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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

biogas | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

biogas biogas Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

2

Ideal detonation characteristics of biogas-hydrogen and -hydrogen peroxide mixtures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reports the ideal detonation characteristics of various mixtures of biogas-hydrogen and biogas-hydrogen peroxide with air. The results obtained by the chemical equilibrium calculations reveal the fundamental improvement of the biogas detonation ... Keywords: bio-energy, biogas detonation, biogas utilization, equilibrium thermochemistry, hydrogen, hydrogen peroxide

Khalid M. Saqr; Hassan I. Kassem; Mohsin M. Sies; Mazlan A. Wahid

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Keyword programming in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Keyword programming is a novel technique for reducing the need to remember details of programming language syntax and APIs, by translating a small number of unordered keywords provided by the user into a valid expression. ...

Little, Danny Greg

4

Discriminative keyword spotting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new approach for keyword spotting, which is based on large margin and kernel methods rather than on HMMs. Unlike previous approaches, the proposed method employs a discriminative learning procedure, in which the learning phase aims ... Keywords: Discriminative models, Keyword spotting, Large margin and kernel methods, Speech recognition, Spoken term detection, Support vector machines

Joseph Keshet; David Grangier; Samy Bengio

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Estimation dynamical model of an anaerobic digestion of shrimp culture pond sediment in a biogas process using genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogas is one type of renewable energy which is important to the energy and environmental planning of Thailand. The study and analysis of the dynamical model of the biogas process can be explained the variables that affect biogas process and optimization. ... Keywords: anaerobic digestion, artificial intelligence, biogas process, mass balance equation, system identification

Jiraphon Srisertpol; Prasit Srinakorn; Adtavirod Kheawnak; Kontorn Chamniprasart; Arthit Srikaew

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Biogas Resources Characterization  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biogas Resources Characterization Biogas Resources Characterization Project Summary Full Title: Biogas Resources Characterization Project ID: 259 Principal Investigator: Ali Jalalzadeh-Azar Brief Description: This project intends to develop a cost-analysis tool based on the H2A Production model, collect global information system (GIS) / cost data, and perform techno-economic analyses of upgrading biogas and utilizing the resulting bio-methane. Keywords: Biogas; Bio-methane; Landfill; Dairy farm; Sewage treatment plant; Fuel cell Purpose Fuel cells operating on bio-methane or on hydrogen derived from bio-methane can mitigate energy and environmental issues and provide an opportunity for their commercialization. This project can provide valuable insights and information to the stakeholders-utilities, municipalities, and policy

7

Treatment of Mixed Wastewater of Slaughterhouse Wastewater and Biogas Slurry with Pilot Contact Oxidation System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a pilot contact oxidation system was used to different mixing ratio wastewater of slaughterhouse wastewater and biogas slurry. The results showed that when the mixing ratio of slaughterhouse wastewater and biogas slurry was 19:1 and the ... Keywords: contact oxidation process, slaughterhouse wastewater and biogas slurry, COD removal, ammonia removal

Peng Li; Qun-Hui Wang; Jie Zhang; Tian-Long Zheng; Juan Wang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Introduction to a Large-Scale Biogas Plant in a Dairy Farm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes a large-scale biogas plant in a dairy farm located in the Tongzhou District of Beijing. It is has a treatment capacity of 30t manure and 30t wastewater per day, a total of 60t/d with a residence time of 20 days. Input material ... Keywords: Large scale biogas plant, CHP, Biogas storage within digestor

Xiaolin Fan; Zifu Li; Tingting Wang; Fubin Yin; Xin Jin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

The Effects of Different Anaerobic Fermentation Temperature on Biogas Fermentation of Swine Manure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogas yields and methane productivity were studied at different temperatures (15¡æ, 20¡æ, 25¡æ, 30¡æ and 35¡æ) by the way of anaerobic fermentation experiment which takes wine manure as biogas fermentation raw material, and ... Keywords: Temperature, Biogas, Swine manure, Anaerobic fermentation

Zhu Zongqiang; Cheng Guanwen; Zhu Yinian; Zeng Honghu; Wei Rongrong; Wei Caichun

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Guidebook on biogas development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guidebook covers the practical aspects of small-scale biogas development suitable for use in rural areas in developing countries, especially those of the ESCAP region. It is intended that all aspects of biogas are covered so that someone with no knowledge of the subject can, with confidence, design, build, operate and maintain a biogas plant. Information on biogas technology in China is also included. Chapters cover: the biogas process; factors effecting gas-plant design and operation; the classification and design principles of plants; design, size and site selection; the construction of digesters; gas holders and pipes; household gas appliances and their use; starting and operating a biogas digester; servicing and safety; improving gas-plant performance; commercial uses of biogas; the effluent and its uses, biogas-plant development programmes; community plants; and economics. In the annexes, designs for biogas plants of the fixed-dome, bag and floating gas-holder type are presented. 9 references.

Not Available

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Biogas in Vietnam : a proposed business model in biogas sector.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis was to discover a biogas opportunity in the Mekong Delta area in Vietnam. The discussed biogas production is derived from… (more)

Phan, Thi Thanh Thao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

RPSEA biogas report final  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

are bioconverted. 2. Identify organisms within microbial consortia associated with biogas generation from coal. 3. Characterize the influence of culture growth amendments and...

13

Biogas Production Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agricultural Engineering University of California, Davis Email: rhzhang@ucdavis.edu Biogas and Fuel Cell Workshop National Renewable Energy Laboratory June 12, 2012 Presentation...

14

Biogas and Cattle Organs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A study has been conducted to assess the possibilities to introduce dead cattle organs as the raw material for biogas generation at the rural… (more)

Jamil, Adnan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Gårdsbaserad biogas på Nya Skottorp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Biogas is an expanding sector within the broad field of agriculture and animal production. Small-scale biogas offers local combined power and heating production and… (more)

Kalén, Jonas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biogas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biogas to someone by Biogas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biogas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biogas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biogas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biogas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biogas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biogas on AddThis.com... More in this section... Biobutanol Drop-In Biofuels Methanol P-Series Renewable Natural Gas xTL Fuels Renewable Natural Gas (Biogas) Biogas-also known as biomethane, swamp gas, landfill gas, or digester gas-is the gaseous product of anaerobic digestion (decomposition without oxygen) of organic matter. In addition to providing electricity and heat, biogas is useful as a vehicle fuel. When processed to purity standards,

17

Energy Requirement Analysis of Large-Scale Biogas Project in High-Cold Region of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual mean temperature is very low in high cold region of china. The insulating and heating measures on the basis of the energy requirement analysis of biogas project are needed to ensure the normal running of fermentation process. In this paper, ... Keywords: High-cold, Biogas, Fermentation, Heat

Yinsheng Yang; Lili Wang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Modeling of biogas generation in bioreactor landfills using neuro-fuzzy system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogas generation in anaerobic bioreactor landfills is modeled using the neuro-fuzzy system. The implemented inference system was an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). The fuzzy logic controller featured a Multi-Input-Single-Output (MISO) ... Keywords: biogas generation, bioreactor landfills, neuro-fuzzy model

Mohamed S. Abdallah; Leta Fernandes; Mostafa A. Warith

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A Comprehensive Model for Evaluation of Carbon Footprint and Greenhouse Gages Emission in Household Biogas Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on Life Cycle Assessment and other related methods, this paper introduced a comprehensive model for the evaluation of the carbon footprint and greenhouse gases emission in household biogas plants including nearly all the processes of the household ... Keywords: Biogas Plant, Carbon Footprint, Life Cycle, Greenhouse Gas

Jie Zhou; Shubiao Wu; Wanqin Zhang; Changle Pang; Baozhi Wang; Renjie Dong; Li Chen

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Towards automatic building of document keywords  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Document keywords are associated to documents as summarized versions of the documents' content. Considering that the number of documents is quickly growing every day, the availability of these keywords is very important. Although, usually keywords are ...

Joaquim Silva; Gabriel Lopes

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Biogas Markets and Federal Policy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

americanbiogascouncil.org americanbiogascouncil.org Promoting the Anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Industries 1 americanbiogascouncil.org Biogas Markets and Federal Policy Patrick Serfass, Executive Director www.americanbiogascouncil.org Promoting the Anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Industries www.americanbiogascouncil.org Promoting the Anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Industries American Biogas Council: The Voice of the US Biogas Industry ï‚£ The only U.S. organization representing the biogas and anaerobic digestion industry ï‚£ 151 Organizations in the U.S., Germany, Italy, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Brazil, the Netherlands and the UK ï‚£ All Industry Sectors Represented: ï‚£ Landowners, waste managers ï‚£ Project developers/owners ï‚£ Manufacturers ï‚£ Fuel refiners

22

Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from soils amended with biogas waste compared to otherCrutzen et al. 2008). Biogas production from organicamounts of fermentation effluent (biogas waste) remain after

Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Biomass: Biogas Generator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

waste for biogas production. Some feel that organic plant waste should be used for compost, and that manure should be used for fertilizer. They point out that a lot of natural...

24

Communal Polyethylene Biogas Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In Lembang, a farming community on western Java, family-sized, plug-flow, polyethylene biogas systems fed with cow dung, are being used as an integrated solution… (more)

Stoddard, Isak

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Refeeding biogas digester solids  

SciTech Connect

Biosolid, the digester residue from a biogas plant, must be of economical use to ensure the financial feasibility of biogas facilities. This paper sumarizes work performed for a Department of Energy study in the Imperial Valley of California. Feeding trials show that biosolid can only be used as a small proportion of feed rations. Apart from bacterial debris, biosolid is composed larely of non-nutritive residues. 5 refs.

Licht, L.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

The Design of the ADALINE Sensor of the Biogas Generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper used the ADALINE (adaptive linear neuron) structure rotate-speed recognizing method and applies the adaptive linear neuron to the non-velocity sensor combined with actual application conditions. The simulation results are get from MATLAB simulating ... Keywords: Biogas generator, ADALINE, Non-velocity sensor

Zuo-Xun Wang; Ying-Chun Zhang; Gui-Juan Wang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Rapid automatic keyword extraction for information retrieval ...  

Methods and systems for rapid automatic keyword extraction for information retrieval and analysis. Embodiments can include parsing words in an ...

28

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using measured data we demonstrate that there is an amazing correspondence among the statistical properties of spacings between parked cars and the distances between birds perching on a power line. We show that this observation is easily explained by the fact that birds and human use the same mechanism of distance estimation. We give a simple mathematical model of this phenomenon and prove its validity using measured data. Everyone knows that to park a car in the city center is problematic. The amount of the available places is limited and it has to be shared between too many interested parties. Birds face the same problem when a flock tries to perch on an electric line. The common problem (we will call it "the parking problem " in the following text) is to place oneself safely between the two parties limiting the available space from the left and from the right. This leads necessarily to an interaction preventing collisions between the participants and making the parking maneuver not random. It should be therefore not a surprise that the "Random car parking model " introduced by Renyi [1] (see also [2] and [3] for review) does not describe the real parking data correctly [4], [5]. The exact character of the interaction is unknown and hardly describable in the physical terms. It is however clear that it is primarily triggered by the brain and then mediated through the muscles (by pressing the accelerator/brake pedal (cars) or by flopping the wings (birds)). Though the particular locomotive activity is different the basic neural regulatory mechanisms can be similar in both cases. The complex interplay between the individuals

Petr Šeba

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Modelling regional input markets with numerous processing plants: The case of green maize for biogas production in Germany  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The location of first generation processing plants for biogas using bulky inputs is a prominent example of locational decisions of plants that face high per unit transport costs of feedstock and simultaneously depend to a large extent on feedstock availability. ... Keywords: Biogas, Biomass transportation, Competitive facility location, Modelling, Transport costs

Ruth Delzeit; Wolfgang Britz; Karin Holm-Müller

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

An Expert System to Estimate the Capacity of Harvesting Energy from Biogas and its Capacity in TRNC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In TRNC, the electricity is been obtained from fuel oil, which is most expensive production in the world. The aim of this research is to produce electricity from biogas to reduce the cost of electricity in TRNC. Our researches proved that the potential ... Keywords: Expert system, Biogas, Capacity determination

Hasan H. Onder

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Biogas Technologies and Integration with Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NREL BIOGAS WORKSHOP NREL BIOGAS WORKSHOP BIOGAS TECHNOLOGIES AND INTEGRATION WITH FUEL CELLS Ian Handley Ros Roca Envirotec USA American Biogas Council SUMMARY * Introduction and Background * Anaerobic Digestion * Biogas Utilization * Biogas Upgrading Technology * Biogas Specification * Biogas to Fuel Cell * Conclusions Promoting the use of Biogas and Anaerobic Digestion O 149 Members from the U.S., Germany, Italy, Canada and the UK O All Industry Sectors Represented Key Industry Goals: O Promote biogas markets, technologies and infrastructure O Achieve policy parity O Promote as a best practice for environmental stewardship and greenhouse gas reduction www.americanbiogascouncil.org Products and technologies for environmental protection Pneumatic waste

32

Updated guidebook on biogas development  

SciTech Connect

On the practical aspects of small-scale biogas development suitable for use in rural areas of developing countries reviews biogas development throughout the ESCAP region and examines each of the steps involved in developing and operating a biogas plant. It details both the process and the microbiology of biogas fermentation and analyses the factors affecting gas plant design and operation. Also covered are the classification and design principles of plants, design, site, and site selection; starting and operating a gas plant; servicing and safety; and efficient plant performance. Also considered are the commercial uses of biogas and possible use of effluent.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

GIS keyword | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GIS keyword GIS keyword Home > Groups > Geospatial NickL's picture Submitted by NickL(46) Member 25 June, 2012 - 21:45 geospatial data GIS GIS data Explore the geospatial datasets in OpenEI's datasets by using the keyword GIS to filter search results. Over 220 results contain the GIS keyword and include US and global energy data. Search solar, wind, biomass and wave energy resources. Do you have GIS data you would like to share? Please add it to OpenEI's growing datasets and let the community know what you've shared. Groups: Geospatial Login to post comments Latest discussions NickL GIS keyword Posted: 25 Jun 2012 - 21:45 by NickL Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Latest discussion comments No comments have been made yet Recent content Hi-Yes, you are correct wi...

34

Understanding biogas generation. Technical paper  

SciTech Connect

Biogas is a by-product of the biological breakdown - under oxygen-free conditions - of organic wastes such as plants, crop residues, wood and bark residues, and human and animal manure. Biogas generators or digesters yield two products: the biogas itself, and a semi-solid by-product called effluent or sludge. Biogas systems are most popular for their ability to produce fuel from products that might otherwise be wasted-crop residues, manures, etc. The fuel is a flammable gas suitable for cooking, lighting, and fueling combustion engines. The digested waste--sludge--is a high quality ferterlizer.

Mattocks, R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Archea Biogas N V | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biogas N V Jump to: navigation, search Name Archea Biogas N.V. Place Hessisch Oldendorf, Lower Saxony, Germany Zip 31840 Product Design, analysis, planning and construction of...

36

Biogas Direct LCC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Biogas Direct LCC Jump to: navigation, search Name Biogas Direct LCC Place Spring Green,...

37

Nya renings- och uppgraderingstekniker för biogas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Biogas is a renewable energy source that is produced by anaerobic digestion of organic mate-rial. In Sweden, biogas predominately comes from sewage water sludge… (more)

Benjaminsson, Johan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Abwicklungsgesellschaft Biogas I AG Formerly Schmack Biogas AG | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abwicklungsgesellschaft Biogas I AG Formerly Schmack Biogas AG Abwicklungsgesellschaft Biogas I AG Formerly Schmack Biogas AG Jump to: navigation, search Name Abwicklungsgesellschaft Biogas I AG (Formerly Schmack Biogas AG) Place Schwandorf, Bavaria, Germany Zip 92421 Product Germany-based company that specialises in biogas production technology. It provides turn-key biogas plants including project development, technical and biological commissioning. Coordinates 49.327703°, 12.108496° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":49.327703,"lon":12.108496,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

39

Shell structures for biogas plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The shell structures designed for biogas plants of the fixed-dome type by the Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association are described. Biogas digesters of the design described have been successfully tested in Rwanda and India without structural or contractural problems.

Sasse, L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Rapid automatic keyword extraction for information retrieval and analysis  

SciTech Connect

Methods and systems for rapid automatic keyword extraction for information retrieval and analysis. Embodiments can include parsing words in an individual document by delimiters, stop words, or both in order to identify candidate keywords. Word scores for each word within the candidate keywords are then calculated based on a function of co-occurrence degree, co-occurrence frequency, or both. Based on a function of the word scores for words within the candidate keyword, a keyword score is calculated for each of the candidate keywords. A portion of the candidate keywords are then extracted as keywords based, at least in part, on the candidate keywords having the highest keyword scores.

Rose, Stuart J (Richland, WA); Cowley,; Wendy E (Richland, WA); Crow, Vernon L (Richland, WA); Cramer, Nicholas O (Richland, WA)

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Captazione di biogas da discarica: analisi del biogas e scelta impiantistica ottimale.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Studio della struttura e della costruzione di una discarica, con particolare attenzione alla problematica del biogas. Esame delle caratteristiche e della composizione del biogas e… (more)

Dal Pastro, Filippo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Uppgradering av biogas med aska från trädbränslen; Upgrading of biogas using ash from wood fuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The Swedish production of biogas was 1,5 TWh 2011. About half of the production was used as vehicle fuels. The cost for upgrading biogas… (more)

Andersson, Johan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A Study on Biogas from Anaerobic Digestion with the Distiller's Grains via Lactic Acid Fermentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The methane production of the distiller’s grains via lactic acid fermentation (shorter for the fermentation residue) was investigated, and the variable trend of pH values, alkali concentration and volatile fatty acids were examined. The results ... Keywords: the residue of distillers' grains via lactic acid fermentation, biomass wastes, anaerobic digestion, volatile fatty acids, biogas production

Li-Hong Wang; Wang Qunhui; Sun Xiaohong; Xin Zhao

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Economic viability of biogas technology  

SciTech Connect

Biogas has emerged as a suitable technology for providing alternative and additional sources of energy, especially for rural areas of developing countries. Although the experience gained in China and India established its technological success, social scientists are still involved in the controversial issue of its economic viability. The available literature presents very contradictory situations, ranging between the two extreme poles of high economic viability and nonviability. Such contradictory conclusions are derived since economic benefits from the technology are influenced by a number of factors. A review of the literature reveals that various factors are either not considered, or that the economics have been worked out assuming a very ideal situation, while biogas plants are operating under very different conditions. Using the coal replacement method even as coal is seldom used by villages is only a single example of this approach. In most of the developing countries, rural populations depend mainly on non-commercial fuels like firewood, dungcakes, agricultural wastes and leaves for cooking and heating purposes. Under the present technological limitations, biogas can most commonly be used for cooking and lighting. For testing the economic viability of biogas systems, a number of authors have considered the benefits in terms of savings in traditional fuels. But considering the actual thermal efficiency of different non-commercial fuel items, as well as biogas, it has still be be decided at what point of the market prices of fuel items that the biogas system becomes economically viable and remains viable. The present paper thus reviews different approaches adopted and suggested for working out the economics or the cost-benefit ratio of the biogas technology at the first stage, and then spells out the factors influencing the economic benefits of the technology under various situations, with the help of empirical

Agrawal, S.C.; Agrawal, S.; Khare, O.P.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Introduction to biogas production on the farm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of farmers, ranchers, and engineers received support from the US Department of Energy Appropriate Technology Small Grants Program to design, construct, and demonstrate biogas production systems. Many of these projects generated more than just biogas; grantees' work and results have contributed to a growing body of information about practical applications of this technology. This publication was developed to share some of that information, to answer the basic questions about biogas production, and to lead farmers to more information. Section I introduces biogas and the various components of a biogas production system, discusses the system's benefits and liabilities, and provides a brief checklist to determine if biogas production may be applicable to an individual's particular situation. Section II features descriptions of four biogas projects of various sizes. Section III provides sources of additional information including descriptions of other biogas production projects.

Not Available

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua Project Recap The task for Team Bug Bag was to create for under $100 (USD), and be able to produce biogas that could boil water for a thirty minute time period

Demirel, Melik C.

47

Janata biogas technology and fodder production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An effective bio-gas program leads to efficient use of cow dung for gas recovery and partial supplement to plant nutrient requirements. Bio-gas program leads to improvement in rural living including rural sanitation. The Janata biogas plant designed by the State Planning Institute, Lucknow, based on biogas technology, has proved to be efficient and economical. This book contains the various papers presented at the seminar held to review this technology. The various topics covered are: Status of Biogas Program in India; Role of Extension Agencies in Developing Program of Energy Utilization; Introduction to Drumless Biogas Plant; Principles and Application of Anaerobic Fermentation and Biogas Production, Operational System of Gobar Gas in Rural India; Complete Recycling of Cattle Shed Wastes through Biogas Plant; Chemical Composition of Cattle Excreta and Its Manurial Value; Profitability of Biogas Plant; Biogas Production from Various Organic Wastes; Performance of Janata Biogas Plant and Biogas Utilization in Appliances; Utilization of Solar Energy for Domestic Purposes; and Conservation of Forages. Plant requirements and cost estimates have been given for several units.

Neelakantan, S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Using structural information in XML keyword search effectively  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The popularity of XML has exacerbated the need for an easy-to-use, high precision query interface for XML data. When traditional document-oriented keyword search techniques do not suffice, natural language interfaces and keyword search techniques that ... Keywords: Correlation Mining, Keyword Queries, XML

Arash Termehchy; Marianne Winslett

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Web Information Organization Using Keyword Distillation Based Clustering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a system that conducts search result clustering for several thousands of Web pages, and elaborates cluster labels through keyword distillation. Keyword distillation is a method that properly handles spelling variations, transliterations, ... Keywords: clustering, open search engine, keyword unification

Tomohide Shibata; Yasuo Bamba; Keiji Shinzato; Sadao Kurohashi

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Biogas project advances in California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has given a `thumbs up` rating to the high solids anaerobic digester project which is designed to produce biogas. The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD), the local utility, is considering the use of biogas to run a fuel cell pilot project. The designs for the three digesters are state-of-the-art, with each containing a horizontal trough measuring 120 feet long, 32 feet wide and 22 feet tall. NREL was asked by the PIA to review the mixing method in the digesters and analyze the overall potential success of the operation. The design employs a redundant system for foam removal from the digester gas, and has provisions to remove moisture from the biogas. However, there are no systems specified to reduce hydrogen sulfide levels. Since hydrogen sulfide is known to be corrosive, it may be destructive to the ultimate use as biogas in fuel cells. A suggested remedy from NREL is to add redundant iron sponge systems to remove hydrogen sulfide gases. A redundant system would allow regenerating one while the other is in service. In general, the lab found the design offers low construction costs, relative ease of operation, and a reasonably high level of anticipated success in operation. Therefore, NREL recommends proceeding with the current digester design plans, once the modifications as indicated are made.

Wittrup, L. [Sacramento Municipal Utility District, CA (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Unsupervised spoken keyword spotting and learning of acoustically meaningful units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of keyword spotting in audio data has been explored for many years. Typically researchers use supervised methods to train statistical models to detect keyword instances. However, such supervised methods require ...

Zhang, Yaodong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Isolation of High-Efficient Low-Temperature Methanogen and Comparation on Flora in Anaerobic Fermentation Production Biogas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the Hun gate anaerobic techniques, a low-temperature methanogen strain was isolated from sludge in De Qing Alpine region from Tibet, named XZF21. The colony is white, not transparent, Gram-negative, uses formate as the substrate forCH4 formation, ... Keywords: methane, purification, sludge, anaerobic fermentation, biogas

Fan Tingting; Wang Jinhua; Lei Yanmin; Liu Siying; Wang Zhi; Wang Yongze

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Structure-aware indexing for keyword search in databases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of existing methods of keyword search over relational databases find the Steiner trees composed of relevant tuples as the answers. They identify the Steiner trees by discovering the rich structural relationships between tuples, and neglect the fact ... Keywords: database, indexing, keyword search, ranking, tuple unit

Guoliang Li; Jianhua Feng; Jianyong Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Air Liquide - Biogas & Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Liquide - Biogas & Fuel Cells Liquide - Biogas & Fuel Cells â–  Hydrogen Energy â–  Biogas Upgrading Technology 12 June 2012 Charlie.Anderson@airliquide.com 2 Air Liquide, world leader in gases for industry, health and the environment Renewable H 2 to Fuel Cell, Integrated Concept Purified Biogas 3 Air Liquide, world leader in gases for industry, health and the environment Renewable H 2 to Fuel Cell, Non-Integrated Concept Landfill WWTP digester Biogas membrane Pipeline quality methane CH4 Pipeline Hydrogen Production To Fuel Cell Vehicles Stationary Fuel Cells With H2 purification Stationary Fuel Cells Direct Conversion Directed Biomethane 4 Air Liquide, world leader in gases for industry, health and the environment Biogas Sources in the US â–  Landfill gas dominates (~4,000 Nm3/h typical)

55

Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Agenda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BIOGAS AND FUEL CELLS WORKSHOP AGENDA BIOGAS AND FUEL CELLS WORKSHOP AGENDA National Renewable Energy Laboratory Research Support Facility, Beaver Creek Conference Room Golden, Colorado June 11-13, 2012 WORKSHOP OBJECTIVES: * Discuss current state-of-the art for biogas and waste-to-energy technologies for fuel cell applications. * Identify key challenges (both technical and non-technical) preventing or delaying the widespread near term deployment of biogas fuel cells projects. * Identify synergies and opportunities for biogas and fuel cell technologies. * Identify and prioritize opportunities to address the challenges, and determine roles and opportunities for both government and industry stakeholders. * Develop strategies for accelerating the use of biogas for stationary fuel cell power and/or

56

How China utilizes biogas in rural areas  

SciTech Connect

An outline is presented of how China utilizes biogas in rural areas. Already, 7,140,000 small biogas digesters have been built. Sichuan province has 4,160,000 digesters including about 20,000 large digesters which operate diesel engines to generate electricity. This is seen as the key area for further research and development. In rural areas, biogas is used principally for cooking and to power stationary units such as grinding mills, electric generators and crop driers.

Ji, M.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Biogas from waste in Belgium  

SciTech Connect

This article describes plans for a dry anaerobic composting plant in Brecht, Belgium. The new plant will utilize dry conditions and thermophilic temperatures to produce an average of 6 to 8 volumes of biogas per volume of reactor per day could be produced from vegetable, fruit, garden and paper waste, and a soil amendment from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste according to researchers.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Biogas production from a systems analytical perspective.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Anaerobic digestion and the production of biogas can provide an efficient means of meeting several objectives concerning energy, environmental and waste management policy. Interest in… (more)

Berglund, Maria

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Potential of Floriculture Residue For Biogas Production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Production of methane reach biogas through anaerobic digestion of organic material provides versatile carrier of renewable energy, as methane can be used in replacement for… (more)

TAMRAT, ASNAKE

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Two Different Approaches to Funding Farm-Based Biogas Projects...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Two Different Approaches to Funding Farm-Based Biogas Projects in Wisconsin and California Title Two Different Approaches to Funding Farm-Based Biogas Projects in Wisconsin and...

62

Roosevelt Biogas 1 Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Roosevelt Biogas 1 Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Roosevelt Biogas 1 Biomass...

63

Biogas Purification: H2S Removal using Biofiltration.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biogas, composed principally of methane, has limited use in energy generation due to the presence of hydrogen sulphide (H2S). Biogas cannot be burned directly in… (more)

Fischer, Mary Elizabeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

A New Method to Evaluate Hydrogen Sulfide Removal from Biogas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Hydrogen sulfide in biogas fuel increases the speed at which the system utilizing the biogas corrodes. This corrosion may be prevented by separating and removing… (more)

Martin, Jerry H II

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Biogas Potential in the United States (Fact Sheet), Energy Analysis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Analysis Biogas Potential in the United States Biogas is the gaseous product of anaerobic digestion, a biological process in which microorganisms break down biodegradable...

66

OpenEI/Tool/Keyword Cleanweb Hackathon | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIToolKeyword" with value "Cleanweb Hackathon" ActiveGreenScore + Badema + Clean Home Massachusetts + Divya...

67

Property:OpenEI/Tool/Keyword | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Keyword Keyword Jump to: navigation, search Property Name OpenEI/Tool/Keyword Property Type String Pages using the property "OpenEI/Tool/Keyword" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A ActiveGreenScore + Cleanweb Hackathon +, Boston +, Community Generated + Alternative Fueling Station Locator + Featured + Autonomie Automotive Simulation Tool + Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Tools + B BEST v2 + Challenge Generated +, Green Button Apps + BEopt + EERE tool +, BEopt + BITES + Featured + BIY - Budget It Yourself + Challenge Generated +, Green Button Apps + Badema + Cleanweb Hackathon +, Boston +, Community Generated + Bioenergy KDF + Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Tools + Biofuels Techno-Economic Models + EERE tool +, Biofuels Techno-Economic Models +

68

National Library of Energy : Main View : Search Results for Keyword...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Site Map Contact Us Enter Search Terms Search Advanced Search Search: Keyword: "oil shale" Did you mean ? Create new alert from this search Modify Search My Selections (0)...

