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1

CIP Degree Program USF Tampa USF Sarasota-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CIP Degree Program USF Tampa USF St Petersburg USF Sarasota- Manatee Lakeland (Teach-out) Comments, SARASOTA-MANATEE AND LAKELAND December 2013 #12;CIP Degree Program USF Tampa USF St Petersburg USF Sarasota.1801 Materials Science & Engineering MS #12;CIP Degree Program USF Tampa USF St Petersburg USF Sarasota- Manatee

Meyers, Steven D.

2

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-611  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is responsible for the costs associated with the alcohol and/or controlled substances testing and the USF system-designated to be a positive test and will result in termination. The USF system will make available to applicants and providePOLICY USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-611 Subject: Alcohol and Drug Testing Responsible

Meyers, Steven D.

3

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-611  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the costs associated with the alcohol and/or controlled substances testing and the USF System-designated to be a positive test and will result in termination. The USF System will make available to applicants and providePOLICY USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-611 Subject: Alcohol and Drug Testing Date of Origin

Meyers, Steven D.

4

USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 607www.patel.usf.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MA New Concentration Sustainable Energy 3/3/14 Updated courses 5/19/14 #12;USF fosters sustainable urban communities and environments through collaborative research, education Energy (SUSE) Sustainable Tourism (SUT) Water (WTR) #12;USF Graduate Catalog 20142015

Meyers, Steven D.

5

USF System Facts 2010/11 USF System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Margarita R. Cancio, M.D. W. Gene Engle Cesar R. Hernandez Brian D. Lamb Elizabeth Larkin Rhea F. Law Debbie Chancellor, USF St. Petersburg Arthur Guilford Regional Chancellor, USF Sarasota-Manatee Marshall Goodman

Meyers, Steven D.

6

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-615  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

history background check through validated national database sources, and a check of the National SexPOLICY USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-615 Subject: Criminal History Background Checks Date environment, the USF System requires that a criminal history background check be conducted on prospective

Meyers, Steven D.

7

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-027  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Officers and Employees; Compliance and Disclosure Date of Origin: 4-3-14 Date Last Amended: Date Last for Public Officers and Employees (FCOE). This Policy provides guidance for USF System employees regarding or industry compliance standards or recommendations (examples: USF Health, USF Purchasing). Any

Meyers, Steven D.

8

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 6-006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the potential for injury to people, hazards to health, and damage to property, an environmental healthPOLICY USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 6-006 Subject: Environmental Health and Safety Date System environmental health and safety programs are as follows: A. USF System President: 1. Provides

Meyers, Steven D.

9

USF -A COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCHUNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than 75 faculty Fulbright Scholars and 42 endowed chairs, USF has become a research powerhouse. Located System of Florida. The latter provides links to tens of thousands of computer data bases around the world as well as a vast computer link to hundreds of library data bases and interna- tional communications

Lajeunesse, Marc J.

10

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 10-036  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) code by the National Center for Educational StatisticsPOLICY USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 10-036 Subject: Authorization of New Degree Programs the responsibility and authority to approve for implementation, new degree programs at the bachelor's, master

Meyers, Steven D.

11

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 10-036  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) code by the National Center for Educational StatisticsPOLICY USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 10-036 Subject: Authorization of New Degree Programs Date the responsibility and authority to approve for implementation, new degree programs at the bachelor's, master

Meyers, Steven D.

12

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 6-018  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or gas-powered carts and/or similar utility type vehicles (carts) on all non-public roads of allPOLICY USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 6-018 Subject: Cart/Utility Vehicle Operation Date-29-13 _____________________________________________________________________________________________ I. INTRODUCTION ( Purpose and Intent) This policy outlines requirements for the use of electric

Meyers, Steven D.

13

Drilling continues upward momentum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses how the drilling recovery that began during the second half of 1989 is continuing into 1990. On top of this, the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait has caused disarray in oil markets, driving up oil prices, and disrupting access to oil supplies. Potentially, this upheaval could lead to an upward spike in worldwide drilling activity.

Moritis, G.

1990-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

14

Guidelines for USF System Regulation and Policy Development and USF Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Guidelines for USF System Regulation and Policy Development and USF Policy Development 1 on behalf of all members or USF may adopt Regulations. Policy Statements with broad application to guide are developed as Policies to assist with Institutional compliance, promote operational efficiencies and

Meyers, Steven D.

15

USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 680http://health.usf.edu/nocms/nursing/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

health care issues such as heart disease, Alzheimer's/dementia, and cancer. b. Through the CON RESTOREUSF Graduate Catalog 20142015 680http://health.usf.edu/nocms/nursing/ SECTION 20http://health.usf.edu/nocms/nursing/ Changes to Note The follow curricular changes for the College

Meyers, Steven D.

16

http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/ SECTION 21  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Management Conc. 12/17/12 Revise GRE for concentrations: Health Care Organizations and Management 702 http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/ SECTION 21 CCOOLLLLEEGGEE OOFF PPUUBBLLIICC HHEEAALLTTHH #12;USF Tampa Graduate Catalog 20132014 Section 21 College of Public Health

Meyers, Steven D.

17

USFS West Wide Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: USFS West Wide...

18

USF Physical Plant Recycling Program Updated November 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USF Physical Plant Recycling Program Updated November 2013 #12;Beginnings · Program initiated · Continuously expanding recycling efforts #12;Paper Recycling · Currently recycling mixed paper Office paper, newspaper, magazines, cardboard, paperbacks · PPD has distributed about 2,400 office-size recycling

Meyers, Steven D.

19

The College of Nursing will be conducting live, informational webinars regarding the V-CARE program. Webinars will be conducted by a USF pre-Nursing Advisor and a USF Nursing Advisor and include information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Webinars will be conducted by a USF pre-Nursing Advisor and a USF Nursing Advisor and include information-CARE Admission and pre-Nursing advisor by calling 813-974-3819, emailing KirstenManzi@health.usf.edu, or making

Meyers, Steven D.

20

$B_s \\to ?^+ ?^-$ and the upward-going muon flux from the WIMP annihilation in the sun or the earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the upward-going muon flux due to the WIMP annihilations in the cores of the sun and the earth, including the upper bound on the branching ratio for $B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ decay. We find that the constraint from $B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ is very strong in most parameter space, and exclude the supergravity parameter space regions where the expected upward-going muon fluxes are within the expected reach of AMANDA II.

Seungwon Baek; Yeong Gyun Kim; P. Ko

2005-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 Section 10 Degrees, Programs, and Concentrations Accelerated Degree Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 Section 10 Degrees, Programs, and Concentrations 83 Accelerated Degree Programs Accelerated Programs allow academically qualified students to complete timeline, graduating sooner than in traditional programs. Typically students will complete

Meyers, Steven D.

22

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHP plants can be used in the electricity market for upward regulation by bypassing the steam turbine. The technical design for this purpose must ensure that factors such as...

23

USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 Section 2 About USF Founded in 1956, the University of South Florida was the first independent state university conceived, planned and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, promote civic culture and the arts, and design and build sustainable communities through the generation accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools is home to USF Health, including the Colleges of Medicine, Nursing, Public Health and Pharmacy

Meyers, Steven D.

24

The University of South Florida System provides the foundation through which USF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-level expertise to Tampa Bay's technology and bio/life sciences entrepreneurs throughout the business life cycle;www.USFCONNECT.org Entrepreneurship BioTechnology Life-Sciences Resources Development Research SuccessThe University of South Florida System provides the foundation through which USF CONNECT is able

Meyers, Steven D.

25

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including upward shifts in the ver- tical velocities and distributions of cloud water and ice as the seaUpward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simu- lations of climate change with both

O'Gorman, Paul

26

Upward-facing Lithium Flash Evaporator for NSTX-U  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NSTX plasma performance has been significantly enhanced by lithium conditioning [1]. To date, the lower divertor and passive plates have been conditioned by downward facing lithium evaporators (LITER) as appropriate for lower null plasmas. The higher power operation expected from NSTX-U requires double null plasma operation in order to distribute the heat flux between the upper and lower divertors making it desirable to coat the upper divertor region with Li as well. An upward aiming LITER (U-LITER) is presently under development and will be inserted into NSTX-U using a horizontal probe drive located in a 6" upper midplane port. In the retracted position the evaporator will be loaded with up to 300 mg of Li granules utilizing one of the calibrated NSTX Li powder droppers[2]. The evaporator will then be inserted into the vessel in a location within the shadow of the RF limiters and will remain in the vessel during the discharge. About 10 seconds before a discharge, it will be rapidly heated and the lithium completely evaporated onto the upper divertor, thus avoiding the complication of a shutter that prevents evaporation during the shot when the diagnostic shutters are open. The minimal time interval between the evaporation and the start of the discharge will avoid the passivation of the lithium by residual gases and enable the study of the conditioning effects of un-passivated Li surfaces [3]. Two methods are being investigated to accomplish the rapid (few second) heating of the lithium. A resistive method relies on passing a large current through a Li filled crucible. A second method requires using a 3 kW e-beam gun to heat the Li. In this paper the evaporator systems will be described and the pros and cons of each heating method will be discussed.

Roquemore, A. L.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

27

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Indirect and direct observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Indirect and direct In this article we present electric field, magnetic field, and charged particle observations from the upward current region of the aurora focusing on the structure of electric fields at the boundary between

California at Berkeley, University of

28

USF College of Pharmacy Technical Standards All candidates must meet the health and technical standards requisite for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USF College of Pharmacy Technical Standards All candidates must meet the health and technical would mean that a candidate's judgment must be mediated by someone else's power of selection, pharmaceutical compounding, and/or physical assessment of the patient. 4. Intellectual - Conceptual, Integrative

Meyers, Steven D.

29

Film boiling of saturated liquid flowing upward through a heated tube : high vapor quality range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Film boiling of saturated liquid flowing upward through a uniformly heated tube has been studied for the case in which pure saturated liquid enters the tube and nearly saturated vapor is discharged. Since a previous study ...

Laverty, W. F.

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

E-Print Network 3.0 - air-water vertical upward Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: air-water vertical upward Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Colloid and Interface Science...

31

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many features of the general circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simulations of climate change with both general circulation models (GCMs) and cloud-system-resolving models. The importance ...

Singh, Martin Simran

32

Upward Gas-Liquid Flow in Concentric and Eccentric Annular Spaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UPWARD GAS-LIQUID FLOW IN CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC ANNULAR SPACES A Thesis by PEDRO CAVALCANTI DE SOUSA Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Copyright 2013 Pedro Cavalcanti de Sousa ii ABSTRACT A limited amount of work exists on upward gas-liquid flow in annular spaces. This is a common scenario in drilling operations, especially in underbalanced drilling, and in high-production wells...

Cavalcanti de Sousa, Pedro

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

33

UPWARD MOVEMENT OF PLUTONIUM TO SURFACE SEDIMENTS DURING AN 11-YEAR FIELD STUDY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An 11-y lysimeter study was established to monitor the movement of Pu through vadose zone sediments. Sediment Pu concentrations as a function of depth indicated that some Pu moved upward from the buried source material. Subsequent numerical modeling suggested that the upward movement was largely the result of invading grasses taking up the Pu and translocating it upward. The objective of this study was to determine if the Pu of surface sediments originated from atmosphere fallout or from the buried lysimeter source material (weapons-grade Pu), providing additional evidence that plants were involved in the upward migration of Pu. The {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu and {sup 242}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atomic fraction ratios of the lysimeter surface sediments, as determined by Thermal Ionization Mass Spectroscopy (TIMS), were 0.063 and 0.00045, respectively; consistent with the signatures of the weapons-grade Pu. Our numerical simulations indicate that because plants create a large water flux, small concentrations over multiple years may result in a measurable accumulation of Pu on the ground surface. These results may have implications on the conceptual model for calculating risk associated with long-term stewardship and monitored natural attenuation management of Pu contaminated subsurface and surface sediments.

Kaplan, D.; Beals, D.; Cadieux, J.; Halverson, J.

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

34

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Numerical solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Numerical solutions R. E Direct observations of the parallel electric field by the Fast Auroral Snapshot satellite and the Polar of the properties of the observed electric fields, electron distributions, and ion distributions. The solutions

California at Berkeley, University of

35

Physical mechanism and numerical simulation of the inception of the lightning upward leader  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The upward leader is a key physical process of the leader progression model of lightning shielding. The inception mechanism and criterion of the upward leader need further understanding and clarification. Based on leader discharge theory, this paper proposes the critical electric field intensity of the stable upward leader (CEFISUL) and characterizes it by the valve electric field intensity on the conductor surface, E{sub L}, which is the basis of a new inception criterion for the upward leader. Through numerical simulation under various physical conditions, we verified that E{sub L} is mainly related to the conductor radius, and data fitting yields the mathematical expression of E{sub L}. We further establish a computational model for lightning shielding performance of the transmission lines based on the proposed CEFISUL criterion, which reproduces the shielding failure rate of typical UHV transmission lines. The model-based calculation results agree well with the statistical data from on-site operations, which show the effectiveness and validity of the CEFISUL criterion.

Li Qingmin [Beijing Key Lab of High Voltage and EMC, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China) and State Key Lab of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Lu Xinchang; Shi Wei; Zhang Li; Zou Liang; Lou Jie [Shandong Provincial Key Lab of UHV Technology and Gas Discharge, School of Electrical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Pacific Northwest Region MAPS dataset retrospective analysis Project Title: USFS Region Six MAPS Dataset Re-analysis for the Development of Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pacific Northwest Region MAPS dataset ­ retrospective analysis Project Title: USFS Region Six MAPS Dataset Re-analysis for the Development of Management and Climate Change Support Tools for Landbird) demographic dataset may reveal how predicted patterns of climate-related forest fragmentation, pest outbreak

DeSante, David F.

37

Film boiling on the inside of vertical tubes with upward flow of the fluid at low qualities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow regimes, local heat transfer coefficients, and temperature distributions along the wall have been studied for film boiling inside a vertical tube with upward flow of a saturated liquid. The area of interest has been ...

Dougall, R. S.

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Study of liquid retention in fixed-bed reactors with upward flow of gas and liquid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A literature survey of the measurement techniques for the determination of liquid retention in cocurrent upward gas and liquid flow in fixed-bed reactors is presented. A number of these techniques were used in this work in columns of different diameters (Dc = 0.05 m, 0.10 m, and 0.15 m). Porous alumina particles of two different diameters (dp = 0.002 m and 0.0028 m) with both nonfoaming (water, cyclohexane, heptane, and propanol) and foaming liquids (kerosene, LCO, and diesel fuel) have been investigated. The gas used was either air or N[sub 2]. The methods investigated include volumetry, gravimetry, gammametry, and determination of residence-time distribution by tracer technique. A simple correlation for the prediction of total gas and liquid retention for bubble and pulsed flow is proposed and verified.

Yang, X.L.; Euzen, J.P. (Inst. Francais du Petrole, Vernaison (France)); Wild, G. (Lab. des Sciences du Genie Chimique, Nancy (France))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Similarity solutions and applications to turbulent upward flame spread on noncharring materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary achievement in this work has been the discovery that turbulent upward flame spread on noncharring materials (for pyrolysis lengths less than 1.8m) can be directly predicted by using measurable flammability parameters. These parameters are: a characteristic length scale which is proportional to a turbulent combustion and mixing related length scale parameter ({dot q}{double_prime}{sub net}({Delta}H{sub c}/{Delta}H{sub v})){sup 2}, a pyrolysis or ignition time {tau}{sub p}, and a parameter which determines the transient pyrolysis history of a non-charring material: {lambda} = L/c{Delta}T{sub p} = ratio of the latent heat to the sensible heat of the pyrolysis temperature of the material. In the length scale parameter, {dot q}{double_prime}{sub net} is the total net heat flux from the flames to the wall (i.e., total heat flux minus reradiation losses), {Delta}H{sub c} is the heat of combustion and {Delta}H{sub v} is an effective heat of gasification for the material. The pyrolysis or ignition time depends (for thermally thick conditions) on the material thermal inertia, the pyrolysis temperature, and the total heat flux from the flames to the wall, {dot q}{double_prime}{sub fw}. The present discovery was made possible by using both a numerical simulation, developed earlier, and exact similarity solutions, which are developed in this work. The predictions of the analysis have been validated by comparison with upward flame spread experiments on PMMA.

Delichatsios, M.A.; Delichatsios, M.; Chen, Y. [Factory Mutual Research Corporation, Norwood, MA (United States)] [Factory Mutual Research Corporation, Norwood, MA (United States); Hasemi, Y. [Ministry of Construction, Tsukuba (Japan). Building Research Inst.] [Ministry of Construction, Tsukuba (Japan). Building Research Inst.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: USF6.028  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

includes providing purchasing, contracting and budgetary review processes for Student Government of budgeted/allocated A&S funds must be in accordance with Section 1009.24 Florida Statutes. All SGA purchases to assure compliance. (f) The President's designee requires that SGA officers and appropriate University

Meyers, Steven D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: USF4.0101  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

indicating the student's relationship to the deceased. (Obituaries, birth and death certificates, etc.) 3

Meyers, Steven D.

42

Earth's extensive entropy bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The possibility of planetary mass black hole production by crossing entropy limits is addressed. Such a possibility is given by pointing out that two geophysical quantities have comparable values: first, Earth's total negative entropy flux integrated over geological time and, second, its extensive entropy bound, which follows as a tighter bound to the Bekenstein limit when entropy is an extensive function. The similarity between both numbers suggests that the formation of black holes from planets may be possible through a strong fluctuation toward thermodynamic equilibrium which results in gravothermal instability and final collapse. Briefly discussed are implications for the astronomical observation of low mass black holes and for Fermi's paradox.

A. M. Lisewski

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

43

Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays, Z-Shower and Neutrino Astronomy by Horizontal-Upward Tau Air-Showers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultra High Cosmic Rays (UHECR) Astronomy may be correlated to a primary parental Neutrino Astronomy: indeed any far BL Lac Jet or GRB, sources of UHECR, located at cosmic edges, may send its signal, overcoming the severe GZK cut-off, by help of UHE ZeV energetic neutrino primary. These UHE neutrino scattering on relic light ones (spread on wide Hot Local Groups Halos) maybe fine-tuned : E_(nu) =(M_Z)^2/m_(nu) = 4 10^(22) eV *((0.1eV)/m_(nu)), to combine at once the observed light neutrino masses and the UHECR spectra, leading to a relativistic Z-Shower in Hot Dark Halos (e few tens Mpc wide) whose final nuclear component traces the UHECR event on Earth. Therefore UHECR (with no longer volme GZK constrains) may point to far BL Lac sources. This Z-Burst (Z-Shower) model calls for large neutrino fluxes. Even if Nature do not follow the present Z-model, UHECR while being cut-off by Big Bang Radiation, must produce a minimal UHE neutrino flux, the GZK neutrino secondaries. For both reasons such UHE Neutrino Astronomy must be tested on Earth. Lowest High Energy Astronomy is searched by AMANDA, ANTARES underground deterctors by muons tracks. We suggest a complementary higher energy Neutrino Tau Astronomy inducing Horizontal and Upward Tau AirShowers. Possible early evidence of such a New Neutrino UPTAUs (Upward Tau Showers at PeVs energies) Astronomy may be in BATSE records of Upward Terrestrial Gamma Flashes. Future signals must be found in detectors as EUSO, seeking Upward-Horizontal events: indeed even minimal, guaranteed, GZK neutrino fluxes may be better observed if EUSO threshold reaches 10^(19) eV by enlarging its telescope size.

D. Fargion

2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

44

ResourceBounded Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Query Input l Word processing package for aMac. l $200 price limit. l Search process should take 10 min Features l Active search and discovery. l Resource Bounded Reasoning. l Goal­driven and) C (75% 6) (25% 4) enables Subtask Relation Enables NLE Q = Quality D = Duration C = Cost Task

Raja, Anita

45

Bound States in Graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

46

Neutrino Induced Upward Going Muons from a Gamma Ray Burst in a Neutrino Telescope of Km^2 Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The number of neutrino induced upward going muons from a single Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) expected to be detected by the proposed kilometer scale IceCube detector at the South Pole location has been calculated. The effects of the Lorentz factor, total energy of the GRB emitted in neutrinos and its distance from the observer (red shift) on the number of neutrino events from the GRB have been examined. The present investigation reveals that there is possibility of exploring the early Universe with the proposed kilometer scale IceCube neutrino telescope.

Nayantara Gupta

2002-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

47

An Experimental Study of Upward and Downward Flow of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide in a Straight Pipe Heat Exchanger with Constant Wall Heat Flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An experimental analysis was conducted on a single circular tube heat exchanger using supercritical carbon dioxide as the working fluid. The heat exchanger was operated in two different orientations: vertically upward and downward. The experimental...

Umrigar, Eric Dara

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

USFS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTagusparkCalculator Jump to: navigation, searchSolomon

49

USFS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformation UC 19-6-401 et seq. - UtahAsiaEnviroFuelsNRCSDecision | OpenJump

50

Saturating the holographic entropy bound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The covariant entropy bound states that the entropy, S, of matter on a light sheet cannot exceed a quarter of its initial area, A, in Planck units. The gravitational entropy of black holes saturates this inequality. The entropy of matter systems, however, falls short of saturating the bound in known examples. This puzzling gap has led to speculation that a much stronger bound, S < or approx. A{sup 3/4}, may hold true. In this note, we exhibit light sheets whose entropy exceeds A{sup 3/4} by arbitrarily large factors. In open Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universes, such light sheets contain the entropy visible in the sky; in the limit of early curvature domination, the covariant bound can be saturated but not violated. As a corollary, we find that the maximum observable matter and radiation entropy in universes with positive (negative) cosmological constant is of order {Lambda}{sup -1} ({Lambda}{sup -2}), and not |{Lambda}|{sup -3/4} as had hitherto been believed. Our results strengthen the evidence for the covariant entropy bound, while showing that the stronger bound S < or approx. A{sup 3/4} is not universally valid. We conjecture that the stronger bound does hold for static, weakly gravitating systems.

Bousso, Raphael [Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7300 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720-8162 (United States); Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-Ha, Kashiwa City, Chiba 277-8568 (Japan); Freivogel, Ben; Leichenauer, Stefan [Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7300 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720-8162 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

51

Tensor rank : some lower and upper bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results of Strassen [25] and Raz [19] show that good enough tensor rank lower bounds have implications for algebraic circuit/formula lower bounds. We explore tensor rank lower and upper bounds, focusing on explicit ...

Forbes, Michael Andrew

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Entropy bounds for uncollapsed matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In any static spacetime the quasilocal Tolman mass contained within a volume can be reduced to a Gauss-like surface integral involving the flux of a suitably defined generalized surface gravity. By introducing some basic thermodynamics, and invoking the Unruh effect, one can then develop elementary bounds on the quasilocal entropy that are very similar in spirit to the holographic bound, and closely related to entanglement entropy.

Gabriel Abreu; Matt Visser

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

53

Experimental investigation on heat transfer and frictional characteristics of vertical upward rifled tube in supercritical CFB boiler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water wall design is a key issue for supercritical Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) boiler. On account of the good heat transfer performance, rifled tube is applied in the water wall design of a 600 MW supercritical CFB boiler in China. In order to investigate the heat transfer and frictional characteristics of the rifled tube with vertical upward flow, an in-depth experiment was conducted in the range of pressure from 12 to 30 MPa, mass flux from 230 to 1200 kg/(m{sup 2} s), and inner wall heat flux from 130 to 720 kW/m{sup 2}. The wall temperature distribution and pressure drop in the rifled tube were obtained in the experiment. The normal, enhanced and deteriorated heat transfer characteristics were also captured. In this paper, the effects of pressure, inner wall heat flux and mass flux on heat transfer characteristics are analyzed, the heat transfer mechanism and the frictional resistance performance are discussed, and the corresponding empirical correlations are presented. The experimental results show that the rifled tube can effectively prevent the occurrence of departure from nucleate boiling (DNB) and keep the tube wall temperature in a permissible range under the operating condition of supercritical CFB boiler. (author)

Yang, Dong; Pan, Jie; Zhu, Xiaojing; Bi, Qincheng; Chen, Tingkuan [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Zhou, Chenn Q. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, IN 46323 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Energy bounds in designer gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider asymptotically anti-de Sitter gravity coupled to tachyonic scalar fields with mass at or slightly above the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound in d{>=}4 spacetime dimensions. The boundary conditions in these ''designer gravity'' theories are defined in terms of an arbitrary function W. We give a general argument that the Hamiltonian generators of asymptotic symmetries for such systems will be finite, and proceed to construct these generators using the covariant phase space method. The direct calculation confirms that the generators are finite and shows that they take the form of the pure gravity result plus additional contributions from the scalar fields. By comparing the generators to the spinor charge, we derive a lower bound on the gravitational energy when W has a global minimum and the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound is not saturated.

Amsel, Aaron J.; Marolf, Donald [Physics Department, UCSB, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

55

Bounds on negativity of superpositions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For pure bipartite superposed states, the entanglement quantified by negativity is studied. If the entanglement is quantified by concurrence, we show that two pure states with high fidelity to one another have nearly the same entanglement. We deduce an inequality in which the concurrence is known to be a continuous function in infinite dimensions. The main result of this paper is to give the bounds on the negativity of a bipartite state in terms of the entanglement of the states being superposed. These bounds may be used in estimating the entanglement of a given state.

Ou Yongcheng; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Methods and apparatus to produce stick-slip motion of logging tool attached to a wireline drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus are described to produce stick-slip motion of a logging tool within a cased well attached to a wireline that is drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum. The stick-slip motion results in the periodic upward movement of the tool in the cased well described in terms of a dwell time during which time the tool is stationary, the move time during which time the tool moves, and the stroke that is upward distance that the tool translates during the ``slip`` portion of the stick-slip motion. This method of measurement is used to log the well at different vertical positions of the tool. Therefore, any typical ``station-to-station logging tool`` may be modified to be a ``continuous logging tool,`` where ``continuous`` means that the wireline drum continually rotates while the tool undergoes stick-slip motion downhole and measurements are performed during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary. The stick-slip methods of operation and the related apparatus are particularly described in terms of making measurements of formation resistivity from within a cased well during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary during the periodic stick-slip motion of the logging tool. 12 figs.

Vail, W.B. III; Momii, S.T.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

57

Methods and apparatus to produce stick-slip motion of logging tool attached to a wireline drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and apparatus are described to produce stick-slip motion of a logging tool within a cased well attached to a wireline that is drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum. The stick-slip motion results in the periodic upward movement of the tool in the cased well described in terms of a dwell time during which time the tool is stationary, the move time during which time the tool moves, and the stroke that is upward distance that the tool translates during the "slip" portion of the stick-slip motion. This method of measurement is used to log the well at different vertical positions of the tool. Therefore, any typical "station-to-station logging tool" may be modified to be a "continuous logging tool", where "continuous" means that the wireline drum continually rotates while the tool undergoes stick-slip motion downhole and measurements are performed during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary. The stick-slip methods of operation and the related apparatus are particularly described in terms of making measurements of formation resistivity from within a cased well during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary during the periodic stick-slip motion of the logging tool.

Vail, III, William Banning (Bothell, WA); Momii, Steven Thomas (Seattle, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Search for Quasi Bound $?$ Mesons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The search for a quasi bound $\\eta$ meson in atomic nuclei is reviewed. This tentative state is studied theoretically as well as experimentally. The theory starts from elastic $\\eta$ nucleon scattering which is derived from production data within some models. From this interaction the $\\eta$ nucleus interaction is derived. Model calculations predict binding energies and widths of the quasi bound state. Another method is to derive the $\\eta$ nucleus interaction from excitation functions of $\\eta$ production experiments. The $s$ wave interaction is extracted from such data via final state interaction theorem. We give the derivation of $s$ wave amplitudes in partial wave expansion and in helicity amplitudes and their relation to observables. Different experiments extracting the final state interaction are discussed as are production experiments. So far only three experiments give evidence for the existence of the quasi bound state: a pion double charge exchange experiment, an effective mass measurement, and a transfer reaction at recoil free kinematics with observation of the decay of the state.

H. Machner

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

59

Dr. Neal J. Smatresk Vice President  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on page 2) Upward Bound Students Visit Washington, D.C. By Kelly Yurchick, Upward Bound Academic Counselor

Hemmers, Oliver

60

Relativistic self-focusing of ultra-high intensity X-ray laser beams in warm quantum plasma with upward density profile  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of a numerical study of high-intensity X-ray laser beam interaction with warm quantum plasma (WQP) are presented. By means of an upward ramp density profile combined with quantum factors specially the Fermi velocity, we have demonstrated significant relativistic self-focusing (RSF) of a Gaussian electromagnetic beam in the WQP where the Fermi temperature term in the dielectric function is important. For this purpose, we have considered the quantum hydrodynamics model that modifies refractive index of inhomogeneous WQPs with the inclusion of quantum correction through the quantum statistical and diffraction effects in the relativistic regime. Also, to better illustration of the physical difference between warm and cold quantum plasmas and their effect on the RSF, we have derived the envelope equation governing the spot size of X-ray laser beam in Q-plasmas. In addition to the upward ramp density profile, we have found that the quantum effects would be caused much higher oscillation and better focusing of X-ray laser beam in the WQP compared to that of cold quantum case. Our computational results reveal the importance of the use of electrons density profile and Fermi speed in enhancing self-focusing of laser beam.

Habibi, M., E-mail: habibi.physics@gmail.com [Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shirvan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shirvan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghamari, F. [Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

On the Time Times Temperature Bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently Hod proposes a lower bound on the relaxation time of a perturbed thermodynamic system. For gravitational systems this bound transforms into a condition on the fundamental quasinormal frequency. We test the bound in some spacetimes whose quasinormal frequencies are calculated exactly, as the three-dimensional BTZ black hole, the D-dimensional de Sitter spacetime, and the D-dimensional Nariai spacetime. We find that for some of these spacetimes their fundamental quasinormal frequencies do not satisfy the bound proposed by Hod.

A. Lopez-Ortega

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

62

Semidefinite code bounds based on quadruple distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Acknowledgement. We thank Niels Oosterling for very helpful comments on the method. References. [1] E. Agrell, Bounds for unrestricted binary codes,.

2010-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

63

Hybrid LP/SDP Bounding Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hybrid LP/SDP Bounding Procedure. Fabio Furini1 and Emiliano Traversi2. 1 LIPN, Universit Paris 13, 93430 Villetaneuse, France.

2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

64

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-314  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for closing out fixed-price sponsored agreements, including the treatment of residual funds and deficits the work is overestimated, residual funds may remain after the project is completed. Both administered by the Office of Research & Innovation. The funds deposited in these accounts may come from

Meyers, Steven D.

65

USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

data, analysis of environmental data such as air pollution, health outcome evaluation, emdical and environmental lung disease, inflammation and asthma, Environmental pollution assessment and modeling mining; Applications ranging from design and analysis of field trials for prevention

Meyers, Steven D.

66

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 10-051  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to: materials reuse and building renovation, retrofitting, green building, smart masonry, materials-plumbing, greywater reuse, and water metering. C. Transportation includes, but is not limited to: p

Meyers, Steven D.

67

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-315  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard Z136.1-2007, American National Standard for the Safe Use of Lasers; ANSI

Meyers, Steven D.

68

USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 6-010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

responsible for implementing emergency management initiatives and conducting emergency operations. 7. Acquire

Meyers, Steven D.

69

New bounds on isotropic Lorentz violation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Violations of Lorentz invariance that appear via operators of dimension four or less are completely parameterized in the Standard Model Extension (SME). In the pure photonic sector of the SME, there are nineteen dimensionless, Lorentz-violating parameters. Eighteen of these have experimental upper bounds ranging between 10{sup -11} and 10{sup -32}; the remaining parameter, ktr, is isotropic and has a much weaker bound of order 10{sup -4}. In this Brief Report, we point out that ktr gives a significant contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron and find a new upper bound of order 10{sup -8}. With reasonable assumptions, we further show that this bound may be improved to 10{sup -14} by considering the renormalization of other Lorentz-violating parameters that are more tightly constrained. Using similar renormalization arguments, we also estimate bounds on Lorentz violating parameters in the pure gluonic sector of QCD.

Chris Carone; Marc Sher; Marc Vanderhaeghen

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

70

Kinetic bounding volume hierarchies for deformable objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present novel algorithms for updating bounding volume hierarchies of objects undergoing arbitrary deformations. Therefore, we introduce two new data structures, the kinetic AABB tree and the kinetic BoxTree. The event-based approach of the kinetic data structures framework enables us to show that our algorithms are optimal in the number of updates. Moreover, we show a lower bound for the total number of BV updates, which is independent of the number of frames. We used our kinetic bounding volume hierarchies for collision detection and performed a comparison with the classical bottomup update method. The results show that our algorithms perform up to ten times faster in practically relevant scenarios.

Gabriel Zachmann; Tu Clausthal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Sound velocity bound and neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been conjectured that the velocity of sound in any medium is smaller than the velocity of light in vacuum divided by $\\sqrt{3}$. Simple arguments support this bound in non-relativistic and/or weakly coupled theories. The bound has been demonstrated in several classes of strongly coupled theories with gravity duals and is saturated only in conformal theories. We point out that the existence of neutron stars with masses around two solar masses combined with the knowledge of the equation of state of hadronic matter at "low" densities is in strong tension with this bound.

Paulo F. Bedaque; Andrew W. Steiner

2015-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

72

On semidefinite programming bounds for graph bandwidth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 24, 2011 ... We propose two new lower bounds on graph bandwidth and cyclic ... matrix computations, parallel computations, VLSI layout, etc; see, for example [19]. ...... problems by SeDuMi [30] using the Yalmip interface [22] with Matlab.

2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

73

Risk Bounds for Mixture Density Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we focus on the problem of estimating a bounded density using a finite combination of densities from a given class. We consider the Maximum Likelihood Procedure (MLE) and the greedy procedure described by ...

Rakhlin, Alexander

2004-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

74

Semidefinite code bounds based on quadruple distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personal use is permitted. For any ... a semidefinite program, whose optimum value is an upper bound for A(n, d). ..... This property is closed under linear combinations, matrix ...... from the Institute for Operations Research and Management.

