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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Unsaturated macrocyclic carbonyl bridge compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unsaturated macrocyclic carbonyl bridge compounds ... Catalytic Ring-Closing Metathesis of Doubly Armed, Bridged Bicyclic Sulfones. ...

C. F. H. Allen; J. A. VanAllan

1953-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

On rings of structural numbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

structural numbers over the set X, and let B(X) have the operations defined above with equality also as before. Theorem I. l. If X is any set, then B(X) is a commutative ring with identity. Proof. The structural number 0 is the additive identity element... with identity g. Definition I. 7. If A, B e S(X) then A'B = (P U q ( p e A, q e B, p Il q = &f and p U q can be formed in an odd number of ways). ~E1 t. 4. L t A = (( . b), (bj. 7 )) 4 B = ((b, c), (b), (a)) be in S(X) for some X. Then AD B = {{b, a), {a...

Powell, Wayne Bruce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

3

Structure and electronic properties of saturated and unsaturated gallium nitride nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

The atomic and electronic structures of saturated and unsaturated GaN nanotubes along the [001] direction with (100) lateral facets are studied using first-principles calculations. Atomic relaxation of nanotubes shows that appreciable distortion occurs in the unsaturated nanotubes. All the nanotubes considered, including saturated and unsaturated ones, exhibit semiconducting, with a direct band gap. Surface states arisen from the threefold-coordinated N and Ga atoms at the lateral facets exist inside the bulk-like band gap. When the nanotubes saturated with hydrogen, these dangling bond bands are removed from the band gap, but the band gap decreases with increasing the wall thickness of the nanotubes.

Wang, Zhiguo; Wang, Shengjie; Li, Jingbo; Gao, Fei; Weber, William J.

2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

4

Structure of rings in vitreous SiO2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure of n-fold rings in vitreous SiO2 is investigated using molecular-dynamics configurations. A recently developed interaction potential for SiO2 consisting of long-range Coulomb interactions, the effect of electronic polarizability, and three-body covalent forces is used in the molecular-dynamics study of the vitreous state. Results for the statistics of rings and distribution of interatomic distances and bond angles in the rings are presented for the vitreous state. The statistics of rings for the molten state is also discussed.

José P. Rino; Ingvar Ebbsjö; Rajiv K. Kalia; Aiichiro Nakano; Priya Vashishta

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Unicell structure for superconducting storage rings  

SciTech Connect

Mechanically integrated, magnetically decoupled storage rings were designed for a heavy ion collider for 100 GeV/amu Au, at B = 2.7T. New concepts were developed, including detailed engineering design and cost estimates. A ''unicell'' contains a half-cell of both rings within a single He vessel. The unicell design is optimized for economical mass production. Survey pads welded to the laminations provide external fiducials to locate the magnet cores. Roller bearing self aligning supports accommodate cool-down shrinkage. The design tolerates relative motion of components resulting from longitudinal shrinkage in the approx.15 m long unicell without affecting performance. Magnetic and physical lengths are the same, eliminating waste space. ''Achromatic'' quadrupoles with sextupoles at both ends are located on a common precision beam tube which aligns and supports a pick-up electrode. The unicell accommodates longer dipoles compared to conventional designs, reducing B/sub max/, stored energy, and the volume of iron and superconductor. Applications to future machines will be discussed.

Danby, G.; DeVito, B.; Jackson, J.; Keohane, G.; Lee, Y.Y.; Phillips, R.; Plate, S.; Repeta, L.; Skaritka, J.; Smith, L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From Protein Structure to From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore Print Wednesday, 28 August 2013 00:00 Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) act as the central gatekeepers for selective transport between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. They allow the exchange of selected proteins and ribonucleoproteins, while preventing the transport of material not meant to cross the nuclear envelope. The NPC transport channel is the largest and most complex transport conduit in the eukaryotic kingdom and it is likely composed of only 3 out of 30 nuclear pore complex proteins (nups). Researchers from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the Rockefeller University have determined crystal structures of interacting domains of these centrally located channel nups, Nup54, Nup58, and Nup62, using data collected at ALS Beamline 8.2.1. These structures allowed them to elucidate the molecular mechanism that underlies large-scale diameter changes of NPCs and propose a 'ring cycle' for dilating and constricting NPCs from 10-50 nm. The ring cycle would provide a method to adjust transport activities to cellular demands with a rapid response time.

7

From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore Print From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore Print Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) act as the central gatekeepers for selective transport between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. They allow the exchange of selected proteins and ribonucleoproteins, while preventing the transport of material not meant to cross the nuclear envelope. The NPC transport channel is the largest and most complex transport conduit in the eukaryotic kingdom and it is likely composed of only 3 out of 30 nuclear pore complex proteins (nups). Researchers from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the Rockefeller University have determined crystal structures of interacting domains of these centrally located channel nups, Nup54, Nup58, and Nup62, using data collected at ALS Beamline 8.2.1. These structures allowed them to elucidate the molecular mechanism that underlies large-scale diameter changes of NPCs and propose a 'ring cycle' for dilating and constricting NPCs from 10-50 nm. The ring cycle would provide a method to adjust transport activities to cellular demands with a rapid response time.

8

From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore Print From Protein Structure to Function: Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore Print Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) act as the central gatekeepers for selective transport between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. They allow the exchange of selected proteins and ribonucleoproteins, while preventing the transport of material not meant to cross the nuclear envelope. The NPC transport channel is the largest and most complex transport conduit in the eukaryotic kingdom and it is likely composed of only 3 out of 30 nuclear pore complex proteins (nups). Researchers from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the Rockefeller University have determined crystal structures of interacting domains of these centrally located channel nups, Nup54, Nup58, and Nup62, using data collected at ALS Beamline 8.2.1. These structures allowed them to elucidate the molecular mechanism that underlies large-scale diameter changes of NPCs and propose a 'ring cycle' for dilating and constricting NPCs from 10-50 nm. The ring cycle would provide a method to adjust transport activities to cellular demands with a rapid response time.

9

On the origin of irregular structure in Saturn's rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest that the irregular structure in Saturn's B ring arises from the formation of shear-free ring-particle assemblies of up to ~100 km in radial extent. The characteristic scale of the irregular structure is set by the competition between tidal forces and the yield stress of these assemblies; the required tensile strength of ~10^5 dyn/cm^2 is consistent with the sticking forces observed in laboratory simulations of frosted ice particles. These assemblies could be the nonlinear outcome of a linear instability that occurs in a rotating fluid disk in which the shear stress is a decreasing function of the shear. We show that a simple model of an incompressible, non-Newtonian fluid in shear flow leads to the Cahn-Hilliard equation, which is widely used to model the formation of structure in binary alloys and other systems.

Scott Tremaine

2002-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

10

Investigations into the Structure and Function of the Escherichia coli FtsZ-Ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigations into the Structure and Function of the Escherichia coli FtsZ-Ring by Jesse Stricker into the Structure and Function of the Escherichia coli FtsZ-Ring by Jesse Stricker Department of Cell Biology Duke

Erickson, Harold P.

11

Electronic structure of unsaturated ethers and thioethers by uv photoelectron spectroscopy andab initio quantum mechanical calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ab initio quantum mechanical calculations and photoelectron (PE) spectroscopy measurements of ... and thioethers provided a reliable description of the electronic structure, in particular as far ...

G. Modena; F. Marcuzzi; E. Tondello; D. Ajó

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Connections between Spectra and Structure in Saturn's Main Rings Based on Cassini VIMS Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saturn's main rings exhibit variations in both their opacity and spectral properties on a broad range of spatial scales, and the correlations between these parameters can provide insights into the processes that shape the composition and dynamics of the rings. The Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) instrument onboard the Cassini Spacecraft has obtained spectra of the rings between 0.35 and 5.2 microns with sufficient spatial resolution to discern variations on scales below 200 km. These relatively high-resolution spectral data reveal that both the depths of the near-infrared water-ice absorption bands and the visible spectral slopes are often correlated with structural parameters such as the rings' optical depth. Using a simplified model for the ring-particles' regolith properties, we have begun to disentangle the trends due to changes in the gross composition of the ring particles from those that may be due to shifts in the texture of the ring particles' regolith. Consistent with previous studie...

Hedman, M M; Cuzzi, J N; Clark, R N; Filacchione, G; Capaccioni, F; Ciarniello, M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

SMITH IDEALS OF STRUCTURED RING SPECTRA Abstract. Pursuing ideas of Jeff Smith, we develop a homotopy theory of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SMITH IDEALS OF STRUCTURED RING SPECTRA MARK HOVEY Abstract. Pursuing ideas of Jeff Smith, we develop a homotopy theory of ideals of monoids in a symmetric monoidal model category. This includes Smith ideals of structured ring spectra and of differential graded algebras. Such Smith ideals

Hovey, Mark

14

Unsaturated Zone I. Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 2 Unsaturated Zone I. Overview If the Yucca Mountain site is deemed suitable for re of the extent of welding, the tuffs within the UZ at Yucca Mountain are grouped informally into hydrogeologic Yucca Mountain is illustrated in Figure 2-1 on page 14. A. Why UZ Was Chosen Initial studies of Yucca

15

SELF-GRAVITY WAKE STRUCTURES IN SATURN'S A RING REVEALED BY CASSINI VIMS Matthew M. Hedman and Philip D. Nicholson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SELF-GRAVITY WAKE STRUCTURES IN SATURN'S A RING REVEALED BY CASSINI VIMS Matthew M. Hedman (Mira) observedby theVisual andInfraredMappingSpectrometer (VIMS) onboard the Cassini orbiter

Salo, Heikki

16

Structure of middle distillate fuels on the atomic carbon and hydrogen to carbon ratio at alpha position to aromatic rings  

SciTech Connect

The alkyl, naphthenic, or total carbon atoms of the functional groups at alpha position to aromatic rings and their hydrogen to carbon ratio are some of the important parameters for structural analysis of fossil fuel products. In this paper, the authors present a number of novel formula-structure relationships for precise determination of different carbon atom types at alpha position to aromatic rings and the average number of hydrogens per alpha-carbon.

Glavincevski, B.; Gulder, O.L.; Gardner, L

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Unsaturated Zone Hydrology Jasper Vrugt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEE 271 Unsaturated Zone Hydrology Instructor Jasper Vrugt Engineering Tower #834E / #536 (LAB) Tel.: 505-231-2698 jasper @uci.edu Office Hours: By Appointment Lecture, 1 hour; discussion, 20 minutes: ICS

Vrugt, Jasper A.

18

Modeling the structural behavior of the piston rings under different boundary conditions in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the process of designing internal combustion engine, piston ring plays an important role in fulfilling the requirements of camber gas sealing, friction reduction and lubrication oil consumption. The goal of this thesis ...

Xu, Dian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The Geographic Distribution, Genetic Structure and Cultural Management of Waitea circinata var. circinata, the Causal Agent of Brown Ring Patch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. 2005. Brown ring patch: A new disease on bentgrass causedM. 2005. Brown ring patch: A new disease on bentgrass causedfor the control of brown ring patch in southern California,

CHEN, CHIMIN

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Effect of internal stiffening rings and wall thickness on the structural response of steel wind turbine towers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, the structural response of steel tubular wind turbine towers with various design configurations is analysed using FEM modelling. Towers of various heights between 50 and 250 m are considered and investigated with three different design options as follows: (i) thick walled tower with internal horizontal stiffening rings, (ii) thick walled tower without stiffening rings and (iii) thin walled tower with stiffening rings. Based on this analysis, weight reduction ratios are examined in relation to the horizontal sway and von Mises stress increase ratios in order to identify a more efficient design approach between reducing the wall thickness and adopting internal stiffeners. All studied design solutions satisfy the strength and serviceability requirements as specified by the design codes of practice. In the final part of paper, the dynamic characteristics of these three types of towers have been examined to obtain the natural frequencies and mode shapes. The studied model ignored the mass of nacelle-rotor system and the wind turbines, namely, only the isolated tower was included. Furthermore, the recommendations to avoid resonance for each height case are proposed.

Y. Hu; C. Baniotopoulos; J. Yang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Coordinatively unsaturated Al3+ centers as binding sites for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coordinatively unsaturated Al3+ centers as binding sites for active catalyst phases on ?-Al2O3. Coordinatively unsaturated Al3+ centers as binding sites for active catalyst...

22

RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION IN TUFF UNDER UNSATURATED CONDITIONS  

SciTech Connect

An understanding of the transport of radionuclides through unsaturated and saturated tuffaceous material is essential in assessing the safety of the proposed high-level waste repository at Yucca Mountain. Migration experiments with conservative and chemically reactive non-radioactive tracers have been performed at the Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone underground facility, SE of Yucca Mountain, and with radionuclides in columns of crushed tuff at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. In this paper, complementary radionuclide migration experiments, performed under unsaturated conditions in a small block of tuff excavated from Busted Butte, are described.

T.T. Vandergraaf

2000-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

23

FRP Retrofit of the Ring-Beam of a Nuclear Reactor Containment Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Popovic. K. W. Neale. S. Rizkalla. and G. Tadros Synopsis: The Gentilly· l nuclear power plant, in Quebec support. Keywords: concrete repair; fiber optic sensors; nuclear power plant; structural monitoring. 1. HISTORY 1.1 Decommissioning of the Reactor The Gentilly-I nuclear power plant, located

24

Hamiltonian Structure for a Neutrally Buoyant Rigid Body Interacting with N Vortex Rings of Arbitrary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@uiuc.edu Scott David Kelly Department of Mechanical Engineering and Science, 9201 University City Boulevard. The Hamiltonian function is the total kinetic energy of the system with the self-induced kinetic energy regularized. The Hamilto- nian structure is independent of the shape of the body, (and hence) the explicit

Shashikanth, Banavara N.

25

Temporal Damping Effect of the Yucca Mountain Fractured Unsaturated Rock on Transient Infiltration Pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain. J. of Cont. Hydrol. ,2003b. Calibration of Yucca Mountain unsaturated zone flowthe unsaturated zone, Yucca Mountain, USGS Water Resources

Zhang, Keni; Wu, Yu-Shu; Pan, Lehua

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Does Water Content or Flow Rate Control Colloid Transport in Unsaturated Porous Media?  

SciTech Connect

Mobile colloids can play an important role in contaminant transport in soils: many contaminants exist in colloidal form, and colloids can facilitate transport of otherwise immobile contaminants. In unsaturated soils, colloid transport is, among other factors, affected by water content and flow rate. Our objective was to determine whether water content or flow rate is more important for colloid transport. We passed negatively charged polystyrene colloids (220 nm diameter) through unsaturated sand-filled columns under steady-state flow at different water contents (effective water saturations Se ranging from 0.1 to 1.0, with Se = (? – ?r)/(?s – ?r)) and flow rates (pore water velocities v of 5 and 10 cm/min). Water content was the dominant factor in our experiments. Colloid transport decreased with decreasing water content, and below a critical water content (Se < 0.1), colloid transport was inhibited, and colloids were strained in water films. Pendular ring and water film thickness calculations indicated that colloids can move only when pendular rings are interconnected. The flow rate affected retention of colloids in the secondary energy minimum, with less colloids being trapped when the flow rate increased. These results confirm the importance of both water content and flow rate for colloid transport in unsaturated porous media and highlight the dominant role of water content.

Thorsten Knappenberger; Markus Flury; Earl D. Mattson; James B. Harsh

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Convergent Flow in Unsaturated Fractured Chalk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...regime. The authors report a fusion of field monitoring and modeling...profiles from cores following thermonuclear testing that produced high...understanding, here we report a fusion of field monitoring and modeling...unsaturated zone through a fusion of intensive field monitoring...

Dawn M. Keim; L. Jared West; Noelle E. Odling

28

Quantum Fourier Transform Over Galois Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Galois rings are regarded as "building blocks" of a finite commutative ring with identity. There have been many papers on classical error correction codes over Galois rings published. As an important warm-up before exploring quantum algorithms and quantum error correction codes over Galois rings, we study the quantum Fourier transform (QFT) over Galois rings and prove it can be efficiently preformed on a quantum computer. The properties of the QFT over Galois rings lead to the quantum algorithm for hidden linear structures over Galois rings.

Yong Zhang

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

29

Observation of Hybrid Soliton Vortex-Ring Structures in Bose-Einstein Condensates Naomi S. Ginsberg,1,* Joachim Brand,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Einstein condensates. We examine both their creation via soliton-vortex collisions and their subsequent development into vortex rings (VRs) [7,8] via the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili, or ``snake,'' instability [9]. In this Letter frequencies !z 2 21 Hz and !x !y 3:0!z in our 4-Dee magnetic trap [14]. We work at temperatures well below

Hau, Lene Vestergaard

30

Energies of strained silica rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energies of strained two-member and three-member rings of SiO4 tetrahedra are calculated using models based on continuous SiO2 networks. These rings are considered to form highly reactive ``defect'' centers in vitreous SiO2 and at its surface. The calculations are based on a generalized gradient approximation to density-functional theory, and give strain energies of 1.23 and 0.25 eV for two- and three-member rings, considerably smaller than those previously estimated from Hartree-Fock calculations applied to small hydrogen-terminated molecular models. Structural results are compared with experiment for solids and molecules containing such rings. Changes in bond charge densities due to ring strain are illustrated, and modifications of the electronic states of relaxed SiO2 networks caused by strained ring defects are discussed.

D. R. Hamann

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes to unsaturated hydrocarbons  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Oxidative dehydrogenation of alkanes to unsaturated hydrocarbons is carried out over metal vanadate catalysts under oxidizing conditions. The vanadate catalysts are represented by the formulas M[sub 3](VO[sub 4])[sub 2] and MV[sub 2]O[sub 6], M representing Mg, Zn, Ca, Pb, or Cd. The reaction is carried out in the presence of oxygen, but the formation of oxygenate by-products is suppressed.

Kung, H.H.; Chaar, M.A.

1988-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

32

A Mountain-Scale Thermal Hydrologic Model for Simulating Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Unsaturated Fractured Rock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies Using the Yucca Mountain Unsaturated Zone Model,Unsaturated Zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, to Thermal LoadUnsaturated Zone, Yucca Mountain, Nevada, Water-Resources

Wu, Yu-Shu; Mukhopadhyay, Sumit; Zhang, Keni; Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Ground Movement in SSRL Ring  

SciTech Connect

Users of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) are being affected by diurnal motion of the synchrotron's storage ring, which undergoes structural changes due to outdoor temperature fluctuations. In order to minimize the effects of diurnal temperature fluctuations, especially on the vertical motion of the ring floor, scientists at SSRL tried three approaches: painting the storage ring white, covering the asphalt in the middle of the ring with highly reflective Mylar and installing Mylar on a portion of the ring roof and walls. Vertical motion in the storage ring is measured by a Hydrostatic Leveling System (HLS), which calculates the relative height of water in a pipe that extends around the ring. The 24-hr amplitude of the floor motion was determined using spectral analysis of HLS data, and the ratio of this amplitude before and after each experiment was used to quantitatively determine the efficacy of each approach. The results of this analysis showed that the Mylar did not have any significant effect on floor motion, although the whitewash project did yield a reduction in overall HLS variation of 15 percent. However, further analysis showed that the reduction can largely be attributed to a few local changes rather than an overall reduction in floor motion around the ring. Future work will consist of identifying and selectively insulating these local regions in order to find the driving force behind diurnal floor motion in the storage ring.

Sunikumar, Nikita; /UCLA /SLAC

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

34

Characterizing unsaturated diffusion in porous tuff gravel  

SciTech Connect

Evaluation of solute diffusion in unsaturated porous gravel is very important for investigations of contaminant transport and remediation, risk assessment, and waste disposal (for example, the potential high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada). For a porous aggregate medium such as granular tuff, the total water content is comprised of surface water and interior water. The surface water component (water film around grains and pendular water between the grain contacts) could serve as a predominant diffusion pathway. To investigate the extent to which surface water films and contact points affect solute diffusion in unsaturated gravel, we examined the configuration of water using x-ray computed tomography in partially saturated gravel, and made quantitative measurements of diffusion at multiple water contents using two different techniques. In the first, diffusion coefficients of potassium chloride in 2-4 mm granular tuff at multiple water contents were calculated from electrical conductivity measurements using the Nernst-Einstein equation. In the second, we used laser ablation with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry to perform micro-scale mapping, allowing the measurement of diffusion coefficients for a mixture of chemical tracers for tuff cubes and tetrahedrons having two contact geometries (cube-cube and cube-tetrahedron). The x-ray computed tomography images show limited contact between grains, and this could hinder the pathways for diffusive transport. Experimental results show the critical role of surface water in controlling transport pathways and hence the magnitude of diffusion. Even with a bulk volumetric water content of 1.5%, the measured solute diffusion coefficient is as low as 1.5 x 10{sup -14} m{sup 2}/s for tuff gravel. Currently used diffusion models relating diffusion coefficients to total volumetric water content inadequately describe unsaturated diffusion behavior in porous gravel at very low water contents.

Hu, Qinhong; Kneafsey, Timothy J.; Roberts, Jeffery J.; Tomutsa, Liviu; Wang, Joseph, S.Y.

2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

35

Two Dimensional Polyamides Prepared From Unsaturated Carboxylic Acids And Amines.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A polyamide and a process for preparing the polyamide are disclosed. The process comprises reacting in a reaction mixture a monomer selected from unsaturated carboxylic acids, esters of unsaturated carboxylic acids, anhydrides of unsaturated carboxylic acids, and mixtures thereof, and a first amine to form an intermediate reaction product in the reaction mixture, wherein the first amine is selected from RR.sub.1 NH, RNH.sub.2, RR.sub.1 NH.sub.2.sup.+, RNH.sub.3.sup.+ and mixtures thereof, wherein R and R.sub.1 can be the same or different and each contain between about 1 and 50 carbon atoms and are optionally substituted with heteroatoms oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus and combinations thereof, and reacting the intermediate reaction product and a second amine to form a polyamide, wherein the second amine is selected from R.sub.2 R.sub.3 NH, R.sub.2 NH.sub.2, R.sub.2 R.sub.3 NH.sub.2.sup.+, R.sub.2 NH.sub.3.sup.+ and mixtures thereof wherein R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 can be the same or different and each contain between about 1 and 50 carbon atoms and are optionally substituted with heteroatoms oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus and combinations thereof, wherein multiple of the R, R.sub.1, R.sub.2, and R.sub.3 are in vertically aligned spaced relationship along a backbone formed by the polyamide. In one version of the invention, the monomer is selected from maleic anhydride, maleic acid esters, and mixtures thereof. In another version of the invention, the first amine is an alkylamine, such as tetradecylamine, and the second amine is a polyalkylene polyamine, such as pentaethylenehexamine. In yet another version of the invention, the first amine and the second amine are olefinic or acetylenic amines, such as the reaction products of an alkyldiamine and an acetylenic carboxylic acid. The first amine and the second amine may be the same or different depending on the desired polyamide polymer structure.

McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Huang, Zhi Heng (East Lansing, MI); Wright, Stacy C. (Lansing, MI); Danzig, Morris (Northbrook, IL); Taylor, Andrew C. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2002-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

36

Modeling studies of mountain-scale radionuclide transport in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigations at Yucca Mountain - The Potential Repositoryin the Unsaturated Zone, Yucca Mountain, Nevada, ResourcesIN THE UNSATURATED ZONE AT YUCCA MOUNTAIN, NEVADA George J.

Moridis, George J.; Seol, Yongkoo; Wu, Yu-Shu

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Abstracts of the symposium on unsaturated flow and transport modeling  

SciTech Connect

Abstract titles are: Recent developments in modeling variably saturated flow and transport; Unsaturated flow modeling as applied to field problems; Coupled heat and moisture transport in unsaturated soils; Influence of climatic parameters on movement of radionuclides in a multilayered saturated-unsaturated media; Modeling water and solute transport in soil containing roots; Simulation of consolidation in partially saturated soil materials; modeling of water and solute transport in unsaturated heterogeneous fields; Fluid dynamics and mass transfer in variably-saturated porous media; Solute transport through soils; One-dimensional analytical transport modeling; Convective transport of ideal tracers in unsaturated soils; Chemical transport in macropore-mesopore media under partially saturated conditions; Influence of the tension-saturated zone on contaminant migration in shallow water regimes; Influence of the spatial distribution of velocities in porous media on the form of solute transport; Stochastic vs deterministic models for solute movement in the field; and Stochastic analysis of flow and solute transport. (DMC)

Not Available

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Liquid metal systems development: reactor vessel support structure evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Results of an evaluation of support structures for the reactor vessel are reported. The U ring, box ring, integral ring, tee ring and tangential beam supports were investigated. The U ring is the recommended vessel support structure configuration.

McEdwards, J.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Transport of Carbon-14 in a Large Unsaturated Soil Column  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gas around waste disposal trenches at the...this manuscript. Funding for this project...INEEL subsurface disposal area. INEEL...transport of 14C at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA...unsaturated zone waste disposal GeoRef, Copyright...

Mitchell A. Plummer; Larry C. Hull; Don T. Fox

40

Unsaturated soil behavior under monotonic and cyclic stress states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on triaxial apparatus and helping me on the calibration of equipment. I would like to say thank to Dr. Lianxi Ma for providing me USD testing knowledge and test results. I also would like to thank the Korean students in the Geotechnical Engineering.................. 6 2.1 Soil Suction in Unsaturated Soil....................................................... 6 2.2 Pore Water in Unsaturated Soil and Degrees of Saturation.............. 8 2.3 Soil-Water Characteristic Curve...

Mun, Byoung-Jae

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Stirling engine piston ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piston ring design for a Stirling engine wherein the contact pressure between the piston and the cylinder is maintained at a uniform level, independent of engine conditions through a balancing of the pressure exerted upon the ring's surface and thereby allowing the contact pressure on the ring to be predetermined through the use of a preloaded expander ring.

Howarth, Roy B. (Clifton Park, NY)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Repository site data report for unsaturated tuff, Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy is currently considering the thick sequences of unsaturated, fractured tuff at Yucca Mountain, on the southwestern boundary of the Nevada Test Site, as a possible candidate host rock for a nuclear-waste repository. Yucca Mountain is in one of the most arid areas in the United States. The site is within the south-central part of the Great Basin section of the Basin and Range physiographic province and is located near a number of silicic calderas of Tertiary age. Although localized zones of seismic activity are common throughout the province, and faults are present at Yucca Mountain, the site itself is basically aseismic. No data are available on the composition of ground water in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain. It has been suggested that the composition is bounded by the compositions of water from wells USW-H3, UE25p-1, J-13, and snow or rain. There are relatively few data available from Yucca Mountain on the moisture content and saturation, hydraulic conductivity, and characteristic curves of the unsaturated zone. The available literature on thermomechanical properties of tuff does not always distinguish between data from the saturated zone and data from the unsaturated zone. Geochemical, hydrologic, and thermomechanical data available on the unsaturated tuffs of Yucca Mountain are tabulated in this report. Where the data are very sparse, they have been supplemented by data from the saturated zone or from areas other than Yucca Mountain. 316 refs., 58 figs., 37 tabs.

Tien, P.L.; Updegraff, C.D.; Siegel, M.D.; Wahi, K.K.; Guzowski, R.V.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Magnetism in tunable quantum rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the spin structure of circular four-electron quantum rings using tunable confinement potentials. The calculations were done using the exact diagonalization method. Our results indicate that ringlike systems can have oscillatory flips between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic behavior as a function of the magnetic field. Furthermore, at constant external magnetic fields there were seen similar oscillatory changes between ferromagnetism and antiferromagnetism when the system parameters were changed. According to our results, the magnetism of quantum rings could be tuned by system parameters.

G. Bårdsen; E. Tölö; A. Harju

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

44

Drift-Diffusion Model of the Fragmentation of the External Ring Structure in the Photoluminescence Pattern Emitted by Indirect Excitons in Coupled Quantum Wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under optical excitation, coupled quantum wells are known to reveal fascinating features in the photoluminescence pattern originating from dipole orientated indirect excitons. The appearance of an external ring has been attributed to macroscopic charge separation in the quantum well plane. We present a classical model of nonlinear diffusion to account for the observed fragmentation of the external ring into a periodic array of islands. The model incorporates the Coulomb interactions between electrons, holes, and indirect excitons. At low temperatures, these interactions lead to pattern formation similar to the experimentally observed ring fragmentation. The fragmentation is found to persist to temperatures above the quantum degeneracy temperature of indirect excitons.

J. Wilkes, E. A. Muljarov, and A. L. Ivanov

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

45

Bicycling Black Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present detailed physics analyses of two different 4+1-dimensional asymptotically flat vacuum black hole solutions with spin in two independent planes: the doubly spinning black ring and the bicycling black ring system ("bi-rings"). The latter is a new solution describing two concentric orthogonal rotating black rings which we construct using the inverse scattering technique. We focus particularly on extremal zero-temperature limits of the solutions. Such limits exist for both types of solutions; for the bi-rings it is obtained when the two rings drag each other to extremality through the effect of gravitational frame-dragging. We construct the phase diagram of currently known zero-temperature vacuum black hole solutions with a single event horizon, and discuss the non-uniqueness introduced by more exotic black hole configurations such as bi-rings and multi-ring saturns.

Elvang, Henriette

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Process for making unsaturated hydrocarbons using microchannel process technology  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosed invention relates to a process for converting a feed composition comprising one or more hydrocarbons to a product comprising one or more unsaturated hydrocarbons, the process comprising: flowing the feed composition and steam in contact with each other in a microchannel reactor at a temperature in the range from about 200.degree. C. to about 1200.degree. C. to convert the feed composition to the product, the process being characterized by the absence of catalyst for converting the one or more hydrocarbons to one or more unsaturated hydrocarbons. Hydrogen and/or oxygen may be combined with the feed composition and steam.

Tonkovich, Anna Lee (Dublin, OH); Yuschak, Thomas (Lewis Center, OH); LaPlante, Timothy J. (Columbus, OH); Rankin, Scott (Columbus, OH); Perry, Steven T. (Galloway, OH); Fitzgerald, Sean Patrick (Columbus, OH); Simmons, Wayne W. (Dublin, OH); Mazanec, Terry (Solon, OH) Daymo, Eric (Dublin, OH)

2011-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

47

A site scale model for modeling unsaturated zone processes at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unsaturated Zone Model of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, for theZone Trocesses at yucca Mountain, N G. S. Bodvarsson, Y. S.unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, as a permanent

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

A mountain-scale model for characterizing unsaturated flow and transport in fractured tuffs of Yucca Mountain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to Fault Zones at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, International2003c. Calibration of Yucca Mountain Unsaturated Zone FlowUnsaturated Zone, Yucca Mountain, Nevada, Water-Resources

Wu, Yu-Shu; Lu, Guoping; Zhang, Keni; Bodvarsson, G.S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Modeling thermal-hydrological response of the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, to thermal load at a potential repository  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Repository at Yucca Mountain. In Materials Research Societystudies using the Yucca Mountain unsaturated zone model.Unsaturated Zone, Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Water Resources

Haukwa, C.B.; Wu, Yu-Shu; Bodvarsson, G.S.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

The Influence of Proposed Repository Thermal Load on Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer in the Unsaturated Zone of Yucca Mountain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies Using the Yucca Mountain Unsaturated Zone Model,Unsaturated Zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, to Thermal LoadLarge Block Test at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, Water Resources

Wu, Y.-S.; Mukhopadhyay, Sumit; Zhang, Keni; Bodvarsson, G.S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Low-frequency dilatational wave propagation through unsaturated porous media containing two immiscible fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of elastic waves in unconsolidated unsaturated granularfrequency in both unconsolidated and consolidated materialsboth consolidated and unconsolidated porous media, and the

Lo, W.-C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Analysis of models for induced gas flow in the unsaturated zone Kehua You,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analysis of models for induced gas flow in the unsaturated zone Kehua You,1 Hongbin Zhan,1 term are frequently employed in modeling the induced gas flow in an unsaturated zone underlying a leaky 2011. [1] Accurate description of induced gas flow in an unsaturated zone is indispensable

Zhan, Hongbin

53

Physicochemical controls on absorbed water film thickness in unsaturated geological media  

SciTech Connect

Adsorbed water films commonly coat mineral surfaces in unsaturated soils and rocks, reducing flow and transport rates. Therefore, it is important to understand how adsorbed film thickness depends on matric potential, surface chemistry, and solution chemistry. Here, the problem of adsorbed water film thickness is examined through combining capillary scaling with the Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (DLVO) theory. Novel aspects of this analysis include determining capillary influences on film thicknesses, and incorporating solution chemistry-dependent electrostatic potential at air-water interfaces. Capillary analysis of monodisperse packings of spherical grains provided estimated ranges of matric potentials where adsorbed films are stable, and showed that pendular rings within drained porous media retain most of the 'residual' water except under very low matric potentials. Within drained pores, capillary contributions to thinning of adsorbed films on spherical grains are shown to be small, such that DLVO calculations for flat surfaces are suitable approximations. Hamaker constants of common soil minerals were obtained to determine ranges of the dispersion component to matric potential-dependent film thickness. The pressure component associated with electrical double layer forces was estimated using the compression and linear superposition approximations. The pH-dependent electrical double layer pressure component is the dominant contribution to film thicknesses at intermediate values of matric potential, especially in lower ionic strength solutions (< 10 mol m{sup -3}) on surfaces with higher magnitude electrostatic potentials (more negative than - 50 mV). Adsorbed water films are predicted to usually range in thickness from 1 to 20 nm in drained pores and fractures of unsaturated environments.

Tokunaga, T.

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

54

PHENOLICS BUILDUP INHIBITS CARBON LOSS IN UNSATURATED PEATLANDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feedback loop" between carbon emission and drought in peatlands is down regulated in the long term. WePHENOLICS BUILDUP INHIBITS CARBON LOSS IN UNSATURATED PEATLANDS Hongjun Wang, Mengchi Ho, Neal carbon. Drought/drainage coupled with climate warming presents a vital threat to those stores

55

Preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a process for the preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic acid, ester or anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising an oxide of niobium.

Gogate, M.R.; Spivey, J.J.; Zoeller, J.R.

1998-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Molecular Model of the Ring-Opening and Ring-Closure Reaction of a Fluorinated Indolylfulgide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Next, the role of the seam is elucidated by focusing on the energetic and structural characteristics of two further CoIns from that seam, one in the closed-ring region (CoInC) and one in the open-ring region (CoIncZc/tZc). ... A similar constellation is found at the open-ring side, where CoIncZc/tZc could be located (Figure 6, bottom). ... ring opening process in pyrrole has been investigated by performing classical on-the-fly dynamics using the multiconfiguration SCF method for the computation of energies and energy gradients. ...

Artur Nenov; Wolfgang J. Schreier; Florian O. Koller; Markus Braun; Regina de Vivie-Riedle; Wolfgang Zinth; Igor Pugliesi

2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

57

Aharonov-Casher and spin Hall effects in mesoscopic ring structures with strong spin-orbit interaction RID A-1315-2011 RID B-3617-2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, College Station, Texas 77843-4242, USA 2Institute of Physics ASCR, Cukrovarnick? 10, 162 53 Praha 6, Czech Republic 3School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom #1;Received 4 September 2008; published 16...-ring geometries and outline the two methods used to calculate their transport properties. In Sec. III we confirm numerically analytical results22 for a single-channel ring embedded in a narrow quantum well. Section III A focuses on the consequences...

Borunda, M. F.; Liu, Xin; Kovalev, Alexey A.; Liu, Xiong-Jun; Jungwirth, T.; Sinova, Jairo.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Bicycling Black Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present detailed physics analyses of two different 4+1-dimensional asymptotically flat vacuum black hole solutions with spin in two independent planes: the doubly spinning black ring and the bicycling black ring system ("bi-rings"). The latter is a new solution describing two concentric orthogonal rotating black rings which we construct using the inverse scattering technique. We focus particularly on extremal zero-temperature limits of the solutions. We construct the phase diagram of currently known zero-temperature vacuum black hole solutions with a single event horizon, and discuss the non-uniqueness introduced by more exotic black hole configurations such as bi-rings and multi-ring saturns.

Henriette Elvang; Maria J. Rodriguez

2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

59

Structural disorder and transformation in crystal growth: direct observation of ring-opening isomerization in a metal-organic solid solution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The co-crystallization of cyclic and polymeric isomers in the same crystal in varying ratios with the skeleton frameworks packed in a geometrically compatible and energetically similar fashion gives a chance to rationalize ring-opening isomerization in a crystal growth process.

Jiang, J.-J.

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

60

Flow focusing in unsaturated fracture networks: A numerical investigation  

SciTech Connect

A numerical modeling study is presented to investigate flow-focusing phenomena in a large-scale fracture network, constructed using field data collected from the unsaturated zone of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, the proposed repository site for high-level nuclear waste. The two-dimensional fracture network for an area of 100 m x 150 m contains more than 20,000 fractures. Steady-state unsaturated flow in the fracture network is investigated for different boundary conditions and rock properties. Simulation results indicate that flow paths are generally vertical, and that horizontal fractures mainly provide pathways between neighboring vertical paths. In addition to fracture properties, flow-focusing phenomena are also affected by rock-matrix permeability, with lower matrix permeability leading to a high degree of flow focusing. The simulation results further indicate that the average spacing between flow paths in a layered system tends to increase and flow tends to becomes more focused, with depth.

Zhang, Keni; Wu, Yu-Shu; Bodvarsson, G.S.; Liu, Hui-Hai

2003-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The Fermilab recycler ring  

SciTech Connect

The Fermilab Recycler is a permanent magnet storage ring for the accumulation of antiprotons from the Antiproton Source, and the recovery and cooling of the antiprotons remaining at the end of a Tevatron store. It is an integral part of the Fermilab III luminosity upgrade. The following paper describes the design features, operational and commissioning status of the Recycler Ring.

Martin Hu

2001-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

62

The unsaturated hydraulic characteristics of the Bandelier Tuff  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the physical and, unsaturated hydraulic properties of the Bandelier Tuff determined from laboratory measurements made on core samples collected at Los Alamos National Laboratory. We fit new van Genuchten-type moisture retention curves to this data, which was categorized according to member of the Bandelier Tuff and subunit of the Tshirege Member. Reasonable consistency was observed for hydraulic properties and retention curves within lithologic units, while distinct differences were observed for those properties between units. With the moisture retention data, we constructed vertical profiles of in situ matric suction and hydraulic head. These profiles give an indication of the likely direction of liquid water movement within the unsaturated zone and allow comparison of core-scale and field-scale estimates of water flow and solute transport parameters. Our core-derived transport velocities are much smaller than values estimated from tritium, Cl, and NO{sub 3} contamination found recently in boreholes. The contaminant tracer-derived transport velocities from Los Alamos Canyon are greater than corederived values found for the Otowi Member, and for Mortandad Canyon, greater than core-derived values for that borehole. The significant difference found for Mortandad Canyon suggests that fracture or other fast-path transport may be important there. The relatively small difference between observed and predicted velocities at Los Alamos Canyon may mean that vadose zone transport there occurs by unsaturated matrix flow.

Rogers, D.B.; Gallaher, B.M.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Factors affecting piston ring friction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The piston ring pack friction is a major contributor to the internal combustion engine mechanical friction loss. The oil control ring decides the oil supply to the top two rings in addition to being the major friction ...

Liao, Kai, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Calibration of Yucca Mountain unsaturated zone flow and transport model using porewater chloride data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of hydrogeologic units at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. U.S.infiltration for the Yucca Mountain Area, Nevada. Milestonethe unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. J. Contam.

Liu, Jianchun; Sonnenthal, Eric L.; Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Estimating large-scale fracture permeability of unsaturated rock using barometric pressure data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies Facility, Yucca Mountain, Nevada, U.S. GeologicalUnsaturated Zone, Yucca Mountain, Nevada, Water-Resourcesstudies facility, Yucca Mountain, Nevada, U.S. Geological

Wu, Yu-Shu; Zhang, Keni; Liu, Hui-Hai

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Conceptual evaluation of the potential role of fractures in unsaturated processes at Yucca Mountain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Process Models, Yucca Mountain, Nevada. U.S. GeologicalUnsaturated Zone Model of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. J. Contam.Studies Facility, Yucca Mountain Project. Yucca Mountain,

Hinds, Jennifer J.; Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.; Nieder-Westermann, Gerald H.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Study of ring and ring-disk electrodes  

SciTech Connect

Rotating ring and ring-disk electrodes were modeled. The primary, secondary, and below-the-limiting current distributions for ring electrodes were computed. The ring-disk system was modeled for secondary and below-the-limiting current distributions. Mass transfer measurements in laminar, transition, and turbulent flows were made for thin rotating rings. The effect of cell walls on the potential distribution of disk electrodes was computed.

Pierini, P.E.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Unsaturated Zone and Saturated Zone Transport Properties (U0100)  

SciTech Connect

This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) summarizes transport properties for the lower unsaturated zone hydrogeologic units and the saturated zone at Yucca Mountain and provides a summary of data from the Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone Transport Test (UZTT). The purpose of this report is to summarize the sorption and transport knowledge relevant to flow and transport in the units below Yucca Mountain and to provide backup documentation for the sorption parameters decided upon for each rock type. Because of the complexity of processes such as sorption, and because of the lack of direct data for many conditions that may be relevant for Yucca Mountain, data from systems outside of Yucca Mountain are also included. The data reported in this AMR will be used in Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) calculations and as general scientific support for various Process Model Reports (PMRs) requiring knowledge of the transport properties of different materials. This report provides, but is not limited to, sorption coefficients and other relevant thermodynamic and transport properties for the radioisotopes of concern, especially neptunium (Np), plutonium (Pu), Uranium (U), technetium (Tc), iodine (I), and selenium (Se). The unsaturated-zone (UZ) transport properties in the vitric Calico Hills (CHv) are discussed, as are colloidal transport data based on the Busted Butte UZTT, the saturated tuff, and alluvium. These values were determined through expert elicitation, direct measurements, and data analysis. The transport parameters include information on interactions of the fractures and matrix. In addition, core matrix permeability data from the Busted Butte UZTT are summarized by both percent alteration and dispersion.

