National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for unknown keywords biogas

  1. Keyword programming in Java

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Danny Greg

    Keyword programming is a novel technique for reducing the need to remember details of programming language syntax and APIs, by translating a small number of unordered keywords provided by the user into a valid expression. ...

  2. Spatial Keyword Query (SKQ)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadias, Dimitris

    S contains keywords {"Starbucks", "Boardway", "Cinema"} 3 #12;Types of Query Single object oriented SKQ o", "Starbucks"} Result = {o7, o9 } 10 #12;m Closest Keywords Query (mCK Query) Query input o a set of keywords., ICDE'09 Example Input: q. = {"Cinema", "Starbucks"} Result = {o7, o9 } 11 #12;localitySearch Query

  3. Biogas Opportunities Roadmap

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Biogas Opportunities Roadmap builds on progress made to date to identify voluntary actions that can be taken to reduce methane emissions through the use of biogas systems and outlines strategies to overcome barriers limiting further expansion and development of a robust biogas industry in the United States.

  4. Programming with keywords

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Greg (Danny Greg)

    2007-01-01

    Modern applications provide interfaces for scripting, but many users do not know how to write script commands. However, many users are familiar with the idea of entering keywords into a web search engine. Hence, if a user ...

  5. Numerical and experimental study of soot formation in laminar diffusion flames burning simulated biogas fuels at elevated pressures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gülder, Ömer L.

    biogas fuels at elevated pressures Marc R.J. Charest , Ömer L. Gülder, Clinton P.T. Groth University 18 April 2014 Available online 2 June 2014 Keywords: Soot formation High pressure combustion Biogas, and other chemical species that are harmful to human health and the environment. Gaseous biofuels, or biogas

  6. Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

    2009-01-01

    from soils amended with biogas waste compared to otherCrutzen et al. 2008). Biogas production from organicamounts of fermentation effluent (biogas waste) remain after

  7. Biogas Technologies and Integration with Fuel Cells

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Food waste Packaged food waste Energy crops Manure Feedstocks for Anaerobic Digestion Biogas Utilization Biomethane Production Biogas Utilization Gas grid Bio fuel Biogas plant...

  8. Biogas Opportunities Roadmap Progress Report Infographic | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    More Documents & Publications Biogas Opportunities Roadmap Progress Report Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop,...

  9. American Biogas Council: The Voice of the U.S. Biogas Industry

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Breakout Session 3-C: Renewable Gaseous Fuels American Biogas Council: The Voice of the U.S. Biogas Industry Patrick Serfass, Executive Director, American Biogas Council

  10. Air Liquide - Biogas & Fuel Cells

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and the environment PT Loma WWTP, Biogas to Fuel Cell Power BioFuels Energy Biogas to BioMethane to 4.5 MW Fuel Cell Power 3 FCE Fuel Cells 2 via directed...

  11. Life forms: A keyword entry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmreich, Stefan

    We deliver a "keyword" account of the term life form as it has been used in natural philosophy and biology over the last two hundred years, beginning with its appearance in German as Lebensform. We argue that life form ...

  12. MATERIALS ENGINEERING KEYWORDS: beryllium, stainless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    MATERIALS ENGINEERING KEYWORDS: beryllium, stainless steel, heat conductance EXPERIMENTAL MEASUREMENT OF THE INTERFACE HEAT CONDUCTANCE BETWEEN NONCONFORMING BERYLLIUM AND TYPE 316 STAINLESS STEEL In fusion blanket designs that employ beryllium as a neutron multiplier, the interface conductance h plays

  13. Biogas Opportunities Roadmap Fact Sheet

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biogas Opportunities Roadmap: Voluntary Actions to Reduce Methane Emissions, Increase Energy Independence and Grow the Economy President Obama's Climate Action Plan In his Climate...

  14. THERMAL HYDRAULICS KEYWORDS: neutron activation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pázsit, Imre

    THERMAL HYDRAULICS KEYWORDS: neutron activation, flow measurements, evaluation methods FLOWACT, FLOW RATE MEASUREMENTS IN PIPES WITH THE PULSED-NEUTRON ACTIVATION METHOD PER LINDÉN,* GUDMAR GROSSHÖG- neutron activation (PNA) in a specially designed test loop. A stationary neutron generator was used

  15. Hydrogen and Biogas Production using Microbial Electrolysis Cells...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen and Biogas Production using Microbial Electrolysis Cells Hydrogen and Biogas Production using Microbial Electrolysis Cells Breakout Session 2-C: Biogas and Beyond:...

  16. Biomass: Biogas Generator

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O OLaura|Bilayer GrapheneW.HelpReport) |Biomass andBIOGAS

  17. Quebec Biogas Program (Quebec, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2005, the Quebec government adopted a regulation aimed to minimize the impact of biogas from landfills. The Regulation is in respect to landfills and incineration of residual materials,...

  18. Biogas Impurities and Cleanup for Fuel Cells

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Biogas Impurities and Cleanup for Fuel Cells Dennis Papadias and Shabbir Ahmed Argonne National Laboratory Presented at the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Golden, CO June 11-13,...

  19. Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua Project Recap The task for Team Bug Bag was to create for under $100 (USD), and be able to produce biogas that could boil water for a thirty minute time period

  20. Introduction to biogas production on the farm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-03-01

    A number of farmers, ranchers, and engineers received support from the US Department of Energy Appropriate Technology Small Grants Program to design, construct, and demonstrate biogas production systems. Many of these projects generated more than just biogas; grantees' work and results have contributed to a growing body of information about practical applications of this technology. This publication was developed to share some of that information, to answer the basic questions about biogas production, and to lead farmers to more information. Section I introduces biogas and the various components of a biogas production system, discusses the system's benefits and liabilities, and provides a brief checklist to determine if biogas production may be applicable to an individual's particular situation. Section II features descriptions of four biogas projects of various sizes. Section III provides sources of additional information including descriptions of other biogas production projects.

  1. New Biogas Opportunities Roadmap is Part of Climate Change Solution...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Biogas Opportunities Roadmap is Part of Climate Change Solution New Biogas Opportunities Roadmap is Part of Climate Change Solution August 1, 2014 - 11:39am Addthis Biogas -- a...

  2. Biogas Beats Bioethanol Wolfgang Bauer (bauer@pa.msu.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Wolfgang

    Biogas Beats Bioethanol Wolfgang Bauer (bauer@pa.msu.edu) Michigan State results reported on here were obtained one of our biogas plants located

  3. Biogas Opportunities Roadmap 8-1-14

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    to overcome barriers to integrating biogas into electricity and renewable natural gas markets, for example, though modernizing existing Federal incentives provided for...

  4. Waste to Energy: Biogas CHP 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, R.

    2011-01-01

    resources and established rules for buying and selling renewable energy credits (REC?s) ? Texas Senate Bills 5 and 12 (2001 and 2007) ? Required political subdivisions to reduce energy consumption by 5% per year for five years ? Rising Electrical Costs... Background and Drivers 6 ? Wastewater Residuals Master Plan (1994) ? Recommended construction of a Cogeneration Facility to convert biogas being into electricity ? Texas Senate Bill 7 (1999) ? Set goals for electricity generation from renewable energy...

  5. The SKA and the Unknown Unknowns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Peter

    2015-01-01

    As new scientists and engineers join the SKA project and as the pressures come on to maintain costs within a chosen envelope it is worth restating and updating the rationale for the 'Exploration of the Unknown' (EoU). Maintaining an EoU philosophy will prove a vital ingredient for realizing the SKA's discovery potential. Since people make the discoveries enabled by technology a further axis in capability parameter space, the'human bandwidth' is emphasised. Using the morphological approach pioneered by Zwicky, a currently unexploited region of observational parameter space can be identified viz: time variable spectral patterns on all spectral and angular scales, one interesting example would be 'spectral transients'. We should be prepared to build up to 10 percent less collecting area for a given overall budget in order to enhance the ways in which SKA1 can be flexibly utilized.

  6. Biogas Production through the Syntrophic Acetate-Oxidising Pathway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biogas Production through the Syntrophic Acetate-Oxidising Pathway Characterisation and Detection Uppsala 2012 #12;Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae 2012:45 #12;Biogas production through 1.1 Aims of the thesis 12 2 Biogas production 15 2.1 Biogas production in Europe 16 2.2 Substrate

  7. biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohoni, Milind

    0 biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report Vaibhav Nasery Roll No. 08D highly successful rural biogas models wherein biogas is produced and utilized as a cooking fuel by the villagers. The two models studied are the Community Biogas plant established by SUMUL Dairy at Bhintbudrak

  8. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01

    Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery-Masking theII. METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAs RECOVERY- IN THE2011] METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAS RECOVERY methane, and 64%

  9. GWE Biogas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlexStock CoGTO Home Graham7781'sBiogas Jump to:

  10. FISSION REACTORS KEYWORDS: core-barrel vibra-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demazière, Christophe

    FISSION REACTORS KEYWORDS: core-barrel vibra- tions, in-core neutron noise, shell- mode vibrations-REGION SLAB REACTOR MODEL CARL SUNDE,* CHRISTOPHE DEMAZIÈRE, and IMRE PÁZSIT Chalmers University of Technology. 5 gives a self-contained description of the principles of fluctuation analysis for the diagnostics

  11. Multi-Keyword Sponsored Search Peerapong Dhangwatnotai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandholm, Tuomas W.

    keywords when we discuss search advertising with multiple search terms. When a user enters a search term search engines' mechanism for allocating im- pressions generated from different search terms. This mech- anism is equivalent to running an independent GSP auc- tion for each search term only when the number

  12. White Earth Biomass/Biogas Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Triplett, Michael

    2015-03-12

    The White Earth Nation examined the feasibility of cost savings and fossil energy reduction through the installation of biogas/biomass boiler at the tribal casino. The study rejected biogas options due to availability and site constraints, but found a favorable environment for technical and financial feasibility of installing a 5 MMBtu hot water boiler system to offset 60-70 percent of current fuel oil and propane usage.

  13. IDENTIFICATION OF RELIABLE PREDICTOR MODELS FOR UNKNOWN SYSTEMS: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campi, Marco

    IDENTIFICATION OF RELIABLE PREDICTOR MODELS FOR UNKNOWN SYSTEMS: A DATA-CONSISTENCY APPROACH BASED mechanism ­ DGM), a selected family of models, with which we want to describe the observed data (the data, that is a statement of probability that the computed model will be consistent with future unknown data. Keywords

  14. GIS keyword | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp. (Delaware) Jump to:GIS keyword Home >

  15. Hydrogen and Biogas Production using Microbial Electrolysis Cells

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Breakout Session 2-C: Biogas and Beyond: Challenges and Opportunities for Advanced Biofuels from Wet-Waste Feedstocks Hydrogen and Biogas Production using Microbial Electrolysis Cells Bruce Logan, Kappe Professor of Environmental Engineering and Evan Pugh Professor, Pennsylvania State University

  16. 5. oktober 2009 Precision control of biogas plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5. oktober 2009 Precision control of biogas plants Final report Henrik B. Møller, Anders M. Nielsen: "Precision control of biogas plants", J. Nr. 33031-0028, funded by EUDP 2005. The final report consists. Danish summary of the results: Det har været formålet at udvikle drift og design af biogas anlæg med

  17. Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas from Separated slurry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas from Separated slurry Lorie Hamelin, Marianne Wesnæs and Henrik AND ALTERNATIVES 28 2.2.1 Reference Scenario (Scenario A) 28 2.2.2 Biogas from raw pig slurry and fibre fraction from chemical- mechanical separation (Scenario F) 29 2.2.3 Biogas from raw cow slurry and fibre

  18. Rapid automatic keyword extraction for information retrieval and analysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rose, Stuart J (Richland, WA); Cowley,; Wendy E (Richland, WA); Crow, Vernon L (Richland, WA); Cramer, Nicholas O (Richland, WA)

    2012-03-06

    Methods and systems for rapid automatic keyword extraction for information retrieval and analysis. Embodiments can include parsing words in an individual document by delimiters, stop words, or both in order to identify candidate keywords. Word scores for each word within the candidate keywords are then calculated based on a function of co-occurrence degree, co-occurrence frequency, or both. Based on a function of the word scores for words within the candidate keyword, a keyword score is calculated for each of the candidate keywords. A portion of the candidate keywords are then extracted as keywords based, at least in part, on the candidate keywords having the highest keyword scores.

  19. Renewable Hydrogen Potential from Biogas in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saur, G.; Milbrandt, A.

    2014-07-01

    This analysis updates and expands upon previous biogas studies to include total potential and net availability of methane in raw biogas with respect to competing demands and includes a resource assessment of four sources of biogas: (1) wastewater treatment plants, including domestic and a new assessment of industrial sources; (2) landfills; (3) animal manure; and (4) a new assessment of industrial, institutional, and commercial sources. The results of the biogas resource assessment are used to estimate the potential production of renewable hydrogen from biogas as well as the fuel cell electric vehicles that the produced hydrogen might support.

  20. Fuel Cells on Bio-Gas (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Remick, R. J.

    2009-03-04

    The conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Fuel cells operating on bio-gas offer a pathway to renewable electricity generation; (2) With federal incentives of $3,500/kW or 30% of the project costs, reasonable payback periods of less than five years can be achieved; (3) Tri-generation of electricity, heat, and hydrogen offers an alternative route to solving the H{sub 2} infrastructure problem facing fuel cell vehicle deployment; and (4) DOE will be promoting bio-gas fuel cells in the future under its Market Transformation Programs.

  1. Managing Manure with Biogas Recovery Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    such as natural gas, propane, and fuel oil. Biogas can also be flared to control odor if energy recovery source of energy with much lower environmental impacts than conventional fossil fuel. The methane States Environmental Protection Agency The AgSTAR Program #12;Office of Air and Radiation (6202J) EPA-430

  2. Biogas Potential in the United States (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-10-01

    Biogas has received increased attention as an alternative energy source in the United States. The factsheet provides information about the biogas (methane) potential from various sources in the country (by county and state) and estimates the power generation and transportation fuels production (renewable natural gas) potential from these biogas sources. It provides valuable information to the industry, academia and policy makers in support of their future decisions.

  3. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01

    Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery-Masking theII. METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAs RECOVERY- IN THEEVEN BEYOND MANURE-ASSOCIATED METHANE EMISSIONS, INDUSTRIAL

  4. Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    & Publications Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop, Golden, Colorado, June 11-13, 2012 Co-production of...

  5. Biogas to Liquid Fuels and Chemicals Presentation for BETO 2015...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable Energy Laboratory 2 Goal Statement Goals 1. Demonstrate proof of concept for a biogas-to-liquid fuels and chemicals process. 2. Enhance carbon conversion efficiency from...

  6. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mechanical El Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305 K. Bergey University of Oklahoma Aero Engineering Department Norman, OK 73069 Ir. Jos Beurskens Programme Manager for...

  7. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    R. Lynette & Assoc., Inc. 15042 NE 40th Street Suite 206 Redmond, WA 98052 P. H. Madsen Riso National Laboratory Postbox 49 DK-4000 Roskilde DENMARK D. Malcolm R. Lynette &...

  8. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & Assoc., Inc. 15042 NE 40th Street Suite 206 Redmond, WA 98052 Peter Hauge Madsen Riso National Laboratory Postbox 49 DK-4000 Roskilde DENW David Malcolm R. Lynette &...

  9. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratories Albuquerque, NM 87185 ABSTRACT The LIFE2 computer code is a fatiguefracture analysis code that is specialized to the analysis of wind turbine components. The...

  10. UNKNOWN

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , c 1afr a .w-wnRonlauJOURNAL

  11. UNKNOWN

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , c 1afr a

  12. UNKNOWN

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and700, 1. .&. ' , c 1afr aDOI:

  13. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 - 19Portal University of ColoradoEnergy,1750

  14. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedof Rochester | National NuclearScientific and

  15. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedof Rochester | National NuclearScientific

  16. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedof Rochester | National NuclearScientific*

  17. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedof Rochester | National

  18. Unknown

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPPfinalUnexpectedof Rochester | NationalProceedinsw of the

  19. Biogas Potential on Long Island, New York: A Quantification Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahajan, D.; Patel, S.; Tonjes, D.

    2011-08-25

    Biogas is the product of anaerobic digestion of waste, whether occurring spontaneously in landfills or under controlled conditions in digesters. Biogas is viewed as an important energy source in current efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuels and dependency on imported resources. Several studies on the assessment of biogas potential have been made at regional, national, and global scales. However, because it is not economically feasible to transport biogas feedstock over long distances, it is more appropriate to consider local waste sources for their potential to produce biogas. An assessment of the biogas potential on Long Island, based on the review of local landfills, wastewater treatment plants, solid waste generation and management, and agricultural waste, found that 234 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} of methane (CH{sub 4}) from biogas might be harvestable, although substantial barriers for complete exploitation exist. This number is equivalent to 2.52 TW-h of electricity, approximately 12% of fossil fuel power generation on Long Island. This work can serve as a template for other areas to rapidly create or approximate biogas potentials, especially for suburban U.S. locations that are not usually thought of as sources of renewable energy.

  20. Technoeconomic Analysis of Biomethane Production from Biogas and Pipeline Delivery (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jalalzadeh-Azar, A.

    2010-10-18

    This presentation summarizes "A Technoeconomic Analysis of Biomethane Production from Biogas and Pipeline Delivery".

  1. Biomass/Biogas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpowerBiocarFired ElectricityBiomass/Biogas

  2. Archea Biogas N V | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A S Jump to:AngolaEnergyAquaAratuaOklahoma:andBiogas N V Jump

  3. Zebec Biogas Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan) JumpZhuyuan Electric Development CoZebec Biogas Limited

  4. National Library of Energy : Main View : Search Results for Keyword...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Search: Keyword: microelectromechanical OR mems OR mem Did you mean ? Create new alert from this search New Search My Selections (0) Alerts Source Status Activity Indicator 0 top...

  5. Synthesis of regional English using a keyword lexicon. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitt, Steve; Isard, Stephen

    1999-01-01

    We discuss the use of an accent-independent keyword lexicon to synthesise speakers with different regional accents. The paper describes the system architecture and the transcription system used in the lexicon, and then ...

  6. Expanding the Use of Biogas with Fuel Cell Technologies

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program Manager 6112012 Expanding the Use of Biogas with Fuel Cell Technologies U.S. Energy Consumption U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector Renewable Electric...

  7. New Biogas Opportunities Roadmap is Part of Climate Change Solution

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A new roadmap explains how biogas reduces the emissions associated with the burning of fossil fuels and supports the Administration’s all-of-the-above energy strategy.

  8. Production of Biogas from Wastewaters of Food Processing Industries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sax, R. I.; Holtz, M.; Pette, K. C.

    1980-01-01

    An Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Process used in converting biodegradable, soluble, organic pollutants in industrial wastewaters to a directly-burnable biogas composed mainly of methane has been developed, tested, and commercially applied...

  9. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    11-13, 2012, in Golden, Colorado, to discuss biogas and waste-to-energy technologies for fuel cell applications. The overall objective was to identify opportunities for coupling...

  10. MCN: A New Semantics towards Effective XML Keyword Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ling, Tok Wang

    . The critical issue of XML keyword search is how to find meaningful query re- sults. In both tree model @auction name "John""Mike" name "gem" item name "rue" photo provider photo provider "Mike" "John" photos "John" "Mike" photo provider photo provider "Mike" "John" photos persons 2 4 5 6 7 8 13 14 18 19 29 30

  11. Top-Down XML Keyword Query Processing Junfeng Zhou1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    keyword query w.r.t. LCA/SLCA/ELCA semantics. By "top-down", we mean that we visit all common ancestor (CA to define meaningful results, for which the basic semantics is Lowest Common Ancestor (LCA). Based on LCA, the most widely adopted query semantics are Exclusive LCA (ELCA) [3,7,10,23,27] and Smallest LCA (SLCA) [3

  12. Siphoning Hidden-Web Data through Keyword-Based Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freire, Juliana

    Siphoning Hidden-Web Data through Keyword-Based Interfaces SBBD 2004 Luciano Barbosa* *OGI/OHSU L. Barbosa, J. Freire Juliana Freire*! ! Univesity of Utah #12;L. Barbosa, J. Freire 2SBBD 2004 - Siphoning Hidden/Deep/Invisible Web #12;L. Barbosa, J. Freire 3SBBD 2004 - Siphoning Hidden-Web Data through

  13. Title: Net Energy Ratio and Greenhouse Gas Analysis of a Biogas Power Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Wolfgang

    of a Biogas Power Plant Author: W. Bauer Author Affiliation: Department and greenhouse gas analysis for a 1.45 MW (0.71 MW electrical) biogas power plant

  14. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to remove both sulfur species in biogas to ppb levels, making its use possible in a fuel cell CHP unit The high concentrations of sulfur species in the biogas (up to 1.5%...

  15. IEA-Renewable Energy Technologies, Bioenergy Agreement Task 37: Energy from Biogas and Landfill Gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EFP-06 IEA- Renewable Energy Technologies, Bioenergy Agreement Task 37: Energy from Biogas-Bioenergy, Task 37- Energy from Biogas and Landfill Gas", via samarbejde, informationsudveksling, fælles analyser og international forskningssamarbejde. Det Internationale Energi Agentur ( IEA) er organiseret i en

  16. Biogas end-use in the European community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Constant, M.; Naveau, H.; Nyns, E.J. ); Ferrero, G.L.

    1989-01-01

    In Europe over the past few years the generation of biogas for energy and environmental purposes has been gaining in importance. Industrial wastewaters, cattle manure, sewage sludges, urban wastes, crop residues, algae and aquatic biomass are all typical of the materials being utilized. In contrast to the extensive inventory of biomethanation processes which has been carried out within the EEC, until recently a detailed, up-to-date investigation of the end-sues of biogas had not been undertaken. To supply the necessary information, the Commission of the European Communities and the Belgian Science Policy Office jointly entrusted a study to the Unit of Bioengineering at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. This book is record of the study and has the following key features: it gives a broad overview of the ongoing use of biogas in Europe; it summarizes available data on storage, purification and engines using biogas; it draws several conclusions concerning the technical and economic viability of the processes; it discusses the problems of using biogas; and it outlines recommendations and future R and D and demonstration projects in the field.