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

Quantum Lower Bounds by Polynomials Robert Beals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum Lower Bounds by Polynomials Robert Beals University of Arizonaz Harry Buhrman CWI.O. Box 210089, 617 N. Santa Rita Ave, Tucson AZ 85721­0089, USA. E-mail: beals@math.arizona.edu. xCWI, P

de Wolf, Ronald

76

Studies on upward flame spread  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transfer coefficient heat of combustion per unit mass ofwidth, m ? and the heat of combustion per unit mass of fuelthe sample, and the heat of combustion ?H c was assigned the

Gollner, Michael J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Theory and Modeling of Weakly Bound/Physisorbed Materials for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Theory and Modeling of Weakly BoundPhysisorbed Materials for Hydrogen Storage Theory and Modeling of Weakly BoundPhysisorbed Materials for Hydrogen Storage Presentation on the...

78

A masked spectral bound for maximum-entropy sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 16, 2003 ... Abstract: We introduce a new masked spectral bound for the maximum-entropy sampling problem. This bound is a continuous generalization of...

Kurt Anstreicher

2003-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

79

Effective Field Theory for Bound State Reflection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elastic quantum bound-state reflection from a hard-wall boundary provides direct information regarding the structure and compressibility of quantum bound states. We discuss elastic quantum bound-state reflection and derive a general theory for elastic reflection of shallow dimers from hard-wall surfaces using effective field theory. We show that there is a small expansion parameter for analytic calculations of the reflection scattering length. We present a calculation up to second order in the effective Hamiltonian in one, two, and three dimensions. We also provide numerical lattice results for all three cases as a comparison with our effective field theory results. Finally, we provide an analysis of the compressibility of the alpha particle confined to a cubic lattice with vanishing Dirichlet boundaries.

Michelle Pine; Dean Lee

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

80

Critical review of [K- ppn] bound states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We make a thorough study of the process of three body kaon absorption in nuclei, in connection with a recent FINUDA experiment which claims the existence of a deeply bound kaonic state from the observation of a peak in the Lambda d invariant mass distribution following K- absorption on Li6. We show that the peak is naturally explained in terms of K- absorption from three nucleons leaving the rest as spectators. We can also reproduce all the other observables measured in the same experiment and used to support the hypothesis of the deeply bound kaon state. Our study also reveals interesting aspects of kaon absorption in nuclei, a process that must be understood in order to make progress in the search for K- deeply bound states in nuclei.

V. K. Magas; E. Oset; A. Ramos

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Online Deadline Scheduling with Bounded Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online Deadline Scheduling with Bounded Energy Efficiency Joseph Wun-Tat Chan1 , Tak-Wah Lam 2 concern when compared to throughput and the schedules targeted may be very poor in energy efficiency subject to a user-defined threshold of energy efficiency. We first show that all deterministic online

Wong, Prudence W.H.

82

EQUATIONS FOR LOWER BOUNDS ON BORDER RANK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EQUATIONS FOR LOWER BOUNDS ON BORDER RANK JONATHAN D. HAUENSTEIN, CHRISTIAN IKENMEYER, AND J of bilinear maps of border rank at most r. We apply these methods to several cases including the case r = 6 multiplication operator M2, which gives a new proof that the border rank of the multiplication of 2 ? 2 matrices

Hauenstein, Jonathan

83

Cellulose-Bound Magnesium Diboride Superconductivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cellulose-Bound Magnesium Diboride Superconductivity Y.L. Lin and M.O. Pekguleryuz Department Canada Abstract--Two-phase superconductor tapes were produced by blending high purity magnesium diboride junctions. I. INTRODUCTION Magnesium diboride was found to be superconducting in 2001 by Nagamatsu et al. [1

Ryan, Dominic

84

Semidefinite programs for completely bounded norms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The completely bounded trace and spectral norms in finite dimensions are shown to be expressible by semidefinite programs. This provides an efficient method by which these norms may be both calculated and verified, and gives alternate proofs of some known facts about them.

John Watrous

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

85

Geometric Lower Bounds for Parametric Matroid Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(n)) for the special case of parametric graph minimum spanning trees. The only previous lower bound was (n logr for the sequence of minimum spanning trees in a graph with linearly varying edge weights. This parametric spanning tree problem has applications including the stochastic spanning tree problem studied by Ishii et al

Eppstein, David

86

BOUNDS FOR SPECTRAL CLUSTERS HART F. SMITH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lq BOUNDS FOR SPECTRAL CLUSTERS HART F. SMITH Abstract. In these notes, we review recent results] establish the same estimates under the assumption that the metric is C1,1. It is known by examples of Smith to the wave equation. The author was supported in part by NSF grant DMS-0140499. 1 #12;2 HART F. SMITH

Smith, Hart F.

87

A branch-and-bound project assignment methodology with generalized network strategies for updating bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Diaz, Sastri, and Paz 1995). Additionally, an efficient branch-and- bound procedure is highly desirable to solve integer programming models, such as the one being considered in this thesis. In summary the following are the significant contributions... heuristically to obtain near-optimal solutions. Gavish and Pirkul (1991) employed heuristic procedures and a branch-and-bound procedure to develop algorithms for solving the multi-resource generalized assignment problem. Garcia- Diaz, Sastri and Paz (1995...

Jittamai, Phongchai

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

88

Is Fusion Inhibited for Weakly Bound Nuclei?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complete fusion of light radioactive nuclei is predicted to be hindered at near-barrier energies. This feature is investigated in the case of the least bound stable nuclei. Evaporation residues resulting from the {sup 6,7}Li+{sup 9}Be and {sup 6,7}Li+{sup 12}C fusion reactions have been measured in order to study common features in reactions involving light weakly bound nuclei. The experimental excitation functions revealed that the fusion cross section is significantly smaller than the total reaction cross section and also smaller than the fusion cross section expected from the available systematics. A clear correlation between the fusion probability and nucleon (cluster) separation energy has been established.The results suggest that the breakup process has a strong influence on the hindrance of the fusion cross section. {copyright} {ital 1996} {ital The American Physical Society}

Takahashi, J.; Munhoz, M.; Szanto, E.M.; Carlin, N.; Added, N.; Suaide, A.A.; de Moura, M.M.; Liguori Neto, R.; Szanto de Toledo, A. [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Institute de Fisica, Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Caixa Postal 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, (Brasil)] [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Institute de Fisica, Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Caixa Postal 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, (Brasil); Canto, L.F. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, (Brasil)] [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, (Brasil)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Performance bound for quantum absorption refrigerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An implementation of quantum absorption chillers with three qubits has been recently proposed, that is ideally able to reach the Carnot performance regime. Here we study the working efficiency of such self-contained refrigerators, adopting a consistent treatment of dissipation effects. We demonstrate that the coefficient of performance at maximum cooling power is upper bounded by 3/4 of the Carnot performance. The result is independent of the details of the system and the equilibrium temperatures of the external baths. We provide design prescriptions that saturate the bound in the limit of a large difference between the operating temperatures. Our study suggests that delocalized dissipation, which must be taken into account for a proper modelling of the machine-baths interaction, is a fundamental source of irreversibility which prevents the refrigerator from approaching the Carnot performance arbitrarily closely in practice. The potential role of quantum correlations in the operation of these machines is also investigated.

Luis A. Correa; Jos P. Palao; Gerardo Adesso; Daniel Alonso

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

90

Entropy & viscosity bound of strange stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At finite temperature (T) there is a link with general relativity and hydrodynamics that leads to a lower bound for the ratio of shear viscosity and entropy density (\\eta/s). We find that the bound is saturated in the simple model for quark matter that we use for strange stars at T = 80 MeV, at the surface of a strange star. At this T we have the possibility of cosmic separation of phases. We find that, although strongly correlated, the quark matter at the surface of strange stars constitute the most perfect interacting fluid permitted by nature. At the centre of the star, however, the density is higher and conditions are more like the results found for perturbative QCD.

Sibasish Laha; Taparati Gangopadhyay; Manjari Bagchi; Mira Dey; Jishnu Dey; Monika Sinha; Subharthi Ray

2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

91

The structure of a bound nucleon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We highlight some of the progress made in understanding the EMC effect and the NuTeV anomaly using a chiral effective theory of QCD, that is, the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. A natural consequence of this approach is that for nuclear systems the mean scalar and vector fields couple to the quarks inside the bound nucleons and therefore nucleon properties are modified in the medium. In particular, we demonstrate that the medium modification of nucleon quark distributions provides a natural explanation of the EMC effect. We also illustrate how a proton-neutron asymmetry in nuclei leads to an isovector-vector mean-field which couples to the quarks in the bound nucleons and that this mechanism leads to an additional correction to the NuTeV measurement of sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub w}.

Cloeet, I. C. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1560 (United States); Bentz, W. [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Thomas, A. W. [CSSM, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005 (Australia)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

Adiabatically Bound Valence Anions of Guanine. | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAre the EffectsAcknowledgmentdynamicsAdiabatically Bound Valence

93

Efficiency bounds for nonequilibrium heat engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the efficiency of thermal engines (either quantum or classical) working with a single heat reservoir like atmosphere. The engine first gets an energy intake, which can be done in arbitrary non-equilibrium way e.g. combustion of fuel. Then the engine performs the work and returns to the initial state. We distinguish two general classes of engines where the working body first equilibrates within itself and then performs the work (ergodic engine) or when it performs the work before equilibrating (non-ergodic engine). We show that in both cases the second law of thermodynamics limits their efficiency. For ergodic engines we find a rigorous upper bound for the efficiency, which is strictly smaller than the equivalent Carnot efficiency. I.e. the Carnot efficiency can be never achieved in single reservoir heat engines. For non-ergodic engines the efficiency can be higher and can exceed the equilibrium Carnot bound. By extending the fundamental thermodynamic relation to nonequilibrium processes, we find a rigorous thermodynamic bound for the efficiency of both ergodic and non-ergodic engines and show that it is given by the relative entropy of the non-equilibrium and initial equilibrium distributions.These results suggest a new general strategy for designing more efficient engines. We illustrate our ideas by using simple examples.

Pankaj Mehta; Anatoli Polkovnikov

2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

94

High-Accuracy Semidefinite Programming Bounds for Kissing ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 10, 2009 ... port on high-accuracy calculations of these upper bounds for n ? 24. The bound for n = 16 implies a conjecture of Conway and Sloane: There...

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

95

Decodability of Group Homomorphisms beyond the Johnson Bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decodability of Group Homomorphisms beyond the Johnson Bound Irit Dinur Elena Grigorescu Swastik thus give a broad class of codes whose list-decoding ra- dius exceeds the "Johnson bound". Examples

Sudan, Madhu

96

Decodability of Group Homomorphisms beyond the Johnson Bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decodability of Group Homomorphisms beyond the Johnson Bound Irit Dinur Elena Grigorescu Swastik is at most p(1/ ). We thus give a broad class of codes whose list-decoding radius exceeds the "Johnson bound

Sudan, Madhu

97

Unified treatment of bound-state and scattering problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The iteration-subtraction method for the unified treatment of bound-state and scattering problems is compared and contrasted with a similar method for the two-body bound-state problem via nonsingular scattering equations developed recently. We also compare another recent method for solving bound-state problems with the iteration-subtraction method.

Adhikari, S.K.; Tomio, L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Upper bounds for multiphase composites in any dimension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove a rigorous upper bound for the effective conductivity of an isotropic composite made of several isotropic components in any dimension. This upper bound coincides with the Hashin Shtrikman bound when the volume ratio of all phases but any two vanish.

Luis Silvestre

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

99

Best upper and lower bounds of the generalized binomial distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The persistent interest in efficient reliability bounds for complex-structure systems keeps producing new bounds, which are characterized by low computational costs and ensure acceptable error levels for applications. In this paper, we construct best bounds for the generalized binomial distribution (GBD) (known as {open_quotes}m out of n{close_quotes} in reliability theory), which are derived using edge-disjoint paths and cuts. We also propose fundamentally new bounds based on the geometric-mean transformation of the GBD to a homogeneous BD. These new bounds have certain advantages both in terms of computational complexity and in terms of the error level.

Suprun, A.D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Model Independent Bounds on Kinetic Mixing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

New Abelian vector bosons can kinetically mix with the hypercharge gauge boson of the Standard Model. This letter computes the model independent limits on vector bosons with masses from 1 GeV to 1 TeV. The limits arise from the numerous e{sup +}e{sup -} experiments that have been performed in this energy range and bound the kinetic mixing by {epsilon} {approx}< 0.03 for most of the mass range studied, regardless of any additional interactions that the new vector boson may have.

Hook, Anson; Izaguirre, Eder; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Unlocking the Mysteries of the Bounding Box  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Service is available online at http://www.fs.fed.us/institute/ecoregions/ eco_download.html 16. The ?1:2,000,000-Scale Hydrologic Unit Boundaries? from the US Geological Survey is available online at http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/huc.html 17. Circularity...Coordinates Series A, No. 2 Unlocking the Mysteries of the Bounding Box Persistent URL for citation: http://purl.oclc.org/coordinates/a2.pdf Date of Publication: 08/29/05 Douglas R. Caldwell Douglas R. Caldwell (e-mail: Douglas.R. Caldwell...

Caldwell, Douglas R.

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

102

New bounding techniques for channel codes over quasi-static fading channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approach which provides convergent upper bounds of coded systems over QSFCs is addressed first. It is shown that previous Gallager bounds employing trivial low SNR bounds tended to be quite loose. Then improved low instantaneous SNR bounds are derived...

Hu, Jingyu

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The FKPP equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity and this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.

Birch, Daniel A; Young, William R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The FKPP equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity and this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.

Daniel A. Birch; Yue-Kin Tsang; William R. Young

2007-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

105

Bounds on quantum communication via Newtonian gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Newtonian gravity yields specific observable consequences, the most striking of which is the emergence of a $1/r^2$ force. In so far as communication can arise via such interactions between distant particles, we can ask what would be expected for a theory of gravity that only allows classical communication. Many heuristic suggestions for gravity-induced decoherence have this restriction implicitly or explicitly in their construction. Here we show that communication via a $1/r^2$ force has a minimum noise induced in the system when the communication cannot convey quantum information, in a continuous time analogue to Bell's inequalities. Our derived noise bounds provide tight constraints from current experimental results on any theory of gravity that does not allow quantum communication.

D. Kafri; G. J. Milburn; J. M. Taylor

2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

106

Probabilistic metrology defeats ultimate deterministic bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum-enhanced measurements exploit quantum mechanical effects to provide ultra-precise estimates of physical variables for use in advanced technologies, such as frequency calibration of atomic clocks, gravitational waves detection, and biosensing. Quantum metrology studies the fundamental limits in the estimation precision given a certain amount of resources (e.g. the number of probe systems) and restrictions (e.g. limited interaction time, or coping with unavoidable presence of noise). Here we show that, even in the presence of noise, probabilistic measurement strategies (which have a certain probability of failure or abstention) can provide, upon a heralded successful outcome, estimates with a precision that violates the deterministic bounds. This establishes a new ultimate quantum metrology limit. For probe systems subject to local dephasing, we quantify such precision limit as a function of the probability of failure that can be tolerated. We show that the possibility of abstaining can substantially set back the detrimental effects of noise.

J. Calsamiglia; B. Gendra; R. Munoz-Tapia; E. Bagan

2014-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

107

Precision bounds in noisy quantum metrology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In an idealistic setting, quantum metrology protocols allow to sense physical parameters with mean squared error that scales as $1/N^2$ with the number of particles involved---substantially surpassing the $1/N$-scaling characteristic to classical statistics. A natural question arises, whether such an impressive enhancement persists when one takes into account the decoherence effects that are unavoidable in any real-life implementation. In this thesis, we resolve a major part of this issue by describing general techniques that allow to quantify the attainable precision in metrological schemes in the presence of uncorrelated noise. We show that the abstract geometrical structure of a quantum channel describing the noisy evolution of a single particle dictates then critical bounds on the ultimate quantum enhancement. Our results prove that an infinitesimal amount of noise is enough to restrict the precision to scale classically in the asymptotic $N$ limit, and thus constrain the maximal improvement to a constant factor. Although for low numbers of particles the decoherence may be ignored, for large $N$ the presence of noise heavily alters the form of both optimal states and measurements attaining the ultimate resolution. However, the established bounds are then typically achievable with use of techniques natural to current experiments. In this work, we thoroughly introduce the necessary concepts and mathematical tools lying behind metrological tasks, including both frequentist and Bayesian estimation theory frameworks. We provide examples of applications of the methods presented to typical qubit noise models, yet we also discuss in detail the phase estimation tasks in Mach-Zehnder interferometry both in the classical and quantum setting---with particular emphasis given to photonic losses while analysing the impact of decoherence.

Jan Kolodynski

2015-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

108

On Gravitational Radiation by a Quantum Bound System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method based on the path integral approach is engaged to consider the gravitational emission from a quantum mechanical bound system in a locally inertial frame. In such a frame, interaction between the electromagnetic (bound potential) and gravitational fields can be neglected resulting in the less mathematical complexity. The final outcome is in agreement with the previous result for the radiation intensity of emitted gravitons due to decay of bound states in TT gauge.

A. Jahan

2013-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

109

Asymptotics of the quantum Hamming bound for subsystem codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ashikhmin and Litsyn showed that all binary stabilizer codes - pure or impure - of sufficiently large length obey the quantum Hamming bound, ruling out the possibility that impure codes of large length can outperform pure codes with respect to sphere packing. In contrast we show that impure subsystem codes do not obey the quantum Hamming bound for pure subsystem codes, not even asymptotically. We show that there exist arbitrarily long Bacon-Shor codes that violate the quantum Hamming bound.

Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

110

Optimized Learning with Bounded Error for Feedforward Neural Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimized Learning with Bounded Error for Feedforward Neural Networks A. Alessandri, M. Sanguineti-based learnings. A. Alessandri is with the Naval Automatio

Maggiore, Manfredi

111

Coordination of Copper to the Membrane-Bound Form of ?...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

environmental copper exposure. Citation: Dudzik CG, ED Walter, BS Abrams, MS Jurica, and GL Millhauser.2013."Coordination of Copper to the Membrane-Bound Form of...

112

Optimization Online - Lower Bounding Procedures for the Single ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 30, 2014 ... Lower Bounding Procedures for the Single Allocation Hub Location Problem. Borzou Rostami(brostami ***at*** mathematik.tu-dortmund.de)

Borzou Rostami

2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

Bounds for Multistage Stochastic Mixed-Integer Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 16, 2014 ... Scenario-Tree Decomposition: Bounds for Multistage Stochastic Mixed-Integer Programs. Gabriel L. Zenarosa(glz5 ***at*** pitt.edu) Oleg A.

Gabriel L. Zenarosa

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

114

Nonlinear local error bounds via a change of metric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 23, 2014 ... Abstract: In this work, we improve the approach of Corvellec-Motreanu to nonlinear error bounds for lowersemicontinuous functions on...

Dominique Az

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

115

Optimization Online - Lower Bounds and Exact Algorithms for the ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 16, 2013 ... Lower Bounds and Exact Algorithms for the Quadratic Minimum Spanning Tree Problem. Dilson Pereira(dilsonlucas ***at*** gmail.com)

Dilson Pereira

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

116

New Fractional Error Bounds for Polynomial Systems with ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our major result extends the existing error bounds from the system involving only a ... linear complementarity systems with polynomial data as well as high-order...

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

117

Performance evaluation of bound diamond ring tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LLNL is collaborating with the Center for Optics Manufacturing (COM) and the American Precision Optics Manufacturers Association (APOMA) to optimize bound diamond ring tools for the spherical generation of high quality optical surfaces. An important element of this work is establishing an experimentally-verified link between tooling properties and workpiece quality indicators such as roughness, subsurface damage and removal rate. In this paper, we report on a standardized methodology for assessing ring tool performance and its preliminary application to a set of commercially-available wheels. Our goals are to (1) assist optics manufacturers (users of the ring tools) in evaluating tools and in assessing their applicability for a given operation, and (2) provide performance feedback to wheel manufacturers to help optimize tooling for the optics industry. Our paper includes measurements of wheel performance for three 2-4 micron diamond bronze-bond wheels that were supplied by different manufacturers to nominally- identical specifications. Preliminary data suggests that the difference in performance levels among the wheels were small.

Piscotty, M.A.; Taylor, J.S.; Blaedel, K.L.

1995-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

118

Reduction potentials of vesicle-bound viologens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermodynamic reduction potentials have been determined by using spectroelectrochemical and cyclic voltammetric methods for a homologous series of amphiphilic ciologens (N-methyl-N{prime}-alkyl-4,4{prime}-bipyridinium ions, C{sub n}MV{sup 2+}) in a variety of media, including dihexadecyl phosphate (DHP), dioctadecylimethylammonium, and phosphatidylcholine small unilamellar vesicles. In general, potentials for both one-electron steps, i.e., C{sub n}MV{sup 2+} + e{sup {minus}} {yields} C{sub n}MV{sup +} and C{sub n}MV{sup +} + e{sup {minus}} {yields} C{sub n}MV{sup 0}, were insensitive to the alkyl chain length, which was varied over the range n = 6{minus}20. The single exception was a large decrease ({approximately}100 mV) in the first reduction potential for DHP-bound viologens when the chain length was increased from n = 10 to n = 12; this effect was attributed to a change in binding topography. The magnitudes of the reduction potentials were highly dependent upon the vesicle charge; the pattern observed indicated that interfacial electrostatic interactions between the surfactant headgroups and bipyridinium rings were the dominant factors determining the potentials. As discussed in the text, the data allow resolution of several heretofore puzzling observations concerning viologen reactivities in microphase suspensions.

Yabin Lei; Hurst, J.K. (Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology, Beaverton (United States))

1991-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

119

Phenomenology of Wall Bounded Newtonian Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a simple analytic model for wall-bounded turbulence, containing only four adjustable parameters. Two of these parameters characterize the viscous dissipation of the components of the Reynolds stress-tensor and other two parameters characterize their nonlinear relaxation. The model offers an analytic description of the profiles of the mean velocity and the correlation functions of velocity fluctuations in the entire boundary region, from the viscous sub-layer, through the buffer layer and further into the log-layer. As a first approximation, we employ the traditional return-to-isotropy hypothesis, which yields a very simple distribution of the turbulent kinetic energy between the velocity components in the log-layer: the streamwise component contains a half of the total energy whereas the wall-normal and the cross-stream components contain a quarter each. In addition, the model predicts a very simple relation between the von-K\\'arm\\'an slope $\\kappa $ and the turbulent velocity in the log-law region $v^+$ (in wall units): $v^+=6 \\kappa$. These predictions are in excellent agreement with DNS data and with recent laboratory experiments.

Victor S. L'vov; Anna Pomyalov; Itamar Procaccia; Sergej S. Zilitinkevich

2005-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

120

Complexity of Dependencies in Bounded Domains, Armstrong Codes, and Generalizations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complexity of Dependencies in Bounded Domains, Armstrong Codes, and Generalizations Yeow Meng Chee University, Singapore email: {ymchee, huizhang, xiandezhang}@ntu.edu.sg Abstract--The study of Armstrong systems, where attributes have bounded domains. A (q, k, n)-Armstrong code is a q-ary code of length n

Chee, Yeow Meng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Computational Andrew Gearhart  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Computational Kernels Andrew Gearhart Electrical Engineering Fall 2014 #12;Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Computational Kernels Copyright 2014 by Andrew Scott, little consideration was given to the potential energy efficiency of algorithms them- selves. A dominant

California at Berkeley, University of

122

Froissart Bound on Inelastic Cross Section Without Unknown Constants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assuming that axiomatic local field theory results hold for hadron scattering, Andr\\'e Martin and S. M. Roy recently obtained absolute bounds on the D-wave below threshold for pion-pion scattering and thereby determined the scale of the logarithm in the Froissart bound on total cross sections in terms of pion mass only. Previously, Martin proved a rigorous upper bound on the inelastic cross-section $\\sigma_{inel}$ which is one-fourth of the corresponding upper bound on $\\sigma_{tot}$, and Wu, Martin,Roy and Singh improved the bound by adding the constraint of a given $\\sigma_{tot}$. Here we use unitarity and analyticity to determine, without any high energy approximation, upper bounds on energy averaged inelastic cross sections in terms of low energy data in the crossed channel. These are Froissart-type bounds without any unknown coefficient or unknown scale factors and can be tested experimentally. Alternatively, their asymptotic forms,together with the Martin-Roy absolute bounds on pion-pion D-waves below t...

Martin, Andr

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

A Bound on Attacks on Payment Protocols Scott D. Stoller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hypothesis of our reduction is the bounded support restriction (BSR), which states that in every history (i.eA Bound on Attacks on Payment Protocols Scott D. Stoller Computer Science Dept., SUNY at Stony executed corresponding other actions (e.g., a payment gateway approves a charge to customer C's account

Stoller, Scott

124

A Bound on Attacks on Payment Protocols Scott D. Stoller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hypothesis of our reduction is the bounded support restriction (BSR), which states that in every history (i.eA Bound on Attacks on Payment Protocols Scott D. Stoller Computer Science Dept., SUNY at Stony- ously executed corresponding other actions (e.g., a payment gateway approves a charge to customer C

Stoller, Scott

125

Equilibrium pricing bounds on option prices Marie Chazala  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

probability measure that is equivalent to the historical one, and under which the discounted price processesEquilibrium pricing bounds on option prices Marie Chazala and Ely`es Jouinib a CREST, France price at maturity, we derive an upper bound on the call option price by putting two kind of restrictions

Boyer, Edmond

126

Improved Capacity Bounds for the Binary Energy Harvesting Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Capacity Bounds for the Binary Energy Harvesting Channel Kaya Tutuncuoglu1 , Omur Ozel2 of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 Abstract--We consider a binary energy harvesting channel (BEHC) where is asymptotically optimal for small energy harvesting rates. We then present a novel upper bounding technique, which

Yener, Aylin

127

Improvements on the Johnson bound for Reed-Solomon Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improvements on the Johnson bound for Reed-Solomon Codes Muralidhara V N and Sandeep Sen Department Abstract For Reed-Solomon Codes with block length n and dimension k, the Johnson theorem states of the Johnson bound for list-decoding of Reed-Solomon Codes (even if the field size is exponential). More

Sen, Sandeep

128

Factorization law for two lower bounds of concurrence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of two lower bounds of concurrence in bipartite quantum systems when one party goes through an arbitrary channel. We show that these lower bounds obey the factorization law similar to that of [Konrad et al., Nat. Phys. 4, 99 (2008)]. We also discuss the application of this property in an example.

Mirafzali, Sayyed Yahya; Sargolzahi, Iman; Ahanj, Ali; Javidan, Kurosh; Sarbishaei, Mohsen [Department of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khayyam Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran and School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Science (IPM), P. O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Controllability of Dynamical Extensions with Bounded Control: Application to Robotics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Controllability of Dynamical Extensions with Bounded Control: Application to Robotics Monique. An application to the motion plan- ning problem for a class of two-driving-wheel mobile robots illustrates- vated by applications coming from robotics, we extend these results to the situation of bounded controls

Sontag, Eduardo

130

Baryonic Bound State of Vortices in Multicomponent Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a bound state of three 1/3-quantized Josephson coupled vortices in three-component superconductors with intrinsic Josephson couplings, which may be relevant with regard to iron-based superconductors. We find a Y-shaped junction of three domain walls connecting the three vortices, resembling the baryonic bound state of three quarks in QCD. The appearance of the Y-junction (but not a Delta-junction) implies that in both cases of superconductors and QCD, the bound state is described by a genuine three-body interaction (but not by the sum of two-body interactions). We also discuss a confinement/deconfinement phase transition.

Muneto Nitta; Minoru Eto; Toshiaki Fujimori; Keisuke Ohashi

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

131

Effective hydraulic conductivity of bounded, strongly heterogeneous porous media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective hydraulic conductivity of bounded, strongly heterogeneous porous media Evangelos K of Arizona, Tucson Abstract. We develop analytical expressions for the effective hydraulic conductivity Ke boundaries. The log hydraulic conductivity Y forms a Gaussian, statistically homogeneous and anisotropic

Tartakovsky, Daniel M.

132

Obtaining Lower Bounds from the Progressive Hedging Algorithm ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 11, 2013 ... Note that the non-anticipativity constraints (15) define a ..... Complicating constraints are incurred by generator ... Next, we consider the interaction between PHA lower bound quality and .... for assessing wind integration.

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

133

Variational bounds for the shear viscosity of gelling melts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study shear stress relaxation for a gelling melt of randomly crosslinked, interacting monomers. We derive a lower bound for the static shear viscosity $\\eta$, which implies that it diverges algebraically with a critical exponent $k\\ge 2\

Claas H. Khler; Henning Lwe; Peter Mller; Annette Zippelius

2007-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

134

Upper bound analysis for drag anchors in soft clay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study presents an upper bound plastic limit analysis for predicting drag anchor trajectory and load capacity. The shank and fluke of the anchor are idealized as simple plates. The failure mechanism involves the motion of the anchor about a...

Kim, Byoung Min

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

135

Practical Comprehensive Bounds on Surreptitious Communication Over DNS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

receive sur- reptitiously through DNS queries to an upper bound specified by a site's security policy either a 0 bit or a 1 bit.1 It will prove intractable for a site's security analysts (or any detection

Paxson, Vern

136

Lower bounds for the Chvtal-Gomory rank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

bounds on the Chvtal-Gomory rank and develop a simpler method. We provide new families of polytopes in the 0/1 cube with high rank and we describe a...

Sebastian Pokutta, Gautier Stauffer

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

137

New Lower Bounds on the Stability Number of a Graph  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 27, 2007 ... adjacency matrix of G. The complete graph on n vertices is denoted by Kn. ..... We used MATLAB to compute each of the five bounds on each of...

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

138

Copositivity cuts for improving SDP bounds on the clique number ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adding cuts based on copositive matrices, we propose to improve. Lovsz' bound ? .... with AG the adjacency matrix of the complementary graph. Then the MCP ...... MATLAB, in Proceedings of the CACSD Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, 2004.

2008-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

139

Improvable upper bounds to the piezoelectric polaron ground state energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It was shown that an infinite sequence of improving non-increasing upper bounds to the ground state energy (GSE) of a slow-moving piezoeletric polaron can be devised.

A. V. Soldatov

2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

140

Metastability bounds on the two Higgs doublet model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the two Higgs doublet model, there is the possibility that the vacuum where the universe resides in is metastable. We present the tree-level bounds on the scalar potential parameters which have to be obeyed to prevent that situation. Analytical expressions for those bounds are shown for the most used potential, that with a softly broken $Z_2$ symmetry. The impact of those bounds on the model's phenomenology is discussed in detail, as well as the importance of the current Large Hadron Collider results in determining whether the vacuum we live in is or is not stable. We demonstrate how the vacuum stability bounds can be obtained for the most generic CP-conserving potential, and provide a simple method to implement them.

A. Barroso; P. M. Ferreira; I. P. Ivanov; Rui Santos

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Bounds Analysis by Abstract Interpretation Xiaolei Qian Allen Goldberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

representations fo* *r these abstract types. In this work an abstract context, i.e. model, consists * Bounds Analysis by Abstract@csl.sri.com goldberg@kestrel.edu Abstract Abstract interpretation

Goldberg, Allen

142

Zero Energy Bound States in Three--Particle Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Under certain restrictions on pair--potentials it is proved that the eigenvalues in the three--particle system are absorbed at zero energy threshold if there is no negative energy bound states and zero energy resonances in particle pairs.

Dmitry K. Gridnev

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

143

Bound states in the physical QCD sub 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Different variants of the physical QCD{sub 2} are analyzed. The role of the chiral background field in the theory is stressed. A massive bound state creating operator in the massless physical QCD{sub 2} is constructed.

Saradzhev, F.M. (Dept. of Matter Structure, Faculty of Physics, Azerbaijan State Univ., Baku 602, Azerbaijan (SU))

1990-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

144

Upper bounds on minimum distance of nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most popular class of quantum error correcting codes is stabilizer codes. Binary quantum stabilizer codes have been well studied, and Calderbank, Rains, Shor and Sloane (July 1998) have constructed a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance...

Kumar, Santosh

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Dipoles in Graphene Have Infinitely Many Bound States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that in graphene charge distributions with non-vanishing dipole moment have infinitely many bound states. The corresponding eigenvalues accumulate at the edges of the gap faster than any power.

Jean-Claude Cuenin; Heinz Siedentop

2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

146

Probabilistic Planning for Continuous Dynamic Systems under Bounded Risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a model-based planner called the Probabilistic Sulu Planner or the p-Sulu Planner, which controls stochastic systems in a goal directed manner within user-specified risk bounds. The objective of the ...

Williams, Brian Charles

147

RELATIVE RESIDUAL BOUNDS FOR INDEFINITE SINGULAR HERMITIAN MATRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

residual bounds, indefinite Hermitian matrix, eigen- values, perturbation theory, relative perturbations. These theorems are proper generalization of results on a semi-definite Hermitian matrix SIAM Journal on Matrix

Truhar, Ninoslav

148

Mother and Daughter Reports about Upward Transfers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I-Fen Lin Bowling Green State University Department ofResearch at Bowling Green State University and by the

Lin, I-Fen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Stable heteronuclear few-atom bound states in mixed dimensions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study few-body problems in mixed dimensions where two or three heavy atoms are trapped individually in parallel one-dimensional tubes or two-dimensional disks and a single light atom travels freely in three dimensions. Using the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, we find three- and four-body bound states for a broad parameter region. Specifically, the existence of trimer and tetramer states persists to the negative scattering length regime, where no two-body bound state is present. As pointed out by Y. Nishida in an earlier work [Phys. Rev. A 82, 011605(R) (2010)], these few-body bound states are stable against three-body recombination due to geometric separation. In addition, we find that the binding energy of the ground trimer and tetramer state reaches its maximum value when the scattering lengths are comparable to the separation between the low-dimensional traps.

