Sample records for units age age

  1. Nuclear power plant performance assessment pertaining to plant aging in France and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guyer, Brittany (Brittany Leigh)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of aging on nuclear power plant performance has come under increased scrutiny in recent years. The approaches used to make an assessment of this effect strongly influence the economics of nuclear power plant ...

  2. A comparison of recharge rates in aquifers of the United States based on groundwater-age data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . McMahon & L. N. Plummer & J. K. Böhlke & S. D. Shapiro & S. R. Hinkle Abstract An overview of recharge in selected unconfined aquifer systems of the United States. Apparent age distributions, numerical hydraulic modeling, water-table fluctuations, stream base-flow separation, and various other types

  3. Aging of gaseous detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Va'Vra, J.

    1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper makes an overview of developments in the wire chamber aging field since the wire chamber aging workshop held at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California on January 16--17, 1986. The author discusses new techniques to analyze the gas impurities and the wire aging products, wire nonaging'' in clean systems, wire aging in systems containing various impurities, various examples of problems which can prime'' surfaces prior to the occurrence of the aging, and some recent aging experience with the SSC micro-straw tubes.'' 35 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  4. Table HIST002R_2. Death rates for 113 selected causes by 5-year age groups, race and sex: United States, 1979-98

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter, David

    _2. Death rates for 113 selected causes, by 5-year age groups, race and sex: United States, 1979Table HIST002R_2. Death rates for 113 selected causes by 5-year age groups, race and sex: United though the cause-of-death titles may be the same. Deaths rates are per 100,000 population in specified

  5. Table HIST002R_1. Death rates for 113 selected causes by 5-year age groups, race and sex: United States, 1979-98

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter, David

    _1. Death rates for 113 selected causes, by 5-year age groups, race and sex: United States, 1979Table HIST002R_1. Death rates for 113 selected causes by 5-year age groups, race and sex: United though the cause-of-death titles may be the same. Deaths rates are per 100,000 population in specified

  6. Influenza Mortality in the United States, 2009 Pandemic: Burden, Timing and Age Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Ann M; Noymer, Andrew; Cowling, Benjamin J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    death rate (ASDR) for pneumonia and influenza, United States,death rate (ASDR) for pneumonia and influenza for the United States

  7. Design Evolution Study - Aging Options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P. McDaniel

    2002-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study is to identify options and issues for aging commercial spent nuclear fuel received for disposal at the Yucca Mountain Mined Geologic Repository. Some early shipments of commercial spent nuclear fuel to the repository may be received with high-heat-output (younger) fuel assemblies that will need to be managed to meet thermal goals for emplacement. The capability to age as much as 40,000 metric tons of heavy metal of commercial spent nuclear he1 would provide more flexibility in the design to manage this younger fuel and to decouple waste receipt and waste emplacement. The following potential aging location options are evaluated: (1) Surface aging at four locations near the North Portal; (2) Subsurface aging in the permanent emplacement drifts; and (3) Subsurface aging in a new subsurface area. The following aging container options are evaluated: (1) Complete Waste Package; (2) Stainless Steel inner liner of the waste package; (3) Dual Purpose Canisters; (4) Multi-Purpose Canisters; and (5) New disposable canister for uncanistered commercial spent nuclear fuel. Each option is compared to a ''Base Case,'' which is the expected normal waste packaging process without aging. A Value Engineering approach is used to score each option against nine technical criteria and rank the options. Open issues with each of the options and suggested future actions are also presented. Costs for aging containers and aging locations are evaluated separately. Capital costs are developed for direct costs and distributable field costs. To the extent practical, unit costs are presented. Indirect costs, operating costs, and total system life cycle costs will be evaluated outside of this study. Three recommendations for aging commercial spent nuclear fuel--subsurface, surface, and combined surface and subsurface are presented for further review in the overall design re-evaluation effort. Options that were evaluated but not recommended are: subsurface aging in a new subsurface area (high cost); surface aging in the complete waste package (risk to the waste package and impact on the Waste Handling Facility); and aging in the stainless steel liner (impact on the waste package design and new high risk operations added to the waste packaging process). The selection of a design basis for aging will be made in conjunction with the other design re-evaluation studies.

  8. Parylene C Aging Studies.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Achyuthan, Komandoor; Sawyer, Patricia Sue.; Mata, Guillermo Adrian; White II, Gregory Von; Bernstein, Robert

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Parylene C is used in a device because of its conformable deposition and other advantages. Techniques to study Parylene C aging were developed, and %22lessons learned%22 that could be utilized for future studies are the result of this initial study. Differential Scanning Calorimetry yielded temperature ranges for Parylene C aging as well as post-deposition treatment. Post-deposition techniques are suggested to improve Parylene C performance. Sample preparation was critical to aging regimen. Short-term (~40 days) aging experiments with free standing and ceramic-supported Parylene C films highlighted %22lessons learned%22 which stressed further investigations in order to refine sample preparation (film thickness, single sided uniform coating, machine versus laser cutting, annealing time, temperature) and testing issues (%22necking%22) for robust accelerated aging of Parylene C.

  9. COOEE bitumen: chemical aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemarchand, Claire A; Dyre, Jeppe C; Hansen, Jesper S

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study chemical aging in "COOEE bitumen" using molecular dynamic simulations. The model bitumen is composed of four realistic molecule types: saturated hydrocarbon, resinous oil, resin, and asphaltene. The aging reaction is modelled by the chemical reaction: "2 resins $\\rightarrow$ 1 asphaltene". Molecular dynamic simulations of four bitumen compositions, obtained by a repeated application of the aging reaction, are performed. The stress autocorrelation function, the fluid structure, the rotational dynamics of the plane aromatic molecules, and the diffusivity of each molecule, are determined for the four different compositions. The aging reaction causes a significant dynamics slowdown, which is correlated to the aggregation of asphaltene molecules in larger and dynamically slower nanoaggregates. Finally, a detailed description of the role of each molecule types in the aggregation and aging processes is given.

  10. age site south: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Ohio Department of Aging, The Aging Network, The Ohio State University, The United States Department of Agriculture and County Commissioners Cooperating. Engineering Websites...

  11. New Age Teaching: Beyond Didactics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlaovic, Peter D; McDougall, Elspeth M

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Age Teaching: Beyond Didactics TheScientificWorldJOURNAL (New age teaching: beyond didactics. TSW Urology 1, 75–85.New Age Teaching: Beyond Didactics Peter D. Vlaovic and

  12. Aging in community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fay, Justin (Justin Thomas)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Baby Boomers are on the brink of retirement. According to U.S. Census Bureau projections, the number of people aged 65 and over will more than double in the coming decades, growing from 35 million in 2000 to 72 million in ...

  13. Relative Ages of Globular Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas H. Puzia

    2002-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Ages of extragalactic globular clusters can provide valuable insights into the formation and evolution of galaxies. In this contribution the photometric methods of age dating old globular cluster systems are summarised. The spectroscopic approach is reviewed with an emphasis of the right choice of age diagnostics. We present a new method of quantifying the relatively best age-sensitive spectroscopic index given the quality of a data set and a certain theoretical stellar synthesis model. The relatively best diagnostic plot is constructed from the set of Lick indices and used to age date globular clusters in several early-type galaxies which are part of a large spectroscopic survey of extragalactic globular cluster systems. We find that, independently of host galaxy, metal-poor ([Fe/H] 8 Gyr) and coeval. Metal-rich clusters show a wide range of ages from ~15 down to a few Gyr.

  14. AGING FACILITY WORKER DOSE ASSESSMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R.L. Thacker

    2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this calculation is to estimate radiation doses received by personnel working in the Aging Facility performing operations to transfer aging casks to the aging pads for thermal and logistical management, stage empty aging casks, and retrieve aging casks from the aging pads for further processing in other site facilities. Doses received by workers due to aging cask surveillance and maintenance operations are also included. The specific scope of work contained in this calculation covers both collective doses and individual worker group doses on an annual basis, and includes the contributions due to external and internal radiation from normal operation. There are no Category 1 event sequences associated with the Aging Facility (BSC 2004 [DIRS 167268], Section 7.2.1). The results of this calculation will be used to support the design of the Aging Facility and to provide occupational dose estimates for the License Application. The calculations contained in this document were developed by Environmental and Nuclear Engineering of the Design and Engineering Organization and are intended solely for the use of the Design and Engineering Organization in its work regarding facility operation. Yucca Mountain Project personnel from the Environmental and Nuclear Engineering should be consulted before use of the calculations for purposes other than those stated herein or use by individuals other than authorized personnel in Environmental and Nuclear Engineering.

  15. Blind teen-age students' expectations Focus: school-age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Blind teen-age students' expectations Focus: school-age Topic: What are the changing demands disabled pupils, inclusion increased significantly, particularly in high schools. Blind learners, who used. For this lecture, I will present a few blind students' opinions, which will help building the items for the case

  16. The 1918 influenza pandemic hastened the decline of tuberculosis in the United States: An age, period, cohort analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noymer, Andrew

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    specific death rates for the United States for the firsttuberculosis death rates that occurred in the United States,

  17. aging society aging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Age CiteSeer Summary: Success in school can be a positive counterweight to the abuse, neglect, separation, and impermanence experienced by the more than 400,000 U.S....

  18. Cell Senescence: Aging and Cancer

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Campisi, Judith

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientists have identified a molecular cause behind the ravages of old age and in doing so have also shown how a natural process for fighting cancer in younger persons can actually promote cancer in older individuals.

  19. Malcolm Guite Poets in Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, Stephen

    Malcolm Guite Poets in Age or A Study of Reading Habits At first I used to wish that I were Keats passing bell is rung. But now I need the poets who grew old And wore the bottoms of their trousers rolled of pure gold. I need the poets now, who match my age, Like Coleridge I could become a sage, And I bet I

  20. THE AGE OF PLASTIC INGENUITY + RESPONSIBILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    THE AGE OF PLASTIC INGENUITY + RESPONSIBILITY An Interdisciplinary Symposium Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age...and now the Age of Plastic. The Smithsonian Institution is leveraging its collections--arguably the world's greatest repository of plastic material culture--to investigate the significance of plastic, its

  1. Nicholas (Nick) Ambraseys was born in Athens (Greece) on 19th January 1929 and died peacefully at his home in Putney (London, United Kingdom) on 28th December 2012 at the age of 83. Nick

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    D, which he was awarded in 1958. Following a few years at universities in Greece and in the United States at his home in Putney (London, United Kingdom) on 28th December 2012 at the age of 83. Nick attended of America he returned to Imperial College and remained there until his death. He was made Professor

  2. Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    This document provides specifications for selected system components of the Transportation, Aging and Disposal (TAD) canister-based system. Transportation, Aging and Disposal...

  3. June 17, 2013 Symposium on Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    to forestall and treat diseases of aging such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. Today

  4. advanced grandparental age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In most animals, advancing age is accompanied by the deteriorative process of aging (senescence). Aging is the main cause of severe illness and death in humans aging is...

  5. advancing paternal age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In most animals, advancing age is accompanied by the deteriorative process of aging (senescence). Aging is the main cause of severe illness and death in humans aging is...

  6. advanced paternal age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In most animals, advancing age is accompanied by the deteriorative process of aging (senescence). Aging is the main cause of severe illness and death in humans aging is...

  7. Chelation: A Fundamental Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors, AGE Breakers, and Other Inhibitors of Diabetes Complications. Chelation: A Fundamental Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors, AGE...

  8. Welding tritium aged stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kanne, W.R. Jr.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stainless steels exposed to tritium become unweldable by conventional methods due to He buildup within the metal matrix. With longer service lives expected for new weapon systems, and service life extensions of older systems, methods for welding/repair on tritium-exposed material will become important. Results are reported that indicate that both solid-state resistance welding and low-heat gas metal arc overlay welding are promising methods for repair or modification of tritium-aged stainless steel.

  9. Aging phenomena in polystyrene thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koji Fukao; Hiroki Koizumi

    2008-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The aging behavior is investigated for thin films of atactic polystyrene through measurements of complex electric capacitance. During isothermal aging process the real part of the electric capacitance increases with aging time, while the imaginary part decreases with aging time. This result suggests that the aging time dependence of the real and imaginary parts are mainly associated with change in thickness and dielectric permittivity, respectively. In thin films, the thickness depends on thermal history of aging even above the glass transition. Memory and `rejuvenation' effects are also observed in the thin films.

  10. Aging of Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foltz, M F

    2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is a relatively sensitive explosive used in many electroexplosive devices as well as in medicine. Of primary interest to LLNL is its use in items such as exploding bridgewire (EBW) detonators and exploding bridge foil initiators (EFI). In these devices the crystalline powder is pressed into a granular, low-density compact that can be initiated by an exploding wire or foil. The long-term stability of this pressed compact is of interest to weapon stockpile lifetime prediction studies. Key points about potential aging mechanisms can be summarized as follows: (1) There are a number of factors that can contribute to PETN instability. These include particle size, polymorphic phase transitions, crystal structure, impurities, moisture, occlusions, chemical incompatibility and biological (microorganism) action. of these factors the most important for long-term aging of high surface area powders used in detonators appears to be that of particle size growth. (2) There is a great deal of literature on the thermal degradation kinetics of PETN, unfortunately much of it with little bearing on ambient temperature aging during long-term storage. PETN is very stable with respect to thermal decomposition. Low-temperature thermal studies have not revealed evidence of chemical degradation products in archived PETN. Data extrapolated to 30 C predicts a half-life of 12 million years. (3) Moisture seems to lower the activation energy for and accelerate the decomposition of PETN. (4) External drivers affecting stability include temperature, moisture, radiation fields, and stress, while internal drivers include residual solvents, and impurities. Temperature affects kinetic processes of crystal growth such as adsorption, desorption, and diffusion rates of molecules on the surface of PETN crystals. A low-level radiation field may induce unexpected changes in the chemical makeup of PETN and its homologue impurities. Stress at high pressure points caused by crystalline surface irregularities may cause a decrease in surface area over time due to smoothing of contact points and sintering. PETN has been found to contain a number of impurities, including homologues, pentaerythryl ethers with a mixture of hydroxyl and nitrate functional groups, and organic salts, that can alter its physical and chemical properties. (5) The processes of sublimation/recrystallization and surface diffusion are important processes that can cause changes in PETN crystal morphology, particle size distribution and specific surface area. Sublimation feeds a process called Ostwald ripening, which involves the spontaneous growth of larger crystals from those of smaller size. This process proceeds with age regardless of storage conditions unless the crystals are treated to retard growth. The coarsening mechanisms include Ostwald ripening, 'sintering', and surface diffusion. The latter has not been experimentally observed, but a molecular modeling approach has attempted to investigate this phenomenon theoretically. (6) Threshold test fire, particle size distribution, specific surface area, thermal analysis, chemical analysis, powder compact specific surface area and density are approaches that have been used in the attempt to assess changes attributable to aging of PETN, with varying results. The biggest problem lies in the aging mechanism itself, which likely influences small changes in morphology, both internal and external, and particle size distribution changes on a scale too small to reliably monitor. Other aspects, such as subtle changes in density profiles within pressed powder compacts, may be beyond the capability of current technology to assess. Crystal growth significant enough to affect the PETN particle size distribution is expected to impact detonator performance. (7) Factors relevant to stabilizing particle size growth include crystal morphology, powder surface area and particle size distribution; crystal density and internal defects; and powder compact density and density gradients.

  11. SNF AGING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L.L. Swanson

    2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this system description document (SDD) is to establish requirements that drive the design of the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) aging system and associated bases, which will allow the design effort to proceed. This SDD will be revised at strategic points as the design matures. This SDD identifies the requirements and describes the system design, as it currently exists, with emphasis on attributes of the design provided to meet the requirements. This SDD is an engineering tool for design control; accordingly, the primary audience and users are design engineers. This SDD is part of an iterative design process. It leads the design process with regard to the flow down of upper tier requirements onto the system. Knowledge of these requirements is essential in performing the design process. The SDD follows the design with regard to the description of the system. The description provided in the SDD reflects the current results of the design process. Throughout this SDD, the term aging cask applies to vertical site-specific casks and to horizontal aging modules. The term overpack is a vertical site-specific cask that contains a dual-purpose canister (DPC) or a disposable canister. Functional and operational requirements applicable to this system were obtained from ''Project Functional and Operational Requirements'' (F&OR) (Curry 2004 [DIRS 170557]). Other requirements that support the design process were taken from documents such as ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (PDC) (BSC 2004 [DES 171599]), ''Site Fire Hazards Analyses'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172174]), and ''Nuclear Safety Design Bases for License Application'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 171512]). The documents address requirements in the ''Project Requirements Document'' (PRD) (Canori and Leitner 2003 [DIRS 166275]). This SDD includes several appendices. Appendix A is a Glossary; Appendix B is a list of key system charts, diagrams, drawings, lists and additional supporting information; and Appendix C is a list of procedures that will be used to operate the system.

  12. Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1 AAccelerated aging of roofing surfaces Hugo Destaillats, Ph.D.

  13. Neurobiology of Aging xxx (2006) xxxxxx Age-related changes in brain activation during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neurobiology of Aging xxx (2006) xxx­xxx Age-related changes in brain activation during a delayed. / Neurobiology of Aging xxx (2006) xxx­xxx impairment in several different memory variables [78], including WM [9

  14. arabian iron age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    iron deficiency should be the goal of nutritional intervention programs. In the United States, approximately 5 % of children from 1-5 years of age suffer from iron deficiency...

  15. ageing study bhas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Growing-Stock Study at Age 401 William W. Oliver2 Abstract in the southwestern United States (Oliver and Ryker 1990). Throughout this vast area ponderosa pine is one of the most...

  16. aging study bhas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Growing-Stock Study at Age 401 William W. Oliver2 Abstract in the southwestern United States (Oliver and Ryker 1990). Throughout this vast area ponderosa pine is one of the most...

  17. Chloride Depletion in Aged Sea Salt Particles

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chloride Depletion in Aged Sea Salt Particles Chloride Depletion in Aged Sea Salt Particles Print Wednesday, 06 February 2013 00:00 Particles or aerosols can be directly released...

  18. Dark Energy in the Dark Ages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linder, Eric V.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL- 61876 Dark Energy in the Dark Ages Eric V. LinderUniversity of California. Dark Energy in the Dark Ages Eric2008) Non-negligible dark energy density at high redshifts

  19. Utah Commission on Aging June 6, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    Institutions Norma Matheson Chair Anne Peterson University of Utah Mayor JoAnn Seghini Midvale City Sara to the Commission for consideration. · Aging SMART: Denise Brooks distributed Aging SMART Sourcebook. Website is up

  20. age randomised controlled: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

  1. aged rat erectile: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

  2. age factors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

  3. aged interleukin-18 deficient: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

  4. age stratigraphic relationships: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

  5. 6, 39453963, 2006 Methanol inside aged

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ACPD 6, 3945­3963, 2006 Methanol inside aged tropical biomass burning plumes G. Dufour et al. Title Chemistry and Physics Discussions First space-borne measurements of methanol inside aged tropical biomass. Dufour (gaelle.dufour@lmd.polytechnique.fr) 3945 #12;ACPD 6, 3945­3963, 2006 Methanol inside aged

  6. aged korean adults: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AGING & SOCIETY Engineering Websites Summary: DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, AGING & SOCIETY Monthly Speaker Series Dr. Ellen B. Ryan DATE TIME ROOM Department of Health, Aging, &...

  7. Characterization of Field-Aged Exhaust Gas Recirculation Cooler...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Field-Aged Exhaust Gas Recirculation Cooler Deposits Characterization of Field-Aged Exhaust Gas Recirculation Cooler Deposits Characterized field-aged exhaust gas recirculation...

  8. Local Land-Use Controls and Aging-Friendliness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenthal, Larry A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A. 2001. “Aging and Smart Growth: Building Aging-Sensitivebuilding such product exclusively, or predominantly, because it creates homogenous-age zones, defeats smart-

  9. Aging behavior and lifetime modeling for polycarbonate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahlen, S. [Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH, Roseggerstrasse 12, Leoben 8700 (Austria); Wallner, G.M. [Institute of Materials Science and Testing of Plastics, University of Leoben, Franz-Josef Strasse 18, Leoben 8700 (Austria); Lang, R.W. [Institute for Polymeric Materials and Testing, University of Linz, Altenbergerstrasse 69, Linz 4040 (Austria)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, polycarbonate (PC) as a material candidate for solar absorber applications is investigated as to the aging behavior at different temperatures in air and water. The aging conditioning was performed in air in the temperature range from 120 to 140 C and in water between 70 and 95 C. Tensile tests were performed on unaged and aged PC film specimens at ambient temperature using strain-to-break values as a performance indicator for the degree of aging. For PC the effect of aging was found to strongly depend on the aging conditions. Activation energy based lifetime prediction models according to various methods described in the literature were applied. The activation energies and corresponding lifetime predictions for the temperature range from 40 to 60 C in water and from 90 to 110 C in air derived from these models are compared and interpreted as to their practical relevance. (author)

  10. Materials Research in the Information Age

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Research in the Information Age Accelerating Advanced Material Development NERSC Science Gateway a 'Google of Material Properties' October 31, 2011 | Tags: Materials...

  11. age reconsidering ovarian: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    age-length key to estimate age Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: Optimal sampling design for using the age-length key to estimate age composition of a fish...

  12. New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asmerom, Yemane

    New age constraints on the Middle Stone Age occupations of Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt rocks, or tufas, exposed along the flanks of the Libyan Plateau near Kharga Oasis, Western Desert, Egypt

  13. Neurobiology of Aging 32 (2011) 669679 Age-related trends in saccade characteristics among the elderly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Munoz, Douglas Perry

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neurobiology of Aging 32 (2011) 669­679 Age-related trends in saccade characteristics among of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada e CIHR Group in Sensory-Motor Systems, Queen in reaction time also correlated positively with age in both saccade tasks. Voluntary saccade control

  14. Evidence of aging effects on certain safety-related components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magleby, H.L.; Atwood, C.L.; MacDonald, P.E.; Edson, J.L.; Bramwell, D.L. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to interest shown by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), Principal Working Group I (PWG- 1) of the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) conducted a generic study on the effects of aging of active components in nuclear power plants. (This focus on active components is consistent with PWG-l`s mandate; passive components are primarily within the mandate of PWG-3.) Representatives from France, Sweden, Finland, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom participated in the study by submitting reports documenting aging studies performed in their countries. This report consists of summaries of those reports, along with a comparison of the various statistical analysis methods used in the studies. The studies indicate that with some exceptions, active components generally do not present a significant aging problem in nuclear power plants. Design criteria and effective preventative maintenance programs, including timely replacement of components, are effective in mitigating potential aging problems. However, aging studies (such as qualitative and statistical analyses of failure modes and maintenance data) are an important part of efforts to identify and solve potential aging problems. Solving these problems typically includes such strategies as replacing suspect components with improved components, and implementing improved maintenance programs.

  15. Aging study of boiling water reactor high pressure injection systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conley, D.A.; Edson, J.L.; Fineman, C.F. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of high pressure injection systems is to maintain an adequate coolant level in reactor pressure vessels, so that the fuel cladding temperature does not exceed 1,200{degrees}C (2,200{degrees}F), and to permit plant shutdown during a variety of design basis loss-of-coolant accidents. This report presents the results of a study on aging performed for high pressure injection systems of boiling water reactor plants in the United States. The purpose of the study was to identify and evaluate the effects of aging and the effectiveness of testing and maintenance in detecting and mitigating aging degradation. Guidelines from the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Nuclear Plant Aging Research Program were used in performing the aging study. Review and analysis of the failures reported in databases such as Nuclear Power Experience, Licensee Event Reports, and the Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System, along with plant-specific maintenance records databases, are included in this report to provide the information required to identify aging stressors, failure modes, and failure causes. Several probabilistic risk assessments were reviewed to identify risk-significant components in high pressure injection systems. Testing, maintenance, specific safety issues, and codes and standards are also discussed.

  16. Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akbari, Hashem; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Levinson, Ronnen; Graveline,Stanley; Foley, Kevin; Delgado, Ana H.; Paroli, Ralph M.

    2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Aging and weathering can reduce the solar reflectance of cool roofing materials. This paper summarizes laboratory measurements of the solar spectral reflectance of unweathered, weathered, and cleaned samples collected from single-ply roofing membranes at various sites across the United States. Fifteen samples were examined in each of the following six conditions: unweathered; weathered; weathered and brushed; weathered, brushed and then rinsed with water; weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, and then washed with soap and water; and weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, washed with soap and water, and then washed with an algaecide. Another 25 samples from 25 roofs across the United States and Canada were measured in their unweathered state, weathered, and weathered and wiped. We document reduction in reflectivity resulted from various soiling mechanisms and provide data on the effectiveness of various cleaning approaches. Results indicate that although the majority of samples after being washed with detergent could be brought to within 90% of their unweathered reflectivity, in some instances an algaecide was required to restore this level of reflectivity.

  17. June 18, 2012 Symposium on Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    , anemia, muscular dystrophy, and diabetes. The reasons for accelerating research into the molecular diseases of aging such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. Today's attendees come not only

  18. HYGROTHERMAL AGING OF POLYIMIDE MATRIX COMPOSITE LAMINATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nairn, John A.

    . The time to initiate water-induced microcracks, tm, (in minutes), was log .t T m = + 3423 1 35 (1) #12-ply laminates and supplied to us by the Boeing Company. For hygrothermal aging experiments, a series

  19. Aging of polymeric composites : a literature review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Treviño-Garrido, Margie N

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to their increased use in today's society, an extensive survey was undertaken in this report to condense what's been, thus far, discovered as to the effects of aging on polymeric composites. Special emphasis was placed ...

  20. Maximum Entry and Mandatory Separation Ages for Certain Security Employees

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The policy establishes the DOE policy on maximum entry and mandatory separation ages for primary or secondary positions covered under special statutory retirement provisions and for those employees whose primary duties are the protection of officials of the United States against threats to personal safety or the investigation, apprehension, and detention of individuals suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States. Admin Chg 1, dated 12-1-11, cancels DOE P 310.1.

  1. Age determination of 15 old to intermediate-age small Magellanic cloud star clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parisi, M. C.; Clariá, J. J.; Piatti, A. E. [Observatorio Astronómico, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Laprida 854, Córdoba, CP 5000 (Argentina); Geisler, D.; Leiton, R. [Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile); Carraro, G. [European Southern Observatory, Casilla 19001, Santiago de Chile (Chile); Costa, E. [Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago de Chile (Chile); Grocholski, A. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, 202 Nicholson Hall, Tower Drive, Baton Rouge, LA 70803-4001 (United States); Sarajedini, A., E-mail: celeste@oac.uncor.edu, E-mail: claria@oac.uncor.edu, E-mail: andres@oac.uncor.edu, E-mail: dgeisler@astro-udec.cl, E-mail: roger.leiton@astro-udec.cl, E-mail: gcarraro@eso.org, E-mail: costa@das.uchile.cl, E-mail: grocholski@phys.lsu.edu, E-mail: ata@astro.ufl.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, P.O. Box 112055, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present color-magnitude diagrams in the V and I bands for 15 star clusters in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) based on data taken with the Very Large Telescope (VLT, Chile). We selected these clusters from our previous work, wherein we derived cluster radial velocities and metallicities from calcium II infrared triplet (CaT) spectra also taken with the VLT. We discovered that the ages of six of our clusters have been appreciably underestimated by previous studies, which used comparatively small telescopes, graphically illustrating the need for large apertures to obtain reliable ages of old and intermediate-age SMC star clusters. In particular, three of these clusters, L4, L6, and L110, turn out to be among the oldest SMC clusters known, with ages of 7.9 ± 1.1, 8.7 ± 1.2, and 7.6 ± 1.0 Gyr, respectively, helping to fill a possible 'SMC cluster age gap'. Using the current ages and metallicities from Parisi et al., we analyze the age distribution, age gradient, and age-metallicity relation (AMR) of a sample of SMC clusters measured homogeneously. There is a suggestion of bimodality in the age distribution but it does not show a constant slope for the first 4 Gyr, and we find no evidence for an age gradient. Due to the improved ages of our cluster sample, we find that our AMR is now better represented in the intermediate/old period than we had derived in Parisi et al., where we simply took ages available in the literature. Additionally, clusters younger than ?4 Gyr now show better agreement with the bursting model of Pagel and Tautvaišien?, but we confirm that this model is not a good representation of the AMR during the intermediate/old period. A more complicated model is needed to explain the SMC chemical evolution in that period.

  2. Globular Cluster Ages and Stromgren CCD Photometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank Grundahl

    1999-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Stromgren uvby CCD photometry can be used in a variety of ways to constrain the absolute and relative ages of globular clusters. The reddening corrected (v-y, c1) diagram offers the means to derive ages that are completely independent of distance. Very precise differential ages for clusters of the same chemical composition may also be determined from such 2-color plots, or from measurements of the magnitude difference, Delta_u, between the subgiant and horizontal branches on the $u-y, u$ plane (where both of these features are flat and well-defined, even for clusters like M13 that have extremely blue HBs on the (B-V, V) diagram). Based on high-quality photometry we find that: (1) M92 is 15 Gyr old, (2) M3 and M13 differ in age by < 1 Gyr, and (3) NGC 288, NGC 362, and NGC 1851 are coeval to within ~1.5 Gyr. These results strongly suggest that age cannot be the only ``second parameter''. Finally, we suggest that the observed variations in c1 among giant branch stars in all the metal-poor clusters that we have studied so far are likely due to star-to-star C and N abundance variations, and potentially indicate that most (if not all) globular clusters have ``primordial'' variations in at least these elements.

  3. Restructuring and aging in a capillary suspension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erin Koos; Wolfgang Kannowade; Norbert Willenbacher

    2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The rheological properties of capillary suspensions, suspensions with small amounts of an added immiscible fluid, are dramatically altered with the addition of the secondary fluid. We investigate a capillary suspension to determine how the network ages and restructures at rest and under applied external shear deformation. The present work uses calcium carbonate suspended in silicone oil (11 % solids) with added water as a model system. Aging of capillary suspensions and their response to applied oscillatory shear is distinctly different from particulate gels dominated by the van der Waals forces. The suspensions dominated by the capillary force are very sensitive to oscillatory flow, with the linear viscoelastic regime ending at a deformation of only 0.1 % and demonstrating power-law aging behavior. This aging persists for long times at low deformations or for shorter times with a sudden decrease in the strength at higher deformations. This aging behavior suggests that the network is able to rearrange and even rupture. This same sensitivity is not demonstrated in shear flow where very high shear rates are required to rupture the agglomerates returning the apparent viscosity of capillary suspensions to the same viscosity as for the pure vdW suspension. A transitional region is also present at intermediate water contents wherein the material response depends very strongly on the type, strength, and duration of the external forcing.

  4. adult age groups: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    young (aged 18-35) adults and 10 older (aged 60-80) adults were tested. There was a... James, Vairi A. W. 2009-07-03 16 The Influence of Self-Perceptions of Aging on Older Adults'...

  5. Effects of Age on Meiosis in Budding Yeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boselli, Monica

    In humans, the frequency with which meiotic chromosome mis-segregation occurs increases with age. Whether age-dependent meiotic defects occur in other organisms is unknown. Here, we examine the effects of replicative aging ...

  6. age horizontal branch: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Stars as an Age Indicator Astrophysics (arXiv) Summary: Surface temperature distribution of horizontal-branch (HB) stars is very sensitive to age in old stellar systems,...

  7. aging female sencar: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    should increase with age after puberty. To test this, we examined age Pierce, Graham 57 Perception of Conspecific Female Pheromone Stimulates Female Calling in an Arctiid Moth,...

  8. age estimation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    face Wiskott, Laurenz 7 OPTIMUM ALWCATION FOR ESTIMATING AGE COMPOSITION USING AGE-LENGTH KEY Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: OPTIMUM ALWCATION FOR...

  9. Diagnostic and Prognostic Analysis of Battery Performance & Aging...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Prognostic Analysis of Battery Performance & Aging based on Kinetic and Thermodynamic Principles Diagnostic and Prognostic Analysis of Battery Performance & Aging based on...

  10. american children ages: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    july 2004 Age-Specific Demography in Plantago: Uncovering Roach,. Deborah 17 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

  11. THYROID HORMONE REVERSES AGING-INDUCED MYOCARDIAL FATTY ACID...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    occurs during aging in humans and mice and may contribute to development of heart failure. Aging also impairs myocardial fatty acid oxidation, causing increased...

  12. aging aircraft nondestructive: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at Early Ages An Experimental and Numerical Analysis by Dr for Nondestructive Testing of Cement-Based Materials at Early Ages - An Experi- mental and Numerical Analysis...

  13. aging tumor growth: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1983), provide valuable data on the age 85 AGE AND GROWTH OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, AND YELLOWFIN TUNA, THUNNUS ALBACARES, AS INDICATED Environmental Sciences and...

  14. Aging assessment for active fire protection systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ross, S.B. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc. (United States); Nowlen, S.P.; Tanaka, T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study assessed the impact of aging on the performance and reliability of active fire protection systems including both fixed fire suppression and fixed fire detection systems. The experience base shows that most nuclear power plants have an aggressive maintenance and testing program and are finding degraded fire protection system components before a failure occurs. Also, from the data reviewed it is clear that the risk impact of fire protection system aging is low. However, it is assumed that a more aggressive maintenance and testing program involving preventive diagnostics may reduce the risk impact even further.

  15. Coronal Temperature as an Age Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwankyung Sung; M. S. Bessell; Hugues Sana

    2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The X-ray spectra of late type stars can generally be well fitted by a two temperature component model of the corona. We fnd that the temperature of both components are strong functions of stellar age, although the temperature of the hotter plasma in the corona shows a larger scatter and is probably affected by the activity of stars, such as flares. We confirm the power-law decay of the temperature of the hot plasma, but the temperature of the cool component decays linearly with log (age).

  16. Aging assessment of reactor instrumentation and protection system components. Aging-related operating experiences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gehl, A.C.; Hagen, E.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A study of the aging-related operating experiences throughout a five-year period (1984--1988) of six generic instrumentation modules (indicators, sensors, controllers, transmitters, annunciators, and recorders) was performed as a part of the Nuclear Plant Aging Research Program. The effects of aging from operational and environmental stressors were characterized from results depicted in Licensee Event Reports (LERs). The data are graphically displayed as frequency of events per plant year for operating plant ages from 1 to 28 years to determine aging-related failure trend patterns. Three main conclusions were drawn from this study: (1) Instrumentation and control (I&C) modules make a modest contribution to safety-significant events: 17% of LERs issued during 1984--1988 dealt with malfunctions of the six I&C modules studied, and 28% of the LERs dealing with these I&C module malfunctions were aging related (other studies show a range 25--50%); (2) Of the six modules studied, indicators, sensors, and controllers account for the bulk (83%) of aging-related failures; and (3) Infant mortality appears to be the dominant aging-related failure mode for most I&C module categories (with the exception of annunciators and recorders, which appear to fail randomly).

  17. Effect of non-ageing and ageing ceria nanoparticles suspensions on fresh water micro-algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Effect of non-ageing and ageing ceria nanoparticles suspensions on fresh water micro-algae Manier nanoparticle (nCeO2) suspensions, towards freshwater micro-algae assessing the effect nCeO2 suspensions microscopy (TEM). In addition, the interaction between NPs and algae were investigated using flow

  18. Adapting Dry Cask Storage for Aging at a Geologic Repository

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. Sanders; D. Kimball

    2005-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Aging System is a crucial part of operations at the proposed Yucca Mountain repository in the United States. Incoming commercial SNF that does not meet thermal limits for emplacement will be aged on outdoor pads. U.S. Department of Energy SNF will also be managed using the Aging System. Proposed site-specific designs for the Aging System are closely based upon designs for existing dry cask storage (DCS) systems. This paper evaluates the applicability of existing DCS systems for use in the SNF Aging System at Yucca Mountain. The most important difference between existing DCS facilities and the Yucca Mountain facility is the required capacity. Existing DCS facilities typically have less than 50 casks. The current design for the aging pad at Yucca Mountain calls for a capacity of over 2,000 casks (20,000 MTHM) [1]. This unprecedented number of casks poses some unique problems. The response of DCS systems to off-normal and accident conditions needs to be re-evaluated for multiple storage casks. Dose calculations become more complicated, since doses from multiple or very long arrays of casks can dramatically increase the total boundary dose. For occupational doses, the geometry of the cask arrays and the order of loading casks must be carefully considered in order to meet ALARA goals during cask retrieval. Due to the large area of the aging pad, skyshine must also be included when calculating public and worker doses. The expected length of aging will also necessitate some design adjustments. Under 10 CFR 72.236, DCS systems are initially certified for a period of 20 years [2]. Although the Yucca Mountain facility is not intended to be a storage facility under 10 CFR 72, the operational life of the SNF Aging System is 50 years [1]. Any cask system selected for use in aging will have to be qualified to this design lifetime. These considerations are examined, and a summary is provided of the adaptations that must be made in order to use DCS technologies successfully at a geologic repository.

