Sample records for usf upward bound

  1. USF System Facts 2010/11 USF System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    . Margarita R. Cancio, M.D. W. Gene Engle Cesar R. Hernandez Brian D. Lamb Elizabeth Larkin Rhea F. Law Debbie Chancellor, USF St. Petersburg Arthur Guilford Regional Chancellor, USF Sarasota-Manatee Marshall Goodman

  2. USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    and Global Comm Disease ­ revise Health Care Org and Management ­ revise prereqs Health PoliciesUSF Graduate Catalog 20142015 708 http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/ SECTION 23 of Public Health 709 http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/ Changes to Note The follow curricular

  3. USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-314

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    OF POLICY A. All proposals for fixed-price sponsored projects must be processed using USF System policies and procedures for sponsored projects administration. #12;B. Deficits or cost overruns on fixed-price sponsoredPOLICY USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 0-314 Subject: Financial Closeout of Fixed-price

  4. USF -A COMPREHENSIVE RESEARCHUNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lajeunesse, Marc J.

    than 75 faculty Fulbright Scholars and 42 endowed chairs, USF has become a research powerhouse. Located System of Florida. The latter provides links to tens of thousands of computer data bases around the world as well as a vast computer link to hundreds of library data bases and interna- tional communications

  5. USFS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place: Dallas,UGIURDBCOSO EGS PROJECT | OpenUSFS

  6. USFS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypeforUSDOI - Memorandum 37005USFS Jump

  7. If approved, USF's Morsani College of Medicine and the USF Heart Institute would be part of a proposed redevelopment for downtown Tampa. Graphic: USF Health.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    If approved, USF's Morsani College of Medicine and the USF Heart Institute would be part to colocate the USF Morsani College of Medicine and the new USF Heart Institute in downtown Tampa on land place the Morsani College of Medicine and the USF Heart Institute closer to our major teaching affiliate

  8. USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 5-012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    and methods for the Records Management Program for the USF System, as required by Chapter 119 and Chapter 257 and disposition of records. The Purchasing Director is the University Records Management Liaison Officer with the State of Florida Public Records Disposal Procedures, and such schedules are followed in the management

  9. Library hours vary by semester; Check lib.usf.edu After midnight, USF ID required

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Library hours vary by semester; Check lib.usf.edu After midnight, USF ID required lib.usf.edu (813? To learn how to: Integrate the library into Canvas, Invite a librarian to join your course's Canvas site, or Request a tailored research guide or library research assignment, Contact: Susan Silver | ssilver

  10. Guidelines for USF System Regulation and Policy Development and USF Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Guidelines for USF System Regulation and Policy Development and USF Policy Development 1 on behalf of all members or USF may adopt Regulations. Policy Statements with broad application to guide are developed as Policies to assist with Institutional compliance, promote operational efficiencies and

  11. USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 680http://health.usf.edu/nocms/nursing/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    health care issues such as heart disease, Alzheimer's/dementia, and cancer. b. Through the CON RESTOREUSF Graduate Catalog 20142015 680http://health.usf.edu/nocms/nursing/ SECTION 20http://health.usf.edu/nocms/nursing/ Changes to Note The follow curricular changes for the College

  12. Scaffold Training Session Bill Danfield (USFS) and Adam Wiese (USFS) lead an Aspen FACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scaffold Training Session Bill Danfield (USFS) and Adam Wiese (USFS) lead an Aspen FACE site in each Aspen FACE ring without receiving training. Kurt Pregitzer Returns Adam Wiese (left) leads a training session for scaffold climbing. Kurt Pregitzer (Aspen FACE Steering Committee) returned to MTU

  13. http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/ SECTION 21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Management Conc. 12/17/12 Revise GRE for concentrations: Health Care Organizations and Management 702 http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/ SECTION 21 CCOOLLLLEEGGEE OOFF PPUUBBLLIICC HHEEAALLTTHH #12;USF Tampa Graduate Catalog 20132014 Section 21 College of Public Health

  14. USFS West Wide Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of Decision Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: USFS West Wide...

  15. USFS Administrative Tour The Aspen FACE site hosted a visit of some 36 senior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 USFS Administrative Tour The Aspen FACE site hosted a visit of some 36 senior USFS administrators (USFS) welcomed the group to the site and Dave Karnosky (MTU) gave a brief overview of the Aspen FACE Global Change Program Director Rich Birdsey. Aspen FACE in the News On May 16, 2003, the Aspen FACE

  16. USF Physical Plant Recycling Program Updated November 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Recyclables (Bulbs, Tires, etc.) 7 tons #12;Recycle Ratio for FY 2012/2013 · Total waste generated: 3419 tonsUSF Physical Plant Recycling Program Updated November 2013 #12;Beginnings · Program initiated · Continuously expanding recycling efforts #12;Paper Recycling · Currently recycling mixed paper Office paper

  17. USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 Section 2 About USF Founded in 1956, the University of South Florida was the first independent state university conceived, planned and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    learning environment that inspires innovation, creativity and collaboration and is focused on student System is a highimpact, global research system dedicated to student success. The USF System includes,000 students, the USF System has an annual budget of $1.5 billion and an annual economic impact of $3

  18. 20142015 USF Graduate Catalog Updates Items are approved by the USF Graduate Council on the date noted or as Office of Graduate Studies (GS) approved.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    20142015 USF Graduate Catalog Updates Items are approved by the USF Graduate Council on the date noted or as Office of Graduate Studies (GS) approved. POLICY UPDATES Description Managerial Economics** ED Special Education, Behavior Disorders (MA) 13.1005 Education Emotionally

  19. The Library is open 24/5 Fall & Spring Summer hours vary -check lib.usf.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    The Library is open 24/5 Fall & Spring Summer hours vary - check lib.usf.edu After midnight, USF ID.lib.usf.edu/guides Teaching a Course? Learn how to integrate the library into Canvas Place items on reserve using PRESTO! Contact the library's Reserve Team at reserves@lib.usf.edu or 813-974-4182 Invite a librarian to join your

  20. $B_s \\to ?^+ ?^-$ and the upward-going muon flux from the WIMP annihilation in the sun or the earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seungwon Baek; Yeong Gyun Kim; P. Ko

    2005-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the upward-going muon flux due to the WIMP annihilations in the cores of the sun and the earth, including the upper bound on the branching ratio for $B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ decay. We find that the constraint from $B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ is very strong in most parameter space, and exclude the supergravity parameter space regions where the expected upward-going muon fluxes are within the expected reach of AMANDA II.

  1. Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CHP plants can be used in the electricity market for upward regulation by bypassing the steam turbine. The technical design for this purpose must ensure that factors such as...

  2. USFS-Climate Change Resource Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbullGlobal Map-AnnexUSFS-Climate Change

  3. USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 Section 10 Degrees, Programs, and Concentrations Accelerated Degree Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 Section 10 Degrees, Programs, and Concentrations 83 Accelerated Degree Programs Accelerated Programs allow academically qualified students to complete timeline, graduating sooner than in traditional programs. Typically students will complete

  4. Neutrino-induced upward stopping muons in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A total of 137 upward stopping muons of minimum energy 1.6 GeV are observed by Super-Kamiokande during 516 detector live days. The measured muon flux is 0.39+/-0.04(stat.)+/-0.02(syst.)x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1} compared to an expected flux of 0.73+/-0.16(theo.)x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1}. Using our previously-published measurement of the upward through-going muon flux, we calculate the stopping/through-going flux ratio R}, which has less theoretical uncertainty. The measured value of R=0.22+/-0.02(stat.)+/-0.01(syst.) is significantly smaller than the value 0.37^{+0.05}_{-0.04}(theo.) expected using the best theoretical information (the probability that the measured R is a statistical fluctuation below the expected value is 0.39%). A simultaneous fitting to zenith angle distributions of upward stopping and through-going muons gives a result which is consistent with the hypothesis of neutrino oscillations with the parameters sin^2 2\\theta >0.7 and 1.5x10^{-3} Super-Kamiokande using the contained atmospheric neutrino events.

  5. The University of South Florida System provides the foundation through which USF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    -level expertise to Tampa Bay's technology and bio/life sciences entrepreneurs throughout the business life cycle;www.USFCONNECT.org Entrepreneurship BioTechnology Life-Sciences Resources Development Research SuccessThe University of South Florida System provides the foundation through which USF CONNECT is able

  6. Human Resources Careers@USF Quick Guide Applying for a Job

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Human Resources ­ Careers@USF Quick Guide ­ Applying for a Job Updated July, 2014 Page. Best viewed in Internet Explorer. Step 1 ­ Find the job you want and log in or register Careers Home displays the latest job postings. Sort the listing by clicking a column header or filter

  7. Upward-facing Lithium Flash Evaporator for NSTX-U

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roquemore, A. L.

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    NSTX plasma performance has been significantly enhanced by lithium conditioning [1]. To date, the lower divertor and passive plates have been conditioned by downward facing lithium evaporators (LITER) as appropriate for lower null plasmas. The higher power operation expected from NSTX-U requires double null plasma operation in order to distribute the heat flux between the upper and lower divertors making it desirable to coat the upper divertor region with Li as well. An upward aiming LITER (U-LITER) is presently under development and will be inserted into NSTX-U using a horizontal probe drive located in a 6" upper midplane port. In the retracted position the evaporator will be loaded with up to 300 mg of Li granules utilizing one of the calibrated NSTX Li powder droppers[2]. The evaporator will then be inserted into the vessel in a location within the shadow of the RF limiters and will remain in the vessel during the discharge. About 10 seconds before a discharge, it will be rapidly heated and the lithium completely evaporated onto the upper divertor, thus avoiding the complication of a shutter that prevents evaporation during the shot when the diagnostic shutters are open. The minimal time interval between the evaporation and the start of the discharge will avoid the passivation of the lithium by residual gases and enable the study of the conditioning effects of un-passivated Li surfaces [3]. Two methods are being investigated to accomplish the rapid (few second) heating of the lithium. A resistive method relies on passing a large current through a Li filled crucible. A second method requires using a 3 kW e-beam gun to heat the Li. In this paper the evaporator systems will be described and the pros and cons of each heating method will be discussed.

  8. Psychophysiological Reactivity to Self and Model Images in an Upward Social Comparison Manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tamez, Jeannine

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The current study examined affective reactivity to oneself in an upward socialcomparison manipulation using autonomic physiological responses. Study I was conducted to select images of thin and average size models used to elicit a social comparison...

  9. Film boiling of saturated liquid flowing upward through a heated tube : high vapor quality range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laverty, W. F.

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Film boiling of saturated liquid flowing upward through a uniformly heated tube has been studied for the case in which pure saturated liquid enters the tube and nearly saturated vapor is discharged. Since a previous study ...

  10. Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Martin Simran

    Many features of the general circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simulations of climate change with both general circulation models (GCMs) and cloud-system-resolving models. The importance ...

  11. File:09-FD-g - USFS NEPA Process.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump to: navigation, search FileNEPAProcess.pdf Jump to:09-FD-g - USFS NEPA

  12. USF College of Pharmacy Technical Standards All candidates must meet the health and technical standards requisite for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    and written form with all members of a health care team. #12;3. Motor Coordination and Function. CandidatesUSF College of Pharmacy Technical Standards All candidates must meet the health and technical-centered, pharmaceutical care to patients. A candidate for the PharmD degree must have aptitude, abilities, and skills

  13. Generating upward sweeps in population using the Turchin--Korotayev model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niemeyer, Richard E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The works of [Cha-DunAlvInoNieCarFieLaw,Cha-Dun] describe upward sweeps in populations of city-states and attempt to characterize such phenomenon. The model proposed in both [TurKor,Tur] describes how the population, state resources and internal conflict influence each other over time. We show that one can obtain an upward sweep in the population by altering particular parameters of the system of differential equations constituting the model given in [TurKor,Tur]. Moreover, we show that such a system has a unstable critical point and propose an approach for determining bifurcation points in the parameter space for the model.

  14. Search for Dark Matter WIMPs using Upward-Going Muons in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Search for Dark Matter WIMPs using Upward-Going Muons in Super{Kamiokande S. Desai, for the Super{Kamiokande searches for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) with the Super-Kamiokande detector using neutrino, for the Super{Kamiokande Collaboration the Universe as a cosmological relic from the Big Bang. The most likely

  15. Physical mechanism and numerical simulation of the inception of the lightning upward leader

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li Qingmin [Beijing Key Lab of High Voltage and EMC, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China) and State Key Lab of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Lu Xinchang; Shi Wei; Zhang Li; Zou Liang; Lou Jie [Shandong Provincial Key Lab of UHV Technology and Gas Discharge, School of Electrical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The upward leader is a key physical process of the leader progression model of lightning shielding. The inception mechanism and criterion of the upward leader need further understanding and clarification. Based on leader discharge theory, this paper proposes the critical electric field intensity of the stable upward leader (CEFISUL) and characterizes it by the valve electric field intensity on the conductor surface, E{sub L}, which is the basis of a new inception criterion for the upward leader. Through numerical simulation under various physical conditions, we verified that E{sub L} is mainly related to the conductor radius, and data fitting yields the mathematical expression of E{sub L}. We further establish a computational model for lightning shielding performance of the transmission lines based on the proposed CEFISUL criterion, which reproduces the shielding failure rate of typical UHV transmission lines. The model-based calculation results agree well with the statistical data from on-site operations, which show the effectiveness and validity of the CEFISUL criterion.

  16. Positive exchange bias and upward magnetic relaxation in a Fe-film/CoO-nanoparticle hybrid system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnan, Kannan M.

    Positive exchange bias and upward magnetic relaxation in a Fe-film/CoO- nanoparticle hybrid system exchange bias and upward magnetic relaxation in a Fe-film/CoO-nanoparticle hybrid system Wei Zhang) Heat-induced damping modification in yttrium iron garnet/platinum hetero-structures Appl. Phys. Lett

  17. The Artificial Sky Luminance And The Emission Angles Of The Upward Light Flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Cinzano; F. J. Diaz Castro

    1998-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The direction of the upward light emission has different polluting effects on the sky depending on the distance of the observation site. We studied with detailed models for light pollution propagation the ratio $(b_{H})/(b_{L})$, at given distances from a city, between the artificial sky luminance $b_{H}$ produced by its upward light emission between a given threshold angle $\\theta_{0}$ and the vertical and the artificial sky luminance $b_{L}$ produced by its upward light emission between the horizontal and the threshold angle $\\theta_{0}$. Our results show that as the distance from the city increases the effects of the emission at high angles above the horizontal decrease relative to the effects of emission at lower angles above the horizontal. Outside some kilometers from cities or towns the light emitted between the horizontal and 10\\deg ~is as important as the light emitted at all the other angles in producing the artificial sky luminance. Therefore the protection of a site requires also a careful control of this emission which needs to be reduced to at most 1/10 of the remaining emission. The emission between the horizontal and 10\\deg ~is mostly produced by spill light from luminaires, so fully shielded fixtures (e.g. flat glass luminaires or asymmetric spot-lights installed without any tilt) are needed for this purpose.

  18. High energy neutrino astronomy using upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande-I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; K. Abe

    2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the results from several studies used to search for astrophysical sources of high-energy neutrinos using the Super-Kamiokande-I (April 1996 to July 2001) neutrino-induced upward-going muon data. The data set consists of 2359 events with minimum energy 1.6 GeV, of which 1892 are through-going and 467 stop within the detector. The results of several independent analyses are presented, including searches for point sources using directional and temporal information and a search for signatures of cosmic-ray interactions with the interstellar medium in the upward-going muons. No statistically significant evidence for point sources or any diffuse flux from the plane of the galaxy was found, so specific limits on fluxes from likely point sources are calculated. The 90% C.L. upper limits on upward-going muon flux from astronomical sources which are located in the southern hemisphere and always under the horizon for Super-Kamiokande are 1~4x10^{-15} cm^{-2} s^{-1}.

  19. Neutrino-induced upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Habig; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    1999-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Upward-going muons observed by the Super-Kamiokande detector are produced by high-energy atmospheric neutrinos which interact in rock around the detector. Those which pass completely through the detector have a mean parent neutrino energy of ~100 GeV, while those which range out inside the detector come from neutrinos of mean energy ~10 GeV. The neutrino baseline varies with the observed muon zenith angle, allowing for an independent test via nu-mu disappearance of the neutrino oscillations observed in the Super-Kamiokande contained events. 614 upward through-going and 137 upward stopping muons were observed over 537 (516) live days, resulting in a flux of Phi_t=1.74\\pm0.07(stat.)\\pm0.02(sys.), Phi_s=0.380\\pm0.038(stat.)^{+0.019}_{-0.016}(sys.) x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1}. The observed stopping/through-going ratio R=0.218\\pm0.023(stat.)^{+0.014}_{-0.013}(syst.) is 2.9 sigma lower than the expectation of 0.368^{+0.049}_{-0.044}(theo.). Both the shape of the zenith angle distribution of the observed flux and this low ratio are inconsistent with the null oscillation hypothesis, but are compatible with the previously observed nu-mu nu-tau oscillations. Taken as a whole, the addition of these higher energy nu-mu data to the contained neutrino events provides a better measurement of the oscillation parameters, narrowing the allowed parameter range to sin^22theta >~0.9 and 1.5x10^{-3}eV^2 <~ \\Delta m^2 <~6x10^{-3} at 90% confidence.

  20. Search for Diffuse Astrophysical Neutrino Flux Using Ultra-High-Energy Upward-Going Muons in Super-Kamiokande I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; M. E. C. Swanson

    2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Many astrophysical models predict a diffuse flux of high-energy neutrinos from active galactic nuclei and other extra-galactic sources. At muon energies above 1 TeV, the upward-going muon flux induced by neutrinos from active galactic nuclei is expected to exceed the flux due to atmospheric neutrinos. We have performed a search for this astrophysical neutrino flux by looking for upward-going muons in the highest energy data sample from the Super-Kamiokande detector using 1679.6 live days of data. We found one extremely high energy upward-going muon event, compared with an expected atmospheric neutrino background of 0.46 plus or minus 0.23 events. Using this result, we set an upper limit on the diffuse flux of upward-going muons due to neutrinos from astrophysical sources in the muon energy range 3.16-100 TeV.

  1. Film boiling on the inside of vertical tubes with upward flow of the fluid at low qualities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dougall, R. S.

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flow regimes, local heat transfer coefficients, and temperature distributions along the wall have been studied for film boiling inside a vertical tube with upward flow of a saturated liquid. The area of interest has been ...

  2. Response to ``Comment on `Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora: Numerical solutions'''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    of H is largely conserved. Our article identifies several areas where a dynamic simulation is needed , decidedly the opposite argument used in his abstract fully dynamic simulations are needed for the lowestResponse to ``Comment on `Parallel electric fields in the upward current region of the aurora

  3. Study of upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande Doctral Program in Fundamental Science and Energy Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Study of upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande Choji Saji Doctral Program in Fundamental Science.Miyata. They always encouraged and supported me. I acknowledge Prof. Y.Totsuka, spokesman of the Super-Kamiokande.Matsuno, Dr. A.L.Stachyra and Mr. D.Shantanu. I would like to thank all the Super-Kamiokande collaborators

  4. Measurement of the flux and zenith-angle distribution of upward through-going muons by Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration

    1999-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A total of 614 upward through-going muons of minimum energy 1.6 GeV are observed by Super-Kamiokande during 537 detector live days. The measured muon flux is 1.74+/-0.07(stat.)+/-0.02(sys.)x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1} compared to an expected flux of 1.97+/-0.44(theo.)x10^{-13}cm^{-2}s^{-1}sr^{-1}. The absolute measured flux is in agreement with the prediction within the errors. However, the zenith angle dependence of the observed upward through-going muon flux does not agree with no-oscillation predictions. The observed distortion in shape is consistent with the \

  5. Earth's extensive entropy bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Lisewski

    2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The possibility of planetary mass black hole production by crossing entropy limits is addressed. Such a possibility is given by pointing out that two geophysical quantities have comparable values: first, Earth's total negative entropy flux integrated over geological time and, second, its extensive entropy bound, which follows as a tighter bound to the Bekenstein limit when entropy is an extensive function. The similarity between both numbers suggests that the formation of black holes from planets may be possible through a strong fluctuation toward thermodynamic equilibrium which results in gravothermal instability and final collapse. Briefly discussed are implications for the astronomical observation of low mass black holes and for Fermi's paradox.

  6. ResourceBounded Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raja, Anita

    Query Input l Word processing package for aMac. l $200 price limit. l Search process should take 10 min Features l Active search and discovery. l Resource Bounded Reasoning. l Goal­driven and) C (75% 6) (25% 4) enables Subtask Relation Enables NLE Q = Quality D = Duration C = Cost Task

  7. USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: USF4.0102

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Student Green Energy 1.00 1.00 0 Block Fee per Term Activity and Service 7.00 0 0 Athletic 10.00 5.00 5.00 Marshall Center Use 88.00 Student Green Energy 32.00 (2) Each student enrolled in the same undergraduate

  8. Bound States in Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

    2008-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

  9. A newsletter for non-scientists (and scientists) interested in MAGIC The last update discussed how an upward-pointing radar can utilize the Doppler effect to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discussed how an upward-pointing radar can utilize the Doppler effect to determine the downdraft (or updraft the Doppler signal from a vertically pointing radar can be used to determine sizes and numbers of raindrops, the frequency shifts in the Doppler signal corresponds directly to speeds of the drops relative to the ground

  10. Saturating the holographic entropy bound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bousso, Raphael [Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7300 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720-8162 (United States); Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwa-no-Ha, Kashiwa City, Chiba 277-8568 (Japan); Freivogel, Ben; Leichenauer, Stefan [Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7300 (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720-8162 (United States)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The covariant entropy bound states that the entropy, S, of matter on a light sheet cannot exceed a quarter of its initial area, A, in Planck units. The gravitational entropy of black holes saturates this inequality. The entropy of matter systems, however, falls short of saturating the bound in known examples. This puzzling gap has led to speculation that a much stronger bound, S < or approx. A{sup 3/4}, may hold true. In this note, we exhibit light sheets whose entropy exceeds A{sup 3/4} by arbitrarily large factors. In open Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universes, such light sheets contain the entropy visible in the sky; in the limit of early curvature domination, the covariant bound can be saturated but not violated. As a corollary, we find that the maximum observable matter and radiation entropy in universes with positive (negative) cosmological constant is of order {Lambda}{sup -1} ({Lambda}{sup -2}), and not |{Lambda}|{sup -3/4} as had hitherto been believed. Our results strengthen the evidence for the covariant entropy bound, while showing that the stronger bound S < or approx. A{sup 3/4} is not universally valid. We conjecture that the stronger bound does hold for static, weakly gravitating systems.

  11. Entropy bounds for uncollapsed matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel Abreu; Matt Visser

    2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    In any static spacetime the quasilocal Tolman mass contained within a volume can be reduced to a Gauss-like surface integral involving the flux of a suitably defined generalized surface gravity. By introducing some basic thermodynamics, and invoking the Unruh effect, one can then develop elementary bounds on the quasilocal entropy that are very similar in spirit to the holographic bound, and closely related to entanglement entropy.

  12. Energy bounds in designer gravity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amsel, Aaron J.; Marolf, Donald [Physics Department, UCSB, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

    2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider asymptotically anti-de Sitter gravity coupled to tachyonic scalar fields with mass at or slightly above the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound in d{>=}4 spacetime dimensions. The boundary conditions in these ''designer gravity'' theories are defined in terms of an arbitrary function W. We give a general argument that the Hamiltonian generators of asymptotic symmetries for such systems will be finite, and proceed to construct these generators using the covariant phase space method. The direct calculation confirms that the generators are finite and shows that they take the form of the pure gravity result plus additional contributions from the scalar fields. By comparing the generators to the spinor charge, we derive a lower bound on the gravitational energy when W has a global minimum and the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound is not saturated.

  13. Bounds on negativity of superpositions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ou Yongcheng; Fan Heng [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China)

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    For pure bipartite superposed states, the entanglement quantified by negativity is studied. If the entanglement is quantified by concurrence, we show that two pure states with high fidelity to one another have nearly the same entanglement. We deduce an inequality in which the concurrence is known to be a continuous function in infinite dimensions. The main result of this paper is to give the bounds on the negativity of a bipartite state in terms of the entanglement of the states being superposed. These bounds may be used in estimating the entanglement of a given state.

  14. Relativistic self-focusing of ultra-high intensity X-ray laser beams in warm quantum plasma with upward density profile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Habibi, M., E-mail: habibi.physics@gmail.com [Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shirvan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shirvan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghamari, F. [Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramabad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a numerical study of high-intensity X-ray laser beam interaction with warm quantum plasma (WQP) are presented. By means of an upward ramp density profile combined with quantum factors specially the Fermi velocity, we have demonstrated significant relativistic self-focusing (RSF) of a Gaussian electromagnetic beam in the WQP where the Fermi temperature term in the dielectric function is important. For this purpose, we have considered the quantum hydrodynamics model that modifies refractive index of inhomogeneous WQPs with the inclusion of quantum correction through the quantum statistical and diffraction effects in the relativistic regime. Also, to better illustration of the physical difference between warm and cold quantum plasmas and their effect on the RSF, we have derived the envelope equation governing the spot size of X-ray laser beam in Q-plasmas. In addition to the upward ramp density profile, we have found that the quantum effects would be caused much higher oscillation and better focusing of X-ray laser beam in the WQP compared to that of cold quantum case. Our computational results reveal the importance of the use of electrons density profile and Fermi speed in enhancing self-focusing of laser beam.

  15. An Indirect Search for WIMPs in the Sun using 3109.6 days of upward-going muons in Super-Kamiokande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanaka, T; Hayato, Y; Iida, T; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Kouzuma, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Ueno, K; Ueshima, K; Yamada, S; Yokozawa, T; Ishihara, C; Hazama, S; Kaji, H; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; McLachlan, T; Okumura, K; Shimizu, Y; Tanimoto, N; Dufour, F; Kearns, E; Litos3, M; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Cravens, J P; Bays, K; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Regis, C; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Albert, J B; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wendell, R; Wongjirad, T; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Smith, S; Martens, K; Vagins, M; Watanabe, Y; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Nishino, H; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Takeuchi, Y; Ikeda, M; Minamino, A; Nakaya, T; Labarga, L; Fukuda, Y; Itow, Y; Mitsuka, G; Jung, C K; McGrew, C; Lopez, G; Yanagisawa, C; Tamura, N; Ishino, H; Kibayashi, A; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Yoshida, M; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Nishijima, K; Yokosawa, Y; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Yokoyama, M; Chen, S; Heng, Y; Yang, Z; Zhang, H; Kielczewska, D; Mijakowski, P; Connolly, K; Dziomba, M; Thrane, E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the result of an indirect search for high energy neutrinos from WIMP annihilation in the Sun using upward-going muon (upmu) events at Super-Kamiokande. Datasets from SKI-SKIII (3109.6 days) were used for the analysis. We looked for an excess of neutrino signal from the Sun as compared with the expected atmospheric neutrino background in three upmu categories: stopping, non-showering, and showering. No significant excess was observed. The 90% C.L. upper limits of upward-going muon flux induced by WIMPs of 100 GeV/c$^2$ were 6.4$\\times10^{-15}$ cm$^{-2}$ sec$^{-1}$ and 4.0$\\times10^{-15}$ cm$^{-2}$ sec$^{-1}$ for the soft and hard annihilation channels, respectively. These limits correspond to upper limits of 4.5$\\times10^{-39}$ cm$^{-2}$ and 2.7$\\times10^{-40}$ cm$^{-2}$ for spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon scattering cross sections in the soft and hard annihilation channels, respectively.

  16. Search for Quasi Bound $?$ Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Machner

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The search for a quasi bound $\\eta$ meson in atomic nuclei is reviewed. This tentative state is studied theoretically as well as experimentally. The theory starts from elastic $\\eta$ nucleon scattering which is derived from production data within some models. From this interaction the $\\eta$ nucleus interaction is derived. Model calculations predict binding energies and widths of the quasi bound state. Another method is to derive the $\\eta$ nucleus interaction from excitation functions of $\\eta$ production experiments. The $s$ wave interaction is extracted from such data via final state interaction theorem. We give the derivation of $s$ wave amplitudes in partial wave expansion and in helicity amplitudes and their relation to observables. Different experiments extracting the final state interaction are discussed as are production experiments. So far only three experiments give evidence for the existence of the quasi bound state: a pion double charge exchange experiment, an effective mass measurement, and a transfer reaction at recoil free kinematics with observation of the decay of the state.

  17. Optimization Online - Improved semidefinite programming bounds ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Etienne de Klerk

    2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 17, 2009 ... ... programming bounds for quadratic assignment problems with suitable symmetry ... Category 1: Linear, Cone and Semidefinite Programming.

  18. Lower Bounds for Bounded Depth Frege Proofs via Pudlak-Buss Games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harsha, Prahladh

    19 Lower Bounds for Bounded Depth Frege Proofs via Pudl´ak-Buss Games ELI BEN-SASSON Technion. Our method uses the interpretation of proofs as two player games given by Pudl´ak and Buss. Our lower. 2010. Lower bounds for bounded depth Frege proofs via Pudl´ak- Buss games. ACM Trans. Comput. Logic, 11

  19. Decoherence in time evolution of bound entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhe Sun; Xiaoguang Wang; Y. B. Gao; C. P. Sun

    2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a dynamic process of disentanglement by considering the time evolution of bound entanglement for a quantum open system, two qutrits coupling to a common environment. Here, the initial quantum correlations of the two qutrits are characterized by the bound entanglement. In order to show the universality of the role of environment on bound entanglement, both bosonic and spin environments are considered. We found that the bound entanglement displays collapses and revivals, and it can be stable against small temperature and time change. The thermal fluctuation effects on bound entanglement are also considered.

  20. On Page's examples challenging the entropy bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob D. Bekenstein

    2000-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the entropy bound, the entropy of a complete physical system can be universally bounded in terms of its circumscribing radius and total gravitating energy. Page's three recent candidates for counterexamples to the bound are here clarified and refuted by stressing that the energies of all essential parts of the system must be included in the energy the bound speaks about. Additionally, in response to an oft heard claim revived by Page, I give a short argument showing why the entropy bound is obeyed at low temperatures by a complete system. Finally, I remark that Page's renewed appeal to the venerable ``many species'' argument against the entropy bound seems to be inconsistent with quantum field theory.

  1. Unlocking the Mysteries of the Bounding Box

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    information. Feature shape and orientation also contribute to higher Bounding Box Factors, although to a much smaller degree (the highest Bounding Box Factor for a disaggregated feature was 42.077043, while the highest Bounding Box Factor...@erdc.usace.army.mil) is employed as a cartographer and geospatial analyst at the US Army Engineer Research & Development Center, Topographic Engineering Center, Research Division, Information Generation and Management Branch, 7701 Telegraph Road, Alexandria, VA 22315...

  2. BOUNDS ON EIGENVALUES OF MATRICES ARISING FROM ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    energy estimates to obtain bounds on the eigenvalues of the matrices, and ... Our primary goal is to provide a theoretical foundation to the study of spectral.

  3. Hybrid LP/SDP Bounding Procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    on sophisticated Branch and Cut (BC) algorithms based on a smart implicit enumeration of the branching tree. The bounding procedure typically makes use.

  4. REFINED BOUNDS ON THE NUMBER OF CONNECTED ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 6, 2011 ... Smith inequality (see Theorem 2.5) a bound on the number of semi- ... then using Smith inequality, have been used before in several different ...

  5. Optimization Online - Information Relaxation Bounds for Infinite ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Brown

    2014-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 6, 2014 ... ... Relaxation Bounds for Infinite Horizon Markov Decision Processes ... penalties for information in a direct way via control variate terms.

  6. Holographic entropy bounds in the inflationary universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. S. Myung

    2003-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the relation between the holographic entropy bounds and the inflationary universe. First the holographic entropy bounds for radiation-dominated universe, radiation-dominated universe with a positive cosmological constant are introduced. For an exact de Sitter phase, we use the maximal entropy bound. We classify the inflation based on the quasi-de Sitter spacetime into three steps: slow-roll period of inflation, epoch of reheating, and radiation-dominated era. Then we study how to apply three entropy bounds to the three steps of the inflation. Finally we discuss our results.

  7. The viscosity bound in string theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aninda Sinha; Robert C. Myers

    2009-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The ratio of shear viscosity to entropy density $\\eta/s$ of any material in nature has been conjectured to have a lower bound of $1/4\\pi$, the famous KSS bound. We examine string theory models for evidence in favour of and against this conjecture. We show that in a broad class of models quantum corrections yield values of $\\eta/s$ just above the KSS bound. However, incorporating matter fields in the fundamental representation typically leads to violations of this bound. We also outline a program to extend AdS/CFT methods to RHIC phenomenology.

  8. Improved semidefinite programming bounds for quadratic ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 15, 2009 ... nite programming relaxations of the quadratic assignment problem, Math- ematical ... linear term since it arises when doing branch and bound.

  9. Semidefinite code bounds based on quadruple distances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Acknowledgement. We thank Niels Oosterling for very helpful comments on the method. References. [1] E. Agrell, Bounds for unrestricted binary codes,.

  10. Original Article Error Bounds and Metric Subregularity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    theory of error bounds of extended real-valued functions. Another objective is to ... Another observation is that neighbourhood V in the original definition of metric.

