S. Pireaux
2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
The LISA mission is a space interferometer aiming at the detection of gravitational waves in the [$10^{-4}$,$10^{-1}$] Hz frequency band. In order to reach the gravitational wave detection level, a Time Delay Interferometry (TDI) method must be applied to get rid of (most of) the laser frequency noise and optical bench noise. This TDI analysis is carried out in terms of the coordinate time corresponding to the Barycentric Coordinate Reference System (BCRS), TCB, whereas the data at each of the three LISA stations is recorded in terms of each station proper time. We provide here the required proper time versus BCRS time transformation. We show that the difference in rate of station proper time versus TCB is of the order of $5 10^{-8}$. The difference between station proper times and TCB exhibits an oscillatory trend with a maximum amplitude of about $10^{-3}$ s.
Time Scales in Spectator Fragmentation
C. Schwarz; for the ALADIN collaboration
2000-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
Proton-proton correlations and correlations of p-alpha, d-alpha, and t-alpha from spectator decays following Au + Au collisions at 1000 AMeV have been measured with an highly efficient detector hodoscope. The constructed correlation functions indicate a moderate expansion and low breakup densities similar to assumptions made in statistical multifragmentation models. In agreement with a volume breakup rather short time scales were deduced employing directional cuts in proton-proton correlations. PACS numbers: 25.70.Pq, 21.65.+f, 25.70.Mn
Halanay type inequalities on time scales
Ad\\ivar, Murat
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper aims to introduce Halanay type inequalities on time scales. By means of these inequalities we derive new global stability conditions for nonlinear dynamic equations on time scales. Giving several examples we show that beside generalization and extension to q-difference case, our results also provide improvements for the existing theory regarding differential and difference inequalites, which are the most important particular cases of dynamic inequalities on time scales.
Time scales in nuclear giant resonances
WD Heiss; RG Nazmitdinov; FD Smit
2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a general approach to characterise fluctuations of measured cross sections of nuclear giant resonances. Simulated cross sections are obtained from a particular, yet representative self-energy which contains all information about fragmentations. Using a wavelet analysis, we demonstrate the extraction of time scales of cascading decays into configurations of different complexity of the resonance. We argue that the spreading widths of collective excitations in nuclei are determined by the number of fragmentations as seen in the power spectrum. An analytic treatment of the wavelet analysis using a Fourier expansion of the cross section confirms this principle. A simple rule for the relative life times of states associated with hierarchies of different complexity is given.
Time scales in nuclear giant resonances
Heiss, W. D. [National Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study, and Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Stellenbosch, 7602 Matieland (South Africa); Nazmitdinov, R. G. [Department de Fisica, Universitat de les Illes Balears, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca (Spain); Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, RU-141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Smit, F. D. [iThemba LABS, Post Office Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa)
2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a general approach to characterise fluctuations of measured cross sections of nuclear giant resonances. Simulated cross sections are obtained from a particular, yet representative, self-energy that contains all information about fragmentations. Using a wavelet analysis, we demonstrate the extraction of time scales of cascading decays into configurations of different complexity of the resonance. We argue that the spreading widths of collective excitations in nuclei are determined by the number of fragmentations as seen in the power spectrum. An analytic treatment of the wavelet analysis using a Fourier expansion of the cross section confirms this principle. A simple rule for the relative lifetimes of states associated with hierarchies of different complexity is given.
Simple time-variant filtering by operator scaling
Park, Choon Byong; Black, Ross A.
1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
A convolutional method of time?variant, band?pass filtering presented shows that a change of filter cutoff frequencies with time is achieved by frequency scaling the amplitude spectrum of a reference operator. According to the scaling property...
Observation time scale, free-energy landscapes, and molecular symmetry
Salamon, Peter
Observation time scale, free-energy landscapes, and molecular symmetry David J. Walesa,1 and Peter structures that interconvert on a given time scale are lumped together, the corresponding free-energy surface that are connected by free-energy barriers below a certain threshold. We illustrate this time dependence for some
Unprecedented detail of intact neuronal receptor offers blueprint...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Argonne, Ill.- Scientists succeeded in obtaining an unprecedented view of a type of brain-cell receptor that is implicated in a range of neurological illnesses, including...
Estimating ventilation time scales using overturning stream functions
Döös, Kristofer
Estimating ventilation time scales using overturning stream functions Bijoy Thompson & Jonas for estimating ventilation time scales from overturning stream functions is proposed. The stream function may describing an ide- alized semi-enclosed ocean basin ventilated through a narrow strait over a sill
Local-time effect on small space-time scale
V. A. Panchelyuga; V. A. Kolombet; M. S. Panchelyuga; S. E. Shnoll
2006-10-18T23:59:59.000Z
The paper presents an investigation of local-time effect - one of the manifestations of macroscopic fluctuations phenomena. Was shown the existence of the named effect for longitudinal distance between locations of measurements up to 500 meters. Also a structure of intervals distribution in neighborhood of local-time peak was studied and splitting of the peak was found out. Obtained results lead to conclusion about sharp anisotropy of space-time.
Time Scaling of Chaotic Systems: Application to Secure Communications
Donatello Materassi; Michele Basso
2007-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
The paper deals with time-scaling transformations of dynamical systems. Such scaling functions operate a change of coordinates on the time axis of the system trajectories preserving its phase portrait. Exploiting this property, a chaos encryption technique to transmit a binary signal through an analog channel is proposed. The scheme is based on a suitable time-scaling function which plays the role of a private key. The encoded transmitted signal is proved to resist known decryption attacks offering a secure and reliable communication.
Time Scales in Probabilistic Models of Wireless Sensor Networks
Anatoly Manita
2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a stochastic model of clock synchronization in a wireless network consisting of N sensors interacting with one dedicated accurate time server. For large N we find an estimate of the final time sychronization error for global and relative synchronization. Main results concern a behavior of the network on different time scales $t=t_N \\to \\infty$, $N \\to \\infty$. We discuss existence of phase transitions and find exact time scales on which an effective clock synchronization of the system takes place.
Estimating ventilation time scales using overturning stream functions
Döös, Kristofer
Estimating ventilation time scales using overturning stream functions Bijoy Thompson & Jonas 2014 # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014 Abstract A simple method for estimating ventilation time-enclosed ocean basin ventilated through a narrow strait over a sill, and the result is compared to age estimates
Mahito Sasada; Makoto Uemura; Akira Arai; Yasushi Fukazawa; Koji S. Kawabata; Takashi Ohsugi; Takuya Yamashita; Mizuki Isogai; Shuji Sato; Masaru Kino
2008-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
We present the result of near-infrared and optical observations of the BL Lac object S5 0716$ + $714 carried out by the KANATA telescope. S5 0716$ + $714 has both a long term high-amplitude variability and a short-term variability within a night. The shortest variability (microvariability) time-scale is important for understanding the geometry of jets and magnetic field, because it provides a possible minimum size of variation sources. Here, we report the detection of 15-min variability in S5 0716$ + $714, which is one of the shortest time-scales in optical and near-infrared variations observed in blazars. The detected microvariation had an amplitude of $0.061{\\pm}0.005$ mag in $V$ band and a blue color of $\\Delta(V-J)=-0.025{\\pm}0.011$. Furthermore, we successfully detected an unprecedented, short time-scale polarimetric variation which correlated with the brightness change. We revealed that the microvariation had a specific polarization component. The polarization degree of the variation component was higher than that of the total flux. These results suggest that the microvariability originated from a small and local region where the magnetic field is aligned.
Wavelet analysis and scaling properties of time series
P. Manimaran; Prasanta K. Panigrahi; Jitendra C. Parikh
2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a wavelet based method for the characterization of the scaling behavior of non-stationary time series. It makes use of the built-in ability of the wavelets for capturing the trends in a data set, in variable window sizes. Discrete wavelets from the Daubechies family are used to illustrate the efficacy of this procedure. After studying binomial multifractal time series with the present and earlier approaches of detrending for comparison, we analyze the time series of averaged spin density in the 2D Ising model at the critical temperature, along with several experimental data sets possessing multi-fractal behavior.
Horizontal structure of winter time 250 mb jet stream variations on the fifteen day time scale
Park, Sangwook
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The horizontal structure of the 250 mb jet stream on the fifteen-day time scale during Northern Hemisphere winter is presented. The winter season is divided into six fifteen-day periods for the 24-year NMC data set. The fifteen-day time...
Horizontal structure of winter time 250 mb jet stream variations on the fifteen day time scale
Park, Sangwook
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The horizontal structure of the 250 mb jet stream on the fifteen-day time scale during Northern Hemisphere winter is presented. The winter season is divided into six fifteen-day periods for the 24-year NMC data set. The fifteen-day time...
Finite-difference time-domain simulation of fusion plasmas at radiofrequency time scales
Smithe, David N. [Tech-X Corporation, 5621 Arapahoe Avenue, Suite A, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Simulation of dense plasmas in the radiofrequency range are typically performed in the frequency domain, i.e., by solving Laplace-transformed Maxwell's equations. This technique is well-suited for the study of linear heating and quasilinear evolution, but does not generalize well to the study of nonlinear phenomena. Conversely, time-domain simulation in this range is difficult because the time scale is long compared to the electron plasma wave period, and in addition, the various cutoff and resonance behaviors within the plasma insure that any explicit finite-difference scheme would be numerically unstable. To resolve this dilemma, explicit finite-difference Maxwell terms are maintained, but a carefully time-centered locally implicit method is introduced to treat the plasma current, such that all linear plasma dispersion behavior is faithfully reproduced at the available temporal and spatial resolution, despite the fact that the simulation time step may exceed the electron gyro and electron plasma time scales by orders of magnitude. Demonstrations are presented of the method for several classical benchmarks, including mode conversion to ion cyclotron wave, cyclotron resonance, propagation into a plasma-wave cutoff, and tunneling through low-density edge plasma.
Time resolved single photon imaging in Nanometer Scale CMOS technology
Richardson, Justin Andrew
2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z
Time resolved imaging is concerned with the measurement of photon arrival time. It has a wealth of emerging applications including biomedical uses such as fluorescence lifetime microscopy and positron emission tomography, ...
Energy-Aware Modeling and Scheduling of Real-Time Tasks for Dynamic Voltage Scaling
Xu, Cheng-Zhong
scaling (DVS) is an effective approach to power reduction by scaling the processor voltage and frequency the voltage accordingly. On the other hand, a reduction of the operating frequency leads to an increaseEnergy-Aware Modeling and Scheduling of Real-Time Tasks for Dynamic Voltage Scaling Xiliang Zhong
Time and length scales within a fire and implications for numerical simulation
TIESZEN,SHELDON R.
2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
A partial non-dimensionalization of the Navier-Stokes equations is used to obtain order of magnitude estimates of the rate-controlling transport processes in the reacting portion of a fire plume as a function of length scale. Over continuum length scales, buoyant times scales vary as the square root of the length scale; advection time scales vary as the length scale, and diffusion time scales vary as the square of the length scale. Due to the variation with length scale, each process is dominant over a given range. The relationship of buoyancy and baroclinc vorticity generation is highlighted. For numerical simulation, first principles solution for fire problems is not possible with foreseeable computational hardware in the near future. Filtered transport equations with subgrid modeling will be required as two to three decades of length scale are captured by solution of discretized conservation equations. By whatever filtering process one employs, one must have humble expectations for the accuracy obtainable by numerical simulation for practical fire problems that contain important multi-physics/multi-length-scale coupling with up to 10 orders of magnitude in length scale.
Bi-Plasma Interactions on Femtosecond Time-Scales
Not Available
2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
Ultrafast THz radiation has important applications in materials science studies, such as characterizing transport properties, studying the vibrational response of materials, and in recent years, controlling materials and elucidating their response in intense electromagnetic fields. THz fields can be generated in a lab setting using various plasma-based techniques. This study seeks to examine the interaction of two plasmas in order to better understand the fundamental physics associated with femtosecond filamentation processes and to achieve more efficient THz generation in a lab setting. The intensity of fluorescence in the region of overlap was measured as a function of polarization, power, and relative time delay of the two plasma-generating laser beams. Results of time dependent intensity studies indicate strikingly similar behaviors across polarizations and power levels; a sudden intensity spike was observed at time-zero, followed by a secondary maxima and subsequent decay to the initial plasma intensity. Dependence of the intensity on the power through either beam arm was also observed. Spectral studies of the enhanced emission were also carried out. Although this physical phenomenon is still not fully understood, future studies, including further spectral analysis of the fluorescence overlap, could yield new insight into the ultrafast processes occurring at the intersection of femtosecond filaments, and would provide a better understanding of the mechanisms for enhanced THz production.
Long Time Stability of the Energy Scale Calibration of a Quantum 2000
Scheithauer, Uwe
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
According to the international standard ISO 15472 the energy scale of an XPS instrument, type Physical Electronics Quantum 2000, was calibrated. It is shown, how the procedures of the ISO 15472 were adapted to the hardware and software design of the Quantum 2000. The long time stability of the energy scale calibration of the XPS instrument was investigated. The instrumented was operated with a satisfying energy scale calibration over a period of 8 years. All the time energy differences between certain peaks could be measured with the chosen precision of the energy scale calibration.
Semiclassical quantization of maps with a variable time scale
A. Iomin; S. Fishman; G. M. Zaslavsky
2002-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
Quantization of energy balance equations, which describe a separatrix -- like motion is presented. The method is based on an exact canonical transformation of the energy--time pair to the action-angle canonical pair, $ (E,t)\\to (I,\\theta) $. Quantum mechanical dynamics can be studied in the framework of the new Hamiltonian. This transformation also establishes a relation between a wide class of the energy balance equations and dynamical localization of classical diffusion by quantum interference, that was studied in the field of quantum chaos. An exact solution for a simple system is presented as well.
G. J. de Frias; W. Aquino; K. H. Pierson; M. W. Heinstein; B. W. Spencer
2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the main computational issues with explicit dynamics simulations is the significant reduction of the critical time step as the spatial resolution of the finite element mesh increases. In this work, a selective mass scaling approach is presented that can significantly reduce the computational cost in explicit dynamic simulations, while maintaining accuracy. The proposed method is based on a multiscale decomposition approach that separates the dynamics of the system into low (coarse scales) and high frequencies (fine scales). Here, the critical time step is increased by selectively applying mass scaling on the fine scale component only. In problems where the response is dominated by the coarse (low frequency) scales, significant increases in the stable time step can be realized. In this work, we use the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) method to build the coarse scale space. The main idea behind POD is to obtain an optimal low-dimensional orthogonal basis for representing an ensemble of high-dimensional data. In our proposed method, the POD space is generated with snapshots of the solution obtained from early times of the full-scale simulation. The example problems addressed in this work show significant improvements in computational time, without heavily compromising the accuracy of the results.
Using Focused Regression for Accurate Time-Constrained Scaling of Scientific Applications
Barnes, B; Garren, J; Lowenthal, D; Reeves, J; de Supinski, B; Schulz, M; Rountree, B
2010-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Many large-scale clusters now have hundreds of thousands of processors, and processor counts will be over one million within a few years. Computational scientists must scale their applications to exploit these new clusters. Time-constrained scaling, which is often used, tries to hold total execution time constant while increasing the problem size along with the processor count. However, complex interactions between parameters, the processor count, and execution time complicate determining the input parameters that achieve this goal. In this paper we develop a novel gray-box, focused median prediction errors are less than 13%. regression-based approach that assists the computational scientist with maintaining constant run time on increasing processor counts. Combining application-level information from a small set of training runs, our approach allows prediction of the input parameters that result in similar per-processor execution time at larger scales. Our experimental validation across seven applications showed that median prediction errors are less than 13%.
Paul Benioff
2015-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
The relationship between the foundations of mathematics and physics is a topic of of much interest. This paper continues this exploration by examination of the effect of space and time dependent number scaling on theoretical descriptions of some physical and geometric quantities. Fiber bundles provide a good framework to introduce a space and time or space time dependent number scaling field. The effect of the scaling field on a few nonlocal physical and geometric quantities is described. The effect on gauge theories is to introduce a new complex scalar field into the derivatives appearing in Lagrangians. U(1) invariance of Lagrangian terms does not affect the real part of the scaling field. For this field, any mass is possible. The scaling field is also shown to affect quantum wave packets and path lengths, and geodesic equations even on flat space. Scalar fields described so far in physics, are possible candidates for the scaling field. The lack of direct evidence for the field in physics restricts the scaling field in that the gradient of the field must be close to zero in a local region of cosmological space and time. There are no restrictions outside the region. It is also seen that the scaling field does not affect comparisons of computation or measurements outputs with one another. However it does affect the assignment of numerical values to the outputs of computations or measurements. These are needed because theory predictions are in terms of numerical values.
Nested stochastic simulation algorithms for chemical kinetic systems with multiple time scales
Li, Tiejun
August 2006 Abstract We present an efficient numerical algorithm for simulating chemical kinetic systemsNested stochastic simulation algorithms for chemical kinetic systems with multiple time scales of the original SSA. Our analysis of such multi-scale chemical kinetic systems allows us to identify the slow
Real-time, Photo-realistic, Physically Based Rendering of Fine Scale Human Skin Structure
Haro, Antonio
structure samples, build models of fine scale structure production, and then render this detail usingReal-time, Photo-realistic, Physically Based Rendering of Fine Scale Human Skin Structure Antonio, which is clearly visible in close-up shots in a film or game. Methods that rely on simple texture
Mastering Uncertainty and Risk at Multiple Time Scales in the Future Electrical Grid
Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bent, Russell W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Backhaus, Scott N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
Today's electrical grids enjoy a relatively clean separation of spatio-temporal scales yielding a compartmentalization of grid design, optimization, control and risk assessment allowing for the use of conventional mathematical tools within each area. In contrast, the future grid will incorporate time-intermittent renewable generation, operate via faster electrical markets, and tap the latent control capability at finer grid modeling scales; creating a fundamentally new set of couplings across spatiotemporal scales and requiring revolutionary advances in mathematics techniques to bridge these scales. One example is found in decade-scale grid expansion planning in which today's algorithms assume accurate load forecasts and well-controlled generation. Incorporating intermittent renewable generation creates fluctuating network flows at the hourly time scale, inherently linking the ability of a transmission line to deliver electrical power to hourly operational decisions. New operations-based planning algorithms are required, creating new mathematical challenges. Spatio-temporal scales are also crossed when the future grid's minute-scale fluctuations in network flows (due to intermittent generation) create a disordered state upon which second-scale transient grid dynamics propagate effectively invalidating today's on-line dynamic stability analyses. Addressing this challenge requires new on-line algorithms that use large data streams from new grid sensing technologies to physically aggregate across many spatial scales to create responsive, data-driven dynamic models. Here, we sketch the mathematical foundations of these problems and potential solutions.
Moorcroft, Paul R.
Mechanistic scaling of ecosystem function and dynamics in space and time: Ecosystem Demography] Insights into how terrestrial ecosystems affect the Earth's response to changes in climate and rising contain detailed mechanistic representations of biological processes affecting terrestrial ecosystems
Long time simulation of a beam in a periodic focusing channel via a two-scale PIC-method
Frénod, Emmanuel
Long time simulation of a beam in a periodic focusing channel via a two-scale PIC-method E. Fr. Keywords: Vlasov-Poisson system, kinetic equations, homogenization, two-scale convergence, two- scale PIC
Non-intersecting squared Bessel paths: critical time and double scaling limit
A. B. J. Kuijlaars; A. Martinez-Finkelshtein; F. Wielonsky
2010-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the double scaling limit for a model of $n$ non-intersecting squared Bessel processes in the confluent case: all paths start at time $t=0$ at the same positive value $x=a$, remain positive, and are conditioned to end at time $t=1$ at $x=0$. After appropriate rescaling, the paths fill a region in the $tx$--plane as $n\\to \\infty$ that intersects the hard edge at $x=0$ at a critical time $t=t^{*}$. In a previous paper (arXiv:0712.1333), the scaling limits for the positions of the paths at time $t\
Caustic Crossing Microlensing Event by Binary MACHOs and Time Scale Bias
Mareki Honma
1998-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
Caustic crossing microlensing events provide us a unique opportunity to measure the relative proper motion of the lens to the source, and so those caused by binary MACHOs are of great importance for understanding the structure of the Galactic halo and the nature of MACHOs. The microlensing event 98-SMC-01, occurred in June 1998, is the first event for which the proper motion is ever measured through the caustic crossing, and this event may be caused by binary MACHOs as we argue in this Letter. Motivated by the possible existence of binary MACHOs, we have performed the Monte Carlo simulations of caustic crossing events by binary MACHOs and investigated the properties and detectability of the events. Our calculation shows that typical caustic crossing events have the interval between two caustic crossings ($t_{\\rm cc}$) of about 5 days. We argue that with the current strategy of binary event search the proper motions of these typical events are not measurable because of the short time scale. Therefore the proper motion distribution measured from caustic crossing events suffers significantly from {`}time scale bias{'}, which is a bias toward finding long time scale events and hence slowly moving lenses. We predict there are two times more short time scale events ($t_{\\rm cc}\\le 10$ days) than long time scale events ($t_{\\rm cc}\\ge 10$ days), and propose an hourly monitoring observation instead of the nightly monitoring currently undertaken to detect caustic crossing events by binary MACHOs more efficiently.
Dynamic Voltage Scaling for the Schedulability of Jitter-Constrained Real-Time Embedded Systems*
Hu, Xiaobo Sharon
Dynamic Voltage Scaling for the Schedulability of Jitter-Constrained Real-Time Embedded Systems}@ida.ing.tu-bs.de Abstract-- Jitter is a critical problem for the design of both distributed embedded systems and real-time control systems. This work considers meeting the completion jitter constraints of a set of independent
Niccolini, G.; Carpinteri, A.; Lacidogna, G.; Manuello, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica, Strada delle Cacce 91, 10135 Torino (Italy)] [Department of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy)
2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We perform a comparative statistical analysis between the acoustic-emission time series from the ancient Greek Athena temple in Syracuse and the sequence of nearby earthquakes. We find an apparent association between acoustic-emission bursts and the earthquake occurrence. The waiting-time distributions for acoustic-emission and earthquake time series are described by a unique scaling law indicating self-similarity over a wide range of magnitude scales. This evidence suggests a correlation between the aging process of the temple and the local seismic activity.
Wang, J.C.; Chiang, H.D.; Miu, K.N. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Darling, G. [NYSEG Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States). Distribution System Dept.
1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
A novel solution algorithm for capacitor placement and real-time control in real large-scale unbalanced distribution systems is evaluated and implemented to determine the number, locations, sizes, types and control schemes of capacitors to be placed on large-scale unbalanced distribution systems. A detailed numerical study regarding the solution algorithm in large scale unbalanced distribution systems is undertaken. Promising numerical results on both 292 bus and 394 bus real unbalanced distribution systems containing unbalanced loads and phasing and various types of transformers are presented. The computational performance for the capacitor control problem under load variations is encouraging.
The IAU Resolutions on Astronomical Reference Systems, Time Scales, and Earth Rotation Models
George H. Kaplan
2006-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
Recent resolutions passed by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) on astronomical reference systems, time scales, and Earth rotation models are the most significant set of international agreements in positional astronomy in several decades. These resolutions, the result of over ten years of international research and study, provide a coherent set of foundational standards for the treatment of astrometric data and the modeling of dynamics in the solar system. This circular explains these resolutions and provides a complete set of practical formulas for their implementation. The six main chapters cover relativity, time scales, the fundamental celestial reference system, ephemerides of solar system bodies, precession and nutation, and modeling the Earth's rotation.
Fayer, Michael D.
Time Domain Optical Studies of Dynamics in Supercooled o-Terphenyl: Comparison to Mode Coupling Theory on Fast and Slow Time Scales S. D. Gottke, David D. Brace, G. Hinze, and M. D. Fayer* Department of temperatures and time scales using optical heterodyne detected optical Kerr effect techniques. A combination
Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data Sharing
Pang, Xiufeng; Hong, Tianzhen; Piette, Mary Ann
2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes work in progress toward an urban-scale system aiming to reduce energy use in neighboring buildings by providing three components: a database for accessing past and present weather data from high quality weather stations; a network for communicating energy-saving strategies between building owners; and a set of modeling tools for real-time building energy simulation.
Modeling of Large Scale RF-MEMS Circuits Using Efficient Time-Domain Techniques
Tentzeris, Manos
Modeling of Large Scale RF-MEMS Circuits Using Efficient Time-Domain Techniques N. Bushyager, E Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332-0250, USA Abstract RF-MEMS design is made difficult due to the lack of tools capable of simulating both MEMS devices and their surrounding circuits
How Much Energy Is Transferred from the Winds to the Thermocline on ENSO Time Scales?
How Much Energy Is Transferred from the Winds to the Thermocline on ENSO Time Scales? JACLYN N the winds (via wind power) and changes in the storage of available potential energy in the tropical ocean~o is characterized by a decrease in wind power that leads to a decrease in available potential energy, and hence
PreDVS: Preemptive Dynamic Voltage Scaling for Real-time Systems using Approximation Scheme
Mishra, Prabhat
, dynamic voltage scal- ing, approximation algorithm 1. INTRODUCTION Energy conservation has been the main to save energy is that linear reduction in the supply voltage leads to approximately linear slow downPreDVS: Preemptive Dynamic Voltage Scaling for Real-time Systems using Approximation Scheme Weixun
The role of ocean gateways on cooling climate on long time scales Willem P. Sijp a,
Sijp, Willem
The role of ocean gateways on cooling climate on long time scales Willem P. Sijp a, , Anna S. von Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia b Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research (IMAU), Department of Physics and Astronomy
Deymier, Pierre
and time scales G. Frantziskonis1, * and P. Deymier2 1 Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering and Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA Received 21 January 2003; revised manuscript be characterized as either serial or concurrent. In serial methods a set of calculations at a fundamental level
time scale observed in some close binary systems (19), and tidal dissipation (20)
Stanley, H. Eugene
time scale observed in some close binary systems (19), and tidal dissipation (20) may also cause). At this stage, the core of star A undergoes collapse, and the residual nuclear fuel is ignited to power aware that both tidal and general relativistic ef- fects will be important in this system
A Linear Framework for Time-Scale Separation in Nonlinear Biochemical Systems
Gunawardena, Jeremy
permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author combinatorial construction of vast numbers of molecular states, [2]. How such complexity evolves and how system and its environment adjust on slower time-scales to the steady-state of the sub
Time Scale and Feedback of Zonal-Mean-Flow Variability SEOK-WOO SON* AND SUKYOUNG LEE
Son, Seok-Woo
Time Scale and Feedback of Zonal-Mean-Flow Variability SEOK-WOO SON* AND SUKYOUNG LEE Department that determine the time scale of zonal-mean-flow variability are examined with an idealized numerical model that has a zonally symmetric lower boundary. In the part of the parameter space where the time-mean zonal
Fission time-scale in experiments and in multiple initiation model
Karamian, S. A., E-mail: karamian@nrmail.jinr.ru [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russian Federation)
2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Rate of fission for highly-excited nuclei is affected by the viscose character of the systemmotion in deformation coordinates as was reported for very heavy nuclei with Z{sub C} > 90. The long time-scale of fission can be described in a model of 'fission by diffusion' that includes an assumption of the overdamped diabatic motion. The fission-to-spallation ratio at intermediate proton energy could be influenced by the viscosity, as well. Within a novel approach of the present work, the cross examination of the fission probability, time-scales, and pre-fission neutron multiplicities is resulted in the consistent interpretation of a whole set of the observables. Earlier, different aspects could be reproduced in partial simulations without careful coordination.
Scaling Laws and Transient Times in 3He Induced Nuclear Fission
Th. Rubehn; K. X. Jing; L. G. Moretto; L. Phair; K. Tso; G. J. Wozniak
1996-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
Fission excitation functions of compound nuclei in a mass region where shell effects are expected to be very strong are shown to scale exactly according to the transition state prediction once these shell effects are accounted for. The fact that no deviations from the transition state method have been observed within the experimentally investigated excitation energy regime allows one to assign an upper limit for the transient time of 10 zs.
A Black Hole Mass-Variability Time Scale Correlation at Submillimeter Wavelengths
Bower, Geoffrey C; Markoff, Sera; Gurwell, Mark A; Rao, Ramprasad; McHardy, Ian
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the light curves of 413 radio sources at submillimeter wavelengths using data from the Submillimeter Array calibrator database. The database includes more than 20,000 observations at 1.3 and 0.8 mm that span 13 years. We model the light curves as a damped random walk and determine a characteristic time scale $\\tau$ at which the variability amplitude saturates. For the vast majority of sources, primarily blazars and BL Lac objects, we find only lower limits on $\\tau$. For two nearby low luminosity active galactic nuclei, M81 and M87, however, we measure $\\tau=1.6^{+3.0}_{-0.9}$ days and $\\tau=45^{+61}_{-24}$ days, respectively ($2\\sigma$ errors). Including the previously measured $\\tau=0.33\\pm 0.16$ days for Sgr A*, we show an approximately linear correlation between $\\tau$ and black hole mass for these nearby LLAGN. Other LLAGN with spectra that peak in the submm are expected to follow this correlation. These characteristic time scales are comparable to the minimum time scale for emission processes...
Multiple Time-Scale Behaviour and Network Dynamics in Liquid Methanol
Ruchi Sharma; Charusita Chakravarty
2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z
Canonical ensemble molecular dynamics simulations of liquid methanol, modeled using a rigid-body, pair-additive potential, are used to compute static distributions and temporal correlations of tagged molecule potential energies as a means of characterising the liquid state dynamics. The static distribution of tagged molecule potential energies shows a clear multimodal structure with three distinct peaks, similar to those observed previously in water and liquid silica. The multimodality is shown to originate from electrostatic effects, but not from local, hydrogen-bond interactions. An interesting outcome of this study is the remarkable similarity in the tagged potential energy power spectra of methanol, water and silica, despite the differences in the underlying interactions and the dimensionality of the network. All three liquids show a distinct multiple time scale (MTS) regime with a 1/f dependence with a clear positive correlation between the scaling exponent alpha and the diffusivity. The low-frequency limit of the MTS regime is determined by the frequency of crossover to white noise behaviour which occurs at approximately 0.1 cm{-1} in the case of methanol under standard temperature and pressure conditions. The power spectral regime above 200 cm{-1} in all three systems is dominated by resonances due to localised vibrations, such as librations. The correlation between $\\alpha$ and the diffusivity in all three liquids appears to be related to the strength of the coupling between the localised motions and the larger length/time-scale network reorganizations. Thus the time scales associated with network reorganization dynamics appear to be qualitatively similar in these systems, despite the fact that water and silica both display diffusional anomalies but methanol does not.
Are ecosystem carbon inputs and outputs coupled at short time scales? A case study from adjacent and responses of Rsoil have been found on time scales of hours to weeks for different ecosystems, but most ecosystems over six and four measurement years, respectively, using both autocorrelation analysis
Skrynnikov, Nikolai
be made that 180° pulses refocus the chemical shift evolution and thus prevent the build-up of randomlyMicrosecond time-scale dynamics from relaxation in the rotating frame: experiments using spin lockÞðÀxÞðxÞðÀxÞ . . ., is proposed as a new technique to probe microsecond time-scale dynamics. A series of R1q measurements using
Cascade time-scales for energy and helicity in homogeneous isotropic turbulence
Susan Kurien; Mark A. Taylor; Takeshi Matsumoto
2004-04-13T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the Kolmogorov phenomenology for the scaling of energy spectra in high-Reynolds number turbulence, to explicitly include the effect of helicity. There exists a time-scale $\\tau_H$ for helicity transfer in homogeneous, isotropic turbulence with helicity. We arrive at this timescale using the phenomenological arguments used by Kraichnan to derive the timescale $\\tau_E$ for energy transfer (J. Fluid Mech. {\\bf 47}, 525--535 (1971)). We show that in general $\\tau_H$ may not be neglected compared to $\\tau_E$, even for rather low relative helicity. We then deduce an inertial range joint cascade of energy and helicity in which the dynamics are dominated by $\\tau_E$ in the low wavenumbers with both energy and helicity spectra scaling as $k^{-5/3}$; and by $\\tau_H$ at larger wavenumbers with spectra scaling as $k^{-4/3}$. We demonstrate how, within this phenomenology, the commonly observed ``bottleneck'' in the energy spectrum might be explained. We derive a wavenumber $k_h$ which is less than the Kolmogorov dissipation wavenumber, at which both energy and helicity cascades terminate due to dissipation effects. Data from direct numerical simulations are used to check our predictions.
K. Grzybowska; A. Grzybowski; S. Pawlus; J. Pionteck; M. Paluch
2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
In this Letter, we investigate how changes in the system entropy influence the characteristic time scale of the system molecular dynamics near the glass transition. Independently of any model of thermodynamic evolution of the time scale, against some previous suppositions, we show that the system entropy $S$ is not sufficient to govern the time scale defined by structural relaxation time $\\tau $. In the density scaling regime, we argue that the decoupling between $\\tau $ and $S$ is a consequence of different values of the scaling exponents $\\gamma $ and $\\gamma_S $ in the density scaling laws, $\\tau = f(\\rho ^\\gamma /T)$ and $S = h(\\rho ^{\\gamma_S}/T)$, where $\\rho $ and $T$ denote density and temperature, respectively. It implies that the proper relation between $\\tau $ and $S$ requires supplementing with a density factor, $u(\\rho)$, i.e.,$\\tau = g(u(\\rho)w(S))$. This meaningful finding additionally demonstrates that the density scaling idea can be successfully used to separate physically relevant contributions to the time scale of molecular dynamics near the glass transition. As an example, we revise the Avramov entropic model of the dependence $\\tau (T,\\rho)$, giving evidence that its entropic basis has to be extended by the density dependence of the maximal energy barrier for structural relaxation. We also discuss the excess entropy $S_{ex}$, the density scaling of which is found to mimic the density scaling of the total system entropy $S$.
Scaling laws, transient times and shell effects in helium induced nuclear fission
Th. Rubehn; K. X. Jing; L. G. Moretto; L. Phair; K. Tso; G. J. Wozniak
1996-07-22T23:59:59.000Z
Fission excitation functions of He-3 and He-4 induced compound nuclei are shown to scale exactly according to the Bohr-Wheeler transition state prediction once the shell effects are accounted for. The presented method furthermore allows one to model-independently extract values for the shell effects which are in good agreement to those obtained from liquid-drop model calculations. The fact that no deviations from the transition state method have been observed within the experimentally investigated excitation energy regime allows one to assign an upper limit for the transient time of 10 zs.
Model-independent plotting of the cosmological scale factor as a function of lookback time
Ringermacher, H. I.; Mead, L. R., E-mail: ringerha@gmail.com, E-mail: Lawrence.mead@usm.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, MS 39406 (United States)
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we describe a model-independent method of developing a plot of scale factor a(t) versus lookback time t{sub L} from the usual Hubble diagram of modulus data against redshift. This is the first plot of this type. We follow the model-independent methodology of Daly and Djorgovski used for their radio-galaxy data. Once the a(t)data plot is completed, any model can be applied and will display as described in the standard literature. We then compile an extensive data set to z = 1.8 by combining Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) data from SNLS3 of Conley et al., high-z SNe data of Riess et al., and radio-galaxy data of Daly and Djorgovski to validate the new plot. We first display these data on a standard Hubble diagram to confirm the best fit for ?CDM cosmology, and thus validate the joined data set. The scale factor plot is then developed from the data and the ?CDM model is again displayed from a least-squares fit. The fit parameters are in agreement with the Hubble diagram fit confirming the validity of the new plot. Of special interest is the transition time of the universe, which in the scale factor plot will appear as an inflection point in the data set. Noise is more visible in this presentation, which is particularly sensitive to inflection points of any model displayed in the plot, unlike on a modulus-z diagram, where there are no inflection points and the transition-z is not at all obvious by inspection. We obtain a lower limit of z ? 0.6. It is evident from this presentation that there is a dearth of SNe data in the range z = 1-2, exactly the range necessary to confirm a ?CDM transition-z around z = 0.76. We then compare a 'toy model' wherein dark matter is represented as a perfect fluid with an equation of state p = –(1/3) ? to demonstrate the plot sensitivity to model choice. Its density varies as 1/t {sup 2} and it enters the Friedmann equations as ?{sub dark}/t {sup 2}, replacing only the ?{sub dark}/a {sup 3} term. The toy model is a close match to ?CDM, but separates from it on the scale factor plot for similar ?CDM density parameters. It is described in the Appendix. A more complete transition time analysis will be presented in a future paper.
Investigation of astrophysical phenomena in short time scales with "Pi of the Sky" apparatus
Marcin Sokolowski
2008-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis the data analysis designed by author for the "Pi of the Sky" experiment is presented. The data analysis consists of data reduction and specific algorithms for identification of short time scale astrophysical processes. The algorithms have been tested and their efficiency has been determined and described. The "Pi of the Sky" prototype is collecting data since June 2004 and algorithms could be intensively studied and improved during over 700 nights. A few events of confirmed astrophysical origin and above 100 events in 10s time scale of unknown nature have been discovered. During the data collection period 3 Gamma Ray Bursts (out of 231) occurred in the field of view of the telescope, but no optical counterpart has been found. The upper limits for brightness of the optical counterpart have been determined. The continuous monitoring of the sky and own trigger for optical flashes allowed to determine limits on the number of GRBs without corresponding gamma-ray detection. This allowed determining limits on the ratio of emission collimation in optical and gamma bands, which is R >= 4.4. The perspectives of the full "Pi of the Sky" system has been studied and number of positive detections has been estimated on the level of ~ 2.5 events per year.
Kirchner, James W.
January 2004; accepted 29 January 2004 Abstract Catchment-scale chemical transport is jointly controlledMeasuring catchment-scale chemical retardation using spectral analysis of reactive and passive chemical tracer time series Xiahong Fenga,*, James W. Kirchnerb , Colin Nealc a Department of Earth
Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales
Coughlin, Katie; Eto, J.H.