69

National Library of Energy : Main View : Search Results for Keyword...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Site Map Contact Us Enter Search Terms Search Advanced Search Search: Keyword: "fission theory" Did you mean ? Create new alert from this search Modify Search My Selections (0)...

70

National Library of Energy : Main View : Search Results for Keyword...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Site Map Contact Us Enter Search Terms Search Advanced Search Search: Keyword: "plasma research" Did you mean ? Create new alert from this search Modify Search My Selections (0)...

71

Managing Manure with Biogas Recovery Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

emissions and capture biogas--a useful source of energy. About Anaerobic Digestion Biogas recovery systems are sometimes known as anaerobic digesters, because they use a process called anaerobic digestion. (Conventional lagoons oper- ate on the same biological principle.) During anaerobic digestion, bacteria break down

Mukhtar, Saqib

72

Liquid membrane purification of biogas  

SciTech Connect

Conventional gas purification technologies are highly energy intensive. They are not suitable for economic removal of CO{sub 2} from methane obtained in biogas due to the small scale of gas production. Membrane separation techniques on the other hand are ideally suited for low gas production rate applications due to their modular nature. Although liquid membranes possess a high species permeability and selectivity, they have not been used for industrial applications due to the problems of membrane stability, membrane flooding and poor operational flexibility, etc. A new hollow-fiber-contained liquid membrane (HFCLM) technique has been developed recently. This technique overcomes the shortcomings of the traditional immobilized liquid membrane technology. A new technique uses two sets of hydrophobic, microporous hollow fine fibers, packed tightly in a permeator shell. The inter-fiber space is filled with an aqueous liquid acting as the membrane. The feed gas mixture is separated by selective permeation of a species through the liquid from one fiber set to the other. The second fiber set carries a sweep stream, gas or liquid, or simply the permeated gas stream. The objectives (which were met) of the present investigation were as follows. To study the selective removal of CO{sub 2} from a model biogas mixture containing 40% CO{sub 2} (the rest being N{sub 2} or CH{sub 4}) using a HFCLM permeator under various operating modes that include sweep gas, sweep liquid, vacuum and conventional permeation; to develop a mathematical model for each mode of operation; to build a large-scale purification loop and large-scale permeators for model biogas separation and to show stable performance over a period of one month.

Majumdar, S.; Guha, A.K.; Lee, Y.T.; Papadopoulos, T.; Khare, S. (Stevens Inst. of Tech., Hoboken, NJ (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering)

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Biogas Production through the Syntrophic Acetate-Oxidising Pathway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biogas Production through the Syntrophic Acetate-Oxidising Pathway Characterisation and Detection Uppsala 2012 #12;Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae 2012:45 #12;Biogas production through 1.1 Aims of the thesis 12 2 Biogas production 15 2.1 Biogas production in Europe 16 2.2 Substrate

74

biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

0 biogas for rural communities TD390 Supervised learning: Study report Vaibhav Nasery Roll No. 08D highly successful rural biogas models wherein biogas is produced and utilized as a cooking fuel by the villagers. The two models studied are the Community Biogas plant established by SUMUL Dairy at Bhintbudrak

Sohoni, Milind

75

Keyword Proximity Search over Large and Complex RDF Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a keyword proximity search approach that can be applied to large and complex RDF database. We model RDF database as undirected data graph, construct three indexes for each data graph, only one index need be loaded into memory. ... Keywords: RDF, proximity, link join, node pruning

Zhen Niu; Hai-Tao Zheng; Yong Jiang; Shu-Tao Xia; Hui-Qiu Li

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Biogas, compost and fuel cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pilot project now under development in Folsom, California, incorporates an anaerobic digestion/aerobic composting process that could eventually supply enough biogas to a fuel cell. The Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) has two fuel cells in operation and is participating in the research project. Recently, the California Prison Industry Authority (PIA) began operating a processing facility at the Folsom prison, designed for 100 tons/day of mixed waste from the City of Folsom. The 35,000 square foot Correctional Resource Recovery Facility (CRRF) uses minimum security inmates from Folsom`s Return to Custody Facility to manually separate recyclables and compostable materials from the waste stream. The PIA will be using a new technology, high solids anaerobic digestion, to compost the organic fraction (representing approximately 60 to 70 percent of the waste stream). Construction began in June on a 40-foot wide by 120-foot long and 22-foot deep anaerobic digester. Once the vessel is operational in 1995, the composting process and the gradual breakdown of organic material will produce biogas, which SMUD hopes to use to power an adjacent two megawatt fuel cell. The electricity generated will serve SMUD customers, including the waste facility and nearby correctional institutions. 1 fig.

Wichert, B.; Wittrup, L.; Robel, R. [Sacramento Municipal Utility District, CA (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery - Masking the Environmental Consequences of Industrial Concentrated Livestock Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methane Digesters and Biogas Recovery-Masking theII. METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAs RECOVERY- IN THE2011] METHANE DIGESTERS AND BIOGAS RECOVERY methane, and 64%

Di Camillo, Nicole G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Assessment of Biogas-Fueled Electric Power Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an assessment of technologies, opportunities, and markets for generation of electricity from biogas sources. Topics covered include sources of biogas; typical characteristics of biogas as produced from various waste products; engines and associated equipment to convert biogas to electricity; electrical design and connection issues; and markets for heat and power produced by biogas to electricity systems. The report describes the process of anaerobic digestion for converting organic w...

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

Sludge storage lagoon biogas recovery and use  

SciTech Connect

The City of Memphis has two wastewater treatment plants. The SWTP employs two large anaerobic digestion sludge lagoons as part of the overall sludge treatment system. Although these lagoons are effective in concentrating and digesting sludge, they can generate offensive odors. The SWTP uses aerobic digesters to partially stabilize the sludge and help reduce objectionable odors before it enters the lagoons. The anaerobic digestion of sludge in the lagoons results in the dispersion of a large quantity of biogas into the atmosphere. The City realized that if the lagoons could be covered, the odor problem could be resolved, and at the same, time, biogas could be recovered and utilized as a source of energy. In 1987, the City commissioned ADI International to conduct a feasibility study to evaluate alternative methods of covering the lagoons and recovering and utilizing the biogas. The study recommended that the project be developed in two phases: (1) recovery of the biogas and (2) utilization of the biogas. Phase 1 consists of covering the two lagoons with an insulated membrane to control odor and temperature and collect the biogas. Phase 1 was found to be economically feasible and offered a unique opportunity for the City to save substantial operating costs at the treatment facility. The Memphis biogas recovery project is the only application in the world where a membrane cover has been used on a municipal wastewater sludge lagoon. It is also the largest lagoon cover system in the world.

Muller, D.; Norville, C. (Memphis and Shelby County Div. of Planning and Development, TN (United States))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Passive solar technology aids biogas digesters  

SciTech Connect

Farming communities throughout China rely on biogas generators as a primary source of light and heat, as well as using the sludge as a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. Now researchers at Beijing's Solar Energy Laboratory have improved efficiency by building a rectangular tank out of concrete slabs, with one slanted surface painted black and covered with glass. According to a report in New Scientist, this passive solar panel generates heat in the same way as a greenhouse, raising inside temperatures by 10{degree}C and increasing biogas production by 50%. Another advantage of the new tanks is easy access, since the tank's lid sites in wells of water which form a seal against oxygen. (Old biogas tanks were made of soil, sand and a little concrete, prone to developing severe cracks which would allow oxygen to enter thus slowing down anaerobic reaction). Explains Debora MacKenzie of New Scientist: with the new tank, the farmer can simply remove the lid and attack the contents with a spade. This means that the mixture can comprise more than 10% solids. Greater density allows smaller tanks. Rural families need one cubic meter of biogas daily for light and heat; instead of the former 8 cm biogas generator, the new tanks need only be 1 cm. The prediction is that the smaller size could make biogas more popular in China's crowded towns. The biogas department is headed by He Shao Qi, who is also investigating ways to reduce production costs for the tanks.

Not Available

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

OpenEI/PageKeyword Energy Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIPageKeyword" with value "Energy Incentives" Previous Results 1- 20 Next (20 | 50 | 100 | 250 | 500) 2003...

82

OpenEI/Tool/Keyword Boston | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIToolKeyword" with value "Boston" ActiveGreenScore + Badema + Clean Home Massachusetts + Divya Energy Solar...

83

OpenEI/PageKeyword solar lighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword solar lighting Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

84

OpenEI/PageKeyword Solar Installations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Special page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword Solar Installations Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property...

85

OpenEI/PageKeyword Electricity Tariffs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Special page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword Electricity Tariffs Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

86

OpenEI/PageKeyword Electricity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Special page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword Electricity Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

87

OpenEI/PageKeyword Electricity Rates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Special page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword Electricity Rates Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

88

Unsupervised spoken keyword spotting via segmental DTW on Gaussian posteriorgrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present an unsupervised learning framework to address the problem of detecting spoken keywords. Without any transcription information, a Gaussian Mixture Model is trained to label speech frames with a ...

Glass, James R.

89

OpenEI/PageKeyword energy savings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Special page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword energy savings Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

90

Deepening Treatment of the Low C/N Ratio Biogas Slurry at Mountainous Region Livestock Farming by Using Modified Two-Stage A/O System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intensive and fast development of livestock farming with ecological pattern of raising¨Cbiogas¨Cirrigating is widely applied in China. After anaerobic fermentation the agricultural wastes can provides clean energy. However, there is problem by lacking ... Keywords: livestock farming, biogas slurry, low C/N ratio, deepening treatment

Wei-wei Yu; Zhi Zhang; Sheng-lan Bi; Shu-yang Li; Chao Liu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Nonlinear adaptive control for bioreactors with unknown kinetics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a control problem for a single bioreaction occurring in a continuous and well-mixed bioreactor, assuming that the bioreaction's kinetics is not represented by a validated model. We develop a nonlinear controller and prove the global asymptotic ... Keywords: Continuous bioprocesses, Nonlinear adaptive control, Unknown kinetics, Wastewater treatment

Ludovic Mailleret; Olivier Bernard; Jean-Philippe Steyer

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Landfills Convert Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas on AddThis.com... May 25, 2013 Landfills Convert Biogas Into Renewable Natural Gas

93

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) held a Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop June 11-13, 2012, in...

94

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office:...

95

Directing exploratory search: reinforcement learning from user interactions with keywords  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Techniques for both exploratory and known item search tend to direct only to more specific subtopics or individual documents, as opposed to allowing directing the exploration of the information space. We present an interactive information retrieval system ... Keywords: adaptive interfaces, data mining, information filtering, machine learning, recommender systems

Dorota Glowacka; Tuukka Ruotsalo; Ksenia Konuyshkova; kumaripaba Athukorala; Samuel Kaski; Giulio Jacucci

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Search forKeyword More Make TBO your  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search forKeyword More · Make TBO your Home Page · Advertise with us · Web site feedback Welcome in Comcast after its stock dropped 12 percent. WORLD Oil Sets Record Oil prices set a new record Tuesday. Light crude for September delivery climbed 70 cents to $46.75 in New York trading. On an inflation

Richardson, Martin C.

97

Top-K nearest keyword search on large graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is quite common for networks emerging nowadays to have labels or textual contents on the nodes. On such networks, we study the problem of top-k nearest keyword (k-NK) search. In a network G modeled as an undirected graph, each node is ...

Miao Qiao, Lu Qin, Hong Cheng, Jeffrey Xu Yu, Wentao Tian

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Handbook for Utility Participation in Biogas-Fueled Electric Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogas is a methane-rich gas produced from the controlled biological degradation of organic wastes. Biogas is produced as part of the treatment of four general classes of wet waste streams: Wastewater Treatment Plant Sludge Animal Manure Industrial Wastes Municipal Solid Waste in Sealed Landfills. The high methane content of biogas makes it suitable for fueling electric power generation. As energy prices increase, generation of electric power form biogas becomes increasingly attractive and the number of ...

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

99

Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas from Separated slurry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas from Separated slurry Lorie Hamelin, Marianne Wesnæs and Henrik AND ALTERNATIVES 28 2.2.1 Reference Scenario (Scenario A) 28 2.2.2 Biogas from raw pig slurry and fibre fraction from chemical- mechanical separation (Scenario F) 29 2.2.3 Biogas from raw cow slurry and fibre

100

5. oktober 2009 Precision control of biogas plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5. oktober 2009 Precision control of biogas plants Final report Henrik B. Møller, Anders M. Nielsen: "Precision control of biogas plants", J. Nr. 33031-0028, funded by EUDP 2005. The final report consists. Danish summary of the results: Det har været formålet at udvikle drift og design af biogas anlæg med

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Why Sequencea Biogas-Producing Microbial Community?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Biogas-Producing Microbial Community? a Biogas-Producing Microbial Community? The world population is steadily growing, and so is the amount of waste produced by human activity. For example, an estimated 236 million tons of municipal solid waste are produced annually in the U.S., 50% of which is biomass. At the same time, energy sources are rapidly depleting. Converting organic waste to renewable biofuel by anaerobic digestion hence represents one appealing option to mitigate this problem. Biogas is a natural by-product of the decomposition of organic matter in an oxygen-free environment and comprises primarily methane and carbon dioxide. This naturally occurring process has been known for more than a century. More recently, it has been gaining importance as more efficient anaerobic digestion technologies have been developed to treat and recover energy (in

102

Fuel Cells on Bio-Gas (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The conclusions of this presentation are: (1) Fuel cells operating on bio-gas offer a pathway to renewable electricity generation; (2) With federal incentives of $3,500/kW or 30% of the project costs, reasonable payback periods of less than five years can be achieved; (3) Tri-generation of electricity, heat, and hydrogen offers an alternative route to solving the H{sub 2} infrastructure problem facing fuel cell vehicle deployment; and (4) DOE will be promoting bio-gas fuel cells in the future under its Market Transformation Programs.

Remick, R. J.

2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

103

Process for electric power production using a biogas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A process is described for the production of electric power with a biogas used as a fuel for an electric power producing combustion turbine which drives a generator. The turbine will accept such a biogas only at a temperature below a predetermined temperature, wherein a biomass is gasified to produce a hot stream of a biogas. The biogas is at temperatures of between about 650/sup 0/-875/sup 0/C and contains vaporized tar components and solid particulate matter. It is characterized in that: the hot stream of biogas, consisting essentially of a biogas, vaporized tars and solid particulate matter, has water injected thereto partially cool the biogas to a temperature below the predetermined temperature by vaporization of the water. However, the biogas is above a temperature at which the vaporized tars in the biogas would condense out of the stream; filtering the partially cooled biogas to remove the particulate matter; and directly charging the partially cooled, filtered biogas containing the vaporized water and vaporized tars to an electric power producing combustion turbine to produce electric power.

Archer, D.H.; Bauer, F.I.; Vidt, E.J.

1987-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

104

Quebec Biogas Program (Quebec, Canada) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quebec Biogas Program (Quebec, Canada) Quebec Biogas Program (Quebec, Canada) Quebec Biogas Program (Quebec, Canada) < Back Eligibility Industrial Program Info Funding Source Government of Quebec State Quebec Program Type Grant Program Provider Bureau des changements climatiques, Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs In 2005, the Quebec government adopted a regulation aimed to minimize the impact of biogas from landfills. The Regulation is in respect to landfills and incineration of residual materials, particularly those that bury more than 50,000 tons of waste per year, to capture the biogas ideally enhance or eliminate them. The Quebec government created the Biogas Program to financially support projects to capture or dispose of biogas from landfill sites not covered by

105

Preventing Biogas Generation in Low Level Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of U.S. utilities have experienced gassing in radwaste, with a few encountering the refusal and return of resin shipments from the Barnwell disposal site due to this problem. This report describes actions that can be taken to control and prevent biogas generation in waste containers and plant systems.

1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

106

Utilization of farm-produced biogas  

SciTech Connect

Utilization of biogas for production of heat and electricity is discussed on basis of tests of various types of components. The necessary conversions and readjustments of boilers and four types of engines (motor-generators) are reported. The amount of available energy and suitable generator size is related to herd size and mode of operation. 13 refs.

Persson, S.P.E.; Bartlett, H.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

UNKNOWN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

DOI: 10.10071~00267-004-0126-6 DOI: 10.10071~00267-004-0126-6 Science, Policy, and Stakeholders: Developing a Consensus Science Plan for Amchitka Island, Aleutians, Alaska JOANNABURGER Division of Life Sciences Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation (CRESP) and Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI) Rutgers University Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8082, USA MICHAEL GOCHFELD CRESP and EOHSI UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA DAVID S. KOSSON Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering CRESP and Vanderbilt University Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA CHARLES W. POWERS BARRY FRIEDLANDER CRESP and EOHSI UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School Piscataway, New Jersey 08854, USA JOHN EICHELBERGER

108

UNKNOWN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

JOURNAL OF JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL Journal of ELSEVIER Environmental Radioactivity 60 (2002) 165-187 RADIOACTIVITY An assessment of the reported leakage of anthropogenic radionuclides from the underground nuclear test sites at Amchitka Island, Alaska, USA to the surface environment Douglas Dashera3*, Wayne ans son^, Stan Reada, Scott FalleS, Dennis Farmerc, Wes ~ f u r d ~ , John Kelleye, Robert patrickf " Aluska Department o f Etz~~ironmental Conservation, 610 Liniversitj Avenue, Fairbanks, AK 99709, U S A ~ a t ~ s o n Environmentul Research Sercice, Inc.,I902 Yew Street Rd., Bellingham, W A 98226, U S A ' U . S . Encironmental Protection Agency Radiation and Indoor Encironments National Laboratory, P.O. Box 98517, La.r P'egrrs, N V 89193, U S A d ~ o s Alatnos Nationnl Laboratorj, Clzemical Science and Technology, M

109

UNKNOWN  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

(1) The contamination may be too great, (2) suitable or cost-effec- tive remediation technologies may not currently be available, (3) remediation may impose too great a risk...

110

Text analysis of MEDLINE for discovering functional relationships among genes: evaluation of keyword extraction weighting schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the key challenges of microarray studies is to derive biological insights from the gene-expression patterns. Clustering genes by functional keyword association can provide direct information about the functional links among genes. However, ... Keywords: BEA-PARTITION, DNA microarray lists, MEDLINE, bioinformatics, clustering analysis, data mining, gene clustering, gene expression patterns, information extraction, keyword association, keyword extraction, keyword weighting, text analysis

Ying Liu; Shamkant B. Navathe; Alex Pivoshenko; Venu G. Dasigi; Ray Dingledine; Brian J. Ciliax

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Blind separation with unknown number of sources based on auto-trimmed neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on blind source separation with an unknown number of sources, which is the case generally assumed in most practical applications. Several over-determined neural algorithms (more sensors m than sources n) have been proposed to solve ... Keywords: Auto-trimmed neural network, Blind source separation (BSS), Unknown number of sources

Tsung-Ying Sun; Chan-Cheng Liu; Sheng-Ta Hsieh; Shang-Jeng Tsai

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Distributed model-invariant detection of unknown inputs in networked systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work considers hypothesis testing in networked systems under severe lack of prior knowledge. In previous work we derived a centralized Uniformly Most Powerful Invariant (UMPI) approach to testing unknown inputs in unknown Linear Time Invariant (LTI) ... Keywords: invariant testing, networked systems

James Weimer; Damiano Varagnolo; Karl Henrik Johansson

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Bi-parameter incremental unknowns ADI iterative methods for elliptic problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bi-parameter incremental unknowns (IU) alternating directional implicit (ADI) iterative methods are proposed for solving elliptic problems. Condition numbers of the coefficient matrices for these iterative schemes are carefully estimated. Theoretical ... Keywords: Bi-parameter ADI iterative method, Condition number, Convergence analysis, Incremental unknowns

Aili Yang; Yujiang Wu; Yongqing Wu; Dawei Ren

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. Natural Gas / Air Blenders for BioGas Installations BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting - October 20-21, 2010 Rapid City, SD 1 BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Wolfgang H. Driftmeier Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. 210 Prospect Park - Peachtree City, GA 30269 wdriftmeier@altenergy.com www.altenergy.com 770 - 487 - 8596 Alternate Energy Systems, Inc. Natural Gas / Air Blenders for BioGas Installations BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Federal Utility Partnership Working Group Meeting - October 20-21, 2010 Rapid City, SD 2 BioGas Project Applications for Federal Agencies and Utilities Objective

115

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGIA: International Network on Gender and Sustainability Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.energia.org/fileadmin/files/media/pubs/Guide%20on%20gender%20mains Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program Screenshot References: Gender Mainstreaming Guide for the Africa Biogas Partnership Program[1] Overview "The Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP) is a six country initiative

116

Biogas Impurities and Cleanup for Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Impurities and Cleanup for Fuel Cells Impurities and Cleanup for Fuel Cells Dennis Papadias and Shabbir Ahmed Argonne National Laboratory Presented at the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Golden, CO June 11-13, 2012 Biogas is the product of anaerobic decomposition of organic waste Municipal solid wastes (MSW)  For every 1 million tons of MSW: - 432,000 cubic feet per day of landfill gas (LFG) for a period of 20 years - 1 MW of electricity 1 Sewage sludge/waste water (WWTP or ADG)  A typical WWTP processes 100 gallons per day (GD) for every person served - 1 cubic foot of digester gas can be produced per 100 gallons of wastewater  100 kW of electricity 1 can be generated from 4.5 MGD of waste water Agricultural waste (i.e. dairy waste)  About 70-100 ft 3 /day of digester gas is produced

117

Biomass/Biogas | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass/Biogas Biomass/Biogas < Biomass Jump to: navigation, search Agricultural residues are defined as the residues from production of the following crops. * Corn * Wheat * Soybeans * Cotton * Sorghum * Barley * Oats * Rice * Rye * Canola * Beans * Peas * Peanuts * Potatoes * Safflower * Sunflower * Sugarcane * Flaxseed Forest residues are defined as logging residues and other removals. These include material already utilized as well as material that is disposed as waste. Logging residues are the unused portions of trees cut by logging (tops and branches) and left to be burned or decay in the woods. Other removals include trees removed as a part of thinning projects, land clearings, and forest health uses that are not directly associated with round wood product harvests. Primary mill residues include wood materials

118

Biogas digesters in the Peoples Republic of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is a report on the use of biogas in China. The authors traveled in China from May 8 to June 12, 1982 during which time they visited several institutes doing research on biogas and many communes where biogas was produced and used. About 7,000,000 digesters are in actual use in China almost all of which are the small household type used for cooking and lighting.

Liljedahl, J.B.; Butler, J.; Caldwell, J.S.; Tyner, W.E.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Biogas Potential in the United States (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Biogas has received increased attention as an alternative energy source in the United States. The factsheet provides information about the biogas (methane) potential from various sources in the country (by county and state) and estimates the power generation and transportation fuels production (renewable natural gas) potential from these biogas sources. It provides valuable information to the industry, academia and policy makers in support of their future decisions.

Not Available

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Biogas - future fuel for power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current fuel cells mix natural gas with steam to release hydrogen, which enters the fuel cell and combines with oxygen in the air. This formation of water is a chemical reaction which releases energy and heat. SMUD already has two 200 kw fuel cells in operation. SMUD`s desire to use alternative and renewable fuel sources is prompting research into using biogas as a cogenerator.

NONE

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Biogas as a source of rural energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, with nearly 2.15 million cattle and 0.7 million buffalo, has the potential to install 0.64 million biogas plants of 1 m{sup 3} size. These plants could generate nearly 4.90 x 105 m{sup 3} of biogas, equivalent to 3.07 x 10{sup 5} L kerosene per day to meet domestic energy needs of nearly one-fourth of its rural population. During 1982--1998, only 12.8% of this potential was achieved. The percent of possible potential achieved in plant installations in 12 districts of this state, namely, Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Kinnaur, Kullu, Lahul-Spiti, Mandi, Shimla, Sirmour, Solan, and Una, are 35.35, 1.70, 20.96, 8.67, 1.54, 6.96, 0.00, 18.49, 3.84, 8.521, 18.29, and 13.23%, respectively. There is a need to strengthen biogas promotion, particularly in the districts of Kangra, Mandi, Solan, and Una, which range from mid-hill to low-hill terrain and which have large potential due to high concentration of bovine population. Increased costs and comparatively low rate of subsidies has resulted in a decreasing rate of plant installation annually, from 3,500 during 1987--1992 to fewer than 1,200 during 1995--1998. The percentage of functioning plants was 82% in 1987--1988 but has decreased to 63%. To ensure proper installation and functionality of plants, the authors discuss the needed improvements in the biogas promotion program.

Kalia, A.K.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Biogas engines for agricultural motor-generators  

SciTech Connect

Tests were run on biogas, natural gas and liquid fuel with four engines of 1.1 and 2.8 L displacement at 1800 rpm, intended for motor-generators. One engine was diesel engine modified to high compression spark-ignition. Optimum timing, fuel consumption and knocking were determined at various load levels between full load and idling. Considerable differences in efficiency were found. Recommendations are given on choice, equipment and operation. 13 refs.

Persson, S.P.E.; Bartlett, H.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Biogas yield and quality improvement and purification with natural minerals.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Research goal and objective. To investigate the possibilities of the use of mineral raw materials of local origin for the purification of biogas produced from… (more)

?iutelyt?, R?ta

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

A technoeconomic assessment of solar-assisted biogas systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogas has been recognized as one of the best available renewable and decentralized sources of energy and organic fertilizer for a country like India. There is enough evidence to prove that temperature has a profound influence on the rate of biogas production. In temperate climates, where the winters are mild, solar energy systems can be effectively used to increase the temperature of the biogas digester to the desired level. This paper examines various techniques, such as a solar greenhouse on the biogas digester, a shallow solar pond water heater, insulation, and a heat exchanger, and their technoeconomic viability.

Bansal, N.K. (Centre of Energy Studies Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi Hauz Khas, New Delhi-110016 (IN))

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Biogas production through the syntrophic acetate-oxidising pathway.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biogas produced from wastes, residues and energy crops has promising potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to secure future energy supply. Methane is the… (more)

Westerholm, Maria

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

The private biogas sector in Tanzania: The companies are coming.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abstract Biogas is a form of renewable energy that can be used on a small scale. This is ideal for rural areas that are far… (more)

Dijkstra, A.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

BIOGAS PRODUCTION SYSTEM DESIGN FOR CONDOMINIUM AND ITS FEASIBILITY.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The research is concerned with designing of Biogas Production System for Condominium and studying its Feasibility by crosschecking field survey and information from literatures. The… (more)

Bekele, Gaddisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Techno-socio-economic study of bio-gas plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study covers technological, social and economic aspects of the biogas program in Chitawan, Nepal. Many interesting facts are revealed which may be useful for future planning of Nepalese biogas programs. Concerning the social aspects, only big farmers (having more than 4 bighas of land and more than 10 domestic animals) were found to have biogas plants. No farmer who had a biogas plant was illiterate. As for the technical aspects of the total gas ovens used in the area, 66% were of BTI design. Most of the ovens were of 0.45-m/sup 3/ capacity. The life of BTI ovens was found to be shorter than the life of ovens of other companies. BTI ovens are not useful when farmers have to use a big pot for cooking. All farmers of the area were found to be convinced of the utility of the biogas plant. With regard to the economic aspects of using biogas plants, farmers were able to save 53% of the total expenditure which they had been spending for fuel. Wood consumption was reduced to 50% by using biogas. The internal rate of return of a 2.8-m/sup 3/ biogas plant was found to be 14% assuming that the plant would last for 20 years. Most of the farmers in the area did not have biogas plants. The main reason given was that there were not enough capital and cattle to begin such an operation.

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Potential for biogas production fromslaughter houses residues in Bolivia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Residues from slaughter houses offer an abundant resource in Bolivia. The residues can beused for biogas production with biofertilizer as a bi-product. These resources… (more)

Tesfaye Tefera, Tadious

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Pretreaments of Chinese Agricultural residues to increase biogas production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Development of biological conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to biogas is one approach to utilize straw comprehensively. However, high lignin contents of lignocellulosic materials results… (more)

Wang, Yu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Simulation, optimization and instrumentation of agricultural biogas plants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??During the last two decades, the production of renewable energy by anaerobic digestion (AD) in biogas plants has become increasingly popular due to its applicability… (more)

Wolf, Christian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program (Illinois) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

modified on December 6, 2012. Financial Incentive Program Place Illinois Name Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program Incentive Type State Grant Program Applicable Sector...

