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1

Uzbekistan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uzbekistan sends over half of its natural gas exports to Russia and the remainder to neighboring states such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

2

Vanuatu: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vanuatu: Energy Resources Vanuatu: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-16,"lon":167,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Uzbekistan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Another potential source of oil supply is from oil shale reserves in the Sangruntau deposit in Uzbekistan’s northern Navoi region.

4

Uzbekistan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook ... Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... resumed imports in 2003 after Uzbekistan allowed oil imports to re-enter the country.

5

Uzbekistan HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Location Uzbekistan United States 42 6' 56.196" N, 63 22' 8.9076" E See map: Google Maps Printer-friendly version Printer-friendly version Javascript is required to view...

6

Uzbekistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uzbekistan: Energy Resources Uzbekistan: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41,"lon":64,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

7

Oil and Gas Resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0575(94) Oil and Gas Resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) December 1994 Energy Information Administration

8

Uzbekistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook ... Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... resumed imports in 2003 after Uzbekistan allowed oil imports to re-enter the country. ...

9

Uzbekistan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uzbekistan sends over half of its natural gas exports to Russia and the remainder to neighboring states such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.

10

Uzbekistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uzbekistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Uzbekistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Uzbekistan-Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Agency/Company /Organization German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) Partner Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Food Supply, Industry, People and Policy Topics - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://www.diw-econ.de/en/exam Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Uzbekistan Central Asia References DIW - Berlin[1]

11

Uzbekistan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Uzbekistan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Uzbekistan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Uzbekistan-Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UNDP Bratislava Regional Center Partner Interministerial committees headed by the national focal point on climate change Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://europeandcis.undp.org/e Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Uzbekistan

12

The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

medal  count  in  Albertville  and  first  in  Barcelona, 2012  with men in Albertville (Ibid. ).   Uzbekistan is 

Silecky, Matej

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

An Energy Overview of the Republic of Uzbekistan  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Uzbekistan. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

14

NPP Grassland: Calabozo, Venezuela  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calabozo, Venezuela, 1969-1987 Calabozo, Venezuela, 1969-1987 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: General view of the Trachypogon savanna at Calabozo (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: San Jose, J., and R. A. Montés. 1998. NPP Grassland: Calabozo, Venezuela, 1969-1987. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a humid savanna was determined at the Estacion Biologica de Los Llanos, Calabozo, beginning in 1969. Much of the research work at this site has been carried out by staff from, or in association with, the Ecology Centre of the Venezuelan Institute for Scientific Research (Centro de Ecologia, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas - IVIC).

15

LPG in Venezuela  

SciTech Connect

The use of LPG for domestic consumption in Venezuela began in late 1929 when LPG was imported in lots of 500 cylinders. These cylinders were then returned to the U.S. for refilling. Total consumption at that time was some 40M/sup 3/ (250 barrels) per year and by 1937 had grown to some 540M/sup 3/ (3,400 barrels) per year. Local production of LPG from gas began in the mid thirties with a small cooling plant in the Mene Grande Field in the Lake Maracaibo area, the first field to produce oil in Venezuela (1914). This plant produced gasoline for a refinery and some of the first LPG used in Venezuela for domestic consumption. The capacity of this plant was insufficient to satisfy the growing demand for LPG which was supplied from refinery production until the development of the natural gas processing industry. At the present time, Venezuelan refineries are net consumers of LPG.

Romero, O.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Venezuela`s gas industry poised for long term growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Venezuela`s enormous gas resource, combined with a new willingness to invite outside investment, could result in rapid growth in that industry into the next century. The development of liquefied natural gas exports will depend on the future course of gas prices in the US and Europe, but reserves are adequate to supply additional projects beyond the proposed Cristobal Colon project. Venezuela`s gas reserves are likely to increase if exploration for nonassociated gas is undertaken on a larger scale. The paper discusses gas reserves in Venezuela, internal gas markets, the potential for exports, competition from Trinidad, LNG export markets, and the encouragement of foreign investment in the gas industry of Venezuela.

Croft, G.D. [Pantera Petroleum Inc., San Leandro, CA (United States)

1995-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

17

¿Qué pasa con el teatro de Venezuela?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PASA CON EL TEATRO El\\l VENEZUELA? Lü nueva diaiiiatiirgiaRico contó con Cámara de Venezuela, grupo que presentó diuoallí que, a pesar de que Venezuela sea probablemente el país

Castillo, Susana D.

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

The Price of Political Opposition: Evidence from Venezuela's Maisanta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spending in Chavez’s Venezuela”, unpublished manuscript,de la discriminación política en Venezuela. Caracas: Súmate.Producto Interno Bruto de Venezuela, 1957-2001. ” Revista

Hsieh, Chang-Tai; Miguel, Edward; Ortega, Daniel; Rodriguez, Francisco

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

State and Power after Neoliberalism in Bolivarian Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gobierno Bolivariano de Venezuela. ———. 2005. Understandingp. 3–15. ———. 2007b. Venezuela: Hugo Chávez and the DeclineA Closed Bridge Mirrors Venezuela’s Many Woes. ” The New

Kingsbury, Donald V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Oil and Gas Resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5(94) 5(94) Oil and Gas Resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan) December 1994 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contacts Information General information regarding preparation of this report may be obtained from Craig H. Cranston at 202/586-6023, in Washington, D.C. Specific information regarding the contents of the report may be obtained from the authors: Jack S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Plenia Locatel Group: Globalizing from Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2009 the founders and top executives of Plenia Locatel Group, a retail business in Venezuela specializing in health care products and services, were planning a global

Gibson, Cyrus

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Venezuela. [LPG marketing and production  

SciTech Connect

Liquefied petroleum gas marketing and production from Venezuela are not very complicated or big in the business. There is moderate LPG production since the main production comes from oil. There is about 2.3 million bpd of oil production compared with less than 70,000 bpd of gas liquids. Of more than 95% of the associated gas produced with the oil, 50% is injected as a condensate recovery process. Up to now, the LPG plants have been producing only a trickle, most of it from gas before it was injected. In the future program for gas utilization, it is estimated that by 1980 about twice the liquid that is now being produced would be available for exportation to natural markets of the Gulf of Mexico and the east coast. The production of about 7 million tons until the year 2000 can be continued with good conservation and with the future potential area that has been discovered in the south part of the lake and offshore Venezuela.

Reyes, A.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

A neutronic feasibility study for LEU conversion of the WWR-SM research reactor in Uzbekistan.  

SciTech Connect

The WWR-SM research reactor in Uzbekistan has operated at 10 MW since 1979, using Russian-supplied IRT-3M fuel assemblies containing 90% enriched uranium. Burnup tests of three full-sized IRT-3M FA with 36% enrichment were successfully completed to a burn up of about {approximately}50% in 1987-1989. In August 1998, four IRT-3M FA with 36% enriched uranium were loaded into the core to initiate conversion of the entire core to 36% enriched fuel. This paper presents the results of equilibrium fuel cycle comparisons of the reactor using HEU (90%) and HEU (36%) IRT-3M fuel and compares results with the performance of IRT-4M FA containing LEU (19.75%). The results show that an LEU (19.75%) density of 3.8 g/cm{sup 3} is required to match the cycle length of the HEU (90%) core and an LEU density 3.9 g/cm{sup 3} is needed to match the cycle length of the HEU (36%) core.

Rakhmanov, A.

1998-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

24

‹ Countries Venezuela Background - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Venezuela nationalized its oil industry in the 1970s, creating Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PdVSA), ... Worldwide Energy Worldwide Projects ...

25

Massive Variability Surveys from Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory we are carrying out variability surveys spanning many hundreds of square degrees near the celestial equator, using an 8k x 8k CCD Mosaic Camera optimized for drift-scanning on a 1m Schmidt telescope. Among the initial efforts was a project to obtain the first moderately deep, homogeneous sample of young stars over an area of ? 180sqr.deg. encompassing the entire Orion OB1 association, one of the nearest and most active regions of star formation. The results show that variability is a powerful technique to identify pre-main sequence populations, specially in sparse areas devoid of gas and dust. We are currently developing a massive database, equipped with web-based data mining tools, that will make our data and results available to the astronomical community. 1.

C. D. Impey; C. E. Petry; César Briceño

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

An Energy Overview of Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Venezuela. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

27

Massive Variability Surveys from Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory we are carrying out variability surveys spanning many hundreds of square degrees near the celestial equator, using an 8k x 8k CCD Mosaic Camera optimized for drift-scanning on a 1m Schmidt telescope. Among the initial efforts was a project to obtain the first moderately deep, homogeneous sample of young stars over an area of ~180sqr.deg. encompassing the entire Orion OB1 association, one of the nearest and most active regions of star formation. The results show that variability is a powerful technique to identify pre-main sequence populations, specially in sparse areas devoid of gas and dust. We are currently developing a massive database, equipped with web-based data mining tools, that will make our data and results available to the astronomical community.

Briceño, C

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Massive Variability Surveys from Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory we are carrying out variability surveys spanning many hundreds of square degrees near the celestial equator, using an 8k x 8k CCD Mosaic Camera optimized for drift-scanning on a 1m Schmidt telescope. Among the initial efforts was a project to obtain the first moderately deep, homogeneous sample of young stars over an area of ~180sqr.deg. encompassing the entire Orion OB1 association, one of the nearest and most active regions of star formation. The results show that variability is a powerful technique to identify pre-main sequence populations, specially in sparse areas devoid of gas and dust. We are currently developing a massive database, equipped with web-based data mining tools, that will make our data and results available to the astronomical community.

Cesar Briceno

2003-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

29

Oil and gas production in the Amu Dar`ya Basin of Western Uzbekistan and Eastern Turkmenistan  

SciTech Connect

The resource base, development history, current output, and future outlook for oil and gas production in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are examined by a Western specialist with particular emphasis on the most important gas-oil province in the region, the Amu Dar`ya basin. Oil and gas have been produced in both newly independent countries for over a century, but production from the Amu Dar`ya province proper dates from the post-World War II period. Since that time, however, fields in the basin have provided the basis for a substantial natural gas industry (Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan consistently have trailed only Russia among the former Soviet republics in gas output during the last three decades). Despite high levels of current production, ample oil and gas potential (Turkmenistan, for example, ranks among the top five or six countries in the world in terms of gas reserves) contributes to the region`s prominence as an attractive area for Western investors. The paper reviews the history and status of several international tenders for the development of both gas and oil in the two republics. Sections on recent gas production trends and future outlook reveal considerable differences in consumption patterns and export potential in the region. Uzbekistan consumes most of the gas it produces, whereas Turkmenistan, with larger reserves and a smaller population, exported well over 85% of its output over recent years and appears poised to become a major exporter. A concluding section examines the conditions that will affect these countries` presence on world oil and gas markets over the longer term: reserves, domestic consumption, transportation bottlenecks, the likelihood of foreign investment, and future oil and gas demand. 33 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Sagers, M.J. [PlanEcon, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Venezuela - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... solar, wind, geothermal, ... Central & South America World. Rank . Venezuela: Production

31

NPP Tropical Forest: San Eusebio, Venezuela  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eusebio, Venezuela, 1970-1971 PHOTOGRAPH Photograph: General view of the San Eusebio site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site) Data Citation Cite this...

32

The Ambiguous Transition: Building State Capacity and Expanding Popular Participation in Venezuela's Agrarian Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

El Universal, Caracas, Venezuela. Bengelsdorf, Carollee.Crisis and Reform in Venezuela. ” Journal of Interamerican2):27-61. Datamonitor. (2004). “Venezuela Country Profile. ”

Page, Tiffany Linton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

La República y las Letras — literatura y carácter nacional en Brasil y Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nacional en Brasil y Venezuela* Introducción La Segundaes la nación (Brasil y Venezuela), pero este adentro sePor lo en esta nueva Venezuela es fundamental. Ésta será

Oliveira, Emanuelle K. F.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Equal rights for equal action : women's mobilization for suffrage in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Dictatorship in Venezuela, 1945-1959. Hamden, CT: Archonand Political Change in Venezuela. Princeton, NJ: Princetonand the Church in Venezuela. ” Journal of Interamerican

Skog, Erica Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Caracas, Venezuela: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caracas, Venezuela: Energy Resources Caracas, Venezuela: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Caracas, Venezuela Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3646738 Coordinates 10.5°, -66.916667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10.5,"lon":-66.916667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

36

Venezuela: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Venezuela: Energy Resources Venezuela: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":8,"lon":-66,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

37

Venezuela - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and production. An estimated 90 percent of Venezuela's natural gas reserves are associated, meaning that they are located along with oil reserves.

38

Assessing the Emerging Global Financial Architecture: Measuring the Trilemma's Configurations over Time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kingdom Uruguay Vanuatu Venezuela, RB (E) (C) Vietnam (C)Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. Center is at 0 Note:d'Ivoire Trinidad and Tobago Venezuela, RB Argentina Ecuador

Aizenman, Joshua; Chinn, Menzie David; Ito, Hiro

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

e-Science perspectives in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the e-Science strategy in Venezuela, in particular initiatives by the Centro Nacional de Calculo Cientifico Universidad de Los Andes (CECALCULA), Merida, the Universidad de Los Andes (ULA), Merida, and the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Caracas. We present the plans for the Venezuelan Academic Grid and the current status of Grid ULA supported by Internet2. We show different web-based scientific applications that are being developed in quantum chemistry, atomic physics, structural damage analysis, biomedicine and bioclimate within the framework of the E-Infrastructure shared between Europe and Latin America (EELA)

Díaz, G; Hamar, V; Hoeger, H; Mendoza, C; Mendez, Z; Núñez, L A; Ruiz, N; Torrens, R; Uzcategui, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

e-Science initiatives in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the context of the nascent e-Science infrastructure in Venezuela, we describe several web-based scientific applications developed at the Centro Nacional de Calculo Cientifico Universidad de Los Andes (CeCalCULA), Merida, and at the Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (IVIC), Caracas. The different strategies that have been followed for implementing quantum chemistry and atomic physics applications are presented. We also briefly discuss a damage portal based on dynamic, nonlinear, finite elements of lumped damage mechanics and a biomedical portal developed within the framework of the \\textit{E-Infrastructure shared between Europe and Latin America} (EELA) initiative for searching common sequences and inferring their functions in parasitic diseases such as leishmaniasis, chagas and malaria.

Chaves, J L; Hamar, V; Isea, R; Rojas, F; Ruiz, N; Torrens, R; Uzcategui, M; Florez-Lopez, J; Hoeger, H; Mendoza, C; Núñez, L A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Forecasting the Anomalous Discharge of the Caroní River, Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops methods for the extended-range forecasting of the February–March minimum of water discharge of the Caroní River in eastern Venezuela, a watershed providing more than 70% of the hydroelectric power for the country. The ...

Stefan Hastenrath; Lawrence Greischar; Esperanza Colón; Alfredo Gil

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Tax effects upon oil field development in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Important reforms have been made to the oil sector tax code in Venezuela. Given its diversity of oil resources, there was a concern that some resources were not being exploited because of the structure of the tax code. ...

Manzano, Osmel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Transient analyses for the Uzbekistan VVR-SM reactor with IRT-3M HEU fuel and IRT-4M LEU fuel : ANL independent verification results.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Calculations have been performed for postulated transients in the VVR-SM Reactor at the Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP) of the Academy of Sciences in the Republic of Uzbekistan. (The reactor designation in Cyrillic is BBP-CM; transliterating characters to English gives VVRSM but translating words gives WWR-SM.) These calculations have been performed at the request of staff of the INP who are performing similar calculations. The transients considered were established during working meetings between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and INP staff during summer 2006 [Ref. 1], subsequent email correspondence, and subsequent staff visits. Calculations were performed for the current high-enriched uranium (HEU) core, the proposed low-enriched uranium (LEU) core, and one mixed HEU-LEU core during the transition. These calculations have been performed independently from those being performed by INP and serve as one step in the verification process.

Garner, P. L.; Hanan, N. A.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

44

Products Imports from Uzbekistan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Import Area: Country 2010 View History; Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 51: 2010-2010-= No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W ...

45

Martinez, Carlos, Michael Fox and JoJo Farrell. Venezuela Speaks! Voices from the Grassroots. Oakland, CA: PM Press, 2010. 343 pp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

well read specialists on Venezuela. This book represents anthe grassroots movements in Venezuela today. Michelle LeighFOX and JOJO FARRELL. Venezuela Speaks! Voices from the

Farrell, Michelle Leigh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

The Difference Between Certainly and Perhaps: The Bargaining Strategies of Venezuela and Argentina In Commercial Debt Negotiations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n.a. n.a. Brazil Mexico Venezuela Chile Total Note: BankThe Renegotiation of Venezuela's Foreign Debt During 1982of repayment was whether Venezuela would have to accept an

Doherty, E.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

NPP Tropical Forest: San Carlos De Rio Negro, Venezuela  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

San Carlos De Rio Negro, Venezuela, 1975-1984 San Carlos De Rio Negro, Venezuela, 1975-1984 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Cutting an experimental plot at San Carlos (click on the photo to view a series of images and a diagram of this site) Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Jordan, C. F., E. Cuevas, and E. Medina. 1999. NPP Tropical Forest: San Carlos de Rio Negro, Venezuela, 1975-1984. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of tropical forest was determined for a number of vegetation-soil associations at the San Carlos de Rio Negro study site, under the auspices of an international UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) project. The San Carlos study site (1.93 N 67.05 W) is situated 4 km east of the

48

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Venezuela of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports by PADD of Processing from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)

49

Radioisotope Concentration in Lake Sediments of Maracaibo, Venezuela  

SciTech Connect

Maracaibo Lake is one of the most important water basing and oil producing regions in Venezuela. Changes in the local environment have been monitored for chemical pollution in the past. For this study we selected a set of sediment samples collected in the shore and analyzed for its radioisotope content. Results show the gamma emitting isotopes distribution. Isotopes concentrations have been determined within the natural K, Th and U families.

Salas, A. Rangel; Viloria, T. [La Universidad del Zulia (Venezuela); Sajo-Bohus, L.; Barros, H.; Greaves, E. D.; Palacios, D. [Universidad Simon Bolivar (Venezuela)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

50

Venezuela recasts itself as a new frontier in the Americas  

SciTech Connect

In January of this year, Venezuela captured the attention of the international energy community by welcoming back the foreign oil companies that, 20 years earlier, it had shut out of the country by nationalizing the hydrocarbon sector. The tool used to attract that attention, a new exploration bidding round, is the most publicized event staged to date in the country`s aperture process. However, it is only the latest in a series of steps taken by officials to bring international oil and gas companies back to Caracas. Venezuela`s physical attraction is easily understood. The country possesses roughly one-half of Latin America`s (including Mexico) 125 billion bbl of established, conventional crude oil reserves, plus an estimated 300 billion bbl of additional, nonconventional reserves in the ultra-heavy crude belt of the Orinoco basin. Averaging 2.8 million bpd in 1996, Venezuelan crude production represents over 35% of regional oil output. Natural gas reserves total 138 Tcf, or just over one-half of the region`s total reserves of 274 Tcfg. Annual gas output averages just under 5 Tcf, of which roughly 30% is reinjected as part of tertiary oil recovery schemes. This paper reviews the incentives, deregulation, and government policies to restore the oil and gas industry to the country.

Reinsch, A.E. [Canadian Energy Research Inst., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Total Petroleum Products (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Total Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2004: 8: 110: 339: 374: 244: 550: 180 ...

52

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 1,856: 1,700: 945: 1,181: 1,074 ...

53

Enhanced Seasonal Rainfall in Northern Venezuela and the Extreme Events of December 1999  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Torrential rainfall during December 1999 resulted in devastating floods and landslides along the northern coast of Venezuela. These events occurred in an area with a predominantly dry climate, took place during what is regionally the dry season, ...

Bradfield Lyon

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1973: 1,250: 1,040 ...

55

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's ...

56

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of MTBE (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of MTBE (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2005: 9: 10: 18: 9: 7: 8: 21: 2006: 18: 11: 20: 26 ...

57

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 368,641: 377,525 ...

58

A reservoir management strategy for multilayered reservoirs in eastern Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A reservoir management strategy has been developed for a field located in eastern Venezuela. The field contains deep, high pressure, multilayer reservoirs. A thorough formation evaluation was accomplished using the log data, core data, PVT data, geologic data, well completion data and the production data. A reservoir simulation model was built to forecast reservoir performance for a variety of exploitation and well completion strategies. Reserve forecasts have been made using the reservoir model. The methodology applied in this research consists of eight tasks: 1) build a data base with existing data, 2) analyze the log and core data, 3) analyze the pressure and production data, 4) analyze the PVT data, 5) analyze the hydraulic fracture treatments, 6) build the reservoir model, 7) determine the possible reservoir management strategies, and 8) perform economic evaluations for the management strategies. While much of the data for the field studied was supplied by PDVSA, we did not receive all of the data we requested. For example, no pressure buildup data were available. When necessary, we used correlations to determine values for reservoir data that we were not supplied. In this research four formations were studied and characterized, determining porosity and permeability values. Also, fracture treatments were analyzed and a reservoir model was developed. Runs for black oil and volatile oil were performed. The results show that the upper zones are the most prospective areas, but fracture treatments must be performed to reduce the damage on the sand face. Lower formations (Cretaceous) have a lower permeability value, but high OOIP that justify performing fracture treatments and completing this zone. Economics were developed to support this conclusion. Optimum well spacing was calculated showing that 960 acres is the optimum well spacing, but also that 640 acres can be maintained for all the reservoirs and dual completions can be performed, first hydraulic fracturing and completing the Cretaceous formation, and then, completing any upper zone. Reservoir simulation results show that up to 31% of OOIP may be incrementally recovered by hydraulic fracturing the Cretaceous formation and 10 or less from the upper zones.

Espinel Diaz, Arnaldo Leopoldo

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Biocomplexity of deforestation in the Caparo tropical forest reserve in Venezuela: An integrated multi-agent and cellular automata model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A multi-agent model of social and environmental complexity of deforestation was developed for the Caparo Forest Reserve, Venezuela. It includes three types of agents: settlers, government, and lumber concessionaires. Settlers represent people of limited ... Keywords: Biocomplexity, Deforestation, Multi-agents, Simulation, Tropical forests, Venezuela

Niandry Moreno; Raquel Quintero; Magdiel Ablan; Rodrigo Barros; Jacinto Dávila; Hirma Ramírez; Giorgio Tonella; Miguel F. Acevedo

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Five Years of Cyclotron Radioisotope Production Experiences at the First PET-CT in Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five years operation of a compact cyclotron installed at PET-CT facility in Caracas, Venezuela is given. Production rate of {sup 18}F labeled FDG, operation and radiation monitoring experience are included. We conclude that {sup 18}FDG CT-PET is the most effective technique for patient diagnosis.

Colmenter, L.; Coelho, D.; Esteves, L. M.; Ruiz, N.; Morales, L.; Lugo, I. [Centro Diagnostico Docente, Las Mercedes, Caracas (Venezuela); Sajo-Bohus, L.; Liendo, J. A.; Greaves, E. D.; Barros, H. [Universidad Simon Bolivar, Seccion de Fisica Nuclear, Caracas (Venezuela); Castillo, J. [University of Applied Science of Aachen (Germany)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 32,173: 25,886: 25,870: 30,689: 30,748: 29,983 ...

62

Risk prevention and policy formulation : responding to the 1999 mud-floods catastrophe in El Litoral Central, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fifteen days of constant and intense rainfall in Venezuela culminated on December 16 1999, in catastrophic landslides and flooding along 25 miles of the Vargas State coastal strip. This catastrophe ravaged the Caracas ...

Parisca-Blanco, Sonia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Evaluate past and ongoing enhanced oil-recovery projects in the United States and Venezuela, annex III. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil-energy report III-1  

SciTech Connect

The Agreement between the United States and Venezuela was designed to further energy research and development in six areas. This report focuses on Annex III - Evaluate Past and Ongoing Enhanced Oil Recovery Projects in the United States and Venezuela. Annex III has separated this portion of the coopertive energy research and development effort into four tasks for study. Energy research and development in the area of Enhanced Oil Recovery has as its goal the more efficient and complete production of the third crop of oil. Methods and techniques must be developed to assist the decision maker in the best timing and method for his EOR project. If a method can be developed to predict production based on certain known reservoir parameters, the producer will be able to make more accurate decisions. Accurate predictive models can be developed if a larger data base with enough data on varied reservoirs and processes is compiled. Statistical algorithms can be developed, tested, and verified with actual production data. New data can be used to recalibrate the models for improved accuracy. The developed models can then be used to evaluate current or anticipated EOR projects.

Ward, D.C.; Garcia, J.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Household energy use in urban Venezuela: Implications from surveys in Maracaibo, Valencia, Merida, and Barcelona-Puerto La Cruz  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report identifies the most important results of a comparative analysis of household commercial energy use in Venezuelan urban cities. The use of modern fuels is widespread among all cities. Cooking consumes the largest share of urban household energy use. The survey documents no use of biomass and a negligible use of kerosene for cooking. LPG, natural gas, and kerosene are the main fuels available. LPG is the fuel choice of low-income households in all cities except Maracaibo, where 40% of all households use natural gas. Electricity consumption in Venezuela`s urban households is remarkably high compared with the levels used in households in comparable Latin American countries and in households of industrialized nations which confront harsher climatic conditions and, therefore, use electricity for water and space heating. The penetration of appliances in Venezuela`s urban households is very high. The appliances available on the market are inefficient, and there are inefficient patterns of energy use among the population. Climate conditions and the urban built form all play important roles in determining the high level of energy consumption in Venezuelan urban households. It is important to acknowledge the opportunities for introducing energy efficiency and conservation in Venezuela`s residential sector, particularly given current economic and financial constraints, which may hamper the future provision of energy services.

Figueroa, M.J.; Sathaye, J.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Residential energy use and conservation in Venezuela: Results and implications of a household survey in Caracas  

SciTech Connect

This document presents the final report of a study of residential energy use in Caracas, the capital of Venezuela. It contains the findings of a household energy-use survey held in Caracas in 1988 and examines options for introducing energy conservation measures in the Venezuelan residential sector. Oil exports form the backbone of the Venezuelan economy. Improving energy efficiency in Venezuela will help free domestic oil resources that can be sold to the rest of the world. Energy conservation will also contribute to a faster recovery of the economy by reducing the need for major investments in new energy facilities, allowing the Venezuelan government to direct its financial investments towards other areas of development. Local environmental benefits will constitute an important additional by-product of implementing energy-efficiency policies in Venezuela. Caracas`s residential sector shows great potential for energy conservation. The sector is characterized by high saturation levels of major appliances, inefficiency of appliances available in the market, and by careless patterns of energy use. Household energy use per capita average 6.5 GJ/per year which is higher than most cities in developing countries; most of this energy is used for cooking. Electricity accounts for 41% of all energy use, while LPG and natural gas constitute the remainder. Specific options for inducing energy conservation and energy efficiency in Caracas`s residential sector include energy-pricing policies, fuel switching, particularly from electricity to gas, improving the energy performance of new appliances and customer information. To ensure the accomplishment of an energy-efficiency strategy, a concerted effort by energy users, manufacturers, utility companies, government agencies, and research institutions will be needed.

Figueroa, M.J.; Ketoff, A.; Masera, O.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Desk study - Arricifes Units 1 through 5 - Venezuela. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electricidad de La Caracas (E.de.C) of Venezuela has requested a grant from the US Trade and Development Program (TDP) to fund a feasibility study to examine repowering the existing Arrecifies five units for combined cycle operation. The report reviews an earlier definitional mission report (DM report) and evaluates develops, and costs out the scope of work for the study; estimates the potential exports of U.S. equipment and services during project implementation; and makes a recommendation as to whether TDP should fund the study. A detailed scope of work and cost basis for the study is included in the appendix. An overall cost estimate for the implementation of the project, potential value of exports and a list of major equipment and services required from U.S. for project implementation and recommendations for TDP funding are presented.

Not Available

1992-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

67

Ecology of large piscivorous fishes in Guri Reservoir, Venezuela, with notes on fish community structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Venezuela's growing human population is accompanied by a growing need for electricity which has largely been met with hydroelectric power, and yet the full effects of river impoundment on river ecosystems are not known. Venezuela currently has the second largest hydroelectric facility in the world, the Raul Leoni Dam (Guri Reservoir). Formed by the blackwater Caroni River, Guri is characterized by low pH, low nutrients, and high dissolved organic matter. Water level fluctuations associated with hydroelectric facility operations may have large effects on tropical fish spawning, feeding, and survival. The primary sportfishes in the reservoir are the peacock basses (Cichla spp.), that exhibited heightened fish production immediately after inundation. However, during the 1990's, sportfishermen at Guri began complaining about decreased catches. To investigate claims of declining Cichla populations and to compare current fish community structure with a previous survey, the four large piscivorous fishes of Guri Reservoir were sampled. Samples from the northern area of the reservoir had 50 species representing 18 different families. The dominant species in seine samples was the characid Hemigrammus micropterus. In these samples, Cichla temensis, Cichla cf orinocensis, Plagioscion squamosissimus and Hydrolycus scomberoides had greater body condition compared with values for conspecifics from a previous study. Conversely, catch per unit effort for Cichla in gillnets decreased in the current study. Prochilodus rubrotaeniatus, a detritivorous characiform, was the dominant species captured in gillnets. Cichla spp. appear to breed throughout the year with a peak before the rainy season. Hydrolycus scomberoides and Plagioscion squamosissimus partitioned resources, with the former consuming the largest prey and the smallest prey consumed by the latter. Cichla temensis and Plagioscion squamosissimus had high diet overlap among prey types but consumed prey of different sizes. Niche breadths for all species were low. Claims of declining Cichla populations in Guri appear to have some foundation. Blackwater physicochemistry, the reservoir "boombust" cycle, and fishing pressure all influence fish ecology in Guri Reservoir.

Williams, John David

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

69

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

70

Settlement patterns in the eastern coast of Maracaibo Lake, Venezuela : evaluation of existing settlements and model for a low income sector of El Menito new town  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is divided in two parts; The First part is the physical analysis of residential settlements in the Eastern Coast of Maracaibo Lake, Venezuela. The work is based on surveys, evaluations and comparisons of four ...

Rodriguez Navas, Humberto José

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Are Returns to Education on the Decline in Venezuela and Does Mission Sucre Have a Role to Play?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anecdotal evidence points to a falling standard of living for the educated in Venezuela. During this same period, President Hugo Chávez implemented several education reforms. We focus on a major university education reform known as Mission Sucre and its potential impact on returns to university education. First, we show that returns to education decreased significantly in Venezuela from 2002 to 2008. Subsequently, we explore the impact of the program on nonprogram participants and provide evidence that a substantial part of the falling returns at the tertiary level can be linked to Mission Sucre. Our results suggest that the reform created a negative externality on students who did not participate in the program, leading to a 2.7 percentage point decline in returns to university education for non-Mission Sucre students in the 23-28 age cohort.