  17. Assessment of the Emissions and Energy Impacts of Biomass and Biogas Use in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabdub, Donald

    Assessment of the Emissions and Energy Impacts of Biomass and Biogas Use in California Provided Scenarios 69 4.2.1 Conversion of Solid Biomass 69 4.2.2 Conversion of Biogas 74 4.2.3 Emissions Displacement CBC, 2013. 24 Figure 4: Capacity of existing biopower facilities in California using biogas from

  18. Ilchmann, Achim; Pahl, M. : Adaptive Multivariable pH Regulation of a Biogas Tower Reactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilchmann, Achim

    Ilchmann, Achim; Pahl, M. : Adaptive Multivariable pH Regulation of a Biogas Tower Reactor Zuerst. The adaptive controller was successlullytesteclover il pcriod of tu'o nonths at a biogas tower reuetoriu pilot are not applicable to the biogas tower reüctor.since a dontinatingf-eatureof the new reactol' prir-rciplc-is its

  19. Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 206 Risk assessment of biogas exposure in kitchens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 206 Risk assessment of biogas exposure in kitchens C to pollutants while using biogas for cooking was assessed following the methodology described by the US - National Research Council. Information of hazardous compounds and compositions of several biogas types were

  20. Unambiguous discrimination between two unknown qudit states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tao Zhou

    2011-11-15

    We consider the unambiguous discrimination between two unknown qudit states in $n$-dimensional ($n\\geqslant2$) Hilbert space. By equivalence of unknown pure states to known mixed states and with the Jordan-basis method, we demonstrate that the optimal success probability of the discrimination between two unknown states is independent of the dimension $n$. We also give a scheme for a physical implementation of the programmable state discriminator that unambiguously discriminate between two unknown states with optimal probability of success.

  1. Object Semantics for XML Keyword Search Thuy Ngoc Le #1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ling, Tok Wang

    .1.1.1 Bill Kennedy Professor 1.1 Paper 1.1.1.2 PID 002 Title Clinton & Kennedy Student 1.1.2 PID 001 Stu_No 12745 Title keyword search Paper 1.1.2.1 PID 001 Title Clinton & Kennedy Root 1 Name Student 1.2.1 Paper 1.2.1.1 Bill Kennedy Professor 1.2 Paper 1.2.1.2 PID 002 Title Clinton & Kennedy Student 1.2.2 PID

  2. The Pollution Effect: Optimizing Keyword Auctions by Favoring Relevant Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linden, Greg; Chickering, Max

    2011-01-01

    Most search engines sell slots to place advertisements on the search results page through keyword auctions. Advertisers offer bids for how much they are willing to pay when someone enters a search query, sees the search results, and then clicks on one of their ads. Search engines typically order the advertisements for a query by a combination of the bids and expected clickthrough rates for each advertisement. In this paper, we extend a model of Yahoo's and Google's advertising auctions to include an effect where repeatedly showing less relevant ads has a persistent impact on all advertising on the search engine, an impact we designate as the pollution effect. In Monte-Carlo simulations using distributions fitted to Yahoo data, we show that a modest pollution effect is sufficient to dramatically change the advertising rank order that yields the optimal advertising revenue for a search engine. In addition, if a pollution effect exists, it is possible to maximize revenue while also increasing advertiser, and pub...

  3. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    natural gas in fuel cell power plants while reducing greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power More...

  4. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01

    renewa- ble energy production from biogas burned in internalbiogas recovery systems are pro- moted as an auspicious source of renewable energy production

  5. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop, Golden, Colorado, June 11-13, 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-01-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) held a Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop June 11-13, 2012, in Golden, Colorado, to discuss biogas and waste-to-energy technologies for fuel cell applications. The overall objective was to identify opportunities for coupling renewable biomethane with highly efficient fuel cells to produce electricity; heat; combined heat and power (CHP); or combined heat, hydrogen and power (CHHP) for stationary or motive applications. The workshop focused on biogas sourced from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), landfills, and industrial facilities that generate or process large amounts of organic waste, including large biofuel production facilities (biorefineries).

  6. List of publications 1. Sun, L., Mller, B. and Schnrer, A. (2013) Biogas production from wheat straw community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    List of publications 1. Sun, L., Müller, B. and Schnürer, A. (2013) Biogas production from wheat biogas digesters. Biores. Technol. 132, 327­332 4. Manzoor, S., Müller, B., Niazi A., Bongcam-Rudloff E of syntrophic acetate- oxidising culture in biogas reactors exposed to increasing levels of ammonia. Applied

  7. 5th International Landfills Conference -Sardinia'95, Cagliari, 1995 DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A METHOD FOR MEASURING BIOGAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OF A METHOD FOR MEASURING BIOGAS EMISSIONS USING A DYNAMIC CHAMBER Zbigniew POKRYSZKA, Christian TAUZIEDE biogas flow, designing a dynamic flux chamber. Preliminary bench tests revealed the necessity of defining gas releases. A mixture of gases (known as biogas) is produced from organic waste, and consists mainly

  8. Discovering Point Sources in Unknown Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, Thomas S.

    - ted from the yet-to-be-located source. We will refer to the information from the range sensorDiscovering Point Sources in Unknown Environments Yanina Landa1 , Nicolay M. Tanushev2 , Richard of Texas at Austin, {nicktan,ytsai}@math.utexas.edu 3 Institute for Computational and Appplied Mathematics

  9. Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (PPRE) --Biogas Workshop --01. -04. Feb. 2010 --Oldenburg University --venue: TGO, Marie-Curie-Strae 1, 26129 Oldenburg Programme Part 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Werner

    Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (PPRE) -- Biogas Workshop -- 01. - 04. Feb. 2010 -- Oldenburg University -- venue: TGO, Marie-Curie-Straße 1, 26129 Oldenburg Programme Part 1: Domestic Biogas Biogas ­ Introduction: Relevance of biogas for Development (JL) 09:45 Coffee Break 10:00 From Waste

  10. Biogas production from anaerobic digestion of Spirulina maxima algal biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rejean Samson; Anh LeDuy

    1982-08-01

    Spirulina maxima algal biomass could be used as the sole nutrient for the production of biogas by anaerobic digestion process. It is relatively simple to adapt the municipal sewage sludge to this new substrate. The adapted sludge is very stable. Under nonoptimal conditions, the methane yield and productivity obtained were 0.26 m/sup 3//(kg VS added day) and 0.26 m/sup 3//(kg VS added day), respectively, with the semicontinuous, daily fed, anaerobic digestion having loading rate of 0.97 kg VS/(m/sup 3/ day), retention time of 33 days and temperature of 30/sup 0/C.

  11. EA-1907: Biogas Anaerobic Digester Facility, Oakley, Kansas

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal by DOE and USDA to provide funding to Western Plains Energy, LLC (WPE) to construct, purchase equipment, and operate a new Biogas Anaerobic Digester at WPE's existing Ethanol Facility, located at 3022 County Road 18, Grinnell Township (Oakley), Gove County, Kansas. The proposed facility will include a receiving building, digester, and related infrastructure. Based on the analysis in USDA's Final EA and FONSI, DOE has determined that DOE's proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human or natural environment.

  12. Renion Biogas GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEast Jump to: navigation, search Name:Renion Biogas GmbH

  13. Biogas production from anaerobic digestion of Spirulina maxima algal biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samson, R.; LeDuy, A.

    1982-08-01

    The photosynthetic spectrum of solar energy could be exploited for the production of chemical energy of methane through the combined algal-bacterial process. In this process, the algae are mass produced from light and from carbon in the first step. The algal biomass is then used as a nutrient for feeding the anaerobic digester, in the second step, for the production of methane by anaerobic bacteria. The carbon source for the production of algal biomass could be either organic carbon from wastewaters (for eucaryotic algae), or carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or from the combustion exhaust gases (for both prokaryotic and eukaryotic algae). The technical feasibility data on the anaerobic digestion of algal biomass have been reported for many species of algae including macroscopic algae and microscopic algae. Research being conducted in the authors' laboratory consists of using the semimicroscopic blue-green alga Spirulina maxima as the sole substrate for this combined algal-bacterial process. This species of alga is very attractive for the process because of its capability of using the atmospheric carbon dioxide as carbon source and its simple harvesting methods. Furthermore, it appeared that the fermentability of S. maxima is significantly higher than other microscopic algae. This communication presents the results on the anaerobic inoculum development by the adaptation technique. This inoculum was then used for the semicontinuous anaerobic digestion of S. maxima algal biomass. The evolutions of biogas production and composition, biogas yield, total volatile fatty acids, alkalinity, ammonia nitrogen, pH, and electrode potential were followed.

  14. Energy Economics of Farm Biogas in Cold Climates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pillay, Pragasen; Grimberg, Stefan; Powers, Susan E

    2012-10-24

    Anaerobic digestion of farm and dairy waste has been shown to be capital intensive. One way to improve digester economics is to co-digest high-energy substrates together with the dairy manure. Cheese whey for example represents a high-energy substrate that is generated during cheese manufacture. There are currently no quantitative tools available that predict performance of co-digestion farm systems. The goal of this project was to develop a mathematical tool that would (1) predict the impact of co-digestion and (2) determine the best use of the generated biogas for a cheese manufacturing plant. Two models were developed that separately could be used to meet both goals of the project. Given current pricing structures of the most economical use of the generated biogas at the cheese manufacturing plant was as a replacement of fuel oil to generate heat. The developed digester model accurately predicted the performance of 26 farm digesters operating in the North Eastern U.S.

  15. The Effect of Ad Rank on the Performance of Keyword Advertising Campaigns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansen, James

    The Effect of Ad Rank on the Performance of Keyword Advertising Campaigns Bernard J. Jansen and Zhe on the performance of keyword advertising cam- paigns. We examined a large-scale data file comprised of nearly 7 tests to examine the effect of ad rank on critical keyword advertising metrics, including clicks, cost

  16. IMPROVING MULTI-LATTICE ALIGNMENT BASED SPOKEN KEYWORD SPOTTING Hui Lin, Alex Stupakov and Jeff Bilmes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, William Stafford

    , such as when- ever it is inconvenient, unsafe, or impossible for the user to enter a search query using and the utterance being searched is beneficial for spoken keyword spotting. In this paper, we introduce several im- prove the performance of spoken keyword spotting. Index Terms-- Spoken keyword spotting, lattice

  17. The Learnability of Unknown Quantum Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hao-Chung Cheng; Min-Hsiu Hsieh; Ping-Cheng Yeh

    2015-01-03

    Quantum machine learning has received significant attention in recent years, and promising progress has been made in the development of quantum algorithms to speed up traditional machine learning tasks. In this work, however, we focus on investigating the information-theoretic upper bounds of sample complexity - how many training samples are sufficient to predict the future behaviour of an unknown target function. This kind of problem is, arguably, one of the most fundamental problems in statistical learning theory and the bounds for practical settings can be completely characterised by a simple measure of complexity. Our main result in the paper is that, for learning an unknown quantum measurement, the upper bound, given by the fat-shattering dimension, is linearly proportional to the dimension of the underlying Hilbert space. Learning an unknown quantum state becomes a dual problem to ours, and as a byproduct, we can recover Aaronson's famous result [Proc. R. Soc. A 463:3089-3144 (2007)] solely using a classical machine learning technique. In addition, other famous complexity measures like covering numbers and Rademacher complexities are derived explicitly. We are able to connect measures of sample complexity with various areas in quantum information science, e.g. quantum state/measurement tomography, quantum state discrimination and quantum random access codes, which may be of independent interest. Lastly, with the assistance of general Bloch-sphere representation, we show that learning quantum measurements/states can be mathematically formulated as a neural network. Consequently, classical ML algorithms can be applied to efficiently accomplish the two quantum learning tasks.

  18. SulfaTrap(tm): Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FuelCell Energy demonstrated its viability in field tests. The technology enables the production of a nearly sulfur-free biogas to replace natural gas in SOFC power plants...

  19. Biogas production from anaerobic digestion of Spirulina maxima algal biomass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samson, R.; LeDuy, A.

    1982-08-01

    The semimicroscopic blue-green alga Spirulina maxima makes an ideal substrate for anaerobic digestion because it is easy to harvest, it can use carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as its carbon source, and its fermentability is higher than that of other small algae. Digestion experiments demonstrated that S. maxima can serve as the sole nutrient for biogas production and that municipal sewage sludge, when adapted to this new substrate, is very stable. During semicontinuous daily-fed trials under non-optimal conditions at an 0.06 lb volatile solids (VS)/ft/sup 3/ (0.97 kg VS/m/sup 3/) loading rate, 33-day retention time, and 86/sup 0/F (30/sup 0/C) digestion temperature, the daily methane yield was 4.2 CF/lb (0.26 m/sup 3//kg) VS added, which represents 47% of the maximum theoretical yield. Studies on optimizing the process are underway.

  20. Novel Sorbent to Clean Up Biogas for CHPs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alptekin, Gökhan O.; Jayataman, Ambalavanan; Schaefer, Matthew; Ware, Michael; Hunt, Jennifer; Dobek, Frank

    2015-05-30

    In this project, TDA Research Inc. (TDA) has developed low-cost (on a per unit volume of gas processed basis), high-capacity expendable sorbents that can remove both the H2S and organic sulfur species in biogas to the ppb levels. The proposed sorbents will operate downstream of a bulk desulfurization system as a polishing bed to provide an essentially sulfur-free gas to a fuel cell (or any other application that needs a completely sulfur-free feed). Our sorbents use a highly dispersed mixed metal oxides active phase with desired modifiers prepared over on a mesoporous support. The support structure allows the large organic sulfur compounds (such as the diethyl sulfide and dipropyl sulfide phases with a large kinetic diameter) to enter the sorbent pores so that they can be adsorbed and removed from the gas stream.

  1. 2012-2013 Keywords: Routing and spectrum allocation (RSA), flexible optical networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varvarigo, Emmanouel "Manos"

    , "Conserving Transmission Power in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks" #12;), flexible optical networks WDM (FWDM) . (RSA) (RWA). FWDM Matlab. 2: Keywords: Routing and spectrum allocation (RSA), flexible optical networks

  2. An Adaptive Algorithm for Selecting Profitable Keywords for Search-Based Advertising Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusmevichientong, Paat

    An Adaptive Algorithm for Selecting Profitable Keywords for Search-Based Advertising Services Paat@cs.cornell.edu ABSTRACT Increases in online search activities have spurred the growth of search-based advertising services on their search queries. In most search-based advertising services, a company selects a set of keywords

  3. An Adaptive Algorithm for Selecting Profitable Keywords for Search-Based Advertising Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusmevichientong, Paat

    An Adaptive Algorithm for Selecting Profitable Keywords for Search-Based Advertising Services Paat of search-based advertising services offered by search engines, enabling companies to promote their products a stylized model of keyword selection in search-based advertising services. Assuming known profits

  4. Smart Marketing or Bait & Switch? Competitors' Brands as Keywords in Online Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansen, James

    keyword advertising works as follows. When a searcher enters a query into a search engine, all or part College, PA 16803, USA jjansen@acm.org ABSTRACT The business models of major Internet search engines depend on online advertising, primarily in the form of search engine keyword advertising. In recent years

  5. Quantitative analysis of the evolution of novelty in cinema through crowdsourced keywords

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sreenivasan, Sameet

    2013-01-01

    The generation of novelty is central to any creative endeavor. Novelty generation and the relationship between novelty and individual hedonic value have long been subjects of study in social psychology. However, few studies have utilized large-scale datasets to quantitatively investigate these issues. Here we consider the domain of American cinema and explore these questions using a database of films spanning a 70 year period. We use crowdsourced keywords from the Internet Movie Database as a window into the contents of films, and prescribe novelty scores for each film based on occurrence probabilities of individual keywords and keyword-pairs. These scores provide revealing insights into the dynamics of novelty in cinema. We investigate how novelty influences the revenue generated by a film, and find a statistically significant relationship that resembles the Wundt-Berlyne curve. We also study the statistics of keyword occurrence and the aggregate distribution of keywords over a 100 year period.

  6. Unknown Word Extraction for Chinese Documents Keh-Jiann Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown Word Extraction for Chinese Documents Keh-Jiann Chen Institute of Information science@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract There is no blank to mark word boundaries in Chinese text. As a result, identifying words is difficult, because of segmentation ambiguities and occurrences of unknown words. Conventionally unknown

  7. Demonstration of anaerobic biogas digesters in developing countries. Part III. The Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, M.H.; Morales, E.C.

    1980-03-01

    The main theme of this series of articles is that ours is now a world-wide society, short on meeting needs for energy yet long on waste from our industrial, agricultural and human consumption processes. This is a study report about developments in the Philippines where waste management has been recognized and considered as an important practical source of energy. This is revealed by several reports of the number of biogas plants in operation in this country. According to the July 31, 1977 survey made by the Philippines Bureau of Animal Industries, 200 biogas plants were then installed and in operation of which 46 were government-owned and 154 privately-owned. More have been installed since then. This report presents some of the operating observations and developments from the joint engineering analyses project of the Philippines Bureau of Animal Industry, Man and the Biosphere Inter-Agency Committee on Ecological Studies, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources and the National Institute of Science and Technology. The project's main objective was to show that establishing a biogas plant involves not only the production of a methane gas mixture but the integration of its other products as part of a system (i.e., using effluent water from the biogas digester for production of algae chlorell sp. for livestock and poultry feed, production of fish and fertilizing-irrigating of pasture and vegetable plots.). Housing development sewer systems with added biogas generators are also discussed.

  8. A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau, F. Boret, O. Tretyakov, F. Bline, M. Balynska, R. Girault,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau, F 2012 (117) A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau of potential development of collective biogas plants in France, the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS

  9. The treatment of vowels preceding 'r' in a keyword lexicon of English. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitt, Susan

    1999-01-01

    Work is progressing on a keyword lexicon aimed at enabling the synthesis of various regional accents of English. This paper focuses on a particular issue, that of vowels before orthographic 'r'. These vowels are discussed ...

  10. Siphoning Hidden-Web Data through Keyword-Based Interfaces Luciano Barbosa1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freire, Juliana

    Siphoning Hidden-Web Data through Keyword-Based Interfaces Luciano Barbosa1 Juliana Freire12 1 results (or, as many as possible). We propose a new approach to siphon hidden data that automatically

  11. QUANTIFYING THE VALUE OF PRONUNCIATION LEXICONS FOR KEYWORD SEARCH IN LOW RESOURCE LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povey, Dan

    The authors, listed here in alphabetical order, were supported by DARPA BOLT contract No ¯ HR0011-12-C-0015 in large vocabulary continuous speech recognition (LVCSR) systems that support keyword search (KWS) in low

  12. H2A Biomethane Model Documentation and a Case Study for Biogas From Dairy Farms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saur, G.; Jalalzadeh, A.

    2010-12-01

    The new H2A Biomethane model was developed to estimate the levelized cost of biomethane by using the framework of the vetted original H2A models for hydrogen production and delivery. For biomethane production, biogas from sources such as dairy farms and landfills is upgraded by a cleanup process. The model also estimates the cost to compress and transport the product gas via the pipeline to export it to the natural gas grid or any other potential end-use site. Inputs include feed biogas composition and cost, required biomethane quality, cleanup equipment capital and operations and maintenance costs, process electricity usage and costs, and pipeline delivery specifications.

  13. Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Unknown Bridge Foundation Depth Determination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arjwech, Rungroj

    2012-02-14

    as suitable to investigate unknown bridge foundations. The objective of the present study is to apply advanced 2D electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) in order to identify depth of unknown bridge foundations. A survey procedure is carried out in mixed terrain...

  14. Salt marsh geomorphology: Physical and ecological effects on landform Keywords: salt marsh geomorphology; AGU Chapman Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagherazzi, Sergio

    Editorial Salt marsh geomorphology: Physical and ecological effects on landform Keywords: salt marsh geomorphology; AGU Chapman Conference Evidence that the three-dimensional structure of salt marsh, and the ratio of marsh edge:marsh interior have all been shown to affect the distribution and density of salt

  15. Answering Why-Not Questions on Spatial Keyword Top-k Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Jianliang

    a top- 10 spatial query with keyword "coffee." However, surprisingly, the Starbucks cafe down the street, is not in the result. Bob wonders why the Starbucks cafe is not in the result? Are there better options? Is something be adjusted so that the Starbucks cafe, and perhaps other relevant cafes, appears on the result? Several

  16. Exploiting Parallelism to Accelerate Keyword Search On Deep-web Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agrawal, Gagan

    Exploiting Parallelism to Accelerate Keyword Search On Deep-web Sources Tantan Liu Fan Wang Gagan,wangfa,agrawal}@cse.ohio-state.edu Abstract. Increasingly, biological data is being shared over the deep web. Many biological queries can only that exploits parallelization for accelerating search over multiple deep web data sources. An interactive, two

  17. KEYWORDS: geospatial clustering, web service, Web GIS, spatial data mining, clustering 1 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 KEYWORDS: geospatial clustering, web service, Web GIS, spatial data mining, clustering 1 objects based on their distance, GeoClustering: A Web Service for Geospatial Clustering J. Wang, X. Wang, we present a geospatial clustering web service called GeoClustering. With this service, users

  18. Enabling Efficient Fuzzy Keyword Search over Encrypted Data in Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Enabling Efficient Fuzzy Keyword Search over Encrypted Data in Cloud Computing Jin Li1 , Qian Wang1, wjlou}@ece.wpi.edu Abstract. As Cloud Computing becomes prevalent, more and more sensitive information in Cloud Computing as it greatly affects system usability, rendering user searching expe- riences very

  19. Enabling E#cient Fuzzy Keyword Search over Encrypted Data in Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Enabling E#cient Fuzzy Keyword Search over Encrypted Data in Cloud Computing Jin Li 1 , Qian Wang 1, wjlou}@ece.wpi.edu Abstract. As Cloud Computing becomes prevalent, more and more sensitive information in Cloud Computing as it greatly a#ects system usability, rendering user searching expe­ riences very

  20. Event Photo Mining from Twitter Using Keyword Bursts and Image Clustering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanai, Keiji

    Event Photo Mining from Twitter Using Keyword Bursts and Image Clustering Takamu Kaneko and Keiji people to post and read not only short messages but also photos from anywhere. Since mi- croblogs on various events over the world. Especially, photos posted to microblogs are useful to understand what hap

  1. Version: 7/12/98 Keywords: engineering curriculum, engineering careers, engineering method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCready, Mark J.

    with the philosophy and within the financial means of their company. Engineers are result driven and the detail are the usually the first two chemical engineering courses, verify that the basic conservation laws are satisfiedVersion: 7/12/98 Keywords: engineering curriculum, engineering careers, engineering method Defining

  2. Computer-Assisted Keyword and Document Set Discovery from Unstructured Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 2 Reframing the Statistical Problem Define a reference set, R, as a set of documents, each of which keywords in ad hoc ways, given the lack of formal statistical methods to help. Paradoxically, this often language to evade authorities, seek political advantage, or express creativity; generic web searching; e

  3. Spoken Keyword Spotting via Multi-Lattice Alignment Hui Lin, Alex Stupakov and Jeff Bilmes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, William Stafford

    , or impossible for the user to enter a search query using a standard keyboard. For example, speech queries and a second phone lattice repre- senting a long utterance needing to be searched. We implement this joint representation. Index Terms: speech lattice, keyword spotting, graphical mod- els, lattice alignment 1

  4. Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon-figurable PV panel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    1 Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon- figurable PV panel Photovoltaic (PV and the advancement of PV device technologies. PV systems have been widely deployed in electric vehicles, homes, power plants, and satellites. The output power of a PV cell (also called solar cell) is dependent on the solar

  5. Multi-electrode continuous flow microbial electrolysis cell for biogas production from acetate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for biohydrogen production based on electrohydro- genesis [1]. In an MEC exoelectrogenic microbes on the anodeMulti-electrode continuous flow microbial electrolysis cell for biogas production from acetate , cathode surface area; 74 A/m3 ) within three days of operation. The maximum hydrogen production (day 3

  6. Institute for Renewable Energy Ltd Preparation of a pilot biogas CHP plant integrated with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institute for Renewable Energy Ltd Poland 1 Preparation of a pilot biogas CHP plant integrated Planning issues Transport companies District Heating Sustainable communities Utilities Solar energy User with a wood-chip fired DHP system Institute for Renewable Energy Ltd, Poland Summary The project focused

  7. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-11-01

    TDA Research Inc., in collaboration with FuelCell Energy, will develop a new, high-capacity sorbent to remove sulfur from anaerobic digester gas. This technology will enable the production of a nearly sulfur-free biogas to replace natural gas in fuel cell power plants while reducing greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels.

