Sample records for uruguay sv svalbard

  1. 6, 39133943, 2006 Svalbard total ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ACPD 6, 3913­3943, 2006 Svalbard total ozone C. Vogler et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Discussions Re-evaluation of the 1950­1962 total ozone record from Longyearbyen, Svalbard C. Vogler 1 , S. Br total ozone C. Vogler et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions References Tables Figures Back

  2. Neoliberal Labor Relations in Two Small Open Democracies: Contemporary New Zealand and Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchanan, Paul G.; Nicholls, Kate

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compare this to Uruguay’s ‘soft’ neo-corporatist model.description, with data, of Uruguay as an exceptional case ofintermediation system in Uruguay exhibits characteristics

  3. iSTEP 2011 Uruguay Sarah Belousov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    iSTEP 2011 Uruguay Sarah Belousov Yonina Cooper M. Bernardine Dias M. Freddie Dias Afnan Fahim Uruguay's Administraci´on Nacional de Educaci´on P´ublica and their partners; the Qatar Foundation: innovative Student Technology Experience, iSTEP, Uruguay, Montevideo, ICTD, ICT4D, English literacy tools

  4. de Intercambio Estudiantil UNIVERSIDAD CATLICA DEL URUGUAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petriu, Emil M.

    Programa de Intercambio Estudiantil UNIVERSIDAD CAT�LICA DEL URUGUAY Nombre de la Universidad Universidad Católica del Uruguay Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga Oficina de Intercambio Estudiantil Secretaría 2738 C.P. 11600 Montevideo Uruguay E-mail interinter@ucu.edu.uy Página Web www.ucu.edu.uy Página Web

  5. PEFC Uruguay Seeks International Recognition JUL 26 2010 | INTERNATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PEFC Uruguay Seeks International Recognition JUL 26 2010 | INTERNATIONAL Uruguay has become important and fastest growing sectors in Uruguay, the sustainable management of the forest resource the organization. If approved, Uruguay would become the third Latin American country featuring a PEFC

  6. Gender Differentials in Judicial Proceedings: field evidence from housing related cases in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gandelman, Eduardo; Gandelman, Nestor; Rothschild, Julie

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    housing related cases in Uruguay Eduardo Gandelman NestorGandelman Universidad ORT Uruguay * Julie Rothschild Mayon judicial proceedings in Uruguay we present evidence that

  7. REGIONES EMERGENTES EN URUGUAY, SUB-REGIN PLATA-MERCOSUR (NOUVEAUX TERRITOIRES EN URUGUAY, SOUS-RGION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 REGIONES EMERGENTES EN URUGUAY, SUB-REGI�N PLATA- MERCOSUR (NOUVEAUX TERRITOIRES EN URUGUAY, SOUS, Uruguay halshs-00960472,version1-10Jun2014 Author manuscript, published in "1ère Conférence continuidad institucional del acuerdo del MERCOSUR como tal, sobre todo por la tensión entre Uruguay y

  8. Ignacio Corder, Universidad Catlica del Uruguay Thomas Schwarz,S.J., Universidad Catlica del Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pâris, Jehan-François

    Ignacio Corderí, Universidad Católica del Uruguay Thomas Schwarz,S.J., Universidad Católica del Uruguay AhmedAmer, Santa Clara University Darrell D. E. Long, UC Santa Cruz J.F. Pâris, University

  9. arctic sediments svalbard: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    had disappeared by ca 10 in the south- western Barents Sea, between the mainland of Norway and the southern end of Svalbard (Fig. 1A Wohlfarth, Barbara 6 Optically Stimulated...

  10. Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Uruguay 23/10/2013ICTP Public Information Office #12;*For the period 1970-1982, 3 visitors came from Uruguay; the total number of visitors is 195 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 ICTP Visitors from Uruguay, 1983

  11. Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum, a Eucalyptus pathogen, on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum, a Eucalyptus pathogen, on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay C. A. Pe. Cassinoni', Ruta 3, km 363, Paysandu´, Uruguay; c Department of Genetics, Forestry and Agricultural Investigacio´n Agropecuaria (INIA), Ruta 48, km 10, Canelones, Uruguay Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum is a canker

  12. Eficiencia energtica y energas renovables en los hoteles de Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Eficiencia energética y energías renovables en los hoteles de Uruguay María Victoria a comprender que cuidando el medio ambiente, también pueden reducir sus costes. Uruguay no es ajeno a esta. Considerando que existen numerosos proyectos de hoteles nuevos en Uruguay, es necesario conocer y

  13. Forms of Memory in Recent Fictional Narrativas from Uruguay: Summoning the Dictatorship in "Mnemonic Interventions"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falek, Alexandra

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fictional Narratives from Uruguay integrity of the humanPerf. Comedia Nacional de Uruguay. Sala Verdi, Montevideo,años del Golpe de Estado en Uruguay. Comp. Aldo Marchesi, et

  14. Uruguay-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    mitigation options adapted to the farming conditions of each country. In Uruguay, Argentina and Colombia, agriculture is the main contributor to greenhouse gas emissions,...

  15. Observation of O++++ 4 lines in proton aurora over Svalbard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lummerzheim, Dirk

    Observation of O++++ 4 P-4 D0 lines in proton aurora over Svalbard N. Ivchenko,1,2 M. Galand,3 B. S March 2004; accepted 26 March 2004; published 29 May 2004. [1] Spectra of a proton aurora event show electron aurora. Conjugate satellite particle measurements are used as input to electron and proton

  16. Cazadores-Recolectores Tempranos Y Supervivencia De Fauna Del Pleistoceno (Equus Sp. Y Glyptodon Sp.) Durante El Holoceno Temprano En La Frontera Uruguay-Brasil [Portuguese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suárez, Rafael; Santos, Guaciara M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de la Arqueología en el Uruguay. Verlang Philipp Von zabern.ria Continental. In: Fósiles del Uruguay, D. PEREA (Org. )los Primeros Ame- ricanos en Uruguay. British Archaeological

  17. Geology, exploration status of Uruguay's sedimentary basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goso, C.; Santa Ana, H. de (Administracion Nacional de Combustibles, Alcohol y Portland (Uruguay))

    1994-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This article attempts to present the geological characteristics and tectonic and sedimentary evolution of Uruguayan basins and the extent to which they have been explored. Uruguay is on the Atlantic coast of South America. The country covers about 318,000 sq km, including offshore and onshore territories corresponding to more than 65% of the various sedimentary basins. Four basins underlie the country: the Norte basin, the Santa Lucia basin, the offshore Punta del Este basin, and the offshore-onshore Pelotas-Merin basin. The Norte basin is a Paleozoic basin while the others are Mesozoic basins. Each basin has been explored to a different extent, as this paper explains.

  18. Teatro en el Cono Sur: Carlos Manuel Varela (Uruguay)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bravo-Elizondo, Pedro

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SPRING 1993 143 Teatro en el Cono Sur: Carlos Manuel Varela (Uruguay) Pedro Bravo-Elizondo Uruguay, el país "tapón" en el Río de la Plata, no contó con un teatro estrictamente nacional sino a partir de la creación de la Comedia Nacional y la... LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW ligadas al drama de Shakespeare, pero a la vez independiente de éste. Conecté la tragedia con lo que sucedía políticamente en el Uruguay de entonces. El texto es Elsinor, pero el subtexto es Montevideo bajo la represión...

  19. ORNL/SUB/94-SV044/1 REPORT ORNL/SUB/94-SV044/1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ORNL/SUB/94-SV044/1 REPORT #12;ORNL/SUB/94-SV044/1 DESICCANT-BASED PRECONDITIONING MARKET ANALYSIS J. Fischer SEMCO, Inc. A. Hallstrom, P.E. The Trane Company, Division of American Standard J. Sand Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6285 managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract

  20. CANARIAS-URUGUAY: UNA DIMENSIN POCO CONOCIDA DEL MOVIMIENTO MIGRATORIO Fernando CARNERO LORENZO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    CANARIAS-URUGUAY: UNA DIMENSI�N POCO CONOCIDA DEL MOVIMIENTO MIGRATORIO ISLE�O Fernando CARNERO, Venezuela, fueron los lugares de arribada preferidos por la diáspora canaria. Pero, Uruguay fue el destino trabajo, Migración, Canarias, Uruguay. #12;1 Introducción1 La historiografía sobre la emigración canaria

  1. Discovery of the eucalypt pathogen Quambalaria eucalypti infecting a non-Eucalyptus host in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Discovery of the eucalypt pathogen Quambalaria eucalypti infecting a non-Eucalyptus host in Uruguay, Paysandú, Uruguay. C Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Forestry and Agricultural Agropecuaria, Ruta 48, km 10, Canelones, Uruguay. E Corresponding author. Email: caperez@fagro.edu.uy Abstract

  2. Species of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay: evidence of fungal host jumps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    Species of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay: evidence Proteccion Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay b Forestry and Agricultural Agropecuaria (INIA), Uruguay d Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, USA a r t i c l e i n f

  3. Ediacaran in Uruguay: Facts and controversies Natalie R. Aubet a, b, *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konhauser, Kurt

    Ediacaran in Uruguay: Facts and controversies Natalie R. Aubet a, b, * , Ernesto Pecoits a, 1, Alberta, Canada b Total E&P Uruguay, Av. Luis Alberto de Herrera 1248, World Trade Center II, Office 2305, CP 11300, Uruguay c Instituto de Ciencias Geologicas, Universidad de la República, Igua 4225

  4. Population Structure and Admixture in Cerro Largo, Uruguay, Based on Blood Markers and Mitochondrial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, Brian M.

    Population Structure and Admixture in Cerro Largo, Uruguay, Based on Blood Markers´n, Universidad de la Repu´blica, 11200 Montevideo, Uruguay 2 Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University Montevideo, Uruguay 4 Laborato´rio de Biotecnologia Veterina´ria, Universidade Luterana do Brasil, 92110

  5. Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    in Uruguay By C. A. Pe´rez1,2,5 , M. J. Wingfield3 , N. A. Altier4 and R. A. Blanchette1 1 Department´, Uruguay; 3 Forestry and Agricultural Biotechnology Institute (FABI), University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Uruguay; 5 E-mail: caperez@fagro.edu.uy (for correspondence) Summary Mycosphaerella leaf diseases

  6. Last date modified 1/17/13 Location and Institution URUGUAY -MONTEVIDEO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galles, David

    Last date modified 1/17/13 Location and Institution URUGUAY - MONTEVIDEO UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DEL URUGUAY Program and Language · Minimum overall GPA of 3.0 or 2 in Uruguay. You must apply as soon as possible once accepted. Documents must

  7. Prof. R. Laurini Gennaio 2008 Seminario dado al Universidad de la Repblica de Uruguay 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurini, Robert

    Prof. R. Laurini Gennaio 2008 Seminario dado al Universidad de la República de Uruguay 1 « 80% de 2008 Seminario dado al Universidad de la República de Uruguay 2 Servicios localizados (LBS) · PDA · GPS 2008 Seminario dado al Universidad de la República de Uruguay 3 GIS para la participación pública

  8. JACQUES H. C. DELABlh REVISTA, DE BIOLOGIA DEI. URUGUAY, VOL. III, N 1, 1975 73

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    " REVISTA, DE BIOLOGIA DEI. URUGUAY, VOL. III, N° 1, 1975 73 ;. ESTUDIO COMPARATIVO DE LA GENITALIA DEL MACHO DE LAS ESPECIES DE ACROMYRMEX DEL URUGUAY * Lucrecia Covelo de ZoIessi, YoIanda Petrone de Abenan1 Acrumyrmex de Ias especies encontradas hasta el momento, en el Uruguay. Queremos destacar que Ia placa

  9. FLUSSI MIGRATORI: GEOGRAFIA, STORIA, PROCESSI CULTURALIE SOCIALI IN URUGUAY TRA XIX E XX Renato MANSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FLUSSI MIGRATORI: GEOGRAFIA, STORIA, PROCESSI CULTURALIE SOCIALI IN URUGUAY TRA XIX E XX SECOLO condiciones primarias indispensables para modernizar esta área e incorporarla al mundo civil. Uruguay nace en nace la identidad uruguaya. El tema de la historia de la poblacion de Uruguay no ha sido afrontado con

  10. Universit de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (France) and Universidad de la Repblica (Uruguay)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (Uruguay) Data Quality Evaluation in Data Integration Systems by Verónika PERALTA PhD Thesis for obtaining) Raúl RUGGIA Professor, Universidad de la República, Uruguay (advisor) tel-00325139,version1-26Sep2008 at the University of the Republic of Uruguay, who introduced me to the fabulous world of research during my master

  11. Fast-flowing outlet glaciers on Svalbard ice caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dowdeswell, J.A. (Univ. of Cambridge (England)); Collin, R.L. (University College of Wales, Aberystwyth (England))

    1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four well-defined outlet glaciers are present on the 2510 km{sup 2} cap of Vestfonna in Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Airborne radio echo sounding and aerial-photograph and satellite-image analysis methods are used to analyze the morphology and dynamics of the ice cap and its component outlet glaciers. The heavily crevassed outlets form linear depressions in the ice-cap surface and flow an order of magnitude faster than the ridges of uncrevassed ice between them. Ice flow on the ridges is accounted for by internal deformation alone, whereas rates of outlet glacier flow require basal motion. One outlet has recently switched into and out of a faster mode of flow. Rapid terminal advance, a change from longitudinal compression to tension, and thinning in the upper basin indicate surge behavior. Observed outlet glacier discharge is significantly greater than current inputs of mass of the ice cap, indicating that present rates of flow cannot be sustained under the contemporary climate.

  12. Chemostratigraphic constraints on early Ediacaran carbonate ramp dynamics, Ro de la Plata craton, Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konhauser, Kurt

    , Uruguay Natalie R. Aubet a, , Ernesto Pecoits a , Andrey Bekker b , Murray K. Gingras a , Horst Zwingmann, Universidad de la República, Iguá 4225, Montevideo, 11400, Uruguay g Gerente Exploración y Producción, ANCAP, Paysandú y Av. Libertador Brig. Gral. J. A. Lavalleja, Montevideo, 11100, Uruguay a b s t r a c ta r t i c

  13. CHEMICAL SIGNATURE OF TWO PERMIAN VOLCANIC ASH DEPOSITS WITHIN A BENTONITE BED FROM MELO, URUGUAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , URUGUAY L. CALARGE1,2,4 ; A. MEUNIER1* ; B. LANSON3 and M. L.L. FORMOSO4 2 ­ Liane Maria Calarge; Alain-layer minerals, Uruguay 5- CHEMICAL SIGNATURE OF TWO BENTONITE DEPOSITS 6 ­ Academic Section: EARTH SCIENCES 7, URUGUAY L. CALARGE1,2,4 ; A. MEUNIER1* ; B. LANSON3 and M. L. FORMOSO4 1 ­ Universidade Católica Dom Bosco

  14. Marginalit biogographique et rsilience Le territoire forestier insulaire du Fleuve Uruguay, 1800-2000.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Marginalité biogéographique et résilience Le territoire forestier insulaire du Fleuve Uruguay Uruguay, 1800-2000. Colloque « La nature a-t-elle encore une place dans les milieux géographiques territoires forestiers. Dans les îles de l'Uruguay, exploitées dès le XVIIè siècle pour leur bois, si rare

  15. LA NATURE CONTRE LE TERRITOIRE : LES CONTRADICTIONS DE LA POLITIQUE DES AIRES PROTEGEES EN URUGUAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    URUGUAY Dorothée Capo. Université de Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne. Pierre Gautreau Université des sciences'environnement est une réalité récente en Uruguay (Achkar et Domínguez, 2000). La création du ministère de l protection des « milieux naturels ». La première originalité tient à la situation écologique de l'Uruguay

  16. DESALINEACIN ELECTORAL Y NUEVOS ESCENARIOS POLTICOS. UN ESTUDIO COMPARADO SOBRE LOS CASOS DE COLOMBIA, COSTA RICA Y URUGUAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    COLOMBIA, COSTA RICA Y URUGUAY Enrico GIACOMETTI SARTHOU Universidad de Salamanca giacometti estudiar estos procesos de cambio, los casos escogidos serán Costa Rica, Colombia y Uruguay. Palabras Clave

  17. Plasma density over Svalbard during the ISBJRN campaign C. M. Hall1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    and below measurements have been impeded by ``clutter'' or interference (the exact cause being unclear previously from Andùya Rocket Range on the Norwegian mainland, this presented an unprecedented in situ determination of positive ion density over Svalbard. Simultaneously, ESR measured similar density pro

  18. Proton and electron precipitation over Svalbard -first results from a new Imaging Spectrograph (HiTIES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendillo, Michael

    Proton and electron precipitation over Svalbard - first results from a new Imaging Spectrograph (Hi Manuscript-No. 1 #12;Proc. of Atmospheric Studies by Optical Methods (2001) :1­4 Proton and electron, U.K. Received: 28.11.2001 ­ Accepted: 11.07.2002 Abstract. An unusually intense energetic proton

  19. Svalbard glacier elevation changes and contribution to sea level rise Christopher Nuth,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kääb, Andreas

    Svalbard glacier elevation changes and contribution to sea level rise Christopher Nuth,1 Geir contribution to global sea level rise of 0.026 mm yrÀ1 sea level equivalent. Citation: Nuth, C., G. Moholdt, J level rise, J. Geophys. Res., 115, F01008, doi:10.1029/2008JF001223. 1. Introduction [2] The most recent

  20. Profil de poste Reprsentant (e) de l'IRD au Chili, Argentine et Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Profil de poste N° 3100 Représentant (e) de l'IRD au Chili, Argentine et Uruguay Catégorie les activités scientifiques en Argentine et en Uruguay. L'IRD bénéficie au Chili d'un statut

  1. Universit europenne d't 2005 "Val de Loire -patrimoine mondial" Tours-Angers-Nantes 26 au 30 septembre 2005 Le patrimoine culturel et industriel du Bas-Uruguay (Argentine,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    septembre 2005 1 Le patrimoine culturel et industriel du Bas-Uruguay (Argentine, Uruguay) : typologie (Uruguay) Courriel : rboretto@adinet.com.uy Zone fluviale frontalière entre l'Argentine et l'Uruguay (v. cartouche fig. 1), le Bas- Uruguay (environ 350 km du nord au sud) est délimité à l'amont par le vaste lac

  2. De Cuentos de hadas, Uruguay y otros sueños: Entrevista con Raquel Diana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bravo-Elizondo, Pedro

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FALL 1999 145 De Cuentos de hadas, Uruguay y otros sueños: Entrevista con Raquel Diana Pedro Bravo-Elizondo Pasaron treinta años después que Vladimir Propp completara su Morfología del cuento (1928) referida a las narraciones folklóricas para... mi pensamiento, buscar libros y me sirve mucho 146 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW para escribir, me entrega otra visión de las cosas, del mundo. A veces, en un parlamento busco en Sócrates o Schopenhauer ideas que pueda emplear. En Uruguay...

  3. Universidad de Lille 1 (Francia) Sistema Nacional de Areas Protegidas (DINAMA MVOTMA URUGUAY) El macizo forestal del Queguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ­ URUGUAY) El macizo forestal del Queguay Informe sobre la constitución de una base de datos para un

  4. IUFRO Division 7 Joint meeting of Forest Pathology and Entomology Research Groups Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay -8th to the 11th November 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacramento, Uruguay - 8th to the 11th November 2011 Prepared by Jolanda Roux Six members of the Tree. This historic meeting, the first ever IUFRO meeting to be held in Uruguay, was attended by more than 100 also included a day in the field, looking at forestry pests and diseases in the south of Uruguay

  5. Reply to Comment by C. Gaucher et al. on "Chemostratigraphic constraints on early Ediacaran carbonate ramp dynamics, Ro de la Plata craton, Uruguay" by Aubet et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konhauser, Kurt

    carbonate ramp dynamics, Río de la Plata craton, Uruguay" by Aubet et al. Gondwana Research (2012), Volume 11400, Uruguay g Gerente Exploración y Producción, ANCAP, Paysandú y Av. Libertador Brig. Gral. J. A. Lavalleja, Montevideo 11100, Uruguay 1. Introduction The comment by Gaucher et al. (2012) focuses on three

  6. Abstract. Signifier and sociolinguistic borders: the cases of the verlan and the vesre The verlan ("back slang" of France) and the vesre (Peru, Argentina, Uruguay) constitute at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ("back slang" of France) and the vesre (Peru, Argentina, Uruguay) constitute at the same time sociolinguistiques : les cas du verlan et du vesre Le verlan (France) et le vesre (Pérou, Argentine, Uruguay vesre Michaël Grégoire1 0. Introduction Le verlan (France) et le vesre (Pérou, Argentine, Uruguay

  7. UN REGALO PARA HISTORIA. A CMERA DE UM "TIGRE DO SAARA" RETRATA TEMPOS DE ESCURIDO NA REPBLICA ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY. Marco Antônio VARGAS VILLALOBOS Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul González. El fotógrafo nacido en Marruecos en la época del protectorado español, llegó a Uruguay como

  8. P and SV waves 3-D Numerical Modeling of AVOA from Heterogeneous Fractured Reservoirs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Xiang

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effects of fracture-induced anisotropy and lateral fracture density heterogeneity on the reflected P and SV wave amplitude variation with offset and azimuth (AVOA), using 3-D finite-difference simulations. The ...

  9. Miscellaneous: Uruguay energy supply options study assessing the market for natural gas - executive summary.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conzelmann, G.; Veselka, T.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Uruguay is in the midst of making critical decisions affecting the design of its future energy supply system. Momentum for change is expected to come from several directions, including recent and foreseeable upgrades and modifications to energy conversion facilities, the importation of natural gas from Argentina, the possibility for a stronger interconnection of regional electricity systems, the country's membership in MERCOSUR, and the potential for energy sector reforms by the Government of Uruguay. The objective of this study is to analyze the effects of several fuel diversification strategies on Uruguay's energy supply system. The analysis pays special attention to fuel substitution trends due to potential imports of natural gas via a gas pipeline from Argentina and increasing electricity ties with neighboring countries. The Government of Uruguay has contracted with Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) to study several energy development scenarios with the support of several Uruguayan institutions. Specifically, ANL was asked to conduct a detailed energy supply and demand analysis, develop energy demand projections based on an analysis of past energy demand patterns with support from local institutions, evaluate the effects of potential natural gas imports and electricity exchanges, and determine the market penetration of natural gas under various scenarios.

  10. ORNL/SUB/94-SV044/3B Active Desiccant Dehumidification Module Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    #12;#12;ORNL/SUB/94-SV044/3B Active Desiccant Dehumidification Module Integration with Rooftop.................................................................. 10 3.3 Description and Schematic of the Integrated ADM Packaged Unit ..................................... 11 4. Laboratory Testing of the Active Desiccant Module and Integrated System

  11. ORNL/SUB/94-SV044/3Report FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF ACTIVE DESICCANT-BASED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    PRECONDITIONING SYSTEMS Final Report: Phase 3 J. Fischer SEMCO, Inc. J. Sand Oak Ridge National Laboratory July#12;ORNL/SUB/94-SV044/3Report FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF ACTIVE DESICCANT-BASED OUTDOOR AIR by UT-BATTELLE, LLC for the U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 #12;iii CONTENTS

  12. L'valuation des consquences de dcisions stratgiques en levage extensif en Uruguay. Une approche par les systmes multi-agents.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    L'évaluation des conséquences de décisions stratégiques en élevage extensif en Uruguay. Une extensif en Uruguay Une approche par les systèmes multi-agents. Doctorat d'Ingénieur soutenu le 12 octobre-6Jul2011 #12;L'évaluation des conséquences de décisions stratégiques en élevage extensif en Uruguay

  13. Paleoclimatic inference from glacial fluctuations on Svalbard during the last 20,000 years

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Svendsen, J.I.; Mangerud, J. [Univ. of Bergen (Norway)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The climate history of western Spitsbergen, Svalbard is deduced from variations of glaciers during the last 20000 years. A major depression of the regional equilibrium line altitude (ELA) occurred during the Late Weichselian glacial maximum (18000-13000 y ago) when low summer temperatures may have caused year-round snow accumulation on the ground. This rapid expansion of the glaciers also indicates nearby moisture sources, suggesting partly open conditions in the Norwegian Sea during the summers. A rapid glacial retreat around 13000-12500 y BP was caused by a sudden warming. During the Younger Dryas the ELA along the extreme western coast of Spitsbergen was not significantly lower than at present. In contrast to Fennoscandia, the British Isles and the Alps, there is no evidence for readvance of local glaciers during Younger Dryas on western Spitsbergen. This difference is attributed to a much dryer climate on Spitsbergen and probably only slight changes in sea surface temperatures. In addition, summer melting in this high arctic area is more sensitive to orbitally increased insolation. Around 10000 y BP another rapid warming occurred and during early and mid Holocene the summer temperatures were significantly higher than at present. A temperature decline during the late Holocene caused regrowth of the glaciers which reached their maximum Holocene position during the last century. 72 refs., 6 figs.

  14. FY04 Inspection Results for Wet Uruguay Fuel in L-Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VORMELKER, PHILIP

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 2004 visual inspection of four Uruguay nuclear fuel assemblies stored in L-Basin was completed. This was the third inspection of this wet stored fuel since its arrival in the summer of 1998. Visual inspection photographs of the fuel from the previous and the recent inspections were compared and no evidence of significant corrosion was found on the individual fuel plate photographs. Fuel plates that showed areas of pitting in the cladding during the original receipt inspection were also identified during the 2004 inspection. However, a few pits were found on the non-fuel aluminum clamping plates that were not visible during the original and 2001 inspections.

  15. Real-Time Visualizations of Ocean Data Collected By The NORUS Glider in Svalbard, Norway Daniel Medina, Mark Moline, Christopher Clark, and Zo J. Wood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Zoë J.

    Real-Time Visualizations of Ocean Data Collected By The NORUS Glider in Svalbard, Norway Daniel, the North America-Norway educational program, has a scientific focus on how climate-induced changes impact, but chemical, biological, and even geological parameters (Bellingham and Godin, 2008). NORUS, the North America-Norway

  16. Terra -Ciencias http://web.mit.edu/tox/sasisekharan/uruguay-cancer.html 1 of 2 7/28/2005 9:51 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sasisekharan, Ram

    Terra - Ciencias http://web.mit.edu/tox/sasisekharan/uruguay-cancer.html 1 of 2 7/28/2005 9:51 PM ! ' !#* ! ,$3% +# ! , % ! $!$# ! !$- ! 4 " 7- +# #++ 4 #%"$ #1 22 3 ' ' /// #12;Terra - Ciencias http

  17. Deriving ice thickness, glacier volume and bedrock morphology of the Austre Lov\\'enbreen (Svalbard) using Ground-penetrating Radar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saintenoy, Albane; Booth, Adam D; Tolle, F; Bernard, E; Laffly, Dominique; Marlin, C; Griselin, M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Austre Lov\\'enbreen is a 4.6 km2 glacier on the Archipelago of Svalbard (79 degrees N) that has been surveyed over the last 47 years in order of monitoring in particular the glacier evolution and associated hydrological phenomena in the context of nowadays global warming. A three-week field survey over April 2010 allowed for the acquisition of a dense mesh of Ground-penetrating Radar (GPR) data with an average of 14683 points per km2 (67542 points total) on the glacier surface. The profiles were acquired using a Mala equipment with 100 MHz antennas, towed slowly enough to record on average every 0.3 m, a trace long enough to sound down to 189 m of ice. One profile was repeated with 50 MHz antenna to improve electromagnetic wave propagation depth in scattering media observed in the cirques closest to the slopes. The GPR was coupled to a GPS system to position traces. Each profile has been manually edited using standard GPR data processing including migration, to pick the reflection arrival time from the ic...

  18. Effect of media composition on intracellular protein degradation in 3T3 and SV40-3T3 cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedges, Patsy Ann

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    when cycloheximide is present under step-down conditions ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ . ~ ~ ~ 29 Ef'feet of sodium and potassium concentration on protein degradation in 3' and SV40-3Ti cells 49 INTRODUCTION Mammalian cells continuously synthesize and degrade most... for total cell proteins approxi- mately doubled under nutritional step-down conditions produced by the removal of serum or amino acids, or both, from the medium. This enhanced rate, which occurs almost immediately, is reduced. by rcaddition of serum...

  19. Modular framework for dynamic modeling and analyses of legged robots S.V. Shah, S.K. Saha , J.K. Dutt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saha, Subir Kumar

    Modular framework for dynamic modeling and analyses of legged robots S.V. Shah, S.K. Saha , J; fax: +91 11 26582053. E-mail addresses: surilvshah@gmail.com (S.V. Shah), saha@mech.iitd.ac.in (S.K. Saha), jkdutt@mech.iitd.ac.in (J.K. Dutt). 0094-114X/$ ­ see front matter © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All

  20. 47Agrociencia. (2006) Vol. X N 2 pg. 47 -61 CAMBIOS EN EL USO DE LA TIERRA EN ARGENTINA Y URUGUAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    47Agrociencia. (2006) Vol. X N° 2 pág. 47 - 61 CAMBIOS EN EL USO DE LA TIERRA EN ARGENTINA Y. Buenos Aires, Argentina. 2 Ecología Terrestre, Facultad de Ciencias ­ Universidad de la República. Montevideo. Uruguay. 3 Grupo de Estudios Ambientales ­ Universidad Nacional de San Luis. San Luis. Argentina

  1. Experiences in the Performance Analysis and Optimization of a Deterministic Radiation Transport Code on the Cray SV1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter Cebull

    2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Attila radiation transport code, which solves the Boltzmann neutron transport equation on three-dimensional unstructured tetrahedral meshes, was ported to a Cray SV1. Cray's performance analysis tools pointed to two subroutines that together accounted for 80%-90% of the total CPU time. Source code modifications were performed to enable vectorization of the most significant loops, to correct unfavorable strides through memory, and to replace a conjugate gradient solver subroutine with a call to the Cray Scientific Library. These optimizations resulted in a speedup of 7.79 for the INEEL's largest ATR model. Parallel scalability of the OpenMP version of the code is also discussed, and timing results are given for other non-vector platforms.

  2. POLARIZED NEUTRONS AND STUDY OF MAGNETIC MATERIALS S.V. Maleyev, A.I. Okorokov, G.P. Gordeyev, V.V. Runov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Titov, Anatoly

    of exploration of the Research Nuclear Reactors. So, after the decision of the construction of the WWR-M Reactor.I. Akhiezer and I.Ya. Pomeranchuk in their seminal papers which were summarized in the book "Certain problem of nuclear theory" edited in Russia in 1950 1]. Then in fties S.V. Maleyev initiated by A.I. Akhiezer and I

  3. StralSV: assessment of sequence variability within similar 3D structures and application to polio RNA-dependent RNA polymerase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zemla, A; Lang, D; Kostova, T; Andino, R; Zhou, C

    2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of the currently used methods for protein function prediction rely on sequence-based comparisons between a query protein and those for which a functional annotation is provided. A serious limitation of sequence similarity-based approaches for identifying residue conservation among proteins is the low confidence in assigning residue-residue correspondences among proteins when the level of sequence identity between the compared proteins is poor. Multiple sequence alignment methods are more satisfactory - still, they cannot provide reliable results at low levels of sequence identity. Our goal in the current work was to develop an algorithm that could overcome these difficulties and facilitate the identification of structurally (and possibly functionally) relevant residue-residue correspondences between compared protein structures. Here we present StralSV, a new algorithm for detecting closely related structure fragments and quantifying residue frequency from tight local structure alignments. We apply StralSV in a study of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of poliovirus and demonstrate that the algorithm can be used to determine regions of the protein that are relatively unique or that shared structural similarity with structures that are distantly related. By quantifying residue frequencies among many residue-residue pairs extracted from local alignments, one can infer potential structural or functional importance of specific residues that are determined to be highly conserved or that deviate from a consensus. We further demonstrate that considerable detailed structural and phylogenetic information can be derived from StralSV analyses. StralSV is a new structure-based algorithm for identifying and aligning structure fragments that have similarity to a reference protein. StralSV analysis can be used to quantify residue-residue correspondences and identify residues that may be of particular structural or functional importance, as well as unusual or unexpected residues at a given sequence position.

  4. SHEAR WAVE SEISMIC STUDY COMPARING 9C3D SV AND SH IMAGES WITH 3C3D C-WAVE IMAGES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Beecherl; Bob A. Hardage

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this study was to compare the relative merits of shear-wave (S-wave) seismic data acquired with nine-component (9-C) technology and with three-component (3-C) technology. The original proposal was written as if the investigation would be restricted to a single 9-C seismic survey in southwest Kansas (the Ashland survey), on the basis of the assumption that both 9-C and 3-C S-wave images could be created from that one data set. The Ashland survey was designed as a 9-C seismic program. We found that although the acquisition geometry was adequate for 9-C data analysis, the source-receiver geometry did not allow 3-C data to be extracted on an equitable and competitive basis with 9-C data. To do a fair assessment of the relative value of 9-C and 3-C seismic S-wave data, we expanded the study beyond the Ashland survey and included multicomponent seismic data from surveys done in a variety of basins. These additional data were made available through the Bureau of Economic Geology, our research subcontractor. Bureau scientists have added theoretical analyses to this report that provide valuable insights into several key distinctions between 9-C and 3-C seismic data. These theoretical considerations about distinctions between 3-C and 9-C S-wave data are presented first, followed by a discussion of differences between processing 9-C common-midpoint data and 3-C common-conversion-point data. Examples of 9-C and 3-C data are illustrated and discussed in the last part of the report. The key findings of this study are that each S-wave mode (SH-SH, SV-SV, or PSV) involves a different subsurface illumination pattern and a different reflectivity behavior and that each mode senses a different Earth fabric along its propagation path because of the unique orientation of its particle-displacement vector. As a result of the distinct orientation of each mode's particle-displacement vector, one mode may react to a critical geologic condition in a more optimal way than do the other modes. A conclusion of the study is that 9-C seismic data contain more rock and fluid information and more sequence and facies information than do 3-C seismic data; 9-C data should therefore be acquired in multicomponent seismic programs whenever possible.

  5. Carbon nanotube IR detectors (SV)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonard, F. L.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) and Lockheed Martin Corporation (LMC) collaborated to (1) evaluate the potential of carbon nanotubes as channels in infrared (IR) photodetectors; (2) assemble and characterize carbon nanotube electronic devices and measure the photocurrent generated when exposed to infrared light;(3) compare the performance of the carbon nanotube devices with that of traditional devices; and (4) develop and numerically implement models of electronic transport and opto-electronic behavior of carbon nanotube infrared detectors. This work established a new paradigm for photodetectors.

