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1

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit James Sweeney Stanford University Director Precourt Energy Efficiency Center (Née: Precourt Institute for Energy Efficiency) Professor, Management Science and Engineering 6 Source: McKinsey & Co. Increased commercial space Gasoline Price Controls Compact Fluorescent Penetration LED: Traffic Lights, Task Lighting Appliance Energy Labeling Gasoline Rationing Much Incandescent Lighting Congestion Pricing Personal Computer Penetration Optimized Building Construction Overly Strict Building Standards Pigouvian Energy Tax Reduced Cost Decreased Energy Use "Smart" Regional Land Development Reformed Fuel Efficiency Standards Some Rail Rapid Transit Systems Efficient AC-DC Converters Halt SUV

2

College Students to Central Florida: Go for 'Low-Hanging Fruit' |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

College Students to Central Florida: Go for 'Low-Hanging Fruit' College Students to Central Florida: Go for 'Low-Hanging Fruit' College Students to Central Florida: Go for 'Low-Hanging Fruit' November 29, 2010 - 11:25am Addthis The Central Florida Energy Efficiency Alliance has started a “Kilowatt Crackdown” challenge to help reduce commercial energy use and an “Energy Specialist” program that trains college students on ENERGY STAR portfolio manager. | Photo courtesy of CFEEA The Central Florida Energy Efficiency Alliance has started a "Kilowatt Crackdown" challenge to help reduce commercial energy use and an "Energy Specialist" program that trains college students on ENERGY STAR portfolio manager. | Photo courtesy of CFEEA Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE

3

Steam turbine upgrading: low-hanging fruit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermodynamic performance of the steam turbine, more than any other plant component, determines overall plant efficiency. Upgrading steam path components and using computerized design tools and manufacturing techniques to minimise internal leaks are two ways to give tired steam turbines a new lease on life. The article presents three case studies that illustrate how to do that. These are at Unit 1 of Dairyland's J.P. Madgett Station in Alma, WI, a coal-fired subcritical steam plant; the four units at AmerenUE's 600 MW coal-fired Labadie plant west of St. Louis; and Unit 3 of KeyPlan Corp's Northport Power Station on Long Island. 8 figs.

Peltier, R.

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

4

Directed enzyme evolution: beyond the low-hanging fruit Moshe Goldsmith and Dan S Tawfik  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the ratio of conversion rates at all substrate concentrations, and therefore comprises the stan- dard the nucleotide and sugar 1-phosphate promiscuity of nucleotidyltransferase RmlA via directed evolution. J Biol: Directed evolution of a thermophilic beta-glucosidase for cellulosic bioethanol production. Appl Biochem

Tawfik, Dan S.

5

The Limits of Financing for Energy Efficiency Merrian Borgeson, Mark Zimring, Charles Goldman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the McKinsey cost of carbon abatement curve, and the refrain that efficiency is the "low hanging fruit

6

Regional Workshop on Opportunities and Priorities for Low Carbon...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Region Inside the Low Carbon Green Growth: Innovations in Green Energy Supply Demand Side Energy Efficiency Solutions: A Low Hanging Fruit Managing the Technology for Low Carbon...

7

Ethylene and Fruits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ethylene and Fruits Ethylene and Fruits Name: Devon Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: im a junior in high school and i have to do a research paper on the chemistry behind fruit ripening. all i seem to find is information on ethylene gas. my teacher whats to know the chemicals involved in fruit ripening and im not having much luck. do you think you could possibly help? Replies: You have found it! Ethylene plant hormone is the main agent! A book on the subject: Biology and Biotechnology of the Plant Hormone Ethylene A. K. Kanellis (Editor) C. Chang (Editor) D. Grierson (Editor) H. Kende (Editor) This hormone is used in the produce industry to schedule the ripening of fruit so they are peaking when they make the shelves. The introduction of this hormone can make ripening occur earlier than normal.

8

Edible Fall Fruits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fall Fruits Fall Fruits Nature Bulletin No 161-A September 19, 1948 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor EDIBLE FALL FRUITS Autumn is the favorite season for many people, and especially those who have the hobby of harvesting wild fruits for home use. In the forest preserves they, and you too, can have the fun of hunting, finding and gathering them. You can have the added satisfaction of making -- for enjoyment by your family and friends -- jellies, jam, preserves, pickles, and beverages that are "different". One of the most abundant, but least used of all wild fruits in the Chicago region are those of the hawthorns, We have perhaps 200 species, hybrids and varieties, most of them along woodland borders and in thickets that have taken over many old fields and clearings. Their fruits, called haws, vary widely in size and color when ripe. Most of them are small and many are dull red; some are yellow and some are spotted. Only a few bear the mealy, bright scarlet fruits, from 3/4 inch to more than an inch in diameter, which are most desirable and known as "red haws". Some folks, mostly boys, eat them raw. Others use them to make a unique jelly.

9

Peroxidase gene expression during tomato fruit ripening  

SciTech Connect

Auxin oxidation has been reported to play a critical role in the initiation of pear fruit ripening and a tomato fruit peroxidase (POD) has been shown to have IAA-oxidase activity. However, little is known about changes in the expression of POD mRNA in tomato fruit development. They are investigating the expression of POD mRNA during tomato fruit maturation. Fruit pericarp tissues from six stages of fruit development and ripening (immature green, mature green, breaker, turning, ripe, and red ripe fruits) were used to extract poly (A)/sup +/ RNAs. These RNAs were translated in vitro in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate system using L-/sup 35/S-methionine. The /sup 35/S-labeled products were immunoprecipitated with POD antibodies to determine the relative proportions of POD mRNA. High levels of POD mRNA were present in immature green and mature green pericarp, but declined greatly by the turning stage of fruit ripening. In addition, the distribution of POD mRNA on free vs bound polyribosomes will be presented, as well as the presence or absence of POD mRNA in other tomato tissues.

Biggs, M.S.; Flurkey, W.H.; Handa, A.K.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Scientific Notes 649 LEPIDOPTERA ASSOCIATED WITH AVOCADO FRUIT IN GUATEMALA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of armored scales on imported avocado fruit entering Califor- nia from Mexico of which 3 were new species

Hoddle, Mark S.

11

Design of a small fruit drier using geothermal energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fruit drier was originally proposed for a project at the Los Azufres geothermal field in Mexico. Since the drier was to be used in a demonstration project to interest local fruit growers and processors, the size was minimal to expedite construction and minimize cost. The design was based on preliminary work reported by Herman Guillen. The design is described here, as it can be adapted to many small or experimental situations. The actual design will handle about 900 kg (2000 lbs) of fruit (wet) per drying cycle. Cutting, storing and packaging of the fruit should be done on site in a separate building. A cold-storage facility may be designed to keep fresh fruit when harvest exceeds the capacity of the drier.

Lund, J.W. [Oregon Institute of Technology, Klamath Falls, OR (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Towards Occupancy-Driven Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$100­$200 per home in hardware, and less than $0.10 per square foot in office buildings. It will also a 28% reduction per household in the energy required for heating and cooling, at the cost of only $25. This energy savings is a low hanging fruit: a large amount of energy can be saved at a very low cost

Whitehouse, Kamin

13

SIAN MURPHY, WILL WILLIAMS, CHRISTINA AALTO, AND JASON BUCK Energy Efficiency in Boulder's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIAN MURPHY, WILL WILLIAMS, CHRISTINA AALTO, AND JASON BUCK Energy Efficiency in Boulder's Rental Residential energy use ~ 25% of U.S. energy consumption (EIA, 2009). Efficiency retrofits = `low-hanging fruit students to know the energy of efficiency of properties they will be renting"- Rob Hall #12;Barriers

Colorado at Boulder, University of

14

Bringing Fruit Flies in from the Cold  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE Environmental Sustainability Award to Three from APS DOE Environmental Sustainability Award to Three from APS 2009 Chemistry Nobel to APS Users The First Experiment at the LCLS Linda Young Named to Head X-ray Science Division $7.9 M in ARRA Funding Brings New Instrumentation to the APS APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Bringing Fruit Flies in from the Cold DECEMBER 21, 2009 Bookmark and Share See the video of synchrotron x-ray visualization of ice formation in insects during lethal and non-lethal freezing at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m07CKU1XGdk Based on the University of Western Ontario press release Using a microscope the size of a football field, researchers from The University of Western Ontario, the University of Nevada-Las Vegas, Argonne

15

Apples and Other Fruits of the Rose Family  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Apples and Other Fruits of the Rose Family Apples and Other Fruits of the Rose Family Nature Bulletin No. 277-A October 7, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation APPLES AND OTHER FRUITS OF THE ROSE FAMILY Bread, meat and potatoes, with vegetables and green salads, may satisfy the inner man and keep us healthy but much of the fun of eating is provided by the rose family. The rose, itself, is the flower of chivalry and love but its relative, the apple, king of the fruits, has been cultivated since prehistoric times. The members of the Rose Family give us more pleasure than we get from any other group of plants. Apples, quinces, pears, peaches, plums, apricots, cherries, blackberries, raspberries and strawberries -- whether wild or cultivated -- are all relatives of the roses. Their fruits, raw or cooked, give us desserts, pleasant drinks, and many a between-meal delicacy. Typically, they have showy flowers with five equal petals arranged around a central cup bearing one or more fruit-forming pistils and a large number of pollen-bearing stamens. Their leaves are placed alternately on the twigs or stalks -- some of them simple leaves; some of them compound leaves divided into three, five or more leaflets like the rose itself. Some are trees, some are shrubs, and some are vining herbs.

16

Pilot fruit drier for Los Azufres geothermal field, Michoacan, Mexico  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE) has a Division in charge of the exploration of a geothermal reservoir located in Los Azufres, State of Michoacan. At present, CFE is only using the steam of the wells and rejecting the hot water that comes off associated with the steam. Based on a trip to the Los Azufres geothermal field in December of 1992, a design for a pilot geothermal fruit drier was undertaken for CFE. The details of the geothermal field and the local fruit production are detailed.

Lund, J.W.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

An antisense pectin methylesterase gene alters pectin chemistry and soluble solids in tomato fruit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pectin methylesterase (PME, EC 3.1.11) demethoxylates pectins and is believed to be involved in degradation of pectic cell wall components by polygalacturonase in ripening tomato fruit. We have introduced antisense and sense chimeric PME genes into tomato to elucidate the role of PME in fruit development and ripening. Fruits from transgenic plants expressing high levels of antisense PME RNA showed plants was associated with an increased molecular weight and methylesterification of pectins and decreased levels of total and chelator soluble polyuronides in cell walls. The fruits of transgenic plants also contained higher levels of soluble solids than wild-type fruits. This trait was maintained in subsequent generations and segregated in normal Mendelian fashion with the antisense PME gene. These results indicate that reduction in PME enzyme activity in ripening tomato fruits had a marked influence on fruit pectin metabolism and increased the soluble solids content of fruits, but did not interfere with the ripening process.

Denise M. Tieman; Robert W. Harriman; G. Ramamohan; Avtar K. H

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Spotted Wing Drosophila Management in Maryland Small Fruit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spotted Wing Drosophila Management in Maryland Small Fruit Gerald Brust IPM Vegetable Specialist Sept. 2011 Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, is an invasive, destructive pest due to human intervention. Identification SWD adults are small (2-3 mm) flies with red eyes and a pale

Mohaghegh, Shahab

19

A novel algorithm for segmenting fruit from unorganized point clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an efficient and robust four-step process to extracting fruit shape from background. At first, point clouds is divided into octree cells by an adaptive subdivision; Second, converting teach octree cell into a splat and approximating ... Keywords: MLS, PCA, covariance analysis, point cloud, segmentation, splat

Hui-jun Yang; Dong-jian He; Zhi-yi Zhang; Xin Wang

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

ORIENTAL FRUIT MOTH' PHEROMONE COMPONENT EMISSION RATES MEASURED AFTER COLLECTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center Michigan State University East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (Received October 16, 1979; revised December 10, 1979) Abstract-We collected and quantified both syntheticand natural Oriental fruit moth an elapsed time (Kuhr et a1 , 1972; Maitlen et a]., 1976); (2) visual inspection of quantity remaining

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Fruit Hill, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fruit Hill, Ohio: Energy Resources Fruit Hill, Ohio: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.0756169°, -84.3643835° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.0756169,"lon":-84.3643835,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

22

Utilization of geothermal heat in tropical fruit-drying process  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The power plant utilizes only the steam portion of the HGP-A well production. There are approximately 50,000 pounds per hour of 360/sup 0/F water produced (approximately 10 million Btu per hour) and the water is currently not used and is considered a waste. This tremendous resource could very well be used in applications such as food processing, food dehydration and other industrial processing that requires low-grade heat. One of the applications is examined, namely the drying of tropical fruits particularly the papaya. The papaya was chosen for the obvious reason that it is the biggest crop of all fruits produced on the Big Island. A conceptual design of a pilot plant facility capable of processing 1000 pounds of raw papaya per day is included. This facility is designed to provide a geothermally heated dryer to dehydrate papayas or other tropical fruits available on an experimental basis to obtain data such as drying time, optimum drying temperature, etc.

Chen, B.H.; Lopez, L.P.; King, R.; Fujii, J.; Tanaka, M.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FiGSS, RRATS, and Burpers: Low Hanging Fruit in The New Radio Sky FiGSS, RRATS, and Burpers: Low Hanging Fruit in The New Radio Sky Geoff Bower UC Berkeley, Astronomy Department Abstract: Radio surveys made with new instruments are producing unprecedented information on the radio sky and uncovering a wide range of new phenomena, including new classes of transient. The parameter space for radio surveys and radio transients, in particular, remains mostly open. I discuss in detail the Allen Telescope Array, which was recently commissioned and is commencing scientific operations, and the Five GHz Sky Survey (FiGSS) that we will conduct with it. FiGSS will be the deepest large, high-frequency radio survey and provide an important counterpart to existing radio surveys as well as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, contributing to studies of star

24

Assessing the impacts of carbohydrate information on the market demand of US meats, vegetables, and fruits.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the impacts of low carbohydrate information on the market demand of US meats, vegetables, and fruits. The study further explores the combined (more)

Paudel, Laxmi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Development of an autonomous early warning system for Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) outbreaks in remote fruit orchards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developing an autonomous early warning system for detecting pest resurgence is an essential task to reduce the probabilities of massive Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)) outbreaks. By preventing pest outbreaks, farmers would be able to ... Keywords: Agricultural management, Early warning system, Oriental fruit fly, Pest monitoring, Wireless sensor networks

Min-Sheng Liao; Cheng-Long Chuang; Tzu-Shiang Lin; Chia-Pang Chen; Xiang-Yao Zheng; Po-Tang Chen; Kuo-Chi Liao; Joe-Air Jiang

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Efficacy and Timing of Fungicides, Bactericides, and Biologicals for Decidous Tree Fruit, Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topguard Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem Sovran Adament DistinguishND ND NR ND ND NR NR NR Flint/Gem 5 Funginex 4 Indar/Enableonly on pome fruit crops. Flint is registered on pome fruit

Adaskaveg, Jim; Gubler, Doug; Michailides, Themis; Holtz, Brent

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abound Sovran Cabrio Flint/Gem Scholar Quintec Botran/Trade name Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem 2 Sovran Common nameon stone fruit and tree nuts; Flint registered on pome fruit

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pome and stone fruit crops including almond; pistachio,NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS ALMOND APPLE/PEAR APRICOTCrops ..

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

The effect of school gardens on children's attitudes and related behaviors regarding fruits and vegetables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nutrition plays an important role in the life of a child because of the impact it has on growth and development. One part of proper nutrition is consumption of five servings of fruits and vegetables every day. American children fall short of reaching this recommended daily minimum, indicating a need for educational intervention. School gardens can serve as a tool to teach nutrition education related to fruits and vegetables. The purpose of this research study was to evaluate the effect gardening can have on nutritional attitudes and behaviors regarding fruits and vegetables. Three hundred and thirty two students, representing second through fifth grades from eight schools in Texas, participated in the study from the spring of 1998 to the spring of 1999. The sample consisted of-an experimental group that completed a pretest, participated in the curriculum and gardening and then completed a posttest, an experimental group that participated in the curriculum and gardening and then completed a posttest only, and a control group who was not currently gardening at school and completed a posttest. Students' nutritional attitudes regarding fruits and vegetables were measured with a fruit and vegetable preference questionnaire that investigated their vegetable, fruit and snack preferences. Their nutritional behaviors regarding fruits and vegetables were evaluated through 24-hour recall journals. Significant differences were found between the pretest and posttest scores of the children. After gardening, children had more positive attitudes toward vegetables and fruit and vegetable snacks. There was a greater improvement in vegetable preference by students who had lower scores initially. The greatest improvement in fruit and vegetable snack preferences was detected for female students and younger students. Attitudes toward fruits did not change significantly after gardening. However, preference scores indicated students possessed positive attitudes towards fruits. Fruit and vegetable consumption or behavior did not significantly improve due to gardening. Few differences were found between the preference scores and fruit and vegetable intake of the experimental versus the control group. The data may have been influenced by variations in teacher administration of-the testing, grade level, economic status, gender, ethnicity and previous gardening experience.

Lineberger, Sarah Elizabeth

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Value of Weather Information: A Descriptive Study of the Fruit-Frost Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports some results of a descriptive study of the value of weather information used by fruit growers in the Yakima Valley of central Washington to decide when to protect their orchards against freezing temperatures. Specifically, the ...

Thomas R. Stewart; Richard W. Katz; Allan H. Murphy

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES,BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (rev. April 1, 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pome and stone fruit crops including almond; pistachio,NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS ALMOND APPLE/PEAR APRICOTCrops ..

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Long-term monitoring of fleshy fruit and hard mast production and seasonal bird distribution at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina.  

SciTech Connect

A final report of Fruit and hard mast production in five habitat types at SRS with a comparison of fruit consumption by fledgling versus adult birds at SRS and Relative importance of fruit, seeds, and insects in the diets of overwintering birds at SRS.

Greenberg, Cathryn, H.; Levey, Douglas J.

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Industry: using dynamic WSNs in smart logistics for fruits and pharmacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe a smart way to apply dynamic wireless sensor networks (WSN) in logistics. Especially in the temperature controlled supply chain (cold chain), perishable goods like fruits and pharmaceuticals greatly benefit from real-time quality ... Keywords: logistics, middleware, routing, sensor network

Dennis J. A. Bijwaard; Wouter A. P. van Kleunen; Paul J. M. Havinga; Leon Kleiboer; Mark J. J. Bijl

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

What is a healthy A diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cup fat free milk + 1 tbsp vegetable oil 1 egg 2 egg whites 1 tbsp butter 3/4 tbsp liquid vegetableWhat is a healthy diet? A diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat or fat-free milk and milk products; Includes lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, nuts; and Is low in saturated

Cantlon, Jessica F.

35

Olive Oil: Chemistry and Technology, 2nd EditionChapter 2 Characteristics of the Olive Tree and Olive Fruit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Olive Oil: Chemistry and Technology, 2nd Edition Chapter 2 Characteristics of the Olive Tree and Olive Fruit Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press ...

36

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and CharacterizationChapter 11 Oil Recovery from Palm Fruits and Palm Kernel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and Characterization Chapter 11 Oil Recovery from Palm Fruits and Palm Kernel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochem

37

An unusual partnership takes fruit: artists exhibit works from PPPL at PPPL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An unusual partnership takes fruit: artists exhibit works from PPPL at PPPL An unusual partnership takes fruit: artists exhibit works from PPPL at PPPL By Jeanne Jackson DeVoe June 5, 2013 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Buse Aktas painting the vacuum vessel of QUASAR (formerly the National Compact Stellarator Experiment), which was stored in the MG site basement. (Photo by Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) Buse Aktas painting the vacuum vessel of QUASAR (formerly the National Compact Stellarator Experiment), which was stored in the MG site basement. Gallery: Josephine Halvorson, an artist whose work the New York Times described as "rugged, deeply gratifying realism," spent several hours outside the class painting a pink-colored I-beam and concrete blocks, seen at right. One of her paintings is included in the exhibit.

38

Effects of ozone exposure on 'Golden' papaya fruit by photoacoustic phase-resolved method: Physiological changes associated with carbon dioxide and ethylene emission rates during ripening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work addresses the effects of ozone activity on the physiology of 'Golden' papaya fruit. Depth profile analysis of double-layer biological samples was accomplished using the phase-resolved photoacoustic spectroscopy. The feasibility of the method was demonstrated by singling out the spectra of the cuticle and the pigment layers of papaya fruit. The same approach was used to monitor changes occurring on the fruit during ripening when exposed to ozone. In addition, one has performed real time studies of fluorescence parameters and the emission rates of carbon dioxide and ethylene. Finally, the amount of pigments and the changes in waxy cuticle have been monitored. Results indicate that a fruit deliberately subjected to ozone at a level of 6 ppmv underwent ripening sooner (at least 24-48 h) than a fruit stored at ambient conditions. Moreover, ozone caused a reduction in the maximum quantum yield of photosynthetic apparatus located within the skin of papaya fruit.

Correa, Savio Figueira; Brito Paiva, Luisa; Mota do Couto, Flavio; Gomes da Silva, Marcelo; Silva Sthel, Marcelo; Vargas, Helion [Laboratorio de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, Avenida Alberto Lamego 2000, Parque California 28013-602, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Mota, Leonardo [Laboratorio de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, Avenida Alberto Lamego 2000, Parque California 28013-602, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Fraunhofer Institut fuer Bauphysik, Nobelstrasse 12, Vaihingen 70569, Stuttgart, Baden Wuerttemberg (Germany); Goncalves de Oliveira, Jurandi [Laboratorio de Melhoramento Genetico Vegetal, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro, Avenida Alberto Lamego 2000, Parque California 28013-602, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Miklos, Andras [Fraunhofer Institut fuer Bauphysik, Nobelstrasse 12, Vaihingen 70569, Stuttgart, Baden Wuerttemberg (Germany)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Bio-composite Nonwoven Media Based on Chitosan and Empty Fruit Bunches for Wastewater Application  

SciTech Connect

Fibrous filter media in the form of non-woven filters have been used extensively in water treatment as pre-filters or to support the medium that does the separation. Lignocellulosic such as empty fruit bunches have potential to be used as a low cost filter media as they represent unused resources, widely available and are environmentally friendly. Laboratory filtration tests were performed to investigate the potential application of empty fruit bunches that enriched with chitosan as a fiber filter media to remove suspended solids, oil and grease, and organics in terms of chemical oxygen demand from palm oil mill effluent. The present paper studies the effect of chitosan concentration on the filter media performance. Bench-scaled experiment results indicated that pre-treatment using the fiber filtration system removed up to 67.3% of total suspended solid, 65.1% of oil and grease and 46.1% of chemical oxygen demand. The results show that the lignocellulosic fiber filter could be a potential technology for primary wastewater treatment.

Sadikin, Aziatul Niza; Nawawi, Mohd Ghazali Mohd; Othman, Norasikin

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

40

Climate influences vegetative and reproductive components of primocane-fruiting red raspberry cultivars  

SciTech Connect

Climatic elements (solar radiation, daylength, water supply, growing degree days (GDD), corn heat units (CHU), soil, and air temperatures) were monitored to determine which elements could account for the variability in yield of primocane-fruiting red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) cultivars. The climatic elements were classed as either having a major or minor influence on the vegetative and reproductive components, based on the frequency of the significance of the multiple regression coefficients. Soil temperature and water supply had a major influence, while daylength, solar radiation, and above ground temperature (i.e., air, GDD, or CHU) had a lesser influence on these components. Soil temperature had the largest influence during April and May, while water supply was equally influential at all times during the season. Air temperature and solar radiation had their largest influence during the period of flower initiation and development (i.e., June and July), while daylength was most influential from June to October. Berry count, weight, and yield had the highest frequency of associations among the climatic elements, indicating the complexity of the association between these yield components and climate. Total number of nodes/cane, length of the fruiting section/cane, and the harvest period showed the fewest number of associations. Not all cultivars responded similarly to changes in their yield components. Autumn Bliss' was less sensitive to climatic variation than either Heritage' or Redwing'. When Redwing' was the anomaly, it was usually related to air or soil temperatures.

Prive, J.P.; Sullivan, J.A.; Proctor, J.T.A. (Univ. of Guelph, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Horticultural Science); Allen, O.B. (Univ. of Guelph, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Mathematics and Statistics)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Production Systems and Processing Effect on Phytochemicals in Citrus Fruits and Their Analytical and Isolation Methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The emerging scientific evidences on the role of food components in prevention of several chronic diseases are the momentum for shifting from a traditional focus on production to enhancement of nutritional quality. To further understand the role of these phytochemicals this dissertation describes the development of rapid analytical and isolation methods, and the effect of production systems and processing techniques on the levels of phytochemicals in citrus fruits. In the first study, a simultaneous high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the rapid analysis of amines and organic acids was developed. The simultaneous extraction and analysis of samples provides an economical method for analyzing a large number of samples. In the second study, rapid separation method of potent health beneficial phytochemicals such as polymethoxyflavones from citrus peels using flash chromatography was developed. Using the developed method, five polymethoxyflavones were separated and isolated with high purity in gram level quantity. In the third study, the levels of phytochemicals in organically and conventionally grown lemons and their storage at market simulated conditions were determined. Results suggest that organically produced citrus fruits have higher content of organic acids and flavonoids than conventionally produced. The fourth and fifth study determined the influence of household processing (blending, juicing, hand squeezing techniques) and emerging processing (high pressure processing [HPP], thermal processing) on the phytochemicals content of Rio Red grapefruits. Fruits processed by blending had significantly higher levels of flavonoids, furocoumarins and limonin compared to juicing and hand squeezing, while HPP enabled in extending the shelf life of the processed juice without any adverse effects. Therefore, consuming grapefruit juice processed by blending may provide higher levels of health beneficial phytochemicals. The sixth study describes a rapid flash chromatography method for isolation of PMFs and furocoumarins from citrus industrial by products such as peel oil. In the seventh study the developed method was applied to isolate 10 different phytochemicals from an unexplored citrus species, Miaray mandarin (Citrus miaray TAN.). Among them, the 5,7,8,3',4' pentamethoxyflavone was isolated for the first time from the genus Citrus.

Uckoo, Ram 1980-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Feasibility of irradiating Washington fruits and vegetables for Asian export markets  

SciTech Connect

US agricultural export marketing opportunities are limited by the existence of trade barriers in many overseas countries. For example, Japan and South Korea do not permit the importation of apples due to their stated concern over codling moth infestation. One of the purposes of this study was to evaluate the potential of exporting irradiated fruits and vegetables from Washington State to overcome existing trade barriers and prevent the establishment of future barriers. The Asian countries specifically evaluated in this study are Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore. Another purpose of this project was to determine the feasibility of locating an irradiation facility in Washington State. Advantages that irradiated agricultural products would bring in terms of price and quality in export markets were also evaluated.

Eakin, D.E.; Hazelton, R.F.; Young, J.K.; Prenguber, B.A.; O'Rourke, A.D.; Heim, M.N.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health IssuesChapter 13 Effect of Feeding and Then Depleteing a High Fruit and Vegetable Diet on Oxidizability in Human Serum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carotenoids & Retinoids; Molecular Aspects and Health Issues Chapter 13 Effect of Feeding and Then Depleteing a High Fruit and Vegetable Diet on Oxidizability in Human Serum Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - B

44

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at a U.S. DOE sponsored energy audit of a Land OLakes dairy2002a). Similarly, in energy audits of seven fresh fruit andvary between 7% and 60%. Energy audits carried out at seven

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry--defined in this Energy Guide as facilities engaged in the canning, freezing, and drying or dehydrating of fruits and vegetables--consumes over $800 million worth of purchased fuels and electricity per year. Energy efficiency improvement isan important way to reduce these costs and to increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy price volatility. There are a variety of opportunities available at individual plants in the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry to reduce energy consumption in a cost-effective manner. This Energy Guide discusses energy efficiency practices and energy-efficient technologies that can be implemented at the component, process, facility, and organizational levels. A discussion of the trends, structure, and energy consumption characteristics of the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry is provided along with a description of the major process technologies used within the industry. Next, a wide variety of energy efficiency measures applicable to fruit and vegetable processing plants are described. Many measure descriptions include expected savings in energy and energy-related costs, based on case study data from real-world applications in fruit and vegetable processing facilities and related industries worldwide. Typical measure payback periods and references to further information in the technical literature are also provided, when available. Given the importance of water in fruit and vegetable processing, a summary of basic, proven measures for improving plant-level water efficiency are also provided. The information in this Energy Guide is intended to help energy and plant managers in the U.S. fruit and vegetable processing industry reduce energy and water consumption in a cost-effective manner while maintaining the quality of products manufactured. Further research on the economics of all measures--as well as on their applicability to different production practices--is needed to assess their cost effectiveness at individual plants.

Masanet, Eric; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Graus, Wina; Galitsky, Christina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technological Applications for Site-specific Management of Fruit and Nut Crops: A Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Site-specific crop management (SSCM) is one facet of precision agriculture which is helping increase production with minimal input. It has enhanced the cost-benefit scenario in crop production. Even though the SSCM is very widely used in row crop agriculture like corn, wheat, rice, soybean, etc. it has very little application in cash crops like fruit and nut. The main goal of this review paper was to conduct a comprehensive review of advanced technologies, including geospatial technologies, used in site-specific management of fruit and nut crops. The review explores various remote sensing data from different platforms like satellite, LIDAR, aerial, and field imaging. The study analyzes the use of satellite sensors, such as Quickbird, Landsat, SPOT, and IRS imagery as well as hyperspectral narrow-band remote sensing data in study of fruit and nut crops in blueberry, citrus, peach, apple, etc. The study also explores other geospatial technologies such as GPS, GIS spatial modeling, advanced image processing techniques, and information technology for suitability study, orchard delineation, and classification accuracy assessment. The study also provides an example of a geospatial model developed in ArcGIS ModelBuilder to automate the blueberry production suitability analysis. The GIS

Sudhanshu Sekhar P; Gerrit Hoogenboom; Joel O. Paz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Dr. Kathleen Hogan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chairman Whitfield, Ranking Member Rush, and Members of the Subcommittee: thank you for Chairman Whitfield, Ranking Member Rush, and Members of the Subcommittee: thank you for inviting me to testify today on behalf of the Department of Energy (DOE) regarding energy efficiency. As Secretary Chu has said, energy efficiency is not just the low hanging fruit. It is the fruit that's lying on the ground. That is because investment in energy efficiency offers increased energy productivity, improved U.S. competitiveness, consumer savings, domestic jobs, greater reliability of our energy systems, and positive impacts on the environment. As Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), I am responsible for overseeing DOE's portfolio of energy efficiency research, development, demonstration, and deployment activities. I am pleased to be here

48

Dr. Kathleen Hogan Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Chairman Whitfield, Ranking Member Rush, and Members of the Subcommittee: thank you for inviting me to testify today on behalf of the Department of Energy (DOE) regarding energy efficiency. As Secretary Chu has said, energy efficiency is not just the low hanging fruit. It is the fruit that's lying on the ground. That is because investment in energy efficiency offers increased energy productivity, improved U.S. competitiveness, consumer savings, domestic jobs, greater reliability of our energy systems, and positive impacts on the environment. As Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), I am responsible for overseeing DOE's portfolio of energy efficiency research, development, demonstration, and deployment activities. I am pleased to be here

49

Enforcing Energy-Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Enforcing Energy-Efficiency Standards Enforcing Energy-Efficiency Standards Enforcing Energy-Efficiency Standards September 13, 2010 - 4:37pm Addthis Scott Blake Harris Former General Counsel What does this mean for me? The Department sets energy efficiency standards for a vast array of consumer and commercial products. The Department had never systematically enforced DOE's 35-year-old energy efficiency standard. Over the past year, we have thus moved quickly and decisively to end that situation. From now on, compliance with all aspects of DOE energy efficiency standards will be expected, and those standards will be enforced. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu has said that when it comes to remediating climate change and promoting energy independence, improved energy efficiency is not just low-hanging fruit-it's fruit lying on the

50

Selenium Accumulation, Distribution, and Speciation in Spineless Prickly Pear Cactus: A Drought- and Salt-Tolerant, Selenium-Enriched Nutraceutical Fruit Crop for Biofortified Foods  

SciTech Connect

The organ-specific accumulation, spatial distribution, and chemical speciation of selenium (Se) were previously unknown for any species of cactus. We investigated Se in Opuntia ficus-indica using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, microfocused x-ray fluorescence elemental and chemical mapping ({micro}XRF), Se K-edge x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). {micro}XRF showed Se concentrated inside small conic, vestigial leaves (cladode tips), the cladode vasculature, and the seed embryos. Se K-edge XANES demonstrated that approximately 96% of total Se in cladode, fruit juice, fruit pulp, and seed is carbon-Se-carbon (C-Se-C). Micro and bulk XANES analysis showed that cladode tips contained both selenate and C-Se-C forms. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry quantification of Se in high-performance liquid chromatography fractions followed by LC-MS structural identification showed selenocystathionine-to-selenomethionine (SeMet) ratios of 75:25, 71:29, and 32:68, respectively in cladode, fruit, and seed. Enzymatic digestions and subsequent analysis confirmed that Se was mainly present in a 'free' nonproteinaceous form inside cladode and fruit, while in the seed, Se was incorporated into proteins associated with lipids. {micro}XRF chemical mapping illuminated the specific location of Se reduction and assimilation from selenate accumulated in the cladode tips into the two LC-MS-identified C-Se-C forms before they were transported into the cladode mesophyll. We conclude that Opuntia is a secondary Se-accumulating plant whose fruit and cladode contain mostly free selenocystathionine and SeMet, while seeds contain mainly SeMet in protein. When eaten, the organic Se forms in Opuntia fruit, cladode, and seed may improve health, increase Se mineral nutrition, and help prevent multiple human cancers.

Banuelos, Gary S.; Fakra, Sirine C.; Walse, Spencer S.; Marcus, Matthew A.; Yang, Soo In; Pickering, Ingrid J.; Pilon-Smits, Elizabeth A.H.; Freeman, John L.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Recovery Act | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 29, 2010 November 29, 2010 The Central Florida Energy Efficiency Alliance has started a "Kilowatt Crackdown" challenge to help reduce commercial energy use and an "Energy Specialist" program that trains college students on ENERGY STAR portfolio manager. | Photo courtesy of CFEEA College Students to Central Florida: Go for 'Low-Hanging Fruit' Spend a summer interning at the Department of Energy in Washington, D.C., and you're bound to start quoting Secretary Steven Chu's well-known mantra to the people back home. November 18, 2010 Fort Collins, Colorado on Track to Net Zero The City of Fort Collins, Colorado, is embarking on an exciting new project that aims to reduce peak demand and help the city reduce its energy footprint to zero. Yes, zero. Find out how.

52

Industrial SSP Partner Teaming Profile SWEPCO Intertape  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industrial SPP / Partner Teaming Profile Industrial SPP / Partner Teaming Profile Industrial Partner Intertape Polymer Group 1101 Eagle Springs Rd. Danville, VA 24540 Business: Specialized Polyolefin Plastic/Paper Products Mike Jones Manager of Engineering Phone: 434-797-8359 Email: mbjones@itape.com Service/Product Provider Southwestern Petroleum Corporation 534 N. Main St Fort Worth, TX 76164 Business: High Performance Lubricants Paul J. Dickerson Senior Vice President & COO Phone: 817-348-7275 Email: pjd@swepcousa.com Southwestern Petroleum Corporation (SWEPCO) captures "low-hanging fruit" with superior lubricants for Intertape Polymer Project Scope SWEPCO analyzed four problematic gear boxes at the Intertape Polymer Group facility in Danville, VA, which over-heated and tripped the circuit due to high amperage overload. SWEPCO implemented

53

Cycle isolation monitoring  

SciTech Connect

There are many factors to monitor in power plants, but one that is frequently overlooked is cycle isolation. Often this is an area where plant personnel can find 'low hanging fruit' with great return on investment, especially high energy valve leakage. This type of leakage leads to increased heat rate, potential valve damage and lost generation. The fundamental question to ask is 'What is 100 Btu/kW-hr of heat rate worth to your plant? On a 600 MW coal-fired power plant, a 1% leakage can lead to an 81 Btu/kW-hr impact on the main steam cycle and a 64 Btu/kW-hr impact on the hot reheat cycle. The article gives advice on methods to assist in detecting leaking valves and to monitor cycle isolation. A software product, TP. Plus-CIM was designed to estimate flow rates of potentially leaking valves.