Yin Tao; Zhang Peng; Zhang Wei [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872 (China)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Kerr quasinormal modes and Hod's time-temperature bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give an explicit expression for the frequencies of slowly damped quasinormal modes of near-extreme Kerr black holes. It follows from this expression that the near-extreme Kerr holes obey the Hod's bound: in the limit of maximal rotation, $\\lim \\sup \\omega_{IS}/T\\leq \\pi / \\hbar$, where $\\omega _{IS}$ is the decay rate of the slowest decaying quasinormal mode, $T$ is the black hole temperature. On the other hand, the bound is not saturated in the sense that $\\lim \\inf \\omega_{IS}/T< \\pi /\\hbar$ is a strict inequality. {\\it It remains unclear} whether the bound is saturated in the sense that $\\lim \\sup \\omega_{IS}/T= \\pi /\\hbar$.

A. Gruzinov

2007-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

151

Implications of a viscosity bound on black hole accretion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Motivated by the viscosity bound in gauge/gravity duality, we consider the ratio of shear viscosity (eta) to entropy density (s) in black hole accretion flows. We use both an ideal gas equation of state and the QCD equation of state obtained from lattice for the fluid accreting onto a Kerr black hole. The QCD equation of state is considered since the temperature of accreting matter is expected to approach 10^{12}K in certain hot flows. We find that in both the cases eta/s is small only for primordial black holes and several orders of magnitude larger than any known fluid for stellar and supermassive black holes. We show that a lower bound on the mass of primordial black holes leads to a lower bound on eta/s and vice versa. Finally we speculate that the Shakura-Sunyaev viscosity parameter should decrease with increasing density and/or temperatures.

Aninda Sinha; Banibrata Mukhopadhyay

2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

152

Bousso entropy bound for ideal gas of massive particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Bousso entropy bound is investigated for static spherically symmetric configurations of ideal gas with Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distribution function. Gas of massive particles is considered. The paper is continuation of the previous work concerning the massless case. Special attention is devoted to lightsheets generated by spheres. Conditions under which the Bousso bound can be violated are discussed and it is shown that a possible violating region cannot be arbitrarily large and that it is contained inside a sphere of unit Planck radius if the number of independent spin states $g_s$ is small enough. It is also shown that the central temperature must exceed the Planck temperature in order to get a violation of the Bousso bound for $g_s$ not too large. The situation for higher-dimensional spacetimes is also discussed and the FMW conditions are investigated.

Jan Gersl

2008-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

153

On Subsystem Codes Beating the Hamming or Singleton Bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Subsystem codes are a generalization of noiseless subsystems, decoherence free subspaces, and quantum error-correcting codes. We prove a Singleton bound for GF(q)-linear subsystem codes. It follows that no subsystem code over a prime field can beat the Singleton bound. On the other hand, we show the remarkable fact that there exist impure subsystem codes beating the Hamming bound. A number of open problems concern the comparison in performance of stabilizer and subsystem codes. One of the open problems suggested by Poulin's work asks whether a subsystem code can use fewer syndrome measurements than an optimal MDS stabilizer code while encoding the same number of qudits and having the same distance. We prove that linear subsystem codes cannot offer such an improvement under complete decoding.

Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

154

Lower bounds to the spectral gap of Davies generators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct lower bounds to the spectral gap of a family of Lindblad generators known as Davies maps. These maps describe the thermalization of quantum systems weakly coupled to a heat bath. The steady state of these systems is given by the Gibbs distribution with respect to the system Hamiltonian. The bounds can be evaluated explicitly, when the eigenbasis and the spectrum of the Hamiltonian is known. A crucial assumption is that the spectrum of the Hamiltonian is non-degenerate. Furthermore, we provide a counterexample to the conjecture, that the convergence rate is always determined by the gap of the associated Pauli master equation. We conclude that the full dynamics of the Lindblad generator has to be considered. Finally, we present several physical example systems for which the bound to the spectral gap is evaluated.

Temme, Kristan [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Free-bound emission from cosmological hydrogen recombination  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we compute the emission coming from the direct recombination of free electrons to a given shell (n>=2) during the epoch of cosmological hydrogen recombination. This contribution leads to a total of one photon per recombined hydrogen atom and therefore a ~30-88% increase of the recombination spectrum within the frequency range 1 GHzhydrogen atom we find that a total of ~5 photons per hydrogen atom are emitted when including all the bound-bound transitions, the 2s two-photon decay channel and the optically thin free-bound transitions. Since the direct recombination continuum at high n is very broad only a few n-series continuua are distinguishable and most of this additional emission below nu<~30 GHz is completely featureless.

J. Chluba; R. A. Sunyaev

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

156

Usefulness of bound-state approximations in reaction theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A bound-state approximation when applied to certain operators, such as the many-body resolvent operator for a two-body fragmentation channel, in many-body scattering equations, reduces such equations to equivalent two-body scattering equations which are supposed to provide a good description of the underlying physical process. In this paper we test several variants of bound-state approximations in the soluble three-boson Amado model and find that such approximations lead to weak and unacceptable kernels for the equivalent two-body scattering equations and hence to a poor description of the underlying many-body process.

Adhikari, S.K.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Critical review of deeply bound kaonic nuclear states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We critically revise the recent claims of narrow deeply bound kaonic states and show that at present there is no convincing experimental evidence for their existence. In particular, we discuss in details the claim of K- pp deeply bound state associated to a peak seen in the Lambda p invariant mass spectrum from K- nuclear absorption reactions by the FINUDA collaboration. An explicit theoretical simulation shows that the peak is simply generated from a two-nucleon absorption process, like K- pp --> Lambda p, followed by final-state interactions of the produced particles with the residual nucleus.

V. K. Magas; E. Oset; A. Ramos; H. Toki

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

158

Bound state spectra of three-body muonic molecular ions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results of highly accurate calculations are presented for all twenty-two known bound $S(L = 0)-, P(L = 1)-, D(L = 2)-$ and $F(L = 3)-$states in the six three-body muonic molecular ions $pp\\mu, pd\\mu, pt\\mu, dd\\mu, dt\\mu$ and $tt\\mu$. A number of bound state properties of these muonic molecular ions have been determined numerically to high accuracy. The dependence of the total energies of these muonic molecules upon particle masses is considered. We also discuss the current status of muon-catalysis of nuclear fusion reactions.

Alexei M. Frolov; David M. Wardlaw

2010-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

159

Bound state spectra of three-body muonic molecular ions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results of highly accurate calculations are presented for all twenty-two known bound $S(L = 0)-, P(L = 1)-, D(L = 2)-$ and $F(L = 3)-$states in the six three-body muonic molecular ions $pp\\mu, pd\\mu, pt\\mu, dd\\mu, dt\\mu$ and $tt\\mu$. A number of bound state properties of these muonic molecular ions have been determined numerically to high accuracy. The dependence of the total energies of these muonic molecules upon particle masses is considered. We also discuss the current status of muon-catalysis of nuclear fusion reactions.

Frolov, Alexei M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Dancing Volvox: Hydrodynamic Bound States of Swimming Algae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spherical alga Volvox swims by means of flagella on thousands of surface somatic cells. This geometry and its large size make it a model organism for studying the fluid dynamics of multicellularity. Remarkably, when two nearby Volvox swim close to a solid surface, they attract one another and can form stable bound states in which they "waltz" or "minuet" around each other. A surface-mediated hydrodynamic attraction combined with lubrication forces between spinning, bottom-heavy Volvox explains the formation, stability and dynamics of the bound states. These phenomena are suggested to underlie observed clustering of Volvox at surfaces.

Knut Drescher; Kyriacos C. Leptos; Idan Tuval; Takuji Ishikawa; Timothy J. Pedley; Raymond E. Goldstein

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Two-dimensional random walk in a bounded domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent Letter Ciftci and Cakmak [EPL 87, 60003 (2009)] showed that the two dimensional random walk in a bounded domain, where walkers which cross the boundary return to a base curve near origin with deterministic rules, can produce regular patterns. Our numerical calculations suggest that the cumulative probability distribution function of the returning walkers along the base curve is a Devil's staircase, which can be explained from the mapping of these walks to a non-linear stochastic map. The non-trivial probability distribution function(PDF) is a universal feature of CCRW characterized by the fractal dimension d=1.75(0) of the PDF bounding curve.

Mahashweta Basu; P. K. Mohanty

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

162

Bioavailability of sediment-bound contaminants to marine organisms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bioavailability of sediment-bound contaminants to marine organisms indicates that there exists a potential for transfer of these contaminants through marine food webs to commercial fisheries products consumed by humans. However, there has been relatively little effort to combine and synthesize data on chemical/biological interactions between benthic animals and seagrasses and the sediments in which they reside on the one hand, and on the chemistry of bioaccumulation on the other. This report provides a conceptual basis for an approach to bioavailability and biomagnification of sediment-bound contaminants that reviews biological and chemical approaches.

Brown, B. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States); [Colby Coll., Waterville, ME (United States); Neff, J. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States); [Battelle Ocean Sciences, Duxbury, MA (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Bounded limit for the Monte Carlo point-flux-estimator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a Monte Carlo random walk the kernel K(R,E) is used as an expected value estimator at every collision for the collided flux phi/sub c/ r vector,E) at the detector point. A limiting value for the kernel is derived from a diffusion approximation for the probability current at a radius R/sub 1/ from the detector point. The variance of the collided flux at the detector point is thus bounded using this asymptotic form for K(R,E). The bounded point flux estimator is derived. (WHK)

Grimesey, R.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Electron magneto-hydrodynamic waves bounded by magnetic bubble  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of electron magneto-hydrodynamic (EMHD) waves is studied experimentally in a 3-dimensional region of low magnetic field surrounded by stronger magnetic field at its boundaries. We report observations where bounded left hand polarized Helicon like EMHD waves are excited, localized in the region of low magnetic field due to the boundary effects generated by growing strengths of the ambient magnetic field rather than a conducting or dielectric material boundary. An analytical model is developed to include the effects of radially nonuniform magnetic field in the wave propagation. The bounded solutions are compared with the experimentally obtained radial wave magnetic field profiles explaining the observed localized propagation of waves.

Anitha, V. P.; Sharma, D.; Banerjee, S. P.; Mattoo, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Lower bounds on the absorption probability of beam splitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a lower limit to the amount of absorptive loss present in passive linear optical devices such as a beam splitter. We choose a particularly simple beam splitter geometry, a single planar slab surrounded by vacuum, which already reveals the important features of the theory. It is shown that, using general causality requirements and statistical arguments, the lower bound depends on the frequency of the incident light and the transverse resonance frequency of a suitably chosen single-resonance model only. For symmetric beam splitters and reasonable assumptions on the resonance frequency $\\omega_T$, the lower absorption bound is $p_{\\min}\\approx 10^{-6}(\\omega/\\omega_T)^4$.

Stefan Scheel

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

166

Two-dimensional random walk in a bounded domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent Letter Ciftci and Cakmak [EPL 87, 60003 (2009)] showed that the two dimensional random walk in a bounded domain, where walkers which cross the boundary return to a base curve near origin with deterministic rules, can produce regular patterns. Our numerical calculations suggest that the cumulative probability distribution function of the returning walkers along the base curve is a Devil's staircase, which can be explained from the mapping of these walks to a non-linear stochastic map. The non-trivial probability distribution function(PDF) is a universal feature of CCRW characterized by the fractal dimension d=1.75(0) of the PDF bounding curve.

Basu, Mahashweta

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Aptamer Directly Evolved from Live Cells Recognizes Membrane Bound Immunoglobin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. These include cell signaling, cell-cell interactions, ion/solute transport that facilitates the exchangeAptamer Directly Evolved from Live Cells Recognizes Membrane Bound Immunoglobin Heavy Mu Chain, and Weihong Tan The identification of tumor related cell membrane protein targets is important

Tan, Weihong

168

Approximate Solutions and Performance Bounds for the Sensor Placement Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to place environmental sensors for an area where there are large amounts of distributed solar PV and whereApproximate Solutions and Performance Bounds for the Sensor Placement Problem Muhammad Uddin@cc.tuat.ac.jp Abstract--This paper considers the placement of m sensors at n > m possible locations. Given noisy

Kavcic, Aleksandar

169

Linear Tolls Suce: New bounds and algorithms for tolls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; 1] ordered by their increasing willingness to pay tolls to reduce latency | their valuation of time. Cole, et al. give an algorithm that computes optimal tolls for a bounded number of agent valuations with optimal tolls is independent of the distribution of valuations of time of the users. In particular

Fleischer, Lisa K.

170

Results on Resource-Bounded Measure Harry Buhrman?1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results on Resource-Bounded Measure Harry Buhrman?1 , and Stephen Fenner??2 , and Lance Fortnow???3-measure 0, or even p2-measure 0. ? URL: http://www.cwi.nl/cwi/people/Harry.Buhrman.html. E-mail: buhrman if it can be expressed as the di erence of two sets in NP. The notations R, Q, R+ and Q+ denote the real

Fortnow, Lance

171

Lower bounding procedure for the Asymmetric Quadratic Traveling ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a lower bound is to linearize the quadratic terms xijxjk for all (i, j),(j, k) ? A ..... Consider any cycle C. Since column Cp is the selected column to enter the basis we ..... some kind of subtour elimination constraint, we restrict the search to find a

2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

172

Calculation of size for bound-state constituents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elements are given of a calculation that identifies the size of a proton in the Schroedinger equation for lepton-proton bound states, using the renormalization group procedure for effective particles (RGPEP) in quantum field theory, executed only up to the second order of expansion in powers of the coupling constant. Already in this crude approximation, the extraction of size of a proton from bound-state observables is found to depend on the lepton mass, so that the smaller the lepton mass the larger the proton size extracted from the same observable bound-state energy splitting. In comparison of Hydrogen and muon-proton bound-state dynamics, the crude calculation suggests that the difference between extracted proton sizes in these two cases can be a few percent. Such values would match the order of magnitude of currently discussed proton-size differences in leptonic atoms. Calculations using the RGPEP of higher order than second are required for a precise interpretation of the energy splittings in terms of the proton size in the Schroedinger equation. Such calculations should resolve the conceptual discrepancy between two conditions: that the renormalization group scale required for high accuracy calculations based on the Schroedinger equation is much smaller than the proton mass (on the order of a root of the product of reduced and average masses of constituents) and that the energy splittings due to the physical proton size can be interpreted ignoring corrections due to the effective nature of constituents in the Schr\\"odinger equation.

Stanislaw D. Glazek

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Density functional theory for self-bound systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The density functional theory is extended to account for self-bound systems. To this end the Hohenberg-Kohn theorem is formulated for the intrinsic density and a Kohn-Sham like procedure for an $N$--body system is derived using the adiabatic approximation to account for the center of mass motion.

Nir Barnea

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

174

Information bounds for Gibbs samplers Priscilla E. Greenwood \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approximately doubles under random sweep. 1 Introduction The Gibbs sampler is a widely used Markov chain Monte and phrases. Efficient estimator, empirical estimator, Markov chain Monte Carlo, vari­ ance bound. 1 #12­studied problem; recent references are Frigessi, Hwang, Sheu and Di Stefano (1993), Ingrassia (1994), Meyn

McKeague, Ian

175

ENERGY LEVEL SPECTROSCOPY OF A BOUND VORTEX-ANTIVORTEX PAIR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vortex- antivortex (VAV) state in an annular Josephson junction. The bound VAV pair is formed microwave spectroscopy. Keywords: Macroscopic quantum effects, long Josephson junctions, vortex­9]. Most of the studied systems, such as dc-biased Josephson junctions (JJ), supercon- ducting quantum

Wallraff, Andreas

176

Tighter quantum uncertainty relations follow from a general probabilistic bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainty relations (URs) like the Heisenberg-Robertson or the time-energy UR are often considered to be hallmarks of quantum theory. Here, a simple derivation of these URs is presented based on a single classical inequality from estimation theory, a Cram\\'er-Rao-like bound. The Heisenberg-Robertson UR is then obtained by using the Born rule and the Schr\\"odinger equation. This allows a clear separtion of the probabilistic nature of quantum mechanics from the Hilbert space structure and the dynamical law. It also simplifies the interpretation of the bound. In addition, the Heisenberg-Robertson UR is tightened for mixed states by replacing one variance by the so-called quantum Fisher information. Thermal states of well-known Hamiltonians are shown to saturate the tighter bound for natural choices of the operators. Last, this bound establishes links to inequalities for spin-squeezing and multi-particle entanglement and leads to an entire class of inequalities for entanglement detection.

Florian Frwis; Nicolas Gisin

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

177

Two heavy fermions bound via Higgs boson exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A system of two heavy fermions, leptons or quarks of the fourth generation, which are bound together via the Higgs boson exchange is studied. The conventional Yukawa-type interaction produced by this exchange is accompanied by several important corrections. We derived the Hamiltonian, which describes the correction arising from the retardation (compare the Breit correction in QED); we also calculated the relativistic and radiative corrections. The Higgs-induced bound state appears for the fermion mass m>m_{cr} \\approx 500 GeV. When the long-range Coulomb interaction or the gluon exchange are included, the bound states exist for any mass, but the Higgs exchange drastically increases the binding energy of these states when m is approaching m_{cr}. In the region m>m_{cr} the gluon exchange gives a sizable correction to the Higgs induced binding energy. This correction greatly exceeds typical binding energies in the states produced via the gluon exchange only. The possibility of detection of the considered bound states at LHC is discussed.

Victor Flambaum; Michael Kuchiev

2011-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

178

Revising Specifications with CTL Properties using Bounded Model Checking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Revising Specifications with CTL Properties using Bounded Model Checking No Author Given that inconsistencies arise between the formal specification and some desired property. Belief Revision deals. In this paper, we propose the use of belief revision techniques in order to deal with inconsistencies in formal

Finger, Marcelo

179

How Efficient Can We Be?: Bounds on Algorithm Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How Efficient Can We Be?: Bounds on Algorithm Energy Consumption Andrew Gearhart #12;Relation design use feedback to "cotune" compute kernel energy efficiency #12;Previous Work: Communication Lower-optimal" algorithms #12;Communication is energy inefficient! · On-chip/Off-chip gap isn't going to improve much Data

California at Irvine, University of

180

Particle physics implications of the WMAP neutrino mass bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The recently published cosmological bound on the absolute neutrino masses obtained from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) data has important consequences for neutrino experiments and models. Taken at face value, the new bound excludes the determination of the absolute neutrino mass in the KATRIN experiment and disfavors a neutrino oscillation interpretation of the LSND experiment. Combined with the KamLAND and Super-K data, the WMAP bound defines an accessible range for the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude. The bound also impacts the Z-burst annihilation mechanism for resonant generation of extreme-energy cosmic rays on the cosmic neutrino background in two ways: it constrains the local overdensity of neutrino dark matter which is not helpful, but it also limits the resonant energy to a favorable range. In R-parity violating SUSY models neutrino masses are generated by trilinear and bilinear lepton number violating couplings. The WMAP result improves the constraints on these couplings over their existing values by an order of magnitude.

G. Bhattacharyya; H. Ps; L. Song; T. J. Weiler

2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Iteration Bounds for Finding the ?-Stationary Points for Structured ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 15, 2014 ... where ? = p/q with 1/p + 1/q = 1, then we prove that the new algorithms have an overall iteration complexity bound of O(1/?q) in finding an ?-stationary ...... + Mr,. (35) which means that if the perturbation is small, then the...

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

182

Zero Energy Bound States in Many--Particle Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is proved that the eigenvalues in the N--particle system are absorbed at zero energy threshold, if none of the subsystems has a bound state with $E \\leq 0$ and none of the particle pairs has a zero energy resonance. The pair potentials are allowed to take both signs.

Dmitry K. Gridnev

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa , V´ictor Dalmaub , Andrei Krokhin problem (CSP) provides a framework in which it is possible to express, in a natural way, many.g., [10, 14]) that the CSP can be cast as the following fundamental problem: given two finite relational

Krokhin, Andrei

184

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa , V´ictor Dalmaub , Andrei Krokhin satisfaction problem (CSP) provides a framework in which it is possible to express, in a natural way, many.g., [11, 18]) that the CSP can be cast as the following fundamental problem: given two finite relational

Krokhin, Andrei

185

Time Bounds for Shared Objects in Partially Synchronous Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and epsilon < u. Considering any operation for which there exist k instances such that each instance separately is legal and any sequence of them is legal, but the state of the object is different after different sequences, we prove a lower bound of (1-1/k...

Wang, Jiaqi

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

186

POINTWISE GREEN FUNCTION BOUNDS AND STABILITY OF COMBUSTION WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

POINTWISE GREEN FUNCTION BOUNDS AND STABILITY OF COMBUSTION WAVES GREGORY LYNG, MOHAMMADREZA ROOFI for traveling wave solutions of an abstract viscous combustion model including both Majda's model and the full-wave) approximation. Notably, our results apply to combustion waves of any type: weak or strong, detonations or defla

Texier, Benjamin - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

187

Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Jordan1,2 Martin J. Wainwright1,2 1 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation John C. Duchi1 Michael I Department of Statistics University of California, Berkeley {jduchi

Jordan, Michael I.

188

Verifying Time Bounds for General Function Pointers Robert Dockins1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a standard operational semantics. Our core technique is very compact and may be applicable to other resource in their semantic models (e.g., con- currency with first-class locks, self-modifying code) are often quite complex one is interested in concrete bounds rather than simple termination. We are unaware of any other logic

Hobor, Aquinas

189

Transdichotomous algorithms without multiplication some upper and lower bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trans­dichotomous algorithms without multiplication ­ some upper and lower bounds Andrej Brodnik 1 that on a RAM with addition, subtraction, bitwise Boolean operations and shifts, but no multiplication; 1g w of w­bit bit strings (or numbers between 0 and 2 w \\Gamma 1). An increasingly popular

Brodnik, Andrej "Andy"

190

Bounds for the Quadratic Assignment Problem Using the Bundle ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 27, 2003 ... START program Y43-MAT of the Austrian Ministry of Science is gratefully acknowledged. ...... T he implementation o f our bounds w as done in a ATLAB and per f ormed on a ..... H ahn, W . L . H ighto w er, T . A . J ohnson,Qa .

2003-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

191

On bounding the bandwidth of graphs with symmetry - Optimization ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hamming graph H(2,q) (also known as the lattice graph) has bandwidth equal to. (q+1)q. 2. ?1 .... 59. 10 3 120. 72. 75. 76. 90. Table 9: Bounds on the bandwidth of K(v,2) and K(v,3). v d meig .... Freeman, San Francisco, 1979. [19] Graham, A.

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

192

Bounds on negative energy densities in static space-times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Certain exotic phenomena in general relativity, such as backward time travel, appear to require the presence of matter with negative energy. While quantum fields are a possible source of negative energy densities, there are lower bounds - known as quantum inequalities - that constrain their duration and magnitude. In this paper, we derive new quantum inequalities for scalar fields in static space-times, as measured by static observers with a choice of sampling function. Unlike those previously derived by Pfenning and Ford, our results do not assume any specific sampling function. We then calculate these bounds in static three- and four-dimensional Robertson-Walker universes, the de Sitter universe, and the Schwarzschild black hole. In each case, the new inequality is stronger than that of Pfenning and Ford for their particular choice of sampling function.

Christopher J. Fewster; Edward Teo

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

193

Analytic description of dipole-bound anion photodetachment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical model for a dipole-bound anion (DBA) is proposed based on the exactly solvable three-dimensional Schroedinger equation for the excess electron bound by dipole potential of the parent neutral molecule (NM) in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. The model gives reasonable analytical approximation for the dependence of the DBA binding energy on the NM dipole moment previously found numerically by many authors. The cross section of one-photon photodetachment of DBA is calculated in explicit analytical form. In the limit of high photon frequency, {omega}, the calculated cross-section displays {approx}{omega}{sup -2} behavior, which agrees perfectly with the experimental data [Bailey et al., J. Chem. Phys 104, 6976 (1996)]. At the threshold, the cross section demonstrates Gailitis-Damburg oscillations. Numerical dependence is provided for the maximal value of the cross section as a function of the NM dipole moment and the binding energy of the excess electron.

Chernov, V. E.; Dolgikh, A. V.; Zon, B. A. [Voronezh State University, 1 University Sq., Voronezh, 394006 (Russian Federation)

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Holographic superconductors near the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss holographic superconductors in an arbitrary dimension whose dual black holes have scalar hair of mass near the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound. We concentrate on low temperatures in the probe limit. We show analytically that when the bound is saturated, the condensate diverges at low temperatures as $|\\ln T|^\\delta$, where $\\delta$ depends on the dimension. This mild divergence was missed in earlier numerical studies. We calculate the conductivity analytically and show that at low temperatures, all poles move toward the real axis. We obtain an increasingly large number of poles which approach the zeroes of the Airy function in 2+1 dimensions and of the Gamma function in 3+1 dimensions. Our analytic results are in good agreement with numerical results whenever the latter are available.

George Siopsis; Jason Therrien; Suphot Musiri

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

195

Free Energies of Dilute Bose gases: upper bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive a upper bound on the free energy of a Bose gas system at density $\\rho$ and temperature $T$. In combination with the lower bound derived previously by Seiringer \\cite{RS1}, our result proves that in the low density limit, i.e., when $a^3\\rho\\ll 1$, where $a$ denotes the scattering length of the pair-interaction potential, the leading term of $\\Delta f$ the free energy difference per volume between interacting and ideal Bose gases is equal to $4\\pi a (2\\rho^2-[\\rho-\\rhoc]^2_+)$. Here, $\\rhoc(T)$ denotes the critical density for Bose-Einstein condensation (for the ideal gas), and $[\\cdot ]_+$ $=$ $\\max\\{\\cdot, 0\\}$ denotes the positive part.

Jun Yin

2010-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

196

Kinetic Bounding Volume Hierarchies for Collision Detection of Deformable Objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present novel algorithms for updating bounding volume hierarchies of objects undergoing arbitrary deformations. Therefore, we introduce two new data structures, the kinetic AABB tree and the kinetic BoxTree. The event-based approach of the kinetic data structures framework enables us to show that our algorithms are optimal in the number of updates. Moreover, we show a lower bound for the total number of BV updates, which is independent of the number of frames. Furthermore, we present a kinetic data structures which uses the kinetic AABB tree for collision detection and show that this structure can be easily extended for continuous collision detection of deformable objects. We performed a comparison of our kinetic approaches with the classical bottom-up update method. The results show that our algorithms perform up to ten times faster in practically relevant scenarios.

Gabriel Zachmann; Rene Weller

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Stochastic Ratchet Mechanisms for Replacement of Proteins Bound to DNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiments indicate that unbinding rates of proteins from DNA can depend on the concentration of proteins in nearby solution. Here we present a theory of multi-step replacement of DNA-bound proteins by solution-phase proteins. For four different kinetic scenarios we calculate the depen- dence of protein unbinding and replacement rates on solution protein concentration. We find (1) strong effects of progressive 'rezipping' of the solution-phase protein onto DNA sites liberated by 'unzipping' of the originally bound protein; (2) that a model in which solution-phase proteins bind non-specifically to DNA can describe experiments on exchanges between the non specific DNA- binding proteins Fis-Fis and Fis-HU; (3) that a binding specific model describes experiments on the exchange of CueR proteins on specific binding sites.

Simona Cocco; John F. Marko; Remi Monasson

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

198

The EMC effect in the few-body bound states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The deep inelastic scattering of leptons off nuclei is studied within the the Bethe-Salpeter formalism. It is shown that nuclear short-range structure can be expressed in terms of the nucleon structure functions and four-dimensional Fermi motion of the nucleons. The four-dimensional Fermi motion broadens the bound nucleon localization area, what leads to the observation of the nucleon structure change in nuclei--EMC effect. The {sup 4}He to deuteron structure functions ratio is found in good agreement with experimental data. It is shown that the pattern of the ratio is defined by dynamical properties of the nucleon structure and four-dimensional geometry of the bound state.

Molochkov, A. [Far Eastern National University, 690950 Vladivostok (Russian Federation)

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

199

Supernova Bounds on keV-mass Sterile Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sterile neutrinos of keV masses are one of the most promising candidates for the warm dark matter, which could solve the small-scale problems encountered in the scenario of cold dark matter. We present a detailed study of the production of such sterile neutrinos in a supernova core, and derive stringent bounds on the active-sterile neutrino mixing angles and sterile neutrino masses based on the standard energy-loss argument.

Zhou, Shun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

STRUCTURE NOTE Conformational Variation of Calcium-Bound Troponin C  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­156) helices. Each domain is filled with two Ca2 ions in the two helix-loop-helix calcium-binding motifsSTRUCTURE NOTE Conformational Variation of Calcium-Bound Troponin C Jayashree Soman,1 Terence Tao,2 of 2-Ca2 avian TnC2,3 and the NMR structure of calcium-saturated TnC,4 it is generally ac- cepted now

Phillips, George N. Jr.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Double Diffusion in Enclosure Bounded by Massive and Volatilizing Walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Maximize Comfort: Temperature, Humidity and IAQ Vol.I-6-5 Double Diffusion in Enclosure Bounded by Massive and Volatilizing Walls Di Liu Guangfa Tang Fuyun Zhao Doctoral Professor.... INTRODUCTION It has become evident that building products are major contributors to the pollution of the indoor air environment with volatile organic compounds (VOCs) [1]. The indoor airflow and temperature distributions also have influence on the emission...

Liu, D.; Tang, G.; Zhao, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

SWKB Quantization Rules for Bound States in Quantum Wells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a recent paper by Gomes and Adhikari (J.Phys B30 5987(1997)) a matrix formulation of the Bohr-Sommerfield quantization rule has been applied to the study of bound states in one dimension quantum wells. Here we study these potentials in the frame work of supersymmetric WKB (SWKB) quantization approximation and find that SWKB quantization rule is superior to the modified Bohr-Sommerfield or WKB rules as it exactly reproduces the eigenenergies.

Anjana Sinha; Rajkumar Roychoudhury

1999-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

203

Bounds on Quantum Multiple-Parameter Estimation with Gaussian State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the quantum Cramer-Rao bounds on the joint multiple-parameter estimation with the Gaussian state as a probe. We derive the explicit right logarithmic derivative and symmetric logarithmic derivative operators in such a situation. We compute the corresponding quantum Fisher information matrices, and find that they can be fully expressed in terms of the mean displacement and covariance matrix of the Gaussian state. Finally, we give some examples to show the utility of our analytical results.

Yang Gao; Hwang Lee

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

204

Production of bound {$?^{+}?^{-}$}-systems in relativistic heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dimuonium (the bound system of two muons, $\\mu^+\\mu^-$-atom) has not been observed yet. In this paper we discuss the electromagnetic production of dimuonium at RHIC and LHC in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The production of parastates is analyzed in the equivalent photon approximation. For the treatment of orthostates, we develop a three photon formalism. We determine the production rates at RHIC and LHC with an accuracy of a few percent and discuss problems related to the observation of dimuonium.

I. F. Ginzburg; U. D. Jentschura; S. G. Karshenboim; F. Krauss; V. G. Serbo; G. Soff

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

205

A NEW DEGREE BOUND FOR VECTOR INVARIANTS OF SYMMETRIC GROUPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A NEW DEGREE BOUND FOR VECTOR INVARIANTS OF SYMMETRIC GROUPS P. FLEISCHMANN Abstract. Let R ) Ÿ n, provided that n! is invertible in R. This was used by E.Noether to prove fi(V; G) Ÿ jGj if j com­ mutative rings R and show equality for n = p s a prime power and R = Z or any ring with n \\Delta

Fleischmann, Peter

206

On L{sup 2}-functions with bounded spectrum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the class PW(R{sup n}) of functions in L{sup 2}(R{sup n}), whose Fourier transform has bounded support. We obtain a description of continuous maps {phi}:R{sup m}{yields}R{sup n} such that fo{phi} element of PW(R{sup m}) for every function f element of PW(R{sup n}). Only injective affine maps {phi} have this property. Bibliography: 5 titles.

Lebedev, Vladimir V [Moscow State Institute of Electronics and Mathematics (Technical University), Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Moscow State Institute of Electronics and Mathematics (Technical University), Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

207

Tighter quantum uncertainty relations follow from a general probabilistic bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Uncertainty relations (URs) like the Heisenberg-Robertson or the time-energy UR are often considered to be hallmarks of quantum theory. Here, a simple derivation of these URs is presented based on a single classical inequality from estimation theory, a Cram\\'er-Rao-like bound. The Heisenberg-Robertson UR is then obtained by using the Born rule and the Schr\\"odinger equation. This allows a clear separtion of the probabilistic nature of quantum mechanics from the Hilbert space structure and the dynamical law. It also simplifies the interpretation of the bound. In addition, the Heisenberg-Robertson UR is tightened for mixed states by replacing one variance by the so-called quantum Fisher information. Thermal states of Hamiltonians with evenly-gapped energy levels are shown to saturate the tighter bound for natural choices of the operators. This example is further extended to Gaussian states of a harmonic oscillator. For many-qubit systems, we illustrate the interplay between entanglement and the structure of the operators that saturate the UR with spin-squeezed states and Dicke states.

Florian Frwis; Nicolas Gisin

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - actin-bound myosin heads Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: of actin-bound myosin heads in spin-labeled myofibrils in the presence of the ATP analogs AMPPNP (5... -Si have demonstrated that actin-bound myosin heads are...

209

Forecasting the Costs of Automotive PEM Fuel Cell Systems: Using Bounded Manufacturing Progress Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Costs of Automotive PEM Fuel Cell Systems - Using BoundedCosts of Automotive PEM Fuel Cell Systems - Using BoundedCosts of Automotive PEM Fuel Cell Systems Forecasting the

Lipman, Timonthy E.; Sperling, Daniel

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Bounds for axially symmetric linear perturbations for the extreme Kerr black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain remarkably simple integral bounds for axially symmetric linear perturbations for the extreme Kerr black hole in terms of conserved energies. From these estimates we deduce pointwise bounds for the perturbations outside the horizon.

Dain, Sergio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Bounds of concurrence and their relation with fidelity and frontier states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The bounds of concurrence in [F. Mintert and A. Buchleitner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98 (2007) 140505] and [C. Zhang \\textit{et. al.}, Phys. Rev. A 78 (2008) 042308] are proved by using two properties of the fidelity. In two-qubit systems, for a given value of concurrence, the states achieving the maximal upper bound, the minimal lower bound or the maximal difference upper-lower bound are determined analytically.

