Sample records for upthrown block urban

  1. Two urban corners : a design exploration for the Holloway block

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cabot, Thomas Dudley

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores built possibilities for two public street corners at the Holloway Block in Burlington, Vermont The site is at the historic commercial center of the town, and consisted until recently of abandoned ...

  2. Building, block, street : residential block design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamell, Elizabeth N. (Elizabeth Natanya)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Late twentieth-century housing, formed by economic and internally generated functional problems rather than by limitations imposed by traditional street pattern and block size, is fundamentally anti-urban. Modern American ...

  3. Urban Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    property taxation regional economics residential segregationexternalities urban economics urban production externalitiesproperty taxation regional economics residential segregation

  4. antibody blocks interactions: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Er Kk Kayatani; Zilka I Terrientes; Socrates Herrera; Rose Gf Leke; Diane W Taylor 143 Seismic motion in urban sites consisting of blocks in welded contact with a soft layer...

  5. Urban Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    E. , Hanushek, E. and Quigley, J. 2004. Opportunities, race,Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins Press. Quigley, J. 2001. Theof Regional Science 35, Quigley, J. 1998. Urban diversity

  6. Flexible urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anandam, Anahita

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis seeks to find a new approach/method towards urbanization in existing low density neighborhoods in major metropolitan cities in the United States. The near South side of the city of Chicago (a city that carries ...

  7. Urban stairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Yoonhee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent decades, Seoul in Korea has experienced a rapid economic and urban development. As a result, the city exposes extreme disharmony between different zones. For example, the heavy mega structures are inconsiderately ...

  8. On block identities and block inclusions Jrn B. Olsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsson, Jørn Børling

    On block identities and block inclusions Jørn B. Olsson (joint work with D. Stanton, C. Bessenrodt for a prime p and a p-block Bp of G the set Irr(Bp) of irreducible complex characters of Bp. It was conjectured by Navarro and Willems [4], that if for different primes p, q we have a block equality Irr

  9. Net Requirements Transparency Process for Slice/Block and Block...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 As part of its Net Requirements Transparency process, on July 31, 2013 BPA published the SliceBlock and Block customers' FY2012 and forecast FY2014 Total Retail Load (TRL) and...

  10. Contextualizing urban mobile fabrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Michael Chia-Liang

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is focus on the urban fabric issues. To be more specific, I will focus on the "Mobile Fabrics" within the larger Asian urban context. Instead of working with a specific geographical site; I will focus on the ...

  11. Lyme Carditis with Transient Complete Heart Block

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolbec, Katherine W D; Higgins, George L; Saucier, John R

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    demonstrating complete heart block Volume XI, no . 2 : Maywith Transient Complete Heart Block Katherine W. D. Dolbecsecond-degree to first-degree heart block before complete

  12. Modeling urban runoff characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Alfred

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the impact that urban1zation has on storm runoff. An accurate method is required to model urban watersheds and to simulate storm runoff. Research Objectives The purpose of this research was to quantitatively define the effect that urbanization has... are typical in the sense that they follow the steps outlined above. These models include: the British Road Research Laboratory Nodel (RRL), 1962; the Chicago Hydrograph Method (NERO), 1970; the Environmental Protection Agency Storm Water Management Model...

  13. Building Random Trees from Blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 18, 2012 ... We have a finite collection of unlabeled, rooted, nonplanar building ... We use these as building blocks of an unlabeled, rooted, nonplanar tree.

  14. Alternative Fuels, Vehicle Technologies and Urban Logistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witt, Maggie

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technologies and Urban Logistics Policy Note prepared byvehicle technologies, urban logistics, and VMT reduction. It

  15. California Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    requires the Energy Commission to prioritize grants based on cost-effective energy efficiencyCalifornia Energy Commission REVISED BLOCK GRANT GUIDELINES (FORMULA-BASED GRANTS) ENERGY EFFICIENCY CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM FOR CONSIDERATION FOR ADOPTION BY THE CALIF. ENERGY COMMISSION

  16. California Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bill X4 114 . This state law requires the Energy Commission to prioritize grants based on costCalifornia Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT GUIDELINES (FORMULA-BASED GRANTS) ENERGY EFFICIENCY CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM ADOPTED BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION OCTOBER 7, 2009 CEC-150

  17. California Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by Assembly Bill X4 114 . This state law requires the Energy Commission to prioritize grants based on costCalifornia Energy Commission Committee Draft BLOCK GRANT GUIDELINES (FORMULA-BASED GRANTS) ENERGY GLOSSARY #12;Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program Guidelines 1. Background

  18. Conformal nets II: conformal blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Bartels; Christopher L. Douglas; Andr Henriques

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Conformal nets provide a mathematical formalism for conformal field theory. Associated to a conformal net with finite index, we give a construction of the `bundle of conformal blocks', a representation of the mapping class groupoid of closed topological surfaces into the category of finite-dimensional projective Hilbert spaces. We also construct infinite-dimensional spaces of conformal blocks for topological surfaces with smooth boundary. We prove that the conformal blocks satisfy a factorization formula for gluing surfaces along circles, and an analogous formula for gluing surfaces along intervals. We use this interval factorization property to give a new proof of the modularity of the category of representations of a conformal net.

  19. Mesoporous Block Copolymer Battery Separators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, David Tunmin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the characterization methods directly relevant to batteryand characterization of mesoporous block copolymers and our experiments testing these materials as batterybattery cycling methods are also described here in this chapter. Synthesis, characterization

  20. Community Development Block Grant (Kansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Community Development Block Grant provides funds aimed at creating or retaining permanent jobs, which must be filled by a majority of low- and moderate-income persons. Eligible small city and...

  1. Towards sustainable urban communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haapio, Appu, E-mail: appu.haapio@vtt.fi

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Requirements for the assessment tools of buildings have increased, assessing of building components or separate buildings is not enough. Neighbourhoods, built environment, public transportations, and services, should be considered simultaneously. Number of population living in urban areas is high and increasing rapidly. Urbanisation is a major concern due to its detrimental effects on the environment. The aim of this study is to clarify the field of assessment tools for urban communities by analysing the current situation. The focus is on internationally well known assessment tools; BREEAM Communities, CASBEE for Urban Development and LEED for Neigborhood Development. The interest towards certification systems is increasing amongst the authorities, and especially amongst the global investors and property developers. Achieved certifications are expected to bring measureable publicity for the developers. The assessment of urban areas enables the comparison of municipalities and urban areas, and notably supports decision making processes. Authorities, city planners, and designers would benefit most from the use of the tools during the decision making process. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The urban assessment tools have strong linkage to the region. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The tools promote complementary building and retrofitting existing sites. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sharing knowledge and experiences is important in the development of the tools.

  2. Morphologies of block copolymers composed of charged and neutral blocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Rajeev [ORNL; Goswami, Monojoy [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Wang, Xiaojun [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article reviews current experimental observations and theoretical calculations devoted towards understanding micro-phase separation in charged block copolymer systems. We discuss bulk morphologies in melt and in solution, as well as some of the new emerging research directions. Overall, a comprehensive picture is beginning to emerge on the fundamental role of electrostatics in the microphase separation of charged block copolymers. This understanding provides exciting new insight that may be used to direct targeted structures that endow the materials with desired properties that can have tremendous potential in technological applications.

  3. Urban Form and Air Pollution in US Urban Areas!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Urban Form and Air Pollution in US Urban Areas! Center for Transportation Studies Research of Minnesota Grant No. 0853467 #12;Air Pollution Impacts on Health 2 EPA, 2010 Ozone PM2.5 PM10 Lead Nitrogen #12;Purpose and Research Questions 4 Purpose: Explore relationship between air pollution and urban

  4. Urban Growth and Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Matthew E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    air pollution or urban water pollution, local and nationalbasic services of clean water and sanitation for a growing

  5. Rotationally invariant multilevel block codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulandaivelu, Anita

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the performance of block codes that are designed to be rotationally invariant, in a multilevel coding scheme, over a channel modelled to be white gaussian noise. Also, the use of non-binary codes...

  6. Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    at the Census block group level for 2005 3. Energy consumption data from 2005 Census Mesic Landscaping XericBalancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case Study on Phoenix, AZ effect, water scarcity, and energy consumption. The transformation of native landscapes into built

  7. Measuring the Impact of CDBG Spending on Urban Neighborhoods George Galster* [George_Galster@Wayne.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baskaran, Mark

    Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Program spending in census tracts in 17 large cities. RegressionMeasuring the Impact of CDBG Spending on Urban Neighborhoods George Galster* [George, suite 800, Silver Spring, MD 20910 This research was supported by a grant from the U.S. Department

  8. Urban Retrofit: A Whole-Watershed Approach to Urban Stormwater Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lithander, Becky

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rely impervious Derby/Po)er Creek Watershed: Urban cisterns Derby/Po)er Creek Watershed: Urban of impermeability Derby/Po)er Creek Watershed: Urban

  9. The urban coffee shop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chadios, Konstantinos

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is an investigation of the role of the coffee shop in the urban environment throughout history. Coffee shops spread from the Arab world to Europe and then to the U.S. at the end of the seventeenth century. ...

  10. Method for making block siloxane copolymers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Butler, N.L.; Jessop, E.S.; Kolb, J.R.

    1981-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for synthesizing block polysiloxane copolymers is disclosed. Diorganoscyclosiloxanes and an end-blocking compound are interacted in the presence of a ring opening polymerization catalyst, producing a blocked prepolymer. The prepolymer is then interacted with a silanediol, resulting in condensation polymerization of the prepolymers. A second end-blocking compound is subsequently introduced to end-cap the polymers and copolymers formed from the condensation polymerization.

  11. Constructing matrices with optimal block coherence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Andrew

    Constructing matrices with optimal block coherence Andrew Thompson (Duke University) Joint work · Background: · The subspace packing problem · An equivalent notion: block coherence · Who is interested in this? #12;Outline · Background: · The subspace packing problem · An equivalent notion: block coherence

  12. Block-conjugate-gradient method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, J.F. (Department of Physics, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (US))

    1989-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that by using the block-conjugate-gradient method several, say {ital s}, columns of the inverse Kogut-Susskind fermion matrix can be found simultaneously, in less time than it would take to run the standard conjugate-gradient algorithm {ital s} times. The method improves in efficiency relative to the standard conjugate-gradient algorithm as the fermion mass is decreased and as the value of the coupling is pushed to its limit before the finite-size effects become important. Thus it is potentially useful for measuring propagators in large lattice-gauge-theory calculations of the particle spectrum.

  13. Carbon Dioxide Reduction Through Urban Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    . Retrieval Terms: urban forestry, carbon dioxide, sequestration, avoided energy The Authors E. Gregory McCarbon Dioxide Reduction Through Urban Forestry: Guidelines for Professional and Volunteer Tree; Simpson, James R. 1999. Carbon dioxide reduction through urban forestry

  14. Urban nUtrient Urban nUtrient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6 Soil-Water RelationshipsUrban nUtrient ManageMent Handbook #12;#12;Urban nUtrient ManageMent Handbook Content Coordinators: Michael Goatley Jr., Professor, Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Tech Kevin Hensler

  15. Urban Commerce and Security Study Urban Commerce and Security Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urban Commerce and Security Study Urban Commerce and Security Study Contact Information Fred S. Roberts Research Sponsor: Department of Homeland Security Rutgers University/CCICADA Center Professor.S. Department of Homeland Security, under Agreement 2009-ST-061-CCI002-02. Any opinions, findings

  16. UrbanSolutionsCenter Urban Uses for Dairy Manure Compost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UrbanSolutionsCenter Urban Uses for Dairy Manure Compost Background Construction of new homes with time and with heat and drought stress. Dairy manure compost (DMC) is readily available for amending regulatory agencies are developing mechanisms for using composted dairy manure to remedy disturbed soils

  17. A Blueprint for Urban Sustainability: Integrating Sustainable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Blueprint for Urban Sustainability: Integrating Sustainable Energy Practices into Metropolitan Planning, May 2004 A Blueprint for Urban Sustainability: Integrating Sustainable...

  18. Urban Atmospheres captures a unique, synergistic moment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulos, Eric

    Urban Atmospheres captures a unique, synergistic moment expanding urban populations, rapid EDITORS Eric Paulos Intel Research eric@paulos.net Tom Jenkins Royal College of Art thomas

  19. Urban Enterprise Zone Program (New Jersey)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey's Urban Enterprise (UEZ) Program operates under the Department of Community Affairs. The UEZ Program exists to foster an economic climate that revitalizes designated urban communities...

  20. Net Requirements Transparency Process for Slice/Block Customers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SliceBlock contract in the Pre-TRM contracts provided those customers with block step ups to reduce non-BPA resources to integrate SliceBlock power, Block Step Ups for the...

  1. Urban Hopper Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron SpinPrinceton PlasmaAfternoon4. Uranium purchasedUrban Hopper Program As

  2. Urban Ecosystem Design Bedrich Benes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aliaga, Daniel G.

    Urban Ecosystem Design Bedrich Benes Michel Abdul Massih Philip Jarvis Purdue University Daniel G. Aliaga Carlos A. Vanegas a) b) c) Figure 1: This example demonstrates the need for urban ecosystems. The image in a) shows a terrain occupied by a wild ecosystem and b) displays the same ecosystem grown over

  3. Phoenix-UrbanNon-Sacramentorural.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    the ecosystem has yet to be fully constructed. Goals 1. To understand the drivers of carbon dynamics in urban. Vegetation (Trees and Shrubs) Storage and NPP Tree and Shrub Total NPP: 172 Gg C / Year Tree and Shrub Total on a per area basis, but there is more storage in trees and less in shrubs · NPP in urban mesic plots

  4. Community Service Block Grant Loan Program (Illinois)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Community Service Block Grant Loan Program is a partnership among the Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity, community action agencies, and the Illinois Ventures for Community Action. The...

  5. BLOCK STRUCTURED QUADRATIC PROGRAMMING FOR THE ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Block Structured Quadratic Programming for the Direct Multiple Shooting Method. 3. Figure 1. Coordinates, angles, and forces in the singletrack car model used...

  6. Linear block codes for block fading channels based on Hadamard matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spyrou, Spyros

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the creation of linear block codes using Hadamard matrices for block fading channels. The aforementioned codes are very easy to find and have bounded cross correlation spectrum. The optimality is with respect ...

  7. Linear block codes for block fading channels based on Hadamard matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spyrou, Spyros

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the creation of linear block codes using Hadamard matrices for block fading channels. The aforementioned codes are very easy to find and have bounded cross correlation spectrum. The optimality is with respect to the metric...

  8. Bounds on the Error Probability of ML Decoding for Block and Turbo-Block Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sason, Igal

    Bounds on the Error Probability of ML Decoding for Block and Turbo-Block Codes Igal Sason 32000, Israel March 1999 Abstract The performance of either structured or random turbo-block codes on the other. We focus here on uniformly interleaved and parallel concatenated turbo-Hamming codes

  9. The XY Spin Chain Random Block Operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Paul

    The XY Spin Chain Random Block Operators Proof of Main Result Open Questions Localization for Random Block Operators Related to the XY Spin Chain Jacob W. Chapman Division of Science Southern Wesleyan University Central, SC Joint work with G¨unter Stolz UAB NSF-CBMS Conference on Quantum Spin

  10. Urban and peri-urban agriculture and its zoonotic risks in Kampala, Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makita, Kohei

    2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In developing countries, cities are rapidly expanding, and urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) has an important role in feeding a growing urban population. However, UPA carries risks of zoonotic disease transmission. ...

  11. URBAN EXTENTS Bosnia-Herzego

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    URBAN EXTENTS Bosnia-Herzego Switzerland Czech Republic Germany Croatia Hungary Poland Slovakia. Adriatic Sea Bosnia- Herzegovina This document is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution License

  12. Urbanization, Agglomeration, and Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    94 (3): 65690. Quigley, John M. 1998. Urban Diversity andItaly, July 3. John M. Quigley GCU_04pp115-132.indd 129wasnt fully legible

  13. Urban Reclamation in So Paulo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eskinazi, Victor

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The urbanized terrain of So Paulo is characterized by wasteful landscapes on peripheral areas of the metropolitan agglomeration, and decaying landscapes of waste in the core of the city. If on the one hand, the increasingly ...

  14. Analysis of large urban fires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, S.W.; Reitter, T.A.; Takata, A.N.

    1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fires in urban areas caused by a nuclear burst are analyzed as a first step towards determining their smoke-generation chacteristics, which may have grave implications for global-scale climatic consequences. A chain of events and their component processes which would follow a nuclear attack are described. A numerical code is currently being developed to calculate ultimately the smoke production rate for a given attack scenario. Available models for most of the processes are incorporated into the code. Sample calculations of urban fire-development history performed in the code for an idealized uniform city are presented. Preliminary results indicate the importance of the wind, thermal radiation transmission, fuel distributions, and ignition thresholds on the urban fire spread characteristics. Future plans are to improve the existing models and develop new ones to characterize smoke production from large urban fires. 21 references, 18 figures.

  15. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Urban Energy Balance Models ComparisonT. Williamson, Urban surface energy balance models: modelof the international urban energy balance model comparison,

  16. Commercial applications of block copolymer photonic gels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lou, Sally S

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Block copolymer photonic gels are a simple and easily processed material which responds rapidly to environmental stimuli through a color change. The diblock copolymer that forms the gel self-assembles into a lamellar ...

  17. Numerical block diagonalization of matrix ?-algebras with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    successfully, see the recent survey [11] for details. Of particular .... i, the matrices in the algebra EiA Ei have a common nonzero diagonal block indexed by the...

  18. Ordered Hydrophobic Organosilicates Templated by Block Copolymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul G.

    functionalities for photonic applications. Introduction Organic-inorganic hybrid nanocomposites, which combine of the nanocomposites are very sensitive to the polymer-matrix interface and the intrinsic properties of the block

  19. Magnetic nanostructures patterned by block copolymer lithography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilievski, Filip, 1980-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this research was twofold: understanding the methods of patterning magnetic films using self-assembled block copolymer masks and examining the magnetic reversal mechanisms of as deposited and patterned magnetic ...

  20. Parameterization of Urban Characteristics for Global Climate Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Trisha L.

    2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of varying scales and effects of climate change on urban populations, urbanization must be included in global climate models (GCMs). To properly capture the spatial variability in urban areas, GCMs require global databases of urban extent and characteristics...

  1. Eco blocks: Nontraditional use for mixed wastepaper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, A.M. [Miami Univ., Oxford, OH (United States); Rose, M. [EKA Nobel, Ashland, VA (United States); Ryu, R. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1991, approximately 37%, by weight, of the materials going to landfills was paper. Landfill space in the US is becoming a critical problem in certain areas. This mixed paper fraction does not have a good use in traditional recycling applications. Wastepaper dealers have an excess of mixed wastepaper. This project explored the possibility of producing a value added product that would consume large amounts of mixed waste. The product selected was to produce 5 x 10 x 20 cm paper blocks. These blocks could find applications in building structures. The blocks were modeled using a heated platen press and an aluminum mold, fitted with porous brass plates on the top and bottom in order to ease water removal. The material produced was similar to synthetic wood. Unlike wood, it could be molded into different shapes if desired. The density and physical properties of tensile strength and modulus were determined and compared to wood. The water absorption properties were evaluated and found to be a potential problem. Various coatings were investigated in order to improve the water holdout properties. A manufacturing process was laid out and the cost of block production was estimated to be from $0.15 to $0.24 per block, which would make it competitive with other blocks.

  2. Tunable Morphologies from Charged Block Copolymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goswami, Monojoy [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bulk morphologies formed by a new class of charged block copolymers, 75 vol % fluorinated polyisoprene (FPI) 25 vol% sulfonated polystyrene (PSS) with 50% sulfonation, are characterized, and the fundamental underlying forces that promote the self-assembly processes are elucidated. The results show how the bulk morphologies are substantially different from their uncharged diblock counterparts (PS-PI) and also how morphology can be tuned with volume fraction of the charged block and the casting solvent. A physical understanding based on the underlying strong electrostatic interactions between the charged block and counterions is obtained using Monte Carlo (MC) and Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations. The 75/25 FPI-PSS shows hexagonal morphologies with the minority blocks (PSS) forming the continuous phase due to charge percolation and the FPI blocks arranged in hexagonal cylinders. Some long-range order can be sustained even if lipophobicity is increased (addition of water), albeit with lower dimensional structures. However, thermal annealing provides sufficient energy to disrupt the percolated charges and promotes aggregation of ionic sites which leads to a disordered system. Diverse and atypical morphologies are readily accessible by simply changing the number distribution of the charges on PSS block.

  3. Essays on rural-urban migration in hinterland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Lei

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Marriage Rates in Rural China . . . . . . . . . . .Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . . . . . .and Rural-Urban Migration in Hinterland China . . . . . 1.

  4. Sustainable Urban Development: A Literature Review and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Stephen

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Towards Sustainable Development and Sustainable Urban Forms,Sustainable Urban Development Sustainable Seattle Indicatorseds. , Making Development Sustainable: From Concepts to

  5. A window on urban sustainability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stigt, Rien van, E-mail: rien.vanstigt@hu.nl [Research Center for Technology and Innovation, Utrecht University of Applied Sciences, P.O. Box 182, 3500 AD Utrecht (Netherlands); Driessen, Peter P.J., E-mail: p.driessen@uu.nl [Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.115, 3508 TC Utrecht (Netherlands); Spit, Tejo J.M., E-mail: T.J.M.Spit@uu.nl [Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.115, 3508 TC Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Sustainable urban development requires the integration of environmental interests in urban planning. Although various methods of environmental assessment have been developed, plan outcomes are often disappointing due to the complex nature of decision-making in urban planning, which takes place in multiple arenas within multiple policy networks involving diverse stakeholders. We argue that the concept of decision windows can structure this seemingly chaotic chain of interrelated decisions. First, explicitly considering the dynamics of the decision-making process, we further conceptualized decision windows as moments in an intricate web of substantively connected deliberative processes where issues are reframed within a decision-making arena, and interests may be linked within and across arenas. Adopting this perspective in two case studies, we then explored how decision windows arise, which factors determine their effectiveness and how their occurrence can be influenced so as to arrive at more sustainable solutions. We conclude that the integration of environmental interests in urban planning is highly dependent on the ability of the professionals involved to recognize and manipulate decision windows. Finally, we explore how decision windows may be opened. -- Highlights: Decision-making about sustainable urban development occurs in networks. The concept of decision windows was further elaborated. Decision windows help understand how environmental interests enter decision-making. Decision windows can, to some extent, be influenced.

  6. Phosphine Oxide Based Electron Transporting and Hole Blocking...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oxide Based Electron Transporting and Hole Blocking Materials for Blue Electrophosphorescent Organic Light Emitting Phosphine Oxide Based Electron Transporting and Hole Blocking...

  7. Thermodynamics and Ionic Conductivity of Block Copolymer Electrolytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wanakule, Nisita Sidra

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2.3 REFERENCES Flory, P.J. , Thermodynamics of high polymerBlock Copolymer Thermodynamics - Theory And Experiment.on block copolymer thermodynamics by measuring the changes

  8. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Success Stories Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success Stories RSS Read Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program success stories. August 25,...

  9. BLOCK DIAGONALLY DOMINANT POSITIVE DEFINITE APPROXIMATE FILTERS AND SMOOTHERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BLOCK DIAGONALLY DOMINANT POSITIVE DEFINITE APPROXIMATE FILTERS AND SMOOTHERS Running title: BLOCK the loss of positive definiteness in the approximate equations. Therefore previous analyses have

  10. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Fact Sheet...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Fact Sheet Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Fact Sheet The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Energy...

  11. Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Grantees...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Grantees on Financing Programs Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Grantees on Financing...

  12. State Energy Program and Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Financing Program Guidance Grantee Letter Guidance For Energy Efficiency And Conservation Block Grant Grantees On Financing Programs...

  13. Minimum Aberration Blocking Schemes for 128-Run Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Hongquan; Mee, Robert W.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Split-Plot Fractional Factorial Designs, Journal of QualityAberration in Blocked Factorial Designs, Technometrics, 39,Blocked Regular Fractional Factorial Designs With Minimum

  14. Minimum Aberration Blocking Schemes for 128-Run Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hongquan Xu; Robert W. Mee

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Split-Plot Fractional Factorial Designs, Journal of QualityAberration in Blocked Factorial Designs, Technometrics, 39,Blocked Regular Fractional Factorial Designs With Minimum

  15. Poly(3-hexylthiophene)-block-poly(pyridinium phenylene)s: Block Polymers of p- and n-Type Semiconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swager, Timothy Manning

    Conjugated crystalline?crystalline donor?acceptor?donor block copolymer semiconductors, with regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) as a donor (p-type) block and poly(pyridinium pheneylene) as an acceptor (n-type) block within ...

