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1

Texas Tech University Upward Bound Programs WAIVER OF LIABILITY AND HOLD HARMLESS AGREEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Texas Tech University Upward Bound Programs WAIVER OF LIABILITY AND HOLD HARMLESS AGREEMENT's participation in Texas Tech University Upward Bound Programs, I hereby RELEASE, WAIVE, DISCHARGE, and HOLD HARMLESS Tech University Upward Bound Programs, Texas Tech University, the Board of Regents, the State

Zhang, Yuanlin

2

College Bound American Indian Math and Science Enrichment Program (AIMS). Final report  

SciTech Connect

Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute (SIPI), was founded in 1971 and is located on 164 acres in northwest Albuquerque, New Mexico in the center of New Mexico`s agricultural and high-tech corridors. SIPI became accredited as a community college in 1993, serves Native Americans nationwide, and is governed by a nationally-tribally appointed Board of Regents (Jicarilla Apache, Joint Oklahoma Tribes, Mescalero Apache, Navajo Nation-Arizona, Navajo Nation-New Mexico, Ten Southern Pueblos, and Eight Northern Pueblos, Southern Ute, Inter-tribal Council of Arizona, and Oglala Sioux). In 1993, The US Department of Education, TRIO Programs no longer funded the Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute (SIPI) Summer Math and Science Enrichment Program. However, with US Department of Energy funding SIPI was able to continue service to the Native American community under the new title of College Bound American Indian Math and Science (AIMS) Enrichment Program. This new program continued the goals and objectives of the TRIO program with an expanded focus that included students from more Native American communities nationwide. The program also interfaced with a teacher enrichment program (Rural American Indian Science Education-RAISE) sponsored by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Sandia National Labs (SNL). SIPI in collaboration with Sandia National Laboratories and Lawrence Livermore National (LLNL) Laboratory established a mathematics and science enrichment program at SIPI for students attending rural high schools serving predominantly Native American populations. The primary goal of the program was to provide 9th--12th grade students, mostly Native American, the skills and knowledge, interest and motivation, and strategies to remain in high school and pursue a college education in a math, science, or technology based field. Each year, the program included a six-week intensive residential summer program located at SIPI as well as academic year support activities at the student`s high school. A summary of the program activities during the grant period is given.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH UPWARD BOUND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

percent of their caseload from the time limit. Elimination of existing state waivers: Under pre-1996 AFDC does not include food stamps, medicaid and other support services.) Total AFDC/TANF recipients by state

Sorin, Eric J.

4

Studies on upward flame spread.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Experimental techniques have been used to investigate three upward flame spread phenomena of particular importance for fire safety applications. First, rates of upward flame spread… (more)

Gollner, Michael J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Studies on upward flame spread  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5.7 Flame Heights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.4.1 Flame Heights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.5Chapter 4 Upward Flame Spread of an Inclined Fuel Surface

Gollner, Michael J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Math Statistics News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST Releases Successor to Venerable Handbook of Math Functions Release Date: 05/11/2010 GAITHERSBURG, Md. ...

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

7

OpenMath and Java for Math Education - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The intent of this web page is to organize resources and information related to the development of OpenMath compliant Java based web applications for math ...

8

Upward Electrical Discharges From Thunderstorm Tops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A variety of storm top electrical discharges have been observed using several types of low-light imagers, film, and the human eye. Recently, a video recorded an unprecedented, bright blue upward discharge from a tropical thunderstorm top near ...

Walter A. Lyons; Thomas E. Nelson; Russell A. Armstrong; Victor P. Pasko; Mark A. Stanley

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

arXiv:math/0302209v1[math.AG]18Feb2003 THETA FUNCTIONS ON THE MODULI SPACE OF PARABOLIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:math/0302209v1[math.AG]18Feb2003 THETA FUNCTIONS ON THE MODULI SPACE OF PARABOLIC BUNDLES parabolic vector bundles of rank r, trivial determinant and fixed parabolic structure at I better bound, in the sense that it does not depend on the genus g of the curve [Po]. The parabolic case

Sorger, Christoph

10

Math Library Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Math Library Performance Math Library Performance Math Library Performance Fully optimizing a given application's performance often requires a deep understand of the source, an accurate profile for a representative run and the ability to have changes to the source accepted upstream. However, in many cases, significant performance gains can be achieved by simply optimizing the code over the matrix of possible compilers, compiler options and libraries available on a given machine. Here, we explore the performance variability of common materials science applications at NERSC with respect to the compilers and libraries available on Edison, NERSC's Cray XC30. NERSC currently supports compilers from three different vendors on the XC30 system, Edison: Intel, GNU and Cray. Materials science applications

11

LANL 70TH ANNIVERSARY MATH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

70TH ANNIVERSARY MATH 70TH ANNIVERSARY MATH (4 th and 5 th grade) The Laboratory's Math and Science Academy Program provides high quality STEM professional development for teachers in participating schools and districts. It is an intensive three-year program, designed to support whole- school continuous improvement in math and science teaching and learning. The problems below were designed by one of the programs master teachers. 1. What is the main idea behind the Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic (FTA), and why is the FTA an important idea in understanding numbers, gaining numbers sense, and in educating our mathematics

12

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References EU Smart Grid Projects Map1 Overview Waste CHP plants can be used in the electricity market for upward regulation by bypassing the steam turbine. The technical...

13

$B_s \\to ?^+ ?^-$ and the upward-going muon flux from the WIMP annihilation in the sun or the earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the upward-going muon flux due to the WIMP annihilations in the cores of the sun and the earth, including the upper bound on the branching ratio for $B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ decay. We find that the constraint from $B_s \\to \\mu^+ \\mu^-$ is very strong in most parameter space, and exclude the supergravity parameter space regions where the expected upward-going muon fluxes are within the expected reach of AMANDA II.

Seungwon Baek; Yeong Gyun Kim; P. Ko

2005-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

14

Visually Impaired Transcript for Math Handbook Video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VISUALLY IMPAIRED TRANSCRIPT for Math Handbook Video. ... Hand stops on the NIST Handbook of Mathematical Functions as it is mentioned. ...

15

Google your math : sustaining a sociocultural environment through collaborative online participation in algebra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google Your Math: Sustaining aImplementation and Revision of Google Your Math Google Your Math<<<<<<<. VIII.

Samaniego, Kimberly Anne OBrien

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Effect of Vertical Upward Flow on Thermal Plumes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Effect of Vertical Upward Flow on Thermal Plumes The Effect of Vertical Upward Flow on Thermal Plumes Speaker(s): Pierre S. Farrugia Date: November 18, 2010 - 12:05pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: David Lorenzetti Thermal plumes have been widely investigated in a variety of scenarios, including natural convection and stratified environments. The resulting theory may be used to predict ventilation flow rates in, for example, natural and displacement ventilation, and under-floor air distribution (UFAD) systems. However, there has been little effort in investigating how uniform upward flows affect the plume velocity, rate of growth, and thermal profile. Such situations can arise if, for example, the diffusers of a UFAD system are evenly distributed. In order to study such situations, analytical expressions for the velocity and temperature profiles of a plume

17

LANL 70TH ANNIVERSARY MATH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(1 st and 2 nd grade) The Laboratory's Math and Science Academy provides high quality STEM professional development for teachers in participating schools and districts. It is an intensive three-year program, designed to support whole-school continuous improvement in math and science teaching and learning. The problems below were designed by one of the Academy's master teachers. 1. Find the difference between these two numbers: 70 and 7. Explain the difference between the two numbers? (Hint: Use a number line or bars to help you calculate and think). 70 - 7 = ☐ a. Here is another problem, 17 - 8. Explain what happens to the difference if I increase both the first number

18

Science Technology Engineering Math Science Technology Engineering Math Mechanical Engineering Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science Technology Engineering Math Science Technology Engineering Math Mechanical Engineering Loop glider Airboat Straw rockets College Class Science Activity Stomp rockets Underwater copters AND/OR Circuits College Class Science Activity Electronic T/F Motorized flying gliders

Rohs, Remo

19

Northern New Mexico Math & Science Academy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lessons in their classrooms 3. To increase school and district leadership capacity so schools can make continuous improvements in math and science 4. To ultimately improve student...

20

Math and Science Academy for Teachers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides quality STEM education professional development for teachers in participating schools and districts. Contacts Math & Science Academy Carol Brown Community Programs Office...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Emerging Java Technologies for Math Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PIMS-CECM Workshop on Emerging Java Technologies for Math Education. Centre For Experimental and Constructive Mathematics logo. A Workshop at the  ...

22

MATH 496: Computational Biology ? Algebraic Statistical ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MATH 496: Computational Biology ? Algebraic Statistical Model. 4. Log-linear Algebraic statistical Model : Part A: Introduction. 1. Definition: Let A = ( ) be a ...

23

OpenMath JavaBeans - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OpenMath attempts to create a standard for the electronic communication of ... to be encoded as OpenMath Objects and ultimately, by way of the phrasebook, into ... The connectors on the left and right hand sides of the bean correspond to ...

24

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect Country Denmark Headquarters Location Sønderborg, Denmark Coordinates 54.913811°, 9.792178° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":54.913811,"lon":9.792178,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

25

Intel's Math Kernel Library (MKL) at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kernel Library (MKL) Kernel Library (MKL) Math Kernel Library (MKL) Description The Intel Math Kernel Library (Intel MKL) contains highly optimized, extensively threaded math routines for science, engineering, and financial applications. Core math functions include BLAS, LAPACK, ScaLAPACK, Sparse Solvers, Fast Fourier Transforms, Vector Math, and more. NERSC provides MKL on the Carver system for all compilers. MKL is available on the Hopper system for Intel compiler only. How to Access MKL on Carver module load mkl How to Use MKL on Carver Linking Your Code with MKL on Carver Basic usage, with (default) PGI compiler: mpif90 my_code.f $MKL Using ScaLAPACK: mpif90 my_code.f $MKL -L$MKL_LIBDIR -lmkl_scalapack_lp64 -lmkl_blacs_openmpi_lp64 Basic usage, with (default) Intel or gcc compilers (after appropriate

26

NIST Releases Successor to Venerable Handbook of Math ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Releases Successor to Venerable Handbook of Math Functions. For Immediate Release: May 11, 2010. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

27

Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700) jeb@math.purdue.edu #12;#12;#12;David McCullough, Jr help Always be prepared #12;Boiler Gold Rush Prof. Johnny Brown (MATH 700) jeb@math.purdue.edu #12;

Brown, Johnny E.

28

Math of Popping Bubbles in a Foam  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Math of Popping Math of Popping Bubbles in a Foam Math of Popping Bubbles in a Foam Berkeley Lab researchers mathematically describe the complex evolution and disappearance of foamy bubbles May 9, 2013 | Tags: Hopper, Math & Computer Science Media Contacts: UC Berkeley: Robert Sanders, rsanders@berkeley.edu, (510) 643-6998 Berkeley Lab: Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, (510) 495-2404 Written By Robert Sanders Bubble baths and soapy dishwater, the refreshing head on a beer and the luscious froth on a cappuccino. All are foams, beautiful yet ephemeral as the bubbles pop one by one. Now, two researchers from the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of California, Berkeley have described mathematically the successive stages in the complex evolution and disappearance of foamy

29

Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect (Smart  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

effect (Smart effect (Smart Grid Project) (Thisted, Denmark) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Activation of 200 MW refusegenerated CHP upward regulation effect Country Denmark Headquarters Location Thisted, Denmark Coordinates 56.959167°, 8.703492° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":56.959167,"lon":8.703492,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

30

Help:Math | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Math Math Jump to: navigation, search This page explains the Math syntax that can be used in order to format mathematical equations or chemical equations. For example: {{x^{12}+x+5}\over{x^{y/z}}}=2 Contents 1 Syntax 2 Equation Formatting 3 Symbols 4 Examples 5 Additional Info Syntax The syntax for displaying a formula is: {equation} Where "equation" is replaced by the wanted equation. Equation Formatting Description You type You get Exponent x^2 x^2 Exponent Grouping x^{21+y} x^{21+y} Subscript CO_2 CO_2 Subscript Grouping a_{i,j} a_{i,j} Fraction 1\over2 \frac{x}{y}=z 1\over2 \frac{x}{y}=z Fraction Grouping

31

AMD Core Math Library (ACML) at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACML ACML ACML Description The AMD Core Math Library (ACML) module is available on Hopper but is no longer loaded as part of the default PrgEnv environment. Instead, BLAS and LAPACK functionality is now provided by Cray LibSci. However, if you need ACML for FFT functions, math functions, or random number generators, you can load the library using the acml modulefile. ACML includes: A suite of Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) routines for real and complex data Fast scalar, vector, and array math transcendental library routines optimized for high performance A comprehensive random number generator suite: Base generators plus a user-defined generator Distribution generators Multiple-stream support ACML's internal timing facility uses the clock() function. If you run an

32

arXiv.org help - What is MathJax?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

visit http:www.mathjax.orgdemoscopy-and-paste. Alternatively, MathJax can be disabled entirely (see below). Can I disable MathJax? Yes, you can disable (and re-enable)...

33

Ion acoustic solitons in Earth's upward current region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formation and evolution of ion acoustic solitons in Earth's auroral upward current region are studied using one- and two-dimensional (2D) electrostatic particle-in-cell simulations. The one-dimensional simulations are confined to processes that occur in the auroral cavity and include four plasma populations: hot electrons, H{sup +} and O{sup +} anti-earthward ion beams, and a hot H{sup +} background population. Ion acoustic solitons are found to form for auroral-cavity ion beams consistent with acceleration through double-layer (DL) potentials measured by FAST. A simplified one-dimensional model simulation is then presented in order to isolate the mechanisms that lead to the formation of the ion acoustic soliton. Results of a two-dimensional simulation, which include both the ionosphere and the auroral cavity, separated by a low-altitude DL, are then presented in order to confirm that the soliton forms in a more realistic 2D geometry. The 2D simulation is initialized with a U-shaped potential structure that mimics the inferred shape of the low altitude transition region based on observations. In this simulation, a soliton localized perpendicular to the geomagnetic field is observed to form and reside next to the DL. Finally, the 2D simulation results are compared with FAST data and it is found that certain aspects of the data can be explained by assuming the presence of an ion acoustic soliton.

Main, D. S.; Scholz, C. [Department of Physics, John Brown University, Siloam Springs, Arkansas 72761 (United States); Newman, D. L. [Center for Integrated Plasma Studies, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Ergun, R. E. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

34

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Earth Math  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be `one-pagers' with a Teacher's Guide and Answer Key as a second page. This compact form was deemed very molecules you could produce? Space Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov #12;1 Answer Key Problem 1 - What;2Answer Key Problem 1 - How many atoms of hydrogen (H), carbon (C) and oxygen (O) are contained

35

ADP Security Plan, Math Building, Room 1139  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the draft copy of an updated (ADP) Security Plan for an IBM Personal Computer to be used in the Math Building at PNL for classified data base management. Using the equipment specified in this document and implementing the administrative and physical procedures as outlined will provide the secure environment necessary for this work to proceed.

Melton, R.

1985-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

36

Upward-facing Lithium Flash Evaporator for NSTX-U  

SciTech Connect

NSTX plasma performance has been significantly enhanced by lithium conditioning [1]. To date, the lower divertor and passive plates have been conditioned by downward facing lithium evaporators (LITER) as appropriate for lower null plasmas. The higher power operation expected from NSTX-U requires double null plasma operation in order to distribute the heat flux between the upper and lower divertors making it desirable to coat the upper divertor region with Li as well. An upward aiming LITER (U-LITER) is presently under development and will be inserted into NSTX-U using a horizontal probe drive located in a 6" upper midplane port. In the retracted position the evaporator will be loaded with up to 300 mg of Li granules utilizing one of the calibrated NSTX Li powder droppers[2]. The evaporator will then be inserted into the vessel in a location within the shadow of the RF limiters and will remain in the vessel during the discharge. About 10 seconds before a discharge, it will be rapidly heated and the lithium completely evaporated onto the upper divertor, thus avoiding the complication of a shutter that prevents evaporation during the shot when the diagnostic shutters are open. The minimal time interval between the evaporation and the start of the discharge will avoid the passivation of the lithium by residual gases and enable the study of the conditioning effects of un-passivated Li surfaces [3]. Two methods are being investigated to accomplish the rapid (few second) heating of the lithium. A resistive method relies on passing a large current through a Li filled crucible. A second method requires using a 3 kW e-beam gun to heat the Li. In this paper the evaporator systems will be described and the pros and cons of each heating method will be discussed.

Roquemore, A. L.

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

37

MathResources: bringing a product to market - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MathResources: bringing a product to market. DUBIOUS BENEFITS FROM EARLY COMPUTER USE Study from Science confirms MRI's Approach. May 1999: ...

38

64 _____________________________________Math & Computational Sciences Division High Performance Computing and Visualization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

64 _____________________________________Math & Computational Sciences Division High Performance Computing and Visualization Research and Development in Visual Analysis Judith Devaney Terrence Griffin John

Perkins, Richard A.

39

Math 22a Linear Algebra Information for students, Fall 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://people.brandeis.edu/~kleinboc/Math22a/intro.html Grader: TBA Text: LINEAR ALGEBRA, 3rd edition, by J. Fraleigh and R. Beauregard

Kleinbock, Dmitry

40

Math 496: Mathematical Models in Computational Biology ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Math 496: Mathematical Models in Computational Biology. Lecture Notes for May 17 th. Section 1: Genome Rearrangements. During the process of an ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Nonlinear Evolution of an Upward Propagating Gravity Wave: Overturning, Convection, Transience and Turbulence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A numerical simulation of the nonlinear evolution of an upward propagating gravity wave shows that over-turning (the turning over of isopotential temperature surfaces) is the mechanism responsible for limiting the growth of the wave. Wave ...

R. L. Walterscheid; G. Schubert

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Film boiling of saturated liquid flowing upward through a heated tube : high vapor quality range  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Film boiling of saturated liquid flowing upward through a uniformly heated tube has been studied for the case in which pure saturated liquid enters the tube and nearly saturated vapor is discharged. Since a previous study ...

Laverty, W. F.

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

AstrobiologyMath National Aeronautics and Space Administration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The problems were designed to be one-pagers with a Teacher's Guide and Answer Key as a second page. #12;Astrobiology Math 2 http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov Answer Key The Tree of Life and the Most are as intelligent as modern humans? #12;Astrobiology Math 4 http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov Answer Key The Origin

44

A Quantum Bousso Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Bousso bound requires that one quarter the area of a closed codimension two spacelike surface exceeds the entropy flux across a certain lightsheet terminating on the surface. The bound can be violated by quantum effects such as Hawking radiation. It is proposed that at the quantum level the bound be modified by adding to the area the quantum entanglement entropy across the surface. The validity of this quantum Bousso bound is proven in a two-dimensional large N dilaton gravity theory.

Andrew Strominger; David Thompson

2003-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

45

Math and Science Activities from Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BEAMS is a program in which classes of 6th, 7th and 8th grade students are exposed to the scientific environment of Jefferson Lab. For five consecutive days during school hours, classes of 6th grade students and their teachers participate in science and math activities conducted with Jefferson Lab staff. The students return to the lab in the 7th and 8th grades for additional activities which reinforce their 6th grade experience. Feel free to copy and alter these activities for use in your class. 6th Grade Background Materials Vocabulary List What is Matter? What is Jefferson Lab? Careers at Jefferson Lab Periodic Table of Elements Puzzles and Games BEAMS Word Search Element Word Search Geometry Word Search BEAMS Bingo Element Bingo BEAMS Crossword Puzzle BEAMS Cryptograph

46

Calling Excellent Math and Science Teachers -- Einstein Fellowship Deadline  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Calling Excellent Math and Science Teachers -- Einstein Fellowship Calling Excellent Math and Science Teachers -- Einstein Fellowship Deadline is January 4 Calling Excellent Math and Science Teachers -- Einstein Fellowship Deadline is January 4 December 3, 2010 - 4:19pm Addthis Ginny Simmons Ginny Simmons Former Managing Editor for Energy.gov, Office of Public Affairs Each year, the Department of Energy selects excellent elementary and secondary math and science teachers as Albert Einstein Distinguished Educators Fellows who come to DC for 11 months to share their teaching expertise with policy makers. Teachers are selected based on exemplary experience in K-12 science, technology, engineering or mathematics teaching, demonstrated leadership in the community, an understanding of national, state, and local education policy, and communication and interpersonal skills.

47

MathOptimizer: A nonlinear optimization package for Mathematica ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

introduce MathOptimizer's key features and discuss its usage options that support a ..... The option Samples determines the total number of sample points in each ..... and scientific fields such as numerical integration, potential energy models, ...

48

UPWARD MOVEMENT OF PLUTONIUM TO SURFACE SEDIMENTS DURING AN 11-YEAR FIELD STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An 11-y lysimeter study was established to monitor the movement of Pu through vadose zone sediments. Sediment Pu concentrations as a function of depth indicated that some Pu moved upward from the buried source material. Subsequent numerical modeling suggested that the upward movement was largely the result of invading grasses taking up the Pu and translocating it upward. The objective of this study was to determine if the Pu of surface sediments originated from atmosphere fallout or from the buried lysimeter source material (weapons-grade Pu), providing additional evidence that plants were involved in the upward migration of Pu. The {sup 240}Pu/{sup 239}Pu and {sup 242}Pu/{sup 239}Pu atomic fraction ratios of the lysimeter surface sediments, as determined by Thermal Ionization Mass Spectroscopy (TIMS), were 0.063 and 0.00045, respectively; consistent with the signatures of the weapons-grade Pu. Our numerical simulations indicate that because plants create a large water flux, small concentrations over multiple years may result in a measurable accumulation of Pu on the ground surface. These results may have implications on the conceptual model for calculating risk associated with long-term stewardship and monitored natural attenuation management of Pu contaminated subsurface and surface sediments.

Kaplan, D.; Beals, D.; Cadieux, J.; Halverson, J.

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

49

Sources of biogenic methane to form marine gas hydrates: In situ production or upward migration?  

SciTech Connect

Potential sources of biogenic methane in the Carolina Continental Rise -- Blake Ridge sediments have been examined. Two models were used to estimate the potential for biogenic methane production: (1) construction of sedimentary organic carbon budgets, and (2) depth extrapolation of modern microbial production rates. While closed-system estimates predict some gas hydrate formation, it is unlikely that >3% of the sediment volume could be filled by hydrate from methane produced in situ. Formation of greater amounts requires migration of methane from the underlying continental rise sediment prism. Methane may be recycled from below the base of the gas hydrate stability zone by gas hydrate decomposition, upward migration of the methane gas, and recrystallization of gas hydrate within the overlying stability zone. Methane bubbles may also form in the sediment column below the depth of gas hydrate stability because the methane saturation concentration of the pore fluids decreases with increasing depth. Upward migration of methane bubbles from these deeper sediments can add methane to the hydrate stability zone. From these models it appears that recycling and upward migration of methane is essential in forming significant gas hydrate concentrations. In addition, the depth distribution profiles of methane hydrate will differ if the majority of the methane has migrated upward rather than having been produced in situ.

Paull, C.K.; Ussler, W. III; Borowski, W.S.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Intensity of Upward Muon Flux Due to Cosmic-Ray Neutrinos Produced in the Atmosphere  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Calculations were performed to determine the upward going muon flux leaving the earth's surface after production by cosmic-ray neutrinos in the crust. Only neutrinos produced in the earth's atmosphere are considered. Rates of the order of one per 100 sq m/day might be expected if an intermediate boson exists and has a mass less than 2 Bev. (auth)

Lee, T. D.; Robinson, H.; Schwartz, M.; Cool, R.

1963-06-00T23:59:59.000Z

51

Physical mechanism and numerical simulation of the inception of the lightning upward leader  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The upward leader is a key physical process of the leader progression model of lightning shielding. The inception mechanism and criterion of the upward leader need further understanding and clarification. Based on leader discharge theory, this paper proposes the critical electric field intensity of the stable upward leader (CEFISUL) and characterizes it by the valve electric field intensity on the conductor surface, E{sub L}, which is the basis of a new inception criterion for the upward leader. Through numerical simulation under various physical conditions, we verified that E{sub L} is mainly related to the conductor radius, and data fitting yields the mathematical expression of E{sub L}. We further establish a computational model for lightning shielding performance of the transmission lines based on the proposed CEFISUL criterion, which reproduces the shielding failure rate of typical UHV transmission lines. The model-based calculation results agree well with the statistical data from on-site operations, which show the effectiveness and validity of the CEFISUL criterion.

Li Qingmin [Beijing Key Lab of High Voltage and EMC, School of Electric and Electronic Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China) and State Key Lab of Alternate Electrical Power System with Renewable Energy Sources, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Lu Xinchang; Shi Wei; Zhang Li; Zou Liang; Lou Jie [Shandong Provincial Key Lab of UHV Technology and Gas Discharge, School of Electrical Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan 250061 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Applied Linear Algebra Math 227Q Section 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.math.uconn.edu/olevin/math227s08/ Textbook: Linear Algebra and its Applications, by David C. Lay, 3rd edition. Welcome to what Semester: · Think critically! Don't believe something just because I tell you that it's true. Always ask in this course, even on quizzes and exams. However, don't be seduced by your calculators ability to do some

Blei, Ron

53

Buoyancy effects on upward brine displacement caused by CO2 injection  

SciTech Connect

Upward displacement of brine from deep reservoirs driven by pressure increases resulting from CO{sub 2} injection for geologic carbon sequestration may occur through improperly sealed abandoned wells, through permeable faults, or through permeable channels between pinch-outs of shale formations. The concern about upward brine flow is that, upon intrusion into aquifers containing groundwater resources, the brine may degrade groundwater. Because both salinity and temperature increase with depth in sedimentary basins, upward displacement of brine involves lifting fluid that is saline but also warm into shallower regions that contain fresher, cooler water. We have carried out dynamic simulations using TOUGH2/EOS7 of upward displacement of warm, salty water into cooler, fresher aquifers in a highly idealized two-dimensional model consisting of a vertical conduit (representing a well or permeable fault) connecting a deep and a shallow reservoir. Our simulations show that for small pressure increases and/or high-salinity-gradient cases, brine is pushed up the conduit to a new static steady-state equilibrium. On the other hand, if the pressure rise is large enough that brine is pushed up the conduit and into the overlying upper aquifer, flow may be sustained if the dense brine is allowed to spread laterally. In this scenario, dense brine only contacts the lower-most region of the upper aquifer. In a hypothetical case in which strong cooling of the dense brine occurs in the upper reservoir, the brine becomes sufficiently dense that it flows back down into the deeper reservoir from where it came. The brine then heats again in the lower aquifer and moves back up the conduit to repeat the cycle. Parameter studies delineate steady-state (static) and oscillatory solutions and reveal the character and period of oscillatory solutions. Such oscillatory solutions are mostly a curiosity rather than an expected natural phenomenon because in nature the geothermal gradient prevents the cooling in the upper aquifer that occurs in the model. The expected effect of upward brine displacement is either establishment of a new hydrostatic equilibrium or sustained upward flux into the bottom-most region of the upper aquifer.

Oldenburg, C.M.; Rinaldi, A.

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

High gradient magnetic beneficiation of dry pulverized coal via upwardly directed recirculating fluidization  

SciTech Connect

This invention relates to an improved device and method for the high gradient magnetic beneficiation of dry pulverized coal, for the purpose of removing sulfur and ash from the coal whereby the product is a dry environmentally acceptable, low-sulfur fuel. The process involves upwardly directed recirculating air fluidization of selectively sized powdered coal in a separator having sections of increasing diameters in the direction of air flow, with magnetic field and flow rates chosen for optimum separations depending upon particulate size.

Eissenberg, David M. (Oak Ridge, TN); Liu, Yin-An (Opelika, AL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law January 29, 2013 - 9:54am Addthis What are the key facts? Empirical models are generally most useful in describing conditions close to the experiments used to develop or calibrate them. Predictive tools are essential to understanding phenomena that can not be described experimentally, like used fuel behavior over thousands of years in a repository. Predictability is measured by understanding errors where they are introduced as well as to what degree they are quantified. To appreciate the distinction between curve fitting and what it means for a tool to be truly predictive it might help to consider how the ideal gas law was developed. In 1663, Robert Boyle performed a series of experiments at room temperature

56

Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law Empirical Math Model: Ideal Gas Law January 29, 2013 - 9:54am Addthis What are the key facts? Empirical models are generally most useful in describing conditions close to the experiments used to develop or calibrate them. Predictive tools are essential to understanding phenomena that can not be described experimentally, like used fuel behavior over thousands of years in a repository. Predictability is measured by understanding errors where they are introduced as well as to what degree they are quantified. To appreciate the distinction between curve fitting and what it means for a tool to be truly predictive it might help to consider how the ideal gas law was developed. In 1663, Robert Boyle performed a series of experiments at room temperature

57

FastMath SciDAC Institute | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FastMath SciDAC Institute FastMath SciDAC Institute FastMath SciDAC Institute The FASTMath SciDAC Institute is developing and deploying scalable mathematical algorithms and software tools for reliable simulation of complex physical phenomena and collaborating with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)domain scientists to ensure the usefulness and applicability of our work. The focus of ourwork is strongly driven by the requirements of DOE application scientists who work extensively with mesh-based, continuum-level models or particle-based techniques. Project Contact Lois Curfman McInnes Barry Smith Todd Munson Mihai Anitescu People Involved Jed Brown Tim Tautges Other Contributors Ann Almgren (LBNL) Phil Colella Mark Shephard (RPI) Daniel Reynolds (SMU) Related Group(s) Applied Mathematics Website URL

58

Beaubien Elementary's 8th Grade Math Club Visits Argonne | Argonne National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beaubien Elementary's 8th Grade Math Club Visits Argonne Beaubien Elementary's 8th Grade Math Club Visits Argonne May 31, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint A math club is a great way to inspire children and make math come alive, but connecting a passion for math to an exciting career can be a challenge. So Chicago Public School teacher Jason Major got a field trip idea for his eighth-grade math club. On May 18, the math club of Jean Baptiste Beaubien Elementary School in northwest Chicago visited Argonne National Laboratory, the Lemont-based U.S. Department of Energy lab, and met with scientists who explained how important math is in solving some of the world's greatest challenges. The eighth graders also explored Argonne's visualization lab, a cavernous room filled with high-tech tiled and 3D display systems that provide

59

Los Alamos Middle School team wins regional MathCounts competition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alamos Middle School wins regional MathCounts event Competes against 60 other middle schools for the title. March 1, 2013 Los Alamos Middle School won the regional MathCounts...

60

STEM Women All-Stars Hit the Road | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STEM Women All-Stars Hit the Road STEM Women All-Stars Hit the Road STEM Women All-Stars Hit the Road April 30, 2012 - 4:32pm Addthis Karina Edmonds, Technology Transfer Coordinator for the Department of Energy, meets with girls from the University of San Francisco Upward Bound Math and Science Program. (Photo courtesy of USF Upward Bound Math and Science Program) Karina Edmonds, Technology Transfer Coordinator for the Department of Energy, meets with girls from the University of San Francisco Upward Bound Math and Science Program. (Photo courtesy of USF Upward Bound Math and Science Program) Lauren Andersen Policy Advisor at White House Office of Science and Technology Policy What are the key facts? Watch the White House Girls in STEM video Read about the Energy Department's Women in STEM Tweet Up

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

STEM Women All-Stars Hit the Road | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STEM Women All-Stars Hit the Road STEM Women All-Stars Hit the Road STEM Women All-Stars Hit the Road April 30, 2012 - 4:32pm Addthis Karina Edmonds, Technology Transfer Coordinator for the Department of Energy, meets with girls from the University of San Francisco Upward Bound Math and Science Program. (Photo courtesy of USF Upward Bound Math and Science Program) Karina Edmonds, Technology Transfer Coordinator for the Department of Energy, meets with girls from the University of San Francisco Upward Bound Math and Science Program. (Photo courtesy of USF Upward Bound Math and Science Program) Lauren Andersen Policy Advisor at White House Office of Science and Technology Policy What are the key facts? Watch the White House Girls in STEM video Read about the Energy Department's Women in STEM Tweet Up

62

ResourceBounded Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Query Input l Word processing package for aMac. l $200 price limit. l Search process should take 10 min Features l Active search and discovery. l Resource Bounded Reasoning. l Goal­driven and) C (75% 6) (25% 4) enables Subtask Relation Enables NLE Q = Quality D = Duration C = Cost Task

Raja, Anita

63

National Aeronautics and Space Administration MagneticMath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data. The problems were designed to be `one-pagers' with a Teacher's Guide and Answer Key as a second://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov 1 #12;Magnetic Math magnetic and electrical attraction, and is credited with coining the term electricity. It was Descartes who ultimately made 'intangible and invisible' magnetic forces visible

64

National Aeronautics and Space Administration SpaceMathVI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data. The problems were designed to be `one-pagers' with a Teacher's Guide and Answer Key as a second;Answer Key Problem 1 - How many atoms of hydrogen (H), carbon (C) and oxygen (O) are contained the planets be after 6 years? Space Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov #12;2Answer Key Problem 1 - Students

65

Google's PageRank: The Math Behind the Search Engine  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google's PageRank: The Math Behind the Search Engine Rebecca S. Wills Department of Mathematics on a given day. Even though there are many internet search engines, Google, Yahoo!, and MSN receive over 81 equals that of Google [11], Google continues to thrive as the search engine of choice receiving over 46

Lakoba, Taras I.

66

Math for Poets and Drummers The Mathematics of Meter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Math for Poets and Drummers The Mathematics of Meter Rachel Hall Saint Joseph's University 5600 a number of problems that are explored in class. In English and Spanish, the rhythm, or meter, of a piece- speare are written in the meter called iambic pentameter: five pairs of alternating unstressed

Hall, Rachel W.

67

Bound States in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

68

Lower bounds on the bounded coefficient complexity of bilinear maps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We prove lower bounds of order n log n for both the problem of multiplying polynomials of degree n, and of dividing polynomials with remainder, in the model of bounded coefficient arithmetic circuits over the complex numbers. These ... Keywords: Algebraic complexity, bilinear circuits, lower bounds, singular values

Peter Bürgisser; Martin Lotz

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

On bound entanglement assisted distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate asymptotic distillation of entanglement in the presence of an unlimited amount of bound entanglement for bi-partite systems. We show that the distillability is still bounded by the relative entropy of entanglement. This offers a strong support to the fact that bound entanglement does not improve distillation of entanglement.

V. Vedral

1999-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

70

Hydrodynamic lift on bound vesicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bound vesicles subject to lateral forces such as arising from shear flow are investigated theoretically by combining a lubrication analysis of the bound part with a scaling approach to the global motion. A minor inclination of the bound part leads to significant lift due to the additive effects of lateral and tank-treading motions. With increasing shear rate, the vesicle unbinds from the substrate at a critical value. Estimates are in agreement with recent experimental data.

Udo Seifert

1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

71

On bound entanglement assisted distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate asymptotic distillation of entanglement in the presence of an unlimited amount of bound entanglement for bi-partite systems. We show that the distillability is still bounded by the relative entropy of entanglement. This offers a strong support to the fact that bound entanglement does not improve distillation of entanglement. PACS number(s): 03.65.Bz, 89.70.+c,89.80.+h

Vlatko Vedral

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Psychophysiological Reactivity to Self and Model Images in an Upward Social Comparison Manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current study examined affective reactivity to oneself in an upward socialcomparison manipulation using autonomic physiological responses. Study I was conducted to select images of thin and average size models used to elicit a social comparison process for Study II. For Study II, thirty-two female undergraduate students had their startle reflex and skin conductance responses recorded while viewing images of themselves presented adjacent to thin or average size models. Participants also viewed positive, negative, and neutral affect images to test our experimental manipulation of Peter Lang’s startle paradigm. Following the visual presentation, participants used the SAM scale to rate each image along the dimensions of valence, arousal, dominance, body satisfaction, and attractiveness. Analyses revealed that participants reacted to thin and average size models and self with similar levels of body image satisfaction, valence, and arousal, even though thin models were perceived as highly more attractive. Positive affect images were rated higher on valence and arousal among all the picture types. With regards to the psychophysiological data, there were differences in startle reactivity among the three model-to-self comparison images, with images of Thin-to-Self Comparison eliciting more of an inhibited startle response and Thin-to-Average Comparison images eliciting more of a potentiated startle response. In terms of arousal, positive affect images were perceived as more arousing among all the picture types. Contrary to what was expected, there were no significant differences in skin conductance responsiveness between the three model-to self comparison images. The results are discussed from a social-comparison perspective with regard to affective reactivity to body image. Future research directions are proposed.

Tamez, Jeannine

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Comments on Form Factor Bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved model independent upper bounds on the weak transition form factors are derived using inclusive sum rules. Comparison of the new bounds with the old ones is made for the form factors h_{A_1} and h_V in B -> D* decays.

Chiang, C W

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Remarks on Form Factor Bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved model independent upper bounds on the weak transition form factors are derived using inclusive sum rules. Comparison of the new bounds with the old ones is made for the form factors h_{A_1} and h_V in B -> D* decays.

Cheng-Wei Chiang

1999-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

75

Normal contact of elastic solids (Hertzian contact) by MathCAD method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When two non-conforming solids are through into contact they touch initially at a single point along a line. In this paper its make a application of Hertz theory used the Math Cad program for the contact of two cylinders. Keywords: Math Cad, contact, deformations, hertz, non-conforming, stress

Enescu Ioan; Vlase Sorin; Lepadatescu Badea

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Science and Math Education Master Teachers UC Irvine California Teach Science and Mathematics Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Math Education Master Teachers UC Irvine California Teach Science and Mathematics Program Program Description The UCI Cal Teach Science and Mathematics Program is an undergraduate teacher preparation program for aspiring middle school and high school math and science teachers. Several hallmarks

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

77

Academic Investment in Math & Science 125 N. Mercer Rd., 209E. Harshman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Academic Investment in Math & Science 125 N. Mercer Rd., 209E. Harshman Bowling Green, Ohio 43403 interest in the Academic Investment in Mathematics and Science (AIMS) program. The mission of the AIMS (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math). AIMS accomplishes this with a combination of scholarships

Moore, Paul A.

78

Got Questions about Women in Science, Tech, Engineering, or Math (STEM)?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Got Questions about Women in Science, Tech, Engineering, or Math Got Questions about Women in Science, Tech, Engineering, or Math (STEM)? Tweet us! Got Questions about Women in Science, Tech, Engineering, or Math (STEM)? Tweet us! March 15, 2012 - 3:26pm Q&A What questions do you have for the experts during our Women in STEM Tweet Up? Ask Us Addthis Join us for a conversation about women in science, technology, engineering, and Math (STEM) on Twitter on Thursday, March 22 at 2:30pm EDT by following the hashtag #STEM. Join us for a conversation about women in science, technology, engineering, and Math (STEM) on Twitter on Thursday, March 22 at 2:30pm EDT by following the hashtag #STEM. Gloria B. Smith Deputy Director, Office of Diversity & Inclusion How can I participate? Join us on Twitter by following the hashtag #STEM on Thursday, March

79

Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) Education Summit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STEM Education Summit STEM Education Summit STEM Education Summit The Laboratory views its investment in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education as strengthening the Lab's strategic direction and developing its current and future workforce. Contacts Education Janelle Vigil-Maestas Community Programs Office (505) 665-4329 Email Student Challenge The LANL STEM Education Summit was held April 11, 2013, in Los Alamos. Participants at the summit reviewed the Lab's commitments in improving STEM literacy and prioritized a number of key recommendations. The purpose of the summit was to align and coordinate LANL's STEM education efforts strengthen the lab's strategic direction and workforce development create a unified action plan that ensures the lab fills the employment pipeline

80

Lower bound techniques for data structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe new techniques for proving lower bounds on data-structure problems, with the following broad consequences: * the first [omega](lg n) lower bound for any dynamic problem, improving on a bound that had been ...