  19. FORUM REVIEW ARTICLE Alternative Perspectives on Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gems, David

    mechanisms at the heart of the aging process are a long-standing mystery. An influential theory has that limit lifespan (4, 5). We will first briefly outline the crisis in the oxidative damage theory, then de, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The Oxidative Damage Theory in Crisis Many studies that have used C

  20. Characterizing mechanical effects of aging damage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sewell, T.D.; Chen, S.P.; Schoonover, J.R.; Trent, B.C.; Howe, P.M.; Hjelm, R.P.; Browning, R.V.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report of a two-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The goal was to develop and apply several different experimental and theoretical/computational tools to better understand physical and chemical aging phenomena in plastic-bonded high explosives, and to develop a methodology for predicting the likely effects of aging on the mechanical properties of the composite based on input from these fundamental studies. Initial comparisons were done for spectra of fresh and aged Esane, as well as PBX-9501, and the authors found differences in the carbonyl region of the spectrum, which possibly reflect differences in hydrogen bonding due to aging phenomena. The micromechanical model of composites was extended to study various volume fractions of HMX with binders. The results showed that, as the binder fraction increases, there is a decrease in the maximum stress that can be supported but an increase in the percent strain at final fracture. A more realistic microstructural model was obtained through the use of a phase field model. Using this model, the authors have studied the microstructural evolution as a function of the grain boundary energy vs. misorientation relationship. The initial results indicate that there are some changes in the grain growth rate when the grain-boundary energy dependence on the angle is not constant. They also find that solute tends to segregate at the grain boundary and slows the grain growth kinetics.

  1. Bitcoin and the Age of Bespoke Silicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    Bitcoin and the Age of Bespoke Silicon Michael B. Taylor Associate Professor University of California, San Diego #12;This Talk Introduction An Overview of the Bitcoin Cryptocurrency Bitcoin's Computing Evolution Bespoke Silicon #12;Interesting Facts about Bitcoin The most successful digital

  2. Thermal aging of nitroplasticized Estane 5703

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orler, E. B. (E. Bruce); Wrobleski, Debra A.; Cooke, D. W. (D. Wayne); Bennett, B. L. (Bryan L.); Smith, M. E. (Mark E.); Jahan, M. S. (M. Shan)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of the Lifetime Prediction modeling effort, we have been investigating the aging processes that could impact the lifetime of PBX 9501. PBX 9501 is composed of 95% HMX and 5% polymeric binder. The polymeric binder is composed of 50% nitroplasticizer (NP) and 50% Estane{reg_sign} 5703 with a small quantity of stabilizer. Estane{reg_sign} 5703 is a segmented poly(ester urethane) with mechanical properties derived from phase separation of hard and soft segments along the polymer backbone. Since the binder has a significant effect on the composite mechanical properties, it is essential to know how the binder changes with time. Typically, polymer lifetime predictions are determined from extrapolation of properties after the material has been exposed to elevated temperatures and/or reactive environments for varying periods of time. For multiphase polymers, this accelerated aging methodology is very difficult to interpret since elevated temperatures alter the physical structure of the polymer, as well as, accelerate the chemical degradation reactions. Accelerated aging studies of nitroplasticized Estane have shown an increase in the molecular weight. The increase in molecular weight is most likely due to polymer chain branching reactions that eventually leads to formation an insoluble cross-linked gel. The decreased chain mobility caused by branching may also affect phase separation, which in turn, may change the mechanical properties. In this paper we report results of thermal aging studies on the properties, morphology and chemistry of nitroplasticized Estane.

  3. Eligibility: Cancer Survivor ages 35-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Peter

    Eligibility: · Cancer Survivor ages 35-75 · Patient has completed treatment within last two years for non-metastic solid tumor · Patient's cancer is currently considered stable or in remission · At least. Please contact Missy Buchanan 415-353-7019 for more information. Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer

  4. Aging and Place: Building Health Promotion into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    Aging and Place: Building Health Promotion into Long-Term Care IHRP Brownbag May 21, 2013 Naoko-being in social contexts. ­ To improve quality of services by building health promotion into long-term care. #12 ­ U.S. 3. Building health promotion into long-term care ­ Why important? ­ Challenges

  5. Utah Commission on Aging June 16, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    is focusing on fall prevention, end of life care, and elder abuse issues, all of which fall under the auspices Cherie Brunker Health Care Shauna O'Neil Area Agencies on Aging Robert Archuleta Ethnic Minorities Helen-Michele Church Department of Human Services Kent Alderman Legal Profession Gary Kelso Long-Term Care Jo

  6. Difference in the effect of Swadhyay due to differing cultural environments: a study of college age youth in Gujurat, India and Texas, United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brahmbhatt, Reshma Raj

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is primarily concerned with the effect of a grassroots spiritual movement on the lives of youth in India and the United States. Swadhyay is a movement that began in India in the 1940s under the leadership of Shri Pandurang Shastri...

  7. The 2006 Harvard / Paul F. Glenn Symposium on Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    diseases of aging, such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. A recent study1 concluded

  8. Understanding the genetics of aging: a canine model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canterberry, Sarah Christine

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    : Dr. Keith E. Murphy As life expectancy in the United States increases each year, the percentage of the population that is comprised of aged individuals rises also. Researchers expect the largest increase in population to occur... ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank Dr. Keith Murphy, my advisor, for his investment of time and effort into my graduate career. I would like to thank the membfers of my committee, for providing me with invaluabfle advice, Dr. Ann Kier, Dr...

  9. AGES: THE AGN AND GALAXY EVOLUTION SURVEY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kochanek, C. S. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 West 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Eisenstein, D. J.; Caldwell, N.; Jones, C.; Murray, S. S.; Forman, W. R.; Green, P. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Cool, R. J. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Peyton Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Assef, R. J.; Eisenhardt, P.; Stern, D. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Jannuzi, B. T.; Dey, A. [NOAO, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Brown, M. J. I. [School of Physics, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Gonzalez, A. H. [Department of Astronomy, Bryant Space Science Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The AGN and Galaxy Evolution Survey (AGES) is a redshift survey covering, in its standard fields, 7.7 deg{sup 2} of the Booetes field of the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey. The final sample consists of 23,745 redshifts. There are well-defined galaxy samples in 10 bands (the B{sub W} , R, I, J, K, IRAC 3.6, 4.5, 5.8, and 8.0 {mu}m, and MIPS 24 {mu}m bands) to a limiting magnitude of I < 20 mag for spectroscopy. For these galaxies, we obtained 18,163 redshifts from a sample of 35,200 galaxies, where random sparse sampling was used to define statistically complete sub-samples in all 10 photometric bands. The median galaxy redshift is 0.31, and 90% of the redshifts are in the range 0.085 < z < 0.66. Active galactic nuclei (AGNs) were selected as radio, X-ray, IRAC mid-IR, and MIPS 24 {mu}m sources to fainter limiting magnitudes (I < 22.5 mag for point sources). Redshifts were obtained for 4764 quasars and galaxies with AGN signatures, with 2926, 1718, 605, 119, and 13 above redshifts of 0.5, 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. We detail all the AGES selection procedures and present the complete spectroscopic redshift catalogs and spectral energy distribution decompositions. Photometric redshift estimates are provided for all sources in the AGES samples.

  10. Age-dependent decay in the landscape

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winitzki, Sergei [Department of Physics, University of Heidelberg (Germany)

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The picture of the 'multiverse' arising in diverse cosmological scenarios involves transitions between metastable vacuum states. It was pointed out by Krauss and Dent that the transition rates decrease at very late times, leading to a dependence of the transition probability between vacua on the age of each vacuum region. I investigate the implications of this non-Markovian, age-dependent decay on the global structure of the spacetime in landscape scenarios. I show that the fractal dimension of the eternally inflating domain is precisely equal to 3, instead of being slightly below 3, which is the case in scenarios with purely Markovian, age-independent decay. I develop a complete description of a non-Markovian landscape in terms of a nonlocal master equation. Using this description I demonstrate by an explicit calculation that, under some technical assumptions about the landscape, the probabilistic predictions of our position in the landscape are essentially unchanged, regardless of the measure used to extract these predictions. I briefly discuss the physical plausibility of realizing non-Markovian vacuum decay in cosmology in view of the possible decoherence of the metastable quantum state.

  11. On the seismic age of the Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Houdek; D. O. Gough

    2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We use low-degree acoustic modes obtained by the BiSON to estimate the main-sequence age $t_\\odot$ of the Sun. The calibration is accomplished by linearizing the deviations from a standard solar model the seismic frequencies of which are close to those of the Sun. Formally, we obtain the preliminary value $t_\\odot=4.68\\pm0.02 $Gy, coupled with an initial heavy-element abundance $Z=0.0169\\pm0.0005$. The quoted standard errors, which are not independent, are upper bounds implied under the assumption that the standard errors in the observed frequencies are independent.

  12. Asian Age Enterprise Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon Capture andsoftwareAsian Age Enterprise Ltd Place:

  13. Age Dating of Mixed SNM--Preliminary Investigations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yuan, D., Guss, P. P., Yfantis, E., Klingensmith, A., Emer, D.

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently we investigated the nuclear forensics problem of age determination for mixed special nuclear material (SNM). Through limited computational mixing experiments and interactive age analysis, it was observed that age dating results are generally affected by the mixing of samples with different assays or even by small radioactive material contamination. The mixing and contamination can be detected through interactive age analysis, a function provided by the Decay Interaction, Visualization and Analysis (DIVA) software developed by NSTec. It is observed that for mixed SNM with two components, the age estimators typically fall into two distinct clusters on the time axis. This suggests that averaging or other simple statistical methods may not always be suitable for age dating SNM mixtures. Instead, an interactive age analysis would be more suitable for age determination of material components of such SNM mixtures. This work was supported by the National Center for Nuclear Security (NCNS).

  14. Model NOx storage systems: Storage capacity and thermal aging...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Model NOx storage systems: Storage capacity and thermal aging of BaOtheta- Al2O3NiAl(100). Model NOx storage systems: Storage capacity and thermal aging of BaOtheta- Al2O3...

  15. aged primary coolant: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    problem.(1,2 with a variety of functions that often span the different hypotheses of aging.(2) It is unsurprising senescence, is a primary mechanism of organismal aging.(9-13)...

  16. Asphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties through a Functionally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulino, Glaucio H.

    Asphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties through a Functionally Graded ­ II ­ Asphalt Pavements ­ Effect of Aging ­ Simulations ­ Concluding Remarks #12;3 Objectives Develop) Correspondence Principle based formulation Application: Asphalt concrete pavements (Part II) #12;4 Asphalt

  17. Exercise training modulates apoptotic signaling in the aging rat heart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Hyo Bum

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aging is characterized by a progressive decline in cardiac function. A critical contributor to the age-related impairment in heart function is the loss of cardiac myocytes through ??apoptosis??, or programmed cell death. A dramatic increase...

  18. Microstructural Features in Aged Erbium Tritide Foils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelles, David S.; Brewer, L. N.; Kotula, Paul G.; Cowgill, Donald F.; Busick, C. C.; Snow, C. S.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aged erbium tritide foil specimens are found to contain five distinctly different microstructural features. The general structure was of large columnar grains of ErT2. But on a fine scale, precipitates believed to be erbium oxy-tritides and helium bubbles could be identified. The precipitate size was in the range of ~10 nm and the bubbles were of an unusual planar shape on {111} planes with an invariant thickness of ~1 nm and a diameter on the order of 10 nm. Also, an outer layer containing no fine precipitate structure and only a few helium bubbles was present on foils. This layer is best described as a denuded zone which probably grew during aging in air. Finally, large embedded Er2O3 particles were found at low density and non-uniformly distributed, but sometimes extending through the thickness of the foil. A failure mechanism allowing the helium to escape is suggested by observed cracking between bubbles closer to end of life.

  19. Monazite Th-Pb age depth profiling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grove, M.; Harrison, T.M. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)] [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The significant capabilities of the ion microprobe for thermochronometric investigations of geologic materials remain largely unexploited. Whereas {sup 208}Pb/{sup 232}Th spot analysis allows {approximately} 10-mm-scale imaging of Pb loss profiles or overgrowths in sectioned monazite grains, the spatial resolution offered by depth profiling into the surface region of natural crystals is more than two orders of magnitude higher. The authors document here the ability of the high-resolution ion microprobe to detect {sup 208}Pb/{sup 232}Th age differences of < 1 m.y. with better than 0.05 {micro}m depth resolution in the outer micron of Tertiary monazites from the hanging wall of the Himalayan Main Central thrust. Age gradients on this scale are inaccessible to ion microprobe spot analysis or conventional thermal ionization mass spectrometry. Interpretation of the near-surface {sup 208}Pb distributions with available monazite Pb diffusion data illustrates the potential of the approach for recovering continuous, high-temperature thermal history information not previously available.

  20. The 2008 Harvard / Paul F. Glenn Symposium on Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    of aging such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. Thus, a major goal in the coming years

  1. The 2007 Harvard / Paul F. Glenn Symposium on Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    are regulated, leading to novel medicines to forestall and treat diseases of aging such as diabetes, cancer

  2. The 2009 Harvard / Paul F. Glenn Symposium on Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    of aging such as diabetes, cancer, Alzheimer's and heart disease. Thus, a major goal in the coming years

  3. Characterization of thermal aging of duplex stainless steel by SQUID

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isobe, Y.; Kamimura, A.; Aoki, K.; Nakayasu, F. [Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal aging is a growing concern for long-term-aged duplex stainless steel piping in nuclear power plants. Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) was used for the detection of thermal aging of SUS329 rolled duplex stainless steel and SCS16 cast duplex stainless steel. It was found that the SQUID output signal pattern in the presence of AC magnetic field applied to the specimen was sensitive to the changes in electromagnetic properties due to thermal aging.

  4. aged wild-type littermates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

  5. aged 6-12 diagnosed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    98504-3144 An age-length key (ALK) is the tra- ditional method for estimating age-stage length samples for relatively costly age determination (age subsamplel. Age...

  6. FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L'Ecuyer, Pierre

    1 FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL Pierre L'Ecuyer, Benoit Martin, controlled by a replacement rule based on age thresholds. We show how to estimate the expected cost­ generative simulation, maintenance models, age replacement policies. #12; 2 L'ECUYER, MARTIN, AND V ' AZQUEZ

  7. FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vázquez-Abad, Felisa J.

    FUNCTIONAL ESTIMATION FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL Pierre L'Ecuyer, Benoit Martin, controlled by a replacement rule based on age thresholds. We show how to estimate the expected cost­ generative simulation, maintenance models, age replacement policies. #12; L'ECUYER, MARTIN, AND V ' AZQUEZ

  8. Ageing of Natural Rubber under Stress

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. M. Clarke; F. Elias; E. M. Terentjev

    2000-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a dynamical-mechanical study of stress relaxation at small deformation in a natural (polyisoprene) rubber well above its glass transition temperature Tg. We find that an almost complete relaxation of stress takes place over very long periods of time, even though the elastic network integrity is fully retained. The relaxation rate and the long-time equilibrium modulus are sensitive functions of temperature which do not follow time-temperature superposition. Many characteristic features of non-ergodic ageing response are apparent at both short and very long times. We interpret the observed behaviour in terms of the properties of rubber crosslinks, capable of isomerisation under stress, and relate the results to recent models of soft glassy rheology.

  9. Dark Energy in the Dark Ages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eric V. Linder

    2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-negligible dark energy density at high redshifts would indicate dark energy physics distinct from a cosmological constant or ``reasonable'' canonical scalar fields. Such dark energy can be constrained tightly through investigation of the growth of structure, with limits of \\la2% of total energy density at z\\gg1 for many models. Intermediate dark energy can have effects distinct from its energy density; the dark ages acceleration can be constrained to last less than 5% of a Hubble e-fold time, exacerbating the coincidence problem. Both the total linear growth, or equivalently \\sigma_8, and the shape and evolution of the nonlinear mass power spectrum for zenergy behavior over the entire range z=0-1100.

  10. Emerging nondestructive inspection methods for aging aircraft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beattie, A; Dahlke, L; Gieske, J [and others

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report identifies and describes emerging nondestructive inspection (NDI) methods that can potentially be used to inspect commercial transport and commuter aircraft for structural damage. The nine categories of emerging NDI techniques are: acoustic emission, x-ray computed tomography, backscatter radiation, reverse geometry x-ray, advanced electromagnetics, including magnetooptic imaging and advanced eddy current techniques, coherent optics, advanced ultrasonics, advanced visual, and infrared thermography. The physical principles, generalized performance characteristics, and typical applications associated with each method are described. In addition, aircraft inspection applications are discussed along with the associated technical considerations. Finally, the status of each technique is presented, with a discussion on when it may be available for use in actual aircraft maintenance programs. It should be noted that this is a companion document to DOT/FAA/CT-91/5, Current Nondestructive Inspection Methods for Aging Aircraft.

  11. Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants - heat exchangers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booker, S.; Lehnert, D.; Daavettila, N.; Palop, E.

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) describes recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in commercial nuclear power plant heat exchangers important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

  12. Age discrimination protection is not limited to seniors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ossi, G.J. [Vennable, LLP (United States)

    2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The average age of a coal miner in the USA today is over 50. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) protects individuals over 40 years of age from employment discrimination based on age. Under ADEA it is unlawful to discriminate based on an employee's age when hiring, firing, promoting, demoting, laying-off, compensating, assigning or training an employee. The author advocates that, although ADEA can be complicated, the best rule is simply to treat older workers the same as younger workers. Advice is given on considering waivers of ADEA claims.

  13. Blue Planet: The 'Age of Insects' -(United Press International) http://www.washtimes.com/upi-breaking/20050125-040547-3838r.htm 1 of 4 18/07/2005 21:33

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenseleers, Tom

    Commentary: Auschwitz and grace China commutes monk's death sentence UPI Energy Watch Blue Planet: The 'Age://www.washtimes.com/upi-breaking/20050125-040547-3838r.htm 1 of 4 18/07/2005 21:33 Advertise Subscribe Search Site Map Front Page Nation/Politics Electronics / Computers Education Health Entertainment Today's Newspaper Ad Enter Symbol Nation/Politics World

  14. LIGA microsystems aging : evaluation and mitigation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadden, Charles H.; Yang, Nancy Y. C.; San Marchi, Christopher W.

    2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deployment of LIGA structures in DP applications requires a thorough understanding of potential long term physical and chemical changes that may occur during service. While these components are generally fabricated from simple metallic systems such as copper, nickel and nickel alloys, the electroplating process used to form them creates microstructural features which differ from those found in conventional (e.g. ingot metallurgy) processing of such materials. Physical changes in non-equilibrium microstructures may occur due to long term exposure to temperatures sufficient to permit atomic and vacancy mobility. Chemical changes, particularly at the surfaces of LIGA parts, may occur in the presence of gaseous chemical species (e.g. water vapor, HE off-gassing compounds) and contact with other metallic structures. In this study, we have characterized the baseline microstructure of several nickel-based materials that are used to fabricate LIGA structures. Solute content and distribution was found to have a major effect on the electroplated microstructures. Microstructural features were correlated to measurements of hardness and tensile strength. Dormancy testing was conducted on one of the baseline compositions, nickel-sulfamate. Groups of specimens were exposed to controlled thermal cycles; subsequent examinations compared properties of 'aged' specimens to the baseline conditions. Results of our testing indicate that exposure to ambient temperatures (-54 C to 71 C) do not result in microstructural changes that might be expected to significantly effect mechanical performance. Additionally, no localized changes in surface appearance were found as a result of contact between electroplated parts.

  15. Chelation: A Fundamental Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors, AGE Breakers, and Other Inhibitors of Diabetes Complications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagai, Rhoji; Murray, David B.; Metz, Thomas O.; Baynes, John

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced glycation or glycoxidation end-products (AGE) increase in tissue proteins with age, and their rate of accumulation is increased in diabetes, nephropathy and inflammatory diseases. AGE inhibitors include a range of compounds that are proposed to act by trapping carbonyl and dicarbonyl intermediates in AGE formation. However, some among the newer generation of AGE inhibitors lack reactive functional groups that would trap reaction intermediates, indicating an alternative mechanism of action. We propose that AGE inhibitors function primarily as chelators, inhibiting metal-catalyzed oxidation reactions. The AGE-inhibitory activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers is also consistent with their chelating activity. Finally, compounds described as AGE breakers, or their hydrolysis products, also have strong chelating activity, suggesting that these compounds also act through their chelating activity. We conclude that chelation is the common, and perhaps the primary, mechanism of action of AGE inhibitors and breakers, and that chronic, mild chelation therapy should prove useful in treatment of diabetes and age-related diseases characterized by oxidative stress, inflammation and increased chemical modification of tissue proteins by advanced glycoxidation and lipoxidation end-products.

  16. Spectro-Microscopic Measurements of Carbonaceous Aerosol Aging...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Carbonaceous Aerosol Aging in Central California. Abstract: Carbonaceous aerosols are responsible for large uncertainties in climate models, degraded visibility, and...

  17. aging colloidal glass: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Matter (arXiv) Summary: We use confocal microscopy to directly visualize the dynamics of aging colloidal glasses. We prepare a colloidal suspension at high density, a...

  18. aged patients usefulness: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (6-month old, 12-month old, and adult) based on auditory event-related potentials Reilly, James P. 34 USING OBJECTIVE CRITERIA AND MULTIPLE REGRESSION MODELS FOR AGE...

  19. accelerated aging studies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the nominal one, increasing background and pile-up event probability. This requires detector performances which are currently under study in intensive R&D activities. Aging is...

  20. age spectrum epidemiology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a young supernova. We associate this break with the phenomenon of synchrotron aging of radiating electrons. From the break in the spectrum we calculate the magnetic field...

  1. aging aircraft wiring: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy of the particle detected. Nevertheless, many factors can contribute to detector aging effects which are visible in a loss of gain caused by deposition of contaminants on...

  2. age xenocrystic zircons: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    zircon age populations suggest that deposition of the extensive 1 km-thick clastic sequence at the base of the cover succession commenced in latest Neoproterozoic and terminated...

  3. age experimental analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: , by improving the seismic hazard evaluation using probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) methodsSeismic vulnerability assessment to slight dam- age...

  4. age mexican children: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    surface area, and thickness measures were obtained. Anxiety symptoms were 18 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

  5. age children group: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    surface area, and thickness measures were obtained. Anxiety symptoms were 22 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

  6. aged children hbsc: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    surface area, and thickness measures were obtained. Anxiety symptoms were 13 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

  7. age children preliminary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    surface area, and thickness measures were obtained. Anxiety symptoms were 17 Tackling Dyslexia at an Early Age esearchers at HMS and Boston Children's Biology and Medicine Websites...

  8. Aging Impairs Myocardial Fatty Acid and Ketone Oxidation and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    that aging modifies substrate utilization and alters insulin sensitivity in mouse heart when provided multiple substrates. In vivo cardiac function was measured with...

  9. age metamorphic history: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (TRFs) shorten predictably with age in a particular tissue Vleck, Carol 11 Thermal and Impact History of the H Chondrite Parent Asteroid during Metamorphism: Constraints from...

  10. Schistosomiasis models with density dependence and age of ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    type of validation concerning the new features being added and the extent to ... an age structure in the class of infected snails, since their cercarial production.

  11. age tumor size: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alternate body arches, fin cartilage 422 AGE AND GROWTH OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, AND YELLOWFIN TUNA, THUNNUS ALBACARES, AS INDICATED Environmental Sciences and...

  12. Influence of Aging and Environment on Nanoparticle Chemistry...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of cerium in cerium oxide nanoparticles is studied in detail. The influence of synthesis medium, aging time and local environment on the oxidation state switching, between +3 and...

  13. Bacteria and the Aging and Longevity of Caenorhabditis elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Dennis H.

    The molecular genetic analysis of longevity of Caenorhabditis elegans has yielded fundamental insights into evolutionarily conserved pathways and processes governing the physiology of aging. Recent studies suggest that ...

  14. aged adults: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The "Aging in Place" project strives to delay taking that first step away from the family home. Through the careful placement of technological support we believe older...

  15. Notes on Groundwater Age in Forward and Inverse Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginn, Timothy R.; Haeri, Hanieh; Massoudieh, Arash; Foglia, Laura

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from radiocarbon dating of groundwater and numerical ?ow andReply to “Comment on groundwater age, life expectancy andanalysis of regional groundwater ?ow. 2. Effect of water-

  16. age care managers: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Managing Prosperity: Estate and Retirement Planning for All Ages Planning for Long-Term Health Care Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: 15 million by...

  17. Attitudes to ageing : a systematic review of attitudes to ageing and mental health, and a cross-sectional analysis of attitudes to ageing and quality of life in older adults 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Sarah Charlotte May

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis portfolio examines attitudes to ageing in older adults, and explores the impact that attitudes to ageing have on mental health status and quality of life. Attitudes to ageing are becoming more widely measured ...

  18. Theoretical foundation for measuring the groundwater age distribution.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, William Payton; Arnold, Bill Walter

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, we use PFLOTRAN, a highly scalable, parallel, flow and reactive transport code to simulate the concentrations of 3H, 3He, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, SF6, 39Ar, 81Kr, 4He and themean groundwater age in heterogeneous fields on grids with an excess of 10 million nodes. We utilize this computational platform to simulate the concentration of multiple tracers in high-resolution, heterogeneous 2-D and 3-D domains, and calculate tracer-derived ages. Tracer-derived ages show systematic biases toward younger ages when the groundwater age distribution contains water older than the maximum tracer age. The deviation of the tracer-derived age distribution from the true groundwater age distribution increases with increasing heterogeneity of the system. However, the effect of heterogeneity is diminished as the mean travel time gets closer the tracer age limit. Age distributions in 3-D domains differ significantly from 2-D domains. 3D simulations show decreased mean age, and less variance in age distribution for identical heterogeneity statistics. High-performance computing allows for investigation of tracer and groundwater age systematics in high-resolution domains, providing a platform for understanding and utilizing environmental tracer and groundwater age information in heterogeneous 3-D systems. Groundwater environmental tracers can provide important constraints for the calibration of groundwater flow models. Direct simulation of environmental tracer concentrations in models has the additional advantage of avoiding assumptions associated with using calculated groundwater age values. This study quantifies model uncertainty reduction resulting from the addition of environmental tracer concentration data. The analysis uses a synthetic heterogeneous aquifer and the calibration of a flow and transport model using the pilot point method. Results indicate a significant reduction in the uncertainty in permeability with the addition of environmental tracer data, relative to the use of hydraulic measurements alone. Anthropogenic tracers and their decay products, such as CFC11, 3H, and 3He, provide significant constraint oninput permeability values in the model. Tracer data for 39Ar provide even more complete information on the heterogeneity of permeability and variability in the flow system than the anthropogenic tracers, leading to greater parameter uncertainty reduction.

  19. Living and Dying Abroad: Aspects of Egyptian Cultural Identity in Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Canaan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Krystal Victoria Lords

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    74 lamps, one biconical strainer-spouted jug, one pyxis, 25Age pottery like the biconical strainer- spouted jug and theand bronze juglet, strainer, lamp, and deep hemispherical

  20. THE ROLE OF AGING AND ONCE-THROUGH-COOLED POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION THE ROLE OF AGING AND ONCE-THROUGH-COOLED POWER PLANTS IN CALIFORNIA Nyberg, Darryl Metz, Connie Leni. 2009. The Role of Aging and Once-Through-Cooled Power Plants .......................................9 The Performance of Once-Through-Cooled Power Plants 2002

  1. AGEING NORTH AMERICAN LANDBIRDS BY MOLT LIMITS AND PLUMAGE CRITERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeSante, David F.

    TO THE IDENTIFICATION GUIDE TO NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS, PART I Dan Froehlich Slate Creek Press #12;AGEING NORTH AMERICAN TO NORTH AMERICAN BIRDS, PART I Dan Froehlich Slate Creek Press Bolinas, California #12;Ageing North by David F. DeSante, Peter Pyle, and Nicole Michel for Slate Creek Press, P.O. Box 219, Bolinas, California

  2. Communicating Coastal Risk Analysis in an Age of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Communicating Coastal Risk Analysis in an Age of Climate Change TR-11-04 Brian Blanton, John Mc in an Age of Climate Change Brian Blanton, John McGee, Oleg Kapeljushnik Renaissance Computing Institute of climate change complicates matters further. An immersive visualization environment integrating data from

  3. aging materials: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aging materials First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Ageing and Rheology in Soft Materials...

  4. Asphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties through a Functionally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulino, Glaucio H.

    Asphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties through a Functionally Graded ­ Verification ­ Concluding Remarks Part ­ II (Companion presentation) ­ Asphalt Pavements ­ Effect of Aging: Asphalt concrete pavements (Part II) E1 E2 E3 Eh 1 2 3 h #12;Graded Finite Elements Graded Elements

  5. Revised isotopic (40 Ar) age for the lamproite volcano of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Revised isotopic (40 Ar/39 Ar) age for the lamproite volcano of Cabezos Negros, Fortuna Basin (lamproites) of the Fortuna Basin in southeast Spain. This age is significantly older than earlier reported K. Because the volcanic rocks are intercalated in the stratigraphic sequence of the Fortuna Basin directly

  6. International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabrieli, John

    International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du and Sergey Paltsev Report No. 271;1 International Trade in Natural Gas: Golden Age of LNG? Yichen Du* and Sergey Paltsev* Abstract The introduction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) as an option for international trade has created a market for natural gas where

  7. Czech Archaeologists in Uzbekistan Discover Bronze Age Irrigation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Czech Archaeologists in Uzbekistan Discover Bronze Age Irrigation System Compiled 20.11.2014 16 they discovered was settlements dating back to the Iron and Bronze Ages, including a well-preserved irrigation system. The Paschurt Valley is located in the south of Uzbekistan, a country which has become

  8. Lading of the Late Bronze Age ship at Uluburun 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Shih-Han Samuel

    2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    clear indication of a Late Bronze Age site. This find was of considerable interest as very little is known about seafaring, long distance trade, and ship construction during the Late Bronze Age, except for a glimpse provided by the Cape Gelidonya...

  9. Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants-pumps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booker, S.; Katz, D.; Daavettila, N.; Lehnert, D. [MDC-Ogden Environmental and Energy Services, Southfield, MI (United States)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) describes recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in BWR and PWR commercial nuclear power plant pumps important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

  10. EVOLUTION OF AGING AND LATE LIFE Casandra L. Rauser, Laurence D. Mueller,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    551 18 EVOLUTION OF AGING AND LATE LIFE Casandra L. Rauser, Laurence D. Mueller, Michael Travisano of Aging Specific Population Genetic Hypotheses for Aging THE ROLE OF EXPERIMENTAL EVOLUTION IN TESTING HAMILTONIAN THEORIES OF AGING Laboratory Evolution of Aging Experimental Population Genetics of Aging

  11. An assessment of fire vulnerability for aged electrical relays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vigil, R.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)]|[Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Nowlen, S.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been some concern that, as nuclear power plants age, protective measures taken to control and minimize the impact of fire may become ineffective, or significantly less effective, and hence result in an increased fire risk. One objective of the Fire Vulnerability of Aged Electrical Components Program is to assess the effects of aging and service wear on the fire vulnerability of electrical equipment. An increased fire vulnerability of components may lead to an overall increase in fire risk to the plant. Because of their widespread use in various electrical safety systems, electromechanical relays were chosen to be the initial components for evaluation. This test program assessed the impact of operational and thermal aging on the vulnerability of these relays to fire-induced damage. Only thermal effects of a fire were examined in this test program. The impact of smoke, corrosive materials, or fire suppression effects on relay performance were not addressed in this test program. The purpose of this test program was to assess whether the fire vulnerability of electrical relays increased with aging. The sequence followed for the test program was to: identify specific relay types, develop three fire scenarios, artificially age several relays, test the unaged and aged relays in the fire exposure scenarios, and compare the results. The relays tested were Agastat GPI, General Electric (GE) HMA, HGA, and HFA. At least two relays of each type were artificially aged and at least two relays of each type were new. Relays were operationally aged by cycling the relay under rated load for 2,000 operations. These relays were then thermally aged for 60 days with their coil energized.

  12. PIXE, Micro-PIXE and RBS Analysis of Thermal Aged Rubber Material : On The Additives Behaviour Versus Aging Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    PIXE, Micro-PIXE and RBS Analysis of Thermal Aged Rubber Material : On The Additives Behaviour Villeurbanne Cedex-France. ABSTRACT PIXE, micro-PIXE and RBS techniques were employed to monitor the behaviour of the rubber material itself. Keywords : PIXE, micro-PIXE, RBS, Rubber, Thermal Aging, Segregation, Additives

  13. Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    Because there is currently no designated disposal site for used nuclear fuel in the United States transportation of used fuel at operating and decommissioned nuclear power plant sites. Under U.S. federal for an Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI) must not exceed 40 years from the date of issuance

  14. Invariance of Structure in an Aging Colloidal Glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gianguido C. Cianci; Rachel E. Courtland; Eric R. Weeks

    2005-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We study concentrated colloidal suspensions, a model system which has a glass transition. The non-equilibrium nature of the glassy state is most clearly highlighted by aging -- the dependence of the system's properties on the time elapsed since vitrification. Fast laser scanning confocal microscopy allows us to image a colloidal glass and track the particles in three dimensions. We analyze the static structure in terms of tetrahedral packing. We find that while the aging of the suspension clearly affects its dynamics, none of the geometrical quantities associated with tetrahedra change with age.

  15. The Effects of Ageing on Memory and Thinking 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Amanda

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main aim of the present study is to examine the effects of ageing on memory and thinking by examining verbal fluency performance. More specifically looking at the differences between older and younger people, to ...

  16. Solar System impact rates measured from lunar spherule ages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, Richard A.

    . The samples were irradiated with fast neutrons for 100 hours at the Oregon State University Reactor. Each measured using a MAP 215-C noble gas mass spectrometer. Spherule ages were determined using the 40 Ar/39 Ar

  17. ageing seed pools: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the methods, expense, and logistics of sample collection. The ability to inventory wild populations would be greatly expanded if pooled adult age-class data (e.g.,...

  18. Multisensory integration of social information in adult aging 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunter, Edyta Monika

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficient navigation of our social world depends on the generation, interpretation and combination of social signals within different sensory systems. However, the influence of adult aging on cross-modal integration of emotional stimuli remains...

  19. age infant sex: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    old, 12-month old, and adult) based on auditory event-related potentials Reilly, James P. 13 RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Sex-related differences and age of peak Physics...

  20. advancing age potential: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    old, 12-month old, and adult) based on auditory event-related potentials Reilly, James P. 10 Paradoxical down?regulation of p16 INK4a mRNA with advancing age in Acute...

  1. aging degradation study: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    detector performances which are currently under study in intensive R&D activities. Aging is one of the key issues for a high-luminosity LHC application. For this reason, we...

  2. ageing electronic systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the relative merits of competing file system designs. In addition to describing our aging tools, we demonstrate their use by applying them to evaluate two enhancements to the...

  3. aging decreases expression: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    interacting sensory stimuli... Duncan, Nikki 2013-03-13 35 Analysis of Telomere Length in the Aged mdx Diaphragm with and without Transgenic IGF-I Expression CiteSeer...

  4. Maximum Entry and Mandatory Separation Ages for Certain Security Employees

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2001-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The Policy in response to government-wide Office of Personnel Management regulations regarding establishment of mandatory retirement ages for employees in certain security related positions. Superseded by DOE P 310.1 Admin Chg 1, 12-1-11.

  5. Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism...

  6. administration normative aging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S:pr.aoa.dhhs.govaoastatsaging21demography.html . Administration on Aging. 1999. Profile of Older Americans: 1999. U.S. Department:pr.aoa.dhhs.govaoastatsprofile...

  7. Health, Ageing and Ethnicity: A Retrospective and Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Health, Ageing and Ethnicity: A Retrospective and Prospects Naina Patel, PhD. Dr. Patel called Minority Elderly Care (MEC) under the EC 5th Framework Research Programme. Formerly the UK

  8. Cognitive training in schizophrenia: golden age or wild west?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinogradov, Sophia

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Golden Age or Wild West? Sophia Vinogradov, Melissa Fisher,Address correspondence to Sophia Vinogradov, M.D. , 116A–Francisco, CA 94121; E-mail: sophia. vinogradov@ucsf.edu.

  9. System to estimate ages and redshifts for radio galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. V. Verkhodanov; A. I. Kopylov; N. V. Verkhodanova; O. P. Zhelenkova; V. N. Chernenkov; Yu. N. Parijskij; N. S. Soboleva; A. V. Temirova

    2001-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The system allowing a user to operate with simulated curves of spectral energy distribution (SED) and to estimate ages and redshifts by photometric data at server {\\bf sed.sao.ru} is described.