  6. Guidance on the Use of Hand-Held Survey Meters for radiological Triage: Time-Dependent Detector Count Rates Corresponding to 50, 250, and 500 mSv Effective Dose for Adult Males and Adult Females

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bolch, W.E. [University of Florida; Hurtado, J.L. [University of Florida; Lee, C. [University of Florida; Manger, Ryan P [ORNL; Hertel, Nolan [Georgia Institute of Technology; Burgett, E. [Georgia Institute of Technology; Dickerson, W. [Armed Force Radiobiological Research Institute

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In June 2006, the Radiation Studies Branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention held a workshop to explore rapid methods of facilitating radiological triage of large numbers of potentially contaminated individuals following detonation of a radiological dispersal device. Two options were discussed. The first was the use of traditional gamma cameras in nuclear medicine departments operated as makeshift wholebody counters. Guidance on this approach is currently available from the CDC. This approach would be feasible if a manageable number of individuals were involved, transportation to the relevant hospitals was quickly provided, and the medical staff at each facility had been previously trained in this non-traditional use of their radiopharmaceutical imaging devices. If, however, substantially larger numbers of individuals (100 s to 1,000 s) needed radiological screening, other options must be given to first responders, first receivers, and health physicists providing medical management. In this study, the second option of the workshop was investigated by the use of commercially available portable survey meters (either NaI or GM based) for assessing potential ranges of effective dose (G50, 50Y250, 250Y500, and 9500 mSv). Two hybrid computational phantoms were used to model an adult male and an adult female subject internally contaminated with 241Am, 60Cs, 137Cs, 131I, or 192Ir following an acute inhalation or ingestion intake. As a function of time following the exposure, the net count rates corresponding to committed effective doses of 50, 250, and 500 mSv were estimated via Monte Carlo radiation transport simulation for each of four different detector types, positions, and screening distances. Measured net count rates can be compared to these values, and an assignment of one of four possible effective dose ranges could be made. The method implicitly assumes that all external contamination has been removed prior to screening and that the measurements be conducted in a low background, and possibly mobile, facility positioned at the triage location. Net count rate data are provided in both tabular and graphical format within a series of eight handbooks available at the CDC website (http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/clinicians/evaluation).

  7. Self-assembled nanolaminate coatings (SV)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fan, H.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) and Lockheed Martin Aeronautics (LM Aero) are collaborating to develop affordable, self-assembled, nanocomposite coatings and associated fabrication processes that will be tailored to Lockheed Martin product requirements. The purpose of this project is to develop a family of self-assembled coatings with properties tailored to specific performance requirements, such as antireflective (AR) optics, using Sandia-developed self-assembled techniques. The project met its objectives by development of a simple and economic self-assembly processes to fabricate multifunctional coatings. Specifically, materials, functionalization methods, and associated coating processes for single layer and multiple layers coatings have been developed to accomplish high reflective coatings, hydrophobic coatings, and anti-reflective coatings. Associated modeling and simulations have been developed to guide the coating designs for optimum optical performance. The accomplishments result in significant advantages of reduced costs, increased manufacturing freedom/producibility, improved logistics, and the incorporation of new technology solutions not possible with conventional technologies. These self-assembled coatings with tailored properties will significantly address LMC's needs and give LMC a significant competitive lead in new engineered materials. This work complements SNL's LDRD and BES programs aimed at developing multifunctional nanomaterials for microelectronics and optics as well as structure/property investigations of self-assembled nanomaterials. In addition, this project will provide SNL with new opportunities to develop and apply self-assembled nanocomposite optical coatings for use in the wavelength ranges of 3-5 and 8-12 micrometers, ranges of vital importance to military-based sensors and weapons. The SANC technologies will be applied to multiple programs within the LM Company including the F-35, F-22, ADP (Future Strike Bomber, UAV, UCAV, etc.). The SANC technologies will establish LMA and related US manufacturing capability for commercial and military applications therefore reducing reliance on off-shore development and production of related critical technologies. If these technologies are successfully licensed, production of these coatings in manufactory will create significant technical employment opportunities.

  8. Ediacaran in Uruguay: palaeoclimatic and palaeobiological implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konhauser, Kurt

    through extensive field-based mapping coupled with detailed sedimentology and stratigraphy of key (Canfield & Teske, 1996). Increased levels of oxygen probably Sedimentology (2008) 55, 689­719 doi: 10

  9. Uruguay: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLCEnergy) Redirect pageon

  10. Hannah Appel S.V. Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graeber. Radical History Review. Winter 2014 (118). 2013 Book Review: Red Tape: Bureaucracy, Structural

  11. Silicon Valley Solar Inc SV Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ |Rippey JumpAirPowerSilcio SA Jump to:Biodiesel Inc Jump

  12. Extracting and Applying SV-SV Shear Modes from Vertical Vibrator Data Across Geothermal Prospects Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hardage, Bob [Bureau of Economic Geology] [Bureau of Economic Geology

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This 3-year project was terminated at the end of Year 1 because the DOE Geothermal project-evaluation committee decided one Milestone was not met and also concluded that our technology would not be successful. The Review Panel recommended a ?no-go? decision be implemented by DOE. The Principal Investigator and his research team disagreed with the conclusions reached by the DOE evaluation committee and wrote a scientifically based rebuttal to the erroneous claims made by the evaluators. We were not told if our arguments were presented to the people who evaluated our work and made the ?no-go? decision. Whatever the case regarding the information we supplied in rebuttal, we received an official letter from Laura Merrick, Contracting Officer at the Golden Field Office, dated June 11, 2013 in which we were informed that project funding would cease and instructed us to prepare a final report before September 5, 2013. In spite of the rebuttal arguments we presented to DOE, this official letter repeated the conclusions of the Review Panel that we had already proven to be incorrect. This is the final report that we are expected to deliver. The theme of this report will be another rebuttal of the technical deficiencies claimed by the DOE Geothermal Review Panel about the value and accomplishments of the work we did in Phase 1 of the project. The material in this report will present images made from direct-S modes produced by vertical-force sources using the software and research findings we developed in Phase 1 that the DOE Review Panel said would not be successful. We made these images in great haste when we were informed that DOE Geothermal rejected our rebuttal arguments and still regarded our technical work to be substandard. We thought it was more important to respond quickly rather than to take additional time to create better quality images than what we present in this Final Report.

  13. Comit : Evaluation -Orientation de la Coopration Scientifique (Argentine -Chili -Uruguay)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigny, Christophe

    :.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Laboratoire (ou équipe) : Departamento de geofisica (DGF) ­ U-chile Nom du Directeur : Emilio Vera

  14. First Specimens of Buteo Albicaudatus and Chordeiles Minor in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juan Cuello Journal:  Condor Volume:  68 Issue:  3 (May-June) Section:  Short Communications Year:  1966 Pages:  301

  15. arapey uruguay una: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    se prenniser et assumer l'essentiel de la politique culturelle de la France1 . La gestion du patrimoine est l'un des secteurs pris en charge par le ministre des...

  16. Uruguay-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLCEnergy) Redirect pageon permeabilityInformation

  17. Overcoming Performance Pitfalls in Rate-Diverse High Speed WLANs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ´es Ferragut, Fernando Paganini Universidad ORT Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay Abstract Recent developments

  18. Connection-level dynamics in networks: stability and control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montevideo, Uruguay Fernando Paganini Universidad ORT Montevideo, Uruguay Abstract--This paper studies

  19. A connection level model for IEEE 802.11 cells Andrs Ferragut

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    República Montevideo, Uruguay ferragut@ort.edu.uy Fernando Paganini Universidad ORT Montevideo, Uruguay

  20. The methanesulfonic acid (MSA) record in a Svalbard ice core Elisabeth ISAKSSON,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    (Fig. 1). The Norwegian Current brings warm water towards the west coast of the archipelago,3 John MOORE,2 Robert MULVANEY4 1 Norwegian Polar Institute, Norwegian Environmental Centre, NO-9296

  1. Monitoring seasonal snow dynamics using ground based high resolution photography (Austre Lovenbreen, Svalbard, 79o

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , 10, 18, 7]. Indeed, small polar hydro-systems exhibit significant responses to climatic anomalies a polar hydro-system. This originality is even more significant in an Arctic environment, where extreme. Hence, in the framework of the 2006-2010 International Polar Year program Hydro- Sensor-FlOWS, a sensor

  2. S96 july 2010| Canada (four), Iceland (nine) and Svalbard (four).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Box, Jason E.

    , and the dates of melt on- set and freeze-up, on Arctic glaciers and ice caps were determined from 2009 Canada, melt duration anomalies (relative to the 2000­04 average) were positive on all ice caps in the Queen Elizabeth Islands, with the largest anomalies occurring on the northernmost ice caps (N Ellesemere

  3. Cyber Security Indications and Warning System (SV): CRADA 1573.94 Project Accomplishments Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Tan Chang (PI, Sandia); Robinson, David G. (Technical PI)

    2011-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    As the national focus on cyber security increases, there is an evolving need for a capability to provide for high-speed sensing of events, correlation of events, and decision-making based on the adverse events seen across multiple independent large-scale network environments. The purpose of this Shared Vision project, Cyber Security Indications and Warning System, was to combine both Sandia's and LMC's expertise to discover new solutions to the challenge of protecting our nation's infrastructure assets. The objectives and scope of the proposal was limited to algorithm and High Performance Computing (HPC) model assessment in the unclassified environment within funding and schedule constraints. The interest is the identification, scalability assessment, and applicability of current utilized cyber security algorithms as applied in an HPC environment.

  4. Licences SV et SME UE 10 diversit et volution du monde vivant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    and Science 17 Call SME Instrument 4 Obiettivi: · Aumentare la competitività, la non-dipendenza e l (2014-2015) H2020-GALILEO-2014/2015 17/12/2013 EGNSS applications GALILEO 1 ­ 2014 - 2015 SME based

  5. Journal of Sound and Vibration (1998) 215(3), 499509 Article No. sv981661

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Pierre

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and to dissipate energy. Applications include flutter mitigation in turbine blades of aircraft engines and power (e.g., dashpots), active (e.g., motors) or semi-active (e.g., hydraulic cylinders with controllable performance that rivals active dampers, while consuming only a fraction of the power required by them [7

  6. Verbundvorhaben: 2346 Frderkennzeichen: 16SV1656 Special Session -Technologies for Ubiquitous Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wichmann, Felix

    Computing Projekt ,Autarke Verteilte Mikrosysteme ` ­ 1. �ffentliches Statusseminar, München 071656 AVM Special Session - Technologies for Ubiquitous Computing Projekt ,Autarke Verteilte Special Session - Technologies for Ubiquitous Computing Projekt ,Autarke Verteilte Mikrosysteme ` ­ 1

  7. Microsoft Word - TLK PTS_CHAT - QER_sv2.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferApril 1,(EAC)TABLE OF CONTENTS 1of: U.S.5 J-B-1345 Unlimited9 Crucial

  8. I L S-V I I I J* I LI

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling CorpNewCF INDUSTRIES,L? .-I I ,Is I I THEI) cL -

  9. ITREOH building of regional capacity to monitor recreational water: Development of a non-commercial microcystin ELISA and its impact on public health policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International Center; Uruguay, Rio de la Plata; waterRepublica, Montevideo, Uruguay (BMB, LD, NF); the Laboratoryof Montev- ideo, Uruguay (BMB, DS); the National Direction

  10. Shelter from the Storm: Upgrading Housing Infrastructure in Latin American Slums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gertler, Paul; Galiani, Sebastian; Cooper, Ryan; Martinez, Sebastian; Ross, Adam; Undurraga, Raimundo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Up Survey El Salvador Uruguay Mexico Obs. Obs. Obs. Obs.Control Differences Uruguay Observations Observations Meanof Security on Program Dummy. Uruguay Mexico El Salvador

  11. Constrained Anisotropic Diffusion and some Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingenier´ia, UdelaR, Montevideo, Uruguay 2 - DIE, Universidad Cat´olica del Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay 3

  12. Historical Timing and Party Building in “Third Wave” Democracies: The Latin American Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberts, Kenneth M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Politicians and Generals in Uruguay. Cambridge: CambridgeIn countries like Uruguay and Colombia, traditionalnewer leftist rivals (Uruguay and Paraguay). Only Honduras

  13. International Human Rights Activism in the United States during the Cold War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramirez, Zachary Steven

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay fled to major cities in theaid to dictatorships in Chile, Uruguay, Argentina, and thecut off military aid to Uruguay showed just how frought its

  14. Do Cash Transfers Improve Birth Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Vital Statistics, Program and Social Security Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amarante, Verónica; Manacorda, Marco; Miguel, Edward; Vigorito, Andrea

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de estadísticas vitales en Uruguay: elementos para sude Estadística, Montevideo, Uruguay. Camacho, A. (2008), “Vitales, Montevideo, Uruguay. Jewell, T. and Triunfo P. (

  15. Cross-National Differences in Attitudes towards Homosexuality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Tom W.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Europeans (New Zealand 10 th , Uruguay 16 th , United Stateswith the exception of Uruguay at 16 th place, Hispanicthe United States, and Uruguay), the mode considered

  16. What kind of interaction between antidumping and competition policies is desirable within Mercosur?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florêncio, Pedro de Abreu e Lima

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    between Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. 3 TheArgentina, Paraguay and Uruguay as well as other Latinincluding Paraguay and Uruguay in the integration process

  17. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Austria Denmark Portugal Uruguay Iceland Spain SlovakiaCyprus Italy Estonia Malta Uruguay Taiwan Hungary Greece S.Slovakia Argentina Slovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil

  18. Adjustment patterns to commodity terms of trade shocks: the role of exchange rate and international reserves policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Edwards, Sebastian; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. The data insuch as Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, with statisticallyNicaragua, Peru and Uruguay suffer real depreciations after

  19. Precipitation over eastern South America and the South AtlanticSea surface temperature during neutral ENSO periods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Charles

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    America (northern Argentina, Uruguay, and southern Brazil)are observed over Uruguay (around 32°S) and offshoreSAD events is observed over Uruguay and adjacent ocean (Fig.

  20. Scholarly publications in Latin America: where, oh index, art thou?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Ruby Meraz

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    taught in Peru, Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil. In 2005, theen un Entorno Digital. ’ In Uruguay, the Asociaciónde Bibliotecólogos del Uruguay offered a course in July 2012

  1. Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administration UTE (1999). UTE Uruguay Consumo de Energía387. McNeil, M. (2003). Uruguay Energy Efficiency Project -Administration UTE (1999). UTE Uruguay Consumo de Energía

  2. Pulp Production in Fray Bentos: Uruguayan Forest Development as a Source of Diplomatic Conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoorl, Daniel Mateo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Gerardo Caetano, Ed. Uruguay: Agenda 2020: Tendencias,2007. Arocena, Rodrigo. “Uruguay and the learning divide. ”195-214. Arocena, Rodrigo. “Uruguay en la nueva ola de las

  3. ARE Update Volume 9, Number 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Philip; Farzin, Y. Hossein; Bond, Craig; Jarvis, Lovell S; Bervejillo, Jose E.; Cancino, Jose P.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    exports from Brazil and Uruguay expanded. These countries,years, Brazil and Uruguay have increasingly controlled FMD,Aus- tralia, New Zealand, Uruguay, and Brazil. The first two

  4. Distribution, abundance and persistence of species of Orasema (Hym: Eucharitidae) parasitic on fire ants in South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varone, L.; Heraty, J.M.; Calcaterra, L.A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sp. Cnia. Hughes C. del Uruguay S. quinquecuspis Buenossites with Orasema spp. in Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay.Trinidad Paraguay Asuncion Uruguay Atlantida Paysandu

  5. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Republic Latvia Belgium Uruguay Netherlands Australia CanadaAustria Canada Ireland Uruguay Portugal Singapore HungaryMexico Pakistan France Uruguay Ukraine Spain Italy Poland

  6. Essays on International Trade Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfayesus, Asrat

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tobago Turkey Uganda Uruguay US Venezuela Zimbabwe Argentinamultilateral level during the Uruguay Round to reduce theirtrading partners. I exploit Uruguay Round based change in

  7. Review: Human Rights, Suffering, and Aesthetics in Political Prison Literature edited by Yenna Wu and Simona Livescu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Sumayya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as China, Egypt, Syria, Uruguay, Morocco, Romania, theIn “Remembering Pain in Uruguay: What Memories Mean incivil conflict in 1970s Uruguay. Stefano asks the reader to

  8. Distribution, abundance and persistence of species of Orasema (Hym: Eucharitidae) parasitic on fire ants in South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varone, L.; Heraty, J.M.; Calcaterra, L.A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sites with Orasema spp. in Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay.Country Locality Bolivia Trinidad Paraguay Asuncion UruguaySolenopsis spp. in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay.

  9. Government Transfers and Political Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manacorda, Marco; Miguel, Edward; Vigorito, Andrea

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de la República, Uruguay andrea@iecon.ccee.edu.uy JanuaryWe are grateful to Uruguay’s Minister for SocialUniversidad de la República (Uruguay), USC, the 2008 CEPR

  10. ON THE FOCUSING PROBLEM FOR THE pLAPLACIAN EVOLUTION EQUATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingenier'ia. Universidad de la Rep'ublica Oriental del Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay. Abstract In this paper

  11. Biosafety or trade barrier? Japan's tenuous trade with California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulvaney, Dustin R; Krupnik, Timothy J; Koffler, Kaden B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and South Korea also have Uruguay Round commitments that areimports. During the 1994 Uruguay Round of international

  12. Reliability of Disk Arrays with Double Parity Thomas Schwarz, S.J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pâris, Jehan-François

    Uruguay Montevideo, Uruguay tschwarz@calprov.org Darrell D.E. Long University of California Santa Cruz, CA

  13. Content Dynamics in P2P Networks from Queueing and Fluid Perspectives.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paganini Universidad ORT Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay Abstract--In this paper we analyze the dynamics of P2

  14. Study Education Abroad Check with the Study Abroad office for up to date costs, course restrictions, and application processes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    of Sunderland (ISEP) Uruguay- Universidad Católica del Uruguay (ISEP)* Elementary Education Australia- University of Chester (ISEP) Uruguay- Universidad Católica del Uruguay (ISEP)* ISEP- ISEP Direct Murcia (ISEP)* Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (ISEP)* Uruguay - Universidad Católica del Uruguay

  15. A framework for the use of the universal soil loss equation in Uruguay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puentes, Ruben

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    erodibility (K fee . or in the USLE) from 0, 01 to 0. 88 (in metr' c tons of soil loss per hectare, per unit of rainfall erosivity) . The USLE was applied to the interpretation of the Uruguayan Reconnaissance Soil Survey, combining comput d K values... risk. Values for soil erodibility were correlated with pedological information systematized in both Soil Taxonomy and the Uruguayan Soil Classification System. Only a few categories showed specific trends. On the other hand, site erodibility...

  16. Uruguay-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTri Global Energy LLCEnergy) Redirect pageon permeability

  17. Uruguay-Climate Change Mitigation and Agriculture in Latin America and the

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,

  18. Multispectral classification and reflectance of glaciers: in situ data collection, satellite data algorithm development, and application in Iceland & Svalbard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pope, Allen J.

    2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Glaciers and ice caps (GIC) are central parts of the hydrological cycle, are key to understanding regional and global climate change, and are important contributors to global sea level rise, regional water resources and local biodiversity...

  19. EPREUVE DE Diversit et volution du monde vivant UE 10 licences SV et SME 1re session 2006-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    of wh ail. The Dep anted to shar ving end of etter or packa e, open, sme ediately 743-3333 nto contact w

  20. EXAMEN UE Diversit et volution du monde vivant licences SV et SME-1re session janvier 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    Centres of Excellence can facilitate SME collaboration. #12;September 19, 2012 2 4. Priority Focus Areas

  1. EXAMEN UE 10 Diversit et volution du monde vivant Licences SV et SME-2me session Juin 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    electron microscope operated at 200 kV. XRD was performed in a D/MAX-RA X-ray diffractometer. The SME by an fcc structure (Ti,Hf)2Ni with Figure 1. Schematic illustration for the SME measurement in the bending

  2. Multicomponent seismic data, combining P-wave and converted P-to-SV wave (C-wave) wavefields, provide inde-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    (fast and slow) with differing polarization. The 4C, 3D ocean-bottom cable (OBC) multicomponent seismic and stratigraphic features within the gas-charged intervals. C- waves (Figure 3) penetrate these P-wave wipeout

  3. Matematikus szak, els# #vfolyam, els# f#l#v Els# z#rthelyi ~ megold#sv#zlatok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiss, Emil

    |(|c| + 2) - |c| > |z| + |c| * *+ 1 - |c| . Teh#t ilyen z eset#n a sorozat nem korl#tos, hiszen minden| + 2 sugar#* * k#rben, #s ez#rt korl#tos. (Kis onom#t#ssal bel#that#, hogy Jc val#j#ban m#r a |c| + 1

  4. IO6264 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY POST OFFICE BOX 2008 WEMTED Sv MARTIN MARIETTA ENERGY SVPEUS. INC

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA groupTuba City, Arizona, DisposalFourthNrr-osams ADMIN551 - g 7635U 93

  5. OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BELARUS UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN CRO. HERZ. (NORWAY) Svalbard FY R OM* SER. KAZAKHSTAN Black Sea Barents Sea

  6. Improving Mobility through a Hybrid Multipath Transport/LISP solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    ­ UdelaR, Uruguay #12;Improving Mobility through a Hybrid Multipath Transport/LISP solution Agenda Context) Eduardo Grampín (UdelaR, Uruguay) Roque Gagliano (UdelaR, Uruguay) Alberto Castro (UPC, Spain ­ UdelaR, Uruguay) Martín Germán (UPC, Spain ­ UdelaR, Uruguay) #12;Improving Mobility through a Hybrid Multipath

  7. This Provisional PDF corresponds to the article as it appeared upon acceptance. Fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) versions will be made available soon.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Montevideo, CP 11400, Uruguay 2 Sección Biomatemática, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la Republica Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay 3 Departamento de Bioquímica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay 4 Centro de Estudios Biomédicos y Veterinarios, Universidad Nacional

  8. The Decline of Global Trade Negotiations—and the Rise of Judicial and Regional Alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinberg, Richard H.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impose the results of the Uruguay Round negotiations on theapproach to closing the Uruguay Round, allowed the EC andUndertaking that closed the Uruguay Round, the norm of

  9. Linking fisheries management and conservation in bioengineering species: the case of South American mussels (Mytilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carranza, Alvar; Defeo, Omar; Beck, Mike; Castilla, Juan Carlos

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    occurs along the coast of Uruguay (Scarabino et al. 2006).project UTF/URU/025/URU (Uruguay) is acknowledged. SpecialCP11400 Montevideo, Uruguay e-mail: alvardoc@fcien.edu.uy A.

  10. Protection from exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke. Policy recommendations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s/n / P. 1 Montevideo, Uruguay Araceli Ferrari Médico AsesorOf. 1104/05 Montevideo, Uruguay Beatriz Goja Médico Facultad3499/1006 Montevideo, Uruguay Ana Lorenzo Médico Programa

  11. OCTOBER 2008 1 Marcelo Yannuzzi Sanchez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    , University of the Republic, Uruguay. Professional Experience: · 1993 - 2003: A.N.TEL, National Telco, Uruguay: · January 2001: Program for the Development of Basic Sciences (PEDECIBA) award, Uruguay, to carry out

  12. Partisanship and Economic Policies in Developing Countries during Dismal Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Julia Hyeyong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    161 Figure 5.28. Uruguay: Fiscal Deficits as % GDP (1980-164 Figure 5.29. Uruguay: Social Protection vs. Education2006)………165 Figure 5.30. Uruguay: Ratio of Social Protection

  13. Towards an Intellectual Property Bargaining Theory: The Post-WTO Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benoliel, Daniel; Salama, Bruno

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two Achievements of the Uruguay Round: Putting TRIPS andof the WTO after the Uruguay Round with the prior power-Instruments--Results of the Uruguay Round, 33 I.L.M. 1197 (

  14. Optimal Stopping and Perpetual Options for L'evy processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mordecki, Ernesto

    'ublica, Montevideo, Uruguay. Postal Address: Facultad de Ciencias Centro de Matem'atica. Igu'a 4225. CP 11400. Montevideo. Uruguay. Running title: Stopping a L, Montevideo, Uruguay. (e-mail: mordecki@cmat.edu.uy, url: www

  15. BEYOND THE ARITHMETIC A Dissertation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shore, Richard A.

    , Uruguay. I started to take mathematics seriously when I join the math Olympiads team of Uruguay, Uruguay. There I had Paula Severi and Walter Ferrer as my advisers. They are the ones who introduced me

  16. ALICIA L. CARRIQUIRY Department of Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carriquiry, Alicia

    ., Universidad de la República, Uruguay, December, 1981. EXPERIENCE Associate Provost, (three quarter and Biological Statistics, Universidad de la República del Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay, March 2009 to date

  17. Including Outsiders: Social Policy Expansion in Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garay, Maria Candelaria

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Change in Chile and Uruguay, 1973-1998, PhD Dissertation,República Oriental del Uruguay. 1999. Diario de Sesiones deRepública Oriental del Uruguay. 2003. Diario de Sesiones de

  18. The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea: Background, Analysis, and Perspectives for California Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Dan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Appendix Table A-1. Detailed Uruguay-Round Tariff Schedule:09-2 Table A-1. Detailed Uruguay-Round Tariff Schedule: Most45 A-1. Detailed Uruguay-Round Tariff Schedule: Most Favored

  19. A ring system detected around the minor planet (10199) F. Braga-Ribas1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demoulin, Pascal

    , Montevideo, Uruguay. 20. Dpto. Astronomia, Facultad Ciencias, Uruguay. 21. Observatorio El Catalejo, Santa´on, Uruguay. 25. National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory. 26. Key Laboratory for the Structure

  20. A protocol for the moderation of non-cooperative nodes in wireless local area networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ´opez and Fernando Paganini Universidad ORT Uruguay Abstract-- MAC protocols for wireless networks such as 802 Cuareim 1451, Montevideo, Uruguay. Email: {lopez ma,paganini}@ort.edu.uy. This work was supported by PDT-Uruguay

  1. Protection From Exposure to Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke: Policy recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s/n / P. 1 Montevideo, Uruguay Araceli Ferrari Médico AsesorOf. 1104/05 Montevideo, Uruguay Beatriz Goja Médico Facultad3499/1006 Montevideo, Uruguay Ana Lorenzo Médico Programa

  2. Internacionalismo y nacionalismo: el aeroplano

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giucci, Guillermo

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    siempre a menor despoblado Uruguay, pilotos nativos la eralos vuelos. ejemplo de Uruguay sigue ingresar en civiles, lade los Moros, rescate y en Uruguay los Salem Barca. Luego de

  3. Tomando partido: Soccer and Political Opposition in O Ano em Que Meus Pais Saíram de Férias (Cao Hamburger 2006) and Paisito (Ana Díez 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogan, Erin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    años del golpe de estado en Uruguay. Eds. Aldo Marchesi, etFleitas, Giovanna. “Former Uruguay Officers Demand End toa Mujica. San Martín, Uruguay: Fin de siglo editorial, 2009.

  4. WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: Mobilizing the world for global public health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s/n / P. 1 Montevideo, Uruguay Araceli Ferrari Médico AsesorOf. 1104/05 Montevideo, Uruguay Beatriz Goja Médico Facultad3499/1006 Montevideo, Uruguay Ana Lorenzo Médico Programa

  5. Memory and Fantasy: The Imaginative Reconstruction of a Lost Past in Las cartas que no llegaron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colvin, Andrea

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    llegaron. Montevideo, Uruguay: Ediciones Santillana, 2000.to improve their life in Uruguay. In the 1960s, Rosencofthe family to be born in Uruguay, he does not share the same

  6. ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colominas, Ignasi

    la República, Uruguay, Montevideo 11200, Uruguay, and Accounting and Finance Department, Norte Construcciones, Punta del Este, Maldonado 20100, Uruguay Luis Fuentes García Departamento de Métodos Matemáticos

  7. Learning Literacy with Wikipedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ananian, C. Scott

    Laptop per Child in Uruguay Uruguay provided a laptop to every 1st- 6th grade child in the country. 395 per Child in Uruguay Children's favorite activities, by grade (2009) WEB #12;"I like my XO because

  8. When did the dollar overtake sterling as the leading international currency? Evidence from the bond markets (revised)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitu, Liva; Eichengreen, Barry; Mehl, Arnaud

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Similarly, in the case of Uruguay, it is reported that (Switzerland, Turkey and Uruguay. A few countries (e.g.pesos and are held in Uruguay”. In addition, since we

  9. Averting Speed Inefficiency in Rate-Diverse WiFi Networks through Queueing and Aggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ´in Zubeld´ia, Andr´es Ferragut and Fernando Paganini Universidad ORT Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay Abstract is to differentiate traffic classes, not individual station data rates. Research supported by ANII-Uruguay scholarship

  10. Gonzalo Alvarez Nanomaterials Theory Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    . of Montevideo, Uruguay Physics M.S., 1999 U. of Montevideo, Uruguay Physics B.S., 1996 Professional Experience. of Montevideo, Uruguay Honors and Awards 2011 Early Career award, Department of Energy 2008 Gordon Bell Prize

  11. The Histochemical Society, Inc. 0022-1554/02/$3.30 839 Volume 50(6): 839850, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burnstock, Geoffrey

    , Montevideo, Uruguay (AR,LV,RCG,MMB); Departamento de Histología, Facultad de Medicina, Montevideo, Uruguay, Avenida Italia 3318, Montevideo 11600, Uruguay. E-mail: brauer@ iibce.edu.uy Received for publication

  12. World Agriculture Trade in Purgatory: The Uruguay Round Agriculture Agreement and Its Implications for the DOHA Round

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 691 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 692 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 693 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 694 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 695 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 696 2003 Hein...Online -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 697 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 698 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 699 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 700 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 701 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev. 702 2003 HeinOnline -- 79 N.D. L. Rev...

  13. 10/20/2011 7:39 PM Low-Redundancy Two-Dimensional RAID Arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pâris, Jehan-François

    Informática y Ciencias de la Computación Universidad Católica del Uruguay 11600 Montevideo, Uruguay tschwarz

  14. UNIVERSIDAD DE LA REP UBLICA Facultad de Ingenieria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Uruguay 22 de febrero de 2012 #12;II #12;UNIVERSIDAD DE LA REP ´UBLICA ORIENTAL DEL URUGUAY FACULTAD DE

  15. 10/21/2011 11:46 PM 1 Pay-to-Play: An Incentive Mechanism for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pâris, Jehan-François

    ., Universidad Católica del Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay, tschwarz@ucu.edu.uy Adapting P2P technology to Vo

  16. Fluid Limits Applied to Peer to Peer Network Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ´ublica Montevideo, Uruguay aspirot@fing.edu.uy Ernesto Mordecki Universidad de la Rep´ublica Montevideo, Uruguay

  17. An Analysis of Chaining Protocols for Video-on-Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pâris, Jehan-François

    Informática y Ciencias de la Computación Universidad Católica del Uruguay 11600 Montevideo, Uruguay tschwarz

  18. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM VESTFONNA ICE CAP variability of net accumulation from shallow cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. We analyse ice cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard). Oxygen isoto- pic

  19. Haseltonia 14: 161169. 2008 161 1. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zürich, Universität

    species occur in cen- Abstract: The most recent treatments of the family Cactaceae for Uruguay floccosa are new records for the flora of Uruguay. The occurrence of Epiphyllum phyllanthus in Uruguay could not be confirmed. Resumen: Los tratamientos mas recientes de la familia Cactaceae para Uruguay son

  20. Facultad de Ingenieria Universidad de la Republica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enfoque en Riesgo Cambiario Crediticio en el Uruguay Andr´es Sosa Agosto 2011 Montevideo - Uruguay #12´on del riesgo cambiario crediticio en el Uruguay. La profundidad del mercado de opciones sobre divisas aplicar en algunos casos. Al no existir un mercado de opciones desarrollado en el Uruguay, nos trasladamos

  1. research papers 388 doi:10.1107/S0907444912048664 Acta Cryst. (2013). D69, 388397

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Uruguay, b Unit of Protein Crystallography, Institut Pasteur de Montevideo, 11400 Montevideo, Uruguay, c Unit of Protein Biophysics, Institut Pasteur de Montevideo, 11400 Montevideo, Uruguay, d Department of Immunobiology, Universidad de la Republica, 11800 Montevideo, Uruguay, and e Department of Structural Biology

  2. Published: August 09, 2011 r 2011 American Chemical Society 7213 dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac201824z |Anal. Chem. 2011, 83, 72137220

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    Inmunología, Facultad de Química, Instituto de Higiene, Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay Zoo Parque Lecocq, Intendencia Municipal de Montevideo, Uruguay § Institut Pasteur de Montevideo, Uruguay ) Departamento de Inmunobiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la Republica, Montevideo, Uruguay

  3. ENTI Salerno 2009 -International Conference of Territorial Intelligence Territorial intelligence and culture of development -November, 4th -7th 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    DESARROLLO Y TRANSFORMACION EN URUGUAY. UNA FACULTAD DE DESARROLLO Y TRANSFORMACION EN URUGUAY. Propuesta de de la República: El caso de Minas, Lavalleja Adriana PE�A Diputada Nacional por Uruguay Desarrollo y Transformación en la Ciudad de Minas, Uruguay, tanto dentro del Programa de Actividades 2009

  4. Comparison of local knowledge about the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus Montagu, 1821) in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean: New

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simões-Lopes, Paulo César

    -970, Brazil e Proyecto Toninas - Yaqu-pacha Uruguay, Orinoco 2092, Punta del Diablo, Rocha, Uruguay f Programa interactions between the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and fisheries in Brazil and Uruguay. Between 2008 and 2011, we performed 88 interviews in Brazil (N ¼ 66) and Uruguay (N ¼ 22). Fuzzy logic was used

  5. 646 Journal of Natural Prcduct~ Vol. 50, NO.4, pp. 646-649,J~l-Aug1987

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudlicky, Tomas

    , FRANCISCO UMPIERREZ,ULIANRADESCA,RAMON TUBIO, Facultad& Quimica,2124 Ami& GeneralFlwes, Montevideo, Uruguay

  6. School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment Postgraduate International Scholarship Opportunities 2014 / 15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    , Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina

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    Evans, Paul

    , Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina

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    America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Uruguay, Venezuela. Quarantine status Localized introductions

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    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, RB Vietnam Yemen, Rep. Zambia Zimbabwe #12;

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    Zonca, Fulvio

    /. The heating and current drive systems, Lower Hybrid Current Drive (LHCD, f=8Ghz), Electron Cyclotron 1 drive effects comparable to those of a conventional launcher have been achieved. The 140 GHz ECRH system has reached its nominal performances: 1.5MW. Effective electron and ion heating (via collisions) have

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    Suárez, Rafael; Santos, Guaciara M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    First Colonizers of Patagonia. In: Paleoamerican Origins:recordar, que en el sur de Patagonia (Chile) la cueva FellEarly Inhabitants of Patagonia. Geographical Re- ALBERDI,

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    Suárez, Rafael; Santos, Guaciara M.

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    Dirección Río Grande do Sul (Brasil). Comunicação Museu deNº 5. Río Grande do Sul (Brasil) A Formação Touro Passo, Seuen la Frontera UrUgUay-Brasil Rafael Suárez1 y Guaciara m.

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    Suárez, Rafael; Santos, Guaciara M.