2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
In this study we develop and apply new methods of data analysis for high resolution wind power and system load time series, to improve our understanding of how to characterize highly variable wind power output and the correlations between wind power and load. These methods are applied to wind and load data from the ERCOT region, and wind power output from the PJM and NYISO areas. We use a wavelet transform to apply mathematically well-defined operations of smoothing and differencing to the time series data. This approach produces a set of time series of the changes in wind power and load (or ?deltas?), over a range of times scales from a few seconds to approximately one hour. A number of statistical measures of these time series are calculated. We present sample distributions, and devise a method for fitting the empirical distribution shape in the tails. We also evaluate the degree of serial correlation, and linear correlation between wind and load. Our examination of the data shows clearly that the deltas do not follow a Gaussian shape; the distribution is exponential near the center and appears to follow a power law for larger fluctuations. Gaussian distributions are frequently used in modeling studies. These are likely to over-estimate the probability of small to moderate deviations. This in turn may lead to an over-estimation of the additional reserve requirement (hence the cost) for high penetration of wind. The Gaussian assumption provides no meaningful information about the real likelihood of large fluctuations. The possibility of a power law distribution is interesting because it suggests that the distribution shape for of wind power fluctuations may become independent of system size for large enough systems.
Extending the length and time scales of Gram–Schmidt Lyapunov vector computations
Costa, Anthony B., E-mail: acosta@northwestern.edu [Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Green, Jason R., E-mail: jason.green@umb.edu [Department of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA 02125 (United States)
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Lyapunov vectors have found growing interest recently due to their ability to characterize systems out of thermodynamic equilibrium. The computation of orthogonal Gram–Schmidt vectors requires multiplication and QR decomposition of large matrices, which grow as N{sup 2} (with the particle count). This expense has limited such calculations to relatively small systems and short time scales. Here, we detail two implementations of an algorithm for computing Gram–Schmidt vectors. The first is a distributed-memory message-passing method using Scalapack. The second uses the newly-released MAGMA library for GPUs. We compare the performance of both codes for Lennard–Jones fluids from N=100 to 1300 between Intel Nahalem/Infiniband DDR and NVIDIA C2050 architectures. To our best knowledge, these are the largest systems for which the Gram–Schmidt Lyapunov vectors have been computed, and the first time their calculation has been GPU-accelerated. We conclude that Lyapunov vector calculations can be significantly extended in length and time by leveraging the power of GPU-accelerated linear algebra.
Ghosh, Sayantan; Panigrahi, Prasanta K
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We make use of wavelet transform to study the multi-scale, self similar behavior and deviations thereof, in the stock prices of large companies, belonging to different economic sectors. The stock market returns exhibit multi-fractal characteristics, with some of the companies showing deviations at small and large scales. The fact that, the wavelets belonging to the Daubechies' (Db) basis enables one to isolate local polynomial trends of different degrees, plays the key role in isolating fluctuations at different scales. We make use of Db4 and Db6 basis sets to respectively isolate local linear and quadratic trends at different scales in order to study the statistical characteristics of these financial time series. The fluctuations reveal fat tail non-Gaussian behavior, unstable periodic modulations, at finer scales, from which the characteristic $k^{-3}$ power law behavior emerges at sufficiently large scales. We further identify stable periodic behavior through the continuous Morlet wavelet.
Mozhgan Mombeini; Ali Khaki Sedigh; Mohammad Ali Nekoui
2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, a new approach to the problem of stabilizing a chaotic system is presented. In this regard, stabilization is done by sustaining chaotic properties of the system. Sustaining the chaotic properties has been mentioned to be of importance in some areas such as biological systems. The problem of stabilizing a chaotic singularly perturbed system will be addressed and a solution will be proposed based on the OGY (Ott, Grebogi and Yorke) methodology. For the OGY control, Poincare section of the system is defined on its slow manifold. The multi-time scale property of the singularly perturbed system is exploited to control the Poincare map with the slow scale time. Slow scale time is adaptively estimated using a parameter estimation technique. Control with slow time scale circumvents the need to observe the states. With this strategy, the system remains chaotic and chaos identification is possible with online calculation of lyapunov exponents. Using this strategy on ecological system improves their control in three aspects. First that for ecological systems sustaining the dynamical property is important to survival of them. Second it removes the necessity of insertion of control action in each sample time. And third it introduces the sufficient time for census.
Schwerdtfeger, Christine A.; Soudackov, Alexander V.; Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon, E-mail: shs3@illinois.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)
2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
The development of efficient theoretical methods for describing electron transfer (ET) reactions in condensed phases is important for a variety of chemical and biological applications. Previously, dynamical dielectric continuum theory was used to derive Langevin equations for a single collective solvent coordinate describing ET in a polar solvent. In this theory, the parameters are directly related to the physical properties of the system and can be determined from experimental data or explicit molecular dynamics simulations. Herein, we combine these Langevin equations with surface hopping nonadiabatic dynamics methods to calculate the rate constants for thermal ET reactions in polar solvents for a wide range of electronic couplings and reaction free energies. Comparison of explicit and implicit solvent calculations illustrates that the mapping from explicit to implicit solvent models is valid even for solvents exhibiting complex relaxation behavior with multiple relaxation time scales and a short-time inertial response. The rate constants calculated for implicit solvent models with a single solvent relaxation time scale corresponding to water, acetonitrile, and methanol agree well with analytical theories in the Golden rule and solvent-controlled regimes, as well as in the intermediate regime. The implicit solvent models with two relaxation time scales are in qualitative agreement with the analytical theories but quantitatively overestimate the rate constants compared to these theories. Analysis of these simulations elucidates the importance of multiple relaxation time scales and the inertial component of the solvent response, as well as potential shortcomings of the analytical theories based on single time scale solvent relaxation models. This implicit solvent approach will enable the simulation of a wide range of ET reactions via the stochastic dynamics of a single collective solvent coordinate with parameters that are relevant to experimentally accessible systems.
Kastner, Ryan
42 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI) SYSTEMS, VOL. 12, NO. 1, JANUARY 2004 of transforming a set of boolean equations into a circuit comprising of gates that implement the logic while, and power) but the present work deals with delay optimization. Many timing optimization strategies have been
Axel Arnold; Suckjoon Jun
2007-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
We report molecular dynamics simulations of the segregation of two overlapping chains in cylindrical confinement. We find that the entropic repulsion between the chains can be sufficiently strong to cause segregation on a time scale that is short compared to the one for diffusion. This result implies that entropic driving forces are sufficiently strong to cause rapid bacterial chromosome segregation.
ing depends not only on initial porosity but also on the relative time scales for soil defor-
Hendry, Andrew
- mation and pore pressure diffusion (18). If fluid pressure can diffuse into or away from contracting and the effects of po- rosity change diminish. However, the time scale for pore pressure diffusion is h2 /D, where for diffusive pore pressure equilibration in deforming soil masses with h 1 m typically surpasses 10 s
Investment Timing and Capacity Choice for Small-Scale Wind Power Under Uncertainty
Fleten, Stein-Erik; Maribu, Karl Magnus
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
REFERENCES [1] American Wind Power Association (AWEA), Road-CHOICE FOR SMALL-SCALE WIND POWER UNDER UNCERTAINTY Stein-Power production from wind power has stochastic inflows, and
Entekhabi, Dara
PROBLEM The 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DH) oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was unprecedented in both of Mexico during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. This satellite image shows the oil slick off its magnitude -- nearly 5 million barrels of oil spilled over nearly three months -- and its location
Johnston, Mark
Abstract. Several studies of plant taxa have con- cluded that generation time, including annual/ perennial in animals, there is little theoretical basis for why generation-time effects would exist in plants. Furthermore, previous reports fail to establish the generality of a generation-time effect in plants be- cause
Divall, Marta Csatari; Divall, Edwin J; Hauri, Christoph P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Intense ultrashort pulse lasers are used for fs resolution pumpprobe experiments more and more at large scale facilities, such as free electron lasers (FEL). Measurement of the arrival time of the laser pulses and stabilization to the machine or other sub-systems on the target, is crucial for high time-resolution measurements. In this work we report on a single shot, spectrally resolved, non-collinear cross-correlator with sub-fs resolution. With a feedback applied we keep the output of the TW class Ti:sapphire amplifier chain in time with the seed oscillator to ~3 fs RMS level for several hours. This is well below the typical pulse duration used at FELs and supports fs resolution pump-probe experiments. Short term jitter and long term timing drift measurements are presented. Applicability to other wavelengths and integration into the timing infrastructure of the FEL are also covered to show the full potential of the device.
Horner, D.A.; Colgan, J.; Martin, F.; McCurdy, C.W.; Pindzola, M.S.; Rescigno, T.N.
2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Symmetrized complex amplitudes for the double photoionization of helium are computed by the time-dependent close-coupling and exterior complex scaling methods, and it is demonstrated that both methods are capable of the direct calculation of these amplitudes. The results are found to be in excellent agreement with each other and in very good agreement with results of other ab initio methods and experiment.
Nanosecond-scale timing jitter in transition edge sensors at telecom and visible wavelengths
Antia Lamas-Linares; Brice Calkins; Nathan A. Tomlin; Thomas Gerrits; Adriana E. Lita; Joern Beyer; Richard P. Mirin; Sae Woo Nam
2012-09-25T23:59:59.000Z
Transition edge sensors (TES) have the highest reported efficiencies (>98%) for detection of single photons in the visible and near infrared. Experiments in quantum information and foundations of physics that rely critically on this efficiency have started incorporating these detectors into con- ventional quantum optics setups. However, their range of applicability has been hindered by slow operation both in recovery time and timing jitter. We show here how a conventional tungsten-TES can be operated with jitter times of < 4 ns, well within the timing resolution necessary for MHz clocking of experiments, and providing an important practical simplification for experiments that rely on the simultaneous closing of both efficiency and locality loopholes.
Wu, Yue-Liang
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Treating the gravitational force on the same footing as the electroweak and strong forces, we present a quantum field theory (QFT) of gravity based on spinnic and scaling gauge symmetries. The so-called Gravifield sided on both locally flat non-coordinate space-time and globally flat Minkowski space-time is an essential ingredient for gauging global spinnic and scaling symmetries. The locally flat Gravifield space-time spanned by the Gravifield is associated with a non-commutative geometry characterized by a gauge-type field strength of Gravifield. A gauge invariant and coordinate independent action for the quantum gravity is built in the Gravifield basis, we derive equations of motion for all quantum fields with including the gravitational effect and obtain basic conservation laws for all symmetries. The equation of motion for Gravifield tensor is deduced in connection directly with the energy-momentum tensor. When the spinnic and scaling gauge symmetries are broken down to a background structure that posses...
John K. Cannizzo; Neil Gehrels; Janet A. Mattei
2002-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
We examine the AAVSO light curve of U Geminorum from 1908 to 2002, with particular focus on the October 1985 outburst. This outburst was longer than any other seen in U Gem by about a factor of 2, and appears to be unique among all dwarf nova outbursts seen in systems with orbital periods longer than 3 hr in that one can measure the decay time scale during the initial slow decay. This rate is ~26+-6 d/mag. Using estimates of the rate of accretion during outburst taken from Froning et al., one can show that ~1e24 g of gas was accreted onto the white dwarf during the outburst. When coupled with the viscous time inferred from the (short orbital period) SU UMa stars, the U Gem viscous time scale lends support to the standard model in which the decays in dwarf novae can either be viscous or thermal, with the ratio between them being roughly h/r where h is the vertical pressure scale height in the disk.
David Tsiklauri
1999-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We report here on a calculation of thermalization time-scale of the two temperature advection dominated accretion flow (ADAF) model. It is established that time required to equalize the electron and ion temperatures via electron-ion collisions in the ADAF with plausible physical parameters greatly exceeds age of the Universe, which corroborates validity one of the crucial assumptions of the ADAF model, namely the existence of a hot two temperature plasma. This work is motivated by the recent success (Mahadevan 1998a,b) of ADAF model in explaining the emitted spectrum of Sgr A*.
Nicolaides, Cleanthes A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recent developments toward the production and laboratory use of pulses of high intensity, and/or of very high frequency, and/or of ultrashort duration, make possible experiments which can produce time-resolved data on ultrafast transformations involving motions of electrons. The formulation, quantitative understanding and prediction of related new phenomena entail the possibility of computing and applying solutions of the many-electron time-dependent Schroedinger equation, for arbitrary electronic structures, including the dominant effects of Rydberg series, of multiply excited states and of the multi-channel continuous spectrum. To this purpose, we have proposed and applied to many prototypical cases the state-specific expansion approach (SSEA). (Mercouris, Komninos and Nicolaides, Adv. Quantum Chem. 60, 333 (2010)). The paper explains briefly the SSEA, and outlines four of its applications to recently formulated problems concerning time-resolved electronic processes, where electron correlations are crucial....
Constraints on the time-scale of nuclear breakup from thermal hard-photon emission
R. Ortega; D. d'Enterria; G. Martinez; D. Baiborodin; H. Delagrange; J. Diaz; F. Fernandez; H. Loehner; T. Matulewicz; R. W. Ostendorf; S. Schadmand; Y. Schutz; P. Tlusty; R. Turrisi; V. Wagner; H. W. Wilschut; N. Yahlali
2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
Measured hard photon multiplicities from second-chance nucleon-nucleon collisions are used in combination with a kinetic thermal model, to estimate the break-up times of excited nuclear systems produced in nucleus-nucleus reactions at intermediate energies. The obtained nuclear break-up time for the $^{129}${Xe} + $^{nat}${Sn} reaction at 50{\\it A} MeV is $\\Delta$$\\tau$ $\\approx$ 100 -- 300 fm/$c$ for all reaction centralities. The lifetime of the radiating sources produced in seven other different heavy-ion reactions studied by the TAPS experiment are consistent with $\\Delta$$\\tau$ $\\approx$ 100 fm/$c$, such relatively long thermal photon emission times do not support the interpretation of nuclear breakup as due to a fast spinodal process for the heavy nuclear systems studied.
Time scale of the thermal multifragmentation in p(3.6 GeV) + Au collisions
S. P. Avdeyev; V. A. Karnaukhov; H. Oeschler; V. K. Rodionov; A. V. Simonenko; V. V. Kirakosyan; P. A. Rukoyatkin; A. Budzanowski; W. Karcz; I. Skwirczynska; B. Czech; E. A. Kuzmin; L. V. Chulkov; E. Norbeck; A. S. Botvina
2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
The relative angle correlation of intermediate mass fragments has been studied for p+Au collisions at 3.6 GeV. Strong suppression at small angles is observed caused by IMF-IMF Coulomb repulsion. Experimental correlation function is compared to that obtained by the multi-body Coulomb trajectory calculations with the various decay time of fragmenting system. The combined model including the empirically modified intranuclear cascade followed by statistical multifragmentation was used to generate starting conditions for these calculations. The model dependence of the results obtained has been carefully checked. The mean decay time of fragmenting system is found to be 85 +- 50 fm/c.
Chapman, Glenn H.
density (OD), changes smoothly with increasing laser power, from ~3.0OD (unexposed) to developed capable of providing real time optical density and exposure power changes for the bimetallic thin) are exposed to laser light with power greater than its conversion threshold power, the thin film oxidizes
Effective Prediction of Job Times in a Large-Scale Grid Environment Menno Dobber
van der Mei, Rob
of jobs on shared processors. To this end, we analyze several existing methods that are po- tentially processors, that share their available capacities, construct a tremendous source of processing power are that the wallclock times of the jobs are highly bursty, mainly because of the changing load, and that the set
Sarah E. Marzen; Michael R. DeWeese; James P. Crutchfield
2015-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
The mutual information between stimulus and spike-train response is commonly used to monitor neural coding efficiency, but neuronal computation broadly conceived requires more refined and targeted information measures of input-output joint processes. A first step towards that larger goal is to develop information measures for individual output processes, including information generation (entropy rate), stored information (statistical complexity), predictable information (excess entropy), and active information accumulation (bound information rate). We calculate these for spike trains generated by a variety of noise-driven integrate-and-fire neurons as a function of time resolution and for alternating renewal processes. We show that their time-resolution dependence reveals coarse-grained structural properties of interspike interval statistics; e.g., $\\tau$-entropy rates that diverge less quickly than the firing rate indicate interspike interval correlations. We also find evidence that the excess entropy and regularized statistical complexity of different types of integrate-and-fire neurons are universal in the continuous-time limit in the sense that they do not depend on mechanism details. This suggests a surprising simplicity in the spike trains generated by these model neurons. Interestingly, neurons with gamma-distributed ISIs and neurons whose spike trains are alternating renewal processes do not fall into the same universality class. These results lead to two conclusions. First, the dependence of information measures on time resolution reveals mechanistic details about spike train generation. Second, information measures can be used as model selection tools for analyzing spike train processes.
Sievers, D.; Kuhn, E.; Tucker, M.; Stickel, J.; Wolfrum, E.
2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Measurement and analysis of residence time distribution (RTD) data is the focus of this study where data collection methods were developed specifically for the pretreatment reactor environment. Augmented physical sampling and automated online detection methods were developed and applied. Both the measurement techniques themselves and the produced RTD data are presented and discussed.
Accurate Run-Time Prediction of Performance Degradation under Frequency Scaling
Heiser, Gernot
its energy efficiency, other circuits may use more energy as a result of the longer execution time NICTA University of New South Wales Sydney, Australia Godfrey Van Der Linden NICTA University of New South Wales Sydney, Australia Stefan M. Petters NICTA University of New South Wales Sydney, Australia
Particle Falls is a large-scale public artwork that provides a real time visualization of
Maccabe, Barney
at the same time by using particulate air pollution as a basis for a cascading waterfall flowing down the side in California. Despite the invisibility of air, modern sensors can detect tiny particulate pollution levels of particulate pollution in the San Fernando Corridor in the form of a projection on the AT&T Building in San
Wang, J.C.; Chiang, H.D. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Darling, G.R. [NYSEG Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States). Distribution System Dept.
1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Real-time applications demand fast computation, this paper proposes an efficient algorithm for real-time network reconfiguration on large unbalanced distribution networks. A novel formulation of the network reconfiguration to achieve loss minimization and load balancing is given. To reduce computational requirements for the solution algorithm, well justified power flow and loss reduction formulas in terms of the on/off status of network switches are proposed for efficient system updating. The algorithm relies only on a few full power flow studies based on system states attained by explicit expressions using backward-forward sweeps for efficient computation of system`s states at the critical system operating points. The solution algorithm runs in an amount of time linearly proportional to the number of tie switches and the number of sectionalizing switches in the system. The solution algorithm has been implemented into a software package and tested on unbalanced distribution systems including a system with 292-buses, 76-laterals, 7 transformers, 45 switches and 255 lines sections under diverse system conditions.
Wang, J.C.; Chiang, H.D. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). School of Electrical Engineering; Darling, G.R. [NYSEG Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States). Distribution System Dept.
1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Real-time applications demand fast computation, this paper proposes an efficient algorithm for real-time network reconfiguration on large unbalanced distribution networks. A novel formulation of the network reconfiguration to achieve loss minimization and load balancing is given. To reduce computational requirements for the solution algorithm, well justified power flow and loss reduction formulas in terms of the on/off status of network switches are proposed for efficient system updating. The algorithm relies only a few full power flow studies based on system states attained by explicit expressions using backward-forward sweeps for efficient computation of system`s states at the critical system operating points. The solution algorithm runs in an amount of time linearly proportional to the number of tie switches and the number of sectionalizing switches in the system. The solution algorithm has been implemented into a software package and tested on unbalanced distribution systems including a system with 292-buses, 76-laterals, 7 transformers, 45 switches and 255 lines sections under diverse system conditions.
Open-access databases as unprecedented resources and drivers of cultural change in fisheries science
McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL; Utz, Ryan [National Ecological Observatory Network
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Open-access databases with utility in fisheries science have grown exponentially in quantity and scope over the past decade, with profound impacts to our discipline. The management, distillation, and sharing of an exponentially growing stream of open-access data represents several fundamental challenges in fisheries science. Many of the currently available open-access resources may not be universally known among fisheries scientists. We therefore introduce many national- and global-scale open-access databases with applications in fisheries science and provide an example of how they can be harnessed to perform valuable analyses without additional field efforts. We also discuss how the development, maintenance, and utilization of open-access data are likely to pose technical, financial, and educational challenges to fisheries scientists. Such cultural implications that will coincide with the rapidly increasing availability of free data should compel the American Fisheries Society to actively address these problems now to help ease the forthcoming cultural transition.
Nagaraj, Mahavir
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
of the relaxation time constants. This method has been adapted from Suh [15]. Consider a plane harmonic wave propagating with a phase velocity c in a direction defined by the propagation vector p represented by [(. )](,) ixpctUxt Ade? ?= (3-1) where x... [(. )]ixpct? ? (3-2) 20 A similar representation can be found in Achenbach [20]. Substituting U and ? into Equations 2-15 and 2-16 and eliminating the constant B, we obtain, 2()()(.)cd pdp?? ???++ + 2 22 0 11 2 2 1( ) (.) 0 []v v Tc it c t c...
Savran, Darko; Blesic, Suzana; Miljkovic, Vladimir
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we have analyzed scaling properties of time series of stock market indices (SMIs) of developing economies of Western Balkans, and have compared the results we have obtained with the results from more developed economies. We have used three different techniques of data analysis to obtain and verify our findings: Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA) method, Detrended Moving Average (DMA) method, and Wavelet Transformation (WT) analysis. We have found scaling behavior in all SMI data sets that we have analyzed. The scaling of our SMI series changes from long-range correlated to slightly anti-correlated behavior with the change in growth or maturity of the economy the stock market is embedded in. We also report the presence of effects of potential periodic-like influences on the SMI data that we have analyzed. One such influence is visible in all our SMI series, and appears at a period $T_{p}\\approx 90$ days. We propose that the existence of various periodic-like influences on SMI data may partially...
Kutter, T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) will use a large liquid argon (LAr) detector to measure the CP violating phase, determine the neutrino mass hier- archy and perform precision tests of the three-flavor paradigm in long-baseline neutrino oscillations. The detector will consist of four modules each with a fiducial mass of 10 kt of LAr and due to its unprecedented size will allow sensitive searches for proton decay and the detection and measurement of electron neutrinos from core collapse supernovae [1]. The first 10 kt module will use single-phase LAr detection technique and be itself modular in design. The successful manufacturing, installation and operation of several full-scale detector components in a suitable configuration represents a critical engineering milestone prior to the construction and operation of the first full 10 kt DUNE detector module at the SURF underground site. A charged particle beam test of a prototype detector will provide critical calibration measurements as well as inva...
Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Clarke, Leon E.; Edmonds, James A.; Calvin, Katherine V.; Kyle, G. Page
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Electrification plays a crucial role in cost-effective greenhouse gas emissions mitigation strategies. Such strategies in turn carry implications for financial capital markets. This paper explores the implication of climate mitigation policy for capital investment demands by the electric power sector on decade to century time scales. We go further to explore the implications of technology performance and the stringency of climate policy for capital investment demands by the power sector. Finally, we discuss the regional distribution of investment demands. We find that stabilizing GHG emissions will require additional investment in the electricity generation sector over and above investments that would be need in the absence of climate policy, in the range of 16 to 29 Trillion US$ (60-110%) depending on the stringency of climate policy during the period 2015 to 2095 under default technology assumptions. This increase reflects the higher capital intensity of power systems that control emissions. Limits on the penetration of nuclear and carbon capture and storage technology could increase costs substantially. Energy efficiency improvements can reduce the investment requirement by 8 to21 Trillion US$ (default technology assumptions), depending on climate policy scenario with higher savings being obtained under the most stringent climate policy. The heaviest investments in power generation were observed in the China, India, SE Asia and Africa regions with the latter three regions dominating in the second half of the 21st century.
Wang, J; Qiu, Y L; Meng, X M; Cai, H B; Cao, L; Deng, J S; Han, X H; Wei, J Y
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The content of $\\mathrm{OH/H_2O}$ molecules in the tenuous exosphere of the Moon is still an open issue at present. We here report an unprecedented upper limit of the content of the OH radicals, which is obtained from the in-situ measurements carried out \\rm by the Lunar-based Ultraviolet Telescope, a payload of Chinese Chang'e-3 mission. By analyzing the diffuse background in the images taken by the telescope, the column density and surface concentration of the OH radicals are inferred to be $<10^{11}\\ \\mathrm{cm^{-2}}$ and $<10^{4}\\ \\mathrm{cm^{-3}}$ (by assuming a hydrostatic equilibrium with a scale height of 100km), respectively, by assuming that the recorded background is fully contributed by their resonance fluorescence emission. The resulted concentration is lower than the previously reported value by about two orders of magnitude, and is close to the prediction of the sputtering model. In addition, the same measurements and method allow us to derive a surface concentration of $<10^{2}\\ \\math...
Khalid, S.; Caliebe, W.; Siddons, P.; So, I.; Clay, b.; Hanson, J.; Wang, Q.; Frenkel, A.; Marinkovicl, N.; Hould, N.; ginder-Vogel, M.; Landrot, G.L.; Sparks, D.L.; Ganjoo, A.
2010-01-19T23:59:59.000Z
In order to learn about in situ structural changes in materials at subseconds time scale, we have further refined the techniques of quick extended x-ray absorption fine structure (QEXAFS) and quick x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopies at beamline X18B at the National Synchrotron Light Source. The channel cut Si (111) monochromator oscillation is driven through a tangential arm at 5 Hz, using a cam, dc motor, pulley, and belt system. The rubber belt between the motor and the cam damps the mechanical noise. EXAFS scan taken in 100 ms is comparable to standard data. The angle and the angular range of the monochromator can be changed to collect a full EXAFS or XANES spectrum in the energy range 4.7-40.0 KeV. The data are recorded in ascending and descending order of energy, on the fly, without any loss of beam time. The QEXAFS mechanical system is outside the vacuum system, and therefore changing the mode of operation from conventional to QEXAFS takes only a few minutes. This instrument allows the acquisition of time resolved data in a variety of systems relevant to electrochemical, photochemical, catalytic, materials, and environmental sciences.
Challacombe, Matt [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An algorithm for solution of the Time-Dependent Self-Consistent-Field (TD-SCF) equations is developed, based on dual solution channels for non-linear optimization of the Tsiper functional [J.Phys.B, 34 L401 (2001)]. This formulation poses the TD-SCF problem as two Rayleigh quotients, coupled weakly through biorthogonality. Convergence rates for the Random Phase Approximation (RPA) are found to be equivalent to the Tamm-Dancoff approximation (TDA). Moreover, the variational nature of the quotient is robust to approximation errors, allowing linear scaling solution to the bulk limit of the RPA matrix-eigenvalue and exchange operator problem for molecular wires with extended conjugation, including polyphenylene vinylene and the (4,3) nanotube.
Atanasov, Atanas Todorov, E-mail: atanastod@abv.bg [Department of Physics and Biophysics, Faculty of Medicine, Trakia University, 11 Armeiska Str., 6000 Stara Zagora (Bulgaria)
2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z
The scaling of physical and biological characteristics of the living organisms is a basic method for searching of new biophysical laws. In series of previous studies the author showed that in Poikilotherms, Mammals and Aves, the volume to surface ratio V×S{sup ?1} (m) of organisms is proportional to their generation time T{sub gt}(s) via growth rate v (m s{sup ?1}): V×S{sup ?1}?=?v{sub gr}×T{sup r}. The power and the correlation coefficients are near to 1.0. Aim of this study is: i) to prove with experimental data the validity of the above equation for Unicellular organisms and ii) to show that perhaps, the cells are quantum-mechanical systems. The data for body mass M (kg), density ? (kg/m{sup 3}), minimum and maximum doubling time T{sub dt} (s) for 50 unicellular organisms are assembled from scientific sources, and the computer program ‘Statistics’ is used for calculations. In result i) the analytical relationship from type: V×S{sup ?1}?=?4.46?10{sup ?11}×T{sub dt} was found, where v{sub gr}?=?4.46×10{sup ?11} m/s and ii) it is shown that the products between cell mass M, cell length expressed by V/S ratio and growth rate v{sub gr} satisfied the Heisenberg uncertainty principle i.e. the inequalities V/S×M×v{sub gr}>h/2? and T{sub dt}×M×v{sub gr}{sup 2}>h/2? are valid, where h= 6.626×10{sup ?34} J?s is the Planck constant. This rise the question: do cells appear quantum-mechanical systems?.
Margaret, Murnane [University of Colorado, Boulder and NIST
2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Ever since the invention of the laser 50 years ago and its application in nonlinear optics, scientists have been striving to extend coherent laser beams into the x-ray region of the spectrum. Very recently however, the prospects for tabletop coherent sources at very short wavelengths, even in the hard x-ray region of the spectrum at wavelengths < 1nm, have brightened considerably. This advance is possible by taking nonlinear optics techniques to an extreme - physics that is the direct result of a new ability to manipulate electrons on the fastest, attosecond, time-scales of our natural world. Several applications have already been demonstrated, including making a movie of how electrons rearrange in a chemical bond changes shape as a molecule breaks apart, following how fast a magnetic material can flip orientation, understanding how fast heat flows in a nanocircuit, or building a microscope without lenses. Nature 460, 1088 (2009); Science 317, 775 (2007); Physical Review Letters 103, 257402 (2009); Nature Materials 9, 26 (2010); Nature 463, 214 (2010); Science 322, 1207 (2008).
Dietze, Michael; Vargas, Rodrigo; Richardson, Andrew D.; Stoy, Paul C.; Barr, Alan; Anderson, Ryan; Arain, M. A.; Baker, Ian; Black, T. Andrew; Chen, Jing Ming; Ciais, Philippe; Flanagan, Lawrence; Gough, Christopher; Grant, R. F.; Hollinger, D.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Kucharik, Chris; Lafleur, Peter; Liu, Shuguang; Lokupitiya, Erandathie; Luo, Yiqi; Munger, J. W.; Peng, Changhui; Poulter, Benjamin; Price, David T.; Ricciuto, Daniel M.; Riley, William; Sahoo, Alok Kumar; Schaefer, Kevin; Suyker, Andrew E.; Tian, Hanqin; Tonitto, Christine; Verbeeck, Hans; Verma, Shashi B.; Wang, Weifeng; Weng, Ensheng
2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
Ecosystem models are important tools for diagnosing the carbon cycle and projecting its behavior across space and time. Most assessments of model performance occur at individual temporal scales, but ecosystems respond to drivers at multiple time scales. Spectral methods, such as wavelet analyses, present an alternative approach that enables the identification of the dominant time scales contributing to model performance in the frequency domain. In this study we used wavelet analyses to synthesize the performance of twenty-one ecosystem models at nine eddy-covariance towers as part of the North American Carbon Program's site-level inter-comparison. This study expands upon previous single-site and single-model analyses to determine what patterns of model failure are consistent across a diverse range of models and sites.
on seasonal to interannual time scales. Oceanography 28(1):7885, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015 in Oceanography, Volume 28, Number 1, a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright 2015 by The Oceanography Society. All rights reserved. USAGE Permission is granted to copy this article for use in teaching
Sinskey, Anthony J.
in Saccharomyces cereWisiae Grown in Microliter-Scale Bioreactors Equipped with Internal Stirring Paolo Boccazzi and glucose media in 150 µL bioreactors equipped with sensors for in situ and real-time measurements bioreactors, shake flasks, test tubes, and microtiter plates. These analytical platforms yield limited
Haak, Hein
PhD-Theses 1999 Hazeleger, W., 1 February 1999. Variability in Mode Water Formation on the Decadal Time Scale. University of Utrecht, the Netherlands. Lipzig, N.P.M. van, 6 October 1999. The surfaceD-Thesis, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands. Veefkind, J.P., 11 October 1999. Aerosol Satellite Remote Sensing. Ph
Desai, Narayan [ANL
2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
Argonne National Lab's Narayan Desai on "Scaling MG-RAST to Terabases" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.
Alexander, M. Joan
convection plays a vital role in global climate by driving large-scale circulation,41 releasing latent heat, modulating radiative forcing, and most importantly redistributing water in42 the earth system. Due to complex
Desai, Narayan [ANL] [ANL
2011-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
Argonne National Lab's Narayan Desai on "Scaling MG-RAST to Terabases" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.
dependent on scaling up to unprecedented numbers of processors. To prevent the interconnect architecture be and/or a fee. . peta-scale computing is increasingly dependent on scaling up the number of processors, there is a critical need to ef- fectively build and utilize network topology solutions with costs that scale linearly
Alessandro Manzotti; Marco Peloso; Massimo Pietroni; Matteo Viel; Francisco Villaescusa-Navarro
2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
Standard cosmological perturbation theory (SPT) for the Large Scale Structure (LSS) of the Universe fails at small scales (UV) due to strong nonlinearities and to multistreaming effects. In Pietroni et al. 2011 a new framework was proposed in which the large scales (IR) are treated perturbatively while the information on the UV, mainly small scale velocity dispersion, is obtained by nonlinear methods like N-body simulations. Here we develop this approach, showing that it is possible to reproduce the fully nonlinear power spectrum (PS) by combining a simple (and fast) 1-loop computation for the IR scales and the measurement of a single, dominant, correlator from N-body simulations for the UV ones. We measure this correlator for a suite of seven different cosmologies, and we show that its inclusion in our perturbation scheme reproduces the fully non-linear PS with percent level accuracy, for wave numbers up to $k\\sim 0.4\\, h~{\\rm Mpc^{-1}}$ down to $z=0$. We then show that, once this correlator has been measured in a given cosmology, there is no need to run a new simulation for a different cosmology in the suite. Indeed, by rescaling this correlator by a proper function computable in SPT, the reconstruction procedure works also for the other cosmologies and for all redshifts, with comparable accuracy. Finally, we clarify the relation of this approach to the Effective Field Theory methods recently proposed in the LSS context.
None
1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
A variety of decision makers convened to examine and discuss certain significant problems associated with small-scale hydroelectric development in the Midwestern region, comprised of Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The conference opened with an introductory panel of resource persons who outlined the objectives of the conference, presented information on small-scale hydro, and described the materials available to conference participants. A series of workshop sessions followed. Two of the workshop sessions discussed problems and policy responses raised by state and Federal regulation. The remaining two workshops dealt with economic issues confronting small-scale hydro development and the operation and usefulness of the systems dynamics model developed by the Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College. A plenary session and recommendations completed the workshop.
Park, Yeonjeong; Harmon, Thomas C
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
optimization horizon. After the first optimal control is applied for the current management time step, the optimization process
Oh, Yoonchan
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
scale package of 2 Watts steady state power is subjected to 1000 Watts for about 1 ms, junction temperature was seen to rise 50 o C. Mercado et al. [29] did an integrated transient thermal and mechanical analysis for a molded plastic ball grid array...
Stevens, Ken
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI) SYSTEMS, VOL. 11, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2003 129 synthesis and veri- fication are demonstrated on three example circuits, facilitating transformations from perfor- mance, area, power, and functional testability of up to a factor of 3 in all three cases
Cerveny, Vlastislav
-scale energy transfer from the ice sheet loading and unloading processes to the Earth's interior via viscous flow can represent a non-negligible mantle energy source with cryogenic origins. Volumetric heating rebound. 1. Introduction The Earth is a nonlinear dynamical system with a fluid atmosphere and oceans
Md. Nurujjaman; Ramesh Narayanan; A. N. Sekar Iyengar
2009-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
Continuous wavelet transform (CWT) based time-scale and multi-fractal analyses have been carried out on the anode glow related nonlinear floating potential fluctuations in a hollow cathode glow discharge plasma. CWT has been used to obtain the contour and ridge plots. Scale shift (or inversely frequency shift) which is a typical nonlinear behaviour, has been detected from the undulating contours. From the ridge plots, we have identified the presence of nonlinearity and degree of chaoticity. Using the wavelet transform modulus maxima technique we have obtained the multi-fractal spectrum for the fluctuations at different discharge voltages and the spectrum was observed to become a monofractal for periodic signals. These multi-fractal spectra were also used to estimate different quantities like the correlation and fractal dimension, degree of multi-fractality and complexity parameters. These estimations have been found to be consistent with the nonlinear time series analysis.
Nurujjaman, Md.; Narayanan, Ramesh; Iyengar, A. N. Sekar [Plasma Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India)
2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Continuous wavelet transform (CWT) based time-scale and multifractal analyses have been carried out on the anode glow related nonlinear floating potential fluctuations in a hollow cathode glow discharge plasma. CWT has been used to obtain the contour and ridge plots. Scale shift (or inversely frequency shift), which is a typical nonlinear behavior, has been detected from the undulating contours. From the ridge plots, we have identified the presence of nonlinearity and degree of chaoticity. Using the wavelet transform modulus maxima technique we have obtained the multifractal spectrum for the fluctuations at different discharge voltages and the spectrum was observed to become a monofractal for periodic signals. These multifractal spectra were also used to estimate different quantities such as the correlation and fractal dimension, degree of multifractality, and complexity parameters. These estimations have been found to be consistent with the nonlinear time series analysis.
van der Lee, Suzan
A new P-velocity model for the Tethyan margin from a scaled S-velocity model and the inversion of P- and PKP-delay times Sung-Joon Chang a, , Suzan Van der Lee a , Megan P. Flanagan b a Dept. of Earth Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, L-205, Livermore, CA 94551, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article
Gorban, Alexander N.
,3] to the case of open flows, such as flow in tubes or in static mixers. In the case of time-periodic velocity
SociAL Sensor Analytics: Measuring Phenomenology at Scale
Corley, Courtney D.; Dowling, Chase P.; Rose, Stuart J.; McKenzie, Taylor K.