133

State Level Incentives for Biogas-Fuel Cell Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LEVEL INCENTIVES LEVEL INCENTIVES FOR BIOGAS-FUEL CELL PROJECTS Norma McDonald Vice Chair, American Biogas Council North American Sales Manager, Organic Waste Systems, Inc. www.americanbiogascouncil.org FIGURES * FOUNDED IN 1988 * SALES: $25-35 MILLION * 75 EMPLOYEES ACTIVITIES * BIOGAS CONSULTANCY & SUPPORT * BIODEGRADATION TESTING AND WASTE MANAGEMENT CONSULTANCY * DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION OF ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS FOR ORGANIC WASTE AND RESIDUALS * NO FORMAL STATE CHAPTERS - YET * MEMBER DRIVEN EFFORTS * LOCAL "TOUCH" IS ESSENTIAL * REAPPLY BEST PRACTICES/POLICIES * PROMOTE/ADVOCATE FOR POLICY PARITY FOR BIOGAS www.americanbiogascouncil.org DYNAMICS SHAPING STATE INCENTIVES * BUDGET WOES, ARRA FUNDS NOW RUNNING OUT

134

Evaluation of magnetic biomass carriers for biogas production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis evaluates a novel technique to increase the active biomass inside continuously stirred tank biogas reactors with possible benefits of shorter retention times,… (more)

Moestedt Hellman, Jan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Climate balance of biogas upgrading systems  

SciTech Connect

One of the numerous applications of renewable energy is represented by the use of upgraded biogas where needed by feeding into the gas grid. The aim of the present study was to identify an upgrading scenario featuring minimum overall GHG emissions. The study was based on a life-cycle approach taking into account also GHG emissions resulting from plant cultivation to the process of energy conversion. For anaerobic digestion two substrates have been taken into account: (1) agricultural resources and (2) municipal organic waste. The study provides results for four different upgrading technologies including the BABIU (Bottom Ash for Biogas Upgrading) method. As the transport of bottom ash is a critical factor implicated in the BABIU-method, different transport distances and means of conveyance (lorry, train) have been considered. Furthermore, aspects including biogas compression and energy conversion in a combined heat and power plant were assessed. GHG emissions from a conventional energy supply system (natural gas) have been estimated as reference scenario. The main findings obtained underlined how the overall reduction of GHG emissions may be rather limited, for example for an agricultural context in which PSA-scenarios emit only 10% less greenhouse gases than the reference scenario. The BABIU-method constitutes an efficient upgrading method capable of attaining a high reduction of GHG emission by sequestration of CO{sub 2}.

Pertl, A., E-mail: andreas.pertl@boku.ac.a [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 107, A-1190 Wien (Austria); Mostbauer, P.; Obersteiner, G. [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 107, A-1190 Wien (Austria)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

Biogas upgrade through exhaust gas reforming process for use in CI engines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biogas is not ideal for combustion in diesel engines mainly due to its low energy content. The upgrading of biogas into high quality syngas through… (more)

Lau, Chia Sheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Achieving Low Emissions from a Biogas Fuelled SI Engine Using a Catalytic Converter.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A spark ignition engine was retrofitted to operate on biogas fuel. Biogas was synthetically generated through the mixing of various pure gases. The air-fuel ratio… (more)

Tadrous, Mark

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Mason and Enterprise Development under the Biogas Program in Vietnam: An Impact Study of the Effects of the Biogas Program.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The research proposed to analyze the impact of a renewable energy project entitled ‘The Biogas Project Program for the department of Animal Husbandry and livestock… (more)

Schaart, I.G.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Preventing Biogas Generation in Low Level Waste: Interim Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This interim report describes actions that can be taken to control and prevent biogas generation in waste containers and plant systems. In addition, it describes additional work in progress that will form the basis for the final report. This research was undertaken in response to nuclear power stations experiencing biogas generation from plant systems and low level waste containers.

1997-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

140

Biogas Potential on Long Island, New York: A Quantification Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogas is the product of anaerobic digestion of waste, whether occurring spontaneously in landfills or under controlled conditions in digesters. Biogas is viewed as an important energy source in current efforts to reduce the use of fossil fuels and dependency on imported resources. Several studies on the assessment of biogas potential have been made at regional, national, and global scales. However, because it is not economically feasible to transport biogas feedstock over long distances, it is more appropriate to consider local waste sources for their potential to produce biogas. An assessment of the biogas potential on Long Island, based on the review of local landfills, wastewater treatment plants, solid waste generation and management, and agricultural waste, found that 234 x 10{sup 6} m{sup 3} of methane (CH{sub 4}) from biogas might be harvestable, although substantial barriers for complete exploitation exist. This number is equivalent to 2.52 TW-h of electricity, approximately 12% of fossil fuel power generation on Long Island. This work can serve as a template for other areas to rapidly create or approximate biogas potentials, especially for suburban U.S. locations that are not usually thought of as sources of renewable energy.

Mahajan, D.; Patel, S.; Tonjes, D.

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Crop residue conversion to biogas by dry fermentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple 'dry fermentation' process has been developed that may enable economical conversion of drier crop residues to biogas. Results from two years of process definition and scale-up to a 110 m/sup 3/ prototype show that biogas production rates exceeding those necessary to make the dry fermentor competitive have been achieved. 13 refs.

Jewell, W.J.; Dell'Orto, S.; Fanfoni, K.J.; Fast, S.J.; Jackson, D.A.; Kabrick, R.M.; Gottung, E.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Co-generation of electricity and heat from biogas  

SciTech Connect

Biogas powered co-generation of electricity and hot water is being documented in a full scale demonstration with a 25 kW capacity system. The performance characteristics and effects of operating on biogas for 1400 hours are presented in this paper.

Koelsch, R.K.; Cummings, R.J.; Harrison, C.E.; Jewell, W.J.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Project Summary Full Title: Stranded Biogas Decision Tool for Fuel Cell Co-Production Project ID: 257 Principal Investigator: Michael Ulsh Brief Description: This project will explore the feasibility and utility of using stranded biogas resources in fuel cell co-production networks as well as lay the basis for development of analysis and decision-making tools for potential biogas sources and energy end-users to evaluate the economic feasibility of deploying these systems. Performer Principal Investigator: Michael Ulsh Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Address: 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 Telephone: 303-275-3842 Email: michael.ulsh@nrel.gov Website: http://www.nrel.gov

144

Technoeconomic Analysis of Biomethane Production from Biogas and Pipeline Delivery (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes "A Technoeconomic Analysis of Biomethane Production from Biogas and Pipeline Delivery".

Jalalzadeh-Azar, A.

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

145

OpenEI/PageKeyword green home designs | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIPageKeyword" with value "green home designs" Gateway:Incentives and Policies + Property: OpenEIPageKeyword...

146

OpenEI/PageKeyword solar home heating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIPageKeyword" with value "solar home heating" Gateway:Solar + Property: OpenEIPageKeyword Value: solar home...

147

OpenEI/PageKeyword green home plans | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIPageKeyword" with value "green home plans" Gateway:Incentives and Policies + Property: OpenEIPageKeyword...

148

OpenEI/PageKeyword home solar panels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIPageKeyword" with value "home solar panels" Gateway:Solar + Property: OpenEIPageKeyword Value: home solar...

149

OpenEI/PageKeyword home solar power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIPageKeyword" with value "home solar power" Gateway:Solar + Property: OpenEIPageKeyword Value: home solar...

150

Self Managing Top-k (Summary, Keyword) Indexes in XML Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retrieval queries that combine structural constraints with keyword search represent a significant challenge to XML data management systems. Queries are expected to be answered as efficiently and effectively as in traditional keyword search, while satisfying ...

Mariano P. Consens; Xin Gu; Yaron Kanza; Flavio Rizzolo

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Sludge storage lagoon biogas recovery and use. Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The City of Memphis has two wastewater treatment plants. The SWTP employs two large anaerobic digestion sludge lagoons as part of the overall sludge treatment system. Although these lagoons are effective in concentrating and digesting sludge, they can generate offensive odors. The SWTP uses aerobic digesters to partially stabilize the sludge and help reduce objectionable odors before it enters the lagoons. The anaerobic digestion of sludge in the lagoons results in the dispersion of a large quantity of biogas into the atmosphere. The City realized that if the lagoons could be covered, the odor problem could be resolved, and at the same, time, biogas could be recovered and utilized as a source of energy. In 1987, the City commissioned ADI International to conduct a feasibility study to evaluate alternative methods of covering the lagoons and recovering and utilizing the biogas. The study recommended that the project be developed in two phases: (1) recovery of the biogas and (2) utilization of the biogas. Phase 1 consists of covering the two lagoons with an insulated membrane to control odor and temperature and collect the biogas. Phase 1 was found to be economically feasible and offered a unique opportunity for the City to save substantial operating costs at the treatment facility. The Memphis biogas recovery project is the only application in the world where a membrane cover has been used on a municipal wastewater sludge lagoon. It is also the largest lagoon cover system in the world.

Muller, D.; Norville, C. [Memphis and Shelby County Div. of Planning and Development, TN (United States)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

BioGas Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BioGas Energy Inc BioGas Energy Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name BioGas Energy Inc Address 4509 Interlake Ave N # 222 Place Seattle, Washington Zip 98103 Sector Biomass Product Makes anaerobic digesters that convert manure into methane for fuel Website http://www.biogas-energy.com/s Coordinates 47.6163159°, -122.3463563° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6163159,"lon":-122.3463563,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

153

EA-1907: Biogas Anaerobic Digester Facility, Oakley, Kansas | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

907: Biogas Anaerobic Digester Facility, Oakley, Kansas 907: Biogas Anaerobic Digester Facility, Oakley, Kansas EA-1907: Biogas Anaerobic Digester Facility, Oakley, Kansas Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal by DOE and USDA to provide funding to Western Plains Energy, LLC (WPE) to construct, purchase equipment, and operate a new Biogas Anaerobic Digester at WPE's existing Ethanol Facility, located at 3022 County Road 18, Grinnell Township (Oakley), Gove County, Kansas. The proposed facility will include a receiving building, digester, and related infrastructure. Based on the analysis in USDA's Final EA and FONSI, DOE has determined that DOE's proposed action does not constitute a major Federal action that would significantly affect the quality of the human or natural environment.

154

Profile and perceptions of biogas as automobile fuel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? From an environmental- and health perspective, biogas and other biomass-based fuels have several advantages; nevertheless the majority of motorists fill their cars with petroleum-based… (more)

Larsson, Anneli

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Profile and Perceptions of Biogas as Automobile Fuel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? From an environmental- and health perspective, biogas and other biomass-based fuels have several advantages; nevertheless the majority of motorists fill their cars with petroleum-based… (more)

Larsson, Anneli

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program Biogas and Biomass to Energy Grant Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Energy Sources Maximum Rebate Feasibility Studies: $2,500 Biogas to Energy Systems: $225,000 Biomass to Energy Systems: $500,000 Program Info Start Date 12/16/1997 State Illinois Program Type State Grant Program Rebate Amount Up to 50% of project cost Provider University of Illinois at Chicago '''The most recent application period closed April 30, 2012. Check the program web site for updates on future solicitations. ''' The Renewable Energy Resources Program (RERP) promotes the development of

157

An economic evaluation of community size biogas plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Economic evaluation of community size biogas plants has been performed in terms of the cost of the gas produced from such systems. The analysis takes into account the initial investment, life time, interest rate, maintenance cost and operating cost. Numerical calculations corresponding to 8 biogas systems show that if the manure can be sold at a price of Rs. 100 per ton, the pay back period varies from 3 to 6 years.

Sharma, J.P.; Vasudevan, P.; Bansal, N.K.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

An autonomous hybrid robot system to navigate through unknown maze environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a fully complete autonomous hybrid robot system, named YAM (Yet Another Mouse), that is able to navigate through an unknown maze environment. YAM effectively tackles the problem of how to represent the environment using its sensor ... Keywords: intelligent agents, knowledge representation, path planning, robot competitions

Pedro Ribeiro

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Boosting-based ensemble learning with penalty setting profiles for automatic Thai unknown word recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A boosting-based ensemble learning can be used to improve classification accuracy by using multiple classification models constructing to cope with errors obtained from preceding steps. This paper presents an application of the boosting-based ensemble ... Keywords: boosting technique, data mining, ensemble learning, unknown word recognition, word boundary detection

Jakkrit TeCho; Cholwich Nattee; Thanaruk Theeramunkong

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Brief paper: Suboptimal control of linear stochastic multivariable systems with unknown parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm is proposed for suboptimal control of linear multivariable systems with unknown parameters and output noise covariances. This algorithm is based on the idea of explicitly separating the functions of identification, estimation and control. ... Keywords: Kalman filters, Multivariable control systems, canonical forms, controllability, discrete time systems, observability, parameter estimation, state estimation, state space methods, stochastic control

H. El-Sherief; N. K. Sinha

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Robust 3D Face Tracking on Unknown Users with Dynamical Active Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Active Appearance Models [1] and the derived Active Models (AM) [4] allow to robustly track the face of a single user that was previously learnt, but works poorly with multiple or unknown users. Our research aims at improving the tracking robustness ... Keywords: Active Appearance Models, Face Animation, Face Tracking, Virtual Reality

Dianle Zhou; Patrick Horain

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Help - Keywords  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Name Conference Name Subject Table of Contents, if available Enter one or more search terms in any order. Use the asterisk (*) to truncate a word. (For example,...

163

Title: Net Energy Ratio and Greenhouse Gas Analysis of a Biogas Power Plant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a Biogas Power Plant Author: W. Bauer Author Affiliation: Department and greenhouse gas analysis for a 1.45 MW (0.71 MW electrical) biogas power plant

Bauer, Wolfgang

164

Combining statistical data analysis techniques to extract topical keyword classes from corpora  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an unsupervised method for the generation from a textual corpus of sets of keywords, that is, words whose occurrences in a text are strongly connected with the presence of a given topic. Each of these classes is associated with one of the ... Keywords: Statistical Data Analysis, Topic Characterization, Topic Detection, Unsupervised Classification

Mathias Rossignol; Pascale Sébillot

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Biogas end-use in the European community  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Europe over the past few years the generation of biogas for energy and environmental purposes has been gaining in importance. Industrial wastewaters, cattle manure, sewage sludges, urban wastes, crop residues, algae and aquatic biomass are all typical of the materials being utilized. In contrast to the extensive inventory of biomethanation processes which has been carried out within the EEC, until recently a detailed, up-to-date investigation of the end-sues of biogas had not been undertaken. To supply the necessary information, the Commission of the European Communities and the Belgian Science Policy Office jointly entrusted a study to the Unit of Bioengineering at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium. This book is record of the study and has the following key features: it gives a broad overview of the ongoing use of biogas in Europe; it summarizes available data on storage, purification and engines using biogas; it draws several conclusions concerning the technical and economic viability of the processes; it discusses the problems of using biogas; and it outlines recommendations and future R and D and demonstration projects in the field.

Constant, M.; Naveau, H.; Nyns, E.J. (Unite de Genie Biologique, Universite Catholique de Louvain (BE)); Ferrero, G.L.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Ilchmann, Achim; Pahl, M. : Adaptive Multivariable pH Regulation of a Biogas Tower Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ilchmann, Achim; Pahl, M. : Adaptive Multivariable pH Regulation of a Biogas Tower Reactor Zuerst. The adaptive controller was successlullytesteclover il pcriod of tu'o nonths at a biogas tower reuetoriu pilot are not applicable to the biogas tower reüctor.since a dontinatingf-eatureof the new reactol' prir-rciplc-is its

Knobloch,Jürgen

167

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 206 Risk assessment of biogas exposure in kitchens  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2009 Paper 206 Risk assessment of biogas exposure in kitchens C to pollutants while using biogas for cooking was assessed following the methodology described by the US - National Research Council. Information of hazardous compounds and compositions of several biogas types were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Two Different Approaches to Funding Farm-Based Biogas Projects in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two Different Approaches to Funding Farm-Based Biogas Projects in Wisconsin and California Kevin in developing biogas projects from livestock manure, but have targeted this renewable energy application the energy, economic, and environmental benefits of biogas systems and act as a catalyst for the development

169

OpenEI/PageKeyword home energy efficiency | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEIPageKeyword" with value "home energy efficiency" Gateway:Incentives and Policies + Property: OpenEI...

170

OpenEI/PageKeyword solar power lighting | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword solar power lighting Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

171

OpenEI/PageKeyword Utility Rate Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

page Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon OpenEIPageKeyword Utility Rate Database Jump to: navigation, search A list of all pages that have property "OpenEI...

172

Uppgradering av biogas i systemperspektiv med avseende på miljöpåverkan och kostnader; Biogas upgrading in a systems perspective with respect to environmental impact and economic cost.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Swedish biogas is currently produced mainly by anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge at sewage treatment plants, landfills and anaerobic digestion of household or industrial… (more)

Kovac, Elvedin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Biogas-Fueled Distributed Generation: Three Manure Digester Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogas produced from the anaerobic digestion of livestock waste can provide electrical and thermal energy while solving environmental challenges, including waste management and greenhouse gas reduction. The three manure digester gas projects described in this report demonstrate the potential of such systems to provide co-generated power and heat.

2004-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

174

Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Eco  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Ecosystems: Keyword index to citations in "Bibliography on CO2 Effects on Vegetation and Ecosystems: 1990-1999 Literature" (Michael H. Jones and Peter S. Curtis, editors), ORNL/CDIAC-129, July 2000 (http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/epubs/cdiac/cdiac129/cdiac129.html) Numbers following each keyword refer to the numbers preceding the citations in the WordPerfect and ASCII text listings of the bibliography. 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE 1965 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE 98, 878 1,5-BISPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE OXYGENASE 370 1,5-DIPHOSPHATE CARBOXYLASE 253 16S RDNA 1452 18TH-CENTURY ENGLAND 45 1989 FACE EXPERIMENT 1155 1-AMINOCYCLOPROPANE-1-CARBOXYLATE OXIDASE 667 1-AMINOCYCLOPROPANE-1-CARBOXYLIC ACID 524, 762-764, 1241, 1471, 1472, 1622, 1696, 2632 2,4-DICHLOROPHENOL 1368 24-H 317 280-320 NM 2475

175

Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop, Golden, Colorado, June 11-13, 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Golden, Colorado June 11-13, 2012 Workshop Proceedings NREL/BK-5600-56523 January 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Golden, Colorado June 11-13, 2012 Prepared under Task No. H279.1710 Workshop Proceedings NREL/BK-5600-56523

176

Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon-figurable PV panel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Keywords: Photovoltaic System, fault-tolerance, recon- figurable PV panel Photovoltaic (PV plants, and satellites. The output power of a PV cell (also called solar cell) is dependent on the solar irradiance level and temperature. Figure 1 shows PV cell output current-voltage and power

Pedram, Massoud

177

Expanding the Use of Biogas with Fuel Cell Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

eere.energy.gov eere.energy.gov Biogas with Fuel Cells Workshop National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado Sunita Satyapal U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Program Manager 6/11/2012 Expanding the Use of Biogas with Fuel Cell Technologies U.S. Energy Consumption U.S. Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector Renewable Electric Power Energy 8% Coal 21% Nuclear Energy 9% Industrial Residential & Commercial Petroleum 37% Natural Gas 25% Transportation Total U.S. Energy = 98 Quadrillion Btu/yr Source: Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2010, Table 1.3 Fuel Cells can apply to diverse sectors Share of Energy Consumed by Major Sectors of the Economy, 2010 Electric Power 29% Residential 16% Commercial 13%

178

Performance evaluation of Janata and Deenbandhu biogas plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance of the Janata and Deenbandhu fixed dome biogas plants for anaerobic digestion of dairy manure was evaluated under the conditions of a hilly region. In contrast to Janata, the Deenbandhu biogas plant was found to be not only cheaper on the basis of cost/m{sup 3} rated capacity of the plant, but it also produced more gas per unit of manure fed and per unit of digester volume in addition to maintaining a consistent rate of gas production during subsequent years from initial charging. The higher production of gas by 28.5% and 12.5% per kg of manure fed and 49.5% and 28.9% per m{sup 3} of digester volume was observed from this plant for highest 24 C and lowest 14 C digester temperatures of the plants for the months of July and December, respectively.

Kalia, A.K.; Kanwar, S.S. [H P Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur (India). Dept. of Agricultural Engineering

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Farm scale biogas-fueled engine/induction generator system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 3.6 liter spark ignition engine coupled to an induction generator produced 21 kW of electric power at 1260 rpm operating on biogas (55% methane, 45% carbon dioxide). Power output increased by 3.55 kW for a 10 rpm increase in shaft speed. Operating at over 16 kW output, power factor was greater than .8 and generator efficiency was greater than 85%. Engine operation is insensitive to small changes in spark advance. Recommended spark advance for a biogas engine is about 45/sup 0/. Minimum brake specific fuel consumption of 270 g CH/sub 4//kWh occurs at a manifold vacuum of 5 cmHg and an equivalence ratio in the range of .6 to .8.

Stahl, T.; Fischer, J.R.; Harris, F.D.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Biogas-Fueled Electric Power: An Assessment of Systems and Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the practice of generating electric power from biogas, a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide with trace contaminants, produced as a byproduct of biological treatment of organic waste under anaerobic (no oxygen) conditions. Biogas is commonly produced during treatment of municipal solid waste in sealed landfills and anaerobic digestion of wastewater treatment plant sludge, animal manure, and organic industrial waste. Power generation from biogas is distributed generation as it is ...

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Thermal energy from a biogas engine/generator system  

SciTech Connect

A biogas fueled engine/generator equipped with heat recovery apparatus and thermal storage is described. The thermal energy is used to fuel a liquid fuel plant. Heat recovery is quantified and the static and dynamic performance of the thermal storage is described. At 1260 rpm the engine/generator produces 21 kW of electric power and 2500 kJ/min of thermal energy.

Stahl, T.; Fischer, J.R.; Harris, F.D.

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

On the design of sponsored keyword advertising slot auctions: An analysis of a generalized second-price auction approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The generalized second-priceauction mechanism is commonly used in research in the context of keyword advertising slot auctioning. The mechanism sets the clearing prices for advertising slots on a search engine's Web pages such that the advertiser will ... Keywords: Advertising, Auctions, Click-through rate, Economic analysis, Electronic markets, Keywords, Location, Online advertising, Search engines, Sponsored search

He Huang; Robert J. Kauffman

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

“Costo del capitale e valutazione del rischio in investimenti in energie rinnovabili: il caso del biogas”.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??La tesi dopo aver discusso i modelli più importanti per la stima del costo del capitale, propone l'analisi industriale degli impianti a biogas. La terza… (more)

Simonetto, Stefano

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Hygiene aspects of the biogas process with emphasis on spore-forming bacteria.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biogas is a renewable source of energy which can be obtained from processing of biowaste. The digested residues can be used as fertiliser. Biowaste intended… (more)

Bagge, Elisabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Utvärdering av substrat för biogasproduktion; Evaluation of substrates for biogas production.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study was to evaluate the different substrates that enter the digestion on Sundet wastewater treatment plant for production of biogas.… (more)

Tiinus, My

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

"just like fingernail and flesh": Community forestry, biogas, and environmental governmentality in Nepal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Community forestry and household biogas digesters that reduce firewood dependence for cooking are two complimentary and relatively successful programs in Nepal. Both have their roots… (more)

Barnhart, Shaunna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF UPGRADING DAIRY MANURE-DERIVED BIOGAS FOR NATURAL GAS PIPELINE .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this thesis was to evaluate the current technical and economical feasibility of processing dairy manure-derived biogas to natural gas quality for injection… (more)

Saikkonen, Kelly

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

GHG REDUCTION POTENTIAL OF BIOGAS RESOURCE UTILZATION IN HOLBÆK’S HEATING AND ELECTRICITY SECTOR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project is set out to identify the GHG reduction potentials of the 3 identified biogas plants in the Holbæk municipality. The GHG reduction of… (more)

DAO, THI THU HUONG DIU

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Modeling and Experimental Analysis of Biogas in Diesel and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Generators.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biogas is a green fuel generally produced by agricultural or household waste, whose range of applications has become wider and wider in recent years. The… (more)

Quesito, Francesco

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Biogas yield performance with co-digestion of pig manure and slaughterhouse wastes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Utilization of renewable energy is an important component of the current sustainable global energy strategy. Currently, biogas is considered one of the most economic… (more)

Mamun, Abdulla

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Evaluation of Cellruptor pre-treatment on biogas yield from various substrates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this thesis work, Cellruptor pre-treatment was evaluated in order to increase biogas yield. Initially, the effects of residence time (30, 60, 90, 120… (more)

Thiruvenkadam, Selvakumar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Biogas in the United Kingdom & Sweden - A Technological Innovation System Based Analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The production of biogas via anaerobic digestion is an effective technology for converting organic waste into renewable fuel. Using the Technological Innovation System (TIS)… (more)

Gordon, Niall

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Energikartläggning av biogasanläggningen, Kungsängens gård; Energy mapping at the biogas plant, Kungsängens gård.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this thesis was to make an energy survey and quantify energy flows of individual unit operations associated with the biogas production… (more)

Andersson, Mats

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Overview of An Analysis Project for Renewable Biogas / Fuel Cell Technologies (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation on renewable biogas: as an opportunity for commercialization of fuel cells presented as part of a panel discussion at the 2009 Fuel Cell Seminar, Palm Springs, CA.

Jalalzadeh-Azar, A.

2009-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

195

Biogas production from Jatropha curcas press-cake  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seeds of the tropical plant Jatropha curcas (purge nut, physic nut) are used for the production of oil. Several methods for oil extraction have been developed. In all processes, about 50% of the weight of the seeds remain as a press cake containing mainly protein and carbohydrates. Investigations have shown that this residue contains toxic compounds and cannot be used as animal feed without further processing. Preliminary experiments have shown that the residue is a good substrate for biogas production. Biogas formation was studied using a semicontinous upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor; a contact-process and an anaerobic filter each reactor having a total volume of 110 L. A maximum production rate of 3.5 m{sup 3} m{sup -3} d{sup -1} was obtained in the anaerobic filter with a loading rate of 13 kg COD m{sup -3} d{sup -1}. However, the UAS reactor and the contact-process were not suitable for using this substrate. When using an anaerobic filter with Jatropha curcas seed cake as a substrate, 76% of the COD was degraded and 1 kg degraded COD yielded 355 L of biogas containing 70% methane. 28 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

Staubmann, R.; Guebitz, G.M.; Lafferty, R.M. [Graz Technical Univ. (Austria)] [and others

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Bio-Gas Technologies, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bio-Gas Technologies, LLC Bio-Gas Technologies, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Bio-Gas Technologies, LLC Address 2025 George St. Place Sandusky, Ohio Zip 44870 Sector Biomass, Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product Agriculture;Business and legal services;Consulting; Energy provider: power production;Energy provider: wholesale;Engineering/architectural/design;Installation;Investment/finances;Maintenance and repair;Manufacturing Phone number 419-663-8000 Website http://www.biogastech.com Coordinates 41.4369°, -82.747133° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.4369,"lon":-82.747133,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

197

Investigation of the use of biogas in a gas hob$$hand the feasibility of upgrading it on a household scale.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Incldes abstract. The production and use of biogas on a household scale is becoming more common. The biogas is mainly used for lighting and cooking.… (more)

Trautmann, Christina.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop Summary Report: Proceedings from the Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop, Golden, Colorado, June 11-13, 2012  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) held a Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop June 11-13, 2012, in Golden, Colorado, to discuss biogas and waste-to-energy technologies for fuel cell applications. The overall objective was to identify opportunities for coupling renewable biomethane with highly efficient fuel cells to produce electricity; heat; combined heat and power (CHP); or combined heat, hydrogen and power (CHHP) for stationary or motive applications. The workshop focused on biogas sourced from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), landfills, and industrial facilities that generate or process large amounts of organic waste, including large biofuel production facilities (biorefineries).

Not Available

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Microcontroller-Based Fuzzy System to Optimize the Anaerobic Digestion in Biogas Reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a fuzzy-system for the optimization of the yield of biogas at biogas plants. The algorithm introduced allows the transformation of a PC supported developed fuzzy-model to a microcontroller-system. This system can be utilised as a ...