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    un promedio de 15,3 artefac- tos por sitio; si tenemos en0.25 cm para los sedimen- tos areno-limosos. Los resultadospor artefactos líticos. tos líticos destacándose puntas

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    Rep´ublica, Rivera 1350, 50000, Salto, Uruguay. Telephone number: 598 47334816 ext. 105. E Rep´ublica, Igu´a 4225, 11400, Montevideo, Uruguay. Telephone number: 598 2525 2522, E-mail: mordecki

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    PREPUBLICACIONES DE MATEM ´ATICA Facultad de Ingenier´ia Universidad de la Rep´ublica, Uruguay Both authors: Instituto de Matem´atica, Universidad de la Rep´ublica, Montevideo, Uruguay, eleonora

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    : Centro de Matem' atica, Facultad de Ciencias, Eduardo Acevedo 1139, 11200 Montevideo, Uruguay E) in 1996, IMPA (R'io de Janeiro, Brasil) in 1997 and Montevideo (Uruguay) in 1998. My aim is to present

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    at its separation Domestic mine production of rare earths Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade plant at Mountain Pass, CA. Rhône-Poulenc increased in 1994. The domestic economy Negotiation. The GATT Uruguay

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    Orr/Princeton Dates 1989.MAR.13 ­ 1989.APR.19 Ship R/V MELVILLE Ports of call Montevideo, Uruguay 4 Montevideo, Uruguay to Bridgetown, Barbados 13 March - 19 April 1989 Stations 309 - 379 The upper

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    Ingenier'ia. Universidad de la Rep'ublica C.C. 30, Montevideo, Uruguay E­mail: roma@fing.edu.uy; Fax: (598 Partially supported by CONICYT (Uruguay). 1 #12; Running head: Anosov maps with rectangular holes Address

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    .3 306.6 1.083.2 494.6 277.9 Suriname Suriname Uruguay 2.654.2 710.8 1,602.9 1.639.1 1.058.9 Uruguay 4

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    ), and more recently, in Uruguay (1980), Argentina (1985), Brazil (1988), and South Africa (1994 and Australia, the main host is Pinus radiata, a tree native to California. In Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay

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    , Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile (Cabrera and Yepes 1940, Cabrera 1961). Five subspecies in northern Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and southern Brazil, and M. c. popelairi in Bolivia (Osgood

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    Crosa Publicado por DIRAC ­ Facultad de Ciencias Iguá 4225 casi Mataojo ­ Montevideo 11400 ­ Uruguay Tel Gral. San Martín 2437 ­ Montevideo 11800 ­ Uruguay Tel. (598) 2208 7819 E-mail: zonalibro

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    Duffy, David Cameron

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    ´ia, Universidad de la Rep´ublica Montevideo, Uruguay Javier Pereira Facultad de Ingenier´ia, Universidad de la Rep´ublica Montevideo, Uruguay javierp@fing.edu.uy Santiago P´erez Facultad de Ingenier´ia, Universidad de la Rep´ublica Montevideo, Uruguay Pablo Belzarena Facultad de Ingenier´ia, Universidad de la Rep´ublica Montevideo, Uruguay

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    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    allá. He aquí una proposición simple para empezar2 . Depuis la fin du XIXème , l'histoire de l'Uruguay est celle d'incessants allers/retours. Entre 1830 et 19003 , les pays du Río de la Plata, et l'Uruguay nacimiento del Uruguay moderno en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, Red Académica Avanzada del Uruguay RAU2

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    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Analyse morphométrique des abeilles d'Uruguay Quinze échantillons d'abeilles provenant d'Uruguay venant d'Uruguay, d'Europe et d'Afri- que, montre une similitude étroite entre l'abeille ibérique (Apis mellifera iberica) et les échantillons d'Uruguay. L'autre, basé sur la méthode de Daly et Balling (1978) et

  8. Maria Elena Diaz Barriga Rodriguez me.diazb@gmail.com / md2936@caa.columbia.edu

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    -feasibility study of a Waste to Energy plant in Uruguay. A division of the government of Uruguay hired the EEC to do a pre-feasibility study of a WTE plant in Montevideo, the capital city of Uruguay. I helped throughout the whole study but

  9. Attempts to undermine tobacco control: tobacco industry "youth smoking prevention" programs to undermine meaningful tobacco control in Latin America.

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    Sebrié, Ernesto M; Glantz, Stanton A

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was high (e.g. , 95.5% in Uruguay, 92.7% in Mexico, 91.9% in26.5% in Monte- video, Uruguay, in 2001; and 25.3% in BuenosExcept for Brazil and Uruguay, tobacco control legislation

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    Ernesto M Sebrie; Stanton A Glantz

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was high (e.g. , 95.5% in Uruguay, 92.7% in Mexico, 91.9% in26.5% in Monte- video, Uruguay, in 2001; and 25.3% in BuenosExcept for Brazil and Uruguay, tobacco control legislation

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    produced livestock losses and reduced water levels on the Uruguay River, impact- ing hydroelectric normal, with eastern regions above normal and central and western region slightly below normal. Uruguay than normal in Uruguay. In contrast, cold air advection in September affected the eastern part

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    . Some countries (Ecua- dor, Guatemala, and Uruguay) require foreign fishermen to appoint a local agent coun- tries to regulate foreign fishermen. Some countries have more complex systems. Uruguay are based in Guyanese ports 4. Other countries (Ecuador', EI Salva- dor, and Uruguay) have created special

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    ) inhabiting the estuarine waters of the Río de la Plata (Argen tina-Uruguay) was studied by using histological, Argentina-Uruguay Gustavo J. Macchi Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET as an order of Uruguay (Lasta and Acha, 1996). magnitude (DeMartini and Fountain, The reproductive biology

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    to Uruguay, and a second species, S. civitatium Gins- burg 1951, occurring in inshore areas along in nearshore, estuarine, and neritic waters throughout the Carib- bean southwards to Uruguay. Two new species Atlantic, from North Carolina, U.S.A., to Uruguay (Gins- burg 1951, Menezes and Benvegnl1 1976, Munroe 1987

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    Shore, Richard A.

    was born and raised in Montevideo, Uruguay. I started to take mathematics seriously when I join the math Olympiads team of Uruguay, in 1994. I spent three years with the math Olympiads solving fun and elementary;ublica in Montevideo, Uruguay. There I had Paula Severi and Walter Ferrer as my advisers

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    Publicaciones Matem´aticas del Uruguay Volumen 12, A~no 2011 Editorial Board J. Rodriguez Hertz A. Treibich J.Vieitez #12;Publicaciones Matem´aticas del Uruguay Editorial board J. Rodriguez Hertz IMERL jana Uruguay, and founder of the IFUM, passed away while this volume was in print. We dedicate this volume

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    Kazhdan, Michael

    and Universidad de la Rep´ublica, Uruguay PABLO MUS ´E Universidad de la Rep´ublica, Uruguay ANTONI BUADES ENS), ENS-Cachan, France, mdelbra@fing.edu.uy; P. Mus´e, Universidad de la Rep´ublica, Montevideo, Uruguay

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    Puccinia psidii on Eucalyptus globulus in Uruguay N. Telecheaa , M. Rolfoa , T. A. Coutinhob * and M. J Agricultura y Pesca, Montevideo, Uruguay; and b Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Forestry severe damage to 1-year-old trees during a routine disease survey of Eucalyptus globulus in Uruguay

  19. Elementary Proofs on Optimal Stopping 1 Ernesto Mordecki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mordecki, Ernesto

    Universidad de la Rep'ublica, Facultad de Ciencias Centro de Matem'atica, Montevideo, Uruguay. Montevideo. Uruguay. e-mail: mordecki@cmat.edu.uy URL: http://www.cmat.edu.uy/"mordecki Fax: 598-2 522 06 53 11400. Montevideo. Uruguay. December 29, 2000 1 Introduction 1

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    Ship R/V MELVILLE Ports of call Cape Town, South Africa to Montevideo, Uruguay Number of stations 73 Cape Town, South Africa to Montevideo, Uruguay 23 January 1989 - 8 March 1989 Stations 236 through 308 1989 Cape Town, South Africa to Montevideo, Uruguay Data Report Prepared by: Oceanographic Data

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    Uruguay kozynski@ort.edu.uy Andrés Ferragut Universidad ORT Uruguay ferragut@ort.edu.uy Fernando Paganini Universidad ORT Uruguay paganini@ort.edu.uy ABSTRACT Dado el crecimiento de los sistemas peer-to-peer y en

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    República, Uruguay. Mentor: José A. Ferrari 1996 - 2000 Pre-doctoral Research Assistant, Physics Department, Engineering and Science Schools, Universidad de la República, Uruguay. Mentor: José A. Ferrari 1993 - 1998 Four-year BSc (Physics), Universidad de la República, Uruguay. Positions and Employment 2011

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    of citizen-created content during pulp-mills protest in Argentina and Uruguay Virginia Melián 4. "I think I, Brazil, Cuba and Uruguay. This issue's articles are based on the findings of recently published doctoral of the borders between Argentina and Uruguay. Maria Padrón Hernández discusses the concept of poverty

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    la Plata area, where it is caught by the commercial fleets of Argentina and Uruguay, although Argentina and Uruguay* Gustavo J. Macchi Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET the estuarine waters of the Río de la Plata (Argentina­Uruguay), was studied by using histological anal- ysis

  5. Elementary Proofs on Optimal Stopping 1 Ernesto Mordecki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Ciencias Centro de Matem#19;atica, Montevideo, Uruguay Postal Address: Facultad de Ciencias. Centro de Matem#19;atica. Igu#19;a 4225. CP 11400. Montevideo. Uruguay. e-mail: mordecki@cmat.edu.uy URL#19;a 4225. CP 11400. Montevideo. Uruguay. December 29, 2000 1 Introduction 1.1 Consider a model

  6. NETL F 451.1/1-1, Categorical Exclusion Designation Form

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    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Geophysical phenomena during an ionospheric modi®cation experiment at Tromsù, Norway N. F-9037, Tromsù, and The University Courses of Svalbard, Svalbard, Norway 3 EISCAT, N-9027 Ramfjùrdbotn, Norway Received: 13 October 1997 / Revised: 11 May 1998 / Accepted: 26 May 1998 Abstract. We present

  9. The Cryosphere, 3, 147154, 2009 www.the-cryosphere.net/3/147/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    of chemistry that has not been altered by melting and the ice cap has provided reli- able climatic in winter snow on Vestfonna ice cap, Nordaustlandet, Svalbard E. Beaudon1 and J. Moore1,2,3 1Arctic Centre water. Snow pits sampled at two summits of Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard), exhibit spa

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    Moore, John

    Ice cores from the relatively low-lying ice caps in Svalbard have not been widely exploitedIce cores from Svalbard­­useful archives of past climate and pollution history Elisabeth Isaksson a in climatic and environmental studies due to uncertainties about the effect of melt water percolation. However

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    Johnson, Alexander James

    2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Synaptophysin (Syp) is a major integral synaptic vesicle (SV) protein; there are 31 copies of Syp per vesicle, which totals up to 10% of the total SV protein content. Despite being the major SV protein, little is known ...

  12. Contractive piecewise continuous maps modeling networks of inhibitory neurons.

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    ´istica Rafael Laguardia (IMERL), Fac. Ingenier´ia. Universidad de la Rep´ublica. Uruguay. Corresponding author. Address: Herrera y Reissig 565. C.P. 11300. Montevideo. Uruguay. Tel-fax: +598-2711-0621. E-mail: eleonora@fing.edu.uy Centro de Matem´atica. Fac. de Ciencias. Universidad de la Rep´ublica. Uruguay. §Departamento de Biomatem

  13. Weak{contrast re ection/transmission coecients in a generally anisotropic background

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    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    media. Zillmer, Gajewski & Kashtan (1998) derived equations for the linearized P{P, SV{SV and SH{SH re

  14. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

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    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ireland Philippines India Croatia France Argentina Luxemb.S. Korea Domin. R. Jordan Croatia Latvia Morocco BrazilSlovenia Uruguay Mexico Croatia Brazil Domin. R. Cyprus

  15. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

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    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Tschechische Republik 11 7 Türkei 9 5 Turkmenien 3 3 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 7 Ukraine 22 16 Ungarn 1 Uruguay

  16. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

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    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    12 4 Turkmenien 1 1 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 5 Uganda 1 Ukraine 22 17 Ungarn 2 1 Uruguay 1 1 USA 6 4

  17. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

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    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Ukraine 24 18 Ungarn 4 2 Ungeklärt 1 Uruguay 1 1 USA 5 4 Usbekistan 2 Vereinigtes Königreich 4 3 Vietnam

  18. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

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    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Tschechische Republik 6 4 Tunesien 3 2 Türkei 17 4 Ukraine 22 16 Ungarn 3 1 Ungeklärt 1 Uruguay 1 1 USA 4 4

  19. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

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    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Tschechische Republik 9 7 Türkei 12 6 Turkmenien 3 3 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 7 Ukraine 19 15 Ungarn 1 Uruguay

  20. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Turkmenien 2 1 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 5 Ukraine 18 14 Ungarn 3 1 Uruguay 1 1 USA 4 2 Usbekistan 3 2

  1. A Transatlantic Dialogue: Argentina, Mexico, Spain, and the Literary Magazines that Bridged the Atlantic (1920-1930)

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    Fernandez, Vanessa

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    literarias entre España y la Argentina. Madrid: Instituto devanguardias literarias: Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay. Eds.revistas literarias argentinas (1893-1967). Buenos Aires: El

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    Alfredo Canelas

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Aug 21, 2014 ... Citation: Alfredo Canelas, Instituto de Estructuras y Transporte, Facultad de Ingenierí a, Universidad de la Rep ública, Montevideo, Uruguay.

  3. Latin American Studies at Stetson University is a multidisciplinary and experientially oriented program that develops students'

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    Miles, Will

    internships in countries including Guatemala, Peru, Mexico, Belize, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Ecuador.D., University of Minnesota; carbon footprints and accounting, renewable energy systems and policy, sustainable

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    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    de Argentina, Cuba, Colombia, Chile (exilio), EE.UU., Guatemala, Uruguay (exilio) y Venezuela. De todos los temas tratados, se enfatizo principalmente la "Profesionalizacin en...

  5. al faenamiento sobre: Topics by E-print Network

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    de Argentina, Cuba, Colombia, Chile (exilio), EE.UU., Guatemala, Uruguay (exilio) y Venezuela. De todos los temas tratados, se enfatizo principalmente la "Profesionalizacin en...

  6. al destete sobre: Topics by E-print Network

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    de Argentina, Cuba, Colombia, Chile (exilio), EE.UU., Guatemala, Uruguay (exilio) y Venezuela. De todos los temas tratados, se enfatizo principalmente la "Profesionalizacin en...

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    Kristoffersen, Yngve

    . Remaining challenges - power supplied by batteries charged by solar panels and wind mill has proven & electronics battery solar panels Field tests Results Deployment on the ice north of Svalbard Test locations

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    Martin, Jeff

    Ri Vychegda R U S S I AC A N A D A U.K.IRE. ICELAND NORWAY SWEDEN FINLAND LATVIA LITH. BELARUS UKRAINE POLAND DENMARK GERMANY EST. KAZ. JAPAN (DENMARK) Greenland (NORWAY) Svalbard (NORWAY) (NORWAY) CHINA UNITED

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    DE-FE0013531 Goal The goal of this project is to study the biogeochemical response of the gas hydrate system on the Svalbard margin to environmental change. Performer Oregon State...

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    &SV) Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle (SUGV) Unattended Ground Sensor (UGS) MULE & Armed Robotic Vehicle

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    Ingenier'ia. Universidad de la Rep'ublica C.C. 30, Montevideo, Uruguay E­mail: roma@fing.edu.uy; Fax: (598 Partially supported by CONICYT (Uruguay). 1 #12; 1 Introduction Let T : M 0 ! M 0 be a topologically

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    ), Brazil 5:00 PM 2 SUN At Sea 3 MON Punta Del Este, Uruguay 10:00 AM 7:30 PM 4 TUES Buenos Aires, Argentina 9:30 AM 11:30 PM 5 WED Montevideo, Uruguay 12:30 AM 8:00 PM 6 THUR At Sea 7 FRI At Sea 8 SAT Sao

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    de Agosto a 1º de Septiembre de 2011 Montevideo, Uruguay Este art´iculo es una reproducci´on del de Ingenier´ia, Instituto de Ingenier´ia El´ectrica, UdelaR Montevideo, Uruguay haldos

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    ´ia, Universidad de la Rep´ublica, Uruguay. E-mails: eleonora@fing.edu.uy, cermi- nar@fing.edu.uy, enrich@fing.edu.uy. Address: Julio Herrera y Reissig 565. Montevideo. Uruguay. 1 Preprint PREMAT http

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    expansivos, temas en los cuales Lewowicz hizo escuela. En el área de Sistemas Dinámicos, el Uruguay fue Uruguay. No voy a hacer aquí una lista ni ennumeración de sus trabajos. Sí voy a decir que #12;todos sus

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    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    such as the Brazilian Northeast, Amazonia, South of Brazil and Uruguay. Over 80% of Brazil's energy comes from America. More than 80% of Brazil's energy is provided from hydropower generation. Decisions relating, South of Brazil, Uruguay and northeastern Argentina. Sea surface temperature (SST) positive anoma- lies

  17. ISSN 0001-4338, Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 2006, Vol. 42, No. 2, pp. 215227. Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text M.V. Makarova, A.V. Poberovskii, S.V. Yagovkina, I.L. Karol', V.E. Lagun, N.N. Paramonova, A.I. Reshetni

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    in the prediction of pos- sible climate changes is a correct consideration of the spatiotemporal variability in the atmosphere over northwestern Russia. The study was based on analysis of measurement results [2­4], air to examine changes in TM and atmospheric methane concentra- tions at a qualitatively new level [1, 6

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    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    of incidence. Vavrycuk and Psenc´ik (1998), Zillmer et al. (1998), and Psenc´ik and Vavrycuk (1998) consider- tion coefficient; Zillmer et al. (1998) develop the equations for the linearized P­P, SV­SV, and SH

  19. September 2004 Standards Forum and Standards Actions

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Wayne A. Richardson (fills TSM slot for SR-tritium) Savannah River SiteNNSA Office of the Manager, SV Building 235-H, Mail Stop SV Aiken, SC 29802 Phone:...

  20. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dom. Rep. Dom. Rep. Dom. Rep. Kazakhstan Dom. Rep. Czech RepRussia Russia Russia Russia Kazakhstan Dom. Rep. Costa RicaBB- Ba3 Uruguay BBB- Kazakhstan B+ Ba3 Venezuela B Korea Rep

  1. International Credentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    Lithuania* 71 Uganda 110 Cuba 33 Malaysia 72 Ukraine 111 Cyprus* 34 Mexico 73 United Arab Emirates 112 Czech Republic* 35 Mongolia 74 United Kingdom* 113 Dem. Republic of Congo 36 Morocco 75 Uruguay 114 Denmark* 37

  2. Presentada el da 16 de noviembre de 2009 en la Universidad de La Repblica, UdelaR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a pesar de su distancia desde Uruguay, que es sin duda uno de los motores de la curiosidad e investigación de juzgar este trabajo. #12;#12;Índice general Indice de Contenidos 1 I INTRODUCCIÓN 5 0

  3. Whitened geographies and education inequalities in southern Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Andrew; Radcliffe, Sarah A.

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    to a European model of modernization and state building as a country “without Indians” (Mitnick 2004). As in Argentina and Uruguay, Chile viewed itself un-problematically as the inheritor of a whitened European ideal, whilst indigenous presence...

  4. Fine-mapping of the HNF1B multicancer locus identifies candidate variants that mediate endometrial cancer risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Jodie N.; O’Mara, Tracy A.; Batra, Jyotsna; Cheng, Timothy; Lose, Felicity A.; Dennis, Joe; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan P.; Ahmed, Shahana; Ferguson, Kaltin; Healey, Catherine S.; Kaufmann, Susanne; Hillman, Kristine M.; Walpole, Carina; Moya, Carina; Pollock, Pamela; Jones, Angela; Howarth, Kimberley; Martin, Lynn; Gorman, Maggie; Hodgson, Shirley; National Study of Endometrial Cancer Genetics Group (NSECG); CHIBCHA Consortium; de Polanco, Ma. Magdalena Echeverry; Sans, Monica; Carracedo, Angel; Castellvi-Bel, Sergi; Rojas-Martinez, Augusto; Santos, Erika; Teixeira, Manuel R.; Carvajal-Carmona, Luis; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Long, Jirong; Zheng, Wei; Xiang, Yong-Bing; The Australian National Endometrial Cancer Study Group (ANECS); Montgomery, Grant W.; Webb, Penelope M.; Scott, Rodney J.; McEvoy, Mark; Attia, John; Holliday, Elizabeth; Martin, Nicholas G.; Nyholt, Dale R.; Henders, Anjali K.; Fasching, Peter A.; Hein, Alexander; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Renner, Stefan P.; Dörk, Thilo; Hillemanns, Peter; Dürst, Matthias; Runnebaum, Ingo; Lambrechts, Diether; Coenegrachts, Lieve; Schrauwen, Stefanie; Amant, Frederic; Winterhoff, Boris; Dowdy, Sean C.; Goode, Ellen L.; Teoman, Attila; Salvesen, Helga B.; Trovik, Jone; Njolstad, Tormund S.; Werner, Henrica M. J.; Ashton, Katie; Proietto, Tony; Otton, Geoffrey; Tzortzatos, Gerasimos; Mints, Miriam; Tham, Emma; RENDOCAS; Hall, Per; Czene, Kamila; Liu, Jianjun; Li, Jingmei; Hopper, John L.; Southey, Melissa C.; Australian Ovarian Cancer Study (AOCS); Ekici, Arif B.; Ruebner, Matthias; Johnson, Nicola; Peto, Julian; Burwinkel, Barbara; Marme, Frederik; Brenner, Hermann; Dieffenbach, Aida K.; Meindl, Alfons; Brauch, Hiltrud; The GENICA Network; Lindblom, Annika; Depreeuw, Jeroen; Moisse, Matthieu; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Rudolph, Anja; Couch, Fergus J.; Olson, Janet E.; Giles, Graham G.; Bruinsma, Fiona; Cunningham, Julie M.; Fridley, Brooke L.; Børresen-Dale, Anne-Lise; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Cox, Angela; Swerdlow, Anthony J.; Orr, Nicholas; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin; Weber, Rachel Palmieri; Chen, Zhihua; Shah, Mitul; French, Juliet D.; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Dunning, Alison M.; Tomlinson, Ian; Easton, Douglas F.; Edwards, Stacey L.; Thompson, Deborah J.; Spurdle, Amanda B.

    2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    10. Department of Biological Anthropology, College of Humanities and Educational Sciences, University of the Republic, Magallanes, Montevideo, Uruguay 11. Grupo de Medicina Xenómica, Fundación Galega de Medicina Xenómica (SERGAS) and CIBERER...

  5. REVISION OF PALEOTROPICAL MEGALASTRUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    published in this series are treatments of the 18 species of Megalas- trum in Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay are coarse, whitish, septate, acicular, and antrorsely or patently strigose (Smith & Moran, 1987). After

  6. Abortion Rights in Latin America (NYT) 539 words

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    countries permit it for extreme circumstances, mostly when the mother's life is at risk, the fetus, Brazil, Venezuela, Uruguay and Argentina, and perhaps will be on the agenda after the presidential

  7. Water balance of Pin-Point and Flush-Flood irrigated rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roel Dellazoppa, Alvaro

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rice. (May 1996) Alvaro Roel Dellazoppa, Ingeniero Agronomo, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. James L. Heilman Appearance of red rice (Oryza Sativa) as the main weed problem in rice production has forced...

  8. Understanding Democratic Congruence: A Demand-Supply Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welzel, Christian; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Luxemb. Mexico G.B. El Salv. Malta Italy Peru NL SloveniaSlovenia Cyprus Italy Estonia Malta Uruguay Taiwan HungaryBrazil Domin. R. Cyprus Chile Malta Portugal Peru Venezuela

  9. Terry L. McCoy With Timothy McLendon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Príncipe, José Carlos

    of the economic, social, political, policy and legal developments in the past year that have shaped the business and Financial Performance Social Environment Political Environment Policy Environment Legal Environment II.......................................................................... 35 Argentina Brazil Chile Paraguay Uruguay III. OUTLOOK.......................................................................

  10. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 1 Brazil 18 Paraguay 1 Uruguay 1 Argentine 5 Chile 4 Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecua

  11. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Uruguay 1 Argentine 5 Chile 4 Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal

  12. Ref. No. [UMCES]CBL 01-0009 An Assessment of Seasonal Submerged Aquatic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boynton, Walter R.

    mesohaline region of the Patuxent River (SVBA, SV02) reduced the available light through the water column

  13. This essay has been reproduced from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarado, Alejandro Sánchez

    that the efficiency-enhancing sequence from SV40 was either increasing the frequency with which the exogenous DNA

  14. ECE639 Spring 2014 List of References 1. J. Kurose and K. Ross, Computer Networking: A Top Down Approach Using the Internet, Addison-Wesley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Nirwan

    , Prentice Hall, 1999. 28. S.V. Ahamed and V.B. Lawrence, Intelligent Broadband Multimedia Networks, Kluwer

  15. Spectral imaging of proton aurora and twilight at Troms, Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lummerzheim, Dirk

    Spectral imaging of proton aurora and twilight at Tromsø, Norway M. Galand,1 J. Baumgardner,1 D, which offers a unique opportunity to investigate the Ha to Hb Balmer decrement in proton aurora locations (Tromsø, Poker Flat, Svalbard) in proton aurora is presented. Lummerzheim and Galand [2001] find

  16. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2005 Geological Society of America 1033

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingólfsson, Ólafur

    -long Norwegian shelf from the North Sea (57°N) to Svalbard (80°N) has revealed a dynamic ice-flow pattern along the Norwegian Channel Ice Stream and Bear Island Trough Ice Stream, each 150­200 km wide at the mouth. The onset of MSGL and, hence, fast ice flow is gener- ally close to the outer coast, at the border zone

  17. Lomonosovfonna and Holtedahlfonna ice cores reveal eastwest disparities of the Spitsbergen environment since AD 1700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    and the northernmost Norwegian coast. The location of Svalbard, at the southern edge of the permanent sea-ice coverLomonosovfonna and Holtedahlfonna ice cores reveal east­west disparities of the Spitsbergen and Atmospheric Research Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands 6 Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram

  18. Ann. Geophys., 25, 23932403, 2007 www.ann-geophys.net/25/2393/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2007 Annales Geophysicae Electromagnetic energy deposition rate in the polar upper thermosphere derived from the EISCAT Svalbard radar and CUTLASS Finland radar observations H. Fujiwara1, R. Kataoka2, M, Kyoto, Japan 4Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan 5The University

  19. Meridian-scanning photometer, coherent HF radar, and magnetometer observations of the cusp: a case study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the transport of mass, energy, and momentum from the solar wind into the near-Earth environment, is facilitated with the CUTLASS Finland coherent HF radar, a meridian-scanning photometer located at Ny AÃ? lesund, Svalbard on the scale of minutes, and which are believed to be related to the dynamic nature of energy and momentum

  20. 7, 62296254, 2007 PCB peaks in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of biomass burning emissions S. Eckhardt 1 , K. Breivik 1,2 , S. Manø 1 , and A. Stohl 1 1 Norwegian of secondary re-emissions on the atmospheric levels of POPs. In spring of 2006, biomass burning emissions from agricultural fires in Eastern Europe were transported to the Zeppelin station on Svalbard, where record

  1. Ion fractionation and percolation in ice cores with seasonal melting John C. Moore*, Aslak Grinsted **

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    and with the type of data that was expected to come from ice caps with seasonal melt. The objective of this paperIon fractionation and percolation in ice cores with seasonal melting John C. Moore*, Aslak Grinsted that suffer limited seasonal melting. We show that the impact in the case of at least one Svalbard ice core

  2. The bosonic Fock representation and a generalized Shale theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. L. Robinson

    2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We detail a new approach to the bosonic Fock representation of a complex Hilbert space V: our account places the bosonic Fock space S[V] between the symmetric algebra SV and its full antidual SV'; in addition to providing a context in which arbitrary (not necessarily restricted) real symplectic automorphisms of V are implemented, it offers simplified proofs of many standard results of the theory.

  3. The bosonic Fock representation and a generalized Shale theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, P L

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We detail a new approach to the bosonic Fock representation of a complex Hilbert space V: our account places the bosonic Fock space S[V] between the symmetric algebra SV and its full antidual SV'; in addition to providing a context in which arbitrary (not necessarily restricted) real symplectic automorphisms of V are implemented, it offers simplified proofs of many standard results of the theory.

  4. Chicane simulation in MARS Pavel Snopok

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    energy deposited [GeV/g/1ppp] Prompt dose [mSv/hr] Total energy deposited [GeV/g/1ppp] #12;Next steps

  5. Examination #1 CS 766: Computer Vision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Charles R.

    . = 1333231 232221 131211 Y X ppp ppp ppp s sv su (b) [1] How many degrees of freedom does this transformation

  6. CALTECH ASCI TECHNICAL REPORT 044 cit-asci-tr044

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DOE B-341494, W-7405-ENG-48, and 1-B-333164. #12;event traces, are maintained, the SvPablo library can

  7. Analysis of amplitude versus offset

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Xiaotao

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). Waves generated at a plane interface by an incident P-wave or S-wave. Reflection coefFicients versus angle of incidence for the gas sa, nd/shale model. P-P reflection coefFicients. SV-SV reflection coefiicients. P-P reflection coefficients of shale/gas... sand model. Curves from top to bottom correspond to oi ? 0. 4, 0. 3, 0. 2, 0. 1. SV-SV reflection coefflcients of shale/gas sand model. Curves froin bottoiu to top at normal incidence correspond to &r, = 0. 4, 0. 3, 0. 2, 0. 1. Error surface iii...

  8. United States Government National Nuclear Security Administration...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    United States Government National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Savannah River Field Office (SRFO) Memorandum DATE: January 10, 2014 REPLY TO ATTN OF: sv (McAlhany,...

  9. 2010 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - SRSO

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    f 1325 8 United States Government National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Savannah River Site Office (SRSO) Memorandum DATE: January 20, 2011 REPLY TO AITN OF: sv...

  10. Meeting Report--NASA Radiation Biomarker Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Straume, Tore

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    49.00 mSv as a result of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plantreactive protein (CRP) in Chernobyl radiation victims within

  11. Dr. N. Ansari1 ECE639 Spring 2011 List of References

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Nirwan

    and Broadband ISDN with Frame Relay and ATM, 4/e, Prentice Hall, 1999. 27. S.V. Ahamed and V.B. Lawrence

  12. Theory of Computing Hartmut Klauck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klauck, Hartmut

    (s,v) · The program has m variables and m+n inequalities/equations · By definition the maximum is a maximum flow #12

  13. aspergillus niger cbs: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hannah Appel S.V. Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellow Geosciences Websites Summary: Graeber. Radical History Review. Winter 2014 (118). 2013 Book Review: Red Tape: Bureaucracy,...

  14. aspergillus niger phytase: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hannah Appel S.V. Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellow Geosciences Websites Summary: Graeber. Radical History Review. Winter 2014 (118). 2013 Book Review: Red Tape: Bureaucracy,...

  15. appel aux technologies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hannah Appel S.V. Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellow Geosciences Websites Summary: Graeber. Radical History Review. Winter 2014 (118). 2013 Book Review: Red Tape: Bureaucracy,...

  16. antelope hippotragus niger: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hannah Appel S.V. Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellow Geosciences Websites Summary: Graeber. Radical History Review. Winter 2014 (118). 2013 Book Review: Red Tape: Bureaucracy,...

  17. Data:Ea97f2c6-eed8-4d03-bca5-b3ff0d8bbad3 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rate name: Security Lighting- (400W SV Directional Flood Lighting on existing 38 ft. steel Pole- Overheard Wiring) Sector: Lighting Description: This rate schedule is available...

  18. On simple modules for certain pointed Hopf algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pereira Lopez, Mariana

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    for Certain Pointed Hopf Algebras. (December 2006) Mariana Pereira Lopez, B.S., Universidad de la Rep? Uruguay; M.S., University of Massachusetts Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Sarah Witherspoon In 2003, Radford introduced a new method to construct simple.... Walter R. Ferrer from the Centro the Matem? at the Universidad de la Rep? Uruguay, for his advice that led me to pursue a Ph.D. in mathematics and for his constant support ever since. My gratitude to the Centro de Matem? and Facultad de Ciencias...

  19. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 96, No. 5, pp. 18271835, October 2006, doi: 10.1785/0120050260 Deconvolution of Three-Component Teleseismic P Waves Using the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nowack, Robert L.

    , doi: 10.1785/0120050260 Deconvolution of Three-Component Teleseismic P Waves Using the Autocorrelation of the P to SV Scattered Waves by Saptarshi Dasgupta and Robert L. Nowack Abstract The deconvolution of three-component teleseismic P waves is investi- gated using the autocorrelation of the P to SV scattered

  20. Circulation on the central Bering Sea shelf, July 2008 to July 2010 S. Danielson,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jinlun

    northward transport through Bering Strait of $0.8 Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 sÃ?1 ) [Roach et al., 1995; Woodgate et and Arctic oceans [Stigebrandt, 1984; Overland and Roach, 1987; Aagaard et al., 2006; Woodgate et al., 2005b]. Measurements [Muench et al., 1988; Coachman, 1993] and models [Overland and Roach, 1987; Spaulding et al., 1987

  1. INTERANNUAL CHANGES IN THE BERING STRAIT FLUXES OF VOLUME, HEAT AND FRESHWATER BETWEEN 1991 AND 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Bering Strait throughflow is only ~ 0.8 Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 /s) [Roach et al., 1995], this nutrient [Paquette and Bourke, 1974] (Figure 1). One year of moored ADCP data [Roach et al., 1995] and four summer

  2. SEPTEMBER 1997 1903H A L L E T A L . 1997 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCartney, Michael S.

    slope (Speer and Zenk 1993); to the east, northward transport through the Hunter Channel has been detected (Speer et al. 1992). The combination of these inflows is estimated as 6.7 Sv (Sv 106 m3 s 1 ) (Speer and Zenk 1993). In the north AABW leaves the basin by two routes: eastward through the Romanche

  3. Shallow water modeling of Antarctic Bottom Water crossing the equator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choboter, Paul

    path is consistent with existing observations [DeMadron and Weatherly, 1994; Speer and Zenk, 1993 observed [Hall et al., 1997; Mercier and Speer, 1998; Rhein et al., 1995], the source and nature-Atlantic Ridge to the northeast of the basin is 1.22 ± 0.25 Sv [Mercier and Speer, 1998]. The remaining 3.6 Sv

  4. 1Cornell 4/05 Heavy TailsHeavy Tails and Financialand Financial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of financial time series Examples (exchange rate, Amazon) Multiplicative models for log-returns (GARCH, SV recurrence equations (GARCH) Stochastic volatility Time-reversibility Point process convergence Extremes: Formulate families of models that at least exhibit these key characteristics. (e.g., GARCH and SV) Linkage

  5. This is an author-deposited version published in: http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/ Eprints ID: 4361

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mailhes, Corinne

    Grondin D´epartement d'A´erodynamique, ´Energ´etique et Propulsion Institut Sup´erieur de l field is continuous over the entire SV, therefore internal faces are not Riemann problems. This property reduces the fluxes computation cost and contains the limiters problems to the SV interfaces. The flux

  6. Two Catalyst Formulations ? One Solution for NOx After-treatment...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DOC and SCR at SwRI on 8.8L engine Evaluation point Engine speed 1min Torque, ft-lbf Turbo Out Temperature, o C Exhaust Flow, kghr SV DOC, 1hr SV SCR, 1hr Average Engine Out...

