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1

GRR/Section 7-FD-a - Utilization Application Process | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FD-a - Utilization Application Process FD-a - Utilization Application Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 7-FD-a - Utilization Application Process 07-FD-a - PlantCommissioning.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Bureau of Land Management United States Department of Defense United States Department of Energy Bureau of Indian Affairs Regulations & Policies National Environmental Policy Act 43 CRF 3000.12 43 CFR 3272 43 CFR 3272.11 43 CFR 3273 43 CFR 3273.15 43 CFR 3273.19 43 CFR 3274 43 CFR 3275 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 07-FD-a - PlantCommissioning.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

2

Proposal to utilize fusion reactor energy sources for chemical process applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We propose to study the utilization of high-temperature (approximately 2000-2500K) process heat from fusion reactors for large-scale chemical process applications. Of particular interest is the decomposition reaction, CO/sub 2/ ..-->.. CO + /sup 1///sub 2/O/sub 2/, which at 2500K should yield approximately 60 percent conversion to CO if O/sub 2/ is partially removed through an oxide membrane. Hydrogen can be derived from CO at lower temperatures by reacting CO with steam, and C can also be derived from CO by a disproportionation into C and CO/sub 2/ at approximately 1000K. These chemicals, CO, H/sub 2/, and C, form the basis for a multitude of non-electrical energy applications in the areas of transportation, industrial processes, and residential and commercial uses. In addition to the CO/sub 2/ decomposition process, we propose to explore a variety of ideas and evaluate them for scientific and economic merit. A follow-on research and development program will be proposed if the ideas prove promising.

Krikorian, O. H.

1977-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

3

Survey of Instrumentation and Control Practices in the Process Industries for Application to the Power Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With impending deregulation and ever-tightening environmental constraints, utilities are increasing their emphasis on maximizing operating efficiency and reducing maintenance and operational costs. It is likely that utilities can use the capabilities of modern control and information management systems more effectively than they currently do. This report documents lessons learned over many years by experts in the process industries that might benefit the utility industry as it transitions to a competitiv...

1999-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

4

Process Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...flash-welding applications include: Chain links Transmission bands Automotive flywheel ring gears Strips that are joined for continuous processing lines Wire and bar drawing operations for continuous stamping press

5

Electrochemical Capacitors for Utility Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrochemical capacitors have over 100 times the energy density of conventional electrolytic capacitors, while retaining the high-power, high-life-cycle properties of conventional capacitors. This report presents a summary of the technical trends, commercialization status, and feasibility of electrochemical capacitor (ECC) technology in utility applications.

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

6

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 7 Soybean Meal Processing and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 7 Soybean Meal Processing and Utilization Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 7 Soybean Meal Processing and Util

7

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This new Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization is intended to provide a single source of practical information on the subject to an international audience. Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Processing agricultura

8

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and UtilizationChapter 6 Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 6 Processing Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 6 Processing from ...

9

* Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Volume 4 in the AOCS Monograph Series on Oilseeds. * Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Processing agricultural algae algal analytical aocs articles biomass biotechnology By-product Utilization courses detergents division division

10

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 19 Soy Protein Products, Processing, and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 19 Soy Protein Products, Processing, and Utilization Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nu

11

Postdoc Application Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Application Process Postdoc Application Process Point your career towards LANL: work with the best minds on the planet in an inclusive environment that is rich in...

12

PRELIMINARY UTILITY SERVICE CONNECTION APPLICATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SERVICES: WATER, SANITARY, STORM, GAS, and DISTRICT HEATING Part 3 (a). Water Distribution. Water service.5.7 and Section 02730, Clause 2.5.6). #12;Page 2 of 2 Revised 4 October 2011 Part 3 (c). Gas and District Heating) and Section (TBA-District Heating ­ contact UBC Utilities. · Fax or mail request to UBC Utilities (address

Vellend, Mark

13

IMPROVEMENT OF WEAR COMPONENT'S PERFORMANCE BY UTILIZING ADVANCED MATERIALS AND NEW MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES: CASTCON PROCESS FOR MINING APPLICATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project has seen quite a bit of activity in this quarter, highlighted by the fabrication of a bit insert for field testing. In addition: (1) Several alternative process techniques were attempted to prevent bloating, cracking and delamination of FM material that occurs during binder burnout. The approaches included fabrication of FM material by three pass extrusion and warm isostatic pressing of green material, slow and confined burnouts as well as, burnout of thin plate instead of rod stock. Happily, a confined burnout followed by HIPing, produced FM button inserts without bloating or delamination. (2) Four rock bit inserts were produced from FM material and are ready for use on blast hole bits in the field. (3) Six of the project participants from Michigan Technological University, Advanced Ceramic Manufacturing, and The Robbins Group visited the Superior Rock Bit Company in Minnesota and planned the field test of FM inserts.

Xiaodi Huang; Richard Gertsch

2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

14

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 10 Meal Nutrition and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 10 Meal Nutrition and Utilization Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 10 Meal Nutrition and Utilization,

15

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This comprehensive new soybean reference book, a volume from the AOCS Monograph Series on Oilseeds, disseminates key soybean oilseed information. Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry P

16

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 8 Soybean Protein Processing and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 8 Soybean Protein Processing and Utilization Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press C3E1068B56CFF4FBE6B4F9A4B1F130E7 AOCS Press Downloadable pd

17

Wind energy systems. Application to regional utilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study developed a generic planning process that utilities can use to determine the feasibility of utilizing WECS (Wind Energy Conversion Systems) as part of their future mix of equipment. While this is primarily an economic process, other questions dealing with WECS availability, capacity credit, operating reserve, performance of WECS arrays, etc., had to be addressed. The approach was to establish the worth, or breakeven value, of WECS to the utility and to determine the impact that WECS additions would have on the utilities mix of conventional source.

Not Available

1979-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and UtilizationChapter 9 Oil Nutrition and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 9 Oil Nutrition and Utilization Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 9 Oil Nutrition and Utilization from ...

19

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 20 Soybean Oil Products Utilization: Shortenings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 20 Soybean Oil Products Utilization: Shortenings Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 20 Soybean Oil Products Util

20

Computer Applications & Process Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

[valSummaryfrmSearchResults]. Item 1. Topic: Computer Applications & Process Control. Sort by: Title, Author, Publisher, Product Type, In Stock, Date Published...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Cascade Multilevel Inverters for Utility Applications  

SciTech Connect

Cascade multilevel inverters have been developed by the authors for utility applications. A cascade M-level inverter consists of (M-1)/2 H- bridges in which each bridge has its own separate dc source. The new inverter: (1) can generate almost sinusoidal waveform voltage while only switching one time per fundamental cycle, (2) can eliminate transformers of multipulse inverters used in conventional utility interfaces and static var compensators, and (3) makes possible direct parallel or series connection to medium- and high-voltage power systems without any transformers. In other words, the cascade inverter is much more efficient and suitable for utility applications than traditional multipulse and pulse width modulation (PWM) inverters. The authors have experimentally demonstrated the superiority of the new inverter for reactive power (var) and harmonic compensation. This paper will summarize features,feasibility, and control schemes of the cascade inverter for utility applications including utility interface of renewable energy, voltage regulation, var compensation, and harmonic filtering in power systems.Analytical, simulated, and experimental results demonstrate the superiority of the new inverters.

Peng, F.Z., McKeever, J.W., Adams, D.J.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

22

Utility applications program. Annual report for 1981  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the Utility Applications Program is to provide information and assistance to interested utilities on central station energy storage systems. Compressed air and underground pumped hydroelectric energy storage are the primary technical focus. Smaller utilities are the primary targets of this program, as they may not have resources to track and utilize new energy conservation developments. The program, initiated during this year-long period, consists of a series of tasks integrating and supporting energy storage implementation. Program management and technical coordination activities monitor the wide range of research ongoing both under government support and in industry and provide a locus for dissemination of results. Recently completed DOE demonstration studies provide the central data base and the DOE CAES and UPH Technology Program activities provide another major resource. In addition a UPH preliminary feasibility study in coorination with Central Vermont Public Servie (CVPS), a Northeast utility, was carried out. The major program activity this period was a comprehensive technology assessment and environmental siting study, performed in coordination with the Soyland Power Cooperative in Decatur, Illinois. The reports from this work established solid siting precedents for CAES application in the US and jointly assisted the utility in assembling the required baseline information for ongoing technical and financial development of the first US compressed air energy storage facility.

Doherty, T.J.; Loscutoff, W.V.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Laser Application for Material Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... Advanced Materials, Processes and Applications for Additive Manufacturing: Laser Application for Material Processing Program Organizers:...

24

Utilities Group Aids in Restructuring Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Utilities Group Aids in Restructuring Process Researchers at the Energy Analysis Program's (EAP) Utility Planning and Policy (UPP) Group are helping ensure that energy efficiency, renewable energy, and a host of other important issues are not overlooked as California and the nation restructure the electric power industry. The UPP staff is analyzing the potential impact of restructuring on efficiency and renewables, modeling a variety of potential restructuring policies, and assisting federal customers seeking to better understand emerging electricity markets. UPP Group Leader Chuck Goldman is participating in discussions on how to distribute surcharge funds set aside for energy efficiency in California, and Acting EAP Head Stephen Wiel is assisting state lawmakers and regulators by overseeing the National Council on

25

Methanation process utilizing split cold gas recycle  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In the methanation of feed gas comprising carbon monoxide and hydrogen in multiple stages, the feed gas, cold recycle gas and hot product gas is mixed in such proportions that the mixture is at a temperature sufficiently high to avoid carbonyl formation and to initiate the reaction and, so that upon complete reaction of the carbon monoxide and hydrogen, an excessive adiabatic temperature will not be reached. Catalyst damage by high or low temperatures is thereby avoided with a process that utilizes extraordinarily low recycle ratios and a minimum of investment in operating costs.

Tajbl, Daniel G. (Evanston, IL); Lee, Bernard S. (Lincolnwood, IL); Schora, Jr., Frank C. (Palatine, IL); Lam, Henry W. (Rye, NY)

1976-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

26

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 17 Soybean Oil Processing Byproducts and Their Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 17 Soybean Oil Processing Byproducts and Their Utilization Processing eChapters Processing 3C7A766EAA5954C5254E686584271014 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf ...

27

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 10 Degumming and Lecithin Production and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 10 Degumming and Lecithin Production and Utilization Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 10 Degumming and Lecit

28

Current status, research needs, and opportunities in applications of surface processing to transportation and utilities technologies. Proceedings of a December 1991 workshop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Goal of surface processing is to develop innovative methods of surface modification and characterization for optimum performance and environmental protection for cost-effective operational lifetimes of systems, materials, and components used in transportation and utilities. These proceedings document the principal discussions and conclusions reached at the workshop; they document chapters about the current status of surface characterization with focus on composition, structure, bonding, and atomic-scale topography of surfaces. Also documented are chapters on the current status of surface modification techniques: electrochemical, plasma-aided, reactive and nonreactive physical vapor deposition, sol-gel coatings, high-energy ion implantation, ion-assisted deposition, organized molecular assemblies, solar energy. Brief chapters in the appendices document basic research in surface science by NSF, Air Force, and DOE. Participants at the workshop were invited to serve on 10 working groups. Separate abstracts were prepared for the data base where appropriate.

Czanderna, A.W.; Landgrebe, A.R. [eds.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) - List of Covered Electric Utilities. Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA)...

30

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 7 Lipids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 7 Lipids Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing Press

31

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 4 Agronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 4 Agronomy Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 4 Agronomy from

32

INNOVATIVE MIOR PROCESS UTILIZING INDIGENOUS RESERVOIR CONSTITUENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research program was directed at improving the knowledge of reservoir ecology and developing practical microbial solutions and technologies for improving oil production. The goal was to identify and utilize indigenous microbial populations which can produce beneficial metabolic products and develop a methodology to stimulate those select microbes with nutrient amendments to increase oil recovery. This microbial technology has the capability of producing multiple oil-releasing agents. Experimental laboratory work in model sandpack cores was conducted using microbial cultures isolated from produced water samples. Comparative laboratory studies demonstrating in situ production of microbial products as oil recovery agents were conducted in sand packs with natural field waters using cultures and conditions representative of oil reservoirs. Increased oil recovery in multiple model sandpack systems was achieved and the technology and results were verified by successful field studies. Direct application of the research results has lead to the development of a feasible, practical, successful, and cost-effective technology which increases oil recovery. This technology is now being commercialized and applied in numerous field projects to increase oil recovery. Two field applications of the developed technology reported production increases of 21% and 24% in oil recovery.

D.O. Hitzman; A.K. Stepp; D.M. Dennis; L.R. Graumann

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 5 Economics of Soybean Production, Marketing, and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 5 Economics of Soybean Production, Marketing, and Utilization Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology He

34

PILOTING UTILITY MODELING APPLICATIONS (PUMA) UTILITY BRIEFING PAPERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.g., wholesale, has members, wholesale with retail), number of customers, description of supply sources, and solid waste utilities, as well as engineering and customer services. SPU's Director reports to the Mayor wholesale customers created the Seattle Water Supply Operating Board. The board works on policy

35

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 24 Soybean Processing Quality Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 24 Soybean Processing Quality Control Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 24 Soybean Processing Quality Control from ...

36

National need for utilizing nuclear energy for process heat generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Nuclear reactors are potential sources for generating process heat, and their applications for such use economically competitive. They help satisfy national needs by helping conserve and extend oil and natural gas resources, thus reducing energy imports and easing future international energy concerns. Several reactor types can be utilized for generating nuclear process heat; those considered here are light water reactors (LWRs), heavy water reactors (HWRs), gas-cooled reactors (GCRs), and liquid metal reactors (LMRs). LWRs and HWRs can generate process heat up to 280/sup 0/C, LMRs up to 540/sup 0/C, and GCRs up to 950/sup 0/C. Based on the studies considered here, the estimated process heat markets and the associated energy markets which would be supplied by the various reactor types are summarized.

Gambill, W.R.; Kasten, P.R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Enhanced carbon monoxide utilization in methanation process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbon monoxide - containing gas streams are passed over a catalyst to deposit a surface layer of active surface carbon thereon essentially without the formation of inactive coke. The active carbon is subsequently reacted with steam or hydrogen to form methane. Surprisingly, hydrogen and water vapor present in the feed gas do not adversely affect CO utilization significantly, and such hydrogen actually results in a significant increase in CO utilization.

Elek, Louis F. (Peekskill, NY); Frost, Albert C. (Congers, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 11 Neutralization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 11 Neutralization Processing eChapters Processing 81943467C17B3A3777C6CE0F66BC8C03 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 11 Neutralization ...

39

Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) -List of Covered Electric Utilities - 2006 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978...

40

Uses and Applications of Climate Forecasts for Power Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The uses and potential applications of climate forecasts for electric and gas utilities were assessed 1) to discern needs for improving climate forecasts and guiding future research, and 2) to assist utilities in making wise use of forecasts. In-...

Stanley A. Changnon; Joyce M. Changnon; David Changnon

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Applications of B-Lactones: Utility of Spiroepoxy-B-Lactones and Development of a Double Diastereoselective Nucleophile Catalyzed, Aldol-Lactonization Process Leading to !-Lactone Fused Carbocycles and Tetrahydrofurans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural products continue to inspire synthetic chemists to develop novel methodologies to provide efficient and expedient syntheses of the target molecules. Haterumalide NA aroused our interest and prompted development of four differing methodologies. Three of the strategies pursued involved use of B-lactone scaffolds as intermediates. Extensions of the nucleophile catalyzed, aldol-lactonization (NCAL) reaction were also pursued and targeted toward alternative natural product targets. The reactivity of the unexpectedly stable strained spirocycle, spiroepoxy-B- lactone, was explored. Spiroepoxy-B-lactones exhibited a wide range of reactivity, but largely rearranged to tetronic acids. The desired reaction manifold remained inaccessible and led to application of the NCAL process to tetrahydrofuran-fused B-lactones. Several tetrahydrofuran-fused B-lactones were prepared, which displayed low diastereoselectivity. The diastereoselectivity could be somewhat improved in a double diastereoselective NCAL process with varied solvent systems, yet the carbocyclic analogues gave much more promising results. The use of carbocycle-fused !-lactones ultimately culminated in a double diastereoselective NCAL process, and overall led to improvements in diastereoselectivities from 1:1-2 up to >19:1. Further expansion of the substrate scope for the NCAL process was studied for application to bridged tricyclic B- lactones, access to carbocycle-fused y-lactones, and towards development of a dynamic kinetic resolution NCAL process. With our interest aimed at haterumalide NA, a modified Negishi cross coupling between zincates and dichloroolefins was also revisited. The stringent anhydrous reaction conditions led to reexamination of initial leads, which provided user-friendly anhydrous conditions by utilizing commercially available anhydrous solvent. However, application was implemented solely to a simplified model system.

Morris, Kay A.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Conceptual Process Plant Utility Schemes with Hybrid Energy System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Use of Alternative energy Production from sun and wind power with storage can become an integral part of a process plant utility. This will facilitate reduced...

43

Transmission Planning Process and Opportunities for Utility-Scale...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning Process and Opportunities for Utility-Scale Solar Engagement within the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) Introduction Market barriers unrelated to...

44

Thermal energy storage in utility-scale applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Progran focuses on developing TES for daily cycling (diurnal storage), annual cycling (seasonal storage), and utility-scale applications [utility thermal energy storage (UTES)]. TES technology can be used in a new or an existing power generation facility to increase its efficiency and promote the use of this technology within the utility and the industrial sectors. The UTES project has included studies of both heat and cool storage systems for different, utility-scale applications. For example, one study showed that a molten salt TES system can substantially reduce the cost of coal-fired peak and intermediate load power production in an integrated gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) plant. The levelized energy cost (LEC) of an IGCC/TES plant can be reduced by as much as 20% over the LEC of a conventional IGCC plant. This concept produces lower-cost power than the natural-gas-fired alternative if significant escalation rates in the fuel price are assumed. In another study, an oil/rock diurnal TES system when integrated with a simple gas turbine cogeneration system was shown to produce on-peak power,for $0.045 to $0.06/kWh while supplying a 24-hour process steam load. The molten salt storage system was found to be less suitable for simple as well as combined-cycle cogeneration applications. However, in both the IGCC and the cogeneration plant applications, advanced TES concepts could substantially improve performance and economic benefits. An evaluation of TES options for precooling gas turbine inlet air showed that an ice storage system could be used to effectively increase the peak generating capacity of gas turbines when operating in hot ambient conditions.

Somasundaram, S.; Drost, M.K.; Brown, D.R.; Antoniak, Z.I.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility & Commercial Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations The U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems Program (ESS) held an annual peer review on September 27, 2007 in San Francisco, CA. Eighteen presentations were divided into categories; those related to utility, commercial, and rail applications of advanced energy storage systems are below. Other presentation categories were: Economics - Benefit Studies and Environment Benefit Studies International Energy Storage Programs Power Electronics Innovations in Energy Storage Systems ESS 2007 Peer Review - Application of Large-Scale ESS in AEP - Ali Nourai, AEP.pdf ESS 2007 Peer Review - Iowa Stored Energy Park - Kent Holst, ISEP.pdf

46

Effectively utilizing project, product and process knowledge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Improving project management, product development and engineering processes is for many companies crucial to survive in a fast changing environment. However, these activities are rarely integrated well due to the diversity of stakeholders with individual ... Keywords: CMMI, KM, PLM, Process improvement, Project management

Christof Ebert; Jozef De Man

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Methods for and products of processing nanostructure nitride, carbonitride and oxycarbonitride electrode power materials by utilizing sol gel technology for supercapacitor applications  

SciTech Connect

Metal nitride, carbonitride, and oxycarbonitride powder with high surface area (up to 150 m.sup.2 /g) is prepared by using sol-gel process. The metal organic precursor, alkoxides or amides, is synthesized firstly. The metal organic precursor is modified by using unhydrolyzable organic ligands or templates. A wet gel is formed then by hydrolysis and condensation process. The solvent in the wet gel is then be removed supercritically to form porous amorphous hydroxide. This porous hydroxide materials is sintered to 725.degree. C. under the ammonia flow and porous nitride powder is formed. The other way to obtain high surface area nitride, carbonitride, and oxycarbonitride powder is to pyrolyze polymerized templated metal amides aerogel in an inert atmosphere. The electrochemical capacitors are prepared by using sol-gel prepared nitride, carbonitride, and oxycarbonitride powder. Two methods are used to assemble the capacitors. Electrode is formed either by pressing the mixture of nitride powder and binder to a foil, or by depositing electrode coating onto metal current collector. The binder or coating is converted into a continuous network of electrode material after thermal treatment to provide enhanced energy and power density. Liquid electrolyte is soaked into porous electrode. The electrochemical capacitor assembly further has a porous separator layer between two electrodes/electrolyte and forming a unit cell.

Huang, Yuhong (West Hills, CA); Wei, Oiang (West Hills, CA); Chu, Chung-tse (Chatsworth, CA); Zheng, Haixing (Oak Park, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Utilization of geothermal heat in tropical fruit-drying process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The power plant utilizes only the steam portion of the HGP-A well production. There are approximately 50,000 pounds per hour of 360/sup 0/F water produced (approximately 10 million Btu per hour) and the water is currently not used and is considered a waste. This tremendous resource could very well be used in applications such as food processing, food dehydration and other industrial processing that requires low-grade heat. One of the applications is examined, namely the drying of tropical fruits particularly the papaya. The papaya was chosen for the obvious reason that it is the biggest crop of all fruits produced on the Big Island. A conceptual design of a pilot plant facility capable of processing 1000 pounds of raw papaya per day is included. This facility is designed to provide a geothermally heated dryer to dehydrate papayas or other tropical fruits available on an experimental basis to obtain data such as drying time, optimum drying temperature, etc.

Chen, B.H.; Lopez, L.P.; King, R.; Fujii, J.; Tanaka, M.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. Natural Gas / Air Blenders for BioGas Installations BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting - October 20-21, 2010 Rapid City, SD 1 BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Wolfgang H. Driftmeier Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. 210 Prospect Park - Peachtree City, GA 30269 wdriftmeier@altenergy.com www.altenergy.com 770 - 487 - 8596 Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. Natural Gas / Air Blenders for BioGas Installations BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting - October 20-21, 2010 Rapid City, SD 2 BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Objective

50

Primer on Wind Power for Utility Applications  

SciTech Connect

The wind industry still faces many market barriers, some of which stem from utilities' lack of experience with the technology. Utility system operators and planners need to understand the effects of fluctuating wind power on system regulation and stability. Without high-frequency wind power data and realistic wind power plant models to analyze the problem, utilities often rely on conservative assumptions and worst-case scenarios to make engineering decisions. To remedy the situation, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has undertaken a project to record long-term, high-resolution (1-hertz [Hz]) wind power output data from large wind power plants in various regions. The objective is to systematically collect actual wind power data from large commercial wind power plants so that wind power fluctuations, their frequency distribution, the effects of spatial diversity, and the ancillary services of large commercial wind power plants can be analyzed. It also aims to provide the industry with nonproprietary wind power data in different wind regimes for system planning and operating impact studies. This report will summarize the results of data analysis performed at NREL and discuss the wind power characteristics related to power system operation and planning.

Wan, Y.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Primer on Wind Power for Utility Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The wind industry still faces many market barriers, some of which stem from utilities' lack of experience with the technology. Utility system operators and planners need to understand the effects of fluctuating wind power on system regulation and stability. Without high-frequency wind power data and realistic wind power plant models to analyze the problem, utilities often rely on conservative assumptions and worst-case scenarios to make engineering decisions. To remedy the situation, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has undertaken a project to record long-term, high-resolution (1-hertz [Hz]) wind power output data from large wind power plants in various regions. The objective is to systematically collect actual wind power data from large commercial wind power plants so that wind power fluctuations, their frequency distribution, the effects of spatial diversity, and the ancillary services of large commercial wind power plants can be analyzed. It also aims to provide the industry with nonproprietary wind power data in different wind regimes for system planning and operating impact studies. This report will summarize the results of data analysis performed at NREL and discuss the wind power characteristics related to power system operation and planning.

Wan, Y.

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

coAl utilizAtion By-Product Processing PlAnt (withdrAwn) Project Description The University of Kentucky Research Foundation (UKRF) of Lexington, Kentucky, in partnership...

53

Integrated Design of Chemical Processes and Utility Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pinch concept for integrated heat recovery networks has recently become established in chemical process design. This paper presents an overview of the concept and shows how it has now been extended to total process design (reactors, separators, etc.) and to the task of interfacing processes with their utility systems (furnaces, steam levels, turbines, etc.)

Linnhoff, B.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 25 Environmental Concerns in Soybean Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 25 Environmental Concerns in Soybean Processing Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 25 Environmental Concerns in

55

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Speaker(s): Katsuhiro Miura Date: January 27, 2012 - 10:00am Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint of Contact:...

56

Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial 7 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations The U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems Program (ESS) held an annual peer review on September 27, 2007 in San Francisco, CA. Eighteen presentations were divided into categories; those related to utility, commercial, and rail applications of advanced energy storage systems are below. Other presentation categories were: Economics - Benefit Studies and Environment Benefit Studies International Energy Storage Programs Power Electronics Innovations in Energy Storage Systems ESS 2007 Peer Review - Application of Large-Scale ESS in AEP - Ali Nourai, AEP.pdf ESS 2007 Peer Review - Iowa Stored Energy Park - Kent Holst, ISEP.pdf

57

Application of DSM evaluation studies to utility forecasting and planning  

SciTech Connect

Utilities and their customers have made substantial investments in utility demand-side management (DSM) programs. These DSM programs also represent a substantial electricity resource. DSM program performance has been studied more systematically in recent years than over any previous period. DSM program evaluations are traditionally targeted to meet the program manager`s need for information on program costs and performance and, more recently, to verify savings to regulators for incentive awards and lost revenue recovery. Yet evaluations may also be used to produce results relevant to utility forecasting and planning. Applying evaluation results is especially important for utilities with substantial current and future commitments to acquiring demand-side resources. This report discusses the application of evaluation results to utility forecasting and planning. The report has three objectives. First, we identify what demand forecasters, DSM forecasters, and resource planners want to learn from evaluations. Second, we identify and describe the major obstacles and problems associated with applying evaluation results and illustrate many of these issues through a specific evaluation application exercise. Finally, we suggest approaches for addressing these major problems. The report summarizes results from interviews with utilities, regulators, and consultants to determine how the industry currently applies evaluation results in forecasting and planning. The report also includes results from case studies of Sacramento Municipal Utility District and Southern California Edison Company, utilities with large DSM programs and active evaluation efforts. Finally, we draw on a specific application exercise in which we used a set of impact evaluations to revise a utility DSM forecast.

Baxter, L.W.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Bibliography: injection technology applicable to geothermal utilization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This bibliography cites 500 documents that may be helpful in planning, analysis, research, and development of the various aspects of injection technology in geothermal applications. These documents include results from government research; development, demonstration, and commercialization programs; selected references from the literature; symposia; references from various technical societies and installations; reference books; reviews; and other selected material. The cited references are from (1) subject searching, using indexing, storage, and retrieval information data base of the Department of Energy's Technical Information Center's on-line retrieval system, RECON; (2) searches of references from the RECON data base, of work by authors known to be active in the field of geothermal energy research and development; (3) subject and author searches by the computerized data storage and retrieval system of Chemical Abstracts, American Chemical Society, Washington, DC; and (4) selected references from texts and reviews on this subject. Each citation includes title, author, author affiliation, date of publication, and source. The citations are listed in chronological order (most recent first) in each of the subject categories for which this search was made. The RECON accession number is also given.

Darnell, A.J.; Eichelberger, R.L.

1982-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

59

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 21 Soybean Production and Processing in Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 21 Soybean Production and Processing in Brazil Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutritio

60

Wireless Product Applications for Utilities: Technical Services for Power Utilities in Wireless Communications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wireless technology applications are abundant, with products and services ranging from two-way paging to Personal Communications Services (PCS) to low cost satellite data transmission. With this in mind, utilities are encouraged to develop relationships and business arrangements with telecommunication companies--relationships that can benefit both industries. These arrangements promise to streamline utility operations and, in selected cases, create new businesses and provide sources of revenue for utilit...

1997-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Cost analysis of energy storage systems for electric utility applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy, Office of Utility Technologies, the Energy Storage System Analysis and Development Department at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) conducted a cost analysis of energy storage systems for electric utility applications. The scope of the study included the analysis of costs for existing and planned battery, SMES, and flywheel energy storage systems. The analysis also identified the potential for cost reduction of key components.

Akhil, A. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Swaminathan, S.; Sen, R.K. [R.K. Sen & Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

NGNP Process Heat Utilization: Liquid Metal Phase Change Heat Exchanger  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One key long-standing issue that must be overcome to fully realize the successful growth of nuclear power is to determine other benefits of nuclear energy apart from meeting the electricity demands. The Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) will most likely be producing electricity and heat for the production of hydrogen and/or oil retrieval from oil sands and oil shale to help in our national pursuit of energy independence. For nuclear process heat to be utilized, intermediate heat exchange is required to transfer heat from the NGNP to the hydrogen plant or oil recovery field in the most efficient way possible. Development of nuclear reactor - process heat technology has intensified the interest in liquid metals as heat transfer media because of their ideal transport properties. Liquid metal heat exchangers are not new in practical applications. An important rational for considering liquid metals is the potential convective heat transfer is among the highest known. Thus explains the interest in liquid metals as coolant for intermediate heat exchange from NGNP. For process heat it is desired that, intermediate heat exchangers (IHX) transfer heat from the NGNP in the most efficient way possible. The production of electric power at higher efficiency via the Brayton Cycle, and hydrogen production, requires both heat at higher temperatures and high effectiveness compact heat exchangers to transfer heat to either the power or process cycle. Compact heat exchangers maximize the heat transfer surface area per volume of heat exchanger; this has the benefit of reducing heat exchanger size and heat losses. High temperature IHX design requirements are governed in part by the allowable temperature drop between the outlet and inlet of the NGNP. In order to improve the characteristics of heat transfer, liquid metal phase change heat exchangers may be more effective and efficient. This paper explores the overall heat transfer characteristics and pressure drop of the phase change heat exchanger with Na as the heat exchanger coolant. In order to design a very efficient and effective heat exchanger one must optimize the design such that we have a high heat transfer and a lower pressure drop, but there is always a trade-off between them. Based on NGNP operational parameters, a heat exchanger analysis with the sodium phase change will be presented to show that the heat exchanger has the potential for highly effective heat transfer, within a small volume at reasonable cost.

Piyush Sabharwall; Mike Patterson; Vivek Utgikar; Fred Gunnerson

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Applications of HVAC System Utilizing Building Thermal Mass in Japan Speaker(s): Katsuhiro Miura Date: January 27, 2012 - 10:00am Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter Buildings have a large thermal capacity and it affects much on building thermal load for the HVAC system. The thermal mass can be utilized also to control the thermal load by storing thermal energy before HVAC operation. There are two ways to store thermal energy. One is by operating the HVAC system and the other is by natural ventilation, mainly at night. The latter could be combined with daily HVAC operation as a hybrid ventilation. Thermal mass storage is useful to decrease the hourly peak load and the daily thermal load and can be used for both cooling and heating purpose.

64

Advanced lead-acid batteries for utility applications  

SciTech Connect

During 1990, Sandia National Laboratories initiated an advanced lead-acid battery development program supported by the US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Management. The goal is to develop a low maintenance, cost effective battery by the mid- to late 1990's that is tailored to a variety of electric utility applications. Several parallel activities are being pursued to achieve this goal. One activity seeks to quantify the economic benefits of battery storage for specific cases in candidate utility systems and identify opportunities for field demonstration of battery systems at electric utility and utility customer sites. Such demonstrations will not only generate valuable operating experience data, but will also help in building user confidence in battery storage systems. Other activities concentrate on cell- and battery-level research and development aimed at overcoming shortcomings in existing technologies, such as Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA), or, sealed lead-acid batteries.

Akhil, A. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Landgrebe, A. (USDOE, Washington, DC (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Advanced lead-acid batteries for utility applications  

SciTech Connect

During 1990, Sandia National Laboratories initiated an advanced lead-acid battery development program supported by the US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Management. The goal is to develop a low maintenance, cost effective battery by the mid- to late 1990's that is tailored to a variety of electric utility applications. Several parallel activities are being pursued to achieve this goal. One activity seeks to quantify the economic benefits of battery storage for specific cases in candidate utility systems and identify opportunities for field demonstration of battery systems at electric utility and utility customer sites. Such demonstrations will not only generate valuable operating experience data, but will also help in building user confidence in battery storage systems. Other activities concentrate on cell- and battery-level research and development aimed at overcoming shortcomings in existing technologies, such as Valve-Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA), or, sealed lead-acid batteries.

Akhil, A. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Landgrebe, A. (USDOE, Washington, DC (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Utilization of Biomineralization Processes with Fly Ash for Carbon Sequestration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utilization of Biomineralization Processes with Fly Ash Utilization of Biomineralization Processes with Fly Ash for Carbon Sequestration Y. Roh (rohy@ornl.gov; 865-576-9931) T. J. Phelps (phelpstj1@ornl.gov; 865-574-7290) Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory*, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6036 A. D. McMillan (mcmillanad@ornl.gov; 865-241-4554) R. J. Lauf (laufrj@ornl.gov; 865-574-5176) Metal and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6085 *Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Introduction The Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Information Administration estimates atmospheric greenhouse gas releases may exceed 8 billion metric tons by the year 2010 heightening its international environmental concern. Carbon dioxide will dominate the

67

Entering new territory. [Application of financial incentive regulations to gas utilities  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the application of the performance-based rate making incentive regulation which applies to the purchasing procedures of natural gas utility companies. It describes how these financial incentives were used by San Diego Gas and Electric Company to optimize the purchasing processes used to acquire gas for their customers. The goal of this process is to allow the utility to project energy performance into the future and try to exceed these projected values rather than doing a performance review after a year of already conducted purchases. The paper outlines the company's plans to implement a formal process for procurement under these new regulations.

Funke, C.A. (San Diego Gas and Electric Co., CA (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Phase II -- Photovoltaics for Utility Scale Applications (PVUSA). Progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaics for Utility Scale Applications (PVUSA) is a national public-private partnership that is assessing and demonstrating the viability of utility-scale (US) photovoltaic (PV) electric generation systems and recent developments in PV module technology. This report updates the project`s progress, reviews the status and performance of the various PV installations during 1994, summarizes key accomplishments and conclusions for the year, and outlines future work. The PVUSA project has five objectives. These are designed to narrow the gap between a large utility industry that is unfamiliar with PV and a small PV industry that is aware of a potentially large utility market but unfamiliar with how to meet its requirements. The objectives are: Evaluate the performance, reliability, and cost of promising PV modules and balance-of-system (BOS) components side by side at a single location; Assess PV system operation and maintenance in a utility setting; Compare US utilities hands-on experience in designing, procuring, and operating PV systems; and, Document and disseminate knowledge gained from the project.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Siting guidelines for utility application of wind turbines. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Utility-oriented guidelines are described for identifying viable sites for wind turbines. Topics and procedures are also discussed that are important in carrying out a wind turbine siting program. These topics include: a description of the Department of Energy wind resource atlases; procedures for predicting wind turbine performance at potential sites; methods for analyzing wind turbine economics; procedures for estimating installation and maintenance costs; methods for anlayzing the distribution of wind resources over an area; and instrumentation for documenting wind behavior at potential sites. The procedure described is applicable to small and large utilities. Although the procedure was developed as a site-selection tool, it can also be used by a utility who wishes to estimate the potential for wind turbine penetration into its future generation mix.

