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1

Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aging Name: davida Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: What causes aging to occur? Replies: A deep and far-reaching question Aging is...

2

.. — AGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161This document is disseminated under the sponsorship of the Department of Transportation in the interest of information exchange. The United States Government assumes no liability for its contents or use thereof. * x.. 2.Gowrnmeti Aecn-io ” Mo. TPPUMICAI..... RFPOUTS. TANOARDTITIEP

V. A. Orlando; P. R. Drouilhet; Petitmins Orptiztion Mamandaddru; Proj Tqo; S-r Ag*mcv Mwoamrw

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Aging gene  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aging gene Name: Linda S Martinez Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Have the aging gene or genes been located on the human chromosomes, and, if yes, will removing that...

4

Aging gauge  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An aging gauge comprising a container having a fixed or a variable sized t opening with a cap which can be opened to control the sublimation rate of a thermally sublimational material contained within the container. In use, the aging gauge is stored with an item to determine total heat the item is subjected to and also the maximum temperature to which the item has been exposed. The aging gauge container contains a thermally sublimational material such as naphthalene or similar material which has a low sublimation rate over the temperature range from about 70.degree. F. to about 160.degree. F. The aging products determined by analyses of a like item aged along with the aging gauge for which the sublimation amount is determined is employed to establish a calibration curve for future aging evaluation. The aging gauge is provided with a means for determining the maximum temperature exposure (i.e., a thermally indicating material which gives an irreversible color change, Thermocolor pigment). Because of the relationship of doubling reaction rates for increases of 10.degree. C., equivalency of item used in accelerated aging evaluation can be obtained by referring to a calibration curve depicting storage temperature on the abscissa scale and multiplier on the ordinate scale.

Betts, Robert E. (Huntsville, AL); Crawford, John F. (Huntsville, AL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Aging, Generations, and the Development of Partisan Polarization in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alwin, Duane F. 1994. "Aging, Personality, and SocialDuane F. Alwin. 1989. "Aging and Susceptibility to AttitudeAging, Generations, and the Development of Partisan

Stoker, Laura; Jennings, M. Kent

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Aging in American Convents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schuster. Snowdon, David 2001 Aging with Grace: What the Nunreligion, devotion, and aging. CSW JAN09 update tocAging in American Convents FIELDWORK REPORT by Anna I.

Corwin, Anna I.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Nuclear power plant performance assessment pertaining to plant aging in France and the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of aging on nuclear power plant performance has come under increased scrutiny in recent years. The approaches used to make an assessment of this effect strongly influence the economics of nuclear power plant ...

Guyer, Brittany (Brittany Leigh)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Thoughts on Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impetus of writing about aging came the other day afterMagnetic Resonance Thoughts on Aging George Feher Received:at Springerlink.com When we, aging scientists, fade away and

Feher, George

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Invited Article Aging male  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Now a day, tremendous development of medicine, change of living environment, housing accommodation computer have led to extension of human life expectancy. The population of 60 years old up will increase from 328 millions in years 1990 to 828 millions by years 2020 (united nation, 2001). In Thailand, the aged population will reach 7.6 millions by the year 2010 (11.4 % of total population). In aging male, the incidence of many non communicable diseases is increasing such as metabolic syndrome (DM, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity), coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and disease of endothelial dysfunction. At the same time, the gradual decrease of several hormones, for instance, growth hormone, sex hormone, thyroid hormone; etc, also lead to hormonal imbalance which contributes to

Assoc Prof; Dr. Chanvit Kotheeranurak

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Solutioning and Aging Behaviours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 13, 2012 ... Aluminum Alloys: Fabrication, Characterization and Applications: Solutioning and Aging Behaviours Sponsored by: The Minerals, Metals and ...

11

Solutioning and Aging Behaviors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aluminum Alloys: Development, Characterization and Applications: Solutioning and Aging Behaviors Sponsored by: TMS Light Metals Division, TMS: Aluminum

12

Aging of SRC liquids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The viscosity of SRC?LL liquid increases when subjected to accelerated aging by bubbling oxygen in the presence of copper strip at 62°C. Precipitates are formed and can be separated from the aged liquid by Soxhlet extraction with pentane. A 30?70 blend of SRC?I with SRC?LL was subjected to oxygen aging in the absence of copper

T. Hara; L. Jones; K. C. Tewari; N. C. Li

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Determining age of whales  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining age of whales Determining age of whales Name: Bruce W Walkey Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: While browsing through the Internet, I came upon a question by two fifth grade students. Their question got me thinking and now I pose it to you. How can you determine the age of whales? Since they are mammals, can the methods that are used on humans be used on whales? What are some tests that can be done on bones or tissues to determine age? Looking forward to your reply. Replies: Although it is difficult to determine the age of whales (unless they are born in captivity and we know their birth date), several methods have been commonly used: 1) (if female) the examination of the ovaries 2) Examination of the ridges on baleen, which are not uniform in size and analogous to tree rings. The problem with this is that baleen wears away over time. 3) Studying layers of ossification in an ear bone is probably the most accurate method of aging, since internal bones don't wear away. The biggest problem with aging methods is that they usually require that you are dissecting the animal, and often, we would like a method of aging for live active animals. The best we can do here is to compare the size and markings of whales of known age to those found in the wild. Great question!

14

Aging Matters What's Inside  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging Matters What's Inside Letter from the dean PSU winS Carter award artiSan eConomy eLi BUi and Public affairs 2008 fall newsletter www.pdx.edu/cupa aGinG is a modern fact of life. In 2006 the world's population of adults aged 60 or over was 650 million. By 2025 that number will nearly double. By 2050

Bertini, Robert L.

15

Materials Degradation and Aging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 28, 2007 ... Improve plant capacity, reliability, and availability. Materials Degradation and Aging - An EPRI Nuclear Power Action Plan, Report No.

16

Melatonin and the aging brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

mitochondrial decay of aging. Mol. Aspects Med. 26, Ames,the degenerative diseases of aging. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.2004. Retardation of brain aging by chronic treatment with

BONDY, S; SHARMAN, E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Aging and Holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging phenomena are examples of `non-equilibrium criticality' and can be exemplified by systems with Galilean and scaling symmetries but no time translation invariance. We realize aging holographically using a deformation of a non-relativistic version of gauge/gravity duality. Correlation functions of scalar operators are computed using holographic real-time techniques, and agree with field theory expectations. At least in this setup, general aging phenomena are reproduced holographically by complexifying the bulk space-time geometry, even in Lorentzian signature.

Juan I. Jottar; Robert G. Leigh; Djordje Minic; Leopoldo A. Pando Zayas

2010-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

18

Finite Temperature Aging Holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct the gravity background which describes the dual field theory with aging invariance. We choose the decay modes of the bulk scalar field in the internal spectator direction to obtain the dissipative behavior of the boundary correlation functions of the dual scalar fields. In particular, the two-time correlation function at zero temperature has the characteristic features of the aging system: power law decay, broken time translation and dynamical scaling. We also construct the black hole backgrounds with asymptotic aging invariance. We extensively study characteristic behavior of the finite temperature two-point correlation function via analytic and numerical methods.

Seungjoon Hyun; Jaehoon Jeong; Bom Soo Kim

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

19

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A technique has been developed to determine the Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Age which is defined as the time since the HEU was produced in an enrichment process. The HEU age is determined from the ratios of relevant uranium parents and their daughters viz {sup 230}Th/{sup 234}U and {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U. Uranium isotopes are quantitatively measured by their characteristic gammas and their daughters by alpha spectroscopy. In some of the samples where HEU is enriched more than 99%, the only mode of HEU age determination is by the measurement of {sup 231}Pa since there is negligible quantity of {sup 230}Th due to very low atom concentrations of {sup 234}U in the sample. In this paper we have presented data and methodology of finding the age of two HEU samples.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Speech understanding and aging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing age of the population forecasts a corresponding increase in the number of people suffering from hearing loss and who therefore have difficulty with speech communication. This article

Working Group on Speech Understanding and Aging

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A new technique has been developed to determine the age of highly enriched uranium (HEU) in solids. Uranium age is defined as the time since the uranium-containing material was last subjected to a process capable of separating uranium from its radioactive-decay daughters. [Most chemical processing, uranium enrichment, volatilization processes, and phase transformations (especially relevant for uranium hexafluoride) can result in separation of the uranium parent material from the decay-product daughters.] Determination of the uranium age, as defined here, may be relevant in verifying arms-control agreements involving uranium-containing nuclear weapons. The HEU age is determined from the ratios of relevant uranium daughter isotopes and their parents, viz {sup 230}Th/{sup 234}U and {sup 231}Pa/{sup 235}U. Uranium isotopes are quantitatively measured by their characteristic gamma rays and their daughters by alpha spectroscopy. In some of the samples, where HEU is enriched more than 99%, the only mode of HEU age determination is by the measurement of {sup 231}Pa since there is negligible quantity of {sup 230}Th due to very low atom concentrations of {sup 234}U in the samples. In this report the methodology and the data for determining the age of two HEU samples are presented.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Aging and PBX 9502  

SciTech Connect

Components made from PBX 9502, an insensitive high explosive formulated with triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB) and Kel-F 800 binder, have been in service for nearly two decades. Since that time, samples have been destructively evaluated to determine if potential changes that might affect safety, reliability, or performance have occurred in the high explosive with time. Data from routine, historical testing is reported elsewhere. This paper focuses on specific tests conducted to evaluate the effects of natural aging on handling sensitivity (through the small-scale tests of Human Electrostatic Discharge, friction, and Drop Weight Impact), compressive strength, and thermal ignition. Also reported are the effects of a radiation environment on TATB. Small-scale sensitivity tests show no differences between aged and unaged material. Observed differences in compressive strength behavior are attributed to conditions of original material rather than aging effects. Thermal ignition by flame and laser methods showed no changes between aged and unaged material. Extreme levels of radiation are shown to have only minimal effects in explosive response tests. PBX 9502 is concluded, once again, to be a very stable material, aging gracefully.

Skidmore, C.B.; Idar, D.J.; Buntain, G.A.; Son, S.F.; Sander, R.K.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

23

HEU age determination  

SciTech Connect

A criteria that a sample of highly enriched uranium (HEU) had come from a weapons stockpile and not newly produced in an enrichment plant is to show that the HEU had been produced a significant time in the past. The time since the HEU has produced in an enrichment plant is defined as the age of the HEU in this paper. The HEU age is determined by measuring quantitatively the daughter products {sup 230}Th and {sup 231}Pa of {sup 234}U and {sup 235}U, respectively, by first chemical separation of the thorium and protactinium and then conducting alpha spectrometry of the daughter products.

Moorthy, A.R.; Kato, W.Y.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

Aging in fragile X syndrome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

intensified the need for aging studies in FXS. Approximatelywe have surveyed all of the aging patients with FXS that wemedical complications of aging seen in those with FXS. Data

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Aging in community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Baby Boomers are on the brink of retirement. According to U.S. Census Bureau projections, the number of people aged 65 and over will more than double in the coming decades, growing from 35 million in 2000 to 72 million in ...

Fay, Justin (Justin Thomas)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

3, 435467, 2007 Gas age-ice age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the ice phase (using volcanic horizons) and in the gas phase (using rapid methane variations). We useCPD 3, 435­467, 2007 Gas age-ice age differences along the EPICA cores L. Loulergue et al. Title of the Past New constraints on the gas age-ice age difference along the EPICA ice cores, 0­50 kyr L. Loulergue

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

27

Automatic Age Estimation Based on Facial Aging Patterns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—While recognition of most facial variations, such as identity, expression, and gender, has been extensively studied, automatic age estimation has rarely been explored. In contrast to other facial variations, aging variation presents several unique characteristics which make age estimation a challenging task. This paper proposes an automatic age estimation method named AGES (AGing pattErn Subspace). The basic idea is to model the aging pattern, which is defined as the sequence of a particular individual’s face images sorted in time order, by constructing a representative subspace. The proper aging pattern for a previously unseen face image is determined by the projection in the subspace that can reconstruct the face image with minimum reconstruction error, while the position of the face image in that aging pattern will then indicate its age. In the experiments, AGES and its variants are compared with the limited existing age estimation methods (WAS and AAS) and some well-established classification methods (kNN, BP, C4.5, and SVM). Moreover, a comparison with human perception ability on age is conducted. It is interesting to note that the performance of AGES is not only significantly better than that of all the other algorithms, but also comparable to that of the human observers. Index Terms—Computer vision, pattern recognition, machine learning, face and gesture recognition, age estimation. 1

Xin Geng; Zhi-hua Zhou; Senior Member; Kate Smith-miles; Senior Member

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

The Age of the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Globular clusters are the oldest objects in the Galaxy whose age may be accurately determined. As such globular cluster ages provide the best estimate for the age of the universe. The age of a globular cluster is determined by a comparison between theoretical stellar evolution models and observational data. Current uncertainties in the stellar models and age dating process are discussed in detail. The best estimate for the absolute age of the globular clusters is $14.6\\pm 1.7\\,$Gyr. The one-sided, 95\\% confidence limit on the lower age of the universe is $12.2\\,$Gyr.

Brian Chaboyer

1996-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

29

Aging and the labor market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of three essays analyzing the interplay between aging and the labor market. The first chapter demonstrates that differential treatment by age exists in labor markets and explores different ...

Lahey, Joanna

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Age identity, gender, and perceptions of decline: Does feeling older lead to pessimistic dispositions about cognitive aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objectives. Drawing on past studies of age identity, this article examined whether feeling older was associated with more pessimistic views about cognitive aging. Methods. Using respondents aged 55 years and older in the Midlife Development in the United States study, we estimated a series of linear regression models to predict people ’ s dispositions toward their cognitive aging. The main comparison is whether the effects of age identity on cognitive aging differ for men and women. Results. Beyond the effects of chronological age, older age identities were associated with more pessimistic dispositions about cognitive aging. This relationship, however, was found only among women. Discussion. Age identity shapes cognitive aging dispositions, though the gendered nature of this relationship remains somewhat unclear. The findings give further evidence about the far-reaching implications of age identity for successful aging and suggest that future work can explicate how subjective aging processes may differ by gender.

Markus H. Schafer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Aging and functional brain networks  

SciTech Connect

Aging is associated with changes in human brain anatomy and function and cognitive decline. Recent studies suggest the aging decline of major functional connectivity hubs in the 'default-mode' network (DMN). Aging effects on other networks, however, are largely unknown. We hypothesized that aging would be associated with a decline of short- and long-range functional connectivity density (FCD) hubs in the DMN. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated resting-state data sets corresponding to 913 healthy subjects from a public magnetic resonance imaging database using functional connectivity density mapping (FCDM), a voxelwise and data-driven approach, together with parallel computing. Aging was associated with pronounced long-range FCD decreases in DMN and dorsal attention network (DAN) and with increases in somatosensory and subcortical networks. Aging effects in these networks were stronger for long-range than for short-range FCD and were also detected at the level of the main functional hubs. Females had higher short- and long-range FCD in DMN and lower FCD in the somatosensory network than males, but the gender by age interaction effects were not significant for any of the networks or hubs. These findings suggest that long-range connections may be more vulnerable to aging effects than short-range connections and that, in addition to the DMN, the DAN is also sensitive to aging effects, which could underlie the deterioration of attention processes that occurs with aging.