  11. Fluctuation bounds on charge and heat diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavel Kovtun

    2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We study thermal fluctuation corrections to charge and heat conductivity in systems with locally conserved energy and charge, but without locally conserved momentum. Thermal fluctuations may naturally lead to a lower bound on diffusion constants for thermoelectric transport, and need to be taken into account when discussing potential bounds on transport coefficients.

  12. Resetting Bounding Nodes in Acquiring Spanish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cebreiros, Ramiro

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses the issue of whether L2 learners can reset parameters, by testing English speakers learning Spanish on their ability to reset the bounding node parameter. The bounding nodes are : IP and NP in English, CP and NP in Spanish...

  13. Notes on polynomially bounded arithmetic Domenico Zambella

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amsterdam, University of

    the collapse of Buss' bounded arithmetic in terms of the provable collapse of the polynomial time hierarchy. We with Buss' bounded arithmetic. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 11 2 Witnessing theorems : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 12 2.2 A model­theoretical version of Buss' witnessing theorem. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 14 2

  14. New bounds on isotropic Lorentz violation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chris Carone; Marc Sher; Marc Vanderhaeghen

    2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Violations of Lorentz invariance that appear via operators of dimension four or less are completely parameterized in the Standard Model Extension (SME). In the pure photonic sector of the SME, there are nineteen dimensionless, Lorentz-violating parameters. Eighteen of these have experimental upper bounds ranging between 10{sup -11} and 10{sup -32}; the remaining parameter, ktr, is isotropic and has a much weaker bound of order 10{sup -4}. In this Brief Report, we point out that ktr gives a significant contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron and find a new upper bound of order 10{sup -8}. With reasonable assumptions, we further show that this bound may be improved to 10{sup -14} by considering the renormalization of other Lorentz-violating parameters that are more tightly constrained. Using similar renormalization arguments, we also estimate bounds on Lorentz violating parameters in the pure gluonic sector of QCD.

  15. Unlocking the Mysteries of the Bounding Box 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    ,50). This bounding box has a width of 360 degrees, rather than 20 degrees, exaggerating by eighteen times the width of the Boxtopia. The Global Gotchas can be clearly seen in Figure 3, where Russia, the United States, Kiribati, Fiji, New Zealand... Bounding Rectangle," MiMi.hu, http://en.mimi.hu/gis/ Page 18 minimum_bounding_rectangle.html 2. Open GIS Consortium, Inc., OpenGIS? Geography Markup Language (GML) Implementation Specification, OGC 02-023r4, Version 3.0, January 29, 2003. https://portal...

  16. Kinetic bounding volume hierarchies for deformable objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel Zachmann; Tu Clausthal

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present novel algorithms for updating bounding volume hierarchies of objects undergoing arbitrary deformations. Therefore, we introduce two new data structures, the kinetic AABB tree and the kinetic BoxTree. The event-based approach of the kinetic data structures framework enables us to show that our algorithms are optimal in the number of updates. Moreover, we show a lower bound for the total number of BV updates, which is independent of the number of frames. We used our kinetic bounding volume hierarchies for collision detection and performed a comparison with the classical bottomup update method. The results show that our algorithms perform up to ten times faster in practically relevant scenarios.

  17. From Thermodynamics to the Bound on Viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahar Hod

    2009-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the generalized second law of thermodynamics may shed much light on the mysterious Kovtun-Son-Starinets (KSS) bound on the ratio of viscosity to entropy density. In particular, we obtain the lower bound $\\eta/s +O(\\eta^3/s^3)\\geq 1/4\\pi$. Furthermore, for conformal field theories we obtain a new fundamental bound on the value of the relaxation coefficient $\\tau_{\\pi}$ of causal hydrodynamics, which has been the focus of much recent attention: $(\\tau_{\\pi}T)^2\\geq {{(\\sqrt{3}-1)}/{2\\pi^2}}$.

  18. Convective heat transfer to CO{sub 2} at a supercritical pressure flowing vertically upward in tubes and an annular channel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bae, Yoon-Yeong; Kim, Hwan-Yeol [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 1045 Daedeokdaero, Yuseong, Daejeon 305-353 (Korea)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Super-Critical Water-Cooled Reactor (SCWR) has been chosen by the Generation IV International Forum as one of the candidates for the next generation nuclear reactors. Heat transfer to water from a fuel assembly may deteriorate at certain supercritical pressure flow conditions and its estimation at degraded conditions as well as in normal conditions is very important to the design of a safe and reliable reactor core. Extensive experiments on a heat transfer to a vertically upward flowing CO{sub 2} at a supercritical pressure in tubes and an annular channel have been performed. The geometries of the test sections include tubes of an internal diameter (ID) of 4.4 and 9.0 mm and an annular channel (8 x 10 mm). The heat transfer coefficient (HTC) and Nusselt numbers were derived from the inner wall temperature converted by using the outer wall temperature measured by adhesive K-type thermocouples and a direct (tube) or indirect (annular channel) electric heating power. From the test results, a correlation, which covers both a deteriorated and a normal heat transfer regime, was developed. The developed correlation takes different forms in each interval divided by the value of parameter Bu. The parameter Bu (referred to as Bu hereafter), a function of the Grashof number, the Reynolds number and the Prandtl number, was introduced since it is known to be a controlling factor for the occurrence of a heat transfer deterioration due to a buoyancy effect. The developed correlation predicted the HTCs for water and HCFC-22 fairly well. (author)

  19. USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 10-051

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    ) through policy promulgation, education and awareness campaigns, and updates to the Tampa Campus Master") is to educate, research, design, and build sustainable, healthy communities and to create a community administered by the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education. C. As a member

  20. USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 6-006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Fire Safety, Hazardous Waste Management, Industrial Hygiene, Laboratory Safety, Occupational Safety: Fire Safety, Hazardous Waste Management, Industrial Hygiene, Laboratory Safety, Occupational Safety

  1. Tree Elaboration Strategies Branch and Bound Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Elon College Terri Anne Johnson, Elon College Monique Guignard-Spielberg, The University of a sharp lower bound technique in these algorithms is one of the major difficulties. Recently, Hahn

  2. REFINED BOUNDS ON THE NUMBER OF CONNECTED ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 6, 2011 ... closure imply using the well-known Smith inequality (see Theorem 2.4) a bound on the number of semi-algebraically connected components of ...

  3. Semidefinite code bounds based on quadruple distances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Personal use is permitted. For any ... a semidefinite program, whose optimum value is an upper bound for A(n, d). ..... This property is closed under linear combinations, matrix ...... from the Institute for Operations Research and Management.

  4. Theory and Modeling of Weakly Bound/Physisorbed Materials for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Theory and Modeling of Weakly BoundPhysisorbed Materials for Hydrogen Storage Theory and Modeling of Weakly BoundPhysisorbed Materials for Hydrogen Storage Presentation on the...

  5. A masked spectral bound for maximum-entropy sampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurt Anstreicher

    2003-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 16, 2003 ... Abstract: We introduce a new masked spectral bound for the maximum-entropy sampling problem. This bound is a continuous generalization of ...

  6. USF System USF USFSP USFSM USFP Number: USF4.0102

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    0 Student Green Energy 1.00 1.00 0 Block Fee per Term Activity and Service 7.00 0 0 Athletic 10.00 5 Green Energy 32.00 (2) Repeat Surcharge - Each student enrolled in the same undergraduate course more

  7. Critical review of [K- ppn] bound states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. K. Magas; E. Oset; A. Ramos

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We make a thorough study of the process of three body kaon absorption in nuclei, in connection with a recent FINUDA experiment which claims the existence of a deeply bound kaonic state from the observation of a peak in the Lambda d invariant mass distribution following K- absorption on Li6. We show that the peak is naturally explained in terms of K- absorption from three nucleons leaving the rest as spectators. We can also reproduce all the other observables measured in the same experiment and used to support the hypothesis of the deeply bound kaon state. Our study also reveals interesting aspects of kaon absorption in nuclei, a process that must be understood in order to make progress in the search for K- deeply bound states in nuclei.

  8. Effective Field Theory for Bound State Reflection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michelle Pine; Dean Lee

    2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Elastic quantum bound-state reflection from a hard-wall boundary provides direct information regarding the structure and compressibility of quantum bound states. We discuss elastic quantum bound-state reflection and derive a general theory for elastic reflection of shallow dimers from hard-wall surfaces using effective field theory. We show that there is a small expansion parameter for analytic calculations of the reflection scattering length. We present a calculation up to second order in the effective Hamiltonian in one, two, and three dimensions. We also provide numerical lattice results for all three cases as a comparison with our effective field theory results. Finally, we provide an analysis of the compressibility of the alpha particle confined to a cubic lattice with vanishing Dirichlet boundaries.

  9. Violation of Energy Bounds in Designer Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Hertog

    2006-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our study of the stability of designer gravity theories, where one considers anti-de Sitter gravity coupled to certain tachyonic scalars with boundary conditions defined by a smooth function W. It has recently been argued there is a lower bound on the conserved energy in terms of the global minimum of W, if the scalar potential arises from a superpotential P and the scalar reaches an extremum of P at infinity. We show, however, there are superpotentials for which these bounds do not hold.

  10. Geometric Lower Bounds for Parametric Matroid Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eppstein, David

    (n)) for the special case of parametric graph minimum spanning trees. The only previous lower bound was (n logr for the sequence of minimum spanning trees in a graph with linearly varying edge weights. This parametric spanning tree problem has applications including the stochastic spanning tree problem studied by Ishii et al

  11. Semidefinite programs for completely bounded norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Watrous

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The completely bounded trace and spectral norms in finite dimensions are shown to be expressible by semidefinite programs. This provides an efficient method by which these norms may be both calculated and verified, and gives alternate proofs of some known facts about them.

  12. Out of Bounds Additive Manufacturing Christopher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    #12;Out of Bounds Additive Manufacturing Christopher Holshouser, Clint Newell, and Sid Palas, Tenn. The Big Area Additive Manufacturing system has the potential to manufacture parts completely) are working on an additive manufacturing (AM) system (Big Area Additive Manufacturing, or BAAM) capable

  13. Upper bounds for Steklov eigenvalues on surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girouard, Alexandre

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We give explicit isoperimetric upper bounds for all Steklov eigenvalues of a compact orientable surface with boundary, in terms of the genus, the length of the boundary, and the number of boundary components. Our estimates generalize a recent result of Fraser-Schoen, as well as the classical inequalites obtained by Hersch-Payne-Schiffer, whose approach is used in the present paper.

  14. PARALLEL ALGORITHM DESIGN FOR BRANCH AND BOUND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bader, David A.

    Chapter 5 PARALLEL ALGORITHM DESIGN FOR BRANCH AND BOUND David A. Bader Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of New Mexico dbader@ece.unm.edu William E. Hart Discrete Mathematics communication net- work enables synchronous inter-processor communication. Grid com- pute platforms exemplify

  15. Estimating Bounds for Quadratic Assignment Problems Associated ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ?Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-. 1804 ... Department of Industrial and Enterprise System Engineering , ... Malah used the projection method [13] to estimate lower and upper bounds for ...... DIMACS 25 Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Sci-.

  16. A Probabilistic Upper Bound on Differential Entropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    one-dimensional distribution, given the support of the distribution and a sample from that distribution, is presented. No knowledge beyond the sup- port of the unknown distribution is required. Previous distribution-free bounds on the cumulative distribution function of a random variable given a sample

  17. Online Deadline Scheduling with Bounded Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Prudence W.H.

    Online Deadline Scheduling with Bounded Energy Efficiency Joseph Wun-Tat Chan1 , Tak-Wah Lam 2 concern when compared to throughput and the schedules targeted may be very poor in energy efficiency subject to a user-defined threshold of energy efficiency. We first show that all deterministic online

  18. The Bounded L2 Curvature Conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergiu Klainerman; Igor Rodnianski; Jeremie Szeftel

    2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the main paper in a sequence in which we give a complete proof of the bounded $L^2$ curvature conjecture. More precisely we show that the time of existence of a classical solution to the Einstein-vacuum equations depends only on the $L^2$-norm of the curvature and a lower bound on the volume radius of the corresponding initial data set. We note that though the result is not optimal with respect to the standard scaling of the Einstein equations, it is nevertheless critical with respect to its causal geometry. Indeed, $L^2$ bounds on the curvature is the minimum requirement necessary to obtain lower bounds on the radius of injectivity of causal boundaries. We note also that, while the first nontrivial improvements for well posedness for quasilinear hyperbolic systems in spacetime dimensions greater than 1+1 (based on Strichartz estimates) were obtained in [Ba-Ch1] [Ba-Ch2] [Ta1] [Ta2] [Kl-R1] and optimized in [Kl-R2] [Sm-Ta], the result we present here is the first in which the full structure of the quasilinear hyperbolic system, not just its principal part, plays a crucial role. To achieve our goals we recast the Einstein vacuum equations as a quasilinear $so(3,1)$-valued Yang-Mills theory and introduce a Coulomb type gauge condition in which the equations exhibit a specific new type of \\textit{null structure} compatible with the quasilinear, covariant nature of the equations. To prove the conjecture we formulate and establish bilinear and trilinear estimates on rough backgrounds which allow us to make use of that crucial structure. These require a careful construction and control of parametrices including $L^2$ error bounds which is carried out in [Sz1]-[Sz4], as well as a proof of sharp Strichartz estimates for the wave equation on a rough background which is carried out in \\cite{Sz5}.

  19. Superactivation, unlockability, and secrecy distribution of bound information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prettico, Giuseppe [Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, E-08860 Castelldefels, Barcelona (Spain); Bae, Joonwoo [School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Bound information, a cryptographic classical analog of bound entanglement, is defined as classical secret correlations from which no secret key can be extracted. Its existence was conjectured and shown in a multipartite case. In this work, we provide an example of bound information in a four-partite scenario. Later, using this example, we prove that bound information can be superactivated and moreover unlockable in a finite-copy scenario. We also show that bound entangled states (bound information) can be used to distribute multipartite pure-state entanglements (secret keys).

  20. Performance bound for quantum absorption refrigerators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luis A. Correa; José P. Palao; Gerardo Adesso; Daniel Alonso

    2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An implementation of quantum absorption chillers with three qubits has been recently proposed, that is ideally able to reach the Carnot performance regime. Here we study the working efficiency of such self-contained refrigerators, adopting a consistent treatment of dissipation effects. We demonstrate that the coefficient of performance at maximum cooling power is upper bounded by 3/4 of the Carnot performance. The result is independent of the details of the system and the equilibrium temperatures of the external baths. We provide design prescriptions that saturate the bound in the limit of a large difference between the operating temperatures. Our study suggests that delocalized dissipation, which must be taken into account for a proper modelling of the machine-baths interaction, is a fundamental source of irreversibility which prevents the refrigerator from approaching the Carnot performance arbitrarily closely in practice. The potential role of quantum correlations in the operation of these machines is also investigated.

  1. Is Fusion Inhibited for Weakly Bound Nuclei?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takahashi, J.; Munhoz, M.; Szanto, E.M.; Carlin, N.; Added, N.; Suaide, A.A.; de Moura, M.M.; Liguori Neto, R.; Szanto de Toledo, A. [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Institute de Fisica, Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Caixa Postal 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, (Brasil)] [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Institute de Fisica, Departamento de Fisica Nuclear, Caixa Postal 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, (Brasil); Canto, L.F. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, (Brasil)] [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, (Brasil)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Complete fusion of light radioactive nuclei is predicted to be hindered at near-barrier energies. This feature is investigated in the case of the least bound stable nuclei. Evaporation residues resulting from the {sup 6,7}Li+{sup 9}Be and {sup 6,7}Li+{sup 12}C fusion reactions have been measured in order to study common features in reactions involving light weakly bound nuclei. The experimental excitation functions revealed that the fusion cross section is significantly smaller than the total reaction cross section and also smaller than the fusion cross section expected from the available systematics. A clear correlation between the fusion probability and nucleon (cluster) separation energy has been established.The results suggest that the breakup process has a strong influence on the hindrance of the fusion cross section. {copyright} {ital 1996} {ital The American Physical Society}

  2. Entropy & viscosity bound of strange stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibasish Laha; Taparati Gangopadhyay; Manjari Bagchi; Mira Dey; Jishnu Dey; Monika Sinha; Subharthi Ray

    2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    At finite temperature (T) there is a link with general relativity and hydrodynamics that leads to a lower bound for the ratio of shear viscosity and entropy density (\\eta/s). We find that the bound is saturated in the simple model for quark matter that we use for strange stars at T = 80 MeV, at the surface of a strange star. At this T we have the possibility of cosmic separation of phases. We find that, although strongly correlated, the quark matter at the surface of strange stars constitute the most perfect interacting fluid permitted by nature. At the centre of the star, however, the density is higher and conditions are more like the results found for perturbative QCD.

  3. The structure of a bound nucleon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cloeet, I. C. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1560 (United States); Bentz, W. [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Thomas, A. W. [CSSM, School of Chemistry and Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005 (Australia)

    2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We highlight some of the progress made in understanding the EMC effect and the NuTeV anomaly using a chiral effective theory of QCD, that is, the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. A natural consequence of this approach is that for nuclear systems the mean scalar and vector fields couple to the quarks inside the bound nucleons and therefore nucleon properties are modified in the medium. In particular, we demonstrate that the medium modification of nucleon quark distributions provides a natural explanation of the EMC effect. We also illustrate how a proton-neutron asymmetry in nuclei leads to an isovector-vector mean-field which couples to the quarks in the bound nucleons and that this mechanism leads to an additional correction to the NuTeV measurement of sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub w}.

  4. Semirelativistic Bound-State Equations: Trivial Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfgang Lucha; Franz F. Schöberl

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Observing renewed interest in long-standing (semi-) relativistic descriptions of bound states, we would like to make a few comments on the eigenvalue problem posed by the spinless Salpeter equation and, illustrated by the examples of the nonsingular Woods-Saxon potential and the singular Hulth\\'en potential, recall elementary tools that practitioners looking for analytic albeit approximate solutions might find useful in their quest.

  5. Multipartite secret key distillation and bound entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remigiusz Augusiak; Pawel Horodecki

    2009-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently it has been shown that quantum cryptography beyond pure entanglement distillation is possible and a paradigm for the associated protocols has been established. Here we systematically generalize the whole paradigm to the multipartite scenario. We provide constructions of new classes of multipartite bound entangled states, i.e., those with underlying twisted GHZ structure and nonzero distillable cryptographic key. We quantitatively estimate the key from below with help of the privacy squeezing technique.

  6. BOUNDS ON WEAK SCATTERING GERALD E. SACKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacks, Gerald E.

    ¤ective bounds is the path taken in this paper. A sketch may help to clarify later sections. Let A(p) be the least 1 admissible set with p as a member. Let Z be a A(p) 1 de...nable set of sentences of L!1;! coded by elements of A(p) such that every model M of Z has the following properties: (1) The ordinals recursive in p

  7. Multipartite secret key distillation and bound entanglement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Augusiak, Remigiusz; Horodecki, Pawel [Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland) and ICFO-Institute Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently it has been shown that quantum cryptography beyond pure entanglement distillation is possible and a paradigm for the associated protocols has been established. Here we systematically generalize the whole paradigm to the multipartite scenario. We provide constructions of new classes of multipartite bound entangled states, i.e., those with underlying twisted Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) structure and nonzero distillable cryptographic key. We quantitatively estimate the key from below with the help of the privacy squeezing technique.

  8. Bounds for the Quadratic Assignment Problem Using the Bundle ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 27, 2003 ... f rame w or k w e in v estigate the e ff ect on the bound a f ter fixing an .... child¤¢ problems; PB and QPB are pro j ected eigen v alue bound and ...

  9. Efficiency bounds for nonequilibrium heat engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pankaj Mehta; Anatoli Polkovnikov

    2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the efficiency of thermal engines (either quantum or classical) working with a single heat reservoir like atmosphere. The engine first gets an energy intake, which can be done in arbitrary non-equilibrium way e.g. combustion of fuel. Then the engine performs the work and returns to the initial state. We distinguish two general classes of engines where the working body first equilibrates within itself and then performs the work (ergodic engine) or when it performs the work before equilibrating (non-ergodic engine). We show that in both cases the second law of thermodynamics limits their efficiency. For ergodic engines we find a rigorous upper bound for the efficiency, which is strictly smaller than the equivalent Carnot efficiency. I.e. the Carnot efficiency can be never achieved in single reservoir heat engines. For non-ergodic engines the efficiency can be higher and can exceed the equilibrium Carnot bound. By extending the fundamental thermodynamic relation to nonequilibrium processes, we find a rigorous thermodynamic bound for the efficiency of both ergodic and non-ergodic engines and show that it is given by the relative entropy of the non-equilibrium and initial equilibrium distributions.These results suggest a new general strategy for designing more efficient engines. We illustrate our ideas by using simple examples.

  10. Stronger security bounds for permutations Daniel J. Bernstein ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators. 1 Introduction Let p be a uniform random, this paper gives a new proof of my recent security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators. The new and (2) the usual intuitive security bound for Wegman- Carter authenticators. See Sections 3 through 5

  11. Stronger security bounds for permutations Daniel J. Bernstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    as a generalization of the author's recent improvement in security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators. 1, this paper gives a new proof of my recent security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators. The new and (2) the usual intuitive security bound for Wegman- Carter authenticators. See Sections 3 through 5

  12. Upper bounds for multiphase composites in any dimension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luis Silvestre

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a rigorous upper bound for the effective conductivity of an isotropic composite made of several isotropic components in any dimension. This upper bound coincides with the Hashin Shtrikman bound when the volume ratio of all phases but any two vanish.

  13. Unified treatment of bound-state and scattering problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adhikari, S.K.; Tomio, L.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The iteration-subtraction method for the unified treatment of bound-state and scattering problems is compared and contrasted with a similar method for the two-body bound-state problem via nonsingular scattering equations developed recently. We also compare another recent method for solving bound-state problems with the iteration-subtraction method.

  14. Independence results for variants of sharply bounded induction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolodziejczyk, Leszek

    formulas in Buss' original language of bounded arithmetic (with x/2 but not x/2y ), has recently been Buss' bounded arithmetic theory S2 has a rich structure of subtheories, all believed to be proper result for the full sharply bounded induction scheme, T0 2 , formulated in Buss' original language

  15. Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Computational Andrew Gearhart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Computational Kernels Andrew Gearhart Electrical Engineering not necessarily reflect the position or the policy of the sponsors. #12;Bounds on the Energy Consumption Fall 2014 #12;Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Computational Kernels Copyright 2014 by Andrew Scott

  16. Model Independent Bounds on Kinetic Mixing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hook, Anson; Izaguirre, Eder; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

    2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    New Abelian vector bosons can kinetically mix with the hypercharge gauge boson of the Standard Model. This letter computes the model independent limits on vector bosons with masses from 1 GeV to 1 TeV. The limits arise from the numerous e{sup +}e{sup -} experiments that have been performed in this energy range and bound the kinetic mixing by {epsilon} {approx}< 0.03 for most of the mass range studied, regardless of any additional interactions that the new vector boson may have.

  17. Lookback time bounds from energy conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santos, J. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Fisica C.P. 1641, 59072-970 Natal, RN (Brazil); Departamento de Astronomia, Observatorio Nacional, 20921-400, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Alcaniz, J. S. [Departamento de Astronomia, Observatorio Nacional, 20921-400, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Reboucas, M. J. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Pires, N. [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Fisica C.P. 1641, 59072-970 Natal, RN (Brazil)

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In general relativity, the energy conditions are invoked to restrict general energy-momentum tensors on physical grounds. We show that in the standard Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) approach to cosmological modeling, where the energy and matter components of the cosmic fluid are unknown, the energy conditions provide model-independent bounds on the behavior of the lookback time of cosmic sources as a function of the redshift for any value of the spatial curvature. We derive and confront such bounds with a lookback time sample which is built from the age estimates of 32 galaxies lying in the interval 0.11 < or approx. z < or approx. 1.84 and by assuming the total expanding age of the Universe to be 13.7{+-}0.2 Gyr, as obtained from current cosmic microwave background experiments. In agreement with previous results, we show that all energy conditions seem to have been violated at some point of the recent past of cosmic evolution.

  18. Bounds on quantum communication via Newtonian gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Kafri; G. J. Milburn; J. M. Taylor

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Newtonian gravity yields specific observable consequences, the most striking of which is the emergence of a $1/r^2$ force. In so far as communication can arise via such interactions between distant particles, we can ask what would be expected for a theory of gravity that only allows classical communication. Many heuristic suggestions for gravity-induced decoherence have this restriction implicitly or explicitly in their construction. Here we show that communication via a $1/r^2$ force has a minimum noise induced in the system when the communication cannot convey quantum information, in a continuous time analogue to Bell's inequalities. Our derived noise bounds provide tight constraints from current experimental results on any theory of gravity that does not allow quantum communication.

  19. Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birch, Daniel A; Young, William R

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The FKPP equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity and this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.

  20. Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel A. Birch; Yue-Kin Tsang; William R. Young

    2007-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The FKPP equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity and this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.

  1. Improved Bounds on Universal Extra Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Flacke

    2006-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on recent constraints on models with a flat ``universal'' extra dimension in which all Standard Model fields propagate in the bulk. A significantly improved constraint on the compactification scale is obtained from the extended set of electroweak precision observables accurately measured at LEP1 and LEP2. We find a lower bound of 1/R > 700 (800) GeV at the 99% (95%) confidence level. Comparison of this constraint with the relic density of Kaluza-Klein dark matter for the Minimal UED model points towards the necessity of including non-minimal boundary terms which motivates studying alternative Kaluza-Klein dark matter candidates. Results for the one-loop induced magnetic dipole moment for Kaluza-Klein neutrino dark matter are presented. This talk is based on Phys.Rev.D73:095002,2006 and hep-ph/0601161.

  2. Bounds on charge and heat diffusivities in momentum dissipating holography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Amoretti; Alessandro Braggio; Nicodemo Magnoli; Daniele Musso

    2015-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Inspired by a recently conjectured universal bound for thermo-electric diffusion constants in quantum critical, strongly coupled systems and relying on holographic analytical computations, we investigate the possibility of formulating Planckian bounds in different holographic models featuring momentum dissipation. For a simple massive gravity dilaton model at zero charge density we find robust linear in temperature resistivity and entropy density alongside a constant electric susceptibility. In addition we explicitly find that the sum of the thermo-electric diffusion constants is bounded.

  3. Asymptotics of the quantum Hamming bound for subsystem codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Ashikhmin and Litsyn showed that all binary stabilizer codes - pure or impure - of sufficiently large length obey the quantum Hamming bound, ruling out the possibility that impure codes of large length can outperform pure codes with respect to sphere packing. In contrast we show that impure subsystem codes do not obey the quantum Hamming bound for pure subsystem codes, not even asymptotically. We show that there exist arbitrarily long Bacon-Shor codes that violate the quantum Hamming bound.

  4. Algorithm for Lot Sizing with Inventory Bounds and Fixed Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alper Atamturk

    2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 26, 2007 ... An O(n^2) Algorithm for Lot Sizing with Inventory Bounds and Fixed Costs. Alper Atamturk (atamturk ***at*** berkeley.edu) Simge Kucukyavuz ...

  5. efficient and cheap bounds for (standard) quadratic optimization1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    for optimization problems is the availability of good and/or efficiently computable bounds on the optimum value of the problem. This well- known fact has induced ...

  6. Bounds for Multistage Stochastic Mixed-Integer Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel L. Zenarosa

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 16, 2014 ... Scenario-Tree Decomposition: Bounds for Multistage Stochastic Mixed-Integer Programs. Gabriel L. Zenarosa(glz5 ***at*** pitt.edu) Oleg A.

  7. Stronger security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    Stronger security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators, authentication, MAC, Wegman-Carter, provable security 1 Introduction This paper proves

  8. Stronger security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    Stronger security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators Daniel J. Bernstein Department probabilities for f. Keywords: mode of operation, authentication, MAC, Wegman-Carter, provable security 1

  9. Stronger security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    Stronger security bounds for Wegman-Carter-Shoup authenticators, MAC, Wegman-Carter, provable security 1 Introduction This paper proves that various

  10. A Hierarchy of Bounds for Stochastic Mixed-Integer Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A Hierarchy of Bounds for Stochastic. Mixed-Integer Programs. 1. Burhaneddin Sand?kç?. The University of Chicago Booth School of Business, Chicago, ...

  11. Tsirelson's bound from a Generalised Data Processing Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlsten, Oscar C O; Renner, Renato

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The strength of quantum correlations is bounded from above by Tsirelson's bound. We establish a connection between this bound and the fact that correlations between two systems cannot increase under local operations, a property known as the \\emph{data processing inequality}. More specifically, we consider arbitrary convex probabilistic theories. These can be equipped with an entropy measure that naturally generalizes the von Neumann entropy, as shown recently in [Short and Wehner]. We prove that if the data processing inequality holds with respect to this generalized entropy measure then the underlying theory necessarily respects Tsirelson's bound. We moreover generalise this statement to any entropy measure satisfying certain minimal requirements.

  12. Optimized Learning with Bounded Error for Feedforward Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggiore, Manfredi

    Optimized Learning with Bounded Error for Feedforward Neural Networks A. Alessandri, M. Sanguineti-based learnings. A. Alessandri is with the Naval Automatio

  13. Optimization Online - Bound Improvement for LNG Inventory Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yufen Shao

    2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 14, 2014 ... In this paper, we develop methods for improving both lower and upper bounds for a previously stated form of an LNG inventory routing problem.

  14. Lower Bounds for the Quadratic Minimum Spanning Tree Problem ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166218X14002467. [6] D. Pereira, M. Gendreau, A. Cunha, Lower bounds and exact algorithms for the ...

  15. analyse bound aroma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Abelian dyon - fermion bound system, parity - violating effects, a new series of energy spectra, effects related to the non - vanishing electric dipole moment, feature of...

  16. Approximation Hardness of TSP with Bounded Metrics (Revised Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckmiller, Rolf

    inequality---within that con­ stant. This lower bound was improved by Engebretsen [8] to 2805=2804 \\Gamma ffl

  17. Global Error bounds for systems of convex polynomials over ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is devoted to study the Lipschitzian/Holderian type global error ...... set is not neccessarily compact, we obtain the Hölder global error bound result.

  18. Optimization Online - A branch and bound algorithm for the global ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaroslav Fowkes

    2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Dec 5, 2011 ... A branch and bound algorithm for the global optimization of Hessian ... with a Lipschitz continuous Hessian over a compact, convex set.

  19. New Fractional Error Bounds for Polynomial Systems with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Our major result extends the existing error bounds from the system involving only a ... linear complementarity systems with polynomial data as well as high-order ...

  20. Controllability of Dynamical Extensions with Bounded Control: Application to Robotics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    1 Controllability of Dynamical Extensions with Bounded Control: Application to Robotics Monique. An application to the motion plan- ning problem for a class of two-driving-wheel mobile robots illustrates- vated by applications coming from robotics, we extend these results to the situation of bounded controls

  1. Decodability of Group Homomorphisms beyond the Johnson Bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    to lift list-decoding bounds for the component codes to bounds for the composed code. We believe.dinur@weizmann.ac.il Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cam- bridge and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cam- bridge, MA. email: swastik

  2. Stronger security bounds for permutations Daniel J. Bernstein #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    as a generalization of the author's recent improvement in security bounds for Wegman­Carter­Shoup authenticators. 1 bounds for Wegman­Carter­Shoup authenticators. The new proof can be viewed as a factorization for Wegman­ Carter authenticators. See Sections 3 through 5. # The author was supported by the National

  3. Froissart Bound on Inelastic Cross Section Without Unknown Constants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, André

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Assuming that axiomatic local field theory results hold for hadron scattering, Andr\\'e Martin and S. M. Roy recently obtained absolute bounds on the D-wave below threshold for pion-pion scattering and thereby determined the scale of the logarithm in the Froissart bound on total cross sections in terms of pion mass only. Previously, Martin proved a rigorous upper bound on the inelastic cross-section $\\sigma_{inel}$ which is one-fourth of the corresponding upper bound on $\\sigma_{tot}$, and Wu, Martin,Roy and Singh improved the bound by adding the constraint of a given $\\sigma_{tot}$. Here we use unitarity and analyticity to determine, without any high energy approximation, upper bounds on energy averaged inelastic cross sections in terms of low energy data in the crossed channel. These are Froissart-type bounds without any unknown coefficient or unknown scale factors and can be tested experimentally. Alternatively, their asymptotic forms,together with the Martin-Roy absolute bounds on pion-pion D-waves below t...

  4. Radio-Frequency Rectification on Membrane Bound Pores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sujatha Ramachandran; Robert H. Blick; Daniel W. van der Weide

    2007-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We present measurements on direct radio-frequency pumping of ion channels and pores bound in bilipid membranes. We make use of newly developed microcoaxes, which allow delivering the high frequency signal in close proximity to the membrane bound proteins and ion channels. We find rectification of the radio-frequency signal, which is used to pump ions through the channels and pores.

  5. Bounded Uncertainty Roadmaps for Path Planning Leonidas J. Guibas1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guibas, Leonidas J.