  8. System for identifying known materials within a mixture of unknowns

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, J.S.

    1999-07-20

    One or both of two methods and systems are used to determine concentration of a known material in an unknown mixture on the basis of the measured interaction of electromagnetic waves upon the mixture. One technique is to utilize a multivariate analysis patch technique to develop a library of optimized patches of spectral signatures of known materials containing only those pixels most descriptive of the known materials by an evolutionary algorithm. Identity and concentration of the known materials within the unknown mixture is then determined by minimizing the residuals between the measurements from the library of optimized patches and the measurements from the same pixels from the unknown mixture. Another technique is to train a neural network by the genetic algorithm to determine the identity and concentration of known materials in the unknown mixture. The two techniques may be combined into an expert system providing cross checks for accuracy. 37 figs.

  9. Autonomous flight in unstructured and unknown indoor environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachrach, Abraham Galton

    2009-01-01

    This thesis presents the design, implementation, and validation of a system that enables a micro air vehicle to autonomously explore and map unstructured and unknown indoor environments. Such a vehicle would be of considerable ...

  10. The 1995 ABBOT LVCSR system for multiple unknown microphones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kershaw, Dan; Robinson, Tony; Renals, Steve

    of the phone classes, which are used as observation probabilities within an HMM. This paper describes the system which participated in the November 1995 ARPA Hub-3 multiple unknown microphones (MUM) evaluation of continuous speech recognition systems, under...

  11. Method for identifying known materials within a mixture of unknowns

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, John S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01

    One or both of two methods and systems are used to determine concentration of a known material in an unknown mixture on the basis of the measured interaction of electromagnetic waves upon the mixture. One technique is to utilize a multivariate analysis patch technique to develop a library of optimized patches of spectral signatures of known materials containing only those pixels most descriptive of the known materials by an evolutionary algorithm. Identity and concentration of the known materials within the unknown mixture is then determined by minimizing the residuals between the measurements from the library of optimized patches and the measurements from the same pixels from the unknown mixture. Another technique is to train a neural network by the genetic algorithm to determine the identity and concentration of known materials in the unknown mixture. The two techniques may be combined into an expert system providing cross checks for accuracy.

  12. System for identifying known materials within a mixture of unknowns

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, John S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    One or both of two methods and systems are used to determine concentration of a known material in an unknown mixture on the basis of the measured interaction of electromagnetic waves upon the mixture. One technique is to utilize a multivariate analysis patch technique to develop a library of optimized patches of spectral signatures of known materials containing only those pixels most descriptive of the known materials by an evolutionary algorithm. Identity and concentration of the known materials within the unknown mixture is then determined by minimizing the residuals between the measurements from the library of optimized patches and the measurements from the same pixels from the unknown mixture. Another technique is to train a neural network by the genetic algorithm to determine the identity and concentration of known materials in the unknown mixture. The two techniques may be combined into an expert system providing cross checks for accuracy.

  13. Biogas energy for Hawaiian small farms and homesteads, HI-11. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weitzenhoff, M.H.

    1980-02-01

    This report contains the results of a US Department of Energy, Appropriate Energy Technology grant for the development and demonstration of a simple, easy-to-operate and high energy yielding anaerobic bioconversion system for Hawaiian small scale hog farms. The system included a flexible material ''rubber'' digester, gas storage tank, algae pond, wastewater recycling loop, and gas utilization appliances. Ten cubic feet of biogas per 150 pound hog per day was identified as the sustainable yield of biogas using this system under Hawaiian farm conditions at a 15-day retention period without heating or mixing the anaerobic digester. Cost of the system was compared with the economic value of the gas produced and the investment recovery period was found to be 1.16 years. Biogas was used to fuel numerous farm appliances, including nursery infra-red heaters, gas lamps and an internal combustion powered water pump. Digested pig manure was renovated by recycling through an algae pond, after which it was used in biweekly hog housing sanitation washdowns. Finally, the results of the project have been promulgated through informal seminars, workshops, and the publication-distribution of a farmer oriented manual on digester installation and operation. 6 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab.

  14. biogas to indian buses come home, dad biosensor lab in singapore sexy statistics world university No reason to rush homeLiU alumna Klara Tiitso enjoys her life in London | page 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Yuxiao

    biogas to indian buses come home, dad biosensor lab in singapore sexy statistics world university an Indian Master's student whose studies at Linköping inspired him to use biogas as fuel for busses. He

  15. Benefits of supplementing an industrial waste anaerobic digester with energy crops for increased biogas production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nges, Ivo Achu, E-mail: Nges.Ivo_Achu@biotek.lu.se [Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund (Sweden); Escobar, Federico; Fu Xinmei; Bjoernsson, Lovisa [Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund (Sweden)

    2012-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study demonstrates the feasibility of co-digestion food industrial waste with energy crops. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Laboratory batch co-digestion led to improved methane yield and carbon to nitrogen ratio as compared to mono-digestion of industrial waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Co-digestion was also seen as a means of degrading energy crops with nutrients addition as crops are poor in nutrients. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Batch co-digestion methane yields were used to predict co-digestion methane yield in full scale operation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It was concluded that co-digestion led an over all economically viable process and ensured a constant supply of feedstock. - Abstract: Currently, there is increasing competition for waste as feedstock for the growing number of biogas plants. This has led to fluctuation in feedstock supply and biogas plants being operated below maximum capacity. The feasibility of supplementing a protein/lipid-rich industrial waste (pig manure, slaughterhouse waste, food processing and poultry waste) mesophilic anaerobic digester with carbohydrate-rich energy crops (hemp, maize and triticale) was therefore studied in laboratory scale batch and continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTR) with a view to scale-up to a commercial biogas process. Co-digesting industrial waste and crops led to significant improvement in methane yield per ton of feedstock and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio as compared to digestion of the industrial waste alone. Biogas production from crops in combination with industrial waste also avoids the need for micronutrients normally required in crop digestion. The batch co-digestion methane yields were used to predict co-digestion methane yield in full scale operation. This was done based on the ratio of methane yields observed for laboratory batch and CSTR experiments compared to full scale CSTR digestion of industrial waste. The economy of crop-based biogas production is limited under Swedish conditions; therefore, adding crops to existing industrial waste digestion could be a viable alternative to ensure a constant/reliable supply of feedstock to the anaerobic digester.

  16. Photometric Stereo with General, Unknown Lighting Ronen Basri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    Photometric Stereo with General, Unknown Lighting Ronen Basri£ David Jacobs Dept. of Computer properties of an object using multiple images taken with a fixed viewpoint and variable lighting conditions. This work has primarily relied on the presence of a single point source of light in each image. In this pa

  17. Online Bipartite Matching with Unknown Distributions Chinmay Karande

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Online Bipartite Matching with Unknown Distributions Chinmay Karande Google Research Mountain View, CA chinmayk@google.com Aranyak Mehta Google Research Mountain View, CA aranyak@google.com Pushkar Research, Mountain View Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal

  18. Handling Advertisements of Unknown Quality in Search Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olston, Christopher

    Handling Advertisements of Unknown Quality in Search Advertising Sandeep Pandey Christopher Olston@yahoo-inc.com Abstract We consider how a search engine should select advertisements to display with search results well the displayed advertisements appeal to users. The main difficulty stems from new ad- vertisements

  19. Proportional Hazards Regression with Unknown Link Function By WEI WANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jane-Ling

    Proportional Hazards Regression with Unknown Link Function By WEI WANG Harvard Medical School@amss.ac.cn The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong qhwang@hku.hk Summary Proportional hazards regression model assumes of the covariates. Traditional ap- proaches, such as the Cox proportional hazards model, focus on estimating

  20. Environmental assessment and finding of no significant impact: Biorecycling Technologies, Inc., Noble Biogas and Fertilizer Plant, Fresno County, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    The US Department of Energy (DOE) is considering a proposal from the California Energy Commission for partial funding up to $1,500,000 of the construction of the biorecycling Technologies, Inc., (BTI) Noble Biogas and Fertilizer Plant in Fresno County, California. BTI along with its contractors and business partners would develop the plant, which would use manure and green waste to produce biogas and a variety of organic fertilizer products. The California Energy Commission has requested funding from the DOE Commercialization Ventures program to assist in the construction of the plant, which would produce up to one megawatt of electricity by burning biogas in a cogeneration unit. The purpose of this environmental assessment (EA) is to provide DOE and the public with information on potential environmental impacts associated with funding development of the proposed project.

  1. Co-digestion of cattle manure with food waste and sludge to increase biogas production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maranon, E., E-mail: emara@uniovi.es [Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University Institute of Technology of Asturias, Campus of Gijon, University of Oviedo, 33203 Gijon (Spain); Castrillon, L.; Quiroga, G.; Fernandez-Nava, Y. [Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University Institute of Technology of Asturias, Campus of Gijon, University of Oviedo, 33203 Gijon (Spain); Gomez, L.; Garcia, M.M. [Zero Emissions Technology, 41018 Seville (Spain)

    2012-10-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Small increase in methane production was observed applying sonication pretreatment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Biogas productions between 720 and 1100 mL/Lreactor day were achieved. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Volatile solids removal efficiencies ranged between 53% and 60%. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Lower methane yields were obtained when operating under thermophilic conditions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Optimum OLR in lab-scale CSTR was 1.2-1.3 g VS/L day (HRT: 20 days). - Abstract: Anaerobic co-digestion strategies are needed to enhance biogas production, especially when treating certain residues such as cattle/pig manure. This paper presents a study of co-digestion of cattle manure with food waste and sewage sludge. With the aim of maximising biogas yields, a series of experiments were carried out under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions using continuously stirred-tank reactors, operating at different hydraulic residence times. Pretreatment with ultrasound was also applied to compare the results with those obtained with non-pretreated waste. Specific methane production decreases when increasing the OLR and decreasing HRT. The maximum value obtained was 603 LCH{sub 4}/kg VS{sub feed} for the co-digestion of a mixture of 70% manure, 20% food waste and 10% sewage sludge (total solid concentration around 4%) at 36 Degree-Sign C, for an OLR of 1.2 g VS/L day. Increasing the OLR to 1.5 g VS/L day led to a decrease of around 20-28% in SMP. Lower methane yields were obtained when operating at 55 Degree-Sign C. The increase in methane production when applying ultrasound to the feed mixtures does not compensate for the energy spent in this pretreatment.

  2. Evaluating the biogas potential of the dry fraction from pretreatment of food waste from households

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murto, Marika; Björnsson, Lovisa; Rosqvist, Håkan; Bohn, Irene

    2013-05-15

    Highlights: ? A novel approach for biogas production from a waste fraction that today is incinerated. ? Biogas production is possible in spite of the impurities of the waste. ? Tracer studies are applied in a novel way. ? Structural material is needed to improve the flow pattern of the waste. ? We provide a solution to biological treatment for the complex waste fraction. - Abstract: At the waste handling company NSR, Helsingborg, Sweden, the food waste fraction of source separated municipal solid waste is pretreated to obtain a liquid fraction, which is used for biogas production, and a dry fraction, which is at present incinerated. This pretreatment and separation is performed to remove impurities, however also some of the organic material is removed. The possibility of realising the methane potential of the dry fraction through batch-wise dry anaerobic digestion was investigated. The anaerobic digestion technique used was a two-stage process consisting of a static leach bed reactor and a methane reactor. Treatment of the dry fraction alone and in a mixture with structural material was tested to investigate the effect on the porosity of the leach bed. A tracer experiment was carried out to investigate the liquid flow through the leach beds, and this method proved useful in demonstrating a more homogenous flow through the leach bed when structural material was added. Addition of structural material to the dry fraction was needed to achieve a functional digestion process. A methane yield of 98 m{sup 3}/ton was obtained from the dry fraction mixed with structural material after 76 days of digestion. This was in the same range as obtained in the laboratory scale biochemical methane potential test, showing that it was possible to extract the organic content in the dry fraction in this type of dry digestion system for the production of methane.

  3. Journal of Electronic Commerce Research, VOL 12, NO 1, 2011 BIDDING ON THE BUYING FUNNEL FOR SPONSORED SEARCH AND KEYWORD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansen, James

    engine marketing 1. Introduction Search engine marketing (a.k.a., keyword advertising, pay use of search engine advertisements (a.k.a., sponsored results, sponsored links) that appear

  4. Color and perceptual variation revisited: Unknown facts, alien modalities, and perfect psychosemantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohe, J

    2006-01-01

    Revisited: Unknown Facts, Alien Modalities, and Perfectunwarranted optimism. 7 Alien Modalities A related objection

  5. Data series subtraction with unknown and unmodeled background noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Vitale; Giuseppe Congedo; Rita Dolesi; Valerio Ferroni; Mauro Hueller; Daniele Vetrugno; William Joseph Weber; Heather Audley; Karsten Danzmann; Ingo Diepholz; Martin Hewitson; Natalia Korsakova; Luigi Ferraioli; Ferran Gibert; Nikolaos Karnesis; Miquel Nofrarias; Henri Inchauspe; Eric Plagnol; Oliver Jennrich; Paul W. McNamara; Michele Armano; James Ira Thorpe; Peter Wass

    2014-08-04

    LISA Pathfinder (LPF), ESA's precursor mission to a gravitational wave observatory, will measure the degree to which two test-masses can be put into free-fall, aiming to demonstrate a residual relative acceleration with a power spectral density (PSD) below 30 fm/s$^2$/Hz$^{1/2}$ around 1 mHz. In LPF data analysis, the measured relative acceleration data series must be fit to other various measured time series data. This fitting is required in different experiments, from system identification of the test mass and satellite dynamics to the subtraction of noise contributions from measured known disturbances. In all cases, the background noise, described by the PSD of the fit residuals, is expected to be coloured, requiring that we perform such fits in the frequency domain. This PSD is unknown {\\it a priori}, and a high accuracy estimate of this residual acceleration noise is an essential output of our analysis. In this paper we present a fitting method based on Bayesian parameter estimation with an unknown frequency-dependent background noise. The method uses noise marginalisation in connection with averaged Welch's periodograms to achieve unbiased parameter estimation, together with a consistent, non-parametric estimate of the residual PSD. Additionally, we find that the method is equivalent to some implementations of iteratively re-weighted least-squares fitting. We have tested the method both on simulated data of known PSD, and to analyze differential acceleration from several experiments with the LISA Pathfinder end-to-end mission simulator.

  6. Remote implementation of partially unknown operations and its entanglement costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shu-Hui Luo; An-Min Wang

    2013-01-24

    We present the generalized version of Wang's protocol[A.M.Wang, Phys.Rev.A 74,032317 (2006)] for the remote implementation(sometimes referred to as quantum remote control) of partially unknown quantum operations. The protocol only requires no more than half of the entanglements used in Bidirectional Quantum State Teleportation. We also propose a protocol for another form of quantum remote control. It can remotely implement a unitary operation which is a combination of the projective representations of a group. Moreover, we prove that the Schmidt rank of the entanglements cannot not be less than the number of controlled parameters of the operations, which for the first time gives a lower bound on entanglement costs in remote implementation of quantum operations.

  7. From Revisiting the LCA-based Approach to a New Semantics-based Approach for XML Keyword Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ling, Tok Wang

    From Revisiting the LCA-based Approach to a New Semantics-based Approach for XML Keyword Search for data-centric XML documents are based on the compu- tation of Lowest Common Ancestors (LCA), such as SLCA and MLCA. In this paper, we show that the LCA is not always a correct search model for processing

  8. Version: 6/16/98 Keywords: wavy surface flow, finite element, longwave analysis, weakly-nonlinear analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCready, Mark J.

    Version: 6/16/98 Keywords: wavy surface flow, finite element, longwave analysis, weakly and drag are found, from finite element calculations, to increase as amplitude to approximately the third wavelength problem is solved numerically with a finite element formulation providing qualitative trends

  9. Determination of biogas generation potential as a renewable energy source from supermarket wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alkanok, Gizem; Demirel, Burak Onay, Turgut T.

    2014-01-15

    Highlights: • Disposal of supermarket wastes in landfills may contribute to environmental pollution. • High methane yields can be obtained from supermarket wastes by anaerobic co-digestion. • Fruit and vegetable wastes or dairy products wastes could individually be handled by a two-stage anaerobic process. • Buffering capacity, trace metal and C/N ratio are essential for digestion of supermarket wastes. - Abstract: Fruit, vegetable, flower waste (FVFW), dairy products waste (DPW), meat waste (MW) and sugar waste (SW) obtained from a supermarket chain were anaerobically digested, in order to recover methane as a source of renewable energy. Batch mesophilic anaerobic reactors were run at total solids (TS) ratios of 5%, 8% and 10%. The highest methane yield of 0.44 L CH{sub 4}/g VS{sub added} was obtained from anaerobic digestion of wastes (FVFW + DPW + MW + SW) at 10% TS, with 66.4% of methane (CH{sub 4}) composition in biogas. Anaerobic digestion of mixed wastes at 5% and 8% TS provided slightly lower methane yields of 0.41 and 0.40 L CH{sub 4}/g VS{sub added}, respectively. When the wastes were digested alone without co-substrate addition, the highest methane yield of 0.40 L CH{sub 4}/g VS{sub added} was obtained from FVFW at 5% TS. Generally, although the volatile solids (VS) conversion percentages seemed low during the experiments, higher methane yields could be obtained from anaerobic digestion of supermarket wastes. A suitable carbon/nitrogen (C/N) ratio, proper adjustment of the buffering capacity and the addition of essential trace nutrients (such as Ni) could improve VS conversion and biogas production yields significantly.

  10. Biogas from refuse via an earth-sheltered passive solar digester. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-02-01

    As originally conceived, the project involved the design, construction and operation of a test-scale refuse digestion system and alternative energy technology, as an integral component of a planned comprehensive waste management system based on the concept of recycling and resource recovery. Specific technologies employed in the digestion system included aerobic composting and anaerobic fermentation. System inputs included non-recycleable organic refuse (paper, food wastes, etc.) and septage (septic tank sludge), both of which represent disposal problems for many North American communities, and heat. Anticipated system outputs were biogas (50 to 60% methane), a premium fuel, and compostable sludge, a potential soil amendment-fertilizer. Projected net energy output was enhanced by incorporating biological feedstock preheating, earth sheltering, passive solar heating, and sludge heat recovery into the project design. The purpose of the project was to demonstrate the economic and environmental viability of this system versus competing waste-to-energy technologies. Due primarily to institutional barriers and related factors, the project did not progress to the point of enabling the stated purpose to be demonstrated.

  11. Dynamics of Electricity Markets with Unknown Utility Functions: An Extremum Seeking Control Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas J

    2014-01-01

    of demand response in electricity markets,” Electric Powerthe dynamics of electricity markets with unknown utilityvolatility in the electricity markets and consider more

  12. The Multi-robot Coverage Problem for Optimal Coordinated Search with an Unknown Number of Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    The Multi-robot Coverage Problem for Optimal Coordinated Search with an Unknown Number of Robots of Minnesota Minneapolis, MN 55455 Email: {hjmin|npapas}@cs.umn.edu Abstract-- This work presents a novel multi-robot coverage scheme for an unknown number of robots; it focuses on optimizing the number of robots and each

  13. A biped static balance control and torque pattern learning under unknown periodic external forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Satoshi

    A biped static balance control and torque pattern learning under unknown periodic external forces balancing task in which an unknown external force is exerted, using so-called `ankle strategy' model. When an external force is pe- riodic, a human adaptively maintains the balance, next learns how much force should

  14. A Bottom-up Merging Algorithm for Chinese Unknown Word Extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Bottom-up Merging Algorithm for Chinese Unknown Word Extraction Wei-Yun Ma Institute, Academia Sinica kchen@iis.sinica.edu.tw Abstract Statistical methods for extracting Chinese unknown words of characters with no delimiters to mark word boundaries. Therefore the initial step for Chinese processing

  15. Positioning Unknown Words in a Thesaurus by Using Information Extracted from a Corpus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Positioning Unknown Words in a Thesaurus by Using Information Extracted from a Corpus Na extracted from a large corpus. A suitable area (if the thesaurus for an unknown woM ix estimated l)y inte- grating the human intuition I)urled in the thesaurus and statistical data extracted from the corpus

  16. Confronting the Unknown: Tejanas in the Transformation of Spanish and Mexican Texas, 1735-1836 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rincones, Cassandra

    2015-05-12

    Confronting the Unknown: Tejanas in the Transformation of Spanish and Mexican Texas, 1735-1836 sheds light on Tejana legal and social roles in this tumultuous period. Despite great strides in the field of Borderlands history ...