Tomasi D.; Tomasi, D.; Volkow, N.D.

2011-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

32

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ohio CRRC, Arizona CRRC, Florida CRRC, Ohio 6 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Approach: develop accelerated aging method Accelerated soiling (atmospheric...

33

Understanding aging issues in Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study used combined methods of observations, interviews and document analysis to understand issues related to aging in Indonesia. The study describes relevant policy and… (more)

Napsiyah, Siti.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Aging of Accreted Ice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of annealing in accreted ice has been investigated for artificially grown ice deposits after 100 days of storage in a deep freeze unit. Cross sections of the cylindrical deposits have been cut and replicated soon after growth and ...

F. Prodi; L. Levi

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Compare Activities by Building Age  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Activities by Building Age Activities by Building Age Compare Activities by ... Building Age Median Age of Building by Building Type Vacant buildings, retail stores (other than malls), and religious worship buildings tended to be the oldest buildings. Food sales buildings (which were predominantly convenience stores) and outpatient health care buildings were mainly newer buildings. Figure showing median age of building by building type. If you need assistance viewing this page, please call 202-586-8800. Specific questions may be directed to: Joelle Michaels joelle.michaels@eia.doe.gov CBECS Manager Release date: July 24, 2002 Page last modified: May 4, 2009 2:52 PM http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/archive/cbecs/pba99/compareage.html If you are having any technical problems with this site, please contact the EIA

36

The Age of the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A minimum age of the universe can be estimated directly by determining the age of the oldest objects in the our Galaxy. These objects are the metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way. Recent work on nucleochronology finds that the oldest stars are 15.2+/-3.7 Gyr old. White dwarf cooling curves have found a minimum age for the oldest stars of 8 Gyr. Currently, the best estimate for the age of the oldest stars is based upon the absolute magnitude of the main sequence turn-off in globular clusters. The oldest globular clusters are 11.5+/-1.3 Gyr old, implying a minimum age of the universe of t_universe > 9.5 Gyr (95% confidence level).

Brian Chaboyer

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Aging Workforce and Paid Time Off Draft 07/08/09 Gilliana matter of the workforce aging as the population ages. Thephysical changes with aging that can affect performance. 10

Lester, Gillian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification: Revision 1 Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification: Revision 1...

39

Gentrifying geriatrics : challenging design paradigms for the aged and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internationally the world is undergoing a grey revolution, with the average age of the human population being higher than it has ever been before. Within the U.S. context this trend is driven by the Baby Boomers, the 80 ...

Van der Linde, Gerhard J. (Gerhard Johan)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

AGING FACILITY CRITICALITY SAFETY CALCULATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this design calculation is to revise and update the previous criticality calculation for the Aging Facility (documented in BSC 2004a). This design calculation will also demonstrate and ensure that the storage and aging operations to be performed in the Aging Facility meet the criticality safety design criteria in the ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (Doraswamy 2004, Section 4.9.2.2), and the functional nuclear criticality safety requirement described in the ''SNF Aging System Description Document'' (BSC [Bechtel SAIC Company] 2004f, p. 3-12). The scope of this design calculation covers the systems and processes for aging commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and staging Department of Energy (DOE) SNF/High-Level Waste (HLW) prior to its placement in the final waste package (WP) (BSC 2004f, p. 1-1). Aging commercial SNF is a thermal management strategy, while staging DOE SNF/HLW will make loading of WPs more efficient (note that aging DOE SNF/HLW is not needed since these wastes are not expected to exceed the thermal limits form emplacement) (BSC 2004f, p. 1-2). The description of the changes in this revised document is as follows: (1) Include DOE SNF/HLW in addition to commercial SNF per the current ''SNF Aging System Description Document'' (BSC 2004f). (2) Update the evaluation of Category 1 and 2 event sequences for the Aging Facility as identified in the ''Categorization of Event Sequences for License Application'' (BSC 2004c, Section 7). (3) Further evaluate the design and criticality controls required for a storage/aging cask, referred to as MGR Site-specific Cask (MSC), to accommodate commercial fuel outside the content specification in the Certificate of Compliance for the existing NRC-certified storage casks. In addition, evaluate the design required for the MSC that will accommodate DOE SNF/HLW. This design calculation will achieve the objective of providing the criticality safety results to support the preliminary design of the Aging Facility. As the ongoing design evolution remains fluid, the results from this design calculation should be evaluated for applicability to any new or modified design. Consequently, the results presented in this document are limited to the current design. The information contained in this document was developed by Environmental and Nuclear Engineering and is intended for the use of Design and Engineering in its work regarding the various criticality related activities performed in the Aging Facility. Yucca Mountain Project personnel from Environmental and Nuclear Engineering should be consulted before the use of the information for purposes other than those stated herein or use by individuals other than authorized personnel in Design and Engineering.

C.E. Sanders

2004-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Aging and the prostate gland  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aging and the prostate gland Name: Bobby Lee Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: It seems that as males get older, it takes longer for them to begin urination. Why is...

42

Plants of the Coal Age  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Age Nature Bulletin No. 330-A February 1, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation PLANTS OF THE COAL...

43

The age of the universe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview of the current controversy on the age of the universe is presented. It is shown that the age of the oldest star, globular clusters, yields an age estimate of approximately 14 {+-} 2 {+-} 2 Gyr (where the first {+-} is statistical and the second systematic, and the two should {ital not} be added in quadrature), with a firm lower bound of {ge} 10 Gyr. It is shown how radioactive dating, nucleocosmochronology, also yields a firm lower bound of {approx_gt} 10 Gyr. The currently favored values for the Hubble constant, when converted to ages using a cosmological model with zero cosmological constant, are shown {ital not} to be in conflict with statistical and systematic uncertainties at the present time when one takes both into account, even for critical density universes. 25 refs. , 3 figs., 1 tab.

Schramm, D.N.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Control Relay Aging Management Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The concept for this report came from the concern that many control relays have been in service for an extended period of time and an effective aging management program may not be in place for these relays. In addition, recent Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) data indicate that relays are one of the leading component types causing scrams. With control relay age increasing and relays being a significant contributor to scrams, an evaluation of control relay maintenance and replacement strategie...

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

45

Crossover of aging dynamics in polymer glass: from cumulative aging to non-cumulative aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aging behavior of polymer glass, poly(methyl methacrylate), has been investigated through the measurement of ac dielectric susceptibility ata fixed frequency after a temperature shift $\\Delta T$ ($\\le $ 20 K)between two temperatures, $T_1$ and $T_2$. A crossover from cumulative aging to non-cumulative aging could be observed with increasing $\\Delta T$ using a twin temperature ($T$-) shift measurement. Based on a growth law of a dynamical coherent length given by activated dynamics, we obtained a unique coherent length for positive and negative $T$-shifts. The possibility of the existence of temperature chaos in polymer glasses is discussed.

Koji Fukao; Sinpei Yamawaki

2008-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

46

A Concatenational Graph Evolution Aging Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling the long-term face aging process is of great importance for face recognition and animation, but there is a lack of sufficient long-term face aging sequences for model learning. To address this problem, we propose a CONcatenational GRaph Evolution ... Keywords: Aging,Face,Active appearance model,Correlation,Computational modeling,Data models,Muscles,ANOVA,Face aging,aging model evaluation,long-term aging,short-term aging

Jinli Suo; Xilin Chen; Shiguang Shan; Wen Gao; Qionghai Dai

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Hugo Destaillats, Ph.D. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory HDestaillats@LBL.gov (510) 486-5897 http://HeatIsland.LBL.gov April 4, 2013 Development of Advanced Building Envelope Surface Materials & Integration of Artificial Soiling and Weathering in a Commercial Weatherometer New York Times, 30 July 2009 2010 2012 Challenge: speed the development of high performance building envelope materials that resist soiling, maintain high solar reflectance, and save energy 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov

48

Fracture, aging and disease in bone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and R. O. Ritchie: Effect of aging on the toughness of humanof microstructure in the aging-related deterioration of thestudy of the effect of aging on human cortical bone J.

Ager, J.W.; Balooch, G.; Ritchie, R.O.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Elucidating mechanisms of accelerated neurological aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C. (2005). Mechanisms of aging in senescence- accelerated2.2 Strain-specific aging gene-expression profiles…………………..C. (2005). Mechanisms of aging in senescence-accelerated

Greenhall, Jennifer Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Telomere lengthening to antagonize myocardial aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

targets to antagonize the aging phenotype. FIGURES Figureday Pim-wt. Figure 2.2: Cellular aging markers over time. A.stem cell and myocyte aging, heart failure, and insulin-like

Cottage, Christopher Travis; Cottage, Christopher Travis

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and L.S. Rose. 2002. “Aging of reflective roofs: sootAging and Weathering of Cool Roofing Membranes HashemNRC), Canada ABSTRACT Aging and weathering can reduce the

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Aging Logarithmic Galilean Field Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analytically compute correlation and response functions of scalar operators for the systems with Galilean and corresponding aging symmetries for general spatial dimensions $d$ and dynamical exponent $z$, along with their logarithmic and logarithmic squared extensions, using the gauge/gravity duality. These non-conformal extensions of the aging geometry are marked by two dimensionful parameters, eigenvalue $\\mathcal M$ of an internal coordinate and aging parameter $\\alpha$. We further perform systematic investigations on two-time response functions for general $d$ and $z$, and identify the growth exponent as a function of the scaling dimensions $\\Delta$ of the dual field theory operators and aging parameter $\\alpha$ in our theory. The initial growth exponent is only controlled by $\\Delta$, while its late time behavior by $\\alpha$ as well as $\\Delta$. These behaviors are separated by a time scale order of the waiting time. We attempt to make contact our results with some field theoretical growth models, such as Kim-Kosterlitz model at higher number of spatial dimensions $d$.

Seungjoon Hyun; Jaehoon Jeong; Bom Soo Kim

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

53

Aging of reflective roofs: soot deposition  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aging of reflective roofs: soot deposition Title Aging of reflective roofs: soot deposition Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2002 Authors Berdahl, Paul, Hashem...

54

Project: Early-Age Performance of Concrete  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at the international workshop "Micro-structure, setting and aging of cement ... Solution Chemistry and Phase Evolution in Early-Age Concrete Materials ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

55

Effects of Pre-Aging Condition on Multi-Step Aging Behavior in Al ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, it is not clear the “multi-step aging” behavior such as pre-aging, natural aging and final aging. In this study, four alloys containing 0.6~1.0mass%Mg ...

56

Learning long term face aging patterns from partially dense aging databases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies on face aging are handicapped by lack of long term dense aging sequences for model training. To handle this problem, we propose a new face aging model, which learns long term face aging patterns from partially dense aging databases. The learning strategy is based on two assumptions: (i) short term face aging pattern is relatively simple and is possible to be learned from currently available databases; (ii) long term face aging is a continuous and smooth Markov process. Adopting a compositional face representation, our aging algorithm learns a function-based short term aging model from real aging sequences to infer facial parameters within a short age span. Based on the predefined smoothness criteria between two overlapping short term aging patterns, we concatenate these learned short term aging patterns to build the long term aging patterns. Both the subjective assessment and objective evaluations of synthetic aging sequences validate the effectiveness of the proposed model. 1.

Jinli Suo; Xilin Chen; Shiguang Shan; Wen Gao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Insights gained from aging research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US NRC Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research has implemented hardware-oriented engineering research programs to identify and resolve technical issues related to the aging of systems, structures, and components (SSCs) in operating nuclear power plants. This report provides a summary of those research results which have been compiled and published in NUREGS and related technical reports. The systems, components and structures that have been studied are organized by alphabetical order. The research results summary on the SSCs is followed by an assessment guide to emphasize inspection techniques which may be useful for detecting aging degradation in nuclear power plants. This report will be updated periodically to reflect new research results on these or other SSCs.

Blahnik, D.E.; Casada, D.A.; Edson, J.L.; Fineman, D.L.; Gunther, W.E.; Haynes, H.D.; Hoopingarner, K.R.; Jacobus, M.J.; Jarrell, D.B.; Kryter, R.C.; Magelby, H.L.; Murphy, G.A.; Subudhi, M.M.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Welding tritium aged stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

Stainless steels exposed to tritium become unweldable by conventional methods due to He buildup within the metal matrix. With longer service lives expected for new weapon systems, and service life extensions of older systems, methods for welding/repair on tritium-exposed material will become important. Results are reported that indicate that both solid-state resistance welding and low-heat gas metal arc overlay welding are promising methods for repair or modification of tritium-aged stainless steel.

Kanne, W.R. Jr.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Acoustic Analysis of Adult Speaker Age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information about the age of the speaker is always present in speech. It is used as perceptual cues to age by human listeners, and can be measured acoustically and used by automatic age estimators. This chapter offers an introduction to the phonetic ... Keywords: Acoustic analysis, Acoustic correlates, Phonetics, Speaker age

Susanne Schötz

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Metabolic reprogramming, caloric restriction and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metabolic reprogramming, caloric restriction and aging Rozalyn M. Anderson1,2,3 and Richard) without malnutrition slows the aging process and extends lifespan in diverse species by unknown mechanisms of aging retardation. We herein describe common signatures of CR and suggest how they can slow aging. We

Sheridan, Jennifer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Aging of Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN)  

SciTech Connect

Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is a relatively sensitive explosive used in many electroexplosive devices as well as in medicine. Of primary interest to LLNL is its use in items such as exploding bridgewire (EBW) detonators and exploding bridge foil initiators (EFI). In these devices the crystalline powder is pressed into a granular, low-density compact that can be initiated by an exploding wire or foil. The long-term stability of this pressed compact is of interest to weapon stockpile lifetime prediction studies. Key points about potential aging mechanisms can be summarized as follows: (1) There are a number of factors that can contribute to PETN instability. These include particle size, polymorphic phase transitions, crystal structure, impurities, moisture, occlusions, chemical incompatibility and biological (microorganism) action. of these factors the most important for long-term aging of high surface area powders used in detonators appears to be that of particle size growth. (2) There is a great deal of literature on the thermal degradation kinetics of PETN, unfortunately much of it with little bearing on ambient temperature aging during long-term storage. PETN is very stable with respect to thermal decomposition. Low-temperature thermal studies have not revealed evidence of chemical degradation products in archived PETN. Data extrapolated to 30 C predicts a half-life of 12 million years. (3) Moisture seems to lower the activation energy for and accelerate the decomposition of PETN. (4) External drivers affecting stability include temperature, moisture, radiation fields, and stress, while internal drivers include residual solvents, and impurities. Temperature affects kinetic processes of crystal growth such as adsorption, desorption, and diffusion rates of molecules on the surface of PETN crystals. A low-level radiation field may induce unexpected changes in the chemical makeup of PETN and its homologue impurities. Stress at high pressure points caused by crystalline surface irregularities may cause a decrease in surface area over time due to smoothing of contact points and sintering. PETN has been found to contain a number of impurities, including homologues, pentaerythryl ethers with a mixture of hydroxyl and nitrate functional groups, and organic salts, that can alter its physical and chemical properties. (5) The processes of sublimation/recrystallization and surface diffusion are important processes that can cause changes in PETN crystal morphology, particle size distribution and specific surface area. Sublimation feeds a process called Ostwald ripening, which involves the spontaneous growth of larger crystals from those of smaller size. This process proceeds with age regardless of storage conditions unless the crystals are treated to retard growth. The coarsening mechanisms include Ostwald ripening, 'sintering', and surface diffusion. The latter has not been experimentally observed, but a molecular modeling approach has attempted to investigate this phenomenon theoretically. (6) Threshold test fire, particle size distribution, specific surface area, thermal analysis, chemical analysis, powder compact specific surface area and density are approaches that have been used in the attempt to assess changes attributable to aging of PETN, with varying results. The biggest problem lies in the aging mechanism itself, which likely influences small changes in morphology, both internal and external, and particle size distribution changes on a scale too small to reliably monitor. Other aspects, such as subtle changes in density profiles within pressed powder compacts, may be beyond the capability of current technology to assess. Crystal growth significant enough to affect the PETN particle size distribution is expected to impact detonator performance. (7) Factors relevant to stabilizing particle size growth include crystal morphology, powder surface area and particle size distribution; crystal density and internal defects; and powder compact density and density gradients.