  10. Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. Potentially Productive Reservoirs and Plays Assessed by...

  11. r Journalof Geology LATE ARCHEAN ZIRCON AGES 419

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    sows t at t e popu a Ion 0 zIrcons in the banded granulite Ch Zr I, which record ages 238UfO6Pb at 2622

  12. Continuous Commissioning® in an Aged Office Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Y.; Liu, M.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    exchanger provides hot water to the perimeter induction units and AHUs. The HVAC systems operate from 5:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. generally during the weekdays and from 7:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. on Saturday. After the CC SM survey and study... was developed. Instead of being constant, supply air temperature set point increases when the outside air temperature decreases in the winter since heating is needed in both areas. Fig. 5 shows the CC SM control schedule. Mixed air temperature set points...

  13. The Age of the Galaxy from Thorium Cosmochronometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Sneden; J. J. Cowan

    2000-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The long-lived radioactive element thorium can potentially provide a simple and direct clock to determine the age of our Galaxy. Spectroscopic investigations of thorium in metal-poor stars have yielded some promising initial results. We discuss the major observational and theoretical limitations in thorium cosmochronometry, and point out the ways in which the implied Galactic ages from thorium abundances can be made more accurate.

  14. Vulnerability of age-0 pallid sturgeon Scaphirhynchus albus to fish predation By W. E. French1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and smallmouth bass is low, especially in the presence of an alternative fish prey. Introduction SturgeonVulnerability of age-0 pallid sturgeon Scaphirhynchus albus to fish predation By W. E. French1 , B, Brookings, SD, USA; 2 USGS South Dakota Cooperative Fish & Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Wildlife

  15. Accident sequence precursor events with age-related contributors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, G.A.; Kohn, W.E.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) Program at ORNL analyzed about 14.000 Licensee Event Reports (LERs) filed by US nuclear power plants 1987--1993. There were 193 events identified as precursors to potential severe core accident sequences. These are reported in G/CR-4674. Volumes 7 through 20. Under the NRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research program, the authors evaluated these events to determine the extent to which component aging played a role. Events were selected that involved age-related equipment degradation that initiated an event or contributed to an event sequence. For the 7-year period, ORNL identified 36 events that involved aging degradation as a contributor to an ASP event. Except for 1992, the percentage of age-related events within the total number of ASP events over the 7-year period ({approximately}19%) appears fairly consistent up to 1991. No correlation between plant ape and number of precursor events was found. A summary list of the age-related events is presented in the report.

  16. Effect of component aging on PWR control rod drive systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grove, E.; Gunther, W.; Sullivan, K.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An aging assessment of PWR control rod drive (CRD) systems has been completed as part of the US NRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program. The design, construction, maintenance, and operation of the Babcock Wilcox (B W), Combustion Engineering (CE), and Westinghouse (W) systems were evaluated to determine the potential for degradation as each system ages. Operating experience data were evaluated to identify the predominant failure modes, causes, and effects. This, coupled with an assessment of the materials of construction and operating environment, demonstrate that each design is subject to degradation, which if left unchecked, could affect its safety function as the plant ages. An industry survey, conducted with the assistance of EPRI and NUMARC, identified current CRD system maintenance and inspection practices. The results of this survey indicate that some plants have performed system modifications, replaced components, or augmented existing preventive maintenance practices in response to system aging. The survey results also supported the operating experience data, which concluded that the timely replacement of degraded components, prior to failure, was not always possible using existing condition monitoring techniques. The recommendations presented in this study also include a discussion of more advanced monitoring techniques, which provide trendable results capable of detecting aging.

  17. Effect of component aging on PWR control rod drive systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grove, E.; Gunther, W.; Sullivan, K.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An aging assessment of PWR control rod drive (CRD) systems has been completed as part of the US NRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program. The design, construction, maintenance, and operation of the Babcock & Wilcox (B & W), Combustion Engineering (CE), and Westinghouse (W) systems were evaluated to determine the potential for degradation as each system ages. Operating experience data were evaluated to identify the predominant failure modes, causes, and effects. This, coupled with an assessment of the materials of construction and operating environment, demonstrate that each design is subject to degradation, which if left unchecked, could affect its safety function as the plant ages. An industry survey, conducted with the assistance of EPRI and NUMARC, identified current CRD system maintenance and inspection practices. The results of this survey indicate that some plants have performed system modifications, replaced components, or augmented existing preventive maintenance practices in response to system aging. The survey results also supported the operating experience data, which concluded that the timely replacement of degraded components, prior to failure, was not always possible using existing condition monitoring techniques. The recommendations presented in this study also include a discussion of more advanced monitoring techniques, which provide trendable results capable of detecting aging.

  18. Age characteristics in a multidecadal Arctic sea ice simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunke, Elizabeth C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bitz, Cecllia M [UNIV. OF WASHINGTON

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Results from adding a tracer for age of sea ice to a sophisticated sea ice model that is widely used for climate studies are presented. The consistent simulation of ice age, dynamics, and thermodynamics in the model shows explicitly that the loss of Arctic perennial ice has accelerated in the past three decades, as has been seen in satellite-derived observations. Our model shows that the September ice age average across the Northern Hemisphere varies from about 5 to 8 years, and the ice is much younger (about 2--3 years) in late winter because of the expansion of first-year ice. We find seasonal ice on average comprises about 5% of the total ice area in September, but as much as 1.34 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} survives in some years. Our simulated ice age in the late 1980s and early 1990s declined markedly in agreement with other studies. After this period of decline, the ice age began to recover, but in the final years of the simulation very little young ice remains after the melt season, a strong indication that the age of the pack will again decline in the future as older ice classes fail to be replenished. The Arctic ice pack has fluctuated between older and younger ice types over the past 30 years, while ice area, thickness, and volume all declined over the same period, with an apparent acceleration in the last decade.

  19. Bronze metallurgy in Iron Age central Europe : a metallurgical study of Early Iron Age bronzes from Sti?na, Slovenia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooney, Elizabeth Myers

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Early Iron Age (750-450 BCE) marks a time in the European Alpine Region in which cultural ideologies surrounding bronze objects and bronze production were changing. Iron was becoming the preferred material from which ...

  20. GABAergic systems in a model of age-related cognitive impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaSarge, Candi Lynn

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    cohort of young and aged rats was characterized in an odor discrimination task. Similar to aged rat water maze performance, some aged rats performed odor learning discrimination problems on par with the young cohort (i.e. aged-unimpaired) and some aged...

  1. COMPONENT DEGRADATION SUSCEPTIBILITIES AS THE BASES FOR MODELING REACTOR AGING RISK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.

    2010-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The extension of nuclear power plant operating licenses beyond 60 years in the United States will be necessary if we are to meet national energy needs while addressing the issues of carbon and climate. Characterizing the operating risks associated with aging reactors is problematic because the principal tool for risk-informed decision-making, Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), is not ideally-suited to addressing aging systems. The components most likely to drive risk in an aging reactor - the passives - receive limited treatment in PRA, and furthermore, standard PRA methods are based on the assumption of stationary failure rates: a condition unlikely to be met in an aging system. A critical barrier to modeling passives aging on the wide scale required for a PRA is that there is seldom sufficient field data to populate parametric failure models, and nor is there the availability of practical physics models to predict out-year component reliability. The methodology described here circumvents some of these data and modeling needs by using materials degradation metrics, integrated with conventional PRA models, to produce risk importance measures for specific aging mechanisms and component types. We suggest that these measures have multiple applications, from the risk-screening of components to the prioritization of materials research.

  2. Managing aging in nuclear power plants: Insights from NRC maintenance team inspection reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fresco, A.; Subudhi, M.; Gunther, W.; Grove, E.; Taylor, J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A plant`s maintenance program is the principal vehicle through which age-related degradation is managed. From 1988 to 1991, the NRC evaluated the maintenance program of every nuclear power plant in the United States. Forty-four out of a total of 67 of the reports issued on these in-depth team inspections were reviewed for insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the programs as related to the need to understand and manage the effects of aging on nuclear plant systems, structures, and components. Relevant information was extracted from these inspection reports and sorted into several categories, including Specific Aging Insights, Preventive Maintenance, Predictive Maintenance and Condition Monitoring, Post Maintenance Testing, Failure Trending, Root Cause Analysis and Usage of Probabilistic Risk Assessment in the Maintenance Process. Specific examples of inspection and monitoring techniques successfully used by utilities to detect degradation due to aging have been identified. The information also was sorted according to systems and components, including: Auxiliary Feedwater, Main Feedwater, High Pressure Injection for both BWRs and PWRs, Service Water, Instrument Air, and Emergency Diesel Generator Air Start Systems, and Emergency Diesel Generators Air Start Systems, emergency diesel generators, electrical components such as switchgear, breakers, relays, and motor control centers, motor operated valves and check valves. This information was compared to insights gained from the Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program. Attributes of plant maintenance programs where the NRC inspectors felt that improvement was needed to properly address the aging issue also are discussed.

  3. Fracture toughness test results of thermal aged reactor vessel materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeVan, M.J.; Lowe, A.L. Jr. [B and W Nuclear Technologies Inc., Lynchburg, VA (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Hall, J.B. [Babcock and Wilcox Co., Alliance, OH (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal-aged surveillance materials consisting of Sa-533, Grade B, Class 1 plate material; SA-508, Class 2 forging material; and 2 Mn-Mo-Ni/Linde 80 weld metals were removed from two commercial reactor pressure vessels. The material from the first reactor vessel received a thermal exposure of approximately 103,000 hours at 282 C, while the material from the second reactor vessel received a thermal exposure of approximately 93,000 hours at 282 C. Tensile and 1/2 T compact fracture toughness specimens were fabricated from these materials and tested. In addition, to examine the effects of annealing, selected thermal-aged and unaged specimens were annealed at 454 C (850 F) and tested. Varying responses in the fracture toughness properties were observed for all materials after exposure to the thermal-aging temperature. The base metal plate had an observed decrease in J-values after its respective aging exposure, while no significant difference in the J-values were observed for the Linde 80 weld metals. No significant difference was seen in the J-data for the aged/annealed materials, but because of the small number of test specimens available, no conclusion could be determined for the response to annealing.

  4. The impact of minimum age of employment regulation on child labor and schooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmonds, Eric V

    Promoting minimum age of employment regulation has been a centerpiece in child labor policy for the last 15 years. If enforced, minimum age regulation would change the age profile of paid child employment. Using micro-data ...

  5. Hydraulic limitation not declining nitrogen availability causes the age-related photosynthetic decline in loblolly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    Hydraulic limitation not declining nitrogen availability causes the age-related photosynthetic capacity and thus decreases GPP with increasing age; and (2) hydraulic limitations increasingly induce conservative with age. We conclude that hydraulic limitation increasingly limits the photosyn- thetic rates

  6. Environmental and age effects on methylation changes in human brain and blood cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giguzinsky, Orit

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous studies have shown that DNA methylation may 1 e associated with disease, aging, the rate of aging and genetics. In this thesis, age is accurately predicted from DNA methylation in brain and blood tissues using two ...

  7. Generalized Einstein Relation in an aging colloidal glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bérengère Abou; François Gallet; Pascal Monceau; Noëlle Pottier

    2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an experimental and theoretical investigation of the Generalized Einstein Relation (GER), a particular form of a fluctuation-dissipation relation, in an out-of-equilibrium visco-elastic fluid. Micrometer beads, used as thermometers, are immersed in an aging colloidal glass to provide both fluctuation and dissipation measurements. The deviations from the Generalized Einstein Relation are derived as a function of frequency and aging time. The observed deviations from GER are interpreted as directly related to the change in the glass relaxation times with aging time. In our scenario, deviations are observed in the regime where the observation time scale is of the order of a characteristic relaxation time of the glass.

  8. Organic tanks safety program FY96 waste aging studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camaioni, D.M.; Samuels, W.D.; Linehan, J.C.; Clauss, S.A.; Sharma, A.K.; Wahl, K.L.; Campbell, J.A.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Uranium and plutonium production at the Hanford Site produced large quantities of radioactive by-products and contaminated process chemicals, which are stored in underground tanks awaiting treatment and disposal. Having been made strongly alkaline and then subjected to successive water evaporation campaigns to increase storage capacity, the wastes now exist in the physical forms of salt cakes, metal oxide sludges, and partially saturated aqueous brine solutions. The tanks that contain organic process chemicals mixed with nitrate/nitrite salt wastes may be at risk for fuel- nitrate combustion accidents. The purpose of the Waste Aging Task is to elucidate how chemical and radiological processes will have aged or degraded the organic compounds stored in the tanks. Ultimately, the task seeks to develop quantitative measures of how aging changes the energetic properties of the wastes. This information will directly support efforts to evaluate the hazard as well as to develop potential control and mitigation strategies.

  9. Aging management of containment structures in nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, D.J.; Oland, C.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Ellingwood, B.R. [The Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Graves, H.L. III; Norris, W.E. [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Research is being conducted by ORNL under US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) sponsorship to address aging management of nuclear power plant containment and other safety-related structures. Documentation is being prepared to provide the USNRC with potential structural safety issues and acceptance criteria for use in continued service evaluations of nuclear power plants. Accomplishments include development of a Structural Materials Information Center containing data and information on the time variation of 144 material properties under the influence of pertinent environmental stressors or aging factors, evaluation of models for potential concrete containment degradation factors, development of a procedure to identify critical structures and degradation factors important to aging management, evaluations of nondestructive evaluation techniques. assessments of European and North American repair practices for concrete, review of parameters affecting corrosion of metals embedded in concrete, and development of methodologies for making current condition assessments and service life predictions of new or existing reinforced concrete structures in nuclear power plants.

  10. Aging of steel containments and liners in nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, D.J.; Oland, C.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Engineering Technology Div.; Ellingwood, B. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Norris, W.E. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aging of the containment pressure boundary in light water reactor plants is being addressed to understand the significant factors relating occurrence of corrosion efficacy of inspection and structural capacity reduction of steel containments and liners of concrete containments. and to make recommendations on use of risk models in regulatory decisions. Current regulatory in-service inspection requirements are reviewed and a summary of containment related degradation experience is presented. Current and emerging nondestructive examination techniques and a degradation assessment methodology for characterizing and quantifying the amount of damage present are described. Quantitative tools for condition assessment of aging structures using time dependent structural reliability analysis methods are summarized. Such methods provide a framework for addressing the uncertainties attendant to aging in the decision process. Results of this research provide a means for establishing current and estimating future structural capacity margins of containments, and to address the significance of incidences of reported containment degradation.

  11. Age correlation of petroleum of unknown source using biological markers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moldowan, J.M.; Jacobson, S.R.; Lee, C.Y. (Chevron Oil Field Research Co., Richmond, CA (USA)); Huizinga, B.J. (Chevron Overseas Petroleum, Inc., San Ramon, CA (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Determination of age constraints on petroleums from unknown sources provides a means of choosing among possible source rock candidates, predicting migration scenarios for oil, and determining the timing of its emplacement in the reservoir. A number of parameters used to assign such age constraints to petroleum have been suggested by geochemists. However, any constraining marker, regardless of age, may not be found in a particular facies because the parent organisms are absent in those sediments. Thus, the presence of a specific age correlation marker may be significant whereas its absence may not. The authors have investigated two markers for their age-correlation significance. Oleanane, a marker related to pentacyclic triterpanes in flowering plants (angiosperms) occurs in many Late Cretaceous or younger rocks and oils, even though angiosperm fossils are known in older rocks. A survey of a sequence of middle to upper Cretaceous rocks from Wyoming provides an example of a Late Cretaceous age for the onset of oleanane. However, a level of uncertainty exists for older Cretaceous rocks where a trace component with many similarities to oleanane (which could in fact be oleanane) can occur. C{sub 30}-steranes (24-n-propylcholestanes) have been used as a widely occurring marker for marine organic input to petroleum. A recent report postulates the origin of C{sub 30}-steranes from marine Sarcinochrysidales order of Chrysophycase (golden brown algae). Although the fossil record of these algae has not been recorded, their sample base indicates that C{sub 30} steranes, and therefore their parent organisms, originate in the Middle Ordovician.

  12. Research is needed to assess the unique nutrition and wellness needs of aging Californians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackburn, Mary L.; Gillogly, Barbara; Hauselt, Peggy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the development of osteoporosis. Aging and nutrient intakeschronic diseases such as osteoporosis (Wallace 2005). Ma rinanemia, and calcium and osteoporosis; but the role of aging

  13. Aging Aircraft NDI Development and Demonstration Center (AANC): An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter, P.L.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A major center with emphasis on validation of nondestructive inspection techniques for aging aircraft, the Aging Aircraft NDI Development and Demonstration Center (AANC), has been funded by the FAA at Sandia National Laboratories. The Center has been assigned specific tasks in developing techniques for the nondestructive inspection of static engine parts, assessing inspection reliability (POD experiments), developing test beds for nondestructive inspection validation, maintaining a FAA library of characterized aircraft structural test specimens, and leasing a hangar to house a high flight cycle transport aircraft for use as a full scale test bed. 3 refs.

  14. Aging of concrete structures in nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, D.J.; Pland, C.B. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Arndt, E.G. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Structural Aging (SAG) Program, sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) and conducted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), had the overall objective of providing the USNRC with an improved basis for evaluating nuclear power plant structures for continued service. The program consists of three technical tasks: materials property data base, structural component assessment/repair technology, and quantitative methodology for continued service determinations. Major accomplishments under the SAG Program during the first two years of its planned five-year duration have included: development of a Structural Materials Information Center and formulation of a Structural Aging Assessment Methodology for Concrete Structures in Nuclear Power Plants. 9 refs.

  15. Determination of age in forensic dentistry from cemental incremental lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sousa, Eliane Marques Duarte de

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DETERMINATION OF AGE IN FORENSIC DENTISTRY FROM CEMENTAL INCREMENTAL LINES Thes' s by ELIANE MARJUES DLARTE DF SOUSA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A?M Univer ity ' n r. srt' al f"lf' llment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTEP OF S IENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Veterinary Anatomy DETERMINATION OF AGE IN FORENSIC DENTISTRy FROM CEMENTAL INCREMENTAL LINES A Thesis by ELIANE MARQUES DUARTE DE SOUSA Approved as to style and content by: eorge G. Stott (Chairman...

  16. Tenderness, flavor, and yield assessments of dry-aged beef

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laster, Megan Ann

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    , vacuum packaged, and imediately frozen. These steaks served as the baseline for tendernes and flavor asesments. The remaining subprimals (n=288) (6 replications x 2 grade groups x 3 subprimals x 4 aging periods x 2 aging treatments) were randomly 7... and reweighed (out of bag weight). In order for a purge loss value to be calculated, vacuum package bags then were washed, dried, and weighed. Using the band saw, ribeye rolls were cut into 2.54 cm-thick Bef Ribeye Steaks Lip-On BI (U.P.C. #1197) (refered...

  17. Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9MorganYouofSolvingexplore2 Space andSpace-AgeSpace-Age

  18. Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3Biology|Solar windMarchSpace-Age CeramicsSpace-Age

  19. Women in management: gender, age and working lives 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jyrkinen, Marjut; McKie, Linda

    The project reported in this briefing paper explored how age and gender inter-weave and impact on the working and home lives of women managers working in two EU member states, namely Finland and Scotland. The proportion of women in middle...

  20. Aging of Alloy 617 at 650 and 750 Degrees C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Julian Benz; Thomas Lillo; Richard Wright

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alloy 617 has been selected as the primary candidate for heat exchanger applications in advanced reactors. For the VHTR this application could require extended service up to a reactor outlet temperature of 950°C. A key hurdle to using this alloy in the VHTR heat exchanger application is qualifying the alloy for Section III of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. In order to Code qualify the material it is necessary to characterize the influence of long term aging on the mechanical behavior. Alloy 617 has been aged at 650 and 750°C for times up to 5300 hours. The microstructure after aging has been characterized using optical and transmission electron microscopies. It has been determined that in addition to carbides, a significant volume fraction of ?’ phase (Ni3Al) is formed at these temperatures. The ?’ does not contribute significantly to changing the tensile or impact properties of the aged material. It does, however, appear to increase creep resistance and impede creep crack growth.

  1. age toolmaking technology: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    age toolmaking technology First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Privacy, Technology, and...

  2. Brain surgery breathes new life into aging plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makansi, J. [Pearl Street Inc. (United States)

    2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Unlike managing the human aging process, extending the life of a power plant often includes brain surgery, modernizing its control and automation system. Lately, such retrofits range from wholesale replacing of existing controls to the addition of specific control elements that help optimize performance. Pending revisions to safety codes and cybersecurity issues also need to be considered. 4 figs.

  3. Bitcoin and The Age of Bespoke Silicon Michael Bedford Taylor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    Bitcoin and The Age of Bespoke Silicon Michael Bedford Taylor University of California, San Diego ABSTRACT Recently, the Bitcoin cryptocurrency has been an interna- tional sensation. This paper tells the story of Bitcoin hard- ware: how a group of early-adopters self-organized and fi- nanced the creation

  4. Social relationships, sleep quality, and interleukin-6 in aging women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    focus on sleep quality and its interactions with social engagement in predicting reduced plasma IL-6 of social engagement, sleep quality, and plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in a sample of aging women (n samples were obtained for analysis of plasma levels of IL-6. Regarding subjective assessment, poorer sleep

  5. Original article Age-related changes in apparent digestibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Original article Age-related changes in apparent digestibility in growing kittens E. Jean HARPER kitten to digest protein, fat, carbohydrate, dry-matter and energy were assessed. Kittens were divided access to food. Apparent digestibility of the two diets, and kitten bodyweights were measured over a 24

  6. aging test results: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    test results First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Testing intermediate-age stellar evolution...

  7. accelerated aging test: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    accelerated aging test First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Powerline Conductor Accelerated...

  8. accelerated ageing test: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ageing test First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Powerline Conductor Accelerated Testing...

  9. Aging and Top-Down Attentional Control in Visual Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McShea, Daniel W.

    systems that bias the gating of this featural information to later processing stages such as objectApril 2010 Aging and Top-Down Attentional Control in Visual Search Project Leads David J. Madden Security (DHS) to be able to assess and maintain this skill set in those employed as baggage screeners

  10. Age of Neoproterozoic Bilatarian Body and Trace Fossils, White

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. L. Kirschvink3 A uranium-lead zircon age for a volcanic ash interstratified with fossil seawater. The terminal Neoproterozoic interval is char- acterized by a period of supercontinent amal- gamation and dispersal (1, 2), low-latitude glaciations (3, 4), chemical perturbations of seawater (5

  11. Age-validation of a leopard shark (Triakis semifasciata)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with oxytetracycline hydrochloride (OTC), tagged on the dorsal fin with yellow plastic livestock rototags, and released194 Age-validation of a leopard shark (Triakis semifasciata) recaptured after 20 years Susan E sharks were from a group of 948 leopard sharks tagged and released off Hunterís Point (37°44N lat., 122

  12. absorber materials aging: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    absorber materials aging First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Characterization of porous...

  13. Age-Related Changes in Task Related Functional Network Connectivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the information load [2,3,4], retention interval [5,6] and response time duration [7,8]. Results from fMRI studies-serving these processes have been elucidated with experimental manipulations that vary task demands by altering with these alterations in task demands [9]. Advancing age is associated with decreased performance on verbal working

  14. argentina age stratigraphic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    argentina age stratigraphic First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Contribution of GIS and...

  15. EARLY-AGE CRACKING REVIEW: MECHANISMS, MATERIAL PROPERTIES,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentz, Dale P.

    ://cementbarriers.org/ and Savannah River National Laboratory website: http://srnl.doe.gov #12;Early-Age Cracking Review: Mechanisms Commission (NRC), the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Savannah River National of work performed in part under that contract. This report was prepared in support of the Savannah River

  16. Anoxygenic photosynthesis modulated Proterozoic oxygen and sustained Earth's middle age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macalady, Jenn

    Anoxygenic photosynthesis modulated Proterozoic oxygen and sustained Earth's middle age D. T photosynthesis to overall primary production would have influ- enced oceanic redox and the Proterozoic O2 budget time in Earth's history, complete dominance of oxygenic photosynthesis in the oceans. This paved

  17. Desorption Kinetics for Field-Aged Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rockne, Karl J.

    Harbor Estuary. Desorption kinetics for PAHs with a log octanol- water partition coefficient greater than This study considers desorption kinetics for 12 field-aged polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) desorbing 6 were well- described by a one-domain diffusion model that assumes that PAHs are initially

  18. Reviving the Free Public Scientific Library in the Digital Age?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Reviving the Free Public Scientific Library in the Digital Age? The EuDML project Thierry Bouche for- ward has been achieved during the course of the European Digital Math- ematics Library (Eu during the course of the European Digital Mathematics Library (EuDML) project which got initial funding

  19. Reviving the Free Public Scientific Library in the Digital Age?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Reviving the Free Public Scientific Library in the Digital Age? The EuDML project Thierry Bouche- ward has been achieved during the course of the European Digital Math- ematics Library (EuDML) project during the course of the European Digital Mathematics Library (EuDML) project which got initial funding

  20. Retail Shelf-life Characteristics of Dry-aged Beef

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulbrich, Carson

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    counts, lactic acid bacteria, and yeast and mold counts. Surface discoloration (P = 0.007) and fat discoloration (P < 0.0001) of steaks increased as aging period and retail steak shelf-life day increased. Also, off-odor development increased (P < 0...

  1. The Age-Redshift Relation for Standard Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. C. Thomas; R. Kantowski

    2000-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present compact, analytic expressions for the age-redshift relation $\\tau(z)$ for standard Friedmann-Lema\\^ \\itre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) cosmology. The new expressions are given in terms of incomplete Legendre elliptic integrals and evaluate much faster than by direct numerical integration.

  2. A 4D geometrical modeling of a material aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Chudnovsky; S. Preston

    2006-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    4-dim intrinsic (material) Riemannian metric $G$ of the material 4-D space-time continuum $P$ is utilized as the characteristic of the aging processes developing in the material. Manifested through variation of basic material characteristics such as density, moduli of elasticity, yield stress, strength, and toughness., the aging process is modeled as the evolution of the metric $G$ (most importantly of its time component $G_{00}$) of the material space-time $P$ embedded into 4-D Newtonian space-time with Euclidean metric.\\par The evolutional equation for metric $G$ is derived by the classical variational approach. Construction of a Lagrangian for an aging elastic media and the derivation of a system of coupled elastostatic and aging equations constitute the central part of the work. The external and internal balance laws associated with symmetries of material and physical space-time geometries are briefly reviewed from a new viewpoint presented in the paper. Examples of the stress relaxation and creep of a homogeneous rod, cold drawing, and chemical degradation in a tubing are discussed.

  3. PAGE I OF __ pAGES STANDARD ~M 135

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    th concurrence of MSC Records Management Technicia~ -- - -- 2. SQUARE FEET OF SPACE CLEARED 3. Fl. (Signature) - - 10, TITLE 11. DATE' Records Management Technici~n 7/23/70 12. BOX NUMBERS FRC ONLYPAGE I OF __ pAGES STANDARD ~M 135 RECORbJ TRANSMITTAL TO BE COMPI , AT FEDERAL RECORDS CENTER JULY

  4. aging mouse brain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aging mouse brain First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Construction of Anatomically Correct...

  5. aging brain relevance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aging brain relevance First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Brain Evolution Relevant to P....

  6. aged human brain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    aged human brain First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Chemical Heterogeneity of the Living...

  7. ageing human brain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ageing human brain First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Chemical Heterogeneity of the Living...

  8. All Quebec Retired Employees age 65 and over

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be kept in a safe place known to you and your family. The Plan is underwritten by #12;Protecting Your; as well as life, disability and critical illness insurance for individuals and families. As a leadingAll Quebec Retired Employees age 65 and over #12;Great-West Life is a leading Canadian life

  9. Correlations of Structure and Dynamics in an Aging Colloidal Glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks, Eric R.

    Correlations of Structure and Dynamics in an Aging Colloidal Glass Gianguido C. Cianci, Rachel E an initial state. We study the relationship between the static structure and the slowing dynamics, using these phenomena try to link the microscopic structure to the microscopic dynamics. For example, one might

  10. Ages of White Dwarf-Red Subdwarf Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hektor Monteiro; Wei-Chun Jao; Todd Henry; John Subasavage; Thom Beaulieu

    2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide the first age estimates for two recently discovered white dwarf-red subdwarf systems, LHS 193AB and LHS 300AB. These unusual systems provide a new opportunity for linking the reliable age estimates for the white dwarfs to the (measurable) metallicities of the red subdwarfs. We have obtained precise photometry in the $V_{J}R_{KC}I_{KC}JH$ bands and spectroscopy covering from 6000\\AA to 9000\\AA for the two new systems, as well as for a comparison white dwarf-main sequence red dwarf system, GJ 283 AB. Using model grids available in the literature, we estimate the cooling age as well as temperature, surface gravity, mass, progenitor mass and {\\it total} lifetimes of the white dwarfs. The results indicate that the two new systems are probably ancient thick disk objects with ages of at least 6-9 Gyr. We also conduct searches of red dwarf and white dwarf compendia from SDSS data and the L{\\'e}pine Shara Proper Motion (LSPM) catalog for additional common proper motion white dwarf-red subdwarf systems. Only seven new candidate systems are found, which indicates the rarity of these systems.

  11. The end of the age of oil David Goodstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    (99 Quads) #12;Fossil Fuels Oil Natural gas Shale oil Methane hydrate Coal #12;Coal Hundreds, maybeOut of Gas The end of the age of oil David Goodstein Portland State University November 14, 2008 #12;Energy Myths $4.00 a gallon is too much to pay for gasoline Oil companies produce oil. We must

  12. Final Report Inspection of Aged/Degraded Containments Program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, Dan J [ORNL; Ellingwood, B R [Georgia Institute of Technology; Oland, C Barry [ORNL

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Inspection of Aged/Degraded Containments Program had primary objectives of (1) understanding the significant factors relating corrosion occurrence, efficacy of inspection, and structural capacity reduction of steel containments and liners of reinforced concrete containments; (2) providing the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) reviewers a means of establishing current structural capacity margins or estimating future residual structural capacity margins for steel containments, and concrete containments as limited by liner integrity; (3) providing recommendations, as appropriate, on information to be requested of licensees for guidance that could be utilized by USNRC reviewers in assessing the seriousness of reported incidences of containment degradation; and (4) providing technical assistance to the USNRC (as requested) related to concrete technology. Primary program accomplishments have included development of a degradation assessment methodology; reviews of techniques and methods for inspection and repair of containment metallic pressure boundaries; evaluation of high-frequency acoustic imaging, magnetostrictive sensor, electromagnetic acoustic transducer, and multimode guided plate wave technologies for inspection of inaccessible regions of containment metallic pressure boundaries; development of a continuum damage mechanics-based approach for structural deterioration; establishment of a methodology for reliability-based condition assessments of steel containments and liners; and fragility assessments of steel containments with localized corrosion. In addition, data and information assembled under this program has been transferred to the technical community through review meetings and briefings, national and international conference participation, technical committee involvement, and publications of reports and journal articles. Appendix A provides a listing of program reports, papers, and publications; and Appendix B contains a listing of program-related presentations.

  13. Iodine Loading of NO Aged Silver Exchanged Mordenite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, K. K. [ORNL; Bruffey, S. H. [ORNL; Jubin, J. T. [ORNL; Walker, Jr., J. F. [ORNL

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In an off-gas treatment system for used nuclear fuel processing, a solid sorbent will typically be exposed to a gas stream for months at a time. This gas stream may be at elevated temperature and could contain water vapor, gaseous nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}), nitric acid vapors, and a variety of other constituents. For this reason, it is important to evaluate the effects of long-term exposure, or aging, on proposed sorbents. Silver exchanged mordenite (AgZ) is being studied at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to determine its iodine sorption capacity after long term exposure to increasingly more complex chemical environments. Studies previously conducted at ORNL investigated the effects of aging reduced silver exchanged mordenite (Ag{sup 0}Z) in dry air, moist air, and NO2. This study investigated the effects of extended exposure to nitric oxide (NO) gas on the iodine capture performance of Ag{sup 0}Z. A deep bed of Ag{sup 0}Z was aged in a 1% nitric oxide (NO) air stream, and portions of the bed were removed at pre-determined intervals. After being removed from the NO stream, each sample was loaded with iodine in a thin bed configuration. These samples were analyzed by neutron activation analysis (NAA) to quantify the iodine content in the sample. Samples were removed at one week and one month. A 78% decrease in sample capacity was seen after one week of exposure, with no further decrease observed after 1 month of aging. The observed loss in capacity is larger in magnitude than previous studies exposing Ag{sup 0}Z to dry air, moist air, or NO2 gas. The aging study was terminated after one month and repeated; this successfully demonstrated the reproducibility of the results.

  14. Mesenchymal progenitor self-renewal deficiency leads to age-dependent osteoporosis in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldman, Stephen D.

    Mesenchymal progenitor self-renewal deficiency leads to age-dependent osteoporosis in Sca-1 Ly-6A) The cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie age-dependent osteoporosis, the most common disease uncharacterized mechanism of age-dependent osteoporosis in humans. Osteoporosis is a multifactorial, age

  15. AGING PERFORMANCE OF MODEL 9975 PACKAGE FLUOROELASTOMER O-RINGS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, E.; Daugherty, W.; Skidmore, E.; Dunn, K.; Fisher, D.

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of temperature and radiation on Viton{reg_sign} GLT and GLT-S fluoroelastomer O-rings is an ongoing research focus at the Savannah River National Laboratory. The O-rings are credited for leaktight containment in the Model 9975 shipping package used for transportation of plutonium-bearing materials. At the Savannah River Site, the Model 9975 packages are being used for interim storage. Primary research efforts have focused on surveillance of O-rings from actual packages, leak testing of seals at bounding aging conditions and the effect of aging temperature on compression stress relaxation behavior, with the goal of service life prediction for long-term storage conditions. Recently, an additional effort to evaluate the effect of aging temperature on the oxidation of the materials has begun. Degradation in the mechanical properties of elastomers is directly related to the oxidation of the polymer. Sensitive measurements of the oxidation rate can be performed in a more timely manner than waiting for a measurable change in mechanical properties, especially at service temperatures. Measuring the oxidation rate therefore provides a means to validate the assumption that the degradation mechanisms(s) do not change from the elevated temperatures used for accelerated aging and the lower service temperatures. Monitoring the amount of oxygen uptake by the material over time at various temperatures can provide increased confidence in lifetime predictions. Preliminary oxygen consumption analysis of a Viton GLT-based fluoroelastomer compound (Parker V0835-75) using an Oxzilla II differential oxygen analyzer in the temperature range of 40-120 C was performed. Early data suggests oxygen consumption rates may level off within the first 100,000 hours (10-12 years) at 40 C and that sharp changes in the degradation mechanism (stress-relaxation) are not expected over the temperature range examined. This is consistent with the known long-term heat aging resistance of fluoroelastomers relative to hydrocarbon-based elastomers, and in absence of antioxidants that may be consumed over time. Additional experimental effort will be undertaken in the short term range within the first 100 hours of thermal aging to capture further details of the oxygen consumption rate.

  16. The effect of aging techniques on asphalt low-temperature properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knorr, Daniel Brainard

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . 62 m-Value as a Function of Aging Time for AAF-I Stiffness as a Function of Aging Time for AAF-I . . . . 63 . . . . 63 xu FIGURE III-22 H1-23 m-Value as a Function of Aging Time for Exxon AC-20 . . . . . Stiffness as a Function of Aging Time... for Exxon AC-20 . . . . . Page . . . . 64 Comparison of m-Value Grade and S Grade for Materials at Various Aging Times. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 III-25 Comparison of m...

  17. Cumulative theoretical uncertainties in lithium depletion boundary age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tognelli, Emanuele; Degl'Innocenti, Scilla

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed a detailed analysis of the main theoretical uncertainties affecting the age at the lithium depletion boundary (LDB). To do that we computed almost 12000 pre-main sequence models with mass in the range [0.06, 0.4] M_sun by varying input physics (nuclear reaction cross-sections, plasma electron screening, outer boundary conditions, equation of state, and radiative opacity), initial chemical elements abundances (total metallicity, helium and deuterium abundances, and heavy elements mixture), and convection efficiency (mixing length parameter, alpha_ML). As a first step, we studied the effect of varying these quantities individually within their extreme values. Then, we analysed the impact of simultaneously perturbing the main input/parameters without an a priori assumption of independence. Such an approach allowed us to build for the first time the cumulative error stripe, which defines the edges of the maximum uncertainty region in the theoretical LDB age. We found that the cumulative error stripe ...