2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of this paper is to present a system for interrogating immense social media streams through analytical methodologies that characterize topics and events critical to tactical and strategic planning. First, we propose a conceptual framework for interpreting social media as a sensor network. Time-series models and topic clustering algorithms are used to implement this concept into a functioning analytical system. Next, we address two scientific challenges: 1) to understand, quantify, and baseline phenomenology of social media at scale, and 2) to develop analytical methodologies to detect and investigate events of interest. This paper then documents computational methods and reports experimental findings that address these challenges. Ultimately, the ability to process billions of social media posts per week over a period of years enables the identification of patterns and predictors of tactical and strategic concerns at an unprecedented rate through SociAL Sensor Analytics (SALSA).
Problem Set # 5 1. In a stratified flow the energy containing eddies have a time scale of N-1
Goodman, Louis
kinetic energy dissipation rate. (a) Derive an expression for the time dependence (decay) of u in terms eddy of size l, where L l . (b) Obtain an expression for the turbulent kinetic energy per unit mass is the turbulent kinetic energy per unit mass 23 2 E u , u, the characteristic turbulent velocity, the turbulent
Time scale of the fission process in the reaction 50A MeV 20Ne + 165Ho
Mdeiwayeh, Nader
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The pre-scission time in the de-excitation of highly excited 178W produced in the reaction of 2ONe + 165Ho at 50A MeV was determined as a function of fission fragment mass asymmetry. The techniques employed used the pre-scission and post scission...
Time scale of the fission process in the reaction 50A MeV 20Ne + 165Ho
Mdeiwayeh, Nader
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The pre-scission time in the de-excitation of highly excited 178W produced in the reaction of 2ONe + 165Ho at 50A MeV was determined as a function of fission fragment mass asymmetry. The techniques employed used the pre-scission and post scission...
JaJa, Joseph F.
-Term Preservation of Digital Information Joseph JaJa and Sangchul Song LIBRARY TRENDS, Vol. 57, No. 3, Winter 2009 ("The Library of Congress National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program," edited archiving communities, library organizations, government agencies, scientific communities, and individual
Alonso, Juan J. [Stanford University; Iaccarino, Gianluca [Stanford University
2013-08-25T23:59:59.000Z
The following is the final report covering the entire period of this aforementioned grant, June 1, 2011 - May 31, 2013 for the portion of the effort corresponding to Stanford University (SU). SU has partnered with Sandia National Laboratories (PI: Mike S. Eldred) and Purdue University (PI: Dongbin Xiu) to complete this research project and this final report includes those contributions made by the members of the team at Stanford. Dr. Eldred is continuing his contributions to this project under a no-cost extension and his contributions to the overall effort will be detailed at a later time (once his effort has concluded) on a separate project submitted by Sandia National Laboratories. At Stanford, the team is made up of Profs. Alonso, Iaccarino, and Duraisamy, post-doctoral researcher Vinod Lakshminarayan, and graduate student Santiago Padron. At Sandia National Laboratories, the team includes Michael Eldred, Matt Barone, John Jakeman, and Stefan Domino, and at Purdue University, we have Prof. Dongbin Xiu as our main collaborator. The overall objective of this project was to develop a novel, comprehensive methodology for uncertainty quantification by combining stochastic expansions (nonintrusive polynomial chaos and stochastic collocation), the adjoint approach, and fusion with experimental data to account for aleatory and epistemic uncertainties from random variable, random field, and model form sources. The expected outcomes of this activity were detailed in the proposal and are repeated here to set the stage for the results that we have generated during the time period of execution of this project: 1. The rigorous determination of an error budget comprising numerical errors in physical space and statistical errors in stochastic space and its use for optimal allocation of resources; 2. A considerable increase in efficiency when performing uncertainty quantification with a large number of uncertain variables in complex non-linear multi-physics problems; 3. A solution to the long-time integration problem of spectral chaos approaches; 4. A rigorous methodology to account for aleatory and epistemic uncertainties, to emphasize the most important variables via dimension reduction and dimension-adaptive refinement, and to support fusion with experimental data using Bayesian inference; 5. The application of novel methodologies to time-dependent reliability studies in wind turbine applications including a number of efforts relating to the uncertainty quantification in vertical-axis wind turbine applications. In this report, we summarize all accomplishments in the project (during the time period specified) focusing on advances in UQ algorithms and deployment efforts to the wind turbine application area. Detailed publications in each of these areas have also been completed and are available from the respective conference proceedings and journals as detailed in a later section.
Gleiser, Marcelo; Stamatopoulos, Nikitas [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire 03755 (United States); Graham, Noah [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont 05753 (United States)
2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Through a detailed numerical investigation in three spatial dimensions, we demonstrate that long-lived time-dependent field configurations emerge dynamically during symmetry breaking in an expanding de Sitter spacetime. We investigate two situations: a single scalar field with a double-well potential and an SU(2) non-Abelian Higgs model. For the single scalar, we show that large-amplitude oscillon configurations emerge spontaneously and persist to contribute about 1.2% of the energy density of the Universe. We also show that for a range of parameters, oscillon lifetimes are enhanced by the expansion and that this effect is a result of parametric resonance. For the SU(2) case, we see about 4% of the final energy density in oscillons.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Imam, Neena; Barhen, Jacob
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For real-time acoustic source localization applications, one of the primary challenges is the considerable growth in computational complexity associated with the emergence of ever larger, active or passive, distributed sensor networks. These sensors rely heavily on battery-operated system components to achieve highly functional automation in signal and information processing. In order to keep communication requirements minimal, it is desirable to perform as much processing on the receiver platforms as possible. However, the complexity of the calculations needed to achieve accurate source localization increases dramatically with the size of sensor arrays, resulting in substantial growth of computational requirements that cannot bemore »readily met with standard hardware. One option to meet this challenge builds upon the emergence of digital optical-core devices. The objective of this work was to explore the implementation of key building block algorithms used in underwater source localization on the optical-core digital processing platform recently introduced by Lenslet Inc. This demonstration of considerably faster signal processing capability should be of substantial significance to the design and innovation of future generations of distributed sensor networks.« less
Tully, Damien C. [Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)], E-mail: dtully@tcd.ie; Fares, Mario A. [Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College Dublin (Ireland)], E-mail: faresm@tcd.ie
2008-12-20T23:59:59.000Z
Despite significant advances made in the understanding of its epidemiology, foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) is among the most unexpected agricultural devastating plagues. While the disease manifests itself as seven immunologically distinct strains their origin, population dynamics, migration patterns and divergence times remain unknown. Herein we have assembled a comprehensive data set of gene sequences representing the global diversity of the disease and inferred the time-scale and evolutionary history for FMDV. Serotype-specific rates of evolution and divergence times were estimated using a Bayesian coalescent framework. We report that an ancient precursor FMDV gave rise to two major diversification events spanning a relatively short interval of time. This radiation event is estimated to have taken place towards the end of the 17th and the beginning of the 18th century giving us the present circulating Euro-Asiatic and South African viral strains. Furthermore our results hint that Europe acted as a possible hub for the disease from where it successfully dispersed elsewhere via exploration and trading routes.
Mitchell, Christopher J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ahrens, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Jun [UCF
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Petascale simulations compute at resolutions ranging into billions of cells and write terabytes of data for visualization and analysis. Interactive visuaUzation of this time series is a desired step before starting a new run. The I/O subsystem and associated network often are a significant impediment to interactive visualization of time-varying data; as they are not configured or provisioned to provide necessary I/O read rates. In this paper, we propose a new I/O library for visualization applications: VisIO. Visualization applications commonly use N-to-N reads within their parallel enabled readers which provides an incentive for a shared-nothing approach to I/O, similar to other data-intensive approaches such as Hadoop. However, unlike other data-intensive applications, visualization requires: (1) interactive performance for large data volumes, (2) compatibility with MPI and POSIX file system semantics for compatibility with existing infrastructure, and (3) use of existing file formats and their stipulated data partitioning rules. VisIO, provides a mechanism for using a non-POSIX distributed file system to provide linear scaling of 110 bandwidth. In addition, we introduce a novel scheduling algorithm that helps to co-locate visualization processes on nodes with the requested data. Testing using VisIO integrated into Para View was conducted using the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) on TACC's Longhorn cluster. A representative dataset, VPIC, across 128 nodes showed a 64.4% read performance improvement compared to the provided Lustre installation. Also tested, was a dataset representing a global ocean salinity simulation that showed a 51.4% improvement in read performance over Lustre when using our VisIO system. VisIO, provides powerful high-performance I/O services to visualization applications, allowing for interactive performance with ultra-scale, time-series data.
The OME Framework for genome-scale systems biology
Palsson, Bernhard O.; Ebrahim, Ali; Federowicz, Steve
2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z
The life sciences are undergoing continuous and accelerating integration with computational and engineering sciences. The biology that many in the field have been trained on may be hardly recognizable in ten to twenty years. One of the major drivers for this transformation is the blistering pace of advancements in DNA sequencing and synthesis. These advances have resulted in unprecedented amounts of new data, information, and knowledge. Many software tools have been developed to deal with aspects of this transformation and each is sorely needed [1-3]. However, few of these tools have been forced to deal with the full complexity of genome-scale models along with high throughput genome- scale data. This particular situation represents a unique challenge, as it is simultaneously necessary to deal with the vast breadth of genome-scale models and the dizzying depth of high-throughput datasets. It has been observed time and again that as the pace of data generation continues to accelerate, the pace of analysis significantly lags behind [4]. It is also evident that, given the plethora of databases and software efforts [5-12], it is still a significant challenge to work with genome-scale metabolic models, let alone next-generation whole cell models [13-15]. We work at the forefront of model creation and systems scale data generation [16-18]. The OME Framework was borne out of a practical need to enable genome-scale modeling and data analysis under a unified framework to drive the next generation of genome-scale biological models. Here we present the OME Framework. It exists as a set of Python classes. However, we want to emphasize the importance of the underlying design as an addition to the discussions on specifications of a digital cell. A great deal of work and valuable progress has been made by a number of communities [13, 19-24] towards interchange formats and implementations designed to achieve similar goals. While many software tools exist for handling genome-scale metabolic models or for genome-scale data analysis, no implementations exist that explicitly handle data and models concurrently. The OME Framework structures data in a connected loop with models and the components those models are composed of. This results in the first full, practical implementation of a framework that can enable genome-scale design-build-test. Over the coming years many more software packages will be developed and tools will necessarily change. However, we hope that the underlying designs shared here can help to inform the design of future software.
A Real-time Framework for Model Predictive Control of Continuous-Time Nonlinear Systems
Sontag, Eduardo
for piecewise constant NMPC of continuous-time processes. Index Terms-- nonlinear model predictive control, real-time optimization, optimal control, piecewise constant control I. INTRODUCTION Model predictive control (MPC horizon, open-loop optimal control problem. The unprecedented industrial success of MPC ap- proaches based
Block Time Step Storage Scheme for Astrophysical N-body Simulations
Cai, Maxwell Xu; Kouwenhoven, M B N; Assmann, Paulina; Spurzem, Rainer
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Astrophysical research in recent decades has made significant progress thanks to the availability of various $N$-body simulation techniques. With the rapid development of high-performance computing technologies, modern simulations have been able to take the computing power of massively parallel clusters with more than $10^5$ GPU cores. While unprecedented accuracy and dynamical scales have been achieved, the enormous amount of data being generated continuously poses great challenges for the subsequent procedures of data analysis and archiving. As an urgent response to these challenges, in this paper we propose an adaptive storage scheme for simulation data, inspired by the block time step integration scheme found in a number of direct $N$-body integrators available nowadays. The proposed scheme, namely the block time step storage scheme, works by minimizing the data redundancy with assignments of data with individual output frequencies as required by the researcher. As demonstrated by benchmarks, the proposed...
OF HEALTH CARE IN TURBULENT TIMES
Feschotte, Cedric
FIXING THE FLOW OF HEALTH CARE IN TURBULENT TIMES INNOVATION REPORT 2014 #12;Since 2012, Algorithms facing health care today. We believe there's an unprecedented opportunity to invent a new vision for health care, and academic medicine is poised to lead the way. Algorithms for Innovations is designed
Goll, Johannes [JCVI
2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
JCVI's Johannes Goll on "Using Solr/Lucene for Large-Scale Metagenomics Data Retrieval and Analysis" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.
Goll, Johannes [JCVI] [JCVI
2011-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
JCVI's Johannes Goll on "Using Solr/Lucene for Large-Scale Metagenomics Data Retrieval and Analysis" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.
Samandari-Rad, Jeren
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Mean and standard deviation of Ideal Access-Time (ACI) forMean and standard deviation of Ideal Access-Time (ACI) forof the standard deviation, and therefore variability, of ACI
Copeland, Alex [DOE JGI]; Brown, C Titus [Michigan State University
2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
DOE JGI's Alex Copeland on "DOE JGI Quality Metrics" and Michigan State University's C. Titus Brown on "Approaches to Scaling and Improving Metagenome Assembly" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.
Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir
as funda- mentally interesting soft matter systems [13]. Ternary mix- tures of saturated and unsaturated scales. Compelling agreement with both theory and experiment is obtained, suggesting this methodology description of the observed two-phase coexistence in ternary lipid/cholesterol systems. However, to facilitate
Zhang, Tong
effect makes the resistance of phase-change material drift over the time, which can severely degrade A Time-Aware Fault Tolerance Scheme to Improve Reliability of Multilevel Phase-Change Memory--Because of its promising scalability potential and support of multilevel per cell storage, phase-change memory
External Surveillance of Geothermal Scale Deposits Employing...
brine to provide in situ scale deposition observations without the disadvantage of dismantling piping for visual scale inspection. Exposure times and film orientations have been...
Brust, F.W. (Bud) Jr; Mohan, R.; Yang, Y.P.; Oh, J.; Katsube, N.
2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
High-temperature operation of technical engineering systems is critical for system efficiency, and will be a key driver in the future US DOE energy policy. Developing an understanding of high-temperature creep and creep-fatigue failure processes is a key driver for the research work described here. The focus is on understanding the high-temperature deformation and damage development on the nano-scale (50 to 500 nm) level. The high-temperature damage development process, especially with regard to low and high cyclic loading, which has received little attention to date, is studied. Damage development under cyclic loading develops in a fashion quite different from the constant load situation. The development of analytical methodologies so that high-temperature management of new systems can be realized is the key goal of this work.
Ghosh, Somnath
. New research initiatives like the Materials Genome Initiative (MGI) and the Integrated Computational Materials Science & Engineering (ICMSE) are creating unprecedented opportunities for unraveling new1 PREFACE The recent times have seen a surge in computational modeling of materials and processes
Pedram, Massoud
, tidal wave, etc. The harvested energy is limitless, but the amount of harvested energy varies-Time Embedded Systems with Energy Harvesting Xue Lin1 , Yanzhi Wang1 , Siyu Yue1 , Naehyuck Chang2 and Massoud, Korea 1 {xuelin, yanzhiwa, siyuyue, pedram}@usc.edu, 2 {naehyuck}@elpl.snu.ac.kr Abstract Energy
Snieder, Roel
chaol- ogy.'' The relation between classical chaos and quantum chaos is not trivial 3 . For classical phenomena 4 . Although many aspects of the relation between classical chaos and quantum chaosTime-reversed imaging as a diagnostic of wave and particle chaos R. K. Snieder1,2,* and J. A
Rupture mechanism of liquid crystal thin films realized by large-scale molecular simulations
Nguyen, Trung D [ORNL] [ORNL; Carrillo, Jan-Michael Y [ORNL] [ORNL; Brown, W Michael [ORNL] [ORNL; Matheson, Michael A [ORNL] [ORNL
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ability of liquid crystal (LC) molecules to respond to changes in their environment makes them an interesting candidate for thin film applications, particularly in bio-sensing, bio-mimicking devices, and optics. Yet the understanding of the (in)stability of this family of thin films has been limited by the inherent challenges encountered by experiment and continuum models. Using unprecedented largescale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we address the rupture origin of LC thin films wetting a solid substrate at length scales similar to those in experiment. Our simulations show the key signatures of spinodal instability in isotropic and nematic films on top of thermal nucleation, and importantly, for the first time, evidence of a common rupture mechanism independent of initial thickness and LC orientational ordering. We further demonstrate that the primary driving force for rupture is closely related to the tendency of the LC mesogens to recover their local environment in the bulk state. Our study not only provides new insights into the rupture mechanism of liquid crystal films, but also sets the stage for future investigations of thin film systems using peta-scale molecular dynamics simulations.
Gary Christopher Vezzoli
2001-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
This work presents physical consequences of our theory of induced gravity (Ref.1) regarding: 1) the requirement to consider shape and materials properties when calculating graviton cross section collision area; 2) use of Special Relativity; 3) implications regarding the shape of cosmos; 4) comparison to explanations using General Relativity; 5) properties of black holes; 6) relationship to the strong force and the theorized Higgs boson; 7) the possible origin of magnetic attraction; 8) new measurements showing variation from gravitational inverse square behavior at length scales of 0.1 mm and relationship to the Cosmological constant, and proof of the statistical time properties of the gravitational interaction.
Hohenberger, M., E-mail: mhoh@lle.rochester.edu; Stoeckl, C. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); Albert, F.; Palmer, N. E.; Döppner, T.; Divol, L.; Dewald, E. L.; Bachmann, B.; MacPhee, A. G.; LaCaille, G.; Bradley, D. K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Lee, J. J. [National Security Technologies LLC, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
In laser-driven inertial confinement fusion, hot electrons can preheat the fuel and prevent fusion-pellet compression to ignition conditions. Measuring the hot-electron population is key to designing an optimized ignition platform. The hot electrons in these high-intensity, laser-driven experiments, created via laser-plasma interactions, can be inferred from the bremsstrahlung generated by hot electrons interacting with the target. At the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, Opt. Eng. 43, 2841 (2004)], the filter-fluorescer x-ray (FFLEX) diagnostic–a multichannel, hard x-ray spectrometer operating in the 20–500 keV range–has been upgraded to provide fully time-resolved, absolute measurements of the bremsstrahlung spectrum with ?300 ps resolution. Initial time-resolved data exhibited significant background and low signal-to-noise ratio, leading to a redesign of the FFLEX housing and enhanced shielding around the detector. The FFLEX x-ray sensitivity was characterized with an absolutely calibrated, energy-dispersive high-purity germanium detector using the high-energy x-ray source at NSTec Livermore Operations over a range of K-shell fluorescence energies up to 111 keV (U K{sub ?}). The detectors impulse response function was measured in situ on NIF short-pulse (?90 ps) experiments, and in off-line tests.
Chesnokov, E. N.; Koshlyakov, P. V. [Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Kubarev, V. V. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Kulipanov, G. N. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)
2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
Optical free induction decay (FID) in the region of 60-75 cm{sup -1} was detected using 120 ps pulses of free electron laser. Signals were detected in real time using ultra-fast Schottky diode detectors. The oscillations corresponding to the splitting of absorption lines in deuterated water vapor ({Delta}f = 0.15 cm{sup -1}) and hydrogen bromide ({Delta}f = 0.02 cm{sup -1}) were detected. At high optical density, we observed the oscillations arising from 'top-hat' shape of absorption lines. Free induction decay signals could be detected in a single shot. This observation allowed obtaining a spectrum in one laser pulse, which facilitates studies of very fast processes.
Growing interfaces uncover universal fluctuations behind scale invariance
Kazumasa A. Takeuchi; Masaki Sano; Tomohiro Sasamoto; Herbert Spohn
2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
Stochastic motion of a point -- known as Brownian motion -- has many successful applications in science, thanks to its scale invariance and consequent universal features such as Gaussian fluctuations. In contrast, the stochastic motion of a line, though it is also scale-invariant and arises in nature as various types of interface growth, is far less understood. The two major missing ingredients are: an experiment that allows a quantitative comparison with theory and an analytic solution of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation, a prototypical equation for describing growing interfaces. Here we solve both problems, showing unprecedented universality beyond the scaling laws. We investigate growing interfaces of liquid-crystal turbulence and find not only universal scaling, but universal distributions of interface positions. They obey the largest-eigenvalue distributions of random matrices and depend on whether the interface is curved or flat, albeit universal in each case. Our exact solution of the KPZ equation provides theoretical explanations.
E. Miller-Ricci; J. F. Rowe; D. Sasselov; J. M. Matthews; D. B. Guenther; R. Kuschnig; A. F. J Moffat; S. M. Rucinski; G. A. H Walker; W. W. Weiss
2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
We report on the measurement of transit times for the HD 209458 planetary system from photometry obtained with the MOST (Microvariability & Oscillations of STars) space telescope. Deviations from a constant orbital period can indicate the presence of additional planets in the system that are yet undetected, potentially with masses approaching an Earth mass. The MOST data sets of HD 209458 from 2004 and 2005 represent unprecedented time coverage with nearly continuous observations spanning 14 and 43 days and monitoring 3 transits and 12 consecutive transits, respectively. The transit times we obtain show no variations on three scales: (a) no long-term change in P since before 2004 at the 25 ms level, (b) no trend in transit timings during the 2005 run, and (c) no individual transit timing deviations above 80 sec level. Together with previously published transit times from Agol & Steffen (2007), this allows us to place limits on the presence of additional close-in planets in the system, in some cases down to below an Earth mass. This result, along with previous radial velocity work, now eliminates the possibility that a perturbing planet could be responsible for the additional heat source needed to explain HD 209458b's anomalous low density.
Extension of gyrokinetics to transport time scales
Parra Díaz, Félix Ignacio
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In the last decade, gyrokinetic simulations have greatly improved our theoretical understanding of turbulent transport in fusion devices. Most gyrokinetic models in use are [sigma]f simulations in which the slowly varying ...
A perspective on time: loss frequencies, time scales and lifetimes
Prather, Michael J; Holmes, Christopher D
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
isotopic variations in atmospheric chemistry. Geophys. Res.Perturbation dynamics in atmospheric chemistry. J. Geophys.eigenstates in atmospheric chemistry. Geophys. Res. Lett.
Asphaug, Erik; Jutzi, Martin
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Global scale impacts modify the physical or thermal state of a substantial fraction of a target asteroid. Specific effects include accretion, family formation, reshaping, mixing and layering, shock and frictional heating, fragmentation, material compaction, dilatation, stripping of mantle and crust, and seismic degradation. Deciphering the complicated record of global scale impacts, in asteroids and meteorites, will lead us to understand the original planet-forming process and its resultant populations, and their evolution in time as collisions became faster and fewer. We provide a brief overview of these ideas, and an introduction to models.
Elastic strain engineering for unprecedented materials properties
Li, Ju
“Smaller is stronger.” Nanostructured materials such as thin films, nanowires, nanoparticles, bulk nanocomposites, and atomic sheets can withstand non-hydrostatic (e.g., tensile or shear) stresses up to a significant ...
Report on Fission Time Projection Chamber M3FT-12IN0210052
James K. Jewell
2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Time Projection Chamber is a collaborative effort to implement an innovative approach and deliver unprecedented fission measurements to DOE programs. This 4?-detector system will provide unrivaled 3-D data about the fission process. Shown here is a half populated TPC (2?) at the LLNL TPC laboratory as it undergoes testing before being shipped to LANSCE for beam experiments.
Telnov, Dmitry A.; Chu, Shih-I
2002-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the exterior-complex-scaling–generalized-pseudospectral (ECSGPS) method [D. A. Telnov and S. I. Chu, Phys. Rev. A 59, 2864 (1999)] to the nonperturbative calculations of complex-quasienergy resonances of many-electron quantum systems...
Building up the screening below the femtosecond scale
Muiño, Ricardo Díez
Building up the screening below the femtosecond scale A. Borisov a;b D. S#19;anchez-Portal b;c R. D that the screening is built-up locally on a time scale well below the femtosecond for typical metallic densities. At this ultrashort time scale, the time evolution is not a#11;ected by the cluster boundary conditions, and our
A. Boyarsky; P Gora
2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
We present a definition of time measurement based on high energy photons and the fundamental length scale, and show that, for macroscopic time, it is in accord with the Lorentz transformation of special relativity. To do this we define observer in a different way than in special relativity.
Scaling the Web Scaling Web Sites
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Scaling Web Sites Through Caching A large jump in a Web site's traffic may indi, pushing the site's through- put to its maximum point. When a Web site becomes overloaded, cus- tomers grow-generated revenue and may even tarnish the reputation of organizations relying on Web sites to support mission
DECOMPOSITION OF LARGE-SCALE STOCHASTIC OPTIMAL ...
2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
consider dynamical systems that can be divided into small-scale independent .... realizations of the noise process are identical up to time t, then the same ..... without our approximation, the algorithm would build primal iterates that converge ...
Robot calibration without scaling
Ives, Thomas W.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
methods. Scaling is a common way of improving the condition number for a matrix. Researchers in other fields have developed specific methods of scaling matrices to improve the condition number. However, robotics researchers have not specifically addressed...
Scaling Analysis of On-Chip Power Grid Voltage Variations in Nanometer Scale ULSI
Pedram, Massoud
Scaling Analysis of On-Chip Power Grid Voltage Variations in Nanometer Scale ULSI AMIR H. AJAMI, 1 be insufficient to limit the voltage fluctuations over the power grid for future technologies. It is also shown voltage drop in the power grid may result in a functional failure in dynamic logic and a timing violation
Scaling of pressurized fluidized beds
Guralnik, S.; Glicksman, L.R.
1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The project has two primary objectives. The first is to verify a set of hydrodynamic scaling relationships for commercial pressurized fluidized bed combustors (PFBC). The second objective is to investigate solids mixing in pressurized bubbling fluidized beds. American Electric Power`s (AEP) Tidd combined-cycle demonstration plant will provide time-varying pressure drop data to serve as the basis for the scaling verification. The verification will involve demonstrating that a properly scaled cold model and the Tidd PFBC exhibit hydrodynamically similar behavior. An important issue in PFBC design is the spacing of fuel feed ports. The feed spacing is dictated by the fuel distribution and the mixing characteristics within the bed. After completing the scaling verification, the cold model will be used to study the characteristics of PFBCs. A thermal tracer technique will be utilized to study mixing both near the fuel feed region and in the far field. The results allow the coal feed and distributor to be designed for optimal heating.
Silica Scaling Removal Process
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Center (505) 665-9090 Email Silica Scaling Removal Process Applications: Cooling tower systems Water treatment systems Water evaporation systems Potential mining...
Conradi, Albert F.
1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2. OFFIOB) o y STATE ENTOMOLOGIST COLLEGE STATION, (bmzh. so.) TEXAS. ? 3S7-807-10M TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS. BULLETIN No. 8 7 . THE SAN JOSE SCALE Inscticide and Spray Machine Laboratory, Department ot Entomology, A. and M... ....................................................................................................... 8 SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosusJ Comst.) With the rapid growth of the fruit industry in Texas and the occur? rence of the San Jose Scale within our borders, we are confronted with one of the gravest entomological problems. The Scale...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
of EMSL's Subsurface Flow and Transport Laboratory (SFTL) with a focus on coupled (multiphase) flow, diffusion, and reactions processes at the microscopic scale (m to cm) that...
Thermodynamics and scale relativity
Robert Carroll
2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown how the fractal paths of scale relativity (following Nottale) can be introduced into a thermodynamical context (following Asadov-Kechkin).
Burra G. Sidharth
2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
We briefly review two concepts of time - the usual time associated with "being" and more recent ideas, answering to the description of "becoming". The approximation involved in the former is examined. Finally we argue that it is (unpredictable) fluctuations that underlie time.
Yet another time about time - Part I
Plamen L. Simeonov
2015-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents yet another personal reflection on one the most important concepts in both science and the humanities: time. This elusive notion has been not only bothering philosophers since Plato and Aristotle. It goes throughout human history embracing all analytical and creative (anthropocentric) disciplines. Time has been a central theme in physical and life sciences, philosophy, psychology, music, art and many more. This theme is known with a vast body of knowledge across different theories and categories. What has been explored concerns its nature (rational, irrational, arational), appearances/qualia, degrees, dimensions and scales of conceptualization (internal, external, fractal, discrete, continuous, mechanical, quantum, local, global, etc.). Of particular interest have been parameters of time such as duration ranges, resolutions, modes (present, now, past, future), varieties of tenses (e.g. present perfect, present progressive, etc.) and some intuitive, but also fancy phenomenological characteristics such as arrow, stream, texture, width, depth, density, even scent. Perhaps the most distinct characteristic of this fundamental concept is the absolute time constituting the flow of consciousness according to Husserl, the reflection of pure (human) nature without having the distinction between exo and endo. This essay is a personal reflection upon the meaning of time in modern physics and phenomenological philosophy.
Cosmological constant in scale-invariant theories
Foot, Robert; Kobakhidze, Archil; Volkas, Raymond R. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)
2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The incorporation of a small cosmological constant within radiatively broken scale-invariant models is discussed. We show that phenomenologically consistent scale-invariant models can be constructed which allow a small positive cosmological constant, providing certain relation between the particle masses is satisfied. As a result, the mass of the dilaton is generated at two-loop level. Another interesting consequence is that the electroweak symmetry-breaking vacuum in such models is necessarily a metastable ''false'' vacuum which, fortunately, is not expected to decay on cosmological time scales.
L. Agostino; B. Andrieu; R. Asfandiyarov; D. Autiero; O. Bésida; F. Bay; R. Bayes; A. M. Blebea-Apostu; A. Blondel; M. Bogomilov; S. Bolognesi; S. Bordoni; A. Bravar; M. Buizza-Avanzini; F. Cadoux; D. Caiulo; M. Calin; M. Campanelli; C. Cantini; L. Chaussard; D. Chesneanu; N. Colino; P. Crivelli; I. De Bonis; Y. Déclais; J. Dawson; C. De La Taille; P. Del Amo Sanchez; A. Delbart; S. Di Luise; D. Duchesneau; F. Dulucq; J. Dumarchez; I. Efthymiopoulos; S. Emery; T. Enqvist; L. Epprecht; T. Esanu; D. Franco; D. Franco; M. Friend; V. Galymov; A. Gendotti; C. Giganti; I. Gil-Botella; M. C Gomoiu; P. Gorodetzky; A. Haesler; T. Hasegawa; S. Horikawa; M. Ieva; A. Jipa; Y. Karadzhov; I. Karpikov; A. Khotjantsev; A. Korzenev; D. Kryn; Y. Kudenko; P. Kuusiniemi; I. Lazanu; J. -M. Levy; K. Loo; T. Lux; J. Maalampi; R. M. Margineanu; J. Marteau; C. Martin; G. Martin-Chassard; E. Mazzucato; A. Mefodiev; O. Mineev; B. Mitrica; S. Murphy; T. Nakadaira; M. Nessi; K. Nikolics; L. Nita; E. Noah; P. Novella; G. A. Nuijten; T. Ovsiannikova; C. Palomares; T. Patzak; E. Pennacchio; L. Periale; H. Pessard; B. Popov; M. Ravonel; M. Rayner; C. Regenfus; C. Ristea; O. Ristea; A. Robert; A. Rubbia; K. Sakashita; F. Sanchez; R. Santorelli; E. Scantamburlo; F. Sergiampietri; D. Sgalaberna; M. Slupecki; F. J. P. Soler; D. L. Stanca; A. Tonazzo; W. H. Trzaska; R. Tsenov; G. Vankova-Kirilova; F. Vannucci; G. Vasseur; A. Verdugo; T. Viant; S. Wu; N. Yershov; L. Zambelli; M. Zito
2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
In June 2012, an Expression of Interest for a long-baseline experiment (LBNO) has been submitted to the CERN SPSC. LBNO considers three types of neutrino detector technologies: a double-phase liquid argon (LAr) TPC and a magnetised iron detector as far detectors. For the near detector, a high-pressure gas TPC embedded in a calorimeter and a magnet is the baseline design. A mandatory milestone is a concrete prototyping effort towards the envisioned large-scale detectors, and an accompanying campaign of measurements aimed at assessing the detector associated systematic errors. The proposed $6\\times 6\\times 6$m$^3$ DLAr is an industrial prototype of the design discussed in the EoI and scalable to 20 kton or 50~kton. It is to be constructed and operated in a controlled laboratory and surface environment with test beam access, such as the CERN North Area (NA). Its successful operation and full characterisation will be a fundamental milestone, likely opening the path to an underground deployment of larger detectors. The response of the DLAr demonstrator will be measured and understood with an unprecedented precision in a charged particle test beam (0.5-20 GeV/c). The exposure will certify the assumptions and calibrate the response of the detector, and allow to develop and to benchmark sophisticated reconstruction algorithms, such as those of 3-dimensional tracking, particle ID and energy flow in liquid argon. All these steps are fundamental for validating the correctness of the physics performance described in the LBNO EoI.
John Ashmead
2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
Normally we quantize along the space dimensions but treat time classically. But from relativity we expect a high level of symmetry between time and space. What happens if we quantize time using the same rules we use to quantize space? To do this, we generalize the paths in the Feynman path integral to include paths that vary in time as well as in space. We use Morlet wavelet decomposition to ensure convergence and normalization of the path integrals. We derive the Schr\\"odinger equation in four dimensions from the short time limit of the path integral expression. We verify that we recover standard quantum theory in the non-relativistic, semi-classical, and long time limits. Quantum time is an experiment factory: most foundational experiments in quantum mechanics can be modified in a way that makes them tests of quantum time. We look at single and double slits in time, scattering by time-varying electric and magnetic fields, and the Aharonov-Bohm effect in time.
John Max Wilson; Keith Andrew
2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the relative time scales associated with finite future cosmological singularities, especially those classified as Big Rip cosmologies, and the maximum predictability time of a coupled FRW-KG scalar cosmology with chaotic regimes. Our approach is to show that by starting with a FRW-KG scalar cosmology with a potential that admits an analytical solution resulting in a finite time future singularity there exists a Lyapunov time scale that is earlier than the formation of the singularity. For this singularity both the cosmological scale parameter a(t) and the Hubble parameter H(t) become infinite at a finite future time, the Big Rip time. We compare this time scale to the predictability time scale for a chaotic FRW-KG scalar cosmology. We find that there are cases where the chaotic time scale is earlier than the Big Rip singularity calling for special care in interpreting and predicting the formation of the future cosmological singularity.
Conradi, Albert F.
1906-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
....................................................................................................... 8 SAN JOSE SCALE (Aspidiotus perniciosusJ Comst.) With the rapid growth of the fruit industry in Texas and the occur? rence of the San Jose Scale within our borders, we are confronted with one of the gravest entomological problems. The Scale... tissues are exposed for them to feed on. They become so crowded as to overlap, creating an ashy gray scurvy incrustation on the bark. They may occur on both sides of the leaf causing purplish, grayish or reddish discolorations on the young wood of peach...
Utility-Scale Concentrating Solar Power and Photovoltaic Projects: A Technology and Market Overview
Mendelsohn, M.; Lowder, T.; Canavan, B.
2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Over the last several years, solar energy technologies have been, or are in the process of being, deployed at unprecedented levels. A critical recent development, resulting from the massive scale of projects in progress or recently completed, is having the power sold directly to electric utilities. Such 'utility-scale' systems offer the opportunity to deploy solar technologies far faster than the traditional 'behind-the-meter' projects designed to offset retail load. Moreover, these systems have employed significant economies of scale during construction and operation, attracting financial capital, which in turn can reduce the delivered cost of power. This report is a summary of the current U.S. utility-scale solar state-of-the-market and development pipeline. Utility-scale solar energy systems are generally categorized as one of two basic designs: concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaic (PV). CSP systems can be further delineated into four commercially available technologies: parabolic trough, central receiver (CR), parabolic dish, and linear Fresnel reflector. CSP systems can also be categorized as hybrid, which combine a solar-based system (generally parabolic trough, CR, or linear Fresnel) and a fossil fuel energy system to produce electric power or steam.
R. Brout; R. Parentani
1999-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
The notion of time in cosmology is revealed through an examination of transition matrix elements of radiative processes occurring in the cosmos. To begin with, the very concept of time is delineated in classical physics in terms of correlations between the succession of configurations which describe a process and a standard trajectory called the clock. The total is an isolated system of fixed energy. This is relevant for cosmology in that the universe is an isolated system which we take to be homogeneous and isotropic. Furthermore, in virtue of the constraint which arises from reparametrization invariance of time, it has total energy zero. Therefore the momentum of the scale factor is determined from the energy of matter. In the quantum theory this is exploited through use of the WKB approximation for the wave function of the scale factor, justified for a large universe. The formalism then gives rise to matrix elements describing matter processes. These are shown to take on the form of usual time dependent quantum amplitudes wherein the temporal dependence is given by a background which is once more fixed by the total energy of matter.
The propagation of kinetic energy across scales in turbulent flows
Cardesa, José I; Dong, Siwei; Jiménez, Javier
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A temporal study of energy transfer across length scales is performed in 3D numerical simulations of homogeneous shear flow and isotropic turbulence, at Reynolds numbers in the range $Re_{\\lambda}=107-384$. The average time taken by perturbations in the energy flux to travel between scales is measured and shown to be additive, as inferred from the agreement between the total travel time from a given scale to the smallest dissipative motions, and the time estimated from successive jumps through intermediate scales. Our data suggests that the propagation of disturbances in the energy flux is independent of the forcing and that it defines a `velocity' that determines the energy flux itself. These results support that the cascade is, on average, a scale-local process where energy is continuously transmitted from one scale to the next in order of decreasing size.
Abreu, Gabriel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a general time-dependent (3+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric spacetime, the so-called Kodama vector is a naturally defined geometric quantity that is timelike outside the evolving horizon and so defines a preferred class of fiducial observers. However the Kodama vector does not by itself define any preferred notion of time. We demonstrate that a preferred time coordinate - which we shall call Kodama time - can be introduced by taking the additional step of applying the Clebsch decomposition theorem to the Kodama vector. We thus construct a geometrically preferred coordinate system for any time-dependent spherically symmetric spacetime, and explore its properties. In particular we use this formalism to construct a general class of conservation laws, generalizing Kodama's energy flux. We study the geometrically preferred fiducial observers, and demonstrate that it is possible to define and calculate a generalized notion of surface gravity that is valid throughout the entire evolving spacetime. Furthermor...