    Bounded Uncertainty Roadmaps for Path Planning Leonidas J. Guibas1 , David Hsu2 , Hanna Kurniawati2 uncertainty during planning. We in- troduce the notion of a bounded uncertainty roadmap (BURM) and use, and it is not much slower than classic probabilistic roadmap planning algorithms, which ignore uncertainty

  6. A lower bound of quantum conditional mutual information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin Zhang; Junde Wu

    2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a lower bound of quantum conditional mutual information is obtained by employing the Peierls-Bogoliubov inequality and Golden Thompson inequality. Comparison with the bounds obtained by other researchers indicates that our result is independent of any measurements. It may give some new insights over squashed entanglement and perturbations of Markov chain states.

  7. MAX-PLANCK-INSTITUT.. ( Lower Bounds for Set Intersection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Mehlhorn R. Raman C. Uhrig MPI- I-92-127 October 1992 o mPD_ _ _ _ _ _ _ IN F 0 R M AT I K _ _ _ _ __ Im Stadtwald 66123 Saarbrücken Germany #12;Lower Bounds for Set Intersection Queries P. Dietz K. Mehlhorn R. Raman C. Uhrig MPI-I-92-127 October 1992 #12;Lower Bounds for Set Intersection Queries PAUL DIETZ KURT

  8. The strength of sharply bounded induction requires MSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolodziejczyk, Leszek

    in the language of Buss, i.e. with x/2 but without the MSP function x/2y , does not prove that every nontrivial arithmetical fact or the totality of some extremely simple function. Among subsystems of Buss' bounded is essential for Jerabek's argument, so the status of T0 2 formulated in Buss' original bounded arithmetic

  9. Local purity distillation with bounded classical communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hari Krovi; Igor Devetak

    2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Local pure states are an important resource for quantum computing. The problem of distilling local pure states from mixed ones can be cast in an information theoretic paradigm. The bipartite version of this problem where local purity must be distilled from an arbitrary quantum state shared between two parties, Alice and Bob, is closely related to the problem of separating quantum and classical correlations in the state and in particular, to a measure of classical correlations called the one-way distillable common randomness. In Phys. Rev. A 71, 062303 (2005), the optimal rate of local purity distillation is derived when many copies of a bipartite quantum state are shared between Alice and Bob, and the parties are allowed unlimited use of a unidirectional dephasing channel. In the present paper, we extend this result to the setting in which the use of the channel is bounded. We demonstrate that in the case of a classical-quantum system, the expression for the local purity distilled is efficiently computable and provide examples with their tradeoff curves.

  10. Performance evaluation of bound diamond ring tools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piscotty, M.A.; Taylor, J.S.; Blaedel, K.L.

    1995-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    LLNL is collaborating with the Center for Optics Manufacturing (COM) and the American Precision Optics Manufacturers Association (APOMA) to optimize bound diamond ring tools for the spherical generation of high quality optical surfaces. An important element of this work is establishing an experimentally-verified link between tooling properties and workpiece quality indicators such as roughness, subsurface damage and removal rate. In this paper, we report on a standardized methodology for assessing ring tool performance and its preliminary application to a set of commercially-available wheels. Our goals are to (1) assist optics manufacturers (users of the ring tools) in evaluating tools and in assessing their applicability for a given operation, and (2) provide performance feedback to wheel manufacturers to help optimize tooling for the optics industry. Our paper includes measurements of wheel performance for three 2-4 micron diamond bronze-bond wheels that were supplied by different manufacturers to nominally- identical specifications. Preliminary data suggests that the difference in performance levels among the wheels were small.

  11. Reduction potentials of vesicle-bound viologens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yabin Lei; Hurst, J.K. (Oregon Graduate Inst. of Science and Technology, Beaverton (United States))

    1991-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermodynamic reduction potentials have been determined by using spectroelectrochemical and cyclic voltammetric methods for a homologous series of amphiphilic ciologens (N-methyl-N{prime}-alkyl-4,4{prime}-bipyridinium ions, C{sub n}MV{sup 2+}) in a variety of media, including dihexadecyl phosphate (DHP), dioctadecylimethylammonium, and phosphatidylcholine small unilamellar vesicles. In general, potentials for both one-electron steps, i.e., C{sub n}MV{sup 2+} + e{sup {minus}} {yields} C{sub n}MV{sup +} and C{sub n}MV{sup +} + e{sup {minus}} {yields} C{sub n}MV{sup 0}, were insensitive to the alkyl chain length, which was varied over the range n = 6{minus}20. The single exception was a large decrease ({approximately}100 mV) in the first reduction potential for DHP-bound viologens when the chain length was increased from n = 10 to n = 12; this effect was attributed to a change in binding topography. The magnitudes of the reduction potentials were highly dependent upon the vesicle charge; the pattern observed indicated that interfacial electrostatic interactions between the surfactant headgroups and bipyridinium rings were the dominant factors determining the potentials. As discussed in the text, the data allow resolution of several heretofore puzzling observations concerning viologen reactivities in microphase suspensions.

  12. Diffusivity bounds for 1D Brownian polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Tarrès; Bálint Tóth; Benedek Valkó

    2012-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the asymptotic behavior of a self-interacting one-dimensional Brownian polymer first introduced by Durrett and Rogers [Probab. Theory Related Fields 92 (1992) 337--349]. The polymer describes a stochastic process with a drift which is a certain average of its local time. We show that a smeared out version of the local time function as viewed from the actual position of the process is a Markov process in a suitably chosen function space, and that this process has a Gaussian stationary measure. As a first consequence, this enables us to partially prove a conjecture about the law of large numbers for the end-to-end displacement of the polymer formulated in Durrett and Rogers [Probab. Theory Related Fields 92 (1992) 337--349]. Next we give upper and lower bounds for the variance of the process under the stationary measure, in terms of the qualitative infrared behavior of the interaction function. In particular, we show that in the locally self-repelling case (when the process is essentially pushed by the negative gradient of its own local time) the process is super-diffusive.

  13. Mother and Daughter Reports about Upward Transfers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, I-Fen

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I-Fen Lin Bowling Green State University Department ofResearch at Bowling Green State University and by the

  14. Bounds on 2m/r for static perfect fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Mark Heinzle

    2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    For spherically symmetric relativistic perfect fluid models, the well-known Buchdahl inequality provides the bound $2 M/R \\leq 8/9$, where $R$ denotes the surface radius and $M$ the total mass of a solution. By assuming that the ratio $p/\\rho$ be bounded, where $p$ is the pressure, $\\rho$ the density of solutions, we prove a sharper inequality of the same type, which depends on the actual bound imposed on $p/\\rho$. As a special case, when we assume the dominant energy condition $p/\\rho \\leq 1$, we obtain $2 M/R \\leq 6/7$.

  15. Baryonic Bound State of Vortices in Multicomponent Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muneto Nitta; Minoru Eto; Toshiaki Fujimori; Keisuke Ohashi

    2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a bound state of three 1/3-quantized Josephson coupled vortices in three-component superconductors with intrinsic Josephson couplings, which may be relevant with regard to iron-based superconductors. We find a Y-shaped junction of three domain walls connecting the three vortices, resembling the baryonic bound state of three quarks in QCD. The appearance of the Y-junction (but not a Delta-junction) implies that in both cases of superconductors and QCD, the bound state is described by a genuine three-body interaction (but not by the sum of two-body interactions). We also discuss a confinement/deconfinement phase transition.

  16. Elastic breakup cross sections of well-bound nucleons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Wimmer; D. Bazin; A. Gade; J. A. Tostevin; T. Baugher; Z. Chajecki; D. Coupland; M. A. Famiano; T. K. Ghosh; G. F. Grinyer M. E. Howard; M. Kilburn; W. G. Lynch; B. Manning; K. Meierbachtol; P. Quarterman; A. Ratkiewicz; A. Sanetullaev; R. H. Showalter; S. R. Stroberg; M. B. Tsang; D. Weisshaar; J. Winkelbauer; R. Winkler; M. Youngs

    2014-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The 9Be(28Mg,27Na) one-proton removal reaction with a large proton separation energy of Sp(28Mg)=16.79 MeV is studied at intermediate beam energy. Coincidences of the bound 27Na residues with protons and other light charged particles are measured. These data are analyzed to determine the percentage contributions to the proton removal cross section from the elastic and inelastic nucleon removal mechanisms. These deduced contributions are compared with the eikonal reaction model predictions and with the previously measured data for reactions involving the re- moval of more weakly-bound protons from lighter nuclei. The role of transitions of the proton between different bound single-particle configurations upon the elastic breakup cross section is also quantified in this well-bound case. The measured and calculated elastic breakup fractions are found to be in good agreement.

  17. Optimization Online - Lower Bounds on Complexity of Lyapunov ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir Ali Ahmadi

    2015-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 14, 2015 ... Lower Bounds on Complexity of Lyapunov Functions for Switched Linear Systems ... of the optimal product, generalizing a result of Lagarias and Wang. ... belonging to some of the most popular function classes in controls.

  18. Accumulation Rate of Bound States of Dipoles in Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simone Rademacher; Heinz Siedentop

    2015-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove that the bound state energies of the two-dimensional massive Dirac operator with dipole type potentials accumulate with exponentials rate at the band edge. In fact we prove a corresponding formula of De Martino et al (2014)

  19. Dipoles in Graphene Have Infinitely Many Bound States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean-Claude Cuenin; Heinz Siedentop

    2014-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that in graphene charge distributions with non-vanishing dipole moment have infinitely many bound states. The corresponding eigenvalues accumulate at the edges of the gap faster than any power.

  20. Upper bounds on minimum distance of nonbinary quantum stabilizer codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Santosh

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The most popular class of quantum error correcting codes is stabilizer codes. Binary quantum stabilizer codes have been well studied, and Calderbank, Rains, Shor and Sloane (July 1998) have constructed a table of upper bounds on the minimum distance...

  1. Stronger security bounds for WegmanCarterShoup authenticators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    Stronger security bounds for Wegman­Carter­Shoup authenticators Daniel J. Bernstein # Department, Wegman­Carter, provable security 1 Introduction This paper proves that various state­of­the­art 128­bit

  2. A Level-3 Reformulation-Linearization Technique Based Bound for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Hahn

    2009-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical and Systems Engineering, The University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia ... Mathematics and Computer Science, High Point University ... Vandenbussche (2006), the bundle method bound by Rendl and Sotirov (2007), and the Hahn-.

  3. Improvable upper bounds to the piezoelectric polaron ground state energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Soldatov

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    It was shown that an infinite sequence of improving non-increasing upper bounds to the ground state energy (GSE) of a slow-moving piezoeletric polaron can be devised.

  4. Probabilistic Planning for Continuous Dynamic Systems under Bounded Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brian Charles

    This paper presents a model-based planner called the Probabilistic Sulu Planner or the p-Sulu Planner, which controls stochastic systems in a goal directed manner within user-specified risk bounds. The objective of the ...

  5. Effective hydraulic conductivity of bounded, strongly heterogeneous porous media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tartakovsky, Daniel M.

    Effective hydraulic conductivity of bounded, strongly heterogeneous porous media Evangelos K of Arizona, Tucson Abstract. We develop analytical expressions for the effective hydraulic conductivity Ke boundaries. The log hydraulic conductivity Y forms a Gaussian, statistically homogeneous and anisotropic

  6. Variational bounds for the shear viscosity of gelling melts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claas H. Köhler; Henning Löwe; Peter Müller; Annette Zippelius

    2007-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study shear stress relaxation for a gelling melt of randomly crosslinked, interacting monomers. We derive a lower bound for the static shear viscosity $\\eta$, which implies that it diverges algebraically with a critical exponent $k\\ge 2\

  7. A Tight Lower Bound for the Adjacent Quadratic Assignment Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borzou Rostami

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 23, 2014 ... A Tight Lower Bound for the Adjacent Quadratic Assignment Problem ... The first is based on a ``flow'' formulation whose linear relaxation can be solved very efficiently ... Category 2: Integer Programming (0-1 Programming ).

  8. Meta learning of bounds on the Bayes classifier error

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moon, Kevin R; Hero, Alfred O

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Meta learning uses information from base learners (e.g. classifiers or estimators) as well as information about the learning problem to improve upon the performance of a single base learner. For example, the Bayes error rate of a given feature space, if known, can be used to aid in choosing a classifier, as well as in feature selection and model selection for the base classifiers and the meta classifier. Recent work in the field of f-divergence functional estimation has led to the development of simple and rapidly converging estimators that can be used to estimate various bounds on the Bayes error. We estimate multiple bounds on the Bayes error using an estimator that applies meta learning to slowly converging plug-in estimators to obtain the parametric convergence rate. We compare the estimated bounds empirically on simulated data and then estimate the tighter bounds on features extracted from an image patch analysis of sunspot continuum and magnetogram images.

  9. TRANSFORMING USF'S TAMPA CAMPUS FEBRUARY 26, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    of the renovated 10,000 seat Sun Dome include: · 4-sided, center-hung LED video scoreboard overall energy consump'on by 18% and low-flow plumbing fixtures will reduce will cut arena's irriga'on needs by 50%. · Due to the these energy-saving measures

  10. TRANSFORMING USF'S TAMPA CAMPUS FALL 2012 PRESENTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    'es Management Highlights of the renovated 10,000 seat Sun Dome include: · 4-sided high-efficiency air condi'oning and other systems will reduce overall energy's irriga'on needs by 50%. · Due to the these energy-saving measures, overall energy

  11. Thermodynamic and quantum bounds on nonlinear DC thermoelectric transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert S. Whitney

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    I consider the non-equilibrium DC transport of electrons through a quantum system with a thermoelectric response. This system may be any nanostructure or molecule modeled by the nonlinear scattering theory which includes Hartree-like electrostatic interactions exactly, and certain dynamic interaction effects (decoherence and relaxation) phenomenologically. This theory is believed to be a reasonable model when single-electron charging effects are negligible. I derive three fundamental bounds for such quantum systems coupled to multiple macroscopic reservoirs, one of which may be superconducting. These bounds affect nonlinear heating (such as Joule heating), work and entropy production. Two bounds correspond to the first law and second law of thermodynamics in classical physics. The third bound is quantum (wavelength dependent), and is as important as the thermodynamic ones in limiting the capabilities of mesoscopic heat-engines and refrigerators. The quantum bound also leads to Nernst's unattainability principle that the quantum system cannot cool a reservoir to absolute zero in a finite time, although it can get exponentially close.

  12. Direct Sum Theorem for Bounded Round Quantum Communication Complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dave Touchette

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove a direct sum theorem for bounded round entanglement-assisted quantum communication complexity. To do so, we use the fully quantum definition for information cost and complexity that we recently introduced, and use both the fact that information is a lower bound on the communication, and the fact that a direct sum property holds for quantum information complexity. We then give a protocol for compressing a single copy of a protocol down to its quantum information cost, up to terms depending on the number of rounds and the allowed increase in error. Two important tools to derive this protocol are a smooth conditional min-entropy bound for a one-shot quantum state redistribution protocol, and the quantum substate theorem of Jain, Radhakrishnan and Sen (FOCS'02) to transform this bound into a von Neumann conditional entropy bound. This result further establishes the newly introduced notions of quantum information cost and complexity as the correct quantum generalisations of the classical ones in the standard communication complexity setting. Finding such a quantum generalization of information complexity was one of the open problem recently raised by Braverman (STOC'12).

  13. New upper bounds for nonbinary codes Dion Gijswijt , Alexander Schrijver y , Hajime Tanaka z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Alexander

    - diagonalizing the Terwilliger algebra of the nonbinary Hamming scheme, the bound can be calculated in time bounds for binary codes. Keywords: codes, nonbinary codes, upper bounds, Delsarte bound, Terwilliger alge with the Terwilliger algebra [7] of H(n; q). In section 3 it is shown how the algebra A q;n can be used to obtain a new

  14. Entropy bound for the photon gas in noncommutative spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nozari, K; Kamali, A Damavandi; Vakili, B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the doubly special relativity theories and noncommutative spacetime structures, thermodynamical properties of the photon gas in a phase space with compact spatial momentum space is studied. At the high temperature limit, the upper bounds for the internal energy and entropy are obtained which are determined by the size of the compact spatial momentum space. The maximum internal energy turns out to be of the order of the Planck energy and the entropy bound is then determined by the factor $\\big(V/l_{_{\\rm Pl}}^3\\big)$ through the relevant identification of the size of the momentum space with Planck scale. The entropy bound is very similar to the case of Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of black holes and suggests that thermodynamics of black holes may be deduced from a saturated state in the framework of a full quantum gravitational statistical mechanics.

  15. Bousso entropy bound for ideal gas of massive particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Gersl

    2008-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Bousso entropy bound is investigated for static spherically symmetric configurations of ideal gas with Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distribution function. Gas of massive particles is considered. The paper is continuation of the previous work concerning the massless case. Special attention is devoted to lightsheets generated by spheres. Conditions under which the Bousso bound can be violated are discussed and it is shown that a possible violating region cannot be arbitrarily large and that it is contained inside a sphere of unit Planck radius if the number of independent spin states $g_s$ is small enough. It is also shown that the central temperature must exceed the Planck temperature in order to get a violation of the Bousso bound for $g_s$ not too large. The situation for higher-dimensional spacetimes is also discussed and the FMW conditions are investigated.

  16. On Subsystem Codes Beating the Hamming or Singleton Bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Klappenecker; Pradeep Kiran Sarvepalli

    2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Subsystem codes are a generalization of noiseless subsystems, decoherence free subspaces, and quantum error-correcting codes. We prove a Singleton bound for GF(q)-linear subsystem codes. It follows that no subsystem code over a prime field can beat the Singleton bound. On the other hand, we show the remarkable fact that there exist impure subsystem codes beating the Hamming bound. A number of open problems concern the comparison in performance of stabilizer and subsystem codes. One of the open problems suggested by Poulin's work asks whether a subsystem code can use fewer syndrome measurements than an optimal MDS stabilizer code while encoding the same number of qudits and having the same distance. We prove that linear subsystem codes cannot offer such an improvement under complete decoding.

  17. Free-bound emission from cosmological hydrogen recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Chluba; R. A. Sunyaev

    2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we compute the emission coming from the direct recombination of free electrons to a given shell (n>=2) during the epoch of cosmological hydrogen recombination. This contribution leads to a total of one photon per recombined hydrogen atom and therefore a ~30-88% increase of the recombination spectrum within the frequency range 1 GHzhydrogen atom we find that a total of ~5 photons per hydrogen atom are emitted when including all the bound-bound transitions, the 2s two-photon decay channel and the optically thin free-bound transitions. Since the direct recombination continuum at high n is very broad only a few n-series continuua are distinguishable and most of this additional emission below nu<~30 GHz is completely featureless.

  18. Geometric lower bound for a quantum coherence measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego Paiva Pires; Lucas C. Céleri; Diogo O. Soares-Pinto

    2015-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Nowadays, geometric tools are being used to treat a huge class of problems of quantum information science. By understanding the interplay between the geometry of the state space and information-theoretic quantities, it is possible to obtain less trivial and more robust physical constraints on quantum systems. In this sense, here we establish a geometric lower bound for the Wigner-Yanase skew information (WYSI), a well-known information theoretic quantity recently recognized as a proper quantum coherence measure. Starting from a mixed state evolving under unitary dynamics, while WYSI is a constant of motion, the lower bound indicates the rate of change of quantum statistical distinguishability between initial and final states. Our result shows that, since WYSI fits in the class of Petz metrics, this lower bound is the change rate of its respective geodesic distance on quantum state space. The geometric approach is advantageous because raises several physical interpretations of this inequality under the same theoretical umbrella.

  19. Implications of a viscosity bound on black hole accretion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aninda Sinha; Banibrata Mukhopadhyay

    2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the viscosity bound in gauge/gravity duality, we consider the ratio of shear viscosity (eta) to entropy density (s) in black hole accretion flows. We use both an ideal gas equation of state and the QCD equation of state obtained from lattice for the fluid accreting onto a Kerr black hole. The QCD equation of state is considered since the temperature of accreting matter is expected to approach 10^{12}K in certain hot flows. We find that in both the cases eta/s is small only for primordial black holes and several orders of magnitude larger than any known fluid for stellar and supermassive black holes. We show that a lower bound on the mass of primordial black holes leads to a lower bound on eta/s and vice versa. Finally we speculate that the Shakura-Sunyaev viscosity parameter should decrease with increasing density and/or temperatures.

  20. Stable heteronuclear few-atom bound states in mixed dimensions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin Tao; Zhang Peng; Zhang Wei [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872 (China)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study few-body problems in mixed dimensions where two or three heavy atoms are trapped individually in parallel one-dimensional tubes or two-dimensional disks and a single light atom travels freely in three dimensions. Using the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, we find three- and four-body bound states for a broad parameter region. Specifically, the existence of trimer and tetramer states persists to the negative scattering length regime, where no two-body bound state is present. As pointed out by Y. Nishida in an earlier work [Phys. Rev. A 82, 011605(R) (2010)], these few-body bound states are stable against three-body recombination due to geometric separation. In addition, we find that the binding energy of the ground trimer and tetramer state reaches its maximum value when the scattering lengths are comparable to the separation between the low-dimensional traps.

  1. Bounded limit for the Monte Carlo point-flux-estimator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grimesey, R.A.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a Monte Carlo random walk the kernel K(R,E) is used as an expected value estimator at every collision for the collided flux phi/sub c/ r vector,E) at the detector point. A limiting value for the kernel is derived from a diffusion approximation for the probability current at a radius R/sub 1/ from the detector point. The variance of the collided flux at the detector point is thus bounded using this asymptotic form for K(R,E). The bounded point flux estimator is derived. (WHK)

  2. Electron magneto-hydrodynamic waves bounded by magnetic bubble

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anitha, V. P.; Sharma, D.; Banerjee, S. P.; Mattoo, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The propagation of electron magneto-hydrodynamic (EMHD) waves is studied experimentally in a 3-dimensional region of low magnetic field surrounded by stronger magnetic field at its boundaries. We report observations where bounded left hand polarized Helicon like EMHD waves are excited, localized in the region of low magnetic field due to the boundary effects generated by growing strengths of the ambient magnetic field rather than a conducting or dielectric material boundary. An analytical model is developed to include the effects of radially nonuniform magnetic field in the wave propagation. The bounded solutions are compared with the experimentally obtained radial wave magnetic field profiles explaining the observed localized propagation of waves.

  3. Bioavailability of sediment-bound contaminants to marine organisms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, B. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States); [Colby Coll., Waterville, ME (United States); Neff, J. [Battelle/Marine Sciences Lab., Sequim, WA (United States); [Battelle Ocean Sciences, Duxbury, MA (United States)

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bioavailability of sediment-bound contaminants to marine organisms indicates that there exists a potential for transfer of these contaminants through marine food webs to commercial fisheries products consumed by humans. However, there has been relatively little effort to combine and synthesize data on chemical/biological interactions between benthic animals and seagrasses and the sediments in which they reside on the one hand, and on the chemistry of bioaccumulation on the other. This report provides a conceptual basis for an approach to bioavailability and biomagnification of sediment-bound contaminants that reviews biological and chemical approaches.

  4. Usefulness of bound-state approximations in reaction theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adhikari, S.K.

    1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A bound-state approximation when applied to certain operators, such as the many-body resolvent operator for a two-body fragmentation channel, in many-body scattering equations, reduces such equations to equivalent two-body scattering equations which are supposed to provide a good description of the underlying physical process. In this paper we test several variants of bound-state approximations in the soluble three-boson Amado model and find that such approximations lead to weak and unacceptable kernels for the equivalent two-body scattering equations and hence to a poor description of the underlying many-body process.

  5. Critical review of deeply bound kaonic nuclear states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. K. Magas; E. Oset; A. Ramos; H. Toki

    2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We critically revise the recent claims of narrow deeply bound kaonic states and show that at present there is no convincing experimental evidence for their existence. In particular, we discuss in details the claim of K- pp deeply bound state associated to a peak seen in the Lambda p invariant mass spectrum from K- nuclear absorption reactions by the FINUDA collaboration. An explicit theoretical simulation shows that the peak is simply generated from a two-nucleon absorption process, like K- pp --> Lambda p, followed by final-state interactions of the produced particles with the residual nucleus.

  6. Dancing Volvox: Hydrodynamic Bound States of Swimming Algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knut Drescher; Kyriacos C. Leptos; Idan Tuval; Takuji Ishikawa; Timothy J. Pedley; Raymond E. Goldstein

    2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The spherical alga Volvox swims by means of flagella on thousands of surface somatic cells. This geometry and its large size make it a model organism for studying the fluid dynamics of multicellularity. Remarkably, when two nearby Volvox swim close to a solid surface, they attract one another and can form stable bound states in which they "waltz" or "minuet" around each other. A surface-mediated hydrodynamic attraction combined with lubrication forces between spinning, bottom-heavy Volvox explains the formation, stability and dynamics of the bound states. These phenomena are suggested to underlie observed clustering of Volvox at surfaces.

  7. Lower bounds on the absorption probability of beam splitters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Scheel

    2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive a lower limit to the amount of absorptive loss present in passive linear optical devices such as a beam splitter. We choose a particularly simple beam splitter geometry, a single planar slab surrounded by vacuum, which already reveals the important features of the theory. It is shown that, using general causality requirements and statistical arguments, the lower bound depends on the frequency of the incident light and the transverse resonance frequency of a suitably chosen single-resonance model only. For symmetric beam splitters and reasonable assumptions on the resonance frequency $\\omega_T$, the lower absorption bound is $p_{\\min}\\approx 10^{-6}(\\omega/\\omega_T)^4$.

  8. Tight bound on the coherent-state quantum key distribution with heterodyne detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lodewyck, Jerome [Thales Research and Technologies, RD 128, 91767 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, UMR 8501, Campus Universitaire, Batiment 503, 91403 Orsay Cedex (France); Grangier, Philippe [Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l'Institut d'Optique, CNRS, UMR 8501, Campus Universitaire, Batiment 503, 91403 Orsay Cedex (France)

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose an upper bound for the eavesdropper's information in the direct and reverse reconciliated coherent states quantum key distribution protocols with heterodyne detection. This bound is derived by maximizing the leaked information over the symplectic group of transformations that spans every physical Gaussian attack on individual pulses. We exhibit four different attacks that reach this bound, which shows that this bound is tight. Finally, we compare the secret key rate obtained with this bound to the homodyne rate.

  9. Introduction Group Sequencing The Best-Case Completion Time Lower Bounds Experiments Conclusion Best-Case Lower Bounds in a Group Sequence for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recanati, Catherine

    Introduction Group Sequencing The Best-Case Completion Time Lower Bounds Experiments Conclusion Best-Case Lower Bounds in a Group Sequence for the Job Shop Problem Guillaume Pinot Nasser Mebarki Pinot, Nasser Mebarki Best-Case Lower Bounds in a Group Sequence 1/24 #12;Introduction Group Sequencing

  10. Revising Specifications with CTL Properties using Bounded Model Checking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finger, Marcelo

    Revising Specifications with CTL Properties using Bounded Model Checking No Author Given that inconsistencies arise between the formal specification and some desired property. Belief Revision deals. In this paper, we propose the use of belief revision techniques in order to deal with inconsistencies in formal

  11. POINTWISE GREEN FUNCTION BOUNDS AND STABILITY OF COMBUSTION WAVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texier, Benjamin - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    POINTWISE GREEN FUNCTION BOUNDS AND STABILITY OF COMBUSTION WAVES GREGORY LYNG, MOHAMMADREZA ROOFI for traveling wave solutions of an abstract viscous combustion model including both Majda's model and the full-wave) approximation. Notably, our results apply to combustion waves of any type: weak or strong, detonations or defla

  12. Bound entanglement in the magic simplex of two--qutrits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reinhold A. Bertlmann; Philipp Krammer

    2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the entanglement properties of a three--parameter family of states that are part of the magic simplex of two qutrits, which is a simplex of states that are mixtures of maximally entangled two--qutrit Bell states. Using entanglement witnesses we reveal large regions of bound entangled and separable states.

  13. Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Michael I.

    . Jordan1,2 Martin J. Wainwright1,2 1 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 2Local Privacy and Minimax Bounds: Sharp Rates for Probability Estimation John C. Duchi1 Michael I Department of Statistics University of California, Berkeley {jduchi

  14. Transdichotomous algorithms without multiplication some upper and lower bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brodnik, Andrej "Andy"

    Trans­dichotomous algorithms without multiplication ­ some upper and lower bounds Andrej Brodnik 1 that on a RAM with addition, subtraction, bitwise Boolean operations and shifts, but no multiplication; 1g w of w­bit bit strings (or numbers between 0 and 2 w \\Gamma 1). An increasingly popular

  15. New Lower Bounds for Online k-Server Routing Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krumke, Sven O.

    New Lower Bounds for Online k-Server Routing Problems Irene Fink a Sven O. Krumke a Stephan, 67653 Kaiserslautern, Germany. {fink,krumke,westphal}@mathematik.uni-kl.de Abstract In a k-server routing problem k 1 servers move in a metric space in order to visit specified points or carry objects

  16. Particle physics implications of the WMAP neutrino mass bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Bhattacharyya; H. Päs; L. Song; T. J. Weiler

    2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The recently published cosmological bound on the absolute neutrino masses obtained from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) data has important consequences for neutrino experiments and models. Taken at face value, the new bound excludes the determination of the absolute neutrino mass in the KATRIN experiment and disfavors a neutrino oscillation interpretation of the LSND experiment. Combined with the KamLAND and Super-K data, the WMAP bound defines an accessible range for the neutrinoless double beta decay amplitude. The bound also impacts the Z-burst annihilation mechanism for resonant generation of extreme-energy cosmic rays on the cosmic neutrino background in two ways: it constrains the local overdensity of neutrino dark matter which is not helpful, but it also limits the resonant energy to a favorable range. In R-parity violating SUSY models neutrino masses are generated by trilinear and bilinear lepton number violating couplings. The WMAP result improves the constraints on these couplings over their existing values by an order of magnitude.

  17. Two heavy fermions bound via Higgs boson exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor Flambaum; Michael Kuchiev

    2011-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A system of two heavy fermions, leptons or quarks of the fourth generation, which are bound together via the Higgs boson exchange is studied. The conventional Yukawa-type interaction produced by this exchange is accompanied by several important corrections. We derived the Hamiltonian, which describes the correction arising from the retardation (compare the Breit correction in QED); we also calculated the relativistic and radiative corrections. The Higgs-induced bound state appears for the fermion mass m>m_{cr} \\approx 500 GeV. When the long-range Coulomb interaction or the gluon exchange are included, the bound states exist for any mass, but the Higgs exchange drastically increases the binding energy of these states when m is approaching m_{cr}. In the region m>m_{cr} the gluon exchange gives a sizable correction to the Higgs induced binding energy. This correction greatly exceeds typical binding energies in the states produced via the gluon exchange only. The possibility of detection of the considered bound states at LHC is discussed.

  18. Calculation of size for bound-state constituents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanislaw D. Glazek

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Elements are given of a calculation that identifies the size of a proton in the Schroedinger equation for lepton-proton bound states, using the renormalization group procedure for effective particles (RGPEP) in quantum field theory, executed only up to the second order of expansion in powers of the coupling constant. Already in this crude approximation, the extraction of size of a proton from bound-state observables is found to depend on the lepton mass, so that the smaller the lepton mass the larger the proton size extracted from the same observable bound-state energy splitting. In comparison of Hydrogen and muon-proton bound-state dynamics, the crude calculation suggests that the difference between extracted proton sizes in these two cases can be a few percent. Such values would match the order of magnitude of currently discussed proton-size differences in leptonic atoms. Calculations using the RGPEP of higher order than second are required for a precise interpretation of the energy splittings in terms of the proton size in the Schroedinger equation. Such calculations should resolve the conceptual discrepancy between two conditions: that the renormalization group scale required for high accuracy calculations based on the Schroedinger equation is much smaller than the proton mass (on the order of a root of the product of reduced and average masses of constituents) and that the energy splittings due to the physical proton size can be interpreted ignoring corrections due to the effective nature of constituents in the Schr\\"odinger equation.

  19. How Efficient Can We Be?: Bounds on Algorithm Energy Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    How Efficient Can We Be?: Bounds on Algorithm Energy Consumption Andrew Gearhart #12;Relation design use feedback to "cotune" compute kernel energy efficiency #12;Previous Work: Communication Lower-optimal" algorithms #12;Communication is energy inefficient! · On-chip/Off-chip gap isn't going to improve much Data

  20. An operational semantics of a timely bounded agent abstract machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    An operational semantics of a timely bounded agent abstract machine Technical Report LIRMM #RR an agent abstract machine and its operational semantics. The dynamics of the agent abstract machine of the agent abstract machine using parallel evaluations. Simplicity and expressiveness are important features

  1. A Hierarchy of Bounds on Accessible Information and Informational Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michele Dall'Arno

    2015-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum theory imposes fundamental limitations to the amount of information that can be carried by any quantum system. On the one hand, Holevo bound rules out the possibility to encode more information in a quantum system than in its classical counterpart, comprised of perfectly distinguishable states. On the other hand, when states are uniformly distributed in the state space, the so-called subentropy lower bound is saturated. How uniform quantum systems are can be naturally quantified by characterizing them as $t$-designs, with $t = \\infty$ corresponding to the uniform distribution. Here we show the existence of a trade-off between the uniformity of a quantum system and the amount of information it can carry. To this aim, we derive a hierarchy of informational bounds as a function of $t$ and prove their tightness for qubits and qutrits. By deriving asymptotic formulae for large dimensions, we also show that the statistics generated by any $t$-design with $t > 1$ contains no more than a single bit of information, and this amount decreases with $t$. Holevo and subentropy bounds are recovered as particular cases for $t = 1$ and $t = \\infty$, respectively.