P?tra?cu, Mihai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

BOUNDS ON EIGENVALUES OF MATRICES ARISING FROM ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy estimates to obtain bounds on the eigenvalues of the matrices, and ... has more favorable eigenvalue bounds than the alternative reduced versions. We.

82

Bounds for nonlocality distillation protocols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonlocality can be quantified by the violation of a Bell inequality. Since this violation may be amplified by local operations, an alternative measure has been proposed--distillable nonlocality. The alternative measure is difficult to calculate exactly due to the double exponential growth of the parameter space. In this paper, we give a way to bound the distillable nonlocality of a resource by the solutions to a related optimization problem. Our upper bounds are exponentially easier to compute than the exact value and are shown to be meaningful in general and tight in some cases.

Forster, Manuel [Computer Science Department, ETH Zuerich, CH-8092 Zuerich (Switzerland)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

83

Correlation effects and bound states  

SciTech Connect

Bound states in a simple quark model that are due to correlation effects are analyzed. The confining properties of this model in meson (quark-antiquark and diquark) channels manifest themselves at any quark momenta, and an extra potential field may only enhance the confining effect.

Zinovjev, G. M. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics (Ukraine); Molodtsov, S. V., E-mail: molodtsov@itep.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

84

Outer bounds for user cooperation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We obtain a dependence balance based outer bound on the capacity region of the two-user multiple access channel with generalized feedback (MAC-GF). We investigate a Gaussian MAC with user-cooperation (MAC-UC), where each transmitter receives an additive ...

Ravi Tandon; Sennur Ulukus

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Counting Strings, Wound and Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze zero mode counting problems for Dirac operators that find their origin in string theory backgrounds. A first class of quantum mechanical models for which we compute the number of ground states arises from a string winding an isometric direction in a geometry, taking into account its energy due to tension. Alternatively, the models arise from deforming marginal bound states of a string winding a circle, and moving in an orthogonal geometry. After deformation, the number of bound states is again counted by the zero modes of a Dirac operator. We count these bound states in even dimensional asymptotically linear dilaton backgrounds as well as in Euclidean Taub-NUT. We show multiple pole behavior in the fugacities keeping track of a U(1) charge. We also discuss a second class of counting problems that arises when these backgrounds are deformed via the application of a heterotic duality transformation. We discuss applications of our results to Appell-Lerch sums and the counting of domain wall bound states.

Sujay K. Ashok; Suresh Nampuri; Jan Troost

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

86

New Fractional Error Bounds for Nonconvex Polynomial Systems ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 7, 2013 ... †Department of Mathematics, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. Email: boris@math.wayne.edu. Re- search of this author was ...

87

Optimization Online - A New Error Bound Result for Generalized ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 11, 2013 ... Citation: Report MATH-NM-1-2013, Institute of Numerical Mathematics, TU Dresden, 01062 Dresden, Germany, January 2013. Download: [PDF].

88

An improved model to determine the inception of positive upward leader-streamer system considering the leader propagation during dark period  

SciTech Connect

Stem-leader transition and front-streamer inception are two essential conditions for the inception of positive upward leader-streamer system (LSS). Previous models have not considered the initial-leader propagation during dark period and have not been verified systematically. In this paper, a series of positive upward discharge simulation experiments was designed and carried out. Characteristic parameters of the discharge process related to the inception of positive upward LSS, namely, the first-corona inception voltage, the first-corona charge, the dark period, and the LSS inception voltage, were obtained. By comparing these experiment results with simulation results calculated using previous models, it was found that it is improper to assume that the length of the initial leader is a fixed value. Finally, an improved inception model of positive upward LSS considering the leader propagation during dark period was developed and verified with experiment results.

Xie Shijun; He Junjia [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 1037, Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430074 (China); Chen Weijiang [State Grid Corporation of China, No. 86, West Chang'an Street, Beijing 100031 (China)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

89

Bounds for Asian basket options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose pricing bounds for European-style discrete arithmetic Asian basket options in a Black and Scholes framework. We start from methods used for basket options and Asian options. First, we use the general approach for deriving upper ... Keywords: 60E15, 60J65, 91B28, Asian basket option, Non-comonotonic sum, Sum of non-independent random variables

Griselda Deelstra; Ibrahima Diallo; Michèle Vanmaele

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Theoretical and empirical study of single-substance, upward two-phase flow in a constant-diameter adiabatic pipe  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A scheme is developed to describe the upward flow of a two-phase mixture of a single substance in a vertical adiabatic constant area pipe. The scheme is based on dividing the mixture into a homogeneous core surrounded by a liquid film. This core may be a mixture of bubbles in a contiguous liquid phase, or a mixture of droplets in a contiguous vapor phase. The core is turbulent, whereas the liquid film may be laminar or turbulent. The working fluid is Dichlorotetrafluoroethane CClF/sub 2/-CClF/sub 2/ known as refrigerant 114 (R-114); the two-phase mixture is generated from the single phase substance by the process of flashing. In this study, the effect of the Froude and Reynolds numbers on the liquid film characteristics is examined. An expression for an interfacial friction coefficient between the turbulent core and the liquid film is developed; it is similar to Darcy's friction coefficient for a single phase flow in a rough pipe. Results indicate that for the range of Reynolds and Froude numbers considered, the liquid film is likely to be turbulent rather than laminar. The study also shows that two-dimensional effects are important, and the flow is never fully developed either in the film or the core. In addition, the new approach for the turbulent film is capable of predicting a local net flow rate that may be upward, downward, stationary, or stalled. An actual steam-water geothermal well is simulated. A similarity theory is used to predict the steam-water mixture pressure and temperature starting with laboratory measurements on the flow of R-114. Results indicate that the theory can be used to predict the pressure gradient in the two-phase region based on laboratory measurements.

Laoulache, R.N.; Maeder, P.F.; DiPippo, R.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Capacity Bounded Grammars and Petri Nets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A capacity bounded grammar is a grammar whose derivations are restricted by assigning a bound to the number of every nonterminal symbol in the sentential forms. In the paper the generative power and closure properties of capacity bounded grammars and their Petri net controlled counterparts are investigated.

Stiebe, Ralf; 10.4204/EPTCS.3.18

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Lab receives $25,000 for Math and Science Academy from Chevron Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab receives $25,000 for Math and Science Academy Lab receives $25,000 for Math and Science Academy Lab receives $25,000 for Math and Science Academy from Chevron Energy Technology Company The program is conducted by LANL in cooperation with its regional education, business, and government partners. November 30, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

93

Distributed computing network for science and math education in rural New Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the TOPS (Teacher Opportunities to Promote Science) and TOPS Mentor programs, which focus on telecommunications and science, math, and technology content. The backbone of these programs is GeoNet, an electronic bulletin board system set up and maintained at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The TOPS experience exposes teachers to science and math in the context of a real problem of genuine scientific interest, increases their knowledge of science and math, enhances their teaching skills, provides activities for their students, and increases student and teacher abilities to communicate with other teachers and scientists. Their students, in turn, learn to approach scientific problems with enthusiasm and confidence. They perceive the beauty and joy of scientific endeavor and develop self-assurance, persistence, and enthusiasm.

Palounek, A.P.T.; Witt, C.L.; Briles, M.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Dulaney, J. [Estancia Middle School, NM (United States); Georgina, N. [Kirtland Middle School, NM (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

2012 Application Information The mission of the Academic Investment in Math and Science (AIMS) Program is to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012 Application Information The mission of the Academic Investment in Math and Science (AIMS.0+ GPA and 20+ ACT with a major in Science, Technology, Math and Computer Science or other STEM related.Ed., Coordinator Bowling Green State University * Bowling Green, Ohio (419)372-5401 * Fax(419)372-0393 * Email

Moore, Paul A.

95

Bound state spectrum in the finite volume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The signature of bound state formation on the lattice is of particular interest in this talk. In the finite volume, where all states have discrete energies, it is rather hard to distinguish between a bound state and a scattering state if the bound state were close to threshold, i.e., like a "loosely bound state". To study bound states in the finite volume, we calculate the positronium spectroscopy in the Higgs phase of U(1) gauge dynamics, where the photon is massive and then massive photons give rise to the short-ranged interparticle force. We try to identify bound state formation on the basis of the Luscher's finite size method, which suggests specific volume dependences of the energy gap/shift from the threshold energy for either bound states or scattering states.

Shoichi Sasaki; Takeshi Yamazaki

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

96

Experimental investigation on heat transfer and frictional characteristics of vertical upward rifled tube in supercritical CFB boiler  

SciTech Connect

Water wall design is a key issue for supercritical Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) boiler. On account of the good heat transfer performance, rifled tube is applied in the water wall design of a 600 MW supercritical CFB boiler in China. In order to investigate the heat transfer and frictional characteristics of the rifled tube with vertical upward flow, an in-depth experiment was conducted in the range of pressure from 12 to 30 MPa, mass flux from 230 to 1200 kg/(m{sup 2} s), and inner wall heat flux from 130 to 720 kW/m{sup 2}. The wall temperature distribution and pressure drop in the rifled tube were obtained in the experiment. The normal, enhanced and deteriorated heat transfer characteristics were also captured. In this paper, the effects of pressure, inner wall heat flux and mass flux on heat transfer characteristics are analyzed, the heat transfer mechanism and the frictional resistance performance are discussed, and the corresponding empirical correlations are presented. The experimental results show that the rifled tube can effectively prevent the occurrence of departure from nucleate boiling (DNB) and keep the tube wall temperature in a permissible range under the operating condition of supercritical CFB boiler. (author)

Yang, Dong; Pan, Jie; Zhu, Xiaojing; Bi, Qincheng; Chen, Tingkuan [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Zhou, Chenn Q. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, IN 46323 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

A MathCAD procedure for commercial pipeline hydraulic design considering local energy losses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a power type equation for friction factor, this paper presents a design procedure which provides accurate solutions for three types of pipe design problems (Types A-C) taking into consideration the effect of local losses. The parameters introduced ... Keywords: Commercial pipes, MathCAD, Pipe hydraulics, Pipeline design, Pressurized flows, Software, Steady-state analysis, Water distribution networks

Gürol Y?ld?r?m; Vijay P. Singh

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Finite Difference Methods for the Heat Equation MATH 418, PDE LAB Spring 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Finite Difference Methods for the Heat Equation MATH 418, PDE LAB Spring 2013 Lab #5 We seek numerical solutions of the heat equation u t = c2 2 u x2 , 0 0 (1) with boundary conditions u(0) Here x = L/(N + 1). The collection of points (4), (5) is called the computational grid. The matrix-grid

Bardsley, John

99

Bounds on Transport Coefficients of Porous Media  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An analytical formulation of conductivity bounds by Bergman and Milton is used in a different way to obtain rigorous bounds on the real transport coefficients (electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and/or fluid permeability) of a fluid-saturated porous medium. These bounds do not depend explicitly on the porosity, but rather on two formation factors--one associated with the pore space and the other with the solid frame. Hashin-Shtrikman bounds for transport in random polycrystals of porous-material laminates will also be discussed.

Berryman, J G

2005-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

100

On the Time Times Temperature Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently Hod proposes a lower bound on the relaxation time of a perturbed thermodynamic system. For gravitational systems this bound transforms into a condition on the fundamental quasinormal frequency. We test the bound in some spacetimes whose quasinormal frequencies are calculated exactly, as the three-dimensional BTZ black hole, the D-dimensional de Sitter spacetime, and the D-dimensional Nariai spacetime. We find that for some of these spacetimes their fundamental quasinormal frequencies do not satisfy the bound proposed by Hod.

A. Lopez-Ortega

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Free Energy Bounds and the Stability of Mixtures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple derivation of the so?called Gibbs bound on the Helmholtz free energy is given. Formal lower bounds

W. G. Rudd; H. L. Frisch

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Theoretical and empirical study of single-substance, upward two-phase flow in a constant-diameter adiabatic pipe  

SciTech Connect

A Scheme is developed to describe the upward flow of a two-phase mixture of a single substance in a vertical adiabatic constant area pipe. The scheme is based on dividing the mixture into a homogeneous core surrounded by a liquid film. This core may be a mixture of bubbles in a contiguous liquid phase, or a mixture of droplets in a contiguous vapor phase. Emphasis is placed upon the latter case since the range of experimental measurements of pressure, temperature, and void fraction collected in this study fall in the slug-churn''- annular'' flow regimes. The core is turbulent, whereas the liquid film may be laminar or turbulent. Turbulent stresses are modeled by using Prandtl's mixing-length theory. The working fluid is Dichlorotetrafluoroethane CCIF{sub 2}-CCIF{sub 2} known as refrigerant 114 (R-114); the two-phase mixture is generated from the single phase substance by the process of flashing. In this study, the effect of the Froude and Reynolds numbers on the liquid film characteristics is examined. The compressibility is accounted for through the acceleration pressure gradient of the core and not directly through the Mach number. An expression for an interfacial friction coefficient between the turbulent core and the liquid film is developed; it is similar to Darcy's friction coefficient for a single phase flow in a rough pipe. Finally, an actual steam-water geothermal well is simulated; it is based on actual field data from New Zealand. A similarity theory is used to predict the steam-water mixture pressure and temperature starting with laboratory measurements on the flow of R-114.

Laoulache, R.N.; Maeder, P.F.; DiPippo, R.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Bounds for functions of multivariate risks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Li et al. [Distributions with Fixed Marginals and Related Topics, vol. 28, Institute of Mathematics and Statistics, Hayward, CA, 1996, pp. 198-212] provide bounds on the distribution and on the tail for functions of dependent random vectors having fixed ... Keywords: coupling, dual bounds, multivariate marginals, risk measures, value-at-risk

Paul Embrechts; Giovanni Puccetti

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Bounded model checking of infinite state systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bounded model checking (BMC) is an attractive alternative to symbolic model checking, since it often allows a more efficient verification. The idea of BMC is to reduce the model checking problem to a satisfiability problem of the underlying base logic, ... Keywords: Bounded model checking, Global model checking, Infinite state systems, Local model checking, Temporal logic hierarchy

Tobias Schuele; Klaus Schneider

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Software assurance by bounded exhaustive testing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contribution of this paper is an experiment that shows the potential value of a combination of selective reverse engineering to formal specifications and bounded exhaustive testing to improve the assurance levels of complex software. A key problem ... Keywords: TestEra, automated test case generation, bounded exhaustive testing, formal methods, reverse engineering, specification-based testing

Kevin Sullivan; Jinlin Yang; David Coppit; Sarfraz Khurshid; Daniel Jackson

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

This is the final preprint version of a paper which appeared at Tbilisi Math. J. 1 (2008) 89-103.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Tbilisi Math. J. 1 (2008) 89-103. Published version accessible to subscribers/papers/ . Tbilisi Mathematical Journal (), pp. 1-15. National Centre for Science and Technology & Amsterdam

Bergman, George Mark

107

DOE Applied Math Summit | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

DOE Applied Math Summit DOE Applied Math Summit Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources ASCR Discovery Monthly News Roundup News Archives ASCR Program Documents ASCR Workshops and Conferences Workshops & Conferences Archive DOE Simulations Summit Scientific Grand Challenges Workshop Series SciDAC Conferences HPC Best Practices Workshops ASCR Presentations 100Gbps Science Network Related Links Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301) 903-4846 E: sc.ascr@science.doe.gov More Information »

108

Applied Math PI Meet | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Applied Math PI Meet Applied Math PI Meet Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources ASCR Discovery Monthly News Roundup News Archives ASCR Program Documents ASCR Workshops and Conferences Workshops & Conferences Archive DOE Simulations Summit Scientific Grand Challenges Workshop Series SciDAC Conferences HPC Best Practices Workshops ASCR Presentations 100Gbps Science Network Related Links Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301) 903-4846 E: sc.ascr@science.doe.gov More Information »

109

Space Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov A supplementary collection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The problems were designed to be `one-pagers' with a Teacher's Guide and Answer Key as a second page Math http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov #12;Answer Key 1.1.1 Problem 1 ­ 11.3 x (12 inches/foot)x(12 inches://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov #12;1.1.2 Answer Key: Conversion Table: 4 Gallons = 1 Bucket 142.065 cubic centimeters = 1 Noggin 9

110

Holographic Bound on Information in Inflationary Perturbations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formation of frozen classical perturbations from vacuum quantum fluctuations during inflation is described as a unitary quantum process with apparent "decoherence" caused by the expanding spacetime. It is argued that the maximum observable information content per comoving volume in classical modes is subject to the covariant entropy bound at the time those modes decohere, leading to a new quantitative bound on the information contained in frozen field modes in phase space. This bound implies holographic correlations of large-scale cosmological perturbations that may be observable.

Craig J. Hogan

2004-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

111

Lieb-Robinson Bound and Adiabatic Evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the concept of locality to enclose a situation where a tensor-product structure for the Hilbert space is not \\textit {a priori} assumed; rather, this locality is related to a given matrix representation of the Hamiltonian associated to the system. As a result, we formulate a Lieb-Robinson-like bound for Hamiltonians local in a given basis. In particular, we employ this bound to obtain alternatively the adiabatic condition, where adiabaticity is naturally ensued from a locality in energy basis and a relatively small Lieb-Robinson bound.

M. M. R. Koochakie; S. Alipour; A. T. Rezakhani

2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

112

Methods and apparatus to produce stick-slip motion of logging tool attached to a wireline drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are described to produce stick-slip motion of a logging tool within a cased well attached to a wireline that is drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum. The stick-slip motion results in the periodic upward movement of the tool in the cased well described in terms of a dwell time during which time the tool is stationary, the move time during which time the tool moves, and the stroke that is upward distance that the tool translates during the "slip" portion of the stick-slip motion. This method of measurement is used to log the well at different vertical positions of the tool. Therefore, any typical "station-to-station logging tool" may be modified to be a "continuous logging tool", where "continuous" means that the wireline drum continually rotates while the tool undergoes stick-slip motion downhole and measurements are performed during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary. The stick-slip methods of operation and the related apparatus are particularly described in terms of making measurements of formation resistivity from within a cased well during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary during the periodic stick-slip motion of the logging tool.

Vail, III, William Banning (Bothell, WA); Momii, Steven Thomas (Seattle, WA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Methods and apparatus to produce stick-slip motion of logging tool attached to a wireline drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are described to produce stick-slip motion of a logging tool within a cased well attached to a wireline that is drawn upward by a continuously rotating wireline drum. The stick-slip motion results in the periodic upward movement of the tool in the cased well described in terms of a dwell time during which time the tool is stationary, the move time during which time the tool moves, and the stroke that is upward distance that the tool translates during the ``slip`` portion of the stick-slip motion. This method of measurement is used to log the well at different vertical positions of the tool. Therefore, any typical ``station-to-station logging tool`` may be modified to be a ``continuous logging tool,`` where ``continuous`` means that the wireline drum continually rotates while the tool undergoes stick-slip motion downhole and measurements are performed during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary. The stick-slip methods of operation and the related apparatus are particularly described in terms of making measurements of formation resistivity from within a cased well during the dwell times when the tool is momentarily stationary during the periodic stick-slip motion of the logging tool. 12 figs.

Vail, W.B. III; Momii, S.T.

1998-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

114

File:The MacGyver Wind Math Competition.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MacGyver Wind Math Competition.pdf MacGyver Wind Math Competition.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Metadata File:The MacGyver Wind Math Competition.pdf Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels. Go to page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Go! next page → next page → Full resolution ‎(1,500 × 1,125 pixels, file size: 414 KB, MIME type: application/pdf, 7 pages) File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 14:12, 27 September 2013 Thumbnail for version as of 14:12, 27 September 2013 1,500 × 1,125, 7 pages (414 KB) Rmckeel (Talk | contribs) Category:Wind for Schools Portal Curricula You cannot overwrite this file. Edit this file using an external application (See the setup instructions for more information)

115

Error bounds: necessary and sufficient conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from the primal as well as from the dual space are used to characterize the error bound property .... known as conditioning rate [45]): Er f(¯x) := lim inf x??x.

116

Risk Bounds for Mixture Density Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we focus on the problem of estimating a bounded density using a finite combination of densities from a given class. We consider the Maximum Likelihood Procedure (MLE) and the greedy procedure described by ...

Rakhlin, Alexander

2004-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

117

HiggsBounds: Confronting Arbitrary Higgs Sectors with Exclusion Bounds from LEP and the Tevatron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HiggsBounds is a computer code that tests theoretical predictions of models with arbitrary Higgs sectors against the exclusion bounds obtained from the Higgs searches at LEP and the Tevatron. The included experimental information comprises exclusion bounds at 95% C.L. on topological cross sections. In order to determine which search topology has the highest exclusion power, the program also includes, for each topology, information from the experiments on the expected exclusion bound, which would have been observed in case of a pure background distribution. Using the predictions of the desired model provided by the user as input, HiggsBounds determines the most sensitive channel and tests whether the considered parameter point is excluded at the 95% C.L. HiggsBounds is available as a Fortran 77 and Fortran 90 code. The code can be invoked as a command line version, a subroutine version and an online version. Examples of exclusion bounds obtained with HiggsBounds are discussed for the Standard Model, for a model with a fourth generation of quarks and leptons and for the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with and without CP-violation. The experimental information on the exclusion bounds currently implemented in HiggsBounds will be updated as new results from the Higgs searches become available.

Philip Bechtle; Oliver Brein; Sven Heinemeyer; Georg Weiglein; Karina E. Williams

2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

Two-sided estimates of minimum-error distinguishability of mixed quantum states via generalized Holevo-Curlander bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove a concise factor-of-2 estimate for the failure rate of optimally distinguishing an arbitrary ensemble of mixed quantum states, generalizing work of Holevo [Theor. Probab. Appl. 23, 411 (1978)] and Curlander [Ph.D. Thesis, MIT, 1979]. A modification to the minimal principle of Cocha and Poor [Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Quantum Communication, Measurement, and Computing (Rinton, Princeton, NJ, 2003)] is used to derive a suboptimal measurement which has an error rate within a factor of 2 of the optimal by construction. This measurement is quadratically weighted and has appeared as the first iterate of a sequence of measurements proposed by Jezek et al. [Phys. Rev. A 65, 060301 (2002)]. Unlike the so-called pretty good measurement, it coincides with Holevo's asymptotically optimal measurement in the case of nonequiprobable pure states. A quadratically weighted version of the measurement bound by Barnum and Knill [J. Math. Phys. 43, 2097 (2002)] is proven. Bounds on the distinguishability of syndromes in the sense of Schumacher and Westmoreland [Phys. Rev. A 56, 131 (1997)] appear as a corollary. An appendix relates our bounds to the trace-Jensen inequality.

Jon Tyson

2009-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

119

Attitudes of Texas agrilife extension 4-H agents on incorporating science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) in 4-H youth development.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this study was to determine the attitudes of Texas Agrilife Extension county 4-H agents on incorporating science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM)… (more)

[No author

120

LOT SIZING WITH INVENTORY BOUNDS AND FIXED COSTS ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bounds. We consider two models, one with linear cost on inventory, the other with linear ... make use of the inventory bounds explicitly and give exact separation ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Improved Error Bounds for the Adiabatic Approximation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the discovery of adiabatic quantum computing, a need has arisen for rigorously proven bounds for the error in the adiabatic approximation. We present in this paper, a rigorous and elementary derivation of upper and lower bounds on the error incurred from using the adiabatic approximation for quantum systems. Our bounds are often asymptotically tight in the limit of slow evolution for fixed Hamiltonians, and are used to provide sufficient conditions for the application of the adiabatic approximation. We show that our sufficiency criteria exclude the Marzlin--Sanders counterexample from the class of Hamiltonians that obey the adiabatic approximation. Finally, we demonstrate the existence of classes of Hamiltonians that resemble the Marzlin--Sanders counterexample Hamiltonian, but also obey the adiabatic approximation.

Cheung, Donny; Wiebe, Nathan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Laboratory bounds on electron Lorentz violation  

SciTech Connect

Violations of Lorentz boost symmetry in the electron and photon sectors can be constrained by studying several different high-energy phenomenon. Although they may not lead to the strongest bounds numerically, measurements made in terrestrial laboratories produce the most reliable results. Laboratory bounds can be based on observations of synchrotron radiation, as well as the observed absences of vacuum Cerenkov radiation (e{sup {+-}{yields}e{+-}+{gamma}}) and photon decay ({gamma}{yields}e{sup +}+e{sup -}). Using measurements of synchrotron energy losses at LEP and the survival of TeV photons, we place new bounds on the three electron Lorentz-violation coefficients c{sub (TJ)}, at the 3x10{sup -13} to 6x10{sup -15} levels.

Altschul, Brett [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208 (United States)

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Propagation bounds and soft photon bounds for the massless spin-boson model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider generalized versions of the massless spin-boson model. We prove detailed bounds on the number of bosons in certain spatial regions (propagation bounds) and on the number of bosons with low momentum (soft photon bounds). This work is an extension of our earlier work in 'Approach to ground state and time-independent photon bound for massless spin-boson models' (arXiv:1109.5582, Ann. H. Poincare, 2012). Together with the results in arXiv:1109.5582, the bounds of the present paper suffice to prove asymptotic completeness, as we describe in a joint submission to arXiv: 'Asymptotic completeness for the massless spin-boson model'.

W. De Roeck; A. Kupiainen

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Error bounds of certain Gaussian quadrature formulae  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the kernel of the remainder term of Gauss quadrature rules for analytic functions with respect to one class of Bernstein-Szego weight functions. The location on the elliptic contours where the modulus of the kernel attains its maximum value ... Keywords: Analytic function, Elliptic contour, Error bound, Gauss quadrature, Kernel, Remainder term, primary, secondary

Miodrag M. Spalevi?; Miroslav S. Prani?

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Anomalous dimensions of multiquark bound states  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of six-quark color-singlet state distribution amplitudes is formulated as an application of perturbative quantum chromodynamics to nuclear wave functions. We present a general method of solving the evolution equation for multiquark bound states and predict the asymptotic Q/sup 2/ slope for the deuteron charge form factor as a result.

Ji, C.R.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Location Games and Bounds for Median Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a two-person zero-sum game in which the maximizer selects a point in a given bounded planar region, the minimizer selects K points in that region,.and the payoff is the distance from the maximizer's location ...

Haimovich, Mordecai

127

On Quantum Capacity and its Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quantum capacity of a pure quantum channel and that of classical-quantum-classical channel are discussed in detail based on the fully quantum mechanical mutual entropy. It is proved that the quantum capacity generalizes the so-called Holevo bound.

Masanori Ohya; Igor V. Volovich

2004-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

128

Locating Bound Structure in an Accelerating Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the overwhelming evidence that the universe is currently undergoing an accelerated expansion, the question of what are the largest gravitationally bound structures remains. A couple of groups, Busha et al. 2003 (B03) and Dunner et al. 2006 (D06), have attempted to analytically define these limits, arriving at substantially different estimates due to differences in their assumptions about the velocities at the present epoch. In an effort to locate the largest bound structures in the universe, we selected the Aquarius (ASC), Microscopium (MSC), Corona Borealis (CBSC), and Shapley (SSC) superclusters for study, due to their high number density of rich Abell clusters. Simple N-body simulations, which assumed negligible intercluster mass, were used to assess the likelihood of these structures being gravitationally bound, and the predictions of the models of B03 and D06 were compared with those results. We find that ASC, and MSC contain pairs of clusters which are gravitationally bound, A2541/A2546 and A3695/...

Pearson, David W

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Exact bounds for average pairwise network reliability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several methods for finding exact bounds of average pairwise network connectivity (APNC) are proposed. These methods allows faster decision making about if a network is reliable for its purpose. Previous results on cumulitive updating of all-terminal ... Keywords: algorithm, network reliability, pairwise connectivity

Alexey Rodionov; Olga Rodionova

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Regularities and their relations to error bounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we mainly study various notions of regularity for a finite collection {C1,?,Cm} of closed convex subsets of a Banach space X and their relations with other fundamental concepts. ... Keywords: error bound, graph, linearly regular, multifunction, normal cone, positive linear functional, property (G), regular, strong CHIP, tangent cone

Kung Fu Ng; Wei Hong Yang

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Graphic math  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the power grid, and even social networks. Better understanding of the mathematical fundamentals underlying modern networks may lead to advances in cyber security, cryptography,...

132

Math Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the key enabling breakthrough for the realization of efficient and economical fuel … more. ... Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Tool for Chem/Bio Protection of ...

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

133

Planetary Math  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rover, Curiosity. We are powering spacecraft such as Cassini, to study Saturn; New Horizons, on its way to take the first close look at Pluto, and Voyager 1, which is currently...

134

Math News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... assigned to Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Department tests an aircraft jet engine for ... in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality as ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

135

Copy of Bound Original For Scanning  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Copy of Bound Original Copy of Bound Original For Scanning Document # 1\1\ i g -b DOE/El/-0005/6 Formerly Utilized IVIEWAEC Site! Remedial Action Progrhn, F@diilogical Survey of the Seaway Industrial Par Tonawanda, New Yor May 197 Final Repel Prepared f U.S. Department of Enerc Assistant Secretary for Environme Division of Environmental Control Technolo Washington, D.C. 205, uric Contract No. W-7405-ENG- - - - Available from: ' : -. National Technical Information Service (NTIS) U.S. Department of Comnerce 5285 Port Royal Road Springfield, Virginia 22161 price: Printed Copy: $ 5.25 Microffche: $ 3.00 PREFACE This series of reports results from a program initiated in 1974 by the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) for determination of the condition of sites formerly utilized by the Manhattan Engineering District &ED)

136

Floquet bound states in the continuum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum mechanics predicts that certain stationary potentials can sustain bound states with an energy buried in the continuous spectrum of scattered states, the so-called bound states in the continuum (BIC). Originally regarded as mathematical curiosities, BIC have found an increasing interest in recent years, particularly in quantum and classical transport of matter and optical waves in mesoscopic and photonic systems where the underlying potential can be judiciously tailored. Most of our knowledge of BIC is so far restricted to static potentials. Here we introduce a new kind of BIC, referred to as Floquet BIC, which corresponds to a normalizable Floquet state of a time-periodic Hamiltonian with a quasienergy embedded into the spectrum of Floquet scattered states. We discuss the appearance of Floquet BIC states in a tight-binding lattice model driven by an ac field in the proximity of the dynamic localization regime

Stefano Longhi; Giuseppe Della Valle

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

137

Performance bound for quantum absorption refrigerators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An implementation of quantum absorption chillers with three qubits has been recently proposed, that is ideally able to reach the Carnot performance regime. Here we study the working efficiency of such self-contained refrigerators, adopting a consistent treatment of dissipation effects. We demonstrate that the coefficient of performance at maximum cooling power is upper bounded by 3/4 of the Carnot performance. The result is independent of the details of the system and the equilibrium temperatures of the external baths. We provide design prescriptions that saturate the bound in the limit of a large difference between the operating temperatures. Our study suggests that delocalized dissipation, which must be taken into account for a proper modelling of the machine-baths interaction, is a fundamental source of irreversibility which prevents the refrigerator from approaching the Carnot performance arbitrarily closely in practice. The potential role of quantum correlations in the operation of these machines is also investigated.

Luis A. Correa; José P. Palao; Gerardo Adesso; Daniel Alonso

2012-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

138

Mutual information rate and bounds for it  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The amount of information exchanged per unit of time between two nodes in a dynamical network or between two data sets is a powerful concept for analysing complex systems. This quantity, known as the mutual information rate (MIR), is calculated from the mutual information, which is rigorously defined only for random systems. Moreover, the definition of mutual information is based on probabilities of significant events. This work offers a simple alternative way to calculate the MIR in dynamical (deterministic) networks or between two data sets (not fully deterministic), and to calculate its upper and lower bounds without having to calculate probabilities, but rather in terms of well known and well defined quantities in dynamical systems. As possible applications of our bounds, we study the relationship between synchronisation and the exchange of information in a system of two coupled maps and in experimental networks of coupled oscillators.

M. S. Baptista; R. M. Rubinger; E. R. V. Junior; J. C. Sartorelli; U. Parlitz; C. Grebogi

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

139

Preservation under Substructures modulo Bounded Cores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a model-theoretic property that generalizes the classical notion of "preservation under substructures". We call this property \\emph{preservation under substructures modulo bounded cores}, and present a syntactic characterization via $\\Sigma_2^0$ sentences for properties of arbitrary structures definable by FO sentences. Towards a sharper characterization, we conjecture that the count of existential quantifiers in the $\\Sigma_2^0$ sentence equals the size of the smallest bounded core. While we do not have a proof of the conjecture yet, we show that it holds for special fragments of FO and also over special classes of structures. We present a (not FO-definable) class of finite structures for which the conjecture fails, but for which the classical {\\L}o\\'s-Tarski preservation theorem holds. As a fallout of our studies, we have obtained combinatorial proofs of the {\\L}o\\'s-Tarski theorem for some of the aforementioned cases.

Sankaran, Abhisekh; Madan, Vivek; Kamath, Pritish; Chakraborty, Supratik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Bounds on free energy in QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive some exact bounds on the free energy $W(J)$ in QCD, where $J_\\mu^b$ is a source for the gluon field $A_\\mu^b$ in the minimal Landau gauge, and $W(J)$ is the generating functional of connected gluon correlators. Among other results, we show that for a static source $J(x) = h$ the free energy vanishes, $W(h) = 0$, together with its first derivative, ${\\partial W(h) \\over \\partial h} = 0,$ for all $h$, no matter how strong. Thus the system does not respond to a static color probe. We also present numerical evaluations of the free energy $W(J)$ and find that the bounds are well satisfied and in fact undersaturated.

Axel Maas; Daniel Zwanziger

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Multipartite secret key distillation and bound entanglement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently it has been shown that quantum cryptography beyond pure entanglement distillation is possible and a paradigm for the associated protocols has been established. Here we systematically generalize the whole paradigm to the multipartite scenario. We provide constructions of new classes of multipartite bound entangled states, i.e., those with underlying twisted Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) structure and nonzero distillable cryptographic key. We quantitatively estimate the key from below with the help of the privacy squeezing technique.

Augusiak, Remigiusz; Horodecki, Pawel [Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland) and ICFO-Institute Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); Faculty of Applied Physics and Mathematics, Gdansk University of Technology, Narutowicza 11/12, 80-952 Gdansk (Poland)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Optimal bounds for quantum weak oblivious transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oblivious transfer is a fundamental cryptographic primitive in which Bob transfers one of two bits to Alice in such a way that Bob cannot know which of the two bits Alice has learned. We present an optimal security bound for quantum oblivious transfer protocols under a natural and demanding definition of what it means for Alice to cheat. Our lower bound is a smooth tradeoff between the probability B with which Bob can guess Alice's bit choice and the probability A with which Alice can guess both of Bob's bits given that she learns one of the bits with certainty. We prove that 2B + A is greater than or equal to 2 in any quantum protocol for oblivious transfer, from which it follows that one of the two parties must be able to cheat with probability at least 2/3. We prove that this bound is optimal by exhibiting a family of protocols whose cheating probabilities can be made arbitrarily close to any point on the tradeoff curve.

André Chailloux; Gus Gutoski; Jamie Sikora

2013-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

143

MATH 337, by T. Lakoba, University of Vermont 140 15 The Heat equation in 2 and 3 spatial dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Heat equation (15.1), we cover domain D with a two-dimensional grid. As we have just noted above also discretize the time variable with a step size . Then the three-dimensional grid for the 2D HeatMATH 337, by T. Lakoba, University of Vermont 140 15 The Heat equation in 2 and 3 spatial

Lakoba, Taras I.

144

Analysis of reservoir heterogeneities due to shallowing-upward cycles in carbonate rocks of the Pennsylvanian Wahoo Limestone of Northeastern Alaska. Annual report, October 1990--September 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this project is to develop an integrated database to characterize reservoir heterogeneities resulting from numerous small-scale shallowing-upward cycles (parasequences) comprising the carboniferous Pennsylvanian Wahoo Limestone. The Wahoo Limestone is the upper formation of an extensive carbonate platform sequence of the Carboniferous Lisburne Group which is widely exposed in the Brooks Range and is a widespread hydrocarbon reservoir unit in the subsurface of the North Slope of Alaska. A principal goal is to determine lateral and vertical variations in the complex mosaic of carbonate facies comprising the Wahoo Limestone. This report presents the preliminary results of research accomplished by a team of specialists in carbonate petrology, biostratigraphy, and diagenesis during the 1990--1991 fiscal year.It includes a summary of regional geological framework studies, a discussion conodont analyses, an overview of diagenetic studies, a brief description of progress in computerized database development, and appendices containing some of the new data on petrographic analyses, conodont analyses, and locality and sample information. Our correlation scheme, which uses cyclic stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, and cement stratigraphy, will allow interpretation of the depositional history and paleogeographic evolution of the region. We have developed predictive facies models and will make paleogeographic maps to illustrate different stages in the history of the Wahoo carbonate ramp. Our detailed analyses of the Wahoo Limestone will provide a basis for interpreting correlative rocks in the adjacent subsurface of the coastal plain of ANWR, a potential hydrocarbon lease-sale area. In a broader sense, our work will provide an excellent generic example of carbonate shallowing-upward cycles which typify carbonate sediments.

Watts, K.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Analysis of reservoir heterogeneities due to shallowing-upward cycles in carbonate rocks of the Pennsylvanian Wahoo Limestone of Northeastern Alaska  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this project is to develop an integrated database to characterize reservoir heterogeneities resulting from numerous small-scale shallowing-upward cycles (parasequences) comprising the carboniferous Pennsylvanian Wahoo Limestone. The Wahoo Limestone is the upper formation of an extensive carbonate platform sequence of the Carboniferous Lisburne Group which is widely exposed in the Brooks Range and is a widespread hydrocarbon reservoir unit in the subsurface of the North Slope of Alaska. A principal goal is to determine lateral and vertical variations in the complex mosaic of carbonate facies comprising the Wahoo Limestone. This report presents the preliminary results of research accomplished by a team of specialists in carbonate petrology, biostratigraphy, and diagenesis during the 1990--1991 fiscal year.It includes a summary of regional geological framework studies, a discussion conodont analyses, an overview of diagenetic studies, a brief description of progress in computerized database development, and appendices containing some of the new data on petrographic analyses, conodont analyses, and locality and sample information. Our correlation scheme, which uses cyclic stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, and cement stratigraphy, will allow interpretation of the depositional history and paleogeographic evolution of the region. We have developed predictive facies models and will make paleogeographic maps to illustrate different stages in the history of the Wahoo carbonate ramp. Our detailed analyses of the Wahoo Limestone will provide a basis for interpreting correlative rocks in the adjacent subsurface of the coastal plain of ANWR, a potential hydrocarbon lease-sale area. In a broader sense, our work will provide an excellent generic example of carbonate shallowing-upward cycles which typify carbonate sediments.