Naihobe Gonzalez; Ruth Uwaifo Oyelere

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Residual oil saturation, Annex VI-1. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil energy report VI-1  

SciTech Connect

This report, dealing with the US/Venezuela Cooperative exchange agreement on residual oil saturation (Annex VI), contains the results of efforts by scientists from both countries to improve the state of present technology for accurately measuring the amount of residual oil remaining in a particular reservoir of interest. To date, those efforts have resulted in an exchange of ideas through a sharing of technical literature and bibliographic listings pertinent to the subject, reciprocal visits to the laboratories and field sites where residual oil saturation measurement R and D is in progress, an exchange of ideas through workshops held in each country, and open discussions covering areas of future cooperative R and D. The text of the basic agreement , Annex VI and all amendments, are appended to the report. In addition to a chronicle of events detailing progress under Annex VI, this report also inlcudes a discussion of future work to be performed in the areas of subsidence accompanying the extraction of oil and interwell oil saturation measurement. A meeting was held in Bartlesville May 10 and 11 to formulate plans in this area.

Wesson, T.C.; VonDomselaar, H.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A reservoir characterization for a complex multilayered system in Eastern Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To predict and optimize reservoir performance of a raphics. layered reservoir, a reliable reservoir characterization is required. To fully describe a reservoir, we must be able to estimate the distribution of reservoir properties such as porosity and permeability by integration of all available data. In this research, we have characterized a multilayered reservoir located in eastern Venezuela. A methodology was developed to estimate the distribution of reservoir properties in uncured intervals and welts using data from core and log analyses. In addition, to obtain a better understanding of formation permeability, skin factors and drainage areas, we have analyzed all of the production data. The data used in this study, were provided by PDVSA the Venezuelan national oil company and comprises: production data, well ales, core analyses, well log data, some PVT analyses, and well completion data. Four formations were characterized in this work. Correlations from core data were established to calculate permeability for each of those four formations. To identify the four reservoirs in uncured welts, a characteristic behavior of the values of deep induction log and gamma ray log were determined. This behavior permitted us to establish ranges for each zone using data from both logs. The oil in place for each formation was calculated volumetrically. Using the values obtained for permeability, porosity, shale volume and oil in place, the four reservoirs were volume and oil in place, the four reservoirs were The results obtained from the analyses of production data, were compared with the analyses of log and core data. Using all three methods, the shallower zones were identified as the more permeable layers. The deeper formation (Cretaceous) has a lower permeability value, but the OOH: is high enough to justify completing the Cretaceous, especially if the zone can be fracture treated.

Avila, Carmen Esther

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Ecology of the river dolphin, Inia geoffrensis, in the Cinaruco River, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Cinaruco River is a tributary of the Orinoco River, and forms the southern boundary of Venezuela's newest national park, Santos Luzardo. Like other rivers of this region, the Cinaruco River undergoes an extreme seasonal flood cycle. River dolphins were studied from November 1993 to June 1994 to gather baseline data regarding their ecology, including distribution, habitat affinity, group size, population composition, and prey availability. Transects from watercraft were used to count river dolphins, and observation effort was recorded. River dolphin habitat was characterized by broad hydrologic features (i.e., river, lagoon, side channel or confluence), structural composition (i.e., beach, rocks, cutbank, submerged vegetation) and complexity. Population composition by age class was determined according to size. Photo-identification was used to recognize individual dolphins. Potential preyfish availability within habitats was determined by using seine nets and gillnets. Dolphin diet was inferred from one stomach sample and the literature. Dolphins were seen most often during falling water, and least often during rising water. Dolphins were most often seen in confluence areas, and were seldom seen in side channels. The presence of rocks or beaches was associated with a greater frequency of dolphin sightings, and sightings increased with habitat complexity. Average group size for the 8-mo study was 2.0 (O?.05) dolphins, and was greatest during rising water. Greatest densities occurred during failing water, at 3.8 (+O.54) dolphins/km. Calves were first sighted at the end of the dry season and became more common as the waters rose. Six individuals were recognized and resighted by photo-identification; one of these was sighted 8 times over a period of 186 days. The fish diversity of the study area was high, and comprised at least 161 species. The stomach of one Inia contained 15 fish, representing at least 4 species.

McGuire, Tamara Lee

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Eocene tectonic controls on reservoir distribution in VLE 196, Block V, Lamar Field, Maracaibo Basin, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated interpretation of three-dimensional seismic and well-logging data reveals a prominent �pop-up� structure associated with the VLE 400 fault on the regional unconformity between the Eocene and Miocene in the VLE 196 field, Maracaibo basin, Venezuela. The VLE 400 fault family, an eastern splay of the left-lateral Icotea fault in the basin, played an important role in hydrocarbon migration and accumulation in the field. Hydrocarbons accumulated to the east of the fault but not to the west. The �pop-up� structure on the Eocene unconformity has a four -way dip closure, straddling the fault and extending to the west of the fault. Structures of the Misoa Formation, which is the main reservoir developed below the unconformity in the basin, differ from the structure of the unconformity. The structure of the Misoa Formation shows a tilted uplift of the eastern block of the fault dipping toward the east caused by thrust tectonic movements. Thrust movement and following strike-slip movements provided additional accommodation space to the west of the fault and generated expanded thickness of Eocene sediments compared to the area east of the fault. The thickness of the Misoa Formation east and west of the fault shows no significant changes. Expanded sediments overlie the Misoa Formation in the western block in lateral contact with Misoa sediments eastern block act as a lateral seal. Ductile movement of the Guasare Formation shale contributed to the lateral sealing of the fault against the reservoir rocks in the eastern block. Mobilization of the Guasare Formation modified the structure of overlying formations including the anticline of the Eocene unconformity. The growth strata provide useful information of reactivation of e xisting faults, especially subtle movements which are not recognized by conventional seismic interpretation. Growth strata isochrons shows subtle reactivation of the VLE 400 fault family during Miocene time.

Choi, Byeonggoo

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Geochronology of recent sediments from the Cariaco Trench (Venezuela) by Alpha Spectrometry of {sup 210}Pb ({sup 210}Po)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

210Pb concentration in marine sediments of the Cariaco Trench (North-East of Venezuela) was measured through the analysis of 210Po alpha emissions, which can be assumed to be in secular equilibrium with 210Pb. The analysed sediment core has a length of 1.9 m. The results allowed to apply the CF:CS dating model (Constant Flux and Constant Supply). The sedimentation rate was estimated to be 0.25 cm/y. As far as we know this is the first {alpha}- dating carried out in the country, performed with an alpha spectrometer recently funded by the IAEA.

Arriojas, A.; Barros, H.; Palacios, D.; Sajo-Bohus, L. [Laboratorio de Fisica Nuclear, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Hurtado, S.; Villa, M. [Centro de Investigacion, Tecnologia e Innovacion de la Universidad de Sevilla (Spain); Perez, K.; Alfonso, J. [Centro de Quimica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

77

Characterization of gas condensate reservoirs using pressure transient and production data - Santa Barbara Field, Monagas, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a field case history of the integrated analysis and interpretation developed using all of the available petrophysical, production, and well test data from the condensate zone of Block A, Santa Barbara Field (Monagas, Venezuela). The reservoir units in Santa Barbara Field present substantial structural and fluid complexity, which, in turn, presents broad challenges for assessment and optimization of well performance behavior. Approximately 60 well tests have been performed in the gas condensate sections within Santa Barbara Field, and the analysis and interpretation of this data suggests the existence of condensate banking and layered reservoir behavior, as well as "well interference" effects. We demonstrate and discuss analysis and interpretation techniques that can be utilized for wells that exhibit condensate banking, layered reservoir behavior, and well interference effects (where all of these phenomena are observed in the well performance data taken from Block A in Santa Barbara Field). We have established that the layered reservoir model (no crossflow), coupled with the model for a two-zone radial composite reservoir, is an appropriate reservoir model for the analysis and interpretation of well performance data (i.e., well test and production data) taken from wells in Santa Barbara Field. It is of particular importance to note our success in using the "well interference" approach to analyze and interpret well test data taken from several wells in Santa Barbara Field. While it is premature to make broad conclusions, it can be noted that well interference effects (interference between production wells) could be (and probably is) a major influence on the production performance of Santa Barbara Field. In addition, our well test analysis approach corroborates the use of the Correa and Ramey (variable rate) plotting function for the analysis of drillstem test (DST) data. In summary, we are able to use our integrated analysis developed for Block A (Santa Barbara Field) estimate areal distributions of "flow" properties (porosity, effective permeability, and skin factor), as well as "volumetric" properties (original gas-in-place, gas reserves, and reservoir drainage area (all on a "per-well" basis)).

Medina Tarrazzi, Trina Mercedes

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Identification and characterization of Hydraulic Flow Units in the San Juan Formation, Orocual Field, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on the integration of core and well log data in order to provide a petrophysical characterization of the Hydraulic Flow Units (HFU) in the San Juan Formation, Orocual Field, Venezuela. We used three separate approaches to correlate/ integrate these data from Orocual Field. The first method uses the concept of Hydraulic Flow Units (HFU). The second method uses non-parametric transformation and regression, and the third method estimates permeability using polynomial and power law-type functions. We provide a comparison of these methods - and we believe that the HFU and non-parametric regression techniques give the most representative results. In this study we have core data for four wells and well log data for sixteen wells. The core permeability data were adjusted (in this work) to compensate for the Klinkenberg effect (a low pressure gas flow phenomena) and to relate porosity and permeability from laboratory to in-situ (net overburden stress) conditions. To model the stress correction we use the original reservoir pressure of 7470 psia and a two-point stress model. For well logs, we use a quality control method based on depth shift, depth match, environmental corrections, and core-log correlation. Finally, core permeability data were correlated to multiple well log suites (density, neutron, gamma ray, and resistivity). The HFU concept provides a deterministic approach for combining the geological attributes with available petrophysical data to delineate the reservoir into "units" of similar fluid flow characteristics. The HFU method does not presume a relationship between variables. The non-parametric regression/transform technique is based on using variable transformations to generate relationship between dependent and independent variables. This iterative, non-parametric procedure is called the Alternating Conditional Expectation (or ACE) method. Additional deterministic models based on polynomial, power law, and modified power law relations are also used to estimate permeability. The methodologies demonstrated in this work can be applied to any reservoir system having a significant population of permeability measurements and well log data.

Deghirmandjian, Odilia

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-11: Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery - EOR thermal processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Tenth Amendment anti Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Energy Agreement. This report is presented in sections (for each of the six Tasks) and each section contains one or more reports that were prepared to describe the results of the effort under each of the Tasks. A statement of each Task, taken from the Agreement Between Project Managers, is presented on the first page of each section. The Tasks are numbered 68 through 73. The first through tenth report on research performed under Annex IV Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report Number IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, IV-8, IV-9, IV-10 contain the results of the first 67 Tasks. These reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, March 1995, and December 1997, respectively.

Venezuela

2000-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

80

Bachaquero-01 reservoir, Venezuela-increasing oil production by switching from cyclic steam injection to steamflooding using horizontal wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Bachaquero-01 reservoir of the Lagunillas field is located in the eastern part of the Maracaibo Lake, Venezuela. The field is operated by the national oil company of Venezuela, PDVSA (Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A.). The Bachaquero-01 heavy oil reservoir lies at about 3,000 ft. ss. and contains 7.037 BSTB of 1 1.7 degrees API gravity oil with an in-situ viscosity of 635 cp. Cold production began in 1960, but since 1971 the reservoir was produced under a massive cyclic steam injection system. To-date some 370 cyclic-steam injection welts have produced from the reservoir, yielding a cumulative oil recovery of only about 5.6% of initial oil-in-place. The reservoir pressure has dropped from an initial 1,370 psia to its present value of about 700 psia. Maximum oil production peaked at 45.0 MSTB/D in 1991, and has since continued to decline. To arrest production decline, three horizontal cyclic-steam injection wells were drilled and completed in the reservoir in 1995-1997. The horizontal sections were from 1,280 to 1,560 ft long and were drilled in locations with existing vertical cyclic steam injection welts. Three-dimensional thermal-compositional simulation studies were conducted to evaluate the performance of the three horizontal welts under cyclic steam injection and steamflooding. The Cartesian model dimensions of the three horizontal welts were 11x22x4, 11x27x5, and 12x20x5. In the steamflooding scheme investigated, the existing horizontal welts were used as injectors while existing (and new) vertical welts surrounding the horizontal welts were used as producers. Simulation results indicate oil recovery under cyclic steam injection to be about 15% of initial oil-in-place, compared to about 25% under steamflooding with no new producers, and about 50% under steamflooding with additional producers. The main advantages of steamflooding over cyclic steam injection were in the re-pressurization and improved thermal efficiency for the Bachaquero-01 reservoir. Higher oil recovery with additional wells resulted from improved areal sweep efficiency. Further study is planned to investigate steamflooding for the rest of the reservoir.

Rodriguez, Manuel Gregorio

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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81

Enhanced-oil-recovery thermal processes, annex IV. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil-energy report IV-1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Agreement between the United States and Venezuela was designed to further energy research and development in six areas. This report focuses on Annex IV - Enhanced-Oil-Recovery Thermal Processes which was divided into seven tasks. This report will discuss the information developed within Task I related to the Department of Energy providing data on the performance of insulated oil-well tubulars. Surface generated steam has been traditionally used in thermal enhanced oil recovery processes. In past years the tubing through which the steam is injected into the reservoir has been bare with relatively high heat losses. In recent years however various materials and designs for insulating the tubing to reduce heat losses have been developed. Evaluation of several of these designs in an instrumented test tower and in an oil field test environment was undertaken. These tests and the resulting data are presented.

Peterson, G.; Schwartz, E.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report XIII-1, Supporting Technology for Enhanced Oil Recovery, Microbial EOR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results from Annex XIII of the Cooperative Agreement between the United States Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ministry of Energy and Mines of the Republic of Venezuela (MEMV) have been documented and published with many researchers involved. Integrate comprehensive research programs in the area of Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) ranged from feasibility laboratory studies to full-scale multi-well field pilots. The objective, to cooperate in a technical exchange of ideas and information was fully met throughout the life of the Annex. Information has been exchanged between the two countries through published reports and technical meetings between experts in both country's research communities. The meetings occurred every two years in locations coincident with the International MEOR conferences & workshops sponsored by DOE (June 1990, University of Oklahoma, September 1992, Brookhaven, September 1995, National Institute of Petroleum and Energy Research). Reports and publications produced during these years are listed in Appendix B. Several Annex managers have guided the exchange through the years. They included Luis Vierma, Jose Luis Zirritt, representing MEMV and E. B. Nuckols, Edith Allison, and Rhonda Lindsey, representing the U.S. DOE. Funding for this area of research remained steady for a few years but decreased in recent years. Because both countries have reduced research programs in this area, future exchanges on this topic will occur through ANNEX XV. Informal networks established between researchers through the years should continue to function between individuals in the two countries.

Ziritt, Jose Luis

1999-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

83

Uzbekistan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and Production. Because of ageing infrastructure and a dearth of foreign investment and capital, production rapidly declined after 2003.

84

Uzbekistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... which include insufficient pipelines to export higher volumes of hydrocarbons and aging energy infrastructure have slowed the production, ...

85

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

86

Analysis of reservoir performance and forecasting for the eastern area of the C-2 Reservoir, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research developed a numerical simulation based on the latest reservoir description to evaluate the feasibility of new infill wells to maximize the recovery specifically in the eastern region of the reservoir operated by Petroleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA). This research provides a full-field numerical simulation that predicts performance and aids in planning future development with infill wells for a reservoir located at the south of Block V, Lamar in Lake Maracaibo. The simulation is especially promising for the eastern region, which has the current highest oil production behavior. The final model achieved an acceptable history match for pressure and fluids for the entire reservoir, especially for the eastern area. On the basis of this model and an opportunity index, the best six infill wells should be located in the eastern area of the reservoir, which would increased the cumulated production in 44.5 MMSTB. This work is important because it provides the first numerical simulation for the entire reservoir that considers the new geological model developed during reservoir description. Furthermore, it provides PDVSA with a powerful tool for planning and reservoir management decisions, especially in the eastern area of the reservoir. Predictions resulting from this area show an important increment in the final reservoir recovery over the base case, production depletion under current conditions without any change. On the basis of these results, I strongly recommend starting a new infill drilling campaign in the eastern area as indicated by the simulation results to increase the oil rate reservoir productions and to improve total ultimate recovery.

Urdaneta Anez, Jackeline C

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Reservoir characterization of the upper Merecure and lower Oficina Formations sands in the Leona Este Field, Eastern Venezuela Basin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The "S5", "T" and "U1" sands, traditionally described as part of the lower section of the "Oficina" Formation, and the "U2" sand, as part of the upper interval of the "Merecure" Formation, contain the largest oil remaining reserves of the Leona Este Field, which is located in the southern portion of the Eastern Venezuela Basin. Two or more of these reservoir sands, which are interbedded with shales, have been simultaneously produced pursuing an increase in the oil production rate, but an unexpected production performance was obtained: the accelerated and early increase of the water volume associated to the produced oil has caused the shut down of some wells in the Leona Este Field. In order to understand this productive performance and to re-evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of the study interval, it is important to describe these reservoirs in terms of their depositional origin and trap formation. An integrated reservoir model was constructed using all the available geological, geophysical and production data. The hydrocarbon trapping mechanism of each studied stratigraphic interval, traditionally known as the "S5", "TU", "TL", "U1U", "U1L", "U2U", "U2MA", "U2MB" and "U2L" sands, includes two components: ? Stratigraphic component: each stratigraphic interval presents one or more reservoir zones composed by sandy deposits that fill belts of stacked tidal-fluvial channels in a SSE-NNW trending tide-dominated estuarine system. In most intervals, these contemporaneous-in-deposition reservoir zones are not connected due to the lateral variation of facies present in the tide-dominated estuary. ? Structural component: northward dipping strata have been offset by a W-E trending major normal fault and secondary normal faults striking parallel to the major one. The major fault is the southern seal of the hydrocarbon traps. The most important prospects of the study interval are the reservoir zones 1 and 2 of the "U1L" sand, the reservoir zone 3 of the "U2MB" sand, and the "U1U" sand, which show more than 15 feet of average net sand thickness, and contain the largest volume of recoverable oil per reservoir zone in the Leona Este Field.

Flores Millan, Maria Carolina

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Waxes Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

89

Venezuela Gasoline Production & Demand  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Change and Uncertainty Today’s gasoline imports essential to meet ... Refinery-based MTBE production and some merchant MTBE facilities will be ...

90

Kerosene Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

91

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term. Volume 2, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Crude Oil Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

93

Petroleum Coke Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

94

Supporting technology for enhanced recovery, Annex V: evaluate application of recently developed techniques in the areas of drilling, coring, and telemetry. Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE fossil-energy report V-1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Agreement between the United States and Venezuela was designed to further energy research and development in six areas. This report focuses on Annex V - Drilling, Coring, and Telemetry as supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery projects in the United States and Venezuela. Annex V consists of 18 tasks to perform these three projects. This report completes the work for Annex V. Energy research and development in the area of Enhanced Oil Recovery has as its goal the more efficient and complete production of the third crop of oil. Methods and techniques must be developed to assist in the implementation of EOR projects. Technology development that reduces costs and provides better reservoir information often has a direct impact on the economic viability of EOR projects and Annex V addresses these areas. Each of the three areas covered by Annex V are separate entities and are presented in this report as different sections. Each has its own Abstract. The drilling and coring tests were highly successful but only a limited amount of work was necessary in the Telemetry area because a field test was not feasible.

Williams, C.R.; Lichaa, P.; Van Domselaar, H.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Redefining historical Bukhara : professional architectural vision of the national heritage in late Soviet Uzbekistan (1965 - 1991)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on how Bukhara's architectural heritage was interpreted and redefined by local architectural professionals between 1965 and 1991, a period characterized by heightened interest in architectural heritage ...

Rutkouskaya, Hanna (Hanna Nikolaevna)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Economic efficiency of using solar water lift stations under the conditions of Uzbekistan  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that under certain conditions the best effect of using solar water lift stations is achieved by using installations with a dynamic converter.

Zakhidov, R.A.; Bogdasarov, V.M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Oil and gas resources of the Fergana Basin (Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan, and Kyrgyzstan)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This analysis is part of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program (FESAP). This one for the Fergana Basin is an EIA first for republics of the former Soviet Union (FSU). This was a trial study of data availability and methodology, resulting in a reservoir-level assessment of ultimate recovery for both oil and gas. Ultimate recovery, as used here, is the sum of cumulative production and remaining Proved plus Probable reserves as of the end of 1987. Reasonable results were obtained when aggregating reservoir-level values to the basin level, and in determining general but important distributions of across-basin reservoir and fluid parameters. Currently, this report represents the most comprehensive assessment publicly available for oil and gas in the Fergana Basin. This full report provides additional descriptions, discussions and analysis illustrations that are beneficial to those considering oil and gas investments in the Fergana Basin. 57 refs., 22 figs., 6 tabs.

Not Available

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Finished Motor Gasoline Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

99

Snubdrilling a new well in Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new well was successfully drilled using a snubbing jack. The drill bit was rotated using a rotary table, downhole motors and combination of the two. Expected high-pressure zones prompted this use of ``snubdrilling.`` The primary objective was to drill a vertical well through underlying sands and gain information about formation pressures. This data would aid in the drilling of a relief well using a conventional drilling rig. The secondary objective was to relieve pressure by putting this new well on production. In addition to special high-pressure drilling jobs, there are other drilling applications where snubbing jacks are a feasible alternative to conventional rotary drilling rigs or coiled tubing units. Slimhole, underbalanced and flow drilling, and sidetracking of existing wells are excellent applications for snubdrilling. Advantages of snubdrilling vs. coiled tubing drilling, include ability to rotate drillstrings, use high-torque downhole motors, pump at high rates and pressures, apply significant overpull in case of stuck pipe, and run casing and liners without rigging down. Shortcomings of drilling with snubbing jacks compared to coiled tubing are the need to stop circulation while making new connections and inability to run continuous cable inside workstrings.

Aasen, J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

U.S. Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

102

The Post-Soviet Development of Elite-Level Athletics in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

female  sports  of  field  hockey  and  archery,  the arts,  boxing,  ice  hockey, figure skating, gymnastics and two  team  sports,  ice  hockey  and  soccer  (Ibid. ).   

Silecky, Matej

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA BOARD OF REGENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Russia, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan reforms as compared to other non The current

Minnesota, University of

104

MEP Advisory Board Webcast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 4. USA TALGO ROUTES KAZAKHSTAN UZBEKISTAN BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA SPAIN ARGENTINA Page 5. OUR BUSINESS ...

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

105

WWVB Radio Controlled Clocks: Recommended Practices for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4, British Indian Ocean Territory (Chagos), Kerguelen Island, Maldives Islands, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan ,Western Kazakhstan ...

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

106

NIST Global Standards Information WTO TBT Inquiry Point  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Republic; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Russia; Sri Lanka; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan. Asia-Pacific: Australia; Brunei Darussalam; ...

107

NIST Global Standards Information Global Standards News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Republic; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Russia; Sri Lanka; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan. Asia-Pacific: Australia; Brunei Darussalam; ...

108

NIST Global Standards Information EMC/Telecom MRAs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Republic; Maldives; Nepal; Pakistan; Russia; Sri Lanka; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan. Asia-Pacific: Australia; Brunei Darussalam; ...

109

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

110

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

111

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Finished Motor Gasoline ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 40: 31: 28: 47: 44: 60: 64: 2000's: 72: 58: 44: 34: 30: 41: 16: 6: 2: 0: 2010's ...

112

version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http://globalfracking.blogspot.com/ 2. Middle East and North African Oil http

O'Donnell, Tom

113

State and Power after Neoliberalism in Bolivarian Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acting as go-between for foreign oil companies and the oilthe nation and the foreign oil companies in the earlylarge white) elites and foreign oil companies feared local ‘

Kingsbury, Donald V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Venezuela - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

115

Venezuela - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

116

Venezuela Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil exports are ...

117

Venezuela - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline ... natural gas use for enhanced oil recovery has increased by ... and consequently is developing its gas infrastructure in support of ...

118

U.S. Imports from Venezuela - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

119

Naphtha for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

120

Special Naphthas Imports from Venezuela - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from Venezuela  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

122

Venezuela Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil exports are ...

123

The gravity field and plate boundaries in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free-air and simple Bouguer anomaly maps of the Venezuelan continental margin (from 60°W to 72°W and from 7°N to 13°N) are presented. The major features of the free-air map are: the large lows associated with the deep ...

Folinsbee, Robert Allin

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of MTBE (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2005: 271: 297: 551: 258: 223: 254: 663: 2006: 553: 311: 613: 766: 408: 755: 878: 1,099: 687: 775: 397: 488 ...

125

Petroleum Coke Imports from Venezuela - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

126

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Petroleum Coke Marketable ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 2000's: 25: 940: 555: 759: 2,286: 2010's: 389: 294: 295-

127

151:403b 152:angular cheilitis 153:pocono 154:figs 155:last ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... report 186:unc 187:vanuatu 188:internet phone service 189:gs pay rate 190:brooks brothers clearance 191:churchill downs 192:condos in florida ...

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

128

fernmeldewerk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... unlined. unload. unwanted. unwilling. upsurge. uranium. urenco. usdollars. use. usec. user. usually. usz. utilise. uzbek. uzbekistan. vacuum. valley. value ...

129

Electoral Corruption in Developing Democracies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results . . . . . 5.2 Venezuela . . . . . . . . .5.2.1Results for each Forensic Analysis in Mexico, Venezuela andelections in Venezuela. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cantu, Francisco

130

DEMOCRACY OVER A BARREL: OIL, REGIME CHANGE AND WAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

years ago in Caracas, Venezuela. “It brings trouble. ” Whilebecome democratic, as Venezuela demonstrated in 1958. Butdemocracies like Venezuela’s restricted partiocracy. These

Karl, Terry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2 Romania Romania VenezuelaVenezuela Estonia Latvia Indonesia Latvia Turkey RomaniaMexico Mexico Romania Venezuela Romania Venezuela Sep Table

Moreno Centeno, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

CILAS Newslettter Summer 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela as well as universities fromthe fight against dengue in Venezuela, the Brazilian healthfrom the United States. Venezuela’s Minister of Science and

Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Degradation and recovery of Caribbean coral reefs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Universidad Central de Venezuela (1977). I. D. Williams, N.Buccoo Reef Trinidad and Tobago Buccoo Reef Venezuela CayoSombrero Reef Venezuela Cayo Sombrero Reef Venezuela Playa

Paredes, Gustavo Adolfo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. World proved natural gas reserves by country as of January 1, 2013 9. World proved natural gas reserves by country as of January 1, 2013 trillion cubic feet Project Reserves (trillion cubic feet) Percent of world total World 6,793 100.0 Top 20 countries 6,200 91.3 Russia 1,688 24.9 Iran 1,187 17.5 Qatar 890 13.1 Saudi Arabia 288 4.2 United States 273 4.0 Turkmenistan 265 3.9 United Arab Emirates 215 3.2 Venezuela 195 2.9 Nigeria 182 2.7 Algeria 159 2.3 China 124 1.8 Iraq 112 1.6 Indonesia 108 1.6 Kazakhstan 85 1.3 Malaysia 83 1.2 Egypt 77 1.1 Norway 73 1.1 Canada 68 1.0 Uzbekistan 65 1.0 Kuwait 63 0.9 Rest of world 593 8.7 Source: "Worldwide look at reserves and production," Oil & Gas Journal, Vol. 110.12 (December 3, 2012), pp. 28-31, http://www.ogj.com (subscription site)

135

Essays on the politics of regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Angola Argentina Armenia Aruba Azerbaijan Bahamas BahrainPoland Montenegro Azerbaijan Vietnam Portugal UzbekistanEcuador Czech Republic Azerbaijan Lithuania Georgia Moldova

Weymouth, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Documents for Foreign Nationals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. **Terrorist-sponsoring countries include: Cuba, Iran, Sudan, and Syria. Requirements for Foreign Nationals (excluding nationals of sensitive...

137

High Definition Dynamic Reservoir Characterization for CO2 Management, Delhi Field, Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guyana Europe, Asia and Pacific Crude petroleum Azerbaijan, Papua New Guinea, Brunei Darussalam, Norway & coconut oil Kiribati Cotton Pakistan, Uzbekistan Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan Source: Cashin

138

Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Website http:www.diw-econ.deenexam Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Central Asia, Central Asia,...

139

doi: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0015 , 2359-2367 first published online 1 April 20092762009Proc. R. Soc. B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suturalis Indonesia: Sumatra 3301 suturalis Indonesia: Sumatra 1259 suturalis Uzbekistan 148 suturalis Czech of the cicadas of Wallacea, New Guinea and the West Pacific: a geotectonic exploration. Palaeogeogr

Ribera, Ignacio

140

Coyote (Canis latrans), 100+ Years in the East  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suturalis Indonesia: Sumatra 3301 suturalis Indonesia: Sumatra 1259 suturalis Uzbekistan 148 suturalis Czech of the cicadas of Wallacea, New Guinea and the West Pacific: a geotectonic exploration. Palaeogeogr

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Office of Weapons Material Protection | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

against both internal and external threat scenarios. OWMP is also oversees sustainability efforts at a number of nuclear sites in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and...

142

Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe Western...

143

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pakistan; Aug 2013; Bangladesh; Aug 2013; Uzbekistan; Aug 2013; Caspian Sea; Aug 2013; Eastern Mediterranean; Aug 2013; Equatorial Guinea; Aug 2013; ...

144

The Ambiguous Transition: Building State Capacity and Expanding Popular Participation in Venezuela's Agrarian Reform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduce the role of foreign oil companies. “Once government-Venezuelan state and the foreign oil companies against eachChinese immigrants. The foreign oil firms, which dominated

Page, Tiffany Linton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Equal rights for equal action : women's mobilization for suffrage in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From Monroe’s Hemisphere to Petroleum’s Empire. Athens: TheUrbanization and the Petroleum Industry……………. Chapter Three:of the agricultural and petroleum economies resulted in

Skog, Erica Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Mediating regional development : how metalworking firms forged lasting linkages with steel in Ciudad, Guayana, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ever since the late 1950s, planners have lured large firms to lagging regions with the expectation that they will trigger local industrial activity. According to the literatures on unbalanced growth, growth poles, foreign ...

Döhnert, Sylvia, 1970-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Equal rights for equal action : women's mobilization for suffrage in Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

president/dictator 1941- 1945 ACF Agrupación (Asociación)Cultural Femenina (ACF) and the Asociación Venezolana dethe Agrupación Cultural Femenina (ACF) in October 1935. 17

Skog, Erica Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1970's: 344: 319: 395: 241: 250: 181: 293: 1980's: 156: 147: 155: 164: 253: 306: 416 ...

149

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 0: 2: 0: 1: 0: 2000's: 0: 0: 1: 4: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 2010's: 0: 3: 34-

150

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1973: 246: 205: 199: 281: 352: 346: 392: 425: 405: 423: 454: 396: 1974: 255: 222: 278: 285: 235: 247: 371: 375 ...