  2. Linear Tolls Suce: New bounds and algorithms for tolls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleischer, Lisa K.

    ; 1] ordered by their increasing willingness to pay tolls to reduce latency | their valuation of time. Cole, et al. give an algorithm that computes optimal tolls for a bounded number of agent valuations with optimal tolls is independent of the distribution of valuations of time of the users. In particular

  3. A Calibration Bound for the M-Theory Fivebrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. Baerwald; N. D. Lambert; P. C. West

    1999-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a covariant bound on the energy-momentum of the M-fivebrane which is saturated by all supersymmetric configurations. This leads to a generalised notion of a calibrated geometry for M-fivebranes when the worldvolume gauge field is non-zero. The generalisation relevant for Dp-branes is also given.

  4. Lower bounding procedure for the Asymmetric Quadratic Traveling ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    a lower bound is to linearize the quadratic terms xijxjk for all (i, j),(j, k) ? A ..... Consider any cycle C. Since column Cp is the selected column to enter the basis we ..... some kind of subtour elimination constraint, we restrict the search to find a

  5. Distributed Network Monitoring with Bounded Link Utilization in IP Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Li Erran

    1 Distributed Network Monitoring with Bounded Link Utilization in IP Networks Li Li Center multiple pollers located at different points in the network. However, using distributed pollers could for Networking Research Lucent Bell Labs erranlli@dnrc.bell-labs.com Marina Thottan Center for Networking

  6. Information bounds for Gibbs samplers Priscilla E. Greenwood \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKeague, Ian

    approximately doubles under random sweep. 1 Introduction The Gibbs sampler is a widely used Markov chain Monte and phrases. Efficient estimator, empirical estimator, Markov chain Monte Carlo, vari­ ance bound. 1 #12­studied problem; recent references are Frigessi, Hwang, Sheu and Di Stefano (1993), Ingrassia (1994), Meyn

  7. CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krokhin, Andrei

    CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa , V´ictor Dalmaub , Andrei Krokhin satisfaction problem (CSP) provides a framework in which it is possible to express, in a natural way, many.g., [11, 18]) that the CSP can be cast as the following fundamental problem: given two finite relational

  8. CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krokhin, Andrei

    CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa , V´ictor Dalmaub , Andrei Krokhin problem (CSP) provides a framework in which it is possible to express, in a natural way, many.g., [10, 14]) that the CSP can be cast as the following fundamental problem: given two finite relational

  9. Bounded, Periodic Relative Motion using Canonical Epicyclic Orbital Elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    Bounded, Periodic Relative Motion using Canonical Epicyclic Orbital Elements N. Jeremy Kasdin using canonical perturbation theory for studying relative motion trajectories and for finding simple motion [2, 3, 4, 5]. This has the advantage that Lagrange's planetary equations (LPEs) or Gauss

  10. LOWER BOUNDS FOR THE POLYNOMIAL CALCULUS AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgall, Jiri

    ) and fur­ ther studied by Buss et al. (1997) and Razborov (1996) . It generalizes the Nulstellensatz system (Buss et al. 1997) . Besides its naturalness as a proof system and connection to bounded­depth Frege allowed as lines. Such a proof system is discussed by Buss et al. 1997.) As a partial converse, Clegg et

  11. PROOF COMPLEXITY IN ALGEBRAIC SYSTEMS AND BOUNDED DEPTH FREGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgall, Jiri

    PROOF COMPLEXITY IN ALGEBRAIC SYSTEMS AND BOUNDED DEPTH FREGE SYSTEMS WITH MODULAR COUNTING S. Buss (ø) := minfjßj : f(ß) = øg; #12; 2 S. Buss et al. where jßj is the length of the string ß to showing that NP 6= coNP . Despite extensive research (see the expository articles Buss (1995b) , Kraj

  12. Directional Dark Matter Detection Beyond the Neutrino Bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philipp Grothaus; Malcolm Fairbairn; Jocelyn Monroe

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Coherent scattering of solar, atmospheric and diffuse supernovae neutrinos creates an irreducible background for direct dark matter experiments with sensitivities to WIMP-nucleon spin-independent scattering cross-sections of 10^(-46)-10^(-48) cm^2, depending on the WIMP mass. Even if one could eliminate all other backgrounds, this "neutrino floor" will limit future experiments with projected sensitivities to cross-sections as small as 10^(-48) cm^2. Direction-sensitive detectors have the potential to study dark matter beyond the neutrino bound by fitting event distributions in multiple dimensions: recoil kinetic energy, recoil track angle with respect to the sun, and event time. This work quantitatively explores the impact of direction-sensitivity on the neutrino bound in dark matter direct detection.

  13. Kinetic Bounding Volume Hierarchies for Collision Detection of Deformable Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel Zachmann; Rene Weller

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present novel algorithms for updating bounding volume hierarchies of objects undergoing arbitrary deformations. Therefore, we introduce two new data structures, the kinetic AABB tree and the kinetic BoxTree. The event-based approach of the kinetic data structures framework enables us to show that our algorithms are optimal in the number of updates. Moreover, we show a lower bound for the total number of BV updates, which is independent of the number of frames. Furthermore, we present a kinetic data structures which uses the kinetic AABB tree for collision detection and show that this structure can be easily extended for continuous collision detection of deformable objects. We performed a comparison of our kinetic approaches with the classical bottom-up update method. The results show that our algorithms perform up to ten times faster in practically relevant scenarios.

  14. Bounds on negative energy densities in static space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher J. Fewster; Edward Teo

    1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Certain exotic phenomena in general relativity, such as backward time travel, appear to require the presence of matter with negative energy. While quantum fields are a possible source of negative energy densities, there are lower bounds - known as quantum inequalities - that constrain their duration and magnitude. In this paper, we derive new quantum inequalities for scalar fields in static space-times, as measured by static observers with a choice of sampling function. Unlike those previously derived by Pfenning and Ford, our results do not assume any specific sampling function. We then calculate these bounds in static three- and four-dimensional Robertson-Walker universes, the de Sitter universe, and the Schwarzschild black hole. In each case, the new inequality is stronger than that of Pfenning and Ford for their particular choice of sampling function.

  15. Holographic superconductors near the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George Siopsis; Jason Therrien; Suphot Musiri

    2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss holographic superconductors in an arbitrary dimension whose dual black holes have scalar hair of mass near the Breitenlohner-Freedman bound. We concentrate on low temperatures in the probe limit. We show analytically that when the bound is saturated, the condensate diverges at low temperatures as $|\\ln T|^\\delta$, where $\\delta$ depends on the dimension. This mild divergence was missed in earlier numerical studies. We calculate the conductivity analytically and show that at low temperatures, all poles move toward the real axis. We obtain an increasingly large number of poles which approach the zeroes of the Airy function in 2+1 dimensions and of the Gamma function in 3+1 dimensions. Our analytic results are in good agreement with numerical results whenever the latter are available.

  16. Proton lifetime bounds from chirally symmetric lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Aoki; P. Boyle; P. Cooney; L. Del Debbio; R. Kenway; C. M. Maynard; A. Soni; R. Tweedie

    2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results for the matrix elements relevant for proton decay in Grand Unified Theories (GUTs). The calculation is performed at a fixed lattice spacing a^{-1}=1.73(3) GeV using 2+1 flavors of domain wall fermions on lattices of size 16^3\\times32 and 24^3\\times64 with a fifth dimension of length 16. We use the indirect method which relies on an effective field theory description of proton decay, where we need to estimate the low energy constants, \\alpha = -0.0112(25) GeV^3 and \\beta = 0.0120(26) GeV^3. We relate these low energy constants to the proton decay matrix elements using leading order chiral perturbation theory. These can then be combined with experimental bounds on the proton lifetime to bound parameters of individual GUTs.

  17. An improved cosmological bound on the thermal axion mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandro Melchiorri; Olga Mena; Anze Slosar

    2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Relic thermal axions could play the role of an extra hot dark matter component in cosmological structure formation theories. By combining the most recent observational data we improve previous cosmological bounds on the axion mass m_a in the so-called hadronic axion window. We obtain a limit on the axion mass m_a axion mass. If neutrino masses belong to an inverted hierarchy scheme, for example, the above constraint is improved to m_a < 0.38eV at the 95% c.l. (m_a < 0.67eV at the 99% c.l.). Future data from experiments as CAST will provide a direct test of the cosmological bound.

  18. Free Energies of Dilute Bose gases: upper bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun Yin

    2010-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive a upper bound on the free energy of a Bose gas system at density $\\rho$ and temperature $T$. In combination with the lower bound derived previously by Seiringer \\cite{RS1}, our result proves that in the low density limit, i.e., when $a^3\\rho\\ll 1$, where $a$ denotes the scattering length of the pair-interaction potential, the leading term of $\\Delta f$ the free energy difference per volume between interacting and ideal Bose gases is equal to $4\\pi a (2\\rho^2-[\\rho-\\rhoc]^2_+)$. Here, $\\rhoc(T)$ denotes the critical density for Bose-Einstein condensation (for the ideal gas), and $[\\cdot ]_+$ $=$ $\\max\\{\\cdot, 0\\}$ denotes the positive part.

  19. Upper Bound on Fidelity of Classical Sagnac Gyroscope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas B. Bahder

    2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerous quantum mechanical schemes have been proposed that are intended to improve the sensitivity to rotation provided by the classical Sagnac effect in gyroscopes. A general metric is needed that can compare the performance of the new quantum systems with the classical systems. The fidelity (Shannon mutual information between the measurement and the rotation rate) is proposed as a metric that is capable of this comparison. A theoretical upper bound is derived for the fidelity of an ideal classical Sagnac gyroscope. This upper bound for the classical Sagnac gyroscope should be used as a benchmark to compare the performance of proposed enhanced classical and quantum rotation sensors. In fact, the fidelity is general enough to compare the quality of two different apparatuses (two different experiments) that attempt to measure the same quantity.

  20. The EMC effect in the few-body bound states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molochkov, A. [Far Eastern National University, 690950 Vladivostok (Russian Federation)

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The deep inelastic scattering of leptons off nuclei is studied within the the Bethe-Salpeter formalism. It is shown that nuclear short-range structure can be expressed in terms of the nucleon structure functions and four-dimensional Fermi motion of the nucleons. The four-dimensional Fermi motion broadens the bound nucleon localization area, what leads to the observation of the nucleon structure change in nuclei--EMC effect. The {sup 4}He to deuteron structure functions ratio is found in good agreement with experimental data. It is shown that the pattern of the ratio is defined by dynamical properties of the nucleon structure and four-dimensional geometry of the bound state.

  1. Bounds on Quantum Multiple-Parameter Estimation with Gaussian State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang Gao; Hwang Lee

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the quantum Cramer-Rao bounds on the joint multiple-parameter estimation with the Gaussian state as a probe. We derive the explicit right logarithmic derivative and symmetric logarithmic derivative operators in such a situation. We compute the corresponding quantum Fisher information matrices, and find that they can be fully expressed in terms of the mean displacement and covariance matrix of the Gaussian state. Finally, we give some examples to show the utility of our analytical results.

  2. Bound states of a more general exponential screened Coulomb potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sameer M. Ikhdair; Ramazan Sever

    2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An alternative approximation scheme has been used in solving the Schrodinger equation to the more general case of exponential screened Coulomb potential, V(r)=-(a/r)\\[1+(1+br)e^{-2br}]. The bound state energies of the 1s, $2s, and 3s-states, together with the ground state wave function are obtained analytically upto the second perturbation term.

  3. Supernova Bounds on keV-mass Sterile Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sterile neutrinos of keV masses are one of the most promising candidates for the warm dark matter, which could solve the small-scale problems encountered in the scenario of cold dark matter. We present a detailed study of the production of such sterile neutrinos in a supernova core, and derive stringent bounds on the active-sterile neutrino mixing angles and sterile neutrino masses based on the standard energy-loss argument.

  4. Bounds on Information and the Security of Quantum Cryptography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Biahm; T. Mor

    1997-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Strong attacks against quantum key distribution use quantum memories and quantum gates to attack directly the final key. In this paper we extend a novel security result recently obtained, to demonstrate proofs of security against a wide class of such attacks. To reach this goal we calculate information-dependent reduced density matrices, we study the geometry of quantum mixed states, and we find bounds on the information leaked to an eavesdropper. Our result suggests that quantum cryptography is ultimately secure.

  5. D-brane Bound States and the Generalised ADHM Construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. D. Lambert

    1998-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the sigma model description of a D-string bound to k D-fivebranes in type I string theory. The effective theory is an (0,4) supersymmetric hyper-Kahler with torsion sigma model on the moduli space of Sp(k) instantons on R^4. Upon toroidal compactification to five dimensions the model is related to the type II picture where the target space is a symmetric product of K3's.

  6. Double Diffusion in Enclosure Bounded by Massive and Volatilizing Walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, D.; Tang, G.; Zhao, F.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ICEBO2006, Shenzhen, China Maximize Comfort: Temperature, Humidity and IAQ Vol.I-6-5 Double Diffusion in Enclosure Bounded by Massive and Volatilizing Walls Di Liu Guangfa Tang Fuyun Zhao Doctoral Professor.... INTRODUCTION It has become evident that building products are major contributors to the pollution of the indoor air environment with volatile organic compounds (VOCs) [1]. The indoor airflow and temperature distributions also have influence on the emission...

  7. SWKB Quantization Rules for Bound States in Quantum Wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anjana Sinha; Rajkumar Roychoudhury

    1999-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In a recent paper by Gomes and Adhikari (J.Phys B30 5987(1997)) a matrix formulation of the Bohr-Sommerfield quantization rule has been applied to the study of bound states in one dimension quantum wells. Here we study these potentials in the frame work of supersymmetric WKB (SWKB) quantization approximation and find that SWKB quantization rule is superior to the modified Bohr-Sommerfield or WKB rules as it exactly reproduces the eigenenergies.

  8. General schedulability bound analysis and its applications in real-time systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianjia

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    schedulability bounds for arbitrary static priority schedulers, weighted round robin schedulers, and timed token ring schedulers. Existing utilization bounds for these schedulers are obtained from the closed-form formula by direct assignment of proper parameters...

  9. A Lower Bound for the Quadratic Assignment Problem Based on a Level-2 Reformulation-Linearization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terri Anne Johnson, Clemson University Monique Guignard-Spielberg, The University of Pennsylvania-and-bound are the most successful, but the lack of sharp lower bounds in these algorithms has been one of the major

  10. New bounding techniques for channel codes over quasi-static fading channels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jingyu

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reliable wireless communication systems. Although there have been some published results on analyzing the performance of channel codes over QSFCs, most of them produced quite loose performance upper bounds. In this thesis, the general Gallager bounding...

  11. A simplex of bound entangled multipartite qubit states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. C. Hiesmayr; F. Hipp; M. Huber; Ph. Krammer; Ch. Spengler

    2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a simplex for multipartite qubit states of even number n of qubits, which has the same geometry concerning separability, mixedness, kind of entanglement, amount of entanglement and nonlocality as the bipartite qubit states. We derive the entanglement of the class of states which can be described by only three real parameters with the help of a multipartite measure for all discrete systems. We prove that the bounds on this measure are optimal for the whole class of states and that it reveals that the states possess only n-partite entanglement and not e.g. bipartite entanglement. We then show that this n-partite entanglement can be increased by stochastic local operations and classical communication to the purest maximal entangled states. However, pure n-partite entanglement cannot be distilled, consequently all entangled states in the simplex are n-partite bound entangled. We study also Bell inequalities and find the same geometry as for bipartite qubits. Moreover, we show how the (hidden) nonlocality for all n-partite bound entangled states can be revealed.

  12. Bound states of the Dirac equation on Kerr spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolan, Sam R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We formulate the Dirac equation for a massive neutral spin-half particle on a rotating black hole spacetime, and we consider its (quasi)bound states: gravitationally-trapped modes which are regular across the future event horizon. These bound states decay with time, due to the absence of superradiance in the (single-particle) Dirac field. We introduce a practical method for computing the spectrum of energy levels and decay rates, and we compare our numerical results with known asymptotic results in the small-$M \\mu$ and large-$M \\mu$ regimes. By applying perturbation theory in a horizon-penetrating coordinate system, we compute the `fine structure' of the energy spectrum, and show good agreement with numerical results. We obtain data for a hyperfine splitting due to black hole rotation. We evolve generic initial data in the time domain, and show how Dirac bound states appear as spectral lines in the power spectra. In the rapidly-rotating regime, we find that the decay of low-frequency co-rotating modes is sup...

  13. Tighter quantum uncertainty relations follow from a general probabilistic bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florian Fröwis; Nicolas Gisin

    2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Uncertainty relations (URs) like the Heisenberg-Robertson or the time-energy UR are often considered to be hallmarks of quantum theory. Here, a simple derivation of these URs is presented based on a single classical inequality from estimation theory, a Cram\\'er-Rao-like bound. The Heisenberg-Robertson UR is then obtained by using the Born rule and the Schr\\"odinger equation. This allows a clear separtion of the probabilistic nature of quantum mechanics from the Hilbert space structure and the dynamical law. It also simplifies the interpretation of the bound. In addition, the Heisenberg-Robertson UR is tightened for mixed states by replacing one variance by the so-called quantum Fisher information. Thermal states of Hamiltonians with evenly-gapped energy levels are shown to saturate the tighter bound for natural choices of the operators. This example is further extended to Gaussian states of a harmonic oscillator. For many-qubit systems, we illustrate the interplay between entanglement and the structure of the operators that saturate the UR with spin-squeezed states and Dicke states.

  14. Improved cosmological bound on the thermal axion mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melchiorri, Alessandro; Mena, Olga [INFN Sez. di Roma, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza', P.le A. Moro, 5, I-00185 Rome (Italy); Slosar, Anze [Astrophysics, Denys Wilkinson Building, University of Oxford, Keble Road, OX3RH1, Oxford (United Kingdom); Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Relic thermal axions could play the role of an extra hot dark matter component in cosmological structure formation theories. By combining the most recent observational data we improve previous cosmological bounds on the axion mass m{sub a} in the so-called hadronic axion window. We obtain a limit on the axion mass m{sub a}<0.42 eV at the 95% C.L. (m{sub a}<0.72 eV at the 99% C.L.). A novel aspect of the analysis presented here is the inclusion of massive neutrinos and how they may affect the bound on the axion mass. If neutrino masses belong to an inverted hierarchy scheme, for example, the above constraint is improved to m{sub a}<0.38 eV at the 95% C.L. (m{sub a}<0.67 eV at the 99% C.L.). Future data from experiments as CAST will provide a direct test of the cosmological bound.

  15. Approximation Hardness of TSP with Bounded Metrics Lars Engebretsen? Marek Karpinski??

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckmiller, Rolf

    |note that such a distance function always satis es the triangle inequality|within that constant. This lower bound

  16. Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami Johan Hastad y Madhu Sudan z David Zuckerman x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guruswami, Venkatesan

    Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami #3; Johan HÅ¡astad y Madhu Sudan z David

  17. LOWER BOUNDS ON THE GLOBAL MINIMUM OF A M. GHASEMI, J.B. LASSERRE, M. MARSHALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Murray

    LOWER BOUNDS ON THE GLOBAL MINIMUM OF A POLYNOMIAL M. GHASEMI, J.B. LASSERRE, M. MARSHALL Abstract. We extend the method of Ghasemi and Marshall [SIAM. J. Opt. 22(2) (2012), pp 460-473], to obtain compare this bound with the (global) lower bound fgp ob- tained by Ghasemi and Marshall, and also

  18. New code upper bounds from the Terwilliger algebra and semidefinite programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Alexander

    1 New code upper bounds from the Terwilliger algebra and semidefinite programming Alexander n and minimum distance at least d. It is based on block­diagonalising the Terwilliger alge­ bra, Terwilliger algebra, upper bounds. I. DESCRIPTION OF THE METHOD We present a new upper bound on A(n, d

  19. New code upper bounds from the Terwilliger algebra and semidefinite programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Alexander

    1 New code upper bounds from the Terwilliger algebra and semidefinite programming Alexander and minimum distance at least d. It is based on block-diagonalising the Terwilliger alge- bra of the Hamming, Terwilliger algebra, upper bounds. I. DESCRIPTION OF THE METHOD We present a new upper bound on A(n, d

  20. A Union Bound Approximation for Rapid Performance Evaluation of Punctured Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    A Union Bound Approximation for Rapid Performance Evaluation of Punctured Turbo Codes Ioannis a simple technique to approximate the performance union bound of a punctured turbo code. The bound to calculate the most significant terms of the transfer function of a turbo encoder. We demonstrate that

  1. A note on a result of Buss concerning bounded theories and the collection scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmundo, Mário Jorge

    A note on a result of Buss concerning bounded theories and the collection scheme Fernando Ferreira Abstract Samuel Buss showed that, under certain circunstances, adding the collection scheme for bounded of Samuel Buss (a good reference for bounded theories is Part C of [HP93]). In [B87] Buss presents two

  2. Fast concurrent array-based stacks, queues and deques using fetch-and-increment-bounded, fetch-and-decrement-bounded and store-on-twin synchronization primitives

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Dong; Gara, Alana; Heidelberger, Philip; Kumar, Sameer; Ohmacht, Martin; Steinmacher-Burow, Burkhard; Wisniewski, Robert

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Implementation primitives for concurrent array-based stacks, queues, double-ended queues (deques) and wrapped deques are provided. In one aspect, each element of the stack, queue, deque or wrapped deque data structure has its own ticket lock, allowing multiple threads to concurrently use multiple elements of the data structure and thus achieving high performance. In another aspect, new synchronization primitives FetchAndIncrementBounded (Counter, Bound) and FetchAndDecrementBounded (Counter, Bound) are implemented. These primitives can be implemented in hardware and thus promise a very fast throughput for queues, stacks and double-ended queues.

  3. Decay dynamics of nascent acetonitrile and nitromethane dipole-bound anions produced by intracluster charge-transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumark, Daniel M.

    Decay dynamics of nascent acetonitrile and nitromethane dipole-bound anions produced (2014) Decay dynamics of nascent acetonitrile and nitromethane dipole-bound anions produced 2014; published online 13 May 2014) Decay dynamics of nascent dipole bound states of acetonitrile

  4. Groups generated by bounded automata and their schreier graphs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bondarenko, Ievgen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    by Bounded Automata and Their Schreier Graphs. (December 2007) Ievgen Bondarenko, B.S., National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, Ukraine; M.S., National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, Ukraine Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Rostislav Grigorchuk... maps In Chapter III we study spectral properties and iterations of piecewise linear maps of the form fK(v) = min A?K Av, v?RN, (1.1) where K is a finite set of nonnegative square matrices of fixed dimension and by ?min? we mean component-wise minimum...

  5. Groups generated by bounded automata and their schreier graphs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bondarenko, Ievgen

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    by Bounded Automata and Their Schreier Graphs. (December 2007) Ievgen Bondarenko, B.S., National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, Ukraine; M.S., National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv, Ukraine Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Rostislav Grigorchuk... maps In Chapter III we study spectral properties and iterations of piecewise linear maps of the form fK(v) = min A?K Av, v?RN, (1.1) where K is a finite set of nonnegative square matrices of fixed dimension and by “min” we mean component-wise minimum...

  6. Effect of transverse current on Andreev bound state

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takahashi, Y.; Hashimoto, Y.; Yun, D. H.; Kim, S. W.; Nakamura, T.; Iye, Y.; Katsumoto, S. [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha, 277-8581 Chiba (Japan)

    2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In a superconductor-normal-superconductor (SNS) structure, the effect of transverse current across the normal part on the transport through Andreev bound states (ABSs) has been examined. Here a ballistic InAs two-dimensional electron system (2DES) is used as the N-layer to form ABSs. At the same time the 2DES has strong spin-orbit interaction, hence there should emerge the spin-Hall effect associated with the transverse current. We have observed strong reduction of characteristic oscillation in the conductance versus bias voltage, which may be attributed to spin polarization due to the spin-Hall effect.

  7. Radiative corrections in fermion bags bound by Higgs boson exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Yu. Kuchiev; V. V. Flambaum

    2011-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiative corrections for several heavy fermions bound together via the Higgs boson exchange are studied. The fermion bags considered include 12, or fewer, fermions occupying the lowest S_{1/2} shell. It is shown that for `moderately heavy' fermions with masses 0.4< m c^2< 1 TeV the radiative corrections are small, 10^{-2}, and have an attractive nature. Therefore they do not put existence of the fermion bag in doubt. This proves that these fermion bags can exist in nature.

  8. Entangled webs: Tight bound for symmetric sharing of entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masato Koashi; Vladimir Buzek; Nobuyuki Imoto

    2000-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantum entanglement cannot be unlimitedly shared among arbitrary number of qubits. Larger the number of entangled pairs in an N-qubit system, smaller the degree of bi-partite entanglement is. We analyze a system of N qubits in which an arbitrary pair of particles is entangled. We show that the maximum degree of entanglement (measured in the concurrence) between any pair of qubits is 2/N. This tight bound can be achieved when the qubits are prepared in a pure symmetric (with respect to permutations) state with just one qubit in the basis state |0> and the others in the basis state |1>.

  9. How quantum bound states bounce and the structure it reveals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean Lee; Michelle Pine

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate how quantum bound states bounce from a hard surface. Our analysis has applications to ab initio calculations of nuclear structure and elastic deformation, energy levels of excitons in semiconductor quantum dots and wells, and cold atomic few-body systems on optical lattices with sharp boundaries. We develop the general theory of elastic reflection for a composite body from a hard wall. On the numerical side we present ab initio calculations for the compression of alpha particles and universal results for two-body states. On the analytical side we derive a universal effective potential that gives the reflection scattering length for shallow two-body states.

  10. Is there a bound dineutron in {sup 11}Li?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ieki, K.; Galonsky, A.; Sackett, D.; Kruse, J.J.; Lynch, W.G.; Morrissey, D.J.; Orr, N.A.; Sherrill, B.M.; Winger, J.A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)] [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Deak, F.; Horvath, A.; Kiss, A. [Department of Atomic Physics, Eoetvoes University, Puskin utca 5-7, H-1088 Budapest 8 (Hungary)] [Department of Atomic Physics, Eoetvoes University, Puskin utca 5-7, H-1088 Budapest 8 (Hungary); Seres, Z. [Central Research Institute for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary)] [Central Research Institute for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1525 Budapest 114 (Hungary); Kolata, J.J. [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Warner, R.E. [Department of Physics, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio 44074 (United States); Humphrey, D.L. [Department of Physics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101 (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Photodisintegration of {sup 11}Li was accomplished by sending a beam of {sup 11}Li at 28 MeV/nucleon through the equivalent photon field of a lead target. By measuring the complete kinematics of the disintegration products, {sup 9}Li+{ital n}+{ital n}, we constructed the correlation of the angle between the two neutrons in the rest frame of the {sup 11}Li. The correlation is independent of angle. This result argues against the existence of a bound dineutron in the ground state of {sup 11}Li. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  11. Widget:BoundingCoordinatesHelper | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri GlobalJump to:Westwood RenewablesBoundingCoordinatesHelper Jump to:

  12. South Bound Brook, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk, NewSingaporeSonix Japan Inc JumpBarrington ElectricBay,Bound

  13. Bound Neutrons Pave Way to Free Ones | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find FindRewindParticleBorn on anJeffersonBound Neutrons

  14. Bounding the Higgs Width Through Interferometry | SciTech Connect

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office511041clothAdvanced Materials Advanced Materials Find FindRewindParticleBorn on anJeffersonBound

  15. Upper bound on the cutoff in the Standard Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veselov, A I

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main objective of this presentation is to point out that the Upper bound on the cutoff in lattice Electroweak theory is still unknown. The consideration of the continuum theory is based on the perturbation expansion around trivial vacuum. The internal structure of the lattice Weinberg - Salam model may appear to be more complicated especially in the region of the phase diagram close to the phase transition between the physical Higgs phase and the unphysical symmetric phase of the lattice model, where the continuum physics is to be approached. We represent the results of our numerical investigation of the quenched model at infinite bare scalar self coupling $\\lambda$. These results demonstrate that at $\\lambda = \\infty$ the upper bound on the cutoff is around $\\frac{\\pi}{a} = 1.4$ Tev. The preliminary results for finite $\\lambda$ are also presented. Basing on these results we cannot yet make a definite conclusion on the maximal value of the cutoff admitted in the lattice model, although we have found that ...

  16. Process for releasing ammonia bound in coal water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laufhutte, D.; Weber, H.

    1981-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for releasing ammonia which is bound in coal water using a pre-desulfurization plant having ammonia and hydrogen sulfide scrubbers through which crude coking plant gas is passed comprises circulating the crude coke oven gases through the hydrogen sulfide scrubber and the ammonia scrubber in succession, directing the coal water first through the ammonia scrubber while the crude coking plant gases are being also circulated therethrough after passing it first through the hydrogen sulfide scrubber. An alkali solution is also circulated through the ammonia scrubber to enrich the solution with acid components and to liberate ammonia bound in the coal water directing the coal water which has been enriched from the ammonia scrubber into the hydrogen sulfide scrubber. The process is characterized by the fact that the alkali solution which has first served for the hydrogen sulfide scrubber is added to the ammonia hydrogen sulfide scrubber. 80 to 90% of the total alkali solution is charged to the hydrogen sulfide after-washery and then on the hydrogen sulfide pre-washery and the rest is charged to an ammonia expulsion apparatus.

  17. Bounds to binding energies from the concavity of thermodynamical functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. K. Jennings; B. R. Barrett; B. G. Giraud

    2007-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Sequences of experimental ground-state energies are mapped onto concave patterns cured from convexities due to pairing and/or shell effects. The same patterns, completed by a list of excitation energies, can be used to give numerical estimates of the grand potential $\\Omega(\\beta,\\mu)$ for a mixture of nuclei at low or moderate temperatures $T=\\beta^{-1}$ and at many chemical potentials $\\mu.$ The average nucleon number $(\\beta,\\mu)$ then becomes a continuous variable, allowing extrapolations towards nuclear masses closer to drip lines. We study the possible concavity of several thermodynamical functions, such as the free energy and the average energy, as functions of $.$ Concavity, when present in such functions, allows trivial interpolations and extrapolations providing upper and lower bounds, respectively, to binding energies. Such bounds define an error bar for the prediction of binding energies. An extrapolation scheme for such concave functions is tested. We conclude with numerical estimates of the binding energies of a few nuclei closer to drip lines.

  18. Bound for entropy and viscosity ratio for strange quark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manjari Bagchi; Jishnu Dey; Mira Dey; Taparati Gangopadhyay; Sibasish Laha; Subharthi Ray; Monika Sinha

    2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    High energy density ($\\eps$) and temperature (T) links general relativity and hydrodynamics leading to a lower bound for the ratio of shear viscosity ($\\eta$) and entropy density ($s$). We get the interesting result that the bound is saturated in the simple model for quark matter that we use for strange stars at the surface for $T \\sim 80 MeV$. At this $T$ we have the possibility of cosmic separation of phases. At the surface of the star where the pressure is zero - the density $\\eps$ has a fixed value for all stars of various masses with correspondingly varying central energy density $\\eps_c$. Inside the star where this density is higher, the ratio of $\\eta/s$ is larger and are like the known results found for perturbative QCD. This serves as a check of our calculation. The deconfined quarks at the surface of the strange star at $T = 80 MeV$ seem to constitute the most perfect interacting fluid permitted by nature.

  19. Synthesis and application of new polymer bound catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fetterly, Brandon Michael

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nitric acid has been shown to be a weak acid in acetonitrile. It is conceivable that a nitrate salt of a weakly Lewis acidic cation could furnish a ''naked'' nitrate anion as a basic catalyst in a variety of reactions in non-aqueous solvents. Such a nitrate salt could also be bound to a polymeric support via the cation, thereby allowing for reclamation and recycling of the nitrate ion. This subject is dealt with in Chapter 2, wherein my contributions consisted of performing all the reactions with the polymer supported catalyst and carrying out the experiments necessary to shed light on the reaction mechanisms. Chapter 3 contains a description of the structure and catalytic properties of an azidoproazaphosphatrane. This compound is an air-stable versatile catalyst that has proven useful not only homogeneously, but also when bound to a solid support. The synthesis of a polymer bound proazaphosphatrane containing a trivalent phosphorus is presented in Chapter 4. Such a compound has been sought after by our group for a number of years. Not only does the synthesis I have accomplished for it allow for easier separation of proazaphosphatrane catalysts from reaction mixtures, but recycling of the base is made much simpler. Proazaphosphatranes are useful homogeneous catalysts that activate atoms in other reagents, thus enhancing their reactivity. The next chapters deal with two such reactions with aldehydes and ketones, namely silylcyanations with trialkylsilylcyanides (Chapters 5 and 6) and reductions with poly(methylhydrosiloxane), in Chapter 7. In Chapter 5, Zhigang Wang performed the initial optimization and scoping of the reaction, while repetitions of the scoping experiments for reproducibility, determination of diastereomeric ratios, and experiments aimed at elucidating aspects of the mechanism were performed by me. The proazaphosphatrane coordinates to the silicon atom in both cases, thereby allowing the aforementioned reactions to proceed under much milder conditions. Proazaphosphatranes are also effective Broensted-Lowry bases. This is illustrated in Chapter 8 wherein a wide variety of conjugate addition reactions are catalyzed by proazaphosphatranes. In that chapter, repetitions of the nitroalkane addition reactions for reproducibility, improved spectral data for the products and comparisons of literature yields of all reactions were performed by the author.