Foltz, M F

2009-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

62

SNF AGING SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this system description document (SDD) is to establish requirements that drive the design of the spent nuclear fuel (SNF) aging system and associated bases, which will allow the design effort to proceed. This SDD will be revised at strategic points as the design matures. This SDD identifies the requirements and describes the system design, as it currently exists, with emphasis on attributes of the design provided to meet the requirements. This SDD is an engineering tool for design control; accordingly, the primary audience and users are design engineers. This SDD is part of an iterative design process. It leads the design process with regard to the flow down of upper tier requirements onto the system. Knowledge of these requirements is essential in performing the design process. The SDD follows the design with regard to the description of the system. The description provided in the SDD reflects the current results of the design process. Throughout this SDD, the term aging cask applies to vertical site-specific casks and to horizontal aging modules. The term overpack is a vertical site-specific cask that contains a dual-purpose canister (DPC) or a disposable canister. Functional and operational requirements applicable to this system were obtained from ''Project Functional and Operational Requirements'' (F&OR) (Curry 2004 [DIRS 170557]). Other requirements that support the design process were taken from documents such as ''Project Design Criteria Document'' (PDC) (BSC 2004 [DES 171599]), ''Site Fire Hazards Analyses'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172174]), and ''Nuclear Safety Design Bases for License Application'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 171512]). The documents address requirements in the ''Project Requirements Document'' (PRD) (Canori and Leitner 2003 [DIRS 166275]). This SDD includes several appendices. Appendix A is a Glossary; Appendix B is a list of key system charts, diagrams, drawings, lists and additional supporting information; and Appendix C is a list of procedures that will be used to operate the system.

L.L. Swanson

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

63

Mathematical link of evolving aging and complexity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging is a fundamental aspect of living systems that undergo a progressive deterioration of physiological function with age and an increase of vulnerability to disease and death. Living systems, known as complex systems, require complexity in interactions among molecules, cells, organs, and individuals or regulatory mechanisms to perform a variety of activities for survival. On this basis, aging can be understood in terms of a progressive loss of complexity with age; this suggests that complexity in living systems would evolve with age. In general, aging dynamics is mathematically depicted by a survival function, which monotonically changes from 1 to 0 with age. It would be then useful to find an adequate survival function to link aging dynamics and complexity evolution. Here we describe a flexible survival function, which is derived from the stretched exponential function by adopting an age-dependent exponent. We note that the exponent is associated with evolving complexity, i.e., a fractal-like scaling in c...

Weon, Byung Mook

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Neural Effects of Beta Amyloid in Normal Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

age   categories.  Neurobiol  Aging  1997;  18:  351-­?7.  JK,  McIntosh  AR.  Aging  gracefully:  compensatory  B.  The  effect  of  normal  aging  on  the  coupling  of  

Mormino, Elizabeth Charlotte

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Aging discrepancies of white spruce affect the interpretation of static age structure in boreal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NOTE Aging discrepancies of white spruce affect the interpretation of static age structure. Our objectives were to determine whether ground-level ring counts underestimate root collar age of understory P. glauca and whether aging errors increase with stand age. Trees were collected from one to nine

Macdonald, Ellen

66

Aging phenomena in polystyrene thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aging behavior is investigated for thin films of atactic polystyrene through measurements of complex electric capacitance. During isothermal aging process the real part of the electric capacitance increases with aging time, while the imaginary part decreases with aging time. This result suggests that the aging time dependence of the real and imaginary parts are mainly associated with change in thickness and dielectric permittivity, respectively. In thin films, the thickness depends on thermal history of aging even above the glass transition. Memory and `rejuvenation' effects are also observed in the thin films.

Koji Fukao; Hiroki Koizumi

2008-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

67

(COPVs) Materials Aging Issues - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Three aspects of COPV aging were considered; the age life of the Kevlar overwrap, the fatigue life of the titanium liner and the stress rupture life of the combined ...

68

CREEP BEHAVIOR AND PHYSICAL AGING INFLUENCE IN ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CREEP BEHAVIOR AND PHYSICAL AGING INFLUENCE IN PEN FILM. ML Cerrada, GB McKenna. Structure and Mechanics ...

69

PHYSICAL AGING OF PLASTICIZED POLYMER GLASS. WH ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PHYSICAL AGING OF PLASTICIZED POLYMER GLASS. WH Han and GB McKenna, Polymers Division, Building 224, Room ...

70

Health Studies: Aging Services Bachelor of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Studies: Aging Services Bachelor of Science 201213 Degree Map First Year Fall Winter,2 4 PHE 456 4 PHE 410 Business of Aging 4 PHE 454 4 PHE 443 4 SOC 469 or PSY 462 4 PHE PHE 450 4 BA 306, BA 316, or BA 326 4 Senior Capstone 6 SP 447 or PHE 410 Families & Aging

Bertini, Robert L.

71

HYGROTHERMAL AGING OF POLYIMIDE MATRIX COMPOSITE LAMINATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HYGROTHERMAL AGING OF POLYIMIDE MATRIX COMPOSITE LAMINATES John A. Nairn and Man-Hee Han Materials-0560, USA SUMMARY: Two polyimide-matrix systems were subjected to a series of hygrothermal aging experiments at various temperatures and relative humidities. For each aging condition, we measured the microcracking

Nairn, John A.

72

Careers in Aging Annual Southeastern Student  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Careers in Aging The 23rd Annual Southeastern Student Mentoring Conference in Gerontology and Geriatrics Keynote Addresses and Poster Abstracts Edited by Christina Barmon #12;2 Careers in Aging The 23rd. This year's conference theme, "Careers in Aging," attracted one of the largest most diverse groups

Arnold, Jonathan

73

Health Studies: Aging Services Bachelor of Arts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Health Studies: Aging Services Bachelor of Arts 201213 Degree Map First Year Fall Winter PHE 410 Business of Aging 4 PHE 454 4 PHE 456 4 PHE 425 4 PHE 443 4 PHE Approved Elective Capstone 6 SOC 469 or PSY 462 4 SP 447 or PHE 410 Families & Aging 4 PHE Approved Elective 4 PHE

Bertini, Robert L.

74

Statistical aging analysis with process variation consideration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As CMOS devices become smaller, process and aging variations become a major issue for circuit reliability and yield. In this paper, we analyze the effects of process variations on aging effects such as hot carrier injection (HCI) and negative bias temperature ... Keywords: HCI, NBTI, aging variation, process variation, reliability

Sangwoo Han; Joohee Choung; Byung-Su Kim; Bong Hyun Lee; Hungbok Choi; Juho Kim

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Kinetics of PBX9404 Aging  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

PBX 9404 is an early formulation of HMX from which we can learn about the effects of aging in the weapons stockpile. Of particular interest is the presence of 3% nitrocellulose in PBX 9404 as an energetic binder. Nitrocellulose is used pervasively in smokeless gunpowders and was formerly used extensively in the film and art preservation industries. It is well known that nitrocellulose decomposes autocatalytically, and stabilizers, such as the diphenylamine used in PBX 9404, are used to retard its decomposition. Even so, its lifetime is still limited, and the reactions eventually leading to catastrophic autocatalysis are still not understood well despite years of work. In addition to reducing the available energy in the explosive, degradation of nitrocellulose affects the mechanical properties of the pressed PBX 9404 parts by the associated reduction in molecular weight, which reduces the strength of the binder. A structural formula for a monomer of the nitrocellulose used in PBX 9404 is shown. The initial nitration level is 2.3 of 3.0 possible sites, and they have different reactivities. Degradation of nitrocellulose affects many properties. As an aid in examining historical chemical analysis data, several measures of degradation are given for the simple replacement of a nitro group with a hydrogen. The weight percent of nitrocellulose remaining for an initial concentration of 3% as used in PBX 9404 is also given. Of course, the real degradation reaction is more complicated, including chain scission and crosslinking reactions giving other gas species. During the course of this work, we spent considerable time addressing the question, ''Why is PBX 9404 blue?'' There was actually considerable controversy in the color evolution with aging, and the situation was clarified by Ben Richardson at Pantex. Workers there assured us that PBX 9404 starts with an ivory color. Drying the prill prior to pressing turns it a mottled blue, and well-preserved prill samples retain a blue color decades after formulation. Subsequently, heat and light both send it through a progression of colors from grayish blue, blue-green, green, brown, dirty yellow, mottled tan, and eventually pale tan. The progression is accelerated by oxygen and possibly moisture, as has been shown in several accelerated aging studies. The precise compounds causing the color evolution are uncertain, but they are undoubtedly a progression of quinoidal, nitroso, and nitrated DPA compounds. For example, paranitroso DPA is deep blue. Unfortunately, the location of various nitrated DPAs, which ranged from yellow to orange to red to brown and which were used by Pantex as analytical standards in the 1970s, is not currently known. While the color change is indicative of aging, it is by no means a quantitative measure of the extent of nitrocellulose degradation. Inspection of the literature yielded a variety of kinetic models, and the activation energy typically ranges from 25-35 kcal/mol for T<100 C. This literature qualitatively predicts times for 30% decomposition ranging from a few days at 100 C to 1-2 years at 50 C to 50 years at room temperature. To develop a quantitative model, we used the data of Leider and Seaton, which were collected at conditions most closely matching stockpile conditions for any data set we had available. They used PBX 9404 heated as pressed pellets in closed vessels at temperatures ranging from 50 to 100 C for times up to three years, and they report mass loss, gas yield and composition, and chemical analysis of the residual solid by methods used in stockpile surveillance. Initial kinetic analysis of the weight of remaining nitrocellulose as measured by liquid chromatography and the loss of nitrate esters by a colorimetric technique gave an activation energy of 27 kcal/mol. However, the reaction is complex due to the different stability of the three nitroester positions, and this complexity required either parallel first-order reactions or an nth-order reaction (n=3.6), which is mathematically equivalent to a Gamma distribution of frequency factors

Burnham, A K; Fried, L E

2006-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

76

Aging Services Program Grants Specialist Division of Aging Services, Livable Communities Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging Services Program Grants Specialist Division of Aging Services, Livable Communities Section Job Description The Georgia Department of Human Services (DHS), Division of Aging Services, is seeking qualified candidates for the position of Aging Services Program Grants Specialist for the Livable

Arnold, Jonathan

77

Aging Services Program Administrator Division of Aging Services, Livable Communities Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging Services Program Administrator Division of Aging Services, Livable Communities Section Job Description The Georgia Department of Human Services (DHS), Division of Aging Services, (DAS)is seeking qualified candidates for the position of Aging Services Program Administrator for the Livable Communities

Arnold, Jonathan

78

Rock of Ages | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of Ages of Ages Jump to: navigation, search Name Rock of Ages Facility Rock of Ages Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Rock of Ages Energy Purchaser Rock of Ages Location Graniteville VT Coordinates 44.14668574°, -72.48180896° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.14668574,"lon":-72.48180896,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

79

Low-Voltage Cable Aging Management Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report, intended for use by power plant engineers and craft and administrative personnel who are responsible for cable system aging management, provides guidance on the effective and efficient application of current information and techniques related to aging and condition monitoring (CM) of low-voltage cables. The identification of cables that are prone to early aging and the timely replacement or repair of cables that are degraded will minimize unnecessary power losses, unplanned shutdowns, ...

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

80

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Research Council (NRC), Canada ABSTRACT Aging andNational Research Council (NRC) in Canada. The LBNL studyits original levels. The NRC study also included measuring

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Materials Research in the Information Age  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research in the Information Age Accelerating Advanced Material Development NERSC Science Gateway a 'Google of Material Properties' October 31, 2011 | Tags: Materials Science,...

82

Understanding Aging: A Medical Humanities Approach to “Death in Venice“  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

issues, understanding aging from a humanistic perspective isattempting to understand aging, I have divided the text intoAschenbach's experience with aging while in Germany. This

English, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Departure and return : abandonment, memorial and aging in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. Linhart (Eds. ), Aging Asian Concepts and ExperiencesJ. J. Seeber (Eds. ), .Aging, Spirituality and Religion: AE. (1964). The Psychology of Aging. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. :

Danely, Jason Allen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Successful cognitive aging in persons living with HIV infection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Successful cognitive aging (SCA) was operationally definedrisk factors imposed by aging and HIV, there is considerableuals with HIV who are “aging successfully” (e.g. , free from

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

The thorny path linking cellular senescence to organismal aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tumor suppression and organismal aging: Good citizens, badtelomere-directed replicative aging in vitro. Mech. Ageinglung fibroblasts by telomerase. Aging Cell 2, Hayflick, L. ,

Patil, Christopher K.; Mian, Saira; Campisi, Judith

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

DNA repair: Dynamic defenders against cancer and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developmental defects; premature aging; brittle hair; scalypredisposition and premature aging. Acknowledgements. Weagainst cancer and aging Jill O. Fuss and Priscilla K.

