted Eigenvalue Threshold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in poor spectrum utilization. The dramatic increase in the demand for radio spectrum and the actual low (secondary user) must be aware of its radio environment and capable of detecting the licensed users, alsoNon-parametric Multiple-Antenna Blind Spectrum Sensing by Predicted Eigenvalue Threshold K. Hassan

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Special Sensor Microwave Imager and Sounder (SSMIS) Antenna Brightness Temperature Data Record (TDR)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Special Sensor Microwave Imager and Sounder (SSMIS) Antenna Brightness Temperature Data Record (TDR/NESDIS/Center for Satellite Applications and Research Contributors from: Banghua Yan (Lead), QSS/JCSDA Ninghai Sun, IMSG, Metoffice, UK Yong Han, STAR/JCSDA Mark Liu, QSS/JCSDA Distribution to: Ralph Ferrrao, STAR Tom Schott, OSD

322

EVLA Memo No. 89 The EVLA Outdoor Antenna Test Range Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

extremes. One particular task is to implement a Quality Assurance Program (QA) to monitor the manufacturing. The radiation pattern and VSWR data taken would be the core mechanism of the QA program. The second plan program for testing the numerous antenna feeds that will be fabricated over the duration of the project

Groppi, Christopher

323

Generalized Coordinated Port Selection in a Multi-Cell Distributed Antenna System using  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generalized Coordinated Port Selection in a Multi-Cell Distributed Antenna System using], coordinated port selection was shown to achieve significant performance gains. However, in the system considered therein, the ports in each cell were constrained to transmit only to user terminals (UTs

Yanikomeroglu, Halim

324

On multiple-antenna communications: signal detection, error exponent and and quality of service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 VII QUALITY-OF-SERVICE FOR A BUFFERED TRANSMIS- SION OVER FADING CHANNEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 B. Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 C...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 a. Asymptotic Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 b. Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 2. SIMO/MISO Antennas System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 E. Distortion Exponent of MIMO Block Fading Channel . . . 112 1. MIMO...

Li, Qiang

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

On multiple-antenna communications: signal detection, error exponent and and quality of service  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 VII QUALITY-OF-SERVICE FOR A BUFFERED TRANSMIS- SION OVER FADING CHANNEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 A. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 B. Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 C...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 a. Asymptotic Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 b. Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 2. SIMO/MISO Antennas System . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 E. Distortion Exponent of MIMO Block Fading Channel . . . 112 1. MIMO...

Li, Qiang

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

ECG vs. Single-Antenna System for Heartbeat Activity Dany Obeid1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECG vs. Single-Antenna System for Heartbeat Activity Detection Dany Obeid1 , Gheorghe Zaharia2 from the signals obtained with the Doppler system and compared to simultaneous ECG signals. Keywords, is validated with an electrocardiogram (ECG) signal. In addition to the installation simplicity, the proposed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

327

Enhancing the Properties of Carbon and Gold Substrates by Surface Modification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of both carbon and gold substrates are easily affected by the judicious choice of a surface modification protocol. Several such processes for altering surface composition have been published in literature. The research presented in this thesis primarily focuses on the development of on-column methods to modify carbon stationary phases used in electrochemically modulated liquid chromatography (EMLC). To this end, both porous graphitic carbon (PGC) and glassy carbon (GC) particles have been modified on-column by the electroreduction of arenediazonium salts and the oxidation of arylacetate anions (the Kolbe reaction). Once modified, the carbon stationary phases show enhanced chromatographic performance both in conventional liquid chromatographic columns and EMLC columns. Additionally, one may also exploit the creation of aryl films to by electroreduction of arenediazonium salts in the creation of nanostructured materials. The formation of mercaptobenzene film on the surface of a GC electrode provides a linking platform for the chemisorption of gold nanoparticles. After deposition of nanoparticles, the surface chemistry of the gold can be further altered by self-assembled monolayer (SAM) formation via the chemisorption of a second thiol species. Finally, the properties of gold films can be altered such that they display carbon-like behavior through the formation of benzenehexathiol (BHT) SAMs. BHT chemisorbs to the gold surface in a previously unprecedented planar fashion. Carbon and gold substrates can be chemically altered by several methodologies resulting in new surface properties. The development of modification protocols and their application in the analytical arena is considered herein.

Jennifer Anne Harnisch

2002-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

328

Structure and Function Evolution of Thiolate Monolayers on Gold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of n-alkanethiolate self-assembled monolayers on gold has blossomed in the past few years. These systems have functioned as models for common interfaces. Thiolate monolayers are ideal because they are easily modified before or after deposition. The works contained within this dissertation include interfacial characterization (inbred reflection absorption spectroscopy, ellipsometry, contact angle, scanning probe microscopy, and heterogeneous electron-transfer kinetics) and various modeling scenarios. The results of these characterizations present ground-breaking insights into the structure, function, and reproducible preparation of these monolayers. Surprisingly, three interfacial properties (electron-transfer, contact angle, and ellipsometry) were discovered to depend directly on the odd-even character of the monolayer components. Molecular modeling was utilized to investigate adlayer orientation, and suggests that these effects are adlayer structure specific. Finally, the electric force microscopy and theoretical modeling investigations of monolayer samples are presented, which show that the film dielectric constant, thickness, and dipole moment directly affect image contrast. In addition, the prospects for utilization of this emerging technique are outlined.

Grant Alvin Edwards

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

World's Largest Gold Crystal Studied at Los Alamos  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

When geologist John Rakovan needed better tools to investigate whether a dazzling 217.78-gram piece of gold was in fact the world's largest single-crystal specimen - a distinguishing factor that would not only drastically increase its market value but also provide a unique research opportunity - he traveled to Los Alamos National Laboratory's Lujan Neutron Scattering Center to peer deep inside the mineral using neutron diffractometry. Neutrons, different from other probes such as X-rays and electrons, are able to penetrate many centimeters deep into most materials. Revealing the inner structure of a crystal without destroying the sample - imperative, as this one is worth an estimated $1.5 million - would allow Rakovan and Lujan Center collaborators Sven Vogel and Heinz Nakotte to prove that this exquisite nugget, which seemed almost too perfect and too big to be real, was a single crystal and hence a creation of nature. Its owner, who lives in the United States, provided the samples to Rakovan to assess the crystallinity of four specimens, all of which had been found decades ago in Venezuela.

Vogel, Sven; Nakotte, Heinz

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

330

Closure of the Brewer Gold Mine by pit backfilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Brewer Gold Mine, located in north-central South Carolina, is implementing an innovative reclamation plan that includes backfilling the main Brewer open pit with mine waste. The primary goals of the closure are to reduce acid rock drainage and minimize or eliminate long-term operation and maintenance requirements by restoring the site property to approximate pre-mining topography. The plan calls for consolidation of approximately 200 acres of waste into approximately 20 hectares (50 acres). Much of the material to be backfilled into the pit, including spent heap leach material and waste rock, has acid-generating potential. Therefore, the backfill design integrated geochemical properties of the backfill materials with expected post-closure conditions. A prime consideration was the final position of the water table. Since mining at the site started in the early 1800`s, no records exist of the original groundwater levels. Therefore, the design incorporates a large anoxic limestone drain to control the final groundwater level. Additional amendments are to be placed in targeted areas of the backfill to maximize their utilization. A low-permeability cap system that includes a GEOSYNTHETIC clay liner has been designed to limit infiltration into the backfill.

Lewis-Russ, A.; Lupo, J.F. [Titan Environmental Corp., Englewood, CO (United States); Bronson, J.M. [Titan Environmental Corp., Tempe, AZ (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Modification of Gold Catalysis withModification of Gold Catalysis with Aluminum Phosphate for OxygenAluminum Phosphate for Oxygen--Reduction ReactionReduction Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ford Toshiba Samsung Byungwoo Park's Group #12;Scheme of Fuel Cells Load e- e- Hydrogen Methanol + Water (DMFC· Morphology of Au/AlPO4 Nanocomposite Catalyst · Oxygen Reduction Activity ­ Hydrogen Peroxide Intermediate to Gold Seoul National University Yejun Park et al. 22Byungwoo Park's Group #12;Applications of Fuel Cells

Park, Byungwoo

332

Synthesis and Characterization of Gold Clusters Ligated with 1,3-Bis(dicyclohexylphosphino)propane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this multidisciplinary study we combine chemical reduction synthesis of novel gold clusters in solution with high-resolution analytical mass spectrometry (MS) to gain insight into the composition of the gold clusters and how their size, ionic charge state and ligand substitution influences their gas-phase fragmentation pathways. Ultra small cationic gold clusters ligated with 1,3-bis(dicyclohexylphosphino)propane (DCPP) were synthesized for the first time and introduced into the gas phase using electrospray ionization (ESI). Mass-selected cluster ions were fragmented employing collision induced dissociation (CID) and the product ions were analysed using MS. The solutions were found to contain the multiply charged cationic gold clusters Au9L43+, Au13L53+, Au6L32+, Au8L32+ and Au10L42+ (L = DCPP). The gas-phase fragmentation pathways of these cluster ions were examined systematically employing CID combined with MS. In addition, CID experiments were performed on related gold clusters of the same size and ionic charge state but capped with 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane (DPPP) ligands containing phenyl functional groups at the two phosphine centers instead of cyclohexane rings. It is shown that this relatively small change in the molecular substitution of the two phosphine centers in diphosphine ligands (C6H11 versus C6H5) exerts a pronounced influence on the size of the species that are preferentially formed in solution during reduction synthesis as well as the gas-phase fragmentation channels of otherwise identical gold cluster ions. The mass spectrometry results indicate that in addition to the length of the alkyl chain between the two phosphine centers, the substituents at the phosphine centers also play a crucial role in determining the composition, size and stability of diphosphine ligated gold clusters synthesized in solution.

Johnson, Grant E.; Priest, Thomas A.; Laskin, Julia

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

The Genomes On Line Database (GOLD) in 2009: status of genomic and metagenomic projects and their associated metadata  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Genomes On Line Database (GOLD) is a comprehensive resource for centralized monitoring of genome and metagenome projects worldwide. Both complete and ongoing projects, along with their associated metadata, can be accessed in GOLD through precomputed tables and a search page. As of September 2009, GOLD contains information for more than 5800 sequencing projects, of which 1100 have been completed and their sequence data deposited in a public repository. GOLD continues to expand, moving toward the goal of providing the most comprehensive repository of metadata information related to the projects and their organisms/environments in accordance with the Minimum Information about a (Meta)Genome Sequence (MIGS/MIMS) specification.

Liolios, Konstantinos; Chen, Amy; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Tavernarakis, Nektarios; Hugenholtz, Phil; Markowitz, Victor; Kyrpides, Nikos C.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Low pumping energy mode of the "optical bars''/"optical lever" topologies of gravitational-wave antennae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ``optical bars''/``optical lever'' topologies of gravitational-wave antennae allow to obtain sensitivity better that the Standard Quantum Limit while keeping the optical pumping energy in the antenna relatively low. Element of the crucial importance in these schemes is the local meter which monitors the local test mirror position. Using cross-correlation of this meter back-action noise and its measurement noise it is possible to further decrease the optical pumping energy. In this case the pumping energy minimal value will be limited by the internal losses in the antenna only. Estimates show that for values of parameters available for contemporary and planned gravitational-wave antennae, sensitivity about one order of magnitude better than the Standard Quantum Limit can be obtained using the pumping energy about one order of magnitude smaller energy than is required in the traditional topology in order to obtain the the Standard Quantum Limit level of sensitivity.

F. Ya. Khalili

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

SiGe receiver front ends and flip-chip integrated wideband antennas for millimeter-wave passive imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SiGe wideband 77-GHz and 94-GHz front end receivers with integrated antennas for passive imaging have been designed and characterized. These front end systems exhibit wideband performance with the highest gain and lowest ...

Powell, Johnna, 1980-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Mutual Coupling Reduction between Closely Spaced U-slot Patch Antennas by Optimizing Array Configuration and its Applications in MIMO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) systems have received considerable attention over the last decade. There are some limitations when obtaining the most from MIMO,such as mutual coupling between antenna elements in an ...

Niakan, Nahal

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

337

WIDEBAND PLANAR SLOT ANTENNAS Abdelnasser A. Eldek, Atef Z. Elsherbeni, Charles E. Smith and Kai-Fong Lee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WIDEBAND PLANAR SLOT ANTENNAS Abdelnasser A. Eldek, Atef Z. Elsherbeni, Charles E. Smith and KaiM) technique for layered media. Momentum solves mixed potential integral equations (MPIE) using full wave Green

Elsherbeni, Atef Z.

338

Validation of the Electrical Properties of the ITER ICRF Antenna using Reduced-Scale Mock-Ups  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental measurements on reduced-scale mock-ups allow validating the electrical properties and RF numerical optimization of the ITER ICRF antenna. Frequency response in the different regions of the antenna is described and key parameters for performance improvement are given. Coupling is improved by acting on the front-face geometry (strap width, antenna box depth and vertical septa recess). The 4-port junction acts as a frequency filter and together with the service stub performs pre-matching in the whole frequency band. Influence of the Faraday screen on coupling is limited. The effect of voltage limitation on the maximum total radiated power is given. The importance of a good decoupling network and of grounding is emphasized. Finally the control of the antenna wave spectrum is performed by implementing feedback controlled load-resilient matching and decoupling options and control algorithms are tested.

Dumortier, Pierre; Durodie, Frederic; Grine, Djamel; Kyrytsya, Volodymyr; Louche, Fabrice; Messiaen, Andre; Vervier, Michel; Vrancken, Mark [LPP-ERM/KMS, EURATOM-Belgian State Association, CYCLE, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

339

Monte Carlo simulations of dose near a nonradioactive gold seed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The relative doses and hot/cold spot positions around a non-radioactive gold seed, irradiated by a 6 or 18 MV photon beam in water, were calculated using Monte Carlo simulation. Phase space files of 6 and 18 MV photon beams with a field size of 1x1 cm{sup 2} were generated by a Varian 21 EX linear accelerator using the EGSnrc and BEAMnrc code. The seed (1.2x1.2x3.2 mm{sup 3}) was positioned at the isocenter in a water phantom (20x20x20 cm{sup 2}) with source-to-axis distance=100 cm. For the single beam geometry, the relative doses (normalized to the dose at 5 mm distance above the isocenter) at the upstream seed surface were calculated to be 1.64 and 1.56 for the 6 and 18 MV beams respectively when the central beam axis (CAX) is parallel to the width of the seed. These doses were slightly higher than those (1.58 and 1.52 for 6 and 18 MV beams respectively) calculated when the CAX is perpendicular to the width of the seed. Compared to the relative dose profiles with the same beam geometry without the seed in the water phantom, the presence of the seed affects the dose distribution at about 3 mm distance beyond both the upstream and downstream seed surface. For a pair of opposing beams with equal and unequal beam weight, the hot and cold spots of both opposing beams were mixed. For a 360 degree photon arc around the longitudinal axis of the seed, the relative dose profile along the width of the seed was similar to that of the opposing beam pair, except the former geometry has a larger dose gradient near the seed surface. In this study, selected results from our simulation were compared to previous measurements using film dosimetry.

Chow, James C. L.; Grigorov, Grigor N. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto and Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, ON N2G 1G3 (Canada) and Department of Physics, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1 (Canada); Medical Physics Department, Grand River Regional Cancer Center, Grand River Hospital, 835 King Street West, Kitchener, ON N2G 1G3 (Canada)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

Benchmarking Exercises To Validate The Updated ELLWF GoldSim Slit Trench Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) results of the 2008 Performance Assessment (PA) (WSRC, 2008) sensitivity/uncertainty analyses conducted for the trenches located in the EArea LowLevel Waste Facility (ELLWF) were subject to review by the United States Department of Energy (U.S. DOE) Low-Level Waste Disposal Facility Federal Review Group (LFRG) (LFRG, 2008). LFRG comments were generally approving of the use of probabilistic modeling in GoldSim to support the quantitative sensitivity analysis. A recommendation was made, however, that the probabilistic models be revised and updated to bolster their defensibility. SRS committed to addressing those comments and, in response, contracted with Neptune and Company to rewrite the three GoldSim models. The initial portion of this work, development of Slit Trench (ST), Engineered Trench (ET) and Components-in-Grout (CIG) trench GoldSim models, has been completed. The work described in this report utilizes these revised models to test and evaluate the results against the 2008 PORFLOW model results. This was accomplished by first performing a rigorous code-to-code comparison of the PORFLOW and GoldSim codes and then performing a deterministic comparison of the two-dimensional (2D) unsaturated zone and three-dimensional (3D) saturated zone PORFLOW Slit Trench models against results from the one-dimensional (1D) GoldSim Slit Trench model. The results of the code-to-code comparison indicate that when the mechanisms of radioactive decay, partitioning of contaminants between solid and fluid, implementation of specific boundary conditions and the imposition of solubility controls were all tested using identical flow fields, that GoldSim and PORFLOW produce nearly identical results. It is also noted that GoldSim has an advantage over PORFLOW in that it simulates all radionuclides simultaneously - thus avoiding a potential problem as demonstrated in the Case Study (see Section 2.6). Hence, it was concluded that the follow-on work using GoldSim to develop 1D equivalent models of the PORFLOW multi-dimensional models was justified. The comparison of GoldSim 1D equivalent models to PORFLOW multi-dimensional models was made at two locations in the model domains - at the unsaturated-saturated zone interface and at the 100m point of compliance. PORFLOW model results from the 2008 PA were utilized to investigate the comparison. By making iterative adjustments to certain water flux terms in the GoldSim models it was possible to produce contaminant mass fluxes and water concentrations that were highly similar to the PORFLOW model results at the two locations where comparisons were made. Based on the ability of the GoldSim 1D trench models to produce mass flux and concentration curves that are sufficiently similar to multi-dimensional PORFLOW models for all of the evaluated radionuclides and their progeny, it is concluded that the use of the GoldSim 1D equivalent Slit and Engineered trenches models for further probabilistic sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of ELLWF trench units is justified. A revision to the original report was undertaken to correct mislabeling on the y-axes of the compliance point concentration graphs, to modify the terminology used to define the ''blended'' source term Case for the saturated zone to make it consistent with terminology used in the 2008 PA, and to make a more definitive statement regarding the justification of the use of the GoldSim 1D equivalent trench models for follow-on probabilistic sensitivity and uncertainty analysis.

Taylor, G. A.; Hiergesell, R. A.

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Electrochemical and scanning probe microscopic characterization of spontaneously adsorbed organothiolate monolayers at gold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation presented several results which add to the general knowledge base regarding organothiolates monolayer spontaneously adsorbed at gold films. Common to the body of this work is the use of voltammetric reductive resorption and variants of scanning probe microscopy to gain insight into the nature of the monolayer formation process as well as the resulting interface. The most significant result from this work is the success of using friction force microscopy to discriminate the end group orientation of monolayer chemisorbed at smooth gold surfaces with micrometer resolution (Chapter 4). The ability to detect the differences in the orientational disposition is demonstrated by the use PDMS polymer stamp to microcontact print an adlayer of n-alkanethiolate of length n in a predefine pattern onto a gold surface, followed by the solution deposition of a n-alkanethiol of n {+-} 1 to fill in the areas on the gold surface intentionally not coated by the stamping process. These two-component monolayers can be discriminated by using friction force microscopy which detects differences in friction contributed by the differences in the orientation of the terminal groups at surfaces. This success has recently led to the detection of the orientation differences at nanometer scale. Although the substrates examined in this work consisted entirely of smooth gold films, the same test can be performed on other smooth substrates and monolayer materials.