  16. Study of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Gabrielle

    and Cell (MAC) method for the governing equations, transport of passive scalars like the pollutantStudy of Pollutant Dispersion in Urban Environments Razvan Corneliu Carbunescu Center head: Study of pollutant dispersion in urban environments #12;Abstract Computational simulations can

  17. Spatiotemporal Monitoring of Urban Vegetation Christopher Small

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Small, Christopher

    in vegetation abundance influence environmental conditions and energy fluxes by selective reflection and absorbtion of solar radiation, by modulation of evapotranspiration and by sequestration of pollutants of the urban/suburban environment. Vegetation influences urban environmental conditions and energy fluxes

  18. Urban waterfront : problems and potentials of Boston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hossain, Mohammad Iqbal

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The essence of this thesis is based on the fact that downtown waterfronts are special urban areas in a city. These areas offer unique opportunities for providing cultural and recreational public amenities to urban life. ...

  19. High-resolution urban thermal sharpener (HUTS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominguez, Anthony; Kleissl, Jan; Luvall, Jeffrey C; Rickman, Douglas L

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    theurbanheatislandofHouston,Texas, RemoteSensingofinfrared remotesensingandGIStoassestheurbanheatheatislandanalysis. PhotogrammetricEngineering&Remote

  20. Field crossings : hybridizing the urban park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cyphers, Scott M

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth and identity of urban open space is a vital issue facing our cities today. The development and revitalization of old industrial centers in the United States has prompted urban transformations in usage, densification ...

  1. URBAN LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM SUPPLEMENTAL PROGRAM APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    URBAN LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM SUPPLEMENTAL PROGRAM APPLICATION as part of your Graduate College application to the Urban Leadership Program/Supervisor: #12;Part 3: LEADERSHIP EXPERIENCES: Identify any educational leadership experiences

  2. Director Position Center for Urban Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Hüseyin

    Director Position Center for Urban Transportation The Center for Urban Transportation Research for state policymakers, transportation agencies, transportation professionals and the public. CUTR conducts of Transportation's Federal Transit Administration and Federal Highway Administration, the Florida Department

  3. Water Conservation with Urban Landscape Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hip, B. W.; Giordano, C.; Simpson, B.

    Water shortages are a common problem in much of the southwest. Increasing urbanization and increasing population places greater demands on dwindling water supplies. Over half of the water used in urban areas of the southwest is used...

  4. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    racial- ized poverty. He challenged the conventional wisdom that urban decline was the result of failed the roots of urban poverty in a hidden history of racial violence, discrimination, and deindustri- alization

  5. Urban regeneration : enabled by mobility centric architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Wayne Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary goal of this thesis is to develop a new urban architectural prototype to reinvigorate the British New Town. New models of adaptable, sustainable, architecture and urban design are explored with the ultimate ...

  6. Towards Militaristic Urban Planning: the Genealogy of the Post-Colonial European Approach to Social and Urban Insecurity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedjazi, Alexandre B; Fekkak, Hatem

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UrbanPlanning: the Genealogy of the Post-Colonial Europeanexperience, the British genealogy of city planning and urban

  7. Block-by-Block Growth of Single-Crystalline Si/SiGe Superlattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Peidong

    Letters Block-by-Block Growth of Single-Crystalline Si/SiGe Superlattice Nanowires Yiying Wu, Rong-defined compositional profile along the wire axis. Single-crystalline nanowires with longitudinal Si/SiGe superlattice-crystalline nano- wires with Si/SiGe superlattice structure are obtained and thoroughly characterized using

  8. An urban lake remediation experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Castelli, S.E.; Gardner, K.H.; Jennings, A.A.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Circumstances provided the opportunity to study a small urban lake as the surrounding municipalities attempted to improve its aesthetic quality by dredging. This manuscript focuses primarily on the sediments in the system: accumulation rates, the expected dynamics of the lake bed drying process, and the influence of the sediments on water quality.

  9. Urban/Suburban Landscape & Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dever, Jennifer A.

    of groundwater 5) Increased production of CO2 #12;3 Ground water pollution due to "storm run-off" - Construction.S. was fairly distinctly split into localized urban- industrial landscapes and widespread rural landscapes to development pressure in terms of housing, infrastructure and industry Impacting habitat cont. 1) Fragmentation

  10. The Center for Urban Entrepreneurship &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -commerce business models; effective communication for women in business; and technology transfer and countertradeThe Center for Urban Entrepreneurship & Economic Development (CUEED) Business Science Technology business.rutgers.edu Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey ­ founded 1766 Business Science Technology

  11. Urban Racial Segregation Measures Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Djonie, Jamil

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . Douglas Wunneburger, from the Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning for his guidance and support through the course of this research. His GIS classes have opened my eyes to a new powerful tool to analyze from a different view. I wish...

  12. A novel power block for CSP systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mittelman, Gur [ASP Ltd., Advanced Solar Power, Industrial Zone, Be'er Tuviyya (Israel); Epstein, Michael [Solar Research Facilities Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Concentrating Solar Thermal Power (CSP) and in particular parabolic trough, is a proven large-scale solar power technology. However, CSP cost is not yet competitive with conventional alternatives unless subsidized. Current CSP plants typically include a condensing steam cycle power block which was preferably designed for a continuous operation and higher operating conditions and therefore, limits the overall plant cost effectiveness and deployment. The drawbacks of this power block are as follows: (i) no power generation during low insolation periods (ii) expensive, large condenser (typically water cooled) due to the poor extracted steam properties (high specific volume, sub-atmospheric pressure) and (iii) high installation and operation costs. In the current study, a different power block scheme is proposed to eliminate these obstacles. This power block includes a top Rankine cycle with a back pressure steam turbine and a bottoming Kalina cycle comprising another back pressure turbine and using ammonia-water mixture as a working fluid. The bottoming (moderate temperature) cycle allows power production during low insolation periods. Because of the superior ammonia-water vapor properties, the condensing system requirements are much less demanding and the operation costs are lowered. Accordingly, air cooled condensers can be used with lower economical penalty. Another advantage is that back pressure steam turbines have a less complex design than condensing steam turbines which make their costs lower. All of these improvements could make the combined cycle unit more cost effective. This unit can be applicable in both parabolic trough and central receiver (solar tower) plants. The potential advantage of the new power block is illustrated by a detailed techno-economical analysis of two 50 MW parabolic trough power plants, comparing between the standard and the novel power block. The results indicate that the proposed plant suggests a 4-11% electricity cost saving. (author)

  13. Degradation versus self-assembly of block copolymer micelles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Muratov; Vladimir A. Baulin

    2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The stability of micelles self-assembled from block copolymers can be altered by the degradation of the blocks. Slow degradation shifts the equilibrium size distribution of block copolymer micelles and change their properties. Quasi-equilibrium scaling theory shows that the degradation of hydrophobic blocks in the core of micelles destabilize the micelles reducing their size, while the degradation of hydrophilic blocks forming coronas of micelles favors larger micelles and may, at certain conditions, induce the formation of micelles from individual chains.

  14. Self-doped microphase separated block copolymer electrolyte

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayes, Anne M. (Waltham, MA); Sadoway, Donald R. (Waltham, MA); Banerjee, Pallab (Boston, MA); Soo, Philip (Cambridge, MA); Huang, Biying (Cambridge, MA)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A polymer electrolyte includes a self-doped microphase separated block copolymer including at least one ionically conductive block and at least one second block that is immiscible in the ionically conductive block, an anion immobilized on the polymer electrolyte and a cationic species. The ionically conductive block provides a continuous ionically conductive pathway through the electrolyte. The electrolyte may be used as an electrolyte in an electrochemical cell.

  15. One (Block) Size Fits All: PIR and SPIR with Variable-Length Records via Multi-Block Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Ian

    One (Block) Size Fits All: PIR and SPIR with Variable-Length Records via Multi-Block Queries Ryan-theoretic private information retrieval (IT-PIR) scheme. Our new multi-block IT-PIR trades off some Byzantine costs within a small factor of the lowest possible. With our new multi-block IT-PIR protocol

  16. Working Paper Series Semantic building blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    . These results then suggest several new, theo- retically grounded, research areas. 1 Introduction SubtreeWorking Paper Series Semantic building blocks in genetic programming Nicholas Freitag Mc and Teaching Rodney A. Briggs Library Volume 3 Number 2 December 12, 2007 Faculty and Student Research

  17. Deformation behavior of cylindrical block copolymer bicrystals : pathway to understanding block copolymer grain boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wanakamol, Panitarn

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Model bicrystals made by adhering pieces of near-single-crystal styrene-isoprene-styrene (SIS) cylindrical block copolymer (BCP), produced by a roll-casting process; yield various types of pure tilt grain boundaries. The ...

  18. Boundaries to membranes : the urban project revisited : an urban strategy for Rio de Janeiro, Zona Norte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudek, Phebe (Phebe Helena Melania)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates urban boundaries in the North Zone of Rio de Janeiro. The Zona Norte transitioned in the last hundred years from a rural outskirts area of Rio, into its industrial hinterland, into a fully urbanized ...

  19. Urbanizing Watersheds and Changing River Flood Dynamics: Implications for Urban Wetland Restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmons, M.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urbanization alters river hydrology, morphology, water quality, and habitat and ecology. Most of these associated changes are due to an increase in impervious surface cover (ISC) throughout the watershed. But the spatial location of urban areas...

  20. Urban Parks: The Value of Small Urban Parks, Plazas and Other Outdoor Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafer, Carl Scott; Jacob, John

    2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    People need parks. Great urban parks are places where communities come together, people interact, and social capital develops. Learn the characteristics of great urban parks and how they are created....

  1. Urban settlement issues : observations from 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chih-chien, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations and summaries were made on 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries, carried out by members of the Urban Settlement Design Program (U.S.D.P.), at MIT. The focus of this study is in ...

  2. SproutslO Urban Microfarm : interactive indoor farming system for urban use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farah, Jennifer Broutin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SproutslO Urban Microfarm is an interactive farming system that enables people to reliably grow and access healthy produce in urban areas. The introduction of a localized system with the capacity to induce scalar impact ...

  3. An urban weather generator coupling a building simulation program with an urban canopy model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bueno Unzeta, Bruno

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The increase in air temperature observed in urban environments compared to the undeveloped rural surroundings, known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect, is being intensely studied, due to its adverse environmental and ...

  4. Research Summary A review of urban health, health inequalities and the role of urban forestry in Britain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research Summary A review of urban health, health inequalities and the role of urban forestry of Melbourne, Australia, to carry out a literature review of the role of urban forestry and its potential and health inequalities and identified the links between urban forestry and health in urban populations

  5. Parcel delivery and urban logistics-changes in urban courier, express and parcel services: the French (DUCRET, Raphalle; DELAITRE, Loc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Parcel delivery and urban logistics- changes in urban courier, express and parcel services PARCEL DELIVERY AND URBAN LOGISTICS- CHANGES IN URBAN COURIER, EXPRESS AND PARCEL SERVICES: THE FRENCH new logistic organisations. The purpose of this paper is to give an updated overview of the urban

  6. Strategies for systemic urban constructed wetlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balderas-Guzmn, Celina

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of ubiquitous impermeable surfaces, conventional water management and stormwater infrastructure, and the resultant degradation of natural hydrologic networks, most American urban areas have suffered severely ...

  7. An Inside Look at Bogot's Urban Renewal From Broad Urban Stories to Everyday Tales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    was considered the sixth-best city in Latin America to do business. Yet the process has not been free1 An Inside Look at Bogotá's Urban Renewal From Broad Urban Stories to Everyday Tales Camilo Andrés process of urban renewal that fostered the insertion of the city in the international scene. In order

  8. Faculty perceptions of presidential leadership in urban school reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClendon, Rodney Prescott

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The study examined urban university faculty members perceptions of their presidents leadership role in urban school reform. The population for this study consisted of faculty members from five urban research universities. All of the universities...

  9. Modeling Message Blocking and Deadlock in Interconnection Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinkston, Timothy M.

    Modeling Message Blocking and Deadlock in Interconnection Networks Sugath Warnakulasuriya. This model allows various types of message blocking to be represented precisely, including deadlock. Our model of deadlock distinguishes between messages involved in deadlock and those simply dependent

  10. Display blocks : cubic displays for multi-perspective visualizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pla i Conesa, Pol

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis details the design, execution and evaluation of a new type of display technology, known as Display Blocks. Display Blocks are a response to two major limitations of current displays: visualization and interaction. ...

  11. Variations in the manufacturing of Rockwell test blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vora, Jairaj Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research analyzes the variations occurring in the manufacturing of Rockwell hardness test blocks. Test blocks of different materials and hardness were analyzed and the variations were identified using the Ishikawa ...

  12. FREE ROCKING OF PRISMATIC BLOCKS By P. R. Lipscombe1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellegrino, Sergio

    FREE ROCKING OF PRISMATIC BLOCKS By P. R. Lipscombe1 and S. Pellegrino2 ABSTRACT: This paper. This cycle comes to an end when the block becomes vertical and starts to rotate again about A. Because some

  13. ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANTS PROGRAM NOTICE...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANTS PROGRAM NOTICE 10-012 ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANTS PROGRAM NOTICE 10-012 DAVIS-BACON ACT WAGE RATES FOR...

  14. ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM NOTICE...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM NOTICE 10-004A ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM NOTICE 10-004A REVISION: THIS GUIDANCE HAS BEEN AMENDED...

  15. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success Stories

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program's success stories including news articles, EERE Successes and EERE Blog entries.

  16. Three Pile Nim with Move Blocking Arthur Holshouser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiter, Harold

    Three Pile Nim with Move Blocking Arthur Holshouser 3600 Bullard St. Charlotte, NC, USA Harold hbreiter@email.uncc.edu 1 #12;Three Pile Nim with Blocking Nim, also known as Bouton's Nim, is a two player for ordinary nim. Specifically, we explore a three pile game with two players, a moving player and a blocking

  17. Conflicts between optimality criteria for block designs with low replication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, R. A.

    .a.bailey@qmul.ac.uk Ongoing joint work with Alia Sajjad and Peter Cameron 1/32 #12;What makes a block design goodConflicts between optimality criteria for block designs with low replication R. A. Bailey r for experiments? I have v treatments that I want to compare. I have b blocks, with space for k treatments (not

  18. Joint Traffic Blocking and Routing under Network Failures and Maintenances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yong

    Joint Traffic Blocking and Routing under Network Failures and Maintenances Chao Liang ECE Dept paths. Therefore, it is important to design ingress traffic blocking and routing jointly to achieve a good balance between the two factors. Working towards this goal, we formulate a joint ingress blocking

  19. Asymptotically minimum BER linear block precoders for MMSE equalisation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Tim

    ) [3]. For a general block transmission scheme, optimal detection requires a joint decisionAsymptotically minimum BER linear block precoders for MMSE equalisation S.S. Chan, T.N. Davidson and K.M. Wong Abstract: An asymptotically minimum bit error rate (BER) linear block precoder

  20. Organic photosensitive optoelectronic device having a phenanthroline exciton blocking layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Mark E. (Anaheim Hills, CA); Li, Jian (Los Angeles, CA); Forrest, Stephen (Princeton, NJ); Rand, Barry (Princeton, NJ)

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    An organic photosensitive optoelectronic device, having an anode, a cathode, and an organic blocking layer between the anode and the cathode is described, wherein the blocking layer comprises a phenanthroline derivative, and at least partially blocks at least one of excitons, electrons, and holes.

  1. Department of Electrical Engineering Spring 2011 Glass Block Solar Collector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    PENNSTATE Department of Electrical Engineering Spring 2011 Glass Block Solar Collector Overview of the team to incorporate solar collectors into glass blocks and provide an application for the collected energy. Objectives The team's objective was to deliver a working glass block solar collector

  2. Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Christopher

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban Building Energy Policy in India Christopher WilliamsUrban Building Energy Policy in India Christopher Williamsefficiency policies and programs in India are in an active

  3. Cultivation, Capital, and Contamination: Urban Agriculture in Oakland, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClintock, Nathan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    urban gardens. Land Contamination & Reclamation 12 Schiff,Potentially toxic metal contamination of urban soils andAlloway, B. J. 2004. Contamination of soils in domestic

  4. Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Wind Energy in Urban...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Wind Energy in Urban Environments Webinar (text version) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Wind Energy in Urban Environments...

  5. Urban agriculture is a gateway to healthy foods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prez, John A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    healthy tomorrow. Urban agriculture has multiple benefitsWestlake. 192 CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURE VOLUME 67 , NUMBER 4Editorial Urban agriculture is a gateway to healthy foods A

  6. Comparative Analysis of Urban Atmospheric Aerosol by Particle...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis of Urban Atmospheric Aerosol by Particle-Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE), Proton Elastic Scattering Analysis Comparative Analysis of Urban Atmospheric Aerosol by...

  7. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Housing and Urban Development The mission of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is to create strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality...

  8. Trucking Industry Demand for Urban Shared Use Freight Terminals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regan, Amelia C.; Golob, Thomas F.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Urban Shared Use Terminals Taniguchi, E. , M. Noritake,of public logistics terminals. Transportation Research Demand for Urban Shared Use Terminals References Aitchison,

  9. Applications of balanced incomplete block designs to organoleptic evaluations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawhon, James Talmage

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is expected to result in a greater degree of standardizat1on in the field. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS My gratitude is expressed to Dr. Charles E. Gates for his able guidance and for making his time available on numerous occasions to provide it. I would like also... FOR NINE TREATMENTS IN BLOCKS OF THREE UNITS Replication I Replication II Blocks Treatments Blocks Treatments 1-2-3 4-5-6 7-8-9 1-4-7 2-5-8 3-6-9 Replication III Replication IV Blocks Treatments Blocks Treatments 1-5-9 4-8-3 7-6-2 10 11 12...

  10. Help:Blocking users | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms AHefei Sungrow Power Supply CoAssigningBlocking

  11. Block Island Power Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher HomesLyonsBirchBlock Island Power Co Jump to:

  12. Block Island Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher HomesLyonsBirchBlock Island Power Co Jump

  13. CE 668 Urban Public Transportation Systems Reading List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    1 CE 668 Urban Public Transportation Systems Reading List General Reference Alan Black, Urban Mass Transportation Planning. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995. Canadian Urban Transit Association, The Canadian Transit.), Public Transportation. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1992. Vukan Vuchic, Urban Public Transportation

  14. Effective Fall 2014 Requirements for the Urban Architecture and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effective Fall 2014 8.20.14 Requirements for the Urban Architecture and Urban Design Specialization Required Core Courses: (13 credits) ________ ARCH 507 Sustainable Urbanism (3 credits) ________ ARCH 535 as part of the urban architecture specialization in Portland. In the case that one or more of these course

  15. Iron speciation in urban dust

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elzinga, E.J.; Fitts, J.; Gao, Y.; Tappero, R.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved understanding of anthropogenic impacts on ocean fertility requires knowledge of anthropogenic dust mineralogy and associated Fe speciation as a critical step toward developing Fe solubility models constrained by mineralogical composition. This study explored the utility of micro-focused X-ray absorption spectroscopy ({mu}-XAS) in characterizing the speciation of Fe in urban dust samples. A micro-focused beam of 10 x 7 {mu}m made possible the measurement of the Fe K edge XAS spectra of individual dust particles in the PM5.6 size fraction collected in Newark, New Jersey, USA. Spectral analysis indicated the presence of mixtures of Fe-containing minerals within individual dust particles; we observed significant magnetite content along with other Fe(III)-(hydr)oxide minerals which could not be conclusively identified. Our data indicate that detailed quantitative determination of Fe speciation requires extended energy scans to constrain the types and relative abundance of Fe species present. We observe heterogeneity in Fe speciation at the dust particle level, which underscores the importance of analyzing a statistically adequate number of particles within each dust sample. Where possible, {mu}-XAS measurements should be complemented with additional characterization techniques such as {mu}-XRD and bulk XAS to obtain a comprehensive picture of the Fe speciation in dust materials. X-ray microprobes should be used to complement bulk methods used to determine particle composition, methods that fail to record particle heterogeneity. Keywords - Urban dust; Iron; Speciation; Micro-focused X-ray absorption spectroscopy.

  16. A block-based scalable motion model for highly scalable video coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kao, Meng-Ping

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006. [45] J. Lee. Joint optimization of block size andjoint optimization on both MV accuracy and variable block

  17. Organic photovoltaic cell incorporating electron conducting exciton blocking layers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R.; Lassiter, Brian E.

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The present disclosure relates to photosensitive optoelectronic devices including a compound blocking layer located between an acceptor material and a cathode, the compound blocking layer including: at least one electron conducting material, and at least one wide-gap electron conducting exciton blocking layer. For example, 3,4,9,10 perylenetetracarboxylic bisbenzimidazole (PTCBI) and 1,4,5,8-napthalene-tetracarboxylic-dianhydride (NTCDA) function as electron conducting and exciton blocking layers when interposed between the acceptor layer and cathode. Both materials serve as efficient electron conductors, leading to a fill factor as high as 0.70. By using an NTCDA/PTCBI compound blocking layer structure increased power conversion efficiency is achieved, compared to an analogous device using a conventional blocking layers shown to conduct electrons via damage-induced midgap states.

  18. A nesting study of two populations of cardinals: urban and non-urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutac, Mary Florence

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Urban Area. 25 ~ NEST LOCATION T E R R I T 0 R Y POND CREEK BED TRAIL BUILDING / / / / / 9 0 ~ IDI 500 FEET Figure 3. Nest Sites and Estimated Territory Size for the Non-Urban Area. estimation was taken in 1968 and does not show... utilized, not just the nesting habitat. Nest Site Location Urban Area In the urban area, the mean height of the vegetation in which nests were built was 12. 0 feet (S. D. = + 8. 5, n = 16) with a range of 4-40 feet. 25% of the nests were built...

  19. GRADUATE STUDENT COURSE ASSIGNMENTS Block 0 Analysis ---Fefferman Week 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    Lewicka Weeks 1­8 Block 5 Apprentice Program --- Abert Babai May Weeks 1*­4 Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4­8) Bremer (7­8), Carstea, Gurski, Morris, Rule Block 5 (Apprentice) (weeks 1­4, possibly 5­8) Abouzaid and by mentoring group Name Block Weeks Mentoring Mohammed Abouzaid 5 4 weeks (first 4) Apprentice David Balduzzi 2

  20. The urban garden : Port Alliance, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Isaac Hall, 1958-

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on of three urban parks; Central Park i n New York , the Fens to Franklin Park in Boston, and Rock Creek Park in washington, designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and the growth of the cities around them. ...

  1. Controlling Tree Squirrels in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Wildlife Services

    2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In urban areas, tree squirrels can become pests when they eat pecans, berries, bird seed or vegetables from home gardens, or when they nest in attics. This leaflet discusses control of squirrels by fencing, trapping, poisoning and shooting....

  2. Urban solarium : thermal performance in Boston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Juliet Chia-Wen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis addresses the issue of energy efficiency through the lens of thermal performance in the context of urban housing in the city of Boston. Located in the historic brick row house neighborhood of the South End, the ...

  3. 5, 1118311213, 2005 simulation of urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    com-25 plex, and hence, it requires a special treatment. The surface energy balance is the 11184 #12/surfaces and urban districts such as city center, high buildings, industrial, and residential. Results showed strong

  4. Urban Decontamination Experience at Pripyat Ukraine - 13526

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paskevych, Sergiy [Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 36 a Kirova str. Chornobyl, Kiev region, 07200 (Ukraine)] [Institute for Safety Problems of Nuclear Power Plants, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 36 a Kirova str. Chornobyl, Kiev region, 07200 (Ukraine); Voropay, Dmitry [Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'Russian State Center of Inventory and Registration and Real Estate - Federal Bureau of Technical Inventory', 37-2 Bernadsky Prospekt, Moscow Russia 119415 (Russian Federation)] [Federal State Unitary Enterprise 'Russian State Center of Inventory and Registration and Real Estate - Federal Bureau of Technical Inventory', 37-2 Bernadsky Prospekt, Moscow Russia 119415 (Russian Federation); Schmieman, Eric [Battelle Memorial Institute, PO Box 999 MSIN K6-90, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)] [Battelle Memorial Institute, PO Box 999 MSIN K6-90, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the efficiency of radioactive decontamination activities of the urban landscape in the town of Pripyat, Ukraine. Different methods of treatment for various urban infrastructure and different radioactive contaminants are assessed. Long term changes in the radiation condition of decontaminated urban landscapes are evaluated: 1. Decontamination of the urban system requires the simultaneous application of multiple methods including mechanical, chemical, and biological. 2. If a large area has been contaminated, decontamination of local areas of a temporary nature. Over time, there is a repeated contamination of these sites due to wind transport from neighboring areas. 3. Involvement of earth-moving equipment and removal of top soil by industrial method achieves 20-fold reduction in the level of contamination by radioactive substances, but it leads to large amounts of waste (up to 1500 tons per hectare), and leads to the re-contamination of treated areas due to scatter when loading, transport pollutants on the wheels of vehicles, etc.. (authors)

  5. Methods for Allocating Urban Emergency Units

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaiken, Jan M.