Pennell, W.T.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Electric Utility Terrain Vehicle Demonstration in a Military Base Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility terrain vehicles (UTVs), also called all terrain vehicles (ATVs), are used for a variety of purposes ranging from transporting people and materials to recreation. Examples of uses include transportation at military bases, for beach patrols, at ports, agricultural locations, industrial sites, and local/municipal applications such as at parks and schools. As of August 30, 2012 the Federal Highway Administration estimated that annual fuel usage of All-terrain vehicles to be approximately 173 ...

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

71

Development of the Zinc-Chloride Battery for Utility Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report reviews progress in Phase 2 (April 1978-March 1980) of a program to develop the zinc-chloride battery for utility load-leveling applications. Tasks in this phase included refurbishment of a 45-kWh module to increase capacity and efficiency, cycle testing of a 1.7-kWh battery, and development of a 50-kWh module to serve as the building block for the 4-MWh battery for the Battery Energy Test Facility.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 5 Overview of Modern Soybean Processing and Links Between Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 5 Overview of Modern Soybean Processing and Links Between Processes Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press 0B362A41DAA1ADC03A75EEA4F01CF187 AOCS Press ...

73

The development of advanced lead-acid batteries for utility applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Technical advances in lead-acid battery design have created new opportunities for battery systems in telecommunications, computer backup power and vehicle propulsion power. Now the lead-acid battery has the opportunity to become a major element in the mix of technologies used by electric utilities for several power quality and energy and resource management functions within the network. Since their introduction into industrial applications, Valve Regulated Lead-Acid (VRLA) batteries have received widespread acceptance and use in critical telecommunications and computer installations, and have developed over 10 years of reliable operational history. As further enhancements in performance, reliability and manufacturing processes are made, these VRLA batteries are expanding the role of battery-based energy storage systems within utility companies portfolios. This paper discusses the rationale and process of designing, optimizing and testing VRLA batteries for specific utility application requirements.

Szymborski, J. [GNB Industrial Battery Co., Lombard, IL (United States); Jungst, R.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Electric utility applications of hydrogen energy storage systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report examines the capital cost associated with various energy storage systems that have been installed for electric utility application. The storage systems considered in this study are Battery Energy Storage (BES), Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) and Flywheel Energy Storage (FES). The report also projects the cost reductions that may be anticipated as these technologies come down the learning curve. This data will serve as a base-line for comparing the cost-effectiveness of hydrogen energy storage (HES) systems in the electric utility sector. Since pumped hydro or compressed air energy storage (CAES) is not particularly suitable for distributed storage, they are not considered in this report. There are no comparable HES systems in existence in the electric utility sector. However, there are numerous studies that have assessed the current and projected cost of hydrogen energy storage system. This report uses such data to compare the cost of HES systems with that of other storage systems in order to draw some conclusions as to the applications and the cost-effectiveness of hydrogen as a electricity storage alternative.

Swaminathan, S.; Sen, R.K.

1997-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 6 Extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 6 Extraction Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 6 Extraction from ...

76

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 16 Interesterification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 16 Interesterification Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 16 Interesterification from ...

77

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 21 Industrial Uses for Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 21 Industrial Uses for Soybeans Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 21 Industrial Uses for Soybeans from ...

78

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 19 Consumer and Industrial Margarines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 19 Consumer and Industrial Margarines Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 19 Consumer and Industrial Margarines from

79

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 8 Soybean Proteins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 8 Soybean Proteins Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing

80

Processing & Applications IV: Radioactive Metals Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The compatibility between erbium oxide and molten cerium, as a surrogate for ... A key process step involving molten salt electrorefining to separate actinides...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Power Electronics for Distributed Energy Systems and Transmission and Distribution Applications: Assessing the Technical Needs for Utility Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Power electronics can provide utilities the ability to more effectively deliver power to their customers while providing increased reliability to the bulk power system. In general, power electronics is the process of using semiconductor switching devices to control and convert electrical power flow from one form to another to meet a specific need. These conversion techniques have revolutionized modern life by streamlining manufacturing processes, increasing product efficiencies, and increasing the quality of life by enhancing many modern conveniences such as computers, and they can help to improve the delivery of reliable power from utilities. This report summarizes the technical challenges associated with utilizing power electronics devices across the entire spectrum from applications to manufacturing and materials development, and it provides recommendations for research and development (R&D) needs for power electronics systems in which the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) could make a substantial impact toward improving the reliability of the bulk power system.

Tolbert, L.M.

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

82

File:03MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:03MTFRightOfWayEasementForUtilitiesProcess.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 51 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:14, 2 April 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 14:14, 2 April 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (51 KB) Dfitzger (Talk | contribs) 12:07, 1 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 12:07, 1 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (35 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup

83

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 26 Cost Estimates for Soybean Processing and Soybean Oil Refining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 26 Cost Estimates for Soybean Processing and Soybean Oil Refining Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 26 Cost Est

84

Nutritionally Enhanced Edible Oil and Oilseed ProcessingChapter 6 Utilization of Supercritical Fluid Technology for Oil And Oilseed Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nutritionally Enhanced Edible Oil and Oilseed Processing Chapter 6 Utilization of Supercritical Fluid Technology for Oil And Oilseed Processing Processing eChapters Processing Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 6 U

85

Assessing vehicle detection utilizing video image processing technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Urban freeways are the backbone of the highway transportation system and the demand on this system is growing. The increase in demand creates an increase in traffic congestion. Past construction solutions to relieve congestion are less viable today due to rising costs and government regulations. Effectively managing the operations of the existing highway transportation network is an alternative for congestion mitigation. The research documented in this study analyzes a trip-wire video image processing system's ability and limitations in accurately detecting passenger cars with and without passenger cars traveling in the adjacent travel lane. This study also analvzes a video image processing system's ability to determine passenger car speeds. Testing was performed at Texas A&M University's Riverside Campus research facility. Testing analyzed three camera heights, 30 feet, 40 feet and 49 feet-6 inches, in conjunction with three passenger car speeds, 20 mph, 45 mph and 55 mph. The video image processing system used in the study was the Autoscop0m 2004 by Image Sensing Systems, Inc. The camera imaging device was a one-half (1/2) inch interline transfer microlens charged coupled device (CCD). The camera lens was a six (6) mm, fl.2 auto ifis lens. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) test indicated both camera height and travel lane location affected the system's ability to accurately detect passenger cars. Generally, higher camera heights and travel lanes farther from the camera produced accurate passenger car detection farther upstream from the camera. Also, it was determined that passenger cars traveling in adjacent travel lanes did not significantly influence the video image processing system's ability to accurately detect passenger cars. The paired t-test indicated that passenger car speeds determined by the video image processing system were significantly different when compared to passenger car speeds obtained by a radar speed gun. The results of this thesis research study provide some guidance on the use and placement of a video image processing system in a freeway application. This study also provides some recommendations regarding future video image processing system research and development.

Hartmann, Duane E

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 10 Minor Constituents and Phytochemicals of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 10 Minor Constituents and Phytochemicals of Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition -

87

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 13 Soybean Oil Modification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 13 Soybean Oil Modification Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry P

88

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 12 Soybean Oil Purification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 12 Soybean Oil Purification Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry P

89

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 9 Soybean Carbohydrates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 9 Soybean Carbohydrates Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Proce

90

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 11 Oil Recovery from Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 11 Oil Recovery from Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

91

Design for Process Integration and Efficient Energy Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Today's energy availability and pricing structure has focused attention upon those design techniques which result in an improvement in the level of energy utilisation. Energy integration is one such technique, where this refers to the matching of opposite energy changes, in order to minimise the need for external energy supply or disposal. Many evaluations tend to consider a limited area within the overall system, and the broader inter-reactions or sensitivity to dynamic change may remain obscure. Also, processing plants are required to operate in a changing environment, where operating conditions may be far removed from the original design intent. Flexibility is therefore a key requirement for modern plant design. The application of energy integration tends to increase plant complexity, often with a consequential reduction in operating flexibility. This paper presents a methodology which enables the balance between energy integration and flexibility to be established.

James, A. J.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Grant Application Process | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Grant Application Process | National Nuclear Security Administration Grant Application Process | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Grant Application Process Home > Grant Application Process Grant Application Process Please visit www.grants.gov off site link to find out more about the grant application process. At www.grants.gov off site link you can find

93

Use of alcohol in farming applications: alternative fuels utilization program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The use of alcohol with diesel fuel has been investigated as a means of extending diesel fuel supplies. The ability to use ethanol in diesel-powered farm equipment could provide the means for increasing the near-term fuels self-sufficiency of the American farmer. In the longer term, the potential availability of methanol (from coal) in large quantities could serve to further decrease the dependency on diesel fuel. This document gives two separate overviews of the use of alcohols in farm equipment. Part I of this document compares alcohol with No. 1 and No. 2 diesel fuels and describes several techniques for using alcohol in farm diesels. Part II of this document discusses the use of aqueous ethanol in diesel engines, spark ignition engines and provides some information on safety and fuel handling of both methanol and ethanol. This document is not intended as a guide for converting equipment to utilize alcohol, but rather to provide information such that the reader can gain insight on the advantages and disadvantages of using alcohol in existing engines currently used in farming applications.

Borman, G.L.; Foster, D.E.; Uyehara, O.A.; McCallum, P.W.; Timbario, T.J.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) - List of Covered Electric Utilities. Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) - List of Covered Electric Utilities. Under Title I of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is required to publish a list identifying each electric utility that Title I applies to. [See PURPA SEC. 102(c).] The following list is being released by DOE in August 2006 for review and comment by state public utility commissions. Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) - List of Covered Electric

95

Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) -List of Covered Electric Utilities - 2006 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) -List of Covered Electric Utilities - 2006 Under Title I of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is required to publish a list identifying each electric utility that Title I applies to. [See PURPA SEC. 102(c).] The following list is being released by DOE in August 2006 for review and comment by state public utility commissions. Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) - List of Covered Electric

96

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 1 Origin, Distribution, and Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 1 Origin, Distribution, and Production Processing eChapters Processing AOCS 35D7CAD9E2530C870576D2DF20F011A4 Press Downloadable pdf of Ch

97

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and UtilizationChapter 11 Industry Trade and Economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 11 Industry Trade and Economics Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 11 Industry Trade and Economics, from the book ...

98

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and UtilizationChapter 2 Botany and Plant Breeding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 2 Botany and Plant Breeding Processing eChapters Processing 40BC278D38AF1341D981451DC4C99406 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 2 Botany an

99

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and UtilizationChapter 7 Canola Oil Composition and Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 7 Canola Oil Composition and Properties Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 7 Canola Oil Composition and Properties from

100

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and UtilizationChapter 8 Meal Nutrient Composition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 8 Meal Nutrient Composition Processing eChapters Processing 3915C7717C575B3A3E7B822402B32741 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 8 Meal Nutr

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 18 Salad Oil, Mayonnaise, and Salad Dressings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 18 Salad Oil, Mayonnaise, and Salad Dressings Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 18 Salad Oil, Mayonnaise, and

102

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 15 Soybean Oil Crystallization and Fractionation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 15 Soybean Oil Crystallization and Fractionation Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 15 Soybean Oil Crystallizati

103

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 12 Bleaching/Absorption Treatment fro

104

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 13 Hydrogenation and Base Stock Formulation Procedures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 13 Hydrogenation and Base Stock Formulation Procedures Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 13 Hydrogenation and Base Stock Formu

105

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationHarvest, Storage, Handling and Trading of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Harvest, Storage, Handling and Trading of Soybeans Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 4 Harvest, Storage, Handling and T

106

Program on Technology Innovation: Distributed Photovoltaic Power Applications for Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging PV technology brings significant opportunities for many stakeholders including electric utilities, electric customers, energy-service providers and PV equipment vendors. The opportunities for utilities range from owning and deploying various PV generation resources and related products to incentivizing other owners to install PV systems and technology that provide benefits to the power system. This technical update describes PV power system concepts that utilities may want to consider as they pl...

2009-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

107

GRR/Section 3-WA-c - Utility Franchise or Permit Process | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 3-WA-c - Utility Franchise or Permit Process GRR/Section 3-WA-c - Utility Franchise or Permit Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-WA-c - Utility Franchise or Permit Process 3-WA-c - Utility Franchise or Permit Process (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Washington State Department of Transportation Regulations & Policies WAC 468-34-060 WAC 468-34-080 WAC 468-34-110 WAC 468-34-160 WAC 468-34-170 Triggers None specified This flowchart illustrates the process of obtaining a franchise or permit through a state highway right of way in Washington State. A utility permit or franchise is required for occupancy of a highway right of way by utility facilities, including private lines. WAC 468-34-160. The process is

108

Dynamic modeling and multivariable control of organic Rankine cycles in waste heat utilizing processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the dynamics of organic Rankine cycles (ORCs) in waste heat utilizing processes is investigated, and the physical model of a 100 kW waste heat utilizing process is established. In order to achieve both transient performance and steady-state ... Keywords: Linear quadratic regulator, Organic Rankine cycles, Process control

Jianhua Zhang; Wenfang Zhang; Guolian Hou; Fang Fang

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Industrial Utilization of Surfactants: Principles & PracticeChapter 6 Surfactant Applications 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industrial Utilization of Surfactants: Principles & Practice Chapter 6 Surfactant Applications 1 Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 6 Surfactant Applica

110

Industrial Utilization of Surfactants: Principles & PracticeChapter 7 Surfactant Applications 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Industrial Utilization of Surfactants: Principles & Practice Chapter 7 Surfactant Applications 2 Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 7 Surfactant Applica

111

A Study of Pyrolysis of Charring Materials and its Application to Fire Safety and Biomass Utilization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A theoretical and experimental study of pyrolysis of charring material applicable to fire safety and biomass utilization is presented in this thesis. This work is (more)

Park, Won Chan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Application...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications Daiwon Choi, Vilayanur V. Viswanathan, Wei Wang, Vincent L. Sprenkle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Blvd., P....

113

Utilization of instrumentation data to improve distributed multimedia processing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Instrumentation is ubiquitous in computer software today though its use in parallel processing frameworks is not widespread. In this thesis, we have developed an instrumentation (more)

Kristoffersen, Stle B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Utility Application Experiences of Probabilistic Risk Assessment Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ensuring the reliable delivery of electricity is the primary challenge facing power system operators and planners. This technical report summarizes recent utility experiences of applying EPRI's Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) methodology.

2007-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

115

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 2 Breeding, Genetics, and Production of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 2 Breeding, Genetics, and Production of Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrit

116

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 6 Measurement and Maintenance of Soybean Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 6 Measurement and Maintenance of Soybean Quality Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrit

117

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 16 Bioenergy and Biofuels from Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 16 Bioenergy and Biofuels from Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Bio

118

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 1 The History of the Soybean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 1 The History of the Soybean Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

119

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 14 Food Use of Whole Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 14 Food Use of Whole Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry

120

Electrotechnology Applications in Industrial Process Heating  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrotechnology applications in industrial process heating are discussed in this technical update. This report builds on the research activities from the previous years and adds new and emerging process heating technologies. The primary focus is given to energy intensive industrial sectors such as primary metals and metal treatment. Successful implementation of the electrotechnologies in various industry applications are also presented in the form of case studies. The technical update also ...

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Battery energy storage and superconducting magnetic energy storage for utility applications: A qualitative analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report was prepared at the request of the US Department of Energy`s Office of Energy Management for an objective comparison of the merits of battery energy storage with superconducting magnetic energy storage technology for utility applications. Conclusions are drawn regarding the best match of each technology with these utility application requirements. Staff from the Utility Battery Storage Systems Program and the superconductivity Programs at Sandia National contributed to this effort.

Akhil, A.A.; Butler, P.; Bickel, T.C.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

UF.sub.6 -Recovery process utilizing desublimation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a UF.sub.6 -recovery process of the kind in which a stream of substantially pure gaseous UF.sub.6 is directed through an externally chilled desublimer to convert the UF.sub.6 directly to an annular solid ring adhering to the interior wall of the desublimer. After accumulation of a desired amount of solid UF.sub.6, the desublimer is heated to liquefy the solid. Subsequently, the liquid is recovered from the desublimer. It has been found that during the heating operation the desublimer is subjected to excessive mechanical stresses. In addition, it has been found that the incorporation of a very small percentage of relatively noncondensable, nonreactive gas (e.g., nitrogen) in the UF.sub.6 input to the desublimer effects significant decreases in the stresses generated during the subsequent melting operation. This modification to the process provides valuable advantages in terms of reduced hazard, lower operating costs for the desublimer, and increased service life for the desublimer and its auxiliaries. The new process is especially suitable for the recovery of enriched UF.sub.6 from high-speed UF.sub.6 gas-centrifuge cascades.

Eby, Robert S. (11 Newhope La., Oak Ridge, TN 37830); Stephenson, Michael J. (115 Concord Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37830); Andrews, Deborah H. (421 Cumberland St., Harriman, TN 37748); Hamilton, Thomas H. (821 Walker Springs Rd., Knoxville, TN 37923)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

UF/sub 6/-recovery process utilizing desublimation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a UF/sub 6/-recovery process of the kind in which a stream of substantially pure gaseous UF/sub 6/ is directed through an externally chilled desublimer to convert the UF/sub 6/ directly to an annular solid ring adhering to the interior wall of the desublimer. After accumulation of a desired amount of solid UF/sub 6/, the desublimer is heated to liquefy the solid. Subsequently, the liquid is recovered from the desublimer. It has been found that during the heating operation the desublimer is subjected to excessive mechanical stresses. In addition, it has been found that the incorporation of a very small percentage of relatively noncondensable, nonreactive gas (e.g., nitrogen) in the UF/sub 6/ input to the desublimer effects significant decreases in the stresses generated during the subsequent melting operation. This modification to the process provides valuable advantages in terms of reduced hazard, lower operating costs for the desublimer, and increased service life for the desublimer and its auxiliaries. The new process is especially suitable for the recovery of enriched UF/sub 6/ from high-speed UF/sub 6/ gas-centrifuge cascades.

Eby, R.S.; Stephenson, M.J.; Andrews, D.H.; Hamilton, T.H.

1983-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

124

Process and apparatus for determination and utilization of a quantity of preheating energy  

SciTech Connect

A preheating process and apparatus for determination and utilization of a quantity of preheating energy so as to automatically achieve a desired temperature at a given location prior to a predetermined period of usage, especially for preheating an automotive vehicle. In accordance with the process, the respective preheating times required to achieve a desired temperature for various possible actual conditions at the location of usage are determined and stored, at a predetermined point of time prior to the usage commencement time, the correct preheating time is determined from the stored preheating times based upon actual temperature conditions and application of heat to the location is automatically commenced at a time prior to the usage commencement time that corresponds to the difference between the usage commencement time and the correct preheating time determined previously. In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the apparatus, a preset-table timer actuated switching control means is provided for actuating a heating device. An actual temperature value sensor means is utilized to sense the actual temperature at the location to be preheated and is used to address a memory unit containing, as stored data, preheating times to be read out that correspond to the respectively required heating time to achieve a desired temperature for each of various possible actual temperatures at the location. The stored preheating time read out by the memory unit based upon actual temperature value sensed by the sensor means at a point of time prior to the preset usage commencement time is utilized by the switching control means to actuate the heating device at a time prior to a preset time for commencement of usage that corresponds to the difference between the preset usage commencement time and the time read out by the memory unit.

Lamkewitz, F.; Riedmaier, J.

1984-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

125

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 3 Genetic Engineering Approaches for Trait Development in Brassica Oilseed Species  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 3 Genetic Engineering Approaches for Trait Development in Brassica Oilseed Species Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of

126

On-line method of determining utilization factor in Hg-196 photochemical separation process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to a method for determining the utilization factor [U] in a photochemical mercury enrichment process (.sup.196 Hg) by measuring relative .sup.196 Hg densities using absorption spectroscopy.

Grossman, Mark W. (Belmont, MA); Moskowitz, Philip E. (Peabody, MA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Developing a strategic roadmap for supply chain process improvement in a regulated utility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis covers work done at Tracks Energy, a regulated utility, to develop a strategic roadmap for supply chain process improvement. The focus of Tracks Energy has always been on keeping the lights on and the gas flowing ...

Yoder, Brent E. (Brent Edward)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and UtilizationChapter 5 Seed Morphology, Composition, and Quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 5 Seed Morphology, Composition, and Quality Processing eChapters Processing 83B4C7E58AA96C2A03AC640770A86BC2 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Cha

129

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 2 Composition of Soybeans and Soybean Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 2 Composition of Soybeans and Soybean Products Processing eChapters Processing 488238FD38C3A08C06DF239C252D6FA5 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of

130

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 14 Deodorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 14 Deodorization Processing eChapters Processing 50A1D3D7CA7D54C9052C2A865A543195 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 14 Deodorization

131

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 22 Soy Foods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 22 Soy Foods Processing eChapters Processing 37663F0039EBE3BCA80DEDC9EB92A3B8 AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 22 Soy Foods from ...

132

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 27 Plant Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 27 Plant Management Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press 377F68C2D2655EA5F34A6CA8145DE3CB AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 27 P

133

Applications of economic principles in public utility industries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy and transportation rank high among the economic concerns of American consumers and policymakers, and these concerns generate a host of technical, social, and political issues that impinge on the formulation of public utility regulatory policy. The collection of papers in this book provide evidence of the creative thinking that characterizes current approaches to the resolution of these issues. The book begins with a discussion of current attempts to develop a more comprehensive and timely definition of the concept of natural monopoly. The next three papers deal with various aspects of the problem on incorporating equity considerations into the development of rate structure. The fifth paper examines the potential impact of the current tariff structure on future explorations for oil, using the Trans-Alaska pipeline as a case study. The book concludes with two essays on various aspects of deregulation. 162 references, 4 tables.

Sichel, W.; Gies, T.G. (eds.)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Early, Cost-Effective Applications of Photovoltaics in the Electric Utility Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV)-powered systems can compete economically with conventional utility approaches such as distribution line extensions and step-down transformer installation for powering small electric loads. This study identified more than 60 cost-effective applications of PV-powered systems for utilities and their customers.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

A worldwide overview of superconductivity development efforts for utility applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The progress and prospects for the application of high temperature superconductivity to the electric power sector has been the topic of an IEA Implementing Agreement begun in 1990. The present task members are: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. As a result of the Implementing Agreement, work has been performed by the Operating Agent with the full participation of all of the member countries. This work has facilitated the exchange of information among experts in all member countries and is the basis for much of the information contained in this paper. This paper summarizes progress toward application of high temperature superconductivity to devices for use in the electric power sector such as: fault-current limiters, cables, superconducting magnetic energy Storage, rotating machinery, transformers, and flywheels incorporating magnetic bearings. Such devices are being designed, built and tested throughout the world.

Giese, R.F.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS WITH SUPERCONDUCTING BEARINGS FOR UTILITY APPLICATIONS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This projects mission was to achieve significant advances in the practical application of bulk high-temperature superconductor (HTS) materials to energy-storage systems. The ultimate product was planned as an operational prototype of a flywheel system on an HTS suspension. While the final prototype flywheel did not complete the final offsite demonstration phase of the program, invaluable lessons learned were captured on the laboratory demonstration units that will lead to the successful deployment of a future HTS-stabilized, composite-flywheel energy-storage system (FESS).

Dr. Michael Strasik; Mr. Arthur Day; Mr. Philip Johnson; Dr. John Hull

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

137

Evidence-Based Reviews: History, Utility, and Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performing evidence-based reviews (EBR) is a growing and important area of research, and more graduate students should be educated in this area. EBRs provide conclusions based on science and follow a specific methodology to decrease bias, consider all pertinent science on the topic, and have transparency. This thesis is two-fold and includes: 1) a faculty course manual on how to facilitate a college course on EBR and 2) an EBR manuscript on the utility of nutrition labeling to affect consumers ability to select more nutritious products and whether or not nutrition labeling can affect purchase and consumption of more nutritious products. This EBR is timely in that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has called for a moratorium on Front-of-Pack labeling (FOP) until two Institute of Medicine Committees have produced their reports and FDA has interpreted those reports. The intention of the manuscript is that it will aid in this interpretation. Of 978 articles collected, 699 were excluded using exclusion/inclusion criteria, 253 were identified as secondary articles, and 26 were used for the EBR. Results: Ten studies answered question #1 on whether or not consumers can pick a more nutritious product by reading labels and 21 answered question #2 on whether consumers actually change their purchasing and/or eating behavior by using labels. Studies ranged from simple cross-sectional studies that used survey data to more complex studies that collected sales data or performed in-store observations. In conclusion, consumers are able to use food labels to pick more nutritious products. Preliminary evidence suggests that a subset of health conscious consumers will read food labels to select a healthier product within a product category. Less evidence exists that reading labels actually results in a change of food intake. More intervention rather than survey studies are required to address this issue. In addition, the next stages of investigation should include looking at the whole diet, rather than just individual foods, and finally what affect the whole diet may have on overall health.

Field, Lindsey 1982-

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation applications are being  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and Energy Management System (EMS) applications of substation environment of substation automation project. It provides data to a number of application including automated1 Abstract--With the deregulation and restructuring of utility industry, many substation automation

139

UTILIZING GOOGLE EARTH AS A GIS PLATFORM FOR WEATHER APPLICATIONS Travis M. Smith1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UTILIZING GOOGLE EARTH AS A GIS PLATFORM FOR WEATHER APPLICATIONS Travis M. Smith1,2 and Valliappa Lakshmanan1,2 1 U. of Oklahoma/CIMMS; 2 NOAA/NSSL 1. Introduction Google Earth (formerly known as Keyhole; http://earth.google.com) is a free-for- personal-use application that streams high- resolution static

Smith, Travis

140

The demand-side management program development process: A utility perspective  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an aspect of DSM that has received little attention, namely, how utilities develop DSM programs. The selection of utilities to study purposely was biased in favor of those with reputations for being experienced DSM program developers so as to optimize the chances to obtain detailed information. The DSM planning process is affected by organizational factors and external influences: (1) the location of the demand-side planning department within the utility; (2) the demand-side planning group`s functional responsibilities; (3) upper management participation in the DSM program development process; and (4) the organizational relationship between (or, separation of) supply-side and demand-side planning. Organizational factors reflect utilities` views of DSM programs and thus can affect the adoption of a technology- or customer-oriented approach. Despite repeated claims of the uniqueness of the demand- side planning process and its resistance to standardization, two general approaches to program development were discerned, namely technology- or customer-orientation. Although utilities consider customer related and technological factors in their DSM program development process, utilities can be differentiated by their emphasis on one or the other approach. 25 refs.

Wolfe, A.K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Yourstone, N.E. [Yourstone (Evelin), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The demand-side management program development process: A utility perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes an aspect of DSM that has received little attention, namely, how utilities develop DSM programs. The selection of utilities to study purposely was biased in favor of those with reputations for being experienced DSM program developers so as to optimize the chances to obtain detailed information. The DSM planning process is affected by organizational factors and external influences: (1) the location of the demand-side planning department within the utility; (2) the demand-side planning group's functional responsibilities; (3) upper management participation in the DSM program development process; and (4) the organizational relationship between (or, separation of) supply-side and demand-side planning. Organizational factors reflect utilities' views of DSM programs and thus can affect the adoption of a technology- or customer-oriented approach. Despite repeated claims of the uniqueness of the demand- side planning process and its resistance to standardization, two general approaches to program development were discerned, namely technology- or customer-orientation. Although utilities consider customer related and technological factors in their DSM program development process, utilities can be differentiated by their emphasis on one or the other approach. 25 refs.

Wolfe, A.K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Yourstone, N.E. (Yourstone (Evelin), Albuquerque, NM (United States))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Expected Power-Utility Maximization Under Incomplete Information and with Cox-Process Observations  

SciTech Connect

We consider the problem of maximization of expected terminal power utility (risk sensitive criterion). The underlying market model is a regime-switching diffusion model where the regime is determined by an unobservable factor process forming a finite state Markov process. The main novelty is due to the fact that prices are observed and the portfolio is rebalanced only at random times corresponding to a Cox process where the intensity is driven by the unobserved Markovian factor process as well. This leads to a more realistic modeling for many practical situations, like in markets with liquidity restrictions; on the other hand it considerably complicates the problem to the point that traditional methodologies cannot be directly applied. The approach presented here is specific to the power-utility. For log-utilities a different approach is presented in Fujimoto et al. (Preprint, 2012).

Fujimoto, Kazufumi, E-mail: m_fuji@kvj.biglobe.ne.jp [Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd., Corporate Risk Management Division (Japan)] [Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd., Corporate Risk Management Division (Japan); Nagai, Hideo, E-mail: nagai@sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp [Osaka University, Division of Mathematical Science for Social Systems, Graduate School of Engineering Science (Japan)] [Osaka University, Division of Mathematical Science for Social Systems, Graduate School of Engineering Science (Japan); Runggaldier, Wolfgang J., E-mail: runggal@math.unipd.it [Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Matematica Pura ed Applicata (Italy)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Application Content and Evaluation Criteria/Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation Criteria/Process Jill Gruber Golden Field Office Department of Energy May 18, 2007 The information presented here is an outline of how the Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) may be structured. The final application requirements will be shown in the FOA when it is posted on Grants.gov. The schedule and awards are dependent on future appropriations and may change if future appropriations are lower than expected or in the event of a continuing resolution. DOE Points of Contact DOE Golden Field Office: Jill Gruber, Project Officer Bob Kingsley, Contract Specialist Stephanie Carabajal, Contracting Officer DOE HQ: Pete Devlin, Technology Development Manager Preliminary Application Content * Separate applications for each topic * Title should identify the topic area

144

Application of phosphor thermometry to galvanneal processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system has been developed for determining temperatures of galvanneal steel during the production process. It is based on an optical method known as phosphor thermometry and it provides for reliable, emissivity-independent measurements. This development is a part of the American Iron and Steel Institute`s (AISI) Advanced Process Control Program, a joint endeavor between the AISI and the U.S. Department of Energy. Galvanneal is a corrosion-resistant steel that is widely used for automotive and other applications. Improved thermometry should enable steelmakers to significantly improve product quality as well as to increase the yield. ultimately decreasing costs.

Beshears, D.L.; Abston, R.A.; Allison, S.W. [and others

1997-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

145

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Process And Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a general discussion of atmospheric-pressure plasma generation, processes, and applications. There are two distinct categories of atmospheric-pressure plasmas: thermal and nonthermal. Thermal atmospheric-pressure plasmas include those produced in high intensity arcs, plasma torches, or in high intensity, high frequency discharges. Although nonthermal plasmas are at room temperatures, they are extremely effective in producing activated species, e.g., free radicals and excited state atoms. Thus, both thermal and nonthermal atmosphericpressure plasmas are finding applications in a wide variety of industrial processes, e.g. waste destruction, material recovery, extractive metallurgy, powder synthesis, and energy conversion. A brief discussion of recent plasma technology research and development activities at the Idaho National Laboratory is included.

Peter C. Kong; Myrtle

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

review of extraction, processing, properties & applications of reactive ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REVIEW OF EXTRACTION,. PROCESSING, PROPERTIES. & APPLICATIONS OF. REACTIVE METALS. Edited by. Brajendra Mishra...

147

GRR/Section 7-CA-a - State Plant Commissioning Process, Application for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 7-CA-a - State Plant Commissioning Process, Application for GRR/Section 7-CA-a - State Plant Commissioning Process, Application for Certification < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 7-CA-a - State Plant Commissioning Process, Application for Certification 07CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Energy Commission Regulations & Policies Warren-Alquist Act California Code of Regulations, Title 20 - Public Utilities and Energy Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 07CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf 07CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

148

Composable Process Elements for Developing COTSBased Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data collected from five years of developing e-service applications at USC-CSE reveals that an increasing fraction have been commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS)-Based Application (CBA) projects: from 28 % in 1997 to 60 % in 2001. Data from both small and large CBA projects show that CBA effort is primarily distributed among the three activities of COTS assessment, COTS tailoring, and glue code development and integration, with wide variations in their distribution across projects. We have developed a set of data-motivated composable process elements, in terms of these three activities, for developing CBA's as well an overall decision framework for applying the process elements. We present data regarding the movement towards CBA's and effort distribution among them; we then proceed to describe the decision framework and to present a real-world example showing how it operates within the WinWin Spiral process model generator to orchestrate, execute, and adapt the process elements to changing project circumstances.

Barry Boehm; Dan Port; Ye Yang; Jesal Bhuta; Chris Abts

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Heat Recovery Boilers for Process Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat recovery boilers are widely used in process plants for recovering energy from various waste gas streams, either from the consideration of process or of economy. Sulfuric, as well as nitric, acid plant heat recovery boilers are examples of the use of heat recovery due primarily to process considerations. On the other hand, cost and payback are main considerations in the case of gas turbine and incineration plants, where large quantities of gases are exhausted at temperatures varying from 800F to 1800F. This gas, when recovered, can result in a large energy savings and steam production. This paper attempts to outline some of the engineering considerations in the design of heat recovery boilers for turbine exhaust applications (combined cycle, cogeneration mode), incineration plants (solid waste, fume) and chemical plants (reformer, sulfuric acid, nitric acid).

Ganapathy, V.; Rentz, J.; Flanagan, D.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

World Conference on Oilseed Processing, Fats & Oils Processing, Biofuels & Applications 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the World Conference on Oilseed Processing, Fats & Oils Processing, Biofuels & Applications 2011 World Conference on Oilseed Processing, Fats & Oils Processing, Biofuels & Applications 2011 Izmir, Turkey World Conference on Oilseed Pro

151

Electric utility application of wind energy conversion systems on the island of Oahu  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This wind energy application study was performed by The Aerospace Corporation for the Wind Systems Branch of the Department of Energy. The objective was to identify integration problems for a Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) placed into an existing conventional utility system. The integration problems included environmental, institutional and technical aspects as well as economic matters, but the emphasis was on the economics of wind energy. The Hawaiian Electric Company utility system on the island of Oahu was selected for the study because of the very real potential for wind energy on that island, and because of the simplicity afforded in analyzing that isolated utility.

Lindley, C.A.; Melton, W.C.

1979-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

152

A CO-UTILIZATION OF COAL WITH E-FUEL FROM ENERTECH'S SLURRYCARBtm PROCESS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In August 1999, EnerTech Environmental, LLC (EnerTech) and the Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) entered into a Cooperative Agreement to develop the first SlurryCarb{trademark} facility for converting Municipal Sewage Sludge (MSS) into a high-density slurry fuel, which could be co-utilized with coal in various industrial applications. Funded primarily by private investors, this program was divided into two major phases, Project Definition (Phase 0) and Design, Construction, and Operation (Phase 1). Project Definition, performed during this reporting period, was designed to define the project from a technical, economic, and scheduling standpoint. Once defined, much of the project risk would be appropriately mitigated thereby providing stakeholders, such as FETC, less risk when investing in the more costly Phase 1, which includes the design, construction, and operation of the first SlurryCarb{trademark} facility. Since May 1999, EnerTech has made significant progress in the tasks required in Phase 0 for bringing this project to Phase 1. These accomplishments have enhanced the probability for success thereby reducing the risk to the United States Department of Energy's (DOE) for its investment in the project. Phase 0 technical accomplishments include: Locating and securing a project site for the 60 dry ton per day (DTPD) SlurryCarb{trademark} facility; Locating and securing a project partner who will supply the necessary MSS for the project revenue stream; Completing the basic engineering of the project, which included value engineering for reducing technical risk and lowering project costs (final drawings, detail technical review, test runs on process development unit, fuel production for fuel usage research, and final cost estimate all pending); Research and a market study necessary for finding a potential fuel user, which included working with General Electric Environmental Research Corporation (EER) with a focus on coal utilization (locate actual fuel user and detailed combustion research pending); Beginning the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process necessary for the DOE involvement (final NEPA report pending); Completing the basic design for the fuel delivery system and developing a research protocol for testing required by the fuel user (actual fuel testing pending); and Locating engineering, procurement, and construction firm (EPC) to provide a fixed price guaranteed schedule for the project (EPC contract negotiation pending). For this project, a semi-annual technical progress report is required to describe the technical progress made during the duration of the budget period.