Watts, K.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Applied Math PI Meet Talks | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

News & Resources » ASCR News & Resources » ASCR Workshops and Conferences » Applied Math PI Meet Talks Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources ASCR Discovery Monthly News Roundup News Archives ASCR Program Documents ASCR Workshops and Conferences Workshops & Conferences Archive DOE Simulations Summit Scientific Grand Challenges Workshop Series SciDAC Conferences HPC Best Practices Workshops ASCR Presentations 100Gbps Science Network Related Links Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301)

147

Bounds on distance distributions in codes of known size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We treat the problem of bounding components of the possible distance distributions of codes given the knowledge of their size and possibly minimum distance. Using the Beckner inequality from harmonic analysis, we derive upper bounds on distance distribution ...

A. E. Ashikhmin; G. D. Cohen; M. Krivelevich; S. N. Litsyn

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

An Effective Cost Lower Bound for Multistage Stochastic Linear ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this context it is useful to have some cost bound in order to assess the quality of the ... programs which provide upper and lower bounds on the optimal cost of.

149

Stability of error bounds for convex constraint systems in Banach ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 7, 2010 ... space X the error bound property is defined by the inequality ... is the error bound modulus [8]) (also known as conditioning rate [23]) of f at ¯x.

150

Lower bound estimation for low power high-level synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of estimating lower bounds on the power consumption in scheduled data flow graphs with a fixed number of allocated resources prior to binding. The estimated bound takes into account the effects of resource sharing. It ...

Lars Kruse; Eike Schmidt; Gerd Jochens; Ansgar Stammermann; Wolfgang Nebel

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

The bound $r \\leq 16?$ on the primordial tensor perturbation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I recall the well-known sufficient conditions for the bound $r<16\\epsilon$ on the spectrum of the primordial tensor perturbation. Two recent papers claim a violation of this bound, without stating explicitely any violation of the sufficient conditions.

David H. Lyth

2005-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

152

Outer Bounds for User Cooperation Ravi Tandon Sennur Ulukus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outer Bounds for User Cooperation Ravi Tandon Sennur Ulukus Department of Electrical and Computer. New York:Wiley, 1991. [7] R. Tandon and S. Ulukus. Dependence balance based outer bounds for Gaussian

Ulukus, Sennur

153

Bounds on Heavy-to-Heavy Baryonic Form Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upper and lower bounds are established on the Lambda_b -> Lambda_c semileptonic decay form factors by utilizing inclusive heavy-quark-effective-theory sum rules. These bounds are calculated to leading order in Lambda_QCD/m_Q and alpha_s. The O(alpha_s^2 beta_0) corrections to the bounds at zero recoil are also presented. Several form factor models used in the literature are compared with our bounds.

Cheng-Wei Chiang

1999-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

154

Bounds on Heavy-to-Heavy Baryonic Form Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upper and lower bounds are established on the Lambda_b -> Lambda_c semileptonic decay form factors by utilizing inclusive heavy-quark-effective-theory sum rules. These bounds are calculated to leading order in Lambda_QCD/m_Q and alpha_s. The O(alpha_s^2 beta_0) corrections to the bounds at zero recoil are also presented. Several form factor models used in the literature are compared with our bounds.

Chiang, C W

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Model Independent Bounds on Kinetic Mixing  

SciTech Connect

New Abelian vector bosons can kinetically mix with the hypercharge gauge boson of the Standard Model. This letter computes the model independent limits on vector bosons with masses from 1 GeV to 1 TeV. The limits arise from the numerous e{sup +}e{sup -} experiments that have been performed in this energy range and bound the kinetic mixing by {epsilon} {approx}< 0.03 for most of the mass range studied, regardless of any additional interactions that the new vector boson may have.

Hook, Anson; Izaguirre, Eder; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

156

Dipole Moment Bounds on Dark Matter Annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider constraints on simplified models in which scalar dark matter annihilates to light charged leptons through the exchange of charged mediators. We find that loop diagrams will contribute corrections to the magnetic and electric dipole moments of the light charged leptons, and experimental constraints on these corrections place significant bounds on the dark matter annihilation cross section. In particular, annihilation to electrons with an observable cross section would be ruled out, while annihilation to muons is only permitted if the dominant contributions arise from CP-violating interactions.

Keita Fukushima; Jason Kumar

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

157

On distribution and almost convergence of bounded sequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we give the concepts of properly distributed and simply distributed sequences, and prove that they are almost convergent. Basing on these, we review the work of Feng and Li [Feng, B. Q. and Li, J. L., Some estimations of Banach limits, J. Math. Anal. Appl. 323(2006) No. 1, 481-496. MR2262220 46B45 (46A45).], which is shown to be a special case of our generalized theory.

Chao You; Bao Qi Feng

2008-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

158

Bounds for the sum of dependent risks having overlapping marginals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe several analytical and numerical procedures to obtain bounds on the distribution function of a sum of n dependent risks having fixed overlapping marginals. As an application, we produce bounds on quantile-based risk measures for portfolios ... Keywords: 60E05, 60E15, Copula functions, Dependent risks, Fréchet bounds, Mass transportation theory, Overlapping marginals, Value-at-Risk

Paul Embrechts; Giovanni Puccetti

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Bounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the pricing of European-style discrete arithmetic Asian options with fixed and floating strike is studied by deriving analytical lower and upper bounds. In our approach we use a general technique for deriving upper (and lower) bounds for ... Keywords: Asian option, Black and Scholes setting, analytical bounds, comonotonicity

M. Vanmaele; G. Deelstra; J. Liinev; J. Dhaene; M. J. Goovaerts

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Bounds for the price of discrete arithmetic Asian options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the pricing of European-style discrete arithmetic Asian options with fixed and floating strike is studied by deriving analytical lower and upper bounds. In our approach we use a general technique for deriving upper (and lower) bounds for ... Keywords: Analytical bounds, Asian option, Black and Scholes setting, Comonotonicity

M. Vanmaele; G. Deelstra; J. Liinev; J. Dhaene; M. J. Goovaerts

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Tank 41H bounding uranium enrichment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intent of this document is to combine data from salt samples and historical process information to bound the uranium (U-235) enrichment which could be expected in the upper portion of the salt in Tank 41H. This bounding enrichment will be used in another document to establish a nuclear safety basis for initial salt removal operations. During the processing period of interest (4/82-4/87), waste was fed to the 2H Evaporator from Tank 43H, and the evaporator bottoms were sent to Tank 41H where the bottoms were allowed to cool (resulting in the formation of salt deposits in the tank). As Tank 41H was filled with concentrate, the supernate left after salt formation was recycled back to Tank 43H and reprocessed through the evaporator along with any additional waste which had been added to Tank 43H. As Tank 41 H filled with salt, this recycle took place with increasing frequency because it took less time to fill the decreased volume with evaporator concentrate. By determining which of the sampled waste tanks were receiving fresh waste from the canyons at the time the tanks were sampled (from published transfer records), it was possible to deduce which samples were likely representative of fresh canyon waste. The processing that was being carried out in the Separation canyons when these tanks were sampled, should be comparable to the processing while Tank 41H was being filled.

Cavin, W.S.

1994-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

162

Studies on upward flame spread  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and A. Alkidas. Combustion of wood in methanol flames.of wet and dry wood by radiation. Combustion and Flame, 11(

Gollner, Michael J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The FKPP equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity and this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.

Daniel A. Birch; Yue-Kin Tsang; William R. Young

2007-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

164

Bound states in a strong magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

We expect a strong magnetic field to be produced in the perpendicular direction to the reaction plane, in a noncentral heavy-ion collision . The strength of the magnetic field is estimated to be eB{approx}m{sup 2}{sub {pi}}{approx} 0.02 GeV{sup 2} at the RHIC and eB{approx} 15m{sup 2}{sub {pi}}{approx} 0.3 GeV{sup 2} at the LHC. We investigate the effects of the magnetic field on B{sup 0} and D{sup 0} mesons, focusing on the changes of the energy levels and of the mass of the bound states.

Machado, C. S.; Navarra, F. S.; Noronha, J.; Oliveira, E. G. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo Rua do Matao, Travessa R, 187, 05508-090 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Ferreira Filho, L. G. [Departamento de Matematica e Computacao, Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Rodovia Presidente Dutra, km 298, Polo Industrial, CEP 27537-000, Resende, RJ (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

165

Bounding biomass in the Fisher equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The FKPP equation with a variable growth rate and advection by an incompressible velocity field is considered as a model for plankton dispersed by ocean currents. If the average growth rate is negative then the model has a survival-extinction transition; the location of this transition in the parameter space is constrained using variational arguments and delimited by simulations. The statistical steady state reached when the system is in the survival region of parameter space is characterized by integral constraints and upper and lower bounds on the biomass and productivity that follow from variational arguments and direct inequalities. In the limit of zero-decorrelation time the velocity field is shown to act as Fickian diffusion with an eddy diffusivity much larger than the molecular diffusivity and this allows a one-dimensional model to predict the biomass, productivity and extinction transitions. All results are illustrated with a simple growth and stirring model.

Birch, Daniel A; Young, William R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

BPS bounds in supersymmetric extensions of K field theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate that in the supersymmetric extensions of a class of generalized (or K) field theories introduced recently, the static energy satisfies a BPS bound in each topological sector. Further, the corresponding soliton solutions saturate the bound. We also find strong indications that the BPS bound shows up in the SUSY algebra as a central extension, as is the case in the well-known supersymmetric field theories with standard kinetic terms.

Adam, C; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Sphere Lower Bound for Rotated Lattice Constellations in Fading Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the error probability performance of rotated lattice constellations in frequency-flat Nakagami-$m$ block-fading channels. In particular, we use the sphere lower bound on the underlying infinite lattice as a performance benchmark. We show that the sphere lower bound has full diversity. We observe that optimally rotated lattices with largest known minimum product distance perform very close to the lower bound, while the ensemble of random rotations is shown to lack diversity and perform far from it.

Fabregas, Albert Guillen i

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Bounds on Heavy-to-Heavy Weak Decay Form Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide upper and lower bounds on the semileptonic weak decay form factors for $B \\to D^(*)$ and $\\Lambda_b \\to \\Lambda_c$ decays by utilizing inclusive heavy quark effective theory sum rules. These bounds are calculated to second order in $\\Lambda_{QCD}/m_Q$ and first order in $\\alpha_s$. The $O(\\alpha_s^2 \\beta_0)$ corrections to the bounds at zero recoil are also presented.

Chiang, C W

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Bounds on Heavy-to-Heavy Weak Decay Form Factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide upper and lower bounds on the semileptonic weak decay form factors for $B \\to D^(*)$ and $\\Lambda_b \\to \\Lambda_c$ decays by utilizing inclusive heavy quark effective theory sum rules. These bounds are calculated to second order in $\\Lambda_{QCD}/m_Q$ and first order in $\\alpha_s$. The $O(\\alpha_s^2 \\beta_0)$ corrections to the bounds at zero recoil are also presented.

Cheng-Wei Chiang

2000-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

170

Improved Complexity Bound of Vertex Cover for Low degree Graph  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we use a new method to decrease the parameterized complexity bound for finding the minimum vertex cover of connected max-degree-3 undirected graphs. The key operation of this method is reduction of the size of a particular subset of edges which we introduce in this paper and is called as "real-cycle" subset. Using "real-cycle" reductions alone we compute a complexity bound $O(1.15855^k)$ where $k$ is size of the optimal vertex cover. Combined with other techniques, the complexity bound can be further improved to be $O(1.1504^k)$. This is currently the best complexity bound.

Yue, Weiya; Cao, Weiwei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Basis Reduction, and the Complexity of Branch-and-Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analysis builds on the ideas of Furst and Kannan to bound the number .... However, they seem difficult to analyze in general. Aardal ..... and Job W. Smeltink.

172

Optimization Online - Lot Sizing with Inventory Bounds and Fixed ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 15, 2003 ... Abstract: We investigate the polyhedral structure of the lot-sizing problem with inventory bounds. We consider two models, one with linear costs ...

173

Optimization Online - Hybrid LP/SDP Bounding Procedure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 24, 2012... Bounding Procedure allows a noticeable reduction of computing time and a cut of almost one order of magnitude for the branching nodes.

174

A Level-3 Reformulation-Linearization Technique Based Bound for ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrical and Systems Engineering, The University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, PA ... are the lift-and-project SDP bound and the two level-2 RLT-

175

Local purity distillation with bounded classical communication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local pure states are an important resource for quantum computing. The problem of distilling local pure states from mixed ones can be cast in an information theoretic paradigm. The bipartite version of this problem where local purity must be distilled from an arbitrary quantum state shared between two parties, Alice and Bob, is closely related to the problem of separating quantum and classical correlations in the state and in particular, to a measure of classical correlations called the one-way distillable common randomness. In Phys. Rev. A 71, 062303 (2005), the optimal rate of local purity distillation is derived when many copies of a bipartite quantum state are shared between Alice and Bob, and the parties are allowed unlimited use of a unidirectional dephasing channel. In the present paper, we extend this result to the setting in which the use of the channel is bounded. We demonstrate that in the case of a classical-quantum system, the expression for the local purity distilled is efficiently computable and provide examples with their tradeoff curves.

Hari Krovi; Igor Devetak

2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

176

Time-bounded essential localization for wireless sensor networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many practical applications of wireless sensor networks, it is crucial to accomplish the localization of sensors within a given time bound. We find that the traditional definition of relative localization is inappropriate for evaluating its actual ... Keywords: essential localization, relative localization, time-bounded localization, wireless sensor networks

Wei Cheng; Nan Zhang; Xiuzhen Cheng; Min Song; Dechang Chen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Factorization law for two lower bounds of concurrence  

SciTech Connect

We study the dynamics of two lower bounds of concurrence in bipartite quantum systems when one party goes through an arbitrary channel. We show that these lower bounds obey the factorization law similar to that of [Konrad et al., Nat. Phys. 4, 99 (2008)]. We also discuss the application of this property in an example.

Mirafzali, Sayyed Yahya; Sargolzahi, Iman; Ahanj, Ali; Javidan, Kurosh; Sarbishaei, Mohsen [Department of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Khayyam Institute of Higher Education, Mashhad, Iran and School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Science (IPM), P. O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

178

Mutual information bounds for MIMO channels under imperfect receiver CSI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose an upper and a lower bound on the mutual information of a pilot-aided MIMO link operating under imperfect receiver CSI. Said bounds depend on the linear channel estimator employed. They can be understood as a generalization of results from ...

Adriano Pastore; Michael Joham

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Aluminum stimulates uptake of non-transferrin bound iron and transferrin bound iron in human glial cells  

SciTech Connect

Aluminum and other trivalent metals were shown to stimulate uptake of transferrin bound iron and nontransferrin bound iron in erytholeukemia and hepatoma cells. Because of the association between aluminum and Alzheimer's Disease, and findings of higher levels of iron in Alzheimer's disease brains, the effects of aluminum on iron homeostasis were examined in a human glial cell line. Aluminum stimulated dose- and time-dependent uptake of nontransferrin bound iron and iron bound to transferrin. A transporter was likely involved in the uptake of nontransferrin iron because uptake reached saturation, was temperature-dependent, and attenuated by inhibitors of protein synthesis. Interestingly, the effects of aluminum were not blocked by inhibitors of RNA synthesis. Aluminum also decreased the amount of iron bound to ferritin though it did not affect levels of divalent metal transporter 1. These results suggest that aluminum disrupts iron homeostasis in Brain by several mechanisms including the transferrin receptor, a nontransferrin iron transporter, and ferritin.

Kim, Yongbae [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University (United States); Department of Preventive Medicine, Soonchunhyan University, Chunan City (Korea, Republic of) ; Olivi, Luisa [School of Pharmacy, Sahmyook University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) ; Cheong, Jae Hoon [School of Pharmacy, Sahmyook University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) ; Maertens, Alex [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University (United States); Bressler, Joseph P. [Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University (United States) and Kennedy-Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD 21205 (United States)]. E-mail: Bressler@kennedykrieger.org

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Security bounds for continuous variables quantum key distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security bounds for key distribution protocols using coherent and squeezed states and homodyne measurements are presented. These bounds refer to (i) general attacks and (ii) collective attacks where Eve interacts individually with the sent states, but delays her measurement until the end of the reconciliation process. For the case of a lossy line and coherent states, it is first proven that a secure key distribution is possible up to 1.9 dB of losses. For the second scenario, the security bounds are the same as for the completely incoherent attack.

Miguel Navascues; Antonio Acin

2004-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Causal Bounds and Observable Constraints for Non-deterministic Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conditional independence relations involving latent variables do not necessarily imply observable independences. They may imply inequality constraints on observable parameters and causal bounds, which can be used for falsification and identification. ...

Roland R. Ramsahai

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Approaches to mechanism design with boundedly rational agents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation ties together three papers on mechanism design with boundedly rational agents. These papers explore theoretically whether, and to what extent, limitations on agents' ability to strategically misrepresent ...

Carroll, Gabriel D. (Gabriel Drew)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

On the signal bounding problem in timing analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the propagation of slew dependent bounding signals and the corresponding slew problem in static timing analysis. The selection of slew from the latest arriving signal, a commonly used strategy, may violate the rule of monotonic ...

Jin Fuw Lee; D. L. Ostapko; Jeffery Soreff; C. K. Wong

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A lightweight specification language for bounded program verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a new light-weight specification language called JForge Specification Language (JFSL) for object-oriented languages such as Java. The language is amenable to bounded verification analysis by a tool ...

Yessenov, Kuat T

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Copositive programming motivated bounds on the stability and the ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 30, 2006... been introduced as an upper bound on the Shannon capacity of a .... A (proper ) s-coloring of a graph G(V,E) is a mapping c : V ? {1, ..., s} ...

186

a New Conformal Window Bound from the a theorem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel constraint on the gauge dynamics of strongly interacting gauge theories stemming from the a theorem. The inequality we suggest is used to provide a lower bound on the conformal window of four dimensional gauge theories.

Oleg Antipin; Marc Gillioz; Francesco Sannino

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

187

Best k-digit rational bounds for irrational numbers: Pre- and super-computer era  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present here the best k-digit rational bounds for a given irrational number, where the numerator has k digits. Of the two bounds, either the upper bound or the lower bound, will be the best k-digit rational approximation for the given irrational number. ... Keywords: Error-free application, Irrational numbers, Pre-historic computing, Rational bounds, Supercomputer

S. K. Sen; Ravi P. Agarwal; Raffaella Pavani

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Balanced lines, halving triangles, and the generalized lower bound theorem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent result by Pach and Pinchasi on so-called balanced lines of a finite two-colored point set in the plane is related to other facts on halving triangles in 3-space and to a special case of the Generalized Lower Bound Theorem for convex polytopes. Keywords: $k$-sets, Gale transform, Lovasz Lemma, balanced lines, generalized lower bound theorem, halving triangles

Micha Sharir; Emo Welzl

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

MATH 526 Numerical Linear Algebra Section 001: MWF 10:10-11:00, LC 405 Section 002: MWF 10:10-11:00, LC 405  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Algebra, 3rd Edition, by Gilbert Strang. Prerequisite or Corequisites: MATH 241 Vector Calculus. Academic Integrity: Please don't cheat. Tests and quizzes are designed for you to demonstrate to me what will be take-home and will be geared more toward asking you to think. They will be given on Wednesdays and due

Choate, Eric P.

190

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses that were the focus of her studies, but it was the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses like Introduction to Art History and The Near East from Alexander to Muhammad," she said. "In Pakistan at an orphanage in Mexico. Looking ahead, Ayesha intends to earn her medical degree and work in rural Pakistan. "I

191

arXiv:1103.2923v1[math.OC]15Mar2011 Estimation of Saturation of Permanent-Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:1103.2923v1[math.OC]15Mar2011 Estimation of Saturation of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motors a parametric model of the saturated Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) together with an estimation: Permanent magnet synchronous motor, mag- netic circuit modeling, magnetic saturation, energy-based mod

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

192

Bounds on Eigenvalues of Matrices Arising from Interior-Point Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 7, 2012 ... In this paper we use energy estimates to obtain bounds on the ... has more favorable eigenvalue bounds than the alternative reduced versions.

193

A gauged baby Skyrme model and a novel BPS bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The baby Skyrme model is a well-known nonlinear field theory supporting topological solitons in two space dimensions. Its action functional consists of a potential term, a kinetic term quadratic in derivatives (the "nonlinear sigma model term") and the Skyrme term quartic in first derivatives. The limiting case of vanishing sigma model term (the so-called BPS baby Skyrme model) is known to support exact soliton solutions saturating a BPS bound which exists for this model. Further, the BPS model has infinitely many symmetries and conservation laws. Recently it was found that the gauged version of the BPS baby Skyrme model with gauge group U(1) and the usual Maxwell term, too, has a BPS bound and BPS solutions saturating this bound. This BPS bound is determined by a superpotential which has to obey a superpotential equation, in close analogy to the situation in supergravity. Further, the BPS bound and the corresponding BPS solitons only may exist for potentials such that the superpotential equation has a global...

Adam, C; Sanchez-Guillen, J; Wereszczynski, A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Bound states at threshold resulting from Coulomb repulsion  

SciTech Connect

The eigenvalue absorption for a many-particle Hamiltonian depending on a parameter is analyzed in the framework of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. The long-range part of pair potentials is assumed to be pure Coulomb and no restriction on the particle statistics is imposed. It is proved that if the lowest dissociation threshold corresponds to the decay into two likewise non-zero charged clusters then the bound state, which approaches the threshold, does not spread and eventually becomes the bound state at threshold. The obtained results have applications in atomic and nuclear physics. In particular, we prove that an atomic ion with the critical charge Z{sub cr} and N{sub e} electrons has a bound state at threshold given that Z{sub cr} Element-Of (N{sub e}- 2, N{sub e}- 1), whereby the electrons are treated as fermions and the mass of the nucleus is finite.

Gridnev, Dmitry K. [FIAS, Ruth-Moufang Strasse 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

195

(Quasi)-Convexification of Barta's (Multi-Extrema) Bounding Theorem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been renewed interest in the exploitation of Barta's configuration space theorem (BCST, (1937)) which bounds the ground state energy. Mouchet's (2005) BCST analysis is based on gradient optimization (GO). However, it overlooks significant difficulties: (i) appearance of multi-extrema; (ii) inefficiency of GO for stiff (singular perturbation/strong coupling) problems; (iii) the nonexistence of a systematic procedure for arbitrarily improving the bounds. These deficiencies can be corrected by transforming BCST into a moments' representation equivalent, and exploiting a generalization of the Eigenvalue Moment Method (EMM), within the context of the well known Generalized Eigenvalue Problem (GEP), as developed here.

C. R. Handy

2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

196

On the energy of bound states for magnetic Schrödinger operators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a leading order semiclassical asymptotics of the energy of bound states for magnetic Neumann Schr\\"odinger operators in two dimensional (exterior) domains with smooth boundaries. The asymptotics is valid all the way up to the bottom of the essential spectrum. When the spectral parameter is varied near the value where bound states become allowed in the interior of the domain, we show that the energy has a boundary and a bulk component. The estimates rely on coherent states, in particular on the construction of `boundary coherent states', and magnetic Lieb-Thirring estimates.

S. Fournais; A. Kachmar

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Bounded limit for the Monte Carlo point-flux-estimator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a Monte Carlo random walk the kernel K(R,E) is used as an expected value estimator at every collision for the collided flux phi/sub c/ r vector,E) at the detector point. A limiting value for the kernel is derived from a diffusion approximation for the probability current at a radius R/sub 1/ from the detector point. The variance of the collided flux at the detector point is thus bounded using this asymptotic form for K(R,E). The bounded point flux estimator is derived. (WHK)

Grimesey, R.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Dancing Volvox: Hydrodynamic Bound States of Swimming Algae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spherical alga Volvox swims by means of flagella on thousands of surface somatic cells. This geometry and its large size make it a model organism for studying the fluid dynamics of multicellularity. Remarkably, when two nearby Volvox swim close to a solid surface, they attract one another and can form stable bound states in which they "waltz" or "minuet" around each other. A surface-mediated hydrodynamic attraction combined with lubrication forces between spinning, bottom-heavy Volvox explains the formation, stability and dynamics of the bound states. These phenomena are suggested to underlie observed clustering of Volvox at surfaces.

Knut Drescher; Kyriacos C. Leptos; Idan Tuval; Takuji Ishikawa; Timothy J. Pedley; Raymond E. Goldstein

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

199

Bounding the mass of the graviton using binary pulsar observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The close agreement between the predictions of dynamical general relativity for the radiated power of a compact binary system and the observed orbital decay of the binary pulsars PSR B1913+16 and PSR B1534+12 allows us to bound the graviton mass to be less than 7.6 x 10^{-20} eV with 90% confidence. This bound is the first to be obtained from dynamic, as opposed to static-field, relativity. The resulting limit on the graviton mass is within two orders of magnitude of that from solar system measurements, and can be expected to improve with further observations.

Lee Samuel Finn; Patrick J. Sutton

2001-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

200

Electron magneto-hydrodynamic waves bounded by magnetic bubble  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The propagation of electron magneto-hydrodynamic (EMHD) waves is studied experimentally in a 3-dimensional region of low magnetic field surrounded by stronger magnetic field at its boundaries. We report observations where bounded left hand polarized Helicon like EMHD waves are excited, localized in the region of low magnetic field due to the boundary effects generated by growing strengths of the ambient magnetic field rather than a conducting or dielectric material boundary. An analytical model is developed to include the effects of radially nonuniform magnetic field in the wave propagation. The bounded solutions are compared with the experimentally obtained radial wave magnetic field profiles explaining the observed localized propagation of waves.

Anitha, V. P.; Sharma, D.; Banerjee, S. P.; Mattoo, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428 (India)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa , V´ictor Dalmaub , Andrei Krokhin satisfaction problem (CSP) provides a framework in which it is possible to express, in a natural way, many.g., [11, 18]) that the CSP can be cast as the following fundamental problem: given two finite relational

Krokhin, Andrei

202

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSP duality and trees of bounded pathwidth Catarina Carvalhoa , V´ictor Dalmaub , Andrei Krokhin problem (CSP) provides a framework in which it is possible to express, in a natural way, many.g., [10, 14]) that the CSP can be cast as the following fundamental problem: given two finite relational

Krokhin, Andrei

203

Decay to bound states of a soliton in a well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The decay of a soliton in a trapped state inside a well is shown numerically. Bound states of a kink in an attractive well, both centered and off center are found. Their stability is studied. Unstable soliton solutions inside a repulsive barrier are also found.

G. Kälbermann

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

POINTWISE GREEN FUNCTION BOUNDS AND STABILITY OF COMBUSTION WAVES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POINTWISE GREEN FUNCTION BOUNDS AND STABILITY OF COMBUSTION WAVES GREGORY LYNG, MOHAMMADREZA ROOFI for traveling wave solutions of an abstract viscous combustion model including both Majda's model and the full-wave) approximation. Notably, our results apply to combustion waves of any type: weak or strong, detonations or defla

Texier, Benjamin - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

205

Closed-Form Upper Bounds in Static Cost Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The classical approach to automatic cost analysis consists of two phases. Given a program and some measure of cost, the analysis first produces cost relations (CRs), i.e., recursive equations which capture the cost of the program in ... Keywords: Abstract interpretation, Automatic complexity analysis, Closed-form upper bounds, Cost analysis, Programming languages, Resource analysis, Static analysis

Elvira Albert; Puri Arenas; Samir Genaim; Germán Puebla

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The interior transmission problem and bounds on transmission eigenvalues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the interior transmission eigenvalue problem for sign-definite multiplicative perturbations of the Laplacian in a bounded domain. We show that all but finitely many complex transmission eigenvalues are confined to a parabolic neighborhood of the positive real axis.

Michael Hitrik; Katsiaryna Krupchyk; Petri Ola; Lassi Päivärinta

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

207

Two heavy fermions bound via Higgs boson exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system of two heavy fermions, leptons or quarks of the fourth generation, which are bound together via the Higgs boson exchange is studied. The conventional Yukawa-type interaction produced by this exchange is accompanied by several important corrections. We derived the Hamiltonian, which describes the correction arising from the retardation (compare the Breit correction in QED); we also calculated the relativistic and radiative corrections. The Higgs-induced bound state appears for the fermion mass m>m_{cr} \\approx 500 GeV. When the long-range Coulomb interaction or the gluon exchange are included, the bound states exist for any mass, but the Higgs exchange drastically increases the binding energy of these states when m is approaching m_{cr}. In the region m>m_{cr} the gluon exchange gives a sizable correction to the Higgs induced binding energy. This correction greatly exceeds typical binding energies in the states produced via the gluon exchange only. The possibility of detection of the considered bound states at LHC is discussed.

Victor Flambaum; Michael Kuchiev

2011-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

208

Energy Bounds for Fault-Tolerant Nanoscale Designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of determining lower bounds for the energy cost of a given nanoscale design is addressed via a complexity theory-based approach. This paper provides a theoretical framework that is able to assess the trade-offs existing in nanoscale designs ...

Diana Marculescu

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Dipole Moment Bounds on Scalar Dark Matter Annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a scalar dark matter annihilations to light leptons mediated by charged exotic fermions. The interaction of this model also adds a correction to dipole moments of light leptons. In the simplified model, these processes will depend upon the same coupling constants. The tight experimental bounds on the dipole moments of light leptons will constrain the coupling constants. Consequently, this bound will then limit the annihilations. We will produce this dipole moment bounds on the annihilation. From this analysis, we report that the bound on annihilation to the electrons is $4.0\\times10^{-7}\\pb$ (g-2) + $8.8\\times 10^{-15}\\pb$ (EDM) and the muons is $5.6\\times 10^{-4}\\pb$ (g-2) + $180\\pb$ (EDM), in the limit where the mediator is much heavier than dark matter. The parentheses indicate the dipole moment used to obtain the values. We note that only the annihilation to muons through a CP-violating (EDM) coupling is not excluded from indirect detection experiments.

Keita Fukushima

2013-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

210

The interior transmission problem and bounds on transmission eigenvalues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the interior transmission eigenvalue problem for sign-definite multiplicative perturbations of the Laplacian in a bounded domain. We show that all but finitely many complex transmission eigenvalues are confined to a parabolic neighborhood of the positive real axis.

Hitrik, Michael; Ola, Petri; Päivärinta, Lassi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Key management and encryption under the bounded storage model.  

SciTech Connect

There are several engineering obstacles that need to be solved before key management and encryption under the bounded storage model can be realized. One of the critical obstacles hindering its adoption is the construction of a scheme that achieves reliable communication in the event that timing synchronization errors occur. One of the main accomplishments of this project was the development of a new scheme that solves this problem. We show in general that there exist message encoding techniques under the bounded storage model that provide an arbitrarily small probability of transmission error. We compute the maximum capacity of this channel using the unsynchronized key-expansion as side-channel information at the decoder and provide tight lower bounds for a particular class of key-expansion functions that are pseudo-invariant to timing errors. Using our results in combination with Dziembowski et al. [11] encryption scheme we can construct a scheme that solves the timing synchronization error problem. In addition to this work we conducted a detailed case study of current and future storage technologies. We analyzed the cost, capacity, and storage data rate of various technologies, so that precise security parameters can be developed for bounded storage encryption schemes. This will provide an invaluable tool for developing these schemes in practice.

Draelos, Timothy John; Neumann, William Douglas; Lanzone, Andrew J.; Anderson, William Erik

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

National Science Bowl bound! | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Science Bowl bound! National Science Bowl bound! April 28, 2013 Congratulations to Princeton High School, of Princeton, NJ for ranking 14th place in the top 16 High School teams at the National Science Bowl from April 26-30, 2012. Gallery: Out of 69 high school teams from all 50 states, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Princeton High School Science Team placed 14th in the top 16 High School teams at the National Science bowl!! Thanks to their efforts Princeton High School will receive $1000 towards the purchase of supplies for their Science Department! Kudos to Thomas Grover Middle School for making it to and for participating at finals... They competed like champs!!! See you next year!! You can learn more about the National Science Bowl here. To learn more about the NJ Regional Science Bowl competition visit our website.

213

The Complexity of Approximating Bounded-Degree Boolean #CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The degree of a CSP instance is the maximum number of times that a variable may appear in the scope of constraints. We consider the approximate counting problem for Boolean CSPs with bounded-degree instances for constraint languages containing the two unary constant relations {0} and {1}. When the maximum degree is at least 25 we obtain a complete classification of the complexity of this problem. It is exactly solvable in polynomial-time if every relation in the constraint language is affine. It is equivalent to the problem of approximately counting independent sets in bipartite graphs if every relation can be expressed as conjunctions of {0}, {1} and binary implication. Otherwise, there is no FPRAS unless NP=RP. For lower degree bounds, additional cases arise in which the complexity is related to the complexity of approximately counting independent sets in hypergraphs.

Dyer, Martin; Jalsenius, Markus; Richerby, David

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Bounding the Greybody Factors for Non-rotating Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Semiclassical black holes emit radiation called Hawking radiation. Such radiation, as seen by an asymptotic observer far outside the black hole, differs from original radiation near the horizon of the black hole by a redshift factor and the so-called "greybody factor". In this paper, we concentrate on the greybody factor-various bounds for the greybody factors of non-rotating black holes are obtained, concentrating on charged Reissner-Nordstrom and Reissner-Nordstrom-de Sitter black holes. These bounds can be derived by using a 2x2 transfer matrix formalism. It is found that the charges of black holes act as efficient barriers. Furthermore, adding extra dimensions to spacetime can shield Hawking radiation. Finally, the cosmological constant can increase the emission rate of Hawking radiation.

Tritos Ngampitipan; Petarpa Boonserm

2012-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

215

Free Energies of Dilute Bose gases: upper bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive a upper bound on the free energy of a Bose gas system at density $\\rho$ and temperature $T$. In combination with the lower bound derived previously by Seiringer \\cite{RS1}, our result proves that in the low density limit, i.e., when $a^3\\rho\\ll 1$, where $a$ denotes the scattering length of the pair-interaction potential, the leading term of $\\Delta f$ the free energy difference per volume between interacting and ideal Bose gases is equal to $4\\pi a (2\\rho^2-[\\rho-\\rhoc]^2_+)$. Here, $\\rhoc(T)$ denotes the critical density for Bose-Einstein condensation (for the ideal gas), and $[\\cdot ]_+$ $=$ $\\max\\{\\cdot, 0\\}$ denotes the positive part.

Jun Yin

2009-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

On L{sup 2}-functions with bounded spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the class PW(R{sup n}) of functions in L{sup 2}(R{sup n}), whose Fourier transform has bounded support. We obtain a description of continuous maps {phi}:R{sup m}{yields}R{sup n} such that fo{phi} element of PW(R{sup m}) for every function f element of PW(R{sup n}). Only injective affine maps {phi} have this property. Bibliography: 5 titles.

Lebedev, Vladimir V [Moscow State Institute of Electronics and Mathematics (Technical University), Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Moscow State Institute of Electronics and Mathematics (Technical University), Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

217

Angular-momentum nonclassicality by breaking classical bounds on statistics  

SciTech Connect

We derive simple practical procedures revealing the quantum behavior of angular momentum variables by the violation of classical upper bounds on the statistics. Data analysis is minimum and definite conclusions are obtained without evaluation of moments, or any other more sophisticated procedures. These nonclassical tests are very general and independent of other typical quantum signatures of nonclassical behavior such as sub-Poissonian statistics, squeezing, or oscillatory statistics, being insensitive to the nonclassical behavior displayed by other variables.

Luis, Alfredo [Departamento de Optica, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Rivas, Angel [Departamento de Fisica Teorica I, Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Search for the ?-N bound state from ?meson subthreshold production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The subthreshold photoproduction of \\phi mesons from heavy nuclear targets has been suggested as a candidate to search for the \\phi-N bound state, a quantum chromodynamics molecular state. In this Brief Report, we present detailed Monte Carlo studies to demonstrate the feasibility of this technique. Further, we show that proton-induced subthreshold production of \\phi meson from heavy nuclear targets is also suitable for such a search.

S. Liska; H. Gao; W. Chen; X. Qian

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

219

Tank 41H bounding uranium enrichment. Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intent of this document is to combine data from salt samples and historical process information to bound the uranium (U-235) enrichment which could be expected in the upper portion of the salt in Tank 41H. This bounding enrichment will be used in another document to establish a nuclear safety basis for initial salt removal operations. Any number of mixing scenarios could have been examined for the components which fed the evaporator during the formation of the last five feet of salt. The scenario presented was designed to be conservative, while still incorporating process knowledge and available data where possible. In the scenario, the lowest enrichment seen in any feed material was for the L4 feed which was evaporated to form the top part of the salt in Tank 41H. The lowest enrichment of 17% is still higher than the 16% (95% confidence) maximum enrichment actually found at the salt surface (from sample results). This leads to the conclusion that the uranium enrichment of the material (L1) which was being fed to the evaporate when the last five feet began to form, was lower than 22%. The conservatism used in this analysis, combined with the available sample data are believed to provide a defensible basis for establishing an upper bounding enrichment of 22% for the top five feet of salt.

Cavin, W.S.

1994-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

220

A utility framework for bounded-loss market makers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a class of utility-based market makers that always accept orders at their risk-neutral prices. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for such market makers to have bounded loss. We prove that hyperbolic absolute risk aversion utility market makers are equivalent to weighted pseudospherical scoring rule market makers. In particular, Hanson’s logarithmic scoring rule market maker corresponds to a negative exponential utility market maker in our framework. We describe a third equivalent formulation based on maintaining a cost function that seems most natural for implementation purposes, and we illustrate how to translate among the three equivalent formulations. We examine the tradeoff between the market’s liquidity and the market maker’s worst-case loss. For a fixed bound on worst-case loss, some market makers exhibit greater liquidity near uniform prices and some exhibit greater liquidity near extreme prices, but no market maker can exhibit uniformly greater liquidity in all regimes. For a fixed minimum liquidity level, we give the lower bound of market maker’s worst-case loss under some regularity conditions. 1

Yiling Chen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Method of using in situ porosity measurements to place an upper bound on geothermal reservoir compaction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Placing an upper bound on reservoir compaction requires placing a lower bound on the reservoir effective compaction modulus. Porosity-depth data can be used to find that lower-bound modulus in a young sedimentary basin. Well-log and sample porosity data from a geothermal field in the Imperial Valley, CA, give a lower-bound modulus of 7.7 x 10{sup 3} psi. This modulus is used with pressure drops calculated for a reservoir to determine an upper bound on reservoir compaction. The effects of partial reinjection and aquifer leakage on upper-bound subsidence estimated from the compaction are illustrated for a hypothetical reservoir and well array.

Schatz, J.F.; Kasameyer, P.W.; Cheney, J.A.

1979-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

222

Sensitive frequency dependence of the carrier-envelope phase effect on bound-bound transitions: An interference perspective  

SciTech Connect

We investigate numerically with Hylleraas coordinates the frequency dependence of the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) effect on bound-bound transitions of helium induced by an ultrashort laser pulse of a few cycles. We find that the CEP effect is very sensitive to the carrier frequency of the laser pulse, occurring regularly even at far-off-resonance frequencies. By analyzing a two-level model, we find that the CEP effect can be attributed to the quantum interference between neighboring multiphoton transition pathways, which is made possible by the broadened spectrum of the ultrashort laser pulse. A general picture is developed along this line to understand the sensitivity of the CEP effect to the laser's carrier frequency. Multilevel influence on the CEP effect is also discussed.