  17. Vision-based guidance and control of a hovering vehicle in unknown environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahrens, Spencer Greg

    2008-01-01

    This thesis presents a methodology, architecture, hardware implementation, and results of a system capable of controlling and guiding a hovering vehicle in unknown environments, emphasizing cluttered indoor spaces. Six-axis ...

  18. CROSS-WORD SUB-WORD UNITS FOR LOW-RESOURCE KEYWORD SPOTTING William Hartmann, Lori Lamel, and Jean-Luc Gauvain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CROSS-WORD SUB-WORD UNITS FOR LOW-RESOURCE KEYWORD SPOTTING William Hartmann, Lori Lamel, and Jean-Luc Gauvain Spoken Language Processing Group, LIMSI-CNRS 91403 Orsay, France {hartmann, lamel, gauvain

  19. by the ratio of biogas production to organic matter input : 0.20 to 0.3 M3/kg organic When considering the period of steady operation, i.e. without technical problems such

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    by the ratio of biogas production to organic matter input : 0.20 to 0.3 M3/kg organic matter. When produced and mainly cor- responded to the heating of fresh manure. Selfconsumption was all the larger

  20. Generalized unknown morpheme guessing for hybrid POS tagging Jeongwon Cha and Geunbae Lee and Jong-Hyeok Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Generalized unknown morpheme guessing for hybrid POS tagging of Korean* Jeongwon Cha and Geunbae anal- ysis and POS (Part-of-Speech) tagging are caused by unknown morphemes. This paper presents hybrid POS tagging system. The generalized unknown mor- pheme guessing is based on a combination

  1. Fault-Tolerant Exploration of an Unknown Dangerous Graph by Scattered Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flocchini, Paola

    Fault-Tolerant Exploration of an Unknown Dangerous Graph by Scattered Agents Paola Flocchini1 a network where there are dangerous sites (black holes) that eliminate any incoming searcher without leaving a discernible trace. Dangerous graph exploration (Dge) extends the Bhs problem to include dangerous links (black

  2. Bayesian Design for the Normal Linear Model with Unknown Error Variance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of specific design criteria to specific prior assumptions on the variance has been demonstrated, but a general, 1985; Pilz, 1991) defined Bayesian optimal design criteria as functions OE(X) of the posteriorBayesian Design for the Normal Linear Model with Unknown Error Variance Isabella Verdinelli

  3. A Note on Bayesian Design for the Normal Linear Model with Unknown Error Variance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the assumption of known variance. The insensitivity of specific design criteria to prior assumptions thought. Some Key Words: Bayesian design criteria; Design for prediction; Linear model; Expected Utility known coincides with the one that minimizes OE(X) for oe 2 unknown. A number of optimal design criteria

  4. Discovering Unknown Genes Technical Report FIU-SCIS-2015-01-20-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Michael

    [5]. The main characteristic of Human Genome data is its large size. The Genome Project started, and others. Of the 3.2 billion bases present in the Human Genome we find genes in about 2% of the genome that represents the known 2% of the human genome and the black section represents the unknown 98% called "Dark

  5. Particle Filter-based Trajectory Estimation with Passive UHF RFID Fingerprints in Unknown Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zell, Andreas

    Particle Filter-based Trajectory Estimation with Passive UHF RFID Fingerprints in Unknown approach to esti- mating the trajectory of a robot by means of inexpensive passive RFID tags and odometry), where map building and estimating the trajectory of the robot are performed concur- rently. A crucial

  6. Abstract Planning with Unknown Object Quantities and Properties Siddharth Srivastava and Neil Immerman and Shlomo Zilberstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilberstein, Shlomo

    01003 Abstract State abstraction has been widely used for state aggregation in approaches to AI search common. For instance, consider a simplified recycling problem where a recycling robot must pick up objects from a set of unknown number of bins, perform a sensing action to determine recyclability

  7. ADAPTIVE CALIBRATION AND CONTROL OF CASCADE PROCESSES WITH UNKNOWN MEASUREMENT MODEL AND ACTUATOR DYNAMICS AND ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Perry Y.

    ADAPTIVE CALIBRATION AND CONTROL OF CASCADE PROCESSES WITH UNKNOWN MEASUREMENT MODEL AND ACTUATOR the material being processed goes through a sequence of processing units. The output of an upstream processing unit is fed into the input of the unit downstream. In many cases, the variables of interests are only

  8. Orientation Refinement of Virus Structures with Unknown Symmetry Yongchang Ji, Dan C. Marinescu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Timothy S.

    Orientation Refinement of Virus Structures with Unknown Symmetry Yongchang Ji, Dan C. Marinescu, in particular the structure determina- tion of viruses and other large macromolecular complexes leads to data determina- tion of viruses, the orientation refinement. 1. Introduction and Motivation Viruses are large

  9. Finding Relevant Concepts for Unknown Terms Using a Web-based Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Previous research on automatic thesaurus construction most focused on extracting relevant terms for each relevant concepts for unknown terms. 1. INTRODUCTION It has been well recognized that a thesaurus retrieval systems. One of the important functions of a thesaurus is to provide the information of term

  10. Target localization in unknown environments using static wireless sensors and mobile robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Thomas C.

    localization in unknown environments using a prior-deployed static wireless sensor network (WSN). The goal the global maxima. It is assumed that there is no global coordinate frame for the region i.e. the WSN-densities and obstacle- filled regions. Index Terms--RSSI, Target Localization, Virtual Topological Gradient, WSN

  11. Title: Subspace Clustering of Microarray Data based on Domain Transformation Keywords: gene expression, subspace clustering, inverted index, gene-gene rela-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLeod, Dennis

    of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA #12;Subspace Clustering of Microarray Data based on DomainTitle: Subspace Clustering of Microarray Data based on Domain Transformation Keywords: gene framework that supports the identi- fication of useful knowledge based on data clustering. With the recent

  12. Siphon++: A Hidden-Web Crawler for Keyword-Based Karane Vieira1, Luciano Barbosa2, Juliana Freire2, Altigran Silva1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freire, Juliana

    Siphon++: A Hidden-Web Crawler for Keyword-Based Interfaces Karane Vieira1, Luciano Barbosa2. THE HIDDEN-WEB CRAWLER Figure 1 shows the architecture of Siphon++, the proposed adap- tive crawler. Siphon of the Siphon++. which discovers features of the index, and a heuristic component, which derives the queries

  13. Maxim > App Notes > BATTERY MANAGEMENT INTERFACE CIRCUITS Keywords: USB, USB Charger, Li+ USB charger, Lithium Ion USB charger, NiMH USB charger, USB battery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Jont

    charger, Lithium Ion USB charger, NiMH USB charger, USB battery charger, charging batteries from USB, and cabling. An overview of nickel metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium battery technologies, charging methodsMaxim > App Notes > BATTERY MANAGEMENT INTERFACE CIRCUITS Keywords: USB, USB Charger, Li+ USB

  14. SEC: Accounting Board Is Dragging Feet -WSJ http://www.wsj.com/articles/sec-accounting-board-is-dragging-feet-1418605107?KEYWORDS=sec+accounting+board+is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    #12;SEC: Accounting Board Is Dragging Feet - WSJ http://www.wsj.com/articles/sec-accounting-board-is-dragging-feet-1418605107?KEYWORDS=sec+accounting+board+is SEC: Accounting Board Is Dragging Feet Commission Officials officials publicly took issue with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board at a conference last week

  15. Programming with Keywords Greg Little

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    aware of tend to be pretty obvious and mechanical manipulations of ideas coughed up from my subconscious

  16. keyword | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data book Homefuel efficiencyhackinginternational

  17. OpenEI Community - keyword

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart Grid Data available for download onst,/0 enBigWater Power

  18. Cooperative Approaches for Implementation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    ;#12;Abstract Anaerobic digestion of dairy manure produces biogas that can be captured and used for fuel while returns from energy and byproduct sales. Keywords: Anaerobic digestion, biogas, cooperatives, carbon storage and handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Biogas production

  19. Detecting the Violation of Factorial Invariance with an Unknown Reference Variable 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Eunju

    2014-08-04

    DETECTING THE VIOLATION OF FACTORIAL INVARIANCE WITH AN UNKNOWN REFERENCE VARIABLE A Dissertation by EUNJU JUNG Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Factor Analysis PFI Partial Factorial Invariance PMI Partial Metric Invariance PSI Partial Scalar Invariance ST-IM Standardization Identification Method RV Reference Variable RV-IM Reference Variable Identification Method VRV-IM Variation...

  20. The Unknown Ecology of an Environmental Pathogen: Buruli ulcer Disease in West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Lindsay P.

    2013-11-20

    GIS DAY 2013 THE UNKNOWN ECOLOGY OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL PATHOGEN: BURULI ULCER DISEASE IN WEST AFRICA LINDSAY CAMPBELL ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS Buruli Ulcer Disease (BU) ? Mycobacterium ulcerans (MU) ? Environmental... Africa using a correlative modeling approach Images courtesy of Lindsay Campbell and http://www.who.int/buruli/photos Occurrence Data ? Laboratory confirmed cases ? (1997 – 2006) ? Sampling bias ? Random points ? 3 data sets ? ~275 locations...

  1. Reconstruction of an unknown cavity with Robin boundary condition inside a heat conductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gen Nakamura; Haibing Wang

    2015-05-22

    Active thermography is a non-destructive testing technique to detect the internal structure of a heat conductor, which is widely applied in industrial engineering. In this paper, we consider the problem of identifying an unknown cavity with Robin boundary condition inside a heat conductor from boundary measurements. To set up the inverse problem mathematically, we first state the corresponding forward problem and show its well-posedness in an anisotropic Sobolev space by the integral equation method. Then, taking the Neumann-to-Dirichlet map as mathematically idealized measured data for the active thermography, we present a linear sampling method for reconstructing the unknown Robin-type cavity and give its mathematical justification by using the layer potential argument. In addition, we analyze the indicator function used in this method and show its pointwise asymptotic behavior by investigating the reflected solution of the fundamental solution. From our asymptotic analysis, we can establish a pointwise reconstruction scheme for the boundary of the cavity, and can also know the distance to the unknown cavity as we probe it from its inside.

  2. Reconstruction of signals with unknown spectra in information field theory with parameter uncertainty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ensslin, Torsten A.; Frommert, Mona [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85741 Garching (Germany)

    2011-05-15

    The optimal reconstruction of cosmic metric perturbations and other signals requires knowledge of their power spectra and other parameters. If these are not known a priori, they have to be measured simultaneously from the same data used for the signal reconstruction. We formulate the general problem of signal inference in the presence of unknown parameters within the framework of information field theory. To solve this, we develop a generic parameter-uncertainty renormalized estimation (PURE) technique. As a concrete application, we address the problem of reconstructing Gaussian signals with unknown power-spectrum with five different approaches: (i) separate maximum-a-posteriori power-spectrum measurement and subsequent reconstruction, (ii) maximum-a-posteriori reconstruction with marginalized power-spectrum, (iii) maximizing the joint posterior of signal and spectrum, (iv) guessing the spectrum from the variance in the Wiener-filter map, and (v) renormalization flow analysis of the field-theoretical problem providing the PURE filter. In all cases, the reconstruction can be described or approximated as Wiener-filter operations with assumed signal spectra derived from the data according to the same recipe, but with differing coefficients. All of these filters, except the renormalized one, exhibit a perception threshold in case of a Jeffreys prior for the unknown spectrum. Data modes with variance below this threshold do not affect the signal reconstruction at all. Filter (iv) seems to be similar to the so-called Karhune-Loeve and Feldman-Kaiser-Peacock estimators for galaxy power spectra used in cosmology, which therefore should also exhibit a marginal perception threshold if correctly implemented. We present statistical performance tests and show that the PURE filter is superior to the others, especially if the post-Wiener-filter corrections are included or in case an additional scale-independent spectral smoothness prior can be adopted.

  3. GAMIDENT: a program to aid in the identification of unknown materials by gamma-ray spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howerton, R.J.; Eggens, C.J.

    1980-01-04

    A computer code, called GAMIDENT, was written to help identify isotopes by their gamma-ray emissions and thus to assist in the non-destructive assay of unknown materials. The program searches a file (called GAMIN) of gamma-ray spectra, from both radioactive decays and neutron captures, for matches with observed photon energies. This report describes the search procedure used, outlines the use of the code, and gives examples. The code is designed for operation at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory on a CDC-7600 computer. It is written in standard Fortran (ANSI) as much as possible, but it contains some LRLTRAN instructions required to make use of the Livermore Timesharing System. The code uses about 30,000 words of SCM and about 550,000 words of LCM. Typical problems run in less than 30 seconds. The source program and the data file are available on request.

  4. Investigating the Selection of Example Sentences for Unknown Target Words in ICALL Reading Texts for L2 German 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segler, Thomas M.

    2007-06-26

    This thesis considers possible criteria for the selection of example sentences for difficult or unknown words in reading texts for students of German as a Second Language (GSL). The examples are intended to be provided ...

  5. First all-sky search for continuous gravitational waves from unknown sources in binary systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aasi, J; Abbott, R; Abbott, T; Abernathy, M R; Accadia, T; Acernese, F; Ackley, K; Adams, C; Adams, T; Addesso, P; Adhikari, R X; Affeldt, C; Agathos, M; Aggarwal, N; Aguiar, O D; Ain, A; Ajith, P; Alemic, A; Allen, B; Allocca, A; Amariutei, D; Andersen, M; Anderson, R; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arai, K; Araya, M C; Arceneaux, C; Areeda, J; Aston, S M; Astone, P; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Austin, L; Aylott, B E; Babak, S; Baker, P T; Ballardin, G; Ballmer, S W; Barayoga, J C; Barbet, M; Barish, B C; Barker, D; Barone, F; Barr, B; Barsotti, L; Barsuglia, M; Barton, M A; Bartos, I; Bassiri, R; Basti, A; Batch, J C; Bauchrowitz, J; Bauer, Th S; Behnke, B; Bejger, M; Beker, M G; Belczynski, C; Bell, A S; Bell, C; Bergmann, G; Bersanetti, D; Bertolini, A; Betzwieser, J; Beyersdorf, P T; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Birch, J; Biscans, S; Bitossi, M; Bizouard, M A; Black, E; Blackburn, J K; Blackburn, L; Blair, D; Bloemen, S; Blom, M; Bock, O; Bodiya, T P; Boer, M; Bogaert, G; Bogan, C; Bond, C; Bondu, F; Bonelli, L; Bonnand, R; Bork, R; Born, M; Boschi, V; Bose, Sukanta; Bosi, L; Bradaschia, C; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Branchesi, M; Brau, J E; Briant, T; Bridges, D O; Brillet, A; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Brooks, A F; Brown, D A; Brown, D D; Brückner, F; Buchman, S; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buonanno, A; Burman, R; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Bustillo, J Calderón; Calloni, E; Camp, J B; Campsie, P; Cannon, K C; Canuel, B; Cao, J; Capano, C D; Carbognani, F; Carbone, L; Caride, S; Castiglia, A; Caudill, S; Cavaglià, M; Cavalier, F; Cavalieri, R; Celerier, C; Cella, G; Cepeda, C; Cesarini, E; Chakraborty, R; Chalermsongsak, T; Chamberlin, S J; Chao, S; Charlton, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chen, X; Chen, Y; Chincarini, A; Chiummo, A; Cho, H S; Chow, J; Christensen, N; Chu, Q; Chua, S S Y; Chung, S; Ciani, G; Clara, F; Clark, J A; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Cohadon, P -F; Colla, A; Collette, C; Colombini, M; Cominsky, L; Constancio, M; Conte, A; Cook, D; Corbitt, T R; Cordier, M; Cornish, N; Corpuz, A; Corsi, A; Costa, C A; Coughlin, M W; Coughlin, S; Coulon, J -P; Countryman, S; Couvares, P; Coward, D M; Cowart, M; Coyne, D C; Coyne, R; Craig, K; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Crowder, S G; Cumming, A; Cunningham, L; Cuoco, E; Dahl, K; Canton, T Dal; Damjanic, M; Danilishin, S L; D'Antonio, S; Danzmann, K; Dattilo, V; Daveloza, H; Davier, M; Davies, G S; Daw, E J; Day, R; Dayanga, T; Debreczeni, G; Degallaix, J; Deléglise, S; Del Pozzo, W; Denker, T; Dent, T; Dereli, H; Dergachev, V; De Rosa, R; DeRosa, R T; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S; Díaz, M; Di Fiore, L; Di Lieto, A; Di Palma, I; Di Virgilio, A; Donath, A; Donovan, F; Dooley, K L; Doravari, S; Dossa, S; Douglas, R; Downes, T P; Drago, M; Drever, R W P; Driggers, J C; Du, Z; Dwyer, S; Eberle, T; Edo, T; Edwards, M; Effler, A; Eggenstein, H; Ehrens, P; Eichholz, J; Eikenberry, S S; Endr\\Hoczi, G; Essick, R; Etzel, T; Evans, M; Evans, T; Factourovich, M; Fafone, V; Fairhurst, S; Fang, Q; Farinon, S; Farr, B; Farr, W M; Favata, M; Fehrmann, H; Fejer, M M; Feldbaum, D; Feroz, F; Ferrante, I; Ferrini, F; Fidecaro, F; Finn, L S; Fiori, I; Fisher, R P; Flaminio, R; Fournier, J -D; Franco, S; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Frede, M; Frei, Z; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T T; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fulda, P; Fyffe, M; Gair, J; Gammaitoni, L; Gaonkar, S; Garufi, F; Gehrels, N; Gemme, G; Genin, E; Gennai, A; Ghosh, S; Giaime, J A; Giardina, K D; Giazotto, A; Gill, C; Gleason, J; Goetz, E; Goetz, R; Gondan, L; González, G; Gordon, N; Gorodetsky, M L; Gossan, S; Goßler, S; Gouaty, R; Gräf, C; Graff, P B; Granata, M; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, C; Greenhalgh, R J S; Gretarsson, A M; Groot, P; Grote, H; Grover, K; Grunewald, S; Guidi, G M; Guido, C; Gushwa, K; Gustafson, E K; Gustafson, R; Hammer, D; Hammond, G; Hanke, M; Hanks, J; Hanna, C; Hanson, J; Harms, J; Harry, G M; Harry, I W; Harstad, E D; Hart, M; Hartman, M T; Haster, C -J; Haughian, K; Heidmann, A; Heintze, M; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hemming, G; Hendry, M; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A W; Heurs, M; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hoak, D; Hodge, K A; Holt, K; Hooper, S; Hopkins, P; Hosken, D J; Hough, J; Howell, E J; Hu, Y; Huerta, E; Hughey, B; Husa, S; Huttner, S H; Huynh, M; Huynh-Dinh, T; Ingram, D R; Inta, R; Isogai, T; Ivanov, A; Iyer, B R; Izumi, K; Jacobson, M; James, E; Jang, H; Jaranowski, P; Ji, Y; Jiménez-Forteza, F; Johnson, W W; Jones, D I; Jones, R; Jonker, R J G; Ju, L; K, Haris; Kalmus, P; Kalogera, V; Kandhasamy, S; Kang, G; Kanner, J B; Karlen, J; Kasprzack, M; Katsavounidis, E; Katzman, W; Kaufer, H; Kawabe, K; Kawazoe, F; Kéfélian, F; Keiser, G M; Keitel, D; Kelley, D B; Kells, W; Khalaidovski, A; Khalili, F Y; Khazanov, E A; Kim, C; Kim, K; Kim, N; Kim, N G; Kim, Y -M; King, E J; King, P J; Kinzel, D L; Kissel, J S; Klimenko, S; Kline, J; Koehlenbeck, S; Kokeyama, K; Kondrashov, V; Koranda, S

    2014-01-01

    We present the first results of an all-sky search for continuous gravitational waves from unknown spinning neutron stars in binary systems using LIGO and Virgo data. Using a specially developed analysis program, the TwoSpect algorithm, the search was carried out on data from the sixth LIGO Science Run and the second and third Virgo Science Runs. The search covers a range of frequencies from 20 Hz to 520 Hz, a range of orbital periods from 2 to ~2,254 h and a frequency- and period-dependent range of frequency modulation depths from 0.277 to 100 mHz. This corresponds to a range of projected semi-major axes of the orbit from ~0.6e-3 ls to ~6,500 ls assuming the orbit of the binary is circular. While no plausible candidate gravitational wave events survive the pipeline, upper limits are set on the analyzed data. The most sensitive 95% confidence upper limit obtained on gravitational wave strain is 2.3e-24 at 217 Hz, assuming the source waves are circularly polarized. Although this search has been optimized for ci...