Susan L. Hoang

2000-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

153

VST processing facility: first astronomical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VST--Tube is a new software package designed to process optical astronomical images. It is an automated pipeline to go from the raw exposures to fully calibrated co-added images, and to extract catalogs with aperture and PSF photometry. A set of tools allow the data administration and the quality check of the intermediate and final products. VST-Tube comes with a Graphical User Interface to facilitate the interaction between data and user. We outline here the VST--Tube architecture and show some applications enlightening some of the characteristics of the pipeline.

Grado, A; Limatola, L; Getman, F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Improved motors for utility applications. Volume 2. Industry assessment study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Auxiliary drive motor failures in electric utility applications result in large repair costs and, energy replacement costs. In order to assess the motor reliability experience of the utility industry and identify specific problem areas, information or more than 4800 motors at 132 generating units owned by 56 utilities was collected. The computerized database encompasses all fuel sources, geographic factors and motor manufacturers. Analysis of the data, field interviews with utilities across the country and technical judgment were used to identify the major factors influencing motor reliability. In total, 1221 failures were reported which represents a rate of 4.6% failure per motor per year. Several utilities reported experience as good as 1 or 2% and others as poor as 12%. Although all manufacturers can supply reliable equipment for most applications, failures of specific components in certain specific applications appear to be associated with specific manufacturers. However, overall, 22% of all reported failures were attributed to winding failure and 13% to sleeve bearings. Numerous examples of misapplication were discovered such as the horizontal motor which was vertically mounted by an OEM, inadequately balanced hydraulic thrust loads in a packaged motor/pump system and inappropriate enclosure specified for a motor located outdoors.The internal procedures and practices of those utilities which had particularly low failure rate experience included such factors as, stringent specifications, objective purchasing policies, adequate record keeping and preventative maintenance programs. Auxiliary large drive motor failures are estimated to cost the average utility over $350,000 per unit per year for alternate energy source during outages. Future cooperative efforts by the manufacturers, the A and E firms, the OEM's and the utilities could significantly reduce this value.

Mighdoll, P.; Bloss, R.P.; Hayashi, F.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Electric utility engineer`s FGD manual -- Volume 1: FGD process design. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Part 1 of the Electric Utility Engineer`s Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) Manual emphasizes the chemical and physical processes that form the basis for design and operation of lime- and limestone-based FGD systems applied to coal- or oil-fired steam electric generating stations. The objectives of Part 1 are: to provide a description of the chemical and physical design basis for lime- and limestone-based wet FGD systems; to identify and discuss the various process design parameters and process options that must be considered in developing a specification for a new FGD system; and to provide utility engineers with process knowledge useful for operating and optimizing a lime- or limestone-based wet FGD system.

NONE

1996-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

156

In situ heat treatment process utilizing a closed loop heating system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems and methods for an in situ heat treatment process that utilizes a circulation system to heat one or more treatment areas are described herein. The circulation system may use a heated liquid heat transfer fluid that passes through piping in the formation to transfer heat to the formation. In some embodiments, the piping may be positioned in at least two of the wellbores.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Nguyen, Scott Vinh (Houston, TX)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

157

Process for guidance, containment, treatment, and imaging in a subsurface environment utilizing ferro-fluids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are processes for monitoring and control of underground contamination, which involve the application of ferrofluids. Two broad uses of ferrofluids are described: (1) to control liquid movement by the application of strong external magnetic fields; and (2) to image liquids by standard geophysical methods.

Moridis, George J. (Oakland, CA); Oldenburg, Curtis M. (Mill Valley, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Improved Motors for Utility Applications, Volume 1: Industry Assessment Study: Update and Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This comprehensive analysis of power plant motor failures, which updates an earlier data base, relates failure rates to operating and maintenance practices, as well as application and manufacture. Using the expanded analytic methodology, utilities can analyze the data for other factors significant to improving motor reliability.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Assessment of Advanced Batteries for Energy Storage Applications in Deregulated Electric Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy storage technologies, including advanced batteries, are likely to find new roles in a restructured electric utility environment. This study evaluated the near-term potential of fourteen advanced battery technologies to outperform conventional lead-acid batteries in four key energy storage applications.

1998-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

160

Evaluation of the Westinghouse Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology for Electric Utility Applications in Japan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of integrated solid oxide fuel cell-steam turbine power plants indicates that these plants have the potential to maintain very high efficiencies over a broad range of load conditions. They may provide attractive utility applications for peaking, load following, and cogeneration if cost goals are achieved.

1992-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Guideline for the Utilization of Commercial Grade Items in Nuclear Safety Related Applications (NCIG-07)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reduced availability of spare and replacement parts designed specifically for nuclear safety related components has made it necessary for utilities to purchase commercial grade parts. This study, the seventh in a series cosponsored by the Nuclear Construction Issues Group (NCIG), outlines an acceptance procedure for ensuring that commercial grade items conform with requirements for their use in safety related applications.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Pulse-Jet Fabric Filters for Utility Applications: Volumes 1 and 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The guidelines presented in this two-volume report offer practical information on pulse-jet fabric filter (PJFF) design, operation, and maintenance. They provide utilities with a means of evaluating the potential applicability of PJFFs to specific coals, boilers, and flue gas conditions; incorporating proper design details; and implementing operation and maintenance (O&M) procedures to optimize PJFF performance.

1993-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

163

Utilization of geothermal energy in the mining and processing of tungsten ore. Quarterly report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The status of the engineering and economic feasibility study of utilizing geothermal energy for the mining and processing of tungsten ore at the Union Carbide-Metals Division Pine Creek tungsten complex near Bishop, Calfironia is reviewed. Results of geophysical data analysis including determination of assumed resource parameters are presented. The energy utilization evaluation identifies potential locations for substituting geothermal energy for fossil fuel energy using current technology. Preliminary analyses for local environmental and institutional barriers to development of a geothermal system are also provided.

Lane, C.K.; Erickson, M.V.; Lowe, G.D.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 23 Nutritional Aspects of Soybean Oil and Protein  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 23 Nutritional Aspects of Soybean Oil and Protein Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 23 Nutritional Aspects of S

165

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 9 Handling, Storage, and Transport of Crude and Crude Degummed Soybean Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 9 Handling, Storage, and Transport of Crude and Crude Degummed Soybean Oil Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter

166

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationChapter 3 Physical Properties of Soybeans and Soybean Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 3 Physical Properties of Soybeans and Soybean Products Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 3 Physical Properties

167

Laser Applications in Materials Processing - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Laser Applications in Materials Processing. Sponsorship, MS&T...

168

Electric utility application of wind energy conversion systems on the island of Oahu  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to assess the potential for the application of Wind Energy Conversion Systems (a field of interconnected WTGs denoted in this report by the acronym WECS) in a specific utility contest to gain advance information concerning their economic feasibility; their optional problems; the criteria and procedures for site selection; environmental impacts; legal, social, and other problems; and the balance of cost and benefits from the point of view of the consumer and the utility. This study addresses the circumstances of the Hawaiian Electric Company operations onthe Island of Oahu.

Lindley, C.A.; Melton, W.C.

1979-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

169

Influence of Mechanical Processing on Utilization of Corn Silage by Lactating Dairy Cows 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We conducted three experiments to determine the influence of mechanical processing on corn silage utilization by lactating dairy cows. Total mixed rations contained either unprocessed or processed corn silage harvested between 1/4 and 3/4 milk line. In trial 1, 12 multiparous Holstein cows were used in a replicated double switchback design with 21-d periods. Intake of dry matter (DM) was increased 1.2 kg/d by processing, but milk yield was unaffected. Processing did not affect apparent total-tract DM digestibility, but processing tended to lower starch and corn excretion in feces and reduced concentration of sieved corn kernel particles in feces. In trial 2, 42 Holstein cows were used in an 18-wk randomized complete-block design. Intake of DM and milk yield were unaffected by processing, but milk fat percent was increased 0.35 percentage units by processing. Processing tended to increase total-tract digestibility of starch, but reduced organic matter, crude protein, and neutral detergent fiber digestibilities. In trial 3, 30 Holstein cows were used in a 15-wk randomized complete block design. There was no influence of mechanical processing on intake or lactation performance in this trial. Despite indications of increased starch digestion in two trials and increased DM intake in one trial, effects of processing corn silage on lactation performance were minimal with corn silage at the maturity and moisture contents used in these trials.

T. R. Dhiman; M. A. Bal; Z. Wu; V. R. Moreira; R. D. Shaver; L. D. Satter; K. J. Shinners; R. P. Walgenbach

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

High Temperature Titanium: Applications, Processing, and Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2010 ... Other potential applications for titanium aluminides are casings or compressor blades. Titanium aluminide alloys with intermediate niobium...

171

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Maintenance Engineering Fundamentals for Nuclear Utility Personnel - Student Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This EPRI report is the student handbook for participants in a training course on maintenance engineering fundamentals for nuclear utility personnel. The training course was developed in conjunction with EPRI report 1015307, Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Maintenance Engineer Fundamentals Handbook. Among the materials in the student handbook are an overview of the entire course; lists of pertinent definitions, acronyms, and resource materials; summaries of learning objectives and key points for...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

172

Benefits of Utilizing Advanced Metering Provided Information Support and Control Capabilities in Distribution Automation Application s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced Metering systems can serve a variety of applications beyond revenue cycle services. This paper describes several distribution automation functions that can significantly benefit from integration with the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI). Installation of Smart Meters with two-way communications is under way at several service territories of electric utilities throughout North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. These meters could be capable of providing a variety of data representing the p...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

173

GIS/GPS Workshop '99: Applications and Developments for Electric Utilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents a 1999 EPRI workshop on recent geographic information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) applications and developments relevant to electric utilities. The workshop content centered around the current state of the art in GIS and GPS technology suited to the planning, design, and management of power delivery assets. Contained in the report are the workshop agenda, lists of presenters and attendees, copies of the workshop presentations, and a summary of the group discussi...

1999-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

174

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and CharacterizationChapter 7 The Economics of Malaysian Palm Oil Production, Marketing and Utilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and Characterization Chapter 7 The Economics of Malaysian Palm Oil Production, Marketing and Utilization Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology H

175

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 20 Human Nutrition Value of Soybean Oil and Soy Protein  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 20 Human Nutrition Value of Soybean Oil and Soy Protein Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology Health -

176

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 3 Harvesting, Storing, and Post-Harvest Management of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 3 Harvesting, Storing, and Post-Harvest Management of Soybeans Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science & Technology H

177

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 18 Nutritional Properties and Feeding Values of Soybeans and Their Coproducts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 18 Nutritional Properties and Feeding Values of Soybeans and Their Coproducts Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science

178

The effects of ergonomic stressors on process tool maintenance and utilization  

SciTech Connect

This study examines ergonomic stressors associated with front-end process tool maintenance, relates them to decreased machine utilization, and proposes solution strategies to reduce their negative impact on productivity. Member company ergonomists observed technicians performing field maintenance tasks on seven different bottleneck tools and recorded ergonomic stressors using SEMaCheck, a graphics-based, integrated checklist developed by Sandia National Laboratories. The top ten stressors were prioritized according to a cost formula that accounted for difficulty, time, and potential errors. Estimates of additional time on a task caused by ergonomic stressors demonstrated that machine utilization could be increased from 6% to 25%. Optimal solution strategies were formulated based on redesign budget, stressor cost, and estimates of solution costs and benefits

Miller, D.

1998-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

179

A reverse osmosis treatment process for produced water: optimization, process control, and renewable energy application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fresh water resources in many of the world's oil producing regions, such as western Texas, are scarce, while produced water from oil wells is plentiful, though unfit for most applications due to high salinity and other contamination. Disposing of this water is a great expense to oil producers. This research seeks to advance a technology developed to treat produced water by reverse osmosis and other means to render it suitable for agricultural or industrial use, while simultaneously reducing disposal costs. Pilot testing of the process thus far has demonstrated the technology's capability to produce good-quality water, but process optimization and control were yet to be fully addressed and are focuses of this work. Also, the use of renewable resources (wind and solar) are analyzed as potential power sources for the process, and an overview of reverse osmosis membrane fouling is presented. A computer model of the process was created using a dynamic simulator, Aspen Dynamics, to determine energy consumption of various process design alternatives, and to test control strategies. By preserving the mechanical energy of the concentrate stream of the reverse osmosis membrane, process energy requirements can be reduced several fold from that of the current configuration. Process control schemes utilizing basic feedback control methods with proportional-integral (PI) controllers are proposed, with the feasibility of the strategy for the most complex process design verified by successful dynamic simulation. A macro-driven spreadsheet was created to allow for quick and easy cost comparisons of renewable energy sources in a variety of locations. Using this tool, wind and solar costs were compared for cities in regions throughout Texas. The renewable energy resource showing the greatest potential was wind power, with the analysis showing that in windy regions such as the Texas Panhandle, wind-generated power costs are approximately equal to those generated with diesel fuel.

Mareth, Brett

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Initial cost analysis of a desalination process utilizing hydrotalcite and permutite for ion sequestration.  

SciTech Connect

An initial cost analysis of a proposed desalination process was performed. The proposed process utilizes tailored inorganic ion exchangers, hydrotalcite and permutite, to sequester anions and cations from a brackish water solution. Three different process scenarios were considered: (1) disposal of the spent exchangers as dry waste (2) conventional chemical regeneration, and (3) acid regeneration of permutite coupled with thermal (550 C) regeneration of hydrotalcite. Disposal of the resin and conventional regeneration are not viable options from an economic standpoint. Applying limited data and optimistic assumptions to the third scenario yielded an estimate of $2.34/kgal of product water. Published values for applying conventional reverse osmosis to similar water streams range from $0.70 to $2.65/kgal. Consistent with these baseline values, the Water Treatment Estimation Routine, WaTER, developed by the United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation produced a cost estimate of $1.16/kgal for brackish water reverse osmosis.

Miller, James Edward; Evans, Lindsey R.

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Utilization of natural gas in large-scale separation processes. Final report, September 1987-August 1988  

SciTech Connect

Several industrial separation processes were identified which could be operated in a cost-effective manner utilizing pipeline natural gas as a processing fluid. In one such process, natural gas stripping, hazardous materials are transferred from hazardous water to the natural gas phase. When the natural gas phase is later burned as fuel, the heating value is realized and hazardous materials are destroyed. The combination of extraction, natural gas stripping, and incineration may be used to remove and destroy hazardous material contained in soil. It is possible for this system to be portable so that it could be used for the treatment of contaminated soils at remote sites. Natural gas may also be used to flush hazardous materials from adsorbents and thus regenerate adsorption beds used to remove hazardous materials from water or gas streams. The regenerant gas stream, containing natural gas and hazardous materials, would be used as boiler fuel where the hazardous material would be destroyed.

Humphrey, J.L.

1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

The market potential for SMES in electric utility applications. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) is an emerging technology with features that are potentially attractive in electric utility applications. This study evaluates the potential for SMES technology in the generation, transmission, distribution, and use of electric energy; the time frame of the assessment is through the year 2030. Comparisons are made with other technology options, including both commercially available and advanced systems such as various peaking generation technologies, transmission stability improvement technologies, and power quality enhancement devices. The methodology used for this study focused on the needs of the market place, the capabilities of S and the characteristics of the competing technologies. There is widespread interest within utilities for the development of SMES technology, but there is no general consensus regarding the most attractive size. Considerable uncertainty exists regarding the eventual costs and benefits of commercial SMES systems, but general trends have been developed based on current industry knowledge. Results of this analysis indicate that as storage capacity increases, cost increases at a rate faster than benefits. Transmission system applications requiring dynamic storage appear to have the most attractive economics. Customer service applications may be economic in the near term, but improved ride-through capability of end-use equipment may limit the size of this market over time. Other applications requiring greater storage capacity appear to be only marginally economic at best.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications - Daiwon Choi, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications Daiwon Choi, Vilayanur V. Viswanathan, Wei Wang, Vincent L. Sprenkle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Blvd., P. O. Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, USA DOE Energy Storage Program Review, Washington, DC Sept. 26-28, 2012 Acknowledgment: Dr. Imre Gyuk - Energy Storage Program Manager, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  Investigate the Li-ion battery for stationary energy storage unit in ~kWh level.  Fabrication and optimization of LiFePO 4 / Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 18650 cell.  Li-ion battery energy storage with effective thermal management.  Improve rate and cycle life of Li-ion battery.  Screen possible new cathode/anode electrode materials and its combinations

184

Industrial Process Heating: Current and Emerging Applications of Electrotechnologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update reviews the state of electric industrial process heating technologies and discusses new heating applications for industrial processes. It principally covers four electric process-heating technologies: induction heating, microwave heating, radio frequency heating, and infrared heating. Information is also presented for other technologies that provide efficient and new applications of electric process heating. These are heat pumps, electron beam heating, electric arc heating, plasma h...

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

185

Superconducting magnetic energy storage applications and benefits for electric utility power systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Large SMES units are being studied for electric utility applications as diurnal, load-curve leveling and as transient stabilizer units. Such SMES units show promise of providing greater operating flexibility than pumped-hydro or other types of energy storage. This operating flexibility, together with its fast response capability to provide transient and dynamic stabilization benefits to a power system, are discussed. Small SMES units are being designed for dynamic stability applications on electric power systems for use when negatively damped system operating conditions are encountered. The 30-MJ, 10-MW SMES dynamic-stabilizer design is presented; and the status of the component development and fabrication contracts which have been placed with commercial manufacturers is discussed.

Turner, R.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Small turbines in distributed utility application: Natural gas pressure supply requirements  

SciTech Connect

Implementing distributed utility can strengthen the local distribution system and help avoid or delay the expense of upgrading transformers and feeders. The gas turbine-generator set is an attractive option based on its low front-end capital cost, reliable performance at unmanned stations, and environmental performance characteristics. This report assesses gas turbine utilization issues from a perspective of fuel supply pressure requirements and discusses both cost and operational factors. A primary operational consideration for siting gas turbines on the electric distribution system is whether the local gas distribution company can supply gas at the required pressure. Currently available gas turbine engines require gas supply pressures of at least 150 pounds per square inch gauge, more typically, 250 to 350 psig. Few LDCs maintain line pressure in excess of 125 psig. One option for meeting the gas pressure requirements is to upgrade or extend an existing pipeline and connect that pipeline to a high-pressure supply source, such as an interstate transmission line. However, constructing new pipeline is expensive, and the small volume of gas required by the turbine for the application offers little incentive for the LDC to provide this service. Another way to meet gas pressure requirements is to boost the compression of the fuel gas at the gas turbine site. Fuel gas booster compressors are readily available as stand-alone units and can satisfactorily increase the supply pressure to meet the turbine engine requirement. However, the life-cycle costs of this equipment are not inconsequential, and maintenance and reliability issues for boosters in this application are questionable and require further study. These factors may make the gas turbine option a less attractive solution in DU applications than first indicated by just the $/kW capital cost. On the other hand, for some applications other DU technologies, such as photovoltaics, may be the more attractive option.

Goldstein, H.L.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Industrial Application of Friction Stir Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modern equipment manufacturers for FSW/FSP are presented. Proceedings ... Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Al 6061- 3% TiB2 In Situ Alloy Composite Processed through Cryorolling ... Mechanical Behaviour of Ultrafine Grained Zircaloy-2.

188

A New Scheme on Robust Observer Based Control Design for Nonlinear Interconnected Systems with Application to an Industrial Utility Boiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Application to an Industrial Utility Boiler Adarsha Swarnakar, Horacio Jose Marquez and Tongwen Chen Abstract. The controller design is evaluated on a natural circulation drum boiler, where the nonlinear model describes

Marquez, Horacio J.

189

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 10 Soy Molasses: Processing and Utilization as a Functional Food  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 10 Soy Molasses: Processing and Utilization as a Functional Food Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Pre

190

Sensor Acquisition for Water Utilities: Survey, Down Selection Process, and Technology List  

SciTech Connect

The early detection of the biological and chemical contamination of water distribution systems is a necessary capability for securing the nation's water supply. Current and emerging early-detection technology capabilities and shortcomings need to be identified and assessed to provide government agencies and water utilities with an improved methodology for assessing the value of installing these technologies. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has tasked a multi-laboratory team to evaluate current and future needs to protect the nation's water distribution infrastructure by supporting an objective evaluation of current and new technologies. The LLNL deliverable from this Operational Technology Demonstration (OTD) was to assist the development of a technology acquisition process for a water distribution early warning system. The technology survey includes a review of previous sensor surveys and current test programs and a compiled database of relevant technologies. In the survey paper we discuss previous efforts by governmental agencies, research organizations, and private companies. We provide a survey of previous sensor studies with regard to the use of Early Warning Systems (EWS) that includes earlier surveys, testing programs, and response studies. The list of sensor technologies was ultimately developed to assist in the recommendation of candidate technologies for laboratory and field testing. A set of recommendations for future sensor selection efforts has been appended to this document, as has a down selection example for a hypothetical water utility.

Alai, M; Glascoe, L; Love, A; Johnson, M; Einfeld, W

2005-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

191

Applications of molten salts in plutonium processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plutonium is efficiently recovered from scrap at Los Alamos by a series of chemical reactions and separations conducted at temperatures ranging from 700 to 900/sup 0/C. These processes usually employ a molten salt or salt eutectic as a heat sink and/or reaction medium. Salts for these operations were selected early in the development cycle. The selection criteria are being reevaluated. In this article we describe the processes now in use at Los Alamos and our studies of alternate salts and eutectics.

Bowersox, D.F.; Christensen, D.C.; Williams, J.D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Autonomous Correction of Sensor Data Applied to Building Technologies Utilizing Statistical Processing Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Autonomous detection and correction of potentially missing or corrupt sensor data is a essential concern in building technologies since data availability and correctness is necessary to develop accurate software models for instrumented experiments. Therefore, this paper aims to address this problem by using statistical processing methods including: (1) least squares; (2) maximum likelihood estimation; (3) segmentation averaging; and (4) threshold based techniques. Application of these validation schemes are applied to a subset of data collected from Oak Ridge National Laboratory s (ORNL) ZEBRAlliance research project, which is comprised of four single-family homes in Oak Ridge, TN outfitted with a total of 1,218 sensors. The focus of this paper is on three different types of sensor data: (1) temperature; (2) humidity; and (3) energy consumption. Simulations illustrate the threshold based statistical processing method performed best in predicting temperature, humidity, and energy data.

Castello, Charles C [ORNL; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Improve Boiler System Operations- Application of Statistical Process Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Utilities Department provides utility services to Monsanto and Cain Chemical Company production units at Chocolate Bayou. Over two years ago the department recognized that a significant reduction in waste and rework could be achieved by improving steam boiler and boiler feedwater system operations. The processes were experiencing high maintenance cost due to metering pump and analyzer failures, equipment failures and fouling due to poor control of chemical treatment, and steam vent losses due to unproven system reliability. The team used statistical process control to prevent overadjustment of the process, identified special causes, interviewed customers and applied the ten steps to quality improvement. Results include a six-fold reduction in process variability, $2.3 million/year cost reduction, and improved reliability and customer relations.

Scarr, D.; Shea, D.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Construction and applicability of military ontology for semantic data processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, ontology has been utilized as a crucial element in knowledge management and knowledge representation. In the military area, the importance of ontology is also increasing. If military ontology is provided, machines will be able to understand ... Keywords: ATCIS, MOBM, military ontology, semantic data processing, semantic web

Minyoung Ra; Donghee Yoo; Sungchun No

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Risk-Informed Process Hierarchy for Fossil Plant Maintenance Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the functions, capabilities, and features of risk-informed maintenance processes for fossil power plants. This research is the basis on which to develop a software module in an enterprise asset management system (EAMS). Some power plants already use one of the processes described in this report. Additional capabilities are described to enhance that process. New processes are described that address additional applications for risk-informed maintenance.

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

196

Josephson technology special purpose systolic architecture signal processing application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A signal processing application (undersea surveillance) requiring 50 billion multiplies per second was analyzed. A solution is described which exploits both the significant performance potential of Josephson technology and the powerful elegance of systolic linear arrays. 5 references.

Troutman, B.C.; Mercy, B.R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

"Artificial Intelligence Systmes Techniques and Applications in Speech Processing"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Campbell,D.R. Fyfe,C. Girolami,M. Intelligence Systems Technology and Applications, Vol.III Signal, Image and Speech processing, 1-48, Ed: C T Leondes pp V.III 1-48 CRC Press

Campbell, D.R.; Fyfe, C.; Girolami, M.

198

Phase 2: Photovoltaics for utility scale applications (PVUSA). Second quarterly technical report, 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seventy-five people attended PVUSA`s ``Grid-Support PV: Application and Assessment`` workshop in San Francisco on June 9--10. Results from the Kerman project`s distributed benefits evaluation were presented, along with results of four Sandia-sponsored utility case studies. Presentations on SMUD`s and UPVG`s PV programs were given, and several speakers addressed broader issues, such as the role of distributed generation in the changing utility environment, utility restructuring, and PV markets and applications. SMUD`s 200-kW UPG system at their Hedge substation site in Sacramento, California was brought on line in early April and christened at a dedication ceremony on April 18. This system uses SSI modules mounted on twenty rows of UPG-designed one-axis tracking structures, with power fed to a tingle Omnion PCU. In May, SSI notified PVUSA that it would cease additional work on its US-1 system at Davis. Rather than continue development work on both of the system`s Blue Point PCUs, SSI requested to close out its contract with just one of the system`s two PCUs in operation. One unit, inverter ``A``, continued to fail after over two years of troubleshooting and repairs. The other unit, inverter ``B``, has operated reasonablywell, although it too has frequently tripped off line. The half system was mted at 67 kill, 23% less than expected based on one half of the contract target 174 kill. Subsequent I-V curves suggest much of the shortfall may be traced to a 15% shortfall in the dc array field`s maximum power. The EMT and US systems at six PVUSA sites generated nearly 750,000 kWh this quarter, the same energy used by about 500 homes over the same period. For the first half of 1994, the performance index, or ratio of actual to expected generation has exceeded 90%, for six of the twelve completed systems for which data are available. Five of the remaining six systems have generated between 80% and 90% of their expected output.

Not Available

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Overview of Access Authorization Process for Applicants, May, 2013 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Overview of Access Authorization Process for Applicants, May, 2013 Overview of Access Authorization Process for Applicants, May, 2013 Overview of Access Authorization Process for Applicants, May, 2013 May, 2013 This overview will help individuals new to the process understand what it means to obtain and maintain a Department of Energy (DOE) security clearance or access authorization This overview will help individuals new to the process understand what it means to obtain and maintain a Department of Energy (DOE) security clearance or access authorization. You are a part of a select group of individuals who are being considered for access to classified information maintained by DOE. As you know, the protection of classified information is very important to our national security. Generally, classified information is official information or material that requires protection in

200

Potential applications of helium-cooled high-temperature reactors to process heat use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors (HTRs) permit nuclear energy to be applied to a number of processes presently utilizing fossil fuels. Promising applications of HTRs involve cogeneration, thermal energy transport using molten salt systems, steam reforming of methane for production of chemicals, coal and oil shale liquefaction or gasification, and - in the longer term - energy transport using a chemical heat pipe. Further, HTRs might be used in the more distant future as the energy source for thermochemical hydrogen production from water. Preliminary results of ongoing studies indicate that the potential market for Process Heat HTRs by the year 2020 is about 150 to 250 GW(t) for process heat/cogeneration application, plus approximately 150 to 300 GW(t) for application to fossil conversion processes. HTR cogeneration plants appear attractive in the near term for new industrial plants using large amounts of process heat, possibly for present industrial plants in conjunction with molten-salt energy distribution systems, and also for some fossil conversion processes. HTR reformer systems will take longer to develop, but are applicable to chemicals production, a larger number of fossil conversion processes, and to chemical heat pipes.

Gambill, W.R.; Kasten, P.R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

High-temperature superconductor current leads for electric utility SMES applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Current leads that utilize high-temperature superconductors (HTSS) to deliver power to devices operating at liquid helium temperature have the potential to reduce refrigeration requirements to levels significantly below those achievable with conventional leads. As part of the US Department of Energy`s Superconductivity Technology Program, Argonne National Laboratory and two industrial partners are developing HTS current leads for application to superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems. Superconductivity, Inc. (SI) is a supplier of micro-SMES systems for power-quality applications. A typical SI SMES system has an 0.3-kWh energy capacity and operates at currents up to 1.2 k.A. The Babcock & Wilcox Company (B&W) is engaged in a project to design, build, and demonstrate a midsized SMES system. The B&W system has an 0.5-MWh energy capacity and operates at currents up to 16 kA. Details of the lead designs. including materials, configuration and performance predictions. are presented.

Niemann, R.C.; Cha, Y.S.; Hull, J.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Buckles, W.E.; Weber, B.R. [Superconductivity, Inc., Madison, WI (United States); Dixon, K.D.; Rey, C.M. [Babcock and Wilcox Company, Lynchburg, VA (United States). Naval Nuclear Fuel Div.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the project is to build a multi-product ash beneficiation plant at Kentucky Utilities 2,200-MW Ghent Generating Station, located in Carroll County, Kentucky. This part of the study includes an investigation of the secondary classification characteristics of the ash feedstock excavated from the lower ash pond at Ghent Station. The market study for the products of the processing plant (Subtask 1.6), conducted by Cemex, is reported herein. The study incorporated simplifying assumptions and focused only on pozzolan and ultra fine fly ash (UFFA). It found that the market for pozzolan in the Ghent area was oversupplied, with resultant poor pricing structure. Reachable export markets for the Ghent pozzolan market were mostly locally served with the exception of Florida. It was concluded that a beneficiated material for that market may be at a long term disadvantage. The market for the UFFA was more complex as this material would compete with other beneficiated ash and potential metakaolin and silica fume as well. The study concluded that this market represented about 100,000 tons of sales per year and, although lucrative, represented a widely dispersed niche market.

Andrew Jackura; John Groppo; Thomas Robl

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Quaternion atomic function wavelet for applications in image processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic Functions are widely used in different applications in image processing, pattern recognition, computational physics and also in the digital interpretation of signal measurements. The main contribution of this work is to develop a Quaternionic ... Keywords: 2D phase information, atomic functions, image processing, quaternion algebra

E. Ulises Moya-Snchez; Eduardo Bayro-Corrochano

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

An application of DCS device to a heat exchange process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, an application of distributed control system (DCS) device to a heat exchange process is shown. In details, first, nonlinear model and feedback tracking control scheme of a spiral heat exchange process are obtained. Second, the designed ... Keywords: DCS, nonlinear control, nonlinear model, right coprime factorization, robust stability

Junya Okazaki; Shengjun Wen; Mingcong Deng; Dongyun Wang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

ISA Approves Standard for Wireless Automation in Process Control Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ISA Approves Standard for Wireless Automation in Process Control Applications ISA Approves Standard for Wireless Automation in Process Control Applications September 22, 2009 On September 9, the Standards and Practices Board of the International Society for Automation (ISA) approved the ISA-100.11a wireless standard, "Wireless Systems for Industrial Automation: Process Control and Related Applications," making it an official ISA standard. The standard is intended to provide secure, reliable wireless operation for monitoring, alerting, and control applications. It enables robustness with non-ISA-compliant legacy wireless systems, coexistence and interoperability with other wireless devices, and robustness in harsh industrial environments. To meet the needs of industrial wireless users and operators of low-energy fixed, portable, and moving

206

Supercritical Fluid Extraction Applications in the Process Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE), a separations technique, has recently attracted the attention of the process industries. SFE is based on the observation that a fluid exhibits enhanced solvating ability when compressed at temperatures near its critical temperature to pressures greater than its critical pressure. This extraction process can, under certain circumstances, offer economic advantages comparable to those of conventional separation techniques. Several commercial supercritical processes are currently in operation in the United States and Europe, and new industrial applications are emerging. In this paper, the current and future applications of supercritical fluid technology and the prospects for implementing an SFE operation on an industrial scale are reviewed.

Lahiere, R. J.; Fair, J. R.; Humphrey, J. L.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Engineering and economic analysis for the utilization of geothermal fluids in a cane sugar processing plant. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of geothermal resource utilization at the Puna Sugar Company cane sugar processing plant, located in Keaau, Hawaii. A proposed well site area was selected based on data from surface exploratory surveys. The liquid dominated well flow enters a binary thermal arrangement, which results in an acceptable quality steam for process use. Hydrogen sulfide in the well gases is incinerated, leaving sulfur dioxide in the waste gases. The sulfur dioxide in turn is recovered and used in the cane juice processing at the sugar factory. The clean geothermal steam from the binary system can be used directly for process requirements. It replaces steam generated by the firing of the waste fibrous product from cane sugar processing. The waste product, called bagasse, has a number of alternative uses, but an evaluation clearly indicated it should continue to be employed for steam generation. This steam, no longer required for process demands, can be directed to increased electric power generation. Revenues gained by the sale of this power to the utility, in addition to other savings developed through the utilization of geothermal energy, can offset the costs associated with hydrothermal utilization.

Humme, J.T.; Tanaka, M.T.; Yokota, M.H.; Furumoto, A.S.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

DOE/EA-1498: Advanced Coal Utilization Byproduct Beneficiation Processing Plant Ghent Power Station, Carroll County, Kentucky (01/05)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1498 EA-1498 Advanced Coal Utilization Byproduct Beneficiation Processing Plant Ghent Power Station, Carroll County, Kentucky Final Environmental Assessment January 2005 Note: No comments were received during the public comment period from September 25 to October 25, 2004. Therefore, no changes to the Draft Environmental Assessment were necessary. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The proposed Federal action is to provide funding, through a cooperative agreement with the University of Kentucky Research Foundation (UKRF), Center for Applied Energy Research (CAER), for the design, construction, and operation of an advanced coal ash beneficiation processing plant at Kentucky Utilities (KU) Ghent Power Station in Carroll County, Kentucky.

209

Robust Output Feedback Stabilization of Nonlinear Interconnected Systems with Application to an Industrial Utility Boiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to an Industrial Utility Boiler Adarsha Swarnakar, Horacio Jose Marquez and Tongwen Chen Abstract-- This paper boiler (Utility boiler), where the nonlinear model describes the complicated dynamics of the drum

Marquez, Horacio J.

210

Cost-effective applications of photovoltaics for electric utilities: An overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cost targets for the large-scale entry of photovoltaic (PV) systems keep moving, subject to the vagaries of global oil prices and the economic health of the world. Over the last four decades since a practical PV device was announced, costs have come down by a factor of 20 or more and this downward trend is expected to continue, albeit at a slower pace. Simultaneously, conversion efficiencies have nearly tripled. There are many applications today for which PV is cost-effective. In recognition of this, utility interest in PV is increasing and this is manifested by projects such as PVUSA and Central and South West`s renewable resource development effort. While no major technical barriers for the entry of PV systems have been uncovered, several key issues such as power quality, system reliability, ramp rates, spinning reserve requirements, and misoperation of protection schemes will have to be dealt with as the penetration of this technology increases. PV is still in the evolutionary phase and is expected to grow for several decades to come. Fueled by environmental considerations, interest in PV is showing a healthy rise both in the minds of the public and in the planning realms of the electric power community. In recognition of this, the Energy Development Subcommittee of the IEEE Energy Development and Power Generation Committee organized a Panel Session on photovoltaics applications at the 1993 International Joint Power Generation Conference held in Kansas City, Missouri. Summaries of the four presentations are assembled here for the benefit of the readers of this Review.