Peng Dian; Fu Panming; Wang Bingbing [Laboratory of Optical Physics, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Wu Biao [International Center for Quantum Materials, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Department of Physics, State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Gong Jiangbin [Department of Physics and Center of Computational Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117542 (Singapore); Yan Zongchao [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, P.O. Box 4400, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada E3B 5A3 (Canada)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

On lower bounds for scheduling problems in high-level synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents new results on lower bounds for the scheduling problem in high-level synthesis. While several techniques exist for lower bound estimation, comparisons among the techniques have been experimental with few guarantees on the quality ...

M. Narasimhan; J. Ramanujam

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Nonlinear Saturation of Baroclinic Instability. Part III: Bounds on the Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rigorous upper bounds are derived on the saturation amplitude of baroclinic instability in the two-layer model. The bounds apply to the eddy energy and are obtained by appealing to a finite amplitude conservation law for the disturbance ...

Theodore G. Shepherd

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

U-041: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-041: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code November...

226

Bounded modes to the rescue of optical transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a brief survey of the evolution of knowledge about diffraction gratings. After recalling some basic facts, historically and physically, we introduce the concept of Wood anomalies. Next, we present some recent works in order to introduce the role of bounded modes in transmission gratings. The consequences of these recent results are then introduced. This paper is a secondary publication, published in Europhysics News (EPN 38, 3 (2007) 27-31). In the present version, some additional notes have been added with related references.

Michael Sarrazin; Jean Pol Vigneron

2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

227

Radiative corrections in fermion bags bound by Higgs boson exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiative corrections for several heavy fermions bound together via the Higgs boson exchange are studied. The fermion bags considered include 12, or fewer, fermions occupying the lowest S_{1/2} shell. It is shown that for `moderately heavy' fermions with masses 0.4< m c^2< 1 TeV the radiative corrections are small, 10^{-2}, and have an attractive nature. Therefore they do not put existence of the fermion bag in doubt. This proves that these fermion bags can exist in nature.

M. Yu. Kuchiev; V. V. Flambaum

2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

228

Cosmological Bounds on an Invisibly Decaying Higgs Boson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive bounds on the Higgs boson coupling $g^{\\prime}$ to a stable light scalar which is regarded as a collisional dark matter candidate. We study the behaviour of this scalar, that we refer to as phion ($\\phi$), in the early Universe for different ranges of its mass. We find that a phion in the mass range of $100 \\mev$ is excluded, while if its mass is about $1 \\gev$, a rather large coupling constant, $g^{\\prime} \\gsim 2$, and $m_h \\lsim 130 \\gev$ are required in order to avoid overabundance. In the latter case, the invisible decay mode of the Higgs boson is dominant.

O. Bertolami; M. C. Bento; R. Rosenfeld

2001-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

229

Weyl type bound on positive Interior Transmission Eigenvalues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper contains a lower bound of the Weyl type on the counting function of the positive eigenvalues of the interior transmission eigenvalue problem which justifies the existence of an infinite set of positive interior transmission eigenvalues. We consider the classical transmission problem as well as the case where the inhomogeneous medium contains an obstacle. One of the essential components of the proof is an estimate for the D-t-N operator for the Helmholtz equation for positive $\\lambda$ that replaces the standard parameter-elliptic estimate valid outside of the positive semi-axis.

Evgeny Lakshtanov; Boris Vainberg

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

230

J. Math. Biol. (2008) 56:253278 DOI 10.1007/s00285-007-0082-x Mathematical Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and ranges for angles AOC and BOC, the possible positions of atom C lie on the sphere with radius |C| in a patch bounded by four planes that satisfy A · C = |A||C|cos( AOC), and B · C = |B||C|cos( BOC). Each equation defines a range of planes containing origin O with the constraints of AOC and BOC; the atom C lies

Richardson, David

231

A procedure for finding an improved upper bound on the number of optimal design points  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowing an upper bound on the number of optimal design points greatly simplifies the search for an optimal design. Caratheodory's Theorem is commonly used to identify an upper bound. However, the upper bound from Caratheodory's Theorem is relatively ... Keywords: Carathéodory's theorem, Cardinality of design, Experimental design, Nonlinear regression

Seung Won Hyun; Min Yang; Nancy Flournoy

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Upward Flame Spread on Composite Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Since these materials are the result of a hand lay-up process, there could also be local variations in the amount of resin present in a given ply layer. ...

1996-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

233

Text reuse with ACL: (upward) trends  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With rapidly increasing community, a plethora of conferences related to Natural Language Processing and easy access to their proceedings make it essential to check the integrity and novelty of the new submissions. This study aims to investigate the trends ...

Parth Gupta; Paolo Rosso

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Study of bound hydrogen in powders of diamond nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to access feasibility of increasing albedo of very cold neutrons from powder of diamond nanoparticles, we studied hydrogen bound to surface of diamond nanoparticles, which causes unwanted losses of neutrons. We showed that one could decrease a fraction of hydrogen atoms from a ratio C{sub 7.4{+-}0.15}H to a ratio C{sub 12.4{+-}0.2}H by means of thermal treatment and outgasing of powder. Measurements of atomic excitation spectra of these samples, using a method of inelastic incoherent neutron scattering, indicate that residual hydrogen is chemically bound to carbon, while a removed fraction was composed of adsorbed water. The total cross section of scattering of neutrons with a wavelength of 4.4 Angstrom-Sign on residual hydrogen atoms equals 108 {+-} 2 b; it weakly changes with temperature. Thus preliminary cleaning of powder from hydrogen and its moderate cooling do not improve considerably neutron albedo from powder of nano-diamonds. An alternative approach is isotopic replacement of hydrogen by deuterium.

Krylov, A. R.; Lychagin, E. V.; Muzychka, A. Yu. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Nesvizhevsky, V. V., E-mail: nesvizhevsky@ill.eu [Institut Laue-Langevin (Russian Federation); Nekhaev, G. V.; Strelkov, A. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Ivanov, A. S. [Institut Laue-Langevin (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Dynamic performance characterization of bound, porous silica gel desiccant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Drying of air with silica gel is a well established procedure. However, for the specific use of silica gel in a novel desiccant air conditioning system, which continually cools the silica gel and utilizes solar energy for silica gel regeneration, conventional packed bed devices are not suitable. For this system to operate effectively the silica gel must not rise in its temperature or its capacity will be greatly diminished. Dynamic dehumidificatuion performance was investigted for a silica gel desiccant fabricated in bound, porous paper-like sheets. Sheets of various thickness (0.7 to 3 mm) were fabricated and tested under several dynamic flow conditions in a flat rectangular channel apparatus. During each experiment conditions of inlet moisture, air flowrate, and sheet temperature were maintained constant. Comparisons were also made with conventional silica gel pellets and with other forms of bound silica gel. The sheets show superior utilization of silica gel in short times (30 minutes or less). Tests were also made to examine the sheet structure in order to explore the effect of temperature on the porous structure, and to obtain pore size distributions.

Onischak, M.; Gidaspow, D.; Perkari, S.; Sasaki, T.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Bounds on models with one latticized extra dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study an extension of the standard model with one latticized extra dimension accessible to all fields. The model is characterized by the size of the extra dimension and the number of sites, and contains a tower of massive particles. At energies lower than the mass of the new particles there are no tree-level effects. Therefore, bounds on the scale of new physics can only be set from one-loop processes. We calculate several observables sensitive to loop-effects, such as the $\\rho$ parameter, $b\\to s \\gamma$, $Z\\to b\\bar b$, and the $B^0\\rightleftharpoons\\bar{B}^0$ mixing, and use them to set limits on the lightest new particles for different number of sites. It turns out that the continuous result is rapidly reached when the extra dimension is discretized in about 10 to 20 sites only. For small number of sites the bounds placed on the usual continuous scenario can be reduced by roughly a factor of 10%--25%, which means that the new particles can be as light as $320 {GeV}$. Finally, we briefly discuss an alternative model in which fermions do not have additional modes.

J. F. Oliver; J. Papavassiliou; A. Santamaria

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

237

Higgs boson mass bounds separate models of electroweak symmetry breaking  

SciTech Connect

Vacuum stability and metastability imply lower limits on the mass of the Higgs boson in the standard model (SM). In contrast, we present an improved calculation of the lightest Higgs boson mass in supersymmetric (SUSY) models, by summing to all orders in perturbation theory the leading and next-to-leading logarithms with a renormalization group equation technique, and by including finite two-loop QCD corrections. We believe our result to be the most accurate available in the literature. The mass calculation leads to an upper bound on the Higgs boson mass when the SUSY-breaking scale is sensibly restricted to {approx_lt}1 TeV. In particular, our improvements to the SUSY Higgs boson mass calculation lower the minimal SUSY standard model (MSSM) upper limit by about 10 GeV. We study the possibility that these SM and MSSM bounds do not overlap, in which case a single Higgs boson mass measurement will distinguish between the two models. (Abstract Truncated)

Diaz, M.A. [Physics Department, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); ter Veldhuis, T.A.; Weiler, T.J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Bounds on the number of bound states in the transfer matrix spectrum for some weakly correlated lattice models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the interaction of particles in weakly correlated lattice quantum field theories. In the imaginary time functional integral formulation of these theories there is a relative coordinate lattice Schroedinger operator H which approximately describes the interaction of these particles. Scalar and vector spin, QCD and Gross-Neveu models are included in these theories. In the weakly correlated regime H=H{sub o}+W where H{sub o}=-{gamma}{Delta}{sub l}, 0 lattice Laplacian: {gamma}={beta}, the inverse temperature for spin systems and {gamma}={kappa}{sup 3} where {kappa} is the hopping parameter for QCD. W is a self-adjoint potential operator which may have non-local contributions but obeys the bound Double-Vertical-Line W(x, y) Double-Vertical-Line Less-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To cexp ( -a( Double-Vertical-Line x Double-Vertical-Line + Double-Vertical-Line y Double-Vertical-Line )), a large: exp-a={beta}/{beta}{sub o}{sup (1/2)}({kappa}/{kappa}{sub o}) for spin (QCD) models. H{sub o}, W, and H act in l{sub 2}(Z{sup d}), d Greater-Than-Or-Slanted-Equal-To 1. The spectrum of H below zero is known to be discrete and we obtain bounds on the number of states below zero. This number depends on the short range properties of W, i.e., the long range tail does not increase the number of states.

O'Carroll, Michael [Departamento de Matematica Aplicada e Estatistica, ICMC-USP, C.P. 668,13560-970 Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

Bound Chains of Tilted Dipoles in Layered Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultracold polar molecules in multilayered systems have been experimentally realized very recently. While experiments study these systems almost exclusively through their chemical reactivity, the outlook for creating and manipulating exotic few- and many-body physics in dipolar systems is fascinating. Here we concentrate on few-body states in a multilayered setup. We exploit the geometry of the interlayer potential to calculate the two- and three-body chains with one molecule in each layer. The focus is on dipoles that are aligned at some angle with respect to the layer planes by means of an external eletric field. The binding energy and the spatial structure of the bound states are studied in several different ways using analytical approaches. The results are compared to stochastic variational calculations and very good agreement is found. We conclude that approximations based on harmonic oscillator potentials are accurate even for tilted dipoles when the geometry of the potential landscape is taken into acco...

Volosniev, A G; Fedorov, D V; Jensen, A S; Zinner, N T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Bound Chains of Tilted Dipoles in Layered Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultracold polar molecules in multilayered systems have been experimentally realized very recently. While experiments study these systems almost exclusively through their chemical reactivity, the outlook for creating and manipulating exotic few- and many-body physics in dipolar systems is fascinating. Here we concentrate on few-body states in a multilayered setup. We exploit the geometry of the interlayer potential to calculate the two- and three-body chains with one molecule in each layer. The focus is on dipoles that are aligned at some angle with respect to the layer planes by means of an external eletric field. The binding energy and the spatial structure of the bound states are studied in several different ways using analytical approaches. The results are compared to stochastic variational calculations and very good agreement is found. We conclude that approximations based on harmonic oscillator potentials are accurate even for tilted dipoles when the geometry of the potential landscape is taken into account.

A. G. Volosniev; J. R. Armstrong; D. V. Fedorov; A. S. Jensen; N. T. Zinner

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

All the adiabatic bound states of NO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

We calculated all 2967 even and odd bound states of the adiabatic ground state of NO{sub 2}, using a modification of the abthinspinitio potential energy surface of Leonardi {ital et al.} [J. Chem. Phys. {bold 105}, 9051 (1996)]. The calculation was performed by harmonic inversion of the Chebyshev correlation function generated by a DVR Hamiltonian in Radau coordinates. The relative error for the computed eigenenergies (measured from the potential minimum), is 10{sup {minus}4} or better, corresponding to an absolute error of less than about 2.5thinspcm{sup {minus}1}. Near the dissociation threshold the average density of states is about 0.2/cm{sup {minus}1} for each symmetry. Statistical analysis of the states shows some interesting structure of the rigidity parameter {Delta}{sub 3} as a function of energy. {copyright} {ital 1998 American Institute of Physics.}

Salzgeber, R.F. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Freiburg, Hermann-Herder Strasse 3, D-70104 Freiburg (Germany); Mandelshtam, V. [Chemistry Department, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Schlier, C. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Freiburg, Hermann-Herder Strasse 3, D-70104 Freiburg (Germany); Taylor, H.S. [University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Colour-octet bound states, induced by Higgs mechanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current limits for fourth generation quarks allows to expect their mass of the order of 500 GeV. In this mass region for quark-anti-quark pair the additional Yukawa-type attraction due to Higgs mechanism is expected to emerge. This Higgs induced attraction greatly exceeds strong interaction between quarks and leads to the formation of bound states in both colour octet $S^{(8)}$ and singlet $S^{(1)}$ states. In the key of recent works on significance of colour octet channel for production of colour singlet state of fourth generation $Q\\bar{Q}$ we calculated the binding energies for both octet and singlet states. Such attraction localizes quarks in extremely small area. Hence colour octet pair of fourth generation quarks can form the "nucleus" and together with colour neutralizing light particle that is captured by strong interaction in orbit around the nucleus, create particle, similar by its structure to Deuterium.

S. Bladwell; V. F. Dmitriev; V. V. Flambaum; A. Kozlov

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

243

Mass bounds in a model with a triplet Higgs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 03 02 25 6v 2 2 5 Se p 20 03 MC-TH-2002/14 Cavendish-HEP-2003/01 February 2003 Mass bounds in a model with a Triplet Higgs J.R. Forshaw1, A. Sabio Vera2 and B.E. White1 1Department of Physics & Astronomy, University... Model which contains a real triplet in the Higgs sector. Insisting that the model remain valid up to 1 TeV allow us to map out the region of allowed mass for the Higgs bosons. We conclude that it is possible for there to be no light Higgs bosons without...

Forshaw, Jeffrey R; Sabio Vera, Agustin; White, B E

244

Energy Bounds for Fault-Tolerant Nanoscale Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of determining lower bounds for the energy cost of a given nanoscale design is addressed via a complexity theory-based approach. This paper provides a theoretical framework that is able to assess the trade-offs existing in nanoscale designs between the amount of redundancy needed for a given level of resilience to errors and the associated energy cost. Circuit size, logic depth and error resilience are analyzed and brought together in a theoretical framework that can be seamlessly integrated with automated synthesis tools and can guide the design process of nanoscale systems comprised of failure prone devices. The impact of redundancy addition on the switching energy and its relationship with leakage energy is modeled in detail. Results show that 99% error resilience is possible for fault-tolerant designs, but at the expense of at least 40% more energy if individual gates fail independently with probability of 1%.

Marculescu, Diana

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Photochemical energy conversion by membrane-bound photoredox systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Most of our effort during the past grant period has been directed towards investigating electron transfer processes involving redox proteins at lipid bilayer/aqueous interfaces. This theme, as was noted in our previous three year renewal proposal, is consistent with our goal of developing biomimetic solar energy conversion systems which utilize the unique properties of biological electron transfer molecules. Thus, small redox proteins such as cytochrome c, plastocyanin and ferredoxin function is biological photosynthesis as mediators of electron flow between the photochemical systems localized in the membrane, and more complex soluble or membrane-bound redox proteins which are designed to carry out specific biological tasks such as transbilayer proton gradient formation, dinitrogen fixation, ATP synthesis, dihydrogen synthesis, generation of strong reductants, etc. In these studies, we have utilized two principal experimental techniques, laser flash photolysis and cyclic voltammetry, both of which permit direct measurements of electron transfer processes.

Tollin, G.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Security Bounds for Quantum Cryptography with Finite Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A practical quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol necessarily runs in finite time and, hence, only a finite amount of communication is exchanged. This is in contrast to most of the standard results on the security of QKD, which only hold in the limit where the number of transmitted signals approaches infinity. Here, we analyze the security of QKD under the realistic assumption that the amount of communication is finite. At the level of the general formalism, we present new results that help simplifying the actual implementation of QKD protocols: in particular, we show that symmetrization steps, which are required by certain security proofs (e.g., proofs based on de Finetti's representation theorem), can be omitted in practical implementations. Also, we demonstrate how two-way reconciliation protocols can be taken into account in the security analysis. At the level of numerical estimates, we present the bounds with finite resources for ``device-independent security'' against collective attacks.

Valerio Scarani; Renato Renner

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Math in the Movies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Research Library. Speakers: Tony DeRose, Senior Scientist, Research Group Lead, Pixar Animation Studios. Details: Start ...

2013-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

248

Math Library Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

threads per MPI Task (for a fixed number of cores) with the MKL build but a significant overhead when using the libfftw3 threads library. This could potentially be explained by...

249

List of Math Libraries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

atlas3.10.1 2013-02-21 2013-02-21 CGAL pdsf 3.8 CGAL3.8 2012-03-09 cray-libsci edison 12.0.00 cray-libsci12.0.00 2012-12-05 2012-11-09 cray-libsci edison 12.1.01...

250

MATH PROBLEMS - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prisoner's Light Bulb There are 100 prisoners in 100 different cells. There is another room with a light bulb initially off. The warden tells the prisoners they can get ...

251

Math Software Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... News And Events. 24th NIST Computer Modeling Workshop. New Quantum Computing Algorithm Could Simulate Giant Particle Accelerators. ...

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

252

math_patterns.html  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

musical scale is based upon the ratios of 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, etc. The Parthenon of ancient Greece is designed with these very ratios, which are pleasing to the eye and to the ear. The...

253

Higgs mass bounds from a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model with overlap fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the parameter dependence of the Higgs mass in a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. Eventually, the aim is to establish upper and lower Higgs mass bounds. Here we present our preliminary results on the lower Higgs mass bound at several selected values for the cutoff and give a brief outlook towards the upper Higgs mass bound.

Gerhold, P; Kallarackal, J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Higgs mass bounds from a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model with overlap fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the parameter dependence of the Higgs mass in a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. Eventually, the aim is to establish upper and lower Higgs mass bounds. Here we present our preliminary results on the lower Higgs mass bound at several selected values for the cutoff and give a brief outlook towards the upper Higgs mass bound.

Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal

2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

255

Search for particle-bound 26-O and 28-F in p-stripping reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have searched for particle-bound 26-O and 28-F isotopes in the reaction products of secondary 27-F and 29-Ne beams, respectively. No events have been observed. Upper limits for the respective production cross sections by one-p-stripping reactions are established under the assumption that 26-O and 28-F are particle bound. Since the experimental upper limits are much lower than common estimates we conclude that neither 26-O nor 28-F are likely particle bound.

A. Schiller; T. Baumann; J. Dietrich; S. Kaiser; W. Peters; M. Thoennessen

2005-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

256

On the Electric Dipole Polarizability of the Three-Hadron Bound System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple analytical expression for the electric dipole polarizability of the three-hadron bound system having only one stable bound state has been derived neglecting by the higher orbital components of the off-shell three-body transition matrix at the energy of the bound state. As a case in point, we have estimated the electric dipole polarizability of the triton, using a cluster triton wave function and the Hulthen potential to describe the related p-n and n-d bound states.

V. F. Kharchenko; A. V. Kharchenko

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

257

Optimization Online - Static-arbitrage bounds on the prices of basket ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 19, 2006 ... Static-arbitrage bounds on the prices of basket options via linear programming. Javier Pena (jfp ***at*** andrew.cmu.edu) Juan Vera (jvera ...

258

An O(n^2) Algorithm for Lot Sizing with Inventory Bounds and Fixed ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 26, 2007 ... Abstract: Lot-sizing problems with inventory bounds and fixed charges have not received much attention in the literature, even though there are ...

259

Distillation of free entanglement from bound entangled states using weak measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for distillation of free bipartite entanglement from bipartite bound-entangled states. The crucial element of our scheme is an ancillary system that is coupled to the initial bound-entangled state via appropriate weak measurements. We show that in this protocol free entanglement can be always generated with nonzero probability by using a single copy of the bound-entangled state. We also derive a lower bound on the entanglement cost of the protocol, and conclude that, on average, applying weaker measurements results in relatively higher values of free entanglement as well as lower costs.

S. Baghbanzadeh; A. T. Rezakhani

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

260

Lower bound on concurrence and distillation for arbitrary-dimensional bipartite quantum states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a lower bound of concurrence for arbitrary-dimensional bipartite quantum states. This lower bound may be used to improve all the known lower bounds of concurrence. Moreover, the lower bound gives rise to an operational sufficient criterion of distillability of quantum entanglement. The significance of our result is illustrated by quantitative evaluation of entanglement for entangled states that fail to be identified by the usual concurrence estimation method and by showing the distillability of mixed states that cannot be recognized by other distillability criteria.

Zhao, Ming-Jing; Li-Jost, Xianqing [Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany); Zhu, Xue-Na [Department of Mathematics, School of Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Fei, Shao-Ming [Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany); School of Mathematical Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Lower Bound of Concurrence and Distillation for Arbitrary Dimensional Bipartite Quantum States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a lower bound of concurrence for arbitrary dimensional bipartite quantum states. This lower bound may be used to improve all the known lower bounds of concurrence. Moreover, the lower bound gives rise to an operational sufficient criterion of distillability of quantum entanglement. The significance of our result is illustrated by quantitative evaluation of entanglement for entangled states that fail to be identified by the usual concurrence estimation method, and by showing the distillability of mixed states that can not be recognized by other distillability criteria.

Ming-Jing Zhao; Xue-Na Zhu; Shao-Ming Fei; Xianqing Li-Jost

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

262

Upper bound on the efficiency of certain nonimaging concentrators in the physical-optics model  

SciTech Connect

A simple treatment by scalar-wave theory yields upper bounds to the efficiency of nonimaging concentrators that are lower than those given by geometrical optics.

Welford, W.T.; Winston, R.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Randomized discrepancy bounded local search for transmission expansion planning  

SciTech Connect

In recent years the transmission network expansion planning problem (TNEP) has become increasingly complex. As the TNEP is a non-linear and non-convex optimization problem, researchers have traditionally focused on approximate models of power flows to solve the TNEP. Existing approaches are often tightly coupled to the approximation choice. Until recently these approximations have produced results that are straight-forward to adapt to the more complex (real) problem. However, the power grid is evolving towards a state where the adaptations are no longer easy (e.g. large amounts of limited control, renewable generation) and necessitates new approaches. Recent work on deterministic Discrepancy Bounded Local Search (DBLS) has shown it to be quite effective in addressing this question. DBLS encapsulates the complexity of power flow modeling in a black box that may be queried for information about the quality of proposed expansions. In this paper, we propose a randomization strategy that builds on DBLS and dramatically increases the computational efficiency of the algorithm.

Bent, Russell W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daniel, William B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

264

Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Incorporated but Bound at  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Yttrium Dopants in Titania: not Structurally Incorporated but Bound at Surfaces Structurally incorporated impurities have been shown to have systematic effects on the rate of the thermally driven transformation in titania nanoparticles [1-4]. The anatase-to-rutile transformation is slowed when anatase nanoparticles are doped with a cation of valence > +4, but favored when the valence < +4. Based on these observations, Y3+ dopants should promote the anatase-to-rutile transformation. However, prior studies showed that the transformation is inhibited by Y3+ impurities [1,2], without explaining this observation. In a study led by the scientists of University of California Berkeley and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experiments on yttrium-doped titania nanoparticles were conducted for determining the local structural environment of Y3+ impurities. The experiments were developed in collaboration with SSRL beamline scientists at BLs 10-2 and 11-2.

265

Atomlike, Hollow-Core–Bound Molecular Orbitals of C??  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The research described in this product was performed in part in the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The atomic electron orbitals that underlie molecular bonding originate from the central Coulomb potential of the atomic core. We used scanning tunneling microscopy and density functional theory to explore the relation between the nearly spherical shape and unoccupied electronic structure of buckminsterfullerene (C60) molecules adsorbed on copper surfaces. Besides the known p* antibonding molecular orbitals of the carbon-atom framework, above 3.5 electron volts we found atomlike orbitals bound to the core of the hollow C60 cage. These “superatom” states hybridize like the s and p orbitals of hydrogen and alkali atoms into diatomic molecule-like dimers and free-electron bands of one-dimensional wires and two-dimensional quantum wells in C60 aggregates. We attribute the superatom states to the central potential binding an electron to its screening charge, a property expected for hollow-shell molecules derived from layered materials.

Feng, Min; Zhao, Jin; Petek, Hrvoje

2008-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

266

A Skyrme-like model with an exact BPS bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a new Skyrme-like model with fields taking values on the sphere S^3 or, equivalently, on the group SU(2). The action of the model contains a quadratic kinetic term plus a quartic term which is the same as that of the Skyrme-Faddeev model. The novelty of the model is that it possess a first order Bogomolny type equation whose solutions automatically satisfy the second order Euler-Lagrange equations. It also possesses a lower bound on the static energy which is saturated by the Bogomolny solutions. Such Bogomolny equation is equivalent to the so-called force free equation used in plasma and solar Physics, and which possesses large classes of solutions. An old result due to Chandrasekhar prevents the existence of finite energy solutions for the force free equation on the entire tridimensional space R^3. We construct new exact finite energy solutions to the Bogomolny equations for the case where the space is the three-sphere S^3, using toroidal like coordinates.

L. A. Ferreira; Wojtek J. Zakrzewski

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

Gauge/String-Gravity Duality and Froissart Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gauge/string-gravity duality correspondence opened renewed hope and possibility to address some of the fundamental and non-perturbative QCD problems in particle physics, such as hadron spectrum and Regge behavior of the scattering amplitude at high energies. One of the most fundamental and long-standing problem is the high energy behavior of total cross-sections. According to a series of exhaustive tests by the COMPETE group, (1). total cross-sections have a universal Heisenberg behavior in energy corresponding to the maximal energy behavior allowed by the Froissart bound, i.e., $A + B ln^2 (s/s_0)$ with $B \\sim 0.32 mb$ and $s_0 \\sim 34.41 GeV^2$ for all reactions, and (2). the factorization relation among $\\sigma_{pp, even}, \\sigma_{\\gamma p}, and \\sigma_{\\gamma \\gamma}$ is well satisfied by experiments. I discuss the recent interesting application of the gauge/string-gravity duality of $AdS/CFT$ correspondence with a deformed background metric so as to break the conformal symmetry that can lead to the Heisenberg behavior of rising total cross-sections, and present some preliminary results on the high energy QCD from Planckian scattering in $AdS$ and black-hole production.

Kyungsik Kang

2004-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

268

Bounds on the Bethe Free Energy for Gaussian Networks Botond Cseke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bounds on the Bethe Free Energy for Gaussian Networks Botond Cseke Faculty of Science Radboud Bethe free energy in terms of the moment parameters of the approximate marginals and derive an upper): even when the Bethe free energy is not bounded from below, it can possess a local minimum to which

Edinburgh, University of

269

Solving the two-body, bound-state Bethe-Salpeter equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By expanding the solution of the the two-body, bound-state Bethe-Salpeter equation in terms of basis functions that obey the boundary conditions, solutions can be obtained to some, if not many, equations that have heretofore proved intractable. The utility ... Keywords: Bethe-Salpeter equation, bound-state equations

G. B. Mainland

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

A Tight Lower Bound to the Outage Probability of Discrete-Input Block-Fading Channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this correspondence, a tight lower bound to the outage probability of discrete-input Nakagami-m block-fading channels is proposed. The approach permits an efficient method for numerical evaluation of the bound, providing an additional tool for system ... Keywords: Block-fading channel, diversity, error probability, outage probability, rate-diversity tradeoff, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)-exponent

K. D. Nguyen; A. Guillen i Fabregas; L. K. Rasmussen

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Dependence Balance Based Outer Bounds for Gaussian Networks With Cooperation and Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We obtain new outer bounds on the capacity regions of the two-user multiple access channel with generalized feedback (MAC-GF) and the two-user interference channel with generalized feedback (IC-GF). These outer bounds are based on the idea of dependence ...

R. Tandon; S. Ulukus

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Outer bounds for multiple-access channels with feedback using dependence balance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use the idea of dependence balance to obtain a new outer bound for the capacity region of the discrete memoryless multiple-access channel with noiseless feedback (MAC-FB). We consider a binary additive noisy MAC-FB whose feedback capacity is not known. ... Keywords: cut-set bound, dependence balance, multiple-access channel with feedback (MAC-FB)

Ravi Tandon; Sennur Ulukus

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Bound 3-MCPD in Foods, Vegetable Oils and Fats (3-MCPD Esters)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reference papers for bound 3-MCPD (3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol and 3-MCPD esters)in foods, vegetable oils, and fats. Bound 3-MCPD in Foods, Vegetable Oils and Fats (3-MCPD Esters) 3-MCPD 2-diol 3-MCPD 3-MCPD Esters 3-monochloropropane-1 acid analysis ao

274

LOWER BOUNDS ON ENERGY DISSIPATION AND NOISE-TOLERANCE FOR DEEP SUBMICRON VLSIy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of observing a '1' at the output. Lemma 1: The energy dissipation is minimum when I(X Y)fc = R. For a symmetric bound on supply voltage and circuit speed. We then provide a lower bound on total energy dissipation consider the problem of jointly optimizing static and dy- namic components of energy dissipation. We assume

Shanbhag, Naresh R.

275

Take It NP-Easy: Bounded Model Construction for Duration Calculus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following the recent successes of bounded model-checking, we reconsider the problem of constructing models of discrete-time Duration Calculus formulae. While this problem is known to be nonelementary when arbitrary length models are considered [Han94], ... Keywords: bounded model construction, complexity, discrete-time duration calculus, model construction

Martin Fränzle

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Security of the Misty Structure Beyond the Birthday Bound Jooyoung Lee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security of the Misty Structure Beyond the Birthday Bound Jooyoung Lee Faculty of Mathematics prove beyond-birthyday-bound security for the Misty struc- ture. Specifically, we show that an r-round Misty structure is secure against CCA attacks up to O(2 rn r+7 ) query complexity, where n is the size

International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

277

Constraining a fourth generation of quarks: non-perturbative Higgs boson mass bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a non-perturbative determination of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds with a heavy fourth generation of quarks from numerical lattice computations in a chirally symmetric Higgs-Yukawa model. We find that the upper bound only moderately rises with the quark mass while the lower bound increases significantly, providing additional constraints on the existence of a straight-forward fourth quark generation. We examine the stability of the lower bound under the addition of a higher dimensional operator to the scalar field potential using perturbation theory, demonstrating that it is not significantly altered for small values of the coupling of this operator. For a Higgs boson mass of $\\sim125\\mathrm{GeV}$ we find that the maximum value of the fourth generation quark mass is $\\sim300\\mathrm{GeV}$, which is already in conflict with bounds from direct searches.

John Bulava; Karl Jansen; Attila Nagy

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Bounding Radionuclide Inventory and Accident Consequence Calculation for the 1L Target  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A bounding radionuclide inventory for the tungsten of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) IL Target is calculated. Based on the bounding inventory, the dose resulting from the maximum credible incident (MCI) is calculated for the maximally exposed offsite individual (MEOl). The design basis accident involves tungsten target oxidation following a loss of cooling accident. Also calculated for the bounding radionuclide inventory is the ratio to the LANSCE inventory threshold for purposes of inventory control as described in the target inventory control policy. A bounding radionuclide inventory calculation for the lL Target was completed using the MCNPX and CINDER'90 codes. Continuous beam delivery at 200 {micro}A to 2500 mA{center_dot}h was assumed. The total calculated activity following this irradiation period is 205,000 Ci. The dose to the MEOI from the MCI is 213 mrem for the bounding inventory. The LANSCE inventory control threshold ratio is 132.

Kelsey, Charles T. IV [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Outer Bounds for Multiple-Access Channels With Feedback Using Dependence Balance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the idea of dependence balance to obtain a new outer bound for the capacity region of the discrete memoryless multiple-access channel with noiseless feedback (MAC-FB). We consider a binary additive noisy MAC-FB whose feedback capacity is not known. The binary additive noisy MAC considered in this paper can be viewed as the discrete counterpart of the Gaussian MAC-FB. Ozarow established that the capacity region of the two-user Gaussian MAC-FB is given by the cut-set bound. Our result shows that for the discrete version of the channel considered by Ozarow, this is not the case. Direct evaluation of our outer bound is intractable due to an involved auxiliary random variable whose large cardinality prohibits an exhaustive search. We overcome this difficulty by using a composite function and its properties to explicitly evaluate our outer bound. Our outer bound is strictly less than the cut-set bound at all points on the capacity region where feedback increases capacity. In addition, we explicitly evaluate the Cover–Leung achievable rate region for the binary additive noisy MAC-FB in consideration. Furthermore, using the tools developed for the evaluation of our outer bound, we also explicitly characterize the boundary of the feedback capacity region of the binary erasure MAC, for which the Cover–Leung achievable rate region is known to be tight. This last result confirms that the feedback strategies developed by Kramer for the binary erasure MAC are capacity achieving.

Ravi Tandon; Sennur Ulukus

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Dependence Balance Based Outer Bounds for Gaussian Networks with Cooperation and Feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain new outer bounds on the capacity regions of the two-user multiple access channel with generalized feedback (MAC-GF) and the two-user interference channel with generalized feedback (IC-GF). These outer bounds are based on the idea of dependence balance which was proposed by Hekstra and Willems [1]. To illustrate the usefulness of our outer bounds, we investigate three different channel models. We first consider a Gaussian MAC with noisy feedback (MAC-NF), where transmitter $k$, $k=1,2$, receives a feedback $Y_{F_{k}}$, which is the channel output $Y$ corrupted with additive white Gaussian noise $Z_{k}$. As the feedback noise variances become large, one would expect the feedback to become useless, which is not reflected by the cut-set bound. We demonstrate that our outer bound improves upon the cut-set bound for all non-zero values of the feedback noise variances. Moreover, in the limit as $\\sigma_{Z_{k}}^{2}\\to \\infty$, $k=1,2$, our outer bound collapses to the capacity region of the Gaussian MAC wit...

Tandon, Ravi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Evaluating Bounds and Estimators for Constants of Random Polycrystals Composed of Orthotropic Elastic Materials  

SciTech Connect

While the well-known Voigt and Reuss (VR) bounds, and the Voigt-Reuss-Hill (VRH) elastic constant estimators for random polycrystals are all straightforwardly calculated once the elastic constants of anisotropic crystals are known, the Hashin-Shtrikman (HS) bounds and related self-consistent (SC) estimators for the same constants are, by comparison, more difficult to compute. Recent work has shown how to simplify (to some extent) these harder to compute HS bounds and SC estimators. An overview and analysis of a subsampling of these results is presented here with the main point being to show whether or not this extra work (i.e., in calculating both the HS bounds and the SC estimates) does provide added value since, in particular, the VRH estimators often do not fall within the HS bounds, while the SC estimators (for good reasons) have always been found to do so. The quantitative differences between the SC and the VRH estimators in the eight cases considered are often quite small however, being on the order of ±1%. These quantitative results hold true even though these polycrystal Voigt-Reuss-Hill estimators more typically (but not always) fall outside the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds, while the self-consistent estimators always fall inside (or on the boundaries of) these same bounds.

Berryman, J. G.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

cemmap working paper CWP12/05Best Nonparametric Bounds on Demand Responses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper uses revealed preference inequalities to provide tight nonparametric bounds on consumer responses to price changes. Price responses are allowed to vary nonparametrically across the income distribution by exploiting micro data on consumer expenditures and incomes over a finite set of discrete relative price changes. This is achieved by combining the theory of revealed preference with the semiparametric estimation of consumer expansion paths (Engel curves). We label these expansion path based bounds as E-bounds. Deviations from revealed preference restrictions are measured by preference perturbations which are shown to usefully characterise taste change.

Richard Blundell; Martin Browning; Ian Crawford; Richard Blundell; Ian Crawford; Martin Browning

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Thermodynamic Bounds on Nonlinear Electrostatic Perturbations in Intense Charged Particle Beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper places a lowest upper bound on the field energy in electrostatic perturbations in single-species charged particle beams with initial temperature anisotropy (TllT? thermodynamic bound on the field perturbation energy of the instabilities is obtained from the nonlinear Vlasov-Poisson equations for an arbitrary initial distribution function, including the effects of intense self-fields, finite geometry and nonlinear processes. This paper also includes analytical estimates of the nonlinear bounds for space-charge-dominated and emittance-dominated anisotropic bi-Maxwellian distributions.

Nikolas C. Logan and Ronald C. Davidson

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

284

Binding energy and fission of the heavy charged massive particle - nucleus bound state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a possibility of capture of a heavy charged massive particle $\\chi^-$ by the nucleus leading to appearance of a bound state. A simple analytic formula allowing to calculate binding energies of the $N\\chi^-$ bound state for different nuclei is derived. If the binding energy is sufficiently large the particle $\\chi^-$ is stable inside the nucleus. The probabilities of the nuclear fissions for such states are calculated. It is shown that the bound states are more stable to a possible fission in comparison to the bare nucleus. This makes an observation of this hypothetical charged massive particle and the superheavy nuclei more probable.

V. V. Flambaum; G. McManus; S. G. Porsev

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

285

Upper Higgs boson mass bounds from a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We establish the cutoff-dependent upper Higgs boson mass bound by means of direct lattice computations in the framework of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same chiral Yukawa coupling structure as in the Higgs-fermion sector of the Standard Model. As expected from the triviality picture of the Higgs sector, we observe the upper mass bound to decrease with rising cutoff parameter $\\Lambda$. Moreover, the strength of the fermionic contribution to the upper mass bound is explored by comparing to the corresponding analysis in the pure $\\Phi^4$-theory.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

286

Inefficiency and classical communication bounds for conversion between partially entangled pure bipartite states  

SciTech Connect

We derive lower limits on the inefficiency and classical communication costs of dilution between two-term bipartite pure states that are partially entangled. We first calculate explicit relations between the allowable error and classical communication costs of entanglement dilution using a previously described protocol, then consider a two-stage dilution from singlets with this protocol followed by some unknown protocol for conversion between partially entangled states. Applying overall lower bounds on classical communication and inefficiency to this two-stage protocol, we derive bounds for the unknown protocol. In addition we derive analogous (but looser) bounds for general pure states.