Large scale disease prediction
Schmid, Patrick R. (Patrick Raphael)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of this thesis is to present the foundation of an automated large-scale disease prediction system. Unlike previous work that has typically focused on a small self-contained dataset, we explore the possibility ...
A Method for Calculating Reference Evapotranspiration on Daily Time Scales
Farmer, William
Measures of reference evapotranspiration are essential for applications of agricultural management and water resources engineering. Using numerous esoteric variables, one can calculate daily reference evapotranspiration ...
Time and length scales of autocrine signals in three dimensions
Mathieu Coppey; Alexander M. Berezhkovskii; Stuart C. Sealfon; Stanislav Y. Shvartsman
2007-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
A model of autocrine signaling in cultures of suspended cells is developed on the basis of the effective medium approximation. The fraction of autocrine ligands, the mean and distribution of distances traveled by paracrine ligands before binding, as well as the mean and distribution of the ligand lifetime are derived. Interferon signaling by dendritic immune cells is considered as an illustration.
Regional Projections of Climate on Decadal Time Scales: High resolution
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,SeparationConnect JournalPentoxide.Conference: Radiative Penguinelectrodes.progress reportamine sorbentsglobal
Regional Projections of Climate on Decadal Time Scales: High resolution
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,SeparationConnect JournalPentoxide.Conference: Radiative Penguinelectrodes.progress reportamine
Time-Off Awards Scale | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23Tribal Energy Program GrantState Energy Loan ProgramHydraulicReno,We've been busy37MostofitsTimofThis
AssumeGuarantee Refinement Between Different Time Scales ?;??
Henzinger, Thomas A.
been implemented in the model checker Mocha and successfully applied to verify the VGI multiprocessor
Paradoxical Interpretations of Urban Scaling Laws
Cottineau, Clementine; Arcaute, Elsa; Batty, Michael
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Scaling laws are powerful summaries of the variations of urban attributes with city size. However, the validity of their universal meaning for cities is hampered by the observation that different scaling regimes can be encountered for the same territory, time and attribute, depending on the criteria used to delineate cities. The aim of this paper is to present new insights concerning this variation, coupled with a sensitivity analysis of urban scaling in France, for several socio-economic and infrastructural attributes from data collected exhaustively at the local level. The sensitivity analysis considers different aggregations of local units for which data are given by the Population Census. We produce a large variety of definitions of cities (approximatively 5000) by aggregating local Census units corresponding to the systematic combination of three definitional criteria: density, commuting flows and population cutoffs. We then measure the magnitude of scaling estimations and their sensitivity to city defin...
Giovannetti, Vittorio
We give a consistent quantum description of time, based on Page and Wootters’s conditional probabilities mechanism, which overcomes the criticisms that were raised against similar previous proposals. In particular we show ...
Florida Wax Scales: Control Measures in Texas for Hollies
Drees, Bastiaan M.; Reinert, James; Williams, Michael L.
2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
mold. Wax scales injure plants by removing large amounts of plant sap. Severe infestations may discol- or the leaves, cause shoots or branches to die back and occasionally kill the entire plant. Wax scales also produce honeydew, which serves as a..., and the foliage containing acephate will kill young scales that settle on the leaves and begin to feed on the plant sap. Timing: In Texas, the Florida wax scale eggs hatch primarily twice per year, although some eggs can hatch at any time. Egg hatch occurs...
Unknown
2011-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
-1 THE PREDICTION OF BUS ARRIVAL TIME USING AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEMS DATA A Dissertation by RAN HEE JEONG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Civil Engineering THE PREDICTION OF BUS ARRIVAL TIME USING AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEMS DATA A Dissertation by RAN HEE JEONG Submitted to Texas A...
Scaling laws of solar and stellar flares
Markus J. Aschwanden; Robert A. Stern; Manuel Güdel
2007-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this study we compile for the first time comprehensive data sets of solar and stellar flare parameters, including flare peak temperatures T_p, flare peak volume emission measures EM_p, and flare durations t_f from both solar and stellar data, as well as flare length scales L from solar data. Key results are that both the solar and stellar data are consistent with a common scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.7, but the stellar flares exhibit ~250 times higher emission measures (at the same flare peak temperature). For solar flares we observe also systematic trends for the flare length scale L(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 and the flare duration t_F(T_p) ~ T_p^0.9 as a function of the flare peak temperature. Using the theoretical RTV scaling law and the fractal volume scaling observed for solar flares, i.e., V(L) ~ L^2.4, we predict a scaling law of EM_p ~ T_p^4.3, which is consistent with observations, and a scaling law for electron densities in flare loops, n_p ~ T_p^2/L ~ T_p^1.1. The RTV-predicted electron densities were also found to be consistent with densities inferred from total emission measures, n_p=(EM_p/q_V*V)^1/2, using volume filling factors of q_V=0.03-0.08 constrained by fractal dimensions measured in solar flares. Our results affect also the determination of radiative and conductive cooling times, thermal energies, and frequency distributions of solar and stellar flare energies.
A Hollow-Ion Resonance of Unprecedented Strength
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) | SciTech Connect Journal Article:Technologies | BlandineDecember 2012 Tue,2015the rapidAA Clean EnergyA DNA|AAA
Mesh Generation for SHARP: Unprecedented Complexity | Department of Energy
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports to3,1,50022,3,,0,,6,1,Separation 23 362Transmission:portion5 , 3004 SIJI3JII(We are following up on our meeting withDepartmentSHARP
A Hollow-Ion Resonance of Unprecedented Strength
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 2013 Tue, 08/27/2013 -11% - A : a 4 \''\FernDepartmentA Hollow-Ion
A Hollow-Ion Resonance of Unprecedented Strength
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 2013 Tue, 08/27/2013 -11% - A : a 4 \''\FernDepartmentA
A Hollow-Ion Resonance of Unprecedented Strength
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 2013 Tue, 08/27/2013 -11% - A : a 4 \''\FernDepartmentAA
A Hollow-Ion Resonance of Unprecedented Strength
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNEAugust 2013 Tue, 08/27/2013 -11% - A : a 4 \''\FernDepartmentAAA
The new Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility (IBRF) offers an unprecedented
Advance Commercial Success of Thin-Film PV Cells The thin-film solar cells in use today could not function and are used to form the front of the solar cell. Improving the quality and properties of TCOs is widely of flexibility for NREL's science and technology experts to develop cost-effec- tive biofuels processes and move
Scaling the Web Performance and Availability
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Performance and Availability of Internet Data Centers Daniel A. Menascé · George, including response time, throughput, and availability, in the context of Web scalability. In most of my past) as a motivating example to discuss how performance and availability are interrelated. IDCs provide the means
The Large Observatory For X-ray Timing: LOFT
Bozzo, E
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
LOFT, the Large Observatory for X-ray Timing, is a new space mission concept devoted to observations of Galactic and extra-Galactic sources in the X-ray domain with the main goals of probing gravity theory in the very strong field environment of black holes and other compact objects, and investigating the state of matter at supra-nuclear densities in neutron stars. The instruments on-board LOFT, the Large area detector and the Wide Field Monitor combine for the first time an unprecedented large effective area (~10 m2 at 8 keV) sensitive to X-ray photons mainly in the 2-30 keV energy range and a spectral resolution approaching that of CCD-based telescopes (down to 200 eV at 6 keV). LOFT is currently competing for a launch of opportunity in 2022 together with the other M3 mission candidates of the ESA Cosmic Vision Program.
Daiqin Su; T. C. Ralph
2015-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the particle number distribution of diamond modes, modes that are localised in a finite space-time region, are thermal for the Minkowski vacuum state of a massless scalar field, an analogue to the Unruh effect. The temperature of the diamond is inversely proportional to its size. An inertial observer can detect this thermal radiation by coupling to the diamond modes using an appropriate energy scaled detector. We further investigate the correlations between various diamonds and find that entanglement between adjacent diamonds dominates.
Jankowiak, Martin; Larkoski, Andrew J.; /SLAC
2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a jet shape observable defined for an ensemble of jets in terms of two-particle angular correlations and a resolution parameter R. This quantity is infrared and collinear safe and can be interpreted as a scaling exponent for the angular distribution of mass inside the jet. For small R it is close to the value 2 as a consequence of the approximately scale invariant QCD dynamics. For large R it is sensitive to non-perturbative effects. We describe the use of this correlation function for tests of QCD, for studying underlying event and pile-up effects, and for tuning Monte Carlo event generators.
Business Time in the Foreign Exchange Markets
Edinburgh, University of
Business Time in the Foreign Exchange Markets Mark J L Orr Centre for Cognitive Science Edinburgh University June 1997 #12; Business Time in the Foreign Exchange Markets Mark J L Orr y Centre for Cognitive; Contents 1 Introduction 4 2 The Price Change Scaling Law 5 3 Business Time 7 4 The BZW Data 11 5 Volatility
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Web Server Software Architectures W eb site scalability depends on several things -- workload characteristics,1 security mechanisms,2 Web cluster architectures3 -- as I've discussed in previous issues. Another important item that can affect a site's performance and scalability is the Web
Dynamic cluster-scaling in DNA
A. Bershadskii
2010-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the nucleotide sequences in DNA molecules have cluster-scaling properties (discovered for the first time in turbulent processes: Sreenivasan and Bershadskii, 2006, J. Stat. Phys., 125, 1141-1153.). These properties are relevant to both types of nucleotide pair-bases interactions: hydrogen bonds and stacking interactions. It is shown that taking into account the cluster-scaling properties can help to improve heterogeneous models of the DNA dynamics. Two human genes: BRCA2 and NRXN1, have been considered as examples.
Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded
Hall, Julian
, statistics finance supply chain, revenue management, advertising control signal and image processing, . . . ) total variation reconstruction in signal processing compressed sensing Convex Optimization 11 #12Convex Optimization: from Real-Time Embedded to Large-Scale Distributed Stephen Boyd Neal Parikh
Scaling attractors for quintessence in flat universe with cosmological term
V. V. Kiselev
2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z
For evolution of flat universe, we classify late time and future attractors with scaling behavior of scalar field quintessence in the case of potential, which, at definite values of its parameters and initial data, corresponds to exact scaling in the presence of cosmological constant.
The Dynamics of SmallScale Turbulence Driven Flows
Hammett, Greg
the existence of a linearly undamped component of the flow which could build up in time and lower the finalThe Dynamics of SmallScale Turbulence Driven Flows M. A. Beer and G. W. Hammett PPPL APS DPP meeting, November 1997 The dynamics of smallscale fluctuation driven flows are of great in terest
Miller, William H.
Quantum time evolution in time-dependent fields and time-independent reactive is suggested for accurate large-scale quantum dynamics simulations. The time-dependent Schro¨dinger equation with finite time-dependent interaction terms is replaced by an inhomogeneous equation with imaginary boundary
BENCH SCALE SALTSTONE PROCESS DEVELOPMENT MIXING STUDY
Cozzi, A.; Hansen, E.
2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was requested to develop a bench scale test facility, using a mixer, transfer pump, and transfer line to determine the impact of conveying the grout through the transfer lines to the vault on grout properties. Bench scale testing focused on the effect the transfer line has on the rheological property of the grout as it was processed through the transfer line. Rheological and other physical properties of grout samples were obtained prior to and after pumping through a transfer line. The Bench Scale Mixing Rig (BSMR) consisted of two mixing tanks, grout feed tank, transfer pump and transfer hose. The mixing tanks were used to batch the grout which was then transferred into the grout feed tank. The contents of the feed tank were then pumped through the transfer line (hose) using a progressive cavity pump. The grout flow rate and pump discharge pressure were monitored. Four sampling stations were located along the length of the transfer line at the 5, 105 and 205 feet past the transfer pump and at 305 feet, the discharge of the hose. Scaling between the full scale piping at Saltstone to bench scale testing at SRNL was performed by maintaining the same shear rate and total shear at the wall of the transfer line. The results of scaling down resulted in a shorter transfer line, a lower average velocity, the same transfer time and similar pressure drops. The condition of flow in the bench scale transfer line is laminar. The flow in the full scale pipe is in the transition region, but is more laminar than turbulent. The resulting plug in laminar flow in the bench scale results in a region of no-mixing. Hence mixing, or shearing, at the bench scale should be less than that observed in the full scale, where this plug is non existent due to the turbulent flow. The bench scale tests should be considered to be conservative due to the highly laminar condition of flow that exists. Two BSMR runs were performed. In both cases, wall shearing was shown to reduce the rheological properties of the grout as it was processed through the transfer line. Samples taken at the static feed tank showed that gelling impacted the rheological properties of the grout before it was fed into the pump and transfer line. A comparison of the rheological properties of samples taken at the feed tank and transfer line discharge indicated shearing of the grout was occurring in the transfer line. Bench scale testing of different mixing methods with three different salt solutions showed that method of mixing influences the rheological properties of the grouts. The paddle blade mixing method of the salt solution used for the BMSR testing provided comparable rheological properties of the grout prepared in the BMSR after 14 minutes of processing, B3. The paddle blade mixing method can be used to represent BMSR results and mixing time can be adjusted to represent larger scale mixing.
Platforms and real options in large-scale engineering systems
Kalligeros, Konstantinos C., 1976-
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis introduces a framework and two methodologies that enable engineering management teams to assess the value of real options in programs of large-scale, partially standardized systems implemented a few times over ...
Parallel Stochastic Gradient Algorithms for Large-Scale Matrix ...
2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
parallel implementation that admits a speed-up nearly proportional to the ... On large-scale matrix completion tasks, Jellyfish is orders of magnitude more ...... get a consistent build of NNLS with mex optimizations at the time of this submission.
F. Bosi; D. Misseroni; F. Dal Corso; D. Bigoni
2015-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
The concept of 'deformable arm scale' (completely different from a traditional rigid arm balance) is theoretically introduced and experimentally validated. The idea is not intuitive, but is the result of nonlinear equilibrium kinematics of rods inducing configurational forces, so that deflection of the arms becomes necessary for the equilibrium, which would be impossible for a rigid system. In particular, the rigid arms of usual scales are replaced by a flexible elastic lamina, free of sliding in a frictionless and inclined sliding sleeve, which can reach a unique equilibrium configuration when two vertical dead loads are applied. Prototypes realized to demonstrate the feasibility of the system show a high accuracy in the measure of load within a certain range of use. It is finally shown that the presented results are strongly related to snaking of confined beams, with implications on locomotion of serpents, plumbing, and smart oil drilling.
Bosi, F; Corso, F Dal; Bigoni, D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The concept of 'deformable arm scale' (completely different from a traditional rigid arm balance) is theoretically introduced and experimentally validated. The idea is not intuitive, but is the result of nonlinear equilibrium kinematics of rods inducing configurational forces, so that deflection of the arms becomes necessary for the equilibrium, which would be impossible for a rigid system. In particular, the rigid arms of usual scales are replaced by a flexible elastic lamina, free of sliding in a frictionless and inclined sliding sleeve, which can reach a unique equilibrium configuration when two vertical dead loads are applied. Prototypes realized to demonstrate the feasibility of the system show a high accuracy in the measure of load within a certain range of use. It is finally shown that the presented results are strongly related to snaking of confined beams, with implications on locomotion of serpents, plumbing, and smart oil drilling.
Supergranulation Scale Connection Simulations
R. F. Stein; A. Nordlund; D. Georgobiani; D. Benson; W. Schaffenberger
2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Results of realistic simulations of solar surface convection on the scale of supergranules (96 Mm wide by 20 Mm deep) are presented. The simulations cover only 10% of the geometric depth of the solar convection zone, but half its pressure scale heights. They include the hydrogen, first and most of the second helium ionization zones. The horizontal velocity spectrum is a power law and the horizontal size of the dominant convective cells increases with increasing depth. Convection is driven by buoyancy work which is largest close to the surface, but significant over the entire domain. Close to the surface buoyancy driving is balanced by the divergence of the kinetic energy flux, but deeper down it is balanced by dissipation. The damping length of the turbulent kinetic energy is 4 pressure scale heights. The mass mixing length is 1.8 scale heights. Two thirds of the area is upflowing fluid except very close to the surface. The internal (ionization) energy flux is the largest contributor to the convective flux for temperatures less than 40,000 K and the thermal energy flux is the largest contributor at higher temperatures. This data set is useful for validating local helioseismic inversion methods. Sixteen hours of data are available as four hour averages, with two hour cadence, at steinr.msu.edu/~bob/96averages, as idl save files. The variables stored are the density, temperature, sound speed, and three velocity components. In addition, the three velocity components at 200 km above mean continuum optical depth unity are available at 30 sec. cadence.
Extreme Scale Visual Analytics
Steed, Chad A [ORNL] [ORNL; Potok, Thomas E [ORNL] [ORNL; Pullum, Laura L [ORNL] [ORNL; Ramanathan, Arvind [ORNL] [ORNL; Shipman, Galen M [ORNL] [ORNL; Thornton, Peter E [ORNL] [ORNL
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Given the scale and complexity of today s data, visual analytics is rapidly becoming a necessity rather than an option for comprehensive exploratory analysis. In this paper, we provide an overview of three applications of visual analytics for addressing the challenges of analyzing climate, text streams, and biosurveilance data. These systems feature varying levels of interaction and high performance computing technology integration to permit exploratory analysis of large and complex data of global significance.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNE LArTPC Sarah Lockwitz, FNAL 2013 DPFTheses 2014No.7 D I STime Off Time Off A
Y. Arimoto; N. Higashi; Y. Igarashi; Y. Iwashita; T. Ino; R. Katayama; R. Kitahara; M. Kitaguchi; H. Matsumura; K. Mishima; H. Oide; H. Otono; R. Sakakibara; T. Shima; H. M. Shimizu; T. Sugino; N. Sumi; H. Sumino; K. Taketani; G. Tanaka; M. Tanaka; K. Tauchi; A. Toyoda; T. Yamada; S. Yamashita; H. Yokoyama; T. Yoshioka
2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
A new time projection chamber (TPC) was developed for neutron lifetime measurement using a pulsed cold neutron spallation source at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Managing considerable background events from natural sources and the beam radioactivity is a challenging aspect of this measurement. To overcome this problem, the developed TPC has unprecedented features such as the use of polyether-ether-ketone plates in the support structure and internal surfaces covered with $^6$Li-enriched tiles to absorb outlier neutrons. In this paper, the design and performance of the new TPC are reported in detail.
Arimoto, Y; Igarashi, Y; Iwashita, Y; Ino, T; Katayama, R; Kitahara, R; Kitaguchi, M; Matsumura, H; Mishima, K; Oide, H; Otono, H; Sakakibara, R; Shima, T; Shimizu, H M; Sugino, T; Sumi, N; Sumino, H; Taketani, K; Tanaka, G; Tanaka, M; Tauchi, K; Toyoda, A; Yamada, T; Yamashita, S; Yokoyama, H; Yoshioka, T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A new time projection chamber (TPC) was developed for neutron lifetime measurement using a pulsed cold neutron spallation source at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Managing considerable background events from natural sources and the beam radioactivity is a challenging aspect of this measurement. To overcome this problem, the developed TPC has unprecedented features such as the use of polyether-ether-ketone plates in the support structure and internal surfaces covered with $^6$Li-enriched tiles to absorb outlier neutrons. In this paper, the design and performance of the new TPC are reported in detail.
Time parallel gravitational collapse simulation
Kreienbuehl, Andreas; Ruprecht, Daniel; Krause, Rolf
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This article demonstrates the applicability of the parallel-in-time method Parareal to the numerical solution of the Einstein gravity equations for the spherical collapse of a massless scalar field. To account for the shrinking of the spatial domain in time, a tailored load balancing scheme is proposed and compared to load balancing based on number of time steps alone. The performance of Parareal is studied for both the sub-critical and black hole case; our experiments show that Parareal generates substantial speedup and, in the super-critical regime, can also reproduce the black hole mass scaling law.
Evolving desiderata for validating engineered-physics systems without full-scale testing
Langenbrunner, James R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Booker, Jane M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hemez, Francois M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ross, Timothy J [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Theory and principles of engineered-physics designs do not change over time, but the actual engineered product does evolve. Engineered components are prescient to the physics and change with time. Parts are never produced exactly as designed, assembled as designed, or remain unperturbed over time. For this reason, validation of performance may be regarded as evolving over time. Desired use of products evolves with time. These pragmatic realities require flexibility, understanding, and robustness-to-ignorance. Validation without full-scale testing involves engineering, small-scale experiments, physics theory and full-scale computer-simulation validation. We have previously published an approach to validation without full-scale testing using information integration, small-scale tests, theory and full-scale simulations [Langenbrunner et al. 2008]. This approach adds value, but also adds complexity and uncertainty due to inference. We illustrate a validation example that manages evolving desiderata without full-scale testing.
Scaling Analysis of Nanowire Phase Change Memory
Liu, Jie; Anantram, M P
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This letter analyzes the scaling property of nanowire (NW) phase change memory (PCM) using analytic and numerical methods. The scaling scenarios of the three widely-used NW PCM peration schemes (constant electric field, voltage, and current) are studied and compared. It is shown that if the device size is downscaled by a factor of 1/k (k>1), the peration energy (current) will be reduced by more than k3 (k) times, and the operation speed will be increased by k2 times. It is also shown that more than 90% of operation energy is wasted as thermal flux into substrate and electrodes. We predict that, if the wasted thermal flux is effectively reduced by heat confinement technologies, the energy consumed per RESET operation can be decreased from about 1 pJ to less than 100 fJ. It is shown that reducing NW aspect ratio (AR) helps decreasing PCM energy consumption. It is revealed that cross-cell thermal proximity disturbance is counter-intuitively alleviated by scaling, leading to a desirable scaling scenario.
Conformal Scaling Gauge Symmetry and Inflationary Universe
Yue-Liang Wu
2004-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
Considering the conformal scaling gauge symmetry as a fundamental symmetry of nature in the presence of gravity, a scalar field is required and used to describe the scale behavior of universe. In order for the scalar field to be a physical field, a gauge field is necessary to be introduced. A gauge invariant potential action is constructed by adopting the scalar field and a real Wilson-like line element of the gauge field. Of particular, the conformal scaling gauge symmetry can be broken down explicitly via fixing gauge to match the Einstein-Hilbert action of gravity. As a nontrivial background field solution of pure gauge has a minimal energy in gauge interactions, the evolution of universe is then dominated at earlier time by the potential energy of background field characterized by a scalar field. Since the background field of pure gauge leads to an exponential potential model of a scalar field, the universe is driven by a power-law inflation with the scale factor $a(t) \\sim t^p$. The power-law index $p$ is determined by a basic gauge fixing parameter $g_F$ via $p = 16\\pi g_F^2[1 + 3/(4\\pi g_F^2) ]$. For the gauge fixing scale being the Planck mass, we are led to a predictive model with $g_F=1$ and $p\\simeq 62$.
Scaling of Lyapunov exponents in chaotic delay systems
Thomas Jüngling; Wolfgang Kinzel
2012-10-12T23:59:59.000Z
The scaling behavior of the maximal Lyapunov exponent in chaotic systems with time-delayed feedback is investigated. For large delay times it has been shown that the delay-dependence of the exponent allows a distinction between strong and weak chaos, which are the analogy to strong and weak instability of periodic orbits in a delay system. We find significant differences between scaling of exponents in periodic or chaotic systems. We show that chaotic scaling is related to fluctuations in the linearized equations of motion. A linear delay system including multiplicative noise shows the same properties as the deterministic chaotic systems.
Smith, Nathaniel J.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
regression for ERP estimation . . . . . . . . . . .4.2.1 The basic ERP as an intercept term . . . . . . . 4.2.25 Continuous-time regression for ERP estimation . . 5.1 One
Nonlinear Quantum Mechanics at the Planck Scale
George Svetlichny
2004-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
I argue that the linearity of quantum mechanics is an emergent feature at the Planck scale, along with the manifold structure of space-time. In this regime the usual causality violation objections to nonlinearity do not apply, and nonlinear effects can be of comparable magnitude to the linear ones and still be highly suppressed at low energies. This can offer alternative approaches to quantum gravity and to the evolution of the early universe.
Intermediate scalings in holographic RG flows and conductivities
Jyotirmoy Bhattacharya; Sera Cremonini; Blaise Goutéraux
2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
We construct numerically finite density domain-wall solutions which interpolate between two $AdS_4$ fixed points and exhibit an intermediate regime of hyperscaling violation, with or without Lifshitz scaling. Such RG flows can be realized in gravitational models containing a dilatonic scalar and a massive vector field with appropriate choices of the scalar potential and couplings. The infrared $AdS_4$ fixed point describes a new ground state for strongly coupled quantum systems realizing such scalings, thus avoiding the well-known extensive zero temperature entropy associated with $AdS_2 \\times \\mathbb{R}^2$. We also examine the zero temperature behavior of the optical conductivity in these backgrounds and identify two scaling regimes before the UV CFT scaling is reached. The scaling of the conductivity is controlled by the emergent IR conformal symmetry at very low frequencies, and by the intermediate scaling regime at higher frequencies.
Time evolution of cascade decay
Daniel Boyanovsky; Louis Lello
2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
We study non-perturbatively the time evolution of cascade decay for generic fields $\\pi \\rightarrow \\phi_1\\phi_2\\rightarrow \\phi_2\\chi_1\\chi_2$ and obtain the time dependence of amplitudes and populations for the resonant and final states. We analyze in detail the different time scales and the manifestation of unitary time evolution in the dynamics of production and decay of resonant intermediate and final states. The probability of occupation (population) "flows" as a function of time from the initial to the final states. When the decay width of the parent particle $\\Gamma_\\pi$ is much larger than that of the intermediate resonant state $\\Gamma_{\\phi_1}$ there is a "bottleneck" in the flow, the population of resonant states builds up to a maximum at $t^* = \\ln[\\Gamma_\\pi/\\Gamma_{\\phi_1}]/(\\Gamma_\\pi-\\Gamma_{\\phi_1})$ nearly saturating unitarity and decays to the final state on the longer time scale $1/\\Gamma_{\\phi_1}$. As a consequence of the wide separation of time scales in this case the cascade decay can be interpreted as evolving sequentially $\\pi \\rightarrow \\phi_1\\phi_2; ~ \\phi_1\\phi_2\\rightarrow \\phi_2\\chi_1\\chi_2$. In the opposite limit the population of resonances ($\\phi_1$) does not build up substantially and the cascade decay proceeds almost directly from the initial parent to the final state without resulting in a large amplitude of the resonant state. An alternative but equivalent non-perturbative method useful in cosmology is presented. Possible phenomenological implications for heavy sterile neutrinos as resonant states and consequences of quantum entanglement and correlations in the final state are discussed.
Dispatch R427 Time perception: Brain time or event time?
Johnston, Alan
Dispatch R427 Time perception: Brain time or event time? Alan Johnston* and Shin'ya Nishida Recent experiments show that synchronous events can appear to an observer to occur at different times. Neural processing time delays are offered as an explanation of these temporal illusions, but equating perceived time
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Trade-offs in Designing Web Clusters 76 SEPTEMBER · OCTOBER 2002 http://computer.org/internet/ 1089-7801/02/$17.00 ©2002 IEEE IEEE INTERNET COMPUTING H igh-volume Web sites often use clusters approaches to scaling Web clusters: adding more servers of the same type (scaling out, or horizontally
Impedance Scaling for Small Angle Transitions
Stupakov, G.; Bane, Karl; /SLAC; Zagorodnov, I.; /DESY; ,
2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
Based on the parabolic equation approach to Maxwell's equations we have derived scaling properties of the high frequency impedance/short bunch wakefields of structures. For the special case of small angle transitions we have shown the scaling properties are valid for all frequencies. Using these scaling properties one can greatly reduce the calculation time of the wakefield/impedance of long, small angle, beam pipe transitions, like one often finds in insertion regions of storage rings. We have tested the scaling with wakefield simulations of 2D and 3D models of such transitions, and found that the scaling works well. In modern ring-based light sources one often finds insertion devices having extremely small vertical apertures (on the order of millimeters) to allow for maximal undulator fields reaching the beam. Such insertion devices require that there be beam pipe transitions from these small apertures to the larger cross-sections (normally on the order of centimeters) found in the rest of the ring. The fact that there may be many such transitions, and that these transitions introduce beam pipe discontinuities very close to the beam path, means that their impedance will be large and, in fact, may dominate the impedance budget of the entire ring. To reduce their impact on impedance, the transitions are normally tapered gradually over a long distance. The accurate calculation of the impedance or wakefield of these long transitions, which are typically 3D objects (i.e. they do not have cylindrical symmetry), can be quite a challenging numerical task. In this report we present a method of obtaining the impedance of a long, small angle transition from the calculation of a scaled, shorter one. Normally, the actual calculation is obtained from a time domain simulation of the wakefield in the structure, where the impedance can be obtained by performing a Fourier transform. We shall see that the scaled calculation reduces the computer time and memory requirements significantly, especially for 3D problems, and can make the difference between being able to solve a problem or not. The method is based on the parabolic equation approach to solving Maxwell's equation developed in Refs. [1, 2].
Scaling of fluctuations in a colloidal glass
P. Wang; C. Song; H. A. Makse
2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report experimental measurements of particle dynamics in a colloidal glass in order to understand the dynamical heterogeneities associated with the cooperative motion of the particles in the glassy regime. We study the local and global fluctuation of correlation and response functions in an aging colloidal glass. The observables display universal scaling behavior following a modified power-law, with a plateau dominating the less heterogeneous short-time regime and a power-law tail dominating the highly heterogeneous long-time regime.
Time Management Managing Time and Tasks
Kunkle, Tom
Time Management Managing Time and Tasks What is time management? Time can't be managed Â but you can manage the amount of time you use each day for fun, work, rest, and time spent with others. Why is time management important? You have responsibilities to yourself, to your family and friends, to your
Real-time capable first principle based modelling of tokamak turbulent transport
Breton, S; Felici, F; Imbeaux, F; Aniel, T; Artaud, J F; Baiocchi, B; Bourdelle, C; Camenen, Y; Garcia, J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A real-time capable core turbulence tokamak transport model is developed. This model is constructed from the regularized nonlinear regression of quasilinear gyrokinetic transport code output. The regression is performed with a multilayer perceptron neural network. The transport code input for the neural network training set consists of five dimensions, and is limited to adiabatic electrons. The neural network model successfully reproduces transport fluxes predicted by the original quasilinear model, while gaining five orders of magnitude in computation time. The model is implemented in a real-time capable tokamak simulator, and simulates a 300s ITER discharge in 10s. This proof-of-principle for regression based transport models anticipates a significant widening of input space dimensionality and physics realism for future training sets. This aims to provide unprecedented computational speed coupled with first-principle based physics for real-time control and integrated modelling applications.
Development of fine-resolution analyses and expanded large-scale...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
structure, and time evolution of clouds and precipitation associated with a mesoscale convective system. Evaluations also show that the large-scale forcing derived from...
Elastic Ubiquitous Platform as a Service for Large-scale Ubiquitous Applications , Schahram Dustdar1
Dustdar, Schahram
emerging in the fields of pervasive healthcare, smart cities and so on. They present unprecedented, 1991), including for example pervasive healthcare, smart cities, and so on. The development
Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research
Gerber, Richard
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
simulations of fusion and energy systems with unprecedentedRequirements for Fusion Energy Sciences 14 General and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences
Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for
strategies between building owners; and a set of modeling tools for real-time building energy simulation. 1LBNL-6303E Improving Building Performance at Urban Scale with a Framework for Real-time Data Sharing Xiufeng Pang, Tianzhen Hong, Mary Ann Piette Building Technology and Urban Systems Environmental
Multiscale functions, Scale dynamics and Applications to partial differential equations
Jacky Cresson; Frédéric Pierret
2015-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
Modeling phenomena from experimental data, always begin with a \\emph{choice of hypothesis} on the observed dynamics such as \\emph{determinism}, \\emph{randomness}, \\emph{derivability} etc. Depending on these choices, different behaviors can be observed. The natural question associated to the modeling problem is the following : \\emph{"With a finite set of data concerning a phenomenon, can we recover its underlying nature ?} From this problem, we introduce in this paper the definition of \\emph{multi-scale functions}, \\emph{scale calculus} and \\emph{scale dynamics} based on the \\emph{time-scale calculus} (see \\cite{bohn}). These definitions will be illustrated on the \\emph{multi-scale Okamoto's functions}. The introduced formalism explains why there exists different continuous models associated to an equation with different \\emph{scale regimes} whereas the equation is \\emph{scale invariant}. A typical example of such an equation, is the \\emph{Euler-Lagrange equation} and particularly the \\emph{Newton's equation} which will be discussed. Notably, we obtain a \\emph{non-linear diffusion equation} via the \\emph{scale Newton's equation} and also the \\emph{non-linear Schr\\"odinger equation} via the \\emph{scale Newton's equation}. Under special assumptions, we recover the classical \\emph{diffusion} equation and the \\emph{Schr\\"odinger equation}.
Inflation from Broken Scale Invariance
Csaba Csaki; Nemanja Kaloper; Javi Serra; John Terning
2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z
We construct a model of inflation based on a low-energy effective theory of spontaneously broken global scale invariance. This provides a shift symmetry that protects the inflaton potential from quantum corrections. Since the underlying scale invariance is non-compact, arbitrarily large inflaton field displacements are readily allowed in the low-energy effective theory. A weak breaking of scale invariance by almost marginal operators provides a non-trivial inflaton minimum, which sets and stabilizes the final low-energy value of the Planck scale. The underlying scale invariance ensures that the slow-roll approximation remains valid over large inflaton displacements, and yields a scale invariant spectrum of perturbations as required by the CMB observations.
DNA Bubble Life Time in Denaturation
Zh. S. Gevorkian; Chin-Kun Hu
2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
We have investigated the denaturation bubble life time for a homogeneous as well as for a heterogeneous DNA within a Poland-Scheraga model. It is shown that at criticality the bubble life time for a homogeneous DNA is finite provided that the loop entropic exponent c>2 and has a scaling dependence on DNA length for c<2. Heterogeneity in the thermodynamical limit makes the bubble life time infinite for any entropic exponent.
Large scale tracking algorithms.
Hansen, Ross L.; Love, Joshua Alan; Melgaard, David Kennett; Karelitz, David B.; Pitts, Todd Alan; Zollweg, Joshua David; Anderson, Dylan Z.; Nandy, Prabal; Whitlow, Gary L.; Bender, Daniel A.; Byrne, Raymond Harry
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Low signal-to-noise data processing algorithms for improved detection, tracking, discrimination and situational threat assessment are a key research challenge. As sensor technologies progress, the number of pixels will increase signi cantly. This will result in increased resolution, which could improve object discrimination, but unfortunately, will also result in a significant increase in the number of potential targets to track. Many tracking techniques, like multi-hypothesis trackers, suffer from a combinatorial explosion as the number of potential targets increase. As the resolution increases, the phenomenology applied towards detection algorithms also changes. For low resolution sensors, "blob" tracking is the norm. For higher resolution data, additional information may be employed in the detection and classfication steps. The most challenging scenarios are those where the targets cannot be fully resolved, yet must be tracked and distinguished for neighboring closely spaced objects. Tracking vehicles in an urban environment is an example of such a challenging scenario. This report evaluates several potential tracking algorithms for large-scale tracking in an urban environment.
High-Performance Computing for Real-Time Grid Analysis and Operation
Huang, Zhenyu; Chen, Yousu; Chavarría-Miranda, Daniel
2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
Power grids worldwide are undergoing an unprecedented transition as a result of grid evolution meeting information revolution. The grid evolution is largely driven by the desire for green energy. Emerging grid technologies such as renewable generation, smart loads, plug-in hybrid vehicles, and distributed generation provide opportunities to generate energy from green sources and to manage energy use for better system efficiency. With utility companies actively deploying these technologies, a high level of penetration of these new technologies is expected in the next 5-10 years, bringing in a level of intermittency, uncertainties, and complexity that the grid did not see nor design for. On the other hand, the information infrastructure in the power grid is being revolutionized with large-scale deployment of sensors and meters in both the transmission and distribution networks. The future grid will have two-way flows of both electrons and information. The challenge is how to take advantage of the information revolution: pull the large amount of data in, process it in real time, and put information out to manage grid evolution. Without addressing this challenge, the opportunities in grid evolution will remain unfulfilled. This transition poses grand challenges in grid modeling, simulation, and information presentation. The computational complexity of underlying power grid modeling and simulation will significantly increase in the next decade due to an increased model size and a decreased time window allowed to compute model solutions. High-performance computing is essential to enable this transition. The essential technical barrier is to vastly increase the computational speed so operation response time can be reduced from minutes to seconds and sub-seconds. The speed at which key functions such as state estimation and contingency analysis are conducted (typically every 3-5 minutes) needs to be dramatically increased so that the analysis of contingencies is both comprehensive and real time. An even bigger challenge is how to incorporate dynamic information into real-time grid operation. Today’s online grid operation is based on a static grid model and can only provide a static snapshot of current system operation status, while dynamic analysis is conducted offline because of low computational efficiency. The offline analysis uses a worst-case scenario to determine transmission limits, resulting in under-utilization of grid assets. This conservative approach does not necessarily lead to reliability. Many times, actual power grid scenarios are not studied, and they will push the grid over the edge and resulting in outages and blackouts. This chapter addresses the HPC needs in power grid analysis and operations. Example applications such as state estimation and contingency analysis are given to demonstrate the value of HPC in power grid applications. Future research directions are suggested for high performance computing applications in power grids to improve the transparency, efficiency, and reliability of power grids.