Fuss, Jill O.; Cooper, Priscilla K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Failure diagnosis of asymmetric aging under NBTI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design for reliability is becoming an important step in the design cycle with CMOS technology scaling, demanding need for efficient and accurate reliability simulation methods in the design stage. Traditional aging analysis does not differentiate NBTI ... Keywords: asymmetric aging, design for reliability, negative bias temperature instability, static timing analysis

Jyothi Bhaskarr Velamala; Venkatesa Ravi; Yu Cao

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Transcriptional profiling of aging in human muscle reveals a common aging signature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyzed expression of 81 normal muscle samples from humans of varying ages, and have identified a molecular profile for aging consisting of 250 age-regulated genes. This molecular profile correlates not only with chronological age but also with a measure of physiological age. We compared the transcriptional profile of muscle aging to previous transcriptional profiles of aging in the kidney and the brain, and found a common signature for aging in these diverse human tissues. The common aging signature consists of six genetic pathways; four pathways increase expression with age (genes in the extracellular matrix, genes involved in cell growth, genes encoding factors involved in complement activation, and genes encoding components of the cytosolic ribosome), while two pathways decrease expression with age (genes involved in chloride transport and genes encoding subunits of the mitochondrial electron transport chain). We also compared transcriptional profiles of aging in humans to those of the mouse and fly, and found that the electron transport chain pathway decreases expression with age in all three organisms, suggesting that this may be a

Jacob M. Zahn; Rebecca Sonu; Hannes Vogel; Emily Crane; Krystyna Mazan-mamczarz; Ralph Rabkin; Ronald W. Davis; Kevin G. Becker; Art B. Owen; Stuart K. Kim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Effect of Composition and Pre-ageing on the Natural Ageing and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Effect of Composition and Pre-ageing on the Natural Ageing ..... Powder Metallurgy of High Strength Al84Gd6Ni7Co3 Gas-atomized Powder.

90

Falls, Disability and Food Insecurity Present Challenges to Healthy Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characteristics. Journal of Aging Health. 2001. 13:329-54.for prevention. Age and Aging. 2006:35 Supplement 2:ii37-Present Challenges to Healthy Aging Steven P. Wallace, L.

Wallace, Steven P.; Molina, L. Cricel; Jhawar, Mona

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

TWO SENSOR SYSTEM FOR A SOLUTE AGE AND TEMPERATURE HISTORY  

the aging period Can determine absolute age independently of temperature history Suitable for emplacement on circuit boards Numerous commercial ...

92

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aging and weathering can reduce the solar reflectance of cool roofing materials. This paper summarizes laboratory measurements of the solar spectral reflectance of unweathered, weathered, and cleaned samples collected from single-ply roofing membranes at various sites across the United States. Fifteen samples were examined in each of the following six conditions: unweathered; weathered; weathered and brushed; weathered, brushed and then rinsed with water; weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, and then washed with soap and water; and weathered, brushed, rinsed with water, washed with soap and water, and then washed with an algaecide. Another 25 samples from 25 roofs across the United States and Canada were measured in their unweathered state, weathered, and weathered and wiped. We document reduction in reflectivity resulted from various soiling mechanisms and provide data on the effectiveness of various cleaning approaches. Results indicate that although the majority of samples after being washed with detergent could be brought to within 90% of their unweathered reflectivity, in some instances an algaecide was required to restore this level of reflectivity.

Akbari, Hashem; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Levinson, Ronnen; Graveline,Stanley; Foley, Kevin; Delgado, Ana H.; Paroli, Ralph M.

2005-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

93

Computational Age Dating of Special Nuclear Materials  

SciTech Connect

This slide-show presented an overview of the Constrained Progressive Reversal (CPR) method for computing decays, age dating, and spoof detecting. The CPR method is: Capable of temporal profiling a SNM sample; Precise (compared with known decay code, such a ORIGEN); Easy (for computer implementation and analysis). ? We have illustrated with real SNM data using CPR for age dating and spoof detection. If SNM is pure, may use CPR to derive its age. If SNM is mixed, CPR will indicate that it is mixed or spoofed.

None

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

94

Evidence of aging effects on certain safety-related components  

SciTech Connect

In response to interest shown by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), Principal Working Group I (PWG- 1) of the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI) conducted a generic study on the effects of aging of active components in nuclear power plants. (This focus on active components is consistent with PWG-l`s mandate; passive components are primarily within the mandate of PWG-3.) Representatives from France, Sweden, Finland, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom participated in the study by submitting reports documenting aging studies performed in their countries. This report consists of summaries of those reports, along with a comparison of the various statistical analysis methods used in the studies. The studies indicate that with some exceptions, active components generally do not present a significant aging problem in nuclear power plants. Design criteria and effective preventative maintenance programs, including timely replacement of components, are effective in mitigating potential aging problems. However, aging studies (such as qualitative and statistical analyses of failure modes and maintenance data) are an important part of efforts to identify and solve potential aging problems. Solving these problems typically includes such strategies as replacing suspect components with improved components, and implementing improved maintenance programs.

Magleby, H.L.; Atwood, C.L.; MacDonald, P.E.; Edson, J.L.; Bramwell, D.L. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

On the stability of stationary age distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Age structured nonlinear single species and predator prey population models are treated and a straightforward relatively simple method is shown to arrive at a condition of stability of stationary solutions. Keywords: population dynamics, stability

M. Farkas

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM)  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has undertaken a program to lay the groundwork for defining proactive actions to manage degradation of materials in light water reactors (LWRs). This article discusses the international forum for reactor aging management.

Bond, Leonard J.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Chloride Depletion in Aged Sea Salt Particles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of how they formed, they transform as they are transported by the wind, showing signs of age by increasing in size, chemical complexity, and oxidation, as well as becoming more...

98

Aging of polymeric composites : a literature review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to their increased use in today's society, an extensive survey was undertaken in this report to condense what's been, thus far, discovered as to the effects of aging on polymeric composites. Special emphasis was placed ...

Treviño-Garrido, Margie N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Retinal Diseases: Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Retinitis Pigmentosa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retinal Diseases: Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Retinitis Pigmentosa Retinal Diseases: Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Retinitis Pigmentosa Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease primarily affecting the central vision regions in people age 60 and older. According to the Macular Degeneration Research Fund, a case of AMD is diagnosed in the United States every 3 minutes. Each year, 1.2 million of the estimated 12 million people with AMD will suffer severe vision loss. Patients with AMD have dark areas in their vision caused by fluid leakage or bleeding in the macula, the center of the retina that produces the sharpest vision. The brain initially compensates for these dark patches. Early cellular dysfunction or spotting in the macula may go undetected until the disease is in advanced stages.

100

ON THE AGE AND BINARITY OF FOMALHAUT  

SciTech Connect

The nearby (d = 7.7 pc) A3V star Fomalhaut is orbited by a resolved dusty debris disk and a controversial candidate extrasolar planet. The commonly cited age for the system (200 {+-} 100 Myr) from Barrado y Navascues et al. relied on a combination of isochronal age plus youth indicators for the K4V common proper-motion system TW PsA. TW PsA is 1.{sup 0}96 away from Fomalhaut and was first proposed as a companion by Luyten, but the physicality of the binarity is worth testing with modern data. I demonstrate that TW PsA is unequivocally a physical stellar companion to Fomalhaut, with true separation 0.280{sup +0.019}{sub -.012} pc (57.4{sup +3.9}{sub -2.5} kAU) and sharing velocities within 0.1 {+-} 0.5 km s{sup -1}-consistent with being a bound system. Hence, TW PsA should be considered 'Fomalhaut B'. Combining modern H-R diagram constraints with four sets of evolutionary tracks, and assuming the star was born with protosolar composition, I estimate a new isochronal age for Fomalhaut of 450 {+-} 40 Myr and mass of 1.92 {+-} 0.02 M{sub Sun }. Various stellar youth diagnostics are re-examined for TW PsA. The star's rotation, X-ray emission, and Li abundances are consistent with approximate ages of 410, 380, and 360 Myr, respectively, yielding a weighted mean age of 400 {+-} 70 Myr. Combining the independent ages, I estimate a mean age for the Fomalhaut-TW PsA binary of 440 {+-} 40 Myr. The older age implies that substellar companions of a given mass are approximately 1 mag fainter at IR wavelengths than previously assumed.

Mamajek, Eric E., E-mail: emamajek@ctio.noao.edu [Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Age problem in holographic dark energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the age problem of the universe with the holographic DE model introduced in [21], and test the model with some known old high redshift objects (OHRO). The parameters of the model have been constrained using the SNIa, CMB and BAO data set. We found that the age of the old quasar APM 08 279+5255 at z = 3.91 can be described by the model.

L. N. Granda; A. Oliveros; W. Cardona

2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

102

Short-Term Aging of Polymer Insulators: Dissection of Samples Aged in a Dry Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many years, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has performed large-scale aging tests on polymer insulators and has evaluated many polymer insulators that have been removed from service, in an effort to understand what the aging factors are. EPRI has learned that a significant aging factor is corona discharge activity and has therefore developed a test that focuses on how corona discharge activity degrades polymer insulators. This report highlights the latest development of a short-term ...

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

103

The Relative Ages of Galactic Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a review of the present state of knowledge regarding the relative ages of Galactic globular clusters. First, we discuss the relevant galaxy formation models and describe the detailed predictions they make with respect to the formation timescale and chemical evolution of the globular clusters. Next, the techniques used to estimate globular cluster ages are described and evaluated with particular emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each method. With these techniques as a foundation, we present arguments in favor of the following assertions: 1) The age of a globular cluster is the likeliest candidate to be the global second parameter, which along with metal abundance, controls the morphology of the horizonal branch. 2) A total age range of as much as $\\sim$5 Gyr exists among the bulk of the Galactic globulars. 3) There is a significant relation between age and metallicity among the Galactic globular clusters if the slope of the \\mvrr-\\feh relation is less than $\\sim$0.23. These conclusions along with other supporting evidence favor a formation scenario in which the inner regions of the Galactic halo collapsed in a monotonic fashion over a short time period much less than 1 Gyr. In contrast, the outer regions of the halo fragmented and collapsed in a chaotic manner over several Gyrs.

Ata Sarajedini; Brian Chaboyer; Pierre Demarque

1997-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

104

Results of LWR snubber aging research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the aging research results and recommendations for snubbers used in commercial nuclear power plants. Snubbers are safety-related devices used to restrain undesirable dynamic loads at various piping and equipment locations in nuclear power plants (NPPs). Each snubber must accommodate a plant's normal thermal movements and must be capable of restraining the maximum off-normal dynamic loads, such as a seismic event or a transient, postulated for its specific location. The effects of snubber aging and the factors that contribute to the degradation of their safety performance need to be better understood. Thus, Phase II of Nuclear Plant Aging Research was conducted to enhance the understanding of snubber aging and its consequences. Pacific Northwest Laboratory staff and their subcontractors, Lake Engineering and Wyle Laboratories, visited eight sites (encompassing thirteen plants) to conduct interviews with NPP staff and to collect data on snubber aging, testing, and maintenance. The Phase II research methodology, evaluation, results, conclusions, and recommendations are described in the report. Effective methods for service-life monitoring of snubbers are included in the recommendations.

Brown, D P [Lake Engineering Co., Greenville, RI (United States); Werry, E V; Blahnik, D E [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

High Temperature Aging Study on Long-Term Aged Alloy 617 and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to gain a better understanding of the high-temperature degradation process of these materials, long-term (up to 10000 hours) aging experiments have ...

106

Property:VolcanicAge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:VolcanicAge Jump to: navigation, search Property Name VolcanicAge Property Type String Description Describes the time of the most recent volcanism by epoch, era, or period per available data. Subproperties This property has the following 7 subproperties: E East Mesa Geothermal Area G Geysers Geothermal Area L Lightning Dock Geothermal Area R Raft River Geothermal Area Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S Salton Sea Geothermal Area Soda Lake Geothermal Area Pages using the property "VolcanicAge" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + No volcanism + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + no volcanism + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + no volcanism + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + No volcanism +

107

Mesoscopic fluctuations and intermittency in aging dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The configurational de-correlation in an aging system is attributed to irreversible intermittent rearrangements, which are described as a Poisson process with average $\\propto \\ln(1 + t/t_w)$, where $t$ is the observation time and $t_w$ is the age [P. Sibani and H.J. Jensen, Europhys. Lett. 69, 2005]. On this basis, we obtain a simple model for the off-equilibrium aging behavior of the autocorrelation: the average autocorrelation decays algebraically, and its shifted and rescaled probability density function (PDF) has a Gumbel-like shape which approaches a Gaussian at large times and becomes sharp in the thermodynamic limit. The model properties are tested against simulations of the Edwards-Anderson spin glass, and are in reasonable agreement with other available data.

Paolo Sibani

2005-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

The Shapes and Ages of Elliptical Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the relation between the detailed isophotal shape of elliptical galaxies and the strength of the H beta absorption in their spectra. We find that disky galaxies have higher H beta indices. Stellar population synthesis models show that the H beta line is a good age indicator, hence disky galaxies tend to have younger mean ages than boxy galaxies. We show that the observed trend can be brought about by a contaminating young population, which we associate with the disky component. This population need only account for a small fraction of the total mass, for example if a contaminating population of age of 2 Gyrs is superimposed on an old (12 Gyr) elliptical galaxy, then the observed trend can be explained if it contributes only 10% to the total mass. The size of this effect is consistent with the estimates of disk-to-total light ratios from surface photometry.

Roelof S. de Jong; Roger L. Davies

1996-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

109

Aging behavior of polymeric solar absorber materials: Aging on the component level  

SciTech Connect

Within this study, the aging behavior of a PPE + PS absorber material was investigated on the absorber component level. To indicate aging, characteristic mechanical values were determined by indentation tests of specimens taken from components and exposed to laboratory aging (140 C in air, 80 C in water) and service near outdoor aging conditions (stagnation in northern climate). In addition to the mechanical tests, the unaged and aged specimens were also characterized thermo-analytically via differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results indicate that reductions in both characteristic mechanical values of the indentation tests, i.e., load of the first transition and ultimate indentation, reflect at least some physical aging although chemical aging may also be of importance based on previous analytical investigations of laboratory aged polymer films. While laboratory aging in air at 140 C and service exposure at a test facility in Oslo (N) under stagnation conditions led to a significant reduction in the mechanical indentation resistance, no influence of laboratory aging in water at 80 C on the mechanical behavior of the absorber sheet was found. Depending on the ultimate failure criterion applied (reduction of characteristic mechanical values to 80% and 50%, respectively), the technical service life found for hot air laboratory and stagnation service conditions was found to be less than 51 and 159 h, respectively. As these durations are significantly below the estimated stagnation conditions accumulated in the desired operation lifetime for such a collector, the PPE + PS type investigated does not seem to be a proper material candidate for solar thermal absorbers. Finally, based on the results obtained, a relation between laboratory aging time in air at 140 C and cumulated irradiation energy during exposure on the test facility in Oslo was established. (author)

Kahlen, S. [Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH, Roseggerstrasse 12, A-8700 Leoben (Austria); Wallner, G.M.; Lang, R.W. [Institute for Polymeric Materials and Testing, University of Linz, Altenbergerstrasse 69, A-4040 Linz (Austria); Meir, M.; Rekstad, J. [Department of Physics, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1048, Blindern, N-0316 Oslo (Norway)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Understanding the Emotions of Others: Loss or Gain in Aging?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

theory. Psychology and Aging, 7(3), 331-8. Carstensen, L.2007). The Handbook of Aging and Cognition: Third Edition (The Posterior-Anterior Shift in Aging. Cereb. Cortex, 18(5),

Sze, Jocelyn Andrea

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Effect of Modified Aging Treatments on the Tensile Properties ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

These include i) lowering the artificial aging temperature ii) interrupted aging cycles similar to T6I4 referred to in the published literature and iii) artificial aging in ...