151

Venezuela Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

152

Characterization of Habitat for Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in Los Roques Archipelago National Park, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information on the locations for feeding, reproductions, and resting, are essential to effectively protect sea turtle populations and implement conservation efforts. This type of ecological information is critically important for hawksbill turtle conservation in Los Roques Archipelago National Park (LRANP) where turtles have been declining in spite of habitat protection efforts. The goal of this research was to produce a benthic habitat map of LRANP employing in situ visual surveys, remote sensing and geographic information system techniques, and to spatially characterize sea turtle occupancy and patterns of usage by habitat type. Between June and August of 2008, turtle behavior and habitat use were recorded during 159 h of observation, comprising 46 sighting events (n = 20 juveniles, n = 26 female adults). Observed activities were grouped into 4 categories: foraging, resting, swimming, and reproductive behavior. The benthic habitat at each turtle sighting was recorded as one of three categories: coral reef, sand or marine vegetation. Results suggest that the population of turtles within LRANP is comprised primarily of female adults and juvenile individuals and that coral reef is the most important habitat for this species. The most important foraging area in the atoll is a coral patch reef that connects Dos Mosquises Sur and Dos Mosquises Norte. The data in this thesis have been made available in digital and map form to the managers of LRANP for management purposes.

Hunt, Luciana E.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 243: 119: 119: 121: 139: 3: 224: 258: 8: 140: 183: 166: 1994: 848: 103: 113: 581: 558: 303: 111: 126: 324 ...

154

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1970's: 1,135: 979: 702: 700: 690: 646: 690: 1980's: 481: 406: 412: 422: 548: 605: 793 ...

155

U.S. FOB Costs of Venezuela Crude Oil (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 9/3/2013: Next Release Date: 10/1/2013: Referring Pages: F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Area; F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Area

156

U.S. Imports from Venezuela of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 43,317: 36,275: 36,375: 39,425: 39,187: 38,756: 42,905: 42,875: 38,180: 39,564: 39,661: 38,127: 1994 ...

157

U.S. Exports to Venezuela of Petroleum Coke (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 239: 116: 109: 115: 134: 0: 221: 116: 1: 138: 180: 162: 1994: 143: 88: 105: 114: 138: 116: ...

158

Dermatoscopy in the diagnosis of tinea nigra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report of twelve cases in Venezuela. Mycopathologia. 2005;by Phaeoannelomyces werneckii . In Venezuela, there are case

Xavier, Marcus Henrique de S B; Ribeiro, Lúcia Helena S; Duarte, Hélio; Saraça, Giani; Souza, Ângela Cristina L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

History of German Language Dermatology (Geschichte der deutschschprachigen Dermatologie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela History of German Language Dermatology (

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Infant and Under-Five Mortality Child Malnutrition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kazakhstan 75 Azerbaijan 105 Middle East/North Africa Cyprus 7 United Arab Emirates 9 Kuwait 10 Oman 14 14 Azerbaijan 17 Uzbekistan 19 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1990 2000 32 28 NUTRITIONAL STATUS IMPROVES average (-) 91 Uzbekistan (-) 85 Turkey (79) 82 Georgia (-) 79 Azerbaijan (-) 78 Kyrgyzstan (-) 77

de Groen, Pieter

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

GEOSS in Americas Symposium Side Session -Capacity Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

y15 specialists from SA (Argentina, Brazil, Chile y Venezuela) and experts from NA (Canada, EEUU)Venezuela FLASAFLASA VenezuelaVenezuela Universidad SimUniversidad Simóón Boln Bolíívarvar USBUSB VenezuelaVenezuela of Venezuela ·It is a depression ~1400 m deep, connected to the Caribbean Sea by two shallow channels (~140 m

162

Real exchange rate and international reserves in an era of growing financial and trade integration*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Turkey Uganda Uruguay Venezuela Zambia First Year Last YearParaguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela Export Composition: The twoAlgeria Russia Norway Venezuela Chile Australia Canada South

Aizenman, Joshua; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

When the gods howled  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine Central University of VenezuelaCaracas, Venezuela. mgoihmanyahr@yahoo.com Disclaimer:Central University of Venezuela. In Mesopotamian mythology,

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Parable: What is this noise?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela. mgoihmanyahr@yahoo.com Disclaimer:of Central University of Venezuela nor those of Dermatology

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Cycles of Electoral Democracy in Latin America, 1900-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela non-democratic democratic1946), Brazil (1946), Venezuela (1946), and Ecuador (1948)—Colombia, Costa Rica, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic.

Smith, Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Latin America, State Power, and the Challenge to Global Capital  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be under construction in Venezuela or in Bolivia? It’s tooBolivarian revolution in Venezuela saying that. What theycapitalism could develop in Venezuela without being linked

Robinson, William I.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

From the Gospel According to Saint Matthew  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela. mgoihmanyahr@yahoo.com Disclaimer: Thethe Central University of Venezuela. "Swear not at all; …But

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Vector control in cutaneous leishmaniasis of the old world: A review of literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ingenio, Miranda State, Venezuela. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg.of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Venezuela: cluster randomisedtrials, 2 were conducted in Venezuela while 1 was conducted

Kassi, Masoom; Kasi, Pashtoon Murtaza; Marri, Shah Muhammad; Tareen, Iqbal; Khawar, Talha

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Downloading Competition Law from a Regional Trade Agreement (RTA): A New Strategy to Introduce Competion Law in Bolivia and Ecuador  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ecuador and Colombia. Venezuela entered the agreement in22 nd of April 2006 Venezuela has announced its withdrawal,67 y Bruno CIUFFETELLI, “Venezuela: role of antitrust law in

Marcos, Francisco

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Attempts to undermine tobacco control: tobacco industry "youth smoking prevention" programs to undermine meaningful tobacco control in Latin America.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

April 20, 2006. 56. Venezuela No-Smoking Program for Youth.Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela) had ratified the World Healthespecially Puerto Rico, Venezuela and Uruguay, are pressing

Sebrié, Ernesto M; Glantz, Stanton A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Health Travels: Cuban Health(care) On and Off the Island  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American social medicine in Venezuela’, American Journal ofRevolutionary Doctors: How Venezuela and Cuba Are Changinghealthcare providers in Venezuela: a case study’, Public

Burke, Nancy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Revolutionary Urbanism: The Struggle for the Streets of Caracas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capitalismo. Caracas, Venezuela: Ediciones de la BibliotecaPolitical Conflict in Venezuela, in: Bulletin of LatinHugo. 2004. Chávez : Venezuela and the New Latin America.

Rojas, Carmen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Linking fisheries management and conservation in bioengineering species: the case of South American mussels (Mytilidae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the cultured in Venezuela. Farmed invasive bivalvefor exploitation (Venezuela). Extraction from natural banksin the Gulf of Paria (Venezuela) in 1993, causing large

Carranza, Alvar; Defeo, Omar; Beck, Mike; Castilla, Juan Carlos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

The pendulum's swing: Cause and effect relationship  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela. mgoihmanyahr@yahoo.com Disclaimer:of Central University of Venezuela nor those of Dermatology

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

The origin of Adam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of VenezuelaCaracas, Venezuela There is a Midrash that tells that whensystems. In my country (Venezuela), it is exceedingly

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

CILAS Summer 2006 Newsletter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Humanities, and from Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador toLatin American Flair: Venezuela, Peru, and Brazil by Monicathe Universidad Central de Venezuela, taught two classes—an

Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Identity against Totality: the Counterdiscourse of Separation beyond the Decolonial Turn  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

finally toward Latin America and Venezuela in particular—butrecent developments in Venezuela, we will attempt to presentLatin America, and Venezuela more specifically. Arriving via

Ciccariello-Maher IV, George Joseph

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Abundance, behavior and entomological inoculation rates of anthropophilic anophelines from a primary Colombian malaria endemic area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mining areas of southern Venezuela. Med Vet Entomol 2007,Alto Orinoco, Amazonas, Venezuela. Entomotropica 2005, 20:inoculation rates in western Venezuela. Acta Trop 1992, 52:

Naranjo-Diaz, Nelson; Rosero, Doris A; Rua-Uribe, Guillermo; Luckhart, Shirley; Correa, Margarita M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Shifting Interest Regimes of the Working Classes in Latin America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

although Mexico and Venezuela were exceptions. More8 in Peru, and 12 in Venezuela. 8 This rise in the informalin Argentina, Chile, Peru, and Venezuela . Findings reported

Berins Collier, Ruth; Handlin, Samuel P.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Paradoxical Republics: Tropes of Civic Longing in Postcolonial Caribbean Writing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

el rey de los mestizos de Venezuela viene luego; desvanecidohave suggested Mexico or Venezuela as Conrad’s favoredfourteen year residence in Venezuela (1945-1959), a nation

Ramos, Luis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Democracy and the political ascendancy of broadcast television in Latin America : 1950 through 1970  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Latin America. / Venezuela (Pérez Jiménez dictatorship) -Dem Pacheco A. – Dem Venezuela – Betancourt – Dem Leoni O. –latinoamericano. Caracas, Venezuela: Universidad Central de

Simón, Harry L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Including Outsiders: Social Policy Expansion in Latin America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

y democracia. Ensayos sobre América Latina y Venezuela.Universidad Central de Venezuela. Landim, Leilah, ed. 1998.Populist Resurgence in Venezuela,? Latin American Politics

Garay, Maria Candelaria

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Reflections on the Macro Foundations of the Middle Class in the Developing World  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Argentina, Ecuador and Venezuela, shown for the case ofand in the case of Venezuela and Ecuador with theircapita, 1990 & India (urban) Venezuela Ecuador China (urban)

Birdsall, Nancy

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Parable: The broken reed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela. mgoihmanyahr@yahoo.com Disclaimer: TheCentral University of Venezuela. King Hezekiah was warned by

Goihman, Mauricio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

data: Improving the use of information from museum specimens: Using Google Earth© to georeference Guiana Shield specimens in the US National Herbarium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Orinoco-Ventuari Region, Venezuela. Geo- graphical Review,de la Ne- blina, Amazonas, Venezuela. Geographical Re- view,Cerro Duida Region of Venezuela. Geographical Review, 20,

Garcia-Milagros, Eduardo; Funk, Vicki A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Latin America’s New World of Work: Changing Traits of Work and Problem Solving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Impact of Choice in Venezuela. ” Manuscript. Hussmanns,Argentina; Caracas, Venezuela; Lima, Peru, and Santiago,place in Argentina and Venezuela around the time of the

Collier, Ruth Berins; Palmer-Rubin, Brian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Evidence of a Shift in the Short-Run Price Elasticity of Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

143. Banerjee, N. (2002). "Venezuela Strife Pushes Crude Oilcrude oil production for Venezuela, Iraq and the Unitedfor three countries, Venezuela (VZ jt ), Iraq (IQ jt ) and

Hughes, Jonathan; Knittel, Christopher R; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

El comportamiento del mercado de trabajo en América Latina en el contexto de la globalización económica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Colombia Chile Perú Venezuela a Ocupados correspondientes aColombia, Chile, Perú y Venezuela. Conviene hacer unaregistrarse en Chile y en Venezuela, en general, situándose

Ruesga, Santos; Fujii, Gerardo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Exchange Market Pressure and Absorption by International Reserves: Emerging Markets and Fear of Reserve Loss During the 2008-09 Crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the exception of Venezuela, all the emerging marketsrespectively), followed by Venezuela, Morocco, India andThailand, Turkey and Venezuela. We exclude Hungary because

Aizenman, Joshua; Hutchison, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

The Slippery Slope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vargas School of Medicine, Central University of Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela Introduction In the life of individuals,we focus on South America, Venezuela has imported caretakers

Goihman-Yahr, Mauricio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Cuba’s Education System: A Beacon of Light in Latin America Facing an Uncertain Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dominican Republic, and Venezuela. 3 Much of the comparisonCuba Chile Mexico Argentina Venezuela Peru Bolivia Paraguayon education as % of GNP for Venezuela is unavailable. While

Johnstone, Brian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The Difference Between Certainly and Perhaps: The Bargaining Strategies of Venezuela and Argentina In Commercial Debt Negotiations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Affairs, Subcommittee on International Finance and Monetary Policy, “Affairs Committee, Subcommittee on International Finance and Monetary Policy,

Doherty, E.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The study of the accumulation of hydrocarbons in VLE 196, Block V, Lamar field, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lake Maracaibo basin is a prolific basin. Its study is not straightforward due to complex tectonic history. At this time, most of the reservoirs have been found and our aim is to better understand the reservoirs and their characteristics to better anticipate production behavior and to explore new areas that are more complex. Five reflectors were picked: the overlying unconformity, C4 reservoir layer, C5 reservoir layer, the Guasare Formation and the La Luna Formation (the source rock). Faults were picked according to the non-continuity of the seismic reflectors. The fault network is complex and consists of normal, reverse and strike-slip faults. Mapping these reflectors better defined the area of production. The main trap is a positive flower structure situated in the central area of the field. Associated faults create numerous compartments that trap hydrocarbon flow. My interpretation suggests that area west of the main fault could be interesting. This needs confirmation by a more-detailed study and more well control. Wells are mainly concentrated in the area of production; there was no well data available for the western part.

Leveque, Soazig

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Taxonomic Revision of the Ant Genus Linepithema (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

03º58’S 73º25’W [ALWC]. VENEZUELA. Aragua: Parque NacionalTrinidad (s.loc. ) [LACM]. VENEZUELA. Aragua: Rancho Grande,78º41’W, 1500m [ALWC]. VENEZUELA. Venezuela (s.loc. ), Port-

Wild, Alexander L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Poland, Portugal 2 Japan, Venezuela 15 Australia, Belgium,United Kingdom United States Venezuela 8,152 max 11,240 minGDP per capita (continued) Smoke Venezuela, RB Venezuela, RB

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

PROGRAM OF QCD 99 Montpellier 7-13th July 1999  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Azerbaijan, Moldova and Ukraine, as well as all Uzbek borders. We verified that the degree of market Azerbaijan Moldova Kyrgyz Republic Ukraine Uzbekistan Armenia Russia .25.3.35.4.45.5 SupportfortheMarket 25

197

Sustainable development and comprehensive capital : The post-Soviet decline of Central Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general post-Soviet decline of the states of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) mirrors specific declines in the robustness of these states' stocks of financial, physical, ...

Sievers, Eric

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

APPENDIX C1 Foreign Per Diem Rates -Effective October 1, 2010 Country Location  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fishmeal Peru #12;7 Rice Guyana Europe and Asia and the Pacific Crude petroleum Azerbaijan, Papua New Zealand Copra & coconut oil Kiribati Cotton Pakistan Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Source

199

The contribution of leading diseases and risk factors to excess losses of healthy life in eastern Europe: burden of disease study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia C Low child, high adult Belarus, Estonia, Hungary, Kazakhstan...

Powles, John W; Zatonski, Witold; Vander Hoorn, Stephen; Ezzati, Majid

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

200

China energy, environment, and climate study: Background issues paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Wuji. The length of the pipelines total 4000 kilometerspipeline would total 6870 kilometers in length and requirepipeline would begin in Turkmenistan or Uzbekistan and end at Lianyungang in northeastern Jiangsu province. The length

Sinton, Jonathan E.; Fridley, David G.; Logan, Jeffrey; Guo, Yuan; Wang, Bangcheng; Xu, Qing

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

doi: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0015 published online 1 April 2009Proc. R. Soc. B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indonesia: Sumatra 3301 suturalis Indonesia: Sumatra 1259 suturalis Uzbekistan 148 suturalis Czech Republic. 1016/j.tree.2008.05.001) Boer, A. J. & Duffels, J. P. 1996 Historical biogeography of the cicadas

202

UNIVERSITE JOSEPH FOURIER -GRENOBLE I Anne 2006 Thse N  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indonesia: Sumatra 3301 suturalis Indonesia: Sumatra 1259 suturalis Uzbekistan 148 suturalis Czech Republic. 1016/j.tree.2008.05.001) Boer, A. J. & Duffels, J. P. 1996 Historical biogeography of the cicadas

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

203

Turkmenistan - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State Energy Data System ... State Agency on Management and Use of ... Lack of maintenance on the CAC caused Uzbekistan to re-open the moth-balled Bukhara-Urals ...

204

DOI 10.1007/s10346-008-0137-0 Received: 24 July 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Jordan, 1978; Pascal et al., 1978; Isacks et al., 1980). Louat and Pelletier (1989) indicate--Vanuatu Region. Houston, Circum-Pac. Energy Miner. Resour., Earth Scie. Ser., 8. Coleman, P. J., and Packham, G, Circum-Pac Energy and Miner. Resour. Earth Sci. Ser., 8:163-176. Isacks, B. L., Cardwell, R. K

205

How Are Sovereign Debtors Punished? Evidence from the Gold Standard Era  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of gunboats when Venezuela defaulted in 1902-3 andand bombardment of Venezuela in 1902; the imposition of theand gunboats to force Venezuela to come to terms on its

Mitchener, Kris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21, 2008. Ying, Wang. “ China, Venezuela firms to co-developApril 21, “China and Venezuela sign oil agreements. ” Chinaaccessed April 21, “Venezuela and China sign oil deal. ” BBC

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

El sistema venezolano de protección de la salud del consumidor: entre objetivos políticos y riesgo de underdeterrence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metropolitana (Caracas, Venezuela). Investigador en el áreaIII, Universidad Central de Venezuela (2001-02). Doctor enEven in recent years, Venezuela has suffered scarcity of a

Oliveros, Sheraldine Pinto

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Consequences of Data Error in Aggregate Indicators: Evidence from the Human Development Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

below the HDI 1975 of Venezuela), by 2006 the Portugal HDIthe 2006 reported HDI 1975 of Venezuela. On average over allSaudi Arabia Thailand Venezuela Colombia Brazil Mauritius

Wolff, Hendrik; Chong, Howard; Auffhammer, Maximilian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Libre Empresa y Responsabilidad Social  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

980-6073-92-4 Caracas, Venezuela 2006 a Centro de Etica yLos Caobos, Caracas, Venezuela. Teléfono:+58 (212) 571.3357de Empresarios y Empresas en Venezuela durante el siglo XX.

Chafuen, Alejandro Antonio

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Attitudes toward offshore oil development: A summary of current evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F. The politics of oil in Venezuela. Stanford, CA: Stanfordoil and democracy in Venezuela. Unpublished PhD thesis,Campoy A, Rodriguez O. Venezuela: class warfare. 2003. See

Gramling, R; Freudenburg, Wm R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Women weaving the dream of the revolution in the American continent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Partidos y Sindicatos en Venezuela, 1936-1950. Centauro,en Cuadernos de Cendes, Universidad Central de Venezuela,Caracas, Venezuela, Año Segundo, Enero-Abril 1994, pp. 25-

Angeleri, Sandra

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Global Crisis and Latin America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Honduras Mexico Peru Venezuela Source: World Bank (2001a,on commodity exports. Venezuela and Ecuador depend almost23.7 per cent; and for Venezuela, 15.3 per cent (ECLAC,

Robinson, William I.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Biogeochemical Signatures in Precambrian Black Shales: Window Into the Co-Evolution of Ocean Chemistry and Life on Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela. Chemical Geology 195, 131-in the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela. Chem. Geol. 195, 131–157.in the Cariaco Basin, Venezuela: Chemical Geology, v. 195,

Scott, Clinton

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Surfing the Waves of Globalization: Asia and Financial Globalization in the Context of the Trilemma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7% pt. Jordan Jamaica Venezuela, RB Chile Peru ArgentinaTrinidad and Tobago Venezuela, RB 1992-96 (red-x) vs. 2002-is at 0 Peru (2.14) Venezuela Mexico 2 Investment volatility

Aizenman, Joshua; Chen, Menzie; Ito, Hiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Species Revision and Generic Systematics of World Rileyinae (Hymenoptera: Eurytomidae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Gates (1m UCR). VENEZUELA: Zulia: El Tucuco, Rain forest,15.x.1962, L. Pena (1F CNC). VENEZUELA: Aragua: San Estebanvi.1973 (1F UCR). VENEZUELA: Zulia: Rosario, 4.vi.1976, A.S.

Gates, Michael William

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Scientific Basis of Tobacco Product Regulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

also be smoked in pipes. Venezuela Tobacco, other plants,Size Filter hard pack/Venezuela SG Ventil Regular FilterSize Filter hard pack/Venezuela SG Ventil Regular Filter

World Health Organization

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Understanding Global Capitalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the model emerging in Venezuela, and we could say with 21stBolivarian initiative, Venezuela. I was wondering how theand that's done by the way, Venezuela and Argentina are good

Robinson, William I.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Phylogeography of the neotropical Anopheles triannulatus complex (Diptera: Culicidae) supports deep structure and complex patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

triannulatus C; trans-Andean Venezuela; central Amazonia +Colombia; and cis- Venezuela. The Amazon delta specimens areTRI) 10°39’N/61°09’W RCW Venezuela Trinidad-Tobago Salobra (

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Transformative Possibilities in Latin America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gregory Wilpert, ‘Chávez Af?rms Venezuela is Heading Towardsinclude: Hugo Chávez in Venezuela (1998); Lula and the PT inrebellion? On the other hand, Venezuela is leading a radical

Robinson, William I.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Is the environmental Kuznets curve an empirical regularity?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.K. T*** U.S. T*** T*** Venezuela P*** Yugoslavia T*** T***Yugoslavia, Canada Japan, Venezuela Australia, Belgium,Poland, H.K. , Thailand, Venezuela Brazil, India, Israel,

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

e.g. , Indonesia and Venezuela). This represents a change ofFede Paraguay Guatemala Venezuela, R Romania Croatia BrazilParaguay Guatemala Venezuela, R Yemen, Rep. Albania Ecuador

Buscaglia, Edgardo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Martinez, Carlos, Michael Fox and JoJo Farrell. Venezuela Speaks! Voices from the Grassroots. Oakland, CA: PM Press, 2010. 343 pp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

introduction, and glossary make the book accessible to ainclude two concise glossaries that help organize this body

Farrell, Michelle Leigh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

3-D structural and seismic stratigraphic interpretation of the Guasare-Misoa Interval, VLE 196 Area, Block V, Lamar Field, Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, the structure, depositional system, and the seismic stratigraphy of the VLE 196 area, Block V in Lamar Field were interpreted using 3-D seismic data and well logs to characterize structural and depositional settings of the Guasare-Misoa interval. To demonstrate structural settings of the study area 3-D seismic data were interpreted. Three main seismic reflectors, which are the Late Eocene unconformity, Guasare, and La Luna formations, were picked. The most dominant structure in the area is the VLE 400 Fault which was interpreted as a left-lateral strike-slip reverse fault due to its behaviors as a reverse fault in cross sections and as a strike-slip fault in strike sections. The VLE 400 Fault subdivides the VLE 196 area into two main structural blocks, a downthrown block in the western part and the upthrown block in the eastern part of the field where the hydrocarbons were trapped. Several en echelon normal and reverse faults were located along the both sides of the area. The main importance of these faults are that they fractured the La Luna source rock and created migration pathways through the reservoir layers of the Misoa Formation. To interpret depositional system of the Guasare-Misoa interval, tops of the C4 and C5 intervals and associated C4 layers were picked based on well logs and lithofacies maps were prepared. The results of this part of the study show that the sandstones of the Misoa Formation are delta front and fluvial/distributary channel facies of delta system. The net sand thickness map of the C4 interval also exhibits southeast northwest contour patterns reflecting depositional axes in the area. Shaly units of the C4 interval interpreted as potential seals and are of variable thickness and extend. Seismic stratigraphic interpretation of the area shows that the four main seismic facies are dominant which mainly represent the recent sediments, "C" sands of the Misoa Formation, underlying Colon and Mito Juan shales, and basement respectively. Some distributary eroded channel fill structures were also observed within the Misoa Formation, but they were not continuous through the area because of the intensive faulting.

Arzuman, Sadun

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Quick Anomaly Detection by the Newcomb--Benford Law, with Applications to Electoral Processes Data from the USA, Puerto Rico and Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple and quick general test to screen for numerical anomalies is presented. It can be applied, for example, to electoral processes, both electronic and manual. It uses vote counts in officially published voting units, which are typically widely available and institutionally backed. The test examines the frequencies of digits on voting counts and rests on the First (NBL1) and Second Digit Newcomb--Benford Law (NBL2), and in a novel generalization of the law under restrictions of the maximum number of voters per unit (RNBL2). We apply the test to the 2004 USA presidential elections, the Puerto Rico (1996, 2000 and 2004) governor elections, the 2004 Venezuelan presidential recall referendum (RRP) and the previous 2000 Venezuelan Presidential election. The NBL2 is compellingly rejected only in the Venezuelan referendum and only for electronic voting units. Our original suggestion on the RRP (Pericchi and Torres, 2004) was criticized by The Carter Center report (2005). Acknowledging this, Mebane (2006) and The...

Pericchi, Luis; 10.1214/09-STS296

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Political risks focus attention on supply of Venezuelan oil to the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uncertainty about the health of Hugo Chávez, Venezuela's president, has raised interest in understanding Venezuela's contribution to U.S. oil supply.

226

applications of sensors and modeling to materials processing: ii - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... SIDOR: J. Rodriguez, A. Valles, C.V.G SIDOR, Puerto Ordaz, Venezuela, M. Rao, Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guayana, Puerto Ordaz, Venezuela.

227

Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report in Latin America and the Caribbean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and fundamental freedoms by electoral autocracies, such as Russia, and Venezuela. Moreover many autocracies (Bangkok office): Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan and Bangladesh Latin America (Panama office): Venezuela, Chile

228

University of Missouri Foreign Visitor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nicaragua 47 78 Iran 46 79 Vanuatu 46 79 Azerbaijan 45 81 Belize 43 82 El Salvador 42 83 Honduras 42 83 81 0 25970 77 - 103 25x 33x Azerbaijan 81 74 45 55 35 7697 121 5 550 70 97 96 - - Bahamas 129 68 21 - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan 81 6 26 49 - 10 2 3 22 - - Bahamas 129 - - - - - - - - - - Bahrain 142 6x 36 69 - 9 2 5 10

Zeng, Yong - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Missouri

229

XIII REPSOLYPF-HARVARD SEMINAR SALAMANCA, SPAIN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, are inefficient, such as Mexico's Pemex and, now, Venezuela's PDVSA following President Hugo Chavez's coming

Deutch, John

230

Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC02-76CH03073. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05/16/05 Plasma Research Laboratory, Australian National University, Australia Professor I.R. Jones, Institute for Plasma Research, India Ms. P.J. Pathak, Librarian, Institute for Plasma Research, India Dr Physics Division, Insitute of Nuclear Physics, Uzbekistan Institute for Plasma Research, University

231

Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC02-76CH03073. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/16/05 Plasma Research Laboratory, Australian National University, Australia Professor I.R. Jones, Flinders for Plasma Research, India Ms. P.J. Pathak, Librarian, Institute for Plasma Research, India Dr. Pandji Division, Insitute of Nuclear Physics, Uzbekistan Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland

232

arXiv:1206.2443v1[hep-ex]12Jun2012 EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH (CERN)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.3 12.8 7.4 10.1 4.8 5.3 Uzbekistan 1.0 0 0 0 0 0 Azerbaijan 7.9 2.6 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 Georgia 10.3 0.5 0

233

60 80 100 120 Arctic Circle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.A.E. TURKMENISTAN UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN GEORGIA ARMENIA (INDIA) MALDIVES R U S S I A U.K. NORWAY SWEDEN KHREBET YABLONO V Y Y KH REBET SIKHOTE-ALIN' T I E N S H A N K U N L U N ZAGROSMTS. CAUCASUS MTS. KHREBET

234

60 80 100 120 Arctic Circle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.A.E. TURKMENISTAN UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN GEORGIA ARMENIA (INDIA) MALDIVES R U S S I A U.K. NORWAY SWEDEN VERKHOY ANSK KHREBET YABLONOVYY K H R EBET SIKHOTE-ALIN' T I E N S H A N K U N L U N ZAGROSMTS. CAUCASUS

235

FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

C. A. La Electricidad de Caracas: Feasibility-study definitional report. Arreciffs Units 1 through 5 repowering project, electric power generation expansion Venezuela thermal power plant. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

C.A. La Electricidad de Caracas (E.de C.) is a private company which in 1991 served some 830,000 customers in an area of 4,160 square kilometers surrounding Caracas. A program is underway by E.de C. for upgrading equipment and expanding the capacity of several of its existing generating facilities. The Arrecifes repowering project will involve the addition of about 330 MW of new natural gas fired gas turbine generators and heat recovery steam generators (HRSGs) to five existing thermal power units built 30 to 40 years ago which have steam turbine generator sets of 26 to 41 MW each. The existing steam boilers will be removed. The limited but seemingly sufficient space available is to be a primary focus of the feasibility study.

Not Available

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Center for Latin American Studies University of California, Berkeley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela, Iran's NIOC, and Mexico's Pemex, produce 25% of the world's oil, Petroleos de Venezuela, Iran's NIOC, and Mexico's Pemex. With the super majors and the largest state oil

Kammen, Daniel M.

238

Venezuelan ``apertura`` invites private exploration capital  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Congress of the Republic of Venezuela on July 4, 1995, approved the conditions for an Exploration Association Contract. This action opened Venezuela to exploration for light and medium crudes by private companies in association with a special-purpose affiliate of Petroleos de Venezuela (Pdvsa). The objective of the apertura, or opening, is to attract private capital to Venezuela`s petroleum sector and thereby accelerate exploration and development of light and medium crude oil. An important parallel objective is for this incremental investment into the country to stimulate the domestic economy and encourage development and growth across all sectors. The paper discusses the geology of the four primary sedimentary basins in Venezuela, source rocks and maturity, and the costs and terms of Venezuela`s contract.