    An urban emergency service system provides mobile units (vehicles) to respond to requests for service which can occur at any time and any place throughout a city. This paper surveys recent quantitative work aimed at improving ...

  6. Ecotransology : integrated design for urban mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachim, Mitchell Whitney

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis demonstrates a rethinking of urban mobility through ecological design. Human mobility and ecological accountability are inextricably linked in city design; our current world ecological crisis underscores this ...

  7. Sustainable and equitable urban environments in Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badshah, Akhtar

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study identifies some of the factors and conditions that can encourage the development of sustainable and equitable urban environments. It argues that cities will continue to grow and that it is not productive to view ...

  8. Browse : re-forming the urban library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baron, Sandra Ann

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The urban library has persisted as a cultural entity, largely because its interiorized form functions as a vault, creating a clear, although often intimidating, boundary between library program and the public realm. While ...

  9. Metromorphosis : evolution on the urban island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vezina, Kenrick (Kenrick Freitas)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cities are very much alive. Like islands, they provide a natural testing ground for evolution. With more than half of the world's population living in urban areas now, the influence cities have on the planet's life is ...

  10. Webinar: Tapping Into Wind in Urban Environments

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This live webinar presented by DOE on"Community Renewable Energy Success Stories: Tapping into Wind in Urban Environments" will take placeon Tuesday, September 18, 2012, from 3:00 4:15 p.m....

  11. Horners Syndrome after Superficial Cervical Plexus Block

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores, MD, Stefan; Riguzzi, MD, Christine; Herring, MD, Andrew A.; Nagdev, MD, Arun

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cervical plexus block for anesthesia and analgesia ininvasive parathyroidectomy. Anesthesia and Analgesia. 2007;complication of regional anesthesia in neck region such as

  12. Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Grantees...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Grant Grantees on Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds and New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Grantees on Qualified Energy...

  13. Efficient Block-coordinate Descent Algorithms for the Group Lasso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhiwei (Tony) Qin

    2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Nov 10, 2010 ... First, we propose a general version of the Block Coordinate Descent (BCD) algorithm for the Group Lasso that employs an efficient approach...

  14. GUIDANCE FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT RECIPIENTS...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This document provides guidance for energy efficiency and block grant recipients on closeout procedures for non-state energy office recipients. eecbgcloseoutguidance10-11-11.pdf...

  15. Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program Guidance 10-011 dealing with formula grants. eecbgrecoveryactprogramguidance10-011.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  16. A Block Coordinate Variable Metric Forward-Backward Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A standard approach for solving (1) in this context consists of using a Block ...... H.H., Combettes, P.L., Noll, D.: Joint minimization with alternating Bregman.

  17. atrioventricular block induced: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Semiconductor) ) (Complimentary MOS block A B Die 12; 3 12;VLSI LSI MSI SSI TTL (Transistor, Transistor Logic) ECL (Emitter Kavousianos, Xrysovalantis 144...

  18. armour blocks part: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Semiconductor) ) (Complimentary MOS block A B Die 12; 3 12;VLSI LSI MSI SSI TTL (Transistor, Transistor Logic) ECL (Emitter Kavousianos, Xrysovalantis 128...

  19. acid block copolymer: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    H. Cheng, M. Olvera de la Cruz, "Hydrophobic-Charged Block Copolymer Micelles Induced by Materials Science Websites Summary: surface. The electrostatic attraction between the...

  20. Proton Channel Orientation in Block-Copolymer Electrolyte Membranes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Proton Channel Orientation in Block-Copolymer Electrolyte Membranes Print Fuel cells have the potential to provide power for a wide variety of applications ranging from electronic...

  1. Equity Effects of Increasing-Block Electricity Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evidence from Residential Electricity Demand, Review ofLester D. The Demand for Electricity: A Survey, The BellResidential Demand for Electricity under Inverted Block

  2. Microsoft Word - DSI Block 12_05_08.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DIALOGUE IP BLOCK SALE TEMPLATE 120508 POWER SALES AGREEMENT executed by the BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION and FULL NAME OF CUSTOMER Table of Contents Section Page 1. Term...

  3. BLOCK DIAGONALLY DOMINANT POSITIVE DEFINITE APPROXIMATE FILTERS AND SMOOTHERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BLOCK DIAGONALLY DOMINANT POSITIVE DEFINITE APPROXIMATE FILTERS AND SMOOTHERS Running title: BLOCKciently small as to preclude the loss of positive de#12;niteness in the approximate equations. Therefore

  4. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Financing Program...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Energy's ongoing role in the monitoring, reporting, and oversight of Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant-funded financing programs, including Revolving Loan...

  5. Net Requirements Transparency Process for Slice/Block Customers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2012 Net Requirements Transparency Process for SliceBlock Customers Description of Changes and a Response to Comments September 24, 2012 Background and Description of Changes:...

  6. Optimization Online - Stochastic Quasi-Fejr Block-Coordinate Fixed ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick L. Combettes

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Apr 29, 2014 ... Stochastic Quasi-Fejr Block-Coordinate Fixed Point Iterations with Random Sweeping. Patrick L. Combettes (plc ***at*** math.jussieu.fr)

  7. Coordination polymers and building blocks based on ditopic heteroscorpionate ligands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santillan, Guillermo A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Silver (I) Coordination Polymers formed through hydrogenBlocks for Coordination Polymers Inorg. Chem. *One of theof Silver(I) Coordination Polymers Formed through Hydrogen

  8. Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Recipients...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Guidelines Guidance for Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program grantees on planning and conducting program evaluations on Recovery Act funded EECBG programs...

  9. Microsoft Word - BPA analysis summarizing CFAC block contract...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Agreement (Block Contract) to Columbia Falls Aluminum Company (CFAC), an aluminum smelter in Columbia Falls, Montana, at the Industrial Power (IP) rate and how it comports...

  10. Blocked Regular Fractional Factorial Designs With Minimum Aberration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hongquan Xu

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on 2 n?k fractional factorial designs and search for minimumaberration frac- tional factorial designs. Biometrika 90aberration in blocked factorial designs. Technometrics 39

  11. Blocked Regular Fractional Factorial Designs With Minimum Aberration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Hongquan

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on 2 n?k fractional factorial designs and search for minimumaberration frac- tional factorial designs. Biometrika 90aberration in blocked factorial designs. Technometrics 39

  12. Urban Water Conservation along the Rio Grande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silvey, Valeen; Kaiser, Ronald; Lesikar, Bruce; Runyan, Craig

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban Water Conservation along the Rio Grande THE TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY SYSTEM NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY An Inventory of Water Conservation Programs TR 269 SP 201 Valeen Silvy, 1 Ronald Kaiser, 2 Bruce Lesikar 3 and Craig Runyan... water running into the streets from irrigation systems. Urban water conservation incorporates water- saving measures and incentives for the home, on the landscape and throughout the city water distribution system. It is easy to differentiate be...

  13. Poly(lactide)-block-poly([epsilon]-caprolactone-co-[epsilon]-decalactone)-block-poly(lactide) copolymer elastomers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneiderman, Deborah K.; Hill, Erin M.; Martello, Mark T.; Hillmyer, Marc A. (UMM)

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Batch ring opening transesterification copolymerization of ?-caprolactone and ?-decalactone was used to generate statistical copolymers over a wide range of compositions and molar masses. Reactivity ratios determined for this monomer pair, rCL = 5.9 and rDL = 0.03, reveal ?-caprolactone is added preferentially regardless of the propagating chain end. Relative to poly(?-caprolactone) the crystallinity and melting point of these statistical copolymers were depressed by the addition of ?-decalactone; copolymers containing greater than 31 mol% (46 wt%) ?-decalactone were amorphous. Poly(lactide)-block-poly(?-caprolactone-co-?-decalactone)-block-poly(lactide) triblock polymers were also prepared and used to explore the influence of midblock composition on the temperature dependent Flory-Huggins interaction parameter (?). In addition, uniaxial extension tests were used to determine the effects of midblock composition, poly(lactide) content, and molar mass on the mechanical properties of these new elastomeric triblocks.

  14. Scaling the Daytime Urban Heat Island and Urban-Breeze Circulation JULIA HIDALGO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurlien

    an atmospheric numerical model coupled with an urban surface energy balance (SEB) model. For example, simulations atmospheric Nonhydrostatic Meso- scale (Meso-NH) model (Lafore et al. 1998) with a Town Energy Balance urban parameters chosen were the size of the city, the height of the thermal inversion topping the mixed turbulent

  15. 2007 Urban Remote Sensing Joint Event Application of satellite Remote Sensing for Urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2007 Urban Remote Sensing Joint Event Application of satellite Remote Sensing for Urban Risk Analysis: a case study of the 2003 extreme heat wave in Paris Bénédicte Dousset Hawaii Institute@ogs.trieste.it Abstract ­ Satellite observations are used to monitor the August 2003 heat wave in Paris

  16. THE IMPACTS OF URBANIZATION/URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE CLIMATE OF PUERTO RICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    THE IMPACTS OF URBANIZATION/URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE CLIMATE OF PUERTO RICO Angel R. Torres Valcarcel MPH Ph.D Jos R. Acosta #380 Roosevelt, Hato Rey Puerto Rico atorresv09@gmail.com A detailed analysis of century-scale climate change for Puerto Rico was done to assess the degree to which some

  17. Iron Speciation in Urban Dust

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    E Elzinga; Y Gao; J Fitts; R Tappero

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved understanding of anthropogenic impacts on ocean fertility requires knowledge of anthropogenic dust mineralogy and associated Fe speciation as a critical step toward developing Fe solubility models constrained by mineralogical composition. This study explored the utility of micro-focused X-ray absorption spectroscopy ({mu}-XAS) in characterizing the speciation of Fe in urban dust samples. A micro-focused beam of 10 x 7 {micro}m made possible the measurement of the Fe K edge XAS spectra of individual dust particles in the PM5.6 size fraction collected in Newark, New Jersey, USA. Spectral analysis indicated the presence of mixtures of Fe-containing minerals within individual dust particles; we observed significant magnetite content along with other Fe(III)-(hydr)oxide minerals which could not be conclusively identified. Our data indicate that detailed quantitative determination of Fe speciation requires extended energy scans to constrain the types and relative abundance of Fe species present. We observe heterogeneity in Fe speciation at the dust particle level, which underscores the importance of analyzing a statistically adequate number of particles within each dust sample. Where possible, {mu}-XAS measurements should be complemented with additional characterization techniques such as {mu}-XRD and bulk XAS to obtain a comprehensive picture of the Fe speciation in dust materials. X-ray microprobes should be used to complement bulk methods used to determine particle composition, methods that fail to record particle heterogeneity.

  18. BLIND RECOGNITION OF LINEAR SPACE TIME BLOCK CODES Vincent Choqueuse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    BLIND RECOGNITION OF LINEAR SPACE TIME BLOCK CODES Vincent Choqueuse E3 I2 , EA 3876, ENSIETA 2 6165, UBO 6, avenue le Gorgeu, 29200 Brest Cedex 3 FRANCE ABSTRACT The blind recognition. In this paper, we investigate the problem of the blind recognition of Linear Space-Time Block Codes (STBC

  19. INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO. Staff on the Vale Village try to ensure and cleaned to a high standard. Please make sure that you complete this inventory and note down anything which seat x 1 Toilet roll holder x 1 INVENTORY FOR SHACKLETON FLAT NO: BLOCK NO: ROOM NO: NAME: TELEPHONE

  20. INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO. Staff on the Vale Village try to ensure and cleaned to a high standard. Please make sure that you complete this inventory and note down anything which Toilet seat x 1 Toilet roll holder x 1 INVENTORY FOR MASON FLAT NO: BLOCK NO: ROOM NO: NAME: TELEPHONE

  1. INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO. Staff on the Vale Village try to ensure and cleaned to a high standard. Please make sure that you complete this inventory and note down anything which holder x 1 INVENTORY FOR TENNIS COURT BLOCK NO: FLAT NO: ROOM NO: NAME: TELEPHONE EXT. NO: #12;How

  2. INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO. Staff on the Vale Village try to ensure and cleaned to a high standard. Please make sure that you complete this inventory and note down anything which Toilet seat x 1 Toilet roll holder x 1 INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO: BLOCK NO: ROOM NO: NAME

  3. INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    INVENTORY FOR ELGAR COURT FLAT NO. BLOCK NO. ROOM NO. Staff on the Vale Village try to ensure and cleaned to a high standard. Please make sure that you complete this inventory and note down anything which rail x 1 INVENTORY FOR MAPLE BANK FLAT NO: BLOCK NO: ROOM NO: NAME: TELEPHONE EXT. NO: #12;How

  4. Conflicts between optimality criteria for block designs with low replication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, R. A.

    Conflicts between optimality criteria for block designs with low replication R. A. Bailey r.a.bailey@qmul.ac.uk International Biometric Congress, Florianopolis, 2010 Ongoing joint work with Alia Sajjad and Peter Cameron 1/18 #12;What makes a block design good for experiments? I have v treatments that I want to compare. I have

  5. Estimation and prediction in spatial models with block composite likelihoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, Brian J.

    Estimation and prediction in spatial models with block composite likelihoods Jo Eidsvik1 , Benjamin, IA 50011, U.S.A. (niemi@iastate.edu) 1 #12;Abstract A block composite likelihood is developed for estimation and prediction in large spatial datasets. The composite likelihood is constructed from the joint

  6. Block-LDPC: A Practical LDPC Coding System Design Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tong

    1 Block-LDPC: A Practical LDPC Coding System Design Approach Hao Zhong, Student Member, IEEE, and Tong Zhang, Member, IEEE Abstract-- This paper presents a joint low-density parity-check (LDPC) code-encoder-decoder design approach, called Block- LDPC, for practical LDPC coding system implementations. The key idea

  7. New block preconditioners for saddle point problems List of authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    New block preconditioners for saddle point problems List of authors: Michele Benzi 1 In this talk I will describe a class of block preconditioners for linear systems in saddle point form. The main focus with respect to problem parameters will be discussed, together with the effect of inexact solves. This is joint

  8. Experimenting with Shu le Block Cipher and SMT Martin Stanek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experimenting with Shu le Block Cipher and SMT Solvers Martin Stanek Department of Computer Science, and we call it the Shu e Block Cipher. We show how the cipher can be translated into SMT-LIB v2 format, suitable for automated solving by SMT solvers. We compare performance of various SMT solvers

  9. Piezoelectric Properties of Non-Polar Block Copolymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pester, Christian [RWTH Aachen University; Ruppel, Markus A [ORNL; Schoberth, Heiko [University of Bayreuth; Schmidt, K. [Universitat Bayreuth; Liedel, Clemens [RWTH Aachen University; Van Rijn, Patrick [RWTH Aachen University; Littrell, Ken [ORNL; Schindler, Kerstin [RWTH Aachen University; Hiltl, Stephanie [RWTH Aachen University; Czubak, Thomas [RWTH Aachen University; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; Boker, Alexander [RWTH Aachen University

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Piezoelectric properties in non-polar block copolymers are a novelty in the field of electroactive polymers. The piezoelectric susceptibility of poly(styrene-b-isoprene) block copolymer lamellae is found to be up to an order of magnitude higher when compared to classic piezoelectric materials. The electroactive response increases with temperature and is found to be strongest in the disordered phase.

  10. Electric Field Induced Selective Disordering in Lamellar Block Copolymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruppel, Markus A [ORNL; Pester, Christian W [ORNL; Langner, Karol M [Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, The Netherlands; Sevink, Geert [Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, The Netherlands; Schoberth, Heiko [University of Bayreuth; Schmidt, Kristin [ORNL; Urban, Volker S [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Boker, Alexander [RWTH Aachen University

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    External electric fields align nanostructured block copolymers by either rotation of grains or nucleation and growth depending on how strongly the chemically distinct block copolymer components are segregated. In close vicinity to the orderdisorder transition, theory and simulations suggest a third mechanism: selective disordering. We present a time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering study that demonstrates how an electric field can indeed selectively disintegrate ill-aligned lamellae in a lyotropic block copolymer solution, while lamellae with interfaces oriented parallel to the applied field prevail. The present study adds an additional mechanism to the experimentally corroborated suite of mechanistic pathways, by which nanostructured block copolymers can align with an electric field. Our results further unveil the benefit of electric field assisted annealing for mitigating orientational disorder and topological defects in block copolymer mesophases, both in close vicinity to the orderdisorder transition and well below it.

  11. Block copolymer nanolithography for the fabrication of patterned media.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warke, Vishal V [ORNL; Bakker, Martin G [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Britt, Phillip F [ORNL; Li, Xuefa [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Wang, Jin [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Bit patterned perpendicular media has the potential to increase the density of magnetic recording beyond what can be achieved by granular media. Self assembling diblock copolymers are of interest as templates for patterned media, as they potentially provide a low cost fabrication route. A method to fabricate the desired pattern using cylinder forming diblock copolymers of (PS-b-PMMA) as template is reported. Upon phase separation hexagonally packed cylinders of the minority phase (PMMA) surrounded by the continuous majority phase (PS) are obtained. The processing sequence began with spin coating the block copolymer on a suitable substrate, followed by annealing the block copolymer thin film in vacuum to orient it perpendicular to the substrate. Block copolymer templates were obtained by glacial acetic acid treatment which opened the pores in the block copolymer thin film. Ni was electrodeposited in the block copolymer templates and this pattern was then transferred onto the underlying substrate by ion milling

  12. Position Information Job Title Extension Assistant/Associate Professor -Urban Forestry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    Position Information Job Title Extension Assistant/Associate Professor - Urban Forestry Department field of urban forestry, with a focus on urbanization and changing land use. Potential topics include faculty. Extension responsibilities include developing and coordinating a statewide urban forestry

  13. New adhesive systems based on functionalized block copolymers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kent, M.; Saunders, R.; Hurst, M.; Small, J.; Emerson, J.; Zamora, D.

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this work was to evaluate chemically-functionalized block copolymers as adhesion promoters for metal/thermoset resin interfaces. Novel block copolymers were synthesized which contain pendant functional groups reactive toward copper and epoxy resins. In particular, imidazole and triazole functionalities that chelate with copper were incorporated onto one block, while secondary amines were incorporated onto the second block. These copolymers were found to self-assemble from solution onto copper surfaces to form monolayers. The structure of the adsorbed monolayers were studied in detail by neutron reflection and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The monolayer structure was found to vary markedly with the solution conditions and adsorption protocol. Appropriate conditions were found for which the two blocks form separate layers on the surface with the amine functionalized block exposed at the air surface. Adhesion testing of block copolymer-coated copper with epoxy resins was performed in both lap shear and peel modes. Modest enhancements in bond strengths were observed with the block copolymer applied to the native oxide. However, it was discovered that the native oxide is the weak link, and that by simply removing the native oxide, and then applying an epoxy resin before the native oxide can reform, excellent bond strength in the as-prepared state as well as excellent retention of bond strength after exposure to solder in ambient conditions are obtained. It is recommended that long term aging studies be performed with and without the block copolymer. In addition, the functionalized block copolymer method should be evaluated for another system that has inherently poor bonding, such as the nickel/silicone interface, and for systems involving metals and alloys which form oxides very rapidly, such as aluminum and stainless steel, where bonding strategies involve stabilizing the native oxide.

  14. Constructing a GIS-based 3D urban model using LiDAR and aerial photographs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Wei-Ming

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ; Rau and Chen 2001; Shiode 2001; Zhou et al. 2004). The 3D urban modeling technique enables urban residents to visualize future urban construction and development. It also supports standard activities of urban design and city planning and allows... of geometric information about urban objects, and it is an efficient tool for designing and creating urban objects (Sinning-Meister et al 1996). The contemporary CAD systems also offer full 3D rendering capability to visualize urban objects and the urban...

  15. Solar hydrogen for urban trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Provenzano, J.: Scott, P.B.; Zweig, R. [Clean Air Now, Northridge, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clean Air Now (CAN) Solar Hydrogen Project, located at Xerox Corp., El Segundo, California, includes solar photovoltaic powered hydrogen generation, compression, storage and end use. Three modified Ford Ranger trucks use the hydrogen fuel. The stand-alone electrolyzer and hydrogen dispensing system are solely powered by a photovoltaic array. A variable frequency DC-AC converter steps up the voltage to drive the 15 horsepower compressor motor. On site storage is available for up to 14,000 standard cubic feet (SCF) of solar hydrogen, and up to 80,000 SCF of commercial hydrogen. The project is 3 miles from Los Angeles International airport. The engine conversions are bored to 2.9 liter displacement and are supercharged. Performance is similar to that of the Ranger gasoline powered truck. Fuel is stored in carbon composite tanks (just behind the driver`s cab) at pressures up to 3600 psi. Truck range is 144 miles, given 3600 psi of hydrogen. The engine operates in lean burn mode, with nil CO and HC emissions. NO{sub x} emissions vary with load and rpm in the range from 10 to 100 ppm, yielding total emissions at a small fraction of the ULEV standard. Two trucks have been converted for the Xerox fleet, and one for the City of West Hollywood. A public outreach program, done in conjunction with the local public schools and the Department of Energy, introduces the local public to the advantages of hydrogen fuel technologies. The Clean Air Now program demonstrates that hydrogen powered fleet development is an appropriate, safe, and effective strategy for improvement of urban air quality, energy security and avoidance of global warming impact. Continued technology development and cost reduction promises to make such implementation market competitive.

  16. Structural behavior of silicone bonded glass block panels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, K.F. [Structural Engineering Associates, Inc., San Antonio, TX (United States); Sandberg, L.B. [Michigan Technological Univ. Houghton, MI (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicone sealant was submitted for mortar in bonding glass blocks. The sealant`s tensile and shear strengths and stiffnesses were determined. Joints bonding two glass blocks were tested for stiffness and strength in tension, bending, out-of-plane shear, and in-plane shear. Bending tests were done on specimens one block wide and four blocks long to evaluate one-way bending behavior. A six block by six block panel, supported on all four sides, was built and tested under simulated wind load. An analytical model with material nonlinearity in the joints was developed for the one-way bending case. It gave good comparisons with the experimental data to load levels approaching failure. A more complex analytical model was developed for the two-way panel. It was only valid for lower load levels, in the range of potential allowable design loads, but compared well with test results. Silicone bonded glass block panels have potential for meeting the wind load requirements necessary for exterior use.

  17. NANOSTRUCTURED METAL OXIDE CATALYSTS VIA BUILDING BLOCK SYNTHESES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig E. Barnes

    2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A broadly applicable methodology has been developed to prepare new single site catalysts on silica supports. This methodology requires of three critical components: a rigid building block that will be the main structural and compositional component of the support matrix; a family of linking reagents that will be used to insert active metals into the matrix as well as cross link building blocks into a three dimensional matrix; and a clean coupling reaction that will connect building blocks and linking agents together in a controlled fashion. The final piece of conceptual strategy at the center of this methodology involves dosing the building block with known amounts of linking agents so that the targeted connectivity of a linking center to surrounding building blocks is obtained. Achieving targeted connectivities around catalytically active metals in these building block matrices is a critical element of the strategy by which single site catalysts are obtained. This methodology has been demonstrated with a model system involving only silicon and then with two metal-containing systems (titanium and vanadium). The effect that connectivity has on the reactivity of atomically dispersed titanium sites in silica building block matrices has been investigated in the selective oxidation of phenols to benezoquinones. 2-connected titanium sites are found to be five times as active (i.e. initial turnover frequencies) than 4-connected titanium sites (i.e. framework titanium sites).

  18. ELECTRICAL IMAGING AT THE LARGE BLOCK TEST YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Ramirez

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A monolithic block of densely welded tuff was excavated from a site on Fran Ridge near Yucca Mountain, Nevada so that coupled thermohydrological processes could be studied in a controlled, in situ experiment. A series of heaters were placed in a horizontal plane about 3 m from the top of the 3 m by 3 m by 4.5 m high block. Temperatures were measured at many points within and on the block surface and a suite of other measurements were taken to define the thermal and hydrologic response. Electrical resistance tomography (ERT) was used to map 2 dimensional images of moisture content changes along four planes in the block. The ERT images clearly delineate the drying and wetting of the rockmass during the 13 months of heating and subsequent six months of cool down. The main feature is a prominent dry zone that forms around the heaters then gradually disappears as the rock cools down. Other features include linear anomalies of decreasing moisture content which are fractures dehydrating as the block heats up. There are also examples of compact anomalies of wetting. Some of these appear to be water accumulation in fractures which are draining condensate from the block. Others may be rain water entering a fracture at the top of the block. During cooldown a general rewetting is observed although this is less certain because of poor data quality during this stage of the experiment.

  19. Architecture of the rail : exploring the potential of urban infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iboshi, Gregory Kenji

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is the pursuit of a sensitivity for the relationship between urban infrastructure and architectural form, an attempt to restore a quality of "publicness" in the urban landscape through the implementation of a ...

  20. Transportation planning for mega events : a model of urban change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassens, Eva

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    My study is about opportunities for revolutionary developments in urban transport. Often, we think of transport and urban development as an evolutionary process, yet there exist a few opportunities for cities to revolutionize ...