Steffen Patzwahl; Thomas Nacke; Dieter Frense; Dieter Beckmann; Klaus-Dietrich Kramer; Tobias Tautz; Gerd-Rainer Vollmer

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Keyword index to unclassified ORGDP formal reports, July 1947--September 1973  

SciTech Connect

KWIC (Keywords in Context) permuted-title index is presented for all of the formal unclassified K-reports (July 1947 through September 1973) that have contributed significantly to gaseous diffusion technology. An author index and a document number index are also included. These latter two indexes contain complete citations to the original documents. (auth) ion efficiency of neon isotopes by gaseous diffusion as a function of pressure with three significantiy different types of geometrical flow channels was made. The experimental apparatus for performing the study and some results are described. A large body of data was collected. A complete description of the work is presently in publication. (TFD)

Ferguson, J.B.; Fraser, R.J.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

On-farm biogas systems information dissemination project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to study how farmers manage anaerobic digesters on three New York State dairy farms. Two years of data collected were from both plug-flow and tower-type mixed-flow digesters at regular intervals over a three-year period revealed that the financial return from the energy produced by a biogass system in the late 1980`s is marginal. Little difficulty was experienced in operation of the anaerobic digester; however, several farms utilizing congeneration to convert biogas into electricity and heat suffered from not applying maintenance to the congenerator in a timely fashion.

Campbell, J.K.; Koelsch, R.K.; Guest, R.W.; Fabian, E.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Optimization of Biogas Production with Computational Intelligence A Comparative Study ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biogas plants are reliable sources of energy based on renewable materials including organic waste. There is a high demand from industry to run these plants efficiently, which leads to a highly complex simulation and optimization problem. A comparison of several algorithms from computational intelligence to solve this problem is presented in this study. The sequential parameter optimization was used to determine improved parameter settings for these algorithms in an automated manner. We demonstrate that genetic algorithm and particle swarm optimization based approaches were outperformed by differential evolution and covariance matrix adaptation evolution strategy. Compared to previously presented results, our approach required only one tenth of the number of function evaluations. 1

Jörg Ziegenhirt; Thomas Bartz-beielstein; Oliver Flasch; Wolfgang Konen; Martin Zaefferer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (PPRE) --Biogas Workshop --01. -04. Feb. 2010 --Oldenburg University --venue: TGO, Marie-Curie-Strae 1, 26129 Oldenburg Programme Part 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (PPRE) -- Biogas Workshop -- 01. - 04. Feb. 2010 -- Oldenburg University -- venue: TGO, Marie-Curie-Stra�e 1, 26129 Oldenburg Programme Part 1: Domestic Biogas Biogas ­ Introduction: Relevance of biogas for Development (JL) 09:45 Coffee Break 10:00 From Waste

Damm, Werner

204

Production of Biogas from Wastewaters of Food Processing Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Process used in converting biodegradable, soluble, organic pollutants in industrial wastewaters to a directly-burnable biogas composed mainly of methane has been developed, tested, and commercially applied in Holland. Operations on wastewater from the processing of sugar beets have shown hydraulic retention times of less than 10 hours with reactor loadings of at least 10 Kg COD per m3 digester volume per day and purification efficiencies exceeding 90%. Biogas production is at a rate of about 1 therm (100000 BTU) per 10 Kg COD treated. A moderately sized (1000 m3) wastewater treatment plant processing the order of 10000 Kg COD per day will, therefore, produce the order of 1000 therms of energy per day while, at the same time, reducing the COD level in the effluent by an order of magnitude. The set of conditions required for efficient operation of this anaerobic process will be discussed. The process is unique in its mixed sludge bed approach allowing for tolerance of swings in Ph (6-8) at relatively low temperatures (32 C - 38 C) which can be readily achieved from most wastewater streams with little expenditure of additional energy. Sludge production is remarkably low, only about 5% of the COD loading, greatly alleviating disposal problems. These characteristics are conducive for the use of the anaerobic process to recover energy from a variety of wastewaters rich in carbohydrate-type substances as produced routinely as a by product of many types of food processing activities.

Sax, R. I.; Holtz, M.; Pette, K. C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Using Multi-Modal Semantic Association Rules to fuse keywords and visual features automatically for Web image retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent trend for image search is to fuse the two basic modalities of Web images, i.e., textual features (usually represented by keywords) and visual features for retrieval. The key issue is how to associate the two modalities for fusion. In this paper, ... Keywords: Association rule mining, Inverted file, Multi-Modal Semantic Association Rule (MMSAR), Relevance Feedback (RF), Web image retrieval

Ruhan He; Naixue Xiong; Laurence T. Yang; Jong Hyuk Park

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Bioenergy systems report. April 1984: innovations in biogas systems and technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive review of recent innovations in the design and operation of biogas systems is presented. The report contains information on about sixty distinct designs for biogas plants. These include plants designed for use by individual families, larger farm plants, plants used for the digestion of agroindustrial residues, and plants producing or recovering biogas from human wastes and residues. Some have been designed for use in developing countries; others have been used primarily in developed countries but may involve design elements that could be utilized in developing countries.

Mahin, D.B.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Biomass Facility Facility O'Brien Biogas IV LLC Sector Biomass Facility Type Landfill Gas Location Middlesex County, New Jersey Coordinates 40.4111363°, -74.3587473° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4111363,"lon":-74.3587473,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

208

Appropriate technology for rural India to produce biogas from vegetative wastes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the huge amount (91%) of energy in rural India is used as domestic fuel. Forest wood constitutes half of this energy, which could be saved by providing an alternative kitchen fuel. Biogas provides the only viable alternative. While the basics of biogas production have been known for several decades, serious research efforts are required to evolve appropriate technology of biogas production for Indian villages. It is easy to design devices which work on the economy of large scale; it is a formidable task to achieve the same at down-to-earth level of economy. Considering the vast majority of small farmers, a cheap, manual, continuous fermentation straw gas plant is likely to offer appropriate technology. Efforts have continued since 1965 to develop such a plant: the latest model is quite competitive in all respects with the KVIC biogas plant, except for its stirring system. Efforts are being made to develop a suitable stirring system.

Goswami, K.P. (College of Agriculture, Gujarat Agricultural Univ., Anand (IN))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Modeling of decentralized linear observer and tracker for a class of unknown interconnected large-scale sampled-data nonlinear systems with closed-loop decoupling property  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel low-order modeling of decentralized linear observer-based tracker is presented in this paper for a class of unknown interconnected large-scale sampled-data nonlinear systems with closed-loop decoupling property. The appropriate (low-)order decentralized ... Keywords: Digital redesign, Large-scale system, Observer, Observer/Kalman filter identification, Tracker

Jason Sheng-Hong Tsai; Nien-Tsu Hu; Po-Chuan Yang; Shu-Mei Guo; Leang-San Shieh

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Exploitation of biogas power plant—Clean Development Mechanism project, Vizelj, Serbia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study of biogas power plant is designed in accordance with the existing energy policy that recognizes producers of energy from renewable sources as producers with privileged status and guarantees the purchase of energy at subsidized prices. The investor company revised its own energy policy and aligned it with the priorities of sustainable energypolicy of Serbia. The paper presents an analysis of biogas power plant output (electrical and thermal energy)

Mirjana Golušin; Siniša Dodi?; Damjan Vu?urovi?; Aleksandar Ostoji?; Larisa Jovanovi?

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Economic evaluation of biogas as energy and fertilizer in rural northeast Thailand  

SciTech Connect

In the aftermath of the 1974 oil crisis, Thailand faces a complex problem: agriculture is characterized by low productivity, and an increasing burden is now being placed on national forest reserves as the primary source of fuel. The nation is forced to choose: land for forests and fuel, or land for agriculture and food. In either case, current levels of land use are having serious environmental consequences. Biogas has been proposed as a possible remedy to alleviate these problems. In this study, three sizes of biogas plants are studied to facilitate cost estimates, and two Thai villages provide case studies of actual applications. Then a stratified random sample of 60 households is selected from the two villages, based on economic class groupings. The central question is to inquire whether biogas is feasible and profitable for villages with differing characteristics, for different income groups within those villages, and whether technological viability is affected by plant size. The results show that there are increasing returns to scale for larger biogas plants; that the poorer village obtains more benefits per unit of output than the more modernized village; that the poorest households within each village have the highest potential gains from biogas. It is recommended that Thailand implement biogas technology in those regions and for those villages where benefit-cost analysis demonstrates its economic feasibility.

Sombuntham, S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Biogas Generation from a 2-Phase Sludge Treatment System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The degradation of sewage sludge in single stage and 2 phase anaerobic systems was investigated in bench-scale batch reactors. Average COD reduction efficiency in 2 phase system in this initial phase of the study was 4.5% (30 days HRT) and 3.3% (20 days ... Keywords: dge digestion, 2-phase, single stage, qPCR, microbial communities

Taranveer Singh Mann, Terence Goh, William Phay

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

A study of biogas digesters as an animal waste management tool on livestock farming systems in Fiji.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ever since 1976, livestock farmers in Fiji have been intrigued about biogas digesters as an animal waste management measure, but the concept has never evolved… (more)

Tukana, Andrew

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau, F. Boret, O. Tretyakov, F. Bline, M. Balynska, R. Girault,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau, F 2012 (117) A GIS-BASED APPROACH FOR OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF COLLECTIVE BIOGAS PLANTS T. Bioteau of potential development of collective biogas plants in France, the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS

215

A Case Study to Bottle the Biogas in Cylinders as Source of Power for Rural Industries Development in Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Pakistan is one of the developing countries with very low energy consumption, correspondingly low standard of living and high population growth. The country is trying to improve its living standards by increasing its energy consumption and establishing appropriate industries. It has immense hydropower potential, which is almost untapped at the present time. Employment generation and poverty alleviation are the two main issues related with rural development. These issues can be tackled by rural industrialization using local resources and appropriate technologies. However, sufficient number of industries can not be set up in rural areas so far due to scarcity of energy supply i.e. electricity, diesel etc. Biogas, a renewable fuel may be able to fill the gap in energy availability in the rural areas. Biogas can supply energy near to biogas plant which makes it hindrance in its wide spread application and therefore mobility of biogas is must, which is achieved by bottling of biogas. Here a model is conceptualized to bottle the biogas in cylinders and then use it to power the rural industries. It is found that use of bottled biogas can save diesel of the worth US $ 147 in 12 hours and also generate employment for 12 persons. Key words: Employment rural industries biogas bottling

Syed Zafar Ilyas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Comparative analysis of environmental impacts of maize-biogas and photovoltaics on a land use basis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study aims to stimulate the discussion on how to optimize a sustainable energy mix from an environmental perspective and how to apply existing renewable energy sources in the most efficient way. Ground-mounted photovoltaics (PV) and the maize-biogas-electricity route are compared with regard to their potential to mitigate environmental pressure, assuming that a given agricultural area is available for energy production. Existing life cycle assessment (LCA) studies are taken as a basis to analyse environmental impacts of those technologies in relation to conventional technology for power and heat generation. The life-cycle-wide mitigation potential per area used is calculated for the impact categories non-renewable energy input, green house gas (GHG) emissions, acidification and eutrophication. The environmental performance of each system depends on the scenario that is assumed for end energy use (electricity and heat supply have been contemplated). In all scenarios under consideration, PV turns out to be superior to biogas in almost all studied impact categories. Even when maize is used for electricity production in connection with very efficient heat usage, and reduced PV performance is assumed to account for intermittence, PV can still mitigate about four times the amount of green house gas emissions and non-renewable energy input compared to maize-biogas. Soil erosion, which can be entirely avoided with PV, exceeds soil renewal rates roughly 20-fold on maize fields. Regarding the overall Eco-indicator 99 (H) score under most favourable assumptions for the maize-biogas route, PV has still a more than 100% higher potential to mitigate environmental burden. At present, the key advantages of biogas are its price and its availability without intermittence. In the long run, and with respect to more efficient land use, biogas might preferably be produced from organic waste or manure, whereas PV should be integrated into buildings and infrastructures. (author)

Graebig, Markus; Fenner, Richard [Centre for Sustainable Development, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge (United Kingdom); Bringezu, Stefan [Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy. P.B. 100480, 42004 Wuppertal (Germany)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

217

H2A Biomethane Model Documentation and a Case Study for Biogas From Dairy Farms  

SciTech Connect

The new H2A Biomethane model was developed to estimate the levelized cost of biomethane by using the framework of the vetted original H2A models for hydrogen production and delivery. For biomethane production, biogas from sources such as dairy farms and landfills is upgraded by a cleanup process. The model also estimates the cost to compress and transport the product gas via the pipeline to export it to the natural gas grid or any other potential end-use site. Inputs include feed biogas composition and cost, required biomethane quality, cleanup equipment capital and operations and maintenance costs, process electricity usage and costs, and pipeline delivery specifications.

Saur, G.; Jalalzadeh, A.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Property:Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity Property Type String Description Number of plants with unknown planned capacity per GEA Pages using the property "Plants with Unknown Planned Capacity" Showing 21 pages using this property. A Alaska Geothermal Region + 1 + C Cascades Geothermal Region + 2 + Central Nevada Seismic Zone Geothermal Region + 9 + G Gulf of California Rift Zone Geothermal Region + 4 + H Hawaii Geothermal Region + 0 + Holocene Magmatic Geothermal Region + 0 + I Idaho Batholith Geothermal Region + 1 + N Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 11 + Northern Rockies Geothermal Region + 0 + Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region + 9 + R Rio Grande Rift Geothermal Region + 1 +

219

ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen Anhalt GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen Anhalt GmbH Co KG ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen Anhalt GmbH Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name ABO Wind Biogas Sachsen-Anhalt GmbH & Co. KG Place Wiesbaden, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany Zip 65193 Product Company set up to build and operate three biogas plants in Saxony-Anhalt Germany. Coordinates 50.084592°, 8.242302° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.084592,"lon":8.242302,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

220

Analysis of microbial diversity and optimal conditions for enhanced biogas production from swine waste anaerobic digestion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Swine wastewater pretreated by solid–liquid separation was optimized for biogas production and water purification. Dynamic diversity of the bacterial community in the anaerobic plug flow reactor was investigated under various temperatures and hydraulic retention times (HRT). Results of batch experiments indicated that under optimal operating conditions

Hsiao-Hsien Lin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

IEA-Renewable Energy Technologies, Bioenergy Agreement Task 37: Energy from Biogas and Landfill Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Landfill Gas Teknologiområde: Anvendt forskning og udvikling, herunder viden formidling, -udveksling og-Bioenergy, Task 37- Energy from Biogas and Landfill Gas", via samarbejde, informationsudveksling, fælles analyser and landfill gas. I dette tidsinterval er en række aktiviteter blevet gennemført, herunder deltagelse til task

222

System for identifying known materials within a mixture of unknowns  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

One or both of two methods and systems are used to determine concentration of a known material in an unknown mixture on the basis of the measured interaction of electromagnetic waves upon the mixture. One technique is to utilize a multivariate analysis patch technique to develop a library of optimized patches of spectral signatures of known materials containing only those pixels most descriptive of the known materials by an evolutionary algorithm. Identity and concentration of the known materials within the unknown mixture is then determined by minimizing the residuals between the measurements from the library of optimized patches and the measurements from the same pixels from the unknown mixture. Another technique is to train a neural network by the genetic algorithm to determine the identity and concentration of known materials in the unknown mixture. The two techniques may be combined into an expert system providing cross checks for accuracy. 37 figs.

Wagner, J.S.

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

223

Assigned Keyword List  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... mgf1 Mathematics - perturbation theory: mpt1 Mathematics ... shift: muls1 Muonium energy levels: muel1 ... thermometry: noth1 Nuclear charge radius ...

224

Enhanced biogas production by increasing organic load rate in mesophilic anaerobic digestion with sludge recirculation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? For enhancing anaerobic sludge digestion and biogas recovery, an increase in organic load rate (OLR) from 1.0 to 3.0kgVS/(m3·day) was imposed upon a new… (more)

Huang, Zhanzhao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Online Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access with Unknown Demand Function  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-of-the-day arrival rate trends. The simulations showed that AMTP closely tracks the time-varying optimal price1 Online Pricing of Secondary Spectrum Access with Unknown Demand Function Huseyin Mutlu, Murat while SUs are admitted and priced according to current availability of excess spectrum. The average rate

Starobinski, David

226

Photometric Stereo with General, Unknown Lighting Ronen Basri  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and distant from the object but otherwise unconstrained. Lighting in each image may be an unknown that are approximately Lambertian, and assume that lights are relatively distant and isotropic (no cast shadows or slide a preliminary assessment of them using controlled images. It is a subject of future work to explore these more

Jacobs, David

227

High Temperature Fuel Cell Tri-Generation of Power, Heat & H2 from Biogas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Fuel Cell Research Center, 2012 1/22 National Fuel Cell Research Center, 2012 1/22 High Temperature Fuel Cell Tri-Generation of Power, Heat & H 2 from Biogas Jack Brouwer, Ph.D. June 19, 2012 DOE/ NREL Biogas Workshop - Golden, CO © National Fuel Cell Research Center, 2012 2/22 Outline * Introduction and Background * Tri-Generation/Poly-Generation Analyses * OCSD Project Introduction © National Fuel Cell Research Center, 2012 3/22 Introduction and Background * Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle performance is outstanding * Energy density of H 2 is much greater than batteries * Rapid fueling, long range ZEV * H 2 must be produced * energy intensive, may have emissions, fossil fuels, economies of scale * Low volumetric energy density of H 2 compared to current infrastructure fuels (@ STP)

228

Realizzazione di un modello Simulink di un impianto a biogas con rete di teleriscaldamento ed applicazione ad un impianto da 250 kWel.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Il modello calcola i flussi di potenza che transitano su un impianto a biogas secondo una logica di bilancio di primo principio. All'utente è data… (more)

Marsotto, Giuseppe

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Application of Categorical Exclusions (1021.410) Disagree Agree Unknown  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 Checklist for Categorical Exclusion Determination, revised Nov. 2011 Application of Categorical Exclusions (1021.410) Disagree Agree Unknown (b)(1) The proposal fits within a class of actions that is listed in appendix A or B to subpart D. X (b)(2) There are no extraordinary circumstances related to the proposal that may affect the significance of the environmental effects of the proposal, including, but not limited to, scientific controversy about the environmental effects of the proposal; uncertain effects or effects involving unique or unknown risks; and unresolved conflicts concerting alternate uses of available resources X (b)(3) The proposal has not been segmented to meet the definition of a categorical exclusion. Segmentation can occur when a proposal is

230

Success probabilities for universal unambiguous discriminators between unknown pure states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A universal programmable discriminator can perform the discrimination between two unknown states, and the optimal solution can be approached via the discrimination between the two averages over the uniformly distributed unknown input pure states, which has been widely discussed in previous works. In this paper, we consider the success probabilities of the optimal universal programmable unambiguous discriminators when applied to the pure input states. More precisely, the analytic results of the success probabilities are derived with the expressions of the optimal measurement operators for the universal discriminators and we find that the success probabilities have nothing to do with the dimension d while the amounts of the copies in the two program registers are equal. The success probability of programmable unambiguous discriminator can asymptoticly approach to that of usual unambiguous discrimination (state comparison) as the number of copies in program registers (data register) goes to infinity.

Tao Zhou

2013-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

231

Benefits of supplementing an industrial waste anaerobic digester with energy crops for increased biogas production  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study demonstrates the feasibility of co-digestion food industrial waste with energy crops. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Laboratory batch co-digestion led to improved methane yield and carbon to nitrogen ratio as compared to mono-digestion of industrial waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Co-digestion was also seen as a means of degrading energy crops with nutrients addition as crops are poor in nutrients. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Batch co-digestion methane yields were used to predict co-digestion methane yield in full scale operation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It was concluded that co-digestion led an over all economically viable process and ensured a constant supply of feedstock. - Abstract: Currently, there is increasing competition for waste as feedstock for the growing number of biogas plants. This has led to fluctuation in feedstock supply and biogas plants being operated below maximum capacity. The feasibility of supplementing a protein/lipid-rich industrial waste (pig manure, slaughterhouse waste, food processing and poultry waste) mesophilic anaerobic digester with carbohydrate-rich energy crops (hemp, maize and triticale) was therefore studied in laboratory scale batch and continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTR) with a view to scale-up to a commercial biogas process. Co-digesting industrial waste and crops led to significant improvement in methane yield per ton of feedstock and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio as compared to digestion of the industrial waste alone. Biogas production from crops in combination with industrial waste also avoids the need for micronutrients normally required in crop digestion. The batch co-digestion methane yields were used to predict co-digestion methane yield in full scale operation. This was done based on the ratio of methane yields observed for laboratory batch and CSTR experiments compared to full scale CSTR digestion of industrial waste. The economy of crop-based biogas production is limited under Swedish conditions; therefore, adding crops to existing industrial waste digestion could be a viable alternative to ensure a constant/reliable supply of feedstock to the anaerobic digester.

Nges, Ivo Achu, E-mail: Nges.Ivo_Achu@biotek.lu.se [Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund (Sweden); Escobar, Federico; Fu Xinmei; Bjoernsson, Lovisa [Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund (Sweden)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Interferometric distillation and determination of unknown two-qubit entanglement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for both distilling and quantifying entanglement, applicable to individual copies of an arbitrary unknown two-qubit state. It is realized in a usual two-qubit interferometry with local filtering. Proper filtering operation for the maximal distillation of the state is achieved by erasing single-qubit interference, and then the concurrence of the state is determined directly from the visibilities of two-qubit interference. We compare the scheme with full state tomography.

Lee, S.-S. B.; Sim, H.-S. [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Electrical Resistivity Imaging for Unknown Bridge Foundation Depth Determination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unknown bridge foundations pose a significant safety risk due to stream scour and erosion. Records from older structures may be non-existent, incomplete, or incorrect. Nondestructive and inexpensive geophysical methods have been identified as suitable to investigate unknown bridge foundations. The objective of the present study is to apply advanced 2D electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) in order to identify depth of unknown bridge foundations. A survey procedure is carried out in mixed terrain water and land environments with rough topography. A conventional resistivity survey procedure is used with the electrodes installed on the stream banks. However, some electrodes must be adapted for underwater use. Tests were conducted in one laboratory experimentation and at five field experimentations located at three roadway bridges, a geotechnical test site, and a railway bridge. The first experimentation was at the bridges with the smallest foundations, later working up in size to larger drilled shafts and spread footings. Both known to unknown foundations were investigated. The geotechnical test site is used as an experimental site for 2D and 3D ERI. The data acquisition is carried out along 2D profile with a linear array in the dipole-dipole configuration. The data collections have been carried out using electrodes deployed directly across smaller foundations. Electrodes are deployed in proximity to larger foundations to image them from the side. The 2D ERI can detect the presence of a bridge foundation but is unable to resolve its precise shape and depth. Increasing the spatial extent of the foundation permits better image of its shape and depth. Using electrode < 1 m to detect a slender foundation < 1 m in diameter is not feasible. The 2D ERI method that has been widely used for land surface surveys presently can be adapted effectively in water-covered environments. The method is the most appropriate geophysical method for determination of unknown bridge foundations. Fully 3D ERI method at bridge sites is labor intensive, time consuming, and does not add enough value over 2D ERI to make it worthwhile.

Arjwech, Rungroj

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

biogas to indian buses come home, dad biosensor lab in singapore sexy statistics world university No reason to rush homeLiU alumna Klara Tiitso enjoys her life in London | page 30  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biogas to indian buses come home, dad biosensor lab in singapore sexy statistics world university an Indian Master's student whose studies at Linköping inspired him to use biogas as fuel for busses. He

Zhao, Yuxiao

235

Environmental assessment and finding of no significant impact: Biorecycling Technologies, Inc., Noble Biogas and Fertilizer Plant, Fresno County, California  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy (DOE) is considering a proposal from the California Energy Commission for partial funding up to $1,500,000 of the construction of the biorecycling Technologies, Inc., (BTI) Noble Biogas and Fertilizer Plant in Fresno County, California. BTI along with its contractors and business partners would develop the plant, which would use manure and green waste to produce biogas and a variety of organic fertilizer products. The California Energy Commission has requested funding from the DOE Commercialization Ventures program to assist in the construction of the plant, which would produce up to one megawatt of electricity by burning biogas in a cogeneration unit. The purpose of this environmental assessment (EA) is to provide DOE and the public with information on potential environmental impacts associated with funding development of the proposed project.

NONE

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Co-digestion of cattle manure with food waste and sludge to increase biogas production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Small increase in methane production was observed applying sonication pretreatment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Biogas productions between 720 and 1100 mL/Lreactor day were achieved. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Volatile solids removal efficiencies ranged between 53% and 60%. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Lower methane yields were obtained when operating under thermophilic conditions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Optimum OLR in lab-scale CSTR was 1.2-1.3 g VS/L day (HRT: 20 days). - Abstract: Anaerobic co-digestion strategies are needed to enhance biogas production, especially when treating certain residues such as cattle/pig manure. This paper presents a study of co-digestion of cattle manure with food waste and sewage sludge. With the aim of maximising biogas yields, a series of experiments were carried out under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions using continuously stirred-tank reactors, operating at different hydraulic residence times. Pretreatment with ultrasound was also applied to compare the results with those obtained with non-pretreated waste. Specific methane production decreases when increasing the OLR and decreasing HRT. The maximum value obtained was 603 LCH{sub 4}/kg VS{sub feed} for the co-digestion of a mixture of 70% manure, 20% food waste and 10% sewage sludge (total solid concentration around 4%) at 36 Degree-Sign C, for an OLR of 1.2 g VS/L day. Increasing the OLR to 1.5 g VS/L day led to a decrease of around 20-28% in SMP. Lower methane yields were obtained when operating at 55 Degree-Sign C. The increase in methane production when applying ultrasound to the feed mixtures does not compensate for the energy spent in this pretreatment.

Maranon, E., E-mail: emara@uniovi.es [Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University Institute of Technology of Asturias, Campus of Gijon, University of Oviedo, 33203 Gijon (Spain); Castrillon, L.; Quiroga, G.; Fernandez-Nava, Y. [Department of Chemical Engineering and Environmental Technology, University Institute of Technology of Asturias, Campus of Gijon, University of Oviedo, 33203 Gijon (Spain); Gomez, L.; Garcia, M.M. [Zero Emissions Technology, 41018 Seville (Spain)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

237

PHYLOGENOMICS - GUIDED VALIDATION OF FUNCTION FOR CONSERVED UNKNOWN GENES  

SciTech Connect

Identifying functions for all gene products in all sequenced organisms is a central challenge of the post-genomic era. However, at least 30-50% of the proteins encoded by any given genome are of unknown function, or wrongly or vaguely annotated. Many of these 'unknown' proteins are common to prokaryotes and plants. We accordingly set out to predict and experimentally test the functions of such proteins. Our approach to functional prediction is integrative, coupling the extensive post-genomic resources available for plants with comparative genomics based on hundreds of microbial genomes, and functional genomic datasets from model microorganisms. The early phase is computer-assisted; later phases incorporate intellectual input from expert plant and microbial biochemists. The approach thus bridges the gap between automated homology-based annotations and the classical gene discovery efforts of experimentalists, and is much more powerful than purely computational approaches to identifying gene-function associations. Among Arabidopsis genes, we focused on those (2,325 in total) that (i) are unique or belong to families with no more than three members, (ii) are conserved between plants and prokaryotes, and (iii) have unknown or poorly known functions. Computer-assisted selection of promising targets for deeper analysis was based on homology .. independent characteristics associated in the SEED database with the prokaryotic members of each family, specifically gene clustering and phyletic spread, as well as availability of functional genomics data, and publications that could link candidate families to general metabolic areas, or to specific functions. In-depth comparative genomic analysis was then performed for about 500 top candidate families, which connected ~55 of them to general areas of metabolism and led to specific functional predictions for a subset of ~25 more. Twenty predicted functions were experimentally tested in at least one prokaryotic organism via reverse genetics, metabolic profiling, functional complementation, and recombinant protein biochemistry. Our approach predicted and validated functions for 10 formerly uncharacterized protein families common to plants and prokaryotes; none of these functions had previously been correctly predicted by computational methods. The functions of five more are currently being validated. Experimental testing of diverse representatives of these families combined with in silica analysis allowed accurate projection of the annotations to hundreds more sequenced genomes.

V, DE CRECY-LAGARD; D, HANSON A

2012-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

238

Simulated NMIS Imaging Data for an Unknown Object  

SciTech Connect

This report presents simulated Nuclear Materials Identification System (NMIS) imaging data for an unclassified object, whose characteristics are initially unknown to the reader. This data will be used to test various analysis capabilities and was created with a simple deterministic ray-tracing algorithm. NMIS is a time-dependent coincidence counting system that is used to characterize both fissile and non-fissile materials undergoing nondestructive assay. NMIS characterizes materials by interrogating them with neutrons, either from an associated-particle deuterium-tritium (DT) neutron generator, which produces a time and directionally tagged monoenergetic beam of 14.1 MeV neutrons, or a time-tagged spontaneous fission source in an ionization chamber.