Bigger, J.E. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

211

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is to design, construct, and operate an ash beneficiation facility that will generate several products from coal combustion ash stored in a utility ash pond. The site selected is LG&E's Ghent Station located in Carroll County, Kentucky. The specific site under consideration is the lower ash pond at Ghent, a closed landfill encompassing over 100 acres. Coring activities revealed that the pond contains over 7 million tons of ash, including over 1.5 million tons of coarse carbon and 1.8 million tons of fine (<10 {micro}m) glassy pozzolanic material. These potential products are primarily concentrated in the lower end of the pond adjacent to the outlet. A representative bulk sample was excavated for conducting laboratory-scale process testing while a composite 150 ton sample was also excavated for demonstration-scale testing at the Ghent site. A mobile demonstration plant with a design feed rate of 2.5 tph was constructed and hauled to the Ghent site to evaluate unit processes (i.e. primary classification, froth flotation, spiral concentration, secondary classification, etc.) on a continuous basis to determine appropriate scale-up data. Unit processes were configured into four different flowsheets and operated at a feed rate of 2.5 tph to verify continuous operating performance and generate bulk (1 to 2 tons) products for product testing. Cementitious products were evaluated for performance in mortar and concrete as well as cement manufacture process addition. All relevant data from the four flowsheets was compiled to compare product yields and quality while preliminary flowsheet designs were generated to determine throughputs, equipment size specifications and capital cost summaries. A detailed market study was completed to evaluate the potential markets for cementitious products. Results of the study revealed that the Ghent local fly ash market is currently oversupplied by more than 500,000 tpy and distant markets (i.e. Florida) are oversupplied as well. While the total US demand for ultrafine pozzolan is currently equal to demand, there is no reason to expect a significant increase in demand. Despite the technical merits identified in the pilot plant work with regard to beneficiating the entire pond ash stream, market developments in the Ohio River Valley area during 2006-2007 were not conducive to demonstrating the project at the scale proposed in the Cooperative Agreement. As a result, Cemex withdrew from the project in 2006 citing unfavorable local market conditions in the foreseeable future at the demonstration site. During the Budget Period 1 extensions provided by the DOE, CAER has contacted several other companies, including cement producers and ash marketing concerns for private cost share. Based on the prevailing demand-supply situation, these companies had expressed interest only in limited product lines, rather than the entire ash beneficiation product stream. Although CAER had generated interest in the technology, a financial commitment to proceed to Budget Period 2 could not be obtained from private companies. Furthermore, the prospects of any decisions being reached within a reasonable time frame were dim. Thus, CAER concurred with the DOE to conclude the project at the end of Budget Period 1, March 31, 2007. The activities presented in this report were carried out during the Cooperative Agreement period 08 November 2004 through 31 March 2007.

Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

212

Gaussian Process Modeling: Applications to Building Systems and Algorithmic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gaussian Process Modeling: Applications to Building Systems and Algorithmic Gaussian Process Modeling: Applications to Building Systems and Algorithmic Challenges Speaker(s): Victor M. Zavala Date: November 5, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mary Ann Piette Michael Sohn We review applications and algorithmic challenges of Gaussian Process (GP) modeling. GP is a powerful and flexible uncertainty quantification and data analysis technique that enables the construction of complex models without the need to specify algebraic relationships between variables. This is done by working directly in the space of the kernel or covariance matrix. In addition, it derives from a Bayesian framework and, as such, it naturally provides predictive probability distributions. We describe how these features can be exploited in Measurement and Verification (M&V) tasks and

213

NGNP Process Heat Applications: Hydrogen Production Accomplishments for FY2010  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes FY10 accomplishments of the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Engineering Process Heat Applications group in support of hydrogen production technology development. This organization is responsible for systems needed to transfer high temperature heat from a high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) reactor (being developed by the INL NGNP Project) to electric power generation and to potential industrial applications including the production of hydrogen.

Charles V Park

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

High-flux solar photon processes: Opportunities for applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall goal of this study was to identify new high-flux solar photon (HFSP) processes that show promise of being feasible and in the national interest. Electric power generation and hazardous waste destruction were excluded from this study at sponsor request. Our overall conclusion is that there is promise for new applications of concentrated solar photons, especially in certain aspects of materials processing and premium materials synthesis. Evaluation of the full potential of these and other possible applications, including opportunities for commercialization, requires further research and testing. 100 refs.

Steinfeld, J.I.; Coy, S.L.; Herzog, H.; Shorter, J.A.; Schlamp, M.; Tester, J.W.; Peters, W.A. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

ADVANCED MULTI-PRODUCT COAL UTILIZATION BY-PRODUCT PROCESSING PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to build a multi-product ash beneficiation plant at Kentucky Utilities 2,200-MW Ghent Generating Station, located in Carroll County, Kentucky. This part of the study includes the examination of the feedstocks for the beneficiation plant. The ash, as produced by the plant, and that stored in the lower pond were examined. The ash produced by the plant was found to be highly variable as the plant consumes high and low sulfur bituminous coal, in Units 1 and 2 and a mixture of subbituminous and bituminous coal in Units 3 and 4. The ash produced reflected this consisting of an iron-rich ({approx}24%, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}), aluminum rich ({approx}29% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) and high calcium (6%-7%, CaO) ash, respectively. The LOI of the ash typically was in the range of 5.5% to 6.5%, but individual samples ranged from 1% to almost 9%. The lower pond at Ghent is a substantial body, covering more than 100 acres, with a volume that exceeds 200 million cubic feet. The sedimentation, stratigraphy and resource assessment of the in place ash was investigated with vibracoring and three-dimensional, computer-modeling techniques. Thirteen cores to depths reaching nearly 40 feet, were retrieved, logged in the field and transported to the lab for a series of analyses for particle size, loss on ignition, petrography, x-ray diffraction, and x-ray fluorescence. Collected data were processed using ArcViewGIS, Rockware, and Microsoft Excel to create three-dimensional, layered iso-grade maps, as well as stratigraphic columns and profiles, and reserve estimations. The ash in the pond was projected to exceed 7 million tons and contain over 1.5 million tons of coarse carbon, and 1.8 million tons of fine (<10 {micro}m) glassy pozzolanic material. The size, quality and consistency of the ponded material suggests that it is the better feedstock for the beneficiation plant.

Robert Jewell; Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

UCSC EMPLOYEE HOUSING APARTMENTS APPLICATION Rental rates include: rent, refuse collection, common area utilities, groundskeeping services, and repairs and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UCSC EMPLOYEE HOUSING APARTMENTS APPLICATION Rental rates include: rent, refuse collection, common. Tenants pay for their own utilities (i.e., electricity, gas, water, telephone and cable services). A $750 for current rental rates): 1 bedroom 1 bdrm deluxe 2 bdrm/1 bath 2 bdrm/2 bath) If you are interested in a two

California at Santa Cruz, University of

217

Evaluation of lead/carbon devices for utility applications : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Program.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the results of a three-phase project that evaluated lead-based energy storage technologies for utility-scale applications and developed carbon materials to improve the performance of lead-based energy storage technologies. In Phase I, lead/carbon asymmetric capacitors were compared to other technologies that used the same or similar materials. At the end of Phase I (in 2005) it was found that lead/carbon asymmetric capacitors were not yet fully developed and optimized (cost/performance) to be a viable option for utility-scale applications. It was, however, determined that adding carbon to the negative electrode of a standard lead-acid battery showed promise for performance improvements that could be beneficial for use in utility-scale applications. In Phase II various carbon types were developed and evaluated in lead-acid batteries. Overall it was found that mesoporous activated carbon at low loadings and graphite at high loadings gave the best cycle performance in shallow PSoC cycling. Phase III studied cost/performance benefits for a specific utility application (frequency regulation) and the full details of this analysis are included as an appendix to this report.

Walmet, Paula S. (MeadWestvaco Corporation,North Charleston, SC)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Supplemental Guidance for the Application of EPRI Report NP-5652 on the Utilization of Commercial Grade Items  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Significant industry activity has occurred in the area of commercial grade dedication since the publication of EPRI NP-5652 in 1988. This document evaluates these activities and provides updated information which can further assist utilities in reducing the engineering and procurement costs associated with commercial grade items (CGIs) intended for nuclear safety-related applications.

1994-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

219

Image/Time Series Mining Algorithms: Applications to Developmental Biology, Document Processing and Data Streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications to Developmental Biology, Document ProcessingApplications to Developmental Biology, Document Processingto develop- mental biology, historical manuscript

Tataw, Oben Moses

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

TRUEX process - a process for the extraction of the transuranic elements from nitric acid wastes utilizing modified PUREX solvent  

SciTech Connect

A generic transuranic (TRU) element extraction/recovery process was developed based on the use of octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine oxide, O phi D(iB)CMPO, dissolved in PUREX process solvent (tributyl phosphate, TBP, in normal paraffinic hydrocarbon, NPH). The process (called TRUEX) is capable of reducing the TRU concentration by many orders of magnitude in waste solutions containing a wide range of nitric acid, salt, and fission product concentrations. A major feature of the process is that it is readily adaptable for waste processing in existing fuel reprocessing facilities.

Horwitz, E.P.; Kalina, D.G.; Diamond, H.; Vandegrift, G.F.; Schulz, W.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Business reasons for utilizing renewable energy applications in facilities to assist in extending the life of the heating ventilation and air conditioning systems .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research is intended to discover business reasons for utilizing renewable energy applications in buildings to help extend the life of the heating, ventilation and (more)

Thompson, Glendon Raymond

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to build a multi-product ash beneficiation plant at Kentucky Utilities 2,200-MW Ghent Generating Station, located in Carroll County, Kentucky. This part of the study includes an investigation of the secondary classification characteristics of the ash feedstock excavated from the lower ash pond at Ghent Station.

John Groppo; Thomas Robl

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

223

Implementing image processing applications on a real-time architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents three examples of realtime image processing applications that were implemented on a data- ow architecture developed at the ETCA. Low-level image processing is performed on a regular three-dimensional network of 1024 custom data- ow processors. Image features previously extracted in the low-level step are handled by a two-dimensional network of 12 general purpose processors. Fast prototyping of real-time image processing applications is achieved through a programming environment including a complete stream from functional programming speci cation to network con guration. A large class of algorithms can be implemented. Among them we describe a non-linear lter, a connected component labeling and a colored object tracking. Figure 1: The Functional Computer I.

G. Quenot; C. Coutelle; J. Serot; B. Zavidovique

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash  

SciTech Connect

Universal Aggregates LLC (UA) was awarded a cost sharing Co-operative Agreement from the Department of Energy (DOE) through the Power Plant Improvement Initiative Program (PPII) to design, construct and operate a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Birchwood Power Facility in King George, Virginia in October 2001. The Agreement was signed in November 2002. The installation and start-up expenses for the Birchwood Aggregate Facility are $19.5 million. The DOE share is $7.2 million (37%) and the UA share is $12.3 million (63%). The original project team consists of UA, SynAggs, LLC, CONSOL Energy Inc. and P. J. Dick, Inc. Using 115,000 ton per year of spray dryer ash (SDA), a dry FGD by-product from the power station, UA will produce 167,000 tons of manufactured lightweight aggregate for use in production of concrete masonry units (CMU). Manufacturing aggregate from FGD by-products can provide an economical high-volume use and substantially expand market for FGD by-products. Most of the FGD by-products are currently disposed of in landfills. Construction of the Birchwood Aggregate Facility was completed in March 2004. Operation startup was begun in April 2004. Plant Integration was initiated in December 2004. Integration includes mixing, extrusion, curing, crushing and screening. Lightweight aggregates with proper size gradation and bulk density were produced from the manufacturing aggregate plant and loaded on a stockpile for shipment. The shipped aggregates were used in a commercial block plant for CMU production. However, most of the production was made at low capacity factors and for a relatively short time in 2005. Several areas were identified as important factors to improve plant capacity and availability. Equipment and process control modifications and curing vessel clean up were made to improve plant operation in the first half of 2006. About 3,000 tons of crushed aggregate was produced in August 2006. UA is continuing to work to improve plant availability and throughput capacity and to produce quality lightweight aggregate for use in commercial applications.

Milton Wu; Paul Yuran

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

225

International Benchmarking and Yardstick Regulation: An Application to European Electricity Utilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Also, due to electricity market liberalisation and privatisation policies, power markets and ownership of the utilities are becoming increasingly international, and mergers and acquisitions tend to reduce the domestic information base. Regulators can...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Pollitt, Michael G.

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

226

Nanofluidic Concentration Device for Biomolecules Utilizing Ion Concentration Polarization: Theory, Fabrication, and Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, a new type of electrokinetic concentration devices has been developed in a microfluidic chip format, which allows efficient trapping and concentration of biomolecules by utilizing ion concentration polarization ...

Kim, Sung Jae

227

High-temperature process heat applications with an HTGR  

SciTech Connect

An 842-MW(t) HTGR-process heat (HTGR-PH) design and several synfuels and energy transport processes to which it could be coupled are described. As in other HTGR designs, the HTGR-PH has its entire primary coolant system contained in a prestressed concrete reactor vessel (PCRV) which provides the necessary biological shielding and pressure containment. The high-temperature nuclear thermal energy is transported to the externally located process plant by a secondary helium transport loop. With a capability to produce hot helium in the secondary loop at 800/sup 0/C (1472/sup 0/F) with current designs and 900/sup 0/C (1652/sup 0/F) with advanced designs, a large number of process heat applications are potentially available. Studies have been performed for coal liquefaction and gasification using nuclear heat.

Quade, R.N.; Vrable, D.L.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Novel Process for Utilizing Low-Grade Manganese Oxide Ores by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, reduction thermodynamic by sulphur of MnO2 was firstly carried out. Then ... Pilot Scale Measurements of NOx Emissions from the Silicon Process.

229

The Application of Molecular Genetics Techniques to Bioremediation Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bioremediation, a process that uses microorganisms to degrade toxic compounds, has cleaned up a number of organic wastes in the past and holds great potential for helping to clean up organic-contaminated soil and water sites in the future. One proposal suggests that molecular genetic techniques can be used to assess the genetic ecology of a contaminated site and to assist in increasing biodegradation rates. This study assesses the applicability of molecular genetic techniques to bioremediation.

1989-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

230

Magnetohydrodynamic Particle Acceleration Processes: SSX Experiments, Theory, and Astrophysical Applications  

SciTech Connect

Project Title: Magnetohydrodynamic Particle Acceleration Processes: SSX Experiments, Theory, and Astrophysical Applications PI: Michael R. Brown, Swarthmore College The purpose of the project was to provide theoretical and modeling support to the Swarthmore Spheromak Experiment (SSX). Accordingly, the theoretical effort was tightly integrated into the SSX experimental effort. During the grant period, Michael Brown and his experimental collaborators at Swarthmore, with assistance from W. Matthaeus as appropriate, made substantial progress in understanding the physics SSX plasmas.

Brown, Michael R.

2006-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

231

Instrumentation and Control Strategies for Plant-Wide and Fleet-Wide Cost Reduction: Utility Application Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This CD provides guidance from the EPRI initiative on IC Strategies for Plant-Wide and Fleet-Wide Cost Reduction. Included on the CD are EPRI Technical Report 1015087, Instrumentation and Control Strategies for Plant-Wide and Fleet-Wide Cost Reduction: Utility Application Guideline, published October 2007, and two multimedia briefings. The report and briefings describe a wide range of options while emphasizing integrated modernization across the plant or fleet. Coordinated improvements to shared communi...

2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

232

Application of the TRUEX process to highly irradiated targets  

SciTech Connect

The Radiochemical Engineering Development Center (REDC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory processes highly irradiated targets for the Mark 42 program to separate americium, curium, and plutonium. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has developed the TRUEX process for the removal of transuranic elements from aqueous waste streams and a computer model that aids in the design of potential flowsheets. Because the TRUEX process is attractive for application to the large volumes of high-activity tank wastes stored at various Department of Energy sites, a test of the process on the highly irradiated Mark 42 target material would yield useful information on the performance of the process under {open_quotes}real{close_quotes} conditions. Researchers at ANL used the Generic TRUEX Model (GTM) to design a TRUEX flowsheet to process Mark 42 target material. Researchers at the REDC refurbished the Solvent Extraction Test Facility mixer-settler contactors and conducted three test runs using the TRUEX process. The results from the three demonstration tests are presented along with the predicted results from the GTM.

Felker, L.K.; Benker, D.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

NSLS Utilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Utilities Utilities The Utilities Group, led by project engineer Ron Beauman, is responsible for providing Utilities Engineering and Technical services to NSLS, Users, and SDL including cooling water at controlled flow rates, pressures, and temperatures, compressed air and other gases. In addition, they provide HVAC engineering, technical, and electrical services as needed. Utilities systems include cooling and process water, gas, and compressed air systems. These systems are essential to NSLS operations. Working behind the scenes, the Utilities group continuously performs preventative maintenance to ensure that the NSLS has minimal downtime. This is quite a feat, considering that the Utilities group has to maintain seven very large and independent systems that extent throughout NSLS. Part of the group's

234

Characteristics of syntactic processing : an examination utilizing behavioral and fMRI techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores two important factors that constrain the syntactic parser of the sentence processing mechanism, syntactic storage costs and plausibility information. It uses behavioral methods to explore the characteristics ...

Chen, Evan, 1975-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and UtilizationChapter 15 Food Uses for Soybean Oil and Alternatives to Trans Fatty Acids in Foods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans: Chemistry, Production, Processing, and Utilization Chapter 15 Food Uses for Soybean Oil and Alternatives to Trans Fatty Acids in Foods Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing Soybeans eChapters Food Science &

236

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 1 Soybeans vs. Other Vegetable Oils as a Source of Edible Oil Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Chapter 1 Soybeans vs. Other Vegetable Oils as a Source of Edible Oil Products eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 1 Soybeans vs. Ot

237

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the project is to build a multi-product ash beneficiation plant at Kentucky Utilities 2,200-MW Ghent Generating Station, located in Carroll County, Kentucky. Phase 1 was completed successfully, but the project did not continue on to Phase 2 due to withdrawal of CEMEX from the project. Attempts at replacing CEMEX were not successful. Problematic to the continuation of the project was its location in the Ohio Valley which is oversupplied and has low prices for fly ash and the change in CEMEX priorities due to merger and acquisitions. Thus, CAER concurred with the DOE to conclude the project at the end of Budget Period 1, March 31, 2007.

Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

Feasibility of Utility-Provided Uninterruptible DC Power for Telecommunication Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Providing uninterruptible power to the telecommunication industry is a natural fit for the expertise of the electric utility industry and represents a significant opportunity for revenue growth. This report analyzes the power requirements for different sectors of the telecommunication industry and examines existing and emerging technologies for providing uninterruptible power.

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

239

Phase II-photovoltaics for utility scale applications (PVUSA). Second quarterly technical report, 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

PVUSA transition and project planning activities continued, but the CEC/SMUD assumption of project management duties will likely be delayed until the end of 1996 while the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) evaluates PG&E`s filing for transferring project assets to the CEC.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Utilization of geothermal energy in the mining and processing of tungsten ore. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The engineering, economic, and environmental feasibility of the use of low and moderate temperature geothermal heat in the mining and processing of tungsten ore is explored. The following are covered: general engineering evaluation, design of a geothermal energy system, economics, the geothermal resource, the institutional barriers assessment, environmental factors, an alternate geothermal energy source, and alternates to geothermal development. (MHR)

Erickson, M.V.; Lacy, S.B.; Lowe, G.D.; Nussbaum, A.M.; Walter, K.M.; Willens, C.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Utilization of geothermal energy in the mining and processing of tungsten ore. 2nd quarterly report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The completed geochemical analysis of groundwater in the Pine Creek area for evaluation of the geothermal potential of this location is presented. Also included is an environmental constraints analysis of Pine Creek noting any potential environmental problems if a geothermal system was developed onsite. Design of a geothermal system is discussed for site-specific applications and is discussed in detail with equipment recommendations and material specifications. A preliminary financial, economic, and institutional assessment of geothermal system located totally on Union Carbide property at Pine Creek is included. (MHR)

Erickson, M.V.; Willens, C.A.; Walter, K.M.; Carrico, R.L.; Lowe, G.D.; Lacy, S.B.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

A survey of decontamination processes applicable to DOE nuclear facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this survey was to select an appropriate technology for in situ decontamination of equipment interiors as part of the decommissioning of U.S. Department of Energy nuclear facilities. This selection depends on knowledge of existing chemical decontamination methods. This report provides an up-to-date review of chemical decontamination methods. According to available information, aqueous systems are probably the most universally used method for decontaminating and cleaning metal surfaces. We have subdivided the technologies, on the basis of the types of chemical solvents, into acid, alkaline permanganate, highly oxidizing, peroxide, and miscellaneous systems. Two miscellaneous chemical decontamination methods (electrochemical processes and foam and gel systems) are also described. A concise technical description of various processes is given, and the report also outlines technical considerations in the choice of technologies, including decontamination effectiveness, waste handing, fields of application, and the advantages and limitations in application. On the basis of this survey, six processes were identified for further evaluation. 144 refs., 2 tabs.

Chen, L.; Chamberlain, D.B.; Conner, C.; Vandegrift, G.F.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Plasma process optimization for N-type doping applications  

SciTech Connect

Plasma doping (PLAD) has been adopted across the implant technology space and into high volume production for both conventional DRAM and NAND doping applications. PLAD has established itself as an alternative to traditional ion implantation by beamline implantation. The push for high doping concentration, shallow doping depth, and conformal doping capability expand the need for a PLAD solution to meet such requirements. The unique doping profile and doping characteristics at high dose rates allow for PLAD to deliver a high throughput, differentiated solution to meet the demand of evolving transistor technology. In the PLAD process, ions are accelerated to the wafer as with a negative wafer bias applied to the wafer. Competing mechanisms, such as deposition, sputtering, and etching inherent in plasma doping require unique control and process optimization. In this work, we look at the distinctive process tool control and characterization features which enable an optimized doping process using n-type (PH{sub 3} or AsH{sub 3}) chemistries. The data in this paper will draw the relationship between process optimization through plasma chemistry study to the wafer level result.

Raj, Deven; Persing, Harold; Salimian, Siamak; Lacey, Kerry; Qin Shu; Hu, Jeff Y.; McTeer, Allen [Applied Materials, Inc., Varian Semiconductor Business Unit, 35 Dory Road, Gloucester, MA 01930 (United States); Micron Technology, Inc., 8000 S. Federal Way, Boise, ID 83707 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

244

Direct utilization of geothermal energy resources in food processing. Final report, May 17, 1978-May 31, 1982  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In early 1978 financial assistance was granted for a project to utilize geothermal energy at Ore-Ida Foods, Inc.'s food processing plant in Ontario, Oregon. Specifically, the project included exploring, testing, and developing the potential geothermal resource; retrofitting the existing gas/oil-fired steam system; utilizing the geothermal resource for food processing, space heating, and hot potable water; and injecting the spent geothermal water back into a disposal well. Based on preliminary investigations which indicated the presence of a local geothermal resource, drilling began in August 1979. Although the anticipated resource temperature of 380/sup 0/F was reached at total well depth (10,054 feet), adequate flow to meet processing requirements could not be obtained. Subsequent well testing and stimulation techniques also failed to produce the necessary flow, and the project was eventually abandoned. However, throughout the duration of the project, all activities were carefully monitored and recorded to ensure the program's value for future evaluation. This report presents a culmination of data collected during the Ore-Ida project.

Austin, J.C.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Coal liquefaction process utilizing coal/CO.sub.2 slurry feedstream  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A coal hydrogenation and liquefaction process in which particulate coal feed is pressurized to an intermediate pressure of at least 500 psig and slurried with CO.sub.2 liquid to provide a flowable coal/CO.sub.2 slurry feedstream, which is further pressurized to at least 1000 psig and fed into a catalytic reactor. The coal particle size is 50-375 mesh (U.S. Sieve Series) and provides 50-80 W % coal in the coal/CO.sub.2 slurry feedstream. Catalytic reaction conditions are maintained at 650.degree.-850.degree. F. temperature, 1000-4000 psig hydrogen partial pressure and coal feed rate of 10-100 lb coal/hr ft.sup.3 reactor volume to produce hydrocarbon gas and liquid products. The hydrogen and CO.sub.2 are recovered from the reactor effluent gaseous fraction, hydrogen is recycled to the catalytic reactor, and CO.sub.2 is liquefied and recycled to the coal slurrying step. If desired, two catalytic reaction stages close coupled together in series relation can be used. The process advantageously minimizes the recycle and processing of excess hydrocarbon liquid previously needed for slurrying the coal feed to the reactor(s).

Comolli, Alfred G. (Yardley, PA); McLean, Joseph B. (S. Somerville, NJ)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Applications and systems studies for solar industrial process heat  

SciTech Connect

The program has been highlighted by the development of analytical computer programs, engineering case studies in specific industries, applications and market studies and the assessment of operating experience in actual solar installations. For example, two analytical computer codes (known as PROSYS and ECONMAT) have been assembled and used for the large-scale matching of industrial processes with different types of solar equipment. Verification of the results of this large-scale matching have resulted in a program of detailed case studies of solar and conservation options in local dairies, metal can manufacturing plants, meatpacking plants, and other factories.

Brown, K.C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol Process Design and Economics Utilizing Co-Current Dilute Acid Prehydrolysis and Enzymatic Hydrolysis for Corn Stover  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is an update of NREL's ongoing process design and economic analyses of processes related to developing ethanol from lignocellulosic feedstocks. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is promoting the development of ethanol from lignocellulosic feedstocks as an alternative to conventional petroleum-based transportation fuels. DOE funds both fundamental and applied research in this area and needs a method for predicting cost benefits of many research proposals. To that end, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has modeled many potential process designs and estimated the economics of each process during the last 20 years. This report is an update of the ongoing process design and economic analyses at NREL. We envision updating this process design report at regular intervals; the purpose being to ensure that the process design incorporates all new data from NREL research, DOE funded research and other sources, and that the equipment costs are reasonable and consistent with good engineering practice for plants of this type. For the non-research areas this means using equipment and process approaches as they are currently used in industrial applications. For the last report, published in 1999, NREL performed a complete review and update of the process design and economic model for the biomass-to-ethanol process utilizing co-current dilute acid prehydrolysis with simultaneous saccharification (enzymatic) and co-fermentation. The process design included the core technologies being researched by the DOE: prehydrolysis, simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation, and cellulase enzyme production. In addition, all ancillary areas--feed handling, product recovery and purification, wastewater treatment (WWT), lignin combustor and boiler-turbogenerator, and utilities--were included. NREL engaged Delta-T Corporation (Delta-T) to assist in the process design evaluation, the process equipment costing, and overall plant integration. The process design and costing for the lignin combustor and boiler turbogenerator was reviewed by Reaction Engineering Inc. (REI) and Merrick & Company reviewed the wastewater treatment. Since then, NREL has engaged Harris Group (Harris) to perform vendor testing, process design, and costing of critical equipment identified during earlier work. This included solid/liquid separation and pretreatment reactor design and costing. Corn stover handling was also investigated to support DOE's decision to focus on corn stover as a feedstock for lignocellulosic ethanol. Working with Harris, process design and costing for these areas were improved through vendor designs, costing, and vendor testing in some cases. In addition to this work, enzyme costs were adjusted to reflect collaborative work between NREL and enzyme manufacturers (Genencor International and Novozymes Biotech) to provide a delivered enzyme for lignocellulosic feedstocks. This report is the culmination of our work and represents an updated process design and cost basis for the process using a corn stover feedstock. The process design and economic model are useful for predicting the cost benefits of proposed research. Proposed research results can be translated into modifications of the process design, and the economic impact can be assessed. This allows DOE, NREL, and other researchers to set priorities on future research with an understanding of potential reductions to the ethanol production cost. To be economically viable, ethanol production costs must be below market values for ethanol. DOE has chosen a target ethanol selling price of $1.07 per gallon as a goal for 2010. The conceptual design and costs presented here are based on a 2010 plant start-up date. The key research targets required to achieve this design and the $1.07 value are discussed in the report.

Aden, A.; Ruth, M.; Ibsen, K.; Jechura, J.; Neeves, K.; Sheehan, J.; Wallace, B.; Montague, L.; Slayton, A.; Lukas, J.

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Pennies a day: financing early deployment of photovoltaic utility applications through a user subsidy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Calculations indicate that the benefits of photovoltaic generation are unlikely to be soon realized unless the photovoltaic alternative is supported, as other energy technologies have been, by some sort of economic subsidy. This report describes the results of a preliminary investigation of one way of providing the required subsidy: simply allowing the utility company to recover the additional cost of photovoltaic generation through increases in charges to customers. As is shown, a very substantial early penetration of photovoltaic generation capacity into the generation mix of a utility system could be financed by quite modest increases in the annual electric bills of consumers. The analysis procedure used assumes a photovoltaic plant deployment rate and computes the total additional cost of electricity generation that would result from the deployment of the photovoltaic plants rather than of equivalent fossil-fuel plants. This additional annual cost is then apportioned, on a per kWh basis, among all utility customers, and the impact on the average residential customer's electric bill is determined.

Siegel, B.

1978-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The Nuclear Material Focus Area Roadmapping Process Utilizing Environmental Management Complex-Wide Nuclear Material Disposition Pathways  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the process that the Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) has developed and utilizes in working with individual Department of Energy (DOE) sites to identify, address, and prioritize research and development efforts in the stabilization, disposition, and storage of nuclear materials. By associating site technology needs with nuclear disposition pathways and integrating those with site schedules, the NMFA is developing a complex wide roadmap for nuclear material technology development. This approach will leverage technology needs and opportunities at multiple sites and assist the NMFA in building a defensible research and development program to address the nuclear material technology needs across the complex.

Sala, D. R.; Furhman, P.; Smith, J. D.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

250

Feasibility evaluation for solar industrial process heat applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An analytical method for assessing the feasibility of Solar Industrial Process Heat applications has been developed and implemented in a flexible, fast-calculating computer code - PROSYS/ECONMAT. The performance model PROSYS predicts long-term annual energy output for several collector types, including flat-plate, nontracking concentrator, one-axis tracking concentrator, and two-axis tracking concentrator. Solar equipment cost estimates, annual energy capacity cost, and optional net present worth analysis are provided by ECONMAT. User input consists of detailed industrial process information and optional economic parameters. Internal program data includes meteorological information for 248 US sites, characteristics of more than 20 commercially available collectors representing several generic collector types, and defaults for economic parameters. Because a fullscale conventional back-up fuel system is assumed, storage is not essential and is not included in the model.

Stadjuhar, S. A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Advanced Multi-Product Coal Utilization By-Product Processing Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall objective of this project is to design, construct, and operate an ash beneficiation facility that will generate several products from coal combustion ash stored in a utility ash pond. The site selected is LG&E's Ghent Station located in Carroll County, Kentucky. The specific site under consideration is the lower ash pond at Ghent, a closed landfill encompassing over 100 acres. Coring activities revealed that the pond contains over 7 million tons of ash, including over 1.5 million tons of coarse carbon and 1.8 million tons of fine (ash market is currently oversupplied by more than 500,000 tpy and distant markets (i.e. Florida) are oversupplied as well. While the total US demand for ultrafine pozzolan is currently equal to demand, there is no reason to expect a significant increase in demand. Despite the technical merits identified in the pilot plant work with regard to beneficiating the entire pond ash stream, market developments in the Ohio River Valley area during 2006-2007 were not conducive to demonstrating the project at the scale proposed in the Cooperative Agreement. As a result, Cemex withdrew from the project in 2006 citing unfavorable local market conditions in the foreseeable future at the demonstration site. During the Budget Period 1 extensions provided by the DOE, CAER has contacted several other companies, including cement producers and ash marketing concerns for private cost share. Based on the prevailing demand-supply situation, these companies had expressed interest only in limited product lines, rather than the entire ash beneficiation product stream. Although CAER had generated interest in the technology, a financial commitment to proceed to Budget Period 2 could not be obtained from private companies. Furthermore, the prospects of any decisions being reached within a reasonable time frame were dim. Thus, CAER concurred with the DOE to conclude the project at the end of Budget Period 1, March 31, 2007. The activities presented in this report were carried out during the Cooperative Agreement period 08 November 2004 through 31 March 2007.

Thomas Robl; John Groppo

2009-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

252

Bates solar industrial process steam application environmental impact assessment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is planned to install 34,440 square feet of linear parabolic trough solar collectors at a new corrugator plant for making corrugated boxes. The system is to operate in parallel with a fossil fuel boiler. An assessment is presented of the impacts of the solar energy system on the existing environment and to determine whether or not a more detailed environmental impact statement is needed. The environmental assessment is based on actual operational data obtained on the collector, fluid, and heat transport system. A description of the design of the solar energy system and its application is given. Also included is a discussion of the location of the new plant in Fort Worth, Texas, and of the surrounding environment. Environmental impacts are discussed in detail, and alternatives to the solar industrial process steam retrofit application are offered. It is concluded that the overall benefits from the solar industrial process heat system outweigh any negative environmental factors. Benefits include reduced fossil fuel demand, with attending reductions in air pollutants. The selection of a stable heat transfer fluid with low toxicity and biodegradable qualities minimizes environmental damage due to fluid spills, personal exposure, and degradation byproducts. The collector is found to be aesthetically attractive with minimal hazards due to glare. (LEW)

Not Available

1981-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

253

Examination of incentive mechanisms for innovative technologies applicable to utility and nonutility power generators  

SciTech Connect

Innovative technologies, built by either utility or nonutility power generators, have the potential to lower costs with less environmental emissions than conventional technologies. However, the public-good nature of information, along with uncertain costs, performance, and reliability, discourages rapid adoption of these technologies. The effect of regulation of electricity production may also have an adverse impact on motivation to innovate. Slower penetration of cleaner, more efficient technologies could result in greater levels of pollution, higher electricity prices, and a reduction in international competitiveness. Regulatory incentives could encourage adoption and deployment of innovative technologies of all kinds, inducting clean coal technologies. Such incentives must be designed to offset risks inherent in innovative technology and encourage cost-effective behavior. To evaluate innovative and conventional technologies equally, the incremental cost of risk (ICR) of adopting the innovative technology must be determined. Through the ICR, the magnitude of incentive required to make a utility (or nonutility) power generator equally motivated to use either conventional or innovative technologies can be derived. Two technology risks are examined: A construction risk, represented by a 15% cost overrun, and an operating risk, represented by a increased forced outage rate (decreased capacity factor). Different incentive mechanisms and measurement criteria are used to assess the effects of these risks on ratepayers and shareholders. In most cases, a regulatory incentive could offset the perceived risks while encouraging cost-effective behavior by both utility and nonutility power generators. Not only would the required incentive be recouped, but the revenue requirements would be less for the innovative technology; also, less environmental pollution would be generated. In the long term, ratepayers and society would benefit from innovative technologies.

McDermott, K.A. [Illinois Commerce Commission, Springfield, IL (United States); Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Demonstration of Pulse-Jet Fabric Filters for Utility High-Sulfur Coal Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulse-jet fabric filters (PJFF) may be an effective, low-cost alternative to particulate control as they are typically 50% smaller than conventional utility baghouses filtering the same volume of flue gas. EPRI has initiated a program to demonstrate PJFF technology for domestic use. This report describes one of several research efforts to define the operating parameters of PJFFs with high-sulfur coal at EPRI's High-Sulfur Fabric Filter Pilot Plant at Gulf Power Company's Plant Scholz near Tallahassee, Fl...