Carnevali, J. [Petroleos de Venezuela SA, Caracas (Venezuela)

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

239

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Name Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials Website http://www.forestcarbonpartner Country Argentina, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam

240

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Libya, and Nigeria (Africa); Ecuador and Venezuela (South America); Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Measuring Payoffs from Information-Technology Investments: New Evidence from Sector-Level Data on Developed and Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Philippines Poland Portugal Taiwan Thailand Turkey Venezuela Table 2 UN versus IBM sector definitions UN Sectors Manufacturing Electricity,

Plice, Robert K.; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

20 Easy International Recipes 1. Yakisoba Chicken (Japan)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- Ojos de Buey (Venezuela) Ingredients 24 pitted prunes 12 bacon strips, cut in half 8 bamboo skewers

Roy, Subrata

243

Inside Energy February 3, 2003Page 16 Copyright 2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an effort to keep as much oil on the market as possible during the continued labor turmoil in Venezuela

244

Alteraes na Homepage e nos Produtos -Updates in the Homepage and Alteraes na Homepage Relacionadas com o Risco de Fogo -Updates in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

created for Bolivia 2006 Implementada novas paginas de Paraguai, Peru e Venezuela. New web pages implemented for Paraguay, Peru and. Venezuela. 2006 Reestilização da pagina de links com acervo de mapas Paraguai (em adição ao da Bolívia e Peru); apresentada o monitoramento à equipe da Venezuela e realizada

245

DPI403 NORRIS FALL 2009 8/13/2009 12:31 PM DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SALVADOR HONDURAS NICARAGUA COSTA RICA PANAMÁ COLOMBIA VENEZUELA ECUADOR PER� BRASIL BOLIVIA PARAGUAY CHILE NICARAGUA VENEZUELA BRASIL BOLIVIA URUGUAY ARGENTINA JAMAICA HAITÍ REP. DOMINICANA TRINIDAD Y TOBAGO (incluyendoa Venezuela)seconcentrael25%dela biodiversidaddelplaneta. EnlosAndes estánpresentes84delas114zonasde

Milchberg, Howard

246

R E V I E W UC SANTA CRUZUC SANTA CRUZSummer 1997  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Rhodesia, Turkey, Venezuela, and New Zealand. He currently consults on the channel undersea tunnels, the United States, and Venezuela. Dr. Allen has conducted field research in Chile, China, Indonesia, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, the Philippines, Taiwan, Tibet, Turkey, the United States, and Venezuela. Dr. Allen

California at Santa Cruz, University of

247

Igor V. Veryovkin - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SC > Igor V. Veryovkin SC > Igor V. Veryovkin Igor V. Veryovkin Chemist, Principle Investigator Bldg. 200, D-107 Phone: 630-252-3586 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Quick Links Publications Education Ph.D. in Physics and Mathematics (physical electronics), 1993 M. Sc. in Physical Engineering (physical electronics), 1985, summa cum laude degree Department of Physical Engineering, Tashkent Polytechnical Institute, Tashkent, Soviet Union Thesis: Unimolecular decay of secondary cluster ions of heavy metals (Advisor: Dr. A. D. Bekkerman) Arifov Institute of Electronics / Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan Thesis: Investigation of energetic and temporal characteristics of fragmentation of secondary cluster ions of tantalum (Advisor: Dr. N. Kh. Dzhemilev)

248

National independence and nonproliferation in the new states of Central Asia  

SciTech Connect

Five independent states emerged in Central Asia from the breakup of the USSR. One of these states, Kazakhstan, possesses nuclear weapons. The other four of these states, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, are not known to possess nuclear weapons, however they occupy a geostrategic position which makes them important to non-proliferation efforts. The present report profiles the capabilities and intentions of these four Central Asian states. The analysis of capabilities suggests that none of these states has the capability to develop a usable nuclear weapon. However, all of these countries-- especially Uzbekistan--have components of the old Soviet nuclear weapons complex which are now orphans. They have no use for these facilities and must either re-profile them, destroy them, or transfer them. The analysis of intentions suggests that the dynamics of national independence have created a situation in which Uzbekistan has hegemonic designs in the region. Implications for retarding nuclear proliferation in the Central Asian region are examined. Opportunities for outside influence are assessed.

Gleason, G.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

EIA Short-Term and Winter Fuels Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Global Economic Growth OPEC Production Decisions Nigeria Venezuela Refinery Outages 8 ... 5-year historical ... year-ago average. Continued high crude costs, ...

250

PANTONE 295 PANTONE black tiro Universidad  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.postgrado.usb.ve/programas/ingenieria/ mecanica_civil/index.html Apartado 89000. Caracas 1080 - Venezuela Requisitos de egreso El estudiante

Vásquez, Carlos

251

WorldWideScience.org | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information (KISTI) - Korea Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) - Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, Portugal, Spain, Venezuela Council for...

252

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait, inday. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.Arabia PRODUCTION QUOTA Iran PRODUCTION QUOTA Venezuela

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Concentration of U.S. crude oil imports among top five suppliers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil imports from the top five foreign suppliers to the United States—which in 2012 were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Iraq, in that order ...

254

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar › Energy in Brief ... Most of this comes from Venezuela via its Energy Agreement with Cuba, ... though currently there are official plans as of ...

255

Argonne CNM: 2004 Seminar Series  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nov. 10, 2004 "Electronic Transport in Molecule-Electrode Interfaces: Current Understanding and Open Questions," Vladimiro Mujica, Universidad Central de Venezuela, hosted by...

256

Exhibitor: NKM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... salt reclaimers to the United States, concrete loaders to Venezuela and since 1963 specially designed cranes and machines for aluminium reduction plants.

257

Evidence of a Shift in the Short-Run Price Elasticity of Gasoline Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Venezuela Strife Pushes Crude Oil to $30." The New YorkPetroleum Monthly, World Crude Oil Production. U.S.Petroleum Navigator, Crude Oil Input Qualities. http://

Hughes, Jonathan; Knittel, Christopher R; Sperling, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Download workshop PDF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

is the most advanced country in this respect, but countries like Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Argentina,. Venezuela, Chile and Uruguay are taking up the issue ...

259

Slide15 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

at Individual WWS.org Databases * Scientific Electronic Library Online (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, Portugal, Spain, Venezuela) Add new comment Original...

260

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

at Individual WWS.org Databases * Scientific Electronic Library Online (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, Portugal, Spain, Venezuela) Add new comment Original...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Word Pro - Untitled1  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Short Tons) Year Australia New Zealand Canada Mexico Colombia Venezuela China India Indonesia Europe South Africa Other Total Norway Poland Russia Ukraine United...

262

Attempts to undermine tobacco control: tobacco industry "youth smoking prevention" programs to undermine meaningful tobacco control in Latin America.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

access initiatives— Puerto Rico. October 2, 1995. Bates no.a market presence in Puerto Rico, and RJR Interna- tionallocal subsidiaries], especially Puerto Rico, Venezuela and

Sebrié, Ernesto M; Glantz, Stanton A

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Sequestration's Role in Carbon Management - a global perspective  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas R&D Programme www.ieagreen.org.uk Australia Canada CEC Denmark Finland Japan Korea New Zealand Norway Poland Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom United States Venezuela...

264

Crude Oil Price Forecast - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cutbacks in heavy crude oil production targeted by Mexico, Saudi Arabia and to some degree Venezuela should help narrow the differential. The ...

265

Der venezolanische Energiemarkt zwischen Liberalisierung und Verstaatlichung : eine Untersuchung vor dem Hintergrund der Energierechtsreformen in Südamerika und Europa, insbesondere in Deutschland.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Die vorliegende Arbeit analysiert Strukturen, Entwicklungen und den aktuellen Stand der Energiewirtschaft, aus der Sicht der Öl-, Gas- und Stromindustrie in Venezuela sowie den Wandel… (more)

Jiménez Guanipa, Henry José

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

A simple exact separation algorithm for 2-matching inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simón Bol?var University, Venezuela. Abstract. In this work we present an exact separation algorithm for the so called 2-matching in- equalities, otherwise known  ...

267

Lies do relatrio SREX IPCC na Amrica Latina e no Caribe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

beating Venezuela in the finals by a score of 4-1 in front of about 2,500 Colombian fans of which "about

268

Maureen Dunn | BNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cruises at sea and in research expeditions through rainforests of the Amazonas, Venezuela and Costa Rica Selected Publications Huang, D., Zhao, C., Dunn, M., Dong, X., Mace,...

269

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

venezuela April 19, 2013 Concentration of U.S. crude oil imports among top five suppliers highest since 1997. January 22, 2013 Political risks focus attention on ...

270

Calabozo Site Image #1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CLB-1: General view of the Trachypogon savanna at the Calabozo grassland site, Venezuela. (Trees include Curatella americana, Bowdichia virgilioides and Byrsonima crassifolia....

271

Terry Wallace: Protecting the globe and keeping an eye on seismicity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and ran geology-related experiments in such places as Bolivia, Chile, Argentina and Venezuela. His work has earned him recognition as a leader within the worldwide geological...

272

Light Metals 2007 Volume 4: Electrode Technology TABLE OF ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental Evaluation of the Preheating Process to Gas with Peripheral Protection in Cells of CVG Alcasa, Venezuela [pp. 991-996] Rafael Tosta and Evelyn ...

273

Disarming Deadly South American Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses | Advanced...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nose, eyes, and other orifices. Most outbreaks occur in rural regions of Bolivia, Venezuela, Argentina, and Brazil. "The outbreaks of New World hemorrhagic fever tend to be...

274

CURSO DE PS-GRADUAO EM SENSORIAMENTO REMOTO Coordenador Acadmico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

actividades de minería ilegal en la cuenca media del río Caroní, Venezuela. Julio Lezama, Igor Narvaes #12

275

713.ps - Optimization Online  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2003 ... Research supported in part by CDCHT-UCLA, Venezuela; also supported. in part by a Discovery Grant from NSERC and a PREA of the third ...

276

Optimization Online - Approximating the solution for the ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 23, 2012 ... Citation: Escuela de Computación, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Central de Venezuela, August 2012. Download: [PDF]. Entry Submitted: ...

277

Resource allocation varies with parental sex and brood size in the asynchronously hatching green-rumped parrotlet (Forpus passerinus)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beissinger and Waltman 1991; Grenier and Beissinger 1999).in Venezuela, and Letitia Grenier for valuable discussionsScandi- navica 18:269–276 Grenier JL, Beissinger SR (1999)

Budden, Amber E.; Beissinger, Steven R.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

SUPPORTING INFORMATION Sample list names  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blanca (Brazil); Bacardi Carta de Oro (Brazil); Bacardi Premium Black (Brazil); Bacardi 1873 Solera Old Reserve (France); Selecto (Venezuela); Soccaron (France); XK Solera (Mexico). #12;ii Table 1

Ferreira, Márcia M. C.

279

Notes for International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Dry Natural Gas: OECD, Brazil, Russia, India, China, Venezuela & Saudi Arabia: 6/30: 2010 : All Countries: 11/4: 2010 : Reserves: Proven Reserves of Natural Gas: All ...

280

Sustainable Development Strategy for Central Asia | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development Strategy for Central Asia Development Strategy for Central Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Sustainable Development Strategy for Central Asia Agency/Company /Organization AIT-UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific Sector Energy, Land Topics Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.rrcap.unep.org/nsds Country Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan UN Region Central Asia References SDS Central Asia [1] Overview "SSDS is the agreed guideline for CA countries pursuing sustainable development. The strategy will determine the general approach and directions for the formation of favorable legal, institutional, economical, environmental, informational and other conditions for achievement of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Eurasia Climate Program and Eurasia Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID Europe and Eurasia Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Armenia, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Kazakhstan, Hungary, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan Western Asia, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia References USAID Regional Climate Programs[1]

282

Microsoft Word - SEC J_Appendix D - Sensitive Foreign Nations Control  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

D, Page 1 D, Page 1 SECTION J APPENDIX D SENSITIVE FOREIGN NATIONS CONTROL 1. Pursuant to the Contract Section I Clause entitled "Sensitive Foreign Nations Controls," "sensitive foreign nations" is one of the countries listed below: Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus China (People's Republic of China) Cuba Georgia Hong Kong India Iran Iraq Israel Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Libya Moldova North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) Pakistan Russia Sudan Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan 2. Due to the dynamic nature of world events, other countries may, at any time, become sensitive. Therefore, caution should be exercised with citizens of countries not listed above to

283

Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Supporting RBEC Transition to Low-Emission Development Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UNDP Bratislava Regional Center Partner Interministerial committees headed by the national focal point on climate change Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Economic Development, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://europeandcis.undp.org/e Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Kazakhstan, Moldova, Republic of Kosovo, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

284

Asian Development Outlook 2010 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asian Development Outlook 2010 Asian Development Outlook 2010 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Asian Development Outlook 2010: Macroeconomic Management Beyond the Crisis Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Market analysis, Resource assessment Resource Type: Publications Website: www.adb.org/Documents/Books/ADO/2010/ado2010.pdf Country: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (country), Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, South Korea, Mongolia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Philippines, Myanmar, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

285

Microsoft PowerPoint - International Projects1.pptm.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

International Program International Program Modeling Activities Boris Faybishenko Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA DOE-EM Project Managers- Kurt Gerdes and Skip Chamberlain Performance Assessment Community of Practice Technical Exchange April 13-14, 2010, Richland, WA Outline * Review of projects formerly supported by DOE-EM * Potential International Projects and Analogue Case Studies for ASCEM - Chernobyl Cooling Pond, Ukraine - Nonclassical transport modeling-project with the Nuclear Safety Institute of RAS, Russia - Uranium Mine and Mills Tailing's Covers * Central Asia--Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan - Cementitious Materials for Long-Term Storage and Disposal * Conclusions and Recommendations Overall Objectives of DOE-EM International Program Modeling Activities

286

Industry turns its attention south  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Agency/Company /Organization: U.S. Agency for International Development Sector: Energy Topics: Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Publications Website: www.usaid.gov/rdma/documents/RDMA_Asia-Pacific_Climate_Change_Adaptati Country: China, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Laos, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References: Asia-Pacific Adaptation Assessment[1]

288

Meager genetic variability of the human malaria agent Plasmodium vivax  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

collected from Azerbaijan, Thailand, Turkey, Venezuela, and Ethiopia. Three blood samples were ob- tained; AZE, Azerbaijan; THA, Thailand; TUR, Turkey; VEN, Venezuela; PNG, Papua New Guinea; MOZ, Mozambique variability, P. simium, which comes from South America, is more closely related to P. vivax from Azerbaijan

289

notienefronteras Impacto del cambIo clImtIco en la comunIdad andIna  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ejemplo, en los crecientes asentamientos informales en Colombia, Venezuela y Perú, entre otros países. 2 país. Venezuela y Panamá también fueron afectados. Fuente: Münchener Rückversicherungs

290

Eur. Phys. J. D (2008) DOI: 10.1140/epjd/e2008-00062-x THE EUROPEAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

´erida, Venezuela 2 Departamento de F´isica, Instituto Superior T´ecnico, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal 3 Centro de F media. This work was supported in part by the CDCHT (Project C- 1413-06-05-A), ULA, M`erida, Venezuela

Guerra, Vasco

291

Aprendizajes del Informe Especial (SREX) del IPCC Desastres en Amrica Latina y el Caribe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

crescimento na Colômbia, Venezuela, Peru, e outros países. 2. Baseadas em dados a partir de 1950, há. A Venezuela e o Panamá também foram afetados. Fonte: Münchener Rückversicherungs-Gesellschaft, Geo Risks

292

Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress  

SciTech Connect

In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Kyrgyzstan: Problems, opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kyrgyzstan is a country of 4.3 million persons in Central Asia with Kazakhstan bordering to the north, China to the southeast, Uzbekistan to the west, and Tajikistan to the southwest. Among Kyrgyzstan's major ethnic groups, Kyrgyz account of 52% of the population, Russians 22%, and Uzbeks 13%. Since independence Sept. 7, 1991, from the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan has found itself in a very difficult position. The situation in the energy sector is particularly strained. Oil and gas production are minimal, there are no refineries in the country, and all petroleum products are brought in from Russia, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. Natural gas in supplied from Turkmenistan. Although there are domestic reserves of coal, imports from Russia and Kazakhstan account for 55% of supply. However, there is significant hydropower potential in Kyrgyzstan. Energy officials have clearly identified development of this resource as the path to energy independence and economic progress. An overview of Kyrgyzstan's energy sector is given in this article for crude oil, natural gas, coal resources, electrical power, and investment opportunities.

Banks, J.; Ebel, R. (International Resources Group, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

User's guide to the Venezuelan macrofinancial model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a user's guide and documentation for a macrofinancial model of Venezuela. This model was developed under a DOE International Affairs Division grant (contract no. EX-76-A-01-2295) for the project, "A ...

Aliana, Simon

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

arXiv:1103.5027v1[physics.soc-ph]25Mar2011 EPJ manuscript No.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Angola 10 UK Sudan Azerbaijan UK Iraq 11 Singapore Azerbaijan Malaysia Spain Libya 12 Italy Venezuela and Tobago Thailand Azerbaijan 15 Spain Algeria France Belgium Algeria 16 France Singapore Netherlands Brazil

Giraud, Olivier

296

Camera Recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Venezuela 480,623 Colombia 456,778 South Korea 410,904 Argentina 355,504 Israel 323,523 Bahamas 265,075 Dominican Republic 231,861 ...

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

297

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21, 2008. “China signs $2bn Iran oil deal. ” Al Jazeera (11of its partnerships: Sudan, Iran and Venezuela. An analysiss $400 million contract with Iran may omit information about

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #521: June 2, 2008 The Price...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 2008 Graph showing the price of a gallon of gasoline (in dollars) for Venezuela, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, U.S., Germany, France, and the U.K. For more detailed...

299

Plovers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

America from Central Canada to central Mexico and winters as far south as Venezuela and Peru. The so-called Upland Plover, once so abundant on the original prairies, is actually a...

300

An Environmental Watch System for the Andean Countries: El Observatorio Andino  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental Environmental Watch System, the so-called Observatorio Andino (OA), has been implemented in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile over the past 2 yr. The OA is a collaborative and regional network that aims to ...

Ángel G. Muñoz; Patricio López; Ramón Velásquez; Luis Monterrey; Gloria León; Franklyn Ruiz; Cristina Recalde; Jaime Cadena; Raúl Mejía; Marcos Paredes; Juan Bazo; Carmen Reyes; Gualberto Carrasco; Yaruska Castellón; Claudia Villarroel; Juan Quintana; Avel Urdaneta

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions from Central America, South America...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Venezuela (46.2), Chile (19.9), Columbia (18.5), Trinidad and Tobago (13.6), and Peru (11.1). This is a region of great diversity. Liquid fuels account for 60.8% of the 2008...

302

RPT_PERIOD","R_S_NAME","LINE_NUM","PROD_CODE","PROD_NAME","PORT...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

RICO",6,940,"VENEZUELA",80,0,0,,,,," " 41060,"ATLANTIC TRADING MARKETING ",16,025,"Crude Oil",3901,"CHICAGO, IL","ILLINOIS",2,260,"CANADA",54,3.15,21.8,"BP PRODUCTS NORTH AMERICA...

303

China's Global Oil Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21, 2008. Ying, Wang. “ China, Venezuela firms to co-developoilfields. ” China Daily (27 August 2005) http://David and Bi Jianhai. “China’s Global Hunt for Energy. ”

Thomas, Bryan G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of an intermediate crude oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the past few years, research has been conducted at Texas A&M University on steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela,… (more)

Tinss, Judicael Christopher

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Word Pro - Untitled1  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 0 10 20 30 40 Million Short Tons Indonesia 10% Canada 9% Total 13.1 million short tons Canada 13% Colombia 73% Venezuela 6%...

306

Determining the refractivity earth's surface distribution using data from a satellite control station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper gives the analysis of one experimental scheme implemented in Venezuela using the first TTC Satellite Station to get indirectly the distribution of the refractivity in the earth's surface. Keywords: radiolink, refractivity, satellite

Francisco Varela; Su Don Ling

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Advanced Processing of Metals and Materials Volume 7: Industrial ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Setup Model for the Roughing Mill of Hot Rolling in Sidor, C.A. Venezuela ( Abstract Only) [p. 559] J. Lara, L. Lozano, and O. Prado. Desulfurization in the Ladle ...

308

San Eusebio Image #1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SES-1: General overview of the San Eusebio tropical montane forest study area, Venezuela. (Photograph taken 1973-74 by Dr. H.W. Fassbender, Fachhochschule HildesheimHolzminden,...

309

Wild Geese and Ducks Fly North  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in 1940. Some have been killed in northern or western Canada; some as far south as Venezuela and Columbia in South America; some in California; and many on the Atlantic Coast....

310

Die Bergmannsche Regel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

76,9 ,, in Venezuela . . . . . . . . . 8 ° .... 75,2 ,, m Britisch Guiana ...... 6 ° ,, ,,. 76,o ,, m Unter-Amazonas ...... o°. 78,9 ,, lm sfid6stL Brasilien ..... 24 ° s. ,,. 80, 5 ,, m ...

311

Fact Sheet on SPR Fill  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

except for deferrals of deliveries directed because of an oil workers strike in Venezuela, December 2002-April 2003; and a series of small loans to refiners which lost their...

312

Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Italy 4 Chile, India, Poland, Portugal 2 Japan, Venezuela 151.889 10,566 min 11,323 max Poland Portugal Spain ThailandNew Zealand New Zealand Poland Poland Poland GDP per cap.

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Is the environmental Kuznets curve an empirical regularity?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Zealand -1.50*** T*** T*** Poland T*** Spain T*** T**Chile, India, Israel, Poland, Yugoslavia, Canada Japan,China, Chile, Ireland, Poland, H.K. , Thailand, Venezuela

Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Resource Limits and Conversion Efficiency with Implications for Climate Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has large, undeveloped oil reserves is offshore California.of the known offshore oil reserves of the state. These wereVenezuela has huge heavy oil reserves. It is not currently a

Croft, Gregory Donald

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Unmarried cohabitation among deprived families in Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% 80% 90% 100% Chile Uruguay Mexico Costa Rica Argentina Bolivia Paraguay Brazil Ecuador Guatemala Belize Cuba Peru Venezuela Nicaragua El Salvador Colombia Panama Honduras Dominican Republic Unmarried Cohabitation Marriage Data sources: For all... of all unions. This group is formed by Venezuela, Peru, Cuba, Belize, Guatemala. Finally, the countries where unmarried cohabitation represents no more than one third of total unions are geographically located in the outer circle.2 Thus, the countries...

Ramm Santelices, Alejandra Margarita

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

316

Gene flow and the genealogical history of Heliconius heurippa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that H. heurippa is a distinct species and not simply a geographic race of H. cydno; H. heurippa is considerably more differentiated than any other geo- graphic populations of H. melpomene or H. cydno sampled in Panama, Colombia and Venezuela [26... ). It seems likely that there is a hybrid zone between these species somewhere in the Andes between Villavicencio (Colombia) and San Cristobal (Venezuela; Linares Pers. Obs.), which would explain the observed levels of gene flow. Allele networks for nuclear...

Salazar, Camilo; Jiggins, Chris D; Taylor, Jesse E; Kronforst, Marcus R; Linares, Mauricio

2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

317

A Non Parametric Study of the Volatility of the Economy as a Country Risk Predictor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper intends to explain Venezuela's country spread behavior through the Neural Networks analysis of a monthly economic activity general index of economic indicators constructed by the Central Bank of Venezuela, a measure of the shocks affecting country risk of emerging markets and the U.S. short term interest rate. The use of non parametric methods allowed the finding of non linear relationship between these inputs and the country risk. The networks performance was evaluated using the method of excess predictability.

Costanzo, Sabatino; Dominguez, Ramses; Moreno, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Integrated Approaches to the Development of Climate Friendly Economies in Central Asia Agency/Company /Organization German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) Partner Central Asian Regional Environmental Center (CAREC) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Food Supply, Industry, People and Policy Topics - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://www.diw-econ.de/en/exam Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia

319

USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID-Central Asian Republics Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia References USAID Climate Activities [1] "USAID activities in the Central Asian Republics have assisted countries in developing extensive greenhouse gas mitigation and energy efficiency projects. Primarily through training and technical assistance, USAID continues to support the region in these endeavors and is helping them move

320

Microsoft PowerPoint - factoids  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

tennis ball size quantity tennis ball size quantity of nuclear fuel commonly used in commercial nuclear plants can power the average daily needs in the U.S. of 200,000 homes. It would take 31 boxcars of coal, at 100 tons per boxcar, to generate the same 250 MWe of power. Reducing the threat of nuclear weapon proliferation Argonne's Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR) program, initiated in 1978, has long utilized our nuclear expertise to convert research & test reactors using high-enriched uranium (HEU) to low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel - a material that cannot be diverted for direct use in nuclear weapons. 63 reactors in 32 countries from Argentina to Uzbekistan have been converted; 66 additional reactors are prime candidates. RERTR is a key element of the nation's efforts to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Results of transient /accident analysis for the HEU, first mixed HEU-LEU and for the first full LEU cores of the WWR-SM reactor at INP AS RUZ  

SciTech Connect

The WWR-SM reactor in Uzbekistan is preparing for the conversion from HEU (36%) fuel to LEU (19.8%) fuel. During this conversion, the HEU fuel assemblies (IRT-3M FA) being discharged at the end of each cycle will be replaced by LEU fuel assemblies (IRT-4M FA); this gradual conversion requires 9 cycles. The safety analysis report for this conversion process has been prepared. This paper presents selected results for postulated transient/accidents during this conversion process; results for transient analysis for the HEU core, the 1st mixed (HEU-LEU) core, and for the first full LEU core are presented for the following initiators: control rod motion (2 cases), loss of power, and FA blockage. These results show that safety is maintained for all transients analyzed and that the behavior of all the analyzed cores is essentially the same. (author)

Baytelesov, S.A.; Dosimbaev, A.A.; Kungurov, F.R.; Salikhbaev, U.S. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Ulugbek, 100214 Tashkent (Uzbekistan)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

322

Recent hydrocarbon developments in Latin America: Key issues in the downstream oil sector  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the following: (1) An overview of major issues in the downstream oil sector, including oil demand and product export availability, the changing product consumption pattern, and refineries being due for major investment; (2) Recent upstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela; (3) Recent downstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Cuba, and Venezuela; (4) Pipelines in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico; and (5) Regional energy balance. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

Wu, K.; Pezeshki, S.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Curriculum Vita Michael "Bodhi" Rogers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Netherlands Canada 9 Rep. of Korea Nigeria Colombia France Angola 10 UK Sudan Azerbaijan UK Iraq 11 Singapore Azerbaijan Malaysia Spain Libya 12 Italy Venezuela Brazil Singapore Kazakhstan 13 Australia Norway Belgium Canada Kuwait 14 Malaysia Iran Trinidad and Tobago Thailand Azerbaijan 15 Spain Algeria France Belgium

Rogers, Michael

324

Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 01 au 07 octobre 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

businesses get their start. A new school of thought in China (By Austin Ramzy) : Science and engineering aren Graham Snowdon) : Can Spain survive austerity; Chávez faces Venezuela's voters; when the drugs don't work. International news Mooncakes, China's traditional festive gift, are getting a makeover (by Tania Branigan

Rennes, Université de

325

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

7 Iran; 1,880; 8 Angola; 1,778; 9 Venezuela; 1,712; 10 Norway; 1,684; 11 Canada; 1,570; 12 Algeria; 1,547; 13 Qatar; 1,389; 14 Kazakhstan; 1,355; 15 Libya; 1,313 ...

326

PNNL-SA-59630 Energy Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

facilities, hydro dams, oil refineries, natural gas storage Potential for conflict over access to remaining currently import from the Middle East and Venezuela combined. Put 1 million Plug-In Hybrid cars -- cars that can get up to 150 miles per gallon -- on the road by 2015, cars that we will work to make sure

327

Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. 1997. 29:6590 Copyright c 1997 by Annual Reviews Inc. All rights reserved  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Li (1994) of Exxon produced a concentrated water-in-oil emulsion with 7 to 11 times more water than, a coal substitute fuel of 70% oil-in-water produced in Venezuela and marketed by Bitor, can. In the sixth year of operation the fresh water was replaced with water produced at the well site which

Renardy, Yuriko

328

This article has been accepted for inclusion in a future issue of this journal. Content is final as presented, with the exception of pagination. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--I: REGULAR PAPERS 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to how oil consumption (or at least the growth in consumption) can be reduced and why and how energy.S. foreign policy and U.S. national security. Major energy suppliers--from Russia to Iran to Venezuela Consumption by Source, 2005 Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Annual Energy Review 2005. 40 23

Serdijn, Wouter A.

329

Wireless Network Performance for Residential Demand-Side Participation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and opportunities · Unintended consequences · Alternative approaches · Bottom line Energy Consumption in the United States Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov #12;2 Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov Energy Consumption by Sector of $250 B The Perfect Storm · September 11, 2001 · Terrorism, Iraq, Afghanistan · Iran, Venezuela, Nigeria

330

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

5 Canada; 3,869; 6 Iran; 3,538; 7 United Arab Emirates; 3,213; 8 Iraq; 2,987; 9 Mexico; 2,936; 10 Kuwait; 2,797; 11 Brazil; 2,652; 12 Nigeria; 2,524; 13 Venezuela ...

331

47 Natural Gas Market Trends NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Venezuela and Petrozuata (Conoco-Philips/PDVSA joint venture); Ecopetrol­ Colombia; PEMEX, Mexico ­ Colombia, Pipeline System 4 for PEMEX ­ Mexico. Have experience and background of oil/gas fields. Consulting and on-the-job solutions for Corrosion, Paraffin and Asphaltene Control of Pemex, Mexico; YPF

332

A succession of continental red beds in the Paleogene Carroza Formation, north-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Venezuela and Petrozuata (Conoco-Philips/PDVSA joint venture); Ecopetrol­ Colombia; PEMEX, Mexico ­ Colombia, Pipeline System 4 for PEMEX ­ Mexico. Have experience and background of oil/gas fields. Consulting and on-the-job solutions for Corrosion, Paraffin and Asphaltene Control of Pemex, Mexico; YPF

Ahmad, Sajjad

333

Model for estimating Venezuelan population with working age using artificial neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work presents the development of an Artificial Neural Networks model for estimating the female and male population with working age in Venezuela. For the creation of the model it is used the previous year values related to the employed, unemployed ... Keywords: artificial neural networks, labor force, regression analysis

Samaria Muñoz-Bravo; Anna Pérez-Méndez; Francklin Rivas-Echeverría

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Slide 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mexico Russia Thailand Indonesia Venezuela Japan Italy Australia France Germany South Korea Taiwan 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Oil consumption per...

336

El segundo proceso de reformasEl segundo proceso de reformas en Amen Amrica Latinarica Latina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Santos 22,8 TCF Argentina 0,7 TCM (25,8 TCF) Important load Natural gas reserve Hydro reserve Argentina 44,50 GW Source:: OLADE #12;Reservas gas natural Venezuela 4,1 TCM (147 TCF) TCM: Trillions Cubic ahuyentan inversionistas Dependencia de abastecimiento de gas Exportaciones gas natural de Argentina a Chile

Rudnick, Hugh

337

The Amplification of the ENSO Forcing over Equatorial Amazon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The remote influence of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) strongly manifests over the equatorial Amazon (EA)—including parts of southern Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, and Suriname—when there is a large-scale anomalous upper-level ...

Vasubandhu Misra

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Recycling Trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...countries with low energy costs, such as Canada, Venezuela, Brazil, and Australia Recycling will increase in importance. For the United States, and ultimately for the rest of the aluminum-consuming world, recycling and resource recovery will play an increasingly important strategic role in ensuring a...

339

U.S. Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Venezuela: 77,504: 54,610: 40,571: 27,600: 30,150: 16,619: 1993-2012: Non OPEC* 1,038,505: 948,720: 823,817: 812,593: 810,872: 683,666: 1993-2012: Albania : 2005-2005 ...

340

Interview with Stephen Hugh-Jones Part 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to King's I worked on the Victoria line which was being built to save for a trip to South America; with help from parents went to Venezuela by boat; found it extraordinarily expensive; on the boat had met an English school teacher and his wife who were...

Hugh-Jones, Stephen

2007-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A question of visibility: a rights-based look at ICT centers for persons with disabilities in Latin America  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we examine the deployment of a group of technology centers serving people with disabilities in five Latin American countries: Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, and Venezuela. We explore the impacts of such training courses on the employability, ... Keywords: ICTD, Latin America, disability, visibility

Michele Frix; Joyojeet Pal

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Modeling Foamy Oil Flow in Porous Media D.D. Joseph, A.M. Kamp, R. Bai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modeling Foamy Oil Flow in Porous Media D.D. Joseph½, A.M. Kamp¾, R. Bai½ ½Univ. of Minnesota, Dept, PO Box 76343, Caracas 1070-A, Venezuela October 2001 Abstract Certain heavy oils which foam under so- lution gas drive. These oils not only stabilize foam, but also stabilize dis- persion of gas

Joseph, Daniel D.