Walker, Mark E [ORNL; Mihalczo, John T [ORNL

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Remote implementation of partially unknown operations and its entanglement costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the generalized version of Wang's protocol[A.M.Wang, Phys.Rev.A 74,032317 (2006)] for the remote implementation(sometimes referred to as quantum remote control) of partially unknown quantum operations. The protocol only requires no more than half of the entanglements used in Bidirectional Quantum State Teleportation. We also propose a protocol for another form of quantum remote control. It can remotely implement a unitary operation which is a combination of the projective representations of a group. Moreover, we prove that the Schmidt rank of the entanglements cannot not be less than the number of controlled parameters of the operations, which for the first time gives a lower bound on entanglement costs in remote implementation of quantum operations.

Shu-Hui Luo; An-Min Wang

2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

240

Two-Stage Fungal Pre-Treatment for Improved Biogas Production from Sisal Leaf Decortication Residues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Sisal leaf decortications residue (SLDR) is amongst the most abundant agroindustrial residues in Tanzania and is a good feedstock for biogas production. Pretreatment of the residue prior to its anaerobic digestion (AD) was investigated using a twostage pre-treatment approach with two fungal strains, CCHT-1 and Trichoderma reesei in succession in anaerobic batch bioreactors. AD of the pre-treated residue with CCTH-1 at 10 % (wet weight inoculum/SLDR) inoculum concentration incubated for four days followed by incubation for eight days with 25 % (wet weight inoculum/SLDR) of T. reesei gave a methane yield of 0.292 ± 0.04 m 3 CH4/kg volatile solids (VS)added. On reversing the pre-treatment succession of the fungal inocula using the same parameters followed by AD, methane yield decreased by about 55%. Generally, an increment in the range of 30–101% in methane yield in comparison to the un-treated SLDR was obtained. The results confirmed the potential of CCHT-1 followed by Trichoderma reesei fungi pre-treatment prior to AD to achieve significant improvement in biogas production from SLDR.

Mutemi Muthangya; Anthony Manoni Msh; Amelia Kajumulo Kivaisi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Creating a Search 1. Enter search term or keyword in the search box at the top of the page, and click the Search button.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Creating a Search 1. Enter search term or keyword in the search box at the top of the page, and click the Search button. Tip: Enter one concept at a time to maximize the benefit of the "Suggest idea of the article (use sparingly (1 concept per search) or not at all) d. After you select a term

Wood, James B.

242

Biogas From Municipal WWTPs: Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From Municipal WWTPs From Municipal WWTPs Fuel Cells Viewed as a Value Proposition Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado June 12, 2012 WWTP Anaerobic Digestion * Common method of processing sludge to reduce volume of solids & volatile content * Reduces sludge disposal cost & increases outlets for disposal * Since motivation is disposal rather than digester gas (DG) production, the DG is available at no cost * This is unlike many other organic waste digestion facilities, where the energy project must bear cost of the digester(s) WWTP Anaerobic Digestion * WWTP anaerobic digesters require heat * Typically a portion of the DG is used to produce steam or hot water to provide the heat * The heat required varies seasonally,

243

Process and installation for simultaneously producing compost and biogas from organic waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A process is described for the simultaneous treatment of solid or semi-solid organic waste and liquid organic waste with a view to the simultaneous production of compost and biogas, wherein the liquid organic waste is subjected to a liquid-solid separation. The liquid phase from this separation is subjected to anaerobic fermentation in at least one closed digester, the solid phase from the liquid-solid separation is mixed with the solid or semi-solid organic waste, and the resulting mixture is subjected to aerobic fermentation at the periphery of the digester and in contact therewith. Mud, clarified liquid and gas are respectively discharged from the digester whereas compost from the aerobic fermentation of the solid or semi-solid waste is recovered at the periphery of the digester wherein the digester is characterized by two superimposed compartments, an upper compartment at low pressure and a lower compartment at high pressure, the compartments communicating together through at least one lateral pipe and through a central siphon. A means is provided for lowering the pressure of the lower compartment when the liquid reaches a predetermined level therein. An installation is described for the simultaneous treatment of solid or semi-solid organic waste and liquid waste with a view to the simultaneous production of compost and biogas. This comprises: means for separating the liquid organic waste into a solid phase and a liquid phase; at least one closed digester; means for introducing the liquid phase into the digester; means for mixing the solid phase with the solid or semi-solid waste; means for bringing the resulting mixture to the periphery of the digester in contact therewith; and means for discharging respectively from the digester the gas which is formed therein by anaerobic fermentation and the sludges which are deposited therein.

Lebesgue, Y.; Zeana, A.

1986-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

244

Studio di fattibilità per un impianto a biogas nel settore vitivinicolo: il caso della "Cantina Valpantena Verona S.c.a.".  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Analisi del settore biogas dal punto di vista energetico,tecnico e normativo, con riferimento al DM 6 luglio 2012 (Decreto rinnovabili).Il caso di studio specifico riguarda… (more)

Bonfante, Nicola

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd EditionChapter 12 Maps and the Unknown  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fish, Omega 3 and Human Health, 2nd Edition Chapter 12 Maps and the Unknown Health Omega 3 eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Nutrition Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 12 Maps and the Unknown from the

246

Neural network prediction model for the methane fraction in biogas from field-scale landfill bioreactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study we present a neural network model for predicting the methane fraction in landfill gas originating from field-scale landfill bioreactors. Landfill bioreactors were constructed at the Odayeri Sanitary Landfill, Istanbul, Turkey, and operated ... Keywords: Anaerobic digestion, Landfill gas, Leachate, Methane fraction, Modeling, Neural network

Bestamin Ozkaya; Ahmet Demir; M. Sinan Bilgili

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Effects of total solids concentrations of poultry, cattle, and piggery waste slurries on biogas yield  

SciTech Connect

The effects of total solids concentrations of poultry, cattle and piggery waste slurries on biogas yield was investigated. Twelve laboratory-size anaerobic batch digesters with 25 L volume were constructed and used for the experiments. Three replicates of 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% TS concentrations of poultry, cattle, and piggery waste slurries were anaerobically digested for a 30-day detention period and gas yield was measured by the method of water displacement. Temperature variation within the digesters was measured with a maximum and minimum thermometer. Anaerobic digestion of the slurries was undertaken in the mesophilic temperature range (20--40 C). The carbon:nitrogen ratio of each of the slurries digested was determined. The carbon content was determined using the wackley-Black method, and nitrogen content was determined by the regular kjeldhal method. The pH was measured weekly during the period of digestion from a digital pH meter. Gas quality (% methane fraction) was also measured weekly from an analyzer. Coefficient of variation was computed to ascertain the status of the digestion process. Analysis of variance was used to determine the significant difference in gas yield at p < 0.05. Duncan's New Multiple Range Test at p < 0.05 was used to analyze the difference in gas yield among the various TS concentrations of the slurries investigated. The results indicate that biogas yield is of the order: 5% TS > 10% TS > 15% TS > 20% TS. This result shows that gas yield increases with decreasing TS concentration of the slurries. The ANOVA showed that the gas yield from the various TS % was significantly different (p < 0.05). DNMRT showed that there was significant difference in gas yield from the slurries and wastetypes investigated. Poultry waste slurries had the greatest gas yield (L CH4/kg TS) as the gas yield from the waste types was of the order: Poultry > Piggery > Cattle. The pH of the slurries was of the range 5.5 to 6.8 (weakly acidic). The C:N of the slurries varied between 6:1 and 9:1. The Coefficient of Variation (CV) for 10 consecutive days of digestion was less than 10% indicating a steady state in all the digesters.

Itodo, I.N.; Awulu, J.O.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

THERMAL HYDRAULICS KEYWORDS: neutron activation,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, where the energy generated is determined from measurements of heat balance. The lat- ter includes by standard methods of radiation transport, in particular with Monte Carlo methods. The fluid dynamic part are equivalent regarding their ability to account for the ef- fect of fluid dynamics on the detector time

Pázsit, Imre

249

Co-digestion of sewage sludge with glycerol to boost biogas production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of adding crude glycerol from the biodiesel industry to the anaerobic digesters treating sewage sludge in wastewater treatment plants was studied in both batch and continuous experiments at 35 {sup o}C. Glycerol addition can boost biogas yields, if it does not exceed a limiting 1% (v/v) concentration in the feed. Any further increase of glycerol causes a high imbalance in the anaerobic digestion process. The reactor treating the sewage sludge produced 1106 {+-} 36 ml CH{sub 4}/d before the addition of glycerol and 2353 {+-} 94 ml CH{sub 4}/d after the addition of glycerol (1% v/v in the feed). The extra glycerol-COD added to the feed did not have a negative effect on reactor performance, but seemed to increase the active biomass (volatile solids) concentration in the system. Batch kinetic experiments showed that the maximum specific utilization rate ({mu}{sub max}) and the saturation constant (K{sub S}) of glycerol were 0.149 {+-} 0.015 h{sup -1} and 0.276 {+-} 0.095 g/l, respectively. Comparing the estimated values with the kinetics constants for propionate reported in the literature, it can be concluded that glycerol uptake is not the rate-limiting step during the process.

Fountoulakis, M.S., E-mail: mfountoul@steg.teiher.g [School of Agricultural Technology, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Heraklion (Greece); Petousi, I.; Manios, T. [School of Agricultural Technology, Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Heraklion (Greece)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

250

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/paid Mediation of the effects of the big five personality dimensions on negative mood and confirmed affective expectations by perceived situational stress: A quasi-field study of vacationers

Avi Besser A; Todd K. Shackelford B

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison of delayed radiobiological effects of depleted–uranium munitions versus fourth–generation nuclear weapons

André Gsponer; Jean-pierre Hurni; Bruno Vitale

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comprehensive detailed chemical kinetic reaction mechanism for combustion of n?alkane hydrocarbons from n?octane to n?hexadecane

Charles K. Westbrook A; William J. Pitz A; Olivier Herbinet A; Henry J. Curran A; Emma J. Silke A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Newsletter is created by the National Energy Technology Laboratory and represents a summary of carbon sequestration news covering the past month. Readers are referred to the actual article(s) for complete information. It is produced by the National Energy Technology

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By solving the right reflection equation proposed in reference[16] to describe the Z = 0 giant graviton branes, we obtain a boundary matrix with two free parameters for the AdS/CFT SU(1|1) spin chain.

Qingyong Lin; Guangliang Li; Yufei Huang

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A re-evaluation of the role of killer whales Orcinus orca in a population decline of sea otters Enhydra lutris in the Aleutian Islands and a review of alternative hypothesesmam_156 1..22

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/jcp Neighbor list collision-driven molecular dynamics simulation for nonspherical hard particles. I. Algorithmic details

Ar Donev A; Salvatore Torquato A; Frank H. Stillinger C

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Embeddings of the braid groups of covering spaces, classification of the finite subgroups of the braid groups of the real projective plane, and linearity of braid groups of low-genus surfaces

John Guaschi; Cep São; Paulo Sp Brazil

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The individual actions that lead to maintenance incidents often reflect local conditions present in the workplace at the time of the action. Such conditions include: time pressure, fatigue, equipment deficiencies, teamwork, and group norms. Accurately identifying the nature of an error and the local conditions that prompted it is a critical step toward identifying how the system can be improved to prevent the problem from occurring again. Originally referred to as ‘defenses ’ by James Reason, risk controls are features put in place to manage hazards in the workplace. There are two main types of risk controls related to maintenance error – preventative risk controls and recovery risk controls. Preventative risk controls are intended to reduce the chance of unwanted events such as human error. Examples of preventative risk controls are training, task qualifications, or components designed to prevent incorrect installation. Recovery risk controls are designed to detect and recover from a dangerous situation once it has started to develop. Functional checks and duplicate inspections are examples of procedures designed to detect maintenance errors. Although maintenance occurrences usually involve errors made by technicians, investigations of aviation maintenance events also identify organizational-level factors such as: training and qualification systems; the allocation of resources; and the cultural or value systems that permeate the organization. Although they are unwanted events, errors are valuable opportunities to identify needed improvements and implement changes.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

stream molecules. These include members of the JAK family of non-receptor kinases and a latent transcription factor, acute phase response factor or signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 3 (APRF/STAT 3) (9, 10). The gp130 signal transducer mediates biological effects exerted not only by IL-11, but also IL-6, oncostatin M (OSM), leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), and cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) (11, 12). Several lines of evidence suggest that IL-11 is an important osteotropic factor. IL-11 receptor transcripts are present in chondroblastic and osteoblastic progenitor cells during mouse embryogenesis (13). IL-11 itself is produced by human osteosarcoma SaOs-2 cells (14), and Girasole et al. (15) showed that IL-11 dose-dependently stimulated osteoclastlike multinucleated cell (OCL) formation in cocultures of

unknown authors

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mstockstill on DSKH9S0YB1PROD with NOTICES Act applicable to registered entities. Further, the obligations, requirements and timetables prescribed in Commission rule 36.3(c)(4) governing core principle compliance by the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc., are not applicable to the NGPL TxOk Financial Basis contract with the issuance of this Order. This Order is based on the representations made to the Commission by the IntercontinentalExchange, Inc., dated

Billing Code P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/molehr/gah205 Splice variants of the relaxin and INSL3 receptors reveal unanticipated molecular complexity

Marco Muda; Chaomei He; Paolo G. V. Martini; Tania Ferraro; Sharon Layfield; Deanne Taylor; Colette Chevrier; Rene Schweickhardt; Christie Kelton; Peter L. Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to transport highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Russia to a secure storage facility in Oak Ridge, TN. This proposed action would allow the United States and Russia to accelerate the disposition of excess nuclear weapons materials in the interest of promoting nuclear disarmament, strengthening nonproliferation, and combating terrorism. The HEU would be used for a non-weapons purpose in the U.S. – as fuel in research reactors performing solely peaceful missions. The amount of HEU to be transferred under the proposed action would be, on average, 166 kilograms (366 pounds) per year over a period of 10 years. The entire shipping campaign would be conducted under very high security. The Russian Federation would be responsible for packaging the material in appropriate packages that meet international and U.S. safety standards. The Russian Federation would also be responsible for transporting the material to a point of transfer, which could be in Russia or a cooperating European country. The U.S. would then take possession of the material and assume responsibility for its security and transport. The proposed action is to transport the HEU by U.S. military aircraft from Russia or a cooperating European country to the McGhee Tyson Air National Guard Base near Knoxville, TN, then by Safe Secure Transport/SafeGuards Transportation (SST/SGT) to the

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cases of rubella were notified in five municipalities in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Eight cases were laboratoryconfirmed by positive IgM against rubella virus*. Four virus isolates were obtained and identified as genotype 2B strains, with one isolate differing by a single mutation in the region of the E1 gene. This ongoing outbreak revealed gaps in the immunisation programme during the war in BiH (1992-1995) and highlights the need to revise legislation to permit immunisation of children above 14 years of age with measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and to introduce supplemental immunisation activities.

A Novo; Who Country Office For Bosnia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/bbagen IpaD is localized at the tip of the Shigella flexneri type III secretion apparatus

Musa Sani A; Anne Botteaux; Claude Parsot; Egbert J. Boekema A; Abdelmounaaïm Allaoui

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Key Words: India’s higher education sector, reforms in education, financing of India’s Education, Quality assurance in education, funding of higher education, regulating higher education The views expressed in the ICRIER Working Paper Series are those of the author and do not necessarily

Pawan Agarwal; Pawan Agarwal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding temporal and spatial patterns of in-stream temperature can provide useful information to managing future impacts of climate change on these systems. This study will compare temporal patterns and spatial variability of headwater in-stream temperature in six catchments in the piedmont of North Carolina in two different geological regions, Carolina slate belt and Triassic basin. The NC Neuse River Buffer Rules were established in the 1990s to protect nutrient sensitive waters through maintaining and protecting existing buffers. These buffers can also moderate diurnal fluctuations and stream temperature maximums. In October 2007 six catchments ranging from 12 to 46 hectares (i.e., four on Hill Demonstration Forest and two on Umstead Research Farm) with perennial stream channels were outfitted with stream discharge, meteorological and water temperature monitoring equipment. There were similarities in winter and summer daily maximum stream temperature and mean diurnal fluctuations within the paired and larger watersheds. However, the winter and summer water temperature patterns varied significantly between geological regions. There were smaller ranges in summer diurnal fluctuations (e.g., 0.4 o C to 2.0 o C) compared to winter fluctuations (e.g., 0.3 o C to 4.7 o C) in all watersheds, suggesting that the trees along the riparian buffers are moderating the affects of air temperature on water temperature by reducing wide fluctuations in temperature. A regression model predicted that a 2 o C increase in daily maximum air temperature would increase daily maximum water temperature 0.6 o C to 1.0 o C in the winter and 0.2 o C to 0.8 o C in the summer between watersheds.

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing and running Tcl scripts to control the Altera ® Quartus ® II software allows you to perform a wide range of functions, such as compiling a design or writing procedures to automate common tasks. You can use Tcl scripts to manage a Quartus II project, make assignments, define

Tcl Scripting

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing and running Tcl scripts to control the Altera ® Quartus ® II software allows you to perform a wide range of functions, such as compiling a design or writing procedures to automate common tasks. You can use Tcl scripts to manage a Quartus II project, make assignments, define

Tcl Scripting

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutral interstellar hydrogen in the inner heliosphere under influence of wavelength-dependent solar radiation pressure

S. Tarnopolski; M. Bzowski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combustion chemical kinetics of biodiesel and related compounds (methyl and ethyl esters): Experiments and modeling – Advances and future refinements

Lucie Coniglio; Hayet Bennadji; Pierre Alex; Re Glaude; Olivier Herbinet; Francis Billaud

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PPL Electric is a public utility company organized under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of PPL Corporation. PPL Electric owns transmission and distribution facilities located within PJM and currently serves approximately 1.4 million customers in 29 counties in eastern and central Pennsylvania. PPL Electric’s transmission system consists of approximately 5,000 miles of transmission lines and covers a service territory of approximately 10,000 square miles. PPL Electric is also the default supplier for retail customers within its service territory under Pennsylvania’s Electricity Generation Customer Choice and Competition Act, 66 Pa.C.S. § 2801, et seq. PPL Electric and its predecessors have been members of the PJM Regional Transmission Organization and its predecessor organizations since 1927. As such, PJM directs the operation of PPL Electric’s transmission facilities pursuant to the PJM Consolidated Transmission Owners Agreement. PJM provides transmission service over PPL Electric’s transmission facilities to customers under the PJM Tariff. PJM is divided into several different transmission zones and the annual transmission revenue requirement (“ATRR”) for each transmission zone is reflected in Attachment H of the PJM Tariff. The ATRR for each zone is used to establish rates for network and point-to-point transmission service within each zone and Transmission Enhancement Charges (“TECs”) pursuant to Schedules 12 and 12–Appendix of the PJM Tariff. PPL Electric currently recovers its transmission cost of service through a stated rate that is set forth in Schedules 7 and 8 and Attachment H-8 of the PJM Tariff, which establish, respectively, the point-to-point transmission rates for delivery to the PPL Group Zone 2 and the Network Integration Transmission Service (“NITS”) rates in the PPL Group Zone. PPL Electric shares the PPL Group Zone with UGI Utilities, Inc. (“UGI”), which recovers its ATRR through a formula rate, and Allegheny Electric Cooperative (“AEC”), which recovers its ATRR through a stated rate. 3 The rate for point-to-point service delivered to the PPL Group Zone or NITS within that zone is the sum of the individual rates for PPL Electric, UGI, and AEC. 4 PPL is not currently recovering TECs pursuant to Schedule 12 of the PJM Tariff.

Ms. Kimberly D. Bose; I. Background

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the spectrum of second order differential operators with complex coefficients B.M.Brown, D.K.R.M c Cormack Department of Computer Science,

M Plum

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frequency and time profiles of metric wave isolated type I solar noise storm bursts at high spectral and temporal resolution

G. A. Shanmugha Sundaram; K. R. Subramanian

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sharing knowledge, experiences, and innovations in public-private partnerships in infrastructure Expanding the frontiers of telecom markets through PPP in Peru Lessons for pro-poor initiatives

Robert Stephens Jorge Bossio

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Influence of subunit structure on the oligomerization state of light harvesting complexes: a free energy calculation study

L. Janosi A; H. Keer B; I. Kosztin A; T. Ritz B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/gene Heart-speci®c splice-variant of a human mitochondrial ribosomal protein (mRNA processing; tissue speci®c splicing)

unknown authors

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Probing the environment in Gamma-ray bursts: the case of an X-ray precursor, afterglow late onset and wind vs constant density profile in GRB011121 and GRB011211

L. Piro; M. De Pasquale; P. Soffitta; D. Lazzati; L. Amati; E. Costa; M. Feroci; C. Guidorzi; E. Montanari; L. Nicastro

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Relation between the hardness ratio and time in the first 2 seconds for compatible samples of short and long gamma-ray bursts ?

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

newsletter inside this issue: president’s welcome a not so silent underwater world norway’s seabed goes online! listening to fish fertilising the oceans with iron interview with the new ices general secretary developing science for fisheries management in a changing climate managing fisheries in marine protected areas understanding ‘essential fish habitat’ monitoring sea conditions with the help of lobster fishermen fishing for cephalopods bulletin boardICES CIEM Newsletter June 2006 “...it has been shown that the underwater background noise level on average doubled in intensity every six years in some parts of the oceans throughout the 1960s and ‘70s.” 2 President’s welcome A not so silent underwater world

unknown authors

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later) Your thesaurus codes are: 03 (03.09.2; 03.19.2) Present and future gamma-ray burst experiments

K. Hurley

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (Board) has conducted a series of reviews at Department of Energy (DOE) sites since 2008 to evaluate the implementation of Integrated Safety Management (ISM) at the activity level. The Board has transmitted reports detailing deficiencies and weaknesses in the implementation of activity-level ISM in several site-specific letters to the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and to the DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM). In your May 17, 2012, letter you reiterated DOE ' s commitment to complex-wide improvements in activity-level work planning and control and acknowledged the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) effort to develop a work planning and control guideline document. The Board is encouraged by DOE's continued commitment and understands that DOE is currently evaluating the EFCOG document. The Board notes that DOE has recently solicited feedback from NNSA and EM site offices and headquarters organizations regarding this document. The Board has developed a detailed report, DNFSBffECH-37, Integrated Safety Management at the Activity Level: Work Planning and Control. This report is enclosed for

John E. Mansfield; Joseph F. Bader; The Honorable; Daniel B. Poneman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ectodermal Wnt3/?-catenin signaling is required for the establishment and maintenance of the apical ectodermal ridge

Jeffery R. Barrow; Kirk R. Thomas; Oreda Boussadia-zahui; Robert Moore; Rolf Kemler; Mario R. Capecchi; Andrew P. Mcmahon

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GLIS3, a novel member of the GLIS subfamily of KruÈ ppel-like zinc ®nger proteins with repressor and activation functions

Yong-sik Kim; Gen Nakanishi; Mark Lew; Anton M. Jetten

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that Amendment No. 1 does not present a genuine issue as to whether public health and safety will be significantly affected. Therefore, the publication of a notice of proposed action and an opportunity for hearing or a notice of hearing is not warranted. Notice is hereby given of the right of interested persons to request a hearing on whether the action should be rescinded or modified. Further Information For further details with respect to this action, see the application dated March 5, 2008, and Amendment No. 1, which are available electronically, at NRC’s

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To facilitate the review of the additional change in corporate structure and executive officers since NRC's acceptance (Reference 2) of our original request, Enclosure 1 reproduces our original NUREG-1556 license transfer information and detailed description for the affected document sections and indicates the small amount of new or changed text with revision bars in the right margin. The previously submitted Justification and Significance Determination are not affected by the corporate structure and personnel changes. Enclosure 2 provides a revised illustration of the new USEC corporate structure. USEC respectfully requests that the NRC accept the supplemental changes to our earlier request and consent to the transfers of control of licenses in accordance with 10 CFR 70.36, at NRC's earliest convenience. If you have any questions regarding this matter, please contact me at (301) 564-3470 or

Mr. Michael F. Weber; Darren E. Mays At; Peter Iner; J. Downs; Nrc Hq

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Offshore wind farms are set to become a major part of our electricity supply in the UK. BWEA, the industry's representative body has, since the earliest discussions of the potential, been committed to ensuring that offshore wind farms are developed consistent with good environmental practice and that they win the support of local communities and other organisations. We believe that these goals can best be achieved by our industry working with communities, local authorities, Government agencies, NGOs, other stakeholder groups and all with an interest in the schemes. The Best Practice Guidelines: Consultation for Offshore Wind Energy Developments provide a useful tool for achieving these goals. We are particularly pleased that so many organisations have already agreed to put their names to this document. We trust that the guidelines will be used by everyone with an interest in a proposal. We are grateful to the dozens of organisations who have worked with us in preparing these guidelines and we'll be pleased to hear from you with your thoughts on how we can make this document even more useful as the industry grows and we learn more. By working together, we can ensure that offshore wind farms are developed with the highest level of participation, consultation and satisfaction.

Nick Goodall

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be well before the change in polarity of the solar polar magnetic fields. A list of the 80 flares used in this study is available from the authors. We obtained very similar results for the interval May 1967 to August 1972 and the interval

unknown authors

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This guidance document describes the development of composting emission factors for EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM). Included are estimates of the net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from composting of yard trimmings and food scraps, as well as mixed organics and polylactide (PLA) biopolymer resin. 1 1. A SUMMARY OF THE GHG IMPLICATIONS OF COMPOSTING During composting, microbial decomposition aerobically transforms organic substrates into a stable, humus-like material (Brown and Subler, 2007). Although small-scale composting, such as backyard composting, occurs across the United States, WARM models composting only in central composting facilities with windrow piles because data for small-scale composting or other large-scale operations are insufficient. 2 WARM includes composting as a materials management option for yard trimmings, food scraps, and mixed organics. As modeled in WARM, composting results in some carbon storage (associated with application of compost to agricultural soils), as well as minimal carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions from transportation and mechanical turning of the compost piles. To estimate the carbon storage from compost application, EPA selected point estimates from the range of emission factors covering various compost application

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the author’s institution, sharing with colleagues and providing to institution administration. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third party websites are prohibited. In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier’s archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: http://www.elsevier.com/copyright Author's personal copy BIOLOGICAL CONSERVATION 140 (2007) 130 – 141 available at www.sciencedirect.com journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/biocon Developing terrestrial, multi-taxon indices of biological integrity: An example from coastal sage scrub

Jay E. Diffendorfer A; Genie M. Fleming A; Jennifer M. Duggan A; Robert E. Chapman A; Matthew E. Rahn A; Milan J. Mitrovich A; Robert N. Fisher B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary. We present preliminary results concerning the search for short-period variable stars in Tucana and LGS3 based on very deep HST/ACS imaging. In the fraction of the observed field we studied in each galaxy, a total of 133 and 30 variables were found, respectively. For Tucana, we identified 76 of them as RR Lyrae (RRL) stars pulsating in the fundamental mode (RRab) and 32 in the first-overtone mode (RRc), as well as 2 anomalous Cepheids (AC). The mean period of the RRab and RRc is 0.59 and 0.35 days, respectively. In the case of LGS3, we found 24 RRab and 4 RRc, with mean periods 0.61 and 0.39 days, respectively, plus two candidate ACs. These values place both galaxies in the Oosterhoff gap. 1

E. J. Bernard; M. Monelli; C. Gallart; G. Bertelli; S. Cassisi; A. A. Cole; P. Demarque; A. E. Dolphin; H. C. Ferguson; S. Hidalgo; M. Mateo; L. Mayer; Navarro F. Pont

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/humrep/deh473 Association of estradiol levels on the day of hCG administration and pregnancy achievement in IVF: a systematic review

Ioannis P. Kosmas; Efstratios M. Kolibianakis; Paul Devroey

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/humrep/den216 FSHB promoter polymorphism within evolutionary conserved element is associated with serum FSH level in men

Marina Grigorova; Margus Punab; Kristo Ausmees; Maris Laan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/humrep/deh795 Serum fluctuations of total and free tryptophan levels during the menstrual cycle are related to gonadotrophins and reflect brain serotonin utilization

N. Carretti; P. Florio; A. Bertolin; C. V. L. Costa; G. Allegri; G. Zilli

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foreign body granuloma in the anterior abdominal wall mimicking an acute appendicular lump and induced by a translocated copper-T intrauterine contraceptive device: a case report

Maulana Mohammed Ansari; Syed Hasan Harris; Shahla Haleem; Rehan Fareed; Mohammed Feroz Khan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper develops a life-cycle portfolio allocation model to address the effects of housing investment on the portfolio allocation of households. The model employs a comprehensive housing investment structure, Epstein-Zin recursive preferences and a stock market entry cost. Furthermore, rather than resorting to calibration we estimate the value of the relative risk aversion and elasticity of intertemporal substitution. The model shows that housing investment has a strong crowding out effect on investment in risky assets throughout the life-cycle and predicts that homeowners are, by and large, wealthier than renters and invest more in risky assets than renters. JEL classification: G0, G11, G12, D10

Denis Pelletier; Cengiz Tunc; We Thank John Seater

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Nuclear Physics numerous possibilities exist to investigate fundamental symmetries and interactions. In particular, the precise measurements of properties of fundamental fermions, searches for new interactions in ?-decays, and violations of discrete symmeties offer possibilities to search for physics beyond Standard Theory. Precise measurements of fundamental constants can be carried out. Low energy experiments allow to probe New Physics at mass scales far beyond the reach of present accelerators or such planned for the future and at which predicted new particles could be produced directly. 1. Fundamental Forces and Symmetries Symmetries play an important and crucial role in physics. Global symmetries give rise to conservation laws and local symmetries yield forces [ 1]. To date we know four fundamental interactions: (i) Electromagnetism, (ii) Weak Interactions, (iii) Strong Interactions, and (iv) Gravitation. These four forces are fundamental in the sense that all observed dynamical processes in physics can be traced back to one or a combination of them. Together with fundamental symmetries they from a framework on which all physical descriptions ultimately rest.