  6. Contrasting the management of livestock manures in Europe with that practised in Asia: what lessons can be learnt?2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , they are rarely popular unless a financial return is implied such as in biogas schemes.20 Keywords : European

  7. Face Synthesis and Recognition from a Single Image under Arbitrary Unknown Lighting using a Spherical Harmonic Basis Morphable Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samaras, Dimitris

    of lighting conditions can be approxi- mated accurately by a 9 dimensional linear subspace. This led to faceFace Synthesis and Recognition from a Single Image under Arbitrary Unknown Lighting using that the set of images of a convex Lambertian object obtained under a wide variety of lighting conditions can

  8. Anorexia nervosa (AN), a disorder of unknown aetiol-ogy, is characterized by restricted eating and a relent-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Anorexia nervosa (AN), a disorder of unknown aetiol- ogy, is characterized by restricted eating nervosa Walter H. Kaye*, Julie L. Fudge and Martin Paulus§ Abstract | Individuals with anorexia nervosa.1038/nrn2682 Published online 15 July New insights into symptoms and neurocircuit function of anorexia

  9. The use of a new logistic regression model for predicting the outcome of pregnancies of unknown location

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .8, a positive predictive value of 27.5% and a negative predictive value of 99.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The logisticThe use of a new logistic regression model for predicting the outcome of pregnancies of unknown, London UK. E-mail: gcondous@hotmail.com BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to generate and evaluate

  10. KEYWORDS: H-pile, group effect, press-in method, deep foundation ABSTRACT: A novel foundation system comprising steel H-piles is described. Using the press-in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolton, Malcolm

    KEYWORDS: H-pile, group effect, press-in method, deep foundation ABSTRACT: A novel foundation system comprising steel H-piles is described. Using the press-in method, continuous walls of H-piles can efficace pour les zones urbanisées. 1 INTRODUCTION The press-in method of pile installation is a modern

  11. ISOLATION AND UTILIZATION OF ACETYL-CoA CARBOXYLASE FROM OIL PALM (Elaeis guineensis) MESOCARP Keywords: acetyl-CoA carboxylase, gene isolation, biotin carboxylase, biodegradable plastics, oil palm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    ISOLATION AND UTILIZATION OF ACETYL-CoA CARBOXYLASE FROM OIL PALM (Elaeis guineensis) MESOCARP 97 Keywords: acetyl-CoA carboxylase, gene isolation, biotin carboxylase, biodegradable plastics, oil palm; Accepted: 7 November 2007. ISOLATION AND UTILIZATION OF ACETYL-CoA CARBOXYLASE FROM OIL PALM (Elaeis

  12. Efficient Computation of Multiple XML Keyword Queries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chengfei

    to the structure and rich semantics of XML data. As such, a family of LCA (Low- est Common Ancestor) based approaches have been proposed, such as, SLCA (Smallest LCA)[12,9] and ELCA (Exclusive LCA)[5,13,15]. We

  13. HEGIS CLASSIFICATIONS (THIS DOCUMENT IS KEYWORD SEARCHABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raina, Ramesh

    , community, and regional planning 0299 Other, specify 0300 AREA STUDIES Subject field designations which Transportation and public utilities 0511 Real estate 0512 Insurance 0513 International business 0514 Secretarial

  14. INDEXING WORKSHOP: HOW TO ASSIGN KEYWORDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sternberg, Virginia

    2012-01-01

    kind of dictionary (or thesaurus). This use of normal termsarbitrary term taken from a thesaurus. We are developing aone and record it in the thesaurus. List the rejected terms

  15. Efficient Interactive Fuzzy Keyword Search Shengyue Ji

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Guoliang

    return answers after a user submits a complete query. Users often feel "left in the dark" when they have is held by the International World Wide Web Conference Com- mittee (IW3C2). Distribution of these papers, often the user feels "left in the dark" when issuing queries, and has to use a try- and-see approach

  16. The Market for Keywords and Ran Spiegler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levit, Anna

    match" function determines the probability with which a firm will enter the consumer's search pool outcome. We provide necessary and sufficient conditions, in terms of the underlying search cost of their wants and their actual wants. Consumers consult a search engine by entering a query, which is typically

  17. FISSION REACTORS KEYWORDS: high-temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yildiz, Bilge

    REACTORS WITH SUPERCRITICAL CO2 CYCLES BILGE YILDIZ,* KATHERINE J. HOHNHOLT, and MUJID S. KAZIMI-temperature steam electrolysis (HTSE) supported by a supercritical CO2 (SCO2) recompression Brayton cycle by a supercritical CO2 ~SCO2! power conversion system that is directly coupled to an advanced gas-cooled reactor

  18. Diverse Keyword Extraction from Conversations Maryam Habibi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - tween words can be obtained from a manually- constructed thesaurus such as WordNet, or from Wikipedia

  19. Unknown 2 (Cultivated) 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hugh D. Wilson

    2011-08-10

    ), Nueces Delta Mitigation Project, and Mustang Island, Texas. Analysis focused on black-bellied plover (Pluvialis squatarola), long-billed curlew (Numenitus americanus, peeps (Calidris sandpipers), willet (Cataptrophorus semipalmatus), great blue heron...

  20. Erythroderma of unknown etiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altiner, Ahmet; Chu, Julie; Patel, Rishi; Latkowski, Jo-Ann; Schaffer, Julie; Sanders, Scott

    2011-01-01

    family history of atopy and psoriasis. Physical examinationdiagnosis such as psoriasis or atopic dermatitis. However,with erythroderma found psoriasis to be the most common

  1. Unknown shrub (Native) 3 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hugh D. Wilson

    2011-08-10

    Plankton communities are influenced, in part, by water exchange with adjacent estuarine and oceanic ecosystems. Reduced advective transport through tidal passes or with adjacent bay systems can affect chemical processes and biological interactions...

  2. Four unknown constants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-02-27

    Purdue University. West Lafayette, IN 47907 banuelos@math.purdue.edu. 1 Four inequalities. Let ? ? R2 be an arbitrary simply connected domain in the plane.

  3. Unknown (Native) 5 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    capabilities and code validation, a model of the GT-MHR reactor pressure vessel (RPV) was developed. Based on the currently available data, a model of the NGNP RPV was then developed through modifying the GT-MHR RPV model. For both RPV models, coolant outlet...

  4. Improved Dosimetric and Clinical Outcomes With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer of Unknown Primary Origin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M.; Li Baoqing; Farwell, D. Gregory; Marsano, Joseph; Vijayakumar, Srinivasan; Purdy, James A.

    2011-03-01

    Purpose: To compare differences in dosimetric, clinical, and quality-of-life endpoints among a cohort of patients treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and conventional radiotherapy (CRT) for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Methods and Materials: The medical records of 51 patients treated by radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck presenting as cervical lymph node metastasis of occult primary origin were reviewed. Twenty-four patients (47%) were treated using CRT, and 27 (53%) were treated using IMRT. The proportions of patients receiving concurrent chemotherapy were 54% and 63%, respectively. Results: The 2-year estimates of overall survival, local-regional control, and disease-specific survival for the entire patient population were 86%, 89%, and84%, respectively. There were no significant differences in any of these endpoints with respect to radiation therapy technique (p > 0.05 for all). Dosimetric analysis revealed that the use of IMRT resulted in significant improvements with respect to mean dose and V30 to the contralateral (spared) parotid gland. In addition, mean doses to the ipsilateral inner and middle ear structures were significantly reduced with IMRT (p < 0.05 for all). The incidence of severe xerostomia in the late setting was 58% and 11% among patients treated by CRT and IMRT, respectively (p < 0.001). The percentages of patients who were G-tube dependent at 6 months after treatment were 42% and 11%, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: IMRT results in significant improvements in the therapeutic ratio among patients treated by radiation therapy for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin.

  5. Testing for the Possible Influence of Unknown Climate Forcings upon Global Temperature Increases from 1950-2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, Bruce T.; Knight, Jeff R.; Ringer, Mark A.; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Cherchi, Annalisa

    2012-10-15

    Global-scale variations in the climate system over the last half of the twentieth century, including long-term increases in global-mean near-surface temperatures, are consistent with concurrent human-induced emissions of radiatively active gases and aerosols. However, such consistency does not preclude the possible influence of other forcing agents, including internal modes of climate variability or unaccounted for aerosol effects. To test whether other unknown forcing agents may have contributed to multidecadal increases in global-mean near-surface temperatures from 1950 to 2000, data pertaining to observed changes in global-scale sea surface temperatures and observed changes in radiatively active atmospheric constituents are incorporated into numerical global climate models. Results indicate that the radiative forcing needed to produce the observed long-term trends in sea surface temperatures—and global-mean near-surface temperatures—is provided predominantly by known changes in greenhouse gases and aerosols. Further, results indicate that less than 10% of the long-term historical increase in global-mean near-surface temperatures over the last half of the twentieth century could have been the result of internal climate variability. In addition, they indicate that less than 25%of the total radiative forcing needed to produce the observed long-term trend in global-mean near-surface temperatures could have been provided by changes in net radiative forcing from unknown sources (either positive or negative). These results, which are derived from simple energy balance requirements, emphasize the important role humans have played in modifying the global climate over the last half of the twentieth century.

  6. American Biogas Council: The Voice of the US Biogas Industry

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    anaerobic digestion designers equipment dealers waste managers waste water companies farms utilities consultants and EPCs financiers,...

  7. Abwicklungsgesellschaft Biogas I AG Formerly Schmack Biogas AG | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgramInformationEnergyAGGeorgia:SLAbu Dhabi

  8. Biogas Opportunities Roadmap Progress Report

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    * EPA's Pacific Southwest Office (Region 9) provided funds to the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District's Technology Advancement Program to demonstrate an...

  9. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biogas

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    12% of the national electricity demand, according to the National Association of Clean Water Agencies; there are over 16,000 WWTPs in the United States, and about 1,500 employ...

  10. Energen Biogas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of theClimateElgin,Wind UK JumpEnerg tica Campos de

  11. Chesterfield Biogas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLCLtd Jump to:Changing World TechnologiesCharts

  12. \\\\server05\\productn\\C\\CJP\\14-1\\CJP102.txt unknown Seq: 1 24-FEB-05 17:48 REGULATING OFFSHORE WIND POWER AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 R C. DIFFERENCES IN THE E.U. AND U.S. WITH RESPECT TO OFFSHORE WIND FARMS\\\\server05\\productn\\C\\CJP\\14-1\\CJP102.txt unknown Seq: 1 24-FEB-05 17:48 REGULATING OFFSHORE WIND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 R A. OFFSHORE AQUACULTURE (MARICULTURE) . . . . . . . . . . . 74 R B. OFFSHORE WIND POWER

  13. \\\\server05\\productn\\C\\CJP\\14-1\\CJP102.txt unknown Seq: 1 24-FEB-05 17:48 REGULATING OFFSHORE WIND POWER AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    \\\\server05\\productn\\C\\CJP\\14-1\\CJP102.txt unknown Seq: 1 24-FEB-05 17:48 REGULATING OFFSHORE WIND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 R A. OFFSHORE AQUACULTURE (MARICULTURE) . . . . . . . . . . . 74 R B. OFFSHORE WIND POWER PRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 R C. POTENTIAL CONNECTIONS AMONG OFFSHORE WIND POWER, MARINE

  14. Teleportation of a two-qubit arbitrary unknown state using a four-qubit genuine entangled state with the combination of bell-state measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Li; Xiu, Xiao-Ming, E-mail: xiuxiaomingdl@126.com [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)] [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China); Ren, Yuan-Peng [Bohai University, Higher Professional Technical Institute (China)] [Bohai University, Higher Professional Technical Institute (China); Gao, Ya-Jun [Bohai University, College of Mathematics and Physics (China)] [Bohai University, College of Mathematics and Physics (China); Yi, X. X. [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)] [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)

    2013-01-15

    We propose a protocol transferring an arbitrary unknown two-qubit state using the quantum channel of a four-qubit genuine entangled state. Simplifying the four-qubit joint measurement to the combination of Bell-state measurements, it can be realized more easily with currently available technologies.

  15. Computational and Comparative Investigations of Syntrophic Acetate-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the constructed biogas reactors to run efficiently. (photo: (Shahid Manzoor) #12;Computational and Comparative of the W-L pathway genes operon. Keywords: hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis, biogas, Wood-Ljungdahl pathway.1 Importance of bacteria 17 2.2 Anaerobic environment 17 2.3 Importance of Biogas 18 2.4 Syntrophic

  16. Francesco Quesito Massimo Santarelli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, Suresh K.

    , Chicago, IL 60607-7022 Biogas Combustion in Premixed Flames or Electrochemical Oxidation in SOFC: Exergy a exergy point of view, the utilisation of the biogas in form of electrochemical oxidation in a SOFC premixed flames. [DOI: 10.1115/1.4023173] Keywords: biogas, premixed combustion, SOFC, modeling, exergy

  17. Current State of Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Wastes in North...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    10012015 ISSN 2196-3010 Keywords anaerobic digestion, biogas, biosolids, fertilizer, food waste, manure, organic waste, renewable energy Abstract With the large volumes of...

  18. California Energy Commission COMMITTEE REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement, Qualified Reporting Entity, RECs, renewable energy

  19. COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, certificates, certification, hydrogen, landfill gas, multifuel, municipal solid waste, ocean wave, photovoltaic, pipeline biomethane

  20. COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, certificates, certification, conduit hydroelectric, multifuel, municipal solid waste, ocean wave, photovoltaic, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement

  1. COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement, Qualified Reporting Entity, RECs, renewable energy

  2. STAFF DRAFT GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    compliance with the RPS. Keywords: awardee, battery, biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement, Qualified Reporting Entity (QRE), RECs, renewable energy

  3. Staff Draft GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, certificates, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement, Qualified Reporting Entity, RECs, renewable energy

  4. In academia Not in academia Not working or studying Unknown *PhD students received their award in financial year 2003/04.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    In academia Not in academia Not working or studying Unknown *PhD students received their award in financial year 2003/04. SP-5666/01-2013/PE Wave 1 PhD Wave 2 Wave 3 Wave 5 Wave 4 2009 2010 2011 2013 2012 PhD students (cohort 2003/04) join Wave 1 of BSCT Total cohort 2003/04 Former PhD students (cohort

  5. Fuel Quality Issues in Stationary Fuel Cell Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .........................................................................................................................................................1 2. Biogas resources

  6. Aggie Band - Unknown Date - 10 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-11-22

    in the interlayer of smectites: 1) exchanging interlayer cations, 2) selecting natural bentonites with different cation exchange capacities (CEC), and 3) reducing charge density of a high CEC smectite. Six bentonites were fractionated, with their major...

  7. Aggie Band - Unknown Date - 19 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-11-22

    3044g3290uni0020g3288g3276g3299 g3404uni0031g3398g4666uni0031g3398g1848g4667g4672 g3043g3298g3281 g3043g3267 g4673g3398g1848g4672 g3043g3298g3281 g3043g3267 g4673 g2870.???????????????..(eq.1.6) If V = 0 barb2right straight-line IPR, V = 0.8 barb2... on the inflow performance relationship (IPR), the well vertical lift performance (VLP), and the facilities network performance (Economides et al., 1993). 5 Fig. 1.2?A production system (Economides et al., 1993) uni2206g1868 g3404 uni2206g1868g3045g3032...

  8. Radiation Therapy in the Management of Head-and-Neck Cancer of Unknown Primary Origin: How Does the Addition of Concurrent Chemotherapy Affect the Therapeutic Ratio?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Allen M.; Farwell, D. Gregory; Lau, Derick H.; Li Baoqing; Luu, Quang; Donald, Paul J.

    2011-10-01

    Purpose: To determine how the addition of cisplatin-based concurrent chemotherapy to radiation therapy influences outcomes among a cohort of patients treated for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Methods and Materials: The medical records of 60 consecutive patients treated by radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck presenting as cervical lymph node metastasis of occult primary origin were reviewed. Thirty-two patients (53%) were treated by concurrent chemoradiation, and 28 patients (47%) were treated by radiation therapy alone. Forty-five patients (75%) received radiation therapy after surgical resection, and 15 patients (25%) received primary radiation therapy. Thirty-five patients (58%) were treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Results: The 2-year estimates of overall survival, local-regional control, and progression-free survival were 89%, 89%, and 79%, respectively, among patients treated by chemoradiation, compared to 90%, 92%, and 83%, respectively, among patients treated by radiation therapy alone (p > 0.05, for all). Exploratory analysis failed to identify any subset of patients who benefited from the addition of concurrent chemotherapy to radiation therapy. The use of concurrent chemotherapy was associated with a significantly increased incidence of Grade 3+ acute and late toxicity (p < 0.001, for both). Conclusions: Concurrent chemoradiation is associated with significant toxicity without a clear advantage to overall survival, local-regional control, and progression-free survival in the treatment of head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Although selection bias cannot be ignored, prospective data are needed to further address this question.

  9. Keyword Publications Company Profiles Thesaurus Cited References Indexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --more clumsily and with less success--are struggling to lift the best hammer they can find. All this activity their studies of wild chimpanzees at two field sites in Tanzania. (Goodall's research station at Gombe

  10. Search forKeyword More Make TBO your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Martin C.

    in Comcast after its stock dropped 12 percent. WORLD Oil Sets Record Oil prices set a new record Tuesday. Light crude for September delivery climbed 70 cents to $46.75 in New York trading. On an inflation-adjusted basis, though, oil is still about $10, or 18 percent, cheaper than it was just prior to the first Gulf

  11. Efficient XML Keyword Search: From Graph Model to Tree Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ling, Tok Wang

    to finding the lowest common ancestor (LCA) of that set of nodes, which can be efficiently addressed by node ancestor (LCA), i.e. node 0.0.1. Calculating the LCA simply requires c

  12. Exploiting Correlated Keywords to Improve Approximate Information Filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tryfonopoulos, Christos

    , Christos Tryfonopoulos, and Gerhard Weikum Databases and Information Systems Department Max-Planck Institut- scribe to information sources and be notified whenever new documents of interest are published. In approximate infor- mation filtering only selected information sources, that are likely to publish documents

  13. KEYWORDS: MINICELL, FTSZ, ASYMMETRIC CELL DIVISION, NANOCHASSIS, E. COLI, OPERON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    the patient. Although many drug-delivery vehicles have been developed to address this issue of off membranes, bacteria present an alternative, but biosafety concerns limit applications. To work around in energy, the environment, information processing, manufacturing, and health and medicine. Unfortunately

  14. National Library of Energy : Main View : Search Results for Keyword...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    site. Website Policies and Important Links Search capabilities provided by DOEOSTI Deep Web Technologies Source Status Additional Results Available There are more results...

  15. Instruction Guide Shopping Using the Product Keyword Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheremet, Alexandru

    powerful search engine. Start with by entering an item into the search field and follow the steps outlined the Home/Shop tab at the top to start your search 3. To start searching for an item, enter the item in the search field ­ include specific search terms, such as "latex-free gloves" instead of just "gloves

  16. Keywords Climate Stewardship (IBTrACS) Project Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kossin, James P.

    was developed by NOAA's National Climatic Data Center under the auspices of the World Data Center.H. Levinson (), K.R. Knapp, H. J. Diamond, and J.P. Kossin NOAA National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC Cyclones and Climate Change, DOI 10.1007/978-90-481-3109-9_26, © Springer Science + Business Media B

  17. This video will explain how to do Advanced Keyword Searching.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capogna, Luca

    , AND and AND NOT) to execute this search. By placing an OR between search terms, you will find records containing any one or both of the terms. This will broaden your search considerably. #12;So, if you use connectors to combine the two search statements. If you enter the search as (heart or cardiac or cardio

  18. Instruction Guide Shopping Using the Product Keyword Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    and add them to your cart. The Product Search is a very powerful search engine. Start with by entering in the flyout menu. 3. To start searching for an item, enter the item in the search field. Include specific search terms, such as "latex-free gloves" instead of just "gloves". The system is flexible with search

  19. Property:OpenEI/Tool/Keyword | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLCALLETE Inc dEA EIS ReportNumberOfUnits Jump

  20. Proposed Plan for the R-Area Bingham Pump Outage Pits (643-8G, -9G, -10G) and R-Area Unknown Pits No.1, No.2, No.3 (RUNK-1, -2, -3)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mundy, S.

    2002-07-31

    The purpose of this proposed plan is to describe the preferred remedial alternative for the R-Area Bingham Pump Outage Pits (R BPOPs) and the R-Area Unknowns (RUNKs) operable unit (OU) and to provide for public involvement in the decision-making process.

  1. Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

    2009-01-01

    fuel consumption and of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fromand N 2 O are the major greenhouse gases produced in soils,O is the most important greenhouse gas that is emitted from

  2. Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

    2009-01-01

    Cameron KC. Nitrous oxide emissions from two dairy pastureand land use on N 2 O emissions from an imperfectly drainedoptions for N 2 O emissions from differently managed

  3. Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable Energy Resources Program (RERP) promotes the development of renewable energy in Illinois. This program is funded by the Renewable Energy Resources Trust Fund (RERTF)-- the state's...

  4. BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: What is Biogas?

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Sparks HS in Sparks, NV, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge...

  5. Natural Gas Quality Biogas | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(Million Cubicthrough 1996) inNatural

  6. Biogas Direct LCC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpowerBiocar JumpSued GmbHBiogal CentroLCC

  7. Biogas Energia Ambiental SA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpowerBiocar JumpSued GmbHBiogal

  8. Biogas Technology Group Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpowerBiocar JumpSued GmbHBiogalGmbH Jump

  9. German Biogas Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEniaElectric Jump to:Ger te undAssociation Jump to:

  10. Biogas Production Technologies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Researchof Energy|Make Fuels andfor4GerardUSMarkets and

  11. Evaluation of low cost cathode materials for treatment of industrial and food processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    performance in terms of biogas production, current density, and TCOD removal. Overall, the wastewater compo higher biogas production rates (0.8e1.8 m3 /m3 -d), and COD removal rates (1.8e2.8 kg-COD/m3 -d) than Accepted 20 November 2012 Available online 20 December 2012 Keywords: MEC Energy recovery Methanol

  12. Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudela, Raphael M.

    range of feedstocks for the production of biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethane and biohydrogen. Biodiesel production systems using microalgae. Keywords Algae . Carbon sequestration . Biofuel . Biogas . Biohydrogen . Biomethane . Bioreactor. Lipid . Oil . Raceway pond . Triacylglycerides . Review Abbreviations BTL biomass

  13. STAFF DRAFT GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commission's system for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, certificates, certification, conduit hydroelectric, digester gas, electrolysis, ocean wave, photovoltaic, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement, Qualified Reporting Entity

  14. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBio Centers Announcementand Fuel Cells Workshop, Golden,

  15. Robust strategies in an evolving unknown environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combettes, Patrick Louis

    , S contains the prices of gaz, oil, coal, wind energy... You are not influencing the evolution of these prices ressources, S contains the prices of gaz, oil, coal, wind energy... You are not influencing the evolution(s,j) is increasing in |s -j|. 4) You sell a few products online, and need to decide products and prices for your

  16. Reconstructing MEG Sources with Unknown Correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahani, Maneesh

    ) is a non-invasive technique for detecting and characterising these magnetic fields. MEG sensors use super-conducting

  17. DBSCAN 2D Tutorial Unknown Author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    . from GammaCAP import SimTools # The simulation package from GammaCAP import Stats # The statistics package which contains DBSCAN # Here is where you should specify the path to the Fermi Diffuse Model in the primary paper. In [3]: plt.figure(0,figsize=(12,3)) def GenHist(x, xlab,ylab,sp,label=''): plt.subplot(1

  18. Interval Analysis for Unknown Dependencies and Genetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Power Systems Engineering Research Center Cornell University 428 Phillips Hall Ithaca, New York 14853 given to MidAmerican Energy for its support of this project. Thanks are also given to our industry advisors: · O. Dale Stevens, II, MidAmerican Energy Co. · John Thomas Chatelain, MidAmerican Energy Co. #12

  19. Learning Unknown Event Models Matthew Molineaux1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Kalyan Moy

    , which describes how the environment changes. We relax the completeness assumption; events occur in our an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) that detects an unexpected underwater oil plume for which it has no model of assumptions about the initial state. DISCOVERHISTOR

  20. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    facilities that generate or process large amounts of organic waste, including large biofuel production facilities (biorefineries). june2012biogasworkshopreport.pdf More...