112

Aging and Gene Expression in the Primate Brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issue 9 | e274 Primate Brain Aging mask ?le for chimpanzee185 p. 2. Harman D (1956) Aging: A theory based on freeThe free radical theory of aging matures. Physiol Rev 78:

Fraser, Hunter B.; Khaitovich, Philipp; Plotkin, Joshua B.; Paabo, Svante; Eisen, Michael B.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Aging and Fracture of Human Cortical Bone and Tooth Dentin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. , The effect of aging on crack-growth resistance andR.K. Reprogel, Effects of aging on the mechanical behaviorNalla et al. , Effect of aging on the toughness of human

Ager III, Joel W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

INCREASED STRENGTHENING OF AUSTENITIC ALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d o - - -700°C after first aging at 745°C /2 hr tween) (nobJ,J". _.J__ __JI (TOTAL) AGING TIME (hr) XBL Figure 22 aALLOYS THROUGH DUAL AGING Annie Ma Inorganic Materials

Ma, Annie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Electronic games for aged care and rehabilitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The declining cognitive and motor abilities has become a major problem in the health care of the elderly, often leading to potentially fatal falls. Current rehabilitation strategies to address this issue include routine physiotherapy which is often dull ... Keywords: aged care, rehabilitation, software agent, video game

Stuart T. Smith; Amir Talaei-Khoei; Mililani Ray; Pradeep Ray

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Privacy, Technology, and Aging: A Proposed Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the development, adoption, and use of home-based ubiquitous technologies for older adults. We began with a five, adoption, and use of home-based ubiquitous technologies are highly contextual, individualized and aging can inform the development of a privacy framework for home-based technologies that can contribute

Camp, L. Jean

117

Molecular Clocks: Determining the Age of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular Clocks: Determining the Age of the Human­Chimpanzee Divergence Michael I Jensen `molecular clock') allows for the estimation of the time of divergence between modern species, dependent on calibrating the clock with known divergence dates from the fossil record. The molecular clock gives dates

Seaman, Michael I.

118

Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light Title Investigations of silica alcogel aging using coherent light Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication...

119

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces Emerging Technologies Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's Program Peer Review...

120

On the Aging Behavior of AA2618 DC Cast Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aging behavior of the non-deformed alloy at artificial and natural aging conditions was studied. The precipitation characteristics of the alloy were studied by ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Groundwater Age-Dating for Water Resource Characterization  

The LLNL Groundwater Noble Gas Mass Spectrometry Facility and Capability offers: Less model-dependent than tritium age dating: Traditional tritium age ...

122

The role of glycation in aging and diabetes mellitus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract. One of the hypotheses trying to explain the process of aging is the idea of ... vated blood sugar levels, show signs of accelerated aging exposing similar ...

123

The Effectiveness of Direct Aging on INCONEL 718 Forgings ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Direct aging (DA) is a synonym for hardening of an Inconel 718 forging after the fosming operation and applying a two step aging procedure coninion for Inconel

124

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long-Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev. 0 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy Used Fuel Disposition Campaign O.K. Chopra, D. Diercks, R. Fabian, D. Ma, V. Shah, S-W Tam, and Y.Y. Liu Argonne National Laboratory June 30, 2012 FCRD-USED-2012-000119 ANL-12/29 DISCLAIMER This information was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the U.S. Government. Neither the U.S. Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness, of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately

125

Why could ice ages be unpredictable?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is commonly accepted that the variations of Earth's orbit and obliquity control the timing of Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycles. Evidence comes from power spectrum analysis of palaeoclimate records and from inspection of the timing of glacial and deglacial transitions. However, we do not know how tight this control is. Is it, for example, conceivable that random climatic fluctuations could cause a delay in deglaciation, bad enough to skip a full precession or obliquity cycle and subsequently modify the sequence of ice ages? To address this question, seven previously published conceptual models of ice ages are analysed by reference to the notion of generalised synchronisation. Insight is being gained by comparing the effects of the astronomical forcing with idealised forcings composed of only one or two periodic components. In general, the richness of the astronomical forcing allows for synchronisation over a wider range of parameters, compared to periodic forcing. Hence, glacial cycles may conceivably have remained paced by the astronomical forcing throughout the Pleistocene. However, all the models examined here also show a range of parameters for which the structural stability of the ice age dynamics is weak. This means that small variations in parameters or random fluctuations may cause significant shifts in the succession of ice ages if the system were effectively in that parameter range. Whether or not the system has strong structural stability depends on the amplitude of the effects associated with the astronomical forcing, which significantly differ across the different models studied here. The possibility of synchronisation on eccentricity is also discussed and it is shown that a high Rayleigh number on eccentricity, as recently found in observations, is no guarantee of reliable synchronisation.

Michel Crucifix

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

126

Energy implications of an aging population  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study provides various demographic, medical, and economic information relative to energy usage on a segment of the population, the elderly, which is growing in absolute numbers and relative population percentage. This growth is expected to continue well into the twenty-first century. The US aging population numbered 3.1 million in 1900, and by 1977 it had climbed to 23.5 million. It can be stated with reasonable certainty that this figure will rise to 31 million in the year 2000 and 43 million in the year 2020. These figures, corresponding to more than 10% of our population, are by no means insignificant. As our fossil-fuel reserves are being depleted and the cost of energy mounts, it becomes apparent that the elderly will become increasingly vulnerable to the energy crisis, primarily beause of their physical tendency to infirmity, their economic and social situation, and their susceptibility to psychological depression. This white paper concentrates on those aspects of aging and the nation's energy problem which are not usually related in our everyday consideration of these as separable problems. It seeks to identify the peculiar energy problems of the aged and to consider alternatives in the solution of these problems in light of modern technology.

Not Available

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Aging Studies of VCE Dismantlement Returns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

VCE is an ethylene/vinyl acetate/vinyl alcohol terpolymer binder for filled elastomers which is designed to accept high filler loadings. Filled elastomer parts consist of the binder (VCE), a curing agent (Hylene MP, diphenol-4-4{prime}-methylenebis(phenylcarbamate)), a processing aid (LS, lithium stearate), and filler particles (typically 70% fraction by weight). The curing of the filled elastomer parts occurs from the heat-activated reaction between the hydroxyl groups of VCE with the Hylene MP curing agent, resulting in a cross-linked network. The final vinyl acetate content is typically between 34.9 and 37.9%, while the vinyl alcohol content is typically between 1.27 and 1.78%. Surveillance data for this material is both scarce and scattered, complicating the assessment of any aging trends in systems. In addition, most of the initial surveillance efforts focused on mechanical properties such as hardness and tensile strength, and chemical information is therefore lacking. Material characterization and aging studies had been performed on previous formulations of the VCE material but the Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) starting copolymer is no longer commercially available. New formulations with replacement EVA materials are currently being established and will require characterization as well as updated aging models.

Letant, S; Alviso, C; Pearson, M; Albo, R; Small, W; Wilson, T; Chinn, S; Maxwell, R

2011-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

128

IMPACT OF PHYSICAL AGING ON THE CRAZE INITIATION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IMPACT OF PHYSICAL AGING ON THE CRAZE INITIATION AND PROPAGATION IN STYRENE ACRYLONITRILE CO-POLYMER. ...

129

Toward Automatic Simulation of Aging Effects on Face Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The process of aging causes significant alterations in the facial appearance of individuals. When compared with other sources of variation in face images, appearance variation due to aging displays some unique characteristics. For example, aging variation ... Keywords: aging variation, statistical face models, face recognition

A. Lanitis; C. J. Taylor; T. F. Cootes

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle?  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Are Refiners Entering a Golden Age or a Short Cycle? Global Refining Strategies 2007 Barcelona, Spain

131

On Ocean Transport Diagnostics: The Idealized Age Tracer and the Age Spectrum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idealized age tracer is commonly used to diagnose transport in ocean models and to help interpret ocean measurements. In most studies only the steady-state distribution, the result of many centuries of model integration, has been presented ...

Timothy M. Hall; Thomas W. N. Haine

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Absolute Ages of Globular Clusters and the Age of the Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main sequence turnoff luminosity is the best stellar `clock' which can be used to determine the absolute ages of globular clusters. This is due to the fact that it is generally assumed that the luminosity and lifetimes of main sequence globular cluster stars are independent of the properties of stellar convection and atmospheres, two areas of stellar evolution which are poorly understood. Several possible sources of error in this stellar clock are discussed, and isochrones are constructed using a variety of different physical assumptions. The mean age of the oldest globular clusters are determined from these isochrones and it is found that the uncertainties in the input physics can lead to changes in the derived age of $\\pm 15\\%$. Surprisingly the largest source of error is the mixing length theory of convection. It is well known that uncertainties in the distance scale and chemical composition of globular cluster stars lead to changes of order $\\sim 22\\%$ in the determination of absolute ages. Combining the various sources of error, the absolute age of the oldest globular clusters are found to lie in the range 11 --- 21 Gyr. This is meant to be a total theoretical range. For the standard inflationary model ($\\Omega = 1, \\Lambda = 0$), a minimum age of the universe of 11 Gyr requires $H_o \\la 60~\\kmsmpc$.

Brian Chaboyer

1994-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

133

Aging by epigenetics-A consequence of chromatin damage?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chromatin structure is not fixed. Instead, chromatin is dynamic and is subject to extensive developmental and age-associated remodeling. In some cases, this remodeling appears to counter the aging and age-associated diseases, such as cancer, and extend organismal lifespan. However, stochastic non-deterministic changes in chromatin structure might, over time, also contribute to the break down of nuclear, cell and tissue function, and consequently aging and age-associated diseases.

Sedivy, John M. [Brown University, Division of Biology and Medicine, Laboratories for Molecular Medicine, 70 Ship Street, Providence, RI 02903 (United States)], E-mail: john_sedivy@brown.edu; Banumathy, Gowrishankar [Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111 (United States); Adams, Peter D. [Fox Chase Cancer Center, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111 (United States)], E-mail: peter.adams@fccc.edu

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

134

Anti-Oxidants, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cognitive Decline with Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

neurobiology of cognitive aging”. Ageing Research Reviewsinterventions. Neurobiology of Aging , 133-136. Cutler, R.1991). Antioxidants and aging. American Journal of Clinical

Patel, Tanu Ashok

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Energy age wind ltd Co KG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

age wind ltd Co KG age wind ltd Co KG Jump to: navigation, search Name energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG Place Telgte, Germany Zip 48291 Sector Wind energy Product Energy-age-wind aims to develop small scale vertical-axis wind turbines. References energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG is a company located in Telgte, Germany . References ↑ "energy-age-wind ltd & Co. KG" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Energy_age_wind_ltd_Co_KG&oldid=344826" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

136

Influence of Thermal Aging on Microstructure and Mechanical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The as-aged samples were subject to aging treatment for 1100h and 3000h at 600?, 1100h at 650?, after normalizing at 980? for 30min and tempering at ...

137

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 XPD helicase is an enzyme...

138

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for...

139

Aging Aluminum Alloy 7085 Mold Blocks Part II: Continuous ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2007 ... Aging Aluminum Alloy 7085 Mold Blocks Part II: Continuous Non-Isothermal Aging by J.T. Staley, Sr., E. Austin, D.B. Glanton, B. Godin, and G.

140

Aging Aluminum Alloy 7085 Mold Blocks Part 1 - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2007 ... Aging Aluminum Alloy 7085 Mold Blocks Part 1: Two-Step Aging by J.T. Staley; Sr.; H. Conrad; W. Crill; J. Grossman; and F. Skaria ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

From aging infrastructure to the unaparalleled UPF | Y-12 National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

From aging infrastructure ... From aging infrastructure to the unaparalleled UPF Posted: February 7, 2013 - 6:14pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 2 | 2013 The Uranium Processing...

142

Authority, polity, and tenuous elites in Iron Age Edom (Jordan)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Iron Age in southern Jordan (Shef?eld), 47–54. knauf, e.at Tawilan in southern Jordan (Oxford). bienkowski, p.the Iron Age in southern Jordan: A framework. In Bienkowski,

Porter, Benjamin W.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Age Dating of Mixed SNM--Preliminary Investigations  

SciTech Connect

Recently we investigated the nuclear forensics problem of age determination for mixed special nuclear material (SNM). Through limited computational mixing experiments and interactive age analysis, it was observed that age dating results are generally affected by the mixing of samples with different assays or even by small radioactive material contamination. The mixing and contamination can be detected through interactive age analysis, a function provided by the Decay Interaction, Visualization and Analysis (DIVA) software developed by NSTec. It is observed that for mixed SNM with two components, the age estimators typically fall into two distinct clusters on the time axis. This suggests that averaging or other simple statistical methods may not always be suitable for age dating SNM mixtures. Instead, an interactive age analysis would be more suitable for age determination of material components of such SNM mixtures. This work was supported by the National Center for Nuclear Security (NCNS).

Yuan, D., Guss, P. P., Yfantis, E., Klingensmith, A., Emer, D.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Wednesday, 17 April 2013 07:23 Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh...

145

Aging, phase ordering and conformal invariance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a variety of systems which exhibit aging, the two-time response function scales as $R(t,s)\\approx s^{-1-a} f(t/s)$. We argue that dynamical scaling can be extended towards conformal invariance, obtaining thus the explicit form of the scaling function $f$. This quantitative prediction is confirmed in several spin systems, both for $T

Malte Henkel; Michel Pleimling; Claude Godreche; Jean-Marc Luck

2001-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

146

Differential aging from acceleration, an explicit formula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a clock 'paradox' framework where an observer leaves an inertial frame, is accelerated and after an arbitrary trip comes back. We discuss a simple equation that gives, in the 1+1 dimensional case, an explicit relation between the time elapsed on the inertial frame and the acceleration measured by the accelerating observer during the trip. A non-closed trip with respect to an inertial frame appears closed with respect to another suitable inertial frame. Using this observation we define the differential aging as a function of proper time and show that it is non-decreasing. The reconstruction problem of special relativity is also discussed showing that its, at least numerical, solution would allow the construction of an 'inertial clock'.

E. Minguzzi

2004-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

147

Recycling came of age in 1994  

SciTech Connect

While metal and glass recycling have a long history, newer recycling efforts for paper and plastic have gone from a nascent business to maturing industry. After five years, sufficient infrastructure exists to support recycling as a full-fledged business. In the late 1980s, recycling was a business trying to get off the ground. Now it is recognized by many cities and states as a means of economic development and job creation. But recycling`s coming of age was not without growing pains. Many recyclers had to hang on while markets were poor and spotty. Gluts of plastic, waste paper, aluminum, and green glass often made it difficult for recyclers to turn a profit. Until early 1994, prices for most commodities were significantly low, and in some cases, these low prices forced recyclers and processors to close their doors, or at least curtail their operations.