Wong, Sze-Shun Season

1999-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

342

Three-dimensional antenna coupling to core plasma in fusion devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A complete understanding of the RF physics from the launcher to the plasma core is required to fully analyze RF experiments and to evaluate the performance of RF antenna designs in ITER. This understanding requires a consistent model for the RF power launching system, propagation and absorption through the edge region, and the response of the core plasma to the RF power. As a first step toward such a model, the three-dimensional (3D) antenna modeling code, RANT3D, has been coupled with the reduced order full wave code, PICES. Preliminary results from this model are presented in this paper for parameters similar to those found in the DIII-D experiment.

Carter, M.D.; Jaeger, E.F.; Stallings, D.C.; Galambos, J.D.; Batchelor, D.B.; Wang, C.Y.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

A physical model of radiated enhancement of plasma-surrounded antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A phenomenon that the radiated power may be enhanced when an antenna is surrounded by a finite plasma shell has been found in numerical and experimental studies. In this paper, a physical model was built to express the mechanism of the radiated enhancement. In this model, the plasma shell is treated as a parallel connection of a capacitance and a conductance whose parameters change with the system parameters (plasma density, collision frequency, and antenna frequency). So, the radiated enhancement can be explained by the resonance between the plasma shell and the infinite free space. Furthermore, the effects of system parameters on the radiated power are given and effects corresponding to mechanisms are performed based on the physical model.

Gao, Xiaotian; Wang, Chunsheng, E-mail: wangcs@hit.edu.cn; Jiang, Binhao; Zhang, Zhonglin [Harbin Institute of Technology, 92 West Dazhi Street, Nan Gang District, 150001 Harbin (China)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Antenna Gain and Link Budget for Waves Carrying Orbital Angular Momentum (OAM)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper addresses the RF link budget of a communication system using unusual waves carrying an orbital angular momentum (OAM) in order to clearly analyse the fundamental changes for telecommunication applications. The study is based on a typical configuration using circular array antennas to transmit and receive OAM waves. For any value of the OAM mode order, an original asymptotic formulation of the link budget is proposed in which equivalent antenna gains and free-space losses appear. The formulations are then validated with the results of a commercial electromagnetic simulation software. By this way, we also show how our formula can help to design a system capable of superimposing several channels on the same bandwidth and the same polarisation, based on the orthogonality of the OAM. Additional losses due to the use of this degree of freedom are notably clearly calculated to quantify the benefit and drawback according to the case.

Nguyen, Duy Kevin; Sokoloff, Jérôme; Chabory, Alexandre; Palacin, Baptiste; Capet, Nicolas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A laser-induced repetitive fast neutron source applied for gold activation analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A laser-induced repetitively operated fast neutron source was developed for applications in laser-driven nuclear physics research. The developed neutron source, which has a neutron yield of approximately 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} n/pulse and can be operated up to a pulse repetition rate of 10 Hz, was applied for a gold activation analysis. Relatively strong delayed gamma spectra of the activated gold were measured at 333 keV and 355 keV, and proved the possibility of the neutron source for activation analyses. In addition, the nuclear reactions responsible for the measured gamma spectra of gold were elucidated by the 14 MeV fast neutrons resulting from the D(t,n)He{sup 4} nuclear reaction, for which the required tritium originated from the primary fusion reaction, D(d,p)T{sup 3}.

Lee, Sungman; Park, Sangsoon; Lee, Kitae; Cha, Hyungki [Quantum Optics Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Infrared dichroism of gold nanorods controlled using a magnetically addressable mesophase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gold nanorods have unique optical properties, which make them promising candidates for building nano-structured materials using a "bottom-up" strategy. We formulate stable bulk materials with anisotropic optical properties by inserting gold and iron oxide nanorods within a lamellar mesophase. Quantitative measurements of the order parameter by modelling the absorbance spectra show that the medium is macroscopically aligned in a direction defined by an external magnetic field. Under field, the system exhibits significant absorption dichroism in the infrared range, at the position of the longitudinal plasmon peak of the gold nanorods (about 1200 nm), indicating strong confinement of these particles within the water layers of the lamellar phase. This approach can yield soft and addressable optical elements.

Kostyantyn Slyusarenko; Doru Constantin; Benjamin Abécassis; Patrick Davidson; Corinne Chaéac

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

347

Bulk Gold-Catalyzed Reactions of Isocyanides, Amines, and Amine N-Oxides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bulk gold powder (5–50 ?m particles) catalyzes the reactions of isocyanides with amines and amine N-oxides to produce ureas. The reaction of n-butyl isocyanide (nBu–N?C) with di-n-propylamine and N-methylmorpholine N-oxide in acetonitrile, which was studied in the greatest detail, produced 3-butyl-1,1-dipropylurea (O?C(NHnBu)(NnPr2)) in 99% yield at 60 °C within 2 h. Sterically and electronically different isocyanides, amines, and amine N-oxides react successfully under these conditions. Detailed studies support a two-step mechanism that involves a gold-catalyzed reaction of adsorbed isocyanide with the amine N-oxide to form an isocyanate (RN?C?O), which rapidly reacts with the amine to give the urea product. These investigations show that bulk gold, despite its reputation for poor catalytic activity, is capable of catalyzing these reactions.

Klobukowski, Erik; Angelici, Robert; Woo, Keith L.

2012-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

348

Photoacoustic generation by a gold nanosphere: from the linear to the nonlinear thermoelastic regime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We theoretically investigate the photoacoustic generation by a gold nanosphere in water in the thermoelastic regime. Photoacoustic signals are predicted numerically based on the successive resolution of a thermal diffusion problem and a thermoelastic problem, taking into account the finite size of the gold nanosphere, thermoelastic and elastic properties of both water and gold, and the temperature-dependence of the thermal expansion coefficient of water. For sufficiently high illumination fluences, this temperature dependence yields a nonlinear relationship between the photoacoustic amplitude and the fluence. For nanosecond pulses in the linear regime, we show that more than $90\\ \\%$ of the emitted photoacoustic energy is generated in water, and the thickness of the generating layer around the particle scales close to the square root of the pulse duration. The amplitude of the photoacoustic waves in the linear regime are accurately predicted by the point-absorber model introduced by Calasso and Diebold, but o...

Prost, Amaury

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Charge Retention by Gold Clusters on Surfaces Prepared Using Soft Landing of Mass Selected Ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monodisperse gold clusters have been prepared on surfaces in different charge states through soft landing of mass-selected ions. Ligand-stabilized gold clusters were prepared in methanol solution by reduction of chloro(triphenylphosphine)gold(I) with borane tert-butylamine complex in the presence of 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane. Electrospray ionization was used to introduce the clusters into the gas-phase and mass-selection was employed to isolate a single ionic cluster species (Au11L53+, L = 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane) which was delivered to surfaces at well controlled kinetic energies. Using in-situ time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) it is demonstrated that the Au11L53+ cluster retains its 3+ charge state when soft landed onto the surface of a 1H,1H,2H,2H-

Johnson, Grant E.; Priest, Thomas A.; Laskin, Julia

2012-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

350

Cavity ringdown laser absorption spectroscopy and time-of-flight mass spectroscopy of jet-cooled gold silicides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bonding trends for the three coinage metal silicide diatoms. © 1995 American Institute of Physics. I. INTRODUCTION As is the case for the other coinage metal silicides, cur- rent research on gold­silicides has-cooled gold silicides J. J. Scherer,a) J. B. Paul, C. P. Collier, A. O'Keefe,b) and R. J. Saykally Department

Cohen, Ronald C.

351

A New Optically Reflective Thin Layer Electrode (ORTLE) Window: Gold on a Thin Porous Alumina Film Used to Observe the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the electrode face and a window behind it. The electrode is created by thin-film deposition of gold ontoFull Paper A New Optically Reflective Thin Layer Electrode (ORTLE) Window: Gold on a Thin Porous Alumina Film Used to Observe the Onset of Water Reduction Paul G. Miney, Maria V. Schiza, Michael L

Myrick, Michael Lenn

352

Self-Assembly of Gold Nanorods B. Nikoobakht, Z. L. Wang, and M. A. El-Sayed*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARTICLES Self-Assembly of Gold Nanorods B. Nikoobakht, Z. L. Wang, and M. A. El-Sayed*, Laser 27, 2000 Self-assembly of gold nanorods (NRs) with aspect ratio of 4.6 (12 nm in diameter and 50 and orientation symmetries of the self-assembled structures are determined. The factors affecting the formation

Wang, Zhong L.

353

Copper-free click chemistry as an emerging tool for the programmed ligation of DNA-functionalised gold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Copper-free click chemistry as an emerging tool for the programmed ligation of DNA-modified gold nanoparticles using copper-free click chemistry. Gold nanoparticles functionalized with a discrete of the copper-free, `click-ligation' method allows for its universal applicability and opens up new avenues

Zheludev, Nikolay

354

Negative nonlocal resistance in mesoscopic gold Hall bars : absence of giant spin Hall effect.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the observation of negative nonlocal resistances in multiterminal mesoscopic gold Hall bar structures whose characteristic dimensions are larger than the electron mean-free path. Our results can only be partially explained by a classical diffusive model of the nonlocal transport, and are not consistent with a recently proposed model based on spin Hall effects. Instead, our analysis suggests that a quasiballistic transport mechanism is responsible for the observed negative nonlocal resistance. Based on the sensitivity of our measurements and the spin Hall effect model, we find an upper limit for the spin Hall angle in gold of 0.023 at 4.5 K.

Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Garcia, M. A.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.; Univ. Complutense de Madrid

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Size-dependent mobility of gold nano-clusters during growth on chemically modified graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold nano-clusters were grown on chemically modified graphene by direct sputter deposition. Transmission electron microscopy of the nano-clusters on these electron-transparent substrates reveals an unusual bimodal island size distribution (ISD). A kinetic Monte Carlo model of growth incorporating a size-dependent cluster mobility rule uniquely reproduces the bimodal ISD, providing strong evidence for the mobility of large clusters during surface growth. The cluster mobility exponent of ?5/3 is consistent with cluster motion via one-dimensional diffusion of gold atoms around the edges of the nano-clusters.

Bell, Gavin R., E-mail: gavin.bell@warwick.ac.uk; Dawson, Peter M.; Pandey, Priyanka A.; Wilson, Neil R. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Mulheran, Paul A. [Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, University of Strathclyde, James Weir Building, 75 Montrose St., Glasgow G1 1XJ (United Kingdom)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Foundation Scholarship 2013/2014 www.fcx.com Page 1 of 4 Revised 1/22/13  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Foundation Scholarship ­ 2013/2014 www.fcx.com Page 1 of 4 Revised 1/22/13 Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX) is a leading international mining company with headquarters and probable reserves of copper, gold and molybdenum. FCX is the world's largest publicly traded copper

Tipple, Brett

357

Modeling and experimental characterization of stepped and v-shaped (311) defects in silicon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose an atomistic model to describe extended (311) defects in silicon. It is based on the combination of interstitial and bond defect chains. The model is able to accurately reproduce not only planar (311) defects but also defect structures that show steps, bends, or both. We use molecular dynamics techniques to show that these interstitial and bond defect chains spontaneously transform into extended (311) defects. Simulations are validated by comparing with precise experimental measurements on actual (311) defects. The excellent agreement between the simulated and experimentally derived structures, regarding individual atomic positions and shape of the distinct structural (311) defect units, provides strong evidence for the robustness of the proposed model.

Marqués, Luis A., E-mail: lmarques@ele.uva.es; Aboy, María [Departamento de Electrónica, Universidad de Valladolid, E.T.S.I. de Telecomunicación, 47011 Valladolid (Spain); Dudeck, Karleen J.; Botton, Gianluigi A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Knights, Andrew P. [Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Gwilliam, Russell M. [Surrey Ion Beam Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

358

World gold prices and stock returns in China: insights for hedging and diversification strategies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

make use of several multivariate GARCH models (CCC-, DCC-, BEKK-, diagonal BEKK-, and VAR-GARCH exposures can be effectively hedged in portfolios of stocks over time. Finally, we show that the VAR-GARCH model performs better than the other multivariate GARCH models. Keywords: Stock markets, gold prices

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

359

TECHNICAL ADVANCE 3D gold in situ labelling in the EM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

October 2001. * For correspondence (fax +44 1603 450022; e-mail peter.shaw@bbsrc.ac.uk). Summary We have with good ultrastructural preservation. Vibratome sections of plant tissue were labelled throughout their thickness with 1 nm gold antibodies and then silver enhanced, embedded in resin and sectioned for electron

Shaw, Peter

360

United Nations Association -Nebraska Division Hears Roger Gold's "World's Water Problems"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water problem there is the lack of water during the dry season. In the monsoons, water is collectedUnited Nations Association - Nebraska Division Hears Roger Gold's "World's Water Problems Dictionary (1980), and the New York Times Everyday Dictionary (1982). One-toorders are many of the 54 Water

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Plasmonic enhancement of thin-film solar cells using gold-black C.J. Fredricksena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasmonic enhancement of thin-film solar cells using gold-black coatings C.J. Fredricksena , D. R thin-film amorphous-silicon solar cells enhance the short-circuit current by 20% over a broad spectrum and locally enhance the field strength. Keywords: plasmonics, thin-film, solar cell, metallic nanoparticles

Peale, Robert E.

362

Gas Sensing Mechanism of Gold Nanoparticles Decorated Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas Sensing Mechanism of Gold Nanoparticles Decorated Single- Walled Carbon Nanotubes Syed Mubeen decorated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) can lead to considerable enhancement in sensing performance of it. Keywords: Electrodeposition, Single-walled carbon nanotube, Hydrogen sulfide, Sensors, Field

363

EUTROPHICATION A J Gold, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUTROPHICATION A J Gold, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA J T Sims, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA Ã? 2005, Elsevier Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Introduction Eutrophication describes in nutrient inputs. Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) are the nutrients that drive most eutrophication processes

Gold, Art

364

Excitation and Far field Spectroscopy of surface plasmons in Gold nanostructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the study of the interaction of light with periodic metal structures ..................................................... 4 F. Formulation of the research aim ................................................. 6 II... ....................................................................... 24 6 The influence of the thickness of the gold film on the properties of SPs: SP resonance curves at 633 nm for different film thicknesses .................................. 25 7 A portion of the SEM data for Sample 2 (cross section...

Peng, Siying

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

365

Stabilization of the palladium electrocatalyst with alloyed gold for ethanol oxidation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keywords: Fuel cell Alkaline direct ethanol fuel cell Electrocatalyst Stabilization Palladiumegold alloy oxidation reaction, especially for the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) in alkaline direct ethanol fuelStabilization of the palladium electrocatalyst with alloyed gold for ethanol oxidation J.B. Xu, T

Zhao, Tianshou

366

1209 Future of metal resources 1215 Gold nanoparticle and phage networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1209 Future of metal resources 1215 Gold nanoparticle and phage networks 1295 Nitric oxide role patterning SUSTAINABILITY SCIENCE Future of metal resources Analyses of metal cycles reported by Robert and re- place the metal in end-of-life products, which are then ei- ther recycled or enter waste streams

Mjolsness, Eric

367

Near-Infrared Gold Nanocages as a New Class of Tracers for Photoacoustic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation damage to the connective tissues of the skin. Therefore, noninvasive, nonionizing, and highNear-Infrared Gold Nanocages as a New Class of Tracers for Photoacoustic Sentinel Lymph Node based on Au nanocages shows a number of attractive features: noninvasiveness, strong optical absorption

Wang, Lihong

368

Gold Nanorods as Contrast Agents for Biological Imaging: Optical Properties, Surface Conjugation and Photothermal Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Gold Nanorods as Contrast Agents for Biological Imaging: Optical Properties, Surface and scattering in the near-infrared (NIR) region, making them attractive probes for in vitro and in vivo imaging modalities such as optical coherence tomography or photoacoustic tomography. Careful control over surface

Cheng, Ji-Xin

369

Mechanism of Elongation of Gold or Silver Nanoparticles in Silica by Irradiation with Swift Heavy Ions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Mechanism of Elongation of Gold or Silver Nanoparticles in Silica by Irradiation with Swift Heavy nanoparticles oriented parallel to one another can be synthesized in SiO2 by ion irradiation. Our aim, silica glass 1. Introduction Well-defined Au nanoparticles and nanorods are desirable for their optical

Boyer, Edmond

370

The A.J. Goddard: Reconstruction and Material Culture of a Klondike Gold Rush Sternwheeler  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The A.J. Goddard, a steamboat built for the Klondike Gold Rush of 1897-1898, wrecked in 1901 on Lake Laberge, Yukon Territory, where it lay undisturbed until its rediscovery in 2008 by the Yukon River Survey Project, directed by John Pollack...

Thomas, Lindsey Hall

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

371

Water as Buffer Material for Gold Nanocluster Growth Elad Gross, Yonatan Horowitz, and Micha Asscher*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the same buffer layer thickness range. Significantly different morphology of the clusters is obtained when are the basis for industrial heterogeneous catalysis.1-4 Gold nanoclusters held on oxide substrates were silicon oxide, SiO2/ Si(100), was chosen as the substrate in this study as a model for silica supports

Asscher, Micha

372

(Data in metric tons1 of gold content unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006e Production: Mine 298 277 258 256 260 Refinery: Primary 196 194 222 163 180 Secondary (new and old above), and the U.S. Department of Defense administers a Government wide secondary precious-metals recovery program. Events, Trends, and Issues: Domestic gold mine production in 2006 was estimated to be 2

373

(Data in metric tons1 of gold content unless otherwise noted)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007e Production: Mine 277 258 256 252 240 Refinery: Primary 194 222 195 181 190 Secondary (new and old above), and the U.S. Department of Defense administers a Governmentwide secondary precious-metals recovery program. Events, Trends, and Issues: Domestic gold mine production in 2007 was estimated to be 6

374

THE HISTORY OF OLIVE OIL1 "The whole Mediterranean, the sculpture, the palm, the gold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE HISTORY OF OLIVE OIL1 "The whole Mediterranean, the sculpture, the palm, the gold beads as ancient a part of the region as the olive and its oil, that like no other products of Nature, have shaped of oil has become synonymous with the birth of Western Civilization. The Mediterranean names

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

375

Pulsed infrared laser annealing of gold nanoparticles embedded in a silica A. Halabica,1,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pulsed infrared laser annealing of gold nanoparticles embedded in a silica matrix A. Halabica,1,a J; published online 28 April 2008 Pulsed infrared laser irradiation was used to modify the optical and physical in a fused-silica matrix. The experiments demonstrate the unique effects of fast thermal heating

Pennycook, Steve

376

Silicone oil contamination and electrical contact resistance degradation of low-force gold contacts.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hot-switched low-force gold electrical contact testing was performed using a nanomechanical test apparatus to ascertain the sensitivity of simulated microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) contact to silicone oil contamination. The observed cyclic contact resistance degradation was dependent on both closure rate and noncontact applied voltage. The decomposition of silicone oil from electrical arcing was hypothesized as the degradation mechanism.

Dugger, Michael Thomas; Dickrell, Daniel John, III

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Synthesis of gold nano-particles in a microfluidic platform for water quality monitoring applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A microfluidic lab-on-a-chip (LOC) device for in-situ synthesis of gold nano-particles was developed. The long term goal is to develop a portable hand-held diagnostic platform for monitoring water quality (e.g., detecting metal ion pollutants...