Zhihao Ma; Fu-Lin Zhang; Dong-Ling Deng; Jing-Ling Chen

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

212

A Union Bound Approximation for Rapid Performance Evaluation of Punctured Turbo Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Union Bound Approximation for Rapid Performance Evaluation of Punctured Turbo Codes Ioannis a simple technique to approximate the performance union bound of a punctured turbo code. The bound to calculate the most significant terms of the transfer function of a turbo encoder. We demonstrate that

Cambridge, University of

213

NESTED BOUNDS FOR THE CONSTRAINED SENSOR PLACEMENT PROBLEM Muhammad Uddin, Anthony Kuh and Aleksandar Kavcic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NESTED BOUNDS FOR THE CONSTRAINED SENSOR PLACEMENT PROBLEM Muhammad Uddin, Anthony Kuh solution is a fundamental task. In this paper we present a family of nested bounds using matrix pencils so- lutions. Thereby, we significantly extend our prior work in [8] by presenting nested bounds

Kavcic, Aleksandar

214

LOWER BOUNDS ON THE GLOBAL MINIMUM OF A M. GHASEMI, J.B. LASSERRE, M. MARSHALL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOWER BOUNDS ON THE GLOBAL MINIMUM OF A POLYNOMIAL M. GHASEMI, J.B. LASSERRE, M. MARSHALL Abstract. We extend the method of Ghasemi and Marshall [SIAM. J. Opt. 22(2) (2012), pp 460-473], to obtain compare this bound with the (global) lower bound fgp ob- tained by Ghasemi and Marshall, and also

Marshall, Murray

215

Fast concurrent array-based stacks, queues and deques using fetch-and-increment-bounded, fetch-and-decrement-bounded and store-on-twin synchronization primitives  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Implementation primitives for concurrent array-based stacks, queues, double-ended queues (deques) and wrapped deques are provided. In one aspect, each element of the stack, queue, deque or wrapped deque data structure has its own ticket lock, allowing multiple threads to concurrently use multiple elements of the data structure and thus achieving high performance. In another aspect, new synchronization primitives FetchAndIncrementBounded (Counter, Bound) and FetchAndDecrementBounded (Counter, Bound) are implemented. These primitives can be implemented in hardware and thus promise a very fast throughput for queues, stacks and double-ended queues.

Chen, Dong; Gara, Alana; Heidelberger, Philip; Kumar, Sameer; Ohmacht, Martin; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Wisniewski, Robert

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

216

Decay dynamics of nascent acetonitrile and nitromethane dipole-bound anions produced by intracluster charge-transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Decay dynamics of nascent acetonitrile and nitromethane dipole-bound anions produced (2014) Decay dynamics of nascent acetonitrile and nitromethane dipole-bound anions produced 2014; published online 13 May 2014) Decay dynamics of nascent dipole bound states of acetonitrile

Neumark, Daniel M.

217

Entangled webs: Tight bound for symmetric sharing of entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum entanglement cannot be unlimitedly shared among arbitrary number of qubits. Larger the number of entangled pairs in an N-qubit system, smaller the degree of bi-partite entanglement is. We analyze a system of N qubits in which an arbitrary pair of particles is entangled. We show that the maximum degree of entanglement (measured in the concurrence) between any pair of qubits is 2/N. This tight bound can be achieved when the qubits are prepared in a pure symmetric (with respect to permutations) state with just one qubit in the basis state |0> and the others in the basis state |1>.

Masato Koashi; Vladimir Buzek; Nobuyuki Imoto

2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

218

Probing light polarization with the quantum Chernoff bound  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We recall the framework of a consistent quantum description of polarization of light. Accordingly, the degree of polarization of a two-mode state {rho} of the quantum radiation field can be defined as a distance of a related state {rho}{sub b} to the convex set of all SU(2)-invariant two-mode states. We explore a distance-type polarization measure in terms of the quantum Chernoff bound and derive its explicit expression. A comparison between the Chernoff and Bures degrees of polarization leads to interesting conclusions for some particular states chosen as illustrative examples.

Ghiu, Iulia; Marian, Tudor A. [Centre for Advanced Quantum Physics, Department of Physics, University of Bucharest, P.O. Box MG-11, R-077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Bjoerk, Gunnar [School of Information and Communication Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Electrum 229, SE-164 40 Kista (Sweden); Marian, Paulina [Centre for Advanced Quantum Physics, Department of Physics, University of Bucharest, P.O. Box MG-11, R-077125 Bucharest-Magurele (Romania); Department of Chemistry, University of Bucharest, Boulevard Regina Elisabeta 4-12, R-030018 Bucharest (Romania)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Is there a bound dineutron in {sup 11}Li?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photodisintegration of {sup 11}Li was accomplished by sending a beam of {sup 11}Li at 28 MeV/nucleon through the equivalent photon field of a lead target. By measuring the complete kinematics of the disintegration products, {sup 9}Li+{ital n}+{ital n}, we constructed the correlation of the angle between the two neutrons in the rest frame of the {sup 11}Li. The correlation is independent of angle. This result argues against the existence of a bound dineutron in the ground state of {sup 11}Li. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Ieki, K.; Galonsky, A.; Sackett, D.; Kruse, J.J.; Lynch, W.G.; Morrissey, D.J.; Orr, N.A.; Sherrill, B.M.; Winger, J.A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)] [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Deak, F.; Horvath, A.; Kiss, A. [Department of Atomic Physics, Eoetvoes University, Puskin utca 5-7, H-1088 Budapest 8 (Hungary)] [Department of Atomic Physics, Eoetvoes University, Puskin utca 5-7, H-1088 Budapest 8 (Hungary); Seres, Z. [Central Research Institute for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary)] [Central Research Institute for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary); Kolata, J.J. [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Warner, R.E. [Department of Physics, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074 (United States); Humphrey, D.L. [Department of Physics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Exit Doorway Model for Nuclear Breakup of Weakly Bound Projectiles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive closed expressions for the nuclear breakup cross sections in the adiabatic limit using the Austern-Blair theory. These expressions are appropriate for the breakup of weakly bound nuclei. The concept of an exit doorway that mediates the coupling between the entrance channel and the breakup continuum is used. We prove the validity of the scaling law that dictates that the nuclear breakup cross section scales linearly with the radius of the target. We also compare our results for the nuclear breakup cross section of $^{11}$Be, $^8$B on several targets with recent CDCC calculation.

M. S. Hussein; R. Lichtenthaler

2007-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Effect of transverse current on Andreev bound state  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a superconductor-normal-superconductor (SNS) structure, the effect of transverse current across the normal part on the transport through Andreev bound states (ABSs) has been examined. Here a ballistic InAs two-dimensional electron system (2DES) is used as the N-layer to form ABSs. At the same time the 2DES has strong spin-orbit interaction, hence there should emerge the spin-Hall effect associated with the transverse current. We have observed strong reduction of characteristic oscillation in the conductance versus bias voltage, which may be attributed to spin polarization due to the spin-Hall effect.

Takahashi, Y.; Hashimoto, Y.; Yun, D. H.; Kim, S. W.; Nakamura, T.; Iye, Y.; Katsumoto, S. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha, 277-8581 Chiba (Japan)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

222

How quantum bound states bounce and the structure it reveals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate how quantum bound states bounce from a hard surface. Our analysis has applications to ab initio calculations of nuclear structure and elastic deformation, energy levels of excitons in semiconductor quantum dots and wells, and cold atomic few-body systems on optical lattices with sharp boundaries. We develop the general theory of elastic reflection for a composite body from a hard wall. On the numerical side we present ab initio calculations for the compression of alpha particles and universal results for two-body states. On the analytical side we derive a universal effective potential that gives the reflection scattering length for shallow two-body states.

Dean Lee; Michelle Pine

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Radiative corrections in fermion bags bound by Higgs boson exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiative corrections for several heavy fermions bound together via the Higgs boson exchange are studied. The fermion bags considered include 12, or fewer, fermions occupying the lowest S_{1/2} shell. It is shown that for `moderately heavy' fermions with masses 0.4< m c^2< 1 TeV the radiative corrections are small, 10^{-2}, and have an attractive nature. Therefore they do not put existence of the fermion bag in doubt. This proves that these fermion bags can exist in nature.

M. Yu. Kuchiev; V. V. Flambaum

2011-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

224

Studies on the bound-state spectrum of hyperbolic potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bound states of hyperbolic potential is investigated by means of a generalized pseudospectral method. Significantly improved eigenvalues, eigenfunctions are obtained efficiently for arbitrary $n, \\ell$ quantum states by solving the relevant non-relativistic Schr\\"odinger equation allowing a non-uniform, optimal spatial discretization. Eigenvalues accurate up to tenth decimal place are reported for a large range of potential parameters; thus covering a wide range of interaction. Excellent agreement with available literature results is observed in all occasions. Special attention is paid for higher states. Some new states are given. Energy variations with respect to parameters in the potential are studied in considerable detail for the first time.

Amlan K. Roy

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

225

Groups generated by bounded automata and their schreier graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on levels of automaton groups can be constructed by an iterative procedure of inflation of graphs. This was used to associate a piecewise linear map of the form fK(v) = minA?KAv, where K is a finite set of nonnegative matrices, with every bounded automaton... and minimal growth of the components of f(n)K (v). We prove that the growth exponent of diameters of the Schreier graphs is equal to ?max and the orbital contracting coefficient of the group is equal to 1? min . We prove that the simple random walks on orbital...

Bondarenko, Ievgen

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

226

Bound Brook, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Area Solar Energy Association JumpOpen EnergyBound Brook, New

227

Property:BoundingCoordinatesSW | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformationInyo County, California | Open EnergyAuthor JumpBoundingCoordinatesSW Jump to:

228

K{sup -}pp bound states from Skyrmions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bound kaon approach to the strangeness in the Skyrme model is applied to investigating the possibility of deeply bound K{sup -}pp states. We describe the K{sup -}pp system as two Skyrmion, around which a kaon field fluctuates. Each Skyrmion is rotated in the space of SU(2) collective coordinate. The rotational motions are quantized to be projected onto the spin-singlet proton-proton state. We derive the equation of motion for the kaon in the background field of two Skyrmions at fixed positions. From the numerical solution of the equation of motion, it is found that the energy of K{sup -} can be considerably small and that the distribution of K{sup -} shows molecular nature of the K{sup -}pp system. For this deep binding, the Wess-Zumino-Witten term plays an important role. The total energy of the K{sup -}pp system is estimated in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. The binding energy of the K{sup -}pp state is B.E. {approx_equal}126 MeV. The mean square radius of the pp subsystem is {radical}(){approx_equal}1.6 fm.

Nishikawa, Tetsuo; Kondo, Yoshihiko [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1, Oh-Okayama, Meguro, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan); Kokugakuin University, Higashi, Shibuya, Tokyo 150-8440 (Japan)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

229

The optimal bound of quantum erasure with limited means  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In practical applications of quantum information science, quantum systems can have non-negligible interactions with the environment, and this generally degrades the power of quantum protocols as it introduces noise. Counteracting this by appropriately measuring the environment (and therefore projecting its state) would require access all the necessary degrees of freedom, which in practice can be far too hard to achieve. To better understand one's limitations, we calculate the upper bound of optimal quantum erasure (i.e. the highest recoverable visibility, or "coherence"), when erasure is realistically limited to an accessible subspace of the whole environment. In the particular case of a two-dimensional accessible environment, the bound is given by the sub-fidelity of two particular states of the \\emph{inaccessible} environment, which opens a new window into understanding the connection between correlated systems. We also provide an analytical solution for a three-dimensional accessible environment. This result provides also an interesting operational interpretation of sub-fidelity. We end with a statistical analysis of the expected visibility of an optimally erased random state and we find that 1) if one picks a random pure state of 2 qubits, there is an optimal measurement that allows one to distill a 1-qubit state with almost 90\\% visibility and 2) if one picks a random pure state of 2 qubits in an inaccessible environment, there is an optimal measurement that allows one to distill a 1-qubit state with almost twice its initial visibility.

Filippo M. Miatto; Kevin Pich; Thomas Brougham; Robert W. Boyd

2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

230

On the dimension of subspaces with bounded Schmidt rank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the question of how large a subspace of a given bipartite quantum system can be when the subspace contains only highly entangled states. This is motivated in part by results of Hayden et al., which show that in large d x d--dimensional systems there exist random subspaces of dimension almost d^2, all of whose states have entropy of entanglement at least log d - O(1). It is also related to results due to Parthasarathy on the dimension of completely entangled subspaces, which have connections with the construction of unextendible product bases. Here we take as entanglement measure the Schmidt rank, and determine, for every pair of local dimensions dA and dB, and every r, the largest dimension of a subspace consisting only of entangled states of Schmidt rank r or larger. This exact answer is a significant improvement on the best bounds that can be obtained using random subspace techniques. We also determine the converse: the largest dimension of a subspace with an upper bound on the Schmidt rank. Finally, we discuss the question of subspaces containing only states with Schmidt equal to r.

T. S. Cubitt; A. Montanaro; A. Winter

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

231

Bound for entropy and viscosity ratio for strange quark matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High energy density ($\\eps$) and temperature (T) links general relativity and hydrodynamics leading to a lower bound for the ratio of shear viscosity ($\\eta$) and entropy density ($s$). We get the interesting result that the bound is saturated in the simple model for quark matter that we use for strange stars at the surface for $T \\sim 80 MeV$. At this $T$ we have the possibility of cosmic separation of phases. At the surface of the star where the pressure is zero - the density $\\eps$ has a fixed value for all stars of various masses with correspondingly varying central energy density $\\eps_c$. Inside the star where this density is higher, the ratio of $\\eta/s$ is larger and are like the known results found for perturbative QCD. This serves as a check of our calculation. The deconfined quarks at the surface of the strange star at $T = 80 MeV$ seem to constitute the most perfect interacting fluid permitted by nature.

Manjari Bagchi; Jishnu Dey; Mira Dey; Taparati Gangopadhyay; Sibasish Laha; Subharthi Ray; Monika Sinha

2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

232

A Mass Bound for Spherically Symmetric Black Hole Spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Requiring that the matter fields are subject to the dominant energy condition, we establish the lower bound $(4\\pi)^{-1} \\kappa {\\cal A}$ for the total mass $M$ of a static, spherically symmetric black hole spacetime. (${\\cal A}$ and $\\kappa$ denote the area and the surface gravity of the horizon, respectively.) Together with the fact that the Komar integral provides a simple relation between $M - (4\\pi)^{-1} \\kappa A$ and the strong energy condition, this enables us to prove that the Schwarzschild metric represents the only static, spherically symmetric black hole solution of a selfgravitating matter model satisfying the dominant, but violating the strong energy condition for the timelike Killing field $K$ at every point, that is, $R(K,K) \\leq 0$. Applying this result to scalar fields, we recover the fact that the only black hole configuration of the spherically symmetric Einstein-Higgs model with arbitrary non-negative potential is the Schwarzschild spacetime with constant Higgs field. In the presence of electromagnetic fields, we also derive a stronger bound for the total mass, involving the electromagnetic potentials and charges. Again, this estimate provides a simple tool to prove a ``no-hair'' theorem for matter fields violating the strong energy condition.

M. Heusler

1994-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

233

Synthesis and application of new polymer bound catalysts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nitric acid has been shown to be a weak acid in acetonitrile. It is conceivable that a nitrate salt of a weakly Lewis acidic cation could furnish a ''naked'' nitrate anion as a basic catalyst in a variety of reactions in non-aqueous solvents. Such a nitrate salt could also be bound to a polymeric support via the cation, thereby allowing for reclamation and recycling of the nitrate ion. This subject is dealt with in Chapter 2, wherein my contributions consisted of performing all the reactions with the polymer supported catalyst and carrying out the experiments necessary to shed light on the reaction mechanisms. Chapter 3 contains a description of the structure and catalytic properties of an azidoproazaphosphatrane. This compound is an air-stable versatile catalyst that has proven useful not only homogeneously, but also when bound to a solid support. The synthesis of a polymer bound proazaphosphatrane containing a trivalent phosphorus is presented in Chapter 4. Such a compound has been sought after by our group for a number of years. Not only does the synthesis I have accomplished for it allow for easier separation of proazaphosphatrane catalysts from reaction mixtures, but recycling of the base is made much simpler. Proazaphosphatranes are useful homogeneous catalysts that activate atoms in other reagents, thus enhancing their reactivity. The next chapters deal with two such reactions with aldehydes and ketones, namely silylcyanations with trialkylsilylcyanides (Chapters 5 and 6) and reductions with poly(methylhydrosiloxane), in Chapter 7. In Chapter 5, Zhigang Wang performed the initial optimization and scoping of the reaction, while repetitions of the scoping experiments for reproducibility, determination of diastereomeric ratios, and experiments aimed at elucidating aspects of the mechanism were performed by me. The proazaphosphatrane coordinates to the silicon atom in both cases, thereby allowing the aforementioned reactions to proceed under much milder conditions. Proazaphosphatranes are also effective Broensted-Lowry bases. This is illustrated in Chapter 8 wherein a wide variety of conjugate addition reactions are catalyzed by proazaphosphatranes. In that chapter, repetitions of the nitroalkane addition reactions for reproducibility, improved spectral data for the products and comparisons of literature yields of all reactions were performed by the author.

Fetterly, Brandon Michael

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Turbulent patterns in wall-bounded flows: a Turing instability?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In their way to/from turbulence, plane wall-bounded flows display an interesting transitional regime where laminar and turbulent oblique bands alternate, the origin of which is still mysterious. In line with Barkley's recent work about the pipe flow transition involving reaction-diffusion concepts, we consider plane Couette flow in the same perspective and transform Waleffe's classical four-variable model of self-sustaining process into a reaction-diffusion model. We show that, upon fulfillment of a condition on the relative diffusivities of its variables, the featureless turbulent regime becomes unstable against patterning as the result of a Turing instability. A reduced two-variable model helps us to delineate the appropriate region of parameter space. An {\\it intrinsic} status is therefore given to the pattern's wavelength for the first time. Virtues and limitations of the model are discussed, calling for a microscopic support of the phenomenological approach.

Manneville, Paul

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Photophysical properties of pyrene covalently bound to polyelectrolytes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Copolymers of methacrylic acid, acrylic acid, and poly(styrenesulfonate) have been prepared with small mole fractions of 1-vinylpyrene. The fluorescence properties and quenching efficiencies in water have been measured for high and low pH with methylviologen, sulfonated propylmethylviologen, and a neutral zwitterionic viologen. It has been found that static (or contact) quenching plays a significant role. Formation of a pyrene-viologen charge-transfer complex was observed at high and low pH. Charge separation following redox quenching does not occur for the viologens, unlike the analogous vinyldiphenylanthracene polymers. The absence of charge separation is tentatively ascribed to the formation of a relatively tightly bound complex during the quenching event.

Stramel, R.D.; Nguyen, C.; Webber, S.E.; Rodgers, M.A.J.

1988-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

236

Photochemical energy conversion by membrane-bound photoredox systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most of our effort during the past grant period has been directed towards investigating electron transfer processes involving redox proteins at lipid bilayer/aqueous interfaces. This theme, as was noted in our previous three year renewal proposal, is consistent with our goal of developing biomimetic solar energy conversion systems which utilize the unique properties of biological electron transfer molecules. Thus, small redox proteins such as cytochrome c, plastocyanin and ferredoxin function is biological photosynthesis as mediators of electron flow between the photochemical systems localized in the membrane, and more complex soluble or membrane-bound redox proteins which are designed to carry out specific biological tasks such as transbilayer proton gradient formation, dinitrogen fixation, ATP synthesis, dihydrogen synthesis, generation of strong reductants, etc. In these studies, we have utilized two principal experimental techniques, laser flash photolysis and cyclic voltammetry, both of which permit direct measurements of electron transfer processes.

Tollin, G.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Asymptotically Optimal Lower Bounds on the NIH-Multi-Party Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we prove an asymptotically optimal lower bound on the information complexity of the k-party disjointness function with the unique intersection promise, an important special case of the well known disjointness problem, and the ANDk-function in the number in the hand model. Our (n/k) bound for disjointness improves on an earlier (n/(k log k)) bound by Chakrabarti et al. (2003), who obtained an asymptotically tight lower bound for one-way protocols, but failed to do so for the general case. Our result eliminates both the gap between the upper and the lower bound for unrestricted protocols and the gap between the lower bounds for one-way protocols and unrestricted protocols.

Gronemeier, Andr

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Infrared bound and mean-field behaviour in the quantum Ising model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove an infrared bound for the transverse field Ising model. This bound is stronger than the previously known infrared bound for the model, and allows us to investigate mean-field behaviour. As an application we show that the critical exponent $\\gamma$ for the susceptibility attains its mean-field value $\\gamma=1$ in dimension at least 4 (positive temperature), respectively 3 (ground state), with logarithmic corrections in the boundary cases.

Jakob E. Bjrnberg

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

239

Worstcase time bounds for MAXkSAT w.r.t. the number of variables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Worst­case time bounds for MAX­k­SAT w.r.t. the number of variables using local search #3; EDWARD A­trivial upper bounds w.r.t. the number of variables were known for MAX­SAT and MAX­2­SAT. An a for the exact solution of MAX­k­SAT / MAX­SAT. However, the exponential­time bounds obtained in this way are w.r

Hirsch, Edward A.

240

Improvement of Kalai-Kleitman bound for the diameter of a polyhedron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 18, 2014 ... believe that by refining the analysis of the Kalai-Kleitman inequality (1), a better bound for the diameter of the polyhedron could be obtained.

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

On the Electric Dipole Polarizability of the Three-Hadron Bound System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple analytical expression for the electric dipole polarizability of the three-hadron bound system having only one stable bound state has been derived neglecting by the higher orbital components of the off-shell three-body transition matrix at the energy of the bound state. As a case in point, we have estimated the electric dipole polarizability of the triton, using a cluster triton wave function and the Hulthen potential to describe the related p-n and n-d bound states.

V. F. Kharchenko; A. V. Kharchenko

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

242

A branch and bound algorithm for the global optimization of Hessian ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nov 1, 2011 ... algorithm when the cubic lower bound is rather crude. ...... Goldstein-Price .... 12th European Conference on the Mathematics of Oil Recovery,...

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

243

Bounds on the stability number of a graph via the inverse theta ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

present some applications in the stable set problem, bounds on the cardinality ..... Using the arithmetic mean-harmonic mean inequality, it is easy to show that.

2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

244

On the bound state of the antiproton-deuterium-tritium ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown that the ground state in the Coulomb three-body $\\bar{p}dt$ ion is bound. This ion consists of the positevely charged deuterium $d$ and tritum $t$ nuclei and one negatively charged antirpoton $\\bar{p}$. The $\\bar{p}dt$ ion has only one bound $S(L = 0)-$state which is weakly-bound. The properties of this weakly-bound state are investigated with the use of the results of recent highly accurate computations. Very likely, the actual proparties of the $\\bar{p}dt$ ion will be different from the results of our predictions due to additional contributions from strong interactions between particles.

Frolov, Alexei M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Entropy bound for a charged object from the Kerr-Newman black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive again the upper entropy bound for a charged object by employing thermodynamics of the Kerr-Newman black hole linearised with respect to its electric charge

B. Linet

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

246

Bounds on strong field magneto-transport in three-dimensional composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper deals with bounds satisfied by the effective non-symmetric conductivity of three-dimensional composites in the presence of a strong magnetic field. On the one hand, it is shown that for general composites the antisymmetric part of the effective conductivity cannot be bounded solely in terms of the antisymmetric part of the local conductivity, contrary to the columnar case. So, a suitable rank-two laminate the conductivity of which has a bounded antisymmetric part together with a high-contrast symmetric part, may generate an arbitrarily large antisymmetric part of the effective conductivity. On the other hand, bounds are provided which show that the antisymmetric part of the effective conductivity must go to zero if the upper bound on the antisymmetric part of the local conductivity goes to zero, and the symmetric part of the local conductivity remains bounded below and above. Elementary bounds on the effective moduli are derived assuming the local conductivity and effective conductivity have transverse isotropy in the plane orthogonal to the magnetic field. New Hashin-Shtrikman type bounds for two-phase three-dimensional composites with a non-symmetric conductivity are provided under geometric isotropy of the microstructure. The derivation of the bounds is based on a particular variational principle symmetrizing the problem, and the use of Y-tensors involving the averages of the fields in each phase.

Marc Briane; Graeme W. Milton

2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

247

E-Print Network 3.0 - andreev bound states Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the role of Andreev bound states and the quasiparticle continuum in the transition to a junction... the dynamics of a two-level ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de...

248

Machine Learning to Balance the Load in Parallel Branch-and-Bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

iments: with and without communications. In the case where communications are allowed, their sole purpose is to render the best primal bound available...

2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

E-Print Network 3.0 - atom bound states Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface atoms can... to the very weakly bound surface atoms. In fact, boiling 12 and sublimation 13 have been observed... distribution of atoms in ... Source: Kim, Sehun -...

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - analyses bounding environmental Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

points for reducing... provides the inputs and outputs of a bounded system, whereas LCA attempts to quantify the environmental... 18 BioProcess International April 2009...

251

Radio recombination lines from the largest bound atoms in space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we report the detection of a series of radio recombination lines (RRLs) in absorption near 26 MHz arising from the largest bound carbon atoms detected in space. These atoms, which are more than a million times larger than the ground state atoms are undergoing delta transitions (n~1009, Delta n=4) in the cool tenuous medium located in the Perseus arm in front of the supernova remnant, Cassiopeia A. Theoretical estimates had shown that atoms which recombined in tenuous media are stable up to quantum levels n~1500. Our data indicates that we have detected radiation from atoms in states very close to this theoretical limit. We also report high signal-to-noise detections of alpha, beta and gamma transitions in carbon atoms arising in the same clouds. In these data, we find that the increase in line widths with quantum number (proportional to n^5) due to pressure and radiation broadening of lines is much gentler than expected from existing models which assume a power law background radiation field. This discrepancy had also been noted earlier. The model line widths had been overestimated since the turnover in radiation field of Cassiopeia A at low frequencies had been ignored. In this paper, we show that, once the spectral turnover is included in the modeling, the slower increase in line width with quantum number is naturally explained.

S. V. Stepkin; A. A. Konovalenko; N. G. Kantharia; N. Udaya Shankar

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

252

Topological modes bound to dislocations in mechanical metamaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical metamaterials are artificial structures with unusual properties, such as negative Poisson ratio, bistability or tunable vibrational properties, that originate in the geometry of their unit cell. At the heart of such unusual behaviour is often a soft mode: a motion that does not significantly stretch or compress the links between constituent elements. When activated by motors or external fields, soft modes become the building blocks of robots and smart materials. Here, we demonstrate the existence of topological soft modes that can be positioned at desired locations in a metamaterial while being robust against a wide range of structural deformations or changes in material parameters. These protected modes, localized at dislocations, are the mechanical analogue of topological states bound to defects in electronic systems. We create physical realizations of the topological modes in prototypes of kagome lattices built out of rigid triangular plates. We show mathematically that they originate from the interplay between two Berry phases: the Burgers vector of the dislocation and the topological polarization of the lattice. Our work paves the way towards engineering topologically protected nano-mechanical structures for molecular robotics or information storage and read-out.

Jayson Paulose; Bryan Gin-ge Chen; Vincenzo Vitelli

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

253

Finite Energy and Bounded Attacks on Control System Sensor Signals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Control system networks are increasingly being connected to enterprise level networks. These connections leave critical industrial controls systems vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Most of the effort in protecting these cyber-physical systems (CPS) has been in securing the networks using information security techniques and protection and reliability concerns at the control system level against random hardware and software failures. However, besides these failures the inability of information security techniques to protect against all intrusions means that the control system must be resilient to various signal attacks for which new analysis and detection methods need to be developed. In this paper, sensor signal attacks are analyzed for observer-based controlled systems. The threat surface for sensor signal attacks is subdivided into denial of service, finite energy, and bounded attacks. In particular, the error signals between states of attack free systems and systems subject to these attacks are quantified. Optimal sensor and actuator signal attacks for the finite and infinite horizon linear quadratic (LQ) control in terms of maximizing the corresponding cost functions are computed. The closed-loop system under optimal signal attacks are provided. Illustrative numerical examples are provided together with an application to a power network with distributed LQ controllers.

Djouadi, Seddik M [ORNL; Melin, Alexander M [ORNL; Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL; Laska, Jason A [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Three-nucleon problem: trinucleon bound states and trinucleon interactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The assumptions underlying the formulation and solution of the Schroedinger equation for three nucleons in configuration space are reviewed, in conjunction with those qualitative aspects of the two-nucleon problem which are important. The geometrical features of the problem and the crucial role of the angular momentum barrier are developed. The boundary conditions for scattering are discussed qualitatively, and the Faddeev-Noyes equation is motivated. The method of splines and orthogonal collocation are shown to provide convenient techniques for generating numerical solutions. Properties of the many numerical solutions for the bound states and zero-energy scattering states are discussed. The evidence for three-body forces is reviewed, and the results of the recent calculations including such forces are discussed. The importance of electromagnetic interactions in the three-nucleon systems is motivated. Relativistic corrections and meson-exchange currents are discussed in the context of ''rules of scale'', and the pion-exchange currents of nonrelativistic order are derived. The experimental results for trinucleon electromagnetic interactions are reviewed, including recent tritium data. Conclusions are presented. 56 refs., 23 figs.

Friar, J.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Release of fuel-bound nitrogen during biomass gasification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gasification of four biomass feedstocks (leucaena, sawdust, bagasse, and banagrass) with significantly different fuel-bound nitrogen (FBN) content was investigated to determine the effects of operational parameters and nitrogen content of biomass on the partitioning of FBN among nitrogenous gas species. Experiments were performed using a bench-scale, indirectly heated, fluidized-bed gasifier. Data were obtained over a range of temperatures and equivalence ratios representative of commercial biomass gasification processes. An assay of all major nitrogenous components in the gasification products was performed for the first time, providing a clear accounting of the evolution of FBN. Important findings of this research include the following: (1) NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2} are the dominant species evolved from fuel nitrogen during biomass gasification; >90% of FBN in feedstock is converted to NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2}; (2) relative levels of NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2} are determined by thermochemical reactions in the gasifier; these reactions are affected strongly by temperature; (3) N{sub 2} appears to be primarily produced through the conversion of NH{sub 3} in the gas phase; (4) the structural formula and content of fuel nitrogen in biomass feedstock significantly affect the formation and evolution of nitrogen species during biomass gasification.

Zhou, J.; Masutani, S.M.; Ishimura, D.M.; Turn, S.Q.; Kinoshita, C.M.

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Bound States for Nano-Tubes with a Dislocation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a model for an interface in solid state physics, we consider two real-valued potentials $V^{(1)}$ and $V^{(2)}$ on the cylinder or tube $S=\\mathbb R \\times (\\mathbb R/\\mathbb Z)$ where we assume that there exists an interval $(a_0,b_0)$ which is free of spectrum of $-\\Delta+V^{(k)}$ for $k=1,2$. We are then interested in the spectrum of $H_t = -\\Delta + V_t$, for $t \\in \\mathbb R$, where $V_t(x,y) = V^{(1)}(x,y)$, for $x > 0$, and $V_t(x,y) = V^{(2)}(x+t,y)$, for $x < 0$. While the essential spectrum of $H_t$ is independent of $t$, we show that discrete spectrum, related to the interface at $x = 0$, is created in the interval $(a_0, b_0)$ at suitable values of the parameter $t$, provided $-\\Delta + V^{(2)}$ has some essential spectrum in $(-\\infty, a_0]$. We do not require $V^{(1)}$ or $V^{(2)}$ to be periodic. We furthermore show that the discrete eigenvalues of $H_t$ are Lipschitz continuous functions of $t$ if the potential $V^{(2)}$ is locally of bounded variation.

Rainer Hempel; Martin Kohlmann; Marko Stautz; Jrgen Voigt

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

257

Lower-Bound Estimation for Multi-Bitwidth Scheduling Junjuan Xu*+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the design space more efficiently, lower-bound estimation of resources, as well as performance, has been][3][4][7][8][9][10]. Since the area cost of resources is directly related to the bitwidth configuration, the objectiveLower-Bound Estimation for Multi-Bitwidth Scheduling Junjuan Xu*+ , Jason Cong+ , Xu Cheng

Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

258

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks Juan Alonso1 , Adam. Energy is one of the most important resources in wireless sensor networks. We use an idealized mathematical model to study the impact of routing on energy consumption. We find explicit bounds on the minimal

Voigt, Thiemo

259

Bounds on the Bethe Free Energy for Gaussian Networks Botond Cseke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Bethe Free Energy for Gaussian Networks Botond Cseke Faculty of Science Radboud Bethe free energy in terms of the moment parameters of the approximate marginals and derive an upper): even when the Bethe free energy is not bounded from below, it can possess a local minimum to which

Edinburgh, University of

260

Context-Bounded Model Checking of LTL Properties for ANSI-C Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context-Bounded Model Checking of LTL Properties for ANSI-C Software Jeremy Morse1 , Lucas Cordeiro in low-level programming languages like ANSI- C. In this paper, we describe and experiment such as ANSI-C [9, 23, 17]. In context-bounded model checking, the state spaces of such applications

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro University to the verification of embedded soft- ware written in ANSI-C. We have extended the encodings from previous SMT. Keywords-Bounded Model Checking; Satisfiability Modulo Theories; Embedded ANSI-C Software; I. INTRODUCTION

262

Non-marginally bound inhomogeneous dust collapse in higher dimensional space-time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the occurrence and nature of a naked singularity in the gravitational collapse of an inhomogeneous dust cloud described by a self-similar higher dimensional Tolman-Bondi space-time. Bound, marginally bound and unbound space-times are analyzed. The degree of inhomogeneity of the collapsing matter necessary to form a naked singularity is given.

S. G. Ghosh; A. Banerjee

2002-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

263

Entropy bound of a charged object and electrostatic self-energy in black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Without pretending to any rigour, we find a general expression of the electrostatic self-energy in static black holes with spherical symmetry. We determine the entropy bound of a charged object by assuming the existence of thermodynamics for these black holes. By combining these two results, we show that the entropy bound does not depend on the considered black hole.