Isotopic Scaling in Nuclear Reactions
M. B. Tsang; W. A. Friedman; C. K. Gelbke; W. G. Lynch; G. Verde; H. Xu
2001-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
A three parameter scaling relationship between isotopic distributions for elements with Z$\\leq 8$ has been observed that allows a simple description of the dependence of such distributions on the overall isospin of the system. This scaling law (termed iso-scaling) applies for a variety of reaction mechanisms that are dominated by phase space, including evaporation, multifragmentation and deeply inelastic scattering. The origins of this scaling behavior for the various reaction mechanisms are explained. For multifragmentation processes, the systematics is influenced by the density dependence of the asymmetry term of the equation of state.
Scale Insects on Ornamental Plants
Muegge, Mark A.; Merchant, Michael E.
2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
Scale insects on o rnamental plants B-6097 8-00 Mark A. Muegge and Michael Merchant* M any species of scale insects damage land- scape plants, shrubs and trees. Scale insects insert their mouthparts into plant tissues and suck out the sap. When... period. Most species never move again in their lives. Scale insects feed by inserting their hairlike mouth- parts into plant tissue and siphoning the plant?s sap. While feeding, many species excrete a sweet, sticky liquid referred to as ?honeydew...
Scale, scaling and multifractals in geophysics: twenty Shaun Lovejoy1
Lovejoy, Shaun
Scale, scaling and multifractals in geophysics: twenty years on Shaun Lovejoy1 and Daniel Schertzer number of degrees of freedom approaches to nonlin- ear geophysics: a) the transition from fractal are generally necessary for geophysical applications. We illustrate these ideas with data analyses from both
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
UGE Scheduler Cycle Time UGE Scheduler Cycle Time Genepool Cycle Time Genepool Daily Genepool Weekly Phoebe Cycle Time Phoebe Daily Phoebe Weekly What is the Scheduler Cycle? The...
Constraints on the quantum gravity scale from kappa - Minkowski spacetime
A. Borowiec; Kumar S. Gupta; S. Meljanac; A. Pachol
2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z
We compare two versions of deformed dispersion relations (energy vs momenta and momenta vs energy) and the corresponding time delay up to the second order accuracy in the quantum gravity scale (deformation parameter). A general framework describing modified dispersion relations and time delay with respect to different noncommutative kappa -Minkowski spacetime realizations is firstly proposed here and it covers all the cases introduced in the literature. It is shown that some of the realizations provide certain bounds on quadratic corrections, i.e. on quantum gravity scale, but it is not excluded in our framework that quantum gravity scale is the Planck scale. We also show how the coefficients in the dispersion relations can be obtained through a multiparameter fit of the gamma ray burst (GRB) data.
Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go
Kunkle, Tom
Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go Everyone starts the week with the same number of hours. So, why does your time go so fast? Let's find out! Number of hours of sleep each night ____ x 7 preparation/clean-up time) ____ x 7 = ____ Travel time to and from campus ___ x __ = ____ Number of hours per
Scaling of the dynamics of flexible Lennard-Jones chains
Arno A. Veldhorst; Jeppe C. Dyre; Thomas B. Schrøder
2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
The isomorph theory provides an explanation for the so-called power law density scaling which has been observed in many molecular and polymeric glass formers, both experimentally and in simulations. Power law density scaling (relaxation times and transport coefficients being functions of $\\rho^{\\gamma_S}/T$, where $\\rho$ is density, $T$ is temperature, and $\\gamma_S$ is a material specific scaling exponent) is an approximation to a more general scaling predicted by the isomorph theory. Furthermore, the isomorph theory provides an explanation for Rosenfeld scaling (relaxation times and transport coefficients being functions of excess entropy) which has been observed in simulations of both molecular and polymeric systems. Doing molecular dynamics simulations of flexible Lennard-Jones chains (LJC) with rigid bonds, we here provide the first detailed test of the isomorph theory applied to flexible chain molecules. We confirm the existence of isomorphs, which are curves in the phase diagram along which the dynamics is invariant in the appropriate reduced units. This holds not only for the relaxation times but also for the full time dependence of the dynamics, including chain specific dynamics such as the end-to-end vector autocorrelation function and the relaxation of the Rouse modes. As predicted by the isomorph theory, jumps between different state points on the same isomorph happen instantaneously without any slow relaxation. Since the LJC is a simple coarse-grained model for alkanes and polymers, our results provide a possible explanation for why power-law density scaling is observed experimentally in alkanes and many polymeric systems. The theory provides an independent method of determining the scaling exponent, which is usually treated as a empirical scaling parameter.
Method of producing nano-scaled inorganic platelets
Zhamu, Aruna; Jang, Bor Z.
2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention provides a method of exfoliating a layered material (e.g., transition metal dichalcogenide) to produce nano-scaled platelets having a thickness smaller than 100 nm, typically smaller than 10 nm. The method comprises (a) dispersing particles of a non-graphite laminar compound in a liquid medium containing therein a surfactant or dispersing agent to obtain a stable suspension or slurry; and (b) exposing the suspension or slurry to ultrasonic waves at an energy level for a sufficient length of time to produce separated nano-scaled platelets. The nano-scaled platelets are candidate reinforcement fillers for polymer nanocomposites.
Large-scale anisotropy in stably stratified rotating flows
Marino, Dr. Raffaele [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Mininni, Dr. Pablo D. [Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Rosenberg, Duane L [ORNL; Pouquet, Dr. Annick [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present results from direct numerical simulations of the Boussinesq equations in the presence of rotation and/or stratification, both in the vertical direction. The runs are forced isotropically and randomly at small scales and have spatial resolutions of up to $1024^3$ grid points and Reynolds numbers of $\\approx 1000$. We first show that solutions with negative energy flux and inverse cascades develop in rotating turbulence, whether or not stratification is present. However, the purely stratified case is characterized instead by an early-time, highly anisotropic transfer to large scales with almost zero net isotropic energy flux. This is consistent with previous studies that observed the development of vertically sheared horizontal winds, although only at substantially later times. However, and unlike previous works, when sufficient scale separation is allowed between the forcing scale and the domain size, the total energy displays a perpendicular (horizontal) spectrum with power law behavior compatible with $\\sim k_\\perp^{-5/3}$, including in the absence of rotation. In this latter purely stratified case, such a spectrum is the result of a direct cascade of the energy contained in the large-scale horizontal wind, as is evidenced by a strong positive flux of energy in the parallel direction at all scales including the largest resolved scales.
Multi-scaling of wholesale electricity prices
Caravelli, Francesco; Ududec, Cozmin; Ashtari, Ali; Di Matteo, Tiziana; Aste, Tomaso
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We empirically analyze the most volatile component of the electricity price time series from two North-American wholesale electricity markets. We show that these time series exhibit fluctuations which are not described by a Brownian Motion, as they show multi-scaling, high Hurst exponents and sharp price movements. We use the generalized Hurst exponent (GHE, $H(q)$) to show that although these time-series have strong cyclical components, the fluctuations exhibit persistent behaviour, i.e., $H(q)>0.5$. We investigate the effectiveness of the GHE as a predictive tool in a simple linear forecasting model, and study the forecast error as a function of $H(q)$, with $q=1$ and $q=2$. Our results suggest that the GHE can be used as prediction tool for these time series when the Hurst exponent is dynamically evaluated on rolling time windows of size $\\approx 50 - 100$ hours. These results are also compared to the case in which the cyclical components have been subtracted from the time series, showing the importance of...
Title of dissertation: H & NEUTRAL DENSITY SCALING IN THE MARYLAND CENTRIFUGAL EXPERI-
Anlage, Steven
ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: H & NEUTRAL DENSITY SCALING IN THE MARYLAND CENTRIFUGAL EXPERI- MENT M. Ryan Clary, Doctor of Philosophy, 2009 Dissertation directed by: Professor Richard Ellis confinement time as well as to scale differently than the momentum confinement time. This dissertation
A Topological Framework for the Interactive Exploration of Large Scale Turbulent Combustion
Knowles, David William
A Topological Framework for the Interactive Exploration of Large Scale Turbulent Combustion Peer a new topological framework for the analysis of large scale, time-varying, turbulent combustion consumption thresh- olds for an entire time-dependent combustion simulation. By computing augmented merge
Fine-Scale Zonal Flow Suppression of Electron Temperature Gradient Turbulence
Lin, Zhihong
as an explanation for the long time build up of the zonal flow in ETG turbulence and it is shown that the generationFine-Scale Zonal Flow Suppression of Electron Temperature Gradient Turbulence S.E. Parker , J continue to grow algebraically (proportional to time). These fine-scale zonal flows have a radial wave
LOFT: the Large Observatory For X-ray Timing
Belloni, Tomaso M
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
LOFT, the large observatory for X-ray timing, is a new mission concept competing with other four candidates for a launch opportunity in 2022-2024. LOFT will be performing high-time resolution X-ray observations of compact objects, combining for the first time an unprecedented large collecting area for X-ray photons and a spectral resolution approaching that of CCD-based X-ray instruments (down to 200 eV FWHM at 6 keV). The operating energy range is 2-80 keV. The main science goals of LOFT are the measurement of the neutron stars equation of states and the test of General Relativity in the strong field regime. The breakthrough capabilities of the instruments on-board LOFT will permit to open also new discovery windows for a wide range of Galactic and extragalactic X-ray sources. In this contribution, we provide a general description of the mission concept and summarize its main scientific capabilities.
Deterministic Scale-Free Networks
Albert-Laszlo Barabasi; Erzsebet Ravasz; Tamas Vicsek
2002-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
Scale-free networks are abundant in nature and society, describing such diverse systems as the world wide web, the web of human sexual contacts, or the chemical network of a cell. All models used to generate a scale-free topology are stochastic, that is they create networks in which the nodes appear to be randomly connected to each other. Here we propose a simple model that generates scale-free networks in a deterministic fashion. We solve exactly the model, showing that the tail of the degree distribution follows a power law.
Scale Insects on Ornamental Plants
Muegge, Mark A.; Merchant, Michael E.
2000-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
of all insect groups. Scale insects are generally small ( 1 /4 inch long or less) and often mimic various plant parts, such as bark and buds. Other species appear as small, white, waxy blotches or small bits of cotton on leaves and stems. The one... crawlers are pre- sent, they will fall onto the paper, where you can eas- ily see them moving about. Using natural enemies to control scales Many natural enemies?small parasitic wasps, lady- bird beetles and some fungi?can significantly reduce scale insect...
Homogeneous isotropic turbulence in dilute polymers: scale by scale budget
E. De Angelis; C. M. Casciola; R. Benzi; R. Piva
2002-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The turbulent energy cascade in dilute polymers solution is addressed here by considering a direct numerical simulation of homogeneous isotropic turbulence of a FENE-P fluid in a triply periodic box. On the basis of the DNS data, a scale by scale analysis is provided by using the proper extension to visco-elastic fluids of the Karman-Howarth equation for the velocity. For the microstructure, an equation, analogous to the Yaglom equation for scalars, is proposed for the free-energy density associated to the elastic behavior of the material. Two mechanisms of energy removal from the scale of the forcing are identified, namely the classical non-linear transfer term of the standard Navier-Stokes equations and the coupling between macroscopic velocity and microstructure. The latter, on average, drains kinetic energy to feed the dynamics of the microstructure. The cross-over scale between the two corresponding energy fluxes is identified, with the flux associated with the microstructure dominating at small separations to become sub-leading above the cross-over scale, which is the equivalent of the elastic limit scale defined by De Gennes-Tabor on the basis of phenomenological assumptions.
Energy-optimal schedules of real-time jobs with hard deadlines
George, John Vijoe
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis, we develop algorithms that make optimal use of frequency scaling to schedule jobs with real??time requirements. Dynamic voltage scaling is a technique used to reduce energy consumption in wide variety of systems. Reducing supply...
Completing the complex Poynting theorem: Conservation of reactive energy in reactive time
Gerald Kaiser
2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
The complex Poynting theorem is extended canonically to a time-scale domain $(t, s)$ by replacing the phasors of time-harmonic fields by the analytic signals $X(r, t+is)$ of fields $X(r,t)$ with general time dependence. The imaginary time $s>0$ is shown to play the role of a time resolution scale, and the extended Poynting theorem splits into two conservation laws: its real part gives the conservation in $t$ of the scale-averaged active energy at fixed $s$, and its imaginary part gives the conservation in $s$ of the scale-averaged reactive energy at fixed $t$. At coarse scales (large $s$, slow time), where the system reduces to the circuit level, this may have applications to the theory of electric power transmission and conditioning. At fine scales (small $s$, fast time) it describes reactive energy dynamics in radiating systems.
Challenges in large scale distributed computing: bioinformatics.
Disz, T.; Kubal, M.; Olson, R.; Overbeek, R.; Stevens, R.; Mathematics and Computer Science; Univ. of Chicago; The Fellowship for the Interpretation of Genomes (FIG)
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The amount of genomic data available for study is increasing at a rate similar to that of Moore's law. This deluge of data is challenging bioinformaticians to develop newer, faster and better algorithms for analysis and examination of this data. The growing availability of large scale computing grids coupled with high-performance networking is challenging computer scientists to develop better, faster methods of exploiting parallelism in these biological computations and deploying them across computing grids. In this paper, we describe two computations that are required to be run frequently and which require large amounts of computing resource to complete in a reasonable time. The data for these computations are very large and the sequential computational time can exceed thousands of hours. We show the importance and relevance of these computations, the nature of the data and parallelism and we show how we are meeting the challenge of efficiently distributing and managing these computations in the SEED project.
Time-resolved fuel injector flow characterisation based on 3D laser Doppler vibrometry
Crua, Cyril
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In order to enable investigations of the fuel flow inside unmodified injectors, we have developed a new experimental approach to measure time-resolved vibration spectra of diesel nozzles using a three dimensional laser vibrometer. The technique we propose is based on the triangulation of the vibrometer and fuel pressure transducer signals, and enables the quantitative characterisation of quasi-cyclic internal flows without requiring modifications to the injector, the working fluid, or limiting the fuel injection pressure. The vibrometer, which uses the Doppler effect to measure the velocity of a vibrating object, was used to scan injector nozzle tips during the injection event. The data were processed using a discrete Fourier transform to provide time-resolved spectra for valve-closed-orifice, minisac and microsac nozzle geometries, and injection pressures ranging from 60 to 160MPa, hence offering unprecedented insight into cyclic cavitation and internal mechanical dynamic processes. A peak was consistently f...
Commercial Scale Wind Incentive Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energy Trust of Oregon’s Commercial Scale Wind offering provides resources and cash incentives to help communities, businesses land owners, and government entities install wind turbine systems up...
Sizing Up Allometric Scaling Theory
Savage, Van M.; Deeds, Eric J.; Fontana, Walter
2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
Metabolic rate, heart rate, lifespan, and many other physiological properties vary with body mass in systematic and interrelated ways. Present empirical data suggest that these scaling relationships take the form of power ...
Pilot Scale Advanced Fogging Demonstration
Demmer, Rick L. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Fox, Don T. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Archiblad, Kip E. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Experiments in 2006 developed a useful fog solution using three different chemical constituents. Optimization of the fog recipe and use of commercially available equipment were identified as needs that had not been addressed. During 2012 development work it was noted that low concentrations of the components hampered coverage and drying in the United Kingdom’s National Nuclear Laboratory’s testing much more so than was evident in the 2006 tests. In fiscal year 2014 the Idaho National Laboratory undertook a systematic optimization of the fogging formulation and conducted a non-radioactive, pilot scale demonstration using commercially available fogging equipment. While not as sophisticated as the equipment used in earlier testing, the new approach is much less expensive and readily available for smaller scale operations. Pilot scale testing was important to validate new equipment of an appropriate scale, optimize the chemistry of the fogging solution, and to realize the conceptual approach.
Zhou, Kun
--We present a real-time algorithm to render all-frequency radiance transfer at both macro-scale and meso-scale. At a meso-scale, the shading is computed on a per-pixel basis by integrating the product of the local inci in a meso-scale, densely sampled at each pixel and mapped over the object. The bi-scale transfer
Transverse electron-scale instability in relativistic shear flows
Alves, E P; Fonseca, R A; Silva, L O
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Electron-scale surface waves are shown to be unstable in the transverse plane of a shear flow in an initially unmagnetized plasma, unlike in the (magneto)hydrodynamics case. It is found that these unstable modes have a higher growth rate than the closely related electron-scale Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in relativistic shears. Multidimensional particle-in-cell simulations verify the analytic results and further reveal the emergence of mushroom-like electron density structures in the nonlinear phase of the instability, similar to those observed in the Rayleigh Taylor instability despite the great disparity in scales and different underlying physics. Macroscopic ($\\gg c/\\omega_{pe}$) fields are shown to be generated by these microscopic shear instabilities, which are relevant for particle acceleration, radiation emission and to seed MHD processes at long time-scales.
Scale-dependent seismic velocity in heterogeneous media
Mukerji, T.; Mavko, G.; Mujica, D. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)] [Stanford Univ., CA (United States); Lucet, N. [IFP, Rueil-Malmaison (France)] [IFP, Rueil-Malmaison (France)
1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The measurable traveltime of seismic events propagating in heterogeneous media depend on the geologic scale, the seismic wavelength, and the propagation distance. In general, the velocity inferred from arrival times is slower when the wavelength is longer than the scale of heterogeneity and faster when the wavelength is shorter. For normal incidence propagation in stratified media, this is the difference between averaging elastic compliance sin the long wavelength limit. In two and three dimensions there is also the path effect. Shorter wavelengths tend to find faster paths, thus biasing the traveltimes to lower values. In the shorter wavelength limit, the slowness inferred from the average traveltime is smaller than the mean slowness of the medium. When the propagation distance is much larger than the scale of the heterogeneity, the path effect causes the velocity increase from long to short wavelengths to be much larger in two dimensions than in one dimension, and even larger in three dimensions. The amount of velocity dispersion can be understood theoretically, but there is some discrepancy between theory and experiment as to what ratio of wavelength to heterogeneity scale separates the long and short wavelength limits. The scale-dependent traveltime implies that a measured velocity depends not just on rock properties, but also on the scale of the measurement relative to he scale of the geology.
Materials Engineering Research Colloquium Time Presenter Title
British Columbia, University of
, University of British Columbia Research Summary: As the phase scale of a material changes, so does its. #12;Materials Engineering Research Colloquium April 2007 Schedule: Time Presenter Title 10:30 D. Azizi-Alizamini Microstructural Evolution and Mechanical Properties of Ultrafine Grained Low Carbon
Time Crystals from Minimum Time Uncertainty
Mir Faizal; Mohammed M. Khalil; Saurya Das
2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by the Generalized Uncertainty Principle, covariance, and a minimum measurable time, we propose a deformation of the Heisenberg algebra, and show that this leads to corrections to all quantum mechanical systems. We also demonstrate that such a deformation implies a discrete spectrum for time. In other words, time behaves like a crystal.
COOLING COIL EFFECTS ON BLENDING IN A PILOT SCALE TANK
Leishear, R.; Poirier, M.; Fowley, M.; Steeper, T.
2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
Blending, or mixing, processes in 1.3 million gallon nuclear waste tanks are complicated by the fact that miles of serpentine, vertical, cooling coils are installed in the tanks. As a step toward investigating blending interference due to coils in this type of tank, a 1/10.85 scale tank and pump model were constructed for pilot scale testing. A series of tests were performed in this scaled tank by adding blue dye to visualize blending, and by adding acid or base tracers to solution to quantify the time required to effectively blend the tank contents. The acid and base tests were monitored with pH probes, which were located in the pilot scale tank to ensure that representative samples were obtained. Using the probes, the hydronium ion concentration [H{sup +}] was measured to ensure that a uniform concentration was obtained throughout the tank. As a result of pilot scale testing, a significantly improved understanding of mixing, or blending, in nuclear waste tanks has been achieved. Evaluation of test data showed that cooling coils in the waste tank model increased pilot scale blending times by 200% in the recommended operating range, compared to previous theoretical estimates of a 10-50% increase. Below the planned operating range, pilot scale blending times were increased by as much as 700% in a tank with coils installed. One pump, rather than two or more, was shown to effectively blend the tank contents, and dual pump nozzles installed parallel to the tank wall were shown to provide optimal blending. In short, experimental results varied significantly from expectations.
Grid-scale Fluctuations and Forecast Error in Wind Power
Bel, G; Toots, M; Bandi, M M
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The fluctuations in wind power entering an electrical grid (Irish grid) were analyzed and found to exhibit correlated fluctuations with a self-similar structure, a signature of large-scale correlations in atmospheric turbulence. The statistical structure of temporal correlations for fluctuations in generated and forecast time series was used to quantify two types of forecast error: a timescale error ($e_{\\tau}$) that quantifies the deviations between the high frequency components of the forecast and the generated time series, and a scaling error ($e_{\\zeta}$) that quantifies the degree to which the models fail to predict temporal correlations in the fluctuations of the generated power. With no $a$ $priori$ knowledge of the forecast models, we suggest a simple memory kernel that reduces both the timescale error ($e_{\\tau}$) and the scaling error ($e_{\\zeta}$).
Signature-change events in emergent spacetimes with anisotropic scaling
Weinfurtner, Silke; Visser, Matt
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the behaviour of quantum fields coupled to a spacetime geometry exhibiting finite regions of Euclidean (Riemannian) signature. Although from a gravity perspective this situation might seem somewhat far fetched, we will demonstrate its direct physical relevance for an explicitly realizable condensed matter system whose linearized perturbations experience an effective emergent spacetime geometry with externally controllable signature. This effective geometry is intrinsically quantum in origin, and its signature is determined by the details of the microscopic structure. At the level of the effective field theory arising from our condensed matter system we encounter explicit anisotropic scaling in time and space. Here Lorentz symmetry is an emergent symmetry in the infrared. This anisotropic scaling of time and space cures some of the technical problems that arise when working within a canonical quantisation scheme obeying strict Lorentz invariance at all scales, and so is helpful in permitting sig...
Grid-scale Fluctuations and Forecast Error in Wind Power
G. Bel; C. P. Connaughton; M. Toots; M. M. Bandi
2015-03-29T23:59:59.000Z
The fluctuations in wind power entering an electrical grid (Irish grid) were analyzed and found to exhibit correlated fluctuations with a self-similar structure, a signature of large-scale correlations in atmospheric turbulence. The statistical structure of temporal correlations for fluctuations in generated and forecast time series was used to quantify two types of forecast error: a timescale error ($e_{\\tau}$) that quantifies the deviations between the high frequency components of the forecast and the generated time series, and a scaling error ($e_{\\zeta}$) that quantifies the degree to which the models fail to predict temporal correlations in the fluctuations of the generated power. With no $a$ $priori$ knowledge of the forecast models, we suggest a simple memory kernel that reduces both the timescale error ($e_{\\tau}$) and the scaling error ($e_{\\zeta}$).
Elzbieta Masiewicz; Andrzej Grzybowski; Katarzyna Grzybowska; Sebastian Pawlus; Jürgen Pionteck; Marian Paluch
2015-01-11T23:59:59.000Z
To solve a long-standing problem of condensed matter physics with determining a proper description of the thermodynamic evolution of the time scale of molecular dynamics near the glass transition, we extend the well-known Adam-Gibbs model to describe the temperature-volume dependence of structural relaxation times, ${\\tau}_{\\alpha} (T,V)$. We employ the thermodynamic scaling idea reflected in the density scaling power law, ${\\tau}_{\\alpha}=f(T^{-1} V^{-\\gamma } ) $, recently acknowledged as a valid unifying concept in the glass transition physics, to discriminate between physically relevant and irrelevant attempts at formulating the temperature-volume representations of the Adam-Gibbs model. As a consequence, we determine a straightforward relation between the structural relaxation time ${\\tau}_{\\alpha}$ and the configurational entropy $S_c$, giving evidence that also $S_c (T,V)=g(T^{-1} V^{-\\gamma} )$ with the exponent {\\gamma} that enables to scale ${\\tau}_{\\alpha} (T,V)$. This important finding has meaningful implications for the linkage between thermodynamics and molecular dynamics near the glass transition, because it implies that ${\\tau}_{\\alpha}$ can be scaled with $S_c$.
Trapped ion scaling with pulsed fast gates
C. D. B. Bentley; A. R. R. Carvalho; J. J. Hope
2015-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
Fast entangling gates for trapped ions offer vastly improved gate operation times relative to implemented gates, as well as approaches to trap scaling. Gates on neighbouring ions only involve local ions when performed sufficiently fast, and we find that even a fast gate between distant ions with few degrees of freedom restores all the motional modes given more stringent gate speed conditions. We compare pulsed fast gate schemes, defined by a timescale faster than the trap period, and find that our proposed scheme has less stringent requirements on laser repetition rate for achieving arbitrary gate time targets and infidelities well below $10^{-4}$. By extending gate schemes to ion crystals, we explore the effect of ion number on gate fidelity for coupling neighbouring pairs of ions in large crystals. Inter-ion distance determines the gate time, and a factor of five increase in repetition rate, or correspondingly the laser power, reduces the infidelity by almost two orders of magnitude. We also apply our fast gate scheme to entangle the first and last ions in a crystal. As the number of ions in the crystal increases, significant increases in the laser power are required to provide the short gate times corresponding to fidelity above 0.99.
Time-dependent electron phenomena at surfaces R. Dez Muioa,b
Muiño, Ricardo Díez
Time-dependent electron phenomena at surfaces R. Díez Muiñoa,b , D. Sánchez-Portala,b , V. M) Femtosecond and subfemtosecond time scales typically rule elec- tron dynamics at metal surfaces. Recent. In particular, shorter time scales, smaller system sizes, and spin-dependent effects are current targets
Tim Scheibe; Alexandre Tartakovsky; Brian Wood; Joe Seymour
2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
Effective environmental management of DOE sites requires reliable prediction of reactive transport phenomena. A central issue in prediction of subsurface reactive transport is the impact of multiscale physical, chemical, and biological heterogeneity. Heterogeneity manifests itself through incomplete mixing of reactants at scales below those at which concentrations are explicitly defined (i.e., the numerical grid scale). This results in a mismatch between simulated reaction processes (formulated in terms of average concentrations) and actual processes (controlled by local concentrations). At the field scale, this results in apparent scale-dependence of model parameters and inability to utilize laboratory parameters in field models. Accordingly, most field modeling efforts are restricted to empirical estimation of model parameters by fitting to field observations, which renders extrapolation of model predictions beyond fitted conditions unreliable. The objective of this project is to develop a theoretical and computational framework for (1) connecting models of coupled reactive transport from pore-scale processes to field-scale bioremediation through a hierarchy of models that maintain crucial information from the smaller scales at the larger scales; and (2) quantifying the uncertainty that is introduced by both the upscaling process and uncertainty in physical parameters. One of the challenges of addressing scale-dependent effects of coupled processes in heterogeneous porous media is the problem-specificity of solutions. Much effort has been aimed at developing generalized scaling laws or theories, but these require restrictive assumptions that render them ineffective in many real problems. We propose instead an approach that applies physical and numerical experiments at small scales (specifically the pore scale) to a selected model system in order to identify the scaling approach appropriate to that type of problem. Although the results of such studies will generally not be applicable to other broad classes of problems, we believe that this approach (if applied over time to many types of problems) offers greater potential for long-term progress than attempts to discover a universal solution or theory. We are developing and testing this approach using porous media and model reaction systems that can be both experimentally measured and quantitatively simulated at the pore scale, specifically biofilm development and metal reduction in granular porous media. The general approach we are using in this research follows the following steps: (1) Perform pore-scale characterization of pore geometry and biofilm development in selected porous media systems. (2) Simulate selected reactive transport processes at the pore scale in experimentally measured pore geometries. (3) Validate pore-scale models against laboratory-scale experiments. (4) Perform upscaling to derive continuum-scale (local darcy scale) process descriptions and effective parameters. (5) Use upscaled models and parameters to simulate reactive transport at the continuum scale in a macroscopically heterogeneous medium.
Microfluidics: Fluid physics at the nanoliter scale Todd M. Squires*
Quake, Stephen R.
Microfluidics: Fluid physics at the nanoliter scale Todd M. Squires* Departments of Physics by vastly reducing the space, labor, and time required for calculations. Microfluidic systems hold similar, the long-range nature of viscous flows and the small device dimensions inherent in microfluidics mean
Dynamic Influence Maximization Under Increasing Returns to Scale
Procaccia, Ariel
to scale. While submodularity is natural in many domains, early stages of innovation adoption are often costs decrease not as a function of time, but as a function of aggregate adoption, the "best diminishing returns property: targeting a greater number of individuals yields a lower marginal increase
Universal scaling in fast quantum quenches in conformal field theories
Sumit R. Das; Damian A. Galante; Robert C. Myers
2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z
We study the time evolution of a conformal field theory deformed by a relevant operator under a smooth but fast quantum quench which brings it to the conformal point. We argue that when the quench time scale $\\delta t$ is small compared to the scale set by the relevant coupling, the expectation value of the quenched operator scales universally as $\\delta g/ \\delta t ^{2\\Delta-d}$ where $\\delta g$ is the quench amplitude. This growth is further enhanced by a logarithmic factor in even dimensions. We present explicit results for free scalar and fermionic field theories, supported by an analytic understanding of the leading contribution for fast quenches. Results from this Letter suggest that this scaling result, first found in holography, is in fact universal to quantum quenches. Our considerations also show that this limit of fast smooth quenches is quite different from an instantaneous quench from one time-independent Hamiltonian to another, where the Schrodinger picture state at the time of the quench simply serves as an initial condition for subsequent evolution with the final Hamiltonian.
Thermodynamics and Finite size scaling in Scalar Field Theory
Thermodynamics and Finite size scaling in Scalar Field Theory A thesis submitted to the Tata Research, Mumbai December 2008 #12;ii #12;Synopsis In this work we study the thermodynamics of an interacting 4 theory in 4 space- time dimensions. The expressions for the thermodynamic quantities are worked
Thermodynamics and Finite size scaling in Scalar Field Theory
Debasish Banerjee; Saumen Datta; Sourendu Gupta
2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this work we consider the 1-component real scalar $\\phi^4$ theory in 4 space-time dimensions on the lattice and investigate the finite size scaling of thermodynamic quantities to study whether the thermodynamic limit is attained. The results are obtained for the symmetric phase of the theory.
Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale
de Lijser, Peter
Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale 1. Stand with feet: Stopwatch with lanyard (for placing around neck). Safety Procedures: Position person being tested n a corner at eye level so participant and time can be monitored simultaneously. Testing procedures: Demonstrate
Global Warming in Geologic Time
David Archer
2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
The notion is pervasive in the climate science community and in the public at large that the climate impacts of fossil fuel CO2 release will only persist for a few centuries. This conclusion has no basis in theory or models of the atmosphere / ocean carbon cycle, which we review here. The largest fraction of the CO2 recovery will take place on time scales of centuries, as CO2 invades the ocean, but a significant fraction of the fossil fuel CO2, ranging in published models in the literature from 20-60%, remains airborne for a thousand years or longer. Ultimate recovery takes place on time scales of hundreds of thousands of years, a geologic longevity typically associated in public perceptions with nuclear waste. The glacial / interglacial climate cycles demonstrate that ice sheets and sea level respond dramatically to millennial-timescale changes in climate forcing. There are also potential positive feedbacks in the carbon cycle, including methane hydrates in the ocean, and peat frozen in permafrost, that are most sensitive to the long tail of the fossil fuel CO2 in the atmosphere.
Continuous time very low frequency analog signal processors
Veeravalli Raghupathy, Anand
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, basic analog integrated circuits such as integrators, multipliers, comparators, summers and impedance scaling networks which serve as the basic building blocks for designing complicated continuous time analog signal processing...
GLOBAL AND ADAPTIVE SCALING IN A SEPARABLE ...
2007-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
programs confirm that Adaptive Global Scaling subsumes former scaling ...... Then, the compact convex set B of symmetric matrices eigeinvalues of which.
Scaling Properties of Universal Tetramers
Hadizadeh, M. R.; Yamashita, M. T. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Tomio, Lauro [Instituto de Fisica Teorica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Delfino, A. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, 24210-346, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Frederico, T. [Instituto Tecnologico de Aeronautica, 12228-900, Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil)
2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
We evidence the existence of a universal correlation between the binding energies of successive four-boson bound states (tetramers), for large two-body scattering lengths (a), related to an additional scale not constrained by three-body Efimov physics. Relevant to ultracold atom experiments, the atom-trimer relaxation peaks for |a|{yields}{infinity} when the ratio between the tetramer and trimer energies is {approx_equal}4.6 and a new tetramer is formed. The new scale is also revealed for a<0 by the prediction of a correlation between the positions of two successive peaks in the four-atom recombination process.
Space time and the passage of time
George F. R. Ellis; Rituparno Goswami
2012-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
This paper examines the various arguments that have been put forward suggesting either that time does not exist, or that it exists but its flow is not real. I argue that (i) time both exists and flows; (ii) an Evolving Block Universe (`EBU') model of spacetime adequately captures this feature, emphasizing the key differences between the past, present, and future; (iii) the associated surfaces of constant time are uniquely geometrically and physically determined in any realistic spacetime model based in General Relativity Theory; (iv) such a model is needed in order to capture the essential aspects of what is happening in circumstances where initial data does not uniquely determine the evolution of spacetime structure because quantum uncertainty plays a key role in that development. Assuming that the functioning of the mind is based in the physical brain, evidence from the way that the mind apprehends the flow of time prefers this evolving time model over those where there is no flow of time.
Scaling and correlations in the dynamics of forest-fire occurrence
Corral, Alvaro; Lasaponara, Rosa
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Forest-fire waiting times, defined as the time between successive events above a certain size in a given region, are calculated for Italy. The probability densities of the waiting times are found to verify a scaling law, despite that fact that the distribution of fire sizes is not a power law. The meaning of such behavior in terms of the possible self-similarity of the process in a nonstationary system is discussed. We find that the scaling law arises as a consequence of the stationarity of fire sizes and the existence of a non-trivial ``instantaneous'' scaling law, sustained by the correlations of the process.
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Composing Web Services:A QoS View A n Internet application can invoke several ser- vices -- a stock-trading Web service, for example, could invoke a payment service, which could then invoke an authentication service. Such a scenario is called a composite Web service, and it can
Menascé, Daniel A.
Scaling the Web Load Testing of Web Sites D evelopers typically measure a Web appli- cation on a Web site's IT infrastructure are a function of the site's expect- ed traffic. Ideally, you want, you shouldn't upgrade your Web servers if customers experience most delays in the database server
SCALE IN FEET STEVENSON COLLEGE
California at Santa Cruz, University of
PARKING LOT 109 PARKING LOT 110 PARKING LOT 108 STEVENSON EVENT CENTER #12;E N SCALE IN FEET 0 8040 STEVENSON COLLEGE Disabled parking space Disabled access path Disabled access ramp Power-assisted doors Emergency blue light phone Metered parking Campus shuttle stop Santa
Method and appartus for converting static in-ground vehicle scales into weigh-in-motion systems
Muhs, Jeffrey D. (Lenior City, TN); Scudiere, Matthew B. (Oak Ridge, TN); Jordan, John K. (Oak Ridge, TN)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and method for converting in-ground static weighing scales for vehicles to weigh-in-motion systems. The apparatus upon conversion includes the existing in-ground static scale, peripheral switches and an electronic module for automatic computation of the weight. By monitoring the velocity, tire position, axle spacing, and real time output from existing static scales as a vehicle drives over the scales, the system determines when an axle of a vehicle is on the scale at a given time, monitors the combined weight output from any given axle combination on the scale(s) at any given time, and from these measurements automatically computes the weight of each individual axle and gross vehicle weight by an integration, integration approximation, and/or signal averaging technique.
Statistical Measures of Planck Scale Signal Correlations in Interferometers
Hogan, Craig J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A model-independent statistical framework is presented to interpret data from systems where the mean time derivative of positional cross correlation between world lines, a measure of spreading in a quantum geometrical wave function, is measured with a precision smaller than the Planck time. The framework provides a general way to constrain possible departures from perfect independence of classical world lines, associated with Planck scale bounds on positional information. A parametrized candidate set of possible correlation functions is shown to be consistent with the known causal structure of the classical geometry measured by an apparatus, and the holographic scaling of information suggested by gravity. Frequency-domain power spectra are derived that can be compared with interferometer data. Simple projections of sensitivity for specific experimental set-ups suggests that measurements will directly yield constraints on a universal time derivative of the correlation function, and thereby confirm or rule out ...
Alves, Luiz G A; Lenzi, Ervin K; Ribeiro, Haroldo V
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
More than a half of world population is now living in cities and this number is expected to be two-thirds by 2050. Fostered by the relevancy of a scientific characterization of cities and for the availability of an unprecedented amount of data, academics have recently immersed in this topic and one of the most striking and universal finding was the discovery of robust allometric scaling laws between several urban indicators and the population size. Despite that, most governmental reports and several academic works still ignore these nonlinearities by often analyzing the raw or the per capita value of urban indicators, a practice that actually makes the urban metrics biased towards small or large cities depending on whether we have super or sublinear allometries. By following the ideas of Bettencourt et al., we account for this bias by evaluating the difference between the actual value of an urban indicator and the value expected by the allometry with the population size. We show that this scale-adjusted metri...
Kiliyanpilakkil, V P; Ruiz-Columbié, A; Araya, G; Castillo, L; Hirth, B; Burgett, W
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have analyzed long-term wind speed time-series from five field sites up to a height of 300 m from the ground. Structure function-based scaling analysis has revealed that the scaling exponents in the mesoscale regime systematically depend on height. This anomalous behavior is shown to be caused by the buoyancy effects. In the framework of the extended self-similarity, the relative scaling exponents portray quasi-universal behavior.