J. Conca

2000-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

69

A Radionuclide Transport Model for the Unsaturated Zone at Yucca Mountain Bruce A. Robinson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Radionuclide Transport Model for the Unsaturated Zone at Yucca Mountain Bruce A. Robinson Zhiming model calculations for radionuclide transport in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain. The model developed by the Yucca Mountain Project based on calibrations to site data. The particle-tracking technique

Lu, Zhiming

70

Gas flow to a barometric pumping well in a multilayer unsaturated Kehua You,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas flow to a barometric pumping well in a multilayer unsaturated zone Kehua You,1 Hongbin Zhan,1. [1] When an open well is installed in an unsaturated zone, gas can flow between the subsurface and the well depending on the gas pressure gradient near the well. This well is called a barometric pumping

Zhan, Hongbin

71

NSLS VUV Storage Ring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VUV Storage Ring VUV Storage Ring VUV Normal Operations Operating Parameters (pdf) Insertion Devices Flux & Brightness Orbit Stability Lattice Information (pdf) Lattice : MAD Dataset Mechanical Drawing (pdf) VUV Operating Schedule Introduction & History The VUV Ring at the National Synchrotron Light Source was one of the first of the 2nd generation light sources to operate in the world. Initially designed in 1976 the final lattice design was completed in 1978 shortly after funding was approved. Construction started at the beginning of FY 1979 and installation of the magnets was well underway by the end of FY 1980. The first stored beam was achieved in December of 1981 at 600 MeV and the first photons were delivered to beamlines in May 1982, with routine beam line operations underway by the start of FY 1983. The number of beam

72

Storage Ring Operation Modes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Longitudinal bunch profile and Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Longitudinal bunch profile and Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Source Parameter Table Storage Ring Operation Modes Standard Operating Mode, top-up Fill pattern: 102 mA in 24 singlets (single bunches) with a nominal current of 4.25 mA and a spacing of 153 nanoseconds between singlets. Lattice configuration: Low emittance lattice with effective emittance of 3.1 nm-rad and coupling of 1%. Bunch length (rms): 33.5 ps. Refill schedule: Continuous top-up with single injection pulses occurring at a minimum of two minute intervals, or a multiple of two minute intervals. Special Operating Mode - 324 bunches, non top-up Fill pattern: 102 mA in 324 uniformly spaced singlets with a nominal single bunch current of 0.31 mA and a spacing of 11.37 nanoseconds between singlets.

73

A Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Mountain, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Site-Scale Model For Fluid And Heat Flow In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Mountain, Nevada Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A three-dimensional unsaturated-zone numerical model has been developed to simulate flow and distribution of moisture, gas and heat at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, a potential repository site for high-level radioactive waste. The model takes into account the simultaneous flow dynamics of liquid water, vapor, air and heat in the highly heterogeneous, fractured porous rock in the unsaturated zone (UZ). This model is intended for use in the prediction of the current and future conditions in the UZ so

74

Introduction to the Special Section in Vadose Zone Journal: Parameter Identification and Uncertainty Assessment in the Unsaturated Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Uncertainty Assessment in the Unsaturated Zone Jasper A. Vrugt* and Shlomo P. Neuman DURING the last few

Vrugt, Jasper A.

75

Localisation in Enveloping Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......right ideal E of R, 3 an n such that (1) If R is commutative this condition becomes, 3n such that (2) where K(I) = (x\\xcel for some ce#). We say that an ideal / of a ring R has the AR property if, for any right ideal E of R, 3n such that E n......

J. C. McConnell

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

SNS Ring, Spallation Neutron Source, SNS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RING RING Lattice Version 1.0 in MAD structure Version 1.1: SNSRing.v.1.1 | 623_620_00.mad Version 1.2 SNSRing.v.1.2 | 623_620_00.mad Matching example MAD optics outputs UAL compatible input example Schematic (one super-period) and mechanical drawing Diagnostics Impedance budget Magnets List and mechanical parameters Mechanical drawings Magnetic field modeling and measurements Installation and survey Power supplies summary and changes Polarity conventions tech.memo and schematic (A polarity) Magnet assemblies Documentation ASAC review presentations DOE review presentations SNS/BNL tech.notes, conference and journal papers SNS/ORNL papers SNS project documentation Other links SNS ring aperture, collimation and beam losses SNS transfer lines SNS/BNL Accelerator Physics SNS/ORNL Accelerator Physics

77

Accelerated ring laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The behavior of a ring laser rotating with nonuniform angular velocity has become of interest, both experimental and theoretical. Within a framework of modest idealizations, we present a classical, relativistically exact theoretical analysis. The beat frequency, we find, is given by an expression of the Sagnac form but with the instantaneous angular velocity in place of the usual constant velocity. One has an "instantaneous Sagnac effect."

Takamasa Takahashi and Ralph Baierlein

1977-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Precooler Ring Vacuum System  

SciTech Connect

The precooler vacuum system, as proposed by FNAL, is based on a suitable modification of the existing Electron Cooling Ring System. Because of the magnetic cycle of the bending magnets, distributed ion pumping, as exists in the Electron Cooling Ring, is not applicable. Instead, the proposed pumping will be done with commercial appendage ion pumps mounted approximately every two meters around the circumference of the ring. The loss of effective pumping speed and non-uniformity of system pressure with appendage pumps may not be major considerations but the large number required does effect experimental and analytical equipment placement considerations. There is a distributed pumping technique available which: (1) is not affected by the magnetic cycle of the bending magnets; (2) will provide a minimum of four times the hydrogen pumping speed of the proposed appendage ion pumps; (3) will require no power during pumping after the strip is activated; (4) will provide the heat source for bakeout; (5) is easily replaceable; and (6) can be purchased, installed, and operated at a generous economic advantage over the presently proposed ion pumped system. The pumping technique referred to is non-evaporable gettering with ST101 Zr/Al pumping strip. A technical description of this pumping strip is given on Data Sheet 1 and 2 attached to this report.

Moenich, J.

1980-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

79

Patrick Ring | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Patrick Ring Patrick Ring About Us Patrick Ring - Team Leader, Benefits Continuity Team Patrick Ring is the team leader for the continuity of contractor pension and postretirement benefit programs for contractor workers formerly employed at DOE closure sites. Mr. Ring has more than 31 years of federal service between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), U.S. Department of Defense, and the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. His experience has provided him extensive knowledge and experience in dealing with contractor retirement benefit programs. Mr. Ring joined the Office of Legacy Management (LM) in October 2005 as a contractor industrial relations specialist/actuary and a member of the Benefits Continuity Team. Prior to joining LM, Mr. Ring was employed as an actuary with the Defense

80

Modeling Unsaturated Flow and Transport Processes in Fractured Tuffs of Yucca Mountain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

zone site-scale model, Yucca Mountain Site Characterizationsite-scale model, Yucca Mountain Project Milestone 3GLM105M,unsaturated zone, Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Water-Resources

Wu, Yu-Shu; Lu, Guoping; Zhang, Keni; Bodvarsson, G.S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Key Intermediates in Combinatorial Chemistry:? Access to Various Heterocycles from ?,?-Unsaturated Ketones on the Solid Phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The value of ?,?-unsaturated ketones as key intermediates for the combinatorial assembly of four different templates on the solid phase, namely pyrimidines, dihydropyrimidinones, pyridines, and pyrazoles, was explored with individual syntheses of variably ...

Andreas L. Marzinzik; Eduard R. Felder

1998-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

82

Viscosity of plant oils as a function of temperature, fatty acid chain length, and unsaturation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VISCOS1TY OF PLANT OILS AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE, FATIY ACID CHAIN LENGTH, AND UNSATURATION A Thesis by TONG HENG NEO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1988 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering VISCOSITY OF PLANT OILS AS A FUNCTION OF TEMPERATURE, FATTY ACID CHAIN LENGTH, AND UNSATURATION A Thesis by TONG HENG NEO Approved as to style and content by...

Neo, Tong Heng

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Ring Ring. Who's There? A Wind Expert | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ring Ring. Who's There? A Wind Expert Ring Ring. Who's There? A Wind Expert Ring Ring. Who's There? A Wind Expert August 23, 2010 - 10:44am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Have a question about wind energy? You're not alone. In 2009, about 1,200 people- ranging from farmers, teachers, county commissioners, developers and green job hopefuls -called or emailed Minnesota-based Windustry's wind hotline to learn more about the renewable energy. "The questions are all over the map," said David Tidball, who has been fielding calls since early 2009. "It's everything from, 'What's a wind turbine look like?' to 'How do I get involved in a wind project of my own?'" Windustry's mission is to provide accurate, unbiased and accessible information to the public about wind energy and help people across the

84

Simulation of heat transfer in the unsaturated zone  

SciTech Connect

Heat transfer can play an important role in fluid flow near the emplacement site of high-level nuclear waste. The effects on far- field flow can be important in understanding net moisture fluxes above the repository zone. The convection in the unsaturated zone at the Yucca Mountain site was responsible for this movement. If this is so, then the convection could provide a mechanism for drying the rock above the repository zone and thus provide a buffer for heavy rainfall events. In addition, the convection would increase the movement of gaseous radionuclides such as {sup 14}CO{sub 2}, tritiated water vapor, and {sup 129}I (Weeks, 1987). Because of the complexity of the problem, numerical models were required to calculate gas flow and vapor transport at the site. Kipp previously modeled this problem using the code HST3D. This code represents the flow of a single-phase fluid with both heat- and mass-transfer effects included. Water density and partial pressure effects are accounted for by the virtual temperature method. In this paper, the problem was simulated using the code FEHMN, a finite-element heat- and mass-transfer code being developed for the Yucca Mountain Project. The work described in this paper was done in preparation of the upcoming problem to be formulated for the Performance Assessment Calculation Exercise. 5 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

Zyvoloski, G.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Regular ring dynamics in AX2 tetrahedral glasses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We review the experimental evidence and qualitative arguments for the existence of small highly regular rings of bonds in amorphous (a-)SiO2 and selected other AX2 tetrahedral glasses. The structure and vibrations of planar 3-rings and regular puckered 4-rings in a-SiO2 are then modeled using Born central and noncentral forces. The vibrational coupling of these rings to the more disordered glass network is modeled by attaching a Bethe lattice at each connection. The calculated vibrational properties of the breathing modes of the rings are found to be quite consistent with the observed frequencies, linewidths, and isotope shifts of the sharp lines D1 and D2 seen in the Raman spectra of a-SiO2. The results support the previous assignment of D2 (606 cm-1) to a planar 3-ring and D1 (495 cm-1) to a regular ring. Similar calculations for a-GeO2 are consistent with the suggestion that this material contains a substantial concentration of nearly planar 3-rings. Our methods can be generalized to treat similar forms of intermediate range order in glasses having other network connectivities.

R. A. Barrio; F. L. Galeener; E. Martínez; R. J. Elliott

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Viscosity of Ring Polymer Melts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Viscosity of Ring Polymer Melts ... The ratio of the zero-shear viscosities of linear polymer melts ?0,linear to their ring counterparts ?0,ring at isofrictional conditions is discussed as a function of the number of entanglements Z. ... For this reason we have determined the viscosities by fitting the complex viscosity curves with different methods to obtain reliable estimates and error bars (see Supporting Information). ...

Rossana Pasquino; Thodoris C. Vasilakopoulos; Youn Cheol Jeong; Hyojoon Lee; Simon Rogers; George Sakellariou; Jürgen Allgaier; Atsushi Takano; Ana R. Brás; Taihyun Chang; Sebastian Gooßen; Wim Pyckhout-Hintzen; Andreas Wischnewski; Nikos Hadjichristidis; Dieter Richter; Michael Rubinstein; Dimitris Vlassopoulos

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

87

Split ring containment attachment device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A containment attachment device 10 for operatively connecting a glovebag 200 to plastic sheeting 100 covering hazardous material. The device 10 includes an inner split ring member 20 connected on one end 22 to a middle ring member 30 wherein the free end 21 of the split ring member 20 is inserted through a slit 101 in the plastic sheeting 100 to captively engage a generally circular portion of the plastic sheeting 100. A collar potion 41 having an outer ring portion 42 is provided with fastening means 51 for securing the device 10 together wherein the glovebag 200 is operatively connected to the collar portion 41.

Sammel, Alfred G. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Semigroups and ring endomorphisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Consequently, Im A consists of only the 0 element of R which means that A is the zero map of R. Since this con- tradicts the hypothesis, we conclude that B is not one to one. ~Pttf 1. 2. zf A d B d phd f * r g R such that BB = A or BA = A then Ker B... contradicts the hypothesis. Thus Ker B/ImB ~ft ttd I I . . If B I ~ ** 1 Id ttty d PB- ism of a ring R such that BB ~ B then (1) Ker B P Im B (2) B is not one to one (3) B fixes every element in Im B (4) R is the group direct sum of Im B and Ker B...

McDaniel, Johnnie Carl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

89

Characterization of Spatial Variability of Hydrogeologic Properties for Unsaturated Flow in the Fractured Rocks at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using matrix properties , Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USGS Waterof hydrogeologic units at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, U.S.Unsaturated Zone, Yucca Mountain, Nevada . Water-Resources

Zhou, Quanlin; Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S.; Liu, Hui-Hai; Oldenburg, Curtis M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Sensitivity Analysis Of Hydrological Parameters In Modeling Flow And Transport In The Unsaturated Zone Of Yucca Mountain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unsaturated Zone of Yucca Mountain Keni Zhang, Yu-Shu Wu,volcanic deposits at Yucca Mountain have been intensivelyhydraulic properties, Yucca Mountain Introduction Site

Zhang, Keni; Wu, Yu-Shu; Houseworth, James E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Development of an on-site ex-situ unsaturated-flow remediation process for trace metal contaminated soils.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Innovative means and methods were tested to develop an economical, pragmatic and environmentally sustainable soil remediation process for heavy metal contaminated soils. An unsaturated-flow soil… (more)

Andrade, Marc-David

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Reversible Seeding in Storage Rings  

SciTech Connect

We propose to generate steady-state microbunching in a storage ring with a reversible seeding scheme. High gain harmonic generation (HGHG) and echo-enabled harmonic generation (EEHG) are two promising methods for microbunching linac electron beams. Because both schemes increase the energy spread of the seeded beam, they cannot drive a coherent radiator turn-by-turn in a storage ring. However, reversing the seeding process following the radiator minimizes the impact on the electron beam and may allow coherent radiation at or near the storage ring repetition rate. In this paper we describe the general idea and outline a proof-of-principle experiment. Electron storage rings can drive high average power light sources, and free-electron lasers (FELs) are now producing coherent light sources of unprecedented peak brightness While there is active research towards high repetition rate FELs (for example, using energy recovery linacs), at present there are still no convenient accelerator-based sources of high repetition rate, coherent radiation. As an alternative avenue, we recently proposed to establish steady-state microbunching (SSMB) in a storage ring. By maintaining steady-state coherent microbunching at one point in the storage ring, the beam generates coherent radiation at or close to the repetition rate of the storage ring. In this paper, we propose a method of generating a microbunched beam in a storage ring by using reversible versions of linac seeding schemes.

Ratner, Daniel; Chao, Alex; /SLAC

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

93

Superconducting travelling wave ring with high gradient accelerating section  

SciTech Connect

Use of a superconducting traveling wave accelerating (STWA) structure instead of a standing wave cavity has major advantages in increasing the accelerating gradient in the ILC. In contrast with standing wave cavity STWA requires feedback loop, which sends wave from the structure output to input, making a superconducting traveling wave ring (STWR). One or few input couplers need to excite STWR and compensate power dissipations due to beam loading. To control traveling wave regime in the structure two independent knobs can be used for tuning both resonant ring frequency and backward wave. We discuss two variants of the STWR with one and two feed couplers.

Avrakhov, P.; Solyak, N.; /Fermilab

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Ion Rings for Magnetic Fusion  

SciTech Connect

This Final Technical Report presents the results of the program, Ion Rings for Magnetic Fusion, which was carried out under Department of Energy funding during the period August, 1993 to January, 2005. The central objective of the program was to study the properties of field-reversed configurations formed by ion rings. In order to reach this objective, our experimental program, called the Field-reversed Ion Ring Experiment, FIREX, undertook to develop an efficient, economical technology for the production of field-reversed ion rings. A field-reversed configuration (FRC) in which the azimuthal (field-reversing) current is carried by ions with gyro-radius comparable to the magnetic separatrix radius is called a field-reversed ion ring. A background plasma is required for charge neutralization of the ring, and this plasma will be confined within the ring's closed magnetic flux. Ion rings have long been of interest as the basis of compact magnetic fusion reactors, as the basis for a high-power accelerator for an inertial fusion driver, and for other applications of high power ion beams or plasmas of high energy density. Specifically, the FIREX program was intended to address the longstanding question of the contribution of large-orbit ions to the observed stability of experimental FRCs to the MHD tilt mode. Typical experimental FRCs with s {approx} 2-4, where s is the ratio of separatrix radius to ion gyro-radius, have been stable to tilting, but desired values for a fusion reactor, s > 20, should be unstable. The FIREX ring would consist of a plasma with large s for the background ions, but with s {approx} 1 for the ring ions. By varying the proportions of these two populations, the minimum proportion of large-orbit ions necessary for stability could be determined. The incorporation of large-orbit ions, perhaps by neutral-beam injection, into an FRC has been advanced for the purpose of stabilizing, heating, controlling angular momentum, and aiding the formation of a reactor-scale FRC, and the FIREX program was intended to test the ideas behind this approach. We will describe in this report the technological development path and advances in physics understanding that allowed FIREX to reach a regime in which ion rings were reproducibly created with up to about half the current necessary to produce field reversal. Unfortunately, the experiments were limited to this level by a fundamental, unanticipated aspect of the physics of strong ion rings in plasma. The FIREX ring is a strongly anisotropic, current-carrying population of ions moving faster than the Alfven speed in the background plasma. The rapidly changing ring current excites very large-amplitude Alfven waves in the plasma, and these waves strongly affect the ring, causing rapid energy loss in a way that is not compatible with the success of the ring trapping scenario around which FIREX was designed. The result was that FIREX rings were always very short-lived. We will discuss the implication of these results for possible future use of large-orbit ions in FRCs. In short, it appears that a certain range of the parameters characterizing the ring Alfven mach number and distribution function must be avoided to allow the existence of a long-lived energetic ion component in an FRC. This report will explain why FIREX experimental results cannot be directly scaled to quantitatively predict this range for a particular FRC configuration. This will require accurate, three-dimensional simulations. FIREX results do constitute a very good dataset for validating such a code, and simulations already carried out during this program provide a guide to the important physics involved.

Greenly, John, B.

2005-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

95

Friction between Ring Polymer Brushes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Friction between ring-polymer brushes at melt densities sliding past each other are studied using extensive course-grained molecular dynamics simulations and scaling arguments, and the results are compared to the friction between linear-polymer brushes. We show that for a velocity range spanning over three decades, the frictional forces measured for ring-polymer brushes are half the corresponding friction in case of linear brushes. In the linear-force regime, the weak inter-digitation of two ring brushes compared to linear brushes also leads to a lower number of binary collisions between the monomers of opposing brushes. At high velocities, where the thickness of the inter-digitation layer between two opposing brushes is on the order monomer size regardless of brush topology, stretched segments of ring polymers take a double-stranded conformation. As a result, monomers of the double-stranded segments collide less with the monomers of the opposing ring brush even though a similar number of monomers occupies the inter-digitation layer for ring and linear-brush bilayers. The numerical data obtained from our simulations is consistent with the proposed scaling analysis. Conformation-dependent frictional reduction observed in ring brushes can have important consequences in non-equilibrium bulk systems.

A. Erbas; J. Paturej

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

96

Unsaturated conductivity and diffusivity of selected Texas soils in relation to their physical and chemical properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in "ar'tial Puli lilt~en' of the reauinezer. t, fan the de;cee o KH 6 ' S "I' N Augus". IooR Xa)on Suspect: Soil PHYsics UNSATURATED CONDUCTIVITY AND DIFFUSIVITY OF SELECTED TEXAS SOILS IN RELATION TO THEIR PHYSICAL AND CHE1'IICAL PROPERTIES A... THesis George Lewis Derendingez Approved as to style and content by: Chas. I+ f ' ~1tt (~lember (l'Le Id+ID ) Anglst 1ooG AB STRA CT Unsaturated Conductivity and Diffusivity of Selected Texas Soils in Relation to Their Physical and Chemical...

Derendinger, George Lewis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

97

Transient nature of salt movement with wetting front in an unsaturated soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TRANSIENT NATURE OF SALT MOVEMENT WITH WETTING FRONT IN AN UNSATURATED SOIL A Thesis bY VISHWAS VINAYAK SOMAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M UniversitY in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering TRANSIENT NATURE OF SALT MOVEMENT WITH WETTING FRONT IN AN UNSATURATED SOIL A Thesis VISHWAS VINAYAK SOMAN Approved as to style and content by: Marshall J. McFarland (Chair...

Soman, Vishwas Vinayak

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Steady state method to determine unsaturated hydraulic conductivity at the ambient water potential  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a new laboratory apparatus for measuring the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity at a single water potential. One or more embodiments of the invented apparatus can be used over a wide range of water potential values within the tensiometric range, requires minimal laboratory preparation, and operates unattended for extended periods with minimal supervision. The present invention relates to a new laboratory apparatus for measuring the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity at a single water potential. One or more embodiments of the invented apparatus can be used over a wide range of water potential values within the tensiometric range, requires minimal laboratory preparation, and operates unattended for extended periods with minimal supervision.

HUbbell, Joel M.

2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

99

{sup 36}Cl measurements of the unsaturated zone flux at Yucca Mountain  

SciTech Connect

Determining the unsaturated zone percolation rate, or flux, is an extremely important site characterization issue for the proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository. A new technique that measures the {sup 36}Cl content of tuff from the Exploratory Shaft will be used to calculate flux through the unsaturated zone over longer times than could be measured by the more conventional {sup 14}C method. Measurements of the {sup 36}Cl "bomb pulse" in soil samples from Yucca Mountain have been used to confirm that infiltration is not an important recharge mechanism. 5 refs., 3 figs.

Norris, A.E.; Wolfsberg, K.; Gifford, S.K.

1985-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

100

Porous Metal-Organic Framework with Coordinatively Unsaturated MnII Sites:Sorption Properties for Various Gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Porous Metal-Organic Framework with Coordinatively Unsaturated MnII Sites:Sorption Properties solid [Mn(NDC)]n (2), which contains coordinatively unsaturated MnII sites, reveals remarkable sorption capabilities for N2, H2, CO2, and CH4 gases and exhibits type I sorption behavior indicative of permanent

Paik Suh, Myunghyun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ring resonant cavities for spectroscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Ring-shaped resonant cavities for spectroscopy allow a reduction in optical feedback to the light source, and provide information on the interaction of both s- and p-polarized light with samples. A laser light source is locked to a single cavity mode. An intracavity acousto-optic modulator may be used to couple light into the cavity. The cavity geometry is particularly useful for Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy (CRDS). 6 figs.

Zare, R.N.; Martin, J.; Paldus, B.A.; Xie, J.

1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

6930 Journal of the American Chemical Society 1 100:22 / October 25, 1978 Low-Lying Electronic States of Unsaturated Carbenes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States of Unsaturated Carbenes. Comparison with Methylene John W. Kenney, II1,la Jack Sirnons,*la George

Simons, Jack

103

Double acting stirling engine piston ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A piston ring design for a Stirling engine wherein the contact pressure between the piston and the cylinder is maintained at a uniform level, independent of engine conditions through a balancing of the pressure exerted upon the ring's surface and thereby allowing the contact pressure on the ring to be predetermined through the use of a preloaded expander ring.

Howarth, Roy B. (Clifton Park, NY)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Unsaturated flow and transport through a fault embedded in fractured welded tuff  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This experiment involved the release of $82,000 L of water over a period of 17 at Yucca Mountain is the transport of radio- nuclides through unsaturated fractured rock that lies between-per- meability domains. [3] Field investigations and numerical studies of Yucca Mountain have been conducted over

Hu, Qinhong "Max"

105

Preliminary 3-D site-scale studies of radioactive colloid transport in the unsaturated zone at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Yucca Mountain, Nevada G.J. Moridis *, Q. Hu, Y.-S. Wu, G.S. Bodvarsson Earth Sciences Division in a repository to be situated in the unsaturated zone (UZ) at Yucca Mountain (YM), Nevada. In this study we of the spatial distribution of hydraulic and transport properties in the Yucca Mountain subsurface are considered

Hu, Qinhong "Max"

106

Linking drainage front morphology with gaseous diffusion in unsaturated porous media: A lattice Boltzmann study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

porous media is analyzed using the lattice Boltzmann method LBM . Flow regimes for immiscible in a physical experiment such as a micromodel. In this study, we use the lattice Boltzmann method LBMLinking drainage front morphology with gaseous diffusion in unsaturated porous media: A lattice

Shor, Leslie McCabe

107

Reactive transport model for the ambient unsaturated hydrogeochemical system at Yucca mountain, Nevada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To assist a technical review of a potential application for a geologic repository, a reactive transport model is presented for the ambient hydrogeochemical system at Yucca Mountain (YM). The model simulates two-phase, nonisothermal, advective and diffusive ... Keywords: Yucca mountain, geochemistry, groundwater chemistry, groundwater flow and transport, hydrology, reactive transport model, unsaturated zone

Lauren Browning; William M. Murphy; Chandrika Manepally; Randall Fedors

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE FORMATION OF AROMATICS IN RICH METHANE FLAMES DOPED BY UNSATURATED COMPOUNDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

unsaturated hydrocarbons: allene and propyne, because they are precursors of propargyl radicals which are well as the background gas makes these flames more representative of the combustion of a real fuel compared to a flame by passing through a single pass heat exchanger [14]. Temperature profiles were obtained using a PtRh 3 hal

Boyer, Edmond

109

Analysis of gaseous-phase stable and radioactive isotopes in the unsaturated zone, Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations Project of the US Department of Energy provides that agency with data for evaluating volcanic tuff beneath Yucca Mountain, Nevada, to determine its suitability for a potential repository of high-level radioactive waste. Thickness of the unsaturated zone, which consists of fractured, welded and nonwelded tuff, is about 1640 to 2460 feet (500 to 750 meters). One question to be resolved is an estimate of minimum ground-water traveltime from the disturbed zone of the potentail repository to the accessible environment. Another issue is the potential for diffusive or convective gaseous transport of radionuclides from an underground facility in the unsaturated zone to the accessible environment. Gas samples were collected at intervals to a depth of 1200 feet from the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Samples were analyzed for major atmospheric gases; carbon dioxide in the samples was analyzed for carbon-14 activity and for {delta}2!{sup 3}C; water vapor in the samples was analyzed for deuterium and oxygen-18. These data could provide insight into the nature of unsaturated zone transport processes. 15 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

Yang, I.C.; Haas, H.H.; Weeks, E.P.; Thorstenson, D.C.

1985-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

110

The influence of changes in water content on the electrical resistivity of a natural unsaturated loess  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The influence of changes in water content on the electrical resistivity of a natural unsaturated these methods, the measurements based on the electrical resistivity are simple and reliable thanks to the clear relationship between the water content and the electrical resistivity of soils. In this work, a new electrical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

111

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

112

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

113

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

114

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported by motor proteins. These tiny machines convert the energy gained from hydrolysing ATP into a series of small conformational changes that allow them to literally "walk" along microscopic tracks. Motor proteins (in the kinesin and myosin families) have been extensively studied by x-ray crystallography, but until recently there was little molecular structural information for dyneins, another type of motor protein. A group from the University of California, San Francisco, working at ALS Beamline 8.3.1 has reported the 6-Å-resolution structure of the motor domain of dynein in yeast. It reveals details of the ring-shaped motor as well as a new, unanticipated feature called the buttress that may play an important role in dynein's mechanical cycle.

115

Hydrogenation of the alpha,beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes Acrolein, Crotonaldehyde, and Prenal over Pt Single Crystals: A Kinetic and Sum-Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy Study  

SciTech Connect

Sum-frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG-VS) and kinetic measurements using gas chromatography have been used to study the surface reaction intermediates during the hydrogenation of three {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated aldehydes, acrolein, crotonaldehyde, and prenal, over Pt(111) at Torr pressures (1 Torr aldehyde, 100 Torr hydrogen) in the temperature range of 295K to 415K. SFG-VS data showed that acrolein has mixed adsorption species of {eta}{sub 2}-di-{sigma}(CC)-trans, {eta}{sub 2}-di-{sigma}(CC)-cis as well as highly coordinated {eta}{sub 3} or {eta}{sub 4} species. Crotonaldehyde adsorbed to Pt(111) as {eta}{sub 2} surface intermediates. SFG-VS during prenal hydrogenation also suggested the presence of the {eta}{sub 2} adsorption species, and became more highly coordinated as the temperature was raised to 415K, in agreement with its enhanced C=O hydrogenation. The effect of catalyst surface structure was clarified by carrying out the hydrogenation of crotonaldehyde over both Pt(111) and Pt(100) single crystals while acquiring the SFG-VS spectra in situ. Both the kinetics and SFG-VS showed little structure sensitivity. Pt(100) generated more decarbonylation 'cracking' product while Pt(111) had a higher selectivity for the formation of the desired unsaturated alcohol, crotylalcohol.

Kliewer, C.J.; Somorjai, G.A.

2008-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

116

Unsaturated incompressible flows in adsorbing porous media V. Solonnikov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of mixtures, media with complex structure, pollution, remediation, ground freezing, composite material known example is the Green-Ampt model for water flow in soils [3]. There is an enormous variety

Fasano, Antonio

117

NSLS Booster & Linac Ring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Booster & Linac Ring Booster & Linac Ring Booster Operating Parameters (pdf) Lattice Information (pdf) Mechanical Drawing (pdf) Standard Operating Mode Electrons are injected into the NSLS storage rings from a 750 MeV booster synchrotron fed by a 120 MeV linac. The electrons are first produced in a 100 KeV triode electron gun. The gun is pulsed at the booster revolution period, 94.6 nsec, seven times per booster cycle. Each pulse is 5 nsec long and supplies about 17 microbunches in the linac. After acceleration in the linac, the beam is injected into the booster on seven successive turns. Multi-turn injection in the booster is accomplished in the following way: The beam is deflected into the booster by a septum magnet. The first linac pulse goes around the booster and returns to the injection point just as

118

DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATIONS OF THE UAL BASED SNS RING SIMULATION ENVIRONMENT.  

SciTech Connect

The SNS Ring off-line parallel simulation environment based on the Unified Accelerator Libraries (UAL) has en implemented and used for extensive full-scale beam dynamics studies arising in high-intensity ring. The paper describes the structure of this environment and its application to various high-intensity topics and diagnostics modeling.

MALITSKY,N.; CAMERON,P.; FEDOTOV,A.V.; SMITH,J.; WEI,J.

2002-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

119

Modules over principal ideal rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

need to note, however, , the difference between the two types of "union" of a set of submodules N 1 of a module N, The first is the "set-theoretic union" con- sisting of representatives of all the distinct elements to be found in the Ni... ideal R, which cons1sts of the elements of the ring. Consider the subset B of R of all elements of the form ra + na, where r and a are ring ele- ments and n is an integer. If rla + nla, r2a + n2a s B, then la + nla 2 2a la r2a + la 2 = (rl - r2)a...

Vieaux, Jules Bellin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

120

Two-step enzymatic reaction for the synthesis of pure structured triacylglycerides  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structured triacylglycerides with medium-chain fatty acids (caprylic acid) in sn1- and sn3-positions and a long-chain unsaturated fatty acid (oleic or linoleic acid) in the sn2-position of glycerol (MLM) were syn...

Mohamed M. Soumanou; Uwe T. Bornscheuer…

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Cavity-locked ring down spectroscopy  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Distinct locking and sampling light beams are used in a cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) system to perform multiple ring-down measurements while the laser and ring-down cavity are continuously locked. The sampling and locking light beams have different frequencies, to ensure that the sampling and locking light are decoupled within the cavity. Preferably, the ring-down cavity is ring-shaped, the sampling light is s-polarized, and the locking light is p-polarized. Transmitted sampling light is used for ring-down measurements, while reflected locking light is used for locking in a Pound-Drever scheme.

Zare, Richard N. (Stanford, CA); Paldus, Barbara A. (Stanford, CA); Harb, Charles C. (Palo Alto, CA); Spence, Thomas (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Pore-water extraction from unsaturated tuff by triaxial and one-dimensional compression methods, Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The hydrologic system in the unsaturated tuff at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, is being evaluated for the US Department of Energy by the Yucca Mountain Project Branch of the US Geological Survey as a potential site for a high-level radioactive-waste repository. Part of this investigation includes a hydrochemical study that is being made to assess characteristics of the hydrologic system such as: traveltime, direction of flow, recharge and source relations, and types and magnitudes of chemical reactions in the unsaturated tuff. In addition, this hydrochemical information will be used in the study of the dispersive and corrosive effects of unsaturated-zone water on the radioactive-waste storage canisters. This report describes the design and validation of laboratory experimental procedures for extracting representative samples of uncontaminated pore water from welded and nonwelded, unsaturated tuffs from the Nevada Test Site.

Mower, T.E. [PRC Environmental Management, Inc., Denver, CO (United States); Higgins, J.D. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Yang, In C.; Peters, C.A. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Magnetic edge states in Aharonov-Bohm graphene quantum rings  

SciTech Connect

The effect of electron-electron interaction on the electronic structure of Aharonov-Bohm (AB) graphene quantum rings (GQRs) is explored theoretically using the single-band tight-binding Hamiltonian and the mean-field Hubbard model. The electronic states and magnetic properties of hexagonal, triangular, and circular GQRs with different sizes and zigzag edge terminations are studied. The results show that, although the AB oscillations in the all types of nanoring are affected by the interaction, the spin splitting in the AB oscillations strongly depends on the geometry and the size of graphene nanorings. We found that the total spin of hexagonal and circular rings is zero and therefore, no spin splitting can be observed in the AB oscillations. However, the non-zero magnetization of the triangular rings breaks the degeneracy between spin-up and spin-down electrons, which produces spin-polarized AB oscillations.

Farghadan, R., E-mail: rfarghadan@kashanu.ac.ir; Heidari Semiromi, E. [Department of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saffarzadeh, A. [Department of Physics, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6 (Canada)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

124

Mechanical seal having a single-piece, perforated mating ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mechanical seal (e.g., single mechanical seals, double mechanical seals, tandem mechanical seals, bellows, pusher mechanical seals, and all types of rotating and reciprocating machines) with reduced contact surface temperature, reduced contact surface wear, or increased life span. The mechanical seal comprises a rotating ring and a single-piece, perforated mating ring, which improves heat transfer by controllably channeling coolant flow through the single-piece mating ring such that the coolant is in substantially uniform thermal contact with a substantial portion of the interior surface area of the seal face, while maintaining the structural integrity of the mechanical seal and minimizing the potential for coolant flow interruptions to the seal face caused by debris or contaminants (e.g., small solids and trash) in the coolant.

Khonsari, Michael M. (Baton Rouge, LA); Somanchi, Anoop K. (Fremont, CA)

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

125

Development of a capillary wick unsaturated zone pore water sampler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Many researchers, among them Kissel et al. (1973), Quisenberry and Phillips (1976), Ritchie et al. (1977), and Thomas and Phillips (1979), have shown that in structured soils, such as silt loams and clays, the majority of pezcolating water moves... glass and teflon. Three capillary wick samplers were constructed as shown in Fig. 1. Five cm diameter Pyrex tubing was attached to the glass plate with Armstrong Epoxy 271. The sections of pyrex tubing were attached to one another using steel teflon...

Holder, Michael Wayne

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Phase I Ring Compression Testing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Phase I Ring Compression Testing of High Burnup Cladding Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Phase I Ring Compression Testing of High Burnup Cladding The purpose of ring compression...

127

Unsaturated Phosphazenes as Co-Solvents for Lithium-Ion Battery Electrolytes  

SciTech Connect

This paper covers the synthesis and use of a related family of cyclic phosphazene solvents containing terminal unsaturations. A brief synopsis on the synthesis and purification of these compounds is given. Data will be presented that covers physical and chemical properties of the phosphazenes as well as the properties when blended at various level with representative organic carbonate baseline solvents. Cycling data will be presented using commercially available electrode couples (LRMR/C) as well as studies focusing on cell performance at early lifetime as well as after repeated cycles. Conclusions regarding the effect of the unsaturated phosphazene compounds and their interaction with various alkyl carbonates, and their effect on cell performance will be presented.

Mason K Harrup; Harry W. Rollins; David K. Jamison; Eric J Dufek; Kevin L Gering; Thomas A Luther

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Performance of the Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming Product Under Hydraulically Unsaturated Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Currently, several candidates for secondary waste immobilization at the Hanford site in the State of Washington, USA are being considered. To demonstrate the durability of the product in the unsaturated Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF) at the site, a series of tests have been performed one of the candidate materials using the Pressurized Unsaturated Flow (PUF) system. The material that was tested was the Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) granular product and the granular product encapsulated in a geopolymer matrix. The FBSR product is composed primarily of an insoluble sodium aluminosilicate matrix with the dominant phases being feldspathoid minerals mostly nepheline, sodalite, and nosean. The PUF test method allows for the accelerated weathering of materials, including radioactive waste forms, under hydraulically unsaturated conditions, thus mimicking the open-flow and transport properties that most likely will be present at the IDF. The experiments show a trend of decreasing tracer release as a function of time for several of the elements released from the material including Na, Si, Al, and Cs. However, some of the elements, notably I and Re, show a steady release throughout the yearlong test. This result suggests that the release of these minerals from the sodalite cage occurs at a different rate compared with the dissolution of the predominant nepheline phase.

Neeway, James J.; Qafoku, Nikolla; Williams, Benjamin D.; Rod, Kenton A.; Bowden, Mark E.; Brown, Christopher F.; Pierce, Eric M.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

RingScalar: A Complexity-Effective Out-of-Order Superscalar Microarchitecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RingScalar is a complexity-effective microarchitecture for out-of-order superscalar processors, that reduces the area, latency, and power of all major structures in the instruction flow. The design divides an N-way ...

Tseng, Jessica H.

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

130

Pattern formation in the exciton inner ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the two-beam study of indirect excitons in the inner ring in the exciton emission pattern. One laser beam generates the inner ring and a second weaker beam is positioned in the inner ring. The beam positioned in the inner ring is found to locally suppress the exciton emission intensity. We also report on the inner ring fragmentation and formation of multiple rings in the inner ring region. These features are found to originate from a weak spatial modulation of the excitation beam intensity in the inner ring region. The modulation of exciton emission intensity anticorrelates with the modulation of the laser excitation intensity. The three phenomena—inner ring fragmentation, formation of multiple rings in the inner ring region, and emission suppression by a weak laser beam in the inner ring—have a common feature: a reduction of exciton emission intensity in the region of enhanced laser excitation. This effect is explained in terms of exciton transport and thermalization.

M. Remeika, A. T. Hammack, S. V. Poltavtsev, L. V. Butov, J. Wilkes, A. L. Ivanov, K. L. Campman, M. Hanson, and A. C. Gossard

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

131

Stabilizer Codes over Frobenius Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

elements so that B = fjxi jx 2 Rg: 20 The addition and multiplication in the ring R will be used to de ne unitary shift and multiplication operators on Cq. Indeed, for each a in R, we de ne a shift operator X(a) : Cq ! Cq by X(a)jxi = jx+ ai for all x...((ajb)) to be the number of indices i such that ai 6= 0 or bi 6= 0. It follows from these de nitions that wt(!cX(a)Z(b)) = swt((ajb)): Let R be a ring with q elements. Let S be a subgroup of Gn. The stabilizer code Fix(S) associated with S is given by Fix(S) = fv 2 Cq...

Nadella, Sushma

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

Reflex ring laser amplifier system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a method and apparatus for providing a reflex ring laser system for amplifying an input laser pulse. The invention is particularly useful in laser fusion experiments where efficient production of high-energy and high power laser pulses is required. The invention comprises a large aperture laser amplifier in an unstable ring resonator which includes a combination spatial filter and beam expander having a magnification greater than unity. An input pulse is injected into the resonator, e.g., through an aperture in an input mirror. The injected pulse passes through the amplifier and spatial filter/expander components on each pass around the ring. The unstable resonator is designed to permit only a predetermined number of passes before the amplified pulse exits the resonator. On the first pass through the amplifier, the beam fills only a small central region of the gain medium. On each successive pass, the beam has been expanded to fill the next concentric non-overlapping region of the gain medium.

Summers, M.A.

1983-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

133

Wavelength-tunable optical ring resonators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical ring resonator devices are disclosed that can be used for optical filtering, modulation or switching, or for use as photodetectors or sensors. These devices can be formed as microdisk ring resonators, or as open-ring resonators with an optical waveguide having a width that varies adiabatically. Electrical and mechanical connections to the open-ring resonators are made near a maximum width of the optical waveguide to minimize losses and thereby provide a high resonator Q. The ring resonators can be tuned using an integral electrical heater, or an integral semiconductor junction.

Watts, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM); Trotter, Douglas C. (Albuquerque, NM); Young, Ralph W. (Albuquerque, NM); Nielson, Gregory N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

134

Rings in central-force network dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The central-force network dynamics model for glasses is extended to treat networks involving small regular rings of bonds. In particular, band-limit formulas are obtained for an A2X3 glass consisting of regular puckered six-membered A3X3 rings. The special case of planar rings is compared with observations on vitreous B2O3. This continuous random network of "boroxol" rings shows improved agreement with experiment over a model not containing rings. The remaining discrepancies illustrate the need to include noncentral forces in the network dynamics of v-B2O3.

F. L. Galeener and M. F. Thorpe

1983-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

135

Wavelength-tunable optical ring resonators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Optical ring resonator devices are disclosed that can be used for optical filtering, modulation or switching, or for use as photodetectors or sensors. These devices can be formed as microdisk ring resonators, or as open-ring resonators with an optical waveguide having a width that varies adiabatically. Electrical and mechanical connections to the open-ring resonators are made near a maximum width of the optical waveguide to minimize losses and thereby provide a high resonator Q. The ring resonators can be tuned using an integral electrical heater, or an integral semiconductor junction.

Watts, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM); Trotter, Douglas C. (Albuquerque, NM); Young, Ralph W. (Albuquerque, NM); Nielson, Gregory N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

136

Anionic Surfactant Mobility in Unsaturated Soil: The Impact of Molecular Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1994). In situ surfactant washing of polychlorinated biphenyls and soils from a contaminated field...1991). Importance of soil-contaminant-surfactant interactions for in situ soil washing. In D.-W. Tedder...