Svensen, L.M. III; Zeigler, J.R.; Todd, F.D.; Alder, G.C. [Santee Copper, Moncks Corner, SC (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

54

Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in Oakland (A Roundtable Discussion)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in Oakland (A Roundtable Discussion) Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in Oakland (A Roundtable Discussion) Speaker(s): Emily Kirsch Justin Butler Date: July 15, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Galen Barbose James Lutz Cities around the country are developing large-scale programs to retrofit portions of their housing stock, seizing the 'low-hanging fruit' of energy efficiency. As buildings account for roughly 40% of energy consumption in the U.S., such efforts can substantially reduce carbon-based energy use while providing jobs and growing the local green economy. The main barriers to this work are the necessary upfront capital, the risk of losing investment if properties are sold before savings are realized, and the issue of "split incentives" in rented housing units. In order for Oakland

55

TransForum - Volume11, No. 2 - Fall 2011 - Online Version  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1, No. 2 - Fall 2011 1, No. 2 - Fall 2011 RESEARCH REVIEWS 2 Idling Reduction: The Low- Hanging Fruit of Fuel Economy 3 Reducing Truck Idling: A Historic Study 4 Fuel Spray Modeling for Alternative Fuels 6 New Program Bridges Gap Between Laboratory and Battery Industry 8 Transportation Modeling Visualization at TRACC 10 Argonne's Hydrogen Engine Performance Exceeds DOE Targets 12 Five Myths About Diesel Engines 14 Argonne Teams Up with the Illinois Tollway to Study Fuel Use 15 Hillebrand Named to Automotive News' Electrifying 100 List 16 Virginia Tech Takes Top Honors in Year Three of EcoCAR 17 Chu, Durbin Break Ground for Argonne's New Energy Sciences Building 18 IN THE NEWS 21 FASTRAX 23 PARTING SHOTS 24 WORKING WITH ARGONNE Hillebrand Named to Automotive News'

56

Energy Savings Through Steam Trap Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustainability and energy management are broad topics which have become a common focus in industry. Recognizing the need for greater cost reduction and competitive advantage through sustainability, industry is putting forth resources to improve energy management controls. When the topic of energy management relates to steam trap management however, the focus becomes less clear and action less notable. The seemingly low hanging fruit of steam traps are not often tied to significant and sustainable energy management projects. Typically this holds true because of the failure of industry to put a value on the cost of steam and because of the lack of energy tracking from failed steam traps as part of best practice. The use of technology can help industry transform how steam systems are managed and sustainability in steam systems is achieved.

Gibbs, C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Factors Influencing the Stability and Marketability of a Novel, Phytochemical-Rich Oil from the Aai Palm Fruit (Euterpe oleracea Mart.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aai palm fruit has recently become the focus of numerous research endeavors due to its extraordinary antioxidant content. However, little is known about the fruits phytochemical rich oil, which is a by-product of the aai pulp. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the phytochemical content of aai oil and its relation to oxidative stability. A total of 206 mg/kg of chlorophylls, which included chlorophyll a as well as four chlorophyll derivatives were tentatively identified by HPLC in crude aai oil (CAO). Two predominant carotenoids (216 mg/kg ?-carotene and 177 mg/kg lutein) were also characterized in addition to ?-tocopherol (645 mg/kg). Initial investigations into oil stability focused upon the photooxidation of aai oil due to its significant chlorophyll content and findings demonstrated that the increases of nonanal were observed when phospholipids and polyphenolics were reduced. Subsequently, investigations into the interactions between phospholipids and lipophilic antioxidants and their contributions to the stability of aai oil were also assessed by isolating phytochemicals and selectively reconstituting the oil. Findings demonstrated a potential relationship between phospholipids and lipophilic antioxidants, but this was not conclusive. Advances in the processing of the aai pulp by-product created from the clarification process yielded a partially refined aai oil (RAO). The stability of both RAO and CAO as a result of autoxidation were compared to other common food oils (olive, canola, and soybean) and primary and secondary oxidation data suggested CAO was most stable. The difference in the stability of the two aai oils was also investigated by blending these oils and assessing oxidation. An increased stability was demonstrated in the blended RAO, which suggested a significant antioxidant contribution from the CAO. With such similar lipophilic compositions in CAO and RAO, it is theorized that the driving factor behind the stability of CAO can be attributed to its water soluble antioxidant content. While further investigations are required to fully comprehend the interactions of aai oil phytochemicals, these experiments provide insight into the phytochemical content and stability of aai oil. The understanding and information obtained in these studies is geared at increasing the marketability of aai oil as a food ingredient.

Duncan, Christopher Edward

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Commercial production and distribution of fresh fruits and vegetables: A scoping study on the importance of produce pathways to dose. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This letter report summarizes a scoping study that examined the potential importance of fresh fruit and vegetable pathways to dose. A simple production index was constructed with data collected from the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA), the United States Bureau of the Census, and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project staff from Battelle, Pacific Northwest Laboratories, in cooperation with members of the Technical Steering Panel (TSP), selected lettuce and spinach as the produce pathways most likely to impact dose. County agricultural reports published in 1956 provided historical descriptions of the predominant distribution patterns of fresh lettuce and spinach from production regions to local population centers. Pathway rankings and screening dose estimates were calculated for specific populations living in selected locations within the HEDR study area.

Marsh, T.L.; Anderson, D.M.; Farris, W.T.; Ikenberry, T.A.; Napier, B.A.; Wilfert, G.L.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Implementing and Sustaining Operator Led Energy Efficiency Improvements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The continuing high price of energy, difficult trading conditions and corporate commitments to meet emissions targets means that industry faces tough challenges to improve energy efficiency and reduce operating costs. The challenge is how to maximize energy savings with optimal capital investment. During the past few years, many operating companies have made good strides towards improving the energy performance of their assets by implementing energy efficiency programs. In general, these programs and initiatives have focused on relatively easy 'low hanging fruit' energy efficiency improvements - such as reducing furnace O2 levels and implementing steam trap maintenance programs. These initiatives are an important first step. However, to significantly reduce energy consumption, the site must focus on a strategic approach which involves developing, implementing and sustaining a client specific program of energy optimization. We discuss ways of sustaining energy performance through operator led initiatives as part of the structured KBC energy management process, ENgage. We present case studies from the oil refining industry, demonstrating energy savings of up to 20 percent, in which capital expenditure were kept to the bare minimum.

Hoyle, A.; Knight, N.; Rutkowski, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Dear Friends, We are now after our last dinner in India -a dinner that was probably the best in our entire trip, in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

faces, large spaces - another world. We stayed in Ladakh about 2.5 weeks. It's a beautiful place through deep and uniquely carved canyons, roaring rivers, unbelievably huge mountains, low hanging clouds

Beimel, Amos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Industrial Energy: Counseling the Marriage Between Energy Users and Efficiency Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industrial energy users and the efficiency programs that serve them enjoy a long and storied partnership. Each partner operates with the best of intentions, but with agendas that are not always reconcilable. At best, this yields a marriage that is not as fruitful as it can be. At worst, it creates alienation and wastes the value that this union has the potential to generate. Most marriages need periodic renewal, as the partners pause to take stock of their past progress and their future vision. The marriage of industrial facilities and energy programs are no different. If industrial energy efficiency is to reach its full potential, programs must evolve beyond a courtship based on the low hanging fruit of easy, low-cost improvements. What began as an effort to reduce utility bills can become a strategic partnership for boosting industry competitiveness and economic growth. This approach necessarily involves capital investment choices. Aside from the usual technical analyses, industry managers and program administrators will need to effectively navigate the procedures and politics of corporate investment. This suggests an evolution in energy program communications and conduct. This report compares the business as usual marriage between industry and energy efficiency programs. Drawing from a survey of stakeholders, we extrapolate lessons-learned and offer a vision for sustaining that marriage in the future. (Note: please read the footnote below to become familiar with the acronyms used in this report.) What are the opportunities and rewards? Equally important, how can the partners work together more productively? What does this vision imply for future program design and conduct? This report, submitted for the 2013 Industrial Energy Technology Conference, will offer suggestions. A companion social media platform will invite readers to react with comments that will refine our basic vision. It is our intention to have this document evolve into a public discussion-one that we hope lasts far beyond the close of the conference.

Russell, C.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Fresh Fruit or Vegetables Ready-made platters available at Costco, Safeway, and Whole Foods-fruit or cheese & fruit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Grapes Whole Foods Catering Menu or Pre-Made Platters Skewers: Thai Chicken, Portabello, Tofu, or Shrimp Tea Sandwiches, Canapes Shrimp Ring Crostini: Grilled Vegetable, Grilled Chicken, Chevre & Roasted dressings Low fat Ranch Dip: Whole Foods - Follow Your Heart LF Ranch dressing, or combine LF plain yogurt

Doudna, Jennifer A.

63

Regional Fruit Grower Newsletter February 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IFTA Conference Amway Grand Plaza Hotel 3/1 Application for "Certified Organic Farm Registry" Due 3 that utilizes assistance from the Environmental Quality Incentive Program administered by the USDA Natural

64

Survival, Economic Mobility, and Community Among Los Angeles Fruit Vendors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money.of International Mobility to the United States. New York:new moral constructions are created among the enforcement of anti-vending regulations contribute to limited upward mobility,

Rosales, Rocio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

ORIGINAL PAPER Pollinator effectiveness and fruit set in common ivy,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thrushes (T. philomelos Brehm.), mistle thrushes (T. viscivorus L.), fieldfares (T. pilaris L.), redwings

Goulson, David

66

Managing risk in premium fruit and vegetable supply chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production planning in premium fresh produce supply chains is challenging due to the uncertainty of both supply and demand. A two-stage planning algorithm using mixed integer linear programming and Monte Carlo simulation ...

Merrill, Joshua Matthew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Modelling the South African fresh fruit export supply chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

apply the model to Permian and Triassic communities of the Karoo Basin, South Africa, and show Keywords: mass extinction; end-Permian extinction; Karoo Basin; food webs; extinction cascades 1 Palaeozoic and Early Mesozoic of the Beaufort Group, Karoo Basin, South Africa: the Middle Permian

van Vuuren, Jan H.

68

TECHNICAL POLLUTION PREVENTION GUIDE FOR THE FRUIT AND VEGETABLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water. The samples were first centri- fuged (Centrifuge 5415C, Eppendorf AG, Ham- burg, Germany) at 9 water were tested without centrifugation. The samples were analyzed for ammonium-nitrogen (NH4 + -N, Removal of natural steroid hormones from wastewater using membrane contactor processes, Environ. Sci

69

"La United Fruit Co.", de Neruda, como estructura alegrica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

La Standard Oil Co," "La Anaconda Copper Mining Co." y "Laentre la Coca-Cola, la Anaconda, y dems, que corresponden uCola Fniil Co. Inc mundo el Anaconda. Ford Motors, y otras

Armand, Octavio

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

ORIGINAL PAPER Diversity and composition of fruit-feeding butterflies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measure of stand productivity. Measurements of dominant height were made by Jari Celulose S.A. in the last and the staff of Orsa Florestal and Jari Celulose S.A. in Monte Dourado, Brazil, for permission to work

Barlow, Jos

71

Audit Report "Department of Energy Efforts to Manage Information Technology Resources in an Energy-Efficient and Environmentally Responsible Manner"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 emphasizes energy efficiency and conservation as critical to the Nation's economic vitality; its goal of reducing dependence on foreign energy sources; and, related efforts to improve the environment. The Act highlights the significant use of various forms of energy in the Federal sector and promotes efforts to improve the energy efficiency of Federal operations. One specific area of interest is the increasing demand for Federal sector computing resources and the corresponding increase in energy use, with both cost and environmental implications. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that, without aggressive conservation measures, data center energy consumption alone is expected to double over the next five years. In our report on Management of the Department's Data Centers at Contractor Sites (DOE/IG-0803, October 2008) we concluded that the Department of Energy had not always improved the efficiency of its contractor data centers even when such modifications were possible and practical. Despite its recognized energy conservation leadership role, the Department had not always taken advantage of opportunities to reduce energy consumption associated with its information technology resources. Nor, had it ensured that resources were managed in a way that minimized impact on the environment. In particular: (1) The seven Federal and contractor sites included in our review had not fully reduced energy consumption through implementation of power management settings on their desktop and laptop computers; and, as a consequence, spent $1.6 million more on energy costs than necessary in Fiscal Year 2008; (2) None of the sites reviewed had taken advantage of opportunities to reduce energy consumption, enhance cyber security, and reduce costs available through the use of techniques, such as 'thin-client computing' in their unclassified environments; and, (3) Sites had not always taken the necessary steps to reduce energy consumption and resource usage of their data centers, such as identifying and monitoring the amount of energy used at their facilities. We concluded that Headquarters programs offices (which are part of the Department of Energy's Common Operating Environment) as well as field sites had not developed and/or implemented policies and procedures necessary to ensure that information technology equipment and supporting infrastructure was operated in an energy-efficient manner and in a way that minimized impact on the environment. For example, although required by the Department, sites had not enabled computer equipment power management features designed to reduce energy consumption. In addition, officials within Headquarters programs and at the sites reviewed had not effectively monitored performance or taken steps to fully evaluate available reductions in energy usage at their facilities. Without improvements, the Department will not be able to take advantage of opportunities to reduce energy consumption and realize cost savings of nearly $23 million over the next five years at just the seven sites reviewed. We noted that the potential for reduced energy consumption at these sites alone was equivalent to the annual power requirements of over 2,400 homes or, alternatively, removing about 3,000 cars from the road each year. Many of the available energy reduction strategies, such as fully utilizing energy-efficient settings on the many computers used by the Department and its contractors, are 'low hanging fruit' in that they will provide immediate tangible energy savings at little or no cost. Others, such as a shift to thin-client computing, an environment that transfers the processing capabilities from an individual's desk to a shared server environment, will require some level of investment which can, based on available literature, be successfully recovered through reduced acquisition and support costs. In our judgment, given its highly visible leadership in energy issues, aggressive action should be taken to make the Department's information technology operati

None

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

National Incident Management System (NIMS) Standards Review Panel Workshop Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

The importance and need for full compliant implementation of NIMS nationwide was clearly demonstrated during the Hurricane Katrina event, which was clearly expressed in Secretary Chertoff's October 4, 2005 letter addressed to the State's governors. It states, ''Hurricane Katrina was a stark reminder of how critical it is for our nation to approach incident management in a coordinated, consistent, and efficient manner. We must be able to come together, at all levels of government, to prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from any emergency or disaster. Our operations must be seamless and based on common incident management doctrine, because the challenges we face as a nation are far greater than capabilities of any one jurisdiction.'' The NIMS is a system/architecture for organizing response on a ''national'' level. It incorporations ICS as a main component of that structure (i.e., it institutionalizes ICS in NIMS). In a paper published on the NIMS Website, the following statements were made: ''NIMS represents a core set of doctrine, principles, terminology, and organizational processes to enable effective, efficient and collaborative incident management at all levels. To provide the framework for interoperability and compatibility, the NIMS is based on a balance between flexibility and standardization.'' Thus the NIC is challenged with the need to adopt quality SDO generated standards to support NIMS compliance, but in doing so maintain the flexibility necessary so that response operations can be tailored for the specific jurisdictional and geographical needs across the nation. In support of this large and complex challenge facing the NIC, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was asked to provide technical support to the NIC, through their DHS Science and Technology ? Standards Portfolio Contract, to help identify, review, and develop key standards for NIMS compliance. Upon examining the challenge, the following general process appears to be a reasonable approach for identifying and establishing existing standards that would be applicable to NIMS compliance. The suggested generalized steps to establishing existing SDO generated standards for NIMS compliance are: (1) establish search criteria from the NIMS and its support documents, (2) search SDO databases to identify key existing nationally and/or internationally recognized standards that have potential application to NIMS compliance needs, (3) review the identified standards against the specific component needs of the NIMS, (4) identify the pertinent aspects/components of those identified standards that clearly address specific NIMS compliance needs, (5) establish a process to adopt the pertinent standards, which includes the generation of formalized FEMA Guidance that identifies the specific NIMS component compliance needs addressed in the respective standard, (6) develop performance criteria for which to measure compliance with the identified NIMS components addressed by the respective adopted standard, and (7) adopt the standard, publish the guidance and performance criteria, and incorporate it into routine FEMA/NIC NIMS management operations. This review process will also help identify real gaps in standards for which new NIMS specific standards should be developed. To jump start this process and hopefully identify some key ''low hanging fruit'' standards the NIC could use to begin such a process, a panel of first-responder experts (familiar with the current standards of common use in the first-responder community) from various response disciplines was formed and a workshop held. The workshop included a pre-workshop information gathering process. This report discusses the workshop and its findings in detail.

Stenner, Robert D.; Kirk, Jennifer L.; Stanton, James R.; Shebell, Peter; Schwartz, Deborah S.; Judd, Kathleen S.; Gelston, Gariann M.

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

73

agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort Northern Michigan FruitNet 2013  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

:30 a.m.) Apple: Red Delicious ­ 50 mm Gala ­ 46 mm Yellow Delicious ­ 45 mm Pear: Bartlett: 36 mm Tart in the region. We continue to catch spotted wing drosophila (SWD) at multiple sites across northwest Michigan

74

The d-Logic of the Rational Numbers: A Fruitful Construction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a geometric construction that yields completeness results for modal logics including K4, KD4, GL and GL ... Keywords: Modal logic, derivative/derived set operator, topological semantics, trees

Joel Lucero-Bryan

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

EVALAUATION OF THE COMPONENTS AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF VOLATILE OIL FROM ZANTHOXYLUMLIMONELLA FRUIT.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Essential oils constitute a relatively common group of natural products present in aromatic medicinal plants. They are volatile liquids usually with pleasant and sometimes intensive odors (aroma).Essential oils are well known for its activity in lungs related diseases.They maintained the ventilation and drainage of the sinuses, had an antiinflammatory effect on the trachea 5 and reduced asthma.The essential oil isolated from Zanthoxylumlimonellawere proved a large number of compounds. Many compounds were detected and proved by previous workers, some of them yet to be identified and screened.Traditional usage of the plant indicates various uses even some are contradictory.In the present study showed that the oil is moderately active against grampositive and significantly no action against gram-negative. KEY WORDS:,Gram-positive, Zanthoxylumlimonella,Gram-negative Essential oil.

Arunkumark. V; M. Paridhavi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The intersection between cell wall disassembly, ripening, and fruit susceptibility to Botrytis cinerea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.3% Italian 46.5% 52.4% 5.9% Romanian 70.1% 73.2% 3.1% Table 2: Using simple tie-breakers in voting submitted under the label "Swat". The "Swat-HK" and "Swat HK-Bo" en- tries were submitted by Swarthmore

Cosgrove, Daniel J.

77

Lattice Boltzmann for Simulation of Gases Mixture in Fruit Storage Chambers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fluid Dynamics can be modelled through the Navier?Stokes equations. This description corresponds to a macroscopic definition of the fluid motion phenomena. During the past 20 year new simulation procedures are emerging from Statistical Physics and Computer Science domains. One of them is the Lattice Gas Cellular Automata (LGCA) method. This approach

J. C. Fabero; P. Barreiro; L. Casass

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The development of innovative technologies and products for organic fruit production. An integrated project.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Food and Agriculture in Poland for the years 2007- 2013.and Rural Development, Warsaw, Poland. Azcn-Aguilar C. andmore interesting in Poland (Anon. 2007) and in the entire EU

Malusa, Eligio; Sas, Lidia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

July 2009 NW Michigan Regional Fruit Grower Newsletter CALENDER OF EVENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basket Sparta, MI 7/10 Grape IPM Update L. Mawby's Tasting Room 7/13 Canola Research 2009 Plot Days Central Lake, MI 7/14 Canola Research 2009 Plot Days Marion, MI 7/16 Backyard Chicken Production Workshop

80

Research and adoption of biotechnology strategies could improve California fruit and nut crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An soybean, corn and canola. To date, geneti- example of oneneered soy, maize, cotton and canola were due to yield gains

Haroldsen, Victor M; Paulino, Gabriel; Chi-ham, Cecilia; Bennett, Alan B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Phototactic personality in fruit flies and its suppression by serotonin and white  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

one choice tube leads to a lit light-emitting diode (LED) (Fig. 1A, Fig. S1 A and B, and Movie S1). Af

de Bivort, Benjamin

82

NW Michigan Regional Fruit Grower Newsletter -June 2010 CALENDAR OF EVENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, CED, Leelanau Co. Are you being contacted by oil exploration companies to lease your land for natural, MSU Extension is sponsoring a FREE educational program. The event will feature oil and gas experts, lawyers, MSU Extension personnel, and a panel discussion to answer pertinent questions. Oil, Gas

83

Long-term nitrate leaching below the root zone in California tree fruit orchards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BD (g/cm3) loam loamy sand sand sandy loam Texture silt siltsquares (SS) for subgroup "sandy loam" in groups 2, 3, and 4Group 2, Population 1, subgroup sandy loam. Figure 4.5.3f-j.

Harter, Thomas; Horwath, William R; Hopmans, Jan W; Denton, Michelle; Onsoy, Yuksel S

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

ANR @ MSUANR @ MSU AgBioResearchAgBioResearch Expert Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fruit, Red delicious: 44 mm fruit Pear: Bartlett: 32 mm fruit Sweet Cherry: Hedelfingen: 24 mm fruit be a significant threat. Large sphinx moths are now on the wing, so larvae may begin to appear in the next few

85

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pristine Quadris Top Quilt Xcel Switch Class (FRAC number) 1azoxystrobin Quilt Xcel propiconazole/azoxystrobin Mode ofPristine Quash 4 Quadris Top Quilt Xcel Rovral + oil 8 Scala

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pristine Quadris Top* Quilt Xcel Switch Class (FRAC number)Quadris Top* Quash Quilt Xcel Quintec Rally Rovral/Ipro-azoxystrobin Quilt Xcel propiconazole/azoxystrobin Company

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

RETURNING THE FRUITS OF TRAFFIC RESEARCH TO SOCIETY UCR INTELLISHARE An Intelligent Shared Electric Vehicle Testbed at the University of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(CE-CERT). The research centers mission is to be a recognized leader in environmental education, collaborate with industry and government, create new technology, and be a major contributor in improving our understanding of the environment. There are three primary laboratories at CE-CERT dealing with: 1) emissions and fuels research; 2) environmental policy, atmospheric processes, and air quality modeling; and 3) transportation systems and vehicle technology research. This paper provides a brief background on these research laboratories. In addition, focus is placed on a particular transportation systems research program at CE-CERT: the development and operation of an intelligent shared electric vehicle testbed that operates on and around the UCR campus, called UCR IntelliShare. This program has been operational for nearly three years and has provided a wealth of data on various aspects of shared vehicle systems such as operational strategies, carsharing technology, user behavior, and how these type of systems can impact society as a whole. In this paper, the operation of the system is described in detail, along with a description of the latest results.

Matthew J. Barth; Michael Todd

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abound Sovran Cabrio Flint/Gem Scholar Quintec Botran/Elevate/Judge Elite/Orius Flint/Gem Funginex** Indar (Trade name Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem 2 Sovran Common name

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Efficacy and Timing of Fungicides, Bactericides, and Biologicals for Decidous Tree Fruit, Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strawberry, and Vine Crops2008 University of California NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2008 (Updated 2/19/08)crops .

Adaskaveg, Jim; Gubler, Doug; Michailides, Themis; Holtz, Brent

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS ALMOND APPLE/PEAR APRICOTNut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops2011 Table of Contents 1Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops in California Single active

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Regional Workshop on Opportunities and Priorities for Low Carbon Green  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Regional Workshop on Opportunities and Priorities for Low Carbon Green Regional Workshop on Opportunities and Priorities for Low Carbon Green Growth in Asia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Regional Workshop on Opportunities and Priorities for Low Carbon Green Growth in Asia Agency/Company /Organization: Asian Development Bank Institute Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Workshop, Training materials Website: www.adbi.org/cd-roms/2010/08/27/4054.low.carbon.green.growth.asia/ UN Region: Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References: ADB Regional Workshop[1] Contents "Concepts of Low Carbon Green Growth: Challenges and Current Status in the Asia Pacific Region Inside the Low Carbon Green Growth: Innovations in Green Energy Supply Demand Side Energy Efficiency Solutions: A Low Hanging

92

Part II: Potential Usefullness of Antitranspirants for Increasing Water Use Efficiency in Plants: Applied Investigations with Antitranspirants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fruit (Figure 34). Water intake was not curtailed bya 50% retardation in water intake to the fruit, the actualsystems the greatest water intake was by fruit not treated

Davenport, David C; Martin, Paul E; Hagan, Robert M; Fisher, Mary Ann

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

load factor, running time, local energy costs, and availableshowed that energy costs were lower and that the time of thecosts and to increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a feasible process cooling alternative (e.g. , blanching).cooling water before exiting the system. Aseptic canning is an alternativecooling tower to operate more efficiently with less water and chemicals. Consider alternative

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

50 Steam Distribution System Energy EfficiencyBoiler maintenance Steam Distribution Systems Improvedto a facilitys steam distribution network are discussed.

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization: Gas Turbines. Arlington, Virginia.oxides Steam-injected gas turbine Trillion British thermalis higher than that of a gas turbine-based CHP system (74%

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering (2005). Industrial Refrigeration Best Practicesdatabase/ Industrial Refrigeration Consortium (IRC) (2004a).Drive Opportunities in Industrial Refrigeration Systems:

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the 2005 price for industrial electricity averaged 7.62the average industrial price for electricity rose from 4.91in industrial natural gas and electricity prices in the

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES,BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (rev. April 1, 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pristine Quadris Top* Quilt Xcel Switch Class (FRAC number)Quadris Top* Quash Quilt Xcel Quintec Rally Rovral/Ipro-azoxystrobin Quilt Xcel propiconazole/azoxystrobin Company

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (updated 5/1/10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pristine Quadris Top* Quilt Xcel Switch Class (FRAC number)Quadris Top* Quash Quilt Xcel Quintec Rally Rovral/Ipro-azoxystrobin Quilt Xcel propiconazole/azoxystrobin Company

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Assessment of the Stage of Change for Increasing Fruit and Vegetable Availability and Accessibility in Low-income Families with Preschool Age Children.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The study utilized the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change to assess the psychosocial factors of decisional balance, self-efficacy and processes influencing availability and accessibility of (more)

Hildebrand, Deana A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

steam recovery. When a steam trap purges condensate from ato minimize steam losses, a condensate recovery system, anSimilarly, in steam blanchers were condensate is not

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a single-stage 145 ton absorption chiller that runs entirelybeing cooled by the absorption chiller is approximately

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agency and Department of Energy (U.S. EPA/DOE) (2000). AnAgency and Department of Energy (U.S. EPA/DOE) (2001). CaseAgency and Department of Energy (U.S. EPA/DOE) (2003). Best

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

formed during compression of water vapors (Maroulis andcompression limitations and the high costs of evaporation under vacuum, vapor

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEC) (2002a). Natural Gas Supply and Infrastructuredemand for natural gas and constrained national supply, thei.e. , steam, natural gas, and compressed air) supply lines.

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tower bleed-off Cleaning and Sanitation Dry cleaning of equipment and surfaces Pigging High pressure low volume sprays

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10) System improvements Improved load management MaintenanceSystems Motor management plan Strategic motor selection Maintenance

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPA) (2004). ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual. Office ofThe U.S. EPAs ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual (U.S. EPAthe U.S. EPAs ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual (U.S. EPA

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Sourcebook on Daylighting Systems and Components. Paris,Saving Energy with Daylighting Systems. Maxi Brochure 14.an efficient daylighting system may provide evenly dispersed

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Refrigeration: Introducing Energy Saving Opportunities forPotential for Electric Energy Savings in the ManufacturingManufacturing Produces Energy- Saving Opportunities. http://

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2005a). Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving59289-Revision Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving05CH11231. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shenoy, U. (1994). Heat Exchanger Network Synthesis. GulfGas Compact Immersed Heat Exchanger. Case Study CA- Centreenvironment. Continuous heat exchangers are used to

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a significant source of wasted energy. A typical industrialat part-load, which wasted energy. The company opted tothis otherwise wasted thermal energy to electricity for use

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Characterization: Steam Turbines. Arlington, Virginia.scale CHP systems use steam turbines. Switching to naturalsystem efficiency of a steam turbine-based CHP system (80%

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas Compact Immersed Heat Exchanger. Case Study CA-insulation Helical heat exchangers Compact immersion tubeapplications. Compact immersion tube heat exchangers.

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

industry natural gas consumption in 2002 (U.S. DOE 2005a).natural gas consumption, in physical units, of the four U.S.

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Georgia. Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) India (2004).CEC) (2001). 2001 Energy Efficiency Standards forCanada, Office of Energy Efficiency, Ottawa, Ontario.

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lom and Associates (1998). Energy Guide: Energy Efficiencyindustrydefined in this Energy Guide as facilities engageda cost-effective manner. This Energy Guide discusses energy

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by its trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof, or The Regents of the University of California. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof, or The Regents of the University of California.

Ernest Orlando Lawrence; Eric Masanet; Ernst Worrell; Wina Graus; Christina Galitsky; Eric Masanet; Ernst Worrell; Wina Graus; Christina Galitsky

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

running. This practice wastes energy. Wherever possible, thepressure than required wastes energy and can also result inthe filter, which wastes system energy. By inspecting and

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organization, energy management systems can be implementedpromote superior energy management systems, energy managersEnergy Management Programs and Systems

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

development of renewable energy production facilities in theProduction at Candy-Making Facility. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on electricity and fuels, respectively, by industry sub-end use of electricity in the industry is refrigeration,purchasers of electricity in the industry are the frozen

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency actions, develop an energy management plan forE. Worrell (1995). Clean Energy Technologies: A PreliminarySingh, R.P. (1986a). Energy Accounting in Food Canning

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (updated 5/1/10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abound Sovran Cabrio Flint/Gem Scholar Quintec Botran/Elevate/Judge Elite/Orius Flint/Gem Funginex** Indar (Trade name Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem 2 Sovran Common name

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES,BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (rev. April 1, 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abound Sovran Cabrio Flint/Gem Scholar Quintec Botran/Elevate/Judge Elite/Orius Flint/Gem Funginex** Indar (Trade name Abound Cabrio Flint/Gem 2 Sovran Common name

Adaskaveg, J E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Management Practices #8 Cooling Tower Management. FederalDry conveyors Reducing cooling tower bleed-off Cleaning andMembrane filtration Cooling towers Hydrocyclones Counter-

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

winter 2001 spike in natural gas prices across the Unitedthe average industrial natural gas price was even higher in2002 U.S. industrial natural gas price of $5.13 per MBtu was

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat recovery wheels, heat pipes, and run-around loops.The efficiency of heat pipes is in the 45% to 65% range (as burners, heat exchangers, roofs, walls, ducts, and pipes,

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stage of the absorption process, a water-ammonia solution isAbsorption cooling systems take advantage of the fact that ammonia is extremely soluble in cold waterwater, which absorbs the ammonia again, closing the cycle. One food company that has successfully implemented absorption

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the co-generation process. Absorption cooling systems take2005). In contrast to absorption cooling, adsorption coolingand heat. Cooling can be provided using either absorption or

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

EFFICACY AND TIMING OF FUNGICIDES, BACTERICIDES, AND BIOLOGICALS for DECIDUOUS TREE FRUIT, NUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (updated 5/1/10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nut, Strawberry, and Vine Crops in California 2 GeneralNUT, STRAWBERRY, AND VINE CROPS 2010 (updated 5/1/10) ALMONDCrops ..

Adaskaveg, James E; Gubler, W D; Michailides, Themis J.; Holtz, Brent A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Management Assessment Matrix Energy Management ProgramEnergy Management Assessment Matrix..the ENERGY STAR Energy Program Assessment Matrix provided in

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry. An ENERGY STAR Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and wind shielding. Building insulation. Adding insulationguidelines for building insulation, for example, Californiafor improving building insulation. Low emittance windows can

Masanet, Eric

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

TREE AND SHRUB SPECIES LIST FOR PINGREE PARK REGION Abies 1asiocarpa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, simple, leaves tridentate, palmately lobed and veined - Fruit a winged sumara - Twigs red 15. Amelanchier

137

Alternatives to Invasive Landscape Family, Home & Garden Education Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

winter/early spring greatly appreciate the fruits. Cultivars such as `Alfredo' and `Redwing' have been

New Hampshire, University of

138

UC Cooperative Extension sensory analysis panel enhances the quality of California olive oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vossen PM. 2007b. Olive oil: History, production andoils workshop. Mediterranean fruits: Ancient history and

Vossen, Paul; Kicenik Devarenne, Alexandra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

It is well known that the West Texas banking community and the Area of Finance in the Rawls College of Business enjoy a long-standing and fruitful relationship. Undergraduate and graduate finance majors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well known that the West Texas banking community and the Area of Finance in the Rawls College Texas Tech University are numerous among the thousands of community bankers throughout the region, is pleased to announce a new initiative called Banking on Texas Tech! This initiative is designed to provide

Westfall, Peter H.

140

The Maples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is their fruit, consisting of a pair of seeds joined together and each with a long papery wing, which grow in clusters. Botanists call such a fruit a "samara" but they are commonly...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Pineapples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the pre-Incans cultivated this fruit, probably in the warm valleys and lowlands of Peru. The Incans developed a new variety, with a small, almost black fruit, that is still...

142

What is unrefined, extra virgin cold-pressed avocado oil?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The high oil content of the avocado fruit ( Persea americana Mill. ) has been known since Aztec times, with the fruit sometimes referred to as "vegetable butter" or "butter pear." What is unrefined, extra virgin cold-pressed avocado oil? What

143

Summer 2001 1 ountain PromisM e  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, pinto and white, the cakes were tiny, and the garnishes extensive. Sour cream, chow chow, fresh fruits

Baltisberger, Jay H.

144

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the fruit and mix with the yogurt and honey. Spoon the sauce mixture over the individual peaches. Garnish

145

Mrs. Mary Harne  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Secretary, Solid State Chemistry, Inorganic Materials Division, NBS 1962-1966: Secretary, Fruit and Vegetable Division, Agricultural Department. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Carbon Black Other Basic Inorganic Chemicals ... Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 3115 Dairy Products 3116 Animal Slaughtering and ...

147

U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... using a gas fermentation process to produce an estimated eight million gallons of cellulosic ethanol from citrus fruit, vegetable, ... Carbon ...

149

New SRMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... SRM 3287 Blueberry (Fruit) SRM 4226D Nickel-63 Radioactivity Standard ... SRM 3168a Zinc (Zn) Standard Solution Editorial changes ...

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

150

ANR @ MSUANR @ MSU AgBioResearchAgBioResearch Expert Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at NWMHRS (6/5/06, 11:30 am) Apple: Mac: 15mm fruit, Red delicious: 18mm fruit Pear: Bartlett: 13mm fruit, Entomology,MSU Luis Teixeira, Entomology,MSU Although there are three potential picture-winged flies

151

ANR @ MSUANR @ MSU AgBioResearchAgBioResearch Expert Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 10:30 a.m.) Apple: Red Delicious ­ 66 mm fruit Gala ­ 58 mm fruit Yellow Delicious ­ 60 mm fruit Mac. Paula Red harvest is anticipated to start next week, and some Spur Mac orchards will also begin harvest spotted wing drosophila (SWD) in cherry orchards. We are moving adult traps into wine grapes as this crop

152

take a Break Menus Box Lunches and saLads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and preserves, and a fruit garnish $7.35 fiesta scraMBLe Scrambled eggs with onion, green pepper, tomato, green chili, and cheese served with flour tortillas, chef's homestyle potatoes, and a fruit garnish $7.95 a with butter and preserves, and a fruit garnish $8.45 $9.00 Please select One Breakfast Entrée per service

153

Dietary, lifestyle and clinicopathological factors associated with BRAF and K-ras mutations arising in distinct subsets of colorectal cancers in the EPIC Norfolk study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was defined as fish where fat is dis- tributed throughout the flesh, such as herring and mackerel. Shellfish were not included in either fish cate- gory. Fruit consumption was defined as intake of fruits in all forms, including fruit included in composite...