  7. DOSES IN HUMAN ORGANS DUE TO ALPHA, BETA AND GAMMA RADIATIONS EMITTED BY THORON PROGENY IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    progeny than that of the radon progeny. It is interesting to note that after the lungs, where body. The DCF to other organs was obtained as 20 mSv WLM­1 , which is larger than the DCF for radon progeny, which was 13 mSv WLM­1 . This is a consequence of the longer half-life of the relevant thoron

  8. The Atmospheric General Circulation in Thermodynamical Coordinates JOAKIM KJELLSSON AND KRISTOFER DO O S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Döös, Kristofer

    that the cycle has a peak transport of 428 Sv (Sv [ 109 kg s21 ). The thermodynamic cycle encapsulates a globally. Introduction The atmospheric general circulation forms as a re- sponse to differential solar heating (solar heating and ocean heat fluxes) vary. El Ni~no­Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is one of the dominant

  9. New Mexico State University Department of Animal & Range Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    for 10th overall, while Veronica was 8th in reasons and 11th overall. The next contest is the AQHA World of the Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development to be held in Uruguay this fall. URC RESEARCH of algal biofuel co-proudct in a forage diet." ETC. Speedy recovery wishes to Howard Rose who underwent

  10. Reprod. Nutr. Dev. 46 (2006) 447460 447 c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    780, 12900, Montevideo, Uruguay c School of Animal Biology, The University of Western Australia, Crawley 6907, Australia Abstract ­ We investigated the physiological relationship between diet during condition, with low fat reserves, the food supply will be the main source of energy for colostrum synthesis

  11. A Dual Algorithm for the Short Term Power Production Planning with Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is satisfied by means of a system of power generator units and transmission lines. The systematic coordination which can be of different kinds, connected by a power transmission network. These need to be scheduled de Ingenier'ia, Montevideo, Uruguay 1 #12; 1 Introduction The demand of electric power in a country

  12. Global Potential of Energy Efficiency Standards and Labeling Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean Energy and Development for South Africa: BackgroundSouth Africa Texas Thailand WN Central WS Central Yixing IEA EnergySouth Africa Thailand United States Uruguay Venezuela IEA Indicators (McNeil 2003) INE Venezuela A-20 Appendix 3 – Unit Energy

  13. URBAN EXTENTS P a c i f i c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    URBAN EXTENTS Argentina Bolivia Chile Colombia Guyana Peru Paraguay Suriname Uruguay Venezuela Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project (GRUMP), Population Density Boundaries Note: National boundaries are derived from the population grids and thus may appear coarse. Urban

  14. COLOMBIA GUYANA VENEZUELA FR.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    PERU CHILE ARGENTINA PARAGUAY BOLIVIA COLOMBIA GUYANA SURINAME URUGUAY VENEZUELA FR. GUIANA POPULATION DENSITY, 2000 Population density measures the number of persons per square kilometer of land area the population grids and thus may appear coarse. Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection ´ 0 500 1,000 km

  15. Captulo 7. Climas Regionales Por A. B. Watkins, L. A. Vincent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    generalmente de manera clara por encima de la media en Canadá, Sudamérica, norte y sur de África, Islandia remarcablemente templado en la mayor parte de las regiones del norte de Europa. Por el contrario, una excepcional norte de Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay y el sur de Brasil, causando impactos severos en la agricultura y

  16. A Nominal Filter for Web Search Snippets: Using the Web to Identify Members of Latin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, William

    A Nominal Filter for Web Search Snippets: Using the Web to Identify Members of Latin America. This paper presents efforts aimed at using Natural Language Engineering (NLE) techniques to solve of three Latin American countries: Uruguay, Argentina and Colombia. An NLE system is under construction

  17. Grassland afforestation in Southern South America: Carbon sequestration potential & soil/water costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    on field measurements on existing plantations in the Pampas and Patagonia. Four situations were used for regional scaling-up: Patagonia "dry": Patagonia "wet": >500 mm/yr ­ Pines (data from & Jackson 2003) Argentina Brazil Chile Uruguay patagonia pampas campos afforestation foci 0 100 200 300 400

  18. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF A WASTE TO ENERGY PLANT FOR MONTEVIDEO; AND WASTE TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000 hours per year), that is, a total of 640,000 tons of solid wastes per year. Montevideo, in 20101 COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF A WASTE TO ENERGY PLANT FOR MONTEVIDEO; AND WASTE TO ENERGY IN SMALL-benefit analysis by the author of a waste to energy (WTE) plant in Montevideo, Uruguay; the second part

  19. 2010 Towers Watson. All rights reserved. What have you got in mind?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baia, Margarida

    and Towers Watson client use only. What do actuaries do? As well as communicating complex financial issues in an understandable way, actuaries: Apply their statistical, economic and mathematical expertise and knowledge · Chile · Colombia · Mexico · Uruguay NORTH AMERICA · Bermuda · Canada · United States Our 14

  20. SansText: Classifying Temporal Topic Dynamics of Twitter Cascades Without Tweet Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    as well as more general topics in a collection of more than 2 million tweets from multiple countries] model that leverages statistics about a partially revealed cascade to determine the class of events, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela, over the past

  1. 20 a 23 de Maio 2012 RIO DE JANEIRO -BRASIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    show that this level of integration is manageable thanks to the large installed hydro power capacity of the model used for long-term planning. The modelling used to calculate the optimal wind power IN ELECTRIC OPERATIONAL AND EXPANSION PLANNING MODELING AND SIMULATION OF THE POWER ENERGY SYSTEM OF URUGUAY

  2. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  3. The Belief-Function Approach to Aggregating Audit Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Rajendra P.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are complete (CC) (Leslie, Aldersley, Cockburn, and Reiter 1986). Similarly, valuation objective of accounts receivable is met when cash receipts are properly valued (CV) and sales are properly valued (SV). Thus, in our example, we are interested... in the following set of variables: X = {AR, E, V, CC, CV, SO, SV}. Figure 1 here As the first step in drawing the evidential network, we represent the seven variables, AR, E, V, CC, CV, SO, and SV, as ellipses in Figure 1. Next, we connect the variables...

  4. Name of TMO ODSS1 ODSS2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joo, Su-Chong

    _TMO Window _TMO Light _TMOFan _TMO Air-Conditioner _TMO LAN Home Gateway Home Server _TMO Heater_TMO Camera_TMO Window _TMO Light _TMOFan _TMO Air-Conditioner _TMO RMMCRMMC OS+TM OSM OS+TM OSM Site1 OS+TM OSM Site2 OS_TM O ODS SpM SvM Window_TM O ODS SpM SvM Air_Condition er_TMO Air_Condition er_TMO ODS SvM Heater

  5. Data:D32b9210-612f-484b-888b-4eb9cb43e3da | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Divide El Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: STREET LIGHTING (Public)-400 W SV* Sector: Lighting Description: * As of Dec. 31, 1999, new mercury vapor...

  6. RecA Protein Plays a Role in the Chemotactic Response and Chemoreceptor Clustering of Salmonella enterica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayola, Albert

    The RecA protein is the main bacterial recombinase and the activator of the SOS system. In Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica sv. Typhimurium, RecA is also essential for swarming, a flagellar-driven surface translocation ...

  7. Experience curves for power plant emission control technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Edward S.; Yeh, Sonia; Hounshell, David A; Taylor, Margaret R

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S.V. (1978) ‘Economic evaluation techniques, results, andMoser, R.E. (1986) ‘Economic evaluation of twenty-four FGD1990 update of FGD economic evaluations’, Proceeding of SO 2

  8. Light Source Notes | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Huang, K. Harkay, J. Lewellen, S.V. Milton, and V. Sajaev LS-302 Eddy-Current-Induced Multipole Field Calculations Nicholas Sereno,Suk Hong Kim LS-301 Analysis of Short-Bunch...

  9. Executive Summary .........................................................................................................3 Introduction .....................................................................................................................

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    located close to the city of Kalundborg; the coal fired power plant Asnæsværket and the Statoil refinery...........................................................................22 Reservoir simulation ..........................................................................................................................38 CO2 capture plant

  10. QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATES ON THE ENHANCED BINDING FOR THE PAULIFIERZ OPERATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , HELMUT LINDE, AND SEMJON VUGALTER Abstract. For a quantum particle interacting with a shortâ??�a Universidad Catâ??olica (HL), and the DFG grant WE 1964/2 (SV). 1 #12; 2 JEAN­MARIE BARBAROUX, HELMUT LINDE

  11. ATF User Meeting April 2-3, 2009

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    * S.V. Shchelkunov, T.C. Marshall, J.L. Hirshfield, C-B. Wang, and M.A. LaPointe, AIP Conference Proceedings 877: 12 th Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop, p. 880, eds: M....

  12. An evaluation of theories concerning the health effects of low-dose radiation exposures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Elizabeth J. (Elizabeth Jay)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The danger of high, acute doses of radiation is well documented, but the effects of low-dose radiation below 100 mSv is still heavily debated. Four theories concerning the effects of lowdose radiation are presented here: ...

  13. Deep-Sea Research I 49 (2002) 20352051 Acoustic backscatter measurements with a 153 kHz ADCP in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Biggs, 1999; Wade and Heywood, 2001), and it has been documented that volume backscattering strength (Sv., 1998; Zimmerman and Biggs, 1999; Wormuth et al., 2000). Yet a question remains: which organisms

  14. Subantarctic Mode Water formation : air-sea fluxes and cross-frontal exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holte, James

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    found that Ekman transport of cold and fresh water from thetransports of nearly 30 Sv approximately counterbalance in the surface layer. Coldcold or warm core rings or as deviations from a long- term mean, have been shown to transport

  15. Combining Representations from Manufacturing, Machine Planning, and Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    -time controller. The controller uses four matrices: Fv and Sv describe ordering constraints between plan by allowing limited production capacity Inputs to Control System Researchers studying issues in intelligentCombining Representations from Manufacturing, Machine Planning, and Manufacturing Resource Planning

  16. Off-axis electron holography of exchange-biased CoFeFeMn patterned nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    structures, which consist of two ferromagnetic FM layers separated by a thin metallic or insulating spacer mechanisms in SV structures.8­11 With the recent trend toward reduced device dimensions

  17. Pt-free, Perovskite-based Lean NOx Trap Catalysts

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    SV50,000 h -1 , ramp rate 10 Cmin, catalyst degreened at 700 o C for 2.5 hrs Absorption Desorption 2010 DEER Conference -20 80 180 280 380 480 580 680 780 2000 2050 2100...

  18. The role of the innate immune system in cancer immunoediting and rejection [electronic resource] /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Sullivan, Timothy Edward

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 2.1 shows NKG2D tetramer staining of 39 129/Sv-strainheterogeneity in NKG2D tetramer staining seen in uneditedthe heterogeneous NKG2D tetramer staining could be explained

  19. Structural Studies of the Parainfluenza Virus 5 Hemagglutinin-Neuraminidase Tetramer in Complex with Its Receptor, Sialyllactose

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuan, Ping; Thompson, Thomas B.; Wurzburg, Beth A.; Paterson, Reay G.; Lamb, Robert A.; Jardetzky, Theodore S. (NWU)

    2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) functions in virus attachment to cells, cleavage of sialic acid from oligosaccharides, and stimulating membrane fusion during virus entry into cells. The structural basis for these diverse functions remains to be fully understood. We report the crystal structures of the parainfluenza virus 5 (SV5) HN and its complexes with sialic acid, the inhibitor DANA, and the receptor sialyllactose. SV5 HN shares common structural features with HN of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and human parainfluenza 3 (HPIV3), but unlike the previously determined HN structures, the SV5 HN forms a tetramer in solution, which is thought to be the physiological oligomer. The sialyllactose complex reveals intact receptor within the active site, but no major conformational changes in the protein. The SV5 HN structures do not support previously proposed models for HN action in membrane fusion and suggest alternative mechanisms by which HN may promote virus entry into cells.

  20. An evaluation of gender-based weighting factors for internal dosimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiars, Joanna Hamilton

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . S. population of 10, 000 people exposed to 1 Sv of acute radiation for all age groups, projection models, and sex (Land and Sinclair 1991). Model: Sex: Oesophagus Stomach Colon Lung Breast Ovary Bladder Leukemia Remainder Additive... weighting factors. Page 13 The projected excess mortality from radiation-induced cancer to a U. S. population of 10, 000 people exposed to 1 Sv of acute radiation for all age groups, projection models, and sex. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Percentage...

  1. Metal-insulator transition in silicon MOSFETs: new viewpoint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fominov, Yakov

    .T. Dolgopolov, PRB 33, 1076 (1986). / =-kT/EF C(n s) G. Zala, B. Narozhny, I.L. Aleiner PRB 64.A. Shashkin, S.V. Kravchenko, V.T. Dolgopolov, and T.M. Klapwijk, PRB, 66, 073303 (2002) (T)/=1-AkT, gm = ?2ns in a metallic 2D electron system. A.A. Shashkin, S.V. Kravchenko, V.T. Dolgopolov, and T.M. Klapwijk, PRB, 66

  2. 1MaPhySto Workshop 9/04 Nonlinear Time Series ModelingNonlinear Time Series Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . "Stylized facts" concerning financial time series 4. ARCH and GARCH models 5. Forecasting with GARCH 6 of multivariate RV equivalence 8.5 examples 8.6 Extremes for GARCH and SV models 8.7 Summary of results for ACF of GARCH & SV models #12;4MaPhySto Workshop 9/04 Part III: Nonlinear and NonGaussian State-Space Models 1

  3. ENERGIA E`OLICA La font d'energia amb el creixement mes gran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batiste, Oriol

    .lada: 48.000 MW Web World Wind energy Association http://www.wwindea.org Web Associaci´o danesa de la ind = 1 2 mv2 Pot`encia P = dEk dt = 1 2 dm dt v2 dm dt = Sv P = 1 2 Sv3 #12;RECURSOS EOLICS 1-2% de l L'ENERGIA E`OLICA #12;MERCAT PER FABRICANTS #12;PARCS E`OLICS MARINS #12;

  4. Occupational radiation exposure at commercial nuclear power reactors and other facilities 1994. Twenty-seventh annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, M.L.; Hagemeyer, D. [Science Applications International Corporation, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the occupational exposure data that are maintained in the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC) Radiation Exposure Information and Reporting System (REIRS). Annual reports for 1994 were received from a total of 303 NRC licensees, of which 109 were operators of nuclear power reactors in commercial operation. Compilations of the reports submitted by the 303 licensees indicated that 152,028 individuals were monitored, 79,780 of whom received a measurable dose. The collective dose incurred by these individuals was 24,740 person-cSv (person-rem){sup 2} which represents a 15% decrease from the 1993 value. The number of workers receiving a measurable dose also decreased, resulting in the average measurable dose of 0.31 cSv (rem) for 1994. The average measurable dose is defined to be the total collective dose (TEDE) divided by the number of workers receiving a measurable dose. These figures have been adjusted to account for transient reactor workers. In 1994, the annual collective dose per reactor for light water reactor licensees (LWRs) was 198 person-cSv (person-rem). This represents a 18% decrease from the 1993 value of 242 person-cSv (person-rem). The annual collective dose per reactor for boiling water reactors (BWRs) was 327 person-cSv (person-rem) and, for pressurized water reactors (PWRs), it was 131 person-cSv (person-rem). Analyses of transient worker data indicate that 18,178 individuals completed work assignments at two or more licensees during the monitoring year. The dose distributions are adjusted each year to account for the duplicate reporting of transient workers by multiple licensees. In 1994, the average measurable dose calculated from reported data was 0.28 cSv (rem). The corrected dose distribution resulted in an average measurable dose of 0.31 cSv (rem).

  5. The banana industry in Costa Rica: the effects of a single European market for bananas in 1992 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Mario

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) given the complexities of the different issues and the number of negotiations that have been carried on. Currently, the Uruguay Round is expected to conclude by April of 1992 gust in time for the creation of the Common Market by the end of 1992.... to promote collaboration and dialogue among exporting and importing countries. 6. to guarantee fair wages and prices for workers and consumers. Currently, "Europe 1992" seems to be a dominant issue confronting the banana market. In seeking to meet its...

  6. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 30/05/2013 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 17.46 Ukraine 50 16 41.98 United Arab Emirates 4 0 1.51 United Kingdom 198 33 109.25 United 104 19 61.51 Syrian Arab Republic 1 0 0.26 Thailand 21 6 35.05 The Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia 5 Republic of Tanzania 13 3 6.28 United States of America 453 68 155.60 Uruguay 9 3 3.95 Uzbekistan 10 1 13

  7. Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Fire Economics, Planning, and Policy: A Global View

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    Background South America is divided into 13 countries and has a total population of around 340 million people and civil society. Table 1 Basic data for South American countries COUNTRY Land area (km2 ) Population (`000,946 Peru 1,280,000 25,230 19.7 27.6 2,580 Suriname 156,000 415 2.7 48.4 415 Uruguay 174,810 3,313 19.0 8

  8. Was Brazil's recent growth acceleration the world's most overrated boom?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palma, Jose Gabriel

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    partial recovery having already run out of steam. And for those who consider TFP growth a more telling indicator of economic success, (despite the major problems associated with its concept and its measurement), Figure 5 shows that in LA... = Dominican Republic e = Ecuador; gt = Guatemala; mx = Mexico; pe = Peru; us = United States; ur = Uruguay; ve = Venezuela; and za = South Africa (za* = South Africa 1994-2011 — the ANC period). Unless otherwise stated, these acronyms will be used...

  9. The constitutive equations for an electrochemically polarizable medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benavidez, Alberto

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polarizable Mdiun. (Nay 1982) Alberto Benavidez, Eng. , University of the Republic (Uruguay) Chapman of Advisory Coamittee: Dr. Nichele Caputo The basic concept of the elec~etic parameters: conductivity a, permittivity s, and ~ility u, as intrinsic... Universities) for supporting my studies in the United States. IKDICATION To Carlos Alberto, with love. CHAP'IER I ? INTRODUCTION AND THE IllDUCED POLARIZATION EFFECZ. Page Introduction lhe IP Techniques Causes of Induced Polarization Induced...

  10. WellcomeHistoryISSUE 40 SPRING 2009 Feature article 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    WellcomeHistoryISSUE 40 SPRING 2009 Feature article 2 Child mortality in Uruguay oxFord uNit 5 Wor and the people reSearcH reSourceS 18 Broadmoor Hospital archive booK revieWS 20 caleNdar 24 #12;2 Manchester unit: Radcliffe Square in Oxford. Line engraving after James Gibbs. See pages 5­15 on the Oxford Wellcome Unit

  11. Dos comunicaciones.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dí az, Jorge

    1970-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uruguay): 1) La existencia del llamado "teatro independiente." Existen en estos países grupos semipro- fesionales que funcionan en locales propios de reducidos aforos (entre 80 y 180 butacas) y cuyos montajes tienen costos reducidos y gran rigor... artístico. En estos pequeños centros de experimentación teatral aparecen dramaturgos como Osvaldo Dragún, Carlos Gorostiza, Mauricio Rosencof, Jaime Silva, etc. 2) El interés creciente del público en apoyar una literatura dramática propia. Este público...

  12. Mieux nourrir le monde:Mieux nourrir le monde: notre dfi l'internationalnotre dfi l'international

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    Appui institutionnel au centre Ivoirien de recherches économiques et sociales (CIRES) (COTE D'IVOIRE COOP�RATION Amérique du Nord (�tats-Unis, Mexique) Amérique du Sud (Brésil, Nicaragua, Argentine, Uruguay, Mexique, Cuba, Haïti) Afrique (Sénégal, Rwanda, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Congo, Niger, Mozambique, Malawi

  13. Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 29, Number 1: Recent Publications, Materials Received and Current Bibliography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Montero [Cuba]. No. 6. Hijo del rigor. Alvaro Ahunchaín [Uruguay]. Cuadernos de Investigación Teatral. Caracas: CELCIT, Oct 1994. No. 42: "Teatro ecuatoriano (Orígenes hasta 1892)," Hernán Rodríguez Castelo (Ecuador). No. 43: "La renovación del.... New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1995. Torres, Freddy. Tierra firme; La casa del ches. Caracas: Editorial Solar, 1993. Tramoya 39, 42 (1994, 1995). 42 incluye el texto de La mujer sabia de Luisa Josefina Hernández con música y canciones de Rafael...

  14. The Arrival of the Electric Streetcar and the Conflict over Progress in Early 20th Century Montevideo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Anton B.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E. Landinelli, '50 aflos de movimiento obrero uruguayo', in Pablo Gonzalez Casanova, coordinator, Historia del movimiento obrero uruguayo (Mexico, 1984), pp. 251-329; Francisco R. Pintos, Historia del movimiento obrero del Uruguay (Montevideo, i960... in the major dailies over unsafe operating practices; full fares for children; motormen who committed the sin of smoking on duty; lubrication practices which resulted in the soiling of passengers' clothes; conductors' lack of attention to boarding passengers...

  15. `Home Away From Home:' Migrant Organizations and Transnational Politics Among Latin American Migrants in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freudenburg, Kevin Michael

    2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    , Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Portugal, and Uruguay. 3 Although the process of migration has never been... well be the catalyst for national political change, and at the very least may alter the political priorities of governments by focusing their energies abroad (Itzigsohn 2000). 19 In the case of Latin American migrants to Spain, their presence...

  16. Temperature driven transition from giant to tunneling magneto-resistance in Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}/Alq{sub 3}/Co spin Valve: Role of Verwey transition of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dey, P., E-mail: pujaiitkgp2007@gmail.com; Rawat, R.; Potdar, S. R.; Choudhary, R. J.; Banerjee, A. [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research (CSR), University Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452 001 (India)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate interface energy level engineering, exploiting the modification in energy band structure across Verwey transition temperature (T{sub V}) of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}, in a Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}(111)/Alq{sub 3}/Co spin-valve (SV). I-V characteristics exhibit a transition in conduction mode from carrier injection to tunneling across T{sub V} of Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} electrode. Both giant magneto-resistance (GMR) and tunneling MR (TMR) have been observed in a single SV, below and above T{sub V}, respectively. We have achieved room-temperature SV operation in our device. We believe that the tuning of charge gap at Fermi level across T{sub V} resulting in a corresponding tuning of conduction mode and a unique cross over from GMR to TMR.

  17. Electron thermal effect on linear and nonlinear coupled Shukla-Varma and convective cell modes in dust-contaminated magnetoplasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masood, W. [TPPD, PINSTECH, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan and National Center for Physics (NCP), Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Mirza, Arshad M. [Department of Physics, Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Linear and nonlinear properties of coupled Shukla-Varma (SV) and convective cell modes in the presence of electron thermal effects are studied in a nonuniform magnetoplasma composed of electrons, ions, and extremely massive and negatively charged immobile dust grains. In the linear case, the modified dispersion relation is given and, in the nonlinear case, stationary solutions of the nonlinear equations that govern the dynamics of coupled SV and convective cell modes are obtained. It is found that electrostatic dipolar and vortex street type solutions can appear in such a plasma. The relevance of the present investigation with regard to the Earth's mesosphere as well as in ionospheric plasmas is also pointed out.

  18. The investigation of spices by use of instrumental neutron activation analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wise, Jatara Rob

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    is the committed dose equivalent for ingestion, ALI N is the non-stochastic annual limit on intake for uranium (5E+05 Bq) based on 50 rems to the bone surfaces (ICRP 1979). The CEDE values were calculated using the following formula: nullnullnullnull null... for uranium (7E+05 Bq) based on 5 rems (ICRP 1979). Table 5 shows the CDE and CEDE values for uranium dose from spice ingestion. Table 5. Uranium dose. Sample Label CDE (mSv) CEDE (mSv) Oregano O 1 1.98E-05 1.41E-06 Paprika P 4 8.64E-06 6.17E-07 Sum...

  19. Measurement of photon correlations with multipixel photon counters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry Kalashnikov; Leonid A. Krivitsky

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of reliable photon number resolving detectors (PNRD), devices which are capable to distinguish 1,2,3.. photons, is of a great importance for quantum optics and its applications. A new class of affordable PNRD is based on multipixel photon counters (MPPC). Here we review results of experiments on using MPPCs for direct characterization of squeezed vacuum (SV) states, generated via parametric downconversion (PDC). We use MPPCs to measure the second order normalized intensity correlation function (g^(2)) and directly detect the two-mode squeezing of SV states. We also present a method of calibration of crosstalk probability in MPPCs based on g^(2) measurements of coherent states.

  20. Part 13, Authors: R To Rzoska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Judith M.; Ray, Doris H.; Hassall, Albert; Doss, Mildred A.

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wurmkran- ken Hunden und anderen Tieren Uruguay, v. 59 (5), Mayo, p..., London (3290), v. 130, Nov. 19, pp. 784- 785. [W*.] R., L.1 1935 a.?Tratamiento de la amibiasis intestinal

  1. U.S. Agriculture and International Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCorkle, Dean; Benson, Geoffrey A.; Marchant, Mary; Rosson, C. Parr

    1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    by high tariffs and nontariff barriers. International trade has a major impact on U.S. agriculture. Exports are crucial, providing a market for a major share of crop production and a growing share of meat output. In 1996, 28 percent of U.S. farm cash... upheavals in the countries of the for- mer Soviet Union will not end soon and this will be an impediment to economic growth and expanded trade. The most recent trade agreement under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the so-called Uruguay...

  2. Serological reactions with Brucella ovis and Actinobacillus seminis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrios Reyes, Graciela

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and serology, Saunders, ( 1968). 12. Casas Olascoaga, R. : Infectious epididymitis of sheep due to Brucella ovis. The first reported outbreak in Uruguay . An FFac Fet ((. rupee. r, 11 9, PP. 11-91, (1968). 40 13. Cedro, V. C. F. , Cisale, H. O. , de... Benedetti, L. M. E Diagnosis of ovine genital brucellosis caused by Brucella ovis. New laboratory methods. Revta. Investnes. Agrope. Ser. 4, (Patolamin) 2 fi, pp. 1-25, (1965). 14. Cedro, V. C. F. , Cisale, H. O. , de Benedetti, L. M. E Brucella ovis...

  3. Citizen Science on the Faroe Islands in Advance of an Eclipse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Geoff

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On 2015 March 20, a total solar eclipse will occur in the North Atlantic, with the Kingdom of Denmark's Faroe Islands and Norway's Svalbard archipelago (formerly Spitzbergen) being the only options for land-based observing. The region is known for wild, unpredictable, and often cloudy conditions, which potentially pose a serious threat for people hoping to view the spectacle. We report on a citizen-science, weather-monitoring project, based in the Faroe Islands, which was conducted in March 2014 - one year prior to the eclipse. The project aimed to promote awareness of the eclipse among the local communities, with the data collected providing a quantitative overview of typical weather conditions that may be expected in 2015. It also allows us to validate the usefulness of short-term weather forecasts, which may be used to increase the probability of observing the eclipse.

  4. Cusp/cleft auroral forms and activities in relation to ionospheric convection: Responses to specific changes in solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandholt, P.E. [Univ., of Oslo, Oslo (Norway)] [Univ., of Oslo, Oslo (Norway); Farrugia, C.J. [Univ. of Malta, Msida (Malta)] [Univ. of Malta, Msida (Malta); Stauning, P. [Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen (Denmark)] [Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen (Denmark); Crowley, S.W.H. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)] [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors describe in detail a four hour period on Dec 17, 1992, of cusp/cleft region observations, made in conjunction with the occurance of a transient auroral event. There was an IMF directional discontinuity where the fields changed from positive IMF B{sub y} (B{sub z}{much_lt}0) to large negative B{sub y} (B{sub z}>0) in conjunction with a change in convection direction in the cusp region. They present data from satellite observations, in addition to ground based data collected over an array of stations in Greenland and Svalbard. They view this as a first step toward an effort to correlate responses in the ionosphere to different solar wind and interplantetary magnetic field conditions. They analyze this data in terms of the array of different conditions which was exhibited in the ionosphere over this four hour period.

  5. Large-eddy simulation of swirling particle-laden flows in a coaxial-jet combustor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, Sourabh V.

    Large-eddy simulation of swirling particle-laden flows in a coaxial-jet combustor S.V. Apte a,* , K 2003 Abstract Large-eddy simulation (LES) of particle-laden, swirling flow in a coaxial-jet combustor;cyclone combustors, and biomass gasifiers (Lefebvre, 1989). The physics of such flows is extremely complex

  6. CONTROL ID: 1191197 TITLE: Mineral Magnetism of Dusty Olivine: A Credible Recorder of Pre-Accretionary Remanence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    : Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism (GP) CURRENT SESSION: GP10. Planetary and Meteorite Magnetism AUTHORS (FIRST-Accretionary Remanence PRESENTATION TYPE: Assigned by Committee (Oral or Poster) CURRENT SECTION/FOCUS GROUP/SV boundary is broadly consistent with theoretical predictions. A method to measure the volume of individual

  7. Volume 22 May 15, 2011 1739 Multiple mechanisms actively target the SUN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Starr, Daniel A.

    Volume 22 May 15, 2011 1739 Multiple mechanisms actively target the SUN protein UNC-84 to the inner by overlapping exten- sion; SUN, Sad1­UNC-84; SUN-NELS, SUN nuclear envelope localization signal; SV40, simian. The mechanisms underlying trafficking to the INM are poorly understood. The Caenorhabditis elegans SUN protein

  8. K- p BACKWARD ELASTIC SCATTERING BETWEEN 476 and 1084 MeV/c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, R.P.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the resulting decay A •*• pir", or from wide angle scatteredf o r decay to protons Air xV sV Aim E £°-*AY A -*• pir' I -> pir° A -* pir" o E -»• pir TT TT (o/AQM Figure 15. w xvw d

  9. A three-dimensional surface waveocean circulation coupled model and its initial testing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezer,Tal

    models is established based on Reynolds stresses and fluxes terms derived from surface wave to 0.93 with wave influence. The wave-induced Reynolds stress can reach up to about 5% of the wind stress in high latitudes, and drive 2­3 Sv transport in the global ocean in the form of mesoscale eddies

  10. Characterization of 3D surface topography in 5 axis milling Yann Quinsat1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    cylinder bores is partially characterized by oil consumption and blow-by. In this specific case, it is more significant to consider Sq, Sk, Svk, Sds, Sbi to describe oil consumption and Sv, Svi for blow-by [9 Cachan cedex ­ France fax: +33 1 47 40 22 20 name@lurpa.ens-cachan.fr 2 IUT de Cachan ­ Université Paris

  11. Characterization of 3D surface topography in 5 axis milling Yann Quinsat1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of automotive cylinder bores is partially characterized by oil consumption and blow-by. In this specific case, it is more significant to consider Sq, Sk, Svk,Sds,Sbi to describe oil consumption and Sv, Svi for blow-by [5 Cachan cedex ­ France 2 IUT de Cachan ­ Université Paris Sud 11 9 avenue de la Division Leclerc 94234

  12. Wind Farms in Regions Exposed to Tropical Cyclones Niels-Erik Clausen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Farms in Regions Exposed to Tropical Cyclones Niels-Erik Clausen1 , niels Energy A/S, A.C. Meyers Vænge 9, DK-2450 Copenhagen SV, Denmark, Phone +45 44 80 65 71 3 Tripod Wind 6001 Summary The present paper analyses the design basis of wind farms to be established in regions

  13. Hydrogen adsorption on Pd/TiFe (110) surface S.E. Kulkovaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jai Sam

    Hydrogen adsorption on Pd/TiFe (110) surface S.E. Kulkovaa , S.V. Eremeeva,b,*, V.E. Egorushkinc February 2003 by E.L. Ivchenko Abstract Adsorption of hydrogen on the TiFe (110) surface covered the local density approximation. Influence of palladium coating to adsorption properties of the TiFe (110

  14. On March 8, 2013, International Women's Day, OVDinfo.org reported 24 arrests at the demonstration "Feminism Is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    in police vans, the portal records. Moreover, those arrested have stated that they were beaten in transit IN RUSSIA By SvETlANA REITER 4 | harriman magazine THE #12;harriman magazine | 5 Demonstrators and security victory of the United Russia Party, made their way to the Griboyedov monument. I remember that day very

  15. Power Control and Capacity of Spread Spectrum Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tse, David

    Power Control and Capacity of Spread Spectrum Wireless Networks S.V. Hanly a;1 , and D.N. Tse b;2, there has been signif­ icant research in the area in recent years. While power control has been considered questions about optimal power control as well as the problem of charac­ terizing the resulting network

  16. Sustainability Management K4100 Section 001, Fall 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainability Management K4100 Section 001, Fall 2013 Time: Wednesdays 6:10-8:00 PM Professor@columbia.edu Sarah Volkman: e-mail: sv2372@columbia.edu Course Objectives: Sustainability management of sustainability management. This is not an academic course that reviews the literature of the field and discusses

  17. Dynamics of Singular Vectors in the Semi-Infinite Eady Model: Nonzero but Zero Mean PV Gradient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Vries, Hylke

    Dynamics of Singular Vectors in the Semi-Infinite Eady Model: Nonzero but Zero Mean PV Gradient H approach based on the potential vorticity (PV) perspective is used to compute the singular vector (SV. The basic-state buoyancy frequency and zonal wind profile are chosen such that the basic-state PV gradient

  18. somecalc.inc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    generators for Z/2 x Z/2 given by upper row *) (* want to choose a lift of e1,e2 .... 1 0 -alphabar 0 1 alpha then Tv = [1,-alpha, alpha] in the v,Sv, S^2 v basis where ...

  19. matutils.pas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... generators for Z/2 x Z/2 given by upper row *) (* want to choose a lift of e1,e2 .... 0 -alphabar 0 1 alpha then Tv = [1,-alpha, alpha] in the v,Sv, S^2 v basis where ...

  20. Robust Multi-Task Learning with t-Processes shipeng.yu@siemens.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tresp, Volker

    Robust Multi-Task Learning with t-Processes Shipeng Yu shipeng.yu@siemens.com CAD and Knowledge Solutions, Siemens Medical Solutions, Malvern, PA 19355, USA Volker Tresp volker.tresp@siemens.com Corporate Technology, Siemens AG, Munich 81730, Germany Kai Yu kyu@sv.nec-labs.com NEC Laboratories America, Cupertino

  1. Environmental Science and Engineering Entrance examination, 95.3.11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haimei

    radioactivity in the environment is thought to expose us to roughly 2.0 mSv/y. How many cancer deaths in TaiwanEnvironmental Science and Engineering Entrance examination, 95.3.11 1. Waste management includes treatment, storage and disposal, etc., please explain their definition and compare their differences

  2. CRICKET V2.0 NETWORKS AND MOBILE SYSTEMS GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ` TDb"S V d a Uf 6SV f"d d S V V y f"e b"S V U TVv` T&bd T6d ef &b"S@f g f"a US y e g e " g UT "©` h

  3. Judging Athenian Dramatic Competitions The judging procedure for Athenian dramatic contests is not well understood.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Willigenburg, Stephanie

    . For noise in the theatre generally, see Robert W. Wallace, `Poet, Public, and "Theatrocracy": Audience Performance in Classical Athens' in Lowell Edmunds and Robert W. Wallace, Poet, Public, and Performance of the comic poet Epicharmus. Hesychius, s.v. ° , evidently has no other so

  4. Fuel characteristics and theoretical performance of a fluidized bed combustor with manure as a fuel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Joon Hwa

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    =tm Fuel feed rate ( kg/s) Xi NOMENCLATURE (Continued) M no nv Qg (HL) Qq ( SHL) ge (VH) 4e (CH) R u RHOF RMONO OAF SV SC Tw To T~b Tm TD Total mass flow rate Order of reaction with oxygen Order of reaction with volatiles Heat loss...