Barry J. Allred; Glenn O. Brown

137

Validity of batch sorption data to describe selenium transport through unsaturated tuff  

SciTech Connect

As part of project for characterizing Yucca Mt. as a potential site for high-level nuclear waste respository, we used UFA {trademark} technology (centifuge-induced flow) to directly measure selenite retardation coefficients and hydraulic conductivity under unsaturated conditions on two tuff samples from Yucca Mt. Retardation factor for the selenite species was 2.5 in both Yucca Mt. vitric tuff at 62.6% saturation and zeolitic nonwelded tuff from G-tunnel at 52.8% saturation. For these column experiments, we prepared a solution, using J-13 well water from NTS, with a Se conc. of 1.31 mg/L(ppM). The retardation factor of 2.5 measured for both tuffs translates into a sorption distribution coefficient K{sub d} of 0.9 mL/g for the vitric tuff and 0.8 mL/g for the zeolitic tuff. For batch sorption experiments, using the same zeolitic tuff as for the column experiments and solutions of J-13 well water with a Se conc. of 1.1 mg/L(ppM), the average K{sub d} was determined to be 0.1{+-}0.2 mL/g. Given the small K{sub d} values for Se sorption, general agreement between batch and column measurements (obtained under unsaturated conditions) was observed. Unsaturated hydraulic conductivities during the experiments were 2.5x10{sup -8} cm/s for the Yucca Mt. vitric tuff and 1.2x10{sup -8} cm/s for the zeolitic nonwelded tuff from G- tunnel.

Conca, J.L. [Tri-Cities Univ. Center, Richland, WA (United States); Triay, I.R.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Wednesday, 28 April 2010 00:00 Hexameric motor proteins represent a complex class of molecular machines that variously push and pull on biological molecules using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as chemical fuel. A specialized class of ring-shaped motor proteins, hexameric helicases, can unwind DNA strands and perform large-scale manipulations of single-stranded nucleic acids in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and gene expression. To understand how certain hexameric helicases walk with directional polarity along single-stranded nucleic acids, Berkeley researchers used x-ray crystallography at the ALS to solve the structure of a hexameric helicase, the Rho transcription termination factor (from E. coli), bound to both ATP mimics and an RNA substrate. The results showed that Rho functions like a rotary engine: as the motor spins, it pulls RNA strands through its interior. Interestingly, the rotary firing order of the motor is biased so that the Rho protein can walk in only one direction along the RNA chain.

139

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Wednesday, 28 April 2010 00:00 Hexameric motor proteins represent a complex class of molecular machines that variously push and pull on biological molecules using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as chemical fuel. A specialized class of ring-shaped motor proteins, hexameric helicases, can unwind DNA strands and perform large-scale manipulations of single-stranded nucleic acids in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and gene expression. To understand how certain hexameric helicases walk with directional polarity along single-stranded nucleic acids, Berkeley researchers used x-ray crystallography at the ALS to solve the structure of a hexameric helicase, the Rho transcription termination factor (from E. coli), bound to both ATP mimics and an RNA substrate. The results showed that Rho functions like a rotary engine: as the motor spins, it pulls RNA strands through its interior. Interestingly, the rotary firing order of the motor is biased so that the Rho protein can walk in only one direction along the RNA chain.

140

Cooling system for three hook ring segment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A triple hook ring segment including forward, midsection and aft mounting hooks for engagement with respective hangers formed on a ring segment carrier for supporting a ring segment panel, and defining a forward high pressure chamber and an aft low pressure chamber on opposing sides of the midsection mounting hook. An isolation plate is provided on the aft side of the midsection mounting hook to form an isolation chamber between the aft low pressure chamber and the ring segment panel. High pressure air is supplied to the forward chamber and flows to the isolation chamber through crossover passages in the midsection hook. The isolation chamber provides convection cooling air to an aft portion of the ring segment panel and enables a reduction of air pressure in the aft low pressure chamber to reduce leakage flow of cooling air from the ring segment.

Campbell, Christian X.; Eng, Darryl; Lee, Ching-Pang; Patat, Harry

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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141

Rate of Growth of Fungus Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... MR. O. G. S. CRAWFORD'S letter in NATURE of December 26, page 938, concerning the age of fairy rings, seems to warrant a letter ...

J. RAMSBOTTOM

1926-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

142

Status of the SLC damping rings  

SciTech Connect

Electron beams of full design energy 1.21 GeV and nearly full design intensity 4 x 10/sup 10/ particles/pulse (design 5 x 10/sup 10/) have been extracted from the Stanford Linac and successfully stored in the electron damping ring. Beams of less intensity have been extracted from the ring and reinjected into the Linac. The present intensity limits are not thought to be fundamental. The operating experience with the electron ring and the status of the construction of the positron ring will be discussed. 11 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Hutton, A.M.; Davies-White, W.A.; Delahaye, J.P.; Fieguth, T.H.; Hofmann, A.; Jager, J.; Kloeppel, P.K.; Lee, M.J.; Linebarger, W.A.; Rivkin, L.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Condenser for illuminating a ring field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A series of segments of a parent aspheric mirror having one foci at at a si-point source of radiation and the other foci at the radius of a ring field have all but one or all of their beams translated and rotated by sets of mirrors such that all of the beams pass through the real entrance pupil of a ring field camera about one of the beams and fall onto the ring field radius as a coincident image as an arc of the ring field.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Condenser for illuminating a ring field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A series of segments of a parent aspheric mirror having one foci at a point source of radiation and the other foci at the radius of a ring field have all but one or all of their beams translated and rotated by sets of mirrors such that all of the beams pass through the real entrance pupil of a ring field camera about one of the beams and fall onto the ring field radius as a coincident image as an arc of the ring field. 5 figs.

Sweatt, W.C.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Successful data recovery from oscillation photographs containing strong polycrystalline diffraction rings from an unknown small-molecule contaminant: preliminary structure solution of Salmonella typhimurium pyridoxal kinase (PdxK)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pyridoxal kinase (PdxK) from S. typhimurium was cloned, purified and crystallized. Successful structure solution was accomplished in spite of strong polycrystalline noise in the oscillation images.

Deka, G.

2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

146

Concentric ring flywheel with hooked ring carbon fiber separator/torque coupler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A concentric ring flywheel with expandable separators, which function as torque couplers, between the rings to take up the gap formed between adjacent rings due to differential expansion between different radius rings during rotation of the flywheel. The expandable separators or torque couplers include a hook-like section at an upper end which is positioned over an inner ring and a shelf-like or flange section at a lower end onto which the next adjacent outer ring is positioned. As the concentric rings are rotated the gap formed by the differential expansion there between is partially taken up by the expandable separators or torque couplers to maintain torque and centering attachment of the concentric rings.

Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Unsaturated zone characterization of the Area 5 Radioactive Waste Management Site  

SciTech Connect

Six undisturbed soil samples of near-surface sediments were collected from the Nevada Test Site (NTS) Radioactive Waste Management Site (RWMS) for physical and hydrologic characterization in the laboratory. Of these samples, three were obtained from the wall of Pit No. 3 and three from the floor. Physical properties measured on all samples were dry bulk density ({rho}{sub b}) and solid particle density ({rho}{sub s}). Average dry bulk densities for the wall and floor samples were 1.47 g/cm{sup 3} and 1.45 g/cm{sup 3}, while solid particle densities were 2.34 g/cc and 2.53 g/cc, respectively. Based on these values, the average porosity for the wall samples was computed to be 0.372 and for the floor samples, 0.427. Moisture content-pressure head relations for each sample were determined using the pressure plate method. The moisture characteristic curves generated from these data have shapes similar to those of a silty sand, with volumetric moisture contents of less than 7% at 33.4 bars. Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity was estimated using the computer model of van Genuchten (1978), which is based on the theoretical developments of Mualem (1976). Results indicate that at near-surface in situ moisture contents, the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity for both wall and floor samples is less than 10{sup {minus}8} cm/sec. 15 refs., 12 figs., 4 tabs.

Daffern, D.D.; Ebeling, L.L.; Cox, W.B.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Nonlinear dynamics in flow through unsaturated fractured-porous media: Status and perspectives  

SciTech Connect

The need has long been recognized to improve predictions of flow and transport in partially saturated heterogeneous soils and fractured rock of the vadose zone for many practical applications, such as remediation of contaminated sites, nuclear waste disposal in geological formations, and climate predictions. Until recently, flow and transport processes in heterogeneous subsurface media with oscillating irregularities were assumed to be random and were not analyzed using methods of nonlinear dynamics. The goals of this paper are to review the theoretical concepts, present the results, and provide perspectives on investigations of flow and transport in unsaturated heterogeneous soils and fractured rock, using the methods of nonlinear dynamics and deterministic chaos. The results of laboratory and field investigations indicate that the nonlinear dynamics of flow and transport processes in unsaturated soils and fractured rocks arise from the dynamic feedback and competition between various nonlinear physical processes along with complex geometry of flow paths. Although direct measurements of variables characterizing the individual flow processes are not technically feasible, their cumulative effect can be characterized by analyzing time series data using the models and methods of nonlinear dynamics and chaos. Identifying flow through soil or rock as a nonlinear dynamical system is important for developing appropriate short- and long-time predictive models, evaluating prediction uncertainty, assessing the spatial distribution of flow characteristics from time series data, and improving chemical transport simulations. Inferring the nature of flow processes through the methods of nonlinear dynamics could become widely used in different areas of the earth sciences.

Faybishenko, Boris

2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

149

Numerical simulation of gas flow through unsaturated fractured rock at Yucca Mountain, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Numerical analysis is used to identify the physical phenomena associated with barometrically driven gas (air and water vapor) flow through unsaturated fractured rock at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Results from simple finite difference simulations indicate that for a fractured rock scenario, the maximum velocity of air out of an uncased 10 cm borehole is 0.002 m s{sub {minus}1}. An equivalent porous medium (EPM) model was incorporated into a multiphase, multicomponent simulator to test more complex conceptual models. Results indicate that for a typical June day, a diurnal pressure wave propagates about 160 m into the surrounding Tiva Canyon hydrogeologic unit. Dry air that enters the formation evaporates water around the borehole which reduces capillary pressure. Multiphase countercurrent flow develops in the vicinity of the hole; the gas phase flows into the formation while the liquid phase flows toward the borehole. The effect occurs within 0.5 m of the borehole. The amount of water vapor leaving the formation during 1 day is 900 cm{sup 3}. This is less than 0.1% of the total recharge into the formation, suggesting that the barometric effect may be insignificant in drying the unsaturated zone. However, gas phase velocities out of the borehole (3 m s{sup {minus}1}), indicating that observed flow rates from wells along the east flank of Yucca Mountain were able to be simulated with a barometric model.

Cooper, C.A. [Nevada Univ., Las Vegas, NV (United States). Water Resources Center

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Inorganic Rings and Polymers of the p-Block Elements: From Fundamentals to Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inorganic Rings and Polymers of the p-Block Elements: From Fundamentals to Applications ... Chivers and Manners, two productive and highly respected scholars, have produced a very approachable monograph that presents the current state of knowledge of inorganic rings and polymers from both fundamental and applied perspectives. ... The chapter on electronic structure and bonding should be singled out as a particularly clear, useful, and up-to-date coverage of a topic that can be difficult to grasp. ...

Christopher W. Allen

2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

151

Steam in the Ring Discharge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The behaviour of steam and its decomposition products in the ring discharge has been examined. Dry hydrogen is not dissociated. The production of atomic hydrogen is dependent upon the presence of steam which dissociates into hydroxyl and atomic hydrogen. A secondary source of atomic hydrogen is then afforded by the interaction of hydroxyl with molecular hydrogen. The escape from the discharge of atomic hydrogen, a long-lived species, favours the dissociation of steam. Mercury vapour, on the other hand, inhibits the formation of atomic hydrogen and thus leads to a high equilibrium steam concentration. Unlike dry hydrogen, dry oxygen is dissociated into atoms, but these have a short life as such and recombine in the discharge to form molecular oxygen and ozone. The reaction mechanisms occurring in the discharge are discussed in the light of spectrographic results.

G I Finch

1949-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

A Saturn Ring Observer Mission Using Multi?Mission Radioisotope Power Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Saturn remains one of the most fascinating planets within the solar system. To better understand the complex ring structure of this planet a conceptual Saturn Ring Observer (SRO) mission is presented that would spend one year in close proximity to Saturn’s A and B rings and perform detailed observations and measurements of the ring particles and electric and magnetic fields. The primary objective of the mission would be to understand ring dynamics including the microphysics of individual particles and small scale (meters to a few kilometers) phenomena such as particle agglomeration behavior. This would be accomplished by multispectral imaging of the rings at multiple key locations within the A and B rings and by ring?particle imaging at an unprecedented resolution of 0.5 cm/pixel. The SRO spacecraft would use a Venus?Earth?Earth?Jupiter Gravity Assist (VEEJGA) and be aerocaptured into Saturn orbit using an advanced aeroshell design to minimize propellant mass. Once in orbit the SRO would stand off from the ring plane 1 to 1.4 km using chemical thrusters to provide short propulsive maneuvers four times per revolution effectively causing the SRO vehicle to “hop” above the ring plane. The conceptual SRO spacecraft would be enabled by the use of a new generation of multi?mission Radioisotope Power Systems (RPSs) currently being developed by NASA and DOE. These RPSs include the Multi?Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) and Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG). The RPSs would generate all necessary electrical power (?330 We at beginning of life) during the 10?year cruise and 1?year science mission (?11 years total). The RPS heat would be used to maintain the vehicle’s operating and survival temperatures minimizing the need for electrical heaters. Such a mission could potentially launch in the 2015–2020 timeframe with operations at Saturn commencing in approximately 2030.

Robert D. Abelson; Thomas R. Spilker; James H. Shirley

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

A Saturn Ring Observer Mission Using Multi-Mission Radioisotope Power Systems  

SciTech Connect

Saturn remains one of the most fascinating planets within the solar system. To better understand the complex ring structure of this planet, a conceptual Saturn Ring Observer (SRO) mission is presented that would spend one year in close proximity to Saturn's A and B rings, and perform detailed observations and measurements of the ring particles and electric and magnetic fields. The primary objective of the mission would be to understand ring dynamics, including the microphysics of individual particles and small scale (meters to a few kilometers) phenomena such as particle agglomeration behavior. This would be accomplished by multispectral imaging of the rings at multiple key locations within the A and B rings, and by ring-particle imaging at an unprecedented resolution of 0.5 cm/pixel. The SRO spacecraft would use a Venus-Earth-Earth-Jupiter Gravity Assist (VEEJGA) and be aerocaptured into Saturn orbit using an advanced aeroshell design to minimize propellant mass. Once in orbit, the SRO would stand off from the ring plane 1 to 1.4 km using chemical thrusters to provide short propulsive maneuvers four times per revolution, effectively causing the SRO vehicle to 'hop' above the ring plane. The conceptual SRO spacecraft would be enabled by the use of a new generation of multi-mission Radioisotope Power Systems (RPSs) currently being developed by NASA and DOE. These RPSs include the Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) and Stirling Radioisotope Generator (SRG). The RPSs would generate all necessary electrical power ({>=}330 We at beginning of life) during the 10-year cruise and 1-year science mission ({approx}11 years total). The RPS heat would be used to maintain the vehicle's operating and survival temperatures, minimizing the need for electrical heaters. Such a mission could potentially launch in the 2015-2020 timeframe, with operations at Saturn commencing in approximately 2030.

Abelson, Robert D.; Spilker, Thomas R.; Shirley, James H. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Mail Stop 301-445W, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099 (United States)

2006-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

154

Bernstein instability driven by thermal ring distribution  

SciTech Connect

The classic Bernstein waves may be intimately related to banded emissions detected in laboratory plasmas, terrestrial, and other planetary magnetospheres. However, the customary discussion of the Bernstein wave is based upon isotropic thermal velocity distribution function. In order to understand how such waves can be excited, one needs an emission mechanism, i.e., an instability. In non-relativistic collision-less plasmas, the only known Bernstein wave instability is that associated with a cold perpendicular velocity ring distribution function. However, cold ring distribution is highly idealized. The present Brief Communication generalizes the cold ring distribution model to include thermal spread, so that the Bernstein-ring instability is described by a more realistic electron distribution function, with which the stabilization by thermal spread associated with the ring distribution is demonstrated. The present findings imply that the excitation of Bernstein waves requires a sufficiently high perpendicular velocity gradient associated with the electron distribution function.

Yoon, Peter H., E-mail: yoonp@umd.edu [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Hadi, Fazal; Qamar, Anisa [Institute of Physics and Electronics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25000 (Pakistan)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Synthesis of ?,?-Unsaturated 4,5-Disubstituted ?-Lactones via Ring-Closing Metathesis Catalyzed by the First-Generation Grubbs' Catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mauro Bassetti ,*† Andrea D'Annibale ,*‡ Alessia Fanfoni , and Franco Minissi ; ... Andrea D'Annibale and Laura Ciaralli, Mauro Bassetti andChiara Pasquini ... Andrea D'Annibale and Laura Ciaralli, Mauro Bassetti andChiara Pasquini ...

Mauro Bassetti; Andrea D'Annibale; Alessia Fanfoni; Franco Minissi

2005-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

156

FREE RESOLUTIONS OVER SHORT LOCAL RINGS LUCHEZAR L. AVRAMOV, SRIKANTH B. IYENGAR, AND LIANA M. SEGA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FREE RESOLUTIONS OVER SHORT LOCAL RINGS LUCHEZAR L. AVRAMOV, SRIKANTH B. IYENGAR, AND LIANA M. S¸EGA To the memory of our friend and colleague Anders Frankild. Abstract. The structure of minimal free resolutions This paper is concerned with the structure of minimal free resolutions of finite (that is, finitely generated

Sega, Liana - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Missouri

157

1,4-Addition of Lithium Diisopropylamide to Unsaturated Esters: Role of Rate-Limiting Deaggregation, Autocatalysis,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1,4-Addition of Lithium Diisopropylamide to Unsaturated Esters: Role of Rate-Limiting Deaggregation, Autocatalysis, Lithium Chloride Catalysis, and Other Mixed Aggregation Effects Yun Ma, Alexander C. Hoepker.edu Abstract: Lithium diisopropylamide (LDA) in tetrahydrofuran at -78 °C undergoes 1,4-addition

Collum, David B.

158

A dynamic prediction model for gas-water effective permeability in unsaturated coalbed methane reservoirs based on production data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Effective permeability of gas and water in coalbed methane (CBM) reservoirs is vital during CBM development. However, few studies have investigated it for unsaturated CBM reservoirs rather than saturated CBM reservoirs. In this work, the dynamic prediction model (PM-Corey model) for average gas-water effective permeability in two-phase flow in saturated CBM reservoirs was improved to describe unsaturated CBM reservoirs. In the improved effective permeability model, Palmer et al. absolute permeability model segmented based on critical desorption pressure and Chen et al. relative permeability model segmented based on critical water saturation were introduced and coupled comprehensively under conditions with the identical reservoir pressures and the identical water saturations through production data and the material balance equations (MBEs) in unsaturated CBM reservoirs. Taking the Hancheng CBM field as an example, the differences between the saturated and unsaturated effective permeability curves were compared. The results illustrate that the new dynamic prediction model could characterize not only the stage of two-phase flow but also the stage of single-phase water drainage. Also, the new model can accurately reflect the comprehensive effects of the positive and negative effects (the matrix shrinking effect and the effective stress effect) and the gas Klinkenberg effect of coal reservoirs, especially for the matrix shrinkage effect and the gas Klinkenberg effect, which can improve the effective permeability of gas production and render the process more economically. The new improved model is more realistic and practical than previous models.

Junlong Zhao; Dazhen Tang; Hao Xu; Yanjun Meng; Yumin Lv; Shu Tao

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Strain-Release Activation of ?,?-Unsaturated Amides Towards Conjugate Addition of N, O and S - Nucleophiles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and accepts a variety of different alkyl-nitro nucleophiles under identical conditions to form thiolactam derivatives 8 in excellent yields (Table 1, entries 2, 4, 6 and 8). 4 Table 1 Entry X R1 R3 R2 yield (%) dr 1 O H H n-Bu 17 - 2 S H H n-Bu 88... >99:1 3 O Me H n-Bu trace - 4 S Me H n-Bu 88 >99:1 5 O Me Bn Allyl trace - 6 S Me Bn Allyl 90 >99:1 7 O (CH2)5 Ph H 37 na 8 S (CH2)5 Ph H 72 na One other example of 1,4-addition of nitroalkanes to an unsaturated lactam was published in 2006...

Banning, Joseph Erik

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

160

Unsaturated drip tests on sludge based SRL glass : the effects of prior vapor hydration.  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of a sludge-based Savannah River Laboratory (SRL) waste glasses exposed to as much as 7 years of unsaturated test conditions is reported. This test series included both as-cast glass and glass that had been pre-altered by exposure to 200 C water vapor. Actinides (except neptunium) are retained in alteration products and released primarily as solution-borne colloids and particulate when fresh glass is reacted. Pre-altered glass, however, rapidly releases most elements (including actinides) in a nearly congruent manner when first exposed to dripping water. Normalized boron release from the aged glass is more rapid than that of any other element by an order of magnitude. The response of pre-altered glass, as determined by cumulative boron release, follows a power-law behavior with time, corresponding roughly to t{sup 1/4}. This is consistent with a diffusion transport through clay alteration phases on the glass surface.

Fortner, J. A.

1998-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

Studies on unsaturated zone hydrology and radionuclide migration at a shallow-land burial site  

SciTech Connect

We studied unsaturated zone hydrology and the migration of radionuclides at a shallow-land burial site located at Maxey Flats, Kentucky. The initial results indicate that the principal pathway of water entry into the trench was by percolation through the trench caps. Tritium-bearing water was found to be moving upward from a saturated waste-burial trench through the trench cap to the soil surface. Evidence of tritium movement at a depth of 3 to 4 meters was observed to a distance of about 5 meters laterally. No /sup 137/Cs migration was observed, but very small amounts of /sup 238/Pu and /sup 60/Co were found to have migrated short distances from the trench.

Schulz, R.K. (Univ. of California, Berkeley); Fowler, E.B.; Essington, E.H.; Polzer, W.L.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Molecular Model of the Contractile Ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model for the actin contractile ring of adherent animal cells. The model suggests that the actin concentration within the ring and consequently the power that the ring exerts both increase during contraction. We demonstrate the crucial role of actin polymerization and depolymerization throughout cytokinesis, and the dominance of viscous dissipation in the dynamics. The physical origin of two phases in cytokinesis dynamics ("biphasic cytokinesis") follows from a limitation on the actin density. The model is consistent with a wide range of measurements of the midzone of dividing animal cells.

D. Biron; E. Alvarez-Lacalle; Tsvi Tlusty; Elisha Moses

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

163

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Hexameric motor proteins represent a complex class of molecular machines that variously push and pull on biological molecules using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as chemical fuel. A specialized class of ring-shaped motor proteins, hexameric helicases, can unwind DNA strands and perform large-scale manipulations of single-stranded nucleic acids in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and gene expression. To understand how certain hexameric helicases walk with directional polarity along single-stranded nucleic acids, Berkeley researchers used x-ray crystallography at the ALS to solve the structure of a hexameric helicase, the Rho transcription termination factor (from E. coli), bound to both ATP mimics and an RNA substrate. The results showed that Rho functions like a rotary engine: as the motor spins, it pulls RNA strands through its interior. Interestingly, the rotary firing order of the motor is biased so that the Rho protein can walk in only one direction along the RNA chain.

164

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Hexameric motor proteins represent a complex class of molecular machines that variously push and pull on biological molecules using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as chemical fuel. A specialized class of ring-shaped motor proteins, hexameric helicases, can unwind DNA strands and perform large-scale manipulations of single-stranded nucleic acids in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and gene expression. To understand how certain hexameric helicases walk with directional polarity along single-stranded nucleic acids, Berkeley researchers used x-ray crystallography at the ALS to solve the structure of a hexameric helicase, the Rho transcription termination factor (from E. coli), bound to both ATP mimics and an RNA substrate. The results showed that Rho functions like a rotary engine: as the motor spins, it pulls RNA strands through its interior. Interestingly, the rotary firing order of the motor is biased so that the Rho protein can walk in only one direction along the RNA chain.

165

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Hexameric motor proteins represent a complex class of molecular machines that variously push and pull on biological molecules using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as chemical fuel. A specialized class of ring-shaped motor proteins, hexameric helicases, can unwind DNA strands and perform large-scale manipulations of single-stranded nucleic acids in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and gene expression. To understand how certain hexameric helicases walk with directional polarity along single-stranded nucleic acids, Berkeley researchers used x-ray crystallography at the ALS to solve the structure of a hexameric helicase, the Rho transcription termination factor (from E. coli), bound to both ATP mimics and an RNA substrate. The results showed that Rho functions like a rotary engine: as the motor spins, it pulls RNA strands through its interior. Interestingly, the rotary firing order of the motor is biased so that the Rho protein can walk in only one direction along the RNA chain.

166

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Hexameric motor proteins represent a complex class of molecular machines that variously push and pull on biological molecules using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as chemical fuel. A specialized class of ring-shaped motor proteins, hexameric helicases, can unwind DNA strands and perform large-scale manipulations of single-stranded nucleic acids in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and gene expression. To understand how certain hexameric helicases walk with directional polarity along single-stranded nucleic acids, Berkeley researchers used x-ray crystallography at the ALS to solve the structure of a hexameric helicase, the Rho transcription termination factor (from E. coli), bound to both ATP mimics and an RNA substrate. The results showed that Rho functions like a rotary engine: as the motor spins, it pulls RNA strands through its interior. Interestingly, the rotary firing order of the motor is biased so that the Rho protein can walk in only one direction along the RNA chain.

167

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Hexameric motor proteins represent a complex class of molecular machines that variously push and pull on biological molecules using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as chemical fuel. A specialized class of ring-shaped motor proteins, hexameric helicases, can unwind DNA strands and perform large-scale manipulations of single-stranded nucleic acids in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and gene expression. To understand how certain hexameric helicases walk with directional polarity along single-stranded nucleic acids, Berkeley researchers used x-ray crystallography at the ALS to solve the structure of a hexameric helicase, the Rho transcription termination factor (from E. coli), bound to both ATP mimics and an RNA substrate. The results showed that Rho functions like a rotary engine: as the motor spins, it pulls RNA strands through its interior. Interestingly, the rotary firing order of the motor is biased so that the Rho protein can walk in only one direction along the RNA chain.

168

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Rotary Firing in Ring-Shaped Protein Explains Unidirectionality Print Hexameric motor proteins represent a complex class of molecular machines that variously push and pull on biological molecules using adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as chemical fuel. A specialized class of ring-shaped motor proteins, hexameric helicases, can unwind DNA strands and perform large-scale manipulations of single-stranded nucleic acids in processes such as DNA replication, DNA repair, and gene expression. To understand how certain hexameric helicases walk with directional polarity along single-stranded nucleic acids, Berkeley researchers used x-ray crystallography at the ALS to solve the structure of a hexameric helicase, the Rho transcription termination factor (from E. coli), bound to both ATP mimics and an RNA substrate. The results showed that Rho functions like a rotary engine: as the motor spins, it pulls RNA strands through its interior. Interestingly, the rotary firing order of the motor is biased so that the Rho protein can walk in only one direction along the RNA chain.

169

The positron accumulator ring for the APS  

SciTech Connect

The Positron Accumulator Ring (PAR) is designed to accumulate and damp positrons from the 450-MeV linac during the 0.5-s cycle time of the injector synchrotron for the APS 7-GeV storage ring. During 0.4 s of each synchrotron cycle, up to 24 linac pulses are injected into the horizontal phase space of the PAR at a 60-Hz rate. Each injected pulse occupies about 1.3 of the circumference of the accumulator ring. After 0.1 s for longitudinal damping, the single accumulated bunch is transferred to one of the 353-MHz buckets of the injector synchrotron RF system. The bunch is accelerated to 7 GeV and transferred to the storage ring, while the PAR accumulates the next bunch of positrons. 2 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Crosbie, E.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

RingCentral Mailboxes | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Description RingCentral Mailboxes Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-3372 More Documents & Publications...

171

The MAX IV storage ring project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of the MAX IV 3 GeV ultralow-emittance storage ring is presented and the implementation of solutions to the technological challenges imposed by the compact multi-bend achromat lattice are described.

Tavares, P.F.

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

172

‘Optimal’ vortex rings and aquatic propulsion mechanisms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...vortex rings and aquatic propulsion mechanisms P. F. Linden...fluid mechanics behind these propulsion mechanisms and show that...over the cycle. 4. FISH PROPULSION BY UNDULATORY SWIMMING Most marine organisms have only discrete...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Storage rings for spin-polarized hydrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A strong-focusing storage ring is proposed for the long-term magnetic confinement of a collisional gas of neutral spin-polarized hydrogen atoms in the |a? and |b? hyperfine states. The...

Thompson, D; Lovelace, R V E; Lee, D M

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Low thermal expansion seal ring support  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Today, the trend is to increase the temperature of operation of gas turbine engines. To cool the components with compressor discharge air, robs air which could otherwise be used for combustion and creates a less efficient gas turbine engine. The present low thermal expansion sealing ring support system reduces the quantity of cooling air required while maintaining life and longevity of the components. Additionally, the low thermal expansion sealing ring reduces the clearance "C","C'" demanded between the interface between the sealing surface and the tip of the plurality of turbine blades. The sealing ring is supported by a plurality of support members in a manner in which the sealing ring and the plurality of support members independently expand and contract relative to each other and to other gas turbine engine components.

Dewis, David W. (San Diego, CA); Glezer, Boris (Del Mar, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Power Ring LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ring LLC Ring LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Power Ring LLC Place Goleta, California Zip 93117 Product Power Ring is a power storage technology developer working on technology developed by parent firm LaunchPoint Technologies. Coordinates 34.435682°, -119.824105° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.435682,"lon":-119.824105,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

176

The endomorphism near ring on D?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE FNDOMORPHISM NEAR RING ON Dg A Thesis by Fdgar Raymond Guthrie Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTFR OF SCIENCE ~A 1969 (Month) (Year) Major... Subject: Mathematics THE ENDOMORPHISM NEAR RING ON Dg A Thesis by Edgar Raymond Guthrie Approved as to style and content by: (Cha' of Committee) (YAead of Department) (Member) (Member) (Member) (Member) ~AA 1969 (Month) (Year) ABSTRACT...

Guthrie, Edgar Raymond

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Completion of an Archimedean f-Ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......archimedean /-ring has a completion; in fact, every such ring...and closed sets in SC. THE COMPLETION OF AN ABCHIMEDEAN /-RING...there is a point ye% and and index AeA such that/A(y...Theorem except LEMMA 3. The completion of an archimedean f-ring......

D. G. Johnson

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Tune measurement in the APS ring  

SciTech Connect

The APS system will contain three rings. The first is a positron accumulator ring (PAR). Its function is to coalesce 24, 30-ns-long positron bunches into one 290-ps bunch. The second is the injector synchrotron (IS). It accelerates the 450-MeV positron bunches to 7 Gev for injection into the storage ring (SR). Betatron and synchrotron motion frequently occurs in circular machines, without any deliberate excitation. However, the amplitudes of this motion cannot be predicted. Therefore, it is desirable to have controlled ways to excite these modes. Two types of devices will be used to excite the beam. One will be a magnetic kicker or bumper. All rings already have these devices planned for the horizontal direction for injecting and extracting beams. Some of these magnets will be used for exiting horizontal betatron motion. In the storage ring, a special kicker will be installed to produce up to 1 mm amplitude motion in the vertical direction. Two 8.4-in striplines (SL) (1/4 wavelength at 352 MHz) will be installed on all rings. One stripline in each ring will be used to drive all three tunes, and the other stripline will be used as a pickup. In the PAR and IS, the pickup stripline will be in a dispersive region. This will allow observation of both betatron and synchrotron motions. In the SR, the stripline will be in a nondispersive region because it is not practical to install it in a dispersive region. To do synchrotron tune measurements in the SR, one of the button BPMs located in a dispersive region will be used. To minimize development effort, as much of the BPM system electronics as possible will be used in the tune measurement system. The BPM electronics uses the AMP/PM conversion technique. This system operates at 352 MHz. Thus, tune measurement components were also designed to operate at 352 MHz.

Sellyey, W.; Kahana, E.; Wang, X.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Unsaturated zone waters from the Nopal I natural analog, Chihuahua, Mexico -- Implications for radionuclide mobility at Yucca Mountain  

SciTech Connect

Chemical and U-Th isotopic data on unsaturated zone waters from the Nopal I natural analog reveal effects of water-rock interaction and help constrain models of radionuclide release and transport at the site and, by analogy, at the proposed nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. Geochemical reaction-path modeling indicates that, under oxidizing conditions, dissolution of uraninite (spent fuel analog) by these waters will lead to eventual schoepite precipitation regardless of initial silica concentration provided that groundwater is not continuously replenished. Thus, less soluble uranyl silicates may not dominate the initial alteration assemblage and keep dissolved U concentrations low. Uranium-series activity ratios are consistent with models of U transport at the site and display varying degrees of leaching versus recoil mobilization. Thorium concentrations may reflect the importance of colloidal transport of low-solubility radionuclides in the unsaturated zone.

Pickett, D.A.; Murphy, W.M.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Determination of Transport Properties From Flowing Fluid Temperature LoggingIn Unsaturated Fractured Rocks: Theory And Semi-Analytical Solution  

SciTech Connect

Flowing fluid temperature logging (FFTL) has been recently proposed as a method to locate flowing fractures. We argue that FFTL, backed up by data from high-precision distributed temperature sensors, can be a useful tool in locating flowing fractures and in estimating the transport properties of unsaturated fractured rocks. We have developed the theoretical background needed to analyze data from FFTL. In this paper, we present a simplified conceptualization of FFTL in unsaturated fractured rock, and develop a semianalytical solution for spatial and temporal variations of pressure and temperature inside a borehole in response to an applied perturbation (pumping of air from the borehole). We compare the semi-analytical solution with predictions from the TOUGH2 numerical simulator. Based on the semi-analytical solution, we propose a method to estimate the permeability of the fracture continuum surrounding the borehole. Using this proposed method, we estimated the effective fracture continuum permeability of the unsaturated rock hosting the Drift Scale Test (DST) at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Our estimate compares well with previous independent estimates for fracture permeability of the DST host rock. The conceptual model of FFTL presented in this paper is based on the assumptions of single-phase flow, convection-only heat transfer, and negligible change in system state of the rock formation. In a sequel paper [Mukhopadhyay et al., 2008], we extend the conceptual model to evaluate some of these assumptions. We also perform inverse modeling of FFTL data to estimate, in addition to permeability, other transport parameters (such as porosity and thermal conductivity) of unsaturated fractured rocks.

Mukhopadhyay, Sumit; Tsang, Yvonne W.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Gasket and snap ring installation tool  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tool for installing a gasket and a snap ring including a shaft, a first plate attached to the forward end of the shaft, a second plate slidably carried by the shaft, a spring disposed about the shaft between the first and second plates, and a sleeve that is free to slide over the shaft and engage the second plate. The first plate has a loading surface with a loading groove for receiving a snap ring and a shoulder for holding a gasket. A plurality of openings are formed through the first plate, communicating with the loading groove and approximately equally spaced about the groove. A plurality of rods are attached to the second plate, each rod slidable in one of the openings. In use, the loaded tool is inserted into a hollow pipe or pipe fitting having an internal flange and an internal seating groove, such that the gasket is positioned against the flange and the ring is in the approximate plane of the seating groove. The sleeve is pushed against the second plate, sliding the second plate towards the first plate, compressing the spring and sliding the rods forwards in the openings. The rods engage the snap ring and urge the ring from the loading groove into the seating groove.

Southerland, Jr., James M. (Aiken, SC); Barringer, Jr., Curtis N. (Orangeburg, SC)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Structure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure Structure functions 1 NOTE: THE FIGURES IN THIS SECTION ARE INTENDED TO SHOW THE REPRESENTATIVE DATA. THEY ARE NOT MEANT TO BE COMPLETE COMPILATIONS OF ALL THE WORLD'S RELIABLE DATA. Q 2 (GeV 2 ) F 2 (x,Q 2 ) * 2 i x H1 ZEUS BCDMS E665 NMC SLAC 10 -3 10 -2 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 10 7 10 8 10 9 10 -1 1 10 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5 10 6 Figure 16.6: The proton structure function F p 2 measured in electromagnetic scattering of positrons on protons (collider experiments ZEUS and H1), in the kinematic domain of the HERA data, for x > 0.00006 (cf. Fig. 16.9 for data at smaller x and Q 2 ), and for electrons (SLAC) and muons (BCDMS, E665, NMC) on a fixed target. Statistical and systematic errors added in quadrature are shown. The data are plotted as a function of Q 2 in bins of fixed x. Some points have been slightly offset in Q 2 for clarity. The ZEUS binning in x is used in this plot; all other data are rebinned to the x values of

183

Synopsis of recent moisture flux analyses relevant to the unsaturated zone at Area G  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes selected recent analyses relevant to the assessment of the site performance for disposal facilities at Los Alamos (Area G) regarding unsaturated zone transport of moisture in liquid and vapor phases and the surface water balance. Much of the analyses methods have been reported previously but in several separate and detailed reports. These do not always reflect the overview possible with hindsight. The present report is an attempt to integrate the author`s previous results into a cohesive whole. Due to project time constraints, this report is incomplete in some area. This report first reviews the basis for the Darcy flux analyses and its inherent uncertainties, as detailed in previous reports. Results from the previous works are then reviewed and discussed and in some cases, elaborated in an attempt for clarification. New results of the Darcy Flux Analyses are presented and discussed for Area G mesa top locations, nearby canyon locations and a second mesa top location (TA46 west of Area G). Select evapotranspiration and precipitation data from TA6 are presented and discussed. The conclusions section draws a picture of the hydrology which unifies the study results reported here and in previous reports for the undisturbed and disturbed site locations.

Vold, E.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Parameter estimation from flowing fluid temperature logging data in unsaturated fractured rock using multiphase inverse modeling  

SciTech Connect

A simple conceptual model has been recently developed for analyzing pressure and temperature data from flowing fluid temperature logging (FFTL) in unsaturated fractured rock. Using this conceptual model, we developed an analytical solution for FFTL pressure response, and a semianalytical solution for FFTL temperature response. We also proposed a method for estimating fracture permeability from FFTL temperature data. The conceptual model was based on some simplifying assumptions, particularly that a single-phase airflow model was used. In this paper, we develop a more comprehensive numerical model of multiphase flow and heat transfer associated with FFTL. Using this numerical model, we perform a number of forward simulations to determine the parameters that have the strongest influence on the pressure and temperature response from FFTL. We then use the iTOUGH2 optimization code to estimate these most sensitive parameters through inverse modeling and to quantify the uncertainties associated with these estimated parameters. We conclude that FFTL can be utilized to determine permeability, porosity, and thermal conductivity of the fracture rock. Two other parameters, which are not properties of the fractured rock, have strong influence on FFTL response. These are pressure and temperature in the borehole that were at equilibrium with the fractured rock formation at the beginning of FFTL. We illustrate how these parameters can also be estimated from FFTL data.

Mukhopadhyay, S.; Tsang, Y.; Finsterle, S.

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

Advective Desorption of Uranium (VI) from Contaminated Hanford Vadose Zone Sediments under Saturated and Unsaturated Conditions  

SciTech Connect

Sedimentary, hydrologic, and geochemical variations in the Hanford subsurface environment, as well as compositional differences in contaminating waste streams, have created vast differences in the migration and mobility of uranium within the subsurface environment. A series of hydraulically-saturated and -unsaturated column experiments were performed to i.) assess the effect of water content on the advective desorption and migration of uranium from contaminated sediments, and ii.) evaluate the uranium concentration that can develop in porewater and/or groundwater as a result of desorption/dissolution reactions. Flow rate and moisture content were varied to evaluate the influence of contact time, pore water velocity, and macropore desaturation on aqueous uranium concentrations. Sediments were collected from the T-TX-TY tank farm complex and the 300 Area Process Ponds located on the Hanford Site, southeastern Washington State. The sediments vary in depth, mineralogy, and in contamination events. Experiments were conducted under mildly alkaline/calcareous conditions representative of conditions commonly encountered at repository sites across the arid western United States and, in particular, the Hanford site. Results illustrate the release of uranium from these sediments is kinetically controlled and low water contents encountered within the Hanford vadose zone result in the formation of mobile-immobile water regimes, which isolate a fraction of the reactive sites within the sediments, effectively reducing the concentration of uranium released into migrating porewaters.

Wellman, Dawn M.; Zachara, John M.; Liu, Chongxuan; Qafoku, Nikolla; Smith, Steven C.; Forrester, Steven W.

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

186

Strontium and cesium release mechanisms during unsaturated flow through waste-weathered Hanford sediments  

SciTech Connect

Leaching behavior of Sr and Cs in the vadose zone of Hanford site (WA, USA) was studied with laboratory-weathered sediments mimicking realistic conditions beneath the leaking radioactive waste storage tanks. Unsaturated column leaching experiments were conducted using background Hanford pore water focused on first 200 pore volumes. The weathered sediments were prepared by 6 months reaction with a synthetic Hanford tank waste leachate containing Sr and Cs (10-5 and 10-3 molal representative of LO- and HI-sediment, respectively) as surrogates for 90Sr and 137Cs. The mineral composition of the weathered sediments showed that zeolite (chabazite-type) and feldspathoid (sodalite-type) were the major byproducts but different contents depending on the weathering conditions. Reactive transport modeling indicated that Cs leaching was controlled by ion-exchange, while Sr release was affected primarily by dissolution of the secondary minerals. The later release of K, Al, and Si from the HI-column indicated the additional dissolution of a more crystalline mineral (cancrinite-type). A two-site ion-exchange model successfully simulated the Cs release from the LO-column. However, a three-site ion-exchange model was needed for the HI-column. The study implied that the weathering conditions greatly impact the speciation of the secondary minerals and leaching behavior of sequestrated Sr and Cs.

Chang, Hyun-Shik; Um, Wooyong; Rod, Kenton A.; Serne, R. Jeffrey; Thompson, Aaron; Perdrial, Nicolas; Steefel, Carl I.; Chorover, Jon

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Photoneutron production inside the APS Storage Ring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Neutron Fluence Estimates Inside the APS Storage Ring During Normal Operation P.K. Job and J. Alderman Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory April 2002 Neutron Fluence Estimates Inside the APS Storage Ring During Normal Operation P.K. Job and J. Alderman Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory April 2002 Introduction In an electron storage ring, neutrons are generated as a result of the electron beam interaction with high-Z materials, such as scrapers and collimators [1]. When the energy of the incident electron beam is sufficiently high, it can produce high-energy photons, which subsequently interact with a nucleus, resulting in the emission of nucleons. This interaction is known as a photonuclear interaction. For photons with energies above the

188

CHALLENGES FOR THE SNS RING ENERGY UPGRADE  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge Spallation Neutron Source accumulator ring presently operates at a beam power of about 1 MW with a beam energy of about 910 MeV. A power upgrade is planned to increase the beam energy to 1.3 GeV. For the accumulator ring this mostly involves modifications to the injection and extraction sections. A variety of modifications to the existing injection section were necessary to achieve 1 MW, and the tools developed and the lessons learned from this work are now being applied to the design of the new injection section. This paper will discuss the tools and the lessons learned, and also present the design and status of the upgrades to the accumulator ring.