Naguib, Adam; Mitrou, Panagiota N; Gay, Laura J; Cooke, James C; Luben, Robert; Ball, Richard Y; McTaggart, Alison; Arends, Mark J; Rodwell, Sheila A

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

154

93Agronomie 24 (2004) 93100 INRA, EDP Sciences, 2004  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that irrigation management can be a power- ful tool to manipulate plant growth for greater fruit-fulness and less Growth and phenological stages of Búlida apricot trees in south-east Spain A. P?REZ-PASTORa,c , Mª C. When the annual pattern of root, shoot and fruit growth was studied, alternating root and shoot growth

Recanati, Catherine

155

New advances in three-dimensional controlled-source electromagnetic inversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

base funding provided by the ExxonMobil Corporation and thedata, and Dmitriy A. Pavlov of ExxonMobil for many fruitful

Commer, Michael; Newman, Gregory A.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Evaluation of a Methodology for Modeling Term Relationship ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... were combined by logical OR5. In the event of topics with special syntax, ie topic 20152 (pectin+rich+fruit) and topic 20962 (diy+audio), the ...

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

View / Download  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

toes, cucumbers, green chile peppers, and green beans. She also has peach, pear, sour cherry, apple, apricot, and plum trees. However, not all of the fruit.

158

TMS 2010 Seattle Attractions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flowers by the bucketful, flying fish, fresh pastries and fruit, handmade cheeses, local honey, wine, an assortment of restaurants, import goods, antiques,...

159

The Rheology of Cementitious Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in this field and for fruitful discussions and comments, in particular, at Sika Technology, Dr. Norman Blank, Dr. Irene Schober, and Dr. Urs Mder; at ...

2005-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

160

1.1.6. An EDA/Graphics Example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... are the goals and the fruits of an open exploratory data analysis (EDA) approach to ... which in the summarization operation do a good job of focusing ...

2013-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Convergence analysis for a primal-dual monotone + skew splitting ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nov 7, 2012 ... Figure (a) shows the clean 256 256 cameraman test image, (b) .... Figure (a) shows the 240 256 clean fruits image, (b) shows the same...

162

Executive Summary of Fort Worth  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

endeavor, we encourage the following strategies: * Have major player involved in R&D with other companies and share the fruits * Seek more industry partner to overcome the...

163

Provider Communication, Self-Reported Health, and Post-Treatment Regret among Young Breast Cancer Survivors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fat Scale: Hamburgers or cheeseburgers, Beef, Fried Chicken,chicken, fruit juice, green salad) over the past four months. Composite scales for fat

Fernandes-Taylor, Sara

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Dr Bobby Scott  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

first prize in a regional science fair for his rather complicated project that focused on beta-radiation-induced mutations (abnormal phenotypes) in the progeny of fruit flies....

165

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

289-Revision ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Fruit and Vegetable Processing Industry An...

166

Working Copy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

poultry, dairy products, fruits, nuts, cereals, etc.)? 3. Clothing materials (wool, silk, synthetics, dyes, etc.)? 4. Metals or jewelry? 5. Detergents or...

167

The effects of the HEALTHY study intervention on middle school student dietary intakes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0.0016). The reported water intake was approximately 2 fluids reported fruit and water intake. Subsequent interventionsbaked chips; and 5) water intake. The original questionnaire

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Secondary Reaction Zones in Coated 4th Generation Ni-Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

stabilising effects of ruthenium. The evaluation of the formation of SRZ is an essential part of the ..... fruitful discussion. Also, provision of laboratory facilities from.

169

AOCS Official Method Ad 1-48  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sampling AOCS Official Method Ad 1-48 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads DEFINITION SCOPE Applicable to sampling tung fruit or hulled tung f

170

Acer glabrum mountain maple  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Fruit a winged samara · Twigs red #12;Amelanchier alnifolia serviceberry · Leaves simple, alternate opposite, simple · Old stems red · Flowers in terminal clusters · Strong arcuate venation #12;Jamesia;Rhus trilobata skunkbush · Trifoliate leaves, each leaflet three lobed · Fruit red · Low shrub · Strong

171

e are pleased to assist you in planning a great celebration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, spring mix salad garnished with fresh cut vegetables and assorted dressings, potatoes or rice, and fresh Served with a fruit and cheese tray with assorted crackers during reception, spring mix salad garnished garnished with fresh cut vegetables and assorted dressings, fresh fruit salad with berries, potato or rice

172

Harvard UniversityJohn f. kennedy J U S T C A T E R I N GJ U S T C A T E R I N G  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starbucks Coffee, an Assortment of Teas, Chilled Juices and Waters Add Sliced Smoked Salmon and Garnishes on the Outside and Warm and Soft on the Inside Garnished with Grapes, Dried Fruit and Crusty French Bread $65-15 Large Serves 20-25 CHEESE DISPLAY with Crackers and Fruit Garnish . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $50

173

Residence Hall U N I V E R S I T Y O F P I T T S B U R G H  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/fruit-times. Overview Of the Pennsylvania tree fruit PrOductiOn Guide More than a "spray guide," the Pennsylvania Tree, spraying, and the use of individual pesticides. Part IV, Chemical Management Tables, includes efficacy intervals and pesticide storage. PartV, Integrated Pest Management Spray Programs, offers specific

Sibille, Etienne

174

The effect of food hardness on feeding behaviour in frugivorous bats (Phyllostomidae): an experimental study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of food hardness on feeding behaviour in frugivorous bats (Phyllostomidae hardness. Data summarizing ingestive and fruit processing behaviours were collected during feeding experiments that consisted of eating hard and soft fruits of similar size, shape, and mass. Variables analysed

Dumont, Elizabeth R.

175

MMU Sustainable Food Policy Statement Purpose of Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the environmental impact of supply. It has been established that food has high indirect carbon emissions and a high: Increase the use of seasonal fruit and vegetables through planning and promoting of menus that reflect in- house) that reflect the availability of fruit and vegetables that are in season and abundant

176

URICateringServices Catering Menu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.00 Healthy Break Minimum of 25; Orange Juice, Whole Fresh Fruit, Low Fat Muffins, Colombian Coffee of Mediterranean Tuna, Chicken Salad, Seafood Salad, On A Croissant. Potato Chips, Fresh Seasonal Fruit Sandwiches (2 pp) Chicken, Seafood, and Ham Salad Italian Pasta Salad or Potato Salad, Potato Chips, Gourmet

Rhode Island, University of

177

HYG-5554-05 Human Nutrition, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cereal, bread, pasta, rice Fats, Oils, Sweets--vegetable oils (corn, soy, cottonseed, safflower), salad oil, mayonnaise Fruit--apple, mango Vegetables--spinach, tomato juice, avocado, asparagus, sweet: fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and nonfat or low-fat milk and milk products. · Fat · Carbohydrates

178

Diet Through the Decades: Nutrition as We Age What should I eat and When?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of saturated and, especially, trans fat in one's diet. Saturated and trans fats are found in animal products up to 16 points. Fruit and vegetable recommendations are 2 cups of fruit per day and 2.5 cups week. For people who do not eat fish, fish oil supplements are good alternatives. When taking these #12

Chisholm, Rex L.

179

Java Application that Outputs Quantum Circuit for Some NAND Formula Evaluators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces QuanFruit v1.1, a Java application available for free. (Source code included in the distribution.) Recently, Farhi-Goldstone-Gutmann (FGG) wrote a paper arXiv:quant-ph/0702144 that proposes a quantum algorithm for evaluating NAND formulas. QuanFruit outputs a quantum circuit for the FFG algorithm.

Tucci, Robert R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Java Application that Outputs Quantum Circuit for Some NAND Formula Evaluators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper introduces QuanFruit v1.1, a Java application available for free. (Source code included in the distribution.) Recently, Farhi-Goldstone-Gutmann (FGG) wrote a paper arXiv:quant-ph/0702144 that proposes a quantum algorithm for evaluating NAND formulas. QuanFruit outputs a quantum circuit for the FFG algorithm.

Robert R. Tucci

2008-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Human Nutrition Reprinted June 1996 2 pages The PDF file was provided courtesy of the Michigan mixing bowl. Add sugar, mix well, and Let stand for 20 minutes, stirring occasionally. Dissolve pectin fruit in a 4 to 6 quart bowl; add enough pectin syrup to glaze the fruit with a thin film. Gently fold

182

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Human Nutrition Revised July 1989 3 pages The PDF file was provided courtesy of the Michigan lemon juice to the berries. In a bowl. mix 3 cups of prepared fruit with 51,4 cups sugar. Stir well to make 2 cups of syrup. Chill. Put cleaned and prepared fruit in a 4- to 6-quart bowl; add enough pectin

183

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Human Nutrition Reprinted June 1990 2 pages The PDF file was provided courtesy of the Michigan ripe berries one layer at a time. If desired, sieve half of pulp to remove some of the seeds. In a bowl fruit in a 4- to 6-quart bowl; add enough pectin syrup to glaze the fruit with a thin film. Gently fold

184

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Human Nutrition Revised July 1989 2 pages The PDF file was provided courtesy of the Michigan in a large mixing bowl. Add sugar, mix well, and let stand for 20 nlinutes, stirring occasionally. Dissolve and prepared fruit in a 4- to 6-quart bowl; add enough pectin syrup to glaze the fruit with a thin film. Gently

185

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Human Nutrition Reprinted June 1990 3 pages The PDF file was provided courtesy of the Michigan thoroughly. Crush berries one layer at a time. Add 2 tablespoons lemon juice to the berries. In a bowl, mix 3 cleaned and prepared fruit in a 4- to 6-quart bowl; add enough pectin syrup to glaze the fruit with a thin

186

The effects of gas-fluid-rock interactions on CO2 injection and storage: Insights from reactive transport modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fruitful discussions with ExxonMobil colleagues Will Maze,manuscript. Permission by ExxonMobil to release the paper isKarsten Pruess b a b ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company,

Xu, T.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Wanted properties | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(6 uses) (5 uses) (5 uses) IntroText (4 uses) Has color (4 uses) Has name (4 uses) Has shape (4 uses) DOI: (4 uses) Is fruit in (4 uses) GeothermalDescription (2 uses) Has unit (1...

188

Green Growth and the Efficient Use of Natural Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relatively new concept of "green growth" can be fruitfully connected to concepts and theories in neoclassical economics including market externalities, Ricardian and Hotelling rents, and policies that would correct ...

Reilly, John

2012-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

189

Heart wall velocimetry and exogenous contrast-based cardiac flow imaging in Drosophila melanogaster using Doppler optical coherence tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly) is a central organism in biology and is becoming increasingly important in the cardiovascular sciences. Prior work in optical imaging of the D. melanogaster heart has focused on static ...

Choma, Michael A.

190

A Climatological Assessment of the Utility of Wind Machines for Freeze Protection in Mountain Valleys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of wind machines for frost protection is common in several large United States fruit producing areas. However, their potential usefulness in western Colorado's high elevation orchards has been uncertain due to the existence of terrain-...

Nolan J. Doesken; A. Richard Renquist

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Brie and Mushroom Soup A vegetarian soup of assorted mushrooms simmered in a creamy vegetable broth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Almond Chicken Salad Diced chicken breast blended with honey, mayonnaise, onion, and celery and garnished. Garnished with cucumber, tomato, and boiled egg. $6.95 Cheese and Fresh Fruit Plate Smoked Gouda, Brie

Arnold, Jonathan

192

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fetuccini wTomatoes & Cream Chocolate Fondue wFruit Wednesday, August 10 Lunch Thai Beef & Vegetable Salad Banana Bourbon Cake wCream Anglais Chez Leon Menu Call x4512 to...

193

Glossary Item - Tantalus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

king of Phrygia and the father of Niobe and Pelops. Punished for testing the gods at a banquet, he is forever trapped in Tartarus. He stands in a pool of water with fruit trees...

194

Pumpkins  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

plants, grown thousands of years ago by the Inca and pre- Inca races of ancient Peru, who gave to the world nearly one hundred of our most important food plants, fruits,...

195

Oecologia (2003) 135:442450 DOI 10.1007/s00442-003-1212-9  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

colonize both the surfaces of papaya leaves and the fruits (C. citrifolii in Jeppson et al. 1975 in food webs of plant-inhabiting arthropods. Exp Appl Acarol 22:497­521 Jeppson LR, Keifer HH, Baker EW

Rosenheim, Jay A.

196

WESTCARB Phase III Factsheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

by almond orchards, a fruit processing plant, and California Highway 99. It is currently home to Clean Energy Systems' 5 MW oxy-combustion pilot plant-which has been the host for...

197

www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 312 23 JUNE 2006 1743 CREDIT:MANFREDMIELKE/FORESTRYIMAGES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

land to be diverted to fruit and vegetable crops. Compare this value with that for a car running 20, and increased soil carbon storage. Ecologically sound bioenergy production should aim for closed cycles of mass

Kammen, Daniel M.

198

The Earth Institute, Columbia University20 annual donor report 2010 21 more than half of the world's population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Street experiences noticeably high carbon emissions and poor air quality due to an abundance of traffic people selling fruits and vegetables," says Nicole Volavka- Close, associate director of CSUD

199

Mr. Hayrullo Esonov Agricultural Economist  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Humphrey year, he plans to work in the areas of crop growing, fruit and vegetable processing, storage and professional skills in the areas of renewable sources of energy, new carbon markets, environmental policies

Hammock, Bruce D.

200

Fish Bulletin No. 107. Trout and Salmon Culture (Hatchery Methods)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be taken never to jolt or jar a pail of eggs. In filling thecontainer, preferably a quart fruit jar, and then dropping afew eggs into the jar, using both live and dead eggs. If the

Leitritz, Earl

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Fish Bulletin 164. Trout and Salmon Culture (Hatchery Methods)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be taken never to jolt or jar a pail of eggs. In filling thecontainer, preferably a quart fruit jar, and then dropping afew eggs into the jar, using both live and dead eggs. If the

Leitritz, Earl; Lewis, Robert C

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

NERSC Users Group meeting June 3-5, 2002 Agenda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8:00 pastries, fruit, juice, coffee, tea 8:15 Welcome and meeting logistics 8:30 NERSC Update - Implementation of the 5 Year Strategic Proposal - System Updates - NERSC-2,...

203

The Identification of 10- to 20-Year Temperature and Precipitation Fluctuations in the Contiguous United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A potentially fruitful approach to assessing society's sensitivity to climate change is to study the impacts, perceptions and adjustments of recent climate fluctuations. We set out to determine if the recent (193182) United States climate record ...

Thomas R. Karl; William E. Riebsame

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Division of Dining & Culinary Services Guide to Successful Residence Life Events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fruit Juice 1/4 Barrel of Root Beer (80 - 12 Oz Glasses) Fresh Bagels Cream Cheese Cream Cheese Fat Free, Lettuce, Sliced Olives, Diced Tomatoes, Sliced Jalapenos, Shredded Cheese Choose a Filling: Chicken Beef Chicken

Scharer, John E.

205

Mushrooms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

their stumps, and out along their decaying root systems. It is the fruit of the shoe-string fungus that spreads underground along the roots of dead, unhealthy or weathered trees...

206

Complexity in simplicity: flexible agent-based state space exploration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a new flexible framework for state space exploration based on cooperating agents. The idea is to let various agents with different search patterns explore the state space individually and communicate information about fruitful ...

Jacob I. Rasmussen; Gerd Behrmann; Kim G. Larsen

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

when they are full and you could save 1000 gallons a month. Use the garbage disposal sparingly. Compost trimmings and peelings from fruits and vegetables into your yard compost to prevent from using the garbage

208

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at a U.S. DOE sponsored energy audit of a Land OLakes dairy2002a). Similarly, in energy audits of seven fresh fruit andguide for consistency. Energy audits carried out at seven

Brush, Adrian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Assessing the Value of Frost Forecasts to Orchardists: A Dynamic Decision-Making Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The methodology of decision analysis is used to investigate the economic value of frost (i.e., minimum temperature) forecasts to orchardists. First, the fruit-frost situation and previous studies of the value of minimum temperature forecasts in ...

Richard W. Katz; Allan H. Murphy; Robert L. Winkler

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

A New Curriculum for Information Literacy (ANCIL)- Curriculum and supporting documents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fruitfulenvironmentforenablingthistransformativeprocesstotakeplace. 8 References Biggs,J.(1996)Enhancingteachingthroughconstructivealignment,HigherEducation32(3),pp.347?64 CILIP(2004)Informationliteracy...

Coonan, Emma; Secker, Jane

211

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Human Nutrition Revised August 1989 4 pages The PDF file was provided courtesy of the Michigan to make 2 cups of syrup. Chill. Put cleaned and prepared fruit in a 4- to 6-quart bowl; add enough pectin

212

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Human Nutrition Revised September 1989 4 pages The PDF file was provided courtesy. ChilI. Put cleaned and prepared fruit III a 4 to 6 ·quart bowl; add enough pectin syrup to glaze

213

MSU Extension Publication Archive Archive copy of publication, do not use for current recommendations. Up-to-date  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Human Nutrition Reprinted June 1990 4 pages The PDF file was provided courtesy of the Michigan. Chill. Put cleaned and prepared fruit in a 4- to 6-quart bowl; add enough pectin syrup to glaze

214

Microsystems platforms for array-based single-cell biological assays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For much of the past century, plated cell cultures have served investigations regarding a variety of fundamental biological processes. Though this in vitro approach has been fruitful, for surveying topics including cell ...

Taff, Brian M., 1978-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Using Thermal Time to Simulate Dormancy Depth and Bud-Burst of Vineyards in Korea for the Twentieth Century  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A winter-season warming trend has been observed in eastern Asian countries during the last century. Significant effects on dormancy and the subsequent bud-burst of deciduous fruit trees are expected. However, phenological observations are scant ...

Eun-Young Kwon; Jea-Eun Jung; Uran Chung; Jin I. Yun; Hee-Seung Park

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The authors are solely responsible for the content of this technical presentation. The technical presentation does not necessarily reflect the official position of ASAE or CSAE, and its printing and distribution does not constitute an endorsement of views  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

processing plants, feed mills (general, bovine, fish, mink, swine, poultry, etc.), flour mills, grain, fruit juice, etc.), malting plants, breweries, sawmills, paper mills, ethanol and other biomass plants, textile mills, seed processing facilities, bakeries, confectionaries, cheese factories, and thousands

Bohnhoff, David

217

Audit of Solid Waste Management Practices and Generation at the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Continuous Trapping-Magnetic Activated Cell Sorter (CT-MACS) with the merits of handling a small amount, on the surface of low acid fruits and vegetables, and as spores in soil. These toxins are known

Choate, Paul M.

218

Michael Scott Robeson II Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Continuous Trapping-Magnetic Activated Cell Sorter (CT-MACS) with the merits of handling a small amount, on the surface of low acid fruits and vegetables, and as spores in soil. These toxins are known

Colorado at Boulder, University of

219

NEWTON: Why Meat Eaters?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eaters? Name: Alexandre Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: Outside U.S. Country: Canada Date: Spring 2013 Question: How come we are omnivores and vegetables and fruits are so...

220

SRS - Environmental Report for 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in powerline rights-of-way, abandoned agricultural fields, and other mostly treeless, sandy areas around SRS. The colorful fruit is eaten by a variety of wildlife, and is edible...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Drosophila  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Drosophila Drosophila Nature Bulletin No. 576 October 17, 1959 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist DROSOPHILA: THE FRUIT FLY Have you noticed any tiny flies in your kitchen or around the fruit bowl? They are so small that they come through ordinary screens into homes, stores and restaurants. From midsummer until the killing frosts of autumn, swarms of them cluster wherever ripe or fermenting fruit is exposed -- outdoor markets, tomato canneries, garbage cans, melon patches, vineyards, and apple, pear or peach orchards. At this season, hordes of them are found around cider mills where they breed in the cakes of pressed apple pulp or pomace. A few adults and young survive the winter in basement drains and other protected places with food and warmth.

222

Home Energy Saver  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lowest-Hanging Fruit Lowest-Hanging Fruit Get the Weekly Energy Saving Tip widget and many other great free widgets at Widgetbox! Not seeing a widget? (More info) The analysis you've done in the Home Energy Saver is a great beginning, but not the end of your quest. You now know where you stand and how much you can improve. Time to get started. In the following links you will find dozens of no-cost tips for things you can do to start saving energy immediately, many of which can be done without even opening your wallet! Air Leaks Home office electronics Lighting Heating & cooling Water heating Windows Making it Happen Roadmap to Results Seasons of Life The Lowest-Hanging Fruit Investing for Profit and Comfort Creating Successful Projects Financial Incentives Watt About Water? Choosing a Good Contractor

223

PERIODICITY OF ESTROUS CYCLE IN ALBINO RATS; RESPONSE TO SOME CRUDE DRUG COMBINATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: The extracts of bark, leaves and stem of A. indica, fruits of P. longum, berries of E. officinalis and seeds of G. indicum were prepared using different solvents. Three different combinations of these extracts were tried on the female albino rats for their effect on the estrous cycle. The combination consisting of alcoholic extracts of leaves and stem of A. indica, fruits of P. longum, berries of E. officinalis and seeds of G. indicum has exhibited considerable effect on estrous cycle by prolongation of diestrous phase.

C. K. Kokate; M. Krishna; Reddy; N. Chari

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Implementation of genomics and bioinformatics approaches for identification and characterization of tomato ripening-related genes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Initial activities were focused on isolation and characterization of fruit ripening-related genes from tomato. Screening of four tomato cDNA libraries at low stringency with 10 fruit development and ripening-related genes yielded ~3000 positives clones. Microarray expression analysis of half of these positives in mature green and breaker stage fruits resulted in eight ripening-induced genes. RNA gel-blot analysis and previously published data confirmed expression for seven of the eight. One novel gene, designated LeEREBP1, was chosen for further characterization. LeEREBP1 encodes an AP2/ERF-domain transcription factor and is ethylene inducible. The expression profiles of LeEREBP1 parallel previously characterized ripening-related genes from tomato. Transgenic plants with increased and decreased expression of LeEREBP1 were generated and are currently being characterized to define the function of LeEREBP1. A large public tomato EST dataset was mined to gain insight into the tomato transcriptome. By clustering genes according to the respective expression profiles of individual tissues, tissue and developmental expression patterns were generated and genes with similar functions grouped together. Tissues effectively clustered for relatedness according to their profiles confirming the integrity of the approach used to calculate gene expression. Statistical analysis of EST prevalence in fruit and pathogenesis-related libraries resulted in 333 genes being classified as fruit ripening-induced, 185 as fruit ripening-repressed, and 169 as pathogenesis-related. We performed a parallel analysis on public EST data for grape and compared the results for ripening-induced genes to tomato to identify similar and distinct ripening factors in addition to candidates for conserved regulators of fruit ripening. An online interactive database for tomato gene expression data - Tomato Expression Database (TED) was implemented. TED contains normalized expression data for approximately 12,000 ESTs over ten time points during fruit development. It also contains comprehensive annotation of each EST. Through TED, we provide multiple approaches to pursue analysis of specific genes of interest and/or access the larger microarray dataset to identify sets of genes that may behave in a pattern of interest. In addition, a set of useful data mining and data visualization tools were developed and are under continuing expansion.

Fei, Zhangjun

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Developing effective chronic disease interventions in Africa: insights from Ghana and Cameroon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.8 61.3 11 18 Physical Activity (insufficient in last 7 days) 7.8 13.2 - - Fruit and Vegetable Intake (insufficient intake) 39.6 38.2 - - Overweight prevalence (women) - 17.2 - 20.6 Obesity prevalence (women) 8.1 8.2 Sources: *IDF, 2003, cited by Mbanya... ) the majority of programme recipients remembered key aspects of the nutrition and healthy lifestyles messages; (2) the easiest lifestyles to adopt were drinking more water and eating more fruits and vegetables, a challeng- ing lifestyle was increasing physical...

de-Graft Aikins, Ama; Boynton, Petra; Atanga, Lem L

2010-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

226

Banana Trees  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Banana Trees Banana Trees Name: Adele Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do Banana trees grow bananas?? I've been asked this question and no-one I know can provide an answer! Bananas do not have seeds in them to reproduce the tree (e.g you can grow a lemon tree from the seeds in the fruit but not a banana tree from a banana) What evolutionary justification is there for a banana tree to bear fruit? Replies: Hi Adele! you are right, one cannot seed a banana tree, still that kind of vegetal is reproduced and grows... As many other plants they have an asexual reproduction, where the new plants are identical in every respect to the parent plant.The asexual reproduction involves no union of cells or nuclei of cells, there are not mingling of genetic traits. Banana plant is a gigantic herb that grows from an under- ground stem ( rhizome),and forms a false trunk with leaves. There emerges a large flower spike, with numerous individual flowers, that bends downward to become fruits. After the plants had fruits, they die and are replaced by others that arise from the underground stem, and that process can keep on going for many years. Right?

227

Acoustic black holes Matt Visser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acoustic black holes Matt Visser Physics Department Washington University Saint Louis USA Ole Miss you develop a number of use- ful connections between supersonic uid ow and black holes in general is the basis underlying a deep and fruitful analogy between the black holes of Einstein gravity and supersonic

Visser, Matt

228

PUBLICATION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH No. 46 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

interpretation of vampires. These essays bring together a broad range of perspectives on the vampire series from research in Caribbean studies, specifically in relation to the "soucoyant," a female vampire figure dedication and energy bore fruit on several fronts. Student plays were not workshopped or produced in the C

Peterson, Blake R.

229

Using Oils As Pesticides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petroleum and plant-derived spray oils show increasing potential for use as part of Integrated Pest Management systems for control of soft-bodied pests on fruit trees, shade trees, woody ornamentals and household plants. Sources of oils, preparing oils for use, application and precautions are discussed.

Bogran, Carlos E.; Ludwig, Scott; Metz, Bradley

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

230

Robert Van Steenwyk Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Recommendations for Sweet Cherry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robert Van Steenwyk Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD) Recommendations for Sweet of male and female SWD flies in each trap. Male SWD have spots on the tip of the wings and females have produced. The preferred ovipositional color was dark red for Bing fruit and red for Black Tartarian

Hammock, Bruce D.

231

PlainsCottonwood QuakingAspen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;BristleconePine #12;Piñon Pine Pinus edulis Description Bark: Gray, smooth and thin when young; red on young trees; nearly 3 inches thick, red-orange and furrowed into large flat scaly plates on mature trees that form tufts near the end of branches. Fruit: Light red-brown cones; 3 to 4 inches long; egg

232

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STEAK & SHRIMP NIGHT $8.95 6 oz. Grilled Red-Eye Steak Loaded Baked Potato Corn on the Cob Dessert Also topped with Cheddar cheese Coleslaw Freah Fruit WING NIGHT $7.35 BBQ or Hot Chicken Wings Seasoned Potato

Milchberg, Howard

233

Original paper: Development of a web-based disease forecasting system for strawberries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: Florida produces about 16 million flats of strawberries every year, 15% of berries produced in the U.S. and virtually all the berries grown in the winter. Fungicides are applied on a weekly schedule to control Anthracnose and Botrytis fruit ... Keywords: Climate, Decision support system, Google Maps, Simulation modeling, Web-based interface

W. Pavan; C. W. Fraisse; N. A. Peres

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Daily mercury intake in fish-eating populations in the Brazilian Amazon CARLOS JOSE SOUSA PASSOSa,d  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although high levels of fish consumption and bioindicators of mercury exposure have been reported-sectional dietary survey on fish and fruit consumption frequency was carried out with 256 persons from six villages, the average quantity of fish per meal, fish-species frequency consumption and participants' body weight. Fish

Mucci, Alfonso

235

The Actual Cost of Food Systems on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions and air quality); infrastructure; energy (fuel); congestion; safety; and user (tax payer) costs emissions and air quality); infrastructure; energy (fuel); congestion; safety; and user (tax payer) costs ...................................................................................................................16 Table 14: Fruit and Vegetable Consumption Rate Per Capita from County Survey

Beresnev, Igor

236

WIDMANST ATTEN FERRITE AND BAINITE ULTRA HIGH STRENGTH STEELS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for this project was provided by the Dr. A. Q. Khan Research Labs. (Pakistan) and ESAB (Sweden), to whom in the department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, particularly Dr. S. A. Khan, Dr. S. Atamert, Dr. A. A. S. B. Babu (for teaching me MSDOS and very fruitful discussions), Mr. S. A. Mujahid, Mr. G. 1. Rees (who

Cambridge, University of

237

Intersexual Conflict and Group Size in Alouatta palliata: A 23-year ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

males is likely to enhance a group's competitive ability in terms of access to high .... year (Milton 1982); thus our treatment of the data allows time for females to enter a ..... L. Dew, & J. P. Boubli (Eds.) Tropical fruits and frugivores: The search for...

238

Education research Making STEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

message: `We value STEM'. This powerful message was conveyed by, for example, setting a STEM quiz as part's Space Shuttle programme coming to an end, tomorrow's aeronautical engineers were busy taking the first education | 27 Case study: Parliament Hill School The Fruit Juice solar car challenge: certainly no lemon

239

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES BACK TO THE FUTURE OF GREEN POWERED ECONOMIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy. In the not so distant past, solar power captured by wind flows and biomass production were the sole energy sources fueling human existence. The direct and indirect fruits of solar power provided of solar power captured by wind turbines, wave motion, and silicon panels. And similarly, many energy

240

Cactus pear cauterizer increases shelf life without cooling processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mexico is the world's largest cactus pear producer and aspires to be the world's largest exporter. Export pear quality depends significantly on good cuts during harvest, so a cauterizer was developed to cut and seal 600 fruits per hour. Shelf life of ... Keywords: Cauterization, Energy optimization, RGB maturity analysis, Weight loss

Federico Hahn

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Science communication is a rapidly growing vibrant field of expertise within the domain of science and technology. Science communicators can bridge the gap  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Science communication is a rapidly growing vibrant field of expertise within the domain of science and technology. Science communicators can bridge the gap between science and society, and hence, take the fruits of science and technology down to the masses, and result in scientifically informed

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

242

Resonances in long time integration of semi linear Hamiltonian PDEs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from plants grown in a greenhouse. Tomatoes were tagged at the breaker stage and harvested at breaker of fruits from control (LA4024, squares) and LA3923 (triangles) harvested at breaker (0) and subsequent days by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, the Lyle Dickman family, and a grant to HK and ZF from

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

243

Genizah MS T-S AS 156.419  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*k T-S AS 156.419 *t Hala?a *s 4.7 x 4.1; 7 lines *m Vellum; 1 leaf; torn, holes, rubbed, stained *l Judaeo-Arabic; Hebrew *c Discussion concerning fruits and trees. *e Belongs with T-S AS 156.414....

Unknown

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

244

Int. J. Biol. Sci. 2010, 6 http://www.biolsci.org  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

constituent of many fruits and vegetables. It is a five-carbon sugar polyol and has been used as a food. Introduction D-Xylitol is a five-carbon polyol (five-carbon sugar alcohol), which has the capacity to form com and vegetables is usually low, and thus it is uneconomical to extract large amounts of D-xylitol from

Qin, Wensheng

245

Breads, cereal, rice, pasta, etc. Bread, whole wheat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/ skin Chicken wing Fish, cod Whole beans Nuts/seeds* Fruits *Nuts & avocado contain healthy fats, plain Dairy Products Cheese, cheddar Milk, whole Milk/yogurt, non-fat Milk/yogurt, 1% Protein Foods Beef, ground Beef, round Sausage/pepperoni Hot dogs Chicken/turkey breast without skin with skin deep fried w

de la Torre, José R.

246

San Francisco State University Student Health Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

* Vegetable or Lentil soup Chicken noodle soup Fresh fruit Fresh juices Low-fat yogurt Low-fat milk Hard* Korean BBQ chicken Bagel with hummus, peanut butter*, sundried tomatoes, or falafel Low-fat yogurt Fresh*, egg- plant, turkey, tuna*, pesto*, artichokes*, olives*, low-fat cream cheese*, peanut butter*, smoked

de la Torre, José R.

247

I. Bread, cereal, rice, and pasta 6-11 servings (aim for 50% whole grain)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cranberry juice Dinner leftovers such as Chicken and veggie stir-fry over Steamed brown rice Low fat yogurt, and cheese (2-3 servings) IV. Fats, oils, and sweets (sparingly) Breakfast Ideas Oatmeal Raisins or dried cranberries Low-fat milk Low-fat mozzarella cheese sticks Whole-grain crackers Mixed dried fruits Low-fat

de la Torre, José R.

248

Let's eatfor the health of it ChooseMyPlate.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.* *Examples of solid fats and oils Solid Fats Beef, pork, and chicken fat Butter, cream, and milk fat Coconut by choosing one or more tips to help you... Build a healthy plate Cut back on foods high in solid fats, added vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and lean protein foods contain the nutrients you

249

GUIDELINES FOR EATING & DRINKING 1. After vomiting, do not eat or drink  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, rice, plain pasta Chicken noodle soup If vomiting recurs at any step, go back to step #1. If you? NAUSEA (UPSET STOMACH): Eat only a small amount every 1-2 hours. Eat bland, low-fat food: clear (best if ripe) Apple Sauce & Canned Fruits (i.e. pears, peaches) Chicken noodle soup Day 3

Virginia Tech

250

nEWS to hElp you thrivE 5 ways to help you  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oz. of chicken or 3 eggs with 2 tbsp. of low-fat mayo). Or fill one with vegetarian refried beans, celery, low-fat ranch dressing, and fat-free milk. - skewer grilled chicken, low-fat cheese, cucum- ber--full of fat and processed carbs with little, if any, fruits or vegetables. Instead, try these home- made

Burke, Peter

251

If You Usually Eat This White Bread  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

drain away) Lean meats, such as ground round (also, eat chicken and fish often) Low-fat or nonfat milk you save for a dish of fruit) Hamburger (hold the mayonnaise) and baked beans (for less fat nutrient retention) Frozen vegetables (fewer nutrients lost in processing) Broiled meats (watch the fat

Gering, Jon C.

252

SHOP SMART Linda Dai & Wilfred Dang WHAT DO YOU BUY?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expensive and usually high in fat and salt. Vegetables and Fruit 7 - 10 Best Buys: apples, bananas, eggs, hamburger, blade or rump roast, canned tuna and or frozen fish. Chicken legs and thighs rather than breasts Ground turkey and chicken. Trail Mix Try meals that don't have meat a few times each week

Thompson, Michael

253

Striving to be America's HEALTHIEST Campus Seretean Wellness Center I 1514 W Hall of Fame I Stillwater, OK 74078  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or chicken adds up to 400- 500 calories and 20-30 grams of fat. Dishes prepared "Sweet and Sour" are deep's Calories Fat Grams Sodium (mg) Martha's Vineyard Salad 250 8 490 Junior Roast Beef 270 9 740 For more.5 grams of fat) Fruit Smoothies Moab, Durango, Santa Fe, Raspberry Rootiepoot (smoothies are made

Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

254

Two out of three adults have high cholesterol, and most  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a waxy, fat- like substance that is neces- sary for your body. There are two kinds in total fat, saturated fat, and cholester- ol, and rich in fresh fruits and vegetables. Additionally, you Lemon-Pepper Orzo and Grilled Chicken 2 4 Numbers That Can Save Your Life! 2 Physical Activity in your

Howitt, Ivan

255

Employee Assistance Report Lifestyle Tips Insert September 2011 By Tim Lencki  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.eatingwell.com Healthy Recipe: Chicken and Fruit Salad ! INGREDIENTS: · 1/4 cup reduced fat sour cream · 3 tablespoons more protein. Research is showing that protein can have a satiating effect as well as fat. In addition, protein has an increased thermogenic (fat-burning) effect compared to fat and carbohydrates

Oliver, Douglas L.