Datta, Sayak

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

May/June 1997 More on Cotton Fire Ants Ulee's Gold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May/June 1997 More on Cotton Fire Ants Ulee's Gold On the Web Honey Bee History Bee School WAS in Tucson Pollination Evaluation More on Cotton Some readers may wonder why I mention cotton and cotton pest control so frequently in this newsletter. The reason for this is that cotton is one of the few summer

Ferrara, Katherine W.

379

Explorations of Functionalized Gold Nanoparticle Surface Chemistry for Laser Desorption Ionization Mass Spectrometry Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXPLORATIONS OF FUNCTIONALIZED GOLD NANOPARTICLE SURFACE CHEMISTRY FOR LASER DESORPTION IONIZATION MASS SPECTROMETRY APPLICATIONS A Thesis by MARIO ESTUARDO GOMEZ HERNANDEZ Submitted to the Office... DESORPTION IONIZATION MASS SPECTROMETRY APPLICATIONS A Thesis by MARIO ESTUARDO GOMEZ HERNANDEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

Gomez Hernandez, Mario 1980-

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

380

Local, Regional, and Global Implications of Elemental Mercury in Metal (Copper, Silver, Gold, and Zinc) Ores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metric tons of "stamp sand" tailings, whereas copper smelters refined five million metric tons of copperLocal, Regional, and Global Implications of Elemental Mercury in Metal (Copper, Silver, Gold, Michigan 48138 ABSTRACT. Anthropogenic inventories for copper (229 ± 89 ug/cm2, N = 30), and mercury (470

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A segmented multi-loop antenna for selective excitation of azimuthal mode number in a helicon plasma source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flat type, segmented multi-loop antenna was developed in the Tokai Helicon Device, built for producing high-density helicon plasma, with a diameter of 20 cm and an axial length of 100 cm. This antenna, composed of azimuthally splitting segments located on four different radial positions, i.e., r = 2.8, 4.8, 6.8, and 8.8 cm, can excite the azimuthal mode number m of 0, ±1, and ±2 by a proper choice of antenna feeder parts just on the rear side of the antenna. Power dependencies of the electron density n{sub e} were investigated with a radio frequency (rf) power less than 3 kW (excitation frequency ranged from 8 to 20 MHz) by the use of various types of antenna segments, and n{sub e} up to ?5 × 10{sup 12} cm{sup ?3} was obtained after the density jump from inductively coupled plasma to helicon discharges. Radial density profiles of m = 0 and ±1 modes with low and high rf powers were measured. For the cases of these modes after the density jump, the excited mode structures derived from the magnetic probe measurements were consistent with those expected from theory on helicon waves excited in the plasma.

Shinohara, S., E-mail: sshinoha@cc.tuat.ac.jp [Institute of Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2-24-16 Naka-cho, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588 (Japan); Tanikawa, T. [Research Institute of Science and Technology, Tokai University, 4-1-1, Kita-kaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Motomura, T. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 807-1, Shuku-machi, Tosu, Saga 841-0052 Japan (Japan)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

382

Remote optical sensing on the nanometer scale with a bowtie aperture nano-antenna on a SNOM fiber tip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasmonic nano-antennas have proven the outstanding ability of sensing chemical and physical processes down to the nano-meter scale. Sensing is usually achieved within the highly confined optical fields generated resonantly by the nano-antennas, i.e. in contact to the nano-structures. In these paper, We demonstrate the sensing capability of nano-antennas to their larger scale environment, well beyond their plasmonic confinement volume, leading to the concept of 'remote' (non contact) sensing on the nano-meter scale. On the basis of a bowtie-aperture nano-antenna (BNA) integrated at the apex of a SNOM fiber tip, we introduce an ultra-compact, move-able and background-free optical nano-sensor for the remote sensing of a silicon surface (up to distance of 300 nm). Sensitivity of the BNA to its large scale environment is high enough to expect the monitoring and control of the spacing between the nano-antenna and a silicon surface with sub-nano-meter accuracy. This work paves the way towards a new class of nano-po...

Atie, Elie M; Eter, Ali El; Salut, Roland; Nedeljkovic, Dusan; Tannous, Tony; Baida, Fadi I; Grosjean, Thierry

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Noble reactions for the actinides: safe gold-based access to organouranium and azide complexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold has had a profound impact on organic chemistry; its compounds are spectacular catalysts for many organic transformations involving the formation of C-C, C-O, C-N and CoS bonds, and have enabled unprecedented pathways for the functionalization of C-H and C-C bonds. In general, gold complexes have not been exploited as reagents in organometallic or inorganic chemistry, although a few gold(l) aryl and alkynyl compounds have been reported to undergo transmetalation with transition metal complexes. We have been developing methods for functionalizing uranium complexes and have shown that Cu(l)-X reagents effect the oxidation of uranium with formation of U-X bonds, providing easy chemical control over uranium in oxidation states ranging from U{sup III}{yields}U{sup VI}. Although a logical approach for the direct generation of U-carbon and U-azide bonds, this Cu-based platform is limited in scope as it only works for pure and isolable copper compounds. This is problematic given the instability of organocuprates and copper azides, which can detonate violently as isolated solids. As such, this route has been confined to the synthesis of select uranium phenylacetylide complexes. Over the past few years, a variety of stable gold(l) alkyl, alkenyl, aryl, alkynyl, and azide complexes have been reported, propelling us to investigate their potential as reagents within the oxidative functionalization platform. Unlike the related CU{sup I} systems, Au{sup I} reagents are easily derivatized, and are safe to handle and isolate. Herein, we report that gold(l)-phosphine compounds can undergo a new class of reaction, and are excellent reagents for the oxidative functionalization of uranium with azide and carbon anions.

Thomson, Robert K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Graves, Christopher R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Scott, Brian L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kiplinger, Jaqueline L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

A revolutionary concept to improve the efficiency of ion cyclotron antennas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The successful design of an ion cyclotron (IC) antenna mainly relies on the capability of coupling high power to the plasma (MW), feature that is currently reached by allowing rather high voltages (tens of kV) on the unavoidable unmatched part of the feeding lines. This requirement is often responsible of arcs along the transmission lines and other unwanted phenomena, such as rectification discharges or hotspots, that considerably limit the usage of IC launchers. In this work, we suggest and describe a revolutionary approach based on high impedance surfaces, which allows to increase the antenna radiation efficiency and, hence, to highly reduce the imposed voltages to couple the same level of power to the plasma. High-impedance surfaces are periodic metallic structures (patches) displaced usually on top of a dielectric substrate and grounded by means of vertical posts usually embedded inside a dielectric, in a mushroom-like shape. In terms of working properties, high impedance surfaces are electrically thin in-phase reflectors, i.e., they present a high impedance, within a given frequency band, such that the image currents are in-phase with the currents of the antenna itself, thus determining a significant efficiency increase. While the usual design of a high impedance surface requires the presence of a dielectric layer, some alternative solutions can be realised in vacuum, taking advantage of double layers of metallic patches. After an introductory part on the properties of high impedance surfaces, this work documents both their design by means of numerical codes and their implementation on a scaled mock-up.

Milanesio, D., E-mail: daniele.milanesio@polito.it; Maggiora, R., E-mail: riccardo.maggiora@polito.it [Politecnico di Torino, Dipartimento di Elettronica e Telecomunicazioni (DET), Torino (Italy)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Fluidic patch antenna based on liquid metal alloy/single-wall carbon-nanotubes operating at the S-band frequency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fluidic patch antenna based on liquid metal alloy/single-wall carbon-nanotubes operating at the S (eutectic gallium indium) blended with single-wall carbon-nanotube (SWNTs). The nanocomposite­24 For instance, Cheng et al.15 and So and coworkers14 reported an unbalanced loop antenna and a half- wave dipole

386

IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 2048-2052, October 2001, Atlantic City, New Jersey Performance of Smart Antennas with Adaptive Combining at Handsets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 2048-2052, October 2001, Atlantic City, New Jersey 2048 Performance of Smart Antennas with Adaptive Combining at Handsets for the 3GPP WCDMA System Suk Won Kim1 the performance gain of dual smart antennas with an adaptive combining at handsets for the 3GPP WCDMA system

Ha, Dong S.

387

4. H. Wang, M. Zheng, and S.Q. Zhang, Monopole slot antenna, U.S. Patent No. 6,618,020 B2, Sep. 9, 2003.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4. H. Wang, M. Zheng, and S.Q. Zhang, Monopole slot antenna, U.S. Patent No. 6,618,020 B2, Sep. 9. R. Bancroft, Dual slot radiator single feedpoint printed circuit board antenna, U.S. Patent No. 7

Sheridan, Jennifer

388

Robotic localization of hostile networked radio sources with a directional antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

networks. Imagine a scenario, there is a sensor network deployed by enemy. We dispatch a mobile robot equipped with directional Radio Frequency (RF) antenna to search and destroy the networked radio sources. We need an effective scheme to guide the robot... to take the best guess for each step given the current information and known knowledge. Mathemat- ically, Bayes rule is often used to compute the posterior possibility p(X|d) according to the prior possibility p(X). p(X|d) = etap(d|X)p(X). (3.1) Suppose we...

Hu, Qiang

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

389

The Genomes On Line Database (GOLD) in 2007: status of genomic and metagenomic projects and their associated metadata  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Genomes On Line Database (GOLD) is a comprehensive resource of information for genome and metagenome projects world-wide. GOLD provides access to complete and ongoing projects and their associated metadata through pre-computed lists and a search page. The database currently incorporates information for more than 2900 sequencing projects, of which 639 have been completed and the data deposited in the public databases. GOLD is constantly expanding to provide metadata information related to the project and the organism and is compliant with the Minimum Information about a Genome Sequence (MIGS) specifications.

Fenner, Marsha W; Liolios, Konstantinos; Mavromatis, Konstantinos; Tavernarakis, Nektarios; Kyrpides, Nikos C.

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

390

A Dual Resonant Microstrip Antenna for UHF RFID in the Cold Chain Using Corrugated Fiberboard as a Substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wave Smith chart, in which, a fixed value of power transfer efficiency traces a circle around the center of the smith chart whose radius is equal to the magnitude of the power reflection coefficient vector s. This provides a pictorial representation... chart normalized to 35-j110 ? 27 (9) (10) Now using (9), (10) and (5) the realized gain GR of an antenna with a complex load can be obtained as (11). (11) In order to measure the realized gain GR for the antenna shown in Figure 6 we...

Sivakumar, Mutharasu

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

A Compact Parallel-plane Perpendicular-current Feed for a Modified Equiangular Spiral Antenna and Related Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the designed antennas and circuits. iv To my anc ee, Amanda Marie Stebbins v ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Thank you, Mr. Li, for your ever-present willingness to help. You contributed greatly to the initial design and fabrication of the compact spiral. Dr. Nevels, your... to fabricate each three-layer compact spiral, the spiral array fed by DSPSL lines is left for future research. A circular monopole antenna was designed as an alternate array element which may be equally suited for DSPSL array design using the described power...

Eubanks, Travis Wayne

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

392

The Physical Conditions in a Pre Super Star Cluster Molecular Cloud in the Antennae Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an analysis of the physical conditions in an extreme molecular cloud in the Antennae merging galaxies. This cloud has properties consistant with those required to form a globular cluster. We have obtained ALMA CO and 870$\\mu$m observations of the Antennae galaxy system with $\\sim 0".5$ resolution. This cloud stands out in the data with a radius of $\\lesssim 24$~pc and mass of $>5\\times 10^6$~M$_\\odot$. The cloud appears capable of forming a globular cluster, but the lack of associated thermal radio emission indicates that star formation has not yet altered the environment. The lack of thermal radio emission places the cloud in an early stage of evolution, which we expect to be short-lived ($\\lesssim 1$~Myr) and thus rare. Given its mass and kinetic energy, for the cloud to be confined (as its appearance strongly suggests) it must be subject to an external pressure of P/$k_B \\gtrsim 10^8$~K~cm$^{-3}$ -- 10,000 times higher than typical interstellar pressure. This would support theories that high pre...

Johnson, K E; Indebetouw, R; Brogan, C L; Whitmore, B C; Hibbard, J; Sheth, K; Evans, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Oxygen and Hydroxyl Species Induce Multiple Reaction Pathways for the Partial Oxidation of Allyl Alcohol on Gold  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, acrolein, over oxygen-precovered gold surfaces occurs via multiple reaction pathways. Utilizing temperature -dehydrogenation via interaction with an oxygen adatom or surface hydroxyl species to generate acrolein. Mediation

Henkelman, Graeme

394

The Influence of Artisanal Small Scale Gold Mining on Deforestation Rates: The case of Seguenega, Burkina Faso.   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper investigates how Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems can be used to assess the influence of Artisanal Small Scale Gold Mining (ASGM) on deforestation rates in Africa. Using the department of Seguenega in Burkina Faso...

Palacios, Daniela

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

395

Excitons in a mirror: Formation of “optical bilayers” using MoS{sub 2} monolayers on gold substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report coupling of excitons in monolayers of molybdenum disulphide to their mirror image in an underlying gold substrate. Excitons at the direct band gap are little affected by the substrate whereas strongly bound C-excitons associated with a van-Hove singularity change drastically. On quartz substrates only one C-exciton is visible (in the blue) but on gold substrates a strong red-shifted extra resonance in the green is seen. Exciton coupling to its image leads to formation of a “mirror biexciton” with enhanced binding energy. Estimates of this energy shift in an emitter-gold system match experiments well. The absorption spectrum of MoS{sub 2} on gold thus resembles a bilayer of MoS{sub 2} which has been created by optical coupling. Additional top-mirrors produce an “optical bulk.”.

Mertens, Jan; Baumberg, Jeremy J., E-mail: jjb12@cam.ac.uk [Nanophotonics Centre, Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom); Shi, Yumeng; Yang, Hui Ying, E-mail: yanghuiying@sutd.edu.sg [Pillar of Engineering Product Development, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 138682 (Singapore); Molina-Sánchez, Alejandro; Wirtz, Ludger [Physics and Materials Science Research Unit, University of Luxembourg, L-1511 Luxembourg (Luxembourg)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

396

Benchmark Measurements of the Ionization Balance of Non-LTE Gold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present a series of benchmark measurements of the ionization balance of well characterized gold plasmas with and without external radiation fields at electron densities near 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3} and various electron temperatures spanning the range 0.8 to 2.4 keV. They have analyzed time- and space-resolved M-shell gold emission spectra using a sophisticated collisional-radiative model with hybrid level structure, finding average ion changes ranging from 42 to 50. At the lower temperatures, the spectra exhibit significant sensitivity to external radiation fields and include emission features from complex N-shell ions not previously studied at these densities. The measured spectra and inferred provide a stringent test for non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) models of complex high-Z ions.

Heeter, R F; Hansen, S B; Fournier, K B; Foord, M E; Froula, D H; Mackinnon, A J; May, M J; Schneider, M B; Young, B F

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

397

Technology demonstration for reducing mercury emissions from small-scale gold refining facilities.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold that is brought from artisanal and small-scale gold mining areas to gold shops for processing and sale typically contains 5-40% mercury. The uncontrolled removal of the residual mercury in gold shops by using high-temperature evaporation can be a significant source of mercury emissions in urban areas where the shops are located. Emissions from gold shop hoods during a burn can exceed 1,000 mg/m{sup 3}. Because the saturation concentration of mercury vapor at operating temperatures at the hood exhaust is less than 100 mg/m{sup 3}, the dominant component of the exhaust is in the form of aerosol or liquid particles. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), with technical support from Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne), has completed a project to design and test a technology to remove the dominant aerosol component in the emissions from gold shops. The objective was to demonstrate a technology that could be manufactured at low cost and by using locally available materials and manufacturing capabilities. Six prototypes designed by Argonne were locally manufactured, installed, and tested in gold shops in Itaituba and Creporizao, Brazil. The initial prototype design incorporated a pebble bed as the media for collecting the mercury aerosols, and a mercury collection efficiency of over 90% was demonstrated. Though achieving high efficiencies, the initial prototype was determined to have practical disadvantages such as excessive weight, a somewhat complex construction, and high costs (>US$1,000). To further simplify the construction, operation, and associated costs, a second prototype design was developed in which the pebble bed was replaced with slotted steel baffle plates. The system was designed to have flexibility for installation in various hood configurations. The second prototype with the baffle plate design was installed and tested in several different hood/exhaust systems to determine the optimal installation configuration. The significance of coagulation and collection of the mercury aerosols in exhaust ducts, which is dependent on the hood and collector configuration, was also evaluated. Prototype demonstration tests verified the theoretical basis for mercury aerosol capture that can be used to optimize the baffle plate design, flow rates, and hood exhaust ducts and plenum to achieve 80% or higher removal efficiencies. Results indicated that installation configuration significantly influences a system's capture efficiency. Configurations that retained existing inlet ducts resulted in system efficiencies of more than 80%, whereas installation configurations without inlet ducts significantly reduced capture efficiency. As an alternative to increasing the volume of inlet ducts, the number of baffle plates in the system baffle assembly could be doubled to increase efficiency. Recommended installation and operation procedures were developed on the basis of these results. A water-based mercury capture system developed in Indonesia for installation in smaller shops was also tested and shown to be effective for certain applications. The cost of construction and installation of the baffle plate prototype was approximately US$400. These costs were reported as acceptable by local gold shop owners and government regulators, and were significantly lower than the cost of an alternate charcoal/copper mesh mercury filter available in the region, which costs about US$10,000. A sampling procedure that consists of a particle filter combined with a vapor analyzer was demonstrated as an effective procedure for analyzing both the aerosol and vapor components of the mercury concentrations. Two key findings for enhancing higher mercury collection were identified. First, the aerosol/vapor mercury emissions must be given sufficient time for the mercury particles to coagulate to a size that can be readily captured by the baffle plates. An interval of at least 6 seconds of transit time between the point of evaporation and contact with the slotted baffle plates is recommended. Some particles will also deposit in the exhaust ducts

Habegger, L. J.; Fernandez, L. E.; Engle, M.; Bailey, J. L.; Peterson, D. P.; MacDonell, M. M.; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

398

Solvent-mediated end-to-end assembly of gold nanorods.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new method for the bottom-up assembly of anisotropic nanoparticles, showing that alkanethiol molecules can induce controlled end-to-end assembly of gold nanorods in mixed water/acetonitrile solutions. The assembly is driven by solvent-mediated interactions among hydrophobic alkanethiol ligands selectively bound to the ends of the nanorods and among hydrophilic cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactants on the sides of the rods. It occurs only when the gold-nanorod samples have been aged for approximately two weeks. We compare the kinetics of solvent-mediated assembly using undecanethiol ligands to assembly processes driven by covalent bonding using {alpha},{omega}-undecanedithiol ligands and processes driven by hydrogen bonding using 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid ligands. Our experiments demonstrate the different assembly mechanisms involved as well as the conditions needed to obtain selective end-to-end assembly.

Wang, Y.; DePrince, E.; Gray, S.; Lin, X.-M.; Pelton, M.; Center for Nanoscale Materials

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Radioactive gold in the treatment of bovine ocular squamous carcinoma and its precursor lesions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produce exophytic or exuberant growth rather than infiltrative extension ~ 5~ig, These lesions may be treated with a strontium-90 beta particle applicator. This type therapy is useful only on small, superficial lesions of the eye. Single doses of up...RADIOACTIVE GOLD IN THE TREATMENT OF BOVINE OCULAR SQUAMOUS CARCINOMA AND ITS PRECURSOR LESIONS A Thesis by ROY BELVIN ENGLAND Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A@I University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree...