  18. The Age and Interior Rotation of Stars from Asteroseismology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Conny

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a status report on the determination of stellar ages from asteroseismology for stars of various masses and evolutionary stages. The ability to deduce the ages of stars with a relative precision of typically 10 to 20% is a unique opportunity for stellar evolution and also of great value for both galactic and exoplanet studies. Further, a major uncalibrated ingredient that makes stellar evolution models uncertain, is the stellar interior rotation frequency $\\Omega(r)$ and its evolution during stellar life. We summarize the recent achievements in the derivation of $\\Omega(r)$ for different types stars, offering stringent observational constraints on theoretical models. Core-to-envelope rotation rates during the red giant stage are far lower than theoretical predictions, pointing towards the need to include new physical ingredients that allow strong and efficient coupling between the core and the envelope in the models of low-mass stars in the evolutionary phase prior to the core helium burning. Stars ...

  19. Management of aging of nuclear power plant containment structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, D.; Oland, C.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Engineering Technology Div.; Ellingwood, B. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering; Norris, W.E.; Graves, H.L. III [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research addressing aging management of nuclear power plant concrete and steel containment structures is summarized. Accomplishments related to concrete containment structures include formation of a materials` property database; an aging assessment methodology to identify critical structures and degradation factors; guidelines and evaluation criteria for use in condition assessments; and a time-dependent reliability-based methodology for condition assessments and estimations of future performance. Under the steel containments and liners activity, a degradation assessment methodology has been developed, mathematical models that describe time-dependent changes in the containment due to aggressive environmental factors have been identified, and statistical data supporting the use of these models in time-dependent reliability analysis have been summarized.

  20. Materials Compatibility and Aging for Flux and Cleaner Combinations.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Archuleta, Kim; Piatt, Rochelle

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A materials study of high reliability electronics cleaning is presented here. In Phase 1, mixed type substrates underwent a condensed contaminants application to view a worst- case scenario for unremoved flux with cleaning agent residue for parts in a silicone oil filled environment. In Phase 2, fluxes applied to copper coupons and to printed wiring boards underwent gentle cleaning then accelerated aging in air at 65% humidity and 30 O C. Both sets were aged for 4 weeks. Contaminants were no-clean (ORL0), water soluble (ORH1 liquid and ORH0 paste), and rosin (RMA; ROL0) fluxes. Defluxing agents were water, solvents, and engineered aqueous defluxers. In the first phase, coupons had flux applied and heated, then were placed in vials of oil with a small amount of cleaning agent and additional coupons. In the second phase, pairs of copper coupons and PWB were hand soldered by application of each flux, using tin-lead solder in a strip across the coupon or a set of test components on the PWB. One of each pair was cleaned in each cleaning agent, the first with a typical clean, and the second with a brief clean. Ionic contamination residue was measured before accelerated aging. After aging, substrates were removed and a visual record of coupon damage made, from which a subjective rank was applied for comparison between the various flux and defluxer combinations; more corrosion equated to higher rank. The ORH1 water soluble flux resulted in the highest ranking in both phases, the RMA flux the least. For the first phase, in which flux and defluxer remained on coupons, the aqueous defluxers led to worse corrosion. The vapor phase cleaning agents resulted in the highest ranking in the second phase, in which there was no physical cleaning. Further study of cleaning and rinsing parameters will be required.

  1. Solid Friction from stick-slip to pinning and aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tristan Baumberger; Christiane Caroli

    2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the present state of understanding of solid friction at low velocities and for systems with negligibly small wear effects. We first analyze in detail the behavior of friction at interfaces between wacroscopic hard rough solids, whose main dynamical features are well described by the Rice-Ruina rate and state dependent constitutive law. We show that it results from two combined effects : (i) the threshold rheology of nanometer-thick junctions jammed under confinement into a soft glassy structure (ii) geometric aging, i.e. slow growth of the real arrea of contact via asperity creep interrupted by sliding. Closer analysis leads to identifying a second aging-rejuvenation process, at work within the junctions themselves. We compare the effects of structural aging at such multicontact, very highly confined, interfaces with those met under different confinement levels, namely boundary lubricated contacts and extended adhesive interfaces involving soft materials (hydrogels, elastomers). This leads us to propose a classification of frictional junctions in terms of the relative importance of jamming and adsoprtion-induced metastability.

  2. Report on aging of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, D.J.; Oland, C.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Ellingwood, B.R. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Structural Aging Program provides the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission with potential structural safety issues and acceptance criteria for use in continued service assessments of nuclear power plant safety-related concrete structures. The program was organized under four task areas: Program Management, Materials Property Data Base, Structural Component Assessment/Repair Technology, and Quantitative Methodology for Continued Service Determinations. Under these tasks, over 90 papers and reports were prepared addressing pertinent aspects associated with aging management of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures. Contained in this report is a summary of program results in the form of information related to longevity of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures, a Structural Materials Information Center presenting data and information on the time variation of concrete materials under the influence of environmental stressors and aging factors, in-service inspection and condition assessments techniques, repair materials and methods, evaluation of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures, and a reliability-based methodology for current and future condition assessments. Recommendations for future activities are also provided. 308 refs., 61 figs., 50 tabs.

  3. 2012 ACCOMPLISHMENTS - TRITIUM AGING STUDIES ON STAINLESS STEELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgan, M.

    2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the research and development accomplishments during FY12 for the tritium effects on materials program. The tritium effects on materials program is designed to measure the long-term effects of tritium and its radioactive decay product, helium-3, on the structural properties of forged stainless steels which are used as the materials of construction for tritium reservoirs. The FY12 R&D accomplishments include: (1) Fabricated and Thermally-Charged 150 Forged Stainless Steel Samples with Tritium for Future Aging Studies; (2) Developed an Experimental Plan for Measuring Cracking Thresholds of Tritium-Charged-and-Aged Steels in High Pressure Hydrogen Gas; (3) Calculated Sample Tritium Contents For Laboratory Inventory Requirements and Environmental Release Estimates; (4) Published report on “Cracking Thresholds and Fracture Toughness Properties of Tritium-Charged-and-Aged Stainless Steels”; and, (5) Published report on “The Effects of Hydrogen, Tritium, and Heat Treatment on the Deformation and Fracture Toughness Properties of Stainless Steels”. These accomplishments are highlighted here and references given to additional reports for more detailed information.

  4. Aging and iodine loading of silver-functionalized aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruffey, S.H.; Jubin, R.T.; Anderson, K.K.; Walker, J.F. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, MS-6223, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineered silver-functionalized silica aerogels are being investigated for their potential application in off-gas treatment at a used nuclear fuel reprocessing facility. Reprocessing will release several key volatile radionuclides, including iodine-129. To achieve regulatory compliance, iodine-129 must be removed from any off-gas stream prior to environmental discharge. Ag{sup 0}-functionalized aerogels have been demonstrated to have high iodine-capture capacity, high porosity, and potential for conversion into a waste form. Capture materials used in off-gas treatment may be exposed to a heated, high-humidity, acidic gas stream for months. Extended exposure to this stream could affect sorbent performance. It was the aim of this study to evaluate what impacts might be observed when Ag{sup 0}-functionalized aerogels prepared at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory were contacted with a dry air stream for up to 6 months and then used to adsorb iodine from a synthetic off-gas stream. Results demonstrate that there is some loss of iodine-capture capacity caused by aging, but that this loss is not as marked as for aging of more traditional iodine sorbents, such as silver-impregnated mordenite. Specifically, aging silver-functionalized aerogel under a dry air stream for up to 6 months can decrease its iodine capacity from 41 wt% to 32 wt%. (authors)

  5. AGING AND IODINE LOADING OF SILVER-FUNCTIONALIZED AEROGELS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruffey, Stephanie H [ORNL; Jubin, Robert Thomas [ORNL; Anderson, Kaara K [ORNL; Walker Jr, Joseph Franklin [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineered silver-functionalized silica aerogels are being investigated for their application in off-gas treatment at a used nuclear fuel reprocessing facility. Reprocessing will release several key volatile radionuclides, including iodine-129. To achieve regulatory compliance, iodine-129 must be removed from any off-gas stream prior to environmental discharge. Silver-functionalized aerogels have been demonstrated to have high iodine capture capacity, high porosity and potential for conversion into a waste form. Capture materials used in off-gas treatment may be exposed to a heated, high humidity, acidic gas stream for months. Extended exposure to this stream could affect sorbent performance. It was the aim of this study to evaluate what impacts might be observed when Ag0-functionalized aerogels prepared at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory were contacted with a dry air stream for up to 6 months and then used to adsorb iodine from a synthetic off-gas stream. Results demonstrate that there is some loss of iodine capture capacity caused by aging, but that this loss is not as marked as for aging of more traditional iodine sorbents, such as silver-impregnated mordenite. Specifically, aging silver-functionalized aerogel under a dry air stream for up to 6 months can decrease its iodine capacity from 41wt% to 32wt%.

  6. Aging assessment of large electric motors in nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Villaran, M.; Subudhi, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large electric motors serve as the prime movers to drive high capacity pumps, fans, compressors, and generators in a variety of nuclear plant systems. This study examined the stressors that cause degradation and aging in large electric motors operating in various plant locations and environments. The operating history of these machines in nuclear plant service was studied by review and analysis of failure reports in the NPRDS and LER databases. This was supplemented by a review of motor designs, and their nuclear and balance of plant applications, in order to characterize the failure mechanisms that cause degradation, aging, and failure in large electric motors. A generic failure modes and effects analysis for large squirrel cage induction motors was performed to identify the degradation and aging mechanisms affecting various components of these large motors, the failure modes that result, and their effects upon the function of the motor. The effects of large motor failures upon the systems in which they are operating, and on the plant as a whole, were analyzed from failure reports in the databases. The effectiveness of the industry`s large motor maintenance programs was assessed based upon the failure reports in the databases and reviews of plant maintenance procedures and programs.

  7. New Technologies for Repairing Aging Cables in Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons, Kevin L.; Fifield, Leonard S.; Westman, Matthew P.

    2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to demonstrate a proof-of-concept for a technique to repair aging cables that have been subjected to degradation associated with long-term thermal and radiation exposure in nuclear power plants. The physical degradation of the aging cables manifests itself primarily as cracking and increased brittleness of the polymeric electrical insulation. Therefore, the proposed cable-repair concept comprises development of techniques to impart a softening agent within the deteriorated polymer insulation jacket so as to regain the ability of the insulation to stretch without failing and possibly to heal existing cracks in the insulation. Our approach is to use commercially available ethylene-propylene rubber (EPR) as the relevant test material, demonstrate the adsorption of chemical treatments in the EPR and quantify changes in resulting physical and mechanical properties. EPR cable samples have been thermally treated in air to produce specimens corresponding to the full range of cable age-performance points from new (>350% elongation at break) to end-of-life (<50% elongation at break). The current focus is on two chemical treatments selected as candidates for restoring age-related cable elasticity loss: a rubber plasticizer and a reactive silane molecule. EPR specimens of 200, 150, 100, and 50% elongation at break have been soaked in the candidate chemical treatments and the kinetics of chemical uptake, measured by change in mass of the samples, has been determined. Mechanical properties as a function of aging and chemical treatment have been measured including ultimate tensile strength, tensile modulus at 50% strain, elongation at break, and storage modulus. Dimensional changes with treatment and changes in glass transition temperature were also investigated. These ongoing experiments are expected to provide insight into the physical-chemical nature of the effect of thermal degradation on EPR rejuvenation limits and to advance novel methods for restoring the ability of degraded EPR to be compliant and resist fracture. The results of this research reveal that absorption of chemical treatments can lower the glass transition temperature and modulus of EPR. Chemical treatments pursued thus far have proven ineffective at restoring EPR strength and elongation at break. Future work will combine the plasticizer modalities found to successfully increase the volume of the EPR, reduce EPR glass transition temperature and reduce EPR modulus with promising chemistries that will repair the damage of the polymer, potentially using the plasticizer as a host for the new chemistry.

  8. On the use of age-specific effective dose coefficients in radiation protection of the public

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kocher, D.C.; Eckerman, K.F.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current radiation protection standards for the public include a limit on effective dose in any year for individuals in critical groups. This paper considers the question of how the annual dose limit should be applied in controlling routine exposures of populations consisting of individuals of all ages. The authors assume that the fundamental objective of radiation protection is limitation of lifetime risk and, therefore, that standards for controlling routine exposures of the public should provide a reasonable correspondence with lifetime risk, taking into account the age dependence of intakes and doses and the variety of radionuclides and exposure pathways of concern. Using new calculations of the per capita (population-averaged) risk of cancer mortality per unit activity inhaled or ingested in the US Environmental Protection Agency`s Federal Guidance Report No. 13, the authors show that applying a limit on annual effective dose only to adults, which was the usual practice in radiation protection of the public before the development of age-specific effective dose coefficients, provides a considerably better correspondence with lifetime risk than applying the annual dose limit to the critical group of any age.

  9. Impact of Pretreatment and Aging on the Iodine Capture Performance of Silver-Exchanged Mordenite - 12314

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jubin, R.T.; Ramey, D.W.; Spencer, B.B.; Anderson, K.K.; Robinson, S.M. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volatile gas emissions from a nuclear fuel recycle facility in the United States are governed by several key regulations, including 10 CFR 20, 40 CFR 61, and 40 CFR 190. Under 40 CFR 190, the total quantity of iodine that may be released to the environment from the entire fuel cycle is limited to 5 millicuries of I-129 per gigawatt-year of electrical energy produced by the fuel cycle. With a reasonable engineering margin, an iodine decontamination factor (DF) of approximately 1000 will be required for the complete fuel cycle. Off-gas treatment in a fuel reprocessing plant must address several gas streams containing iodine, among a number of volatile radionuclides. Past research and developmental activities identified silver-exchanged mordenite (AgZ) as a very promising sorbent based on its acid resistance, relatively high iodine and methyl iodide capacity, and high achievable DF. Recent studies at ORNL have focused on the impacts of long-term exposure to simulated off-gas streams (aging) and pretreatment on the iodine adsorption performance of hydrogen-reduced silver-exchanged mordenite (Ag{sup 0}Z). Experiments were conducted to determine the effects of long-term exposure to both dry and moist air on the iodine sorption capacity of Ag{sup 0}Z. The data indicates that aging reduces the capacity of Ag{sup 0}Z, which must be accounted for to prevent degradation of DF. Because of its high acid resistance, a AgZ sorbent has been selected specifically for application in treating off-gas streams containing iodine. While extensive tests have been conducted in the United States on a form of this sorbent, the specific material previously tested is no longer commercially available and similar materials are currently being evaluated. As part of this evaluation, tests were conducted to determine the iodine sorption properties of this replacement media and the effects of long-term (up to 6 months) exposure to simulated off-gas streams. The ultimate goal is to develop an understanding of the fundamental phenomena that controls aging for this material and other zeolites that could be considered for use in off-gas treatment in the future. The trends in the study results indicate that the amount of elemental silver observed by XRD increases from 0.3 wt% in vendor-supplied AgZ to approximately 5 wt% by reducing the material with hydrogen. The study also concluded that aging decreases the quantity of elemental silver in the material. After 2 months of aging, the Ag{sup 0} content of an experimental sample was reduced from 5 wt% to about 1.3 wt%. The form into which the elemental silver is converted during aging was not determined. Experimental tests have been initiated to study how aging of Ag{sup 0}Z impacts iodine loading on the zeolite. Loading tests with un-aged Ag{sup 0}Z resulted in an 81% silver utilization. The loading capacity of iodine on Ag{sup 0}Z was reduced with aging in dry air. Material aged for 6 months in dry air had a 40% reduction in iodine loading capacity. Under moist-air aging conditions, a significant decrease in the rate and total loading (?45% of theoretical) of iodine uptake can be observed beginning with the shortest aging period (i.e., after 1 month) when compared with the loading curve using Ag{sup 0}Z with no aging. Increasing exposure time to the humid air used to age the Ag{sup 0}Z beyond 1 month resulted in a slight additional reduction in capacity to about 35% of theoretical at 2 months. Virtually identical capacity was observed with 4 months of aging. Compared to the non-aged material, the 1 month dry-air aged Ag{sup 0}Z shows about a 35% reduction (approximate) in iodine loading capacity and the 6 month dry-air aged Ag{sup 0}Z shows about a 50% reduction. These studies generated several questions that will be addressed in future tests. They include the following: Is there indeed degradation over time (in storage) in the iodine adsorption performance of Ag{sup 0}Z? Once reduced, how should the Ag{sup 0}Z be stored- under a hydrogen atmosphere, an inert atmosphere, a desiccant, or some other method or c

  10. Aging of safety class 1E transformers in safety systems of nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roberts, E.W.; Edson, J.L.; Udy, A.C. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses aging effects on safety-related power transformers in nuclear power plants. It also evaluates maintenance, testing, and monitoring practices with respect to their effectiveness in detecting and mitigating the effects of aging. The study follows the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s (NRC`s) Nuclear Plant-Aging Research approach. It investigates the materials used in transformer construction, identifies stressors and aging mechanisms, presents operating and testing experience with aging effects, analyzes transformer failure events reported in various databases, and evaluates maintenance practices. Databases maintained by the nuclear industry were analyzed to evaluate the effects of aging on the operation of nuclear power plants.

  11. Structural aging program to assess the adequacy of critical concrete components in nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naus, D.J.; Marchbanks, M.F.; Oland, C.B.; Arndt, E.G.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Structural Aging (SAG) Program is carried out by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under sponsorship of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC). The Program has evolved from preliminary studies conducted to evaluate the long-term environmental challenges to light-water reactor safety-related concrete civil structures. An important conclusion of these studies was that a damage methodology, which can provide a quantitative measure of a concrete structure's durability with respect to potential future requirements, needs to be developed. Under the SAG Program, this issue is being addressed through: establishment of a structural materials information center, evaluation of structural component assessment and repair technologies, and development of a quantitative methodology for structural aging determinations. Progress to date of each of these activities is presented as well as future plans. 7 refs., 5 figs.

  12. Activities at the FAA aging aircraft NDI validation center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shurtleff, W.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aging Aircraft NDI Validation Center (AANC) was established by the FAA Technical Center (FAATC) at Sandia National Laboratories in August of 1991. The Validation Center supports the inspection portion of the FAA`s National Aging Aircraft Program which was mandated by Congress in the 1988 Aviation Safety Act. The ultimate customers of the AANC include the FAA, airframe and engine manufacturers, airlines, and third party maintenance facilities. One goal of the AANC is to provide independent validation of technologies intended to enhance the structural inspection of aging commuter and transport aircraft. Another goal is to assist in transferring emerging inspection technology from other parts of the FAA`s program to the aircraft industry. The deliverables from both these activities are an assessment of the reliability and cost benefits of an inspection technology as applied to a particular inspection or class of inspections. The validation process consists of a quantitative and systematic assessment of the reliability and cost/benefits on a Nondestructive Inspection (NDI) process. A NDI process is defined as the NDI systems and procedures used for inspections. This includes the NDI operator, inspection environment, and the object being inspected. The phases of the validation process are: 1. Conceptual, 2. Preliminary design, 3. Final design, and 4. Field implementation. The AAANC usually gets involved in the validation process during Phases 2 and 3. The Center supports field trials with a full array of test specimens and established procedures for conducting the trials. Phase 4 reliability includes field trials using independent inspectors either at the Center`s hangar or at outside maintenance facilities. Three activities are summarized below where inspection technology has been validated in the field. These are: (1) eddy current inspection reliability experiment; (2) magneto optic imager validation; and (3) inspection tool improvement.

  13. Ageing of a granular pile induced by thermal cycling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibaut Divoux; Ion Vassilief; Hervé Gayvallet; Jean-Christophe Géminard

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we show that variations of temperature, even of a few degrees in amplitude, induce the ageing of a granular pile. In particular, we report measurements of physical properties of a granular heap submitted to thermal cycles. Namely, we focus on the evolution of the thermal linear-expansion coefficient and of the thermal conductivity of the pile with the number of cycles. The present contribution nicely supplements a recent article we published elsewhere [Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{101}, 148303 (2008)] and introduces a different and promising method to impose temperature cycles to a granular pile.

  14. The Development of the Bronze Age Funerary Landscape of Nichoria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Michael J.

    2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    into the mound. While the mound itself was a focal point in the landscape, the burials within the mound be- came a hidden part of its matrix and lacked a vis- ible memento on its surface (although we should bear in mind the possible use of organic markers... tombs. At Tourkokivouro, the natural topography was probably accented by the creation of a small ar- tificial mound into which four of the Bronze Age tombs (and the later N1) were built. This arrange- ment is particularly reminiscent of other sites...

  15. AGE: a distributed environment for creating interactive animations of graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veatch, Timothy Richard

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Facility . 5. Aesthetics B. Enhancements . C. Summary REFERENCES 72 73 75 76 80 81 APPENDIX A: ACCESS TO AGE 86 APPENDIX B: SOURCE CODE SUMMARY 93 APPENDIX C: CLIENT PRIMITIVES 98 1. AGESOCKET CONNECT . 2. AGEJvlESSAGE READ. . . 3... to the object with the mouse and selecting one of the operations from the menu that pops-up. This method proves simple enough for beginners and is quick enough for experts. In order to be useful in many situations, a set of primitive graph operations has been...

  16. Lattice Percolation Approach to Numerical Modeling of Tissue Aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Privman, Vladimir; Libert, Sergiy

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a percolation-type approach to modeling of the processes of aging and certain other properties of tissues analyzed as systems consisting of interacting cells. Tissues are considered as structures made of regular healthy, senescent, dead (apoptotic) cells, and studied dynamically, with the ongoing processes including regular cell division to fill vacant sites left by dead cells, healthy cells becoming senescent or dying, and other processes. Statistical-mechanics description can provide patterns of time dependence and snapshots of morphological system properties. An illustrative application of the developed theoretical modeling approach is reported, confirming recent experimental findings that inhibition of senescence can lead to extended lifespan.

  17. Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9MorganYouofSolvingexplore2 Space and RemoteSpace-Age

  18. Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9MorganYouofSolvingexplore2 Space andSpace-Age Ceramics

  19. Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9MorganYouofSolvingexplore2 Space andSpace-Age

  20. Property:CapRockAge | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType Jump to: navigation, search This isCapRockAge Jump to:

  1. Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3Biology|Solar windMarchSpace-Age Ceramics Get

  2. Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3Biology|Solar windMarchSpace-Age Ceramics

  3. WHOLE-ROCK 87Sr/86Sr COMPOSITION AND APPARENT STRONTIUM ISOTOPIC AGE OF LIMESTONES FROM SITE 1118, WOODLARK RIFT BASIN, SOUTHWEST PACIFIC (OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Tony; Robertson, Alastair H F; Sharp, Timothy R; Trotter, Julie

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Limestone from Unit VI (857.1–859.15 meters below seafloor) collected at Site 1118 contains a planktonic foraminiferal fauna indicating a latest Miocene to early Pliocene age. Globorotalia tumida is recorded in Sample ...

  4. An Economic Assessment Of Uneven-Aged Forestry Based On The Modelling Of Forestry Operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrimpton, Nicole H

    In recent years, interest in uneven-aged forestry has been increasing in Britain, particularly for sensitive areas such as recreation and amenity forests. Literature on the economics of uneven-aged forestry is scarce and ...

  5. Memory, brain and aging: The good, the bad and the promising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ober, Beth A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the healthy aging brain. Neu- ropsychology 23(5):541–50.Development in the Adult Brain. New York, NY: Oxford Univinfluences on cognitive and brain plasticity during aging. J

  6. Effect of Thermal Aging on NO oxidation and NOx storage in a...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Thermal Aging on NO oxidation and NOx storage in a Fully-Formulated Lean NOx Trap Effect of Thermal Aging on NO oxidation and NOx storage in a Fully-Formulated Lean NOx Trap...

  7. Delamination Failures in Long-Term Field Aged PV Modules from...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Delamination Failures in Long-Term Field Aged PV Modules from Point of View of Encapsulant Delamination Failures in Long-Term Field Aged PV Modules from Point of View of...

  8. Effect of Aging Heat Treatments on Ni52Ti48 Shape Memory Alloy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akin, Erhan

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to increase transformation temperatures. Furnace-cooling and additional aging heat treatment results in the multi-stage martensitic transformation due to chemical and stress inhomogeneities in the microstructure. Aging of the controlled furnace-cooled material...

  9. The Influence of Self-Perceptions of Aging on Older Adults' Cognition and Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Matthew Lane

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    memory test; a control group received a vocabulary test. There was evidence that manipulating subjective age affected some cognitive performance, such that higher subjective age was correlated with lower performance. Furthermore, participants who felt...

  10. Cord blood versus age 5 mononuclear cell proliferation on IgE and asthma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mite IgE levels, wheeze, cough, eczema and asthma. Results:and report of wheeze, cough and physician diagnosis ofAge 2 Asthma 1 Wheeze 1 Cough 1 Eczema 1 Age 3 Asthma 1

  11. Does Age Effect Dual-tasking Ability? Data from Healthy Participants using a new Experimental Paradigm. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghazali, Zayba

    2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore age-related differences in dual-tasking. Previous studies report no age-effects in dual-tasking among healthy individuals in comparison to severe dual-tasking impairment in Alzheimer’s ...

  12. Protein Synthesis and Antioxidant Capacity in Aging Mice: Effects of Long-Term Voluntary Exercise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garland Jr., Theodore

    enzyme activities and fractional synthesis rate of protein (FSRP) were examined at various ages (2­26 mo. FSRP decreased with age and increased in muscle of young, but not old, activity-selected mice. Enzyme

  13. Exercise training regulation of extracellular matrix and remodeling in the aging rat heart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwak, Hyo Bum

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    in the aging heart. In contrast, exercise training not only improves cardiac function, but also reduces the risk of heart disease. However, the ability of exercise training to modulate ECM and remodeling in the aging heart remains unknown. Therefore...

  14. 9.110J / 7.92J Neurology, Neuropsychology, and Neurobiology of Aging, Spring 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corkin, Suzanne

    Lectures and discussions explore the clinical, behavioral, and molecular aspects of brain aging processes in humans. Topics include: loss of memory and other cognitive abilitites in normal aging; neurodegenerative conditions ...

  15. Bioinformatician position available Integrative Genomics of Ageing Group, University of Liverpool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bioinformatician position available Integrative Genomics of Ageing Group, University of Liverpool A bioinformatician position is available in the Integrative Genomics of Ageing Group at the University of Liverpool) systems biology, functional genomics, network analysis, and genome evolution. Applicants should have

  16. AGE AND GROWTH OF SKIPJACK TUNA, KATSUWONUS PELAMIS, AND YELLOWFIN TUNA, THUNNUS ALBACARES, AS INDICATED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (1971), Marcille and Stequert (1976a), and Diaz3 determined growth rate and estimated the age et al. (1969), Le Guen and Sakagawa (1973), and Marcille and Stequert (1976b) have estimated age

  17. POPULATION ECOLOGY -ORIGINAL PAPER The effects of sex, age and breeding success on breeding dispersal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    hypoleuca) around a point source of heavy metals (a copper smelter). We tested for the effects of sex, age copper smelter). We tested, at the indi- vidual level, for the effects of sex, age, breeding success

  18. Rapid Aging and Poisoning Protocols to AssessFuel and Lube Effects...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rapid Aging and Poisoning Protocols to AssessFuel and Lube Effects on Diesel Aftertreatment (Agreement 13415) Rapid Aging and Poisoning Protocols to AssessFuel and Lube Effects on...

  19. Virginie PRIVAS -BRAUT The Trinity of a new Age: Three struggling Women in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Virginie PRIVAS - BRÃ?AUTÃ? The Trinity of a new Age: Three struggling Women in Anne Devlin Trinity of a New Age. Ultimately, Ourselves Alone and After Easter can lead us to wonder whether God might

  20. A NEW VIEW OF VEGA'S COMPOSITION, MASS, AND AGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoon, Jinmi; Peterson, Deane M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Kurucz, Robert L. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Zagarello, Robert J., E-mail: jyoon@grad.physics.sunysb.ed, E-mail: dpeterson@astro.sunysb.ed, E-mail: rkurucz@cfa.harvard.ed, E-mail: rzagarello@mail.astro.sunysb.ed [PCPION, South Setauket, NY 11720-1325 (United States)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present estimates of Vega's composition, mass, and age based on a simultaneous fit of high-resolution metal line profiles, the wings of the Balmer lines, the absolute visible/near-IR fluxes, and high angular resolution triple phase data from the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer to gravity-darkened Roche models. This substantially expands our earlier analysis. We determine that Vega has a much lower mass, 2.135 +- 0.074 M{sub sun}, than generally assumed. This strongly supports the contention that Vega is metal-poor throughout (Z approx 0.008), suggesting it was formed that way. Assuming a uniform composition equal to that derived for the surface, and the luminosity and radius obtained here, we derive a best estimate of Vega's age, 455 +- 13 Myr, and mass, 2.157 +- 0.017 M{sub sun}, by fitting to standard isochrones. We continue to argue that Vega is much too old to be coeval with other members of the Castor moving group and is thus unlikely to be a member. The updated chemical abundances continue to support the conclusion that Vega is a lambda Boo star.

  1. Estimating the age of alleles by use of intraallelic variability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slatkin, M.; Rannala, B. [Univ of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is presented for estimating the age of an allele by use of its frequency and the extent of variation among different copies. The method uses the joint distribution of the number of copies in a population sample and the coalescence times of the intraallelic gene genealogy conditioned on the number of copies. The linear birth-death process is used to approximate the dynamics of a rare allele in a finite population. A maximum-likelihood estimate of the age of the allele is obtained by Monte Carlo integration over the coalescence times. The method is applied to two alleles at the cystic fibrosis (CFTR) locus, {Delta}F508 and G542X, for which intraallelic variability at three intronic microsatellite loci has been examined. Our results indicate that G542X is somewhat older than {Delta}F508. Although absolute estimates depend on the mutation rates at the microsatellite loci, our results support the hypothesis that {Delta}F508 arose <500 generations ({approx}10,000 years) ago. 32 refs., 4 figs.

  2. Moessbauer measurements of microstructural change in aged duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirihigashi, A.; Sakamoto, N.; Yamaoka, T. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Hyogo (Japan); Nasu, S. [Osaka Univ. (Japan)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A duplex stainless steel (ASME SA351 CF8M) has usually been manufactured by a continuous casting technique. It consists of a paramagnetic austenite phase and a ferromagnetic ferrite phase. It has been known that the ferrite phase decomposition occurs in this steel after aging between 300 and 450 C. As a result of phase decomposition, a Fe-rich phase and a Cr-rich phase are produced in the ferrite phase. It is difficult to detect the phase decomposition even by not only optical microscopy but also transmission electron microscopy, since the decomposed structure is very fine. However, Moessbauer measurements that can detect the magnetic hyperfine field of magnetic substance may detect the microstructural change. An averaged magnetic hyperfine field increases in the ferrite phase, due to the production of the Fe-rich phase which has high magnetic hyperfine field. Therefore, the authors investigated the phase decomposition of the duplex stainless steel caused by aging, utilization Moessbauer spectroscopy which has capability of detecting this structural change in the atomic level quantitatively. The authors also investigated the potential of backscattering Moessbauer method for NDE technique.

  3. Can 3D Shape of the Face Reveal your Age? Baiqiang Xia1,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    (appearance of wrinkles). The shape changes of faces continues from adulthood to old age. With the droops

  4. Behavioral/Systems/Cognitive Aging Affects Neural Precision of Speech Encoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; Hughes et al., 2010; Juarez- Salinas et al., 2010) of aging animals. Speech is temporally dynamic (Lied

  5. Miners and mining in the Late Bronze Age: a multidisciplinary study from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolussi, Kurt

    Research Miners and mining in the Late Bronze Age: a multidisciplinary study from Austria J the principal motors of Bronze Age society. The skills and risks of mining lie behind the weapons, tools. Keywords: Austria, Late Bronze Age, mining, environment, economy 1 Institute for Prehistory

  6. PII S0016-7037(98)00211-7 The young age of Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Youxue

    PII S0016-7037(98)00211-7 The young age of Earth YOUXUE ZHANG* Department of Geological Sciences form June 8, 1998) Abstract--Patterson (1956) established that the age of Earth is close, disagreement is abundant, and the young age of Earth has not been widely accepted. In this work, I examine all

  7. Worms need microbes too: microbiota, health and aging in Caenorhabditis elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gems, David

    *, David Gems Keywords: aging; C. elegans; metformin; microbiota; type-2 diabetes DOI 10.1002/emmm, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, autoimmune disorders, inflam- matory bowel disease, cancer and aging (Cho and type-2 diabetes, and perhaps aging. These morbidities have a profound impact in terms of individual

  8. ON THE LINEAR GROWTH OF THE SPLITANDMERGE SIMULATION TREE FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vázquez-Abad, Felisa J.

    ON THE LINEAR GROWTH OF THE SPLIT­AND­MERGE SIMULATION TREE FOR A MULTICOMPONENT AGE REPLACEMENT Functional estimation, split­and­merge tree, opti­ mization, maintenance models, age replacement poli­ cies Abstract We a consider a replacement policy based on age thresholds, for a multicomponent system. We want

  9. The Hon Julie Bishop MP Mrs Joanna Gash MP Minister for Ageing Member for Gilmore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Ping

    July 2005 JB114/05 Report highlights tech benefits for aged care New research released today the Australian Government's approach to encouraging the uptake of information technology in the aged care sector. Ms Bishop said the report, Capacity and Willingness of Residential Aged Care Workers to Use

  10. TCRS Retirees: Health Insurance Continuation Under Age 65 Eligibility and Service Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    regardless of age; age 55 with 10 years of service for early retirement. 2. To continue current health plan. Must meet requirements for TCRS retirement: Age 60 with 10 years of service or 30 years of service in insurance plan 3 years or more immediately prior to retirement b. Retirement benefits and insurance must

  11. A total of 377 peat age-depth relationships were used to quantify Holocene subsidence rates.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kulp, Mark

    A total of 377 peat age-depth relationships were used to quantify Holocene subsidence rates. Subsidence rates were calculated using peat ages calibrated to the sidereal time scale and burial depths a polynomial that relates the peat age to the position of sea-level at that time in the past. The "sea

  12. Material compatibility and thermal aging of thermoelectric materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardea, Andrew D.; Nishimoto, Ryan; Yang, Nancy Y. C.; Morales, Alfredo Martin; Whalen, Scott A.; Chames, Jeffrey M.; Clift, W. Miles

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to design a thermoelectric (TE) module suitable for long-term elevated temperature use, the Department 8651 has conducted parametric experiments to study material compatibility and thermal aging of TE materials. In addition, a comprehensive material characterization has been preformed to examine thermal stability of P- and N-based alloys and their interaction with interconnect diffusion barrier(s) and solder. At present, we have completed the 7-days aging experiments for 36 tiles, from ambient to 250 C. The thermal behavior of P- and N-based alloys and their thermal interaction with both Ni and Co diffusion barriers and Au-Sn solder were examined. The preliminary results show the microstructure, texture, alloy composition, and hardness of P-(Bi,Sb){sub 2}Te{sub 3} and N-Bi{sub 2}(Te,Se){sub 3} alloys are thermally stable up to 7 days annealing at 250 C. However, metallurgical reactions between the Ni-phosphor barriers and P-type base alloy were evident at temperatures {ge} 175 C. At 250 C, the depth (or distance) of the metallurgical reaction and/or Ni diffusion into P-(Bi,Sb){sub 2}Te{sub 3} is approximately 10-15 {micro}m. This thermal instability makes the Ni-phosphor barrier unsuitable for use at temperatures {ge} 175 C. The Co barrier appeared to be thermally stable and compatible with P(Bi,Sb){sub 2}Te{sub 3} at all annealing temperatures, with the exception of a minor Co diffusion into Au-Sn solder at {ge} 175 C. The effects of Co diffusion on long-term system reliability and/or the thermal stability of the Co barrier are yet to be determined. Te evaporation and its subsequent reaction with Au-Sn solder and Ni and Co barriers on the ends of the tiles at temperatures {ge} 175 C were evident. The Te loss and its effect on the long-term required stoichiometry of P-(Bi, Sb){sub 2}Te{sub 3} are yet to be understood. The aging experiments of 90 days and 180 days are ongoing and scheduled to be completed in 30 days and 150 days, respectively. Material characterization activities are continuing for the remaining tiles.

  13. Age-aware solder performance models : level 2 milestone completion.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neilsen, Michael K.; Vianco, Paul Thomas; Neidigk, Matthew Aaron; Holm, Elizabeth Ann

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Legislated requirements and industry standards are replacing eutectic lead-tin (Pb-Sn) solders with lead-free (Pb-free) solders in future component designs and in replacements and retrofits. Since Pb-free solders have not yet seen service for long periods, their long-term behavior is poorly characterized. Because understanding the reliability of Pb-free solders is critical to supporting the next generation of circuit board designs, it is imperative that we develop, validate and exercise a solder lifetime model that can capture the thermomechanical response of Pb-free solder joints in stockpile components. To this end, an ASC Level 2 milestone was identified for fiscal year 2010: Milestone 3605: Utilize experimentally validated constitutive model for lead-free solder to simulate aging and reliability of solder joints in stockpile components. This report documents the completion of this milestone, including evidence that the milestone completion criteria were met and a summary of the milestone Program Review.