Plum, Michael A [ORNL; Gorlov, Timofey V [ORNL; Holmes, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hunter, W Ted [ORNL; Roseberry, Jr., R Tom [ORNL; Wang, Jian-Guang [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Coherence and persistent currents in mesoscopic rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate, to first order in the screened electron-electron interaction, the grand potential and the equilibrium current in a mesoscopic normal-metal ring threaded by a magnetic flux. The average current in an ensemble of such rings is found to be periodic in the flux with period h/2e, and to be given at zero temperature in order of magnitude by I?evFl/L2, where l is the mean free path and L the circumference of the ring. Interference between time-reversed paths, as in the theory of weak localization, is the crucial ingredient. The effect decreases exponentially with temperature on a scale determined by the coherence energy ?hD/L2, where D is the electronic diffusion constant. The results are in good agreement with recent measurements.

Vinay Ambegaokar and Ulrich Eckern

1990-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

190

On cohomology rings of infinite groups.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let R be any ring (with 1), \\Gamma a group and R\\Gamma the corresponding group ring. Let Ext_{R\\Gamma}^{*}(M,M) be the cohomology ring associated to the R\\Gamma-module M. Let H be a subgroup of finite index of \\Gamma. The following is a special version of our main Theorem: Assume the profinite completion of \\Gamma is torsion free. Then an element \\zeta in Ext_{R\\Gamma}^{*}(M,M) is nilpotent (under Yoneda's product) if and only if its restriction to Ext_{RH}^{*}(M,M)$ is nilpotent. In particular this holds for the Thompson group. There are torsion free groups for which the analogous statement is false.

Eli Aljadeff

191

Self-assembly of oxide-supported metal clusters into ring-like Kristoffer Meinander,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-assembly of oxide-supported metal clusters into ring-like structures Kristoffer Meinander, Kai, Finland Abstract Self-assembly is a phenomenon that continuously occurs at the nanoscale, as atoms form of these organized systems, but the precise mechanism, with which this self-assembly progresses, is seldom known

Nordlund, Kai

192

Ground Ring Of Two Dimensional String Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

String theories with two dimensional space-time target spaces are characterized by the existence of a ``ground ring'' of operators of spin $(0,0)$. By understanding this ring, one can understand the symmetries of the theory and illuminate the relation of the critical string theory to matrix models. The symmetry groups that arise are, roughly, the area preserving diffeomorphisms of a two dimensional phase space that preserve the fermi surface (of the matrix model) and the volume preserving diffeomorphisms of a three dimensional cone. The three dimensions in question are the matrix eigenvalue, its canonical momentum, and the time of the matrix model.

Edward Witten

1991-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

193

Dissociative recombination: Results from storage rings  

SciTech Connect

The focus of this article is on the measurement of product branching ratios in the dissociative recombination of polyatomic molecular ions with electrons by means of ion storage rings. Recombination of ions of interest in astrophysics, plasma-assisted combustion, thermonuclear fusion, protein fragmentation, and atmospheric physics are reviewed and discussed.

Larsson, Mats [Department of Physics, AlbaNova, Stockholm University, Stockholm, SE-106 91 (Sweden)

2005-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

194

Correction magnets for the Fermilab Recycler Ring  

SciTech Connect

In the commissioning of the Fermilab Recycler ring the need for higher order corrector magnets in the regions near beam transfers was discovered. Three types of permanent magnet skew quadrupoles, and two types of permanent magnet sextupoles were designed and built. This paper describes the need for these magnets, the design, assembly, and magnetic measurements.

James T Volk et al.

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

195

Knot localization in adsorbing polymer rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study by Monte Carlo simulations a model of knotted polymer ring adsorbing onto an impenetrable, attractive wall. The polymer is described by a self-avoiding polygon (SAP) on the cubic lattice. We find that the adsorption transition temperature, the crossover exponent $\\phi$ and the metric exponent $\

B. Marcone; E. Orlandini; A. L. Stella

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

196

Persistent Currents in Normal Metal Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...C) the 793-nm array for T = 323 mK, {theta} = 6°; and (D) the 418-nm ring for 365 mK, {theta} = 45°. In each case, a smooth...using measurements of the PC to search for ultra–low temperature phase transitions (6...

A. C. Bleszynski-Jayich; W. E. Shanks; B. Peaudecerf; E. Ginossar; F. von Oppen; L. Glazman; J. G. E. Harris

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

197

RF SYSTEM FOR THE SNS ACCUMULATOR RING.  

SciTech Connect

During accumulation the RF beam current in the spallation neutron source ring rises from 0 to 50 amperes. A clean, 250 nanosecond gap is needed for the extraction kicker risetime. Large momentum spread and small peak current are needed to prevent instabilities and stopband related losses. A robust RF system meeting these requirements has been designed.

BLASKIEWICZ, M.; BRENNAN, J.M.; BRODOWSKI, J.; DELONG, J.; METH, M.; SMITH, K.; ZALTSMAN, A.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

198

Pore-Water Extraction from Unsaturated Porous Media: Intermediate-Scale Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

As a remedial approach, vacuum-induced pore-water extraction offers the possibility of contaminant and water removal from the vadose zone, which may be beneficial in reducing the flux of vadose zone contaminants to groundwater. Vadose zone water extraction is being considered at the Hanford Site in Washington State as a means to remove technetium-99 contamination from low permeability sediments with relatively high water contents. A series of intermediate-scale laboratory experiments have been conducted to improve the fundamental understanding and limitations of the technique. Column experiments were designed to investigate the relations between imposed suctions, water saturations, and water production. Flow cell experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of high-permeability layers and near-well compaction on pore-water extraction efficiency. Results show that water extraction from unsaturated systems can be achieved in low permeability sediments, provided that the initial water saturations are relatively high. The presence of a high-permeability layer decreased the yield, and compaction near the well screen had a limited effect on overall performance. In all experiments, large pressure gradients were observed near the extraction screen. Minimum requirements for water extraction include an imposed vacuum-induced suction larger than the initial sediment capillary pressure, in combination with a fully saturated seepage-face boundary. A numerical multiphase simulator with a coupled seepage-face boundary conditions was used to simulate the experiments. Reasonable matches were obtained between measured and simulated results for both water extraction and capillary pressures, suggesting that numerical simulations may be used as a design tool for field-scale applications of pore-water extraction.

Oostrom, Martinus; Truex, Michael J.; Wietsma, Thomas W.; Tartakovsky, Guzel D.

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

UNSAT-H Version 1. 0: unsaturated flow code documentation and applications for the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

Waste mangement practices at the Hanford Site have relied havily on near-surface burial. Predicting the future performance of any burial site in terms of the migration of buried contaminants requires a model capable of simulating water flow in the unsaturated soils above the buried waste. The model currently being developed to meet this need is UNSAT-H, which was developed at Pacific Northwest Laboratory for assessing the water dynamics of near-surface waste-disposal sites at the Hanfrod Site. The code will primarily be used to predict deep drainage (i.e., recharge) as a function of environmental conditions such as climate, soil type, and vegetation. UNSAT-H will also simulate various waste-management practices such as placing surface barriers over waste sites. UNSAT-H is a one-dimensional model that simulates the dynamics processes of infiltration, drainage, redistribution, surface evaporation, and uptake of water from soil by plants. UNSAT-H is designed to utilize two auxiliary codes. These codes are DATAINH, which is used to process the input data, and DATAOUT, which is used to process the UNSAT-H output. Operation of the code requires three separate steps. First, the problem to be simulated must be conceptualized in terms of boundary conditions, available data, and soil properties. Next, the data must be correctly formatted for input. Finally, the unput data must be processed, UNSAT-H run, and the output data processed for analysis. This report includes three examples of code use. In the first example, a benchmark test case is run in which the results of UNSAT-H simulations of infiltration are compared with an analytical solution and a numerical solution. The comparisons show excellent agreement for the specific test case, and this agreement provides vertification of the infiltration portion of the UNSAT-H code. The other two examples of code use are a simulation of a layered soil and one of plant transpiration.

Fayer, M.J.; Gee, G.W.; Jones, T.L.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The role of fracture coatings on water imbibition into unsaturated tuff from Yucca Mountain  

SciTech Connect

Studies dealing with fracture flow at Yucca Mountain have generally assumed that any water flowing down in a fracture will be absorbed by the porous matrix. However, a thin lining of low permeability material on the fracture walls may significantly impede imbibition into the matrix of unsaturated tuff. In this research, imbibition was measured across the fracture surfaces in the laboratory. Samples were collected from surface outcrops of Tiva Canyon and Topopah Spring members of the Paintbrush tuff near Yucca Mountain. Sorptivity, a convenient measure of imbibition, was used to investigate the changes in hydraulic properties as a result of fracture coatings. Results from experimental analysis of Topopah Spring tuff showed decreased sorptivity across coated fracture surfaces. Statistically, the coatings on the Tiva Canyon samples do not significantly affect sorptivity. Scanning Electron Microscope analysis shows that coatings on the s grit Tiva Canyon samples are made up of iron, aluminum and to some extent magnesium. Coating material on the Topopah Spring samples is made up of calcium, magnesium, aluminum and iron. Coating significantly reduces the sorptivity for the Topopah Spring tuff. Numerical results are presented to show the effect of fracture coatings on water infiltration down a vertical fracture in simulated tuff. For the Topopah Spring tuff, the wetting front in the coated fracture travels deeper in the fracture and less into the matrix compared to the wetting front in the uncoated fracture. For the Tiva Canyon tuff, the wetting front in the uncoated fracture travels deeper in the fracture and less into the matrix as compared to the wetting front in the coated fracture.

Chekuri, V.S.; Tyler, S.W.; Fordham, J.W.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Morphological characterization of O-rings from the GCEP long-term test program. [Dupont 1141, 3M 4762 and 4768, and Parker V884-75 O-rings  

SciTech Connect

Based on the results of the morphological and structural characterizations reported herein the following conclusions have been reached. (1) O-rings of any of the four materials studied should last at least 10 years when employed in a standard static seal configuration utilizing a groove that holds the O-ring. (2) Such a static seal provides considerable protection from reaction. (3) The reaction of UF/sub 6/ with the O-ring material is the dominant degradation reaction; however there are effects on a least one compound that appear to be related to HF penetration into the O-ring matrix. The slow nature of the reaction of UF/sub 6/ with the flanged O-rings makes life projections quite difficult using any means. It would appear that one of the best methods for determining the life of these materials would be actual use combined with routine long-term inspection/sampling of a selected typical subset of O-rings. At GCEP conditions it would not be surprising to find the actual life of the O-rings is longer than any anticipated operation time of the plant facility. 16 figures, 1 table.

Hughes, M.R.; Nolan, T.A.

1984-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

202

Interaction Region Design for a Ring-Ring LHeC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tively low energy and moderately high intensity provides high luminosity TeV-scale e-p collisions at one of the LHC interaction points, running simultaneously with existing experiments. Two designs are studied; an electron ring situated in the LHC tunnel, and an electron linac. The focus of this paper is on the ring design. Designing an e-p machine presents interesting accelerator physics and design challenges, particularly when considering the interaction region. These include coupled optics, beam separation and unconventional mini-beta focusing schemes. Designs are constrained by an array of interdependent factors, including beam-beam interaction, detector dimensions and acceptance, luminosity and synchrotron radiation. Methods of addressing these complex issues are discussed. The current designs for the LHeC Ring-Ring interaction region and long straight section are presented and discussed, in the context of the project goals and design challenges encountered. Future developments and work are also discusse...

Thompson, L N S; Bernard, N R; Fitterer, M; Holzer, B; Klein, M; Kostka, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Adsorption at Liquid Interfaces Induces Amyloid Fibril Bending and Ring Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protein fibril accumulation at interfaces is an important step in many physiological processes and neurodegenerative diseases as well as in designing materials. Here we show, using $\\beta$-lactoglobulin fibrils as a model, that semiflexible fibrils exposed to a surface do not possess the Gaussian distribution of curvatures characteristic for wormlike chains, but instead exhibit a spontaneous curvature, which can even lead to ring-like conformations. The long-lived presence of such rings is confirmed by atomic force microscopy, cryogenic scanning electron microscopy and passive probe particle tracking at air- and oil-water interfaces. We reason that this spontaneous curvature is governed by structural characteristics on the molecular level and is to be expected when a chiral and polar fibril is placed in an inhomogeneous environment such as an interface. By testing $\\beta$-lactoglobulin fibrils with varying average thicknesses, we conclude that fibril thickness plays a determining role in the propensity to form rings.

Sophia Jordens; Emily E. Riley; Ivan Usov; Lucio Isa; Peter D. Olmsted; Raffaele Mezzenga

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

204

RingCentral User Guide | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

called RingCentral. RingCentral User Guide Responsible Contacts Bruce Murray HR Policy Advisor E-mail bruce.murray@hq.doe.gov Phone 202-586-3372 More Documents & Publications US...

205

Gas insulated transmission line having tapered particle trapping ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-insulated transmission line includes an outer sheath, an inner conductor, insulating supports and an insulating gas. A particle-trapping ring is secured to each insulating support, and it is comprised of a central portion and two tapered end portions. The ends of the particle trapping ring have a smaller diameter than the central portion of the ring, so as to enable the use of the particle trapping ring in a curved transmission line.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Transient injection-locking of an unstable ring dye laser  

SciTech Connect

The transient injection-locking properties of an unstable ring resonator dye laser have been investigated. When a narrow line optical pulse was injected into the ring resonator, the energy emitted from the ring increased and the lasing spectrum narrowed to that of the injected pulse. However, the polarization control of the emitted radiation was incomplete.

Harris, D.G.; Waite, T.R.; Holmes, D.A. (Rockwell International, Rocketdyne Division, Canoga Park, California 91303 (USA))

1990-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

207

Study of CMOS APS Responsivity Enhancement: Ring-Shaped Photodiode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of CMOS APS Responsivity Enhancement: Ring-Shaped Photodiode Tatiana Danov, Igor Shcherback obtained from various ring-shaped pixel photodiodes with different inner radius, implemented in a standard illumination. We show that the photodiodes with a small ring-opening exhibit better sensitivity in the blue

208

Structures with negative index of refraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides simplified negative index materials (NIMs) using wire-pair structures, 4-gap single ring split-ring resonator (SRR), fishnet structures and overleaf capacitor SRR. In the wire-pair arrangement, a pair of short parallel wires and continuous wires are used. In the 4-gap single-ring SRR, the SRRs are centered on the faces of a cubic unit cell combined with a continuous wire type resonator. Combining both elements creates a frequency band where the metamaterial is transparent with simultaneously negative .di-elect cons. and .mu.. In the fishnet structure, a metallic mesh on both sides of the dielectric spacer is used. The overleaf capacitor SRR changes the gap capacities to small plate capacitors by making the sections of the SRR ring overlap at the gaps separated by a thin dielectric film. This technique is applicable to conventional SRR gaps but it best deploys for the 4-gap single-ring structures.

Soukoulis, Costas M. (Ames, IA); Zhou, Jiangfeng (Ames, IA); Koschny, Thomas (Ames, IA); Zhang, Lei (Ames, IA); Tuttle, Gary (Ames, IA)

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

209

M57 Ring Nebulae M57 -The famously named "Ring Nebula" is located in the northern constellation of Lyra, and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M57 ­ Ring Nebulae M57 - The famously named "Ring Nebula" is located in the northern constellation by ultraviolet energy from the central star. _ _ _ _ _ _ Credits: Wikpedia; NASA/SCSTi/AURA #12;

210

A coupled model for ring dynamics, gas flow, and oil flow through the ring grooves in IC engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil flows through ring/groove interface play a critical role in oil transport among different regions the piston ring pack of internal combustion engines. This thesis work is intended to improve the understanding and ...

Jia, Ke, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Understanding Hydrogen in Bayer Process Emissions. 2. Hydrogen Production during the Degradation of Unsaturated Carboxylic Acids in Sodium Hydroxide Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Allan Costine *, Joanne S.C. Loh , and Greg Power ... The stoichiometries of the formation of hydrogen and LMW carboxylates from the unsaturated carboxylates observed here are consistent with the regioselective hydration of the C?C double bond to form the corresponding ?-hydroxycarboxylates, which then undergo further degradation by an ionic mechanism involving base-catalyzed oxidation by water. ... Conditions: temperature = 250 °C, time at temperature = 15 min, [NaOH] = 3.77 M. Legend: Ox = oxalate; For = formate; Ace = acetate; Lac = lactate; But = butanoate; Mal = malonate; Car = carbonate. ...

Allan Costine; Joanne S.C. Loh; Greg Power

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Mass and Lifetime Measurements in Storage Rings  

SciTech Connect

Masses of nuclides covering a large area of the chart of nuclides can be measured in storage rings where many ions circulate at the same time. In this paper the recent progress in the analysis of Schottky mass spectrometry data is presented as well as the technical improvements leading to higher accuracy for isochronous mass measurements with a time-of-flight detector. The high sensitivity of the Schottky method down to single ions allows to measure lifetimes of nuclides by observing mother and daughter nucleus simultaneously. In this way we investigated the decay of bare and H-like 140Pr. As we could show the lifetime can be even shortened compared to those of atomic nuclei despite of a lower number of electrons available for internal conversion or electron capture.All these techniques will be implemented with further improvements at the storage rings of the new FAIR facility at GSI in the future.

Weick, H.; Beckert, K.; Beller, P.; Bosch, F.; Dimopoulou, C.; Kozhuharov, C.; Kurcewicz, J.; Mazzocco, M.; Nociforo, C.; Nolden, F.; Steck, M.; Sun, B.; Winkler, M. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Brandau, C.; Chen, L.; Geissel, H.; Knoebel, R.; Litvinov, S. A.; Litvinov, Yu. A.; Scheidenberger, C. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); II. Phys. Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, 35392 Giessen (Germany)] (and others)

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

213

Sediment resuspension and erosion by vortex rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Particle resuspension and erosion induced by a vortex ringinteracting with a sediment layer was investigated experimentally using flow visualization (particle image velocimetry) high-speed video and a recently developed light attenuation method for measuring displacements in bed level. Near-spherical sediment particles were used throughout with relative densities of 1.2–7 and diameters ( d ) ranging between 90 and 1600 ? ? m . Attention was focused on initially smooth horizontal bedforms with the vortex ring aligned to approach the bed vertically. Interaction characteristics were investigated in terms of the dimensionless Shields parameter defined using the vortex-ring propagation speed. The critical conditions for resuspension (whereby particles are only just resuspended) were determined as a function of particle Reynolds number (based on the particle settling velocity and d ). The effects of viscous damping were found to be significant for d / ? resuspension volumes are analyzed as a function interaction time impact condition and sediment size.

R. J. Munro; N. Bethke; S. B. Dalziel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Monopole-Antimonopole Chains and Vortex Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider static axially symmetric solutions of SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory. The simplest such solutions represent monopoles, multimonopoles and monopole-antimonopole pairs. In general such solutions are characterized by two integers, the winding number m of their polar angle, and the winding number n of their azimuthal angle. For solutions with n=1 and n=2, the Higgs field vanishes at m isolated points along the symmetry axis, which are associated with the locations of m monopoles and antimonopoles of charge n. These solutions represent chains of m monopoles and antimonopoles in static equilibrium. For larger values of n, totally different configurations arise, where the Higgs field vanishes on one or more rings, centered around the symmetry axis. We discuss the properties of such monopole-antimonopole chains and vortex rings, in particular their energies and magnetic dipole moments, and we study the influence of a finite Higgs self-coupling constant on these solutions.

Burkhard Kleihaus; Jutta Kunz; Yasha Shnir

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

215

Dynamical 3-Space: Alternative Explanation of the `Dark Matter Ring'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA has claimed the discovery of a `Ring of Dark Matter' in the galaxy cluster CL 0024+17, see Jee M.J. et al. arXiv:0705.2171, based upon gravitational lensing data. Here we show that the lensing can be given an alternative explanation that does not involve `dark matter'. This explanation comes from the new dynamics of 3-space. This dynamics involves two constant G and alpha - the fine structure constant. This dynamics has explained the bore hole anomaly, spiral galaxy flat rotation speeds, the masses of black holes in spherical galaxies, gravitational light bending and lensing, all without invoking `dark matter', and also the supernova redshift data without the need for `dark energy'.

Reginald T Cahill

2007-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

Interaction between graphene and metamaterials: split rings vs. wire pairs  

SciTech Connect

We have recently shown that graphene is unsuitable to replace metals in the current-carrying elements of metamaterials. At the other hand, experiments have demonstrated that a layer of graphene can modify the optical response of a metal-based metamaterial. Here we study this electromagnetic interaction between metamaterials and graphene. We show that the weak optical response of graphene can be modified dramatically by coupling to the strong resonant fields in metallic structures. A crucial element determining the interaction strength is the orientation of the resonant fields. If the resonant electric field is predominantly parallel to the graphene sheet (e.g., in a complementary split-ring metamaterial), the metamaterial’s resonance can be strongly damped. If the resonant field is predominantly perpendicular to the graphene sheet (e.g., in a wire-pair metamaterial), no significant interaction exists.

Zou, Yanhong; Tassin, Philippe; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

217

Fusion of symmetric $D$-branes and Verlinde rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explain how multiplicative bundle gerbes over a compact, connected and simple Lie group $G$ lead to a certain fusion category of equivariant bundle gerbe modules given by pre-quantizable Hamiltonian $LG$-manifolds arising from Alekseev-Malkin-Meinrenken's quasi-Hamiltonian $G$-spaces. The motivation comes from string theory namely, by generalising the notion of $D$-branes in $G$ to allow subsets of $G$ that are the image of a $G$-valued moment map we can define a `fusion of $D$-branes' and a map to the Verlinde ring of the loop group of $G$ which preserves the product structure. The idea is suggested by the theorem of Freed-Hopkins-Teleman. The case where $G$ is not simply connected is studied carefully in terms of equivariant bundle gerbe modules for multiplicative bundle gerbes.

A. L. Carey; Bai-Ling Wang

2005-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

218

Performance evaluation of bound diamond ring tools  

SciTech Connect

LLNL is collaborating with the Center for Optics Manufacturing (COM) and the American Precision Optics Manufacturers Association (APOMA) to optimize bound diamond ring tools for the spherical generation of high quality optical surfaces. An important element of this work is establishing an experimentally-verified link between tooling properties and workpiece quality indicators such as roughness, subsurface damage and removal rate. In this paper, we report on a standardized methodology for assessing ring tool performance and its preliminary application to a set of commercially-available wheels. Our goals are to (1) assist optics manufacturers (users of the ring tools) in evaluating tools and in assessing their applicability for a given operation, and (2) provide performance feedback to wheel manufacturers to help optimize tooling for the optics industry. Our paper includes measurements of wheel performance for three 2-4 micron diamond bronze-bond wheels that were supplied by different manufacturers to nominally- identical specifications. Preliminary data suggests that the difference in performance levels among the wheels were small.

Piscotty, M.A.; Taylor, J.S.; Blaedel, K.L.

1995-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

219

NuSTORM {\\mu} Ring -- Design and Injection Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design of the NuSTORM muon production beam line and storage ring is discussed. The facility includes a pion production target station with a pion collection horn and transport into a straight section of a storage ring. {\\pi} decay within that straight section provides {\\mu}'s that are stored within the ring for subsequent decay providing precision electron and muon neutrino beams. The ring and transport designs are described and optimized. Genetic Algorithm optimization of the horn and transport into the ring has been performed, providing a significant increase in intensity

Neuffer, David; Bross, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - The Flying Ring!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquid Nitrogen and the Tea Kettle Mystery! Liquid Nitrogen and the Tea Kettle Mystery! Previous Video (Liquid Nitrogen and the Tea Kettle Mystery!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Pewter Bells) Pewter Bells The Flying Ring! A copper ring leaps off an electromagnet when it's turned on. What happens when the ring's resistance is lowered using liquid nitrogen? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: And this is an AC powered electromagnet. And this is a copper ring. When I place the copper ring on the electromagnet and turn it on, the magnet's changing magnetic field will induce an electric current in the copper ring. The current in the ring will then create it's own magnetic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Joining mechanism with stem tension and interlocked compression ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stem (34) extends from a second part (30) through a hole (28) in a first part (22). A groove (38) around the stem provides a non-threaded contact surface (42) for a ring element (44) around the stem. The ring element exerts an inward force against the non-threaded contact surface at an angle that creates axial tension (T) in the stem, pulling the second part against the first part. The ring element is formed of a material that shrinks relative to the stem by sintering. The ring element may include a split collet (44C) that fits partly into the groove, and a compression ring (44E) around the collet. The non-threaded contact surface and a mating distal surface (48) of the ring element may have conic geometries (64). After shrinkage, the ring element is locked onto the stem.

James, Allister W.; Morrison, Jay A.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

222

THE INFLUENCE OF REPOSITORY THERMAL LOAD ON MULTIPHASE FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN THE UNSATURATED ZONE OF YUCCA MOUNTAIN  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the impact of proposed repository thermal-loading on mountain-scale flow and heat transfer in the unsaturated fractured rock of Yucca Mountain, Nevada. In this context, a model has been developed to study the coupled thermal-hydrological (TH) processes at the scale of the entire Yucca Mountain. This mountain-scale TH model implements the current geological framework and hydrogeological conceptual models, and incorporates the latest rock thermal and hydrological properties. The TH model consists of a two-dimensional north-south vertical cross section across the entire unsaturated zone model domain and uses refined meshes near and around the proposed repository block, based on the current repository design, drift layout, thermal loading scenario, and estimated current and future climatic conditions. The model simulations provide insights into thermally affected liquid saturation, gas- and liquid-phase fluxes, and elevated water and rock temperature, which in turn allow modelers to predict the changes in water flux driven by evaporation/condensation processes, and drainage between drifts.

Yu-Shu Wu, Sumit Mukhopadhyay, Keni Zhang, and G. S. Bodvarsson

2006-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

223

A Mountain-Scale Thermal Hydrologic Model for Simulating FluidFlow and Heat Transfer in Unsaturated Fractured Rock  

SciTech Connect

A multidimensional, mountain-scale, thermal-hydrologic (TH) numerical model is presented for investigating unsaturated flow behavior in response to decay heat from the radioactive waste repository in the Yucca Mountain unsaturated zone (UZ), Nevada. The model, consisting of both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) representations of the UZ repository system, is based on the current repository design, drift layout, thermal loading scenario, and estimated current and future climate conditions. This mountain-scale TH model evaluates the coupled TH processes related to mountain-scale UZ flow. It also simulates the impact of radioactive waste heat release on the natural hydrogeological system, including heat-driven processes occurring near and far away from the emplacement tunnels or drifts. The model simulations predict thermally perturbed liquid saturation, gas- and liquid-phase fluxes, and water and rock temperature elevations, as well as the changes in water flux driven by evaporation/condensation processes and drainage between drifts. These simulations provide mountain-scale thermally perturbed flow fields for assessing the repository performance under thermal loading conditions.

Wu, Yu-Shu; Mukhopadhyay, Sumit; Zhang, Keni; Bodvarsson,Gudmundur S.

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

224

Palladium/Me3SiOTf-Catalyzed Bis-silylation of ?,?-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds without Involving Oxidative Addition of Disilane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Palladium/Me3SiOTf-Catalyzed Bis-silylation of ?,?-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds without Involving Oxidative Addition of Disilane ... In the presence of a catalytic amount of Me3SiOTf and palladium(0), the addition of disilane to ?,?-unsaturated carbonyl compounds proceeds under very mild conditions via ?3-siloxyallylpalladium generated by the reaction of enone, enal, or aromatic aldehyde with palladium and Me3SiOTf. ... One is the stoichiometric conjugate addition of silyl anion to enones,1 and the other is the palladium-catalyzed reaction of disilane with enones to give ?-siloxyallylsilane (Scheme 1). ...

Sensuke Ogoshi; Sadayuki Tomiyasu; Masaki Morita; Hideo Kurosawa

2002-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

225

Stereoselective SN2? alkylation reaction sequence of the ?,?-epoxy ?,?-unsaturated ester system via ?,?-chlorohydrin intermediates by the use of a R3Al–CuCN reagent  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel stereoselective SN2? alkylation reaction sequence of the ?,?-epoxy ?,?-unsaturated ester system has been developed which involves a regioselective substitution reaction with chloride ions at the ?-position and a subsequent SN2? alkylation reaction of the resulting ?-chloro-?-hydroxy derivatives with a R3Al–CuCN reagent. The new methodology was demonstrated to be applicable to a variety of substrates and to provide various ?-hydroxy-?-alkyl-?,?-unsaturated esters including those bearing a quaternary asymmetric carbon atom at the ?-position in a highly stereoselective manner and high yields.

Fumihiko Yoshimura; Atsushi Matsui; Atsushi Hirai; Keiji Tanino; Masaaki Miyashita

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Self-seeding ring optical parametric oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical parametric oscillator apparatus utilizing self-seeding with an external nanosecond-duration pump source to generate a seed pulse resulting in increased conversion efficiency. An optical parametric oscillator with a ring configuration are combined with a pump that injection seeds the optical parametric oscillator with a nanosecond duration, mJ pulse in the reverse direction as the main pulse. A retroreflecting means outside the cavity injects the seed pulse back into the cavity in the direction of the main pulse to seed the main pulse, resulting in higher conversion efficiency.

Smith, Arlee V. (Albuquerque, NM); Armstrong, Darrell J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

227

Water mass distribution in cyclonic rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WATER SASS DISTR'-NUT(ON Til Cy'UON I i RL i( S A Thesis NONA M, RTE JANOPAUL Submitted to the Gvsdust CoiieSe of Texas A&N Univetslty Pst'tiel fuifl11meot of the te(N|ltem 1'lt ot the de[ ee of RASTER OP SC1ENCE i)eceml:er 1979 Nv jot Sue... lect: Phy, . ical Ocean Staphy NATRR MASS DTSPRTblJTTON 1N C". CJ. ONTO RTNGS NONA MARIE . TANOPAUL Approved as to style. and content by: (Chairman. of Committee) (Member) I( December 1979 ABS'IRACT Water Mass Distribution in Cyclonic Rings...

Janopaul, Mona Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

228

Approximating Artinian Rings by Gorenstein Rings and 3-Standardness of the Maximal Ideal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

associated to an Artin local ring, called its Gorenstein colength . We study the basic properties and give bounds on this number in this chapter. We extend results due to W. Teter, C.Huneke and A. Vraciu by studying the relation of Gorenstein colength...

Hariharan, Ananthnarayan

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

229

KRONOSEISMOLOGY: USING DENSITY WAVES IN SATURN'S C RING TO PROBE THE PLANET'S INTERIOR  

SciTech Connect

Saturn's C ring contains multiple spiral patterns that appear to be density waves driven by periodic gravitational perturbations. In other parts of Saturn's rings, such waves are generated by Lindblad resonances with Saturn's various moons, but most of the wave-like C-ring features are not situated near any strong resonance with any known moon. Using stellar occultation data obtained by the Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer on board the Cassini spacecraft, we investigate the origin of six unidentified C-ring waves located between 80,900 and 87,200 km from Saturn's center. By measuring differences in the waves' phases among the different occultations, we are able to determine both the number of arms in each spiral pattern and the speeds at which these patterns rotate around the planet. We find that all six of these waves have between two and four arms and pattern speeds between 1660 Degree-Sign day{sup -1} and 1861 Degree-Sign day{sup -1}. These speeds are too large to be attributed to any satellite resonance. Instead, they are comparable to the predicted pattern speeds of waves generated by low-order normal-mode oscillations within the planet. The precise pattern speeds associated with these waves should therefore provide strong constraints on Saturn's internal structure. Furthermore, we identify multiple waves with the same number of arms and very similar pattern speeds, indicating that multiple m = 3 and m = 2 sectoral (l = m) modes may exist within the planet.

Hedman, M. M.; Nicholson, P. D., E-mail: mmhedman@astro.cornell.edu [Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Design Considerations for High Energy Electron -- Positron Storage Rings  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

High energy electron-positron storage rings give a way of making a new attack on the most important problems of elementary particle physics. All of us who have worked in the storage ring field designing, building, or using storage rings know this. The importance of that part of storage ring work concerning tests of quantum electrodynamics and mu meson physics is also generally appreciated by the larger physics community. However, I do not think that most of the physicists working tin the elementary particle physics field realize the importance of the contribution that storage ring experiments can make to our understanding of the strongly interacting particles. I would therefore like to spend the next few minutes discussing the sort of things that one can do with storage rings in the strongly interacting particle field.

Richter, B.

1966-11-00T23:59:59.000Z

231

Circumference Correction Chicanes for Damping Rings P. Emma, T. Raubenheimer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Circumference Correction Chicanes for Circumference Correction Chicanes for Damping Rings P. Emma, T. Raubenheimer August 14,1998 1 Introduction Several large low-emittance damping rings are presently being designed to meet the requirements of future linear colliders. These rings tend to have relatively large circumferences ∼300 m so that they can damp many trains of bunches at the same time. With the large circumference, the path length around the ring may become quite sensitive to thermal and ground motion effects. In addition, most of the rings include damping wigglers whose path length varies with their strength. In e-/e+ storage rings, the beam revolution time is determined by the rf frequency. Thus, a change in the nominal path length will cause a change in both the beam energy and the

232

Annual report on monitoring of the unsaturated zone and recharge areas at INEL to the state of Idaho INEL Oversight Committee  

SciTech Connect

During the early years of the INEL, the USGS conducted extensive studies (sitewide drilling program) of the geology and hydrology of the area collecting varied data over the years. The unsaturated zone has not received much attention until recently. The studies that have been done are a result of problems or concerns arising from liquid radioactive waste disposal. The TRA facility has the most information published about its waste disposal activities. The ICPP has less data about the unsaturated zone due to the fact that most waste water disposal has been to a well. Little is known about the effect of waste water disposal at the NRF on the unsaturated zone. Essentially no information was found about waste disposal activities at other facilities, primarily because there does not appear to be any reported problems associated with waste water disposal at these locations. The RWMC has received much attention in the last few years as the result of being priority No. 1 in the superfund clean up of the INEL. A considerable amount of data are available describing the unsaturated zone at the RWMC. These data have been collected to field calibrate a radionuclide migration model for the RWMC.

King, B.; Bloomsburg, G.; Horn, D.; Liou, J.; Finnie, J.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

233

Annual report on monitoring of the unsaturated zone and recharge areas at INEL to the state of Idaho INEL Oversight Committee  

SciTech Connect

During the early years of the INEL, the USGS conducted extensive studies (sitewide drilling program) of the geology and hydrology of the area collecting varied data over the years. The unsaturated zone has not received much attention until recently. The studies that have been done are a result of problems or concerns arising from liquid radioactive waste disposal. The TRA facility has the most information published about its waste disposal activities. The ICPP has less data about the unsaturated zone due to the fact that most waste water disposal has been to a well. Little is known about the effect of waste water disposal at the NRF on the unsaturated zone. Essentially no information was found about waste disposal activities at other facilities, primarily because there does not appear to be any reported problems associated with waste water disposal at these locations. The RWMC has received much attention in the last few years as the result of being priority No. 1 in the superfund clean up of the INEL. A considerable amount of data are available describing the unsaturated zone at the RWMC. These data have been collected to field calibrate a radionuclide migration model for the RWMC.

King, B.; Bloomsburg, G.; Horn, D.; Liou, J.; Finnie, J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Vibronic spectroscopy of unsaturated transition metal complexes: CrC2H, CrCH3 , and NiCH3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to characterize diatomic transition metal oxides, nitrides, and carbides.8­22 In addition to these pure metallicVibronic spectroscopy of unsaturated transition metal complexes: CrC2H, CrCH3 , and NiCH3 Dale J investigation of small transition metal clusters and organo- metallic radicals is that these species serve

Morse, Michael D.

235

Three-dimensional patchy lattice model: Ring formation and phase separation  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the structural and thermodynamic properties of a model of particles with 2 patches of type A and 10 patches of type B. Particles are placed on the sites of a face centered cubic lattice with the patches oriented along the nearest neighbor directions. The competition between the self-assembly of chains, rings, and networks on the phase diagram is investigated by carrying out a systematic investigation of this class of models, using an extension of Wertheim's theory for associating fluids and Monte Carlo numerical simulations. We varied the ratio r ? ?{sub AB}/?{sub AA} of the interaction between patches A and B, ?{sub AB}, and between A patches, ?{sub AA} (?{sub BB} is set to 0) as well as the relative position of the A patches, i.e., the angle ? between the (lattice) directions of the A patches. We found that both r and ? (60°, 90°, or 120°) have a profound effect on the phase diagram. In the empty fluid regime (r < 1/2) the phase diagram is reentrant with a closed miscibility loop. The region around the lower critical point exhibits unusual structural and thermodynamic behavior determined by the presence of relatively short rings. The agreement between the results of theory and simulation is excellent for ? = 120° but deteriorates as ? decreases, revealing the need for new theoretical approaches to describe the structure and thermodynamics of systems dominated by small rings.

Tavares, J. M. [Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal and Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1, P-1950-062 Lisbon (Portugal)] [Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal and Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro 1, P-1950-062 Lisbon (Portugal); Almarza, N. G. [Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)] [Instituto de Química Física Rocasolano, CSIC, Serrano 119, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Telo da Gama, M. M. [Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal and Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, P-1749-016 Lisbon (Portugal)] [Centro de Física Teórica e Computacional, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Professor Gama Pinto 2, P-1649-003 Lisbon, Portugal and Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, P-1749-016 Lisbon (Portugal)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

236

MUON STORAGE RINGS FOR 6D PHASE SPACE COOLING.  

SciTech Connect

We describe several storage ring designs for reducing the 6-dimensional phase space of circulating muon beams. These rings utilize quadrupole and dipole magnets as well as wedge-shaped, liquid-hydrogen, energy-loss absorbers and energy compensating rf cavities. We obtain evaluations of their cooling performance by particle tracking simulation. Such rings are potentially useful for future Neutrino Factories or Muon Colliders as well as for existing facilities in which cooled, intense muon beams could enhance their physics programs.

KIRK,H.CLINE,D.FUKUI,Y.GARREN,A.

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

237

Excitation energy dependence of the exciton inner ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the excitation energy dependence of the inner ring in the exciton emission pattern. The contrast of the inner ring is found to decrease with lowering excitation energy. Excitation by light tuned to the direct exciton resonance is found to effectively suppress excitation-induced heating of indirect excitons and facilitate the realization of a cold and dense exciton gas. The excitation energy dependence of the inner ring is explained in terms of exciton transport and cooling.

Y. Y. Kuznetsova, J. R. Leonard, L. V. Butov, J. Wilkes, E. A. Muljarov, K. L. Campman, and A. C. Gossard

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

238

A Compact Ring Design with Tunable Momentum Compaction  

SciTech Connect

A storage ring with tunable momentum compaction has the advantage in achieving different RMS bunch length with similar RF capacity, which is potentially useful for many applications, such as linear collider damping ring and predamping ring where injected beam has a large energy spread and a large transverse emittance. A tunable bunch length also makes the commissioning and fine tuning easier in manipulating the single bunch instabilities. In this paper, a compact ring design based on a supercell is presented, which achieves a tunable momentum compaction while maintaining a large dynamic aperture.

Sun, Y.; /SLAC; ,

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

239

Electronically tunable active antenna using microstrip annular ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&M University Chair oi' Advisory Committee: Dr. Kai Chang The use of the annular ring antenna as an active antenna. element was investi- gated. A circuit model of the antenna derived by considering the annular ring antenna, as s, radial transmission line... antenna. 13 16 10 The annular ring antenna, modeled as radial transmission lines snd load admit tances. 19 11 The complete circuit model of the annular ring antenna. 22 12 Flow chart of the input impedance program. . 13 Input impedance of the TMrz...

Miller, Richard Earl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

Power Series Over Noetherian Rings May 10, 2010 William Heinzer ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 10, 2010 ... ian rings and of the induced spectral maps associated with various ..... R1. [81, pages 112-118], the proof of the Noetherian property took.

1911-00-51T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Formation Mechanism and Low-Temperature Instability of Exciton Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The macroscopic rings observed in the photoluminescence patterns of excitons in coupled quantum wells are explained by a mechanism of carrier imbalance, transport, and recombination. The rings originate from the spatial separation of p and n carriers, and occur at the interface of the p and n domains, where excitons are generated. We explore the states of excitons in the ring over a range of temperatures down to 380???mK and report a transition of the ring into a periodic array of aggregates, a new low-temperature ordered exciton state.

L. V. Butov, L. S. Levitov, A. V. Mintsev, B. D. Simons, A. C. Gossard, and D. S. Chemla

2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

242

UAL-BASED SIMULATION ENVIRONMENT FOR SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE RING.  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines the major activities and applications of the Unified Accelerator Library environment for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Ring.

MALITSKY,N.; SMITH,J.; WEI,J.

1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

243

A study of the microstrip ring resonator and its applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Continued) CHAPTER F. Effects of the Package Parasitics on the Resonant Frequency G. Experimental Results H. Double Varactor Ring Resonator Page 76 83 88 V PIN DIODES IN A RING RESONATOR AS A SWITCH/FILTER 92 A, PIN Diode Equivalent Circuit B... function of gap sise for the ring resonator in Fig. 19 and Fig. 21. . A varactor tuned ring resonator. C-V traces for the (a) forward and (b) reverse biased varactor diode. . Diagram of a varactor package cross-section. Equivalent circuit of a...

Martin, Tracy Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

244

Detection of an optical filament in the Monogem Ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Monogem Ring is a huge bright soft X-ray enhancement with a diameter of ~ 25$\\degr$. This 0.3 kpc distant structure is a peculiar Galactic supernova remnant in that it is obviously visible only in X-rays, due to its expansion into a region of extremely low ambient density: hence, practically no optical emission or a neutral HI shell was expected to be detectable. - Here we report on the discovery of a very faint arc-like nebula on a POSS II R film copy, at the south-eastern borders of the MR. Spectroscopy revealed this filament to have a very large [SII]$\\lambda$ 6716+6731/Halpha ratio of up to ~ 1.8, indicating shock excitation, and a low density of N_e thin (~ 1 arcmin), structured filament, stretching N-S. We believe that this filament belongs to the MR and became visible due to the interaction of the expanding remnant with a mild density increase in the interstellar medium. Only one other possible optical filament of the MR has been reported in the literature, but no spectrum was provided.