England, Roy Belvin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

400

Effective potentials between gold nano crystals -- functional dependence on the temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method is presented that allows to combine the effective potential between two nano crystals, the potential of mean force (PMF), as obtained from all-atomistic Molecular Dynamics simulations with perturbation theory. In this way, a functional dependence of the PMF on temperature is derived, that enables the prediction of the PMF in a wide temperature range. We applied the method for systems of capped gold nano crystals of different size. They show very good agreement with data from atomistic simulations.

G. Bauer; A. Lange; N. Gribova; C. Holm; J. Groß

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Initiation of electroless nickel plating on copper, palladium-activated copper, gold, and platinum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The catalytic activity of copper, palladium-activated copper, gold, and platinum for electro-oxidation of hypophosphite and electroless nickel plating was investigated in an ammoniacal solution of pH 8.8 at 50/sup 0/C by potential measurements and linear sweep voltammetry from -0.3 to -0.92V vs. SCE. Early stages of nickel plating on copper-palladium substrates were studied by scanning electron microscopy in conjunction with EDAX. It was found that palladium-activated copper and gold were catalytically active in the entire range of potentials examined; copper was active below -0.6 platinum was not active at all. Small amounts of electrolytically deposited nickel considerably increased the electro-oxidation rate of hypophosphite on copper, gold, and palladium. TEM examinations showed that activation of copper in a PdCl/sub 2//HCl solution resulted in the deposition of palladium in the form of separate patches. Electroless nickel deposition on copper substrates with separate palladium spots took place on copper and palladium independently of each other. The deposition on palladium was faster than that on copper. It was concluded that the activation of copper substrates around palladium spots occurred solely through a spontaneous potential shift, induced by electro-oxidation of hypophosphite on the palladium spots. It was suggested that small amounts of one metal synergistically enhanced the catalytic activity of the other metals.

Flis, J.; Duquette, D.J.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Comparison of the Legacy and Gold SnIa Dataset Constraints on Dark Energy Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have performed a comparative analysis of three recent and reliable SnIa datasets available in the literature: the Full Gold (FG) dataset (157 data points $0dataset (140 data points $0dataset (115 data points $0datasets are consistent with each other at the 95% confidence level, the latest (SNLS) dataset shows distinct trends which are not shared by the Gold datasets. We find that the best fit dynamical $w(z)$ obtained from the SNLS dataset does not cross the PDL $w=-1$ and remains above and close to the $w=-1$ line for the whole redshift range $0datasets (FG and TG) clearly crosses the PDL and departs significantly from the PDL $w=-1$ line while the LCDM parameter values are about $2\\sigma$ away from the best fit $w(z)$. In addition, the $(\\Omega_{0m},\\Omega_\\Lambda)$ parameters in a LCDM parametrization without a flat prior, fit by the SNLS dataset, favor the minimal flat LCDM concordance model. The corresponding fit with the Gold datasets mildly favors a closed universe and the flat LCDM parameter values are $1\\sigma - 2\\sigma$ away from the best fit $(\\Omega_{0m},\\Omega_\\Lambda)$.

S. Nesseris; L. Perivolaropoulos

2005-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

403

Enhancing DNA binding rate using optical trapping of high-density gold nanodisks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the dynamic study of optical trapping of fluorescent molecules using high-density gold nanodisk arrays. The gold nanodisks were fabricated by electron beam lithography with a diameter of 500 nm and a period of 1 ?m. Dark-field illumination showed ?15 times enhancement of fluorescence near edges of nanodisks. Such enhanced near-field generated an optical trapping force of ?10 fN under 3.58 × 10{sup 3} W/m{sup 2} illumination intensity as calculated from the Brownian motions of 590 nm polystyrene beads. Kinetic observation of thiolated DNA modified with Cy5 dye showed different binding rates of DNA under different illumination intensity. The binding rate increased from 2.14 × 10{sup 3} s{sup ?1} (I = 0.7 × 10{sup 3} W/m{sup 2}) to 1.15 × 10{sup 5} s{sup ?1} (I = 3.58 × 10{sup 3} W/m{sup 2}). Both enhanced fluorescence and binding rate indicate that gold nanodisks efficiently improve both detection limit and interaction time for microarrays.

Lin, En-Hung; Pan, Ming-Yang [Institute of Photonics Technologies, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013 (China) [Institute of Photonics Technologies, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013 (China); Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 11529 (China); Lee, Ming-Chang [Institute of Photonics Technologies, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013 (China)] [Institute of Photonics Technologies, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 30013 (China); Wei, Pei-Kuen, E-mail: pkwei@sinica.edu.tw [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 11529 (China) [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 11529 (China); Institute of Biophotonics, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 11221, Taiwan (China)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

Upper limits for the existence of long-lived isotopes of roentgenium in natural gold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A sensitive search for isotopes of a superheavy element (SHE) in natural gold materials has been performed with accelerator mass spectrometry at the Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator, which is based on a 3-MV tandem accelerator. Because the most likely SHE in gold is roentgenium (Rg, Z = 111), the search concentrated on Rg isotopes. Two different mass regions were explored: (i) For the neutron-deficient isotopes {sup 261}Rg and {sup 265}Rg, abundance limits in gold of 3x10{sup -16} were reached (no events observed). This is in stark contrast to the findings of Marinov et al.[Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 18, 621 (2009)], who reported positive identification of these isotopes with inductively coupled plasma sector field mass spectrometry in the (1-10)x10{sup -10} abundance range. (ii) Theoretical models of SHEs predict a region of increased stability around the proton and neutron shell closures of Z = 114 and N = 184. We therefore investigated eight heavy Rg isotopes, {sup A}Rg, A = 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, and 296. For six isotopes no events were observed, setting limits also in the 10{sup -16} abundance range. For {sup 291}Rg and {sup 294}Rg we observed two and nine events, respectively, which results in an abundance in the 10{sup -15} range. However, pileup of a particularly strong background in these cases makes a positive identification as Rg isotopes--even after pileup correction--unlikely.

Dellinger, F.; Kutschera, W.; Forstner, O.; Golser, R.; Priller, A.; Steier, P.; Wallner, A.; Winkler, G. [University of Vienna, Faculty of Physics, Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator (VERA) Laboratory, Waehringer Strasse 17, A-1090 Wien (Austria)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Controlled epitaxial growth of mesoporous silica/gold nanorod nanolollipops and nanodumb-bells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we describe the controlled synthesis of novel heterogeneous nanostructures comprised of mesoporous silica-coated gold nanorods (MSGNRs) in the form of core–shell nanolollipops and nanodumb-bells, using a seed-mediated sol–gel method. Although MSGNR core–shell (?-MSGNR) structures have been reported previously by us and others, we herein discuss the first ever fabrication of MSGNR nanolollipops (?-MSGNR) and nanodumb-bells (?-MSGNR), achieved by simply controlling the aging time of gold nanorods (GNRs), the residual cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) coating of GNRs, and the addition of dimethyl formamide during incubation, centrifugation, and sonication, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy revealed two bare GNR isoforms, with aspect ratios of approximately 4 and 6, while scanning electron microscopy was used to further elucidate the morphology of ?-MSGNR and ?-MSGNR heterostructures. In agreement with the smaller dielectric constants afforded by incomplete silica encasement, spectroscopic studies of ?-MSGNR and ?-MSGNR, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands revealed 20-40 nm blue shifts relative to the SPR of ?-MSGNR. On the basis of the attributes and applications of more conventional ?-MSGNRs, ?-MSGNRs and ?-MSGNRs are anticipated to provide most of the utility of ?-MSGNRs, but with the additional functionalities that accompany their incorporation of both bare gold and mesoporous silica encased tips; with significant/unique implications for biomedical and catalytic applications.

Huang, Ching-Mao [Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Nanomedicine, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan Town, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan (China); Material and Chemical Laboratories, Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 30011, Taiwan (China); Chung, Ming-Fang; Lo, Leu-Wei, E-mail: lwlo@nhri.org.tw [Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Nanomedicine, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan Town, Miaoli 35053, Taiwan (China); Souris, Jeffrey S. [Department of Radiology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Millifluidics for time-resolved mapping of the growth of gold nanostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Innovative in situ characterization tools are essential for understanding the reaction mechanisms leading to the growth of nanoscale materials. Though techniques, such as in situ transmission X-ray microscopy, fast single-particle spectroscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, etc., are currently being developed, these tools are complex, not easily accessible, and do not necessarily provide the temporal resolution required to follow the formation of nanomaterials in real time. Here, we demonstrate for the first time the utility of a simple millifluidic chip for an in situ real time analysis of morphology and dimension-controlled growth of gold nano- and microstructures with a time resolution of 5 ms. The structures formed were characterized using synchrotron radiation-based in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, 3-D X-ray tomography, and high-resolution electron microscopy. These gold nanostructures were found to be catalytically active for conversion of 4-nitrophenol into 4-aminophenol, providing an example of the potential opportunities for time-resolved analysis of catalytic reactions. While the investigations reported here are focused on gold nanostructures, the technique can be applied to analyze the time-resolved growth of other types of nanostructured metals and metal oxides. With the ability to probe at least a 10-fold higher concentrations, in comparison with traditional microfluidics, the tool has potential to revolutionize a broad range of fields from catalysis, molecular analysis, biodefense, and molecular biology.

Sai Krishna, Katla; Navin, Chelliah; Biswas, Sanchita; Singh, Varshni; Ham, Kyungmin; Bovencamp, L. S.; Theegala, Chandra; Miller, Jeffrey T; Spivey, James J.; Kumar, Challa S.S.R.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Performance Measurement of 802.11a Wireless Links from UAV to Ground Nodes with Various Antenna Orientations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Measurement of 802.11a Wireless Links from UAV to Ground Nodes with Various Antenna measured performance of 802.11a wireless links from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to ground stations-station elevations. By comparing the performance of 32 simultaneous pairs of UAV and ground station configurations

Kung, H. T.

408

Electrooptic microwave antenna using organic poled polymers Arnaud Gardeleina, Sylvain Le Tacona, Eric Tanguya, Nicolas Breuilb and Tchanguiz Razbana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

actually electrooptical polymer properties and stability are lower than lithium niobate ones, the gap of the electrooptic antenna design is to obtain maximum microwave and optical interaction. We propose a novel approach polarizer or other means. Two electrooptic-enabled materials are under interest. The older one is lithium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

409

Thermal noise in advanced gravitational wave interferometric antennas: A comparison between arbitrary order Hermite and Laguerre Gaussian modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the thermal noise caused by mechanical or thermomechanical dissipation in mirrors of interferometric gravitational wave antennas. We give relative figures of merit for arbitrary Hermite-Gauss or Laguerre-Gauss optical beams regarding the Brownian and thermoelastic noises (substrate and coating) in the infinite mirror approximation.

Vinet, Jean-Yves [Dpt. ARTEMIS, Universite de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, C.N.R.S. and Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, 06304 Nice (France)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

410

Effect of Ice Loading of a GPS Antenna Kyle O'Keefe, Jim Stephen, and Gerard Lachapelle,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Geomatics Engineering, The University of Calgary Rodolfo, A. Gonzales, Raytheon Systems, Fullerton Engineering from California State University-Fullerton. He is a Senior System Engineer at Raytheon System conducted in May 1998 to determine the performance of Raytheon Systems' WAAS antenna when covered

Calgary, University of

411

Inflight Vertical Antenna Patterns for SIR-C from Amazon Rain-Forest Observations Yujun Fang and Richard K. Moore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-We measured the vertical pattern of the Shuttle Imaging Radar C (SIR-C) antenna using images of the Amazon and Richard K. Moore University of Kansas, Radar Systems and Remote Sensing Laboratory 2291 Irving Hill Road. We define an outlier as a signal level outside a region bounded by the 1% levels on the main peak

Kansas, University of

412

Parameter assignment for improved connectivity and security in randomly deployed wireless sensor networks via hybrid omni/uni-directional antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,omni-directional antennas have been used for communication in wireless sensor net-works. In this thesis, a hybrid communication model is presented where-in, nodes ina network are capable of both omni-directional and uni-directional communication.The eect of such a model...

Shankar, Sonu

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

1634 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 12, 2013 A Compact Dual-Band Rectenna Using Slot-Loaded  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, dual-band rectenna, dual-band rectifier, energy harvesting, wireless power transmission. I bands, RF energy harvesters capable of operating in multiple bands are of great importance. Nowadays by a microwave signal of available power of 9 dBm for a load resistor of 2.2 k . Index Terms--Dipole antenna

Tentzeris, Manos

414

1610 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 11, 2012 MRI-Derived 3-D-Printed Breast Phantom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1610 IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 11, 2012 MRI-Derived 3-D-Printed Breast--We propose a 3-D-printed breast phantom for use in preclinical experimental microwave imaging studies the proce- dure for generating the 3-D-printed breast phantom and present the measured dielectric properties

Hagness, Susan C.

415

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 8, NO. 4, APRIL 2009 1733 Space-Time Duality in Multiple Antenna Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--The concept of information transmission in a mul- tiple antenna channel with scattering objects is studied from first physical principles. The amount of information that can be transported of the channel. It is shown that for narrow-band frequency transmission space and time can be decoupled, leading

Franceschetti, Massimo

416

Experimental observation of left polarized wave absorption near electron cyclotron resonance frequency in helicon antenna produced plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Asymmetry in density peaks on either side of an m = +1 half helical antenna is observed both in terms of peak position and its magnitude with respect to magnetic field variation in a linear helicon plasma device [Barada et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 063501 (2012)]. The plasma is produced by powering the m = +1 half helical antenna with a 2.5 kW, 13.56 MHz radio frequency source. During low magnetic field (B < 100 G) operation, plasma density peaks are observed at critical magnetic fields on either side of the antenna. However, the density peaks occurred at different critical magnetic fields on both sides of antenna. Depending upon the direction of the magnetic field, in the m = +1 propagation side, the main density peak has been observed around 30 G of magnetic field. On this side, the density peak around 5 G corresponding to electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) is not very pronounced, whereas in the m = -1 propagation side, very pronounced ECR peak has been observed around 5 G. Another prominent density peak around 12 G has also been observed in m = -1 side. However, no peak has been observed around 30 G on this m = -1 side. This asymmetry in the results on both sides is explained on the basis of polarization reversal of left hand polarized waves to right hand polarized waves and vice versa in a bounded plasma system. The density peaking phenomena are likely to be caused by obliquely propagating helicon waves at the resonance cone boundary.

Barada, Kshitish K.; Chattopadhyay, P. K.; Ghosh, J.; Kumar, Sunil; Saxena, Y. C. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

An arc control and protection system for the JET lower hybrid antenna based on an imaging system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Arcs are the potentially most dangerous events related to Lower Hybrid (LH) antenna operation. If left uncontrolled they can produce damage and cause plasma disruption by impurity influx. To address this issue an arc real time control and protection imaging system for the Joint European Torus (JET) LH antenna has been implemented. The LH system is one of the additional heating systems at JET. It comprises 24 microwave generators (klystrons, operating at 3.7 GHz) providing up to 5 MW of heating and current drive to the JET plasma. This is done through an antenna composed of an array of waveguides facing the plasma. The protection system presented here is based primarily on an imaging arc detection and real time control system. It has adapted the ITER like wall hotspot protection system using an identical CCD camera and real time image processing unit. A filter has been installed to avoid saturation and spurious system triggers caused by ionization light. The antenna is divided in 24 Regions Of Interest (ROIs) each one corresponding to one klystron. If an arc precursor is detected in a ROI, power is reduced locally with subsequent potential damage and plasma disruption avoided. The power is subsequently reinstated if, during a defined interval of time, arcing is confirmed not to be present by image analysis. This system was successfully commissioned during the restart phase and beginning of the 2013 scientific campaign. Since its installation and commissioning, arcs and related phenomena have been prevented. In this contribution we briefly describe the camera, image processing, and real time control systems. Most importantly, we demonstrate that an LH antenna arc protection system based on CCD camera imaging systems works. Examples of both controlled and uncontrolled LH arc events and their consequences are shown.

Figueiredo, J., E-mail: joao.figueiredo@jet.efda.org [Associação EURATOM/IST, Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal and EFDA-CSU, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Mailloux, J.; Kirov, K.; Kinna, D.; Stamp, M.; Devaux, S.; Arnoux, G.; Edwards, J. S.; Stephen, A. V.; McCullen, P.; Hogben, C. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Center, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Transmissive infrared frequency selective surfaces and infrared antennas : final report for LDRD 105749.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmonic structures open up new opportunities in photonic devices, sometimes offering an alternate method to perform a function and sometimes offering capabilities not possible with standard optics. In this LDRD we successfully demonstrated metal coatings on optical surfaces that do not adversely affect the transmission of those surfaces at the design frequency. This technology could be applied as an RF noise blocking layer across an optical aperture or as a method to apply an electric field to an active electro-optic device without affecting optical performance. We also demonstrated thin optical absorbers using similar patterned surfaces. These infrared optical antennas show promise as a method to improve performance in mercury cadmium telluride detectors. Furthermore, these structures could be coupled with other components to lead to direct rectification of infrared radiation. This possibility leads to a new method for infrared detection and energy harvesting of infrared radiation.

Wendt, Joel Robert; Hadley, G. Ronald; Samora, Sally; Loui, Hung; Cruz-Cabrera, Alvaro Augusto; Davids, Paul; Kemme, Shanalyn A.; Basilio, Lorena I.; Johnson, William Arthur; Peters, David William

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Thermal imaging of plasma with a phased array antenna in QUEST  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermal imaging system to measure plasma Electron Bernstein Emission (EBE) emanating from the mode conversion region in overdense plasma is discussed. Unlike conventional ECE/EBE imaging, this diagnostics does not employ any active mechanical scanning mirrors or focusing optics to scan for the emission cones in plasma. Instead, a standard 3 × 3 waveguide array antenna is used as a passive receiver to collect emission from plasma and imaging reconstruction is done by accurate measurements of phase and intensity of these signals by heterodyne detection technique. A broadband noise source simulating the EBE, is installed near the expected mode conversion region and its position is successfully reconstructed using phase array technique which is done in post processing.

Mishra, Kishore, E-mail: mishra@triam.kyushu-u.ac.jp; Nagata, K.; Akimoto, R.; Banerjee, S. [IGSES, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Idei, H.; Zushi, H.; Hanada, K.; Hasegawa, M.; Nakamura, K.; Fujisawa, A.; Nagashima, Y.; Onchi, T.; Kuzmin, A. [RIAM, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Yamamoto, M. K. [Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Uji 611-0011 (Japan)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Circuit model optimization of a nano split ring resonator dimer antenna operating in infrared spectral range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metamaterials are comprised of metallic structures with a strong response to incident electromagnetic radiation, like, for example, split ring resonators. The interaction of resonator ensembles with electromagnetic waves can be simulated with finite difference or finite elements algorithms, however, above a certain ensemble size simulations become inadmissibly time or memory consuming. Alternatively a circuit description of metamaterials, a well developed modelling tool at radio and microwave frequencies, allows to significantly increase the simulated ensemble size. This approach can be extended to the IR spectral range with an appropriate set of circuit element parameters accounting for physical effects such as electron inertia and finite conductivity. The model is verified by comparing the coupling coefficients with the ones obtained from the full wave numerical simulations, and used to optimize the nano-antenna design with improved radiation characteristics.