Rabasca, L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Dark Energy in the Dark Ages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-negligible dark energy density at high redshifts would indicate dark energy physics distinct from a cosmological constant or ``reasonable'' canonical scalar fields. Such dark energy can be constrained tightly through investigation of the growth of structure, with limits of \\la2% of total energy density at z\\gg1 for many models. Intermediate dark energy can have effects distinct from its energy density; the dark ages acceleration can be constrained to last less than 5% of a Hubble e-fold time, exacerbating the coincidence problem. Both the total linear growth, or equivalently \\sigma_8, and the shape and evolution of the nonlinear mass power spectrum for zenergy behavior over the entire range z=0-1100.

Eric V. Linder

2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

149

Aging in attraction-driven colloidal glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging in an attraction-driven colloidal glass is studied by computer simulations. The system is equilibrated without attraction and instantaneously ``quenched'', at constant colloid volume fraction, to one of two states beyond the glass transition; one is close to the transition, and the other one deep in the glass. The evolution of structural properties shows that bonds form in the system, increasing the local density, creating density deficits (holes) elsewhere. This process slows down with the time elapsed since the quench. As a consequence of bond formation, there is a slowing down of the dynamics, as measured by the mean squared displacement and the density, bond, and environment correlation functions. The density correlations can be time-rescaled to collapse their long time (structural) decay. The time scale for structural relaxation shows for both quenches a super-linear dependence on waiting time; it grows faster than the bond lifetime, showing the collective origin of the transition. At long waiting times and high attraction strength, we observe {\\rem completely} arrested dynamics for more than three decades in time, although individual bonds are not permanent on this time scale. The localization length decreases as the state moves deeper in the glass; the non-ergodicity parameter oscillates in phase with the structure factor. Our main results are obtained for systems with a barrier in the pair potential that inhibits phase separation. However, when this barrier is removed for the case of a deep quench, we find changes in the static structure but almost none in the dynamics. Hence our results for the aging behavior remain relevant to experiments in which the glass transition competes with phase separation.

Antonio M. Puertas; Matthias Fuchs; Michael E. Cates

2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

150

Aging Effects on Craze Growth Under Stress Relaxation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aging Effects on Craze Growth Under Stress Relaxation Conditions. Mats Delin and Gregory B. McKenna, Polymers Division ...

151

Evolution of local dynamics and mechanical aging in soft ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Evolution of local dynamics and mechanical aging in soft solids. James Harden, The Johns Hopkins University. This talk ...

152

Accelerated Environmental Aging Effects and In-Situ ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Accelerated Environmental Aging Effects and In-Situ Functional Testing of Commercial Photovoltaic Modules T ...

153

Cable Aging Management Training Course for Low-Voltage Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The "EPRI PSE Cable Aging Training Course for Low-Voltage Cables" provides a basis for understanding of the aging of the insulation and jackets of electrical cables used in low-voltage systems. Practical techniques for determining which cables are prone to premature aging and for evaluating their condition are described. The course contains 11 modules. The first 9 modules describe the body of the cable aging management process. The last two modules, "Cable Failure Assessment" and "Performing a Walkdown o...

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

154

Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification: Revision 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This document provides specifications for selected system components of the Transportation, Aging and Disposal (TAD) canister-based system.

155

The Changing Face of Healthcare in the Electronic Age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Changing Face of Healthcare in the Electronic Age Post Hearing Questions Submission by NIST. Question 1: As part ...

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

156

Atomistic Predictions of Age Hardening in Al-Cu Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic Scale Deformation Mechanisms of Amorphous Polyethylene under Tensile Loading · Atomistic Predictions of Age Hardening in Al-Cu Alloys.

157

Theoretical Uncertainties in the Subgiant--Mass Age Relation and the Absolute Age of Omega Cen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The theoretical uncertainties in the calibration of the relationship between the subgiant mass and age in metal-poor stars are investigated using a Monte Carlo approach. Assuming that the mass and iron abundance of a subgiant star are known exactly, uncertainties in the input physics used to construct stellar evolution models and isochrones lead to a Gaussian 1-sigma uncertainty of +/-2.9% in the derived ages. The theoretical error budget is dominated by the uncertainties in the calculated opacities. Observations of detached double lined eclipsing binary OGLEGC-17 in the globular cluster Omega Cen have found that the primary is on the subgiant branch with a mass of M = 0.809+/-0.012 M_sun and [Fe/H]= -2.29+/-0.15 (Kaluzny et al. 2001). Combining the theoretical uncertainties with the observational errors leads to an age for OGLEGC-17 of 11.10+/-0.67 Gyr. The one-sided, 95% lower limit to the age of OGLEGC-17 is 10.06 Gyr, while the one-sided, 95% upper limit is 12.27 Gyr.

Brian Chaboyer; Lawrence M. Krauss

2002-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

158

http://roa.sagepub.com/ Research on Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://roa.sagepub.com/ Research on Aging http://roa.sagepub.com/content/32/4/499 The online online 5 March 2010Research on Aging Sheila Feld, Ruth E. Dunkle, Tracy Schroepfer and Huei-Wern Shen Spouses Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:Research on AgingAdditional services

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

159

Genetics of Aging in Caenorhabditis elegans Adam Antebi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Genetics of Aging in Caenorhabditis elegans Adam Antebi ABSTRACT A dissection of longevity Over the last 20 years, fundamental insights into the biology of aging have emerged through the study, the discovery that the single gene mutants age-1 and daf-2 could extend the short three-week life span 1­2-fold

Rosenberg, Noah

160

Time and Aging: A Physicist's Look at Gerontology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 6 Time and Aging: A Physicist's Look at Gerontology Jos Uffink To enter as a physicist physics has lots of interesting things to say about time, it has very little to say about aging. Moreover, the little it has to say about aging has no practical relevance for gerontology. I will avoid trying

Seevinck, Michiel

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Designing robotic avatars: are user's impression affected by avatar's age?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper explores the relationship between the aging cue of a robotic avatar and the level of intelligence and safety perceived by the elderly as users. This initial study found that the avatar aging cue indeed, affects the elderly in their perception ... Keywords: aging cue, avatar, elderly, embodied agent, interfaces, robotics, user experience

Angie Lorena Marin Mejia; Doori Jo; Sukhan Lee

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Aging, Estrogen Loss and Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids Alison R. Lee1.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging, Estrogen Loss and Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids (EETs) Alison R. Lee1. , Angela S. Pechenino1 loss, caused by menopause, and aging have inflammatory consequences. Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs cyclooxygenases and lipoxygenases. We hypothesized that aging and estrogen loss would reduce levels of anti

Hammock, Bruce D.

163

THE ROLE OF AGING AND ONCE-THROUGH-COOLED POWER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION THE ROLE OF AGING AND ONCE-THROUGH-COOLED POWER PLANTS IN CALIFORNIA Nyberg, Darryl Metz, Connie Leni. 2009. The Role of Aging and Once-Through-Cooled Power Plants .................................................................................................................5 CHAPTER 2: California's Aging and Once-Through-Cooled Plants

164

Minute Effects of Sex on the Aging Brain: A Multisample Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study of Healthy Aging and Alzheimer's Disease  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Age is associated with substantial macrostructural brain changes. While some recent magnetic resonance imaging studies have reported larger age effects in men than women, others find no sex differences. As brain morphometry ...

Fjell, Anders M.

165

Extruded Dielectrics for Transmission Cables: Evaluation of Aging Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the tasks proposed at the 2002 EPRI workshop on the aging of extruded transmission cables was to evaluate three recently developed theoretical aging models of electrical insulation. The three models were (1) the Thermodynamic Model of Aging of Extruded Insulation by J.P. Crine; (2) the Space Charge Aging Model by L.A. Dissado, G. Mazzanti, and G.C. Montanari (DMM); and (3) the Electromechanical Aging Model by T.J. Lewis. These three models are considered to be significant improvements over the emp...

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

166

The Sandia MEMS Passive Shock Sensor : dormancy and aging.  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an aging experiment that was established in FY09 and completed in FY10 for the Sandia MEMS Passive Shock Sensor. A total of 37 packages were aged at different temperatures and times, and were then tested after aging to determine functionality. Aging temperatures were selected at 100 C and 150 C, with times ranging from as short as 100 hours to as long as 1 year to simulate a predicted aging of up to 20 years. In all of the tests and controls, 100% of the devices continued to function normally.

Baker, Michael Sean; Tanner, Danelle Mary

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

The bronze age shipwreck at Sheytan Deresi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the fall of 1973, the newly formed (American) Institute of Nautical Archaeology conducted its first systematic underwater survey of the southwestern coast of Turkey with the goal of locating the first shipwreck to be subsequently excavated by the Institute. Of the 18 wreck sites identified during the survey, a site off Sheytan Deresi (Devil’s Creek) proved to be the one that attracted George Bass, director of the survey, as most meriting further study. During the excavation that followed in September and October 1975, the site produced a number of complete and fragmentary ceramic vessels that formed the main artifact assemblage. Although the ceramic vessels brought to light at Sheytan Deresi have been studied by George Bass, Roxani Margariti and others since the 1975 excavation, locating precise parallels for the assemblage proved a difficult task and resulted in a less than full understanding of the site. The following thesis represents a renewed effort to answer a number of questions still surrounding the Sheytan Deresi site. In addition to expanding the extensive search for parallels undertaken by Bass and Margariti, recent research has involved a number of scientific analyses, including petrographic analysis of the ceramic assemblage, luminescence dating of ceramic fragments, and elemental examination of the fabric through neutron activation analysis and energy dispersive spectroscopy. The use of three-dimensional modeling has been adopted for the purposes of site interpretation. Although the impact of this more holistic approach cannot be entirely foreseen at this time, a number of interesting hypotheses regarding the site can now be suggested. It appears that the ceramic assemblage, which is now conclusively of a single origin, may be of a specialized maritime nature, and likely belongs to the Middle Bronze Age, reminiscent of, but entirely similar to, regional types of Anatolian and Cretan vessels. These tentative conclusions, as well as an examination of the site itself, suggest that the (Minoanizing) ceramic assemblage of Sheytan Deresi stood witness to a fairly small Middle Bronze Age coastal trading vessel that capsized rounding a dangerous cape, not far from its point of origin. We are still not in a position to fully comprehend the wrecking event that took place at Sheytan Deresi, but we are now firmly on course towards reaching that objective.

Catsambis, Alexis

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Microsoft Word - CASS_Aging-LWRS_5YR_Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ORNL/LTR-2012/440 ORNL/LTR-2012/440 Light Water Reactor Sustainability Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan September 2012 Prepared by: T. S. Byun and J. T. Busby Oak Ridge National Laboratory This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or

169

Chapter 5, "License Renewal and Aging Management for Continued Service  

SciTech Connect

As of August 2011, there were 104 commercial nuclear power reactors licensed to operate in 31 states in the United States. Initial operating licenses in the United States are granted for a period of 40 years. In order to help assure an adequate energy supply, the USNRC has established a timely license renewal process and clear requirements that are needed to ensure safe plant operation for an extended plant life. The principals of license renewal and the basic requirements that address license renewal are identified as well as additional sources of guidance that can be utilized as part of the license renewal process. Aging management program inspections and operating experience related to the concrete and steel containment structures are provided. Finally, several lessons learned are provided based on containment operating experience.

Naus, Dan J [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Weldable, age hardenable, austenitic stainless steel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An age hardenable, austenitic stainless steel having superior weldability properties as well as resistance to degradation of properties in a hydrogen atmosphere is described. It has a composition of from about 24.0 to about 34.0 weight percent (w/o) nickel, from about 13.5 to about 16.0 w/o chromium, from about 1.9 to about 2.3 w/o titanium, from about 1.0 to about 1.5 w/ o molybdenum, from about 0.01 to about 0.05 w/o carbon, from about 0 to about 0.25 w/o manganese, from about 0 to about 0.01 w/o phosphorous and preferably about 0.005 w/o maximum, from about 0 to about 0.010 w/o sulfur and preferably about 0.005 w/o maximum, from about 0 to about 0.25 w/o silicon, from about 0.1 to about 0.35 w/o aluminum, from about 0.10 to about 0.50 w/o vanadium, from about 0 to about 0.0015 w/o boron, and the balance essentially iron. (auth)

Brooks, J.A.; Krenzer, R.W.

1975-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

171

Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan Cast Stainless Steel Aging Research Plan This work plan proposes to build a systematic knowledge base for the thermal aging behavior of cast stainless steels (CASSs) within a limited time of five years. The final output of execution of the plan is expected to provide conclusive predictions for the integrity of the CASS components of LWR power plants during the extended service life up to and beyond 60 years. Mechanical and microstructural data obtained through accelerated aging experiment and computational simulation will be the key input for the prediction of CASS behaviors and for the integrity analyses for various CASS components. While the accelerated aging experiment and computational simulation results will comprise the main components of the knowledge base

172

Chelation: A Fundamental Mechanism of Action of AGE Inhibitors, AGE Breakers, and Other Inhibitors of Diabetes Complications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced glycation or glycoxidation end-products (AGE) increase in tissue proteins with age, and their rate of accumulation is increased in diabetes, nephropathy and inflammatory diseases. AGE inhibitors include a range of compounds that are proposed to act by trapping carbonyl and dicarbonyl intermediates in AGE formation. However, some among the newer generation of AGE inhibitors lack reactive functional groups that would trap reaction intermediates, indicating an alternative mechanism of action. We propose that AGE inhibitors function primarily as chelators, inhibiting metal-catalyzed oxidation reactions. The AGE-inhibitory activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers is also consistent with their chelating activity. Finally, compounds described as AGE breakers, or their hydrolysis products, also have strong chelating activity, suggesting that these compounds also act through their chelating activity. We conclude that chelation is the common, and perhaps the primary, mechanism of action of AGE inhibitors and breakers, and that chronic, mild chelation therapy should prove useful in treatment of diabetes and age-related diseases characterized by oxidative stress, inflammation and increased chemical modification of tissue proteins by advanced glycoxidation and lipoxidation end-products.

Nagai, Rhoji; Murray, David B.; Metz, Thomas O.; Baynes, John

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

In search of information on websites: a question of age?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To fight against info-exclusion in an aging society, it is important to make website information available to all generations. If we want to achieve this goal we need to know the impact of not only age but also gender, educational background and frequency ... Keywords: age differences, digital immigrants, digital natives, digital spectrum, digitalgap, eye-tracking, information search behaviour, navigation patterns, usability, web design

Eugène Loos

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Aging, Fragility and Reversibility Window in Bulk Alloy Glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-reversing relaxation enthalpies (DHnr) at glass transitions Tg(x) in the PxGexSe1-2x ternary display wide, sharp and deep global minima (~ 0) in the 0.09 age, in contrast to aging observed for fragile glass compositions outside the window. Thermal reversibility and lack of aging seem to be paradigms of self-organization which molecular glasses share with protein structures which repetitively and reversibly change conformation near Tg and the folding temperature respectively.