Fortescue, Ben; Lo, H.-K. [Center for Quantum Information and Quantum Control, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3G4 (Canada)

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Inefficiency and classical communication bounds for conversion between partially entangled pure bipartite states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive lower limits on the inefficiency and classical communication costs of dilution between two-term bipartite pure states that are partially entangled. We first calculate explicit relations between the allowable error and classical communication costs of entanglement dilution using the protocol of Lo-Popescu and then consider a two-stage dilution from singlets with this protocol followed by some unknown protocol for conversion between partially entangled states. Applying the lower bounds on classical communication and inefficiency of Harrow-Lo and Hayden-Winter to this two-stage protocol, we derive bounds for the unknown protocol. In addition we derive analogous (but looser) bounds for general pure states.

Ben Fortescue; Hoi-Kwong Lo

2004-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

288

Condition-Measure Bounds on the Behavior of the Central Trajectory of a Semi-Definete Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present bounds on various quantities of interest regarding the central trajectory of a semi-definite program (SDP), where the bounds are functions of Renegar's condition number C(d) and other naturally-occurring quantities ...

Nunez, Manuel A.

289

Low-Level Measurement with a Noble Gas Mass Spectrometer for Organically Bound Tritium in Environmental Samples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environmental and Organically Bound Tritium / Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology (Part 2)

H. Kakiuchi et al.

290

Modeling the Build-Up of Organically Bound Tritium in Crops After Acute Tritium Exposure in Greenhouse's Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Environmental and Organically Bound Tritium / Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology (Part 2)

Yu. Balashov; A. Golubev; V. Golubeva; S. Mavrin; U. Pereligina

291

V-156: Linux Kernel Array Bounds Checking Flaw Lets Local Users Gain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Linux Kernel Array Bounds Checking Flaw Lets Local Users 6: Linux Kernel Array Bounds Checking Flaw Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges V-156: Linux Kernel Array Bounds Checking Flaw Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges May 15, 2013 - 12:19am Addthis PROBLEM: Linux Kernel Array Bounds Checking Flaw Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges PLATFORM: Version(s): 2.6.37 to 3.8.9 ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in the Linux Kernel. REFERENCE LINKS: Linux Kernel SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028565 CVE-2013-2094 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: On systems compiled with PERF_EVENTS support, a local user can supply a specially crafted perf_event_open() call to execute arbitrary code on the target system with root privileges. The vulnerability resides in the perf_swevent_init() function in 'kernel/events/core.c'.

292

A tight bound on the length of odd cycles in the incompatibility graph ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 2, 2011 ... A bound of k + 2 was claimed for the smallest odd cycle of a non-C1P ..... these can be combined with any zero entry to get a forcing triple.

293

Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Reveals Mechanism of Action  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Reveals Mechanism of Action Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Reveals Mechanism of Action Print Tuesday, 24 January 2012 11:30 DNA replication is a critical step in the life of all organisms, insuring that each new cell gets an accurate copy of the genome. Among the legions of proteins required to do this work, the DNA-slicing "flap endonuclease" FEN1 plays a key role. Much of FEN1's structure was solved previously, but the DNA-free structure failed to expose information about the mechanics of how it works. An international team of scientists led by researchers from Berkeley Lab and the Scripps Research Institute has solved the structure of human FEN1 bound to DNA using ALS Beamline 12.3.1, revealing the surprising mechanism behind FEN1's speed, accuracy, and versatility.

294

U-041: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users Execute  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users 1: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-041: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code November 18, 2011 - 9:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Google Chrome Out-of-Bounds Write Error Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code. PLATFORM: Version(s) prior to 15.0.874.121 ABSTRACT: A remote user can create HTML that, when loaded by the target user, will execute arbitrary code on the target user's system. reference LINKS: Stable Channel Update CVE-2011-3900 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1026338 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: A vulnerability was reported in Google Chrome. A remote user can cause arbitrary code to be executed on the target user's system. A remote user can create specially crafted HTML that, when loaded by the target user,

295

Bounds on the Higgs Mass in the Standard Model and Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present bounds on the Higgs mass in the Standard Model and in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model using the effective potential with next-to-leading logarithms resummed by the renormalization group equations, and physical (pole) masses for the top quark and Higgs boson. In the Standard Model we obtain lower bounds from stability requirements: they depend on the top mass and the cutoff scale. In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model we obtain upper bounds which depend on the top mass and the scale of supersymmetry breaking. A Higgs mass measurement could discriminate, depending on the top mass, between the two models. Higgs discovery at LEP-200 can put an upper bound on the scale of new physics.

Mariano Quirós

1994-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

296

Stability of error bounds for semi-infinite convex constraint systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

where T is a compact, possibly infinite, Hausdorff space, ft : Rn ? R, t ? T, are .... is the error bound modulus [9]) (also known as conditioning rate [22]) of f at ¯x.

297

Bounds and Approximations for Sums of Dependent Log-Elliptical Random Variables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dhaene, Denuit, Goovaerts, Kaas & Vyncke (2002a,b) have studied convex bounds for a sum of dependent random variables and applied these to sums of log-normal random variables. In particular, they have shown how these convex bounds can be used to derive closed-form approximations for several of the risk measures of such a sum. In this paper we investigate to which extent their general results on convex bounds can also be applied to sums of log-elliptical random variables which incorporate sums of log-normals as a special case. Firstly, we show that unlike the log-normal case, for general sums of log-ellipticals the convex lower bound does no longer result in closed form approximations for the different risk measures. Secondly, we demonstrate how instead the weaker stop-loss order can be used to derive such closed form approximations. We also present numerical examples to show the accuracy of the proposed approximations.

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Comparison between CPBPV, ESC/Java, CBMC, Blast, EUREKA and Why for Bounded Program Verification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report describes experimental results for a set of benchmarks on program verification. It compares the capabilities of CPBVP "Constraint Programming framework for Bounded Program Verification" [4] with the following frameworks: ESC/Java, CBMC, Blast, EUREKA and Why.

Collavizza, Hélène; Van Hentenryck, Pascal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Parallel Branch-and-Bound for Chemical Engineering Applications: Load Balancing and Scheduling Issues  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Branch-and-prune (BP) and branch-and-bound (BB) techniques are commonly used for intelligent search in finding all solutions, or the optimal solution, within a space of interest. The corresponding binary tree structure provides a natural parallelism ...

Chao-Yang Gau; Mark A. Stadtherr

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Naturalness lowers the upper bound on the lightest Higgs boson mass in supersymmetry  

SciTech Connect

We quantify the extent to which naturalness is lost as experimental lower bounds on the Higgs boson mass increase, and we compute the natural upper bound on the lightest supersymmetric Higgs boson mass. We find that it would be unnatural for the mass of the lightest supersymmetric Higgs boson to saturate its maximal upper bound. In the absence of significant fine-tuning, the lightest Higgs boson mass should lie below 120 GeV, and in the most natural cases it should be lighter than 108 GeV. For modest tan{beta}, these bounds are significantly lower. Our results imply that a failure to observe a light Higgs boson in experiments previous to the CERN LHC becoming operational could provide a serious challenge to the principal motivation for weak-scale supersymmetry. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Anderson, G.W. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Castano, D.J. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Riotto, A. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

QNH: Mesoscale Bounded Derivative Initialization and Winter Storm Test over Complex Terrain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mesoscale bounded derivative initialization (BDI) is utilized to derive dynamical constraints, from which elliptic equations are formulated to derive smooth initial fields over complex terrain for mesoscale models. The initialization is ...

J. L. Lee; A. E. MacDonald

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Naturalness Lowers the Upper Bound on the Lightest Higgs boson Mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We quantify the extent to which naturalness is lost as experimental lower bounds on the Higgs boson mass increase, and we compute the natural upper bound on the lightest supersymmetric Higgs boson mass. We find that it would be unnatural for the mass of the lightest supersymmetric Higgs boson to saturate it’s maximal upper bound. In the absence of significant fine-tuning, the lightest Higgs boson mass should lie below 120 GeV, and in the most natural cases it should be lighter than 108 GeV. For modest tan ?, these bounds are significantly lower. Our results imply that a failure to observe a light Higgs boson in pre-LHC experiments could provide a serious challenge to the principal motivation for weak-scale supersymmetry. 1

In Supersymmetry; Greg W. Anderson; Diego J. Castaño; Antonio Riotto

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Efficient schemes for anonymous yet authorized and bounded use of cloud resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we introduce anonymous yet authorized and bounded cloud resource schemes. Contrary to many other approaches to security and privacy in the cloud, we aim at hiding behavioral information, i.e. consumption patterns, of users consuming their ...

Daniel Slamanig

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Bounded rationality and satisficing in young people's Web-based decision making  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigated Simon's behavioral decision-making theories of bounded rationality and satisficing in relation to young people's decision making in the World Wide Web, and considered the role of personal preferences in Web-based decisions. It ...

Denise E. Agosto

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A Quadratic Loss Multi-Class SVM for which a Radius-Margin Bound Applies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To set the values of the hyperparameters of a support vector machine (SVM), the method of choice is cross-validation. Several upper bounds on the leave-one-out error of the pattern recognition SVM have been derived. One of the most popular is the radius-margin ... Keywords: leave-one-out cross-validation error, model selection, multi-class SVMs, radius-margin bounds

Yann Guermeur; Emmanuel Monfrini

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Neutrino chirality flip in a supernova and the bound on the neutrino magnetic moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutrino chirality-flip process under the conditions of the supernova core is investigated in detail with the plasma polarization effects in the photon propagator taken into account. It is shown that the contribution of the proton fraction of plasma is essential. New upper bounds on the neutrino magnetic moment are obtained: mu_nu flip. The best astrophysical upper bound on the neutrino magnetic moment is improved by the factor of 3 to 7.

A. V. Kuznetsov; N. V. Mikheev

2006-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

307

A branch and bound formulation to an electricity distribution planning problem  

SciTech Connect

The application of a branch-and-bound method to a heuristic circuit-optimisation algorithm for electricity distribution planning is described. The intention is to produce a family of near-optimal designs to a given planning problem. The principal results of this approach are twofold. First, a clearer understanding of the complex network modelling problem is obtained, and secondly the imaginative development of branch-and-bound formulation for optimisation purposes is stimulated.

Boardman, J.T.; Meckiff, C.C.

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Transition Time Bounded Low-power Clock Tree Construction Min Pan, Chris Chong-Nuen Chu and J. Morris Chang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transition Time Bounded Low-power Clock Tree Construction Min Pan, Chris Chong-Nuen Chu and J signal extremely tight. Hence, it is necessary to have transition time bounds to construct low-power clock trees in high performance systems. In this paper, we formulate the transition time bounded low-power

Chu, Chris C.-N.

309

Outer Bounds for Multiple Access Channels with Feedback using Dependence Balance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the idea of dependence balance to obtain a new outer bound for the capacity region of the discrete memoryless multiple access channel with noiseless feedback (MAC-FB). We consider a binary additive noisy MAC-FB whose feedback capacity is not known. The binary additive noisy MAC considered in this paper can be viewed as the discrete counterpart of the Gaussian MAC-FB. Ozarow established that the capacity region of the two-user Gaussian MAC-FB is given by the cut-set bound. Our result shows that for the discrete version of the channel considered by Ozarow, this is not the case. Direct evaluation of our outer bound is intractable due to an involved auxiliary random variable whose large cardinality prohibits an exhaustive search. We overcome this difficulty by using functional analysis to explicitly evaluate our outer bound. Our outer bound is strictly less than the cut-set bound at all points on the capacity region where feedback increases capacity. In addition, we explicitly evaluate the Cover-Leung achi...

Tandon, Ravi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Common Formative Assessments Developed Through Professional Learning Communities (PLCs): A Case Study to Analyze the Alignment of Curriculum, Assessment, and Instruction in a Math PLC at a Title I Middle School in the Southern United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The introduction of No Child Left Behind increased performance expectations for students across the United States and compelled teachers to focus on standardized assessments instead of frequent formative assessments to monitor instruction and promote student learning. Common formative assessments (CFAs) help teachers align curriculum, assessment, and instruction while building the collective knowledge of the professional learning communities (PLCs). This qualitative case study analyzed the collaborative processes used by five sixth grade math teachers and one instructional coach (IC) at a Title I middle in the Southern United States to align the rigor between learning objectives, PLC-developed CFAs and classroom instruction. Of the teachers selected for the case study, the most experienced teacher had 35 years of teaching experience while the least experienced had two years of experience. This case study sought to answer the following overarching question: What collaborative processes are used to build CFAs in a PLC comprised of five sixth grade math teachers and one instructional coach at a Title I middle school in the Southern United States. The following sub-questions were also addressed: 1. What professional dialogue occurs when the sixth grade math PLC collaborates to develop CFAs that align with the rigor of TEKS and STAAR? 2. What resources does the sixth grade math PLC use to develop CFAs that align with the rigor of the TEKS and STAAR? Data was collected during collaborative CFA development sessions, eJournal reflection notes, one focus group, and supplemental documents from participants. Qualitative data analysis techniques included combing through the data for codes and using constant comparative analysis to determine main and sub-themes. The findings discovered that the sixth grade math PLC was methodical in their protocols to build CFAs. The progression from beginning to end involved deconstructing the TEKS, sharing instructional strategies, identifying anticipated student misconceptions and posing reflective questions to the group. The results of the case study revealed that the processes involved in creating CFAs were strategically implemented in a way that promoted precise alignment between curriculum, assessment, and instruction.

Hill, Tory C

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Isospin Properties of ($K^-$, $N$) Reactions for the Formation of Deeply-bound Antikaonic Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formation of deeply-bound antikaonic $K^-/\\bar{K}^0$ nuclear states by nuclear ($K^-$, $N$) reactions is investigated theoretically within a distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA), considering the isospin properties of the Fermi-averaged $K^-+ N \\to N + \\bar{K}$ elementary amplitudes. We calculate the formation cross sections of the deeply-bound $\\bar{K}$ states by the ($K^-$, $N$) reactions on the nuclear targets, $^{12}$C and $^{28}$Si, at incident $K^-$ lab momentum $p_{K^-}$ = 1.0 GeV/c and $\\theta_{\\rm lab} = 0^{\\circ}$, introducing a complex effective nucleon number $N_{\\rm eff}$ for unstable bound states in the DWIA. The results show that the deeply-bound $\\bar{K}$ states can be populated dominantly by the ($K^-$, $n$) reaction via the total isoscalar $\\Delta T=0$ transition owing to the isospin nature of the $K^-+ N \\to N + \\bar{K}$ amplitudes, and that the cross sections described by ${\\rm Re}N_{\\rm eff}$ and ${\\rm Arg}N_{\\rm eff}$ enable to deduce the structure of the $\\bar{K}$ nuclear states; the calculated inclusive nucleon spectra for a deep $\\bar{K}$-nucleus potential do not show distinct peak structure in the bound region. The few-body $\\bar{K}\\otimes [NN]$ and $\\bar{K}\\otimes [NNN]$ states formed in ($K^-$, $N$) reactions on $s$-shell nuclear targets, $^3$He, $^3$H and $^4$He, are also discussed.

T. Koike; T. Harada

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Reveals Mechanism of Action  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Reveals Mechanism of Action Print Structure of DNA-Bound FEN1 Reveals Mechanism of Action Print DNA replication is a critical step in the life of all organisms, insuring that each new cell gets an accurate copy of the genome. Among the legions of proteins required to do this work, the DNA-slicing "flap endonuclease" FEN1 plays a key role. Much of FEN1's structure was solved previously, but the DNA-free structure failed to expose information about the mechanics of how it works. An international team of scientists led by researchers from Berkeley Lab and the Scripps Research Institute has solved the structure of human FEN1 bound to DNA using ALS Beamline 12.3.1, revealing the surprising mechanism behind FEN1's speed, accuracy, and versatility. A Recipe for Rigorous Replication

313

Multicasting in Large Wireless Networks: Bounds on the Minimum Energy per Bit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider scaling laws for maximal energy efficiency of communicating a message to all the nodes in a wireless network, as the number of nodes in the network becomes large. Two cases of large wireless networks are studied -- dense random networks and constant density (extended) random networks. In addition, we also study finite size regular networks in order to understand how regularity in node placement affects energy consumption. We first establish an information-theoretic lower bound on the minimum energy per bit for multicasting in arbitrary wireless networks when the channel state information is not available at the transmitters. Upper bounds are obtained by constructing a simple flooding scheme that requires no information at the receivers about the channel states or the locations and identities of the nodes. The gap between the upper and lower bounds is only a constant factor for dense random networks and regular networks, and differs by a poly-logarithmic factor for extended random networks. Further...

Jain, Aman; Verdu, Sergio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Mott law as lower bound for a random walk in a random environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a random walk on the support of a stationary simple point process on $R^d$, $d\\geq 2$ which satisfies a mixing condition w.r.t.the translations or has a strictly positive density uniformly on large enough cubes. Furthermore the point process is furnished with independent random bounded energy marks. The transition rates of the random walk decay exponentially in the jump distances and depend on the energies through a factor of the Boltzmann-type. This is an effective model for the phonon-induced hopping of electrons in disordered solids within the regime of strong Anderson localization. We show that the rescaled random walk converges to a Brownian motion whose diffusion coefficient is bounded below by Mott's law for the variable range hopping conductivity at zero frequency. The proof of the lower bound involves estimates for the supercritical regime of an associated site percolation problem.

A. Faggionato; H. Schulz-Baldes; D. Spehner

2004-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

315

Triplet states in the Be atom: bound state spectrum and hyperfine structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bound state spectrum of low-lying triplet states in the Be atom is investigated. In particular, we perform accurate computations of various bound triplet $S$, $P$, $D$, $F$, and $G$ states in the four-electron Be atom. For the $2^3S(L = 0)$ state in the Be atom we determine the hyperfine structure and a number of bound states properties by using results of highly accurate computations. The energies of the hyperfine structure levels for this state are $\\varepsilon(F = \\frac12)$ = -13725.927(7) $MHz$, $\\varepsilon(F = \\frac32)$ = -5490.371(7) $MHz$ and $\\varepsilon(F = \\frac52)$ = 8235.556(7) $MHz$, respectively. The observed hyperfine structure splittings for the the $2^3S(L = 0)$ state in the ${}^{9}$Be atom must be $\\Delta_{12}$ = 8235.556(7) $MHz$ and $\\Delta_{23}$ = 13725.927(7) $MHz$, respectively.

Frolov, Alexei M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Underwater Acoustic Networks: Channel Models and Network Coding based Lower Bound to Transmission Power for Multicast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is two-fold. First, to establish a tractable model for the underwater acoustic channel useful for network optimization in terms of convexity. Second, to propose a network coding based lower bound for transmission power in underwater acoustic networks, and compare this bound to the performance of several network layer schemes. The underwater acoustic channel is characterized by a path loss that depends strongly on transmission distance and signal frequency. The exact relationship among power, transmission band, distance and capacity for the Gaussian noise scenario is a complicated one. We provide a closed-form approximate model for 1) transmission power and 2) optimal frequency band to use, as functions of distance and capacity. The model is obtained through numerical evaluation of analytical results that take into account physical models of acoustic propagation loss and ambient noise. Network coding is applied to determine a lower bound to transmission power for a multicast scenario, fo...

Lucani, Daniel E; Stojanovic, Milica

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Bounds for the moduli of continuity for conformal mappings of domains near their accessible boundary arcs  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents bounds for the moduli of continuity {omega}(f, G-bar ,{delta}) of conformal mappings w=f(z) of a bounded simply connected domain G with an arbitrary Jordan boundary onto a bounded simply connected domain with an arbitrary Jordan boundary, the 'quality' of boundaries being taken into account. For a Jordan curve (simple arc or a closed contour), its quality is characterized in general by its modulus of oscillation, and if it has finite length, by a more sensitive modulus of rectifiability-these purely metric concepts were introduced by the author in 1996. Theorems on the behaviour of conformal mappings of simply connected domains of arbitrary nature near open accessible boundary arcs are established. Bibliography: 18 titles.

Dolzhenko, Evgenii P [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

Thermodynamic Bounds on Nonlinear Electrostatic Perturbations in Intense Charged Particle Beams  

SciTech Connect

This paper places a lowest upper bound on the field energy in electrostatic perturbations in single-species charged particle beams with initial temperature anisotropy (TllT? < 1). The result applies to all electrostatic perturbations driven by the natural anisotropies that develop in accelerated particle beams, including Harris-type electrostatic instabilities, known to limit the luminosity and minimum spot size attainable in experiments. The thermodynamic bound on the field perturbation energy of the instabilities is obtained from the nonlinear Vlasov-Poisson equations for an arbitrary initial distribution function, including the effects of intense self-fields, finite geometry and nonlinear processes. This paper also includes analytical estimates of the nonlinear bounds for space-charge-dominated and emittance-dominated anisotropic bi-Maxwellian distributions.

Nikolas C. Logan and Ronald C. Davidson

2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

319

Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy fourth quark family  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present Higgs boson mass bounds in a lattice regularization allowing thus for non-perturbative investigations. In particular, we employ a lattice modified chiral invariant Higgs-Yukawa model using the overlap operator. We show results for the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a heavy mass-degenerate quark doublet with masses ranging up to 700 GeV. We perform infinite volume extrapolations in most cases, and examine several values of the lattice cutoff. Furthermore, we argue that the lower Higgs boson mass bound is stable with respect to the addition of higher dimensional operators to the scalar field potential. Our results have severe consequences for the phenomenology of a fourth generation of quarks if a light Higgs boson is discovered at the LHC.

John Bulava; Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal; Attila Nagy

2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

320

Approximation method for a spherical bound system in the quantum plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system of quantum hydrodynamic equations has been used for investigating the dielectric tensor and dispersion equation of a semiconductor as a quantum magnetized plasma. Dispersion relations and their modifications due to quantum effects are derived for both longitudinal and transverse waves. The number of states and energy levels are analytically estimated for a spherical bound system embedded in a semiconductor quantum plasma. The results show that longitudinal waves decay rapidly and do not interact with the spherical bound system. The energy shifts caused by the spin-orbit interaction and the Zeeman effect are calculated.

Mehramiz, A.; Sobhanian, S. [Department of Atomic and Molecular Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Tabriz, East Azerbaijan 51664 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mahmoodi, J. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Qom, P.O. Box 3716146611, Qom (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

On Plateau's Problem for Soap Films with a Bound on Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove existence and a.e. regularity of an area minimizing soap film with a bound on energy spanning a given Jordan curve in R^3. The energy of a film is defined to be the sum of its surface area and the length of its singular branched set. The class of surfaces over which area is minimized includes images of disks, integral currents, nonorientable surfaces and soap films as observed by Plateau with a bound on energy. Our area minimizing solution is shown to be a smooth surface away from its branched set which is a union of Lipschitz Jordan curves of finite total length.

Jenny Harrison

2004-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

322

CMB bounds on dark matter annihilation: nucleon energy-losses after recombination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the propagation and energy losses of protons and anti-protons produced by dark matter annihilation at redshifts 100energy injected into e^\\pm and \\gamma's, but their interactions are normally neglected when deriving CMB bounds from altered recombination histories. Here, we follow numerically the energy-loss history of typical protons/antiprotons in the cosmological medium. We show that about half of their energy is channeled into photons and e^\\pm, and we present a simple prescription to estimate the corresponding strengthening of the CMB bounds on the dark matter annihilation cross section.

Weniger, Christoph; Iocco, Fabio; Bertone, Gianfranco

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Higgs-Higgs bound state due to New Physics at a TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the effects of new physics effecting the Higgs sector of the standard model, focusing on the effects on the Higgs self couplings. We demonstrate that a low mass higgs, m_h higgs-higgs bound state. To this end, we construct an effective field theory formalism to examine the physics of such a low mass higgs boson. We explore the possibility of a non relativistic bound state of the higgs field (Higgsium) at LHC and construct a non relativistic effective field theory of the higgs sector that is appropriate for such studies (NRHET).

Benjamin Grinstein; Michael Trott

2007-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

324

Inefficiency and classical communication bounds for conversion between partially entangled pure bipartite states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive lower limits on the inefficiency and classical communication costs of dilution between two-term bipartite pure states that are partially entangled. We first calculate explicit relations between the allowable error and classical communication costs of entanglement dilution using the protocol of Lo-Popescu and then consider a two-stage dilution from singlets with this protocol followed by some unknown protocol for conversion between partially entangled states. Applying the lower bounds on classical communication and inefficiency of Harrow-Lo and Hayden-Winter to this two-stage protocol, we derive bounds for the unknown protocol.

Fortescue, B; Fortescue, Ben; Lo, Hoi-Kwong

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Bounding the greybody factors for the Reissner-Nordström black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A black hole can emit radiation called Hawking radiation. Such radiation seen by an observer outside the black hole differs from the original radiation near the horizon of the black hole by the so-called "greybody factor". In this paper, the bounds of the greybody factors for the Reissner-Nordstr\\"{o}m black holes are obtained. These bounds can be derived by using the 2 x 2 transfer matrices. It is found that the charges of black holes act as good barriers.

Tritos Ngampitipan; Petarpa Boonserm

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

326

A Model-Free No-arbitrage Price Bound for Variance Options  

SciTech Connect

We suggest a numerical approximation for an optimization problem, motivated by its applications in finance to find the model-free no-arbitrage bound of variance options given the marginal distributions of the underlying asset. A first approximation restricts the computation to a bounded domain. Then we propose a gradient projection algorithm together with the finite difference scheme to solve the optimization problem. We prove the general convergence, and derive some convergence rate estimates. Finally, we give some numerical examples to test the efficiency of the algorithm.

Bonnans, J. Frederic, E-mail: frederic.bonnans@inria.fr [Ecole Polytechnique, INRIA-Saclay (France); Tan Xiaolu, E-mail: xiaolu.tan@polytechnique.edu [Ecole Polytechnique, CMAP (France)

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

New Neutrino Mass Bounds from Sloan Digital Sky Survey III Data Release 8 Photometric Luminous Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present neutrino mass bounds using 900,000 luminous galaxies with photometric redshifts measured from Sloan Digital Sky Survey III Data Release Eight (SDSS DR8). The galaxies have photometric redshifts between $z = 0.45$ and $z = 0.65$, and cover 10,000 square degrees and thus probe a volume of 3$h^{-3}$Gpc$^3$, enabling tight constraints to be derived on the amount of dark matter in the form of massive neutrinos. A new bound on the sum of neutrino masses $\\sum m_\

de Putter, Roland; Giusarma, Elena; Ho, Shirley; Cuesta, Antonio; Seo, Hee-Jong; Ross, Ashley; White, Martin; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Kirkby, David; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Oravetz, Daniel; Pan, Kaike; Percival, Will J; Ross, Nicholas P; Schneider, Donald P; Shelden, Alaina; Simmons, Audrey; Snedden, Stephanie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Tight bound on coherent-state-based entanglement generation over lossy channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first stage of the hybrid quantum repeaters is entanglement generation based on transmission of pulses in coherent states over a lossy channel. Protocols to make entanglement with only one type of error are favorable for rendering subsequent entanglement distillation efficient. Here we provide the tight upper bound on performances of these protocols that is determined only by the channel loss. In addition, we show that this bound is achievable by utilizing a proposed protocol [K. Azuma, N. Sota, R. Namiki, S. K. Oezdemir, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, Phys. Rev. A 80, 060303(R) (2009)] composed of a simple combination of linear optical elements and photon-number-resolving detectors.

Azuma, Koji; Sota, Naoya; Koashi, Masato; Imoto, Nobuyuki [Division of Materials Physics, Department of Materials Engineering Science, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-8531 (Japan)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Void bounds for fluid transport in sea ice K.M. Golden a,*, A.L. Heaton a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cylindrical tubes occupying a volume fraction /, k 6 /hR4 I i 8hR2 I i . ð58� This bound is again optimal the d = 2 void bounds. Consider the steady state flow of a vis- cous fluid through a cylindrical tubeVoid bounds for fluid transport in sea ice K.M. Golden a,*, A.L. Heaton a , H. Eicken b , V

Golden, Kenneth M.

330

A New Expression for 3N Bound State Faddeev Equation in a 3D Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A spin-isospin dependent three-dimensional approach has been applied for formulation of the three-nucleon bound state and a new expression for Faddeev equation based on three-nucleon free basis state has been obtained. Then the three-nucleon wave function has been obtained as a function of five independent variables.

M. Harzchi; S. Bayegan

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

331

ARMORED: CPU-Bound Encryption for Android-Driven ARM Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As recently shown by attacks against Android-driven smart phones, ARM devices are vulnerable to cold boot attacks. At the end of 2012, the data recovery tool FROST was released which exploits the remanence effect of RAM to recover user data from a smart ... Keywords: CPU-bound encryption, Cold boot, AES, ARM, Android

Johannes Götzfried, Tilo Müller

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The static electric polarizability of a particle bound by a finite potential well  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we derive an expression for the static electric polarizability of a particle bound by a finite potential well without the explicit use of the continuum states in our calculations. This will be accomplished by employing the elegant Dalgarno-Lewis perturbative technique.

M. A. Maize; M. A. Antonacci

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

333

Decoupling of Spurious Deep Bound States with the Similarity Renormalization Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Similarity Renormalization Group (SRG) is a continuous series of unitary transformations that can be implemented as a flow equation. When the relative kinetic energy ($\\Trel$) is used in the SRG generator, nuclear structure calculations have shown greatly improved convergence with basis size because of the decoupling of high-energy and low-energy physics. However this generator can sometimes be problematic. A test case is provided by a study of initial interactions from chiral effective field theories with large cutoffs, which can lead to spurious deep bound states. We would like the SRG to decouple these from the physical shallow bound states. However, with $\\Trel$ the high- and low-energy bound states are not decoupled in the usual sense. Replacing $\\Trel$ by the momentum-space diagonal of the Hamiltonian ($H_d$) in the SRG generator does produce decoupling, such that the shallow states are in the low-momentum region and the deep bound states are at higher momentum. The flow toward universal low-momentum interactions is also restored.

K. A. Wendt; R. J. Furnstahl; R. J. Perry

2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

334

Decoupling of spurious deeply bound states with the similarity renormalization group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The similarity renormalization group (SRG) is a continuous series of unitary transformations that can be implemented as a flow equation. When the relative kinetic energy (T{sub rel}) is used in the SRG generator, nuclear structure calculations have shown greatly improved convergence with basis size because of the decoupling of high-energy and low-energy physics. However this generator can sometimes be problematic. A test case is provided by a study of initial interactions from chiral effective field theories with large cutoffs, which can lead to spurious deeply bound states. We would like the SRG to decouple these from the physical shallow bound states. However, with T{sub rel} the high- and low-energy bound states are not decoupled in the usual sense. Replacing T{sub rel} by the momentum-space diagonal of the Hamiltonian (H{sub d}) in the SRG generator does produce decoupling, such that the shallow states are in the low-momentum region and the deeply bound states are at higher momentum. The flow toward universal low-momentum interactions is also restored.

Wendt, K. A.; Furnstahl, R. J.; Perry, R. J. [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Delay Bounded Rate and Power Control in Energy Harvesting Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In [3] solar energy was modeled as a Markov process after analysis of years of observed dataDelay Bounded Rate and Power Control in Energy Harvesting Wireless Networks R.A. Raghuvir and Dinesh Rajan Department of Electrical Engineering Southern Methodist University Dallas, TX 75275

Rajan, Dinesh

336

A Comparison of the Bounded Derivative and the Normal-Mode Initialization Methods Using Real Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application of the bounded-derivative and normal-mode methods to a simple linear barotropic model at a typical middle latitude shows that the two methods lead to identical constraints up to a certain degree of approximation. Beyond this accuracy ...

F. H. M. Semazzi; I. M. Navon

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Z boson decay to photon plus Kaluza-Klein graviton: large extra dimensional bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the phenomenology of the decay of a Z boson into a photon and a Kaluza-Klein excitation of the graviton in the ADD model. Using LEP data, we obtain an upper bound on the branching ratio corresponding to this process of ~10^-11. We also investigate energy profiles of the process.

Ben C. Allanach; Jordan P. Skittrall

2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

338

Bounds on the Nonminimal Coupling of the Higgs Boson to Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the first bound on the value of the Higgs boson non-minimal coupling to the Ricci scalar. We show that the recent discovery of the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN implies that the non-minimal coupling is smaller than $2.6\\times 10^{15}$.

Michael Atkins; Xavier Calmet

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

SoftBound: highly compatible and complete spatial memory safety for c  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The serious bugs and security vulnerabilities facilitated by C/C++'s lack of bounds checking are well known, yet C and C++ remain in widespread use. Unfortunately, C's arbitrary pointer arithmetic, conflation of pointers and arrays, and programmer-visible ... Keywords: buffer overflows, c, spatial memory safety

Santosh Nagarakatte; Jianzhou Zhao; Milo M.K. Martin; Steve Zdancewic

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The bound-optimal cutting plane method: a new paradigm for cutting ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 24, 2013 ... Page 11 ... single cut because, if cut (c) (resp. cut (d)), is added, the segment CD ? AD (resp. ... Typically, as we will show in Section 5, the bound at which. 11 ..... 1.03 91. 91. 1.65 80. 80. 1.50 48. 48 344.00 huck. 11.00. 9. 9.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Local Dephasing Rates Set an Upper Bound for the Dephasing of Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I derive an inequality in which the dephasing rates of single qubits set an upper bound for the dephasing rate of GHZ-type entangled states of many qubits. The derivation is based on two assumptions, first, that the dephasing can be described by a dissipator in Lindblad form and, second, that the dephasing preserves the population of qubit states in a given basis.

Dürr, Stephan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Model Independent Upper Bound on the Lightest Higgs Boson Mass in Supersymmetric Standard Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the main features of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) is the existence of an absolute tree-level upper bound $m_h$ on the mass of the $CP=+1$ lightest Higgs boson, equal to $m_Z$, that could affect detectability at future colliders. The above bound is spoiled by {\\bf radiative corrections} and by an {\\bf enlarged Higgs sector}, as {\\em e.g.} a gauge singlet. Radiative corrections in the MSSM can push the upper bound up to $115\\ GeV$ for $m_t \\simlt 150\\ GeV$. The presence of an enlarged Higgs sector changes the previous upper bound to one depending on the electroweak scale, $\\tan \\beta$ and the gauge and Yukawa couplings of the theory. When radiative corrections are included, the allowed region in the $(m_h,m_t)$ plane depends on the scale $\\Lambda$ below which the theory remains perturbative. In particular, for models with arbitrary Higgs sectors and couplings saturating the scale $\\Lambda=10^{16}\\ GeV$ we find $m_h \\simlt 155\\ GeV$ and $m_t \\simlt 190\\ GeV$.

Mariano Quiros

1993-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

343

Fuzzy Rule–Based Approach for Detection of Bounded Weak-Echo Regions in Radar Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for the detection of a bounded weak-echo region (BWER) within a storm structure that can help in the prediction of severe weather phenomena is presented. A fuzzy rule–based approach that takes care of the various uncertainties associated ...

Nikhil R. Pal; Achintya K. Mandal; Srimanta Pal; Jyotirmay Das; V. Lakshmanan

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Network reconfiguration of distributed controlled homogenous power inverter network using composite Lyapunov function based reachability bound  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We outline a methodology to determine the reachability bound of a homogeneous interactive power network (IPN) with wireless distributed control by using a piecewise linear (PWL) model of the system. By formulating a convex optimization problem based ... Keywords: Lyapunov stability, Markov-chain model, linear matrix inequality, piecewise linear systems, reaching conditions, switching power converters

Sudip K. Mazumder; Kaustuva Acharya; Muhammad Tahir

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

{x:r? n /r n ? 1} and lower bounds for e -x -r - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Size of {x: r,'7 r?; T} and Lower Bounds for. He_x_rnH ... fora>0, a where r,l is a rational function of degree n, ,B is a constant independent of n and it is ...

346

PARTICLE FILTERING AND CRAM ER-RAO LOWER BOUND FOR UNDERWATER NAVIGATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PARTICLE FILTERING AND CRAM ´ER-RAO LOWER BOUND FOR UNDERWATER NAVIGATION Rickard Karlsson, Fredrik-mail: {rickard,fredrik}@isy.liu.se Tobias Karlsson Saab Bofors Underwater Systems Box 910 SE-591 29 Motala relying on a dig- ital underwater terrain map and sonar measurements. The method is applicable for both

Gustafsson, Fredrik

347

Surface Science Prospectives Weakly bound buffer layers: A versatile template for metallic nano-clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface Science Prospectives Weakly bound buffer layers: A versatile template for metallic nano layers Metallic nano-crystals Film patterning Laser ablation a b s t r a c t Buffer layers composed controlled growth of nano-clusters and for patterning of thin metallic films. Metallic nano-crystals can

Asscher, Micha

348

Solute spreading in nonstationary flows in bounded, heterogeneous unsaturated-saturated media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

three cases: transport in a mean gravity-dominated flow, in an unsaturated flow with a water table in nonstationary flows in bounded, heterogeneous unsaturated-saturated media, Water Resour. Res., 39(3), 1049, doi et al., 1991; Jury and Scotter, 1994; Harter and Yeh, 1996a, 1996b]. [3] In most of these models

Lu, Zhiming

349

Kinetic theory of the nonlinear wave interaction in a semi-bounded plasma  

SciTech Connect

We develop a kinetic theory of the nonlinear wave interaction in a semi-bounded plasma for the specular-reflection model. We obtain the nonlinear equation for the field; we use this to study the surface-wave resonant interaction that leads to decay and explosive instabilities.

Sitenko, A.G.; Pavlenko, V.N.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Asymptotic and numerical analysis of an inviscid bounded vortex flow at low Mach number  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inviscid low Mach number compressible flow developing from a plane incompressible vortex with constant density in a bounded domain is studied. A reference solution for this model flow is obtained by two-time scale asymptotic development in the zero ... Keywords: Asymptotic development, Compressible low Mach number flow, Explicit Roe scheme, Implicit scheme, WENO and high-order-compact schemes

Anne Cadiou; Lionel Le Penven; Marc Buffat

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Deterministic and Randomized Bounded Truth-table Reductions of P, NL, and L to Sparse Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We prove that there is no sparse hard set for P under logspace computable bounded truthtable reductions unless P = L. In case of reductions computable in NC 1 , the collapse goes down to P = NC 1 . We parameterize this result and obtain a generic theorem allowing to vary the sparseness condition, the space bound and the number of queries of the truth-table reduction. Another instantiation yields that there is no quasipolynomially dense hard set for P under polylogspace computable truth-table reductions using polylogarithmically many queries unless P is in polylog-space. We also apply the proof technique to NL and L. We establish that there is no sparse hard set for NL under logspace computable bounded truth-table reductions unless NL = L, and that there is no sparse hard set for L under NC 1 -computable bounded truth-table reductions unless L = NC 1 . We show that all these results carry over to the randomized setting: If we allow two-sided error randomized reductions with con...

Dieter Van Melkebeek

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Free Will and the Bounds of the Self1 [Forthcoming in Robert Kane, ed. Oxford Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Free Will and the Bounds of the Self1 [Forthcoming in Robert Kane, ed. Oxford Handbook of Free responsible for anything we did. After all, we would never be free to choose any behavior other than the one cannot be fully free or responsible. Our aim here is to get at the sources of this discomfort and thereby

Knobe, Joshua

353

FSM-Hume: programming resource-limited systems using bounded automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hume is a novel domain-specific programming language targeting resource-bounded computations, such as real-time embedded systems or mobile code. It is based on generalised concurrent automata, controlled by transitions characterised by pattern matching ... Keywords: finite state automata, functional language, multi-process simulation

Greg Michaelson; Kevin Hammond; Jocelyn Serot

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

About the Upper Bound of the Chiral Index of Multivariate Distributions  

SciTech Connect

A family of distributions in R{sup d} having a chiral index greater or equal to a constant arbitrarily close to 1/2 is exhibited. It is deduced that the upper bound of the chiral index lies in the interval [1/2; 1], for any dimension d.