2T Physics, Scale Invariance and Topological Vector Fields
W. Chagas-Filho
2007-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
We construct, in classical two-time physics, the necessary structure for the most general configuration space formulation of quantum mechanics containing gravity in d+2 dimensions. This structure is composed of a symmetric Riemannian metric tensor and of a vector field that defines a section of a flat U(1) bundle over space-time. This construction is possible because of the existence of a finite local scale invariance of the Hamiltonian and because two-time physics contains, at the classical level, a local generalization of the discrete duality symmetry between position and momentum that underlies the structure of quantum mechanics.
M. I. Katsnelson; G. E. Volovik
2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss quantum electrodynamics emerging in the vacua with anisotropic scaling. Systems with anisotropic scaling were suggested by Horava in relation to the quantum theory of gravity. In such vacua the space and time are not equivalent, and moreover they obey different scaling laws, called the anisotropic scaling. Such anisotropic scaling takes place for fermions in bilayer graphene, where if one neglects the trigonal warping effects the massless Dirac fermions have quadratic dispersion. This results in the anisotropic quantum electrodynamics, in which electric and magnetic fields obey different scaling laws. Here we discuss the Heisenberg-Euler action and Schwinger pair production in such anisotropic QED
Hierarchy problem, gauge coupling unification at the Planck scale, and vacuum stability
Yamaguchi, Yuya
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
To solve the hierarchy problem of the Higgs mass, it may be suggested that there are no an intermediate scale up to the Planck scale except for the TeV scale. For this motivation, we investigate possibilities of gauge coupling unification (GCU) at the Planck scale ($M_{Pl} = 2.4 \\times 10^{18}\\,{\\rm GeV}$) by adding extra particles with the TeV scale mass into the standard model. We find that the GCU at the Planck scale can be realized by extra particles including some relevant scalars, while it cannot be realized only by extra fermions with the same masses. On the other hand, when extra fermions have different masses, the GCU can be realized around $\\sqrt{8 \\pi} M_{Pl}$. By this extension, the vacuum can become stable up to the Planck scale.
Progress in Fast, Accurate Multi-scale Climate Simulations
Collins, William D [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Johansen, Hans [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Woodward, Carol S. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Caldwell, Peter [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a survey of physical and computational techniques that have the potential to con- tribute to the next generation of high-fidelity, multi-scale climate simulations. Examples of the climate science problems that can be investigated with more depth include the capture of remote forcings of localized hydrological extreme events, an accurate representation of cloud features over a range of spatial and temporal scales, and parallel, large ensembles of simulations to more effectively explore model sensitivities and uncertainties. Numerical techniques, such as adaptive mesh refinement, implicit time integration, and separate treatment of fast physical time scales are enabling improved accuracy and fidelity in simulation of dynamics and allow more complete representations of climate features at the global scale. At the same time, part- nerships with computer science teams have focused on taking advantage of evolving computer architectures, such as many-core processors and GPUs, so that these approaches which were previously considered prohibitively costly have become both more efficient and scalable. In combination, progress in these three critical areas is poised to transform climate modeling in the coming decades.
Progress in fast, accurate multi-scale climate simulations
Collins, W. D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Johansen, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Evans, K. J. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Woodward, C. S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Caldwell, P. M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a survey of physical and computational techniques that have the potential to contribute to the next generation of high-fidelity, multi-scale climate simulations. Examples of the climate science problems that can be investigated with more depth with these computational improvements include the capture of remote forcings of localized hydrological extreme events, an accurate representation of cloud features over a range of spatial and temporal scales, and parallel, large ensembles of simulations to more effectively explore model sensitivities and uncertainties. Numerical techniques, such as adaptive mesh refinement, implicit time integration, and separate treatment of fast physical time scales are enabling improved accuracy and fidelity in simulation of dynamics and allowing more complete representations of climate features at the global scale. At the same time, partnerships with computer science teams have focused on taking advantage of evolving computer architectures such as many-core processors and GPUs. As a result, approaches which were previously considered prohibitively costly have become both more efficient and scalable. In combination, progress in these three critical areas is poised to transform climate modeling in the coming decades.
Progress in fast, accurate multi-scale climate simulations
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Collins, W. D.; Johansen, H.; Evans, K. J.; Woodward, C. S.; Caldwell, P. M.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a survey of physical and computational techniques that have the potential to contribute to the next generation of high-fidelity, multi-scale climate simulations. Examples of the climate science problems that can be investigated with more depth with these computational improvements include the capture of remote forcings of localized hydrological extreme events, an accurate representation of cloud features over a range of spatial and temporal scales, and parallel, large ensembles of simulations to more effectively explore model sensitivities and uncertainties. Numerical techniques, such as adaptive mesh refinement, implicit time integration, and separate treatment of fast physical time scales are enablingmore »improved accuracy and fidelity in simulation of dynamics and allowing more complete representations of climate features at the global scale. At the same time, partnerships with computer science teams have focused on taking advantage of evolving computer architectures such as many-core processors and GPUs. As a result, approaches which were previously considered prohibitively costly have become both more efficient and scalable. In combination, progress in these three critical areas is poised to transform climate modeling in the coming decades.« less
The Nature of Subproton Scale Turbulence in the Solar Wind
Chen, C H K; Xia, Q; Perez, J C
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The nature of subproton scale fluctuations in the solar wind is an open question, partly because two similar types of electromagnetic turbulence can occur: kinetic Alfven turbulence and whistler turbulence. These two possibilities, however, have one key qualitative difference: whistler turbulence, unlike kinetic Alfven turbulence, has negligible power in density fluctuations. In this Letter, we present new observational data, as well as analytical and numerical results, to investigate this difference. The results show, for the first time, that the fluctuations well below the proton scale are predominantly kinetic Alfven turbulence, and, if present at all, the whistler fluctuations make up only a small fraction of the total energy.
Domain Controlled Architecture A New Approach for Large Scale Software Integrated Automotive Systems
Kühnhauser, Winfried
Domain Controlled Architecture A New Approach for Large Scale Software Integrated Automotive Scale Software Integration, LSSI, Automotive Real Time, Multi-core, Many-core, Embedded Automo- tive mobility domain. The automotive in- dustry is confronted with a rising system complexity and several
2. Scaling Laws and Complexity in Fire Donald McKenzie and Maureen Kennedy
to define and quantify scales in communities or ecosystems. 2.1 Scale and Contagious Disturbance A contagious disturbance is one that spreads across a landscape over time, and whose intensity depends;2 2002). Some natural hazards (Cello and Malamud 2006), such as wildfires, are therefore contagious
Pikovsky, Arkady
Scaling of Lyapunov exponents of coupled chaotic systems Ru¨diger Zillmer, Volker Ahlers in the Lyapunov exponent in coupled chaotic systems at very small couplings. Using a continuous-time stochastic model for the coupled systems we derive a scaling relation for the largest Lyapunov exponent
SCALE INSECTS in MA CRANBERRY Martha M. Sylvia and Anne L. Averill
Massachusetts at Amherst, University of
bloom. This is the time when the insects spread, and build up to high densities, particularly on thick their own shell covering, which grows as the scale does. Crawlers can be picked up by the wind (Left figure again in August. The scales settle in areas where the bark has lifted up; as the bark grows over
Varenna Proceedings, Sept. 1, 1998 The Dynamics of Small-Scale Turbulence-Driven Flows
Hammett, Greg
of a linearly undamped component of the flow which could build up in time and lower the final turbulence levelVarenna Proceedings, Sept. 1, 1998 The Dynamics of Small-Scale Turbulence-Driven Flows M. A. Beer investigate the dynamics of small-scale turbulence-driven sheared E B flows in nonlinear gyrofluid
DRAFT August 29, 1998 The Dynamics of Small-Scale Turbulence-Driven Flows
Hammett, Greg
the existence of a linearly undamped component of the flow which could build up in time and lower the finalDRAFT August 29, 1998 The Dynamics of Small-Scale Turbulence-Driven Flows M. A. Beer and G. W the dynamics of small-scale turbulence-driven sheared ¢¡¤£ flows in nonlinear gyrofluid simulations
Macro-scale Bubbles for Aligning Carbon Nanotubes Jordan Hoyt,1
UG-18 Macro-scale Bubbles for Aligning Carbon Nanotubes Jordan Hoyt,1 Shota Ushiba,2-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) exhibit high aspect ratios that can lead to extreme anisotropic mechanical-scale bubble structures to align SWCNTs in larger quantities and in less time compared to pre-existing methods
On Time. 6b: Quantum Mechanical Time
C. K. Raju
2008-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The existence of small amounts of advanced radiation, or a tilt in the arrow of time, makes the basic equations of physics mixed-type functional differential equations. The novel features of such equations point to a microphysical structure of time. This corresponds to a change of logic at the microphysical level. We show that the resulting logic is a quantum logic. This provides a natural and rigorous explanation of quantum interference. This structured-time interpretation of quantum mechanics is briefly compared with various other interpretations of q.m.
Reuer, Matthew K. (Matthew Kindt), 1972-
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The marine geochemistry of the North Atlantic Ocean varies on decadal to centennial time scales, a consequence of natural and anthropogenic forcing. Surface corals provide a useful geochemical archive to quantify past mixed ...
Pressel, Kyle Gregory
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
11 2 Scaling of Water Vapor Structure Functions as 2.1cloud model. q is the total water mixing-ratio and q ? isAIRS Exponents from AIRS Data Water Vapor Time Series from a
Reliable Downlink Scheduling for Wireless Networks with Real-Time and Non-Real Time Clients
Jain, Abhishek
2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
is general enough to be implemented in IEEE 802.11e based wireless network [44]. 3.2 Wireless Channel Model We consider fading wireless channel and assume that the channel change over time on the scale of fast fading. The channel is considered to be constant...
Engineering Systems Matrix: An organizing framework for modeling large-scale complex systems
Bartolomei, Jason E.
The scope and complexity of engineered systems are ever-increasing as burgeoning global markets, unprecedented technological capabilities, rising consumer expectations, and ever-changing social requirements present difficult ...
Flavor from the Electroweak Scale
Martin Bauer; Marcela Carena; Katrin Gemmler
2015-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the possibility that flavor hierarchies arise from the electroweak scale in a two Higgs doublet model, in which the two Higgs doublets jointly act as the flavon. Quark masses and mixing angles are explained by effective Yukawa couplings, generated by higher dimensional operators involving quarks and Higgs doublets. Modified Higgs couplings yield important effects on the production cross sections and decay rates of the light Standard Model like Higgs. In addition, flavor changing neutral currents arise at tree-level and lead to strong constraints from meson-antimeson mixing. Remarkably, flavor constraints turn out to prefer a region in parameter space that is in excellent agreement with the one preferred by recent Higgs precision measurements at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Direct searches for extra scalars at the LHC lead to further constraints. Precise predictions for the production and decay modes of the additional Higgs bosons are derived, and we present benchmark scenarios for searches at the LHC Run II. Flavor breaking at the electroweak scale as well as strong coupling effects demand a UV completion at the scale of a few TeV, possibly within the reach of the LHC.
Chameleon gravity on cosmological scales
H. Farajollahi; A. Salehi
2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
In conventional approach to the chameleon mechanism, by assuming a static and spherically symmetric solutions in which matter density and chameleon field are given by $\\rho=\\rho(r)$ and $\\phi=\\phi(r)$, it has been shown that mass of chameleon field is matter density-dependent. In regions of high matter density such as earth, chameleon field is massive, in solar system it is low and in cosmological scales it is very low. In this article we revisit the mechanism in cosmological scales by assuming a redshift dependence of the matter density and chameleon field, i.e. $\\rho=\\rho(z)$, $\\phi=\\phi(z)$. To support our analysis, we best fit the model parameters with the observational data. The result shows that in cosmological scales, the mass of chameleon field increases with the redshift, i.e. more massive in higher redshifts. We also find that in both cases of power-law and exponential potential function, the current universe acceleration can be explained by the low mass chameleon field. In comparison with the high redshift observational data, we also find that the model with power-law potential function is in better agreement with the observational data.
Use of dual plane PIV to assess scale-by-scale energy budgets in wall turbulence
Marusic, Ivan
Use of dual plane PIV to assess scale-by-scale energy budgets in wall turbulence N Saikrishnan1-layer, the buffer region, the logarithmic region and the outer region. In the space of scales, turbulent energy is produced at the large scales and transferred to smaller scales, finally dissipating in the form of heat
Toward Improved Support for Loosely Coupled Large Scale Simulation Workflows
Boehm, Swen [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwasif, Wael R [ORNL] [ORNL; Naughton, III, Thomas J [ORNL; Vallee, Geoffroy R [ORNL] [ORNL
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
High-performance computing (HPC) workloads are increasingly leveraging loosely coupled large scale simula- tions. Unfortunately, most large-scale HPC platforms, including Cray/ALPS environments, are designed for the execution of long-running jobs based on coarse-grained launch capabilities (e.g., one MPI rank per core on all allocated compute nodes). This assumption limits capability-class workload campaigns that require large numbers of discrete or loosely coupled simulations, and where time-to-solution is an untenable pacing issue. This paper describes the challenges related to the support of fine-grained launch capabilities that are necessary for the execution of loosely coupled large scale simulations on Cray/ALPS platforms. More precisely, we present the details of an enhanced runtime system to support this use case, and report on initial results from early testing on systems at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Falsifying High-Scale Leptogenesis at the LHC
Frank F. Deppisch; Julia Harz; Martin Hirsch
2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
Measuring a non-zero value for the cross section of any lepton number violating (LNV) process would put a strong lower limit on the washout factor for the effective lepton number density in the early universe at times close to the electroweak phase transition and thus would lead to important constraints on any high-scale model for the generation of the observed baryon asymmetry based on LNV. In particular, for leptogenesis models with masses of the right-handed neutrinos heavier than the mass scale observed at the LHC, the implied large washout factors would lead to a violation of the out-of-equilibrium condition and exponentially suppress the net lepton number produced in such leptogenesis models. We thus demonstrate that the observation of LNV processes at the LHC results in the falsification of high-scale leptogenesis models. However, no conclusions about the viability of leptogenesis models can be drawn from the non-observation of LNV processes.
Multi-Scale Coupling in Ocean and Climate Modeling
Zhengyu Liu, Leslie Smith
2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
We have made significant progress on several projects aimed at understanding multi-scale dynamics in geophysical flows. Large-scale flows in the atmosphere and ocean are influenced by stable density stratification and rotation. The presence of stratification and rotation has important consequences through (i) the conservation of potential vorticity q = {omega} {center_dot} {del} {rho}, where {omega} is the total vorticity and {rho} is the density, and (ii) the existence of waves that affect the redistribution of energy from a given disturbance to the flow. Our research is centered on quantifying the effects of potential vorticity conservation and of wave interactions for the coupling of disparate time and space scales in the oceans and the atmosphere. Ultimately we expect the work to help improve predictive capabilities of atmosphere, ocean and climate modelers. The main findings of our research projects are described.
Accurate complex scaling of three dimensional numerical potentials
Cerioni, Alessandro [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Horowitz, BP220 38043 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Genovese, Luigi; Duchemin, Ivan; Deutsch, Thierry [Laboratoire de simulation atomistique (L-Sim), SP2M, UMR-E CEA/UJF-Grenoble 1, INAC, Grenoble F-38054 (France)
2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
The complex scaling method, which consists in continuing spatial coordinates into the complex plane, is a well-established method that allows to compute resonant eigenfunctions of the time-independent Schroedinger operator. Whenever it is desirable to apply the complex scaling to investigate resonances in physical systems defined on numerical discrete grids, the most direct approach relies on the application of a similarity transformation to the original, unscaled Hamiltonian. We show that such an approach can be conveniently implemented in the Daubechies wavelet basis set, featuring a very promising level of generality, high accuracy, and no need for artificial convergence parameters. Complex scaling of three dimensional numerical potentials can be efficiently and accurately performed. By carrying out an illustrative resonant state computation in the case of a one-dimensional model potential, we then show that our wavelet-based approach may disclose new exciting opportunities in the field of computational non-Hermitian quantum mechanics.
Inflation with a Planck-scale frequency cutoff
J. C. Niemeyer
2000-11-22T23:59:59.000Z
The implementation of a Planck-scale high frequency and short wavelength cutoff in quantum theories on expanding backgrounds may have potentially nontrivial implications, such as the breaking of local Lorentz invariance and the existence of a yet unknown mechanism for the creation of vacuum modes. In scenarios where inflation begins close to the cutoff scale, these effects could have observable consequences as trans-Planckian modes are redshifted to cosmological scales. In close analogy with similar studies of Hawking radiation, a simple theory of a minimally coupled scalar field in de Sitter space is studied, with a high frequency cutoff imposed by a nonlinear dispersion relation. Under certain conditions the model predicts deviations from the standard inflationary scenario. We also comment on the difficulties in generalizing fluid models of Hawking radiation to cosmological space-times.
LAMMPS strong scaling performance optimization on Blue Gene/Q
Coffman, Paul; Jiang, Wei; Romero, Nichols A.
2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
LAMMPS "Large-scale Atomic/Molecular Massively Parallel Simulator" is an open-source molecular dynamics package from Sandia National Laboratories. Significant performance improvements in strong-scaling and time-to-solution for this application on IBM's Blue Gene/Q have been achieved through computational optimizations of the OpenMP versions of the short-range Lennard-Jones term of the CHARMM force field and the long-range Coulombic interaction implemented with the PPPM (particle-particle-particle mesh) algorithm, enhanced by runtime parameter settings controlling thread utilization. Additionally, MPI communication performance improvements were made to the PPPM calculation by re-engineering the parallel 3D FFT to use MPICH collectives instead of point-to-point. Performance testing was done using an 8.4-million atom simulation scaling up to 16 racks on the Mira system at Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF). Speedups resulting from this effort were in some cases over 2x.
Examining the Variability of Wind Power Output in the Regulation Time Frame: Preprint
Hodge, B. M.; Shedd, S.; Florita, A.
2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
This work examines the distribution of changes in wind power for different time scales in the regulation time frame as well as the correlation of changes in power output for individual wind turbines in a wind plant.
PREDICTION OF OXIDE SCALE EXFOLIATION IN STEAM TUBES
Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Wright, Ian G [ORNL
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Numerical simulation results are presented for the prediction of the likelihood of oxide scale exfoliation from superheater tubes. The scenarios considered involved alloys T22, TP347H, and TP347HFG subjected to a simplified operating cycle in a power plant generating supercritical steam. The states of stress and strain of the oxides grown in steam were based solely on modeling the various phenomena experienced by superheater tubes during boiler operation, current understanding of the oxidation behavior of each alloy in steam, and consideration of operating parameters such as heat flux, tube dimensions, and boiler duty cycle. Interpretation of the evolution of strain in these scales, and the approach to conditions where scale failure (hence exfoliation) is expected, makes use of the type of Exfoliation Diagrams that incorporate various cracking and exfoliation criteria appropriate for the system considered. In these diagrams, the strain accumulation with time in an oxide is represented by a strain trajectory derived from the net strain resulting from oxide growth, differences in coefficients of thermal expansion among the components, and relaxation due to creep. It was found that an oxide growing on a tube subjected to routine boiler load cycling conditions attained relatively low values of net strain, indicating that oxide failure would not be expected to occur during normal boiler operation. However, during a boiler shut-down event, strains sufficient to exceed the scale failure criteria were developed after times reasonably in accord with plant experience, with the scales on the ferritic steel failing in tension, and those on the austenitic steels in compression. The results presented illustrate that using this approach to track the state of strain in the oxide scale through all phases of boiler operation, including transitions from full-to-low load and shut-down events, offers the possibility of identifying the phase(s) of boiler operation during which oxide failure is most likely to occur.
Guenter Nimtz
2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
How much time does a tunneling wave packet spent in traversing a barrier? Quantum mechanical calculations result in zero time inside a barrier . In the nineties analogous tunneling experiments with microwaves were carried out. The results agreed with quantum mechanical calculations. Electron tunneling time is hard to measure being extremely short and parasitic effects due to the electric charge of electrons may be dominant. However, quite recently the atomic ionization tunneling time has been measured. Experimental data of photonic, phononic, and electronic tunneling time is available now and will be presented. It appears that the tunneling time is a universal property independent of the field in question.
Lightweight Time Modeling in Timed Creol
Bjørk, Joakim; Owe, Olaf; Schlatte, Rudolf; 10.4204/EPTCS.36.4
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Creol is an object-oriented modeling language in which inherently concurrent objects exchange asynchronous method calls. The operational semantics of Creol is written in an actor-based style, formulated in rewriting logic. The operational semantics yields a language interpreter in the Maude system, which can be used to analyze models. Recently, Creol has been applied to the modeling of systems with radio communication, such as sensor systems. With radio communication, messages expire and, if sent simultaneously, they may collide in the air. In order to capture these and other properties of distributed systems, we extended Creol's operational semantics with a notion of time. We exploit the framework of a language interpreter to use a lightweight notion of time, in contrast to that needed for a general purpose specification language. This paper presents a timed extension of Creol, including the semantics and the implementation strategy, and discusses its properties using an extended example. The approach can be...
Preliminary Scaling Estimate for Select Small Scale Mixing Demonstration Tests
Wells, Beric E.; Fort, James A.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Rector, David R.; Schonewill, Philip P.
2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
The Hanford Site double-shell tank (DST) system provides the staging location for waste that will be transferred to the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Specific WTP acceptance criteria for waste feed delivery describe the physical and chemical characteristics of the waste that must be met before the waste is transferred from the DSTs to the WTP. One of the more challenging requirements relates to the sampling and characterization of the undissolved solids (UDS) in a waste feed DST because the waste contains solid particles that settle and their concentration and relative proportion can change during the transfer of the waste in individual batches. A key uncertainty in the waste feed delivery system is the potential variation in UDS transferred in individual batches in comparison to an initial sample used for evaluating the acceptance criteria. To address this uncertainty, a number of small-scale mixing tests have been conducted as part of Washington River Protection Solutions’ Small Scale Mixing Demonstration (SSMD) project to determine the performance of the DST mixing and sampling systems.
Proton Emission Times in Spectator Fragmentation
C. Schwarz; for the ALADIN collaboration
2000-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
Proton-proton correlations from spectator decays following Au + Au collisions at 1000 AMeV have been measured with an highly efficient detector hodoscope. The constructed correlation functions indicate a moderate expansion and low breakup densities similar to assumptions made in statistical multifragmentation models. In agreement with a volume breakup rather short time scales were deduced employing directional cuts in proton-proton correlations.
Time Asymmetric Quantum Physics
A. Bohm
1999-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
Mathematical and phenomenological arguments in favor of asymmetric time evolution of micro-physical states are presented.
Scaling exponents of Forced Polymer Translocation through a nano-pore
Aniket Bhattacharya; William H. Morrison; Kaifu Luo; Tapio Ala-Nissila; See-Chen Ying; Andrey Milchev; Kurt Binder
2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate several scaling properties of a translocating homopolymer through a thin pore driven by an external field present inside the pore only using Langevin Dynamics (LD) simulation in three dimension (3D). Specifically motivated by several recent theoretical and numerical studies that are apparently at odds with each other, we determine the chain length dependence of the scaling exponents of the average translocation time, the average velocity of the center of mass, $$, the effective radius of gyration during the translocation process, and the scaling exponent of the translocation coordinate ($s$-coordinate) as a function of the translocation time. We further discuss the possibility that in the case of driven translocation the finite pore size and its geometry could be responsible that the veclocity scaling exponent is less than unity and discuss the dependence of the scaling exponents on the pore geometry for the range of $N$ studied here.
Ballistic and superdiffusive scales in macroscopic evolution of a chain of oscillators
Tomasz Komorowski; Stefano Olla
2015-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a one dimensional infinite chain of harmonic oscillators whose dynamics is perturbed by a random exchange of velocities, such that the energy and momentum of the chain are conserved. Consequently, the evolution of the system has only three conserved quantities: mass, momentum and energy. We show the existence of two space--time scales on which the energy of the system evolves. On the hyperbolic scale the limits of the conserved quantities satisfy a Euler system of equations, while the thermal part of the energy macroscopic profile remains stationary. This part of energy starts evolving at a longer time scale, corresponding to the superdiffusive scaling and follows a fractional heat equation. We also prove the diffusive scaling limit of the Riemann invariants-the so called normal modes, corresponding to the linear hyperbolic propagation.
Full-Scale Numerical Modeling of Turbulent Processes in the Earth's Ionosphere
Eliasson, B. [Department of Physics, Umeaa University, SE-901 87 Umeaa (Sweden); Stenflo, L. [Department of Physics, Umeaa University, SE-901 87 Umeaa (Sweden); Department of Physics, Linkoeping University, SE-581 83 Linkoeping (Sweden); Shukla, P. K. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik IV, Fakultaet fuer Physik und Astronomie, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)
2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a full-scale simulation study of ionospheric turbulence by means of a generalized Zakharov model based on the separation of variables into high-frequency and slow time scales. The model includes realistic length scales of the ionospheric profile and of the electromagnetic and electrostatic fields, and uses ionospheric plasma parameters relevant for high-latitude radio facilities such as Eiscat and HAARP. A nested grid numerical method has been developed to resolve the different length-scales, while avoiding severe restrictions on the time step. The simulation demonstrates the parametric decay of the ordinary mode into Langmuir and ion-acoustic waves, followed by a Langmuir wave collapse and short-scale caviton formation, as observed in ionospheric heating experiments.
Comprehensive energy transport scalings derived from DIII-D similarity experiments
Petty, C.C.; Luce, T.C. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Baity, F.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others
1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
The dependences of heat transport on the dimensionless plasma physics parameters has been measured for both L-mode and H-mode plasmas on the DIII-D tokamak. Heat transport in L-mode plasmas has a gyroradius scaling that is gyro-Bohm-like for electrons and worse than Bohm-like for ions, with no measurable beta or collisionality dependence; this corresponds to having an energy confinement time that scales like {tau}{sub E} {proportional_to} n{sup 0.5}P{sup {minus}0.5}. H-mode plasmas have gyro-Bohm-like scaling of heat transport for both electrons and ions, weak beta scaling, and moderate collisionality scaling. In addition, H-mode plasmas have a strong safety factor scaling ({chi} {approximately} q{sup 2}) at all radii. Combining these four dimensionless parameter scalings together gives an energy confinement time scaling for H-mode plasmas like {tau}{sub E} {proportional_to} B{sup {minus}1}{rho}{sup {minus}3.15}{beta}{sup 0.03}v{sup {minus}0.42}q{sub 95}{sup {minus}1.43} {proportional_to} I{sup 0.84}B{sup 0.39}n{sup 0.18}P{sup {minus}0.41}L{sup 2.0}, which is similar to empirical scalings derived from global confinement databases.
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma | Department ofEnergySTATE ENERGY PROGRAM NOTICE 10-0152 DOEMotor-DrivenatonScale Models and Wind
Holographic Superconductors with Lifshitz Scaling
E. J. Brynjolfsson; U. H. Danielsson; L. Thorlacius; T. Zingg
2010-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
Black holes in asymptotically Lifshitz spacetime provide a window onto finite temperature effects in strongly coupled Lifshitz models. We add a Maxwell gauge field and charged matter to a recently proposed gravity dual of 2+1 dimensional Lifshitz theory. This gives rise to charged black holes with scalar hair, which correspond to the superconducting phase of holographic superconductors with z > 1 Lifshitz scaling. Along the way we analyze the global geometry of static, asymptotically Lifshitz black holes at arbitrary critical exponent z > 1. In all known exact solutions there is a null curvature singularity in the black hole region, and, by a general argument, the same applies to generic Lifshitz black holes.
Noncommutative Two Time Physics
W. Chagas-Filho
2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present a classical formalism describing two-time physics with Abelian canonical gauge field backgrounds. The formalism can be used as a starting point for the construction of an interacting quantized two-time physics theory in a noncommutative soace-time.
De-Xing Kong; Kefeng Liu; Ming Shen
2008-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we construct a new time-periodic solution of the vacuum Einstein's field equations whose Riemann curvature norm takes the infinity at some points. We show that this solution is intrinsically time-periodic and describes a time-periodic universe with the "black hole". New physical phenomena are investigated and new singularities are analyzed for this universal model.
Proton Decay and the Planck Scale
Larson, Daniel T.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
LBNL- 56556 PROTON DECAY AND THE PLANCK SCALE DANIEL T.ph/0410035v1 2 Oct 2004 PROTON DECAY AND THE PLANCK SCALE ?without grand uni?cation, proton decay can be a powerful
Scale in object and process ontologies
Reitsma, Femke; Bittner, Thomas
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Scale is of great importance to the analysis of real world phenomena, be they enduring objects or perduring processes. This paper presents a new perspective on the concept of scale by considering it within two complementary ...
Range Fuels Commercial-Scale Biorefinery
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Range Fuels commercial-scale biorefinery will use a variety of feedstocks to create cellulosic ethanol, methanol, and power.
Bench-Scale Fermentation Laboratory (Fact Sheet)
Not Available
2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This fact sheet provides information about Bench-Scale Fermentation Laboratory capabilities and applications at NREL's National Bioenergy Center.
National-Scale Wind Resource Assessment for Power Generation (Presentation)
Baring-Gould, E. I.
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
This presentation describes the current standards for conducting a national-scale wind resource assessment for power generation, along with the risk/benefit considerations to be considered when beginning a wind resource assessment. The presentation describes changes in turbine technology and viable wind deployment due to more modern turbine technology and taller towers and shows how the Philippines national wind resource assessment evolved over time to reflect changes that arise from updated technologies and taller towers.
T. Matolcsi; P. Van
2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
A four dimensional treatment of nonrelativistic space-time gives a natural frame to deal with objective time derivatives. In this framework some well known objective time derivatives of continuum mechanics appear as Lie-derivatives. Their coordinatized forms depends on the tensorial properties of the relevant physical quantities. We calculate the particular forms of objective time derivatives for scalars, vectors, covectors and different second order tensors from the point of view of a rotating observer. The relation of substantial, material and objective time derivatives is treated.
Engineering scale electrostatic enclosure demonstration
Meyer, L.C.
1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents results from an engineering scale electrostatic enclosure demonstration test. The electrostatic enclosure is part of an overall in-depth contamination control strategy for transuranic (TRU) waste recovery operations. TRU contaminants include small particles of plutonium compounds associated with defense-related waste recovery operations. Demonstration test items consisted of an outer Perma-con enclosure, an inner tent enclosure, and a ventilation system test section for testing electrostatic curtain devices. Three interchangeable test fixtures that could remove plutonium from the contaminated dust were tested in the test section. These were an electret filter, a CRT as an electrostatic field source, and an electrically charged parallel plate separator. Enclosure materials tested included polyethylene, anti-static construction fabric, and stainless steel. The soil size distribution was determined using an eight stage cascade impactor. Photographs of particles containing plutonium were obtained with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The SEM also provided a second method of getting the size distribution. The amount of plutonium removed from the aerosol by the electrostatic devices was determined by radiochemistry from input and output aerosol samplers. The inner and outer enclosures performed adequately for plutonium handling operations and could be used for full scale operations.
Nuclear Reactions & Scaling Arguments 11 October 2011
Militzer, Burkhard
Nuclear Reactions & Scaling Arguments 11 October 2011 Goals · Review nuclear reaction rates · Practice using scaling arguments Nuclear Reactions 1. Consider the simple reaction A k1 ---- B k2 ---- C = 3. #12;nuclear reactions & scaling arguments 2 3. Frequently, we approximate nuclear reaction rates
Nuclear Reactions & Scaling Arguments 11 October 2011
Militzer, Burkhard
Nuclear Reactions & Scaling Arguments 11 October 2011 Goals · Review nuclear reaction rates · Practice using scaling arguments Nuclear Reactions 1. Consider the simple reaction A k1 ---- B k2 ---- C rate for something like p + p D scales like n2 p. Think in microscopic terms. #12;nuclear reactions
Web Scale Taxonomy Cleansing Taesung Lee ,
Hwang, Seung-won
Web Scale Taxonomy Cleansing Taesung Lee , Zhongyuan Wang Haixun Wang Seung-won Hwang POSTECH.wang,haixunw}@microsoft.com ABSTRACT Large ontologies and taxonomies are automatically harvested from web-scale data. These taxonomies- scale taxonomies becomes a great challenge. A natural way to en- rich a taxonomy is to map the taxonomy
Introduction & scope Scale-dependent phenomena
Kuhn, Matthew R.
on Multi-scale Modeling of Materials University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA May 2530, 2006 Kuhn -- May 27, 2006 http:// faculty.up.edu / kuhn / papers / Tacoma.pdf LATEX #12;Introduction & scope Scale 27, 2006 http:// faculty.up.edu / kuhn / papers / Tacoma.pdf LATEX #12;Introduction & scope Scale
DISSERTATION QUANTIFYING SCALE RELATIONSHIPS IN SNOW DISTRIBUTIONS
Anderson, Charles W.
and variability of the seasonal mountain snowpack at different scales are imperative for water supply (power law) scaling patterns over two distinct scale ranges, separated by a distinct break at the 15-40 m in wind redistribution processes from wind/vegetation interactions at small lags to wind
Conundrum of the Large Scale Streaming
T. M. Malm
1999-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
The etiology of the large scale peculiar velocity (large scale streaming motion) of clusters would increasingly seem more tenuous, within the context of the gravitational instability hypothesis. Are there any alternative testable models possibly accounting for such large scale streaming of clusters?
Building Scale vs. Community Scale Net-Zero Energy Performance
Katipamula, Srinivas; Fernandez, Nicholas; Brambley, Michael R.; Reddy, T. A.
2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
Many government and industry organizations are focusing building energy-efficiency goals around producing individual net-zero buildings (nZEBs), using photovoltaic (PV) technology to provide on-site renewable energy after substantially improving the energy efficiency of the buildings themselves. Seeking net-zero energy (NZE) at the community scale instead introduces the possibility of using a wider range of renewable energy technologies, such as solar-thermal electricity generation, solar-assisted heating/cooling systems, and wind energy, economically. This paper reports results of a study comparing NZE communities to communities consisting of individual nZEBs. Five scenarios are examined: 1) base case – a community of nZEBs with roof mounted PV systems; 2) NZE communities served by wind turbines on leased land; 3) NZE communities served by wind turbines on owned land; 4) communities served by solar-thermal electric generation; and 5) communities served by photovoltaic farms. All buildings are assumed to be highly efficient, e.g., 70% more efficient than current practice. The scenarios are analyzed for two climate locations (Chicago and Phoenix), and the levelized costs of electricity for the scenarios are compared. The results show that even for the climate in the U.S. most favorable to PV (Phoenix), more cost-effective approaches are available to achieving NZE than the conventional building-level approach (rooftop PV with aggressive building efficiency improvements). The paper shows that by expanding the measurement boundary for NZE, a community can take advantage of economies of scale, achieving improved economics while reaching the same overall energy-performance objective.
Lightweight and Statistical Techniques for Petascale PetaScale Debugging
Miller, Barton
2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
This project investigated novel techniques for debugging scientific applications on petascale architectures. In particular, we developed lightweight tools that narrow the problem space when bugs are encountered. We also developed techniques that either limit the number of tasks and the code regions to which a developer must apply a traditional debugger or that apply statistical techniques to provide direct suggestions of the location and type of error. We extend previous work on the Stack Trace Analysis Tool (STAT), that has already demonstrated scalability to over one hundred thousand MPI tasks. We also extended statistical techniques developed to isolate programming errors in widely used sequential or threaded applications in the Cooperative Bug Isolation (CBI) project to large scale parallel applications. Overall, our research substantially improved productivity on petascale platforms through a tool set for debugging that complements existing commercial tools. Previously, Office Of Science application developers relied either on primitive manual debugging techniques based on printf or they use tools, such as TotalView, that do not scale beyond a few thousand processors. However, bugs often arise at scale and substantial effort and computation cycles are wasted in either reproducing the problem in a smaller run that can be analyzed with the traditional tools or in repeated runs at scale that use the primitive techniques. New techniques that work at scale and automate the process of identifying the root cause of errors were needed. These techniques significantly reduced the time spent debugging petascale applications, thus leading to a greater overall amount of time for application scientists to pursue the scientific objectives for which the systems are purchased. We developed a new paradigm for debugging at scale: techniques that reduced the debugging scenario to a scale suitable for traditional debuggers, e.g., by narrowing the search for the root-cause analysis to a small set of nodes or by identifying equivalence classes of nodes and sampling our debug targets from them. We implemented these techniques as lightweight tools that efficiently work on the full scale of the target machine. We explored four lightweight debugging refinements: generic classification parameters, such as stack traces, application-specific classification parameters, such as global variables, statistical data acquisition techniques and machine learning based approaches to perform root cause analysis. Work done under this project can be divided into two categories, new algorithms and techniques for scalable debugging, and foundation infrastructure work on our MRNet multicast-reduction framework for scalability, and Dyninst binary analysis and instrumentation toolkits.
An Occupied Subspace Optimization for Linear Scaling in LargeScale Ab Initio Electronic
Raczkowski, David
1 CONTENTS An Occupied Subspace Optimization for Linear Scaling in LargeScale Ab Initio Electronic 2000 Physics An Occupied Subspace Optimization for Linear Scaling in Large Scale Ab Initio Electronic Structure Calculations Abstract We present an approach to electronic structure calcu lations that replaces
Laboratory studies of 2H evaporator scale dissolution in dilute nitric acid
Oji, L.