343

Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S currently imports from the Middle East and Venezuela combined within 10 years · Enhance Nuclear Security security, and environmental challenges concurrently. Energy Security Economic · Deploy the cheapest.S. DOE #12;President's National Objectives for DOE-- Energy to Secure America's Future · Quickly

344

CILAS Newsletter Spring/Summer 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Luis Téllez, Mexico’s secretary of energy; Adrian Lajous,Mexico’s state oil company; Luis Giusti, president of Pdvsa; Alfredo Mirkin, Argentina’s secretary of energy; andenergy-project success stories in the Southern Cone and offered participants detailed, country-by-country briefings on Brazil, Venezuela, Mexico,

Center for Iberian and Latin American Studies

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Results of the ROTOR-program. II. The long-term photometric variability of weak-line T Tauri stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T Tauri stars exhibit variability on all timescales, whose origin is still debated. On WTTS the variability is fairly simple and attributed to long-lived, ubiquitous cool spots. We investigate the long term variability of WTTS, extending up to 20 years in some cases, characterize it statistically and discuss its implications for our understanding of these stars. We have obtained a unique, homogeneous database of photometric measurements for WTTS extending up to 20 years. It contains more than 9 000 UBV R observations of 48 WTTS. All the data were collected at Mount Maidanak Observatory (Uzbekistan) and they constitute the longest homogeneous record of accurate WTTS photometry ever assembled. Definitive rotation periods for 35 of the 48 stars are obtained. Phased light curves over 5 to 20 seasons are now available for analysis. Light curve shapes, amplitudes and colour variations are obtained for this sample and various behaviors exhibited, discussed and interpreted. Our main conclusion is that most WTTS have very stable long term variability with relatively small changes of amplitude or mean light level. The long term variability seen reflects modulation in the cold spot distributions. Photometric periods are stable over many years, and the phase of minimum light can be stable as well for several years. On the long term, spot properties do change in subtle ways, leading to secular variations in the shape and amplitudes of the light curves.

K. N. Grankin; J. Bouvier; W. Herbst; S. Yu. Melnikov

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

346

Results of the ROTOR-program. I. The long-term photometric variability of classical T Tauri stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a unique, homogeneous database of photometric measurements for Classical T Tauri stars extending up to 20 years. The database contains more than 21,000 UBVR observations of 72 CTTs. All the data were collected within the framework of the ROTOR-program at Mount Maidanak Observatory (Uzbekistan) and together they constitute the longest homogeneous, accurate record of TTS variability ever assembled. We characterize the long term photometric variations of 49 CTTs with sufficient data to allow a robust statistical analysis and propose an empirical classification scheme. Several patterns of long term photometric variability are identified. The most common pattern, exhibited by a group of 15 stars which includes T Tau itself, consists of low level variability (Delta(V)<=0.4mag) with no significant changes occurring from season to season over many years. A related subgroup of 22 stars exhibits a similar stable long term variability pattern, though with larger amplitudes (up to Delta(V)~1.6 mag). Besides these representative groups, we identify three smaller groups of 3-5 stars each which have distinctive photometric properties. The long term variability of most CTTs is fairly stable and merely reflects shorter term variability due to cold and hot surface spots. Only a small fraction of CTTs undergo significant brightness changes on the long term (months, years), which probably arise from slowly varying circumstellar extinction.

K. N. Grankin; S. Yu. Melnikov; J. Bouvier; W. Herbst; V. S. Shevchenko

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

New automated inventory/material accounting system (AIMAS) version for former Soviet Union countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AIMAS (Automated Inventory/Material Accounting System) is a PC-based application for site-level nuclear material accountancy that was originally developed in the late 90's as a part of the U.S Department of Energy Assistance Program to Ukraine. Designed to be flexible and secure, plus place minimal demands on computing infrastructure, it was originally developed to run in early Windows operating system (OS) environments like W98 and W3.1. The development, support, and maintenance of AIMAS were transferred to Ukraine in 2002. Because it is highly flexible and can be configured to meet diverse end-user's needs, the software has been used at several facilities in Ukraine. Incorporating added functionality is planned to support nuclear installations in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, as well. An improved 32-bit version of AIMAS has recently been developed to operate effectively on modern PCs running the latest Windows OS by AVIS, the Ukrainian developer. In the paper we discuss the status of AIMAS, plans for new functions, and describe the strategy for addressing a sustainable software life-cycle while meeting user requirements in multiple FSU countries.

Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewing, Tom [ANL; Sakunov, Igor [AVIS CORP., KIEV, UKRAINE; Drapey, Sergey [GEORGE KUZMYCZ TRAINING; Nations, Jim [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Detecting and monitoring UCG subsidence with InSAR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) to measure surface subsidence caused by Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is tested. InSAR is a remote sensing technique that uses Synthetic Aperture Radar images to make spatial images of surface deformation and may be deployed from satellite or an airplane. With current commercial satellite data, the technique works best in areas with little vegetation or farming activity. UCG subsidence is generally caused by roof collapse, which adversely affects UCG operations due to gas loss and is therefore important to monitor. Previous studies have demonstrated the usefulness of InSAR in measuring surface subsidence related to coal mining and surface deformation caused by a coal mining roof collapse in Crandall Canyon, Utah is imaged as a proof-of-concept. InSAR data is collected and processed over three known UCG operations including two pilot plants (Majuba, South Africa and Wulanchabu, China) and an operational plant (Angren, Uzbekistan). A clear f eature showing approximately 7 cm of subsidence is observed in the UCG field in Angren. Subsidence is not observed in the other two areas, which produce from deeper coal seams and processed a smaller volume. The results show that in some cases, InSAR is a useful tool to image UCG related subsidence. Data from newer satellites and improved algorithms will improve effectiveness.

Mellors, R J; Foxall, W; Yang, X

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

349

Short Term Energy Outlook, February 2003  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. World oil markets will likely remain tight through most of 2003, as petroleum inventories and global spare production capacity continue to dwindle amid blasts of cold weather and constrained output from Venezuela. OPEC efforts to increase output to make up for lower Venezuela output has reduced global spare production capacity to only 2 million barrels per day, leaving little room to make up for unexpected supply or demand surprises. Meanwhile, the average West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price increased by $3.50 to $33 per barrel from December to January (Figure 1). For the year 2003, WTI oil prices are expected to remain over $30 per barrel, even though Venezuelan output appears to be moving toward normal sooner than expected. Also,

350

I  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

IV. Northern South America EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment IV. Northern South America EIA/ARI World Shale Gas and Shale Oil Resource Assessment May 17, 2013 IV-1 IV. NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA SUMMARY Northern South America has prospective shale gas and shale oil potential within marine- deposited Cretaceous shale formations in three main basins: the Middle Magdalena Valley and Llanos basins of Colombia, and the Maracaibo/Catatumbo basins of Venezuela and Colombia, Figure IV-1. The organic-rich Cretaceous shales (La Luna, Capacho, and Gacheta) sourced much of the conventional gas and oil produced in Colombia and western Venezuela, and are similar in age to the Eagle Ford and Niobrara shale plays in the USA. Ecopetrol, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil, Shell, and others have initiated shale exploration in Colombia.

351

Entelin | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Entelin Entelin Jump to: navigation, search Name Entelin Place Caracas, Venezuela Sector Solar Product Venezuela-based PV solar module installer. Coordinates 10.49605°, -66.898277° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10.49605,"lon":-66.898277,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

352

Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss EIA Home > Petroleum > Petroleum Feature Articles Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss Printer-Friendly PDF Impacts of the Venezuelan Crude Oil Production Loss By Joanne Shore and John Hackworth1 Introduction The loss of almost 3 million barrels per day of crude oil production in Venezuela following a strike in December 2002 resulted in an increase in the world price of crude oil. However, in the short term, the volume loss probably affected the United States more than most other areas. This country receives more than half of Venezuela's crude and product exports, and replacing the lost volumes proved difficult. U.S. imports of Venezuelan crude oil dropped significantly in December 2002 relative to other years

353

Gateway:América Latina | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Latina Latina Jump to: navigation, search Banner vertical.jpg Energías Renovables Energia_solar Solar Eolica Eólica Geotermica Geotérmica Hidráulica Hidráulica Biomasa Biomasa Marina Marina Centros Latinoamericanos Desarrollo de Proyectos Marco Regulatorio Países Latinoamericanos Argentina Argentina Bolivia Bolivia Brazil Brazil Chile Chile Colombia Colombia Costa Rica Costa Rica Cuba Cuba Ecuador Ecuador El Salvador El Salvador Guatemala Guatemala Haiti Haiti Honduras Honduras Mexico Mexico Nicaragua Nicaragua Panama Panama Paraguay Paraguay Peru Peru Republica Dominicana Dominican Republic Uruguay Uruguay Venezuela Venezuela Otros sitios de interés Reegle, el motor de búsqueda de energías renovables y eficiencia energética Power Technologies Energy Data Book Asociación Latinoaméricana de Energía Eólica

354

Specific  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Specific Specific energy for pulsed laser rock drilling Z. Xu, a) C. B. Reed, and G. Konercki Technology Development Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60540 R. A. Parker b) Parker Geoscience Consulting, LLC, Arvada, Colorado 80403 B. C. Gahan Gas Technology Institute, Des Plains, Illinois 60018 S. Batarseh c) and R. M. Graves Department of Petroleum Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 H. Figueroa Petroleos de Venezuela INTEVEP, S.A., Caracas 1070A, Venezuela N. Skinner Halliburton Energy Service, Carrollton, Texas 75006 ͑Received 20 December 2001; accepted for publication 19 August 2002͒ Application of advanced high power laser technology to oil and gas well drilling has been attracting significant research interests recently among research institutes, petroleum industries, and universities. Potential laser or laser-aided

355

New type gas-injection plant readied  

SciTech Connect

A unique gas-injection plant is about to go on stream in Venezuela's Lake Maracaibo. The $10-million installation, designed for unattended operation, is a joint venture of Phillips Petroleum Co., as operator for itself, and Cia. Shell de Venezuela. The plant, housed on a 120 by 130-ft platform, will be the first in the world to use gas turbines to drive reciprocating compressors. The 130 MMscfd facility will use 2 General Electric 15,000-hp gas turbines with gear reducers to drive a pair of 4-stage Cooper- Bessemer LM-8 compressors. No previous attempt has ever been made to drive this type of unit by gas turbines. Phillips says the gas turbines were selected because of inherent flexibility reliability as prime movers, and lack of vibration--an important advantage in offshore gas plants.

Franco, A.

1967-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

356

First joint SPE/DOE symposium on enhanced oil recovery, proceedings supplement  

SciTech Connect

The First Joint Symposium on Enhanced Oil Recovery sponsored by the Society of Petroleum Engineers and the US Department of Energy was held in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Besides the thirty-three technical papers which covered all phases of enhanced oil recovery and were published in the Proceedings, the Symposium included a session on Enhanced Oil Recovery Incentives where ten papers were presented which discussed the status of enhanced oil recovery technology, and included papers on incentive programs of the United States, Canada and Venezuela. These papers are published in this Proceedings Supplement under the following titles: Federal Government Role in enhanced Oil Recovery; Financial Realities of an Adequate Petroleum Supply; Major Technology Constraints in Enhanced Oil Recovery; Decontrol-Opportunities and Dangers; Status of EOR Technology; Impact of Federal Incentives on US Production; Canadian Incentives Program; and Heavy Oil Incentives in Venezuela.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A Neural Networks Model of the Venezuelan Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Besides an indicator of the GDP, the Central Bank of Venezuela generates the so called Monthly Economic Activity General Indicator. The a priori knowledge of this indicator, which represents and sometimes even anticipates the economy's fluctuations, could be helpful in developing public policies and in investment decision making. The purpose of this study is forecasting the IGAEM through non parametric methods, an approach that has proven effective in a wide variety of problems in economics and finance.

Costanzo, Sabatino; Jimenez, Luis; Gonzalez, Juan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery - EOR thermal processes  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Eighth Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Remediation of former uranium mining and milling activities in Central Asia  

SciTech Connect

Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Several of the Central Asian countries of the former Soviet Union were involved in the uranium mining and milling industry from about 1945 for varying periods until the break up of the Soviet Union in 1991 and beyond. Some facilities are still producing in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. However, before the break up, many facilities had been abandoned and in only a few cases had any remediation been undertaken. Since 1991 the newly independent states of the region have been seeking assistance for the remediation of the multitude of tailings piles, waste rock stockpiles and abandoned, and often semi dismantled, production facilities that may be found throughout the region. Many of these sites are close to settlements that were established as service towns for the mines. Most towns still have populations, although the mining industry has departed. In some instances there are cases of pollution and contamination and in many locations there is a significant level of public concern. The IAEA has been undertaking a number of Technical Cooperation (TC) projects throughout the region for some time to strengthen the institutions in the relevant states and assist them to establish monitoring and surveillance programs as an integral part of the long term remediation process. The IAEA is liaising with other agencies and donors who are also working on these problems to optimise the remediation effort. The paper describes the objectives and operation of the main TC regional program, liaison efforts with other agencies, the achievements so far and the long term issues for remediation of these legacies of the 'cold war' era. (authors)

Waggitt, Peter [International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA, Wagramer Strasse 5, P.O. Box 100 - 1400 Vienna (Austria)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Opportunities for renewable energy sources in Central Asia countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents an overview of the state of conventional energy sources and the potential for development of renewable energy sources in the Central Asia countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. The region has a population of about 50 million in an area of more than four million square kilometers. The per capita gross internal product is more than $2,500, although the economy has been declining the past five years. The area has substantial coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas reserves, although they are not distributed equally among the five countries. Energy production is such that the countries do not have to rely heavily on imports. One of the problems in Central Asia is that the energy prices are substantially below the world prices. This is a factor in development of renewable energy sources. The primary renewable energy resources available are wind in Kazakhstan, solar in the entire region, biomass in Kyrgyzstan, and micro-hydropower stations in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. All of these have the potential to provide a significant amount of the required energy for the region. However, all of the countries have an abundance of various renewable energy resources. To effectively use these resources, however, a number of barriers to their development and commercialization must be overcome. These include low prices of conventional energy sources, absence of legislative support, lack of financing for new technologies, and lack of awareness of renewable energy sources by the population. A number of specific actions are proposed to overcome these barriers. These include establishment of a Central Asia coordinating council for renewable energy, development of a regional renewable energy program, and setting up a number of large demonstration projects. 16 figs.

Obozov, A.J. [Project KUN (Kyrgyzstan); Loscutoff, W.V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

U.S. Energy Information Administration / 2012 Uranium Marketing Annual Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Uranium Marketing Annual Report Uranium Marketing Annual Report Purchases Weighted- Average Price Purchases Weighted- Average Price Purchases Weighted- Average Price Purchases Weighted- Average Price Purchases Weighted- Average Price Australia 12,758 41.59 11,164 52.25 7,112 51.35 6,001 57.47 6,724 51.17 Brazil W W W W W W W W W W Canada 9,791 48.72 8,975 42.25 10,238 50.35 10,832 56.08 13,584 56.75 China 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- W W W W Czech Republic W W W W W W 0 -- 0 -- Germany 0 -- 0 -- W W 0 -- 0 -- Hungary 0 -- 0 -- W W 0 -- 0 -- Kazakhstan 3,818 60.61 4,985 43.41 6,830 47.81 9,728 53.71 6,234 51.69 Malawi 0 -- 0 -- W W 780 65.44 W W Namibia 3,880 54.79 5,732 47.30 4,913 47.90 6,199 56.74 5,986 54.56 Niger W W 2,001 47.55 587 49.00 1,744 54.38 2,133 50.45 Russia 12,080 27.64 7,938 37.98 10,544 50.28 10,199 56.57 7,643 54.40 South Africa 783 27.50 W W W W 1,524 53.62 1,243 56.45 Ukraine 0 -- 0 -- W W W W W W United Kingdom W W 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- Uzbekistan

362

Oilfields of the World. Third edition  

SciTech Connect

This third edition (updated to 1984) covers all of the world's major producing areas (both onshore and offshore) on six continents. It offers essential geologic, reserves, and production data on 13 nations that have become commercial oil producers in the last five years: Benin, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Zaire, Greece, The Phillippines, Sharjah, Thailand, Guatemala, and Surinam. Numerous maps display the geologic details of each area. This book also contains full-color maps of the oil and gas fields of the North Sea, Persian Gulf, Mexico, Venezuela, and Brazil.

Tiratsoo, E.N.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

SciTech Connect

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) aims at the detection of high energy photons from Gamma Ray Bursts (GRB) using the single particle technique (SPT) in ground based water Cherenkov detectors (WCD). To reach a reasonable sensitivity, high altitude mountain sites have been selected in Mexico (Sierra Negra, 4550 m a.s.l.), Bolivia (Chacaltaya, 5300 m a.s.l.) and Venezuela (Merida, 4765 m a.s.l.). We report on the project progresses and the first operation at high altitude, search for bursts in 6 months of preliminary data, as well as search for signal at ground level when satellites report a burst.

Bertou, Xavier [Centro Atomico Bariloche (Argentina)

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

364

The Venezuelan natural gas industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Venezuela's consumption energy of comes from three primary sources: hydroelectricity, liquid hydrocarbons and natural gas. In 1986, the energy consumption in the internal market was 95.5 thousand cubic meters per day of oil equivalent, of which 32% was natural gas, 46% liquid hydrocarbons and 22% hydroelectricity. The Venezuelan energy policy established natural gas usage after hydroelectricity, as a substitute of liquid hydrocarbons, in order to increase exports of these. This policy permits a solid development of the natural gas industry, which is covered in this paper.

Silva, P.V.; Hernandez, N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Loyalty for Sale? Military Spending and Coups d'Etat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the best suited for our purposes. The data on military spending and on the size of the military comes from the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, which is widely regarded as one of the most complete sources of historical military spending data... . Nordlinger (1977) claims that this is exactly what happened in Venezuela, where generous military allowances funded by oil revenue allowed Romulo Betancourt to avoid a coup "despite the adoption of expensive agrarian reforms and development programs" (p.70...

Leon, Gabriel

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

366

The Separation of powers in the WTO: how to avoid judicial activism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Nuclear Weapons, when it stated that: [I]n view of the current state of international law, and of the elements at its The Separation of Powers in the WTO 873 Ecuador, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Switzerland, Uruguay and Venezuela... definitively whether the threat or use of nuclear weapons would be lawful or unlawful in an extreme circumstance of self-defence, in which the very survival of a State would be at stake.68 There are a number of justifications for a prohibition on declarations...

Bartels, Lorand

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

367

OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

368

Annual Report for the Year 2004-2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(resources on Australia and New Zealand in the UK ) and Access Canada , the UK gateway to information on Canada. The Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation made a further grant of $ 25 , 000 towards the photograph project, and support for this was also received... with the purchase of maps at scales ranging from 6 A grotesque playing the trumpet, from the Hours of Alice de Reyden ( c.1320- 1323) in The Cambridge Illuminations exhibition. 1 : 500 , 000 to 1 : 25 , 000 of the Czech Republic , Italy, Brazil, Venezuela...

Cambridge University Library

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) is aiming at the detection of the high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) in high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). WCD at high altitude offer a unique possibility of detecting low gamma fluxes in the 10 GeV - 1 TeV range. The status of the Observatory and data collected from 2007 to date will be presented.

Allard, D; Asorey, H; Barros, H; Bertou, X; Castillo, M; Chirinos, J M; De Castro, A; Flores, S; González, J; Berisso, M Gomez; Grajales, J; Guada, C; Day, W R Guevara; Ishitsuka, J; López, J A; Martínez, O; Melfo, A; Meza, E; Loza, P Miranda; Barbosa, E Moreno; Murrugarra, C; Núñez, L A; Ormachea, L J Otiniano; Pérez, G; Perez, Y; Ponce, E; Quispe, J; Quintero, C; Rivera, H; Rosales, M; Rovero, A C; Saavedra, O; Salazar, H; Tello, J C; Peralda, R Ticona; Varela, E; Velarde, A; Villaseñor, L; Wahl, D; Zamalloa, M A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The RERTR Program : a status report.  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the progress achieved by the Reduced Enrichment for Research and Test Reactors (RERTR) Program in collaboration with its many international partners since its inception in 1978. A brief summary of the results that the program had attained by the end of 1997 is followed by a detailed review of the major events, findings, and activities that took place in 1998. The past year was characterized by exceptionally important accomplishments and events for the RERTR program. Four additional shipments of spent fuel from foreign research reactors were accepted by the U.S. Altogether, 2,231 spent fuel assemblies from foreign research reactors have been received by the U.S. under the acceptance policy. Fuel development activities began to yield solid results. Irradiations of the first two batches of microplates were completed. Preliminary postirradiation examinations of these microplates indicate excellent irradiation behavior of some of the fuel materials that were tested. These materials hold the promise of achieving the pro am goal of developing LEU research reactor fuels with uranium density in the 8-9 g /cm{sup 3} range. Progress was made in the Russian RERTR program, which aims to develop and demonstrate the technical means needed to convert Russian-supplied research reactors to LEU fuels. Feasibility studies for converting to LEU fuel four Russian-designed research reactors (IR-8 in Russia, Budapest research reactor in Hungary, MARIA in Poland, and WWR-SM in Uzbekistan) were completed. A new program activity began to study the feasibility of converting three Russian plutonium production reactors to the use of low-enriched U0{sub 2}-Al dispersion fuel, so that they can continue to produce heat and electricity without producing significant amounts of plutonium. The study of an alternative LEU core for the FRM-II design has been extended to address, with favorable results, the transient performance of the core under hypothetical accident conditions. A major milestone was accomplished in the development of a process to produce molybdenum-99 from fission targets utilizing LEU instead of HEU. Targets containing LEU metal foils were irradiated in the RAS-GAS reactor at BATAN, Indonesia, and molybdenum-99 was successfully extracted through the ensuing process. These are exciting times for the program and for all those involved in it, and last year's successes augur well for the future. However, as in the past, the success of the RERTR program will depend on the international friendship and cooperation that have always been its trademark.

Travelli, A.

1998-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

371

Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Latin American Political Trends and their Impact on the Future of U.S.-Latin American Relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent political trends in Latin America have led to the election of a number of leftist presidents throughout the region. Some, such as Venezuela's Hugo Chavez and Ecuador's Rafael Correa, profess goals centered to varying degrees in socialism and independence from United States influence. Historically speaking, the United States has never been hesitant to aggressively ensure that Latin American political developments are favorable to US interests. This thesis seeks to predict how US foreign policy toward Latin America will likely change within the next decade or so in response to the region's political developments. To do so, the nature and background of those developments must be understood; Ecuador and Venezuela are utilized as in-depth case studies for this purpose, and illustrate the heterogeneity within Latin America?s move to the left. Bueno de Mesquita?s predictive model is then used to examine the interaction between each of the case studies and the US on two specific issues: the growth of Iranian influence in Latin America and the future of the Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA).

Davis, Andrew Milton

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery for thermal processes  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Ninth Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 6 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 62 through 67. The first, second, third, fourth fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth reports on Annex IV, [Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, and IV-8 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, DOE/BC-86/2/SP, DOE/BC-87/2/SP, DOE/BC-90/1/SP, DOE/BC-90/1/SP) (DOE/BC-92/1/SP, DOE/BC-93/3/SP, and DOE/BC-95/3/SP)] contain the results from the first 61 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1987, November 1988, October 1991, February 1993, and March 1995 respectively.

Reid, T.B.; Bolivar, J.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery: EOR thermal processes. Seventh Amendment and Extension to Annex 4, Enhanced oil recovery thermal processes  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Seventh Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 6 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 50 through 55. The first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh reports on Annex IV, Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5 and IV-6 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, DOE/BC-86/2/SP, DOE/BC-87/2/SP, DOE/BC-89/l/SP, DOE/BC-90/l/SP, and DOE/BC-92/l/SP) contain the results for the first 49 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1987, November 1988, December 1989, and October 1991, respectively. Each task report has been processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Reid, T.B. [USDOE Bartlesville Project Office, OK (United States); Colonomos, P. [INTEVEP, Filial de Petroleos de Venezuela, SA, Caracas (Venezuela)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Supporting Technology for Enhanced Oil Recovery-EOR Thermal Processes Report IV-12  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Ninth Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 6 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 62 through 67. The first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eight, and ninth reports on Annex IV, [Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5, IV-6, IV-7, and IV-8 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, DOE/BC-86/2/SP, DOE/BC-87/2/SP, DOE/BC-89/1/SP, DOE/BC-90/1/SP) DOE/BC-92/1/SP, DOE/BC-93/3/SP, and DOE/BC-95/3/SP] contain the results from the first 61 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1! 987, November 1988, December 1989, October 1991, February 1993, and March 1995 respectively.

Izequeido, Alexandor

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery: EOR thermal processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the results of efforts under the six tasks of the Seventh Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 6 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 50 through 55. The first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh reports on Annex IV, Venezuela MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, IV-3, IV-4, IV-5 and IV-6 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, DOE/BC-86/2/SP, DOE/BC-87/2/SP, DOE/BC-89/l/SP, DOE/BC-90/l/SP, and DOE/BC-92/l/SP) contain the results for the first 49 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, March 1986, July 1987, November 1988, December 1989, and October 1991, respectively. Each task report has been processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Reid, T.B. (USDOE Bartlesville Project Office, OK (United States)); Colonomos, P. (INTEVEP, Filial de Petroleos de Venezuela, SA, Caracas (Venezuela))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Second amendment and extension to Annex IV enhanced oil recovery thermal processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the result of efforts under the several tasks of the Second Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Energy Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the 12 tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 11 and 14 through 24. The first and second reports on Annex IV, Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1 and Report IV-2 (DOE/BETS/SP-83/15 and DOE/BC-84/6/SP), contain the results from the first 14 tasks, with the exception of an INTEVEP Survey for Task II which is included here. Those reports are dated April 1983 and August 1984 and are both entitled, ''EOR Thermal Processes''. Selected papers have been processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Peterson, G.; Munoz, J.D.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Supporting technology for enhanced oil recovery: Third ammendment and extension to Annex IV enhanced oil recovery thermal processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the results of efforts under the seven tasks of the Third Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal Processes of the Venezuela/USA Agreement. The report is presented in sections (for each of the tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of effort under each of the tasks. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 25 through 31. The first, second, and third reports on Annex IV, ((Venezuela-MEM/USA-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, IV-2, and IV-3 (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15, DOE/BC-84/6/SP, and DOE/BC-86/2/SP)) contain the results from the first 24 tasks. Those reports are dated April 1983, August 1984, and March 1986. Selected papers have been processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Peterson, G.; Munoz, J.D.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Geologic setting and gas reserves of the Venezuelan LNG project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four gas fields, Mejillones, Patao, Dragon, and Rio Caribe, were discovered by Lagoven, a subsidiary of Petroleos de Venezuela S.A., during an exploratory campaign during 1978-1982, offshore northeastern Venezuela. Thirteen wells drilled in the four fields discovered 13.9 tcf of gas, including 1.2 tcf of gas and condensate in the Rio Caribe field. In February 1991, Lagoven entered into an agreement with Shell, Exxon, and Mitsubishi to assess the viability of producing and exporting gas from the four offshore gas fields in the form of liquified natural gas. This is the Venezuelan LNG Project, otherwise called the Cristobal Colon Project. As part of the agreement the participants established a Project Team in Caracas and undertook the acquisition of 1600 km[sup 2] of 3D seismic data over the four fields to evaluate the geological model of the area. In addition, interpretation of the 3D data has led to a preliminary geological model for the gas bearing sands which envisages deposition in a regional setting varying from bathyal turbidites in the Rio Caribe and Mejillones fields in the west to shelf deposits over the Patao and Dragon fields in the east. In addition to the geological setting this paper will discuss preliminary results of the reserves evaluation for the Rio Caribe, Patao, and Dragon fields.