  20. arXiv:math.NT/0407264v218Jul2004 BOUNDS FOR TORSION ON ABELIAN VARIETIES WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Roy

    . These latter bounds are applied to classify rational torsion on CM elliptic curves over number fields of degree. Introduction Let K be a field. We say that torsion is strongly bounded for abelian varieties of di- mension d field extension, then if torsion is strongly bounded over K, it is automatically strongly bounded over K

  1. Ensemble-based characterization of unbound and bound states on protein energy landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruvinsky, Anatoly M; Tuzikov, Alexander V; Vakser, Ilya A

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Characterization of protein energy landscape and conformational ensembles is important for understanding mechanisms of protein folding and function. We studied ensembles of bound and unbound conformations of six proteins to explore their binding mechanisms and characterize the energy landscapes in implicit solvent. First, results show that bound and unbound spectra often significantly overlap. Moreover, the larger the overlap the smaller the RMSD between bound and unbound conformational ensembles. Second, the analysis of the unbound-to-bound changes points to conformational selection as the binding mechanism for four of the proteins. Third, the center of the unbound spectrum has a higher energy than the center of the corresponding bound spectrum of the dimeric and multimeric states for most of the proteins. This suggests that the unbound states often have larger entropy than the bound states considered outside of the complex. Fourth, the exhaustively long minimization, making small intra-rotamer adjustments, ...

  2. Photophysical properties of pyrene covalently bound to polyelectrolytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stramel, R.D.; Nguyen, C.; Webber, S.E.; Rodgers, M.A.J.

    1988-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Copolymers of methacrylic acid, acrylic acid, and poly(styrenesulfonate) have been prepared with small mole fractions of 1-vinylpyrene. The fluorescence properties and quenching efficiencies in water have been measured for high and low pH with methylviologen, sulfonated propylmethylviologen, and a neutral zwitterionic viologen. It has been found that static (or contact) quenching plays a significant role. Formation of a pyrene-viologen charge-transfer complex was observed at high and low pH. Charge separation following redox quenching does not occur for the viologens, unlike the analogous vinyldiphenylanthracene polymers. The absence of charge separation is tentatively ascribed to the formation of a relatively tightly bound complex during the quenching event.

  3. Photochemical energy conversion by membrane-bound photoredox systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tollin, G.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of our effort during the past grant period has been directed towards investigating electron transfer processes involving redox proteins at lipid bilayer/aqueous interfaces. This theme, as was noted in our previous three year renewal proposal, is consistent with our goal of developing biomimetic solar energy conversion systems which utilize the unique properties of biological electron transfer molecules. Thus, small redox proteins such as cytochrome c, plastocyanin and ferredoxin function is biological photosynthesis as mediators of electron flow between the photochemical systems localized in the membrane, and more complex soluble or membrane-bound redox proteins which are designed to carry out specific biological tasks such as transbilayer proton gradient formation, dinitrogen fixation, ATP synthesis, dihydrogen synthesis, generation of strong reductants, etc. In these studies, we have utilized two principal experimental techniques, laser flash photolysis and cyclic voltammetry, both of which permit direct measurements of electron transfer processes.

  4. Turbulent patterns in wall-bounded flows: a Turing instability?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manneville, Paul

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In their way to/from turbulence, plane wall-bounded flows display an interesting transitional regime where laminar and turbulent oblique bands alternate, the origin of which is still mysterious. In line with Barkley's recent work about the pipe flow transition involving reaction-diffusion concepts, we consider plane Couette flow in the same perspective and transform Waleffe's classical four-variable model of self-sustaining process into a reaction-diffusion model. We show that, upon fulfillment of a condition on the relative diffusivities of its variables, the featureless turbulent regime becomes unstable against patterning as the result of a Turing instability. A reduced two-variable model helps us to delineate the appropriate region of parameter space. An {\\it intrinsic} status is therefore given to the pattern's wavelength for the first time. Virtues and limitations of the model are discussed, calling for a microscopic support of the phenomenological approach.

  5. Security bounds for efficient decoy-state quantum key distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Lucamarini; James F. Dynes; Bernd Fröhlich; Zhiliang Yuan; Andrew J. Shields

    2015-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Information-theoretical security of quantum key distribution (QKD) has been convincingly proven in recent years and remarkable experiments have shown the potential of QKD for real world applications. Due to its unique capability of combining high key rate and security in a realistic finite-size scenario, the efficient version of the BB84 QKD protocol endowed with decoy states has been subject of intensive research. Its recent experimental implementation finally demonstrated a secure key rate beyond 1 Mbps over a 50 km optical fiber. However the achieved rate holds under the restrictive assumption that the eavesdropper performs collective attacks. Here, we review the protocol and generalize its security. We exploit a map by Ahrens to rigorously upper bound the Hypergeometric distribution resulting from a general eavesdropping. Despite the extended applicability of the new protocol, its key rate is only marginally smaller than its predecessor in all cases of practical interest.

  6. Cosmological bounds on sub-MeV mass axions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadamuro, Davide; Raffelt, Georg; Redondo, Javier [Max-Planck-Institut für Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), Föhringer Ring 6, D-80805 München (Germany); Hannestad, Steen, E-mail: cadamuro@mppmu.mpg.de, E-mail: sth@phys.au.dk, E-mail: raffelt@mppmu.mpg.de, E-mail: redondo@mppmu.mpg.de [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Aarhus, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Axions with mass m{sub a} ?> 0.7 eV are excluded by cosmological precision data because they provide too much hot dark matter. While for m{sub a} ?> 20 eV the a ? 2? lifetime drops below the age of the universe, we show that the cosmological exclusion range can be extended to 0.7eV ?< m{sub a} ?< 300 keV, primarily by the cosmic deuterium abundance: axion decays would strongly modify the baryon-to-photon ratio at BBN relative to the one at CMB decoupling. Additional arguments include neutrino dilution relative to photons by axion decays and spectral CMB distortions. Our new cosmological constraints complement stellar-evolution and laboratory bounds.

  7. Connection between asymptotic normalization coefficients, subthreshold bound states, and resonances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhamedzhanov, AM; Tribble, Robert E.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    jc m jc ^ JaM a jcm jcuJcM c& 3 ^ JbM b lcmlcu j cm jc&i lcY lc mlc~r ? !Ia ,b lc jc c ~ r !, ~3! where for each nucleus w is the bound state wave function, z are a set of internal coordinates including spin-isospin vari- ables, and J... and M are the spin and spin projection. Also r is the relative coordinate of the centers of mass of nuclei a and b, r?5r/r , j c , m jc are the total angular momentum of particle b and its projection in the nucleus c5(ab), lc , mlc are the orbital...

  8. SMT-based Bounded Model Checking with Difference Logic Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bersani, Marcello M; Morzenti, Angelo; Pradella, Matteo; Rossi, Matteo; Pietro, Pierluigi San

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional Bounded Model Checking (BMC) is based on translating the model checking problem into SAT, the Boolean satisfiability problem. This paper introduces an encoding of Linear Temporal Logic with Past operators (PLTL) into the Quantifier-Free Difference Logic with Uninterpreted Functions (QF-UFIDL). The resulting encoding is a simpler and more concise version of existing SATbased encodings, currently used in BMC. In addition, we present an extension of PLTL augmented with arithmetic relations over integers, which can express unbounded counters; as such, the extended logic is more expressive than PLTL. We introduce suitable restrictions and assumptions that are shown to make the verification problem for the extended logic decidable, and we define an encoding of the new logic into QF-UFIDL. Finally, a performance comparison with the SAT-based approach on purely PLTL examples shows significant improvements in terms of both execution time and memory occupation.

  9. Universality and scaling limit of weakly-bound tetramers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. R. Hadizadeh; M. T. Yamashita; Lauro Tomio; A. Delfino; T. Frederico

    2011-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The occurrence of a new limit cycle in few-body physics, expressing a universal scaling function relating the binding energies of two consecutive tetramer states, is revealed, considering a renormalized zero-range two-body interaction applied to four identical bosons. The tetramer energy spectrum is obtained when adding a boson to an Efimov bound state with energy $B_3$ in the unitary limit (for zero two-body binding, or infinite two-body scattering length). Each excited $N-$th tetramer energy $B_4^{(N)}$ is shown to slide along a scaling function as a short-range four-body scale is changed, emerging from the 3+1 threshold for a universal ratio $B_4^ {(N)}/B_3 \\simeq 4.6$, which does not depend on $N$. The new scale can also be revealed by a resonance in the atom-trimer recombination process.

  10. Universality and scaling limit of weakly-bound tetramers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadizadeh, M R; Tomio, Lauro; Delfino, A; Frederico, T

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The occurrence of a new limit cycle in few-body physics, expressing a universal scaling function relating the binding energies of two consecutive tetramer states, is revealed, considering a renormalized zero-range two-body interaction applied to four identical bosons. The tetramer energy spectrum is obtained when adding a boson to an Efimov bound state with energy $B_3$ in the unitary limit (for zero two-body binding, or infinite two-body scattering length). Each excited $N-$th tetramer energy $B_4^{(N)}$ is shown to slide along a scaling function as a short-range four-body scale is changed, emerging from the 3+1 threshold for a universal ratio $B_4^ {(N)}/B_3 \\simeq 4.6$, which does not depend on $N$. The new scale can also be revealed by a resonance in the atom-trimer recombination process.

  11. Infrared bound and mean-field behaviour in the quantum Ising model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakob E. Björnberg

    2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove an infrared bound for the transverse field Ising model. This bound is stronger than the previously known infrared bound for the model, and allows us to investigate mean-field behaviour. As an application we show that the critical exponent $\\gamma$ for the susceptibility attains its mean-field value $\\gamma=1$ in dimension at least 4 (positive temperature), respectively 3 (ground state), with logarithmic corrections in the boundary cases.

  12. The bound on the renormalized charge in quantum electrodynamics and in the Wess-Zumino model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krasnikov, N.V. (Institute for Nuclear Research, Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow 11712 (SU))

    1991-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on an upper bound on the renormalized coupling constant {alpha} {le} 3{pi}{epsilon} + O({epsilon}{sup 2}) found in quantum electrodynamics in n = 4 {minus} 2{epsilon} space-time. Analogous bound is obtained for a la Speer regularized Wess-Zumino model. The obtained bound means the triviality of QED and the Wess-Zumino model in the limit of the regularization removing.

  13. Search for particle-bound 26-O and 28-F in p-stripping reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Schiller; T. Baumann; J. Dietrich; S. Kaiser; W. Peters; M. Thoennessen

    2005-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We have searched for particle-bound 26-O and 28-F isotopes in the reaction products of secondary 27-F and 29-Ne beams, respectively. No events have been observed. Upper limits for the respective production cross sections by one-p-stripping reactions are established under the assumption that 26-O and 28-F are particle bound. Since the experimental upper limits are much lower than common estimates we conclude that neither 26-O nor 28-F are likely particle bound.

  14. Bounds on strong field magneto-transport in three-dimensional composites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc Briane; Graeme W. Milton

    2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper deals with bounds satisfied by the effective non-symmetric conductivity of three-dimensional composites in the presence of a strong magnetic field. On the one hand, it is shown that for general composites the antisymmetric part of the effective conductivity cannot be bounded solely in terms of the antisymmetric part of the local conductivity, contrary to the columnar case. So, a suitable rank-two laminate the conductivity of which has a bounded antisymmetric part together with a high-contrast symmetric part, may generate an arbitrarily large antisymmetric part of the effective conductivity. On the other hand, bounds are provided which show that the antisymmetric part of the effective conductivity must go to zero if the upper bound on the antisymmetric part of the local conductivity goes to zero, and the symmetric part of the local conductivity remains bounded below and above. Elementary bounds on the effective moduli are derived assuming the local conductivity and effective conductivity have transverse isotropy in the plane orthogonal to the magnetic field. New Hashin-Shtrikman type bounds for two-phase three-dimensional composites with a non-symmetric conductivity are provided under geometric isotropy of the microstructure. The derivation of the bounds is based on a particular variational principle symmetrizing the problem, and the use of Y-tensors involving the averages of the fields in each phase.

  15. Lower Bound of Concurrence and Distillation for Arbitrary Dimensional Bipartite Quantum States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Ming-Jing; Fei, Shao-Ming; Li-Jost, Xianqing; 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.062322

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a lower bound of concurrence for arbitrary dimensional bipartite quantum states. This lower bound may be used to improve all the known lower bounds of concurrence. Moreover, the lower bound gives rise to an operational sufficient criterion of distillability of quantum entanglement. The significance of our result is illustrated by quantitative evaluation of entanglement for entangled states that fail to be identified by the usual concurrence estimation method, and by showing the distillability of mixed states that can not be recognized by other distillability criteria.

  16. Lower Bound of Concurrence and Distillation for Arbitrary Dimensional Bipartite Quantum States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ming-Jing Zhao; Xue-Na Zhu; Shao-Ming Fei; Xianqing Li-Jost

    2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a lower bound of concurrence for arbitrary dimensional bipartite quantum states. This lower bound may be used to improve all the known lower bounds of concurrence. Moreover, the lower bound gives rise to an operational sufficient criterion of distillability of quantum entanglement. The significance of our result is illustrated by quantitative evaluation of entanglement for entangled states that fail to be identified by the usual concurrence estimation method, and by showing the distillability of mixed states that can not be recognized by other distillability criteria.

  17. Klee-Minty's LP and Upper Bounds for Dantzig's Simplex Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomonari Kitahara

    2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Jan 4, 2011 ... Klee-Minty's LP and Upper Bounds for Dantzig's Simplex Method. Tomonari ... Citation: This article will appear in Operations Research Letters.

  18. Machine Learning to Balance the Load in Parallel Branch-and-Bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    iments: with and without communications. In the case where communications are allowed, their sole purpose is to render the best primal bound available ...

  19. Bounds on the stability number of a graph via the inverse theta ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    present some applications in the stable set problem, bounds on the cardinality ..... Using the arithmetic mean-harmonic mean inequality, it is easy to show that.

  20. Entropy bound for a charged object from the Kerr-Newman black hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive again the upper entropy bound for a charged object by employing thermodynamics of the Kerr-Newman black hole linearised with respect to its electric charge

  1. On the bound state of the antiproton-deuterium-tritium ion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frolov, Alexei M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the ground state in the Coulomb three-body $\\bar{p}dt$ ion is bound. This ion consists of the positevely charged deuterium $d$ and tritum $t$ nuclei and one negatively charged antirpoton $\\bar{p}$. The $\\bar{p}dt$ ion has only one bound $S(L = 0)-$state which is weakly-bound. The properties of this weakly-bound state are investigated with the use of the results of recent highly accurate computations. Very likely, the actual proparties of the $\\bar{p}dt$ ion will be different from the results of our predictions due to additional contributions from strong interactions between particles.

  2. Opportunistic Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: Upper Bounds for the Packet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mans, Bernard

    routing, in a realistic network model where link conditions are variable. We analyze the performance1 Opportunistic Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: Upper Bounds for the Packet Propagation Speed to the destination. In this paper, we provide upper bounds on the packet propaga- tion speed for opportunistic

  3. A General Result on the Stabilization of Linear Systems Using Bounded Controls 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    A General Result on the Stabilization of Linear Systems Using Bounded Controls 1 H'ector J of controllers that globally stabilize linear systems subject to control saturation. We allow essentially words: linear systems, saturated actuators, bounded controls, neural nets October, 1992. Revised

  4. Pricing the American Put Using A New Class of Tight Lower Bounds Malik Magdon-Ismail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magdon-Ismail, Malik

    , and an important issue is the trade off between the pricing accuracy and the computational cost. Our approachPricing the American Put Using A New Class of Tight Lower Bounds Malik Magdon-Ismail Department of lower bounds for the price of the American put option on a dividend paying stock when the stock follows

  5. An RFID Distance Bounding Gerhard P. Hancke and Markus G. Kuhn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hancke, Gerhard

    range Used to link an item or person to a location An RFID Distance Bounding Protocol ­ p. #12;Relay application layer security protocols An RFID Distance Bounding Protocol ­ p. #12;Relay attack demonstration Proxy Token 14443 A/B test card circuit Signal processing with discrete components Duplex RF link Proxy

  6. An alternative energy bound derivation for a generalized Hasegawa-Mima equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fetecau, Razvan C.

    An alternative energy bound derivation for a generalized Hasegawa-Mima equation Jared C. Bronski Razvan Fetecau December 28, 2011 Abstract We present an alternative derivation of the H1 -boundedness function technique similar to the one used for constructing energy bounds for the Kuramoto

  7. ON A PRICED RESOURCE-BOUNDED ALTERNATING Della Monica, Dario1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Della Monica, Dario

    , logics able to express bounds on resources have been introduced, such as RB-ATL and PRB-ATL, both of them-Bounded Alternating µ-calculus (PRB-AMC), is an extension of both PRB-ATL and AMC. In analogy with PRB-ATL, we scenarios can be adequately described. First, we show that the model checking problem for PRB

  8. Resource Bounded Next Value and Explanatory Identification Learning Automata, Patterns and Polynomials OnLine \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephan, Frank

    powerful than next value learning. Furthermore while next value learning is closed under union, this type of these two basic types of learning. There are several approaches how to introduce resource bounds to learningResource Bounded Next Value and Explanatory Identification Learning Automata, Patterns

  9. DENOMINATOR BOUNDS IN THOMPSON-LIKE GROUPS AND FLOWS DANNY CALEGARI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McReynolds, Ben

    DENOMINATOR BOUNDS IN THOMPSON-LIKE GROUPS AND FLOWS DANNY CALEGARI ABSTRACT. Let T denote Thompson Thompson-like. We also obtain an explicit upper bound on the smallest period of a fixed point in terms and Sergiescu studied Thompson's group T of homeomorphisms of the circle from a number of points of view

  10. Computing Upper and Lower Bounds for the J-integral in Two-Dimensional Linear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peraire, Jaime

    and Education, China bLaboratori de C`alcul Num`eric, Universitat Polit`ecnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain c. The quadratic component is bounded by the energy norm of the error scaled by a continuity constant, which in the displacement and in a computed adjoint solution, and bounded by an appropriate combination of the energy norms

  11. Lower-Bound Estimation for Multi-Bitwidth Scheduling Junjuan Xu*+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

    the design space more efficiently, lower-bound estimation of resources, as well as performance, has been][3][4][7][8][9][10]. Since the area cost of resources is directly related to the bitwidth configuration, the objectiveLower-Bound Estimation for Multi-Bitwidth Scheduling Junjuan Xu*+ , Jason Cong+ , Xu Cheng

  12. Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voigt, Thiemo

    Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks Juan Alonso1 , Adam. Energy is one of the most important resources in wireless sensor networks. We use an idealized mathematical model to study the impact of routing on energy consumption. We find explicit bounds on the minimal

  13. Bounds on the Bethe Free Energy for Gaussian Networks Botond Cseke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Bounds on the Bethe Free Energy for Gaussian Networks Botond Cseke Faculty of Science Radboud Bethe free energy in terms of the moment parameters of the approximate marginals and derive an upper): even when the Bethe free energy is not bounded from below, it can possess a local minimum to which

  14. Non-marginally bound inhomogeneous dust collapse in higher dimensional space-time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. G. Ghosh; A. Banerjee

    2002-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the occurrence and nature of a naked singularity in the gravitational collapse of an inhomogeneous dust cloud described by a self-similar higher dimensional Tolman-Bondi space-time. Bound, marginally bound and unbound space-times are analyzed. The degree of inhomogeneity of the collapsing matter necessary to form a naked singularity is given.

  15. Experimental Results on Upper Bounds for Vertex Pi-Lights Victoria Brumberg1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramaswami, Suneeta

    Experimental Results on Upper Bounds for Vertex Pi-Lights Victoria Brumberg1 Suneeta Ramaswami2 Diane Souvaine3 Abstract The problem of illuminating a simple n-gon with cn, c lights is open, whereas a lower bound of 3 5 n is known. We provide an algorithm for placing -lights, and experimental

  16. A Branch and Bound Algorithm for the Protein Folding Problem in the HP Lattice Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Istrail, Sorin

    Article A Branch and Bound Algorithm for the Protein Folding Problem in the HP Lattice Model Mao tool for the protein folding problem. Key words: protein folding, HP model, branch and bound, lattice Introduction The protein folding problem, or the protein struc- ture prediction problem, is one of the most

  17. Entropy bound of a charged object and electrostatic self-energy in black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Without pretending to any rigour, we find a general expression of the electrostatic self-energy in static black holes with spherical symmetry. We determine the entropy bound of a charged object by assuming the existence of thermodynamics for these black holes. By combining these two results, we show that the entropy bound does not depend on the considered black hole.

  18. DEAR: Delay-bounded Energy-constrained Adaptive Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Jian "Neil"

    DEAR: Delay-bounded Energy-constrained Adaptive Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Shi Bai¶, Weiyi in wireless sensor networks. In this work, we study Delay-bounded Energy-constrained Adaptive Routing (DEAR) problem with reli- ability, differential delay, and transmission energy consumption constraints

  19. On the Skew-Bounded Minimum-Bu er Routing Tree Problem Christoph Albrecht,y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelikovsky, Alexander

    self-heating in inter- connects 8 , and facilitate technology migration since designs are more balanced@cs.gsu.edu Abstract|Bounding the load capacitance at gate outputs is a standard element in today's electrical cor outputs is a standard element in to- day's electrical correctness methodologies. Bounds on load caps

  20. Bounds on R-parity violating supersymmetric couplings from leptonic and semileptonic meson decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dreiner, H. K.; Kraemer, M.; O'Leary, Ben [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik E, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany); S.U.P.A., School of Physics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom) and Institut fuer Theoretische Physik E, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany)

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a comprehensive update of the bounds on R-parity violating supersymmetric couplings from lepton-flavor- and lepton-number-violating decay processes. We consider {tau} and {mu} decays as well as leptonic and semileptonic decays of mesons. We present several new bounds resulting from {tau}, {eta}, and kaon decays and correct some results in the literature concerning B meson decays.

  1. Bound States for Nano-Tubes with a Dislocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer Hempel; Martin Kohlmann; Marko Stautz; Jürgen Voigt

    2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    As a model for an interface in solid state physics, we consider two real-valued potentials $V^{(1)}$ and $V^{(2)}$ on the cylinder or tube $S=\\mathbb R \\times (\\mathbb R/\\mathbb Z)$ where we assume that there exists an interval $(a_0,b_0)$ which is free of spectrum of $-\\Delta+V^{(k)}$ for $k=1,2$. We are then interested in the spectrum of $H_t = -\\Delta + V_t$, for $t \\in \\mathbb R$, where $V_t(x,y) = V^{(1)}(x,y)$, for $x > 0$, and $V_t(x,y) = V^{(2)}(x+t,y)$, for $x < 0$. While the essential spectrum of $H_t$ is independent of $t$, we show that discrete spectrum, related to the interface at $x = 0$, is created in the interval $(a_0, b_0)$ at suitable values of the parameter $t$, provided $-\\Delta + V^{(2)}$ has some essential spectrum in $(-\\infty, a_0]$. We do not require $V^{(1)}$ or $V^{(2)}$ to be periodic. We furthermore show that the discrete eigenvalues of $H_t$ are Lipschitz continuous functions of $t$ if the potential $V^{(2)}$ is locally of bounded variation.

  2. Topological modes bound to dislocations in mechanical metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayson Paulose; Bryan Gin-ge Chen; Vincenzo Vitelli

    2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Mechanical metamaterials are artificial structures with unusual properties, such as negative Poisson ratio, bistability or tunable vibrational properties, that originate in the geometry of their unit cell. At the heart of such unusual behaviour is often a soft mode: a motion that does not significantly stretch or compress the links between constituent elements. When activated by motors or external fields, soft modes become the building blocks of robots and smart materials. Here, we demonstrate the existence of topological soft modes that can be positioned at desired locations in a metamaterial while being robust against a wide range of structural deformations or changes in material parameters. These protected modes, localized at dislocations, are the mechanical analogue of topological states bound to defects in electronic systems. We create physical realizations of the topological modes in prototypes of kagome lattices built out of rigid triangular plates. We show mathematically that they originate from the interplay between two Berry phases: the Burgers vector of the dislocation and the topological polarization of the lattice. Our work paves the way towards engineering topologically protected nano-mechanical structures for molecular robotics or information storage and read-out.

  3. The bound coherent neutron scattering length of the oxygen isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, Henry E [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL); Simonson, J Michael {Mike} [ORNL; Neuefeind, Joerg C [ORNL; Lemmel, Hartmut [Technical University Vienna; Rauch, Helmut [E141 Atominstitut der Österreichischen Universitäten,; Zeidler, Anita [University of Bath; Salmon, Phil [University of Bath

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technique of neutron interferometry was used to measure the bound coherent neutron scattering length bcoh of the oxygen isotopes 17O and 18O. From the measured difference in optical path between two water samples, either H2 17O or H2 18O versus H2 natO, where nat denotes the natural isotopic composition, we obtain bcoh , 17O = 5.867(4) fm and bcoh , 18O = 6.009(5) fm, based on the accurately known value of bcoh , natO = 5.805(4) fm which is equal to bcoh , 16O within the experimental uncertainty. Our results for bcoh , 17O and bcoh , 18O differ appreciably from the standard tabulated values of 5.6(5) fm and 5.84(7) fm, respectively. In particular, our measured scattering length contrast of 0.204(3) fm between 18O and natO is nearly a factor of 6 greater than the tabulated value, which renders feasible neutron diffraction experiments using 18O isotope substitution and thereby offers new possibilites for measuring the partial structure factors of oxygen-containing compounds, such as water.

  4. Gauge/String-Gravity Duality and Froissart Bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyungsik Kang

    2004-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The gauge/string-gravity duality correspondence opened renewed hope and possibility to address some of the fundamental and non-perturbative QCD problems in particle physics, such as hadron spectrum and Regge behavior of the scattering amplitude at high energies. One of the most fundamental and long-standing problem is the high energy behavior of total cross-sections. According to a series of exhaustive tests by the COMPETE group, (1). total cross-sections have a universal Heisenberg behavior in energy corresponding to the maximal energy behavior allowed by the Froissart bound, i.e., $A + B ln^2 (s/s_0)$ with $B \\sim 0.32 mb$ and $s_0 \\sim 34.41 GeV^2$ for all reactions, and (2). the factorization relation among $\\sigma_{pp, even}, \\sigma_{\\gamma p}, and \\sigma_{\\gamma \\gamma}$ is well satisfied by experiments. I discuss the recent interesting application of the gauge/string-gravity duality of $AdS/CFT$ correspondence with a deformed background metric so as to break the conformal symmetry that can lead to the Heisenberg behavior of rising total cross-sections, and present some preliminary results on the high energy QCD from Planckian scattering in $AdS$ and black-hole production.

  5. Cauchy's formulas for random walks in bounded domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazzolo, Alain, E-mail: alain.mazzolo@cea.fr; Zoia, Andrea, E-mail: andrea.zoia@cea.fr [CEA/Saclay, DEN/DANS/DM2S/SERMA/LTSD, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Mulatier, Clélia de, E-mail: clelia.demulatier@cea.fr [CEA/Saclay, DEN/DANS/DM2S/SERMA/LTSD, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette and CNRS - Université Paris-Sud, LPTMS, UMR8626, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cauchy's formula was originally established for random straight paths crossing a body B?R{sup n} and basically relates the average chord length through B to the ratio between the volume and the surface of the body itself. The original statement was later extended in the context of transport theory so as to cover the stochastic paths of Pearson random walks with exponentially distributed flight lengths traversing a bounded domain. Some heuristic arguments suggest that Cauchy's formula may also hold true for Pearson random walks with arbitrarily distributed flight lengths. For such a broad class of stochastic processes, we rigorously derive a generalized Cauchy's formula for the average length traveled by the walkers in the body, and show that this quantity depends indeed only on the ratio between the volume and the surface, provided that some constraints are imposed on the entrance step of the walker in B. Similar results are also obtained for the average number of collisions performed by the walker in B.

  6. Conserved Correlation in PT -symmetric Systems: Scattering and Bound States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar Abhinav; Arun Jayannavar; P. K. Panigrahi

    2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    For one-dimensional PT -symmetric systems, it is observed that the non-local product obtained from the continuity equation can be interpreted as a conserved corre- lation function. This leads to physical conclusions, regarding both discrete and continuum states of such systems. Asymptotic states are shown to have necessarily broken PT -symmetry, leading to modified scattering and transfer matrices. This yields restricted boundary conditions, e.g., in- cidence from both sides, analogous to that of the proposed PT CPA laser. The interpretation of left and right states leads to a Hermitian S-matrix, resulting in the non-conservation of the flux. This further satisfies a duality condition, identical to the optical analogues. However, the non-local conserved scalar implements alternate boundary conditions in terms of in and out states, leading to the pseudo-Hermiticity condition in terms of the scattering matrix. Interestingly, when PT -symmetry is preserved, it leads to stationary states with real energy, naturally inter- pretable as bound states. The broken PT -symmetric phase is also captured by this correlation, with complex-conjugate pair of energies, interpreted as resonances.

  7. Finite Energy and Bounded Attacks on Control System Sensor Signals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Djouadi, Seddik M [ORNL; Melin, Alexander M [ORNL; Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL; Laska, Jason A [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Control system networks are increasingly being connected to enterprise level networks. These connections leave critical industrial controls systems vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Most of the effort in protecting these cyber-physical systems (CPS) has been in securing the networks using information security techniques and protection and reliability concerns at the control system level against random hardware and software failures. However, besides these failures the inability of information security techniques to protect against all intrusions means that the control system must be resilient to various signal attacks for which new analysis and detection methods need to be developed. In this paper, sensor signal attacks are analyzed for observer-based controlled systems. The threat surface for sensor signal attacks is subdivided into denial of service, finite energy, and bounded attacks. In particular, the error signals between states of attack free systems and systems subject to these attacks are quantified. Optimal sensor and actuator signal attacks for the finite and infinite horizon linear quadratic (LQ) control in terms of maximizing the corresponding cost functions are computed. The closed-loop system under optimal signal attacks are provided. Illustrative numerical examples are provided together with an application to a power network with distributed LQ controllers.

  8. Topological modes bound to dislocations in mechanical metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jayson Paulose; Bryan Gin-ge Chen; Vincenzo Vitelli

    2015-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Mechanical metamaterials are artificial structures with unusual properties, such as negative Poisson ratio, bistability or tunable vibrational properties, that originate in the geometry of their unit cell. At the heart of such unusual behaviour is often a soft mode: a motion that does not significantly stretch or compress the links between constituent elements. When activated by motors or external fields, soft modes become the building blocks of robots and smart materials. Here, we demonstrate the existence of topological soft modes that can be positioned at desired locations in a metamaterial while being robust against a wide range of structural deformations or changes in material parameters. These protected modes, localized at dislocations, are the mechanical analogue of topological states bound to defects in electronic systems. We create physical realizations of the topological modes in prototypes of kagome lattices built out of rigid triangular plates. We show mathematically that they originate from the interplay between two Berry phases: the Burgers vector of the dislocation and the topological polarization of the lattice. Our work paves the way towards engineering topologically protected nano-mechanical structures for molecular robotics or information storage and read-out.

  9. Three-nucleon problem: trinucleon bound states and trinucleon interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friar, J.L.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The assumptions underlying the formulation and solution of the Schroedinger equation for three nucleons in configuration space are reviewed, in conjunction with those qualitative aspects of the two-nucleon problem which are important. The geometrical features of the problem and the crucial role of the angular momentum barrier are developed. The boundary conditions for scattering are discussed qualitatively, and the Faddeev-Noyes equation is motivated. The method of splines and orthogonal collocation are shown to provide convenient techniques for generating numerical solutions. Properties of the many numerical solutions for the bound states and zero-energy scattering states are discussed. The evidence for three-body forces is reviewed, and the results of the recent calculations including such forces are discussed. The importance of electromagnetic interactions in the three-nucleon systems is motivated. Relativistic corrections and meson-exchange currents are discussed in the context of ''rules of scale'', and the pion-exchange currents of nonrelativistic order are derived. The experimental results for trinucleon electromagnetic interactions are reviewed, including recent tritium data. Conclusions are presented. 56 refs., 23 figs.

  10. Constraining a fourth generation of quarks: non-perturbative Higgs boson mass bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Bulava; Karl Jansen; Attila Nagy

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a non-perturbative determination of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds with a heavy fourth generation of quarks from numerical lattice computations in a chirally symmetric Higgs-Yukawa model. We find that the upper bound only moderately rises with the quark mass while the lower bound increases significantly, providing additional constraints on the existence of a straight-forward fourth quark generation. We examine the stability of the lower bound under the addition of a higher dimensional operator to the scalar field potential using perturbation theory, demonstrating that it is not significantly altered for small values of the coupling of this operator. For a Higgs boson mass of $\\sim125\\mathrm{GeV}$ we find that the maximum value of the fourth generation quark mass is $\\sim300\\mathrm{GeV}$, which is already in conflict with bounds from direct searches.