  5. Using Super-Vector Coding for Image Classification and Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Qi

    .g. SIFT X1 X2 XN 128 N SIFTs ­ Bag-of-Word K-Means clusteringK dim Histogram K × N dim #12;Motivation derivative smooth K-Means (1) (2) #12;Descriptor Coding · Super-Vector (SV) coding #12;Descriptor Coding (2 #12;Experiments - Comparison of nonlinear coding methods |C| = 512 #12;Experiments - Comparison

  6. ASP Conference Series, Vol. **VOLUME***, **YEAR OF PUBLICATION** **NAMES OF EDITORS**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdyugina, Svetlana

    a temperature distribution de#12;ned by cool dark spots of 4000 K on the bright surface of 5750 K (Fig. 1A). We** Persistent active longitudes in sunspot activity: Sun-as-a-star approach S.V. Berdyugina Institute Abstract. Using a new Sun-as-a-star approach we analyze sunspot group data for the past 120 years

  7. PLANNING AND CONTROL OF PLANAR UNDERACTUATED MARINE VEHICLES SUBJECT TO LINEAR AND QUADRATIC DRAG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopoulos, Evangelos

    in hazardous environments: wheeled robots defuse mines, unmanned air vehicles take photographs of a battlefield), such as hovercrafts, surface and underwater vehicles are playing a crucial role in the exploitation of oceanic for underactuated MV, i.e., surface vessels (SV), autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV) and hovercrafts (HC

  8. On Transition Bias in Mitochondrial Genes of Pocket Gophers Xuhua Xia,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Xuhua

    On Transition Bias in Mitochondrial Genes of Pocket Gophers Xuhua Xia,1 Mark S. Hafner,1,2 Philip D selection to transition bias has not been quan- titatively assessed in mitochondrial protein genes. The observed transition/transversion (s/v) ratio is ( s Ps)/( v Pv), where s and v denote mutation rate

  9. Bayesian analysis of GARCH and stochastic volatility: modeling leverage, jumps and heavy-tails for financial time series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolpert, Robert L

    Bayesian analysis of GARCH and stochastic volatility: modeling leverage, jumps and heavy for two broad major classes of varying volatility model, GARCH and stochastic volatility (SV) models-t errors yields the best performance among the competing models on the return data. Key words: GARCH, Heavy

  10. 1Flagstaff 6/06 Structural Break Detection for a ClassStructural Break Detection for a Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ? #12;5Flagstaff 6/06 Introduction Examples AR GARCH Stochastic volatility State space models Model Applications Simulation results for GARCH and SV models #12;6Flagstaff 6/06 Examples 1. Piecewise AR model;7Flagstaff 6/06 Examples (cont) 2. Segmented GARCH model: where 0 = 1

  11. 1Banff 6/06 Structural Break Detection in Time Series ModelsStructural Break Detection in Time Series Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    breaks in this series? #12;5Banff 6/06 Introduction Examples AR GARCH Stochastic volatility State space Simulation results Applications Simulation results for GARCH and SV models #12;6Banff 6/06 Examples 1 ),,( 1 jjpj K #12;7Banff 6/06 Examples (cont) 2. Segmented GARCH model: where 0 = 1

  12. 1INFORMS 10/04 RegularRegular Variation and Financial TimeVariation and Financial Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    financial time series IBM returns Multiplicative models for log-returns (GARCH, SV) Regular variation variation Stochastic recurrence equations (GARCH) Point process convergence Extremes and extremal index for volatility: (i) GARCH(p,q) process (General AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroscedastic

  13. 1SCRA 2006 FIM XIII-PORTUGAL Structural Break Detection for a ClassStructural Break Detection for a Class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1000 -4-202 Any breaks in this series? #12;5SCRA 2006 FIM XIII-PORTUGAL Introduction Examples AR GARCH for structural break estimation Simulation results Applications Simulation results for GARCH and SV models #12 (cont) 2. Segmented GARCH model: where 0 = 1

  14. 1NCAR-IMAGe 2006 Structural Break Detection in Time Series ModelsStructural Break Detection in Time Series Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -202 Any breaks in this series? #12;5NCAR-IMAGe 2006 Introduction Examples AR GARCH Stochastic volatility break estimation Simulation results Applications Simulation results for GARCH and SV models #12;6NCAR-tjptjptjjt tYYY jj GARCH model

  15. West Virginia University 1 Lane Department of Computer Science & Electrical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    ), Distributed multimedia systems · Hany Ammar - Ph.D. (University of Notre Dame) Risk assessment, Software and distributed systems · Muhammad Choudhry - Ph.D. (Purdue University) Graduate coordinator for CpE & EE. Power-Popstojanova - Ph.D. (University Sv. Kiril i Metodij) Software reliability engineering, Distributed systems

  16. WAVE GENERATIONS FROM CONFINED EXPLOSIONS IN ROCKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Sarah T.

    WAVE GENERATIONS FROM CONFINED EXPLOSIONS IN ROCKS C. L. Liu and Thomas J. Ahrens Seismological Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 In order to record P- and S-waves on the interactions between incident P- and SV-waves and free-surfaces of rocks. The relations between particle

  17. Competition on Software Verification University of Passau, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beyer, Dirk

    and Analysis of Systems (TACAS). 1 Introduction The area of verification, in particular model checking, has). Several new and powerful software-verification tools became available, but they have not been comparedCompetition on Software Verification (SV-COMP) Dirk Beyer University of Passau, Germany Abstract

  18. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 104,NO. Cll, PAGES 25,913-25,935,NOVEMBER 15, 1999 Overflow into the deep Caribbean: Effects of plume

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCready, Parker

    into the deep Caribbean: Effects of plume variability ParkerMacCready,1WilliamE.Johns,2ClaesG.Rooth,2DavidCaribbeanandtheAtlanticis overthe Jungfern-GrapplerSill complexat 1815m depth.Throughthesegapsflowsthesolesourceof waterforthedeepCaribbean Sv -- 106m3s-l) of Atlanticwatercolderthan0=-3.965øCflowingintothe Caribbean

  19. Deep-Sea Research I 49 (2002) 211243 On the Atlantic inflow to the Caribbean Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fratantoni, David

    Deep-Sea Research I 49 (2002) 211­243 On the Atlantic inflow to the Caribbean Sea William E. Johnsa description of the mean inflow distribution in the passages connecting the Atlantic Ocean with the Caribbean Sea. The total Caribbean inflow of 28 Sv is shown to be partitioned approximately equally between

  20. ON CONDITION MONITORING OF EXHAUST VALVES IN MARINE DIESEL ENGINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosegaard, Klaus

    ON CONDITION MONITORING OF EXHAUST VALVES IN MARINE DIESEL ENGINES T. L. Fog x L. K. Hansen z , J : Research & Development, MAN B&W Diesel A/S Teglholmsgade 41, DK­2450, Copenhagen SV, Denmark. E­mail: tof­invasive characterisation of ex­ haust valve conditions in large marine diesel engines, were exper­ imentally investigated

  1. FIRST ATTEMPTS AT PREDICTION OF DNA STRAND-BREAK YIELDS USING NANODOSIMETRIC DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an ion-cluster size distribution. This approach is the only one possible in case of unknown radiation data consist of ion-cluster size distributions [f(nion)], providing the absolute freq- uency of ion projectile particle. The SV can be approximated by a cylinder of 1.6 mm diam. (in 120 Pa propane gas) whose

  2. International Energy Conference, 19 -21 May 2003 Energy Technologies for post-Kyoto targets in the medium term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    capturecapture facilityfacility Water vapour FuelFuel 'refinery''refinery' Flue gas Increased oil recovery: CO2 EnergiE2Photo EnergiE2 PhotoPhoto EnergiEnergi E2E2 Statoil Kalundborg refinery Asnæsværket 1300 MW coal

  3. Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy Hg System Decommissioning Activities V.B. Graves NFMCC Friday Meeting Feb 29, 2008 #12;2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy NFMCC system from solenoid · Radiation measurement center of snout ~70 µSv #12;3 Managed by UT-Battelle

  4. Secular variation in Permian red beds from Dome de Barrot, Pauline P. Kruiver *, Mark J. Dekkers, Cor G. Langereis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    the presence of titanium in hematite grains, indicating the volcanic and thus detrital origin. Therefore is regarded either as a low- energy state of the geodynamo (e.g. [4^6]) or as a high-energy state of the geodynamo [7,8]. In the case of a low-energy state, the secular variation (SV) of the geomagnetic ¢eld

  5. An updated dose assessment for Rongelap Island

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have updated the radiological dose assessment for Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll using data generated from field trips to the atoll during 1986 through 1993. The data base used for this dose assessment is ten fold greater than that available for the 1982 assessment. Details of each data base are presented along with details about the methods used to calculate the dose from each exposure pathway. The doses are calculated for a resettlement date of January 1, 1995. The maximum annual effective dose is 0.26 mSv y{sup {minus}1} (26 mrem y{sup {minus}1}). The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 0.0059 Sv (0.59 rem), 0.0082 Sv (0.82 rem), and 0.0097 Sv (0.97 rem), respectively. More than 95% of these estimated doses are due to 137-Cesium ({sup 137}Cs). About 1.5% of the estimated dose is contributed by 90-Strontium ({sup 90}Sr), and about the same amount each by 239+240-Plutonium ({sup 239+240}PU), and 241-Americium ({sup 241}Am).

  6. SARS Coronavirus nsp1 Protein Induces Template-Dependent Endonucleolytic Cleavage of mRNAs: Viral mRNAs Are Resistant to nsp1-Induced RNA Cleavage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Replacing the rluc gene of pRL-SV40 (Promega) with the PCRA reporter plasmid, pRL-HL, carrying in the following order:previously [22,67]. The plasmids pRL-TMEV-FL, pRL-PV IRES-

  7. Page 1 of 2 Social Responsibility and Sustainability Implementation Plan 2011-12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swain, Peter

    SEAG Ops & CAP WGpD1.1 Identify & monitor progress / impact of invest to save projects Andrew Whitson D on BREEAM accreditations Graham Bell D1.3 Review potential for use of Low & Zero Carbon Technologies - CHP links to costs & carbon SV-P Nigel Brown Angus Currie SEAG Ops D2.1 Review estate against appropriate

  8. Assessment of inhalation and ingestion doses from exposure to radon gas using passive and active detecting techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, A. H.; Jafaar, M. S. [Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang (Malaysia)

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this study was to assess an environmental hazard of radon exhalation rate from the samples of soil and drinking water in selected locations in Iraqi Kurdistan, passive (CR-39NTDs) and active (RAD7) detecting techniques has been employed. Long and short term measurements of emitted radon concentrations were estimated for 124 houses. High and lower radon concentration in soil samples was in the cities of Hajyawa and Er. Tyrawa, respectively. Moreover, for drinking water, high and low radon concentration was in the cities of Similan and Kelak, respectively. A comparison between our results with that mentioned in international reports had been done. Average annual dose equivalent to the bronchial epithelium, stomach and whole body in the cities of Kelak and Similan are estimated, and it was varied from 0.04{+-}0.01 mSv to 0.547{+-}0.018 mSv, (2.832{+-}0.22)x10{sup -5} to (11.972{+-}2.09)x10{sup -5} mSv, and (0.056 {+-}0.01) x10{sup -5} to (0.239{+-}0.01)x10{sup -5} mSv, respectively. This indicated that the effects of dissolved radon on the bronchial epithelium are much than on the stomach and whole body. (authors)

  9. Short Communication Bioreduction and precipitation of uranium in ionic liquid aqueous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Short Communication Bioreduction and precipitation of uranium in ionic liquid aqueous solution by Clostridium sp. C. Zhang a,b, , C.J. Dodge c , S.V. Malhotra a,1 , A.J. Francis c,d a Department of Chemistry t s Uranium forms various complexes with ionic liquids. Uranium bioreduction was affected by the type

  10. Dynamic Active Probing of Helpdesk Databases Shenghuo Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tao

    Dynamic Active Probing of Helpdesk Databases Shenghuo Zhu NEC Labs America zsh@sv.nec-labs.com Tao, customers often provide incomplete or even inaccurate infor- mation. Manually preparing a list). Features with question marks are questions being asked by the service team and users' answers

  11. RELAP-7 SOFTWARE VERIFICATION AND VALIDATION PLAN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Curtis L [Idaho National Laboratory; Choi, Yong-Joon [Idaho National Laboratory; Zou, Ling [Idaho National Laboratory

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This INL plan comprehensively describes the software for RELAP-7 and documents the software, interface, and software design requirements for the application. The plan also describes the testing-based software verification and validation (SV&V) process—a set of specially designed software models used to test RELAP-7.

  12. Malham Refraction Analysis Sebastian Rost, October 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rost, Sebastian

    the command line. More info about Claritas can be found on http://www.globeclaritas.com/. Before you can run Claritas you might have to add the following lines to your ~/.cshrc file (add this with an editor at the mid-spread shot. Reading the data: 5) Open the Claritas' seismic viewer by typing: sv into the command

  13. High mobility group protein B1 is an activator of apoptotic response to antimetabolite drugs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obradovic, Zoran

    of Pharmacy (NK, EK) and Information Science and Technology Center Biocore (HX, SV, and ZO), Temple University, Philadelphia, PA Abstract We explored the role of a chromatin-associated nuclear protein HMGB1 in apoptotic of Pharmacy, 3307 North Broad Street Philadelphia, PA 19140, Phone: 215-707-4257; Fax: 215-707-3678;, Email

  14. Disposition of actinides released from high-level waste glass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebert, W.L.; Bates, J.K.; Buck, E.C.; Gong, M.; Wolf, S.F.

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of static leach tests was conducted using glasses developed for vitrifying tank wastes at the Savannah River Site to monitor the disposition of actinide elements upon corrosion of the glasses. In these tests, glasses produced from SRL 131 and SRL 202 frits were corroded at 90{degrees}C in a tuff groundwater. Tests were conducted using crushed glass at different glass surface area-to-solution volume (S/V) ratios to assess the effect of the S/V on the solution chemistry, the corrosion of the glass, and the disposition of actinide elements. Observations regarding the effects of the S/V on the solution chemistry and the corrosion of the glass matrix have been reported previously. This paper highlights the solution analyses performed to assess how the S/V used in a static leach test affects the disposition of actinide elements between fractions that are suspended or dissolved in the solution, and retained by the altered glass or other materials.

  15. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 55 (2001) 707713 Bronchial dosimeter for radon progeny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    Applied Radiation and Isotopes 55 (2001) 707­713 Bronchial dosimeter for radon progeny T of the dose conversion factor (in units of mSv WL M­1 ) with the size of radon progeny from 1 to 1000 nm place and at home. It is now established that the inhalation of airborne short-lived radon progeny

  16. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY Phys. Med. Biol. 46 (2001) 19631974 www.iop.org/Journals/pb PII: S0031-9155(01)19795-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, K.N.

    . Introduction Dose conversion factors for radon progeny in the human lung have been the subject of many to radon progeny, and it is given in the unit mSv/WLM. Calculations of the DCF involve a few separate steps and clearance of radon progeny and their equilibrium activities in various regions of the lung. The third step

  17. Florida Straits density structure and transport over the last 8000 years Jean Lynch-Stieglitz,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean

    and Atlantic ocean circulation on millennial time- scales, possibly linked to changes in solar output [Bond et solar radiation due to changes in the Earth's orbit has caused systematic changes in the atmospheric readily account for a 4 Sv increase in the strength of the Florida Current. We see no evidence in our data

  18. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Campus Radionuclide Air Emissions Report for Calendar Year 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snyder, Sandra F.; Barnett, J. M.; Bisping, Lynn E.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents radionuclide air emissions that result in the highest effective dose equivalent (EDE) to a member of the public, referred to as the maximally exposed individual (MEI). The report has been prepared in compliance with the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities and Washington Administrative Code (WAC) Chapter 246-247, Radiation Protection Air Emissions. The dose to the PNNL Site MEI due to routine major and minor point source emissions in 2013 from PNNL Site sources is 2E-05 mrem (2E-07 mSv) EDE. The dose from fugitive emissions (i.e., unmonitored sources) is 2E-6 mrem (2E-8 mSv) EDE. The dose from radon emissions is 1E-11 mrem (1E-13 mSv) EDE. No nonroutine emissions occurred in 2013. The total radiological dose for 2013 to the MEI from all PNNL Site radionuclide emissions, including fugitive emissions and radon, is 2E-5 mrem (2E-7 mSv) EDE, or 100,000 times smaller than the federal and state standard of 10 mrem/yr, to which the PNNL Site is in compliance

  19. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Site Radionuclide Air Emissions Report for Calendar Year 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snyder, Sandra F.; Barnett, J. M.; Bisping, Lynn E.

    2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents radionuclide air emissions that result in the highest effective dose equivalent (EDE) to a member of the public, referred to as the maximally exposed individual (MEI). The report has been prepared in compliance with the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP), Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities and Washington Administrative Code (WAC) Chapter 246-247, Radiation Protection Air Emissions. The dose to the PNNL Site MEI due to routine major and minor point source emissions in 2012 from PNNL Site sources is 9E-06 mrem (9E-08 mSv) EDE. The dose from fugitive emissions (i.e., unmonitored sources) is 1E-7 mrem (1E-9 mSv) EDE. The dose from radon emissions is 2E-6 mrem (2E-08 mSv) EDE. No nonroutine emissions occurred in 2012. The total radiological dose for 2012 to the MEI from all PNNL Site radionuclide emissions, including fugitive emissions and radon, is 1E-5 mrem (1E-7 mSv) EDE, or 100,000 times smaller than the federal and state standard of 10 mrem/yr, to which the PNNL Site is in compliance.

  20. Multiproperty empirical interatomic potentials for ArXe and KrXe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pack, R.T; Valentini, J.J.; Becker, C.H.; Buss, R.J.; Lee, Y.T.

    1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crossed molecular beam measurements of elastic differential cross sections (DCS) for the scattering of Ar and Kr by Xe are reported. Empirical multiparameter M3SV interatomic potentials for the ArXe and KrXe interactions are determined by simultaneously fitting the DCS, the viscosities, and virial coefficients; the results are the most accurate potentials yet reported for these systems.

  1. 8-1 2002 SITE ENVIRONMENTAL REPORT CHAPTER 8: RADIOLOGICAL DOSE ASSESSMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    photon energy (i.e., light), which is measured with a photomultiplier tube; the light #12;8-22002 SITE and the Department of Energy. The average annual ambient external dose reading on site was 71 ± 15 mrem (710 ± 150 m from all pathways is 100 mrem (1,000 mSv). Additionally, 10 on-site remediation and waste management

  2. Dear Participant, Welcome to the symposium `Bioenergy Research within SLU' on Tuesday, September 25, at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dear Participant, Welcome to the symposium `Bioenergy Research within SLU' on Tuesday, September 25 on the web page of the Research school Bioenergy (http://www.slu.se/sv/forskarskolor/bioenergy/) on Monday the arrival hall. · Journey time: about 30 minutes · Cost: about SEK 460. Ask the driver for a fixed price

  3. Complete genome sequence of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv trifolii strain WSM2304, an effective microsymbiont of the South American clover Trifolium polymorphum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeve, Wayne [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; O'Hara, Graham [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; Chain, Patrick S. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Ardley, Julie [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; Brau, Lambert [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; Nandesena, Kemanthi [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; Tiwari, Ravi [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; Malfatti, Stephanie [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Kiss, Hajnalka [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Nolan, Matt [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Mavromatis, K [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Markowitz, Victor [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Melino, Vanessa [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; Denton, Matthew [Department of Primary Industries, Victoria, Australia; Yates, Ron [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia; Howieson, John [Murdoch University, Perth, Australia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rhizobium leguminosarum bv trifolii is the effective nitrogen fixing microsymbiont of a diverse range of annual and perennial Trifolium (clover) species. Strain WSM2304 is an aerobic, motile, non-spore forming, Gram-negative rod, isolated from Trifolium polymorphum in Uruguay in 1998. This microsymbiont predominated in the perennial grasslands of Glencoe Research Station, in Uruguay, to competitively nodulate its host, and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Here we describe the basic features of WSM2304, together with the complete genome sequence, and annotation. This is the first completed genome sequence for a nitrogen fixing microsymbiont of a clover species from the American center of origin. We reveal that its genome size is 6,872,702 bp encoding 6,643 protein-coding genes and 62 RNA only encoding genes. This multipartite genome was found to contain 5 distinct replicons; a chromosome of size 4,537,948 bp and four circular plasmids of size 1,266,105 bp, 501,946 bp, 308,747 bp and 257,956 bp.

  4. Growing Brazilian demand to spur gas network in South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deffarges, E.H. (Booz Allen and Hamilton, San Francisco, CA (United States)); Maurer, L.I.A. (Booz Allen and Hamilton, Sao Paulo (Brazil))

    1993-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent combination in South America of economic and geopolitical factors is prompting development of a new integrated gas-pipeline network in the continent's Southern Cone. The crucial factors include privatization, regional integration, economic growth, and environmental concerns. The area, Latin America's largest regional entity, includes Brazil (population 150 million and a 1990 GNP of about $375 billion, 9th largest in the world), Argentina (population 32 million and the third largest Latin American economy after Brazil and Mexico), Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay are members of the MercoSur economic bloc whose objective is to develop free trade in the region. There are very few integrated pipeline networks in the world. Besides the giant North American system, with hundreds of producers and pipelines, there is only one other large integrated network. It connects continental European countries to their outside suppliers such as Norway, the C.I.S., and Algeria. The emergence of a new pipeline system is therefore important for the natural-gas industry worldwide and even more so if it occurs in a region now growing rapidly after a decade of economic difficulties.

  5. SU-C-18C-04: Evaluation of Effective Dose During Ureteroscopy for Obese and Non-Obese Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, C; Nguyen, G; Chung, Y; Yoshizumi, T [Duke University, Durham, NC (United States); Cabrera, F; Lipkin, M [Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Shin, R [Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Ureteroscopy involves fluoroscopy which potentially results in considerable amount of radiation dose to the patient. Purpose of this study was two-fold: (a) to develop the effective dose computational model for obese and non-obese patients undergoing left and right ureteroscopy, and (b) to evaluate the utility of a commercial Monte Carlo software for dose assessment in ureteroscopy. Methods: Organ dose measurements were performed on an adult male anthropomorphic phantom, representing the non-obese patients, with 20 high-sensitivity MOSFET detectors and two 0.18cc ionization chambers placed in selected organs. Fat-equivalent paddings were placed around the abdominal region to simulate for obese patients. Effective dose (ED) was calculated using ICRP 103 tissue weighting factors and normalized to the effective dose rate in miliSivert per second (mSv/s). In addition, a commercial Monte Carlo (MC) dose estimation program was used to estimate ED for the non-obese model, with table attenuation correction applied to simulate clinical procedure. Results: For the equipment and protocols involved in this study, the MOSFETderived ED rates for the obese patient model (‘Left’: 0.0092±0.0004 mSv/s; ‘Right’: 0.0086±0.0004 mSv/s) was found to be more than twice as much as that to the non-obese patient model (‘Left’: 0.0041±0.0003 mSv/s; ‘Right’: 0.0036±0.0007 mSv/s). The MC-derived ED rates for the non-obese patient model (‘Left’: 0.0041 mSv/s; ‘Right’: 0.0036 mSv/s; with statistical uncertainty of 1%) showed a good agreement with the MOSFET method. Conclusion: The significant difference in ED rate between the obese and non-obese patient models shows the limitation of directly applying commercial softwares for obese patients and leading to considerable underestimation of ED. Although commercial softwares offer a convenient means of dose estimation, but the utility may be limited to standard-man geometry as the software does not account for table attenuation, obese patient geometry, and differences between the anthropomorphic phantom and MC mathematical phantom.

  6. Work to save dose: contrasting effective dose rates from radon exposure in workplaces and residences against the backdrop of public and occupational limits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whicker, Jeffrey J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcnaughton, Michael W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Office workers are exposed to radon while at work and at home. Though there has been a multitude of studies reporting the measurements of radon concentrations and potential lung and effective doses associated with radon and progeny exposure in homes, similar studies on the concentrations and subsequent effective dose rates in the non-mine workplaces are lacking. Additionally, there are few, if any, comparative analyses of radon exposures at more 'typical' workplace with residential exposures within the same county. The purposes of this study were to measure radon concentrations in office and residential spaces in the same county and explore the radiation dose implications. Sixty-five track-etch detectors were deployed in office spaces and 47 were deployed in residences, all within Los Alamos County, New Mexico, USA. The sampling periods for these measurements were generally about three months. The measured concentrations were used to calculate and compare effective dose rates resulting from exposure while at work and at home. Results showed that full-time office workers receive on average about 8 times greater exposure at home than while in the office (2.3 mSv yr-! versus 0.3 mSv yr-!). The estimated effective dose rate for a more homebound person was about 3 mSv yr-!. Estimating effective doses from background radon exposure in the same county as Los Alamos National Laboratory, with thousands of'radiological workers,' highlights interesting contrasts in radiation protection standards that span public and occupational settings. For example, the effective dose rate from background radon exposure in unregulated office spaces ranged up to 1.1 mSv yr-!, which is similar to the 1 mSv yr-! threshold for regulation ofa 'radiological worker,' as defined in the Department of Energy regulations for occupational exposure. Additionally, the estimated average effective dose total of> 3 mSv yf! from radon background exposure in homes stands in contrast to the 0.1 mSv yr-! air pathway effective public dose limit regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency for radioactive air emissions.

  7. Slip and Dilation Tendency Analysis of the Patua Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Slip and dilation tendency analysis for the Patua geothermal system was calculated based on faults mapped in the Hazen Quadrangle (Faulds et al., 2011). Patua lies near the margin between the Basin and Range province, which is characterized by west-northwest directed extension and the Walker Lane province, characterized by west-northwest directed dextral shear. As such, the Patua area likely has been affected by tectonic stress associated with either or both of stress regimes over geologic time. In order to characterize this stress variation we calculated slip tendency at Patua for both normal faulting and strike slip faulting stress regimes. Based on examination of regional and local stress data (as explained above) we applied at shmin direction of 105 to Patua. Whether the vertical stress (sv) magnitude is larger than ...

  8. Time-dependent study of Chernobyl fallout near Savannah River Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winn, W.G.; Kantelo, M.V.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During 1986, atmospheric fallout from the Chernobyl reactor accident in April was detected from early May until late August near the Savannah River site (SRS) in Aiken, South Carolina. A total of 17 man-made nuclides were identified in the fallout, of which {sup 103}Ru, {sup 131}I, {sup 134}Cs, and {sup 137}Cs were predominant. The SRS capabilities for routine atmospheric monitoring were easily extended to study the Chernobyl fallout. The local impact of this fallout was quite minor. Calculations yielded a total inhaled dose of 0.09 {mu}Sv and a thyroid dose of 1.1 {mu}Sv. The {sup 137}Cs levels returned to preaccident levels by August. This indicates that the Chernobly fallout had only a short-term effect on airborne {sup 137}Cs concentrations, which are still dominated by historical fallout from nuclear weapons tests.

  9. Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. B. Evans; D. Roush; R. W. Brooks; D. B. Martin

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the various monitoring programs for 1997 indicated that radioactivity from the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) operations could generally not be distinguished from worldwide fallout and natural radioactivity in the region surrounding the INEEL. Although some radioactive materials were discharged during INEEL operations, concentrations in the offsite environment and doses to the surrounding population were far less than state of Idaho and federal health protection guidelines. The maximum potential population dose from submersion, ingestion, inhalation, and deposition to the approximately 121,500 people residing within an 80-km (50-mi) radius from the geographical center of the INEEL was estimated to be 0.2 person-rem (2 x 10-3 person-Sv) using the MDIFF air dispersion model. This population dose is less than 0.0005% of the estimated 43,700 person-rem (437 person-Sv) population dose from background radioactivity.

  10. B-splines as a basis for the Rayleigh-Ritz-Galerkin procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Jerry Grant

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . There is a unioue element u sS rrhich iuilliuii. zes F[u] over S. Proof. (Schultz) n Let IB. (x)I be a basis for S then there exist o. sR, i = 1, ~ ~ . , n l. 1. i=1 n such that u = ) u, B. . Note that S . 1 l. i=1 F n ) / n n n F[u ] = I[ ) n. B. J... ~ MAXMOV ~ INS MAX ~ NG ~ X ~ 8 ~ NX ~ SV) DIMENSION U '{NX) ~ X(NX) ~ 8{ N) rA(N ~ IB) r C(N) ~ DV (K ~ 2) ~ SV(K) DIMENSION T { I ) ~ AD IF{ N ~ K) THIS ROUT INE WAS WR ITTEN BY JERRY SNODGRASS - J UNE ~ )975 THIS ROUTINE COMPUTES THE SOLUTI...

  11. Physica A 257 (1998) 213232 The puzzling statistical physics of liquid water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physica A 257 (1998) 213­232 The puzzling statistical physics of liquid water H.E. Stanley a; , S.V. Buldyrev a , M. Canpolat a; 1 , M. Meyer a , O. Mishima b , M.R. Sadr-Lahijany a , A. Scala a , F.W. Starr-4371(98)00264-7 #12;214 H.E. Stanley et al. / Physica A 257 (1998) 213­232 At a pressure of 1 atm, the maximum density

  12. Radionuclide Air Emission Report for 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wahl, Linnea

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab operates facilities where radionuclides are handled and stored. These facilities are subject to the EPA radioactive air emission regulations in 40CFR61, Subpart H (EPA 1989). Radionuclides may be emitted from stacks or vents on buildings where radionuclide production or use is authorized or they may be emitted as diffuse sources. In 2009, all Berkeley Lab sources were minor sources of radionuclides (sources resulting in a potential dose of less than 0.1 mrem/yr [0.001 mSv/yr]). These minor sources included more than 100 stack sources and one source of diffuse emissions. There were no unplanned emissions from the Berkeley Lab site. Emissions from minor sources (stacks and diffuse emissions) either were measured by sampling or monitoring or were calculated based on quantities used, received for use, or produced during the year. Using measured and calculated emissions, and building-specific and common parameters, Laboratory personnel applied the EPA-approved computer code, CAP88-PC, to calculate the effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual (MEI). The effective dose equivalent from all sources at Berkeley Lab in 2009 is 7.0 x 10{sup -3} mrem/yr (7.0 x 10{sup -5} mSv/yr) to the MEI, well below the 10 mrem/yr (0.1 mSv/yr) dose standard. The location of the MEI is at the University of California (UC) Lawrence Hall of Science, a public science museum about 1500 ft (460 m) east of Berkeley Lab's Building 56. The estimated collective effective dose equivalent to persons living within 50 mi (80 km) of Berkeley Lab is 1.5 x 10{sup -1} person-rem (1.5 x 10{sup -3} person-Sv) attributable to the Lab's airborne emissions in 2009.

  13. Historical Doses from Tritiated Water and Tritiated Hydrogen Gas Released to the Atmosphere from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Part 5. Accidental Releases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, S

    2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the course of fifty-three years, LLNL had six acute releases of tritiated hydrogen gas (HT) and one acute release of tritiated water vapor (HTO) that were too large relative to the annual releases to be included as part of the annual releases from normal operations detailed in Parts 3 and 4 of the Tritium Dose Reconstruction (TDR). Sandia National Laboratories/California (SNL/CA) had one such release of HT and one of HTO. Doses to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) for these accidents have been modeled using an equation derived from the time-dependent tritium model, UFOTRI, and parameter values based on expert judgment. All of these acute releases are described in this report. Doses that could not have been exceeded from the large HT releases of 1965 and 1970 were calculated to be 43 {micro}Sv (4.3 mrem) and 120 {micro}Sv (12 mrem) to an adult, respectively. Two published sets of dose predictions for the accidental HT release in 1970 are compared with the dose predictions of this TDR. The highest predicted dose was for an acute release of HTO in 1954. For this release, the dose that could not have been exceeded was estimated to have been 2 mSv (200 mrem), although, because of the high uncertainty about the predictions, the likely dose may have been as low as 360 {micro}Sv (36 mrem) or less. The estimated maximum exposures from the accidental releases were such that no adverse health effects would be expected. Appendix A lists all accidents and large routine puff releases that have occurred at LLNL and SNL/CA between 1953 and 2005. Appendix B describes the processes unique to tritium that must be modeled after an acute release, some of the time-dependent tritium models being used today, and the results of tests of these models.

  14. Proceedings of the Joint International Workshop on Professional Learning, Competence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmedilla, Daniel

    and Challenges of the Social Dimension 19 Simone Braun, Andreas Schmidt The User as Prisoner: How the Dilemma Braun, S. 19 Burgos, D. 1 Johnson, M. 67 Jones, S.V. 42 Kohlhase, A. 26 Koulouris, P. 32 Kump, B. 42 Ley, T. 42 Liber, O. 67 Lindstaedt, S.N. 42 Maiden, N.A.M. 42 Markkanen, H. 8 Memmel, M. 1 Milligan, C

  15. Radionuclide Air Emission Report for 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wahl, Linnea; Wahl, Linnea

    2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab operates facilities where radionuclides are handled and stored. These facilities are subject to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) radioactive air emission regulations in Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 40, Part 61, Subpart H (EPA 1989). The EPA regulates radionuclide emissions that may be released from stacks or vents on buildings where radionuclide production or use is authorized or that may be emitted as diffuse sources. In 2007, all Berkeley Lab sources were minor stack or building emissions sources of radionuclides (sources resulting in a potential dose of less than 0.1 mrem/yr [0.001 mSv/yr]), there were no diffuse emissions, and there were no unplanned emissions. Emissions from minor sources either were measured by sampling or monitoring or were calculated based on quantities received for use or produced during the year. Using measured and calculated emissions, and building-specific and common parameters, Laboratory personnel applied the EPA-approved computer code, CAP88-PC, Version 3.0, to calculate the effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual (MEI). The effective dose equivalent from all sources at Berkeley Lab in 2007 is 1.2 x 10{sup -2} mrem/yr (1.2 x 10{sup -4} mSv/yr) to the MEI, well below the 10 mrem/yr (0.1 mSv/yr) EPA dose standard. The location of the MEI is at the University of California (UC) Lawrence Hall of Science, a public science museum about 1500 ft (460 m) east of Berkeley Lab's Building 56. The estimated collective effective dose equivalent to persons living within 50 mi (80 km) of Berkeley Lab is 3.1 x 10{sup -1} person-rem (3.1 x 10{sup -3} person-Sv) attributable to the Lab's airborne emissions in 2007.