B. Linet

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

264

An alternative energy bound derivation for a generalized Hasegawa-Mima equation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An alternative energy bound derivation for a generalized Hasegawa-Mima equation Jared C. Bronski Razvan Fetecau December 28, 2011 Abstract We present an alternative derivation of the H1 -boundedness function technique similar to the one used for constructing energy bounds for the Kuramoto

Fetecau, Razvan C.

265

4. The Bounded Re-transmission Protocol Jean-Raymond Abrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 - The Bounded Re-transmission Protocol is a file transfer protocol - This is a problem dealing to handle that problem: timers. - We would like to see how we can formalize such timers #12;The Bounded. #12;Abortion of Protocol at the Sender Site 6 - The Sender can re-transmit the same data at most M

Southampton, University of

266

6. The Bounded Re-transmission Protocol Jean-Raymond Abrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- The Bounded Re-transmission Protocol is a file transfer protocol - This is a problem dealing with fault that problem: timers. - We would like to see how we can formalize such timers #12;The Bounded Retransmission that the Receiver does not confuse (?) a new data with a retransmitted one. #12;Abortion of Protocol at the Sender

Southampton, University of

267

A Branch and Bound Algorithm for the Protein Folding Problem in the HP Lattice Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Article A Branch and Bound Algorithm for the Protein Folding Problem in the HP Lattice Model Mao tool for the protein folding problem. Key words: protein folding, HP model, branch and bound, lattice Introduction The protein folding problem, or the protein struc- ture prediction problem, is one of the most

Istrail, Sorin

268

Tight Bounds for Influence in Diffusion Networks and Application to Bond Percolation and Epidemiology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we derive theoretical bounds for the long-term influence of a node in an Independent Cascade Model (ICM). We relate these bounds to the spectral radius of a particular matrix and show that the behavior is sub-critical when this spectral radius is lower than $1$. More specifically, we point out that, in general networks, the sub-critical regime behaves in $O(\\sqrt{n})$ where $n$ is the size of the network, and that this upper bound is met for star-shaped networks. We apply our results to epidemiology and percolation on arbitrary networks, and derive a bound for the critical value beyond which a giant connected component arises. Finally, we show empirically the tightness of our bounds for a large family of networks.

Lemonnier, Remi; Vayatis, Nicolas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Constraining a fourth generation of quarks: non-perturbative Higgs boson mass bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a non-perturbative determination of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds with a heavy fourth generation of quarks from numerical lattice computations in a chirally symmetric Higgs-Yukawa model. We find that the upper bound only moderately rises with the quark mass while the lower bound increases significantly, providing additional constraints on the existence of a straight-forward fourth quark generation. We examine the stability of the lower bound under the addition of a higher dimensional operator to the scalar field potential using perturbation theory, demonstrating that it is not significantly altered for small values of the coupling of this operator. For a Higgs boson mass of $\\sim125\\mathrm{GeV}$ we find that the maximum value of the fourth generation quark mass is $\\sim300\\mathrm{GeV}$, which is already in conflict with bounds from direct searches.

John Bulava; Karl Jansen; Attila Nagy

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

270

Bounding Radionuclide Inventory and Accident Consequence Calculation for the 1L Target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A bounding radionuclide inventory for the tungsten of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) IL Target is calculated. Based on the bounding inventory, the dose resulting from the maximum credible incident (MCI) is calculated for the maximally exposed offsite individual (MEOl). The design basis accident involves tungsten target oxidation following a loss of cooling accident. Also calculated for the bounding radionuclide inventory is the ratio to the LANSCE inventory threshold for purposes of inventory control as described in the target inventory control policy. A bounding radionuclide inventory calculation for the lL Target was completed using the MCNPX and CINDER'90 codes. Continuous beam delivery at 200 {micro}A to 2500 mA{center_dot}h was assumed. The total calculated activity following this irradiation period is 205,000 Ci. The dose to the MEOI from the MCI is 213 mrem for the bounding inventory. The LANSCE inventory control threshold ratio is 132.

Kelsey, Charles T. IV [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Evaluating Bounds and Estimators for Constants of Random Polycrystals Composed of Orthotropic Elastic Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

While the well-known Voigt and Reuss (VR) bounds, and the Voigt-Reuss-Hill (VRH) elastic constant estimators for random polycrystals are all straightforwardly calculated once the elastic constants of anisotropic crystals are known, the Hashin-Shtrikman (HS) bounds and related self-consistent (SC) estimators for the same constants are, by comparison, more difficult to compute. Recent work has shown how to simplify (to some extent) these harder to compute HS bounds and SC estimators. An overview and analysis of a subsampling of these results is presented here with the main point being to show whether or not this extra work (i.e., in calculating both the HS bounds and the SC estimates) does provide added value since, in particular, the VRH estimators often do not fall within the HS bounds, while the SC estimators (for good reasons) have always been found to do so. The quantitative differences between the SC and the VRH estimators in the eight cases considered are often quite small however, being on the order of 1%. These quantitative results hold true even though these polycrystal Voigt-Reuss-Hill estimators more typically (but not always) fall outside the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds, while the self-consistent estimators always fall inside (or on the boundaries of) these same bounds.

Berryman, J.G.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Upper bounds on the error probabilities and asymptotic error exponents in quantum multiple state discrimination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the multiple hypothesis testing problem for symmetric quantum state discrimination between r given states ?{sub 1}, , ?{sub r}. By splitting up the overall test into multiple binary tests in various ways we obtain a number of upper bounds on the optimal error probability in terms of the binary error probabilities. These upper bounds allow us to deduce various bounds on the asymptotic error rate, for which it has been hypothesized that it is given by the multi-hypothesis quantum Chernoff bound (or Chernoff divergence) C(?{sub 1}, , ?{sub r}), as recently introduced by Nussbaum and Szko?a in analogy with Salikhov's classical multi-hypothesis Chernoff bound. This quantity is defined as the minimum of the pairwise binary Chernoff divergences min{sub jbound is actually achieved. It was known to be achieved, in particular, when the state pair that is closest together in Chernoff divergence is more than 6 times closer than the next closest pair. Our results improve on this in two ways. First, we show that the optimal asymptotic rate must lie between C/2 and C. Second, we show that the Chernoff bound is already achieved when the closest state pair is more than 2 times closer than the next closest pair. We also show that the Chernoff bound is achieved when at least r ? 2 of the states are pure, improving on a previous result by Nussbaum and Szko?a. Finally, we indicate a number of potential pathways along which a proof (or disproof) may eventually be found that the multi-hypothesis quantum Chernoff bound is always achieved.

Audenaert, Koenraad M. R., E-mail: koenraad.audenaert@rhul.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham TW20 0EX (United Kingdom); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Ghent, S9, Krijgslaan 281, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Mosonyi, Miln, E-mail: milan.mosonyi@gmail.com [Fsica Terica: Informaci i Fenomens Quntics, Universitat Autnoma de Barcelona, ES-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Mathematical Institute, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Egry Jzsef u 1., Budapest 1111 (Hungary)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

273

Identifying and bounding uncertainties in nuclear reactor thermal power calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Determination of the thermal power generated in the reactor core of a nuclear power plant is a critical element in the safe and economic operation of the plant. Direct measurement of the reactor core thermal power is made using neutron flux instrumentation; however, this instrumentation requires frequent calibration due to changes in the measured flux caused by fuel burn-up, flux pattern changes, and instrumentation drift. To calibrate the nuclear instruments, steam plant calorimetry, a process of performing a heat balance around the nuclear steam supply system, is used. There are four basic elements involved in the calculation of thermal power based on steam plant calorimetry: The mass flow of the feedwater from the power conversion system, the specific enthalpy of that feedwater, the specific enthalpy of the steam delivered to the power conversion system, and other cycle gains and losses. Of these elements, the accuracy of the feedwater mass flow and the feedwater enthalpy, as determined from its temperature and pressure, are typically the largest contributors to the calorimetric calculation uncertainty. Historically, plants have been required to include a margin of 2% in the calculation of the reactor thermal power for the licensed maximum plant output to account for instrumentation uncertainty. The margin is intended to ensure a cushion between operating power and the power for which safety analyses are performed. Use of approved chordal ultrasonic transit-time technology to make the feedwater flow and temperature measurements (in place of traditional differential-pressure- based instruments and resistance temperature detectors [RTDs]) allows for nuclear plant thermal power calculations accurate to 0.3%-0.4% of plant rated power. This improvement in measurement accuracy has allowed many plant operators in the U.S. and around the world to increase plant power output through Measurement Uncertainty Recapture (MUR) up-rates of up to 1.7% of rated power, while also decreasing the probability of significant over-power events. This paper will examine the basic elements involved in calculation of thermal power using ultrasonic transit-time technology and will discuss the criteria for bounding uncertainties associated with each element in order to achieve reactor thermal power calculations to within 0.3% to 0.4%. (authors)

Phillips, J.; Hauser, E.; Estrada, H. [Cameron, 1000 McClaren Woods Drive, Coraopolis, PA 15108 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Upper Higgs boson mass bounds from a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We establish the cutoff-dependent upper Higgs boson mass bound by means of direct lattice computations in the framework of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same chiral Yukawa coupling structure as in the Higgs-fermion sector of the Standard Model. As expected from the triviality picture of the Higgs sector, we observe the upper mass bound to decrease with rising cutoff parameter $\\Lambda$. Moreover, the strength of the fermionic contribution to the upper mass bound is explored by comparing to the corresponding analysis in the pure $\\Phi^4$-theory.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

275

Bound Nucleon Form Factors, Quark-Hadron Duality, and the Nuclear EMC Effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the electromagnetic form factors, axial form factors, and structure functions of a nucleon bound in the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model. Free space nucleon form factors are calculated using the improved cloudy bag model (ICBM). After describing finite nuclei and nuclear matter in the quark-based (EMC) model, the in-medium modification of the bound nucleon form factors is calculated in the same model. Finally, the bound nucleon structure function, F2, is extracted using the calculated in-medium electromagnetic form factors and Bloom-Gilman (quark-hadron) duality.

K. Tsushima; D.H. Lu; W. Melnitchouk; K. Saito; A.W. Thomas

2002-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

276

Tight bounds on the size of neural networks for classification problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper relies on the entropy of a data-set (i.e., number-of-bits) to prove tight bounds on the size of neural networks solving a classification problem. First, based on a sequence of geometrical steps, the authors constructively compute an upper bound of O(mn) on the number-of-bits for a given data-set - here m is the number of examples and n is the number of dimensions (i.e., R{sup n}). This result is used further in a nonconstructive way to bound the size of neural networks which correctly classify that data-set.

Beiu, V. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Pauw, T. de [Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium). Dept. de Mathematique

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Application of REDOR subtraction for filtered MAS observation of labeled backbone carbons of membrane-bound fusion peptides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in membrane-bound fusion peptides. In many biopolymeric systems in the solid state, it is important to filter

Weliky, David

278

A natural-norm Successive Constraint Method for inf-sup lower bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a new approach for the construction of lower bounds for the inf-sup stability constants required in a posteriori error analysis of reduced basis approximations to affinely parametrized partial differential ...

Huynh, D. B. P.

279

Accepted Manuscript Bound on vertical heat transport at large Prandtl number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the ratio of kinematic viscosity over thermal diffusivity, and the fluids occupy the (non this article as: X. Wang, Bound on vertical heat transport at large Prandtl number, Physica D (2007), doi:10

Wang, Xiaoming

280

Upper bound on the packing density of regular tetrahedra and octahedra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain an upper bound to the packing density of regular tetrahedra. The bound is obtained by showing the existence, in any packing of regular tetrahedra, of a set of disjoint spheres centered on tetrahedron edges, so that each sphere is not fully covered by the packing. The bound on the amount of space that is not covered in each sphere is obtained in a recursive way by building on the observation that non-overlapping regular tetrahedra cannot subtend a solid angle of $4\\pi$ around a point if this point lies on a tetrahedron edge. The proof can be readily modified to apply to other polyhedra with the same property. The resulting lower bound on the fraction of empty space in a packing of regular tetrahedra is $2.6\\ldots\\times 10^{-25}$ and reaches $1.4\\ldots\\times 10^{-12}$ for regular octahedra.

Gravel, Simon; Kallus, Yoav

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Upper bound on the packing density of regular tetrahedra and octahedra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain an upper bound to the packing density of regular tetrahedra. The bound is obtained by showing the existence, in any packing of regular tetrahedra, of a set of disjoint spheres centered on tetrahedron edges, so that each sphere is not fully covered by the packing. The bound on the amount of space that is not covered in each sphere is obtained in a recursive way by building on the observation that non-overlapping regular tetrahedra cannot subtend a solid angle of $4\\pi$ around a point if this point lies on a tetrahedron edge. The proof can be readily modified to apply to other polyhedra with the same property. The resulting lower bound on the fraction of empty space in a packing of regular tetrahedra is $2.6\\ldots\\times 10^{-25}$ and reaches $1.4\\ldots\\times 10^{-12}$ for regular octahedra.

Simon Gravel; Veit Elser; Yoav Kallus

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

282

Scattering and bound states of fermions in a mixed vectorscalar smooth step potential  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scattering of a fermion in the background of a smooth step potential is considered with a general mixing of vector and scalar Lorentz structures with the scalar coupling stronger than or equal to the vector coupling. Charge-conjugation and chiral-conjugation transformations are discussed and it is shown that a finite set of intrinsically relativistic bound-state solutions appears as poles of the transmission amplitude. It is also shown that those bound solutions disappear asymptotically as one approaches the conditions for the realization of the so-called spin and pseudospin symmetries in a four-dimensional spacetime. - Highlights: Scattering and bound states of fermions in a kink-like potential. No pair production despite the high localization. No bounded solution under exact spin and pseudospin symmetries.

Castilho, W.M., E-mail: castilho.w@gmail.com; Castro, A.S. de, E-mail: castro@pq.cnpq.br

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

283

RIGOROUS ANALYSIS OF DISCONTINUOUS PHASE TRANSITIONS VIA MEAN-FIELD BOUNDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assumption is that these models satisfy the condition of reflection positivity. We prove that whenever a discontinuous transition (which occurs near the mean-field transition temperature), provided the dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2. Infrared bound

284

Termination and complexity bounds for SAFE programs Salvador Lucas Ricardo Pe~na  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Termination and complexity bounds for SAFE programs Salvador Lucas Ricardo Pe~na Dep. de Sistemas partially supported by the EU (FEDER) and the Spanish MEC, under grant TIN 2004-7943- C04. Salvador Lucas

Lucas, Salvador

285

Optimized Live Heap Bound Analysis Leena Unnikrishnan Scott D. Stoller Yanhong A. Liu ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimized Live Heap Bound Analysis Leena Unnikrishnan #3; Scott D. Stoller #3; Yanhong A. Liu algorithm is useful for evaluating other replacement algorithms. The analysis can easily be modi#12;ed

Liu, Yanhong Annie

286

ODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (# ess ) H± are bounded below and # ess (H± ) # [0, #). Assuming (# ess ), we can list the negative.1 (Damanik­Killip [5] (see also [6])). Assume (# ess ). Moreover, as­ sume that {E n } is finite. Then # ess

Remling, Christian

287

Quadruped Bounding Control with Variable Duty Cycle via Vertical Impulse Scaling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces a bounding gait control algorithm that allows a successful implementation of duty cycle modulation in the MIT Cheetah 2. Instead of controlling leg stiffness to emulate a springy leg inspired from ...

Park, Hae won

288

Bounded-Variable Fragments of Hybrid Logics Thomas Schwentick and Volker Weber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounded-Variable Fragments of Hybrid Logics Thomas Schwentick and Volker Weber Fachbereich Informatik, Universit¨at Dortmund, Germany {thomas.schwentick,volker.weber}@udo.edu Abstract. Hybrid logics

Schwentick, Thomas

289

Crystal Structures of Nucleotide-Free and Glutathione-Bound Mitochondrial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crystal Structures of Nucleotide-Free and Glutathione-Bound Mitochondrial ABC Transporter Atm1. The two nucleotide-free adenosine 5´-triphosphate binding domains do not interact yet are kept in close

Napp, Nils

290

THE ORIENTATION OF MEMBRANE BOUND RADICALS: AN EPR INVESTIGATION OF MAGNETICALLY ORDERED SPINACH CHLOROPLASTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

D RADICALS: E B A E O N AN EPR INVESTIGATION OF MAGNETICALLY135-139. re Legends EPR spectra of oriented chloroplastsBOUND RADICALS: AN EPR INVESTIGATION OF MAGNETICALLY ORDERED

Dismukes, G. Charles

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

E-Print Network 3.0 - applying membrane-bound form Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 Conformational changes of colicin Ia channel-forming domain upon membrane binding: a solid-state NMR study Summary: of membrane-bound colicins, but gave ambiguous results....

292

Online Supplement to "Bounding Distributions for the Weight of a Minimum Spanning Tree in Stochastic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online Supplement to "Bounding Distributions for the Weight of a Minimum Spanning Tree in Stochastic Networks" Kevin R. Hutson · Douglas R. Shier Department of Mathematics & Computer Science, Denison

Shier, Douglas R.

293

Complex harmonic wave scattering asthe framework for investigation of bounded beam reflection and transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex harmonic wave scattering asthe framework for investigation of bounded beam reflection their pro- files.We will verifythesestatementswith a largenumberof illustrations. I. COMPLEX HARMONIC WAVE REFLECTION AND TRANSMISSION A. Representation of a complex harmonic wave in a viscoelastic medium

294

Precision Measurement of the Position-space Wave Functions of Gravitationally Bound Ultracold Neutrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gravity is the most familiar force at our natural length scale. However, it is still exotic from the view point of particle physics. The first experimental study of quantum effects under gravity was performed using a cold neutron beam in 1975. Following this, an investigation of gravitationally bound quantum states using ultracold neutrons was started in 2002. This quantum bound system is now well understood, and one can use it as a tunable tool to probe gravity. In this paper, we review a recent measurement of position-space wave functions of such gravitationally bound states, and discuss issues related to this analysis, such as neutron loss models in a thin neutron guide, the formulation of phase space quantum mechanics, and UCN position sensitive detectors. The quantum modulation of neutron bound states measured in this experiment shows good agreement with the prediction from quantum mechanics.

Kamiya, Y; Komamiya, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Energy Dependence of Solar Neutrino Suppression and Bounds on the Neutrino Magnetic Moment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analysis of neutrino electron scattering as applied to the SuperKamiokande solar neutrino experiment with the data from the Homestake experiment leads to an upper bound on the neutrino magnetic moment in the range $\\mu_{\

Joao Pulido; Ana M. Mourao

1998-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

296

Risk Bounds for Regularized Least-squares Algorithm with Operator-valued kernels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that recent results in [3] on risk bounds for regularized least-squares on reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces can be straightforwardly extended to the vector-valued regression setting. We first briefly introduce ...

Vito, Ernesto De

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

297

Fano-type coupling of a bound paramagnetic state with 2D continuum  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze an effect of a bound impurity state located at a tunnel distance from a quantum well (QW). The study is focused on the resonance case when the bound state energy lies within the continuum of the QW states. Using the developed theory we calculate spin polarization of 2D holes induced by paramagnetic (Mn) delta-layer in the vicinity of the QW and indirect exchange interaction between two impurities located at a tunnel distance from electron gas.

Rozhansky, I. V. [A.F. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, 194021 St.Petersburg, Russia and Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FI-53851, Lappeenranta (Finland); Averkiev, N. S. [A.F. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, 194021 St.Petersburg (Russian Federation); Lhderanta, E. [Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FI-53851, Lappeenranta (Finland)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

298

A review of "Stuyvesant Bound: An Essay on Loss Across Time" by Donna Merwick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is an excellent piece of scholarship, exhaustively researched and engagingly written. The book will be essential reading for scholars of the later seventeenth century, who will find much of value in Kevin Sharpes final opus. Donna Merwick, Stuyvesant Bound..., is a complex historical figure and many historians have wrestled with his character, his actions, and his legacy. Donna Merwick joins these ranks with her slender volume, Stuyvesant Bound: An Essay on Loss across Time, in which she focuses her...

Cruz, Laura

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

A lower bound for routing on a completely connected optical communication parallel computer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The task of routing a 2-relation on an n-processor completely connected optical communication parallel computer (OCPC) is considered. A lower bound is presented that applies to any randomized distributed algorithm for this task: specifically, it is shown that the expected number of steps required to route a 2-relation is {Omega}({radical} log log n) in the worst case. For comparison, the best upper bound known is O(log log n).

Goldberg, L.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jerrum, M. [Edinburgh Univ. (United Kingdom). Dept. of Computer Science; MacKenzie, P.D. [Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Computer Sciences

1993-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

300

Seismic reflection data analysis of the Oriente and Swan Fracture Zones bounding the Cayman Trough  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEISMIC REFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS OF THE ORIENTE AND SWAN FRACTURE ZONES BOUNDING THE CAYMAN TROUGH A Thesis by MARY NORRIS TINKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Geophysics SEISMIC REFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS OF THE ORIENTE AND SWAN FRACTURE ZONES BOUNDING THE CAYMAN TROUGH A Thesis by MARY NORRIS TINKER Approved as to style and content by: D. A. Fa quiet...

Tinker, Mary Norris

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Kitchen layout and dimensions for the ambulatory and wheelchair-bound elderly  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KITCHEN LAYOUT AND DIMENSIONS FOR THE Al&ULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-BOUND ELDERLY A Thesis ANITA JANICE RESENDIZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August ' 9BS Major Subject: Industrial Engineering KITCHEN LAYOUT AND DIMENSIONS FOR THE AMBULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-BOUND ELDERLY A Thesis by ANITA JANICE RESENDIZ Approved as to style and content by: R. D. uchings n (Chairman) G. Bayliss...

Resendiz, Anita Janice

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

On the potential energy in an electrostatically bound two-body system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential energy problem in an electrostatically bound two-body system is studied in the framework of a recently proposed impact model of the electrostatic force and in analogy to the potential energy in a gravitationally bound system. The physical processes are described that result in the variation of the potential energy as a function of the distance between the charged bodies. The energy is extracted from distributions of hypothetical interaction entities modified by the charged bodies.

K. Wilhelm; B. N. Dwivedi

2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

303

Is thermodynamics of the universe bounded by the event horizon a Bekenstein system?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this brief communication, we have studied the validity of the first law of thermodynamics for the universe bounded by event horizon with two examples. The key point is the appropriate choice of the temperature on the event horizon. Finally, we have concluded that universe bounded by the event horizon may be a Bekenstein system and the Einstein's equations and the first law of thermodynamics on the event horizons are equivalent.

Subenoy Chakraborty

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

304

Concentration of light organic compounds from dilute aqueous solutions by adsorption on bound silicalite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONCENTRATION OF LIGHT ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM DILUTE AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY ADSORPTION ON BOUND SILICALITE A Thesis KATHRYN LOUISE FLORES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering CONCENTRATION OF LIGHT ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM DILUTE AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY ADSORPTION ON BOUND SILICALITE A Thesis by KATHRYN LOUISE FLORES Approved...

Flores, Kathryn Louise

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

On the potential energy in an electrostatically bound two-body system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential energy problem in an electrostatically bound two-body system is studied in the framework of a recently proposed impact model of the electrostatic force and in analogy to the potential energy in a gravitationally bound system. The physical processes are described that result in the variation of the potential energy as a function of the distance between the charged bodies. The energy is extracted from distributions of hypothetical interaction entities modified by the charged bodies.

Wilhelm, K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

(Nearly-)Tight Bounds on the Linearity and Contiguity of Christophe Crespelle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Workshop France (2012)" #12;Lemma 1 For a rooted complete binary tree T, rank(T) = ph(T) = h(T). Theorem 2 For any rooted tree T, we have rank(T) = ph(T). Upper bounds for contiguity and linearity of cographs. We by their cotree, a rooted tree with two kinds of nodes labeled by P and S, giving a tight upper bound

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

307

A "toy" model in QFT with no lower bound to the energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In quantum field theory, it is generally assumed that there is a lower bound to the energy, which is normally assumed to the the vacuum state. While this may be a reasonable assumption for a free field it is not necessarily the case for interacting fields. In this paper I will examine a "toy" model of a neutral scalar field interacting with a charged scalar field and show that there is no lower bound to the energy in this case.

Dan Solomon

2009-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

308

Bounds on variation of the spectrum and spectral subspaces of a few-body Hamiltonian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We overview the recent results on the shift of the spectrum and norm bounds for variation of spectral subspaces of a Hermitian operator under an additive Hermitian perturbation. Along with the known results, we present a new subspace variation bound for the generic off-diagonal subspace perturbation problem. We also demonstrate how some of the abstract results may work for few-body Hamiltonians.

Sergio Albeverio; Alexander K. Motovilov

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

309

Progress on Problem about Quantum Hamming Bound for Impure Quantum Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A famous open problem in the theory of quantum error-correcting codes is whether or not the parameters of an impure quantum code can violate the quantum Hamming bound for pure quantum codes. We partially solve this problem. We demonstrate that there exists a threshold such that an arbitrary quantum code must obey the quantum Hamming bound whenever . We list some values of for small d and binary quantum codes.

Zhuo Li; Lijuan Xing

2009-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

310

Upper Bounds on the Noise Threshold for Fault-tolerant Quantum Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove new upper bounds on the tolerable level of noise in a quantum circuit. We consider circuits consisting of unitary k-qubit gates each of whose input wires is subject to depolarizing noise of strength p, as well as arbitrary one-qubit gates that are essentially noise-free. We assume that the output of the circuit is the result of measuring some designated qubit in the final state. Our main result is that for p>1-\\Theta(1/\\sqrt{k}), the output of any such circuit of large enough depth is essentially independent of its input, thereby making the circuit useless. For the important special case of k=2, our bound is p>35.7%. Moreover, if the only allowed gate on more than one qubit is the two-qubit CNOT gate, then our bound becomes 29.3%. These bounds on p are notably better than previous bounds, yet are incomparable because of the somewhat different circuit model that we are using. Our main technique is the use of a Pauli basis decomposition, which we believe should lead to further progress in deriving such bounds.

Julia Kempe; Oded Regev; Falk Unger; Ronald de Wolf

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

311

USF MAGAZINE | Fall 2013 15 Photos:CourtesyofRichardPollenz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to explore sustainability careers in fields including architecture, renewable energy and marine science. "We Sustainability Pre-College program this summer. The two-week program offered rising juniors and seniors a chance Vairavamoorthy, dean of the Patel College of Global Sustainability. The global sustainability program was one

Meyers, Steven D.

312

approach implicates usf1: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

benefits can be achieved when the information is personalized using learners prior knowledge, individual differences and learning styles (Bransford, Brown, & Cocking, 2000)....

313

677http://health.usf.edu/nocms/nursing/ SECTION 20  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Health Nursing (NAH) to AdultGerontology Primary Care Nursing (NAH) Occup. Hlth Nursing (NOH) to Pediatric Health Nursing (NCH) Adult & Occup. Health Nursing (NAO) Dual to AdultGeron. Primary Care AdultGerontology Primary Care Dual Oncology/AdultGerontology Primary Care Family Health Pediatric

Meyers, Steven D.

314

for classes Go to http://www.usf.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

taken care of your holds, you can begin your class schedule search. #12;Select appropriate term Use this if searching for an online class Choose your campus Start by selecting the appropriate term and campus from when searching for a class. Choose a subject (Ex: ENC) Enter a course # (Ex: 1102) #12;The "Status

Meyers, Steven D.

315

802http://www.uc.usf.edu SECTION 24  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration Executive MPA *New for Fall 2013 Master of Public Health (M.P.H.) Public Health (MPH) Global Disaster Management and Humanitarian Relief (GDM) Public Health Practice (PHP) Public Health Administration (PHA) Master of Sciences (M.S.) Management Information Systems *New for Fall 2013 Nursing

Meyers, Steven D.

316

http://www.eng.usf.edu/ SECTION 16  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/6/13 Engineering Management (M.S.) New Course Option: EIN 5201 Creativity in Technology ­ ELECTIVE 11 of Engineering were approved by the USFTampa Graduate Council on the date noted. New Degree Programs Environmental Engineering (Ph.D.) New Program effective 201201 GC4/18/11, BOG 1

Meyers, Steven D.

317

617http://www.grad.usf.edu/ SECTION 17  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) IDS 6237 Ecotourism & Sustainable Tourism Mgmt. Coastal/Marine Habitat (3) Global Sustainability (M

Meyers, Steven D.

318

USFS Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-gTagusparkCalculator Jump to: navigation, searchSolomon HighCOSO

319

USFS-Climate Change Resource Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,Save Energy Now Jump to:DevelopmentEnergyEurasia

320

USFS West Wide Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformation UC 19-6-401 et seq. - UtahAsiaEnviroFuelsNRCSDecision | Open

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Limitations of the Upward Separation Technique Eric Allender  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the construction of an oracle relative to which there are extremely sparse sets in NP-P, but NEE = EE that Wilson's construction gives rise to an oracle relative to which P = NP, but NP-P contains no tally sets. In [20], Kurtz presented a seemingly stronger oracle construction, relative to which P = NP and NP-P

Allender, Eric

322

Study of Neutrino Oscillation using Upward Throughgoing Muons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Purification System and Radon Free Air System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.3 Data Acquisition System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.1 Water Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.2 20 inch­diameter PMT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.2.3 Water

Tokyo, University of

323

ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend | ornl...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

help utilities achieve deeper and broader energy savings from their energy efficiency and demand-response programs. Dry Surface Technologies of Guthrie, Okla, licensed Barrian, a...

324

On the Flame Height Definition for Upward Flame Spread  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flame height is defined by the experimentalists as the average position of the luminous flame and, consequently is not directly linked with a quantitative value of a physical parameter. To determine flame heights from ...

Consalvi, Jean L; Pizzo, Yannick; Porterie, Bernard; Torero, Jose L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Display map Period Jul 2009 Dec 2010 References EU Smart Grid Projects Map1 Overview Waste CHP plants can be used in the electricity market for...

326

ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the ContributionsArms Control R&DNuclearNuclearCamilaOakmaterial |ORNLand

327

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil Jump to: navigation, searchAccionaAcrux BtGrid Project)

328

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 SouthWaterBrasil Jump to: navigation, searchAccionaAcrux BtGrid Project)Grid

329

Optimal Heisenberg-style bounds for the average performance of arbitrary phase estimates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ultimate bound to the accuracy of phase estimates is often assumed to be given by the Heisenberg limit. Recent work seemed to indicate that this bound can be violated, yielding measurements with much higher accuracy than was previously expected. The Heisenberg limit can be restored as a rigorous bound to the accuracy provided one considers the accuracy averaged over the possible values of the unknown phase, as we have recently shown [Phys. Rev. A 85, 041802(R) (2012)]. Here we present an expanded proof of this result together with a number of additional results, including the proof of a previously conjectured stronger bound in the asymptotic limit. Other measures of the accuracy are examined, as well as other restrictions on the generator of the phase shifts. We provide expanded numerical results for the minimum error and asymptotic expansions. The significance of the results claiming violation of the Heisenberg limit is assessed, followed by a detailed discussion of the limitations of the Cramer-Rao bound.

Dominic W. Berry; Michael J. W. Hall; Marcin Zwierz; Howard M. Wiseman

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

330

Isospin Properties of ($K^-$, $N$) Reactions for the Formation of Deeply-bound Antikaonic Nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formation of deeply-bound antikaonic $K^-/\\bar{K}^0$ nuclear states by nuclear ($K^-$, $N$) reactions is investigated theoretically within a distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA), considering the isospin properties of the Fermi-averaged $K^-+ N \\to N + \\bar{K}$ elementary amplitudes. We calculate the formation cross sections of the deeply-bound $\\bar{K}$ states by the ($K^-$, $N$) reactions on the nuclear targets, $^{12}$C and $^{28}$Si, at incident $K^-$ lab momentum $p_{K^-}$ = 1.0 GeV/c and $\\theta_{\\rm lab} = 0^{\\circ}$, introducing a complex effective nucleon number $N_{\\rm eff}$ for unstable bound states in the DWIA. The results show that the deeply-bound $\\bar{K}$ states can be populated dominantly by the ($K^-$, $n$) reaction via the total isoscalar $\\Delta T=0$ transition owing to the isospin nature of the $K^-+ N \\to N + \\bar{K}$ amplitudes, and that the cross sections described by ${\\rm Re}N_{\\rm eff}$ and ${\\rm Arg}N_{\\rm eff}$ enable to deduce the structure of the $\\bar{K}$ nuclear states; the calculated inclusive nucleon spectra for a deep $\\bar{K}$-nucleus potential do not show distinct peak structure in the bound region. The few-body $\\bar{K}\\otimes [NN]$ and $\\bar{K}\\otimes [NNN]$ states formed in ($K^-$, $N$) reactions on $s$-shell nuclear targets, $^3$He, $^3$H and $^4$He, are also discussed.

T. Koike; T. Harada

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Minimal time trajectories for two-level quantum systems with two bounded controls  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the minimum time population transfer problem for a two level quantum system driven by two external fields with bounded amplitude. The controls are modeled as real functions and we do not use the Rotating Wave Approximation. After projection on the Bloch sphere, we treat the time-optimal control problem with techniques of optimal synthesis on 2D manifolds. Based on the Pontryagin Maximum Principle, we characterize a restricted set of candidate optimal trajectories. Properties on this set, crucial for complete optimal synthesis, are illustrated by numerical simulations. Furthermore, when the two controls have the same bound and this bound is small with respect to the difference of the two energy levels, we get a complete optimal synthesis up to a small neighborhood of the antipodal point of the initial condition.