256

Quick Tips: Making Fast, Healthy Meals Get started  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the grocery store. Some basic ingredients to have are: · Frozen chicken breasts and fish fillets. · Frozen. · Vegetable or chicken broth. · Tomato sauce and pasta sauce. · Whole-grain pasta. · Brown rice. · Onions-fries. · Packaged, presliced fresh fruits, such as melon or pineapple. You can add these to a container of low-fat

Burke, Peter

257

Eat Healthy at Dal LOCATION VENUE HEALTHY OPTIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of vegetables, a lean protein and little dressing Grill: Grilled chicken, Veggie Burger, Egg Sandwich Pizza sandwiches including 10g of fat and less selection, Protein Snack Pack and Hummus, Pita & Veggie Snacker Fruit, Milk, 100% Juice (Get the Good Stuff logo = healthier choices) Student Union Building Chicken

Brownstone, Rob

258

County Property Values and Tax Impacts of Florida's Citrus Industry1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual. Citrus is consumed as fresh fruit or utilized for processing into a variety of juice products. The citrus policy standpoint because they pay for most of the local infrastructure development and public services

Florida, University of

259

An adaptive multisite mapping for computationally intensive grid applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The unemployed computational resources, usually available on the multi-owner time-shared computing nodes of a multisite grid, could be fruitfully exploited to execute the parallel tasks of computationally challenging applications. An efficient use of ... Keywords: Artificial intelligence: Problem solving, control methods, and search - Heuristic methods, Processor architectures: Other architecture styles - Heterogeneous (hybrid) systems

Ivanoe De Falco; Umberto Scafuri; Ernesto Tarantino

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

SADmote: a robust and cost-effective device for environmental monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time to deployment for wireless sensor networks could be reduced by using commercial sensor nodes. However, this may lead to suboptimal flexibility, power consumption and cost of the system. Our pilot deployment for precision agriculture and fruit growing ... Keywords: environmental monitoring, hardware design, precision agriculture, sensor networks

Atis Elsts; Rihards Balass; Janis Judvaitis; Reinholds Zviedris; Girts Strazdins; Artis Mednis; Leo Selavo

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Kivalina wind generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project reported was to construct a system to harness the winds of an Arctic site to generate electricity that would power a greenhouse where fruit and vegetables could be raised for local consumption. The installation of the tower and an Enertech 4K wind generator are described. (LEW)

Aldrich, D.

1984-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

262

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 37 Number 1 : Full issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Truthfulness is the means to bind; tenderness, to untie. Energy is my team and bullock. Thus this ploughing is effected, destroying the weeds of delusion. The harvest that it yields is the ambrosia fruit of Nirvana, and by this ploughing all sorrow...

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

2001-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

263

The Buddha  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that it yields is the ambrosia fruit of Nirvana, and by this ploughing all sorrow is brought to an end". Than the Brahman poured milk-rice into a golden bowl and handed it to the lord saying: "Eat, 0 Gautama, the milk-rice. Indeed, thou art a hus- 10 bandman...

Yogi, P. G.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Genizah MS T-S AS 156.350  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*k T-S AS 156.350 *t Medical *s 9.7 x 6.2; 13 lines (recto); 12 lines (verso) *m Paper; 1 leaf; torn, holes, badly rubbed *l Judaeo-Arabic *c Medical preparation instructions, recipe or medical, mentioning for example dried fruit and rock sugar. *e...

Unknown

2011-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

265

Introduction Aphids, or plant lice, feed on most vegetable crops, many houseplants and many ornamentals grown in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and vegetable crops. Horticultural oil sprays can help to control some aphids on fruit trees and ornamentalsAphids Introduction Aphids, or plant lice, feed on most vegetable crops, many houseplants and many tissue and remove the sap. Aphids can easily be distinguished by the two tube like appendages (cornicles

New Hampshire, University of

266

Iron: Iron has an essential role in the body because it delivers oxygen to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that come from vegetable oils, nuts, and fish over saturated fats found in meats, full-fat dairy products both for muscle tissue growth and repair and energy production. Good sources of zinc include meat include dairy prod- ucts, vegetables, fruits and vegetable oils (vitamin E). Protein Protein is important

267

Non-perishable Food cake / cookie / brownie mix 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) 5 canned soup 33 canned vegetables 18 coffee / tea / hot chocolate 5 condensed/evaporated milk 4 cooking oil 2 crackers 2 dried beans dried fruit 1 dried soup mix dry milk powder hot & cold cereal 5 jams deodorant 7 4 shampoo/ kid's tearless shampoo 6 7 5 hair styling product 2 2 lotion 1 1 cotton swabs 1

Lawson, Catherine L.

268

Dietary Changes for Gastrointestinal Problems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or strained soups made with allowed vegetables, grains or other protein foods . Oils (use sparingly) Avoid of fiber and connective tissues and consists of easily digested foods. This meal plan may be used foods, dairy, grains, fruits and vegetables groups. Indigestible carbohydrates are reduced by selecting

269

Literature Highlight: Radiation Exposure to the Heart and the Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, fish, and olive oil.1-4 This diet discourages dairy products, saturated fats, and red meats.1-4 Older have helped to limit radiation exposure to unaffected tissues, radiation expo- sure to the heart may benefit from an -linolenic acid-rich Mediterranean diet which emphasizes bread, fruits, nuts, vegetables

Vonessen, Nikolaus

270

Artificial neural networks for automated year-round temperature prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crops and livestock in most of the southeastern United States are susceptible to potential losses due to extreme cold and heat. However, given suitable warning, agricultural and horticultural producers can mitigate the damage of extreme temperature events. ... Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Frost protection, Fruit crops, Neural network, Temperature prediction, Vegetable crops

Brian A. Smith; Gerrit Hoogenboom; Ronald W. McClendon

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Obituary: Sabi La  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mostly Yak's wool and exports from Sikkim were cotton goods, cardamom and dry fruits. As in Lhasa so in Gangtok he was held in esteem in the mercantile community. Sabi La however was great not because he was a merchant. There were in Sikkim many...

Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

1970-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

272

WntD is a feedback inhibitor of Dorsal/NF-kB in Drosophila development and immunity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WntD is a feedback inhibitor of Dorsal/NF-kB in Drosophila development and immunity Michael D. Gordon1 , Marc S. Dionne2 , David S. Schneider2 & Roel Nusse1 Regulating the nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB melanogaster have proved fruitful in determining the signals used to control NF-kB proteins, beginning

Bejerano, Gill

273

Supplementary Information for: Leg-tracking and automated behavioral classification in Drosophila  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using a median filter and removal and interpolated replacement of rare erroneous readings. See that matched the inertial mass of the tiny fruit fly. This led us to try aerogel, a rigid, ultralight to make uniform spheres of aerogel, the material absorbed infrared and was very hygroscopic. Next, we

Wilson, Rachel

274

American Journal of Botany 89(4): 699706. 2002. MADAGASIKARIA (MALPIGHIACEAE): A NEW GENUS FROM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by specialized oil-collecting anthophorine bees of the tribe Centridini and exhibit highly conserved floral mor- phology despite tremendous diversity in fruit morphology and habit. These oil-collecting bees are absent from the paleotropics, where most members of the Malpighiaceae lack both the oil glands and the typical

Davis, Charles

275

Complex values in Smalltalk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distinguishing between stateful objects and Values has long been recognized as fruitful. Values are universal context free abstractions that prevent side-effects and allow for a functional programming style. Though object-oriented programming languages ... Keywords: Smalltalk, functional programming, refactoring, serialization, testability, value objects

Thomas J. Schrader; Christian Haider

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The Foundation for The Gator Nation An Equal Opportunity Institution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science/4-H March is National Nutrition Month. It is a great time for you and your family to try to make with oranges, bananas or grapes, and keep a bowl of whole fruit on the table, counter, or in the refrigerator

Watson, Craig A.

277

Analytical Review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

ANL Performs Independent Review for DOE on the following topics: (1) Systematic analysis--Depends on question asked; (2) Compare technologies and pathways--Examples: (a) fuels, power plant technologies, vehicle materials; (b) Total lifecycle analysis reveals national and global impacts; and (3) Direction of R&D to most fruitful areas.

Frank Stodolsky

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

278

DISTRIBUTED ENERGY SYSTEMS IN CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: A PRELIMINARY REPORT, VOLUME I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Supply and Demand, 1972 and 2025 California Biomasssupply, and the fact that most crops are grown to optimize fruit or grain yield rather than total biomass (Biomass, 2025 Potential of Various Ocean Energy Resources for California California Wind Energy, by Region Estimates of California's Conventional Crude Oil Supply

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

List of contents 2012 1. Introduction; historic review; brief re-wrap of thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pressure table, saturated temperature table, superheated vapour table 3. Absorption, gas expansion and thermo-electric refrigeration cycles 3.1 Absorption refrigeration (AR) processes 1: NH3 3.2 Absorption and transport 5.7 Hydrogen 6. Food freezing and cooling 6.1 Thermal properties of food 6.2 Fruits and vegetables

Zevenhoven, Ron

280

publication 348-790 Kids Kitchen: Which cereal should I eat?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fiber 2 g 9% Sugar 14 g Protein 1 g Frosted Fruit O's Ingredients: Sugar, Corn Flour,Wheat Flour, Oat Flour, Partially HydrogenatedVegetable Oil (one or more of: Coconut, Cottonseed, and Soybean), Salt Ingredients: Milled Corn, Rice, Brown Sugar, Salt, Malt Flavoring, Baking Soda,Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C), Iron

Liskiewicz, Maciej

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Food Tech Lab -Ingram Hall Dr. Sathivel/Dr. Joongmin Shin Pilot equipment in the Food Tech lab includes mechanical separators and desinewers, centrifuge,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

includes mechanical separators and desinewers, centrifuge, grinders, Koch SS Grinder, flaker, tumbler and incubator for total plate microbial counts, centrifugation for separation, high speed explosion- proof, portable gas analyzer (O2, CO2, CO). Fruits and Vegetable Processing Equipment ­ Julian C. Miller Hall - Dr

Harms, Kyle E.

282

Federal Regulations Affecting Use of Pesticides1 Frederick M. Fishel2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pesticide was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use on fruit and vegetable crops, mainly. "Farmers use 200 to 300 pounds of Midas per acre and nearly 80 percent of the pesticide is not effective the molecular structure of a pesticide to determine if the product could be made more efficient... Click here

Watson, Craig A.

283

5/25/11 10:26 PMMoms Exposed to Pesticides Can Lower Their Children's IQ | Page 1 of 2http://healthland.time.com/2011/04/21/exposure-to-pesticides-in-pregnancy-can-lower-childrens-iq/print/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their developing baby. And that includes pesticides, from the kind that farmers spray on fruit and vegetable crops because while others have linked pesticide exposure to potential developmental effects your exposure to pesticides by avoiding crops treated with the chemicals. But if you can't afford

284

Integrated pest management (IPM) is an ecological approach to pest control that combines several different techniques to maintain pests below damaging levels. Pests may include insects, spiders, mites, diseases, weeds,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their developing baby. And that includes pesticides, from the kind that farmers spray on fruit and vegetable crops because while others have linked pesticide exposure to potential developmental effects your exposure to pesticides by avoiding crops treated with the chemicals. But if you can't afford

New Hampshire, University of

285

Summary/prognosis of the workshop  

SciTech Connect

In this talk I will try to: (1) summarize the progress in hardware, software, algorithm, and databases that have made the advances of the last 35 years in stellar atmospheric modeling possible; (2) comment on some of the important papers presented in this meeting; and (3) offer opinions about where fruitful paths for future investigations may lie. (AKA Modeling of Stellar Atmosphere)

Mihalas, Dimitri,

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Review: Sensors for product characterization and quality of specialty crops-A review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This review covers developments in non-invasive techniques for quality analysis and inspection of specialty crops, mainly fresh fruits and vegetables, over the past decade up to the year 2010. Presented and discussed in this review are advanced sensing ... Keywords: Magnetic resonance, Near-infrared, Non-invasive, Optical, Spectroscopy, Vision

M. Ruiz-Altisent; L. Ruiz-Garcia; G. P. Moreda; Renfu Lu; N. Hernandez-Sanchez; E. C. Correa; B. Diezma; B. Nicola; J. Garca-Ramos

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Exploiting heavy oil reserves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the behaviour of oil and gas prices and the fruits of future exploration. The rate of technological progress. How optimistic are you that the North Sea remains a viable source of oil and gas? A) Our new researchNorth Sea investment potential Exploiting heavy oil reserves Beneath the waves in 3D Aberdeen

Levi, Ran

288

Monogamy of correlations versus monogamy of entanglement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fruitful way of studying physical theories is via the question whether the possible physical states and different kinds of correlations in each theory can be shared to different parties. Over the past few years it has become clear that both quantum ... Keywords: Cryptography, Entanglement, Monogamy, No-signalling, Non-locality, Quantum mechanics, Shareability

M. P. Seevinck

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

R E V I E W A R T I C L E Agro-Successional Restoration as a Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

clippings for green manure; and substituting annual crop species with long-term crop species (e.g., fruits workers to establish agro-successional restoration in their areas. Certainly, long-term protection for pulpwood have been shown to provide short-term income, reduce restora- tion costs, and accelerate

Holl, Karen

290

PPPL-designed coil critical to experiment arrives in stellar condition |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.-German collaboration bears first fruits U.S.-German collaboration bears first fruits PPPL-designed coil critical to experiment arrives in stellar condition By John Greenwald July 10, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One Max Planck staffers with delivered trim coil. Front row from left: Dr. Thomas Rummel, head of magnet and cryostat subdivision; Stefan Freundt, engineer; Dr. Hans-Stephan Bosch, associate director for coordination; Victor Bykov, engineer. Back row, from left: Konrad Risse, trim coil project leader; Frank Füllenbach, engineer; Mathias Gottschewsky, project control engineer; Matthias Köppen, engineer. (Photo by Anja Richter Ullmann, IPP) Max Planck staffers with delivered trim coil. Front row from left: Dr. Thomas Rummel, head of magnet and cryostat subdivision; Stefan Freundt,

291

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Peach Genome Offers Insights into Breeding  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 24, 2013 March 24, 2013 Peach Genome Offers Insights into Breeding Strategies for Biofuels Crops Rapidly growing trees like poplars and willows are candidate "biofuel crops" from which it is expected that cellulosic ethanol and higher energy content fuels can be efficiently extracted. Domesticating these crops requires a deep understanding of the physiology and genetics of trees, and scientists are turning to long-domesticated fruit trees for hints. The relationship between a peach and a poplar may not be obvious at first glance, but to botanists both trees are part of the rosid superfamily, which includes not only fruit crops like apples, strawberries, cherries, and almonds, but many other plants as well, including rose that gives the superfamily its name.

292

DNA Extraction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DNA Extraction DNA Extraction Being able to extract deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is important for a number of reasons. By studying DNA, scientists can identify genetic disorders or diseases, and they can also possibly find cures for them by manipulating or experimenting with this DNA. At the Laboratory, researchers have studied DNA to detect biothreat agents in environmental and forensic samples. Scientists also are studying how human DNA may be destroyed by certain types of electromagnetic waves at certain frequencies. Classroom Activity: This activity is about the extraction of DNA from strawberries. Strawberries are a great fruit to use for this lesson because each student can work on his or her own. Strawberries are recommended because they yield more DNA than any other fruit. Strawberries are octoploid, which means that they have eight copies of each

293

Stanford University Solar Decathlon 2011 Menu and Recipes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Starters Starters Crostini fig jam, goat cheese, and balsamic caramelized onion Endive boat hummus and roasted red pepper Cucumber Salad sun-dried tomato olive and cheese Entrees Paprika Marinated Tuna or Marinated Portabella Mushrooms served with Baby mixed green salad walnuts, apples, cucumbers, goat cheese, and balsamic Orzo Salad tomato, olives, parsley, and lemon- sprinkle feta on top for vegetarians Seasonal Vegetables Desserts & Drinks Toasted apple slices with caramel sauce and ice cream and Fresh seasonal fruit Start.HomeGrown October 10th, 2013 Starters Chip Trio pineapple salsa | salsa verde | guacamole Entrees Seasonal Fish with Fruit Salsa served with Baby spinach salad pumpkin seeds, avocado, orange, jicama, cucumber, citrus vinaigrette Caribbean sweet potato pancakes

294

Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

981 Federal Register 981 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 36 / Wednesday, February 23, 2011 / Proposed Rules Paperwork Reduction Act This proposed rule contains no new information collection or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). List of Subjects 7 CFR Part 318 Cotton, Cottonseeds, Fruits, Guam, Hawaii, Plant diseases and pests, Puerto Rico, Quarantine, Transportation, Vegetables, Virgin Islands. 7 CFR Part 319 Coffee, Cotton, Fruits, Imports, Logs, Nursery stock, Plant diseases and pests, Quarantine, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Rice, Vegetables. Accordingly, we are proposing to amend 7 CFR parts 318 and 319 as follows: PART 318-STATE OF HAWAII AND TERRITORIES QUARANTINE NOTICES 1. The authority citation for part 318

295

Award Recipient of the ENERGY STAR Challenge for Industry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropicana Products 6500 Glades Cut-Off Road Ft. Pierce, Florida 34981 PepsiCo's Tropicana Ft. Pierce facility was built in 1972 and processed oranges for the concentrate market. There have been multiple projects over time to convert the plant's focus to produce "not from concentrate" orange juice. The plant can extract 120 million gallons per year from fruit and package 100 million gallons per year in cartons and plastic containers. The storage capacity for concentrate is 7 million gallons and there is an aseptic tank farm for single strength juice storage capacity of 76 million gallons. The plant processes fruit for eight months of the year, but packages juice year around. . PepsiCo's Tropicana Ft. Pierce facility achieved the ENERGY STAR Challenge for

296

Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0. 0. Number of Establishments that Actually Switched Fuels from Natural Gas to Residual Fuel Oil, by Industry Group and Selected Industries, 1994 369 Energy Information Administration/Manufacturing Consumption of Energy 1994 SIC Residual Fuel Oil Total Code Industry Group and Industry (billion cu ft) Factors (counts) (counts) (percents) (counts) (percents) a Natural Gas Switchable to Establishments RSE Row Able to Switch Actually Switched RSE Column Factors: 1.3 0.1 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.8 20 Food and Kindred Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 14,698 702 4.8 262 1.8 5.6 2011 Meat Packing Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 759 23 3.0 10 1.3 9.0 2033 Canned Fruits and Vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 531 112 21.2 33 6.2 11.6 2037 Frozen Fruits and Vegetables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 232 Q 5.3

297

Energy conservation in citrus processing. Technical progress report, October 1, 1979-March 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect

The Sunkist Citrus Plant in Ontario, California, processes about 6 million pounds of citrus fruit per day to make products which include frozen concentrated juice; chilled, pasteurized, natural strength juice; molasses from peel; dried meal from peel; pectin; citrus oil; and bioflavonoids. The energy intensive operations at the plant include concentration, drying, and refrigeration. The objective of the two-year two-phase project is to identify an economically viable alternative to the existing method of meeting energy requirements. Progress on the technical work of Phase I is reported. The following are summarized: requirements (energy price projection, atmospheric emission requirements, citrus juice quality constraints, economic evaluations); characterization (basic citrus processing operations, energy consumption and fruit processed vs time, identification and measurement of energy uses, energy balance for a typical citrus juice evaporator); and thermodynamic analysis (heat pump model, thermal evaporator, and co-generation model).

1980-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Corrosivity of Foodstuffs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Approximate pH values of various foods...6.5??8.5 Dates 6.2??6.4 Eggs, fresh white 7.6??8.0 Flour, wheat 5.5??6.5 Gooseberries 2.8??3.0 Grapefruit 3.0??3.3 Grapes 3.5??4.5 Hominy (lye) 6.8??8.0 Jams, fruit 3.5??4.0 Jellies, fruit 2.8??3.4 Lemons 2.2??2.4 Limes 1.8??2.0 Maple syrup 6.5??7.0 Milk, cows 6.3??6.6 Olives 3.6??3.8 Oranges 3.0??4.0 Oysters 6.1??6.6...

299

The Effects of Economic and Environmental Factors on Investment Decisions in the Texas Grapefruit Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic and environmental factors were examined to determine their influences on grapefruit investment in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Price instability explained 17 percent of the variation in investment decision making, while 83 percent was explained by uncertainty related to severe freezes impacting the Texas grapefruit industry. Trade and environmental factors were not identified as a significant source of uncertainty affecting investment decisions. Increased investment in freeze protection technologies and improved price risk management are the most effective ways to reduce the uncertainty associated with grapefruit production and marketing. Micro-sprinkler systems could eliminate the risk of future freeze damage, conserve valuable water resources, and reduce the variable costs of production, resulting in an estimated savings of $6,250 per acre. Price risk could be reduced by producing and marketing more fancy-grade fruit and reducing the proportion of choice fruit in the marketing mix. Key words:

Edited Flynn; J. Adcock; Nicole Elmer; Amy Thurow; Jason Johnson; Parr Rosson

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Supplement a to compilation of air pollutant emission factors. Volume 1. Stationary point and area sources. Fifth edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Supplement to AP-42 addresses pollutant-generating activity from Bituminous and Subbituminous Coal Combustion; Anthracite Coal Combustion; Fuel Oil Combustion; Natural Gas Combustion; Wood Waste Combustion in Boilers; Lignite Combustion; Waste Oil Combustion: Stationary Gas Turbines for Electricity Generation; Heavy-duty Natural Gas-fired Pipeline Compressor Engines; Large Stationary Diesel and all Stationary Dual-fuel engines; Natural Gas Processing; Organic Liquid Storage Tanks; Meat Smokehouses; Meat Rendering Plants; Canned Fruits and Vegetables; Dehydrated Fruits and Vegetables; Pickles, Sauces and Salad Dressing; Grain Elevators and Processes; Cereal Breakfast Foods; Pasta Manufacturing; Vegetable Oil Processing; Wines and Brandy; Coffee Roasting; Charcoal; Coal Cleaning; Frit Manufacturing; Sand and Gravel Processing; Diatomite Processing; Talc Processing; Vermiculite Processing; paved Roads; and Unpaved Roads. Also included is information on Generalized Particle Size Distributions.

NONE

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Projected integrated farm in Nepal  

SciTech Connect

A proposed integrated crop-livestock agro-processing complex to be based at Janakpur, Nepal is described. This project was proposed by the Agricultural Development Bank and is a small effort towards creating a self-sufficient rural community similar to one reported in China. The plan of the farm aims to achieve the integration of several agricultural, aquacultural, solar energy and biogas energy components with complete recycling of waste. These include biogas plants with associated slurry and storage tanks for operating a 3-kW generator, a 3.7-kW pump, providing domestic cooking, as well as energy to operate a fruit-processing plant. Energy for water heating, crop drying and refrigeration will be supplied by solar energy. Fish, livestock, fruits and vegetables will be produced by the farm.

Dhital, K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Measuring availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive in-store survey may capture the availability of healthful food alternatives in different store types in two rural counties. The purpose of this study was to: (1) compare the availability of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties; and (2) compare the variety of healthful foods in two rural Texas counties. This study also acts as a pilot test for further food availability research in four other rural counties of the Brazos Valley. An unobtrusive, observational survey was used to measure availability of healthful food in all (100%) grocery, convenience, and discount stores (n=44) in two rural counties in the Brazos Valley of Texas. Results from the surveys indicated that availability of healthful food alternatives varied greatly among the three different store types and two counties surveyed. Grocery stores (n=7) were more likely than convenience (n=31) and discount (n=6) stores to offer fresh fruits and vegetables, leanmeat options, and low-fat/skim milk products. Fresh fruits and vegetables were available in 100% of grocery stores. Only 16.1% of convenience stores, compared with 0.0% in discount stores, offered fresh fruits and vegetables. Variety of fruits and vegetables varied greatly among the three different store types and the two counties surveyed. Findings suggest that the survey utilized was feasible in determining the availability of healthful food items in two rural counties. Implications of this study include the need for knowledge and awareness of rural consumers and rural food supply. Furthermore, nutrition education for rural consumers and those purchasing foods provided to rural areas is desired. This study provided that further investigation into the availability of healthful foods in rural areas is needed.

Bustillos, Brenda Diane

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Industrial Energy Management Tool 1.0 Webcast Presentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designed for use by utility sales and marketing representatives as well as industrial plant personnel, the Industrial Energy Management Tool 1.0 is a simple online tool that can help users prioritize energy efficiency measures. The tool provides an initial assessment of the percentage potential energy savings and, in a few cases, the costs effectiveness in $/kWh of energy saving measures. Three industries are covered in version 1.0 of the tool: Food processing (fruits & vegetables) Pharmaceuticals Plasti...

2009-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

304

Alloy Design for a Fusion Power Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

described herein has been published in the Journal of Nuclear Materials, or has been submitted for publication in the proceed- ings of the 12th International Conference on Fusion Reactor Materials and Energy Materials. Richard Kemp August 8, 2006... to calculate optimised compositions for potential fusion alloys. Recommendations on the most fruitful ways of designing future experiments have also been made. In addition, a classical nucleation theory approach was taken to modelling the incubation...

Kemp, Richard

305

Puna Geothermal Research Facility technology transfer program. Final report, August 23, 1985--August 23, 1989  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The funds were used in a series of small grants to entrepreneurs demonstrating the direct use of geothermal heat supplied by Hawaii`s HGP-A well; this effort was known as the Community Geothermal Technology Program. Summaries are presented of the nine completed projects: fruit dehydration, greenhouse bottom heating, lumber kiln, glass making, cloth dyeing, aquaculture (incomplete), nursery growing media pasteurization, bronze casting, and electrodeposition from geothermal brine.

Takahashi, P.

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

The Use of Ozone as an Antimicrobial Agent: Agricultural and Food Processing Technical Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ozone treatment, a highly effective disinfectant long used in Europe, deactivates even the most stubborn organisms. Food processors can use ozone to disinfect raw fruits and vegetables during processing or to disinfect water used for washing foods and food plant equipment. Food researchers and regulators have confirmed ozone as safe. In 1997, EPRI convened an expert panel that submitted a Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) affirmation of ozone in food applications to the U.S. Food and Drug Administratio...

2001-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

307

Dietary fortificant iron intake is negatively associated with quality of life in patients with mildly active inflammatory bowel disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information using the McCance and Widdowson food composition tables [23], and this value was then subtracted from the total iron content declared by the manufacturer to esti- mate fortificant iron content; and (iii) for other foods containing white wheat flour... between IBD patients and healthy control subjects (6.9 1.6 vs 5.3 0.6; pwheat flour and iron derived from other Pancakes, sweet udding Fruit pie Digestive biscuits ingue pie Sponge pudding...

Powell, Jonathan J; Cook, William B; Hutchinson, Carol; Tolkien, Zoe; Chatfield, Mark; Pereira, Dora IA; Lomer, Miranda CE

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Biogas from waste in Belgium  

SciTech Connect

This article describes plans for a dry anaerobic composting plant in Brecht, Belgium. The new plant will utilize dry conditions and thermophilic temperatures to produce an average of 6 to 8 volumes of biogas per volume of reactor per day could be produced from vegetable, fruit, garden and paper waste, and a soil amendment from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste according to researchers.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

HPV & head and neck cancer: a descriptive update  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

similar to tobacco smoke but actually has a greater concentration of the aromatic poly-carbon carcinogens found in cigarette smoke. Fur- thermore, cannabis is usually smoked unfiltered, allowing a greater concentration of toxin unfettered access... implicated in the aetiology of HNSCC, especially a low consumption of fibre and vita- mins in the form of fresh fruit and vegetables [11]. Oral hygiene and the state of dentition have also been linked to an increased risk of developing oro-pharyngeal cancer...

Goon, Peter K C; Stanley, Margaret A; Ebmeyer, Jorg; Steinstraesser, Lars; Upile, Tahwinder; Jerjes, Waseem; Bernal-Sprekelsen, Manuel; Gorner, Martin; Sudhoff, Holger H

2009-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

310

Diabetes is a disease that affects your body's ability to turn the food you eat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 whole grain tortilla Dinner (4) 1 cup low fat milk 3 oz chicken breast 1 cup brown rice 1 cup Follow a low-fat, low-sugar diet that is high in whole grains, lean meats, legumes, fruits and vegetables medium sized apple 1 egg, 1 cup cereal w/ 1 cup low fat milk Snack (2) 1 cup low fat yogurt 1 small

de la Torre, José R.

311

HYG-5560-06 Family and Consumer Sciences, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and nonfat or low-fat milk and milk products. · Choose fats wisely 5.8% Legumes, Nuts, Soy 7.0% Vegetables 16.9% Grain Products 2.8% Eggs 4.9% Other Foods* Where do we.3%), fats and oils (0.1%), sugars and sweeteners (0.5%), and miscellaneous foods (3.0%). Source: Gerrior SA

312

Eighth SIAM conference on parallel processing for scientific computing: Final program and abstracts  

SciTech Connect

This SIAM conference is the premier forum for developments in parallel numerical algorithms, a field that has seen very lively and fruitful developments over the past decade, and whose health is still robust. Themes for this conference were: combinatorial optimization; data-parallel languages; large-scale parallel applications; message-passing; molecular modeling; parallel I/O; parallel libraries; parallel software tools; parallel compilers; particle simulations; problem-solving environments; and sparse matrix computations.

NONE

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRD CONFERENCE ON REACTIONS BETWEEN COMPLEX NUCLEI, HELD AT ASILOMAR (PACIFIC GROVE, CALIFORNIA) APRIL 14-18, 1963  

SciTech Connect

The goals of the meeting were: to provide information on the developments in the field of reactions between complex nuclei since the second conference held in Gatlinburg, TN in 1960; to allow an informal exchange of ideas bwtween scientists of universities/laboratories participating in heavy-ion research; and, to point to fruitful research for the future. Conference papers and a conference summary are included in these proceedings.

Ghiorso, A.; Diamond, R.M.; Conzett, H.E. (eds.)

1963-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

(Energy related studies utilizing microline thermochronology)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The past two years of research conducted have been fruitful and exciting. Using Microcline Thermochronology (MTC), we have investigated the hydrothermal maturity of the Salton Sea Geothermal Field, potential for hydrocarbon maturation associated with heating due to ridge subduction beneath accretionary prism sediments, developed a single crystal dating system which has proven to greatly enhance interpretations regarding MTC, and also have begun to develop sound theoretical and experimental techniques which truly revolutionize our understanding of argon systematics in K-feldspars.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Sechage solaire des aliments (solar food drying and conservation of food for year-round consumption)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is an introduction to food drying as a measure to avoid the loss of agricultural surpluses, and conserve food for year-round consumption. It discusses the basic rules of food drying and gives an overview of various methods and appropriate dryer constructions. It also provides detailed explanations on how to process vegetables, fruits, and meats and gives advice on storage and cooking.

Not Available

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

List of contents 2010 1. Introduction; historic review; brief re-wrap of thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, superheated vapour table 3. Absorption, gas expansion and thermo-electric refrigeration cycles 3.1 Absorption.7 Hydrogen 6. Food freezing and cooling 6.1 Thermal properties of food 6.2 Fruits and vegetables 6.3 Meats 6.4 Equipment 6.5 Ice-making 7. Air-conditioning, cooling towers 7.1 Humid air 7.2 The psychrometric chart 7

Zevenhoven, Ron

317

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fruit Battery and Current Fruit Battery and Current Name: Rahil Status: student Grade: 4-5 Location: MN Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Hello, I am a 5th grade student and doing "Fruit Battery" experiment for my science fair. My question is "What produce requires the least amount (in mass) to make a battery that lasts the longest?" I set up trials using potato, apple, orange and lemon. For all these produces when I created the first voltaic cell and measured the open and closed circuit voltages using multimeter, they were same, I am using 2.6V LED to light up which has no resistance. I also did not use any other external resistor. After adding 2nd voltaic cell to the circuit in series, the open and closed voltages differ by some amount. I want to know the reason behind the difference in the open and closed circuit voltages when there is more than one voltaic cell.. Also I tried to measure the current but it always started with one value and kept going down and never got stabilized at one value. May I know the reason for this as well?

318

Kitchen Botany  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kitchen Botany Kitchen Botany Nature Bulletin No. 684 September 8, 1962 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist KITCHEN BOTANY The corner grocery store and the local fruit stand offer a variety of plant materials that can be grown and studied in the schoolroom or laboratory. At any time of year, fruit seeds and root vegetables of many kinds can be made to germinate, take root and thrive indoors. In addition to those from the orchards, home gardens and truck farms of this region, it is possible to grow seedlings of a number of tropical fruits. Most of the contents of this bulletin are taken from a recent article by Blair Coursen, published in Turtox News. A few simple supplies including flower pots, boxes or trays of garden soil are the only equipment needed. A school terrarium or leaky aquarium can be used to advantage. A good hand lens or microscope, though not essential, can show some of the finer details of roots, stems, leaves and developing seeds not visible to the naked eye.

319

Wild Cherries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cherries Cherries Nature Bulletin No. 201-A October 9, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WILD CHERRIES This is a year of bountiful harvests, rewarding the labor of the farmer and the gardener, and also producing an abundance of wild fruits which may be had for the picking. In our forest preserves, all wild fruits have been unusually large, juicy and full of flavor -- strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, currants, gooseberries, elderberries, grapes, plums, haws, crabapples and cherries. To some of us, the last is the tastiest of them all and, a month ago, the outer twigs of the wild cherry trees were drooping with heavy clusters of this fruit. The familiar Wild Black Cherry is the only one of the four kinds of wild cherries found in this region which grows to be a large forest tree widespread throughout the eastern half of North America. Its reddish- brown close-grained wood, strong and rather hard, takes a satiny finish and compares favorably with mahogany. It is highly prized for fine cabinet work and some of our most beautiful pieces of antique furniture from colonial and pioneer times were made of wild cherry.

320

Effect of electron beam irradiation on quality and shelf-life of Tommy Atkins mango (Mangifera indica l.) and blueberry (Vaccinium corymbsum l.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main goal of this research was to determine the feasibility of using electron beam irradiation as an alternative disinfestation technology while preserving the overall quality of mangoes, and to verify its suitability for the preservation shelf life of blueberries. Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of the fruits were evaluated. Mangoes were irradiated at 1.0, 1.5 and 3.1 kGy using a 10MeV (10 kW) linear accelerator (LINAC) with double beam fixture. Samples were stored at 12?ºC and 62.7% RH for 21 days. Blueberries packed in plastic clamshell containers were irradiated at 1.1, 1.6 and 3.2 kGy doses using the same linear accelerator with a single beam. The shelf life of the berries stored at 5?ºC and 70.4% RH was evaluated for 14 days. The firmness of mangoes irradiated at 1.5 and 3.1 kGy significantly (p > 0.05) decreased during storage. There was a reduction of total sugars (8.1% and 14.1%) in samples irradiated at 1.0 kGy and 1.5 kGy, respectively. All irradiated mangoes had significantly lower (50- 70 %) ascorbic acid content throughout storage. The phenolic compounds increased in samples irradiated at 1.5 kGy (27.4%) and 3.1 kGy) (18.3%). Sensory evaluation of the fruits irradiated with 3.1 kGy showed significantly less acceptability for overall quality, color, texture and aroma. Irradiation of blueberries at 1.1 kGy had no significant (p > 0.05) effect on the fruits' physicochemical characteristics with the exception of ascorbic acid which decreased by 17% after 14 days. A significant decrease in texture (firmness) of irradiated berries was observed during storage time. Total sugars decreased in all irradiated fruits while total phenolics and tannins increased (10 -20%). Sensory attributes of samples irradiated with 1.1 kGy and 1.6 kGy were found acceptable by the panelists. The high dose-treated fruits were considered unacceptable. The results from this research suggest that a 1.5 kGy is the best treatment to maintain the quality attributes of mangoes and increase the shelf life by three days. The electron beam irradiation of packed blueberries at doses of 1.1 and 1.6 kGy ensures and enhances the quality and the shelf life of blueberries up to 14 days.