  16. Radionuclide Air Emission Report for 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wahl, Linnea

    2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Berkeley Lab operates facilities where radionuclides are handled and stored. These facilities are subject to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) radioactive air emission regulations in Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 40, Part 61, Subpart H (EPA 1989). Radionuclides may be emitted from stacks or vents on buildings where radionuclide production or use is authorized or they may be emitted as diffuse sources. In 2008, all Berkeley Lab sources were minor sources of radionuclides (sources resulting in a potential dose of less than 0.1 mrem/yr [0.001 mSv/yr]). These minor sources include more than 100 stack sources and one source of diffuse emissions. There were no unplanned emissions from the Berkeley Lab site. Emissions from minor sources (stacks and diffuse emissions) either were measured by sampling or monitoring or were calculated based on quantities used, received for use, or produced during the year. Using measured and calculated emissions, and building-specific and common parameters, Laboratory personnel applied the EPA-approved computer code, CAP88-PC, to calculate the effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual (MEI). The effective dose equivalent from all sources at Berkeley Lab in 2008 is 5.2 x 10{sup -3} mrem/yr (5.2 x 10{sup -5} mSv/yr) to the MEI, well below the 10 mrem/yr (0.1 mSv/yr) dose standard. The location of the MEI is at the University of California (UC) Lawrence Hall of Science, a public science museum about 1500 ft (460 m) east of Berkeley Lab's Building 56. The estimated collective effective dose equivalent to persons living within 50 mi (80 km) of Berkeley Lab is 1.1 x 10{sup -1} person-rem (1.1 x 10{sup -3} person-Sv) attributable to the Lab's airborne emissions in 2008.

  17. Weldon Spring Site environmental report for calendar year 1993. Weldon Springs Site Remedial Action Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 1993 describes the environmental monitoring programs at the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP). The objectives of these programs are to assess actual or potential exposure to contaminant effluents from the project area by providing public use scenarios and dose estimates, to demonstrate compliance with Federal and State permitted levels, and to summarize trends and/or changes in contaminant concentrations from environmental monitoring program. In 1993, the maximum committed dose to a hypothetical individual at the chemical plant site perimeter was 0.03 mrem (0.0003 mSv). The maximum committed dose to a hypothetical individual at the boundary of the Weldon Spring Quarry was 1.9 mrem (0.019 mSv). These scenarios assume an individual walking along the perimeter of the site-once a day at the chemical plant/raffinate pits and twice a day at the quarry-250 days per year. This hypothetical individual also consumes fish, sediment, and water from lakes and other bodies of water in the area. The collective dose, based on an effected population of 112,000 was 0.12 person-rem (0.0012 person-Sv). This calculation is based on recreational use of the August A. Busch Memorial Conservation Area and the Missouri Department of Conservation recreational trail (the Katy Trail) near the quarry. These estimates are below the U.S. Department of Energy requirement of 100 mrem (I mSv) annual committed effective dose equivalent for all exposure pathways. Results from air monitoring for the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) program indicated that the estimated dose was 0.38 mrem, which is below the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standard of 10 mrem per year.

  18. The Development of a Method for the Identification and Selection of Preservation Values for the Protection of WWII United States Army Airbases in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunch, Michael A

    2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    THE DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR THE IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTION OF PRESERVATION VALUES FOR THE PROTECTION OF WWII UNITED STATES ARMY AIRBASES IN TEXAS A Dissertation by MICHAEL ANTHONY BUNCH Submitted to the Office of Graduate... PX Post Exchange/Variety Retail Sales ROIC Resident Officer in Charge SAC Strategic Air Command/Bomber Command SHPO State Historical Preservation Office SRAM Short Range Attack Missile SE South East SV Services TB Training Bomber T...

  19. Radionuclide air emissions report for the Hanford Site -- calendar year 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gleckler, B.P.; Rhoads, K.

    1998-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents radionuclide air emission from the Hanford Site in 1997, and the resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed member of the public, referred to as the MEI. The report has been prepared in accordance with reporting requirements in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61, National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, Subpart H, National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities. This report has also been prepared in accordance with the reporting requirements of the Washington Administrative Code Chapter 246-247, Radiation Protection-Air Emissions. The effective dose equivalent to the MEI from the Hanford Site`s 1997 point source emissions was 1.2 E-03 mrem (1.2 E-05 mSv), which is well below the 40 CFR 61 Subpart H regulatory limit of 10 mrem/yr. Radon and thoron emissions, exempted from 40 CFR 61 Subpart H, resulted in an effective dose equivalent to the MEI of 2.5 E-03 mrem (2.5 E-05 mSv). The effective dose equivalent to the MEI attributable to diffuse and fugitive emissions was 2.2 E-02 mrem (2.2 E-04 mSv). The total effective dose equivalent from all of the Hanford Site`s air emissions was 2.6 E-02 mrem (2.6 E-04 mSv). The effective dose equivalent from all of the Hanford Site`s air emissions is well below the Washington Administrative Code, Chapter 246-247, regulatory limit of 10 mrem/yr.

  20. Decontamination and decommissioning of the Argonne Thermal Source Reactor at Argonne National Laboratory - East project final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fellhauer, C.; Garlock, G.; Mathiesen, J.

    1998-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The ATSR D&D Project was directed toward the following goals: (1) Removal of radioactive and hazardous materials associated with the ATSR Reactor facility; (2) Decontamination of the ATSR Reactor facility to unrestricted use levels; and (3)Documentation of all project activities affecting quality (i.e., waste packaging, instrument calibration, audit results, and personnel exposure). These goals had been set in order to eliminate the radiological and hazardous safety concerns inherent in the ATSR Reactor facility and to allow, upon completion of the project, unescorted and unmonitored access to the area. The reactor aluminum, reactor lead, graphite piles in room E-111, and the contaminated concrete in room E-102 were the primary areas of concern. NES, Incorporated (Danbury, CT) characterized the ATSR Reactor facility from January to March 1998. The characterization identified a total of thirteen radionuclides, with a total activity of 64.84 mCi (2.4 GBq). The primary radionuclides of concern were Co{sup 60}, Eu{sup 152}, Cs{sup 137}, and U{sup 238}. No additional radionuclides were identified during the D&D of the facility. The highest dose rates observed during the project were associated with the reactor tank and shield tank. Contact radiation levels of 30 mrem/hr (0.3 mSv/hr) were measured on reactor internals during dismantlement of the reactor. A level of 3 mrem/hr (0.03 mSv/hr) was observed in a small area (hot spot) in room E-102. DOE Order 5480.2A establishes the maximum whole body exposure for occupational workers at 5 rem/yr (50 mSv/yr); the administrative limit at ANL-E is 1 rem/yr (10 mSv/yr).

  1. IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) 5. Heat transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    ) · Heat conductance as Gheat =1/Rheat = Q/T (unit: W/K or W/°C) · For a plane material with thickness L (m) and conductivity (W/mK): Gheat = ·A/L Rheat = L/(·A) . . . #5/6 IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) VST rz13 10). If is a constant: with thermal conductivity , unit: W/(mK) (sv: termisk konduktivitet eller värmeledningsförmåga

  2. A photoelastic study of a beam on an elastic foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beckham, Paul Miles

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    0 IVKS TICK VAI. VK QF ST A'f f?c Foul4 SATION Lt?c. Moucvc? THK 0?Ape oF THK Sv eu?vcs swot40 * PATYCIIN FOR 0 I FFCRKI4Y OCPTN SEARS IIHKN SO?PARKS AT THK SANK Scof I otl, THK AHTHOR ASSUHKS THKSK Qu?VKS Yo APPROX IHAYK YI4K ACTUAL, Vctt'f IQAI...

  3. On the spreading of Weddell Sea deep water in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Locarnini, Ricardo A

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sv (1 Sverdrup = ls10' m'/sec) of WSDW flow from the Scotia Sea into the Georgia Basin. The route through the Scotia Sea, overlooked in previous descriptions of the ocean bottom circulation, can provide a considerable proportion of the cold water... financially supported me during my time at Texas A&M University. TABLE OF CONTENTS Page INTRODUCTION Background. Objectives. Dara and Methods. . BOTTOM CIRCULATION. The South Sandwich Trench Route. The Scotia Sea Route. ll 11 20 THE SCOTIA SEA...

  4. The JPARC Neutrino Target Y.Hayato (ICRR, Univ. of Tokyo)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    with Helium gas ­ reduce Tritium, NOx production · Highly radio-activated ­ ~1Sv/h, ­ Need remote-controlled maintenance system · Need cooling (Helium vessel, radiation shield,..) 100 cm100 cm 1400 2000 900 472 2500 Sectional area = 4.6�10-4 [m2] IG-43 Target dimension =26mm =47mm · Co-axial 2 layer cooling pipe: Graphite

  5. Extraction et analyse automatiques des sinus de Valsalva partir de squences C. Blanchard1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Hospitalier Universitaire de Dijon, France Laboratoire Le2i, route des plaines de l'Yonne BP16, 89010 Auxerre- ment prometteuse pour l'étude des sinus de Valsalva (SV), il n'existe pas aujourd'hui de consensus pour les examens. De plus, sur l'ensemble des séquences, il y a d'excellentes corrélation et concor- dance

  6. ICDERS July 23-29, 2011 UC-Irvine, CA * Corresponding author: kuhl2@llnl.gov 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, John B.

    ) combustion code [3,4]. 2 Model Conservation Laws The Model is based on the Eulerian multi-phase conservation-dynamic conservation laws: Mass: t + ( u) = s (1) Momentum: t u+ (uu+ p) = sv - fs (2) Energy: t E + (uE + pu) = - qs + sEs - fs v (3) Where , p,U represent the gas density, pressure and specific internal energy, u

  7. Relevance of in vivo models in melanoma skin cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Setlow, R.B.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A discussion of possible wavelength dependence of induction of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) is provided. Strengths and weaknesses of various experimental approaches to better understanding of the prevalence of CMM in different human populations including latitude effects are compared. Further the advantages and limitations of the use of the laboratory opossum (Monodelphis domestic), transgenic mice containing SV40 ongogene sequences under tyrosinase promoter control, and a backcross hybrid fish of the genus Xenophorus are contrasted.

  8. Staff Radiation Doses in a Real-Time Display Inside the Angiography Room

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanchez, Roberto, E-mail: rmsanchez.hcsc@salud.madrid.org; Vano, E.; Fernandez, J. M. [Hospital Clinico San Carlos, Medical Physics Department (Spain); Gallego, J. J. [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Radiology Department (Spain)

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    MethodsThe evaluation of a new occupational Dose Aware System (DAS) showing staff radiation doses in real time has been carried out in several angiography rooms in our hospital. The system uses electronic solid-state detectors with high-capacity memory storage. Every second, it archives the dose and dose rate measured and is wirelessly linked to a base-station screen mounted close to the diagnostic monitors. An easy transfer of the values to a data sheet permits further analysis of the scatter dose profile measured during the procedure, compares it with patient doses, and seeks to find the most effective actions to reduce operator exposure to radiation.ResultsThe cumulative occupational doses measured per procedure (shoulder-over lead apron) ranged from 0.6 to 350 {mu}Sv when the ceiling-suspended screen was used, and DSA (Digital Subtraction Acquisition) runs were acquired while the personnel left the angiography room. When the suspended screen was not used and radiologists remained inside the angiography room during DSA acquisitions, the dose rates registered at the operator's position reached up to 1-5 mSv/h during fluoroscopy and 12-235 mSv/h during DSA acquisitions. In such case, the cumulative scatter dose could be more than 3 mSv per procedure.ConclusionReal-time display of doses to staff members warns interventionists whenever the scatter dose rates are too high or the radiation protection tools are not being properly used, providing an opportunity to improve personal protection accordingly.

  9. Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Paralllisme Ecole Normale Suprieure de Lyon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bender, Michael

    85], Spinrad and Valdes [SV83], M. M. Syslo [Sys82], Valdes, Tarjan, and Lawler [VTL82]. Many accept as input a transitively­closed directed graph with N nodes and M edges. They run in time O(log N) with O(N + M) processors and O(N + M) space and in constant time with O(N 2 ) processors and O(N 2

  10. & # 7 1!4 !! 8 27 9..: !782;< Paleogeographic controls on the onset of the Antarctic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leeds, University of

    circumpolar current Daniel J. Hill,1,2 Alan M. Haywood,1 Paul J. Valdes,3 Jane E. Francis,1 Daniel J. Lunt,3. Citation: Hill, D. J., A. M. Haywood, P. J. Valdes, J. E. Francis, D. J. Lunt, B. S. Wade, and V. C. Bowman transport of ~130 Sv (130 Ã? 106 m3 sÃ?1 ), making it the largest of all ocean currents [Barker and Thomas

  11. Calculated corrections to superallowed Fermi beta decay: New evaluation of the nuclear-structure-dependent terms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Towner, IS; Hardy, John C.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electromagnetic isovector, and sv 5 spin isovector. Parent Unquenched Quenched CNS nucleus CNS os ss ov Tz521: 10C 21.669 0.002 20.283 20.002 14O 21.360 20.008 20.341 0.082 18Ne 21.531 20.011 20.249 20.119 22Mg 21.046 20.009 20.222 20.067 26Si 20.986 20...

  12. LLNL NESHAPs 2002 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrach, R J; Gallegos, G M; Peterson, S-R; Tate, P J; Bertoldo, N A; Wilson, K R; Althouse, P E; Larson, J M

    2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report is prepared pursuant to the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs; Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61, Subpart H). Subpart H governs radionuclide emissions to air from Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. NESHAPs limits the emission of radionuclides to the ambient air from DOE facilities to levels resulting in an annual effective dose equivalent (EDE) of 10 mrem (100 {micro}Sv) to any member of the public. The EDEs for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) site-wide maximally exposed members of the public from operations in 2002 are summarized here: (1) Livermore site: 0.023 mrem (0.23 {micro}Sv) (43% from point-source emissions, 57% from diffuse-source emissions). The point-source emissions include gaseous tritium modeled as tritiated water vapor as directed by EPA Region IX; the resulting dose is used for compliance purposes; and (2) Site 300: 0.021 mrem (0.21 {micro}Sv) (85% from point-source emissions, 15% from diffuse-source emissions). The EDEs were calculated using the EPA-approved CAP88-PC air dispersion/dose-assessment model, except for doses for three diffuse sources, which were calculated from measured concentrations and dose coefficients. Site specific meteorological data, stack flow data, and emissions estimates based on radionuclide usage inventory data or continuous stack monitoring data were the specific inputs to CAP88-PC for each modeled source.

  13. Characterization of proton exchange membrane materials for fuel cells by solid state nuclear magnetic resonance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kong, Zueqian

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has been used to explore the nanometer-scale structure of Nafion, the widely used fuel cell membrane, and its composites. We have shown that solid-state NMR can characterize chemical structure and composition, domain size and morphology, internuclear distances, molecular dynamics, etc. The newly-developed water channel model of Nafion has been confirmed, and important characteristic length-scales established. Nafion-based organic and inorganic composites with special properties have also been characterized and their structures elucidated. The morphology of Nafion varies with hydration level, and is reflected in the changes in surface-to-volume (S/V) ratio of the polymer obtained by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The S/V ratios of different Nafion models have been evaluated numerically. It has been found that only the water channel model gives the measured S/V ratios in the normal hydration range of a working fuel cell, while dispersed water molecules and polymer ribbons account for the structures at low and high hydration levels, respectively.

  14. LLNL NESHAPs 2008 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertoldo, N; Gallegos, G; MacQueen, D; Wegrecki, A; Wilson, K

    2009-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC operates facilities at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) where radionuclides are handled and stored. These facilities are subject to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) in Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 40, Part 61, Subpart H, which regulates radionuclide emissions to air from Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. Specifically, NESHAPs limits the emission of radionuclides to the ambient air to levels resulting in an annual effective dose equivalent of 10 mrem (100 {mu}Sv) to any member of the public. Using measured and calculated emissions, and building-specific and common parameters, LLNL personnel applied the EPA-approved computer code, CAP88-PC, Version 1.0, to calculate the dose to the maximally exposed individual for the Livermore site and Site 300. The dose for the LLNL site-wide maximally exposed members of the public from operations in 2008 are summarized here: {sm_bullet} Livermore site: 0.0013 mrem (0.013 {mu}Sv) (26% from point source emissions, 74% from diffuse source emissions). The point source emissions include gaseous tritium modeled as tritiated water vapor as directed by EPA Region IX; the resulting dose is used for compliance purposes. {sm_bullet} Site 300: 0.000000044 mrem (0.00000044 {mu}Sv) (100% from point source emissions).

  15. Delineation of the Postprostatectomy Prostate Bed Using Computed Tomography: Interobserver Variability Following the EORTC Delineation Guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ost, Piet, E-mail: piet.ost@ugent.be [Department of Radiotherapy, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium); De Meerleer, Gert; Vercauteren, Tom; De Gersem, Werner; Veldeman, Liv; Vandecasteele, Katrien; Fonteyne, Valerie [Department of Radiotherapy, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium); Villeirs, Geert [Department of Radiology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium)

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The present study aims to assess the interobserver agreement of prostate bed delineation after radical prostatectomy using CT alone as proposed by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) guidelines. Methods and Materials: Six observers delineated the postoperative prostate bed (PB) and the original seminal vesicle position or remnants (SV) of 10 patients according to the EORTC guidelines. Contours were then compared for agreement between observers (the apparent volume overlap and generalized kappa statistics). Standard deviations were also calculated to measure the variability of the position of the outer margins. Results: The mean volume of 100% agreement ({+-}1 standard deviation, SD) was only 5.0 ({+-}3.3) ml for the PB and 0.9 ({+-}1.5) ml for the SV, whereas the mean union of all contours ({+-}1 SD) was 41.1 ({+-}11.8) ml and 25.3 ({+-}13.4) ml, respectively. The mean overall agreement corrected for chance was moderate for both the PB (mean kappa, 0.49; range, 0.35-0.62) and SV (mean kappa, 0.42; range, 0.22-0.59). The overall SD of the outer margins of the PB ranged from 4.6 to 7.0 mm Conclusion: The delineation of the postprostatectomy bed using CT shows only a moderate observer agreement when following the EORTC guidelines.

  16. An Overview of the 2014 ALMA Long Baseline Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Partnership, ALMA; Vlahakis, C; Corder, S; Remijan, A; Barkats, D; Lucas, R; Hunter, T R; Brogan, C L; Asaki, Y; Matsushita, S; Dent, W R F; Hills, R E; Phillips, N; Richards, A M S; Cox, P; Amestica, R; Broguiere, D; Cotton, W; Hales, A S; Hiriart, R; Hirota, A; Hodge, J A; Impellizzeri, C M V; Kern, J; Kneissl, R; Liuzzo, E; Marcelino, N; Marson, R; Mignano, A; Nakanishi, K; Nikolic, B; Perez, J E; Pérez, L M; Toledo, I; Aladro, R; Butler, B; Cortes, J; Cortes, P; Dhawan, V; Di Francesco, J; Espada, D; Galarza, F; Garcia-Appadoo, D; Guzman-Ramirez, L; Humphreys, E M; Jung, T; Kameno, S; Laing, R A; Leon, S; Mangum, J; Marconi, G; Nagai, H; Nyman, L -A; Perley, R; Radiszcz, M; Rodón, J A; Sawada, T; Takahashi, S; Tilanus, R P J; van Kempen, T; Vilaro, B Vila; Watson, L C; Wiklind, T; Gueth, F; Tatematsu, K; Wootten, A; Castro-Carrizo, A; Chapillon, E; Dumas, G; de Gregorio-Monsalvo, I; Francke, H; Gallardo, J; Garcia, J; Gonzalez, S; Hibbard, J E; Hill, T; Kaminski, T; Karim, A; Krips, M; Kurono, Y; Lopez, C; Martin, S; Maud, L; Morales, F; Pietu, V; Plarre, K; Schieven, G; Testi, L; Videla, L; Villard, E; Whyborn, N; Zwaan, M A; Alves, F; Andreani, P; Avison, A; Barta, M; Bedosti, F; Bendo, G J; Bertoldi, F; Bethermin, M; Biggs, A; Boissier, J; Brand, J; Burkutean, S; Casasola, V; Conway, J; Cortese, L; Dabrowski, B; Davis, T A; Trigo, M Diaz; Fontani, F; Franco-Hernandez, R; Fuller, G; Madrid, R Galvan; Giannetti, A; Ginsburg, A; Graves, S F; Hatziminaoglou, E; Hogerheijde, M; Jachym, P; Serra, I Jimenez; Karlicky, M; Klaasen, P; Kraus, M; Kunneriath, D; Lagos, C; Longmore, S; Leurini, S; Maercker, M; Magnelli, B; Vidal, I Marti; Massardi, M; Maury, A; Muehle, S; Muller, S; Muxlow, T; O'Gorman, E; Paladino, R; Petry, D; Pineda, J; Randall, S; Richer, J S; Rossetti, A; Rushton, A; Rygl, K; Monge, A Sanchez; Schaaf, R; Schilke, P; Stanke, T; Schmalzl, M; Stoehr, F; Urban, S; van Kampen, E; Vlemmings, W; Wang, K; Wild, W; Yang, Y; Iguchi, S; Hasegawa, T; Saito, M; Inatani, J; Mizuno, N; Asayama, S; Kosugi, G; Morita, K -I; Chiba, K; Kawashima, S; Okumura, S K; Ohashi, N; Ogasawara, R; Sakamoto, S; Noguchi, T; Huang, Y -D; Liu, S -Y; Kemper, F; Koch, P M; Chen, M -T; Chikada, Y; Hiramatsu, M; Iono, D; Shimojo, M; Komugi, S; Kim, J; Lyo, A -R; Muller, E; Herrera, C; Miura, R E; Ueda, J; Chibueze, J; Su, Y -N; Trejo-Cruz, A; Wang, K -S; Kiuchi, H; Ukita, N; Sugimoto, M; Kawabe, R; Hayashi, M; Miyama, S; Ho, P T P; Kaifu, N; Ishiguro, M; Beasley, A J; Bhatnagar, S; Braatz, J A; Brisbin, D G; Brunetti, N; Carilli, C; Crossley, J H; D'Addario, L; Meyer, J L Donovan; Emerson, D T; Evans, A S; Fisher, P; Golap, K; Griffith, D M; Hale, A E; Halstead, D; Hardy, E J; Hatz, M C; Holdaway, M; Indebetouw, R; Jewell, P R; Kepley, A A; Kim, D -C; Lacy, M D; Leroy, A K; Liszt, H S; Lonsdale, C J; Matthews, B; McKinnon, M; Mason, B S; Moellenbrock, G; Moullet, A; Myers, S T; Ott, J; Peck, A B; Pisano, J; Radford, S J E; Randolph, W T; Venkata, U Rao; Rawlings, M; Rosen, R; Schnee, S L; Scott, K S; Sharp, N K; Sheth, K J; Simon, R S; Tsutsumi, T; Wood, S J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A major goal of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) is to make accurate images with resolutions of tens of milliarcseconds, which at submillimeter (submm) wavelengths requires baselines up to ~15 km. To develop and test this capability, a Long Baseline Campaign (LBC) was carried out from September to late November 2014, culminating in end-to-end observations, calibrations, and imaging of selected Science Verification (SV) targets. This paper presents an overview of the campaign and its main results, including an investigation of the short-term coherence properties and systematic phase errors over the long baselines at the ALMA site, a summary of the SV targets and observations, and recommendations for science observing strategies at long baselines. Deep ALMA images of the quasar 3C138 at 97 and 241 GHz are also compared to VLA 43 GHz results, demonstrating an agreement at a level of a few percent. As a result of the extensive program of LBC testing, the highly successful SV imaging at long...

  17. Initial comparison of leach behavior between fully radioactive and simulated nuclear waste glass through long-term testing: Part 2, Reacted layer analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bates, J.K.; Feng, X.; Bradley, C.R.; Buck, E.C.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An initial comparison of glass behavior of simulated nuclear waste glasses has been made through long-term testing of general glass types SRL165, SRL131 and SRL200. The data demonstrate that up to 560 days at S/V of 2000/m, the reacted layers consist of one outer clay layer, which is undetermined by discontinuous etch pits. The regions between the etch pits are alkali depleted. The surface layer becomes thicker as test duration progresses and the reacted layer after the same test time is thinner at higher S/V than at lower S/V. The relative glass durability measured by the thickness of the reacted layer is 165/42S > 131/11S > 200S, which is consistent with solution analyses. In general, the reacted layers on all glass compositions are poorly crystallized which makes the clay identification difficult. The diffraction spacings and EDS compositions for 131/11S and 200S, although not unique to, are consistent with Na (or Ca-) montmorillonite or nontronite. Both of these are dioctahedral smectite.

  18. Initial comparison of leach behavior between fully radioactive and simulated nuclear waste glass through long-term testing: Part 2, Reacted layer analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bates, J.K.; Feng, X.; Bradley, C.R.; Buck, E.C.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An initial comparison of glass behavior of simulated nuclear waste glasses has been made through long-term testing of general glass types SRL165, SRL131 and SRL200. The data demonstrate that up to 560 days at S/V of 2000/m, the reacted layers consist of one outer clay layer, which is undetermined by discontinuous etch pits. The regions between the etch pits are alkali depleted. The surface layer becomes thicker as test duration progresses and the reacted layer after the same test time is thinner at higher S/V than at lower S/V. The relative glass durability measured by the thickness of the reacted layer is 165/42S > 131/11S > 200S, which is consistent with solution analyses. In general, the reacted layers on all glass compositions are poorly crystallized which makes the clay identification difficult. The diffraction spacings and EDS compositions for 131/11S and 200S, although not unique to, are consistent with Na (or Ca-) montmorillonite or nontronite. Both of these are dioctahedral smectite.

  19. Regional Slip Tendency Analysis of the Great Basin Region

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    - The resulting along?fault and fault?to?fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault?to?fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions were calculated across the entire Great Basin. Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson?Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005). The minimum horizontal stress direction (Shmin) was contoured, and spatial bins with common Shmin directions were calculated. Based on this technique, we subdivided the Great Basin into nine regions (Shmin <070, 070140). Slip and dilation tendency were calculated using 3DStress for the faults within each region using the mean Shmin for the region. Shmin variation throughout Great Basin are shown on Figure 3. For faults within the Great Basin proper, we applied a normal faulting stress regime, where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax), which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin). Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin, we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46. These values are consistent with stress magnitude data at both Dixie Valley (Hickman et al., 2000) and Yucca Mountain (Stock et al., 1985). For faults within the Walker Lane/Eastern California Shear Zone, we applied a strike?slip faulting stress, where shmax > sv > shmin. Upon visual inspection of limited stress magnitude data from the Walker Lane and Eastern California Shear zone, we chose values such that SHmin/SHmax = .46 and Shmin/Sv= .527 representative of the region. Results: The results of our slip and dilation tendency analysis are shown in Figures 4 (dilation tendency), 5 (slip tendency) and 6 (slip tendency + dilation tendency). Shmin varies from northwest to east?west trending throughout much of the Great Basin. As such, north? to northeast?striking faults have the highest tendency to slip and to dilate, depending on the local trend of shmin. These results provide a first order filter on faults and fault systems in the Great Basin, affording focusing of local?scale exploration efforts for blind or hidden geothermal resources.

  20. Updated mortality analysis of radiation workers at Rocketdyne (Atomics International), 1948-2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boice, John [Vanderbilt University; Cohen, Sarah [IEI; Mumma, Michael [IEI; Ellis, Elizabeth D [ORNL; Eckerman, Keith F [ORNL; Leggett, Richard Wayne [ORNL; Boecker, Bruce [LRRI; Brill, Bertrand [Vanderbilt University; Henderson, Brian [University of Southern California, Los Angeles

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Updated analyses of mortality data are presented on 5,801 radiation workers, including 2,232 monitored for radionuclide intakes, and 41,169 non-radiation workers employed 1948-1999 at Rocketdyne (Atomics International). The worker population is unique in that lifetime occupational doses from all places of employment were sought and incorporated into the analyses. Further, radiation doses from intakes of 14 different radionuclides were calculated for 16 organs or tissues using biokinetic models of the International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP). The mean dose from external radiation was 13.5 mSv (maximum 1 Sv), and the mean lung dose from external and internal radiation combined was 19.0 mSv (maximum 3.6 Sv). An additional nine years of follow-up, from December 31,1999 through 2008, increased the person-years of observation by 21.7% to 196,674 (mean 33.9 years) and the number of cancer deaths by 50% to 684. Analyses included comparisons with the general population and the computation of standardized mortality ratios (SMRs), and internal comparisons using proportional hazards models. All cancers taken together (SMR 0.88; 95% CI 0.81-0.95), lung cancer (SMR 0.87; 95% CI 0.76-1.00) and leukemia other than chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (SMR 1.04; 95% 0.67-1.53) were not significantly elevated. Cox regression analyses revealed no significant dose-response trends for any cancer. For all cancers excluding leukemia, the relative risk (RR) at 100 mSv was estimated as 0.98 (95% CI 0.82-1.17) and for all leukemia other than CLL it was 1.06 (95% CI 0.50-2.23). Uranium was the primary radionuclide contributing to internal exposures, but significant increases in lung and kidney disease were not seen. The extended follow-up re-enforces the findings in the previous study in failing to observe a detectable increase in cancer deaths associated with radiation, but strong conclusions still cannot be drawn because of small numbers and relatively low career doses. Larger combined studies of early workers in the United States following similar methodologies are warranted to refine and clarify radiation risks following protracted exposures.

  1. Slip and Dilation Tendency Analysis of the Tuscarora Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Slip and dilation tendency for the Tuscarora geothermal field was calculated based on the faults mapped Tuscarora area (Dering, 2013). The Tuscarora area lies in the Basin and Range Province, as such we applied a normal faulting stress regime to the Tuscarora area faults, with a minimum horizontal stress direction oriented 115, based on inspection of local and regional stress determinations, as explained above. Under these stress conditions north-northeast striking, steeply dipping fault segments have the highest dilation tendency, while north-northeast striking 60° dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. Tuscarora is defined by a left-step in a major north- to-north northeast striking, west-dipping range-bounding normal fault system. Faults within the broad step define an anticlinal accommodation zone...

  2. Slip and Dilation Tendency Analysis of the San Emidio Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Slip and dilation tendency for the San Emidio geothermal field was calculated based on the faults mapped Tuscarora area (Rhodes, 2011). The San Emidio area lies in the Basin and Range Province, as such we applied a normal faulting stress regime to the San Emidio area faults, with a minimum horizontal stress direction oriented 115, based on inspection of local and regional stress determinations, as explained above. This is consistent with the shmin determined through inversion of fault data by Rhodes (2011). Under these stress conditions north-northeast striking, steeply dipping fault segments have the highest dilation tendency, while north-northeast striking 60° dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. Interesting, the San Emidio geothermal field lies in an area of primarily north striking faults, which...

  3. Slip and Dilation Tendency Analysis of the Salt Wells Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Slip and dilation tendency for the Salt Wells geothermal field was calculated based on the faults mapped in the Bunejug Mountains quadrangle (Hinz et al., 2011). The Salt Wells area lies in the Basin and Range Province (N. Hinz personal comm.) As such we applied a normal faulting stress regime to the Salt Wells area faults, with a minimum horizontal stress direction oriented 105, based on inspection of local and regional stress determinations. Under these stress conditions north-northeast striking, steeply dipping fault segments have the highest dilation tendency, while north-northeast striking 60° dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. Several such faults intersect in high density in the core of the accommodation zone in the Bunejug Mountains and local to the Salt Wells geothermal .

  4. Slip and Dilation Tendency Anlysis of Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Based on inversion of fault kinematic data, Edwards (2013) interpreted that two discrete stress orientations are preserved at Neal Hot Springs. An older episode of east-west directed extension and a younger episode of southwest-northeast directed sinistral, oblique -normal extension. This interpretation is consistent with the evolution of Cenozoic tectonics in the region (Edwards, 2013). As such we applied a southwest-northeast (060) directed normal faulting stress regime, consistent with the younger extensional episode, to the Neal Hot Springs faults. Under these stress conditions northeast striking steeply dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to dilate and northeast striking 60° dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. Under these stress condition...

  5. Slip and Dilation Tendency Anlysis of McGinness Hills Geothermal Area

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Faulds, James E.

    Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Slip and dilation tendency for the McGinness Hills geothermal field was calculated based on the faults mapped McGinness Hills area (Siler 2012, unpublished). The McGinness Hills area lies in the Basin and Range Province, as such we applied a normal faulting stress regime to the McGinness area faults, with a minimum horizontal stress direction oriented 115, based on inspection of local and regional stress determinations, as explained above. Under these stress conditions north-northeast striking, steeply dipping fault segments have the highest dilation tendency, while north-northeast striking 60° dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. The McGinness Hills geothermal system is characterized by a left-step in a north-northeast striking west-dipping fault system wit...

  6. Arctic vegetation damage by winter-generated coal mining pollution released upon thawing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bo Elberling; Jens Soendergaard; Louise A. Jensen; Lea B. Schmidt; Birger U. Hansen; Gert Asmund; Tonci BalicZunic; Joergen Hollesen; Susanne Hanson; Per-Erik Jansson; Thomas Friborg [University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark). Institute of Geography and Geology

    2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acid mine drainage (known as AMD) is a well-known environmental problem resulting from the oxidation of sulfidic mine waste. In cold regions, AMD is often considered limited by low temperatures most of the year and observed environmental impact is related to pollution generated during the warm summer period. Here we show that heat generation within an oxidizing, sulfidic, coal-mining waste-rock pile in Svalbard (Arctic Norway) (78{sup o}N) is high enough to keep the pile warm (roughly 5{sup o}C throughout the year) despite mean annual air temperatures below -5{sup o}C. Consequently, weathering processes continue year-round within the waste-rock pile which is characterised as a mixture of coal and a siltstone-mudstone. During the winter, weathering products accumulate within the pile because of a frozen outer layer on the pile and are released as a flush within 2 weeks of soil thawing in the spring. Consequently, spring runoff water contains elevated concentrations of metals. Several of these metals are taken up and accumulated in plants where they reach phytotoxic levels, including aluminum and manganese. Laboratory experiments document that uptake of Al and Mn in native plant species is highly correlated with dissolved concentrations. Therefore, future remedial actions to control the adverse environmental impacts of cold region coal-mining need to pay more attention to winter processes including AMD generation and accumulation of weathering products. 34 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. Paleoenviromental data from less-investigated polar regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaikmae, R.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Arctic holds extensive records of past climatic and environmental changes. Stable isotope variations in polar ice are in many cases important records of paleoclimatic information. Deep ice cores from Antarctica and Greenland, reaching back through the last glaciation, have provided valuable information about the Earth's climate in the past. This paper discusses the oxygen-18 variations in intermediate-depth ice cores from smaller ice caps of Svalbard, Severnaya Zemlya (North Land) and from the marginal area of the Antarctic ice sheet, covering the time span from 1000 to 8000 years B.P. All profiles studied clearly reflect the main climatic events during this time interval. However, small shifts in time exist between details on different curves. Most probably this is due to certain asynchronity in climatic changes in the various regions. There are extensive areas in the Arctic, especially in its eastern sector, where no glaciers currently exist and, possibly, in some areas never existed in the past either. These are the areas of permafrost where several forms of ice occur Within the ground. The source water for most types of ground ice originates from precipitation, but unlike glacier ice, the range of mechanisms for the formation of ground ice is very large, which considerably complicates the interpretation of their isotopic characteristics. For paleoclimatic and paleopermafrost reconstructions, the isotopic content of polygonal wedge ice seems to be most promising. The attempts to use isotopic records from segregated ice for paleoenvironmental research will also be discussed.