Prieto, R.; Van der Molen, I.; Ramirez de Arellano, R. (Lagoven, Caracas (Venezuela))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Microsoft PowerPoint - GuyCaruso oilmarketmar2010.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Despite Excess Spare Capacity, Reduced Demand Despite Excess Spare Capacity, Reduced Demand and Increased OPEC Production volumes, High , g Prices Persist.... 8 160 mmb/d US$/barrel 5 6 7 8 100 120 140 160 2 3 4 5 40 60 80 100 0 1 2 0 20 40 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 www.csis.org | 1 Source: IEA OMR September 2009, EIA Prices Surplus Capacity If the Fundamentals are so Bad, What's Driving Oil Prices to Increase? * Questionable Data ? What is really happening in non- OECD/China? Stocks and Line Fill? Cold Weather? * (Misplaced) Confidence in OPEC Quota Compliance * Bullish Forecasts for the Economic Recovery - A bit Premature or Real Demand Growth? * Fears of Longer Term Capacity Constraints - e.g., Nigeria, I I M i V l l ti i d d ( li t ) Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Venezuela, regulation induced (climate) * Investor moves back to Commodities; since December 1,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sieeEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

382

Slide 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

A New Americas? A New Americas? 2013 EIA Energy Conference Ivan Sandrea Partner, Global Oil and Gas Emerging Markets June 17-18, JW Marriott, Washington DC A New Americas? Page 2 The New Americas (excluding USA, Canada) Points for Discussion Latin America post Chavez? Can Mexico deliver on reforms? Can state NOCs in Brazil, Venezuela and Mexico deliver on mega projects? Can emergent energy trends, such as rising LNG imports, petroleum product demand growth and deteriorating refining sector, be reversed? What is the supply outlook of the region and future industry structure? A New Americas? Page 3 Oil & gas business risks 2013 Global risks are relevant for the New Americas Cost competitiveness Stakeholder confidence Customer reach Operational agility

383

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Agency/Company /Organization: Latin America Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Presentation, Webinar, Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.olade.org/eficiencia/indexEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

384

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

385

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

386

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Hydroelectricity and Other Renewable  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

hydroelectricty.gif (7905 bytes) hydroelectricty.gif (7905 bytes) Renewable energy use is projected to increase by 62 percent between 1996 and 2020. Almost half the increase is expected in the developing world, where large-scale hydroelectric projects still are being undertaken. Low prices for oil and natural gas in world energy markets continued to diminish the potential for rapid development of renewable energy sources worldwide. Oil prices hit 20-year lows in 1998, in part because the Asian economic crisis resulted in lower worldwide demand. Even production cut agreements by some major oil producers, such as Saudi Arabia, Mexico, and Venezuela, failed to provide measurable price recovery during 1998. On the positive side, the Kyoto Climate Change Protocol proposals to cut greenhouse gas emissions levels may provide an opportunity for growth in

387

SAS Output  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Quantity and Average Price of U.S. Coal Imports by Origin, 2007 - 2013" Quantity and Average Price of U.S. Coal Imports by Origin, 2007 - 2013" "(thousand short tons and dollars per short ton)" "Year and Quarter","Australia","Canada","Colombia","Indonesia","China","Venezuela","Other","Total" ,,,,,,,"Countries" 2007,66,1967,26864,3663,50,3425,311,36347 2008,149,2027,26262,3374,45,2312,39,34208 2009,152,1288,17787,2084,9,1297,21,22639 2010,380,1767,14584,1904,53,582,83,19353 2011,62,1680,9500,856,22,779,188,13088 2012 " January - March","-",260,1594,59,7,80,22,2022 " April - June","-",281,1728,49,21,170,80,2329 " July - September","-",297,1762,266,39,"-",51,2415

388

Andean Development Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Andean Development Corporation Andean Development Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name Andean Development Corporation Address Ave. Luis Roche, Torre CAF Place Caracas, Venezuela Year founded 1970 Website http://www.caf.com/view/index. Coordinates 10.491016°, -66.902061° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10.491016,"lon":-66.902061,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

389

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. 9. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 1,726 37 20 0 (s) 41 -3 (s) 296 391 2,116 Algeria ...................................... 0 37 0 0 0 27 0 0 252 316 316 Iraq ........................................... 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36 Kuwait ....................................... 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 252 Qatar ........................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) Saudi Arabia ............................. 1,438 0 20 0 (s) 14 0 (s) 43 78 1,515 United Arab Emirates ............... 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Other OPEC ................................. 1,977 (s) 52 25 14 68 -4 (s) 86 241 2,218 Indonesia .................................. 33 0 0 0 0 3 0 (s) (s) 3 36 Nigeria ...................................... 625 (s) 0 0 0 5 0 (s) 0 5 630 Venezuela

390

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

391

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation, Background analysis Website: www.olade.org/proyectoPlanificacionEnergetica.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

392

Final Report_Production Hydrualic Packer Test.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CENTER CENTER Production Hydraulic Packer Field Test i DOE/RMOTC/020120 PRODUCTION HYDRAULIC PACKER FIELD TEST Field Report for the period of October 21, 1999 - November 01, 1999 Date Published: June 30, 2000 Tricia Schneller, Halliburton Energy Services Jose Salas, RMOTC (PDVSA, Venezuela) PREPARED FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ROCKY MOUNTAIN OILFIELD TESTING CENTER Work Performed Under Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center (RMOTC) CRADA No. 2000-001 PROTECTED CRADA INFORMATION This product contains Protected CRADA Information which was produced on June 30, 2000 under CRADA No. 2000-001 and is not to be further disclosed for a period of 5 years from the date it was produced except as expressly provided for in the CRADA. Distribution E. Further dissemination authorized to the Department of Energy

393

Distillate Stocks Are Important Part of Northeast Winter Supply  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 of 15 1 of 15 Notes: Why do stocks matter in the Northeast? Stocks are normally an important part of PADD 1 winter distillate supply. Over the last 5 years, they provided about 15% of supply during the peak winter months of January and February. One of the biggest stock draws we have seen was in January 1994, when a prolonged severe cold spell required 666 MB/D of stocks, covering almost 36% of demand for that month. PADD 1 refineries meet about 25% of demand during January and February, and other PADDs -- mostly PADD 3 -- supply 45-50% of the region’s needs. Imports generally supply about as much as stocks during the peak months, with most of the product coming from Canada, the Virgin Islands and Venezuela. Percentages do not tell the whole story. Stocks supply close to 300

394

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sielEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

395

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

396

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

397

Short Term Energy Outlook, December 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2002 December 2002 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook December 2002 Overview World Oil Markets: Average crude oil prices fell by about $2.50 per barrel between October and November in response to continued high production levels from OPEC 10 countries (Figure 1). However, by the end of November oil prices had risen to end-October levels as concerns over the situations in Iraq and Venezuela pushed prices up. Oil inventories, which are currently in the lower portion of the previous 5-year range, are poised to rise to more comfortable levels soon if OPEC output continues at or above current levels. OPEC is considering cutbacks from current levels. Heating Fuels Update. As in October, weather was m uch colder than normal in November, boosting

398

Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

Wu, K.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Tandem mass spectrometry for characterization of high-carbon-number geoporphyrins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geoporphyrins are separated into TCL fractions after being isolated from Boscan oil (West Venezuela) by column chromatography. Analysis of each fraction by electron ionization mass spectrometry identified the porphyrin classes present and their carbon number ranges, but the spectra were extremely complex. Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) allowed selection of molecular ions of individual carbon number porphyrins of the DPEP and etio types for fragmentation by collisionally activated dissociation. Comparison of their daughter and neutral loss spectra with those of porphyrin standards provided the first structural information on individual high-carbon-number geoporphyrins (>C/sub 33/). This information is helpful in the study of their geologic evolution and suggests the potential for using MS/MS data on high-carbon-number geoporphyrins as a parameter in oil exploration. Metalated and demetalated porphyrins of the same carbon number produced similar spectra, suggesting that samples may require less treatment for analysis by MS/MS than by conventional MS.

Johnson, J.V.; Britton, E.D.; Yost, R.A.; Quirke, J.M.E.; Cuesta, L.L.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Heavy crudes and bitumen categorized to help assess resources, techniques  

SciTech Connect

As conventional crude oil reserves decrease and prices go up, heavy crude oil (HCO) is getting more attention from oil companies and governments. It was felt that some clarification was needed regarding these products and a review of known fields was conducted to sort out ranges of physical and composition characteristics for definition and classification purposes. A summary of this review with a proposal for classification was presented at the Second International Conference on Heavy Crude and Tar Sands held in Caracas in Feb. 1982. This Caracas conference, organized jointly by the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) and Petroleos de Venezuela debated the definition, characteristics, reserves/resources, production/enhanced oil recovery, and upgrading of heavy crude oils. This work is based, in part, on some of the Caracas conference's discussions.

Byramjee, R.J.

1982-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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401

OPEC and the price of oil in 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is based on a talk given by Mr. Francisco R. Parra - a former Secretary General of OPEC and senior executive of Petroleos de Venezuela - at the Advanced International Petroleum Executive Seminar held by Petroleum Economics Limited in Divonne, from 9 to 11 March 1993. The article first appeared in Middle East Economic Survey 36:26, 29 March 1993. It is reprinted here with permission from the author and MEES. In his talk, he examines the minimal impact of OPEC on world oil prices during the past five years and discusses a number of reasons for this. To reverse this, he concludes that OPEC should limit inventories until prices for crude reach $25/bbl. 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Parra, F.R.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

402

OPEC and the United States. The political economy of oil supply  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

World oil markets have fluctuated widely during the decade from 1973 to 1983, resulting in major adjustments in patterns of consumption and in the structure of the energy trade worldwide. This study focuses on the role of OPEC as both a producer and a consumer of energy and examines how the role affects the complex relations between OPEC and the U.S. The authors think that the recent U.S shift to closer markets like Mexico and Venezuela and the resulting unfavorable balance of trade with the Middle East and Africa will, in the long run, hurt the U.S. They predict a resurgence of OPEC as a producer of oil, oil products, and petrochemicals within the next twenty years as well as an increasing sophistication in marketing strategies on the part of OPEC members.

Mallakh, R.E.; Poulson, B.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

OPEC and the United States: The political economy of oil supply  

SciTech Connect

World oil markets have fluctuated widely during the decade from 1973 to 1983, resulting in major adjustments in patterns of consumption and in the structure of the energy trade worldwide. This study focuses on the role of OPEC as both a producer and a consumer of energy and examines how that role affects the complex relations between OPEC and the U.S. The authors think that the recent U.S. shift to closer markets like Mexico and Venezuela and the resulting unfavorable balance of trade with the Middle East and Africa will, in the long run, hurt the U.S. They predict a resurgence of OPEC as a producer of oil, oil products, and petrochemicals within the next twenty years as well as an increasing sophistication in marketing strategies on the part of OPEC members.

Mallakh, R.E.; Poulson, B.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Enhanced oil recovery for thermal processes. First amendment and extension to Annex IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the result of efforts under the several tasks of the First Amendment and Extension of Annex IV, Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal processes. The report is presented in six sections (for each of the six tasks) and each section contains one or more reports prepared by various individuals or groups describing the results of efforts under each one of the tasks. Each section has been abstracted and processed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base. A statement of each task, taken from the agreement, is presented on the first page of each section. The tasks are numbered 8-13. The first report on Annex IV, Venezuela-MEM/USE-DOE Fossil Energy Report IV-1, (DOE/BETC/SP-83/15), contains the results from the first seven tasks. That report is dated April 1983, entitled, EOR Thermal Processes.

Peterson, G.; Schwartz, E.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research quarterly technical report for January 1--March 31, 1993. Volume 1, Fuels research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accomplishments for this past quarter are presented for the following tasks: Development of analytical methodology for analysis of heavy crudes; and thermochemistry and thermophysical properties of organic nitrogen and diheteroatom-containing compounds. Some of the highlights are: Catalytic cracking experiments on liquid chromatographic fractions from Maya (Mexico), Brass River (Nigeria) and Lagomedio (Venezuela) 650{degrees} F+ resids were completed; a series of blends of a conventional gas oil and a Wilmington 700--1000{degrees} F base fraction were also cracked in order to determine the degree of basic nitrogen poisoning of the catalyst as a function of base concentration; density measurements between approximately 320 K and 550 K were completed for 2-methylquinoline; heat-capacity and enthalpy measurements were completed for 2-methylquinoline; high-temperature heat-capacities and the critical temperature (near 800 K) for 2-methylquinoline were determined; and ebulliometric vapor pressures were measured for 2-methylquinoline.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

NGL (natural gas liquids) shipping and terminals. [Japan, Europe, USA  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the world LPG market covers the need for a world-wide planning organization to develop that market; the shortage of ships between 1000 and 20,000 cu m capacity and the excess of large ships (> 50,000 cu m capacity); the status of the Japanese and European LPG markets; the failure of the U.S. LPG market to develop as expected; and the need for the U.S. to keep its gas for the future by putting a very high price at the well head, to build terminals and ships so as to minimize the effect of LPG and LNG imports on the balance-of-payment deficit; and the availability of LPG from nearby sources (Venezuela, Mexico, the North Sea, and Algeria).

Boudet, R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf January - June 2013 | Release Date: August 29, 2013 | Next Release Date: February 27, 2014 2013 Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Highlights It should be noted that several factors influence the source of a company's crude oil imports. For example, a company like Motiva, which is partly owned by Saudi Refining Inc., would be expected to import a large percentage from the Persian Gulf, while Citgo Petroleum Corporation, which is owned by the Venezuelan state oil company, would not be expected to import a large percentage from the Persian Gulf, since most of their imports likely come from Venezuela. In addition, other factors that influence a specific company's sources of crude oil imports would include the characteristics of various crude oils as well as a company's economic

408

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

409

Operating Water Cherenkov Detectors in high altitude sites for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) are efficient detectors for detecting GRBs in the 10 GeV - 1 TeV energy range using the single particle technique, given their sensitivity to low energy secondary photons produced by high energy photons when cascading in the atmosphere. The Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) operates arrays of WCD in high altitude sites (above 4500 m a.s.l.) in Bolivia, Mexico and Venezuela, with planned extension to Peru. Details on the operation and stability of these WCD in remote sites with high background rates of particles will be detailed, and compared to simulations. Specific issues due to operation at high altitude, atmospheric effects and solar activity, as well as possible hardware enhancements will also be presented.

Allard, D; Asorey, H; Barros, H; Bertou, X; Castillo, M; Chirinos, J M; De Castro, A; Flores, S; González, J; Berisso, M Gomez; Grajales, J; Guada, C; Day, W R Guevara; Ishitsuka, J; López, J A; Martínez, O; Melfo, A; Meza, E; Loza, P Miranda; Barbosa, E Moreno; Murrugarra, C; Núñez, L A; Ormachea, L J Otiniano; Pérez, G; Perez, Y; Ponce, E; Quispe, J; Quintero, C; Rivera, H; Rosales, M; Rovero, A C; Saavedra, O; Salazar, H; Tello, J C; Peralda, R Ticona; Varela, E; Velarde, A; Villaseñor, L; Wahl, D; Zamalloa, M A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

file://G:\mydocs\Coal\Distribution\2003\distable2.HTML  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 3 (Thousand Short Tons) Coal-Exporting State and Destination Metallurgical Steam Total Alabama 5,156 - 5,156 Argentina 345 - 345 Belgium 387 - 387 Brazil 1,825 - 1,825 Bulgaria 363 - 363 Egypt 477 - 477 Germany 167 - 167 Italy 87 - 87 Netherlands 399 - 399 Spain 198 - 198 Turkey 551 - 551 United Kingdom 359 - 359 Kentucky 1,449 - 1,449 Canada 566 - 566 France 104 - 104 Iceland 53 - 53 Italy 139 - 139 Netherlands 268 - 268 Norway 14 - 14 United Kingdom 304 - 304 Pennsylvania 476 8,251 8,820 Australia - 81 81 Belgium - 188 188 Brazil 85 - 87 Canada 203 6,622 6,893 Costa Rica - 40 40 Denmark - 184 184 Dominican Republic - 19 20 France - 193 193 Germany 89 - 89 Ireland - 148 148 Jamaica - 36 36 Morocco - 172 172 Netherlands 99 248 355 Peru - - 12 Portugal - 321 321 Venezuela - - 2 Virginia 4,786

411

pmm.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly December 2013 Table 22. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf a Total OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1985 .............................. 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1986 .............................. 14.09 13.43 12.85 12.17 15.29 12.84 14.63 11.52 12.92 13.46 13.52 1987 .............................. 18.20 17.04 18.43 16.69 19.32 16.81 18.78 15.76 17.47 17.64 17.66 1988 .............................. 14.48 13.50 14.47 12.58 15.88 13.37 15.82 13.66 13.51 14.18 13.96 1989 .............................. 18.36 16.81 18.10 16.35 19.19 17.34 18.74 16.78 17.37 17.78 17.54 1990 ..............................

412

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 Table 8. Preliminary Crude Imports by Country of Origin (For the Top 10 Importing Countries of 2012) 1 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Countries 2 2012 Percentage 3 Current Week Last Week Year Ago 2 Years Ago Four-Week Averages 12/13/13 12/6/13 Difference 12/14/12 Percent Change 12/16/11 Percent Change 12/13/13 12/14/12 Percent Change Crude Imports By Country of Origin Canada ......................................... 28.4 2,786 2,316 470 2,333 19.4 2,133 30.6 2,577 2,100 22.7 Saudi Arabia ................................. 16.0 1,905 1,295 610 1,504 26.7 1,251 52.3 1,516 1,420 6.8 Mexico .......................................... 11.4 947 1,161 -214 1,111 -14.8 603 57.0 1,065 1,072 -0.6 Venezuela ..................................... 10.7 779 783 -4 1,097 -29.0 656 18.8 719 1,033 -30.4 Iraq ...............................................

413

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 3 Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Year Persian Gulf 2 Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries Total Net Imports Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption 5 Net Imports From OPEC 1 Algeria Nigeria Saudi Arabia 3 Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Mexico United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Total Non-OPEC 4 Share of Total Net Imports 6 Share of Consumption 7 Thousand Barrels per Day Percent 1960 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 84 910 1,232 86 -2 -12 34 381 1,613 16.5 76.4 12.6 1965 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 158 994 1,438 297 21 -11 45 843 2,281 19.8 63.0 12.5 1970 NA 8 9 ( ) 30 989 1,294 736 9 -1 270 1,867 3,161 21.5 40.9 8.8 1971 NA 15 102 128 1,019 1,671 831 -14 1 365 2,030 3,701 24.3 45.1 11.0 1972 NA 92 251 189 959 2,044 1,082 -20 -1 428 2,475 4,519 27.6 45.2 12.5 1973 NA 136 459 485 1,134 2,991 1,294 -28 6 426

414

International Energy Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets In the IEO2003 forecast, periodic production adjustments by OPEC members are not expected to have a significant long-term impact on world oil markets. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2025 as the oil resource base is further developed. Throughout most of 2002, crude oil prices were solidly within the range preferred by producers in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), $22 to $28 per barrel for the OPEC “basket price” (see Figure 14). OPEC producers have been demonstrating disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production. Early in 2003, a dramatic upward turn in crude oil prices was brought about by a combination of two factors. First, a general strike against the Chavez regime resulted in a sudden drop in Venezuela’s oil exports. Although other OPEC producers agreed to increase production to make up for the lost Venezuelan output, the obvious strain on worldwide spare capacity kept prices high. Second, price volatility was exacerbated by fears of war in Iraq.

415

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 53,500 1,139 2,258 115 625 0 0 1,267 0 0 Algeria ...................................... 0 1,139 1,174 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 7,822 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 44,568 0 1,084 0 625 0 0 443 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 61,280 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 2,121 3 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 19,360 0 0 0 0 0 0 166 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 40,900 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 1,858 3 0 Non OPEC ................................... 143,726 5,054 4,682 3,253 5,745 1,867

416

Annual Coal Distribution Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States and Foreign Distribution of U.S. Coal by Major Coal-Exporting States and Destination, 2001 Coal-Exporting State and Destination Metallurgical Steam Total Alaska - 761 761 South Korea - 761 761 Alabama 4,667 167 4,834 Argentina 155 - 155 Belgium 989 - 989 Brazil 1,104 - 1,104 Bulgaria 82 - 82 Egypt 518 - 518 Italy 115 - 115 Netherlands 56 83 139 Spain 412 84 496 Turkey 581 - 581 United Kingdom 654 - 654 Kentucky 2,130 - 2,130 Canada 920 - 920 France 22 - 22 Iceland 9 - 9 Italy 430 - 430 Netherlands 417 - 417 Spain 9 - 9 United Kingdom 323 - 323 Pennsylvania 1,086 14,326 15,722 Belgium - 203 203 Brazil 372 - 373 Canada - 12,141 12,418 France - 84 84 Germany 495 165 661 Ireland - 136 136 Netherlands 219 879 1,097 Norway - - 7 Peru - - 21 Portugal - 634 634 United Kingdom - 85 85 Venezuela - - 3 Utah - 1,420 1,420 Japan - 1,334 1,334 Taiwan - 86 86 Virginia 4,531

417

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1, 2004 (next release 2:00 p.m. on March 18) 1, 2004 (next release 2:00 p.m. on March 18) Spot price changes were mixed while futures prices edged up by a penny or two over the past week (Wednesday to Wednesday, March 3-10). Warmer-than-normal temperatures over nearly the entire nation early in the week gave way to considerably cooler temperatures in parts of the South and to colder-than-normal temperatures in the Midwest, the Middle Atlantic, and New England beginning over the weekend. At the Henry Hub, the spot price declined a penny on the week, ending trading yesterday (Wednesday, March 10) at $5.33 per MMBtu. On the NYMEX, the futures contract for April delivery settled yesterday at $5.397 per MMBtu, just 2.2 cents higher than its settlement price one week ago. EIA reported that inventories were 1,143 Bcf as of Friday, March 5, which is 8.3 percent below the 5-year average. Crude oil prices have generally been rising over the past 3 to 4 weeks as uncertainty over OPEC's production levels and continuing civil unrest in Venezuela apply upward pressure on oil prices and, to some extent, on gas prices. Nonetheless, the WTI price declined over the past 3 days, and ended the week with a net gain of 41 cents per barrel (7 cents per MMBtu), at $36.21, or $6.24 per MMBtu.

418

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf a Total OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ............................. 29.31 25.63 - 25.78 30.85 29.27 30.87 22.94 29.37 29.84 28.08 1984 ............................. 28.49 26.56 - 26.85 30.36 29.20 29.45 25.19 29.07 29.06 28.14 1985 ............................. 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1986 ............................. 14.09 13.43 12.85 12.17 15.29 12.84 14.63 11.52 12.92 13.46 13.52 1987 ............................. 18.20 17.04 18.43 16.69 19.32 16.81 18.78 15.76 17.47 17.64 17.66 1988 ............................. 14.48 13.50 14.47 12.58 15.88 13.37 15.82 13.66 13.51 14.18 13.96 1989 .............................

419

TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. 3. PAD District II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,253 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 4,966 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 4,136 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 540 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 3,596 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC .................................... 38,160 3,557 0 0 76 0 107 19 0 18 Angola ....................................... 1,853 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 30,038 3,557 0 0 76 0 107 19 0 18 Colombia ................................... 1,777 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ecuador .................................... 376 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico .......................................

420

Weekly Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Country 12/06/13 12/13/13 12/20/13 12/27/13 01/03/14 01/10/14 View History 1- Canada 2,316 2,786 2,594 2,515 2,838 2,460 2010-2014 2- Saudi Arabia 1,295 1,905 1,614 1,328 1,242 1,521 2010-2014 3- Mexico 1,161 947 1,019 1,082 867 555 2010-2014 4- Venezuela 783 779 518 1,008 709 730 2010-2014 5- Iraq 120 143 332 370 626 202 2010-2014 6- Nigeria 136 0 0 36 98 146 2010-2014 7- Colombia 114 127 288 320 257 360 2010-2014 8- Kuwait 127 237 85 438 584 263 2010-2014

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421

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Friday, January 3, 2003 (next release 2:00 p.m. on January 9) Friday, January 3, 2003 (next release 2:00 p.m. on January 9) A trend of generally declining natural gas spot prices across the country since mid-December came to an abrupt halt yesterday (Thursday, January 2) owing to new forecasts of an Arctic front expected to arrive soon in the Lower 48. During the first day of trading in the New Year, the Henry Hub spot price moved up 34 cents per MMBtu to $4.94, but was still 6 cents lower in comparison with the average last Thursday. For the week (Thursday-Thursday), the price of the NYMEX futures contract for February increased just over $0.26 per MMBtu to $5.251. Natural gas in storage decreased to 2,417 Bcf, which trails the 5-year average by 3.8 percent, for the week ending December 27. Crude oil prices have provided little reprieve from the cautious energy outlook for the rest of the winter, as they continue to hover around 2-year highs owing to political strife in Venezuela and the Iraqi situation, both of which contribute to supply concerns for U.S. markets. Although the spot price for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil declined $0.64 per barrel on the week, the spot price gained $0.76 yesterday to an average of $31.97, or $5.51 per MMBtu.

422

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

F.O.B. F.O.B. a Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ............................. 28.14 - 25.20 29.81 27.53 29.91 21.48 27.70 28.46 27.20 1984 ............................. 27.46 - 26.39 29.51 27.67 28.87 24.23 27.48 27.79 27.45 1985 ............................. 26.30 - 25.33 28.04 22.04 27.64 23.64 23.31 25.67 25.96 1986 ............................. 13.30 12.34 11.84 14.35 11.36 13.84 10.92 11.35 12.21 12.87 1987 ............................. 17.27 17.84 16.36 18.47 15.12 18.28 15.08 15.97 16.43 16.99 1988 ............................. 13.70 13.61 12.18 15.16 12.16 14.80 12.96 12.38 13.43 13.05 1989 ............................. 17.66 17.89

423

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History All Countries 40,216 40,703 46,595 47,285 42,741 43,793 1981-2013 Persian Gulf 14,230 13,361 14,442 14,250 16,435 14,465 1993-2013 OPEC* 22,029 19,569 22,946 25,238 25,775 23,528 1993-2013 Algeria 344 744 1,559 1995-2013 Angola 1,885 1,648 3,742 2,790 2,098 2,497 1995-2013 Ecuador 4,439 4,264 3,739 8,092 5,312 6,177 1993-2013 Iraq 2,870 2,210 5,918 5,585 4,514 4,960 1995-2013 Kuwait 1,297 686 314 1,034 295 1995-2013 Libya 149 106 12 382 2005-2013 Nigeria 296 293 7 1995-2013 Qatar 1995-2004 Saudi Arabia 10,063 10,465 8,210 8,665 10,887 9,210 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1995-2011 Venezuela 982 279 66 1993-2013 Non OPEC*

424

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

425

Imported LNG (liquid natural gas) as an alternative fuel  

SciTech Connect

Imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) first arrived in the United States in 1972 at the rate of one billion cubic feet (Bcf) per year. By 1979, they had reached 252 Bcf/year. However, as US as demand declined and domestic deliverability grew, inflexible LNG prices led to the complete collapse of trade during the 1980s. In 1987, all four US import terminals were idle and no LNG was imported. The situation bean to change with renegotiation of Distrigas' contract to import LNG from Algeria's Sonatrach. In 1988, the company imported 19 Bcf of gas to its Everett, Massachusetts terminal, with greater volumes in 1989. Panhandle Eastern has also renegotiated its Algerian supply contract and reactivated the company's Trunkline LNG terminal at Lake Charles, Louisiana. It received its first cargo in December 1989. Moves are also being made to bring the other two US import terminals, at Cove Point, Maryland and Elba Island, Georgia, back into service. On the supply side too, there are major new developments. Not only is Algeria seeking to expand its existing exports, but new LNG projects in Nigeria, Norway and Venezuela in particular are aimed at the US market. The purpose of this report is to describe the current status and potential development of LNG imports to the US with a view to identifying those circumstances in which an electric utility might consider LNG as an alternate back-up fuel to distillate or residual oil, in gas-fired generating facilities. 9 figs., 10 tabs.

Kelly, M. (Jensen Associates, Inc., Boston, MA (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND HIGH RESOLUTION SIMULATOR OF IN-SITU COMBUSTION PROCESSES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate simulation of in-situ combustion processes is computationally very challenging because the spatial and temporal scales over which the combustion process takes place are very small. In this fifth quarterly report of our DoE funded research, we continue the discussion of the design of a new simulation tool based on an efficient Cartesian Adaptive Mesh Refinement technique that allows much higher grid densities to be used near typical fronts than current simulators. We have now developed an appropriate upscaling technique for our grids, based on the local-global upscaling approach. We show preliminary results on two-dimensional test cases. On the experimental side, we continued experiments to measure the rates and kinetics of combustion in the presence and absence of metallic additives. In this quarter, we developed a better understanding of the cation replacing power of the various additives that affect combustion performance positively, and obtained a preliminary reactivity series. We also resumed our experimental investigation into the cyclic solvent-combustion process using crude oil from the Hamaca Region of Venezuela. Various measurements were made including oxygen consumption as a function of temperature. Preliminary results show that the temperatures for the onset of combustion are a function of the solvent injected.

Margot Gerritsen; Anthony R. Kovscek

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Drilling optimization using drilling simulator software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drilling operations management will face hurdles to reduce costs and increase performance, and to do this with less experience and organizational drilling capacity. A technology called Drilling Simulators Software has shown an extraordinary potential to improve the drilling performance and reduce risk and cost. Different approaches have been made to develop drilling-simulator software. The Virtual Experience Simulator, geological drilling logs, and reconstructed lithology are some of the most successful. The drilling simulations can run multiple scenarios quickly and then update plans with new data to improve the results. Its storage capacity for retaining field drilling experience and knowledge add value to the program. This research shows the results of using drilling simulator software called Drilling Optimization Simulator (DROPS®) in the evaluation of the Aloctono block, in the Pirital field, eastern Venezuela. This formation is characterized by very complex geology, containing faulted restructures, large dips, and hard and abrasive rocks. The drilling performance in this section has a strong impact in the profitability of the field. A number of simulations using geological drilling logs and the concept of the learning curve defined the optimum drilling parameters for the block. The result shows that DROPS® has the capability to simulate the drilling performance of the area with reasonable accuracy. Thus, it is possible to predict the drilling performance using different bits and the learning-curve concept to obtain optimum drilling parameters. All of these allow a comprehensive and effective cost and drilling optimization.

Salas Safe, Jose Gregorio

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

An environmental pressure index proposal for urban development planning based on the analytic network process  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces a new approach to prioritize urban planning projects according to their environmental pressure in an efficient and reliable way. It is based on the combination of three procedures: (i) the use of environmental pressure indicators, (ii) the aggregation of the indicators in an Environmental Pressure Index by means of the Analytic Network Process method (ANP) and (iii) the interpretation of the information obtained from the experts during the decision-making process. The method has been applied to a proposal for urban development of La Carlota airport in Caracas (Venezuela). There are three options which are currently under evaluation. They include a Health Club, a Residential Area and a Theme Park. After a selection process the experts chose the following environmental pressure indicators as ANP criteria for the project life cycle: used land area, population density, energy consumption, water consumption and waste generation. By using goal-oriented questionnaires designed by the authors, the experts determined the importance of the criteria, the relationships among criteria, and the relationships between the criteria and the urban development alternatives. The resulting data showed that water consumption is the most important environmental pressure factor, and the Theme Park project is by far the urban development alternative which exerts the least environmental pressure on the area. The participating experts coincided in appreciating the technique proposed in this paper is useful and, for ranking ordering these alternatives, an improvement from traditional techniques such as environmental impact studies, life-cycle analysis, etc.

Gomez-Navarro, Tomas, E-mail: tgomez@dpi.upv.e [Departamento de Proyectos de Ingenieria, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n. 46022, Valencia (Spain); Garcia-Melon, Monica, E-mail: mgarciam@dpi.upv.e [Departamento de Proyectos de Ingenieria, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n. 46022, Valencia (Spain); Acuna-Dutra, Silvia, E-mail: sacuna@unimet.edu.v [Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Metropolitana, Autopista Guarenas, Sector La Urbina, Distribuidor Metropolitano, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Diaz-Martin, Diego, E-mail: ddiaz@unimet.edu.v [Departamento de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad Metropolitana, Autopista Guarenas, Sector La Urbina, Distribuidor Metropolitano, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

A combined ANP-delphi approach to evaluate sustainable tourism  

SciTech Connect

The evaluation of sustainable tourism strategies promoted by National Parks (NP) related stakeholders is a key concern for NP managers. To help them in their strategic evaluation procedures, in this paper we propose a methodology based on the Analytic Network Process and a Delphi-type judgment-ensuring procedure. The approach aims at involving stakeholders in a participatory and consensus-building process. The methodology was applied to Los Roques NP in Venezuela. The problem included three sustainable tourism strategies defined by the stakeholders: eco-efficient resorts, eco-friendly leisure activities and ecological transportation systems. Representatives of eight stakeholders participated in the methodology. 13 sustainability criteria were selected. Results provide some important insights into the overall philosophy and underlying participants' conception of what sustainable development of Los Roques NP means. This conception is broadly shared by stakeholders as they coincided in the weights of most of the criteria, which were assigned individually through the questionnaire. It is particularly noteworthy that tourists and environmentalists almost fully match in their assessments of criteria but not of the alternatives. Moreover, there is a great agreement in the final assessment. This suggests that the regular contact among the different stakeholders, i.e. tourists with inhabitants, authorities with environmentalists, tour operators with representatives of the ministry, etc. has led to a common understanding of the opportunities and threats for the NP. They all agreed that the procedure enhances participation and transparency and it is a necessary source of information and support for their decisions.