Moreno Tinjaca, Maria Alexandra

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

How Spineless Prickly Pear Cactus Utilize Selenium  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

How Spineless Prickly Pear Cactus How Spineless Prickly Pear Cactus Utilize Selenium How Spineless Prickly Pear Cactus Utilize Selenium Print Monday, 12 March 2012 13:50 Due to drought and limited freshwater supplies, the increased accumulation of naturally occurring salts, boron (B), and selenium (Se) has worsened in some agricultural areas, such as in the west side of the San Joaquin Valley, California. Growing Se-biofortified crops is an emerging method for utilizing these "semiretired lands" because the nutraceutical benefits of enhancing organic Se, an essential micronutrient in crops, is concomitant with the phytoremediation of inorganic Se pollutants. Researchers from the U.S. Department of Agriculture used ALS Beamline 10.3.2 to study the chemical forms and distribution of Se in the attractive alternative crop Opuntia ficus-indica, an edible spineless prickly pear cactus that tolerates both drought and adverse saline- and B-impacted soil conditions while accumulating and volatilizing organic Se. Micro x-ray fluorescence (mXRF) mapping showed Se concentrated in the tips of the plant's cladodes (edible pads), cladode vasculature, and seed embryos. Se K-edge x-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy demonstrated that >90% of total Se in cladodes, fruit juice, fruit pulp, and seeds is in organic form (C-Se-C). Cladode tips contain both inorganic selenate (SeO42-) and C-Se-C. Enzymatic digestion confirmed that Se was mainly present in a "free," non-proteinaceous form inside cladode and fruit, whereas in the seed, Se was incorporated into proteins associated with lipids.

322

Peanuts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peanuts Peanuts Nature Bulletin No. 254-A January 28, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation PEANUTS Most folks think of peanuts as little roasted nuts they buy to toss at elephants and monkeys in a zoo, feed squirrels and pigeons in a park, or munch contentedly, themselves, at a circus or a ball game. Actually, a peanut is not a nut. It is a seed or fruit, like a bean or pea, and one of the few true fruits found underground: the fruit of a remarkable plant that buries its own seed. Down south they are called "goobers". Elsewhere, in many languages, they are known as monkey nuts, ground nuts or earth nuts. The ancient pre-Incan races of Peru obtained the plant from Brazil and developed many varieties similar to the 20 or more grown today. These are pictured on the earliest specimens of Peruvian pottery and have been found, still edible, in jars beside mummies in their tombs. Magellan, in 1519, took peanuts from Peru to Asia. The Spaniards introduced them into Mexico and Europe. The Portuguese slave-traders planted them in Africa to feed their black cargoes, and from there the peanut was brought to colonial Virginia, where they were known as "pindars". It has become a major crop in our southern and southwestern states, and in the warmer portions of China, India, the East Indies, Mexico, Central and South America, Africa and Europe. Like corn, the peanut is one of the vital foods America gave the world.

323

RSE Table 4.1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 4.1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 4.1;" 1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 4.1;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " " "," " "NAICS"," "," ",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural","LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","Gas(d)","NGL(e)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(f)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",4,5,25,20,5,27,6,0,17 311221," Wet Corn Milling",1,0,0,1,3,0,0,0,0 31131," Sugar ",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 311421," Fruit and Vegetable Canning",8,11,46,45,8,57,0,0,3

324

RSE Table 7.6 Relative Standard Errors for Table 7.6  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Relative Standard Errors for Table 7.6;" 6 Relative Standard Errors for Table 7.6;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " " "," ",,,,,,,,," " "NAICS"," "," ",,"Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"Coke" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(e)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",4,5,25,20,5,27,6,0,20 311221," Wet Corn Milling",1,0,0,1,3,0,0,0,0 31131," Sugar ",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 311421," Fruit and Vegetable Canning",8,11,42,45,8,57,0,0,4

325

AEROSOL PARTICLE COLLECTOR DESIGN STUDY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A computational evaluation of a particle collector design was performed to evaluate the behavior of aerosol particles in a fast flowing gas stream. The objective of the work was to improve the collection efficiency of the device while maintaining a minimum specified air throughput, nominal collector size, and minimal power requirements. The impact of a range of parameters was considered subject to constraints on gas flow rate, overall collector dimensions, and power limitations. Potential improvements were identified, some of which have already been implemented. Other more complex changes were identified and are described here for further consideration. In addition, fruitful areas for further study are proposed.

Lee, S; Richard Dimenna, R

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

326

B Lifetimes and Mixing  

SciTech Connect

The Tevatron experiments, CDF and D0, have produced a wealth of new B-physics results since the start of Run II in 2001. We've observed new B-hadrons, seen new effects, and increased many-fold the precision with which we know the properties of b-quark systems. In these proceedings, we will discuss two of the most fruitful areas in the Tevatron B-physics program: lifetimes and mixing. We'll examine the experimental issues driving these analyses, present a summary of the latest results, and discuss prospects for the future.

Evans, Harold G.; /Indiana U.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

"NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.1;" 1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 6.1;" " Unit: Percents." ,,,,"Consumption" ,,,"Consumption","per Dollar" ,,"Consumption","per Dollar","of Value" "NAICS",,"per Employee","of Value Added","of Shipments" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","(million Btu)","(thousand Btu)","(thousand Btu)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",3.8,4.3,4.1 3112," Grain and Oilseed Milling",8.2,5.8,5.6 311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,0 31131," Sugar Manufacturing",0,0,0 3114," Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods ",7.3,6.7,6.2

328

RSE Table 2.1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 2.1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 2.1;" 2.1 Relative Standard Errors for Table 2.1;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " " "," " "NAICS"," "," ","Residual","Distillate","Natural ","LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Total","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(e)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",31,0,91,35,0,0,0,47 311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 31131," Sugar ",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 311421," Fruit and Vegetable Canning",1,0,0,0,0,0,0,8

329

3219," Other Wood Products",0,0,0  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Relative Standard Errors for Table 11.5;" 5 Relative Standard Errors for Table 11.5;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " " "," ","Total of" "NAICS"," ","Sales and","Utility","Nonutility" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Transfers Offsite","Purchaser(b)","Purchaser(c)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",25,34,35 311221," Wet Corn Milling",29,40,7 31131," Sugar ",0,0,0 311421," Fruit and Vegetable Canning",0,0,0 312,"Beverage and Tobacco Products",0,0,0 3121," Beverages",0,0,0 3122," Tobacco ",0,0,0 313,"Textile Mills",3,0,52

330

311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,"X",0  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 11.3;" 3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 11.3;" " Unit: Percents." " "," ",,,"Renewable Energy" " "," ",,,"(excluding Wood" "NAICS"," ","Total Onsite",,"and" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Generation","Cogeneration(b)","Other Biomass)(c)","Other(d)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",2.8,1.1,86.8,37.8 3112," Grain and Oilseed Milling",0.7,0.7,"X",0 311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,"X",0 31131," Sugar Manufacturing",0,0,"X",0 3114," Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods ",1.2,1.2,"X",44.1

331

The Secretary of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DC 20585 DC 20585 Secretarial Policy Statement on Technology Transfer at DOE Facilities Introduction Through strategic investments in science and technology, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) helps power and secure America's future. DOE's capabilities, and the innovations it supports, help ensure the country's role as a leader in science and technology. In particular, technology transfer supports the maturation and deployment of DOE discoveries, providing ongoing economic, security and environmental benefits for all Americans. This Policy Statement will guide, strengthen, and highlight the importance of the Department's technology transfer efforts. By ensuring the fullest use of the fruits of federal investment in research and development, technology transfer supports DOE's

332

Timing, ``Accidentals'' and Other Artifacts in EPR Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subtraction of ``accidentals'' in Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiments frequently changes results compatible with local realism into ones that appear to demonstrate non-locality. The validity of the procedure depends on the unproven assumption of the independence of emission events. Other possible sources of bias include enhancement, imperfect synchronisation, over-reliance on rotational invariance, and the well-known detection loophole. Investigation of existing results may be more fruitful than attempts at loophole-free Bell tests, improving our understanding of light.

Caroline H. Thompson

1997-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

333

Timing and Other Artifacts in EPR Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Re-evaluation of the evidence (some of it unpublished) shows that experimenters conducting Einstein-Podolsky-Bohm (EPR) experiments may have been deceived by various pre-conceptions and artifacts. False or unproven assumptions were made regarding, in some cases, fair sampling, in others timing, accidental coincidences and enhancement. Realist possibilities, assuming a purely wave model of light, are presented heuristically, and suggestions given for fruitful lines of research. Quantum Mechanics can be proved false, but Bell tests have turned out to be unsuitable for the task.

Caroline H. Thompson

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

334

Toroidal Precession as a Geometric Phase  

SciTech Connect

Toroidal precession is commonly understood as the orbit-averaged toroidal drift of guiding centers in axisymmetric and quasisymmetric configurations. We give a new, more natural description of precession as a geometric phase effect. In particular, we show that the precession angle arises as the holonomy of a guiding center's poloidal trajectory relative to a principal connection. The fact that this description is physically appropriate is borne out with new, manifestly coordinate-independent expressions for the precession angle that apply to all types of orbits in tokamaks and quasisymmetric stellarators alike. We then describe how these expressions may be fruitfully employed in numerical calculations of precession.

J.W. Burby and H. Qin

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

335

Maintain HCUs on-line, shorten refueling outages  

SciTech Connect

This article examines how removing maintenance of hydraulic control units from the outage scope lets the outage focus available resources on critical-path items, saving significant time and money and enhancing capacity factors. Because of their cost impact, refueling outages are a prime focus of efforts to improve the competitive operation of nuclear powerplants. An approach drawing wide interest is reducing the outage work scope by performing on-line key tasks normally consigned to refueling outages. applying this approach to maintenance of hydraulic control units (HCUs) on boiling-water reactors (BWRs) can be extremely fruitful.

Bell, T.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Lokaratna, Volume 5 and 6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and eaten by the community. Sometimes they allow their livestock to eat mahua. The fruits of Mahua are processed and oil is extracted which are being used to prepare cake in different festival. Mahua leaves are used in the Nuakhai in many of the family... , keu, paalua, banji from bamboo, kusur kanda, karanj and Neem oil, sal leaf etc. Jhuna is an important forest produce without which there cant be worship of deity. In Dalit community another important activity is performed i.e. just before burial...

Mishra, Mahendra Kumar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Coiffe de pandit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

symbolise la ligne ininterrompue des accomplissements raliss sur la base de ces mmes enseignements. Ainsi, ce chapeau symbolise tous les dharma de la voie et du fruit sans exception. Il est dit dans les traits que cette couronne (cod pa#3;) est pour... couleur du chapeau a t change de rouge en jaune. Dung dkar Blo bzang phrin las explique ainsi cette filiation dans la dfinition quil donne de lexpression cod pan gser zhun mdzes pai bstan pa 41 : Dans quelques ouvrages historiographiques...

Bock, Etienne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Wildlife reintroduction: considerations of habitat quality at the release site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

two pairs of gibbon with a total carrying capacity of 2.520 gibbons/km2 and group sizes of 1.53.5 individuals. The island should reach car- rying capacity no later than the F2 generation, thus the off- spring will need to be translocated to a larger... . Mather R: A field study of hybrid gibbons in Central Kaliman- tan, Indonesia. University of Cambridge.; 1992. 17. Zhang SY, Wang LX: Comparison of three fruit census methods in French Guiana. Journal of Tropical Ecology 1995, 11(281-294):. 18...

Cheyne, Susan M

2006-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

339

Protocol for the modeling the epidemiologic transition study: a longitudinal observational study of energy balance and change in body weight, diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and carbon dioxide were continuously sampled during the procedure and minute- by-minute consumption and production values were cal- culated; EE was calculated according to the modified Weir equation [41]. Physical Activity by Questionnaire All participants... and protein), as well as indicators of intake of processed foods (e.g., # of swee- tened beverages, pre-packaged foods and restaurant fast foods per day) and of intake of fruits, vegetables, as well as site-specific commonly eaten foods. While we recog- nize...

Luke, Amy; Bovet, Pascal; Forrester, Terrence E; Lambert, Estelle V; Plange-Rhule, Jacob; Schoeller, Dale A; Dugas, Lara R; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A; Shoham, David; Cooper, Richard S; Brage, Soren; Ekelund, Ulf; Steyn, Nelia

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

340

University of Cambridge - Website for dying languages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- especially purple - fruit and vegetables, as well as green tea, are excellent sources of chemicals that convert the iron into a harmless form. Newcastle University - Beer mat chat-up lines Who says time spent in the campus bar is time wasted? A group... , will also aim to be the first carbon-neutral laboratory. Earlier this year Nottingham and GSK also launched an undergraduate module that will give students experience of work in the pharmaceutical industry. University of Exeter/University College Falmouth...

Anon.

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Task-Oriented Maximally Entangled States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the notion of a task-oriented maximally entangled state (TMES). This notion depends on the tasks for which a quantum state is used as the resource. This concept may be more fruitful than that of a general maximally entangled state in the case of a multipartite system. We illustrate this idea by giving an operational definition of maximally entangled states on the basis of communication tasks of teleportation and superdense coding. We also give examples and a procedure to obtain such TMESs for {\\em n}-qubit systems.

Pankaj Agrawal; B. Pradhan

2007-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

342

Numerical and experimental modelling of microwave applicators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

area of use is for the processing of food, the tempering of fruit, meat, fish and dairy produce, for the heating and cooking of meals and for sterilisation and pasteurisation. The domestic microwave oven is now a common household appliance throughout... the world and many food producers are turning to microwave heating as a means of achieving the high quality products demanded by todays consumers. The sizes of these systems can range from a few hundred watts for a domestic oven to over 250 kilowatts for a...

Dibben, David

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

343

Simulations of turbulent swirl combustors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) for welcoming me in his CFD team in Derby and for making my stay in Derby a fruitful one, even though the work I conducted there could not be included in this thesis. I also wish to express my gratitude to the European Commission for its financial support... pressure refers to the mean pressure, while in Fig. (b) the term R.M.S refers to the R.M.S of the pressure. Figures from Ref. [112]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 2.5 Links between different quantities in typical gas turbine...

Ayache, Simon Victor

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

344

Profiles in garbage: Polyethylene terephthalate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a plastic resin used primarily to make bottles. Soft drinks -- along with salad dressing, fruit juices, peanut butter, and other household and consumer products -- use PET bottles. PET also is used for film, sheeting for cups and food trays, oven-safe trays, and other uses. PET is a relatively new packaging resin, first commercialized in the early 1970s. Because it is an ``engineered`` resin, PET is more expensive than commodity resins such as high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and, for the same reason, it is usually the highest valued plastic recyclable.

Miller, C. [Environmental Industry Associations, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Phase 2 of the automated array assembly task of the Low-Cost Silicon Solar Array Project. Annual report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents the results of investigations and analyses of an advanced process sequence for manufacturing high efficiency solar cells and modules in a cost-effective manner. The entire process sequence is presented and discussed step by step. Emphasis is on process simplicity and minimizing consumed materials. The process sequence incorporates texture etching, plasma processes for damage removal and patterning, ion implantation, low pressure silicon nitride deposition, and plated metal. A reliable module design is presented. Specific process step developments are presnted. Further, a detailed cost analysis has been performed to indicate future areas of fruitful cost reduction effort. Finally, recommendations for advanced investigations are presented.

Coleman, M.G.; Grenon, L.P.; Pastirik, E.M.; Pryor, R.A.; Sparks, T.G.

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Distillation: Present Status and Future Directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distillation will undoubtedly continue to be the most-used method for separating liquid mixtures, at any scale of operation. For this reason, and also because of its recognized energy intensiveness, distillation commands continued scrutiny with respect to cost-effective improvements. In this paper, the authors suggest fruitful areas of research that can lead to lower cost distillation separations. The areas of research are classified under the headings of phase equilibrium, material and energy balances, mass transfer efficiencies, equipment design, and system energy consumption. For each of the categories, a summary is given of the present status of the technology as well as directions that improvement-type investigations might take.

Fair, J. R.; Humphrey, J. L.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Hawthorns and Crabapples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hawthorns and Crabapples Hawthorns and Crabapples Nature Bulletin No. 153 May 1, 1948 Forest Preserve District of Cook County William N. Erickson, President Roberts Mann, Supt of Conservation HAWTHORNS AND CRABAPPLES The wild crabapple and the hawthorn are small trees; pioneers of the open woodlands, forest edges, sunny pastures, roadsides and fence rows. One of the peculiarities of the Chicago region is the manner in which the hawthorns, their seeds distributed largely by birds, will march across abandoned fields and take possession. Undisturbed by ax or fire, in twenty years there will be an almost impenetrable thicket from 10 to 20 feet in height. Crabapples and some species of hawthorns look much alike but the leaves are different and the crab has no thorns on its twigs. Its fragrant 5-petalled blossoms are pink or rose-tinged, and its fruit is a small greenish sour apple. The hawthorns have sharp thorns, white 5- petalled blossoms with a rather unpleasant fragrance, and its fruits, or "haws", are small, round, mealy-fleshed and varying In color from brilliant scarlet to dull dotted red or yellow -- according to the species.

348

Deciduous Trees in Florida  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deciduous Trees in Florida Deciduous Trees in Florida Name: Joanne Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Do peach trees loose there leaves in winter in Florida? Replies: Taylor Peach trees are deciduous, so yes, they lose their leaves: http://www.ehow.com/facts_7021010_information-deciduous-fruit-trees-florida.html Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Harvard University Herbaria c/o Missouri Botanical Garden This depends on the latitude. South of Immokalee, peach trees could stay evergreen year-round. However, they also will not bear fruit because a "chilling period" is needed to prime the tree for production in the spring. It simply doesn't get cool enough to pull this physiological trigger. Otherwise, a tree should drop its leaves in preparation for winter dormancy. If the early winter has been unseasonably warm and the trees have not dropped their leaves by mid-December, then a zinc sulfate solution can be applied to artificially induce defoliation.

349

SRS Environmental Reports for 2003  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

environmental reports 2003 Savannah River Site home srs environmental report - 2003 srs environmental data - 2003 soil & groundwater closure projects solid waste & infrastructure savannah river ecology laboratory high-level waste disposition site decommissioning & demolition USDA forest service - savannah river srs maps - 2003 savannah river site part of blue river space environmental reports 2003 Savannah River Site home srs environmental report - 2003 srs environmental data - 2003 soil & groundwater closure projects solid waste & infrastructure savannah river ecology laboratory high-level waste disposition site decommissioning & demolition USDA forest service - savannah river srs maps - 2003 savannah river site part of blue river space The Sycamore Tree The leaves and fruit of a fallen sycamore tree (Platanus occidentalis) dangle over the Savannah River as it flows along the southwestern border of the Savannah River Site. The sycamore can live for 500 to 600 years and reach a diameter greater than that of any other North American hardwood species. It grows in all states east of the Great Plains except Minnesota. Commonly found along streams and bottomlands, it frequently is planted as a shade tree because of its rapid growth; its distinctive, white, exfoliating bark; and its broad, dense crown. The fruit breaks apart during winter, producing an average of 200,000 seeds per pound.

350

Micro-scale anaerobic digestion of point source components of organic fraction of municipal solid waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fermentation characteristics of six specific types of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) were examined, with an emphasis on properties that are needed when designing plug-flow type anaerobic bioreactors. More specifically, the decomposition patterns of a vegetable (cabbage), fruits (banana and citrus peels), fresh leaf litter of bamboo and teak leaves, and paper (newsprint) waste streams as feedstocks were studied. Individual OFMSW components were placed into nylon mesh bags and subjected to various fermentation periods (solids retention time, SRT) within the inlet of a functioning plug-flow biogas fermentor. These were removed at periodic intervals, and their composition was analyzed to monitor decomposition rates and changes in chemical composition. Components like cabbage waste, banana peels, and orange peels fermented rapidly both in a plug-flow biogas reactor (PFBR) as well as under a biological methane potential (BMP) assay, while other OFMSW components (leaf litter from bamboo and teak leaves and newsprint) fermented slowly with poor process stability and moderate biodegradation. For fruit and vegetable wastes (FVW), a rapid and efficient removal of pectins is the main cause of rapid disintegration of these feedstocks, which left behind very little compost forming residues (2-5%). Teak and bamboo leaves and newsprint decomposed only to 25-50% in 30 d. These results confirm the potential for volatile fatty acids accumulation in a PFBR's inlet and suggest a modification of the inlet zone or operation of a PFBR with the above feedstocks.

Chanakya, H.N. [Centre for Sustainable Technologies, (formerly ASTRA), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)], E-mail: chanakya@astra.iisc.ernet.in; Sharma, Isha [Centre for Sustainable Technologies, (formerly ASTRA), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India); Ramachandra, T.V. [Centre for Sustainable Technologies, (formerly ASTRA), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India); Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Potential value of Cs-137 capsules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We determined the value of Cs-137 compared to Co-60 as a source for the irradiation of fruit (apples and cherries), pork and medical supplies. Cs-137, in the WESF capsule form, had a value of approximately $0.40/Ci as a substitute for Co-60 priced at approximately $1.00/Ci. The comparison was based on the available curies emitted from the surface of each capsule. We developed preliminary designs for fourteen irradiation facilities; seven were based on Co-60 and seven were based on Cs-137. These designs provided the basis for estimating capital and operating costs which, in turn, provided the basis for determining the value of Cs-137 relative to Co-60 in these applications. We evaluated the effect of the size of the irradiation facility on the value of Cs-137. The cost of irradiation is low compared to the value of the product. Irradiation of apples for disinfestation costs $.01 to .02 per pound. Irradiation for trichina-safe pork costs $.02 per pound. Irradiation of medical supplies for sterilization costs $.07 to .12 per pound. The cost of the irradiation source, either Co-60 or Cs-137, contributed only a minor amount to the total cost of irradiation, about 5% for the fruit and hog cases and about 20% for the medical supply cases. We analyzed the sensitivity of the irradiation costs and Cs-137 value to several key assumptions.

Bloomster, C.H.; Brown, D.R.; Bruno, G.A.; Hazelton, R.F.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lezberg, A.J.; Tingey, G.L.; Wilfert, G.L.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Report DRAFT: TESTS INDICATE OLIVE OIL LABELED AS EXTRA VIRGIN OFTEN FAILS INTERNATIONAL AND U.S. STANDARDS Microbiological Food Safety of Olive Oil: A Review of the Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Safety and Security at UC Davis. She works on various research and outreach projects, with an emphasis in tree nuts. She also coordinates with UC Food Safety and the Center for Produce Safety at UC Davis, including maintaining information on publications, outbreaks and recalls on the UC Food Safety website. Dr. Linda J. Harris Dr. Harris is a specialist in UC Cooperative Extension and the Associate Director of the Western Institute for Food Safety and Security at UC Davis. Dr. Harriss research focuses on microbial food safety,emphasizing the microbiology of fresh fruits and vegetables and tree nuts. She develops and validates standard microbiological methods and uses these methods to evaluate the behavior of food borne pathogens on fruits, vegetables and tree nuts under different storage and processing conditions. She uses these methods to evaluate antimicrobial treatments including various sanitizers and thermal processes for their efficacy in reducing microbial populations on various cut and intact produce and tree nut surfaces. She is the co-host of the UC Food Safety website. The UC Davis Olive Center is the only academic center of its kind in North America, a leader in education and research on olive growing and processing. Learn more at www.olivecenter.ucdavis.edu and on Facebook. CONTENTS

Mary Palumbo; Linda J. Harris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The effect of methylsulfonylmethane on the experimental colitis in the rat  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM), naturally occurring in green plants, fruits and vegetables, has been shown to exert anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. MSM is an organosulfur compound and a normal oxidative metabolite of dimethyl sulfoxide. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of MSM in a rat model of experimental colitis. Colitis was induced by intracolonic instillation of 1 ml of 5% of acetic acid. Rats were treated with MSM (400 mg/kg/day, orally) for 4 days. Animals were euthanized and distal colon evaluated histologically and biochemically. Tissue samples were used to measurement of malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH) and proinflammatory cytokine (TNF-{alpha} and IL-1{beta}) levels. Results showed that MSM decreased macroscopic and microscopic colonic damage scores caused by administration of acetic acid. MSM treatment also significantly reduced colonic levels of MDA, MPO and IL-1{beta}, while increased the levels of GSH and CAT compared with acetic acid-induced colitis group. It seems that MSM as a natural product may have a protective effect in an experimental ulcerative colitis. - Research Highlights: > Methylsulfonylmethane occurs naturally in some green plants, fruits and vegetables. > Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. > We evaluated the effects of MSM in a rat model of experimental ulcerative colitis. > MSM has protective effect against acetic acid-induced colitis in rat.

Amirshahrokhi, K., E-mail: k.amirshahrokhi@arums.ac.ir [Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 56197, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Bohlooli, S. [Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 56197, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Chinifroush, M.M. [Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Summer cover crops and soil amendments to improve growth and nutrient uptake of okra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pot experiment with summer cover crops and soil amendments was conducted in two consecutive years to elucidate the effects of these cover crops and soil amendments on 'Clemson Spineless 80' okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) yields and biomass production, and the uptake and distribution of soil nutrients and trace elements. The cover crops were sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), velvetbean (Mucuna deeringiana), and sorghum sudan-grass (Sorghum bicolor x S. bicolor var. sudanense) with fallow as the control. The organic soil amendments were biosolids (sediment from wastewater plants), N-Viro Soil (a mixture of biosolids and coal ash), coal ash (a combustion by-product from power plants), co-compost (a mixture of 3 biosolids: 7 yard waste), and yard waste compost (mainly from leaves and branches of trees and shrubs, and grass clippings) with a soil-incorporated cover crop as the control. As a subsequent vegetable crop, okra was grown after the cover crops, alone or together with the organic soil amendments, had been incorporated. All of the cover crops, except sorghum sudangrass in 2002-03, significantly improved okra fruit yields and the total biomass production. Both cover crops and soil amendments can substantially improve nutrient uptake and distribution. The results suggest that cover crops and appropriate amounts of soil amendments can be used to improve soil fertility and okra yield without adverse environmental effects or risk of contamination of the fruit. Further field studies will be required to confirm these findings.

Wang, Q.R.; Li, Y.C.; Klassen, W. [University of Florida, Homestead, FL (United States). Center for Tropical Research & Education

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Investigating Childhood Overweight and Obesity in Rural Settings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Childrens risk for overweight and obesity is particularly high in rural areas of the United States. Many health, psychosocial, and economic consequences are associated with childhood overweight and obesity, which concerns health researchers and professionals. But how and why might rural children be more at risk for being overweight and obese? This dissertation investigates childhood overweight and obesity in rural settings through three separate studies. First, a systematic literature review was conducted to identify determinants and mechanisms of childhood obesity-related behaviors that are specific to rural locations. The findings from the review show that lack of health resources and poverty within the rural environment may impact childrens social environment and individual factors. However, results are inconclusive and there continues to be a lack of studies focusing on linking environmental influence with individual factors. Second, a meta-analysis of current research evidence was conducted to assess the efficacy of rural interventions designed to reduce childhood overweight and obesity. Results showed that interventions have been efficacious yet modest, with a mean effect size of 0.18. Moderating variables were also examined. Mean intervention effect size was moderated by childrens age and intervention duration. Last, secondary data were used to examine the association between rural food stores and availability and affordability of fresh fruits and vegetables. A multilevel analytical approach was used to determine if rural location was associated with availability and affordability of fresh fruits and vegetables. After controlling for other variables, results showed that rural location was not associated with fruit and vegetable availability and affordability. The findings from this dissertation suggest that the area of rural childhood overweight and obesity remains understudied. More research is needed in order to understand the mechanisms of social ecological influences on diet, physical activity, and childhood overweight and obesity. This area of research, however, is rife with opportunities for public health education and promotion. Public health educators can help promote and advocate for environmental conditions that support healthy lifestyles.

Serrano, Katrina 1983-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Terebinth resin in antiquity: possible uses in the Late Bronze Age Aegean region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The remains of an estimated one metric ton of terebinth resin, the yellowish, semi-fluid, aromatic resin of a Pistacia tree, were recently discovered on the Late Bronze Age shipwreck site at Uluburun, Turkey. The resin was carried in an estimated 130 Canaanite amphoras, as part of a rich and diverse cargo that included eleven metric tons of copper and tin, as well as other raw materials, tools, weapons and luxury goods on a ship journeying to some destination west or south of Uluburun. This is the largest single deposit of terebinth resin from antiquity ever found, and the first to be identified by modern analytical methods. The botanical origin of the resin is thought to be Pistacia atlantica, but the Pistacia genus includes many resin-producing trees, all of which have been well known and economically important from ancient times to the present. The sources and characteristics of modern terebinth resin are described, followed by a discussion of Pistacia trees and their many products--resin, fruits, leaves, bark, wood and galls. Some possible uses of terebinth resin in the Late Bronze Aegean region are then explored, as this area is likely to have been one of the intended destinations of the Uluburun ship. A discussion of the accepted translation of the Linear B word ki-ta-no as the fruits of the terebinth tree demonstrates that the word might refer to any of the products of the terebinth tree, not only fruits or, as was suggested after the discovery of the Uluburun cargo, resin. The ideogram *123 usually associated with ki-ta-no indicates a dry good, and is often considered to signify an "aromatic"; all products of the terebinth tree can be characterized as dry goods, and all have aromatic and astringent properties. The evidence for the use of terebinth resin in the perfumed oil industry and as incense in Late Bronze Age Greece is then briefly surveyed. The Late Bronze Age evidence from the Aegean region is scanty, but parallels from other regions and later periods allow the tentative conclusion that terebinth resin might have been used for both of these purposes. Confirmation requires discovery and analysis of residues.

Peachey, Claire Patricia

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Beyond Salad: How to Save Energy in the Kitchen During the Summer |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beyond Salad: How to Save Energy in the Kitchen During the Summer Beyond Salad: How to Save Energy in the Kitchen During the Summer Beyond Salad: How to Save Energy in the Kitchen During the Summer August 16, 2010 - 10:51am Addthis Andrea Spikes Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory One day I ordered pizza delivery. Another day, I went out to eat (well, several days actually). Yet another day found me trolling the produce and canned veggie & fruit aisles of the supermarket to assemble an interesting salad. But sooner or later, I want to cook food: real food, in my home, made from scratch, using natural ingredients the way I prefer. Even when it's blistering hot outside, sometimes I still crave a good hot meal. But what's a home cook to do when you finally get tired of grilling but loathe the idea of turning on the oven? Well, there are some simple,

358

Originally Released: August 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

August 2009 August 2009 Revised: October 2009 Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 3.5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Waste Blast Pulping Liquor Oils/Tars NAICS Furnace/Coke Petroleum or Wood Chips, and Waste Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Oven Gases Waste Gas Coke Black Liquor Bark Materials Total United States 311 Food 10 0 3 0 0 7 Q 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 7 0 1 0 0 6 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling 5 0 * 0 0 4 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food Q 0 * 0 0 0 Q 3115 Dairy Product * 0 * 0 0 0 0 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 1 0 1 0 0 * * 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products

359

Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Resources with Additional Information Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner CT Scanner - Courtesy Stanford University Department of Energy Resources Engineering Computed tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) have been used to resolve industrial problems, for materials characterizations, and to provide non-destructive evaluations for discovering flaws in parts before their use, resulting in greater reliability and greater safety for workers; to identify the presence and facilitate the recovery/extraction of oil, water, coal, and/or gas; and to provide non-destructive testing and quality control of fresh fruits and vegetables, enhancing the safety of food. These benefits of non-medical uses of CT and NMR contribute to the economy and improve people's lives.

360

Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hearing the Highest Pitches Hearing the Highest Pitches Unveiling the Secrets of Nanoparticle Haloing A Fruit-Fly Protein that Captures Tumor Growth Factors A Protein that Repairs Damage to Cancer Cells An X-ray Vortex on the Horizon? Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure JULY 16, 2008 Bookmark and Share The overall structure of the PAC -PB1 N complex. The structure is colored according to secondary structure and elements are labeled. Helices are shown as cylinders and are red in the brain domain and blue in the mouth domain; strands are yellow and loops are green. The PB1 N peptide is

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361

Sexual Vines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sexual Vines Sexual Vines Name: Terry Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I purchased two celastrus scanden vines two years ago; they have grown enormously but have not produced the berries I wanted for my winter garden. I have either two males or two females I suppose. Both produced very tiny tiny sprays of flowers ... how do I tell if these are male or female? I am trying to avoid the expense of buying another set of male and female plants. Your help will be appreciated. Replies: Dear Terry, Both male and female vines need to be grown if fruit is desired. The following may be helpful: http://www.msue.msu.edu/msue/imp/modop/00000311.html http://www.bbg.org/NYMF/encyclopedia/cel/cel0030a.htm http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/depts/hort/consumer/poison/Celassc.htm http://www.fw.vt.edu/dendro/dendrology/syllabus/celastrusspp.htm

362

CX-005412: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

12: Categorical Exclusion Determination 12: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-005412: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program Passive Solar Hoophouse Implementation CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 03/16/2011 Location(s): Michigan Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office The Michigan Department of Energy, Labor and Economic Growth is proposing to use State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding for the implementation of approximately 20 passive solar greenhouses (i.e. hoop houses) to increase locally grown fruit and vegetable production in Michigan. The funding will be used for the purchase of materials and supplies to construct passive solar systems (hoop houses). These structures, by definition, are semi-permanent, temporary or movable.

363

Balanced diet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Balanced diet Balanced diet Name: Wildman Jackson Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I have seen on cereal boxes that 1 serving gives about 4-8% of some important vitamins. With a good diet (milk, vegetables, breads) am I getting 100% of all necessary vitamins every day? Should I really be concerned about vitamins like Zinc, Copper, etc.? I'm a male, so take that into consideration. Thanks. Replies: If you are indeed eating a well balanced diet, heavy on the fruits, veggies and cereals, you're probably getting the vitamins you need. The minerals (zinc, copper, etc) are also probably in your diet naturally. Different foods contain different nutrients; the catch is to be certain that you're getting enough variety. Especially during this time in your life when you're very actively growing, you need lots of things to be replenished regularly.

364

Home Energy Saver  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Roadmap to Results Roadmap to Results Ease into the process of making your home more efficient. If you're new to this, or you're on a very tight budget, start with the lowest-hanging fruit like double-checking your water heater's temperature setting. The next easy steps are simple things that will fit into your shopping basket: maybe a few compact fluorescent lamps or a roll of weatherstripping. When it's time to replace that old fridge, or other appliances, take time to shop smart. At a minimum, look for the ENERGY STAR rating. There are detailed lists of products that will take you even farther. Remember: you're not simply spending money, you're investing for profit and comfort. Redoing your kitchen? New roof? Finally adding that in-law unit? Creating successful projects can take some work. Take the time to find a home

365

Indian Agriculture and Foods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agriculture and Foods Agriculture and Foods Nature Bulletin No. 387-A September 19, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation INDIAN AGRICULTURE AND FOODS Most of the Indian tribes east of the Great Plains were part-time farmers. Some of them cultivated sunflowers, giant ragweed, canary grass and pigweed for their seeds, which they used as food. Many grew tobacco. But corn, beans and squash -- wherever the climate permitted - - were the principal crops. There were several varieties of beans. They ate both the seeds and rinds of some dozens of kinds of squash and pumpkin. When game was not abundant there was a wealth of wild fruits, berries, and many kinds of wild plants with edible leaves, seeds, or roots. Corn, however, was the ' staff of life" and they depended on corn, beans and squash -- "the three sisters" -- for year-round food.

366

Originally Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2006; 4.1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke Residual Distillate Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coal and Breeze NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) (billion NGL(e) (million (million Other(f) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 Food 1,124 73,551 4 3 618 1 7 * 45 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 316 15,536 * * 115 * 5 0 28 311221 Wet Corn Milling 179 6,801 * * 51 * 4 0 8 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 67 974 1 * 17 * 1 * 4 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food 168 9,721

367

Originally Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2006 2 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2006 Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources Unit: Trillion Btu. NAICS Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) Natural Gas(c) NGL(d) Coal and Breeze Other(e) Total United States 311 Food 3 0 * 2 * 0 * * 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 3 0 * 2 * 0 0 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling * 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 31131 Sugar Manufacturing * 0 * 0 * 0 * 0 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food * 0 0 0 * 0 0 0 3115 Dairy Product * 0 * * 0 0 0 * 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing * 0 * * 0 0 0 * 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products * 0 * 0 * 0 0 0 3121 Beverages * 0 * 0 0 0 0 0 3122 Tobacco * 0 0 0 * 0 0 0 313 Textile Mills 0 0

368

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? June 21, 2011 - 11:37am Addthis A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus’ DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus' DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. Ben Squires Analyst, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are working to harness the natural process that spoils fruits and vegetables as a way to make fuel and other petroleum substitutes from the parts of plants that we can't eat. The genetic bases of the behaviors and abilities of these two industrially relevant fungal strains will allow researchers to exploit

369

Precision mass measurements of very short-lived, neutron-rich Na isotopes using a radiofrequency spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mass measurements of high precision have been performed on sodium isotopes out to $^{30}$Na using a new technique of radiofrequency excitation of ion trajectories in a homogeneous magnetic field. This method, especially suited to very short-lived nuclides, has allowed us to significantly reduce the uncertainty in mass of the most exotic Na isotopes: a relative error of 5\\audi was achieved for $^{28}$Na having a half-life of only 30.5 ms and 9\\audi for the weakly produced $^{30}$Na. Verifying and minimizing binding energy uncertainties in this region of the nuclear chart is important for clarification of a long standing problem concerning the strength of the $N~=~20$ magic shell closure. These results are the fruit of the commissioning of the new experimental program Mistral.