Gneiding, N., E-mail: Natalia.Gneiding@physik.uni-erlangen.de [Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT), University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 91052 Erlangen (Germany); Zhuromskyy, O.; Peschel, U. [Institute of Optics, Information and Photonics, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Shamonina, E. [Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Parks Road, OX1 3PJ Oxford (United Kingdom)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Exploiting structured environments for efficient energy transfer: The phonon antenna mechanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-trivial interplay between quantum coherence and dissipative environment-driven dynamics is becoming increasingly recognised as key for efficient energy transport in photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes, and converting these biologically-inspired insights into a set of design principles that can be implemented in artificial light-harvesting systems has become an active research field. Here we identify a specific design principle - the phonon antenna - that demonstrates how inter-pigment coherence is able to modify and optimize the way that excitations spectrally sample their local environmental fluctuations. We place this principle into a broader context and furthermore we provide evidence that the Fenna-Matthews-Olson complex of green sulphur bacteria has an excitonic structure that is close to such an optimal operating point, and suggest that this general design principle might well be exploited in other biomolecular systems.

M. del Rey; A. W. Chin; S. F. Huelga; M. B. Plenio

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

422

Deep Near-Infrared Imaging and Photometry of the Antennae Galaxies with WIRC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present deep near-infrared images of the Antennae galaxies, taken with the Palomar Wide-Field Infrared Camera WIRC. The images cover a 4.33' x 4.33' (24.7kpc x 24.7kpc) area around the galaxy interaction zone. We derive J and K_s band photometric fluxes for 172 infrared star clusters, and discuss details of the two galactic nuclei and the overlap region. We also discuss the properties of a subset of 27 sources which have been detected with WIRC, HST and the VLA. The sources in common are young clusters of less than 10 Myr, which show no correlation between their infrared colors and 6 cm radio properties. These clusters cover a wide range in infrared color due to extinction and evolution. The average extinction is about A_V~2 mag while the reddest clusters may be reddened by up to 10 magnitudes.

B. R. Brandl; D. M. Clark; S. S. Eikenberry; J. C. Wilson; C. P. Henderson; D. J. Barry; J. R. Houck; J. C. Carson; T. L. Hayward

2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

423

Observation of EHO in NSTX and Theoretical Study of its Active Control Using HHFW Antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two important topics in the tokamak ELM control, using the non-axisymmetric (3D) magnetic perturbations, are studied in NSTX and combined envisioning ELM control in the future NSTX-U operation: Experimental observations of the edge harmonic oscillation in NSTX (not necessarily the same as EHOs in DIII-D), and theoretical study of its external drive using the high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) antenna as a 3D field coil. Edge harmonic oscillations were observed particularly well in NSTX ELM-free operation with low n core modes, with various diagnostics confirming n = 4 ~#24; 6 edge-localized and coherent oscillations in 2 ~#24; 8kHz frequency range. These oscillations seem to have a favored operational window in rotational shear, similarly to EHOs in DIII-D QH modes . However, in NSTX, they are not observed to provide particle or impurity control, possibly due to their weak amplitudes, of a few mm displacements, as measured by reflectometry. The external drive of these modes has been proposed in NSTX, by utilizing audio-frequency currents in the HHFW antenna straps. Analysis shows that the HHFW straps can be optimized to maximize n = 4 ~#24; 6 while minimizing n = 1 ~#24; 3. Also, IPEC calculations show that the optimized configuration with only 1kAt current can produce comparable or larger displacements than the observed internal modes. If this optimized external drive can be constructively combined, or further resonated with the internal modes, the edge harmonic oscillations in NSTX may be able to produce sufficient particle control to modify ELMs.

J.-K. Park, et. al.

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

424

Integration of a 15-Element, VHF Bow-Tie Antenna Array into an Aerodynamic Fairing on a NASA P-3 Aircraft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radar depth sounding and imaging of deep glaciers in Antarctica and Greenland yield results for better understanding a changing climate and improving glacier modeling. A 15-element, airborne antenna array with an increased ...

Byers, Kyle J.

2011-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

425

Heat capacity of quantum adsorbates: Hydrogen and helium on evaporated gold films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author has constructed an apparatus to make specific heat measurements of quantum gases adsorbed on metallic films at temperatures between 0.3 and 4 K. He has used this apparatus to study quench-condensed hydrogen films between 4 and 923 layers thick with J = 1 concentrations between 0.28 and 0.75 deposited on an evaporated gold surface. He has observed that the orientational ordering of the J = 1 molecules depends on the substrate temperature during deposition of the hydrogen film. He has inferred that the density of the films condensed at the lowest temperatures is 25% higher than in bulk H{sub 2} crystals and have observed that the structure of those films is affected by annealing at 3.4 K. The author has measured the J = 1 to J = 0 conversion rate to be comparable to that of the bulk for thick films; however, he found evidence that the gold surface catalyzes conversion in the first two to four layers. He has also used this apparatus to study films of {sup 4}He less than one layer thick adsorbed on an evaporated gold surface. He shows that the phase diagram of the system is similar to that for {sup 4}He/graphite although not as rich in structure, and the phase boundaries occur at different coverages and temperatures. At coverages below about half a layer and at sufficiently high temperatures, the {sup 4}He behaves like a two-dimensional noninteracting Bose gas. At lower temperatures and higher coverages, liquidlike and solidlike behavior is observed. The Appendix shows measurements of the far-infrared absorptivity of the high-{Tc} superconductor La{sub 1.87}Sr{sub 0.13}CuO{sub 4}.

Birmingham, J.T. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States). Materials Sciences Div.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Reconstruction of Hessence Dark Energy and the Latest Type Ia Supernovae Gold Dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, many efforts have been made to build dark energy models whose equation-of-state parameter can cross the so-called phantom divide $w_{de}=-1$. One of them is the so-called hessence dark energy model in which the role of dark energy is played by a non-canonical complex scalar field. In this work, we develop a simple method based on Hubble parameter $H(z)$ to reconstruct the hessence dark energy. As examples, we use two familiar parameterizations for $H(z)$ and fit them to the latest 182 type Ia supernovae Gold dataset. In the reconstruction, measurement errors are fully considered.

Hao Wei; Ningning Tang; Shuang Nan Zhang

2007-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

427

Reconstruction of a Deceleration Parameter from the Latest Type Ia Supernovae Gold Dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a parameterized deceleration parameter $q(z)= 1/2 - a/(1 + z)^b$ is reconstructed from the latest type Ia supernovae gold dataset. It is found out that the transition redshift from decelerated expansion to accelerated expansion is at $z_T=0.35^{+0.14}_{-0.07}$ with $1\\sigma$ confidence level in this parameterized deceleration parameter. And, the best fit values of parameters in $1\\sigma$ errors are $a=1.56^{+0.99}_{-0.55}$ and $b=3.82^{+3.70}_{-2.27}$.

Lixin Xu; Chengwu Zhang; Baorong Chang; Hongya Liu

2007-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

428

Femtosecond laser-induced asymmetric large scale waves on gold surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With femtosecond (fs) pulse irradiation, we investigate the morphological evolution of a unique type of fs laser-induced periodic surface structure, called nanostructure-covered large scale waves (NC-LSWs), covered by iterating stripe patterns of nanostructures and microstructures with a period of tens of microns. By monitoring the morphological profile of NC-LSWs following fs laser heating of Au, we show that the NC-LSWs are highly asymmetrically formed and propagate on a gold surface. We believe that the selective laser ablation of Au surface and the subsequent mass transfer of liquid Au following nonuniform energy deposition result in the asymmetric NC-LSW propagation on metals.

Yong Hwang, Taek; Guo, Chunlei [Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

429

Optical Manipulation of Shape-Morphing Elastomeric Liquid Crystal Microparticles Doped with Gold Nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate facile optical manipulation of shape of birefringent colloidal microparticles made from liquid crystal elastomers. Using soft lithography and polymerization, we fabricate elastomeric microcylinders with weakly undulating director oriented on average along their long axes. These particles are infiltrated with gold nanospheres acting as heat transducers that allow for an efficient localized transfer of heat from a focused infrared laser beam to a submicrometer region within a microparticle. Photothermal control of ordering in the liquid crystal elastomer using scanned beams allows for a robust control of colloidal particles, enabling both reversible and irreversible changes of shape. Possible applications include optomechanics, microfluidics, and reconfigurable colloidal composites with shape-dependent self-assembly.

Sun, Y. R.; Evans, J. S.; Lee, T.; Senyuk, B.; Keller, P.; He, S. L.; Smalyukh, I. I.

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

430

Gold Nanoparticles Self-Similar Chain Structure Organized by DNA Origami  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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431

Geology of the Florida Canyon gold deposit, Pershing County, Nevada, in:  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, searchGeauga County, Ohio: EnergySector:2008)theVolcano Jump to:Gold and

432

SETUP AND PERFORMANCE OF THE RHIC INJECTOR ACCELERATORS FOR THE 2007 RUN WITH GOLD IONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold ions for the 2007 run of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) are accelerated in the Tandem, Booster and AGS prior to injection into RHIC. The setup and performance of this chain of accelerators is reviewed with a focus on improvements in the quality of beam delivered to RHIC. In particular, more uniform stripping foils between Booster and AGS7 and a new bunch merging scheme in AGS have provided beam bunches with reduced longitudinal emittance for RHIC.

GARDNER,C.; AHRENS, L.; ALESSI, J.; BENJAMIN, J.; BLASKIEWICZ, M.; ET AL.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

433

Multichannel microwave interferometer with an antenna switching system for electron density measurement in a laboratory plasma experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents a simple and powerful technique for multichannel measurements of the density profile in laboratory plasmas by microwave interferometry. This technique uses electromechanical microwave switches to temporally switch the connection between multiple receiver antennas and one phase-detection circuit. Using this method, the phase information detected at different positions is rearranged into a time series that can be acquired from a minimum number of data acquisition channels (e.g., two channels in the case of quadrature detection). Our successfully developed multichannel microwave interferometer that uses the antenna switching method was applied to measure the radial electron density profiles in a magnetized plasma experiment. The advantage of the proposed method is its compactness and scalability to multidimensional measurement systems at low cost.

Kawamori, Eiichirou; Lin, Yu-Hsiang [Institute of Space and Plasma Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Space and Plasma Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Mase, Atsushi [Art, Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Kyushu University, Kasuga 816-8580 (Japan)] [Art, Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Kyushu University, Kasuga 816-8580 (Japan); Nishida, Yasushi; Cheng, C. Z. [Institute of Space and Plasma Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Space and Plasma Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Plasma and Space Science Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Chlorophyll antenna size adjustments by irradiance in Dunaliella salina involve coordinate regulation of chlorophyll a oxygenase (CAO)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

amounts of Chl b, have a large Chl a-b light-harvesting complex (LHC) and a high LHC to PS-core ratio of Chl b, have a small LHC antenna and a low LHC to PS-core ratio (Björkman et al., 1972; Leong binding protein and vice versa. Furthermore, Chl b 1 Proceedings of the 2002 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program

435

Compact circularly polarized slot-ring antenna and microstrip bandpass filter using triangular open-loop resonators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Committee Members, Gregory Huff Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio Kenith Meissner Head of Department, Costas Georghiades December 2006 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering iii ABSTRACT Compact Circularly Polarized Slot-Ring Antenna.... Gregory Huff, Dr. Edgar Sanchez-Sinencio and Dr. Kenith Meissner for serving as members of my thesis committee. Next, I would like to thank Mr. Ming-Yi Li for his assistance in fabricating all the circuits that I designed. Finally, I would like to thank...

Farooqui, Muhammad Fahad

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

436

Super-Stable, Highly Monodisperse Plasmonic Nanocrystals with 500 Gold Atoms: Au~500(SR)~120  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Determining the composition of plasmonic nanoparticles is challenging due to a deficiency in tools capable of accurately evaluating the number of atoms. Mass spectrometry plays a significant role in determining nanoparticle composition at the atomic level. Significant progress has been made in understanding ultra-small gold nanoparticles, like Au25(SR)18 and Au38(SR)24, with a Au core diameter of 0.97 and 1.3 nm, respectively. However, progress in small plasmonic nanoparticles (2 - 5 nm) is currently challenging, due in part to limitations in synthesizing monodisperse nanoparticles. Here, we report a plasmonic nanocrystal that is highly monodisperse, with an unprecedented variation of less than 20 gold atoms. The composition of the super-stable plasmonic nanocrystals at 115 kDa was determined to contain Au500 10SR120 3. The Au~500 system, named Faraduarate-500, is the largest size to be characterized using high resolution ESI mass spectrometry. Atomic pair distribution function (PDF) data shows that the local atomic structure is consistent with a face-centered cubic (fcc) or Marks decahedral arrangement. High resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy images show that the diameter is 2.4 0.1 nm. The radius of gyration measured by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), is 1.05 0.05 nm, and the size and the shape of SAXS molecular envelope are in agreement with TEM and PDF measurements.

Kumara, Chanaka [University of Mississippi, The; Zuo, Xiaobing [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Ilavsky, Dr. Jan [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Chapman, Karena [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Cullen, David A [ORNL; Dass, Amala [University of Mississippi, The

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

ACID EVAPORATION OF ULTIMA GOLD TM AB LIQUID SCINTILLATION COCKTAIL RESIDUE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prior analyses of samples from the F/H Lab solutions showed the presence of diisopropylnapthalene (DIN), a major component of Ultima Gold{trademark} AB liquid scintillation cocktail (LSC). These solutions are processed through H-Canyon Tank 10.5 and ultimately through the 17.8E evaporator. Similar solutions originated in SRNL streams sent to the same H Canyon tanks. This study examined whether the presence of these organics poses a process-significant hazard for the evaporator. Evaporation and calorimetry testing of surrogate samples containing 2000 ppm of Ultima Gold{trademark} AB LSC in 8 M nitric acid have been completed. These experiments showed that although reactions between nitric acid and the organic components do occur, they do not appear to pose a significant hazard for runaway reactions or generation of energetic compounds in canyon evaporators. The amount of off-gas generated was relatively modest and appeared to be well within the venting capacity of the H-Canyon evaporators. A significant fraction of the organic components likely survives the evaporation process primarily as non-volatile components that are not expected to represent any new process concerns during downstream operations such as neutralization. Laboratory Waste solutions containing minor amounts of DIN can be safely received, stored, transferred, and processed through the canyon waste evaporator.

Kyser, E.; Fondeur, F.; Crump, S.

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

438

Stability and biocompatibility of photothermal gold nanorods after lyophilization and sterilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Morphological changes are observed for CTABr capped gold nanorods over time. • Polystyrenesulfonate (PSS) and polyethyleneglycol (PEG) coated nanorods are stable. • Re-suspendible and sterilizable colloids are prepared using those capping agents. • Those materials are efficient heat sinks potentially used in photothermal therapy. - Abstract: Suspensions in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) of gold nanorods stabilized with cetyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (CTABr), polystyrenesulfonate (PSS) and methyl-polyethyleneglycol-thiol (m-PEG-SH) have been prepared and the evolution of their colloidal stability and plasmonic response over time has been evaluated. Their performance after lyophilization, alcoholic sterilization and resuspension has also been characterized. Sub-cytotoxic doses on HeLa cells were calculated for the three surface functionalizations used. Their heating efficiency at different exposure times was also evaluated after being irradiated with near infrared light. The best results were obtained for m-PEG-SH stabilized rods, which were not only stable, sterilizable and lyophilizable, but also biocompatible at all doses tested, showing potential as a stable, re-suspendible and biocompatible hyperthermic agent.

Gomez, Leyre [Department of Chemical Engineering, Nanoscience Institute of Aragon (INA), C/ Mariano Esquillor, R and D Building, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); Cebrian, Virginia [CIBER de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, CIBER-BBN, Zaragoza (Spain); Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZ, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid (Spain); Martin-Saavedra, Francisco [Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZ, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid (Spain); CIBER de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, CIBER-BBN, Zaragoza (Spain); Arruebo, Manuel, E-mail: arruebom@unizar.es [Department of Chemical Engineering, Nanoscience Institute of Aragon (INA), C/ Mariano Esquillor, R and D Building, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); CIBER de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, CIBER-BBN, Zaragoza (Spain); Vilaboa, Nuria [Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZ, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid (Spain); CIBER de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, CIBER-BBN, Zaragoza (Spain); Santamaria, Jesus, E-mail: Jesus.Santamaria@unizar.es [Department of Chemical Engineering, Nanoscience Institute of Aragon (INA), C/ Mariano Esquillor, R and D Building, University of Zaragoza, 50018 Zaragoza (Spain); CIBER de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina, CIBER-BBN, Zaragoza (Spain)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

A method of measuring gold nanoparticle concentrations by x-ray fluorescence for biomedical applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: This paper reports a technique that enables the quantitative determination of the concentration of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) through the accurate detection of their fluorescence radiation in the diagnostic x-ray spectrum. Methods: Experimentally, x-ray fluorescence spectra of 1.9 and 15 nm GNP solutions are measured using an x-ray spectrometer, individually and within chicken breast tissue samples. An optimal combination of excitation and emission filters is determined to segregate the fluorescence spectra at 66.99 and 68.80 keV from the background scattering. A roadmap method is developed that subtracts the scattered radiation (acquired before the insertion of GNP solutions) from the signal radiation acquired after the GNP solutions are inserted. Results: The methods effectively minimize the background scattering in the spectrum measurements, showing linear relationships between GNP solutions from 0.1% to 10% weight concentration and from 0.1% to 1.0% weight concentration inside a chicken breast tissue sample. Conclusions: The investigation demonstrated the potential of imaging gold nanoparticles quantitatively in vivo for in-tissue studies, but future studies will be needed to investigate the ability to apply this method to clinical applications.

Wu Di; Li Yuhua; Wong, Molly D.; Liu Hong [Center for Bioengineering and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Observations of proton beam enhancement due to erbium hydride on gold foil targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent theoretical work suggests that the conversion efficiency from laser to protons in laser irradiated thin foil experiments increases if the atomic mass of nonhydrogen atoms on the foil rear surface increases. Experiments were performed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Jupiter Laser Facility to observe the effect of thin foils coated with erbium hydride on the conversion efficiency from laser to protons. Gold foils with and without the rear surface coated with ErH{sub 3} were irradiated using the ultrashort pulse, 40 TW Callisto laser. An argon-ion etching system was used to remove naturally occurring nanometer thick surface layer contaminants from the hydride. With the etcher, gold with ErH{sub 3} showed a 25% increase in the conversion efficiency to protons above 3.4 MeV relative to contaminants, where C{sup +4} and H{sup +} were the dominant ion species. No difference in the ion signal was observed without first cleaning the hydrides. Simulations using the hybrid PIC code, LSP, revealed that the increase due to erbium hydride versus contaminants is 37% for protons above 3 MeV.

Offermann, D. T.; Van Woerkom, L. D. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Freeman, R. R. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States); Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Department of Applied Science, University of California Davis, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Foord, M. E.; Hey, D.; Key, M. H.; Mackinnon, A. J.; MacPhee, A. G.; Patel, P. K.; Ping, Y.; Sanchez, J. J.; Shen, N. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Bartal, T.; Beg, F. N. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Espada, L. [Sandia National Laboratory, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87185 (United States); Chen, C. D. [Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The adsorption of gold, palladium and platinum from acidic chloride solutions on mesoporous carbons.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Studies on the adsorption characteristics of gold, palladium and platinum on mesoporous carbon (CMK-3) and sulfur-impregnated mesoporous carbon (CMK-3/S) evaluated the benefits/drawbacks of the presence of a layer of elemental sulfur inside mesoporous carbon structures. Adsorption isotherms collected for Au(III), Pd(II) and Pt(IV) on those materials suggest that sulfur does enhance the adsorption of those metal ions in mildly acidic environment (pH 3). The isotherms collected in 1 M HCl show that the benefit of sulfur disappears due to the competing influence of large concentration of hydrogen ions on the ion-exchanging mechanism of metal ions sorption on mesoporous carbon surfaces. The collected acid dependencies illustrate similar adsorption characteristics for CMK-3 and CMK-3/S in 1-5 M HCl concentration range. Sorption of metal ions from diluted aqueous acidic mixtures of actual leached electronic waste demonstrated the feasibility of recovery of gold from such liquors.