Boscain, Ugo, E-mail: ugo.boscain@polytechnique.edu [CNRS, CMAP Ecole Polytechnique, France and Team GECO, INRIA Saclay (France); Grnberg, Fredrik, E-mail: gronb@kth.se [Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) (Sweden); Long, Ruixing, E-mail: ruixing.long@gmail.com [General Motors of Canada, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive, Oshawa (Canada); Rabitz, Herschel, E-mail: hrabitz@princeton.edu [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-1009 (United States)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

Mott law as lower bound for a random walk in a random environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a random walk on the support of a stationary simple point process on $R^d$, $d\\geq 2$ which satisfies a mixing condition w.r.t.the translations or has a strictly positive density uniformly on large enough cubes. Furthermore the point process is furnished with independent random bounded energy marks. The transition rates of the random walk decay exponentially in the jump distances and depend on the energies through a factor of the Boltzmann-type. This is an effective model for the phonon-induced hopping of electrons in disordered solids within the regime of strong Anderson localization. We show that the rescaled random walk converges to a Brownian motion whose diffusion coefficient is bounded below by Mott's law for the variable range hopping conductivity at zero frequency. The proof of the lower bound involves estimates for the supercritical regime of an associated site percolation problem.

A. Faggionato; H. Schulz-Baldes; D. Spehner

2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

333

Bounds on the energy densities of ground states on static spacetimes of compact objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we investigate quantum fields propagating on given, static, spherically symmetric spacetimes, which are isometric to a part of the Schwarzschild spacetime. Without specifying the internal geometry we show, that there exist bounds on the energy densities of ground states of a quantum scalar field on such spacetimes. The bounds (from above and below) come from the so-called Quantum Energy Inequalities, and are centered around the energy density of the Boulware state (the ground state for Schwarzschild spacetime). The specific value of the bound from below depends critically on the distance $\\ell$ from the horizon, where the spacetimes of compact objects cease to be isometric to the Schwarzschild spacetime. In the limit of small $\\ell$ we prove, that the energy densities of ground states cannot be below the Boulware level.

P. Marecki

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

334

Improved Bounds on the Phase Transition for the Hard-Core Model in 2-Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the hard-core lattice gas model defined on independent sets weighted by an activity $\\lambda$, we study the critical activity $\\lambda_c(\\mathbb{Z}^2)$ for the uniqueness/non-uniqueness threshold on the 2-dimensional integer lattice $\\mathbb{Z}^2$. The conjectured value of the critical activity is approximately $3.796$. Until recently, the best lower bound followed from algorithmic results of Weitz (2006). Weitz presented an FPTAS for approximating the partition function for graphs of constant maximum degree $\\Delta$ when $\\lambda2.388$. In this paper, we establish an upper bound for this approach, by showing that, for all $\\sigma$, SSM does not hold on $T_{\\mathrm{saw}}^\\sigma(\\mathbb{Z}^2)$ when $\\lambda>3.4$. We also present a refinement of the approach of Restrepo et al. which improves the lower bound to $\\lambda_c(\\mathbb{Z}^2)>2.48$.

Juan C. Vera; Eric Vigoda; Linji Yang

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

335

Theory of microwave spectroscopy of Andreev bound states with a Josephson junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a microscopic theory for the current through a tunnel Josephson junction coupled to a non-linear environment, which consists of an Andreev two-level system coupled to a harmonic oscillator. It models a recent experiment [Bretheau, Girit, Pothier, Esteve, and Urbina, Nature (London) 499, 312 (2013)] on photon spectroscopy of Andreev bound states in a superconducting atomic-size contact. We find the eigenenergies and eigenstates of the environment and derive the current through the junction due to inelastic Cooper pair tunneling. The current-voltage characteristic reveals the transitions between the Andreev bound states, the excitation of the harmonic mode that hybridizes with the Andreev bound states, as well as multi-photon processes. The calculated spectra are in fair agreement with the experimental data.

L. Bretheau; . Girit; M. Houzet; H. Pothier; D. Esteve; C. Urbina

2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

336

Trapping of electrons in troughs of self generated electromagnetic standing waves in a bounded plasma column  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations and measurements are reported on electron trapping in troughs of self-generated electromagnetic standing waves in a bounded plasma column confined in a minimum-B field. The boundaries are smaller than the free space wavelength of the waves. Earlier work of researchers primarily focused upon electron localization effects induced by purely electrostatic perturbation. We demonstrate the possibility in the presence of electromagnetic standing waves generated in the bounded plasma column. The electron trapping is verified with electrostatic measurements of the plasma floating potential, electromagnetic measurements of the wave field profile, and optical intensity measurements of Argon ionic line at 488?nm. The experimental results show a reasonably good agreement with predictions of a Monte Carlo simulation code that takes into account all kinematical and dynamical effects in the plasma in the presence of bounded waves and external fields.

Bhattacharjee, Sudeep; Sahu, Debaprasad; Pandey, Shail; Chatterjee, Sanghomitro [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India)] [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur 208016 (India); Dey, Indranuj [Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga Kouen 6-1, Kasuga City 816-8580 (Japan)] [Department of Advanced Energy Engineering Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga Kouen 6-1, Kasuga City 816-8580 (Japan); Roy Chowdhury, Krishanu [Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex System, Dresden 01187 (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex System, Dresden 01187 (Germany)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Mayer series of the Lennard-Jones gas: improved bounds for the convergence radius  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide a lower bound for the convergence radius of the Mayer series of the Lennard-Jones gas which strongly improves on the classical bound obtained by Penrose and Ruelle 1963. To obtain this result we use an alternative estimate recently proposed by Morais et al. (J. Stat. Phys. 2014) for a restricted class of stable and tempered pair potentials (namely those which can be written as the sum of a non-negative potential plus an absolutely integrable and stable potential) combined with a method developed by Locatelli and Schoen (J. Glob. Optim. 2002) for establishing a lower bound for the minimal interatomic distance between particles interacting via a Morse potential in a cluster of minimum-energy configurations.

Bernardo N. B. de Lima; Aldo Procacci

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

338

Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy fourth quark family  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present Higgs boson mass bounds in a lattice regularization allowing thus for non-perturbative investigations. In particular, we employ a lattice modified chiral invariant Higgs-Yukawa model using the overlap operator. We show results for the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy mass-degenerate quark doublet with masses ranging up to 700 GeV. We perform infinite volume extrapolations in most cases, and examine several values of the lattice cutoff. Furthermore, we argue that the lower Higgs boson mass bound is stable with respect to the addition of higher dimensional operators to the scalar field potential. Our results have severe consequences for the phenomenology of a fourth generation of quarks if a light Higgs boson is discovered at the LHC.

John Bulava; Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal; Attila Nagy

2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

339

Dependence of the wave function of a bound nucleon on its momentum and the EMC effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is widely discussed in the literature that the wave function of the nucleon bound in a nucleus is modified by the interaction with the surrounding medium. We argue that the modification should strongly depend on the momentum of the nucleon. We study such an effect in the case of the pointlike configuration component of the wave function of a nucleon bound in a nucleus A, considering the case of arbitrary final states of the spectator A-1 system. We show that for nonrelativistic values of the nucleon momentum, the momentum dependence of the nucleon deformation appears to follow from rather general considerations and discuss the implications of our theoretical observation for two different phenomena: (i) the search for medium-induced modifications of the nucleon radius of a bound nucleon through the measurement of the electromagnetic nucleon form factors via the A(e,e{sup '}p)X process and (ii) the A dependence of the EMC effect.

Atti, C. Ciofi degli; Frankfurt, L. L.; Kaptari, L. P.; Strikman, M. I. [Department of Physics, University of Perugia and INFN Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel); Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, RU-141980 JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation) and Department of Physics, University of Perugia and INFN Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

340

Universality of the Volume Bound in Slow-Roll Eternal Inflation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has recently been shown that in single field slow-roll inflation the total volume cannot grow by a factor larger than e{sup S{sub dS}/2} without becoming infinite. The bound is saturated exactly at the phase transition to eternal inflation where the probability to produce infinite volume becomes non zero. We show that the bound holds sharply also in any space-time dimensions, when arbitrary higher-dimensional operators are included and in the multi-field inflationary case. The relation with the entropy of de Sitter and the universality of the bound strengthen the case for a deeper holographic interpretation. As a spin-off we provide the formalism to compute the probability distribution of the volume after inflation for generic multi-field models, which might help to address questions about the population of vacua of the landscape during slow-roll inflation.

Dubovsky, Sergei; Senatore, Leonardo; Villadoro, Giovanni

2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A subspace, interior, and conjugate gradient method for large-scale bound-constrained minimization problems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A subspace adaptation of the Coleman-Li trust region and interior method is proposed for solving large-scale bound-constrained minimization problems. This method can be implemented with either sparse Cholesky factorization or conjugate gradient computation. Under reasonable conditions the convergence properties of this subspace trust region method are as strong as those of its full-space version. Computational performance on various large test problems is reported; advantages of the approach are demonstrated. The experience indicates that the proposed method represents an efficient way to solve large bound-constrained minimization problems.

Branch, M.A.; Coleman, T.F.; Li, Y.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Bounds on the map threshold of iterative decoding systems with erasure noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOUNDS ON THE MAP THRESHOLD OF ITERATIVE DECODING SYSTEMS WITH ERASURE NOISE A Thesis by CHIA-WEN WANG Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 2008 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering BOUNDS ON THE MAP THRESHOLD OF ITERATIVE DECODING SYSTEMS WITH ERASURE NOISE A Thesis by CHIA-WEN WANG Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment...

Wang, Chia-Wen

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

343

Approximation method for a spherical bound system in the quantum plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A system of quantum hydrodynamic equations has been used for investigating the dielectric tensor and dispersion equation of a semiconductor as a quantum magnetized plasma. Dispersion relations and their modifications due to quantum effects are derived for both longitudinal and transverse waves. The number of states and energy levels are analytically estimated for a spherical bound system embedded in a semiconductor quantum plasma. The results show that longitudinal waves decay rapidly and do not interact with the spherical bound system. The energy shifts caused by the spin-orbit interaction and the Zeeman effect are calculated.

Mehramiz, A.; Sobhanian, S. [Department of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Tabriz, East Azerbaijan 51664 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mahmoodi, J. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Qom, P.O. Box 3716146611, Qom (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

344

Nonlinear control for systems with bounded inputs: Real-time embedded control applied to UAVs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonlinear control for systems with bounded inputs: Real-time embedded control applied to UAVs Farid) UAVs including conventional helicopters, four- rotors aircraft (Draganflyer) and several designs for small aerial vehicles, some restrictions and conditions specific to small UAVs have to be considered

Sontag, Eduardo

345

Endoplasmic Reticulum-bound Ribosomes Reside in Stable Association with the Translocon following Termination of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Termination of Protein Synthesis* Received for publication, March 15, 2002, and in revised form, April 18 pathway and dissociation occurring upon the termination of protein synthesis. Recent stud- ies indicate, however, that ribosomal subunits remain membrane-bound following the termination of protein synthesis

Nicchitta, Chris

346

Upper bounds and asymptotics in a quantitative version of the Oppenheim conjecture.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upper bounds and asymptotics in a quantitative version of the Oppenheim conjecture. Alex Eskin. The Oppenheim conjecture, proved by G.A. Margulis (cf. [Mar2, Mar3, Mar4]) states that if n ?? 3, and Q, the Oppenheim conjecture enjoyed attention and many studies, mostly using analytic number theory methods. See

Eskin, Alex

347

Upper bounds and asymptotics in a quantitative version of the Oppenheim conjecture.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Upper bounds and asymptotics in a quantitative version of the Oppenheim variables. Let LQ = Q(* *Zn) denote the set of values of Q at integral points. The Oppenheim conjecture, the Oppenheim conjecture enjoyed attention and many studies, mostly using analy* *tic number theory methods

Eskin, Alex

348

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks Juan Alonso1 , Adam Technical Report T2003:22 ISSN 1100-3154 ISRN:SICS-T­2003/22-SE Abstract. Energy is one of the most of routing on energy consumption. Our results are very general and, within the assumptions listed in Section

349

Asymptotics and lower bound for the lifespan of solutions to the Primitive Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are the cinematic viscosity and the thermal diffusivity. The matrix A is defined by A def = 0 -1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0´ed´eric Charve Abstract This article generalizes a previous work in which the author obtained a large lower bound

Charve, Frédéric

350

Oceanic nutrient and oxygen transports and bounds on export production during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of intense climate interest. A large fraction of the carbon fixed in the oceanic surface waters is recycledOceanic nutrient and oxygen transports and bounds on export production during the World Ocean are estimated from selected hydrographic sections from the World Ocean Circulation Experiment spanning the world

Wunsch, Carl

351

Magnetically bound states of electronic and positronic hydrogen ions: The case of zero orbital angular momentum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

orbital angular momentum J, and zero net spin i.e., it is a singlet state 2 . Furthermore a positronMagnetically bound states of electronic and positronic hydrogen ions: The case of zero orbital in a uniform magnetic field B, concentrating on states with zero orbital angular momentum J. It is shown

California at San Diego, University of

352

Bounds for Small-Error and Zero-Error Quantum Algorithms Harry Buhrman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds for Small-Error and Zero-Error Quantum Algorithms Harry Buhrman CWI Richard Cleve University algorithm with an auxiliary input r, which is uniformly distributed over some underlying sample space. In this case, for any x 2 f0;1gn, f(x) = 1 iff (9r 2 S)(A(x;r) = 1). Grover's quantum search algorithm [15

de Wolf, Ronald

353

Improved bounds and algorithms for graph cuts and network reliability David G. Harris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved bounds and algorithms for graph cuts and network reliability David G. Harris Aravind, the graphs we deal with will be multi-graphs with no self-loops. We define R(p), the reliability polyno- mial there is no currently known algorithm for estimating R(p), the complementary probability U(p) = 1 - R(p), which we

Srinivasan, Aravind

354

Lower Bound for Envy-Free and Truthful Makespan Approximation on Related Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lower Bound for Envy-Free and Truthful Makespan Approximation on Related Machines Lisa Fleischer Zhenghui Wang July 14, 2011 Abstract We study problems of scheduling jobs on related machines so as to minimize the makespan in the setting where machines are strategic agents. In this problem, each job j has

Fleischer, Lisa K.

355

Properties of a bound ensemble of repelling atoms R. S. Berry1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Properties of a bound ensemble of repelling atoms R. S. Berry1 and B. M. Smirnov2 1Department gases at high pressures or systems of repelling atoms interacting via a pair interaction. An analysis based on numbers of nearest neighbors of a test atom shows that the crystalline state is not the most

Berry, R. Stephen

356

Workshop on exotic hadronic atoms, deeply bound kaonic nuclear states and antihydrogen: present results, future challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These are the miniproceedings of the workshop "Exotic hadronic atoms, deeply bound kaonic nuclear states and antihydrogen: present results, future challenges," which was held at the European Centre for Theoretical Nuclear Physics and Related Studies (ECT*), Trento (Italy), June 19-24, 2006. The document includes a short presentation of the topics, the list of participants, and a short contribution from each speaker.

Catalina Curceanu; Akaki Rusetsky; Eberhard Widmann

2006-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

357

USING MODEL CHECKING TO DERIVE LOOP BOUNDS OF GENERAL LOOPS WITHIN ANSI-C APPLICATIONS FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USING MODEL CHECKING TO DERIVE LOOP BOUNDS OF GENERAL LOOPS WITHIN ANSI-C APPLICATIONS for applications written in ANSI-C. The described method uses a model checker and a binary search algorithm with little pro- gramming effort for applications written in ANSI-C. The performance is probably inferior

358

SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro, Bernd Fischer software written in ANSI-C in order to improve scalability and precision in a completely automatic way. We was provided for ANSI-C [5] constructs such as bit-level operations, fixed- point arithmetic, pointers (i

359

SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro University to the verification of embedded soft- ware written in ANSI-C. We have extended the encod- ings from previous SMT and linear arithmetic were considered, but no encoding was provided for ANSI-C [6] constructs such as bit

360

DOI: 10.1002/adma.200700536 A Photosynthetic Reaction Center Covalently Bound to Carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DOI: 10.1002/adma.200700536 A Photosynthetic Reaction Center Covalently Bound to Carbon Nanotubes of PS I proteins to carbon nanotubes (CNTs).[7] The method al- lows studying hybrid nanosystems to GaAs surfaces.[6] To this end, amino acids in the extra membrane loops of the PS I facing the cyto

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

UPPER BOUNDS ON A TWO-TERM EXPONENTIAL SUM TODD COCHRANE AND ZHIYONG ZHENG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a multiplicative character (mod p) and p - (a, b) then we g* *et the stronger bound |S(O, f, pm )| npm=2.3) |S(O, axn + bx, pm )| npm=2. In particular, taking O to be the principal character O0 we obtain(axn + bx)| npm=2. x=1p-x ___________ Date: August 28, 2000. 1991 Mathematics

Cochrane, Todd

362

Further results on global stabilization for multiple integrators with bounded controls Nicolas Marchand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marchand Laboratoire d'Automatique de Grenoble, INPG-UJF-CNRS UMR 5528, ENSIEG BP 46, 38402 Saint Martin d'H`eres Cedex, France Nicolas.Marchand@inpg.fr Abstract-- In this paper, we propose a class of nonlinear bounded

Sontag, Eduardo

363

A New Expression for 3N Bound State Faddeev Equation in a 3D Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A spin-isospin dependent three-dimensional approach has been applied for formulation of the three-nucleon bound state and a new expression for Faddeev equation based on three-nucleon free basis state has been obtained. Then the three-nucleon wave function has been obtained as a function of five independent variables.

M. Harzchi; S. Bayegan

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

364

Approximation Methods for Pricing Problems under the Nested Logit Model with Price Bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Approximation Methods for Pricing Problems under the Nested Logit Model with Price Bounds W@orie.cornell.edu November 13, 2012 Abstract We consider two variants of a pricing problem under the nested logit model. In the first variant, the set of products offered to customers is fixed and we want to determine the prices

Topaloglu, Huseyin

365

Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials Tamara January 1993 Abstract The yield surface of a mixture of rigid/perfectly­plastic materials is examined plasticity under suffi­ ciently large stress. The set of stresses at which the deformation changes from

Olson, Tamara

366

Stochastic electron heating in bounded radio-frequency plasmas I. D. Kaganovich,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stochastic electron heating in bounded radio-frequency plasmas I. D. Kaganovich,a) V. I. Kolobov Received 2 November 1995; accepted for publication 7 October 1996 The mechanisms of electron heating in low for the stochastic heating. A classification of heating regimes is performed and expressions for the power deposition

Kaganovich, Igor

367

Bounding Peer-to-Peer Upload Traffic in Client Networks Chun-Ying Huang  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interest. However, as the amount of peer-to- peer traffic increases, a network administrator would like for such network traffic. Second, as any one can develop their own protocols, even if network administratorsBounding Peer-to-Peer Upload Traffic in Client Networks Chun-Ying Huang National Taiwan University

Chen, Sheng-Wei

368

Surface plasmons of a graphene parallel plate waveguide bounded by Kerr-type nonlinear media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface plasmons of a graphene parallel plate waveguide bounded by Kerr-type nonlinear media H by a graphene parallel plate waveguide (PPWG), surrounded on one or both sides by Kerr-type nonlinear media unchanged, as compared to those of a typical graphene PPWG. Moreover, PL and LL of the SPs are considerably

Leung, Pui-Tak "Peter"

369

ODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (# ess ) H± are bounded below and # ess (H± ) # [0, #). Assuming (# ess ), we can list the negative set. Theorem 1.1 (Damanik­Killip [5] (see also [6])). Assume (# ess ). Moreover, as­ sume that {En } is finite. Then # ess = [0, #), and the spectrum is purely absolutely continuous on [0, #) for any boundary

370

ODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: (# ess ) H± are bounded below and # ess (H± ) # [0, #). Assuming (# ess ), we can list the negative set. Theorem 1.1 (Damanik­Killip [5] (see also [6])). Assume (# ess ). Moreover, as­ sume that {E n } is finite. Then # ess = [0, #), and the spectrum is purely absolutely continuous on [0, #) for any boundary

Damanik, David

371

SCHRODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to any possible positive result one might imagine. So our basic assumption is the following: (ess) H± are bounded below and ess(H±) [0, ). Assuming (ess), we can list the negative eigenvalues of H+ and H-Killip [5] (see also [6])). Assume (ess). Moreover, as- sume that {En} is finite. Then ess = [0

Damanik, David

372

SCHRODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to any possible positive result one might imagine. So our basic assumption is the following: (ess) H± are bounded below and ess(H±) [0, ). Assuming (ess), we can list the negative eigenvalues of H+ and H])). Assume (ess). Moreover, as- sume that {En} is finite. Then ess = [0, ), and the spectrum is purely

Remling, Christian

373

agonist-bound nuclear receptors: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

agonist-bound nuclear receptors First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Predicted structure of...

374

Density functional theory and Kohn-Sham scheme for self-bound systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate how the separation of the total energy of a self-bound system into a functional of the internal one-body Fermionic density and a function of an arbitrary wave vector describing the center-of-mass kinetic energy can be used to set-up an "internal" Kohn-Sham scheme.

J. Messud; M. Bender; E. Suraud

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

375

Free Will and the Bounds of the Self1 [Forthcoming in Robert Kane, ed. Oxford Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Free Will and the Bounds of the Self1 [Forthcoming in Robert Kane, ed. Oxford Handbook of Free responsible for anything we did. After all, we would never be free to choose any behavior other than the one cannot be fully free or responsible. Our aim here is to get at the sources of this discomfort and thereby

Knobe, Joshua

376

Algorithms for BoundedError Correlation of High Dimensional Data in Microarray Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Algorithms for Bounded­Error Correlation of High Dimensional Data in Microarray Experiments #3 of clustering continuous valued data has been well studied in literature. Its application to microarray analysis are relatively un­ explored. An instance of analysis of discrete­attributed data arises in detecting co

Szpankowski, Wojciech

377

Acidity and catalytic activity of zeolite catalysts bound with silica and alumina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Micropore surface area and micropore volume are reduced by about 19% and 18%, respectively, indicating some micropores of ZSM-5 are blocked on binding with silica. SiO2-bound ZSM-5 catalysts have less catalytic activity for butane transformation (cracking...

Wu, Xianchun

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

Optimality-based Bound Contraction with Multiparametric Disaggregation for the Global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The global optimization of mixed-integer nonlinear problem (P) is important in areas such as power systems unit commitment problem [19], which is a quadratic function of power; (ii) the power output in hydro1 Optimality-based Bound Contraction with Multiparametric Disaggregation for the Global

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

379

Self-Assembly of Arbitrary Shapes Using RNAse Enzymes: Meeting the Kolmogorov Bound with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly of Arbitrary Shapes Using RNAse Enzymes: Meeting the Kolmogorov Bound with Small@uwplatt.edu Abstract We consider a model of algorithmic self-assembly of geometric shapes out of square Wang tiles Biomolecular computation, RNAse enzyme self-assembly, algorithmic self-assembly, Komogorov complexity Digital

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

380

Self-Assembly of Arbitrary Shapes Using RNAse Enzymes: Meeting the Kolmogorov Bound with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly of Arbitrary Shapes Using RNAse Enzymes: Meeting the Kolmogorov Bound with Small@uwplatt.edu This research was supported in part by NSF grant CDI-0941538 Abstract We consider a model of algorithmic self-assembly Biomolecular computation, RNAse enzyme self-assembly, algorithmic self-assembly, Komogorov complexity Digital

Demaine, Erik

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Protocols for BoundedConcurrent Secure TwoParty Computation in the Plain Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protocols for Bounded­Concurrent Secure Two­Party Computation in the Plain Model Yehuda Lindell # Department of Computer Science Bar­Ilan University Ramat Gan, 52900, Israel lindell@cs.biu.ac.il September 26­composition, in the plain model (where the only setup assumption made is that the parties communicate via authenticated

Lindell, Yehuda

382

Bounds on the Error Probability of ML Decoding for Block and Turbo-Block Codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounds on the Error Probability of ML Decoding for Block and Turbo-Block Codes Igal Sason 32000, Israel March 1999 Abstract The performance of either structured or random turbo-block codes on the other. We focus here on uniformly interleaved and parallel concatenated turbo-Hamming codes

Sason, Igal

383

Bound Together: Masters and Slaves on the Kansas-Missouri Border, 1825-1865  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bound Together chronicles the rise and fall of the slave system on the Kansas-Missouri border from the earliest years of American settlement in the 1820s to the end of the Civil War. This work uses nineteen counties along ...

Epps, Kristen Kimberly

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

Bounds on the Solar Antineutrino total Flux and Energy spectrum from the SK experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A search for inverse beta decay electron antineutrinos has been carried out using the 825 days sample of solar data obtained at SK. The absence of a significant signal, that is, contributions to the total SK background and their angular variations has set upper bounds on a) the absolute flux of solar antineutrinos originated from ${}^8 B$ neutrinos $\\Phi_{\\bar{\

E. Torrente-Lujan

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

385

Bounds on the Nonminimal Coupling of the Higgs Boson to Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive the first bound on the value of the Higgs boson non-minimal coupling to the Ricci scalar. We show that the recent discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN implies that the non-minimal coupling is smaller than $2.6\\times 10^{15}$.

Michael Atkins; Xavier Calmet

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Lower bounds for ballistic current and noise in non-equilibrium quantum steady states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Let an infinite, homogeneous, many-body quantum system be unitarily evolved for a long time from a state where two halves are independently thermalized. One says that a non-equilibrium steady state emerges if there are nonzero steady currents in the central region. In particular, their presence is a signature of ballistic transport. We analyze the consequences of the current observable being a conserved density; near equilibrium this is known to give rise to linear wave propagation and a nonzero Drude peak. Using the Lieb-Robinson bound, we derive, under a certain regularity condition, a lower bound for the non-equilibrium steady-state current determined by equilibrium averages. This shows and quantifies the presence of ballistic transport far from equilibrium. The inequality suggests the definition of "nonlinear sound velocities", which specialize to the sound velocity near equilibrium in non-integrable models, and "generalized sound velocities", which encode generalized Gibbs thermalization in integrable models. These are bounded by the Lieb-Robinson velocity. The inequality also gives rise to a bound on the energy current noise in the case of pure energy transport. We show that the inequality is satisfied in many models where exact results are available, and that it is saturated at one-dimensional criticality.

Benjamin Doyon

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Ultrafast control of donor-bound electron spins with single detuned optical pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS Ultrafast control of donor-bound electron spins with single detuned optical pulses KAI on microwave sources--can be attained with broadband optical pulses. One promising ultrafast technique uses single broadband pulses detuned from resonance in a three-level system4 . This technique is robust

Loss, Daniel

388

Bounds on the Gain of Network Coding and Broadcasting in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Bounds on the Gain of Network Coding and Broadcasting in Wireless Networks Junning Liu , Dennis the possibility of network coding and broadcasting in their model, and recent work has suggested network coding and broadcasting in a )10 random topology that the throughput scales as ¥§¦¨¤©2

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

389

Error Bounds for the Large Time Step Glimm Scheme Applied to Scalar Conservation Laws 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the Glimm scheme under the restriction of Courant numbers up to 1=2. 1. Introduction The large time step solution of (1) generated from the LTS Glimm scheme, #1;x the spatial mesh length and #1;t the time stepError Bounds for the Large Time Step Glimm Scheme Applied to Scalar Conservation Laws 1 Jinyang

390

RECURSIVE BLIND EQUALIZATION WITH AN OPTIMAL BOUNDING ELLIPSOID M. Pouliquen, M. Frikel, M. Denoual  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECURSIVE BLIND EQUALIZATION WITH AN OPTIMAL BOUNDING ELLIPSOID ALGORITHM M. Pouliquen, M. Frikel.pouliquen@unicaen.fr ABSTRACT In this paper, we present an algorithm for blind equalization i.e. equalization without training some simulations are performed. Index Terms-- Blind Equalization, FIR equalizer. 1. INTRODUCTION

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

391

Investigating Upper Bounds on Network Lifetime Extension for Cell-Based Energy Conservation Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Investigating Upper Bounds on Network Lifetime Extension for Cell-Based Energy Conservation either for a base network (one without any energy conservation technique) or for one using cooperative energy conservation strategies. In this paper, we investigate the lifetime/density tradeoff under

Santi, Paolo

392

Nested linear codes achieve Marton's inner bound for general broadcast channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nested linear codes achieve Marton's inner bound for general broadcast channels Arun Padakandla the point-to-point capacity of an arbitrary discrete memoryless channel. In this paper, we study nested with and without channel state information at the transmitter. Furthermore, we prove nested linear codes achieve

Pradhan, Sandeep

393

Grid Monitoring: Bounds on Performances of Sensor Placement Algorithms Muhammad Uddin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grid Monitoring: Bounds on Performances of Sensor Placement Algorithms Muhammad Uddin Anthony Kuh measurement units (PMUs) in the power grid. Given noisy measurements and knowledge of the state correlation to capture the dynamics of the power grid [1]. With the advent of phasor technology, time synchronized

Kavcic, Aleksandar

394

Secure Identification and QKD in the Bounded-Quantum-Storage Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at most one possible password for each exe- cution of the scheme. We propose a solution in the bounded Security in Practice, funded by the Danish Natural Science Re- search Council. Supported by the European and Security, funded by the Danish Natural Sciences Research Council. Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica

Salvail, Louis

395

Secure Identification and QKD in the Bounded-Quantum-Storage Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at most one possible password for each exe- cution of the scheme. We propose a solution in the bounded in Practice, funded by the Danish Natural Science Research Council. Supported by the European project SECOQC, funded by the Danish Natural Sciences Research Council. Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica

Schaffner, Christian

396

On upper bounds for infinite Prandtl number convection with or without rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

coupled to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equa- tions via a buoyancy force proportional to the local Department of Mathematics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 Abstract Bounds for the bulk heat equations. The enhancement of heat transport beyond the minimal conduction value (the Nusselt number Nu

Constantin, Peter

397

On upper bounds for infinite Prandtl number convection with or without rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

temperature coupled to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equa- tions via a buoyancy force proportional Department of Mathematics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 Abstract Bounds for the bulk heat equations. The enhancement of heat transport beyond the minimal conduction value (the Nusselt number Nu

Constantin, Peter

398

Safe Upper-bounds Inference of Energy Consumption for Java Bytecode Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safe Upper-bounds Inference of Energy Consumption for Java Bytecode Applications (Extended Abstract relying on autonomous on-board data analysis. Intermediate Representation Resource Usage Analysis Energy- mize energy consumption. Several approaches have been developed for estimating the en- ergy consumption

Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

399

Quantum corrections and bound-state effects in the energy relaxation of hot dense Hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple analytic formulae for energy relaxation (ER) in electron-ion systems, with quantum corrections, ion dynamics and RPA-type screening are presented. ER in the presence of bound electrons is examined in view of of recent simulations for ER in hydrogen in the range 10^{20}-10^{24} electrons/cc.

M. W. C. Dharma-Wardana

2008-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

400

A branch-and-bound algorithm for convex multi-objective Mixed ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ular, branch-and-bound methods have been developed for mixed integer linear. The authors ... In this paper, we focus on convex multi-objective mixed integer non-linear ..... processing of the final Pareto set (1RF), or not executing RF (noRF

2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Eigenvalue bounds in one dimensional Schrodinger's equation with ultra-short potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of a particle localized in a ultra-short potential in one dimension is considered. By proposing a general solution to Schrodinger;s equation we show that the energy spectra and the probability of the particle have definite bounds for an arbitrary ultra-short potential. These results are relevant for the confinement of particles in nanodevices.

Gabriel Gonzalez

2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

402

AN EXPLICIT BOUND FOR UNIFORM PERFECTNESS OF THE JULIA SETS OF RATIONAL MAPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract. A compact set C in the Riemann sphere is called uniformly perfect if the moduli of annuli of the Julia sets. We also give a concrete bound for the family of quadratic polynomials fcz = z 2 + c in terms , and afterwards by many authors see 15 and its references. By de nition, the sets with some kind of self

Sugawa, Toshiyuki

403

AN EXPLICIT BOUND FOR UNIFORM PERFECTNESS OF THE JULIA SETS OF RATIONAL MAPS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAPS TOSHIYUKI SUGAWA Abstract.A compact set C of the H* *ausdorff dimension of the Julia sets. We also give a concrete bound for the family). By definition, the sets with some kind of self-s* *imilarities are expected to have uniform perfectness

Sugawa, Toshiyuki

404

QUANTITATIVE BOUNDS ON THE DISCRETE SPECTRUM OF NON SELF-ADJOINT QUANTUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A55. Key words and phrases. Non self-adjoint relatively compact perturbations of self- adjoint compact perturbation with respect to the self- adjoint operator H0, then the Weyl's criterionQUANTITATIVE BOUNDS ON THE DISCRETE SPECTRUM OF NON SELF-ADJOINT QUANTUM MAGNETIC HAMILTONIANS

Boyer, Edmond

405

New Bounds for MAX-SAT by Clause Learning Alexander S. Kulikov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Bounds for MAX-SAT by Clause Learning Alexander S. Kulikov Konstantin Kutzkov May 3, 2009 c MAX-SAT for formulas with constant clause density; · 2K/6 , where K is the number of clauses, for MAX-2-SAT; · 2N/6.7 for (n, 3)-MAX-2-SAT. All

406

A New Approach to Proving Upper Bounds for MAX-2-SAT Arist Kojevnikov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Approach to Proving Upper Bounds for MAX-2-SAT Arist Kojevnikov Alexander S. Kulikov problem (MAX-2-SAT). We present a new 2K/5.5 -time algorithm for MAX-2-SAT, where K is the number formula, for a particular case of MAX-2-SAT, where each variable appears in at most three 2-clauses

407

About the Upper Bound of the Chiral Index of Multivariate Distributions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A family of distributions in R{sup d} having a chiral index greater or equal to a constant arbitrarily close to 1/2 is exhibited. It is deduced that the upper bound of the chiral index lies in the interval [1/2; 1], for any dimension d.