  8. Contribution of oceanic gas hydrate dissociation to the formation of Arctic Ocean methane plumes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reagan, M.; Moridis, G.; Elliott, S.; Maltrud, M.

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Vast quantities of methane are trapped in oceanic hydrate deposits, and there is concern that a rise in the ocean temperature will induce dissociation of these hydrate accumulations, potentially releasing large amounts of carbon into the atmosphere. Because methane is a powerful greenhouse gas, such a release could have dramatic climatic consequences. The recent discovery of active methane gas venting along the landward limit of the gas hydrate stability zone (GHSZ) on the shallow continental slope (150 m - 400 m) west of Svalbard suggests that this process may already have begun, but the source of the methane has not yet been determined. This study performs 2-D simulations of hydrate dissociation in conditions representative of the Arctic Ocean margin to assess whether such hydrates could contribute to the observed gas release. The results show that shallow, low-saturation hydrate deposits, if subjected to recently observed or future predicted temperature changes at the seafloor, can release quantities of methane at the magnitudes similar to what has been observed, and that the releases will be localized near the landward limit of the GHSZ. Both gradual and rapid warming is simulated, along with a parametric sensitivity analysis, and localized gas release is observed for most of the cases. These results resemble the recently published observations and strongly suggest that hydrate dissociation and methane release as a result of climate change may be a real phenomenon, that it could occur on decadal timescales, and that it already may be occurring.

  9. Historical Doses from Tritiated Water and Tritiated Hydrogen Gas Released to the Atmosphere from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). Part 6. Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, S

    2007-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Throughout fifty-three years of operations, an estimated 792,000 Ci (29,300 TBq) of tritium have been released to the atmosphere at the Livermore site of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); about 75% was tritium gas (HT) primarily from the accidental releases of 1965 and 1970. Routine emissions contributed slightly more than 100,000 Ci (3,700 TBq) HT and about 75,000 Ci (2,800 TBq) tritiated water vapor (HTO) to the total. A Tritium Dose Reconstruction was undertaken to estimate both the annual doses to the public for each year of LLNL operations and the doses from the few accidental releases. Some of the dose calculations were new, and the others could be compared with those calculated by LLNL. Annual doses (means and 95% confidence intervals) to the potentially most exposed member of the public were calculated for all years using the same model and the same assumptions. Predicted tritium concentrations in air were compared with observed mean annual concentrations at one location from 1973 onwards. Doses predicted from annual emissions were compared with those reported in the past by LLNL. The highest annual mean dose predicted from routine emissions was 34 {micro}Sv (3.4 mrem) in 1957; its upper confidence limit, based on very conservative assumptions about the speciation of the release, was 370 {micro}Sv (37 mrem). The upper confidence limits for most annual doses were well below the current regulatory limit of 100 {micro}Sv (10 mrem) for dose to the public from release to the atmosphere; the few doses that exceeded this were well below the regulatory limits of the time. Lacking the hourly meteorological data needed to calculate doses from historical accidental releases, ingestion/inhalation dose ratios were derived from a time-dependent accident consequence model that accounts for the complex behavior of tritium in the environment. Ratios were modified to account for only those foods growing at the time of the releases. The highest dose from an accidental release was calculated for a release of about 1,500 Ci HTO that occurred in October 1954. The likely dose for this release was probably less than 360 {micro}Sv (36 mrem), but, because of many unknowns (e.g., release-specific meteorological and accidental conditions) and conservative assumptions, the uncertainty was very high. As a result, the upper confidence limit on the predictions, considered a dose that could not have been exceeded, was estimated to be 2 mSv (200 mrem). The next highest dose, from the 1970 accidental release of about 290,000 Ci (10,700 TBq) HT when wind speed and wind direction were known, was one-third as great. Doses from LLNL accidental releases were well below regulatory reporting limits. All doses, from both routine and accidental releases, were far below the level (3.6 mSv [360 mrem] per year) at which adverse health effects have been documented in the literature.

  10. Subsurface Hybrid Power Options for Oil & Gas Production at Deep Ocean Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farmer, J C; Haut, R; Jahn, G; Goldman, J; Colvin, J; Karpinski, A; Dobley, A; Halfinger, J; Nagley, S; Wolf, K; Shapiro, A; Doucette, P; Hansen, P; Oke, A; Compton, D; Cobb, M; Kopps, R; Chitwood, J; Spence, W; Remacle, P; Noel, C; Vicic, J; Dee, R

    2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    An investment in deep-sea (deep-ocean) hybrid power systems may enable certain off-shore oil and gas exploration and production. Advanced deep-ocean drilling and production operations, locally powered, may provide commercial access to oil and gas reserves otherwise inaccessible. Further, subsea generation of electrical power has the potential of featuring a low carbon output resulting in improved environmental conditions. Such technology therefore, enhances the energy security of the United States in a green and environmentally friendly manner. The objective of this study is to evaluate alternatives and recommend equipment to develop into hybrid energy conversion and storage systems for deep ocean operations. Such power systems will be located on the ocean floor and will be used to power offshore oil and gas exploration and production operations. Such power systems will be located on the oceans floor, and will be used to supply oil and gas exploration activities, as well as drilling operations required to harvest petroleum reserves. The following conceptual hybrid systems have been identified as candidates for powering sub-surface oil and gas production operations: (1) PWR = Pressurized-Water Nuclear Reactor + Lead-Acid Battery; (2) FC1 = Line for Surface O{sub 2} + Well Head Gas + Reformer + PEMFC + Lead-Acid & Li-Ion Batteries; (3) FC2 = Stored O2 + Well Head Gas + Reformer + Fuel Cell + Lead-Acid & Li-Ion Batteries; (4) SV1 = Submersible Vehicle + Stored O{sub 2} + Fuel Cell + Lead-Acid & Li-Ion Batteries; (5) SV2 = Submersible Vehicle + Stored O{sub 2} + Engine or Turbine + Lead-Acid & Li-Ion Batteries; (6) SV3 = Submersible Vehicle + Charge at Docking Station + ZEBRA & Li-Ion Batteries; (7) PWR TEG = PWR + Thermoelectric Generator + Lead-Acid Battery; (8) WELL TEG = Thermoelectric Generator + Well Head Waste Heat + Lead-Acid Battery; (9) GRID = Ocean Floor Electrical Grid + Lead-Acid Battery; and (10) DOC = Deep Ocean Current + Lead-Acid Battery.

  11. Environmental Protection Department LLNL NESHAPs 2007 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertoldo, N A; Larson, J M; Wilson, K R

    2008-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This annual report is prepared pursuant to the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs; Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR] Part 61, Subpart H). Subpart H governs radionuclide emissions to air from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. NESHAPs limits the emission of radionuclides to the ambient air from DOE facilities to levels resulting in an annual effective dose equivalent (EDE) of 10 mrem (100 {micro}Sv) to any member of the public. The EDEs for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) site-wide maximally exposed members of the public from operations in 2007 are summarized here. Livermore site: 0.0031 mrem (0.031 {micro}Sv) (42% from point source emissions, 58% from diffuse source emissions). The point source emissions include gaseous tritium modeled as tritiated water vapor as directed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region IX; the resulting dose is used for compliance purposes. Site 300: 0.0035 mrem (0.035 {micro}Sv) (90% from point source emissions, 10% from diffuse source emissions). The EDEs were calculated using the U.S. EPA-approved CAP88-PC air dispersion/dose-assessment model, except for doses for two diffuse sources that were estimated using measured radionuclide concentrations and dose calculations. Specific inputs to CAP88-PC for the modeled sources included site-specific meteorological data and source emissions data, the latter variously based on continuous stack effluent monitoring data, stack flow or other release-rate information, ambient air monitoring data, and facility knowledge.

  12. SU-E-I-90: Medical Physicists' Implication in Diagnostic CT in Switzerland: Results of After One Year of Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryckx, N.; Elandoy, C.; Bize, J.; Verdun, F.R. [Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, VD (Switzerland)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Since January 1st 2008, the Swiss ordinance on radiation protection requires the involvement of a medical physicist to support the optimization process of medical imaging techniques using ionizing radiation. After a long process of implementation, this requirement is satisfied all over the country since the beginning of 2013. The goal of this contribution is to summarize the main results obtained in this first year of experience in CT. Methods: We assessed the output and clinical use of 45 CT units using a three-pronged approach. First, we assessed the output of the device (CTDIvol, primary beam collimation and HU in water at different tube tensions). Secondly, we characterized the local chest and abdomen acquisition and reconstruction protocols using the Catphan 600 phantom. Lastly, we assessed the clinical use of the machine by analyzing an extract of a dozen clinical examinations per unit. Results: 9 out of 45 units had incorrect collimator settings, e.g. 4mm instead of 1mm. We witnessed also a large spread in reconstruction parameters, especially for reconstructed slice thickness, thus showing notable variations in low contrast detectability performances. Clinical practice is also clearly spread out. For example, estimated patient effective dose per abdomen examination lies at 18.7+/?12.7mSv (min: 2.0mSv — max: 112.0mSv). Chest and brain scans have a narrower dispersion, but patient effective dose is also spread by about a factor of 10 to 20. Conclusion: The spread in clinical practice being fairly large, it appears of crucial importance to collaborate more closely with radiologists and technologists to assess it. The lack of statistical precision will imply that we analyze clinical practice according to a specific medical demand rather than an anatomical region. Furthermore, low contrast sensitivity (LCD) being a crucial parameter, an objective method using a model observer will be used to assess LCD.

  13. Evaluation of Effective Dose During Abdominal Three-Dimensional Imaging for Three Flat-Panel-Detector Angiography Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suzuki, Shigeru, E-mail: shig.suz@gmail.com [Saitama Red Cross Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Yamaguchi, Ichiro [National Institute of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health (Japan); Kidouchi, Takashi; Yamamoto, Asako [Teikyo University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Masumoto, Tomohiko [Tsukuba University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Ozaki, Yutaka [Juntendo University Nerima Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effective dose during abdominal three-dimensional (3D) imaging on phantoms and estimate the dose-area product (DAP) for effective dose conversion factors for three types of angiographic units. Three-dimensional imaging was performed for three sizes (small, medium, large) of human-shaped phantoms using three types of angiographic units (Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, AXIOM Artis dTA). We calculated 25 organ doses and effective doses using Monte Carlo technique for the three phantoms with a program for a personal computer. As benchmark studies to back up the results by Monte Carlo technique, we measured the organ doses directly on the small phantom using radiophotoluminescent glass dosimeters. The DAP value increased as the phantom size increased. The organ doses and the effective doses during the 3D imaging increased as the phantom size increased. The effective doses for the small phantom by Monte Carlo technique were 1.9, 2.2, and 2.1 mSv for the Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, and AXIOM Artis dTA, respectively, while those by direct measurement were 1.6, 2.0, and 2.6 mSv. The effective doses to DAP ratios by Monte Carlo technique were 0.37-0.45, 0.26-0.32, and 0.13-0.15 (mSv Gy{sup -1}cm{sup -2}) for the Allura Xper FD20/10, INNOVA 4100, and AXIOM Artis dTA, respectively. In conclusion, the effective doses during 3D imaging and the dose-to-DAP ratios differ among angiographic units, and the effective dose can be estimated using a proper conversion factor for each angiographic unit.

  14. ANL technical support program for DOE Office of Environmental Management. Annual report, October 1994--September 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bates, J.K.; Buck, E.C.; Dietz, N.L.; DiSanto, T.; Ebert, W.L. [and others

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A program was established for the DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are anticipated to affect waste glass reaction during repository disposal, especially in an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site. This report covers progress in FY 1995 on the following tasks: (1) Tests are ongoing to evaluate and compare the reactivity of fully radioactive glasses with that of glasses having the same compositions except for the absence of radionuclides under conditions representative of a high-level waste repository environment. Data from these tests will be used to evaluate the effect of radionuclides on the glass corrosion behavior and to determine the disposition of the radionuclides as the glass corrodes. Static dissolution tests and unsaturated tests are being conducted with several Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) and West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) glasses. (2) A series of static dissolution tests is being performed to compare the corrosion behavior of nuclear waste glasses made with SRL 131 and SRL 202 frits at different S/V ratios. The S/V ratio affects the extent to which dissolved glass species are diluted; the solution chemistry then affects continued glass dissolution. The solutions generated in tests at high S/V ratios are conducive to the formation of alteration phases that may be deleterious to the glass. After long time periods, the glass dissolution rates of both glasses increase coincidentally with the formation of analcime and other alteration phases. However, the release of radionuclides from the glasses into solution is controlled by their individual solubilities.

  15. Radionuclide Air Emissions Report for the Hanford Site Calendar Year 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ROKKAN, D.J.

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents radionuclide air emissions from the US. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Site in 1999 and the resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) member of the public. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61. National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities'', and with the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) Chapter 246-247. Radiation Protection-Air Emissions. The federal regulations in Subpart H of 40 CFR 61 require the measurement and reporting of radionuclides emitted from US. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities and the resulting offsite dose from those emissions. A standard of 10 mrem/yr effective dose equivalent (EDE) is imposed on them. The EDE to the MEI due to routine emissions in 1999 from Hanford Site point sources was 0.029 mrem (2.9 E-04 mSv), which is less than 0.3 percent of the federal standard. WAC 246-247 requires the reporting of radionuclide emissions from all Hanford Site sources, during routine as well as nonroutine operations. The state has adopted the 40 CFR 61 standard of 10 mrem/yr EDE into their regulations. The state further requires that the EDE to the MEI be calculated not only from point source emissions but also from diffuse and fugitive sources of emissions. The EDE from diffuse and fugitive emissions at the Hanford Site in 1999 was 0.039 mrem (3.9 E-04 mSv) EDE. The total dose from point sources and from diffuse and fugitive sources of radionuclide emissions during all operating conditions in 1999 was 0.068 mrem (6.8 E-04 mSv) EDE, which is less than 0.7 percent of the state standard.

  16. Assisting immigrants and refugees to learn more about mental health,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnamon, Gordon J.

    AM 519-667-6640 cAnAdiAn MentAL HeALtH ASSociAtion 519-434-9191 cHiLdren'S MentALHeALtH criSiS intAMiLy ServicetHAMeSvALLey 519-433-0183 London & diStrictdiStreSS centre · criSiS reSPonSe Line 519-433-2023 1 illness like asthma, diabetes or heart disease. illnesses need medical attention. it's okay to ask

  17. Environmental Aspects of Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles: Parametric Modeling and Preliminary Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yancey, Kristina D.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    High-enriched uranium, or uranium that has an enrichment of more than 20% 235U HLW High Level Waste, the highly radioactive materials produced by nuclear reactors MWe Megawatt electric, the amount of power entering the electrical grid LEU Low-enriched... uranium, or uranium that has an enrichment of less than 20% 235U Sievert Unit describing biological effects of radiation such that 1 Sievert is equal to 1 Joule/kilogram, abbreviated Sv tHM tonne Heavy Metal tonne A measurement of mass such that 1...

  18. A study of mechanization of the training of operators of complex semi-automatic machines as compared to existing methods of training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerloff, Don Gerald

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    egsaqg V DNINIVHZ ZO SGOHZZM ONIZSINZ 0~ GZHVdNOD SV SZNIHDVN DIZVROJllV Iiu -' M'IciliOJ =0 SHOTVHZHO HO ONIiiIVH= ZH= 0 NOI~VZINVHOZ ;, 0 San S V A STUDY OF MECHANIEATION OF THE TRAINING OF OPERATORS OF COMPLEX SEMI-AUTOMATIC MACHINES AS COMPARED... TO EXISTING METHODS OF TRAINING A Thesis DON GERALD GERLOFF Approved as to style and. content by: Chairman o omm ttee Head. of apartment August, 1960 ~ I PEPTIC TAIl l-ND BETTE'& C PHl. . F'l ~HAINI'. K IP. CHINEP . . 2 . I, 'CHT~TON A. HE HATNINC...

  19. The retroviral RNA dimer linkage: different structures may reflect different roles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greatorex, Jane S

    2004-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 2QQ, UK Email: Jane Greatorex* - jg10018@mole.bio.cam.ac.uk * Corresponding author Abstract Retroviruses are unique among virus families in having dimeric genomes. The RNA sequences and structures that link the two... stem-loop H1 (278–303) and new roles for stem-loops H2 (310–352) and H3 (355–374). Biochem-Page 8 of 10 (page number not for citation purposes) istry 1998, 37:6077-6085. 23. Rasmussen SV, Mikkelsen JG, Pedersen FS: Modulation of homo...

  20. A study of the market structure of the United States' rice industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farruk, Muhammad Osman

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Average. oost. to n~'il. ls for pruoessing and -;-'-: distiibuhing=. 100, 'pounds, of, rough rioe, south, , - 1956:-7+SV m'iI. i'm@ Season, . . ' . . . ' . & . . ', ;. ' . . : -":~, . -:85 "l8'. ''So674&rn' rioef: ' Avgrsg@, . ikey''@iL'l. 1ng, noses...L' in ', exploring "idcntif yf ng~:. iso~ '. , '%sting::;and at'taCking-. prOblemS -, in tbe 'area of indaatri, al-' '- organiaatxon~nd ~ormai+e of: the agrieaktnrak, :indnstr'ies are not, yet:mls;:developed a'nd precise, giehoxls-. made an important...

  1. Structural and functional alterations associated with transformation in rat ovarian cell model systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Echols, Jana Elizabeth

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reagents were purchased from Sigma Chemical Co. (St. Louis, MO). Tissue culture flasks and dishes were obtained from Corning Inc. (Oneonta, NY). Lab-Tek slides and LUX permanox dishes were obtained from Nunc (Naperville, IL). Bacto- agar was purchased... negative control, leaving pSV2neoineu as the experimental transfection. Briefly, 2 x 10' SIGC (passage 20) were plated onto 60mm culture dishes and allowed to grow 48 hours. Then 2 ug of plasmid DNA and 5 ul of Lipofectin together with 200 ul serum...

  2. "!#$%'&()$021436587 9A@BC5D9EBGFH@7I@P$Q1SRTUV WYX`$a'14RTbcRTde1SfGgihqprs%412tvuuw xyy Hd$yefygyTxheiHd$yecjqkl#mn$xhopyqn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosovichev, Alexander G.

    £¦£¡Ggihqprs%412tvu¨u¨w xyy Hd$yefygyTxheiHd$yecjqkl#mn$xhopyqn ersqrtTuTv¦w)w)xTy{z|tuf}r~r¨SxTw)xTyv yvC'nvYD8Sv chromospheric conditions is plotted in Fig. 1. "!Tv¦w Ë : # E$±%$YC'ÅC·ÉcA}{8Æ|'Y¦S®iÇ (¦ ÿ& £¢ ê æÁç2è å' ó ã ( For instance, in regions of sufficiently strong vertical mag- netic field, a series of shocks may lift

  3. Conditioning of the 4 Curies Radium-226 Sealed Radiation Source in Thailand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Punnachaiya, M.; Sawangsri, T.; Wanabongse, P.; Pruantonsai, P.; Nunjan, P.; Phattanasub, A.; Ya-Anant, N.; Thiangtrongjit, S. [Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP), Vibhavadi Rangsit Road, Chatuchak District, Bangkok 10900 (Thailand)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the conditioning of the 4 curies Radium-226 (Ra-226) sealed radiation source using as a teletherapy unit for cancer treatment in Thailand. The conditioning was under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) supervision and budgetary supports, comprised of 6 operational steps: the surface dose rate and actual dimension of radium unit measurements, the appropriate lead shielding design with IAEA approval, confirmation of radioactive contamination before conditioning (smear test and radon gas leakage test), transfer of radium source unit into the designed shielding, confirmation of radioactive contamination and dose rate measurement after conditioning, and transportation of Ra-226 conditioning waste package to OAP interim waste storage. The Ra-226 unit was taken out of OAP temporary waste storage for the surface dose rate and the actual dimension measurements behind the 12 inches thick heavy concrete shielding. The maximum measured surface dose rate was 70 R/hr. The special lead container was designed according to its surface dose rate along the source unit which the maximum permissible dose limit for surface dose rate of waste package after conditioning at 2 mSv/hr was applied. The IAEA approved container had total weight of 2.4 ton. After the confirmation of radioactive contamination, Ra-226 source unit was transferred and loaded in the designed lead shielding within 2 minutes. The results of smear test before and after conditioning including radon gas leakage test revealed that there was no radioactive contamination. After conditioning, the surface dose rate measured on the top, bottom were 15,10 mR/hr and varied from 6 - 50 mR/hr around lead container. The Ra-226 conditioning waste package was safely transported to store in OAP interim waste storage. Total working time including the time consumed for radon gas leakage test was 3.5 hours. The total radiation dose received by 16 operators, were ranged from 1 - 69.84 {mu}Sv and the operational team completed the conditioning safely within the effective dose limit for occupational exposure of 50 mSv/year (200 {mu}Sv/day). (authors)

  4. Supplement 19, Part 4, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Parasites: Nematoda and Acanthocephala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, Margie D.; Podani, Jule M.; Shaw, Judith H.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Hood, Martha W.

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (mucosa of proventriculus) Acuaria subula (Dujardin, Baron, P. J., 1967 a, figs. 1845) 1-3 life history British Isles Passer domesticus domes-ticus Schistocerca gregaria (exper.) Acuaria subula (Dujardin, I84.5) Passer montanus Picus canus..., Bhandari, B.j and Shrimali, Treatment ' L. N., 1969 a phenylene-di-iso-thiocyanate, children Ancylostoma duodenale, Bhandari, B.j and Singh, S.V., Treatment 1969 a phenylene di-isothiocyanate, human Ancylostoma duodenale,Treat- Campos, R.j et al, I960 a...

  5. Estimation of effective diffusion coefficients in porous catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulkarni, Shrikant Ulhas

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'usivities were obtained for diR'usion of toluene in zeolites LaZSM-5, FeZSM-5 and BZSM-5. The corrected difl'usivities obtained for the zeolites showed a, dependence on the concentrat1on of' adsorbed species. Uptake experiments were conducted f' or studying... diffusion of n- hexane in a type II crystalline titanate, and the intracrystalline diffusivities were found to be independent of the adsorbate concentration. sv ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to acknowledge my research advisor, Dr. R. G. Anthony...

  6. Verification of electrical spin injection into InGaAs two-dimensional electron gas from CoFe electrode by four-terminal non-local geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hidaka, S.; Kondo, T.; Akabori, M.; Yamada, S. [Center for Nano Materials and Technology (CNMT), Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), Asahidai, Nomi, Ishikawa 923-1292 (Japan)

    2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed electrical spin injection into In{sub 0.75}Ga{sub 0.25}As two-dimensional electron gases from Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2} electrodes by four-terminal non-local spin-valve (NLSV) measurement. We observed clear SV signals in NL resistance at 1.5 K. From the electrode spacing dependence of the signals, we estimated spin diffusion length and spin polarization to be ?5.1 ?m and ?5.7 %, respectively. These are larger than those reported in similar systems.

  7. A timing simulator for BICMOS, CMOS and BINMOS circuits and systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damodaran, Raguram

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /single output . . 107 108 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 1 Key SPICE device parameters 2 Parameters values for NMOS and PMOS with VDD=SV . . 42 47 3 Multiple technology inverter chain device sizings for Figure 46. . 4 BiCMOS identical inverter chain device... is =2V. The output voltage reaches its 50% level around the same time when the MOS 17 Vdd Pull- up section Mp Vill Ql Vin Mdt Vo Miv Md2 Vlt2 Pull-down section I Figure 1 BiCMOS inverter transistors are about to enter the linear region...

  8. Nuclear Power - Deployment, Operation and Sustainability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Plutonium Denaturing as an Effective Method for Nuclear Fuel Proliferation Protection in Open and Closed Fuel Cycles 331 Kryuchkov E.F., Tsvetkov P.V., Shmelev A.N., Apse V.A., Kulikov G.G., Masterov S.V., Kulikov E.G. and Glebov V.B Part 5 Thorium 363... Talbot Laboratory, Urbana, Illinois USA 1. Introduction T h e largest experien c e in operatin g nuclear power plants has been in nuclear naval propulsi o n , particul a r l y aircraft carriers and subma r i n e s . This accumul a t e d exper i e n c...

  9. Estimation of above-ground biomass and pod nutrition value for selective Prosopis species 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oduol, Peter Allan

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I I 22 3. Schematic diagram showing phosphorus treatment layout for study of the influence of phosphorus nutrition on biomass growth 23 xf APPENDIX TABLES Table Page A-l. Expected mean squares for biomass comparison *f f ~P p 79 A-2. E p t 2 2... to predict biomass for each individual standing tree. 22 Location: King sv i l le (Texas ) . 6 ~P* h lf- 0 f I 25 trees per cell. Sxs Latin square design. 5x5 m spacing. Col l 20m Row l 0627 0509 0372 0900 0372 0900 0509 0627 0509 0627 0900 0372...

  10. Shielding of a 3600 curie AmBe source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimes, Mary Jeanine

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is to be maintained at all times (Benedetto 1988). In the operating suites on the second floor, a dose equivalent rate of less than 0. 1 Sv/week is to be maintained as well (Benedetto 1988). There is to be a minimization of the transmission of prompt and delayed... energy is conserved, the interaction is called elastic scattering and can be denoted X(E)(n(R), n(E))X(E), vheze X denotes the tazget nucleus. If after a collision the nucleus remains in an excited state, the process is called inelastic scattering...

  11. Effective gamma-ray doses due to natural radiation from soils of southeastern Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silveira, M. A. G.; Moreira, R. H.; Bellini, B. S. [Centro Universitario da FEI, Sao Bernardo do Campo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Medina, N. H.; Aguiar, V. A. P. [Instituto de Fisica da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used gamma-ray spectrometry to study the distribution of natural radiation from soils of southeastern Brazil: Billings reservoir, Sao Bernardo do Campo Parks, Diadema Parks, Interlagos region, Sao Paulo, and soil from Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro beaches. In most of the regions studied we have found that the dose due the external exposure to gamma-rays, proceeding from natural terrestrial elements, are between the values 0.3 and 0.6 mSv/year, established by the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation.

  12. Absorbed Gamma-Ray Doses due to Natural Radionuclides in Building Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aguiar, Vitor A. P.; Medina, Nilberto H. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Moreira, Ramon H.; Silveira, Marcilei A. G. [Departamento de Fisica, Centro Universitario da FEI, Sao Bernardo do Campo, SP (Brazil)

    2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This work is devoted to the application of high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry in the study of the effective dose coming from naturally occurring radionuclides, namely {sup 40}K, {sup 232}Th and {sup 238}U, present in building materials such as sand, cement, and granitic gravel. Four models were applied to estimate the effective dose and the hazard indices. The maximum estimated effective dose coming from the three reference rooms considered is 0.90(45) mSv/yr, and maximum internal hazard index is 0.77(24), both for the compact clay brick reference room. The principal gamma radiation sources are cement, sand and bricks.

  13. Measurements of neutron dose equivalent for a proton therapy center using uniform scanning proton beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng Yuanshui; Liu Yaxi; Zeidan, Omar; Schreuder, Andries Niek; Keole, Sameer [ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); INTEGRIS Cancer Insititute, 5911 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Treatment Centers, 420 North Walnut Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Neutron exposure is of concern in proton therapy, and varies with beam delivery technique, nozzle design, and treatment conditions. Uniform scanning is an emerging treatment technique in proton therapy, but neutron exposure for this technique has not been fully studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the neutron dose equivalent per therapeutic dose, H/D, under various treatment conditions for uniform scanning beams employed at our proton therapy center. Methods: Using a wide energy neutron dose equivalent detector (SWENDI-II, ThermoScientific, MA), the authors measured H/D at 50 cm lateral to the isocenter as a function of proton range, modulation width, beam scanning area, collimated field size, and snout position. They also studied the influence of other factors on neutron dose equivalent, such as aperture material, the presence of a compensator, and measurement locations. They measured H/D for various treatment sites using patient-specific treatment parameters. Finally, they compared H/D values for various beam delivery techniques at various facilities under similar conditions. Results: H/D increased rapidly with proton range and modulation width, varying from about 0.2 mSv/Gy for a 5 cm range and 2 cm modulation width beam to 2.7 mSv/Gy for a 30 cm range and 30 cm modulation width beam when 18 Multiplication-Sign 18 cm{sup 2} uniform scanning beams were used. H/D increased linearly with the beam scanning area, and decreased slowly with aperture size and snout retraction. The presence of a compensator reduced the H/D slightly compared with that without a compensator present. Aperture material and compensator material also have an influence on neutron dose equivalent, but the influence is relatively small. H/D varied from about 0.5 mSv/Gy for a brain tumor treatment to about 3.5 mSv/Gy for a pelvic case. Conclusions: This study presents H/D as a function of various treatment parameters for uniform scanning proton beams. For similar treatment conditions, the H/D value per uncollimated beam size for uniform scanning beams was slightly lower than that from a passive scattering beam and higher than that from a pencil beam scanning beam, within a factor of 2. Minimizing beam scanning area could effectively reduce neutron dose equivalent for uniform scanning beams, down to the level close to pencil beam scanning.

  14. Indoor Humidity Analysis of an Integrated Radiant Cooling and Desiccant Ventilation System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, X.; Claridge, D. E.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of enthalpy F2 = Ideal isopotential line relative humidity pC = Specific heat capacity (Btu/lb*F) m = Mass flow rate lb/min genm& = Moisture generation lb lb/hr T = Temperature, oF or K rV = Space volume ft 3 sV& = Supplied... propagation characteristics. 8624 49 344.4 28651 w TF + ?= (5) 07969 49 1276360 wT ? (6) 1 1 1 11 1 o o F FF F ? ?=? (7) 1 1 2 22 2 o o F FF F ? ?=? (8) F1 and F2 correspond to isopotential lines of enthalpy and relative humidity. 1F and 2...

  15. Behavioural deficits in transgenic mice expressing human truncated (1–120 amino acid) alpha-synuclein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Katie; Yang, Sujeong; Sauchanka, Olga; Spillantini, Maria Grazia; Anichtchik, Oleg

    2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    -120 truncated alpha-synuclein and SV40 poly-A sequence were excised from the plasmid using Bst11071 and XhoI restriction enzymes and 30 ng/?l of DNA was injected into the pronucleus of oocytes in of B6CBAF1/J mice (Jackson Laboratories, USA). Six founders... available Coco-Pop pellet was hidden approximately 1 cm below the bedding in random locations on the opposite side of the cage, and the time spent to find the food pellet was recorded. The timer was stopped when the food pellet was held by both...

  16. Monthly Energy Review - September 2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighandSWPA / SPRA /Ml'.Solar Thermal Solar ThermalJul Energy3y 21 E n9)SV

  17. Savannah River Site environmental report for 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cummins, C.L.; Hetrick, C.S.; Stevenson, D.A. (eds.); Davis, H.A.; Martin, D.K.; Todd, J.L.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During 1988, as in previous years, Savannah River Site operations had no adverse impact on the general public or the environment. Based on the SRS site-specific code, the maximum radiation dose commitment to a hypothetical individual at the SRS boundary from 1988 SRS atmospheric releases of radioactive materials was 0.46 millirem (mrem) (0.0046 millisievert (mSv)). To obtain the maximum dose, an individual would have had to reside on the SRS boundary at the location of highest dose for 24 hours per day, 365 days per year, consume a maximum amount of foliage and meat which originated from the general vicinity of the plant boundary, and drink a maximum amount of milk from cows grazing at the plant boundary. The average radiation dose commitment from atmospheric releases to the hypothetical individual on the SRS boundary in 1988 was 0.18 mrem (0. 0018 mSv). This person, unlike the maximumly exposed individual, consumes an average amount of foliage, meat, and milk which originated from the foliage and animals living at the plant boundary.

  18. Studsvik Processing Facility Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mason, J. B.; Oliver, T. W.; Hill, G. M.; Davin, P. F.; Ping, M. R.

    2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Studsvik has completed over four years of operation at its Erwin, TN facility. During this time period Studsvik processed over 3.3 million pounds (1.5 million kgs) of radioactive ion exchange bead resin, powdered filter media, and activated carbon, which comprised a cumulative total activity of 18,852.5 Ci (6.98E+08 MBq). To date, the highest radiation level for an incoming resin container has been 395 R/hr (3.95 Sv/h). The Studsvik Processing Facility (SPF) has the capability to safely and efficiently receive and process a wide variety of solid and liquid Low Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) streams including: Ion Exchange Resins (IER), activated carbon (charcoal), graphite, oils, solvents, and cleaning solutions with contact radiation levels of up to 400 R/hr (4.0 Sv/h). The licensed and heavily shielded SPF can receive and process liquid and solid LLRWs with high water and/or organic content. This paper provides an overview of the last four years of commercial operations processing radioactive LLRW from commercial nuclear power plants. Process improvements and lessons learned will be discussed.

  19. Wide-Field Lensing Mass Maps from DES Science Verification Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vikram, V; Jain, B; Bacon, D; Amara, A; Becker, M; Bernstein, G; Bonnett, C; Bridle, S; Brout, D; Busha, M; Frieman, J; Gaztanaga, E; Hartley, W; Jarvis, M; Kacprzak, T; Lahav, O; Leistedt, B; Lin, H; Melchior, P; Peiris, H; Rozo, E; Rykoff, E; Sanchez, C; Sheldon, E; Troxel, M; Wechsler, R; Zuntz, J; Abbott, T; Abdalla, F B; Armstrong, R; Banerji, M; Bauer, A H; Benoit-Levy, A; Bertin, E; Brooks, D; Buckley-Geer, E; Burke, D L; Capozzi, D; Rosell, A Carnero; Kind, M Carrasco; Castander, F J; Crocce, M; D'Andrea, C B; da Costa, L N; DePoy, D L; Desai, S; Diehl, H T; Dietrich, J P; Cunha, C E; Estrada, J; Evrard, A E; Neto, A Fausti; Fernandez, E; Flaugher, B; Fosalba, P; Gerdes, D; Gruen, D; Gruendl, R A; Honscheid, K; James, D; Kent, S; Kuehn, K; Kuropatkin, N; Li, T S; Maia, M A G; Makler, M; March, M; Marshall, J; Martini, Paul; Merritt, K W; Miller, C J; Miquel, R; Neilsen, E; Nichol, R C; Nord, B; Ogando, R; Plazas, A A; Romer, A K; Roodman, A; Sanchez, E; Scarpine, V; Sevilla, I; Smith, R C; Soares-Santos, M; Sobreira, F; Suchyta, E; Swanson, M E C; Tarle, G; Thaler, J; Thomas, D; Walker, A R; Weller, J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Weak gravitational lensing allows one to reconstruct the spatial distribution of the projected mass density across the sky. These "mass maps" provide a powerful tool for studying cosmology as they probe both luminous and dark matter. In this paper, we present a weak lensing mass map reconstructed from shear measurements in a 139 deg^2 area from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Science Verification (SV) data overlapping with the South Pole Telescope survey. We compare the distribution of mass with that of the foreground distribution of galaxies and clusters. The overdensities in the reconstructed map correlate well with the distribution of optically detected clusters. Cross-correlating the mass map with the foreground galaxies from the same DES SV data gives results consistent with mock catalogs that include the primary sources of statistical uncertainties in the galaxy, lensing, and photo-z catalogs. The statistical significance of the cross-correlation is at the 6.8 sigma level with 20 arcminute smoothing. A maj...