Peter Zalupski; Rocklan McDowell; Guy Dutech

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Gold Farming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-hour days and earn up to -$250 a month playing on-line video games, collecting wealth and experience and selling their character's progress to those too busy--or simply too impatient--to do it themselves. So how much does a jump to say, level 60...

Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

443

Gold Nanoparticles  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky LearningGet Assistance GetGiantOnelectrochemistryGoGOING

444

Design, performance, and grounding aspects of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor ion cyclotron range of frequencies antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ITER's Ion Cyclotron Range of Frequencies (ICRF) system [Lamalle et al., Fusion Eng. Des. 88, 517–520 (2013)] comprises two antenna launchers designed by CYCLE (a consortium of European associations listed in the author affiliations above) on behalf of ITER Organisation (IO), each inserted as a Port Plug (PP) into one of ITER's Vacuum Vessel (VV) ports. Each launcher is an array of 4 toroidal by 6 poloidal RF current straps specified to couple up to 20?MW in total to the plasma in the frequency range of 40 to 55 MHz but limited to a maximum system voltage of 45?kV and limits on RF electric fields depending on their location and direction with respect to, respectively, the torus vacuum and the toroidal magnetic field. A crucial aspect of coupling ICRF power to plasmas is the knowledge of the plasma density profiles in the Scrape-Off Layer (SOL) and the location of the RF current straps with respect to the SOL. The launcher layout and details were optimized and its performance estimated for a worst case SOL provided by the IO. The paper summarizes the estimated performance obtained within the operational parameter space specified by IO. Aspects of the RF grounding of the whole antenna PP to the VV port and the effect of the voids between the PP and the Blanket Shielding Modules (BSM) surrounding the antenna front are discussed. These blanket modules, whose dimensions are of the order of the ICRF wavelengths, together with the clearance gaps between them will constitute a corrugated structure which will interact with the electromagnetic waves launched by ICRF antennas. The conditions in which the grooves constituted by the clearance gaps between the blanket modules can become resonant are studied. Simple analytical models and numerical simulations show that mushroom type structures (with larger gaps at the back than at the front) can bring down the resonance frequencies, which could lead to large voltages in the gaps between the blanket modules and perturb the RF properties of the antenna if they are in the ICRF operating range. The effect on the wave propagation along the wall structure, which is acting as a spatially periodic (toroidally and poloidally) corrugated structure, and hence constitutes a slow wave structure modifying the wall boundary condition, is examined.

Durodié, F., E-mail: frederic.durodie@rma.ac.be; Dumortier, P.; Vrancken, M.; Messiaen, A.; Huygen, S.; Louche, F.; Van Schoor, M.; Vervier, M. [LPP-ERM/KMS, Association EURATOM-Belgian State, Brussels (Belgium); Bamber, R.; Hancock, D.; Lockley, D.; Nightingale, M. P. S.; Shannon, M.; Tigwell, P.; Wilson, D. [EURATOM/CCFE Assoc., Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Maggiora, R.; Milanesio, D. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA, Politechnico di Torino (Italy); Winkler, K. [IPP-MPI, EURATOM-Assoziation, Garching (Germany)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

UC's Blue and Gold Opportunity Plan will cover your educational and student services fees with a combination of grants and scholarships, if you are a California resident whose family earns less than  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UC's Blue and Gold Opportunity Plan will cover your educational and student services fees,000 and if you qualify for financial aid. Blue and Gold Opportunity Plan will cover $12,192 for 2011-12 and $12 in an academic year term. Blue and Gold Plan does not extend to summer months. Meet basic, non

Grether, Gregory

446

Predictions of fast wave heating, current drive, and current drive antenna arrays for advanced tokamaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the advanced tokamak program is to optimize plasma performance leading to a compact tokamak reactor through active, steady state control of the current profile using non-inductive current drive and profile control. To achieve these objectives requires compatibility and flexibility in the use of available heating and current drive systems--ion cyclotron radio frequency (ICRF), neutral beams, and lower hybrid. For any advanced tokamak, the following are important challenges to effective use of fast waves in various roles of direct electron heating, minority ion heating, and current drive: (1) to employ the heating and current drive systems to give self-consistent pressure and current profiles leading to the desired advanced tokamak operating modes; (2) to minimize absorption of the fast waves by parasitic resonances, which limit current drive; (3) to optimize and control the spectrum of fast waves launched by the antenna array for the required mix of simultaneous heating and current drive. The authors have addressed these issues using theoretical and computational tools developed at a number of institutions by benchmarking the computations against available experimental data and applying them to the specific case of TPX.

Batchelor, D.B.; Baity, F.W.; Carter, M.D. [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

Hyperbolic-metamaterial antennas for broadband enhancement of dipole emission to free space  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dipole emitters used in nano optics and nanophotonics (e.g., fluorescent molecules or quantum dots) are weak radiators and thus detecting the radiation of a single emitter gets possible only if it is significantly enhanced. For this enhancement, one often utilizes resonant nanoantennas (Purcell's effect); this method, however, requires the exact knowledge of source location and radiation frequency which constitute a significant drawback. One known possibility for broadband location-insensitive radiation enhancement is to use a layer of the so-called hyperbolic metamaterial. However, the enhanced radiated energy is mainly directed into the volume of the lossy medium, where it is lost to heating. In this work, we suggest specific shapes of macroscopic hyperbolic metamaterial samples to open radiation windows for enhanced radiation to free space. We show that hyperbolic media slabs with properly shaped macroscopic grooves convert the evanescent waves produced by a dipole into waves traveling in free space, which results in the enhancement of useful radiation by one to two orders of magnitude. That level of enhancement of radiation into free-space which is also wideband and of non-resonant nature has not been reported up to now. These results may open possibilities for realization of broadband and directive antennas, where the primary radiators are randomly positioned fluorescent molecules or quantum dots.

Valagiannopoulos, C. A. [Department of Radio Science and Engineering, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, P.O. Box 13000, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1616 Guadalupe St., Texas 78712 (United States); Mirmoosa, M. S.; Nefedov, I. S.; Tretyakov, S. A.; Simovski, C. R. [Department of Radio Science and Engineering, School of Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, P.O. Box 13000, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

448

Zoned near-zero refractive index fishnet lens antenna: Steering millimeter waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A zoned fishnet metamaterial lens is designed, fabricated, and experimentally demonstrated at millimeter wavelengths to work as a negative near-zero refractive index lens suitable for compact lens antenna configurations. At the design frequency f?=?56.7?GHz (?{sub 0}?=?5.29?mm), the zoned fishnet metamaterial lens, designed to have a focal length FL?=?9?{sub 0}, exhibits a refractive index n?=??0.25. The focusing performance of the diffractive optical element is briefly compared with that of a non-zoned fishnet metamaterial lens and an isotropic homogeneous zoned lens made of a material with the same refractive index. Experimental and numerically-computed radiation diagrams of the fabricated zoned lens are presented and compared in detail with that of a simulated non-zoned lens. Simulation and experimental results are in good agreement, demonstrating an enhancement generated by the zoned lens of 10.7?dB, corresponding to a gain of 12.26?dB. Moreover, beam steering capability of the structure by shifting the feeder on the xz-plane is demonstrated.

Pacheco-Peña, V., E-mail: victor.pacheco@unavarra.es; Orazbayev, B., E-mail: b.orazbayev@unavarra.es; Beaskoetxea, U., E-mail: unai.beaskoetxea@unavarra.es; Beruete, M., E-mail: miguel.beruete@unavarra.es [TERALAB (MmW—THz—IR and Plasmonics Laboratory), Universidad Pública de Navarra, Campus Arrosadía, 31006 Pamplona (Spain); Navarro-Cía, M., E-mail: m.navarro@imperial.ac.uk [Optical and Semiconductor Devices Group, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BT (United Kingdom); Centre for Plasmonics and Metamaterials, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Centre for Terahertz Science and Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

449

Plasmon-enhanced polymer photovoltaic cells based on large aspect ratio gold nanorods and the related working mechanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasmon-enhanced polymer photovoltaic cells based on large aspect ratio gold nanorods-to-electrical conversion performances in polymer photovoltaic cells. Totally different improvement factors in short AIP Publishing LLC. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4880575] Organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells

Xiong, Qihua

450

Gold(I)-catalyzed formation of furans by a Claisen-type rearrangement of ynenyl allyl ethers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

June 2011 This article is part of the Thematic Series "Gold catalysis for organic synthesis". Guest in this field which have led to the development of a new procedure for the synthesis of polysubstituted furans of furans. Scheme 2: Synthetic approach to functionalized furans. ized pyrroles 3 (X = NTs) in the presence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

Infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy studies of CO adsorption on titania thin films and gold clusters supported on titania  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

absorptions at 2180cm?¹ and 2110cm?¹. The 2180cm?¹ peak is assigned to CO adsorbed on Ti?? sites The absorption at 2110cm?¹ appears to have at least two component peaks that may be from CO adsorbed on top of gold clusters and CO adsorbed at Au-TiO? interface...

White, Kevin Rodney

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

WHITE Co-Op Office YELLOW Advisor PINK Employer GOLD Student coop: 02-2011 WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHITE ­ Co-Op Office YELLOW ­ Advisor PINK ­ Employer GOLD ­ Student coop: 02-2011 WEST VIRGINIA and Mineral Resources and the employer. 4. Consult your academic advisor to closely arrange and monitor your _____________________ Date __________ Academic Advisor _____________________ Department _____________________ Date

Mohaghegh, Shahab

453

The reduction of minority carrier lifetimes in silicon devices by gold doping as influenced by conditions encountered in their production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hot, concer, trated HF, H SO, p and HHO ~ Various amounts 2 4' 3 of gold ccere deposited on the waf'ers f' or diffusion, the maximum single deposition being a film 710L thick, the cuinizum being 10, '. . It, was ant' cipated that no diff...

Larkin, James Buford

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Pulse electrodeposition of gold-nickel alloys from a citrate bath. 1. Deposition rate and coating appearance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of various parameters of pulse polarizing current on the deposition rate and appearance of gold-nickel coatings used in the watch industry was studied. It was shown that the pulse conditions allow deposition-rate enhancement and production of variously colored coatings.

Kostin, N.A.; Kaptanovskii, V.I. [State Technical Univ. of Railway Transport, Dnepropetrovsk (Ukraine)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Exploring the structure and chemical activity of 2-D gold islands on graphene moire/Ru(0001)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploring the structure and chemical activity of 2-D gold islands on graphene moire/Ru(0001) Ye Xu May 2011 DOI: 10.1039/c1fd00030f Au deposited on Ru(0001)-supported extended, continuous graphene. These Au islands conform to the corrugation of the underlying graphene and display commensurate moire

Goodman, Wayne

456

Evaluation of gold and silver leaching from printed circuit board of cellphones  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: • Printed circuit boards (PCB) of mobile phones have large amounts of metals with high economic value such as gold and silver. • Dissolution of gold was done with a cyanide-based reagent and silver with nitric acid. • Leaching of PCB with Na{sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 3} and (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 3} to examine the feasibility of using these reagents was done. - Abstract: Electronic waste has been increasing proportionally with the technology. So, nowadays, it is necessary to consider the useful life, recycling, and final disposal of these equipment. Metals, such as Au, Ag, Cu, Sn and Ni can be found in the printed circuit boards (PCB). According to this, the aims of this work is to characterize the PCBs of mobile phones with aqua regia; obtaining “reference” values of leaching, to gold and silver, with cyanide and nitric acid, respectively; and study the process of leaching of these metals in alternative leaching with sodium thiosulfate and ammonium thiosulfate. The metals were characterized by digesting the sample with aqua regia for 1 and 2 h at 60 °C and 80 °C. The leaching of Au with a commercial reagent (cyanide) and the Ag with HNO{sub 3}were made. The leaching of Au and Ag with alternative reagents: Na{sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 3,} and (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 3} in 0.1 M concentration with the addition of CuSO{sub 4}, NH{sub 4}OH, and H{sub 2}O{sub 2}, was also studied. The results show that the digestion with aqua regia was efficient to characterize the metals present in the PCBs of mobile phones. However, the best method to solubilize silver was by digesting the sample with nitric acid. The leaching process using sodium thiosulfate was more efficient when an additional concentration of 0.015 and 0.030 M of the CuSO{sub 4} was added.

Petter, P.M.H., E-mail: patymhp@yahoo.com.br; Veit, H.M.; Bernardes, A.M.

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Communication: CO oxidation by silver and gold cluster cations: Identification of different active oxygen species  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oxidation of carbon monoxide with nitrous oxide on mass-selected Au{sub 3}{sup +} and Ag{sub 3}{sup +} clusters has been investigated under multicollision conditions in an octopole ion trap experiment. The comparative study reveals that for both gold and silver cations carbon dioxide is formed on the clusters. However, whereas in the case of Au{sub 3}{sup +} the cluster itself acts as reactive species that facilitates the formation of CO{sub 2} from N{sub 2}O and CO, for silver the oxidized clusters Ag{sub 3}O{sub x}{sup +} (n= 1-3) are identified as active in the CO oxidation reaction. Thus, in the case of the silver cluster cations N{sub 2}O is dissociated and one oxygen atom is suggested to directly react with CO, whereas a second kind of oxygen strongly bound to silver is acting as a substrate for the reaction.

Popolan, Denisia M.; Bernhardt, Thorsten M. [Institute of Surface Chemistry and Catalysis, University of Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 47, 89069 Ulm (Germany)

2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

458

Standing Arrays of Gold Nanorods End-Tethered with Polymer Ligands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanomaterials with vectoral electromagnetic properties have potential applications in solar cells, plasmonic cavity resonators, light polarizers, and biosensing. Here a new, simple, solution-based method for producing nanomaterials comprising vertically aligned standing arrays of gold nanorods (NRs) end-functionalized with polymer ligands is reported. The method utilizes the side-by-side assembly of the NRs into large 2D superlattices, followed by the precipitation of the lattices on a solid substrate. The critical design rules for the self-assembly of superlattices are demonstrated, and they show the generality of the method by forming standing arrays from the NRs end-tethered with poly(N-vinylcarbazole) or with polystyrene molecules.

Kumacheva E.; Nykypanchuk D.; Petukhova, A.; Greener, J.; Liu, K.; Nicolay, R.; Matyjaszewski, K.; Kumacheva, E.

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

459

Probing the photoluminescence properties of gold nanoclusters by fluorescence lifetime correlation spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold nanoclusters (Au NCs) have attracted much attention for promising applications in biological imaging owing to their tiny sizes and biocompatibility. So far, most efforts have been focused on the strategies for fabricating high-quality Au NCs and then characterized by conventional ensemble measurement. Here, a fusion single-molecule technique combining fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and time-correlated single-photon counting can be successfully applied to probe the photoluminescence (PL) properties for sparse Au NCs. In this case, the triplet-state dynamics and diffusion process can be observed simultaneously and the relevant time constants can be derived. This work provides a complementary insight into the PL mechanism at the molecular levels for Au NCs in solution.

Yuan, C. T., E-mail: ctyuan@cycu.edu.tw; Lin, T. N.; Shen, J. L. [Department of Physics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung-Li, Taiwan (China) [Department of Physics, Chung Yuan Christian University, Chung-Li, Taiwan (China); Center for Biomedical Technology, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan (China); Lin, C. A.; Chang, W. H. [Center for Biomedical Technology, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan (China) [Center for Biomedical Technology, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan (China); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan (China); Cheng, H. W. [Department of Engineering and system science, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Engineering and system science, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan (China); Tang, J., E-mail: jautang@gate.sinica.edu.tw [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taiwan (China)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

460

Nonlinear Photoemission Electron Micrographs of Plasmonic Nanoholes in Gold Thin Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nonlinear photoemission electron microscopy of isolated nanoholes in gold thin films map propagating surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) launched from the lithographically patterned plasmonic structures. A damped sinusoidal elongated ring-like photoemission beat pattern is observed from the nanoholes, following low angle of incidence irradiation of these structures with sub-15 fs 780 nm laser pulses. A notable agreement between finite difference time domain simulations and experiment corroborates our assignment of the observed photoemission patterns to SPPs launched from isolated nanoholes and probed through nonlinear photoemission. We also demonstrate how the efficiency of coupling light waves into isolated plasmonic holes can be tuned by varying hole diameter. In this regard, a simple intuitive geometrical model, which accounts for the observed and simulated diameter dependent plasmonic response, is proposed. Overall, this study paves the way for designing nanohole assemblies where optical coupling and subsequent plasmon propagation can be rationally controlled through 2D SPP interferometry

Gong, Yu; Joly, Alan G.; El-Khoury, Patrick Z.; Hess, Wayne P.

2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Exploring Cosmological Expansion Parametrizations with the Gold SnIa Dataset  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the SnIa Gold dataset to compare LCDM with 10 representative parametrizations of the recent Hubble expansion history $H(z)$. For the comparison we use two statistical tests; the usual $\\chi_{min}^2$ which is insensitive to the parametrization number of parameters, and a statistic we call the p-test which depends on both the value of $\\chi_{min}^2$ and the number $n$ of the parametrization parameters. The p-test measures the confidence level to which the parameter values corresponding to LCDM are excluded from the viewpoint of the parametrization tested. For example, for a linear equation of state parametrization $w(z)=w_0 + w_1 z$ the LCDM parameter values ($w_0=-1$, $w_1=0$) are excluded at 75% confidence level. We use a flat prior and $\\Omega_{0m}=0.3$. All parametrizations tested are consistent with the Gold dataset at their best fit. According to both statistical tests, the worst fits among the 10 parametrizations, correspond to the Chaplygin gas, the brane world and the Cardassian parametrizations. The best fit is achieved by oscillating parametrizations which can exclude the parameter values corresponding to LCDM at 85% confidence level. Even though this level of significance does not provide a statistically significant exclusion of LCDM (it is less than $2\\sigma$) and does not by itself constitute conclusive evidence for oscillations in the cosmological expansion, when combined with similar independent recent evidence for oscillations coming from the CMB and matter power spectra it becomes an issue worth of further investigation.

R. Lazkoz; S. Nesseris; L. Perivolaropoulos

2005-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

462

Ionospheric inversion of the Venus Express radio occultation data observed by Shanghai 25 m and New Norcia 35 m antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron density profiles of the Venus' ionosphere are inverted from the Venus Express (VEX) one-way open-loop radio occultation experiments carried out by Shanghai 25 m antenna from November 2011 to January 2012 at solar maximum conditions and by New Norcia 35 m antenna from August 2006 to June 2008 at solar intermediate conditions. The electron density profile (from 110 km to 400 km) retrieved from the X-band egress observation at Shanghai station, shows a single peak near 147 km with a peak density of about $2 \\times 10^4 \\rm{cm}^{-3}$ at a solar zenith angle of 94$^{\\circ}$. As a comparison, the VEX radio science (VeRa) observations at New Norcia station were also examined, including S-, X-band and dual-frequency data in the ingress mode. The results show that the electron density profiles retrieved from the S-band data are more analogous to the dual-frequency data in the profile shape, compared with the X-band data. Generally, the S-band results slightly underestimate the magnitude of the peak density, w...