  1. Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News Publications TraditionalWith Propane Florida Schools FirstIdleof EVUse

  2. EnviTec Biogas AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to: navigation,Entsorgung

  3. EnviTec Biogas India Private Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to: navigation,EntsorgungPrivate Limited

  4. Envio Biogas GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA Jump to: navigation,EntsorgungPrivate

  5. Bio Energy Biogas GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpower SrlHydroelectric Power Corp

  6. Biogas Nord GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to:Greece:BajoBelpowerBiocar JumpSued GmbHBiogalGmbH Jump to:

  7. Hese Biogas GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen River PowerHeckert BXTHengyuan

  8. S R Biogas Energiesysteme AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,EnergyEastCarbon Development | Open

  9. US Energy Biogas Corp prev ZAPCO | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company) Jump to:TucsonLLC

  10. City of Tulare Renewable Biogas Fuel Cell Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|Programs |Chart of breakoutCincinnatiMadison

  11. Air Liquide - Biogas & Fuel Cells | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Research at NRELDepartment ofEnergy 1 DOE Hydrogendrought in

  12. Biogas Impurities and Cleanup for Fuel Cells | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Researchof Energy|Make Fuels andfor4GerardUS

  13. Biogas Markets and Federal Policy | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Researchof Energy|Make Fuels andfor4GerardUSMarkets and Federal

  14. Biogas Technologies and Integration with Fuel Cells | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Researchof Energy|Make Fuels andfor4GerardUSMarkets

  15. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Agenda | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Researchof Energy|Make Fuels andfor4GerardUSMarketsand Fuel

  16. Renewable Hydrogen Potential from Biogas in the United States

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners *ReindustrializationEnergyWind Energy Wind Energy

  17. Bio-Gas Technologies, LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformationBio-Gas Technologies, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name:

  18. BioGas Energy Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental JumpInformationBio-Gas Technologies, LLC Jump to:BioGas Energy Inc Jump to:

  19. Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXAGemini Solar Development Company Jump to:Energy

  20. Biogas, Solar and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLC |Energy Advisor the9th-12thDepartment ofIndustrial

  1. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power, IncBio Centers Announcementand Fuel Cells Workshop,

  2. Inverting the Point Process Model for Fast Phonetic Keyword Search Keith Kintzley1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on 163 hours of audio (nearly 150,000,000x real-time). However, achieving this search speed requires evaluation provides some insight. This system recorded an average query time of 0.0041 sec per hour of speech (878,000x real-time) and an index size of 0.327 MB per hour of speech. However, these numbers do

  3. SealScope Project Keywords: Seal quality, statistical process control, control chart, quality control, packaging.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jesse

    control, packaging. Settings of the project: For many packaged products, especially in the food industry of consumption. Shelf-life depends on the initial quality of the product before packaging and the eventual loss is the quality of the packaging. The most important characteristics of the packaging with respect to optimal

  4. The importance of tidal creek ecosystems Keywords: Estuary; Tidal creek; Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallin, Michael

    . They are most abundant along the Atlantic Seaboard from New Jersey to Florida, and along the Gulf Coast). Tidal creeks are especially abundant in low-energy systems such as protected areas behind barrier. As an example, the four southernmost coastal counties in North Carolina (Onslow, Pender, New Hanover

  5. A Cloud Speaker Authentication System Based on Keyword Verification and Speaker Verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Speech Processing (ROCLING 2013) 226 #12;Precision Recall Android Windows 7 (MySQL) Linux Fedora

  6. KEYRY: A Keyword-Based Search Engine over Relational Databases Based on a Hidden Markov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velegrakis, Yannis

    .title SELECT * FROM movie JOIN actor ON ... Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Sigourney Weaver, ... Fig. 1. KEYRY

  7. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUDIO, SPEECH AND LANGUAGE PROCESSING 1 Keyword Extraction and Clustering for Document

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as `chocolate', `pistol', or `lighter'. What would then be the most helpful 3­5 Wikipedia pages to recommend

  8. From Key Numbers to Keywords: How Automation Has Transformed the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2002-01-01

    HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 563 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 564 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 565 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 566 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 567 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 568 2002 Hein...Online -- 94 Law Libr. J. 569 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 570 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 571 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 572 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 573 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 574 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J...

  9. Keywords: Congestion Control, Congestion Notification, FECN, enhanced FECN, BCN, and DCN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Raj

    control has traditionally been handled at the transport (TCP) layer [15]. TCP NewReno, TCP SACK, and TCP Vegas for wired networks, I-TCP, MTCP and Freeze TCP for wireless networks, TCP-F, ELFN, and ATCP for ad developed that control all traffic regardless of the transport (or even network) protocol. Datacenter

  10. Keyword for classification: Agent-Based Modelling and Simulation, Retail Productivity, Management Practices, Shopping Behavior.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    for Organisational Strategy, Learning & Change, Leeds University Business School University of Leeds Leeds, LS2 9JT UK Email: h.celia@leeds.ac.uk; c.w.clegg@leeds.ac.uk #12;2 MULTI-AGENT SIMULATION AND MANAGEMENT for Modelling the Impact of Management Practices As a result of a literature review we have undertaken (Siebers

  11. The Potential for Renewable Energy Sources in Ausilio Bauen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ............................................................................................................... 15 Biogas............................................................................................................... 23 Liquefied Bio-methane

  12. Predictive Entropy Search for Bayesian Optimization with Unknown Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernández-Lobato, José Miguel; Gelbart, Michael A.; Hoffman, Matthew W.; Adams, Ryan P.; Ghahramani, Zoubin

    2015-06-01

    package1, and the prediction time is computed as the average time of 1000 predictions, each for a batch of size 128. The net- work is trained on the MNIST digit classification task with 1https://github.com/nitishsrivastava/deepnet momentum-based stochastic... gradient descent for 5000 iter- ations. The objective is reported as the classification error rate on the validation set. As above, we treat constraint violations as the worst possible value (in this case a classi- fication error of 1.0). Figure 3(a) shows...

  13. How do Humans Determine Reflectance Properties under Unknown Illumination?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Variations in Lighting: Psychophysics & Computation. Colocated with CVPR 2001. Kauai, Hawaii, December 2001

  14. Robotic Searching for Stationary, Unknown and Transient Radio Sources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Chang Young

    2012-07-16

    of the transient target localization problem such as Single Robot Single Target (SRST), Multiple Robots Single Target (MRST), Single Robot Multiple Targets (SRMT) and Multiple Robots Multiple Targets (MRMT). We propose the expected searching time (EST) as a primary...

  15. Microbes in Thawing Permafrost: The Unknown Variable in the Climate...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    has been continuously frozen for at least 2 years), our understanding of the diversity of microbial life in this extreme habitat is surprisingly limited. Taking into account the...

  16. Microbes in thawing permafrost: the unknown variable in the climate...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    and Biological Problems in Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute Bob L ORNL Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine...

  17. Methods for characterizing, classifying, and identifying unknowns in samples

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grate, Jay W.; Wise, Barry M.

    2003-08-12

    Disclosed is a method for taking the data generated from an array of responses from a multichannel instrument, and determining the characteristics of a chemical in the sample without the necessity of calibrating or training the instrument with known samples containing the same chemical. The characteristics determined by the method are then used to classify and identify the chemical in the sample. The method can also be used to quantify the concentration of the chemical in the sample.

  18. Methods for characterizing, classifying, and identifying unknowns in samples

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grate, Jay W [West Richland, WA; Wise, Barry M [Manson, WA

    2002-01-01

    Disclosed is a method for taking the data generated from an array of responses from a multichannel instrument, and determining the characteristics of a chemical in the sample without the necessity of calibrating or training the instrument with known samples containing the same chemical. The characteristics determined by the method are then used to classify and identify the chemical in the sample. The method can also be used to quantify the concentration of the chemical in the sample.

  19. Syllables and the M Language : improving unknown word guessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacokes, M. Brian (Michael Brian)

    2008-01-01

    Despite the huge amount of computer data that exists today, the task of sharing information between organizations is still tackled largely on a case-by-case basis. The M Language is a data language that improves data sharing ...

  20. Towards Predictable Precision Manipulation of Unknown Objects with Underactuated Fingers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    , precision manipulation, kinematic analysis 1 Introduction The ability to use the fingers to manipulate- vated by a study of parallel mechanisms. Inspired by the end-effector motion and system reconfiguration the manipulation planning problem. Although mechanical design of robotic hands has largely focused

  1. Complete and Fast Unknown Tag Identification in Large RFID Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Bin

    applications such as ware- house management, object tracking, and inventory control. In these applications, active or passive RFID tags are attached to objects (e.g., persons and products). Every tag has an unique

  2. Property:Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo,AltFuelVehicle2FlatDemandMonth3 Jump to: navigation, searchPhone Jump to:Plants with

  3. Discovering a previously unknown mechanism that halts solar eruptions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HAB PacketDiesel pricesCenter atDirectory Searchablebefore they blast

  4. Discovering a previously unknown mechanism that halts solar eruptions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find what you wereDisclaimers Welcome tobefore they blast into

  5. The Implications of Global Climate Change for Mountain Gorilla Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    saving stoves (and biogas, pressure pots, solar cookingstoves and alternatives (biogas, pressure pots, and solar

  6. Waste Growth Challenges Local Democracy. The Politics of Waste between Europe and the Mediterranean: a Focus on Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mengozzi, Alessandro

    2010-01-01

    option (obviously with biogas recovery) although producingdegrees of improvement (e.g. biogas recovery, pretreatment

  7. Climate Change Action in Arizona

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Steve

    2009-01-01

    requirement, including biogas and biomass electricityen- ergy resources (defined as biogas, biomass, geothermal,

  8. Assessments of biofuel sustainability: air pollution and health impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsao, Chi-Chung

    2012-01-01

    such as biodiesel, ethanol, biogas, menthanol, and bio-biodiesel, ethanol, biogas, biomenthanol, bio-dimethylether,

  9. DRAFT 7/11/12 2012 State Fair 4-H Energy Robotics Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    and gaseous biogas products. The biogas can be used to power generators, making methane digesters especially

  10. VANDERBILTSENIOR DESIGN PROJECTS SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ..............................................................................................9 Biogas to Electricity Conversion.................................................10 Design of Scalable Biogas Digester for the Developing World

  11. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A (2013) 48, 319330 Copyright C Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Michael F.

    2013-01-01

    polishing by a channelized macrophyte- dominated wetland and anaerobic digestion of the harvested phytomass. In mixed vertical-flow reactors anaerobic co-digestion of equal dry weight proportions of harvested aquatic treatment processes. Keywords: Anaerobic co-digestion, aquatic weeds, biofuel, biogas, constructed wetland

  12. Dynamic estimation of specific growth rates and concentrations of bacteria for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -digestion of several wastes (manure, sewage sludge and wastes from food processing industry) is another environmentally ­ the dilution rate and the flow rates of methane and carbon dioxide in the biogas. The estimation schemes thus. Keywords: Waste treatment, Biotechnology, Observer, Estimation theory, Algebraic systems theory 1

  13. Laboratory or Service Center Name Web Presence or Contact Details Keywords Agri-genomics Laboratory http://agl.tamu.edu/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermúdez, José Luis

    Biomolecular NMR Laboratory http://biobionmr.tamu.edu/ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biology, Biophysics http://www.humandimensionslab.org/ Human, Relationship, Natural Resources, Conservation Knowledge Engineering Laboratory http://kelab.tamu.edu/ Environmental Science, Environmental Management, Landscape

  14. 24CSI Communications J U L Y 2 0 0 5 Keywords: Sensors, Sensor Networks, Grid computing,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    , Grid computing, SensorML, SensorWeb. 1. Introduction Recent advances in electronic circuit miniaturization and micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) have led to the creation of small sensor nodes which in the technology landscape is grid computing, which is essentially the federation of heterogeneous computational

  15. A hybrid keyword and patent class methodology for selecting relevant sets of patents for a technological field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Christopher L.

    This paper presents a relatively simple, objective and repeatable method for selecting sets of patents that are representative of a specific technological domain. The methodology consists of using search terms to locate ...

  16. 24CSI Communications J U L Y 2 0 0 5 Keywords: Sensors, Sensor Networks, Grid computing,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melbourne, University of

    miniaturization and micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) have led to the creation of small sensor nodes which include environment monitoring with prediction and early warning of natural disasters, and missile. This powerful combination would enable, for example, effective early warning of natural disasters

  17. Description: Start | Grid View | Browse by Day OR Group/Topical | Author Index | Keyword Index | Personal Scheduler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilchrist, James F.

    Knowlton (172b) COAL Direct Chemical Looping Process: Metallurigical Coke and PRB COAL Conversions L. - S

  18. Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop, Golden, Colorado, June 11-13, 2012

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Researchof Energy|Make Fuels andfor4GerardUSMarketsand

  19. No such thing as society : : art and the crisis of the European welfare state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lookofsky, Sarah Elsie

    2009-01-01

    context. Besides the mobile biogas system, Superflex hasa lamp, a radio station and a biogas production unit. Almostof this fact, Supergas, the biogas unit, bares striking

  20. Investigation of the Effect of In-Situ Catalyst on the Steam Hydrogasification of Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FAN, XIN

    2012-01-01

    derived from biomass, including biogas, biodiesel, ethanol,in the absence of oxygen environment to produce biogas.The biogas generated from anaerobic digestion of biosolids

  1. How Can China Lighten Up? Urbanization, Industrialization and Energy Demand Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aden, Nathaniel T.

    2010-01-01

    as firewood, stalks and biogas continues to dominate ruralwith notable growth in biogas and stalks consumption (Consumption Firewood Stalks Biogas kgce per capita Source:

  2. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    manure- biodigesters (biogas). Biomethane has similargasolines and diesels, biogas, synthetic natural gas,in landfill gas Methane in biogas from waste-water treatment

  3. Actual trends of decentralized CHP integration -- The Californian investment subsidy system and its implication for the energy efficiency directive (Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWK Technologie Integration -- Das kalifornische Fordermodell und dessen Implikation fur die Endenergieeffizienzrichtlinie)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris

    2008-01-01

    Treibstoffe kommen Erdgas, Biogas, Klärgas, Deponiegas,zum Teil verunreinigtem Biogas (Stadler et al. , 2006). Diekönnen mit Erdgas, Biogas oder Benzin betrieben werden.

  4. Land Use Planning to Promote Marine Conservation of Coral reef Ecosystems in Moorea, French Polynesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timothy Duane

    2006-01-01

    Waste into Resource Anaerobic biogas tank Anaerobic pondsor tanks can capture biogas resulting from the degradationprocess. Biogas is produced in many countries for cook-

  5. Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Lenny

    2008-01-01

    A.T, 2001: Prospects for biogas harvesting at Sungunn WongseRenewables Biomass, Biogas, PV, Wind turbines, Hydropowermill, fluidized bed kiln Biogas, Biomass Cullet preheating

  6. International Best Practices for Pre-Processing and Co-Processing Municipal Solid Waste and Sewage Sludge in the Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Sludge treatment to increase biogas production. Available atal. , no date) Use of biogas from anaerobic sludge digestionsludge are mass reduction, biogas production, and improved

  7. The soil organic matter dynamic by using different compost organic manure in a vegetable system in North China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Qinping; Li, Jijin; Liu, Bensheng; Zou, Guoyuan; Liu, Baocun

    2009-01-01

    to cattle manure compost and biogas residue compost. Higherafter crop harvest in biogas residue compost treatment.2) cattle compost, 3) biogas residue, 4) control, no

  8. PROJECTS FROM FEDERAL REGION IX DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PART II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, C.W.

    2012-01-01

    B - Revised Description of: Biogas Energy for Hawaiian Smallprojected. Also, the low pressure biogas requires additional5000 - 5500 cubic feet of biogas (60% methane) daily may be

  9. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01

    gasolines and diesels, biogas, synthetic natural gas,manure- biodigesters (biogas). Biomethane has similarin landfill gas Methane in biogas from waste-water treatment

  10. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    biomass, hydro power and biogas. Other options with vastTechnologies addressed Wind, biogas All technologies (exceptelectricity, Biomass, Biogas, Landfill gas, Sewage gas,

  11. Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01

    Ag/Forestry Residues Biogas from org effluent Municipalmil m2 Mtce Mt consumption Biogas and Biomass GasificationBesides solar water heaters, biogas is another alternative

  12. PROJECTS FROM FEDERAL REGION IX DOE APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PILOT PROGRAM - PART I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, C.W.

    2011-01-01

    welded together like sewer pipe. Biogas production from theintends to convert the biogas into electricity. The wasteproduce 7.6 million Btu of biogas annually. This estimate

  13. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    technologies Agricultural household biogas digesters (6-10m ) Large-scale biogas digesters Biomass gasifiersAgricultural household biogas digesters Large and medium-

  14. Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

    2010-01-01

    other cleaner burning fuels (biogas or LPG) for cooking andstove with improved stove or biogas can be suggested, if thegaseous-burning-fuel stove (biogas, liquefied petroleum gas,

  15. Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernadett, Lauren

    2013-01-01

    offset credits for installing “a biogas control system thatemissions by installing biogas control systems (BCS), whichin exchange for installing biogas control systems (BCS), a

  16. Water, Neighborhoods and Urban Design: Micro-Utilities and the Fifth Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmer, Vicki; Fraker, Harrison

    2011-01-01

    production of energy through biogas and methane production,mixed with food scraps for biogas production while urine isthird converts sludge to biogas for cooking (1000 units) and

  17. Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Open Automated Demand Response in Wastewater Treatment Facilities in California -- Phase I Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    A byproduct of this process is biogas which contains 50– 70%Partners LLC 2007). This biogas can be used to generate heatmethane fermentation and biogas recovery (Green 1995).

  18. Maximizing Power Output in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines and Enabling Effective Control of Combustion Timing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxena, Samveg

    2011-01-01

    Experimental study of biogas combustion characteristics andthe operation range of a biogas HCCI engine for powerOperating Conditions in a Biogas Fueled HCCI Engine for

  19. Developing Information on Energy Savings and Associated Costs and Benefits of Energy Efficient Emerging Technologies Applicable in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tengfang

    2011-01-01

    picked bacteria for better biogas generation in wastewaterImprove bacteria mix for biogas Solar power dish enginesmixers, bacteria mix for biogas generation, solar power dish

  20. Sustainable use of California biomass resources can help meet state and national bioenergy targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jenkins, Bryan M; Williams, Robert B; Gildart, Martha C; Kaffka, Stephen R.; Hartsough, Bruce; Dempster, Peter G

    2009-01-01

    waste in landfills, or biogas from municipal wastewaterheat for industrial uses. Biogas potential from landfills,Bio]gas-to-liquids (GTL) Gas Biogas Biomethane Compressed

  1. China Energy Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2010-01-01

    resources 16 . Historically, biogas has been used since 1920the government considered biogas production an effective andof small hydropower, biogas, and small wind turbines to

  2. Microalgae Cultivation using Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiley, Patrick Edward

    2013-01-01

    of biodiesel and biogas from algae: A review of processof Biodiesel and Biogas from Algae: A Review of Processof biodiesel and biogas from algae: A review of process

  3. International Best Practices for Pre-Processing and Co-Processing Municipal Solid Waste and Sewage Sludge in the Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasanbeigi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    no date) Use of biogas from anaerobic sludge digestion for2010). The biogas produced by sludge anaerobic digestion canThickener Sludge pretreatment Biogas Digester Residual

  4. Developing Information on Energy Savings and Associated Costs and Benefits of Energy Efficient Emerging Technologies Applicable in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tengfang

    2011-01-01

    are run on digested sludge biogas this could reduce energymix to enhance biogas generation in sludge generation,better biogas generation in wastewater sludge digestion .

  5. Conference program and abstracts. International Biogeography Society 6th Biennial Meeting – 9-13 January 2013, Miami, Florida, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    in Mexico. Keywords: spatial ecology, migration, hotspots,Mexico. Information for this species showed an incomplete genetic structure, unknown origin and controversial migration

  6. DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, J.

    2010-01-01

    PLANTATIONS FIGURE 2 BIOGAS PROCESS TL'BIOGAS _ANAERQBICf o r Other Data Bases >BIOGAS/TI,DE,ID BIO(W)GAS/TI,DE,IDSEARCHES Methane (or Biogas) Production from Agricultural

  7. Dipl.-Chem. Marcus Franke Raum: AS 004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossak, Wilhelm R.

    Rohstoffen (Biodiesel, Biogas) ­ kavitationsgestützte Biodieselsynthese und Biomassedesintegration Aktuelle

  8. Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2011-01-01

    emissions are allocated to that sector accordingly. Biogas.The majority of biogas consumed in China is from rural

  9. DOE Joint Genome Institute 2008 Progress Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, David

    2009-01-01

    digestion, could produce biogas—primarily methane and carbongasoline per day. When biogas is cleaned of its particulates

  10. Structure and dynamics of the microbial communities underlying the carboxylate platform for biofuel production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollister, E.B.

    2012-01-01

    community analysis of a biogas-producing completely stirredwaste into acids, alcohols, biogas, and hydrogen (5, 16, 25,

  11. Clean Development Mechanism agricultural methodologies could help California to achieve AB 32 goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dinar, Ariel; Larson, Donald F; Frisbie, J. Aapris

    2012-01-01

    transformed by bacteria into biogas, which powers an engineDescription ACM003† Biogas from manure or composting ACM006‡

  12. How Wood Chip Size Affects Pretreatment Effectiveness of Woody Biomass for Biological Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Jerry

    2013-01-01

    Wastes to Improve Ethanol and Biogas Production: A Review.to improve ethanol and biogas production: a review. Int. J.