  1. Digital places : rethinking urban elements : the case of the tower

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gichuhi, Christopher M. (Christopher Mwethera), 1976-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Problem - How can we make working, living and all aspects of our life in the urban tower more palatable? How can we create environment at the urban tower scale. With technology as one of the biggest drivers of social and ...

  2. Modernity of Chinese urban neighborhoods : toward new spatial forms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Qian, 1973-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is always a general dilemma about how to balance technology and humanity in urban neighborhood development. Modem technology creates many new spatial forms for Chinese urban neighborhoods, but it also destroys many ...

  3. Exploding the edge : inversions into the urban landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chia, Katherine Kai-sun

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the relationship between building and green space in a dense urban environment in order to create a humane contemplative experience of individual and collective memory. The urban environment has the ...

  4. Effects of urbanization on stream channel morpology, Madisonville, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Daniel Lee

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis investigates the effects of urban development on two small streams near Madisonville, Texas. One stream is natural and used as a control against which Town Branch, the urbanized stream, is compared. Changes in width, depth, and channel...

  5. Approximate translation : media, narrative, and experience in urban design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisman, Jonathan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximate translation is developed as a design process through which the place-embedded history of an urban environment can be understood, allowing for better design and intervention in that urban environment. Generally, ...

  6. IS URBAN LOGISTICS POOLING VIABLE? A MULTISTAKEHOLDER MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    IS URBAN LOGISTICS POOLING VIABLE? A MULTISTAKEHOLDER MULTICRITERIA ANALYSIS Jesus Gonzalez. Urban consolidation and logistics sharing. III. Multi-stakeholder mutli-criteria methodology. A of application. V. Conclusion. ABSTRACT Collaborative transportation and logistics pooling are relatively new

  7. alleviating urban energy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2012-11-29 17 Operational energy consumption and GHG emissions in residential sector in urban China : an empirical study in Jinan MIT - DSpace Summary: Driven by rapid urbanization...

  8. Insects in urban brownfields Analyses of species occurrences,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleyer, Michael

    Insects in urban brownfields Analyses of species occurrences, community composition, and trait brownfields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.4 Habitat models forces for insects in urban brownfields 41 4.1 Introduction

  9. Camera for the invisible : toward a toolkit for urban exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Jay (Jay Saul)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We are disconnected from our environment. We can't reconnect because we can't even see the Nature within our urban surroundings. Inspired by urban explorers and Nature Awareness traditions, I will develop methodologies and ...

  10. Lakeside: Merging Urban Design with Scientific Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guzowski, Leah; Catlett, Charlie; Woodbury, Ed

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago are developing tools that merge urban design with scientific analysis to improve the decision-making process associated with large-scale urban developments. One such tool, called LakeSim, has been prototyped with an initial focus on consumer-driven energy and transportation demand, through a partnership with the Chicago-based architectural and engineering design firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Clean Energy Trust and developer McCaffery Interests. LakeSim began with the need to answer practical questions about urban design and planning, requiring a better understanding about the long-term impact of design decisions on energy and transportation demand for a 600-acre development project on Chicago's South Side - the Chicago Lakeside Development project.

  11. Lakeside: Merging Urban Design with Scientific Analysis

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Guzowski, Leah; Catlett, Charlie; Woodbury, Ed

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago are developing tools that merge urban design with scientific analysis to improve the decision-making process associated with large-scale urban developments. One such tool, called LakeSim, has been prototyped with an initial focus on consumer-driven energy and transportation demand, through a partnership with the Chicago-based architectural and engineering design firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, Clean Energy Trust and developer McCaffery Interests. LakeSim began with the need to answer practical questions about urban design and planning, requiring a better understanding about the long-term impact of design decisions on energy and transportation demand for a 600-acre development project on Chicago's South Side - the Chicago Lakeside Development project.

  12. GRADUATE STUDENT COURSE ASSIGNMENTS Block 1 Discrete mathematics ---Babai Weeks 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    Products on spaces --- Angeltveit Weeks 5­8 Block 6 Number Theory (Apprentice) --- Babai Weeks 1*­4 Week 1, Guillou, Johnson, Lind Block 4b (Angeltveit) (weeks 5­8) Bohmann, Johnson, Lind Block 5 (Apprentice by block and by mentoring group Name (28) weeks Block Mentoring Alan Anders 8 3b, 3c Apprentice Sundeep

  13. Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change, by Peter Calthorpe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyungkyoo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    another Green Urbanism (Beatley 1999), all of which shareVolume 26, 2013 References Beatley, Timothy. 1999. Green

  14. Did the Paleo-Asian Ocean between North China Block and Mongolia Block exist during the late Paleozoic? First paleomagnetic evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Did the Paleo-Asian Ocean between North China Block and Mongolia Block exist during the late Paleozoic? First paleomagnetic evidence from central-eastern Inner Mongolia, China Pan Zhao,1,2 Yan Chen,2-Asian Ocean between the North China Block (NCB) and the Mongolia Block (MOB) is a contentious issue

  15. Robot task planning in a non-ideal blocks world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangadass, Vasudev

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this non ? simple support. The difference between a simple support and a non-simple support is shown in figures 2 and 3 respectively. D Fig. 2 Simp/e support. Figure 2 shows a simple support which is a lower pair contact, i. e only face ? face contact...). A 8 B, the blocks in our robot world are represented as schemas. These hold all the information about the blocks like weight, position, dimensions etc. An example schema of block A is shown below. IS-A: CUBOID HAS-FACES: A-F1 A-F2 A-F3 A-F4 A-F5...

  16. Block copolymer adhesion promoters via ring-opening metathesis polymerization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kent, M.S.; Saunders, R.

    1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Coupling agents are disclosed based on functionalized block copolymers for bonding thermoset polymers to solid materials. These are polymers which possess at least two types of functional groups, one which is able to attach to and react with solid surfaces, and another which can react with a thermoset resin, which are incorporated as pendant groups in monomers distributed in blocks (typically two) along the backbone of the chain. The block copolymers in this invention are synthesized by living ring-opening metathesis polymerization. 18 figs.

  17. Volker Urban | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening aTurbulenceUtilize AvailableMedia1.1 TheVolker Urban Volker Urban

  18. Sustainable Urbanism : an examination of environmentally responsible neighborhood developments in Europe and lessons for sustainable urban planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasioumi, Eirini

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The emergence of the sustainable development concept at the end of the 1980s triggered the intensification of the environmental sustainability discourse in urban design and planning. The vision of sustainable urbanism ...

  19. 10th Urban Environment Symposium, 9-11 June 2010, Gothenburg, Sweden Environmental impact assessment of urban mobility plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , Urban Futures for a Sustainable World, Gteborg : Sweden (2010)" #12;health impacts, and (ii10th Urban Environment Symposium, 9-11 June 2010, Gothenburg, Sweden Environmental impact, energy consumption, greenhouse gas emission) numerical simulations with a chain of physically

  20. Urban Consortium Energy Task Force - Year 21 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Urban Consortium Energy Task Force (UCETF), comprised of representatives of large cities and counties in the United States, is a subgroup of the Urban Consortium, an organization of the nation's largest cities and counties joined together to identify, develop and deploy innovative approaches and technological solutions to pressing urban issues.

  1. The Urban Heat Island: Linking Science, Society, and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    The Urban Heat Island: Linking Science, Society, and Technology Living in the desert has always much heat. As Phoenix has grown, the natural environment has been transformed from native desert: Investigate the Urban Heat Island phenomenon Explore the impact of the Urban Heat Island on people and other

  2. URBAN EXTENTS P a c i f i c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    URBAN EXTENTS Argentina Bolivia Chile Colombia Guyana Peru Paraguay Suriname Uruguay Venezuela Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project (GRUMP), Population Density Boundaries Note: National boundaries are derived from the population grids and thus may appear coarse. Urban

  3. Stocrestr Cymru o Goed Trefol Wales Inventory of Urban Trees

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocrestr Cymru o Goed Trefol Wales Inventory of Urban Trees #12;31/01/20132 Wales Inventory Inventory of Urban Trees To improve our understanding of distribution and canopy cover of urban trees and woodlands Provide a base-line to monitor change over time Intention is that inventory will also be of use

  4. URBAN LOGISTICS BY RAIL AND WATERWAYS IN FRANCE AND JAPAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 URBAN LOGISTICS BY RAIL AND WATERWAYS IN FRANCE AND JAPAN Main author: Diana Diziain, Greater-Est, France KEYWORDS: rail, waterways, intermodal logistics, urban freight, city logistics ABSTRACT been carried out on intermodal logistic policies at national scales. However, in urban areas, the use

  5. On Parameter Estimation of Urban Storm-Water Runoff Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On Parameter Estimation of Urban Storm-Water Runoff Model Pedro Avellaneda1 ; Thomas P. Ballestero2 of these parameters are provided for modeling purposes and other urban storm-water quality applications. A normal runoff models are commonly used for urban storm-water quality applications DeCoursey 1985; Tsi- hrintzis

  6. Partitioning a Deformed Urban Grid Leonard Hagger Ian Sanders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wismath, Stephen

    a convex map of the deformed urban grid. These algorithms are very similar and would #12;nd the same convex map of any given deformed urban grid. In this research I present two di#11;erent algorithms to solve this problem. Both are shown to #12;nd a signi#12;cantly better convex map of the deformed urban grid. The #12

  7. Blind Block Synchronization Algorithms in Cyclic Prefix Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaidyanathan, P. P.

    Blind Block Synchronization Algorithms in Cyclic Prefix Systems Borching Su Department to solving the problem blindly, that is, where training symbols are not available. Blind symbol synchronization problem is especially important in many blind channel estimation algorithms in the literature

  8. Finite blocklength analysis of the MISO Coherent Block Fading Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Austin Daniel

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coherent MISO Block Fading Channel is a wireless communication channel model in which the transmitter has access to multiple antennas while the receiver has access to one. This model is becoming increasingly important ...

  9. Host-Guest Self-assembly in Block Copolymer Blends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Woon Ik

    Ultrafine, uniform nanostructures with excellent functionalities can be formed by self-assembly of block copolymer (BCP) thin films. However, extension of their geometric variability is not straightforward due to their ...

  10. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Success...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    like this will grace Gabe Nesbitt Community Park in McKinney, Texas, thanks to an Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant | Photo courtesy of McKinney, Texas EECBG...

  11. Strategies for incorporating functional block copolymers into polyelectrolyte multilayer coatings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Wui Siew

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the creation of thin film responsive hydrogel coatings via Layer-by Layer assembly (LbL) of temperature (T) responsive block copolymer - polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs). First, the LbL conditions ...

  12. Revealing the potential of Compressed Earth Blocks : a visual narration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabie, Omar

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compressed Earth Blocks (CEB) is a developed earth technology, in which unbaked brick is produced by compressing raw soil using manual, hydraulic, or mechanical compressing machines. Revealing the potential of an affordable ...

  13. Templated self-assembly of siloxane block copolymers for nanofabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Yeon Sik

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monolayer patterns of block copolymer (BCP) microdomains have been pursued for applications in below sub-30 nm nanolithography. BCP selfassembly processing is scalable and low cost, and is well-suited for integration with ...

  14. Controlling morphology of multi-component block copolymer based materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mickiewicz, Rafal Adam, 1974-

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability of block copolymers to self-assemble into ordered microstructures has attracted much interest both from a pure scientific perspective and for their potential in numerous industrial applications. The microphase ...

  15. Microfluidic devices and Block Copolymer Nanolithography Lead: D. Angelescu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baudoin, Genevive

    Microfluidic devices and Block Copolymer Nanolithography Lead: D. Angelescu Permanent members: B, X. Yuan One of our activities in microfluidics involves the design of a microfluidic system which measures pressure drops along microfluidic channels involving different types of constrictions using

  16. Improving the polishing process for Rockwell hardness test block

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imani Nejad, Mohammad

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inefficiencies in a Rockwell hardness test block manufacturing process were analyzed. The polishing stage was identified to be the bottleneck with a high reworking rate. An understanding based on the physics of polishing ...

  17. Microsoft Word - BPA analysis summarizing ALCOA block contract...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sales Agreement (Block Contract) to Alcoa Inc.'s (Alcoa) Intalco Plant, an aluminum smelter in Ferndale, Washington, at the Industrial Power (IP) rate and how it comports with...

  18. Synthesis and solution state self-assembly of linear-dendritic block copolymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Kristoffer Keith

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Linear-dendritic block copolymers consisting of a poly(styrene) linear block and poly(amidoamine) dendrimer block were synthesized and examined for their ability to self-assemble in both aqueous environments and organic/aqueous ...

  19. Food urbanism : urban agriculture as a strategy to facilitate social mobility in informal settlements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amirtahmasebi, Rana

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can community-based urban agriculture generate stronger communities? How is this possible? This thesis explores the possibility of community development through application of community gardens in an informal settlement ...

  20. Big Questions: The Ultimate Building Blocks of Matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Standard Model of particle physics treats quarks and leptons as having no size at all. Quarks are found inside protons and neutrons and the most familiar lepton is the electron. While the best measurements to date support that idea, there is circumstantial evidence that suggests that perhaps the these tiny particles might be composed of even smaller building blocks. This video explains this circumstantial evidence and introduces some very basic ideas of what those building blocks might be.

  1. Memory blocking and recovery for affect word lists

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moynan, Sarah Catherine

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    MEMORY BLOCKING AND RECOVERY FOR AFFECT WORD LISTS A Senior Honors Thesis by SARAH CATHERINE MOYNAN Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs k, Academic Scholarships Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2004 Major: Psychology MEMORY BLOCKING AND RECOVERY FOR AFFECT WORD LISTS A Senior Honors Thesis by SARAH CATHERINE MOYNAN Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs & Acadenuc Scholarships Texas A...

  2. Big Questions: The Ultimate Building Blocks of Matter

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Standard Model of particle physics treats quarks and leptons as having no size at all. Quarks are found inside protons and neutrons and the most familiar lepton is the electron. While the best measurements to date support that idea, there is circumstantial evidence that suggests that perhaps the these tiny particles might be composed of even smaller building blocks. This video explains this circumstantial evidence and introduces some very basic ideas of what those building blocks might be.

  3. Robot task planning in a non-ideal blocks world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangadass, Vasudev

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ROBOT TASK PLANNING IN A NON-IDEAL BLOCKS WORLD A Thesis by VASUDEV RANGADASS Submitted to the Graduate College Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1988 Major Subject...: Computer Science ROBOT TASK PLANNING IN A NON-IDEAL BLOCKS WORLD A Thesis by VASUDEV RANGADASS Approved as to style and content by: Amitabha Mu ee (Chairman of Committee) Glen Williams (Member) Arun Sen (Member) Glen Williams (Head...

  4. Irregular Turbo Codes in Block-Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kraidy, Ghassan M; Fbregas, Albert Guilln i

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study irregular binary turbo codes over non-ergodic block-fading channels. We first propose an extension of channel multiplexers initially designed for regular turbo codes. We then show that, using these multiplexers, irregular turbo codes that exhibit a small decoding threshold over the ergodic Gaussian-noise channel perform very close to the outage probability on block-fading channels, from both density evolution and finite-length perspectives.

  5. Bulk Vitrification Castable Refractory Block Protection Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrma, Pavel R.; Bagaasen, Larry M.; Beck, Andrew E.; Brouns, Thomas M.; Caldwell, Dustin D.; Elliott, Michael L.; Matyas, Josef; Minister, Kevin BC; Schweiger, Michael J.; Strachan, Denis M.; Tinsley, Bronnie P.; Hollenberg, Glenn W.

    2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bulk vitrification (BV) was selected for a pilot-scale test and demonstration facility for supplemental treatment to accelerate the cleanup of low-activity waste (LAW) at the Hanford U.S. DOE Site. During engineering-scale (ES) tests, a small fraction of radioactive Tc (and Re, its nonradioactive surrogate) were transferred out of the LAW glass feed and molten LAW glass, and deposited on the surface and within the pores of the castable refractory block (CRB). Laboratory experiments were undertaken to understand the mechanisms of the transport Tc/Re into the CRB during vitrification and to evaluate various means of CRB protection against the deposition of leachable Tc/Re. The tests used Re as a chemical surrogate for Tc. The tests with the baseline CRB showed that the molten LAW penetrates into CRB pores before it converts to glass, leaving deposits of sulfates and chlorides when the nitrate components decompose. Na2O from the LAW reacts with the CRB to create a durable glass phase that may contain Tc/Re. Limited data from a single CRB sample taken from an ES experiment indicate that, while a fraction of Tc/Re is present in the CRB in a readily leachable form, most of the Tc/Re deposited in the refractory is retained in the form of a durable glass phase. In addition, the molten salts from the LAW, mainly sulfates, chlorides, and nitrates, begin to evaporate from BV feeds at temperatures below 800 C and condense on solid surfaces at temperatures below 530 C. Three approaches aimed at reducing or preventing the deposition of soluble Tc/Re within the CRB were proposed: metal lining, sealing the CRB surface with a glaze, and lining the CRB with ceramic tiles. Metal liners were deemed unsuitable because evaluations showed that they can cause unacceptable distortions of the electric field in the BV system. Sodium silicate and a low-alkali borosilicate glaze were selected for testing. The glazes slowed down molten salt condensate penetration, but did little to reduce the penetration of molten salt. Out of several refractory tile candidates, only greystone and fused-cast alumina-zirconia-silica (AZS) refractory remained intact and well bonded to the CRB after firing to 1000 C. The deformation of the refractory-tile composite was avoided by prefiring the greystone tile to 800 C. Condensed vapors did not penetrate the tiles, but Re salts condensed on their surface. Refractory corrosion tests indicated that a 0.25-inch-thick greystone tile would not corrode during a BV melt. Tiles can reduce both vapor penetration and molten salt penetration, but vapor deposition above the melt line will occur even on tiles. The Tc/Re transport scenario was outlined as follows. At temperatures below 700 C, molten ionic salt (MIS) that includes all the Tc/Re penetrates, by capillarity, from the feed into the CRB open porosity. At approximately 750 C, the MIS decomposes through the loss of NOx, leaving mainly sulfate and chloride salts. The Na2O formed in the decomposition of the nitrates reacts with insoluble grains in the feed and with the aluminosilicates in the CRB to form more viscous liquids that reduce further liquid penetration into the CRB. At 800 to 1000 C, a continuous glass phase traps the remains of the MIS in the form of inclusions in the bulk glass melt. At 1000 to 1200 C, the salt inclusions in the glass slowly dissolve but also rise to the surface. The Tc/Re salts also evaporate from the free surface of the glass melt that is rapidly renewed by convective currents. The vapors condense on cooler surfaces in the upper portion of the CRB, the box lid, and the off-gas system.

  6. NFWF Five Star & Urban Waters Restoration Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) is accepting applications for up to $2.1 million to develop community capacity to sustain local natural resources for future generations by providing modest financial assistance to diverse local partnership for wetland, riparian, forest and coastal habitat restoration, urban wildlife conservation, stormwater management as well as outreach, education and stewardship.

  7. Urban fox squirrel ecology and management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCleery, Robert Alan

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    I studied the habitat selection, survival, and anti-predator behaviors of the fox squirrel (Siurus niger) across the urban-rural gradient in College Station, Texas. From two years of tracking the radio locations of 82 fox squirrels, my data...

  8. MAGNITUDE OF IMPERVIOUS SURFACES IN URBAN AREAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitt, Robert E.

    Quality Database NURP Nationwide Urban Runoff Program P Phosphorus PLSS Public Land Survey System QA Chemical Oxygen Demand DCIA Directly Connected Impervious Areas DOQQ Digital Ortho Quarter Quads EIA Total Suspended Solids USDA Unite States Department of Agriculture USGS Unites States Geological Survey

  9. Restoration projects within urban systems frequently encounter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curran, Joanna C.

    designers to the use of models to predict the discharge associated with bankfull water surface elevation calculated for a given storm event can vary considerably by the use of modeling alone. It is much moreAbstract Restoration projects within urban systems frequently encounter various complexities

  10. 1 INTRODUCTION Urban lifelines include electricity, communication,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer Jr., B.F.

    and functions, form recovery obstacles mutually, and lead to secondary disaster. The disaster of all lifelines and the relationship between the effect degree sequence and the post-quake recovery time sequence are studied by both, it will followed by functional Urban lifelines effects degree sequence and recovery time sequence Youpo Su, Yajie

  11. Turbulence Kinetic Energy in the Oklahoma City Urban Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lundquist, J K; Leach, M; Gouveia, F

    2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Joint URBAN 2003 field experiment took place in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, during July 2003 to explore the effect of an urban canopy on the transport and diffusion of a passive tracer released in an urban area. Over one hundred three-dimensional sonic anemometers were deployed in and around the urban area to monitor wind speed, direction, and turbulence during releases of SF6. Deployment locations include a profile of eight sonic anemometers mounted on a crane located 1 km north (typically downwind) of the central business district, and several surface meteorological towers within an urban canyon.

  12. Integrated Pest Management: Conducting Urban Rodent Surveys i Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Integrated pest management: conducting urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Integrated Pest Management: Conducting Urban Rodent Surveys i Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Integrated pest management: conducting urban rodent surveys. Atlanta: US...........................................................................................................................2 Characteristics of Urban Rodent Surveys

  13. Morphological studies on block copolymer modified PA 6 blends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poindl, M., E-mail: marcus.poindl@ikt.uni-stuttgart.de, E-mail: christian.bonten@ikt.uni-stuttgart.de; Bonten, C., E-mail: marcus.poindl@ikt.uni-stuttgart.de, E-mail: christian.bonten@ikt.uni-stuttgart.de [Institut fr Kunststofftechnik, University of Stuttgart (Germany)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies show that compounding polyamide 6 (PA 6) with a PA 6 polyether block copolymers made by reaction injection molding (RIM) or continuous anionic polymerization in a reactive extrusion process (REX) result in blends with high impact strength and high stiffness compared to conventional rubber blends. In this paper, different high impact PA 6 blends were prepared using a twin screw extruder. The different impact modifiers were an ethylene propylene copolymer, a PA PA 6 polyether block copolymer made by reaction injection molding and one made by reactive extrusion. To ensure good particle matrix bonding, the ethylene propylene copolymer was grafted with maleic anhydride (EPR-g-MA). Due to the molecular structure of the two block copolymers, a coupling agent was not necessary. The block copolymers are semi-crystalline and partially cross-linked in contrast to commonly used amorphous rubbers which are usually uncured. The combination of different analysis methods like atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) gave a detailed view in the structure of the blends. Due to the partial cross-linking, the particles of the block copolymers in the blends are not spherical like the ones of ethylene propylene copolymer. The differences in molecular structure, miscibility and grafting of the impact modifiers result in different mechanical properties and different blend morphologies.

  14. Theoretical study of water blocking in miscible flooding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muller, T. (BEB Erdgas and Erdol GmbH (DE)); Lake, L.W. (Texas Univ., Austin, TX (United States))

    1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Miscible displacement processes can leave a substantial amount of residual oil behind the displacement front. This phenomenon has two general causes: instabilities caused by local heterogeneities or viscous fingering and water blocking. This paper describes a study of the latter. Numerous laboratory experiments have shown that significant blocking of oil from the solvent by mobile water can occur in water-wet media and at large water saturations. Despite this, water-blocking studies have been limited to either simple correction functions in numerical simulations or microscopic models. To the best of the authors' knowledge, no explicit theoretical model considers the macroscopic bypassing and subsequent interaction of the solvent stream with a trapped hydrocarbon phase. In this study, CO{sub 2} is the miscible solvent. A numerical model calculates the mass flux between flowing and stagnant regions separated by a water film. The model considers solvent diffusion and diffusional extraction of oil accompanied by swelling or shrinking of the stagnant hydrocarbon phase.

  15. Surface code implementation of block code state distillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin G. Fowler; Simon J. Devitt; Cody Jones

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    State distillation is the process of taking a number of imperfect copies of a particular quantum state and producing fewer better copies. Until recently, the lowest overhead method of distilling states |A>=(|0>+e^{i\\pi/4}|1>)/\\sqrt{2} produced a single improved |A> state given 15 input copies. New block code state distillation methods can produce k improved |A> states given 3k+8 input copies, potentially significantly reducing the overhead associated with state distillation. We construct an explicit surface code implementation of block code state distillation and quantitatively compare the overhead of this approach to the old. We find that, using the best available techniques, for parameters of practical interest, block code state distillation does not always lead to lower overhead, and, when it does, the overhead reduction is typically less than a factor of three.

  16. On Computation of Approximate Joint Block-Diagonalization using Ordinary AJD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeredor, Arie

    On Computation of Approximate Joint Block-Diagonalization using Ordinary AJD Petr Tichavský 1 2, 461 17 Liberec, Czech Republic Abstract. Approximate joint block diagonalization (AJBD) of a set, we prove that when the set is exactly jointly block-diagonalizable, perfect block

  17. Block-LDA: Jointly modeling entity-annotated text and entity-entity Ramnath Balasubramanyan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, William W.