Zhang, Su-jun; Li, Jin-ling; Ping, Jin-song; Chen, Cong-yan; Zhang, Ke-fei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Coverage Dependent Charge Reduction of Cationic Gold Clusters on Surfaces Prepared Using Soft Landing of Mass-selected Ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ionic charge state of monodisperse cationic gold clusters on surfaces may be controlled by selecting the coverage of mass-selected ions soft landed onto a substrate. Polydisperse diphosphine-capped gold clusters were synthesized in solution by reduction of chloro(triphenylphosphine)gold(I) with borane tert-butylamine in the presence of 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane. The polydisperse gold clusters were introduced into the gas phase by electrospray ionization and mass selection was employed to select a multiply charged cationic cluster species (Au11L53+, m/z = 1409, L = 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphino)propane) which was delivered to the surfaces of four different self-assembled monolayers on gold (SAMs) at coverages of 1011 and 1012 clusters/mm2. Employing the spatial profiling capabilities of in-situ time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) it is shown that, in addition to the chemical functionality of the monolayer (as demonstrated previously: ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 573) the coverage of cationic gold clusters on the surface may be used to control the distribution of ionic charge states of the soft-landed multiply charged clusters. In the case of a 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorodecanethiol SAM (FSAM) almost complete retention of charge by the deposited Au11L53+ clusters was observed at a lower coverage of 1011 clusters/mm2. In contrast, at a higher coverage of 1012 clusters/mm2, pronounced reduction of charge to Au11L52+ and Au11L5+ was observed on the FSAM. When soft landed onto 16- and 11-mercaptohexadecanoic acid surfaces on gold (16,11-COOH-SAMs), the mass-selected Au11L53+ clusters exhibited partial reduction of charge to Au11L52+ at lower coverage and additional reduction of charge to both Au11L52+ and Au11L5+ at higher coverage. The reduction of charge was found to be more pronounced on the surface of the shorter (thinner) C11 than the longer (thicker) C16-COOH-SAM. On the surface of the 1-dodecanethiol (HSAM) monolayer, the most abundant charge state was found to be Au11L52+ at lower coverage and Au11L5+ at higher coverage, respectively. A coverage-dependent electron tunneling mechanism is proposed to account for the observed reduction of charge of mass-selected multiply charged gold clusters soft landed on SAMs. The results demonstrate that one of the critical parameters that influence the chemical and physical properties of supported metal clusters, ionic charge state, may be controlled by selecting the coverage of charged species soft landed onto surfaces.

Johnson, Grant E.; Priest, Thomas A.; Laskin, Julia

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

464

Radiosensitizer-eluting nanocoatings on gold fiducials for biological in-situ image-guided radio therapy (BIS-IGRT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-eluting nanocoatings on gold fiducials for biological in-situ image-guided radio therapy (BIS-IGRT) D K Nagesha1,3 , D, an initial release within the first few hours was followed by a sustained release over the course of the next-9155/10/206039+14$30.00 © 2010 Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine Printed in the UK 6039 #12;6040 D K Nagesha et al

Sridhar, Srinivas

465

Electrocatalysts having platium monolayers on palladium, palladium alloy, and gold alloy core-shell nanoparticles, and uses thereof  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention relates to platinum-coated particles useful as fuel cell electrocatalysts. The particles are composed of a noble metal or metal alloy core at least partially encapsulated by an atomically thin surface layer of platinum atoms. The invention particularly relates to such particles having a palladium, palladium alloy, gold alloy, or rhenium alloy core encapsulated by an atomic monolayer of platinum. In other embodiments, the invention relates to fuel cells containing these electrocatalysts and methods for generating electrical energy therefrom.

Adzic, Radoslav (Setauket, NY); Mo, Yibo (Naperville, IL); Vukmirovic, Miomir (Port Jefferson Station, NY); Zhang, Junliang (Rochester, NY)

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

466

Anomalous patterns and nearly defect-free ripples produced by bombarding silicon and germanium with a beam of gold ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate that surface ripples with an exceptionally high degree of order can develop when germanium is bombarded with a broad beam of gold ions. In contrast, if silicon is sputtered with an Au{sup ?} beam, patches of ripples with two distinct wave vectors can emerge. These types of order can be understood if the coupling between the surface morphology and composition is taken into account.

Mollick, Safiul Alam; Ghose, Debabrata [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Sector - I, Block - AF, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700064 (India); Shipman, Patrick D. [Department of Mathematics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States); Mark Bradley, R. [Department of Physics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

467

Ultrasmall Glutathione-Protected Gold Nanoclusters as Next Generation Radiotherapy Sensitizers with High Tumor Uptake and High Renal Clearance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiotherapy is often the most straightforward first line cancer treatment for solid tumors. While it is highly effective against tumors, there is also collateral damage to healthy proximal tissues especially with high doses. The use of radiosensitizers is an effective way to boost the killing efficacy of radiotherapy against the tumor while drastically limiting the received dose and reducing the possible damage to normal tissues. Here, we report the design and application of a good radiosensitizer by using ultrasmall gold nanoclusters with a naturally occurring peptide (e.g., glutathione or GSH) as the protecting shell. The GSH coated gold nanoclusters can escape the RES absorption, leading to a good tumor uptake (8.1% ID/g at 24 h post injection). As a result, the as-designed Au nanoclusters led to a strong enhancement for radiotherapy, as well as a negligible damage to normal tissues. After the treatment, the ultrasmall gold nanoclusters can be efficiently cleared by the kidney, thereby avoiding potential ...

Zhang, Xiao-Dong; Chen, Jie; Song, Shasha; Yuan, Xun; Shen, Xiu; Wang, Hao; Sun, Yuanming; Gao, Kai; Zhang, Lianfeng; Fan, Saijun; Leong, David Tai; Guo, Meili; Xie, Jianping

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Tuning of colossal dielectric constant in gold-polypyrrole composite nanotubes using in-situ x-ray diffraction techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In-situ x-ray diffraction technique has been used to study the growth process of gold incorporated polypyrrole nanotubes that exhibit colossal dielectric constant due to existence of quasi-one-dimensional charge density wave state. These composite nanotubes were formed within nanopores of a polycarbonate membrane by flowing pyrrole monomer from one side and mixture of ferric chloride and chloroauric acid from other side in a sample cell that allows collection of x-ray data during the reaction. The size of the gold nanoparticle embedded in the walls of the nanotubes was found to be dependent on chloroauric acid concentration for nanowires having diameter more than 100 nm. For lower diameter nanotubes the nanoparticle size become independent of chloroauric acid concentration and depends on the diameter of nanotubes only. The result of this study also shows that for 50 nm gold-polypyrrole composite nanotubes obtained with 5.3 mM chloroauric acid gives colossal dielectric constant of about 10{sup 7}. This value remain almost constant over a frequency range from 1Hz to 10{sup 6} Hz even at 80 K temperature.

Sarma, Abhisakh; Sanyal, Milan K., E-mail: milank.sanyal@saha.ac.in [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Ionization dynamics and radiative behavior of a betatron driven gold atom  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study of inner-shell transitions induced by an intense (>10{sup 19}?W/cm{sup 2}) ultrashort (?5 fs) x-ray pulse provides a challenging opportunity to investigate the behavior and dynamics of hollow atoms and to explore the feasibility of creating population inversions in some of the inner-shell states that may lead to a variety of amplifications and gains in the x-ray regime. In this paper, we investigate the interaction through inner-shell photoionizations of a spectrally broad femtosecond pulse of betatron x-ray radiation incident on a gold atom. The level populations of Pt-like Au and Ir-like Au are described by non-(local thermodynamic equilibrium) inner-shell dynamics and compared and contrasted with the level populations created by a 'single' frequency x-ray laser pulse. Gain coefficients for a variety of transitions are calculated. It is found that long wavelength x-rays must be filtered from the betatron spectrum before any population inversions can be generated.

Davis, J.; Petrova, Tz. B.; Whitney, K. G. [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)] [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Density functional theory approach to gold-ligand interactions: Separating true effects from artifacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Donor-acceptor interactions are notoriously difficult and unpredictable for conventional density functional theory (DFT) methodologies. This work presents a reliable computational treatment of gold-ligand interactions of the donor-acceptor type within DFT. These interactions require a proper account of the ionization potential of the electron donor and electron affinity of the electron acceptor. This is accomplished in the Generalized Kohn Sham framework that allows one to relate these properties to the frontier orbitals in DFT via the tuning of range-separated functionals. A donor and an acceptor typically require different tuning schemes. This poses a problem when the binding energies are calculated using the supermolecular method. A two-parameter tuning for the monomer properties ensures that a common functional, optimal for both the donor and the acceptor, is found. A reliable DFT approach for these interactions also takes into account the dispersion contribution. The approach is validated using the water dimer and the (HAuPH{sub 3}){sub 2} aurophilic complex. Binding energies are computed for Au{sub 4} interacting with the following ligands: SCN{sup ?}, benzenethiol, benzenethiolate anion, pyridine, and trimethylphosphine. The results agree for the right reasons with coupled-cluster reference values.

Koppen, Jessica V.; Szcz??niak, Ma?gorzata M., E-mail: bryant@oakland.edu [Department of Chemistry, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 (United States); Hapka, Micha?; Modrzejewski, Marcin [Faculty of Chemistry, Warsaw University, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warszawa (Poland); Cha?asi?ski, Grzegorz [Faculty of Chemistry, Warsaw University, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warszawa (Poland); Department of Chemistry, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 (United States)

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

471

Effect of defocusing on picosecond laser-coupling into gold cones  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here, we show that defocusing of the laser in the interaction of a picosecond duration, 1.053??m wavelength, high energy pulse with a cone-wire target does not significantly affect the laser energy coupling efficiency, but does result in a drop in the fast electron effective temperature. This may be beneficial for fast ignition, since not only were more electrons with lower energies seen in the experiment but also the lower prepulse intensity will reduce the amount of preplasma present on arrival of the main pulse, reducing the distance the hot electrons have to travel. We used the Vulcan Petawatt Laser at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and gold cone targets with approximately 1?mm long, 40??m diameter copper wires attached to their tip. Diagnostics included a quartz crystal imager, a pair of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite crystal spectrometers and a calibrated CCD operating in the single photon counting regime, all of which looked at the copper K{sub ?} emission from the wire. A short pulse optical probe, delayed 400 ps relative to the main pulse was employed to diagnose the extent of plasma expansion around the wire. A ray-tracing code modeled the change in intensity on the interior surface of the cone with laser defocusing. Using a model for the wire copper K{sub ?} emission coupled to a hybrid Vlasov-Fokker-Planck code, we ran a series of simulations, holding the total energy in electrons constant whilst varying the electron temperature, which support the experimental conclusions.

Bush, I. A., E-mail: ian.bush@gmail.com; Pasley, J. [York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DQ (United Kingdom) [York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DQ (United Kingdom); Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Thomas, A. G. R. [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2099 (United States)] [Center for Ultrafast Optical Science, Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2099 (United States); Gartside, L.; Sarfraz, S.; Wagenaars, E. [York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DQ (United Kingdom)] [York Plasma Institute, Department of Physics, University of York, York YO10 5DQ (United Kingdom); Green, J. S.; Notley, M.; Lowe, H.; Spindloe, C.; Winstone, T.; Robinson, A. P. L.; Clarke, R. [Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)] [Central Laser Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Ma, T.; Yabuuchi, T.; Wei, M.; Beg, F. N. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0411 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0411 (United States); Stephens, R. B. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121-1122 (United States)] [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121-1122 (United States); MacPhee, A.; MacKinnon, A. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550-9234 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550-9234 (United States); and others

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Measurements of Aerosol Charge and Size Distribution for Graphite, Gold, Palladium, and Silver Nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of charge on aerosol evolution and hence the nuclear source term has been an issue of interest, and there is a need for both experimental techniques and modeling for quantifying this role. Our focus here is on further exploration of a tandem differential mobility analyzer (TDMA) technique to simultaneously measure both the size and charge (positive, negative and neutral) dependent aerosol distributions. We have generated graphite, gold, silver, and palladium nanoparticles (aerosol) using a spark generator. We measure the electrical mobility-size distributions for these aerosols using a TDMA, and from these data we deduce the full charge-size distributions. We observe asymmetry in the particle size distributions for negative and positive charges. This asymmetry could have a bearing on the dynamics of charged aerosols, indicating that the assumption of symmetry for size distributions of negatively and positively charged particles in source term simulations may not be always appropriate. Also, the experimental technique should find applications in measurements of aerosol rate processes that are affected by both particle charge and size (e.g. coagulation, deposition, resuspension), and hence in modeling and simulation of the nuclear source term.

Simones, Matthew P.; Gutti, Veera R.; Meyer, Ryan M.; Loyalka, Sudarshan K.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. X, NO. X, JANUARY 2013 1 MRI-derived 3D-printed breast phantom for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. X, NO. X, JANUARY 2013 1 MRI-derived 3D-printed--We propose a 3D-printed breast phantom for use in pre-clinical experimental microwave imaging studies the procedure for generating the 3D-printed breast phantom and present the measured dielectric properties

Van Veen, Barry D.

474

47th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference 1-4 May 2006 Newport, Rhode Island Tape Spring Large Deployable Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-mass 50 m2 deployable P-Band dual polarisation antenna that can measure terrestrial biomass levels from of the equation; we also need to have an accurate measure of the global biomass level, a major element of which. Existing optical or radar instruments can provide accurate measurements of the area of vegetation

Pellegrino, Sergio

475

From Structure to Dynamics: Modeling Exciton Dynamics in the Photosynthetic Antenna B. Bru1ggemann, K. Sznee, V. Novoderezhkin, R. van Grondelle, and V. May*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

complemented by various experiments focusing on the dynamics of excitation energy transfer and relaxation afterFrom Structure to Dynamics: Modeling Exciton Dynamics in the Photosynthetic Antenna PS1 B. Bru1 of Sciences and Institute of Molecular Biological Sciences, Vrije UniVersiteit, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV

Röder, Beate

476

Single-User Beamforming in Large-Scale MISO Systems with Per-Antenna Constant-Envelope Constraints: The Doughnut Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large antenna arrays at the base station (BS) has recently been shown to achieve remarkable intra-cell interference suppression at low complexity. However, building large arrays in practice, would require the use of power-efficient RF amplifiers, which generally have poor linearity characteristics and hence would require the use of input signals with a very small peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). In this paper, we consider the single-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) downlink channel for the case where the BS antennas are constrained to transmit signals having constant envelope (CE). We show that, with per-antenna CE transmission the effective channel seen by the receiver is a SISO AWGN channel with its input constrained to lie in a doughnut-shaped region. For single-path direct-line-of-sight (DLOS) and general i.i.d. fading channels, analysis of the effective doughnut channel shows that under a per-antenna CE input constraint, i) compared to an average-only total transmit power constrained MISO chan...

Mohammed, Saif Khan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Transparent Flexible Conductive Polymer Antennas Nicholas A. Vacirca, Nicholas J. Kirsch, Elizabeth E. Plowman, Adam K. Fontecchio, Kapil R. Dandekar, Timothy P. Kurzweg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Computer Engineering, Drexel University Antenna Testing & Results . PEDOT:PSS Conductive Polymer Printing-temperature printing methods also enable the use of many non-traditional substrates including polymers and plastics. PEDOT:PSS Solution Modifications Why Printing? Recently developed conductive materials, such as PEDOT

Kurzweg, Timothy P.

478

The Shoelace Antenna : a device to induce short-wavelength fluctuations in the edge plasma of the Alcator C-Mod Tokamak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The "Shoelace" antenna is a unique device built to induce short-wavelength fluctuations in the edge plasma of the Alcator C-Mod tokamak, at a wave number and in the frequency range associated with the Quasi-Coherent Mode ...

Golfinopoulos, Theodore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

IEEE TRANSACI'IONS ON BlOMEDlCAL ENGINEFRING. VOL 39. NO 9, SEPTEMBER 1992 935 An Eccentrically Coated Asymmetric Antenna  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are with the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Washington State University, Pull- man, WA 99164) patterns, where the heating rate is the amount of temperature increase per unit time per unit power [14 profiles for an eccentrically coated asymmet- ric antenna only when 6 5 0.5. I. INTRODUCTION N recent years

Broschat, Shira Lynn

480

Generation of high power pulsed terahertz radiation using a plasmonic photoconductive emitter array with logarithmic spiral antennas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An array of 3?×?3 plasmonic photoconductive terahertz emitters with logarithmic spiral antennas is fabricated on a low temperature (LT) grown GaAs substrate and characterized in response to a 200 fs optical pump from a Ti:sapphire mode-locked laser at 800?nm wavelength. A microlens array is used to split and focus the optical pump beam onto the active area of each plasmonic photoconductive emitter element. Pulsed terahertz radiation with record high power levels up to 1.9 mW in the 0.1–2 THz frequency range is measured at an optical pump power of 320 mW. The record high power pulsed terahertz radiation is enabled by the use of plasmonic contact electrodes, enhancing the photoconductor quantum efficiencies, and by increasing the overall device active area, mitigating the carrier screening effect and thermal breakdown at high optical pump power levels.

Berry, Christopher W. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Hashemi, Mohammad R.; Jarrahi, Mona [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "v-shaped gold antennas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Experimental demonstration of directive Si3N4 optical leaky wave antenna with semiconductor perturbations at near infrared frequencies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Directive optical leaky wave antennas (OLWAs) with tunable radiation pattern are promising integrated optical modulation and scanning devices. OLWAs fabricated using CMOS-compatible semiconductor planar waveguide technology have the potential of providing high directivity with electrical tunability for modulation and switching capabilities. We experimentally demonstrate directive radiation from a silicon nitride ($Si_3N_4$) waveguide-based OLWA. The OLWA design comprises 50 crystalline Si perturbations buried inside the waveguide, with a period of 1 {\\mu}m, each with a length of 260 nm and a height of 150 nm, leading to a directive radiation pattern at telecom wavelengths. The measured far-field radiation pattern at the wavelength of 1540 nm is very directive, with the maximum intensity at the angle of 84.4{\\deg} relative to the waveguide axis and a half-power beam width around 6.2{\\deg}, which is consistent with our theoretical predictions. The use of semiconductor perturbations facilitates electronic radiat...

Zhao, Qiancheng; Huang, Yuewang; Campione, Salvatore; Capolino, Filippo; Boyraz, Ozdal

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Mineralogical characterization of arsenic in gold mine tailings from three sites in Nova Scotia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chronic exposure to high concentrations of arsenic (As) in windblown and vehicle-raised dust from tailings sites in Nova Scotia poses a potential health risk to recreational users of these areas and to nearby residents. The exposure may involve inhalation of dust, as well as oral ingestion of particles. It is important to understand the mineralogy and morphology of As-bearing dust particles in order to evaluate the risk posed by near-surface particulates in As-bearing tailings fields, as this will influence the stability and toxicity of As in the wastes. Optical mineralogy, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe, X-ray diffraction, synchrotron-based micro-X-ray diffraction ({mu}XRD) and micro-X-ray absorption near edge structure ({mu}XANES), and sequential leach extractions were applied to tailings samples from three sites in eastern Nova Scotia. Arsenic occurs naturally in these gold deposits mainly in arsenopyrite (FeAsS). In the near-surface material of the tailings fields, sulphide minerals have almost completely oxidized to secondary minerals such as scorodite (FeAsO{sub 4}{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O) and Ca-Fe arsenates. Iron oxyhydroxides contain variable amounts of As{sub 2}O{sub 5} from trace to 30 wt.% and CaO up to 8 wt.%. The presence of multiple As-hosting solid phases, including relatively soluble Ca-Fe arsenates and Fe oxyhydroxides with adsorbed As has important implications for human health risk assessment and remediation design.