  14. Ice Age Epochs and the Sun's Path Through the Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. R. Gies; J. W. Helsel

    2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a calculation of the Sun's motion through the Milky Way Galaxy over the last 500 million years. The integration is based upon estimates of the Sun's current position and speed from measurements with Hipparcos and upon a realistic model for the Galactic gravitational potential. We estimate the times of the Sun's past spiral arm crossings for a range in assumed values of the spiral pattern angular speed. We find that for a difference between the mean solar and pattern speed of Omega_Sun - Omega_p = 11.9 +/- 0.7 km/s/kpc the Sun has traversed four spiral arms at times that appear to correspond well with long duration cold periods on Earth. This supports the idea that extended exposure to the higher cosmic ray flux associated with spiral arms can lead to increased cloud cover and long ice age epochs on Earth.

  15. Accelerated aging studies and environmental stability of prototype tamper tapes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, B.W.; Wright, C.W. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Bunk, A.R. [Battelle Columbus Lab., OH (United States)] [and others

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the results of accelerated aging experiments (weathering) conducted on prototype tamper tapes bonded to a variety of surface materials. The prototype tamper tapes were based on the patented Confirm{reg_sign} tamper-indicating technology developed and produced by 3M Company. Tamper tapes bonded to surfaces using pressure sensitive adhesive (PSA) and four rapid-set adhesives were evaluated. The configurations of the PSA-bonded tamper tapes were 1.27-cm-wide Confirm{reg_sign} 1700 windows with vinyl underlay and 2.54-cm-wide Confirm{reg_sign} 1700 windows with vinyl and polyester underlays. The configurations of the rapid-set adhesive-bonded tamper tapes were 2.54-cm-wide Confirm{reg_sign} (1700, 1500 with and without primer, and 1300) windows with vinyl underlay. Surfaces used for bonding included aluminum, steel, stainless steel, Kevlar{reg_sign}, brass, copper, fiberglass/resin with and without gel coat, polyurethane-painted steel, acrylonitrile:butadiene:styrene plastic, polyester fiberglass board, Lexan polycarbonate, and cedar wood. Weathering conditions included a QUV cabinet (ultraviolet light at 60{degrees}C, condensing humidity at 40{degrees}C), a thermal cycling cabinet (-18{degrees}C to 46{degrees}C), a Weather-O-Meter (Xenon lamp), and exposure outdoors in Daytona Beach, Florida. Environmental aging exposures lasted from 7 weeks to 5 months. After exposure, the tamper tapes were visually examined and tested for transfer resistance. Tamper tapes were also exposed to a variety of chemical liquids (including organic solvents, acids, bases, and oxidizing liquids) to determine chemical resistance and to sand to determine abrasion resistance.

  16. Prostate Brachytherapy in Men {>=}75 Years of Age

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merrick, Gregory S. [Schiffler Cancer Center and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States)], E-mail: gmerrick@urologicresearchinstitute.org; Wallner, Kent E. [Puget Sound Healthcare Corporation, Group Health Cooperative, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Galbreath, Robert W. [Schiffler Cancer Center and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States); Ohio University Eastern, St. Clairsville, OH (United States); Butler, Wayne M.; Brammer, Sarah G.; Allen, Zachariah A. [Schiffler Cancer Center and Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States); Adamovich, Edward [Department of Pathology, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, WV (United States)

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate cause-specific survival (CSS), biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS), and overall survival (OS) in prostate cancer patients aged {>=}75 years undergoing brachytherapy with or without supplemental therapies. Methods and Materials: Between April 1995 and August 2004, 145 consecutive patients aged {>=}75 years underwent permanent prostate brachytherapy. Median follow-up was 5.8 years. Biochemical progression-free survival was defined by a prostate-specific antigen level {<=}0.40 ng/mL after nadir. Patients with metastatic prostate cancer or hormone-refractory disease without obvious metastases who died of any cause were classified as dead of prostate cancer. All other deaths were attributed to the immediate cause of death. Multiple clinical, treatment, and dosimetric parameters were evaluated for impact on survival. Results: Nine-year CSS, bPFS, and OS rates for the entire cohort were 99.3%, 97.1%, and 64.5%, respectively. None of the evaluated parameters predicted for CSS, whereas bPFS was most closely predicted by percentage positive biopsies. Overall survival and non-cancer deaths were best predicted by tobacco status. Thirty-seven patients have died, with 83.8% of the deaths due to cardiovascular disease (22 patients) or second malignancies (9 patients). To date, only 1 patient (0.7%) has died of metastatic prostate cancer. Conclusions: After brachytherapy, high rates of CSS and bPFS are noted in elderly prostate cancer patients. Overall, approximately 65% of patients are alive at 9 years, with survival most closely related to tobacco status. We believe our results support an aggressive locoregional approach in appropriately selected elderly patients.

  17. Decomposition mechanisms in thermally-aged thin-film explosives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, K.L.; Trott, W.M.; Renlund, A.M.

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The isothermal decomposition of nitrocellulose (NC) has been examined using two substantially different experimental techniques, involving both confined and unconfined samples. The confined isothermal aging technique involved confined thin-film samples heated to temperatures of 150 to 170{degrees}C, for 1 to 72 hours. Condensed-phase chemistry was monitored real-time using FTIR. Results indicated that the first step in decomposition was scission of the O-NO{sub 2} bond and subsequent formation of carbonyl and hydroxyl products. Scission of the O-NO{sub 2} bond appeared to occur by a first-order reaction. The Arrhenius expression for the first-order reaction rate constant was evaluated from the experimental data. The unconfined rapid isothermal decomposition technique involved both high speed-photography and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOFMS). Mass spectra obtained from experiments at 420{degrees}C indicated that NO{sub 2} formation and, therefore, scission of the O-NO{sub 2} bond occurred by a first order reaction, the rate constant for which was evaluated from the experimental data. The rate constant for global pseudo-first order decomposition of NC at 450{degrees}C was also estimated from high speed photography results. Rate constants at 420 and 450{degrees}C were predicted using the Arrhenius expression developed from the confined isothermal aging results and were in good agreement with the rate constants obtained at those temperatures in the unconfined rapid decomposition experiments using TOFMS and high-speed photography. Results from these substantially different measurements gave consistent results over a temperature range of about 300{degrees}C, in which reaction rates vary by nine orders of magnitude, and indicate that the two experimental techniques being developed have good potential for studying condensed-phase decomposition of energetic materials.

  18. Asphalt Pavement Aging and TemperatureAsphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties using a FunctionallyDependent Properties using a Functionally

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulino, Glaucio H.

    Asphalt Pavement Aging and TemperatureAsphalt Pavement Aging and Temperature Dependent Properties Analysis Time Integration Analysis Application Examples: Asphalt Pavement Summary and Conclusions #12) ­ Large fraction produced as hot-mix asphalt (HMA) ­ Most common form of pavement surfacing material (96

  19. Fuel age impacts on gaseous fission product capture during separations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jubin, Robert T.; Soelberg, Nicolas R.; Strachan, Denis M.; Ilas, G.

    2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of fuel reprocessing, volatile radionuclides will be released from the facility stack if no processes are put in place to remove them. The radionuclides that are of concern in this document are 3H, 14C, 85Kr, and 129 Rosnick 2007 I. The question we attempt to answer is how efficient must this removal process be for each of these radionuclides? To answer this question, we examine the three regulations that may impact the degree to which these radionuclides must be reduced before process gases can be released from the facility. These regulations are 40 CFR 61 (EPA 2010a), 40 CFR 190(EPA 2010b), and 10 CFR 20 (NRC 2012), and they apply to the total radonuclide release and to the dose to a particular organ – the thyroid. Because these doses can be divided amongst all the radionuclides in different ways and even within the four radionuclides in question, several cases are studied. These cases consider for the four analyzed radionuclides inventories produced for three fuel types—pressurized water reactor uranium oxide (PWR UOX), pressurized water reactor mixed oxide (PWR MOX), and advanced high-temperature gascooled reactor (AHTGR)—several burnup values and time out of reactor extending to 200 y. Doses to the maximum exposed individual (MEI) are calculated with the EPA code CAP-88 ( , 1992). Two dose cases are considered. The first case, perhaps unrealistic, assumes that all of the allowable dose is assigned to the volatile radionuclides. In lieu of this, for the second case a value of 10% of the allowable dose is arbitrarily selected to be assigned to the volatile radionuclides. The required decontamination factors (DFs) are calculated for both of these cases, including the case for the thyroid dose for which 14C and 129I are the main contributors. However, for completeness, for one fuel type and burnup, additional cases are provided, allowing 25% and 50% of the allowable dose to be assigned to the volatile radionuclides. Because 3H and 85Kr have relatively short half-lives, 12.3 y and 10.7 y, respectively, the dose decreases with the time from when the fuel is removed from the reactor to the time it is processed (herein “fuel age”). One possible strategy for limiting the discharges of these short halflife radionuclides is to allow the fuel to age to take advantage of radioactive decay. Therefore, the doses and required DFs are calculated as a function of fuel age. Here we calculate, given the above constraints and assumptions, the minimum ages for each fuel type that would not require additional effluent controls for the shorter half-life volatile radionuclides based on dose considerations. With respect to 129I doses, we find that the highest dose is calculated with iodine as a fine particulate. The dose scales as the fraction of the total 129I that is particulate. Therefore, we assume for all of our calculations that 100% of the 129I is particulate and allow the user of the results given here to scale our calculated doses to their needs. To summarize the data given in the body and appendices of this report, we find that the principal isotopes of concern are 3H and 129I, the latter requiring the highest DFs. The maximum DF value for 129I is 8000 for the illustrated cases. The required DF for 3H could be as high as 720, depending on the age of the fuel processed. The DF for 85Kr could be up to ~60, depending on fuel age. The DF for 14C is in many cases 1 (no treatment required) but could be as high as 30. The DFs required are within the range of DFs that are reported for the capture technologies that are available for the volatile radionuclides. Achieving the required 129I and 3H DFs is more challenging. Variations in stack design and other design factors may also significantly impact the DF requirements.

  20. advanced maternal age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    abuse. Forty-three non Maestripieri, Dario 98 RESEARCH Open Access Choice in maternity care: associations with unit Physics Websites Summary: women's choice of maternity unit. We...

  1. Age-associated impaired plasmacytoid dendritic cell functions lead to decreased CD4 and CD8 T cell immunity.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    plasmacytoid dendritic cell (PDC) function because they areof the antigen- presenting capacity of aged PDC withyoung PDC revealed that PDCs from aged subjects display

  2. PREDICTING GLOBAL MEASURES OF DEVELOPMENT AT 18-MONTHS OF AGE FROM SPECIFIC MEASURES OF COGNITIVE ABILITY AT 10-MONTHS OF AGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmeidler, Tasha Diane

    2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    on tasks that are presumably EF- related during infancy, there is a noticeable gap in the EF research for children between the ages of one- and three-years; this is especially true between the ages of one and two years. McGuigan and Nunez (2006) related... the development of EF within this age group, McGuigan and Nunez (2006) used a modified version of the detour reaching task. In the infant version of this task, a desired object is placed in a transparent box within the infants reach; however, the closed side...

  3. On the Lengths, Colours and Ages of Bars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Combes; J. Palous; Dimitri A. Gadotti; Ronaldo E. De Souza

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract. In an effort to obtain further observational evidences for secular evolution processes in galaxies, as well as observational constraints to current theoretical models of secular evolution, we have used BVRI and Ks images of a sample of 18 barred galaxies to measure the lengths and colours of bars, create colour maps and estimate global colour gradients. In addition, applying a method we developed in a previous article, we could distinguish for 7 galaxies in our sample those whose bars have been recently formed from the ones with already evolved bars. We estimated an average difference in the optical colours between young and evolved bars that may be translated to an age difference of the order of 10 Gyr, meaning that bars may be long standing structures. Moreover, our results show that, on average, evolved bars are longer than young bars. This seems to indicate that, during its evolution, a bar grows longer by capturing stars from the disk, in agreement with recent numerical and analytical results.

  4. Oxide Film Aging on Alloy 22 in Halide Containing Solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, Martin A.; Carranza, Ricardo M. [Dept. Materiales, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. Gral. Paz 1499, Villa Maipu, 1650 (Argentina); Rebak, Raul B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave, L-631, Livermore, CA, 94550-9698 (United States)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Passive and corrosion behaviors of Alloy 22 in chloride and fluoride containing solutions, changing the heat treatment of the alloy, the halide concentration and the pH of the solutions at 90 deg. C, was investigated. The study was implemented using electrochemical techniques, which included open circuit potential monitoring over time, potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements carried out at open circuit and at passivity potentials. Corrosion rates obtained by EIS measurements after 24 h immersion in naturally aerated solutions were below 0.5 {mu}m/year. The corrosion rates were practically independent of solution pH, alloy heat treatment and halide ion nature and concentration. EIS low frequency resistance values increased with applied potential in the passive domain and with polarization time in pH 6 - 1 M NaCl at 90 deg. C. This effect was attributed to an increase in the oxide film thickness and oxide film aging. High frequency capacitance measurements indicated that passive oxide on Alloy 22 presented a double n-type/p-type semiconductor behavior in the passive potential range. (authors)

  5. No stellar age gradient inside supergiant shell LMC 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jochen M. Braun; Dominik J. Bomans; Jean-Marie Will; Klaas S. de Boer

    1997-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The youngest stellar populations of a 'J'-shaped region (400 pc strip E-W across LH 77 and 850 pc S-N) inside the supergiant shell (SGS) LMC 4 (with a diameter of 1.4 kpc) have been analysed with CCD photometry in B,V passbands. Isochrone fitting to the colour-magnitude diagrams yields ages in the range from 9 Myr to 16 Myr without correlation with the distance to the LMC 4 centre. We construct the luminosity function and the mass function of five regions to ensure that projection effects don't mask the results. The slopes lie in the expected range (gamma in [0.22;0.41] and Gamma in [-1.3;-2.4] respectively, with the Salpeter value of Gamma = -1.35). After our calculations a total of 5-7 10^3 supernovae has dumped the energy of 10^54.5 erg over the past 10 Myr into LMC 4, in fact enough to tear the original star-forming cloud apart in the time span between 5 and 8 Myr after the starformation burst, initiated by a large scale triggering event. We conclude that LMC 4 can have been formed without a contribution from stochastic self-propagating star formation (SSPSF).

  6. Aging and Fracture of Human Cortical Bone and Tooth Dentin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ager, Joel; Koester, Kurt J.; Ager III, Joel W.; Ritchie, Robert O.

    2008-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Mineralized tissues, such as bone and tooth dentin, serve as structural materials in the human body and, as such, have evolved to resist fracture. In assessing their quantitative fracture resistance or toughness, it is important to distinguish between intrinsic toughening mechanisms which function ahead of the crack tip, such as plasticity in metals, and extrinsic mechanisms which function primarily behind the tip, such as crack bridging in ceramics. Bone and dentin derive their resistance to fracture principally from extrinsic toughening mechanisms which have their origins in the hierarchical microstructure of these mineralized tissues. Experimentally, quantification of these toughening mechanisms requires a crack-growth resistance approach, which can be achieved by measuring the crack-driving force, e.g., the stress intensity, as a function of crack extension ("R-curve approach"). Here this methodology is used to study of the effect of aging on the fracture properties of human cortical bone and human dentin in order to discern the microstructural origins of toughness in these materials.

  7. Ferrocyanide safety project ferrocyanide aging studies. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lilga, M.A.; Hallen, R.T.; Alderson, E.V. [and others

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This final report gives the results of the work conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) from FY 1992 to FY 1996 on the Ferrocyanide Aging Studies, part of the Ferrocyanide Safety Project. The Ferrocyanide Safety Project was initiated as a result of concern raised about the safe storage of ferrocyanide waste intermixed with oxidants, such as nitrate and nitrite salts, in Hanford Site single-shell tanks (SSTs). In the laboratory, such mixtures can be made to undergo uncontrolled or explosive reactions by heating dry reagents to over 200{degrees}C. In 1987, an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), published by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Final Environmental Impact Statement, Disposal of Hanford Defense High-Level Transuranic and Tank Waste, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington, included an environmental impact analysis of potential explosions involving ferrocyanide-nitrate mixtures. The EIS postulated that an explosion could occur during mechanical retrieval of saltcake or sludge from a ferrocyanide waste tank, and concluded that this worst-case accident could create enough energy to release radioactive material to the atmosphere through ventilation openings, exposing persons offsite to a short-term radiation dose of approximately 200 mrem. Later, in a separate study (1990), the General Accounting Office postulated a worst-case accident of one to two orders of magnitude greater than that postulated in the DOE EIS. The uncertainties regarding the safety envelope of the Hanford Site ferrocyanide waste tanks led to the declaration of the Ferrocyanide Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) in October 1990.

  8. Aging management of nuclear power plant containments for license renewal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, W.C.; Kuo, P.T.; Lee, S.S.

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1990, the Nuclear Management and Resources Council (NUMARC), now the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI), submitted for NRC review, the industry reports (IRs), NUMARC Report 90-01 and NUMARC Report 90-10, addressing aging management issues associated with PWR containments and BWR containments for license renewal, respectively. In 1996, the Commission amended 10 CFR 50.55a to promulgate requirements for inservice inspection of containment structures. This rule amendment incorporates by reference the 1992 Edition with the 1992 Addenda of Subsections IWE and IWL of the ASME Code addressing the inservice inspection of metal containments/liners and concrete containments, respectively. The purpose of this report is to reconcile the technical information and agreements resulting from the NUMARC IR reviews which are generally described in NUREG-1557 and the inservice inspection requirements of subsections IWE and IWL as promulgated in {section}50.55a for license renewal consideration. This report concludes that Subsections IWE and IWL as endorsed in {section}50.55a are generally consistent with the technical agreements reached during the IR reviews. Specific exceptions are identified and additional evaluations and augmented inspections for renewal are recommended.

  9. Protection of rubbers against aging with the use of structural, diffusion and kinetic effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kablov, V. F., E-mail: kablov@volpi.ru [Volzhsky Polytechnical Institute (branch) Volgograd State Technical University, 42a Engelsa Street, 404121, Volzhsky, Volgograd Region (Russian Federation); Zaikov, G. E., E-mail: chembio@sky.chph.ras.ru [N.M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii prospect 64-188, 119296, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Processes of rubber aging in the different kinetic modes and mathematical models of the processes including aging and destruction processes under extreme conditions have been studied. The aging process for rubbers as thermodynamically open nonlinear systems has also been considered in the paper. It has been revealed that the aging process can be controlled by the internal physical-chemical processes organization and by creation of external influences (by organization of thermodynamic forces and flows). According to the Onsager principle, in certain conditions of aging the conjugation of thermodynamic forces and flows is possible. The diffusion and structural aspects of aging in elastomeric rubbers and articles thereof have been considered. The composite antiaging systems of prolonged action based on the use of microparticles with a saturated solution of the antiagers migrating into an elastomeric matrix at the exploitation have been proposed.

  10. Aging of Class 1E batteries in safety systems of nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edson, J.L.; Hardin, J.E.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a study of aging effects on safety-related batteries in nuclear power plants. The purpose is to evaluate the aging effects caused by operation within a nuclear facility and to evaluate maintenance, testing, and monitoring practices with respect to their effectiveness in detecting and mitigating the effects of aging. The study follows the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC's) Nuclear Plant-Aging Research approach and investigates the materials used in battery construction, identifies stressors and aging mechanisms, presents operating and testing experience with aging effects, analyzes battery-failure events reported in various data bases, and evaluates recommended maintenance practices. Data bases that were analyzed included the NRC's Licensee Event Report system, the Institute for Nuclear Power Operations' Nuclear Plant Reliability Data System, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's In-Plant Reliability Data System, and The S.M. Stoller Corporation's Nuclear Power Experience data base.

  11. Impact of aging on asphalt pavement performance, ductility and DSR measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Azri, Nasser Ahmed

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 111-6 The Eslimated Ductility Values of Texas, SH 21 Cores. . . . . . 41 111-7 Field and Lab-aged Exxon AC-20 Hardening Rate. . . . . . . . 43 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page G' versus tI'/G' at (15 'C and 0. 005 rad/s) (Ruan, 2002). . . , 12... Susceptibility of Exxon AC-20 Obtained for Lab- and Field-Aged Binder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 The G' Versus tI*/G' of Lab- and Field-Aged Fxxon AC-20...

  12. A Review of "Humanism in an Age of Science: The Amsterdam Athenaeum in the Golden Age, 1632-1704" by Dirk van Miert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Joseph M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    study by agreeing with Anthony Grafton?s observation that, ?Humanism lived, deep into the age of science,? an insight evidenced buy the experience of the Amsterdam Athenaeum. Clear, graceful and thorough, this is a distinguished and rewarding contribu...

  13. On the Increasing Fragility of Human Teeth with Age: A Deep-Ultraviolet Resonance Raman Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    respect to age and osteoporosis. Bone 19:479-484. Zioupos P,L. J. Melton, editors Osteoporosis: Etiology, Diagnosis, andmetabolic diseases such as osteoporosis; however, the Page

  14. Distribution of terrestrial age and petrologic type of meteorites from western Libya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jull, A.J.T.; Donahue, D.J. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (USA)); Wlotzka, F.; Palme, H. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemie, Mainz (West Germany))

    1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A group of 54 meteorites have been recovered from Daraj, Western Libya. After assessment of pairing of samples, using petrologic criteria, {sup 14}C terrestrial ages were obtained on 13 samples selected from 9 different fall events. Eleven of the ages range from 3,500 to 7,600 years, with only two samples having ages in excess of 10,000 years. The cut-off in ages may be related to the timing of climatic changes in the Hammadah al Hamra.

  15. andropausal middle-aged men: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    globulin (alternatively known as a binding protein) (SHBG), prolactin (PRL), estrone (E 1), and cortisol (CRT). Age was measured in years. Adjusted analyses added...

  16. Aging Enhances the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species andBactericid...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Enhances the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species andBactericidal Activity in Peritoneal Macrophages by Aging Enhances the Production of Reactive Oxygen Species andBactericidal...

  17. age-dependent weight gain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    even under physiological conditions (Moulton et Elke Weiler; Albert I. Farbman 1997-01-01 29 From CIE 2006 physiological model to improved age-dependent and Computer...

  18. adults aged 18-64: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The "Aging in Place" project strives to delay taking that first step away from the family home. Through the careful placement of technological support we believe older...

  19. Condensed-phase decomposition in thermally-aged explosives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Erickson, K.L.; Trott, W.M.; Renlund, A.M.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In previous work, the isothermal decomposition of nitrocellulose (NC) was examined using two substantially different experimental techniques that are being developed to investigate condensed-phase chemistry occurring during the thermal decomposition of a variety of explosives. The confined isothermal aging technique involved confined thin-film samples heated to temperatures of 150 to 170{degrees}C, for 1 to 72 hours. Condensed-phase chemistry was monitored real-time using FTIR. Results indicated that the first step in decomposition was scission of the O-NO{sub 2} bond and subsequent formation of carbonyl and hydroxyl products. Scission of the O-NO{sub 2} bond appeared to occur by a first-order reaction. Additional unconfined rapid isothermal decomposition experiments with NC have been completed and are described in this paper. Those additional experiments extended the previous work and investigated the effect of varying film thickness (from about 0.2 to 0.6 microns), varying temperature (from about 420 to 640{degrees}C), and using {sup 15}NO{sub 2}-labled NC. The results indicated that decomposition of NC appears to involve at least two principal mechanisms: (1) O-NO{sub 2} bond scission, which is accompanied by carbonyl or hydroxyl formation, and (2) polymer fragmentation. These two mechanisms occur simultaneously. At temperatures of 170{degrees}C, or lower, polymer fragmentation appears negligible, but at temperatures of 420{degrees}C, or higher, polymer fragmentation is appreciable and occurs at rates comparable to those for O-NO{sub 2} bond scission. While polymer fragmentation may be associated with O-NO{sub 2} bond scission, at higher temperatures, additional steps must be involved in the fragmentation mechanism. At each end of the temperatures range from about 150 to 420{degrees}C, the rate of O-NO{sub 2} bond scission appears reasonably consistent with a mechanism dominated by a first-order decomposition step.

  20. Environments of powerful radio galaxies through the cosmic ages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julie-Ann Goodlet

    2006-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    I define 3 samples of extragalactic radio sources of type FRII, containing 26 objects in total. The control sample consists of 6C and 7C sources with radio-luminosities of around 10E27 W\\Hz at 151 MHz and z~1. The other samples contain 3CRR sources with either comparable redshifts but radio luminosities about a decade larger or with comparable radio-luminosities but redshifts around z~0.4. These samples are used to investigate the possible evolution of depolarisation and rotation measure properties with redshift and radio luminosity independently. I use the \\citet{kat97} model with 3 flux measurements to estimate the density of the source environment, source age and jet power. Depolarisation and variations in the rotation measure were found to be insensitive to changes in the density of the source environment. This indicates that depolarisation and variations in the rotation measure are not density indicators but map how the disorder in the magnetic field changes with redshift. The model is then used on a larger set of FRII sources taken from the complete 3CRR, 6CE and 7C III samples. I find that the density of the source environment is a strong function of the source radio-luminosity but is insensitive to changes in redshift. The jet power is also a strong function of radio-luminosity but also a weak function of redshift. This indicates that the mass of the black-hole powering FRII sources is epoch dependent. In general, I find that the source environment is dominated by changes in the radio-luminosity but is relatively unaffected by changes in cosmic epoch.

  1. Semi-Annual Report on Work Supporting the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond, Leonard J.; Brenchley, David L.

    2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    During the first six months of this project, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has provided planning and leadership support for the establishment of the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM). This entailed facilitating the efforts of the Global Steering Committee to prepare the charter, operating guidelines, and other documents for IFRAM. It also included making plans for the Inaugural meeting and facilitating its success. This meeting was held on August 4 5, 2011, in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Representatives from Asia, Europe, and the United States met to share information on reactor aging management and to make plans for the future. Professor Tetsuo Shoji was elected chairperson of the Leadership Council. This kick-off event transformed the dream of an international forum into a reality. On August 4-5, 2011, IFRAM began to achieve its mission. The work completed successfully during this period was built upon important previous efforts. This included the development of a proposal for establishing IFRAM and engaging experts in Asia and Europe. The proposal was presented at Engagement workshops in Seoul, Korea (October 2009) and Petten, The Netherlands (May 2010). Participants in both groups demonstrated strong interest in the establishment of IFRAM. Therefore, the Global Steering Committee was formed to plan and carry out the start-up of IFRAM in 2011. This report builds on the initial activities and documents the results of activities over the last six months.

  2. ancylus lake age: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    North Entrance of the University's Lake Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United Pilyugin, Sergei S. 46 Mirror Lake...

  3. ageing perspective state: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nations. The conventional wisdom ... Flores-Macas, Francisco Jos 2010-01-01 75 Brownfield financing in the United States : from social benefit-cost perspective MIT - DSpace...

  4. age diet composition: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of anthropogenic climatic change on conifer forests of the Pacific Northwestern United States. Steady-state simulations suggested that forest zones could be shifted on the...

  5. Aging behavior of polymeric solar absorber materials - Part 1: Engineering plastics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahlen, S. [Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH, Roseggerstrasse 12, Leoben 8700 (Austria); Wallner, G.M.; Lang, R.W. [Institute for Polymeric Materials and Testing, University of Linz, Altenbergerstrasse 69, Linz 4040 (Austria)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this series of two papers, various polymeric materials are investigated as to their potential applicability as absorber materials for solar thermal collectors. The focus of the investigation is to study the aging behavior of these materials under maximum operating conditions (80 C in water up to 16,000 h) and stagnation conditions (140 C in air up to 500 h) typical for northern climate. The materials supplied or produced as polymer films were first characterized in the unaged state and then for different states of aging by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and by mechanical tensile tests. Physical aging phenomena were studied by DSC, SEC analysis provided information on chemical degradation of the materials. In addition, physical and chemical aging were both analyzed via the small and large strain mechanical behavior. While the present Part 1 of this paper series deals with the aging behavior of engineering plastics, including two amorphous polymers (a polyphenylene ether polystyrene blend (PPE + PS) and polycarbonate (PC)) and two semi-crystalline polymers (two types of polyamide 12 (PA12)), the aging behavior of so-called ''commodity'' plastics (PE and PP) is the subject of Part 2. Comparing the two aging conditions, the amorphous materials (PPE + PS and PC) turned out to be more prone to physical and chemical aging at 140 C in air. In contrast, the semi-crystalline PA12 materials were more strongly affected by exposure to water at 80 C, although to different degrees, depending on the modification. (author)

  6. A Study of the Key Variables Affecting Bus Replacement Age Decisions and1 Total Costs2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    A Study of the Key Variables Affecting Bus Replacement Age Decisions and1 Total Costs2 3 Jesse operational3 and maintenance (O&M) per-mile costs increase as buses age. From a purely economic4 perspective, there is a cost tradeoff between the lower O&M costs of newer fleets and their5 higher initial capital costs

  7. Effects of creatine loading on electromyographic fatigue threshold during cycle ergometry in college-aged women

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Abbie E.; Walter, Ashley A.; Herda, Trent J.; Ryan, Eric D.; Moon, Jordan R.; Cramer, Joel T.; Stout, Jeffrey R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 5 days of Creatine (Cr) loading on the electromyographic fatigue threshold (EMGFT) in college-aged women. Fifteen healthy college-aged women (mean ± SD = 22.3 ± 1.7 yrs) volunteered...

  8. A depth-derived Pleistocene age model: Uncertainty estimates, sedimentation variability, and nonlinear climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huybers, Peter

    Geology and Geophysics: Geomagnetism (1550); 3220 Mathematical Geophysics: Nonlinear dynamics; 4267 of ages to measurements and events recorded in marine and ice cores as well as to a variety of isolated. [3] The currently favored method for estimating Pleisto- cene age is orbital tuning [e.g., Imbrie et

  9. Guang Ye, Characterization of cement paste at early age, 1 of 11 Fax: +31 15 2785895

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guang Ye, Characterization of cement paste at early age, 1 of 11 Fax: +31 15 2785895 E-mail: ye.guang@ct.tudelft.nl A MICROMECHANIC MODEL FOR CHARACTERIZATION OF CEMENT PASTE AT EARLY AGE VALIDATED WITH EXPERIMENTS Guang Ye Delft of a cement-based material, i.e. the stiffness of cement paste, is the result of the continuous change

  10. Tropospheric SF6: Age of air from the Northern Hemisphere midlatitude surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waugh, Darryn W.

    Tropospheric SF6: Age of air from the Northern Hemisphere midlatitude surface D. W. Waugh,1 A. M 2013. [1] Observations of SF6 are used to quantify the mean time since air was in ("mean age" from. Comparisons of simulated SF6 and an idealized clock tracer confirm that the time lag between the SF6 mixing

  11. Health Monitoring of Aging Aerospace Structures using the Electro-Mechanical Impedance Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    1 Health Monitoring of Aging Aerospace Structures using the Electro- Mechanical Impedance Method-mechanical (E/M) impedance method for health monitoring of aging aerospace structures. As a nondestructive aircraft, health monitoring, statistics, neural networks, 1. INTRODUCTION Structural health monitoring (SHM

  12. Piezoelectric Wafer Embedded Active Sensors for Aging Aircraft Structural Health Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    41 Piezoelectric Wafer Embedded Active Sensors for Aging Aircraft Structural Health Monitoring ends with a conceptual design of a structural health monitoring system and suggestions for aging damage detection Á structural health monitoring Á failure prevention Á ultrasonics Á pulse-echo Á emitter

  13. age-related myelin dynamics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    age-related myelin dynamics First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Age related changes in...

  14. Gas ageice age differences and the chronology of the Vostok ice core, M. L. Bender,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappellaz, Jérôme

    Gas age­ice age differences and the chronology of the Vostok ice core, 0­100 ka M. L. Bender,1 G. [1] Gas is trapped in polar ice at depths of $50­120 m and is therefore significantly younger than cores (Vostok, Dome Fuji, and Dome C). We recorrelate the gas records of Vostok and Greenland Ice Sheet

  15. Nuclear power plant Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL). Main report and appendix A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaza, K.E.; Diercks, D.R.; Holland, J.W.; Choi, S.U. [and others

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this generic aging lessons learned (GALL) review is to provide a systematic review of plant aging information in order to assess materials and component aging issues related to continued operation and license renewal of operating reactors. Literature on mechanical, structural, and thermal-hydraulic components and systems reviewed consisted of 97 Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) reports, 23 NRC Generic Letters, 154 Information Notices, 29 Licensee Event Reports (LERs), 4 Bulletins, and 9 Nuclear Management and Resources Council Industry Reports (NUMARC IRs) and literature on electrical components and systems reviewed consisted of 66 NPAR reports, 8 NRC Generic Letters, 111 Information Notices, 53 LERs, 1 Bulletin, and 1 NUMARC IR. More than 550 documents were reviewed. The results of these reviews were systematized using a standardized GALL tabular format and standardized definitions of aging-related degradation mechanisms and effects. The tables are included in volume s 1 and 2 of this report. A computerized data base has also been developed for all review tables and can be used to expedite the search for desired information on structures, components, and relevant aging effects. A survey of the GALL tables reveals that all ongoing significant component aging issues are currently being addressed by the regulatory process. However, the aging of what are termed passive components has been highlighted for continued scrutiny. This document is Volume 1, consisting of the executive summary, summary and observations, and an appendix listing the GALL literature review tables.

  16. Timing of the Early Triassic carbon cycle perturbations inferred from new UPb ages and ammonoid biochronozones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    reserved. Keywords: carbon isotope; U­Pb age; time scale; ammonoid; Early Triassic; South China EarthTiming of the Early Triassic carbon cycle perturbations inferred from new U­Pb ages and ammonoid and Mineral Resources, Jiangzheng Road 1, 530023 Nanning, China Received 13 October 2006; received in revised

  17. The Effects of Alcohol and Age on Astrocytes In Female Rats Following an Inflammatory Stimulus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Ashley

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND AGE ON ASTROCYTES IN FEMALE RATS FOLLOWING AN INFLAMMATORY STIMULUS A Senior Scholars Thesis by ASHLEY NICOLE SIMPSON Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A...&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR April 2006 Major: Biology THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND AGE ON ASTROCYTES IN FEMALE RATS FOLLOWING...

  18. A post-Caledonian dolerite dyke from Magery, North Norway: age and geochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andersen, Torgeir Bjørge

    A post-Caledonian dolerite dyke from Magerøy, North Norway: age and geochemistry DAVID ROBERTS-Caledonian dolerite dyke from Magerøy, North Norway: age and geochemistry. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, Vol. 71, pp, Geological Survey of Norway, Post Box 3006-Lade, N-7(}()2 Trondheim, Norway; John G. Mitchell, Department

  19. Warmly Debated: The Little Ice Age and the Construction of Historical Climatic Regimes, 1650-1950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilson, Christopher R.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    . The Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age are the two most commonly referenced and discussed of such regimes. This thesis examines the theories and debates that preceded and surrounded the formal definition of the Little Ice Age as an historic period...

  20. Childhood leukaemia incidence below the age of 5 years near French nuclear power plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Childhood leukaemia incidence below the age of 5 years near French nuclear power plants D Laurier 1 living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Germany. We present herein results about the incidence of childhood leukaemia in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in France for the same age range. These results

  1. A Stochastic Age-Structured Population Model of Striped Bass (Morone saxatilis) in the Potomac River'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joel E.

    -structured population model of striped bass (Morone saatilis) in the Potomac River. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 40A Stochastic Age-Structured Population Model of Striped Bass (Morone saxatilis) in the Potomac. CHRISTENSEN.AND C. P. GOODYEAR.1983. A stochastic age-structured population model of striped bass (Morone sn

  2. Ravaging the wine dark sea: attacks on Crete by sea raiders during the Bronze Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, David James

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Minoan civilization of Bronze Age Crete is one of the most interesting and enigmatic of the ancient world. Writing over half a millennium after the end of the Bronze Age, the historian Thucydides stated that king Minos of Crete had built a navy...

  3. Evolution of obesity prevalence in France: An Age-Period-Cohort analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evolution of obesity prevalence in France: An Age-Period- Cohort analysis Authors : Ibrahima Diouf1, France. Running title: Age-Period-Cohort analysis for obesity prevalence in France Address in the prevalence of obesity has been reported in France since 1990. We investigated the impact of birth cohort

  4. Age-Based Garbage Collection Darko Stefanovic Kathryn S. McKinley J. Eliot B. Moss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKinley, Kathryn S.