Garcia-Melon, Monica, E-mail: mgarciam@dpi.upv.es [INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain); Gomez-Navarro, Tomas, E-mail: tgomez@dpi.upv.es [Depto. Proyectos Ingenieria, Universitat Politecnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n 46022 Valencia (Spain); Acuna-Dutra, Silvia, E-mail: sacuna@unime.edu.ve [Universidad Metropolitana de Caracas, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Middle East crisis and US energy policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The worldwide embargo of oil from Iraq and Kuwait imposed following Iraq's Aug. 2 takeover of its neighbor cut world oil supply by an estimated 4.3 million barrels per day--7 percent of world production. Other major oil producers, notably Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela, are stepping up their production and are expected to make up for most of the shortfall--at least for awhile. As a result, the International Energy Agency, the 21-member agency set up in the 1970s to respond to such emergencies, expects world oil supplies to be adequate through October. But two factors complicate matters in the long run: the drawdown of inventories in August that cut out a cushion that could have been used later and the use now of excess OPEC production capacity that was expected to be used this winter. The result is that the increase in cold weather demand could bring on a 3 million bpd shortage this winter, which would push prices higher.

Not Available

1990-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

431

Seismic evaluation of vulnerability for SAMA educational buildings in Tehran  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Earthquake is a destructive phenomenon that trembles different parts of the earth yearly and causes many destructions. Iran is one of the (high seismicity) quack- prone parts of the world that has received a lot of pecuniary damages and life losses each year, schools are of the most important places to be protected during such crisis.There was no special surveillance on designing and building of school's building in Tehran till the late 70's, and as Tehran is on faults, instability of such buildings may cause irrecoverable pecuniary damages and especially life losses, therefore preventing this phenomenon is in an urgent need.For this purpose, some of the schools built during 67-78 mostly with Steel braced frame structures have been selected, first, by evaluating the selected Samples, gathering information and Visual Survey, the prepared questionnaires were filled out. With the use of ARIA and SABA (Venezuela) Methods, new modified combined method for qualified evaluations was found and used.Then, for quantified evaluation, with the use of computer 3D models and nonlinear statically analysis methods, a number of selected buildings of qualified evaluation, were reevaluated and finally with nonlinear dynamic analysis method the real behavior of structures on the earthquakes is studied.The results of qualified and quantified evaluations were compared and a proper Pattern for seismic evaluation of Educational buildings was presented. Otherwise the results can be a guidance for the person in charge of retrofitting or if necessary rebuilding the schools.

Amini, Omid Nassiri [University of Mazandran, Department of Civil Engineering, Master of Structural engineering, Mazandran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Amiri, Javad Vaseghi [Department of Civil Engineering, Associated professor, Mazandran University, Babol (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

432

Annotated bibliography of coal in the Caribbean region. [Lignite  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of preparing this annotated bibliography was to compile information on coal localities for the Caribbean region used for preparation of a coal map of the region. Also, it serves as a brief reference list of publications for future coal studies in the Caribbean region. It is in no way an exhaustive study or complete listing of coal literature for the Caribbean. All the material was gathered from published literature with the exception of information from Cuba which was supplied from a study by Gordon Wood of the US Geological Survey, Branch of Coal Resources. Following the classification system of the US Geological Survey (Wood and others, 1983), the term coal resources has been used in this report for reference to general estimates of coal quantities even though authors of the material being annotated may have used the term coal reserves in a similar denotation. The literature ranges from 1857 to 1981. The countries listed include Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, and the countries of Central America.

Orndorff, R.C.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Refiner/marketer targets production of transportation fuels and distillates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Citgo Petroleum Corp., the wholly owned subsidiary of Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA), the Venezuelan national oil company, owns two gasoline producing refineries, a 305,000-b/d system in Lake Charles, La., and a 130,000-b/d facility in Corpus Christi, Texas. Each is considered a deep conversion facility capable of converting heavy, sour crudes into a high percentage of transportation fuels and distillates. Two smaller refineries, one in Paulsboro, N.J., and one in Savannah, GA., have the capacity to process 40,000 b/d and 28,000 b/d of crude, respectively, for asphalt products. In the past two years, Citgo`s light oils refineries operated safely and reliably with a minimum of unscheduled shutdowns. An ongoing emphasis to increase reliability has resulted in extended run lengths at the refineries. Citgo has invested $314 million at its facilities in 1995, much of this toward environmental and regulatory projects, such as the new waste water treatment unit at the Lake Charles refinery. Over the next few years, Citgo expects to complete $1.5 billion in capital spending for major processing units such as a 60,000-b/d FCC feed hydrotreater unit at the Lake Charles refinery and crude expansion at the Corpus Christi refinery. Product exchanges and expanded transport agreements are allowing Citgo to extend its marketing reach.

Thompson, J.E.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Unusual plant features gas turbines  

SciTech Connect

Gas turbines were chosen by Phillips Petroleum Co. to operate the first gas-injection plant in the world to use gas-type turbines to drive reciprocating compressors. The plant is located in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. Gas turbines were chosen because of their inherent reliability as prime movers and for their lack of vibration. Reciprocating compressors were decided upon because of their great flexibility. Now, for the first time, the advantages of both gas turbines and reciprocating compressors are coupled on a very large scale. In this installation, the turbines will operate at about 5,000 rpm, while the compressors will run at only 270 rpm. Speed will be reduced through the giant gear boxes. The compressor platform rests on seventy- eight 36-in. piles in 100 ft of water. Piles were driven 180 ft below water level. To dehydrate the gas, Phillips will install a triethylene glycol unit. Two nearby flow stations will gather associated gas produced at the field and will pipe the gas underwater to the gas injection platform. Lamar Field is in the S. central area of Lake Maracaibo. To date, it has produced a 150 million bbl in 10 yr. Studies have indicated that a combination of waterflooding and repressuring by gas injection could double final recovery. Waterflooding began in 1963.

Franco, A.

1967-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Reduce power outages  

SciTech Connect

A case history shows the cost-effectiveness of doing a reliability study on a new, grassroots refinery constructed in Venezuela. Constructing grassroots refineries in developing countries pose many challenges, especially when considering electrical power and steam supplies. Without dependable electrical and steam sources, the refinery will not operate according to design expectations. Consequently, utility systems are critical and expensive challenges that must be considered early in design. Because of tighter operating budgets, refiners are equally interested in cutting out system overdesign. Redundant backup systems are damaging in capital and operating expenditures. Using reliability analysis techniques, designers can evaluate the reliability, availability and maintainability of operating systems. In the following example, a Venezuelan operating company used a reliability analysis to: assess onstream factors for the refinery`s power plant; identify critical equipment that have the greatest impact on available electrical and steam sources; and achieve a cost-effective equipment configuration that eliminates redundant backup systems. Results from the study allowed decision-makers to initiate objective plans and created an equipment-failure database that will service the refinery for its useful life.

Goyal, R. [BAPCO, Awali (Bahrain); Ramirez, R. [Corpoven S.A., Caracas (Venezuela)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

LAGOVirtual: A Collaborative Environment for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the LAGOVirtual Project: an ongoing project to develop platform to collaborate in the Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO). This continental-wide observatory is devised to detect high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, by using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) at high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). This platform will allow LAGO collaboration to share data, and computer resources through its different sites. This environment has the possibility to generate synthetic data by simulating the showers through AIRES application and to store/preserve distributed data files collected by the WCD at the LAGO sites. The present article concerns the implementation of a prototype of LAGO-DR adapting DSpace, with a hierarchical structure (i.e. country, institution, followed by collections that contain the metadata and data files), for the captured/simulated data. This structure was generated by using the community, sub-community, collection, item model; available at the DSpace software. Each member institution-country of the project has the appropriate permissions on the system to publish information (descriptive metadata and associated data files). The platform can also associate multiple files to each item of data (data from the instruments, graphics, postprocessed-data, etc.).

R. Camacho; R. Chacon; G. Diaz; C. Guada; V. Hamar; H. Hoeger; A. Melfo; L. A. Nunez; Y. Perez; C. Quintero; M. Rosales; R. Torrens; the LAGO Collaboration

2009-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

438

World`s LPG supply picture will change by 2000  

SciTech Connect

Middle East LPG producers will continue to dominate world export markets in 1996. Led by Saudi Arabia, the Middle East will produce nearly 26 million metric tons of LPG in million metric tons of LPG in 1996, more than 54% of the world`s almost 48 million metric tons of export LPG. In 2000, however, with world exports of LPG expanding to 58.9 million metric tons, Middle East suppliers; share will have remained flat, making up 31.7 million metric tons, or 53.9%. Saudi Arabia`s contribution will exceed 15 million metric tons, reflecting essentially no growth since 1995. These and other patterns, from data compiled by Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, and published earlier this year, show other suppliers of LPG, especially African (Algeria/Nigeria), North Sea, and Latin American (Venezuela/Argentina), picking up larger shares in the last 5 years of this decade. This scenario assumes completion of several major supply projects that are either panned, under construction, or nearing start up in most of these areas. The paper discusses the global picture, the supply situation in the Middle East, Africa, the North Sea, and South America.

True, W.R.

1995-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

439

Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East  

SciTech Connect

Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

440

Analysis of heavy oils: Method development and application to Cerro Negro heavy petroleum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On March 6, 1980, the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Venezuela (MEMV) entered into a joint agreement which included analysis of heavy crude oils from the Venezuelan Orinoco oil belt.The purpose of this report is to present compositional data and describe new analytical methods obtained from work on the Cerro Negro Orinoco belt crude oil since 1980. Most of the chapters focus on the methods rather than the resulting data on Cerro Negro oil, and results from other oils obtained during the verification of the method are included. In addition, published work on analysis of heavy oils, tar sand bitumens, and like materials is reviewed, and the overall state of the art in analytical methodology for heavy fossil liquids is assessed. The various phases of the work included: distillation and determination of routine'' physical/chemical properties (Chapter 1); preliminary separation of >200{degree}C distillates and the residue into acid, base, neutral, saturated hydrocarbon and neutral-aromatic concentrates (Chapter 2); further separation of acid, base, and neutral concentrates into subtypes (Chapters 3-5); and determination of the distribution of metal-containing compounds in all fractions (Chapter 6).

Carbognani, L.; Hazos, M.; Sanchez, V. (INTEVEP, Filial de Petroleos de Venezuela, SA, Caracas (Venezuela)); Green, J.A.; Green, J.B.; Grigsby, R.D.; Pearson, C.D.; Reynolds, J.W.; Shay, J.Y.; Sturm, G.P. Jr.; Thomson, J.S.; Vogh, J.W.; Vrana, R.P.; Yu, S.K.T.; Diehl, B.H.; Grizzle, P.L.; Hirsch, D.E; Hornung, K.W.; Tang, S.Y.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "uzbekistan vanuatu venezuela" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Preliminary working paper: satellite power system and lesser developed countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to screen selected countries that, by geographical location, might be appropriate sites for the rectenna system and for which technical, environmental, social, demographic, political, and economic factors make a Satellite Power System (SPS) project appear possible. The study focused on countries that are referred to as Lesser Developed Countries (LDCs). Of 130 countries, sovereignties, and dependencies classified by the United Nations as less developed, thirteen countries were selected for study. The countries in the Americas are Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, and Brazil. On the African continent, the countries are Algeria, Senegal, Gambia, Zaire, and Kenya. The countries in Asia and Oceania are The People's Republic of China, India, Thailand, and Indonesia. Certain general conclusions can be drawn from this study. Countries that might be able to support or contribute to SPS are the established, major energy exporters. The consumption of countries that export some energy virtually matches production. They may be able to pay for SPS in the years 2000 or 2025, but increased economic development and diversification of exports will need to be implemented first. Finally, those countries that import energy do not have an economic base by which they could support SPS unaided, but require energy. All thirteen nations could benefit from SPS. SPS could prove invaluable to these countries with sensitive economies. The added electrical energy could bolster their economies and provide for increased development so that the nations could suppport or contribute to SPS.

Oliver, T.E.; Ventry, L.T.; DuBois, C.; Dhanda, R.

1980-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

442

The QUEST RR Lyrae Survey: III. The Low Galactic Latitude Catalogue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results for the QUEST RR Lyrae Survey at low galactic latitude, conducted entirely with observations obtained with the QUEST mosaic camera and the 1.0/1.5m J\\"urgen Stock Schmidt telescope at the National Observatory of Venezuela. The survey spans an area of 476 sq. deg on the sky, with multi-epoch observations in the V, R and I photometric bands for 6.5x10^6 stars in the galactic latitude range 3095 per cent and ~85 per cent for RRab and RRc stars respectively. Photometric metallicities were computed based on the light curves and individual extinctions calculated from minimum light colours for each RRab star. Distances were obtained with typical errors ~7 per cent. The RR Lyrae survey simultaneously spans a large range of heliocentric distances 0.5<= R_hel(kpc)<=40 and heights above the plane -15<=z(kpc)<=+20, with well known completeness across the survey area, making it an ideal set for studying the struc ture of the Galactic thick disk.

Mateu, Cecilia; Downes, Juan José; Briceño, César; Zinn, Robert; Cruz-Diaz, Gustavo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD PAD District V PAD District IV January 1998 Non OPEC .................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Total .............................................. 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Arab OPEC .................................. 2,409 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,299 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 1,614 0 363 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 594 0 363 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC .................................... 9,618 5 972 0 13 475 22 0 0 0 Argentina .................................. 807 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada

444

International Energy Outlook - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets International Energy Outlook 2004 World Oil Markets In the IEO2004 forecast, OPEC export volumes are expected to more than double while non-OPEC suppliers maintain their edge over OPEC in overall production. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2025 as the oil resource base is further developed. Throughout most of 2003, crude oil prices remained near the top of the range preferred by producers in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), $22 to $28 per barrel for the OPEC “basket price.” OPEC producers continued to demonstrate disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production. Throughout 2003, the upward turn in crude oil prices was brought about by a combination of three factors. First, a general strike against the Chavez regime resulted in a sudden loss of much of Venezuela’s oil exports. Although the other OPEC producers agreed to increase their production capacities to make up for the lost Venezuelan output, the obvious strain on worldwide spare capacity kept prices high. Second, price volatility was exacerbated by internal conflict in Nigeria. Third, prospects for a return to normalcy in the Iraqi oil sector remained uncertain as residual post-war turmoil continued in Iraq.

445

Table 19. Average Price of U.S. Coal Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price of U.S. Coal Imports Price of U.S. Coal Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Table 19. Average Price of U.S. Coal Imports (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Report, April - June 2013 Year to Date Continent and Country of Origin April - June 2013 January - March 2013 April - June 2012 2013 2012 Percent Change North America Total 147.86 138.39 191.01 144.86 197.96 -26.8 Canada 147.86 138.39 191.00 144.86 197.95 -26.8 Mexico - - 286.23 - 286.23 - South America Total 75.29 80.74 86.52 77.20 87.17 -11.4 Argentina - - 504.70 - 504.70 - Colombia 74.87 80.74 83.03 76.96 85.25 -9.7 Peru 87.09 - - 87.09 - - Venezuela 91.81 - 122.01 91.81 112.61 -18.5 Europe Total - 136.50 137.33 136.50 146.31 -6.7

446

LAGOVirtual: A Collaborative Environment for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the LAGOVirtual Project: an ongoing project to develop platform to collaborate in the Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO). This continental-wide observatory is devised to detect high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, by using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) at high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). This platform will allow LAGO collaboration to share data, and computer resources through its different sites. This environment has the possibility to generate synthetic data by simulating the showers through AIRES application and to store/preserve distributed data files collected by the WCD at the LAGO sites. The present article concerns the implementation of a prototype of LAGO-DR adapting DSpace, with a hierarchical structure (i.e. country, institution, followed by collections that contain the metadata and data files), for the captured/simulate...

Camacho, R; Diaz, G; Guada, C; Hamar, V; Hoeger, H; Melfo, A; Nunez, L A; Perez, Y; Quintero, C; Rosales, M; Torrens, R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 9.2 F.O.B. Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ................. W W - 7.81 3.25 - 5.39 3.68 5.43 4.80 1975 Average .................. 10.97 - 11.44 11.82 10.87 - 11.04 10.88 11.34 10.62 1980 Average .................. 33.45 W 31.06 35.93 28.17 34.36 24.81 28.92 32.21 32.85 1985 Average .................. 26.30 - 25.33 28.04 22.04 27.64 23.64 23.31 25.67 25.96 1990 Average .................. 20.23 20.75 19.26 22.46 20.36 23.43 19.55 18.54 20.40 20.32 1995 Average .................. 16.58 16.73 15.64 17.40 W 16.94 13.86 W 15.36 16.02 2000 Average .................. 27.90 29.04 25.39 28.70

448

Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total All Countries 12,036 11,114 9,667 9,441 8,450 7,393 1973-2012 Persian Gulf 2,159 2,368 1,678 1,705 1,842 2,149 1993-2012 OPEC* 5,946 5,899 4,675 4,787 4,429 4,093 1993-2012 Algeria 663 548 490 510 355 241 1993-2012 Angola 508 513 458 393 346 233 1993-2012 Ecuador 182 202 138 135 147 117 1993-2012 Iran 1993-1995 Iraq 484 627 450 415 459 476 1996-2012 Kuwait 181 210 182 197 191 305 1993-2012 Libya 117 103 79 70 15 60 2004-2012 Nigeria 1,133 982 798 1,006 803 419 1995-2012 Qatar 2 0 10 0 4 4 1993-2012 Saudi Arabia 1,483 1,529 1,003 1,096 1,193 1,364 1993-2012 United Arab Emirates 9 3 31 -2 -4 -1 1993-2012 Venezuela 1,339 1,162 1,037 968 919 875 1993-2012

449

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Table 9.3 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ............... W 5.33 W - 9.08 5.37 - 5.99 5.91 6.85 5.64 1975 Average ................ 11.81 12.84 - 12.61 12.70 12.50 - 12.36 12.64 12.70 12.70 1980 Average ................ 34.76 30.11 W 31.77 37.15 29.80 35.68 25.92 30.59 33.56 33.99 1985 Average ................ 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1990 Average ................ 21.51 20.48 22.34 19.64 23.33 21.82 22.65 20.31 20.55 21.23 20.98 1995 Average ................ 17.66 16.65 17.45 16.19 18.25 16.84 17.91 14.81 16.78 16.61 16.95 2000 Average ................ 29.57 26.69 29.68 26.03 30.04

450

International Energy Outlook 1998  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. World Oil Production Capacity by Region and Country, Reference 0. World Oil Production Capacity by Region and Country, Reference Case, 1990-2020 (Million Barrels per Day) Region/Country History (Estimates) Projections 1990 1996 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 OPEC Persian Gulf Iran 3.2 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.5 5.7 6.8 Iraq 2.2 0.6 0.6 2.1 3.2 5.9 7.8 Kuwait 1.7 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.3 4.3 5.2 Qatar 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 Saudi Arabia 8.6 10.6 10.9 11.2 13.5 17.2 23.8 United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.5 4.7 5.5 Total Persian Gulf 18.7 20.9 21.6 24.4 28.6 38.4 49.8 Other OPEC Algeria 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.0 Indonesia 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 Libya 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 Nigeria 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.7 3.1 3.0 2.8 Venezuela 2.4 3.2 3.7 4.2 5.2 5.7 5.9

451

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by Area  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Average Landed Cost 67.97 93.33 60.23 76.50 102.92 101.00 1973-2012 Persian Gulf 69.83 93.59 62.15 78.60 108.01 107.74 1973-2012 Total OPEC 71.14 95.49 61.90 78.28 107.84 107.56 1973-2012 Non OPEC 63.96 90.59 58.58 74.68 98.64 95.05 1973-2012 Selected Countries Canada 60.38 90.00 57.60 72.80 89.92 84.24 1973-2012 Colombia 70.91 93.43 58.50 74.25 102.57 107.07 1973-2012 Angola 71.27 98.18 61.32 80.61 114.05 114.95 1973-2012 Mexico 62.31 85.97 57.35 72.86 101.21 102.45 1973-2012 Nigeria 78.01 104.83 68.01 83.14 116.43 116.88 1973-2012 Saudi Arabia 70.78 94.75 62.14 79.29 108.83 108.15 1973-2012 United Kingdom 72.47 96.95 63.87 80.29 118.45 W 1973-2012 Venezuela

452

U.S. Crude Oil Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 231,718 1920-2013 239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 231,718 1920-2013 Persian Gulf 65,745 56,296 59,730 66,000 63,759 59,553 1993-2013 OPEC* 117,313 108,592 110,593 112,292 110,695 100,239 1993-2013 Algeria 1,890 611 620 800 1993-2013 Angola 9,784 7,706 7,097 10,734 6,792 6,227 1993-2013 Ecuador 5,533 6,071 5,947 10,661 7,502 7,617 1993-2013 Iraq 9,937 6,850 9,275 12,308 8,618 7,000 1996-2013 Kuwait 11,181 6,518 9,585 12,402 8,980 10,382 1993-2013 Libya 2,769 3,269 4,035 1,428 1,058 2004-2013 Nigeria 10,706 10,115 6,170 4,142 7,461 4,502 1993-2013 Qatar 1998-2011 Saudi Arabia 44,627 42,928 40,870 41,290 46,161 42,171 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1993-2011 Venezuela 20,886 25,135 27,003 18,707 23,323 22,340 1993-2013

453

Upgrading and enhanced recovery of Jobo heavy oil using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-situ upgrading of oil using hydrogen donors is a new process. In particular, very little research has been conducted with respect to in-situ oil upgrading using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion. Several papers describe the use of metal additives mixed with oil and their influence on oil properties such as viscosity and API gravity. The main objective of my research is to determine if a catalyst mixed with a hydrogen donor (tetralin) is going to affect the Jobo crude oil properties while undergoing in-situ combustion. Six runs were performed with Jobo crude oil (9-11ºAPI) from the Orinoco Belt in Venezuela. Four of the runs were successful. Two of them are base runs; the remaining ones are with tetralin with concentration of 5 wt% (of oil) and catalyst with concentration of 750 ppm. For all runs, the following were kept constant: the air injection rate (3 std. L/min) and production (combustion tube outlet) pressure, 300 psig. Concentration by weight of oil, water, and sand in the samples were approximately 4.8%, 4.2%, and 91% respectively. Oil viscosity at the end of combustion at 40oC decreased from 42.3 and 73.6 to 16.6 and 25.2; API gravity at the end of combustion increased from 18.4 and 16.8 to 20 and 18.8. Oil recovery is higher; combustion front velocity is faster in the case of additives, water production decreased. Since oil viscosity decreased and API gravity increased oil moves faster and consequently combustion time is lower.

Huseynzade, Samir

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Upgrading and enhanced recovery of Jobo heavy oil using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-situ upgrading of oil using hydrogen donors is a new process. In particular, very little research has been conducted with respect to in-situ oil upgrading using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion. Several papers describe the use of metal additives mixed with oil and their influence on oil properties such as viscosity and API gravity. The main objective of my research is to determine if a catalyst mixed with a hydrogen donor (tetralin) is going to affect the Jobo crude oil properties while undergoing in-situ combustion. Six runs were performed with Jobo crude oil (9-11ºAPI) from the Orinoco Belt in Venezuela. Four of the runs were successful. Two of them are base runs; the remaining ones are with tetralin with concentration of 5 wt% (of oil) and catalyst with concentration of 750 ppm. For all runs, the following were kept constant: the air injection rate (3 std. L/min) and production (combustion tube outlet) pressure, 300 psig. Concentration by weight of oil, water, and sand in the samples were approximately 4.8%, 4.2%, and 91% respectively. Oil viscosity at the end of combustion at 40°C decreased from 42.3 and 73.6 to 16.6 and 25.2; API gravity at the end of combustion increased from 18.4 and 16.8 to 20 and 18.8. Oil recovery is higher; combustion front velocity is faster in the case of additives, water production decreased. Since oil viscosity decreased and API gravity increased oil moves faster and consequently combustion time is lower.

Huseynzade, Samir

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

EOR dips in U. S. but remains a significant factor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the Journal's exclusive biennial enhanced oil recovery EOR survey including heavy oil projects, and other estimates, worldwide production from enhanced oil recovery projects at the start of 1994 remained about 1.9 million b/d or about the same as at the beginning of 1992. The 1.9 million b/d represents about 3.2% of the world's oil production. Although worldwide EOR production has hit a plateau, projects in the next few years in China, Alaska, Indonesia, Canada, Venezuela, and the US Permian basin might boos the production trend upward. The Journal's current survey found US EOR production decreased by 7%, to 709,000 bo/d. This production rate is still 10% of the overall US daily oil production. The percentage remained the same because between January 1992 and January 1994, total US oil production dropped almost 400,000 bo/d to 6.9 million b/d. Total US oil production is currently about 6.6 million bo/d. The number of US EOR projects has steadily decreased since 1986 but this is the first survey showing less production from EOR projects. Twelve tables compile data on the following: US EOR production; active US EOR projects; planned EOR projects, US and non-US; producing Canadian EOR projects; completed/terminated Canadian projects; producing EOR projects outside US and Canada, completed/terminated/postponed projects outside US and Canada; producing thermal EOR US projects; producing CO[sub 2] gas EOR US projects; producing chemical and microbial EOR US projects; completed/terminated/postponed/delayed US projects; and producing worldwide heavy oil EOR projects.

Moritis, G.

1994-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

456

Heavy crude and tar sands: Hydrocarbons for the 21st century. Volume 2, Reservoir behavior, drilling and production  

SciTech Connect

Volume 2 is devoted to heavy oil reservoir behavior, production, and the drilling and completion of wells to meet the special needs of these fascinating but difficult oils and bitumens. The volume begins with four papers describing approaches to the recovery of heavy oil and to two fields subject to different recovery mechanisms. Although most heavy oil fields are produced with the assistance of steam stimulation, which commenced in Venezuela, or steam flood, many other methods for the improvement of recovery are potentially applicable. The seven reports on pilot projects examine mostly the results of studies on the dominant thermal recovery methods - steam stimulation, steam flood, and in situ combustion. The behavior of reservoirs under development through use of horizontal wells is the subject of three reports, of vertical wells, nine papers. Much is still to be teamed concerning the relative advantages of these two distinctive methods of reservoir development. The 18 reports on drilling and production are of great importance to the science and engineering of heavy oil because of the problems heavy oil causes after it is induced to flow to the well bore. Artificial lifting of the oil has traditionally centered on the use of sucker rods, but other methods, such as chamber or cavity-pump lift may prove to be efficacious. Horizontal well drilling is a logical approach to maximizing the amount of reservoir exposed to the well bore but this entails special problems in bore-hole clean-up. Heavy oils, too, pose special, frequently very difficult gravel packing problems. Sand production with heavy oil has always posed both economic and technological difficulties and major effort is devoted to overcoming them, as evidenced by the reports in this section. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Meyer, R.F. [ed.] [Geological Survey, Washington, DC (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

Water issues associated with heavy oil production.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crude oil occurs in many different forms throughout the world. An important characteristic of crude oil that affects the ease with which it can be produced is its density and viscosity. Lighter crude oil typically can be produced more easily and at lower cost than heavier crude oil. Historically, much of the nation's oil supply came from domestic or international light or medium crude oil sources. California's extensive heavy oil production for more than a century is a notable exception. Oil and gas companies are actively looking toward heavier crude oil sources to help meet demands and to take advantage of large heavy oil reserves located in North and South America. Heavy oil includes very viscous oil resources like those found in some fields in California and Venezuela, oil shale, and tar sands (called oil sands in Canada). These are described in more detail in the next chapter. Water is integrally associated with conventional oil production. Produced water is the largest byproduct associated with oil production. The cost of managing large volumes of produced water is an important component of the overall cost of producing oil. Most mature oil fields rely on injected water to maintain formation pressure during production. The processes involved with heavy oil production often require external water supplies for steam generation, washing, and other steps. While some heavy oil processes generate produced water, others generate different types of industrial wastewater. Management and disposition of the wastewater presents challenges and costs for the operators. This report describes water requirements relating to heavy oil production and potential sources for that water. The report also describes how water is used and the resulting water quality impacts associated with heavy oil production.

Veil, J. A.; Quinn, J. J.; Environmental Science Division

2008-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

458

Experimental study of Morichal heavy oil recovery using combined steam and propane injection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Considerable research and testing have been conducted for the improvement of basic thermal recovery processes and for the development and application of other methods of reservoir heating. Effects of various additives injected simultaneously with steam (for the purpose of increasing steam recovery efficiency) are being evaluated. An experimental study has been performed to investigate the effect of combined steam and propane injection on recovery of heavy oil from the Morichal field, Venezuela. The experiments were conducted using an injection cell packed with sandmix containing a mixture of sand, water, and Morichal oil. Experimental runs involved injection of steam, or propane, or a mixture of steam and propane into the cell at constant rate, temperature, and pressure. The injection was kept constant at 5 g/min for all runs. Five experiments were performed, namely, run 1 (50 wt.% steam and 50 wt.% propane), run 2 (100 wt.% steam), run 3 (75 wt.% steam and 25 wt.% propane), run 4 (100 wt.% propane), and run 5 (95 wt.% steam and 5 wt.% propane). Main findings for this study are as follows. First, it appears possible to accelerate recovery of Morichal oil using combined steam and propane injection. Oil recovery at 61% OOIP may be up to 0.23 pore volume faster than using steam injection alone, with gain in ultimate recovery of up to 5% OOIP. Second, with only propane injection, at temperature and pressure conditions tested, practically no oil is recovered. Steam is necessary to reduce interfacial tension and the oil viscosity, thus allowing propane to permeate through the oil. This increases propane miscibility with oil, further reducing the residual oil saturation, and enhances the displacement efficiency. It is recommended that further research be conducted to confirm the technical and economic feasibility of steam-propane injection, particularly for other crude oil types, and at pressure and temperature conditions encountered in the field.

Goite Marcano, Jose Gregorio

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Effects of selected thermophilic microorganisms on crude oils at elevated temperatures and pressures. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the past several years, a considerable amount of work has been carried out showing that microbially enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) is promising and the resulting biotechnology may be deliverable. At the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), systematic studies have been conducted which dealt with the effects of thermophilic and thermoadapted bacteria on the chemical and physical properties of selected types of crude oils at elevated temperatures and pressures. Particular attention was paid to heavy crude oils from Venezuela, California, Alabama, Arkansas, Wyoming, Alaska, and other oil producing areas. Current studies indicate that during the biotreatment several chemical and physical properties of crude oils are affected. The oils are (1) emulsified; (2) acidified; (3) there is a qualitative and quantitative change in light and heavy fractions of the crudes; (4) there are chemical changes in fractions containing sulfur compounds; (5) there is an apparent reduction in the concentration of trace metals; (6) the qualitative and quantitative changes appear to be microbial species dependent; and (7) there is a distinction between {open_quotes}biodegraded{close_quotes} and {open_quotes}biotreated{close_quotes} oils. Preliminary results indicate the introduced microorganisms may become the dominant species in the bioconversion of oils. These studies also indicate the biochemical interactions between crude oils and microorganisms follow distinct trends, characterized by a group of chemical markers. Core-flooding experiments have shown significant additional crude oil recoveries are achievable with thermophilic microorganisms at elevated temperatures similar to those found in oil reservoirs. In addition, the biochemical treatment of crude oils has technological applications in downstream processing of crude oils such as in upgrading of low grade oils and the production of hydrocarbon based detergents.

Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Have We Run Out of Oil Yet? Oil Peaking Analysis from an Optimist's Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study addresses several questions concerning the peaking of conventional oil production from an optimist's perspective. Is the oil peak imminent? What is the range of uncertainty? What are the key determining factors? Will a transition to unconventional oil undermine or strengthen OPEC's influence over world oil markets? These issues are explored using a model combining alternative world energy scenarios with an accounting of resource depletion and a market-based simulation of transition to unconventional oil resources. No political or environmental constraints are allowed to hinder oil production, geological constraints on the rates at which oil can be produced are not represented, and when USGS resource estimates are used, more than the mean estimate of ultimately recoverable resources is assumed to exist. The issue is framed not as a question of "running out" of conventional oil, but in terms of the timing and rate of transition from conventional to unconventional oil resources. Unconventional oil is chosen because production from Venezuela's heavy-oil fields and Canada's Athabascan oil sands is already underway on a significant scale and unconventional oil is most consistent with the existing infrastructure for producing, refining, distributing and consuming petroleum. However, natural gas or even coal might also prove to be economical sources of liquid hydrocarbon fuels. These results indicate a high probability that production of conventional oil from outside of the Middle East region will peak, or that the rate of increase of production will become highly constrained before 2025. If world consumption of hydrocarbon fuels is to continue growing, massive development of unconventional resources will be required. While there are grounds for pessimism and optimism, it is certainly not too soon for extensive, detailed analysis of transitions to alternative energy sources.

Greene, David L [ORNL; Hopson, Dr Janet L [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Li, Jia [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

World oil use is projected to grow to 98 million b/d in 2015 and 118 million b/d in 2030. Total world natural gas consumption is projected to rise to 134 Tcf in 2015 and 182 Tcf in 2030. In an era of declining production and increasing demand, economically producing oil and gas from unconventional sources is a key challenge to maintaining global economic growth. Some unconventional hydrocarbon sources are already being developed, including gas shales, tight gas sands, heavy oil, oil sands, and coal bed methane. Roughly 20 years ago, gas production from tight sands, shales, and coals was considered uneconomic. Today, these resources provide 25% of the U.S. gas supply and that number is likely to increase. Venezuela has over 300 billion barrels of unproven extra-heavy oil reserves which would give it the largest reserves of any country in the world. It is currently producing over 550,000 b/d of heavy oil. Unconventional oil is also being produced in Canada from the Athabasca oil sands. 1.6 trillion barrels of oil are locked in the sands of which 175 billion barrels are proven reserves that can be recovered using current technology. Production from 29 companies now operating there exceeds 1 million barrels per day. The report provides an overview of continuous petroleum sources and gives a concise overview of the current status of varying types of unconventional oil and gas resources. Topics covered in the report include: an overview of the history of Oil and Natural Gas; an analysis of the Oil and Natural Gas industries, including current and future production, consumption, and reserves; a detailed description of the different types of unconventional oil and gas resources; an analysis of the key business factors that are driving the increased interest in unconventional resources; an analysis of the barriers that are hindering the development of unconventional resources; profiles of key producing regions; and, profiles of key unconventional oil and gas producers.

none

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 5 Table 5.20 Value of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 (Billion Dollars 1 ) Year Persian Gulf 3 Selected OPEC 2 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 2 Countries Total 5 Kuwait Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Colombia Mexico Norway United Kingdom Total Non-OPEC 4 1973 1.7 W 1.5 0.9 0.8 5.2 1.9 W - 0.0 0.0 2.4 7.6 1974 4.4 W 3.3 1.9 1.3 11.6 3.3 .0 W - .0 4.1 15.6 1975 5.2 W 3.5 3.2 1.8 14.9 2.8 .0 .3 .1 - 4.1 19.0 1976 8.7 W 5.1 5.8 1.0 22.2 1.8 - .4 .2 W 3.6 25.8 1977 12.2 W 6.3 6.9 1.2 29.6 1.4 .0 .9 .3 .5 5.1 34.7 1978 11.3 W 4.9 5.8 .8 27.1 1.3 .0 1.6 .6 .9 6.2 33.3 1979 15.3 W 9.0 9.3 1.9 39.7 2.0 .0 3.3 .6 1.7 11.3 51.0 1980 16.9 W 11.4 13.6 1.5 47.5 2.2 .0 5.9 1.9 2.3 17.4 64.9 1981 15.1 .0 8.8 13.9 1.6 39.0 1.9 .0 5.8 1.6 5.0 19.5 58.5 1982 8.4 - 6.7 6.8 1.4 22.0 2.1 .0 6.7 1.3 5.5 20.2 42.2 1983

463

State of the Art of the Development and Application of Anti-Seismic Systems in Europe and Other Countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are already approximately 5,000 structures in the world, located in over 30 countries, that have been protected by seismic isolation (SI), energy dissipation (ED) and other modern seismic vibration passive control (SVPC) systems. The number of such applications is increasing everywhere more and more. It has been confirmed that, in each country, the extension of the use of the SVPC systems is conclusively influenced by earthquake experience, the availability of specific design rules and the features of those adopted. With regard to application, Japan has consolidated its worldwide leadership, with over 3,000 seismically isolated buildings, many others protected by ED systems and several isolated bridges and viaducts. Second is now the P. R. China, with 610 isolated buildings and 45 with dampers, in addition to numerous isolated bridges and viaducts. The Russian Federation is third for the number of isolated buildings, which are approximately 600. In the USA, due to the very penalizing design code in force for SI of buildings, there are at present only a few new applications of this kind (an overall number of approximately 200 was reported), although the US isolated buildings are mostly quite important, half being retrofits; on the contrary, the use of SI for bridges and viaducts and that of ED for buildings are more popular in the USA. At present (April 2008), Italy (which remains the worldwide leader as regards the application of the SVPC systems to cultural heritage and keeps a key role also as to the number and importance of bridges and viaducts protected by such systems) is at the fifth place, at least for the number of isolated buildings already open to activity: they are 51, besides others protected by other SVPC systems. There, thanks to the new national seismic code (enforced in May 2003), there has been a significant recent increase of building application and design of the SVPC systems. With regard to the use of such systems in other countries, Italy is now followed by Taiwan, France (including its Martinique island), New Zealand and Armenia. In addition, significant applications also concern: Canada in North America; Mexico in Central America; Chile and Venezuela in South America; Turkey, South Korea and Indonesia in Asia; and Greece, Cyprus, Portugal and Macedonia in Europe. More recently, the installation of the aforesaid systems also began in further countries, such as Argentina, Israel, India and Iran. Devices manufactured in Italy have been frequently used even abroad. Finally, to be stressed are the somewhat increasing use of SI in nuclear and high risk chemical plants (e.g. the liquefied natural gas tanks) and the already significant application of the SVPC systems to cultural heritage, in particular in Italy.

Martelli, Alessandro [Section on Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Risks - PROTPREV, Department of Environment, Global Changes and Sustainable Development - ACS, Italian Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment - ENEA, GLIS - GLIS-Isolation and Other Anti-Seismic Design Strategies, European Territorial Section, ASSISi - Anti-Seismic Systems International Society, Via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Forni, Massimo [ENEA-ACS-PROTPREV, GLIS and ASSISi, c/o ENEA, Via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, I-40129 Bologna (Italy)

2008-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

464

Experimental Study of Solvent Based Emulsion Injection to Enhance Heavy Oil Recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study presents the results of nano-particle and surfactant-stabilized solvent-based emulsion core flooding studies under laboratory conditions that investigate the recovery mechanisms of chemical flooding in a heavy oil reservoir. In the study, bench tests, including the phase behavior test, rheology studies and interfacial tension measurement are performed and reported for the optimum selecting method for the nano-emulsion. Specifically, nano-emulsion systems with high viscosity have been injected into sandstone cores containing Alaska North Slope West Sak heavy oil with 16 API, which was dewatered in the laboratory condition. The experiment results suggest that the potential application of this kind of emulsion flooding is a promising EOR (enhanced oil recovery) process for some heavy oil reservoirs in Alaska, Canada and Venezuela after primary production. Heavy oil lacks mobility under reservoir conditions and is not suitable for the application of the thermal recovery method because of environmental issues or technical problems. Core flooding experiments were performed on cores with varied permeabilities. Comparisons between direct injection of nano-emulsion systems and nano-emulsion injections after water flooding were conducted. Oil recovery information is obtained by material balance calculation. In this study, we try to combine the advantages of solvent, surfactant, and nano-particles together. As we know, pure miscible solvent used as an injection fluid in developing the heavy oil reservoir does have the desirable recovery feature, however it is not economical. The idea of nano-particle application in an EOR area has been recently raised by researchers who are interested in its feature-reaction catalysis-which could reduce in situ oil viscosity and generate emulsion without surfactant. Also, the nano-particle stabilized emulsions can long-distance drive oil in the reservoir, since the nano-particle size is 2-4 times smaller than the pore throat. In conclusion, the nano-emulsion flooding can be an effective enhancement for an oil recovery method for a heavy oil reservoir which is technically sensitive to the thermal recovery method.

Qiu, Fangda

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The Advanced High-Temperature Reactor (AHTR) for Producing Hydrogen to Manufacture Liquid Fuels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Conventional world oil production is expected to peak within a decade. Shortfalls in production of liquid fuels (gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel) from conventional oil sources are expected to be offset by increased production of fuels from heavy oils and tar sands that are primarily located in the Western Hemisphere (Canada, Venezuela, the United States, and Mexico). Simultaneously, there is a renewed interest in liquid fuels from biomass, such as alcohol; but, biomass production requires fertilizer. Massive quantities of hydrogen (H2) are required (1) to convert heavy oils and tar sands to liquid fuels and (2) to produce fertilizer for production of biomass that can be converted to liquid fuels. If these liquid fuels are to be used while simultaneously minimizing greenhouse emissions, nonfossil methods for the production of H2 are required. Nuclear energy can be used to produce H2. The most efficient methods to produce H2 from nuclear energy involve thermochemical cycles in which high-temperature heat (700 to 850 C) and water are converted to H2 and oxygen. The peak nuclear reactor fuel and coolant temperatures must be significantly higher than the chemical process temperatures to transport heat from the reactor core to an intermediate heat transfer loop and from the intermediate heat transfer loop to the chemical plant. The reactor temperatures required for H2 production are at the limits of practical engineering materials. A new high-temperature reactor concept is being developed for H2 and electricity production: the Advanced High-Temperature Reactor (AHTR). The fuel is a graphite-matrix, coated-particle fuel, the same type that is used in modular high-temperature gas-cooled reactors (MHTGRs). The coolant is a clean molten fluoride salt with a boiling point near 1400 C. The use of a liquid coolant, rather than helium, reduces peak reactor fuel and coolant temperatures 100 to 200 C relative to those of a MHTGR. Liquids are better heat transfer fluids than gases and thus reduce three temperature losses in the system associated with (1) heat transfer from the fuel to the reactor coolant, (2) temperature rise across the reactor core, and (3) heat transfer across the heat exchangers between the reactor and H2 production plant. Lowering the peak reactor temperatures and thus reducing the high-temperature materials requirements may make the AHTR the enabling technology for low-cost nuclear hydrogen production.

Forsberg, C.W.; Peterson, P.F.; Ott, L.

2004-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

466

Experimental and analytical study to model temperature profiles and stoichiometry in oxygen-enriched in-situ combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new combustion zone analytical model has been developed in which the combustion front temperature may be calculated. The model describes in the combustion zone, the amount of fuel burned based on reaction kinetics, the fuel concentration and produced gas composition based on combustion stoichiometry, and the amount of heat generated based on a heat balance. Six runs were performed in a 3-inch diameter, 40-inch long steel combustion tube with Jobo crude oil (9-11°API) from the Orinoco Belt in Venezuela. These runs were carried out with air containing three values of oxygen concentration, 21%, 30%, and 40%. The weight percentage of sand, clay, water, and oil in the sand mix was kept constant in all runs at 86.6%, 4.7%, 4.0%, and 4.7% respectively. Injection air rates (3 L/min) as well as the production pressure (300 psig) were kept constant in all runs. The results indicate that the calculated combustion zone temperatures and temperature profiles are in good agreement with the experimental data, for the range of oxygen concentration in the injected air. The use of oxygen-enriched air slightly increased the combustion front temperature from 440°C in a 21 mole % O2 concentration to a maximum of 475°C for air with 40 mole % O2 concentration. Oxygen-enriched air injection also increased the combustion front velocity from 13.4 cm/hr (for 21% oxygen) to 24.7 cm/hr (for 40% oxygen), thus reducing the start of oil production from 3.3 hours (for 21% oxygen) to 1.8 hours (for 40% oxygen). In the field, the use of oxygen-enriched air injection could translate into earlier oil production compared to with not-enriched air injection. The new analytical model for the combustion zone developed in this study will be beneficial to future researchers in understanding the effect of oxygen-enriched in-situ combustion and its implications on the combustion front temperature and combustion front thickness.

Rodriguez, Jose Ramon

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Further experimental studies of steam-propane injection to enhance recovery of Morichal oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1998-1999, experimental research was conducted by Goite at Texas A&M University into steam-propane injection to enhance oil recovery from the Morichal field, Venezuela. Goite's results showed that, compared with steam injection alone, steam-propane injection accelerated oil production by as much as 23 % pore volume of steam injected (cold-water equivalent). The apparatus and procedure used in this study have been improved. Steam injection rate was kept constant at 5 cc/min (cold-water equivalent) for all runs. Four thermocouples were placed along the longitudinal axis of the cell to measure temperature profiles during injection. A new, more efficient method was developed to break emulsion in the produced sample. For four of the eight runs, consistent operating conditions were obtained by use of superheated steam, cell pressure of 50 psig, and identical insulation. Eight experimental runs were made in which the propane:steam mass ratios used were 0:100 (steam only), 1:100, 2.5:100, and 5:100. A run using 5:100 nitrogen: steam mass ratio was also made. The main findings of this research (derived from four runs with consistent operating conditions) are as follows. First, the propane:steam mass ratio of 5:100 accelerated the start and peak of oil production by 20 % and 13 % pore volume steam injected (cold-water equivalent), compared to steam injection alone. Second, oil recoveries for practical purposes are similar in all cases, 63 % - 70 % OOIP if average high and low values are taken. Third, the start of production is practically the same for 0:100 and 1:100 propane:steam ratio and for 5:100 nitrogen: steam ratio. In the latter case, the production peak is higher due to additional drive from nitrogen injection. Fourth, oil production acceleration in the 5:100 propane:steam case is probably caused by dry distillation in which light fractions of the oil partition into and are carried by the injected propane to lower the viscosity of the oil ahead of the steam front. Last, convective heat transfer at any of these low (5:100) ratios appears to be of secondary importance.

Ferguson,Mark Anthony

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Large River Food Webs: Influence of Nutrients, Turbidity, and Flow, and Implications for Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Humans impact rivers in many ways that modify ecological processes yielding ecosystem services. In order to mitigate anthropogenic impacts, scientists are challenged to understand interactions among physicochemical factors affecting large river food webs. An understanding of socioeconomic factors also is critical for ecosystem management. In this dissertation, I explore spatiotemporal patterns in floodplain river food webs and political barriers to management of environmental flows, an important factor influencing river ecology. In Chapter II, I reviewed the scientific literature to test conceptual models of river food webs and predictions of environmental factors that might produce variation in basal production sources supporting consumer biomass. My review indicates that algae are the predominant production source for large rivers worldwide, but consumers assimilate C3 plants in rivers 1) with high sediment loads and low transparency during high flow pulses, 2) with high dissolved organic matter concentrations, and 3) following periods of high discharge or leaf litter fall that increase the amount of terrestrial material in the particulate organic matter pool. In Chapter III, I descrobe field research conducted to examine relationships among hydrology, nutrient concentrations, turbidity, and algal primary production and biomass in the littoral zone of five rivers in Texas, Peru, and Venezuela differing in physicochemical conditions. I used stable isotope signatures to estimate contributions of algal-versus terrestrial-based production sources to consumers during different hydrologic periods. My research indicates that during flow pulses in floodplain rivers, a decrease in algal biomass and productivity, combined with increased inputs of terrestrial organic matter, can result in increased terrestrial support of metazoan consumers in the aquatic food web. In 2007, Texas Senate Bill 3 directed that environmental flow recommendations be developed for river basins. Despite emphasis on use of the "best available science" to develop environmental flow regimes and "stakeholder involvement" to address needs of all water users, for the first two basins to complete the SB3 process, final environmental flow rules did not mimic a natural flow regime. In Chapter IV, I reviewed this process, concluding that incentives for river authorities to increase compromise with diverse stakeholders should result in more sustainable management of freshwater.

Roach, Katherine

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Species Assemblage Structure and Ecomorphological Convergence in Perciform Fishes (Cichlidae and Centrarchidae) in Tropical and Temperate Floodplain Rivers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, I used two independent perciform lineages (Neotropical Cichlidae and Nearctic Centrarchidae) to examine patterns of species richness and species coexistence a two spatial scales (e.g., macrohabitat and mesohabitat) and to examine inter-faunal patterns of ecomorphological convergence. The study was conducted during the low-water periods in four lowland rivers: the Cinaruco in Venezuela, the Tambopata in Peru, and the Neches and the Brazos rivers in Texas (USA). These rivers were chosen because of their similar characteristics, in terms of geomorphology, sediments, and water quality. The Cinaruco River and the Neches River have clear slightly-stained waters, whereas the Tambopata and the Brazos River have turbid waters with high loads of suspended sediments. I used morphological approaches as a surrogate to investigate patterns of species distribution in niche space, and predict patterns of species richness at different spatial scales. Despite high variation in the number of species in these two perciform assemblages, morphological analysis based on the means and standard deviations of nearest neighbor distance (NND) and mean distance to centroid (CD) revealed similar trends of morphological similarity in relation to species richness. Comparison of observed versus randomized data mesohabitat scale for all four rivers generally supported the niche expansion model of response to increase in species richness. At the scale of mesohabitats within rivers, most species assemblages appear to be organized by competitive interactions in accordance with the niche expansion model. The tropical species-rich Cinaruco River revealed particularly strong support for the niche expansion model. Intercontinental comparison of functional morphology and diets based on analysis of stomach contents and stable isotope ratios indicated broad morphological and dietary overlap between cichlid and centrarchid assemblages. For the most part, morphological ordinations showed that the two groups have diversified in a parallel manner within the confines of ram-suction modes of prey ingestion. This study concludes that even though differences are observed in historical and stochastic factors structuring fish assemblages in different geographic regions, consistent patterns of convergence at the species and assemblage levels results from natural selection under similar environmental conditions.

Montana, Carmen 1976-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Examining new fuel economy standards for the United States.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After decades of futile attempts to increase U.S. fuel economy standards for passenger cars, which have remained unchanged since enactment of the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards in Title V of the 1975 Energy Policy Conservation Act, it seems increasingly likely that new and tougher standards will be enacted in the near future - especially after the Senate's 21 June passage of energy efficiency bill H.R. 6. As this magazine went to press, the bill, which calls for a 40 percent increase in vehicle fuel economy by 2020 among other efficiency and alternative energy goals, was headed to the House of Representatives for more debate. Congress has seen proposals like this since the 1980s, but this is the first time that one of them has passed in the Senate. The Bush administration has also weighed in with a proposal to increase new vehicle fuel economy by 4 percent per year from 2011 to 2017, and the administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has asked Congress to grant the Secretary of Transportation the authority to restructure and increase CAFE standards for cars, a power denied by the original CAFE legislation. A confluence of events has led to this change of political climate, including: the failure of world oil production and refining capacity to keep pace with rapidly growing demand, especially from China and other emerging economies, which has led to the highest oil prices since the 1980s and growing fears that world production of conventional oil may be close to its peak and rapid decline; the escalating influence of oil resources on geopolitics as China seeks to guarantee its future access to supplies, enhanced revenues from the higher prices, which prop up authoritarian regimes in Iran, Venezuela, Russia, and elsewhere and allow them increasing freedom of action; the enhancement of the role of climate change in political decision making by new reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), with much strengthened language about the probability and severity of climate change and man's influence on it, and a recent Supreme Court decision rejecting the Environmental Protection Agency's assertion that it has no authority to regulate greenhouse gas emissions. New fuel economy standards will represent an ambitious and expensive undertaking on the part of the automobile industry and the nation, and proposals for new standards deserve careful congressional and public scrutiny.

Plotkin, S. E.; Energy Systems

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

U.S. Energy Flow -- 1995  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in 1995 increased slightly for the fifth year in a row (from 89 to 91 quadrillion [1015Btu). U.S. economic activity slowed from the fast-paced recovery of 1994, even with the continued low unemployment rates and low inflation rates. The annual increase in U.S. real GDP dropped to 4.6% from 1994?s increase of 5.8%. Energy consumption in all major end-use sectors surpassed the record-breaking highs achieved in 1994, with the largest gains (2.5%) occurring in the residential/commercial sector. Crude oil imports decreased for the first time this decade. There was also a decline in domestic oil production. Venezuela replaced Saudi Arabia as the principal supplier of imported oil. Imports of natural gas, mainly from Canada, continued to increase. The demand for natural gas reached a level not seen since the peak levels of the early 1970s and the demand was met by a slight increase in both natural gas production and imports. Electric utilities had the largest percentage increase of n.atural gas consumption, a climb of 7% above 1994 levels. Although coal production decreased, coal exports continued to make a comeback after 3 years of decline. Coal once again become the primary U.S. energy export. Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) consists of two phases. Phase I (in effect as of January 1, 1995) set emission restrictions on 110 mostly coal-burning plants in the eastern and midwestem United States. Phase II, planned to begin in the year 2000, places additional emission restrictions on about 1,000 electric plants. As of January 1, 1995, the reformulated gasoline program, also part of the CAAA90, was finally initiated. As a result, this cleaner-burning fuel was made available in areas of the United States that failed to meet the Environmental Protection Agency? s (EPA?s) ozone standards. In 1995, reformulated gasoline represented around 28% of total gasoline sales in the United States. The last commercial nuclear power plant under construction in the United States came on line in 1995. The Tennessee Valley Authority? s (TVA) Watts Bar-l received a low-power operating license from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The construction permit was granted in 1972. Also, TVA canceled plans to complete construction of three other nuclear plants. In 1995, federal and state governments took steps to deregulate and restructure the electric power industry. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) unanimously approved a proposal to require utilities to open their electric transmission system to competition from wholesale electricity suppliers. California has been at the forefront in the restructuring of the electric utility industry. Plans authorized by the California Public Utility Commission prepare for a free market in electricity to be established by 1998. In 1990, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began reporting statistics on renewable energy consumption. The types and amounts of renewable energy consumed vary by end-use sector, electric utilities and the industrial sector being the primary consumers since 1990. Renewable energy provided 6.83 quads (7.6I) of the total energy consumed in the United States in 1995, compared to 7.1% in 1994. Increasing concern over the emission of greenhouse gases has resulted in exhaustive analysis of U.S. carbon emissions from energy use. Emissions in the early 1990s have already exceeded those projected by the Clinton Administration? s Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) released in 1994 that was developed to stabilize U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2000.

Miller, H.; Mui, N.; Pasternak, A.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Running Out of and Into Oil: Analyzing Global Oil Depletion and Transition Through 2050  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents a risk analysis of world conventional oil resource production, depletion, expansion, and a possible transition to unconventional oil resources such as oil sands, heavy oil and shale oil over the period 2000 to 2050. Risk analysis uses Monte Carlo simulation methods to produce a probability distribution of outcomes rather than a single value. Probability distributions are produced for the year in which conventional oil production peaks for the world as a whole and the year of peak production from regions outside the Middle East. Recent estimates of world oil resources by the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), the World Energy Council (WEC) and Dr. C. Campbell provide alternative views of the extent of ultimate world oil resources. A model of oil resource depletion and expansion for twelve world regions is combined with a market equilibrium model of conventional and unconventional oil supply and demand to create a World Energy Scenarios Model (WESM). The model does not make use of Hubbert curves but instead relies on target reserve-to-production ratios to determine when regional output will begin to decline. The authors believe that their analysis has a bias toward optimism about oil resource availability because it does not attempt to incorporate political or environmental constraints on production, nor does it explicitly include geologic constraints on production rates. Global energy scenarios created by IIASA and WEC provide the context for the risk analysis. Key variables such as the quantity of undiscovered oil and rates of technological progress are treated as probability distributions, rather than constants. Analyses based on the USGS and IIASA resource assessments indicate that conventional oil production outside the Middle East is likely to peak sometime between 2010 and 2030. The most important determinants of the date are the quantity of undiscovered oil, the rate at which unconventional oil production can be expanded, and the rate of growth of reserves and enhanced recovery. Analysis based on data produced by Campbell indicates that the peak of non-Middle East production will occur before 2010. For total world conventional oil production, the results indicate a peak somewhere between 2020 and 2050. Key determinants of the peak in world oil production are the rate at which the Middle East region expands its output and the minimum reserves-to-production ratios producers will tolerate. Once world conventional oil production peaks, first oil sands and heavy oil from Canada, Venezuela and Russia, and later some other source such as shale oil from the United States must expand if total world oil consumption is to continue to increase. Alternative sources of liquid hydrocarbon fuels, such as coal or natural gas are also possible resources but not considered in this analysis nor is the possibility of transition to a hydrogen economy. These limitations were adopted to simplify the transition analysis. Inspection of the paths of conventional oil production indicates that even if world oil production does not peak before 2020, output of conventional oil is likely to increase at a substantially slower rate after that date. The implication is that there will have to be increased production of unconventional oil after that date if world petroleum consumption is to grow.

Greene, D.L.

2003-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

473

Transformation of Resources to Reserves: Next Generation Heavy-Oil Recovery Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This final report and technical progress report describes work performed from October 1, 2004 through September 30, 2007 for the project 'Transformation of Resources to Reserves: Next Generation Heavy Oil Recovery Techniques', DE-FC26-04NT15526. Critical year 3 activities of this project were not undertaken because of reduced funding to the DOE Oil Program despite timely submission of a continuation package and progress on year 1 and 2 subtasks. A small amount of carried-over funds were used during June-August 2007 to complete some work in the area of foamed-gas mobility control. Completion of Year 3 activities and tasks would have led to a more thorough completion of the project and attainment of project goals. This progress report serves as a summary of activities and accomplishments for years 1 and 2. Experiments, theory development, and numerical modeling were employed to elucidate heavy-oil production mechanisms that provide the technical foundations for producing efficiently the abundant, discovered heavy-oil resources of the U.S. that are not accessible with current technology and recovery techniques. Work fell into two task areas: cold production of heavy oils and thermal recovery. Despite the emerging critical importance of the waterflooding of viscous oil in cold environments, work in this area was never sanctioned under this project. It is envisioned that heavy oil production is impacted by development of an understanding of the reservoir and reservoir fluid conditions leading to so-called foamy oil behavior, i.e, heavy-oil solution gas drive. This understanding should allow primary, cold production of heavy and viscous oils to be optimized. Accordingly, we evaluated the oil-phase chemistry of crude oil samples from Venezuela that give effective production by the heavy-oil solution gas drive mechanism. Laboratory-scale experiments show that recovery correlates with asphaltene contents as well as the so-called acid number (AN) and base number (BN) of the crude oil. A significant number of laboratory-scale tests were made to evaluate the solution gas drive potential of West Sak (AK) viscous oil. The West Sak sample has a low acid number, low asphaltene content, and does not appear foamy under laboratory conditions. Tests show primary recovery of about 22% of the original oil in place under a variety of conditions. The acid number of other Alaskan North Slope samples tests is greater, indicating a greater potential for recovery by heavy-oil solution gas drive. Effective cold production leads to reservoir pressure depletion that eases the implementation of thermal recovery processes. When viewed from a reservoir perspective, thermal recovery is the enhanced recovery method of choice for viscous and heavy oils because of the significant viscosity reduction that accompanies the heating of oil. One significant issue accompanying thermal recovery in cold environments is wellbore heat losses. Initial work on thermal recovery found that a technology base for delivering steam, other hot fluids, and electrical heat through cold subsurface environments, such as permafrost, was in place. No commercially available technologies are available, however. Nevertheless, the enabling technology of superinsulated wells appears to be realized. Thermal subtasks focused on a suite of enhanced recovery options tailored to various reservoir conditions. Generally, electrothermal, conventional steam-based, and thermal gravity drainage enhanced oil recovery techniques appear to be applicable to 'prime' Ugnu reservoir conditions to the extent that reservoir architecture and fluid conditions are modeled faithfully here. The extent of reservoir layering, vertical communication, and subsurface steam distribution are important factors affecting recovery. Distribution of steam throughout reservoir volume is a significant issue facing thermal recovery. Various activities addressed aspects of steam emplacement. Notably, hydraulic fracturing of horizontal steam injection wells and implementation of steam trap control that limits steam entry into hor

Stanford University; Department of Energy Resources Engineering Green Earth Sciences

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

474

REAL-TIME TRACER MONITORING OF RESERVOIR STIMULATION PROCEDURES VIA ELECTRONIC WIRELINE AND TELEMETRY DATA TRANSMISSION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finalized Phase 2-3 project work has field-proven two separate real-time reservoir processes that were co-developed via funding by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Both technologies are presently patented in the United States and select foreign markets; a downhole-commingled reservoir stimulation procedure and a real-time tracer-logged fracturing diagnostic system. Phase 2 and early Phase 3 project work included the research, development and well testing of a U.S. patented gamma tracer fracturing diagnostic system. This stimulation logging process was successfully field-demonstrated; real-time tracer measurement of fracture height while fracturing was accomplished and proven technically possible. However, after the initial well tests, there were several licensing issues that developed between service providers that restricted and minimized Realtimezone's (RTZ) ability to field-test the real-time gamma diagnostic system as was originally outlined for this project. Said restrictions were encountered after when one major provider agreed to license their gamma logging tools to another. Both of these companies previously promised contributory support toward Realtimezone's DE-FC26-99FT40129 project work, however, actual support was less than desired when newly-licensed wireline gamma logging tools from one company were converted by the other from electric wireline into slickline, batter-powered ''memory'' tools for post-stimulation logging purposes. Unfortunately, the converted post-fracture measurement memory tools have no applications in experimentally monitoring real-time movement of tracers in the reservoir concurrent with the fracturing treatment. RTZ subsequently worked with other tracer gamma-logging tool companies for basic gamma logging services, but with lessened results due to lack of multiple-isotope detection capability. In addition to real-time logging system development and well testing, final Phase 2 and Phase 3 project work included the development of a real-time reservoir stimulation procedure, which was successfully field-demonstrated and is presently patented in the U.S. and select foreign countries, including Venezuela, Brazil and Canada. Said patents are co-owned by RTZ and the National Energy Technology Lab (NETL). In 2002, Realtimezone and the NETL licensed said patents to Halliburton Energy Services (HES). Additional licensing agreements (LA) are anticipated with other service industry companies in 2005. Final Phase 3 work has led to commercial applications of the real-time reservoir stimulation procedure. Four successfully downhole-mixed well tests were conducted with commercially expected production results. The most recent, fourth field test was a downhole-mixed stimulated well completed in June, 2004, which currently produces 11 BOPD with 90 barrels of water per day. Conducted Phase 2 and Phase 3 field-test work to date has resulted in the fine-tuning of a real-time enhanced stimulation system that will significantly increase future petroleum well recoveries in the United States and foreign petroleum fields, both onshore and offshore, and in vertical and horizontal wells.

George L. Scott III

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

476

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z