    Block-LDA: Jointly modeling entity-annotated text and entity-entity links Ramnath Balasubramanyan established by Nallapati et al. [6]. In this paper, we present a model, Block-LDA, that jointly generates text in topic models with blocks in stochastic block models. The joint modeling permits sharing of in- formation

  18. Neighbour balance in a strip-block design for an experiment on irrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, R. A.

    Neighbour balance in a strip-block design for an experiment on irrigation R. A. Bailey (Joint work There are 8 blocks. 2/15 #12;Irrigation experiment on citrus plants in a greenhouse There are 8 blocks. Each block is (4 rows ) ? (4 columns )/(4 pots ). 2/15 #12;Irrigation experiment on citrus plants

  19. The moving blocks bootstrap versus parametric time series Richard M. Vogel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    The moving blocks bootstrap versus parametric time series models Richard M. Vogel Department adding uncertainty to the analysis. The moving blocks bootstrap is a simple resampling algorithm which of the moving block length. The moving blocks bootstrap resamples the observed time series using approximately

  20. Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Where is the North ChinaSouth China block boundary in eastern China? Michel Faure, Wei Lin of the North China and South China blocks. The eastern extension of the belt (the Sulu area) consists and the lack of ocean-basin rock shows that the boundary between the North China block and South China block

  1. A Note on the Use of the Woodbury Formula To Solve Cyclic Block Tri-Diagonal and Cyclic Block Penta-diagonal Linear Systems of Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milan Batista; Abdel Rahman A. Ibrahim Karawia

    2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The article presents the theoretical background of the algorithms for solving cyclic block tridiagonal and cyclic block penta-diagonal systems of linear algebraic equations present in ref [1] and [2]. The theory is based on the Woodbury formula.

  2. Lignin-blocking treatment of biomass and uses thereof

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Bin (Hanover, NH); Wyman, Charles E. (Norwich, VT)

    2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a method for converting cellulose in a lignocellulosic biomass. The method provides for a lignin-blocking polypeptide and/or protein treatment of high lignin solids. The treatment enhances cellulase availability in cellulose conversion. Cellulase efficiencies are improved by the protein or polypeptide treatment. The treatment may be used in combination with steam explosion and acid prehydrolysis techniques. Hydrolysis yields from lignin containing biomass are enhanced 5-20%, and enzyme utilization is increased from 10% to 50%. Thus, a more efficient and economical method of processing lignin containing biomass materials utilizes a polypeptide/protein treatment step that effectively blocks lignin binding of cellulase.

  3. Electrically conductive doped block copolymer of polyacetylene and polyisoprene

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Aldissi, Mahmoud (Los Alamos, NM)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrically conductive block copolymer of polyisoprene and polyacetyl and a method of making the same are disclosed. The polymer is prepared by first polymerizing isoprene with n-butyllithium in a toluene solution to form an active isoprenyllithium polymer. The active polymer is reacted with an equimolar amount of titanium butoxide and subsequently exposed to gaseous acetylene. A block copolymer of polyisoprene and polyacetylene is formed. The copolymer is soluble in common solvents and may be doped with I.sub.2 to give it an electrical conductivity in the metallic regime.

  4. Promotional plan: the Center for Urban Horticulture, Seattle, Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pesl, Suzanne R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    promotional activities enacted by the Center for Urban Horticulture. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Upon the completion of this phase in my life, there are several people I would like to acknowledge for their support and guidance. First, the Center for Urban... environment for growing a wide range of plants, accessibility of a major research and teaching university (with established Departments of Forestry and Botany), enthusiastic support from local horticultural societies, and instant access to an urban "field...

  5. Adapting Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Urban Transport to Climate Change- Module 5f - Sustainable transport: a sourcebook for policy-makers in developing cities Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  6. Decentralizing urbanization : harnessing the potential of small cities in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suri, Sagarika

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Perceived as symbols of national development or degeneration, megacities continue to dominate discourse and action related to urbanization, particularly in developing countries like India. Simultaneously, a large portion ...

  7. South Africa-Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (URBAN-LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability, European Commission, UN Habitat Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable...

  8. Promoting Low Emission Urban Development Strategies in Emerging...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Project (URBAN LEDS) AgencyCompany Organization ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics Low...

  9. Sustainable Urban Development: A Literature Review and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Stephen

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction I. What is Sustainable Development in General?PAGE Definitions of Sustainable Development Perspectiveson Sustainable Development Perspectives on Sustainable Urban

  10. renewable energy -building science -urban physics LESO LUNCHTIME* LECTURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Testerman, Donna M.

    renewable energy - building science - urban physics LESO LUNCHTIME* LECTURES Solar Energy the design of luminaires and the appearance of architecture? The lecture by the German architect Thomas

  11. Methodology for Assesment of Urban Water Planning Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meier, W. L.; Thornton, B. M.

    TR-51 1973 Methodology for Assessment of Urban Water Planning Objectives W.L. Meier B.M. Thornton Texas Water Resources Institute Texas A&M University ...

  12. taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramani, Praveen

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately owned vehicles ...

  13. Regulated Public Environments: The New Geography of US Urban Poverty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rongerude, Jane

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New Landscapes of Poverty Management, !" #$%&'($)*+The New Geography of US Urban Poverty residents, boards, andthrough the project of poverty management. Public includes

  14. Model for Sustainable Urban Design With Expanded Sections on...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design With Expanded Sections on Distributed Energy Resources, February 2004 Model for Sustainable Urban Design With Expanded Sections on Distributed Energy Resources, February...

  15. Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Cities with Data Scarcity Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Sustainable Urban Development Priorities - Development of a Rapid Assessment Tool for...

  16. affluent urban neighborhoods: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on households and neighborhoods. ... Valle, Brian P. (Brian Philip) 2011-01-01 17 Does energy follow urban form? : an examination of neighborhoods and transport energy use in...

  17. ambient urban levels: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Travel time data from an extensive dependent travel time-speed, GHG or CO2 emissions, urban congestion, depot location. Submitted: December 20 The impacts of congestion on...

  18. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Urbane...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Urbane Homes who worked with Building America research partner NAHBRC to build HERS-57 homes with rigid foam insulated slabs and foundation walls, advanced framed walls,...

  19. Architecture symbiosis--a study of cultural synthesis : urban design proposal for Boston Chinatown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, Hsuyuan

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present thesis will focus on the role of culture in architecture and urbanism. The new environment should represent the identity of its inhabitants and the coherence of existing urban context. Architecture and urban ...

  20. `Perfect ventilation, good sewerage and effective water closets': Urban factors in the development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    `Perfect ventilation, good sewerage and effective water closets': Urban factors in the development sanitation ``Perfect ventilation, good sewerage and effective water closets': Urban factors ventilation, good sewerage and effective water closets': Urban factors in the development of modern nursing

  1. Vertical Village : towards a new typology of high-density low-income urban housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harper, Caleb Benjamin

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apocalyptic global urbanization is old news. For generations statistically supported oracles have warned against the rising tide of rapid urban growth, one must only casually search the keywords "urban slum" on Goggle to ...

  2. Complex Adaptive Systems Simulation-Optimization Framework for Adaptive Urban Water Resources Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giacomoni, Marcio

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Population growth, urbanization and climate change threaten urban water systems. The rise of demands caused by growing urban areas and the potential decrease of water availability caused by the increase of frequency and severity of droughts...

  3. Block Tensor Decomposition for Source Apportionment of Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopke, Philip K; Li, Na; Navasca, Carmeliza

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ambient particulate chemical composition data with three particle diameter sizes (2.5mmair sample data. In particular, we use the Block Term Decomposition (BTD) in rank-(L;L;1) form to identify nine pollution sources (Fe+Zn, Sulfur with Dust, Road Dust, two types of Metal Works, Road Salt, Local Sulfate, and Homogeneous and Cloud Sulfate).

  4. Dynamic One-Pile Blocking Nim Achim Flammenkamp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiter, Harold

    Dynamic One-Pile Blocking Nim Achim Flammenkamp Mathematisierung, Universit¨at Bielefeld, Federal consisting of one-pile counter pickup games for which the number of counters that can be removed on each imply that (Mi-mi N0)iN is a nondecreasing sequence. There are two players and a pile of counters

  5. Power Control for Discrete-Input Block-Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillén i Fàbregas, Albert

    . K. Rasmussen CUED / F-INFENG / TR 582 August 2007 #12;#12;1 Power Control for Discrete-Input Block-Fading Channels Khoa D. Nguyen, Albert Guill´en i F`abregas and Lars K. Rasmussen Abstract We consider power systems employing orthogonal frequency division multiplexing. K. D. Nguyen and L. K. Rasmussen

  6. A P-5 Nuclear Dialogue: Concept, Building Blocks, and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;A P-5 Nuclear Dialogue: Concept, Building Blocks, and Implementation Paul I. Bernstein, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high explosives) by providing capabilities to reduce, eliminate affirmed "America's intention to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons" and stated

  7. Parallel revised simplex for primal block angular LP problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    Parallel revised simplex for primal block angular LP problems Julian Hall and Edmund Smith School) problems and their identification Computational components of the revised simplex method Exploiting parallelism via BALP structure Results Observations J. A. J. Hall and E. Smith Parallel revised simplex

  8. Analysis of Semantic Building Blocks via Grobner Bases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    for the space of multivariate polynomials in n variables, capable of expressing arbitrary sums and productsAnalysis of Semantic Building Blocks via Gr¨obner Bases Jerry Swan1 , Geoffrey K. Neumann1 for greatest common divisor from univariate to multivariate polyno- mials. Since its invention in 1965, it has

  9. Experiments with a Block Sorting Text Compression Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenwick, Peter

    compressors. The original paper did little more than present the algorithm, with strong advice for efficient on aspects of its operation. Consideration of the possible efficiency of text compression leads to the revival of ideas by Shannon as the basis of a text compressor and then to the classification of the Block

  10. Discrete fracture modeling for fractured reservoirs using Voronoi grid blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Matthew Edward

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    or pseudofracture groups modeled in their own grid blocks. Discrete Fracture Modeling (DFN) is still a relatively new field, and most research on it up to this point has been done with Delaunay tessellations. This research investigates an alternative approach using...

  11. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Fact Sheet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) program represents a Presidential priority to invest in the cheapest, cleanest and most reliable energy technologies we have energy efficiency and conservation which can be deployed immediately.

  12. Cold winters and the relation to atmospheric blocking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Vries, Hylke

    and Klimaatverandering" (Atmospheric Blocking and Climate Change). Cover: Anomaly composite fields of mean sea Iceland region, and the Scandinavia Russia region. Particularly the latter pattern is associated with very already between 10 and 20 days. Under the A1B emission scenario and using climate model output (ESSENCE

  13. Block Bootstrap Estimation of the Distribution of Cumulative Outdoor Degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Block Bootstrap Estimation of the Distribution of Cumulative Outdoor Degradation Victor Chan University Ames, IA 50011 October 28, 2003 Abstract An interesting prediction problem involving degradation cumulative degrada- tion using small- to moderate-size degradation data sets. This distribution, which

  14. Energy Conservation Analysis of Three-Row-Hole Hollow Blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, G.; Li, H.; Liu, Z.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, solid clay blocks have been forbidden in large and middle cities with the wall reformation policy issued in China. Many kinds of new wall materials have appeared in the market, but little research has been done on these new...

  15. The 5th Dimension: Building Blocks for Smart Infrastructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    artifact. Obviously, since the books only pass the energy field of the reader for a few seconds, any formThe 5th Dimension: Building Blocks for Smart Infrastructures Marc Langheinrich ETH Zurich Institute example of such an interaction in 5D would be the following scenario: two "smart" (i.e., tagged) books

  16. ESTIMATION OF MATRIX BLOCK SIZE DISTRIBUTION IN NATURALLY FRACTURED RESERVOIRS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    ESTIMATION OF MATRIX BLOCK SIZE DISTRIBUTION IN NATURALLY FRACTURED RESERVOIRS A Report Submitted;2 ABSTRACT Interporosity flow in a naturslly fractured reservoir is modelled by a new formulation of the distribution. Thus, observed pressure response from fractured reservoirs can be analysed to obtain the matrix

  17. Effect of surfactant treated boehmite nanoparticles on properties of block

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Texas, University of

    Effect of surfactant treated boehmite nanoparticles on properties of block copolymers R. Adhikari1 and treated with sulphonic acid based surfactants with different alkyl groups. As expected, the coupling and treated with sulphonic acid based surfactants with different alkyl groups. As matrixes, polystyrene

  18. Biholomorphic maps with linear parts having Jordan blocks: linearization and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan block. Our main result proves convergence of the linearizing transformation of maps for which the Jordan part of the spectrum lies inside the unit circle and the spectrum satis#12;es a R in (C [x]) n , (1.2) where C [x] stands for the set of all formal power series with complex coe

  19. Polymethylmethacrylate blocking trays. The effects of repeated usage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biggs, P.J.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sheets of polymethylmethacrylate (Lucite), which are commonly used to hold low-melting-point alloy blocks for radiation therapy treatments, are frequently recycled; subsequently, they generally contain a substantial number of holes. Experiments which have been performed to measure the deflection of these plates under a load indicate that, even with many holes drilled through the plates, their strength is not diminished significantly.

  20. Blocking Gibbs Sampling in Very Large Probabilistic Expert Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Chicago 1118E 58th St. Chicago IL 60637 kong@galton.uchicago.edu U#11;e Kj#26;rul#11; Aalborg University converges much faster than plain Gibbs sampling for very complex problems. Keywords: probabilistic expert one shall be referred to as plain Gibbs. The evaluation of our blocking-Gibbs method is conducted

  1. The Plumber's Nightmare:1 A New Morphology in Block

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Sol M.

    The Plumber's Nightmare:1 A New Morphology in Block Copolymer-Ceramic Nanocomposites and Mesoporous-ceramic nanocomposites and mesoporous aluminosilicates that are derived by an amphiphilic diblock copolymer, poly-copolymer-derived hybrid morphology is discussed in the context of a pseudo-ternary morphology diagram and compared

  2. Berkeley Emeriti Amy Block Joy, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    ; journal articles and books follow. Amy Block Joy, PhD, has authored plenty of material as an academic The Faculty Club It is not unusual for academics to author books; in fact, it's expected. Conduct the research. Dr. Joy's academic roots are in Berkeley. She received her BA in Biochemistry and Bacteriology (with

  3. Nanowires As Building Blocks for Bottom-Up Nanotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    #12;Nanowires As Building Blocks for Bottom-Up Nanotechnology The field of nanotechnology/or combinations of function in an integrated nanosystem. To enable this bottom-up approach for nanotechnology-dimensional (1D) nanostruc- tures at the forefront of nanoscience and nanotechnology. NWs and NBs are typi- cally

  4. A long-term post-project evaluation of an urban stream restoration project (Baxter Creek, El Cerrito, California)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purcell, Alison

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1995. Evaluating stream restoration projects. Environmentalof a small, urban stream restoration project in northernhistory of urban stream restoration. Aquatic Conservation:

  5. Urban Form and Travel Patterns at the Regional Scale Considering Polycentric Urban Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Young-Jae

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    ) per capita and daily transit passenger miles (DPMT) per capita. To overcome major problems of previous studies, i.e., lack of generalizability and multicollinearity, a cross-sectional analysis of 203 U.S. urbanized areas was conducted, using directed...

  6. Smart Beijing: Correlation of Urban Electrical Energy Consumption with Urban Environmental Sensing for Optimizing Distribution Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beigl, Michael

    are the general consensus of scientific community. Within the generalized Smart Grid concept, Smart City participants of Smart Grid and turning to be "prosumers" utilizing an urban environmental sensing network, the result of which is a new concept called a Smart City. The Smart City concept emphasizes the inclusion

  7. Improving urban transport performances by tendering lots : an econometric estimation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    - 1 - Improving urban transport performances by tendering lots : an econometric estimation, Christensen & Tretheway 1984), and a large number of econometric estimations had been realised on urban

  8. Finding Space Beyond Variables: An Analytical Review of Urban Space and Social Inequalities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Lauren

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the Social Organization of Urban Space: Subversions andand Community in Urban Spaces. In David Bell & Gill1991. The Production of Space. Transl. Donald Nicholson-

  9. Selection of Native Wetland Plants for Water Treatment of Urban Runoff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rejmankova, Eliska; Bayer, David E

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UC Davis KEYWORDS: Wetlands, Water Treatment, Urban Runoff,of Native Wetland Plants for Water Treatment of UrbanValley Wetlands Biomass Response to Heavy Metal Treatment

  10. Saga of Glass Damage in Urban Environments Continues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem, Ahsan

    Saga of Glass Damage in Urban Environments Continues: Consequences of Aerodynamics and Debris Laboratory University of Notre Dame The Saga of Glass Damage in Urban Environments Continues: Consequences east of the city of Houston. Initial reconnaissance suggested that the observed glass/cladding damage

  11. Fuel cells: providing heat and power in the urban environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Fuel cells: providing heat and power in the urban environment Jim Halliday, Alan Ruddell, Jane;Fuel cells: providing heat and power in the urban environment Tyndall Centre Technical Report No. 32 efficiencies, and therefore reduced CO2 emissions, compared to conventional centralised generation. Fuel cell

  12. Turbulent Kinetic Energy in the Oklahoma City Urban Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lundquist, J; Leach, M; Gouveia, F

    2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A major field experiment, Joint URBAN 2003 (JU2003), was conducted in Oklahoma City in July 2003 to collect meteorological and tracer data sets for evaluating dispersion models in urban areas. The Department of Homeland Security and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency were the primary sponsors of JU2003. Investigators from five Department of Energy national laboratories, several other government agencies, universities, private companies, and international agencies conducted the experiment. Observations to characterize the meteorology in and around the urban area complemented the observation of the dispersion of SF6, an inert tracer gas. Over one hundred threedimensional sonic anemometers were deployed in and around the urban area to monitor wind speed, direction, and turbulence fluxes during releases of SF6. Sonic deployment locations included a profile of eight sonic anemometers mounted on a crane less than 1 km north of the central business district (CBD). Using data from these and other sonic anemometers deployed in the urban area, we can quantify the effect of the urban area on atmospheric turbulence and compare results seen in OKC to those in other urban areas to assess the parameters typically used in parameterizations of urban turbulence.

  13. CLASSIFYING AGRICULTURAL LAND IN AN URBAN LANDSCAPE WITH APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CLASSIFYING AGRICULTURAL LAND IN AN URBAN LANDSCAPE WITH APPLICATION TO WATERFOWL CONSERVATION: Master of Resource Management Title of Research Project: Classifying Agricultural Land in an Urban to remotely sense agricultural lands and demonstrates how the results can be used for waterfowl conservation

  14. Persistent pollutants urban rivers sediment survey: implications for pollution control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heal, Kate

    in the motor and construction industries; housekeeping measures to minimise storage and handling risks for oilPersistent pollutants urban rivers sediment survey: implications for pollution control C. Wilson.heal@ed.ac.uk) Abstract The impacts of diffuse urban sources of pollution on watercourses are quantified. A survey of nine

  15. Energy Usage Attitudes of Urban India IBM Research India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Energy Usage Attitudes of Urban India Mohit Jain IBM Research India mohitjain@in.ibm.com Deepika@cs.cmu.edu Amarjeet Singh IIIT Delhi, India amarjeet@iiitd.ac.in Abstract-- Though rapid increase in energy factors affecting energy consumption in urban India. However, the small numbers of participants in those

  16. Urban Pollution Control Strategies Reading: pages 422-437

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toohey, Darin W.

    ATOC 3500 Urban Pollution Control Strategies Reading: pages 422-437 Details to come #12;#12;Urban Pollution Control Strategies What we know so far: · Different regions have different issues, but two types, warm, NOx, HCs, ozone, CO) · Pollution is made worse by meteorological conditions called "inversions

  17. Modeling impact of urban air pollution on health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menut, Laurent

    Modeling impact of urban air pollution on health: Preliminary results and testing a methodology with hospitals for the study of air pollution impact on specific deceases (old people admitted in emergency morbidity data and pollutants concentrations at the regional/urban scale Health and air quality in France

  18. SINGH and BHATNAGAR Urban lakes and wetlands: opportunities and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    , urban water bodies commonly become cesspools due to lack of sanitation facilities. Delhi is continually urbanizing at a rapid pace that has affected the condition of water bodies. To identify water resource to map all the water bodies including groundwater recharge sites 44 lakes and 355 village ponds. Hauz

  19. Sustainable Decentralized Model for Solid Waste Management in Urban India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Sustainable Decentralized Model for Solid Waste Management in Urban India Hita Unnikrishnan, Brunda the sustenance of a decentralized solid waste management system in urban India. Towards this end, two a national legislation the Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) rules, 2000 (Ministry

  20. UrbanSolutionsCenter Soil Organic Matter and Compost Utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UrbanSolutionsCenter Soil Organic Matter and Compost Utilization Background High clay content soils is yard waste compost, and composting is becoming increasingly common in urban areas due to municipal yard waste collection and composting programs such as the one in Plano, Texas. Wastewater biosolids

  1. Urban logistics pooling viabililty analysis via a multicriteria multiactor method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Urban logistics pooling viabililty analysis via a multicriteria multiactor method Jesus Gonzalez transportation and logistics pooling are relatively new concepts in research, but are very popular in practice. In the last years, collaborative transportation seems a good city logistics alternative to classical urban

  2. AN URBAN SURFACE EXCHANGE PARAMETERISATION FOR MESOSCALE MODELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN URBAN SURFACE EXCHANGE PARAMETERISATION FOR MESOSCALE MODELS ALBERTO MARTILLI1, , ALAIN CLAPPIER. A scheme to represent the impact of urban buildings on airflow in mesoscale atmospheric models is presented the presence of the buildings. The parameterisation is introduced into a mesoscale model and tested

  3. Impact of utilizing 3D digital urban models on the design content of urban design plans in US cities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Douri, Firas A. Salman

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    aspects. The research applies a novel perspective of examining both the methods of modeling-supported urban design and the design content of urban design to attempt to reveal a correlation or causal relation. Using the mixed method approach, this research...

  4. Rutting and drainage design methodology for a concrete block pavement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poduska, Daryl Jason

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Organization of Thesis. . 2 3 5 II LITERATURE REVIEW. . Analysis of Concrete Block Pavements. . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . Previous Design Procedures . Factors Affecting the Pavement's Performance. . . . . 7 9 18 III COLLECTION OF FIELD DATA. 28.... . . . 2 Experience based design chart used in Denmark. . . . . 10 3 Experience based design chart used in South Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Marais' design curve based on Westergaard's slab theory. . . . . 12 5 CCA design chart used in Great...

  5. Asymptotic results for bifurcations in pure bending of rubber blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coman, Ciprian; 10.1093/qjmam/hbn009

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bifurcation of an incompressible neo-Hookean thick block with a ratio of thickness to length {eta}, subject to pure bending, is considered. The two incremental equilibrium equations corresponding to a nonlinear pre-buckling state of strain are reduced to a fourth-order linear eigenproblem that displays a multiple turning point. It is found that for 0 {infty} degenerates into a surface instability. Singular perturbation methods enable us to capture this transition, while direct numerical simulations corroborate the analytical results.

  6. Coefficient quantization effects in block state variable digital filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kab Joo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COEFFICIENT QUANTIZATION EFFECTS IN BLOCK STATE VARIABLE DIGITAL FILTERS A Thesis by KAB JOO LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering COEFFICIENT QIJANTIZATIOU EFFECTS IN l3LOCI~ STATE VARIABLE DIGITAL FILTERS A Thesis hs IiAB JOO LEE Approved as to style and content by: WVilliam G. )3liss (Chair of Comnaittee) Norman C...

  7. Optical Metamaterials by Block-Copolymer Self-Assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvatore, Stefano

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    , with block types A, B and C confined to regions colored blue, red and green, respectively. Adapted from ?. was selectively etched and backfilled by electrodeposition, producing a metal single gyroid. The single gyroid has strong chirality in certain... -gel chemistry ?. The replication of the gyroid morphology into metals was also achieved by electroless deposition of nickel for catalytic applications ? and by sol-gel chem- istry to create a highly porous SiO2 structure with a reduced refractive index. Gyroid...

  8. EIS-0006: Wind Turbine Generator System, Block Island, Rhode Island

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy prepared this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of installing and operating a large experimental wind turbine, designated the MOD-OA, which is proposed to be installed on a knoll in Rhode Island's New Meadow Hill Swamp, integrated with the adjacent Block Island Power Company power plant and operated to supply electricity to the existing utility network.

  9. Coefficient quantization effects in block state variable digital filters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Kab Joo

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COEFFICIENT QUANTIZATION EFFECTS IN BLOCK STATE VARIABLE DIGITAL FILTERS A Thesis by KAB JOO LEE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering COEFFICIENT QIJANTIZATIOU EFFECTS IN l3LOCI~ STATE VARIABLE DIGITAL FILTERS A Thesis hs IiAB JOO LEE Approved as to style and content by: WVilliam G. )3liss (Chair of Comnaittee) Norman C...