Lunney, M D; Doubre, H; Henry, S; Monsanglant, C; De Saint-Simon, M; Thibault, C; Toader, C F; Borcea, C; Bollen, G

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Global Energy Technology Strategy: Addressing Climate Change Phase 2 Findings from an international Public-Private Sponsored Research Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This book examines the role of global energy technology in addressing climate change. The book considers the nature of the climate change challenge and the role of energy in the issue. It goes on to consider the implications for the evolution of the global energy system and the potential value of technology availability, development and deployment. Six technology systems are identified for special consideration: CO2 capture and storage, Biotechnology, Hydrogen systems, Nuclear energy, Wind and solar energy, and End-use energy technologies. In addition, consideration is given to the role of non-CO2 gases in climate change as well as the potential of technology development and deployment to reduce non-CO2 emissions. Present trends in energy R&D are examined and potentially fruitful avenues for research. The book concludes with a set of key findings.

Edmonds, James A.; Wise, Marshall A.; Dooley, James J.; Kim, Son H.; Smith, Steven J.; Runci, Paul J.; Clarke, Leon E.; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Stokes, Gerald M.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Distribution and Ratios of 137Cs and K in Control and K-treated Coconut Trees at Bikini Island where Nuclear Test Fallout Occurred: Effects and Implications  

SciTech Connect

Coconut trees growing on atolls of the Bikini Islands are on the margin of K deficiency because the concentration of exchangeable K in coral soil is very low ranging from only 20 to 80 mg kg{sup -1}. When provided with additional K, coconut trees absorb large quantities of K and this uptake of K significantly alters the patterns of distribution of {sup 137}Cs within the plant. Following a single K fertilization event, mean total K in trunks of K-treated trees is 5.6 times greater than in trunks of control trees. In contrast, {sup 137}Cs concentration in trunks of K-treated and control trees is statistically the same while {sup 137}Cs is significantly lower in edible fruits of K treated trees. Within one year after fertilization (one rainy season), K concentration in soil is back to naturally, low concentrations, however, the tissue concentrations of K in treated trees stays very high internally in the trees for years while {sup 137}Cs concentration in treated trees remains very low in all tree compartments except for the trunk. Potassium fertilization did not change soil Cs availability. Mass balance calculations suggest that the fertilization event increased above ground plant K content by at least a factor of 5 or 2.2 kg. Potassium concentrations and content were higher in all organs of K fertilized trees with the greatest increases seen in organs that receive a portion of tissue K through xylem transport (trunk, fronds and fruit husks) and lowest in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). {sup 137}Cesium concentrations and contents were dramatically lower in all organs of K treated trees with greatest proportional reductions observed in organs supplied predominantly with K via the phloem (palm heart, spathe, coco meat and fluid). All trees remobilize both K and {sup 137}Cs from fronds as they proceed toward senescence. In control trees the reduction in concentration of K and {sup 137}Cs in fronds as they age is logarithmic but K remobilization is linear in K-treated trees where K concentration is high. As a result of K treatment the {sup 137}Cs concentration in K-treated fronds is extremely low and constant with frond age. Fronds of K treated trees contain a greater amount of K than control tree fronds. As they fall to the ground and decay they provide a small continuing pool of K that is about 3% of the natural K in soil under the tree canopy. Results of K and {sup 137}Cs concentration and distribution in control and K-treated coconut trees suggest that the application of K reduces {sup 137}Cs uptake both in the short term immediately following K fertilization and in the long term, after soil K levels have returned to normal but while plant K stores remain high. These results suggests that high internal K concentration and not high soil K is primarily responsible for long-term reduction of {sup 137}Cs in edible fruits, and plays a significant role in limiting further uptake of {sup 137}Cs by roots, and affects allocation of {sup 137}Cs to edible fruits for years. Coconut trees are capable of luxury K accumulation when provided with excess K and in this example the additional K can effectively provide the K requirements of the plant for in excess of 10 years. The reduction of {sup 137}Cs uptake lasts for at least 10 y after K is last applied and greatly reduces the estimated radiation dose to people consuming local tree foods. Effectiveness and duration of K treatment provides important assurances that reduction in {sup 137}Cs is long term and the radiation dose from consuming local plant foods will remain low.

Robison, W L; Brown, P H; Stone, E L; Hamilton, T F; Conrado, C L; Kehl, S R

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

372

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Utility and Nonutility Purchasers;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 11.5 Electricity: Sales to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Utility and Nonutility Purchasers; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Total of NAICS Sales and Utility Nonutility Code(a) Subsector and Industry Transfers Offsite Purchaser(b) Purchaser(c) Total United States 311 Food 111 86 25 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 72 51 21 311221 Wet Corn Milling 55 42 13 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 7 3 4 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 13 13 0 3115 Dairy Products 0 0 0 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 0 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products * * 0 3121 Beverages

373

Table 3.5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010; 5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Blast Pulping Liquor NAICS Furnace/Coke Petroleum or Wood Chips, Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Oven Gases Waste Gas Coke Black Liquor Bark Total United States 311 Food 11 0 7 0 0 1 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 5 0 2 0 0 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling * 0 * 0 0 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing * 0 * 0 0 * 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 1 0 1 0 0 0 3115 Dairy Products 1 0 1 0 0 0 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 4 0 4 0 0 * 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 3 0 2 0 0 1 3121 Beverages 3 0 2 0 0 1 3122 Tobacco 0 0 0 0 0 0 313 Textile Mills 0 0 0 0 0 0 314 Textile Product Mills

374

Good for the Community, Good for the Globe | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Good for the Community, Good for the Globe Good for the Community, Good for the Globe Good for the Community, Good for the Globe May 7, 2012 - 10:58am Addthis Lynn Meyer Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April showers may be best known for bringing in May flowers, but in my D.C. neighborhood, they also bring in...a local farmers market! There's something about fresh produce that just tastes better-kale is a little spicier, strawberries a little sweeter, and tomatoes are completely different fruit than those watery things sold at the grocery store. And it's so nice to know that I'm supporting my local farmers and economy by buying at the farmers market. But did you know that you're not only doing your body and local economy a favor by buying locally grown food-you're also saving energy! How?

375

Indian Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges Jump to: navigation, search Name Climate Change and India's Energy Policy Agency/Company /Organization Stimson Sector Energy, Climate Topics Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Energy Security, Background analysis Website http://www.stimson.org/rv/pdf/ Country India UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Climate Change and India's Energy Policy[1] "Indian Climate Policy: Choices and Challenges illustrates the complex constraints on Indian policymakers and provides material for more fruitful, better-informed discussions in Washington, Delhi, and all points between" References ↑ "Climate Change and India's Energy Policy" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Indian_Climate_Policy:_Choices_and_Challenges&oldid=374308"

376

Winners Announced for the NNSA Grand Challenge Competition | Department of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Winners Announced for the NNSA Grand Challenge Competition Winners Announced for the NNSA Grand Challenge Competition Winners Announced for the NNSA Grand Challenge Competition December 11, 2013 - 1:23pm Addthis President Carlton Brown of Clark Atlanta University pictured here with winning students junior Jules Henry (Electrical Engineering/Computer Science) and sophomore KeAndra Goodman (Electrical Engineering/Physics). President Carlton Brown of Clark Atlanta University pictured here with winning students junior Jules Henry (Electrical Engineering/Computer Science) and sophomore KeAndra Goodman (Electrical Engineering/Physics). Annie Whatley Annie Whatley Deputy Director, Office of Minority Economic Impact The first year of the Minority Serving Institution Partnership Program with the Department of Energy site Kansas City Plant was a fruitful one. The two

377

Soil Minerals  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soil Minerals Soil Minerals Nature Bulletin No. 707 March 2, 1963 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor SOIL MINERALS We all depend upon the land Our food is obtained from plants and animals -- bread and meat, potatoes and fish, fruit and eggs and milk and the rest of it. Our livestock feed on plants and plant products such as grass and grain. Plants, by means of their root systems, take moisture and nutrients from the soils on which they grow. Their food values, for us or for animals that furnish us food, depend upon the available nutrients in those soils. Soils contain solids, water and air. The solids, the bulk of a soil -- except in purely organic types such as peat and muck -- are mostly mineral materials. Ordinarily they also contain some organic material: decayed and decaying remains of plants and animals.

378

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Onsite-Generation Components;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Electricity: Components of Onsite Generation, 2006; 3 Electricity: Components of Onsite Generation, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Onsite-Generation Components; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Renewable Energy (excluding Wood NAICS Total Onsite and Code(a) Subsector and Industry Generation Cogeneration(b) Other Biomass)(c) Other(d) Total United States 311 Food 4,563 4,249 * 313 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 2,845 2,819 0 27 311221 Wet Corn Milling 2,396 2,370 0 27 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 951 951 0 * 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 268 268 0 * 3115 Dairy Products 44 31 * Q 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 17 0 0 17 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 659 623 Q * 3121 Beverages 587 551 Q * 3122 Tobacco 72

379

Table 4.1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2010; 1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke Residual Distillate Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coal and Breeze NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) (billion NGL(e) (million (million Other(f) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 Food 1,113 75,673 2 4 563 1 8 * 54 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 346 16,620 * * 118 * 6 0 41 311221 Wet Corn Milling 214 7,481 * * 51 * 5 0 25 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 72 1,264 * * 15 * 2 * * 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 142 9,258 * Q 97

380

Originally Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Fuel Consumption, 2006; 1 Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources Unit: Physical Units or Btu Coke Net Residual Distillate Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coal and Breeze NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) (billion NGL(e) (million (million Other(f) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 Food 1,186 73,440 4 3 618 1 7 * 107 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 317 15,464 * * 115 * 5 0 30 311221 Wet Corn Milling 179 6,746 * * 51 * 4 0 9 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 82 968 1 * 17 * 1 * 20 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food 169 9,708 * * 123 * * 0 4 3115 Dairy Product

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Originally Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2006 1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2006 Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke Residual Distillate Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coal and Breeze NAICS Total Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) (billion NGL(d) (million (million Other(e) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 Food 3 0 * 2 * 0 * * 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 3 0 * 2 * 0 0 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling * 0 0 0 0 0 0 * 31131 Sugar Manufacturing * 0 * 0 * 0 * 0 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food * 0 0 0 * 0 0 0 3115 Dairy Product * 0 * * 0 0 0 * 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing

382

Think Spring, Think Local... | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Think Spring, Think Local... Think Spring, Think Local... Think Spring, Think Local... April 25, 2013 - 11:15am Addthis Eating locally grown produce is healthy and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/CDH_Design Eating locally grown produce is healthy and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. | Photo courtesy of ©iStockphoto.com/CDH_Design Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs How can I participate? Visit your local farmers' market or join a CSA to get your fruits and vegetables this summer. Are you getting excited thinking about how you plan to support your local economy, your larger environment and also your health this spring? I know I am! The nicer weather the eastern regions have been experiencing lately has got

383

Table 7.10 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010; 0 Expenditures for Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Supplier Sources of Purchased Electricity, Natural Gas, and Steam; Unit: Million U.S. Dollars. Electricity Components Natural Gas Electricity Electricity from Sources Natural Gas NAICS Electricity from Local Other than Natural Gas from Local Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Utility(b) Local Utility(c) Total Utility(b) Total United States 311 Food 5,328 4,635 692 3,391 1,675 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 932 850 82 673 261 311221 Wet Corn Milling 352 331 21 296 103 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 105 87 18 87 39 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 698

384

(Energy Efficiency)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and Statement by Energy Ministers of G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea Aomori, Japan on 8 June 2008 Energy Ministers of the G8, The People's Republic of China, India and The Republic of Korea met in Aomori, Japan on 8 June 2008 in order to discuss the globally significant issues related to addressing energy security and climate change. While recognizing varied national circumstances among the 11 participating countries, given the fact that we collectively account for about 65% of the global energy consumption, we must play an important role in achieving global energy security, climate change mitigation and sustainable development. We affirmed that this Meeting extended the following message to contribute to the fruitful discussion

385

ICALEPCS Lifetime Achievement Award to Martin Kraimer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cockroaches Advance Student's Study of Ancient Life Cockroaches Advance Student's Study of Ancient Life Bringing Fruit Flies in from the Cold DOE Environmental Sustainability Award to Three from APS 2009 Chemistry Nobel to APS Users The First Experiment at the LCLS APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed ICALEPCS Lifetime Achievement Award to Martin Kraimer OCTOBER 28, 2009 Bookmark and Share Left to right: Ryotaro Tanaka (ICALEPCS2009 Chair), Jeffrey O. Hill, Martin R. Kraimer, Bob Daleisio, and In Soo Ko (ICALEPCS ISAC Chair), October 15, 2009, Kobe Japan. Martin R. Kraimer, formerly of the Controls Group in the Argonne APS Engineering Support Division, is one of three recipients of the first Lifetime Achievement Award presented by the ICALEPCS International

386

Record-breaking year for patents | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Record-breaking year for ... Record-breaking year for ... Record-breaking year for patents Posted: February 11, 2013 - 2:57pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 2 | 2013 Fiscal 2012 was a fruitful year for innovative research and development at the Y-12 National Security Complex. Site inventors were issued an unprecedented 11 patents. Technologies and processes from many of Y-12's latest patents, like those from previous years, can extend beyond the Nuclear Security Enterprise into diverse areas of private industry. One technology, the measurement system Extrans, determines how much water permeates a material. At Y-12 this measuring method can protect moisture-sensitive material from corroding. In the food or pharmaceutical industry, however, Extrans could test product packaging to ensure that no

387

University of Nevada Las Vegas Solar Decathlon 2011 Menu and Recipes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& RECIPES & RECIPES menu Dinner I APPETIZERS fresh watermelon juice with lemongrass fruit kabob virgin mango mojito shrimp cocktail stu ed mushrooms FIRST COURSE mixed green salad with beets and candied walnuts MAIN COURSE braised beef in a rich demi-glace ngerling potatoes and seasonal veggies served with non-alcoholic red wine DESSERT chocolate cake & vanilla creme fraîche and French cherries Dinner II APPETIZERS virgin sea-breeze cocktail blackberry-lemonade spritzer prosciutto and melon with balsamic syrup polenta with sundried tomato hummus FIRST COURSE creamy tomato soup mini-grilled cheese sandwich microgreen salad MAIN COURSE sautéed chicken and mushroom fresh wide noodle pasta in a light garlic cream sauce accompanied by a peach melba cooler with fresh thyme DESSERT

388

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? June 21, 2011 - 11:37am Addthis A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus’ DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus' DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. Ben Squires Analyst, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are working to harness the natural process that spoils fruits and vegetables as a way to make fuel and other petroleum substitutes from the parts of plants that we can't eat. The genetic bases of the behaviors and abilities of these two industrially relevant fungal strains will allow researchers to exploit

389

table11.5_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Electricity: Sales to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers, 2002; 5 Electricity: Sales to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Utility and Nonutility Purchasers; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Total of RSE NAICS Sales and Utility Nonutility Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Transfers Offsite Purchaser(b) Purchaser(c) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1 0.9 1 311 Food 708 380 328 31 311221 Wet Corn Milling 248 W W 20.1 31131 Sugar 8 8 0 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 28 W W 1 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products W W W 1 3121 Beverages W W W 1 3122 Tobacco W W 0 1 313 Textile Mills W W W 1.8 314 Textile Product Mills 0 0 0 0 315 Apparel 0 0 0 0 316 Leather and Allied Products

390

Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - Glossary Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center - Glossary Contents taken from Glossary: Carbon Dioxide and Climate, 1990. ORNL/CDIAC-39, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Third Edition. Edited by: Fred O'Hara Jr. A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Z A ablation (glacial) All processes, which include melting, evaporation (sublimation), wind erosion, and calving (breaking off of ice masses), that remove snow or ice from a glacier or snowfield. The term also refers to the amount of snow or ice removed by these processes. abscission Shedding by a plant of its parts, such as leaves, flowers, fruits, or seeds. The process is regulated by the plant hormone abscisic acid. absorption coefficient

391

DFC Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FuelCell Energy, Inc. FuelCell Energy, Inc. 3 Great Pasture Road Danbury, Ct 06813 DFC Opportunities Direct Fuel Cell Challenges * Baseline products cost-competitive with government subsidy at locations with very high cost-of-electricity * Company sponsored R&D focusing on marginal gains to make the DFC products cost-competitive in regions with high cost-of-electricity Direct FuelCell Opportunities * Needs large scale market penetration to enjoy the fruits of this transformational technology * Needs drastic reduction in cost-of-electricity to achieve large scale deployment * Requires high risk research to achieve the required COE reduction (increase power density, enhance life and lower cost) * Increase stack power from 350 net kW to 500 net kW * Enhance stack service life from 5-yr to 10-yr

392

Home Energy Saver  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investing for Profit and Comfort Investing for Profit and Comfort After working on no-cost changes, it's time to focus on how and when to get deeper improvements in efficiency. When buying or replacing an appliance or other energy-using equipment, you have a great opportunity to save. Early replacement can even make sense in some cases, but requires careful analysis. The Federal Trade Commission labels all major appliances, which can help you shop more wisely. To help consumers shop smarter still, the ENERGY STAR program labels identify products that are in roughly the top 25% of efficiency in their class - get the lists. The Consortium for Energy Efficiency defines an even higher bar - get the lists. DOE provides handy tips for things labels and features to look for. If you are going beyond harvesting the lowest-hanging fruit and replacing

393

Basswood  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basswood Basswood Nature Bulletin No. 422-A June 5, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation BASSWOOD The American Basswood or Linden, of all our native trees, is the last to bloom. In June or early July its clusters of small cream-colored 5- petaled flowers are 80 fragrant that they attract myriads of bees. The honey from this nectar has a delicious flavor, and tea made of the flowers is pleasant to drink. These clusters are peculiar, being oddly branched with the main stem attached to a narrow leaflike blade which is fastened at its end to a twig. The round pea-sized woody fruits which follow the flowers have seeds that are edible and, mashed or ground, can be used to make a beverage tasting something like cocoa.

394

(Energy Efficiency)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement by G8 Energy Ministers Joint Statement by G8 Energy Ministers Aomori, Japan on 8 June 2008 Energy Ministers of the G8 met in Aomori, Japan on 8 June 2008, in conjunction with the Energy Ministers' Meeting of G8, the People's Republic of China, India and the Republic of Korea. We welcome its joint statement. The G8 Energy Ministers extend the following additional messages to contribute to fruitful discussion in the G8 Hokkaido Toyako Summit. St. Petersburg Energy Security Principles 1. The G8 countries have discussed their progress in adhering to the 2006 St. Petersburg Energy Security Principles and welcome the International Energy Agency's (IEA) general comments on the national reports. The final national reports as well as the final IEA Assessment Report will be submitted to the G8 Hokkaido

395

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? February 4, 2010 - 6:30am Addthis We don't often speak of it in these terms, but saving energy can sometimes have a positive influence on your health. Maybe you're getting more exercise because you bike to work instead of drive, or you're getting more fresh air while jogging outside instead of on the treadmill (not to mention vitamin D!). Maybe you're eating more raw fruits and vegetables instead of turning on the oven to bake a pizza or driving for fast food. Tell us your story. How has saving energy affected your health? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

396

Puerto Rico Farmers Market Cooler, Saving Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puerto Rico Farmers Market Cooler, Saving Money Puerto Rico Farmers Market Cooler, Saving Money Puerto Rico Farmers Market Cooler, Saving Money October 22, 2010 - 11:33am Addthis EAA Executive Director Luis Bernal addresses an audience about Puerto Rico’s State Energy Program. | Photo courtesy EAA EAA Executive Director Luis Bernal addresses an audience about Puerto Rico's State Energy Program. | Photo courtesy EAA Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Market saving $16,000 annually from cooling upgrades $37 million in Recovery Act funding projected to save millions on island Recovery Act funded 11 programs 22 direct jobs, 394 indirect jobs in Puerto Rico Buying fruits and vegetables at the Las Piedras farmers market is now more comfortable for the thousands of Puerto Ricans who shop there regularly.

397

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Surviving a Technological Transformation Surviving a Technological Transformation by Dr. Walt Warnick on Tue, 2 Sep, 2008 by Walt Warnick and David Wojick The life of every person in the world today has been shaped by successive technological transformations. The printing press transformed communication and education, beginning in the mid 15th century. Sailing and navigation technology of the late 15th century allowed Europeans to learn about other continents, beginning the global network of trade. Metal tools and firearms technology of the early 17th century enabled Europeans to colonize other continents and spread the fruits of European technology around the world. Railroads transformed transportation beginning in the early 19th century, and the telephone transformed communication in the latter part of that

398

Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Resources with Additional Information Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner CT Scanner - Courtesy Stanford University Department of Energy Resources Engineering Computed tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) have been used to resolve industrial problems, for materials characterizations, and to provide non-destructive evaluations for discovering flaws in parts before their use, resulting in greater reliability and greater safety for workers; to identify the presence and facilitate the recovery/extraction of oil, water, coal, and/or gas; and to provide non-destructive testing and quality control of fresh fruits and vegetables, enhancing the safety of food. These benefits of non-medical uses of CT and NMR contribute to the economy and improve people's lives.

399

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide22 Submitted by gibsone on Thu, 2013-08-22 12:28 FY2008-icsti speeches FY2008-icsti Slide22 Courtesy of Teragram Corporation: We are also looking into translations capabilities in order to include non-English sources in WorldWideScience.org. The Department of Energy is engaged in several research projects that might prove fruitful in late 2008 or 2009. This slide shows an early prototype of work done by Teragram Corporation on Chinese-English translation. A search for the word "gene" is translated into the corresponding Chinese characters. Add new comment Thumbnail Mobile_320x340 Icon_64x64 Reply (If you're a human, don't change the following field) Enter your name: c3126e5ac3 Your first name. Please enable Javascript to use this form.

400

Table 11.5 Electricity: Sales to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Electricity: Sales to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers, 2010; 5 Electricity: Sales to Utility and Nonutility Purchasers, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Utility and Nonutility Purchasers; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Total of NAICS Sales and Utility Nonutility Code(a) Subsector and Industry Transfers Offsite Purchaser(b) Purchaser(c) Total United States 311 Food 347 168 179 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 142 6 136 311221 Wet Corn Milling 14 4 10 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 109 88 21 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 66 66 0 3115 Dairy Products 22 0 22 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 0 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 1 1 * 3121 Beverages 1 1 * 3122 Tobacco 0 0 0 313 Textile Mills

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Table 11.3 Electricity: Components of Onsite Generation, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Electricity: Components of Onsite Generation, 2010; 3 Electricity: Components of Onsite Generation, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Onsite-Generation Components; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Renewable Energy (excluding Wood NAICS Total Onsite and Code(a) Subsector and Industry Generation Cogeneration(b) Other Biomass)(c) Other(d) Total United States 311 Food 5,666 5,414 81 171 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 3,494 3,491 Q 2 311221 Wet Corn Milling 3,213 3,211 0 2 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 1,382 1,319 64 0 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 336 325 Q * 3115 Dairy Products 38 36 1 1 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 19 Q Q 14 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 342 238 Q 7 3121 Beverages 308 204 Q 7 3122 Tobacco 34

402

Table 2.1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2010; 1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke Residual Distillate Natural Gas(c) LPG and Coal and Breeze NAICS Total Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) (billion NGL(d) (million (million Other(e) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 Food 10 * * 4 Q 0 0 2 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 6 0 * 1 Q 0 0 2 311221 Wet Corn Milling 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 31131 Sugar Manufacturing * 0 * 0 * 0 0 * 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 1 * * 1 * 0 0 * 3115 Dairy Products Q 0 * * * 0 0 * 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing

403

table2.1_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2002; 1 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coal and Breeze NAICS Total Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) Gas(c) NGL(d) (million (million Other(e) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million bbl) (million bbl) (billion cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.4 0.4 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.7 1.2 311 Food 8 * * 7 0 0 * * 311221 Wet Corn Milling * 0 * 0 0 0 0 * 31131 Sugar * 0 * * 0 0 * * 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning * * * 0 0 0 0 * 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 1 * * * 0 0 0 1 3121 Beverages * * * 0 0 0 0 *

404

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Adaptable Button Mushroom Serves Up  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2012 8, 2012 Adaptable Button Mushroom Serves Up Biomass-Degrading Genes Critical to Managing the Planet's Carbon Stores The button mushroom occupies a prominent place in our diet and in the grocery store where it boasts a tasty multibillion-dollar niche, while in nature, Agaricus bisporus is known to decay leaf matter on the forest floor. Now, owing to an international collaboration of two-dozen institutions led by the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) and the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), the full repertoire of A. bisporus genes has been determined. In particular, new work shows how its genes are actually deployed not only in leaf decay but also wood decay and in the development of fruiting bodies (the above ground part of the mushroom harvested for food). The work also

405

Shared Intellect * Shared Laboratories * Shared Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 VOLUME 3, ISSUE 5 Featured Partner: Carnegie Mellon University's Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) Since 2010, the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) have enjoyed a fruitful partnership under the umbrella of the NETL Regional University Alliance (NETL-RUA). Although CMU researchers and those at other Alliance universities have worked with NETL scientists for decades, the formation of the NETL-RUA heralded a new era of productive collaborative research between NETL and the university, and CEE researchers have played a key role in the partnership. Currently, CEE has seven faculty and nine PhD students supporting NETL-RUA efforts.

406

Table 3.1 Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Fuel Consumption, 2010; 1 Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke Net Residual Distillate Natural Gas(d) LPG and Coal and Breeze NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) (billion NGL(e) (million (million Other(f) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 Food 1,158 75,407 2 4 563 1 8 * 99 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 350 16,479 * * 118 * 6 0 45 311221 Wet Corn Milling 214 7,467 * * 51 * 5 0 25 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 107 1,218 * * 15 * 2 * 36 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 143 9,203

407

CX-002326: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

26: Categorical Exclusion Determination 26: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002326: Categorical Exclusion Determination Community Renewable Energy Deployment - Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD): BLT Anaerobic Digester Date: 05/18/2010 Location(s): Sacramento, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office The Department of Energy is proposing to provide federal funding to the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) for the design and installation of an anaerobic digestion system at the Sacramento Recycling and Transfer Station (BLT Enterprises). The project will deploy the co-digestion of fruits, vegetables, and other organic wastes. Biogas produced will feed the Cosumnes Power Plant or Procter-Gamble Cogeneration facility via a new pipeline to an existing SMUD pipeline.

408

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? How Has Saving Energy Affected Your Health? February 4, 2010 - 6:30am Addthis We don't often speak of it in these terms, but saving energy can sometimes have a positive influence on your health. Maybe you're getting more exercise because you bike to work instead of drive, or you're getting more fresh air while jogging outside instead of on the treadmill (not to mention vitamin D!). Maybe you're eating more raw fruits and vegetables instead of turning on the oven to bake a pizza or driving for fast food. Tell us your story. How has saving energy affected your health? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

409

Putting the Pressure on MOFs | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure Hearing the Highest Pitches Unveiling the Secrets of Nanoparticle Haloing A Fruit-Fly Protein that Captures Tumor Growth Factors A Protein that Repairs Damage to Cancer Cells Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Putting the Pressure on MOFs JULY 30, 2008 Bookmark and Share Sometimes, it's not what's on the outside that matters, but what happens inside, in the spaces in between. That's certainly the case with metal-organic framework (MOF) materials, which are crystalline constructs made up of metallic ions connected to organic molecules, put together in

410

Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Next MECS will be fielded in 2015 Table 3.4 Number of Establishments by Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Establishment Counts. Any NAICS Energy Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Natural Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal and Breeze Other(g) Total United States 311 Food 13,269 13,265 144 2,416 10,373 4,039 64 7 1,538 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 602 602 9 204 489 268 30 0 140 311221 Wet Corn Milling 59 59 W 28 50 36 15 0 29 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 73 73 3 36 67 12 W 7 14 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 987 987 17 207 839 503 W 0 210 3115 Dairy Products 998 998 12 217 908

411

Prairie Grasses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grasses Grasses Prairie Resources - Exhibit Home "What is it about prairies? What fascinates us so about the grasslands that gird our continent? Other landscapes certainly offer more spectacular scenery such as the Rockies, the canyons, the deserts, the ocean coastlines. By contrast, the prairies seem, well, flat - flat and somewhat monotonous-undeniably vast but not as picturesque as a redwood forest or a mountain stream. "Yet the prairie holds a rightful place in American popular culture as one of our most distinctive and defining landscapes. Writers from Washington Irving to Willa Cather to Carl Sandburg have celebrated the prairie in prose and verse. Our national songs refer to the 'endless prairie' and 'the fruited plain.' Illinois, where only one-hundredth of 1 percent of its

412

Allaying Structural-Alloy Corrosion | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Putting the Pressure on MOFs Putting the Pressure on MOFs Newly Described "Dragon" Protein Could Be Key to Bird Flu Cure Hearing the Highest Pitches Unveiling the Secrets of Nanoparticle Haloing A Fruit-Fly Protein that Captures Tumor Growth Factors Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Allaying Structural-Alloy Corrosion JULY 30, 2008 Bookmark and Share The search for ways to conserve energy is leading scientists to explore unexpected but important avenues, such as technologies that make extensive use of alloys that are subject to corrosion, which can result in significant energy inefficiency. Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Argonne National Laboratory, using three DOE

413

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios;  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Next MECS will be fielded in 2015 Table 6.1 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios; Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value NAICS per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Code(a) Subsector and Industry (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States 311 Food 871.7 4.3 1.8 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 6,239.5 10.5 3.6 311221 Wet Corn Milling 28,965.0 27.1 12.6 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 7,755.9 32.6 13.4 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 861.3 4.8 2.2 3115 Dairy Products 854.8 3.5 1.1 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 442.9 3.5 1.2 312

414

NREL: NEWS - Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 December 2011 Retailers Checking 'Nice' on Energy Savings List Retailers Checking 'Nice' on Energy Savings List NREL is working with the nation's commercial building owners to discover new and innovative ways to reduce energy use. Tiny Solar Cell Could Make a Big Difference Tiny Solar Cell Could Make a Big Difference Semprius is building a factory in North Carolina to make solar power modules after a fruitful partnership with NREL. New Lab to Help Utilities 'See' Grid of the Future New Lab to Help Utilities 'See' Grid of the Future NREL tackles the challenge of keeping the decades old power grid running reliably while adding new clean technologies. November 2011 Secretary Chu: We Can Win Clean Energy Battle Secretary Chu: We Can Win Clean Energy Battle Secretary of Energy touts American innovation and invention in visit to

415

Promoting Behavior-Based Energy Efficiency in Military Housing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) helps agencies reduce the cost of doing business through energy efficiency, water conservation, and the use of solar and other renewable energy. As a large energy user, the U.S. military has been one of the government sectors of focus. Several military installations have shown substantial energy savings in past years. Most of these efficiency projects, however, have focused primarily on physical upgrades, technologies, and purchasing habits. Furthermost projects have focused on administrative and operational areas of energy use. Military residential housing, in particular, has received little formal attention for energy efficiency involving behaviors of the residents themselves. Behavior-based change is a challenging, but potentially fruitful area for energy conservation programs. However, behavioral change involves links with values, social networks and organizations, and new ways of thinking about living patterns. This handbook attempts to fill a gap by offering guidance for promoting such efforts.

AH McMakin; EL Malone; RE Lundgren

1999-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

416

Formation of mushrooms and lignocellulose degradation encoded in the genome sequence of Schizophyllum commune  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The wood degrading fungus Schizophyllum commune is a model system for mushroom development. Here, we describe the 38.5 Mb assembled genome of this basidiomycete and application of whole genome expression analysis to study the 13,210 predicted genes. Comparative analyses of the S. commune genome revealed unique wood degrading machinery and mating type loci with the highest number of reported genes. Gene expression analyses revealed that one third of the 471 identified transcription factor genes were differentially expressed during sexual development. Two of these transcription factor genes were deleted. Inactivation of fst4 resulted in the inability to form mushrooms, whereas inactivation of fst3 resulted in more but smaller mushrooms than wild-type. These data illustrate that mechanisms underlying mushroom formation can be dissected using S. commune as a model. This will impact commercial production of mushrooms and the industrial use of these fruiting bodies to produce enzymes and pharmaceuticals.

Ohm, Robin A.; de Jong, Jan F.; Lugones, Luis G.; Aerts, Andrea; Kothe, Erika; Stajich, Jason E.; de Vries, Ronald P.; Record, Eric; Levasseur, Anthony; Baker, Scott E.; Bartholomew, Kirk A.; Coutinho, Pedro M.; Erdmann, Susann; Fowler, Thomas J.; Gathman, Allen C.; Lombard, Vincent; Henrissat, Bernard; Knabe, Nicole; Kues, Ursula; Lilly, Walt W.; Lindquist, Erika; Lucas, Susan; Magnuson, Jon K.; Piumi, Francois; Raudaskoski, Marjatta; Salamov, Asaf; Schmutz, Jeremy; Schwarze, Francis W.M.R.; van Kuyk, Patricia A.; Horton, J. Stephen; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Wosten, Han A.B.

2010-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

417

Steps to an Ecology of Networked Knowledge and Innovation: Enabling new forms of collaboration among sciences, engineering, arts, and design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The final White Papers (posted at http://seadnetwork.wordpress.com/white-paper- abstracts/final-white-papers/) represent a spectrum of interests in advocating for transdisciplinarity among arts, sciences, and technologies. All authors submitted plans of action and identified stakeholders they perceived as instrumental in carrying out such plans. The individual efforts led to an international scope. One of the important characteristics of this collection is that the papers do not represent a collective aim toward an explicit initiative. Rather, they offer a broad array of views on barriers faced and prospective solutions. In summary, the collected White Papers and associated Meta- analyses began as an effort to take the pulse of the SEAD community as broadly as possible. The ideas they generated provide a fruitful basis for gauging trends and challenges in facilitating the growth of the network and implementing future SEAD initiatives.

Malina, Roger; Strohecker, Carol; LaFayette, Carol; Ione, Amy

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

418

Aerosol Retrievals under Partly Cloudy Conditions: Challenges and Perspectives  

SciTech Connect

There are lots of interesting and intriguing features of aerosols near clouds many of which can be quite engaging, as well being useful and climate-related. Exploring aerosol with the aid of the remote sensing, in situ observations and numerical modeling has piqued our curiosity and led to improve insights into the nature of aerosol and clouds and their complex relationship. This chapter conveys the outstanding issues of cloudy-sky aerosol retrievals of important climate properties and outlines their fruitful connections to other research areas such as in situ measurements and model simulations. The chapter focuses mostly on treating the inverse problems in the context of the passive satellite remote sensing and how they can improve our understanding of the cloud-aerosol interactions. The presentation includes a basis in the inverse problem theory, reviews available approaches and discusses their applications to partly cloudy situations. Potential synergy of observations and model simulations is described as well.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Ovchinnikov, Mikhail; Berg, Larry K.; Flynn, Connor J.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Person-Specific Knowledge And Knowledge Of Biological Categories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION In recent years, a considerable number of published neuropsychological studies have reported cases of apparent category-specific dissociations within semantic memory. The most commonly reported pattern is one in which biological or living categories (e.g. animals, birds, fruits, vegetables) are less well preserved than nonliving, inanimate categories (e.g. furniture, kitchen utensils, clothes); see McCarthy and Warrington (1994) for a review. Although it has been demonstrated that exemplars from biological categories can be less frequently encountered, less familiar, and more visually complex than exemplars from inanimate categories (e.g. Funnell & Sheridan, 1992; Stewart, Parkin, & Hunkin, 1992), it is clear that an artefactual account of a "living--nonliving" dissociation is not sufficient to explain all cases, since the dissociation can be found even when cognitive variables such as familiarity and visual complexity are controlled (e.g. Farah, Meyer, &McMullen, 1996).