Petitjean, Michel [DSV/iBiTec-S/SB2SM (CNRS URA 2096), CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

355

Bounds on the Solar Antineutrino total Flux and Energy spectrum from the SK experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search for inverse beta decay electron antineutrinos has been carried out using the 825 days sample of solar data obtained at SK. The absence of a significant signal, that is, contributions to the total SK background and their angular variations has set upper bounds on a) the absolute flux of solar antineutrinos originated from ${}^8 B$ neutrinos $\\Phi_{\\bar{\

E. Torrente-Lujan

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

356

A novel branch and bound algorithm for optimal development of gas fields under uncertainty in reserves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

models for planning in the oil and gas exploration and production industry. A major challenge of the available literature that deals with planning of oil and gas field infrastruc- tures uses a deterministicA novel branch and bound algorithm for optimal development of gas fields under uncertainty

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

357

Cluster expansion for abstract polymer models. New bounds from an old approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisit the classical approach to cluster expansions, based on tree graphs, and establish a new convergence condition that improves those by Kotecky-Preiss and Dobrushin, as we show in some examples. The two ingredients of our approach are: (i) a careful consideration of the Penrose identity for truncated functions, and (ii) the use of iterated transformations to bound tree-graph expansions.

Roberto Fernandez; Aldo Procacci

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

358

Bounding errors introduced by clustering of customers in closed product-form queuing networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Product-form queuing network models have been widely used to model systems with shared resources such as computer systems (both centralized and distributed), communication networks, and flexible manufacturing systems. Closed multichain product-form networks ... Keywords: balance equation, closed network, clustering, error bound, product-form, quasi-reversibility, queuing network

William C. Cheng; Richard R. Muntz

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Acidity and catalytic activity of zeolite catalysts bound with silica and alumina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zeolites ZSM-5 (SiO2/Al2O3=30~280) and Y(SiO2/Al2O3=5.2~80) are bound with silica gel (Ludox HS-40 and Ludox AS-40) and alumina (?- Al2O3 and boehmite) by different binding methods, namely, gel-mixing, powder-mixing and powder-wet-mixing methods. The acidities of the bound catalysts and the zeolite powder are determined by NH3-TPD and FTIR. The textures of these catalysts are analyzed on a BET machine with nitrogen as a probe molecule. The micropore surface area and micropore volume are determined by t-plot method. Micropore volume distribution is determined by Horvath-Kawazoe approach with a cylindrical pore model. Mesopore volume distribution is determined by BJH method from the nitrogen desorption isotherm. Silica from the binder may react with extra-framework alumina in zeolites to form a new protonic acid. SiO2-bound catalysts have less strong acidity, Bronsted acidity and Lewis acidity than the zeolite powder. Also, the strength of strong acid sites of the zeolites is reduced when silica is embedded. Micropore surface area and micropore volume are reduced by about 19% and 18%, respectively, indicating some micropores of ZSM-5 are blocked on binding with silica. SiO2-bound ZSM-5 catalysts have less catalytic activity for butane transformation (cracking and disproportionation) and ethylene oligomerization than ZSM-5 powder. When alumina is used as a binder, both the total acid sites and Lewis acid sites are increased. Micropore surface area and micropore volume of ZSM-5 powder are reduced by 26% and 23%, respectively, indicating some micropores of ZSM-5 are blocked by the alumina binder. Alumina-bound catalysts showed a lower activity for butane transformation and ethylene oligomerization than ZSM-5 powder. Alkaline metals content in the binder is a crucial factor that influences the acidity of a bound catalyst. The metal cations neutralize more selectively Bronsted acid sites than Lewis acid sites. Alkaline metal cations in the binder and micropore blockage cause the bound catalysts to have a lower catalytic activity than the zeolite powder.

Wu, Xianchun

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

NEW NEUTRINO MASS BOUNDS FROM SDSS-III DATA RELEASE 8 PHOTOMETRIC LUMINOUS GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We present neutrino mass bounds using 900,000 luminous galaxies with photometric redshifts measured from Sloan Digital Sky Survey III Data Release 8. The galaxies have photometric redshifts between z = 0.45 and z = 0.65 and cover 10,000 deg{sup 2}, thus probing a volume of 3 h {sup -3} Gpc{sup 3} and enabling tight constraints to be derived on the amount of dark matter in the form of massive neutrinos. A new bound on the sum of neutrino masses {Sigma}m{sub {nu}} < 0.27 eV, at the 95% confidence level (CL), is obtained after combining our sample of galaxies, which we call ''CMASS'', with Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) seven-year cosmic microwave background data and the most recent measurement of the Hubble parameter from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). This constraint is obtained with a conservative multipole range of 30 < l < 200 in order to minimize nonlinearities, and a free bias parameter in each of the four redshift bins. We study the impact of assuming this linear galaxy bias model using mock catalogs and find that this model causes a small ({approx}1{sigma}-1.5{sigma}) bias in {Omega}{sub DM} h {sup 2}. For this reason, we also quote neutrino bounds based on a conservative galaxy bias model containing additional, shot-noise-like free parameters. In this conservative case, the bounds are significantly weakened, e.g., {Sigma}m{sub {nu}} < 0.38 eV (95% CL) for WMAP+HST+CMASS (l{sub max} = 200). We also study the dependence of the neutrino bound on the multipole range (l{sub max} = 150 versus l{sub max} = 200) and on which combination of data sets is included as a prior. The addition of supernova and/or baryon acoustic oscillation data does not significantly improve the neutrino mass bound once the HST prior is included. A companion paper describes the construction of the angular power spectra in detail and derives constraints on a general cosmological model, including the dark energy equation of state w and the spatial curvature {Omega}{sub K}, while a second companion paper presents a measurement of the scale of baryon acoustic oscillations from the same data set. All three works are based on the catalog by Ross et al.

De Putter, Roland [ICC, University of Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona (Spain); Mena, Olga; Giusarma, Elena [Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, University of Valencia-CSIC (Spain); Ho, Shirley; Seo, Hee-Jong; White, Martin; Ross, Nicholas P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Cuesta, Antonio [Yale University, New Haven, CT (United States); Ross, Ashley J.; Percival, Will J. [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Dennis Sciama Building, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Oravetz, Daniel; Pan, Kaike; Shelden, Alaina; Simmons, Audrey [Apache Point Observatory, P.O. Box 59, Sunspot, NM 88349-0059 (United States); Kirkby, David [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Schneider, Donald P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); and others

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Energy dependence of the optical potential of weakly and tightly bound nuclei as projectiles on a medium-mass target  

SciTech Connect

Angular distributions for the elastic scattering of the weakly bound {sup 6,7}Li+{sup 144}Sm systems were measured with high accuracy at bombarding energies from 85% up to 170% of the Coulomb barrier. An optical model analysis was performed, and the relevant parameters of the real and imaginary parts of the optical potential were extracted. The results are compared with those previously published for the tightly bound {sup 12}C+{sup 144}Sm and {sup 16}O+{sup 144}Sm systems. The usual threshold anomaly observed in the behavior of the potential of tightly bound systems was not observed for either weakly bound system. This absence is attributed to the repulsion due to breakup coupling which cancels the attraction arising from couplings with bound channels.

Figueira, J. M.; Arazi, A.; Carnelli, P.; Heimann, D. Martinez; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J. [Laboratorio Tandar, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, B1650KNA San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, C1033AAJ Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Niello, J. O. Fernandez [Laboratorio Tandar, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, B1650KNA San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Tecnicas, C1033AAJ Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Universidad de San Martin, B1650BWA San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Capurro, O. A.; Fimiani, L.; Marti, G. V. [Laboratorio Tandar, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, B1650KNA San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Lubian, J.; Monteiro, D. S.; Gomes, P. R. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Gragoata, Niteroi, R. J., 24210-340 (Brazil)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

The New Face of Protein-bound Copper: The Type Zero Copper Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The New Face of Protein-bound Copper: The The New Face of Protein-bound Copper: The Type Zero Copper Site Nature adapts copper ions to a multitude of tasks, yet in doing so forces the metal into only a few different electronic structures [1]. Mononuclear copper sites observed in native proteins either adopt the type 1 (T1) or type 2 (T2) electronic structure. T1 sites exhibit intense charge-transfer absorption giving rise to their alternate title, blue copper sites, due to highly covalent coordination by a thiol ligand donated by a cysteine sidechain in their host proteins. This interaction has consequences for the spectroscopic features of the protein, but more importantly gives rise to dramatic enhancement of electron transfer activity. T2 sites on the other hand resemble more closely aqueous copper(II) ions, and are found in catalytic domains rather than electron transfer sites.

363

Optimal Constant-Time Approximation Algorithms and (Unconditional) Inapproximability Results for Every Bounded-Degree CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Raghavendra (STOC 2008) gave an elegant and surprising result: if Khot's Unique Games Conjecture (STOC 2002) is true, then for every constraint satisfaction problem (CSP), the best approximation ratio is attained by a certain simple semidefinite programming and a rounding scheme for it. In this paper, we show that a similar result holds for constant-time approximation algorithms in the bounded-degree model. Specifically, we present the followings: (i) For every CSP, we construct an oracle that serves an access, in constant time, to a nearly optimal solution of a basic LP relaxation of the CSP. (ii) Using the oracle, we present a constant-time rounding scheme that achieves an approximation ratio coincident with the integrality gap of the basic LP. (iii) We give a generic conversion from integrality gaps of basic LPs to hardness results. All of those results are ``unconditional.'' Therefore, for every bounded-degree CSP, we give the best constant-time approximation algorithm among all.

Yoshida, Yuichi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

The Complexity of Approximating Bounded-Degree Boolean #CSP (Extended Abstract)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The degree of a CSP instance is the maximum number of times that a variable may appear in the scope of constraints. We consider the approximate counting problem for Boolean CSPs with bounded-degree instances, for constraint languages containing the two unary constant relations {0} and {1}. When the maximum degree is at least 25 we obtain a complete classification of the complexity of this problem. It is exactly solvable in polynomial-time if every relation in the constraint language is affine. It is equivalent to the problem of approximately counting independent sets in bipartite graphs if every relation can be expressed as conjunctions of {0}, {1} and binary implication. Otherwise, there is no FPRAS unless NP=RP. For lower degree bounds, additional cases arise in which the complexity is related to the complexity of approximately counting independent sets in hypergraphs.

Dyer, Martin E; Jalsenius, Markus; Richerby, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Radial sensitivity of kaonic atoms and strongly bound $\\bar K$ states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strength of the low energy K^- nucleus real potential has recently received renewed attention in view of experimental evidence for the possible existence of strongly bound K^- states. Previous fits to kaonic atom data led to either 'shallow' or to 'deep' potentials, where only the former are in agreement with chiral approaches but only the latter can produce strongly bound states. Here we explore the uncertainties of the K^- nucleus optical potentials, obtained from fits to kaonic atom data, using the functional derivatives of the best-fit chi^2 values with respect to the potential. We find that only the deep type of potential provides information which is applicable to the K^- interaction in the nuclear interior.

N. Barnea; E. Friedman

2006-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

366

Radial sensitivity of kaonic atoms and strongly bound $\\bar K$ states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strength of the low energy K^- nucleus real potential has recently received renewed attention in view of experimental evidence for the possible existence of strongly bound K^- states. Previous fits to kaonic atom data led to either 'shallow' or to 'deep' potentials, where only the former are in agreement with chiral approaches but only the latter can produce strongly bound states. Here we explore the uncertainties of the K^- nucleus optical potentials, obtained from fits to kaonic atom data, using the functional derivatives of the best-fit chi^2 values with respect to the potential. We find that only the deep type of potential provides information which is applicable to the K^- interaction in the nuclear interior.

Barnea, N

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Hawaii-bound in search of global climate data | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hawaii-bound in search of global climate data Hawaii-bound in search of global climate data By Brian Grabowski * September 13, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint While the idea of a cruise to Hawaii may sound like paradise, making that same journey 25 times back and forth in a year might start to lose its appeal. But for a climate data-gathering machine called AMF2, perched aboard the ship, every trip is a chance to gather more data that is critical to understanding the Pacific Ocean's role in the global climate. The machine is the Department of Energy's second Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) mobile facility, operated and managed by Argonne scientists. It carries a suite of instruments to measure properties of clouds, the ocean, precipitation, aerosols, and radiation. Over the summer of 2013, the AMF2 traveled back and forth between Hawaii and Los Angeles,

368

Search for the 4He-eta bound state with WASA-at-COSY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We conduct a search for the 4He-eta bound state with WASA-at-COSY facility, via a measurement of the excitation functions for the dd->3Heppi- reaction, where the outgoing p-pi- pairs originate from the conversion of the eta meson on a nucleon inside the He nucleus. Determination of the profile of the excitation curve below the threshold of the dd->4He-eta reaction will allow to establish the binding energy and the width of the He-eta bound state. In June, 2008 first measurements of the excitation functions for the dd->3Heppi- reaction were performed. In the experiment we used a slowly ramped COSY deuteron beam, scanning the range of momenta corresponding to the variation of the excess energy for the 4He-eta system from -51.4 MeV to 22 MeV.

Krzemien, Wojciech

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Bound-Free Electron-Positron Pair Production in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The bound-free electron-positron pair production is considered for relativistic heavy ion collisions. In particular, cross sections are calculated for the pair production with the simultaneous capture of the electron into the 1s ground state of one of the ions and for energies that are relevant for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Colliders (LHC). In the framework of perturbation theory, we applied Monte-Carlo integration techniques to compute the lowest-order Feynman diagrams amplitudes by using Darwin wave functions for the bound states of the elec- trons and Sommerfeld-Maue wave functions for the continuum states of the positrons. Calculations were performed especially for the collision of Au + Au at 100 GeV/nucleon and Pb + Pb at 3400 GeV/nucleon.

M. Y. Sengul; M. C. Guclu; S. Fritzsche

2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

370

Effects of a potential fourth fermion generation on the Higgs boson mass bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying $SU(2)_L\\times U(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen; J. Kallarackal

2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

371

Higgs boson mass bounds in the presence of a very heavy fourth quark generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of a potential fourth quark generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying ${SU}(2)_L\\times {U}(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen; J. Kallarackal

2010-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

372

Effects of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of a potential fourth fermion generation on the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds. This investigation is based on the numerical evaluation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model. In particular, the considered model obeys a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying ${SU}(2)_L\\times {U}(1)_Y$ symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. We present our results on the modification of the upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds induced by the presence of a hypothetical very heavy fourth quark doublet. Finally, we compare these findings to the standard scenario of three fermion generations.

Philipp Gerhold; Karl Jansen; Jim Kallarackal

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

373

Tetraquark bound states in the heavy-light heavy-light system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A calculation of the interaction potential of a heavy-light heavy-light (HLHL) system in lattice QCD is used to study the existence of tetraquark bound states. The interaction potential of the tetraquark system is calculated on the lattice with 2+1 flavours of dynamical fermions with lattice interpolating fields constructed using colorwave propagators. These propagators provide a new method for constructing all-to-all spatially smeared the interpolating fields, a technique which allows for a better overlap with the ground state wavefunction as well as reduced statistical noise. Lattice HLHL potentials are extracted for 24 distinct channels, and are fit with a phenomenological non-relativistic quark model potential, from which a determination of the existence of bound states is made via numerical solution of the two body radial Schroedinger equation.

Konstantinos Orginos, Zachary Brown

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Bounds on self-interacting fermion dark matter from observations of old neutron stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of old neutron stars deeply constrains self-interacting fermion dark matter, which can form star-killing black holes. We quantify this constraint on dark matter-nucleon scattering, considering collapse scenarios that broaden bounds over intermediate masses. We then find the self- and co-annihilation rates necessary to lift these dark matter-nucleon scattering bounds. For Yukawa-coupled dark matter that fits dwarf galaxy halo profiles with a coupling $\\alpha = 10^{-1}-10^{-4}$, a scalar mediator mass $m_\\phi = 1-500$ MeV, and DM mass $m_X = 0.1-10^7$ GeV, we show that fermion dark matter is unconstrained if it self-annihilates at a rate greater than $10^{-40} ~ \\rm{cm^3/s}$ or co-annihilates with baryons at a rate greater than $10^{-50} ~ \\rm{cm^3/s}$.

Joseph Bramante; Keita Fukushima; Jason Kumar; Elan Stopnitzky

2013-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

375

An Algorithmic Argument for Nonadaptive Query Complexity Lower Bounds on Advised Quantum Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper employs a powerful argument, called an algorithmic argument, to prove lower bounds of the quantum query complexity of a multiple-block ordered search problem in which, given a block number i, we are to find a location of a target keyword in an ordered list of the i-th block. Apart from much studied polynomial and adversary methods for quantum query complexity lower bounds, our argument shows that the multiple-block ordered search needs a large number of nonadaptive oracle queries on a black-box model of quantum computation that is also supplemented with advice. Our argument is also applied to the notions of computational complexity theory: quantum truth-table reducibility and quantum truth-table autoreducibility.

Harumichi Nishimura; Tomoyuki Yamakami

2003-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

376

Bounding Values for Low-Level-Waste Transport Exemptions and Disposal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characterizations and bounding computational results determined by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been offered to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission as supporting technical bases for regulatory considerations in the packaging, transport, retrievable emplacement and disposal of radioactive low-level waste contaminated with fissile materials. The fissile materials included 100 wt % U, 10 wt % U in uranium, 100 wt % U, 100 wt % Pu, or plutonium as less than 235 235 233 239 76 wt % Pu, more than 12 wt % Pu, and less than 12 wt % Pu. The considered waste matrixes 239 240 241 included silicon dioxide, carbon, light water and polyethylene, heavy water, or beryllium with summary examinations of other potential matrixes. The limiting concentrations and geometries for these bounding conjectured low-level-waste matrixes are presented in this paper.

Elam, K.R.; Hopper, C.M.; Lichtenwalter, J.J.; Parks, C.V.

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

377

Lower bounds for the half-plane capacity of compact sets and symmetrization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given a bounded relatively closed subset E of the upper half-plane H={l_brace}z:Imz>0{r_brace}, a new representation of the half-plane capacity of E is obtained in terms of the inner radius of the connected component of the set H/E which goes off to infinity. For this capacity, new lower bounds in terms of the capacities of sets obtained by application of a series of geometric transformations of the set E, including the Steiner and circular symmetrizations, are established, and its behaviour under linear and radial averaging transformations of families of compact sets {l_brace}E{sub k{r_brace}k=1}{sup n} is examined. Bibliography: 10 titles.

Dubinin, Vladimir N [Institute of Applied Mathematics, Far-Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok (Russian Federation)

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

378

Bound-state field theory approach to proton structure effects in muonic hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A bound-state field theory approach to muonic hydrogen is set up using a variant of the Furry representation in which the lowest-order Hamiltonian describes a muon in the presence of a point Coulomb field, but the origin of the binding field is taken to be three charged quarks in the proton which are modeled as Dirac particles that move freely within a spherical well. Bound-state field theory techniques are used to evaluate one- and two-photon effects. Particular attention is paid to two-photon exchange diagrams, which include the effect of proton polarizability. In addition the modification of the electromagnetic self energy of the proton by the electric field of the muon is examined. Finally, the model is used to carry out a calculation of the static electric polarizability of the proton.

Peter J. Mohr; J. Griffith; J. Sapirstein

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

379

Bound States for Magic State Distillation in Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magic state distillation is an important primitive in fault-tolerant quantum computation. The magic states are pure non-stabilizer states which can be distilled from certain mixed non-stabilizer states via Clifford group operations alone. Because of the Gottesman-Knill theorem, mixtures of Pauli eigenstates are not expected to be magic state distillable, but it has been an open question whether all mixed states outside this set may be distilled. In this Letter we show that, when resources are finitely limited, non-distillable states exist outside the stabilizer octahedron. In analogy with the bound entangled states, which arise in entanglement theory, we call such states bound states for magic state distillation.

Earl T. Campbell; Dan E. Browne

2009-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

380

The dynamic electric polarizability of a particle bound by a double delta potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we derive an expression for the dynamic electric polarizability of a particle bound by a double delta potential for frequencies below and above the absolute value of the particle's ground state energy. The derived expression will be used to study some of the fundamental features of the system and its representation of real systems. In addition we derive a general expression of the dynamic electric polarizability for a potential of multi-delta functions.

M. A. Maize; J. J. Smetanka

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Single-Coupling Bounds on R-parity violating Supersymmetry, an update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We update the single-coupling bounds on R-parity violating supersymmetry using the most up to date data as of October 2009. In addition to the data listed in the 2009 Review of Particle Properties, we utilize a new determination of the weak charge of cesium-133, and preliminary tau-decay branching fractions from Babar. Analysis of semileptonic D-decay is improved by the inclusion of experimentally measured form-factors into the calculation of the Standard Model predictions.

Yee Kao; Tatsu Takeuchi

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

382

Computation of Lie Transformations from a Power Series: Bounds and Optimum Truncation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem considered is the computation of an infinite product (composition) of Lie transformations generated by homogeneous polynomials of increasing order from a given convergent power series. Bounds are computed for the infinitesimal form of Lie transformations. The results obtained do not guarantee convergence of the product. Instead, the optimum truncation is determined by minimizing the terms of order n+1 that remain after the first n Lie transformations have been applied.

Ivan Gjaja

1994-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

383

Bounds for scaling exponents for a 1+1 dimensional directed polymer in a Brownian environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the scaling exponents of a 1+1-dimensional directed polymer in a Brownian random environment introduced by O'Connell and Yor. For a version of the model with boundary conditions that are stationary in a space-time sense we identify the exact values of the exponents. For the version without the boundary conditions we get the conjectured upper bounds on the exponents.

Timo Seppäläinen; Benedek Valkó

2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

384

Bounded-distance multi-clusterhead formation in wireless ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a clustering technique addressing redundancy for bounded-distance clusters, which means being able to determine the minimum number of cluster-heads per node, and the maximum distance from nodes to their cluster-heads. This problem is similar ... Keywords: (k,r)-dominating sets, Ad hoc networks, Clustering, Distance domination, Domination in graphs, Multi-core multicast protocols, Multicast protocols, Multiple domination

Marco Aurélio Spohn; J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Amplitudes of radiative corrections in fermion bags bound by Higgs boson exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Properties of amplitudes that describe radiative corrections in a bag of heavy fermions bound by the Higgs boson exchange are studied. Classes of amplitudes, in which the large fermion mass is canceled out and hence produces no enhancement for the radiative corrections are found. For fermions with masses in the region 4001000 Gev, the processes described by diagrams with closed fermion loops are also mass-independent.

M. Yu. Kuchiev

2010-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

386

Security bound of continuous-variable quantum key distribution with noisy coherent states and channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security of a continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol based on noisy coherent states and channel is analyzed. Assuming the noise of coherent states is induced by Fred, a neutral party relative to others, we prove that the prepare and measurement scheme and entanglement-based scheme are equivalent. Then, we show that this protocol is secure against Gaussian collective attacks even if the channel is lossy and noisy, and further, a lower bound to the secure key rate is derived.

Yong Shen; Jian Yang; Hong Guo

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

387

Ricci dynamo stretch-shear plasma flows and magnetic energy bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometrical tools, used in Einstein's general relativity (GR), are applied to dynamo theory, in order to obtain fast dynamo action bounds to magnetic energy, from Killing symmetries in Ricci flows. Magnetic field is shown to be the shear flow tensor eigendirection, in the case of marginal dynamos. Killing symmetries of the Riemann metric, bounded by Einstein space, allows us to reduce the computations. Techniques used are similar to those strain decomposition of the flow in Sobolev space, recently used by Nu\\~nez [JMP \\textbf{43} (2002)] to place bounds in the magnetic energy in the case of hydromagnetic dynamos with plasma resistivity. Contrary to Nu\\~nez case, we assume that the dynamos are kinematic, and the velocity flow gradient is decomposed into expansion, shear and twist. The effective twist vanishes by considering that the frame vorticity coincides with Ricci rotation coefficients. Eigenvalues are here Lyapunov exponents. In analogy to GR, where curvature plays the role of gravity, here Ricci curvature seems to play the role of diffusion.

Garcia de Andrade

2009-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

388

Bounds in proton-proton elastic scattering at low momentum transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a bound on the imaginary part of the single helicity-flip amplitude for spin 1/2-spin 1/2 scattering at small momentum transfer. The variational method of Lagrange multipliers is employed to optimize the single-flip amplitude using the values of the total cross section, the elastic cross section and diffraction slope as equality constraints in addition to the inequality constraints resulting from unitarity. Such bounds provide important information related to the determination of polarization of a proton beam. In the case of elastic proton collisions the analyzing power at small scattering angles inside the Coulomb Nuclear Interference region offers a method of measuring the polarization of a proton beam, the accuracy of the polarization measurement depending on the single helicity-flip amplitude. The bound obtained on the imaginary part of the single helicity-flip amplitude indicates that the analyzing power for proton-proton collisions in the Coulomb nuclear interference region should take positive nonzero values at high energies.

A. T. Bates; N. H. Buttimore

2000-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

389

Bounded generation of SL(n,A) (after D. Carter, G. Keller and E. Paige).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present unpublished work of D.Carter, G.Keller, and E.Paige on bounded generation in special linear groups. Let n be a positive integer, and let A = O be the ring of integers of an algebraic number field K (or, more generally, let A be a localization O_S.) If n = 2, assume that A has infinitely many units. We show there is a finite-index subgroup H of SL(n,A), such that every matrix in H is a product of a bounded number of elementary matrices. We also show that if T is in SL(n,A), and T is not a scalar matrix, then there is a finite-index, normal subgroup N of SL(n,A), such that every element of N is a product of a bounded number of conjugates of T. For n > 2, these results remain valid when SL(n,A) is replaced by any of its subgroups of finite index.

Dave Witte Morris.

390

Weakness of accelerator bounds on electron superluminality without a preferred frame  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reference laboratory bounds on superluminality of the electron are obtained from the absence of in-vacuo Cherenkov processes and the determinations of synchrotron radiated power for LEP electrons. It is usually assumed that these analyses establish the validity of a standard special-relativistic description of the electron with accuracy of at least a few parts in $10^{14}$, and in particular this is used to exclude electron superluminality with such an accuracy. We observe that these bounds rely crucially on the availability of a preferred frame. In-vacuo-Cherenkov processes are automatically forbidden in any theory with "deformed Lorentz symmetry", relativistic theories that, while different from Special Relativity, preserve the relativity of inertial frames. Determinations of the synchrotron radiated power can be used to constrain the possibility of Lorentz-symmetry deformation, but provide rather weak bounds, which in particular for electron superluminality we establish to afford us no more constraining power than for an accuracy of a few parts in $10^4$. We argue that this observation can have only a limited role in the ongoing effort of analysis of the anomaly tentatively reported by the OPERA collaboration, but we stress that it could provide a valuable case study for assessing the limitations of "indirect" tests of fundamental laws of physics.

Giovanni Amelino-Camelia; Giulia Gubitosi; Niccoló Loret; Flavio Mercati; Giacomo Rosati

2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

391

LANL 70TH ANNIVERSARY MATH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides high quality STEM professional development for teachers in participating schools and districts. It is an intensive three-year program, designed to support whole-...

392

LANL 70TH ANNIVERSARY MATH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides high-quality STEM professional development for teachers in participating schools and districts. It is an intensive three-year program, designed to support...

393

LANL 70TH ANNIVERSARY MATH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provides high quality STEM professional development for teachers in participating schools and districts. It is an intensive three-year program, designed to support...

394

"JUST THE MATHS" UNIT NUMBER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inequalities x 0, y 0, 3x + 2y 6 and x + y 4. 4. A mine manager has contracts to supply, weekly, 100 tons of grade 1 coal, 700 tons of grade 2 coal, 2000 tons of grade 3 coal, 4500 tons of grade 4 coal. Two seams

Davies, Christopher

395

Information Science, Computing, Applied Math  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

threat-reduction activities, such as Intelligence analysis Cybersecurity Nuclear non-proliferation Contact Us Associate Director John Sarrao Theory, Simulation and Computation...

396

Z angew Math Phys 47  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 7, 1995 ... 0044-2275/96/030410 22 $ 1.50 + 0.20. (ZAMP). 9 1996 Birkh/iuser Verlag, Basel. A model for variable thickness superconducting thin films.

397

NIST Standard Reference Databases: Math  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures, Online Digital Library of Mathematical Functions Engineering Statistics Handbook, Online Guide to ...

2012-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

398

Promising Futures: Workforce Development and Upward Mobility in Information Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

work do you perform offshore? (e.g. , routine vs. creative)to have extra managers for offshore work? 11. What are thethe US, in the Bay Area, offshore? 16. What types of IT work

Chapple, Karen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Upward Momentum Transfer in the Marine Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the study of momentum flux between ocean and atmosphere in light winds and is based on the data collected during several field campaigns, the Atlantic Stratocumulus Transition Experiment, the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere ...

A. A. Grachev; C. W. Fairall

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Promising Futures: Workforce Development and Upward Mobility in Information Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protocol for Initial Training Program Graduate Interviews A.since you graduated from your computer training program?Protocol for Follow-up Training Program Graduate Interviews

Chapple, Karen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Promising Futures: Workforce Development and Upward Mobility in Information Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a. New job working with information technology b. Anyworking in information technology firm c. Any kind of newworking with information technology f. Self-employment in

Chapple, Karen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Shedding Some Light on RFID Distance Bounding Protocols and Terrorist Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last years, researchers have focused on designing secure and efficient RFID authentication protocols. The vast majority of these protocols assume proximity between readers and tags due to the limited range of the radio channel. However, in real scenarios, an intruder can be located between the prover (tag) and the verifier (reader) and trick the latter into thinking that the prover is in close proximity. This attack is globally known as a relay attack, a kind that includes others such as distance fraud, mafia fraud and terrorist attacks. Distance bounding protocols represent a promising countermeasure to hinder relay attacks. Several protocols have been proposed in the last years, but vulnerabilities of major or minor relevance have been identified in all of them. In 2008, Kim et al. [10] proposed a new distance bounding protocol with the objective of being the best one in terms of security, privacy, tag computational overhead and fault tolerance- as claimed by their authors. The study of this recent protocol is the main subject of this paper. We present a passive full disclosure attack which allows an adversary-listening the public messages exchanged on the channel- to discover the long-term secret key of the tag. The presented attack is very relevant as it implies that none of the protocol security objectives are guaranteed. Additionally, we also show that the probability of a successful mafia fraud attack against the Reid et al. protocol [16] is bounded by (3/4) n and not by (7/8) n as Piramuthu states in [15].

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Jaynes' Maximum Entropy Principle, Riemannian Metrics and Generalised Least Action Bound  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The set of solutions inferred by the generic maximum entropy (MaxEnt) or maximum relative entropy (MaxREnt) principles of Jaynes - considered as a function of the moment constraints or their conjugate Lagrangian multipliers - is endowed with a Riemannian geometric description, based on the second differential tensor of the entropy or its Legendre transform (negative Massieu function). The analysis provides a generalised {\\it least action bound} applicable to all Jaynesian systems, which provides a lower bound to the cost (in generic entropy units) of a transition between inferred positions along a specified path, at specified rates of change of the control parameters. The analysis therefore extends the concepts of "finite time thermodynamics" to the generic Jaynes domain, providing a link between purely static (stationary) inferred positions of a system, and dynamic transitions between these positions (as a function of time or some other coordinate). If the path is unspecified, the analysis gives an absolute lower bound for the cost of the transition, corresponding to the geodesic of the Riemannian hypersurface. The analysis is applied to (i) an equilibrium thermodynamic system subject to mean internal energy and volume constraints, and (ii) a flow system at steady state, subject to constraints on the mean heat, mass and momentum fluxes and chemical reaction rates. The first example recovers the {\\it minimum entropy cost} of a transition between equilibrium positions, a widely used result of finite-time thermodynamics. The second example leads to a new {\\it minimum entropy production principle}, for the cost of a transition between steady state positions of a flow system.

Robert K. Niven; Bjarne Andresen

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

404

A class of 2^N x 2^N bound entangled states revealed by non-decomposable maps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use some general results regarding positive maps to exhibit examples of non-decomposable maps and 2^N x 2^N, N >= 2, bound entangled states, e.g. non distillable bipartite states of N + N qubits.

Marco Piani

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Nuclear-size self-energy and vacuum-polarization corrections to the bound-electron g factor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The finite nuclear-size effect on the leading bound-electron g factor and the one-loop QED corrections to the bound-electron g factor is investigated for the ground state of hydrogen-like ions. The calculation is performed to all orders in the nuclear binding strength parameter Z\\alpha\\ (where Z is the nuclear charge and \\alpha\\ is the fine structure constant) and for the Fermi model of the nuclear charge distribution. In the result, theoretical predictions for the isotope shift of the 1s bound-electron g factor are obtained, which can be used for the determination of the difference of nuclear charge radii from experimental values of the bound-electron g factors for different isotopes.

Yerokhin, V A; Harman, Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Bounds and self-consistent estimates for elastic constants of polycrystals of hcp solid He{sup 4}  

SciTech Connect

Recent advances in methods for computing both Hashin-Shtrikman bounds and related selfconsistent (or CPA) estimates of elastic constants for polycrystals composed of randomly oriented crystals can be applied successfully to hexagonal close packed solid He{sup 4}. In particular, since the shear modulus C{sub 44} of hexagonal close-packed solid He is known to undergo large temperature variations when 20 mK {<=}#20; T {<=}#20; 200 mK, bounds and estimates computed with this class of effective medium methods, while using C{sub 44} {r_arrow} 0 as a proxy for melting, are found to be both qualitatively and quantitatively very similar to prior results obtained using Monte Carlo methods. Hashin- Shtrikman bounds provide significantly tighter constraints on the polycrystal behavior than do the traditional Voigt and Reuss bounds.

Berryman, J. G.

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Sustainability of multi-field inflation and bound on string scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of the interaction terms between the inflaton fields on the inflationary dynamics in multi-field models. With power law type potential and interactions, the total number of e-folds may get considerably reduced and can lead to unacceptably short period of inflation. Also we point out that this can place a bound on the characteristic scale of the underlying theory such as string theory. Using a simple multi-field chaotic inflation model from string theory, the string scale is constrained to be larger than the scale of grand unified theory.

Jinn-Ouk Gong

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Advanced Cutset Upper Bound Estimator(TM) (ACUBE), Version 1.0, Test Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Cutset Upper Bound Estimator (ACUBE) (EPRI product 1022992) is used to calculate the probability or frequency of a Boolean function that is expressed by minimal cut sets. Minimal cutsets are typically developed from a fault tree model, and they can be manipulated by a number of tools such as the EPRI CAFTA software. This report documents the testing of ACUBE, Version 1.0. The objective of the testing is to verify the correctness of the internal calculations and the associated reporting of th...

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

409

Gluino bounds: Simplified Models vs a Particular SO(10) Model (A Snowmass white paper)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the results from the first run of LHC studied in the context of simplified models and re-interpret them for a particular SO(10) model with a non-simplified topology. Hadronic searches have been designed to obtain the best sensitivity for the simplified models. They require multiple b-jets in the final state. But we show that the bounds obtained from these searches are weaker in the case of the particular model studied here, since there are fewer b-jets.

Archana Anandakrishnan; B. Charles Bryant; Stuart Raby; Akin Wingerter

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

410

The Weakest Failure Detector for Solving Wait-Free, Eventually Bounded-Fair Dining Philosophers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation explores the necessary and sufficient conditions to solve a variant of the dining philosophers problem. This dining variant is defined by three properties: wait-freedom, eventual weak exclusion, and eventual bounded fairness. Wait-freedom guarantees that every correct hungry process eventually enters its critical section, regardless of process crashes. Eventual weak exclusion guarantees that every execution has an infinite suffix during which no two live neighbors execute overlapping critical sections. Eventual bounded fairness guarantees that there exists a fairness bound k such that every execution has an infinite suffix during which no correct hungry process is overtaken more than k times by any neighbor. This dining variant (WF-EBF dining for short) is important for synchronization tasks where eventual safety (i.e., eventual weak exclusion) is sufficient for correctness (e.g., duty-cycle scheduling, self-stabilizing daemons, and contention managers). Unfortunately, it is known that wait-free dining is unsolvable in asynchronous message-passing systems subject to crash faults. To circumvent this impossibility result, it is necessary to assume the existence of bounds on timing properties, such as relative process speeds and message delivery time. As such, it is of interest to characterize the necessary and sufficient timing assumptions to solve WF-EBF dining. We focus on implicit timing assumptions, which can be encapsulated by failure detectors. Failure detectors can be viewed as distributed oracles that can be queried for potentially unreliable information about crash faults. The weakest detector D for WF-EBF dining means that D is both necessary and sufficient. Necessity means that every failure detector that solves WF-EBF dining is at least as strong as D. Sufficiency means that there exists at least one algorithm that solves WF-EBF dining using D. As such, our research goal is to characterize the weakest failure detector to solve WF-EBF dining. We prove that the eventually perfect failure detector 3P is the weakest failure detector for solving WF-EBF dining. 3P eventually suspects crashed processes permanently, but may make mistakes by wrongfully suspecting correct processes finitely many times during any execution. As such, 3P eventually stops suspecting correct processes.

Song, Yantao

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Drift mode in a bounded plasma having two-ion species  

SciTech Connect

The drift wave is investigated in a two-ion species plasma in several different cases. The global drift mode is studied in a plasma bounded in a cylinder having Gaussian density profile corresponding to different poloidal wavenumbers. The frequency of the mode becomes a little larger when it is investigated without including the ion cyclotron wave dynamics. The effect of magnetic shear on the wave propagation along the density gradient is studied in a Cartesian geometry assuming absorbing boundary. It is found that the wave amplitude is reduced when two-ion species are present (with the same concentration) compared to pure electron-ion plasma.

Ahmad, Ali; Sajid, M.; Saleem, H. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad, Pakistan and Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan); Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad (Pakistan); Theoretical Plasma Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), Islamabad, Pakistan and Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad (Pakistan)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

412

Optimal consumption and investment with bounded downside risk for power utility functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate optimal consumption and investment problems for a Black-Scholes market under uniform restrictions on Value-at-Risk and Expected Shortfall. We formulate various utility maximization problems, which can be solved explicitly. We compare the optimal solutions in form of optimal value, optimal control and optimal wealth to analogous problems under additional uniform risk bounds. Our proofs are partly based on solutions to Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman equations, and we prove a corresponding verification theorem. This work was supported by the European Science Foundation through the AMaMeF programme.

Kluppelberg, Claudia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Bounds on the generalization ability of Bayesian Inference and Gibbs algorithms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent theoretical works applying the methods of statistical learning theory have put into relief the interest of old well known learning paradigms such as Bayesian inference and Gibbs algorithms. Sample complexity bounds have been given for such paradigms in the zero error case. This paper studies the behavior of these algorithms without this assumption. Results include uniform convergence of Gibbs algorithm towards Bayesian inference, rate of convergence of the empirical loss towards the generalization loss, convergence of the generalization error towards the optimal loss in the underlying class of functions.