S. Chakravarty; D. G. Georgiev; P. Boolchand; M. Micoulaut

2007-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Review of Equipment Aging Theory and Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reviews the theory and technology of equipment aging particularly as they relate to the qualification of safety-system equipment for nuclear power generating stations.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

PROPOSAL Characterization of Field and Lab Aged Cables  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DoE Peer Review Nov 2010 2 * Underground cable system infrastructure is complex and aging. * Failures are increasing * If not addressed then old infrastructure will not support...

177

Precipitates in Long Term Aging Al 5083 Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Precipitates in Long Term Aging Al 5083 Alloy. Author(s), Gaosong Yi. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Gaosong Yi. Abstract Scope, Al 5083 alloy ...

178

Two-Sensor System for Absolute Age and Temperature History  

absolute age and/or temperature history of a device or system starting from the time it is assembled or commissioned. Ideally this information could ...

179

Effects of Aging Parameters on the Mechanical Properties in Corson ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present study, the influences of solution treatments, prior cold drawings and aging treatments on mechanical properties in Corson alloy with high ...

180

Signatures of Dynamic Strain Aging – The Mechanical Threshold ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At elevated temperatures, but even at temperatures well below one-half the melting point, dynamic strain aging (DSA) can influence the stress-strain curve in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

TIP Project Brief 090060 Robotic Rehabilitation of Aging ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... most of which, unfortunately, are aging and in ... reinforced polymers for civil infrastructure rehabilitation; the ... the East Bay Municipal Utility District; the ...

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

182

Plant Engineering: Cable Aging Management Program Implementation Guidance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes issues identified during the initial implementation of low- and medium-voltage cable aging management programs by utilities and presents possible resolutions and guidance.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Cosmic age problem revisited in the holographic dark energy model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Because of an old quasar APM 08279 + 5255 at $z=3.91$, some dark energy models face the challenge of the cosmic age problem. It has been shown by Wei and Zhang [Phys. Rev. D {\\bf 76}, 063003 (2007)] that the holographic dark energy model is also troubled with such a cosmic age problem. In order to accommodate this old quasar and solve the age problem, we propose in this paper to consider the interacting holographic dark energy in a non-flat universe. We show that the cosmic age problem can be eliminated when the interaction and spatial curvature are both involved in the holographic dark energy model.

Cui, Jinglei

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Age Inversiones in Media Ambiente AIMA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product Invests in projects that aim to generate energy from biodegradable residues and waste. References Age Inversiones in Media Ambiente (AIMA)1 LinkedIn Connections...

185

Manhattan Project: Postscript--The Nuclear Age, 1945-Present  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Government-suggested fallout shelter design, 1950s POSTSCRIPT--THE NUCLEAR AGE Government-suggested fallout shelter design, 1950s POSTSCRIPT--THE NUCLEAR AGE (1945-Present) Events Informing the Public, August 1945 The Manhattan Engineer District, 1945-1946 First Steps toward International Control, 1944-1945 Search for a Policy on International Control, 1945 Negotiating International Control, 1945-1946 Civilian Control of Atomic Energy, 1945-1946 Operation Crossroads, July 1946 The VENONA Intercepts, 1946-1980 The Cold War, 1945-1990 Nuclear Proliferation, 1949-present Joe 1, the first Soviet atomic test, August 29, 1949. The end of the Second World War brought with it a whole new set of issues and problems, not least of which was the dilemma of what to do with the nuclear genie now that he had been let out of the bottle. In the United States, and around the world, news of the atomic bomb created among the public a sense of shock and awe. Manhattan Engineer District officials took certain obvious steps such as slowing down the program from its wartime pace, but the assembly of additional nuclear weapons did quietly continue.

186

Aging Impacts Transcriptome but not Genome of Hormone-dependent Breast Cancers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biological basis linking aging with sporadic breast cancerTranslational Research at the Aging and Cancer Interface.Changes Associated with Aging. Cancer Res 2004, 64:8550-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Additive effects of aging and HIV infection on category verbal fluency : an analysis of component processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E. B. (2003). Alcohol, aging, and cognitive performance: Acomparison. Journal of Aging and Health, 15, 371-390.2006). Neural plasticity in the aging brain. Nature Reviews

Iudicello, Jennifer E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Basis and implications of the CAP88 age-specific dose coefficients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent versions of CAP88 incorporate age-specific dose coefficients based on biokinetic and dosimetric models applied in Federal Guidance Report 13, Cancer Risk Coefficients for Environmental Exposure to Radionuclides (EPA 1999). With a few exceptions the models are those recommended in a series of reports by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) on estimation of doses to the public from environmental radionuclides. This paper describes the basis for the ICRP s age-specific biokinetic and dosimetric models and examines differences with age in the derived dose coefficients and in estimates of dose per unit exposure based on those coefficients.

Leggett, Richard Wayne [ORNL; Scofield, Patricia A [ORNL; Eckerman, Keith F [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Natural Versus Artificial Aging of Nuclear Power Plant Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Examination of test specimens, placed in eight operating reactors during this study, will provide information on the long-term aging effects of plant environments on cabling and electrical components. Material property data, when compared with measured degradation in artificially aged specimens, will help improve predictions of the safe, useful life of plant equipment.

1986-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Nuclear power plant Generic Aging Lessons Learned (GALL). Appendix B  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this generic aging lessons learned (GALL) review is to provide a systematic review of plant aging information in order to assess materials and component aging issues related to continued operation and license renewal of operating reactors. Literature on mechanical, structural, and thermal-hydraulic components and systems reviewed consisted of 97 Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) reports, 23 NRC Generic Letters, 154 Information Notices, 29 Licensee Event Reports (LERs), 4 Bulletins, and 9 Nuclear Management and Resources Council Industry Reports (NUMARC IRs) and literature on electrical components and systems reviewed consisted of 66 NPAR reports, 8 NRC Generic Letters, 111 Information Notices, 53 LERs, 1 Bulletin, and 1 NUMARC IR. More than 550 documents were reviewed. The results of these reviews were systematized using a standardized GALL tabular format and standardized definitions of aging-related degradation mechanisms and effects. The tables are included in volume s 1 and 2 of this report. A computerized data base has also been developed for all review tables and can be used to expedite the search for desired information on structures, components, and relevant aging effects. A survey of the GALL tables reveals that all ongoing significant component aging issues are currently being addressed by the regulatory process. However, the aging of what are termed passive components has been highlighted for continued scrutiny. This report consists of Volume 2, which consists of the GALL literature review tables for the NUMARC Industry Reports reviewed for the report.

Kasza, K.E.; Diercks, D.R.; Holland, J.W.; Choi, S.U. [and others

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The effect of chrome adhesion layer on quartz resonator aging.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This SAND report documents a late start LDRD designed to determine the possible aging effects of a quartz resonator gold adhesion layer. Sandia uses quartz resonators for applications. These applications require a very stable frequency source with excellent aging (low drift) characteristics. These parts are manufactured by one of our qualified vendors outside Sandia Laboratories, Statek Corp. Over the years we, Sandia and the vendor, have seen aging variations that have not been completely explained by the typical mechanisms known in the industry. One theory was that the resonator metallization may be contributing to the resonator aging. This LDRD would allow us to test and analyze a group of resonators with known differentiating metallization and via accelerated aging determine if a chrome adhesion layer used to accept the final gold plating may contribute to poor aging. We worked with our main vendor to design and manufacture a set of quartz resonators with a wide range of metallization thickness ratios between the chrome and gold that will allow us determine the cause of this aging and which plating thickness ratios provide the best aging performance while not degrading other key characteristics.

Wessendorf, Kurt O.; Ohlhausen, James Anthony

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Aging and user disfunctionings: implications for information system design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Researches in ergonomics are carried out on factors of work inducing a premature ageing or pathologies, with the purpose of designing or improving workplaces, devices and organisations less noxious for the health or more compatible with possible handicaps ... Keywords: ageing, elderly, ergonomics

Jean-Claude Sperandio

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

The effects of aging on BWR core isolation cooling systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study was performed to assess the effects of aging on the Reactor Core Isolation Cooling (RCIC) system in commercial Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs). This study is part of the Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) program sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The objectives of this program are to provide an understanding of the aging process and how it affects plant safety so that it can be properly managed. This is one of a number of studies performed under the NPAR program which provide a technical basis for the identification and evaluation of degradation caused by age. The failure data from national databases, as well as plant specific data were reviewed and analyzed to understand the effects of aging on the RCIC system. This analysis identified important components that should receive the highest priority in terms of aging management. The aging characterization provided information on the effects of aging on component failure frequency, failure modes, and failures causes. Current inspection, surveillance, and monitoring practices were also reviewed.

Lee, B.S. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Twin boundary cavitation in aged type 304 stainless steel  

SciTech Connect

A transition from grain to twin boundary cavitation was observed in aged- and-creep-tested type 304 stainless steel. Evidence of twin boundary cavitation has also been observed for unaged material under certain test conditions. This same behavior was also found in aged type 316 stainless steel. Several possible reasons have been suggested for the absence of frequently observed grain boundary cavitation. (auth)

Sikka, V.K.; Swindeman, R.W.; Brinkman, C.R.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

196

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

197

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

198

Property:HostRockAge | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HostRockAge HostRockAge Jump to: navigation, search Property Name HostRockAge Property Type String Description Describes the age of the reservoir rock by epoch, era, or period per available data. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 10 subproperties: B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area C Chena Geothermal Area D Desert Peak Geothermal Area G Geysers Geothermal Area R Raft River Geothermal Area Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S Salton Sea Geothermal Area Steamboat Springs Geothermal Area W Wabuska Hot Springs Geothermal Area Pages using the property "HostRockAge" Showing 11 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + Mesozoic + B Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + Triassic + C Coso Geothermal Area + Mesozoic +

199

The role of aging in resolving the ferrocyanide safety issue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A chemical process called aging, in which stored ferrocyanide waste could be dissolved and dispersed among waste tanks, or destroyed by radiolysis and hydrolysis, has been proposed at the Hanford Site. This paper summarizes the results of applied research, characterization, and modeling activities on Hanford Site ferrocyanide waste material that support the existence of a chemical aging mechanism. Test results from waste simulants and actual waste tank materials are presented and compared with theoretical estimates. Chemical and energetic behavior of the materials are the key indicators of destruction or dispersion. Screening experiments on vendor-prepared sodium nickel ferrocyanide and the initial results from core sampling support the concept that aging of ferrocyanide is taking place in the waste tanks at the Hanford Site. This report defines the concept of waste aging and explains the role that aging could play in resolving the Hanford Site ferrocyanide safety issue.

Babad, H.; Meacham, J.E.; Simpson, B.C.; Cash, R.J.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Catastrophic senescence and semelparity in the Penna aging model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The catastrophic senescence of the Pacific salmon is among the initial tests used to validate the Penna aging model. Based on the mutation accumulation theory, the sudden decrease in fitness following reproduction may be solely attributed to the semelparity of the species. In this work, we report other consequences of mutation accumulation. Contrary to earlier findings, such dramatic manifestation of aging depends not only on the choice of breeding strategy but also on the value of the reproduction age, R, and the mutation threshold, T. Senescence is catastrophic when T\\leq R. As the organism's tolerance for harmful genetic mutations increases, the aging process becomes more gradual. We observe senescence that is threshold dependent whenever T>R. That is, the sudden drop in survival rate occurs at age equal to the mutation threshold value.

Pinol, C M N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The distribution of stellar population age in galactic bars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent analysis of stellar populations in barred galaxies have focused on the spatial distribution of stellar population ages and metallicities. However, barred galaxies are complex objects where dynamical instabilities play a leading role in shaping any spatial distribution. The age distribution of stellar populations should thus be analyzed from the two points of view of stellar population evolution and dynamical secular evolution. Chemodynamical simulations of single barred galaxies with simple but realistic star formation and feedback recipes are used to produce face-on mass-weighted maps of stellar population ages. Luminosity-weighted maps in V-band are also displayed after calibrating the simulation with mass-to-light ratios provided by a synthesis population model. It is shown that inside a stellar bar two persistent diametrically opposed regions display a mean age lower than the surrounding average. These two low-age regions are due to the accumulation of young stellar populations trapped on elliptica...

Wozniak, H

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants-pumps  

SciTech Connect

This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) describes recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in BWR and PWR commercial nuclear power plant pumps important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

Booker, S.; Katz, D.; Daavettila, N.; Lehnert, D. [MDC-Ogden Environmental and Energy Services, Southfield, MI (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

204

Globular Cluster Ages and the Formation of the Galactic Halo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Main sequence turnoff magnitudes from the recent set of Yale isochrones (Chaboyer \\ea 1995) have been combined with a variety of relations for the absolute magnitude of RR Lyr stars (\\mvrr) to calibrate age as a function of the difference in magnitude between the main sequence turn-off and the horizontal branch (\\dv). A best estimate for the calibration of \\mvrr is derived from a survey of the current literature: $\\mvrr = 0.20 \\feh + 0.98$. This estimate, together with other calibrations (with slopes ranging from 0.15 to 0.30) has been used to derive \\dv ages for 43 Galactic globular clusters. Independent of the choice of \\mvrr, there is no strong evidence for an age-Galacto\\-centric distance relationship among the 43 globular clusters. However, an age-metallicity relation exists, with the metal-poor clusters being the oldest. A study of the age distribution reveals that an age range of 5 Gyr exists among the bulk of the globular clusters. In addition, about 10\\% of the sample are substantially younger, and including them in the analysis increases the age range to 9 Gyr. Once again, these statements are independent of the \\mvrr ~relation. Evidence for age being the second parameter governing horizontal branch morphology is found by comparing the average \\dv ~age of the second parameter clusters to the normal clusters. The second parameter clusters are found to be on average 2 - 3 Gyr younger than the other clusters, which is consistent with age being the second parameter. These results suggest that globular clusters were formed over an extended period of time, with progressively more metal-rich globular clusters ($\\feh \\ga -1.7$) being formed at later times.