1994-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

255

Transmission Planning Process and Opportunities for Utility-Scale Solar Engagement within the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is a primer for solar developers who wish to engage directly in expediting the regulatory process and removing market barriers related to policy and planning. Market barriers unrelated to technology often limit the expansion of utility-scale solar power, even in areas with exceptional resource potential. Many of these non-technical barriers have to do with policy, regulation, and planning, and hardly ever do they resolve themselves in a timely fashion. In most cases, pre-emptive intervention by interested stakeholders is the easiest way to remove/address such barriers, but it requires knowing how to navigate the institutional waters of the relevant agencies and boards. This report is a primer for solar developers who wish to engage directly in expediting the regulatory process and removing market barriers related to policy and planning. It focuses on the Western Interconnection (WI), primarily because the quality of solar resources in the Southwest makes utility-scale concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaics (PV) economically feasible, and because the relevant institutions have evolved in a way that has opened up opportunities for removing non-technical market barriers. Developers will find in this report a high-level field manual to identify the venues for mitigating and possibly eliminating systemic market obstacles and ensuring that the economic playing field is reasonably level. Project-specific issues such as siting for transmission and generation resources are beyond the scope of this report. Instead, the aim is to examine issues that pervasively affect all utility-scale PV and CSP in the region regardless of where the project may be. While the focus is on the WI, many of the institutions described here also have their counterparts in the Eastern and the Texas interconnections. Specifically, this report suggests a number of critical engagement points relating to generation and transmission planning.

Hein, J.; Hurlbut, D.; Milligan, M.; Coles, L.; Green, B.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Major Modification Determination Process Utilized for Proposed Idaho National Laboratory Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past three years, several new projects with the potential for major modifications to existing facilities have been considered for implementation at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). These projects were designated to take place in existing nuclear facilities with existing documented safety analyses. 10 CFR 830.206 requires the contractor for a major modification to a Hazard Category 1, 2, or 3 nuclear facility to obtain Department of Energy (DOE) approval for the nuclear facility design criteria to be used for preparation of a preliminary documented safety analysis (PDSA), as well as creation and approval of the PDSA, before the contractor can procure materials or components or begin construction on the project. Given the significant effort and expense of preparation and approval of a PDSA, a major modification determination for new projects is warranted to determine if the rigorous requirements of a major modification are actually required. Furthermore, performing a major modification determination helps to ensure that important safety aspects of a project are appropriately considered prior to modification construction or equipment procurement. The projects considered for major modification status at the INL included: treatment and packaging of unirradiated, sodium-bonded highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel and miscellaneous casting scrap in the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) Fuel Manufacturing Facility (FMF); post irradiation examination of Advance Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) fuel in the MFC Analytical Laboratory (AL); the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) gas test loop (GTL); and the hydraulic shuttle irradiation system (HSIS) at ATR. The major modification determinations for three of the proposed projects resulted in a negative major modification. On the other hand, the major modification determination for the GTL project concluded that the project would require a major modification. This paper discusses the process, methods, and considerations used by the INL for the four major modification determinations. Three of the four major modification determinations discussed herein were completed using the guidance specified in the draft of DOE STD-1189, Integration of Safety into the Design Process. DOE-STD-1189 was released as a draft document in March 2007 and provides guidance for integrating safety considerations into the early design activities for constructing new facilities or making modifications to existing nuclear facilities. The fourth major modification determination was prepared prior to the existence of DOE STD-1189 and was evaluated solely by the definition of a major modification given in 10 CFR 830.206. For all four projects, consideration was given to: Facility hazard categorization change and material inventory Facility footprint change with the potential to adversely affect credited safety function New or changed processes resulting in a change to the safety basis The use of new technology or equipment not approved for use in the facility The need for new or revised safety basis controls Hazards not previously evaluated in the safety basis.

Michael A. Lehto, Ph.D.; Boyd D. Christensen

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Phase II - photovoltaics for utility scale applications (PVUSA). Quarterly technical report, First quarter 1996  

SciTech Connect

This is the first of three planned quarterly Technical Reports of 1996 system performance and major project activities. The final quarter will be discussed in the 1996 Progress Report. Activity for the PVUSA project was curtailed considerably, pending resolution of the transfer of management to the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD). Principal activities during the first quarter of 1996 included: (1) Continued negotiations regarding the transfer of project management from PG&E to the joint CEC/SMUD team. Primary remaining hurdle is obtaining approval from the California Public Utilities Commission. (2) Provided training to CEC and SMUD project team members on January 8, 9, and 11. Training covered site operations including data acquisition. (3) Completed the draft of the 1995 Progress Report. (4) Supported the contractor in their efforts for enhancing the performance and reliability of the Amonix EMT-3 array at Davis. (5) Reviewed the PSCo installation drawings, and started activities to provide the PVUSA DAS equipment, (6) Operation and maintenance of existing systems, including data collection and reporting. Data were collected for 19 completed systems with a combined capacity of 1,800 kW. Combined, these systems generated nearly 1.1 million kWh during January through March. The project`s cumulative generation now stands at 8.2 million kWh. Key cumulative 1996 results are listed in the following table. The locations of systems other than Davis are noted alongside the supplier`s name.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Estimating Nonparametric Random Utility Models with an Application to the Value of Time in Heterogeneous Populations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The estimation of random parameters by means of mixed logit models is now current practice for the analysis of transportation behaviour. One of the most straightforward applications is the derivation of willingness-to-pay distribution over a heterogeneous ... Keywords: B-spline, constrained optimization, mixed logit, nonparametric estimation

Fabian Bastin; Cinzia Cirillo; Philippe L. Toint

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

A software application for the selection of temperature measuring sensors using the analytic hierarchy process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents a software application that applies the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to objectively select the best temperature sensors. Three industrial applications and seven sensor alternatives are considered. The developed application performs ...

Tarek Al-Hawari; Shadi Al-Bo'ol; Amer M. Momani

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and CharacterizationChapter 16 Minor Constituents of Palm Oil: Characterization, Processing, and Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and Characterization Chapter 16 Minor Constituents of Palm Oil: Characterization, Processing, and Application Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Methods and Analyses eChapters Food Science

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Flexible Process-Based Applications in Hybrid Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cloud applications target large costumer groups to leverage economies of scale. To increase the number of customers, a flexible application design is of major importance. It enables customers to adjust the application to their individual needs in a self-service ... Keywords: application customization, self-service, orchestration, composite application, provisioning, cloud

Christoph Fehling; Frank Leymann; David Schumm; Ralf Konrad; Ralph Mietzner; Michael Pauly

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Technology Assessment of Li-Ion Energy Storage Technology for Stationary Electric Utility Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emerging Lithium-ion (Li-ion) energy storage technology, which is being developed and applied in the transportation sector, could have a profound impact in the electric sector by serving applications for distributed energy storage (DES). An earlier EPRI Report, Technology Review and Assessment of Distributed Energy Resources: Distributed Energy Storage (1012983, February 2006), identified Li-ion batteries as a potential disruptive technology for the electric power sector. EPRI undertook this project to a...

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

263

C-7: Gaseous Nitriding Process Control: Application of Customized ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... investigation and this proves the utility of using thermodynamic database to .... the Asymptotic Grain Face Distribution in Terms of Tological Event Rates.

264

Reasons for reorganisation of software application hosting and its connection to resilience in software and processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper suggests reasons why an organisation starts the process of reorganising software applications hosting and how these reasons are connected with resilience in software applications used and in business processes. The decision investigated is ... Keywords: business processes, e-government, governance, hosting reorganisation, networking, software applications hosting, software resilience, sourcing decisions

Bjorn Johansson

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Application Review and Selection Process | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Application Review and Selection Process Application Review and Selection Process Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship (AEF) Program Einstein Fellowship Home Eligibility Benefits Obligations How to Apply Recommender Information Application Review and Selection Process Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home How to Apply Application Review and Selection Process Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application Eligibility and Compliance: To be considered for the program, an applicant must meet all eligibility criteria and submit an application comprising all required materials by the application deadline. To assess eligibility, and prior to the merit review, an initial review of all applications will be conducted to verify applicant eligibility and ensure all the required application materials have been

266

Application Selection Process and Notification | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Application Selection Process and Notification Application Selection Process and Notification Community College Internships (CCI) CCI Home Eligibility Benefits Participant Obligations How to Apply Selecting a Host DOE Laboratory Recommender Information Application Selection Process and Notification Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home How to Apply Application Selection Process and Notification Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page CCI Program Application Review and Selection Overview Application Eligibility and Compliance: To be considered, an applicant must meet all eligibility criteria and submit an application comprising all required materials. To assess eligibility, and prior to the merit assessment and evaluation, an initial review of all applications will be conducted to verify applicant eligibility and ensure all the required application

267

Development of the sodium/sulfur battery technology for utility applications  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy is sponsoring the development of battery energy storage systems for electric utilities. An important part of this DOE program is the engineering of the battery subsystem. Because lower costs are possible and less space is required compared with conventional battery technologies, two advanced battery systems are being developed: sodium/sulfur and zinc/bromine. A brief description of the development approach being followed along with the current status of the sodium/sulfur technology is described in this paper. Of immediate relevance, a factory integrated modular sodium/sulfur system has been designed that incorporates many of the advantages of this technology. Each module (designated as NAS-P{sub AC}) combines a 600-kWh sodium/sulfur battery, a 300 kW power converter and a control system. In addition to the potential for low life-cycle cost, other specific benefits include excellent portability and an installed system-level footprint that is about 20% of an equivalent system using lead-acid batteries. The sodium/sulfur battery is designed to deliver its rated energy for 1500 cycles or 5 years of maintenance-free operation.

Braithwaite, J.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Koenig, A.A. [Silent Power, Inc., Wayne, PA (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Effective Grid Utilization: A Technical Assessment and Application Guide; April 2011 - September 2012  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In order to more fully integrate renewable resources, such as wind and solar, into the transmission system, additional capacity must be realized in the short term using the installed transmission capacity that exists today. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Transmission and Grid Integration Group supported this study to assemble the history of regulations and status of transmission technology to expand existing grid capacity. This report compiles data on various transmission technology methods and upgrades for increased capacity utilization of the existing transmission system and transmission corridors. The report discusses the technical merit of each method and explains how the method could be applied within the current regulatory structure to increase existing transmission conductor and/or corridor capacity. The history and current state of alternatives to new construction is presented for regulators, legislators, and other policy makers wrestling with issues surrounding integration of variable generation. Current regulations are assessed for opportunities to change them to promote grid expansion. To support consideration of these alternatives for expanding grid capacity, the report lists relevant rules, standards, and policy changes.

Balser, S.; Sankar, S.; Miller, R.; Rawlins, A.; Israel, M.; Curry, T.; Mason, T.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Adaptive Rate Stream Processing for Smart Grid Applications on Clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the existing IT infrastructure of utilities and power systems researchers are not designed to handle prasanna@usc.edu ABSTRACT Pervasive smart meters that continuously measure power us- age by consumers within a smart (power) grid are providing utilities and power systems researchers with unprecedented

Prasanna, Viktor K.

270

Brightness enhancement of plasma ion source by utilizing anode spot for nano applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anode spots are known as additional discharges on positively biased electrode immersed in plasmas. The anode spot plasma ion source (ASPIS) has been investigated as a high brightness ion source for nano applications such as focused ion beam (FIB) and nano medium energy ion scattering (nano-MEIS). The generation of anode spot is found to enhance brightness of ion beam since the anode spot increases plasma density near the extraction aperture. Brightness of the ASPIS has been estimated from measurement of emittance for total ion beam extracted through sub-mm aperture. The ASPIS is installed to the FIB system. Currents and diameters of the focused beams with/without anode spot are measured and compared. As the anode spot is turned on, the enhancement of beam current is observed at fixed diameter of the focused ion beam. Consequently, the brightness of the focused ion beam is enhanced as well. For argon ion beam, the maximum normalized brightness of 12 300 A/m{sup 2} SrV is acquired. The ASPIS is applied to nano-MEIS as well. The ASPIS is found to increase the beam current density and the power efficiency of the ion source for nano-MEIS. From the present study, it is shown that the ASPIS can enhance the performance of devices for nano applications.

Park, Yeong-Shin; Lee, Yuna; Chung, Kyoung-Jae; Hwang, Y. S. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yoon-Jae [Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd., Gyeonggi 445-701 (Korea, Republic of); Park, Man-Jin [Research Institute of Nano Manufacturing System, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Seoul 139-743 (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Dae Won [Nanobio Fusion Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Pollution Prevention Procedure and Case Studies for Utility Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are working to eliminate or minimize the production of waste in all of their operations. This report presents a six-step process for pollution prevention and seven case studies demonstrating successful application of the process to eight utility wastes, including oily absorbents, municipal wastes, paint solvents, waste paint, blast grit, wood waste, unused chemicals, and unknown drum contents. The procedures for each waste are applicable to any utility site.

1996-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

272

utilities | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

utilities utilities Dataset Summary Description Datasets are for the US electricity grid system interconnect regions (ASCC, FRCC, HICC, MRO, NPCC, RFC, SERC, SPP, TRE, WECC) for 2008. The data is provided in life cycle inventory (LCI) forms (both xls and xml). A module report and a detailed spreadsheet are also included. Source US Life Cycle Inventory Database Date Released May 01st, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords ASCC FRCC HICC interconnect region LCI life cycle inventory MRO NPCC RFC SERC SPP TRE unit process US utilities WECC Data application/zip icon interconnect_lci_datasets_2008.zip (zip, 6.3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

273

Preferences and concerns of potential users in the selection of solar thermal systems for industrial and small utility applications  

SciTech Connect

To achieve widespready application in the industrial and utility sectors, solar systems must be economically competitive. Economic viability is, in turn, determined by a number of supporting criteria, ranging from system reliability to dispatch characteristics to how the system supports the main product line. In addition, solar systems possess some inherent attributes that may render some of the traditional supporting criteria inappropriate or require their redefinition. Those criteria and their relation to the solar investments are discussed in three steps. First, the main concerns and preferences of the potential users, as identified in recent SERI studies, are identified. Second, the equitability of the resulting decision criteria for solar investments are examined. Finally, the implications of these criteria for solar energy's penetration into these markets are discussed.

Gresham, J.B.; Kriz, T.A.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Application Selection Process and Notification | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Application Selection Process and Notification Application Selection Process and Notification Science Undergraduate Laboratory Internships (SULI) SULI Home Eligibility Benefits Participant Obligations How to Apply Selecting a Host DOE Laboratory Recommender Information Application Selection Process and Notification Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home How to Apply Application Selection Process and Notification Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page SULI Program Application Review and Selection Overview Application Eligibility and Compliance: To be considered, an applicant must meet all eligibility criteria and submit an application comprising all required materials. To assess eligibility, and prior to the merit assessment and evaluation, an initial review of all applications will be conducted to

275

Development of an Advanced Deshaling Technology to Improve the Energy Efficiency of Coal Handling, Processing, and Utilization Operations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept of using a dry, density-based separator to achieve efficient, near-face rock removal, commonly referred to as deshaling, was evaluated in several applications across the U.S.. Varying amounts of high-density rock exist in most run-of-mine feed. In the central Appalachian coalfields, a rock content exceeding 50% in the feed to a preparation plant is commonplace due to high amounts of out-of-seam dilution made necessary by extracting coal from thin seams. In the western U.S, an increase in out-of-seam dilution and environmental regulations associated with combustion emissions have resulted in a need to clean low rank coals and dry cleaning may be the only option. A 5 ton/hr mobile deshaling unit incorporating a density-based, air-table technology commercially known as the FGX Separator has been evaluated at mine sites located within the states of Utah, Wyoming, Texas, West Virginia, Virginia, Pennsylvania and Kentucky. The FGX technology utilizes table riffling principles with air as the medium. Air enters through the table and creates a fluidized bed of particles comprised of mostly fine, high density particles. The high density particle bed lifts the low-density coal particles to the top of the bed. The low-density coal moves toward the front of the table due to mass action and the downward slope of the table. The high-density particles settle through the fluidized particle bed and, upon making contact with the table, moves toward the back of the table with the assistance of table vibration. As a result, the low-density coal particles exit the front of the table closest to the feed whereas the high-density, high-ash content particles leave on the side and front of the table located at the farthest from the feed entry. At each test site, the run-of-mine feed was either directly fed to the FGX unit or pre-screened to remove the majority of the -6mm material. The surface moisture of the feed must be maintained below 9%. Pre-screening is required when the surface moisture of the feed coal exceeds the maximum limit. However, the content of -6mm in the feed to the FGX separator should be maintained between 10% and 20% to ensure an adequate fluidized bed. A parametric evaluation was conducted using a 3-level experimental design at each test site to identify the optimum separation performance and parameter values. The test data was used to develop empirical expressions that describe the response variables (i.e., mass yield and product ash content) as a function of the operating parameter values. From this process, it was established that table frequency and longitudinal slope are the most critical factors in controlling both mass yield and clean coal ash while the cross table slope was the least significant. Fan blower frequency is a critical parameter that controls mass yield. Although the splitter positions between product and middling streams and the middling and tailing streams were held constant during the tests, a separate evaluation indicated that performance is sensitive to splitter position within certain lengths of the table and insensitive in others. For a Utah bituminous coal, the FGX separator provided clean coal ash contents that ranged from a low of 8.57% to a high of 12.48% from a feed coal containing around 17% ash. From the 29 tests involved in the statistically designed test program, the average clean coal ash content was 10.76% while the tailings ash content averaged around 72%. One of the best separation performances achieved an ash reduction from 17.36% to 10.67% while recovering 85.9% of the total feed mass, which equated to an ash rejection value of around 47%. The total sulfur content was typically decreased from 1.61% to 1.49%. These performances were quantified by blending the middlings stream with the clean coal product. At a second Utah site, coal sources from three different bituminous coal seams were treated by the FGX deshaling unit. Three parameter values were varied based on the results obtained from Site No. 1 to obtain the optimum results shown in Table E-1. Approximately 9 tests w

Rick Honaker; Gerald Luttrell

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

276

Cold End Inserts for Process Gas Waste Heat Boilers Air Products, operates hydrogen production plants, which utilize large waste heat boilers (WHB)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cold End Inserts for Process Gas Waste Heat Boilers Overview Air Products, operates hydrogen production plants, which utilize large waste heat boilers (WHB) to cool process syngas. The gas enters satisfies all 3 design criteria. · Correlations relating our experimental results to a waste heat boiler

Demirel, Melik C.

277

Kinetics of an Inverse Temperature Transition Process and Its Application on Supported Lipid Bilayer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation focuses on the study of inverse temperature transition processes of the poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and the elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs). A novel temperature jump microfluidic system is introduced and this system shows the ability to measure the kinetics of the PNIPAM and the ELPs collapse without a heat transfer problem. The conformational change of the ELPs during the phase transition process is utilized as a nanoscale protein filter to modulate ligandreceptor binding events on supported lipid bilayers (SLBs). This research study is divided into three main parts. The first part is the development of the temperature jump microfluidics. The kinetics of PNIPAM collapse is used as a model system to show the capability of this new device to measure millisecond time scale phase transition processes. The effects of salts on the kinetics of PNIPAM collapse are also shown in this part. To our knowledge, this is the first study which shows the effects of salts on PNIPAM collapse kinetics. The second part of this research is the application of the novel temperature jump microfluidics. The hydrophobic collapse of ELPs composed of identical sequence but different chain length is investigated. By controlling the molecular weight of the ELPs, the thermodynamic contributions from intermolecular hydrophobic interactions, and intramolecular hydrophobic interactions could be calculated individually for this unique system. The third part is the application of the phase transition property of ELPs. The ELPs are conjugated on the surface of the SLBs as a nanoscale protein filter. The conformation of the ELPs can be modulated by ionic strength of the buffer solution or ambient temperature. The ELPs conjugated SLBs platform showed the ability to block IgG binding to biotin conjugated on the SLBs when the ELPs were in the extended coil state and open the access for protein to bind to biotin in compact globule conformation.

Chang, Chin-Yuan

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Application of Cold Metal Transfer Process for Structural Weld ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... heat treatment of closure welds in oil and gas, and petrochemical applications. ... for Extending Plant Lives in Power Generation, Refinery & Petrochemical,...

279

Volume I Process Metallurgy, Product, Quality and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Optimization of FM Work Roll Cooling Condition for HSM ..... Application of TRIP and Dual Phase Steels for Enhanced Durability of a Shock Tower Assembly

280

Application Selection Process and Notification | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Application Selection Process and Notification Application Selection Process and Notification Visiting Faculty Program (VFP) VFP Home Eligibility Benefits Participant Obligations How to Apply Selecting a Host DOE Laboratory Developing a Research Proposal Recommender Information Student Participants Submitting a Proposal to DOE Application Selection Process and Notification Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home How to Apply Application Selection Process and Notification Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page VFP Application Review and Selection Overview Application Eligibility and Compliance: To be considered, an applicant must meet all eligibility criteria and have submitted an application comprising all required materials by the closing date. To assess eligibility, and prior to the merit assessment and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

GRR/Section 5-FD-b - Drilling Pre-Application Process NV only | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-FD-b - Drilling Pre-Application Process NV only 5-FD-b - Drilling Pre-Application Process NV only < GRR(Redirected from GRR/Section 5-FD-b - Drilling Application Process) Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 5-FD-b - Drilling Pre-Application Process NV only 05-FD-b - DrillingApplicationProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Bureau of Land Management United States Forest Service Regulations & Policies Energy Policy Act of 2005 Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 43 CFR 3261: Drilling Operations, Getting A Permit Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 05-FD-b - DrillingApplicationProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

282

UTILITY SERVICE CONNECTION APPLICATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and DISTRICT HEATING Part 3 (a). Water Distribution. Water service to meet requirements of UBC Technical.5.6). #12;Page 2 of 2 Revised 16 Nov 2011 Part 3 (c). Gas and District Heating · Service to meet (%) District Heating Telephone Contractor or UBC Dept Fax Contractor Primary Contact Email Telephone Design

Vellend, Mark

283

Application of Statistical Continuum Mechanics to Guide Processing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multi scale modeling including statistical continuum mechanics is used to predict microstructure evolution during processing. We also developed statistical...

284

DOE/EA-1449; Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia (August 2002)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 9 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray Dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory August 2002 Commercial Demonstration of the Manufactured Aggregate Processing Technology Utilizing Spray-dryer Ash, King George County, Virginia ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT 2 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Cover Sheet Proposed Action: The proposed action is for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to provide cost- shared financial support to Universal Aggregates, LLC, for the design, construction, and operation of a lightweight aggregate manufacturing plant at the Mirant-Birchwood Power Plant Facility (Mirant-Birchwood Facility) in King George County, Virginia.

285

Carbon nanotube processing and chemistry for electronic interconnect applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes possess many properties that are ideally suited for electronic applications, such as metallic/semiconducting behavior and ballistic transport. Specifically, in light of mounting concerns over the increasing ...

Wu, Tan Mau, 1979-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Data refinement in a market research applications' data production process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this contribution, we will show how empirically collected field data for a market research application are refined in a stepwise manner and enriched into end-user market reports and charts. The collected data are treated by selections, transformations, ...

Thomas Ruf; Thomas Kirsche

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Application of the Analytic Hierarchy Process and the Analytic Network Process for the assessment of different wastewater treatment systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multicriteria analyses (MCAs) are used to make comparative assessments of alternative projects or heterogeneous measures and allow several criteria to be taken into account simultaneously in a complex situation. The paper shows the application of different ... Keywords: Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Analytic Network Process (ANP), Sustainability assessment, decision support systems (DSS), wastewater treatment (WWT) technologies

Marta Bottero; Elena Comino; Vincenzo Riggio

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Engineering and economic feasibility of utilizing geothermal heat from the Heber reservoir for industrial processing purposes at Valley Nitrogen Producers Inc. , El Centro agricultural chemical plant. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The engineering and economic feasibility of utilizing geothermal heat from the Heber KGRA for industrial processing purposes at the Valley Nitrogen Producers, Inc. El Centro, California agricultural chemical plant was investigated. The analysis proceeds through the preliminary economics to determine the restraints imposed by geothermal modification size on internal rates of return, and through the energy utilization evaluation to determine the best method for substituting geothermal energy for existing fossil fuel energy. Finally, several geothermal utilization schemes were analyzed for detailed cost-benefit evaluation. An economically viable plan for implementing geothermal energy in the VNP Plant was identified and the final conclusions and recommendations were made based on these detailed cost-benefit analyses. Costs associated with geothermal energy production and implementation were formulated utilizing a modified Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories' ''GEOCOST'' program.

Sherwood, P.B.; Newman, K.L.

1977-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Controlled Synthesis, Processing, and Applications of Structural and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... new powder synthesis and processing is needed for the fabrication of homogeneous green or multi-functional hybrid composites, ... Just click on the button.

290

applications of sensors and modeling to materials processing: vi  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sponsored by: Jt. EPD/MDMD Synthesis, Control, and Analysis in Materials ... The control system was interfaced with customized processing hardware via a...

291

Applications of fault detection methods to industrial processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Components of industrial processes are often affected by un-permitted or un-expected deviations from normal operation behaviour. The fault detection task consists of determination of the fault present in a system and the time of detection. In addition ... Keywords: fault detection and diagnosis, industrial processes, residuals, symptoms

Ioana Fagarasan; S. S. T. Iliescu

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A Platform-Independent Methodology for Performance Estimation of Multimedia Signal Processing Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodological framework for performance estimation of multimedia signal processing applications on different implementation platforms is presented. The methodology derives a complexity profile which is characteristic for an application, but completely ... Keywords: MPEG-4, bitstream analysis, complexity, digital signal processor, multimedia signal processing, performance estimation

Hans-Joachim Stolberg; Mladen Berekovi?; Peter Pirsch

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Lipid Analysis and Lipidomics: New Techniques & ApplicationChapter 7 Recent Advances in Silver-Ion HPLC Utilizing Acetonitrile in Hexane as Solvent  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipid Analysis and Lipidomics: New Techniques & Application Chapter 7 Recent Advances in Silver-Ion HPLC Utilizing Acetonitrile in Hexane as Solvent Methods and Analyses eChapters Methods - Analyses Books F98F563E606CED1FD3744F0D6362BAB2

294

Organic Electronics: Materials, Processing, Devices and Applications, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the near future, organic semiconductors may be used in a variety of products, including flat-screen TVs, e-book readers, and third-generation organic photovoltaics applications, to name just a few. While organic electronics has received increased ...

Franky So

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Efficient application of signal processing methods in textile science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At present time a detailed study of textile structure is necessary in new textile applications, as composites, for instance. In composites the longitudinal yarn axis is derived from digital photographs of structure cuts. The discrete Fourier transform ... Keywords: Fourier transform, correlation, random signals, signal theory, textile structure, yarn axis approximation

Miloslav Kosek

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

GRR/Section 4-FD-c - Exploration Application Process USFS | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-FD-c - Exploration Application Process USFS 4-FD-c - Exploration Application Process USFS < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 4-FD-c - Exploration Application Process USFS 04FDCExplorationApplicationProcessUSFS (3).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies United States Forest Service Bureau of Land Management Regulations & Policies Memorandum of Understanding between DOI and DOA 43 CFR 3200, Subpart 3252 - Conducting Exploration Operations 43 CFR 3250.10(b)(4) Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 04FDCExplorationApplicationProcessUSFS (3).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

297

GRR/Section 5-FD-b - Drilling Pre-Application Process NV only | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-FD-b - Drilling Pre-Application Process NV only 5-FD-b - Drilling Pre-Application Process NV only < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 5-FD-b - Drilling Pre-Application Process NV only 05-FD-b - DrillingApplicationProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Bureau of Land Management United States Forest Service Regulations & Policies Energy Policy Act of 2005 Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 43 CFR 3261: Drilling Operations, Getting A Permit Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 05-FD-b - DrillingApplicationProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

298

GRR/Section 5-FD-a - Drilling Application Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-FD-a - Drilling Application Process 5-FD-a - Drilling Application Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 5-FD-a - Drilling Application Process 05-FD-a - DrillingPreApplicationProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Bureau of Land Management United States Forest Service Regulations & Policies Energy Policy Act of 2005 Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 43 CFR 3261: Drilling Operations, Getting A Permit Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 05-FD-a - DrillingPreApplicationProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative

299

GRR/Section 4-FD-b - Exploration Pre-Application Process (NV only) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 4-FD-b - Exploration Pre-Application Process (NV only) GRR/Section 4-FD-b - Exploration Pre-Application Process (NV only) < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 4-FD-b - Exploration Pre-Application Process (NV only) 04FDBExplorationPreApplicationProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Bureau of Land Management United States Forest Service Regulations & Policies 43 CFR 3251 Exploration Operations: Getting BLM Approval 43 CFR 3261 Drilling Operations: Getting a Permit Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 04FDBExplorationPreApplicationProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

300

Process applications for geothermal energy resources. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The principal goal of the program was to demonstrate economical and technical suitability of geothermal energy as a source of industrial process heat through a cooperative program with industrial firms. To accomplish that: a critical literature survey in the field was performed; a workshop with the paper and pulp industry representatives was organized; and four parallel methods dealing with technical and economical details of geothermal energy use as a source of industrial process heat were developed.

Mikic, B.B.; Meal, H.C.; Packer, M.B.; Guillamon-Duch, H.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Three-phase power conversion system for utility-interconnected PV applications. Phase 1 technical progress report, 1 October 1995--17 April 1997  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work performed by Omnion Power Corporation under Phase 1 of a two-phase subcontract. During this phase, Omnion researchers: designed an advanced product specification to guide prototype design and development; analyzed field failure data with Omnion`s hard-switched insulated-Gate Bipolar Transistor technology hardware to better understand where design improvements were needed; presented and reviewed product specifications with key customers/users; drafted a working product specification to serve as a baseline in developing the new power conversion system; developed the core-resonant converter technology in conjunction with Soft Switching Technologies Corp.; designed a 100-kW prototype power conversion system; designed a prototype system package; initiated interaction with vendors to optimize component selection and specifications; initiated the preparation of design documentation; built the prototype core-resonant converter and initiated preliminary testing; and initiated the assembly of a 1-kW prototype power conversion system. This work has demonstrated the potential of the soft-switching resonant DC link (RDCL) inverter and its application to a three-phase utility-interconnected PV power conversion system. The RDCL inverter has demonstrated its advantage over hard-switching pulse-width modulated inverters in terms of efficiency and audible noise. With proper package design and manufacturing process design and implementation, the RDCL power conversion system has the potential to be low-cost and reliable with superior performance.

Porter, D.G.; Meyer, H.; Leang, W. [Omnion Power Engineering Corp., East Troy, WI (United States)

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Incorporating qualitative objectives in integrated resource planning: Application of analytic hierarchy process and compromise programming  

SciTech Connect

This article proposes a multiobjective methodology for the integrated resource planning (IRP) problem using a combined analytic hierarchy process (AHP)-compromise programming (CP) model. Six objectives, of which five are qualitative in nature, have been considered to select demand and supply-side resources for meeting future electricity demand. The quantitative objective (viz., cost) is employed directly in the CP model. AHP priorities are derived for the qualitative objectives (e.g., technological maturity) after eliciting expert judgments. These priorities are employed as coefficients of the decision variables in the objective functions corresponding to the qualitative objectives of the model. The two distinct advantages of this method are (1) explicit consideration of all important qualitative and quantitative aspects of demand-side management (DSM) and supply-side options, and (2) consideration of specific characteristics of various types of DSM options. An illustrative application is provided for an Indian utility (Maharashtra State Electricity System) for its integrated resource plan for the period 1990--2000. The results show that the AHP-CP model incorporating qualitative objectives selects a different portfolio of DSM and supply options, as compared with single-criterion solutions. Compromise among the conflicting objectives leads to significant cost savings as well as qualitative benefits like improved system reliability, reduced environmental impact, fewer problems related to fuel supply, and shorter project installation times.

Koundinya, S.; Chattopadhyay, D.; Ramanathan, R. [Indira Gandhi Inst. of Development Research, Bombay (India)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Applications for Microwave Generators in the Process Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microwaves find widespread use in radar applications, in telephonic communications, and in the generation of thermal energy for heating. It is this last use that is of interest here. The use of microwave generators to dry heat-sensitive materials and regenerate beds of solid adsorbents is currently being investigated at The University of Texas. This paper summarizes the first phase of this program, which involves microwave drying of various types of polymers. Future research goals and programs are also presented.

Humphrey, J. L.; Vasilakos, N. P.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Application of polymer membrane technology in coal combustion processes  

SciTech Connect

The energy efficiency and the environmental consequences of typical coal upgrading processes, such as combustion, depend to a large extent on the degree of gas separation, recovery, and recycle. Among the available methods used in chemical industry for a variety of gas separation tasks, the technology of polymer membranes offers several advantages such as low size, simplicity of operation and maintenance, compatibility, and use with a diversity of fuel sources. To examine the impact of membrane separation on coal upgrading processes, the Aspen Plus simulation software was used, in combination with developed membrane mathematical models. Energy analysis in coal combustion processes, where the main scope is CO{sub 2} removal, showed that very promising results can be attained. It is estimated that 95% of the emitted CO{sub 2} can be captured with a moderately low energy penalty (10%). This penalty can be further decreased if higher selectivity and/or permeability polymers can be developed.

Kaldis, S.P.; Skodras, G.; Grammelis, P.; Sakellaropoulos, G.P. [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki (Greece). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Bates solar industrial process-steam application: preliminary design review  

SciTech Connect

The design is analyzed for a parabolic trough solar process heat system for a cardboard corrugation fabrication facility in Texas. The program is briefly reviewed, including an analysis of the plant and process. The performance modeling for the system is discussed, and the solar system structural design, collector subsystem, heat transport and distribution subsystem are analyzed. The selection of the heat transfer fluid, and ullage and fluid maintenance are discussed, and the master control system and data acquisition system are described. Testing of environmental degradation of materials is briefly discussed. A brief preliminary cost analysis is included. (LEW)

Not Available

1980-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

Greenhouse gases emissions accounting for typical sewage sludge digestion with energy utilization and residue land application in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer GHGs emissions from sludge digestion + residue land use in China were calculated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The AD unit contributes more than 97% of total biogenic GHGs emissions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer AD with methane recovery is attractive for sludge GHGs emissions reduction. - Abstract: About 20 million tonnes of sludge (with 80% moisture content) is discharged by the sewage treatment plants per year in China, which, if not treated properly, can be a significant source of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions. Anaerobic digestion is a conventional sewage sludge treatment method and will continue to be one of the main technologies in the following years. This research has taken into consideration GHGs emissions from typical processes of sludge thickening + anaerobic digestion + dewatering + residue land application in China. Fossil CO{sub 2}, biogenic CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4,} and avoided CO{sub 2} as the main objects is discussed respectively. The results show that the total CO{sub 2}-eq is about 1133 kg/t DM (including the biogenic CO{sub 2}), while the net CO{sub 2}-eq is about 372 kg/t DM (excluding the biogenic CO{sub 2}). An anaerobic digestion unit as the main GHGs emission source occupies more than 91% CO{sub 2}-eq of the whole process. The use of biogas is important for achieving carbon dioxide emission reductions, which could reach about 24% of the total CO{sub 2}-eq reduction.

Niu Dongjie, E-mail: niudongjie@tongji.edu.cn [Key Laboratory of Yangtze Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, College of Environmental Science and Engineering of Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment for Sustainable Development, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Huang Hui [Key Laboratory of Yangtze Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, College of Environmental Science and Engineering of Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); Dai Xiaohu [Key Laboratory of Yangtze Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, College of Environmental Science and Engineering of Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China); National Engineering Research Center for Urban Pollution Control, Shanghai 200092 (China); Zhao Youcai [Key Laboratory of Yangtze Aquatic Environment, Ministry of Education, College of Environmental Science and Engineering of Tongji University, 1239 Siping Road, Shanghai 200092 (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Application of molten salts in pyrochemical processing of reactive metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Various mixes of chloride and fluoride salts are used as the media for conducting pyrochemical processes in the production and purification of reactive metals. These processes generate a significant amount of contaminated waste that has to be treated for recycling or disposal. Molten calcium chloride based salt systems have been used in this work to electrolytically regenerate calcium metal from calcium oxide for the in situ reduction of reactive metal oxides. The recovery of calcium is characterized by the process efficiency to overcome back reactions in the electrowinning cell. A thermodynamic analysis, based on fundamental rate theory, has been performed to understand the process parameters controlling the metal deposition, rate, behavior of the ceramic anode-sheath and influence of the back-reactions. It has been observed that the deposition of calcium is dependent on the ionic diffusion through the sheath. It has also been evidenced that the recovered calcium is completely lost through the back-reactions in the absence of a sheath. A practical scenario has also been presented where the electrowon metal can be used in situ as a reductant to reduce another reactive metal oxide.