  10. Gas block mechanism for water removal in fuel cells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Issacci, Farrokh; Rehg, Timothy J.

    2004-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is directed to apparatus and method for cathode-side disposal of water in an electrochemical fuel cell. There is a cathode plate. Within a surface of the plate is a flow field comprised of interdigitated channels. During operation of the fuel cell, cathode gas flows by convection through a gas diffusion layer above the flow field. Positioned at points adjacent to the flow field are one or more porous gas block mediums that have pores sized such that water is sipped off to the outside of the flow field by capillary flow and cathode gas is blocked from flowing through the medium. On the other surface of the plate is a channel in fluid communication with each porous gas block mediums. The method for water disposal in a fuel cell comprises installing the cathode plate assemblies at the cathode sides of the stack of fuel cells and manifolding the single water channel of each of the cathode plate assemblies to the coolant flow that feeds coolant plates in the stack.

  11. Radical-cured block copolymer-modified thermosets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Redline, Erica M.; Francis, Lorraine F.; Bates, Frank S. (UMM)

    2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Poly(ethylene-alt-propylene)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEP-PEO) diblock copolymers were synthesized and added at 4 wt % to 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloxypropoxy)phenyl]propane (BisGMA), a monomer that cures using free radical chemistry. In separate experiments, poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate (PEGDMA) was combined as a secondary monomer with BisGMA and the monomers were loaded with 4 wt % PEP-PEO. The diblock copolymers self-assembled into well-dispersed spherical micelles with PEP cores and PEO coronas. No appreciable change in the final extent of cure of the thermosets was caused by the addition of diblock copolymer, except in the case of BisGMA, where the addition of the block copolymer increased extent of cure by 12%. Furthermore, the extent of cure was increased by 29% and 37% with the addition of 25 and 50 wt % PEGDMA, respectively. Elastic modulus and fracture resistance were also determined, and the values indicate that the addition of block copolymers does not significantly toughen the thermoset materials. This finding is surprising when compared with the large increase in fracture resistance seen in block copolymer-modified epoxies, and an explanation is proposed.

  12. The different urban efforts to revitalize urban neighborhoods in the United States and the United Kingdom: comparative case study based on governmental responses focusing on urban neighborhood revitalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Youngho

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    of Housing and Urban Development, 1975) Stable and viable #0;? Homogeneous #0;? New #0;? Single family First Grade "A" Area (green) Well-planned, homogeneous population First Stage New residential construction Stage 1 Single-family residential... to be marked by the dramatic fall of employment opportunities as well as decisions by public and private institutions that were detrimental to urban neighborhoods by discouraging investment and support for social and institutional resources in them...

  13. PAMM header will be provided by the publisher Block and joint Hmatrix preconditioners for the Oseen equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le Borne, Sabine

    PAMM header will be provided by the publisher Block and joint H­matrix preconditioners in the literature exploit the block structure of the problem to construct block diagonal or block triangular for the linear systems on the block diagonal as well as for the Schur complement are available. We will construct

  14. Subsurface models of coal occurrence, Oak Grove field, Black Warrior basin, Alabama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pashin, J.C. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (United States))

    1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subsurface investigation of coal occurrence in the Black Creek-Cobb interval of Oak Grove field is based on cross sections and isopach maps made from more than 500 density logs. This study was designed to identify styles of coal occurrence in the Black Warrior basin to aid in coalbed-methane exploration and production. Coal occurrence in parts of the Black Warrior basin may be characterized in terms of end-member fluvial and structural control. Fluvial processes apparently were the major controls on coal occurrence in the Black Creek cycle, where sandstone and coal thickness are inversely related. Additionally, occurrence of thick sandstone sequences above the thickest coal beds suggests that peat compaction provided sites for channel avulsion. In the Mary Lee and Cobb cycles, more coal beds occur in a downthrown fault block than in an upthrown block, and in the Pratt and Cobb cycles, the thickest coal beds occur on the downthrown side of a fault. Only in the Mary Lee cycle, where thick peat accumulated in an abandoned tributary system, is coal thickest on the upthrown block. Most coal beds in Oak Grove field are thickest on the downthrown block because differential subsidence apparently promoted peat accumulation. Clastic influx favors beds splits in the downthrown block, but joining of beds in the Pratt cycle may reflect sheltering by the fault. In the Mary Lee cycle, in contrast, channel incision evidently provided local relief sufficient for thick peat to accumulate in lows on the upthrown block. Although fluvial and structural processes result in varied styles of coal occurrence, models of coal occurrence have resulted in a predictive framework that may aid in strategic well siting and completion.

  15. Building Blocks for Mobile Games : A multiplayer framework for App Inventor for Android

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnuson, Bill

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Blocks for Mobile Games is a client-server multiplayer game-building-framework for the App Inventor for Android platform. The Building Blocks for Mobile Games multiplayer framework includes an App Inventor component ...

  16. Kinematically consistent, elastic block model for the eastern Mediterranean constrained by GPS measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Shawn A. (Shawn Adam), 1975-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I use a Global Positioning System (GPS) velocity field to constrain block models of the eastern Mediterranean and surrounding regions that account for the angular velocities of constituent blocks and elastic strain ...

  17. Block copolymer photonic crystals : towards self-assembled active optical elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoon, Jongseung

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Block copolymers have proven to be a unique materials platform for easily fabricated large-area photonic crystals. While the basic concept of block copolymer based photonic band gap materials has been well demonstrated, ...

  18. Effect of polymer chemistry on globular proteinpolymer block copolymer self-assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Dongsook

    Bioconjugates of the model red fluorescent protein mCherry and synthetic polymer blocks with different hydrogen bonding functionalities show that the chemistry of the polymer block has a large effect on both ordering ...

  19. Flow controlled solvent vapor annealing of block copolymers for lithographic applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotrik, Kevin Willy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-assembly of block copolymer thin-films may provide an inexpensive alternative to patterning lithographic features below the resolution limits of traditional optical methods. Block copolymers (BCPs) are polymers made ...

  20. aqueous di-block copolymers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PHT. Poly(3-hexylthiophene)-b-polystyrene di-block copolymer McCullough, Richard D. 2 FREE ENERGY CALCULATIONS FOR DI-BLOCK COPOLYMERS Biology and Medicine Websites Summary:...

  1. Carbon storage and sequestration by trees in urban and community areas of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbon storage and sequestration by trees in urban and community areas of the United States David J forestry Tree cover Forest inventory a b s t r a c t Carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees to determine total urban forest carbon storage and annual sequestration by state and nationally. Urban whole

  2. SPEK: A Storage Performance Evaluation Kernel Module for Block Level Storage Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Xubin "Ben"

    SPEK: A Storage Performance Evaluation Kernel Module for Block Level Storage Systems Ming Zhang Cookeville, TN 38505, USA hexb@tntech.edu Abstract In this paper we introduce SPEK (Storage Performance storage systems at block level. It can be used for both DAS (Direct Attached Storage) and block level

  3. Building Our Skills Inside and Out Block play is an essential part of our

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    BLOCK PLAY Building Our Skills Inside and Out #12;Block play is an essential part of our curriculum and gain a deeper understanding of math concepts by building towers, bridges and buildings. #12;Math in Block Play As children's ideas and building skills grow more complex, designs and patterns emerge. #12

  4. Dead Block Replacement and Bypass with a Sampling Predictor Daniel A. Jimenez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Dead Block Replacement and Bypass with a Sampling Predictor Daniel A. Jim´enez Department of Computer Science The University of Texas at San Antonio Abstract We present a cache replacement and bypass policy driven by dead block prediction. A block is considered dead is it will be replaced before

  5. Rate Shaping by Block Dropping for Transmission of MPEGprecoded Video over Channels of Dynamic Bandwidth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Wenjun "Kevin"

    ) and much better visual quality than conventional ap­ proaches. We also show that by jointly dropping blocksRate Shaping by Block Dropping for Transmission of MPEG­precoded Video over Channels of Dynamic of the compressed video in cases that the network capacity is reduced. This pa­ per proposes a novel block

  6. On Loewy lengths of blocks (joint work with S. Koshitani and B. Klshammer)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On Loewy lengths of blocks (joint work with S. Koshitani and B. Külshammer) Benjamin Sambale, FSU Jena March 26, 2013 Benjamin Sambale On Loewy lengths of blocks #12;Notation G ­ finite group p ­ prime number F ­ algebraically closed field of characteristic p B ­ block of FG J(B) ­ Jacobson radical of B

  7. A Rectilinear-Monotone Polygonal Fault Block Model for Fault-Tolerant Minimal Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Dajin

    ]. In rectangular model, all faulty nodes are grouped in dis- jointed, rectangular areas, called fault blocksA Rectilinear-Monotone Polygonal Fault Block Model for Fault-Tolerant Minimal Routing in Mesh Dajin Wang, Member, IEEE Abstract--We propose a new fault block model, Minimal-Connected-Component (MCC

  8. Joint block-based video source/channel coding for packet-switched networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, Thrasyvoulos N.

    Joint block-based video source/channel coding for packet-switched networks R. 0. Hindsa, T. N. Keywords: Video coding, Packet loss, Internet, Joint source/channel coding 1. INTRODUCTION BlockD-336 600 Mountain Avenue Murray Hill, NJ 07974-0636 USA ABSTRACT Block-based video coders rely

  9. Joint channel estimation and decoding of root LDPC codes in block-fading channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andriyanova, Iryna

    Joint channel estimation and decoding of root LDPC codes in block-fading channels Iryna Andriyanova receivers for joint decoding and channel-state estimation for transmission on block-fading chan- nels of root-LDPC-coded signals. Root-LDPC codes are known to be most performant codes for block

  10. MICROELECTRONIC ENGINEERING RESEARCH CONFERENCE 2003 1 Low Complexity Gaussian Mixture Model-based Block

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is jointly Gaussian, hence Lloyd- Max non-uniform scalar quantisers are used in traditional block quan-based Block Quantisation of Images Stephen So and Kuldip K. Paliwal Abstract--In this paper, we present a low complexity version of Gaus- sian mixture model-based block quantisation for images. The latter coding method

  11. TTDTTi'^'/O^ Riso-R-490 Total-Count Calibration Blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I et Ji 2 TTDTTi'^'/O^ Riso-R-490 Total-Count Calibration Blocks for Use in Uranium Exploration-COUNT CALIBRATION BLOCKS FOR USE IN URANIUM EXPLORATION L. Lvborg Abstract. Transportable calibration blocks; CALIBRATION? CALIBRATION STANDARDS? CONCRETES; EXPLORATION; SCINTILLATION COUNTERS; URANIUM UDC 539

  12. Properties of concrete paving blocks made with waste marble Osman Gencela,f,*, Cengiz Ozelb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Texas, University of

    Properties of concrete paving blocks made with waste marble Osman Gencela,f,*, Cengiz Ozelb , Fuat: Concrete paving blocks Recycled aggregate Marble waste Concrete wear a b s t r a c t Marble industry. Waste marble is well usable instead of the usual aggregate in the concrete paving block production. ?

  13. BLOCK COMPRESSED SENSING OF NATURAL IMAGES Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Electronics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    imaging systems, natural images are often first sam- pled into the digital format at a higher rateBLOCK COMPRESSED SENSING OF NATURAL IMAGES Lu Gan Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Electronics for natural images, where image acquisi- tion is conducted in a block-by-block manner through the same oper

  14. AGU Monograph, Plate Boundary Zones, in press. Page 1 Crustal Block Rotations and Plate Coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCaffrey, Robert

    AGU Monograph, Plate Boundary Zones, in press. Page 1 Crustal Block Rotations and Plate Coupling that considering both block rotations and fault locking significantly improves the fit to the data over models by locking on #12;AGU Monograph, Plate Boundary Zones, in press. Page 2 block-bounding faults and apply

  15. Nanostructures from POSS-Grafted Block Copolymer Precursors Seung B. Chuna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    .S.A. ABSTRACT A new method to prepare novel nanocomposites has been studied in which a polyhedral oligomeric-organic hybrid copolymer (POSS-g- PI-block-PS). PS-block-PI copolymers (SI) were synthesized via anionic is to obtain organic/inorganic hybrid block copolymers and to prepare thin coatings that have well- ordered

  16. Global Cooling: Effect of Urban Albedo on Global Temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, Hashem; Menon, Surabi; Rosenfeld, Arthur

    2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In many urban areas, pavements and roofs constitute over 60% of urban surfaces (roof 20-25%, pavements about 40%). The roof and the pavement albedo can be increased by about 0.25 and 0.10, respectively, resulting in a net albedo increase for urban areas of about 0.1. Many studies have demonstrated building cooling-energy savings in excess of 20% upon raising roof reflectivity from an existing 10-20% to about 60%. We estimate U.S. potential savings in excess of $1 billion (B) per year in net annual energy bills. Increasing albedo of urban surfaces can reduce the summertime urban temperature and improve the urban air quality. Increasing the urban albedo has the added benefit of reflecting more of the incoming global solar radiation and countering the effect of global warming. We estimate that increasing albedo of urban areas by 0.1 results in an increase of 3 x 10{sup -4} in Earth albedo. Using a simple global model, the change in air temperature in lowest 1.8 km of the atmosphere is estimated at 0.01K. Modelers predict a warming of about 3K in the next 60 years (0.05K/year). Change of 0.1 in urban albedo will result in 0.01K global cooling, a delay of {approx}0.2 years in global warming. This 0.2 years delay in global warming is equivalent to 10 Gt reduction in CO2 emissions.

  17. Researcher explores economics of U.S. urban water demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 24 Researcher explores economics of U.S. urban water demand Photo by: Danielle Supercinski tx H2O | pg. 25 With projected demands for future water supplies becoming more critical, understand- ing urban... contributing to urban water demand in the United States. They analyzed how water use is affected by water prices in nearly 200 U.S. cities. ?It?s interesting that many people still buy into the myth that water demand is not price- sensitive, even though...

  18. Fixed Block Compression Boosting in FM-Indexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krkkinen, Juha

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A compressed full-text self-index occupies space close to that of the compressed text and simultaneously allows fast pattern matching and random access to the underlying text. Among the best compressed self-indexes, in theory and in practice, are several members of the FM-index family. In this paper, we describe new FM-index variants that combine nice theoretical properties, simple implementation and improved practical performance. Our main result is a new technique called fixed block compression boosting, which is a simpler and faster alternative to optimal compression boosting and implicit compression boosting used in previous FM-indexes.

  19. Blocking long term consolidation of extinction in rats with puromycin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broussard, William Joseph

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIBNC August 1972 )major Subject: Psychology BLOCKING LONG TERM CONSOLIDATION OF EXTINCTION IN RATS WI ' H PUROMYCIN A Thesis WILLIAM JOSEPH BROUSSARD Approved as to style and content by~ c'F, ~ g, Chairman of Co j. ttee H o e ar men Mem er..., snd Joseph . "lagyvary, this manuscript would have been considerably longer in taking shape. The author e. ,pecially wishes to call attention to his wife. If tolerance, patience, and encourageme. , t can be considered part of a higher education...

  20. Non-crosslinked, amorphous, block copolymer electrolyte for batteries

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mayes, Anne M.; Ceder, Gerbrand; Chiang, Yet-Ming; Sadoway, Donald R.; Aydinol, Mehmet K.; Soo, Philip P.; Jang, Young-Il; Huang, Biying

    2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid battery components are provided. A block copolymeric electrolyte is non-crosslinked and non-glassy through the entire range of typical battery service temperatures, that is, through the entire range of at least from about 0.degree. C. to about 70.degree. C. The chains of which the copolymer is made each include at least one ionically-conductive block and at least one second block immiscible with the ionically-conductive block. The chains form an amorphous association and are arranged in an ordered nanostructure including a continuous matrix of amorphous ionically-conductive domains and amorphous second domains that are immiscible with the ionically-conductive domains. A compound is provided that has a formula of Li.sub.xM.sub.yN.sub.zO.sub.2. M and N are each metal atoms or a main group elements, and x, y and z are each numbers from about 0 to about 1. y and z are chosen such that a formal charge on the M.sub.yN.sub.z portion of the compound is (4-x). In certain embodiments, these compounds are used in the cathodes of rechargeable batteries. The present invention also includes methods of predicting the potential utility of metal dichalgogenide compounds for use in lithium intercalation compounds. It also provides methods for processing lithium intercalation oxides with the structure and compositional homogeneity necessary to realize the increased formation energies of said compounds. An article is made of a dimensionally-stable, interpenetrating microstructure of a first phase including a first component and a second phase, immiscible with the first phase, including a second component. The first and second phases define interphase boundaries between them, and at least one particle is positioned between a first phase and a second phase at an interphase boundary. When the first and second phases are electronically-conductive and ionically-conductive polymers, respectively, and the particles are ion host particles, the arrangement is an electrode of a battery.

  1. Bilateral infraorbital nerve blocks decrease postoperative pain but do not reduce time to discharge following outpatient nasal surgery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    induction of general anesthesia. All subjects underwent anerve block under general anesthesia on consumption of iso?block versus general anesthesia for hand and wrist day-case

  2. Perception of principals in the southern, urban U.S. and eastern, urban China regarding the selection, preparation, and professional development of elementary principals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Jie

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of this study is to explore the similarities and differences in the selection process, preparation programs and the professional development practices as perceived by elementary school principals in urban public schools in the southern U.S and urban public...

  3. An urban infill : a residual site in Boston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savvides, Andreas L. (Andreas Loucas)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is concerned with the treatment of residual sites in the context of the urban environment and in particular with the wounds inflicted by the passage of the Massachusetts Turnpike through the city of Boston. The ...

  4. Urban mechanics : the parking garage as an instrument of legibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Marcus E. (Marcus Eugene)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    No typology has fragmented urban space more than the parking garage. In fact, the city of Houston's parking contingent practice has a resulted in a garage on 30% of the downtown district.The range from a few underground ...

  5. Urban redevelopment in sunbelt cities : strategies and approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, James A. (James Andrew), 1959-

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most Sunbelt cities reflect the suburbanization that characterized urban growth and development over the past forty years. Given this dispersion, these cities often contain large areas of strategically located land that ...

  6. Urban oasis : the central market redevelopment of Hong Kong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwok, Sean Zee, 1975-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the ultra-urban centers of today, "nature" has become a precious resource that often gets sacrificed in the name of progress and development. The presence of nature has become increasingly elusive in the concrete jungle ...

  7. Sustainable urban mobility : exploring the role of the built environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zegras, Pericles Christopher, 1968-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the concept of sustainable mobility within an urban context. In essence, the research aims to answer the question, "What role does a city's built environment play, if any, in the sustainability ...

  8. The engineers and the urban system, 1968-1974/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Alexander Hilton

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The social policy agenda of the Great Society was shaped by the recognition that if broad social improvement was to be achieved in urban America, social planning and state intervention based on systemically acquired expertise ...

  9. TRANSPORTATION NODES, REAL ESTATE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT The Metamorphosis Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malinnikova, Eugenia

    1 TRANSPORTATION NODES, REAL ESTATE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT The Metamorphosis Project Norwegian ON SPEEDBOATS, ALONG THE LEBANESE COAST. THEN EACH PORT OF CALL WOULD BECOME A TRANSPORTATION HUB 4 5

  10. Between external and internal space : an urban transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappelletti Daniele

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this dissertation is to explore the evolution of both architecture and urban space, in terms of mutual relationship between solids and voids, with particular attention to two transitional moments of ancient and ...

  11. Fanonet: Ethnohistorical Notes on the Gurage Urban Migration in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nida, Worku

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Keith. 1992. The Economy of Ethiopia. New York: St. Mania'sAround Addis Ababa, Ethiopia." Annals of the Association of1973. "Urban Development in Ethiopia (1889- 1925)." Jollrnal

  12. Threat-aware Path Planning in Uncertain Urban Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoude, Georges

    This paper considers the path planning problem for an autonomous vehicle in an urban environment populated with static obstacles and moving vehicles with uncertain intents. We propose a novel threat assessment module, ...

  13. The urbanization of insurgency : shifts in the geography of conflict

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calluzzo, Nicholas T

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 20th century witnessed the steady decline of the ability of states, particularly great powers, to defeat insurgencies. During the same period, the world has become both more populous and more urban. As people have taken ...

  14. (Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning) WICCI Science Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Jim LaGro UW-Madison (Dept. of Urban & Regional Planning) WICCI Science Council October 28, 2011 Unlimited Wisconsin Citizen-Based Monitoring Network Wisconsin Environmental Initiative Wisconsin River

  15. A National Assessment of the Intrastructure for Urban Wildlife Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Michaela Rene

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ecosystems. Universities and state wildlife agencies are the main driving forces for research and management, and it is crucial that these institutions provide support for managing wildlife in urban environments. Universities (n = 73) and state wildlife...

  16. Methodologies for Analyzing Impact of Urbanization on Irrigation Districts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonaiti, G.; Fipps, G.

    and structural image information. By overlapping urbanization maps to the water distribution network, we identified critical areas of impact. This impact was expressed as density of network fragments per unit area, or Network Fragmentation Index (NFI). A...

  17. Urban and Industrial Sites Reinvestment Tax Credit Program (Connecticut)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Urban and Industrial Sites Reinvestment Tax Credit Program provides up to $100 million in tax credits over a ten-year period to support projects that create jobs and capital investment in under...

  18. The impacts of urbanization on endangered florida key deer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harveson, Patricia Moody

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    for resources between man and wildlife continues, it is important to understand the effects of urbanization on species. Endangered Key deer (Odocoileus virginianus clavium) are endemic to the Florida Keys archipelago stretching southwest off the southern tip...

  19. Shaping urban form without zoning: a case study of houston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Zhu

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    , civic and private organizations such as super neighborhoods and homeowner associations fill the gaps left by the lack of land use zoning. These two aspects contribute to land use planning and urban form of the city. Houston presents a contradiction...

  20. Sustainable urban forms for Chinese typical new towns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Sunhwa, 1980-

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The phenomena of exploding world urban population and sharply decreasing global arable lands are illustrated in contemporary China in a dramatically amplified form. Construction of many new towns in rural areas has been ...

  1. Improving the Image, Identity, and Reputation of Urban School Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockwell, Robert R.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This collective qualitative case study explores the ways American urban school districts engage in image management and reputation building activities to sustain their on-going organizational improvement efforts and maintain public support...

  2. Building Energy Supply Infrastructures and Urban Sustained Development of Shenyang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, G.; Wang, Y.; Gao, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban energy supply is a necessary infrastructure of civic development. Shenyang is an old industrial-based center in the northeast. Its development influences the economic development of the whole old northeast industry base. This paper analyses...

  3. Integrated Planning and Management for Urban Water Supplies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasternack, Gregory B.

    Positions for Water Supply Reliability ................................. 15 4 Shortage Management Modeling.2: Diagram of Water Supply Reliability Model Structure ..................49 5.3: Steps Used in ShortageIntegrated Planning and Management for Urban Water Supplies Considering Multiple Uncertainties Jay

  4. Predictability of road traffic and congestion in urban areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jingyuan; Li, Jing; Li, Chao; Xiong, Zhang; Wang, Wen-Xu

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mitigating traffic congestion on urban roads, with paramount importance in urban development and reduction of energy consumption and air pollution, depends on our ability to foresee road usage and traffic conditions pertaining to the collective behavior of drivers, raising a significant question: to what degree is road traffic predictable in urban areas? Here we rely on the precise records of daily vehicle mobility based on GPS positioning device installed in taxis to uncover the potential daily predictability of urban traffic patterns. Using the mapping from the degree of congestion on roads into a time series of symbols and measuring its entropy, we find a relatively high daily predictability of traffic conditions despite the absence of any a priori knowledge of drivers' origins and destinations and quite different travel patterns between weekdays and weekends. Moreover, we find a counterintuitive dependence of the predictability on travel speed: the road segment associated with intermediate average travel ...

  5. Effect of Government Policies on Urban and Rural Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perloff, Jeffrey M.

    al. (2001), although the impact of the recent welfare reform does not appear to differ greatly that the impact of welfare reform on employment and earnings in the rural areas is smaller than in the urban areas

  6. update: Emerging research opportunities in global urban ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    La Sorte, Frank A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    populations. Global Ecology and Bio? geography,20,Global change and the ecology of cities. Science,ratesinurbanareas. EcologyLetters,12,1165 LaSorte,

  7. The urban waterfront in flux : accommodating uncertainty in Brooklyn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Jaime Rene

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban waterfronts are host to every shade of a city's development. Once pulsating with trade and production, the very reason for the city's existence, the mid 20th century brought jarring macroeconomic shifts and technological ...

  8. Adaptation and adaptability : expectant design for resilience in coastal urbanity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruskeep, Laura A. Delaney (Laura Ashley Delaney)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What is the nature of and possibility for urban resiliency through adaptation? Adaptation implies responsiveness to phenomena that are disruptive to a system's functioning; it is a willful evolution in response to changed ...