Klaus P. Jungmann A; Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar proton burning, photon and anti–neutrino disintegration of the deuteron in the relativistic field theory model of the deuteron

A. N. Ivanov; H. Oberhummer; N. I. Troitskaya; M. Faber

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—A new “model-free ” control methodology is applied for the first time to power converters, and in particular to a buck converter, and to a ?uk converter. We evaluate its performances regarding load and supply variations. Our approach, which utilizes “intelligent ” PI controllers, does not require any converter identification while ensuring the stability and the robustness of the control synthesis. Simulation and experimental results show that, with a simple control structure, insensitivity to power supply fluctuations and to large load variations is ensured. Index Terms—dc/dc converters, buck converters, ?uk converters, model-free control, intelligent PI controllers, numerical differentiation.

Loïc Michel; Cédric Join; Michel Fliess; Pierre Sicard; Ahmed Chériti; Gréi Département; Génie Électrique; Génie Informatique

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indirect estimations and spatial variation in leaf area index of coniferous, deciduous and mixed forest stands in Forsmark

Torbern Tagesson; Svensk Kärnbränslehantering Ab; Laxemar; Torbern Tagesson

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the author’s institution, sharing with colleagues and providing to institution administration. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third party websites are prohibited. In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier’s archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit:

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effects of particle size, fermentation and roasting of cocoa nibs on supercritical fluid extraction of cocoa butter

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the beginning of the Middletown project the importance of determining the exact size and age distribution of the population was evident. Such information may not always be necessary in subsequent community-wide vaccination campaigns, but since one of our main objectives was to evaluate the degree of acceptance of oral vaccine in a typical small New England city, it was necessary to have accurate agespecific data. The 1960 United States census figures were not yet available; our estimates of the child population were therefore based on information obtained from birth records, from the schools, and from the Board of Education. NUMBER OF CHILDREN VACCINATED The school-aged population was determined by an exact count of the pupils in attendance at the 14 public and three parochial schools. Of the total 6,811, some 504 (chiefly those attending the two high schools and a technical school) were not Middletown residents, but were nevertheless considered eligible for vaccination. The preschool population was estimated on the basis of the number of

unknown authors

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(DOI: will be inserted by hand later) A broadband leptonic model for gamma-ray emitting microquasars

V. Bosch-ramon; G. E. Romero; J. M. Paredes

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/apthermeng Multi-period steam turbine network optimisation. Part I: Simulation based regression models and an evolutionary algorithm for finding D-optimal designs

Tor-martin Tveit; Carl-johan Fogelholm

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05840R2 1400r

Harold Greene; W. C. (charlie Kuykendall

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Section 3.11.4 in the RACM indicates that the maximum cooling capacity credit must be in combination with verified cooling coil airflow and sealed and tested ducts. Table RA2-1 of the Reference Residential Appendix RA2 indicates that the maximum cooling capacity credit must be in combination with verified cooling coil airflow, sealed and tested ducts and high EER. Which requirement is valid? I think the elimination of the refrigerant charge as an additional compliance requirement is a mistake. The original intent of the additional compliance requirements was to insure the installation quality of both the duct system and the air conditioning equipment. Eliminating the refrigerant charge relaxes the installation quality standard for the air conditioning equipment. The logic seems to be a high EER will substitute for an improperly functioning air conditioner. The higher EER will reduce the air conditioner demand at time of peak but it will not increase the reduced cooling capacity of an air conditioner with an improper refrigerant charge. 2. RACM Section 3.11.6: The requirement for duct design verification by the HERS rater has been eliminated from

Commissioner Jackalyne Pfannenstiel; Commissioner Arthur; H. Rosenfeld, Ph.D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

issue was published. See our lead story about changes in our publication schedule, necessitated by our other activities, primarily the CCC2 conference. This is the first MRB issue of 2008. ? The cover is a schematic of the fission theory for formation of planets and major moons. The left column is the sequence of events viewed in-plane, and the right column is the same sequence viewed from above. ? This is your final opportunity to sign-up for our international “Crisis in Cosmology – 2 ” (CCC2) conference from 2008 September 7-11 in Port Angeles, WA. Both participant and observer spaces remain available as of this writing, but may not remain so for very long. See

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.. 1205 banner hill road " erwin, tn 37650 iII phone 423.743.9141 aII www.nudearfuelservkescom www.nudearluelservices.com

Mr. Luis; A. Reyes; Regional Administrator

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.fuelfirst.com Pyrolysis of energy crops including alfalfa stems, reed canarygrass, and eastern gamagrass q

A. A. Boateng A; H. G. Jung B; P. R. Adler C

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hellholes ® “What I call the ‘magic jurisdiction, ’ [is] where the judiciary is elected with verdict money. The trial lawyers have established relationships with the judges that are elected; they’re State Court judges; they’re popul[ists]. They’ve got large populations of voters who are in on the deal, they’re getting their [piece] in many cases. And so, it’s a political force in their jurisdiction, and it’s almost impossible to get a fair trial if you’re a defendant in some of these places. The plaintiff lawyer walks in there and writes the number on the blackboard, and the first juror meets the last one coming out the door with that amount of money.... These cases are not won in the courtroom. They’re won on the back roads long before the case goes to trial. Any lawyer fresh out of law school can walk in there and win the case, so it doesn’t matter what the evidence or law is. ” 1 —Richard “Dickie ” Scruggs, legendary Mississippi trial lawyer who built an empire of influence suing tobacco companies, HMOs and asbestos-related companies, but who has since been disbarred and sentenced to federal prison after pleading guilty to conspiracy in an attempt to bribe a judge. “West Virginia was a ‘field of dreams ’ for plaintiffs ’ lawyers. We built it and

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Niche overlap and diet breadth in bumblebees; are rare species more specialized in their choice of flowers?

Dave Goulson; Ben Darvill

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

External morphology and ultra-structure of eggs and first instar of Prepona laertes laertes (Hübner, [1811]), with notes on host plant use and taxonomy

Dias Et Al; O M S Dias A; Mirna M Casagr; Olaf H H Mielke C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Almuth Ernsting assesses the current social and environmental impacts of large-scale biofuel production and questions whether ‘sustainability standards ’ will be enough to prevent serious problems. Few people now doubt that some of the biofuels used in Europe are produced at the expense of rainforests and other biodiverse ecosystems and that those should not be promoted as ‘green energy’. Nobody would choose to buy biodiesel made from Colombian palm oil grown on illegal plantations owned by companies linked to paramilitaries which have killed, evicted and tortured local people to grab their land. Governments and international organisations are therefore keen to develop ‘sustainability standards’. In Europe, various countries including the UK are planning ‘reporting requirements ’ on environmental and social sustainability. The European Commission has proposed environmental standards, though they do not include human rights and food security. Can sustainability guarantees work and ensure that biofuels will contribute to climate change mitigation and socially just development? Scepticism has come from many grassroots organisations, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and even a report published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

period is herewith presented to your attention.The Annual Report in the Congress year differs from other years because of the change of Technical Commission Presidents.

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

organized and driven by a point of view. As one political scientist writes, "The study of politics is itself a political act containing little that is neutral. " Or natural! If you agree with that claim, then the next step is to figure out how much confidence one should have in any political research. By placing theoretically guided empirical tradition in its developmental and historical context, this

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel mutation (T61I) in the gene encoding tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1A (TNFRSF1A) in a Japanese patient with tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) associated with systemic lupus erythematosus

H. Ida; E. Kawasaki; T. Miyashita; F. Tanaka; M. Kamachi; Y. Izumi; M. Huang; M. Tamai; T. Origuchi; A. Kawakami; K. Migita; M. Motomura; T. Yoshimura; K. Eguchi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/ijadhadh Anisotropic conductive films (ACFs) for ultra-fine pitch Chip-On-Glass (COG) applications

Myung Jin Yim; Jinsang Hwang; Kyung Wook Paik

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/heapol/czq009 Direct facility funding as a response to user fee reduction: implementation and perceived impact among Kenyan health centres and dispensaries

Antony Opwora; Margaret Kabare; Sassy Molyneux; Catherine Goodman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymer diodes require cathodes that do not corrode the polymer but do have low work function to minimize the electron injection barrier. First-principles calculations demonstrate that the work function of the (1000) surface of the compound Ca2N is half an eV lower than that of the elemental metal Ca (2.35 vs. 2.87 eV). Moreover its reactivity is expected to be smaller. This makes Ca2N an interesting candidate to replace calcium as cathode material for polymer light emitting diode devices. [PACS: 73.30 +y] 1 One of the great challenges for polymer light emitting diodes is the electron injection barrier as well as the performance degradation caused by chemical reactions of the cathode with the polymer. 1 State-of-the-art devices 2 use PPV (poly phenylene vinylene) as electro luminescence material. Often the cathode is made out of calcium, because of its low work function (2.87 eV) 3 and the presumed alignment of its Fermi level with the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital of PPV (electron affinity 2.73-2.8 eV). 4,5 Biases actually used are much higher than the optical band gap of PPV (2.4 eV) 6 namely in the order of 10 V, 1 which

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These notes will cover the numerical solution of initial value problems (IVPs) and boundary value problems (BVPs) for ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and ordinary differential-algebraic equations (DAEs). We’ll review the basic problems of the subject and the minimum existence theory necessary to make numerical methods worthwhile. Then we’ll treat the construction, analysis and selection of numerical methods for IVPs and BVPs. We will also learn to use and build software packages which implement effective methods for IVPs and BVPs. Notes will be available from the URL

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/nar/gkj510 En masse nascent transcription analysis to elucidate regulatory transcription factors

Jinshui Fan; Ming Zhan; Jikui Shen; Jennifer L. Martindale; Xiaoling Yang; Tomoko Kawai; Myriam Gorospe

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.elsevier.com/locate/jsbmb Glucocorticoid mediated transcriptional repression of c-myc in apoptotic human leukemic CEM cells

Feng Zhou; Rheem D. Medh; E. Brad Thompson

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nergy efficiency is a low-cost way to save money, E support job growth, reduce pollution, and improve the competitiveness of our businesses. We spend more than $400 billion each year to power our homes and commercial buildings. These buildings consume more than 70 percent of all electricity used in the United States—about 40 percent of our nation’s total energy bill—and contribute to almost 40 percent of the nation’s carbon dioxide emissions. Through the National Laboratories and a vast network of research and expert partners, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy/Building Technologies Program works to continually develop innovative, cost-effective energy-saving solutions— better technologies, better building practices, and better ways to improve existing buildings in which we work, shop,

Arah Schuur

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article was published in an Elsevier journal. The attached copy is furnished to the author for non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the author’s institution, sharing with colleagues and providing to institution administration. Other uses, including reproduction and distribution, or selling or licensing copies, or posting to personal, institutional or third party websites are prohibited. In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier’s archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: http://www.elsevier.com/copyright Author's personal copy Available online at www.sciencedirect.com

Lars Håkanson A; Andreas C. Bryhn; Jenny M. Eklund

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-scale visualization and characterization of lignocellulosic plant cell wall deconstruction during thermochemical pretreatment†‡

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current issue and full text archive of this journal is available at www.emeraldinsight.com/1756-8692.htm

Frances C. Moore; Michael C. Maccracken

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat dissipation sensors of variable length for the measurement of sap flow in trees with deep sapwood

Shelley A. James; Michael J. Clearwater; Frederick C. Meinzer; Guillermo Goldstein

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quinolonas y naftiridinas son conocidas como núcleo base de distintas series de compuestos con actividad terapéutica, como antibióticos, anti-inflamatorios y analgésicos. El estudio de las interacciones intramoleculares, como así también las interacciones con el medio en que se encuentran disueltos son importantes para posteriores predicciones en relaciones cuantitativas de estructura-actividad (QSAR). Se realizaron estudios de efecto de solvente en espectroscopía UV/vis a los siguientes compuestos

Detección E Identificación De; Interacciones Inter E; Intramoleculares En; Una Serie De; Juana Silber; Liliana Giacomelli; Y Rosa Cattana

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This review presents a brief discussion of the theory of Cold Dark Matter of structure formation in the universe, describing the main processes determining the power spectrum, the non-linear gravitational collapse, the formation of galaxies and the evolution of the intergalactic medium. Recent advances in the observations of high redshift galaxies, and their interpretation in the context of this theory, are then summarized. Este artículo de revisión presenta una breve exposición de la teoría de la Materia Invisible Fría de la formación de estructura en el universo, describiendo los procesos más importantes que determinan el espectro de potencia, el colapso gravitatorio no lineal, la formación de galaxias y la evolución del medio intergaláctico. Resumimos también avances recientes en las observaciones de galaxias a alto corrimiento al rojo, y la interpretación en el contexto de esa teoría. Subject headings: 1. Introducción

Jordi Miralda Escudé; Alfred P. Sloan Fellow

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limitations to the superposition principle: Superselection rules in non-relativistic quantum mechanics

C Cisneros; R P Martínez-y-romero; H N Núñez-yépez; A L Salas-brito

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

million gallons of ethanol production capacity is in service in Oregon, that after 90 days or a schedule determined through rulemaking, all gasoline sold in the state must contain 10 % volume of ethanol. The eastern side of the state will be the last to be phased into ethanol blend on 16 September 2008. In addition, HB2210 requires that all diesel fuel (except marine, locomotive and heating oil) must contain 2 % volume of biodiesel, once 5 million gallons per year capacity is in service for 3 months using Pacific Northwest feedstocks. Substantive misinformation is available to Oregonians regarding the impacts and benefits of this policy. The following addresses some of the areas of concern regarding corn based ethanol. Influence of Gasoline and Ethanol Cost and Price on the Economy Americans spent some $312 billion on about 160 billion gallons of gasoline in 2006. In 2007 they spent $526 billion for roughly the same amount of gasoline use. The forecast is for some 155 billion gallons of gasoline demand in 2008 with an annualized average cost of $3.89 per gallon for a sum of $602 billion

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene coating makes carbon nanotube aerogels superelastic and resistant to fatigue Kyu Hun Kim, Youngseok Oh and M. F. Islam* Lightweight materials that are both highly compressible and resilient under large cyclic strains can be used in a variety of applications 1–8. Carbon nanotubes offer a combination of elasticity, mechanical resilience and low density 9, and these properties have been exploited in nanotube-based foams 10–14 and aerogels 15,16. However, all nanotube-based foams and aerogels developed so far undergo structural collapse 15 or significant plastic deformation with a reduction in compressive strength 10,11,13,14 when they are subjected to cyclic strain. Here, we show that an inelastic aerogel made of single-walled carbon nanotubes can be transformed into a superelastic material by coating it with between one and five layers of graphene nanoplates. The

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elaboration and characterizations of platinum nanoparticles supported on cellulose-based carbon aerogel

Mines Paristech; Centre Mise; Forme Matériaux Cemef

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We revisit the capability of the WR winds to eject these radionuclides using new models of single nonexploding WR stars with metallicity Z = 0.02. The earlier predictions for non-rotating WR stars are updated, and models for rotating such stars are used for the first time in this context. We find that (1) rotation has no significant influence on the short-lived radionuclide production by neutron capture during the core He-burning phase, and (2) 26 Al, 36 Cl, 41 Ca, and 107 Pd can be wind-ejected by a variety of WR stars at relative levels that are compatible with the meteoritic analyses for a period of free decay of around 10 5 y between production and incorporation into the forming solar system solid bodies. We confirm the previously published conclusions that the winds of WR stars have a radionuclide composition that can meet the necessary condition for them to be a possible contaminating agent of the forming solar system. Still, it remains to be demonstrated from detailed models that this is a sufficient condition for these winds to have provided a level of pollution that is compatible with the observations.

M. Arnould; S. Goriely; G. Meynet

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doi:10.1093/humrep/dei140 Chemokine expression is dysregulated in the endometrium of women using progestin-only contraceptives and correlates to elevated recruitment of distinct leukocyte populations

Rebecca L. Jones; Naomi B. Morison; Natalie J. Hannan; Hilary O. D. Critchley; Lois A. Salamonsen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter presents an overview of landfilling as a waste management strategy in relation to the development of material-specific emission factors for EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM). Estimates of the net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from landfilling most of the materials considered in WARM and several categories of mixed waste streams (e.g., mixed paper, mixed recyclables and mixed municipal solid waste (MSW)) are included in the chapter. 1. A SUMMARY OF THE GHG IMPLICATIONS OF LANDFILLING When food scraps, yard trimmings, paper and wood are landfilled, anaerobic bacteria degrade the materials, producing methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2). CH4 is counted as an anthropogenic GHG because, even if it is derived from sustainably harvested biogenic sources, degradation would not result in CH4 emissions if not for deposition in landfills. The CO 2 is not counted as a GHG because is it considered part of the natural carbon cycle of growth and decomposition; for more information, see the text box on biogenic carbon in the Introduction & Background chapter. The other materials in WARM either do not contain carbon or do not biodegrade measurably in anaerobic conditions, and therefore do not generate any CH4. In addition to carbon emissions, some of the carbon in these materials (i.e., food scraps, yard

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon capture and storage technologies in the European power market We examine the potential of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technologies in the European electricity markets, assessing whether CCS technologies will reduce carbon emissions substantially in the absence of investment subsidies, and how the availability of CCS technologies may affect electricity prices and the amount of renewable electricity. To this end we augment a multi-market equilibrium model of the European energy markets with CCS electricity technologies. The CCS technologies are characterized by costs and technical efficiencies synthesized from a number of recent cost estimates and CCS technology reviews. Our simulations indicate that with realistic values for carbon prices, new CCS coal power plants become profitable, totally replacing non-CCS coal power investments and to a large extent replacing new wind power. New CCS gas power also becomes profitable, but does not replace non-CCS gas power fully. Substantially lower CCS costs, through subsidies on technological development or deployment, would be necessary to make CCS modification of old coal and gas power plants profitable.

Rolf Golombek; Mads Greaker; Sverre A. C; Ole Røgeberg; Finn Roar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A human skin multifunctional O-acyltransferase that catalyzes the synthesis of acylglycerols, waxes, and retinyl esters

Chi-liang Eric Yen; Charles H. Brown Iv; Mara Monetti; Robert V. Farese

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unconstrained mining of transcript data reveals increased alternative splicing complexity in the human transcriptome

I. G. Mollet; Claudia Ben-dov; Daniel Felício-silva; A. R. Grosso; Pedro Eleutério; Ruben Alves; Ray Staller; Tito Santos Silva; Maria Carmo-fonseca

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy-like nuclear inclusions are present in normal magnocellular neurosecretory neurons of the hypothalamus

Maria T. Berciano; Nuria T. Villagra; Jose L. Ojeda; Joaquin Navascues; Anita Gomes; Miguel Lafarga; Maria Carmo-fonseca

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimizing root system architecture in biofuel crops for sustainable energy production and soil carbon sequestration

Jennifer Pc To; Jinming Zhu; Philip N Benfey; Tedd Elich

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A review of research on forest-related environmental markets (including certification schemes, bioenergy, carbon markets and other ecosystem services)

P. Dargusch; T. N. Maraseni; P. Schmidt

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental design and computer simulation of multi-effect humidification (MEH)-dehumidification solar distillation H.P. Garg a *, R.S. Adhikari b, Rakesh Kumar b

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A stochastic model for the semiclassical collective dynamics of charged beams in particle accelerators 1

Nicola Cufaro Petroni; Salvatore De Martino; Silvio De Siena; Fabrizio Illuminati

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Continuous variable tangle, monogamy inequality, and entanglement sharing in Gaussian states of continuous variable systems

Gerardo Adesso; Fabrizio Illuminati

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inference of Planck action constant by a classical fluctuative postulate holding for stable microscopic and macroscopic dynamical systems

Salvatore De Martino A; Silvio De Siena A; Fabrizio Illuminati A

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

unknown title  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

asympTest: an R package for performing parametric statistical tests and confidence intervals based on the central limit theorem

J. -f. Coeurjolly; R. Drouilhet; P. Lafaye De Micheaux; J. -f. Robineau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Unknown input estimation for a class of nonlinear systems and its application to automotive engine controls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

System unmodeled dynamics and uncertainties are common issues in the design of model based controllers and observers. One way to deal with this is to design an unknown input observer to estimate those unknown variables. However it is not feasible, if ...

Chia-Shang Liu; Pingan He

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Sources of methane in China: A program to estimate emissions from rice paddy fields, bio-gas pits, and urban areas: Annual progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We are measuring methane from rice paddy fields and bio-gas pits. The project has produced new results that we are using to sharply focus the present study. We measured ambient concentrations at Minqin, Beijing, and Chendu. We obtained flux measurements from bio-gas pits, and flux measurements from rice paddy fields. Minqin is a background site with no large local sources of methane such as rice fields or urban areas. It serves as control for the experiment. Beijing is representative of a large industrialized Chinese city not affected by rice agriculture but heavily dependent on burning coal for cooking and heating. Chendu is in the heart of the rice producing areas of China where rice paddies cover millions of acres and methane from bio-gas pits is an important source of energy. Further progress was impeded by a lack of a formal agreement between the US and PRC, which was not signed until August 1987. 9 figs.

Rasmussen, R.A.; Khalil, M.A.K.

1987-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PageKeyword Biogreen Energy Systems Pvt Ltd + , Energy Company + , Biogreen makes steam turbines + , biogas engines + , and converts kitchen waste into methane rich biogas. +...

351

Experimental co-digestion of corn stalk and vermicompost to improve biogas production  

SciTech Connect

Anaerobic co-digestion of corn stalk and vermicompost (VC) as well as mono-digestion of corn stalk were investigated. Batch mono-digestion experiments were performed at 35 {+-} 1 {sup o}C and initial total solid loading (TSL) ranged from 1.2% to 6.0%. Batch co-digestion experiments were performed at 35 {+-} 1 {sup o}C and initial TSL of 6% with VC proportions ranged from 20% to 80% of total solid (TS). For mono-digestion of corn stalk, a maximum methane yield of 217.60 {+-} 13.87 mL/g TS{sub added} was obtained at initial TSL of 4.8%, and acidification was found at initial TSL of 6.0% with the lowest pH value of 5.10 on day 4. Co-digestion improved the methane yields by 4.42-58.61% via enhancing volatile fatty acids (VFAs) concentration and pH value compared with mono-digestion of corn stalk. The maximum biogas yield of 410.30 {+-} 11.01 mL/g TS{sub added} and methane yield of 259.35 {+-} 13.85 mL/g TS{sub added} were obtained for 40% VC addition. Structure analysis by X-ray diffractometry (XRD) showed that the lowest crystallinity of 35.04 of digested corn stalk was obtained from co-digestion with 40% VC, which decreased 29.4% compared to 49.6 obtained from un-treated corn stalk. It is concluded that co-digestion with VC is beneficial for improving biodigestibility and methane yield from corn stalk.

Chen Guangyin [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zheng Zheng, E-mail: zzhenghj@fudan.edu.c [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Yang Shiguan [National Engineering Laboratory of Biomass Power Generation Equipment, School of Renewable Energy, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); Fang Caixia; Zou Xingxing; Luo Yan [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

An efficient motif discovery algorithm with unknown motif length and number of binding sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most motif discovery algorithms from DNA sequences require the motif's length as input. Styczynski et al. introduced the Extended (l,d)-Motif Problem (EMP) where the motif's length is not an input parameter. Unfortunately, ... Keywords: DNA sequences, binding sites, bioinformatics, consensus pattern, extended motif problem, gene expression data, gene regulatory networks, motif discovery, motif length, transcription factors

Henry C. M. Leung; Francis Y. L. Chin

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Autonomous Path Tracking of a Kinematic Airship in Presence of Unknown Gust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The trajectory tracking problem of autonomous lighter than air vehicles in the presence of wind gusts is studied in this paper. The airship is represented as one point which is its center of volume, and only the kinematic equations are considered for ... Keywords: Airship, Gusts, Kinematic model, Lyapunov approach, Trajectory tracking

Elie Kahale; Pedro Castillo Garcia; Yasmina Bestaoui

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Effect of Brand Associations on Consumer Reactions to Unknown On-Line Brands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The temporal and spatial separation between on-line retail brands and their customers means that on-line transactions are characterized by uncertainty, anonymity, and lack of control. The resulting high perception of risk and fear of opportunism make ... Keywords: Brand Trust, Consumer Behavior, Degree Of Association, New On-Line Brands, Perceived Similarity.

Elena Delgado-Ballester; Miguel HernáNdez-Espallardo

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Efficient Sensor Deployment Control Schemes and Performance Evaluation for Obstacle and Unknown Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deployment is a fundamental issue for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). A well-designed deployment control method not only directly influences the number of deployed sensors, but also influences on data accuracy and network topology. Three widely discussed ... Keywords: Deployment, Evaluate factors, Slow-start, Square-encircled, Wireless sensor networks

Hsu-Yang Kung; Chung-Ming Huang; Hao-Hsaing Ku

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Vision-based guidance and control of a hovering vehicle in unknown environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a methodology, architecture, hardware implementation, and results of a system capable of controlling and guiding a hovering vehicle in unknown environments, emphasizing cluttered indoor spaces. Six-axis ...

Ahrens, Spencer Greg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Burbank Water and Power SBX1 2 Compliance Plan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, certificates ........................................................................................................................................ 24 2. Biogas (including pipeline biomethane with the reduction of solid waste and treatment benefits created by the use of biomass or biogas fuels. In addition

358

Staff Draft GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane ...........................................................................................................................19 2. Biogas (including pipeline biomethane with the reduction of solid waste and treatment benefits created by the use of biomass or biogas fuels. In addition

359

2007 Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee Final  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane ...........................................................................................................................18 2. Biogas (including pipeline biomethane created by the use of biomass or biogas fuels. In addition, Public Utilities Code Section 399

360

2011 Bioenergy Action Plan Prepared by the California Energy Commission for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

technology. Keywords Anaerobic digester, biogas, electricity production, manure management #12;4 Table................................................................................................................. 13 Biogas Use the flexibility to market their biogas or electricity as a commodity in a manner similar to how they manage

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Appendix B Forms Note: Current versions of these forms (downloadable) are available on-line at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane ...........................................................................................................................19 2. Biogas (including pipeline biomethane with the reduction of solid waste and treatment benefits created by the use of biomass or biogas fuels. In addition

362

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, certificates, certification, conduit ...........................................................................................................................17 2. Biogas and treatment benefits created by the use of biomass or biogas fuels. In addition, PUC Section 399

363

OCTOBER 2011 CEC3002011009SD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.......................................................................................................................................... 17 Biogas..............................................................................................................................54 Biogas

364

Host suppression and bioinformatics for sequence-based characterization of unknown pathogens.  

SciTech Connect

Bioweapons and emerging infectious diseases pose formidable and growing threats to our national security. Rapid advances in biotechnology and the increasing efficiency of global transportation networks virtually guarantee that the United States will face potentially devastating infectious disease outbreaks caused by novel ('unknown') pathogens either intentionally or accidentally introduced into the population. Unfortunately, our nation's biodefense and public health infrastructure is primarily designed to handle previously characterized ('known') pathogens. While modern DNA assays can identify known pathogens quickly, identifying unknown pathogens currently depends upon slow, classical microbiological methods of isolation and culture that can take weeks to produce actionable information. In many scenarios that delay would be costly, in terms of casualties and economic damage; indeed, it can mean the difference between a manageable public health incident and a full-blown epidemic. To close this gap in our nation's biodefense capability, we will develop, validate, and optimize a system to extract nucleic acids from unknown pathogens present in clinical samples drawn from infected patients. This system will extract nucleic acids from a clinical sample, amplify pathogen and specific host response nucleic acid sequences. These sequences will then be suitable for ultra-high-throughput sequencing (UHTS) carried out by a third party. The data generated from UHTS will then be processed through a new data assimilation and Bioinformatic analysis pipeline that will allow us to characterize an unknown pathogen in hours to days instead of weeks to months. Our methods will require no a priori knowledge of the pathogen, and no isolation or culturing; therefore it will circumvent many of the major roadblocks confronting a clinical microbiologist or virologist when presented with an unknown or engineered pathogen.