  11. Bounding Radionuclide Inventory and Accident Consequence Calculation for the 1L Target

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelsey, Charles T. IV [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A bounding radionuclide inventory for the tungsten of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) IL Target is calculated. Based on the bounding inventory, the dose resulting from the maximum credible incident (MCI) is calculated for the maximally exposed offsite individual (MEOl). The design basis accident involves tungsten target oxidation following a loss of cooling accident. Also calculated for the bounding radionuclide inventory is the ratio to the LANSCE inventory threshold for purposes of inventory control as described in the target inventory control policy. A bounding radionuclide inventory calculation for the lL Target was completed using the MCNPX and CINDER'90 codes. Continuous beam delivery at 200 {micro}A to 2500 mA{center_dot}h was assumed. The total calculated activity following this irradiation period is 205,000 Ci. The dose to the MEOI from the MCI is 213 mrem for the bounding inventory. The LANSCE inventory control threshold ratio is 132.

  12. Tight Bounds for Influence in Diffusion Networks and Application to Bond Percolation and Epidemiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemonnier, Remi; Vayatis, Nicolas

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we derive theoretical bounds for the long-term influence of a node in an Independent Cascade Model (ICM). We relate these bounds to the spectral radius of a particular matrix and show that the behavior is sub-critical when this spectral radius is lower than $1$. More specifically, we point out that, in general networks, the sub-critical regime behaves in $O(\\sqrt{n})$ where $n$ is the size of the network, and that this upper bound is met for star-shaped networks. We apply our results to epidemiology and percolation on arbitrary networks, and derive a bound for the critical value beyond which a giant connected component arises. Finally, we show empirically the tightness of our bounds for a large family of networks.

  13. Evaluating Bounds and Estimators for Constants of Random Polycrystals Composed of Orthotropic Elastic Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berryman, J.G.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While the well-known Voigt and Reuss (VR) bounds, and the Voigt-Reuss-Hill (VRH) elastic constant estimators for random polycrystals are all straightforwardly calculated once the elastic constants of anisotropic crystals are known, the Hashin-Shtrikman (HS) bounds and related self-consistent (SC) estimators for the same constants are, by comparison, more difficult to compute. Recent work has shown how to simplify (to some extent) these harder to compute HS bounds and SC estimators. An overview and analysis of a subsampling of these results is presented here with the main point being to show whether or not this extra work (i.e., in calculating both the HS bounds and the SC estimates) does provide added value since, in particular, the VRH estimators often do not fall within the HS bounds, while the SC estimators (for good reasons) have always been found to do so. The quantitative differences between the SC and the VRH estimators in the eight cases considered are often quite small however, being on the order of ±1%. These quantitative results hold true even though these polycrystal Voigt-Reuss-Hill estimators more typically (but not always) fall outside the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds, while the self-consistent estimators always fall inside (or on the boundaries of) these same bounds.

  14. Upper bounds on the error probabilities and asymptotic error exponents in quantum multiple state discrimination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Audenaert, Koenraad M. R., E-mail: koenraad.audenaert@rhul.ac.uk [Department of Mathematics, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham TW20 0EX (United Kingdom); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Ghent, S9, Krijgslaan 281, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Mosonyi, Milán, E-mail: milan.mosonyi@gmail.com [Física Teòrica: Informació i Fenomens Quàntics, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, ES-08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona (Spain); Mathematical Institute, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Egry József u 1., Budapest 1111 (Hungary)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the multiple hypothesis testing problem for symmetric quantum state discrimination between r given states ?{sub 1}, …, ?{sub r}. By splitting up the overall test into multiple binary tests in various ways we obtain a number of upper bounds on the optimal error probability in terms of the binary error probabilities. These upper bounds allow us to deduce various bounds on the asymptotic error rate, for which it has been hypothesized that it is given by the multi-hypothesis quantum Chernoff bound (or Chernoff divergence) C(?{sub 1}, …, ?{sub r}), as recently introduced by Nussbaum and Szko?a in analogy with Salikhov's classical multi-hypothesis Chernoff bound. This quantity is defined as the minimum of the pairwise binary Chernoff divergences min{sub jbound is actually achieved. It was known to be achieved, in particular, when the state pair that is closest together in Chernoff divergence is more than 6 times closer than the next closest pair. Our results improve on this in two ways. First, we show that the optimal asymptotic rate must lie between C/2 and C. Second, we show that the Chernoff bound is already achieved when the closest state pair is more than 2 times closer than the next closest pair. We also show that the Chernoff bound is achieved when at least r ? 2 of the states are pure, improving on a previous result by Nussbaum and Szko?a. Finally, we indicate a number of potential pathways along which a proof (or disproof) may eventually be found that the multi-hypothesis quantum Chernoff bound is always achieved.

  15. Tight bounds on the size of neural networks for classification problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beiu, V. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Pauw, T. de [Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium). Dept. de Mathematique

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper relies on the entropy of a data-set (i.e., number-of-bits) to prove tight bounds on the size of neural networks solving a classification problem. First, based on a sequence of geometrical steps, the authors constructively compute an upper bound of O(mn) on the number-of-bits for a given data-set - here m is the number of examples and n is the number of dimensions (i.e., R{sup n}). This result is used further in a nonconstructive way to bound the size of neural networks which correctly classify that data-set.

  16. Upper Higgs boson mass bounds from a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Gerhold; K. Jansen

    2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We establish the cutoff-dependent upper Higgs boson mass bound by means of direct lattice computations in the framework of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same chiral Yukawa coupling structure as in the Higgs-fermion sector of the Standard Model. As expected from the triviality picture of the Higgs sector, we observe the upper mass bound to decrease with rising cutoff parameter $\\Lambda$. Moreover, the strength of the fermionic contribution to the upper mass bound is explored by comparing to the corresponding analysis in the pure $\\Phi^4$-theory.

  17. Bound Nucleon Form Factors, Quark-Hadron Duality, and the Nuclear EMC Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K. Tsushima; D.H. Lu; W. Melnitchouk; K. Saito; A.W. Thomas

    2002-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the electromagnetic form factors, axial form factors, and structure functions of a nucleon bound in the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model. Free space nucleon form factors are calculated using the improved cloudy bag model (ICBM). After describing finite nuclei and nuclear matter in the quark-based (EMC) model, the in-medium modification of the bound nucleon form factors is calculated in the same model. Finally, the bound nucleon structure function, F2, is extracted using the calculated in-medium electromagnetic form factors and Bloom-Gilman (quark-hadron) duality.

  18. Transition Time Bounded Low-power Clock Tree Construction Min Pan, Chris Chong-Nuen Chu and J. Morris Chang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Chris C.-N.

    Transition Time Bounded Low-power Clock Tree Construction Min Pan, Chris Chong-Nuen Chu and J is the signal with the highest frequency in the whole system, which makes the transition time bound of the clock signal extremely tight. Hence, it is necessary to have transition time bounds to construct low

  19. Identifying and bounding uncertainties in nuclear reactor thermal power calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, J.; Hauser, E.; Estrada, H. [Cameron, 1000 McClaren Woods Drive, Coraopolis, PA 15108 (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Determination of the thermal power generated in the reactor core of a nuclear power plant is a critical element in the safe and economic operation of the plant. Direct measurement of the reactor core thermal power is made using neutron flux instrumentation; however, this instrumentation requires frequent calibration due to changes in the measured flux caused by fuel burn-up, flux pattern changes, and instrumentation drift. To calibrate the nuclear instruments, steam plant calorimetry, a process of performing a heat balance around the nuclear steam supply system, is used. There are four basic elements involved in the calculation of thermal power based on steam plant calorimetry: The mass flow of the feedwater from the power conversion system, the specific enthalpy of that feedwater, the specific enthalpy of the steam delivered to the power conversion system, and other cycle gains and losses. Of these elements, the accuracy of the feedwater mass flow and the feedwater enthalpy, as determined from its temperature and pressure, are typically the largest contributors to the calorimetric calculation uncertainty. Historically, plants have been required to include a margin of 2% in the calculation of the reactor thermal power for the licensed maximum plant output to account for instrumentation uncertainty. The margin is intended to ensure a cushion between operating power and the power for which safety analyses are performed. Use of approved chordal ultrasonic transit-time technology to make the feedwater flow and temperature measurements (in place of traditional differential-pressure- based instruments and resistance temperature detectors [RTDs]) allows for nuclear plant thermal power calculations accurate to 0.3%-0.4% of plant rated power. This improvement in measurement accuracy has allowed many plant operators in the U.S. and around the world to increase plant power output through Measurement Uncertainty Recapture (MUR) up-rates of up to 1.7% of rated power, while also decreasing the probability of significant over-power events. This paper will examine the basic elements involved in calculation of thermal power using ultrasonic transit-time technology and will discuss the criteria for bounding uncertainties associated with each element in order to achieve reactor thermal power calculations to within 0.3% to 0.4%. (authors)

  20. ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend | ornl...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    help utilities achieve deeper and broader energy savings from their energy efficiency and demand-response programs. Dry Surface Technologies of Guthrie, Okla, licensed Barrian, a...

  1. On the Flame Height Definition for Upward Flame Spread 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Consalvi, Jean L; Pizzo, Yannick; Porterie, Bernard; Torero, Jose L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flame height is defined by the experimentalists as the average position of the luminous flame and, consequently is not directly linked with a quantitative value of a physical parameter. To determine flame heights from ...

  2. Limitations of the Upward Separation Technique Eric Allender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allender, Eric

    is the construction of an oracle relative to which there are extremely sparse sets in NP-P, but NEE = EE that Wilson's construction gives rise to an oracle relative to which P = NP, but NP-P contains no tally sets. In [20], Kurtz presented a seemingly stronger oracle construction, relative to which P = NP and NP-P

  3. ORNL technology transfer continues strong upward trend | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for Renewable Energy:Nanowire3627Homeland SecurityJonathanmaterial |and

  4. Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE Jump to: navigation,Barriers toAclaraFacing Jump to:Grid

  5. Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE Jump to: navigation,Barriers toAclaraFacing Jump

  6. Online Supplement to "Bounding Distributions for the Weight of a Minimum Spanning Tree in Stochastic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shier, Douglas R.

    Online Supplement to "Bounding Distributions for the Weight of a Minimum Spanning Tree in Stochastic Networks" Kevin R. Hutson · Douglas R. Shier Department of Mathematics & Computer Science, Denison

  7. Phase Noise in MIMO Systems: Bayesian Cramer-Rao Bounds and Soft-Input Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasir, Ali A; Mehrpouyan, Hani; Schober, Robert; Hua, Yingbo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for a 4 4 MIMO system, the proposed soft-input EKF-EKSin MIMO Systems: Bayesian Cramér–Rao Bounds and Soft-Inputof a MIMO system employing the proposed soft-input EKF-EKS

  8. Minimum Buffered Routing with Bounded Capacitive Load for Slew Rate and Reliability Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandoiu, Ion

    breakdown and AC self-heating in interconnects, and guarantees bounded input rise/fall times at buffers electrons) [10], [12] and AC self-heating in interconnects [20], and facilitate technology migration since

  9. Minimum Buffered Routing with Bounded Capacitive Load for Slew Rate and Reliability Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelikovsky, Alexander

    with respect to hot-carrier oxide breakdown and AC self-heating in interconnects, and guarantees bounded input reliability with respect to hot-carrier oxide breakdown (hot electrons) [10], [12] and AC self-heating

  10. The Weakest Failure Detector for Solving Wait-Free, Eventually Bounded-Fair Dining Philosophers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Yantao

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the necessary and sufficient conditions to solve a variant of the dining philosophers problem. This dining variant is defined by three properties: wait-freedom, eventual weak exclusion, and eventual bounded fairness. Wait...

  11. New bounding techniques for channel codes over quasi-static fading channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jingyu

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is intended to provide several new bounding techniques for channel codes over quasi-static fading channels (QSFC). This type of channel has drawn more and more attention recently with the demanding need for higher capacity and more...

  12. Energy Dependence of Solar Neutrino Suppression and Bounds on the Neutrino Magnetic Moment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joao Pulido; Ana M. Mourao

    1998-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis of neutrino electron scattering as applied to the SuperKamiokande solar neutrino experiment with the data from the Homestake experiment leads to an upper bound on the neutrino magnetic moment in the range $\\mu_{\

  13. New combinatorial bounds for universal hash functions L. H. Nguyen and A. W. Roscoe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    represents a threshold in the behaviour of bounds but also quantifies the Wegman-Carter effect. 1 and Wegman [8, 35]. Each family, which is indexed by a r-bit key k, consists of 2r hash functions mapping

  14. A branch and bound algorithm for the global optimization of Hessian ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 1, 2011 ... Heuristic Algorithm 2.1 (LH) 5s. 485s. 2×10?2† 1×10?1†. Table 3: Run times of the different convex constrained branch and bound algorithms ...

  15. Bounded-Variable Fragments of Hybrid Logics Thomas Schwentick and Volker Weber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwentick, Thomas

    Bounded-Variable Fragments of Hybrid Logics Thomas Schwentick and Volker Weber Fachbereich Informatik, Universit¨at Dortmund, Germany {thomas.schwentick,volker.weber}@udo.edu Abstract. Hybrid logics

  16. The Efficient Computation of Bounds for Functionals of Finite Element Solutions in Large Strain Elasticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonet, J.

    We present an implicit a-posteriori finite element procedure to compute bounds for functional outputs of finite element solutions in large strain elasticity. The method proposed relies on the existence of a potential energy ...

  17. A probabilistic model for bounded elasticity tensor random fields with application to polycrystalline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -bounded positive-definite matrix-valued random fields in the context of mesoscale modeling of heterogeneous elastic; Heterogeneous materials; Apparent elasticity tensor; Mesoscale modeling; Random field; Non-Gaussian. $ J

  18. Upper bound on the packing density of regular tetrahedra and octahedra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gravel, Simon; Kallus, Yoav

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain an upper bound to the packing density of regular tetrahedra. The bound is obtained by showing the existence, in any packing of regular tetrahedra, of a set of disjoint spheres centered on tetrahedron edges, so that each sphere is not fully covered by the packing. The bound on the amount of space that is not covered in each sphere is obtained in a recursive way by building on the observation that non-overlapping regular tetrahedra cannot subtend a solid angle of $4\\pi$ around a point if this point lies on a tetrahedron edge. The proof can be readily modified to apply to other polyhedra with the same property. The resulting lower bound on the fraction of empty space in a packing of regular tetrahedra is $2.6\\ldots\\times 10^{-25}$ and reaches $1.4\\ldots\\times 10^{-12}$ for regular octahedra.

  19. Upper bound on the packing density of regular tetrahedra and octahedra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon Gravel; Veit Elser; Yoav Kallus

    2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain an upper bound to the packing density of regular tetrahedra. The bound is obtained by showing the existence, in any packing of regular tetrahedra, of a set of disjoint spheres centered on tetrahedron edges, so that each sphere is not fully covered by the packing. The bound on the amount of space that is not covered in each sphere is obtained in a recursive way by building on the observation that non-overlapping regular tetrahedra cannot subtend a solid angle of $4\\pi$ around a point if this point lies on a tetrahedron edge. The proof can be readily modified to apply to other polyhedra with the same property. The resulting lower bound on the fraction of empty space in a packing of regular tetrahedra is $2.6\\ldots\\times 10^{-25}$ and reaches $1.4\\ldots\\times 10^{-12}$ for regular octahedra.

  20. Scattering and bound states of fermions in a mixed vector–scalar smooth step potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Castilho, W.M., E-mail: castilho.w@gmail.com; Castro, A.S. de, E-mail: castro@pq.cnpq.br

    2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The scattering of a fermion in the background of a smooth step potential is considered with a general mixing of vector and scalar Lorentz structures with the scalar coupling stronger than or equal to the vector coupling. Charge-conjugation and chiral-conjugation transformations are discussed and it is shown that a finite set of intrinsically relativistic bound-state solutions appears as poles of the transmission amplitude. It is also shown that those bound solutions disappear asymptotically as one approaches the conditions for the realization of the so-called spin and pseudospin symmetries in a four-dimensional space–time. - Highlights: • Scattering and bound states of fermions in a kink-like potential. • No pair production despite the high localization. • No bounded solution under exact spin and pseudospin symmetries.

  1. Upper and lower bounds for an eigenvalue associated with a positive eigenvector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mouchet, Amaury

    particles. © 2006 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.2168124 I. INTRODUCTION In most situations by Handy and Bessis, 1985, the Riccati-Padé method proposed in Fernández et al., 1989 and the lower bounds

  2. ODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remling, Christian

    : (# ess ) H± are bounded below and # ess (H± ) # [0, #). Assuming (# ess ), we can list the negative.1 (Damanik­Killip [5] (see also [6])). Assume (# ess ). Moreover, as­ sume that {E n } is finite. Then # ess

  3. Verifying the error bound of numerical computation implemented in computer systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sawada, Jun

    2013-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A verification tool receives a finite precision definition for an approximation of an infinite precision numerical function implemented in a processor in the form of a polynomial of bounded functions. The verification tool receives a domain for verifying outputs of segments associated with the infinite precision numerical function. The verification tool splits the domain into at least two segments, wherein each segment is non-overlapping with any other segment and converts, for each segment, a polynomial of bounded functions for the segment to a simplified formula comprising a polynomial, an inequality, and a constant for a selected segment. The verification tool calculates upper bounds of the polynomial for the at least two segments, beginning with the selected segment and reports the segments that violate a bounding condition.

  4. Stability of error bounds for semi-infinite convex constraint systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    stable if all its “small” perturbations admit a (local or global) error bound. ... where T is a compact, possibly infinite, Hausdorff space, ft : Rn ? R, t ? T, are given ...

  5. RIGOROUS ANALYSIS OF DISCONTINUOUS PHASE TRANSITIONS VIA MEAN-FIELD BOUNDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    assumption is that these models satisfy the condition of reflection positivity. We prove that whenever a discontinuous transition (which occurs near the mean-field transition temperature), provided the dimension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2. Infrared bound

  6. Crystal Structures of Nucleotide-Free and Glutathione-Bound Mitochondrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    Crystal Structures of Nucleotide-Free and Glutathione-Bound Mitochondrial ABC Transporter Atm1. The two nucleotide-free adenosine 5´-triphosphate binding domains do not interact yet are kept in close

  7. Bounds on the information rate of quantum-secret-sharing schemes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarvepalli, Pradeep [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An important metric of the performance of a quantum-secret-sharing scheme is its information rate. Beyond the fact that the information rate is upper-bounded by one, very little is known in terms of bounds on the information rate of quantum-secret-sharing schemes. Furthermore, not every scheme can be realized with rate one. In this paper we derive upper bounds for the information rates of quantum-secret-sharing schemes. We show that there exist quantum access structures on n players for which the information rate cannot be better than O((log{sub 2}n)/n). These results are the quantum analogues of the bounds for classical-secret-sharing schemes proved by Csirmaz.

  8. Complex harmonic wave scattering asthe framework for investigation of bounded beam reflection and transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Complex harmonic wave scattering asthe framework for investigation of bounded beam reflection their pro- files.We will verifythesestatementswith a largenumberof illustrations. I. COMPLEX HARMONIC WAVE REFLECTION AND TRANSMISSION A. Representation of a complex harmonic wave in a viscoelastic medium

  9. Precision Measurement of the Position-space Wave Functions of Gravitationally Bound Ultracold Neutrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamiya, Y; Komamiya, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gravity is the most familiar force at our natural length scale. However, it is still exotic from the view point of particle physics. The first experimental study of quantum effects under gravity was performed using a cold neutron beam in 1975. Following this, an investigation of gravitationally bound quantum states using ultracold neutrons was started in 2002. This quantum bound system is now well understood, and one can use it as a tunable tool to probe gravity. In this paper, we review a recent measurement of position-space wave functions of such gravitationally bound states, and discuss issues related to this analysis, such as neutron loss models in a thin neutron guide, the formulation of phase space quantum mechanics, and UCN position sensitive detectors. The quantum modulation of neutron bound states measured in this experiment shows good agreement with the prediction from quantum mechanics.

  10. PROOF COMPLEXITY IN ALGEBRAIC SYSTEMS AND BOUNDED DEPTH FREGE SYSTEMS WITH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krajíèek, Jan

    PROOF COMPLEXITY IN ALGEBRAIC SYSTEMS AND BOUNDED DEPTH FREGE SYSTEMS WITH MODULAR COUNTING S. Buss; 2 S. Buss et al. NP 6= coNP . Despite extensive research (see the expository articles Buss (1995b

  11. Analysis and interpretation of well test and production data for bounded reservoir systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Likitsupin, Phisit

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performance data to determine the influence of reservoir boundaries. We provide new, closed form solutions for bounded circular reservoirs with and without vertical fractures, and we provide methodologies for the analysis and interpretation of test data...

  12. Essays on the evolution of social co-ordination and bounded rationality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quilter, Tom

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many evolutionary game theory papers have obtained their results when the bounded rationality which creates change vanishes. In our first chapter we consider whether such results are actually a good reflection of a ...

  13. Risk Bounds for Regularized Least-squares Algorithm with Operator-valued kernels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vito, Ernesto De

    2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that recent results in [3] on risk bounds for regularized least-squares on reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces can be straightforwardly extended to the vector-valued regression setting. We first briefly introduce ...

  14. Seismic reflection data analysis of the Oriente and Swan Fracture Zones bounding the Cayman Trough 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinker, Mary Norris

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEISMIC REFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS OF THE ORIENTE AND SWAN FRACTURE ZONES BOUNDING THE CAYMAN TROUGH A Thesis by MARY NORRIS TINKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Geophysics SEISMIC REFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS OF THE ORIENTE AND SWAN FRACTURE ZONES BOUNDING THE CAYMAN TROUGH A Thesis by MARY NORRIS TINKER Approved as to style and content by: D. A. Fa quiet...

  15. Relationship between R? bounds and asymptotic relative efficiency for quantized receivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cimadevilla, Marcos Ortiz

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AD BOUNDS AND ASYMPTOTIC RELATIVE EFFICIENCY FOR QUANTIZED RECEIVERS A Thesis by MARCOS ORTIZ CIMADEVILLA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject. : Electrical Engineering RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN R() BOUNDS AND ASYMPTOTIC RELATIVE EFFICIENCY FOR QUANTIZED RECEIVERS A Thesis bv MARCOS ORTIZ CIMADEVILLA Approved as to style and content by...

  16. Progress on Problem about Quantum Hamming Bound for Impure Quantum Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuo Li; Lijuan Xing

    2009-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A famous open problem in the theory of quantum error-correcting codes is whether or not the parameters of an impure quantum code can violate the quantum Hamming bound for pure quantum codes. We partially solve this problem. We demonstrate that there exists a threshold such that an arbitrary quantum code must obey the quantum Hamming bound whenever . We list some values of for small d and binary quantum codes.

  17. Kitchen layout and dimensions for the ambulatory and wheelchair-bound elderly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resendiz, Anita Janice

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KITCHEN LAYOUT AND DIMENSIONS FOR THE Al&ULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-BOUND ELDERLY A Thesis ANITA JANICE RESENDIZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August ' 9BS Major Subject: Industrial Engineering KITCHEN LAYOUT AND DIMENSIONS FOR THE AMBULATORY AND WHEELCHAIR-BOUND ELDERLY A Thesis by ANITA JANICE RESENDIZ Approved as to style and content by: R. D. uchings n (Chairman) G. Bayliss...

  18. Is thermodynamics of the universe bounded by the event horizon a Bekenstein system?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subenoy Chakraborty

    2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this brief communication, we have studied the validity of the first law of thermodynamics for the universe bounded by event horizon with two examples. The key point is the appropriate choice of the temperature on the event horizon. Finally, we have concluded that universe bounded by the event horizon may be a Bekenstein system and the Einstein's equations and the first law of thermodynamics on the event horizons are equivalent.

  19. On the potential energy in an electrostatically bound two-body system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Wilhelm; B. N. Dwivedi

    2014-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential energy problem in an electrostatically bound two-body system is studied in the framework of a recently proposed impact model of the electrostatic force and in analogy to the potential energy in a gravitationally bound system. The physical processes are described that result in the variation of the potential energy as a function of the distance between the charged bodies. The energy is extracted from distributions of hypothetical interaction entities modified by the charged bodies.

  20. The Bethe Ansatz for AdS5 x S5 Bound States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M de Leeuw

    2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We reformulate the nested coordinate Bethe ansatz in terms of coproducts of Yangian symmetry generators. This allows us to derive the nested Bethe equations for the bound state string S-matrices. We find that they coincide with the Bethe equations obtained from a fusion procedure. The bound state number dependence in the Bethe equations appears through the parameters x^{\\pm} and the dressing phase only.

  1. A review of "Stuyvesant Bound: An Essay on Loss Across Time" by Donna Merwick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cruz, Laura

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is an excellent piece of scholarship, exhaustively researched and engagingly written. The book will be essential reading for scholars of the later seventeenth century, who will find much of value in Kevin Sharpe’s final opus. Donna Merwick, Stuyvesant Bound..., is a complex historical figure and many historians have wrestled with his character, his actions, and his legacy. Donna Merwick joins these ranks with her slender volume, Stuyvesant Bound: An Essay on Loss across Time, in which she focuses her...

  2. Seismic reflection data analysis of the Oriente and Swan Fracture Zones bounding the Cayman Trough

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tinker, Mary Norris

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEISMIC REFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS OF THE ORIENTE AND SWAN FRACTURE ZONES BOUNDING THE CAYMAN TROUGH A Thesis by MARY NORRIS TINKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8 M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1986 Major Subject: Geophysics SEISMIC REFLECTION DATA ANALYSIS OF THE ORIENTE AND SWAN FRACTURE ZONES BOUNDING THE CAYMAN TROUGH A Thesis by MARY NORRIS TINKER Approved as to style and content by: D. A. Fa quiet...

  3. Concentration of light organic compounds from dilute aqueous solutions by adsorption on bound silicalite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores, Kathryn Louise

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CONCENTRATION OF LIGHT ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM DILUTE AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY ADSORPTION ON BOUND SILICALITE A Thesis KATHRYN LOUISE FLORES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1989 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering CONCENTRATION OF LIGHT ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM DILUTE AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY ADSORPTION ON BOUND SILICALITE A Thesis by KATHRYN LOUISE FLORES Approved...

  4. Upper bound on the secret key rate distillable from effective quantum correlations with imperfect detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moroder, Tobias; Curty, Marcos; Luetkenhaus, Norbert [Quantum Information Theory Group, Institut fuer Theoretische Physik I, and Max-Planck Research Group, Institute of Optics, Information and Photonics, Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Staudtstrasse 7/B2, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a simple method to obtain an upper bound on the secret key rate that is particularly suited to analyze practical realizations of quantum key distribution protocols with imperfect devices. We consider the so-called trusted device scenario where Eve cannot modify the actual detection devices employed by Alice and Bob. The upper bound obtained is based on the available measurements results, but it includes the effect of the noise and losses present in the detectors of the legitimate users.

  5. Limits of control for quantum systems: kinematical bounds on the optimization of observables and the question of dynamical realizability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. G. Schirmer; J. V. Leahy

    2000-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the limits of control for mixed-state quantum systems. The constraint of unitary evolution for non-dissipative quantum systems imposes kinematical bounds on the optimization of arbitrary observables. We summarize our previous results on kinematical bounds and show that these bounds are dynamically realizable for completely controllable systems. Moreover, we establish improved bounds for certain partially controllable systems. Finally, the question of dynamical realizability of the bounds for arbitary partially controllable systems is shown to depend on the accessible sets of the associated control system on the unitary group U(N) and the results of a few control computations are discussed briefly.

  6. Upper Bounds on the Noise Threshold for Fault-tolerant Quantum Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julia Kempe; Oded Regev; Falk Unger; Ronald de Wolf

    2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove new upper bounds on the tolerable level of noise in a quantum circuit. We consider circuits consisting of unitary k-qubit gates each of whose input wires is subject to depolarizing noise of strength p, as well as arbitrary one-qubit gates that are essentially noise-free. We assume that the output of the circuit is the result of measuring some designated qubit in the final state. Our main result is that for p>1-\\Theta(1/\\sqrt{k}), the output of any such circuit of large enough depth is essentially independent of its input, thereby making the circuit useless. For the important special case of k=2, our bound is p>35.7%. Moreover, if the only allowed gate on more than one qubit is the two-qubit CNOT gate, then our bound becomes 29.3%. These bounds on p are notably better than previous bounds, yet are incomparable because of the somewhat different circuit model that we are using. Our main technique is the use of a Pauli basis decomposition, which we believe should lead to further progress in deriving such bounds.

  7. Optimal Heisenberg-style bounds for the average performance of arbitrary phase estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominic W. Berry; Michael J. W. Hall; Marcin Zwierz; Howard M. Wiseman

    2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The ultimate bound to the accuracy of phase estimates is often assumed to be given by the Heisenberg limit. Recent work seemed to indicate that this bound can be violated, yielding measurements with much higher accuracy than was previously expected. The Heisenberg limit can be restored as a rigorous bound to the accuracy provided one considers the accuracy averaged over the possible values of the unknown phase, as we have recently shown [Phys. Rev. A 85, 041802(R) (2012)]. Here we present an expanded proof of this result together with a number of additional results, including the proof of a previously conjectured stronger bound in the asymptotic limit. Other measures of the accuracy are examined, as well as other restrictions on the generator of the phase shifts. We provide expanded numerical results for the minimum error and asymptotic expansions. The significance of the results claiming violation of the Heisenberg limit is assessed, followed by a detailed discussion of the limitations of the Cramer-Rao bound.

  8. The Viscosity Bound Conjecture and Hydrodynamics of M2-Brane Theory at Finite Chemical Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omid Saremi

    2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Kovtun, Son and Starinets have conjectured that the viscosity to entropy density ratio $\\eta/s$ is always bounded from below by a universal multiple of $\\hbar$ i.e., $\\hbar/(4\\pi k_{B})$ for all forms of matter. Mysteriously, the proposed viscosity bound appears to be saturated in all computations done whenever a supergravity dual is available. We consider the near horizon limit of a stack of M2-branes in the grand canonical ensemble at finite R-charge densities, corresponding to non-zero angular momentum in the bulk. The corresponding four-dimensional R-charged black hole in Anti-de Sitter space provides a holographic dual in which various transport coefficients can be calculated. We find that the shear viscosity increases as soon as a background R-charge density is turned on. We numerically compute the few first corrections to the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio $\\eta/s$ and surprisingly discover that up to fourth order all corrections originating from a non-zero chemical potential vanish, leaving the bound saturated. This is a sharp signal in favor of the saturation of the viscosity bound for event horizons even in the presence of some finite background field strength. We discuss implications of this observation for the conjectured bound.

  9. 677http://health.usf.edu/nocms/nursing/ SECTION 20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Health Nursing (NAH) to AdultGerontology Primary Care Nursing (NAH) Occup. Hlth Nursing (NOH) to Pediatric Health Nursing (NCH) Adult & Occup. Health Nursing (NAO) Dual to AdultGeron. Primary Care AdultGerontology Primary Care Dual Oncology/AdultGerontology Primary Care Family Health Pediatric

  10. approach implicates usf1: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    benefits can be achieved when the information is personalized using learners prior knowledge, individual differences and learning styles (Bransford, Brown, & Cocking, 2000)....

  11. 802http://www.uc.usf.edu SECTION 24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Administration Executive MPA *New for Fall 2013 Master of Public Health (M.P.H.) Public Health (MPH) Global Disaster Management and Humanitarian Relief (GDM) Public Health Practice (PHP) Public Health Administration (PHA) Master of Sciences (M.S.) Management Information Systems *New for Fall 2013 Nursing

  12. for classes Go to http://www.usf.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    taken care of your holds, you can begin your class schedule search. #12;Select appropriate term Use this if searching for an online class Choose your campus Start by selecting the appropriate term and campus from when searching for a class. Choose a subject (Ex: ENC) Enter a course # (Ex: 1102) #12;The "Status

  13. USFS Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLC Place: Dallas,UGIURDBCOSO EGS PROJECT | Open

  14. USFS West Wide Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement Record of

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypeforUSDOI - Memorandum 37005

  15. Bounds on the energy densities of ground states on static spacetimes of compact objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Marecki

    2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate quantum fields propagating on given, static, spherically symmetric spacetimes, which are isometric to a part of the Schwarzschild spacetime. Without specifying the internal geometry we show, that there exist bounds on the energy densities of ground states of a quantum scalar field on such spacetimes. The bounds (from above and below) come from the so-called Quantum Energy Inequalities, and are centered around the energy density of the Boulware state (the ground state for Schwarzschild spacetime). The specific value of the bound from below depends critically on the distance $\\ell$ from the horizon, where the spacetimes of compact objects cease to be isometric to the Schwarzschild spacetime. In the limit of small $\\ell$ we prove, that the energy densities of ground states cannot be below the Boulware level.

  16. Theory of microwave spectroscopy of Andreev bound states with a Josephson junction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Bretheau; Ç. Girit; M. Houzet; H. Pothier; D. Esteve; C. Urbina

    2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a microscopic theory for the current through a tunnel Josephson junction coupled to a non-linear environment, which consists of an Andreev two-level system coupled to a harmonic oscillator. It models a recent experiment [Bretheau, Girit, Pothier, Esteve, and Urbina, Nature (London) 499, 312 (2013)] on photon spectroscopy of Andreev bound states in a superconducting atomic-size contact. We find the eigenenergies and eigenstates of the environment and derive the current through the junction due to inelastic Cooper pair tunneling. The current-voltage characteristic reveals the transitions between the Andreev bound states, the excitation of the harmonic mode that hybridizes with the Andreev bound states, as well as multi-photon processes. The calculated spectra are in fair agreement with the experimental data.