  9. Intensifying urban thresholds : building continuity for New Bedfords's waterfront

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollister, Susan Elizabeth

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores issues of urban form through an understanding of vernacular traditions in a local context. The exploration consists of looking at the characteristics of a particular place in an attempt to understand ...

  10. Infinite urban landscapes : a journey through Cambridge, Massachusetts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunetto, Leah B. (Leah Beth)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores how the forms of urban landscapes influence and reflect physical and metaphorical journeys through a city. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the artist and researcher investigates the diverse landscapes ...

  11. Bazaar [+] : addressing critical adjacencies in Mumbai's urban farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhat, Arjun (Arjun Devadas)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on the city of Mumbai, and evolves the notion of how "critical adjacency" has been instrumental in guiding the city's urban transformations into modernity. Presently, Mumbai experiences some of the ...

  12. african urban area: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Riccardo; Giovannini, Luca 2009-01-01 100 Green Solution for the Current Energy Crisis in the Urban Areas of Bangladesh CiteSeer Summary: Abstract This work is focused on...

  13. Proximity of body & mind : urban gym as a heterotopic domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyung Suk, 1971-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present urban space, where an individual is exposed to the conditions of heterogeneity and anonymity, a conventional Bodybuilding Gym opens up certain issues of emplacement of un/nder-spoken men's body and its ...

  14. Planning by contract? : negotiated regulation in urban development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marantz, Nicholas J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the turn of the twenty-first century, a new term entered the lexicon of urban redevelopment: the community benefits agreement (CBA). Although the term has been applied to a variety of arrangements, it frequently refers ...

  15. Successful streets : performance measures, community engagement, and urban street design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinemann, Jeremy R

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, local transportation agencies have increasingly re-designed urban arterials, their cities' major surface streets, to better accommodate a wide range of users. At the same time, a growing number of ...

  16. Estimating material and energy intensities of urban areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, David James, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to develop methods to estimate, analyze and visualize the resource intensity of urban areas. Understanding the resource consumption of the built environment is particularly relevant in cities ...

  17. Considerations in the recycling of urban parking garages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul, Michael Johannes

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because of the decreasing use of private automobiles in city centers and because of usual development pressures, some urban parking garages will become available for replacement or recycling. The choice between replacement ...

  18. abandoned urban brownfield: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2007-01-01 266 THE URBAN ECOLOGY OF CANNABIS CiteSeer Summary: Cannabis sativa aka, hemp, marijuana, or Indian hemp, et al, is a tall, robust, dioecious annual that grows from...

  19. ambulatory urban patient: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2007-01-01 215 THE URBAN ECOLOGY OF CANNABIS CiteSeer Summary: Cannabis sativa aka, hemp, marijuana, or Indian hemp, et al, is a tall, robust, dioecious annual that grows from...

  20. acque reflue urbane: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2007-01-01 167 THE URBAN ECOLOGY OF CANNABIS CiteSeer Summary: Cannabis sativa aka, hemp, marijuana, or Indian hemp, et al, is a tall, robust, dioecious annual that grows from...

  1. ORIGINAL RESEARCH Chung-Horng Lung Joseph E. Urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lung, Chung-Horng

    ORIGINAL RESEARCH Chung-Horng Lung Joseph E. Urban Gerald T. Mackulak Analogy-based domain problem that shares significant aspects with the past problem and C.-H. Lung (&) Department of Systems

  2. Countermeasures to Urban Heat Islands: A Global View

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, Alan

    2006-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An important milestone was passed this year when the fraction of the world's population living in cities exceeded 50%. This shift from the countryside to urban areas is certain to continue and, for many, the destination will be large cities. Already there are over 400 cities with populations greater than one million inhabitants and twenty cities with populations greater than ten million inhabitants. With a growing fraction of the population living in an urban environment, the unique aspects of an urban climate also rise in importance. These include features like air pollution and increased humidity. Another unique feature of the urban climate is the phenomenon of the urban heat island. The urban heat island phenomenon was first observed over one hundred years ago in northern latitude cities, where the city centers were slightly warmer than the suburbs. (Instantaneous communications probably played a role in its identification, much as it did for other weather-related events.) For these cities, a heat island was generally a positive effect because it resulted in reduced heating requirements during the winters. It was only in the 1960s, as air conditioning and heavy reliance on automobiles grew, that the negative impacts of heat islands became apparent. The heat islands made summer conditions much less comfortable and increased air conditioning energy use. Since then the summer heat island has become the dominant environmental concern. Measurements in thousands of sites, plus the development of sophisticated dynamic simulations of urban air basins, has enabled us to better understand the relationships between urban temperatures, sunlight, and rates of formation of air pollutants. These models have also given us insights into the roles of vegetation and other characteristics of the land surface. More recently-roughly the last fifteen years-it has become possible to quantify the roles of the major features influencing the formation and persistence of urban heat islands. These developments also allowed us to answer 'what if' questions, such as, 'what if surfaces were changed to be covered with more vegetation or if the albedo of the streets or the roofs was increased'? These simulations, plus measurements of the impact of actual changes, made it possible to imagine that countermeasures to urban heat islands would result in a cooler city requiring less air conditioning and other benefits. In the past five years we have seen the first generation of countermeasures to urban heat islands appear. 'Cool' roofing materials, are now available and, in California, help comply with energy efficiency requirements for buildings. In Japan, cities are giving special incentives to buildings that provide vegetation on their roofs.

  3. An indoor??outdoor building energy simulator to study urban modification effects on building energy use ?? Model description and validation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda; Kleissl, Jan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T. Williamson,Urbansurfaceenergybalancemodels:modeloftheinternationalurbanenergybalancemodelcomparison,TheInternationalUrbanEnergyBalanceModels Comparison

  4. Modeling sediment in stormwater runoff from urban areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haster, Thomas Wayne

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MODELING SEDIMENT IN STORMWATER RUNOFF FROM URBAN AREAS A Thesis by THOMAS WAYNE HASTER Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject...: Civil Engineering MODELING SEDIMENT IN STORMWATER RUNOFF FROM URBAN AREAS A Thesis by THOMAS WAYNE HASTER Approved as to style and content by: W P mes (C air of ommittee) Bill Batchelor (Member) Donald L. Reddell (Member) James . . Yao (Head...

  5. Nesting ecology of mourning doves in changing urban landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munoz, Anna Maria

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    NESTING ECOLOGY OF MOURNING DOVES IN CHANGING URBAN LANDSCAPES A Thesis by ANNA MARIA MU?OZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences NESTING ECOLOGY OF MOURNING DOVES IN CHANGING URBAN LANDSCAPES A Thesis by ANNA MARIA MU?OZ Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  6. Nesting ecology of mourning doves in changing urban landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munoz, Anna Maria

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    NESTING ECOLOGY OF MOURNING DOVES IN CHANGING URBAN LANDSCAPES A Thesis by ANNA MARIA MU?OZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 2004 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences NESTING ECOLOGY OF MOURNING DOVES IN CHANGING URBAN LANDSCAPES A Thesis by ANNA MARIA MU?OZ Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  7. Logit Models for Estimating Urban Area Through Travel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talbot, Eric

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    LOGIT MODELS FOR ESTIMATING URBAN AREA THROUGH TRAVEL A Thesis by ERIC TALBOT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2010 Major Subject: Civil Engineering LOGIT MODELS FOR ESTIMATING URBAN AREA THROUGH TRAVEL A Thesis by ERIC TALBOT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  8. AN INVESTIGATION OF REMOTELY SENSED URBAN HEAT ISLAND CLIMATOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Leiqiu

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.3.1 Data and Data Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.3.2 Analysis Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2... area in this study. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2 The daily average LSTs of Houston urban and non-Houston urban areas during 11 years. The daily average LSTs are arranged as 8-day period by 45 8-day periods in a year by 11 years...

  9. Behavioral ecology of striped skunk: factors influencing urban rabies management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruffino, Denise Marie

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    interactions between human beings and potential rabies vectors (Hanlon et al. 1999), can reduce the chance of disease transmission to people and pets, it is important to note the reverse is true as well. Within urban/suburban environments, habitat... of mortality factors, common in rural areas, may serve to increase urban skunk survival rates (Riley et al. 1998), while also increasing the threat of disease transmission (Prange et al. 2003). In a comparison study conducted by Gehrt (2005), disease...

  10. Deuteration Can Impact Micellization Pressure and Cloud Pressure of Polystyrene-block-polybutadiene and Polystyrene-block-polyisoprene in Compressible Propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winoto, Winoto [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Shen, Youqin [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Radosz, Maciej [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deuterated homopolymers and their corresponding polystyrene-block-polybutadiene and polystyrene-block-polyisoprene copolymers require lower cloud pressures than their hydrogenous analogues to dissolve in a compressible alkane solvent, such as propane. For symmetric diblocks, deuteration reduces the micellization pressure. By contrast, for asymmetric diblocks with a long diene block relative to the styrene block, deuteration can increase the micellization pressure. All in all, however, the deuteration effects, while measurable, do not qualitatively change the principal diblock properties in compressible propane solutions, such as pressure-induced micelle decomposition, micelle formation and micelle size, and their temperature dependence. Therefore, isotope labeling should be a useful approach to neutron-scattering characterization for styrene-diene block copolymers in compressible alkane systems.

  11. Sources and transport of nitrogen in arid urban watersheds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, Rebecca L.; Turnbull, Laura; Earl, Stevan; Grimm, Nancy B.; Riha, Krystin M.; Michalski, Greg; Lohse, Kathleen; Childers, Daniel L.

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban watersheds are often sources of nitrogen (N) to downstream systems, contributing to poor water quality. However, it is unknown which components (e.g., land cover and stormwater infrastructure type) of urban watersheds contribute to N export and which may be sites of retention. In this study we investigated which watershed characteristics control N sourcing, biogeochemical processing of nitrate (NO3) during storms, and the amount of rainfall N that is retained within urban watersheds. We used triple isotopes of NO3 (?15N, ?18O, and ?17O) to identify sources and transformations of NO3 during storms from 10 nested arid urban watersheds that varied in stormwater infrastructure type and drainage area. Stormwater infrastructure and land coverretention basins, pipes, and grass coverdictated the sourcing of NO3 in runoff. Urban watersheds can be strong sinks or sources of N to stormwater depending on the proportion of rainfall that leaves the watershed as runoff, but we found no evidence that denitrification occurred during storms. Our results suggest that watershed characteristics control the sources and transport of inorganic N in urban stormwater but that retention of inorganic N at the timescale of individual runoff events is controlled by hydrologic, rather than biogeochemical, mechanisms.

  12. Andrew Scott: SDM 10.2010: re:NEWTOWN sustainable urban housing and community 2050 Balancing Urban Housing with Infrastructure Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Andrew Scott: SDM 10.2010: re:NEWTOWN sustainable urban housing and community 2050 Balancing Urban. Professor of Architecture MIT Architect, RIBA AIA copyright Andrew Scott amscott@mit.edu copyright Andrew Scott amscott@mit.edu #12;Andrew Scott: SDM 10.2010: re:NEWTOWN sustainable urban housing and community

  13. Boston Architectural College Urban Sustainability Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byers, Arthur C.

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Boston Architectural College's Urban Sustainability initiative is a demonstration project as defined by the National Energy Technology Laboratory. BAC's proposed project with the U.S. Department of Energy - NETL, is a large part of that overall initiative. The BAC's Urban Sustainability Initiative is a multi-part project with several important goals and objectives that will have a significant impact on the surrounding neighborhood including: energy conservation, reduction of storm water runoff, generation of power through alternative energy sources, elimination/reduction of BAC carbon footprint, and to create a vehicle for ongoing public outreach and education. Education and outreach opportunities will serve to add to the already comprehensive Sustainability Design courses offered at BAC relative to energy savings, performance and conservation in building design. At the finish of these essential capital projects there will be technical materials created for the education of the design, sustainability, engineering, community development and historic preservation communities, to inform a new generation of environmentally-minded designers and practitioners, the city of Boston and the general public. The purpose of the initiative, through our green renovations program, is to develop our green alley projects and energy saving renovations to the BAC physical plant, to serve as a working model for energy efficient design in enclosed 19th century and 20th century urban sites and as an educational laboratory for teaching ecological and sustainable technologies to students and the public while creating jobs. The scope of our project as it relates to the BAC and the U.S. Department of Energy- NETL combined efforts includes: Task I of the project is Phase II (Green Alley). Task I encompasses various renovation activities that will demonstrate the effectiveness of permeable paving and ground water recharge systems. It will aid in the reduction of storm water runoff into the Charles River Basin in one of its most significantly polluted sections and, will provide a green renovation mechanism for the redirected storm water of a public alley way. This activity is designed to improve the quality of water recharging the ground water and protecting the vulnerable wood pilings under many of the historic masonry buildings in Boston's Back Bay. Sustainable design research and system monitoring opportunities will also be incorporated, providing ongoing tools for public outreach and education through innovative signage and "virtual tour" technology. The monitoring will include a "building performance dash board" that reflects real time operating conditions and improvements in environmental and economic performance to be prominently displayed on the face of our 320 Newbury Street building (approximately 1.5 million people walk by annually). The project site and demonstration area is located at the rear of 951 Boylston Street, Boston, MA 02115 and the parking area adjacent to Public Alley #444 in Boston's historic Back Bay. Task II of the project is Geothermal Solution. This task involves the installation of approximately seven Geothermal wells which will tap into the earth's constant underground temperatures to provide air-conditioning and heating for BAC facilities. The environmentally friendly geothermal system uses no fossil fuel, produces no emissions and runs silently, providing a sustainable model for commercial and residential buildings throughout Boston. Ultimately the combination of this project and other projects will assist in making the BAC "carbon-neutral", and could generate enough additional energy to provide free power to the Engine 33 and Ladder 15 Firehouse located at 941 Boylston Street. The project is located at the rear of 951 Boylston Street, Boston, MA 02115 and the parking area adjacent to Public Alley #444 in Boston's historic Back Bay. Task III of the project is the Sustainability Design Curriculum at the BAC. The BAC is the nations largest independent, multi-disciplinary college of spatial design, and a leader in

  14. Public scale : the arcade as an urban phenomenon, its urban implications, and how it can be used today

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, Ching Yi, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is an urban phenomenon called an arcade. I will study it and show how it can be used today. I will investigate its autonomy in forming a public space, the external society, economy, climate, program, and geography, ...

  15. Fuel consumption analyses for urban traffic management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowyer, D.P.; Akcelik, R.; Biggs, D.C.

    1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A primary output from the fuel consumption research conducted by the Australian Road Research Board (ARRB) is the ARRB Special Report, Guide to Fuel Consumption Analyses. This article briefly summarizes the background of the guide, describes its major features, and considers its relevance to urban traffic management decision. The guide was a result of a technical audit of studies relating to energy consumption in traffic and transport systems. A brief summary of the audit process and findings is given. The guide is intended primarily as an aid to effective use of fuel consumption models in the design of traffic management schemes. The forms of four interrelated fuel consumption models of the guide are described and their likely transferability to various situations is indicated. Each traffic and fuel consumption model is appropriate to a particular scale of traffic system. This link is shown for several selected traffic models. As an example, a discussion of the importance of accurate fuel consumption estimates for the case of priority control at a particular intersection is given.

  16. Supersampling and network reconstruction of urban mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sagarra, Oleguer; Santi, Paolo; Diaz-Guilera, Albert; Ratti, Carlo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Understanding human mobility is of vital importance for urban planning, epidemiology, and many other fields that aim to draw policies from the activities of humans in space. Despite recent availability of large scale data sets related to human mobility such as GPS traces, mobile phone data, etc., it is still true that such data sets represent a subsample of the population of interest, and then might give an incomplete picture of the entire population in question. Notwithstanding the abundant usage of such inherently limited data sets, the impact of sampling biases on mobility patterns is unclear -- we do not have methods available to reliably infer mobility information from a limited data set. Here, we investigate the effects of sampling using a data set of millions of taxi movements in New York City. On the one hand, we show that mobility patterns are highly stable once an appropriate simple rescaling is applied to the data, implying negligible loss of information due to subsampling over long time scales. On...

  17. An Urban Parameterization for a Global Climate Model. Part II: Sensitivity to Input Parameters and the Simulated Urban Heat Island in Offline Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleson, Keith W.; Bonan, Gordon B.; Feddema, Johannes J.; Vertenstein, M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tempera- tures of urban systems as impervious fraction increases. In general, these findings are in agreement with those observed for real urban ecosystems. Thus, the model appears to be a useful tool for examining the nature of the urban climate within... of the physical processes controlling energy and water fluxes and 2) the charac- terization of urban morphology and urban materials with respect to aerodynamic, radiative, and heat trans- fer properties (e.g., Terjung and ORourke 1980; Arn- field 2000; Masson...

  18. Sealed Battery Block Provided With A Cooling System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Verhoog, Roelof (Bordeaux, FR); Barbotin, Jean-Loup (Pompignac, FR)

    1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to a sealed battery block operating at a pressure of at least 1 bar relative, the battery including a container made of a plastics material and made up of a lid and of a case subdivided into wells by at least one partition, said battery being provided with a cooling system including two cheek plates made of a plastics material and co-operating with the outside faces of respective ones of two opposite walls of said case, each cheek plate co-operating with the corresponding wall to define a compartment provided with a plurality of ribs forming baffles for fluid flow purposes, and with an inlet orifice and an outlet orifice for the fluid, said battery being characterized in that each of said ribs extends in a direction that forms an angle relative to the plane of said partition lying in the range 60.degree. to 90.degree..

  19. The Evolving Block Universe and the Meshing Together of Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George F R Ellis

    2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    It is proposed that spacetime should be regarded as an evolving block universe, bounded to the future by the present time, which continually extends to the future. This future boundary is defined at each time by measuring proper time along Ricci eigenlines from the start of the universe. A key point is that physical reality can be represented at many different scales: hence the passage of times may be seen as different at different scales, with quantum gravity determining the evolution of space time itself but quantum field theory determining the evolution of events within spacetime .The fundamental issue then arises as to how the effective times at different scales mesh together, leading to the concept so global and local times.

  20. The Pelagian Block (central Mediterranean): Exploration and new opportunities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zappaterra, E. [Chevron Co., London (United Kingdom)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pelagian Block, extending from eastern Tunisia to offshore western Libya and northward to Malta and Sicily, is a complex foreland area structurally active since the Carboniferous, that separates western North Africa from southern Italy. The north (Sicily) and central parts of the Pelagian Block contain Triassic-Lower Jurassic peritidal carbonates with rare evaporites; Middle Jurassic-Eocene pelagic carbonates, and paralic to marine clastics of Oligocene to Pleistocene age, with Messinian evaporites. The Middle Jurassic/Eocene platform to pelagic carbonates of Sicily are gradually replaced southward by basin margin, marine to paralic carbonates and clastics. In eastern Tunisia, these rocks overlie Triassic-Lower Jurasic evaporites. Principal petroleum resources occur offshore SE Sicily, offshore Tunisia and in adjacent Libyan waters. The largest oil fields are Bouri (800 MMB recoverable reserves) and Ashtart (recoverable reserves of 250 MMB). The largest gas field is Miskar (recoverable reserves of 800 BCF). Smaller accumulations are distributed throughout the region. New oil discoveries, ranging in size from 8 MMB to 50 MMB, have recently been made onshore and in the shallow offshore. Proven and potential source beds for hydrocarbons occur in various paleotectonic settings: anoxic lagoons formed in the early continental rifting stages (Triassic/Liassic organic rich units of SE Sicily); subcontinental/paralic coals and shales (Lower Cretaceous of Tunisia); and deeper water anoxic basins (late Mesozoic and Tertiary organic sequences). Additional exploration opportunities are expected in undrilled or sparsely drilled acreage, with traditional plays similar to those tested in the past; or in new plays directed to the exploration of new reservoir objectives.

  1. Excited State Interactions in Calix[4]arene-Perylene Bisimide Dye Conjugates: Global and Target Analysis of Supramolecular Building Blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    Analysis of Supramolecular Building Blocks Catharina Hippius, Ivo H. M. van Stokkum, E. Zangrando, Rene M

  2. Wind- and thermal-driven air flows and the buoyancy and advection effects on air exchange within urban environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnusson, Sigurur Ptur

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human exposure to air pollutants and thermal stress in urban areas are public health concerns. The year 2008 was the first year when more than half of the human population lived in urban areas. Studies of the urban air ...

  3. Post-Project Performance Assessment of a Multi-Phase Urban Stream Restoration Project on Lower Codornices Creek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Docto, Mia; Hoffman, Johanna; Walls, Scott

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a Multi-Phase Urban Stream Restoration Project on Lowerof a Multi-Phase Urban Stream Restoration Project on Lowerof a Multi-Phase Urban Stream Restoration Project on Lower

  4. Professional Learning Communities as a Leadership-Initiated Reform Strategy for Math and Science Teaching in Urban High Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huggins, Kristin Shawn

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    . Thus, this research sought to understand how two urban high schools, one comprehensive high school in a large urban center and one small career academy high school in a medium-sized urban center, implemented professional learning communities as a...

  5. From Outer Space to Green Space: An object oriented approach to classifying urban green space in Kuala Lumpur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blacker, Stefanie

    2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The economic, social and environmental benefits of urban green space are increasingly recognized by governments and urban planners. However, efficient methodologies of quantifying and monitoring the state of urban green spaces are needed to keep...

  6. GRADUATE STUDENT COURSE ASSIGNMENTS Block 1 Discrete Mathematics ---Babai Weeks 18

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    --- Bader Weeks 7­8 Block 5 K-theory --- May Weeks 1­2, 5­8 Block 6 Number Theory (Apprentice) --- Abert (May) (weeks 1­2, 5­8) Abouzaid, Anders (5-8), Fowler (1-2, 5-8), Kamgarpour, Smith Block 6 (Apprentice Anders 6, 5 all 8 Apprentice Mohammed Abouzaid 5 1, 5­7 (Organizer) Elizabeth Beazley 1 all 8 (Babai) Ian

  7. Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) (Oklahoma)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Community Development Block Grant/Economic Development Infrastructure Financing (CDBG/EDIF) provides public infrastructure financing to help communities grow jobs, enable new business startups and...

  8. Weight Distribution of a Class of Binary Linear Block Codes Formed from RCPC Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yushi Dr.; Cosman, Pamela C; Milstein, Laurence B

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    formed from convolutional codes, IEEE Trans. Commun. , vol.terminated convolutional codes, IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory,decoding of linear block codes and related soft- decision

  9. Weight Distribution of a Class of Binary Linear Block Codes Formed from RCPC Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yushi Dr.; Cosman, Pamela C; Milstein, Laurence B

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the weight distribution of terminated convolutionalViterbi, On the weight distribution of linear block codes9, SEPTEMBER 2005 Weight Distribution of a Class of Binary

  10. Synthesis and Characterization of Simultaneous Electronic and Ionic Conducting Block Copolymers for Lithium Battery Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Shrayesh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Copolymer: Application in Lithium Battery Electrodes. Angew.Schematic of the Proposed lithium battery electrode with aBlock Copolymers for Lithium Battery Electrodes By Shrayesh

  11. Data Partitioning for Reconfigurable Architectures with Distributed Block RAM Wenrui Gong Gang Wang Ryan Kastner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherwood, Tim

    Data Partitioning for Reconfigurable Architectures with Distributed Block RAM Wenrui Gong Gang Wang {gong, wanggang, kastner}@ece.ucsb.edu Abstract Modern, high performance reconfigurable architectures

  12. Collapse transitions in thermosensitive multi-block copolymers: A Monte Carlo study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rissanou, Anastassia N., E-mail: rissanou@tem.uoc.gr [Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Crete, GR-71003 Heraklion Crete, Greece and Archimedes Center for Analysis, Modeling and Computation, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, GR-71003 Heraklion Crete (Greece); Tzeli, Despoina S. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, University of Crete, GR-71003 Heraklion Crete (Greece); Anastasiadis, Spiros H. [Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, P.O. Box 2208, 710 03 Heraklion Crete (Greece); Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, GR-71110 Heraklion Crete (Greece); Bitsanis, Ioannis A. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, GR-71110 Heraklion Crete (Greece)

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo simulations are performed on a simple cubic lattice to investigate the behavior of a single linear multiblock copolymer chain of various lengths N. The chain of type (A{sub n}B{sub n}){sub m} consists of alternating A and B blocks, where A are solvophilic and B are solvophobic and N = 2nm. The conformations are classified in five cases of globule formation by the solvophobic blocks of the chain. The dependence of globule characteristics on the molecular weight and on the number of blocks, which participate in their formation, is examined. The focus is on relative high molecular weight blocks (i.e., N in the range of 5005000 units) and very differing energetic conditions for the two blocks (very goodalmost athermal solvent for A and bad solvent for B). A rich phase behavior is observed as a result of the alternating architecture of the multiblock copolymer chain. We trust that thermodynamic equilibrium has been reached for chains of N up to 2000 units; however, for longer chains kinetic entrapments are observed. The comparison among equivalent globules consisting of different number of B-blocks shows that the more the solvophobic blocks constituting the globule the bigger its radius of gyration and the looser its structure. Comparisons between globules formed by the solvophobic blocks of the multiblock copolymer chain and their homopolymer analogs highlight the important role of the solvophilic A-blocks.