M Corriveau; H Jamieson; M Parsons; G Hall

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

Unusual mechanism for the short-range electron transfer within gold-alkanethiol-ionic-liquid films of subnanometer thickness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Exploiting nanoscopically tunable composite gold-alkanethiol-ionic-liquid/ferrocene self-assembled systems with tunable electron transfer distance, we discovered in the case of thinner alkanethiol films a thermally activated electron transfer pattern totally controlled by the viscosity-related slow relaxation mode(s) of the ionic liquid acting as the reactant's fluctuating environment. This pattern manifested through the activation enthalpy and volume parameters that are identical to those for viscous flow was explained in terms of the extreme adiabatic mechanism with a vanishing Marcus barrier (via the exponential Franck-Condon-like term approaching unity).

Khoshtariya, Dimitri E. [Department of Physics and Institute for Biophysics and Bionanosciences, I. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, I. Chavchavadze Avenue 3, 0128 Tbilisi, Georgia (United States); Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Egerlandstrasse 1, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics and Institute of Inorganic Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Gotua 12, 0160 Tbilisi, Georgia (United States); Dolidze, Tina D. [Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Egerlandstrasse 1, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Institute of Molecular Biology and Biophysics and Institute of Inorganic Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Gotua 12, 0160 Tbilisi, Georgia (United States); Eldik, Rudi van [Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Egerlandstrasse 1, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Increased superconducting transition temperature of a niobium thin-film proximity-coupled to gold nanoparticles using linking organic molecules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The superconducting critical temperature, TC, of thin Nb films is significantly modified when gold nanoparticles (NPs) are chemically linked to the Nb film, with a consistent enhancement when using 3 nm long disilane linker molecules. The TC increases by up to 10% for certain linker length and NPs size. No change is observed when the nanoparticles are physisorbed with non-linking molecules. Electron tunneling spectra acquired on the linked NPs below TC typically exhibit zero-bias peaks. We attribute these results to a pairing mechanism coupling electrons in the Nb and the NPs, mediated by the organic linkers.

Eran Katzir; Shira Yochelis; Felix Zeides; Nadav Katz; Yoav Kalcheim; Oded Millo; Gregory Leitus; Yuri Myasodeyov; Boris Ya. Shapiro; Ron Naaman; Yossi Paltiel

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

485

Inhomogeneous Si-doping of gold-seeded InAs nanowires grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated in situ Si doping of InAs nanowires grown by molecular beam epitaxy from gold seeds. The effectiveness of n-type doping is confirmed by electrical measurements showing an increase of the electron density with the Si flux. We also observe an increase of the electron density along the nanowires from the tip to the base, attributed to the dopant incorporation on the nanowire facets whereas no detectable incorporation occurs through the seed. Furthermore, the Si incorporation strongly influences the lateral growth of the nanowires without giving rise to significant tapering, revealing the complex interplay between axial and lateral growth.

Rolland, Chloe; Coinon, Christophe; Wallart, Xavier; Leturcq, Renaud [Institute of Electronics Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, UMR CNRS 8520, ISEN Department, Avenue Poincare, CS60069, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex (France)] [Institute of Electronics Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, UMR CNRS 8520, ISEN Department, Avenue Poincare, CS60069, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex (France); Caroff, Philippe [Institute of Electronics Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, UMR CNRS 8520, ISEN Department, Avenue Poincare, CS60069, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex (France) [Institute of Electronics Microelectronics and Nanotechnology, UMR CNRS 8520, ISEN Department, Avenue Poincare, CS60069, 59652 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex (France); Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200 (Australia)

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

486

Characterization of gold nanoparticle films: Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy with image analysis, and atomic force microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold nanoparticle films are of interest in several branches of science and technology, and accurate sample characterization is needed but technically demanding. We prepared such films by DC magnetron sputtering and recorded their mass thickness by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. The geometric thickness d{sub g}—from the substrate to the tops of the nanoparticles—was obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) combined with image analysis as well as by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The various techniques yielded an internally consistent characterization of the films. In particular, very similar results for d{sub g} were obtained by SEM with image analysis and by AFM.

Lansåker, Pia C., E-mail: pia.lansaker@angstrom.uu.se; Niklasson, Gunnar A.; Granqvist, Claes G. [Department of Engineering Sciences, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, P. O. Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Hallén, Anders [Royal Institute of Technology, KTH-ICT, Elektrum 229, Kista, SE-164 40 Stockholm (Sweden)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

487

Migration of gold atoms in graphene ribbons: Role of the edges Wei Zhang,1 Litao Sun,2,* Zijian Xu,1 Arkady V. Krasheninnikov,3,4 Ping Huai,1 Zhiyuan Zhu,1 and F. Banhart5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Migration of gold atoms in graphene ribbons: Role of the edges Wei Zhang,1 Litao Sun,2,* Zijian Xu atoms attached to single vacancies near the edges of graphene ribbons is studied using density-functional theory calculations. The stable position for a single gold atom is found to be on top of a vacancy

Krasheninnikov, Arkady V.

488

Rational design of gold catalysts with enhanced thermal stability: post modification of Au/TiO2 by amorphous SiO2 matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Au/TiO{sub 2} is highly active for CO oxidation, but it often suffers from sintering in high-temperature environments. In this work, we report on a novel design of gold catalysts, in which pre-formed Au/TiO{sub 2} catalysts were post decorated by amorphous SiO{sub 2} to suppress the agglomeration of gold particles. Even after being aged in O{sub 2}-He at 700 C, the SiO{sub 2}-decorated Au/TiO{sub 2} was still active for CO oxidation at ambient temperature.

Zhu, Haoguo [ORNL; Ma, Zhen [ORNL; Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Colloidal gold nanoparticle probe-based immunochromatographic assay for the rapid detection of chromium ions in water and serum samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An immunochromatographic assay (ICA) using gold nanoparticles coated with monoclonal antibody (McAb) for the detection of chromium ions (Cr) in water and serum samples was developed, optimized, and validated. Gold nanoparticles coated with affinity- purified monoclonal antibodies against isothiocyanobenzyl-EDTA (iEDTA)-chelated Cr3+ were used as the detecting reagent in this completive immunoassay-based one- step test strip. The ICA was investigated to measure chromium speciation in water samples. Chromium standard samples of 0-80 ng/mL in water were determined by the test strips. The results showed that the visual lowest detection limit (LDL) of the test strip was 50.0 ng/mL. A portable colorimetric lateral flow reader was used for the quantification of Cr. The results indicated that the linear range of the ICA with colorimetric detection was 5-80 ng/mL. The ICA was also validated for the detection of chromium ions in serum samples. The test trips showed high stability in that they could be stored at at 37 C for at least 12 weeks without significant loss of activity. The test strip also showed good selectivity for Cr detection with negligible interference from other heavy metals. Because of its low cost and short testing time (within 5 min), the test strip is especially suitable for on-site large- scale screening of Cr-polluted water samples, biomonitoring of Cr exposure, and many other field applications.

Liu, Xi; Xiang, Jun-Jian; Tang, Yong; Zhang, Xiao-Li; Fu, Qiang-Qiang; Zou, Jun-Hui; Lin, Yuehe

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Effects of Synthetic Amphiphilic alpha-Helical Peptides on the Electrochemical and Structural Properties of Supported Hybrid Bilayers on Gold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Amphiphilic {alpha}-helices were formed from designed synthetic peptides comprising alanine, phenylalanine, and lysine residues. The insertion of the -helical peptides into hybrid bilayers assembled on gold was studied by a variety of methods to assess the resulting structural characteristics, such as electrical resistance and molecular orientation. Self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of dodecanethiol (DDT); octadecanethiol (ODT); and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphothioethanol (DPPTE) were formed on gold substrates with and without incorporated peptide. Supported hybrid bilayers and multilayers of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) were formed on SAMs by the 'paint-freeze' method of bilayer formation. Modeling of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy data using equivalent electrochemical circuits revealed that the addition of peptide decreased dramatically the resistive element of the bilayer films while maintaining the value of the capacitive element, indicating successful incorporation of peptide into a well-formed bilayer. Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy data provided evidence that the molecules in the SAMs and hybrid multilayers were ordered even in the presence of peptide. The peptide insertion into the SAM was confirmed by observing the {pi}* resonance peak correlating with phenylalanine and a peak in the nitrogen K-edge regime attributable to the peptide bond.

Smith,M.; Tong, J.; Genzer, J.; Fischer, D.; Kilpatrick, P.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Fast-wave Power Flow Along SOL Field Lines In NSTX nd The Associated Power Deposition Profile Across The SOL In Front Of The Antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast-wave heating and current drive efficiencies can be reduced by a number of processes in the vicinity of the antenna and in the scrape off layer (SOL). On NSTX from around 25% to more than 60% of the high-harmonic fast-wave power can be lost to the SOL regions, and a large part of this lost power flows along SOL magnetic field lines and is deposited in bright spirals on the divertor floor and ceiling. We show that field-line mapping matches the location of heat deposition on the lower divertor, albeit with a portion of the heat outside of the predictions. The field-line mapping can then be used to partially reconstruct the profile of lost fast-wave power at the midplane in front of the antenna, and the losses peak close to the last closed flux surface (LCFS) as well as the antenna. This profile suggests a radial standing-wave pattern formed by fast-wave propagation in the SOL, and this hypothesis will be tested on NSTX-U. Advanced RF codes must reproduce these results so that such codes can be used to understand this edge loss and to minimize RF heat deposition and erosion in the divertor region on ITER.

Perkins, Roy

2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

492

Constraining globular cluster formation through studies of young massive clusters - V. ALMA observations of clusters in the Antennae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some formation scenarios that have been put forward to explain multiple populations within Globular Clusters (GCs) require that the young massive cluster have large reservoirs of cold gas within them, which is necessary to form future generations of stars. In this paper we use deep observations taken with Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) to assess the amount of molecular gas within 3 young (50-200 Myr) massive (~10^6 Msun) clusters in the Antennae galaxies. No significant CO(3--2) emission was found associated with any of the three clusters. We place upper limits for the molecular gas within these clusters of ~1x10^5 Msun (or <9 % of the current stellar mass). We briefly review different scenarios that propose multiple episodes of star formation and discuss some of their assumptions and implications. Our results are in tension with the predictions of GC formation scenarios that expect large reservoirs of cool gas within young massive clusters at these ages.

Cabrera-Ziri, I; Longmore, S N; Brogan, C; Hollyhead, K; Larsen, S S; Whitmore, B; Johnson, K; Chandar, R; Henshaw, J D; Davies, B; Hibbard, J E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

APAC'03 on Advanced Computing, Grid Applications and eResearch Gold Coast, Australia, 29th Sep2nd Oct 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Hobart, Australia 2 CSIRO Marine Research, Hobart, Australia 1 #12;incoming solar radiation [Ebert et al., 1995] and consequently reduces the absorption of solar energy into the upper ocean. The thermodynamicAPAC'03 on Advanced Computing, Grid Applications and eResearch Gold Coast, Australia, 29th Sep­2nd

Phipps, Steven J.

494

Interaction of CO molecules with evaporated silver, gold, and copper films: an infrared spectroscopic investigation using a thermal detection technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have used infrared absorption spectroscopy to study the adsorption of CO at low temperatures on evaporated films of silver, gold, and copper as a function of the coverage of CO and the deposition temperature of the metal. For all three metals we observe two distinct adsorption regimes when the cold metal is exposed to CO gas. These regimes arise depending on whether the deposition temperature of the metal (or the highest temperature at which the metal has been annealed) is above or below a threshold temperature. For all three metals, the shift of the vibrational frequency with CO coverage has been analyzed, and the static and dynamic contributions separated. An analysis of infrared intensities and vibrational polarizabilities shows no evidence for any special infrared enhancement analogous to the large enhancement in Raman cross section peculiar to adsorption on rough noble metal films deposited at low temperatures.

Dumas, P.; Tobin, R.G.; Richards, P.L.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Characterization and light-induced dynamics of alkanethiol-capped gold nanoparticles supracrystals by small-angle ultrafast electron diffraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metal nanoparticles (NPs) are promising candidates for applications from electronics to medicine. Their metallic core provides some key properties, e.g. magnetization, plasmonic response or conductivity, with the ligand molecules providing others like solubility, assembly or interaction with biomolecules. Even more properties can be engineered when these NPs are used as building blocks to form supracrystals. The formation of these supracrystals depends upon a complex interplay between many forces, some stemming from the core, some from the ligand. At present, there is no known approach to characterize the local order of ligand molecules in such complex supracrystals or their dynamics, with a spatial resolution ranging from the NPs cores and their ligands, to the larger scale domains arrangement. Here, we develop a methodology based on small-angle ultrafast electron diffraction to characterize different two-dimensional supracrystals of alkanethiol-coated gold nanoparticles with femtosecond time, sub-nanometer ...

Mancini, Giulia Fulvia; Pennacchio, Francesco; Reguera, Javier; Stellacci, Francesco; Carbone, Fabrizio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Plasmonic abilities of gold and silver spherical nanoantennas in terms of size dependent multipolar resonance frequencies and plasmon damping rates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Absorbing and emitting optical properties of a spherical plasmonic nanoantenna are described in terms of the size dependent resonance frequencies and damping rates of the multipolar surface plasmons (SP). We provide the plasmon size characteristics for gold and silver spherical particles up to the large size retardation regime where the plasmon radiative damping is significant. We underline the role of the radiation damping in comparison with the energy dissipation damping in formation of receiving and transmitting properties of a plasmonic particle. The size dependence of both: the multipolar SP resonance frequencies and corresponding damping rates can be a convenient tool in tailoring the characteristics of plasmonic nanoantennas for given application. Such characteristics enable to control an operation frequency of a plasmonic nanoantenna and to change the operation range from the spectrally broad to spectrally narrow and vice versa. It is also possible to switch between particle receiving (enhanced absorp...

Kolwas, Krystyna; 10.2478/s11772-010-0043-6

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Brazing open cell reticulated copper foam to stainless steel tubing with vacuum furnace brazed gold/indium alloy plating  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of fabricating a heat exchanger includes brush electroplating plated layers for a brazing alloy onto a stainless steel tube in thin layers, over a nickel strike having a 1.3 .mu.m thickness. The resultant Au-18 In composition may be applied as a first layer of indium, 1.47 .mu.m thick, and a second layer of gold, 2.54 .mu.m thick. The order of plating helps control brazing erosion. Excessive amounts of brazing material are avoided by controlling the electroplating process. The reticulated copper foam rings are interference fit to the stainless steel tube, and in contact with the plated layers. The copper foam rings, the plated layers for brazing alloy, and the stainless steel tube are heated and cooled in a vacuum furnace at controlled rates, forming a bond of the copper foam rings to the stainless steel tube that improves heat transfer between the tube and the copper foam.

Howard, Stanley R. (Windsor, SC); Korinko, Paul S. (Aiken, SC)

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

498

Comparison of gold- and graphene-based resonant nanostructures for terahertz metamaterials and an ultrathin graphene-based modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphene exhibits unique material properties, and in electromagnetic wave technology it raises the prospect of devices miniaturized down to the atomic length scale. Here we study split-ring resonator metamaterials made from graphene and we compare them to gold-based metamaterials. We find that graphene's huge reactive response derived from its large kinetic inductance allows for deeply subwavelength resonances, although its resonance strength is reduced due to higher dissipative loss damping and smaller dipole coupling. Nevertheless, tightly stacked graphene rings may provide for negative permeability and the electric dipole resonance of graphene meta-atoms turns out to be surprisingly strong. Based on these findings, we present a terahertz modulator based on a metamaterial with a multilayer stack of alternating patterned graphene sheets separated by dielectric spacers. Neighboring graphene flakes are biased against each other, resulting in modulation depths of over 75% at a transmission level of around 90%.

Shen, Nian-Hai [Ames Laboratory; Tassin, Philippe [Ames Laboratory; Koschny, Thomas [Ames Laboratory; Soukoulis, Costas M [Ames Laboratory

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Mineralogical characterization of steel industry hazardous waste and refractory sulfide ores for zinc and gold recovery processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The steel industry generates dust as a waste product from high temperature electric arc furnaces (EAF), which is a major step in processing scrap metal into steel. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has classified EAF dust as KO61 hazardous waste, due to its lead, cadmium, and chromium content. The dust also contains valuable zinc, averaging 19%. Detailed mineralogical characterization show the zinc is present as crystals of franklinite-magnetite-jacobsite solid solutions in calcium-iron-silicate glass spheres and as zincite mostly as very small individual spheres. Much of the chromium is present in an insoluble form in solid solution in the iron spinels. This microscopic research is a valuable tool in determining treatment processes for the 600,000 tons of dust generated annually in the US. Refractory gold ores, pyrite and arsenopyrite, have been studied to determine additional, cost-effective methods of processing. One technique under investigation involves roasting sulfide mineral particles to hematite to create porosity through which a leach can permeate to recover the gold. Portlandite, Ca(OH)[sub 2], is added to the roast for retention of hazardous sulfur and arsenic. Modern microscopic and spectroscopic techniques, such electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis, cathodoluminescence microscopy, and electron microprobe, have been applied, as well as reflected light and dark field microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy to determine the mineralogy of the sulfur, arsenic, and iron phases, and the extent of porosity, permeability, and oxidation state of the ore particles at various roasting temperatures. It is concluded that mineralogical techniques can be effectively applied to the solution of environmental problems.

Hagni, A.M.; Hagni, R.D. (Univ. of Missouri, Rolla, MO (United States). Geology Geophysics Dept.)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Analysis of double stub tuner control stability in a many element phased array antenna with strong cross-coupling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active stub tuning with a fast ferrite tuner (FFT) allows for the system to respond dynamically to changes in the plasma impedance such as during the L-H transition or edge localized modes (ELMs), and has greatly increased the effectiveness of fusion ion cyclotron range of frequency systems. A high power waveguide double-stub tuner is under development for use with the Alcator C-Mod lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) system. Exact impedance matching with a double-stub is possible for a single radiating element under most load conditions, with the reflection coefficient reduced from ? to ?{sup 2} in the “forbidden region.” The relative phase shift between adjacent columns of a LHCD antenna is critical for control of the launched n{sub ?} spectrum. Adding a double-stub tuning network will perturb the phase of the forward wave particularly if the unmatched reflection coefficient is high. This effect can be compensated by adjusting the phase of the low power microwave drive for each klystron amplifier. Cross-coupling of the reflected power between columns of the launcher must also be considered. The problem is simulated by cascading a scattering matrix for the plasma provided by a linear coupling model with the measured launcher scattering matrix and that of the FFTs. The solution is advanced in an iterative manner similar to the time-dependent behavior of the real system. System performance is presented under a range of edge density conditions from under-dense to over-dense and a range of launched n{sub ?}.

Wallace, G. M.; Fitzgerald, E.; Johnson, D. K.; Kanojia, A. D.; Koert, P.; Lin, Y.; Murray, R.; Shiraiwa, S.; Terry, D. R.; Wukitch, S. J. [MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Hillairet, J. [CEA-IRFM, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z