R. Weinberger; S. Temporin; B. Stecklum

2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

245

An infrared spectroscopy study of carbon monoxide adsorption on. alpha. -chromia surfaces: Probing oxidation states of coordinatively unsaturated surface cations  

SciTech Connect

CO adsorption on thermoevacuated, H{sub 2}-reduced and O{sub 2}-treated {alpha}-chromia surfaces was studied by IR spectroscopy in the temperature range 77-298 K. Coordinatively unsaturated (cus) Cr{sup 3+} cation sites, probably in 3-coordinate and to a much lesser extent 5-coordinate states, are the adsorption sites on H{sub 2}-reduced {alpha}-Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The surface containing excess oxygen also exposes cus Cr{sup 4+} and Cr{sup 5+} sites. An empirical procedure is described which permits the determination of oxidation state and coordination number of the cus surface sites. This procedure is based on a correlation between C-O stretching frequency and electric field strength exerted by the cation. The latter is calculated from Pauling's strength of the electrostatic bond and effective ionic radii, both of which take the cation coordination into account.

Zaki, M.I.; Knoezinger, H. (Universitaet Muenchen (West Germany))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

CONSTRUCTION HISTORY OF THE ROCKY MOUNT HISTORIC SITE (40SL386), PINEY FLATS, TENNESSEE FROM TREE-RING AND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CONSTRUCTION HISTORY OF THE ROCKY MOUNT HISTORIC SITE (40SL386), PINEY FLATS, TENNESSEE FROM TREE-RING AND DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE Henri D. Grissino-Mayer, Lisa B. LaForest, and Saskia L. van de Gevel The Rocky Mount Historic Site (40SL386) in Piney Flats, Tennessee, houses structures that many believe date to the founding

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

247

Quantum codes over Finite Frobenius Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polynomial rX i=1 aiX r i where ai 2 Z=(p n). Let = exp(2 i=pn) then, (a) = a is a generating character. 2. Inner product Symplectic inner product Let (ajb) and (a 0 jb 0 ) denote two codewords in the code C. Then the symplectic inner product... of the two vectors is de ned as (b:a 0 b 0 :a). If C is the code then its dual C? is de ned as C? = f(ajb)j (b:a0 b0:a) = 1forall(a0jb0) 2 Cg Lemma 1 Let be a character of a nite frobenius ring R. Then is a right generating character if and only...

Sarma, Anurupa

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

248

Introductory statistical mechanics for electron storage rings  

SciTech Connect

These lectures introduce the beam dynamics of electron-positron storage rings with particular emphasis on the effects due to synchrotron radiation. They differ from most other introductions in their systematic use of the physical principles and mathematical techniques of the non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of fluctuating dynamical systems. A self-contained exposition of the necessary topics from this field is included. Throughout the development, a Hamiltonian description of the effects of the externally applied fields is maintained in order to preserve the links with other lectures on beam dynamics and to show clearly the extent to which electron dynamics in non-Hamiltonian. The statistical mechanical framework is extended to a discussion of the conceptual foundations of the treatment of collective effects through the Vlasov equation.

Jowett, J.M.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Near-rings of group mappings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

)[ = m we have A f(v ) 1 1 1 1 f(v ) and m is minimal with this property. On the other hand f(v ) = f(Av ) = A f(v ) =AA f(v ) = A f(v), which implies r=O. 1 1 1 1 1 Conversely, suppose m divides n and choose v 6 6 , v 6 8 Define f:G ~ G by f(0) = 0..., f(A v ) = A v , j = 1, 2, . . . , n and f(v) = 0 otherwise. Since m divides n, f is well defined, and clearly f E C(A). Let H be an additive subgroup of the near-ring N. We say H is N-invariant if NH c H and HN c H. Lemma 1. 2: [5] Let H be a C...

Galli, John C

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

250

ESTR -Energy Saving Token Ring Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESTR - Energy Saving Token Ring Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks Faruk Bagci, Theo Ungerer a long lifetime of the sensor network and the application it is important to save energy. A sensor node control (MAC) protocol for wireless sensor networks, called Energy Saving Token Ring Protocol (ESTR). ESTR

Ungerer, Theo

251

Free-energy minima for helium in a ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bloch has suggested that minima in the free energy as a function of angular momentum are responsible for the superfluidity of He4 in a ring. It is shown in this paper that at finite temperatures, the critical velocity is much too small, and hence minima in the free energy are not the cause of superfluidity in a ring.

F. A. Blood; Jr.

1974-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Updating the Tyrol tree-ring dataset , U. Bntgen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Updating the Tyrol tree-ring dataset J. Esper1 , U. Büntgen1 , D. Frank1 , T. Pichler2 , K in palaeoclimatology The Tyrol dataset is a collection of 71 Picea abies ring width measurement series from the study area in Tyrol in the central Alps. We here describe efforts of updating this relevant dataset

Nicolussi, Kurt

253

Drop Tests of the Closure Ring for the 9975 Package  

SciTech Connect

The drop tests of the closure ring for 9975 packages, described here, were performed to answer questions raised by the regulatory authority as a result of deformation of the closure ring and drum rim observed during drop tests conducted in September 1998.

Smith, A.C

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

254

Magnetic properties of small multi-layered rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin film rings can be an alternative geometry of magnetic memory cells, in which data bits are stored by the chirality of the flux-closed or 'vortex' state of the ring. The absence of the stray field in the vortex state ...

Jung, Wonjoon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Design and Evaluation of Hierarchical Rings with Deflection Routing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that enable us to mostly maintain the simplicity of traditional simple ring topologies while providing higher of several MUXes to allow traffic to enter and leave, and one pipeline register. Its latency is typically and commercial multicore processors have utilized ring

Mutlu, Onur

256

Recent Progress at the Photon Factory Storage Ring  

SciTech Connect

The present status of the Photon Factory storage ring (PF ring) at High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), including recent progress for the machine developments, is reported. Due to the establishment of the simultaneous injection to the three rings (PF, HER, LER) from the KEK injector linac since April 2009, the PF ring currently operates almost all the time in a top-up mode available to users at a stored current of 450 mA in multi-bunch mode, and at a stored current of 51 mA in single-bunch mode, except the time while the KEK linac injection to the PF-AR twice daily. The third in-vacuum short gap undulator was installed at PF ring in September 2009.

Miyauchi, Hiroshi [Photon Factory, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, KEK, Oho, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

257

Drop Simulation of 6M Drum with Locking-Ring Closure and Liquid Contents  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the dynamic simulation of the 6M drum with a locking-ring type closure subjected to a 4.9-foot drop. The drum is filled with water to 98 percent of overflow capacity. A three dimensional finite-element model consisting of metallic, liquid and rubber gasket components is used in the simulation. The water is represented by a hydrodynamic material model in which the material's volume strength is determined by an equation of state. The explicit numerical method based on the theory of wave propagation is used to determine the combined structural response to the torque load for tightening the locking-ring closure and to the impact load due to the drop.

Wu, T

2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

258

PERFORMANCE TESTING OF SPRING ENERGIZED C-RINGS FOR USE IN RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGINGS CONTAINING TRITIUM  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the sealing performance testing and results of silver-plated inconel Spring Energized C-Rings used for tritium containment in radioactive shipping packagings. The test methodology used follows requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) summarized in ASME Pressure Vessel Code (B&PVC), Section V, Article 10, Appendix IX (Helium Mass Spectrometer Test - Hood Technique) and recommendations by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) described in ANSI N14.5-1997. The tests parameters bound the predicted structural and thermal responses from conditions defined in the Code of Federal Regulations 10 CFR 71. The testing includes an evaluation of the effects of pressure, temperature, flange deflection, surface roughness, permeation, closure torque, torque sequencing and re-use on performance of metal C-Ring seals.

Blanton, P; Kurt Eberl, K

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

259

Star clusters in a nuclear star-forming ring: The disappearing string of pearls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of the star cluster population in a low-luminosity early type galaxy, NGC 2328, is presented. The clusters are found in a tight star-forming nuclear spiral/ring pattern and we also identify a bar from structural 2D decomposition. These massive clusters are forming very efficiently in the circum-nuclear environment, they are young, possibly all less than 30 Myr of age. The clusters indicate an azimuthal age gradient, consistent with a "pearls-on-a-string" formation scenario suggesting bar driven gas inflow. The cluster mass function has a robust down-turn at low masses at all age bins. Assuming clusters are born with a power-law distribution, this indicates extremely rapid disruption at time-scales of just several Myr. If found to be typical, it means that clusters born in dense circum-nuclear rings do not survive to become old globular clusters in non-interacting systems.

Vaisanen, Petri; Randriamanakoto, Zara

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Self-generation of dissipative solitons in magnonic quasicrystal active ring resonator  

SciTech Connect

Self-generation of dissipative solitons in the magnonic quasicrystal (MQC) active ring resonator is studied theoretically and experimentally. The developed magnonic crystal has quasiperiodic Fibonacci type structure. Frequency selectivity of the MQC together with the parametric three-wave decay of magnetostatic surface spin wave (MSSW) leads to the dissipative soliton self-generation. The transfer matrix method is used to describe MQC transmission responses. Besides, the model of MQC active ring resonator is suggested. The model includes three coupled differential equations describing the parametric decay of MSSW and two differential equations of linear oscillators describing the frequency selectivity of MQC. Numerical simulation results of dissipative soliton self-generation are in a fair agreement with experimental data.

Grishin, S. V., E-mail: grishfam@sgu.ru; Beginin, E. N.; Morozova, M. A.; Sharaevskii, Yu. P. [Laboratory “Metamaterials,” Saratov State University, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation); Nikitov, S. A. [Laboratory “Metamaterials,” Saratov State University, Saratov 410012 (Russian Federation); Kotel'nikov Institute of Radioengineering and Electronics, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow 125009 (Russian Federation)

2014-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Comparison of unsaturated flow and solute transport through waste rock at two experimental scales using temporal moments and numerical modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study analyzed and compared unsaturated flow response and tracer breakthrough curves from a 10-m high constructed pile experiment (CPE) in the field (Antamina, Peru) and two 0.8 m high laboratory-based columns. Similar materials were used at both experimental scales, with the exception of a narrower grain size distribution range for the smaller column tests. Observed results indicate flow and solute transport regimes between experimental scales were comparable, dominated by flow and solute migration through granular matrix materials. These results are supported by: analogous breakthrough curves (normalized to cross-sectional area and flow path length) that suggest observation- or smaller- scale heterogeneities within the porous media have been homogenized or smoothed at the transport-scale, long breakthrough tails, and similar recovered tracer mass fractions (i.e., 0.72 – 0.80) at the end of the experiment. CPE breakthrough curves do indicate a portion of the fluid flow follows rapid flow paths (open void or film flow); however, this portion accounts for a minor (i.e., ~ 0.1%) component of the overall flow and transport regime. Flow-corrected temporal moment analysis was used to estimate flow and transport parameter values, however large temporal variations in flow indicate this method is better suited for conceptualizing transport regimes. In addition, a dual-porosity mobile-immobile (MIM), rate-limited mass-transfer approach was able to simulate tracer breakthrough and the dominant transport regimes from both scales. Dispersivity values used in model simulations reflect a scale-dependency, whereby column values were approximately 2x smaller than those values applied in CPE simulations. The mass-transfer coefficient, for solute transport between mobile and immobile regions, was considered as a model calibration factor. Column experiments are characterized by a larger ‘mobile to immobile’ porosity ratio and a shorter experimental duration and flow path, which supports larger mass-transfer coefficient values (relative to the CPE). These results demonstrate that laboratory-based experiments may be able to mimic flow regimes observed in the field; however, the requirement of scale-dependent dispersivities and in particular mass-transfer coefficients indicates these tests may be more limited in understanding larger-scale solute transport between regions of different mobility. Nevertheless, the results of this study suggest that the reasonably simplistic modeling approaches utilized in this study may be applied at other field sites to estimate parameters and conceptualize dominant transport processes through highly heterogeneous, unsaturated material.

Sharon Blackmore; Leslie Smith; K. Ulrich Mayer; Roger D. Beckie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

VISCOSITY IN PLANETARY RINGS WITH SPINNING SELF-GRAVITATING PARTICLES  

SciTech Connect

Using local N-body simulation, we examine viscosity in self-gravitating planetary rings. We investigate the dependence of viscosity on various parameters in detail, including the effects of particle surface friction. In the case of self-gravitating rings with low optical depth, viscosity is determined by particle random velocity. Inclusion of surface friction slightly reduces both random velocity and viscosity when particle random velocity is determined by inelastic collisions, while surface friction slightly increases viscosity when gravitational encounters play a major role in particle velocity evolution, so that viscous heating balances with increased energy dissipation at collisions due to surface friction. We find that including surface friction changes viscosity in dilute rings up to a factor of about two. In the case of self-gravitating dense rings, viscosity is significantly increased due to the effects of gravitational wakes, and we find that varying restitution coefficients also change viscosity in such dense rings by a factor of about two. We confirm that our numerical results for viscosity in dense rings with gravitational wakes can be well approximated by a semianalytic expression that is consistent with a previously obtained formula. However, we find that this formula seems to overestimate viscosity in dense rings far from the central planet, where temporary gravitational aggregates form. We derive semianalytic expressions that reproduce our numerical results well for the entire range of examined parameters.

Yasui, Yuki; Ohtsuki, Keiji [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Daisaka, Hiroshi [Graduate School of Commerce and Management, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo 186-8601 (Japan)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

263

Unsaturated flow modeling in performance assessments for the Yucca Mountain disposal system for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper summarizes the progression of modeling efforts of infiltration, percolation, and seepage conducted between 1984 and 2008 to evaluate feasibility, viability, and assess compliance of a repository in the unsaturated zone for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Scientific understanding of infiltration in a desert environment, unsaturated percolation flux in fractures and matrix of the volcanic tuff, and seepage into an open drift in a thermally perturbed environment was initially lacking in 1984. As understanding of the Yucca Mountain disposal system increased through site characterization and in situ testing, modeling of infiltration, percolation, and seepage evolved from simple assumptions in a single model in 1984 to three modeling modules each based on several detailed process models in 2008. Uncertainty in percolation flux through Yucca Mountain was usually important in explaining the observed uncertainty in performance measures:cumulative release in assessments prior to 1995 and individual dose, thereafter.

Rob P. Rechard; Jens T. Birkholzer; Yu-Shu Wu; Joshua S. Stein; James E. Houseworth

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Coherence theory of the ring laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Expressions for the fluctuations and correlations of the light emitted by a ring laser with counter-rotating traveling wave modes are derived theoretically. It is shown that the competition of the two modes for the excited atomic population leads to negative correlations between their intensity fluctuations, whose magnitude depends on the detuning of the laser cavity from the atomic line center. As a result of the mode competition, the relative intensity fluctuations do not die out in general as the working point of the laser is raised above threshold at line center, and the emitted light does not become fully coherent as in a conventional laser. The two-time amplitude and intensity correlation functions of the light are calculated at line center, and are shown to be expressible in terms of the eigenfunctions and eigenvalues of a certain Schrödinger equation, in complete analogy with the theory of the single-mode laser. However, the intensity correlation time increases with pump parameter above threshold, unlike that for the single-mode laser.

M. M- Tehrani and L. Mandel

1978-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone Transport Test: Fiscal Year 1998 Status Report Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Program Deliverable SPU85M4  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the status of the Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone Transport Test (UZTT) and documents the progress of construction activities and site and laboratory characterization activities undertaken in fiscal year 1998. Also presented are predictive flow-and-transport simulations for Test Phases 1 and 2 of testing and the preliminary results and status of these test phases. Future anticipated results obtained from unsaturated-zone (UZ) transport testing in the Calico Hills Formation at Busted Butte are also discussed in view of their importance to performance assessment (PA) needs to build confidence in and reduce the uncertainty of site-scale flow-and-transport models and their abstractions for performance for license application. The principal objectives of the test are to address uncertainties associated with flow and transport in the UZ site-process models for Yucca Mountain, as identified by the PA working group in February 1997. These include but are not restricted to: (1) The effect of heterogeneities on flow and transport in unsaturated and partially saturated conditions in the Calico Hills Formation. In particular, the test aims to address issues relevant to fracture-matrix interactions and permeability contrast boundaries; (2) The migration behavior of colloids in fractured and unfractured Calico Hills rocks; (3) The validation through field testing of laboratory sorption experiments in unsaturated Calico Hills rocks; (4) The evaluation of the 3-D site-scale flow-and-transport process model (i.e., equivalent-continuum/dual-permeability/discrete-fracture-fault representations of flow and transport) used in the PA abstractions for license application; and (5) The effect of scaling from lab scale to field scale and site scale.

Bussod, G.Y.; Turin, H.J.; Lowry, W.E.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

E-Print Network 3.0 - adult baltic ringed Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

baltic ringed Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings No. 111 Climate Change in Summary: , Finland. Baltic ringed seal pup in collapsed nest. ISSN...

267

Metallic nanoparticle on micro ring resonator for bio optical detection and sensing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have numerically investigated the unique effects of metallic nanoparticle on the ring resonator, especially multiple Au nanoparticles on the micro ring resonator with the 4-port...

Haddadpour, Ali; Yi, Yasha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated vortex ring Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

left behind... forces were derived from the vortex rings, assuming all propulsive energy to be compiled in the rings... , ending up in a separate vortex ... Source:...

269

Trivial extensions of local rings and a conjecture of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This paper partly settles a conjecture of Costa on (n,d)-rings, i.e., rings in which n-presented modules have projective dimension at most d. For this purpose, a theorem studies the transfer of the (n,d)-property to trivial extensions of local rings by their residue fields. It concludes with a brief discussion-backed by original examples- of the scopes and limits of our results. This project has been funded by King Fahd University of Petroleum & minerals under

S. Kabbaj; N. Mahdou

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Geodesic Motion in the (Charged) Doubly Spinning Black Ring Spacetime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we analyze the geodesics of test particles and light in the five dimensional (charged) doubly spinning black ring spacetime. Apparently it is not possible to separate the Hamilton-Jacobi-equation for (charged) doubly spinning black rings in general, so we concentrate on special cases: null geodesics in the ergosphere and geodesics on the two rotational axes of the (charged) doubly spinning black ring. We present analytical solutions to the geodesic equations for these special cases. Using effective potential techniques we study the motion of test particles and light and discuss the corresponding orbits.

Saskia Grunau; Valeria Kagramanova; Jutta Kunz

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

271

Buckling behaviour of ring-stiffned cylinders; experimental study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of the number and size of rings on the buckling strength of ring-stiffened cylinders is studied experimentally. The results of ten machined ring-stiffened cylinders subjected to lateral pressure are presented. Five of the cylinders failed by the general instability mode and the rest failed by the shell instability mode. A sample of the experimental results which shows longitudinal and circumferential strains as well as the development of the circularity contours till collapse is presented. Buckling pressures obtained from the experiments are shown to be within ±30% of the corresponding value obtained from the theoretical analysis available in the literature.

S.S. Seleim; J. Roorda

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Storage rings for investigation of ion-atom collisions  

SciTech Connect

In this survey, we give a brief description of synchrotron storage rings for heavy ions, and examples for their use in ion-atom collision physics. The compression of the phase space distribution of the ions by electron cooling, and the gain factors of in-ring experiments compared to single-pass experiments are explained. Some examples of a new generation of ion-atom collision experiments which may become feasible with storage rings are given. These include the studies of angular differential single- and double-electron capture cross sections, the production of slow highly charged recoil ions, and atomic collision processes using decelerated and crossed beam. 30 refs.

Schuch, R.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Dynamic apeerture in damping rings with realistic wigglers  

SciTech Connect

The International Linear Collider based on superconducting RF cavities requires the damping rings to have extremely small equilibrium emittance, huge circumference, fast damping time, and large acceptance. To achieve all of these requirements is a very challenging task. In this paper, we will present a systematic approach to designing the damping rings using simple cells and non-interlaced sextupoles. The designs of the damping rings with various circumferences and shapes, including dogbone, are presented. To model realistic wigglers, we have developed a new hybrid symplectic integrator for faster and accurate evaluation of dynamic aperture of the lattices.

Cai, Yunhai; /SLAC

2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

274

PROGRESS IN DESIGNING A MUON COOLING RING WITH LITHIUM LENSES.  

SciTech Connect

We discuss particle tracking simulations in a storage ring with lithium lens inserts designed for the six-dimensional phase space cooling of muons by the ionization cooling. The ring design contains one or more lithium lens absorbers for transverse cooling that transmit the beam with very small beta-function values, in addition to liquid-hydrogen wedge-shaped absorbers in dispersive locations for longitudinal cooling. Such a ring could comprise the final component of a cooling system for use in a muon collider. The beam matching between dipole-quadrupole lattices and the lithium lenses is of particular interest.

FUKUI,Y.CLINE,D.B.GARREN,A.A.KIRK,H.G.

2004-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

275

Tests of a grazing-incidence ring resonator free-electron laser  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the Boeing free-electron laser (FEL) optical cavity that has been changed from a simple concentric cavity using two spherical mirrors to a larger grazing-incidence ring resonator. The new resonator consists of two mirror telescopes located at each end of the wiggler with a round-trip path length of approximately 133 m. Each telescope is a grazing-incidence hyperboloid followed by a normal-incidence paraboloid. Initial tests showed that poorly positioned ring focus and unreliable pointing alignment resulted in reduced and structured FEL output. (First lasing operation occurred on March 23 and 24, 1990.) Later efforts concentrated on improving the resonator alignment techniques and lowering the single-pass losses. FEL performance and reliability have significantly improved due to better ring alignment. The alignment procedure and recent lasing results are described. The effect the electron beam has on lasing is also discussed. Measurements are presented showing how FEL temporal output and wavelength are sensitive to electron beam energy variations.

Dowell, D.H.; Laucks, M.L.; Lowrey, A.R.; Adamski, J.L.; Pistoresi, D.J.; Shoffstall, D.R. (Boeing Aerospace and Electronics, Seattle, WA (US)); Bentz, M.P.; Burns, R.H.; Guha, J.; Sun, K.; Tomita, W. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.); Lumpkin, A.H.; Bender, S.; Byrd, D.; Tokar, R.L. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Particle resuspension by an impacting vortex ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coherent vortex structures play a significant and important role in the dynamics of many commonly occurring natural flows, for example turbulent boundary layers and channel flows. One particularly important fe...

Rick J. Munro; Stuart B. Dalziel

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Crystal structure of guggulsterone Z  

SciTech Connect

The crystal structure of the title compound (4,17(20)-trans-pregnadiene-3,16-dione, C{sub 21}H{sub 28}O{sub 2}) has been determined by direct methods using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The compound crystallizes into the orthorhombic space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} with the unit cell parameters a = 7.908(2) A, b = 13.611(3) A, c = 16.309(4) A, and Z = 4. The structure has been refined to R = 0.058 for 3667 observed reflections. The bond distances and angles are in good agreement with guggulsterone E and other related steroid molecules. Ring A exists in the distorted sofa conformation, while rings B and C adopt the distorted chair conformation. Five-membered ring D is intermediate between the half-chair and envelope conformations. The A/B ring junction is quasi-trans, while ring systems B/C and C/D are trans fused about the C(8)-C(9) and C(13)-C(14) bonds, respectively. The steroid nucleus has a small twist, as shown by the C(19)-C(10)...C(13)-C(18) pseudo-torsion angle of 7.2{sup o}. The crystal structure is stabilized by intra-and intermolecular C-H...O hydrogen bonds.

Gupta, V. K., E-mail: vivek_gupta2k2@hotmail.com; Bandhoria, P. [University of Jammu, Post Graduate Department of Physics (India); Gupta, B. D.; Gupta, K. K. [Regional Research Laboratory (India)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ring Cycle for Dilating and Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore Ring Cycle for Dilating and Constricting the Nuclear Pore Print Thursday, 13 June 2013 09:30 Pictured is an illustration of several nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) embedded in a cell nucleus. NPCs act as gatekeepers between a cell's cytoplasm and its nucleus. Based on crystallographic analyses, Sozanne R. Solmaz et al. uncover the molecular mechanism that underlies the large changes in diameter of NPCs and suggest a "ring cycle" mechanism for dilating and constricting the central NPC channel. The model could explain the ability of NPCs to accommodate transport substrates of a large size range and rapidly adjust to cellular transport needs. Read the full article. (Image courtesy of Sozanne R. Solmaz, Günter Blobel, and Ivo Melčák.)

279

Frequency stabilization for a 486nm dye-ring laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For my thesis, I worked towards using two reference cavities to provide frequency stabilization to a 486nm dye-ring laser. After a doubling cavity doubles the frequency to 243nm, the laser beam is used to excite ground ...

Sievers, Charles A. (Charles Anders), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Use of gradient magnets in low emittance electron storage rings  

SciTech Connect

The use of gradient magnets for a low emittance electron storage ring is discussed and a magnetic lattice for a 6 GeV electron energy synchrotron radiation source adopting this feature is presented.

Vignola, G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Collective effects in a diffraction-limited storage ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An overview of beam collective effects in diffraction-limited storage rings is given. The relation of a very low emittance machine and its stored beam to the former is described.

Nagaoka, R.

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

282

Graphene Layer Growth Chemistry: Five-Six-Ring Flip Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are incorporated into growing graphene layers and hence willGRAPHENE LAYER GROWTH CHEMISTRY: FIVE-SIX-RING FLIP REACTIONon the zigzag edge of a graphene layer. A new reaction

Whitesides, R.; Domin, D.; Salomon-Ferrer, R.; Lester Jr., W.A.; Frenklach, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan University jay.wood@wmich.edu AMS meeting, Lexington, Kentucky March 27, 2010 #12;Acknowledgments Much

Wood, Jay

284

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan-modules; 3. R = R as right R-modules. Due independently to Hirano, 1997, and Wood, 1999. JW (WMU) Frobenius

Wood, Jay

285

Landfill liner interface strengths from torsional-ring-shear tests  

SciTech Connect

A torsional-ring-shear apparatus and test procedure are described for measuring soil/geosynthetic and geosynthetic/geosynthetic interface strengths. Typical interface strengths are presented for a double-composite liner system and the relevancy of ring-shear strengths is illustrated using the slope failure at the Kettleman Hills Waste Repository, Kettleman City, Calif. The results of undrained ring-shear tests show that for a clay/geomembrane interface: (1) interface strength depends on plasticity and compaction water content of the clay, and the applied normal stress; (2) interface strengths measured with the torsional-ring-shear apparatus are in excellent agreement with back-calculated field strengths; and (3) peak and residual interface failure envelopes are nonlinear, and the nonlinearity should be modeled in stability analyses instead of as a combination of cohesion and friction angle. Design recommendations for interface strengths and stability analyses are also presented.

Stark, T.D. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)); Poeppel, A.R. (Langan Engineering Associates, Inc., New York, NY (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Photoswitchable Molecular Rings for Solar-Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photoswitchable Molecular Rings for Solar-Thermal Energy Storage ... Ground-state energy barriers along the NN torsional coordinates were also computed, along with excitation energies and intensities for the species that can contribute to the photostationary state. ...

E. Durgun; Jeffrey C. Grossman

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

287

Fermilab Muon Ring Arrives to a Large Crowd of Fans  

SciTech Connect

A very large group of people gathered to watch the muon g-2 ring on its last leg of the big move from Brookhaven National Laboratory in Long Island, NY to Fermilab in Batavia, IL.

None

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Power Series Over Noetherian Rings February 4, 2013 William ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feb 4, 2013 ... ian rings and of the induced spectral maps associated with various ...... algebraic independence of ?1 over R, we have ht( ?P ?R1) = 1, and so ...

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

289

A Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Shallow...

290

Coherence and destruction of coherence in mesoscopic rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent investigations have shown that an important contribution to the magnetic response of an ensemble of mesoscopic normal metal rings at low temperatures is given by the coherent backscattering familiar fro...

Ulrich Eckern

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Injection and Extraction Lines for the ILC Damping Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INJECTION AND EXTRACTION LINES FOR THE ILC DAMPING RINGS ?the injection and extraction lines into and out of the ILCas the design for the abort line. Due to changes of the geo-

Reichel, Ina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

TIGHT CLOSURE IN GRADED RINGS Karen E. Smith \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TIGHT CLOSURE IN GRADED RINGS Karen E. Smith \\Lambda Abstract. This paper facilitates is supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation. Typeset by A M S­T E X 1 #12; 2 KAREN E. SMITH \\Lambda

Smith, Karen E.

293

Suppression of ring artefacts when tomographing anisotropically attenuating samples  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intensity normalization technique is proposed to suppress ring artefacts of varying strength. The method was applied to an elongated sample in a monochromatic beam and to a sample with highly attenuated parts in a white beam.

Titarenko, S.

2011-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

294

Triangularly phase-modulated optical fiber ring resonator sensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical fiber ring resonatory sensor system has been demonstrated by applying a triangular phase modulation signal to a fiber loop. The dynamic range for detection of optical phase...

Chien, Pie-Yau; Pan, Ci-Ling

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Unsaturated fractured rock characterization methods and data sets at the Apache Leap Tuff Site  

SciTech Connect

Performance assessment of high-level nuclear waste containment feasibility requires representative values of parameters as input, including parameter moments, distributional characteristics, and covariance structures between parameters. To meet this need, characterization methods and data sets for interstitial, hydraulic, pneumatic and thermal parameters for a slightly welded fractured tuff at the Apache Leap Tuff Site situated in central Arizona are reported in this document. The data sets include the influence of matric suction on measured parameters. Spatial variability is investigated by sampling along nine boreholes at regular distances. Laboratory parameter estimates for 105 core segments are provided, as well as field estimates centered on the intervals where the core segments were collected. Measurement uncertainty is estimated by repetitively testing control samples. 31 refs., 10 figs., 21 tabs.

Rasmussen, T.C.; Evans, D.D.; Sheets, P.J.; Blanford, J.H. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (USA). Dept. of Hydrology and Water Resources

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Instability issues for the ESS linac and rings  

SciTech Connect

Comments are made on beam instability issues in the ESS linac and rings. The topics of interest in the linac are halo generation in the absence and presence of machine imperfections, and also the stability of the momentum ramping of the output beam. In the case of the rings, the main concern is for fast coherent transverse instabilities due to the combined effect of coupled electron-proton oscillations and interaction with the wall impedances.

Rees, G. H. [Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, CLRC (United Kingdom)

1999-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

297

Laser plasma focus produced in a ring target  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new geometry for generating a laser?produced plasma is presented. A toroidalmirror is used to focus a CO2laser beam on the inside wall of a copper ring target. The plasma produced converges at the center of the ring where an axial plasma focus is formed. High?speed photography shows details of a plasma generated at a distance from the target surface. This new geometry could have important applications in the field of x?ray lasers.

G. Saint?Hilaire; Z. Szili

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Flame–vortex interaction in a reacting vortex ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Direct numerical simulations are used to study the flame–vortex interaction in a laminar reacting vortex ring. The chemical reaction occurs by a one-step Arrhenius-type reaction that mimics the combustion of typical hydrocarbon and air. The ring is generated by an axisymmetric jet that is impulsed to emit a cold fuel through a nozzle. The fuel enters a quiescent ambient at a much higher temperature. By adjusting the ratio of the ambient and fuel temperatures the ignition either occurs during the formation or post-formation phase of the ring. When ignition occurs during the formation phase of the ring the bulk of combustion is by a flame at the front of the vortex bubble. When ignition is delayed until after the formation phase most of the reaction occurs inside the vortex ring. It is found that premixing the fuel and the oxidizer enhances the amount of product formation. The heat released from the reaction significantly affects production redistribution and diffusion of the vorticity throughout the field. The results of the simulations also reveal that the heat of reaction affects the strain rate fields differently depending on when the ignition of the ring occurs.

J. S. Hewett; C. K. Madnia

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

E-Print Network 3.0 - apophyseal ring fracture Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fracture Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: apophyseal ring fracture...

300

The Distribution of Dark Matter in a Ringed Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outer rings are located at the greatest distance from the galaxy center of any feature resonant with a bar. Because of their large scale, their morphology is sensitive to the distribution of the dark matter in the galaxy. We introduce here how study of these rings can constrain the mass-to-light ratio of the bar, and so the percentage of dark matter in the center of these galaxies. We compare periodic orbits integrated in the ringed galaxy NGC 6782 near the outer Lindblad resonance to the shape of the outer ring. The non-axisymmetric component of the potential resulting from the bar is derived from a near-infrared image of the galaxy. The axisymmetric component is derived assuming a flat rotation curve. We find that the pinched non-self-intersecting periodic orbits are more elongated for higher bar mass-to-light ratios and faster bars. The inferred mass-to-light ratio of the bar depends on the assumed inclination of the galaxy. With an assumed galaxy inclination of i=41 degrees, for the orbits to be consistent with the observed ring morphology the mass-to-light ratio of the bar must be high, greater than 70% of a maximal disk value. For i=45 degrees, the mass-to-light ratio of the bar is $75\\pm 15%$ of the maximal disk value. Since the velocity field of these rings can be used to constrain the galaxy inclination as well as which periodic orbit is represented in the ring, further study will yield tighter constraints on the mass-to-light ratio of the bar. If a near maximal disk value for the bar is required, then either there would be little dark matter within the bar, or the dark matter contained in the disk of the galaxy would be non-axisymmetric and would rotate with the bar.

A. C. Quillen; J. A. Frogel

1996-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Relativistic klystron driven compact high gradient accelerator as an injector to an X-ray synchrotron radiation ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact high gradient accelerator driven by a relativistic klystron is utilized to inject high energy electrons into an X-ray synchrotron radiation ring. The high gradients provided by the relativistic klystron enables accelerator structure to be much shorter (typically 3 meters) than conventional injectors. This in turn enables manufacturers which utilize high energy, high intensity X-rays to produce various devices, such as computer chips, to do so on a cost effective basis.

Yu, David U. L. (1912 MacArthur St., Rancho Palos Verdes, CA 90732)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Milnor K-theory and the graded representation ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let F be a field, let G be its absolute Galois group, and let R(G, k) be the representation ring of G over a suitable field k. In this preprint we construct a ring homomorphism from the mod 2 Milnor K-theory k_*(F) to the graded ring gr R(G, k) associated to Grothendieck's \\gamma-filtration. We study this map in particular cases, as well as a related map involving the W-group of F rather than G. The latter is an isomorphism in all cases considered. Naturally this echoes the Milnor conjecture (now a theorem), which states that k_*(F) is isomorphic to the mod 2 cohomology of the absolute Galois group G, and to the graded Witt ring gr W(F). The machinery developed to obtain the above results seems to have independent interest in algebraic topology. We are led to construct an analog of the classical Chern character, which does not involve complex vector bundles and Chern classes but rather real vector bundles and Stiefel-Whitney classes. Thus we show the existence of a ring homomorphism whose source is the graded...

Guillot, Pierre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Turbine nozzle/nozzle support structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An axial flow turbine`s nozzle/nozzle support structure is described having a cantilevered nozzle outer structure including an outer shroud and airfoil vanes extending radially inwardly therefrom, an inner shroud radially adjacent the inner end of the airfoil vanes and cooperatively disposed relative to the outer shroud to provide an annular fluid flow path, an inner and an outer support ring respectively arranged radially inside the inner shroud and axially adjacent a portion of the outer shroud, and pins extending through such portion and into the outer support ring. The inner support ring or inner shroud has a groove therein bounded by end walls for receiving and being axially abuttable with a locating projection from the adjacent airfoil vane, inner shroud, or inner support ring. The nozzle outer structure may comprise segments each of which has a single protrusion which is axially engageable with the outer support ring or, alternatively, a first and second protrusion which are arcuately and axially separated and which include axial openings therein whereby first and second protrusions on respective, arcuately adjacent nozzle segments have axial openings therein which are alignable with connector openings in the outer support ring and within each of such aligned openings a pin is receivable. The inner shroud may, likewise, comprise segments which, when assembled in operating configuration, have a 360 degree expanse. 6 figs.

Boyd, G.L.; Shaffer, J.E.

1997-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

Turbine nozzle/nozzle support structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An axial flow turbine's nozzle/nozzle support structure having a cantilevered nozzle outer structure including an outer shroud and airfoil vanes extending radially inwardly therefrom, an inner shroud radially adjacent the inner end of the airfoil vanes and cooperatively disposed relative to the outer shroud to provide an annular fluid flow path, an inner and an outer support ring respectively arranged radially inside the inner shroud and axially adjacent a portion of the outer shroud, and pins extending through such portion and into the outer support ring. The inner support ring or inner shroud has a groove therein bounded by end walls for receiving and being axially abuttable with a locating projection from the adjacent airfoil vane, inner shroud, or inner support ring. The nozzle outer structure may comprise segments each of which has a single protrusion which is axially engageable with the outer support ring or, alternatively, a first and second protrusion which are arcuately and axially separated and which include axial openings therein whereby first and second protrusions on respective, arcuately adjacent nozzle segments have axial openings therein which are alignable with connector openings in the outer support ring and within each of such aligned openings a pin is receivable. The inner shroud may, likewise, comprise segments which, when assembled in operating configuration, have a 360 degree expanse.

Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA); Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Turbine nozzle/nozzle support structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An axial flow turbine's nozzle/nozzle support structure having a cantilevered nozzle outer structure including an outer shroud and airfoil vanes extending radially inwardly therefrom, an inner shroud radially adjacent the inner end of the airfoil vanes and cooperatively disposed relative to the outer shroud to provide an annular fluid flow path, an inner and an outer support ring respectively arranged radially inside the inner shroud and axially adjacent a portion of the outer shroud, and pins extending through such portion and into the outer support ring. The inner support ring or inner shroud has a groove therein bounded by end walls for receiving and being axially abuttable with a locating projection from the adjacent airfoil vane, inner shroud, or inner support ring. The nozzle outer structure may comprise segments each of which has a single protrusion which is axially engageable with the outer support ring or, alternatively, a first and second protrusion which are arcuately and axially separated and which include axial openings therein whereby first and second protrusions on respective, arcuately adjacent nozzle segments have axial openings therein which are alignable with connector openings in the outer support ring and within each of such aligned openings a pin is receivable. The inner shroud may, likewise, comprise segments which, when assembled in operating configuration, have a 360 degree expanse.

Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA); Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Turbine nozzle/nozzle support structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An axial flow turbine`s nozzle/nozzle support structure is described having a cantilevered nozzle outer structure including an outer shroud and airfoil vanes extending radially inwardly therefrom, an inner shroud radially adjacent the inner end of the airfoil vanes and cooperatively disposed relative to the outer shroud to provide an annular fluid flow path, an inner and an outer support ring respectively arranged radially inside the inner shroud and axially adjacent a portion of the outer shroud, and pins extending through such portion and into the outer support ring. The inner support ring or inner shroud has a groove therein bounded by end walls for receiving and being axially abuttable with a locating projection from the adjacent airfoil vane, inner shroud, or inner support ring. The nozzle outer structure may comprise segments each of which has a single protrusion which is axially engageable with the outer support ring or, alternatively, a first and second protrusion which are arcuately and axially separated and which include axial openings therein whereby first and second protrusions on respective, arcuately adjacent nozzle segments have axial openings therein which are alignable with connector openings in the outer support ring and within each of such aligned openings a pin is receivable. The inner shroud may, likewise, comprise segments which, when assembled in operating configuration, have a 360 degree expanse. 6 figs.

Boyd, G.L.; Shaffer, J.E.

1996-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

307

Turbine nozzle/nozzle support structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An axial flow turbine's nozzle/nozzle support structure having a cantilevered nozzle outer structure including an outer shroud and airfoil vanes extending radially inwardly therefrom, an inner shroud radially adjacent the inner end of the airfoil vanes and cooperatively disposed relative to the outer shroud to provide an annular fluid flow path, an inner and an outer support ring respectively arranged radially inside the inner shroud and axially adjacent a portion of the outer shroud, and pins extending through such portion and into the outer support ring. The inner support ring or inner shroud has a groove therein bounded by end walls for receiving and being axially abuttable with a locating projection from the adjacent airfoil vane, inner shroud, or inner support ring. The nozzle outer structure may comprise segments each of which has a single protrusion which is axially engageable with the outer support ring or, alternatively, a first and second protrusion which are arcuately and axially separated and which include axial openings therein whereby first and second protrusions on respective, arcuately adjacent nozzle segments have axial openings therein which are alignable with connector openings in the outer support ring and within each of such aligned openings a pin is receivable. The inner shroud may, likewise, comprise segments which, when assembled in operating configuration, have a 360 degree expanse.

Boyd, Gary L. (Alpine, CA); Shaffer, James E. (Maitland, FL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Deciphering Climate from the Characterization of Ring Width, Carbon, and Oxygen Isotopes in Latewood Tree-Ring Cellulose, Big Thicket National Preserve, Texas, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for their help with the project. Dr. Mora gave me the opportunity to pursue a Ph.D. in tree-ring chemistry. Dr in Latewood Tree-Ring Cellulose, Big Thicket National Preserve, Texas, USA A Dissertation Presented. Grissino-Mayer mentored me as a new dendrochronologist, and is ultimately the reason I chose tree rings

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

309

Where and when does a ring start and end? Testing the ring-species hypothesis in a species complex of Australian parrots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...s00122-006-0381-4 Higgins, P.J Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic...dots) all as in figure 3 Where and when does a ring start and end? Testing the ring-species...to form. A ring speciation hypothesis does not explain the patterns we have observed...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Electron Cloud Mitigation in the Spallation Neutron Source Ring  

SciTech Connect

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accumulator ring is designed to accumulate, via H{sup -} injection, protons of 2 MW beam power at 1 GeV kinetic energy at a repetition rate of 60 Hz [1]. At such beam intensity, electron-cloud is expected to be one of the intensity-limiting mechanisms that complicate ring operations. This paper summarizes mitigation strategy adopted in the design, both in suppressing electron-cloud formation and in enhancing Landau damping, including tapered magnetic field and monitoring system for the collection of stripped electrons at injection, TiN coated beam chamber for suppression of the secondary yield, clearing electrodes dedicated for the injection region and parasitic on BPMs around the ring, solenoid windings in the collimation region, and planning of vacuum systems for beam scrubbing upon operation.