2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
The rate of 2H evaporator scale solids dissolution in dilute nitric acid has been experimentally evaluated under laboratory conditions in the SRNL shielded cells. The 2H scale sample used for the dissolution study came from the bottom of the evaporator cone section and the wall section of the evaporator cone. The accumulation rate of aluminum and silicon, assumed to be the two principal elemental constituents of the 2H evaporator scale aluminosilicate mineral, were monitored in solution. Aluminum and silicon concentration changes, with heating time at a constant oven temperature of 90 deg C, were used to ascertain the extent of dissolution of the 2H evaporator scale mineral. The 2H evaporator scale solids, assumed to be composed of mostly aluminosilicate mineral, readily dissolves in 1.5 and 1.25 M dilute nitric acid solutions yielding principal elemental components of aluminum and silicon in solution. The 2H scale dissolution rate constant, based on aluminum accumulation in 1.5 and 1.25 M dilute nitric acid solution are, respectively, 9.21E-04 ± 6.39E-04 min{sup -1} and 1.07E-03 ± 7.51E-05 min{sup -1}. Silicon accumulation rate in solution does track the aluminum accumulation profile during the first few minutes of scale dissolution. It however diverges towards the end of the scale dissolution. This divergence therefore means the aluminum-to-silicon ratio in the first phase of the scale dissolution (non-steady state conditions) is different from the ratio towards the end of the scale dissolution. Possible causes of this change in silicon accumulation in solution as the scale dissolution progresses may include silicon precipitation from solution or the 2H evaporator scale is a heterogeneous mixture of aluminosilicate minerals with several impurities. The average half-life for the decomposition of the 2H evaporator scale mineral in 1.5 M nitric acid is 12.5 hours, while the half-life for the decomposition of the 2H evaporator scale in 1.25 M nitric acid is 10.8 hours. Based on averaging the two half-lives from the 2H scale acid dissolution in 1.25 and 1.5 M nitric acid solutions, a reasonable half-live for the dissolution of 2H scales in dilute nitric acid is 11.7 ± 1.3 hours. The plant operational time for chemically cleaning (soaking) the 2H evaporator with dilute nitric acid is 32 hours. It therefore may require about 3 half-lives or less to completely dissolve most of the scales in the Evaporator pot which come into contact with the dilute nitric acid solution. On a mass basis, the Al-to-Si ratio for the scale dissolution in 1.5 M nitric acid averaged 1.30 ± 0.20 and averaged 1.18 ± 0.10 for the 2H scale dissolution in 1.25 M nitric acid. These aluminum-to-silicon ratios are in fairly good agreement with ratios from previous studies. Therefore, there is still more aluminum in the 2H evaporator scales than silicon which implies that there are no significant changes in scale properties which will exclude nitric acid as a viable protic solvent for aluminosilicate scale buildup dissolution from the 2H evaporator. Overall, the monitoring of the scale decomposition reaction in 1.25 and 1.5 M nitric acid may be better ascertained through the determination of aluminum concentration in solution than monitoring silicon in solution. Silicon solution chemistry may lead to partial precipitating of silicon with time as the scale and acid solution is heated.
Yousef Ghazi-Tabatabai
2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
While Quantum Gravity remains elusive and Quantum Field Theory retains the interpretational difficulties of Quantum Mechanics, we have introduced an alternate approach to the unification of particles, fields, space and time, suggesting that the concept of matter as space without time provides a framework which unifies matter with spacetime and in which we anticipate the development of complete theories (ideally a single unified theory) describing observed 'particles, charges, fields and forces' solely with the geometry of our matter-space-time universe.
Intrinsic Time Quantum Geometrodynamics
Ita, Eyo Eyo; Yu, Hoi-Lai
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Geometrodynamics with intrinsic time development and momentric variables is presented. An underlying SU(3) group structure at each spatial point regulates the theory. The intrinsic time behavior of the theory is analyzed, together with its ground state and primordial quantum fluctuations. Cotton-York potential dominates at early times when the universe was small; the ground state naturally resolves Penrose's Weyl Curvature Hypothesis, and thermodynamic and gravitational `arrows of time' point in the same direction. Ricci scalar potential corresponding to Einstein's General Relativity emerges as a zero-point energy contribution. A new set of fundamental canonical commutation relations without Planck's constant emerges from the unification of Gravitation and Quantum Mechanics.
White, Lynn
2000-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
, you expect unused time to come around again, so that when the same opportunities appear you will be wiser about how to use it. Consider how your cultural background af_fects the w ay you plan and manage time. W *Both cited in Bauer, J. It?s Time.... Effective time management means decid- ing which activity should be done from all the possibilities available, and then doing it. It is a matter of setting priorities. Deciding which jobs are most important and working on those may be better than doing less...
Intrinsic Time Quantum Geometrodynamics
Eyo Eyo Ita III; Chopin Soo; Hoi-Lai Yu
2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Geometrodynamics with intrinsic time development and momentric variables is presented. An underlying SU(3) group structure at each spatial point regulates the theory. The intrinsic time behavior of the theory is analyzed, together with its ground state and primordial quantum fluctuations. Cotton-York potential dominates at early times when the universe was small; the ground state naturally resolves Penrose's Weyl Curvature Hypothesis, and thermodynamic and gravitational `arrows of time' point in the same direction. Ricci scalar potential corresponding to Einstein's General Relativity emerges as a zero-point energy contribution. A new set of fundamental commutation relations without Planck's constant emerges from the unification of Gravitation and Quantum Mechanics.
Large scale quantum mechanical enzymology
Lever, Greg
2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z
, during which many words of wisdom were imparted on me that I shall remember for a long time. Of course I can not forget my office mates who have always made TCM fun and interesting who, in chronological order, are Sam, Emma, Andrew, Daniel, Gen, Edgar...
Developing Improved Travel Time Reliability Measures For Real-time
Bertini, Robert L.
reliability Use for prioritizing improvements Outline #12; 95th Percentile Travel Time Travel Time Index: mean travel time divided by free flow travel time Buffer Index: difference between 95th percentile travel time and mean travel time, divided by mean travel time Planning Time Index: 95th percentile
E. Minguzzi
2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
Every time function on spacetime gives a (continuous) total preordering of the spacetime events which respects the notion of causal precedence. The problem of the existence of a (semi-)time function on spacetime and the problem of recovering the causal structure starting from the set of time functions are studied. It is pointed out that these problems have an analog in the field of microeconomics known as utility theory. In a chronological spacetime the semi-time functions correspond to the utilities for the chronological relation, while in a K-causal (stably causal) spacetime the time functions correspond to the utilities for the K^+ relation (Seifert's relation). By exploiting this analogy, we are able to import some mathematical results, most notably Peleg's and Levin's theorems, to the spacetime framework. As a consequence, we prove that a K-causal (i.e. stably causal) spacetime admits a time function and that the time or temporal functions can be used to recover the K^+ (or Seifert) relation which indeed turns out to be the intersection of the time or temporal orderings. This result tells us in which circumstances it is possible to recover the chronological or causal relation starting from the set of time or temporal functions allowed by the spacetime. Moreover, it is proved that a chronological spacetime in which the closure of the causal relation is transitive (for instance a reflective spacetime) admits a semi-time function. Along the way a new proof avoiding smoothing techniques is given that the existence of a time function implies stable causality, and a new short proof of the equivalence between K-causality and stable causality is given which takes advantage of Levin's theorem and smoothing techniques.
M. Heller; W. Sasin
1997-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
In the groupoid approach to noncommutative quantization of gravity, gravitational field is quantized in terms of a C*-algebra A of complex valued funcions on a groupoid G (with convolution as multiplication). In the noncommutative quantum gravitational regime the concepts of space and time are meaningless. We study the "emergence of time" in the transition process from the noncommutative regime to the standard space-time geometry. Precise conditions are specified under which modular groups of the von Neumann algebra generated by A can be defined. These groups are interpreted as a state depending time flow. If the above conditions are further refined one obtains a state independent time flow. We show that quantum gravitational dynamics can be expressed in terms of modular groups.
DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications Large scale Python and other dynamic applications may spend huge...
Engineering-Scale Demonstration of DuraLith and Ceramicrete Waste Forms
Josephson, Gary B.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Pires, Richard P.; Bickford, Jody; Foote, Martin W.
2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
To support the selection of a waste form for the liquid secondary wastes from the Hanford Waste Immobilization and Treatment Plant, Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) has initiated secondary waste form testing on four candidate waste forms. Two of the candidate waste forms have not been developed to scale as the more mature waste forms. This work describes engineering-scale demonstrations conducted on Ceramicrete and DuraLith candidate waste forms. Both candidate waste forms were successfully demonstrated at an engineering scale. A preliminary conceptual design could be prepared for full-scale production of the candidate waste forms. However, both waste forms are still too immature to support a detailed design. Formulations for each candidate waste form need to be developed so that the material has a longer working time after mixing the liquid and solid constituents together. Formulations optimized based on previous lab studies did not have sufficient working time to support large-scale testing. The engineering-scale testing was successfully completed using modified formulations. Further lab development and parametric studies are needed to optimize formulations with adequate working time and assess the effects of changes in raw materials and process parameters on the final product performance. Studies on effects of mixing intensity on the initial set time of the waste forms are also needed.
Gradient flow and scale setting on MILC HISQ ensembles
MILC Collaboration; A. Bazavov; C. Bernard; N. Brown; C. DeTar; J. Foley; Steven Gottlieb; U. M. Heller; J. Komijani; J. Laiho; L. Levkova; R. L. Sugar; D. Toussaint; R. S. Van de Water
2015-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
We report on a scale determination with gradient-flow techniques on the $N_f=2+1+1$ HISQ ensembles generated by the MILC collaboration. The ensembles include four lattice spacings, ranging from approximately 0.15 to 0.06 fm, and both physical and unphysical values of the quark masses. The scales $\\sqrt{t_0}/a$ and $w_0/a$ and their tree-level improvements, $\\sqrt{t_{0,{\\rm imp}}}$ and $w_{0,{\\rm imp}}$, are computed on each ensemble using Symanzik flow and the cloverleaf definition of the energy density $E$. Using a combination of continuum chiral perturbation theory and a Taylor-series ansatz for the lattice-spacing and strong-coupling dependence, the results are simultaneously extrapolated to the continuum and interpolated to physical quark masses. We determine the scales $\\sqrt{t_0} = 0.1416({}_{-5}^{+8})$ fm and $w_0 = 0.1717({}_{-11}^{+12})$ fm, where the errors are sums, in quadrature, of statistical and all systematic errors. The precision of $w_0$ and $\\sqrt{t_0}$ is comparable to or more precise than the best previous estimates, respectively. We also find the continuum mass-dependence of $w_0$ that will be useful for estimating the scales of other ensembles. We also estimate the integrated autocorrelation length of $\\langle E(t) \\rangle$. For long flow times, the autocorrelation length of $\\langle E \\rangle$ appears to be comparable to or smaller than that of the topological charge.
MeV Dark Matter and Small Scale Structure
Hooper, Dan; /Fermilab; Kaplinghat, Manoj; Strigari, Louis E.; /UC, Irvine; Zurek, Kathryn M.; /Wisconsin U., Madison
2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
WIMPs with electroweak scale masses (neutralinos, etc.) remain in kinetic equilibrium with other particle species until temperatures approximately in the range of 10 MeV to 1 GeV, leading to the formation of dark matter substructure with masses as small as 10{sup -4} M{sub {circle_dot}} to 10{sup -12} M{sub {circle_dot}}. However, if dark matter consists of particles with MeV scale masses, as motivated by the observation of 511 keV emission from the Galactic Bulge, such particles are naturally expected to remain in kinetic equilibrium with the cosmic neutrino background until considerably later times. This would lead to a strong suppression of small scale structure with masses below about 10{sup 7}M{sub {circle_dot}} to 10{sup 4} M{sub {circle_dot}}. This cutoff scale has important implications for present and future searches for faint Local Group satellite galaxies and for the missing satellites problem.
Comparing Scales of Environmental Effects from Gasoline and Ethanol Production
Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; McBride, Allen [ORNL; Johnson, Timothy L [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Raleigh, North Carolina; Hilliard, Michael R [ORNL; Bielicki, Dr Jeffrey M [University of Minnesota
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the environmental effects of alternative fuel production is critical to characterizing the sustainability of energy resources to inform policy and regulatory decisions. The magnitudes of these environmental effects vary according to the intensity and scale of fuel production along each step of the supply chain. We compare the scales (i.e., spatial extent and temporal duration) of ethanol and gasoline production processes and environmental effects based on a literature review, and then synthesize the scale differences on space-time diagrams. Comprehensive assessment of any fuel-production system is a moving target, and our analysis shows that decisions regarding the selection of spatial and temporal boundaries of analysis have tremendous influences on the comparisons. Effects that strongly differentiate gasoline and ethanol supply chains in terms of scale are associated with when and where energy resources are formed and how they are extracted. Although both gasoline and ethanol production may result in negative environmental effects, this study indicates that ethanol production traced through a supply chain may impact less area and result in more easily reversed effects of a shorter duration than gasoline production.
Short Time Cycles of Purely Quantum Refrigerators
Tova Feldmann; Ronnie Kosloff
2012-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
Four stroke Otto refrigerator cycles with no classical analogue are studied. Extremely short cycle times with respect to the internal time scale of the working medium characterize these refrigerators. Therefore these cycles are termed sudden. The sudden cycles are characterized by the stable limit cycle which is the invariant of the global cycle propagator. During their operation the state of the working medium possesses significant coherence which is not erased in the equilibration segments due to the very short time allocated. This characteristic is reflected in a difference between the energy entropy and the Von Neumann entropy of the working medium. A classification scheme for sudden refrigerators is developed allowing simple approximations for the cooling power and coefficient of performance.
Measurable Maximal Energy and Minimal Time Interval
Eiman Abou El Dahab; Abdel Nasser Tawfik
2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
The possibility of finding the measurable maximal energy and the minimal time interval is discussed in different quantum aspects. It is found that the linear generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) approach gives a non-physical result. Based on large scale Schwarzshild solution, the quadratic GUP approach is utilized. The calculations are performed at the shortest distance, at which the general relativity is assumed to be a good approximation for the quantum gravity and at larger distances, as well. It is found that both maximal energy and minimal time have the order of the Planck time. Then, the uncertainties in both quantities are accordingly bounded. Some physical insights are addressed. Also, the implications on the physics of early Universe and on quantized mass are outlined. The results are related to the existence of finite cosmological constant and minimum mass (mass quanta).
Large scale structures in gas-liquid mixture flows
Davis, M.R.; Fungtamasan, B.
1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Relatively slow variations in mixture void fraction in gas-liquid mixture flows are indicated by low pass filter averaging. The slow void fluctuations are found to have a regular characteristic frequency or scale in the churn flow regime or near the boundary with the dispersed bubble flow regime. These regular disturbances develop inherently in a vertical pipe flow in strength and in size and are not due to the method of flow mixing. There was no evidence of distinctive gas slugs in the flow, and the structures were identified as large clouds of bubbles which moved faster than the average velocity, growing in size and strength as they moved with the flow. The magnitude of the voidage fluctuations in the churn flow regime was on average 57% of the value for a slug flow. The large scale bubble clouds convect coherently over relatively long distances a up to 1.45 times the mean mixture flow velocity at a gas volume flow fraction of 0.4. In the bubbl flow regime, the slow voidage variations were more random in scale and were only approx. 10% of the slug flow (maximum possible) value. However, even in the bubble flow regime, the disturbances convected coherently over relatively long distances at a velocity of approx. 1.1 time the mean mixture velocity.
Martin, A.D.
1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
Method and apparatus are provided for generating an output pulse following a trigger pulse at a time delay interval preset with a resolution which is high relative to a low resolution available from supplied clock pulses. A first lumped constant delay provides a first output signal at predetermined interpolation intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution time interval. Latching circuits latch the high resolution data to form a first synchronizing data set. A selected time interval has been preset to internal counters and corrected for circuit propagation delay times having the same order of magnitude as the desired high resolution. Internal system clock pulses count down the counters to generate an internal pulse delayed by an internal which is functionally related to the preset time interval. A second LCD corrects the internal signal with the high resolution time delay. A second internal pulse is then applied to a third LCD to generate a second set of synchronizing data which is complementary with the first set of synchronizing data for presentation to logic circuits. The logic circuits further delay the internal output signal with the internal pulses. The final delayed output signal thereafter enables the output pulse generator to produce the desired output pulse at the preset time delay interval following input of the trigger pulse.
Scaling Rules for Pre-Injector Design
Tom Schwarz; Dan Amidei
2003-07-13T23:59:59.000Z
Proposed designs of the prebunching system of the NLC and TESLA are based on the assumption that scaling the SLC design to NLC/TESLA requirements should provide the desired performance. A simple equation is developed to suggest a scaling rule in terms of bunch charge and duration. Detailed simulations of prebunching systems scaled from a single design have been run to investigate these issues.
Scaling the practical education experience Joel Sommers
Haddadi, Hamed
Scaling the practical education experience Joel Sommers Colgate University jsommers outline a successful This work was done in part while Joel Sommers was visiting the University
High Performance Electronic Structure Engineering: Large Scale...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
High Performance Electronic Structure Engineering: Large Scale GW Calculations Event Sponsor: Argonne Leadership Computing Facility Seminar Start Date: Aug 7 2015 - 10:00am...
Small-Scale Renewable Energy Incentive Program
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Vermont's Small Scale Renewable Energy Incentive Program (SSREIP), initiated in June 2003, provides funding for new solar water heating, solar electric (photovoltaic), modern wood pellet heating,...
Scaling in stratocumulus fields: an emergent property
Yuan, Tianle
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Marine stratocumulus clouds play a critical role in the Earth's climate system. They display an amazing array of complex behaviors at many different spatiotemporal scales. Precipitation in these clouds is in general very light, but it is vital for clouds' systematic evolution and organization. Here we identify areas of high liquid water path within these clouds as potentially precipitating, or pouches. They are breeding grounds for stratocumuli to change their organization form. We show, using different satellite data sets, that the size distribution of these pouches show a universal scaling. We argue that such scaling is an emergent property of the cloud system, which results from numbers interactions at the microscopic scale.
Commercial-Scale Renewable-Energy Grants
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Rhode Island Commerce Corporation (Commerce RI) seeks to fund commercial scale renewable energy projects to generate electricity for onsite consumption. Commerce RI provides incentives for...
Commonwealth Wind Community-Scale Initiative
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Through the Commonwealth Wind Incentive Program – Community-Scale Wind Initiative the Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC) offers site assessment grants of services, feasibility study gran...
Industrial Scale Demonstration of Smart Manufacturing Achieving...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
a smart manufacturing (SM) Platform for two commercial test beds that can be scaled to manufacturing operations to catalyze low-cost commercialization of the technology...
Extreme Scale Computing, Co-design
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
at Extreme Scale (ACES) partnership to design and develop the supercomputer Cielo (Spanish for "sky"), which was built by Cray Inc. Cielo can perform more than one quadrillion...
Extreme Scale Computing, Co-Design
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
"Analyzing the evolution of large scale structures in the universe with velocity based methods," IEEE Pacific Visualization Symposium, 49-56 (2012). Christopher M. Brislawn,...
Center for Human Reliability Studies
2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this monograph is to provide information on drug retention times in the human body. The information provided is based on plausible illegal drug use activities that might be engaged in by a recreational drug user
Center for Human Reliability Studies
2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this monograph is to provide information on drug retention times in the human body. The information provided is based on plausible illegal drug use activities that might be engaged in by a recreational drug user.
Rubinfeld, Ronitt
Sublinear time algorithms represent a new paradigm in computing, where an algorithm must give some sort of an answer after inspecting only a very small portion of the input. We discuss the types of answers that one can ...
McInnis, Martha Jane
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Physical manifestations of time occur in natural forms of all sizes. Architectural form serves as shelter while providing a built envelope of human life, simultaneously influencing and influenced by energetic activities ...
Chapin, Kimberly R.
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
TIME IN QUANTUM MECHANICS A Thesis by KIMBERLY R. CHAPIN Submitted to Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Marian O. Scully (Chair... of Committee) Edward S. Fry (Member) aan Laane (Member) Thomas W. Adair, III (Head of Department) August 1997 Major Subject: Physics TIME IN QIJANTUM MECHANICS A Thesis by KIMBERLY R. CHAPIN Submitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of Texas A...
Cosmological constant in SUGRA models with Planck scale SUSY breaking and degenerate vacua
C. D. Froggatt; R. Nevzorov; H. B. Nielsen; A. W. Thomas
2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
The empirical mass of the Higgs boson suggests small to vanishing values of the quartic Higgs self--coupling and the corresponding beta function at the Planck scale, leading to degenerate vacua. This leads us to suggest that the measured value of the cosmological constant can originate from supergravity (SUGRA) models with degenerate vacua. This scenario is realised if there are at least three exactly degenerate vacua. In the first vacuum, associated with the physical one, local supersymmetry (SUSY) is broken near the Planck scale while the breakdown of the SU(2)_W\\times U(1)_Y symmetry takes place at the electroweak (EW) scale. In the second vacuum local SUSY breaking is induced by gaugino condensation at a scale which is just slightly lower than \\Lambda_{QCD} in the physical vacuum. Finally, in the third vacuum local SUSY and EW symmetry are broken near the Planck scale.
Fully kinetic simulations of megajoule-scale dense plasma focus
Schmidt, A.; Link, A.; Tang, V.; Halvorson, C.; May, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore California 94550 (United States); Welch, D. [Voss Scientific, LLC, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87108 (United States); Meehan, B. T.; Hagen, E. C. [National Security Technologies, LLC, Las Vegas, Nevada 89030 (United States)
2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Dense plasma focus (DPF) Z-pinch devices are sources of copious high energy electrons and ions, x-rays, and neutrons. Megajoule-scale DPFs can generate 10{sup 12} neutrons per pulse in deuterium gas through a combination of thermonuclear and beam-target fusion. However, the details of the neutron production are not fully understood and past optimization efforts of these devices have been largely empirical. Previously, we reported on the first fully kinetic simulations of a kilojoule-scale DPF and demonstrated that both kinetic ions and kinetic electrons are needed to reproduce experimentally observed features, such as charged-particle beam formation and anomalous resistivity. Here, we present the first fully kinetic simulation of a MegaJoule DPF, with predicted ion and neutron spectra, neutron anisotropy, neutron spot size, and time history of neutron production. The total yield predicted by the simulation is in agreement with measured values, validating the kinetic model in a second energy regime.
Opening angles and shapes of parsec-scale AGN jets
Pushkarev, Alexander B; Kovalev, Yuri Y; Savolainen, Tuomas
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We used 15 GHz VLBA observations of 366 sources having at least 5 epochs within a time interval 1995-2013 from the MOJAVE program and/or its predecessor, the 2 cm VLBA Survey. For each source we produced a corresponding stacked image averaging all available epochs for a better reconstruction of the cross section of the flow. We have analyzed jet profiles transverse to the local jet ridge line and derived both apparent and intrinsic opening angles of the parsec-scale outflows. The sources detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) during the first 24 months of operation show wider apparent jet opening angle and smaller viewing angles on a very high level of significance supporting our early findings. Analyzing transverse shapes of the outflows we found that most sources have conical jet geometry at parsec scales, though there are also sources that exhibit active jet collimation.
Large-Scale Information Systems
D. M. Nicol; H. R. Ammerlahn; M. E. Goldsby; M. M. Johnson; D. E. Rhodes; A. S. Yoshimura
2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Large enterprises are ever more dependent on their Large-Scale Information Systems (LSLS), computer systems that are distinguished architecturally by distributed components--data sources, networks, computing engines, simulations, human-in-the-loop control and remote access stations. These systems provide such capabilities as workflow, data fusion and distributed database access. The Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) contains many examples of LSIS components, a fact that motivates this research. However, most LSIS in use grew up from collections of separate subsystems that were not designed to be components of an integrated system. For this reason, they are often difficult to analyze and control. The problem is made more difficult by the size of a typical system, its diversity of information sources, and the institutional complexities associated with its geographic distribution across the enterprise. Moreover, there is no integrated approach for analyzing or managing such systems. Indeed, integrated development of LSIS is an active area of academic research. This work developed such an approach by simulating the various components of the LSIS and allowing the simulated components to interact with real LSIS subsystems. This research demonstrated two benefits. First, applying it to a particular LSIS provided a thorough understanding of the interfaces between the system's components. Second, it demonstrated how more rapid and detailed answers could be obtained to questions significant to the enterprise by interacting with the relevant LSIS subsystems through simulated components designed with those questions in mind. In a final, added phase of the project, investigations were made on extending this research to wireless communication networks in support of telemetry applications.
Propulsion engineering study for small-scale Mars missions
Whitehead, J.
1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
Rocket propulsion options for small-scale Mars missions are presented and compared, particularly for the terminal landing maneuver and for sample return. Mars landing has a low propulsive {Delta}v requirement on a {approximately}1-minute time scale, but at a high acceleration. High thrust/weight liquid rocket technologies, or advanced pulse-capable solids, developed during the past decade for missile defense, are therefore more appropriate for small Mars landers than are conventional space propulsion technologies. The advanced liquid systems are characterize by compact lightweight thrusters having high chamber pressures and short lifetimes. Blowdown or regulated pressure-fed operation can satisfy the Mars landing requirement, but hardware mass can be reduced by using pumps. Aggressive terminal landing propulsion designs can enable post-landing hop maneuvers for some surface mobility. The Mars sample return mission requires a small high performance launcher having either solid motors or miniature pump-fed engines. Terminal propulsion for 100 kg Mars landers is within the realm of flight-proven thruster designs, but custom tankage is desirable. Landers on a 10 kg scale also are feasible, using technology that has been demonstrated but not previously flown in space. The number of sources and the selection of components are extremely limited on this smallest scale, so some customized hardware is required. A key characteristic of kilogram-scale propulsion is that gas jets are much lighter than liquid thrusters for reaction control. The mass and volume of tanks for inert gas can be eliminated by systems which generate gas as needed from a liquid or a solid, but these have virtually no space flight history. Mars return propulsion is a major engineering challenge; earth launch is the only previously-solved propulsion problem requiring similar or greater performance.
Nonlinear analysis of time series of vibration data from a friction brake: SSA, PCA, and MFDFA
Nikolay K. Vitanov; Norbert P. Hoffmann; Boris Wernitz
2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
We use the methodology of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and multi-fractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA), for investigating characteristics of vibration time series data from a friction brake. SSA and PCA are used to study the long time-scale characteristics of the time series. MFDFA is applied for investigating all time scales up to the smallest recorded one. It turns out that the majority of the long time-scale dynamics, that is presumably dominated by the structural dynamics of the brake system, is dominated by very few active dimensions only and can well be understood in terms of low dimensional chaotic attractors. The multi-fractal analysis shows that the fast dynamical processes originating in the friction interface are in turn truly multi-scale in nature.
Aickelin, Uwe
, and aggregated demand displays for network operators. The expected outcome of the work in the DESIMAX project looking at wide-scale implementation of demand side management (DSM) within electricity networks. To fully that will be able to capture, predict and demonstrate the response of the power system at time scales ranging from
A Pore Scale Evaluation of the Kinetics of Mineral Dissolution and Precipitation Reactions (EMSI)
Steefel, Carl I.
2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The chief goals for CEKA are to (1) collect and synthesize molecular-level kinetic data into a coherent framework that can be used to predict time evolution of environmental processes over a range of temporal and spatial scales; (2) train a cohort of talented and diverse students to work on kinetic problems at multiple scales; (3) develop and promote the use of new experimental techniques in environmental kinetics; (4) develop and promote the use of new modeling tools to conceptualize reaction kinetics in environmental systems; and (5) communicate our understanding of issues related to environmental kinetics and issues of scale to the broader scientific community and to the public.
SUPERCONDUCTING NON-SCALING FFAG GANTRY FOR CARBON-PROTON CANCER THERAPY
TRBOJEVIC,D.; GUPTA, R.; PARKER, B.; KEIL, E.; SESSLER, A.M.
2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z
We report on improvements in the non-scaling Fixed Field Alternating Gradient (FFAG) gantry design. As we previously reported, a major challenge of the carbodproton cancer therapy facilities is isocentric gantry design. The weight of the isocentric gantry transport elements in the latest Heidelberg carbon/proton facility is 135 tons. In this report we detail improvements to the previous non-scaling gantry design. We estimate that this non-scaling FFAG gantry would be almost hundred times lighter than traditional heavy ion gantries. Very strong focusing with small dispersion permits passage of different energies of carbon beams through the gantry's fixed magnetic field.
Blumenfeld, I.; /SLAC; Clayton, C.E.; /UCLA; Decker, F.J.; Hogan, M.J.; /SLAC; Huang, C.; /UCLA; Ischebeck, R.; Iverson, R.H.; /SLAC; Joshi, C.; /UCLA; Katsouleas, T.; /Southern California U.; Kirby, N.; /SLAC; Lu, W.; Marsh, K.A.; Mori, W.B.; /UCLA; Muggli, P.; Oz, E.; /Southern California U.; Siemann, R.H.; Walz, D.R.; /SLAC; Zhou, M.; /UCLA
2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z
The scaling of the two important figures of merit, the transformer ratio T and the longitudinal electric field E{sub z}, with the peak drive-bunch current I{sub p}, in a nonlinear plasma wakefield accelerator is presented for the first time. The longitudinal field scales as I{sub P}{sup 0.623{+-}0.007}, in good agreement with nonlinear wakefield theory ({approx}I{sub P}{sup 0.5}), while the unloaded transformer ratio is shown to be greater than unity and scales weakly with the bunch current. The effect of bunch head erosion on both parameters is also discussed.
Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution
Quake, Stephen R.
Microfluidic Large-Scale Integration: The Evolution of Design Rules for Biological Automation, polydimethylsiloxane Abstract Microfluidic large-scale integration (mLSI) refers to the develop- ment of microfluidic, are discussed. Several microfluidic components used as building blocks to create effective, complex, and highly
Jet Energy Scale March 31, 2009
Jet Energy Scale March 31, 2009 #12;Jet energy vs parton energy Eta-dependent corrections: even scale: conversion from calo measurement to underlying jet Underlying event and out-of-cone corrections region, near-100% efficiency ·Excellent momentum measurement #12;Jet clustering · Jets are formed
Scale evolution of double parton correlations
Tomas Kasemets
2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
We review the effect of scale evolution on a number of different correlations in double parton scattering (DPS). The strength of the correlations generally decreases with the scale but at a rate which greatly varies between different types. Through studies of the evolution, an understanding of which correlations can be of experimental relevance in different processes and kinematical regions is obtained.
6, 43254340, 2006 Scaling in ozone and
Boyer, Edmond
ACPD 6, 43254340, 2006 Scaling in ozone and temperature C. Varotsos and D. Kirk-Davidoff Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions Long-memory processes in global ozone and temperature variations C #12;ACPD 6, 43254340, 2006 Scaling in ozone and temperature C. Varotsos and D. Kirk-Davidoff Title
The Pulse Scale Conjecture and the Case of BATSE Trigger 2193
Robert J. Nemiroff
2000-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
The pulses that compose gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are hypothesized to have the same shape at all energies, differing only by scale factors in time and amplitude. This "Pulse Scale Conjecture" is confirmed here between energy channels of the dominant pulse in GRB 930214c (BATSE trigger 2193), the single most fluent single-pulsed GRB that occurred before May 1998. Furthermore, pulses are hypothesized to start at the same time independent of energy. This "Pulse Start Conjecture" is also confirmed in GRB 930214c. Analysis of GRB 930214c also shows that, in general, higher energy channels show shorter temporal scale factors. Over the energy range 100 KeV - 1 MeV, it is found that the temporal scale factors between a pulse measured at different energies are related to that energy by a power law, possibly indicating a simple relativistic mechanism is at work. To test robustness, the Pulse Start and Pulse Scale Conjectures were also tested on the four next most fluent single-pulse GRBs. Three of the four clearly passed, with a second smaller pulse possibly confounding the discrepant test. Models where the pulse rise and decay are created by different phenomena do not typically predict pulses that satisfy both the Pulse Start Conjecture and the Pulse Scale Conjecture, unless both processes are seen to undergo common time dilation.
Holographic Space-time and Newton's Law
Tom Banks; Willy Fischler
2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z
We derive Newton's Law from the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST). More precisely, we show that for a large class of Hamiltonians of the type proposed previously for the HST description of a geodesic in Minkowski space, the eikonal for scattering of two massless particles at large impact parameter scales as expected with the impact parameter and the energies of the particles in the center of mass (CM) frame. We also discuss the criteria for black hole production in this collision, and find an estimate, purely within the HST framework, for the impact parameter at which it sets in, which coincides with the estimate based on general relativity.
COLLOQUIUM - PLEASE NOTE SPECIAL DATE/TIME: The Magnetospheric MultiScale
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirt DocumentationSitesWeather6 Shares of U.S. Buildings GenericSecurity ComplexCOLLOQUIUM
Distributed Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear and Two-Time-Scale Process Networks
Chen, Xianzhong
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
process of alkylation of benzene with ethylene to produce ethylbenzene is widely used in the petrochemicalprocess of alkylation of benzene with ethylene to produce ethylbenzene is widely used in the petrochemical
Diagenesis in seagrass vegetated sediments: biogeochemical processes on diurnal time scales
Hebert, Andrew Brian
2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Seagrass productivity is largely limited by nutrient and light availability. However, increasing evidence suggests that sedimentary geochemical processes may play an essential role in seagrass productivity/health. Much ...
Distributed Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear and Two-Time-Scale Process Networks
Chen, Xianzhong
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
layer) employs automatic feedback control systems to forcenonlinear systems. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control,dynamical systems. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control,
Influence of Mean State on Climate Variability at Interannual and Decadal Time Scales
Zhu, Xiaojie
2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
MDR (12.5?N-20?N, 45?W-65?W) and (b) the southwestern MDR (7.5?N-15?N, 20?W-40?W) from 1989 to 2009. Thick black lines represent the 21-year climatology, blue dash-dot lines represent the La Nina events and red dash lines represent the El Nino... events. Blue thick dash-dot lines represent the average of the La Nina events and red thick dash lines represent the average of the El Nino events...
Time scales in atmospheric chemistry: Theory, GWPs for CH 4 and CO, and runaway growth
Prather, Michael J
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Program and NSF's Atmospheric Chemistry Program for supporteigenstates in atmospheric chemistry, (2) Exponential decaytracer gases and atmospheric chemistry, in steady-state
Time scales in atmospheric chemistry: Theory, GWPs for CH4 and CO, and runaway growth
Prather, MJ; Prather, MJ
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Program and NSF's Atmospheric Chemistry Program for supporteigenstates in atmospheric chemistry, (2) Exponential decaytracer gases and atmospheric chemistry, in steady-state
Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales
Coughlin, Katie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
by a set of integrated wind farms increases, the behavior ofto the spatial distribution of wind farms and the total MW.line dates for the various wind farms were not provided, so
Optimal temporal planning at reactive time scales via dynamic backtracking branch and bound
Effinger, Robert T
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Autonomous robots are being considered for increasingly capable roles in our society, such as urban search and rescue, automation for assisted living, and lunar habitat construction. To fulfill these roles, teams of ...
A model for universal time scale of vortex ring formation Kamran Mohseni
Mohseni, Kamran
and Applied Science, 104-44, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 Morteza Gharib Graduate Aeronautical Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 Received of the fluid out of the cylinder and the approximation of the vortex at the pinch off moment by a vortex
A new time-scale for ray-finned fish evolution ELECTRONIC SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL
Yang, Ziheng
, 1975; Polypterus Bartsch & Gemballa 1992, Bartsch et al. 1997; Pteronisculus Nielsen 1942, Coates 1998
). Earth system models can be used to simulate the ev- olution of the climate system under different anthro
Competition of noise sources in systems with delay: the role of multiple time scales
Fournier, John J.F.
(additive) noise can amplify vibrations via coherence resonance while random variation of delay can suppress, and experiments, with manufacturing issues and virtual machining via computational modeling discussed in detail in the context of randomness. Variation in material parameters leads to both additive and multiplicative noise
Midlatitude nighttime D region ionosphere variability on hourly to monthly time scales
Cummer, Steven A.
for lightninginduced electron precipitation), or geomagnetic activities. These measurements suggest that nighttime D through measuring the electrical currents to an electrode at a fixed potential [Smith, 1969]. Although. We probed the ionospheric D region by measuring the highpower broadband very low frequency (VLF
A reference time scale for Site U1385 (Shackleton Site) on the SW Iberian Margin
Hodell, D.; Lourens, L.; Crowhurst, S.; Konijnendijk, T.; Tjallingii, R.; Jimenez-Espejo, F.; Skinner, L.; Tzedakis, P. C.
2015-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT 5 fidelity of the sediments on the SW Iberian Margin make this region a prime target for ocean drilling. In 2011, an Ancillary Program Letter (APL 763) was submitted to the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) requesting four...
Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales
Coughlin, Katie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
2008. Analysis of Wind Generation Impact on ERCOT Ancillarythe integration of wind generation. Analysis of Wind Powerwind is far more similar to load than to conventional generation
Pritchard, Michael S; Bush, Andrew B. G; Marshall, Shawn J
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the westerly midlatitude jet stream into two branches thatthis midlatitude “split jet stream” recombine down- streamern branch of the split jet stream also acts to increase
Nagaraj, Mahavir
2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
The generalized theory of thermoelasticity was employed to characterize the coupled thermal and mechanical wave propagation in high performance microelectronic packages. Application of a Gaussian heat source of spectral ...
Distributed Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear and Two-Time-Scale Process Networks
Chen, Xianzhong
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the economic optimization and process control layer. Inoptimization and control for intentionally transient processpredictive control and optimization of processes : Enabling
The Grumps Architecture: Run-time Evolution in a Large Scale Distributed System
Evans, J.H.