  17. The Mayer series of the Lennard-Jones gas: improved bounds for the convergence radius

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardo N. B. de Lima; Aldo Procacci

    2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a lower bound for the convergence radius of the Mayer series of the Lennard-Jones gas which strongly improves on the classical bound obtained by Penrose and Ruelle 1963. To obtain this result we use an alternative estimate recently proposed by Morais et al. (J. Stat. Phys. 2014) for a restricted class of stable and tempered pair potentials (namely those which can be written as the sum of a non-negative potential plus an absolutely integrable and stable potential) combined with a method developed by Locatelli and Schoen (J. Glob. Optim. 2002) for establishing a lower bound for the minimal interatomic distance between particles interacting via a Morse potential in a cluster of minimum-energy configurations.

  18. Lower Bounds on Q for Finite Size Antennas of Arbitrary Shape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Oleksiy S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of the lower bound on the radiation Q for an arbitrarily shaped finite size antenna of non-zero volume is formulated in terms of equivalent electric and magnetic currents densities distributed on a closed surface coinciding with antenna exterior surface. When these equivalent currents radiate in free space, the magnetic current augments the electric current, so that the fields interior to the surface vanish. In contrast to approaches based solely on electric currents, the proposed technique ensures no stored energy interior to the antenna exterior surface, and thus, allows the fundamental lower bound on Q to be determined. To facilitate the computation of the bound, new expressions for the stored energy, radiated power, and Q of coupled electric and magnetic source currents in free space are derived.

  19. Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy fourth quark family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Bulava; Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal; Attila Nagy

    2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We present Higgs boson mass bounds in a lattice regularization allowing thus for non-perturbative investigations. In particular, we employ a lattice modified chiral invariant Higgs-Yukawa model using the overlap operator. We show results for the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy mass-degenerate quark doublet with masses ranging up to 700 GeV. We perform infinite volume extrapolations in most cases, and examine several values of the lattice cutoff. Furthermore, we argue that the lower Higgs boson mass bound is stable with respect to the addition of higher dimensional operators to the scalar field potential. Our results have severe consequences for the phenomenology of a fourth generation of quarks if a light Higgs boson is discovered at the LHC.

  20. The Bound State S-Matrix for AdS5 x S5 Superstring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleb Arutyunov; Marius de Leeuw; Alessandro Torrielli

    2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We determine the S-matrix that describes scattering of arbitrary bound states in the light-cone string theory in AdS5 x S5. The corresponding construction relies on the Yangian symmetry and the superspace formalism for the bound state representations. The basic analytic structure supporting the S-matrix entries turns out to be the hypergeometric function 4F3. We show that for particular bound state numbers it reproduces all the scattering matrices previously obtained in the literature. Our findings should be relevant for the TBA and Luescher approaches to the finite-size spectral problem. They also shed some light on the construction of the universal R-matrix for the centrally-extended psu(2|2) superalgebra.

  1. Minimal time trajectories for two-level quantum systems with two bounded controls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boscain, Ugo, E-mail: ugo.boscain@polytechnique.edu [CNRS, CMAP Ecole Polytechnique, France and Team GECO, INRIA Saclay (France); Grönberg, Fredrik, E-mail: gronb@kth.se [Department of Physics, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) (Sweden); Long, Ruixing, E-mail: ruixing.long@gmail.com [General Motors of Canada, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive, Oshawa (Canada); Rabitz, Herschel, E-mail: hrabitz@princeton.edu [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-1009 (United States)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider the minimum time population transfer problem for a two level quantum system driven by two external fields with bounded amplitude. The controls are modeled as real functions and we do not use the Rotating Wave Approximation. After projection on the Bloch sphere, we treat the time-optimal control problem with techniques of optimal synthesis on 2D manifolds. Based on the Pontryagin Maximum Principle, we characterize a restricted set of candidate optimal trajectories. Properties on this set, crucial for complete optimal synthesis, are illustrated by numerical simulations. Furthermore, when the two controls have the same bound and this bound is small with respect to the difference of the two energy levels, we get a complete optimal synthesis up to a small neighborhood of the antipodal point of the initial condition.

  2. Light-Front Dynamic Analysis of Bound States in Scalar Field Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chueng-Ryong Ji; Yukihisa Tokunaga

    2012-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The light-front dynamics (LFD) of the scalar field model theory is analyzed to solve the two-body bound-state problem. The light-front two-body bound-state equation is extended to the full LFD kernel including the ladder, cross-ladder, stretched-box, and particle-antiparticle creation/annihilation effects to study the contributions of higher Fock-states. The light-front two-body equation is also modified by the term corresponding to the self-energy corrections and counter-terms. Using the variational principle, we obtain the numerical result of the binding energy B versus the coupling constant \\alpha\\ for various mass ratios of the constituent particles including the cases of non-zero exchange particle mass. We also discuss the correlation between the mass spectrum and the corresponding bound-state wavefunction.

  3. Mott law as lower bound for a random walk in a random environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Faggionato; H. Schulz-Baldes; D. Spehner

    2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a random walk on the support of a stationary simple point process on $R^d$, $d\\geq 2$ which satisfies a mixing condition w.r.t.the translations or has a strictly positive density uniformly on large enough cubes. Furthermore the point process is furnished with independent random bounded energy marks. The transition rates of the random walk decay exponentially in the jump distances and depend on the energies through a factor of the Boltzmann-type. This is an effective model for the phonon-induced hopping of electrons in disordered solids within the regime of strong Anderson localization. We show that the rescaled random walk converges to a Brownian motion whose diffusion coefficient is bounded below by Mott's law for the variable range hopping conductivity at zero frequency. The proof of the lower bound involves estimates for the supercritical regime of an associated site percolation problem.

  4. Security bound of two-basis quantum-key-distribution protocols using qudits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nikolopoulos, Georgios M.; Alber, Gernot [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the security bounds of quantum-cryptographic protocols using d-level systems. In particular, we focus on schemes that use two mutually unbiased bases, thus extending the Bennett-Brassard 1984 quantum-key-distribution scheme to higher dimensions. Under the assumption of general coherent attacks, we derive an analytic expression for the ultimate upper security bound of such quantum-cryptography schemes. This bound is well below the predictions of optimal cloning machines. The possibility of extraction of a secret key beyond entanglement distillation is discussed. In the case of qutrits we argue that any eavesdropping strategy is equivalent to a symmetric one. For higher dimensions such an equivalence is generally no longer valid.

  5. Dependence of the wave function of a bound nucleon on its momentum and the EMC effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atti, C. Ciofi degli; Frankfurt, L. L.; Kaptari, L. P.; Strikman, M. I. [Department of Physics, University of Perugia and INFN Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, 69978 Tel Aviv (Israel); Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, RU-141980 JINR, Dubna (Russian Federation) and Department of Physics, University of Perugia and INFN Sezione di Perugia, Via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy); Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

    2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is widely discussed in the literature that the wave function of the nucleon bound in a nucleus is modified by the interaction with the surrounding medium. We argue that the modification should strongly depend on the momentum of the nucleon. We study such an effect in the case of the pointlike configuration component of the wave function of a nucleon bound in a nucleus A, considering the case of arbitrary final states of the spectator A-1 system. We show that for nonrelativistic values of the nucleon momentum, the momentum dependence of the nucleon deformation appears to follow from rather general considerations and discuss the implications of our theoretical observation for two different phenomena: (i) the search for medium-induced modifications of the nucleon radius of a bound nucleon through the measurement of the electromagnetic nucleon form factors via the A(e,e{sup '}p)X process and (ii) the A dependence of the EMC effect.

  6. Rigorous bounds of the Lyapunov exponents of the one-dimensional random Ising model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasquini, M.; Paladin, G.; Serva, M. [Universita dell`Aquila, L`Aquila (Italy)

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We find analytic upper and lower bounds of the Lyapunov exponents of the product of random matrices related to the one-dimensional disordered Ising model, using a deterministic map which transforms the original system into a new one with smaller average couplings and magnetic fields. The iteration of the map gives bounds which estimate the Lyapunov exponents with increasing accuracy. We prove, in fact, that both the upper and the lower bounds converge to the Lyapunov exponents in the limit of infinite iterations of the map. A formal expression of the Lyapunov exponents is thus obtained in terms of the limit of a sequence. Our results allow us to introduce a new numerical procedure for the computation of the Lyapunov exponents which has a precision higher than Monte Carlo simulations.

  7. Universality of the Volume Bound in Slow-Roll Eternal Inflation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dubovsky, Sergei; Senatore, Leonardo; Villadoro, Giovanni

    2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    It has recently been shown that in single field slow-roll inflation the total volume cannot grow by a factor larger than e{sup S{sub dS}/2} without becoming infinite. The bound is saturated exactly at the phase transition to eternal inflation where the probability to produce infinite volume becomes non zero. We show that the bound holds sharply also in any space-time dimensions, when arbitrary higher-dimensional operators are included and in the multi-field inflationary case. The relation with the entropy of de Sitter and the universality of the bound strengthen the case for a deeper holographic interpretation. As a spin-off we provide the formalism to compute the probability distribution of the volume after inflation for generic multi-field models, which might help to address questions about the population of vacua of the landscape during slow-roll inflation.

  8. Technical Report IDSIA-09-01 15 August 2001 16 January 2003 Convergence and Loss Bounds for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidhuber, Juergen

    Technical Report IDSIA-09-01 15 August 2001 ­ 16 January 2003 Convergence and Loss Bounds is al- lowed to choose an action yt based on x1...xt-1 and receives loss xtyt if xt is the next symbol and the total loss L of is bounded in terms of the total loss Lµ of µ. It is shown that L is bounded

  9. A Model-Free No-arbitrage Price Bound for Variance Options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonnans, J. Frederic, E-mail: frederic.bonnans@inria.fr [Ecole Polytechnique, INRIA-Saclay (France); Tan Xiaolu, E-mail: xiaolu.tan@polytechnique.edu [Ecole Polytechnique, CMAP (France)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We suggest a numerical approximation for an optimization problem, motivated by its applications in finance to find the model-free no-arbitrage bound of variance options given the marginal distributions of the underlying asset. A first approximation restricts the computation to a bounded domain. Then we propose a gradient projection algorithm together with the finite difference scheme to solve the optimization problem. We prove the general convergence, and derive some convergence rate estimates. Finally, we give some numerical examples to test the efficiency of the algorithm.

  10. A subspace, interior, and conjugate gradient method for large-scale bound-constrained minimization problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Branch, M.A.; Coleman, T.F.; Li, Y.

    1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A subspace adaptation of the Coleman-Li trust region and interior method is proposed for solving large-scale bound-constrained minimization problems. This method can be implemented with either sparse Cholesky factorization or conjugate gradient computation. Under reasonable conditions the convergence properties of this subspace trust region method are as strong as those of its full-space version. Computational performance on various large test problems is reported; advantages of the approach are demonstrated. The experience indicates that the proposed method represents an efficient way to solve large bound-constrained minimization problems.

  11. Extension of the Parker bound on the flux of magnetic monopoles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, F.C.; Fatuzzo, M.; Freese, K.; Tarle, G.; Watkins, R. (Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1120 (United States)); Turner, M.S. (Departments of Physics and Astronomy and Astrophysics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637-1433 (United States) NASA/Fermilab Astrophysics Center, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510-0500 (United States))

    1993-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An extension of the Parker bound on the flux [ital scrF] of magnetic monopoles leads to a stronger bound than obtained previously. The survival and growth of a small galactic seed field requires [ital scrF][le]10[sup [minus]16]([ital m]/10[sup 17] GeV) cm[sup [minus]2] s[sup [minus]1] sr[sup [minus]1]. This new limit rules out the possibility that monopoles much lighter than 10[sup 17] GeV/[ital c][sup 2] can provide the closure density of the Universe.

  12. Unitarity bounds and RG flows in time dependent quantum field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi Dong; Bart Horn; Eva Silverstein; Gonzalo Torroba

    2012-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We generalize unitarity bounds on operator dimensions in conformal field theory to field theories with spacetime dependent couplings. Below the energy scale of spacetime variation of the couplings, their evolution can strongly affect the physics, effectively shifting the infrared operator scaling and unitarity bounds determined from correlation functions in the theory. We analyze this explicitly for large-$N$ double-trace flows, and connect these to UV complete field theories. One motivating class of examples comes from our previous work on FRW holography, where this effect explains the range of flavors allowed in the dual, time dependent, field theory.

  13. Unitarity Bounds and RG Flows in Time Dependent Quantum Field Theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Xi; Horn, Bart; Silverstein, Eva; Torroba, Gonzalo; /Stanford U., ITP /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC

    2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We generalize unitarity bounds on operator dimensions in conformal field theory to field theories with spacetime dependent couplings. Below the energy scale of spacetime variation of the couplings, their evolution can strongly affect the physics, effectively shifting the infrared operator scaling and unitarity bounds determined from correlation functions in the theory. We analyze this explicitly for large-N double-trace flows, and connect these to UV complete field theories. One motivating class of examples comes from our previous work on FRW holography, where this effect explains the range of flavors allowed in the dual, time dependent, field theory.

  14. A Cognitively Bounded Rational Analysis Model of Dual-Task Performance Trade-Offs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saunders, Mark

    A Cognitively Bounded Rational Analysis Model of Dual-Task Performance Trade-Offs Christian P of interleaving two tasks can be described as making trade-offs between performance on each of the tasks. This can. An objective payoff function was used to describe how participants should trade-off performance between

  15. RECURSIVE BLIND EQUALIZATION WITH AN OPTIMAL BOUNDING ELLIPSOID M. Pouliquen, M. Frikel, M. Denoual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RECURSIVE BLIND EQUALIZATION WITH AN OPTIMAL BOUNDING ELLIPSOID ALGORITHM M. Pouliquen, M. Frikel.pouliquen@unicaen.fr ABSTRACT In this paper, we present an algorithm for blind equalization i.e. equalization without training some simulations are performed. Index Terms-- Blind Equalization, FIR equalizer. 1. INTRODUCTION

  16. Investigating Upper Bounds on Network Lifetime Extension for Cell-Based Energy Conservation Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santi, Paolo

    Investigating Upper Bounds on Network Lifetime Extension for Cell-Based Energy Conservation either for a base network (one without any energy conservation technique) or for one using cooperative energy conservation strategies. In this paper, we investigate the lifetime/density tradeoff under

  17. Bound Together: Masters and Slaves on the Kansas-Missouri Border, 1825-1865

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epps, Kristen Kimberly

    2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Bound Together” chronicles the rise and fall of the slave system on the Kansas-Missouri border from the earliest years of American settlement in the 1820s to the end of the Civil War. This work uses nineteen counties along ...

  18. A General Result on the Stabilization of Linear Systems Using Bounded Controls1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    A General Result on the Stabilization of Linear Systems Using Bounded Controls1 H´ector J. Sussmann that globally stabilize linear systems subject to control saturation. We allow essentially arbitrary saturation- braic) linear control theory, but are ubiquitous in control applications. To quote the recent textbook

  19. Optimal control of constrained, piecewise affine systems with bounded disturbances1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    on the robust optimal control of linear systems to the class of piecewise affine systems. The ex- tensionOptimal control of constrained, piecewise affine systems with bounded disturbances1 Eric C stabilising. Key words: piecewise linear, constraints, optimal control, receding horizon control, model

  20. A new interpretation of the proton-neutron bound state. The calculation of the binding energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. B. Mandache

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We treat the old problem of the proton-neutron bound state (the deuteron). Using a new concept of incomplete (partial) annihilation process we derive a formula for the binding energy of the deuteron, which does not contain any new constant. Some implications of this new approach are discussed.

  1. Magnetically bound states of electronic and positronic hydrogen ions: The case of zero orbital angular momentum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    orbital angular momentum J, and zero net spin i.e., it is a singlet state 2 . Furthermore a positronMagnetically bound states of electronic and positronic hydrogen ions: The case of zero orbital in a uniform magnetic field B, concentrating on states with zero orbital angular momentum J. It is shown

  2. Acidity and catalytic activity of zeolite catalysts bound with silica and alumina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Xianchun

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    of applications as catalysts in the petroleum refining and chemical industry. Because of their poor self- binding property, they need to be bound with a binder (matrix) such as silica, alumina, clay, or their mixture to produce a desired physical shape...

  3. Lower bounds for ballistic current and noise in non-equilibrium quantum steady states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin Doyon

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Let an infinite, homogeneous, many-body quantum system be unitarily evolved for a long time from a state where two halves are independently thermalized. One says that a non-equilibrium steady state emerges if there are nonzero steady currents in the central region. In particular, their presence is a signature of ballistic transport. We analyze the consequences of the current observable being a conserved density; near equilibrium this is known to give rise to linear wave propagation and a nonzero Drude peak. Using the Lieb-Robinson bound, we derive, under a certain regularity condition, a lower bound for the non-equilibrium steady-state current determined by equilibrium averages. This shows and quantifies the presence of ballistic transport far from equilibrium. The inequality suggests the definition of "nonlinear sound velocities", which specialize to the sound velocity near equilibrium in non-integrable models, and "generalized sound velocities", which encode generalized Gibbs thermalization in integrable models. These are bounded by the Lieb-Robinson velocity. The inequality also gives rise to a bound on the energy current noise in the case of pure energy transport. We show that the inequality is satisfied in many models where exact results are available, and that it is saturated at one-dimensional criticality.

  4. Ultrafast control of donor-bound electron spins with single detuned optical pulses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS Ultrafast control of donor-bound electron spins with single detuned optical pulses KAI on microwave sources--can be attained with broadband optical pulses. One promising ultrafast technique uses single broadband pulses detuned from resonance in a three-level system4 . This technique is robust

  5. Numerical solution of eddy current problems in bounded domains using realistic boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Rodolfo

    Numerical solution of eddy current problems in bounded domains using realistic boundary conditions-called eddy currents. The problem is formulated in terms of the magnetic field. This formulation in a metallurgical arc furnace. Key words: low-frequency harmonic Maxwell equations, eddy current problems, finite

  6. Physica B 394 (2007) 357362 Complex bounds and microstructural recovery from measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golden, Kenneth M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sea ice is a porous composite of pure ice with brine, air, and salt inclusions. The polar sea ice. The sea ice is assumed to be a two phase composite of ice and brine with known constituent permittivities. The first set of bounds assumes only knowledge of the brine volume fraction or porosity, and the second set

  7. A Grid-enabled Branch and Bound Algorithm for Solving Challenging Combinatorial Optimization Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    crucial issues, mainly dynamic adaptive load balancing, fault tolerance, global informa- tion sharing NP-hard and complex. The Branch and Bound (B&B) algorithm is one of the most popular methods to solve to the characteristics of the model itself and the properties of the grids. The major of these issues are load balancing

  8. Capacity-Achieving Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate Codes for the BEC with Bounded Complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sason, Igal

    Capacity-Achieving Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate Codes for the BEC with Bounded Complexity Igal-Achieving Codes and Complexity 2 Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate Codes 3 Simulations 4 Symmetry, Duality, and New Transmission Rates Cheaper Systems Why Accumulate-Repeat-Accumulate (ARA) Codes ? They can provide better

  9. Variational representations for the Parisi functional and the two-dimensional Guerra-Talagrand bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei-Kuo Chen

    2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The validity of the Parisi formula in the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick (SK) model was initially proved by Talagrand [12]. The central argument relied on a careful study of the coupled free energy using the Guerra-Talagrand (GT) replica symmetry breaking bound. It is believed that this bound is highly related to the conjectures of chaos and ultrametricity in the SK model, but a completely investigation is still far from been reached. Motivated by the theory of optimal stochastic control, we present a new approach to analysing the Parisi functional and the two-dimensional GT bound in the mixed p-spin model. We first compute the directional derivative of the Parisi functional and obtain equivalent criteria for the Parisi measure. Next we demonstrate how our approach provides an efficient control for the GT bound and yield several results on the positivity of the overlap and disorder chaos problem. In particular, these include new examples of the models containing odd p-spin interactions.

  10. Keller's model Variable energy recreation Bounding the derivative of f Optimization of running strategies based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    strategies based on anaerobic energy and variations of velocity J. Fr´ed´eric Bonnans Inria-Saclay and CMAP of running strategies hal-01024231,version1-15Jul2014 #12;Keller's model Variable energy recreation Bounding.F. Bonnans, Optimization of running strategies based on anaerobic energy and variations of velocity. SIAM J

  11. Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olson, Tamara

    Improved Bounds on the Effective Yield Surface of Inhomogeneous Rigid/Plastic Materials Tamara January 1993 Abstract The yield surface of a mixture of rigid/perfectly­plastic materials is examined plasticity under suffi­ ciently large stress. The set of stresses at which the deformation changes from

  12. Bounding Peer-to-Peer Upload Traffic in Client Networks Chun-Ying Huang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    interest. However, as the amount of peer-to- peer traffic increases, a network administrator would like for such network traffic. Second, as any one can develop their own protocols, even if network administratorsBounding Peer-to-Peer Upload Traffic in Client Networks Chun-Ying Huang National Taiwan University

  13. Surface plasmons of a graphene parallel plate waveguide bounded by Kerr-type nonlinear media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Pui-Tak "Peter"

    Surface plasmons of a graphene parallel plate waveguide bounded by Kerr-type nonlinear media H by a graphene parallel plate waveguide (PPWG), surrounded on one or both sides by Kerr-type nonlinear media unchanged, as compared to those of a typical graphene PPWG. Moreover, PL and LL of the SPs are considerably

  14. The Upper Bound of Capacity for A Concurrent-transmission-based Ad-hoc Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Yu-Chee

    1 The Upper Bound of Capacity for A Concurrent-transmission-based Ad-hoc Network with Single National Chiao-Tung University, Hsin-Chu, 30010 Taiwan Department of Communication Engineering National Chiao-Tung University, Hsin-Chu, 30010 Taiwan Department of Information and Computer Engineering Chung

  15. agonist-bound nuclear receptors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    agonist-bound nuclear receptors First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Predicted structure of...

  16. Moment-based Uniform Deviation Bounds for k-means and Friends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    Moment-based Uniform Deviation Bounds for k-means and Friends Matus Telgarsky Sanjoy Dasgupta are fit to m points by heuristically minimizing the k-means cost; what is the corresponding fit over this mechanism, a soft clustering variant of k-means cost is also considered, namely the log likelihood of a Gaus

  17. Scheduling Algorithms and Bounds for Rateless Data Dissemination in Dense Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starobinski, David

    Scheduling Algorithms and Bounds for Rateless Data Dissemination in Dense Wireless Networks Kan Lin, Germany Email: ska@alum.bu.edu Abstract--Many applications in wireless cellular networks rely dissemination in dense multi-channel wireless cellular networks, using rateless coding transmission. We begin

  18. Yet Another Secure Distance-Bounding Protocol Ventzislav Nikov and Marc Vauclair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    have been proposed by Brands and Chaum in 1993 in order to detect relay attacks, also known as mafia to the prover are relaxed. Keywords: Distance-Bounding protocols, Relay Attacks, Mafia-Fraud. 1 Introduction-trusted environment. Many practical situations motivate this model, e.g. RFID, content protection systems (digi- tal

  19. Safe Upper-bounds Inference of Energy Consumption for Java Bytecode Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politécnica de Madrid, Universidad

    Safe Upper-bounds Inference of Energy Consumption for Java Bytecode Applications (Extended Abstract relying on autonomous on-board data analysis. Intermediate Representation Resource Usage Analysis Energy- mize energy consumption. Several approaches have been developed for estimating the en- ergy consumption

  20. Quantum corrections and bound-state effects in the energy relaxation of hot dense Hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. W. C. Dharma-Wardana

    2008-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Simple analytic formulae for energy relaxation (ER) in electron-ion systems, with quantum corrections, ion dynamics and RPA-type screening are presented. ER in the presence of bound electrons is examined in view of of recent simulations for ER in hydrogen in the range 10^{20}-10^{24} electrons/cc.

  1. Eigenvalue bounds in one dimensional Schrodinger's equation with ultra-short potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabriel Gonzalez

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The problem of a particle localized in a ultra-short potential in one dimension is considered. By proposing a general solution to Schrodinger;s equation we show that the energy spectra and the probability of the particle have definite bounds for an arbitrary ultra-short potential. These results are relevant for the confinement of particles in nanodevices.

  2. Bound State Transfer Matrix for AdS5 x S5 Superstring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleb Arutyunov; Marius de Leeuw; Ryo Suzuki; Alessandro Torrielli

    2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply the algebraic Bethe ansatz technique to compute the eigenvalues of the transfer matrix constructed from the general bound state S-matrix of the light-cone AdS5 x S5 superstring. This allows us to verify certain conjectures on the quantum characteristic function, and to extend them to the general case.

  3. Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bounds on the Energy Consumption of Routings in Wireless Sensor Networks Juan Alonso1 , Adam Technical Report T2003:22 ISSN 1100-3154 ISRN:SICS-T­2003/22-SE Abstract. Energy is one of the most of routing on energy consumption. Our results are very general and, within the assumptions listed in Section

  4. Proton transfer from the bulk to the bound ubiquinone QB of the reaction center in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

    Proton transfer from the bulk to the bound ubiquinone QB of the reaction center in chromatophores, 1999) The mechanism of proton transfer from the bulk into the mem- brane protein interior was studied is accompanied by proton trapping. We used kinetic spec- troscopy to measure (i) the electron transfer to QB (at

  5. Jet Interaction and the Influence of a Minimum Phase Speed Bound on the Propagation of Eddies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallis, Geoff

    Jet Interaction and the Influence of a Minimum Phase Speed Bound on the Propagation of Eddies and analogs of the midlatitude eddy-driven jet and the subtropical jet is investigated in a barotropic b-plane model. In the model the subtropical jet is generated by a relaxation process and the eddy-driven jet

  6. UPPER BOUNDS ON A TWO-TERM EXPONENTIAL SUM TODD COCHRANE AND ZHIYONG ZHENG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochrane, Todd

    a multiplicative character (mod p) and p - (a, b) then we g* *et the stronger bound |S(O, f, pm )| npm=2.3) |S(O, axn + bx, pm )| npm=2. In particular, taking O to be the principal character O0 we obtain(axn + bx)| npm=2. x=1p-x ___________ Date: August 28, 2000. 1991 Mathematics

  7. ODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damanik, David

    : (# ess ) H± are bounded below and # ess (H± ) # [0, #). Assuming (# ess ), we can list the negative set. Theorem 1.1 (Damanik­Killip [5] (see also [6])). Assume (# ess ). Moreover, as­ sume that {E n } is finite. Then # ess = [0, #), and the spectrum is purely absolutely continuous on [0, #) for any boundary

  8. SCHRODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remling, Christian

    to any possible positive result one might imagine. So our basic assumption is the following: (ess) H± are bounded below and ess(H±) [0, ). Assuming (ess), we can list the negative eigenvalues of H+ and H])). Assume (ess). Moreover, as- sume that {En} is finite. Then ess = [0, ), and the spectrum is purely

  9. SCHRODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damanik, David

    to any possible positive result one might imagine. So our basic assumption is the following: (ess) H± are bounded below and ess(H±) [0, ). Assuming (ess), we can list the negative eigenvalues of H+ and H-Killip [5] (see also [6])). Assume (ess). Moreover, as- sume that {En} is finite. Then ess = [0

  10. ODINGER OPERATORS WITH MANY BOUND STATES DAVID DAMANIK AND CHRISTIAN REMLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : (# ess ) H± are bounded below and # ess (H± ) # [0, #). Assuming (# ess ), we can list the negative set. Theorem 1.1 (Damanik­Killip [5] (see also [6])). Assume (# ess ). Moreover, as­ sume that {En } is finite. Then # ess = [0, #), and the spectrum is purely absolutely continuous on [0, #) for any boundary

  11. A Branch-and-Bound Algorithm for the Quadratic Assignment Problem Based on the Hungarian Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Linear Assignment Problem. Our DP solves the QAP in certain cases, i.e., for some small problems (N Assignment Problem, Branch-and-bound, Quadratic Programming, Integer Programming, Mathematical Programming, which has roots in the Hungarian algorithm (see Munkres [21]) which solves the linear assignment problem

  12. Endoplasmic Reticulum-bound Ribosomes Reside in Stable Association with the Translocon following Termination of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicchitta, Chris

    Termination of Protein Synthesis* Received for publication, March 15, 2002, and in revised form, April 18 pathway and dissociation occurring upon the termination of protein synthesis. Recent stud- ies indicate, however, that ribosomal subunits remain membrane-bound following the termination of protein synthesis

  13. Bound on Bell Inequalities by Fraction of Determinism and Reverse Triangle Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Joshi; K. Horodecki; M. Horodecki; P. Horodecki; R. Horodecki; Ben Li; S. J. Szarek; T. Szarek

    2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    It is an established fact that entanglement is a resource. Sharing an entangled state leads to non-local correlations and to violations of Bell inequalities. Such non-local correlations illustrate the advantage of quantum resources over classical resources. Here, we study quantitatively Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As found in [N. Gisin et al., Int. J. Q. Inf. 5, 525 (2007)] quantum mechanical correlations cannot reach the algebraic bound for such inequalities. In this paper, we uncover the heart of this effect which we call the {\\it fraction of determinism}. We show that any quantum statistics with two parties and $2 \\times n$ inputs exhibits nonzero fraction of determinism, and we supply a quantitative bound for it. We then apply it to provide an explicit {\\it universal upper bound} for Bell inequalities with $2\\times n$ inputs. As our main mathematical tool we introduce and prove a {\\it reverse triangle inequality}, stating in a quantitative way that if some states are far away from a given state, then their mixture is also. The inequality is crucial in deriving the lower bound for the fraction of determinism, but is also of interest on its own.

  14. Bounds on the Solar Antineutrino total Flux and Energy spectrum from the SK experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Torrente-Lujan

    1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A search for inverse beta decay electron antineutrinos has been carried out using the 825 days sample of solar data obtained at SK. The absence of a significant signal, that is, contributions to the total SK background and their angular variations has set upper bounds on a) the absolute flux of solar antineutrinos originated from ${}^8 B$ neutrinos $\\Phi_{\\bar{\

  15. A New Expression for 3N Bound State Faddeev Equation in a 3D Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Harzchi; S. Bayegan

    2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A spin-isospin dependent three-dimensional approach has been applied for formulation of the three-nucleon bound state and a new expression for Faddeev equation based on three-nucleon free basis state has been obtained. Then the three-nucleon wave function has been obtained as a function of five independent variables.

  16. Bounds on the Nonminimal Coupling of the Higgs Boson to Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Atkins; Xavier Calmet

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the first bound on the value of the Higgs boson non-minimal coupling to the Ricci scalar. We show that the recent discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN implies that the non-minimal coupling is smaller than $2.6\\times 10^{15}$.

  17. Bounding the Higgs width at the LHC: complementary results from H?WW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, John M.; Ellis, R. Keith; Williams, Ciaran

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the potential of the process gg ? H? WW to provide bounds on the Higgs width. Recent studies using off-shell H? ZZ events have shown that Run 1 LHC data can constrain the Higgs width, $\\Gamma_H < (25-45) \\Gamma_{H}^{\\rm SM}$. Using 20 fb-1 of 8 TeV ATLAS data, we estimate a bound on the Higgs boson width from the WW channel between $\\Gamma_H < (100-500) \\Gamma_H^{SM}$. The large spread in limits is due to the range of cuts applied in the existing experimental analysis. The stricter cuts designed to search for the on-shell Higgs boson limit the potential number of off-shell events, weakening the constraints. As some of the cuts are lifted the bounds improve. We show that there is potential in the high transverse mass region to produce upper bounds of the order of $(25-50) \\Gamma_H^{SM}$, depending strongly on the level of systematic uncertainty that can be obtained. Thus, if these systematics can be controlled, a constraint on the Higgs boson width from the H ? WW$ decay mode can complement a corresponding limit from H ? ZZ.

  18. Design of a Norm-Bounded LQG Controller for Power Distribution Networks with Distributed Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pota, Himanshu Roy

    . Therefore, control of modern electric power systems becomes more and more challenging as the present trends control is essential. Moreover, induction motor loads account for a large portion of domestic loadsDesign of a Norm-Bounded LQG Controller for Power Distribution Networks with Distributed Generation

  19. The Speed Bounds on Event Reporting in Mobile Sensor Networks with Energy Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wenye

    The Speed Bounds on Event Reporting in Mobile Sensor Networks with Energy Constraints Yi Xu network response delay. However, due to the sensor mobility and the energy limitation, fast report and Wenye Wang Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC

  20. Lower Bounds on the Communication Complexity of Shifting Marco D. Adelfio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Computer Science Dartmouth College June 2, 2005 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Communication Complexity bits of communication for an input of size n bits and this protocol can be applied to any function. SoLower Bounds on the Communication Complexity of Shifting Marco D. Adelfio Advisor: Amit Chakrabarti

  1. Lower Bounds on the Communication Complexity of Shifting Marco D. Adelfio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chakrabarti, Amit

    in Computer Science Dartmouth College June 2, 2005 #12; Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Communication Complexity requires n bits of communication for an input of size n bits and this protocol can be applied to anyLower Bounds on the Communication Complexity of Shifting Marco D. Adelfio Advisor: Amit Chakrabarti

  2. Bounds on Timing Jitter Estimation in Cooperative Hani Mehrpouyan and Steven Blostein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blostein, Steven D.