Wei, J.; Blaskiewicz, Michael; Brodowski, J.; Cameron, P.; Davino, Daniele; Fedotov, A.; He, P.; Hseuh, H.; Lee, Y.Y.; Ludewig, H.; Meng, W.; Raparia, D.; Tuozzolo, J.; Zhang, S.Y.; Catalan-Lasheras, N.; Macek, R.J.; Furman, Miguel A.; Aleksandrov, A.; Cousineau, S.; Danilov, V.; Henderson, S.; /Brookhaven /CERN /LANL, Ctr. for Nonlinear Studies /LBL, Berkeley /Oak Ridge /SLAC

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

311

Mixing Cell Model: A One-Dimensional Numerical Model for Assessment of Water Flow and Contaminant Transport in the Unsaturated Zone  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the Mixing Cell Model code, a one-dimensional model for water flow and solute transport in the unsaturated zone under steady-state or transient flow conditions. The model is based on the principles and assumptions underlying mixing cell model formulations. The unsaturated zone is discretized into a series of independent mixing cells. Each cell may have unique hydrologic, lithologic, and sorptive properties. Ordinary differential equations describe the material (water and solute) balance within each cell. Water flow equations are derived from the continuity equation assuming that unit-gradient conditions exist at all times in each cell. Pressure gradients are considered implicitly through model discretization. Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity and moisture contents are determined by the material-specific moisture characteristic curves. Solute transport processes include explicit treatment of advective processes, first-order chain decay, and linear sorption reactions. Dispersion is addressed through implicit and explicit dispersion. Implicit dispersion is an inherent feature of all mixing cell models and originates from the formulation of the problem in terms of mass balance around fully mixed volume elements. Expressions are provided that relate implicit dispersion to the physical dispersion of the system. Two FORTRAN codes were developed to solve the water flow and solute transport equations: (1) the Mixing-Cell Model for Flow (MCMF) solves transient water flow problems and (2) the Mixing Cell Model for Transport (MCMT) solves the solute transport problem. The transient water flow problem is typically solved first by estimating the water flux through each cell in the model domain as a function of time using the MCMF code. These data are stored in either ASCII or binary files that are later read by the solute transport code (MCMT). Code output includes solute pore water concentrations, water and solute inventories in each cell and at each specified output time, and water and solute fluxes through each cell and specified output time. Computer run times for coupled transient water flow and solute transport were typically several seconds on a 2 GHz Intel Pentium IV desktop computer. The model was benchmarked against analytical solutions and finite-element approximations to the partial differential equations (PDE) describing unsaturated flow and transport. Differences between the maximum solute flux estimated by the mixing-cell model and the PDE models were typically less than two percent.

A. S. Rood

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Mixing Cell Model: A One-Dimensional Numerical Model for Assessment of Water Flow and Contaminant Transport in the Unsaturated Zone  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the Mixing Cell Model code, a one-dimensional model for water flow and solute transport in the unsaturated zone under steady-state or transient flow conditions. The model is based on the principles and assumptions underlying mixing cell model formulations. The unsaturated zone is discretized into a series of independent mixing cells. Each cell may have unique hydrologic, lithologic, and sorptive properties. Ordinary differential equations describe the material (water and solute) balance within each cell. Water flow equations are derived from the continuity equation assuming that unit-gradient conditions exist at all times in each cell. Pressure gradients are considered implicitly through model discretization. Unsaturated hydraulic conductivity and moisture contents are determined by the material-specific moisture characteristic curves. Solute transport processes include explicit treatment of advective processes, first-order chain decay, and linear sorption reactions. Dispersion is addressed through implicit and explicit dispersion. Implicit dispersion is an inherent feature of all mixing cell models and originates from the formulation of the problem in terms of mass balance around fully mixed volume elements. Expressions are provided that relate implicit dispersion to the physical dispersion of the system. Two FORTRAN codes were developed to solve the water flow and solute transport equations: (1) the Mixing-Cell Model for Flow (MCMF) solves transient water flow problems and (2) the Mixing Cell Model for Transport (MCMT) solves the solute transport problem. The transient water flow problem is typically solved first by estimating the water flux through each cell in the model domain as a function of time using the MCMF code. These data are stored in either ASCII or binary files that are later read by the solute transport code (MCMT). Code output includes solute pore water concentrations, water and solute inventories in each cell and at each specified output time, and water and solute fluxes through each cell and specified output time. Computer run times for coupled transient water flow and solute transport were typically several seconds on a 2 GHz Intel Pentium IV desktop computer. The model was benchmarked against analytical solutions and finite-element approximations to the partial differential equations (PDE) describing unsaturated flow and transport. Differences between the maximum solute flux estimated by the mixing-cell model and the PDE models were typically less than two percent.

A. S. Rood

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

On near-rings associated with generalized affine planes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ON NEAR-RINGS ASSOCIATED WITH GENERALIZED AFFINE PLANES A Thesis by NANCY JANE ARMENTROUT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1971... Ma)or Subject: Mathematics ON NEAR-RINGS ASSOCIATED WITH GENERALIZED AI'FINE PLANES A Thesis NANCY JANE ARMENTROUT Approved as to style and content by: A, n. ;s-, . (Chairma of Committee) c ~ g~~+ (Head of Department) (Member) (Member) Mem...

Armentrout, Nancy Jane

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

CRACKING OF PIc NUCLEAR CONTAINMENT STRUCTURES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CRACKING OF PIc NUCLEAR CONTAINMENT STRUCTURES By Sami H. Rizkalla,l Sidney H. Simmonds': and James structures for some Canadian nuclear reactors consist of a heavy concrete base, a cylindrical wall, a ring the design accident pressure. This would result in the walls and dome of the containment being stressed

315

Status of Studies of Achromat-based 6D Ionization Cooling Rings for Muons  

SciTech Connect

Six dimensional ionization cooling of muons is needed to achieve the necessary luminosity for a muon collider. If that cooling could occur over multiple turns in a closed ring, there would be significant cost savings over a single-pass cooling channel. We report on the status of a cooling ring with achromatic arcs. The achromatic design permits the design to easily switch between a closed ring and a snaking geometry on injection or extraction from the ring. The ring is designed with sufficient space in each superperiod for injection and extraction magnets. We describe the ring's lattice design, performance, and injection/extraction requirements.

Ding, X.; Kirk, H.; Cline, D.; Garren, A.A.; Berg, J.S.

2011-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

316

ISG8-Structures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structures (WG4) Structures (WG4) Orange Rm H. Carter, T. Higo and J. Wang Parallel Sessions: Working Groups: WG1: Parameters, Design, Instrumentation and Tuning WG2: Damping Rings and ATF WG3: RF Sources WG4:Structures WG5: Ground Motion; Site Requirements and Investigations Goals Review of progress and experiences in design and fabrication. Review of high gradient tests. R&D plan and schedule through spring of 2003. Plan and schedule for production of 8-pack structures. Plan and schedule to document how to manufacture and process NLC/JLC accelerator structures. Preliminary Agenda Monday 9:00 Plenary 10:30 Coffee Break 11:00 – 12:00 Working Group Organization Opening Remarks - Dave Burke, Ron Ruth, Nobu Toge Discussion: Agenda and working group organization Lunch 13:30 – 15:30 High Gradient Test (Joint session with WG3)

317

New vortex ring configurations for the MAP dyon solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrically charged magnetic solutions of SU (2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory with net zero topological charge has been obtained as axially symmetric saddle-point solutions in Ref. [1]. These solutions are characterized by an integer the winding number n of their azimuthal angle ? and an electric charge parameter 0ring configuration with n=2 ?=0.65 and varying Higgs field strength. Our observations showed that beside the fundamental solution which is an electrically charged MAP solution there also exist two other branches of eclectically charged vortex ring solutions which both appear at ?=20.45. The difference in total energy between these two branches of solution is very small but the difference in diameter of vortex rings of the two branches is quite significant. Finding of a branching phenomena in presence of a fundamental MAP solution has been for the first time. In Ref. [2] new branching solutions occur for the electrically neutral case in presence of fundamental vortex ring solutions but not for the fundamental MAP solution.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Thermal-aware Synthesis of Integrated Photonic Ring Resonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal-aware Synthesis of Integrated Photonic Ring Resonators Christopher Condrat Calypto Design-chip optical-interconnect wavelength division multi- plexing (WDM) network architectures. Thermal interactions literature proposes active compensation for such refractive index variations (e.g. carrier-injection based

Kalla, Priyank

319

Apparatus and method for suppressing diffraction rings in a laser  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method of manufacturing a gas laser having an envelope for containing a laser gas and a tube in the envelope which surrounds an optical path. The method comprising flowing a substance through the tube to roughen interior surfaces of the tube such that diffraction rings in light output from the laser are suppressed.

Cook, B.H. Jr.

1989-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

FRACTIONAL SKEW MONOID RINGS P. ARA, M.A. GONZ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRACTIONAL SKEW MONOID RINGS P. ARA, M.A. GONZ â?? ALEZ­BARROSO, K.R. GOODEARL, AND E. PARDO FQM­298 of the Junta de Andalucâ??�a. 1 #12; 2 P. ARA, M.A. GONZ â?? ALEZ­BARROSO, K.R. GOODEARL, AND E

Bigelow, Stephen

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Depth of Idempotent-Generated Subsemigroups of a Regular Ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Lemma 1.2 applied to the ring eRe shows that y =f\\f2 ...fn+i is a product of n +1 idempotents fx, ...,fn+1 eeRe. Then a = [fx + (1 -- e)][f2 + (1 -- e)]... [fn+i + (1 -- e)\\ is a product of n + 1 idempotents in R......

John Hannah; K. C. O'Meara

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Heartbeat Stars and the Ringing of Tidal Pulsations Kelly Hambleton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heartbeat Stars and the Ringing of Tidal Pulsations Kelly Hambleton Andrej Prsa, Don Kurtz, Jim Fuller, Susan Thompson University of Central Lancashire kmhambleton@uclan.ac.uk March 27, 2014 Kelly 3 Summary Conclusions Future Work Kelly Hambleton (UCLan) Heartbeat Stars March 27, 2014 2 / 33 #12

Â?umer, Slobodan

323

Muon g-2 ring moving up Illinois river  

SciTech Connect

This clip shows the "Miss Katie" pushing the muon g-2 ring upstream on the Illinois River, and passing through the Peoria Lock and Dam as it travels toward Lemont, where it will be unloaded onto the special Emmert transporter and driven to Fermilab.

none

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

324

Radiation issues in a radioactive ion decay ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......disposed of as radioactive waste. Table 3. Specific activity...effective dose per unit release for long-term water releases for two critical...et al. The acceleration and storage of radioactive ions for Neutrino...and 18Ne) circulating in a storage ring. Since the beam is not......

M. Magistris; M. Silari

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

325

A High Density Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A High Density Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings K. Zapfe \\Lambday , B. Braun z , H of gaseous polarized hydrogen was formed by injecting polarized H atoms (produced by Stern­Gerlach spin separation) into a storage cell consisting of a cylindrical tube open at both ends. The target was placed

326

The Lightwave Model 142 CW Visible Ring Laser,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, operation temperature was controlled using a diode thermo-electric cooler. The laser specifications [4] were1 The Lightwave Model 142 CW Visible Ring Laser, Beam Splitter, Model ATM- 80A1 Acousto Dr. Andres LaRosa March 11th , 2003 #12;2 Abstract A Lightwave Electronics Model 142 continuous wave

La Rosa, Andres H.

327

The Lightwave Model 142 CW Visible Ring Laser,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, operation temperature was controlled using a diode thermo-electric cooler. The laser specifications [4] were1 The Lightwave Model 142 CW Visible Ring Laser, Beam Splitter, Model ATM- 80A1 Acousto Dr. Andres LaRosa Abstract A Lightwave Electronics Model 142 continuous wave visible (green) laser

La Rosa, Andres H.

328

The domination of Saturn's low latitude ionosphere by ring `rain'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saturn's ionosphere is produced when the otherwise neutral atmosphere is exposed to a flow of energetic charged particles or solar radiation. At low latitudes the latter should result in a weak planet-wide glow in infrared (IR), corresponding to the planet's uniform illumination by the Sun. The observed low-latitude ionospheric electron density is lower and the temperature higher than predicted by models. A planet-ring magnetic connection has been previously suggested in which an influx of water from the rings could explain the lower than expected electron densities in Saturn's atmosphere. Here we report the detection of a pattern of features, extending across a broad latitude band from ~25 to 60 degrees, that is superposed on the lower latitude background glow, with peaks in emission that map along the planet's magnetic field lines to gaps in Saturn's rings. This pattern implies the transfer of charged water products from the ring-plane to the ionosphere, revealing the influx on a global scale, flooding betw...

O'Donoghue, J; Melin, H; Jones, G H; Cowley, S W H; Miller, S; Baines, K H; Blake, J S D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

WEAK SUBINTEGRALITY AND INVERTIBLE MODULES IN GRADED RINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEAK SUBINTEGRALITY AND INVERTIBLE MODULES IN GRADED RINGSB=A : B=A ! I (A?, B?). Here A? is the divided power algebra associated with A, which is the ring having, then the homomorphism iB=A : B=A ! I (A?, B?) is an isomorphism. A key new observation used in the proof

Roberts, Leslie

330

Persistent Ring Currents in an Ideal Bose Gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......density of supercurrent, is, to applied electric and magnetic fields, namely curl (Ajs...would die down quickly, due to Ohmic resistance, and the :flux through the ring would...attributed to the impossibility of creating elementary excitations which would slow down this......

J. M. Blatt

1961-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Ring current intensity estimated from low-altitude proton observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Oksavik Department of Physics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway D. S. Evans NOAA Space Environment as a proxy for estimating the energy injection rate into the ring current (RC) due to energetic protons. The injection rate Q(t) is not based upon solar wind parameters but directly on the observed proton

Bergen, Universitetet i

332

Final results of the Boeing and Los Alamos grazing incidence ring-resonator free electron laser experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Initial test results for the Boeing and Los Alamos grazing incidence ring-resonator FEL were presented at the 1990 FEL Conference. This work showed that the resonator pointing alignment accurcy required improvements to the resonator diagnostics to increase the alignment accuracy. The alignment technique was described, but lasing results with the more accurate alignment were not available at that time. This paper discusses more recent and final test results from the grazing-incidence ring-resonator experiment. With the new alignment techniques, the extraction was approximately seven times greater, and the FEL output exhibited much reduced temporal structure. Measurements show that FEL output and wavelength are sensitive to electron beam energy variations.

D.H. Dowell; M.L. Laucks; A.R. Lowrey; J. Adamski; D. Pistoresi; D.R. Shoffstall; A.H. Lumpkin; S. Bender; D. Byrd; R.L. Tokar; K. Sun; M. Bentz; R. Burns; J. Guha; W. Tomita

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Microwave imaging of Saturn's deep atmosphere and rings  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of microwave images of Saturn's atmosphere and rings is presented. Interferometer observations at wavelengths of 0.27, 2.01, 6.17, and 20.13 cm, and precise application of synthesis imaging techniques yielded brightness and polarization maps of unsurpassed resolution and sensitivity. Linear polarization is detected from the ring ansea, and brightness variations in the deep atmosphere and the rings are revealed. The disk-integrated spectrum of Saturn is interpreted within the context of a radiative transfer model that requires the NH{sub 3} mixing ratio to take on a value of 0.9 to 1.1 x 10{sup -} directly below the ammonia ice cloud at a pressure of 1.4 bar. The NH{sub 3} mixing ratio increases with depth to a value of 5.0 to 6.5 x 10{sup -} at a pressure of 6 bar. The variation of NH{sub 3} with depth can be entirely accounted for by the presence of 11 to 14 times solar abundance of H{sub 2}S, which reacts with NH{sub 3} to produce a substantial NH{sub 4}SH cloud. Latitudinal variations in brightness temperature indicate that the saturated vapor abundance of ammonia decreases by 50 percent from equator to pole within the cloud deck. At greater depths, the latitudinal variations of ammonia are consistent with alternating zones of concentration and depletion caused by vertical motions. An apparent depletion in northern mid-lattitudes is well-correlated with a decrease in infrared opacity and depressed cloud top levels, indicating deep-seated downwelling. The size, composition, and shape of particles comprising the rings of Saturn are constrained by modeling the emission, scattering, and extinction of radiation by the rings. Azimuthal variations in brightness and linear polarization favor a model in which the particles are irregularly shaped.

Grossman, A.W.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Modeling and simulation of longitudinal dynamics for Low Energy Ring–High Energy Ring at the Positron-Electron Project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A time domain dynamic modeling and simulation tool for beam-cavity interactions in the Low Energy Ring (LER) and High Energy Ring (HER) at the Positron-Electron Project (PEP-II) is presented. Dynamic simulation results for PEP-II are compared to measurements of the actual machine. The motivation for this tool is to explore the stability margins and performance limits of PEP-II radio-frequency (RF) systems at future higher currents and upgraded RF configurations. It also serves as a test bed for new control algorithms and can define the ultimate limits of the low-level RF (LLRF) architecture. The time domain program captures the dynamic behavior of the beam-cavity-LLRF interaction based on a reduced model. The ring current is represented by macrobunches. Multiple RF stations in the ring are represented via one or two macrocavities. Each macrocavity captures the overall behavior of all the 2 or 4 cavity RF stations. Station models include nonlinear elements in the klystron and signal processing. This enables modeling the principal longitudinal impedance control loops interacting via the longitudinal beam model. The dynamics of the simulation model are validated by comparing the measured growth rates for the LER with simulation results. The simulated behavior of the LER at increased operation currents is presented via low-mode instability growth rates. Different control strategies are compared and the effects of both the imperfections in the LLRF signal processing and the nonlinear drivers and klystrons are explored.

C. Rivetta; T. Mastorides; J. D. Fox; D. Teytelman; D. Van Winkle

2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

335

Modeling the lubrication of the piston ring pack in internal combustion engines using the deterministic method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Piston ring packs are used in internal combustion engines to seal both the high pressure gas in the combustion chamber and the lubricant oil in the crank case. The interaction between the piston ring pack and the cylinder ...

Chen, Haijie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Effects of lubricant viscosity and surface texturing on ring-pack performance in internal combustion engines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The piston ring-pack contributes approximately 25% of the mechanical losses in an internal combustion engine. Both lubricant viscosity and surface texturing were investigated in an effort to reduce this ring-pack friction ...

Takata, Rosalind (Rosalind Kazuko), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Prediction and measurement of the rotordynamic response of an automotive turbocharger with floating ring bearings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of lubricant heating and bearing clearance changes due to bearing power consumption. The floating ring bearing analysis provides both floating ring speeds and bearing force coefficients for use in a linear rotordynamic model. The linear rotordynamic...

Kerth, Jason Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

338

The walled city : Beijing hybrid development plan in the 2nd ring road  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The circular ring roads are one of the key elements that define the spatial organization of Beijing today. However, as the city continues to expand, the ring roads located in the inner city, combined with the gridded ...

Liang, Shaoyi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Air flow effects in the piston ring pack and their implications on oil transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 different flow regimes of piston blowby air and their influences on oil transport are studied. It is found that air mainly interacts with oil close to the ring gaps and directly below the ring-liner contacts. Geometric ...

Wang, Yuan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

The effect of surface finish on piston ring-pack performance in advanced reciprocating engine systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frictional losses in the piston ring-pack of an engine account for approximately 20% of the total frictional losses within an engine. Methods of surface texture optimization were investigated to reduce piston ring-pack ...

Jocsak, Jeffrey (Jeffrey Alan)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Feasibility of Injection/Extraction Systems for Muon FFAG Rings in the Neutrino Factory  

SciTech Connect

Non-scaling FFAG rings have been proposed for muon acceleration in a neutrino factory. In order to achieve small orbit excursion and small time of flight variation, lattices with a very compact cell structure and short straight sections are required. The resulting geometry places very challenging constraints on the injection/extraction systems. The feasibility of injection/extraction is discussed and various implementations focusing on minimization of kicker/septum strength are presented. The injection and extraction systems in the nonscaling FFAG for muon acceleration in a neutrino factory were studied in the ring based on FODO lattice. The vertical direction was found to be preferential for both injection and extraction, which allows for lower kicker strengths and facilitates the distribution of kickers due to a lower phase advance per cell in comparison with the horizontal plane. It is possible to design mirror-symmetric schemes in which the kickers can be reused for both signs of muons. The disadvantage of these solutions is a need for special magnets with large aperture in the injection/extraction region due to the large kicked beam oscillations. The strengths of the required kickers are still very challenging and the fields in the septum magnets dictates the need for a superconducting design.

Pasternak, J.; Berg, J.; Aslaninejad, M.; Kelliher, D.; Machida, S.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Accelerated weathering of high-level and plutonium-bearing lanthanide borosilicate waste glasses under hydraulically unsaturated conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) has proposed that a can-in-canister waste package design be used for disposal of excess weapons-grade Pu at the proposed mined geologic repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. This configuration consists of a high-level waste (HLW) canister fitted with a rack that holds mini-canisters containing a Pu-bearing lanthanide borosilicate (LaBS) waste glass and/or titanate-based ceramic (?15% of the total canister volume). The remaining volume of the HLW canister is then filled with HLW glass (?85% of the total canister volume). A 6-a pressurized unsaturated flow (PUF) test was conducted to investigate waste form–waste form interactions that may occur when water penetrates the canisters and contacts the waste forms. The PUF column volumetric water content was observed to increase steadily during the test because of water accumulation associated with alteration phases formed on the surfaces of the glasses. Periodic excursions in effluent pH, electrical conductivity, and solution chemistry were monitored and correlated with the formation of a clay phase(s) during the test. Geochemical modeling, with the EQ3NR code, of select effluent solution samples suggests the dominant secondary reaction product for the surrogate HLW glass, SRL-202, is a smectite di-octahedral clay phase(s), possibly nontronite [Na0.33 Fe2(AlSi)4O10(OH)2 · n(H2O)] or beidellite [Na0.33Al2.33Si3.67O10(OH)2]. This clay phase was identified in scanning electron microscope (SEM) images as discrete spherical particles growing out of a hydrated gel layer on reacted SRL-202 glass. Alpha energy analysis (AEA) of aliquots of select effluent samples that were filtered through a 1.8 nm filter suggest that approximately 80% of the total measurable Pu was in the form of a filterable particulate, in comparison to unfiltered aliquots of the same sample. These results suggest the filterable particles are >1.8 nm but smaller than the 0.2 ?m average diameter openings of the Ti porous plate situated at the base of the column. In this advection-dominated system, Pu appeared to be migrating principally as or in association with colloids after being released from the LaBS glass. Analyses of reacted LaBS glass particles with SEM with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy suggest that Pu may have segregated into a discrete disk-like phase, possibly PuO2. Alteration products that contain the neutron absorber Gd have not been positively identified. Separation of the Pu and the neutron absorber Gd during glass dissolution and transport could be a criticality issue for the proposed repository. However, the translation and interpretation of these long-term PUF test results to actual disposed waste packages requires further analysis.

Eric M. Pierce; B.P. McGrail; P.F. Martin; J. Marra; B.W. Arey; K.N. Geiszler

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Conformational free energy of melts of ring-linear polymer blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The conformational free energy of ring polymers in a blend of ring and linear polymers is investigated using the bond-fluctuation model. Previously established scaling relationships for the free energy of a ring polymer are shown to be valid only in the mean-field sense, and alternative functional forms are investigated. It is shown that it may be difficult to accurately express the total free energy of a ring polymer by a simple scaling argument, or in closed form.

Gopinath Subramanian and Sachin Shanbhag

2009-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

344

Liner surface improvements for low friction piston ring packs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of engine components in the automotive industry is governed by several constraints such as environmental legislation and customer expectations. About a half of the frictional losses in an internal combustion engine come from the interactions between the piston assembly and cylinder liner surface. The tribological considerations in the contact between the piston ring and cylinder liner have attracted much attention over the past few decades. Many non-conventional cylinder liner finishes have been, and are being, developed with the aim to reduce friction losses and oil consumption, but the effects of the surface finish on piston ring pack performance is not well understood. One way of reducing friction in the cylinder system is to reduce the tangential load from the piston ring pack, focusing on the oil control ring. However, the side-effect of this is a disappointingly increased oil consumption. In this study a number of different cylinder liner surface specifications were developed and implemented in test engines with the aim of maintaining the level for oil consumption when decreasing the tangential load for the piston ring pack. To improve our understanding of the result, the same surfaces were evaluated in elastic and elasto-plastic rough contact and hydrodynamic flow simulation models. It is shown that oil consumption is strongly related to surface texture on the cylinder liners and at lower speeds (900–1200 rpm), a 'rougher surface' with a high core (e.g. Sk) and valley roughness (e.g. Svk) results in higher oil consumption. At the medium speed range (1200–3600 rpm), oil consumption continues to dominate for the 'rough' surfaces but with a visible influence of a lower oil consumption for a decreased roughness within the 'rough' surface group. 'Smooth' surfaces with a 'smooth' core (Sk), irrespective of the valley component (Svk), show similar oil consumption. For engine speeds above 3600 rpms, an increase in plateau roughness results in higher oil consumption. Throughout the study, standard roughness parameters were computed to compare with the results from engine testing and simulation. Future work will be directed to continuous optimization between oil consumption and friction. Improving the understanding of the functional cylinder system surfaces' ability to form oil films in the cylinder system opens up opportunities, not only in reducing the tangential load of piston ring packs but also in optimizing oil viscosity in order to reduce friction.

C Anderberg; Z Dimkovski; B-G Rosén

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

AN EXAMPLE OF A NICE VARIETY WHOSE RING OF GLOBAL SECTIONS IS NOT FINITELY GENERATED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generated. Now let X be the total space of the vector bundle N P over E. Then the ring of global sectionsAN EXAMPLE OF A NICE VARIETY WHOSE RING OF GLOBAL SECTIONS IS NOT FINITELY GENERATED RAVI VAKIL 1 ring of global sections. I certainly thought this. Brian Osserman asked about this in the introductory

Vakil, Ravi

346

Self-Assembly in Chains, Rings, and Branches: A Single Component System with Two Critical Points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-Assembly in Chains, Rings, and Branches: A Single Component System with Two Critical Points October 2013) We study the interplay between phase separation and self-assembly in chains, rings. The emergence of the lower critical point is caused by the self-assembly of rings taking place in the vapor

Sciortino, Francesco

347

Penetration of plasma into the wafer-focus ring gap in capacitively coupled plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Penetration of plasma into the wafer-focus ring gap in capacitively coupled plasmas Natalia Y of capacitively coupled plasma reactors with a wafer-focus ring gap. The penetration of plasma generated species i.e., ions and radicals into the wafer-focus ring gap is discussed. We found that the penetration of plasma

Kushner, Mark

348

The 3-Sphere and the Bicycling Black Rings Event Horizon The 3-Sphere and the Bicycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 3-Sphere and the Bicycling Black Rings Event Horizon #12;#12;The 3-Sphere and the Bicycling that "the bicycling black rings" are a admissible solution to the event horizon of black holes in 4 is to develop a method of visualising the bicycling black rings and other four-dimensional objects. In the end

Bengtsson, Ingemar

349

Calculation of the Heat of Combustion of Components of Unsaturated Hydrocarbon-Based Power-Generating Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Development is continued of the additive method of group contributions in application to the calculation of the heat of combustion of hydrocarbons of different chemical structures.

E. V. Sagadeev; V. V. Sagadeev

350

MINIMUM EMITTANCE LATTICE FOR SYNCHROTRON RADIATION STORAGE RINGS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MINIMUM EMITTANCE LATTICE FOR MINIMUM EMITTANCE LATTICE FOR SYNCHROTRON RADIATION STORAGE RINGS 1. C. Teng ANL/FNAL LS-17 L. Teng March 18, 1985 The natural emittance of an electron beam in a storage ring is given by (see e.g., M. Sands, SLAC 21) (1) where Cq =~~= 3.832 x 10-l3 m 32/3 mc J x partition factor in the bending plane y = total energy in mc 2 uni ts p orbit radius in bending magnets (assumed the same in all magne ts) H yn 2 - + 2ann ' + Bn I 2 ( a, B, Y = betatron functions ) n, n I dispersion functions <> = averaging over bending magnets We shall calculate for each bending magnet, then average over all magnets. 2 A. General Expression for H This can be calculated in a straightforward manner, but we can save a great deal of arithmetic with some preliminary formal analytical

351

Twisted Electromagnetic Modes and Sagnac Ring-Lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new approximation scheme, designed to solve the covariant Maxwell equations inside a rotating hollow slender conducting cavity (modelling a ring-laser), is constructed. It is shown that for well-defined conditions there exist TE and TM modes with respect to the longitudinal axis of the cavity. A twisted mode spectrum is found to depend on the integrated Frenet torsion of the cavity and this in turn may affect the Sagnac beat frequency induced by a non-zero rotation of the cavity. The analysis is motivated by attempts to use ring-lasers to measure terrestrial gravito-magnetism or the Lense-Thirring effect produced by the rotation of the Earth.

David A. Burton; Adam Noble; Robin W. Tucker; David L. Wiltshire

2004-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

352

A Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy Mercury Continuous Emission Monitor  

SciTech Connect

The Sensor Research & Development Corporation (SRD) has undertaken the development of a Continuous Emissions Monitor (CEM) for mercury based on the technique of Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy (CRD). The project involved building an instrument for the detection of trace levels of mercury in the flue gas emissions from coal-fired power plants. The project has occurred over two phases. The first phase concentrated on the development of the ringdown cavity and the actual detection of mercury. The second phase dealt with the construction and integration of the sampling system, used to carry the sample from the flue stack to the CRD cavity, into the overall CRD instrument. The project incorporated a Pulsed Alexandrite Laser (PAL) system from Light Age Incorporated as the source to produce the desired narrow band 254 nm ultra-violet (UV) radiation. This laser system was seeded with a diode laser to bring the linewidth of the output beam from about 150 GHz to less than 60 MHz for the fundamental beam. Through a variety of non-linear optics the 761 nm fundamental beam is converted into the 254 nm beam needed for mercury detection. Detection of the mercury transition was verified by the identification of the characteristic natural isotopic structure observed at lower cavity pressures. The five characteristic peaks, due to both natural isotopic abundance and hyperfine splitting, provided a unique identifier for mercury. SRD scientists were able to detect mercury in air down below 10 parts-per-trillion by volume (pptr). This value is dependent on the pressure and temperature within the CRD cavity at the time of detection. Sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) absorbs UV radiation in the same spectral region as mercury, which is a significant problem for most mercury detection equipment. However, SRD has not only been able to determine accurate mercury concentrations in the presence of SO{sub 2}, but the CRD instrument can in fact determine the SO{sub 2} concentration as well. Detection of mercury down to the low hundreds of pptr has been accomplished in the presence of SO{sub 2} at concentration levels much higher than that found in typical flue gas emissions. SRD scientists extended the interferent testing to each individual component found in flue gas. It was found that only SO{sub 2} had a significant effect on the ring-down decay curve. Upon completion of testing the components of flue gas individually a simulated flue gas stream was used to test to the CRD instrument. The result showed accurate detection of mercury down to levels below 100 pptr in a simulated flue gas stream with the concentrations of the various components above that found in a typical untreated flue gas. A sampling system was designed and integrated into the CRD instrument to carry the sample from the flue gas stack to the CRD cavity. The sampling system was constructed so that it could be placed very close to the sampling port. SRD scientists were able to couple the UV laser light into an optical fiber, which is then sent to the sampling system. This allows the laser system to be isolated from the sampling system. Initial long-term testing revealed a couple of problems related to the stability of the output frequency of the laser system. These problems have been successfully dealt with by incorporating specific software solutions into the overall data acquisition program. The project culminated in a field test conducted at the DOE/NETL pilot plant facility in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The object of the test was the evaluation of a cavity ringdown spectrometer constructed for the detection of TOTAL vapor phase mercury as a continuous emission monitor (CEM). Although there is the potential for the instrument to determine the amount of speciation between neutral elemental mercury (Hg{sup (o)}) and oxidized mercury (Hg{sup (+2)}), the initial test plan was to concentrate on the measurement of the total mercury. Another added benefit is that the measurements will report the sulfur dioxide (SO 2) concentration throughout the test. This report concludes the technical work asso

Christopher C. Carter

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

Bichromatic emission and multimode dynamics in bidirectional ring lasers  

SciTech Connect

The multimode dynamics of a two-level ring laser is explored numerically using a bidirectional traveling wave model retaining the spatial effects due to the presence of counter-propagating electric fields in the population inversion. Dynamical regimes where the emission in each direction occurs at different wavelengths are studied. Mode-locked unidirectional emission for large gain bandwidth and relatively small detuning is reported.

Perez-Serrano, Antonio; Javaloyes, Julien; Balle, Salvador [Instituto de Fisica Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos, IFISC, UIB-CSIC, Campus UIB, Palma de Mallorca, E-07122 (Spain); Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8LT (United Kingdom); Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avancats, IMEDEA, UIB-CSIC, Esporles, E-07190 (Spain)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Quantum interference in an electron-hole graphene ring system  

SciTech Connect

Quantum interference is observed in a graphene ring system via the Aharonov Bohm effect. As graphene is a gapless semiconductor, this geometry allows to study the unique situation of quantum interference between electrons and holes in addition to the unipolar quantum interference. The period and amplitude of the observed Aharonov-Bohm oscillations are independent of the sign of the applied gate voltage showing the equivalence between unipolar and dipolar interference.

Smirnov, D.; Schmidt, H.; Haug, R. J. [Institut für Festkörperphysik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Appelstr. 2 30167 Hannover (Germany)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

355

Block copolymer adhesion promoters via ring-opening metathesis polymerization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Coupling agents based on functionalized block copolymers for bonding thermoset polymers to solid materials. These are polymers which possess at least two types of functional groups, one which is able to attach to and react with solid surfaces, and another which can react with a thermoset resin, which are incorporated as pendant groups in monomers distributed in blocks (typically two) along the backbone of the chain. The block copolymers in this invention are synthesized by living ring-opening metathesis polymerization.

Kent, Michael S. (12320 Pine Ridge, NE, Albuquerque, NM 87112); Saunders, Randall (13201 Fruit Ave., NE, Albuquerque, NM 87123)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Thermoset polymers via ring opening metathesis polymerization of functionalized oils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention provides a method for producing a thermosetting resin from renewable oils, the method comprising supplying renewable oil molecules containing strained ring alkene moieties; reacting the alkene moieties with cyclic alkenes to create a polymer; and repeating the above two steps until the resin having desired characteristics are obtained. Also provided is a thermoset resin comprising functionalized renewable oil polymerized with a co-monomer.

Larock, Richard C; Henna, Phillip H; Kessier, Michael R

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

357

Constraining the gravitational wave energy density of the Universe using Earth's ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for gravitational waves is one of today's major scientific endeavors. A gravitational wave can interact with matter by exciting vibrations of elastic bodies. Earth itself is a large elastic body whose so-called normal-mode oscillations ring up when a gravitational wave passes. Therefore, precise measurement of vibration amplitudes can be used to search for the elusive gravitational-wave signals. Earth's free oscillations that can be observed after high-magnitude earthquakes have been studied extensively with gravimeters and low-frequency seismometers over many decades leading to invaluable insight into Earth's structure. Making use of our detailed understanding of Earth's normal modes, numerical models are employed for the first time to accurately calculate Earth's gravitational-wave response, and thereby turn a network of sensors that so far has served to improve our understanding of Earth, into an astrophysical observatory exploring our Universe. In this article, we constrain the energy density o...

Coughlin, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

MULTIGAN: A NEW MULTICHARGED ION SOURCE BASED ON AXISYMETRIC MAGNETIC STRUCTURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's [3,4]) takes back the two Mono1000 rings made of permanent magnets (NdFeB Vacodym 655HR) coupling of the axisymetric magnetic structures made only of permanent magnets with a high operating frequency. The magnetic Gauss, the mirror ratio is 1.92. After the iron design and the permanent magnet ring used, a mechanical

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

359

Concepts and performance for a next-generation storage ring hard x-ray source  

SciTech Connect

Among the possibilities for a next-generation hard x-ray source is a so-called 'ultimate storage ring'. This refers to a large, high-energy storage ring with very low emittance and high current. Such a ring has the potential to deliver significantly higher spectral brightness and transverse coherence than present third-generation rings. At the same time, it promises the stability and reliability that users have come to expect in a light source. In this paper, we present a design for a 7-GeV, 40-sector storage ring with a circumference of 3.1 km and an emittance of 15 pm in both planes.

Borland, M. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 60439 (United States)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

360

Highly Unsaturated Hydrogenated Silicon Clusters, SinHx (n = 3?10, x = 0?3), in Flash Pyrolysis of Silane and Disilane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Highly Unsaturated Hydrogenated Silicon Clusters, SinHx (n = 3?10, x = 0?3), in Flash Pyrolysis of Silane and Disilane ... Bare and partially hydrogenated neutral silicon clusters, SinHx (n = 3?10, x = 0?3), were produced upon flash pyrolysis of dilute (1%) mixtures of disilane, Si2H6, in Ar and of silane, SiH4, in He at temperatures above ?1000 K. Immediately following the flash pyrolysis of the precursors (on an ?20 ?s time scale), the clusters were isolated in a supersonic molecular beam and detected by single vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) photon (? = 118.2 ... 6 Other conventional methods of pyrolysis of silane and disilane have resulted in the production of silicon particles (>5 nm) that contain ?10?30% mole fraction of hydrogen, have near saturation surface coverage with hydrogen, and are suspected precursors to a-Si:H growth. ...

Steven D. Chambreau; Liming Wang; Jingsong Zhang

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Influence of surface passivation and water content on mineral reactions in unsaturated porous media: Implications for brucite carbonation and CO2 sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The evolution of mineral reactive surface area is an important control on the progress of carbon mineralization reactions that sequester anthropogenic CO2. Dry conditions in unsaturated porous media and the passivation of reactive surface area by secondary phase precipitation complicate predictions of reactive surface during carbon mineralization reactions. Unsaturated brucite [Mg(OH)2] bearing column experiments were used to evaluate the effects of water saturation and hydrous Mg-carbonate precipitation on reaction of brucite with 10% CO2 gas streams at ambient conditions. We demonstrate that a lack of available water severely limits reaction progress largely due to the requirement of water as a reactant to form hydrated Mg-carbonates. The precipitation of a poorly crystalline carbonate phase in the early stages of the reaction does not significantly hinder brucite dissolution, as the carbonate coating remains sufficiently permeable. It is postulated that the conversion of this phase to substantially less porous, crystalline nesquehonite [MgCO3·3H2O] results in passivation of the brucite surface. Although a mechanistic model describing the passivating effect of nesquehonite remains elusive, reactive transport modeling using MIN3P-DUSTY confirms that conventional geometric surface area update models do not adequately reproduce observed reaction progress during brucite carbonation, while an empirically based model accounting for surface passivation is able to capture the transient evolution of CO2 uptake. Both water limits and surface passivation effects may limit the efficiency of CO2 sequestration efforts that rely on the conversion of mafic and ultramafic rock to carbonate minerals.

Anna L. Harrison; Gregory M. Dipple; Ian M. Power; K. Ulrich Mayer

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

363

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

364

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

365

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

366

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Hybrid Rotaxanes: Interlocked Structures for Quantum Computing? Print Rotaxanes are mechanically interlocked molecular architectures consisting of a dumbbell-shaped molecule, the "axle," that threads through a ring called a macrocycle. Because the rings can spin around and slide along the axle, rotaxanes are promising components of molecular machines. While most rotaxanes have been entirely organic, the physical properties desirable in molecular machines are mostly found in inorganic compounds. Working together, two British groups at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Manchester have bridged this gap with hybrid rotaxanes, in which inorganic rings encircle the organic axles. The hybrid architecture greatly increases their range of useful physical properties, such as the magnetism based on molecular magnets that may make them suitable as qubits for quantum computers.

367
368

Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of a ?3-1-Hydroxyallyl Complex:? Protonation of an ?,?-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compound Bound to Palladium(0) and Platinum(0)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The direct addition of a proton to a carbonyl oxygen in an ?2-enone complex of palladium and platinum led to the quantitative formation of ?3-1-hydroxyallyl complexes of palladium and platinum, of which X-ray diffraction analysis showed typical ?3-allyl ...

Sensuke Ogoshi; Masaki Morita; Hideo Kurosawa

2003-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

369

Classification of fossil fuels according to structural-chemical characteristics  

SciTech Connect

On the basis of a set of linear equations that relate the amount of major elements n{sub E} (E = C, H, O, N, S) in the organic matter of fossil fuels to structural characteristics, such as the number of cycles R, the number of atoms n{sub E}, the number of mutual chemical bonds, the degree of unsaturation of the structure {delta}, and the extent of its reduction B, a structural-chemical classification of fossil coals that is closely related to the parameters of the industrial-genetic classification (GOST 25543-88) is proposed. Structural-chemical classification diagrams are constructed for power-generating coals of Russia; coking coals; and coals designed for nonfuel purposes including the manufacture of adsorbents, synthetic liquid fuel, ion exchangers, thermal graphite, and carbon-graphite materials.

A.M. Gyul'maliev; G.S. Golovin; S.G. Gagarin [Institute for Fossil Fuels, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Ring-shaped luminescence pattern in biased quantum wells studied as a steady-state reaction front  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under certain conditions, focused laser excitation in semiconductor quantum well structures can lead to a charge separation and a circular reaction front, which is visible as a ring-shaped photoluminescence pattern. The diffusion-reaction equations governing the system are studied here with the aim of a detailed understanding of the steady state. The qualitative asymmetry in the sources for the two carriers is found to lead to unusual effects which dramatically affect the steady-state configuration. Analytic expressions are derived for carrier distributions and interface positions for a number of cases. These are compared with steady-state information obtained from simulations of the diffusion-reaction equations.

Masudul Haque

2006-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

371

Structural similarities among eight benzoyl­hydrazones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structures of eight benzoyl­hydrazones show similar conformations and hydrogen-bonding patterns. In most cases, the phenyl ring of the benzoyl group is rotated by about 30? with respect to the keto group. Only one of the amide groups exhibits the syn conformation.

Ton, Q.C.

2014-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

372

The endomorphism near ring on the quaternion group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'IHE FNDOMORPHISM NEAR RING ON THE QUATERNION CROUP A Thesis by Mary Katherine King Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Au~us t (Month...) (Year) Major Subject: Mathematics TNE ENDOMO1PNTSM NEAR RlNG ON T11E QUATEPBTON GROUP A Thesis by Mary Katherine King Approved as to style and content by: ha man of Committee (Member) (Member) (Memb er) (Memb r) (Member) ~Au, ust 1969 (Month...

King, Mary Katherine

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Transverse instability of the antiproton beam in the Recycler Ring  

SciTech Connect

The brightness of the antiproton beam in Fermilab's 8 GeV Recycler ring is limited by a transverse instability. This instability has occurred during the extraction process to the Tevatron for large stacks of antiprotons even with dampers in operation. This paper describes observed features of the instability, introduces the threshold phase density to characterize the beam stability, and finds the results to be in agreement with a resistive wall instability model. Effective exclusion of the longitudinal tails from Landau damping by decreasing the depth of the RF potential well is observed to lower the threshold density by up to a factor of two.