Janice Kay; J. Richard Hanley

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

SECOQC White Paper on Quantum Key Distribution and Cryptography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SECOQC White Paper on Quantum Key Distribution and Cryptography is the outcome on a thorough consultation and discussion among the participants of the European project SECOQC (www.secoqc.net). This paper is a review article that attempts to position Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) in terms of cryptographic applications. A detailed comparison of QKD with the solutions currently in use to solve the key distribution problem, based on classical cryptography, is provided. We also detail how the work on QKD networks lead within SECOQC will allow the deployment of long-distance secure communication infrastructures based on quantum cryptography. The purpose of the White Paper is finally to promote closer collaboration between classical and quantum cryptographers. We believe that very fruitful research, involving both communities, could emerge in the future years and try to sketch what may be the next challenges in this direction.

Romain Alleaume; Jan Bouda; Cyril Branciard; Thierry Debuisschert; Mehrdad Dianati; Nicolas Gisin; Mark Godfrey; Philippe Grangier; Thomas Langer; Anthony Leverrier; Norbert Lutkenhaus; Philippe Painchault; Momtchil Peev; Andreas Poppe; Thomas Pornin; John Rarity; Renato Renner; Gregoire Ribordy; Michel Riguidel; Louis Salvail; Andrew Shields; Harald Weinfurter; Anton Zeilinger

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Department of Energy award DE-SC0004164 Climate and National Security: Securing Better Forecasts  

SciTech Connect

The Climate and National Security: Securing Better Forecasts symposium was attended by senior policy makers and distinguished scientists. The juxtaposition of these communities was creative and fruitful. They acknowledged they were speaking past each other. Scientists were urged to tell policy makers about even improbable outcomes while articulating clearly the uncertainties around the outcomes. As one policy maker put it, we are accustomed to making these types of decisions. These points were captured clearly in an article that appeared on the New York Times website and can be found with other conference materials most easily on our website, www.scripps.ucsd.edu/cens/. The symposium, generously supported by the NOAA/JIMO, benefitted the public by promoting scientifically informed decision making and by the transmission of objective information regarding climate change and national security.

Reno Harnish

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

422

Economic analysis of wind-powered refrigeration cooling/water-heating systems in food processing. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Potential applications of wind energy include not only large central turbines that can be utilized by utilities, but also dispersed systems for farms and other applications. The US Departments of Energy (DOE) and Agriculture (USDA) currently are establishing the feasibility of wind energy use in applications where the energy can be used as available, or stored in a simple form. These applications include production of hot water for rural sanitation, heating and cooling of rural structures and products, drying agricultural products, and irrigation. This study, funded by USDA, analyzed the economic feasibility of wind power in refrigeration cooling and water heating systems in food processing plants. Types of plants included were meat and poultry, dairy, fruit and vegetable, and aquaculture.

Garling, W.S.; Harper, M.R.; Merchant-Geuder, L.; Welch, M.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Comparative efficacy of compost, poultry litter, IPM Lab Biopesticide and BAU-Biofungicde in controlling early blight of tomato  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Compost, poultry litter, IPM Lab Biopesticide and BAU-Biofungicide, either alone or in combinations, were assessed for their effect in controlling early blight disease, and on growth and yield parameters of tomato. The lowest early blight incidence and severity were recorded in T13 (compost tea + poultry litter extract + BAU-Bio-fungicide) followed by T12 (compost tea + poultry litter extract + IPM Lab Biopesticide). Early blight incidence and severity were observed lower in case of both single and combined applications of compost, poultry litter, IPM lab Biopesticide and BAU-Biofungicide. Besides the lowest early blight infection, T13 also yielded the highest plant height, number of secondary branches per plant, number of fruits per plant, and yield of tomato per hectare.

S. M. E. Kabir; M. R. Islam; M. M. R. Khan; I. Hossain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

PRODEEDINGS OF RIKEN BNL RESEARCH CENTER WORKSHOP : HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING WITH QCDOC AND BLUEGENE.  

SciTech Connect

Staff of Brookhaven National Laboratory, Columbia University, IBM and the RIKEN BNL Research Center organized a one-day workshop held on February 28, 2003 at Brookhaven to promote the following goals: (1) To explore areas other than QCD applications where the QCDOC and BlueGene/L machines can be applied to good advantage, (2) To identify areas where collaboration among the sponsoring institutions can be fruitful, and (3) To expose scientists to the emerging software architecture. This workshop grew out of an informal visit last fall by BNL staff to the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center that resulted in a continuing dialog among participants on issues common to these two related supercomputers. The workshop was divided into three sessions, addressing the hardware and software status of each system, prospective applications, and future directions.

CHRIST,N.; DAVENPORT,J.; DENG,Y.; GARA,A.; GLIMM,J.; MAWHINNEY,R.; MCFADDEN,E.; PESKIN,A.; PULLEYBLANK,W.

2003-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Water Circuit of the Plants - Do Plants have Hearts ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a correspondence between the circulation of blood in all higher animals and the circulation of sap in all higher plants - up to heights h of 140 m - through the xylem and phloem vessels. Plants suck in water from the soil, osmotically through the roothair zone, and subsequently lift it osmotically again, and by capillary suction (via their buds, leaves, and fruits) into their crowns. In between happens a reverse osmosis - the endodermis jump - realized by two layers of subcellular mechanical pumps in the endodermis walls which are powered by ATP, or in addition by two analogous layers of such pumps in the exodermis. The thus established root pressure helps forcing the absorbed ground water upward, through the whole plant, and often out again, in the form of guttation, or exudation.

Wolfgang Kundt; Eva Gruber

2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

426

How flowers catch raindrops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several species of plants have raindrop-sized flowers that catch raindrops opportunistically in order to spread their 0.3-mm seeds distances of over 1 m. In the following fluid dynamics video, we show examples of these plants and some of the high speed videography used to visualize the splash dynamics responsible for raindrop-driven seed dispersal. Experiments were conducted on shape mimics of the plants' fruit bodies, fabricated using a 3D printer. Particular attention was paid to optimizing flower geometries and drop impact parameters to propel seeds the farthest distance. We find off-center impacts are the most effective for dispersing seeds. Such impacts amplify the raindrop's speed, encapsulate seeds within drops, and direct the seed trajectory at angles optimal for long-distance dispersal.

Amador, Guillermo; Hu, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

A moment in the pragmatic political style: the rhetoric of Louis D. Brandeis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines the rhetoric of Louis D. Brandeis in light of pragmatism-specifically, the philosophical pragmatism of William James and John Dewey. While a number of scholars claim that pragmatism has nothing to offer politics, rhetoric, or decision-making, this thesis argues that Brandeis's method of acting politically, speaking publicly, and solving problems exemplifies the pragmatic political style-a style of political operation that is characteristically pragmatic, a direct extension of James and Dewey's philosophy. This thesis illustrates Brandeis's pragmatic political style through an analysis of his rhetoric prior to taking his seat on the United States Supreme Court, his rhetoric while on the Supreme Court, and his rhetoric as one of America's most prominent Zionists. This thesis shows that pragmatism (at least William James and John Dewey's classical American pragmatism-the pragmatism Brandeis exemplifies rhetorically) can be a fruitful part of political operation.

Stob, Paul Henry

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Clusters in Light Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A great deal of research work has been undertaken in the alpha-clustering study since the pioneering discovery, half a century ago, of 12C+12C molecular resonances. Our knowledge of the field of the physics of nuclear molecules has increased considerably and nuclear clustering remains one of the most fruitful domains of nuclear physics, facing some of the greatest challenges and opportunities in the years ahead. In this work, the occurence of "exotic" shapes in light N=Z alpha-like nuclei is investigated. Various approaches of superdeformed and hyperdeformed bands associated with quasimolecular resonant structures are presented. Results on clustering aspects are also discussed for light neutron-rich Oxygen isotopes.

C. Beck; P. Papka; A. Sanchez i Zafra; S. Thummerer; F. Azaiez; P. Bednarczyk; S. Courtin; D. Curien; O. Dorvaux; A. Goasduff; D. Lebhertz; A. Nourreddine; M. Rousseau; M. -D. Salsac; W. von Oertzen; B. Gebauer; C. Wheldon; Tz. Kokalova; G. Efimov; V. Zherebchevsky; Ch. Schulz; H. G. Bohlen; D. Kamanin; G. de Angelis; A. Gadea; S. Lenzi; D. R. Napoli; S. Szilner; M. Milin; W. N. Catford; D. G. Jenkins; G. Royer

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

Role of solar energy research in transferring of technology to Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is blessed with abundant solar energy, which is renewable, clean, and freely available. This paper describes the status of the major research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities and achievements at the Energy Research Institute, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, in the field of solar energy. RD and D activities in the Kingdom have confirmed that solar energy has a multitude of practical uses. These include lighting, cooling, cooking, water heating, crop/fruit drying, water desalination, operating irrigation pumps, and meteorological stations, and providing road and tunnel lighting. Furthermore, these solar energy RD and D activities and achievements played a significant role in transferring technology and manpower development in the Kingdom.

Alawaji, S.H.; Hasnain, S.M.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

LLE Review, Volume 57. Quarterly report, October--December 1993  

SciTech Connect

During this quarter, the visible fruits of long design labors on the OMEGA Upgrade began to appear. The target mirror structure was put in place, along with the target chamber itself. The laser bay structures were also installed, and the bay is now being prepared to receive optomechanical, control, and laser assemblies. Further details are in the OMEGA Upgrade Status Report in this issue. Theory and analysis of previous experiments continued during this reporting period. Articles contained herein describe an improved theory of the ablative Rayleigh-Taylor instability; a novel proposal for characterizing plasma-density profiles by using grid image refractometry; a much-improved treatment of the damping of ion sound waves in a mixture of light and heavy ions; and, finally, a new interpretation of measurements of 3/2-harmonic radiation emitted from the long-scale-length plasmas created in earlier OMEGA experiments.

Simon, A. [ed.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

431

Can the Existence of Dark Energy be Directly Detected?  

SciTech Connect

The majority of astronomers and physicists accept the reality of dark energy and also believe that it can only be studied indirectly through observation of the motions of stars and galaxies. In this paper I open the experimental question of whether it is possible to directly detect dark energy through the presence of dark energy density. Two thirds of this paper outlines the major aspects of dark energy density as now comprehended by the astronomical and physics community. The final third summarizes various proposals for direct detection of dark energy density or its possible effects. At this time I do not have a fruitful answer to the question: Can the Existence of Dark Energy Be Directly Detected?

Perl, Martin L.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2011-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

432

Special Lecture in Memory of Glenn Theodore Seaborg (19 April 1912 - 25 February 1999) Glenn T. Seaborg's Multi-faceted Career  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-1999) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten US presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights his profound influence on nuclear science, both in the US and in the international community.

Hoffman, Darleane C.

2001-11-00T23:59:59.000Z

433

Completing the work of the guns: presidential rhetoric, national character, and World War II memorials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problems posed by gender essentialisms are important for both feminist theorists and environmental ethicists. Ecofeminist philosophers, as both feminist theorists and environmental ethicists, should therefore find this issue relevant to their discipline. In this thesis, I will explore the topic of gender essentialisms and its relevance for ecofeminist philosophers. Specifically, I will provide a definition of "ecofeminist philosophy" and delineate the connections that ecofeminists find between the oppression of women and environmental degradation. I will also provide a logical analysis of arguments for gender essentialisms and arguments against these theories. And, lastly, I will consider why gender essentialisms ought to matter for ecofeminist philosophers. My hope is that this thesis will fruitfully engage with the issues posed by gender essentialisms, including clarifying arguments made in favor of and in opposition to these theories as well as their relevance to ecofeminist philosophies.

Martin, Rachel Lee

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Direct utilization of geothermal heat in cascade application to aquaculture and greenhouse systems at Navarro College. Final report, March 1, 1979-September 30, 1984  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This final report documents the Navarro College geothermal use project, which is one of nineteen direct-use geothermal projects funded principally by DOE. The six-year project encompassed a broad range of technical, institutional, and economic activities including: resource and environmental assessment; well drilling and completion; system design, construction, and monitoring; economic analysis; and public awareness programs. Some of the project conclusions are that: (1) the 130/sup 0/F Central Texas geothermal resource can support additional geothermal development; (2) private sector economic incentives currently exist which encourage commercial development of this geothermal resource; (3) potential uses for this geothermal resource include water and space heating, aquacultural and agricultural heating uses, and fruit and vegetable dehydration; (4) high maintenance costs arising from the geofluids' scaling and corrosion characteristics can be avoided through proper analysis and design.

Smith, K.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A Search for B+ ---> tau+ neutrino(tau) recoiling against B- ---> D0 l- anti-nu(l) X  

SciTech Connect

The fundamental pursuit of physics has always been a deeper understanding of nature's workings. In the last fifty years this pursuit has culminated in a view of the universe as a complex tapestry woven from only a few fundamental particles and interactions. This description of the universe, the Standard Model of Particle Physics, has been highly successful at predicting the behavior of these particles and interactions. However, the model leaves many questions unanswered and the hope is that many precise tests of its predictions will yield inconsistencies, windows into new physical principles. The search for processes that are allowed by the Standard Model but inherently rare provides fruitful ground for such a test. The large sample of B mesons available from the PEP-II/BABAR B-factory furnishes an opportunity to test Standard Model predictions via rare B meson decay modes.

Sekula, Stephen Jacob; /Wisconsin U., Madison /SLAC

2005-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

436

The device-independent outlook on quantum physics (lecture notes on Bell inequalities)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This text is an introduction to an operational outlook on Bell inequalities, which has been very fruitful in the past few years. It has lead to the recognition that Bell tests have their own place in applied quantum technologies, because they quantify non-classicality in a device-independent way, that is, without any need to describe the degrees of freedom under study and the measurements that are performed. At the more fundamental level, the same device-independent outlook has allowed the falsification of several other alternative models that could hope to reproduce the observed statistics while keeping some classical features that quantum theory denies; and it has shed new light on the long-standing quest for deriving quantum theory from physical principles.

Valerio Scarani

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

437

The Quest for the Sun's Siblings: an Exploratory Search in the Hipparcos Catalogue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the results of a search for the remnants of the Sun's birth cluster among stars in the Hipparcos Catalogue. This search is based on the predicted phase space distribution of the Sun's siblings from simple simulations of the orbits of the cluster stars in a smooth Galactic potential. For stars within 100 pc the simulations show that it is interesting to examine those that have small space motions relative to the Sun. From amongst the candidate siblings thus selected there are six stars with ages consistent with that of the Sun. Considering their radial velocities and abundances only one potential candidate, HIP 21158, remains but essentially the result of the search is negative. This is consistent with predictions by Portegies Zwart (2009) on the number of siblings near the Sun. We discuss the steps that should be taken in anticipation of the data from the Gaia mission in order to conduct fruitful searches for the Sun's siblings in the future.

Brown, Anthony G A; Bean, Jennifer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

GROW1: a crop growth model for assessing impacts of gaseous pollutants from geothermal technologies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A preliminary model of photosynthesis and growth of field crops was developed to assess the effects of gaseous pollutants, particularly airborne sulfur compounds, resulting from energy production from geothermal resources. The model simulates photosynthesis as a function of such variables as irradiance, CO/sub 2/ diffusion resistances, and internal biochemical processes. The model allocates the products of photosynthesis to structural (leaf, stem, root, and fruit) and storage compartments of the plant. The simulations encompass the entire growing season from germination to senescence. The model is described conceptually and mathematically and examples of model output are provided for various levels of pollutant stress. Also, future developments that would improve this preliminary model are outlined and its applications are discussed.

Kercher, J.R.

1977-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

439

Persistent Monitoring Platforms Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project was inspired and motivated by the need to provide better platforms for persistent surveillance. In the years since the inception of this work, the need for persistence of surveillance platforms has become even more widely appreciated, both within the defense community and the intelligence community. One of the most demanding technical requirements for such a platform involves the power plant and energy storage system, and this project concentrated almost exclusively on the technology associated with this system for a solar powered, high altitude, unmanned aircraft. An important realization for the feasibility of such solar powered aircraft, made at the outset of this project, was that thermal energy may be stored with higher specific energy density than for any other known practical form of rechargeable energy storage. This approach has proved to be extraordinarily fruitful, and a large number of spin-off applications of this technology were developed in the course of this project.

Bennett, C L

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

440

Vibrations, Quanta and Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum biology is an emerging field of research that concerns itself with the experimental and theoretical exploration of non-trivial quantum phenomena in biological systems. In this tutorial overview we aim to bring out fundamental assumptions and questions in the field, identify basic design principles and develop a key underlying theme -- the dynamics of quantum dynamical networks in the presence of an environment and the fruitful interplay that the two may enter. At the hand of three biological phenomena whose understanding is held to require quantum mechanical processes, namely excitation and charge transfer in photosynthetic complexes, magneto-reception in birds and the olfactory sense, we demonstrate that this underlying theme encompasses them all, thus suggesting its wider relevance as an archetypical framework for quantum biology.

S. F. Huelga; M. B. Plenio

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Regional uptake and release of crop carbon in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon fixed by agricultural crops in the US creates regional CO(2) sinks where it is harvested and regional CO(2) sources where it is released back to the atmosphere. The quantity and location of these fluxes differ depending on the annual supply and demand of crop commodities. Data on the harvest of crop biomass, storage, import and export, and on the use of biomass for food, feed, fiber, and fuel were compiled to estimate an annual crop carbon budget for 2000 to 2008. With respect to US Farm Resource Regions, net sources of CO(2) associated with the consumption of crop commodities occurred in the Eastern Uplands, Southern Seaboard, and Fruitful Rim regions. Net sinks associated with the production of crop commodities occurred in the Heartland, Northern Great Plains, and Mississippi Portal regions. The national crop carbon budget was balanced to within 0.3 to 6.1% yr(-1) during the period of this analysis.

West, Tristram O. [ORNL; Bandaru, Vara Prasad [ORNL; Branstetter, Marcia L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Brandt, Craig C [ORNL; Schuh, Andrew [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Ogle, Stephan [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Regional Uptake and Release of Crop Carbon in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon fixed by agricultural crops in the US creates regional CO2 sinks where it is harvested and regional CO2 sources where it is released back to the atmosphere. The quantity and location of these fluxes differ depending on the annual supply and demand of crop commodities. Data on the harvest of crop biomass, storage, import and export, and on the use of biomass for food, feed, fiber, and fuel were compiled to estimate an annual crop carbon budget for 2000 to 2008. Net sources of CO2 associated with the consumption of crop commodities occurred in the Eastern Uplands, Southern Seaboard, and Fruitful Rim regions. Net sinks associated with the production of crop commodities occurred in the Heartland, Northern Crescent, Northern Great Plains, and Mississippi Portal regions. The national crop carbon budget was balanced to within 0.7 to 6.6% yr-1 during the period of this analysis.

West, Tristram O.; Bandaru, Varaprasad; Brandt, Craig C.; Schuh, A.E.; Ogle, S.M.

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

443

Office of Pesticide Programs Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pendimethalin [N-(1-ethylpropyl)-3,4-dimethyl-2,6-dinitrobenzenamine] is a selective preemergent herbicide registered for control of broadleaf weeds and grassy weed species on a variety of terrestrial fruit and vegetable, and feed crops. It is also used to control weeds on ornamental crops, rights-of-way and homeowner turf. An endangered species risk assessment is developed for federally listed Pacific salmon and steelhead. This assessment applies the findings of the Office of Pesticide Programs Environmental Risk Assessment developed for non-target fish and wildlife as part of the reregistration process to determine the potential risks to the 26 listed threatened and endangered Evolutionarily Significant Units (ESUs) of Pacific salmon and steelhead. Pendimethalin exhibits high toxicity to fish and can affect aquatic plants, especially diatoms, in areas of high use. The use of pendimethalin will have no effect on 22 ESUs and may affect but is not likely to adversely affect 4 ESUs.

Threatened Salmon; Kurt Pluntke

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Energy use quantification in the canning of Clingstone peaches  

SciTech Connect

Thermal and electrical energy usages in a California Clingstone peach cannery were monitored to establish energy consumption levels and to identify energy intensive unit operations. Representative processing lines were instrumented with orifice plates for steam flow measurements and with electric watt transducers for electrical power monitoring to yield actual consumption values. Steam use in the lye peelers and retorts accounted for 98% of all energy consumed, indicating that further examination of these operations for modification or equipment redesign should be a first priority for energy conservation. Pumping of liquids and dry conveying of fruit and waste material accounted for 61% of all electrical energy use. Electrical energy use amounted to only 2% of the total energy used, however, on an equivalent fossil fuel use basis.

Carroad, P A; Singh, R P; Chhinnan, M S; Jacob, N L; Rose, W W

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Citrus limonoids: seasonal changes and their potential in glutathione S-transferase induction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seasonal changes of citrus limonids in 'Rio Red' grapefruit were investigated using reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Several citrus limonoids, limonoid mixtures and a flavonone were evaluated for their ability to induce glutathione (GSH) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) in laboratory animals. In the flesh, segment membrane and albedo part of 'Rio Red' grapefruit, limonoate A-ring lactone (LARL) decreased, while limonin 17-b-D-glucopyranoside (LG) increased during late stages of fruit growth and maturation, suggesting that LARL was converted to LG as fruit maturation continued. Since the sudden decrease of LARL and the first appearance of LG did not take place simultaneously, there might be translocations of limonoids in forms other than nomilin among different tissues of 'Rio Red' grapefruit. In the seeds, both LARL and LG increased steadily throughout the experiment. Studies conducted on the effect of citrus limonoids on GSH level and GST activity showed that certain citrus limonoids had potential to induce both GSH level and GST activity. Limonoid aglycones were more effective than their glucosides as enzyme inducers. Nomilin and aglycone mixtures were the most potent inducers. The GST inducing activity of citrus limonoids appears to be structure-related. The opened D ring and/or the addition of a glucose molecule of the limonoid glucosides may be responsible for reduced GST-inducing acivity. An intact A ring of citrus limonoids seemed to be necessary for the enzyme induction. Further research is needed to explore the absorption, distribution and metabolism of citrus limonoids in animal systems.

Li, Jiaxing

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Agricultural production in the United States by county: a compilation of information from the 1974 census of agriculture for use in terrestrial food-chain transport and assessment models  

SciTech Connect

Terrestrial food-chain models that simulate the transport of environmentally released radionuclides incorporate parameters describing agricultural production and practice. Often a single set of default parameters, such as that listed in USNRC Regulatory Guide 1.109, is used in lieu of site-specific information. However, the geographical diversity of agricultural practice in the United States suggests the limitations of a single set of default parameters for assessment models. This report documents default parameters with a county-wide resolution based on analysis of the 1974 US Census of Agriculture for use in terrestrial food chain models. Data reported by county, together with state-based information from the US Department of Agriculture, Economic and Statistics Service, provided the basis for estimates of model input parameters. This report also describes these data bases, their limitations, and lists default parameters by county. Vegetable production is described for four categories: leafy vegetables; vegetables and fruits exposed to airborne material; vegetables, fruits, and nuts protected from airborne materials; and grains. Livestock feeds were analyzed in categories of hay, silage, pasture, and grains. Pasture consumption was estimated from cattle and sheep inventories, their feed requirements, and reported quantities of harvested forage. The results were compared with assumed yields of the pasture areas reported. In addition, non-vegetable food production estimates including milk, beef, pork, lamb, poultry, eggs, goat milk, and honey are described. The agricultural parameters and land use information - in all 47 items - are tabulated in four appendices for each of the 3067 counties of the US reported to the Census of Agriculture, excluding those in Hawaii and Alaska.

Shor, R.W.; Baes, C.F. III; Sharp, R.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Dietary apigenin and naringenin protect against colon carcinogenesis by lowering high multiplicity aberrant crypt foci and enhancing apoptosis in azoxymethane-treated rats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in the United States. However, evidence indicates that a proper diet abundant in fruits and vegetables may be protective against colon cancer development. Bioactive compounds in fruits and vegetables, such as flavonoids and limonoids, have been shown to possess anti-proliferative and antitumorigenic effects in various in vitro and in vivo models of cancer. Since there are few animal studies involving flavonoids and limonoids and colon cancer, this experiment investigated the potentially protective effects of four citrus flavonoids and one limonoid mixture against the promotion stage of chemically-induced colon cancer in rats. Male SD rats (n =60; 10 rats/group) were assigned to receive diets containing 0.1% apigenin, 0.02% naringenin, 0.1% hesperidin, 0.01% nobiletin, 0.035% limonin glucoside/obacunone glucoside mixture, or a control diet (0% flavonoid/limonoid). Rats received the diets for 10 wk and were injected with azoxymethane (15 mg/kg) at wk 3 and 4. The excised colons were evaluated for aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation, cell proliferation (PCNA assay), apoptosis (TUNEL assay), and iNOS and COX-2 expression. When compared to the control diet, apigenin lowered the number of high multiplicity ACF (> 4 AC/focus) by 57% (PACF by 51% (PACF are indicative of future tumor development in both humans and rats. Furthermore, dysregulated proliferation and apoptosis may also lead to tumorigenesis. Therefore, the ability of dietary apigenin and naringenin to reduce high multiplicity ACF, lower proliferation, and increase apoptosis may contribute toward colon cancer prevention. However, their protection is not due to their influence on iNOS and COX-2 protein levels.

Leonardi, Tety

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

An assessment of the ability of quercetin to inhibit colon carcinogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quercetin, one of the most widely consumed flavonoids in fruits and vegetables, purportedly reduces cancer incidence. Colon cancer is the second leading cause of death due to cancer in the United States. To establish whether quercetin would protect against colon cancer, using a 2X2 factorial design, 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed diets containing 0 or 0.45% quercetin and injected with saline or azoxymethane (AOM, a colon specific carcinogen). Rats received the diets 3 wk prior to and 3 wk after the second injection of saline or AOM. The rats were terminated, the colon removed, cut in half longitudinally, and stained with 0.5% methylene blue to count aberrant crypt foci. Sections of the proximal and distal colon were fixed for immunohistochemical analysis of proliferation (PCNA) and apoptosis (TUNEL). Mucosal protein lysates were collected for western immunoblotting analysis of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) p85 subunit, PI3K p85? subunit, and total Akt. Quercetin decreased (P=0.0246) the number of ACF with high multiplicity (ACF > 4). Quercetin reduced the total number of cells per crypt column (P=0.0440), the proliferative index using darkly stained cells (P=0.0346), and the extent of the proliferative zone (P=0.012). The apoptotic index was increased in response to dietary quercetin (P=0.0142) in the distal colon of AOM-injected rats. No significance was found in the proliferative index of lightly stained cells, or the steady state level of the proteins, PI3K p85 or PI3K p85? or total Akt. Therefore, quercetin may play a role in the chemopreventive effects of fruits and vegetables against colon carcinogenesis, through changes in cell proliferation and apoptosis. However, those changes do not occur because of an effect on the steady state level of PI3K or Akt expression.

Warren, Cynthia Ann

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Role of Acculturation in Nutrition Behaviors among Low Income Hispanic Women Living in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to determine the role of acculturation in the food consumption patterns of low income Hispanic women living in Texas and enrolled in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Program by testing the following hypotheses: a) There are significant differences in consumption of fruit and vegetables by selected socio-demographic variables; and, b) less healthy food consumption patterns are associated with higher levels of acculturation in health-related research involving low-income Hispanic women living in Texas. A secondary-data analysis of the responses to the Texas Food & Nutrition (TEXFAN) questionnaire was performed. TEXFAN is a 122-item survey designed to measure WIC participants' consumption behaviors and to assess the impact of new food packages in Texas' WIC program. A total of 3,336 adult, non-pregnant women self-identified as having Hispanic ethnic background of all races were considered for this study. Analysis of Variance and Kruskal-Wallis tests showed significant differences in nutritional practices among Hispanic women for age, educational attainment, employment status, race, area of residence, and acculturation. Logistic Regression analysis confirmed the hypothesis that lower levels of acculturation are associated with healthier food consumption patterns. The majority of respondents (70.7%, N=2,358) did not consume the recommended five servings of fruits and vegetables a day; therefore, do not have healthy patterns of food consumption. Consequently, the majority of respondents (70.0%, N= 1,709) has a weight statuses above normal and at a higher proportion than women in the State of Texas and the nation. Acculturation continues to interest social and behavioral researchers but variations on conceptualization, definition, operationalization, and measurement negatively impact generalizability and applicability of results. Interventions not considering acculturation are not likely to be successful. Research has to include community, ecological, cultural and contextual factors (e.g., machismo, accessibility to sidewalks, availability of fresh healthy foods, etc.). Development of effective intervention programs should be aimed to increase consumption of healthy food and an adherence to the recommendations of the "Healthy Plate" and the "Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010" among Hispanics. Also, interventions should generate necessary skills among Hispanics for empowering them to sustain proper nutritional behaviors and overcome barriers.

Atehortua, Nelson

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Improvement of Cotton Fiber Maturity and Assessment of Intra-Plant Fiber Variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The temporal system of fruiting on the cotton plant lends itself to bolls at different fruiting sites developing under different environmental conditions and with varied source-sink relationships. To investigate this, intra-plant fiber quality was assessed in four upland cultivars at College Station, Texas for three years and at Lubbock, Texas for two years. It was concluded that fiber quality steadily declines from the bottom sympodial branches towards the upper branches. 'FiberMax 832' had the best fiber quality among all cultivars but it also had the highest degree of variability within the plants. 'Half and Half' and 'Acala 1517-99' appear to have the least amount of intra-plant variability of fiber quality. Bolls from the bottom region of the plant have higher trash content compared to the upper region. To test the impact of fiber quality variability on boll sampling techniques employed, ten sampling protocols were compared against each other for three years in College Station, Texas, for two upland cultivars. Results suggest that randomized boll samples containing 50 bolls worked well to estimate inherent fiber quality for most fiber traits while estimation of trash and lint percent was not predictable based on boll samples. One of the problems associated with intra-plant fiber variability was the presence of immature fibers. In order to determine the potential for improvement of fiber maturity and standard fineness, five upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes were subjected to a diallel analysis at College Station, Texas, in 2011. Four cultivars that tend to produce fine and mature fibers and one cultivar that tends to produce coarse fibers were intermated in all combinations, without reciprocals. Estimates of general (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) for fiber maturity ratio and standard fineness based on Griffing's diallel Model I, Method 4 were calculated for AFIS and fiber micronaire, length and strength measurements for High Volume Instrument (HVI). Four parents had significant GCA effects and Acala 1517-99 was found to be the best parent for improving standard fineness followed by FiberMax 832 and 'Tamcot HQ-95'. Tamcot HQ-95 was the best parent to improve fiber maturity ratio while 'Deltapine 90' was the best parent to reduce fiber maturity ratio. The specific cross between Acala 1517-99 and Tamcot HQ-95 had the best performance. Diallel analysis indicated that fiber maturity ratio was influenced by non-additive gene effects more than additive gene effects while fiber standard fineness was highly influenced by additive gene effects. Developing cultivars with optimal fiber standard fineness and maturity should be prioritized to address problems associated with neps and short fiber content and improve spinning performance of US cotton.

Kothari, Neha

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Design and Optimization of Condenser and Centrifuge Units for Enhancement of a Batch Vacuum Frying System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A batch vacuum frying system, which processes fruits and vegetables, includes a frying pan, a surface-condenser, and a vacuum pump. With health and safety issues in mind, this research focused on developing a modified surface-condenser to prevent cavitation of the vacuum pump. The final oil-content was reduced by centrifugal de- oiling of the product under vacuum, which make the product healthier than what is currently available. The de-oiling mechanism consists of a centrifuge with a motor attached to the basket shaft, rotating up to 750 rpm (63 g units). The condenser consists of a (counter- flow) spiral-coil heat exchanger (SHE) connected to a refrigeration system that uses R404a refrigerant. De-oiling for 40 s at 300 and 750 RPM removed up to 67% and 72% of the chips surface oil, respectively. At 750 RPM for 10 s, 40 s, and 60 s the oil-content was reduced by 38%, 44%, and 51%, respectively. The convective heat transfer coefficient (h) of the frying oil was determined at 120C and 140C using the lumped capacitance method. The h-values were 21713 W/m2K (120C) and 25837 W/m2K (140C) using a copper-ball thermocouple. The h- values increased to 3.6 times during the boiling period. COMSOLTM Multiphysics was used to model the heat transfer in the vacuum fryer pan. Based on the simulation results, a 1.5 cm thick insulation material was installed in the fryer to reduce the energy losses. The refrigeration system operates at Tevap = -26C and Tcond = 50C with 26C sub-cooling. Sensitivity analysis showed that the system Coefficient of Performance (COP) was about 3.87 at these conditions and compressor power requirement (CPR) was 74 W (85% efficiency) when frying 30 g of potatoes slices. The best results were obtained at Tevap = -10C and Tcond = 40C with 26C sub-cooling and superheat of 5C. The predicted COP was 4 and the CPR 70 W. The ice-formation on coils reduced the condensation rate. Reducing the refrigerant temperature to -10C (from -26C) reduced the condensation rate by 30%. These results show a more effective vacuum frying system for high-quality fruits and vegetables than the system previously used.

Pandey, Akhilesh

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Effect of electron beam irradiation and sugar content on kinetics of microbial survival  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The killing effectiveness of electron beam irradiation has not been completely characterized. The type of microorganisms and the composition of food have a direct effect on the efficiency of this technology. The objectives of this study were to select a surrogate suitable for use in electron beam irradiation studies of fruits and to evaluate the effect of sugar content on the kinetics of microbial damage and recovery. A 2.0 MeV Van de Graaff linear accelerator was used to apply irradiation (up to 5.0 kGy), using different configurations, on gelatin-based systems with the addition of sugars. The systems were inoculated with pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria strains (surrogates). Initial studies showed that Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 is a suitable surrogate that represents the damage induced to common fruit pathogens by irradiation. The reduction in bacteria population can be maintained by storing samples at 4?°C. An increase in temperature up to 20?°C was enough for the damaged population to recover in 48 hours. Gelatin-based systems proved to be a simple and inexpensive medium to evaluate the effects of irradiation (up to 5.0 kGy) on selected bacteria. Reduction of the system dimensions and their positioning related to the beam source were key factors in increasing the killing effectiveness of irradiation. The sugar levels (up to 8 %) used to mimic the maturity of cantaloupes had no effect on the radiation D10 values and the recovery of the surrogate population quantified as Generation Times. The resistance of the surrogate to irradiation was validated in an optimum configuration and in cantaloupes. Temperature and sugar content caused significantly higher changes to the physical structure of the gel-based systems than irradiation (1.0 kGy). Plate counts and light microscopy techniques demonstrated that the structure of the gelatin-based systems allow for motility of the bacteria in a 3-D array (length, width and depth). When little information was available about the effectiveness of using a low energy linear accelerator, the inoculation of gelatin-based systems proved to be a reliable method to select a suitable surrogate and to predict the effects of irradiation on bacteria as a function of sugar content.

Rodriguez Gonzalez, Oscar

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

table10.8_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Capability to Switch Distillate Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; 8 Capability to Switch Distillate Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Thousand Barrels. Coal Coke RSE NAICS Total Not Electricity Natural Residual and Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Consumed(c) Switchable Switchable Receipts(d) Gas Fuel Oil Coal LPG Breeze Other(e) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.7 1.6 1.7 0.9 1.5 0.6 0.7 1.7 0.3 0.8 311 Food 3,177 986 767 Q 297 Q 1 Q 0 Q 10.4 311221 Wet Corn Milling 14 4 10 * 3 0 1 2 0 * 0.8 31131 Sugar 169 W 143 W W 0 0 0 0 0 0.7 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 242 Q 121 0 Q 0 0 0 0 * 27.1 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products

454

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abscisic Acid and Germination Abscisic Acid and Germination Name: Gabrielle Status: other Grade: other Location: FL Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Why would abscisic acid found in tomato inhitbit seed germination of a mustard seed, bean seed and corn seed? Replies: Many plants naturally have abscisic acid within the seeds to prevent sprouting until the spring. http://plantphys.info/seedg/seed.html "Inhibitors Present: Many plant species invest chemicals in the developing seeds, and these chemicals inhibit the development of the embryos. They keep the embryos dormant. Obviously the seed must have some way to eliminate these chemicals before they can sprout." "Abscisic Acid: Many temperate zone species that use inhibitors use abscisic acid. This chemical induces dormancy in the embryo. The chemical is produced in abundance in the late summer and early fall. The seeds in the fruits become dormant so, even if they are dispersed in autumn, they cannot sprout. During the winter enzymes in the seeds degrade the abscisic acid. By spring the abscisic acid is gone and the seed can sprout."