    Bounds on Timing Jitter Estimation in Cooperative Networks Hani Mehrpouyan and Steven Blostein networks require accurate estimation of multiple timing jitters. When combined with signal processing algorithms the esti- mated timing jitters can be applied to mitigate the resulting inter- symbol interference

  3. Data-Dependent Jitter and Crosstalk-Induced Bounded Uncorrelated Jitter in Copper Interconnects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajimiri, Ali

    Data-Dependent Jitter and Crosstalk-Induced Bounded Uncorrelated Jitter in Copper Interconnects Abstract -- This paper resolves the jitter impairment of non-return-to-zero data in transmission lines. The limited bandwidth of the transmission line introduces data- dependent jitter. Crosstalk between

  4. THE LIMITS OF BUFFERING: A TIGHT LOWER BOUND FOR DYNAMIC MEMBERSHIP IN THE EXTERNAL MEMORY MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Qin

    . Our result holds even when the updates and queries are chosen uniformly at random and there are no deletions; it holds for randomized data structures, holds when the universe size is O(n), and does not make any restrictive assumptions such as indivisibility. All of the lower bounds we prove hold regardless

  5. Optimality-based Bound Contraction with Multiparametric Disaggregation for the Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    . The global optimization of mixed-integer nonlinear problem (P) is important in areas such as power systems unit commitment problem [19], which is a quadratic function of power; (ii) the power output in hydro1 Optimality-based Bound Contraction with Multiparametric Disaggregation for the Global

  6. SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro University word-level information in theories richer than propositional logic and using SMT solvers for the generated verification conditions. Here, we investigate the application of dif- ferent SMT solvers

  7. SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software Lucas Cordeiro University by encoding word-level information in theories richer than propositional logic and using SMT solvers for the gener- ated verification conditions. Here, we investigate the application of different SMT solvers

  8. Protocols for BoundedConcurrent Secure TwoParty Computation in the Plain Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindell, Yehuda

    Protocols for Bounded­Concurrent Secure Two­Party Computation in the Plain Model Yehuda Lindell # Department of Computer Science Bar­Ilan University Ramat Gan, 52900, Israel lindell@cs.biu.ac.il September 26­composition, in the plain model (where the only setup assumption made is that the parties communicate via authenticated

  9. Bounds on the Error Probability of ML Decoding for Block and Turbo-Block Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sason, Igal

    Bounds on the Error Probability of ML Decoding for Block and Turbo-Block Codes Igal Sason 32000, Israel March 1999 Abstract The performance of either structured or random turbo-block codes on the other. We focus here on uniformly interleaved and parallel concatenated turbo-Hamming codes

  10. Minimum Buffered Routing with Bounded Capacitive Load for Slew Rate and Reliability Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zelikovsky, Alexander

    reliability with respect to hot­carrier oxide breakdown and AC self­heating in interconnects, and guarantees electrons) [10], [12] and AC self­heating in interconnects [20], and facilitate technology migration since capacitance at gate outputs is a well­known part of today's electrical correctness methodologies. Bounds

  11. GURUSWAMI, H ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudan, Madhu

    GURUSWAMI, H °ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami Johan H°astad Madhu Sudan David Zuckerman Abstract--Informally, an error-correcting code has "nice. Madhu Sudan's address is Laboratory for Computer Science, 200 Tech- nology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139

  12. GURUSWAMI, H ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HÃ¥stad, Johan

    GURUSWAMI, H °ASTAD, SUDAN, AND ZUCKERMAN 1 Combinatorial Bounds for List Decoding Venkatesan Guruswami Johan H°astad Madhu Sudan David Zuckerman Abstract-- Informally, an error-correcting code has. Madhu Sudan's address is Laboratory for Computer Science, 200 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139

  13. Offsite radiological consequence analysis for the bounding unplanned excavation/drilling of 200 area soils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STEPHENS, L.S.

    2003-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis calculates the offsite radiological consequence of the bounding unplanned excavation/drilling of 200 Area soils accident. The US. Department of Energy (DOE) standard DOE-STD-3009-94, ''Preparation Guide for U.S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Documented Safety Analyses'', requires the formal quantification of a limited subset of accidents representing a complete set of bounding conditions. The results of these analyses are then evaluated to determine if they challenge the DOE-STD-3009-94 Appendix A, ''Evaluation Guideline,'' of 25 rem total effective dose equivalent to identify and evaluate safety-class structures, systems, and components. This document supports the development of the unplanned excavation/drilling of 200 Area soils accident in the tank farm documented safety analysis. Consequently, it: (1) Provides a comprehensive review of potential unplanned excavation scenarios (i.e., backhoe, buried pressurized line ruptures, drilling, Guzzler vacuum) to determine the representative activity that would bound unmitigated, unplanned, or inadvertent excavations of 200 Area soils. (2) Evaluates radiological isotope inventories of all current Tank Farm Contractor (TFC) liquid waste disposal sites [i.e., cribs, ditches, and ponds (including French drains)], and isotope inventories of unplanned release sites (UPR) and plume columns. (3) Establishes the radiological consequences to the maximum offsite individual (MOI) from an unplanned/inadvertent 200 Area soil disturbance based on bounding site development and representative accident determination.

  14. Grid Monitoring: Bounds on Performances of Sensor Placement Algorithms Muhammad Uddin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kavcic, Aleksandar

    Grid Monitoring: Bounds on Performances of Sensor Placement Algorithms Muhammad Uddin Anthony Kuh measurement units (PMUs) in the power grid. Given noisy measurements and knowledge of the state correlation to capture the dynamics of the power grid [1]. With the advent of phasor technology, time synchronized

  15. On upper bounds for infinite Prandtl number convection with or without rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constantin, Peter

    coupled to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equa- tions via a buoyancy force proportional to the local Department of Mathematics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 Abstract Bounds for the bulk heat equations. The enhancement of heat transport beyond the minimal conduction value (the Nusselt number Nu

  16. On upper bounds for infinite Prandtl number convection with or without rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constantin, Peter

    temperature coupled to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equa- tions via a buoyancy force proportional Department of Mathematics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 Abstract Bounds for the bulk heat equations. The enhancement of heat transport beyond the minimal conduction value (the Nusselt number Nu

  17. Resource-bounded Continuity and Sequentiality for Type-two Functionals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapron, Bruce

    Resource-bounded Continuity and Sequentiality for Type-two Functionals SAMUEL R. BUSS University powerful then sequentiality when the quantitative consideration of Samuel R. Buss, Department Transactions on Computational Logic, Vol. TBD, No. TBD, TBD 20TBD, Pages 1{15. #12; 2 #1; S.R. Buss and B

  18. Two definitions of the electric polarizability of a bound system in relativistic quantum theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. A. B. Coutinho; Y. Nogami; Lauro Tomio

    1998-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    For the electric polarizability of a bound system in relativistic quantum theory, there are two definitions that have appeared in the literature. They differ depending on whether or not the vacuum background is included in the system. A recent confusion in this connection is clarified.

  19. Lyapunov Exponents of Brownian Motion: Decay Rates for Scaled Poissonian Potentials and Bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ould Ahmedou, Mohameden

    Lyapunov Exponents of Brownian Motion: Decay Rates for Scaled Poissonian Potentials and Bounds Johannes Rueß Universit¨at T¨ubingen Abstract: We investigate Lyapunov exponents of Brownian motion in a nonnegative Poissonian potential V . The Lyapunov exponent depends on the potential V and our interest lies

  20. About the Upper Bound of the Chiral Index of Multivariate Distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petitjean, Michel [DSV/iBiTec-S/SB2SM (CNRS URA 2096), CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

    2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A family of distributions in R{sup d} having a chiral index greater or equal to a constant arbitrarily close to 1/2 is exhibited. It is deduced that the upper bound of the chiral index lies in the interval [1/2; 1], for any dimension d.

  1. System-Wide Energy Minimization for Real-Time Tasks: Lower Bound and Approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Cheng-Zhong

    - time solutions by exploiting its inherent properties. 1. INTRODUCTION Power management is importantSystem-Wide Energy Minimization for Real-Time Tasks: Lower Bound and Approximation Xiliang Zhong and Cheng-Zhong Xu Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Wayne State University, Detroit

  2. System-Wide Energy Minimization for Real-Time Tasks: Lower Bound and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Cheng-Zhong

    28 System-Wide Energy Minimization for Real-Time Tasks: Lower Bound and Approximation XILIANG ZHONG that minimizes system-wide energy consumption for both periodic and sporadic tasks. It is known that a system consists of processors and a number of other components. Energy-aware processors can be run in different

  3. Proton radius, bound state QED and the nonlocality of the electromagnetic interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renat Kh. Gainutdinov

    2011-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The result of a recent measurement of the size of the proton [R. Pohl et al., Nature 466, 213] performed on the base of the muonic hydrogen spectroscopy turned out to be significantly different, by five standard deviations, from the results derived from the atomic hydrogen spectroscopy. This large discrepancy could come from the calculations of the Lamb shift in atomic hydrogen and muonic hydrogen. Here we show that there is a gap in the standard bound-state QED that may be the source of the discrepancy. This gap originates in the fact that within the framework of this theory the QED corrections are described in terms of the respective Green functions. The character of the time evolution of a system which should manifest itself in the general definition of bound states as stationary states of the system cannot be described in terms of the Green functions. We present a consistent way of solving the bound-state problem in QED starting from the condition of stationarity of the bound states. Formulae for the energies and the vectors of the states of one-electron (muon) atoms derived in this way indicate that the standard bound-state QED does not obey the exact description of the atomic states and, as a result, the Lamb shift obtained in its framework should be supplemented by an additional "dynamical" energy shift. It is shown that in this shift natural nonlocality of the electromagnetic interaction that in describing the S matrix and the Green functions is hidden in the renormalization procedure manifest itself explicitly.

  4. Comprehensive Lower Bound Estimation from Behavioral Descriptions \\Lambda Seong Y. Ohm y , Fadi J. Kurdahi y , and Nikil Dutt z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    a comprehensive technique for lower bound estimation (LBE) of resources from behavioral descriptions. Previous on the functional unit resources. Our cost model accounts for stor­ age resources in addition to functionalresources to achieve this goal, we have studied the problem of providing lower bound estimates on resources given

  5. Time-bounded Adaptation for Automotive System Software Serena Fritsch, Aline Senart Douglas C. Schmidt Siobhn Clarke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Douglas C.

    Time-bounded Adaptation for Automotive System Software Serena Fritsch, Aline Senart Douglas C. This paper provides three contributions to the study of time-bounded adaptation for automotive system software. First, we categorise automotive systems with respect to re- quirements for dynamic software

  6. 1348 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 7, JULY 2013 An Upper Bound on the Capacity Loss Due to Imprecise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candan, Cagatay

    1348 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 7, JULY 2013 An Upper Bound on the Capacity Loss Due, IEEE Abstract--A remarkably simple upper bound on the capacity loss due to imprecise channel state, (Capacity Loss) log(1 + var(h - h)SNR) where var(h - h) represents the variance of channel estimation error

  7. Effects of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal

    2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effect of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying ${SU}(2)_L\\times {U}(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

  8. Effects of a potential fourth fermion generation on the Higgs boson mass bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Gerhold; K. Jansen; J. Kallarackal

    2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effect of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying $SU(2)_L\\times U(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

  9. Bound States for Magic State Distillation in Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earl T. Campbell; Dan E. Browne

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magic state distillation is an important primitive in fault-tolerant quantum computation. The magic states are pure non-stabilizer states which can be distilled from certain mixed non-stabilizer states via Clifford group operations alone. Because of the Gottesman-Knill theorem, mixtures of Pauli eigenstates are not expected to be magic state distillable, but it has been an open question whether all mixed states outside this set may be distilled. In this Letter we show that, when resources are finitely limited, non-distillable states exist outside the stabilizer octahedron. In analogy with the bound entangled states, which arise in entanglement theory, we call such states bound states for magic state distillation.

  10. Beta-dependent upper bound on ion temperature anisotropy in a laboratory plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keiter, Paul A. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Scime, Earl E. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Balkey, Matthew M. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Boivin, Robert [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Kline, John L. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Gary, S. Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87544 (United States)

    2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laser induced fluorescence measurements of ion temperatures, parallel and perpendicular to the local magnetic field, in the Large Experiment on Instabilities and Anisotropies space simulation chamber (a steady-state, high beta, argon plasma) display an inverse correlation between the upper bound on the ion temperature anisotropy and the parallel ion beta ({beta}=8{pi}nkT/B{sup 2}). These observations are consistent with in situ spacecraft measurements in the Earth's magnetosheath and with a theoretical/computational model that predicts that such an upper bound is imposed by scattering from enhanced fluctuations due to growth of the ion cyclotron anisotropy instability (the Alfven ion cyclotron instability). (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

  11. A bound on the charm chromo-EDM and its implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filippo Sala

    2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive bounds on the electric and chromo-electric dipole moments of the charm quark. The second one turns out to be particularly strong, and we quantify its impact on models that allow for a sizeable flavour violation in the up quark sector, like flavour alignment and Generic U(2)^3. In particular we show how the bounds coming from the charm and up CEDMs constrain the size of new physics contributions to direct flavour violation in D decays. We also specialize our analysis to the cases of Supersymmetry with split families and composite Higgs models. The results exposed in this paper motivate both an increase in experimental sensitivity to fundamental hadronic dipoles, and a further exploration of the SM contribution to flavour violating D decays.

  12. Bound-state field theory approach to proton structure effects in muonic hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter J. Mohr; J. Griffith; J. Sapirstein

    2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A bound-state field theory approach to muonic hydrogen is set up using a variant of the Furry representation in which the lowest-order Hamiltonian describes a muon in the presence of a point Coulomb field, but the origin of the binding field is taken to be three charged quarks in the proton which are modeled as Dirac particles that move freely within a spherical well. Bound-state field theory techniques are used to evaluate one- and two-photon effects. Particular attention is paid to two-photon exchange diagrams, which include the effect of proton polarizability. In addition the modification of the electromagnetic self energy of the proton by the electric field of the muon is examined. Finally, the model is used to carry out a calculation of the static electric polarizability of the proton.

  13. Propagation of surface waves on a semi-bounded quantum magnetized collisional plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niknam, A. R. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Taheri Boroujeni, S.; Khorashadizadeh, S. M. [Physics Department, University of Birjand, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of)] [Physics Department, University of Birjand, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The propagation of surface waves on a semi-bounded quantum plasma in the presence of the external magnetic field and collisional effects is investigated by using quantum magnetohydrodynamics model. A general analytical expression for the dispersion relation of surface waves is obtained by considering the boundary conditions. It is shown that, in some special cases, the obtained dispersion relation reduces to the results reported in previous works. It is also indicated that the quantum, external magnetic field and collisional effects can facilitate the propagation of surface waves on a semi-bounded plasma. In addition, it is found that the growth rate of the surface wave instability is enhanced by increasing the collision frequency and plasmonic parameter.

  14. Bound States of (Anti-)Scalar-Quarks in SU(3)c Lattice QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iida, H.; Takahashi, T. T. [Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Suganuma, H. [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2007-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Light scalar-quarks {phi} (colored scalar particles or idealized diquarks) and their color-singlet hadronic states are studied with quenched SU(3)c lattice QCD in terms of mass generation. We investigate 'scalar-quark mesons' {phi}{dagger}{phi} and 'scalar-quark baryons' {phi}{phi}{phi} as the bound states of scalar-quarks {phi}. We also investigate the bound states of scalar-quarks {phi} and quarks {psi}, i.e., {phi}{dagger}{psi}, {psi}{psi}{phi} and {phi}{phi}{psi}, which we name 'chimera hadrons'. All the new-type hadrons including {phi} are found to have a large mass due to large quantum corrections by gluons, even for zero bare scalar-quark mass m{phi} = 0 at a-1 {approx} 1GeV. We conjecture that all colored particles generally acquire a large effective mass due to dressed gluon effects.

  15. Stationary bound states of spin-half particles in the Reissner-Nordstroem gravitational field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. V. Gorbatenko; V. P. Neznamov

    2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove the possibility of existence of stationary bound states of spin-half particles in the Reissner-Nordstroem gravitational field using a self-conjugate Hamiltonian with a flat scalar product of wave functions. Bound states of Dirac particles with a real discrete energy spectrum can exist both for particles above the external "event horizon", and for particles under the internal "event horizon", or the Cauchy horizon. The Hilbert condition g_{00}>0 leads to a boundary condition such that components of the vector of current density of Dirac particles are zero near the "event horizons". Based on the results of this study, we can assume that there exists a new type of charged collapsars, for which the Hawking radiation is not present. The results of this study can lead to a revision of some concepts of the standard cosmological model related to the evolution of the universe and interaction of charged collapsars with surrounding matter.

  16. Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a very heavy fourth quark generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Gerhold; K. Jansen; J. Kallarackal

    2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effect of a potential fourth quark generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying ${SU}(2)_L\\times {U}(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

  17. Bounds on self-interacting fermion dark matter from observations of old neutron stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Bramante; Keita Fukushima; Jason Kumar; Elan Stopnitzky

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The existence of old neutron stars deeply constrains self-interacting fermion dark matter, which can form star-killing black holes. We quantify this constraint on dark matter-nucleon scattering, considering collapse scenarios that broaden bounds over intermediate masses. We then find the self- and co-annihilation rates necessary to lift these dark matter-nucleon scattering bounds. For Yukawa-coupled dark matter that fits dwarf galaxy halo profiles with a coupling $\\alpha = 10^{-1}-10^{-4}$, a scalar mediator mass $m_\\phi = 1-500$ MeV, and DM mass $m_X = 0.1-10^7$ GeV, we show that fermion dark matter is unconstrained if it self-annihilates at a rate greater than $10^{-40} ~ \\rm{cm^3/s}$ or co-annihilates with baryons at a rate greater than $10^{-50} ~ \\rm{cm^3/s}$.

  18. Bounds on neutrino masses from leptogenesis in type-II seesaw models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sahu, Narendra; Sankar, S. Uma [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai 400076 (India)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The presence of the triplet {delta}{sub L} in left-right symmetric theories leads to type-II seesaw mechanism for the neutrino masses. In these models, assuming a normal mass hierarchy for the heavy Majorana neutrinos, we derive a lower bound on the mass of the lightest of heavy Majorana neutrinos from the leptogenesis constraint. From this bound we establish a consistent picture for the hierarchy of heavy Majorana neutrinos in a class of left-right symmetric models in which we identify the neutrino Dirac mass matrix with that of Fritzsch type charged lepton mass matrix. It is shown that these values are compatible with the current neutrino oscillation data.

  19. Fast multiscale Gaussian beam methods for wave equations in bounded convex domains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bao, Gang, E-mail: bao@math.msu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China) [Department of Mathematics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Lai, Jun, E-mail: laijun@msu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Qian, Jianliang, E-mail: qian@math.msu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)] [Department of Mathematics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by fast multiscale Gaussian wavepacket transforms and multiscale Gaussian beam methods which were originally designed for pure initial-value problems of wave equations, we develop fast multiscale Gaussian beam methods for initial boundary value problems of wave equations in bounded convex domains in the high frequency regime. To compute the wave propagation in bounded convex domains, we have to take into account reflecting multiscale Gaussian beams, which are accomplished by enforcing reflecting boundary conditions during beam propagation and carrying out suitable reflecting beam summation. To propagate multiscale beams efficiently, we prove that the ratio of the squared magnitude of beam amplitude and the beam width is roughly conserved, and accordingly we propose an effective indicator to identify significant beams. We also prove that the resulting multiscale Gaussian beam methods converge asymptotically. Numerical examples demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the method.

  20. SMT-Based Bounded Model Checking for Embedded ANSI-C Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordeiro, Lucas; Marques-Silva, Joao

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Propositional bounded model checking has been applied successfully to verify embedded software but is limited by the increasing propositional formula size and the loss of structure during the translation. These limitations can be reduced by encoding word-level information in theories richer than propositional logic and using SMT solvers for the generated verification conditions. Here, we investigate the application of different SMT solvers to the verification of embedded software written in ANSI-C. We have extended the encodings from previous SMT-based bounded model checkers to provide more accurate support for finite variables, bit-vector operations, arrays, structures, unions and pointers. We have integrated the CVC3, Boolector, and Z3 solvers with the CBMC front-end and evaluated them using both standard software model checking benchmarks and typical embedded applications from telecommunications, control systems and medical devices. The experiments show that our approach can analyze larger problems and sub...

  1. One-way quantum key distribution: Simple upper bound on the secret key rate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moroder, Tobias; Luetkenhaus, Norbert [Institute of Theoretical Physics I and Max-Planck Research Group, Institute of Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen (Germany); Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1 (Canada); Curty, Marcos [Institute of Theoretical Physics I and Max-Planck Research Group, Institute of Optics, Information and Photonics, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Staudtstrasse 7, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a simple method to obtain an upper bound on the achievable secret key rate in quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols that use only unidirectional classical communication during the public-discussion phase. This method is based on a necessary precondition for one-way secret key distillation; the legitimate users need to prove that there exists no quantum state having a symmetric extension that is compatible with the available measurements results. The main advantage of the obtained upper bound is that it can be formulated as a semidefinite program, which can be efficiently solved. We illustrate our results by analyzing two well-known qubit-based QKD protocols: the four-state protocol and the six-state protocol.

  2. An Empirical Approach to Bounding the Axial Reactivity Effects of PWR Spent Nuclear Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P. M. O'Leary; J. M. Scaglione

    2001-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the significant issues yet to be resolved for using burnup credit (BUC) for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) is establishing a set of depletion parameters that produce an adequately conservative representation of the fuel's isotopic inventory. Depletion parameters (such as local power, fuel temperature, moderator temperature, burnable poison rod history, and soluble boron concentration) affect the isotopic inventory of fuel that is depleted in a pressurized water reactor (PWR). However, obtaining the detailed operating histories needed to model all PWR fuel assemblies to which BUC would be applied is an onerous and costly task. Simplifications therefore have been suggested that could lead to using ''bounding'' depletion parameters that could be broadly applied to different fuel assemblies. This paper presents a method for determining a set of bounding depletion parameters for use in criticality analyses for SNF.

  3. From quantum metrological precision bounds to quantum computation speed-up limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafal Demkowicz-Dobrzanski; Marcin Markiewicz

    2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a scheme for translating metrological precision bounds into lower bounds on query complexity of quantum search algorithms. Within the scheme the link between quadratic performance enhancement in idealized quantum metrological and quantum computing schemes becomes clear. More importantly, we utilize results from the field of quantum metrology on a generic loss of quadratic quantum precision enhancement in presence of decoherence to infer an analogous generic loss of quadratic speed-up in oracle based quantum computing. While most of our reasoning is rigorous, at one of the final steps, we need to make use of an unproven technical conjecture. We hope that we will be able to amend this deficiency in the near future, but we are convinced that even without the conjecture proven our results provide a novel and deep insight into relationship between quantum algorithms and quantum metrology protocols.

  4. On Cosmic No-hair in Bimetric Gravity and the Higuchi Bound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuki Sakakihara; Jiro Soda; Tomohiro Takahashi

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the cosmic no-hair in the presence of spin-2 matter, i.e. in bimetric gravity. We obtain stable de Sitter solutions with the cosmological constant in the physical sector and find an evidence that the cosmic no-hair is correct. In the presence of the other cosmological constant, there are two branches of de Sitter solutions. Under anisotropic perturbations, one of them is always stable and there is no violation of the cosmic no-hair at the linear level. The stability of the other branch depends on parameters and the cosmic no-hair can be violated in general. Remarkably, the bifurcation point of two branches exactly coincides with the Higuchi bound. It turns out that there exists a de Sitter solution for which the cosmic no-hair holds at the linear level and the effective mass for the anisotropic perturbations is above the Higuchi bound.

  5. Crystal structure of a p53 core tetramer bound to DNA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malecka, K.A.; Ho, W.C.; Marmorstein, R.; (Penn)

    2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The tumor suppressor p53 regulates downstream genes in response to many cellular stresses and is frequently mutated in human cancers. Here, we report the use of a crosslinking strategy to trap a tetrameric p53 DNA-binding domain (p53DBD) bound to DNA and the X-ray crystal structure of the protein/DNA complex. The structure reveals that two p53DBD dimers bind to B form DNA with no relative twist and that a p53 tetramer can bind to DNA without introducing significant DNA bending. The numerous dimer-dimer interactions involve several strictly conserved residues, thus suggesting a molecular basis for p53DBD-DNA binding cooperativity. Surface residue conservation of the p53DBD tetramer bound to DNA highlights possible regions of other p53 domain or p53 cofactor interactions.

  6. Bounds on the kdimension of products of special posets Michael Baym # Douglas B. West +

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Douglas B.

    Trotter conjectured that dim P Ã? Q # dimP + dimQ - 2 for all posets P and Q. To shed light on this, we) the concatenation of the images of p and q under these embeddings shows that P Ã? Q embeds in R s+t , and hence dim(P Ã? Q) # dim(P ) + dim(Q). Since P and Q both appear in P Ã? Q, the trivial lower bound is max

  7. Security bound of continuous-variable quantum key distribution with noisy coherent states and channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong Shen; Jian Yang; Hong Guo

    2009-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Security of a continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol based on noisy coherent states and channel is analyzed. Assuming the noise of coherent states is induced by Fred, a neutral party relative to others, we prove that the prepare and measurement scheme and entanglement-based scheme are equivalent. Then, we show that this protocol is secure against Gaussian collective attacks even if the channel is lossy and noisy, and further, a lower bound to the secure key rate is derived.

  8. Amplitudes of radiative corrections in fermion bags bound by Higgs boson exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Yu. Kuchiev

    2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Properties of amplitudes that describe radiative corrections in a bag of heavy fermions bound by the Higgs boson exchange are studied. Classes of amplitudes, in which the large fermion mass is canceled out and hence produces no enhancement for the radiative corrections are found. For fermions with masses in the region 4001000 Gev, the processes described by diagrams with closed fermion loops are also mass-independent.

  9. Bound states for Overlap and Fixed Point Actions close to the chiral limit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Haeusler; C. B. Lang

    2001-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the overlap and the fixed point Dirac operators for massive fermions in the two-flavor lattice Schwinger model. The masses of the triplet (pion) and singlet (eta) bound states are determined down to small fermion masses and the mass dependence is compared with various continuum model approximations. Near the chiral limit, at very small fermion masses the fixed point operator has stability problems, which in this study are dominated by finite size effects,

  10. Theoretical treatments of fusion processes in collisions of weakly bound nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. F. Canto; R. Donangelo; M. S. Hussein

    2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the theoretical methods to evaluate fusion cross sections in collisions of weakly bound nuclei. We piont out that in such collisions the coupling to the breakup channel leads to the appearance of different fusion processes. The extentsion of the coupled-channel method to coupling with the continuum is the most successful treatment for these collisions. However, evaluating separate cross section for each fusion process remains a very hard task.

  11. A network transformation procedure for finding minimal-cost flows in networks with variable lower bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Seongbae

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    : Alberto Garcia-Diaz (Chair of Committee) I' Ces'ar O. Ma ave (member) Orner . Jenkins (' ember) . Kemble Bennett ( Head of Department ) August 1991 A Network Transformation Procedure for Finding Minimal-Cost Flows in Networks with Variable Lower... Bounds. (August 1991) Seongbae Kim, B. S. , Hanyang University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Alberto Garcia-Diaz The main goal of this thesis is twofold: (a) to develop a new algo- rithm to solve the minimal-cost network problem with variable...

  12. Entanglement detection and lower bound of convex-roof extension of negativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Ming; Fei, Shao-Ming; 10.1088/1751-8113/45/3/035301

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a set of inequalities based on mean values of quantum mechanical observables nonlinear entanglement witnesses for bipartite quantum systems. These inequalities give rise to sufficient and necessary conditions for separability of all bipartite pure states and even some mixed states. In terms of these mean values of quantum mechanical observables a measurable lower bound of the convex-roof extension of the negativity is derived.

  13. Entanglement detection and lower bound of convex-roof extension of negativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ming Li; Tong-Jiang Yan; Shao-Ming Fei

    2011-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a set of inequalities based on mean values of quantum mechanical observables nonlinear entanglement witnesses for bipartite quantum systems. These inequalities give rise to sufficient and necessary conditions for separability of all bipartite pure states and even some mixed states. In terms of these mean values of quantum mechanical observables a measurable lower bound of the convex-roof extension of the negativity is derived.

  14. A sharp lower bound for the Wiener index of a graph

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishnan, R; Iyer, K V

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given a simple connected undirected graph G, the Wiener index W(G) of G is defined as half the sum of the distances over all pairs of vertices of G. In practice, G corresponds to what is known as the molecular graph of an organic compound. We obtain a sharp lower bound for W(G) of an arbitrary graph in terms of the order, size and diameter of G.

  15. Efficient bounds on quantum-communication rates via their reduced variants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowakowski, Marcin L.; Horodecki, Pawel [Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, PL-80-952 Gdansk, Poland and National Quantum Information Centre of Gdansk, Andersa 27, PL-81-824 Sopot (Poland)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate one-way communication scenarios where Bob operating on his component can transfer some subsystem to the environment. We define reduced versions of quantum-communication rates and, further, prove upper bounds on a one-way quantum secret key, distillable entanglement, and quantum-channel capacity by means of their reduced versions. It is shown that in some cases they drastically improve their estimation.

  16. A margin based approach to determining sample sizes via tolerance bounds.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newcomer, Justin T.; Freeland, Katherine Elizabeth

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper proposes a tolerance bound approach for determining sample sizes. With this new methodology we begin to think of sample size in the context of uncertainty exceeding margin. As the sample size decreases the uncertainty in the estimate of margin increases. This can be problematic when the margin is small and only a few units are available for testing. In this case there may be a true underlying positive margin to requirements but the uncertainty may be too large to conclude we have sufficient margin to those requirements with a high level of statistical confidence. Therefore, we provide a methodology for choosing a sample size large enough such that an estimated QMU uncertainty based on the tolerance bound approach will be smaller than the estimated margin (assuming there is positive margin). This ensures that the estimated tolerance bound will be within performance requirements and the tolerance ratio will be greater than one, supporting a conclusion that we have sufficient margin to the performance requirements. In addition, this paper explores the relationship between margin, uncertainty, and sample size and provides an approach and recommendations for quantifying risk when sample sizes are limited.

  17. Metastability bounds on flavor-violating trilinear soft terms in the MSSM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, Jae-hyeon [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany)

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vacuum stability bounds on flavor-violating trilinear soft terms are revisited from the viewpoint that one should not ban a standard-model-like false vacuum as long as it is long-lived on a cosmological time scale. The vacuum transition rate is evaluated numerically by searching for the bounce configuration. Like stability, a metastability bound does not decouple even if sfermion masses grow. Apart from being more generous than stability, the new bounds are largely independent of Yukawa couplings except for the stop trilinears. With vacuum longevity imposed on otherwise arbitrary LR insertions, it is found that a super flavor factory has the potential to probe sparticle masses up to a few TeV through B and {tau} physics whereas the MEG experiment might cover a far wider range. In the stop sector, metastability is more restrictive than any existing experimental constraint such as from electroweak precision data. Also discussed are dependency on other parameters and reliability under radiative corrections.

  18. Upper bounds on the relative energy difference of pure and mixed Gaussian states with a fixed fidelity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Dodonov

    2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Exact and approximate formulas for the upper bound of the relative energy difference of two Gaussian states with the fixed fidelity between them are derived. The reciprocal formulas for the upper bound of the fidelity for the fixed value of the relative energy difference are obtained as well. The bounds appear higher for pure states than for mixed ones, and their maximal values correspond to squeezed vacuum states. In particular, to guarantee the relative energy difference less than 10%, for quite arbitrary Gaussian states, the fidelity between them must exceed the level 0.998866.

  19. Bound States of the q-Deformed AdS5 x S5 Superstring S-matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Hoare; Timothy J. Hollowood; J. Luis Miramontes

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The investigation of the q deformation of the S-matrix for excitations on the string world sheet in AdS5 x S5 is continued. We argue that due to the lack of Lorentz invariance the situation is more subtle than in a relativistic theory in that the nature of bound states depends on their momentum. At low enough momentum |p|1. This subtlety fixes a problem involving the consistency of crossing symmetry with the relativistic limit found in earlier work. With mirror kinematics, obtained after a double Wick rotation, the bound state structure is simpler and there are no marginally unstable bound states.

  20. Bound States of the q-Deformed AdS5 x S5 Superstring S-matrix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoare, Ben; Miramontes, J Luis

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The investigation of the q deformation of the S-matrix for excitations on the string world sheet in AdS5 x S5 is continued. We argue that due to the lack of Lorentz invariance the situation is more subtle than in a relativistic theory in that the nature of bound states depends on their momentum. At low enough momentum |p|1. This subtlety fixes a problem involving the consistency of crossing symmetry with the relativistic limit found in earlier work. With mirror kinematics, obtained after a double Wick rotation, the bound state structure is simpler and there are no marginally unstable bound states.