    Age-Based Garbage Collection Darko Stefanovi´c Kathryn S. McKinley J. Eliot B. Moss Department@cs.umass.edu ABSTRACT Modern generational garbage collectors look for garbage among the young objects, because they have live. We introduce new garbage collection algorithms, called age-based, some of which postpone

  5. Age-Related Differences in Emotional Reactivity, Regulation, and Rejection Sensitivity in Adolescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ochsner, Kevin

    Age-Related Differences in Emotional Reactivity, Regulation, and Rejection Sensitivity Massachusetts Institute of Technology James J. Gross Stanford University Katherine A. Remy and Kevin N. Ochsner reactivity or emotion regulation. Study 1 addressed this question by presenting healthy individuals aged 10

  6. AGE, GROWTH, AND SEXUAL MATURITY OF GREENLAND HALIBUT, REINHARDT/US lHPPOGLOSSOIDES (WALBAUM),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AGE, GROWTH, AND SEXUAL MATURITY OF GREENLAND HALIBUT, REINHARDT/US lHPPOGLOSSOIDES (WALBAUM), IN THE CANADIAN NORTHWEST ATLANTIC W. R. BOWERIN01 ABSTRACT Age composition of Greenland halibut, Reinhardtius the slowest throughout the range. Onsetofmaturityoffemale Greenland halibutfrom the Gulfof

  7. Mechanical characteristics of aged Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood from Japanese historical buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    historical buildings -Comparative analyses with accelerated aging wood- Misao YOKOYAMA*1 , Joseph GRIL*1 Abstract Wood is present in many cultural heritage objects thanks to its capacity to resist odvantage with mechanical characteristics of aged hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Endl.) wood of Japanese historical buildings

  8. Hierarchical Modelling of Automotive Sensor Front-Ends For Structural Diagnosis of Aging Faults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wieringa, Roel

    h.g.kerkhoff@utwente.nl Abstract: The semiconductor industry for automotive applications is growingHierarchical Modelling of Automotive Sensor Front-Ends For Structural Diagnosis of Aging Faults, dependability, reliability, aging models, hierarchical interfacing, analogue automotive front-ends. I

  9. CHARACTERISATION OF AGED HDPE PIPES FROM DRINKING WATER DISTRIBUTION: INVESTIGATION OF CRACK DEPTH BY NOL RING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BY NOL RING TESTS UNDER CREEP LOADING C. Devilliers 1), 2), 3) , L. Laiarinandrasana 1) , B. Fayolle 2. KEYWORDS HDPE pipes, Nol Ring creep test, ageing effects, fracture mechanism, crack depth ratio, aged layer loading than a monotonic tensile loading. It is to be noticed that the Nol Ring test subjected to a creep

  10. A Review of Information for Managing Aging in Nuclear Power Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WC Morgan; JV Livingston

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Age related degradation effects in safety related systems of nuclear power plants should be managed to prevent safety margins from eroding below the acceptable limits provided in plant design bases. The Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Pro- gram, conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, and other related aging management programs are developing technical information on managing aging. The aging management process central to these efforts consists of three key elements: 1) selecting structures, systems, and components (SSCs) in which aging should be controlled; 2) understanding the mechanisms and rates of degradation in these SSCs; and 3) managing degradation through effective inspection, surveillance, condition monitoring, trending, record keeping, mainten- ance, refurbishment, replacement, and adjustments in the operating environment and service conditions. This document concisely reviews and integrates information developed under the NPAR Program and other aging management studies and other available information related to understanding and managing age-related degradation effects and provides specific refer- ences to more comprehensive information on the same subjects.

  11. Extension Eldercare http://fcs.tamu.edu/families/aging/index.php

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    actions that protect and promote their health. The ABCDs of Medicare, Talking with Your Doctor, MedicationExtension Eldercare http://fcs.tamu.edu/families/aging/index.php Relevance · More than 10 the U.S. is adults over age 85. · Falling continues to be one of the leading causes of accidental death

  12. COMPARISON BETWEEN FRESH AND AGED MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTES AND THEIR RECYCLING METHODS IN CHINA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Zhou; D. Chen; W. Cui

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SUMMARY: Fresh municipal solid wastes (MSW) and aged MSW including MSW from landfills and dumpsite have been characterized and compared by their components, moisture content and lower heat value (LHV) in order to recycle and dispose them properly. Firstly the characterizing experiments were performed and the results showed that generally the fresh MSW are of high moisture contents and their LHV is below 6500kJ/kg; and when 40 % of plastics were separated, their LHV is less than 5000kJ/kg. Combustibles in aged MSW were easily to be separated and their LHV is higher than 11000kJ/kg as just separated. Analysis of aged MSW of different years ’ old showed that as MSW became older the moisture and paper contents decreased. No leachate produced from aged MSW during the analysis and separation process. For both fresh MSW and aged MSW the main contributor to LHV is plastics. Secondly a simple separating system consisting of a roller screen and a winnower is used to separate plastics from fresh MSW and aged MSW, and the quality of plastics were compared by their physical parameters after made into pellets; the results showed that plastics from fresh MSW can be recycled as raw material for secondary product; while plastics separated from aged MSW are of lower quality and only suitable to be recycled as fuel material. Finally different recycling methods were suggested for fresh and aged MSWs based on their characteristics. 1.

  13. Glassy dynamics, aging in mobility, and structural relaxation of strongly adsorbed polymer films: Corrugation or confinement?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueser, Martin

    Glassy dynamics, aging in mobility, and structural relaxation of strongly adsorbed polymer films of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7, Canada Abstract. A molecular dynamics simulation (MD. The model reproduces many experimentally observed features such as logarithmic aging of structural

  14. Regenerative Hair Waves in Aging Mice and Extra-Follicular Modulators Follistatin, Dkk1,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chuong, Cheng-Ming

    Regenerative Hair Waves in Aging Mice and Extra-Follicular Modulators Follistatin, Dkk1, and Sfrp4 , Oscar K. Lee2,6 , Randall B. Widelitz1 and Cheng-Ming Chuong1,2 Hair cycling is modulated by factors both intrinsic and extrinsic to hair follicles. Cycling defects lead to conditions such as aging

  15. Aging Management Guideline for commercial nuclear power plants: Electrical switchgear. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toman, G.; Gazdzinski, R.; Schuler, K. [Ogden Environmental and Energy Services Co., Inc., Blue Bell, PA (United States)

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) provides recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in BWR and PWR commercial nuclear power plant electrical switchgear important to license renewal. The latent of this AMG to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner which allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance, to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

  16. Aging Management Guideline for commercial nuclear power plants: Power and distribution transformers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toman, G.; Gazdzinski, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) provides recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in power and distribution transformers important to license renewal in commercial nuclear power plants. The intent of this AMG to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner which allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

  17. Aging considerations for PWR (pressurized water reactor) control rod drive mechanisms and reactor internals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ware, A.G.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes age-related degradation mechanisms affecting life extension of pressurized water reactor control rod drive mechanisms and reactor internals. The major sources of age-related degradation for control rod drive mechanisms are thermal transients such as plant heatups and cooldowns, latchings and unlatchings, long-term aging effects on electrical insulation, and the high temperature corrosive environment. Flow induced loads, the high-temperature corrosive environment, radiation exposure, and high tensile stresses in bolts all contribute to aging related degradation of reactor internals. Another problem has been wear and fretting of instrument guide tubes. The paper also discusses age-related failures that have occurred to date in pressurized water reactors.

  18. Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants-stationary batteries. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, R.; Shao, J.; Krencicki, G.; Giachetti, R. [Multiple Dynamics Corp., Southfield, MI (United States)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Aging Management Guideline (AMG) describes recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in BWR and PWR commercial nuclear power plant stationary batteries important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

  19. Low Temperature Age Hardening in U-13 at.% Nb: An Atom Probe Tomography Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarke, A. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Field, R. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Hackenberg, R. E, [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Thoma, D. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Brown, D. W. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Teter, D. F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Miller, Michael K [ORNL; Russell, Kaye F [ORNL; Edmonds, D. V. [University of Leeds, UK; Beverini, G. [University of Leeds, UK

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low temperature aging (<350 C) of U-13 at.% Nb martensite results in increased strength levels accompanied by significant ductility loss. To determine the decomposition mechanism(s) responsible for these mechanical property changes, atom probe tomography was used to examine the niobium and impurity distributions after aging at 200 or 300 C for times ranging from 2 h to 70 days. No patterns of niobium or impurity atoms were observed that would indicate segregation to the martensitic twin interfaces, making this hardening mechanism unlikely. Phase separation into roughly equiaxed regions of high and low niobium concentration was clearly observed after aging at 300 C for 70 days. However, only subtle niobium concentration changes were observed after aging at 200 C relative to the as-quenched condition, indicating that conventional phase separation is an unlikely explanation for the dramatic mechanical property changes at 200 C. Therefore, consideration of aging mechanisms other than segregation and phase separation may be warranted.

  20. AGE-RELATED DEGRADATION OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANT STRUCTURES AND COMPONENTS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BRAVERMAN,J.

    1999-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes and highlights the results of the initial phase of a research project on the assessment of aged and degraded structures and components important to the safe operation of nuclear power plants (NPPs). A review of age-related degradation of structures and passive components at NPPs was performed. Instances of age-related degradation have been collected and reviewed. Data were collected from plant generated documents such as Licensing Event Reports, NRC generic communications, NUREGs and industry reports. Applicable cases of degradation occurrences were reviewed and then entered into a computerized database. The results obtained from the review of degradation occurrences are summarized and discussed. Various trending analyses were performed to identify which structures and components are most affected, whether degradation occurrences are worsening, and what are the most common aging mechanisms. The paper also discusses potential aging issues and degradation-susceptible structures and passive components which would have the greatest impact on plant risk.

  1. Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants - tanks and pools

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blocker, E.; Smith, S.; Philpot, L.; Conley, J.

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Continued operation of nuclear power plants for periods that extend beyond their original 40-year license period is a desirable option for many U.S. utilities. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) approval of operating license renewals is necessary before continued operation becomes a reality. Effective aging management for plant components is important to reliability and safety, regardless of current plant age or extended life expectations. However, the NRC requires that aging evaluations be performed and the effectiveness of aging management programs be demonstrated for components considered within the scope of license renewal before granting approval for operation beyond 40 years. Both the NRC and the utility want assurance that plant components will be highly reliable during both the current license term and throughout the extended operating period. In addition, effective aging management must be demonstrated to support Maintenance Rule (10 CFR 50.65) activities.

  2. The effect of aging at 343 degrees C on type 308 stainless steel weldments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexander, D.J.; Alexander, K.B.; Miller, M.K.; Nanstad, R.K.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of long-term aging at intermediate temperatures on the mechanical properties of stainless steel welds has been studied. Three type 308 multipass shielded metal-arc welds with ferrite levels of 4, 8, and 12% were aged up to 343{degrees}C. Tensile tests showed little effect of aging on either the yield or ultimate tensile strengths, but the impact toughness was significantly degraded. The extent of the degradation increased with increasing ferrite content and increasing aging time. Examination of the microstructure with transmission electron microcscopy and atom probe field-ion microscopy revealed that the ferrite phase had undergone spinodal decomposition as a result of aging. In addition, G-phase particles were observed at dislocations, and finer G-phase particles were homogeneously distributed throughout the ferrite phase. The changes in the mechanical properties and the fractography are discussed in light of the observed changes in the microstructure. 19 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Aging Management Guideline for commercial nuclear power plants: Motor control centers; Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Toman, G.; Gazdzinski, R.; O`Hearn, E. [Ogden Environmental and Energy Services Co., Inc., Blue Bell, PA (United States)

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) provides recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) and Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) commercial nuclear power plant motor control centers important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

  4. Proceedings of the Inaugural Meeting of the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bond, Leonard J.; Brenchley, David L.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In almost all countries with nuclear power plants (NPPs), regulatory authorities and the nuclear industry are looking at some form of extended operating periods. To support life extension activities it is necessary to ensure the continued safety and reliability of system, structures, and components, and the component materials. Internationally, a variety of individual national and international activities have been initiated including Plant Life Management through the International Atomic Energy Agency, Electric Power Research Institute’s Long Term Operation program, and various national programs in managing materials degradation and related topics. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) engaged the international community in workshops in 2005-2006 to identify research needs and to collect information in an expert panel report on Proactive Management of Materials Degradation (PMMD), which was reported in NUREG/CR-6923. These results are also available via an Information Tool on the internet at http://pmmd.pnl.gov. This information builds on the extensive compilations known as the GALL Report (Generic Aging Lessons Learned, NUREG-1801, Vols. 1 and 2). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) recently issued a report on the review of various international activities in PMMD (PNNL-17779). There have also been initiatives by Electricite de France, Tokyo Electric Power Company, EPRI, and others to establish a "Materials Aging Institute." Within the materials degradation research community there are also networks and technical meetings focused on some elements of PMMD. In spite of all these efforts, there is currently no forum to bring together these diverse activities and provide coordinated information exchange and prioritization of materials aging management/PMMD topics. It is believed that the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM) would be a good way to achieve this goal and help develop new approaches for ensuring continued safe operation in existing and future nuclear power plants. To begin addressing this need, NRC has established a Proactive Management of Materials Degradation Program for managing in-service degradation of metallic components in aging NPPs. The NRC is seeking to facilitate the establishment of IFRAM as a network of international experts who would exchange information on operating experience, best practices, and emerging knowledge. These experts would be willing to work jointly and leverage the separate efforts of existing national programs into a unified approach to enable the potential for the safe and economic life extension of NPPs. A proposal for establishing IFRAM was developed and presented at Engagement workshops in Seoul, Korea (October 2009) and Petten, The Netherlands (May 2010). Participants in both groups demonstrated strong interest in the establishment of IFRAM. Therefore the Global Steering Committee was formed to plan and carry out the start-up of IFRAM in 2011. This group finalized the documents for IFRAM and organized the kick-off meeting. This document records the contents of the inaugural meeting of IFRAM, which was held August 4-5, 2011, at the Cheyenne Mountain Resort in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Representatives from Asia, Europe, and the United States met to share information on reactor aging management and make plans for the future. Professor Tetsuo Shoji was elected chairperson of the Leadership Council. This kick-off event transformed the dream of an international forum into a reality. IFRAM has begun to achieve its mission.

  5. Aging behavior of polymeric solar absorber materials - Part 2: Commodity plastics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kahlen, S. [Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH, Roseggerstrasse 12, Leoben 8700 (Austria); Wallner, G.M.; Lang, R.W. [Institute for Polymeric Materials and Testing, University of Linz, Altenbergerstrasse 69, Linz 4040 (Austria)

    2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this series of two papers, various polymeric materials are investigated as to their potential applicability as absorber materials for solar thermal collectors. While Part 1 of this paper series deals with the aging behavior of engineering plastics, including two amorphous polymers (PPE + PS) and (PC) and two semi-crystalline polymers (two types of PA12), the present Part 2 treats the aging behavior of semi-crystalline so-called ''commodity'' plastics (two types of crosslinked polyethylene (PE-X) and two types of polypropylene (PP)). As in Part 1, the focus of the investigation is to study the aging behavior of these materials under maximum operating conditions (80 C in water up to 16,000 h) and stagnation conditions (140 C in air up to 500 h) typical for northern climate. The materials supplied or produced as polymer films were first characterized in the unaged state and then for different states of aging by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and by mechanical tensile tests. DSC was applied primarily to obtain information on physical aging phenomena, whereas SEC analysis was used to characterize chemical degradation of the materials. In addition, physical and chemical aging were both analyzed via the small and large strain mechanical behavior. Comparing the two aging conditions in hot air and hot water, a rather stable mechanical performance profile was found for both PP types over the investigated aging time, which was interpreted in terms of competing physical and chemical aging mechanisms. Analogously such competing mechanisms were also inferred for one of the PE-X materials, while the other exhibited substantial degradation in terms of strain-to-break values for both aging conditions. In principle, both PP and PE-X are promising candidates for black absorber applications in northern climates if proper measures against overheating are taken and when adequately modified. (author)

  6. A TWO-STRAIN TUBERCULOSIS MODEL WITH AGE OF ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SIAM (#1) 1035 2001 Apr 10 12:32:38

    2002-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    and outbreaks of multidrug-resistant TB in the United States have also increased over the past .... size is small, the birth rate needs to exceed the total death rate.

  7. Aging and Phase Stability of Waste Package Outer Barrier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F. Wong

    2004-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared in accordance with ''Technical Work Plan for: Regulatory Integration Modeling and Analysis of the Waste Form and Waste Package'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171583]). This report provides information on the phase stability of Alloy 22, the current waste package outer barrier material. The goal of this model is to determine whether the single-phase solid solution is stable under repository conditions and, if not, how fast other phases may precipitate. The aging and phase stability model, which is based on fundamental thermodynamic and kinetic concepts and principles, will be used to provide predictive insight into the long-term metallurgical stability of Alloy 22 under relevant repository conditions. The results of this model are used by ''General Corrosion and Localized Corrosion of Waste Package Outer Barrier'' as reference-only information. These phase stability studies are currently divided into three general areas: Tetrahedrally close-packed (TCP) phase and carbide precipitation in the base metal; TCP and carbide precipitation in welded samples; and Long-range ordering reactions. TCP-phase and carbide precipitates that form in Alloy 22 are generally rich in chromium (Cr) and/or molybdenum (Mo) (Raghavan et al. 1984 [DIRS 154707]). Because these elements are responsible for the high corrosion resistance of Alloy 22, precipitation of TCP phases and carbides, especially at grain boundaries, can lead to an increased susceptibility to localized corrosion in the alloy. These phases are brittle and also tend to embrittle the alloy (Summers et al. 1999 [DIRS 146915]). They are known to form in Alloy 22 at temperatures greater than approximately 600 C. Whether these phases also form at the lower temperatures expected in the repository during the 10,000-year regulatory period must be determined. The kinetics of this precipitation will be determined for both the base metal and the weld heat-affected zone (HAZ). The TCP phases (P, {mu}, and {sigma}) are present in the weld metal in the as-welded condition. It may be possible to eliminate these phases through a solution anneal heat treatment, but that may not be possible for the closure weld because the spent nuclear fuel cladding cannot be heated to more than 350 C. The effects of any stress mitigation techniques (such as laser peening or solution heat treating) that may be used to reduce the tensile stresses on the closure welds must also be determined. Cold-work will cause an increase in dislocation density, and such an increase in dislocation density may cause an increase in diffusion rates that control precipitation kinetics (Porter et al. 1992 [DIRS 161265]; Tawancy et al. 1983 [DIRS 104991]). Long-range order (LRO) occurs in nickel (Ni)-Cr-Mo alloys (such as Alloy 22) at temperatures less than approximately 600 C. This ordering has been linked to an increased susceptibility of Ni-Cr-Mo alloys to stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement (Tawancy et al. 1983 [DIRS 104991]). These analyses provide information on the rate at which LRO may occur in Alloy 22 under repository conditions. Determination of the kinetics of transformations through experimental techniques requires that the transformations being investigated be accelerated due to the fact that the expected service life is at least 10,000 years. Phase transformations are typically accelerated through an increase in temperature. The rate of transformation is determined at the higher temperature and is extrapolated to the lower temperatures of interest.

  8. Contaminant effects on growth, age-structure, and reproduction, of Mytilus edulis from Puget Sound, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casillas, E.; Kardong, K.; Kagley, A.; Snider, R.G.; Stein, J.E. [NOAA, Seattle, WA (United States). Environmental Conservation Division

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Age-length relationships, age structure, and reproductive status (fecundity, egg size) of Mytilus edulis from six sites in central Puget Sound and one site in the relatively pristine area of northern Puget Sound were measured. Mussels from urban-associated sites (areas with elevated sediment concentrations of PAHs, PCBs, and toxic and essential metals) exhibited high tissue burdens of these contaminants. Age length relationships, fitted to the von Bertalanffy equation, showed that the growth of mussels from urban-associated areas was similar, but was lower than in mussels from minimally-contaminated environments. Comparison of mussel population age-structure showed that at urban sites, mussels of comparable size were consistently older than mussels from minimally contaminated areas and the mean age of urban populations was higher than that of rural populations. In mussels from urban sites, gonad mass was lower while number of oocytes/g gonad was similar compared to mussels from minimally-contaminated areas of Puget Sound. Thus, in mussels from urban sites fecundity was reduced compared to mussels of comparable age from reference sites. The findings support the hypothesis that mussels from the urban areas exhibit impaired growth, altered population age-structure, and reproductive impairment as a result of accumulation of chemical contaminants.

  9. Possible Origin of Improved High Temperature Performance of Hydrothermally Aged Cu/Beta Zeolite Catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peden, Charles HF; Kwak, Ja Hun; Burton, Sarah D.; Tonkyn, Russell G.; Kim, Do Heui; Lee, Jong H.; Jen, H. W.; Cavattaio, Giovanni; Cheng, Yisun; Lambert, Christine

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydrothermal stability of Cu/beta NH3 SCR catalysts are explored here. In particular, this paper focuses on the interesting ability of this catalyst to maintain and even enhance high-temperature performance for the "standard" SCR reaction after modest (900 °C, 2 hours) hydrothermal aging. Characterization of the fresh and aged catalysts was performed with an aim to identify possible catalytic phases responsible for the enhanced high temperature performance. XRD, TEM and 27Al NMR all showed that the hydrothermally aging conditions used here resulted in almost complete loss of the beta zeolite structure between 1 and 2 hours aging. While the 27Al NMR spectra of 2 and 10 hour hydrothermally-aged catalysts showed significant loss of a peak associated with tetrahedrally-coordinated Al species, no new spectral features were evident. Two model catalysts, suggested by these characterization data as possible mimics of the catalytic phase formed during hydrothermal aging of Cu/beta, were prepared and tested for their performance in the "standard" SCR and NH3 oxidation reactions. The similarity in their reactivity compared to the 2 hour hydrothermally-aged Cu/beta catalyst suggests possible routes for preparing multi-component catalysts that may have wider temperature windows for optimum performance than those provided by current Cu/zeolite catalysts.

  10. THE AGES OF HIGH-MASS X-RAY BINARIES IN NGC 2403 AND NGC 300

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Benjamin F.; Binder, Breanna A.; Dalcanton, Julianne J. [Department of Astronomy, Box 351580, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Eracleous, Michael [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics and Center for Gravitational Wave Physics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16803 (United States); Dolphin, Andrew, E-mail: ben@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: bbinder@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: jd@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: mce@astro.psu.edu, E-mail: adolphin@raytheon.com [Raytheon Company, Tucson, AZ 85734 (United States)

    2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have examined resolved stellar photometry from HST imaging surrounding 18 high-mass X-ray binary (HMXB) candidates in NGC 300 and NGC 2403 as determined from combined Chandra/HST analysis. We have fit the color-magnitude distribution of the surrounding stars with stellar evolution models. All but one region in NGC 300 and two in NGC 2403 contain a population with an age between 20 and 70 Myr. One of the candidates is the ultraluminous X-ray source in NGC 2403, which we associate with a 60 {+-} 5 Myr old population. These age distributions provide additional evidence that 16 of these 18 candidates are HMXBs. Furthermore, our results suggest that the most common HMXB age in these galaxies is 40-55 Myr. This preferred age is similar to observations of HMXBs in the Small Magellanic Cloud, providing new evidence of this formation timescale, but in higher metallicity populations. We suggest that this preferred HMXB age is the result of the fortuitous combination of two physical effects. First, this is the age of a population when the greatest rate of core-collapse events should be occurring, maximizing neutron star production. Second, this is the age when B stars are most likely to be actively losing mass. We also discuss our results in the context of HMXB feedback in galaxies, confirming HMXBs as a potentially important source of energy for the interstellar medium in low-mass galaxies.

  11. Effect of ageing on precipitation and impact energy of 2101 economical duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Wei [Shanghai Baosteel Technology Center, Baosteel Co., LTD. Shanghai 200431 (China); College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Jiang Laizhu [Shanghai Baosteel Technology Center, Baosteel Co., LTD. Shanghai 200431 (China)], E-mail: zwatt@163.com; Hu Jincheng; Song Hongmei [Shanghai Baosteel Technology Center, Baosteel Co., LTD. Shanghai 200431 (China)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact energy and microstructure of a thermally aged 2101 duplex stainless steel with composition of Fe-21.4Cr-1.2Ni-5.7Mn-0.23 N-0.31Mo were studied. The results showed that the room temperature impact energy of specimens decreased gradually with ageing temperature up to 700 deg. C and then increased with aging over 700 deg. C. The minimum value of impact energy was 37 J after 700 deg. C aging, which was only 34% of that for as-annealed specimens. For specimens aged at 700 deg. C, the room temperature impact energy decreased significantly after 3 min and was halved after 10 min. Fractographs showed that, with increasing aging time, the fracture morphology changed from fibrous fracture to transgranular and intragranular fracture. Scanning electron micrographs revealed that many precipitates were distributed along {alpha}/{gamma} and {alpha}/{alpha} interfaces. The precipitates were extracted and confirmed by X-ray diffraction to be Cr{sub 2}N. Therefore, it can be concluded that precipitation of Cr{sub 2}N is the main reason for the decrease of impact energy in aged 2101 duplex stainless steel.

  12. STUDY OF AGING EFFECTS IN 2205 DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL USING THERMOELECTRIC POWER MEASUREMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lara, N.; Ruiz, A.; Carreon, H.; Medina, A. [NDE Group, Instituto de Investigaciones Metalurgicas, UMSNH (Mexico); Sanchez, A. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, UMSNH (Mexico)

    2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermoelectric power (TEP) measurements have been used as an effective method for evaluating the metallurgical state of various alloys. In the steel industry, some fabrication processes promote phase transformation and second phase precipitations which affect the material properties. Assessment of mechanical properties is critical in order to ensure quality of components. This work was conducted in order to evaluate the influence of the aging state of 2205 duplex stainless steel on TEP values. Commercial 2205 duplex steel was isothermally aged at 650 deg. C 700 deg. C and 900 deg. C at different aging times. TEP measurement technique was applied as a non destructive assessment technique to characterize the aging kinetics of the aged 2205 duplex stainless steel, hardness Rockwell (RC) and Charpy impact test were preformed to observe the effect of aging time on the specimens. Metallographic analysis was used to monitor phase transformation and sigma phase precipitation caused by the spinodal decomposition process of ferrite into secondary austenite and sigma phase. Results indicate that that the TEP is sensitive to gradual microstructural changes produced by the aging treatments.

  13. Seismic-fragility tests of new and accelerated-aged Class 1E battery cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bonzon, L.L.; Janis, W.J.; Black, D.A.; Paulsen, G.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The seismic-fragility response of naturally-aged nuclear station safety-related batteries is of interest for two reasons: (1) to determine actual failure modes and thresholds and (2) to determine the validity of using the electrical capacity of individual cells as an indicator of the potential survivability of a battery given a seismic event. Prior reports in this series discussed the seismic-fragility tests and results for three specific naturally-aged cell types: 12-year old NCX-2250, 10-year old LCU-13, and 10-year old FHC-19. This report focuses on the complementary approach, namely, the seismic-fragility response of accelerated-aged batteries. Of particular interest is the degree to which such approaches accurately reproduce the actual failure modes and thresholds. In these tests the significant aging effects observed, in terms of seismic survivability, were: embrittlement of cell cases, positive bus material and positive plate grids; and excessive sulphation of positive plate active material causing hardening and expansion of positive plates. The IEEE Standard 535 accelerated aging method successfully reproduced seismically significant aging effects in new cells but accelerated grid embrittlement an estimated five years beyond the conditional age of other components.

  14. Effect of prior cold work on age hardening of Cu-3Ti-1Cr alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Markandeya, R. [Department of Metallurgical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, Hyderabad-500 072 (India); Nagarjuna, S. [Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad-500 058 (India)]. E-mail: snagarjuna1@rediffmail.com; Sarma, D.S. [Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005 (India)

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of 50%, 75% and 90% cold work on the age hardening behavior of Cu-3Ti-1Cr alloy has been investigated by hardness and tensile tests, and light optical and transmission electron microscopy. Hardness increased from 118 Hv in the solution-treated condition to 373 Hv after 90% cold work and peak aging. Cold deformation reduced the peak aging time and temperature of the alloy. The yield strength and ultimate tensile strength reached a maximum of 1090 and 1110 MPa, respectively, following 90% deformation and peak aging. The microstructure of the deformed alloy exhibited elongated grains and deformation twins. The maximum strength on peak aging was obtained due to precipitation of the ordered, metastable and coherent {beta}'-Cu{sub 4}Ti phase, in addition to high dislocation density and deformation twins. Over-aging resulted in decreases in hardness and strength due to the formation of incoherent and equilibrium {beta}-Cu{sub 3}Ti phase in the form of a cellular structure. However, the morphology of the discontinuous precipitation changed to a globular form on high deformation. The mechanical properties of Cu-3Ti-1Cr alloy are superior to those of Cu-2.7Ti, Cu-3Ti-1Cd and the commercial Cu-0.5Be-2.5Co alloys in the cold-worked and peak-aged condition.

  15. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology: Aging of Graphitic Cast Irons and Machinability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Von L. Richards

    2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this task was to determine whether ductile iron and compacted graphite iron exhibit age strengthening to a statistically significant extent. Further, this effort identified the mechanism by which gray iron age strengthens and the mechanism by which age-strengthening improves the machinability of gray cast iron. These results were then used to determine whether age strengthening improves the machinability of ductile iron and compacted graphite iron alloys in order to develop a predictive model of alloy factor effects on age strengthening. The results of this work will lead to reduced section sizes, and corresponding weight and energy savings. Improved machinability will reduce scrap and enhance casting marketability. Technical Conclusions: ���¢�������¢ Age strengthening was demonstrated to occur in gray iron ductile iron and compacted graphite iron. ���¢�������¢ Machinability was demonstrated to be improved by age strengthening when free ferrite was present in the microstructure, but not in a fully pearlitic microstructure. ���¢�������¢ Age strengthening only occurs when there is residual nitrogen in solid solution in the Ferrite, whether the ferrite is free ferrite or the ferrite lamellae within pearlite. ���¢�������¢ Age strengthening can be accelerated by Mn at about 0.5% in excess of the Mn/S balance Estimated energy savings over ten years is 13.05 trillion BTU, based primarily on yield improvement and size reduction of castings for equivalent service. Also it is estimated that the heavy truck end use of lighter castings for equivalent service requirement will result in a diesel fuel energy savings of 131 trillion BTU over ten years.

  16. Ultraslow dynamics and stress relaxation in the aging of a soft glassy system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurence Ramos; Luca Cipelletti

    2001-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We use linear rheology and multispeckle dynamic light scattering (MDLS) to investigate the aging of a gel composed of multilamellar vesicles. Light scattering data indicate rearrangement of the gel through an unusual ultraslow ballistic motion. A dramatic slowdown of the dynamics with sample age $t_{w}$ is observed for both rheology and MDLS, the characteristic relaxation time scaling as $t_{w}^{\\mu}$. We find the same aging exponent $\\mu =0.78$ for both techniques, suggesting that they probe similar physical processes, that is the relaxation of applied or internal stresses for rheology or MDLS, respectively. A simple phenomenological model is developed to account for the observed dynamics.

  17. Report on thermal aging effects on tensile properties of ferritic-martensitic steels.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, M.; Soppet, W.K.; Rink, D.L.; Listwan, J.T.; Natesan, K. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

    2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides an update on the evaluation of thermal-aging induced degradation of tensile properties of advanced ferritic-martensitic steels. The report is the first deliverable (level 3) in FY11 (M3A11AN04030103), under the Work Package A-11AN040301, 'Advanced Alloy Testing' performed by Argonne National Laboratory, as part of Advanced Structural Materials Program for the Advanced Reactor Concepts. This work package supports the advanced structural materials development by providing tensile data on aged alloys and a mechanistic model, validated by experiments, with a predictive capability on long-term performance. The scope of work is to evaluate the effect of thermal aging on the tensile properties of advanced alloys such as ferritic-martensitic steels, mod.9Cr-1Mo, NF616, and advanced austenitic stainless steel, HT-UPS. The aging experiments have been conducted over a temperature of 550-750 C for various time periods to simulate the microstructural changes in the alloys as a function of time at temperature. In addition, a mechanistic model based on thermodynamics and kinetics has been used to address the changes in microstructure of the alloys as a function of time and temperature, which is developed in the companion work package at ANL. The focus of this project is advanced alloy testing and understanding the effects of long-term thermal aging on the tensile properties. Advanced materials examined in this project include ferritic-martensitic steels mod.9Cr-1Mo and NF616, and austenitic steel, HT-UPS. The report summarizes the tensile testing results of thermally-aged mod.9Cr-1Mo, NF616 H1 and NF616 H2 ferritic-martensitic steels. NF616 H1 and NF616 H2 experienced different thermal-mechanical treatments before thermal aging experiments. NF616 H1 was normalized and tempered, and NF616 H2 was normalized and tempered and cold-rolled. By examining these two heats, we evaluated the effects of thermal-mechanical treatments on material microstructures and associated mechanical properties during long-term aging at elevated temperatures. Thermal aging experiments at different temperatures and periods of time have been completed: 550 C for up to 5000 h, 600 C for up to 7500 h, and 650 C for more than 10,000 h. Tensile properties were measured on thermally aged specimens and aging effect on tensile behavior was assessed. Effects of thermal aging on deformation and failure mechanisms were investigated by using in-situ straining technique with simultaneous synchrotron XRD measurements.

  18. Effects of aging on the characteristics of TiNiPd shape memory alloy thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Congchun [Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Micro-fabrication Technology of Ministry of Education, Research Institute of Micro/Nanometer Science and Technology (China)], E-mail: zhcc@mail.sjtu.edu.cn; Yang Chunsheng; Ding Guifu [Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Micro-fabrication Technology of Ministry of Education, Research Institute of Micro/Nanometer Science and Technology (China); Wu Jiansheng [School of Material Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, 200030, Shanghai (China)

    2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    TiNiPd thin films have been deposited on glass substrate using R.F. magnetron sputtering. Effects of annealing and aging on the microstructure, phase transformation behaviors and shape memory effects of these thin films have been studied by X-ray diffractometry, differential scanning calorimeter, tensile tests and internal friction characteristics. The TiNiPd thin films annealed at 750 deg. C exhibit uniform martensite/austenite transformations and shape memory effect. Aging at 450 deg. C for 1 h improved the uniformity of transformations and shape memory effect. Long time aging decreased transformation temperatures and increased the brittleness of TiNiPd thin films.

  19. A high glacier opens a view of the ice age tropics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mlot, C.

    1995-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses new information about the ice age tropics as cores from a mountain glacier in the Peruvian Andes are analysed. Chemical markers in the ice of the two cores (160 and 166 meters long), covering 20,000 years, are starting to provide detailed support for understanding the ice age in the tropics. they show that climate in the tropics experience sharp oscillations at the end of the ice ages as it did in more northerly regions. Information about El Ninos and how the tropics respond to global climate changes is forthcoming. Comments on the actual expedition to obtain the ice cores are included.

  20. Proceedings of the International Workshop on inspection and evaluation of aging aircraft

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economics is the key issue in a discussion on the inspection of aging aircraft. The airline industry has taken heavy losses resulting in layoffs and bankruptcies in recent years. Improving air service to customers is the ultimate reason for conducting research on the effects of aging on aircraft, but cost must be taken into account for the effective implementation of inspection programs. These papers present state of the art research to predict, detect, define, and correct the effects of age and usage on the metals and materials used in construction of aircraft and powerplants. Individual papers are abstracted separately.

  1. digestible energy concentration. However, this effect only appeared during the 2nd age period, barley being as efficient as maize immediately after weaning (ist age feed).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    digestible energy concentration. However, this effect only appeared during the 2nd age period of the digestive transit in pregnant sows (crude fibre level and constipation) M. PALISSE, M. COLIN Y. MAURY); - an increase in the apparent digestibility of the diet after reduction of the cellulose level. Comparative

  2. Built-in proactive tuning for circuit aging and process variation resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shah, Nimay Shamik

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    allows each circuit block to autonomously tune its performance according to its own degree of variation. The tuning is conducted offline, either at power on or periodically. A test pattern generator is included to reduce the uncertainty of the aging...