Prost, L.R.; Bhat, C.M.; Burov, A.; Crisp, J.; Eddy, N.; Hu, M.; Shemyakin, A.; /Fermilab

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Block copolymer adhesion promoters via ring-opening metathesis polymerization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Coupling agents are disclosed based on functionalized block copolymers for bonding thermoset polymers to solid materials. These are polymers which possess at least two types of functional groups, one which is able to attach to and react with solid surfaces, and another which can react with a thermoset resin, which are incorporated as pendant groups in monomers distributed in blocks (typically two) along the backbone of the chain. The block copolymers in this invention are synthesized by living ring-opening metathesis polymerization. 18 figs.

Kent, M.S.; Saunders, R.

1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

375

Reliability analysis for LEB ring magnet power system in SSC  

SciTech Connect

The LEB ring magnet power system contains six subsystems, supervisory control, power supplies, regulation, DC bus, resonant cells, and fault sensing network. The system availability of the total LEB RMPS is required to be 0.999. The work in this paper is to allocate the overall LEB RMPS reliability requirement into reliability requirements for each of the subsystems and lower-tier items. The Feasibility-of-Objective technique combining with engineering experience is the key for the allocation. MIL-HDBK-217F is used to derate SCR components. 7 refs., 5 figs.

Smedley, K.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Optical distortions in electron/positron storage rings  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the optical distortions in the PEP electron/positron storage ring for various optical configurations using the computer programs DIMAT, HARMON, PATRICIA, and TURTLE. The results are shown graphically by tracing several thousand trajectories from one interaction region to the next using TURTLE and by tracing a few selected rays several hundred turns using the programs DIMAT and PATRICIA. The results show an interesting correlation between the calculated optical cleanliness of a particular lattice configuration and the observed operating characteristics of the machine.

Brown, K.L.; Donald, M.; Servranckx, R.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

The attachment of amino fragment to purine: inner-shell structures and spectra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The impact of the amino fragment attachment on the inner-shell structures and spectra of unsubstituted purine and the purine ring of adenine is studied using density functional theory.

Saha, S.

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

378

Energy Down Conversion between Classical Electromagnetic Fields via a Quantum Mechanical SQUID Ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the interaction of a quantum mechanical SQUID ring with a classical resonator (a parallel $LC$ tank circuit). In our model we assume that the evolution of the ring maintains its quantum mechanical nature, even though the circuit to which it is coupled is treated classically. We show that when the SQUID ring is driven by a classical monochromatic microwave source, energy can be transferred between this input and the tank circuit, even when the frequency ratio between them is very large. Essentially, these calculations deal with the coupling between a single macroscopic quantum object (the SQUID ring) and a classical circuit measurement device where due account is taken of the non-perturbative behaviour of the ring and the concomitant non-linear interaction of the ring with this device.

M. J. Everitt; T. D. Clark; P. B. Stiffell; C. J. Harland; J. F. Ralph

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

379

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Angles-Furanose Rings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

angles in Furanose Rings angles in Furanose Rings ----------------------------------------------------- ribose deoxyribose ----------------------------------------------------- angle mean esd N mean esd N value value ----------------------------------------------------- C1'-C2'-C3' 101.5 (0.9, 80) 102.7 (1.4, 47) C2'-C3'-C4' 102.7 (1.0, 80) 103.2 (1.0, 47) C3'-C4'-O4' 105.5 (1.4, 80) 105.6 (1.0, 47) C4'-O4'-C1' 109.6 (0.9, 80) 109.7 (1.4, 47) O4'-C1'-C2' 106.4 (1.4, 80) 106.1 (1.0, 47) C1'-C2'-O2' 110.6 (3.0, 80) na C3'-C2'-O2' 113.3 (2.9, 80) na C2'-C3'-O3' 111.0 (2.8, 80) 110.6 (2.7, 47) C4'-C3'-O3' 110.6 (2.6, 80) 110.3 (2.2, 47) C5'-C4'-C3' 115.5 (1.5, 80) 114.7 (1.5, 47)

380

SUPERCONDUCTING RING CYCLOTRON FOR RIKEN RI BEAM FACTORY IN JAPAN  

SciTech Connect

Since 1997, RIKEN Nishina Center has been constructing the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF) and succeeded in beam commissioning of its accelerator complex at the end of 2006. The world's first superconducting ring cyclotron (SRC) is the final booster in the RIBF accelerator complex which is able to accelerate all-element heavy ions to a speed of about 70% of the velocity of light. The ring cyclotron consists of 6 major superconducting sector magnets with a maximum field of 3.8 T. The total stored energy is 235 MJ, and its overall sizes are 19 m diameter, 8 m height and 8,300 tons. The magnet system assembly was completed in August 2005, and successfully reached the maximum field in November 2005. The first beam was extracted at the end of 2006 and the first uranium beam was extracted in March 2007. However operation of the helium refrigerator was not satisfactory although the commissioning of SRC was successful. Operation was stopped every two month due to degradation of its cooling power. In February 2008 the reason of the degradation was revealed to be oil contamination. Operation of the cryogenic system was restarted from August 2008 after hard task to clean up the helium refrigerator and to add oil separators to the compressor. After restoration long-term steady operation to keep the magnet superconducting continued for about 8 months with no sign of degradation of cooling capacity.

Okuno, H.; Dantsuka, T.; Yamada, K.; Kase, M.; Maie, T.; Kamigaito, O. [RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama, 351-0198 (Japan)

2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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381

Weibull Effective Area for Hertzian Ring Crack Initiation Stress  

SciTech Connect

Spherical or Hertzian indentation is used to characterize and guide the development of engineered ceramics under consideration for diverse applications involving contact, wear, rolling fatigue, and impact. Ring crack initiation can be one important damage mechanism of Hertzian indentation. It is caused by sufficiently-high, surface-located, radial tensile stresses in an annular ring located adjacent to and outside of the Hertzian contact circle. While the maximum radial tensile stress is known to be dependent on the elastic properties of the sphere and target, the diameter of the sphere, the applied compressive force, and the coefficient of friction, the Weibull effective area too will be affected by those parameters. However, the estimations of a maximum radial tensile stress and Weibull effective area are difficult to obtain because the coefficient of friction during Hertzian indentation is complex, likely intractable, and not known a priori. Circumventing this, the Weibull effective area expressions are derived here for the two extremes that bracket all coefficients of friction; namely, (1) the classical, frictionless, Hertzian case where only complete slip occurs, and (2) the case where no slip occurs or where the coefficient of friction is infinite.

Jadaan, Osama M. [University of Wisconsin, Platteville; Wereszczak, Andrew A [ORNL; Johanns, Kurt E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Operational advances in ring current modeling using RAM-SCB  

SciTech Connect

The Ring current Atmosphere interaction Model with Self-Consistently calculated 3D Magnetic field (RAM-SCB) combines a kinetic model of the ring current with a force-balanced model of the magnetospheric magnetic field to create an inner magnetospheric model that is magnetically self consistent. RAM-SCB produces a wealth of outputs that are valuable to space weather applications. For example, the anisotropic particle distribution of the KeV-energy population calculated by the code is key for predicting surface charging on spacecraft. Furthermore, radiation belt codes stand to benefit substantially from RAM-SCB calculated magnetic field values and plasma wave growth rates - both important for determining the evolution of relativistic electron populations. RAM-SCB is undergoing development to bring these benefits to the space weather community. Data-model validation efforts are underway to assess the performance of the system. 'Virtual Satellite' capability has been added to yield satellite-specific particle distribution and magnetic field output. The code's outer boundary is being expanded to 10 Earth Radii to encompass previously neglected geosynchronous orbits and allow the code to be driven completely by either empirical or first-principles based inputs. These advances are culminating towards a new, real-time version of the code, rtRAM-SCB, that can monitor the inner magnetosphere conditions on both a global and spacecraft-specific level. This paper summarizes these new features as well as the benefits they provide the space weather community.

Welling, Daniel T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jordanova, Vania K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zaharia, Sorin G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morley, Steven K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

383

6D mu (+/-) cooling using a solenoid-dipole ring cooler for a muon collider  

SciTech Connect

Six dimensional cooling of large emittance {mu}{sup +} and {mu}{sup -} beams is required in order to obtain the desired luminosity for a muon collider. We propose to use a ring cooler that employs both dipoles and solenoids with the additional requirement that the arcs of the ring be achromatic. We describe the lattice and the beam dynamics of the proposed ring, and demonstrate that the lattice gives substantial cooling in all 6 phase space dimensions.

Garren, A.; Berg, J.; Cline, D.; Ding, X.; Kirk, H.G.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

First law of black ring thermodynamics in higher dimensional Chern-Simons gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The physical process version and the equilibrium state version of the first law of black ring thermodynamics in n-dimensional Einstein gravity with Chern-Simons term were derived. This theory constitutes the simplest generalization of the five-dimensional one admitting a stationary black ring solution. The equilibrium state version of the first law of black ring mechanics was achieved by choosing any cross section of the event horizon to the future of the bifurcation surface.

Marek Rogatko

2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

385

Black rings and the physical process version of the first law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of the physical process version of the first law of black ring thermodynamics in n-dimensional Einstein gravity with additional (p+1)-form field strength and dilaton fields. The first order variations of mass, angular momentum and local charge for black ring are derived. From them we prove the physical process version of the first law of thermodynamic for stationary black rings.

Marek Rogatko

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

386

First law of black ring thermodynamics in higher dimensional Chern-Simons gravity  

SciTech Connect

The physical process version and the equilibrium state version of the first law of black ring thermodynamics in n-dimensional Einstein gravity with Chern-Simons term were derived. This theory constitutes the simplest generalization of the five-dimensional one admitting a stationary black ring solution. The equilibrium state version of the first law of black ring mechanics was achieved by choosing any cross section of the event horizon to the future of the bifurcation surface.

Rogatko, Marek [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, pl. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 1 (Poland)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

387

Black rings and the physical process version of the first law of thermodynamics  

SciTech Connect

We consider the problem of the physical process version of the first law of black ring thermodynamics in n-dimensional Einstein gravity with additional (p+1)-form field strength and dilaton fields. The first order variations of mass, angular momentum and local charge for black ring are derived. From them we prove the physical process version of the first law of thermodynamic for stationary black rings.

Rogatko, Marek [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, pl. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 1 (Poland)

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

FODO-Supercell Based Compact Ring Design with Tunable Momentum Compaction and Optimized Dynamic Aperture  

SciTech Connect

A storage ring with tunable momentum compaction has the advantage in achieving different RMS bunch length with similar RF capacity, which is potentially useful for many applications, such as linear collider damping ring and pre-damping ring where injected beam has a large energy spread and a large transverse emittance. A tunable bunch length also makes the commissioning and fine tuning easier in manipulating the single bunch instabilities. In this paper, a compact ring design based on a supercell is presented, which achieves a tunable momentum compaction while maintaining a large dynamic aperture.

Sun, Yipeng; /SLAC

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

389

Effects of Modularity and Connectivity on OADM Deployment in Ring Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For a class of Optical Add/Drop Multiplexers, we empirically study the effects of port modularity and connectivity on device deployment in ring networks. Designs with greater...

Nuzman, Carl; Kumaran, Krishnan; Nithi, Nachi; Saniee, Iraj; Levy, David; Mitev, Peter

390

Wafer-level packaging with compression-controlled seal ring bonding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device may be provided in a sealed package by aligning a seal ring provided on a first surface of a first semiconductor wafer in opposing relationship with a seal ring that is provided on a second surface of a second semiconductor wafer and surrounds a portion of the second wafer that contains the device. Forcible movement of the first and second wafer surfaces toward one another compresses the first and second seal rings against one another. A physical barrier against the movement, other than the first and second seal rings, is provided between the first and second wafer surfaces.

Farino, Anthony J

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

391

Self-mixing interference in fiber ring laser and its application for vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new approach for self-mixing interference in fiber ring laser and its application to vibration measurement is presented. Fourier transform method is proposed to improve the...

Dai, Xiajuan; Wang, Ming; Zhao, Yi; Zhou, Junping

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Gas-flow-induced controlled unidirectional operation of a CO2 ring laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown experimentally and theoretically that axial gas flow leads to controlled unidirectional operation of a CO2 ring laser. The direction of emission, clockwise or...

Boulnois, J L; Agrawal, Govind P; Bret, G; Cottin, P; Van Lerberghe, A

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A priori information in a regularized sinogram-based method for removing ring artefacts in tomography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A ring artefact suppression method based on ideas of the theory of inverse problems is proposed for the case of parallel-beam geometry.

Titarenko, S.

2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

394

Electron cloud instabilities in the Proton Storage Ring and Spallation Neutron Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electron cloud instabilities in the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring and those foreseen for the Oak Ridge Spallation Neutron Source are examined theoretically, numerically, and experimentally.

M. Blaskiewicz; M. A. Furman; M. Pivi; R. J. Macek

2003-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

395

E-Print Network 3.0 - accumulator ring vacuum Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ring 3, 4. ELECTRON GENERATION We classify electron production... house turbo pumps to function at a vacuum pressure ... Source: Furman, Miguel - Center for Beam Physics,...

396

Ordered dissipative structures in exciton systems in semiconductor quantum wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A phenomenological theory of exciton condensation in conditions of inhomogeneous excitation is proposed. This theory is a classical theory of phase transitions in real space (not in momentum space), generalized for the case of particles with finite lifetimes—i.e., for the case of a nonequilibrium system. We study the development of a ring of exciton luminescence at macroscopical distances from the central excitation spot in double quantum wells. At certain conditions, the ring breaks down into a periodical array of islands of a condensed phase. The transition between the fragmented and the continuous ring is considered. Assuming a defect in the structure, a possibility of a localized island of the condensed phase in a fixed position outside of the ring is shown. The temperature dependence of the effects has been considered as well.

A. A. Chernyuk and V. I. Sugakov

2006-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

397

FIFTH INTERIM STATUS REPORT: MODEL 9975 PCV O-RING FIXTURE LONG-TERM LEAK PERFORMANCE  

SciTech Connect

A series of experiments to monitor the aging performance of Viton{sup reg.} GLT O-rings used in the Model 9975 package has been ongoing for six years at the Savannah River National Laboratory. Sixty-seven mock-ups of 9975 Primary Containment Vessels (PCVs) were assembled and heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 450 F. They were leak-tested initially and have been tested at nominal six month intervals to determine if they meet the criterion of leaktightness defined in ANSI standard N14.5-97. Fourteen additional tests were initiated in 2008 with GLT-S O-rings heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 400 F. High temperature aging continues for 36 GLT O-ring fixtures at 200--350 F. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in 5 of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 300 and 350 F, and in all 3 of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at higher temperatures. No failures have yet been observed in GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 200 F for 30--48 months, which is still bounding to O-ring temperatures during storage in KAMS. High temperature aging continues for 6 GLT-S O-ring fixtures at 200--300 F. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all 8 of the GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 350 and 400 F. No failures have yet been observed in GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 200 or 300 F for 19 months. For O-ring fixtures that have failed the room temperature leak test and been disassembled, the O-rings displayed a compression set ranging from 51--95%. This is significantly greater than seen to date for packages inspected during KAMS field surveillance (23% average). For GLT O-rings, service life based on the room temperature leak rate criterion is comparable to that predicted by compression stress relaxation (CSR) data at higher temperatures (350--400 F). While there are no comparable failure data yet at aging temperatures below 300 F, extrapolations of the data for GLT O-rings suggests that CSR model predictions provide a conservative prediction of service life relative to the leak rate criterion. Failure data at lower temperatures is needed to verify this apparent trend. Insufficient failure data exist currently to perform a similar comparison for GLT-S O-rings. Aging and periodic leak testing will continue for the remaining fixtures.

Daugherty, W.; Hoffman, E.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Performance assessment of the direct disposal in unsaturated tuff or spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste owned by USDOE: Volume 2, Methodology and results  

SciTech Connect

This assessment studied the performance of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel in a hypothetical repository in unsaturated tuff. The results of this 10-month study are intended to help guide the Office of Environment Management of the US Department of Energy (DOE) on how to prepare its wastes for eventual permanent disposal. The waste forms comprised spent fuel and high-level waste currently stored at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) and the Hanford reservations. About 700 metric tons heavy metal (MTHM) of the waste under study is stored at INEL, including graphite spent nuclear fuel, highly enriched uranium spent fuel, low enriched uranium spent fuel, and calcined high-level waste. About 2100 MTHM of weapons production fuel, currently stored on the Hanford reservation, was also included. The behavior of the waste was analyzed by waste form and also as a group of waste forms in the hypothetical tuff repository. When the waste forms were studied together, the repository was assumed also to contain about 9200 MTHM high-level waste in borosilicate glass from three DOE sites. The addition of the borosilicate glass, which has already been proposed as a final waste form, brought the total to about 12,000 MTHM.

Rechard, R.P. [ed.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Reactivity Differences between [alpha, beta]-Unsaturated Carbonyls and Hydrazones Investigated by Experimental and Theoretical Electron Density and Electron Localizability Analyses  

SciTech Connect

It is still a challenge to predict a compound's reactivity from its ground-state electronic nature although Bader-type topological analyses of the electron density (ED) and electron localizability indicator (ELI) give detailed and useful information on electron concentration and electron-pair localization, respectively. Both ED and ELI can be obtained from theoretical calculations as well as high-resolution X-ray diffraction experiments. Besides ED and ELI descriptors, the delocalization index is used here; it is likewise derived from theoretical calculations as well as from experimental X-ray results, but in the latter case, demonstrated here for the first time. We investigate {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carbonyl and hydrazone compounds because resonance exhibited by these compounds in the electronic ground-state determines their reactive behavior. The degree of resonance as well as the reactivity contrast are quantified with the electronic descriptors. Moreover, competitive mesomeric substituent effects are studied using the two biologically important compounds acrolein and acrylamide. The reactivity differences predicted from the analyses are in line with the known reactivity of these compounds in organic synthesis. Hence, the capability of the ED and ELI for rationalizing and predicting different and competing substituent effects with respect to reactivity is demonstrated.

Grabowsky, Simon; Weber, Manuela; Jayatilaka, Dylan; Chen, Yu-Sheng; Grabowski, Matthias T.; Brehme, Rainer; Hesse, Malte; Schirmeister, Tanja; Luger, Peter (UWA); (Wurzburg); (UC); (Berlin)

2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

400

Application of the NNWSI [Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations] unsaturated test method to actinide doped SRL [Savannah River Laboratory] 165 type glass  

SciTech Connect

The results of tests done using the Unsaturated Test Method are presented. These tests, done to determine the suitability of glass in a potential high-level waste repository as developed by the Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations Project, simulate conditions anticipated for the post-containment phase of the repository when only limited contact between the waste form and water is expected. The reaction of glass occurs via processes that are initiated due to glass/water vapor and glass/liquid water contact. Vapor interaction results in the initiation of an exchange process between water and the more mobile species (alkalis and boron) in the glass. The liquid reaction produces interactions similar to those seen in standard leaching tests, except due to the limited amount of water present and the presence of partially sensitized 304L stainless steel, the formation of reaction products greatly exceeds that found in MCC-1 type leach tests. The effect of sensitized stainless steel on the reaction is to enhance breakdown of the glass matrix thereby increasing the release of the transuranic elements from the glass. However, most of the Pu and Am released is entrained by either the metal components of the test or by the reaction phases, and is not released to solution. 16 refs., 20 figs., 17 tabs.

Bates, J.K.; Gerding, T.J.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

All Ring Tech Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co Ltd Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name All Ring Tech Co Ltd Place Kaohsiung, Taiwan Product Engaged in the manufacture and sale of semiconductor equipment, passive element equipment, thin film transistor liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD) equipment, optoelectronic products and venturing into thin-film PV manufacturing equipment. Coordinates 22.672569°, 120.293228° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":22.672569,"lon":120.293228,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

402

A ring imaging Cherenkov detector for CLAS12  

SciTech Connect

The energy increase of Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) to 12 GeV promises to greatly extend the physics reach of its experiments. This will include an upgrade of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) to CLAS12, offering unique possibilities to study internal nucleon dynamics. For this excellent hadron identification over the full kinematical range of 3–8 GeV/c is essential. This will be achieved by the installation of a Ring Imaging CHerenkov (RICH) detector. A novel hybrid imaging design incorporating mirrors, aerogel radiators and Hamamatsu H8500 multianode photomultiplier tubes is proposed. Depending on the incident particle track angle, Cherenkov light will either be imaged directly or after two reflections and passes through the aerogel. The detector design is described, along with preliminary results on individual detector components tests and from recent testbeam studies.

Montgomery, Rachel A. [Glasgow University

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Progress and commissioning of the SLD Cherenkov Ring Imaging Detector  

SciTech Connect

We report the recent progress of the SLD Cherenkov Ring Imaging Detector. All of the individual components of the device (TPC's, mirrors, liquid radiator trays) have been completed and installed. Almost half of the electronics packages are installed and operational, and the data acquisition system has been commissioned. The liquid C{sub 6}F{sub 14} recirculation system is functioning. The drift gas supply systems are operating well with TMAE, and the gaseous Freon C{sub 5}F{sub 12} recirculator is being brought on-line. Our monitor and control systems are fully functional. The commissioning of all 40 TPCs at full operating voltage has gone very smoothly. The system shows a remarkable immunity to the SLC backgrounds, and yields very clean events, while operating with a single electron sensitivity.

Abe, K.; Hasegawa, K.; Suekane, F.; Yuta, H. (Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan). Dept. of Physics); Antilogus, P.; Aston, D.; Bienz, T.; Bird, F.; Dasu, S.; Dolinsky, S.; Dunwoodie, W.; Hallewell, G.: Kawahara, H.; Kwon, Y.; Leith, D.W.G.S.; Muller, D.; Nagamine, T.; Pavel, T.J.; Ratcliff, B.; Rensing, P.; Schultz, D.; Shapiro, S.; Simopoulos, C.; Solodov, E.; Toge, N.; Va'vra, J.; Williams, S.H. (Stanford Linear Accelerator

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Radiative polarization in high-energy storage rings  

SciTech Connect

Electron and positron beams circulating in high-energy storage rings become spontaneously polarized by the emission of synchrotron radiation. The asymptotic degree of polarization that can be attained is strongly affected by so-called depolarizing resonances. Detailed experimental measurements of the polarization were made SPEAR about ten years ago, but due to lack of a suitable theory only a limited theoretical fit to the data has so far been achieved. I present a general formalism for calculating depolarizing resonances, which as been coded into a computer program called SMILE, and use it to fit the SPEAR data. By the use of suitable approximations, I am able to fit both higher order and nonlinear resonances, and thereby to interpret many hitherto unexplained features in the data, and to resolve a puzzle concerning the asymmetry of certain resonance widths seen in the data. 18 refs., 2 figs.

Mane, S.R.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Synthesis of Medium Ring Ethers. 5. The Synthesis of (+)-Laurencin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The eight-membered medium ring ether natural product (+)-laurencin 1 is the prototypical member of a growing family of marine natural product cyclic ethers isolated from red algae and those marine organisms which feed on Laurencia species. ... The reaction mixture immediately became yellow and gradually turned dark red as gas was evolved. ... We thank the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) UK for a research grant, Pfizer Central Research, and Corpus Christi College Cambridge for the award of a studentship and a Junior Research Fellow ship (J.W.B.), the Cambridge European Overseas Trust, Ciba (Novartis) and the Swiss Foundation for Gifted Students (scholarship to S.D.), and the Commission of the European Communities (TMR award to T.C.S.) for generous financial support. ...

Jonathan W. Burton; J. Stephen Clark; Sam Derrer; Thomas C. Stork; Justin G. Bendall; Andrew B. Holmes

1997-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Structure of the Circumstellar Envelope of SN 1987A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The volume around the SN 1987A contains a variety of structures, not just the three rings glowing in recombination lines. Many of these are revealed by light echoes, so are mapped in three dimensions by our optical imaging of the SN environs. The rings reside in a bipolar nebula containing them at its waist and crowns, and which is itself contained in a larger, diffuse nebula with a detectable equatorial overdensity. This diffuse nebula terminates in a denser wall which likely marks the inner edge of a bubble blown by the progenitor's main sequence wind. Along with mapping these structures, we measure spectroscopically the velocity of the gas, revealing, for instance, kinematic ages for the inner and outer rings in close agreement with each other. The presence of these structures, their ages and morphologies must be included in models explaining the evolution of the progenitor star and its mass loss envelope.

Arlin P. S. Crotts

1999-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

407

Dendrochronology and heavy metal depsosition in tree rings of baldcypress  

SciTech Connect

A chronology (1895-present) based on tree-ring increments was constructed for baldcypress (Taxodium distichum L.) trees in Bayou Trepagnier, in southern Louisiana. The best indicator of growth was precipitation in February of the preceding year and October of the 2 previous years. Crossdated cores were used to reconstruct large historical natural environmental perturbations (hurricanes). Heavy metals and organic pollutants from oil refineries and other sources contaminated the bayou commencing in the early 1900s. The Pb and Zn content of 50 trees along Bayou Trepagnier, analyzed in the growth rings of tree cores using x-ray fluorescent spectrometry, produced an historical record of pollution. Highlevels of contamination of Pb, as well as Zn, could be correlated with establishment of petroleum refineries (1916) and dredging (1930-1950) of the area, which created spoil banks containing high levels (ca. 300-1600 mg/kg [ppm] Pb) of heavy metals. Concentrations of Pb, per tree, ranged form 0.6 to 14 mg/kg (ppm). Trees in the upper protion of the bayou (near the refiney) contained an average of 4.5 mg/kg (ppm) Pb; trees in the lower portion averaged 2.2 mg/kg (ppm). Concentrations of Zn per tree ranged from 1.7 to 14.8 mg/kg (ppm), but in contrast with Pb did not correlate with distance from pollution sources; trees averaged 5.5 and 5.4 mg/kg (ppm) Zn in the upper and lower portions, respectively, of Bayou Trepagnier. Levels of Pb and Zn in a control ecosystem, Stinking Bayou, were 1.0 and 5.2 mg/kg (ppm), respectively. 39 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Latimer, S.D.; Ellgaard, E.G.; Kumar, S.D. [Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA (United States)] [and others

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The performance of the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring  

SciTech Connect

The Proton Storage Ring (PSR) now in operation at Los Alamos is a high-current accumulator that generates intense 800-MeV proton pulses for driving the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) spallation source. The ring compresses up to 1000-..mu..s-long macropulses from the LAMPF linac into 250-ns bunches and ejects them to a neutron-production target, providing an output optimized for thermal-neutron-scattering research. The design pulse rate and peak pulse intensity of PSR are 12 Hz and 5.2 . 10/sup 13/ protons per pulse (ppp), yielding 100 ..mu..A average current when full performance is reached. This paper summarizes commissioning results and operational experience in the two years since first beam. The PSR has operated in production at average currents up to 30 ..mu..A and has reached a peak intensity of 3.4 . 10/sup 13/ ppp. These achievements represents 30% and 65% of the design objectives. Higher current production has been inhibited by beam losses during accumulation and extraction. Therefore, experiments to understand loss mechanisms have occupied a large fraction of the commissioning effort. Correction of an extraction-channel aperture restriction identified late in 1986 should dramatically reduce extraction losses, which will permit higher current production in 1987. Beam tests in the 10/sup 13/-ppp range have indicated the presence of a collective instability tentatively identified as transverse. However, by suitable parameter adjustments, the instability threshold can be pushed above the top charge-level attainable with the existing H /sup -/ source.

Lawrence, G.P.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Adams Operations, Local Root Numbers, and the Galois Module Structure of Rings of Integers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......121 = le , | H | = V. From the tower formula for discriminants (see...non-abelian), or if F ^ = SAe+1 (with e ^ 3), then if...above four cases, by use of the tower formula for discriminants...mod| S I, and hence Fy_x = SAe+1 (with e ^ 3). As before......

M. J. Taylor

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

GPU Based Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Polymer Rings in Concentrated Solution: Structure and Scaling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......its contour in a snake-like motion because...to explain the development of these chromosome...T = 4 /kB, a temperature significantly above the -temperature T = 3.2 /kB...that at these high temperatures, the attractive......

Daniel Reith; Leonid Mirny; Peter Virnau

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Investigation of Brazil Current rings in the confluence region Carlos A. D. Lentini,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigation of Brazil Current rings in the confluence region Carlos A. D. Lentini,1 Gustavo J Atlantic. These fields were used to monitor the formation and characteristics of the Brazil Current warm-core anticyclonic rings shed by the first meander trough after poleward excursions of the Brazil Current (BC

412

North Brazil Current rings and transport of southern waters in a high resolution numerical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

North Brazil Current rings and transport of southern waters in a high resolution numerical of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and North Brazil Current rings. The model mean and seasonal circulation feature near the western boundary is the North Brazil Current (NBC), which has sources

413

Efficiency Modeling of Tuning Techniques for Silicon Carrier Injection Ring Resonators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@tamu.edu Abstract: Modeling of carrier injection ring resonator devices with common thermal tuning and a new dual-bias/thermal leverages both bias and thermal tuning for carrier-injection ring modulators, which provide large refractive common tuning methods considered are thermal and bias (current injection) tuning. Thermal tuning

Palermo, Sam

414

Sediment resuspension and erosion by vortex rings R. J. Munro,1,a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sediment resuspension and erosion by vortex rings R. J. Munro,1,a N. Bethke,2 and S. B. Dalziel2 1; accepted 26 January 2009; published online 8 April 2009 Particle resuspension and erosion induced-ring propagation speed. The critical conditions for resuspension whereby particles are only just resuspended were

Dalziel, Stuart

415

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2010 Lycoming Engines Design of Novel Piston Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assembly for use in air-cooled aircraft internal combustion engines. Lycoming currently uses two cast iron keystone shaped compression rings and an oil control ring. Objectives The main objective is to deliver. The main design aspects the team focused on were: Improving combustion gas sealing Reducing oil

Demirel, Melik C.

416

Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 27792787 First detection of nitrogen from NOx in tree rings: a 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

abies; Air pollution; Dendroecology; Nitrogen deposition; Stable isotopes; Nitrogen dioxide 1Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 2779­2787 First detection of nitrogen from NOx in tree rings 2004; accepted 27 February 2004 Abstract Nitrogen isotope analysis (d15 N) of tree rings is potentially

417

Trace Elements in Tree Rings: Evidence of Recent and Historical Air Pollution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or both. Tree rings have been used to construct records of climate (1), document heavy metal pollution (2Trace Elements in Tree Rings: Evidence of Recent and Historical Air Pollution C. F. Baes III and S and Historical Air Pollution Abstract. Annual growth rinks from short-leaf pine trees in the Great Smoky

Baes, Fred

418

Optoelectronic Oscillator Based on Fiber Ring Resonator: Overall System Optimization and Phase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optoelectronic Oscillator Based on Fiber Ring Resonator: Overall System Optimization and Phase of an optoelectronic oscillator based on a passive fiber ring resonator. Our experimental results demonstrate existing oscillator of the same type, an active cavity based coupled optoelectronic oscillator. I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

419

Possibilistic clustering approach to trackless ring Pattern Recognition in RICH counters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The pattern recognition problem in Ring Imaging CHerenkov (RICH) counters concerns the identification of an unknown number of rings whose centers and radii are assumed to be unknown. In this paper we present an algorithm based on the possibilistic approach ... Keywords: 07.05.Mh, 29.40.Ka, 29.85.+c, Pattern recognition, Possibilistic clustering, RICH counters

A. M. Massone; L. Studer; F. Masulli

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Detailed Studies of a HighDensity Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed Studies of a High­Density Polarized Hydrogen Gas Target for Storage Rings Kirsten Zapfe 1 (1996) 293 Abstract A high­density target of polarized atomic hydrogen gas for applications in storage rings was produced by injecting atoms from an atomic beam source into a T­shaped storage cell

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421

J. Mol. Biol. (1988) 201, 751-754 Aromatic Rings Act as Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Mol. Biol. (1988) 201, 751-754 Aromatic Rings Act as Hydrogen Bond Acceptors Michael Levitt that there is a significant interaction between a hydrogen bond donor (like the > NH group) and the centre of a benzene ring, which acts as a hydrogen bond acceptor. This interaction, hvdrogen bond, which is about half as strong

Levitt, Michael

422

First law of black ring thermodynamics in higher dimensional dilaton gravity with p+1 strength forms  

SciTech Connect

We derive the first law of black ring thermodynamics in n-dimensional Einstein dilaton gravity with additional (p+1)-form field strength being the simplest generalization of five-dimensional theory containing a stationary black ring solution with dipole charge. It was done by means of choosing any cross section of the event horizon to the future of the bifurcation surface.

Rogatko, Marek [Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, pl. Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej 1 (Poland)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Multiple locus genealogies and phenotypic characters reappraise the causal agents of apple ring rot in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multiple locus genealogies and phenotypic characters reappraise the causal agents of apple ring rot & Guangyu Sun Received: 6 March 2014 /Accepted: 2 September 2014 # School of Science 2014 Abstract Apple ring rot inflicts severe economic losses in the main apple producing areas of East Asia. The causal

Biggs, Alan R.

424

FIFTH INTERIM STATUS REPORT: MODEL 9975 PCV O-RING FIXTURE LONG-TERM LEAK PERFORMANCE  

SciTech Connect

A series of experiments to monitor the aging performance of Viton{reg_sign} GLT O-rings used in the Model 9975 package has been ongoing for six years at the Savannah River National Laboratory. Sixty-seven mock-ups of 9975 Primary Containment Vessels (PCVs) were assembled and heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 450 F. They were leak-tested initially and have been tested at nominal six month intervals to determine if they meet the criterion of leaktightness defined in ANSI standard N14.5-97. Fourteen additional tests were initiated in 2008 with GLT-S O-rings heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 400 F. High temperature aging continues for 36 GLT O-ring fixtures at 200-350 F. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in 6 of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 300 and 350 F, and in all 3 of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at higher temperatures. No failures have yet been observed in GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 200 F for 30-48 months, which is still bounding to O-ring temperatures during storage in KAMS. High temperature aging continues for 6 GLT-S O-ring fixtures at 200-300 F. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all 8 of the GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 350 and 400 F. No failures have yet been observed in GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 200 or 300 F for 19 months. For O-ring fixtures that have failed the room temperature leak test and been disassembled, the Orings displayed a compression set ranging from 51-95%. This is significantly greater than seen to date for packages inspected during KAMS field surveillance (23% average). For GLT O-rings, service life based on the room temperature leak rate criterion is comparable to that predicted by compression stress relaxation (CSR) data at higher temperatures (350-400 F). While there are no comparable failure data yet at aging temperatures below 300 F, extrapolations of the data for GLT O-rings suggests the CSR model predictions provide a conservative prediction of service life relative to the leak rate criterion. Failure data at lower temperatures are needed to verify this apparent trend. Insufficient failure data exist currently to perform a similar comparison for GLT-S O-rings. Aging and periodic leak testing will continue for the remaining fixtures.

Daugherty, W.; Hoffman, E.

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

425

Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Phase I Ring Compression Testing of High  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Phase I Ring Compression Testing of Phase I Ring Compression Testing of High Burnup Cladding Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Phase I Ring Compression Testing of High Burnup Cladding The purpose of ring compression testing is to generate data to support the development of the technical basis for extended storage and transportation of high-burnup fuel. This report highlights the results of completed Phase I testing of high-burnup M5® cladding and the revised three-year test plan. The goal of the ring compression testing is to identify process conditions that would minimize radial-hydride formation and the corresponding DBTT of high-burnup fuel cladding and to generate data and models to support the development of the technical basis for extended storage and transportation of high-burnup fuel.

426

METER-SIZED MOONLET POPULATION IN SATURN'S C RING AND CASSINI DIVISION  

SciTech Connect

Stellar occultations observed by the Cassini Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph reveal the presence of transparent holes a few meters to a few tens of meters in radial extent in otherwise optically thick regions of the C ring and the Cassini Division. We attribute the holes to gravitational disturbances generated by a population of {approx}10 m boulders in the rings that is intermediate in size between the background ring particle size distribution and the previously observed {approx}100 m propeller moonlets in the A ring. The size distribution of these boulders is described by a shallower power-law than the one that describes the ring particle size distribution. The number and size distribution of these boulders could be explained by limited accretion processes deep within Saturn's Roche zone.

Baillie, Kevin; Colwell, Joshua E. [Department of Physics, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-2385 (United States); Esposito, Larry W. [Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado at Boulder, 392 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0392 (United States); Lewis, Mark C., E-mail: kevin.baillie@cea.fr [Department of Computer Science, Trinity University, One Trinity Place, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200 (United States)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Butyl rubber O-ring seals: Revision of test procedures for stockpile materials  

SciTech Connect

Extensive testing showed little correlation between test slab and O-ring performance. New procedures, comparable to those used with the traditional test slabs, were defined for hardness, compression set, and tensile property testing on sacrificial O-ring specimens. Changes in target performance values were made as needed and were, in one case, tightened to reflect the O-ring performance data. An additional study was carried out on O-ring and slab performance vs cure cycle and showed little sensitivity of material performance to large changes in curing time. Aging and spectra of certain materials indicated that two sets of test slabs from current vendor were accidently made from EPDM rather than butyl rubber. Random testing found no O-rings made from EPDM. As a result, and additional spectroscope test will be added to the product acceptance procedures to verify the type of rubber compound used.

Domeier, L.A.; Wagter, K.R.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure Illuminates Mechanism Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization Print Wednesday, 31 March 2010 00:00 Polyketide natural products produced by bacteria and fungi are often characterized by the presence of multiple aromatic rings that are responsible for the activity of polyketides as both beneficial antibiotic and anticancer agents and as dangerous toxic compounds, such as the highly carcinogenic aflatoxins that are produced by fungal species from the Aspergillus family of molds. Polyketide ring formation by fungal enzymes called polyketide synthases (PKSs) is mediated by the enzyme's product template (PT) domain. However, the mechanism for aromatic ring formation from a linear intermediate with high fidelity has remained unclear. To reveal the cyclization mechanism, researchers at the University of California, Irvine, and The Johns Hopkins University solved the structure of the isolated PT domain of the PKS involved in aflatoxin production (PksA) to 1.8 Å using data from ALS Beamline 8.2.2 and SSRL Beamline 9-1. The crystal structure, along with biochemical studies, provides a paradigm for polyketide cyclization by fungal PKSs, an event that is necessary for imparting biological activity to this large class of clinically relevant natural products.

429

Initial field testing definition of subsurface sealing and backfilling tests in unsaturated tuff; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project  

SciTech Connect

This report contains an initial definition of the field tests proposed for the Yucca Mountain Project repository sealing program. The tests are intended to resolve various performance and emplacement concerns. Examples of concerns to be addressed include achieving selected hydrologic and structural requirements for seals, removing portions of the shaft liner, excavating keyways, emplacing cementitious and earthen seals, reducing the impact of fines on the hydraulic conductivity of fractures, efficient grouting of fracture zones, sealing of exploratory boreholes, and controlling the flow of water by using engineered designs. Ten discrete tests are proposed to address these and other concerns. These tests are divided into two groups: Seal component tests and performance confirmation tests. The seal component tests are thorough small-scale in situ tests, the intermediate-scale borehole seal tests, the fracture grouting tests, the surface backfill tests, and the grouted rock mass tests. The seal system tests are the seepage control tests, the backfill tests, the bulkhead test in the Calico Hills unit, the large-scale shaft seal and shaft fill tests, and the remote borehole sealing tests. The tests are proposed to be performed in six discrete areas, including welded and non-welded environments, primarily located outside the potential repository area. The final selection of sealing tests will depend on the nature of the geologic and hydrologic conditions encountered during the development of the Exploratory Studies Facility and detailed numerical analyses. Tests are likely to be performed both before and after License Application.

Fernandez, J.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Case, J.B.; Tyburski, J.R. [I. T. Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

The Design of a Large Booster Ring for the Medium Energy Electron-Ion Collider at Jlab  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present the current design of the large booster ring for the Medium energy Electron-Ion Collider at Jefferson Lab. The booster ring takes 3 GeV protons or ions of equivalent rigidity from a pre-booster ring, and accelerates them to 20 GeV for protons or equivalent energy for light to heavy ions before sending them to the ion collider ring. The present design calls for a figure-8 shape of the ring for superior preservation of ion polarization. The ring is made of warm magnets and shares a tunnel with the two collider rings. Acceleration is achieved by warm RF systems. The linear optics has been designed with the transition energy above the highest beam energy in the ring so crossing of transition energy will be avoided. Preliminary beam dynamics studies including chromaticity compensation are presented in this paper.

Edward Nissen, Todd Satogata, Yuhong Zhang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Constraining the gravitational wave energy density of the Universe using Earth's ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for gravitational waves is one of today's major scientific endeavors. A gravitational wave can interact with matter by exciting vibrations of elastic bodies. Earth itself is a large elastic body whose so-called normal-mode oscillations ring up when a gravitational wave passes. Therefore, precise measurement of vibration amplitudes can be used to search for the elusive gravitational-wave signals. Earth's free oscillations that can be observed after high-magnitude earthquakes have been studied extensively with gravimeters and low-frequency seismometers over many decades leading to invaluable insight into Earth's structure. Making use of our detailed understanding of Earth's normal modes, numerical models are employed for the first time to accurately calculate Earth's gravitational-wave response, and thereby turn a network of sensors that so far has served to improve our understanding of Earth, into an astrophysical observatory exploring our Universe. In this article, we constrain the energy density of gravitational waves to values in the range 0.035 - 0.15 normalized by the critical energy density of the Universe at frequencies between 0.3mHz and 5mHz, using 10 years of data from the gravimeter network of the Global Geodynamics Project that continuously monitors Earth's oscillations. This work is the first step towards a systematic investigation of the sensitivity of gravimeter networks to gravitational waves. Further advance in gravimeter technology could improve sensitivity of these networks and possibly lead to gravitational-wave detection.

Michael Coughlin; Jan Harms

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

432

Research on Monitoring Wear of Piston Ring Based on Magneto-Resistive Sensor for Marine Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of monitoring the wear of piston ring with a magneto-resistive sensor for a marine diesel engine is presented in the paper. The magnetic field intensity variations caused by both the wear and the motion of piston ring are analyzed by simulation. ... Keywords: Magnetic Field Intensity, Wear of Piston Ring, Magneto-Resistive Sensor, Marine Ddiesel Engine

Zhang-ming Peng; Jian-guo Yang; Qiao-ying Huang; Yong-hua Yu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Effect of time-dependent piston velocity program on vortex ring formation in a piston/cylinder arrangement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of time-dependent piston velocity program on vortex ring formation in a piston An analytical model describing laminar vortex ring formation in a nozzle flow generator piston/ cylinder.1063/1.2188918 I. INTRODUCTION Vortex rings are usually generated in the laboratory by the motion of a piston

Dabiri, John O.