Mishra, B.; Olson, D.L. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Kroll Inst. for Extractive Metallurgy); Averill, W.A. (EG and G Rocky Flats, Inc., Golden, CO (United States). Rocky Flats Plant)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

A lightweight and extensible Complex Event Processing system for sense and respond applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex Event Processing (CEP) is considered as a promising technology for enabling the evolution of service-oriented enterprise systems towards operational aware systems. CEP effectively supports the implementation of ''sense and respond'' behaviours, ... Keywords: Complex Event Processing, Event processing declarative language, Goods monitoring, Sense and respond applications, Staged Event-Driven Architecture

Ivan Zappia; Federica Paganelli; David Parlanti

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Application Of Optical Processing For Growth Of Silicon Dioxide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for producing a silicon dioxide film on a surface of a silicon substrate. The process comprises illuminating a silicon substrate in a substantially pure oxygen atmosphere with a broad spectrum of visible and infrared light at an optical power density of from about 3 watts/cm.sup.2 to about 6 watts/cm.sup.2 for a time period sufficient to produce a silicon dioxide film on the surface of the silicon substrate. An optimum optical power density is about 4 watts/cm.sup.2 for growth of a 100.ANG.-300.ANG. film at a resultant temperature of about 400.degree. C. Deep level transient spectroscopy analysis detects no measurable impurities introduced into the silicon substrate during silicon oxide production and shows the interface state density at the SiO.sub.2 /Si interface to be very low.

Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

1997-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

310

Food Industry 2000: Food Processing Opportunities, Challenges, New Technology Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents a summary of some of the major factors affecting the food processing industry, i. e., economic pressures, consumer concerns and pressures, regulatory restrictions, and general conservatism. The food industry must be responsive to the growing consumer interest in the relationship between diet and general health, to the changes in consumer demographics and desires, and to the opportunities offered by new technology, especially electrotechnologies.

2000-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

311

Assessment of very high-temperature reactors in process applications. Appendix III. Engineering evaluation of process heat applications for very-high temperature reactors  

SciTech Connect

An engineering and economic evaluation is made of coal conversion processes that can be coupled to a very high-temperature nuclear reactor heat source. The basic system developed by General Atomic/Stone and Webster (GA/S and W) is similar to the H-coal process developed by Hydrocarbon Research, Inc., but is modified to accommodate a nuclear heat source and to produce synthetic natural gas (SNG), synthesis gas, and hydrogen in addition to synthetic crude liquids. The synthetic crude liquid production is analyzed by using the GA/S and W process coupled to either a nuclear- or fossil-heat source. Four other processes are included for comparison: (1) the Lurgi process for production of SNG, (2) the Koppers-Totzek process for production of either hydrogen or synthesis gas, (3) the Hygas process for production of SNG, and (4) the Westinghouse thermal-chemical water splitting process for production of hydrogen. The production of methanol and iron ore reduction are evaluated as two potential applications of synthesis gas from either the GA/S and W or Koppers-Totzek processes. The results indicate that the product costs for each of the gasification and liquefaction processes did not differ significantly, with the exception that the unproven Hygas process was cheaper and the Westinghouse process considerably more expensive than the others.

Wiggins, D.S.; Williams, J.J.

1977-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Working Toward Robust Process Monitoring for Safeguards Applications  

SciTech Connect

New safeguards technologies allow continuous monitoring of plant processes. Efforts to deploy these technologies, as described in a preponderance of literature, typically have consisted of case studies attempting to prove their efficacy in proof-of-principle installations. While the enhanced safeguards capabilities of continuous monitoring have been established, studies thus far have not addressed such challenges as manipulation of a system by a host nation. To prevent this and other such vulnerabilities, one technology, continuous load cell monitoring, was reviewed. This paper will present vulnerabilities as well as mitigation strategies that were identified.

Krichinsky, Alan M [ORNL; Bell, Lisa S [ORNL; Gilligan, Kimberly V [ORNL; Laughter, Mark D [ORNL; Miller, Paul [ORNL; Pickett, Chris A [ORNL; Richardson, Dave [ORNL; Rowe, Nathan C [ORNL; Younkin, James R [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Benchmarking Utility Best Business Practices and Processes for Managing High Penetration PV: Case Studies and Lessons Learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed photovoltaic (PV) power systems are deploying into electric system distribution at increasing rates. The resulting rise in penetration of variable PV generation is, in turn, posing escalating utility grid management challenges, some more pronounced than others in specific pockets of the United States. Grid hosting studies and modeling efforts have helped to build foundational knowledge about the impacts of high penetration PV (HPPV). But, to date, there has been a relative dearth of ...

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

314

Applications of fusion thermal energy to industrial processes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The feasibility of applying fusion thermal energy as process heat in the iron-steel industry, petrochemical industry, cement industry, and in the production of acetylene fom coal via calcium carbide are discussed. These four industries were selected for analysis because they require massive amounts of energy. This preliminary study concludes that the production of synthetic fuels using fusion heat appears to be the most promising method of storing and transporting this heat. Of the four industries studied, the iron-steel and the petrochemical industries appear to be the most promising because they consume substantial amounts of hydrogen and oxygen as feedstocks. These can be produced from water using the high-temperature fusion heat. The production of hydrogen and oxygen using fusion heat will also reduce the capital investment required for these industries. These two industries also consume tremendous amounts of heat at temperatures which can be delivered from a fusion blanket via chemical heat pipes.

Bowman, R.M.; Jody, B.J.; Lu, K.C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Major application areas of porous P/M materials...refining Semiconductor Particle removal process gas Bulk gas delivery systems Purifier media retainers Analysis instruments Gas/liquid chromatography Gas sampling Sensor protection Chemical processing Catalyst recovery Process gases and liquids Fluid-bed reactor products Mineral processing Coal,...

316

CMS Project Team --Business Process Guide Process: Search & Apply for Jobs --External Applicants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recruiting Self Service / Search & Apply for Jobs ­ External Applicants Page: 28 #12;The Terms and Agreements the Job Search hyperlink. The Job Search page displays. 2. Enter search criteria. Job Search Recruiting: · Name: Enter the name of the search. · Notify: Select this checkbox if you wish to be notified of new

Su, Xiao

317

CMS Project Team --Business Process Guide Process: Search & Apply for Jobs --Internal Applicants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ Search & Apply for Jobs ­ External Applicants Page: 23 #12;The Terms and Agreements section displays. 6. To search current job openings, click the Job Search hyperlink. The Job Search page displays. 2. Enter page displays. 6. Complete the Save Search section: · Name: Enter the name of the search. · Notify

Su, Xiao

318

GRR/Section 19-ID-b - Change Application Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Section 19-ID-b - Change Application Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 19-ID-b - Change Application Process 19IDBChangeApplicationProcess (2).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Idaho Department of Water Resources Regulations & Policies Idaho Code 42-222 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 19IDBChangeApplicationProcess (2).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative A water right transfer is a change to a water right's point of diversion,

319

Soybeans as Functional Foods and IngredientsChapter 5 Soy Flour: Varieties, Processing, Properties, and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soybeans as Functional Foods and Ingredients Chapter 5 Soy Flour: Varieties, Processing, Properties, and Applications Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Pre

320

Rapid VLIW processor customization for signal processing applications using combinational hardware functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an architecture that combines VLIW (very long instruction word) processing with the capability to introduce application-specific customized instructions and highly parallel combinational hardware functions for the acceleration of ...

Raymond R. Hoare; Alex K. Jones; Dara Kusic; Joshua Fazekas; John Foster; Shenchih Tung; Michael McCloud

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Simulation in the woods: from remote sensing based data acquisition and processing to various simulation applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on joint work towards the development of simulation applications in the forest sector. They are based on advanced "semantic" world modeling techniques which use remote sensing data and processing algorithms to derive tree species classification ...

Jrgen Rossmann; Michael Schluse; Ralf Waspe; Ralf Moshammer

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

The use of information systems to transform utilities and regulatory commissions: The application of geographic information systems  

SciTech Connect

One technology that can assist utilities remain financially viable in competitive markets and help utilities and regulators to better serve the public is information technology. Because geography is an important part of an electric, natural gas, telecommunications, or water utility, computer-based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related Automated Mapping/Facilities Management systems are emerging as core technologies for managing an ever-expanding variety of formerly manual or paper-based tasks. This report focuses on GIS as an example of the types of information systems that can be used by utilities and regulatory commissions. Chapter 2 provides general information about information systems and effects of information on organizations; Chapter 3 explores the conversion of an organization to an information-based one; Chapters 4 and 5 set out GIS as an example of the use of information technologies to transform the operations of utilities and commissions; Chapter 6 describes the use of GIS and other information systems for organizational reengineering efforts; and Chapter 7 examines the regulatory treatment of information systems.

Wirick, D.W.; Montgomery, G.E.; Wagman, D.C.; Spiers, J.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Pollution Prevention Applications for Solvent Use  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities are working to eliminate or minimize the production of waste in power plant and auxiliary operations. This report presents a six-step process for pollution prevention and case studies with five utilities demonstrating successful applications for solvent uses.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

324

Trial Application of the Facility Safeguardability Assessment Process to the NuScale SMR Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FSA is a screening process intended to focus a facility designers attention on the aspects of their facility or process design that would most benefit from application of SBD principles and practices. The process is meant to identify the most relevant guidance within the SBD tools for enhancing the safeguardability of the design. In fiscal year (FY) 2012, NNSA sponsored PNNL to evaluate the practical application of FSA by applying it to the NuScale small modular nuclear power plant. This report documents the application of the FSA process, presenting conclusions regarding its efficiency and robustness. It describes the NuScale safeguards design concept and presents functional "infrastructure" guidelines that were developed using the FSA process.

Coles, Garill A.; Hockert, John; Gitau, Ernest TN; Zentner, Michael D.

2013-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

325

Trial Application of the Facility Safeguardability Assessment Process to the NuScale SMR Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FSA is a screening process intended to focus a facility designers attention on the aspects of their facility or process design that would most benefit from application of SBD principles and practices. The process is meant to identify the most relevant guidance within the SBD tools for enhancing the safeguardability of the design. In fiscal year (FY) 2012, NNSA sponsored PNNL to evaluate the practical application of FSA by applying it to the NuScale small modular nuclear power plant. This report documents the application of the FSA process, presenting conclusions regarding its efficiency and robustness. It describes the NuScale safeguards design concept and presents functional "infrastructure" guidelines that were developed using the FSA process.

Coles, Garill A.; Gitau, Ernest TN; Hockert, John; Zentner, Michael D.

2012-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

326

Solar feasibility study for site-specific industrial-process-heat applications. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study addresses the technical feasibility of solar energy in industrial process heat (IPH) applications in Mid-America. The study was one of two contracted efforts covering the MASEC 12-state region comprised of: Illinois, Michigan, North Dakota, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Iowa, Missouri, South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska, Wisconsin. The results of our study are encouraging to the potential future role of solar energy in supplying process heat to a varied range of industries and applications. We identified and developed Case Study documentation of twenty feasible solar IPH applications covering eight major SIC groups within the Mid-American region. The geographical distribution of these applications for the existing range of solar insolation levels are shown and the characteristics of the applications are summarized. The results of the study include process identification, analysis of process heat requirements, selection of preliminary solar system characteristics, and estimation of system performance and cost. These are included in each of the 20 Case Studies. The body of the report is divided into two primary discussion sections dealing with the Study Methodology employed in the effort and the Follow-On Potential of the identified applications with regard to possible demonstration projects. The 20 applications are rated with respect to their relative overall viability and procedures are discussed for possible demonstration project embarkment. Also, a possible extension of this present feasibility study for late-comer industrial firms expressing interest appears worthy of consideration.

Murray, O.L.

1980-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

327

Design and implementation of portable data acquisition unit in process control and supervision applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Paper deals with design and implementation of portable data acquisition unit based on 8-bit microcontroller Freescale 68HC908GP32 in process control and supervision applications. Its hardware design is adopted to fulfill high reliability and immunity ... Keywords: 68HC908GP32, Matlab, control web, data acquisition, process control, program libraries

Petr Dostlek; Vladimr Vasek; Jan Dolinay

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Steady-State Operational Degrees of Freedom with Application to Refrigeration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROCESS DESIGN AND CONTROL Steady-State Operational Degrees of Freedom with Application to Refrigeration Cycles Jørgen Bauck Jensen and Sigurd Skogestad* Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian Uni of the circulating refrigerant are also discussed. Two liquified natural gas (LNG) processes of current interest

Skogestad, Sigurd

329

Earth Observation application development based on the Grid oriented ESIP satellite image processing platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite images supply important information on earth surface, weather, clime, geographic areas, vegetation, and natural phenomena. Processing of satellite data requires high computation resources and flexible tools in order to search, discover, and ... Keywords: Grid application development methodology, Grid based processing, Satellite imagery, Web service composition, Workflow

Dorian Gorgan; Victor Bacu; Teodor Stefanut; Denisa Rodila; Danut Mihon

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Variance Optimal Hedging for continuous time processes with independent increments and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a large class of vanilla contingent claims, we establish an explicit F\\"ollmer-Schweizer decomposition when the underlying is a process with independent increments (PII) and an exponential of a PII process. This allows to provide an efficient algorithm for solving the mean variance hedging problem. Applications to models derived from the electricity market are performed.

Goutte, Stphane; Russo, Francesco

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

GRR/Section 4-FD-a - Exploration Application Process BLM | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 4-FD-a - Exploration Application Process BLM GRR/Section 4-FD-a - Exploration Application Process BLM < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 4-FD-a - Exploration Application Process BLM 04FDAExplorationApplication.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies Bureau of Land Management United States Forest Service Regulations & Policies 43 CFR 3250 Exploration Operations - General 43 CFR 3251 Exploration Operations: Getting BLM Approval 43 CFR 3252 Exploration Operations: Conducting Exploration Operations 43 CFR 3253 Exploration Operations: Reports 43 CFR 3261 Drilling Operations: Getting a Permit Triggers None specified Before any (non-casual use) exploration operations are conducted, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) must approve a Notice of Intent (NOI) to

332

Applications for a high temperature gas cooled nuclear reactor in oil shale processing  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented of a study concerning possible applications for a high temperature gas cooled reactor as a process heat source in oil shale retorting and upgrading. Both surface and in situ technologies were evaluated with respect to the applicability and potential benefits of introducing an outside heat source. The primary focus of the study was to determine the fossil resource which might be conserved, or freed for higher uses than furnishing process heat. In addition to evaluating single technologies, a centralized upgrading plant, which would hydrotreat the product from a 400,000 bbl/day regional shale oil industry was also evaluated. The process heat required for hydrogen manufacture via steam reforming, and for whole shale oil hydrotreating would be supplied by an HTGR. Process heat would be supplied where applicable, and electrical power would be generated for the entire industry.

Sinor, J.E.; Roe, D.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Utility Battery Storage Systems Program Report for FY92  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents the fiscal year 1992 activities of the, Utility Battery Storage Systems Program (UBS) of the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Management (OEM). The UBS program is conducted by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). UBS is responsible for the engineering development of integrated battery systems for use in utility-energy-storage (UES) and other stationary applications. Development is accomplished primarily through cost-shared contracts with industrial organizations. An important part of the development process is the identification, analysis, and characterization of attractive UES applications. UBS is organized into five projects: Utility Battery Systems Analyses; Battery Systems Engineering; Zinc/Bromine; Sodium/Sulfur; Supplemental Evaluations and Field Tests. The results of the Utility Systems Analyses are used to identify several utility-based applications for which battery storage can effectively solve existing problems. The results will also specify the engineering requirements for widespread applications and motivate and define needed field evaluations of full-size battery systems.

Butler, P.C.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol Process Design and Economics Utilizing Co-Current Dilute Acid Prehydrolysis and Enzymatic Hydrolysis Current and Futuristic Scenarios  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has undertaken a complete review and update of the process design and economic model for the biomass-to-ethanol enzymatic based process. The process design includes the core technologies being researched by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE): prehydrolysis, simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation, and cellulase enzyme production. In addition, all ancillary areas--feed handling, product recovery and purification, wastewater treatment lignin burner and boiler--turbogenerator, and utilities--are included. NREL engaged Delta-T Corporation to assist in the process design evaluation, equipment costing, and overall plant integration. The process design and costing for the lignin burner and boiler turbogenerator has been reviewed by Reaction Engineering Inc. and the wastewater treatment by Merrick and Company. An overview of both reviews is included here. The purpose of this update was to ensure that the process design and equipment costs were reasonable and consistent with good engineering practice for plants of this type using available technical data. This work has resulted in an economic model that can be used to predict the cost of producing ethanol from cellulosic biomass using this technology if a plant were to be built in the next few years. The model was also extended using technology improvements that are expected to be developed based on the current DOE research plan. Future process designs and cost estimates are given for the years 2005, 2010, and 2015.

Wooley, R.; Ruth, M.; Sheehan, J.; Ibsen, K.; Majdeski, H.; Galvez, A.

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

335

Application Process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Summer Institute is a two-week workshop for middle school science teachers featuring hands-on activities, lectures, tours, and visits with NIST ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Feasible experimental study on the utilization of a 300 MW CFB boiler desulfurizating bottom ash for construction applications  

SciTech Connect

CFB boiler ash cannot be used as a cement replacement in concrete due to its unacceptably high sulfur content. The disposal in landfills has been the most common means of handling ash in circulating fluidized bed boiler power plants. However for a 300 MW CFB boiler power plant, there will be 600,000 tons of ash discharged per year and will result in great volumes and disposal cost of ash byproduct. It was very necessary to solve the utilization of CFB ash and to decrease the disposal cost of CFB ash. The feasible experimental study results on the utilization of the bottom ashes of a 300 MW CFB boiler in Baima power plant in China were reported in this paper. The bottom ashes used for test came from the discharged bottom ashes in a 100 MW CFB boiler in which the anthracite and limestone designed for the 300 MW CFB project was burned. The results of this study showed that the bottom ash could be used for cementitious material, road concrete, and road base material. The masonry cements, road concrete with 30 MPa compressive strength and 4.0 MPa flexural strength, and the road base material used for base courses of the expressway, the main road and the minor lane were all prepared with milled CFB bottom ashes in the lab. The better methods of utilization of the bottom ashes were discussed in this paper.

Lu, X.F.; Amano, R.S. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Program on Technology Innovation: Evaluation of Moisture Influence on Cross-Linked Polyethylene/Silica Nanodielectrics for Utility C able Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water (electrochemical) treeing is a major failure mechanism of utility polymeric power cables. Before nanodielectrics can be seriously considered as cable insulation, it is imperative that their performance be examined in an aqueous environment. This report describes the processes of moisture migration in (filled) polymers, documents experimental work in the temporal and spatial migration of water in nanocomposites in comparison with conventional cross-linked polyethylene, and describes water treeing ch...

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

338

Applicability of the sludge processing technical standard to type IV waste tanks with high fluoride concentration  

SciTech Connect

Type IV waste tanks at the Savannah River Plant which contain ballast water (tanks 17, 18, 19, 20, and 24) have solution compositions that are generally within the database developed for corrosion protection of the sludge processing tanks. Therefore the technical standard covering tank chemistry limits during sludge processing is applicable to the Type TV tanks. However, Tank 20 contains levels of fluoride higher than those treated in the sludge processing database. To confirm the applicability of the sludge processing technical standard, cyclic potentiodynamic polarization scans for pitting susceptibility were run in a simulant of the Tank 20 contents. The nitrite inhibitor level specified by the standards did inhibit pitting corrosion in the simulant. Pitting was inhibited also at the same nitrite level but with 30 percent higher concentrations of chloride, fluoride, and sulfate. Thus the sludge processing technical standard has been shown to provide corrosion protection to type IV tanks containing ballast water.

Zapp, P.E.

1992-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

Case Study of Stratified Chilled Water Storage Utilization for Comfort and Process Cooling in a Hot, Humid Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The advantages of thermal storage are enhanced in hot and humid climates. Year-round cooling loads increase thermal storage operating cost savings. The absence of a long winter during which major maintenance tasks can be accomplished without compromising system reliability increases the importance of thermal storage as back-up capacity. In an industrial setting, operating cost savings due to thermal storage go directly to the bottom line of a manufacturing process and the avoidance of lost production due to process cooling outages can save millions of dollars per year. This paper presents a case study of chilled water storage use at the campus of a major US electronics manufacturer located in Dallas, TX. An overview of the system and its operation is followed by presentation of operating data taken during 1997.

Bahnfleth, W. P.; Musser, A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Strategy Guideline: Application of a Construction Quality Process to Existing Home Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

The Home Innovation Research Labs developed a construction quality process for new and existing high performance homes (HPH) in which high performance goals are established, specifications to meet those goals are defined, and construction monitoring points are added to the construction schedule so that critical energy efficiency details are systematically reviewed, documented, and tested in a timely manner. This report follows the evolution of the construction quality process from its development for new homes, to its application in the construction of a high performance home with enhanced specifications, and its application in a crawlspace renovation.

Mallay, D.; Del Bianco, M.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Emerging Industrial Process Heating Technologies:An Update on Electrotechnologies, Applications, and Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this technical update, emerging technologies as well as applications of electrotechnologies in industrial process heating are discussed. This technical update is a continuation of the Electric Power Research Institutes (EPRIs) research from the previous years and adds new state-of-the-art process heating technologies to the list. The main focus of the research is given to energy-intensive industrial sectors such as primary metals and metal treatment. Successful implementation of the ...

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

342

The application of neural networks with artificial intelligence technique in the modeling of industrial processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neural networks are a relatively new artificial intelligence technique that emulates the behavior of biological neural systems in digital software or hardware. These networks can 'learn', automatically, complex relationships among data. This feature makes the technique very useful in modeling processes for which mathematical modeling is difficult or impossible. The work described here outlines some examples of the application of neural networks with artificial intelligence technique in the modeling of industrial processes.

Saini, K. K.; Saini, Sanju [CDLM engg. College Panniwala Mota, Sirsa and Murthal, Sonipat, Haryana (India)

2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

Nitrogen management in landfill leachate: Application of SHARON, ANAMMOX and combined SHARON-ANAMMOX process  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Significant research on ammonia removal from leachate by SHARON and ANAMMOX process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Operational parameters, microbiology, biochemistry and application of the process. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SHARON-ANAMMOX process for leachate a new research and this paper gives wide facts. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Cost-effective process, alternative to existing technologies for leachate treatment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Address the issues and operational conditions for application in leachate treatment. - Abstract: In today's context of waste management, landfilling of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is considered to be one of the standard practices worldwide. Leachate generated from municipal landfills has become a great threat to the surroundings as it contains high concentration of organics, ammonia and other toxic pollutants. Emphasis has to be placed on the removal of ammonia nitrogen in particular, derived from the nitrogen content of the MSW and it is a long term pollution problem in landfills which determines when the landfill can be considered stable. Several biological processes are available for the removal of ammonia but novel processes such as the Single Reactor System for High Activity Ammonia Removal over Nitrite (SHARON) and Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation (ANAMMOX) process have great potential and several advantages over conventional processes. The combined SHARON-ANAMMOX process for municipal landfill leachate treatment is a new, innovative and significant approach that requires more research to identify and solve critical issues. This review addresses the operational parameters, microbiology, biochemistry and application of both the processes to remove ammonia from leachate.

Sri Shalini, S., E-mail: srishalini10@gmail.com [Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai (India); Joseph, Kurian, E-mail: kuttiani@gmail.com [Centre for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai (India)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Power Harvesting for Sensors in Electric Power Utility Applications: State of Science Review and Test Bed Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The value of wireless sensor networks in remote locations or at high-voltage applications depends on the networks reliable operation for extended period of times without human intervention. Therefore, a major consideration when using wireless sensors is the problem of providing power to the sensors. Presently, wireless sensor nodes are commonly powered by batteries. This situation presents a substantial roadblock to the widespread deployment of wireless sensors due to battery lifetimes and other issues ...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

345

Hydrogen storage via metal hydrides for utility and automotive energy storage applications. [HCl electrolysis for H/sub 2/--Cl/sub 2/ fuel cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Brookhaven National Laboratory is currently supported by ERDA to develop the technology and techniques for storing hydrogen via metal hydrides. Hydrogen is able to react with a wide variety of metal and metal alloy materials to form hydride compounds of hydrogen and metals. These compounds differ in stability--some are relatively unstable and can be readily formed and decomposed at low temperatures. The use of these systems for hydrogen storage involves the design of heat exchanger and mass transfer systems, i.e., removal of heat during the charging reaction and addition of heat during the discharge reaction. The most notable example of a metal hydride material is iron titanium which shows promise of being economical for a number of near term hydrogen storage applications. Recent work and progress on the development of metal hydrides for hydrogen storage connected with utility energy storage applications and natural gas supplementation are discussed and electric-to-electric storage system is described in some detail. A system of energy storage involving the electrolysis of hydrochloric acid is described which would utilize metal hydrides to store the hydrogen. In addition, the use of metal hydrides for hydrogen storage in automotive systems is described.

Salzano, F J; Braun, C; Beaufrere, A; Srinivasan, S; Strickland, G; Reilly, J J; Waide, C

1976-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Bibliography [1] Linda Allen, Stochastic Processes with Applications to Biology, Pearson, New  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Multi-level Monte Carlo for stochas- tically modeled chemical kinetic systems, accepted for publicationBibliography [1] Linda Allen, Stochastic Processes with Applications to Biology, Pearson, New. Kurtz, Continuous time markov chain models for chemical reaction networks, Design and Analysis

Anderson, David F.

347

Microwave applicator for in-drum processing of radioactive waste slurry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave applicator for processing of radioactive waste slurry uses a waveguide network which splits an input microwave of TE.sub.10 rectangular mode to TE.sub.01 circular mode. A cylindrical body has four openings, each receiving 1/4 of the power input. The waveguide network includes a plurality of splitters to effect the 1/4 divisions of power.

White, Terry L. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Efficient mapping of an image processing application for a network-on-chip based implementation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Network-on-chip (NoC) is considered the next generation of communication infrastructure, which will be omnipresent in different environments. In the platform-based methodology, an application is implemented by a set of collaborating ... Keywords: NoC, chip, digital image processing, mapping, network-on-

Marcus Vinicius Carvalho Da Silva; Nadia Nedjah; Luiza de Macedo Mourelle

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Process for selecting NEAMS applications for access to Idaho National Laboratory high performance computing resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

INL has agreed to provide participants in the Nuclear Energy Advanced Mod- eling and Simulation (NEAMS) program with access to its high performance computing (HPC) resources under sponsorship of the Enabling Computational Technologies (ECT) program element. This report documents the process used to select applications and the software stack in place at INL.

Michael Pernice

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

State-of-the-art of solar control systems in industrial process heat applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art of solar control systems is addressed pertinent to industrial process heat applications. Solar system configurations currently being used or proposed are presented; parameters and functions deemed essential in solar system controls are identified; operating deficiencies are described; and possible future improvements are discussed.

Su, W. S.; Castle, J. N.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

File:04FDBExplorationPreApplicationProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search File Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:04FDBExplorationPreApplicationProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:04FDBExplorationPreApplicationProcess.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 36 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:47, 1 August 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 14:47, 1 August 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (36 KB) Apalazzo (Talk | contribs)

352

Process fault tolerance: semantics, design and applications for high performance computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With increasing numbers of processors on current machines, the probability for node or link failures is also increasing. Therefore, application-level fault tolerance is becoming more of an important issue for both end-users and the institutions running the machines. In this paper we present the semantics of a fault-tolerant version of the message passing interface (MPI), the de-facto standard for communication in scientific applications, which gives applications the possibility to recover from a node or link error and continue execution in a well-defined way. We present the architecture of fault-tolerant MPI, an implementation of MPI using the semantics presented above as well as benchmark results with various applications. An example of a fault-tolerant parallel equation solver, performance results as well as the time for recovering from a process failure are furthermore detailed.

Jack J; Graham E. Fagg; Graham E. Fagg; Edgar Gabriel; Edgar Gabriel; Zizhong Chen; Zizhong Chen; Thara Angskun; Thara Angskun; George Bosilca; George Bosilca; Jelena Pjesivac-grbovic; Jelena Pjesivac-grbovic; Jack J. Dongarra

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Solution Synthesis and Processing of PZT Materials for Neutron Generator Applications  

SciTech Connect

A new solution synthesis route has been developed for the preparation of lead-based ferroelectric materials (patent filed). The process produces controlled stoichiometry precursor powders by non-aqueous precipitation. For a given ferroelectric material to be prepared, a metal acetate/alkoxide solution containing constituent metal species in the appropriate ratio is mixed with an oxalic acid/n-propanol precipitant solution. An oxalate coprecipitate is instantly fonned upon mixing that quantitatively removes the metals from solution. Most of the process development was focused on the synthesis and processing of niobium-substituted lead zirconate titanate with a Zr-to-Ti ratio of 95:5 (PNZT 95/5) that has an application in neutron generator power supplies. The process was scaled to produce 1.6 kg of the PNZT 95/5 powder using either a sen-ii-batch or a continuous precipitation scheme. Several of the PNZT 95/5 powder lots were processed into ceramic slug form. The slugs in turn were processed into components and characterized. The physical properties and electrical performance (including explosive functional testing of the components met the requirements set for the neutron generator application. Also, it has been demonstrated that the process is highly reproducible with respect to the properties of the powders it produces and the properties of the ceramics prepared from its powders. The work described in this report was funded by Sandia's Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program.

Anderson, M.A.; Ewsuk, K.G.; Montoya, T.V.; Moore, R.H.; Sipola, D.L.; Tuttle, B.A.; Voigt, J.A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The Utility of Naturalness, and how its Application to Quantum Electrodynamics envisages the Standard Model and Higgs Boson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the Higgs boson discovery and no new physics found at the LHC, confidence in Naturalness as a guiding principle for particle physics is under increased pressure. We wait to see if it proves its mettle in the LHC upgrades ahead, and beyond. In the meantime, in a series of "realistic intellectual leaps" I present a justification {\\it a posteriori} of the Naturalness criterion by suggesting that uncompromising application of the principle to quantum electrodynamics leads toward the Standard Model and Higgs boson without additional experimental input. Potential lessons for today and future theory building are commented upon.

James D. Wells

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Dynamic Complexity Study of Nuclear Reactor and Process Heat Application Integration  

SciTech Connect

Abstract This paper describes the key obstacles and challenges facing the integration of nuclear reactors with process heat applications as they relate to dynamic issues. The paper also presents capabilities of current modeling and analysis tools available to investigate these issues. A pragmatic approach to an analysis is developed with the ultimate objective of improving the viability of nuclear energy as a heat source for process industries. The extension of nuclear energy to process heat industries would improve energy security and aid in reduction of carbon emissions by reducing demands for foreign derived fossil fuels. The paper begins with an overview of nuclear reactors and process application for potential use in an integrated system. Reactors are evaluated against specific characteristics that determine their compatibility with process applications such as heat outlet temperature. The reactor system categories include light water, heavy water, small to medium, near term high-temperature, and far term high temperature reactors. Low temperature process systems include desalination, district heating, and tar sands and shale oil recovery. High temperature processes that support hydrogen production include steam reforming, steam cracking, hydrogen production by electrolysis, and far-term applications such as the sulfur iodine chemical process and high-temperature electrolysis. A simple static matching between complementary systems is performed; however, to gain a true appreciation for system integration complexity, time dependent dynamic analysis is required. The paper identifies critical issues arising from dynamic complexity associated with integration of systems. Operational issues include scheduling conflicts and resource allocation for heat and electricity. Additionally, economic and safety considerations that could impact the successful integration of these systems are considered. Economic issues include the cost differential arising due to an integrated system and the economic allocation of electricity and heat resources. Safety issues include changes in regulatory constraints imposed on the facilities. Modeling and analysis tools, such as System Dynamics for time dependent operational and economic issues and RELAP5 3D for chemical transient affects, are evaluated. The results of this study advance the body of knowledge toward integration of nuclear reactors and process heat applications.

J'Tia Patrice Taylor; David E. Shropshire

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Application of the pulsed magnetic welding process to nuclear breeder reactor fuel pin end closures  

SciTech Connect

The pulsed magnetic welding process is a solid state welding process in which metallurgical bonding is effected by impacting metal or alloy parts against each other at high velocity by use of controlled high frequency, high intensity pulsed magnetic fields. This process is similar to the explosive welding process except that magnetic energy is used for impacting the parts together instead of using explosive energy. The pulsed magnetic welding (PMW) process is readily applied to the welding of cylindrical plugs to small diameter tubes. Although breeder reactor fuel pin design may vary in size, the application described here consisted of cladding tubes approximately 6.4 mm in diameter by 244 cm long with a wall thickness of 0.38 mm. After the cladding tubes are filled with fuel pellets and associated metal hardware, tapered end plugs are inserted into the end of the tubes and welded. A typical setup for PMW is described.

Brown, W.F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Two case studies of the application of solar energy for industrial process heat  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Case studies of industrial process heat (IPH) have been performed by the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) on selected plants in metal processing, oil production, beverage container manufacturing, commercial laundering, paint (resin manufacturing), and food industries. For each plant, the application of solar energy to processes requiring hot water, hot air, or steam was examined, after energy conservation measures were included. A life-cycle economic analysis was performed for the solar system compared to the conventional energy system. The studies of the oil production facility (oil/water separation process) indicate that it could economically employ a solar hot water system immediately. The studies of solar energy applied to the beverage container process (solar air preheat system with partial recycle of oven exhaust gases) indicate a 7.5-yr payback period, based on a solar system installation in 1985.