  3. Mapping local hippocampal changes in Alzheimer's disease and normal ageing with MRI at 3 Tesla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    Mapping local hippocampal changes in Alzheimer's disease and normal ageing with MRI at 3 Tesla and Alzheimer's disease based on high resolution MRI at 3 Tesla. T1-weighted images were acquired from 19

  4. Sleep and Cortisol in Preschool-Aged Children with Autism and Typically Developing Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, Sharon Audrey

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    after administration of 5-HTP, a precursor to serotonin.age berghs, 22 CONT before 5-HTP years of no differences inHealthy teen Belgium (post- HTP volunteers available from

  5. Organic chemical aging mechanisms: An annotated bibliography. Waste Tank Safety Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samuels, W.D.; Camaioni, D.M.; Nelson, D.A.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An annotated bibliography has been compiled of the potential chemical and radiological aging mechanisms of the organic constituents (non-ferrocyanide) that would likely be found in the UST at Hanford. The majority of the work that has been conducted on the aging of organic chemicals used for extraction and processing of nuclear materials has been in conjunction with the acid or PUREX type processes. At Hanford the waste being stored in the UST has been stabilized with caustic. The aging factors that were used in this work were radiolysis, hydrolysis and nitrite/nitrate oxidation. The purpose of this work was two-fold: to determine whether or not research had been or is currently being conducted on the species associated with the Hanford UST waste, either as a mixture or as individual chemicals or chemical functionalities, and to determine what areas of chemical aging need to be addressed by further research.

  6. Localized measures of callosal atrophy are associated with late-life hypertension: AGES-Reykjavik Study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Older Subjects. Hypertension, 36: 1079-1082. Harris, TB. ,follow-up of 999 men. Hypertension, 31: 780- 786. Kobayashi,Asia Aging Study. Hypertension, 44 (1): 29-34. Launer et al.

  7. Organic tanks safety program, FY97 waste aging studies. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camaioni, D.M.; Samuels, W.D.; Linehan, J.C.; Sharma, A.K.; Hogan, M.O.; Lilga, M.A.; Clauss, S.A.; Wahl, K.L.; Campbell, J.A.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To model tank waste aging and interpret tank waste speciation results, the authors began measuring the reactivity of organic complexants and related compounds towards radiation-induced oxidation reactions. Because of the high efficiency of scavenging of the primary radicals of water radiolysis by nitrate and nitrite ion, the major radiolytically-generated radicals in these solutions, and in Hanford tank wastes, are NO{sub 2}, NO and O{sup {minus}}. Prior to this effort, little quantitative information existed for the reactions of these radicals with organic compounds such as those that were used in Hanford processes. Therefore, modeling of actual waste aging, or even simulated waste aging, was not feasible without measuring reactivities and determining reaction paths. The authors have made the first rate measurements of complexant aging and determined some of their degradation products.

  8. Towards a post-industrial architecture : design and construction of houses for the information age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demchak, Gregory L. (Gregory Leonard), 1974-

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The design and construction of modern residential architecture, which came into critical focus by architects of the Machine Age, continues to be a priority in the architectural discourse. For Modern architects, the desire ...

  9. The Effect of the 18-Year Old Drinking Age on Auto Accidents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cucchiaro, Stephen

    The effect of Massachusetts' reduced drinking age on auto accidents is examined by employing an interrupted time series analysis of monthly accident data covering the period January, 1969, through September 1973. The data ...

  10. Modeling the Effect of Curing on Early Age Distress Potential of Concrete Pavement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bari, Muhammad Ehsanul

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    , such as the variation of temperature and relative humidity, during the early age after concrete placement. Experimental test results were obtained and mathematical models were developed for this research. Modeling the effect of curing process in response...

  11. Exercise training reverses age-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase upregulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Wook

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The risk of injury, inflammation, and oxidative stress increases in skeletal muscle with aging. It has been postulated that pro-oxidant signaling, including upregulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) contributes ...

  12. Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya in Areas 105 and 131 on the Karari Ridge in the eastern Turkana Basin (Kenya). We identify the base

  13. Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Improved age control on early Homo fossils from the upper Burgi Member at Koobi Fora, Kenya in Areas 105 and 131 on the Karari Ridge in the eastern Turkana Basin (Kenya). We identify the base

  14. Effect of aging upon CE and B and W control rod drives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grove, E.; Gunther, W.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of aging upon the Babcock Wilcox (B W) and Combustion Engineering (CE) Control Rod Drive (CRD) systems has been evaluated as part of the US NRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) program. Operating experience data for the 1980--1990 time period was reviewed to identify predominant failure modes, causes, and effects. These results, in conjunction with an assessment of component materials and operating environment, conclude that both systems are susceptible to age degradation. System failures have resulted in significant plant effects, including power reductions, plant shutdowns, scrams, and Engineered Safety Feature (ESF) actuation. Current industry inspection and maintenance practices were assessed. Some of these practices effectively address aging, while others do not.

  15. Effect of aging upon CE and B and W control rod drives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grove, E.; Gunther, W.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of aging upon the Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) and Combustion Engineering (CE) Control Rod Drive (CRD) systems has been evaluated as part of the US NRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) program. Operating experience data for the 1980--1990 time period was reviewed to identify predominant failure modes, causes, and effects. These results, in conjunction with an assessment of component materials and operating environment, conclude that both systems are susceptible to age degradation. System failures have resulted in significant plant effects, including power reductions, plant shutdowns, scrams, and Engineered Safety Feature (ESF) actuation. Current industry inspection and maintenance practices were assessed. Some of these practices effectively address aging, while others do not.

  16. Transient Water Age Distributions in Environmental Flow Systems: The Time-Marching Laplace Transform Solution Technique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornaton, F J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental fluid circulations are very often characterized by analyzing the fate and behavior of natural and anthropogenic tracers. Among these tracers, age is taken as an ideal tracer which can yield interesting diagnoses, as for example the characterization of the mixing and renewal of water masses, of the fate and mixing of contaminants, or the calibration of hydro-dispersive parameters used by numerical models. Such diagnoses are of great interest in atmospheric and ocean circulation sciences, as well in surface and subsurface hydrology. The temporal evolution of groundwater age and its frequency distributions can display important changes as flow regimes vary due to natural change in climate and hydrologic conditions and/or human induced pressures on the resource to satisfy the water demand. Steady-state age frequency distributions can be modelled using standard numerical techniques, since the general balance equation describing age transport under steady-state flow conditions is exactly equivalent to...

  17. Social Cognition in Later Life: Effects of Aging and Task Type on Theory of Mind Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyle, Claire L.

    2009-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Recent studies assessing the effects of age and task type on theory of mind (ToM) have found mixed results. However, these studies have not considered the possibility that by using a series of distinct and unrelated ...

  18. Building a national technology and innovation infrastructure for an aging society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Jasmin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on the potential of strategic technology innovation and implementation in sustaining an aging society, and examines the need for a comprehensive national technology and innovation infrastructure in the ...

  19. 230Th/U ages Supporting Hanford Site-Wide Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paces, James B. [U.S. Geological Survey] [U.S. Geological Survey

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This product represents a USGS Administrative Report that discusses samples and methods used to conduct uranium-series isotope analyses and resulting ages and initial 234U/238U activity ratios of pedogenic cements developed in several different surfaces in the Hanford area middle to late Pleistocene. Samples were collected and dated to provide calibration of soil development in surface deposits that are being used in the Hanford Site-Wide probabilistic seismic hazard analysis conducted by AMEC. The report includes description of sample locations and physical characteristics, sample preparation, chemical processing and mass spectrometry, analytical results, and calculated ages for individual sites. Ages of innermost rinds on a number of samples from five sites in eastern Washington are consistent with a range of minimum depositional ages from 17 ka for cataclysmic flood deposits to greater than 500 ka for alluvium at several sites.

  20. The effects of aging on the fire vulnerability of nuclear power plant components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowlen, S.P.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia National Laboratories, under the sponsorship of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, has initiated an effort to identify and investigate potential nuclear power plant fire safety issues associated with plant aging. The issues of potential concern, which have been identified are the effects of aging on (1) the vulnerability of electrical equipment to fire induced damage; (2) the propensity with which electrical equipment will initiate, or contribute to the severity of, fires; and (3) the integrity of passive fire protection features. Efforts in this program were initiated late in fiscal year 1988. For fiscal year 1989 efforts will focus on the investigation of the effects of aging on cable damageability and cable flammability. This paper presents the findings of a limited review of past electrical equipment fire aging research and a summary of planned activities for fiscal year 1989. 11 refs., 4 figs.

  1. Constraints on the Age of Heating at the Fenton Hill Site, Valles...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Constraints on the Age of Heating at the Fenton Hill Site, Valles Caldera, New Mexico Abstract Subsurface samples and...

  2. Normal Aging and the Dissociable Prototype Learning Systems Brian D. Glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittka, Lars

    learning (Ashby & Mad- dox, 2005). Recent research suggests there is an age-related deficit in rule, Pacheco, Reeves, Zhu, & Schnyer, 2010, and see Filoteo & Mad- dox, 2004). Another important type

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - aged beagles histomorphometry Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Opportunity to access new audiences of all age groups. Traditional TV... Greenhouse Effect 12;X-Box Live Marketplace 12;12;12;The Mother - Mars Express 12;The Baby -...

  4. E-Print Network 3.0 - aged ovariectomized beagles Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Opportunity to access new audiences of all age groups. Traditional TV... Greenhouse Effect 12;X-Box Live Marketplace 12;12;12;The Mother - Mars Express 12;The Baby -...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - aged female beagles Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Opportunity to access new audiences of all age groups. Traditional TV... Greenhouse Effect 12;X-Box Live Marketplace 12;12;12;The Mother - Mars Express 12;The Baby -...

  6. New Evidence for the Age of the Youngest Eruptions in the Valles...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Youngest Eruptions in the Valles Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: New Evidence for the Age of the Youngest...

  7. Characterisation of lightly oxidised organic aerosol formed from the photochemical aging of diesel exhaust particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Jesse

    The oxidative aging of the semivolatile fraction of diesel exhaust aerosol is studied in order to better understand the influence of oxidation reactions on particle chemical composition. Exhaust is sampled from an idling ...

  8. Age and growth of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) from Matagorda Bay, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stunz, Gregory Wayne

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Estimates of age and growth of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) from Matagorda Bay, Texas were made by analyzing thin sections of otoliths (sagittae) from 892 specimens collected along the Texas coast from May 1992 to January 1995...

  9. Excitation-Emission Spectra and Fluorescence Quantum Yields for Fresh and Aged Biogenic Secondary Organic Aerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nizkorodov, Sergey

    and excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectra of aqueous extracts of aged and control SOA samples were measured = 320 ± 25 nm and emission = 425 ± 38 nm for the -pinene-derived SOA. Both regions overlap with the EEM

  10. FRANTIC 5 (a version of FRANTIC II) : a computer code for evaluating system aging effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitrijevic, Vesna B.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The FRANTIC 5 code is a modification of the FRANTIC II code for time dependent unavailability analysis. FRANTIC 5 is specially adapted for modeling the aging effects on system and component performance. The FRANTIC 5 code ...

  11. Towards a hermeneutics of life practice for welfare professionals in the age of the ecological imperative 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Chris

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volz argues that the task of ethics can no longer be limited to the familiar questions of moral theory in the age of modernity: the questions of morality or right conduct for the autonomous individual (Volz, 1993; Kiesel ...

  12. Micro-algae come of age as a platform for recombinant protein production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Specht, Elizabeth; Miyake-Stoner, Shigeki; Mayfield, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    et al. 2008), chlorophyta alga Ulva pertusa Table 1 Recentprotein production in algae Expression level achieved010-0326-5 REVIEW Micro-algae come of age as a platform for

  13. Additive effects of aging and HIV infection on category verbal fluency : an analysis of component processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iudicello, Jennifer E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R. K. , & Grant, I. (2006). Additive deleterious effects ofGrob, C. S. (2005). Additive effects of HIV and chronicGroup. (2011, February). Additive effects of aging and HIV

  14. Establishing a rodent (Fischer 344 rat) model of mild cognitive impairment in aging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaSarge, Candi Lynn

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    characterized on the reference memory version of the water maze were tested on either a spatial working memory water maze task or an olfactory discrimination task. Despite detecting an age-related delay-dependent decline in spatial working memory...

  15. Optimal Supply Angle of Upside Air Supply in Manned Spacecraft Cabin-Based Air Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Z.; Zhang, J.; Lu, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The age of air in the workaround of a manned spacecraft cabin that contain astronauts, apparatus and simple living establishments was numerically simulated by use of commercial software and a standard k-e turbulence model. An air inlet installed...

  16. Pottery Production and Social Complexity of the Bronze Age Cultures on the Chengdu Plain, Sichuan, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Kuei-chen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    XRF) 315 Thermal2010TN05W03: 9:7 Bronze Age III zhan XRD, XRF, Petro, TGA/DSC XRD, XRF, Petro, TGA/DSC Analysis Thin- undertaken

  17. The harmful effects of late-onset alcohol consumption on cortical bone in aged rats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowlin, Julie Lee

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to determine bone chemistry and morphological parameters. The effects of alcohol consumption, the aging process and caloric restriction were examined after obtaining results from this experiment. From the results found, it is evident that alcohol does have a...

  18. Age effects in L2 acquisition: ultimate attainment at the syntax-morphology interface 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Komar, Paulina

    2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a selective overview of studies that have examined age effects in second language (L2) acquisition. The focus was on adult second language learners and the L2 ultimate attainment at syntax-interface morphology, with particular...

  19. Efficacy, national/international practices and motivational factors of lifelong driver education for the aging population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Israels, Richard (Richard Steven)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a society facing a significant increase in its aging population, older driver education/training is emerging as a potential solution to help seniors drive more safely, thus maintaining their mobility and quality of life. ...

  20. From Turbo2 to TurboWin For ages already, information about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koek, Frits

    From Turbo2 to TurboWin For ages already, information about the weather on board ships was re the operating sys- tem MsDOS and was called, suggesting a `speedy' character, Turbo2 (Turbo Transmission

  1. The Seattle Central Library: Civic Architecture in the Age of Media [Media and the City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Amy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    other more immersive digital media. In much of the rhetoricarchitecture in an age of digital media by using spatiallyutopia. In the world of digital media, as exempli?ed in

  2. Age and cross-cultural comparison of drivers' cognitive workload and performance in simulated urban driving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, J.

    Driving demands significant psychomotor attention and requires even more when drivers are engaged in secondary tasks that increase cognitive workload and divert attention. It is well established that age influences driving ...

  3. Self-esteem and life satisfaction of aged individuals with and without access to computer training 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Cindy Ann

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Research indicates that today?s aging population may obtain various benefits from using computer technology. These benefits include increased self-esteem, decreased depression, increased life satisfaction, and decreased loneliness; however, few...

  4. Examining Age-Related Use of Visual Imagery Subprocesses in Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Brittney

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the age-related ability of children (7 to 11 years) and adults to use visual imagery in tasks requiring the subprocesses of imagery generation, maintenance and inspection. Previous work had shown that young children...

  5. 2/14/14 10:42 AMCoursera Blog The Age of Sustainable Development from Jeff Sachs, Columbia University Page 1 of 3http://blog.coursera.org/post/70466942063/the-age-of-sustainable-development-from-jeff-sachs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2/14/14 10:42 AMCoursera Blog · The Age of Sustainable Development from Jeff Sachs, Columbia University Page 1 of 3http://blog.coursera.org/post/70466942063/the-age-of-sustainable-development-from-jeff-sachs About Partners Community Team Careers Press Blog The Age of Sustainable Development from Jeff Sachs

  6. The Effects of Healthy Aging on Recollection and Familiarity Components of Recognition Memory and Frontal Lobe Function 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Michelle F M

    2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    According to the dual-process hypothesis of memory and aging (DPHMA), aging is associated with a decline in recollection efficiency and a relative stability in familiarity based mechanisms. The current study was carried ...

  7. 21H.433 The Age of Reason: Europe in the 18th and 19th Centuries, Spring 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravel, Jeffrey S.

    Has there ever been an "Age of Reason?" In the western tradition, one might make claims for various moments during Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance. In this class, however, we will focus on the two and a ...

  8. Age- and diabetes-related nonenzymatic crosslinks in collagen fibrils: Candidate amino acids involved in Advanced Glycation End-products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautieri, Alfonso

    Ageing and diabetes share a common deleterious phenomenon, the formation of Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs), which accumulate predominantly in collagen due to its low turnover. Though the general picture of glycation ...

  9. The Impact of Age on Quantitative Infrared Pupillometry in Healthy Children 1-18 Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jacob

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    THE IMPACT OF AGE ON QUANTITATIVE INFRARED PUPILLOMETRY IN HEALTHY CHILDREN 1-18 YEARS BY JACOB TYLER BROWN PharmD, Creighton University School of Pharmacy, 2010 Submitted to the graduate degree program in Clinical Research... thesis: THE IMPACT OF AGE ON QUANTITATIVE INFRARED PUPILLOMETRY IN HEALTHY CHILDREN 1-18 YEARS _________________________________________ Chairperson Theresa I. Shireman, RPh, PhD Date approved: April 8, 2014...

  10. Age of Variscan magmatism from the Balkan sector of the orogen, central Bulgaria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Age of Variscan magmatism from the Balkan sector of the orogen, central Bulgaria Charles W in the Balkan sector of the Variscan orogen (Central Bulgaria) constrain the ages of magmatism to the interval granodiorite (304.6F4.0 Ma) from the Balkan Terrane, and the Smilovene (304.1F5.5 Ma) and Hisara (303.5F3.3 Ma

  11. Effects of changes of food type for different aged postlarval blue shrimp cultured in a raceway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morales, Helen Marie

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF CHANGES OF FOOD TYPE FOR DIFFERENT AGED POSTLARVAL BLUE SHRIMP CULTURED IN A RACEWAY A Thesis by HELEN MARIE MORALES Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major subject: wildlife and Fisheries sciences EFFECTS OF CHANGES OF FOOD TYPE FOR DIFFERENT AGED POSTLARVAL BLUE SHRIMP CULTURED IN A RACEWAY A Thesis by HELEN MARIE MORALES Approved as to style...

  12. Influence of age/size and grazing history on understory relationships of Ashe juniper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuhlendorf, Samuel Dean

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INFLUENCE OF AGE/SIZE AND GRAZING HISTORY ON UNDERSTORY RELATIONSHIPS OF ASHE JUNIPER A Thesis by SAMUEL DEAN FUHLENDORF Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major Subject: Rangeland Ecology and Management INFLUENCE OF AGE/SIZE AND GRAZING HISTORY ON UNDERSTORY RELATIONSHIPS OF ASHE JUNIPER A Thesis by SAMUEL DEAN FUHLENDORF Approved as to style and content by...

  13. Age, Growth, and Population Dynamics of Common Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) Along Coastal Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuenhoff, Rachel Dawn

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    and indicators of localized ecosystem health. Accurate characterization of population demography is crucial to parameter predictions. However, descriptions of age growth investigations of odontocetes are limited to the postnatal life. In contrast..., the modeled scenario for terrestrial mammalian growth has been described along a continuum of pre- and postnatal data. Few age distribution data exist for the western Gulf of Mexico despite the fact that life tables enable demographic comparisons among...

  14. Uranium-series comminution ages of continental sediments: Case study of a Pleistocene alluvial fan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Victoria E.; DePaolo, Donald J.; Christensen, John N.

    2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining quantitative information about the timescales associated with sediment transport, storage, and deposition in continental settings is important but challenging. The uranium-series comminution age method potentially provides a universal approach for direct dating of Quaternary detrital sediments, and can also provide estimates of the sediment transport and storage timescales. (The word"comminution" means"to reduce to powder," reflecting the start of the comminution age clock as reduction of lithic parent material below a critical grain size threshold of ~;;50 mu m.) To test the comminution age method as a means to date continental sediments, we applied the method to drill-core samples of the glacially-derived Kings River Fan alluvial deposits in central California. Sediments from the 45 m core have independently-estimated depositional ages of up to ~;;800 ka, based on paleomagnetism and correlations to nearby dated sediments. We characterized sequentially-leached core samples (both bulk sediment and grain size separates) for U, Nd, and Sr isotopes, grain size, surface texture, and mineralogy. In accordance with the comminution age model, where 234U is partially lost from small sediment grains due to alpha recoil, we found that (234U/238U) activity ratios generally decrease with age, depth, and specific surface area, with depletions of up to 9percent relative to radioactive equilibrium. The resulting calculated comminution ages are reasonable, although they do not exactly match age estimates from previous studies and also depend on assumptions about 234U loss rates. The results indicate that the method may be a significant addition to the sparse set of available tools for dating detrital continental sediments, following further refinement. Improving the accuracy of the method requires more advanced models or measurements for both the recoil loss factor fa and weathering effects. We discuss several independent methods for obtaining fa on individual samples that may be useful for future studies.

  15. Thermal Stability and Aging Characteristics of Chromate Conversion Coatings on Aluminum Alloy 2024-T3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Laget, V.; Jeffcoate, C.; Isaacs, H. S.; Buchheit, R. G.

    1999-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    XANES and electrochemical impedance spectroscopes were used in parallel to correlate the amount of Cr(VI) in chromate conversion coatings (CCC) on Al 2024 and their corrosion resistance in order to understand the degradation mechanisms upon aging or heating. Cr(VI) species appear to be immobilized for temperatures higher than 80 C due to dehydration. CCC are shown to be dynamic in the first month of aging with no significant dehydration. Another degradation mechanism involving chemical changes is to be considered.

  16. Delta ferrite-containing austenitic stainless steel resistant to the formation of undesirable phases upon aging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Leitnaker, James M. (Kingston, TN)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Austenitic stainless steel alloys containing delta ferrite, such as are used as weld deposits, are protected against the transformation of delta ferrite to sigma phase during aging by the presence of carbon plus nitrogen in a weight percent 0.015-0.030 times the volume percent ferrite present in the alloy. The formation of chi phase upon aging is controlled by controlling the Mo content.

  17. Effects of age, genotype and social rank on mating proficiency of beef bulls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Ronald Gregg

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF AGE, GENOTYPE AND SOCIAL RANK ON MATING PROFICIENCY OF BEEF BULLS A Thesis by RONALD GREGG SMITH Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1994 Major Subject: Animal Science EFFECTS OF AGE, GENOTYPE AND SOCIAL ~ ON MATING PROFICIENCY OF BEEF BULLS A Thesis by RONALD GREGG SMITH Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  18. Effect of age on vibration sensitivity and motor nerve conduction among females

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crumpton, Lesia LaWon

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF AGE ON VIBRATION SENSITIVITY AND MOTOR NERVE CONDUCTION AMONG FEMALES A Thesis by LES IA LA WON CRUMPTON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering EFFECT OF AGE ON VIBRATION SENS~ AND MOTOR NERVE CONDUCTION AlvIONG FEMALES A Thesis by LESIA LAWON CRUMPTON Approved as to style and content by: erome J. nglet (Chair...

  19. The digestibility of buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) genotypes as influenced by tiller type, age and season

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Tommy Lee

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE DIGESTIBILITY OF BUFFELGRASS (CENCHRUS CILIARIS L. ) GENOTYPES AS INFLUENCED BY TILLER TYPE, AGE AND SEASON A Thesis by TOMMY LEE THOMPSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1981 Major Subject: Agronomy THE DIGESTIBILITY OF BUFFELGRASS (CENCHRUS CILIARIS L. ) GENOTYPES AS INFLUENCED BY TILLER TYPE, AGE AND SEASON A Thesis by TOMMY LEE THOMPSON Approved as to style and content by: E...

  20. Aging mechanisms in the Westinghouse PWR (Pressurized Water Reactor) Control Rod Drive system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunther, W.; Sullivan, K.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An aging assessment of the Westinghouse Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) Control Rod System (CRD) has been completed as part of the US NRC's Nuclear Plant Aging Research, (NPAR) Program. This study examined the design, construction, maintenance, and operation of the system to determine its potential for degradation as the plant ages. Selected results from this study are presented in this paper. The operating experience data were evaluated to identify the predominant failure modes, causes, and effects. From our evaluation of the data, coupled with an assessment of the materials of construction and the operating environment, we conclude that the Westinghouse CRD system is subject to degradation which, if unchecked, could affect its safety function as a plant ages. Ways to detect and mitigate the effects of aging are included in this paper. The current maintenance for the control rod drive system at fifteen Westinghouse PWRs was obtained through a survey conducted in cooperation with EPRI and NUMARC. The results of the survey indicate that some plants have modified the system, replaced components, or expanded preventive maintenance. Several of these activities have effectively addressed the aging issue. 2 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. Bioavailability of freshly added and aged naphthalene in soils under gastric pH conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jin, Z.; Simkins, S.; Xing, B.

    1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bioavailability of hydrophobic organic chemicals decreases with aging in soil because of sequestration. However, assessments of the risk of exposure to contaminated soils are usually dependent on either chemical concentrations, which are measured using vigorous extraction methods, or models that assume an equilibrium without considering the actual conditions. The objective of this research was to determine the availability and desorption kinetics of freshly added and aged naphthalene from a peat and a mineral soil; naphthalene was desorbed into solutions with pH levels that approximate those found in different gastric regions. Soil and peat samples were spiked with radiolabeled and unlabeled naphthalene at 2 and 20 {micro}g/g and were aged from 0 to 135 d. Desorption kinetics were determined using a simulated stomach solution and a neutral solution that represented the pH of intestinal conditions and most soils. Peat sorbed much more naphthalene than did soil, and it allowed little desorption. Though both acidic and neutral extracting solutions could desorb naphthalene, little apparent effect of aging was observed in peat, whereas desorption from soil declined markedly with aging. In addition, the percentage of naphthalene that desorbed from soil was greater for the higher incubation concentration. The desorption of naphthalene from the peat and soil was higher into the neutral solution than into the gastric solution. These results suggest that aging, exposure conditions, concentration effect, and organic matter content should be taken into account in predictive models and risk assessments.

  2. Powertrain Component Inspection from Mid-Level Blends Vehicle Aging Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shoffner, Brent [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio; Johnson, Ryan [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio; Heimrich, Martin J. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio; Lochte, Michael [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 calls on the nation to significantly increase its use of renewable fuels to meet its transportation energy needs. The law expands the renewable fuel standard to require use of 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel by 2022. Given that ethanol is the most widely used renewable fuel in the U.S. market, ethanol will likely make up a significant portion of the 36-billion-gallon requirement. The vast majority of ethanol used in the United States is blended with gasoline to create E10-gasoline with up to 10% ethanol. The remaining ethanol is sold in the form of E85 - a gasoline blend with as much as 85% ethanol that can only be used in flexible-fuel vehicles (FFVs). Consumption of E85 is at present limited by both the size of the FFV fleet and the number of E85 fueling stations. Gasoline consumption in the United States is currently about 140 billion gallons per year; thus the maximum use of ethanol as E10 is only about 14 billion gallons. While the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) remains committed to expanding the E85 infrastructure, that market represented less than 1% of the ethanol consumed in 2010 and will not be able to absorb projected volumes of ethanol in the near term. Because of these factors, DOE and others have been assessing the viability of using mid-level ethanol blends (E15 or E20) as a way to accommodate growing volumes of ethanol. The DOE Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Test Program has been under way since 2007, supported jointly by the Office of the Biomass Program and the Vehicle Technologies Program. One of the larger projects, the Catalyst Durability Study, or Vehicle Aging Study, will be completed early in calendar year 2011. The following report describes a subproject of the Vehicle Aging Study in which powertrain components from 18 of the vehicles were examined at Southwest Research Institute under contract to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

  3. Postdoctoral Position Available October 1, 2014 The Center for Demography of Health and Aging (CDHA) at the University of Wisconsin-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Postdoctoral Position Available October 1, 2014 The Center for Demography of Health and Aging (CDHA) at the University of Wisconsin- Madison invites applications for a postdoctoral fellowship in the demography of aging and the life course, funded by the National Institute on Aging. The NIA postdoctoral fellowship

  4. TRENDS Working Paper 05-03 1 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shyy, Wei

    #12;TRENDS Working Paper 05-03 1 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993 Working Paper 05-03 2 Trends in Old-Age Functioning and Disability in Japan:1993-2002 Abstract Disability with those found in the US. Japan is an especially interesting country because its age structure

  5. Constant power cycling for accelerated ageing of supercapacitors Kreczanik Paul, Martin Christian, Venet Pascal, Clerc Guy, Rojat Gerard, Zitouni Younes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Constant power cycling for accelerated ageing of supercapacitors Kreczanik Paul, Martin Christian the competitive pole (Lyon Urban Truck and Bus 2015). Keywords «Supercapacitor», «Power cycling», «Lifetime», «Accelerated ageing», «Ageing law» Abstract This paper deals with the lifetime of supercapacitors used

  6. Active ageing, development of skills and Long-life Learning at work1 Catherine Delgoulet* & Jean-Caude Marqui**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    situations. Measures that come within an ergonomics framework are proposed. Introduction The ageing: social, economic & ergonomics challenges for ageing people at work", 10-12th of october, Burges (Belgium of life: social, economic & ergonomics challenges for ageing people at work", Bruges : Belgium (2010)" #12

  7. The effect of aging on smoke optical properties and scavenging characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Penner, J.E.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aging of smoke in dense smoke plumes is known to alter its size distribution and scavenging characteristics. In this paper, I review data pertaining to these processes and compare them to model simulations of the coagulation of smoke. Model simulations of the degree of smoke coagulation in the first few days after a nuclear war are summarized. The predicted size of smoke particles after several days of coagulation is found to be larger than that of any data pertaining to the absorption properties of smoke. Thus, it is suggested that more relevant data on the absorption properties of smoke is needed. I also review aging experiments pertaining to the number of cloud condensation nuclei in a smoke sample. I show that the fraction of smoke particles which act as CCN after aging depends on the number of particles initially present in the aging chamber. Smoke from an acetylene flame can quickly coagulate to sizes wherein nearly all of the particles act as CCN. On the other hand, only 10% of the smoke particles from an outdoor fire of gasoline and diesel fuel became CCN after 30 hours of aging. The development of CCN concentrations in this experiment may have been quenched by low initial concentrations in the aging chamber. Both experiments are consistent with particles as small as 0.08 micron in radius (and perhaps even smaller) acting as CCN. Model simulations of the coagulation of smoke particles above a large, intense fire show that coagulation would allow approximately 50% of the particles to become larger than 0.08 micron before the plume reaches cloud base. Furthermore, aging over several days time would transform nearly all the particles into the scavengable size range.

  8. Intergrated study of the Devonian-age black shales in eastern Ohio. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, J.D.; Struble, R.A.; Carlton, R.W.; Hodges, D.A.; Honeycutt, F.M.; Kingsbury, R.H.; Knapp, N.F.; Majchszak, F.L.; Stith, D.A.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This integrated study of the Devonian-age shales in eastern Ohio by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey is part of the Eastern Gas Shales Project sponsored by the US Department of Energy. The six areas of research included in the study are: (1) detailed stratigraphic mapping, (2) detailed structure mapping, (3) mineralogic and petrographic characterization, (4) geochemical characterization, (5) fracture trace and lineament analysis, and (6) a gas-show monitoring program. The data generated by the study provide a basis for assessing the most promising stratigraphic horizons for occurrences of natural gas within the Devonian shale sequence and the most favorable geographic areas of the state for natural gas exploration and should be useful in the planning and design of production-stimulation techniques. Four major radioactive units in the Devonian shale sequence are believed to be important source rocks and reservoir beds for natural gas. In order of potential for development as an unconventional gas resource, they are (1) lower and upper radioactive facies of the Huron Shale Member of the Ohio Shale, (2) upper Olentangy Shale (Rhinestreet facies equivalent), (3) Cleveland Shale Member of the Ohio Shale, and (4) lower Olentangy Shale (Marcellus facies equivalent). These primary exploration targets are recommended on the basis of areal distribution, net thickness of radioactive shale, shows of natural gas, and drilling depth to the radioactive unit. Fracture trends indicate prospective areas for Devonian shale reservoirs. Good geological prospects in the Devonian shales should be located where the fracture trends coincide with thick sequences of organic-rich highly radioactive shale.

  9. Aging and condition monitoring of electric cables in nuclear power plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lofaro, R.J.; Grove, E.; Soo, P.

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are a variety of environmental stressors in nuclear power plants that can influence the aging rate of components; these include elevated temperatures, high radiation fields, and humid conditions. Exposure to these stressors over long periods of time can cause degradation of components that may go undetected unless the aging mechanisms are identified and monitored. In some cases the degradation may be mitigated by maintenance or replacement. However, some components receive neither and are thus more susceptible to aging degradation, which might lead to failure. One class of components that falls in this category is electric cables. Cables are very often overlooked in aging analyses since they are passive components that require no maintenance. However, they are very important components since they provide power to safety related equipment and transmit signals to and from instruments and controls. This paper will look at the various aging mechanisms and failure modes associated with electric cables. Condition monitoring techniques that may be useful for monitoring degradation of cables will also be discussed.

  10. Modeled tephra ages from lake sediments, base of Redoubt Volcano, Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schiff, C J; Kaufman, D S; Wallace, K L; Werner, A; Ku, T L; Brown, T A

    2007-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A 5.6-m-long lake sediment core from Bear Lake, Alaska, located 22 km southeast of Redoubt Volcano, contains 67 tephra layers deposited over the last 8750 cal yr, comprising 15% of the total thickness of recovered sediment. Using 12 AMS {sup 14}C ages, along with the {sup 137}Cs and {sup 210}Pb activities of recent sediment, we evaluated different models to determine the age-depth relation of sediment, and to determine the age of each tephra deposit. The age model is based on a cubic smooth spline function that was passed through the adjusted tephra-free depth of each dated layer. The estimated age uncertainty of the 67 tephras averages {+-} 105 yr (1{sigma}). Tephra-fall frequency at Bear Lake was among the highest during the past 500 yr, with eight tephras deposited compared to an average of 3.7 per 500 yr over the last 8500 yr. Other periods of increased tephra fall occurred 2500-3500, 4500-5000, and 7000-7500 cal yr. Our record suggests that Bear Lake experienced extended periods (1000-2000 yr) of increased tephra fall separated by shorter periods (500-1000 yr) of apparent quiescence. The Bear Lake sediment core affords the most comprehensive tephrochronology from the base of the Redoubt Volcano to date, with an average tephra-fall frequency of once every 130 yr.

  11. Letter report: Population estimates by age, sex and race for 10-county study area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pittenger, D B

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hanford Environmental Does Reconstruction (HEDR) Project was established to estimate radiation doses that people could have received from nuclear operations at the Hanford Site since 1944. To identify groups that may have received doses, population estimates containing age, race, and sex detail for ten counties in Washington and Oregon for the years 1940 to 1980 were prepared by the Demographics Laboratory under a subcontract with the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). A data base of population information was developed from census reports and published and unpublished collections from the Washington State Office of Financial Management and Center for Population Research. Three estimation methods were then explored: the cohort-component model, cohort interpolation, and age-group interpolation. The estimates generated through cohort and age-group interpolation are considered adequate for initial use in the HEDR Project. Results are presented in two forms: (1) county populations by sex and single year of age and (2) county populations by sex and race for age groupings. These results are made available to the HEDR Project for further refinement into population estimates by county census divisions.

  12. Radiative ages in a representative sample of low luminosity radio galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Parma; M. Murgia; R. Morganti; A. Capetti; H. R. de Ruiter; R. Fanti

    1998-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Two frequency observations, mainly at 1.4 and 5 GHz from the VLA, have been used to study spectral variations along the lobes of some nearby low luminosity radio galaxies that constitute a representative sample selected from the B2 catalogue. The variations of the spectral index have been interpreted as being due to synchrotron and inverse Compton losses and characteristic spectral ages are deduced for the relativistic electrons. The radiative ages are in the range of several 10^7 years. These ages correlate well with the source sizes. They also appear to be consistent with dynamical ages determined from ram-pressure arguments, if we make reasonable assumptions about the ambient gas density and allow for very moderate deviations from the equipartition conditions. There appears to be a significant difference between the radiative ages of sources in our sample and those of more powerful 3CR radio sources. We briefly discuss the possibility of re-acceleration processes and indicate some objects where these may occur.

  13. Strain aging behavior of austenitic stainless steels containing strain induced martensite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rathbun, R.W.; Matlock, D.K.; Speer, J.G.

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transformation of austenite to martensite during deformation is widely used to strengthen metastable austenitic stainless steel grades. It has been reported that aging of cold worked material can result in further strength increases through the formation of additional martensite. Alternate interpretations of the effects of aging on the strength of stainless steels containing strain induced martensite may also be hypothesized. It is well known that plastically deformed ferritic steels can be strengthened by the diffusion of interstitial solute atoms (carbon and nitrogen) during aging at low temperatures. It is anticipated that plastically deformed metastable austenitic steels containing the body-centered martensite phase may also be strengthened in a similar manner. This assumption appears reasonable as martensitic steels, with low carbon content similar to the austenitic steels of interest, have been shown to exhibit aging effects similar to those observed in low carbon ferritic steels. Thus the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of time and temperature on the stress-strain behavior and strength of cold worked metastable 300 series stainless steels to determine the degree to which observed strength increases might be attributed to strain aging.