  13. Optimal Real-time Dispatch for Integrated Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Ryan Michael

    2007-01-01

    gas, propane or bio-gas methane (Otto engines). Dieselpropane- or biogas-fueled gas turbines, reciprocating engines,

  14. Clean energy funds: An overview of state support for renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan; Milford, Lew; Stoddard, Michael; Porter, Kevin

    2001-01-01

    or food wastes, energy crops, biogas, biodiesel, or organicor food wastes, energy crops, biogas, biodiesel, or organic

  15. A model of anaerobic digestion for biogas production using Abel equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Primitivo B. Acosta-Humánez; Maximiliano Machado-Higuera; Alexander V. Sinitsyn

    2014-11-27

    We consider a nonlinear mathematical model for the study of anaerobic digestion processes. We decompose the original system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations into subsystems. For these subsystems we prove existence of lower and upper solutions in reverse order for one of the va\\-ria\\-bles. The upper and lower solutions are constructed in analytical form. Furthermore, the upper solutions of subsystem for feeding bacteria are related with solutions of Abel equations of the first kind. Using numerical and theoretical arguments we examine how to obtain upper and lower solutions approximated to the numerical solution of the system. In this work we establish special techniques of lower-upper solution, which includes reverse order for non monotone systems, in contrast to the techniques used by H.L. Smith and P. Waltman on their monograph.

  16. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01

    Envtl. Prot. Agency, Anaerobic Digester Database, AGS-rAR,digesters" or "anaerobic digesters," are being promoted bythe process for adopting anaerobic digesters by the United

  17. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01

    Potential for Environmental Benefits and Renewable Energyonly help generate renewable energy, but provide new incomeand Wisconsin Focus on Renewable Energy Program, have also

  18. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01

    Potential for Environmental Benefits and Renewable EnergyEnvironmental Benefits and Renewable Energy Production One

  19. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01

    and storage tanks, where it results in emission of air pollutants-nitrous oxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia,

  20. Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Camillo, Nicole G.

    2011-01-01

    substantially contribute to water pollution. 1 27 This meansof Feedlot Waste on Water Pollution Under the Na- tionalAct, cognizant of the water pollution problems stemming from

  1. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With their clean and quiet operation, fuel cells represent a promising means of implementing small-scale distributed power generation in the future. Waste heat from the fuel cell can be harnessed...

  2. City of Tulare Renewable Biogas Fuel Cell Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12Power,5 BUDGETU SStateAnnounceofEconomyAlexandria'sDepartment

  3. O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI VenturesNewSt. Louis, Minnesota:Nulato,Nyack, New York: EnergyGen UK

  4. One Year Down the Road of Biogas Industry Development | Department of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeeding access toOctober 1996Technologies / OmbudsmanOne VaccineRyanJimmyOne

  5. State Level Incentives for Biogas-Fuel Cell Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo.Hydrogen4EnergySolidof2StandardFOA2-002 StateIncentives forLevel

  6. Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Researchof Energy|Make Fuels andfor4GerardUS Departmentfor

  7. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power - Fact

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOEDepartmentNew JerseyEnergybenefits of61075 LisaLaboratory,

  8. Novel Sorbent to Clean Biogas for Fuel Cell Combined Heat and Power Systems

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i nAand DOEDepartmentNew JerseyEnergybenefits of61075 LisaLaboratory,Gökhan

  9. B A S Biogas Anlagen Systeme GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex AAustria Geothermal RegionAvraPáginasSolar JumpPower IndiaB A

  10. ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen Anhalt GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data bookresult9) JumpMultipleSprings Logo:

  11. Expanding the Use of Biogas with Fuel Cell Technologies | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12, 2015Executive Order 13514 Federal Leadership inExelonEnergy

  12. High Temperature Fuel Cell Tri-Generation of Power, Heat & H2 from Biogas |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing ProgramsDepartment of¡High HIGHof Energy

  13. Biogas Potential in the United States (Fact Sheet), Energy Analysis, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageBlender PumpVehiclesThe Heat Is onis a domesticallyEnergy

  14. Dialogue, equality and trust are keywords in our relations with our employees and all our collaboration partners www.risoe.dk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , that the increased power production from the main wing is exactly balanced by the power consumption of the flow out on wind turbine rotors using simple vortex tube analysis · Free wake lifting line (FWLL) analysis XI & XX meeting June 14.th 2007: Can winglets increase Cp? Why try putting winglets on wind turbines

  15. Dialogue, equality and trust are keywords in our relations with our employees and all our collaboration partners www.risoe.dk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storage SOFC power plant Surplus wind used for hydrogen production Transport =0,85 =0,88 =0,55 =0,35 =0 wind power if the wind turbines are grid connected ? Can you guide "surplus" wind power electrons.Karlsson@risoe.dk Balancing Energy Systems of Fluctuating Nature Electricity from wind Nordic Energy System Hydro inflow

  16. Start | Grid View | Browse by Day OR Group/Topical | Author Index | Keyword Index | Personal Scheduler Optimal Design of Energy-Efficient Integrated Distillation Processes for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    , Applied Cybernetics, Trondheim, Norway, 2Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, Igor Dejanovic University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands Abstract for AIChE Annual Meeting 2011, separations division

  17. Start | Grid View | Browse by Day OR Group/Topical | Author Index | Keyword Index | Personal Scheduler Controlled Variables Selection for a Gas-to-Liquids Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skogestad, Sigurd

    for converting natural gas to economical, clean and high quality liquid fuels. A GTL plant has 3 main parts (i. Nominally, the optimal ratios of oxygen and water to hydrocarbons (fresh natural gas and recycle of natural gas is also a degree of freedom and it is tried to maximize the variable income of the plant

  18. A comparative study of retrieval effectiveness from a scientific document database with computer-generated indexing and manually generated keyword-based indexing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishra, Jayanta Kumar

    1999-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a full text indexing and retrieval system for a scientific document database. The secondary objective was to assess the completeness of the manual indexes that are already...

  19. Regression analysis with missing data and unknown colored noise: application to the MICROSCOPE space mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baghi, Q; Bergé, J; Christophe, B; Touboul, P; Rodrigues, M

    2015-01-01

    The analysis of physical measurements often copes with highly correlated noises and interruptions caused by outliers, saturation events or transmission losses. We assess the impact of missing data on the performance of linear regression analysis involving the fit of modeled or measured time series. We show that data gaps can significantly alter the precision of the regression parameter estimation in the presence of colored noise, due to the frequency leakage of the noise power. We present a regression method which cancels this effect and estimates the parameters of interest with a precision comparable to the complete data case, even if the noise power spectral density (PSD) is not known a priori. The method is based on an autoregressive (AR) fit of the noise, which allows us to build an approximate generalized least squares estimator approaching the minimal variance bound. The method, which can be applied to any similar data processing, is tested on simulated measurements of the MICROSCOPE space mission, whos...

  20. Regression analysis with missing data and unknown colored noise: application to the MICROSCOPE space mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Q. Baghi; G. Métris; J. Bergé; B. Christophe; P. Touboul; M. Rodrigues

    2015-03-04

    The analysis of physical measurements often copes with highly correlated noises and interruptions caused by outliers, saturation events or transmission losses. We assess the impact of missing data on the performance of linear regression analysis involving the fit of modeled or measured time series. We show that data gaps can significantly alter the precision of the regression parameter estimation in the presence of colored noise, due to the frequency leakage of the noise power. We present a regression method which cancels this effect and estimates the parameters of interest with a precision comparable to the complete data case, even if the noise power spectral density (PSD) is not known a priori. The method is based on an autoregressive (AR) fit of the noise, which allows us to build an approximate generalized least squares estimator approaching the minimal variance bound. The method, which can be applied to any similar data processing, is tested on simulated measurements of the MICROSCOPE space mission, whose goal is to test the Weak Equivalence Principle (WEP) with a precision of $10^{-15}$. In this particular context the signal of interest is the WEP violation signal expected to be found around a well defined frequency. We test our method with different gap patterns and noise of known PSD and find that the results agree with the mission requirements, decreasing the uncertainty by a factor 60 with respect to ordinary least squares methods. We show that it also provides a test of significance to assess the uncertainty of the measurement.

  1. Regression Analysis with an Unknown Link Function: the Adjoint Projection Pursuit Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naihua Duan

    2011-01-01

    Misspecified Non- linear Regression Models," Journal of theAdjoint Projection Pursuit Regression also give examples inL is the estimated linear regression of x on bx. Note Remark

  2. "Open Sesame!" Adaptive Force/Velocity Control for Opening Unknown Doors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kragic, Danica

    that is effective for stiff industrial robots. The uncertainties in the manipulation of these kinematic mechanisms of the door or the drawer: door's inertia, dynamics of the hinge mechanism etc., and (b) kinematic with the dynamics and kinematics of a door must be dealt with to achieve successful opening. This paper proposes

  3. ACTIVE VISION FOR NAVIGATING UNKNOWN ENVIRONMENTS: AN EVOLUTIONARY ROBOTICS APPROACH FOR SPACE RESEARCH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cangelosi, Angelo

    , below the solar panel in front. Another pair is looking backward, below the solar panel in the back future, autonomous robots are expected to be the principal actors in the exploration of Solar System of the time. Nowadays, the time delay that affects the communication between the Earth and other Solar System

  4. Optimal Alphabet Partitioning for Semi-Adaptive Coding of Sources of Unknown Sparse Distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Yi-Jen

    -adaptive Hu#11;man code #3; dchen01@utopia.poly.edu. Research supported by NSF Grant ACI-0118915. y yjc and use a product code architecture where a symbol is identi#12;ed by a set number and then by the element

  5. Improved Fast Replanning for Robot Navigation in Unknown Terrain Sven Koenig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    often operate in domains that are only incom- pletely known, for example, when they have to move from Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30312-0280 skoenig@cc.gatech.edu Maxim Likhachev School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 maxim+@cs.cmu.edu Abstract Mobile robots

  6. Improved Fast Replanning for Robot Navigation in Unknown Terrain Sven Koenig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mobile robots often operate in domains that are only incom­ pletely known, for example, when they have of Computing Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30312­0280 skoenig@cc.gatech.edu Maxim Likhachev School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213 maxim+@cs.cmu.edu Abstract

  7. Robust and Efficient Covering of Unknown Continuous Domains with Simple, Ant-Like

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruckstein, Alfred M.

    want to cover (or clean or search or paint) a connected domain in R2 simple robots having effectors (or that a domain was covered by the (team of) robots if each and every point of the domain was swept by a robot effector. In fact, every time we want to build an automatic machine suitable for applications such as floor

  8. Completing unknown portions of 3D scenes by 3D visual propagation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breckon, Toby P

    As the requirement for more realistic 3D environments is pushed forward by the computer {graphics | movie | simulation | games} industry, attention turns away from the creation of purely synthetic, artist derived environments towards the use of real...

  9. EM, MCMC, and Chain Flipping for Structure from Motion with Unknown Correspondence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sponsoring institutions: SAIC cor­ poration; KIRIN brewery company; SONY corporation; DOT and NHTSA; NSF

  10. Microbes in Thawing Permafrost: The Unknown Variable in the Climate Change Equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, David E; Wallenstein, Matthew D; Vishnivetskaya, T.; Waldrop, Mark P.; Phelps, Tommy Joe; Pfiffner, Susan M.; Onstott, T. C.; Whyte, Lyle; Rivkina, Elizaveta; Gilichinsky, David A; Elias, Dwayne A; Mackelprang, Rachel; Verberkmoes, Nathan C; Hettich, Robert {Bob} L; Wagner, Dirk; Wullschleger, Stan D; Jansson, Janet

    2012-01-01

    Considering that 25% of Earth's terrestrial surface is underlain by permafrost (ground that has been continuously frozen for at least 2 years), our understanding of the diversity of microbial life in this extreme habitat is surprisingly limited. Taking into account the total mass of perennially frozen sediment (up to several hundred meters deep), permafrost contains a huge amount of buried, ancient organic carbon (Tarnocai et al., 2009).

  11. Microbes in thawing permafrost: the unknown variable in the climate change equation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, David E; Wallenstein, Matthew D; Vishnivetskaya, T.; Waldrop, Mark P.; Phelps, Tommy Joe; Pfiffner, Susan M.; Onstott, T. C.; Whyte, Lyle; Rivkina, Elizaveta; Gilichinsky, David A; Elias, Dwayne A; Mackelprang, Rachel; Verberkmoes, Nathan C; Hettich, Robert {Bob} L; Wagner, Dirk; Wullschleger, Stan D; Jansson, Janet

    2012-01-01

    Considering that 25% of Earth s terrestrial surface is underlain by permafrost (ground that has been continuously frozen for at least 2 years), our understanding of the diversity of microbial life in this extreme habitat is surprisingly limited. Taking into account the total mass of perennially frozen sediment (up to several hundred meters deep), permafrost contains a huge amount of buried, ancient organic carbon (Tarnocai et al., 2009). In addition, permafrost is warming rapidly in response to global climate change (Romanovsky et al., 2010), potentially leading to widespread thaw and a larger, seasonally thawed soil active layer. This concern has prompted the question: will permafrost thawing lead to the release of massive amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) into the atmosphere? This question can only be answered by understanding how the microbes residing in permafrost will respond to thaw, through processes such as respiration, fermentation, methanogenesis and CH4 oxidation (Schuur et al., 2009). Predicting future carbon fluxes is complicated by the diversity of permafrost environments, ranging from high mountains, southern boreal forests, frozen peatlands and Pleistocene ice complexes (yedoma) up to several hundred meters deep, which vary widely in soil composition, soil organic matter (SOM) quality, hydrology and thermal regimes (Figure 1). Permafrost degradation can occur in many forms: thaw can progress downward from seasonally-thawed active layer soils in warming climates or laterally because of changes in surface or groundwater flow paths (Grosse et al., 2011). Permafrost degradation can sometimes lead to dramatic changes in ecosystem structure and function

  12. Two-color X-rays Give Scientists 3-D View of the Unknown | U...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    to researchers at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory's Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). They incorporated a series of advances to hit samples with a pair of precisely tuned...

  13. Unknown Word Extraction from Multilingual Code-Switching Department of Information Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) i j i j i j i j i j P w w C w w N PMI w w P w P w C w C w = = i (1) ( , )i jC w w iw jw N Google ( , )i jC w w ( )iC w ( )jC w N 1012 (N PMI ) PMI PMI () Entropy (Entropy " "" Google 999 " " 212 58 " 336 "" entropy 1( ) { ,..., }t nRC w = w w wt (right context) wt wt

  14. A LEARNING ALGORITHM FOR COMMUNICATING MARKOV DECISION PROCESSES WITH UNKNOWN TRANSITION MATRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yasuda, Masami

    of Informatics and Cybernetics Research Association of Statistical Sciences,Vol.39 - r - r- FUKUOKA, JAPAN 2007 #12;Bulletin of Informatics and Cybernetics, Vol. 39, 2007 A LEARNING ALGORITHM FOR COMMUNICATING Education, Yuge National College of Maritime Technology, Ehime 794-2593 Japan, horiguchi

  15. RECONSTRUCTING THE UNKNOWN LOCAL VOLATILITY FUNCTION THOMAS F. COLEMAN, YUYING LI, AND ARUN VERMA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yuying

    Abstract. Using market European option prices, a method for computing a smooth local volatility function, and pricing exotic options. A spline functional approach is used: the local volatility function is represented. Accuracy of pricing and hedging is also illustrated. Moreover, it is demonstrated that, using different

  16. Set-Membership Identification Based Adaptive Robust Control of Systems With Unknown Parameter Bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    . The estimated parameter variation bounds are subsequently used to construct a continuous-time domain projection Bounds Lu Lu and Bin Yao Abstract-- In this paper, a hybrid control architecture is proposed to obtain non-conservative real-time estimation of the regions where model parameters could actually be

  17. Dynamics of Electricity Markets with Unknown Utility Functions: An Extremum Seeking Control Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas J

    2014-01-01

    E. El-Saadany, “A summary of demand response in electricityS. H. Low, “Optimal demand response: Problem formulation anda year. Recently, demand response is proposed to control the

  18. Calculation Methods for the Heat Release Rate of Materials of Unknown Composition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biteau, Hubert; Steinhaus, Thomas; Simeoni, Albert; Schemel, Christopher; Marlair, Guy; Bal, Nicolas; Torero, Jose L

    The Heat Release Rate (HRR) is a critical parameter to characterise a fire. Different methods have been developed to estimate it. The most widespread techniques are based on mass balance. If the heat of combustion of the ...

  19. Experiment 7. Raman Spectroscopy. Identification of unknown solution Identification of Inorganic Anions in Solution.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarenko, Alexander

    - and SO3 2- , It is worth mentioning that contrary to traditional qualitative analysis, one can instantly distinguish ions with various degree of protonation: HCO3 - and CO3 2- , HSO3 - and SO3 2- , etc. Another from the factor used for algebraic subtraction in step 2. In this case, some compositions (SO3 2

  20. Patchiness and Spatial Distribution of Laccase Genes of Ectomycorrhizal, Saprotrophic, and Unknown Basidiomycetes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in litter-associated polyphenol degradation, but little is known about the diversity and spatial, are involved in decomposition of lignin and phenols [6, 11, 12]. Laccase genes have been detected within- rotrophs [21], and their ability to degrade plant cell wall polymers appears to be limited [6]. Recent

  1. L2-Gain Optimization for Robust Bipedal Walking on Unknown Terrain Hongkai Dai and Russ Tedrake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tedrake, Russ

    control analysis and design methodologies without additional machinery. We attempt to provide that machinery here. In particular, we quantify the robustness of the system to terrain perturbations by defining

  2. Metal-Organic Frameworks Based on Previously Unknown Zr8/Hf Cubic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeatMaRIEdioxide capture | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant

  3. Energy and Air Emission Implications of a Decentralized Wastewater System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shehabi, Arman

    2013-01-01

    represent results when methane biogas that would have beenflaring will convert methane biogas to carbon dioxide, aAgency reports that biogas is used to offset energy use at

  4. The Epidemiology of Schistosomiasis Reinfection and Reemergence in Sichuan, China: Implications for Surveillance and Intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlton, Elizabeth Jean

    2010-01-01

    5. Night soil from non-biogas sources (quartiles) Householdnight soil use, biogas adjusted No YesVillage night soil use, biogas adjusted‡ 6.1 - 25.7 buckets

  5. Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply Chains Using Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Nathan C

    2007-01-01

    Landfill Gas Waste Water Biogas Total 118 BCF/yr 16 BCF/yrConversion Efficiency 60% biogas Comment A conservative25% efficiency in converting to biogas and 60% efficiency in

  6. Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

    2012-01-01

    of solar water heaters, biogas plants and other projects.through black pipes and tanks. Biogas plants (used often foran estimated 50 million biogas plants, funded in part by low

  7. Bio-Economic Analyses of Biofuel-Based Integrated Farm Drainage Management Systems on Marginal Land in a Salinity and Drainage Impacted Region: The Case of California's Central Valley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levers, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    Table 2- 9: West Side biogas bioenergy production potentialconverting to energy via biogas, this has been estimated asare given in Table 2-8 and biogas is given in Table 2-9.

  8. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    metric ton) (b)7.5to 105 Biogas (thousand m3) ** 14 to 17esti- mates, the potential biogas resource is about 82 Mtce,crop wastes (see Table IV-21). Biogas digesters have been

  9. Residential and Transport Energy Use in India: Past Trend and Future Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2009-01-01

    about 3 million family biogas units have been installed,resulting in an estimated biogas consumption of 8PJ in 2005MJ/ca/month converted in biogas with an estimated efficiency

  10. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    House, D.  W.  (2006).  Biogas Handbook.  Alternative House term operation of a  small biogas/diesel dual?fuel engine generation with  biogas in Costa Rica.  Retrieved from 

  11. Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, F.

    2010-01-01

    A significant change i n biogas development is the recentwere supplied w i t h biogas fuel b y large-scale digestoro n y u a n to large-scale biogas digestor plants w h i c h

  12. The role of biomass in California's hydrogen economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Nathan C; Ogden, Joan; Fan, Yueyue

    2009-01-01

    technologies, gasi?cation and biogas reforming. Gasi?cation55% conversion ef?ciency. Biogas, a methane-rich gas, can beanaerobic digestion. Biogas, land?ll gas, and wastewater

  13. Optimizing the Design of Biomass Hydrogen Supply ChainsUsing Real-World Spatial Distributions: A Case Study Using California Rice Straw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Nathan

    2007-01-01

    Landfill Gas Waste Water Biogas Total 118 BCF/yr 16 BCF/yrConversion Efficiency 60% biogas Comment A conservative25% efficiency in converting to biogas and 60% efficiency in

  14. Microalgae Cultivation using Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiley, Patrick Edward

    2013-01-01

    Production of biodiesel and biogas from algae: A review ofProduction of Biodiesel and Biogas from Algae: A Review ofProduction of biodiesel and biogas from algae: A review of

  15. Transforming trash: reuse as a waste management and climate change mitigation strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vergara, Sintana Eugenia

    2011-01-01

    Greenhouse gas emissions and biogas potential from livestock50-55 °C) conditions. Biogas (55- 65% CH 4 , remaining is COfuel. The production of biogas from the AD process is

  16. The Social Complexity of Renewable Energy Production in the Countryside

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunze, Conrad; Busch, Henner

    2011-01-01

    in one case. Biomass or Biogas plants for electricityand heat production 24 Biogas plants use manure and energythat they do not run on biogas but biological waste or wood.