  20. Hanford Immobilized LAW Product Acceptance: Initial Tanks Focus Area Testing Data Package

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vienna, John D.; Jiricka, Antonin; McGrail, B. Peter; Jorgensen, Benaiah M.; Smith, Donald E.; Allen, Benjamin R.; Marra, James C.; Peeler, David K.; Brown, Kevin G.; Reamer, I. A.; Ebert, W. L.

    2000-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A matrix of 55 glasses was developed and tested with the aim to identify the impact of glass composition on the long-term corrosion behavior and to develop an acceptable low-activity waste glass composition region. Of the 55 glasses, 45 were designed to systematically vary the glass composition and 10 were selected because large and growing databases on their corrosion characteristics had accumulated. The performance of these 55 glasses in the vapor-phase hydration test (VHT) and product consistency test (PCT) were characterized. VHT's were performed at temperatures between 150?C and 300?C for times up to 280 days; preliminary corrosion rates and type of alteration products were identified. PCTs were performed at 90?C with glass surface area's to solution volumes (S/V) of 2000 m-1 for 7 days and S/V of 20 000 m-1 for 10 h, 100 h, and 1000 h. The corrosion extents by PCT were determined as functions of time from solution composition analyses.

  1. Reversible immortalization of Nestin-positive precursor cells from pancreas and differentiation into insulin-secreting cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, Pei; Li, Li; Qi, Hui [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China)] [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China); Zhou, Han-xin [Department of General Surgery, First Hospital (Shenzhen Second People's Hospital) of Shenzhen University, 518020 Shenzhen (China)] [Department of General Surgery, First Hospital (Shenzhen Second People's Hospital) of Shenzhen University, 518020 Shenzhen (China); Deng, Chun-yan [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China)] [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China); Li, Fu-rong, E-mail: frli62@yahoo.com [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China) [The Clinical Medical Research Center, The Second Clinical Medical College (Shenzhen People's Hospital), Jinan University, 518020 Shenzhen (China); Shenzhen Institution of Gerontology, 518020 Shenzhen (China)

    2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The NPPCs from mouse pancreas were isolated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tet-on system for SV40 large in NPPCs was used to get RINPPCs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The RINPPCs can undergo at least 80 population doublings without senescence. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The RINPPCs can be induced to differentiate into insulin-producing cells. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The combination of GLP-1 and sodium butyrate promoted the differentiation process. -- Abstract: Pancreatic stem cells or progenitor cells posses the ability of directed differentiation into pancreatic {beta} cells. However, these cells usually have limited proliferative capacity and finite lifespan in vitro. In the present study, Nestin-positive progenitor cells (NPPCs) from mouse pancreas that expressed the pancreatic stem cells or progenitor cell marker Nestin were isolated to obtain a sufficient number of differentiated pancreatic {beta} cells. Tet-on system for SV40 large T-antigen expression in NPPCs was used to achieve reversible immortalization. The reversible immortal Nestin-positive progenitor cells (RINPPCs) can undergo at least 80 population doublings without senescence in vitro while maintaining their biological and genetic characteristics. RINPPCs can be efficiently induced to differentiate into insulin-producing cells that contain a combination of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and sodium butyrate. The results of the present study can be used to explore transplantation therapy of type I diabetes mellitus.

  2. Comparison of Subantarctic Mode Water and Antarctic Intermediate Water formation rates in the South Pacific between NCAR-CCSM4 and observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartin, Corinne A.; Fine, Rana A.; Kamenkovich, Igor; Sloyan, Bernadette M.

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Average formation rates for Subantarctic Mode (SAMW) and Antarctic Intermediate Waters (AAIW) in the South Pacific are calculated from the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model version 4 (NCAR-CCSM4), using chlorofluorocarbon inventories. CFC-12 inventories and formation rates are compared to ocean observations. CCSM4 accurately simulates the southeast Pacific as the main formation region for SAMW and AAIW. CCSM4 formation rates for SAMW are 3.4 Sv, about half of the observational rate. Shallow mixed layers and a thinner SAMW in CCSM4 are responsible for lower formation rates. A formation rate of 8.1 Sv for AAIW in CCSM4 is higher than observations. Higher inventories in CCSM4 in the southwest and central Pacific, and higher surface concentrations are the main reasons for higher formation rates of AAIW. This comparison of model and observations is useful for understanding the uptake and transport of other gases, e.g., CO2 by the model.

  3. RADIOACTIVITY DOSAGE OF ORNAMENTAL GRANITIC ROCKS BASED ON CHEMICAL, MINERALOGICAL AND LITHOLOGICAL DATA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salas, H.T.; Nalini, H.A. Jr.; Mendes, J.C.

    2004-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    One hundred samples of granitic rock were collected from granite traders in Belo Horizonte. Autoradiography, optical microscopy, diffractometry, and chemical analysis (X-ray spectrometry, X-ray fluorescence, neutron activation, gravimetry and electron probe microanalysis) were used to determine the mineral assemblages and lithotypes. Autoradiographic results for several samples showed the presence of monazite, allanite and zircon. Chemical analysis revealed concentrations of uranium of {le} 30ppm, and thorium {le} 130ppm. Higher concentrations generally correlated with high concentrations of light rare earths in silica-rich rocks of granitic composition. Calculations were made of radioactive doses for floor tiles in a standard room for samples with total concentration of uranium and thorium greater than 60ppm. On the basis of calculations of {sup 232}Th, {sup 40}K and {sup 226}Ra from Th, K and U analysis, the doses calculated were between 0.11 and 0.34 mSv/year, which are much lower than the acceptable international exposure standard of 1.0 mSv/year.

  4. Release of Residues from Melting NORM-Contaminated Steel Scrap - A German Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quade, U.; Thierfeldt, S.; Wvrlen, S.

    2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    As many raw materials like crude oil, natural gas, mineral sands, phosphor ores and others are contaminated by radionuclides from the Uranium and/or Thorium decay chain (NORM), also plants for processing these materials became contaminated during operation. When plants are shut down, large quantities of pipes, valves, pumps and other components have to be scrapped. As scrap yards and steel mills are equipped by large detector systems to avoid an input of radioactivity into the steel cycle, decontamination is required before recycling. Siempelkamp is operating a melting plant for processing NORM and/or chemically/ toxically contaminated steel scrap. Beside the decontaminated steel as output, residues like slag and filter dust have to be managed within the range of licensed values. Based on the European Safety Standard the European member states have to implement radiation exposure from work activities with NORM in their Radiation Protection Ordinances (RPO). The German government revised the RPO in July 2001. Part 3 describes exposure limits for workers and for the public. Exposures from residues management have to meet 1 mSv/year. Brenk Systemplanung has performed calculations for assessing the radiation exposure from residues of the Siempelkamp melting plant. These calculations have been based on the input of metal from different origins and include all relevant exposure pathways in a number of scenarios. The calculations have been based on the dose criterion of 1 mSv/y as required by the German RPO. The methods and results will be presented.

  5. Rho GTPase activity modulates paramyxovirus fusion protein-mediated cell-cell fusion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schowalter, Rachel M. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States); Wurth, Mark A. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States); Aguilar, Hector C. [Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Lee, Benhur [Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Moncman, Carole L. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States); McCann, Richard O. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States); Dutch, Rebecca Ellis [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, 741 South Limestone, Lexington, KY 40536-0509 (United States)]. E-mail: rdutc2@uky.edu

    2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The paramyxovirus fusion protein (F) promotes fusion of the viral envelope with the plasma membrane of target cells as well as cell-cell fusion. The plasma membrane is closely associated with the actin cytoskeleton, but the role of actin dynamics in paramyxovirus F-mediated membrane fusion is unclear. We examined cell-cell fusion promoted by two different paramyxovirus F proteins in three cell types in the presence of constitutively active Rho family GTPases, major cellular coordinators of actin dynamics. Reporter gene and syncytia assays demonstrated that expression of either Rac1{sup V12} or Cdc42{sup V12} could increase cell-cell fusion promoted by the Hendra or SV5 glycoproteins, though the effect was dependent on the cell type expressing the viral glycoproteins. In contrast, RhoA{sup L63} decreased cell-cell fusion promoted by Hendra glycoproteins but had little affect on SV5 F-mediated fusion. Also, data suggested that GTPase activation in the viral glycoprotein-containing cell was primarily responsible for changes in fusion. Additionally, we found that activated Cdc42 promoted nuclear rearrangement in syncytia.

  6. Special Analysis of the Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site at the Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    National Security Technologies, LLC, Environmental Management

    2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the methods and results of a special analysis (SA) of the Area 3 Radioactive Waste Management Site (RWMS) on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The purpose of the SA is to determine if the approved performance assessment (PA) and composite analysis (CA) (Shott et al., 2001) remain valid. The Area 3 RWMS PA and CA were prepared as a single document and received conditional approval on October 6, 1999. A conditional Disposal Authorization Statement (DAS) for the Area 3 RWMS was issued on October 20, 1999. Since preparation of the approved PA and CA, new information and additional environmental monitoring data have been used to update the PA and CA. At the same time, continual advancements in computer processors and software have allowed improvement to the PA and CA models. Annual reviews of the PA and CA required by U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Order DOE O 435.1 have documented multiple changes occurring since preparation of the PA and CA. Potentially important changes include: Development of a new and improved baseline PA and CA model implemented in the probabilistic GoldSim simulation platform. A significant increase in the waste inventory disposed at the site. Revision and updating of model parameters based on additional years of site monitoring data and new research and development results. Although changes have occurred, many important PA/CA issues remain unchanged, including the site conceptual model, important features, events, and processes, and the points of compliance. The SA is performed to document the current status of the PA/CA model and to quantitatively assess the impact of cumulative changes on the PA and CA results. The results of the SA are used to assess the validity of the approved PA/CA and make a determination if revision of the PA or CA is necessary. The SA was performed using the Area 3 RWMS, version 2.102, GoldSim model, the current baseline PA/CA model. Comparison of the maximum SA results with the PA performance objectives indicates that there continues to be a reasonable expectation of compliance. The resident exposure scenario was evaluated for compliance with the air pathway and all-pathways annual total effective dose (TED) performance objectives. The maximum mean air pathway TED, 7E-6 millisievert (mSv) at 1,000 years (y) has decreased relative to the approved PA and is significantly less than the 0.1 mSv limit. The maximum mean all-pathways annual TED, 7E-5 mSv at 1,000 y has increased but remains a small fraction of the 0.25 mSv limit. The SA maximum mean radon-222 (222Rn) flux density, 0.03 becquerel per square meter per second (Bq m-2 s-1), has increased relative to the PA results but is significantly less than the 0.74 Bq m-2 s-1 limit. The SA results continue to support a conclusion that the disposed waste inventory is protective of intruders and groundwater resources. The maximum mean intruder TED, 0.01 mSv for an acute construction scenario at the U-3ah/at disposal unit, was less than the 5 mSv performance measure. Site monitoring data and research results continue to support a conclusion that a groundwater pathway will not exist within the 1,000 y compliance period. Projected releases to the environment are a small fraction of the performance objectives. Cost-effective options for reducing releases further are unlikely to exist. Therefore, releases from the Area 3 RWMS are judged to be as low as reasonably achievable. Comparison of the maximum CA result with the 0.3 mSv CA dose constraint indicates that no action is required to reduce the dose from the Area 3 RWMS and all interacting sources of residual radioactive contamination. The SA maximum mean CA annual TED, 0.02 mSv at 1,000 y, has increased from the approved CA result but remains less than 10% of the dose constraint. The CA TED continues to be due predominantly to inhalation of plutonium-239 resuspended from soils contaminated by nuclear weapons tests conducted near the Area 3 RWMS. The SA results estimated with the Area 3 RWMS version 2.102 model indicate that changes to the PA and CA do not

  7. SU-E-I-15: Comparison of Radiation Dose for Radiography and EOS in Adolescent Scoliosis Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schueler, B; Walz-Flannigan, A [Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To estimate patient radiation dose for whole spine imaging using EOS, a new biplanar slot-scanning radiographic system and compare with standard scoliosis radiography. Methods: The EOS imaging system (EOS Imaging, Paris, France) consists of two orthogonal x-ray fan beams which simultaneously acquire frontal and lateral projection images of a standing patient. The patient entrance skin air kerma was measured for each projection image using manufacturer-recommended exposure parameters for spine imaging. Organ and effective doses were estimated using a commercially-available Monte Carlo simulation program (PCXMC, STUK, Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki, Finland) for a 15 year old mathematical phantom model. These results were compared to organ and effective dose estimated for scoliosis radiography using computed radiography (CR) with standard exposure parameters obtained from a survey of pediatric radiographic projections. Results: The entrance skin air kerma for EOS was found to be 0.18 mGy and 0.33 mGy for posterior-anterior (PA) and lateral projections, respectively. This compares to 0.76 mGy and 1.4 mGy for CR, PA and lateral projections. Effective dose for EOS (PA and lateral projections combined) is 0.19 mSv compared to 0.51 mSv for CR. Conclusion: The EOS slot-scanning radiographic system allows for reduced patient radiation dose in scoliosis patients as compared to standard CR radiography.

  8. Hanford Immobilized LAW Product Acceptance Testing: Tanks Focus Area Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vienna, John D.; Hrma, Pavel R.; Jiricka, Antonin; Smith, Donald E.; Lorier, Troy H.; Reamer, Irene A.; Schulz, Rebecca L.

    2001-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Immobilizing low-activity waste (LAW) stored at Hanford site will result in approximately 200 000 m3 of waste glass. It must be demonstrated that this glass can adequately retain radionuclides and prevent contamination of the surrounding environment. A study is being performed to determine the effect of glass composition on its capability to withstand the conditions in the Hanford site burial scenario. To predict the long-term corrosion behavior of waste glass, it is necessary to study the composition and properties of alteration products. The vapor hydration test (VHT) and product consistency test (PCT) were selected as the methods to accelerate the corrosion process and to form alteration products. VHT and PCT was performed on 75 glasses, of which 45 were designed to systematically vary the composition. VHTs were conducted at temperatures ranging from 90?C to 300?C. Alteration rates for most glasses are being determined at 200?C. Selected glasses were tested at different temperatures to determine the effect of temperature on the assemblage of alteration products and the apparent alteration rates. PCTs were performed at a glass surface area to solution volume ratio (S/V) of 2000 m-1 for 7 d and at a S/V of 20 000 m-1 for 10, 100, 1000, 5000, and 10000 h all at 90?C.

  9. Decontamination and dismantlement of the building 594 waste ion exchange facility at Argonne National Laboratory-East project final report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiese, E. C.

    1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Building 594 D&D Project was directed toward the following goals: Removal of any radioactive and hazardous materials associated with the Waste Ion Exchange Facility; Decontamination of the Waste Ion Exchange Facility to unrestricted use levels; Demolition of Building 594; and Documentation of all project activities affecting quality (i.e., waste packaging, instrument calibration, audit results, and personnel exposure) These goals had been set in order to eliminate the radiological and hazardous safety concerns inherent in the Waste Ion Exchange Facility and to allow, upon completion of the project, unescorted and unmonitored access to the area. The ion exchange system and the resin contained in the system were the primary areas of concern, while the condition of the building which housed the system was of secondary concern. ANL-E health physics technicians characterized the Building 594 Waste Ion Exchange Facility in September 1996. The characterization identified a total of three radionuclides present in the Waste Ion Exchange Facility with a total activity of less than 5 {micro}Ci (175 kBq). The radionuclides of concern were Co{sup 60}, Cs{sup 137}, and Am{sup 241}. The highest dose rates observed during the project were associated with the resin in the exchange vessels. DOE Order 5480.2A establishes the maximum whole body exposure for occupational workers at 5 rem (50 mSv)/yr; the administrative limit at ANL-E is 1 rem/yr (10 mSv/yr).

  10. Internal dose following a major nuclear war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, K.R.; Shapiro, C.S. (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (Unites States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The PATHWAY model results were used, in conjunction with a hypothetical major nuclear attack on the U.S., to arrive at the ratio of internal to external dose for humans from early (48 h) fallout. Considered were the four nuclides (137Cs, 89Sr, 90Sr, 131I) that account for most of the reconstructed whole-body committed equivalent dose from internal radiation in people who lived downwind of the Nevada Test Site during atmospheric tests. Effects of climate perturbations (the 'nuclear winter' effect) on food crops were considered. These could increase internal dose estimates, depending on the severity of the climate perturbations. Internal and external doses to humans for 10 locations within the U.S. have been calculated, with varying local conditions and varying assumption about their shelters. The estimated 50-y internal dose commitment ranged from 0.0-0.17 Sv, the 48-h external dose from 0.15-4.6 Sv. The resultant ratios of internal to external committed dose received in the first months (until food transport was restored) varied from less than 0.01 to about 0.2. In all cases examined, the total dose from early fallout was found to be dominated by the external dose.

  11. Radionuclide decay effects on waste glass corrosion and weathering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wronkiewicz, D.J.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The release of glass components into solution, including radionuclides, may be influenced by the presence of radiolytically produced nitric acid, carboxylic acid, and transient water dissociation products such as {center_dot}OH and O{sub 2}{sup {minus}}. Under batch test conditions, glass corrosion has been shown to increase up to a maximum of three-to five-fold in irradiated tests relative to nonirradiated tests, while in other studies the presence of radiolytic products has actually decreased glass corrosion rates. Bicarbonate groundwaters will buffer against pH decreases and changes in corrosion rates. Under high surface area-to-solution volume (S/V) conditions, the bicarbonate buffering reservoir may be quickly overwhelmed by radiolytic acids that are concentrated in the thin films of water contacting the samples. Glass reaction rates have been shown to increase up to 10-to-15-fold due to radiation exposure under high S/V conditions. Radiation damage to solid glass materials results in bond damage and atomic displacements. This type of damage has been shown to increase the release rates of glass components up to four-fold during subsequent corrosion tests, although under actual disposal conditions, glass annealing processes may negate the solid radiation damage effects.

  12. Radiation Exposure to Patient and Staff in Hepatic Chemoembolization: Risk Estimation of Cancer and Deterministic Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hidajat, Nico, E-mail: nico.hidajat@gmx.de; Wust, Peter; Felix, Roland; Schroeder, Ralf Juergen [Charite Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Humboldt-University of Berlin, Department of Radiology (Germany)

    2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the study was to determine the risks of radiation-induced cancer and deterministic effects for the patient and staff in transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Sixty-five patients with HCC underwent the first cycle of TACE. Thermoluminescence dosemeters and conversion factors were used to measure surface doses and to calculate organ doses and effective dose. For the patient, the risk of fatal cancer and severe genetic defect was in the magnitude of 10{sup -4} and 10{sup -5}, respectively. Five patients showed surface doses over the first lumbar vertebra exceeding 2000 mSv and 45 patients showed doses over the spine or the liver region above 500 mSv. The risk of fatal cancer and severe genetic defect for the radiologist and assistant was in the magnitude of 10{sup -7} to 10{sup -8}. They could exceed the threshold for lens opacity in the case of more than 490 and 1613 TACE yearly for a period of many years, respectively. Radiation dose could lead to local transient erythema and/or local depression of hematopoiesis in many patients after TACE. For the radiologist and assistant, risk of fatal cancer and genetic defect and lens opacity might arise when they perform interventions such as TACE intensively.

  13. Ranking of four potential nuclear power plant sites in Iraq according to the collective dose criterion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marouf, B.A.; Al-Kateeb, G.H.; Al-Ani, D.S. [and others

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The collective dose criterion was used to rank four potential nuclear power-plant sites. Baiji, Al-Mahzam, Al-Abbasia, and Abu-Dalaf. Atmospheric as well as aquatic releases of radionuclides into the environment from the VVER 440 nuclear power plant during normal operation were used to estimate the collective dose equivalents. The results indicated that the collective doses at Baiji, Al-Mahzam, Al-Abbasia, and Abu-Dalaf were 3.6 x 10{sup -2}, 4.7 x 10{sup -2}, 1.1 x 10{sup -1}, and 1.2 x 10{sup -1} man-Sv, respectively. Thus the order of preference is Baiji, Al-Mahzam, Al-Abbasia, and Abu-Dalaf. The effective dose equivalents to the highest exposed individual resulting from atmospheric as well as aquatic releases of radionuclides from the reactor at any one of the four potential nuclear power-plant sites would not exceed 2 x 10{sup -5} Sv/yr. Thus any one of the four sites is suitable for the operation of the 440 nuclear power plants. 27 refs., 1 tab.

  14. Transforming on-grid renewable energy markets. A review of UNDP-GEF support for feed-in tariffs and related price and market-access instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glemarec, Yannick; Rickerson, Wilson; Waissbein, Oliver

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As a Global Environment Facility (GEF) founding implementing agency, UNDP has worked on over 230 GEF-supported clean energy projects in close to 100 developing countries since 1992. About 100 of these projects in 80 countries have focused on renewable energy, supported by approximately US $ 293 million in GEF funds and leveraging US $1.48 billion in associated co-financing from national governments, international organizations, the private sector and non-governmental organizations. As part of UNDP efforts to codify and share lessons learnt from these initiatives, this report addresses how scarce public resources can be used to catalyze larger private financial flows for renewable energy. It provides an overview of UNDP-GEF’s extensive work supporting development of national renewable energy policies such as feed-in tariffs. In these activities UNDP-GEF assists developing countries to assess key risks and barriers to technology diffusion and then to identify a mix of policy and financial de-risking measures to remove these barriers and drive investment. This approach is illustrated through three case studies in Uruguay, Mauritius and Kazakhstan. This report is complemented by a companion publication presenting an innovative UNDP financial modeling tool to assist policymakers in appraising different public instruments to promote clean energy.

  15. Updated Mortality Analysis of Radiation Workers at Rocketdyne (Atomics International), 1948-2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boice Jr JD, Colen SS, Mumma MT, Ellis ED, Eckerman DF, Leggett RW, Boecker BB, Brill B, Henderson BE

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Updated analyses of mortality data are presented on 46,970 workers employed 1948-1999 at Rocketdyne (Atomics International). Overall, 5,801 workers were involved in radiation activities, including 2,232 who were monitored for intakes of radionuclides, and 41,169 workers were engaged in rocket testing or other non-radiation activities. The worker population is unique in that lifetime occupational doses from all places of employment were sought, updated and incorporated into the analyses. Further, radiation doses from intakes of 14 different radionuclides were calculated for 16 organs or tissues using biokinetic models of the International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP). Because only negligible exposures were received by the 247 workers monitored for radiation activities after 1999, the mean dose from external radiation remained essentially the same at 13.5 mSv (maximum 1 Sv) as reported previously, as did the mean lung dose from external and internal radiation combined at 19.0 mSv (maximum 3.6 Sv). An additional 9 years of follow-up, from December 31,1999 through 2008, increased the person-years of observation for the radiation workers by 21.7% to 196,674 (mean 33.9 years) and the number of cancer deaths by 50% to 684. Analyses included external comparisons with the general population and the computation of standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and internal comparisons using proportional hazards models and the computation of relative risks (RRs). A low SMR for all causes of death (SMR 0.82; 95% CI 0.78-0.85) continued to indicate that the Rocketdyne radiation workers were healthier than the general population and were less likely to die. The SMRs for all cancers taken together (SMR 0.88; 95% CI 0.81-0.95), lung cancer (SMR 0.87; 95% CI 0.76-1.00) and leukemia other than chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (SMR 1.04; 95% 0.67-1.53) were not significantly elevated. Cox regression analyses revealed no significant dose-response trends for any cancer. For all cancers excluding leukemia, the RR at 100 mSv was estimated as 0.98 (95% CI 0.82-1.17), and for all leukemia other than CLL it was 1.06 (95% CI 0.50-2.23). Uranium was the primary radionuclide contributing to internal exposures, but no significant increases in lung and kidney disease were seen. The extended follow-up reinforces the findings in the previous study in failing to observe a detectable increase in cancer deaths associated with radiation, but strong conclusions still cannot be drawn because of small numbers and relatively low career doses. Larger combined studies of early workers in the United States using similar methodologies are warranted to refine and clarify radiation risks after protracted exposures.

  16. Slip and Dilation Tendency Anlysis of Neal Hot Springs Geothermal Area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Slip and Dilation Tendency in focus areas Critically stressed fault segments have a relatively high likelihood of acting as fluid flow conduits (Sibson, 1994). As such, the tendency of a fault segment to slip (slip tendency; Ts; Morris et al., 1996) or to dilate (dilation tendency; Td; Ferrill et al., 1999) provides an indication of which faults or fault segments within a geothermal system are critically stressed and therefore likely to transmit geothermal fluids. The slip tendency of a surface is defined by the ratio of shear stress to normal stress on that surface: Ts = ? / ?n (Morris et al., 1996). Dilation tendency is defined by the stress acting normal to a given surface: Td = (?1-?n) / (?1-?3) (Ferrill et al., 1999). Slip and dilation were calculated using 3DStress (Southwest Research Institute). Slip and dilation tendency are both unitless ratios of the resolved stresses applied to the fault plane by ambient stress conditions. Values range from a maximum of 1, a fault plane ideally oriented to slip or dilate under ambient stress conditions to zero, a fault plane with no potential to slip or dilate. Slip and dilation tendency values were calculated for each fault in the focus study areas at, McGinness Hills, Neal Hot Springs, Patua, Salt Wells, San Emidio, and Tuscarora on fault traces. As dip is not well constrained or unknown for many faults mapped in within these we made these calculations using the dip for each fault that would yield the maximum slip tendency or dilation tendency. As such, these results should be viewed as maximum tendency of each fault to slip or dilate. The resulting along-fault and fault-to-fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault-to-fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005) as well as local stress information if applicable. For faults within these focus systems we applied either a normal faulting stress regime where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin) or strike-slip faulting stress regime where the maximum horizontal stress (shmax) is larger than the vertical stress (sv) which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (shmax >sv>shmin) depending on the general tectonic province of the system. Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46, which are consistent with complete and partial stress field determinations from Desert Peak, Coso, the Fallon area and Dixie valley (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson-Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2011; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012). Based on inversion of fault kinematic data, Edwards (2013) interpreted that two discrete stress orientations are preserved at Neal Hot Springs. An older episode of east-west directed extension and a younger episode of southwest-northeast directed sinistral, oblique -normal extension. This interpretation is consistent with the evolution of Cenozoic tectonics in the region (Edwards, 2013). As such we applied a southwest-northeast (060) directed normal faulting stress regime, consistent with the younger extensional episode, to the Neal Hot Springs faults. Under these stress conditions northeast striking steeply dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to dilate and northeast striking 60° dipping fault segments have the highest tendency to slip. Under these stress condition...

  17. Regional Slip Tendency Analysis of the Great Basin Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faulds, James E.

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Slip and dilation tendency on the Great Basin fault surfaces (from the USGS Quaternary Fault Database) were calculated using 3DStress (software produced by Southwest Research Institute). Slip and dilation tendency are both unitless ratios of the resolved stresses applied to the fault plane by the measured ambient stress field. - Values range from a maximum of 1 (a fault plane ideally oriented to slip or dilate under ambient stress conditions) to zero (a fault plane with no potential to slip or dilate). - Slip and dilation tendency values were calculated for each fault in the Great Basin. As dip is unknown for many faults in the USGS Quaternary Fault Database, we made these calculations using the dip for each fault that would yield the maximum slip or dilation tendency. As such, these results should be viewed as maximum slip and dilation tendency. - The resulting along?fault and fault?to?fault variation in slip or dilation potential is a proxy for along fault and fault?to?fault variation in fluid flow conduit potential. Stress Magnitudes and directions were calculated across the entire Great Basin. Stress field variation within each focus area was approximated based on regional published data and the world stress database (Hickman et al., 2000; Hickman et al., 1998 Robertson?Tait et al., 2004; Hickman and Davatzes, 2010; Davatzes and Hickman, 2006; Blake and Davatzes 2011; Blake and Davatzes, 2012; Moeck et al., 2010; Moos and Ronne, 2010 and Reinecker et al., 2005). The minimum horizontal stress direction (Shmin) was contoured, and spatial bins with common Shmin directions were calculated. Based on this technique, we subdivided the Great Basin into nine regions (Shmin <070, 070140). Slip and dilation tendency were calculated using 3DStress for the faults within each region using the mean Shmin for the region. Shmin variation throughout Great Basin are shown on Figure 3. For faults within the Great Basin proper, we applied a normal faulting stress regime, where the vertical stress (sv) is larger than the maximum horizontal stress (shmax), which is larger than the minimum horizontal stress (sv>shmax>shmin). Based on visual inspection of the limited stress magnitude data in the Great Basin, we used magnitudes such that shmin/shmax = .527 and shmin/sv= .46. These values are consistent with stress magnitude data at both Dixie Valley (Hickman et al., 2000) and Yucca Mountain (Stock et al., 1985). For faults within the Walker Lane/Eastern California Shear Zone, we applied a strike?slip faulting stress, where shmax > sv > shmin. Upon visual inspection of limited stress magnitude data from the Walker Lane and Eastern California Shear zone, we chose values such that SHmin/SHmax = .46 and Shmin/Sv= .527 representative of the region. Results: The results of our slip and dilation tendency analysis are shown in Figures 4 (dilation tendency), 5 (slip tendency) and 6 (slip tendency + dilation tendency). Shmin varies from northwest to east?west trending throughout much of the Great Basin. As such, north? to northeast?striking faults have the highest tendency to slip and to dilate, depending on the local trend of shmin. These results provide a first order filter on faults and fault systems in the Great Basin, affording focusing of local?scale exploration efforts for blind or hidden geothermal resources.

  18. Hanford Site Air Operating Permit Application Supplemental Information [Sec 1 Thru 5] Vol 1 Thru 3 Appendices A Thru C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CURN, B.L.

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents radionuclide air emissions from the Hanford Site in 1998 and the resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) member of the public. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (40 CFR 61), Subpart H: ''National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities,'' and with the Washington Administrative Code Chapter 246247, Radiation Protection - Air Emissions. The federal regulations in 40 CFR 61, Subpart H, require the measurement and reporting of radionuclides emitted from Department of Energy facilities and the resulting offsite dose from those emissions. A standard of 10 mrem/yr effective dose equivalent (EDE) is imposed on them. The EDE to the MEI due to routine emissions in 1998 from Hanford Site point sources was 1.3 E-02 mrem (1.3 E-04 mSv). which is 0.13 percent of the federal standard. Chapter 246-247 of the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) requires the reporting of radionuclide emissions from all Department of Energy Hanford Site sources. The state has adopted into these regulations the 40 CFR 61 standard of 10 mrem/yr EDE. The EDE to the MEI attributable to diffuse and fugitive radionuclide air emissions from the Hanford Site in 1998 was 2.5 E-02 mrem (2.S E-04 mSv). This dose added to the dose from point sources gives a total for all sources of 3.8 E-02 mrem/yr (3.8 E-04 mSv) EDE. which is 0.38 percent of the 10 mrem/yr standard. An unplanned release on August 26, 1998, in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site resulted in a potential dose of 4.1 E-02 mrem to a hypothetical individual at the nearest point of public access to that area. This hypothetical individual was not the MEI since the wind direction on the day of the release was away from the MEI residence. The potential dose from the unplanned event was similar in magnitude to that from routine releases during 1998. Were the release from this unplanned event combined with routine releases, the total dose would be less than 1 percent of the 10 mrem/yr standard.

  19. Long-Term Performance of Transuranic Waste Inadvertently Disposed in a Shallow Land Burial Trench at the Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregory J. Shott; Vefa Yucel

    2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1986, 21 m3 of transuranic (TRU) waste was inadvertently disposed in a shallow land burial trench at the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site on the Nevada Test Site. U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) TRU waste must be disposed in accordance with Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 191, Environmental Radiation Protection Standard for Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level, and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes. The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant is the only facility meeting these requirements. The National Research Council, however, has found that exhumation of buried TRU waste for disposal in a deep geologic repository may not be warranted when the effort, exposures, and expense of retrieval are not commensurate with the risk reduction achieved. The long-term risks of leaving the TRU waste in-place are evaluated in two probabilistic performance assessments. A composite analysis, assessing the dose from all disposed waste and interacting sources of residual contamination, estimates an annual total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) of 0.01 mSv, or 3 percent of the dose constraint. A 40 CFR 191 performance assessment also indicates there is reasonable assurance of meeting all requirements. The 40 CFR 191.15 annual mean TEDE for a member of the public is estimated to reach a maximum of 0.055 mSv at 10,000 years, or approximately 37 percent of the 0.15 mSv individual protection requirement. In both assessments greater than 99 percent of the dose is from co-disposed low-level waste. The simulated probability of the 40 CFR 191.13 cumulative release exceeding 1 and 10 times the release limit is estimated to be 0.0093 and less than 0.0001, respectively. Site characterization data and hydrologic process modeling support a conclusion of no groundwater pathway within 10,000 years. Monte Carlo uncertainty analysis indicates that there is reasonable assurance of meeting all regulatory requirements. Sensitivity analysis indicates that the results are insensitive to TRU waste-related parameters. Limited quantities of TRU waste in a shallow land burial trench can meet DOE performance objectives for disposal of TRU waste and contribute negligibly to disposal site risk. Leaving limited quantities of buried TRU waste in-place may be preferred over retrieval for disposal in a deep geologic repository.

  20. Radionuclide Air Emissions Report for the Hanford Site Calendar year 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DIEDIKER, L.P.

    1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents radionuclide air emissions from the Hanford Site in I998 and the resulting effective dose equivalent to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) member of the public. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Protection of the Environment, Part 61, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (40 CFR SI), Subpart H, ''National Emission Standards for Emissions of Radionuclides Other than Radon from Department of Energy Facilities,'' and with the Washington Administrative Code Chapter 246-247, Radiation Protection--Air Emissions. The federal regulations in 40 CFR 61, Subpart H; require the measurement and reporting of radionuclides emitted from Department of Energy facilities and the resulting offsite dose from those emissions. A standard of 10 mrem/yr effective dose equivalent (EDE) is imposed on them. The EDE to the MEI due to routine emissions in 1998 from Hanford Site point sources was 1.3 E-02 mrem (1.3 E-04 mSv), which is 0.13 percent of the federal standard. Chapter 246-247 of the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) requires the reporting of radionuclide emissions from all Department of Energy Hanford Site sources. The state has adopted into these regulations the 40 CFR 61 standard of 10 mrem/yr EDE. The EDE to the MEI attributable to diffuse and fugitive radionuclide air emissions from the Hanford Site in 1998 was 2.5 E-02 mrem (2.5 E-04 mSv). This dose added to the dose from point sources gives a total for all sources of 3.8 E-02 mrem/yr (3.8 E-04 mSv) EDE, which is 0.38 percent of the 10 mrem/yr standard. An unplanned release on August 26, 1998, in the 300 Area of the Hanford Site resulted in a potential dose of 4.1 E-02 mrem to a hypothetical individual at the nearest point of public access to that area. This hypothetical individual was not the MEI since the wind direction on the day of the release was away from the MEI residence. The potential dose from the unplanned event was similar in magnitude to that from routine releases during 1998. Were the release from this unplanned event combined with routine releases, the total dose would be less than 1 percent ofthe 10 mrem/yr standard.