Evans,J.H. Dickman,P. Atkinson,M. Proceedings of the Workshop on Engineering Complex Object-Oriented Solutions for Evolution (ECOOSE), held as part of OOPSLA 2001
Second order coherence of broadband down-converted light on ultrashort time scale
Boyer, Edmond
correlation is carried out thanks to a modified Hanbury Brown-Twiss interferometer based on two photon. Q. Twiss, "Correlation between photons in two coherent beams of light," Nature 177(4497), 27
MCODE-3 : time-dependent depletion isotopics with MCNP-5 and SCALE-6.1
Gerrity, Thomas P., III
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In order to operate a reactor safely and efficiently, computer simulations must be used to predict certain nuclear characteristics of the reactor. To determine how materials change in a fission power environment, a ...
Intermediate- to Deep-Water Circulation Changes on Short and Long Time Scales
Murphy, Daniel Patrick
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
Oceanic circulation remains one of the poorly understood elements of the global climate system, despite its importance to planetary heat redistribution and carbon cycling. The nature of deep-water formation and circulation in ancient oceans are even...
Radiative Influences on Glaciation Time-Scales of Mixed-Phase Clouds
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet)setsManagementProtonQ1FY14 1 Summary ofR.FrequencyRadiativeRadiative Influences
Electronic many-body physics on an ultrafast time scale | Stanford
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirt DocumentationSitesWeather6 Shares ofdefaultHydrogenMediator
Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales
Coughlin, Katie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Behavior. National Renewable Energy Lab Report NREL/TP- 550-Operations. National Renewable Energy Lab Report NREL/JA-Applications. National Renewable Energy Lab Report NREL/TP-
Pritchard, Michael S; Bush, Andrew B. G; Marshall, Shawn J
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Wu, P. , and W. R. Peltier, 1982: Viscous gravitationalG. K. C. Clarke, and W. R. Peltier, 2000: Gla- ciologicalTech. Rep. 2, 17 pp. Peltier, W. R. , 1985: The LAGEOS
Intermediate- to Deep-Water Circulation Changes on Short and Long Time Scales
Murphy, Daniel Patrick
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
). In the subtropical eastern North Pacific, interstadials are characterized by increases in sea surface temperature (Kennett and Venz, 1995; Hendy and Kennett, 1999) and primary productivity (Ortiz et al., 2004; Pospelova et al., 2006) as well as diminished... levels at the seafloor via oxidation of organic matter during interstadials (e.g. Ortiz et al., 2004). The second hypothesis calls for a change in intermediate water circulation, in which a younger, relatively oxygen-rich stadial water mass...
Model reduction of systems exhibiting two-time scale behavior or parametric uncertainty
Sun, Chuili
2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
DAE solver for its solution, but system trajectories can instead be computed with regular ordinary differential equation (ODE) solvers. For systems with uncertain parameters, two types of problems are investigated, including parameter reduction...
Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales
Coughlin, Katie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Huei. 2005. Primer on Wind Power for Utility Applications.Wan, Yih-Huei. 2004. Wind Power Plant Behaviors: Analysesof Long-Term Wind Power Data. National Renewable Energy Lab
Distributed Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear and Two-Time-Scale Process Networks
Chen, Xianzhong
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Computers & Chemical Engineering, 28:1193–1218, 2004. [8] L.Computers & Chemical Engineering, 28:1169–1192, 2004. [9] M.nonlinear processes. Chemical Engineering Science, [29] N.
Implementation of BEE: a Real-time Large-scale Hardware Emulation Engine
Southern California, University of
. Categories: I. Computing Methodologies I.6 Simulation and Modeling I.6.7 Simulation Support Systems Subject complexity and integration of digital and analog systems, the computing power required for detailed cycle verification of integrated systems with heterogeneous components very difficult. In communication systems
Distributed Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear and Two-Time-Scale Process Networks
Chen, Xianzhong
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
process . . . . . . . . . . . . Process and control problem147 Process description and control systemof benzene pro- cess Process and control problem description
Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales
Coughlin, Katie
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The spectrum of power from wind turbines. Journal of PowerAWEA 2010. American Wind Energy Association ProjectsErik and Jason Kemper. 2009. Wind Plant Ramping Behavior.
Distributed Model Predictive Control of Nonlinear and Two-Time-Scale Process Networks
Chen, Xianzhong
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
reactors as well as chemical process networks in which the individual processes evolve in a fastreactors (CSTRs) and a ?ash separator with recycle. The proposed fast-reactors (CSTRs) and a ?ash separator with recycle. The proposed fast-
Can primordial helium survive in diamonds on geologic time scales? Rebecca Granot and Roi Baer*
Baer, Roi
in the past to provide bounds and clues on the formation of the solar system, the planets and Earth. Yet-binding models. Various results of these models compare well to known experimental data. We find helium re- sides billion years.1 They can be used to sample varying depths of earth's mantle, ranging from 150 km to 600 km
Bias in the Effective Field Theory of Large Scale Structures
Leonardo Senatore
2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
We study how to describe collapsed objects, such as galaxies, in the context of the Effective Field Theory of Large Scale Structures. The overdensity of galaxies at a given location and time is determined by the initial tidal tensor, velocity gradients and spatial derivatives of the regions of dark matter that, during the evolution of the universe, ended up at that given location. Similarly to what recently done for dark matter, we show how this Lagrangian space description can be recovered by upgrading simpler Eulerian calculations. We describe the Eulerian theory. We show that it is perturbatively local in space, but non-local in time, and we explain the observational consequences of this fact. We give an argument for why to a certain degree of accuracy the theory can be considered as quasi time-local and explain what the operator structure is in this case. We describe renormalization of the bias coefficients so that, after this and after upgrading the Eulerian calculation to a Lagrangian one, the perturbative series for galaxies correlation functions results in a manifestly convergent expansion in powers of $k/k_{\\rm NL}$ and $k/k_{\\rm M}$, where $k$ is the wavenumber of interest, $k_{\\rm NL}$ is the wavenumber associated to the non-linear scale, and $k_{\\rm M}$ is the comoving wavenumber enclosing the mass of a galaxy.
Xue, Ming
Probabilistic Precipitation Forecast Skill as a Function of Ensemble Size and Spatial Scale decreases. These results appear to reflect the broadening of the forecast probability distribution function lead time. They also illustrate that efficient allocation of computing resources for convection
Kriesche, Pascal
In times of increasing importance of wind power in the world’s energy mix, this study focuses on a better understanding of the influences of large-scale climate variability on wind power resource over Europe. The impact ...
Energy-Efficient HOG-based Object Detection at 1080HD 60 fps with Multi-Scale Support
Suleiman, Amr AbdulZahir
In this paper, we present a real-time and energy-efficient multi-scale object detector using Histogram of Oriented Gradient (HOG) features and Support Vector Machine (SVM) classification. Parallel detectors with balanced ...
Gutenberg-Richter Scaling - A New Paradigm
Serino, C A; Klein, W
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a new model for an earthquake fault system that is composed of non-interacting simple lattice models with different levels of damage denoted by $q$. The undamaged lattice models ($q=0$) have Gutenberg-Richter scaling with a cumulative exponent $\\beta=1/2$, whereas the damaged models do not have well defined scaling. However, if we consider the "fault system" consisting of all models, damaged and undamaged, we get excellent scaling with the exponent depending on the relative frequency with which faults with a particular amount of damage occur in the fault system. This paradigm combines the idea that Gutenberg-Richter scaling is associated with an underlying critical point with the notion that the structure of a fault system also affects the statistical distribution of earthquakes. In addition, it provides a framework in which the variation, from one tectonic region to another, of the scaling exponent, or $b$-value, can be understood.
VOLD, ERIK L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; SCANNAPIECO, TONY J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
A sub-grid mix model based on a volume-of-fluids (VOF) representation is described for computational simulations of the transient mixing between reactive fluids, in which the atomically mixed components enter into the reactivity. The multi-fluid model allows each fluid species to have independent values for density, energy, pressure and temperature, as well as independent velocities and volume fractions. Fluid volume fractions are further divided into mix components to represent their 'mixedness' for more accurate prediction of reactivity. Time dependent conversion from unmixed volume fractions (denoted cf) to atomically mixed (af) fluids by diffusive processes is represented in resolved scale simulations with the volume fractions (cf, af mix). In unresolved scale simulations, the transition to atomically mixed materials begins with a conversion from unmixed material to a sub-grid volume fraction (pf). This fraction represents the unresolved small scales in the fluids, heterogeneously mixed by turbulent or multi-phase mixing processes, and this fraction then proceeds in a second step to the atomically mixed fraction by diffusion (cf, pf, af mix). Species velocities are evaluated with a species drift flux, {rho}{sub i}u{sub di} = {rho}{sub i}(u{sub i}-u), used to describe the fluid mixing sources in several closure options. A simple example of mixing fluids during 'interfacial deceleration mixing with a small amount of diffusion illustrates the generation of atomically mixed fluids in two cases, for resolved scale simulations and for unresolved scale simulations. Application to reactive mixing, including Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF), is planned for future work.
Timed Alternating-Time Temporal Logic Thomas A. Henzinger1
Henzinger, Thomas A.
equally powerful options for updating the state of the game, advancing time, or blocking time. Second, we in order to specify real-time objectives for games played on timed structures. We define the semantics Timed games are a formal model for the synthesis of real-time systems [22, 20]. While much research
Scaling between Structural Relaxation and Particle Caging in a Model Colloidal Gel
Cristiano De Michele; Emanuela Del Gado; Dino Leporini
2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
In polymers melts and supercooled liquids, the glassy dynamics is characterized by the rattling of monomers or particles in the cage formed by their neighbors. Recently, a direct correlation in such systems, described by a universal scaling form, has been established between the rattling amplitude and the structural relaxation time. In this paper we analyze the glassy dynamics emerging from the formation of a persistent network in a model colloidal gel at very low density. The structural relaxation time of the gel network is compared with the mean squared displacement at short times, corresponding to the localization length associated to the presence of energetic bonds. Interestingly, we find that the same type of scaling as for the dense glassy systems holds. Our findings well elucidate the strong coupling between the cooperative rearrangements of the gel network and the single particle localization in the structure. Our results further indicate that the scaling captures indeed fundamental physical elements of glassy dynamics.
Lower scaling dimensions of quarks and gluons and new energy scales
F. Palumbo
1996-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the possibility that quarks and gluons, due to confinement, have lower scaling dimensions. In such a case there appear naturally new energy scales below which the standard theory is recovered. Arguments are given whereby for dimension $1/2$ of the quarks the theory is unitary also above these energy scales.
Impact of Friction and Scale-Dependent Initial Stress on Radiated Energy-Moment Scaling
Shaw, Bruce E.
. Shaw LamontDoherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, New York, USA The radiated energy coming271 Impact of Friction and Scale-Dependent Initial Stress on Radiated Energy-Moment Scaling Bruce E of elucidat- ing their radiated energy-moment scaling. We find, contrary to expectations, that apparent stress
A Tree Swaying in a Turbulent Wind: A Scaling Analysis
Theo Odijk
2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
A tentative scaling theory is presented of a tree swaying in a turbulent wind. It is argued that the turbulence of the air within the crown is in the inertial regime. An eddy causes a dynamic bending response of the branches according to a time criterion. The resulting expression for the penetration depth of the wind yields an exponent which appears to be consistent with that pertaining to the morphology of the tree branches. An energy criterion shows that the dynamics of the branches is basically passive. The possibility of hydrodynamic screening by the leaves is discussed.
Burg, Theresa
Time Activity Time Activity Time Activity Tuesday CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE 2-Jun-15 Wednesday CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE 3-Jun-15 Thursday CLOSED
Marleau, Peter; Brubaker, Erik
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report provides a short overview of the DNN R&D funded project, Time-Encoded Imagers. The project began in FY11 and concluded in FY14. The Project Description below provides the overall motivation and objectives for the project as well as a summary of programmatic direction. It is followed by a short description of each task and the resulting deliverables.
Collar, Juan I.
://cfcpwork.uchicago.edu/mailman/listinfo/cafe! A Reality Check on Alternative Energy! #12;A Reality Check on Alternative Energy! Presenter: Liz Moyer! Time, factories in Europe were shutting down for lack of wood. Will it be possible in the future to support a bigger, richer population without fossil fuels (which will definitely run out someday)? Energy is a hot
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
DOE O 535.1 establishes the Department's requirements and responsibilities governing time and attendance reporting. The purpose of this revision is to reflect the transition of payroll processing from the Capital Accounting Center to the Defense Finance and Accounting System. Cancels DOE O 3600.1B. Canceled by DOE O 322.1C.
Bootstrapping Time Dilation Decoherence
Cisco Gooding; William G. Unruh
2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
We present a general relativistic model of a spherical shell of matter with a perfect fluid on its surface coupled to an internal oscillator, which generalizes a model recently introduced by the authors to construct a self-gravitating interferometer [1]. The internal oscillator evolution is defined with respect to the local proper time of the shell, allowing the oscillator to serve as a local clock that ticks differently depending on the shell's position and momentum. A Hamiltonian reduction is performed on the system, and an approximate quantum description is given to the reduced phase space. If we focus only on the external dynamics, we must trace out the clock degree of freedom, and this results in a form of intrinsic decoherence that shares some features with a proposed "universal" decoherence mechanism attributed to gravitational time dilation [2]. We show that the proposed decoherence remains present in the (gravity-free) limit of flat spacetime, indicating that the effect can be attributed entirely to proper time differences, and thus is not necessarily related to gravity. Finally, we point out a way to bootstrap the gravitational contribution to the time dilation decoherence by including self-interaction, and comment on how this can be considered a fundamentally gravitational intrinsic decoherence effect.
Time reversal communication system
Candy, James V. (Danville, CA); Meyer, Alan W. (Danville, CA)
2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
A system of transmitting a signal through a channel medium comprises digitizing the signal, time-reversing the digitized signal, and transmitting the signal through the channel medium. The channel medium may be air, earth, water, tissue, metal, and/or non-metal.
Mining, Modeling, and Analyzing Real-Time Social Trails
Kamath, Krishna Y
2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
Real-time social systems are the fastest growing phenomena on the web, enabling millions of users to generate, share, and consume content on a massive scale. These systems are manifestations of a larger trend toward the global sharing of the real...
Cost aware real time big data processing in Cloud Environments
Buyya, Rajkumar
Cost aware real time big data processing in Cloud Environments By Cristian Montero Under and volatility of Big-data application workloads, it is difficult to decide when and how to scale up and down Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 2.2 Big Data
Time autocorrelation function analysis of master equation and its application to atomic clusters
Berry, R. Stephen
Time autocorrelation function analysis of master equation and its application to atomic clusters the energy fluctuation 2 E, and the time autocorrelation and its Fourier transformation--the fluctuation in the relaxation processes. The time scales associated with these relaxation processes are determined
EEHG Performance and Scaling Laws
Penn, Gregory
2013-10-09T23:59:59.000Z
This note will calculate the idealized performance of echo-enabled harmonic generation performance (EEHG), explore the parameter settings, and look at constraints determined by incoherent synchrotron radiation (ISR) and intrabeam scattering (IBS). Another important effect, time-of-flight variations related to transverse emittance, is included here but without detailed explanation because it has been described previously. The importance of ISR and IBS is that they lead to random energy shifts that lead to temporal shifts after the various beam manipulations required by the EEHG scheme. These effects give competing constraints on the beamline. For chicane magnets which are too compact for a given R56, the magnetic fields will be sufficiently strong that ISR will blur out the complex phase space structure of the echo scheme to the point where the bunching is strongly suppressed. The effect of IBS is more omnipresent, and requires an overall compact beamline. It is particularly challenging for the second pulse in a two-color attosecond beamline, due to the long delay between the first energy modulation and the modulator for the second pulse.
U.S. Virgin Islands Clears the Way for Unprecedented Levels of...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
provide a model for other islands to follow by showcasing the technical and economic viability of renewable energy on islands. Learn more about the development of successful...
Arctic sea ice declined rapidly to unprec-edented low extents in the summer of 2007,
Clements, Craig
ice loss include thinning of the pack ice in recent decades [Nghiem et al., 2007a; Maslanik et al with an unusual pattern of atmo- spheric circulation. The ice pack contains a mixture of first-year iceArctic sea ice declined rapidly to unprec- edented low extents in the summer of 2007, raising
Studies on Oximidine II - Total Synthesis by an Unprecedented Reductive Coupling
Schneider, Christopher Mark
2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
-N-acetylglucosamine enolpyruvyl transferase (MurA) catalyzes the first committed step of cell wall biosynthesis. Using highthroughput screening, 5 scaffolds were identified with MurA inhibitory activity. Analog development of the pyrrole-benzoic acid scaffold failed to generate...
Curceanu, C; Bazzi, M; Berucci, C; Bosnar, D; Bragadireanu, A M; Clozza, A; Cargnelli, M; D'uffizi, A; Fabbietti, L; Fiorini, C; Ghio, F; Guaraldo, C; Iliescu, M; Sandri, P Levi; Marton, J; Pietreanu, D; Lener, M Poli; Quaglia, R; Vidal, A Romero; Sbardella, E; Scordo, A; Shi, H; Sirghi, D; Sirghi, F; Skurzok, M; Tucakovic, I; Doce, O Vazquez; Widmann, E; Zmeskal, J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The AMADEUS experiment aims to provide unique quality data of $K^-$ hadronic interactions in light nuclear targets, in order to solve fundamental open questions in the non-perturbative strangeness QCD sector, like the controversial nature of the $\\Lambda(1405)$ state, the yield of hyperon formation below threshold, the yield and shape of multi-nucleon $K^-$ absorption, processes which are intimately connected to the possible existence of exotic antikaon multi-nucleon clusters. AMADEUS takes advantage of the DA$\\Phi$NE collider, which provides a unique source of monochromatic low-momentum kaons and exploits the KLOE detector as an active target, in order to obtain excellent acceptance and resolution data for $K^-$ nuclear capture on H, ${}^4$He, ${}^{9}$Be and ${}^{12}$C, both at-rest and in-flight. During the second half of 2012 a successful data taking was performed with a dedicated pure carbon target implemented in the central region of KLOE, providing a high statistic sample of pure at-rest $K^-$ nuclear i...
C. Curceanu; K. Piscicchia; M. Bazzi; C. Berucci; D. Bosnar; A. M. Bragadireanu; A. Clozza; M. Cargnelli; A. D'uffizi; L. Fabbietti; C. Fiorini; F. Ghio; C. Guaraldo; M. Iliescu; P. Levi Sandri; J. Marton; D. Pietreanu; M. Poli Lener; R. Quaglia; A. Romero Vidal; E. Sbardella; A. Scordo; H. Shi; D. Sirghi; F. Sirghi; M. Skurzok; I. Tucakovic; O. Vazquez Doce; E. Widmann; J. Zmeskal
2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
The AMADEUS experiment aims to provide unique quality data of $K^-$ hadronic interactions in light nuclear targets, in order to solve fundamental open questions in the non-perturbative strangeness QCD sector, like the controversial nature of the $\\Lambda(1405)$ state, the yield of hyperon formation below threshold, the yield and shape of multi-nucleon $K^-$ absorption, processes which are intimately connected to the possible existence of exotic antikaon multi-nucleon clusters. AMADEUS takes advantage of the DA$\\Phi$NE collider, which provides a unique source of monochromatic low-momentum kaons and exploits the KLOE detector as an active target, in order to obtain excellent acceptance and resolution data for $K^-$ nuclear capture on H, ${}^4$He, ${}^{9}$Be and ${}^{12}$C, both at-rest and in-flight. During the second half of 2012 a successful data taking was performed with a dedicated pure carbon target implemented in the central region of KLOE, providing a high statistic sample of pure at-rest $K^-$ nuclear interactions. For the future dedicated setups involving cryogenic gaseous targets are under preparation.
U.S. Virgin Islands Clears the Way for Unprecedented Levels of Solar Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Energy Transition Initiative: Islands lesson learned detailing work done in the U.S. Virgin Islands.
DOI: 10.1002/chem.200900341 Unprecedented Sulfone-Functionalized MetalOrganic Frameworks and
Trikalitis, Pantelis N.
and in particular with sulfonate (-SO3 À ) groups. In contrast to a number of MOFs with Lewis acid sites originatingbase interactions. Recently, Kita- gawa and co-workers reported a robust porous coordination polymer, with free -SO3 to functionalize the ligand (1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'- dicarboxylic acid (H2L1) (see Scheme 1) with -SO3H groups and use
U.S. Virgin Islands Clears the Way for Unprecedented Levels of Solar Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasma |Efficiency Â» Searchto IncreaseIntake Event at theConductEnergyU.S.HousingrefugeHDVof4: Project
Space Chamber Reaches Cold Target at Unprecedented Efficiency | U.S. DOE
Office of Science (SC) Website
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (MillionStructural Basis of5,:,, ,CarlLaurenThomasMEEMPrevious ASCAC2014SLACRegionalsOfficeOffice
U.S. Virgin Islands Clears the Way for Unprecedented Levels of Solar Energy
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:DepartmentExecutiveBuildingSmallFebruary(2006)Department of Energy PostalU.S. Threatened by|
Earth'sFuture Multidecadal global cooling and unprecedented ozone loss
Robock, Alan
of the impacts of 100 small nuclear weapons should motivate the elimination of more than 17,000 nuclear weapons that odd nitrogen produced by the largest nuclear weapons could loft to the stratosphere, resulting; Mills et al., 2008; Stenke et al., 2013]. Even the smallest of nuclear weapons, such as the 15 kt weapon
Norin, L.; Leyser, T. B.; Nordblad, E.; Thide, B.; McCarrick, M. [Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala (Sweden); BAE Systems Advanced Technologies, Washington, D.C. (United States)
2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
Experimental results of secondary electromagnetic radiation, stimulated by high-frequency radio waves irradiating the ionosphere, are reported. We have observed emission peaks, shifted in frequency up to a few tens of Hertz from radio waves transmitted at several megahertz. These emission peaks are by far the strongest spectral features of secondary radiation that have been reported. The emissions are attributed to stimulated Brillouin scattering, long predicted but hitherto never unambiguously identified in high-frequency ionospheric interaction experiments. The experiments were performed at the High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), Alaska, USA.
Meskhidze, Nicholas
the measurements may be affected by the water outgassing. Occasionally the descent measurements of CFH, whose by water outgassing due to the instrument'
Identification of Quaternary Shape Memory Alloys with Near-Zero Thermal Hysteresis and Unprecedented
Rubloff, Gary W.
Identification of Quaternary Shape Memory Alloys with Near-Zero Thermal Hysteresis the class of materials showing a reversible martensitic phase transformation and a shape memory effect (SME fatigue of shape memory alloys (SMAs) resulting in changes of physical, mechan- ical, and shape memory (SM
New Efficient Sparse SpaceTime Algorithms for Superparameterization on Mesoscales
Xing, Yulong
New Efficient Sparse SpaceTime Algorithms for Superparameterization on Mesoscales YULONG XING-scale and mesoscale processes provided by a cloud-resolving model (CRM) embedded in each column of a large-scale model for limited-area mesoscale ensemble forecasting. 1. Introduction Atmospheric processes of weather and climate
Pressurized melt ejection into scaled reactor cavities
Tarbell, W.W.; Pilch, M.; Brockmann, J.E.; Ross, J.W.; Gilbert, D.W.
1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes four tests performed in the High-Pressure Melt Streaming Program (HIPS) using linear-scaled cavities of the Zion Nuclear Power Plant. These experiments were conducted to study the phenomena involved in high-pressure ejection of core debris into the cavity beneath the reactor pressure vessel. One-tenth and one-twentieth linear scale models of reactor cavities were constructed and instrumented. The first test used an apparatus constructed of alumina firebrick to minimize the potential interaction between the ejected melt and cavity material. The remaining three experiments used scaled representations of the Zion nuclear plant geometry, constructed of prototypic concrete composition.
Method and system for small scale pumping
Insepov, Zeke (Darien, IL); Hassanein, Ahmed (Bolingbrook, IL)
2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
The present invention relates generally to the field of small scale pumping and, more specifically, to a method and system for very small scale pumping media through microtubes. One preferred embodiment of the invention generally comprises: method for small scale pumping, comprising the following steps: providing one or more media; providing one or more microtubes, the one or more tubes having a first end and a second end, wherein said first end of one or more tubes is in contact with the media; and creating surface waves on the tubes, wherein at least a portion of the media is pumped through the tube.
Saritepe, S.; Annala, G.
1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Bunched beam transfer from one accelerator to another requires coordination and synchronization of many ramped devices. During collider operation timing issues are more complicated since one has to switch from proton injection devices to antiproton injection devices. Proton and antiproton transfers are clearly distinct sequences since protons and antiprotons circulate in opposite directions in the Main Ring (MR) and in the Tevatron. The time bumps are different, the kicker firing delays are different, the kickers and lambertson magnets are different, etc. Antiprotons are too precious to be used for tuning purposes, therefore protons are transferred from the Tevatron back into the Main Ring, tracing the path of antiprotons backwards. This tuning operation is called ``reverse injection.`` Previously, the reverse injection was handled in one supercycle. One batch of uncoalesced bunches was injected into the Tevatron and ejected after 40 seconds. Then the orbit closure was performed in the MR. In the new scheme the lambertson magnets have to be moved and separator polarities have to be switched, activities that cannot be completed in one supercycle. Therefore, the reverse injection sequence was changed. This involved the redefinition of TVBS clock event $D8 as MRBS $D8 thus making it possible to inject 6 proton batches (or coalesced bunches) and eject them one at a time on command, performing orbit closure each time in the MR. Injection devices are clock event driven. The TCLK is used as the reference clock. Certain TCLK events are triggered by the MR beam synchronized clock (MRBS) events. Some delays are measured in terms of MRBS ticks and MR revolutions. See Appendix A for a brief description of the beam synchronized clocks.
Time Evolution of the Mutual Fund Size Distribution Yonathan Schwarzkopf1,2
empirically and theoreti- cally. The size of large mutual funds has a heavy tailed distribution that has been into a power law only over long time scales, suggesting that log-normality comes about because the industry
ProtEx: a toolkit for the analysis of distributed real-time systems
Meylan, Yves Damien Meylan
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Large-scale distributed real-time systems are increasingly difficult to analyze within the Rate Monotonic Analysis (RMA) framework. This is due partly to their heterogeneity, complex interaction between components, and the ...
A decomposition approach for commodity pickup and delivery with time-windows under uncertainty
Marla, Lavanya
We consider a special class of large-scale, network-based, resource allocation problems under uncertainty, namely that of multi-commodity flows with time-windows under uncertainty. In this class, we focus on problems ...
Quinn, H; /SLAC
2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
This talk briefly reviews three types of time-asymmetry in physics, which I classify as universal, macroscopic and microscopic. Most of the talk is focused on the latter, namely the violation of T-reversal invariance in particle physics theories. In sum tests of microscopic T-invariance, or observations of its violation, are limited by the fact that, while we can measure many processes, only in very few cases can we construct a matched pair of process and inverse process and observe it with sufficient sensitivity to make a test. In both the cases discussed here we can achieve an observable T violation making use of flavor tagging, and in the second case also using the quantum properties of an antisymmetric coherent state of two B mesons to construct a CP-tag. Both these tagging properties depend only on very general properties of the flavor and/or CP quantum numbers and so provide model independent tests for T-invariance violations. The microscopic laws of physics are very close to T-symmetric. There are small effects that give CP- and T-violating processes in three-generation-probing weak decays. Where a T-violating observable can be constructed we see the relationships between T-violation and CP-violation expected in a CPT conserving theory. These microscopic effects are unrelated to the 'arrow of time' that is defined by increasing entropy, or in the time direction defined by the expansion of our Universe.
Ryu, S.K.; Kim, Y.K.; Kim, M.K.; Won, S.H. [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea); Chung, S.H. [Clean Combustion Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal (Saudi Arabia)
2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
The oscillation behavior of laminar lifted flames under the influence of low-frequency AC has been investigated experimentally in coflow jets. Various oscillation modes were existed depending on jet velocity and the voltage and frequency of AC, especially when the AC frequency was typically smaller than 30 Hz. Three different oscillation modes were observed: (1) large-scale oscillation with the oscillation frequency of about 0.1 Hz, which was independent of the applied AC frequency, (2) small-scale oscillation synchronized to the applied AC frequency, and (3) doubly-periodic oscillation with small-scale oscillation embedded in large-scale oscillation. As the AC frequency decreased from 30 Hz, the oscillation modes were in the order of the large-scale oscillation, doubly-periodic oscillation, and small-scale oscillation. The onset of the oscillation for the AC frequency smaller than 30 Hz was in close agreement with the delay time scale for the ionic wind effect to occur, that is, the collision response time. Frequency-doubling behavior for the small-scale oscillation has also been observed. Possible mechanisms for the large-scale oscillation and the frequency-doubling behavior have been discussed, although the detailed understanding of the underlying mechanisms will be a future study. (author)
Date of Injury Date Time In Time Out
Date of Injury Date Time In Time Out Total time worked medical appt no work within restrictions: 9704914804; phone: 9704916745 # of hours worked TOTAL HOURS *Time off work MUST be documented by a medical note in order to be paid through injury leave *Attach lost time documentation to the report and turn
Real-Time Control with Parametric Timed Reachability Games
Boyer, Edmond
for the controller for the system, modeled as a timed automaton. Such a controller says when and which of someReal-Time Control with Parametric Timed Reachability Games A. Jovanovi S. Faucou D. Lime O. H control problems on real-time systems. A timed reachability game consists in finding a strategy
Diffusion in the Presence of Scale-Free Absorbing Boundaries
Nir Alfasi; Yacov Kantor
2015-04-26T23:59:59.000Z
Scale-free surfaces, such as cones, remain unchanged under a simultaneous expansion of all coordinates by the same factor. Probability density of a particle diffusing near such absorbing surface at large time approaches a simple form that incorporates power-law dependencies on time and distance from a special point, such as apex of the cone, which are characterized by a single exponent $\\eta$. The same exponent is used to describe the number of spatial conformations of long ideal polymer attached to the special point of a repulsive surface of the same geometry and can be used in calculation of entropic forces between such polymers and surfaces. We use the solution of diffusion equation near such surfaces to find the numerical values of $\\eta$, as well as to provide some insight into the behavior of ideal polymers near such surfaces.
Large-Scale Molecular Dynamics Simulations for Highly Parallel Infrastructures
Pazúriková, Jana
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Computational chemistry allows researchers to experiment in sillico: by running a computer simulations of a biological or chemical processes of interest. Molecular dynamics with molecular mechanics model of interactions simulates N-body problem of atoms$-$it computes movements of atoms according to Newtonian physics and empirical descriptions of atomic electrostatic interactions. These simulations require high performance computing resources, as evaluations within each step are computationally demanding and billions of steps are needed to reach interesting timescales. Current methods decompose the spatial domain of the problem and calculate on parallel/distributed infrastructures. Even the methods with the highest strong scaling hit the limit at half a million cores: they are not able to cut the time to result if provided with more processors. At the dawn of exascale computing with massively parallel computational resources, we want to increase the level of parallelism by incorporating parallel-in-time comput...
Low-Q scaling, duality, and the EMC effect
J. Arrington; R. Ent; C. E. Keppel; J. Mammei; I. Niculescu
2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
High energy lepton scattering has been the primary tool for mapping out the quark distributions of nucleons and nuclei. Data on the proton and deuteron have shown that there is a fundamental connection between the low and high energy regimes, referred to as quark-hadron duality. We present the results of similar studies to more carefully examine scaling, duality, and in particular the EMC effect in nuclei. We extract nuclear modifications to the structure function in the resonance region, and for the first time demonstrate that nuclear effects in the resonance region are identical to those measured in deep inelastic scattering. With the improved precision of the data at large $x$, we for the first time observe that the large-x crossover point appears to occur at lower $x$ values in carbon than in iron or gold.
Conduction in alumina with atomic scale copper filaments
Xu, Xu; Liu, Jie; Anantram, M. P. [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)
2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
The conductance of atomic scale filaments with three and seven Cu atoms in ?-alumina are calculated using ab initio density functional theory. We find that the filament with 3 Cu atoms is sufficient to increase the conductance of 1.3?nm thick alumina film by more than 10{sup 3} times in linear response. As the applied voltage increases, the current quickly saturates and differential resistance becomes negative. Compared to the filament with three Cu atoms, while the conductance of the filament with seven Cu atoms is comparable in linear response, they carry as much as twenty times larger current at large biases. The electron transport is analyzed based on local density of states, and the negative differential resistance in the seven Cu filaments occurs due to their narrow bandwidth.
Dissolution of Barite Scale using Chelating Agents
Shende, Aniket Vishwanath
2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
the scale by dissolution. However, the chemical factors affecting this reaction are not known fully, leading to mixed results in terms of treatment effectiveness. This thesis investigates the effect of these factors, by analyzing the change in barite...
Extreme Scaling and Performance across Diverse Architectures...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Extreme Scaling and Performance across Diverse Architectures Start Date: Mar 31 2015 - 11:00am BuildingRoom: Online Webinar Speaker(s): Salman Habib (Argonne National Laboratory;...
On the seismic scaling relations $\\Delta \
Belkacem, K; Mosser, B; Goupil, M J; Ludwig, H -G
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Scaling relations between asteroseismic quantities and stellar parameters are essential tools for studying stellar structure and evolution. We will address two of them, namely, the relation between the large frequency separation ($\\Delta \
Planet-scale Human Mobility Measurement
Pan Hui; Richard Mortier; Tristan Henderson; Jon Crowcroft
2009-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
Research into, and design and construction of mobile systems and algorithms requires access to large-scale mobility data. Unfortunately, the wireless and mobile research community lacks such data. For instance, the largest available human contact traces contain only 100 nodes with very sparse connectivity, limited by experimental logistics. In this paper we pose a challenge to the community: how can we collect mobility data from billions of human participants? We re-assert the importance of large-scale datasets in communication network design, and claim that this could impact fundamental studies in other academic disciplines. In effect, we argue that planet-scale mobility measurements can help to save the world. For example, through understanding large-scale human mobility, we can track and model and contain the spread of epidemics of various kinds.
Scaling Reinforcement Learning Paradigms for Motor Control
Vijayakumar, Sethu; Peters, Jan; Schaal, Stefan
Reinforcement learning offers a general framework to explain reward related learning in artificial and biological motor control. However, current reinforcement learning methods rarely scale to high dimensional movement systems ...
Agricultural Research for Development Scales & Diversity
Agricultural Research for Development Scales & Diversity SLU, Uppsala 28-29 September 2011 28th September 2011 (morning) Agricultural Investments ..... Shenggen Fan, IFPRI Livestock production Global and local importance and development John McDermott, ILRI Smallholder agricultural intensification means
Program Management for Large Scale Engineering Programs
Oehmen, Josef
The goal of this whitepaper is to summarize the LAI research that applies to program management. The context of most of the research discussed in this whitepaper are large-scale engineering programs, particularly in the ...
Small scale vacuum chamber for general use
Clayton, Alexander P
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
For this thesis a small scale vacuum chamber assembly was designed and fabricated. This chamber's purpose is to provide high quality vacuum conditions for a variety of samples. Often these samples are in need of precise ...
Scale-invariant nonlinear optics in gases
Heyl, C M; Miranda, M; Louisy, M; Kovacs, K; Tosa, V; Balogh, E; Varjú, K; L'Huillier, A; Couairon, A; Arnold, C L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Nonlinear optical methods are becoming ubiquitous in many areas of modern photonics. They are, however, often limited to a certain range of input parameters, such as pulse energy and average power, since restrictions arise from, for example, parasitic nonlinear effects, damage problems and geometrical considerations. Here, we show that many nonlinear optics phenomena in gaseous media are scale-invariant if spatial coordinates, gas density and laser pulse energy are scaled appropriately. We develop a general scaling model for (3+1)-dimensional wave equations, demonstrating the invariant scaling of nonlinear pulse propagation in gases. Our model is numerically applied to high-order harmonic generation and filamentation as well as experimentally verified using the example of pulse post-compression via filamentation. Our results provide a simple recipe for up-or downscaling of nonlinear processes in gases with numerous applications in many areas of science.
Algorithms for Large-Scale Internet Measurements
Leonard, Derek Anthony
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
-1 ALGORITHMS FOR LARGE-SCALE INTERNET MEASUREMENTS A Dissertation by DEREK ANTHONY LEONARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December... 2010 Major Subject: Computer Science ALGORITHMS FOR LARGE-SCALE INTERNET MEASUREMENTS A Dissertation by DEREK ANTHONY LEONARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...
Multilevel method for modeling large-scale networks.
Safro, I. M. (Mathematics and Computer Science)
2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
Understanding the behavior of real complex networks is of great theoretical and practical significance. It includes developing accurate artificial models whose topological properties are similar to the real networks, generating the artificial networks at different scales under special conditions, investigating a network dynamics, reconstructing missing data, predicting network response, detecting anomalies and other tasks. Network generation, reconstruction, and prediction of its future topology are central issues of this field. In this project, we address the questions related to the understanding of the network modeling, investigating its structure and properties, and generating artificial networks. Most of the modern network generation methods are based either on various random graph models (reinforced by a set of properties such as power law distribution of node degrees, graph diameter, and number of triangles) or on the principle of replicating an existing model with elements of randomization such as R-MAT generator and Kronecker product modeling. Hierarchical models operate at different levels of network hierarchy but with the same finest elements of the network. However, in many cases the methods that include randomization and replication elements on the finest relationships between network nodes and modeling that addresses the problem of preserving a set of simplified properties do not fit accurately enough the real networks. Among the unsatisfactory features are numerically inadequate results, non-stability of algorithms on real (artificial) data, that have been tested on artificial (real) data, and incorrect behavior at different scales. One reason is that randomization and replication of existing structures can create conflicts between fine and coarse scales of the real network geometry. Moreover, the randomization and satisfying of some attribute at the same time can abolish those topological attributes that have been undefined or hidden from researchers. We propose to develop multilevel methods to model complex networks. The key point of the proposed strategy is that it will help to preserve part of the unknown structural attributes by guaranteeing the similar behavior of the real and artificial model on different scales.