  14. Mechanical Testing of TR-55 Rubber Thermally Aged Under Tensile Strain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Small IV, W; Alviso, C T; Wilson, T S; Chinn, S C; Maxwell, R S

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    TR-55 rubber specimens were previously subjected to an aging process consisting of the application of a tensile strain of approximately 67%, 100%, 133%, or 167% elongation for 4, 8, 12, or 16 h at either 250 C or room temperature. Control specimens at the same temperatures/durations were not subjected to tensile strain. The specimens were allowed to recover at room temperature without external stimuli for over 100 days before tensile testing. A single dog bone was cut from each specimen and a stress-strain curve was obtained. The elastic modulus of each specimen was calculated. Specimens aged under tensile strain exhibited rubber-like behavior dependent on the aging elongation and duration. This behavior was not evident in the unstrained controls. For the unstrained controls, exposure to 250 C resulted in an increase in modulus relative to the unheated material independent of the heating duration. The tensile strain applied during the aging process caused a reduction in modulus relative to the controls; lower moduli were observed for the shorter aging durations. Slippage of the specimens in the grips prevented determination of ultimate strength, as all specimens either slipped completely out of the grip before failure or failed at the original grip edge after slipping.

  15. Testing of a naturally aged nuclear power plant inverter and battery charger

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gunther, W.E.

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A naturally aged inverter and battery charger were obtained from the Shippingport facility. This equipment was manufactured in 1974, and was installed at Shippingport in 1975 as part of a major plant modification. Testing was performed on this equipment under the auspices of the NRC's Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program to evaluate the type and extent of degradation due to aging, and to determine the effectiveness of condition monitoring techniques which could be used to detect aging effects. Steady state testing was conducted over the equipment's entire operating range. Step load changes were also initiated in order to monitor the electrical response. During this testing, component temperatures were monitored and circuit waveforms analyzed. Results indicated that aging had not substantially affected equipment operation. On the other hand, when compared with original acceptance test data, the monitoring techniques employed were sensitive to changes in measurable component and equipment parameters indicating the viability of detecting degradation prior to catastrophic failure. 7 refs., 34 figs., 12 tabs.

  16. Aging, Loss-of-Coolant Accident (LOCA), and high potential testing of damaged cables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vigil, R.A. [Science & Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Jacobus, M.J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments were conducted to assess the effects of high potential testing of cables and to assess the survivability of aged and damaged cables under Loss-of-Coolant Accident (LOCA) conditions. High potential testing at 240 Vdc/mil on undamaged cables suggested that no damage was incurred on the selected virgin cables. During aging and LOCA testing, Okonite ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) cables with a bonded jacket experienced unexpected failures. The failures appear to be primarily related to the level of thermal aging and the presence of a bonded jacket that ages more rapidly than the insulation. For Brand Rex crosslinked polyolefin (XLPO) cables, the results suggest that 7 mils of insulation remaining should give the cables a high probability of surviving accident exposure following aging. The voltage necessary to detect when 7 mils of insulation remain on unaged Brand Rex cables is approximately 35 kVdc. This voltage level would almost certainly be unacceptable to a utility for use as a damage assessment tool. However, additional tests indicated that a 35 kvdc voltage application would not damage virgin Brand Rex cables when tested in water. Although two damaged Rockbestos silicone rubber cables also failed during the accident test, no correlation between failures and level of damage was apparent.

  17. Performance testing of aged hydrogen getters against criteria for interim safe storage of plutonium bearing materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shepodd, Timothy J.; Nissen, April; Buffleben, George M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen getters were tested for use in storage of plutonium-bearing materials in accordance with DOE's Criteria for Interim Safe Storage of Plutonium Bearing Materials. The hydrogen getter HITOP was aged for 3 months at 70 C and tested under both recombination and hydrogenation conditions at 20 and 70 C; partially saturated and irradiated aged getter samples were also tested. The recombination reaction was found to be very fast and well above the required rate of 45 std. cc H2h. The gettering reaction, which is planned as the backup reaction in this deployment, is slower and may not meet the requirements alone. Pressure drop measurements and {sup 1}H NMR analyses support these conclusions. Although the experimental conditions do not exactly replicate the deployment conditions, the results of our conservative experiments are clear: the aged getter shows sufficient reactivity to maintain hydrogen concentrations below the flammability limit, between the minimum and maximum deployment temperatures, for three months. The flammability risk is further reduced by the removal of oxygen through the recombination reaction. Neither radiation exposure nor thermal aging sufficiently degrades the getter to be a concern. Future testing to evaluate performance for longer aging periods is in progress.

  18. NO2 Aging and Iodine Loading of Silver-Functionalized Aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patton, K K [ORNL; Bruffey, S H [ORNL; Walker, J F [ORNL; Jubin, R T [ORNL

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Off-gas treatment systems in used fuel reprocessing which use fixed-bed adsorbers are typically designed to operate for an extended period of time before replacement or regeneration of the adsorbent. During this time, the sorbent material will be exposed to the off-gas stream. Exposure could last for months, depending on the replacement cycle time. The gas stream will be at elevated temperature and will possibly contain a mixture of water vapor, NOx, nitric acid vapors, and a variety of other constituents in addition to the radionuclides of capture interest. A series of studies were undertaken to evaluate the effects of long-term exposure, or aging, on proposed iodine sorbent materials under increasingly harsh off-gas conditions. Previous studies have evaluated the effects of up to 6 months of aging under dry air and under humid air conditions on the iodine loading behavior of Ag0-functionalized aerogels. This study examines the effects of extended exposure (up to 6 months) to NO2 on the iodine loading capacity of Ag0- functionalized aerogels. Material aged for 1 and 2 months appeared to have a similar total loading capacity to fresh material. Over an aging period of 4 months, a loss of approximately 15% of the total iodine capacity was seen. The iodine capacity loss on silver-functionalized aerogels due to NO2 was smaller than the iodine capacity loss due to humid or dry air aging.

  19. Physical ageing studied by a device allowing for rapid thermal equilibration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niels Boye Olsen; Tina Hecksher; Kristine Niss; Jeppe C. Dyre

    2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Ageing of organic glasses to the equilibrium liquid state is studied by measuring the dielectric loss utilizing a microregulator where temperature is controlled by means of a Peltier element. Compared to conventional equipment the new device adds almost two orders of magnitude to the span of observable ageing times. Data for five organic glass-forming liquids are presented. The existence of an "inner clock" is confirmed by a model-free test showing that the ageing of structure is controlled by the same material time that controls the dielectric properties. At long times relaxation is not stretched, but simple exponential, and there is no "expansion gap" between the limits of the relaxation rates following up and down jumps to the same temperature.

  20. Prioritization of reactor control components susceptible to fire damage as a consequence of aging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowry, W.; Vigil, R. [Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Nowlen, S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fire Vulnerability of Aged Electrical Components Test Program is to identify and assess issues of plant aging that could lead to an increase in nuclear power plant risk because of fires. Historical component data and prior analyses are used to prioritize a list of components with respect to aging and fire vulnerability and the consequences of their failure on plant safety systems. The component list emphasizes safety system control components, but excludes cables, large equipment, and devices encompassed in the Equipment Qualification (EQ) program. The test program selected components identified in a utility survey and developed test and fire conditions necessary to maximize the effectiveness of the test program. Fire damage considerations were limited to purely thermal effects.

  1. Influence of aging on intergranular corrosion of a 25% chromium-5% nickel duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravindranath, K.; Malhotra, S.N. (Indian Inst. of Tech., Bombay (India). Dept. of Metallurgical Engineering)

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although duplex stainless steels (SS) exhibit good performance in many severe corrosive environments, their corrosion resistance can be hampered by precipitation of chromium (Cr)- and molybdenum (Mo)-rich phases during heat treatments. The influence of aging treatments on intergranular corrosion (IGC) of a commercial 25% Cr-5% nickel (Ni) duplex SS (UNS S32550) was studied. The SS was given aging treatments in the range 773 K to 1,173 K for durations from 6 min to 100 h. Microstructure study of the aged samples indicated the presence of various phases, among them [sigma], Cr-rich carbide, secondary austenite, [alpha][prime], and copper (Cu)-rich precipitate. The influence of these precipitated phases on IGC susceptibility of the SS was evaluated by the ferric sulfate (Fe[SO[sub 4

  2. Superheated-steam test of ethylene propylene rubber cables using a simultaneous aging and accident environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennett, P.R.; St. Clair, S.D.; Gilmore, T.W.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The superheated-steam test exposed different ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) cables and insulation specimens to simultaneous aging and a 21-day simultaneous accident environment. In addition, some insulation specimens were exposed to five different aging conditions prior to the 21-day simultaneous accident simulation. The purpose of this superheated-steam test (a follow-on to the saturated-steam tests (NUREG/CR-3538)) was to: (1) examine electrical degradation of different configurations of EPR cables; (2) investigate differences between using superheated-steam or saturated-steam at the start of an accident simulation; (3) determine whether the aging technique used in the saturated-steam test induced artificial degradation; and (4) identify the constituents in EPR that affect moisture absorption.

  3. Ozone induces glucose intolerance and systemic metabolic effects in young and aged brown Norway rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bass, V. [Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Gordon, C.J.; Jarema, K.A.; MacPhail, R.C. [Toxicity Assessment Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Cascio, W.E. [Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Phillips, P.M. [Toxicity Assessment Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Ledbetter, A.D.; Schladweiler, M.C. [Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Andrews, D. [Research Cores Unit, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Miller, D. [Curriculum in Toxicology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Doerfler, D.L. [Research Cores Unit, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Kodavanti, U.P., E-mail: kodavanti.urmila@epa.gov [Environmental Public Health Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. We hypothesized that ozone would impair glucose homeostasis by altering insulin signaling and/or endoplasmic reticular (ER) stress in young and aged rats. One, 4, 12, and 24 month old Brown Norway (BN) rats were exposed to air or ozone, 0.25 or 1.0 ppm, 6 h/day for 2 days (acute) or 2 d/week for 13 weeks (subchronic). Additionally, 4 month old rats were exposed to air or 1.0 ppm ozone, 6 h/day for 1 or 2 days (time-course). Glucose tolerance tests (GTT) were performed immediately after exposure. Serum and tissue biomarkers were analyzed 18 h after final ozone for acute and subchronic studies, and immediately after each day of exposure in the time-course study. Age-related glucose intolerance and increases in metabolic biomarkers were apparent at baseline. Acute ozone caused hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance in rats of all ages. Ozone-induced glucose intolerance was reduced in rats exposed for 13 weeks. Acute, but not subchronic ozone increased ?{sub 2}-macroglobulin, adiponectin and osteopontin. Time-course analysis indicated glucose intolerance at days 1 and 2 (2 > 1), and a recovery 18 h post ozone. Leptin increased day 1 and epinephrine at all times after ozone. Ozone tended to decrease phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-1 in liver and adipose tissues. ER stress appeared to be the consequence of ozone induced acute metabolic impairment since transcriptional markers of ER stress increased only after 2 days of ozone. In conclusion, acute ozone exposure induces marked systemic metabolic impairments in BN rats of all ages, likely through sympathetic stimulation. - Highlights: • Air pollutants have been associated with increased diabetes in humans. • Acute ozone exposure produces profound metabolic alterations in rats. • Age influences metabolic risk factors in aging BN rats. • Acute metabolic effects are reversible and repeated exposure reduces these effects. • Ozone metabolic effects are only slightly exacerbated in geriatric rats.

  4. FIFTH STATUS REPORT: TESTING OF AGED SOFTWOOD FIBERBOARD MATERIAL FOR THE 9975 SHIPPING PACKAGE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daugherty, W.; Skidmore, E.; Dunn, K.

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Samples have been prepared from a 9975 lower fiberboard subassembly fabricated from softwood fiberboard. Physical, mechanical and thermal properties have been measured following varying periods of conditioning in each of several environments. These tests have been conducted in the same manner as previous testing on cane fiberboard samples. Overall, similar aging trends are observed for softwood and cane fiberboard samples, with a few differences. Some softwood fiberboard properties tend to degrade faster in elevated humidity environments, while some cane fiberboard properties degrade faster in the hotter dry environments. As a result, it is premature to assume both materials will age at the same rates, and the preliminary aging models developed for cane fiberboard might not apply to softwood fiberboard. However, it is expected that both cane and softwood fiberboard assemblies will perform satisfactorily in conforming packages stored in a typical KAC storage environment for up to 15 years. Aging and testing of softwood fiberboard will continue and additional data will be collected. Additional samples will be added to each aging environment, to support development of an aging model specific to softwood fiberboard. Post-conditioning data have been measured on samples from a single softwood fiberboard assembly, and baseline data are also available from a limited number of vendor-provided samples. This provides minimal information on the possible sample-to-sample variation exhibited by softwood fiberboard. Data to date are generally consistent with the range seen in cane fiberboard, but some portions of the data trends are skewed toward the lower end of that range. Two additional softwood fiberboard source packages have been obtained and will begin to provide data on the range of variability of this material.

  5. Age and growth of black drum (Pogonias cromis Linneaus) from Galveston Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massey, Julie Kay

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) against t. The straightest line resulted from L = 640 mm. The growth coefficient, K, was the slope of the linear regression, ( 0. 27833) and was used to determine t (-0. 15617) . The best estimate of the equation describing theoretical growth was: 640...(1 e -0. 27833(tW. 15617)) t Standard lengths computed for ages 1 through 6 were: 176, 288, 374, 439, 488, and 525 nxs, respectively (Table 3). Table c allows comparisons of observed, back-calculated and theoretical standard lengths at each age...

  6. Regulation of Endothelial Phenotype in Rat Soleus Muscle Feed Arteries: Influence of Aging and Exercise Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trott, Daniel Wayne

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    arrival, rats were exercise trained (Ex) or remained sedentary (Sed) for 10-12 weeks. Thus, at the end of the training program, the ages of the young and old rats were 4-5 mo or 24-25 mo respectively. The resulting experimental design consisted... of four groups of rats: 1) young Sed (n = 10), 2) young Ex (n = 10), 3) old Sed (n = 10), and 4) old Ex (n = 10). To determine whether exogenous antioxidants produce exercise-like effects on aged SFA, a separate group of male Fischer 344 rats (4...

  7. Influence of aging time on porosity, morphology&structure of hexylene-bridged polysilsesouioxane gels.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loy, D. A. (Douglas A.); DeFriend, K. A. (Kimberly A.); Small, J. H. (James H.)

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hexylene-bridged polysilsesquioxanes are hybrid organic-inorganic materials prepared by the sol-gel polymerization of 1,6-bis(trimethoxysilyl)hexane monomer 1. Previous studies showed that high surface area xerogels could be prepared from 2 with base catalyzed polymerizations while non-porous xerogels could be prepared with acidic catalysts. However, these xerogels were obtained from gels that had been aged for two weeks. The object of this study was to ascertain the influences of aging time (3, 7, 14, 28, 42, and 56 days) on the properties of the resulting xerogels.

  8. Age, growth and condition of bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus Rafinesque, in four heated reservoirs in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serns, Steven Leo

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: Dr. Kirk Strawn Bluegill collected in four heated reservoirs in Texas (Lake Bastrop, Lake Nasworthy, North Lake and Lake Colorado City) were aged by scale-reading. Back-calculated length frequency... in the heated strata than the non-heated strata. Annuli could not be discerned on the scales of bluegill confined to the heated discharge-canal at Lake Colorado City. There was an inverse relationship between both age of the reservoir and megawatts per...

  9. INTERMEDIATE-AGE CLUSTERS IN A FIELD CONTAINING M31 AND M32 STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudenko, Pavlo; Worthey, Guy [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2814 (United States); Mateo, Mario [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 830 Dennison Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1042 (United States)], E-mail: rudenko@wsu.edu, E-mail: gworthey@wsu.edu, E-mail: mmateo@umich.edu

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys fields toward M31 and M32 were examined for the presence of possible star clusters. On the basis of stellar photometry, two intermediate-age clusters were found in the field that contains both M31 and M32 stars. One is approximately 200 Myr of age with a mass {approx}400 M {sub sun}, and the other is 1 Gyr old with mass {approx}8 x 10{sup 4} M {sub sun}. Several other cluster candidates are identified, but their stellar populations are more similar to the field: old and slightly metal-poor.

  10. Development of age of dam and sex adjustment factors for preweaning traits of Brangus cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravey, Matthew David

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    supplied on Brangus cattle enrolled in the BHIR by the IBBA. The data consisted of 103, 620 preweaning records from 1962 through 1988. Variables pertinent to the analyses were sire, age of dam, sex of calf, month of birth, year of birth, age at weaning... calf records reduced the data set size to approximately 55, 000 records. Further editing included records with birth weights less than 18. 14 kg and greater than 63. 50 kg, because calves outside of this weight range would be very rare or would...

  11. Physical measurements of the mohair fleece as related to age, location and season

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Howard Orrell

    1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REVIEW OF LITERATURE No research has been done in Texas since 1935 to de- termine the effects of age, season of shearing or loca- tion where grown on the physical fleece characteris- tics of the Angora goat. Lush and Jones (1924. ) and Jones et al.... (1935) reported results of detailed studies on the effect oi' age, fertility and sex, length and fineness of locks, clean weight of fleece and type of locks in mohair production. Due to many years of selec- tive breeding, it is probable that the type...

  12. Editorials and fiction in "The Craftsman Magazine" (1901-1916): mirror of an age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holm, Judith Stout

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EDITORIALS AND FICTION IN THE CRAFI'SMAN MAGAZINE (1901 ? 1916): MIRROR OF AN AGE A Thesis by JUDITH STOUT HOLM Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF ARTS December 1975 Major Subject: English EDITORIALS AND FICTION IN THE CRAFTSMAN MAGAZINE (1901 ? 1916): MIRROR OF AN AGE A Thesis by JUDITH STOUT HOLM Approved as to style and content by: t (Chairman of Committee) (He of D pa tment...

  13. The whole world had a case of the ice age shivers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerr, R.A.

    1993-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    There is now worldwide evidence of short-term increases in the earth's temperature during the last ice ages. This evidence comes from South American glaciers, Antarctic ice cores, and sediment cores from the tropical oceans, as well as Greenland ice cores. Researcher are unsure of the causes of these fluctuations. Some speculate a means for transmitting a climate signal from the North Atlantic to the rest of the world, while others look to some shorter-term version of the orbital variations that pace the cycle of the ice ages.

  14. Effect of age and concentration of sperm on conception rate and litter size in swine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licon Quintero, Mario Alberto

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF AGE AND CONCENTRATION OF SPERM ON CONCEPTION RATE AND LITTER SIZE IN SWINE A Thesis by MARIO ALBERTO LICON QQcd''C Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1971 MaJor SubJect: Physiology of Reproduction EFFECT OF AGE AND CONCENTRATION OF SPERM ON CONCEPTION RATE AND LITTER SIZE IN SWINE A Thesis MARIO ALBERTO LICON Approved. as to style and content by: Chairman...

  15. Aging of the ocean crust: Mid-Atlantic Ridge, 36? -37?N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quoidbach, Daniel Leon

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    further smectite, as well as phillipsite and calcite. Alteration intensity and type do not seem to vary with depth in any of the three holes. Alteration does not increase in intensity with age, but the rocks from Holes 334 and 558 experienced a fracture...) What are the alteration minerals present in the crust at each location, and what is their order of formation; 2) Does the type or sequence of alteration change with depth in the crust and/or with the age of the crust; and 3) What can be said about...

  16. Elliptic flow of $?$ and $?^{0}$ Mesons in Heavy-Ion Collisions at 2 AGeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Taranenko; A. Kugler; R. Pleskac; P. Tlusty; V. Wagner; H. Lohner; R. W. Ostendorf; R. H. Siemssen; P. H. Vogt; H. W. Wilschut; R. Averbeck; S. Hlavac; R. Holzmann; A. Schubert; R. S. Simon; R. Stratmann; F. Wissmann; Y. Charbonnier; G. Martinez; Y. Schutz; J. Diaz; A. Marin; A. Doppenschmidt; M. Appenheimer; V. Hejny; V. Metag; R. Novotny; H. Stroher; J. Weiss; A. R. Wolf; M. Wolf; TAPS Collaboration

    1999-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Azimuthal distributions of $\\eta$ and $\\pi^{0}$ mesons emitted at midrapidity in collisions of 1.9 AGeV $^{58}$Ni+$^{58}$Ni and 2 AGeV $^{40}$Ca+$^{nat}$Ca are studied as a function of the number of projectile-like spectator nucleons. The observed anisotropy corresponds to a negative elliptic flow signal for $\\eta$ mesons, indicating a preferred emission perpendicular to the reaction plane. In contrast, only small azimuthal anisotropies are observed for $\\pi^{0}$ mesons. This may indicate that $\\eta$ mesons freeze out earlier from the fire ball than pions.

  17. Azimuthal Anisotropy of $?$ and $?^{0}$ Mesons in Heavy-Ion Collisions at 2 AGeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Taranenko; A. Kugler; R. Pleskac; P. Tlusty; V. Wagner; H. Lohner; R. W. Ostendorf; R. H. Siemssen; P. H. Vogt; H. W. Wilschut; R. Averbeck; S. Hlavac; R. Holzmann; A. Schubert; R. S. Simon; R. Stratmann; F. Wissmann; Y. Charbonnier; G. Martinez; Y. Schutz; J. Diaz; A. Marin; A. Doppenschmidt; M. Appenheimer; V. Hejny; V. Metag; R. Novotny; H. Stroher; J. Weiss; A. R. Wolf; M. Wolf; TAPS Collaboration

    1999-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Azimuthal distributions of $\\eta$ and $\\pi^{0}$ mesons emitted at midrapidity in collisions of 1.9 AGeV $^{58}$Ni+$^{58}$Ni and 2 AGeV $^{40}$Ca+$^{nat}$Ca are studied as a function of the number of projectile-like spectator nucleons. The observed anisotropy corresponds to a negative elliptic flow signal for $\\eta$ mesons, indicating a preferred emission perpendicular to the reaction plane. The effect is smallest in peripheral Ni+Ni collisions. In contrast, for $\\pi^{0}$ mesons, elliptic flow is observed only in peripheral Ni+Ni collisions, changing from positive to negative sign with increasing pion transverse momentum.

  18. Aged asphalt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Kenneth Lloyd

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dorchester Asphalts Exxon Asphalts CONCLUSIONS RECOMMENDATIONS LITERATURE CITED APPENDIX 41 42 48 59 70 84 90 93 96 99 103 105 106 A. GEL PERMEATION CHROMATOGRAMS OF TEST ASPHALTS 108 B. FOURIER-TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTRUMS OF TEST... Apparatus 5. Abson Method Apparatus 6. ASTM D 2171 Apparatus 7. Sample Pellet Die 8. Sample Pellet Holder 21 23 27 29 38 40 9. GPC of Lufkin Exxon AC-20 Extracted by Two Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 10. GPC of Dickens Exxon AC-20 51...

  19. Age validation of canary rockfish (Sebastes pinniger) using two independent otolith techniques: lead-radium and bomb radiocarbon dating.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrews, A H; Kerr, L A; Cailliet, G M; Brown, T A; Lundstrom, C C; Stanley, R D

    2007-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Canary rockfish (Sebastes pinniger) have long been an important part of recreational and commercial rockfish fishing from southeast Alaska to southern California, but localized stock abundances have declined considerably. Based on age estimates from otoliths and other structures, lifespan estimates vary from about 20 years to over 80 years. For the purpose of monitoring stocks, age composition is routinely estimated by counting growth zones in otoliths; however, age estimation procedures and lifespan estimates remain largely unvalidated. Typical age validation techniques have limited application for canary rockfish because they are deep dwelling and may be long lived. In this study, the unaged otolith of the pair from fish aged at the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada was used in one of two age validation techniques: (1) lead-radium dating and (2) bomb radiocarbon ({sup 14}C) dating. Age estimate accuracy and the validity of age estimation procedures were validated based on the results from each technique. Lead-radium dating proved successful in determining a minimum estimate of lifespan was 53 years and provided support for age estimation procedures up to about 50-60 years. These findings were further supported by {Delta}{sup 14}C data, which indicated a minimum estimate of lifespan was 44 {+-} 3 years. Both techniques validate, to differing degrees, age estimation procedures and provide support for inferring that canary rockfish can live more than 80 years.

  20. Nuclear power plant cable materials : review of qualification and currently available aging data for margin assessments in cable performance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Celina, Mathias Christopher; Gillen, Kenneth Todd; Lindgren, Eric Richard

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A selective literature review was conducted to assess whether currently available accelerated aging and original qualification data could be used to establish operational margins for the continued use of cable insulation and jacketing materials in nuclear power plant environments. The materials are subject to chemical and physical degradation under extended radiationthermal- oxidative conditions. Of particular interest were the circumstances under which existing aging data could be used to predict whether aged materials should pass loss of coolant accident (LOCA) performance requirements. Original LOCA qualification testing usually involved accelerated aging simulations of the 40-year expected ambient aging conditions followed by a LOCA simulation. The accelerated aging simulations were conducted under rapid accelerated aging conditions that did not account for many of the known limitations in accelerated polymer aging and therefore did not correctly simulate actual aging conditions. These highly accelerated aging conditions resulted in insulation materials with mostlyinert' aging processes as well as jacket materials where oxidative damage dropped quickly away from the air-exposed outside jacket surface. Therefore, for most LOCA performance predictions, testing appears to have relied upon heterogeneous aging behavior with oxidation often limited to the exterior of the cable cross-section - a situation which is not comparable with the nearly homogenous oxidative aging that will occur over decades under low dose rate and low temperature plant conditions. The historical aging conditions are therefore insufficient to determine with reasonable confidence the remaining operational margins for these materials. This does not necessarily imply that the existing 40-year-old materials would fail if LOCA conditions occurred, but rather that unambiguous statements about the current aging state and anticipated LOCA performance cannot be provided based on original qualification testing data alone. The non-availability of conclusive predictions for the aging conditions of 40-year-old cables implies that the same levels of uncertainty will remain for any re-qualification or extended operation of these cables. The highly variable aging behavior of the range of materials employed also implies that simple, standardized aging tests are not sufficient to provide the required aging data and performance predictions for all materials. It is recommended that focused studies be conducted that would yield the material aging parameters needed to predict aging behaviors under low dose, low temperature plant equivalent conditions and that appropriately aged specimens be prepared that would mimic oxidatively-aged 40- to 60- year-old materials for confirmatory LOCA performance testing. This study concludes that it is not sufficient to expose materials to rapid, high radiation and high temperature levels with subsequent LOCA qualification testing in order to predictively quantify safety margins of existing infrastructure with regard to LOCA performance. We need to better understand how cable jacketing and insulation materials have degraded over decades of power plant operation and how this aging history relates to service life prediction and the performance of existing equipment to withstand a LOCA situation.

  1. conStruction MAnAgeMent College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    conStruction MAnAgeMent College of Rural and Community Development Community and Technical College The construction management program meets growing needs in the con- struction industry by training entry-level construction managers and by providing continuing education for construction employees. Construction managers

  2. Dynamic particle tracking reveals the ageing temperature of a colloidal glass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    LETTERS Dynamic particle tracking reveals the ageing temperature of a colloidal glass PING WANG.1038/nphys366 T he glass transition1 is considered to be one of the most fundamental problems in statistical for the large variety of glass systems is lacking2,3 --partly because of difficulties encountered

  3. The age of reason for FDG PET image derived indices Dimitris Visvikis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The age of reason for FDG PET image derived indices Dimitris Visvikis1 , Mathieu Hatt1 , Florent, CHU Milétrie, Poitiers, France Keywords: image derived parameters, 18F-FDG-PET, prediction, prognosis : 10.1007/s00259-012-2239-0 #12;The clinical use of Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging using

  4. Alan Turing, at age 35, about the time he wrote "Intelligent Machinery"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robins, Gabriel

    Alan Turing, at age 35, about the time he wrote "Intelligent Machinery" Copyright 1998 Scientific American, Inc. #12;Alan Turing's Forgotten Ideas in Computer Science Scientific American April 1999 99 Alan anticipated neural-network computers and "hypercomputation" by B. Jack Copeland and Diane Proudfoot AlanTuring

  5. Age, gender, and breed as risk factors for acute and chronic equine laminitis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alford, Patricia Lee

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and time of diagnosis. The 90% of case-control pairs (78 acute, 155 chronic) having complete data for age, gender, and breed were used in separate conditional logistic recession models for acute and chronic laminitis. The odds ratio was calculated...

  6. Summary Report of Cable Aging and Performance Data for Fiscal Year 2014.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Celina, Mathias C.; Celina, Mathias C.; Redline, Erica Marie; Redline, Erica Marie; Bernstein, Robert; Bernstein, Robert; Quintana, Adam; Quintana, Adam; Giron, Nicholas Henry; Giron, Nicholas Henry; White II, Gregory Von; White II, Gregory Von

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program, science - based engineering approaches were employed to address cable degradation behavior under a range of exposure environments. Experiments were conducted with the goal to provide best guidance for aged material states, remaining life and expected performance under specific conditions for a range of cable materials. Generic engineering tests , which focus on rapid accelerated aging and tensile elongation , were combined with complementar y methods from polymer degradation science. Sandia's approach, building on previous years' efforts, enabled the generation of some of the necessary data supporting the development of improved lifetime predictions models, which incorporate known material b ehaviors and feedback from field - returned 'aged' cable materials. Oxidation rate measurements have provided access to material behavior under low dose rate thermal conditions, where slow degradation is not apparent in mechanical property changes. Such da ta have shown aging kinetics consistent with established radiati on - thermal degradation models. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We gratefully acknowledge ongoing technical support at the LICA facility and extensive sample handling provided by Maryla Wasiolek and Don Hans on. Sam Durbin and Patrick Mattie are recognized for valuable guidance throughout the year and assistance in the preparation of the final report. Doug Brunson is appreciated for sample analysis, compilation and plotting of experimental data.

  7. Impact of hydroxypropylguars on the early age hydration1 of portland cement2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impact of hydroxypropylguars on the early age hydration1 of portland cement2 3 4 Thomas Poinot: govin@emse.fr12 hal-00758284,version1-29Nov2012 Author manuscript, published in "Cement and Concrete on cement hydration was investigated in order to improve17 understanding on the delayed effect induced

  8. Impact of hydroxypropylguars on the early age hydration1 of portland cement2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Impact of hydroxypropylguars on the early age hydration1 of portland cement2 3 4 Thomas Poinot: govin@emse.fr12 hal-00758284,version2-15Feb2013 Author manuscript, published in "Cement and Concrete on cement hydration was investigated in order to improve17 understanding on the delayed effect induced

  9. Towards an ageing model of a PEMFC for prognostics purpose Elodie Lechartier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ; Ageing 1. Introduction With the actual preoccupation about the global warming, the development on an electrical equivalence; on which different internal components can be distinguished. This model is expressed alternative. However, the PEMFC is limited by the production and the storage of dihydrogen, and also by its

  10. Lifetime Reliability Assessment with Aging Information from Low-Level Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanov, Georgi

    . As a conse- quence, Dynamic Reliability Management (DRM) becomes an essential approach to assure IC sensors are designed to replicate the NBTI stress of a device in the critical paths (CPs) or potential critical paths (PCPs), such that the aging status (i.e., delay shift) of CPs and PCPs can be estimated from

  11. The effect of age on fibre digestion in the rabbit I. G. PARTRIDGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The effect of age on fibre digestion in the rabbit I. G. PARTRIDGE The Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn, Aberdeen AB2 9SB (Great Britain) The ability of the commerclal meat rabbit to digest dietary /kg DM (diet A) and 226 g ADF/kg (diet B). There was no apparent improvement in the DM digestibility

  12. Gas & Stars Aging low-mass stars eject their outer layers.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, Joshua Edward

    Recycling Gas & Stars #12;Aging low-mass stars eject their outer layers. M57:The Ring Nebula #12;Thor's Emerald Helmet Winds from high-mass stars blow bubbles of hot gas. #12;Supernova blast waves in stars are mixed back into the gas. NGC 6992: Filaments of theVeil Nebula #12;Bubbles blown by high

  13. Cooling rate, heating rate, and aging effects in glassy water Nicolas Giovambattista,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sciortino, Francesco

    be glassified by cooling using hyper- quenching techniques (i.e., with rates of the order of 105 K/s [8Cooling rate, heating rate, and aging effects in glassy water Nicolas Giovambattista,1 H. Eugene of water molecules during the process of generating a glass by cooling, and during the process

  14. Keynote Paper, Shah, Page 1/13 HEALTH MONITORING OF EARLY AGE CONCRETE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    relationship to the actual concrete in the structure. This calls for nondestructive test methods that offer potential for the application of nondestructive testing of concrete under field conditions. The resultsKeynote Paper, Shah, Page 1/13 HEALTH MONITORING OF EARLY AGE CONCRETE Thomas Voigt, Zhihui Sun

  15. 9. Driver's Age 13. Driver's Date of Birth 14. Driver's Social Security Number 19. Driver's Telephone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    of Accident (city, state; if on a highway, give number and nearest community) DRIVER INFORMATION OTHER VEHICLE OR PROPERTY Occupied Unoccupied 17. Driver's Age VEHICLE OPERATED BY UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEE Occupied Unoccupied 8. Driver's Name 16. Driver's Name TRUMAN STATE UNIVERSITY VEHICLE ACCIDENT REPORT NAME AND ADDRESS AREA

  16. Author's personal copy ReOs depositional age for Archean carbonaceous slates from the southwestern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bekker, Andrey

    Author's personal copy Re­Os depositional age for Archean carbonaceous slates from the southwestern sedimentary rocks. Carbonaceous slates are intercalated with graywackes and mafic tuffs of the Joy Lake is not significantly affected. Notably, the slates in DH26506 which yield the negative Osi are intercalated

  17. Investigation of elevated temperature aging effects on lithium-ion cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JUNGST,RUDOLPH G.; NAGASUBRAMANIAN,GANESAN; INGERSOLL,DAVID

    2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical and chemical measurements have been made on 18650-size lithium-ion cells that have been exposed to calendar and cycle life aging at temperatures up to 70 C. Aging times ranged from 2 weeks at the highest temperature to several months under more moderate conditions. After aging, the impedance behavior of the cells was reversed from that found originally, with lower impedance at low state of charge and the total impedance was significantly increased. Investigations using a reference electrode showed that these changes are primarily due to the behavior of the cathode. Measurements of cell impedance as a function of cell voltage reveal a pronounced minimum in the total impedance at approximately 40--50% state-of-charge (SOC). Chemical analysis data are presented to support the SOC assignments for aged and unaged cells. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) data have been recorded at several intermediate states of charge to construct the impedance vs. open circuit voltage curve for the cell. This information has not previously been available for the LiNi{sub 0.85}Co{sub 0.15}O{sub 2} cathode material. Structural and chemical analysis information obtained from cell components removed during postmortems will also be discussed in order to reveal the true state of charge of the cathode and to develop a more complete lithium inventory for the cell.

  18. LENGTH-WEIGHT RELATIONSHIP, FOOD HABITS, PARASITES, AND SEX AND AGE DETERMINATION OF THE RATFISH,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    from Cape Arago. EYi!-lens weights (wet and dry), vertebral radii, basal sections of the dorsal spine and left pectoral fin, and body-length frequencies were studied, but no accurate method of age and Wilby, 1961). Ratfish are an important source of food for such commercial fishes as soupfin sharks

  19. The effects of lime and amines on the aging of asphalts and recycling agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisneski, Mary Luvola

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    amounts of quick lime (CaO) and hydrated lime (Ca(OH),) on SHRP AAA-I and SHRP AAF-1. The second experiment was to determine the effects of three different amines and various amounts of CaO on aged SHRP AAA-I and SHRP AAF-I rejuvenated with ABM-F2, YBF-F2...

  20. Effects of main-sequence mass loss on the turnoff ages of globular clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guzik, J.A.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Willson, Bowen, and Struck-Marcell have proposed that globular cluster main-sequence turnoff ages can be reconciled with the lower ages of the Galaxy and universe deduced from other methods by incorporating an epoch of early main-sequence mass-loss by stars of spectral types A through early-F. The proposed mass loss is pulsation-driven, and facilitated by rapid rotation. This paper presents stellar evolution calculations of Pop. II (Z = 0.001) mass-losing stars of initial mass 0.8 to 1.6 M/sub /circle dot//, with exponentially-decreasing mass loss rates of e-folding times 0.5 to 2.0 Gyr, evolving to a final mass of 0.7 M/sub /circle dot//. The calculations indicate that a globular cluster with apparent turnoff age 18 Gyr could have an actual age as low as /approximately/12 Gyr. Observational implications that may help to verify the hypothesis, e.g. low C/N abundance ratios among red giants following first dredge-up, blue stragglers, red giant deficiencies, and signatures in cluster mass/luminosity functions, are also discussed.25 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.