Branda, Steven S.; Lane, Todd W.; Misra, Milind; Meagher, Robert J.; Patel, Kamlesh D.; Kaiser, Julia N.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Study of solar and other unknown anti-neutrino fluxes with Borexino at LNGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the search for anti-neutrinos of yet unknown origin with the Borexino detector at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. In particular, a hypothetical anti-neutrino flux from the Sun is investigated. Anti-neutrinos are detected through the neutron inverse $\\beta$ decay reaction in a large liquid organic scintillator target. We set a new upper limit for a hypothetical solar $\\bar{\

G. Bellini; Borexino Collaboration

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

366

ISOLATION AND UTILIZATION OF ACETYL-CoA CARBOXYLASE FROM OIL PALM (Elaeis guineensis) MESOCARP Keywords: acetyl-CoA carboxylase, gene isolation, biotin carboxylase, biodegradable plastics, oil palm.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ISOLATION AND UTILIZATION OF ACETYL-CoA CARBOXYLASE FROM OIL PALM (Elaeis guineensis) MESOCARP 97 Keywords: acetyl-CoA carboxylase, gene isolation, biotin carboxylase, biodegradable plastics, oil palm; Accepted: 7 November 2007. ISOLATION AND UTILIZATION OF ACETYL-CoA CARBOXYLASE FROM OIL PALM (Elaeis

Sinskey, Anthony J.

367

Nonexistence of a universal quantum machine to examine the precision of unknown quantum states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we reveal a type of impossibility discovered in our recent research which forbids comparing the closeness of multiple unknown quantum states with any nontrivial threshold in a perfect or unambiguous way. This impossibility is distinct from the existing impossibilities in that it is a ''collective'' impossibility on multiple quantum states; most other ''no-go'' theorems are concerned with only one single state each time, i.e., it is an impossibility on a nonlocal quantum operation. This impossibility may provide new insight into the nature of quantum mechanics, and it implies more limitations on quantum information tasks than the existing no-go theorems.

Pang, Shengshi; Wu, Shengjun; Chen, Zeng-Bing [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Quantification of syntrophic fatty acid-{beta}-oxidizing bacteria in a mesophilic biogas reactor by oligonucleotide probe hybridization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small-subunit rRNA sequences were obtained for two saturated fatty acid-{beta}-oxidizing syntrophic bacteria, Syntrophomonas sapovorans and Syntrophomonas wolfei LYB, and sequence analysis confirmed their classification as members of the family Syntrophomonadaceae. S.wolfei LYB was closely related to S.wolfei subsp. solfei, but S. sapovorans did not cluster with the other members of the genus Syntrophomonas. Five oligonucleotide probes targeting the small-subunit rRNA of different groups within the family Syntrophomonadaceae, which contains all currently known saturated fatty acid-{beta}-oxidizing syntrophic bacteria, were developed and characterized. The probes were designed to be specific at the family, genus, and species levels and were characterized by temperature-of-dissociation and specificity studies. To demonstrate the usefulness of the probes for the detection and quantification of saturated fatty acid-{beta}-oxidizing syntrophic bacteria in methanogenic environments, the microbial community structure of a sample from a full-scale biogas plant was determined. Hybridization results with probes for syntrophic bacteria and methanogens were compared to specific methanogenic activities and microbial numbers determined with most-probable-number estimates. Most of the methanogenic rRNA was comprised of Methanomicrobiales rRNA, suggesting that members of this order served as the main hydrogen-utilizing microorganisms. Between 0.2 and 1% of the rRNA was attributed to the Syntrophomonadaceae, or which the majority was accounted for by the genus Syntrophomonas.

Hansen, K.H.; Ahring, B.K.; Raskin, L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Pilot project of biogas production from pig manure and urine mixture at ambient temperature in Ventanilla (Lima, Peru)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parque Porcino de Ventanilla has an extension of 840 ha with 2200 farmers dedicated to pig production. There is a lack of services in the area (i.e., water supply, electricity, or waste collection). Anaerobic treatment of pig manure would replace current dumping and incineration, reducing environmental pollution and hazards to public health, as well as providing an organic fertilizer and biogas. The objective of the present work was to study the viability of ambient temperature anaerobic digestion of pig manure diluted in urine, by means of on-site pilot scale reactors. The final goal was to establish design parameters for anaerobic digesters to be implemented; since it was part of a project to improve life conditions for the farmers through the incorporation of better management techniques. Experiments were carried out in a low-cost pilot plant, which consists of three anaerobic digesters (225 L total volume), without heating or agitation, placed in a greenhouse. The start-up of the digestion process was performed with a mixture of temperature adapted pig manure-sludge and fresh rumen, and showed a good performance regardless of the dilution of pig manure with water or urine, which is a key parameter due to the scarcity of water in the area under study.

Ferrer, I. [Environmental Engineering Division, Department of Hydraulic Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), C/Jordi Girona 1-3, Modul D1, 08034 Barcelona (Spain); GIRO Technological Center, Rambla Pompeu Fabra 1, 08100 Mollet del Valles, Barcelona (Spain)], E-mail: ivet.ferrer@upc.edu; Gamiz, M. [Environmental Engineering Division, Department of Hydraulic Maritime and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), C/Jordi Girona 1-3, Modul D1, 08034 Barcelona (Spain); Almeida, M.; Ruiz, A. [Ciudad Saludable NLO, Av. Jorge Basadre 255, Of. 401, Lima 27 (Peru)

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

cogeneration | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cogeneration cogeneration Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to electricity. Included here are four electricity generation datasets: quarterly net electricity by fuel type from 1974 to 2010 (in both GWh and PJ); annual net electricity generation by fuel type- cogeneration separated (1975 - 2009); and estimated generation by fuel type for North Island, South Island and New Zealand (2009). The fuel types include: hydro, geothermal, biogas, wind, oil, coal, and gas. Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released July 03rd, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas coal cogeneration Electricity Generation geothermal Hydro Natural Gas oil wind Data

371

Hybrid derivative-free extended Kalman filter for unknown lever arm estimation in tightly coupled DGPS/INS integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differential carrier phase observations from GPS (Global Positioning System) integrated with high-rate sensor measurements, such as those from an inertial navigation system (INS) or an inertial measurement unit (IMU), in a tightly coupled approach can ... Keywords: Global positioning system (GPS), Inertial measurement unit (IMU), Kalman filter, Lever arm

Yanrui Geng; Richard Deurloo; Luisa Bastos

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Assay of Drums with Unknown Content Stored in 247-41F  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Analytical Development Section of Savannah River Technology Center (SRTC) was requested by the Facilities Decontamination and Decommissioning Program (FDD) to determine the radionuclide content in two drums that were stored in an inactive warehouse of the Naval Fuels facility. The drums were labeled as containing fissile material and were placed in a critically safe arrangement, but it was not known whether they still contained the fissile material. Our g-PHA assay results indicate that the unknown highly enriched uranium (HEU) content of the two drums is one and 0.5 grams of surface contamination. Our neutron measurements confirmed that there are no significant lumps of 235U present in these drums and that only surface contamination is present. The results confirmed that the facility was in compliance with administrative controls for fissile materials and that it is safe to open the drums for visual inspection.

Dewberry, R.

2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

373

Optimization criteria for the stabilization of sewage sludge and biogas production through anaerobic digestion: an example of an environmental biotechnology application  

SciTech Connect

According to environmental protection and energy conservation principles, anaerobic digestion of activated sludges should have two main purposes: to stabilize the sludge within allowable limits and to increase biogas production as much as possible, in order to meet ecological requirement without neglecting a particular energy source. This implies optimization procedures for the design of the process, based upon its actual kinetics. This optimization has been developed in the present paper on the basis of experimental results on anaerobic digestion kinetics achieved in previous research.

Ferraiolo, G.; Del Borghi, M.; Gardi, R.; Solisio, C.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Programmable unknown quantum-state discriminators with multiple copies of program and data: A Jordan basis approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discrimination of any pair of unknown quantum states is performed by devices processing three parts of inputs: copies of the pair of unknown states we want to discriminate are respectively stored in two program systems and copies of data, which is guaranteed to be one of the unknown states, in a third system. We study the efficiency of such programmable devices with the inputs prepared with $n$ and $m$ copies of unknown qubits used as programs and data, respectively. By finding a symmetry in the average inputs, we apply the Jordan basis method to derive their optimal unambiguous discrimination and the minimum-error discrimination schemes. The dependence of the optimal solutions on the a prior probabilities of the mean input states is also demonstrated.

Bing He; János A. Bergou

2006-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

375

FISSION REACTORS KEYWORDS: core-barrel vibra-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a collab- orative research project between the Ringhals power plant and the Department of Nuclear Motion Monitoring," Nucl. Technol., 45, 5 ~1979!. 5. J. A. THIE, Power Reactor Noise, American Nuclear, Department of Nuclear Engineering SE-41296 Göteborg, Sweden Received December 22, 2004 Accepted

Demazière, Christophe

376

HEGIS CLASSIFICATIONS (THIS DOCUMENT IS KEYWORD SEARCHABLE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and administration 0507 Operations research 0508 Hotel and restaurant management 0509 Marketing and purchasing 0510 Transportation and public utilities 0511 Real estate 0512 Insurance 0513 International business 0514 Secretarial

McConnell, Terry

377

TRITIUM SYSTEMS KEYWORDS: tritium fuel cycle, re-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by long execution times. The large divergence in values be- tween characteristic time constants in fuel integrated simulation run is duplicated on a larger scale for the time period of interest such as doubling for the time- scale in the studies conducted here. When tritium decay is included in the net accumulation

Abdou, Mohamed

378

Comparison of different procedures to stabilize biogas formation after process failure in a thermophilic waste digestion system: Influence of aggregate formation on process stability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Mechanism of process recovery with calcium oxide. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Formation of insoluble calcium salts with long chain fatty acids and phosphate. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Adsorption of VFAs by the precipitates resulting in the formation of aggregates. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Acid uptake and phosphate release by the phosphate-accumulating organisms. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Microbial degradation of volatile fatty acids in the aggregates. - Abstract: Following a process failure in a full-scale biogas reactor, different counter measures were undertaken to stabilize the process of biogas formation, including the reduction of the organic loading rate, the addition of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and the introduction of calcium oxide (CaO). Corresponding to the results of the process recovery in the full-scale digester, laboratory experiments showed that CaO was more capable of stabilizing the process than NaOH. While both additives were able to raise the pH to a neutral milieu (pH > 7.0), the formation of aggregates was observed particularly when CaO was used as the additive. Scanning electron microscopy investigations revealed calcium phosphate compounds in the core of the aggregates. Phosphate seemed to be released by phosphorus-accumulating organisms, when volatile fatty acids accumulated. The calcium, which was charged by the CaO addition, formed insoluble salts with long chain fatty acids, and caused the precipitation of calcium phosphate compounds. These aggregates were surrounded by a white layer of carbon rich organic matter, probably consisting of volatile fatty acids. Thus, during the process recovery with CaO, the decrease in the amount of accumulated acids in the liquid phase was likely enabled by (1) the formation of insoluble calcium salts with long chain fatty acids, (2) the adsorption of volatile fatty acids by the precipitates, (3) the acid uptake by phosphorus-accumulating organisms and (4) the degradation of volatile fatty acids in the aggregates. Furthermore, this mechanism enabled a stable process performance after re-activation of biogas production. In contrast, during the counter measure with NaOH aggregate formation was only minor resulting in a rapid process failure subsequent the increase of the organic loading rate.

Kleyboecker, A.; Liebrich, M.; Kasina, M. [Microbial GeoEngineering, Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, 14473 Potsdam (Germany); Kraume, M. [Chemical and Process Engineering, Technical University Berlin, 10623 Berlin (Germany); Wittmaier, M. [Institute for Recycling and Environmental Protection, Bremen University of Applied Sciences, 28199 Bremen (Germany); Wuerdemann, H., E-mail: wuerdemann@gfz-potsdam.de [Microbial GeoEngineering, Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, 14473 Potsdam (Germany)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Energy integrated dairy farm system in Georgia: Technical manual, Mathis/P and M Dairy Farm, Social Circle, Georgia. [Cogeneration using biogas; heat recovery  

SciTech Connect

This manual describes a project sponsored to optimize energy generation and utilization in the agricultural or food processing industry. The particular project involves the Mathis/P and M Dairy Farm located in Social Circle, Georgia (about 60 miles east of Atlanta). The farm is designed for a 550 milking cow herd and produces certified raw milk for sale to a processing plant located in Atlanta. The project converted the Mathis/P and and M Dairy into an energy integrated dairy farm system (EIDFS) in which the interaction of the subsystems and components are modified such that the energy resources of the farm are optimized. This manual is a description of the system, subsystems and components composing the Mathis EIDFS and is primarily intended for farmers, extension agents, and equipment manufacturers who might be involved in future EIDFS projects. Cogeneration using biogas from manures and heat recovery from the refrigeration machinery were among the options chosen.

Walsh, J.L. Jr.; Ross, C.C.; Lamade, R.M.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Testing for the Possible Influence of Unknown Climate Forcings upon Global Temperature Increases from 1950-2000  

SciTech Connect

Global-scale variations in the climate system over the last half of the twentieth century, including long-term increases in global-mean near-surface temperatures, are consistent with concurrent human-induced emissions of radiatively active gases and aerosols. However, such consistency does not preclude the possible influence of other forcing agents, including internal modes of climate variability or unaccounted for aerosol effects. To test whether other unknown forcing agents may have contributed to multidecadal increases in global-mean near-surface temperatures from 1950 to 2000, data pertaining to observed changes in global-scale sea surface temperatures and observed changes in radiatively active atmospheric constituents are incorporated into numerical global climate models. Results indicate that the radiative forcing needed to produce the observed long-term trends in sea surface temperatures—and global-mean near-surface temperatures—is provided predominantly by known changes in greenhouse gases and aerosols. Further, results indicate that less than 10% of the long-term historical increase in global-mean near-surface temperatures over the last half of the twentieth century could have been the result of internal climate variability. In addition, they indicate that less than 25%of the total radiative forcing needed to produce the observed long-term trend in global-mean near-surface temperatures could have been provided by changes in net radiative forcing from unknown sources (either positive or negative). These results, which are derived from simple energy balance requirements, emphasize the important role humans have played in modifying the global climate over the last half of the twentieth century.

Anderson, Bruce T.; Knight, Jeff R.; Ringer, Mark A.; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Cherchi, Annalisa

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Improved Dosimetric and Clinical Outcomes With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer of Unknown Primary Origin  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To compare differences in dosimetric, clinical, and quality-of-life endpoints among a cohort of patients treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and conventional radiotherapy (CRT) for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Methods and Materials: The medical records of 51 patients treated by radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck presenting as cervical lymph node metastasis of occult primary origin were reviewed. Twenty-four patients (47%) were treated using CRT, and 27 (53%) were treated using IMRT. The proportions of patients receiving concurrent chemotherapy were 54% and 63%, respectively. Results: The 2-year estimates of overall survival, local-regional control, and disease-specific survival for the entire patient population were 86%, 89%, and84%, respectively. There were no significant differences in any of these endpoints with respect to radiation therapy technique (p > 0.05 for all). Dosimetric analysis revealed that the use of IMRT resulted in significant improvements with respect to mean dose and V30 to the contralateral (spared) parotid gland. In addition, mean doses to the ipsilateral inner and middle ear structures were significantly reduced with IMRT (p < 0.05 for all). The incidence of severe xerostomia in the late setting was 58% and 11% among patients treated by CRT and IMRT, respectively (p < 0.001). The percentages of patients who were G-tube dependent at 6 months after treatment were 42% and 11%, respectively (p < 0.001). Conclusions: IMRT results in significant improvements in the therapeutic ratio among patients treated by radiation therapy for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin.

Chen, Allen M., E-mail: allen.chen@ucdmc.ucdavis.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Li Baoqing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Farwell, D. Gregory [Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Marsano, Joseph; Vijayakumar, Srinivasan; Purdy, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

ELIGIBILITY CEC-300-2006-007-F  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commission's system for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords biodiesel, biogas, biomass, photovoltaic, power purchase agreement, renewable energy, renewables portfolio standard, repowered, retail..................................................... 7 1. Biodiesel

383

AGRICULTURAL REPORT OCTOBER 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, certificates, certification, conduit, retail sales, small hydroelectric, Self- Generation Incentive Program, solar thermal, supplemental energy .........................................................12 1. Biodiesel

384

Anaerobic co-digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste with FOG waste from a sewage treatment plant: Recovering a wasted methane potential and enhancing the biogas yield  

SciTech Connect

Anaerobic digestion is applied widely to treat the source collected organic fraction of municipal solid wastes (SC-OFMSW). Lipid-rich wastes are a valuable substrate for anaerobic digestion due to their high theoretical methane potential. Nevertheless, although fat, oil and grease waste from sewage treatment plants (STP-FOGW) are commonly disposed of in landfill, European legislation is aimed at encouraging more effective forms of treatment. Co-digestion of the above wastes may enhance valorisation of STP-FOGW and lead to a higher biogas yield throughout the anaerobic digestion process. In the present study, STP-FOGW was evaluated as a co-substrate in wet anaerobic digestion of SC-OFMSW under mesophilic conditions (37 {sup o}C). Batch experiments carried out at different co-digestion ratios showed an improvement in methane production related to STP-FOGW addition. A 1:7 (VS/VS) STP-FOGW:SC-OFMSW feed ratio was selected for use in performing further lab-scale studies in a 5 L continuous reactor. Biogas yield increased from 0.38 {+-} 0.02 L g VS{sub feed}{sup -1} to 0.55 {+-} 0.05 L g VS{sub feed}{sup -1} as a result of adding STP-FOGW to reactor feed. Both VS reduction values and biogas methane content were maintained and inhibition produced by long chain fatty acid (LCFA) accumulation was not observed. Recovery of a currently wasted methane potential from STP-FOGW was achieved in a co-digestion process with SC-OFMSW.

Martin-Gonzalez, L., E-mail: lucia.martin@uab.ca [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Colturato, L.F. [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Font, X.; Vicent, T. [Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Institut de Ciencia i Tecnologia Ambiental (ICTA) Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Spain)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commission's system for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords biodiesel, biogas, biomass of biomass or biogas fuels. In addition, Section 399.12, Subdivision (g)(3), specifies that no electricity that uses a mix of natural gas and biogas injected into a gas transportation pipeline. Once WREGIS

386

ELIGIBILITY THIRD EDITION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, certificates, certification resources or fuels (see the Overall Program Guidebook for full definitions): · Biodiesel · Biogas Authority (nonCBA) within the WECC located outside California. Facilities using biodiesel, biogas, biomass

387

DEDICATION Loyd Henry Forrest Jr.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

samples are overwhelmingly in favor of AD technology. Keywords Anaerobic digester, biogas, electricity (and other organic matter) and produces methane, a biogas that can be captured and used to generate about by waste disposal, and it produces biogas, which is a source of renewable energy. Thus, AD can

388

Contrasting the management of livestock manures in Europe with that practised in Asia: what lessons can be learnt?2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, they are rarely popular unless a financial return is implied such as in biogas schemes.20 Keywords : European40 · A greater value is given to biogas ­ often used for cooking · A greater value is given to solid effluents washed from the52 hal-00455345,version1-10Feb2010 #12;Page 4 buildings. Biogas is a popular option

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

389

monitoring data | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

monitoring data monitoring data Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

390

radiance | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

radiance radiance Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

391

bioethanol | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bioethanol bioethanol Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to renewable energy. Included here are: renewable energy balance data (energy transformation and consumer sectors) for 1990, 2000, and 2005 - 2009; annual renewable energy supply and use by fuel (hydro, geothermal, solar, wind, biogas, and woody biomass) for the period 1990 - 2009; annual estimates of total production of liquid biofuels (2007 - 2009); and, renewable energy direct use by sector (2009). Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released Unknown Date Updated January 13th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords biodiesel bioethanol biogas geothermal renewable energy solar wind Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Renewable Energy Balance (xls, 37.9 KiB)

392

temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

temperature temperature Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

393

wind direction | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direction direction Dataset Summary Description Freedom Field is a not-for-profit organization formed to facilitate development and commercialization of renewable energy solutions. The organization has installed a variety of renewable energy generating technologies at their facility (located at Rock River Water Reclamation in Rockford, IL), with the intention of serving as a demonstration facility. The facility monitors data (at 5-minute intervals) from a weather station, 12.4 kW of PV panels (56 220-watt panels), a 10kW wind turbine (HAWT), a 1.2 kW wind turbine (VAWT), an absorption cooling system, and biogas burners. Source Freedom Field Date Released July 19th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords biogas monitoring data PV radiance solar temperature

394

Teleportation of a two-qubit arbitrary unknown state using a four-qubit genuine entangled state with the combination of bell-state measurements  

SciTech Connect

We propose a protocol transferring an arbitrary unknown two-qubit state using the quantum channel of a four-qubit genuine entangled state. Simplifying the four-qubit joint measurement to the combination of Bell-state measurements, it can be realized more easily with currently available technologies.

Dong, Li; Xiu, Xiao-Ming, E-mail: xiuxiaomingdl@126.com [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)] [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China); Ren, Yuan-Peng [Bohai University, Higher Professional Technical Institute (China)] [Bohai University, Higher Professional Technical Institute (China); Gao, Ya-Jun [Bohai University, College of Mathematics and Physics (China)] [Bohai University, College of Mathematics and Physics (China); Yi, X. X. [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)] [Dalian University of Technology, School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Biogas-fueled Distributed Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a case study of the use of digester gas produced at two wastewater treatment plants in Omaha, NE to fuel electric power generators.

2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

396

Keywords MINLP, MIOCP, MILP, optimal control, integer programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(2) with pk,i ? {0,1}. We want to minimize a Mayer term .... ? with ? = 0.5 ?t. Note that for the more general case in which the integer control functions enter in a nonlinear ..... 1st solution found is optimal since best-first search is used. */ if a.d = nt ...

397

OpenEI/PageKeyword Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic SearchQuerying Get Involved...

398

Adaptive partitioned indexes for efficient XML keyword search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hand, the partitioning requirement does not necessitate thatthat the partitioning requirement does not demand the twothe partitioning requirement does not put any constraints on

Kim, Sung Jin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

OpenEI/PageKeyword Transportation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Results 1- 20 Next (20 | 50 | 100 | 250 | 500) 2011 APTA Public Transportation Fact Book + A Municipal Official's Guide to Diesel Idling Reduction + APEC-Alternative Transport...

400

OpenEI/PageKeyword United States | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Change Fuel Cell Buy-Down Program (Federal) + 2011 APTA Public Transportation Fact Book + ACEEE Energy Efficiency Scorecard + Advanced Technology Development Center ATDC +...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

OpenEI/PageKeyword Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tools + 2010 Vehicle Technologies Market Report + 2011 APTA Public Transportation Fact Book + Event:2012 Bonn Climate Change Conference + 3 Phases Energy Services + 4-County...

402

Keywords Europe Home-owners Housing wealth Pensions Welfare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Notwithstanding current market volatility, there has been exceptional expansion in owner-occupied housing sectors and increases in house prices across European countries in recent decades. In the EU, individual wealth held in housing equity, especially among older people, has been considered a substantial reserve that could be tapped into to meet future pension needs as the ageing of the population becomes a greater stress on European welfare states. This paper seeks to take the notion of ‘property-based welfare’ further by examining, in principle at least, how home ownership may function as a pension across EU states. This firstly involves very approximate estimates of the types of, and rates of, income homeowners could hypothetically generate from their homes, including forms of income in kind. Secondly, criteria are identified to estimate how ‘adequate ’ such potential incomes are in relation to working incomes and in bringing retired households above poverty levels. Thirdly, different circumstances across EU member states with regard to existing housing and pension arrangements are examined. Broad national groupings appear evident, with housing income having least impact in older member states in central and northern Europe. The paper concludes that while the potential outcome of housing wealth is country specific, in many cases, greater dependency on home ownership in welfare provision, particularly if it is used as a substitute rather than a complement to existing arrangements, may have adverse consequences for many.

John Doling; Richard Ronald; J. Doling; R. Ronald; R. Ronald

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

OpenEI/PageKeyword Wind Installations | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Oil & Gas Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Wind View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages...

404

IMPLEMENTATION FOR A COHERENT KEYWORD-BASED XML QUERY LANGUAGE.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Due to the increasing pervasiveness of data sets using the XML data format,numerous query languages have been proposed that exploit the structure inherent in XML.… (more)

Potturi, Venkatakalyan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

OpenEI/Tool/Keyword EERE tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Agent-Based Model + Cost of Renewable Energy Spreadsheet Tool (CREST) + DOE-2 Building Energy Use and Cost Analysis Software + EnergyPlus 7.0 + Facility Energy Decision System +...

406

OpenEI/Tool/Keyword Challenge Generated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ ElectricAnalysis.com + Energy Forecaster + Energy Monitoring Made Simple (EMMS) + Energy Usage Analytics + EnergyDataOnline.com + EnergyRewards + Exploring Background...

407

OpenEI/Tool/Keyword data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

from "http:en.openei.orgwikiSpecial:SearchByPropertyOpenEI-2FTool-2FKeyworddata" Special pages About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Developer services OpenEI partners...

408

OpenEI/Tool/Keyword Community Generated | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

value "Community Generated" ActiveGreenScore + Badema + Clean Home Massachusetts + Divya Energy Solar Panel Savings Calculator + ERCOT Wind Scraper + Efficiency + Energy Bank +...

409

OpenEI/PageKeyword electricity savings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

"http:en.openei.orgwikiSpecial:SearchByPropertyOpenEI-2FPageKeywordelectricity-20savings" Special pages About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Developer services OpenEI...

410

Method for measuring dose-equivalent in a neutron flux with an unknown energy spectra and means for carrying out that method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for measuring the dose-equivalent for exposure to an unknown and/or time varing neutron flux which comprises simultaneously exposing a plurality of neutron detecting elements of different types to a neutron flux and combining the measured responses of the various detecting elements by means of a function, whose value is an approximate measure of the dose-equivalent, which is substantially independent of the energy spectra of the flux. Also, a personnel neutron dosimeter, which is useful in carrying out the above method, comprising a plurality of various neutron detecting elements in a single housing suitable for personnel to wear while working in a radiation area.

Distenfeld, Carl H. (Mattituck, NY)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Radiation Therapy in the Management of Head-and-Neck Cancer of Unknown Primary Origin: How Does the Addition of Concurrent Chemotherapy Affect the Therapeutic Ratio?  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine how the addition of cisplatin-based concurrent chemotherapy to radiation therapy influences outcomes among a cohort of patients treated for head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Methods and Materials: The medical records of 60 consecutive patients treated by radiation therapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck presenting as cervical lymph node metastasis of occult primary origin were reviewed. Thirty-two patients (53%) were treated by concurrent chemoradiation, and 28 patients (47%) were treated by radiation therapy alone. Forty-five patients (75%) received radiation therapy after surgical resection, and 15 patients (25%) received primary radiation therapy. Thirty-five patients (58%) were treated by intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Results: The 2-year estimates of overall survival, local-regional control, and progression-free survival were 89%, 89%, and 79%, respectively, among patients treated by chemoradiation, compared to 90%, 92%, and 83%, respectively, among patients treated by radiation therapy alone (p > 0.05, for all). Exploratory analysis failed to identify any subset of patients who benefited from the addition of concurrent chemotherapy to radiation therapy. The use of concurrent chemotherapy was associated with a significantly increased incidence of Grade 3+ acute and late toxicity (p < 0.001, for both). Conclusions: Concurrent chemoradiation is associated with significant toxicity without a clear advantage to overall survival, local-regional control, and progression-free survival in the treatment of head-and-neck cancer of unknown primary origin. Although selection bias cannot be ignored, prospective data are needed to further address this question.

Chen, Allen M., E-mail: allen.chen@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Farwell, D. Gregory [Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Lau, Derick H. [Department of Medical Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Li Baoqing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States); Luu, Quang; Donald, Paul J. [Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, CA (United States)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Modification of the Monte Carlo method for calculation of the influence of unknown placement of solid radioactive waste on the uncertainty of dose fields at different overall container dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to estimating the uncertainty of initial data in calculations by the Monte Carlo method is considered. The relative geometrical position of parts of the analyzed system is assumed to be unknown. The influence of different approximations in the description of the geometrical shape of system objects is studied. The effect of unknown location and approximate shape description of solid radioactive waste in the container on the magnitude of dose fields is considered for photon transport problems.