Hooker, D. W.; West, R. E.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

File:05-FD-a - DrillingPreApplicationProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FD-a - DrillingPreApplicationProcess.pdf FD-a - DrillingPreApplicationProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:05-FD-a - DrillingPreApplicationProcess.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 60 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:47, 29 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 14:47, 29 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (60 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) 14:41, 29 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 14:41, 29 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (60 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs) 16:40, 25 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 16:40, 25 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (60 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs)

359

File:05-FD-b - DrillingApplicationProcess.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b - DrillingApplicationProcess.pdf b - DrillingApplicationProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:05-FD-b - DrillingApplicationProcess.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:00, 2 August 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 14:00, 2 August 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (32 KB) Apalazzo (Talk | contribs) 15:51, 1 August 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 15:51, 1 August 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (33 KB) Apalazzo (Talk | contribs) 17:00, 25 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 17:00, 25 October 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (49 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs)

360

File:05CAADrillingApplicationProcess (1).pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CAADrillingApplicationProcess (1).pdf CAADrillingApplicationProcess (1).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage File:05CAADrillingApplicationProcess (1).pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 2 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 13:07, 19 November 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 13:07, 19 November 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 2 pages (119 KB) Dfitzger (Talk | contribs) 12:17, 19 November 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 12:17, 19 November 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 2 pages (119 KB) Dfitzger (Talk | contribs)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

File:07CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf 7CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:07CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 95 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 2 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 11:37, 9 July 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 11:37, 9 July 2013 1,275 × 1,650, 2 pages (95 KB) Alevine (Talk | contribs) 11:27, 12 September 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 11:27, 12 September 2012 1,275 × 1,650, 2 pages (96 KB) Djenne (Talk | contribs)

362

File:04FDCExplorationApplicationProcessUSFS (3).pdf | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

FDCExplorationApplicationProcessUSFS (3).pdf FDCExplorationApplicationProcessUSFS (3).pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:04FDCExplorationApplicationProcessUSFS (3).pdf Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 37 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 13:46, 2 August 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 13:46, 2 August 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (37 KB) Apalazzo (Talk | contribs) 13:43, 2 August 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 13:43, 2 August 2013 1,275 × 1,650 (37 KB) Apalazzo (Talk | contribs) 10:58, 14 November 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 10:58, 14 November 2012 1,275 × 1,650 (79 KB) Dklein2012 (Talk | contribs)

363

Biobased Surfactants and Detergents Synthesis, Properties, and ApplicationsChapter 3 Mannosylerythritol Lipids: Production and Downstream Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biobased Surfactants and Detergents Synthesis, Properties, and Applications Chapter 3 Mannosylerythritol Lipids: Production and Downstream Processing Surfactants and Detergents eChapters Surfactants - Detergents Press

364

Small sample properties of an adaptive filter with application to low volume statistical process control  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In many manufacturing environments such as the nuclear weapons complex, emphasis has shifted from the regular production and delivery of large orders to infrequent small orders. However, the challenge to maintain the same high quality and reliability standards white building much smaller lot sizes remains. To meet this challenge, specific areas need more attention, including fast and on-target process start-up, low volume statistical process control, process characterization with small experiments, and estimating reliability given few actual performance tests of the product. In this paper the authors address the issue of low volume statistical process control. They investigate an adaptive filtering approach to process monitoring with a relatively short time series of autocorrelated data. The emphasis is on estimation and minimization of mean squared error rather than the traditional hypothesis testing and run length analyses associated with process control charting. The authors develop an adaptive filtering technique that assumes initial process parameters are unknown, and updates the parameters as more data become available. Using simulation techniques, they study the data requirements (the length of a time series of autocorrelated data) necessary to adequately estimate process parameters. They show that far fewer data values are needed than is typically recommended for process control applications. And they demonstrate the techniques with a case study from the nuclear weapons manufacturing complex.

Crowder, S.V. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Eshleman, L. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and CharacterizationChapter 20 Palm Oleochemicals in Non-food Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and Characterization Chapter 20 Palm Oleochemicals in Non-food Applications Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemis

366

Sustained utility implementation of photovoltaics. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

SMUD is a leader in utility grid-connected applications of PVs with the world`s largest distributed PV power system. SMUD is continuing its ambitious sustained, orderly development (SOD) commercialization effort of the grid-connected, utility PV market. This program is aimed at developing the experience needed to successfully integrate PV as distributed generation into the utility system, develop market and long-term business strategies and to stimulate the collaborative processes needed to accelerate the cost-reductions necessary for PV to be cost-competitive in these applications by about the year 2002. This report documents the progress made in the 1994/1995 SMUD PV Program under this contract and the PV projects partially supported by this contract. This contract has been considered a Pre-cursor to the TEAM-UP program implemented the following year.

Osborn, D.E.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations The U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems...

368

Control Improvement for Jump-Diffusion Processes with Applications to Finance  

SciTech Connect

We consider stochastic control problems with jump-diffusion processes and formulate an algorithm which produces, starting from a given admissible control {pi}, a new control with a better value. If no improvement is possible, then {pi} is optimal. Such an algorithm is well-known for discrete-time Markov Decision Problems under the name Howard's policy improvement algorithm. The idea can be traced back to Bellman. Here we show with the help of martingale techniques that such an algorithm can also be formulated for stochastic control problems with jump-diffusion processes. As an application we derive some interesting results in financial portfolio optimization.

Baeuerle, Nicole, E-mail: nicole.baeuerle@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Stochastics (Germany); Rieder, Ulrich, E-mail: ulrich.rieder@uni-ulm.de [University of Ulm, Department of Optimization and Operations Research (Germany)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Applications of thermal energy storage to process heat and waste heat recovery in the primary aluminum industry. Final report, September 1977-September 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The results of a study entitled, Applications of Thermal Energy Storage to Process Heat and Waste Heat Recovery in the Primary Aluminum Industry are presented. In this preliminary study, a system has been identified by which the large amounts of low-grade waste energy in the primary pollution control system gas stream can be utilized for comfort heating in nearby communities. Energy is stored in the form of hot water, contained in conventional, insulated steel tanks, enabling a more efficient utilization of the constant energy source by the cyclical energy demand. Less expensive energy storage means (heated ponds, aquifers), when they become fully characterized, will allow even more cost-competitive systems. Extensive design tradeoff studies have been performed. These tradeoff studies indicate that a heating demand equivalent to 12,000 single-family residences can be supplied by the energy from the Intalco plant. Using a 30-year payback criterion (consistent with utility planning practice), the average cost of energy supplied over the system useful life is predicted at one-third the average cost of fossil fuel. The study clearly shows that the utilization of waste energy from aluminum plants is both technically and economically attractive. The program included a detailed survey of all aluminum plants within the United States, allowing the site specific analyses to be extrapolated to a national basis. Should waste heat recovery systems be implemented by 1985, a national yearly savings of 6.5 million barrels of oil can be realized.

Katter, L.B.; Hoskins, R.L.

1979-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Microwave applicator for in-drum processing of radioactive waste slurry  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwave applicator for processing of radioactive waste slurry uses a waveguide network which splits an input microwave of TE[sub 10] rectangular mode to TE[sub 01] circular mode. A cylindrical body has four openings, each receiving 1/4 of the power input. The waveguide network includes a plurality of splitters to effect the 1/4 divisions of power. 4 figures.

White, T.L.

1994-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

371

Progress Report for Diffusion Welding of the NGNP Process Application Heat Exchangers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NGNP Project is currently investigating the use of metallic, diffusion welded, compact heat exchangers to transfer heat from the primary (reactor side) heat transport system to the secondary heat transport system. The intermediate heat exchanger will transfer this heat to downstream applications such as hydrogen production, process heat, and electricity generation. The channeled plates that make up the heat transfer surfaces of the intermediate heat exchanger will have to be assembled into an array by diffusion welding.

R.E. Mizia; D.E. Clark; M.V. Glazoff; T.E. Lister; T.L. Trowbridge

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Evaluation of Risk Informed Safety Margin Characterization for Applicability to Significance Determination Process Evaluations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes an industry application of the risk-informed safety margin characterization (RISMC) framework to the analysis of a plant event previously subjected to a significance determination process (SDP) evaluation. Within the nuclear regulatory system in the United States, the SDP uses risk insights, where appropriate, to help inspectors and regulatory staff determine the safety or security significance of inspection findings identified within the seven cornerstones of safety at ...

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

373

Electron-beam processing of kilogram quantities of iridium for radioisotope thermoelectric generator applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Iridium alloys are used as fuel-cladding materials in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs). Hardware produced at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been used in Voyagers I and 2, Galilee, and Ulysses spacecraft. An integral part of the production of iridium-sheet metal involves electron-beam (EB) processing. These processes include the degassing of powder-pressed compacts followed by multiple meltings in order to purify 500-g buttons of Ir-0.3% W alloy. Starting in 1972 and continuing into 1992, our laboratory EB processing was Performed (ca. 1970) in a 60-kW (20 kV at 3 A), two-gun system. In 1991, a new 150-kW EB gun facility was installed to complement the older unit. This paper describes how the newly installed system was qualified for production of RTG developmental work is discussed that will potentially improve the existing process by utilizing the capabilities of the new EB system.

Huxford, T.J.; Ohriner, E.K.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Electron-beam processing of kilogram quantities of iridium for radioisotope thermoelectric generator applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Iridium alloys are used as fuel-cladding materials in radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs). Hardware produced at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has been used in Voyagers I and 2, Galilee, and Ulysses spacecraft. An integral part of the production of iridium-sheet metal involves electron-beam (EB) processing. These processes include the degassing of powder-pressed compacts followed by multiple meltings in order to purify 500-g buttons of Ir-0.3% W alloy. Starting in 1972 and continuing into 1992, our laboratory EB processing was Performed (ca. 1970) in a 60-kW (20 kV at 3 A), two-gun system. In 1991, a new 150-kW EB gun facility was installed to complement the older unit. This paper describes how the newly installed system was qualified for production of RTG developmental work is discussed that will potentially improve the existing process by utilizing the capabilities of the new EB system.

Huxford, T.J.; Ohriner, E.K.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

NETL: Carbon Storage - CO2 Utilization Focus Area  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CO2 Utilization CO2 Utilization Carbon Storage CO2 Utilization Focus Area Carbon dioxide (CO2) utilization efforts focus on pathways and novel approaches for reducing CO2 emissions by developing beneficial uses for the CO2 that will mitigate CO2 emissions in areas where geologic storage may not be an optimal solution. CO2 can be used in applications that could generate significant benefits. It is possible to develop alternatives that can use captured CO2 or convert it to useful products such chemicals, cements, or plastics. Revenue generated from the utilized CO2 could also offset a portion of the CO2 capture cost. Processes or concepts must take into account the life cycle of the process to ensure that additional CO2 is not produced beyond what is already being removed from or going into the atmosphere. Furthermore, while the utilization of CO2 has some potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere, CO2 has certain disadvantages as a chemical reactant. Carbon dioxide is rather inert and non-reactive. This inertness is the reason why CO2 has broad industrial and technical applications. Each potential use of CO2 has an energy requirement that needs to be determined; and the CO2 produced to create the energy for the specific utilization process must not exceed the CO2 utilized.

376

PNNL: Available Technologies: Energy & Utilities Industry  

Industry: Energy & Utilities. Click on the portfolios below to view the technologies that may have potential applications in the Energy & ...

377

Preliminary analysis of the state of the art of robotics and precision engineering and evaluation of potential for improved energy utilization in the pulp, paper, and related energy-consuming processes. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study was undertaken to conduct a preliminary analysis of the state of the art of two technologies, robotics and precision engineering, and to evaluate their potential for improved energy utilization in the pulp, paper, and related energy consuming processes. Activity in the robotics field is growing rapidly, most activity being related to the development of smart robots rather than to systems. There is a broad base of support, both in industry and the universities, for upgrading robot machine capabilities. A large part of that support is associated with visualization and tactile sensors which facilitate assembly, placement, inspection, and tracking. Progress in this area is relatively rapid and development times are short for specifically engineered applications. The critical path in the development of robotic systems lies in the generation of reliable sensor signals. Robotic systems require a broad spectrum of sensors from which hierarchical logic systems can draw decision making information. This requirement resulted in the establishment of a program at the National Bureau of Standards which is attempting to develop a spectrum of sensor capabilities. Such sensors are applicable to robotic system automatic process control in a variety of energy-intensive industries. Precision engineering is defined as the generation or manufacture of components wherein geometry, dimension, and surface finish are controlled to within several hundred Angstroms in single point turning operations. Investigation into the state of the art of precision engineering in the United States finds that this capability exists in several national laboratories and is intended to be used exclusively for the development of weapons. There is an attempt at the present time by Lawrence Livermore Laboratory to expand its capability into industry. Several corporations are now beginning to develop equipment to support the precision engineering field.

None

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Commercial applications of refractory metals and alloys by industry...Rhenium, W-Re Process industries Heating and cooling coils Tantalum, Ta-Nb Shell and tube heat exchangers Tantalum Condensers Tantalum Tantalum-clad steel vessels Tantalum Distillation towers Tantalum Valves for hot sulfuric acid service Molybdenum, tantalum, Ta-Nb Expansion joints (bellows) Tantalum...

379

Process analysis and economics of biophotolysis of water. IEA technical report from the IEA Agreement on the Production and Utilization of Hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report is a preliminary cost analysis of the biophotolysis of water and was prepared as part of the work of Annex 10 of the IEA Hydrogen agreement. Biophotolysis is the conversion of water and solar energy to hydrogen and oxygen using microalgae. In laboratory experiments at low light intensities, algal photosynthesis and some biophotolysis reactions exhibit highlight conversion efficiencies that could be extrapolated to about 10% solar efficiencies if photosynthesis were to saturate at full sunlight intensities. The most promising approach to achieving the critical goal of high conversion efficiencies at full sunlight intensities, one that appears within the capabilities of modern biotechnology, is to genetically control the pigment content of algal cells such that the photosynthetic apparatus does not capture more photons than it can utilize. A two-stage indirect biophotolysis system was conceptualized and general design parameters extrapolated. The process comprises open ponds for the CO{sub 2}fixation stage, an algal concentration step, a dark adaptation and fermentation stage, and a closed tubular photobioreactor in which hydrogen production would take place. A preliminary cost analysis for a 200 hectare (ha) system, including 140 ha of open algal ponds and 14 ha of photobioreactors was carried out. The cost analysis was based on prior studies for algal mass cultures for fuels production and a conceptual analysis of a hypothetical photochemical processes, as well as the assumption that the photobioreactors would cost about $100/m(sup 2). Assuming a very favorable location, with 21 megajoules (MJ)/m{sup 2} total insolation, and a solar conversion efficiency of 10% based on CO{sub 2} fixation in the large algal ponds, an overall cost of $10/gigajoule (GJ) is projected. Of this, almost half is due to the photobioreactors, one fourth to the open pond system, and the remainder to the H{sub 2} handling and general support systems. It must be cautioned that these are highly preliminary, incomplete, and optimistic estimates. Biophotolysis processes, indirect or direct, clearly require considerable basic and applied R and D before a more detailed evaluation of their potential and plausible economics can be carried out. For example, it is not yet clear which type of algae, green algae, or cyanobacteria, would be preferred in biophotolysis. If lower-cost photobioreactors can be developed, then small-scale (<1 ha) single-stage biophotolysis processes may become economically feasible. A major basic and applied R and D effort will be required to develop such biophotolysis processes.

Benemann, J.R.

1998-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

380

By-Products Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and clean-coal ashes) andcoal ash blends (Class F plus clean-coal ash blends) in the range of 0 to 60Center for By-Products Utilization CHARACTERIZATION AND APPLICATION OF CLASSF FLY ASHCOAL AND CLEAN-COAL,and Bruce W. Ramme CBU-1996-08 REP-283 July 1996 Presented andPublished at the American Coal Ash Association

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

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381

CAT-CVD process and its application to preparation of Si-based thin films  

SciTech Connect

This is to review the present understanding on Cat-CVD (catalytic chemical vapor deposition) or hot wire CVD. Firstly, the deposition mechanism in Cat-CVD process is briefly mentioned along with key issues such as the effect of heat radiation and a method to avoid contamination from the catalyzer. Secondly, the properties of Cat-CVD Si-based thin films such as amorphous silicon (a-Si), polycrystalline silicon (poly-Si) and silicon nitride (SiN{sub x}) films are demonstrated, and finally, the feasibility of such films for industrial application is discussed.

Matsumura, Hideki; Masuda, Atsushi; Izumi, Akira

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Cloud computing and electricity: beyond the utility model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessing the strengths, weaknesses, and general applicability of the computing-as-utility business model.

Erik Brynjolfsson; Paul Hofmann; John Jordan

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Process Parameters and Energy Use of Gas and Electric Ovens in Industrial Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study was conducted to evaluate the energy use of natural gas and electric ovens in the production of polymer bearings and components. Tests were conducted to evaluate and compare the performance of natural gas and electric ovens in the process of sintering billets which are made from a broad range of materials such as PTFE and other fluoropolymers, elastomers, themosets, themoplastics and composites. The purpose of this study was to compare the process parameters under similar conditions for industrial applications where electric ovens have predominant use. Tests were performed to obtain the process efficiency and examine cost savings potential in converting electric ovens to natural gas. Preliminary results show that, for the plat studied, cost savings of about $10,000 per oven can be achieved, with a simple payback period of less than two years. The results also show that additional energy savings will be realized if the oven size and exhaust flow are carefully selected. The data obtained from these experiments were used to calculate process efficiency. Design features and environmental issues are discussed.

Kosanovic, D.; Ambs, L.

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Applications of Electro-Osmotic Transport in the Processing of Textiles  

SciTech Connect

We report development of a pilot process for the industrial rinsing of fabrics. This process combines hydraulic (pressure-driven) transport with electro-osmotic transport. It reduces the total amount of water required in certain rinsing operations by a factor of about five. Cotton exhibits an electro-osmotic transport coefficient of about 6 x 10{sup -9} m{sup 2}/s-V resulting from a partial ionization of hydroxyl groups on the cellulose polymer substrate. This process applies a field transverse to the fabric to effect the movement of water in the spaces between the 10 {micro}m cotton fibers which constitute the yam. The field strength is adjusted so that the induced electro-osmotic flux is comparable to a pressure-driven flux, which moves preferentially in the more open channels between the yams. For a fixed current density, solution conductivity and electro-osmotic transport vary inversely. The process is most practical for removal of liquids of relatively low conductivity (<500 {micro}S/cm). For removal of solutions of conductivity greater than 1200 {micro}S/cm, the rate of electro-osmotic flow may be too low to benefit the rinsing process if current densities are restricted to practical levels of about 30 mA/cm{sup 2}. Electra-osmotic transport may have important applications in wet processing of extremely fine textiles, such as micro fiber fabrics. In addition to rinsing, electro-osmotic transport may also be used to speed the penetration of chemicals and dyestuffs that are applied to the surface of wet textiles.

Cooper, J.F.; Krueger, R.; Hopper, R.; Cherepy, N.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

385

Life-cycle cost comparisons of advanced storage batteries and fuel cells for utility, stand-alone, and electric vehicle applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents a comparison of battery and fuel cell economics for ten different technologies. To develop an equitable economic comparison, the technologies were evaluated on a life-cycle cost (LCC) basis. The LCC comparison involved normalizing source estimates to a standard set of assumptions and preparing a lifetime cost scenario for each technology, including the initial capital cost, replacement costs, operating and maintenance (O M) costs, auxiliary energy costs, costs due to system inefficiencies, the cost of energy stored, and salvage costs or credits. By considering all the costs associated with each technology over its respective lifetime, the technology that is most economical to operate over any given period of time can be determined. An analysis of this type indicates whether paying a high initial capital cost for a technology with low O M costs is more or less economical on a lifetime basis than purchasing a technology with a low initial capital cost and high O M costs. It is important to realize that while minimizing cost is important, the customer will not always purchase the least expensive technology. The customer may identify benefits associated with a more expensive option that make it the more attractive over all (e.g., reduced construction lead times, modularity, environmental benefits, spinning reserve, etc.). The LCC estimates presented in this report represent three end-use applications: utility load-leveling, stand-alone power systems, and electric vehicles.

Humphreys, K.K.; Brown, D.R.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

A Mechanistic Treatment of the Dominant Soil Nitrogen Cycling Processes: Model Development, Testing, and Application  

SciTech Connect

The development and initial application of a mechanistic model (TOUGHREACT-N) designed to characterize soil nitrogen (N) cycling and losses are described. The model couples advective and diffusive nutrient transport, multiple microbial biomass dynamics, and equilibrium and kinetic chemical reactions. TOUGHREACT-N was calibrated and tested against field measurements to assess pathways of N loss as either gas emission or solute leachate following fertilization and irrigation in a Central Valley, California, agricultural field as functions of fertilizer application rate and depth, and irrigation water volume. Our results, relative to the period before plants emerge, show that an increase in fertilizer rate produced a nonlinear response in terms of N losses. An increase of irrigation volume produced NO{sub 2}{sup -} and NO{sub 3}{sup -} leaching, whereas an increase in fertilization depth mainly increased leaching of all N solutes. In addition, nitrifying bacteria largely increased in mass with increasing fertilizer rate. Increases in water application caused nitrifiers and denitrifiers to decrease and increase their mass, respectively, while nitrifiers and denitrifiers reversed their spatial stratification when fertilizer was applied below 15 cm depth. Coupling aqueous advection and diffusion, and gaseous diffusion with biological processes, closely captured actual conditions and, in the system explored here, significantly clarified interpretation of field measurements.

Riley, William; Maggi, F.; Gu, C.; Riley, W.J.; Hornberger, G.M.; Venterea, R.T.; Xu, T.; Spycher, N.; Steefel, C.; Miller, N.L.; Oldenburg, C.M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Utility-Scale Solar Power Converter: Agile Direct Grid Connect Medium Voltage 4.7-13.8 kV Power Converter for PV Applications Utilizing Wide Band Gap Devices  

SciTech Connect

Solar ADEPT Project: Satcon is developing a compact, lightweight power conversion device that is capable of taking utility-scale solar power and outputting it directly into the electric utility grid at distribution voltage levelseliminating the need for large transformers. Transformers step up the voltage of the power that is generated by a solar power system so it can be efficiently transported through transmission lines and eventually stepped down to usable voltages before it enters homes and businesses. Power companies step up the voltage because less electricity is lost along transmission lines when the voltage is high and current is low. Satcons new power conversion devices will eliminate these heavy transformers and connect a utility-scale solar power system directly to the grid. Satcons modular devices are designed to ensure reliabilityif one device fails it can be bypassed and the system can continue to run.

None

2012-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

388

National Utility Rate Database: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

When modeling solar energy technologies and other distributed energy systems, using high-quality expansive electricity rates is essential. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a utility rate platform for entering, storing, updating, and accessing a large collection of utility rates from around the United States. This utility rate platform lives on the Open Energy Information (OpenEI) website, OpenEI.org, allowing the data to be programmatically accessed from a web browser, using an application programming interface (API). The semantic-based utility rate platform currently has record of 1,885 utility rates and covers over 85% of the electricity consumption in the United States.

Ong, S.; McKeel, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Processing of LaCrO{sub 3} for solid oxide fuel cell applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The University of Missouri-Rolla is performing a 5 year research program with two primary objectives: (1) developing LaCrO{sub 3}-based interconnect powders which densify when in contact with anode and cathode materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), and (2) developing high performance cathodes, anodes and interfaces for use in planar SOFC`s. With regard to the processing and sintering of LaCrO{sub 3}, the specific objectives of this research program are to: (1) develop a non-liquid phase sintered LaCrO{sub 3}-based material sinterable in air; (2) improve and control the properties requisite of LaCrO{sub 3} utilizing a B-site acceptor dopant; (3) optimize and control the processing conditions associated with LaCrO{sub 3}; and (4) incorporate materials developed in this program into planar cells and measure their performance. With regard to developing high performance materials for use in planar SOFC`s, the specific objectives of this research program over the last year have been to: (1) fabricate single cells with controlled microstructures for operation at 1,000 C; (2) gain a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in improving cell performance via electrochemical and impedance techniques; and (3) developing processing {leftrightarrow} microstructure {leftrightarrow} property relations of electrodes and their corresponding interfacial reactions. This report is divided into two primary sections: (1) LaCrO{sub 3} sintering studies and (2) SOFC performance studies. Results from these studies are presented in the following sections.

Huebner, W.; Anderson, H.U.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

390

Flaxseed in Human Nutrition, 2nd EditionChapter 21 Flaxseed Proteins: Potential Food Applications and Process-Induced Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flaxseed in Human Nutrition, 2nd Edition Chapter 21 Flaxseed Proteins: Potential Food Applications and Process-Induced Changes Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemi

391

Progress Report for Diffusion Welding of the NGNP Process Application Heat Exchangers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy selected the high temperature gas-cooled reactor as the basis for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP). The NGNP will demonstrate the use of nuclear power for electricity, hydrogen production, and process heat applications. The NGNP Project is currently investigating the use of metallic, diffusion welded, compact heat exchangers to transfer heat from the primary (reactor side) heat transport system to the secondary heat transport system. An intermediate heat exchanger will transfer this heat to downstream applications such as hydrogen production, process heat, and electricity generation. The channeled plates that make up the heat transfer surfaces of the intermediate heat exchanger will have to be assembled into an array by diffusion welding. This report describes the preliminary results of a scoping study that evaluated the diffusion welding process parameters and the resultant mechanical properties of diffusion welded joints using Alloy 800H. The long-term goal of the program is to progress towards demonstration of small heat exchanger unit cells fabricated with diffusion welds. Demonstration through mechanical testing of the unit cells will support American Society of Mechanical Engineers rules and standards development, reduce technical risk, and provide proof of concept for heat exchanger fabrication methods needed to deploy heat exchangers in several potential NGNP configurations.1 Researchers also evaluated the usefulness of modern thermodynamic and diffusion computational tools (Thermo-Calc and Dictra) in optimizing the parameters for diffusion welding of Alloy 800H. The modeling efforts suggested a temperature of 1150 C for 1 hour with an applied pressure of 5 MPa using 15 {micro}m nickel foil as joint filler to reduce chromium oxidation on the welded surfaces. Good agreement between modeled and experimentally determined concentration gradients was achieved

R.E. Mizia; D.E. Clark; M.V. Glazoff; T.E. Lister; T.L. Trowbridge

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Electrolysis: Information and Opportunities for Electric Power Utilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Recent advancements in hydrogen technologies and renewable energy applications show promise for economical near- to mid-term conversion to a hydrogen-based economy. As the use of hydrogen for the electric utility and transportation sectors of the U.S. economy unfolds, electric power utilities need to understand the potential benefits and impacts. This report provides a historical perspective of hydrogen, discusses the process of electrolysis for hydrogen production (especially from solar and wind technologies), and describes the opportunities for electric power utilities.

Kroposki, B.; Levene, J.; Harrison, K.; Sen, P.K.; Novachek, F.

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Novel cost allocation framework for natural gas processes: methodology and application to plan economic optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas plants can have multiple owners for raw natural gas streams and processing facilities as well as for multiple products. Therefore, a proper cost allocation method is necessary for taxation of the profits from natural gas and crude oil as well as for cost sharing among gas producers. However, cost allocation methods most often used in accounting, such as the sales value method and the physical units method, may produce unacceptable or even illogical results when applied to natural gas processes. Wright and Hall (1998) proposed a new approach called the design benefit method (DBM), based upon engineering principles, and Wright et al. (2001) illustrated the potential of the DBM for reliable cost allocation for natural gas processes by applying it to a natural gas process. In the present research, a rigorous modeling technique for the DBM has been developed based upon a Taylor series approximation. Also, we have investigated a cost allocation framework that determines the virtual flows, models the equipment, and evaluates cost allocation for applying the design benefit method to other scenarios, particularly those found in the petroleum and gas industries. By implementing these individual procedures on a computer, the proposed framework easily can be developed as a software package, and its application can be extended to large-scale processes. To implement the proposed cost allocation framework, we have investigated an optimization methodology specifically geared toward economic optimization problems encountered in natural gas plants. Optimization framework can provide co-producers who share raw natural gas streams and processing plants not only with optimal operating conditions but also with valuable information that can help evaluate their contracts. This information can be a reasonable source for deciding new contracts for co-producers. For the optimization framework, we have developed a genetic-quadratic search algorithm (GQSA) consisting of a general genetic algorithm and a quadratic search that is a suitable technique for solving optimization problems including process flowsheet optimization. The GQSA inherits the advantages of both genetic algorithms and quadratic search techniques, and it can find the global optimum with high probability for discontinuous as well as non-convex optimization problems much faster than general genetic algorithms.

Jang, Won-Hyouk

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

CROWTM PROCESS APPLICATION FOR SITES CONTAMINATED WITH LIGHT NON-AQUEOUS PHASE LIQUIDS AND CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Western Research Institute (WRI) has successfully applied the CROWTM (Contained Recovery of Oily Wastes) process at two former manufactured gas plants (MGPs), and a large wood treatment site. The three CROW process applications have all occurred at sites contaminated with coal tars or fuel oil and pentachlorophenol (PCP) mixtures, which are generally denser than water and are classified as dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs). While these types of sites are abundant, there are also many sites contaminated with gasoline, diesel fuel, or fuel oil, which are lighter than water and lie on top of an aquifer. A third site type occurs where chlorinated hydrocarbons have contaminated the aquifer. Unlike the DNAPLs found at MGP and wood treatment sites, chlorinated hydrocarbons are approximately one and a half times more dense than water and have fairly low viscosities. These contaminants tend to accumulate very rapidly at the bottom of an aquifer. Trichloroethylene (TCE) and perchloroethylene, or tetrachloroethylene (PCE), are the major industrial chlorinated solvents that have been found contaminating soils and aquifers. The objective of this program was to demonstrate the effectiveness of applying the CROW process to sites contaminated with light non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs) and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Individual objectives were to determine a range of operating conditions necessary to optimize LNAPL and chlorinated hydrocarbon recovery, to conduct numerical simulations to match the laboratory experiments and determine field-scale recoveries, and determine if chemical addition will increase the process efficiency for LNAPLs. The testing consisted of twelve TCE tests; eight tests with PCE, diesel, and wood treatment waste; and four tests with a fuel oil-diesel blend. Testing was conducted with both vertical and horizontal orientations and with ambient to 211 F (99 C) water or steam. Residual saturations for the horizontal tests ranged from 23.6% PV to 0.3% PV. Also conducted was screening of 13 chemicals to determine their relative effectiveness and the selection of three chemicals for further testing.

L.A. Johnson, Jr.

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

395

Method for evaluating the potential of geothermal energy in industrial process heat applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method is presented for evaluating the technical and economic potential of geothermal energy for industrial process heat applications. The core of the method is a computer program which can be operated either as a design analysis tool to match energy supplies and demands, or as an economic analysis tool if a particular design for the facility has already been selected. Two examples are given to illustrate the functioning of the model and to demonstrate that results reached by use of the model closely parallel those that have been determined by more traditional techniques. Other features of interest in the model include: (1) use of decision analysis techniques as well as classical methods to deal with questions relating optimization; (2) a tax analysis of current regulations governing percentage depletion for geothermal deposits; and (3) development of simplified correlations for the thermodynamic properties of salt solutions in water.

Packer, M.B.; Mikic, B.B.; Meal, H.C., Guillamon-Duch, H.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Interfacial electron and phonon scattering processes in high-powered nanoscale applications.  

SciTech Connect

The overarching goal of this Truman LDRD project was to explore mechanisms of thermal transport at interfaces of nanomaterials, specifically linking the thermal conductivity and thermal boundary conductance to the structures and geometries of interfaces and boundaries. Deposition, fabrication, and post possessing procedures of nanocomposites and devices can give rise to interatomic mixing around interfaces of materials leading to stresses and imperfections that could affect heat transfer. An understanding of the physics of energy carrier scattering processes and their response to interfacial disorder will elucidate the potentials of applying these novel materials to next-generation high powered nanodevices and energy conversion applications. An additional goal of this project was to use the knowledge gained from linking interfacial structure to thermal transport in order to develop avenues to control, or 'tune' the thermal transport in nanosystems.

Hopkins, Patrick E.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Predicted nuclear heating and temperatures in gas-cooled nuclear reactors for process heat applications  

SciTech Connect

The high-temperature gas-cooled nuclear reactor (HTGR) is an attractive potential source of primary energy for many industrial and chemical process applications. Significant modification of current HTGR core design will be required to achieve the required elevations in exit gas temperatures without exceeding the maximum allowable temperature limits for the fuel material. A preliminary evaluation of the effects of various proposed design modifications by predicting the resulting fuel and gas temperatures with computer calculational modeling techniques is reported. The design modifications evaluated are generally those proposed by the General Atomic Company (GAC), a manufacturer of HTGRs, and some developed at the LASL. The GAC modifications do result in predicted fuel and exit gas temperatures which meet the proposed design objectives. (auth)

Cort, G.E.; Vigil, J.C.; Jiacoletti, R.J.

1975-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Electric Utility Measurement & Verification Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BC Hydro is an electric utility with a service area covering over 95% of the province of British Columbia in Canada. Power Smart is BC Hydros demand-side-management (DSM) division. Power Smart develops, operates and manages various DSM programs for residential, commercial and industrial customers. The Measurement and Verification (M&V) of applicable Power Smart Industrial projects is the process of verifying the results of the implementation of energy conservation measures (ECMs) at industrial customer facilities. Power Smart M&V activities are based on the International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol (IPMVP); a consensus document produced with the international support of industry and government. This paper discusses BC Hydros M&V program and the M&V results from industrial projects. Several case history studies will also be reviewed. The case studies reviewed involve aeration motor speed controls upgrade, steam turbine controls upgrade and natural gas liquid pump speed controls upgrade.

Lau, K.; Henderson, G.; Hebert, D.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A survey of geothermal process heat applications in Guatemala: An engineering survey  

SciTech Connect

This study investigates how process heat from Guatemala's geothermal energy resources can be developed to reduce Guatemala's costly importation of oil, create new employment by encouraging new industry, and reduce fuel costs for existing industry. This investigation was funded by the US Agency for International Development and carried out jointly by the Guatemalan Government and the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two sites, Amatitlan and Zunil, are being developed geothermally. Amatitlan is in the better industrial area but Zunil's geothermal development is more advanced. The industry around Zunil is almost exclusively agricultural and the development of an agricultural processing plant (freezing, dehydration, and cold storage) using geothermal heat is recommended. Similar developments throughout the volcanic zones of Guatemala are possible. Later, when the field at Amatitlan has been further developed, an industrial park can be planned. Potential Amatitlan applications are the final stage of salt refining, a thermal power plant, hospital/hotel heating and cooling, steam curing of concrete blocks, production of alcohol from sugar cane, and production of polyethylene from ethanol. Other special developments such as water pumping for the city of Guatemala and the use of moderate-temperature geothermal fluids for localized power production are also possible. 12 refs., 13 figs., 14 tabs.

Altseimer, J.H.; Edeskuty, F.J.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Quantum Annealing for Dirichlet Process Mixture Models with Applications to Network Clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We developed a new quantum annealing (QA) algorithm for Dirichlet process mixture (DPM) models based on the Chinese restaurant process (CRP). QA is a parallelized extension of simulated annealing (SA), i.e., it is a parallel stochastic optimization technique. Existing approaches [Kurihara et al. UAI2009, Sato et al. UAI2009] and cannot be applied to the CRP because their QA framework is formulated using a fixed number of mixture components. The proposed QA algorithm can handle an unfixed number of classes in mixture models. We applied QA to a DPM model for clustering vertices in a network where a CRP seating arrangement indicates a network partition. A multi core processor was used for running QA in experiments, the results of which show that QA is better than SA, Markov chain Monte Carlo inference, and beam search at finding a maximum a posteriori estimation of a seating arrangement in the CRP. Since our QA algorithm is as easy as to implement the SA algorithm, it is suitable for a wide range of applications.

Issei Sato; Shu Tanaka; Kenichi Kurihara; Seiji Miyashita; Hiroshi Nakagawa

2013-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Application of solar energy to industrial drying or dehydration processes. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The application of a solar energy system to the Lawrence, Kansas alfalfa dehydration plant, owned by the Western Alfalfa Corporation, is an attractive opportunity to demonstrate the feasibility of using solar energy to supply industrial process heat. The work undertaken for this project is reviewed. The design parameters of the dehydrator, including the energy consumed by the plant, the airflow requirements of the dehydrator, and the interface between the dehydrator and the solar array are discussed. The design of the collector array, the selection of solar collectors, the calculation of collector areas for the array, and the simulations of the system performance are addressed. Discussions of the detailed engineering drawings and specifications of the array construction, duct work, air handling equipment, system controls, and data monitoring, and acquisition systems are presented. The results of the contractors' bids based on these drawings and specifications are given. An economic analysis of the solar system using the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory format is presented. Finally, the impact of the solar system on the process energy requirements and on the operation of the plant are discussed. (WHK)

Not Available

1977-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

402

A survey of geothermal process heat applications in Guatemala: An engineering survey  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study investigates how process heat from Guatemala's geothermal energy resources can be developed to reduce Guatemala's costly importation of oil, create new employment by encouraging new industry, and reduce fuel costs for existing industry. This investigation was funded by the US Agency for International Development and carried out jointly by the Guatemalan Government and the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Two sites, Amatitlan and Zunil, are being developed geothermally. Amatitlan is in the better industrial area but Zunil's geothermal development is more advanced. The industry around Zunil is almost exclusively agricultural and the development of an agricultural processing plant (freezing, dehydration, and cold storage) using geothermal heat is recommended. Similar developments throughout the volcanic zones of Guatemala are possible. Later, when the field at Amatitlan has been further developed, an industrial park can be planned. Potential Amatitlan applications are the final stage of salt refining, a thermal power plant, hospital/hotel heating and cooling, steam curing of concrete blocks, production of alcohol from sugar cane, and production of polyethylene from ethanol. Other special developments such as water pumping for the city of Guatemala and the use of moderate-temperature geothermal fluids for localized power production are also possible. 12 refs., 13 figs., 14 tabs.