  13. A Failure and Structural Analysis of Block Copolymer Electrolytes for Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Gregory Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries By Gregory Michaelfor Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries by Gregory Michaelin rechargeable lithium metal batteries. The block copolymer

  14. Nissan Hypermini Urban Electric Vehicle Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James Francfort; Robert Brayer

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), which is part of DOEs FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program, in partnership with the California cities of Vacaville and Palm Springs, collected mileage and maintenance and repairs data for a fleet of eleven Nissan Hypermini urban electric vehicles (UEVs). The eleven Hyperminis were deployed for various periods between January 2001 and June 2005. During the combined total of 439 months of use, the eleven Hyperminis were driven a total of 41,220 miles by staff from both cities. This equates to an average use of about 22 miles per week per vehicle. There were some early problems with the vehicles, including a charging problem and a need to upgrade the electrical system. In addition, six vehicles required drive system repairs. However, the repairs were all made under warranty. The Hyperminis were generally well-liked and provided drivers with the ability to travel any of the local roads. Full charging of the Hyperminis lithiumion battery pack required up to 4 hours, with about 810 miles of range available for each hour of battery charging. With its right-side steering wheel, some accommodation of the drivers customary driving methods was required to adapt for different blind spots and vehicle manipulation. For that reason, the drivers received orientation and training before using the vehicle. The Hypermini is instrumented in kilometers rather than in miles, which required an adjustment for the drivers to calculate speed and range. As the drivers gained familiarity with the vehicles, there was increased acceptance and a preference for using it over traditional city vehicles. In all cases, the Hyperminis attracted a great amount of attention and interest from the general public.

  15. Nanostructure of Solid Precipitates Obtained by Expansion of Polystyrene-block-Polybutadiene Solutions in Near Critical Propane: Block Ratio and Micellar Solution Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, Jade [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Tyrrell, Zachary [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Radosz, Maciej [University of Wyoming, Laramie; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In contrast to incompressible liquid solutions, compressible near-critical solutions of block copolymers allow for controlling rapid structure transformations with pressure alone. For example, when dissolved in near-critical propane, polystyrene-block-polybutadiene can form a random molecular solution at high pressures, a micellar solution at moderate pressures, and a solvent-free precipitate at low pressures. In contrast to the unstructured virgin copolymer, such a propane-treated precipitate rapidly self-assembles toward structures characteristic of equilibrated block copolymers, such as lamellae, spheres, or cylinders, which depend on the block ratio rather than on the decompression rate or temperature, at least within the rate and temperature ranges investigated in this work. At lower temperatures, however, say below 40 C, glass transition of the styrene-butadiene diblocks can inhibit independent structure formation, while crystallization of their hydrogenated-butadiene analogues can preserve the micellar-solution structure.

  16. Climate Policy Design: Interactions among Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Urban Air Pollution Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Climate Policy Design: Interactions among Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Urban Air Pollution Policy Design: Interactions among Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Urban Air Pollution Constraints by Marcus. The third case examines the benefits of increased policy coordination between air pollution constraints

  17. Movin' on up : mainstreaming under-serviced urban communities in Colombo, Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wickrema, Marinne Dhakshike

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis offers an early look at a radical shift in Sri Lankan urban housing policy regarding slums in the capital city of Colombo. During the 1980s, the Sri Lankan government achieved widespread urban improvements by ...

  18. Eddy covariance flux measurements of pollutant gases in urban Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velasco, Erik

    Eddy covariance (EC) flux measurements of the atmosphere/surface exchange of gases over an urban area are a direct way to improve and evaluate emissions inventories, and, in turn, to better understand urban atmospheric ...

  19. Textual Dimensions of Urban Space in M.A. Bulgakov's Master and Margarita

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dement, Sidney Eric

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation explores the relationship between urban space and urban text according to the principles outlined by the Moscow-Tartu School of Semiotics in the 1980s and 90s. While the Petersburg Text in V.N. Toporov's ...

  20. Building upon ruins : the evolution of an urban artifact from infrastructure to public space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passavanti, Lenore Antonia

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A thesis is about what architecture can be. In my thesis I propose that urban infrastructure built in the late nineteenth-century, can be the foundation for urban public space in the late twentieth-century. I propose that ...

  1. Rooftop Gardens: A Feasible Method for Urban Sustainability in the UK?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, Oliver

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Urbanisation is causing cities to expand and increase in density. As this happens, nature is removed from urban areas and replaced with concrete, slate and metal surfaces; carbon emissions increase; the Urban Heat Island ...

  2. Governing urban land : the political economy of the ULCRA in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Faizan Jawed

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I look at the political economy of the Urban Land (Ceiling and Regulation) Act (ULCRA) in Mumbai, India. Enacted in 1976, the stated aim of this legislation was to prevent speculation in the urban land ...

  3. Hydrology and channel form of an urban creek : Rheem Creek in the context of restoration efforts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balazs, Carolina; Lang, Micah

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Reach 3 Hydrology and Channel Form of an Urban Creek:Rheem Creek in the Context of Restoration Efforts CarolinaChannel Form of an Urban Creek: Rheem Creek in the Context

  4. Popular urban settlements in Athens : a comparative study of low income housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kitsiou, Triada

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study is concerned with aspects of housing and urban development related to the lower income groups in the context of urbanization in Athens, Greece. It identifies and evaluates typical low income housing settlements ...

  5. "Table HC8.5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Urban/Rural Location...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by UrbanRural Location, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"UrbanRural Location (as Self-Reported)" ,"Housing Units (millions)" "Space Heating...

  6. Fact #775: April 15, 2013 Top Ten Urban Areas for Fuel Wasted...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5: April 15, 2013 Top Ten Urban Areas for Fuel Wasted due to Traffic Congestion, 2011 Fact 775: April 15, 2013 Top Ten Urban Areas for Fuel Wasted due to Traffic Congestion, 2011...

  7. Participation as an end versus a means : understanding a recurring dilemma in urban upgrading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fallavier, Pierre

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the 1920s, participatory approaches to urban upgrading in developing nations have demonstrated that involving the urban poor in the physical, social, and economic development of their settlements could improve their ...

  8. Rediscovering the River Bivre : the feasibility of restoring ecological functions in an urban stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Jacob T., 1978-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Bivre's 36-kilometer course stretches from the southwest of Paris near Satin-Quentin-en- Yvelines through numerous towns before disappearing into the urban hydraulic network upon its approach to Paris's dense urban ...

  9. 11.301J / 4.252J Introduction to Urban Design and Development, Fall 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frenchman, Dennis M.

    Examines both the structure of cities and ways they can be changed. Includes historical forces that have produced cities, models of urban analysis, contemporary theories of urban design, implementation strategies. Core ...

  10. The Complexities of Systems Change in Creating Equity for Students With Disabilities in Urban Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kozleski, Elizabeth B.; Smith, Anne

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article explores the complexities of urban school improvement and systems change through the lens of educational equity policy initiatives. The authors situate urban schools within a critical context where contested identity politics...

  11. An examination of urban heat island characteristics in a global climate model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleson, Keith W.; Bonan, Gordon B.; Feddema, Johannes J.; Jackson, Trisha L.

    2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A parameterization for urban surfaces has been incorporated into the Community Land Model as part of the Community Climate System Model. The parameterization allows global simulation of the urban environment, in particular the temperature of cities...

  12. Interpreting a contemporary urban vernacular for cities : --the case of Delhi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Avik

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The broad aim of this thesis is to investigate whether the regulatory environment in an urban setting can be utilized to nurture appropriate urban forms. The word 'form' here includes both physical characteristics, and the ...

  13. Transformations of Spanish urban landscapes in the American Southwest, 1821-1900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brew, Nina V

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Through an examination of changes in urban structure and building form, I will consider the continuity of historical Spanish urban form in the American Southwest. The study encompasses three phases of increasing Anglo ...

  14. The gift of good, vacant land : urban agriculture and redevelopment in the city of Baltimore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Andrew (Andrew John)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urban agriculture in US cities has historically been treated as an interim land use, deemed only appropriate when real estate markets do not support the development of vacant land. However, urban agriculture in the 21st ...

  15. Transformation of the courtyard house--low-rise high density urban housing in Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Gene S. (Gene Sungjin)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The idea of low-rise high-density urban housing is based on two fundamental objectives: 1) To provide higher density by intensifying land use as urban growth escalates at an unprecedented rate. 2) To reconsider the essential ...

  16. Hydro-Ecologic Responses to Land Use in Small Urbanizing Watersheds Within the Chesapeake Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Margaret A.

    Hydro-Ecologic Responses to Land Use in Small Urbanizing Watersheds Within the Chesapeake Bay. The consequences for both the hydrology and 41 #12;42 HYDRO-ECOLOGIC RESPONSES TO LAND USE IN SMALL URBANIZING

  17. The transition of urban growth in China : a case study of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Mingzheng, 1965-

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Chinese government announced new economic reform policies in December of 1978. The announcement included an urban distribution policy that emphasized small cities and towns for rural urbanization as a means to achieve ...

  18. Study and prediction of the energy interactions between buildings and the urban climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bueno Unzeta, Bruno

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Urbanization produces higher air temperatures in cities than in the undeveloped rural surroundings. This phenomenon is known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect and has been measured in different cities around the world. ...

  19. Urban agriculture and operational mosquito larvae control: mitigating malaria risk in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Urban agriculture and operational mosquito larvae control: mitigating malaria risk in Dar es Salaam ................................................................................................... 8 1.4 Study area: Dar es Salaam ...................................................................................10 1.5 Urban agriculture in Dar es Salaam

  20. Freight Distribution Tours in Congested Urban Areas: Characteristics and Implications for Carriers' Operations and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    trip generation, distribution, or network assignment are scant or nonexistent [1]. ConfidentialityFreight Distribution Tours in Congested Urban Areas: Characteristics and Implications for Carriers;FREIGHT DISTRIBUTION TOURS IN CONGESTED URBAN AREAS: CHARACTERISTICS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR CARRIERS

  1. 11.301J / 4.252J Introduction to Urban Design and Development, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frenchman, Dennis M.

    Examines both the structure of cities and ways they can be changed. Includes historical forces that have produced cities, models of urban analysis, contemporary theories of urban design, implementation strategies. Core ...

  2. The Rab' in Cairo : a window on Mamluk architecture and urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayed, Hazem I

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation is a reassessment of Mamluk architecture and urbanism in Cairo, based on a detailed study of one of the more important elements in its urban fabric, the rab' or apartment building. This building type is ...

  3. Development of a fast, urban chemistry metamodel for inclusion in global models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Jason Blake

    A reduced form metamodel has been produced to simulate the effects of physical, chemical, and meteorological processing of highly reactive trace species in urban areas, which is capable of efficiently simulating the urban ...

  4. Urban land subdivision : a case for more practical by-laws, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Hsueh-Jane

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis, dealing with the land subdivision in urban areas, evaluates inefficiency of the case studies resulting from inadequate and improper existing by-laws in Kaohsiung and provides guidelines for urban development. ...

  5. Structure and motion in urban environments using upright panoramas Jonathan Ventura Tobias Hollerer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollerer, Tobias

    Structure and motion in urban environments using upright panoramas Jonathan Ventura · Tobias H scenarios for the creation of urban models for virtual environments. Firstly, panoramic captures J. Ventura

  6. Community mobilization and ecological outcomes in peri-urban Mexico City, 1989-1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuBroff, Nicholas (Nicholas Jarad)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beginning in the 1930s and continuing through the 1970s, Mexico City developed swiftly, thus engendering rapid urbanization and a demographic boom. The majority of population growth occurred on peri-urban agricultural and ...

  7. Urban co-existence : a new typology for transit exchange in an automobile dominated city

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Shani Eunjin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Delineated by the reign of the automobile, the urban fabric of Los Angeles is a landscape of superblocks, six lane highways, and an abundance of parking lots. These residual urban voids intensify the spatial chasm between ...

  8. Northern Boulevard office district : urban design analysis and projections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rask, Walter S

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis takes as its premise the proposition that the pattern of street rights-of-way (and, by implication, utility alignments), blocks and parcelization are together the strongest and most persistent determinants of ...

  9. COPING WITH CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS AND SOILS IN THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JONES,K.W.; VAN DER LELIE,D.; MCGUIGAN,M.; ET AL.

    2004-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Soils and sediments contaminated with toxic organic and inorganic compounds harmful to the environment and to human health are common in the urban environment. We report here on aspects of a program being carried out in the New York/New Jersey Port region to develop methods for processing dredged material from the Port to make products that are safe for introduction to commercial markets. We discuss some of the results of the program in Computational Environmental Science, Laboratory Environmental Science, and Applied Environmental Science and indicate some possible directions for future work. Overall, the program elements integrate the scientific and engineering aspects with regulatory, commercial, urban planning, local governments, and community group interests. Well-developed connections between these components are critical to the ultimate success of efforts to cope with the problems caused by contaminated urban soils and sediments.

  10. Home-Based Enterprises in Urban Spaces: An Obligation for Strategic Planning?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezeadichie, Nkeiru

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2002. Globalization and the Informal Economy: How GlobalSupported by globalization, the urban informal economy helps

  11. Going Green? Urban vs. Rural Residency and Pro-Environmental Attitudes in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiu, Samantha

    drinking water by 2010 [?] and demands to improve urban sewage systems in cities with populations over 200,000; hoping that by 2010 at least 60% of urban water and 95% of industrial waste will be processed in order to reach a certain environmental... of hukou? household registration categorized by urban or rural residency. The following is an overview of the CCP?s distinct urban and rural measurement system and justifies why this measurement is necessary to understand economic and social reform...

  12. Urban Form Energy Use and Emissions in China: Preliminary Findings and Model Proof of Concept

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    urban areas US national-level data on transportation and land use Purpose Development of sector GHG emissions inventories

  13. Clean Urban Transport for Europe CUTE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCityClean Economy Network JumpClean FuelsClean Urban

  14. SAMPLE INTERNSHIP DESCRIPTION NOT CURRENTLY OPEN FOR INFORMATION ONLY Urban Forestry Internship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SAMPLE INTERNSHIP DESCRIPTION ­ NOT CURRENTLY OPEN ­ FOR INFORMATION ONLY Urban Forestry Internship Portland Parks & Recreation Description: Position Summary: Assist with a wide variety of urban forestry, education events, and working with volunteers. The City of Portland's Urban Forestry Division manages 250

  15. Atmosphere-Water Interaction of Chloroform, Toluene, and MTBE in Small Perennial Urban Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atmosphere-Water Interaction of Chloroform, Toluene, and MTBE in Small Perennial Urban Streams-butyl ether (MTBE) are frequently detected VOCs in the atmosphere, surface water, and ground water in urban not be the predominant source of chloroform and toluene in the two urban streams. In contrast, MTBE may be coming from

  16. Ris-R-Report Urban Wind Energy-State of the Art 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Within the area of urban wind energy, different applications are to be distinguished. The main groups-R-1668(EN) 1 INTRODUCTION Wind energy in urban areas is a new area and a rather blank page concerning the energy to the grid and reduction of transmission loss. Within the area of urban wind energy, different

  17. INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurlien

    INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS M of the surface energy balance of urban areas, based on both experimental investigations and numerical models in urban areas is commonly limited to a few sites, often just at airports. The surface energy balance

  18. Urban Physiology: City Ants Possess High Heat Tolerance Michael J. Angilletta Jr1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angilletta, Michael

    Urban Physiology: City Ants Possess High Heat Tolerance Michael J. Angilletta Jr1 *, Robbie S on a global scale, leading to urban heat islands as much as 12uC hotter than their surroundings. Optimality models predict ectotherms in urban areas should tolerate heat better and cold worse than ectotherms

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE The study of metal contamination in urban topsoils of Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Short, Daniel

    - politan area of Mexico City. Keywords Heavy metals Á GIS Á Mexico City Á Urban topsoils Á Pollution ÁORIGINAL ARTICLE The study of metal contamination in urban topsoils of Mexico City using GIS Mari distribution of heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Zn, Ba, Co, Cr, Ni and V) in the urban environments of Mexico City using

  20. VEGETATED ROOFS FOR URBAN ECOSYSTEM REMEDIATION: PERFORMANCE AND POLICY IN THE TANYARD BRANCH WATERSHED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosemond, Amy Daum

    VEGETATED ROOFS FOR URBAN ECOSYSTEM REMEDIATION: PERFORMANCE AND POLICY IN THE TANYARD BRANCH the urbanization process. This study evaluated the performance and feasibility of using vegetated or green roof systems for urban ecosystem remediation. The stormwater retention performance of a thin-layer green roof

  1. Assessing urban logistics pooling sustainability via a hierarchic dashboard from a group decision perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Assessing urban logistics pooling sustainability via a hierarchic dashboard from a group decision to measure the sustainable performance of urban logistics pooling systems. To do this, we start by defining it, since the method is able to be replicated in any context of group decision in urban logistics

  2. The deployment of urban logistics solutions from research, development and pilot results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    The deployment of urban logistics solutions from research, development and pilot results Lessons logistics solutions is one of the main pending questions in the field of urban goods transport research demonstration project, this paper presents the main issues related to the deployment of urban logistics

  3. Complete Residential Urban Area Reconstruction from Dense Aerial LiDAR Point Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Complete Residential Urban Area Reconstruction from Dense Aerial LiDAR Point Clouds Qian-Yi Zhou area modeling and residential area modeling is that the latter usually con- tains rich vegetation. Thus representing the 3D urban reality of residential areas. Keywords: urban modeling, LiDAR, residential area

  4. Multivariate Non-stationary Stochastic Streamflow Models for Two Urban , R. Vogel2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    as changes in the water use cycle. Urbanization leads to construction of water distribution systems and storm1 Multivariate Non-stationary Stochastic Streamflow Models for Two Urban Watersheds M. Ng1 , R: urbanization and changes in climate and water use are examples of such influences. The evolution

  5. DRUGS OF ABUSE IN URBANDRUGS OF ABUSE IN URBAN GROUNDWATER. A CASE STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    in urban groundwater. A case study: Barcelona". Science of the Total Enviroment 424, 280-288. Doi: 10Reduction because of: Deteriorating quality #12;IntroductionThe problem Urban aquifers may suffer pollution from different recharge sourcesUrban aquifers may suffer pollution from different recharge sources As a result

  6. Synthesis and Characterization of Simultaneous Electronic and Ionic Conducting Block Copolymers for Lithium Battery Electrodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Shrayesh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Battery Electrodes by Shrayesh Naran Patel Abstract Synthesis and Characterizationand Characterization of Simultaneous Electronic and Ionic Conducting Block Copolymers for Lithium BatteryBattery Design ..10 1.6 Outline of Dissertation 12 Chapter 2 Poly(3-alkylthiophene-block-ethylene oxide) Synthesis and Characterization .

  7. TESLA Report 2003-29 Functional analysis of DSP blocks in FPGA chips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TESLA Report 2003-29 Functional analysis of DSP blocks in FPGA chips for application in TESLA LLRF blocks. The new functionalities are well suited for the application in the TESLA LLRF cavity simulation in the FPGA chips of Altera and Xilinx. There were compared the results for a few different chips. The TESLA

  8. Designs for the manufacture of manipulable plastic DNA/RNA building blocks for learning life science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemanski, Bethany I

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The subject of this thesis is the design of custom injection-molded manipulable DNA building blocks for use in a hands-on life sciences educational kit. The new design of the DNA building blocks is meant to replace the ...

  9. Scalable massively parallel simplex algorithms for block-structured linear programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Julian

    Scalable massively parallel simplex algorithms for block-structured linear programs Ilkay Boduro of Mathematics, University of Edinburgh September 14th 2007 Scalable massively parallel simplex algorithms for block-structured linear programs #12;Simplex methods for LP problems minimize f = cT x subject to Ax = b

  10. On Joint Detection and Decoding of Linear Block Codes on Gaussian Vector Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vikalo, Haris

    On Joint Detection and Decoding of Linear Block Codes on Gaussian Vector Channels HARIS VIKALO the noise and over the lattice. For binary linear block codes, we find the expected com- plexity in closed, multiple-antenna systems, lattice problems, NP hard, expected complexity, joint detection and decoding 1

  11. A practical post-processing technique for real-time block-based coding system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Chris Y. H.

    1 A practical post-processing technique for real-time block-based coding system Yuk-Hee Chan, Sung to restore the images encoded with block-based compression standards such as JPEG. This method classi es with the reported post-processing methods. Keywords| I. Introduction THE Joint Photographic Experts Group JPEG im

  12. Block-LDA: Jointly Modeling Entity-Annotated Text and Entity-Entity Links

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airoldi, Edoardo "Edo"

    13 Block-LDA: Jointly Modeling Entity-Annotated Text and Entity-Entity Links Ramnath.1 Introduction ................................................................................ 256 13.2 Block-entity link modeling by jointly modeling links and text about the entities that are linked. We apply the model

  13. THE MITTAGLEFFLER PROCESS AND A SCALING LIMIT FOR THE BLOCK COUNTING PROCESS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Möhle, Martin

    THE MITTAG­LEFFLER PROCESS AND A SCALING LIMIT FOR THE BLOCK COUNTING PROCESS OF THE BOLTHAUSEN, for example an explicit formula for the joint moments of its finite dimensional distributions. The main result states that the block counting process of the Bolthausen­Sznitman n-coalescent, properly scaled

  14. SPACETIME BLOCK CODING : JOINT DETECTION AND CHANNEL ESTIMATION USING MULTIPLE MODEL THEORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    SPACE­TIME BLOCK CODING : JOINT DETECTION AND CHANNEL ESTIMATION USING MULTIPLE MODEL THEORY Harini of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD. Email: visakan@sheffield.ac.uk ABSTRACT A joint decoding method for space­time block codes [1, 2] is pre­ sented. The space­time coded signals can be viewed as a first

  15. Jointly Optimized Spatial Prediction and Block Transform for Video and Image Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    1 Jointly Optimized Spatial Prediction and Block Transform for Video and Image Coding Jingning Han, IEEE Abstract--This paper proposes a novel approach to jointly optimize spatial prediction substantial reduction in blocking artifacts, due to the fact that the transform now adapts to the statistics

  16. SPACE-TIME BLOCK CODING : JOINT DETECTION AND CHANNEL ESTIMATION USING MULTIPLE MODEL THEORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    SPACE-TIME BLOCK CODING : JOINT DETECTION AND CHANNEL ESTIMATION USING MULTIPLE MODEL THEORY Harini of Sheffield, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD. Email: visakan@sheffield.ac.uk ABSTRACT A joint decoding method for space-time block codes [1, 2] is pre- sented. The space-time coded signals can be viewed as a first

  17. Improving MPEG-4 coding performance by jointly optimising compression and blocking effect elimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Chris Y. H.

    1 Improving MPEG-4 coding performance by jointly optimising compression and blocking effect and Information Engineering The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong ABSTRACT In most current block into account in the compression and the two processes can be jointly optimised. An example is also provided

  18. GRADUATE STUDENT COURSE ASSIGNMENTS |_|_Block_1Di|screte_Mathematics__-_Babai___________We|eks_1-8_____| |

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    -|theory__-_May_________________________|Weeks_1-2,_5-8_| | |_|_Block_6Nu|mber_Theory_(Apprentice)__-_Abert_BabaiW|eeks_1-8), Kamgarpour, Smith Block 6 (Apprentice) (weeks 1-4, mentoring also 5-8) Anders, Booth, Holden, Madapusi ___________________________________________________ |_|_Name________________B|lock_|Weeks__|_Mentoring_ | | | | Alan Anders 6|, 5 |all 8 A|pprentice

  19. Synthesis of highly ordered mesoporous silica materials using sodium silicate and amphiphilic block copolymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ji Man

    Synthesis of highly ordered mesoporous silica materials using sodium silicate and amphiphilic block) structures, using sodium silicate as the silica source and amphiphilic block copolymers as the structure of mesoporous silica material using nonionic surfac- tant and sodium silicate in the pH range 3­10.5. However

  20. Multi-block sulfonated poly(phenylene) copolymer proton exchange membranes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fujimoto, Cy H. (Albuquerque, NM); Hibbs, Michael (Albuquerque, NM); Ambrosini, Andrea (Albuquerque, NM)

    2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Improved multi-block sulfonated poly(phenylene) copolymer compositions, methods of making the same, and their use as proton exchange membranes (PEM) in hydrogen fuel cells, direct methanol fuel cells, in electrode casting solutions and electrodes. The multi-block architecture has defined, controllable hydrophobic and hydrophilic segments. These improved membranes have better ion transport (proton conductivity) and water swelling properties.