434

SUMMARY ON TITANIUM NITRIDE COATING OF SNS RING VACUUM CHAMBERS.  

SciTech Connect

The inner surfaces of the 248 m Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) accumulator ring vacuum chambers are coated with {approx}100nm of titanium nitride (TiN) to reduce the secondary electron yield (SEY) of the chamber walls. There are approximately 135 chambers and kicker modules, some up to 5m in length and 36cm in diameter, coated with TiN. The coating is deposited by means of reactive DC magnetron sputtering -using a - cylindrical cathode with internal permanent magnets. This cathode configuration generates a deposition-rate sufficient to meet the required production schedule and produces stoichiometric films with good adhesion, low SEY and acceptable outgassing. Moreover, the cathode magnet configuration allows for simple changes in length and has been adapted to coat the wide variety of chambers and components contained within the arcs, injection, extraction, collimation and RF straight sections. Chamber types and quantities as well as the cathode configurations are presented herein. The unique coating requirements of the injection kicker ceramic chambers and the extraction kicker ferrite surface will be emphasized. A brief summary of the salient coating properties is given including the interdependence of SEY as a function of surface roughness and its effect on outgassing.

TODD, R.; HE, P.; HSEUH, H.C.; WEISS, D.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

435

Machine studies at the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring  

SciTech Connect

Results from recent machine development studies at the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring (PSR) are presented on the origin of the ``first-turn`` losses, the PSR instability, and volume H{sup {minus}} ion source development. An experiment has been performed to measure the production of excited states of H{sup 0} when 800-MeV H{sup {minus}} ions impinge upon thin (70--300 {mu}g/cm{sup 2}) carbon foils. Preliminary results indicate yields of about 0.5% each for the n = 3 and n = 4 states. Much evidence has been accumulated supporting the hypothesis that the PSR instability is caused by coupled e-p oscillations, but a truly definitive and unambiguous test has not yet been performed. Plans for such a test include installation of hardware to suppress the most copious sources of electrons and experiments to measure the quantity of proton beam in the interbunch gap. Good progress is being made to test and evaluate two promising designs for a new high-intensity, high-brightness volume H{sup {minus}} ion source and on fast chopping of the beam by pulsing the plasma electrode.

Macek, R.J.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Knotted globular ring polymers: how topology affects statistics and thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The statistical mechanics of a long knotted collapsed polymer is determined by a free-energy with a knot-dependent subleading term, which is linked to the length of the shortest polymer that can hold such knot. The only other parameter depending on the knot kind is an amplitude such that relative probabilities of knots do not vary with the temperature $T$, in the limit of long chains. We arrive at this conclusion by simulating interacting self-avoiding rings at low $T$ on the cubic lattice, both with unrestricted topology and with setups where the globule is divided by a slip link in two loops (preserving their topology) which compete for the chain length, either in contact or separated by a wall as for translocation through a membrane pore. These findings suggest that in macromolecular environments there may be entropic forces with a purely topological origin, whence portions of polymers holding complex knots should tend to expand at the expense of significantly shrinking other topologically simpler portions.

Marco Baiesi; Enzo Orlandini; Attilio L. Stella

2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

437

Interferometric results from the Boeing grazing incidence FEL ring resonator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Boeing HAP (High Average Power) experiment was reconfigured throughout 1989–1990 to incorporate a grazing incidence, 133 m round-trip ring resonator. Initial spectra, mode stability, coherence length, and interferometric wavefront quality measurements have been taken. This paper reports on the optical measurement techniques and data used to characterize the resonator optical output as having an optical path difference (OPD) of 2.0 to 2.5 optical wavelengths. A basic data-reduction methodology and analysis supporting the subtraction of effects caused by the 7 × beam reducer, fold mirrors, and the radial shear interferometer itself Noteworthy observations, such as the ability to overlay interferometric fringe data over the length of a macropulse (? 180 micropulses) without destroying the fringe visibility, and the occurrence of centrally localized (? 30% of the diameter) disturbances of the fringe pattern are also discussed. Coherence length measurements, made using the interferometer, showed the coherence length to be between 64 and 120 ?m. Attempts to measure the micropulse-to-micropulse mode stability were made and are discussed as well.

D.A. Byrd; S.C. Bender; E.L. Miller; D.H. Dowell

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Storage ring lattice calibration using resonant spin depolarization  

This paper presents measurements of the GeV-scale electron beam energy for the storage rings at the synchrotron light source facilities Australian Synchrotron (AS) and SPEAR3 at SLAC. Resonant spin depolarization was employed in the beam energy measurement, since it is presently the highest precision technique and an uncertainty of order 10?6 was achieved at SPEAR3 and AS. Using the resonant depolarization technique, the beam energy was measured at various rf frequencies to measure the linear momentum compaction factor. This measured linear momentum compaction factor was used to evaluate models of the beam trajectory through combined-function bending magnets. The main bending magnets of both lattices are rectangular, horizontally defocusing gradient bending magnets. Four modeling approaches are compared for the beam trajectory through the bending magnet: a circular trajectory, linear and nonlinear hyperbolic cosine trajectories, and numerical evaluation of the trajectory through the measured magnetic field map. Within the uncertainty of the measurement the momentum compaction factor is shown to agree with the numerical model of the trajectory within the bending magnet, and disagree with the hyperbolic cosine approximation.

Wootton, K. P.; Boland, M. J.; Corbett, W. J.; Huang, X.; LeBlanc, G. S.; Lundin, M.; Panopoulos, H. P.; Safranek, J. A.; Tan, Y.-R. E.; Taylor, G. N.; Tian, K.; Rassool, R. P.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

A LATTICE FOR THE 50 GEV MUON COLLIDER RING.  

SciTech Connect

A resent progress report on the lattice design of the 50-50 GeV muon collider is presented. The ring circumference needs to be as small as possible due to the short lifetime of the 50 GeV muons. The background at the detector is affected by the continuous decay of muons into electrons which requires a dipole between the high focusing quadrupoles and the detector. To obtain a luminosity on the order of 1 x 10{sup 33} cm{sup {minus}2} S{sup {minus}1} it is required to have beam intensities on the order of 1 x 10{sup 12} particles per bunch. The rms momentum spread of the beam is equal to 0.12% and the beta functions at the interaction point are equal to 4 cm. The maxima of the betatron functions at these quadrupoles are 1300 m, resulting in large chromaticities which must be corrected by local chromatic correction. Pairs of horizontal and vertical chromatic sextupoles are located at locations where the corresponding betatron functions are 100 m and the values of the horizontal dispersion functions are 3 and 2 m, respectively. They are carefully placed so that most of their nonlinear effects are canceled. The dynamic aperture is larger than 7 times the mean size of the beam for the momentum offsets larger than {minus}6 and +10 sigmas.

TRBOJEVIC,D.

1998-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

440

Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization Print Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization Print Polyketide natural products produced by bacteria and fungi are often characterized by the presence of multiple aromatic rings that are responsible for the activity of polyketides as both beneficial antibiotic and anticancer agents and as dangerous toxic compounds, such as the highly carcinogenic aflatoxins that are produced by fungal species from the Aspergillus family of molds. Polyketide ring formation by fungal enzymes called polyketide synthases (PKSs) is mediated by the enzyme's product template (PT) domain. However, the mechanism for aromatic ring formation from a linear intermediate with high fidelity has remained unclear. To reveal the cyclization mechanism, researchers at the University of California, Irvine, and The Johns Hopkins University solved the structure of the isolated PT domain of the PKS involved in aflatoxin production (PksA) to 1.8 Å using data from ALS Beamline 8.2.2 and SSRL Beamline 9-1. The crystal structure, along with biochemical studies, provides a paradigm for polyketide cyclization by fungal PKSs, an event that is necessary for imparting biological activity to this large class of clinically relevant natural products.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization Print Structure Illuminates Mechanism of Fungal Polyketide Cyclization Print Polyketide natural products produced by bacteria and fungi are often characterized by the presence of multiple aromatic rings that are responsible for the activity of polyketides as both beneficial antibiotic and anticancer agents and as dangerous toxic compounds, such as the highly carcinogenic aflatoxins that are produced by fungal species from the Aspergillus family of molds. Polyketide ring formation by fungal enzymes called polyketide synthases (PKSs) is mediated by the enzyme's product template (PT) domain. However, the mechanism for aromatic ring formation from a linear intermediate with high fidelity has remained unclear. To reveal the cyclization mechanism, researchers at the University of California, Irvine, and The Johns Hopkins University solved the structure of the isolated PT domain of the PKS involved in aflatoxin production (PksA) to 1.8 Å using data from ALS Beamline 8.2.2 and SSRL Beamline 9-1. The crystal structure, along with biochemical studies, provides a paradigm for polyketide cyclization by fungal PKSs, an event that is necessary for imparting biological activity to this large class of clinically relevant natural products.

442

Some considerations regarding very high (and very unequal) tune damping rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A damping ring with very high horizontal tune is analyzed. The dynamic aperture is determined using the tracking program TEAPOT and is found to be marginally satisfactory depending on the required beam emittance reduction factor. Synchrobetatron resonances due to the centrifugal space charge force are analyzed and found to be not serious at the beam current levels suggested in a damping ring design of Palmer. Much of the paper is devoted to re?calculating the properties of such a ring with the results largely corroborating Palmer’s except that an appreciably greater beam emittance is found.

Richard Talman

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Some considerations regarding very high (and very unequal) tune damping rings  

SciTech Connect

A damping ring with very high horizontal tune is analyzed. The dynamic aperture is determined using the tracking program TEAPOT and is found to be marginally satisfactory, depending on the required beam emittance reduction factor. Synchrobetatron resonances due to the centrifugal space charge force are analyzed and found to be not serious at the beam current levels suggested in a damping ring design of Palmer. Much of the paper is devoted to re-calculating the properties of such a ring with the results largely corroborating Palmer's, except that an appreciably greater beam emittance is found.

Talman, R.

1987-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

444

Electron cloud development in the Proton Storage Ring and in the Spallation Neutron Source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have applied our simulation code POSINST to evaluate the contribution to the growth rate of the electron cloud instability in proton storage rings. In particular, we present here recent simulation results for the main features of the electron cloud in the storage ring of the Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge, and updated results for the Proton Storage Ring at Los Alamos. A key ingredient in our model is a detailed description of the secondary electron emission process, including a refined model for the emitted energy spectrum, and for the three main components of the secondary yield, namely, the true secondary, rediffused and backscattered components.

M. T. F. Pivi and M. A. Furman

2003-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

445

Changes in composition and sugar release across the annual rings of Populus wood and implications on recalcitrance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

composition composition and sugar release across the annual rings of Populus wood and implications on recalcitrance Jaclyn D. DeMartini, Charles E. Wyman ⇑ Center for Environmental Research and Technology, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California Riverside, 1084 Columbia Avenue, Riverside, CA 92507, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9 July 2010 Received in revised form 30 August 2010 Accepted 31 August 2010 Available online xxxx Keywords: Pretreatment Enzymatic hydrolysis Biomass recalcitrance Age effects Populus wood a b s t r a c t Understanding structural characteristics that are responsible for biomass recalcitrance by identifying why it is more difficult for some plants, or portions of plants, to release their sugars would be extremely valuable in overcoming this barrier. With this in mind, this study investigated the recalcitrance of wood

446

Cationic phospholipids: structure?transfection activity relationships  

SciTech Connect

Synthetic cationic lipids are presently the most widely used non-viral gene carriers. Examined here is a particularly attractive cationic lipid class, triester phosphatidylcholines (PCs) exhibiting low toxicities and good transfection efficiency. Similarly to other cationic lipids, they form stable complexes (lipoplexes) with the polyanionic nucleic acids. A summary of studies on a set of {approx}30 cationic PCs reveals the existence of a strong, systematic dependence of their transfection efficiency on the lipid hydrocarbon chain structure: transfection activity increases with increase of chain unsaturation from 0 to 2 double bonds per lipid and decreases with increase of chain length in the range {approx}30-50 total number of chain carbon atoms. Maximum transfection was observed for ethyl phosphate PCs (EPCs) with monounsaturated 14:1 chains (total of 2 double bonds and 30 chain carbon atoms). Lipid phase behavior is known to depend strongly on the chain molecular structure and the above relationships thus substantiate a view that cationic PC phase propensities are an important determinant of their activity. Indeed, X-ray structural studies show that the rate of DNA release from lipoplexes as well as transfection activity well correlate with non-lamellar phase progressions observed in cationic PC mixtures with membrane lipids. These findings appear to be of considerable interest because, according to current views, key processes in lipid-mediated transfection such as lipoplex disassembly and DNA release within the cells are believed to take place upon cationic lipid mixing with cellular lipids.

Koynova, Rumiana; Tenchov, Boris; (NWU)

2010-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

447

Kinetics of the inner ring in the exciton emission pattern in coupled GaAs quantum wells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the kinetics of the inner ring in the exciton emission pattern. The formation time of the inner ring following the onset of the laser excitation is found to be about 30 ns. The inner ring is also found to disappear within 4 ns after the laser termination. The latter process is accompanied by a jump in the photoluminescence (PL) intensity. The spatial dependence of the PL jump indicates that the excitons outside of the region of laser excitation, including the inner ring region, are efficiently cooled to the lattice temperature even during the laser excitation. The ring formation and disappearance are explained in terms of exciton transport and cooling.

A. T. Hammack, L. V. Butov, J. Wilkes, L. Mouchliadis, E. A. Muljarov, A. L. Ivanov, and A. C. Gossard

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

448

Longitudinal Instability Studies at the SURF II Storage Ring at NIST  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Longitudinal Instability Studies at the SURF II Storage Ring at NIST Longitudinal Instability Studies at the SURF II Storage Ring at NIST 1 Longitudinal Instability Studies at the SURF II Storage Ring at NIST K. C. Harkay and N. S. Sereno Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory July 27, 1998 Abstract Measurements of the longitudinal instability observed in the storage ring at the Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility (SURF II) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) were performed to understand the mechanism driving the instabil- ity. The instability, studied in depth by Rakowsky and others [1][2], manifests itself in broad resonance features in the horizontal and vertical motion spectrum of the synchrotron light from DC to a few kHz [3]. Also observed are multiple synchrotron harmonics that modulate the revolution harmonics; these are characteristic of longitudinal phase oscilla-

449

A Cycle Augmentation Algorithm for Minimum Cost Multicommodity Flows on a Ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Cycle Augmentation Algorithm for Minimum Cost Multicommodity Flows on a Ring Bruce Shepherd bshep of Ford and Fulkerson [5]. We mention that a similar state of affairs held for generalized

Shepherd, Bruce

450

Forced Response Analysis of Integrally Bladed Disks with Friction Ring Dampers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is proposed. In numerical applications, a representative compressor blisk featuring several rings the wheel of blisks. These are held in contact with the blisk due to centrifugal loads and friction

Boyer, Edmond

451

A 431-Yr Reconstruction of Western Colorado Snowpack from Tree Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A tree-ring-based reconstruction for 1 April snow water equivalent (SWE) is generated for the Gunnison River basin region in western Colorado. The reconstruction explains 63% of the variance in the instrumental record and extends from 1569 to ...

Connie A. Woodhouse

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Non-sphragistic Uses of Minoan-Mycenaean Sealstones and Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A survey of the uses of Minoan-Mycenaean sealstones and finger rings, apart from their use as administrative objects. This includes: the significance of stringhole orientation, how seals were worn, their use as votive ...

Younger, John G.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

E-Print Network 3.0 - adjustable microchip ring Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DS21483B-page 1 TC940094019402 Summary: : 33-1-69-53-63-20 Fax: 33-1-69-30-90-79 Germany Microchip Technology GmbH Gustav-Heinemann Ring 125 D... 2002 Microchip Technology...

454

E-Print Network 3.0 - anka storage ring Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Synchrotron and the Berkeley Lab Connection By Alan Jackson Summary: Huttel (ANKA, Germany). The goal of the group was to finalize the deign of the storage ring so that all......

455

Symmetry Properties of the Ring Heisenberg Hamiltonian and New Sum Rule for Its Energy Eigenvalues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Physical Problem (1969) New York and London: Academic Press...Mechanics of Atomic Spectra (1959) New York and London: Academic Press...Ring Heisenberg Hamiltonian and New Sum Rule for Its Energy Eigenvalues Katsuhiko FUJII Okayama......

Katsuhiko Fujii

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Performance Evaluation of the Slotted Ring Multiprocessor Luiz Andr Barroso and Michel Dubois  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Performance Evaluation of the Slotted Ring Multiprocessor Luiz André Barroso and Michel Dubois-2562 (213) 740-9130 barroso@paris.usc.edu dubois@paris.usc.edu Abstract: As microprocessor speeds continue

Barroso, Luiz André

457

Separation of Warm-Core Rings in the Gulf of Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The separation of anticyclonic rings is studied using a 12-level primitive equation numerical model of the western North Atlantic. The “Gulf Stream Formation Region” model is based on the Bryan-Cox-Semtner code, and uses ¼ degree horizontal ...

W. Sturges; J. C. Evans; S. Welsh; W. Holland

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Laser surface hardening of gray cast iron used for piston ring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The process parameters for laser surface-hardening has been experimentally established for improving the wear life of piston rings used for marine diesel engines by the formation of a ... value, hardening depth, ...

Jong-Hyun Hwang; Dae-Young Kim…

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Effect of hardness of the piston ring coating on the wear characteristics of rubbing surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In marine engines, the wear between the piston-ring face and the ... performance. This study investigates the characteristics of wear arising between both hard and soft piston- ... on-Disk (POD) testing machine c...

Jeong Hwan Jang; Byeong Don Joo; Jae Ho Lee…

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Tribological behavior of plasma spray coatings for marine diesel engine piston ring and cylinder liner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-temperature wear characteristics between plasma spray coated piston rings and cylinder liners were investigated to find the optimum combination of coating materials using the disc-on-plate reciprocating w...

Jong-Hyun Hwang; Myoung-Seoup Han…

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Multi-Loop-Ring-Oscillator Design and Analysis for Sub-Micron CMOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ring oscillators provide a central role in timing circuits for today?s mobile devices and desktop computers. Increased integration in these devices exacerbates switching noise on the supply, necessitating improved supply resilience. Furthermore...

Pankratz, Erik

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

462

Analysis, modeling and simulation of ring resonators and their applications to filters and oscillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with good agreement. This simple equivalent circuit model provides a useful method to design and understand this type of filters and other relative circuits.Finally, a tunable feedback ring resonator oscillator using a voltage controlled piezoelectric...

Hsieh, Lung-Hwa

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

Field Testing of Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy Analyzers Measuring Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prevalent methods for making high-accuracy tower-based measurements of the CO2 mixing ratio, notably nondispersive infrared spectroscopy (NDIR), require frequent system calibration and sample drying. Wavelength-scanned cavity ring-down ...

Scott J. Richardson; Natasha L. Miles; Kenneth J. Davis; Eric R. Crosson; Chris W. Rella; Arlyn E. Andrews

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

E-Print Network 3.0 - active ringing suppression Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

189 (2007) 493522 www.elsevier.comlocateicarus Summary: in Saturn's rings Richard G. French a, , Heikki Salo b , Colleen A. McGhee a , Luke Dones c a Astronomy... variations in...

465

Efficient Linkable and/or Threshold Ring Signature Without Random Oracles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......anonymous membership authentication for ad hoc groups [11], non-interactive deniable ring authentication [12], smart grid systems [13], perfect concurrent signature [14] and multi-designated verifier signature [15]. A `regular......

Tsz Hon Yuen; Joseph K. Liu; Man Ho Au; Willy Susilo; Jianying Zhou

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Investigation into electron cloud effects in the International Linear Collider positron damping ring  

SciTech Connect

We report modeling results for electron cloud buildup and instability in the International Linear Collider positron damping ring. Updated optics, wiggler magnets, and vacuum chamber designs have recently been developed for the 5 GeV, 3.2-km racetrack layout. An analysis of the synchrotron radiation profile around the ring has been performed, including the effects of diffuse and specular photon scattering on the interior surfaces of the vacuum chamber. The results provide input to the cloud buildup simulations for the various magnetic field regions of the ring. The modeled cloud densities thus obtained are used in the instability threshold calculations. We conclude that the mitigation techniques employed in this model will suffice to allow operation of the damping ring at the design operational specifications

Crittenden, J.A.; Conway, J.; Dugan, G.F.; Palmer, M.A.; Rubin, D.L.; Shanks, J.; Sonnad, K.G.; Boon, L.; Harkay, K.; Ishibashi, T.; Furman, M.A.; Guiducci, S.; Pivi, M.T.F.; Wang, L.; Crittenden, J.A.; Conway, J.; Dugan, G.F.; Palmer, M.A.; Rubin, D.L.; Shanks, J.; Sonnad, K.G.; Boon, L.; Harkay, K.; Ishibashi, T.; Furman, M.A.; Guiducci, S.; Pivi, M.T.F.; Wang, L.

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

467

Large-Scale Precipitation Variability over Northwest China Inferred from Tree Rings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A preliminary study of a point-by-point spatial precipitation reconstruction for northwestern (NW) China is explored, based on a tree-ring network of 132 chronologies. Precipitation variations during the past ~200–400 yr (the common reconstruction ...

Keyan Fang; Xiaohua Gou; Fahu Chen; Edward Cook; Jinbao Li; Brendan Buckley; Rosanne D’Arrigo

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Drought Recurrence in the Great Plains as Reconstructedfrom Long-Term Tree-Ring Records  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently collected tree-ring data were used to reconstruct drought from 1700 to the present in four regionsflanking the Great Plains. Regions were centered in Iowa, Oklahoma, eastern Montana and eastern Wyoming.Reconstructions derived by multiple ...

Charles W. Stockton; David M. Meko

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Modeling Relativistic Muons in Electromagnetic Storage Rings via Object Oriented Techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.4 Integrator Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.5 The Numerical Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.6 Documentation-conducting magnet which is used as a muon storage ring. Since it is impossible to control the momentum and location

Oliva, Aude

470

Aging of Weapon Seals – An Update on Butyl O-ring Issues  

SciTech Connect

During testing under the Enhanced Surveillance Campaign in 2001, preliminary data detected a previously unknown and potentially serious concern with recently procured butyl o-rings on several programs. All butyl o-rings molded from a proprietary formulation throughout the period circa 1999 through 2001 had less than a full cure. Engineering judgment was that under curing is detrimental and could possibly lead to sub-optimum performance or, in the worst case, premature seal failure. An aging study was undertaken to ensure that suspect o-rings installed in the stockpile will retain sufficient sealing force for a minimum ten-year service life. A new prediction model developed for this study indicates suspect o-rings do not need to be replaced before the ten-year service life. Long-term testing results are reported on a yearly basis to validate the prediction model. This report documents the aging results for the period September 2002 to January 2011.

Wilson, Mark H.

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

471

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual growth rings Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: annual growth rings Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 D Smith and D b d s , Univemily of Victorfa, V'ictoriq I@ XKn Ekevier B.V. All rightsr w w d ....

472

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual tree rings Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Sample search results for: annual tree rings Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 D Smith and D b d s , Univemily of Victorfa, V'ictoriq I@ XKn Ekevier B.V. All rightsr w w d ....

473

E-Print Network 3.0 - accumulator ring par Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Cell Polarity by the C. elegans RING Protein PAR-2 Yingsong Hao,1,3 Lynn Boyd,2 and Geraldine... the anterior cortex by PKC-3-dependent ... Source: Seydoux,...

474

E-Print Network 3.0 - article attachment rings Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

27 Abstract--The sectioned otoliths of four fish species from a tropical demer Summary: (index of completion) was used to de termine the periodicity of growth-ring formation. This...

475

A Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico Details Activities (4) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: Spectral ratios of teleseismic direct and scattered P waves observed in the Valles Caldera, New Mexico, show a systematic pattern of low amplitudes at sites inside the caldera relative to sites on or outside the ring fracture. Waveforms recorded at caldera stations are considerably more complex than those recorded outside the caldera. The data used in this study were collected during a passive seismic monitoring experiment conducted in 1987. Twenty-four teleseismic events were recorded on two

476

Two Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring Two Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring August 17, 2011 - 4:26pm Addthis Two scientists got engaged in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York. | Video from The Daily Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science The work of the Energy Department has led to many scientific and technological breakthroughs. Today, we're highlighting a different kind of breakthrough - the engagement of two former Office of Science interns, who recently celebrated 'the nerdiest engagement ever' at a great golden ring. Dave Mosher and Kendra Snyder were both interns at the Energy Department's Fermilab, a high-energy physics center located close to Chicago, although

477

Nuclear structure and reactions with stored nuclei  

SciTech Connect

The use of ion-storage rings is discussed for studies of nuclear reactions and structure, with emphasis on energetic beams of short- lived, radioactive nuclei. Aspects of internal versus external luminosity are considered as well as other issues connected with the inverse kinematics of reactions induced by a circulating beam of complex nuclei. Some of the physics motivation that is driving studies with radioactive beams is described.

Henning, W.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

478

Nucleon self-energy in relativistic nuclear matter with pion ring series  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nucleon self-energies from the pion-ring series are studied in the relativistic mean-field theory of linear ? model with the ? meson and the ?. Near the Fermi surface of nuclear matter, the pion rings generate attractive scalar and vector potentials of 10–15 % of the nucleon mass. These strongly energy-dependent potentials cause the nucleons to have a significant probability to be in a collective N-hole or ?-hole configuration.

Hong Jung and Gerald A. Miller

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Fabrication of optoelectronic microwave linear and ring resonators on a gallium arsenide substrate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FABRICATION OF OPTOELECTRONIC MICROWAVE LINEAR AND RING RESONATORS ON A GALLIUM ARSENIDE SUBSTRATE A Thesis by CHUN-LIANG YEH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering FABRICATION OF OPTOELECTRONIC MICROWAVE LINEAR AND RING RESONATORS ON A GALLIUM ARSENIDE SUBSTRATE A Thesis by CHUN-LIANG YEH Approved as to style and content by: Mark...

Yeh, Chun-Liang

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

SELF CALIBRATED STMR ARRAY FOR MATERIAL CHARACTERIZATION AND SHM OF ORTHOTROPIC PLATE-LIKE STRUCTURES  

SciTech Connect

A full ring STMR array patch had been used for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of anisotropic materials where the elastic moduli, correspond to the virgin sample, were used in the calculations. In the present work an in-situ SHM has been successfully demonstrated using a novel compact sensor patch (Double ring single quadrant small footprint STMR array) through simultaneous reconstruction of the elastic moduli, material symmetry, orientation of principal planes and defect imaging. The direct received signals were used to measure Lamb wave velocities, which were used in a slowness based reconstructed algorithm using Genetic Algorithm to reconstruct the elastic moduli, material symmetry and orientation of principal planes. The measured signals along with the reconstructed elastic moduli were used in the phased addition algorithm for imaging the damages present on the structure. To show the applicability of the method, simulations were carried out with the double ring single quadrant STMR array configuration to image defects and are compared with the images obtained using simulation data of the full ring STMR array configuration. The experimental validation has been carried out using 3.15 mm quasi-isotropic graphite-epoxy composite. The double ring single quadrant STMR array has advantages over the full ring STMR array as it can carry out in-situ SHM with limited footprint on the structure.

Vishnuvardhan, J.; Muralidharan, Ajith; Balasubramaniam, Krishnan [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai (India); Krishnamurthy, C. V. [Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai (India)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unsaturated ring structures" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

NINTH INTERIM STATUS REPORT: MODEL 9975 PCV O-RING FIXTURE LONG-TERM LEAK PERFORMANCE  

SciTech Connect

A series of experiments to monitor the aging performance of Viton® GLT O-rings used in the Model 9975 package has been ongoing since 2004 at the Savannah River National Laboratory. One approach has been to periodically evaluate the leak performance of O-rings being aged in mock-up 9975 Primary Containment Vessels (PCVs) at elevated temperatures. Other methods such as compression-stress relaxation (CSR) tests and field surveillance are also on-going to evaluate O-ring behavior. Seventy tests using PCV mock-ups were assembled and heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 450 ºF. They were leak-tested initially and have been tested periodically to determine if they continue to meet the leak-tightness criterion defined in ANSI standard N14.5-97. Due to material substitution, fourteen additional tests were initiated in 2008 with GLT-S O-rings heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 400 ºF. High temperature aging continues for 23 GLT O-ring fixtures at 200 – 270 ºF. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 350 ºF and higher temperatures, and in 8 fixtures aging at 300 ºF. The earliest 300 °F GLT O-ring fixture failure was observed at 34 months. The remaining GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 300 ºF have been retired from testing following more than 5 years at temperature without failure. No failures have yet been observed in GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 200 ºF for 72 - 96 months, which bounds O-ring temperatures anticipated during storage in K-Area Complex (KAC). Based on expectations that the 200 ºF fixtures will remain leak-tight for a significant period yet to come, 2 additional fixtures began aging in 2011 at 270 ºF, with hopes that they may reach a failure condition before the 200 ºF fixtures, thus providing additional time to failure data. High temperature aging continues for 6 GLT-S O-ring fixtures at 200 – 300 ºF. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all 8 of the GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 350 and 400 ºF. No failures have yet been observed in GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 200 - 300 ºF for 54 - 57 months. No additional O-ring failures have been observed since the last interim report was issued. Aging and periodic leak testing will continue for the remaining PCV fixtures. Additional irradiation of several fixtures is recommended to maintain a balance between thermal and radiation exposures similar to that experienced in storage, and to show the degree of consistency of radiation response between GLT and GLT-S O-rings.

Daugherty, W.

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

482

Experimental synchronization of chaos in a large ring of mutually coupled single-transistor oscillators: Phase, amplitude, and clustering effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper experimental evidence of multiple synchronization phenomena in a large (n?=?30) ring of chaotic oscillators is presented. Each node consists of an elementary circuit generating spikes of irregular amplitude and comprising one bipolar junction transistor one capacitor two inductors and one biasing resistor. The nodes are mutually coupled to their neighbours via additional variable resistors. As coupling resistance is decreased phase synchronization followed by complete synchronization is observed and onset of synchronization is associated with partial synchronization i.e. emergence of communities (clusters). While component tolerances affect community structure the general synchronization properties are maintained across three prototypes and in numerical simulations. The clusters are destroyed by adding long distance connections with distant notes but are otherwise relatively stable with respect to structural connectivity changes. The study provides evidence that several fundamental synchronization phenomena can be reliably observed in a network of elementary single-transistor oscillators demonstrating their generative potential and opening way to potential applications of this undemanding setup in experimental modelling of the relationship between network structure synchronization and dynamical properties.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

A CAVITY RING-DOWN SPECTROSCOPY MERCURY CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITOR  

SciTech Connect

The construction of the sampling system was completed during the past quarter. The sampling system has been built on a 3 feet x 4 feet x 2 inch breadboard table. The laser system, all the associated optics, and the mounts and hardware needed to couple the UV light into the fiber optic have also been condensed and placed on an identical 3 feet x 4 feet x 2 inch breadboard table. This reduces the footprint of each system for ease of operation at a field test facility. The two systems are only connected with a fiber optic, to bring the UV light to the CRD cavity, and a single coaxial cable used to apply a voltage to the diode seed laser to scan the frequency over the desired mercury transition. SRD software engineers applied a couple of software fixes to correct the problems of the diode seed laser drifting or mode hopping. Upon successful completion of the software fixes another long-term test was conducted. A nearly 3 day long, 24 hours/day, test was run to test out the new subroutines. Everything appeared to work as it should and the mercury concentrations were accurately reported for the entire test, with the exception of a small interval of time when the intensity of the UV light dropped low enough that the program was no longer triggering properly. After adjusting the power of the laser the program returned to proper operation. With the successful completion of a relatively long test SRD software engineer incorporated the new subroutine into an entirely new program. This program operates the CRD instrument automatically as a continuous emissions monitor for mercury. In addition the program also reports the concentration of SO{sub 2} determined in the sample flue gas stream. Various functions, operation of, and a description of the new program have been included with this report. This report concludes the technical work associated with Phase II of the Cavity Ring-Down project for the continuous detection of trace levels of mercury. The project is presently gearing up for additional testing in preparation for a field test to be conducted at the DOE/NETL pilot plant facility in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Christopher C. Carter

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

484

Some challenges in design and construction of the Draugen gravity base structures  

SciTech Connect

The paper gives a general description of the Concrete Gravity Base Structure (GBS) for the Draugen platform installed by Norwegian Contractors a.s. The GBS was installed at the Haltenbank area on the Norwegian continental shelf in May 1993 for A/S Norske Shell. Further, the paper describes the following challenging aspects encountered during the design and construction: design for high frequency response to wave loading, so called ringing, discovered during construction of the GBS; impact of the ringing effect discovery on the construction schedule; design to prevent delamination of concrete structural elements; modifications to prevent damages on pipe work caused by deformations of the concrete structure.

Sandvik, K.; Karal, K. [Norwegian Contractors A.S., Stabekk (Norway)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

485

Structural studies of the bacteriophage lambda holin and M. tuberculosis secA translocase  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Although it has been shown that S oligomerizes in the membrane, the structural nature of this complex has not been elucidated. In this study the S holin was purified using a mild non-ionic detergent and the structure of a ring complex formed by the holin...

Savva, George Christos

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

SIXTH INTERIM STATUS REPORT: MODEL 9975 PCV O-RING FIXTURE LONG-TERM LEAK PERFORMANCE  

SciTech Connect

A series of experiments to monitor the aging performance of Viton{reg_sign} GLT O-rings used in the Model 9975 package has been ongoing for seven years at the Savannah River National Laboratory. Seventy tests using mock-ups of 9975 Primary Containment Vessels (PCVs) were assembled and heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 450 F. They were leak-tested initially and have been tested periodically to determine if they meet the criterion of leak-tightness defined in ANSI standard N14.5-97. Fourteen additional tests were initiated in 2008 with GLT-S O-rings heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 400 F. High temperature aging continues for 33 GLT O-ring fixtures at 200-300 F. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 350 F and higher temperatures, and in 7 fixtures aging at 300 F. No failures have yet been observed in GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 200 F for 41-60 months, which is still bounding to O-ring temperatures during storage in K-Area Complex (KAC). Based on expectations that the fixtures aging at 200 F will remain leak-tight for a significant period yet to come, 2 additional fixtures began aging within the past year at an intermediate temperature of 270 F, with hopes that they may leak before the 200 F fixtures. High temperature aging continues for 6 GLT-S O-ring fixtures at 200-300 F. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all 8 of the GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 350 and 400 F. No failures have yet been observed in GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 200-300 F for up to 26 months. For O-ring fixtures that have failed the room temperature leak test and been disassembled, the Orings displayed a compression set ranging from 51-96%. This is greater than seen to date for packages inspected during KAC field surveillance (24% average). For GLT O-rings, separate service life estimates have been made based on the O-ring fixture leak test data and based on compression stress relaxation (CSR) data. These two predictive models show reasonable agreement at higher temperatures (350-400 F). However, at 300 F, the room temperature leak test failures to date experienced longer aging times than predicted by the CSR-based model. This suggests that extrapolations of the CSR model predictions to temperatures below 300 F will provide a conservative prediction of service life relative to the leak rate criterion. Leak test failure data at lower temperatures are needed to verify this apparent trend. Insufficient failure data exist currently to perform a similar comparison for GLT-S O-rings. Aging and periodic leak testing will continue for the remaining fixtures.

Daugherty, W.

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

487

Structural design of double hull tankers  

SciTech Connect

After a brief introduction of structural design procedure for double hull tankers, their design features are firstly highlighted comparing with conventional single hull tankers. Next discussed are recent topics of double hull VLCC (Very Large Crude oil Carrier) including higher tensile steel and strut arrangement in transverse ring frames. Finally ultimate longitudinal strength of hull girder is analyzed through a simplified method under both sagging and hogging conditions. Making use of this result, some considerations are made on structural reliability of double hull VLCC.

Niho, O.; Yanagibayashi, S.; Akashi, T. [Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

Interactions of Jet Fuels with Nitrile O-Rings: Petroleum-Derived versus Synthetic Fuels  

SciTech Connect

A transition from petroleum-derived jet fuels to blends with Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) fuels, and ultimately fully synthetic hydro-isomerized F-T fuels has raised concern about the fate of plasticizers in nitrile-butadiene rubber o-rings that are contacted by the fuels as this transition occurs. The partitioning of plasticizers and fuel molecules between nitrile o-rings and petroleum-derived, synthetic, and additized-synthetic jet fuels has been measured. Thermal desorption of o-rings soaked in the various jet fuels followed by gas chromatographic analysis with a mass spectrometric detector showed many of the plasticizer and stabilizer compounds were removed from the o-rings regardless of the contact fuel. Fuel molecules were observed to migrate into the o-rings for the petroleum-derived fuel as did both the fuel and additive for a synthetic F-T jet fuel additized with benzyl alcohol, but less for the unadditized synthetic fuel. The specific compounds or classes of compounds involved in the partitioning were identified and a semiquantitative comparison of relative partitioning of the compounds of interest was made. The results provide another step forward in improving the confidence level of using additized, fuIly synthetic jet fuel in the place of petroleum-derived fueL

Gormley, R.J.; Link, D.D.; Baltrus, J.P.; Zandhuis, P.H.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Interactions of Jet Fuels with Nitrile O-Rings: Petroleum-Derived versus Synthetic Fuels  

SciTech Connect

A transition from petroleum-derived jet fuels to blends with Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) fuels, and ultimately fully synthetic hydro-isomerized F-T fuels has raised concern about the fate of plasticizers in nitrile-butadiene rubber a-rings that are contacted by the fuels as this transition occurs. The partitioning of plasticizers and fuel molecules between nitrile a-rings and petroleum-derived, synthetic, and additized-synthetic jet fuels has been measured. Thermal desorption of o-rings soaked in the various jet fuels followed by gas chromatographic analysis with a mass spectrometric detector showed many of the plasticizer and stabilizer compounds were removed from the o-rings regardless of the contact fuel. Fuel molecules were observed to migrate into the o-rings for the petroleum-derived fuel as did both the fuel and additive for a synthetic F-T jet fuel additized with benzyl alcohol, but less for the unadditized synthetic fuel. The specific compounds or classes of compounds involved in the partitioning were identified and a semiquantitative comparison of relative partitioning of the compounds of interest was made. The results provide another step forward in improving the confidence level of using additized, fully synthetic jet fuel in the place of petroleum-derived fuel.

Gormley, R.J.; Link, D.D.; Baltrus, J.P.; Zandhuis, P.H.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Nozzle and shroud assembly mounting structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present nozzle and shroud assembly mounting structure configuration increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress between the mounting structure having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion and the nozzle and shroud assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being less than that of the mounting structure. The mounting structure includes an outer sealing portion forming a cradling member in which an annular ring member is slidably positioned. The mounting structure further includes an inner mounting portion to which a hooked end of the nozzle and shroud assembly is attached. As the inner mounting portion expands and contracts, the nozzle and shroud assembly slidably moves within the outer sealing portion.

Faulder, Leslie J. (San Diego, CA); Frey, deceased, Gary A. (late of Seattle, WA); Nielsen, Engward W. (El Cajon, CA); Ridler, Kenneth J. (San Diego, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Nozzle and shroud assembly mounting structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present nozzle and shroud assembly mounting structure configuration increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress between the mounting structure having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion and the nozzle and shroud assembly having a preestablished rate of thermal expansion being less than that of the mounting structure. The mounting structure includes an outer sealing portion forming a cradling member in which an annular ring member is slidably positioned. The mounting structure further includes an inner mounting portion to which a hooked end of the nozzle and shroud assembly is attached. As the inner mounting portion expands and contracts, the nozzle and shroud assembly slidably moves within the outer sealing portion. 3 figs.

Faulder, L.J.; Frey, G.A.; Nielsen, E.W.; Ridler, K.J.

1997-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

492

A Tree-Ring Reconstruction of the Salinity Gradient in the Northern Estuary of San Francisco Bay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ring Reconstruction of the Salinity Gradient in the Northernof the seasonal salinity gradient, or low salinity zone (the longitudinal salinity gradient in the northern estuary (

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

int. j. remote sensing, 2000, vol. 21, no. 11, 23292336 Correlation between maximum latewood density of annual tree rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. MALMSTROM2, G. C. JACOBY1, S. O. LOS3 and D. E. BUNKER1 1Tree Ring Laboratory, Lamont-Doherty Earth

Bunker, Daniel E.

494

ESTIMATION OF TOTAL RADIATIVE POWER FROM THE 6-GEV RING LS-24  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TOTAL RADIATIVE POWER TOTAL RADIATIVE POWER FROM THE 6-GEV RING LS-24 G. K. Shenoy APRIL 18,1985 Here we make an estimation of the total power radiated from a positron trajectory through the bending magnets, undulators and wigglers. Bending Magnets The power P B per each bending magnet in the ring is given by (1) where E = 6 GeV B = field average over the magnet length = 0.67 T I = stored current = 0.1 A L = trajectory in each dipole magnet = 2.95 m (Ref. LS-12) This gives P B = 6021 watts. Since there are 64 such dipoles in the ring, the total power radiated from dipoles is T P B (watts) = P B (watts) x 64 = 385 kwatts 2 Undulators The total power radiated from a sinosoidal undulator is either given by P u (watts) (2) or by (3) where N = number of undulator periods of length AO (em), K is the deflection

495

CRYOGENIC AND VACUUM TECHNOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE LOW-ENERGY ELECTROSTATIC CRYOGENIC STORAGE RING  

SciTech Connect

The cryogenic and vacuum concepts for the electrostatic Cryogenic ion Storage Ring (CSR), under construction at the Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik in Heidelberg, is presented. The ring will operate in a broad temperature range from 2 to 300 K and is required to be bakeable up to 600 K. Extremely high vacuum and low temperatures are necessary to achieve long lifetimes of the molecular ions stored in the ring so that the ions will have enough time to cool by radiation to their vibrational and rotational ground states. To test cryogenic and vacuum technological aspects of the CSR, a prototype is being built and will be connected to the commercial cryogenic refrigerator recently installed, including a specialized 2-K connection system. The first results and the status of current work with the prototype are also presented.

Orlov, D. A.; Lange, M.; Froese, M.; Hahn, R. von; Grieser, M.; Mallinger, V.; Sieber, T.; Weber, T.; Wolf, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg, 69029 Germany (Germany); Rappaport, M. [Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

2008-03-16T23:59:59.000Z