Androsenko, P. A.; Kolganov, K. M., E-mail: smilodonam@yandex.ru; Mogulyan, V. G. [National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

413

Role of Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Cervical Lymph Node Metastases From an Unknown Primary Site: Retrospective Analysis of 113 Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The management of patients with cervical lymph-node metastases from unknown primary site (UPS) remains a matter of discussion. This study aimed to analyze the results and prognostic factors in a series of patients treated with radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: Data from 113 patients who presented with cervical lymph nodes metastases from UPS treated from 1980 to 2004 were reviewed. Eighty-seven patients (77.0%) were squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Ninety-one patients were treated with curative and 22 with palliative intent. Fifty-nine of 113 patients (52.2%) received surgery followed by radiotherapy and 54 of 113 (47.8%) received radiotherapy alone. Radiotherapy was delivered to the neck and pharyngeal mucosa in 67 patients and to the ipsilateral or bilateral neck in 45 patients. Twenty-one patients (18.5%) also received chemotherapy. Results: The 5-year overall survival rates were 40.7% for the entire group and 46.6% for the SCC subgroup. The occurrence of the occult primary was observed in 23 of 113 patients (20.3%), 19 (82.6%) within the head and neck region. At multivariate analysis, treatment with curative intent and extensive irradiation of bilateral neck and pharyngeal mucosa were favorable prognostic factors for the whole series, and treatment with curative intent, extensive irradiation of bilateral neck and pharyngeal mucosa, and absence of extracapsular spread were favorable prognostic factors for the SCC subgroup. Conclusions: Patients with cervical lymph node metastases from UPS have a similar prognosis to those affected by other head and neck malignancies. Curative treatment strategies including neck dissection and extensive irradiation by three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy resulted in significantly better outcomes.

Beldi, Debora [Radiotherapy Department, Hospital Maggiore della Carita, Novara (Italy); Jereczek-Fossa, Barbara A. [Radiotherapy Department, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); University of Milan, Milan (Italy); D'Onofrio, Alberto [Epidemiology and Biostatistics, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); Gambaro, Giuseppina [Radiotherapy Department, Hospital Maggiore della Carita, Novara (Italy); Fiore, Maria Rosaria [Radiotherapy Department, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); Pia, Francesco [Head and Neck Surgery, University of Piemonte Orientale-Hospital Maggiore della Carita, Novara (Italy); Chiesa, Fausto [Head and Neck Surgery, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); Orecchia, Roberto [Radiotherapy Department, European Institute of Oncology, Milan (Italy); University of Milan, Milan (Italy); Krengli, Marco [Radiotherapy Department, Hospital Maggiore della Carita, Novara (Italy); University of 'Piemonte Orientale', Novara (Italy)], E-mail: krengli@med.unipmn.it

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Effects of Fe2+ on the Anaerobic Digestion of Chicken Manure: A Batch Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trace elements are considered to be essential for anaerobic process. Laboratory-scale batch studies were undertaken to evaluate the effect of Fe2+on the biogas production from chicken manure at mesophilic condition (37 ±1°C). The biogas production ... Keywords: anaerobic digestion, chicken manure, dynamics, iron, stimulation and inhibition

Zhang Wanqin; Guo Jianbin; Wu Shubiao; Dong Renjie; Zhou Jie; Lang Qianqian; Li Xin; Lv Tao; Pang Changle; Chen Li; Wang Baozhi

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Cooperative Approaches for Implementation of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;#12;Abstract Anaerobic digestion of dairy manure produces biogas that can be captured and used for fuel while offering environmental benefits. Dairy farmer use of anaerobic digesters is not widespread due to various returns from energy and byproduct sales. Keywords: Anaerobic digestion, biogas, cooperatives, carbon

Laughlin, Robert B.

416

Functional Annotation and Mechanistic Characterization of Enzymes with Unknown Functions: Studies on Adenine Deaminase, N-6-Methyladenine Deaminase and the C-P Lyase Pathway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adenine deaminase (ADE) catalyzes the conversion of adenine to hypoxanthine. Mechanistic characterization of ADE from Escherichia coli was performed along with biophysical studies. The structure of ADE was solved from A. tumefaciens. The structure, along with the biochemical and biophysical characterization, enabled the elucidation of the mechanism of the deaminase reaction of ADE. Elucidation of the origin of the oxygenation reactions within ADE led to the discovery of a promiscuous catalase reaction. The diiron ADE from all tested bacterial species exhibited this unusual reaction, along with the generation of superoxide and hydroxyl radicals, the latter being responsible for the oxygenation of the protein. The residues that were identified to be oxygenated were primarily the metal binding residues implying the origin of this reaction was the binuclear iron center. A group of bacterial enzymes that are co-localized in the same genomic operon as ADE but of unknown function were identified. The enzyme Bh0637 from Bacillus halodurans, a representative member of this group of enzymes was characterized. This enzyme was shown to preferentially catalyze the deamination of epigenetic base, N-6-methyadenine. Lastly, gram-negative bacteria have a highly conserved phn operon composed of 14 genes to break the C-P bond of inert alkylphosphonates. The genes phnGHIJKLM are absolutely critical for this activity. We discovered that methylphosphonate reacts first with MgATP to form alpha-D-ribose-1-methylphosphonate-5-triphosphate (RPnTP) and adenine by the action of PhnI, PhnG, PhnH and PhnL. PhnI by itself was shown to perform a novel nucleosidase reaction converting MgATP to ribose-5-triphosphate and adenine. The triphosphate moiety of RPnTP is then hydrolyzed to pyrophosphate and alpha-D-ribose-1-methylphosphonate-5-phosphate (PRPn) by PhnM. The carbon-phosphorus bond of PRPn is subsequently cleaved via a radical-based reaction to alpha-D-ribose-1,2-cyclic-phosphate-5-phosphate (PRcP) and methane in the presence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine by PhnJ.

Kamat, Siddhesh

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Arnold Schwarzenegger ANAEROBIC DIGESTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor ANAEROBIC DIGESTER IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES Phase I - A Survey of U concrete steps to install an anaerobic digestion (AD) facility and documentation of the factors technology. Keywords Anaerobic digester, biogas, electricity production, manure management #12;4 Table

418

Arnold Schwarzenegger ANAEROBIC DIGESTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor ANAEROBIC DIGESTER IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES Phase II - A Survey who took concrete steps to install an anaerobic digestion (AD) facility and documentation samples are overwhelmingly in favor of AD technology. Keywords Anaerobic digester, biogas, electricity

419

spring/summer 2009 volume 14, number 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.................................................. 8 1. Biodiesel the Energy Commission's system for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords biodiesel, biogas, renewable energy, Renewables Portfolio Standard, repowered, retail sales, small hydroelectric, solar

Brye, Kristofor R.

420

Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Augustin J et al. Automated gas chromatographic system forof the atmospheric trace gases methane, carbon dioxide, andfuel consumption and of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from

Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cameron KC. Nitrous oxide emissions from two dairy pastureand land use on N 2 O emissions from an imperfectly drainedoptions for N 2 O emissions from differently managed

Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Biogas: full-scale process design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent feasibility study of converting manure from 100,000 head of cattle methane revealed that the process is technically feasible, but the produced gas is not competitively priced when compared to alternate sources of natural gas. This paper describes the study and its findings.

Sailor, M.K.; Licht, L.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Biogas Production System as an "Upcycler".  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Sustainable development is a growing concern for inhabitants of the planet earth. Consumption of fossil sources keeps up the depletion of nature’s capital and… (more)

Parsapour, Aminabbas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Wetland biomass - suitable for biogas production?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Wetlands have long been used as natural waste water treatment systems to remove excess nutrients from agriculture or other waste waters. Common reed (Phragmites… (more)

Akula, Viswa Raj

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Greenhouse gas emissions in biogas production systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

had a Luvisol with sandy loam texture. As silage maize isat the site Karkendamm with sandy soil (Fig. 2). Both sitesstony silt loam and fine sandy loam soil and applied urea

Dittert, Klaus; Senbayram, Mehmet; Wienforth, Babette; Kage, Henning; Muehling, Karl H

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Tracking highly maneuverable targets with unknown behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for maneuvering target tracking,” IEEE Trans. Aerosp.converted measurements for tracking,” IEEE Trans. Aerosp.particle filters for tracking a maneuvering target,” in

Schell, C; Linder, S P; Zeidler, J R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Detecting unknown network attacks using language models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a method for network intrusion detection based on language models such as n-grams and words. Our method proceeds by extracting these models from TCP connection payloads and applying unsupervised anomaly detection. The essential part ...

Konrad Rieck; Pavel Laskov

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

DETECTION OF KNOWN AND UNKNOWN NATURALLY ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... contaminants. The predominant sources of halogenated secondary metabolites are sponges, algae and cyanobacteria. ...

429

Adding control to arbitrary unknown quantum operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While quantum computers promise significant advantages, the complexity of quantum algorithms remains a major technological obstacle. We have developed and demonstrated an architecture-independent technique that simplifies adding control qubits to arbitrary quantum operations-a requirement in many quantum algorithms, simulations and metrology. The technique is independent of how the operation is done, does not require knowledge of what the operation is, and largely separates the problems of how to implement a quantum operation in the laboratory and how to add a control. We demonstrate an entanglement-based version in a photonic system, realizing a range of different two-qubit gates with high fidelity.

Xiao-Qi Zhou; Timothy C. Ralph; Pruet Kalasuwan; Mian Zhang; Alberto Peruzzo; Benjamin P. Lanyon; Jeremy L. O'Brien

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

430

Optical Sensor for Unknown Gas Detection  

Giving animals in need a HOME. November 14, 2013. LLNL, Intel, ... Breath analysis for explosives or radiological exposure assessment in Homeland Security applications;

431

Quantum state estimation with unknown measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved measurement techniques are central to technological development and foundational scientific exploration. Quantum optics relies upon detectors sensitive to non-classical features of light, enabling precise tests of physical laws and quantum-enhanced technologies such as precision measurement and secure communications. Accurate detector response calibration for quantum-scale inputs is key to future research and development in these cognate areas. To address this requirement quantum detector tomography (QDT) has been recently introduced. However, the QDT approach becomes increasingly challenging as the complexity of the detector response and input space grows. Here we present the first experimental implementation of a versatile alternative characterization technique to address many-outcome quantum detectors by limiting the input calibration region. To demonstrate the applicability of this approach the calibrated detector is subsequently used to estimate non-classical photon number states.

Merlin Cooper; Michal Karpinski; Brian J. Smith

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

432

Chemometric Characterization and Classification of Unknown ...  

Computers & Electronics; Enabled by the Office of Science. Security & Privacy | Contact PNNL. Last Update: February 2012 | Pacific Northwest ...

433

The Zero Touch Experience : intent based contextual morphing on mobile devices using localized keyword distributions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the rise of smart phones integrated with GPS devices, we have seen the advent of location-based contextual services. "Contextual" in this sense, refers to a simple query of nearby points of interest based on the current ...

Kim, Jong-Moon, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

I. Key-Words vgl. a. Glossar – Cd-Rom - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Durst machen. (Desire = Wunsch). Den idealen, zukünftigen ..... tingstrategie über die 4 P. (Product, Place, Price, Pro- motion) versucht das Unternehmen diese ...

435

OpenEI/Tool/Keyword Green Button Apps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

+ Energy Forecaster + Energy Insight + Energy Monitoring Made Simple (EMMS) + Energy Usage Analytics + EnergyAi + EnergyDataOnline.com + EnergyRewards + Exploring...

436

From Keyword Search to Exploration: Designing Future Search Interfaces for the Web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This monograph is directed at researchers and developers who are designing the next generation of web search user interfaces, by focusing on the techniques and visualizations that allow users to interact with and have control over their findings. Search ...

Max L. Wilson; Bill Kules; m. c. schraefel; Ben Shneiderman

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Keywords: biosensor, finite element method, dispersion relations *Contact: turova@caesar.de  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is lower than in the substrate, shear waves will be transmitted into the guiding layer. The guiding layer waves measured by an electric circuit. Our previous work concentrated on the development of mathematical are being varied, can hardly be performed. A way to speed up numerical simulations consists in the usage

Turova, Varvara

438

[Shopping Using the Product/Keyword Search] Updated March 15, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search returns products from the hosted catalogs. Start with by entering an item into the search field/Shop tab at the top to start your search 1. Shop at the Top To start searching for an item, enter the item in the search field ­ include specific search terms, such as "latex-free gloves" instead of just "gloves". New

Choate, Paul M.

439

OpenEI/Tool/Keyword Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Autonomie Automotive Simulation Tool + Bioenergy KDF + Energy Input Output Calculator + Energy and Cost Savings Calculators for Energy-Efficient Products + FEMP Solar Hot Water...

440

CO2 emissions | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Source European Commission Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords Biofuels CO2 emissions EU GHG emissions Data applicationvnd.ms-excel icon Total GHG and CO2...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Samspel, etablering och koppling mellan naturgas och biogas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Sweden has a natural gas grid extending along the west coast, from Trelleborg to Stenungsund. There are also several smaller local networks where a… (more)

Kovac, Elvedin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

The emergence of biogas infrastructures in The Netherlands.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Due to increasing energy dependencies, environmental concerns and European directives on sustainability, The Netherlands is increasing its share in renewable energy production. This has led… (more)

Pijnenborg, F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Micro-aeration for hydrogen sulfide removal from biogas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The presence of sulfur compounds (e.g. protein, sulfate, thiosulfate, sulfite, etc.) in the feed stream generates highly corrosive and odorous hydrogen sulfide during anaerobic digestion.… (more)

Duangmanee, Thanapong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Biogas in Sweden - Opportunities and challenges from a systems perspective.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Addressing today’s challenges of reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and related emissions of greenhouse gases requires measures such as increased energy efficiency and replacement… (more)

Lantz, Mikael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Energy Extraction from Horse Manure Biogas plant vs. Heating Plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Wången is a trotting school located in Alsen region in Mid Sweden. Currently they keep almost 105 horses in their premises, which produce 2… (more)

Moazedian, Amitis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Potential of biogas production from livestock manure in China.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With great change of food pattern on Chinese people‘s table, livestock production has been expanded to meet increasing demand of meat, egg and dairy products.… (more)

Liu, Gougou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Biogas production Potential of Cotton Seed Cake and Rapeseed Cake.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of… (more)

Selamawit, Seyoum

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

IMPROVING BIOGAS PRODUCTION BY ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF DIFFERENT SUBSTRATES.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Global energy demand is rapidly increasing. In contrast, fossil fuel reserves are decreasing. Today, one of the major challenge is energy supply for the… (more)

Ertem, Funda Cansu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Comparison of Biogas and Bioethanol for Sweden Transportation Fleet.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Biofuels were recently seen as a solution for the predicaments of our age; the “energy crisis” and the” climate change”. Today biofuels derived from… (more)

Ahmadi Moghaddam, Elham

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Quality and Usage of Biogas Digesters in Uganda.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Global concerns of climate change, increased greenhouse gas emissions and security of energy supply have accelerated the search for alternative energy sources both indeveloped… (more)

Lutaaya, Fred

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Prediction of diesel engine performance using biofuels with artificial neural network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodiesel, bioethanol and biogas are the most important alternative fuels produced by using biologic origin sources. Effect of biofuel on engine performance is one of the research subjects of today. The engine experiments to test the engines are many ... Keywords: Artificial neural network, Biodiesel, Bioethanol, E-diesel, Engine performance

Hidayet O?uz; Ismail Sar?tas; Hakan Emre Baydan

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Computational fluid dynamics modelling of sewage sludge mixing in an anaerobic digester  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the development of a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model to simulate the mechanical mixing of sewage sludge at laboratory scale is reported. The paper recommends a strategy for modelling mechanically mixed sewage sludge at laboratory ... Keywords: Biogas, CFD, Digestion, Energy, Non-Newtonian fluid, Sewage sludge, Turbulence

J. Bridgeman

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Application of CHL model for estimating biomass pyrolysis yield  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The pyrolysis of wood biomass represents a valid technique for recovering "green" fuel from residues of forestry and other activities, in agriculture as in industry, where wood and other plant residues are available. Wood biomass is essentially a composite ... Keywords: CHL model, biogas yield, biomass, numerical analysis, pyrolysis, rate estimation

Francesco Marra

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A (2013) 48, 319330 Copyright C Taylor & Francis Group, LLC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polishing by a channelized macrophyte- dominated wetland and anaerobic digestion of the harvested phytomass. In mixed vertical-flow reactors anaerobic co-digestion of equal dry weight proportions of harvested aquatic treatment processes. Keywords: Anaerobic co-digestion, aquatic weeds, biofuel, biogas, constructed wetland

Cohen, Michael F.

455

Effect of Substrate Concentration on Methane Fermentation of Cattle Dung  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methane fermentation of cattle manure (CM) with different total solid contents were conducted in the laboratory-scale batch reactors (2.5 L volume) in order to determine the substrate concentration performance and potential energy recovery at the optimal ... Keywords: Cattle manure, Substrate concentration, Dry fermentation, Wet fermentation, Biogas

Jha Ajay Kumar; He Junguo; Li Jianzheng; Zheng Guocheng

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Renewable Energy 32 (2007) 12431257 Methane generation in landfills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2006 Abstract Methane gas is a by-product of landfilling municipal solid wastes (MSW). Most tonnes of methane annually, 70% of which is used to generate heat and/or electricity. The landfill gas. All rights reserved. Keywords: Landfill gas; Renewable energy; Municipal solid waste; Biogas; Methane

Columbia University

457

Members: Log in | Not Registered? Register for free extra services. KeywordsChoose Another City: San Jose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of lists | business intelligence | classifieds | view digital edition | article reprints rights | purchase 18 percent of the United States' annual gross domestic product and employ 9 percent of its work force

Prinz, Friedrich B.

458

A Flexible Approach to Reassembling Thin Artifacts of Unknown Geometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

remarkably well with NBTI simulations. Since D increases with time, the degradation becomes faster as D/W://public.itrs.net [15] A. K. O. Jeppson and C. M. Svensson, "Negative bias of MOS devices at high electric fields

Nishino, Ko

459

Identifying the unknown circuit breaker statuses in power networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes an approach by which the circuit breaker status errors can be detected and identified in the presence of analog measurement errors. This is accomplished by using the least absolute value (LAV) state estimation method and applying the previously suggested two stage estimation approach. The ability of the LAV estimators to reject inconsistent measurements, is exploited in order to differentiate between circuit breaker status and analog measurement errors. The first stage of estimation uses a bus level network model as in conventional LAV estimators. Results of Stage 1 are used to draw a set of suspect buses whose substation configurations may be erroneous. In the second stage, the identified buses are modeled in detail using the bus sections and the circuit breaker models while keeping the bus level network models for the rest of the system. The LAV estimation is repeated for the expanded system model and any remaining significant normalized residuals are flagged as bad analog measurements, while the correct topology is determined based on the estimated flows through the modeled circuit breakers in the substations. The proposed approach is implemented and tested. Simulation results for cases involving circuit breaker status and/or analog measurement errors are provided.

Abur, A.; Kim, H. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Celik, M.K. [Celik (Mehmet K.), San Francisco, CA (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Identification of Unknown Selenium Species in Flue Gas Desulfurization Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flue gas desulfurization (FGD) is a process used in the electrical power industry to remove sulfur dioxide (SO2) from flue gas produced by coal-fired power plants. In a wet FGD system, circulating water must be periodically blown down and treated to remove solids and dissolved chemicals. Along with SO2, other substances in flue gas may dissolve in water, including selenium (Se). In addition to the common selenium species selenite and selenate, past research has identified selenium-containing species that...

2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Methods for characterizing, classifying, and identifying unknowns in samples  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed is a method for taking the data generated from an array of responses from a multichannel instrument, and determining the characteristics of a chemical in the sample without the necessity of calibrating or training the instrument with known samples containing the same chemical. The characteristics determined by the method are then used to classify and identify the chemical in the sample. The method can also be used to quantify the concentration of the chemical in the sample.

Grate, Jay W [West Richland, WA; Wise, Barry M [Manson, WA

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

carbon emissions | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords capacity carbon emissions energy demand Energy Generation fossil fuels GHG emissions UK Data applicationvnd.openxmlformats-office...

463

NatCarb | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary Description No description given. Source National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Date Released August 15th, 2008 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords canada...

464

carbon capture | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary Description No description given. Source National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Date Released August 15th, 2008 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords canada...

465

GIS Data from the 2008 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Atlas of the United States and Canada. Source National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Date Released August 12th, 2008 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords canada...

466

GIS Data from the 2008 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Atlas of the United States and Canada. Source National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Date Released August 08th, 2008 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords canada...

467

carbon sequestration | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary Description No description given. Source National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Date Released August 15th, 2008 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords canada...

468

canada | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Summary Description No description given. Source National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Date Released August 15th, 2008 (5 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords canada...

469

Table of Contents - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biogas Production from Cassava Waste . ..... Biogas Digester with Built-in Solar Collector .......................................................................................................................1803.

470

Climate Change Action in Arizona  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

requirement, including biogas and biomass electricityen- ergy resources (defined as biogas, biomass, geothermal,

Owens, Steve

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Integrated Graduate Education & Research Traineeships: Transportation Technology & Policy Final Grant Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle engines that burn biogas made from anaerobicallyfocus on utilization of biogas in small engines. Mechanical

Mokhtarian, Patricia L; Tolentino, Joan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Mitigation potential and cost in tropical forestry - relative role for agroforestry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

animal husbandry, biogas use for energy, fertilizerof animal and farm waste for biogas production for community

Makundi, Willy R.; Sathaye, Jayant A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

AIJ in the Non-Energy Sector in India: Opportunities and Concerns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy requirement (through biogas systems) and electricitybioenergy technologies, biogas and producer gas systems,

Ravindranath, N.H.; Meili, Anandi; Anita, R.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Integrated Graduate Education & Research Traineeships (IGERT): Transportation Technology & Policy Final Grant Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle engines that burn biogas made from anaerobicallyfocus on utilization of biogas in small engines. Mechanical

Mokhtarian, Patricia L; Tolentino, Joan S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Waste Growth Challenges Local Democracy. The Politics of Waste between Europe and the Mediterranean: a Focus on Italy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

option (obviously with biogas recovery) although producingdegrees of improvement (e.g. biogas recovery, pretreatment

Mengozzi, Alessandro

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

VANDERBILTSENIOR DESIGN PROJECTS SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

..............................................................................................9 Biogas to Electricity Conversion.................................................10 Design of Scalable Biogas Digester for the Developing World

Bordenstein, Seth

477

Fraunhofer ISE IEA HPP Annex 43  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the future? Biogas from biological waste: agriculture, landfill, waste (sewage) water Usage of biogas: heat

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

478

Dansk Gasteknisk Center a/s Dr. Neergaards Vej 5B 2970 Hrsholm Tlf. 2016 9600 Fax 4516 1199 www.dgc.dk dgc@dgc.dk Forgasning Fase I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.................................................................................................................11 4 Kort om naturgas/biogas....................................................................................13 4.2 Biogas

479

Økologisk Biogas – Hvidbog for en hurtigere udbredelse i Danmark; Biogas in Organic Agriculture – White paper for a faster implementation in Denmark.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The organic production is based around principles regarding sustainability, however the production is still dependent on fossil fuels and import of manure from the conventional… (more)

Canu, Federico

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Dialogue, equality and trust are keywords in our relations with our employees and all our collaboration partners www.risoe.dk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste Seasonal fluctuation - storage capacity Coal and gas plant - heat bindings Mainly base load.Karlsson@risoe.dk Example: Inefficient System Integration Why? · Hydrogen production followed an exogenous given profile

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "unknown keywords biogas" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stevenson 2010-2012 Northumberland County, PA PA Green Energy Works Targeted Grant - Biogas- Furmano Foods Biogas Recovery and Utilization Use biogas from upgraded WWTP to...

482

How Can China Lighten Up? Urbanization, Industrialization and Energy Demand Scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as firewood, stalks and biogas continues to dominate ruralwith notable growth in biogas and stalks consumption (Consumption Firewood Stalks Biogas kgce per capita Source:

Aden, Nathaniel T.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Clean Energy Technologies: A Preliminary Inventory of the Potential for Electricity Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

treatment plants release biogas through the decomposition oforganic matter. The biogas (mostly methane) can be capturedgenerate electricity from biogas and they have the same rate

Bailey, Owen; Worrell, Ernst

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A.T, 2001: Prospects for biogas harvesting at Sungunn WongseRenewables Biomass, Biogas, PV, Wind turbines, Hydropowermill, fluidized bed kiln Biogas, Biomass Cullet preheating

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Agricultural Soil Carbon Sequestration Offset Programs: Strengths, Difficulties, and Suggestions for Their Potential Use in AB 32's Cap and Trade Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

offset credits for installing “a biogas control system thatemissions by installing biogas control systems (BCS), whichin exchange for installing biogas control systems (BCS), a

Bernadett, Lauren

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ag/Forestry Residues Biogas from org effluent Municipalmil m2 Mtce Mt consumption Biogas and Biomass GasificationBesides solar water heaters, biogas is another alternative

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western Utility Resource Plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for 2014 as follows: biogas (45 MW), biomass (40 MW), wind (Additions (MW) biomass, biogas, hydro geothermal wind windwind, geothermal, biomass, biogas, hydropower, and solar. In

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Innovation, renewable energy, and state investment: Case studies of leading clean energy funds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alliant Corp. press release, “Biogas Demonstration ProjectCalifornia Energy Commission Biogas R&D Program OpportunityCo. for Approval of Its Biogas Renewable Energy Distributed

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Milford, Lewis; Porter, Kevin; Clark, Roger

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Actual trends of decentralized CHP integration -- The Californian investment subsidy system and its implication for the energy efficiency directive (Aktuelle Trends in der dezentralen KWK Technologie Integration -- Das kalifornische Fordermodell und dessen Implikation fur die Endenergieeffizienzrichtlinie)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Treibstoffe kommen Erdgas, Biogas, Klärgas, Deponiegas,zum Teil verunreinigtem Biogas (Stadler et al. , 2006). Diekönnen mit Erdgas, Biogas oder Benzin betrieben werden.

Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gasolines and diesels, biogas, synthetic natural gas,manure- biodigesters (biogas). Biomethane has similarin landfill gas Methane in biogas from waste-water treatment

Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mathematical model of the biogas process was formulated withKey words: bacteria, biogas process, hydrogen transfer,cellulose, anaerobic digestion, biogas process, bioreactors,

Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

PROJECTS FROM FEDERAL REGION IX DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM PART II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B - Revised Description of: Biogas Energy for Hawaiian Smallprojected. Also, the low pressure biogas requires additional5000 - 5500 cubic feet of biogas (60% methane) daily may be

Case, C.W.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

China Energy Primer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources 16 . Historically, biogas has been used since 1920the government considered biogas production an effective andof small hydropower, biogas, and small wind turbines to

Ni, Chun Chun

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Maximizing Power Output in Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) Engines and Enabling Effective Control of Combustion Timing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental study of biogas combustion characteristics andthe operation range of a biogas HCCI engine for powerOperating Conditions in a Biogas Fueled HCCI Engine for

Saxena, Samveg

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biomass, hydro power and biogas. Other options with vastTechnologies addressed Wind, biogas All technologies (exceptelectricity, Biomass, Biogas, Landfill gas, Sewage gas,

Haas, Reinhard

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

The soil organic matter dynamic by using different compost organic manure in a vegetable system in North China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to cattle manure compost and biogas residue compost. Higherafter crop harvest in biogas residue compost treatment.2) cattle compost, 3) biogas residue, 4) control, no

Sun, Qinping; Li, Jijin; Liu, Bensheng; Zou, Guoyuan; Liu, Baocun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Emerging energy-efficient industrial technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

company provides biogas for electricity production. ”digestion to produce biogas. ” Project no. US- 90-141.combustion of natural gas and biogas. ” Project no. NL-97-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Opportunities for Energy Efficiency and Open Automated Demand Response in Wastewater Treatment Facilities in California -- Phase I Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A byproduct of this process is biogas which contains 50– 70%Partners LLC 2007). This biogas can be used to generate heatmethane fermentation and biogas recovery (Green 1995).

Lekov, Alex

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Land Use Planning to Promote Marine Conservation of Coral reef Ecosystems in Moorea, French Polynesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Waste into Resource Anaerobic biogas tank Anaerobic pondsor tanks can capture biogas resulting from the degradationprocess. Biogas is produced in many countries for cook-

Timothy Duane

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Pre-clinical Measures of Eye Damage (Lens Opacity), Case-control Study of Tuberculosis, and Indicators of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Smoke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

other cleaner burning fuels (biogas or LPG) for cooking andstove with improved stove or biogas can be suggested, if thegaseous-burning-fuel stove (biogas, liquefied petroleum gas,

Pokhrel, Amod Kumar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z