Olivier Teytaud; Hélène Paugam-Moisy; Proceedings Of Icann; Olivier Teytaud

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Quantum localization and bound state formation in Bose-Einstein condensates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the possibility of exponential quantum localization in systems of ultracold bosonic atoms with repulsive interactions in open optical lattices without disorder. We show that exponential localization occurs in the maximally excited state of the lowest energy band. We establish the conditions under which the presence of the upper energy bands can be neglected, determine the successive stages and the quantum phase boundaries at which localization occurs, and discuss schemes to detect it experimentally by visibility measurements. The discussed mechanism is a particular type of quantum localization that is intuitively understood in terms of the interplay between nonlinearity and a bounded energy spectrum.

Roberto Franzosi; Salvatore M. Giampaolo; Fabrizio Illuminati

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

415

Quantum localization and bound-state formation in Bose-Einstein condensates  

SciTech Connect

We discuss the possibility of exponential quantum localization in systems of ultracold bosonic atoms with repulsive interactions in open optical lattices without disorder. We show that exponential localization occurs in the maximally excited state of the lowest energy band. We establish the conditions under which the presence of the upper energy bands can be neglected, determine the successive stages and the quantum phase boundaries at which localization occurs, and discuss schemes to detect it experimentally by visibility measurements. The discussed mechanism is a particular type of quantum localization that is intuitively understood in terms of the interplay between nonlinearity and a bounded energy spectrum.

Franzosi, Roberto; Giampaolo, Salvatore M.; Illuminati, Fabrizio [Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica, Universita degli Studi di Salerno, Via Ponte don Melillo, I-84084 Fisciano (Italy) and CNISM Unita di Salerno, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, I-84084 Fisciano (Italy)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Encapsulation and Characterization of Proton-Bound Amine Homodimers in a Water Soluble, Self-Assembled Supramolecular Host  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cyclic amines can be encapsulated in a water-soluble self-assembled supramolecular host upon protonation. The hydrogen bonding ability of the cyclic amines, as well as the reduced degrees of rotational freedom, allows for the formation of proton-bound homodimers inside of the assembly which are otherwise not observable in aqueous solution. The generality of homodimer formation was explored with small N-alkyl aziridines, azetidines, pyrrolidines and piperidines. Proton-bound homodimer formation is observed for N-alkylaziridines (R = methyl, isopropyl, tert-butyl), N-alkylazetidines (R = isopropyl, tertbutyl), and N-methylpyrrolidine. At high concentration, formation of a proton-bound homotrimer is observed in the case of N-methylaziridine. The homodimers stay intact inside the assembly over a large concentration range, thereby suggesting cooperative encapsulation. Both G3(MP2)B3 and G3B3 calculations of the proton-bound homodimers were used to investigate the enthalpy of the hydrogen bond in the proton-bound homodimers and suggest that the enthalpic gain upon formation of the proton-bound homodimers may drive guest encapsulation.

Pluth, Michael; Fiedler, Dorothea; Mugridge, Jeffrey; Bergman, Robert; Raymond, Kenneth

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Bounds and self-consistent estimates for elastic constants of granular polycrystals composed of orthorhombics or crystal with higher symmetries  

SciTech Connect

Methods for computing Hashin-Shtrikman bounds and related self-consistent estimates of elastic constants for polycrystals composed of crystals having orthorhombic symmetry have been known for about three decades. However, these methods are underutilized, perhaps because of some perceived difficulties with implementing the necessary computational procedures. Several simplifications of these techniques are introduced, thereby reducing the overall computational burden, as well as the complications inherent in mapping out the Hashin-Shtrikman bounding curves. The self-consistent estimates of the effective elastic constants are very robust, involving a quickly converging iteration procedure. Once these self-consistent values are known, they may then be used to speed up the computations of the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds themselves. It is shown furthermore that the resulting orthorhombic polycrystal code can be used as well to compute both bounds and self-consistent estimates for polycrystals of higher-symmetry tetragonal, hexagonal, and cubic (but not trigonal) materials. The self-consistent results found this way are shown to be the same as those obtained using the earlier methods, specifically those methods designed specially for each individual symmetry type. But the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds found using the orthorhombic code are either the same or (more typically) tighter than those found previously for these special cases (i.e., tetragonal, hexagonal, and cubic). The improvement in the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds is presumably due to the additional degrees of freedom introduced into the available search space.

Berryman, J. G.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Structure of the Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Bound to an Antibody from a Human  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the Ebola Virus Structure of the Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Bound to an Antibody from a Human Survivor Structure of the Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Bound to an Antibody from a Human Survivor Print Wednesday, 26 November 2008 00:00 Ebolavirus, one of two members of the family of filoviruses, causes a severe hemorrhagic fever with 50-90% human mortality. That no vaccines or treatments are yet available combined with the frequent re-emergence of the virus, its high prevalence among wildlife, and ease of importation of the virus make it a significant public health concern. A team of researchers from the Scripps Research Institute, using diffraction data collected at ALS Beamline 5.0.2, has recently determined the crystal structure of an oligomeric glycoprotein from the viral surface in complex with a rare antibody derived from a human survivor. This work explains how the glycoprotein, termed GP, mediates recognition of the host cell, drives fusion of the viral and host membranes (necessary for viral entry into the host), and masks itself from immune surveillance. The structure also explains why antibodies that neutralize the virus are so rare, identifies the very few sites to which a neutralizing antibody might bind, and thus, provides templates for vaccines and antibodies against the virus.

419

Shedding Some Light on RFID Distance Bounding Protocols and Terrorist Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last years, researchers have focused on designing secure and efficient RFID authentication protocols. The vast majority of these protocols assume proximity between readers and tags due to the limited range of the radio channel. However, in real scenarios, an intruder can be located between the prover (tag) and the verifier (reader) and trick the latter into thinking that the prover is in close proximity. This attack is globally known as a relay attack, a kind that includes others such as distance fraud, mafia fraud and terrorist attacks. Distance bounding protocols represent a promising countermeasure to hinder relay attacks. Several protocols have been proposed in the last years, but vulnerabilities of major or minor relevance have been identified in all of them. In 2008, Kim et al. [10] proposed a new distance bounding protocol with the objective of being the best one in terms of security, privacy, tag computational overhead and fault tolerance - as claimed by their authors. The study of this rec...

Peris-Lopez, Pedro; Tapiador, J M E; van der Lubbe, Jan C A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Shedding Light on RFID Distance Bounding Protocols and Terrorist Fraud Attacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The vast majority of RFID authentication protocols assume the proximity between readers and tags due to the limited range of the radio channel. However, in real scenarios an intruder can be located between the prover (tag) and the verifier (reader) and trick this last one into thinking that the prover is in close proximity. This attack is generally known as a relay attack in which scope distance fraud, mafia fraud and terrorist attacks are included. Distance bounding protocols represent a promising countermeasure to hinder relay attacks. Several protocols have been proposed during the last years but vulnerabilities of major or minor relevance have been identified in most of them. In 2008, Kim et al. [18] proposed a new distance bounding protocol with the objective of being the best in terms of security, privacy, tag computational overhead and fault tolerance. In this paper, we analyze this protocol and we present a passive full disclosure attack, which allows an adversary to discover the long-term secret key of the tag. The presented attack is very relevant, since no security objectives are met in Kim et al.’s protocol. Then, design guidelines are introduced with the aim of facilitating protocol designers the stimulating task of designing secure and efficient schemes against relay attacks. Finally a new protocol, named Hitomi and inspired by [18], is designed conforming the guidelines proposed previously.

Pedro Peris-lopez; Julio C. Hern; Aikaterini Mitrokotsa; Juan M. E. Tapiador

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Structure of the Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Bound to an Antibody from a Human  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Bound to an Antibody from a Human Survivor Print Structure of the Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Bound to an Antibody from a Human Survivor Print Ebolavirus, one of two members of the family of filoviruses, causes a severe hemorrhagic fever with 50-90% human mortality. That no vaccines or treatments are yet available combined with the frequent re-emergence of the virus, its high prevalence among wildlife, and ease of importation of the virus make it a significant public health concern. A team of researchers from the Scripps Research Institute, using diffraction data collected at ALS Beamline 5.0.2, has recently determined the crystal structure of an oligomeric glycoprotein from the viral surface in complex with a rare antibody derived from a human survivor. This work explains how the glycoprotein, termed GP, mediates recognition of the host cell, drives fusion of the viral and host membranes (necessary for viral entry into the host), and masks itself from immune surveillance. The structure also explains why antibodies that neutralize the virus are so rare, identifies the very few sites to which a neutralizing antibody might bind, and thus, provides templates for vaccines and antibodies against the virus.

422

X-ray Thomson scattering for partially ionized plasmas including the effect of bound levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

X-ray Thomson scattering is being developed as a method to measure the temperature, electron density, and ionization state of high energy density plasmas such as those used in inertial confinement fusion. Most experiments are currently done at large laser facilities that can create bright X-ray sources, however the advent of the X-ray free electron laser (X-FEL) provides a new bright source to use in these experiments. One challenge with X-ray Thomson scattering experiments is understanding how to model the scattering for partially ionized plasmas in order to include the contributions of the bound electrons in the scattered intensity. In this work we take the existing models of Thomson scattering that include elastic ion-ion scattering and the electron-electron plasmon scattering and add the contribution of the bound electrons in the partially ionized plasmas. We validated our model by analyzing existing beryllium experimental data. We then consider several higher Z materials such as Cr and predict the existe...

Nilsen, J; Cheng, K T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Information-Theoretic Bounds for Multiround Function Computation in Collocated Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the limits of communication efficiency for function computation in collocated networks within the framework of multi-terminal block source coding theory. With the goal of computing a desired function of sources at a sink, nodes interact with each other through a sequence of error-free, network-wide broadcasts of finite-rate messages. For any function of independent sources, we derive a computable characterization of the set of all feasible message coding rates - the rate region - in terms of single-letter information measures. We show that when computing symmetric functions of binary sources, the sink will inevitably learn certain additional information which is not demanded in computing the function. This conceptual understanding leads to new improved bounds for the minimum sum-rate. The new bounds are shown to be orderwise better than those based on cut-sets as the network scales. The scaling law of the minimum sum-rate is explored for different classes of symmetric functions and source parameters.

Ma, Nan; Gupta, Piyush

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

BPS-like bound and thermodynamics of the charged BTZ black hole  

SciTech Connect

The charged Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole is plagued by several pathologies: (a) Divergent boundary terms are present in the action; hence, we have a divergent black-hole mass. (b) Once a finite, renormalized, mass M is defined, black-hole states exist for arbitrarily negative values of M. (c) There is no upper bound on the charge Q. We show that these pathological features are an artifact of the renormalization procedure. They can be completely removed by using an alternative renormalization scheme leading to a different definition M{sub 0} of the black-hole mass, which is the total energy inside the horizon. The new mass satisfies a BPS-like bound M{sub 0}{>=}({pi}/2)Q{sup 2}, and the heat capacity of the hole is positive. We also discuss the black-hole thermodynamics that arises when M{sub 0} is interpreted as the internal energy of the system. We show, using three independent approaches (black-hole thermodynamics, Einstein equations, and Euclidean action formulation), that M{sub 0} satisfies the first law if a term describing the mechanical work done by the electrostatic pressure is introduced.

Cadoni, Mariano; Monni, Cristina [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Cagliari and INFN, Sezione di Cagliari, Cittadella Universitaria, 09042 Monserrato (Italy)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

A New Upper Bound on the Capacity of a Class of Primitive Relay Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We obtain a new upper bound on the capacity of a class of discrete memoryless relay channels. For this class of relay channels, the relay observes an i.i.d. sequence $T$, which is independent of the channel input $X$. The channel is described by a set of probability transition functions $p(y|x,t)$ for all $(x,t,y)\\in \\mathcal{X}\\times \\mathcal{T}\\times \\mathcal{Y}$. Furthermore, a noiseless link of finite capacity $R_{0}$ exists from the relay to the receiver. Although the capacity for these channels is not known in general, the capacity of a subclass of these channels, namely when $T=g(X,Y)$, for some deterministic function $g$, was obtained in [1] and it was shown to be equal to the cut-set bound. Another instance where the capacity was obtained was in [2], where the channel output $Y$ can be written as $Y=X\\oplus Z$, where $\\oplus$ denotes modulo-$m$ addition, $Z$ is independent of $X$, $|\\mathcal{X}|=|\\mathcal{Y}|=m$, and $T$ is some stochastic function of $Z$. The compress-and-forward (CAF) achievability...

Tandon, Ravi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

All the nonadiabatic (J=0) bound states of NO{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

We calculated all 3170 A{sub 1} and B{sub 2} (J=0) vibronic bound states of the coupled electronic ground ({tilde X}&hthinsp;{sup 2}A{sub 1}) and the first excited ({tilde A}&hthinsp;{sup 2}B{sub 2}) surfaces of NO{sub 2}, using a modification of the {ital ab initio} potentials of Leonardi {ital et al.} [J. Chem. Phys. {bold 105}, 9051 (1996)]. The calculation was performed by harmonic inversion of the Chebyshev correlation function generated from a DVR Hamiltonian in Radau coordinates. The rms error of the eigenenergies is about 2.5 cm{sup {minus}1}, corresponding to a relative error of 10{sup {minus}4} near the dissociation energy. The results are compared with the adiabatic and diabatic levels calculated from the same surfaces, with experimental data, and with some approximations for the number of states function N(E). The experimental levels are reproduced fairly well up to an energy of 12&hthinsp;000 cm{sup {minus}1} above the potential minimum while the total number of bound levels agrees to within 2{percent} with that calculated from the phase space volume. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Salzgeber, R.F. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Freiburg, Hermann-Herder Strasse 3, D-70104 Freiburg (Germany); Mandelshtam, V.A. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States); Schlier, C. [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Freiburg, Hermann-Herder Strasse 3, D-70104 Freiburg (Germany); Taylor, H.S. [Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States)

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Finite, Intense Accretion Bursts from Tidal Disruption of Stars on Bound Orbits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study accretion processes for tidally disrupted stars approaching supermassive black holes on bound orbits, by performing three dimensional Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics simulations with a pseudo-Newtonian potential. We find that there is a critical value of the orbital eccentricity below which all the stellar debris remains bound to the black hole. For high but sub-critical eccentricities, all the stellar mass is accreted onto the black hole in a finite time, causing a significant deviation from the canonical $t^{-5/3}$ mass fallback rate. When a star is on a moderately eccentric orbit and its pericenter distance is deeply inside the tidal disruption radius, there can be several orbit crossings of the debris streams due to relativistic precession. This dissipates orbital energy in shocks, allowing for rapid circularization of the debris streams and formation of an accretion disk. The resultant accretion rate greatly exceeds the Eddington rate and differs strongly from the canonical rate of $t^{-5/3}$. By contrast, there is little dissipation due to orbital crossings for the equivalent simulation with a purely Newtonian potential. This shows that general relativistic precession is crucial for accretion disk formation via circularization of stellar debris from stars on moderately eccentric orbits.

Kimitake Hayasaki; Nicholas Stone; Abraham Loeb

2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

428

Deformed Coordinate-Space Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov Approach to Weakly Bound Nuclei and Large Deformations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The coordinate space formulation of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) method enables self-consistent treatment of mean field and pairing in weakly bound systems whose properties are affected by the particle continuum space. Of particular interest are neutron-rich, deformed drip-line nuclei which can exhibit novel properties associated with neutron skin. To describe such systems theoretically, we developed an accurate 2D lattice Skyrme-HFB solver HFB-AX based on B-splines. Compared to previous implementations, we made a number of improvements aimed at boosting the solver's performance. These include: explicit imposition of axiality and space inversion, use of the modified Broyden's method to solve self-consistent equations, and a partial parallelization of the code. HFB-AX has been benchmarked against other HFB solvers, both spherical and deformed, and the accuracy of the B-spline expansion was tested by employing the multi-resolution wavelet method. Illustrative calculations are carried out for stable and weakly bound nuclei at spherical and very deformed shapes, including constrained fission pathways. In addition to providing new physics insights, HFB-AX can serve as a useful tool to assess the reliability and applicability of coordinate-space and configuration-space HFB solvers, both existing and in development.

Pei, Junchen [ORNL; Stoitsov, M. V. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Fann, G. I. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Nazarewicz, W. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Schunck, N. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) & Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Xu, F. R. [Peking University

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Deformed Coordinate-Space Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov Approach to Weakly Bound Nuclei and Large Deformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The coordinate space formulation of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) method enables self-consistent treatment of mean-field and pairing in weakly bound systems whose properties are affected by the particle continuum space. Of particular interest are neutron-rich, deformed drip-line nuclei which can exhibit novel properties associated with neutron skin. To describe such systems theoretically, we developed an accurate 2D lattice Skyrme-HFB solver {\\hfbax} based on B-splines. Compared to previous implementations, we made a number of improvements aimed at boosting the solver's performance. These include: explicit imposition of axiality and space inversion, use of the modified Broyden's method to solve self-consistent equations, and a partial parallelization of the code. {\\hfbax} has been benchmarked against other HFB solvers, both spherical and deformed, and the accuracy of the B-spline expansion was tested by employing the multiresolution wavelet method. Illustrative calculations are carried out for stable and weakly bound nuclei at spherical and very deformed shapes, including constrained fission pathways. In addition to providing new physics insights, {\\hfbax} can serve as a useful tool to assess the reliability and applicability of coordinate-space and configuration-space HFB solvers, both existing and in development.

J. C. Pei; M. V. Stoitsov; G. I. Fann; W. Nazarewicz; N. Schunck; F. R. Xu

2008-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

430

Effective-range expansion for two coupled channels and properties of bound states  

SciTech Connect

The S matrix and the scattering-amplitude matrix (F matrix) are considered for the case of two coupled elastic-scattering channels differing by the values of the orbital angular momentum (l{sub 1} and l{sub 2} = l{sub 1} + 2). The matrix elements of the S and F matrices in the absence of Coulomb interaction are expressed in terms of the matrix elements of the matrix K{sup -1} inverse to the reaction K matrix. The elements of the K{sup -1} matrix are written in the form of expansions that are generalizations of the single-channel effective-range expansion. If there is a bound state in the system of colliding particles, then an analytic continuation of these expansions to the region of negative energies makes it possible to obtain both the position of the pole corresponding to this bound state and the residues of scattering amplitudes at this pole, the respective vertex constants and asymptotic normalization coefficients being expressed in terms of these residues. By way of example, the developed formalism is applied to describing triplet neutron-proton scattering.

Blokhintsev, L. D., E-mail: blokh@srd.sinp.msu.ru [Moscow State University, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Bounds on variation of spectral subspaces under J-self-adjoint perturbations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let $A$ be a self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space $\\fH$. Assume that the spectrum of $A$ consists of two disjoint components $\\sigma_0$ and $\\sigma_1$. Let $V$ be a bounded operator on $\\fH$, off-diagonal and $J$-self-adjoint with respect to the orthogonal decomposition $\\fH=\\fH_0\\oplus\\fH_1$ where $\\fH_0$ and $\\fH_1$ are the spectral subspaces of $A$ associated with the spectral sets $\\sigma_0$ and $\\sigma_1$, respectively. We find (optimal) conditions on $V$ guaranteeing that the perturbed operator $L=A+V$ is similar to a self-adjoint operator. Moreover, we prove a number of (sharp) norm bounds on variation of the spectral subspaces of $A$ under the perturbation $V$. Some of the results obtained are reformulated in terms of the Krein space theory. As an example, the quantum harmonic oscillator under a PT-symmetric perturbation is discussed.

S. Albeverio; A. K. Motovilov; A. A. Shkalikov

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

432

Bound, virtual, and resonance S-matrix poles from the Schroedinger equation  

SciTech Connect

A general method, which we call the potential S-matrix pole method, is developed for obtaining the S-matrix pole parameters for bound, virtual, and resonant states based on numerical solutions of the Schroedinger equation. This method is well known for bound states. In this work we generalize it for resonant and virtual states, although the corresponding solutions increase exponentially when r->infinity. Concrete calculations are performed for the 1{sup +} ground state of {sup 14}N, the resonance {sup 15}F states (1/2{sup +}, 5/2{sup +}), low-lying states of {sup 11}Be and {sup 11}N, and the subthreshold resonance in the proton-proton system. We also demonstrate that in the case of broad resonances, their energy and width can be found from the fitting the experimental phase shifts using the analytical expression for the elastic-scattering S matrix. We compare the S-matrix pole and the R matrix methods for broad resonances in the {sup 14}O-p and in {sup 26}Mg-n systems.

Mukhamedzhanov, A. M.; Goldberg, V. Z. [Cyclotron Institute, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Irgaziev, B. F.; Qazi, I. [GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi (Pakistan); Orlov, Yu. V. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human survivor Ebolavirus: The ebolavirus causes a severe hemorrhagic fever with 50-90% lethality for which no vaccines or treatments are yet available. The more frequent re-emergence of the virus, its high prevalence among wildlife, and ease of importation of the virus make it a significant public health concern. A team of researchers have recently determined the crystal structure of the oligomeric, viral surface glycoprotein in complex with a rare antibody derived from a human survivor. This work explains how the glycoprotein, termed GP, mediates host recognition, drives fusion of the viral and host membranes and masks itself from immune surveillance. The structure also explains why antibodies that neutralize the virus are so rare, identifies the very few sites to which a neutralizing antibody might bind, and thus, provides templates for vaccines and antibodies against the virus.

434

Upper bound on parity-violating neutron spin rotation in {sup 4}He  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report an upper bound on parity-violating neutron spin rotation in {sup 4}He. This experiment is the most sensitive search for neutron-weak optical activity yet performed and represents a significant advance in precision in comparison to past measurements in heavy nuclei. The experiment was performed at the NG-6 slow-neutron beamline at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Center for Neutron Research. Our result for the neutron spin rotation angle per unit length in {sup 4}He is d{phi}/dz=[+1.7{+-}9.1(stat.){+-}1.4(sys.)]x10{sup -7} rad/m. The statistical uncertainty is smaller than current estimates of the range of possible values of d{phi}/dz in n+{sup 4}He.

Snow, W. M.; Luo, D.; Walbridge, S. B. [Indiana University/CEEM, 2401 Milo B. Sampson Lane, Bloomington, Indiana 47408 (United States); Bass, C. D.; Bass, T. D.; Mumm, H. P.; Nico, J. S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Crawford, B. E. [Gettysburg College, 300 North Washington Street, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325 (United States); Gan, K.; Micherdzinska, A. M.; Opper, A. K. [The George Washington University, 725 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20052 (United States); Heckel, B. R.; Swanson, H. E. [University of Washington/CENPA, Box 354290, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Markoff, D. M. [North Carolina Central University/TUNL, 1801 Fayetteville Street, Durham, North Carolina 27707 (United States); Sarsour, M. [Georgia State University, 29 Peachtree Center Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia 30303-4106 (United States); Sharapov, E. I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Zhumabekova, V. [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi Ave. 71, 050038 Almaty (Kazakhstan)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Strength Estimation of Self-Piercing Rivets using Lower Bound Limit Load Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes the authors' work on strength and failure mode estimation of self-piercing rivets (SPR) for automotive applications. First, the static cross tension strength of an SPR joint is estimated using a lower bound limit load based strength estimator. Failure mode associated with the predicted failure strength can also be identified. It is shown that the cross tension strength of an SPR joint depends on the material and gage combinations, rivet design, die design and riveting direction. The analytical rivet strength estimator is then validated by experimental rivet strength measurements and failure mode observations from nine SPR joint populations with various material and gage combinations. Next, the estimator is used to optimize rivet strength. Two illustrative examples are presented in which rivet strength is improved by changing rivet length and riveting direction from the original manufacturing parameters.

Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico existing environmental analyses bounding environmental test facilities.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report identifies current environmental operating parameters for the various test and support facilities at SNL/NM. The intent of this report is solely to provide the limits which bound the facilities' operations. Understanding environmental limits is important to maximizing the capabilities and working within the existing constraints of each facility, and supports the decision-making process in meeting customer requests, cost and schedule planning, modifications to processes, future commitments, and use of resources. Working within environmental limits ensures that mission objectives will be met in a manner that protects human health and the environment. It should be noted that, in addition to adhering to the established limits, other approvals and permits may be required for specific projects.

May, Rodney A.; Bailey-White, Brenda E. (Sandia Staffing Alliance, LLC, Albuquerque, NM); Cantwell, Amber (Sandia Staffing Alliance, LLC, Albuquerque, NM)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Expansion of Bound-State Energies in Powers of m/M  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We describe a new approach to computing energy levels of a non-relativistic bound-state of two constituents with masses M and m, by a systematic expansion in powers of m/M. After discussing the method, we demonstrate its potential with an example of the radiative recoil corrections to the Lamb shift and hyperfine splitting relevant for the hydrogen, muonic hydrogen, and muonium. A discrepancy between two previous calculations of O({alpha}(Z{alpha}){sup 5} m{sup 2}/M) radiative recoil corrections to the Lamb shift is resolved and several new terms of O({alpha}(Z{alpha}){sup 5} m{sup 4}/M{sup 3}) and higher are obtained.

Melnikov, Kirill

2001-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

438

Switching of bound vector solitons for the coupled nonlinear Schroedinger equations with nonhomogenously stochastic perturbations  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the dynamics of the bound vector solitons (BVSs) for the coupled nonlinear Schroedinger equations with the nonhomogenously stochastic perturbations added on their dispersion terms. Soliton switching (besides soliton breakup) can be observed between the two components of the BVSs. Rate of the maximum switched energy (absolute values) within the fixed propagation distance (about 10 periods of the BVSs) enhances in the sense of statistics when the amplitudes of stochastic perturbations increase. Additionally, it is revealed that the BVSs with enhanced coherence are more robust against the perturbations with nonhomogenous stochasticity. Diagram describing the approximate borders of the splitting and non-splitting areas is also given. Our results might be helpful in dynamics of the BVSs with stochastic noises in nonlinear optical fibers or with stochastic quantum fluctuations in Bose-Einstein condensates.

Sun Zhiyuan; Yu Xin; Liu Ying [Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics and National Laboratory for Computational Fluid Dynamics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); Gao Yitian [Ministry-of-Education Key Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics and National Laboratory for Computational Fluid Dynamics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China); State Key Laboratory of Software Development Environment, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191 (China)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Deformed Coordinate-Space Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov Approach to Weakly Bound Nuclei and Large Deformations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The coordinate space formulation of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) method enables self-consistent treatment of mean-field and pairing in weakly bound systems whose properties are affected by the particle continuum space. Of particular interest are neutron-rich, deformed drip-line nuclei which can exhibit novel properties associated with neutron skin. To describe such systems theoretically, we developed an accurate 2D lattice Skyrme-HFB solver {\\hfbax} based on B-splines. Compared to previous implementations, we made a number of improvements aimed at boosting the solver's performance. These include: explicit imposition of axiality and space inversion, use of the modified Broyden's method to solve self-consistent equations, and a partial parallelization of the code. {\\hfbax} has been benchmarked against other HFB solvers, both spherical and deformed, and the accuracy of the B-spline expansion was tested by employing the multiresolution wavelet method. Illustrative calculations are carried out for stable and ...

Pei, J C; Fann, G I; Nazarewicz, W; Schunck, N; Xu, F R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

The Crystal Structure of TAL Effector PthXo1 Bound to Its DNA Target  

SciTech Connect

DNA recognition by TAL effectors is mediated by tandem repeats, each 33 to 35 residues in length, that specify nucleotides via unique repeat-variable diresidues (RVDs). The crystal structure of PthXo1 bound to its DNA target was determined by high-throughput computational structure prediction and validated by heavy-atom derivatization. Each repeat forms a left-handed, two-helix bundle that presents an RVD-containing loop to the DNA. The repeats self-associate to form a right-handed superhelix wrapped around the DNA major groove. The first RVD residue forms a stabilizing contact with the protein backbone, while the second makes a base-specific contact to the DNA sense strand. Two degenerate amino-terminal repeats also interact with the DNA. Containing several RVDs and noncanonical associations, the structure illustrates the basis of TAL effector-DNA recognition.

Mak, Amanda Nga-Sze; Bradley, Philip; Cernadas, Raul A.; Bogdanove, Adam J.; Stoddard, Barry L. (FHCRC); (Iowa State)

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Structure of RCC1 chromatin factor bound to the nucleosome core particle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The small GTPase Ran enzyme regulates critical eukaryotic cellular functions including nuclear transport and mitosis through the creation of a RanGTP gradient around the chromosomes. This concentration gradient is created by the chromatin-bound RCC1 (regulator of chromosome condensation) protein, which recruits Ran to nucleosomes and activates Ran's nucleotide exchange activity. Although RCC1 has been shown to bind directly with the nucleosome, the molecular details of this interaction were not known. Here we determine the crystal structure of a complex of Drosophila RCC1 and the nucleosome core particle at 2.9 {angstrom} resolution, providing an atomic view of how a chromatin protein interacts with the histone and DNA components of the nucleosome. Our structure also suggests that the Widom 601 DNA positioning sequence present in the nucleosomes forms a 145-base-pair nucleosome core particle, not the expected canonical 147-base-pair particle.

Makde, Ravindra D.; England, Joseph R.; Yennawar, Hemant P.; Tan, Song (Penn)

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

442

Timing Synchronization and Node Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks: Efficient Estimation Approaches and Performance Bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) consist of a large number of sensor nodes, capable of on-board sensing and data processing, that are employed to observe some phenomenon of interest. With their desirable properties of flexible deployment, resistance to harsh environment and lower implementation cost, WSNs envisage a plethora of applications in diverse areas such as industrial process control, battle- field surveillance, health monitoring, and target localization and tracking. Much of the sensing and communication paradigm in WSNs involves ensuring power efficient transmission and finding scalable algorithms that can deliver the desired performance objectives while minimizing overall energy utilization. Since power is primarily consumed in radio transmissions delivering timing information, clock synchronization represents an indispensable requirement to boost network lifetime. This dissertation focuses on deriving efficient estimators and performance bounds for the clock parameters in a classical frequentist inference approach as well as in a Bayesian estimation framework. A unified approach to the maximum likelihood (ML) estimation of clock offset is presented for different network delay distributions. This constitutes an analytical alternative to prior works which rely on a graphical maximization of the likelihood function. In order to capture the imperfections in node oscillators, which may render a time-varying nature to the clock offset, a novel Bayesian approach to the clock offset estimation is proposed by using factor graphs. Message passing using the max-product algorithm yields an exact expression for the Bayesian inference problem. This extends the current literature to cases where the clock offset is not deterministic, but is in fact a random process. A natural extension of pairwise synchronization is to develop algorithms for the more challenging case of network-wide synchronization. Assuming exponentially distributed random delays, a network-wide clock synchronization algorithm is proposed using a factor graph representation of the network. Message passing using the max- product algorithm is adopted to derive the update rules for the proposed iterative procedure. A closed form solution is obtained for each node's belief about its clock offset at each iteration. Identifying the close connections between the problems of node localization and clock synchronization, we also address in this dissertation the problem of joint estimation of an unknown node's location and clock parameters by incorporating the effect of imperfections in node oscillators. In order to alleviate the computational complexity associated with the optimal maximum a-posteriori estimator, two iterative approaches are proposed as simpler alternatives. The first approach utilizes an Expectation-Maximization (EM) based algorithm which iteratively estimates the clock parameters and the location of the unknown node. The EM algorithm is further simplified by a non-linear processing of the data to obtain a closed form solution of the location estimation problem using the least squares (LS) approach. The performance of the estimation algorithms is benchmarked by deriving the Hybrid Cramer-Rao lower bound (HCRB) on the mean square error (MSE) of the estimators. We also derive theoretical lower bounds on the MSE of an estimator in a classical frequentist inference approach as well as in a Bayesian estimation framework when the likelihood function is an arbitrary member of the exponential family. The lower bounds not only serve to compare various estimators in our work, but can also be useful in their own right in parameter estimation theory.

Ahmad, Aitzaz 1984-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Theory and Modeling of Weakly Bound/Physisorbed Materials for Hydrogen Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Modeling of and Modeling of Weakly Bound/Physisorbed Materials for Hydrogen Storage Andrew Williamson Quantum Simulations Group Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Tadashi Ogitsu Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Yong-Hyun Kim, Mike Heben, and Shengbai Zhang National Renewable Energy Laboratory UCRL-209054 This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by the University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract No. W-7405-Eng-48. Outline * Storage by physisorption: - CNT, fullerenes, carbon aerogels - Doping, Decorating, Charging * Accuracy of Methods: DFT, QMC and Quantum Chemistry - Van der Waals interactions - * Use of DFT to screen for new compounds - 2 binding to doped fullerenes * LDA, GGA and ad-hoc corrections to pseudopotentials

444

Lower Higgs boson mass bounds from a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model with overlap fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the coupling parameter dependence of the Higgs boson mass in a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Yukawa coupling structure as in the Higgs-fermion sector of the Standard Model. Eventually, the aim is to establish non-perturbative upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds derived from first principles, in particular not relying on vacuum stability considerations for the latter case. Here, we present our lattice results for the lower Higgs boson mass bound at several values of the cutoff and compare them to corresponding analytical calculations based on the effective potential as obtained from lattice perturbation theory. Furthermore, we give a brief outlook towards the calculation of the upper Higgs boson mass bound.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen

2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

445

ESTIMATED UPPER BOUNDS TO THE HALF-LIFE OF THERMAL DECOMPOSITION OF AMMONIA, HYDROGEN, METHANE, AND PROPANE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An estimate was made of the upper bound for the half-time of dissociation at 100 atm for ammonia, methane, and propane at 2500 deg K and hydrogen at 5000 deg K. In each case a unimolecular reactron in the homogeneous gas phase was chosen as most suitable for this purpose. Slater's theory has been used to estimate the necessary frequency factors. The upper bounds to the half- time for dissociation range from 3 x 10/sup -7/ to 6 x 10/sup -6/ sec. Extrapolation of decomposition rate data obtained at --1000 deg C and 1 atm pressure gives smaller values for the half-time of dissociation. (auth)

Herschbach, D.

1955-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

DLMF: Bibliography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Referenced by: 8.10. Encodings: BibTeX. H. Alzer (2000) Sharp bounds for the Bernoulli numbers, Arch. Math. (Basel) 74 (3), pp. 207–211. ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

447

Application of Density Functional Theory to the Study of the Reaction of NO with Char-Bound Nitrogen during Combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Bound Nitrogen during Combustion Alejandro Montoya,, Thanh N. Truong,*,§ and Adel F. Sarofim Department. The calculations were carried out to simulate combustion conditions resulting in the absence and presence and in stratospheric ozone depletion. One of the anthropogenic sources of N2O is the combustion of coal, particularly

Truong, Thanh N.

448

Bounds on the Growth of Perturbations to Non-Parallel Steady Flow on the Barotropic Beta Plane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on consideration of the perturbation enstrophy and energy equations, we have derived a general family of bounds on the growth rates of perturbations to non-parallel (vortex-like or wave-like) flow on the barotropic beta-plane, allowing for ...

R. T. Pierrehumbert

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Derivation of conditions for a Brans-Dicke coupling constant of order unity be consistent with solar system bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide proofs of some assumptions recently made by F. O. Minotti to conclude on the possibility that an additional scalar field minimally coupled to gravity may help to reconcile a Brans-Dicke coupling constant $\\omega$ of the order unity with solar system bounds.

Mbelek, Jean Paul

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Implications of the stability and triviality bounds on the standard model with three and four chiral generations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We revisit the stability and triviality bounds on the Higgs boson mass in the context of the standard model with three and four generations (SM3 and SM4, respectively). In light of the recent results from LHC, the triviality bound in the SM3 has now become obsolete, and the stability bound implies for a Higgs mass of e.g. m{sub H}=115 GeV the onset of new physics before {Lambda}=650 TeV, whereas there are no limits for m{sub H}{>=}133 GeV. For the SM4, the stability and triviality curves intersect and bound a finite region. As a consequence, the fourth generation fermions place stringent theoretical limits on the Higgs mass, and there is a maximal scale beyond which the theory cannot be perturbatively valid. We find that the Higgs mass cannot exceed 700 GeV for any values of the fourth generation fermion masses. Turning the argument around, the absence of a Higgs signal for m{sub H}{Higgs boson lighter than 700 GeV is not observed, a fourth generation of chiral fermions with perturbative Yukawa couplings will be conclusively excluded for the full range of parameters.

Wingerter, Akin [Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie UJF Grenoble 1, CNRS/IN2P3, INPG, 53 Avenue des Martyrs, F-38026 Grenoble (France)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Derivation of conditions for a Brans-Dicke coupling constant of order unity be consistent with solar system bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide proofs of some assumptions recently made by F. O. Minotti to conclude on the possibility that an additional scalar field minimally coupled to gravity may help to reconcile a Brans-Dicke coupling constant $\\omega$ of the order unity with solar system bounds.

Jean Paul Mbelek

2013-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

452

Profit-charging market makers with bounded loss, vanishing bid/ask spreads, and unlimited market depth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four desiderata for automated market makers have appeared in the literature: (1) bounded loss, (2) the ability to make a profit, (3) a vanishing bid/ask spread, and (4) unlimited market depth. Intriguingly, market makers that satisfy any three ... Keywords: algorithmic finance, automated market makers, financial markets, liquidity, market making, market microstructure, markets, prediction markets, wagering

Abraham Othman; Tuomas Sandholm

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Event Counting of Partially-Observed Discrete-Event Systems with Uniformly and Nonuniformly Bounded Diagnosis Delays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an approach dealing with repeated fault events in the framework of model-based monitoring of discrete-event systems (DES). Various notions of diagnosability reported in the literature deal with uniformly bounded finite detection of counting ... Keywords: Computational complexity, Discrete-event systems, Fault diagnosis, Repeated/intermittent faults

Tae-Sic Yoo; Humberto E. Garcia

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 57, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2011 1015 Network Coding for Computing: Cut-Set Bounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is to maximize the average number of times f can be computed per network usage, i.e., the "computing capacity's tightness for different classes of target functions. In particular, we give a lower bound on the computing be computed per network usage. Giridhar and Kumar [18] have stated: "In its most general form, computing

Franceschetti, Massimo

455

Insulating polymer concrete. [Perlite or glass nodule aggregates bound together with a polyester resin  

SciTech Connect

An insulating polymer concrete (IPC) composite has been developed under contract to the Gas Research Institute for possible use as a dike insulation material at Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) storage facilities. In the advent of an LNG spill into the impounding dike area, the boiloff rate of the LNG can be substantially reduced if the surfaces of the dike are insulated. This increased safety at the LNG facility will tend to reduce the hazardous explosive mixture with atmospheric air in the surrounding region. The dike insulation material must have a low thermal conductivity and be unaffected by environmental conditions. The IPC composites developed consist of perlite or glass nodule aggregates bound together as a closed cell structure with a polyester resin. In addition to low thermal conductivity and porosity, these composites have correspondingly high strengths and, therefore, can carry transient loads of workmen and maintenance equipment. Prefabricated IPC panels have been installed experimentally and at least one utility is currently considering a complete installation at its LNG facility. 4 references, 8 tables.