Petitjean, Michel [DSV/iBiTec-S/SB2SM (CNRS URA 2096), CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

408

System-Wide Energy Minimization for Real-Time Tasks: Lower Bound and Approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- time solutions by exploiting its inherent properties. 1. INTRODUCTION Power management is importantSystem-Wide Energy Minimization for Real-Time Tasks: Lower Bound and Approximation Xiliang Zhong and Cheng-Zhong Xu Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Wayne State University, Detroit

Xu, Cheng-Zhong

409

System-Wide Energy Minimization for Real-Time Tasks: Lower Bound and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

28 System-Wide Energy Minimization for Real-Time Tasks: Lower Bound and Approximation XILIANG ZHONG that minimizes system-wide energy consumption for both periodic and sporadic tasks. It is known that a system consists of processors and a number of other components. Energy-aware processors can be run in different

Xu, Cheng-Zhong

410

Comprehensive Lower Bound Estimation from Behavioral Descriptions \\Lambda Seong Y. Ohm y , Fadi J. Kurdahi y , and Nikil Dutt z  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a comprehensive technique for lower bound estimation (LBE) of resources from behavioral descriptions. Previous on the functional unit resources. Our cost model accounts for stor age resources in addition to functionalresources to achieve this goal, we have studied the problem of providing lower bound estimates on resources given

California at Irvine, University of

411

Time-bounded Adaptation for Automotive System Software Serena Fritsch, Aline Senart Douglas C. Schmidt Siobhn Clarke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-bounded Adaptation for Automotive System Software Serena Fritsch, Aline Senart Douglas C. This paper provides three contributions to the study of time-bounded adaptation for automotive system software. First, we categorise automotive systems with respect to re- quirements for dynamic software

Schmidt, Douglas C.

412

A spine proof of a lower bound for a typed branching Robert Hardy and Simon C. Harris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an important and difficult path large-deviations lower bound for a typed branching diffusion as found in Git, J.HarrisA spine proof of a lower bound for a typed branching diffusion Robert Hardy and Simon C. Harris March 8, 2004 Abstract We follow the spine approach as found in Hardy and Harris [6, 8, 7] to define new

Harris, Simon Colin

413

Energy dependence of the optical potential of weakly and tightly bound nuclei as projectiles on a medium-mass target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Angular distributions for the elastic scattering of the weakly bound {sup 6,7}Li+{sup 144}Sm systems were measured with high accuracy at bombarding energies from 85% up to 170% of the Coulomb barrier. An optical model analysis was performed, and the relevant parameters of the real and imaginary parts of the optical potential were extracted. The results are compared with those previously published for the tightly bound {sup 12}C+{sup 144}Sm and {sup 16}O+{sup 144}Sm systems. The usual threshold anomaly observed in the behavior of the potential of tightly bound systems was not observed for either weakly bound system. This absence is attributed to the repulsion due to breakup coupling which cancels the attraction arising from couplings with bound channels.

Figueira, J. M.; Arazi, A.; Carnelli, P.; Heimann, D. Martinez; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J. [Laboratorio Tandar, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, B1650KNA San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, C1033AAJ Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Niello, J. O. Fernandez [Laboratorio Tandar, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, B1650KNA San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, C1033AAJ Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad de San Martin, B1650BWA San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Capurro, O. A.; Fimiani, L.; Marti, G. V. [Laboratorio Tandar, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, B1650KNA San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Lubian, J.; Monteiro, D. S.; Gomes, P. R. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Gragoata, Niteroi, R. J., 24210-340 (Brazil)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Fast multiscale Gaussian beam methods for wave equations in bounded convex domains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Motivated by fast multiscale Gaussian wavepacket transforms and multiscale Gaussian beam methods which were originally designed for pure initial-value problems of wave equations, we develop fast multiscale Gaussian beam methods for initial boundary value problems of wave equations in bounded convex domains in the high frequency regime. To compute the wave propagation in bounded convex domains, we have to take into account reflecting multiscale Gaussian beams, which are accomplished by enforcing reflecting boundary conditions during beam propagation and carrying out suitable reflecting beam summation. To propagate multiscale beams efficiently, we prove that the ratio of the squared magnitude of beam amplitude and the beam width is roughly conserved, and accordingly we propose an effective indicator to identify significant beams. We also prove that the resulting multiscale Gaussian beam methods converge asymptotically. Numerical examples demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the method.

Bao, Gang, E-mail: bao@math.msu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China) [Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Lai, Jun, E-mail: laijun@msu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Qian, Jianliang, E-mail: qian@math.msu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Exact Green's function for rectangular potentials and its application to quasi-bound states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we calculate the exact Green's function for arbitrary rectangular potentials. Specifically we focus on Green's function for rectangular quantum wells enlarging the knowledge of exact solutions for Green's functions and also generalizing and resuming results in the literature. The exact formula has the form of a sum over paths and always can be cast into a closed analytic expression. From the poles and residues of the Green's function the bound states eigenenergies and eigenfunctions with the correct normalization constant are obtained. In order to show the versatility of the method, an application of the Green's function approach to extract information of quasi-bound states in rectangular barriers, where the standard analysis of quantum amplitudes fail, is presented.

Fabiano M. Andrade

2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

416

SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Propositional bounded model checking has been applied successfully to verify embedded software but is limited by the increasing propositional formula size and the loss of structure during the translation. These limitations can be reduced by encoding word-level information in theories richer than propositional logic and using SMT solvers for the generated verification conditions. Here, we investigate the application of different SMT solvers to the verification of embedded software written in ANSI-C. We have extended the encodings from previous SMT-based bounded model checkers to provide more accurate support for finite variables, bit-vector operations, arrays, structures, unions and pointers. We have integrated the CVC3, Boolector, and Z3 solvers with the CBMC front-end and evaluated them using both standard software model checking benchmarks and typical embedded applications from telecommunications, control systems and medical devices. The experiments show that our approach can analyze larger problems and sub...

Cordeiro, Lucas; Marques-Silva, Joao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Bound States of (Anti-)Scalar-Quarks in SU(3)c Lattice QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Light scalar-quarks {phi} (colored scalar particles or idealized diquarks) and their color-singlet hadronic states are studied with quenched SU(3)c lattice QCD in terms of mass generation. We investigate 'scalar-quark mesons' {phi}{dagger}{phi} and 'scalar-quark baryons' {phi}{phi}{phi} as the bound states of scalar-quarks {phi}. We also investigate the bound states of scalar-quarks {phi} and quarks {psi}, i.e., {phi}{dagger}{psi}, {psi}{psi}{phi} and {phi}{phi}{psi}, which we name 'chimera hadrons'. All the new-type hadrons including {phi} are found to have a large mass due to large quantum corrections by gluons, even for zero bare scalar-quark mass m{phi} = 0 at a-1 {approx} 1GeV. We conjecture that all colored particles generally acquire a large effective mass due to dressed gluon effects.

Iida, H.; Takahashi, T. T. [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Suganuma, H. [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

418

Beta-dependent upper bound on ion temperature anisotropy in a laboratory plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser induced fluorescence measurements of ion temperatures, parallel and perpendicular to the local magnetic field, in the Large Experiment on Instabilities and Anisotropies space simulation chamber (a steady-state, high beta, argon plasma) display an inverse correlation between the upper bound on the ion temperature anisotropy and the parallel ion beta ({beta}=8{pi}nkT/B{sup 2}). These observations are consistent with in situ spacecraft measurements in the Earth's magnetosheath and with a theoretical/computational model that predicts that such an upper bound is imposed by scattering from enhanced fluctuations due to growth of the ion cyclotron anisotropy instability (the Alfven ion cyclotron instability). (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Keiter, Paul A. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Scime, Earl E. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Balkey, Matthew M. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Boivin, Robert [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Kline, John L. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Gary, S. Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Effects of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying ${SU}(2)_L\\times {U}(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

420

Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a very heavy fourth quark generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of a potential fourth quark generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying ${SU}(2)_L\\times {U}(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen; J. Kallarackal

2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Effects of a potential fourth fermion generation on the Higgs boson mass bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying $SU(2)_L\\times U(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen; J. Kallarackal

2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

422

A bound on the charm chromo-EDM and its implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive bounds on the electric and chromo-electric dipole moments of the charm quark. The second one turns out to be particularly strong, and we quantify its impact on models that allow for a sizeable flavour violation in the up quark sector, like flavour alignment and Generic U(2)^3. In particular we show how the bounds coming from the charm and up CEDMs constrain the size of new physics contributions to direct flavour violation in D decays. We also specialize our analysis to the cases of Supersymmetry with split families and composite Higgs models. The results exposed in this paper motivate both an increase in experimental sensitivity to fundamental hadronic dipoles, and a further exploration of the SM contribution to flavour violating D decays.

Filippo Sala

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

423

Propagation of surface waves on a semi-bounded quantum magnetized collisional plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of surface waves on a semi-bounded quantum plasma in the presence of the external magnetic field and collisional effects is investigated by using quantum magnetohydrodynamics model. A general analytical expression for the dispersion relation of surface waves is obtained by considering the boundary conditions. It is shown that, in some special cases, the obtained dispersion relation reduces to the results reported in previous works. It is also indicated that the quantum, external magnetic field and collisional effects can facilitate the propagation of surface waves on a semi-bounded plasma. In addition, it is found that the growth rate of the surface wave instability is enhanced by increasing the collision frequency and plasmonic parameter.

Niknam, A. R. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Taheri Boroujeni, S.; Khorashadizadeh, S. M. [Physics Department, University of Birjand, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Physics Department, University of Birjand, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

Bounds on self-interacting fermion dark matter from observations of old neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of old neutron stars deeply constrains self-interacting fermion dark matter, which can form star-killing black holes. We quantify this constraint on dark matter-nucleon scattering, considering collapse scenarios that broaden bounds over intermediate masses. We then find the self- and co-annihilation rates necessary to lift these dark matter-nucleon scattering bounds. For Yukawa-coupled dark matter that fits dwarf galaxy halo profiles with a coupling $\\alpha = 10^{-1}-10^{-4}$, a scalar mediator mass $m_\\phi = 1-500$ MeV, and DM mass $m_X = 0.1-10^7$ GeV, we show that fermion dark matter is unconstrained if it self-annihilates at a rate greater than $10^{-40} ~ \\rm{cm^3/s}$ or co-annihilates with baryons at a rate greater than $10^{-50} ~ \\rm{cm^3/s}$.

Joseph Bramante; Keita Fukushima; Jason Kumar; Elan Stopnitzky

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

425

On Cosmic No-hair in Bimetric Gravity and the Higuchi Bound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the cosmic no-hair in the presence of spin-2 matter, i.e. in bimetric gravity. We obtain stable de Sitter solutions with the cosmological constant in the physical sector and find an evidence that the cosmic no-hair is correct. In the presence of the other cosmological constant, there are two branches of de Sitter solutions. Under anisotropic perturbations, one of them is always stable and there is no violation of the cosmic no-hair at the linear level. The stability of the other branch depends on parameters and the cosmic no-hair can be violated in general. Remarkably, the bifurcation point of two branches exactly coincides with the Higuchi bound. It turns out that there exists a de Sitter solution for which the cosmic no-hair holds at the linear level and the effective mass for the anisotropic perturbations is above the Higuchi bound.

Yuki Sakakihara; Jiro Soda; Tomohiro Takahashi

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

426

Theoretical treatments of fusion processes in collisions of weakly bound nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the theoretical methods to evaluate fusion cross sections in collisions of weakly bound nuclei. We piont out that in such collisions the coupling to the breakup channel leads to the appearance of different fusion processes. The extentsion of the coupled-channel method to coupling with the continuum is the most successful treatment for these collisions. However, evaluating separate cross section for each fusion process remains a very hard task.

L. F. Canto; R. Donangelo; M. S. Hussein

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

427

Summary of Bounding Requirements for the NGNP Demonstration Plant F&ORs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents bounding functional and operating requirements (F&ORs)for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project to support selection of the nuclear system design and specification of the operating conditions and configuration of NGNP once the nuclear system design is selected. These requirements supplement the detailed F&ORs for NGNP developed in the FY07 NGNP Pre-conceptual design work.

Not Listed

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A Lower Bound for Quantum Search of an Ordered List Harry Buhrman Ronald de Wolfy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Lower Bound for Quantum Search of an Ordered List Harry Buhrman Ronald de Wolfy June 21, 1999 of Amsterdam. E-mail: rdewolf@cwi.nl. 1 #12;A qubit is a superposition 0j0i+ 1j1i of both values of a classical bit. Similarly, a register of m qubits is a superposition j i of all 2m classical bitstrings of m bits

de Wolf, Ronald

429

Relationship between R? bounds and asymptotic relative efficiency for quantized receivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The first, which stems from communication theory and which we will refer to as the M message communication problem, is the problem of communicating M messages where we use binary coded signals to transmit the messages. The sec- ond, which is a classical... and Bs are the exponential random coding bound parameters (cutofi rates) for an ensemble of communication systems uti- lizing binary coded signals (antipodal signaling) with and without quantized receivers, respectively. For the binary hypothesis...

Cimadevilla, Marcos Ortiz

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

430

A simplied approach for generating frequency domain bounds for QFT designs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the function "CONSTR" from MATLAB's Optimization Toolbox will be used. This function simply minimizes an equation of the user's choice while subject to constraints that are also defined by the user and placed into a constraint matrix (Grace, 1994... is therefore decreased to only one for each loop (with the loop magnitude being that unknown). By following this process, the bounds on L;, (s) are generated and may be plotted on a Nichols Chart (a graph of magnitude versus phase). However, equation (6...

Kyle, Eric Jacque

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

431

Amplitudes of radiative corrections in fermion bags bound by Higgs boson exchange  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Properties of amplitudes that describe radiative corrections in a bag of heavy fermions bound by the Higgs boson exchange are studied. Classes of amplitudes, in which the large fermion mass is canceled out and hence produces no enhancement for the radiative corrections are found. For fermions with masses in the region 4001000 Gev, the processes described by diagrams with closed fermion loops are also mass-independent.

M. Yu. Kuchiev

2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

432

Electroproduction of strangeness on (Lambda)H-3,4 bound states on helium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The A(e,eK+)X reaction has been investigated at Jefferson Laboratory. Data were taken for Q{sup 2} approx. 0.35 GeV{sup 2} at a beam energy of 3.245 GeV for 1H,3He and 4He targets. Evidence for Lambda-hypernuclear bound states is seen for 3,4He targets. This is the first time that the electroproduction of these hypernuclei has been observed.

F. Dohrmann; D. Abbott; A. Ahmidouch; P. Ambrozewicz; C. S. Armstrong; J. Arrington; R. Asaturyan; K. Assamagan; S. Avery; K. Bailey; S. Beedoe; H. Bitao; H. Breuer; D. S. Brown; R. Carlini; J. Cha; N. Chant; E. Christy; A. Cochran; L. Cole; G. Collins; C. Cothran; J. Crowder; W. J. Cummings; S. Danagoulian; F. Duncan; J. Dunne; D. Dutta; T. Eden; M. Elaasar; R. Ent; L. Ewell; H. Fenker; H. T. Fortune; Y. Fujii; L. Gan; H. Gao; K. Garrow; D. F. Geesaman; P. Gueye; K. Gustafsson; K. Hafidi; J. O. Hansen; W. Hinton; H. E. Jackson; H. Juengst; C. Keppel; A. Klein; D. Koltenuk; Y. Liang; J. H. Liu; A. Lung; D. Mack; R. Madey; P. Markowitz; C. J. Martoff; D. Meekins; J. Mitchell; T. Miyoshi; H. Mkrtchyan; R. Mohring; S. K. Mtingwa; B. Mueller; T. G. O'Neill; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; D. Potterveld; J. W. Price; B. A. Raue; P. E. Reimer; J. Reinhold; J. Roche; P. Roos; M. Sarsour; Y. Sato; G. Savage; R. Sawafta; R. E. Segel; A. Yu. Semenov; S. Stepanyan; V. Tadevosian; S. Tajima; L. Tang; B. Terburg; A. Uzzle; S. Wood; H. Yamaguchi; C. Yan; C. Yan; L. Yuan; M. Zeier; B. Zeidman; B. Zihlmann

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Cosmographic bounds on the cosmological deceleration-acceleration transition redshift in $f(\\mathcal{R})$ gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the observational viability of a class of $f(\\mathcal{R})$ gravity cosmological models. Particular attention is devoted to constraints from the recent observational determination of the redshift of the cosmological deceleration-acceleration transition. Making use of the fact that the Ricci scalar is a function of redshift $z$ in these models, $\\mathcal {R=R}(z)$, and so is $f(z)$, we use cosmography to relate a $f(z)$ test function evaluated at higher $z$ to late-time cosmographic bounds. First, we consider a model independent procedure to build up a numerical $f(z)$ by requiring that at $z=0$ the corresponding cosmological model reduces to standard $\\Lambda$CDM. We then infer late-time observational constraints on $f(z)$ in terms of bounds on the Taylor expansion cosmographic coefficients. In doing so we parameterize possible departures from the standard $\\Lambda$CDM model in terms of a two-parameter logarithmic correction. The physical meaning of the two parameters is also discussed in terms of the post Newtonian approximation. Second, we provide numerical estimates of the cosmographic series terms by using Type Ia supernova apparent magnitude data and Hubble parameter measurements. Finally, we use these estimates to bound the two parameters of the logarithmic correction. We find that the deceleration parameter in our model changes sign at a redshift consistent with what is observed.

Salvatore Capozziello; Omer Farooq; Orlando Luongo; Bharat Ratra

2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

434

Bounds on $\\mathcal{N}=1$ Superconformal Theories with Global Symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, the conformal-bootstrap has been successfully used to obtain generic bounds on the spectrum and OPE coefficients of unitary conformal field theories. In practice, these bounds are obtained by assuming the existence of a scalar operator in the theory and analyzing the crossing-symmetry constraints of its 4-point function. In $\\mathcal{N}=1$ superconformal theories with a global symmetry there is always a scalar primary operator, which is the top of the current-multiplet. In this paper we analyze the crossing-symmetry constraints of the 4-point function of this operator for $\\mathcal{N}=1$ theories with $SU(N)$ global symmetry. We analyze the current-current OPE, and derive the superconformal blocks, generalizing the work of Fortin, Intrilligator and Stergiou to the non-Abelian case and finding new superconformal blocks which appear in the Abelian case. We then use these results to obtain bounds on the coefficient of the current 2-point function.

Micha Berkooz; Ran Yacoby; Amir Zait

2015-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

435

Bounded generation of SL(n,A) (after D. Carter, G. Keller and E. Paige).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present unpublished work of D.Carter, G.Keller, and E.Paige on bounded generation in special linear groups. Let n be a positive integer, and let A = O be the ring of integers of an algebraic number field K (or, more generally, let A be a localization O_S.) If n = 2, assume that A has infinitely many units. We show there is a finite-index subgroup H of SL(n,A), such that every matrix in H is a product of a bounded number of elementary matrices. We also show that if T is in SL(n,A), and T is not a scalar matrix, then there is a finite-index, normal subgroup N of SL(n,A), such that every element of N is a product of a bounded number of conjugates of T. For n > 2, these results remain valid when SL(n,A) is replaced by any of its subgroups of finite index.

Dave Witte Morris.

436

Dispersion and waves in bounded plasmas with subwavelength inhomogeneities: Genesis of MEFIB  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bounded plasma exhibit many interesting behavior that are not found in plasmas of 'infinite' extent such as space and astrophysical plasmas. Our studies have revealed that the dispersion properties of waves in a bounded magnetoplasma deviates considerably from the predictions of the Clemmow-Mullaly-Allis (CMA) model, giving rise to new regimes of wave propagation and absorption. The anisotropy of the medium dictated by the length scales of plasma nonuniformity and magnetostatic field inhomogeneity lead to rotation of the polarization axis an effect similar to the Cotton-Mouton effect in a magneto-optic medium but with distinct differences due to wave induced resonances. This article highlights some of these interesting effects observed experimentally and corroborated with Monte Carlo simulations. One of the principal outcomes of this research is the genesis of a novel multielement focused ion beam (MEFIB) system that utilizes compact bounded plasmas in a minimum B field to provide intense focused ion beams of a variety of elements for new research in nanoscience and technology.

Bhattacharjee, Sudeep [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur, Kanpur 208016, UP (United States)

2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

437

Upper bounds on the relative energy difference of pure and mixed Gaussian states with a fixed fidelity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact and approximate formulas for the upper bound of the relative energy difference of two Gaussian states with the fixed fidelity between them are derived. The reciprocal formulas for the upper bound of the fidelity for the fixed value of the relative energy difference are obtained as well. The bounds appear higher for pure states than for mixed ones, and their maximal values correspond to squeezed vacuum states. In particular, to guarantee the relative energy difference less than 10%, for quite arbitrary Gaussian states, the fidelity between them must exceed the level 0.998866.

V. V. Dodonov

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

438

Bounding Bus Delay and Noise Effects of On-Chip Inductance Michael Linderman, David Harris, David Diaz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bounding Bus Delay and Noise Effects of On-Chip Inductance Michael Linderman, David Harris, David Diaz Harvey Mudd College 301 E 12th St. Claremont, CA 91711 mlinderman@stanford.edu, david_harris

Harris, David Money

439

Lower bounds on the obstacle number of graphs Padmini Mukkamala1, Janos Pach2, and Domotor Palvolgyi3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lower bounds on the obstacle number of graphs Padmini Mukkamala1, J´anos Pach2, and D¨om¨ot¨or P are extensively studied and used in computational geometry, robot motion planning, computer vision, sensor

Pach, János

440

arXiv:1301.3520v1[hep-lat]15Jan2013 Bounds on free energy in QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arXiv:1301.3520v1[hep-lat]15Jan2013 Bounds on free energy in QCD Axel Maas Institute 10003, USA E-mail: dz2@nyu.edu We derive some exact bounds on the free energy W(J) in QCD, where Jb µ of connected gluon correlators. Among other results, we show that for a static source J(x) = h the free energy

Maas, Axel

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441

Measurement of the polarization resulting from the scattering of 1250-keV gamma rays from bound electrons in lead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEASUREMENT OF THE POLARIZATION RESULTING FROM THE SCATTERING OF 1250 KEY GAMMA RAYS FROM BOUND ELECTRONS IN LEAD A Thesis By Michael Clinton Hamilton Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1966 Major Subject: Physics MEASUREMENT OF THE POLARIZATION RESULTING FROM THE SCATTERING OF 1250"KEY GAMMA RAYS FROM BOUND ELECTRONS IN LEAD A Thesis By Michael Clinton Hamilton Approved...

Hamilton, Michael Clinton

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Bounds and self-consistent estimates for elastic constants of granular polycrystals composed of orthorhombics or crystal with higher symmetries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods for computing Hashin-Shtrikman bounds and related self-consistent estimates of elastic constants for polycrystals composed of crystals having orthorhombic symmetry have been known for about three decades. However, these methods are underutilized, perhaps because of some perceived difficulties with implementing the necessary computational procedures. Several simplifications of these techniques are introduced, thereby reducing the overall computational burden, as well as the complications inherent in mapping out the Hashin-Shtrikman bounding curves. The self-consistent estimates of the effective elastic constants are very robust, involving a quickly converging iteration procedure. Once these self-consistent values are known, they may then be used to speed up the computations of the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds themselves. It is shown furthermore that the resulting orthorhombic polycrystal code can be used as well to compute both bounds and self-consistent estimates for polycrystals of higher-symmetry tetragonal, hexagonal, and cubic (but not trigonal) materials. The self-consistent results found this way are shown to be the same as those obtained using the earlier methods, specifically those methods designed specially for each individual symmetry type. But the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds found using the orthorhombic code are either the same or (more typically) tighter than those found previously for these special cases (i.e., tetragonal, hexagonal, and cubic). The improvement in the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds is presumably due to the additional degrees of freedom introduced into the available search space.

Berryman, J. G.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Decay dynamics of nascent acetonitrile and nitromethane dipole-bound anions produced by intracluster charge-transfer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decay dynamics of nascent dipole bound states of acetonitrile and nitromethane are examined using time-resolved photoelectron imaging of iodide-acetonitrile (I{sup ?}CH{sub 3}CN) and iodide-nitromethane (I{sup ?}CH{sub 3}NO{sub 2}) complexes. Dipole-bound anions are created by UV-initiated electron transfer to the molecule of interest from the associated iodide ion at energies just below the vertical detachment energy of the halide-molecule complex. The acetonitrile anion is observed to decay biexponentially with time constants in the range of 4900 ps. In contrast, the dipole bound state of nitromethane decays rapidly over 400 fs to form the valence bound anion. The nitromethane valence anion species then decays biexponentially with time constants of 2 ps and 1200 ps. The biexponential decay dynamics in acetonitrile are interpreted as iodine atom loss and autodetachment from the excited dipole-bound anion, followed by slower autodetachment of the relaxed metastable ion, while the dynamics of the nitromethane system suggest that a dipole-bound anion to valence anion transition proceeds via intramolecular vibrational energy redistribution to nitro group modes in the vicinity of the iodine atom.

Yandell, Margaret A.; King, Sarah B. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Neumark, Daniel M., E-mail: dneumark@berkeley.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

444

Encapsulation and Characterization of Proton-Bound Amine Homodimers in a Water Soluble, Self-Assembled Supramolecular Host  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cyclic amines can be encapsulated in a water-soluble self-assembled supramolecular host upon protonation. The hydrogen bonding ability of the cyclic amines, as well as the reduced degrees of rotational freedom, allows for the formation of proton-bound homodimers inside of the assembly which are otherwise not observable in aqueous solution. The generality of homodimer formation was explored with small N-alkyl aziridines, azetidines, pyrrolidines and piperidines. Proton-bound homodimer formation is observed for N-alkylaziridines (R = methyl, isopropyl, tert-butyl), N-alkylazetidines (R = isopropyl, tertbutyl), and N-methylpyrrolidine. At high concentration, formation of a proton-bound homotrimer is observed in the case of N-methylaziridine. The homodimers stay intact inside the assembly over a large concentration range, thereby suggesting cooperative encapsulation. Both G3(MP2)B3 and G3B3 calculations of the proton-bound homodimers were used to investigate the enthalpy of the hydrogen bond in the proton-bound homodimers and suggest that the enthalpic gain upon formation of the proton-bound homodimers may drive guest encapsulation.

Pluth, Michael; Fiedler, Dorothea; Mugridge, Jeffrey; Bergman, Robert; Raymond, Kenneth

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The program complexity on Universal Turing Machines, and a proposal to find efficient n-bounded algorithms of NPC problems by machine enumeration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper proposes a method to find efficient bounded algorithms of NPC problems by machine enumeration. The key contributions are: * On Universal Turing Machines, a program's time complexity should be characterized as: execution time(n) = loading time(n) + running time(n). * Introduces the concept of bounded algorithms; proposes a comparison based criterion to decide if a bounded algorithm is inefficient; and establishes the length upper bound of efficient bounded programs. * Introduces a new way to evaluate program complexity by using the growth rate characteristic function, which is more easily machine checkable based on observations.

Zhou, YuQian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Semiclassical treatment of fusion processes in collisions of weakly bound nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a semiclassical treatment of nuclear fusion reactions involving weakly bound nuclei. In this treatment, the complete fusion probabilities are approximated by products of two factors: a tunneling probability and the probability that the system is in its ground state at the strong absorption radius. We investigate the validity of the method in a schematic two-channel application, where the channels in the continuum are represented by a single resonant state. Comparisons with full coupled-channels calculations are performed. The agreement between semiclassical and quantal calculations isquite good, suggesting that the procedure may be extended to more sophisticated discretizations of the continuum.

L. F. Canto; R. Donangelo; H. D. Marta

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

447

Hydrogen Production by a Hyperthermophilic Membrane-Bound Hydrogenase in Soluble Nanolipoprotein Particles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogenases constitute a promising class of enzymes for ex vivo hydrogen production. Implementation of such applications is currently hindered by oxygen sensitivity and, in the case of membrane-bound hydrogenases (MBH), poor water solubility. Nanolipoprotein particles (NLPs), formed from apolipoproteins and phospholipids, offer a novel means to incorporate MBH into in a well-defined water-soluble matrix that maintains the enzymatic activity and is amenable to incorporation into more complex architectures. We report the synthesis, hydrogen-evolving activity and physical characterization of the first MBH-NLP assembly. This may ultimately lead to the development of biomimetic hydrogen production devices.

Baker, S E; Hopkins, R C; Blanchette, C; Walsworth, V; Sumbad, R; Fischer, N; Kuhn, E; Coleman, M; Chromy, B; Letant, S; Hoeprich, P; Adams, M W; Henderson, P T

2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

448

A network transformation procedure for finding minimal-cost flows in networks with variable lower bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 20 1. 08 2. 16 2. 16 0. 90 2. 40 7. 20 1. 87 4. 50 7. 50 15. 75 10 14 16 14 18 18 19 1. 25 1. 24 1. 75 1. 95 1. 95 1. 62 4. 55 5. 85 1. 92 2. 70 3. 08 6. 93 7. 32 10 12 1. 00 1. 20 1. 60 2. 38 2. 72 2. 72 3. 40... support, encouragement, understanding, patience and love. TABLE OF CONTI~ITS CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION I I PREVIOUS SOLUTION METHODS 2-1. Mixed Integer Linear Programming 2 2. Branch-and-Bound Procedure III PROPOSED METHODOLOGY 3-1. Network...

Kim, Seongbae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

449

Nuclear Matter Incompressibility Effect on the Cross Section of Fusion Reactions with a weakly bound projectile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion reactions with a weakly bound projectile are studied using the double-folding model along with a repulsive interaction modifying term. Using this modified potential, including nuclear matter incompressibility effects, the fusion reaction cross sections and suppression parameters are calculated for 9Be +209Bi,208Pb,29Si and 27Al reactions. The results show that applying these effects at energies near the Coulomb barrier improves the agreement between the calculated and experimental cross sections, and modifies the mean values of the suppression parameter.

S. A. Seyyedi; H. Golnarkar

2015-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

450

Entrance channel dependence in compound nuclear reactions with loosely bound nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The measurement of light charged particles evaporated from the reaction 6,7Li+6Li has been carried out at extreme backward angle in the energy range 14 - 20 MeV. Calculations from the code ALICE91 show that the symmetry of the target-projectile combination and the choice of level density parameter play important roles in explaining the evaporation spectra for these light particle systems. In above barrier energy region the fusion cross-section is not suppressed for these loosely bound nuclei.

S. Adhikari; C. Samanta; C. Basu; S. Ray; A. Chattaerjee; S. Kailas

2005-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

451

Solar-bound weakly interacting massive particles: a no-frills phenomenology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The case for a stable population of solar-bound Earth-crossing Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) is reviewed. A practical general expression for their speed distribution in the laboratory frame is derived under basic assumptions. If such a population exists -even with a conservative phase-space density-, the next generation of large-mass, low-threshold underground bolometers should bring about a sizable enhancement in WIMP sensitivity. Finally, a characteristic yearly modulation in their recoil signal, arising from the ellipticity of the Earth's orbit, is presented.

Juan I. Collar

1999-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

452

Sustainability of multi-field inflation and bound on string scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effects of the interaction terms between the inflaton fields on the inflationary dynamics in multi-field models. With power law type potential and interactions, the total number of e-folds may get considerably reduced and can lead to unacceptably short period of inflation. Also we point out that this can place a bound on the characteristic scale of the underlying theory such as string theory. Using a simple multi-field chaotic inflation model from string theory, the string scale is constrained to be larger than the scale of grand unified theory.

Jinn-Ouk Gong

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

453

(He-3,d) Reaction to Bound and Quasibound Levels in Tc-93  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. W. Nestor, Jr. , T. C. Tucker, and F. B. Malik, Phys. Rev. 169, 27 (1968). PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 4, NUMBER 2 AUGUST 1971 ( He, d) Reaction to Bound and Quasibound Levels in Tc~ R. L. Kozub and D. H. Youngblood Cyclotron Institute, Texas A 5 M... University, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 1 March 1971) The Mo( He, d)9 Tc reaction has been studied at 35-MeV bombarding energy. Several T& levels are observed belo~ 6-MeV excitation energy, and evidence is presented for sizable p ?, and f5y2...

Kozub, R. L.; Youngblood, David H.

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Nuclear Matter Incompressibility Effect on the Cross Section of Fusion Reactions with a weakly bound projectile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion reactions with a weakly bound projectile are studied using the double-folding model along with a repulsive interaction modifying term. Using this modified potential, including nuclear matter incompressibility effects, the fusion reaction cross sections and suppression parameters are calculated for 9Be +209Bi,208Pb,29Si and 27Al reactions. The results show that applying these effects at energies near the Coulomb barrier improves the agreement between the calculated and experimental cross sections, and modifies the mean values of the suppression parameter.

Seyyedi, S A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Reveals Mechanism of Action  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout » Staff125,849| OSTI,Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1

456

Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Reveals Mechanism of Action  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout » Staff125,849| OSTI,Structure of DNA-Bound

457

Optical spectra and intensities of graphene magnetic dot bound to a negatively charged Coulomb impurity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Employing numerical diagonalization, we study the optical properties of an electron in a monolayer-graphene magnetic dot bound to an off-center negatively charged Coulomb impurity based on the massless Dirac-Weyl model. Numerical results show that, since the electron-hole symmetry is broken by the Coulomb potential, the optical absorption spectra of the magnetic dot in the presence of a Coulomb impurity are different between the electron states and the hole states. Effects of both the magnetic field and the dot size on the absorption coefficient are presented as functions of the incident photon energies.

Lee, C. M., E-mail: mesimon-hk@yahoo.com.hk, E-mail: apkschan@cityu.edu.hk; Chan, K. S., E-mail: mesimon-hk@yahoo.com.hk, E-mail: apkschan@cityu.edu.hk [Department of Physics and Materials Science and Center for Functional Photonics, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Shenzhen Research Institute, City University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen (China)

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

458

$X(3915)$ as a $D_s \\bar D_s$ bound state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest that the observed properties of the charmoniumlike resonance $X(3915)$ can possibly be explained if it is an $S-$wave molecular bound state of $D_s \\bar D_s$ meson pair with binding energy about 18\\,MeV. In particular, the decays of $X(3915)$ to pairs of non-strange $D$ mesons are suppressed and proceed at a rate comparable to that of the decay $X(3915) \\to \\omega J/\\psi$, whose branching fraction can be as large as about 0.3. Other major types of decay of $X(3915)$ with a comparable (or slightly smaller) rate are the transition $X(3915) \\to \\eta \\eta_c$ and the decays into light hadrons due to the annihilation of the $c \\bar c$ quark pair. The existence of a bound state should lead to an enhancement in the spectrum of the invariant mass for the $D_s \\bar D_s$ near threshold in $B$ decays, e.g. in $B \\to K D_s \\bar D_s$ which enhancement can be tested experimentally.