  17. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Dairy Processing Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brush, Adrian

    2012-01-01

    whey permeate to feed biogas reactor Emerging Technologies (Using whey permeate to feed biogas reactor to generate fuel.wastewater and fed into a biogas reactor. In the reactor,

  18. Coproduction of Hydrogen and Electricity (A Developer's Perspective)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    connected in parallel to the local electrical grid #12; Current Biogas Fuel Cell Installation #12; Current Biogas Fuel Cell Installation City of Riverside ­ 1 MW Biogas Fuel Cell ­ Dedicated August, `08

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE Little fertilizer response but high N loss risk of maize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of biogas. The production and use of maize for biogas is more cost efficient compared with other crops and the cultivation, harvest and storage of maize is well established with farmers. Consequently, the biogas boom has

  20. A Realistic Technology and Engineering Assessment of Algae Biofuel Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinn, Nigel

    microalgae biofuel technologies for both oil and biogas production, provides an initial assessment of the US or wastewater treatment, (2) biofuel outputs--either biogas only or biogas plus oil, and (3) farm size

  1. Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

    2010-01-01

    fuels (biogas or LPG) for cooking and heating, and promotionBiogas and LPG stoves 0 and 20 years 3.3.8 Main heating and11.2%), and biogas (1.9%). We created a heating fuel

  2. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    feasibility of electricity generation with  biogas in Costa biogas/diesel dual?fuel engine for on?farm electricity generation.  kWh/day)   Electricity generation (kWh/day) from biogas 

  3. An efficient preconditioned iterative solution of fully-coupled elastohydrodynamic lubrication problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jimack, Peter

    An efficient preconditioned iterative solution of fully-coupled elastohydrodynamic lubrication elastohydrodynamic lubrication line and point contact problems. The new blockwise preconditioner that is presented that both grow linearly with the number of unknowns. Keywords: elastohydrodynamic lubrication; finite

  4. Green Industrial Policy: Trade and Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry; Stevenson, Megan

    2012-01-01

    solved soon. Both solar water heaters and biogas plants areto promote the use of solar water heaters, biogas plants andother projects. Solar water heaters operate through the

  5. Opportunities for Open Automated Demand Response in Wastewater Treatment Facilities in California - Phase II Report. San Luis Rey Wastewater Treatment Plant Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Lisa

    2010-01-01

    anaerobic digestion is biogas which contains 50–70 percentPlant collects this biogas and uses it in the cogeneration

  6. Investigating Sustainable Technologies for the Humidification System at the Earth Rangers Centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    % efficiency Biogas ·Waste management technique for cleaner fuel than natural gas ·Bio-En Power Inc include utilizing solar thermal, biogas, fuel cells, electricity · Passive improvements defined

  7. Following electron flow: From a Gram-positive community to mechanisms of electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrighton, Kelly Catherine

    2010-01-01

    was monitored by cessation of biogas production as well as awas monitored by cessation of biogas production as well as a

  8. Microgrids: An emerging paradigm for meeting building electricity and heat requirements efficiently and with appropriate energy quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris; Firestone, Ryan

    2007-01-01

    such as natural or biogas fired gensets, to compensate forwind turbines, five 80 kW biogas engines, a 250 kW MCFC, and

  9. Off-grid Energy in Rural India: Policy Recommendations for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauzerall, Denise

    -grid energy technologies, like improved cooking stoves, biogas digesters, and micro hydropower efficient wood- fueled cooking stoves, biogas digesters for fuel production, or wind

  10. Resource Recovery Opportunities at America's Water Resource Recovery...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for CHP at Wastewater Treatment Facilities: Market Analysis and Lessons from the Field, U.S. EPA, October 2011 Biogas Opportunities Roadmap Biogas Markets and Federal Policy...

  11. Potential for reducing paper mill energy use and carbon dioxide emissions through plant-wide energy audits: A case study in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Lingbo

    2014-01-01

    the use of the biogas electricity generation system (UNFCCC,or in a new biogas-based electricity generation system. A

  12. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    Electricity generation [GWh/year] Wind onshore BiogasElectricity generation [GWh/year] Wind onshore Hydro small-scale Solid biomass PV Hydro large-scale Biogas

  13. INVESTIGATION OF A PROTOTYPE INDUSTRIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    exempelvis vara förgasningsgas från kol där koldioxiden sepa- rerats innan förbränning eller biogas vars vätgasinnehåll och metanbaserade gaser med lågt energi- innehåll, vilka imiterar biogas. De ekonomiska aspekterna

  14. Luis Felipe Duhart Oficial Nacional de Bioenerga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firewood, charcoal, briquettes Biogas, syngas (gasification) Bioethanol, biodiesel and straight vegetable

  15. PROFESSORSINSTALLATIONER VID SLU 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    molekylära kolhydratspråket Corine Sandström 76 Bioenergi, biogas och biologi ­ allt hänger ihop! Anna

  16. Turkeys. Photo by Jeff Vanuga. Sow with piglet. Photo by Scott Bauer.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    ............................... 4 Uses of Bio-Gas ............... 5 Refining Bio-Gas into Biomethane...................... 6 Risks of "bio-gas," can be used to fuel a variety of cooking, heating, cooling, and lighting applications to promote bio-gas projects is known as Introduction..................... 1 Digestion Process........... 2

  17. Systemwissenschaftliches Kolloquium Wintersemester 2013/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallenrode, May-Britt

    Wageningen Determinants for a sustained operation of biogas infrastructural systems 13.11.2013 Prof. Dr

  18. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Tracey Holloway, (608) 262-5356, taholloway@wisc.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    the technology might be applied in biogas plants, calling their project Cellulose Digesting Biogas Plants, receiving $2,000 each: BioGRASP (Biogas Growth: Regional and Sustainable Partnerships), proposing a collaborative network of biogas installations in western Uganda and beyond. Team members and their academic

  19. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: Gary Radloff, 608-347-9681, gradloff@wbi.wisc.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    for capitalizing on the biogas energy opportunity in Wisconsin. The strategic plan, titled "The Biogas Opportunity in Wisconsin," was released today and can be downloaded at http://www.wbi.wisc.edu/policy-analysis/. Biogas to produce biogas and other byproducts. The gas can be combusted to produce electricity or combined heat

  20. An EIE/Altener project Co-funded by the EU Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Biogas for Electricity and Heat Production in EU countries. Economic and Environmental Benefits of Biogas is to assess the economic, environmental and energy aspects of the biogas production by centralised co-digestion in selected areas of six EU countries, which have been slow to implement biogas technology. The assessment

  1. A l u m n i C a m p u s E N E R G I E und Lignocellulose heimischer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    Nichtnahrungsmittelpflanzen für die Produktion von Biogas einsetzen. Derzeit installierte Biogasanlagen nutzen zumeist den

  2. Effects of temperature and temperature shock on the performance and microbial community structure of a submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Wensheng

    in biogas pro- duction rate and biogas composition. However, temperature shocks resulted in an increase in biogas pro- duction temporarily. The SAnMBR could tolerate the 5 and 10 °C temperature shocks at 37 °C). The effects of digestion temperature and temperature shock on the biogas yields, temperature shocks

  3. Helena Bernland, Examensarbete: Examensarbete i Indonesien angende framstllning av emulgeringsmedel av avfallsprodukt frnbiodieseltillverkning. 7000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Svenningsson, Josef

    arbetar med biogas. 50000 Pavel Kopylov Inovationsprojekt:Student projekt som har en ändamål att att

  4. und Lignocellulose heimischer Pflanzen anwenden und somit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    Produktion von Biogas einsetzen. Derzeit installierte Biogasanlagen nutzen zumeist den Fruchtanteil, also die

  5. Universit degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica e Aerospaziale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    pretrattamenti delle biomasse umide finalizzati alla ottimizzazione della produzione di biogas negli impianti di

  6. Proceedings of the 2012 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference X. Wei and A. Kusiak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    Optimization of Biogas Production Process in a Wastewater Treatment Plant Xiupeng Wei, Andrew Kusiak Department-wei@uiowa.edu Abstract Sludge is a byproduct of wastewater processing suitable for biogas production. The biogas for optimization of biogas production process in a wastewater treatment plant is presented. The process model

  7. Montana Manufacturing Center www.mtmanufacturingcenter.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    and Esterification Heat Fuel Gas Bio Oil Biogas Bioethanol Biodiesel Heat/CHP Electricity Transportation Fuels

  8. Water, Neighborhoods and Urban Design: Micro-Utilities and the Fifth Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmer, Vicki; Fraker, Harrison

    2011-01-01

    biogas and methane production, it became quickly evident that human biosolids combined with food waste

  9. The Implications of Global Climate Change for Mountain Gorilla Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    production of alternatives for timber, fuel wood, handicrafts, stick, charcoal) Encourage energy saving stoves (and biogas,

  10. Clean Development Mechanism agricultural methodologies could help California to achieve AB 32 goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dinar, Ariel; Larson, Donald F; Frisbie, J. Aapris

    2012-01-01

    Biogas from manure or composting ACM006‡ Biomass residue from agriculture used for electricity generation

  11. Innovation, renewable energy, and state investment: Case studies of leading clean energy funds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Milford, Lewis; Porter, Kevin; Clark, Roger

    2002-01-01

    gasification (“biogas”) electricity generation projects onbiogas generation to help alleviate the state’s electricity

  12. Data Quality Mining: Employing Classifiers for Assuring consistent Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

    .g. wind power and biogas plants, and combined heat and power generation together with the conventional

  13. SOFC Long Term Operation in Pure Methane by Gradual Internal Reforming S. Georgesa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , syngas) or renewable fuels (biogas, waste fuels, bioethanol), is a huge actual challenge whose success

  14. RESEARCH ARTICLE Algae production on pig sludge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . However, there are several other methods of treating liquid manure, such as making compost, biogas

  15. The Department of Electronics is seeking qualified contract instructors for the following courses: Summer Term 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carleton University

    Utilization Electricity, hydrocarbons and hydrogen. Renewables, biofuels and biogas technologies. Distribu

  16. 1 | Fuel Cell Technologies Program eere.energy.gov Fuel Cell Technologies Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    July 13, 2011 #12;Biogas Resource Example: Methane from Waste Water Treatment Biogas from waste water 2010 #12;Biogas Resource Example: Methane from Landfills Biogas from landfills is located near large of resource located near urban centers. · If 50% of the bio-methane was available, ~8 million kg

  17. Reconciling the new demands for food protection with environmental needs in the management of livestock wastes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    treatment. Direct application of heat available from biogas coupled with heat recovery may make thermal

  18. 1 Veranderungen der Ener-gieerzeugung und -verteilung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

    Energien wie Windkraft-, Solar, Wasser, Biogas- und Geothermieanlagen. Zum anderen wurde nicht zuletzt

  19. stampa:GraficheManzanesi,Manzano(UD) a cura della

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    depurazione e biogas. Al fine di conseguire più facilmente gli obiettivi fissati la Direttiva invita ogni

  20. Agron. Sustain. Dev. c INRA, EDP Sciences, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    technologies make it possible to provide first gener- ation biodiesel, ethanol or biogas to the transport

  1. Searches for periodic gravitational waves from unknown isolated sources and Scorpius X-1: Results from the second LIGO science run

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanner, David B.

    . Berukoff,1 J. Betzwieser,18 P. T. Beyersdorf,29 B. Bhawal,15 I. A. Bilenko,23 G. Billingsley,15 R. Biswas. Lam,4 M. Landry,16 B. Lantz,32 A. Lazzarini,15 B. Lee,53 M. Lei,15 J. Leiner,56 V. Leonhardt,25 I

  2. Elucidation of genes of unknown function in alpha carboxysome operons: acRAF, BMVs and carbon regulatory PII proteins.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheatley, Nicole Marie

    2014-01-01

    Page 09 Figure 3 BVM-1-MBP and BMV-2 characterization byFigure 3 Figure 3. BVM-1 and BMV-2 characterization by SDS-

  3. Detecting Unknown Turning Points Using Piecewise Growth Mixture Models: A Comparison of ML/EM versus Bayesian Estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ning, Ling

    2015-08-05

    (IC) statistics, (b) nested model likelihood ratio test derivative, (c) the entropy statistic and entropy-penalty based indexes, (d) goodness of fit tests (Bauer & Curran, 2003b; Liu & Hancock, 2014; Peugh & Fan, 2012; Peugh & Fan, 2015; Tofighi... rescaled entropy 18 measure proposed by Ramaswamy, DeSarbo, Reibstein, and Robinson (1993). The rescaled entropy ranges from 0 to 1 with 1 indicating perfect classification (Bauer & Curran, 2003a; B. Muthén & Muthén, 2000). Celeux & Soromenho (1996...

  4. Towards Accurate and Efficient Representation of Image Irradiance of Convex-Lambertian Objects Under Unknown Near Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louisville, University of

    Towards Accurate and Efficient Representation of Image Irradiance of Convex-Lambertian Objects.farag@louisville.edu Abstract Surface irradiance signals are turned into outgoing radi- ance through the surface reflectance-frequency nature, irradiance signals can be represented using low-order basis functions, where spher- ical

  5. Resource Allocation with Unknown Constraints: An Extremum Seeking Control Approach and Applications to Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas

    2014-01-01

    model-free optimization problem [11] and has been applied to the wind energy conversion system [12], axial-flow compressor [

  6. Structure-based inference of molecular functions of proteins of unknown function from Berkeley Structural Genomics Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Dong Hae

    2008-01-01

    2002). J Struct Funct Genomics. 2. 121-127 5. Chen, S. ,2003). J Struct Funct Genomics. 4. 31-34 25. Kim, J.S. ,R. (2003). J Struct Funct Genomics. 4. 129-135 3. Chandonia,

  7. LDPC-Coded MIMO Systems With Unknown Block Fading Channels: Soft MIMO Detector Design, Channel Estimation, and Code Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Jun; Rao, Bhaskar D

    2006-01-01

    statistical estimation theory, and their applications in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and multicarrier (OFDM) wireless communications.

  8. Resource Allocation with Unknown Constraints: An Extremum Seeking Control Approach and Applications to Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas

    2014-01-01

    wind energy conversion systems using extremum seeking,” IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology,

  9. NN Controller of the Constrained Robot under Unknown Constraint Shenghai Hu, Marcelo H. Ang Jr.*, and H. Krishnan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ang Jr.,, Marcelo H.

    the five-bar robot to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed controller. 1. Introduction To apply.*, and H. Krishnan Dept of Mechanical and Production Engineering National University of Singapore Singapore

  10. Computer vision-based localization and mapping of an unknown, uncooperative and spinning target for spacecraft proximity operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tweddle, Brent Edward

    2013-01-01

    Prior studies have estimated that there are over 100 potential target objects near the Geostationary Orbit belt that are spinning at rates of over 20 rotations per minute. For a number of reasons, it may be desirable to ...

  11. Resource Allocation with Unknown Constraints: An Extremum Seeking Control Approach and Applications to Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Kai; Hu, Guoqiang; Spanos, Costas

    2014-01-01

    Z. Yang, and Y. Zhang, “Demand response manage- ment withS. H. Low, “Optimal demand response: Problem formulation andYang, and X. Guan, “Optimal demand response scheduling with

  12. An unknown regulator affects cell division and the timing of entry into stationary phase in Escherichia coli 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bain, Sherrie Valarie

    2005-08-29

    .............................................. 11 2 Primers for amplification and sequencing ............................... 19 3 Hfr mapping strains and results .............................................. 24 4 P1 mapping strains and results... microcentrifuge at 12,000 x g and the supernatant, containing the genomic DNA, was collected and transferred to a different Eppendorf tube. The cpxA gene was amplified in two fragments. The primers used in this study are listed in Table 2. All...

  13. Batch load anaerobic digestion of dairy manure 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egg, Richard P

    1979-01-01

    and medium size dairy operations unless the pro- cess can be made more efficient or some other economic benefit can be derived from the manure. A recent study indicated that a batch load process might be more efficient in waste stabilization and biogas... rate of biogas production was 0. 69 liters biogas/liter digester/ day. This volumetric biogas production increased with increasing influent total solids concentration. Influent concentration had little effect on other biogas production parameters...

  14. Keywords. Protein interaction; putative integral membrane protein; ribosomal phosphoprotein P0; surface expression; yeast two-Abbreviations used: GST, glutathione-S transferase; IP, immunoprecipitation; ORF, open reading frame; PfP0, Plasmodium falci-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Shobhona

    , Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005, India Corresponding author (Fax, 91-22-2280-4610; Email, sharma. One of the strongest interactors (clone 67B) mapped to the gene YFL034W which codes for a hypothetical interacted with clone 67B, was mapped to 60­148 amino acids. It is envisaged that the surface localization

  15. The Epidemiology of Schistosomiasis Reinfection and Reemergence in Sichuan, China: Implications for Surveillance and Intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlton, Elizabeth Jean

    2010-01-01

    energy co-benefits of anaerobic digesters in rural China.their household. If anaerobic biogas digesters were present,the effluent of anaerobic biogas digesters [23], a second

  16. International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2014-01-01

    building integrated PV, geothermal heat pumps, and biogasPV and thermal), biogas/biomass, hydropower, heat pumps (PV, wind, power electronics Needs Electrical storage (batteries, PEVs), solid Increased control CERTS, heterogeneous PQR (DC/AC) state switching, heat pumps,

  17. Mitteilung fr die Medien Mitteilung fr die Medien Mitteilung fr die Medien Mitteilung fr die Medien Eine Zeile mit 39 Anschlgen (mit Leerzeichen) durchschnittlich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dettweiler, Michael

    Strom auf Biogas und bei Wärme auf Holz und Biogaserzeugung. Dass sich die Fläche für die Erzeugung von konkrete Handlungsempfehlung parat: Wärme aus Hackschnitzel und Pellets, Strom aus Holz, Biogas und

  18. India Energy Outlook: End Use Demand in India to 2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2009-01-01

    rural, k=Kerosene m=rural, k=biogas m =urban, k=LPG m=urban,k=LPG k=wood k=kerosene k=biogas k=electricity k=electricity

  19. The Economics and Feasibility of Electricity Generation using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    benefits of using biogas to generate electricity instead of coal are positive, implying that an otherwise efficient rate structure will err against biogas. The second consideration is that manure digester

  20. Parameter identification in dynamical models of anaerobic waste water treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timmer, Jens

    processes using two data sets obtained from different experimental setups. In both experiments only biogas concentrations are measurable. Yet in many ex- perimental settings only biogas production rate data is available

  1. WASTE/BY-PRODUCT HYDROGEN DOE/DOD Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; 6 Waste/Byproduct HydrogenWaste/By product Hydrogen Waste H2 sources include: Waste biomass: biogas Waste/Byproduct Hydrogen Waste/By product Hydrogen Fuel FlexibilityFuel Flexibility Biogas: generated

  2. One Hundred Tenth Congress United States of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Biogas. Sec. 223. Grants for biofuel production research and development in certain States. Sec. 224. Study of optimization of biogas used in natural gas vehicles. Sec. 228. Algal biomass. Sec. 229

  3. Ris Energy Report 3 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pollu- tion. For fuels such as natural gas, methanol, bioethanol and biogas, technologies cells (SOFCs) can run on fuels such as natural gas, biogas and methanol, thanks to their ability

  4. BIOENERGI ER BLEVET MODERNE 4DECEMBER 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at bruge biomasse til energi. Opfyring med brænde og opvarmning med halmfyr eller biogas er kendte, biogas og bioethanol. Bioenergi er den eneste vedvarende energikilde, der findes i fast, flydende og

  5. NORDIC WASTE WATER TREATMENT SLUDGE TREATMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    biogas, electricity and fertilizer from 30 000 tons of annually waste. The plant was opened in March 2008 together it an- nually produces 18,9 GWh biogas and around 10 GWh of elec- tricity. The Cambi THP ­process

  6. Addendum to Questions, Answers and Clarifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or a portion of the costs of construction of a landfill or municipal waste water treatment biogas purification of construction of a landfill or municipal waste water treatment biogas purification system are not eligible under

  7. Center for Transportation Analysis News Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the University of Tennessee, kick-started the Biogas Digester summer project titled "Fuel from Food the cafeteria to find out if it can be used to generate biogas or for compost. They separated food waste from

  8. High Temperature Fuel Cell Tri-Generation of Power, Heat & H2...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heat & H2 from Biogas High Temperature Fuel Cell Tri-Generation of Power, Heat & H2 from Biogas Success story about using waste water treatment gas for hydrogen production at UC...

  9. Waste incineration and the community -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    improvements in landfill design, operation, biogas recovery, leachate treatment and aftercare of the site-term solution. Even if biogas is extracted correctly and its energy recovered efficiently, other potentially

  10. Hydrology Days 2014 Thermally Enhanced Attenuation of Substituted Benzenes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    at temperatures ranging from 10°C to 30°C, and biogas production has been monitored. Thus far, substituted benzene microcosms have produced less biogas than previous petroleum microcosm studies. This suggests

  11. Provided for non-commercial research and educational use only. Not for reproduction or distribution or commercial use.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    ; Lettinga ). As a result of anaerobic digestion, methane and carbon dioxide rich biogas are produced. The biogas can then be used to generate electri- city or heat. Biological, chemical, and physical reactions

  12. at Western University With escalating concerns about global energy shortages and the impact of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    a biogas facility in Ilderton, Ontario and the InstituteforChemicalsandFuelsfromAlternatives(ICFAR) · The biogas facility is equipped with a biodigester system to convert manure and wastewater into energy while

  13. Analysis of Integrated Tropical Biorefineries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the integration of an anaerobic digester into each biochemical platform technology. The combustion of biogas not rely on biogas combustion to be thermally self- sufficient. However, their output of excess electricity

  14. Biological sweetening of energy gases mimics in biotrickling filters Marc Fortuny a,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Hydrogen sulfide; Gas sweetening; Biotrickling filter; Desulfurization; Fuel gas; Biogas 1. Introduction in energy-rich gases such as biogas from anaerobic digesters which may contain H2S concentrations exceeding

  15. Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Seminar Wednesday, March 20, 2013, 4:00 5:00 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    processes that strive to recover energy in the form of biogas either directly from domestic wastewater (AnMBR recovered over 30% more energy in the form of biogas than HRAS+AD but used over 300% more energy, primarily

  16. Resource recovery potential from secondary components of segregated municipal solid wastes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    for decentralized biogas plants to be operated in the vicinity. We characterized the fermen- tation potential of six of the above MSW fractions for their suitability to be converted to biogas and anaerobic compost using

  17. Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-01-01

    source) District heating Wood Biogas Charcoal Stove/ RoomHeating Television Refrigerator Freezer Washing Machine Air-Conditioner Fan Tubular fluorescent Compact fluorescent Halogen Kerosene lamp Wood Stove Biogas

  18. International Microgrid Assessment: Governance, INcentives, and Experience (IMAGINE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2014-01-01

    Biogas Solar Hot water/ice, rocks, concrete Batteries Lighting Life support Refrigeration Security Heating/Biogas Solar Hot water/ice, rocks, concrete Batteries Lighting Life support Refrigeration Security Heating/

  19. Author-produced version of the article published in Chemical Engineering Journal, 215-216 (2013), 182-187. Available at http://www;sciencedirect.com (Elsevier) DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.10.099

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2013-01-01

    of the solid organic matter is converted into gas) and for producing biogas. To be efficient, anaerobic and (iii) no dramatic variation in organic load. To control temperature, biogas is partly used for heating

  20. In Thai Binh province, intensification of pig farming is accelerating, due to the policy of liberalization and an increase in living standards, which also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    remain the implementation of biogas, moving farms and implementing regulations, they could nevertheless priority on the growth of production. Two main measures are pro- moted: the development of biogas systems