Fontana, J.J.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Neutron scattering from elemental indium, the optical model, and the bound-state potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron differential elastic-scattering cross sections of elemental indium are measured from 4.5 to 10 MeV at incident-energy intervals of {approx}500 keV. Seventy or more differential values are obtained at each incident energy, distributed between {approx}18{degree} and 160{degree}. These experimental results are combined with lower-energy values previously obtained at this laboratory, and with 11 and 14 MeV results in the literature, to form a comprehensive elastic-scattering database extending from {approx}1.5 to 14 MeV. These data are interpreted in terms of a conventional spherical optical model. The resulting potential is extrapolated to the bound-state regime. It is shown that in the middle of the 50--82 neutron shell, the potential derived from the scattering results adequately describes the binding energies of article states, but does not do well for hole states. The latter shortcoming is attributed to the holes states having occupational probabilities sufficiently different from unity, so that the exclusion principle become a factor, and to the rearrangement of the neutron core. 68 refs.

Chiba, S. (Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)); Guenther, P.T.; Lawson, R.D.; Smith, A.B. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Search for He-eta bound states with the WASA-at-COSY facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The existence of eta-mesic nuclei in which the eta meson is bound in a nucleus by means of the strong interaction was postulated already in 1986, albeit not yet confirmed it by experiment. The discovery of this new kind of an exotic nuclear matter would be very important as it might allow for a better understanding of the eta meson structure and its interaction with nucleons. The search for eta-mesic helium 4He-eta is carried out with high statistics and high acceptance with the WASA detector, installed at the cooler synchrotron COSY of the Research Center Juelich. The search is conducted via the measurement of the excitation function for selected decay channels of the 4He-eta system. In the experiment, performed in November 2010, two reactions dd->(4He-eta)bs ->3He p pi- and dd->(4He-eta)bs ->3He p pi0 were measured with a beam momentum ramped from 2.127GeV/c to 2.422GeV/c. The report includes the description of the experimental method and status of the measurement.

Magdalena Skurzok; Pawel Moskal; Wojciech Krzemien

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

458

Upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds from a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the advent of the Large Hadron Collider the aim of the present work is the non-perturbative determination of the cutoff-dependent upper and lower mass bounds of the Standard Model Higgs boson based on first principle calculations, in particular not relying on additional information such as the triviality property of the Higgs-Yukawa sector or indirect arguments like vacuum stability considerations. For that purpose the lattice approach is employed to allow for a non-perturbative investigation of a chirally invariant lattice Higgs-Yukawa model, serving here as a reasonable simplification of the full Standard Model, containing only those fields and interactions which are most essential for the intended Higgs boson mass determination. These are the complex Higgs doublet as well as the top and bottom quark fields and their mutual interactions. To maintain the chiral character of the Standard Model Higgs-fermion coupling also on the lattice, the latter model is constructed on the basis of the Neuberger overlap operator, obeying then an exact global lattice chiral symmetry.

P. Gerhold

2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

459

Relaxing the Upper Bound on the Mass of the Lightest Supersymmetric Higgs Boson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a class of supersymmetric models in which the lightest Higgs-boson mass can be as large as a few hundred GeV (200 - 300 GeV) while the successful MSSM prediction for gauge coupling unification is preserved. The theories are formulated on a 5D warped space truncated by two branes, and a part of the Higgs sector is localized on the infrared brane. The structure of the Higgs sector in the four dimensional effective theory below the Kaluza-Klein mass scale is essentially that of the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM), or related theories. However, large values of the NMSSM couplings at the weak scale are now possible as these couplings are required to be perturbative only up to the infrared cutoff scale, which can in general be much lower than the unification scale. This allows the possibility of generating a large quartic coupling in the Higgs potential, and thereby significantly raising the Higgs-boson mass bound. We present two particularly simple models. In the first model, the quark and lepton fields are localized on the ultraviolet brane, where the grand unified symmetry is broken. In the second model, the quark and lepton fields are localized on the infrared brane, and the unified symmetry is broken both on the ultraviolet and infrared branes. Our theories potentially allow the possibility of a significant reduction in the fine-tuning needed for correct electroweak symmetry breaking, although this is somewhat model dependent.

Andreas Birkedal; Z. Chacko; Yasunori Nomura

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

460

Interfacial instability induced by lateral vapor pressure fluctuation in bounded thin liquid-vapor layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study an instability of thin liquid-vapor layers bounded by rigid parallel walls from both below and above. In this system, the interfacial instability is induced by lateral vapor pressure fluctuation, which is in turn attributed to the effect of phase change: evaporation occurs at the hotter portion of the interface and condensation at the colder one. The high vapor pressure drives the liquid away and the low one pulls it up. A set of equations describing the temporal evolution of the interface of the liquid-vapor layers is derived. This model neglects the effect of mass loss or gain at the interface and guarantees the mass conservation of the liquid layer. The result of linear stability analysis of the model shows that the presence of the pressure dependence of the local saturation temperature suppresses the growth of long-wave disturbances. We find the stability criterion, which suggests that only slight temperature gradients are sufficient to overcome the stabilizing gravitational effect for a water an...

Kanatani, Kentaro

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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461

Light deflection in the post-linear gravitational field of bounded point-like masses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light deflection in the post-linear gravitational field of two bounded point-like masses is treated. Both the light source and the observer are assumed to be located at infinity in an asymptotically flat space. The equations of light propagation are explicitly integrated to the second order in $G/c^2$. Some of the integrals are evaluated by making use of an expansion in powers of the ratio of the relative separation distance to the impact parameter $(r_{12}/\\xi)$. A discussion of which orders must be retained to be consistent with the expansion in terms of $G/c^2$ is given. It is shown that the expression obtained in this paper for the angle of light deflection is fully equivalent to the expression obtained by Kopeikin and Sch\\"afer up to the order given there. The deflection angle takes a particularly simple form for a light ray originally propagating orthogonal to the orbital plane of a binary with equal masses. Application of the formulae for the deflection angle to the double pulsar PSR J0737-3039 for an impact parameter five times greater than the relative separation distance of the binary's components shows that the corrections to the Epstein-Shapiro light deflection angle of about $10^{-6}$ arcsec lie between $10^{-7}$ and $10^{-8}$ arcsec.

Michael H. Brügmann

2005-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

462

Structure of the Ebola Virus Glycoprotein Bound to An Antibody From a Human Survivor  

SciTech Connect

Ebola virus (EBOV) entry requires the surface glycoprotein (GP) to initiate attachment and fusion of viral and host membranes. Here we report the crystal structure of EBOV GP in its trimeric, pre-fusion conformation (GP1+GP2) bound to a neutralizing antibody, KZ52, derived from a human survivor of the 1995 Kikwit outbreak. Three GP1 viral attachment subunits assemble to form a chalice, cradled by the GP2 fusion subunits, while a novel glycan cap and projected mucin-like domain restrict access to the conserved receptor-binding site sequestered in the chalice bowl. The glycocalyx surrounding GP is likely central to immune evasion and may explain why survivors have insignificant neutralizing antibody titres. KZ52 recognizes a protein epitope at the chalice base where it clamps several regions of the pre-fusion GP2 to the amino terminus of GP1. This structure provides a template for unraveling the mechanism of EBOV GP-mediated fusion and for future immunotherapeutic development.

Lee, J.E.; Fusco, M.L.; Hessell, A.J.; Oswald, W.B.; Burton, D.R.; Saphire, E.O.

2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

463

Nonlocal effects in a bounded low-temperature plasma with fast electrons  

SciTech Connect

Effects associated with nonlocality of the electron energy distribution function (EEDF) in a bounded, low-temperature plasma containing fast electrons, can lead to a significant increase in the near-wall potential drop, leading to self-trapping of fast electrons in the plasma volume, even if the density of this group is only a small fraction ({approx}0.001%) of the total electron density. If self-trapping occurs, the fast electrons can substantially increase the rate of stepwise excitation, supply additional heating to slow electrons, and reduce their rate of diffusion cooling. Altering the source terms of these fast electrons will, therefore, alter the near-wall sheath and, through modification of the EEDF, a number of plasma parameters. Self-trapping of fast electrons is important in a variety of plasmas, including hollow-cathode discharges and capacitive rf discharges, and is especially pronounced in an afterglow plasma, which is a key phase of any pulse-modulated discharge. In the afterglow, the electron temperature is less than a few tenths of an electron volt, and the fast electrons will have energies typically greater than an electron volt. It is shown that in the afterglow plasma of noble gases, fast electrons, arising from Penning ionization of metastable atoms, can lead to the above condition and significantly change the plasma and sheath properties. Similar effects can be important in technologically relevant electronegative gas plasmas, where fast electrons can arise due to electron detachment in collisions of negative ions with atomic species. Both experimental and modeling results are presented to illustrate these effects.

DeJoseph, C. A. Jr.; Demidov, V. I.; Kudryavtsev, A. A. [Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States); Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Department of Optics and Spectroscopy, St. Petersburg State University, 195904 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

How does breakup influence near-barrier fusion of weakly bound light nuclei ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The influence on the fusion process of coupling to collective degrees of freedom has been explored. The significant enhancement of he fusion cross setion at sub-barrier energies was understood in terms of the dynamical processes arising from strong couplings to collective inelastic excitations of the target and projectile. However, in the case of reactions where breakup becomes an important process, conflicing model predictions and experimental results have been reported in the literature. Excitation functions for sub- and near-barrier total (complete + incomplete) fusion cross sections have been measured for the $^{6,7}$Li + $^{59}$Co at the Vivitron facility and at the 8UD Pelletron tandem facility using standard $\\gamma$-ray techniques. The data extend to medium-mass systems previous works exploring the coupling effects in fusion reactions of both lighter and heavier systems. Results of continuum-discretized coupled channel (CDCC) calculations indicate a small enhancement of total fusion for the more weakly bound $^{6}$Li at sub-barrier energies, with similar cross sections for both reactions at and above the barrier. A systematic study of $^{4,6}$He induced fusion reactions with the CDCC method is in progress. The understanding of the reaction dynamics involving couplings to the breakup channels requires th explicit measurement of precise elastic scattering data as well as yields leading to the breakup itself. Recent coincidence experiments for $^{6,7}$Li + $^{59}$Co are addressing this issue. The particle identification of the breakup products have been achieved by measuring the three-body final-state correlations.

C. Beck; N. Rowley; M. Rousseau; F. Haas; P. Bednarczyk; S. Courtin; N. Kintz; F. Hoellinger; P. Papka; S. Szilner; A. Sanchez I Zafra; A. Hachem; E. Martin; O. Stezowski; A. Diaz-Torres; F. A. Souza; A. Szanto De Toledo; A. Aissaoui; N. Carlin; R. Liguori Neto; M. G. Munhoz; J. Takahashi; A. A. P. Suade; M. M. De Moura; E. M. Szanto; K. Hagino; I. J. Thompson

2004-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

465

Bounding the Role of Black Carbon in the Climate System: A Scientific Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Black carbon aerosol plays a unique and important role in Earth’s climate system. Black carbon is a type of carbonaceous material with a unique combination of physical properties. Predominant sources are combustion related; namely, fossil fuels for transportation, solid fuels for industrial and residential uses, and open burning of biomass. Total global emissions of black carbon using bottom-up inventory methods are 7500 Gg yr-1 in the year 2000 with an uncertainty range of 2000 to 29000. This assessment provides an evaluation of black-carbon climate forcing that is comprehensive in its inclusion of all known and relevant processes and that is quantitative in providing best estimates and uncertainties of the main forcing terms: direct solar absorption, influence on liquid, mixed-phase, and ice clouds, and deposition on snow and ice. These effects are calculated with models, but when possible, they are evaluated with both microphysical measurements and field observations. Global atmospheric absorption attributable to black carbon is too low in many models, and should be increased by about about 60%. After this scaling, the best estimate for the industrial-era (1750 to 2005) direct radiative forcing of black carbon is +0.43 W m-2 with 90% uncertainty bounds of (+0.17, +0.68) W m-2. Total direct forcing by all black carbon sources in the present day is estimated as +0.49 (+0.20, +0.76) W m-2. Direct radiative forcing alone does not capture important rapid adjustment mechanisms. A framework is described and used for quantifying climate forcings and their rapid responses and feedbacks. The best estimate of industrial-era (1750 to 2005) climate forcing of black carbon through all forcing mechanisms is +0.77 W m-2 with 90% uncertainty bounds of +-0.06 to +1.53 W m-2. Thus, there is a 96% probability that black carbon emissions, independent of co-emitted species, have a positive forcing and warm the climate. With a value of +0.77 W m-2, black carbon is likely the second most important individual climate-forcing agent in the industrial era, following carbon dioxide. Sources that emit black carbon also emit other short- lived species that may either cool or warm climate. Climate forcings from co-emitted species are estimated and used in the framework described herein. When the principal effects of co- emissions, including cooling agents such as sulfur dioxide, are included in net forcing, energy-related sources (fossil-fuel and biofuel) have a net climate forcing of +0.004 (-0.62 to +0.57) W m-2 during the first year after emission. For a few of these sources, such as diesel engines and possibly residential biofuels, warming is strong enough that eliminating all emissions from these sources would reduce net climate forcing (i.e., produce cooling). When open burning emissions, which emit high levels of organic matter, are included in the total, the best estimate of net industrial-era climate forcing by all black- carbon-rich sources becomes slightly negative (-0.08 W m-2 with 90% uncertainty bounds of -1.23 to +0.81 W m-2). The uncertainties in net climate forcing from black-carbon-rich sources are substantial, largely due to lack of knowledge about cloud interactions with both black carbon and co-emitted organic carbon. In prioritizing potential black-carbon mitigation actions, non-science factors, such as technical feasibility, costs, policy design, and implementation feasibility play important roles. The major sources of black carbon are presently in different stages with regard to the feasibility for near-term mitigation. This assessment, by evaluating the large number and complexity of the associated physical and radiative processes in black-carbon climate forcing, sets a baseline from which to improve future climate forcing estimates.

Bond, Tami C.; Doherty, Sarah J.; Fahey, D. W.; Forster, Piers; Berntsen, T.; DeAngelo, B. J.; Flanner, M. G.; Ghan, Steven J.; Karcher, B.; Koch, Dorothy; Kinne, Stefan; Kondo, Yutaka; Quinn, P. K.; Sarofim, Marcus; Schultz, Martin; Schulz, M.; Venkataraman, C.; Zhang, Hua; Zhang, Shiqiu; Bellouin, N.; Guttikunda, S. K.; Hopke, P. K.; Jacobson, M. Z.; Kaiser, J. W.; Klimont, Z.; Lohmann, U.; Schwarz, Joshua P.; Shindell, Drew; Storelvmo, Trude; Warren, Stephen G.; Zender, C. S.

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

466

Upper and lower Higgs boson mass bounds from a lattice Higgs-Yukawa model with dynamical overlap fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a lattice Higgs-Yukawa model emulating the same Higgs-fermion coupling structure as in the Higgs sector of the electroweak Standard Model, in particular, obeying a Ginsparg-Wilson version of the underlying SU(2) x U(1) symmetry, being a global symmetry here due to the neglection of gauge fields in this model. In this paper we present our results on the cutoff-dependent upper Higgs boson mass bound at several selected values of the cutoff parameter.

P. Gerhold; K. Jansen

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

467

A non-standard symmetry-preserving method to compute bounded solutions of a generalized Newell-Whitehead-Segel equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we propose a finite-difference scheme to approximate the solutions of a generalization of the classical, one-dimensional, Newell-Whitehead-Segel equation from fluid mechanics, which is an equation for which the existence of bounded solutions ... Keywords: Boundedness preservation, M-matrix, Newell-Whitehead-Segel equation, Non-negativity preservation, Non-standard numerical method, Skew-symmetry preservation

J. E. Macías-Díaz; J. Ruiz-Ramírez

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Bound-free pair production cross section in heavy-ion colliders from the equivalent photon approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exact calculations of the electron-positron pair production by a single photon in the Coulomb field of a nucleus with simultaneous capture of the electron into the K-shell are discussed for different nuclear charges. Using the equivalent photon method of Weizsaecker and Williams, a simple expression for the bound-free production of electron-positron pairs by colliding very-high-energy fully stripped heavy ions is derived for nuclei of arbitrary charge.

Andreas Aste

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

469

A co-axially configured submillimeter spectrometer and investigations of hydrogen bound molecular complexes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of a co-axially configured submillimeter spectrometer is reported. The spectrometer has been constructed to observe molecular complexes that exhibit non-covalent interactions with energies much less than that of a traditional covalent bond. The structure of molecular complexes such as those formed between a rare gas and a hydrogen halide, Rg:HX where Rg is a rare gas (Rg=Ne, Ar and Kr) and HX (X=F, Cl, Br and I) can be determined directly and accurately. The center of mass interaction distance, RCM, as well as the angle of the hydrogen halide is determined, along with direct evaluation of the intermolecular vibrations as well as accurate isomerization energies between the hydrogen bound and van der Waals forms. The accuracy of the frequency determination of rovibrational transitions using the submillimeter spectrometer is also evaluated by direct comparison with the state-of-theart pulsed nozzle Fourier transform microwave spectrometer, and this accuracy is estimated to be less than 1 kHz at 300 GHz. The tunneling or geared bending vibration of a dimer of hydrogen bromide or hydrogen iodide has been investigated. The selection rules, nuclear statistics and intensity alternation for transitions observed in these dimmers, which is a consequence of interchanging two identical nuclei in the low frequency geared bending vibration of the molecular complex, are reported. Furthermore, the rotation and quadrupole coupling constants are used to determine a vibrationally averaged structure of the complex. The energy of the low frequency bending vibration can then be compared with ab initio based potential energy surfaces. A study of the multiple isomeric forms of the molecular complex OC:HI is also presented. Multiple isotopic substitutions are used to determine the relevant ground state structures and data reported evidence for an anomalous isotope effect supporting a ground state isotopic isomerization effect. All spectroscopic data that has been reported here has been additionally used to subsequently model and generate vibrationally complete morphed potential energy surfaces that are capable or reproducing the experimentally observed data. The utility of this procedure is evaluated on a predicative basis and comparisons made with newly observed data.

McElmurry, Blake Anthony

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

A METHODOLOGY FOR DETERMINING THE DOSE RATE FOR BOUNDING MASS LIMITS IN A 9977 PACKAGING  

SciTech Connect

The Small Gram Quantity (SGQ) concept is based on the understanding that the hazards associated with the shipment of a radioactive material are directly proportional to its mass. This study describes a methodology that estimates the acceptable masses for several neutron and gamma emitting isotopes that can be shipped in a 9977 Package compliant with the Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 71 (10CFR71) external radiation level limits. 10CFR71.33 states that a shipping application identifies the radioactive and fissile materials at their maximum quantity and provides an evaluation demonstrating compliance with the external radiation standards. Since rather small amounts of some isotopes emit sufficiently strong radiation to produce a large external dose rate, quantifying of the dose rate for a proposed content is a challenging issue for the SGQ approach. It is essential to quantify external radiation levels from several common gamma and neutron sources that can be safely placed in a specific packaging, to ensure compliance with federal regulations. A methodology was established for determining the dose rate for bounding mass limits for a set of isotopes in the Model 9977 Shipping Package. Calculations were performed to estimate external radiation levels using the MCNP radiation transport code to develop a set of response multipliers (Green's functions) for 'dose per source particle' for each neutron and photon spectral group. The source spectrum from one gram of each isotope was folded with the response multipliers to generate the dose rate per gram of each isotope in the 9977 shipping package and its associated shielded containers. The maximum amount of a single isotope that could be shipped within the regulatory limits for dose rate at the surface was determined. For a package containing a mixture of isotopes, the acceptability for shipment can be determined by a sum of fractions approach. Furthermore, the results of this analysis can be easily extended to additional radioisotopes by simply evaluating the neutron and/or photon spectra of those isotopes and folding the spectral data with the Green's functions provided.

Abramczyk, G.; Bellamy, S.; Nathan, S.; Loftin, B.

2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

471

Fourier Transform of the Stretched Exponential Function: Analytic Error Bounds, Double Exponential Transform, and Open-Source Implementation libkww  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The C library \\texttt{libkww} provides functions to compute the Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts function, i.e.\\ the Laplace-Fourier transform of the stretched (or compressed) exponential function $\\exp(-t^\\beta)$ for exponents $\\beta$ between 0.1 and 1.9 with sixteen-digits accuracy. Analytic error bounds are derived for the low and high frequency series expansions. For intermediate frequencies the numeric integration is enormously accelerated by using the Ooura-Mori double exponential transformation. The source code is available from the project home page \\url{http://apps.jcns.fz-juelich.de/doku/sc/kww}.

Joachim Wuttke

2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

472

Near- and subbarrier elastic and quasielastic scattering of the weakly bound {sup 6}Li projectile on {sup 144}Sm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-precision data of backward-angle elastic and quasielastic scattering for the weakly bound {sup 6}Li projectile on {sup 144}Sm target at deep-sub-barrier, near-, and above-barrier energies were measured. From the deep-sub-barrier data, the surface diffuseness of the nuclear interacting potential was studied. Barrier distributions were extracted from the first derivatives of the elastic and quasielastic excitation functions. It is shown that sequential breakup through the first resonant state of the {sup 6}Li is an important channel to be included in coupled-channels calculations, even at deep-sub-barrier energies.

Monteiro, D. S.; Otomar, D. R.; Lubian, J.; Gomes, P. R. S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litoranea s/n, Gragoata, Niteroi, R.J., 24210-340 (Brazil); Capurro, O. A.; Marti, G. V. [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. General Paz 1499, 1650 San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Arazi, A.; Figueira, J. M.; Heimann, D. Martinez; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J. [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. General Paz 1499, 1650 San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Av. Rivadavia 1917, Buenos Aires (1033) (Argentina); Niello, J. O. Fernandez [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. General Paz 1499, 1650 San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Av. Rivadavia 1917, Buenos Aires (1033) (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencia y Tecnologia, Univ. Nac. de San Martin, San Martin (1650), Buenos Aires (Argentina); Guimaraes, V. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa postal 66318, 05315-970, Sao Paulo, S.P. (Brazil)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Expansion of Bound-State Energies in Powers of m/M and (1-m/M)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Elaborating on a previous letter [1], we use a new approach to compute energy levels of a nonrelativistic bound-state of two constituents, with masses m and M, by systematic expansions--one in powers of m/M and another in powers of (1-m/M). Technical aspects of the calculations are described in detail. Theoretical predictions are given for {Omicron}({alpha}(Z{alpha}){sup 5}) radiative recoil and {Omicron}((Z{alpha}){sup 6}) pure recoil corrections to the average energy shift and hyperfine splitting relevant for hydrogen, muonic hydrogen, and muonium.

Melnikov, Kirill

2002-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

474

Reaction mechanisms for weakly-bound, stable nuclei and unstable, halo nuclei on medium-mass targets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental overview of reactions induced by the stable, but weakly-bound nuclei 6Li, 7Li and 9Be, and by the exotic, halo nuclei 6He, 8B, 11Be and 17F on medium-mass targets, such as 58Ni, 59Co or 64Zn, is presented. Existing data on elastic scattering, total reaction cross sections, fusion processes, breakup and transfer channels are discussed in the framework of a CDCC approach taking into account the breakup degree of freedom.

Beck, C; Papka, P; Courtin, S; Souza, F A; Carlin, N; Neto, R Liguori; De Moura, M M; del Santo, M G; Suaide, A A I; Munhoz, M G; Szanto, E M; de Toledo, A Szanto; Keeley, N; Díaz-Torres, A; Hagino, K

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Math at a Glance | M2ACS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the grand challenges of analysis, design, planning, maintenance, and operation of electrical energy systems and related infrastructure in the presence of rapidly increasingly...

476

Abstracts of Discrete Math Seminars at SFU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... Speaker: Peter Higgins Affiliation: University of Essex Email: peter@essex.ac. ...... structures without using mark bits is central to many real-world applications.

477

Enhancing Science, Technology, Engineering and Math ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... support annual salary increases that allow the program to remain competitive with other NRC postdoctoral programs and absorb increasing costs. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

478

MATH 158 Assignment 2, Spring 2013 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 4, 2013 ... For exercise 60, the current yearly production rate is 20 million tons per year and they want to increase it by 2te-0.05t tons per year. The way I ...

479

MATH 56A SPRING 2008 STOCHASTIC PROCESSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that it starts at the end of the previous process). I used the example of a light bulb. You put a light bulb considered three kinds of light bulbs: (1) The guaranteed light bulb which will last exactly 1000 hours. (2) The Poisson light bulb. This light bulb is as good as new as long as it is working. Assume it has an expected

Igusa, Kiyoshi

480

MATH 56A SPRING 2008 STOCHASTIC PROCESSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the end of the previous process). I used the example of a light bulb. You put a light bulb into a socket kinds of light bulbs: (1) The guaranteed light bulb which will last exactly 1000 hours. (2) The Poisson light bulb. This light bulb is as good as new as long as it is working. Assume it has an expected life

Igusa, Kiyoshi

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "upward bound math" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

OpenMath JavaBeans - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep 24, 1998 ... The technology studied in this project uses Java to construct components, ... It is also a general communications standard which supports the ...

482

GAMS : Other Sources of Math Software Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A software exchange system set up on behalf of the US High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) program. ...

2013-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

483

Microscopy for Science, Technology, Engineering and Math ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The NNIN provides extensive education outreach programs for the kinder- garten to senior citizen (K-to-gray) population. ...

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

484

SFU MathCamp 2005 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jun 30, 2005 ... Luis Goddyn, Problems from the Canadian Mathematical Olympiad Training Program Paul Cheng, 9:00 Contest 10:30 Calculus of Parabolas

485

Math in Architecture - CECM - Simon Fraser University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Parthenon, Athens, Greece. 4. Page 5. Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy. 5. Page 6. A Church, Ia, Santorini Island, Greece. 6 ...

486

MATH 158 Assignment 3, Spring 2013 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(a) In which year did the oil well reach a maximum production rate? (b) Sketch the graph of R(t) for 0 ? t ? 20. (c) How much oil has it produced so far? (d) If the  ...

487

MATH 158 Assignment 3, Spring 2011 - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(a) In which year did the oil well reach a maximum production rate? (b) Sketch the graph of R(t) for 0 ? t ? 20. (c) How much oil has it produced so far? (d) If it is  ...

488

BNL | Computational Science Center | Applied Math  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

simulations associated with High Power Targets for Neutrino Factory Muon Collider, New Smart Grid: Algorithms for Real Time Optimization of Power Systems , Development of...

489

Higher order terms in the inflation potential and the lower bound on the tensor to scalar ratio r  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research Highlights: > In Ginsburg-Landau (G-L) approach data favors new inflation over chaotic inflation. > n{sub s} and r fall inside a universal banana-shaped region in G-L new inflation. > The banana region for the observed value n{sub s}=0.964 implies 0.021 Fermion condensate inflaton potential is a double well in the G-L class. - Abstract: The MCMC analysis of the CMB + LSS data in the context of the Ginsburg-Landau approach to inflation indicated that the fourth degree double-well inflaton potential in new inflation gives an excellent fit of the present CMB and LSS data. This provided a lower bound for the ratio r of the tensor to scalar fluctuations and as most probable value r {approx_equal} 0.05, within reach of the forthcoming CMB observations. In this paper we systematically analyze the effects of arbitrarily higher order terms in the inflaton potential on the CMB observables: spectral index n{sub s} and ratio r. Furthermore, we compute in close form the inflaton potential dynamically generated when the inflaton field is a fermion condensate in the inflationary universe. This inflaton potential turns out to belong to the Ginsburg-Landau class too. The theoretical values in the (n{sub s}, r) plane for all double well inflaton potentials in the Ginsburg-Landau approach (including the potential generated by fermions) fall inside a universal banana-shaped region B. The upper border of the banana-shaped region B is given by the fourth order double-well potential and provides an upper bound for the ratio r. The lower border of B is defined by the quadratic plus an infinite barrier inflaton potential and provides a lower bound for the ratio r. For example, the current best value of the spectral index n{sub s} = 0.964, implies r is in the interval: 0.021 < r < 0.053. Interestingly enough, this range is within reach of forthcoming CMB observations.

Destri, C., E-mail: Claudio.Destri@mib.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica G. Occhialini, Universita Milano-Bicocca and INFN, sezione di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 3, 20126 Milano (Italy); Vega, H.J. de, E-mail: devega@lpthe.jussieu.fr [LPTHE, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) et Denis Diderot (Paris VII), Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 7589, Tour 24, 5eme. etage, Boite 126, 4, Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris, Cedex 05 (France); Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 8112, 61, Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris (France); Sanchez, N.G., E-mail: Norma.Sanchez@obspm.fr [Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 8112, 61, Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris (France)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

Hyperfine structure and nuclear hyperpolarization observed in the bound exciton luminescence of Bi donors in natural Si  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the deepest group V donor in Si, Bi has by far the largest hyperfine interaction, and also a large I=9/2 nuclear spin. At zero field this splits the donor ground state into states having total spin 5 and 4, which are fully resolved in the photoluminescence spectrum of Bi donor bound excitons. Under a magnetic field, the 60 expected allowed transitions cannot be individually resolved, but the effects of the nuclear spin distribution, -9/2 nuclear spin, with sign opposite to the expected equilibrium polarization, is observed to result from the nonresonant optical excitation. This is very similar to the recently reported optical hyperpolarization of P donors observed by EPR at higher magnetic fields. We introduce a new model to explain this effect, and predict that it may be very fast.

T. Sekiguchi; M. Steger; K. Saeedi; M. L. W. Thewalt; H. Riemann; N. V. Abrosimov; N. Noetzel

2009-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

491

Photochemical energy conversion by membrane-bound photoredox systems. Progress report, July 1, 1989--March 1, 1992  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Most of our effort during the past grant period has been directed towards investigating electron transfer processes involving redox proteins at lipid bilayer/aqueous interfaces. This theme, as was noted in our previous three year renewal proposal, is consistent with our goal of developing biomimetic solar energy conversion systems which utilize the unique properties of biological electron transfer molecules. Thus, small redox proteins such as cytochrome c, plastocyanin and ferredoxin function is biological photosynthesis as mediators of electron flow between the photochemical systems localized in the membrane, and more complex soluble or membrane-bound redox proteins which are designed to carry out specific biological tasks such as transbilayer proton gradient formation, dinitrogen fixation, ATP synthesis, dihydrogen synthesis, generation of strong reductants, etc. In these studies, we have utilized two principal experimental techniques, laser flash photolysis and cyclic voltammetry, both of which permit direct measurements of electron transfer processes.

Tollin, G.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

High-Resolution Serum Proteomic Profiling of Alzheimer Disease Samples Reveals Disease- Specific, Carrier-Protein–Bound Mass Signatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: Researchers typically search for disease markers using a “targeted ” approach in which a hypothesis about the disease mechanism is tested and experimental results either confirm or disprove the involvement of a particular gene or protein in the disease. Recently, there has been interest in developing disease diagnostics based on unbiased quantification of differences in global patterns of protein and peptide masses, typically in blood from individuals with and without disease. We combined a suite of methods and technologies, including novel sample preparation based on carrier-protein capture and biomarker enrichment, highresolution mass spectrometry, a unique cohort of wellcharacterized persons with and without Alzheimer disease (AD), and powerful bioinformatic analysis, that add statistical and procedural robustness to biomarker discovery from blood. Methods: Carrier-protein–bound peptides were isolated from serum samples by affinity chromatography, and peptide mass spectra were acquired by a matrixassisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) orthogo-

Mary F. Lopez; Alvydas Mikulskis; Scott Kuzdzal; David A. Bennett; Jeremiah Kelly; Eva Golenko; Joseph Dicesare; Eric Denoyer; Wayne F. Patton; Richard Ediger; Tillmann Ziegert; Christopher Lynch; Susan Kramer; Gordon R. Whiteley; Michael R. Wall; David P. Mannion; John S. Rakitan; Gershon M. Wolfe

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Compositional characterization and imaging of "Wall-bound" acylesters of Populus trichocarpa Reveal Differential Accumulation of acyl Molecules in Normal and Reactive Woods  

SciTech Connect

Acylesterification is one of the common modifications of cell wall non-cellulosic polysaccharides and/or lignin primarily in monocot plants. We analyzed the cell-wall acylesters of black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa Torr. & Gray) with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy, and synchrotron infrared (IR) imaging facility. The results revealed that the cell wall of dicotyledonous poplar, as the walls of many monocot grasses, contains a considerable amount of acylesters, primarily acetyl and p-hydroxycinnamoyl molecules. The 'wall-bound' acetate and phenolics display a distinct tissue specific-, bending stress responsible- and developmental-accumulation pattern. The 'wall-bound' p-coumarate predominantly accumulated in young leaves and decreased in mature leaves, whereas acetate and ferulate mostly amassed in the cell wall of stems. Along the development of stem, the level of the 'wall-bound' ferulate gradually increased, while the basal level of p-coumarate further decreased. Induction of tension wood decreased the accumulation of the 'wall-bound' phenolics while the level of acetate remained constant. Synchrotron IR-mediated chemical compositional imaging revealed a close spatial distribution of acylesters with cell wall polysaccharides in poplar stem. These results indicate that different 'wall-bound' acylesters play distinct roles in poplar cell wall structural construction and/or metabolism of cell wall matrix components.

Guo, J.; Park, S; Yu, X; Liu, C

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

PARTIALLY AVERAGED NAVIER-STOKES METHOD FOR TURBULENCE CLOSURES: CHARACTERIZATION OF FLUCTUATIONS AND EXTENSION TO WALL BOUNDED FLOWS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The work presented in this dissertation concerns continued development, validation and verification of the partially averaged Navier-Stokes (PANS) method - a variable resolution closure model for turbulence. Linear eddy viscosity models (LEVM), which are popular because of their simplicity and affordability in terms of computational cost have fundamental deficiencies and cannot be trusted to accurately represent turbulence in realistic complex flows. The more high fidelity approaches such as large eddy simulations (LES) and direct numerical simulations (DNS) are out of realm of engineering applicability because of their high requirements in computing power. PANS, a variable resolution approach considered in this study, lies between LEVM and LES in terms of computational cost and is designed to prudently utilize the available computing power to improve accuracy. This dissertation presents the various studies performed to characterize the PANS fluctuations and extend the model for use in various wall bounded flows. The road map towards our goal includes: (i) Comparing a-priori and a-posteriori eddy viscosity values to establish whether PANS is capable of producing the pre-specified level of reduction. (ii) Investigating the scaling of PANS fluctuations for different levels of prescribed resolution and establishing if the fluctuations abide by known turbulence scaling laws. (iii) Extending PANS to k-w formulation which is better suited for wall-bounded shear flows, and (iv) Modifying the present LEVM to yield reasonable behavior in the rapid distortion limit where the turbulence is elastic in nature which ultimately affects PANS performance. Results reported in this dissertation illustrate that the PANS closure yields reliable and predictable reduction in the modeled viscosity. The accuracy of the simulations improve as the effective damping is reduced by lowering the specified viscosity providing credibility to the PANS method as a bridging model that performs as intended.

Lakshmipathy, Sunil

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Lower and upper bounds for the absolute free energy by the hypothetical scanning Monte Carlo method: Application to liquid argon and water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lower and upper bounds for the absolute free energy by the hypothetical scanning Monte Carlo method The hypothetical scanning HS method is a general approach for calculating the absolute entropy S and free energy F to provide the free energy through the analysis of a single configuration. © 2004 American Institute

Meirovitch, Hagai

496

Assembly and Repair of Membrane-Bound Electron Transport Complexes similar to NifS than is Slr0387, but shows strong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assembly and Repair of Membrane-Bound Electron Transport Complexes similar to NifS than is Slr0387 in the maturation of FeS proteins. We found that under some conditions the Synechocystis NifU-like protein can oxidation of the cysteine side chains at NifU. The same reaction might have occurred in lysed chloroplasts

497

Brief Min-max predictive control techniques for a linear state-space system with a bounded set of input matrices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Min-max predictive control of a linear state-space system with a bounded set of input matrices is studied based on a quadratic performance criterion. Systems with stable and integrating dynamics as well as time-varying and time-invariant uncertainties ... Keywords: Constraint satisfaction, Minimax techniques, Predictive control, Robust control

Jay H. Lee; Brian L. Cooley

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

A mixed-integer linear optimization model for local energy system planning based on simplex and branch-and-bound algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Mixed-integer linear optimization model is developed to support the decision making for the sustainable use of energy in the local area. It details exploitation of primary energy sources, electrical and thermal generation, enduse sectors and emissions. ... Keywords: branch-and-bound algorithm, local energy system, low-carbon society, mixed-integer linear optimization, simplex algorithm

Hongbo Ren; Weisheng Zhou; Weijun Gao; Qiong Wu

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Bounds on Dark Matter Properties from Radio Observations of Ursa Major II using the Green Bank Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radio observations of the Ursa Major II dwarf spheroidal galaxy obtained using the Green Bank Telescope are used to place bounds on WIMP dark matter properties. Dark matter annihilation releases energy in the form of charged particles which emit synchrotron radiation in the magnetic field of the dwarf galaxy. We compute the expected synchrotron radiation intensity from WIMP annihilation to various primary channels. The predicted synchrotron radiation is sensitive to the distribution of dark matter in the halo, the diffusion coefficient D_0, the magnetic field strength B, the particle mass m_\\chi, the annihilation rate , and the annihilation channel. Limits on , m_\\chi, B, and D_0 are obtained for the e^+ e^-, \\mu^+ \\mu^-, \\tau^+ \\tau^-, and b \\bar b channels. Constraints on these parameters are sensitive to uncertainties in the measurement of the dark matter density profile. For the best fit halo parameters derived from stellar kinematics, we exclude 10 GeV WIMPs annihilating directly to e^+ e^- at the thermal rate = 2.18 x 10^{-26} cm^3/s at the 2\\sigma level, for B > 0.6 microGauss (1.6 microGauss) and D_0 = 0.1 (1.0) x the Milky Way diffusion value.

Aravind Natarajan; Jeffrey B. Peterson; Tabitha C. Voytek; Kristine Spekkens; Brian Mason; James Aguirre; Beth Willman

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

500

Dressed-bound-state molecular strong-field approximation: Application to above-threshold ionization of heteronuclear diatomic molecules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The molecular strong-field approximation (MSFA), which includes dressing of the molecular bound state, is introduced and applied to above-threshold ionization of heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Expressions for the laser-induced molecular dipole and polarizability as functions of the laser parameters (intensity and frequency) and molecular parameters [molecular orientation, dipole, and parallel and perpendicular polarizabilities of the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO)] are presented. Our previous MSFA theory, which incorporates the rescattering effects, is generalized from homonuclear to heteronuclear diatomic molecules. Angle- and energy-resolved high-order above-threshold ionization spectra of oriented heteronuclear diatomic molecules, exemplified by the carbon monoxide (CO) molecule, exhibit pronounced minima, which can be related to the shape of their HOMO-electron-density distribution. For the CO molecule we have found an analytical condition for the positions of these minima. We have also shown that the effect of the dressing of the HOMO is twofold: (i) the laser-induced Stark shift decreases the ionization yield and (ii) the laser-induced time-dependent dipole and polarizability change the oscillatory structure of the spectra.

Hasovic, E. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, BA-71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, DE-12489 Berlin (Germany); Busuladzic, M. [Medical Faculty, University of Sarajevo, Cekalusa 90, BA-71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Becker, W. [Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, DE-12489 Berlin (Germany); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, BA-71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, DE-12489 Berlin (Germany); Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bistrik 7, BA-71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z