Li, Xin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

One-electron reduction of dihexadecyl phosphate vesicle bound viologens by dithionite ion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

N-Methyl-N'-alkyl-4,4'-bipyridinium (C/sub n/MV/sup 2 +/) ions bound to dihexadecyl phosphate vesicles are rapidly reduced to radical cations by S/sub 2/O/sub 4//sup 2 -/ in weakly alkaline solutions. For the short-chain viologens investigated (n = 1, 6, 8), the reaction obeys the rate law d(C/sub n/MV/sup +/)/dt = k(C/sub n/MV/sup 2 +/)(S/sub 2/O/sub 4//sup 2 -/)/sup 1/2/. The measured rate constants were identical for preparations in which viologen was added to preformed vesicles and in which vesicles were formed in the presence of viologen, although in the latter systems 10-30% of the viologen was inaccessible to the reductant. For longer chain C/sub n/MV/sup 2 +/ (n = 12, 14, 16, 18, 20), viologen radical formation was biphasic when binding was constrained to the external aqueous-vesicle interface, but it was triphasic when viologen was bound at both interfaces. Where determined, each step was first order in C/sub n/MV/sup 2 +/ and half order in S/sub 2/O/sub 4//sup 2 -/; viologen radical yields were identical in vesicles prepared by either method. The results are interpreted to indicate the simultaneous existence of multiple binding domains for long-chain viologens within the vesicles. Possible structures and relationships to transmembrane redox pathways are briefly discussed.

Thompson, D.H.P.; Barrette, W.C. Jr.; Hurst, J.K.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Consideration of critically when directly disposing highly enriched spent nuclear fuel in unsaturated tuff: Bounding estimates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents one of 2 approaches (bounding calculations) which were used in a 1994 study to examine the possibility of a criticality in a repository. Bounding probabilities, although rough, point to the difficulty of creating conditions under which a critical mass could be assembled (container corrosion, separation of neutron absorbers from fissile material, collapse or precipitation of fissile material) and how significant the geochemical and hydrologic phenomena are. The study could not conceive of a mechanism consistent with conditions under which an atomic explosion could occur. Should a criticality occur in or near a container in the future, boundary consequence calculations showed that fissions from one critical event (<10{sup 20} fissions, if similar to aqueous and metal accidents and experiments) are quite small compared to the amount of fissions represented by the spent fuel itself. If it is assumed that the containers necessary to hold the highly enriched spent fuel went critical once per day for 1 million years, creating an energy release of about 10{sup 20} fissions, the number of fissions equals about 10{sup 28}, which corresponds to only 1% of the fission inventory in a repository containing 70,000 metric tons of heavy metal, the expected size for the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada.

Rechard, R.P.; Tierney, M.S.; Sanchez, L.C.; Martell, M.-A.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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461

Bounds on entanglement distillation and secret key agreement for quantum broadcast channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The squashed entanglement of a quantum channel is an additive function of quantum channels, which finds application as an upper bound on the rate at which secret key and entanglement can be generated when using a quantum channel a large number of times in addition to unlimited classical communication. This quantity has led to an upper bound of $\\log((1+\\eta )/(1-\\eta))$ on the capacity of an optical communication channel for such a task, where $\\eta$ is the average fraction of photons that make it from the input to the output of the channel. The purpose of the present paper is to extend these results beyond the single-sender single-receiver setting to the more general case of a single sender and multiple receivers (a quantum broadcast channel). We employ multipartite generalizations of the squashed entanglement to constrain the rates at which secret key and entanglement can be generated between any subset of the users of such a channel, along the way developing several new properties of these measures. We apply our results to the case of an optical broadcast channel with one sender and two receivers.

Kaushik P. Seshadreesan; Masahiro Takeoka; Mark M. Wilde

2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

462

The Deuteron and Exotic Two-Body Bound States from Lattice QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results of a high-statistics, multi-volume Lattice QCD exploration of the deuteron, the di-neutron, the H-dibaryon, and the Xi-Xi- system at a pion mass of m ~ 390 MeV are presented. Calculations were performed with an anisotropic n_f = 2+1 Clover discretization in four lattice volumes of spatial extent L ~ 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 4.0 fm, with a lattice spacing of b_s ~ 0.123 fm in the spatial-direction, and b_t ~ b_s/3.5 in the time-direction. The Xi-Xi- is found to be bound by B_{Xi-Xi-} = 14.0(1.4)(6.7) MeV, consistent with expectations based upon phenomenological models and low-energy effective field theories constrained by nucleon-nucleon and hyperon-nucleon scattering data at the physical light-quark masses. We find weak evidence that both the deuteron and the di-neutron are bound at this pion mass, with binding energies of B_d = 11(05)(12) MeV and B_{nn} = 7.1(5.2)(7.3) MeV, respectively. With an increased number of measurements and a refined analysis, the binding energy of the H-dibaryon is B_H = 13.2(1.8)(4.0) MeV at this pion mass, updating our previous result.

S. R. Beane; E. Chang; W. Detmold; H. W. Lin; T. C. Luu; K. Orginos; A. Parreno; M. J. Savage; A. Torok; A. Walker-Loud

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

463

Few-Body Bound States of Dipole-Dipole Interacting Rydberg Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the resonant dipole-dipole interaction can give rise to bound states between two and three Rydberg atoms with non-overlapping electron clouds. The dimer and trimer states arise from avoided level crossings between states converging to different fine structure manifolds in the limit of separated atoms. We analyze the angular dependence of the potential wells, characterize the quantum dynamics in these potentials and discuss methods for their production and detection. Typical distances between the atoms are of the order of several micrometers which can be resolved in state-of-the-art experiments. The potential depths and typical oscillation frequencies are about one order of magnitude larger as compared to the dimer and trimer states investigated in [PRA $\\textbf{86}$ 031401(R) (2012)] and [PRL $\\textbf{111}$ 233003 (2014)], respectively. We find that the dimer and trimer molecules can be aligned with respect to the axis of a weak electric field.

Martin Kiffner; Mingxia Huo; Wenhui Li; Dieter Jaksch

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

464

New Treatment of Resonances with Bound State Approximation by Using Pseudo Potential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new approach to extract the wave functions of resonances by the bound state approximation which gives the mixed states of the resonance components and the continuum ones. In our approach, on the basis of the method of analytic continuation in the coupling constant (ACCC), we construct Pad\\'e rational function by adopting the positive energies as well as the negative ones. We report the result of the application of this new method to the second $2^+$ state of $^{12}$C which was studied with the ACCC method in our previous work. It is found that the resonance parameters obtained by the ACCC method are well reproduced by the new method. Some advantages over the ACCC method are also shown.

Y. Funaki; H. Horiuchi; A. Tohsaki

2005-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

465

Upper bound on parity-violating neutron spin rotation in {sup 4}He  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an upper bound on parity-violating neutron spin rotation in {sup 4}He. This experiment is the most sensitive search for neutron-weak optical activity yet performed and represents a significant advance in precision in comparison to past measurements in heavy nuclei. The experiment was performed at the NG-6 slow-neutron beamline at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Center for Neutron Research. Our result for the neutron spin rotation angle per unit length in {sup 4}He is d{phi}/dz=[+1.7{+-}9.1(stat.){+-}1.4(sys.)]x10{sup -7} rad/m. The statistical uncertainty is smaller than current estimates of the range of possible values of d{phi}/dz in n+{sup 4}He.

Snow, W. M.; Luo, D.; Walbridge, S. B. [Indiana University/CEEM, 2401 Milo B. Sampson Lane, Bloomington, Indiana 47408 (United States); Bass, C. D.; Bass, T. D.; Mumm, H. P.; Nico, J. S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Crawford, B. E. [Gettysburg College, 300 North Washington Street, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325 (United States); Gan, K.; Micherdzinska, A. M.; Opper, A. K. [The George Washington University, 725 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20052 (United States); Heckel, B. R.; Swanson, H. E. [University of Washington/CENPA, Box 354290, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Markoff, D. M. [North Carolina Central University/TUNL, 1801 Fayetteville Street, Durham, North Carolina 27707 (United States); Sarsour, M. [Georgia State University, 29 Peachtree Center Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia 30303-4106 (United States); Sharapov, E. I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Zhumabekova, V. [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi Ave. 71, 050038 Almaty (Kazakhstan)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Asymmetry of rotational catalysis of single membrane-bound F0F1-ATP synthase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis of the cellular 'energy currency' ATP is catalyzed by membrane-bound F0F1-ATP synthases. The chemical reaction at three binding sites in the F1 part is coupled to proton translocation through the membrane-integrated F0 part by an internal rotation of subunits. We examined the rotary movements of the epsilon-subunit of the 'rotor' with respect to the b-subunits of the 'stator' by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Rotation of epsilon during ATP hydrolysis is divided into three major steps with constant FRET level corresponding to three binding sites. Different catalytic activities of the individual binding sites were observed depending on the relative orientation of the 'rotor'. Computer simulations of the FRET signals and non-equally distributed orientations of epsilon strongly corroborate asymmetry of catalysis in F0F1-ATP synthase.

Zarrabi, Nawid; Diez, Manuel; Graeber, Peter; Wrachtrup, Joerg; Boersch, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Nanoparticle Shape Anisotropy Dictates the Collective Behavior of Surface-Bound Ligands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the modification of the properties of surface-confined ligands in nanoparticle systems through the introduction of shape anisotropy. Specifically, triangular gold nanoprisms, densely functionalized with oligonucleotide ligands, hybridize to complementary particles with an affinity that is several million times higher than that of spherical nanoparticle conjugates functionalized with the same amount of DNA. In addition, they exhibit association rates that are 2 orders of magnitude greater than those of their spherical counterparts. This phenomenon stems from the ability of the flat, extended facets of nonspherical nanoparticles to (1) support more numerous ligand interactions through greater surface contact with complementary particles, (2) increase the effective local concentration of terminal DNA nucleotides that mediate hybridization, and (3) relieve the conformational stresses imposed on nanoparticle-bound ligands participating in interactions between curved surfaces. Finally, these same trends are observed for the pH-mediated association of nanoparticles functionalized with carboxylate ligands, demonstrating the generality of these findings.

Jones, Matthew R.; Macfarlane, Robert J.; Prigodich, Andrew E.; Patel, Pinal C.; Mirkin, Chad A. (NWU)

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

The Crystal Structure of TAL Effector PthXo1 Bound to Its DNA Target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DNA recognition by TAL effectors is mediated by tandem repeats, each 33 to 35 residues in length, that specify nucleotides via unique repeat-variable diresidues (RVDs). The crystal structure of PthXo1 bound to its DNA target was determined by high-throughput computational structure prediction and validated by heavy-atom derivatization. Each repeat forms a left-handed, two-helix bundle that presents an RVD-containing loop to the DNA. The repeats self-associate to form a right-handed superhelix wrapped around the DNA major groove. The first RVD residue forms a stabilizing contact with the protein backbone, while the second makes a base-specific contact to the DNA sense strand. Two degenerate amino-terminal repeats also interact with the DNA. Containing several RVDs and noncanonical associations, the structure illustrates the basis of TAL effector-DNA recognition.

Mak, Amanda Nga-Sze; Bradley, Philip; Cernadas, Raul A.; Bogdanove, Adam J.; Stoddard, Barry L. (FHCRC); (Iowa State)

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

469

Asymmetric Structure of the Yeast F[subscript 1] ATPase in the Absence of Bound Nucleotides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of nucleotide-free yeast F{sub 1} ATPase has been determined at a resolution of 3.6 {angstrom}. The overall structure is very similar to that of the ground state enzyme. In particular, the {beta}{sub DP} and {beta}{sub TP} subunits both adopt the closed conformation found in the ground state structure despite the absence of bound nucleotides. This implies that interactions between the {gamma} and {beta} subunits are as important as nucleotide occupancy in determining the conformational state of the {beta} subunits. Furthermore, this result suggests that for the mitochondrial enzyme, there is no state of nucleotide occupancy that would result in more than one of the {beta} subunits adopting the open conformation. The adenine-binding pocket of the {beta}{sub TP} subunit is disrupted in the apoenzyme, suggesting that the {beta}{sub DP} subunit is responsible for unisite catalytic activity.

Kabaleeswaran, Venkataraman; Shen, Hong; Symersky, Jindrich; Walker, John E.; Leslie, Andrew G.W.; Mueller, David M.; (Chicago-Med); (MRCLMB)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

470

On local indistinguishability of orthogonal pure states by using a bound on distillable entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the four states a|00>+b|11>, b^*|00>-a^*|11>, c|01>+d|10> and d^*|01>-c^*|10> cannot be discriminated with certainty if only local operations and classical communication (LOCC) are allowed and if only a single copy is provided, except in the case when they are simply |00>, |11>, |01> and |10> (in which case they are trivially distinguishable with LOCC). We go on to show that there exists a continuous range of values of a, b, c and d such that even three states among the above four are not locally distinguishable, if only a single copy is provided. The proof follows from the fact that logarithmic negativity is an upper bound of distillable entanglement.

Sibasish Ghosh; Guruprasad Kar; Anirban Roy; Debasis Sarkar; Aditi Sen De; Ujjwal Sen

2001-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

471

A holographic bound on the total number of computations in the visible Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Information and encoding are central to holographic imaging of matter and fields within a two-surface. We consider the probability of detection of particles inside star-like holographic screens defined by their propagators. Imaging a point particle of mass m hereby requires I = 2 pi mr in log2 bits on a spherical screen or radius r. Encoding the three hairs of mass, charge, angular momentum and radiation requires a minimum of four bits. This formulation leads directly to Reissner-Nordstrom black holes and extremal Kerr black holes for minimal screens, that envelope event horizons. Applied to the cosmological event horizon, the total number of computations in the visible Universe is found to be bounded by 10e121.

Maurice H. P. M. van Putten

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

472

Donor bound excitons in ZnSe nanoresonators - Applications in quantum information science  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here we summarize the advantages of excitons bound to isolated fluorine donor in ZnSe/ZnMgSe quantum well nano-structures. Devices based on these semiconductors, are particularly suited to implement concepts of the optical manipulation of quantum states in solid-state material. The fluorine donor in ZnSe provides a physical qubit with potential advantages over previously researched qubits. In this context we show several initial demonstrations of devices, such as a low-threshold microdisk laser and an indistinguishable single photon source. Additionally we demonstrate the realization of a controllable three-level-system qubit consisting of a single Fluorine donor in a ZnSe nano-pillar, which provides an optical accessible single electon spin qubit.

Pawlis, A. [Department of Physics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany and Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4088 (United States); Lischka, K. [Department of Physics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, 33098 Paderborn (Germany); Sanaka, K.; Yamamoto, Y. [Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4088, USA and National Institute of Informatics, 2-1-2 Hitotsubashi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8430 (Japan); Sleiter, D. [Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-4088 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Interacting dark fluid in the universe bounded by event horizon : A non-equilibrium prescription  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-equilibrium thermodynamic analysis has been done for the interacting dark fluid in the universe bounded by the event horizon.From observational evidences it is assumed that at present the matter in the universe is dominated by two dark sectors-dark matter and dark energy. The mutual interaction among them results in spontaneous heat flow between the horizon and the fluid system and the thermal equilibrium will no longer hold.In the present work,the dark matter is chosen in the form of dust while the dark energy is chosen as a perfect fluid with constant equation in one case and holographic dark energy model is chosen in the other.Finally,validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics has been examined in both cases.

Subenoy Chakraborty; Atreyee Biswas

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

474

On the potential energy in a gravitationally bound two-body system with arbitrary mass distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential energy problem in a gravitationally bound two-body system has recently been studied in the framework of a proposed impact model of gravitation (Wilhelm and Dwivedi 2015). The result was applied to the free fall of the so-called Mintrop--Ball in G\\"ottingen with the implicit assumption that the mass distribution of the system is extremely unbalanced. An attempt to generalize the study to arbitrary mass distributions indicated a conflict with the energy conservation law in a closed system. This necessitated us to reconsider an earlier assumption made in selecting a specific process out of two options (Wilhelm et al. 2013). With the result obtained here we can now make an educated selection and reverse our choice. The consequences are presented and discussed in detail for several processes. Energy and momentum conservation could now be demonstrated in all cases.

Wilhelm, K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico existing environmental analyses bounding environmental test facilities.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report identifies current environmental operating parameters for the various test and support facilities at SNL/NM. The intent of this report is solely to provide the limits which bound the facilities' operations. Understanding environmental limits is important to maximizing the capabilities and working within the existing constraints of each facility, and supports the decision-making process in meeting customer requests, cost and schedule planning, modifications to processes, future commitments, and use of resources. Working within environmental limits ensures that mission objectives will be met in a manner that protects human health and the environment. It should be noted that, in addition to adhering to the established limits, other approvals and permits may be required for specific projects.

May, Rodney A.; Bailey-White, Brenda E. (Sandia Staffing Alliance, LLC, Albuquerque, NM); Cantwell, Amber (Sandia Staffing Alliance, LLC, Albuquerque, NM)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Local Quantum Uncertainty and Bounds on Quantumness for Orthogonally invariant class of states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local quantum uncertainty (in short LQU) was introduced by Girolami et. al.(Phy. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{110}, 240402) as a measure of quantum uncertainty in a quantum state as achievable on single local measurement. However, such quantity do satisfy all necessary criteria to serve as measure of discord like quantum correlation and it has no closed formula except only for $2\\otimes n$ system. Here, we consider orthogonal invariant class of states which includes both the Werner and Isotropic class of states and explore the possibility of closed form formula. Further, we extend our quest to the possibility of closed form of geometric discord and measurement induced nonlocality for this class. We also provide a comparative study of the bounds of general quantum correlations with entanglement, as measured by negativity, for an interesting subclass of states.

Ajoy Sen; Amit Bhar; Debasis Sarkar

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

477

Lower Higgs boson mass bounds from a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model with overlap fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the coupling parameter dependence of the Higgs boson mass in a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Yukawa coupling structure as in the Higgs-fermion sector of the Standard Model. Eventually, the aim is to establish non-perturbative upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds derived from first principles, in particular not relying on vacuum stability considerations for the latter case. Here, we present our lattice results for the lower Higgs boson mass bound at several values of the cutoff and compare them to corresponding analytical calculations based on the effective potential as obtained from lattice perturbation theory. Furthermore, we give a brief outlook towards the calculation of the upper Higgs boson mass bound.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

478

Bounded-Error Quantum State Identification and Exponential Separations in Communication Complexity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of bounded-error quantum state identification: given either state \\alpha_0 or state \\alpha_1, we are required to output `0', `1' or `?' ("don't know"), such that conditioned on outputting `0' or `1', our guess is correct with high probability. The goal is to maximize the probability of not outputting `?'. We prove a direct product theorem: if we're given two such problems, with optimal probabilities a and b, respectively, and the states in the first problem are pure, then the optimal probability for the joint bounded-error state identification problem is O(ab). Our proof is based on semidefinite programming duality and may be of wider interest. Using this result, we present two exponential separations in the simultaneous message passing model of communication complexity. Both are shown in the strongest possible sense. First, we describe a relation that can be computed with O(log n) classical bits of communication in the presence of shared randomness, but needs Omega(n^{1/3}) communication if the parties don't share randomness, even if communication is quantum. This shows the optimality of Yao's recent exponential simulation of shared-randomness protocols by quantum protocols without shared randomness. Second, we describe a relation that can be computed with O(log n) classical bits of communication in the presence of shared entanglement, but needs Omega((n/log n)^{1/3}) communication if the parties share randomness but no entanglement, even if communication is quantum. This is the first example in communication complexity of a situation where entanglement buys you much more than quantum communication does.

Dmitry Gavinsky; Julia Kempe; Oded Regev; Ronald de Wolf

2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

479

Bounds on the sample complexity for private learning and private data release  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Learning is a task that generalizes many of the analyses that are applied to collections of data, and in particular, collections of sensitive individual information. Hence, it is natural to ask what can be learned while preserving individual privacy. [Kasiviswanathan, Lee, Nissim, Raskhodnikova, and Smith; FOCS 2008] initiated such a discussion. They formalized the notion of private learning, as a combination of PAC learning and differential privacy, and investigated what concept classes can be learned privately. Somewhat surprisingly, they showed that, ignoring time complexity, every PAC learning task could be performed privately with polynomially many samples, and in many natural cases this could even be done in polynomial time. While these results seem to equate non-private and private learning, there is still a significant gap: the sample complexity of (non-private) PAC learning is crisply characterized in terms of the VC-dimension of the concept class, whereas this relationship is lost in the constructions of private learners, which exhibit, generally, a higher sample complexity. Looking into this gap, we examine several private learning tasks and give tight bounds on their sample complexity. In particular, we show strong separations between sample complexities of proper and improper private learners (such separation does not exist for non-private learners), and between sample complexities of efficient and inefficient proper private learners. Our results show that VC-dimension is not the right measure for characterizing the sample complexity of proper private learning. We also examine the task of private data release (as initiated by [Blum, Ligett, and Roth; STOC 2008]), and give new lower bounds on the sample complexity. Our results show that the logarithmic dependence on size of the instance space is essential for private data release.

Kasiviswanathan, Shiva [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Beime, Amos [BEN-GURION UNIV.; Nissim, Kobbi [BEN-GURION UNIV.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

On the possibility of sourcing a mono-energetic $\\bar?_{e}$ long baseline beta beam from bound beta decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, the possibility of using fully stripped ions that can decay through bound beta decay to complement electron capture long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments is qualitatively analysed. The disadvantages of such a source are discussed through consideration of the technological challenges faced and the energy resolution required from the detector. It is concluded that ions that bound beta decay cannot be used as a source of mono-energetic anti-neutrinos in a realistic long baseline CP-even neutrino beam.

Christopher Orme

2009-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "usf upward bound" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

An upper bound on the second order asymptotic expansion for the quantum communication cost of state redistribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

State redistribution is the protocol in which, given an arbitrary tripartite quantum state, with two of the subsystems initially being with Alice and one being with Bob, the goal is for Alice to send one of her subsystems to Bob, possibly with the help of prior shared entanglement. We derive an upper bound on the second order asymptotic expansion for the quantum communication cost of achieving state redistribution with a given finite accuracy. In proving our result, we also obtain an upper bound on the quantum communication cost of this protocol in the one-shot setting, by using the protocol of coherent state merging as a primitive.

Nilanjana Datta; Min-Hsiu Hsieh; Jonathan Oppenheim

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Have you been using the wrong estimator? These guys bound average fidelity using this one weird trick von Neumann didn't want you to know  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We give bounds on the average fidelity achievable by any quantum state estimator, which is arguably the most prominently used figure of merit in quantum state tomography. Moreover, these bounds can be computed online---that is, while the experiment is running. We show numerically that these bounds are quite tight for relevant distributions of density matrices. We also show that the Bayesian mean estimator is ideal in the sense of performing close to the bound without requiring optimization. Our results hold for all finite dimensional quantum systems.

Christopher Ferrie; Richard Kueng

2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

483

Exam 2A Phys 111 Section_____ _ Fall 2006 Name____________________________________________ A The exam is closed book and closed notes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

kx2 , Ugi + Usi + KI = Ugf + Usf + Kf Ugi + Usi + KI + Wnc = Ugf + Usf + Kf momentum: p = mv; Pi = Pf

Janow, Rich

484

Derivation of conditions for a Brans-Dicke coupling constant of order unity be consistent with solar system bounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We provide proofs of some assumptions recently made by F. O. Minotti to conclude on the possibility that an additional scalar field minimally coupled to gravity may help to reconcile a Brans-Dicke coupling constant $\\omega$ of the order unity with solar system bounds.

Jean Paul Mbelek

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

485

Predicting hydraulic tensile fracture spacing in strata-bound systems$ C.I. McDermott n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting hydraulic tensile fracture spacing in strata-bound systems$ C.I. McDermott n , K June 2013 Available online 15 July 2013 Keywords: Hydraulic fracturing Fracture spacing CO2 analogue that hydraulic fracturing can be expected in the lower layers of a caprock after a relatively short period

Haszeldine, Stuart

486

The bound state spectrum of HOBr up to the dissociation limit: Evolution of saddle-node bifurcations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. As a consequence, a saddle- node SN bifurcation exists at relatively high energies, that is, a new family on an accurate potential energy surface J. Chem. Phys. 113, 4598 2000 we calculated ca. 700 bound state energies of the level spectrum. One of the results of this resonance is a saddle-node bifurcation at which a new class

Farantos, Stavros C.

487

The Value of Knowing a Demand Curve: Bounds on Regret for On-line Posted-Price  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Value of Knowing a Demand Curve: Bounds on Regret for On-line Posted-Price Auctions PRELIMINARY sequentially with a popu- lation of n buyers through an on-line posted-price auction mechanism, a paradigm names a price between 0 and 1; the buyer decides whether or not to buy the item at the specified price

Kleinberg, Robert D.

488

A Two-site Kinetic Mechanism for ATP Binding and Hydrolysis by E. coli Rep Helicase Dimer Bound to a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Two-site Kinetic Mechanism for ATP Binding and Hydrolysis by E. coli Rep Helicase Dimer Bound that are coupled to ATP binding and hydrolysis. We have investi- gated the kinetic mechanism of ATP binding 17(?2) s?1 ; KM 3 mM), pre-steady-state studies provide evidence for a two-ATP site mechanism

Lohman, Timothy M.

489

A Distributed Protocol for the Bounded-Hops Converge-cast in Ad-Hoc Networks0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Distributed Protocol for the Bounded-Hops Converge-cast in Ad-Hoc Networks0 Andrea E. F. Clementi (centralized) heuristics. 1 Introduction An ad-hoc (wireless) network consists of a set of radio stations connected by wireless links. In an ad hoc network, a transmission range is assigned to every station

Rossi, Gianluca

490

CompilerDirected Dynamic Voltage Scaling for MemoryBound Applications ChungHsing Hsu and Ulrich Kremer #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that effectively reduces the energy usage of memorybound applications via dynamic voltage scaling (DVS measurements on a laptop with a 600 MHz 1.2 GHz AMD Athlon 4 processor show that CPU energy savings which attempts to approximate the minimum energy usage by any DVS algorithm. Our compilerdirected DVS

Kremer, Ulrich

491

A method to measure the resonance transitions between the gravitationally bound quantum states of neutrons in the GRANIT spectrometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of neutrons in the GRANIT spectrometer M. Kreuz a , V.V. Nesvizhevsky a,?, P. Schmidt-Wellenburg a , T bound quantum states of neutrons in the GRANIT spectrometer. The purpose of GRANIT is to improve quantum states, the transition probability will sharply increase. The GRANIT experiment is motivated

Meyerovich, Alex

492

New bounds on the average distance from the Fermat-Weber center of a planar convex body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New bounds on the average distance from the Fermat-Weber center of a planar convex body Adrian Dumitrescu Minghui Jiang Csaba D. T´oth March 14, 2011 Abstract The Fermat-Weber center of a planar body Q that for any convex body Q in the plane, the average distance from the Fermat-Weber center of Q to the points

Dumitrescu, Adrian

493

Biophysical Journal Volume 70 May 1997 2275-2284 Adenosine Conformations of Nucleotides Bound to Methionyl tRNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biophysical Journal Volume 70 May 1997 2275-2284 Adenosine Conformations of Nucleotides Bound protocol was chosen to minimize contributions from adventitious binding of the nucleotides to the observed. A nucleotide in isolation has considerable internal mo- bility (Nageswara Rao and Ray, 1992), and the determina

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

494

PARTIALLY AVERAGED NAVIER-STOKES METHOD FOR TURBULENCE CLOSURES: CHARACTERIZATION OF FLUCTUATIONS AND EXTENSION TO WALL BOUNDED FLOWS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in various wall bounded flows. The road map towards our goal includes: (i) Comparing a-priori and a-posteriori eddy viscosity values to establish whether PANS is capable of producing the pre-specified level of reduction. (ii) Investigating the scaling of PANS...

Lakshmipathy, Sunil

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

495

Diphoton decay of the Higgs boson and new bound states of top and anti-top quarks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the constraints, provided by the LHC results on Higgs boson decay into 2 photons and its production via gluon fusion, on the previously proposed Standard Model (SM) strongly bound state $S$ of 6 top quarks and 6 anti-top quarks. A correlation is predicted between the ratios $\\kappa_{\\gamma}$ and $\\kappa_g$ of the Higgs diphoton decay and gluon production amplitudes respectively to their SM values. We estimate the contribution to these amplitudes from one loop diagrams involving the 12 quark bound state $S$ and related excited states using an atomic physics based model. We find two regions of parameter space consistent with the ATLAS and CMS data on ($\\kappa_{\\gamma}$, $\\kappa_g$) at the 3 sigma level: a region close to the SM values ($\\kappa_{\\gamma}=1$, $\\kappa_g =1$) with the mass of the bound state $m_S > 400$ GeV and a region with ($\\kappa_{\\gamma} \\sim 3/2$, $\\kappa_g \\sim -3/4$) corresponding to a bound state mass of $m_S \\sim 220$ GeV.

Froggatt, C D; Laperashvili, L V; Nielsen, H B

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Application of Density Functional Theory to the Study of the Reaction of NO with Char-Bound Nitrogen during Combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Bound Nitrogen during Combustion Alejandro Montoya,, Thanh N. Truong,*,§ and Adel F. Sarofim Department. The calculations were carried out to simulate combustion conditions resulting in the absence and presence and in stratospheric ozone depletion. One of the anthropogenic sources of N2O is the combustion of coal, particularly

Truong, Thanh N.

497

Numerical simulations of aggregate breakup in bounded and unbounded turbulent flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breakup of small aggregates in fully developed turbulence is studied by means of direct numerical simulations in a series of typical bounded and unbounded flow configurations, such as a turbulent channel flow, a developing boundary layer and homogeneous isotropic turbulence. The simplest criterion for breakup is adopted, whereas aggregate breakup occurs when the local hydrodynamic stress $\\sigma\\sim \\varepsilon^{1/2}$, with $\\varepsilon$ being the energy dissipation at the position of the aggregate, overcomes a given threshold $\\sigma_\\mathrm{cr}$, which is characteristic for a given type of aggregates. Results show that the breakup rate decreases with increasing threshold. For small thresholds, it develops a universal scaling among the different flows. For high thresholds, the breakup rates show strong differences between the different flow configurations, highlighting the importance of non-universal mean-flow properties. To further assess the effects of flow inhomogeneity and turbulent fluctuations, theresults are compared with those obtained in a smooth stochastic flow. Furthermore, we discuss the limitations and applicability of a set of independent proxies.

Matthaus U. Babler; Luca Biferale; Luca Brandt; Ulrike Feudel; Ksenia Guseva; Alessandra S. Lanotte; Cristian Marchioli; Francesco Picano; Gaetano Sardina; Alfredo Soldati; Federico Toschi

2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

498

Antimatter Bounds by Anti-Asteroids annihilations on Planets and Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence of antimatter stars in the Galaxy as possible signature for inflationary models with non-homogeneous baryo-synthesis may leave the trace by antimatter cosmic rays as well as by their secondaries (anti-planets and anti-meteorites) diffused bodies in our galactic halo. The anti-meteorite flux may leave its explosive gamma signature by colliding on lunar soil as well as on terrestrial, jovian and solar atmospheres. However the propagation in galaxy and the consequent evaporation in galactic matter gas suppress the lightest (m 10^(-1)g up to 10^(6)g) are unable to be deflected by the thin galactic gas surface annihilation; they might hit the Sun (or rarely Jupiter) leading to an explosive gamma event and a spectacular track with a bouncing and even a propelling annihilation on cromosphere and photosphere. Their anti-nuclei annihilation in pions and their final hard gammas showering may be observabe as a "solar flare" at a rate nearly comparable to the observed ones. From their absence we may infer bounds on antimatter-matter ratio near or below 10^(-9) limit: already recorded data in BATSE catalog might be applied.

D. Fargion; M. Khlopov

2002-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

499

The Relativistic Three-Body Bound State in a 3D Formulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: The relativistic three-body problem has a long tradition in few-nucleon physics. Calculations of the triton binding energy based on the solution of the relativistic Faddeev equation in general lead to a weaker binding than the corresponding non-relativistic calculation. Purpose: In this work we solve for the three-body binding energy as well as the wave function and its momentum distribution. The effect of the different relativistic ingredients are studied in detail. Method: Relativistic invariance is incorporated within the framework of Poincar{\\'e} invariant quantum mechanics. The relativistic momentum-space Faddeev equation is formulated and directly solved in terms of momentum vectors without employing a partial-wave decomposition. Results: The relativistic calculation gives a three-body binding energy which is about 3% smaller than its non-relativistic counterpart. In the wave function, relativistic effects are manifested in the Fermi motion of the spectator particle. Conclusions: Our calculations show that though the overall relativistic effects in the three-body bound state are small, individual effects by themselves are not necessarily small and must be taken into account consistently.

M. R. Hadizadeh; Ch. Elster; W. N. Polyzou

2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

500

Boosting QED and QCD bound states in the path integral formalism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave functions and energy eigenvalues of the path integral Hamiltonian are studied in Lorentz frame moving with velocity $v$. The instantaneous interaction produced by the Wilson loop is shown to be reduced by an overall factor $\\sqrt{1-(\\frac{v}{c})^2}$. As a result one obtains the boosted energy eigenvalues in the Lorentz covariant form $E= \\sqrt{\\veP^2+M^2_0}$, where $M_0$ is the c.m. energy, and this form is tested for two free particles and for the Coulomb and linear interaction.Using Lorentz contracted wave functions of the bound states one obtains the scaled parton wave functions and valence quark distributions for large $P$. Matrix elements containing wave functions moving with different velocities strongly decrease with growing relative momentum, e.g. for the time-like formfactors one obtains $F_h(Q_0)\\sim (\\frac{M_h}{Q_0})^{2 n_h} $ with $n_h = 1$ and 2 for mesons and baryons, as in the "quark counting rule".

Yu. A. Simonov

2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z