Altseimer, J.H.; Edeskuty, F.J.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Application of the EPRI DFDX Chemical Decontamination Process: Equipment for Application on Nuclear Systems and Components for Dispo sal or Refurbishment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the work to date on development of the EPRI DFDX (Decontamination For Decommissioning, electrochemical ion eXchange) process for the chemical decontamination of retired reactor coolant systems and components. The project team has constructed a pilot plant, conforming to exacting nuclear industry standards, to demonstrate the process at a number of sites. The report considers potential application on steam generators, and discusses the role of the technology in the controlled reuse o...

2003-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

404

Benefits of rapid solidification processing of modified LaNi{sub 5} alloys by high pressure gas atomization for battery applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A high pressure gas atomization approach to rapid solidification has been employed to investigate simplified processing of Sn modified LaNi{sub 5} powders that can be used for advanced Ni/metal hydride (Ni/MH) batteries. The current industrial practice involves casting large ingots followed by annealing and grinding and utilizes a complex and costly alloy design. This investigation is an attempt to produce powders for battery cathode fabrication that can be used in an as-atomized condition without annealing or grinding. Both Ar and He atomization gas were tried to investigate rapid solidification effects. Sn alloy additions were tested to promote subambient pressure absorption/desorption of hydrogen at ambient temperature. The resulting fine, spherical powders were subject to microstructural analysis, hydrogen gas cycling, and annealing experiments to evaluate suitability for Ni/MH battery applications. The results demonstrate that a brief anneal is required to homogenize the as-solidified microstructure of both Ar and He atomized powders and to achieve a suitable hydrogen absorption behavior. The Sn addition also appears to suppress cracking during hydrogen gas phase cycling in particles smaller than about 25 {micro}m. These results suggest that direct powder processing of a LaNi{sub 5{minus}x}Sn{sub x} alloy has potential application in rechargeable Ni/MH batteries.

Anderson, I.E.; Pecharsky, V.K.; Ting, J. [Ames Lab., IA (United States); Witham, C.; Bowman, R.C. [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

405

Advanced natural gas-fired turbine system utilizing thermochemical recuperation and/or partial oxidation for electricity generation, greenfield and repowering applications  

SciTech Connect

The performance, economics and technical feasibility of heavy duty combustion turbine power systems incorporating two advanced power generation schemes have been estimated to assess the potential merits of these advanced technologies. The advanced technologies considered were: Thermochemical Recuperation (TCR), and Partial Oxidation (PO). The performance and economics of these advanced cycles are compared to conventional combustion turbine Simple-Cycles and Combined-Cycles. The objectives of the Westinghouse evaluation were to: (1) simulate TCR and PO power plant cycles, (2) evaluate TCR and PO cycle options and assess their performance potential and cost potential compared to conventional technologies, (3) identify the required modifications to the combustion turbine and the conventional power cycle components to utilize the TCR and PO technologies, (4) assess the technical feasibility of the TCR and PO cycles, (5) identify what development activities are required to bring the TCR and PO technologies to commercial readiness. Both advanced technologies involve the preprocessing of the turbine fuel to generate a low-thermal-value fuel gas, and neither technology requires advances in basic turbine technologies (e.g., combustion, airfoil materials, airfoil cooling). In TCR, the turbine fuel is reformed to a hydrogen-rich fuel gas by catalytic contact with steam, or with flue gas (steam and carbon dioxide), and the turbine exhaust gas provides the indirect energy required to conduct the endothermic reforming reactions. This reforming process improves the recuperative energy recovery of the cycle, and the delivery of the low-thermal-value fuel gas to the combustors potentially reduces the NO{sub x} emission and increases the combustor stability.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

PROCESSING OF LaCrO{sub 3} SOLID OXIDE FUELL CELL APPLICATIONS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this portion of the research the authors are focusing on the microstructure {leftrightarrow} property relations in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC's) to better understand the mechanisms involved in cell performance. The overall aim is to fabricate SOFC's with controlled microstructures utilizing La{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (LSM), yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ), and Ni-YSZ composites as the cathode, electrolyte, and anode, respectively. Ideally, the electrode materials would be tailored for an increased reaction rate (grain size {le} 1 {micro}m), be stable with time (> 10,000 h), have a thermal expansion match to YSZ ({alpha} {approx} 11 x 10{sup -6}/C), show limited chemical interaction with the electrolyte, and show no degradation in electrical performance. This paper describes anodic studies, including starting powder characteristics, electrical conductivity and overpotential measurements, and resultant microstructures as a function of processing conditions (i.e. powder calcination temperature, and annealing temperature) and composition. During the last year several important discoveries have been made regarding the influence of composition and microstructure of anodes on the performance of the SOFCs. These results can be summarized as follows: (1) YSZ anodes prepared with lower Ni volume fractions (40 and 45%) resulted in lower overpotentials and improved stability. (2) Higher sintering temperatures effectively lowered the overpotential and increased the in-plane conductivity. Due to constrained sintering between the anode and the YSZ electrolyte, higher sintering temperatures allowed more densification in the z-direction, resulting in a rigid YSZ structure to support Ni particles. (3) By decreasing the densification between Ni grains, there are more paths for conduction (more Ni-Ni contacts throughout the structure and higher conductivities) and a larger number of Ni-YSZ contacts (lower overpotentials). (4) The 45 vol% Ni composition co-fired with the electrolyte had the lowest initial overpotential of any cermet with a similar composition.

Wayne Huebner, Harlan U. Anderson

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

"List of Covered Electric Utilities" under the Public Utility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 8 "List of Covered Electric Utilities" under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) - 2008 Under Title I of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is required to publish a list identifying each electric utility. "List of Covered Electric Utilities" under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) More Documents & Publications Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) - List of Covered Electric Utilities. Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) -List of Covered Electric Utilities - 2006 "List of Covered Electric Utilities" under the Public Utility

408

Wind energy systems application to regional utilities. [SERIES code; WINDS code; PHASES code; AVERAGE code; NETLOAD code; GENSYS code; PROCOST code; CAP6 code; EVEN code  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A methodology for analyzing the economic impact of WECS on a utility is described in Volume I of this report. The methodology requires extrapolating both historical utility load data and historical wind power into a year of analysis; calculating the total amount of funds made available in that year, as a result of the inclusion of wind power in the utility mix; and then estimating the present value of the total funds made available to the utility over the life of the WECS. To apply the methodology to a specific case, it was necessary to develop various computer programs. The following sections in this report list the programs developed for this study, briefly summarize their contents, and explain how they are used. Wherever possible, a typical input/output file is shown.

Not Available

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

The process of resort second home development demand quantification : exploration of methodologies and case study application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prevalent methodologies utilized by resort second home development professionals to quantify demand for future projects are identified and critiqued. The strengths of each model are synthesized in order to formulate an ...

Wholey, Christopher J. (Christoper John)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Procession  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UEE 2008 Ziermann, Martin 2004 Macht und Architektur: ZweiP ROCESSION Martin Stadler EDITORS W ILLEKE W ENDRICHFull Citation: Stadler, Martin, 2008, Procession. In Jacco

Stadler, Martin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...are processed to complex final shapes by investment casting. Iron-nickel-base superalloys are not customarily investment cast. Investment casting permits intricate internal cooling

412

Industrial - Utility Cogeneration Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cogeneration may be described as an efficient method for the production of electric power in conjunction with process steam or heat which optimizes the energy supplied as fuel to maximize the energy produced for consumption. In a conventional electric utility power plant, considerable energy is wasted in the form of heat rejection to the atmosphere thru cooling towers, ponds or lakes, or to rivers. In a cogeneration system heat rejection can be minimized by systems which apply the otherwise wasted energy to process systems requiring energy in the form of steam or heat. Texas has a base load of some 75 million pounds per hour of process steam usage, of which a considerable portion could be generated through cogeneration methods. The objective of this paper is to describe the various aspects of cogeneration in a manner which will illustrate the energy saving potential available utilizing proven technology. This paper illustrates the technical and economical benefits of cogeneration in addition to demonstrating the fuel savings per unit of energy required. Specific examples show the feasibility and desirability of cogeneration systems for utility and industrial cases. Consideration of utility-industrial systems as well as industrial-industrial systems will be described in technical arrangement as well as including a discussion of financial approaches and ownership arrangements available to the parties involved. There is a considerable impetus developing for the utilization of coal as the energy source for the production of steam and electricity. In many cases, because of economics and site problems, the central cogeneration facility will be the best alternative for many users.

Harkins, H. L.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Avista Utilities (Electric) - Commercial Lighting Energy Efficiency...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Applicable Sector Commercial Eligible Technologies Lighting, Lighting ControlsSensors, LED Lighting Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector Utility Energy Category Energy...

414

NETL: Coal & Coal Biomass to Liquids - Utilization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

choice for utilization of hydrogen in both of these applications. However, fuel cell technology has to overcome significant technical and economic barriers in order to...

415

Fabrication and testing of nano-optical structures for advanced photonics and quantum information processing applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interest in the fabrication of nano-optical structures has increased dramatically in recent years, due to advances in lithographic resolution. In particular, metallic nanostructures are of interest because of their ability to concentrate light to well below the diffraction limit. Such structures have many potential applications, including nanoscale photonics, quantum information processing and single molecule detection/imaging. In the case of quantum computing and quantum communication, plasmon-based metal nanostructures offer the promise of scalable devices. This is because the small optical mode volumes of such structures give the large atom-photon coupling needed to interface solid-state quantum bits (qubits) to photons. The main focus of this dissertation is on fabrication and testing of surface plasmon-based metal nanostructures that can be used as optical wires for effciently collecting and directing an isolated atom or molecule's emission. In this work, Ag waveguides having 100nm50nm and 50nm50nm cross sections have been fabricated ranging from 5m to 16m in length. Different types of coupling structures have also been fabricated to allow in-coupling and out-coupling of free space light into and out of the nanometric waveguides. The design of waveguides and couplers have been accomplished using a commercial finite difference in time domain (FDTD) software. Different nanofabrication techniques and methods have been investigated leading to robust and reliable process conditions suitable for very high aspect ratio fabrication of metal structures. Detailed testing and characterization of the plasmon based metal waveguides and couplers have also been carried out. Test results have revealed effective surface plasmon propagation range. 0.5dB/m and 0.07dB/m transmission losses have been found for 100nm and 50nm wide waveguides respectively, which correspond to 1/e propagation lengths of 9m and 60m. Input coupling effciency was found to be 2% and output coupling effciency was found to be 35%. The fabrication and testing results presented provide critical demonstrations to establish the feasibility of nanophotonic integrated circuits, scalable quantum information processing devices, as well as other devices, such as single molecule detectors and imaging systems.

Khan, Mughees Mahmood

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Acquiring logistics process intelligence: Methodology and an application for a Chinese bulk port  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The processes of logistics service providers are considered as highly human-centric, flexible and complex. Deviations from the standard operating procedures as described in the designed process models, are not uncommon and may result in significant uncertainties. ... Keywords: Knowledge discovery, Logistics process, Logistics process intelligence, Process mining

Ying Wang, Filip Caron, Jan Vanthienen, Lei Huang, Yi Guo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Experience in the Testing and Application of the EPRI DfD Process: Decontamination for Decommissioning of Reactor Coolant Systems and Plant Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a vendor's perspective on the application of the EPRI DfD (Decontamination for Decommissioning) process. It includes a summary of in-house testing and initial field applications of the process, focusing on lessons learned and the application methodology.

1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

418

Application of Graphics Processing Units to Search Pipeline for Gravitational Waves from Coalescing Binaries of Compact Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report a novel application of graphics processing units (GPUs) for the purpose of accelerating the search pipelines for gravitational waves from coalescing binaries of compact objects. A speed-up of 16 fold has been achieved compared with a single central processing unit (CPU). We show that substantial improvements are possible and discuss the reduction in CPU count required for the detection of inspiral sources afforded by the use of GPUs.

Shin Kee Chung; Linqing Wen; David Blair; Kipp Cannon; Amitava Datta

2009-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

419

"List of Covered Electric Utilities" under the Public Utility  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 Revised 6 Revised "List of Covered Electric Utilities" under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) - 2006 Revised Under Title I of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is required to publish a list identifying each electric utility. "List of Covered Electric Utilities" under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) More Documents & Publications "List of Covered Electric Utilities" under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) - 2008 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT 2005) - List of Covered Electric Utilities. Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) as Applicable to the

420

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feasibility analysis of RTI Warm Gas Cleanup (WGCU)Triangle Institute (RTI) warm gas cleanup technology isand process simulation. The RTI process is in the leading

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Pending Long-Term Applications to Export LNG to Non-FTA Countries - Listed in Order DOE Will Commence Processing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Long-Term Applications to Export LNG to Non-FTA Countries - Listed in Order DOE Will Commence Processing Long-Term Applications to Export LNG to Non-FTA Countries - Listed in Order DOE Will Commence Processing Order to Be Processed Company DOE/FE Docket No. Date DOE Application Filed FERC Pre-Filing Docket No. Date Applicant Received FERC Approval to Begin Pre-Filing Process 1 Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC 10-161-LNG 12/17/2010 PF11-2 1/5/2011 2 Lake Charles Exports, LLC 11-59-LNG 5/6/2011 PF12-8 4/6/2012 3 Dominion Cove Point LNG, LP 11-128-LNG 10/3/2011 PF12-16 6/26/2012 4 Freeport LNG Expansion, L.P. and FLNG Liquefaction, LLC 11-161-LNG 12/19/2011 PF11-2 1/5/2011 5 Cameron LNG, LLC 11-162-LNG 12/21/2011 PF12-13 5/9/2012 6 Jordan Cove Energy Project, L.P. 12-32-LNG 3/23/2012 PF12-7 3/6/2012 7 LNG Development Company, LLC (d/b/a Oregon LNG) 12-77-LNG 7/16/2012 PF12-18

422

On the electrical properties of slotted metallic planes in CMOS processes for RF and millimeter-wave applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the effects of slotted metallic planes in passive structures built using CMOS processes for RF and millimeter-wave (mmW) applications. The impact of holes on the reference plane resistance and in the capacitance of any ... Keywords: CMOS manufacturing, Electromagnetic analysis, Interconnections, Metal density rules, Transmission lines, mmW integrated circuits

Jos Luis GonzLez; Baudouin Martineau; Didier Belot

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Application of fundamental kinetic modeling to industrial chlorination and partial oxidation processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Fundamental Kinetic Modeling (FKM) method is able to use a growing amount of elementary kinetic rate constant data to simulate industrial reactions and therefore gain insight and predictive capabilities beyond those of traditional empirical kinetic models. Because traditional empirical kinetic models often simplify the underlying kinetics into a single overall reaction, these recently determined values cannot be used directly. In addition to simulating irreducible chemical events as opposed to an overall reaction, the FKM does not make assumptions about microscopic reversibility. To obtain the reverse rate constants, the thermophysical properties for the species are required. Advances in computing technology have made ab initio quantum chemical calculations feasible for oxygenated and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Thermophysical properties for species that cannot be obtained experimentally are now available with greater accuracy than using prior estimating techniques. The FKM method is able to use these values to obtain information about temperature and concentration profiles as well as product distributions and selectivities for a variety of reactor configurations. The application of the FKM method to industrial reactions could be used to optimize existing operating conditions or to predict novel processes. One such chemistry is the oxychlorination of ethane to vinyl chloride. The problem is most easily solved in three steps: the development of a thermal chlorination model, the development of a partial oxidation model, and the combination of the two models with the necessary additional species and reactions. This work focuses on the first two steps. A thermal chlorination model is verified against two sources of experimental data with good quantitative agreement. In addition, differences in product distributions are explained by examining the kinetic pathways. Also, an existing partial oxidation model is combined with newly calculated thermophysical properties. The agreement with two experimental data sources is not as good quantitatively; however, qualitative agreement is observed. Areas for improvement to obtain quantitative agreement are determined.

Han, Joseph Hsiao-Tien

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications - Kris Rangan, Materials Modification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications Dr. Kausik Mukhopadhyay & Dr. Krishnaswamy K. Rangan Materials Modification, Inc. 2809-K Merrilee Drive, Fairfax. VA 22031 ABSTRACT  Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC) is a promising electrolyte solvent for lithium battery applications due to its inherent safety and robustness. Despite the enormous promise of its industrial use, this chemical is currently entirely imported from China. The global battery market is about US$ 50 billion, of which approximately $ 5.5 billion is captured by the rechargeable batteries for use in electric vehicles, laptops, consumer electronics, rechargeable batteries etc.  Indigenous manufacture of DMC will enormously benefit not only the American lithium battery industry

425

BaF2for microlithography applications: Modeling, simulation and optimization of the crystal growth process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimization is the ultimate goal of numerical modeling of crystal growth processes. We present the most important physical phenomena to establish a numerical process model for an industrial vertical gradient freeze (VGF) process of barium fluoride (BaF"2). ... Keywords: 44.05.+e, 81.10.Fq, Heat and mass transfer, Heat radiation, Process optimization

Rainer Backofen; Angel Ribalta; Axel Voigt; Dirk Wulff-Molder

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Technical and economic assessment of processes for the production of butanol and acetone. Phase two: analysis of research advances. Energy Conversion and Utilization Technologies Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The initial objective of this work was to develop a methodology for analyzing the impact of technological advances as a tool to help establish priorities for R and D options in the field of biocatalysis. As an example of a biocatalyzed process, butanol/acetone fermentation (ABE process) was selected as the specific topic of study. A base case model characterizing the technology and economics associated with the ABE process was developed in the previous first phase of study. The project objectives were broadened in this second phase of work to provide parametric estimates of the economic and energy impacts of a variety of research advances in the hydrolysis, fermentation and purification sections of the process. The research advances analyzed in this study were based on a comprehensive literature review. The six process options analyzed were: continuous ABE fermentaton; vacuum ABE fermentation; Baelene solvent extraction; HRI's Lignol process; improved prehydrolysis/dual enzyme hydrolysis; and improved microorganism tolerance to butanol toxicity. Of the six options analyzed, only improved microorganism tolerance to butanol toxicity had a significant positive effect on energy efficiency and economics. This particular process option reduced the base case production cost (including 10% DCF return) by 20% and energy consumption by 16%. Figures and tables.

None

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol Process Design and Economics Utilizing Co-Current Dilute Acid Prehydrolysis and Enzymatic Hydrolysis Current and Futuristic Scenarios  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has undertaken a complete review and update of the process design and economic model for the biomass-to-ethanol enzymatic based process. The process design includes the core technologies being researched by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE): prehydrolysis, simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation, and cellulase enzyme production. In addition, all ancillary areasfeed handling, product recovery and purification, wastewater treatment lignin burner and boiler-turbogenerator, and utilitiesare included. NREL engaged Delta-T Corporation to assist in the process design evaluation, equipment costing, and overall plant integration. The process design and costing for the lignin burner and boiler turbogenerator has been reviewed by Reaction Engineering Inc. and the wastewater treatment by Merrick Company. An overview of both reviews is included here. The purpose of this update was to ensure that the process design and equipment costs were reasonable and consistent with good engineering practice for plants of this type using available technical data. This work has resulted in an economic model that can be used to predict the cost of producing ethanol from cellulosic biomass using this technology if a plant were to be built in the next few years. The model was also extended using technology improvements that are expected to be developed based on the current DOE research plan. Future process designs and cost estimates are given for the years 2005, 2010, and 2015.

Galvez, A.; Ibsen, K.; Majdeski, H.; Ruth, M.; Sheehan, J.; Wooley, R.

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

428

Microwave Effects on Liquid and Solid State Material Processing: Energy Delivery and Utilization Division Chemicals, Petroleum and N atural Gas Target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of microwave energy is emerging as a major breakthrough in material processing, providing a change in the basic mechanism for heating ceramics. Because heat is generated within the material itself, many important technical glasses and ceramics can be heated rapidly and uniformly. This internal heating mechanism is responsible for improved microstructures and mechanical properties in these materials. The research described in this report has led to development of new microwave processing and chara...

2000-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

429

Analysis of mass transfer processes in geothermal power cycles utilizing direct contact heat exchange. Report of work, September 21, 1978 to September 30, 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A computer program was developed which calculates the isobutane content of the spent brine and the liquid-vapor distribution of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide throughout the components of a geothermal power plant using direct contact heat exchange. The program model assumes separate boiler and preheater vessels, with the preheater being a spray tower. The condenser model is a horizontal tube surface condenser with condensation on the outside. The program was written in Fortran language. The Fortran source deck consists of 976 cards. The program utilizes 320K for compilation and 72K for execution on an IBM 370/3031. Sample cases were run which illustrate the effects of salt concentration in the brine and isobutane-to-brine ratio on isobutane and noncondensible gas content of the spent brine.

Knight, J.J.; Perona, J.J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

NET PRED UTILITY  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002602IBMPC00 Normalized Elution Time Prediction Utility http://omics.pnl.gov/software/NETPredictionUtility.php

431

Parameter Estimation for Marked Point Processes. Application to Object Extraction from Remote Sensing Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This communication addresses the problem of estimating the parameters of a family of marked point processes. These processes are of interest in extraction of object networks from remote sensing images. They are defined from a combination of several energy ...

Florent Chatelain; Xavier Descombes; Josiane Zerubia

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Proceedings of the alcohol fuel production and utilization conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conference was held to provide farmers, businesses, industries, and specialty groups with the best available information on current and projected activities related to the production and utilization of biomass for alcohol fuels. All aspects of the alcohol fuel production and utilization process were discussed. From biomass sources, through conversion processes to end-use products and applications were topics discussed by numerous experts. Other experts took this basic information and put it together into total systems. Speakers presented overviews on alcohol fuel related activities on state, regional, and national levels. Finally, commercialization incentives, funding sources, environmental considerations, research developments, safety considerations, and regulatory requirements were discussed as factors which must be addressed when considering the production and utilization of alcohol fuels. Separate abstracts have been prepared for items within the scope of the Energy Data Base.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Tree Growth Regulators for Management of Trees in Electric Utility Rights-of-Way: A Literature and Current Application Status Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical growth regulators -- initially developed for horticultural and field crops -- provide a promising, cost-effective tool for management of trees under electric transmission and distribution lines in utility rights-of-way (ROWs). Paclobutrazol (commercial product Profile 2SC) and flurprimidol (commercial product Cutless tree implants) are potent tree growth regulators for a broad range of herbaceous and woody gymnosperm and angiosperm species. This review summarizes the published literatu...

2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

434

DEMEC Member Utilities - Green Energy Program Incentives (8 utilities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Member Utilities - Green Energy Program Incentives (8 utilities) DEMEC Member Utilities - Green Energy Program Incentives (8 utilities) Eligibility Agricultural Commercial...

435

Gas atomization processing of tin and silicon modified LaNi{sub 5} for nickel-metal hydride battery applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Numerous researchers have studied the relevant material properties of so-called AB{sub 5} alloys for battery applications. These studies involved LaNi{sub 5} substituted alloys which were prepared using conventional cast and crush alloying techniques. While valuable to the understanding of metal hydride effects, the previous work nearly ignored the potential for alternative direct powder production methods, like high pressure gas atomization (HPGA). Thus, there is a need to understand the relationship between gas atomization processes, powder particle solidification phases, and hydrogen absorption properties of ultra fine (< 25 {micro}m) atomized powders with high surface area for enhanced battery performance. Concurrently, development of a gas atomization nozzle that is more efficient than all current designs is needed to increase the yield of ultrafine AB{sub 5} alloy powder for further processing advantage. Gas atomization processing of the AB{sub 5} alloys was demonstrated to be effective in producing ultrafine spherical powders that were resilient to hydrogen cycling for the benefit of improving corrosion resistance in battery application. These ultrafine powders benefited from the rapid solidification process by having refined solute segregation in the microstructure of the gas atomized powders which enabled a rapid anneal treatment of the powders. The author has demonstrated the ability to produce high yields of ultrafine powder efficiently and cost effectively, using the new HPGA-III technology. Thus, the potential benefits of processing AB{sub 5} alloys using the new HPGA technology could reduce manufacturing cost of nickel-metal hydride powder. In the near future, the manufacture of AB{sub 5} alloy powders could become a continuous and rapid production process. The economic benefit of an improved AB{sub 5} production process may thereby encourage the use of nickel-metal hydride rechargeable batteries in electrical vehicle applications in the foreseeable future.

Ting, J.

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

436

Utilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utilities Utilities Jump to: navigation, search Utilities Electric Utility Rates The Utilities Gateway houses OpenEI's free, community-editable utility rate repository. OpenEI users may browse, edit and add new electric utility rates to OpenEI's repository. EIA provides the authoritative list of utility companies in the United States, and thus OpenEI limits utility rates to companies listed by EIA. 43,031 rates have been contributed for 3,832 EIA-recognized utility companies. Browse rates by zip code Browse rates by utility name Create or edit a rate Number of Utility Companies by State Click on a state to view summaries for that state. See a list of all U.S. utility companies and aliases Utility Rate Database Description The Utility Rate Database (URDB) is a free storehouse of rate structure

437

Quantifying EOS Aqua and NOAA POES AMSU-A Brightness Temperature Biases for Weather and Climate Applications Utilizing the SNO Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systematic biases between brightness temperature (Tb) measurements made from concurrently operational Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) instruments can introduce errors into weather and climate applications. For this reason, in this ...

Robert A. Iacovazzi Jr.; Changyong Cao

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

An Application of Linear Programming to Polarimetric Radar Differential Phase Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differential phase and its range derivative KDP are of interest to several hydrological applications from weather radar systems. Despite the attractive qualities of polarimetric differential phase measurements, the usefulness of these radar ...

Scott E. Giangrande; Robert McGraw; Lei Lei

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

OPM/Web Object-Process Methodology for Developing Web Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web applications can be classified as hybrids between hypermedia and information systems. They have a relatively simple distributed architecture from the user viewpoint, but a complex dynamic architecture from the designer viewpoint. They need to respond ...

Iris Reinhartz-Berger; Dov Dori; Shmuel Katz

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

An Application of Linear Programming to Polarimetric Radar Differential Phase Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differential phase and its range derivative KDP are of interest to several hydrological applications from weather radar systems. Despite the attractive qualities of polarimetric differential phase measurements, the usefulness of these radar ...

Scott E. Giangrande; Robert McGraw; Lei Lei

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SL Remaining Value Actual Steam Plant DDB SL Remaining ValueDiesel: Specific Application of Steam Hydrogasification [gasification with CO 2 , H 2 and steam. Fuel. 1994; 73: 413

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Lean principle application in an automotive product development process with special emphasis on peer reviews  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Automotive, a large US based, global manufacturer of automobiles, has made significant gains in manufacturing competitiveness, in part through application of a lean manufacturing approach to high volume assembly. A ...

Boren, Michael S. (Michael Stuart)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

An Evaluation of Solar Valuation Methods Used in Utility Planning...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Evaluation of Solar Valuation Methods Used in Utility Planning and Procurement Processes Title An Evaluation of Solar Valuation Methods Used in Utility Planning and Procurement...

444

Gaussian Process Priors With Uncertain Inputs: Application to Multiple-Step Ahead Time Series Forecasting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Girard,A. Rasmussen,C.E. Quinonero-Candela,J. Murray-Smith,R. Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 15, Vancouver MIT Press

Girard, A.

445

Development and Application of Advanced Models for Steam Hydrogasification: Process Design and Economic Evaluation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is aimed at the process development, design, modeling and optimization of synthetic fuels, power and Substitute Natural Gas (SNG) production from coal and (more)

Lu, Xiaoming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Digital signal processing control of induction machine`s torque and stator flux utilizing the direct stator flux field orientation method  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a review of the Direct Stator Flux Field Orientation control method. This method can be used to control an induction motor`s torque and flux directly and is the application of interest for this thesis. This control method is implemented without the traditional feedback loops and associated hardware. Predictions are made, by mathematical calculations, of the stator voltage vector. The voltage vector is determined twice a switching period. The switching period is fixed throughout the analysis. The three phase inverter duty cycle necessary to control the torque and flux of the induction machine is determined by the voltage space vector Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) technique. Transient performance of either the flux or torque requires an alternate modulation scheme which is also addressed in this thesis. A block diagram of this closed loop system is provided. 22 figs., 7 tabs.

Seiz, J.B.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6   Typical applications of duplex stainless steels...salt evaporation equipment, desalination plants, geothermal

448

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Wear-, erosion-, and corrosion-resistance applications of CVD...against neutron radiation

449

Neurolinguistic approach to natural language processing with applications to medical text analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding written or spoken language presumably involves spreading neural activation in the brain. This process may be approximated by spreading activation in semantic networks, providing enhanced representations that involve concepts not found directly ... Keywords: Medical ontologies, Natural language processing, Semantic networks, Spreading activation networks, Vector models in NLP

W?odzis?aw Duch; Pawe? Matykiewicz; John Pestian

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Lattice Boltzmann model for free-surface flow and its application to filling process in casting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A generalized lattice Boltzmann model to simulate free-surface is constructed in both two and three dimensions. The proposed model satisfies the interfacial boundary conditions accurately. A distinctive feature of the model is that the collision processes ... Keywords: advection-schemes, filling processes, free-surface phenomena, injection molding;, interface boundary conditions, lattice Boltzmann models, upwind-schemes, volume of fluid method

Irina Ginzburg; Konrad Steiner

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Process for decontaminating radioactive liquids using a calcium cyanamide-containing composition. [Patent application  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides a process for decontaminating a radioactive liquid containing a radioactive element capable of forming a hydroxide. This process includes the steps of contacting the radioactive liquid with a decontaminating composition and separating the resulting radioactive sludge from the resulting liquid. The decontaminating composition contains calcium cyanamide.

Silver, G.L.

1980-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

452

Integration of High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors into Industrial Process Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a summary of analyses performed by the NGNP project to determine whether it is technically and economically feasible to integrate high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) technology into industrial processes. To avoid an overly optimistic environmental and economic baseline for comparing nuclear integrated and conventional processes, a conservative approach was used for the assumptions and calculations.

Lee Nelson

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Experimental application of process technology to the creation and adoption of online dispute resolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the development of formal models of alternative dispute resolution processes, the creation of an online dispute resolution system based on this model and initial experimental analysis of this system. Early results suggest that formalizing ... Keywords: mediation, online dispute resolution, process technology

Ethan Katsh; Leon J. Osterweil; Norman K. Sondheimer; Daniel Rainey

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A study on the reproducibility of HSS STI-CMP process for ULSI applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) as a global planarization in ULSI process technology is increasing rapidly. In particular, to achieve the higher density and greater performance, the shallow trench isolation (STI)-CMP process has been attracting ... Keywords: chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP), high selectivity slurry (HSS), reliability, reproducibility, shallow trench isolation (STI)

So-Young Jeong; Sang-Yong Kim; Yong-Jin Seo

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

THE INTEGRATION OF PROCESS HEAT APPLICATIONS TO HIGH TEMPERATURE GAS REACTORS  

SciTech Connect

A high temperature gas reactor, HTGR, can produce industrial process steam, high-temperature heat-transfer gases, and/or electricity. In conventional industrial processes, these products are generated by the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal and natural gas, resulting in significant emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. Heat or electricity produced in an HTGR could be used to supply process heat or electricity to conventional processes without generating any greenhouse gases. Process heat from a reactor needs to be transported by a gas to the industrial process. Two such gases were considered in this study: helium and steam. For this analysis, it was assumed that steam was delivered at 17 MPa and 540 C and helium was delivered at 7 MPa and at a variety of temperatures. The temperature of the gas returning from the industrial process and going to the HTGR must be within certain temperature ranges to maintain the correct reactor inlet temperature for a particular reactor outlet temperature. The returning gas may be below the reactor inlet temperature, ROT, but not above. The optimal return temperature produces the maximum process heat gas flow rate. For steam, the delivered pressure sets an optimal reactor outlet temperature based on the condensation temperature of the steam. ROTs greater than 769.7 C produce no additional advantage for the production of steam.

Michael G. McKellar

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Designing BEE: a hardware emulation engine for signal processing in low-power wireless applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the design of a large-scale emulation engine and an application example from the field of low-power wireless devices. The primary goal of the emulator is to support design space exploration of real-time algorithms. The emulator is ... Keywords: FPGA, design flow, hardware emulation, low power, rapid prototyping

Kimmo Kuusilinna; Chen Chang; M. Josephine Ammer; Brian C. Richards; Robert W. Brodersen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

IEEE COMMUNICATIONS SURVEYS & TUTORIALS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION 1 A Review on Distributed Application Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

offload computational intensive applications to remote servers by employing different cloud models SURVEYS & TUTORIALS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION remote server nodes. Current offloading procedures employ Provider UMSC Universal Mobile Service Cell URL Uniform Resource Locator VM Virtual Machine Wi-Fi Wireless

Melbourne, University of

458

Development and application of chemical tools for investigating dynamic processes in cell migration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cell migration is a dynamic process essential for many fundamental physiological functions, including wound repair and the immune response. Migration relies on precisely orchestrated events that are regulated in a spatially ...

Goguen, Brenda Nicole

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

TiO2-based photocatalytic process for purification of polluted water: bridging fundamentals to applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a rapid accumulation of investigations on TiO2-based photocatalysis, which poses as a greatly promising advanced oxidation technology for water purification. As the ability of this advanced oxidation process is ...

Chuan Wang, Hong Liu, Yanzhen Qu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Characterization and application of vortex flow adsorption for simplification of biochemical product downstream processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One strategy to reduce costs in manufacturing a biochemical product is simplification of downstream processing. Biochemical product recovery often starts from fermentation broth or cell culture. In conventional downstream ...

Ma, Junfen, 1972-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "utilization application process" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Algorithms and inference for simultaneous-event multivariate point-process, with applications to neural data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formulation of multivariate point-process (MPP) models based on the Jacod likelihood does not allow for simultaneous occurrence of events at an arbitrarily small time resolution. In this thesis, we introduce two versatile ...

Ba, Demba Elimane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Methodology for technology evaluation under uncertainty and its application in advanced coal gasification processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology has attracted interest as a cleaner alternative to conventional coal-fired power generation processes. While a number of pilot projects have been launched to ...

Gong, Bo, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Unsupervised speech processing with applications to query-by-example spoken term detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is motivated by the challenge of searching and extracting useful information from speech data in a completely unsupervised setting. In many real world speech processing problems, obtaining annotated data is not ...

Zhang, Yaodong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Solar information process model  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The MITRE Solar Information Process Model (SIP) is a computerized model that simulates information processes in solar markets. As such, it represents a useful tool in the formulation of solar information outreach programs. For each market investigated, SIP model outputs include prioritized listings of the information needs of key decision makers and other strategically important market participants, and related information flow paths. This report provides macro-descriptions of the model and its logic together with a detailed illustrative example of its application. It also presents the findings and conclusions resulting from utilization of the model in the analysis of information processes in eight solar markets within the residential, commercial and agricultural sectors.

Hewett, R.; Spewak, P.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Synthetic process for preparation of high surface area electroactive compounds for battery applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for the preparation of electroactive cathode compounds useful in lithium-ion batteries, comprising exothermic mixing of low-cost precursors and calcination under appropriate conditions. The exothermic step may be a spontaneous flameless combustion reaction. The disclosed process can be used to prepare any lithium metal phospha