455

Fermilab Today  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2004 8, 2004 Calendar Thursday, March 18 2:30 p.m. Theoretical Physics Seminar - Curia II Speaker: U. Haisch, Fermilab Title: Theory of Rare Semileptonic B Decays 3:30 p.m. DIRECTOR'S COFFEE BREAK - 2nd Flr X-Over THERE WILL BE NO ACCELERATOR PHYSICS AND TECHNOLOGY SEMINAR TODAY Friday, March 19 3:30 p.m. Wine & Cheese - 2nd Flr X-Over 4:00 p.m. Joint Experimental Theoretical Physics Seminar - 1 West Speaker: G. Gomez-Ceballos, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Title: Status of Bottom, Charm, and QCD Physics at CDF Cafeteria Thursday, March 18 Old Fashioned Tomato soup Honey glazed pork chop w/two market sides $4.75 Baked cod Provencale w/orzo pasta $3.50 Assorted gourmet sandwiches and Panini $4.75 Double bacon cheese burger w/soup or fries $4.75 Rustic chicken salad over wild greens w/fresh fruit $3.75

456

Crabapples  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crabapples Crabapples Nature Bulletin No. 754 May 2, 1964 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor CRABAPPLES When the wild crabapples and the hawthorns bloom in May, and dense thickets of them are covered with showy blossoms, then your forest preserves provide some breath-taking spectacles along the highways and for those who travel the trails. The redbud and the flowering dogwood that adorn the woodlands of central and southern Illinois in spring are not native in Cook County but our crabs and haws more than make up for them. The wild crabapples and the hawthorns are small thorny trees abundant along woodland borders, the trails, and in abandoned fields, Their fruits are eaten by birds and mammals which spread the undigested seeds. As a result, from a wood's edge they invade an open area and progress until, if not kept in check by mowers or axes and grub hoes, they form almost impenetrable thickets and -especially the hawthorns -- take complete possession.

457

table1.2_02  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; 2 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Trillion Btu. Shipments RSE NAICS Net Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coke and of Energy Sources Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal Breeze Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.9 1 1.2 1.8 1 1.6 0.8 0.9 1.2 0.4 311 Food 1,123 230 13 19 582 5 184 1 89 0 6.8 311221 Wet Corn Milling 217 23 * * 61 * 121 0 11 0 1.1 31131 Sugar 112 2 2 1 22 * 37 1 46 0 0.9 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 47 7 1 1 36 Q 0 0 1 0 11 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 105 26 2 2 46 1 17 0 11

458

Buckeyes and Horse Chestnuts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Buckeyes and Horse Chestnuts Buckeyes and Horse Chestnuts Nature Bulletin No. 266-A April 22, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation BUCKEYES AND HORSE CHESTNUTS Most children know Longfellow's poem which begins: "Under the spreading chestnut tree the village smithy stands"; but few people know that, actually, the tree which inspired it was a horse chestnut. The native buckeyes and their imported relatives, the horse chestnuts, are much different from the true chestnut but among them are some of our finest street and shade trees. They belong to a family which includes kinds that are large, some that are medium-sized or small, and some that are only shrubs. They are notable for their dense foliage of large toothed leaves, their upstanding showy "candles" of flowers in spring, and their peculiar fruit or nuts. The flowers are white, yellow, red or varicolored, according to the species. The leaves, growing upon thick branchlets which have no fine twigs, have from 3 to 9 large leaflets set upon the end of a long stem like the spread fingers of a human hand .

459

table10.9_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Distillate Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; 9 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Distillate Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Establishment Counts. Coal Coke RSE NAICS Total Not Electricity Natural Residual and Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Consumed(d) Switchable Switchable Receipts(e) Gas Fuel Oil Coal LPG Breeze Other(f) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1 1.3 1 0.9 1.2 1 0.8 1.3 0.8 0.9 311 Food 2,418 789 1,899 129 447 176 W 280 0 40 12.4 311221 Wet Corn Milling 20 7 15 W 4 0 W W 0 W 1 31131 Sugar 40 W W W W 0 0 0 0 0 0.9 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 123 6 117 0 5 0 0 0 0 W 6.9 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 251 30 227

460

Originally Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2006 2 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2006 Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources Unit: Trillion Btu. NAICS Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coal and Breeze Total United States 311 Food 1,124 251 26 16 635 3 147 1 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 316 53 2 1 118 * 114 0 311221 Wet Corn Milling 179 23 * * 52 * 95 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 67 3 9 1 18 * 31 1 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food 168 33 2 1 126 1 1 0 3115 Dairy Product 121 34 1 1 83 * * 0 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 220 60 3 5 145 1 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 101 30 3 1 41 1 20 0 3121 Beverages 89 26 2 1 38 1 16 0 3122 Tobacco 13

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

table3.2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption, 2002; Fuel Consumption, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.6 0.9 1.8 0.7 0.7 1.1 311 Food 1,116 230 13 19 575 5 184 1 90 7.6 311221 Wet Corn Milling 217 23 * * 61 * 121 0 11 1.2 31131 Sugar 111 2 2 1 22 * 37 1 46 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 47 7 1 1 36 Q 0 0 1 12.5 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 104 26 2 2 46 1 17 0 10 4.4 3121 Beverages 85 22 1 2 42 1 8 0 10 5.9 3122 Tobacco 19 4 1 * 4 * 10 0 * 1 313 Textile Mills 205 86 4 2 74 2 22 0 15 15.7 314 Textile Product Mills 60 17 2 Q 29 1 Q 0 Q 21.7 315 Apparel 30 12 * 1 16 * 0 0 * 23.2 316 Leather and Allied Products 7 2 * * 4 * 0 0 * 8.5 321 Wood Products 375 72 1 10 57 5 1 0 229 4.5 321113 Sawmills

462

Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.4 Number of Establishments by First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2006; 1.4 Number of Establishments by First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2006; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments Unit: Establishment Counts. Any Shipments NAICS Energy Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke and of Energy Sources Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Natural Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal Breeze Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Total United States 311 Food 14,128 14,113 326 1,475 11,399 2,947 67 15 1,210 W 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 580 580 15 183 449 269 35 0 148 W 311221 Wet Corn Milling 47 47 W 17 44 19 18 0 18 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 78 78 11 45 61 35 26 15 45 0 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food 1,125

463

Elderberries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Elderberries Elderberries Nature Bulletin No. 425-A September 18, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation ELDERBERRIES The Elderberry, or American Elder, is one of the most common fruit- bearing shrubs of North America and, to the Indians and early settlers, one of the most useful. It thrives along roadsides, fencerows and streams or in low places and moist open woodlands. From a tangled mass of roots it sends up several stems from 5 to 10 feet tall and usually a number of sprouts. Its fragrant blossoms -- broad flat-topped many- branched clusters of little creamy white star-shaped flowers -- do not appear until June or July when the days are very long. The older stems have branches at joints about a foot apart -- sometimes several at a joint -- and along these are pairs of compound leaves each having from 5 to 11 narrow pointed leaflets. When bruised, the leaflets have a rank disagreeable smell. The branches and young stems have a thin shell of wood around a cylinder of soft white pith.

464

Parasitic Wasps  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parasitic Wasps Parasitic Wasps Nature Bulletin No. 357-A November 8, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation PARASITIC WASPS Nearly everyone thinks of insects as enemies of mankind, and many of them are. Insect pests bite us. They also bite and aggravate our domestic animals. They spread diseases. They damage or destroy our crops and trees. They infect our food, our clothing and our dwellings. Men and insects have always been at war but, even with all our modern chemicals and other weapons, we have never been able to exterminate one single species of insect from the face of the earth. If it were not for the beneficial insects -- our friends -- the human race could not survive. Certain insects produce valuable materials such as honey, beeswax, silk and shellac. Without insects there would be few crops, no gardens of vegetables or flowers, no fruits, no tobacco, no shrubs, nor most of the plant growth that enriches our landscape, because about 85 percent of all flowering plants require cross pollination of their blossoms by some sort of insect. Insects also enrich the soil. They serve as scavengers. And they supply more than half the food for birds, freshwater fishes, reptiles, amphibians and small mammals.

465

Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources;  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4.4 Number of Establishments by Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2010; 4.4 Number of Establishments by Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Establishment Counts. Any NAICS Energy Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Natural Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal and Breeze Other(g) Total United States 311 Food 13,269 13,265 144 2,413 10,373 4,039 64 W 1,496 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 602 602 9 201 489 268 30 0 137 311221 Wet Corn Milling 59 59 W 26 50 36 15 0 28 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 73 73 3 36 67 12 11 W 11 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 987 987 17 207 839 503 W 0 207 3115 Dairy Products 998 998 12 217 908 161 W 0 79 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing

466

Flying Squirrel Captive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flying Squirrel Captive Flying Squirrel Captive Name: Tammy Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: hello there, was looking around the internet for ideas on what to feed my daughters' pet flying squirrel when I happened across your page. When I saw the name Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation I decided to send an email because my name is also Eisenbeis. My question is what types of fruits and veggies should I feed him and is there anything he should not have? Replies: Hello, I have been taking care of flying squirrels for twenty years as part of our nature center display. We feed our flying squirrels Purina Mouse Chow with an occasional supplement of acorns, when they are available, and/or sunflower seeds. Sunflower seeds can be unhealthy if fed in too large a quantity. The high oil content can lead to hair loss. Also, changes in diet can lead to a loose droppings and a "messy" cage. Avoid feeding large quantities of any fresh foods and only add them a couple times a week, if you do.

467

Long-Term Reduction in 137Cs Concentration in Food Crops on Coral Atolls Resulting from Potassium Treatment  

SciTech Connect

Bikini Island was contaminated March 1, 1954 by the Bravo detonation (U.S nuclear test series, Castle) at Bikini Atoll. About 90% of the estimated dose from nuclear fallout to potential island residents is from cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) transferred from soil to plants that are consumed by residents. Thus, radioecology research efforts have been focused on removing {sup 137}Cs from soil and/or reducing its uptake into vegetation. Most effective was addition of potassium (K) to soil that reduces {sup 137}Cs concentration in fruits to 3-5% of pretreatment concentrations. Initial observations indicated this low concentration continued for some time after K was last applied. Long-term studies were designed to evaluate this persistence in more detail because it is very important to provide assurance to returning populations that {sup 137}Cs concentrations in food (and, therefore, radiation dose) will remain low for extended periods, even if K is not applied annually or biennially. Potassium applied at 300, 660, 1260, and 1970 kg ha{sup -1} lead to a {sup 137}Cs concentration in drinking coconut meat that is 34, 22, 10, and about 4 % of original concentration, respectively. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs remains low 8 to 10 y after K is last applied. An explanation for this unexpected result is discussed.

Robison, W; Stone, E; Hamilton, T; Conrado, C

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

468

Ubiquitous Electronic Tagging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The automatic identification industry is growing rapidly. Tags occur in many forms and appear on everything from luggage at the airport, to dogs, trains and fresh fruit. As with many advancing technologies, there are a variety of standards that do not inter-operate and thus hinder widespread deployment. But the trend for the growth of this technology is inescapable: electronic machine-readable tags (e-tags) are becoming tiny, cheap and easy to deploy. An e-tag can now also serve as a data repository for the object that it is attached to. Imagine if every object ever processed had one or more machine-readable tags embedded into it. What applications would that enable? These tags would uniquely identify the object and be readable from a distance, not even requiring a battery. In addition to identification information, e-tags can record their history, or offer dynamic data from an embedded sensor indicating, for example, the tag's temperature. This paper examines the applications and co...

Roy Want; Daniel M. Russell

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Effects of hydroelectric turbine passage on fish early life stages  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Turbine-passage mortality has been studied extensively for juveniles and adults of migratory fish species, but few studies have directly quantified mortality of fish eggs and larvae. An analysis of literature relating to component stresses of turbine passage (i.e., pressure changes, blade contact, and shear) indicates that mortality of early life stages of fish would be relatively low at low-head, bulb turbine installations. The shear forces and pressure regimes normally experienced are insufficient to cause high mortality rates. The probability of contact with turbine blades is related to the size of the fish; less than 5% of entrained ichthyoplankton would be killed by the blades in a bulb turbine. Other sources of mortality (e.g., cavitation and entrainment of fish acclimated to deep water) are controlled by operation of the facility and thus are mitigable. Because turbine-passage mortality among fish early life stages can be very difficult to estimate directly, it may be more fruitful to base the need for mitigation at any given site on detailed knowledge of turbine characteristics and the susceptibility of the fish community to entrainment. 7 refs., 1 fig.

Cada, G.F.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Combined transmission distribution load flow model employing system reduction and voltage variable load representation  

SciTech Connect

In the few decades since its introduction the digital computer has found widespread application within the electric power industry. One of the more fruitful areas for its utilization has been in the determination of the steady-state voltage conditions throughout the system. A power system naturally breaks down into two very distinct parts: transmission and distribution, and traditionally, the voltage problem has been separated the same way. In the transmission system it is referred to as a load flow problem, and in the distribution part it is called a voltage profile. In addition, the loads are often treated differently. Transmission loads are usually considered to be constant power, and the equations that result are therefore nonlinear. In the distribution portion the loads, though specified in terms of power, are sometimes handled as constant impedances, with linear equations. This work produced a new model wherein a mesh transmission system is combined with a radial distribution system and they are solved simultaneously. A system reduction technique is used to eliminate part of the transmission system from consideration, and thereby keep the problem at a manageable size. The solution algorithm incorporates a voltage variable load model which approximates the behavior of real loads more nearly than the common representations.

Enouen, P.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Parameter Estimation from an Optimal Projection in a Local Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The parameter fit from a model grid is limited by our capability to reduce the number of models, taking into account the number of parameters and the non linear variation of the models with the parameters. The Local MultiLinear Regression (LMLR) algorithms allow one to fit linearly the data in a local environment. The MATISSE algorithm, developed in the context of the estimation of stellar parameters from the Gaia RVS spectra, is connected to this class of estimators. A two-steps procedure was introduced. A raw parameter estimation is first done in order to localize the parameter environment. The parameters are then estimated by projection on specific vectors computed for an optimal estimation. The MATISSE method is compared to the estimation using the objective analysis. In this framework, the kernel choice plays an important role. The environment needed for the parameter estimation can result from it. The determination of a first parameter set can be also avoided for this analysis. These procedures based on a local projection can be fruitfully applied to non linear parameter estimation if the number of data sets to be fitted is greater than the number of models.

A. Bijaoui; A. Recio-Blanco; P. de Laverny

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

472

table3.1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Consumption, 2002; Fuel Consumption, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.6 0.9 1.8 0.7 0.7 1.1 311 Food 1,116 67,521 2 3 560 1 8 * 90 7.6 311221 Wet Corn Milling 217 6,851 * * 59 * 5 0 11 1.2 31131 Sugar 111 725 * * 22 * 2 * 46 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 47 1,960 * * 35 * 0 0 1 12.5 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 104 7,639 * * 45 * 1 0 10 4.4 3121 Beverages 85 6,426 * * 41 * * 0 10 5.9 3122 Tobacco 19 1,213 * * 4 * * 0 * 1 313 Textile Mills 205 25,271 1 * 72 * 1 0 15 15.7 314 Textile Product Mills 60 4,875 * Q 28 * * 0 Q 21.7 315 Apparel 30 3,588 * * 16 * 0 0 * 23.2 316 Leather and Allied Products 7 716 * * 4 * 0 0 * 8.5 321 Wood Products

473

table7.6_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002; 6 Quantity of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coal and Breeze RSE NAICS Total Electricity Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) Gas(c) NGL(d) (million (million Other(e) Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) (billion cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.5 0.9 1.5 0.8 0.6 1.1 311 Food 1,082 W 2 3 566 1 9 * 40 8.2 311221 Wet Corn Milling 220 W * * 59 * 6 0 9 1.1 31131 Sugar 71 733 * * 22 * 2 * 3 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 47 1,987 * * 35 * 0 0 1 12.6

474

table8.2_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Number of Establishments by Usage of General Energy-Saving Technologies, 2002 2 Number of Establishments by Usage of General Energy-Saving Technologies, 2002 Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Usage within General Energy-Saving Technologies Unit: Establishment Counts. NAICS Code(a) Subsector and Industry Establishments(b) In Use(e) Not in Use Don't Know In Use(e) Not in Use Don't Know Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0 1.1 0.7 1.2 1 0.9 1.3 311 Food 15,089 1,546 12,347 1,196 4,360 9,442 1,287 311221 Wet Corn Milling 49 14 34 1 38 10 1 31131 Sugar 77 4 68 5 59 14 4 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 468 64 352 52 142 275 51 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 1,595 234 1,095 266 367 954 274 3121 Beverages 1,517 214 1,039 264 333 913 271 3122 Tobacco 78

475

table7.2_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002; 2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu. Bituminous and NAICS Coal Subbituminous Coal Petroleum Code(a) Subsector and Industry TOTAL Acetylene Breeze Total Anthracite Coal Lignite Coke Coke Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.1 2.1 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.7 0.9 311 Food 6.42 113.78 0 1.46 W 1.46 0 5.18 0 311221 Wet Corn Milling 3.11 106.84 0 1.32 0 1.32 0 0 0 31131 Sugar 3.14 80.39 0 1.65 W 1.64 0 5.18 0 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 7.09 103.28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 7.53 123.52 0 2.32 0 2.32 0 0 0 3121 Beverages 7.96 124.83

476

table2.2_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2002; 2 Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. RSE NAICS Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coke Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) Gas(c) NGL(d) Coal and Breeze Other(e) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.4 0.4 1.6 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.7 1.2 311 Food 8 * Q 7 0 0 * * 10.2 311221 Wet Corn Milling * 0 * 0 0 0 0 * 0.7 31131 Sugar * 0 * * 0 0 * * 0.9 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning * * * 0 0 0 0 * 1.7 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 1 * * * 0 0 0 1 2.3 3121 Beverages * * * 0 0 0 0 * 28.9 3122 Tobacco 1 0 0 * 0 0 0 1 0.8 313 Textile Mills 1 0 * 1 0 0 0 * 0.8 314 Textile Product Mills * 0 0 * 0 * 0 * 2 315 Apparel

477

table1.4_02  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Number of Establishments by First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002 4 Number of Establishments by First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002 Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Establishment Counts. Any Shipments NAICS Energy Net Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coke and of Energy Sources Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal Breeze Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.7 0.7 1.4 1.2 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.3 0.5 311 Food 15,089 15,045 275 2,536 12,106 3,159 91 23 1,911 0 311221 Wet Corn Milling 49 49 3 20 47 14 19 0 15 0 31131 Sugar 77 77 18 41 63 31 24 23 45 0 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 468 468 40 128 416 229 0 0 153 0 312

478

table7.9_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2002; 9 Expenditures for Purchased Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Million U.S. Dollars. RSE NAICS Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coke Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Electricity Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(b) Gas(c) NGL(d) Coal and Breeze Other(e) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.5 0.9 1.4 0.8 0.7 1.2 311 Food 6,943 3,707 58 135 2,546 38 276 8 175 8 311221 Wet Corn Milling 683 252 2 1 237 * 165 0 26 1.1 31131 Sugar 224 39 11 8 84 * 63 8 10 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 333 139 5 8 168 Q 0 0 4 13.5 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 780 479 8 18 201 9 40 0 25 5.8 3121 Beverages 665 413 4 Q 182 8 16 0 25 5.6 3122 Tobacco 115

479

Originally Released: July 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coke and Shipments Net Residual Distillate Natural Gas(e) LPG and Coal Breeze of Energy Sources NAICS Total(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) (billion NGL(f) (million (million Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) (trillion Btu) Total United States 311 Food 1,186 73,440 4 3 620 1 7 * 105 * 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 318 15,464 * * 117 * 5 0 29 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling 179 6,746 * * 51 * 4 0 9 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 82 968 1 * 17 * 1 * 20 0 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food 169 9,708 * * 123 * * 0 4 0 3115 Dairy Product 121 10,079 * * 80 * * 0 1 0 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 226 17,545 1 1 141 * 0 0 12 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 107

480

Table 11.1 Electricity: Components of Net Demand, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.1 Electricity: Components of Net Demand, 2010; 1.1 Electricity: Components of Net Demand, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Electricity Components; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Total Sales and Net Demand NAICS Transfers Onsite Transfers for Code(a) Subsector and Industry Purchases In(b) Generation(c) Offsite Electricity(d) Total United States 311 Food 75,652 21 5,666 347 80,993 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 16,620 0 3,494 142 19,972 311221 Wet Corn Milling 7,481 0 3,213 14 10,680 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 1,264 0 1,382 109 2,537 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 9,258 0 336 66 9,528 3115 Dairy Products 9,585 2 38 22 9,602 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 20,121 15 19 0 20,155 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unpicked low-hanging fruit" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

table4.1_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2002; 1 Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Physical Units or Btu. Coke Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coal and Breeze RSE NAICS Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) Gas(d) NGL(e) (million (million Other(f) Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) (billion cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.6 0.9 1.8 0.7 0.7 1.2 311 Food 1,079 68,230 2 3 560 1 8 * 50 8 311221 Wet Corn Milling 217 7,098 * * 59 * 5 0 11 1.1 31131 Sugar 74 733 * * 22 * 2 * 8 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 47 1,987 * * 35 * 0

482

table10.7_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; 7 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Electricity to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Establishment Counts. Coal Coke RSE NAICS Total Not Natural Distillate Residual and Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Receipts(d) Switchable Switchable Gas Fuel Oil Fuel Oil Coal LPG Breeze Other(e) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.6 1.2 0.6 1.2 1.3 1 0.8 1.4 1.3 1.2 311 Food 15,045 582 14,905 185 437 30 W 170 0 55 11.4 311221 Wet Corn Milling 49 W W W 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2 31131 Sugar 77 8 74 W 4 W W 0 0 W 1.1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 468 37 443 Q 34 0 0 13 0 0 10.4 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 1,595 70 1,556

483

Mast  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mast Mast Nature Bulletin No. 355-A October 25, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation MAST Mast, according to Webster, was an Anglo-Saxon word for the nuts, especially beechnuts, which littered the forest floor and served as food for hogs, deer and grouse. In addition to nuts and acorns, the term is often extended to include the winged seeds of such trees as maple, elm and ash, and even the nuts or seeds of pines -- all eaten by wildlife. Acorns, rich in starch, fat and vitamins, are now most widely available and most commonly eaten. The oily beechnuts on the uplands and pecans in the bottom lands are also important but much less so than in pioneer days. Until about 50 years ago, chestnuts -- now destroyed by a blight from Asia -- were of major importance in eastern United States. Hickory nuts, hazelnuts, walnuts and butternuts, because of their thick hard shells, are eaten principally by squirrels, chipmunks and their kin. In addition to mast, the fruits and berries of gum, cherry, persimmon, hawthorn, crabapple and other trees furnish much food for wildlife; and many shrubs and vines such as wild grape, blueberry and blackberry.

484

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Coke and Shipments Net Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coal Breeze of Energy Sources NAICS Total(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Gas(e) NGL(f) (million (million Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Code(a) Subsector and Industry (trillion Btu) (million kWh) (million bbl) (million bbl) (billion cu ft) (million bbl) short tons) short tons) (trillion Btu) (trillion Btu) Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.9 1 1.2 1.8 1 1.6 0.8 0.9 1.2 0.4 311 Food 1,123 67,521 2 3 567 1 8 * 89 0 311221 Wet Corn Milling 217 6,851 * * 59 * 5 0 11 0 31131 Sugar 112 725 * * 22 * 2 * 46 0 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 47 1,960 * * 35 * 0 0 1 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 105 7,639 * * 45 * 1 0 11 0 3121 Beverages 85 6,426 * * 41 * * 0 10 0 3122 Tobacco 20 1,213 * * 4 * * 0 1 0 313 Textile Mills 207 25,271 1 * 73 * 1 0 15 0 314

485

Table 3.2 Fuel Consumption, 2010;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 Fuel Consumption, 2010; 2 Fuel Consumption, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. NAICS Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total Electricity(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) Natural Gas(d) NGL(e) Coal and Breeze Other(f) Total United States 311 Food 1,158 257 12 22 579 6 182 2 99 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 350 56 * 1 121 * 126 0 45 311221 Wet Corn Milling 214 25 * * 53 * 110 0 25 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 107 4 1 1 15 * 49 2 36 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 143 31 1 Q 100 1 2 0 4 3115 Dairy Products 105 33 2 2 66 1 * 0 2 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 212 69 5 3 125 2 Q 0 8 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 86 29 1 1 38 1 10 0 7 3121 Beverages

486

table2.4_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Number of Establishments by Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2002; 4 Number of Establishments by Nonfuel (Feedstock) Use of Combustible Energy, 2002; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes (3-Digit Only); Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Establishment Counts. Any Combustible RSE NAICS Energy Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coke Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(c) Gas(d) NGL(e) Coal and Breeze Other(f) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.5 0.6 1.1 1 1.1 0.7 1 1.4 311 Food 406 W 152 185 0 0 4 83 9.6 311221 Wet Corn Milling W 0 W 0 0 0 0 W 0.8 31131 Sugar 6 0 W W 0 0 4 W 0.9 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 14 W 6 0 0 0 0 9 5.6 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 31 W 5 W 0 0 0 15 12.4 3121 Beverages Q W 5 0 0 0 0 12 31.9 3122 Tobacco W 0 0 W 0 0 0 W 0.8

487

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 6.1 Consumption Ratios of Fuel, 2006 Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy-Consumption Ratios Unit: Varies. Consumption Consumption per Dollar Consumption per Dollar of Value NAICS per Employee of Value Added of Shipments Code(a) Subsector and Industry (million Btu) (thousand Btu) (thousand Btu) Total United States 311 Food 879.8 5.0 2.2 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 6,416.6 17.5 5.7 311221 Wet Corn Milling 21,552.1 43.6 18.2 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 6,629.2 31.3 12.2 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 1,075.3 5.5 2.8 3115 Dairy Products 956.3 4.3 1.3 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 493.8 4.4 1.6 312

488

table10.3_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; 3 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Natural Gas to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Establishment Counts. Coal Coke RSE NAICS Total Not Electricity Distillate Residual and Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Consumed(d) Switchable Switchable Receipts(e) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil Coal LPG Breeze Other(f) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.6 1.1 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 311 Food 12,018 2,210 10,674 532 1,170 413 75 862 3 25 9.9 311221 Wet Corn Milling 47 16 39 4 6 W W 6 0 W 1 31131 Sugar 62 23 51 W 4 13 4 0 W 0 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 416 113 337 4 67 49 W 32 W W 5.5 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products

489

Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Electricity Components;  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.1 Electricity: Components of Net Demand, 2006; 1.1 Electricity: Components of Net Demand, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Electricity Components; Unit: Million Kilowatthours. Total Sales and Net Demand NAICS Transfers Onsite Transfers for Code(a) Subsector and Industry Purchases In(b) Generation(c) Offsite Electricity(d) Total United States 311 Food 73,242 309 4,563 111 78,003 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 15,283 253 2,845 72 18,310 311221 Wet Corn Milling 6,753 48 2,396 55 9,142 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 920 54 951 7 1,919 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foo 9,720 1 268 13 9,976 3115 Dairy Products 10,079 0 44 0 10,123 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing 17,545 0 17 0 17,562 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products

490

Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes (3-Digit Only); Column: Energy Sources  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.4 Number of Establishments by Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2006; 4.4 Number of Establishments by Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes (3-Digit Only); Column: Energy Sources Unit: Establishment Counts. Any NAICS Energy Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Natural Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal and Breeze Other(g) Total United States 311 Food 14,128 14,109 326 1,462 11,395 2,920 67 13 1,149 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 580 580 15 174 445 269 35 0 144 311221 Wet Corn Milling 47 47 W 17 44 19 18 0 17 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 78 78 11 43 61 35 26 13 35 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food 1,125 1,125 13 112 961 325 W 0 127 3115 Dairy Product 1,044 1,044 25 88 941 147 W 0 95

491

table10.10_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; 0 Capability to Switch Coal to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Thousand Short Tons. RSE NAICS Total Not Electricity Natural Distillate Residual Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Consumed(c) Switchable Switchable Receipts(d) Gas Fuel Oil Fuel Oil LPG Other(e) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.4 1.1 1.5 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.2 1.5 0.5 311 Food 8,290 1,689 7,112 0 1,410 Q 212 313 7 8.5 311221 Wet Corn Milling 5,462 771 5,201 0 766 0 0 249 6 0.9 31131 Sugar 1,648 388 1,260 0 243 0 W 0 2 0.9 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products

492

table10.4_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Capability to Switch Residual Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; 4 Capability to Switch Residual Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes, Value of Shipments and Employment Sizes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Thousand Barrels. Coal Coke RSE NAICS Total Not Electricity Natural Distillate and Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Consumed(c) Switchable Switchable Receipts(d) Gas Fuel Oil Coal LPG Breeze Other(e) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.9 1.4 1.9 0.6 1.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 0 0.7 311 Food 2,125 1,411 508 0 819 W W Q 0 Q 11.1 311221 Wet Corn Milling 61 W 45 0 0 W 0 0 0 0 0.8 31131 Sugar 346 193 98 0 169 0 W 0 0 0 0.7 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 153 29 Q 0 29 * 0 0 0 0 24.6 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products

493

Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.4 Number of Establishments by Fuel Consumption, 2006; 3.4 Number of Establishments by Fuel Consumption, 2006; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources Unit: Establishment Counts. Any NAICS Energy Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Natural Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal and Breeze Other(g) Total United States 311 Food 14,128 14,113 326 1,462 11,395 2,920 67 13 1,240 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 580 580 15 174 445 269 35 0 148 311221 Wet Corn Milling 47 47 W 17 44 19 18 0 18 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 78 78 11 43 61 35 26 13 45 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Food 1,125 1,125 13 112 961 325 W 0 127 3115 Dairy Product 1,044 1,044 25 88 941 147 W 0 104 3116 Animal Slaughtering and Processing

494

table3.4_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Number of Establishments by Fuel Consumption, 2002; 4 Number of Establishments by Fuel Consumption, 2002; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Establishment Counts. Any RSE NAICS Energy Net Residual Distillate Natural LPG and Coke Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal and Breeze Other(g) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 0.7 0.7 1.3 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.2 1 1.2 311 Food 15,089 15,045 274 2,418 12,018 3,159 91 19 1,858 5.1 311221 Wet Corn Milling 49 49 3 20 47 14 19 0 15 1 31131 Sugar 77 77 18 40 62 31 24 19 44 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 468 468 38 123 416 229 0 0 146 7.8 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 1,595 1,595 35 251 1,132 630 17 0 184 11 3121 Beverages 1,517 1,517

495

table10.5_02.xls  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Residual Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; 5 Number of Establishments with Capability to Switch Residual Fuel Oil to Alternative Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Establishment Counts. Coal Coke RSE NAICS Total Not Electricity Natural Distillate and Row Code(a) Subsector and Industry Consumed(d) Switchable Switchable Receipts(e) Gas Fuel Oil Coal LPG Breeze Other(f) Factors Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.3 1 1.5 0.7 1 0.8 0.6 1.2 1.4 0.8 311 Food 274 183 108 0 119 72 W Q 0 15 15.2 311221 Wet Corn Milling 3 W W 0 0 W 0 0 0 0 0.9 31131 Sugar 18 9 9 0 9 0 W 0 0 0 1 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 38 26 30 0 26 W 0 0 0 0 8.1 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 35 17 Q 0 17 6 W 0 0 0 8

496

Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments;  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1.4 Number of Establishments by First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2010; 1.4 Number of Establishments by First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2010; Level: National Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Establishment Counts. Any Shipments NAICS Energy Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke and of Energy Sources Code(a) Subsector and Industry Source(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Natural Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal Breeze Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Total United States 311 Food 13,269 13,265 151 2,494 10,376 4,061 64 7 1,668 W 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 602 602 9 201 490 286 30 0 165 W 311221 Wet Corn Milling 59 59 W 26 50 36 15 0 29 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 73 73 3 36 67 13 11 7 15 0 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 987 987

497

Ladybugs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ladybugs Ladybugs Nature Bulletin No. 82 September 7, 1946 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Clayton F. Smith, President Roberts Mann, Supt. of conservation LADY-BUG. Gardeners have remarked this summer upon the unusual number of lady-bugs. This was largely due to the great quantity of aphids or plant- lice last year. Like all other animals, insects have enemies which normally tend to limit their numbers if man does not upset things. These enemies may be diseases, mites, reptiles, rodents, birds or other insects. As an insect becomes abundant its enemies, too, tend to become more numerous. These soon deplete their food supply and themselves decline in numbers, after which their prey increases again. And so it goes, in cycles. There are large numbers of insects of different kinds which prey on other insects. Cone group consists of parasites that live within or on a single "host" and gradually consume it. The other group surprises the predators which, as adults or larvae or both, kill and eat large numbers of their prey. Among the most beneficial of the predator insects are the "lady-bugs" or ladybird beetles: known to children because of the Old Mother Goose rhyme; praised and protected by the vegetable gardener, the farmer, the fruit grower and the forester.

498

Flowers of the Bible  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flowers of the Bible Flowers of the Bible Nature Bulletin No. 713 April 13, 1963 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor FLOWERS OF THE BIBLE "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets" (Matthew 5:17). Reverently and humbly I venture to explain some of the myths and misconceptions that have accumulated about the flowers mentioned in the Bible. It is a remarkable fact that, other than the blossoms on flowering shrubs and trees such as the almond, there are only three: the lily, the rose, and the camphire. Curiously, too, all three are mentioned in the Song of Solomon: "My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi. I am the rose of Sharon and the lily of the valleys . Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard, spikenard and saffron. The spikenard referred to is a Himalayan plant from whose roots was and is extracted a precious ointment and perfume. It is nothing like our American spikenard, a common woodland plant. Saffron, used in curry and as a yellow dye, is the product of several species of crocuses native in Greece and Asia Minor.

499

table3.5_02  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2002; 5 Selected Byproducts in Fuel Consumption, 2002; Level: National Data and Regional Totals; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources; Unit: Trillion Btu. Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.1 0.6 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.3 311 Food 6 0 3 0 0 2 1 5.3 311221 Wet Corn Milling 3 0 * 0 0 2 * 0.9 31131 Sugar * 0 * 0 0 0 0 0.9 311421 Fruit and Vegetable Canning 1 0 * 0 0 0 * 0.9 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 2 0 1 0 0 1 * 1.9 3121 Beverages 2 0 1 0 0 1 * 1.9 3122 Tobacco 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 313 Textile Mills * 0 0 0 0 * 0 0.0 314 Textile Product Mills Q 0 0 0 0 Q 0 0.0 315 Apparel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 316 Leather and Allied Products 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 321 Wood Products 210 0 0 0 0 205 6 5.1 321113 Sawmills 85 0 0 0 0 83 2 10.6 3212 Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Woods

500

Table 1.2 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2010; 2 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources and Shipments; Unit: Trillion Btu. Shipments NAICS Net Residual Distillate LPG and Coke and of Energy Sources Code(a) Subsector and Industry Total(b) Electricity(c) Fuel Oil Fuel Oil(d) Natural Gas(e) NGL(f) Coal Breeze Other(g) Produced Onsite(h) Total United States 311 Food 1,162 257 12 23 583 8 182 2 96 * 3112 Grain and Oilseed Milling 355 56 * 1 123 Q 126 0 47 * 311221 Wet Corn Milling 215 25 * * 53 * 110 0 26 0 31131 Sugar Manufacturing 107 4 1 1 15 * 49 2 36 0 3114 Fruit and Vegetable Preserving and Specialty Foods 143 31 1 Q 100 1 2 0 4 0 3115 Dairy Products 105 33 2 2 67