Brian Chaboyer; P. Demarque; Ata Sarajedini

1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

205

An assessment of fire vulnerability for aged electrical relays  

SciTech Connect

There has been some concern that, as nuclear power plants age, protective measures taken to control and minimize the impact of fire may become ineffective, or significantly less effective, and hence result in an increased fire risk. One objective of the Fire Vulnerability of Aged Electrical Components Program is to assess the effects of aging and service wear on the fire vulnerability of electrical equipment. An increased fire vulnerability of components may lead to an overall increase in fire risk to the plant. Because of their widespread use in various electrical safety systems, electromechanical relays were chosen to be the initial components for evaluation. This test program assessed the impact of operational and thermal aging on the vulnerability of these relays to fire-induced damage. Only thermal effects of a fire were examined in this test program. The impact of smoke, corrosive materials, or fire suppression effects on relay performance were not addressed in this test program. The purpose of this test program was to assess whether the fire vulnerability of electrical relays increased with aging. The sequence followed for the test program was to: identify specific relay types, develop three fire scenarios, artificially age several relays, test the unaged and aged relays in the fire exposure scenarios, and compare the results. The relays tested were Agastat GPI, General Electric (GE) HMA, HGA, and HFA. At least two relays of each type were artificially aged and at least two relays of each type were new. Relays were operationally aged by cycling the relay under rated load for 2,000 operations. These relays were then thermally aged for 60 days with their coil energized.

Vigil, R.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)]|[Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Nowlen, S.P. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

EPRI Forensics Library of Aged Transformers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers the results of ongoing efforts to develop a transformer forensics library. As a first step, the report provides a standard reporting template to ensure that all relevant information is gathered in a consistent manner. In addition, five case studies are presented as part of the effort to develop the library. Each forensics study examines both the physical evidence of the condition or failure of the unit and its available history, including previous test results, monitoring data, and tea...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

207

The Health of Aging Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Adults in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March 2011 The Health of Aging Lesbian, Gay and Bisexualpopulation-level data on aging LGB adults (ages 50-70)care appears similar for aging LGB and heterosexual adults,

Wallace, Steven P.; Cochran, Susan D.; Durazo, Eva M.; Ford, Chandra L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Medical Waiver Male participants over 45 years of age and female participants over 55 years of age are required  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medical Waiver Male participants over 45 years of age and female participants over 55 years of age are required to submit a Medical Waiver signed by their physician before participation in the Recreation of heart disease) are required to submit the Medical Waiver signed by their physician regardless

Spence, Harlan Ernest

209

The Relative Age of the Thin and Thick Galactic Disks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the relative ages of the open cluster NGC 188 and selected Hipparcos field stars by isochrone fitting, and compare them to the age of the thick disk globular cluster 47 Tuc. The best fit age for NGC 188 was determined to be $6.5 \\pm 1.0$ Gyr. The solar metallicity Hipparcos field stars yielded a slightly older thin disk age, $7.5 \\pm 0.7$ Gyr. Two slightly metal-poor ($\\feh = -0.22$) field stars whose kinematic and orbital parameters indicate that they are members of the thin disk were found to have an age of $9.7\\pm 0.6$ Gyr. The age for 47 Tuc was determined to be $12.5 \\pm 1.5$ Gyr. All errors are internal errors due to the uncertainty in the values of metallicity and reddening. Thus, the oldest stars dated in the thin disk are found to be $2.8\\pm 1.6$ Gyr younger than 47 Tuc. Furthermore, as discussed by \\citet{Chb99} 47 Tuc has a similar age to three globular clusters located in the inner part of the Galactic halo, implying that star formation in the thin disk started within $2.8\\pm 1.6$ Gyr of star formation in the halo.

Wilson M. Liu; Brian Chaboyer

2000-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

210

Recommendations for the treatment of aging in standard technical specifications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Nuclear Plant Aging Research Program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) evaluated the standard technical specifications for nuclear power plants to determine whether the current surveillance requirements (SRs) were effective in detecting age-related degradation. Nuclear Plant Aging Research findings for selected systems and components were reviewed to identify the stressors and operative aging mechanisms and to evaluate the methods available to detect, differentiate, and trend the resulting aging degradation. Current surveillance and testing requirements for these systems and components were reviewed for their effectiveness in detecting degraded conditions and for potential contributions to premature degradation. When the current surveillance and testing requirements appeared ineffective in detecting aging degradation or potentially could contribute to premature degradation, a possible deficiency in the SRs was identified that could result in undetected degradation. Based on this evaluation, PNL developed recommendations for inspection, surveillance, trending, and condition monitoring methods to be incorporated in the SRs to better detect age- related degradation of these selected systems and components.

Orton, R.D.; Allen, R.P.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Aging phenomena in PMMA thin films -- memory and rejuvenation effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging dynamics in thin films of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) have been investigated through dielectric measurements for different types of aging processes. The dielectric constant was found to decrease with increasing aging time at an aging temperature in many cases. An increase in the dielectric constant was also observed in the long time region ($\\ge$11h) near the glass transition temperature for thin films with thickness less than 26nm. In the constant rate mode including a temporary stop at a temperature $T_a$, the memory of the aging at $T_a$ was found to be kept and then to be recalled during the subsequent heating process. In the negative temperature cycling process, a strong rejuvenation effect has been observed after the temperature shift from the initial temperature $T_1$ to the second temperature $T_2$($=T_1+\\Delta T$) when $\\Delta T\\approx -20$K. Furthermore, a full memory effect has also been observed for the temperature shift from $T_2$ to $T_1$. This suggests that the aging at $T_1$ is totally independent of that at $T_2$ for $\\Delta T\\approx -20$K. As $|\\Delta T|$ decreases, the independence of the aging between the two temperatures was found to be weaken, $i.e.,$ the effective time, which is a measure of the contribution of the aging at $T_1$ to that at $T_2$, is a decreasing function of $|\\Delta T|$ in the negative region of $\\Delta T$. As the film thickness decreases from 514nm to 26nm, the $|\\Delta T|$ dependence of the effective time was found to become much stronger. The contribution of the aging at $T_2$ to that at $T_1$ disappears more rapidly with increasing $|\\Delta T|$ in thin film geometry than in the bulk state.

Koji Fukao; Aiko Sakamoto

2004-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

212

AGE-1 WALLEYE POLLOCK IN THE EASTERN BERING SEA: DISTRIBUTION, ABUNDANCE, DIET, AND ENERGY DENSITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AGE-1 WALLEYE POLLOCK IN THE EASTERN BERING SEA: DISTRIBUTION, ABUNDANCE, DIET, AND ENERGY DENSITY performed at sea · Energy density estimated using bomb calorimetry for samples from BASIS and MACE surveys · Confirm ages of age-0 and age-1 pollock using otoliths · Distribution of age-1's further north than age-0

213

The Consortium for Social Work Training in Aging: Schools of social work in partnership with county departments of adult and aging services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

knowledge and misconceptions about aging: Responses toPalmore's Facts on Aging quizzes. The Ger- ontologist,32,of Palmore's second facts on aging quiz from a true-false to

Scharlach, Andrew E; Robinson, B K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Phenomenology of ageing in the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study ageing during surface growth processes described by the one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation. Starting from a flat initial state, the systems undergo simple ageing in both correlators and linear responses and its dynamical scaling is characterised by the ageing exponents a=-1/3, b=-2/3, lambda_C=lambda_R=1 and z=3/2. The form of the autoresponse scaling function is well described by the recently constructed logarithmic extension of local scale-invariance.

Malte Henkel; Jae Dong Noh; Michel Pleimling

2011-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

215

Forecasting cosmological constraints from age of high-z galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We perform Monte Carlo simulations based on current age estimates of high-z objects to forecast constraints on the equation of state (EoS) of the dark energy. In our analysis, we use two different EoS parameterizations, namely, the so-called CPL and its uncorrelated form and calculate the improvements on the figure of merit for both cases. Although there is a clear dependence of the FoM with the size and accuracy of the synthetic age samples, we find that the most substantial gain in FoM comes from a joint analysis involving age and baryon acoustic oscillation data.

C. A. P. Bengaly Jr.; M. A. Dantas; J. C. Carvalho; J. S. Alcaniz

2013-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

216

The Consortium for Social Work Training in Aging: Schools of social work in partnership with county departments of adult and aging services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE CONSORTIUM FOR SOCIAL WORK TRAINING IN AGING: SCHOOLS OFan innovative collaborative training model that includedand aging services, and enhanced training capacity of county

Scharlach, Andrew E; Robinson, B K

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioscience Bioscience Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

218

Author age prediction from text using linear regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the study of the connection between discourse patterns and personal identification is decades old, the study of these patterns using language technologies is relatively recent. In that more recent tradition we frame author age prediction from text ...

Dong Nguyen; Noah A. Smith; Carolyn P. Rosé

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Wednesday, 17 April 2013 07:23 Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

220

Tensile-property characterization of thermally aged cast stainless steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of thermal aging on tensile properties of cast stainless steels during service in light water reactors has been evaluated. Tensile data for several experimental and commercial heats of cast stainless steels are presented. Thermal aging increases the tensile strength of these steels. The high-C Mo-bearing CF-8M steels are more susceptible to thermal aging than the Mo-free CF-3 or CF-8 steels. A procedure and correlations are presented for predicting the change in tensile flow and yield stresses and engineering stress-vs.-strain curve of cast stainless steel as a function of time and temperature of service. The tensile properties of aged cast stainless steel are estimated from known material information, i.e., chemical composition and the initial tensile strength of the steel. The correlations described in this report may be used for assessing thermal embrittlement of cast stainless steel components.

Michaud, W.F.; Toben, P.T.; Soppet, W.K.; Chopra, O.K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Influence of Zn Additions on Age Hardening Response and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on Age Hardening Response and Microstructure of Mg-0.3at.%Ca Alloys. Author(s), Keiichiro Oh-ishi, Chamini L Mendis, Ryuichi Watanabe, Kazuhiro Hono.

222

Users, technology and space in libraries in the digital age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a user research study of emerging issues in the use of libraries as public spaces and as information repositories in the digital age. Till recently strong physicality was attached to the library with the ...

G-Chandorkar, Tripti (Gore-Chandorkar)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Mo Type Phase in Long-Term Aged INCONEL Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FORMATION OF A PtzMo TYPE PHASE IN LONG-TERM AGED lNCONEL@ ALLOY 686. Michael G. ... formation of a low-temperature iutermetallic Pt*Mo type .

224

Compressive Seal Development: Combined Ageing and Thermal Cycling Compressive  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to evaluate the combined aging and cycling effect on hybrid Phlogopite mica seals with respect to materials and interfacial degradations in a simulated SOFC environment.

Chou, M.Y-S.; Stevenson, J.W.; Singh, P.

2005-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

225

Late Pleistocene Ice Age Scenarios Based on Observational Evidence  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ice age scenarios for the last glacial-interglacial cycle, based on observations of Boyle and Keigwin concerning the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation and of Barnola et al. concerning atmospheric C02 variations derived from the Vostok ice ...

G. DeBlonde; W. R. Peltier

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism...

227

Effect of Isothermal Aging and Thermal Cycling on Interfacial IMC ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The growth of IMCs of SnAgCu/Cu solder joint in isothermal aging and thermal cycling, was investigated with the focus on the growth kinetics.

228

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioscience Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair...

229

Service settings for an aging society : a community ordering principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current facility models used in the design of housing and service settings for older people encourage the development of urban, large scale, age-segregated institutional environments. Research has either unwittingly or ...

Nelson, Gaius Grant

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. Potentially Productive Reservoirs and Plays Assessed by...

231

OH-Initiated Heterogeneous Aging of Highly Oxidized Organic Aerosol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The oxidative evolution (“aging”) of organic species in the atmosphere is thought to have a major influence on the composition and properties of organic particulate matter but remains poorly understood, particularly for ...

Kessler, Sean Herbert

232

Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging Links between persistent DNA damage, genome instability, and aging William Dynan Medical College of Georgia Abstract There is considerable overlap between cellular and molecular changes that occur in response to low doses of ionizing radiation and those that occur during aging. Both processes are characterized by accumulation of persistent DNA damage ("wear and tear" on the genome), accumulation of protein and lipid oxidation products, loss of regenerative capacity at the cellular and tissue level, and increased incidence of cancer. These observations support a hypothesis that exposure to low-dose ionizing radiation accelerates normal, aging-related tissue changes. We have investigated this hypothesis using a genetically tractable model organism, the Japanese medaka fish. The medaka is a whole-animal vertebrate

233

Record linkage in an information age society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As we move into the 21st century the acquisition, generation, distribution, and application of statistical knowledge in a timely fashion will become more important. Required are innovations in terms of the products, technologies, and the way in which we generate, disseminate, and use statistical data and information. It is anticipated that work units will shrink, funding will be limited, and there will be greater analytical uses of administrative, as well as survey and census data. There may need to be a fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes and workplaces. Today’s market, customer values and technologies are changing rapidly. Standards, cooperation and collaboration of various agencies, and software developments are very important. Access and control of sensitive information as well as the technical aspects of confidentiality are necessary. Data integration of a number of different sources, including census, survey, registry and administrative files in a variety of economic and social areas are sometimes required. The quality of the statistical information is also of concern. One useful tool that has been developed for generating and using statistical data is computerized record linkage. Anticipated new developments and applications of this methodology for the 21st century are described. Emphasis is placed on the health area, particularly in these times of health reform. Over the past 15 years, generalized systems have been developed at Statistics Canada. Briefly described is a new version of a generalized record linkage system (GRLS.V3) that is being put into place to carry out internal and two-file linkages. With an earlier mainframe system, large-scale death and cancer linkages for members of survey and other cohorts have been shown to be practicable using the Canadian Mortality Data Base, the Canadian Cancer Data Base and the Canadian Birth Data Base. This approach has greatly reduced respondent burden, lowered survey costs, and greatly refined the detection and measurements of differences in geographic, socio-economic and occupational groups. Some of the past successes are described, particularly where longitudinal follow-up and creation of new sampling frames are required. For example, the Nutrition Canada

Martha E. Fair; Statistics Canada

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Aging Chamber Report Tool (ACRT) Version 5.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 230kV Accelerated Aging Chamber is a multi-year test of more than 50 polymer and fiberglass components.  Photographic inspections occur twice a year.  Thousands of photographs accumulate making conventional reports difficult to read.  This reporting tool enables the reader to jump from component to component and inspection to inspection.  The reader can easily compare components at different levels of aging.  This tool will make reviewing the important results of this ...

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

235

Aging Chamber Report Tool (ACRT) v6.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 230kV Accelerated Aging Chamber is a multi-year test of more than 50 polymer and fiberglass components.  Photographic inspections occur twice a year.  Thousands of photographs accumulate making conventional reports difficult to read.  This reporting tool enables the reader to jump from component to component and inspection to inspection.  The reader can easily compare components at different levels of aging.  This tool will make reviewing the important results of this ...

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

236

Accelerated Aging Test of High-Temperature Conductor and Connectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the research on high-temperature low-sag (HTLS) advanced conductors, this project investigates the long-term performance of commercially available advanced conductors to complement the field demonstration project, which provided information on handling and stringing of these conductors. The report provides preliminary results from the accelerated aging tests conducted on various types of HTLS conductors and their connectors. The objective of the accelerated aging tests is to determine the ...

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

237

Big Rock Point Aged Material Sampling Program -- Project Closeout Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In submitting an application for license renewal for a nuclear power plant, utilities must demonstrate that aging effects applicable to plant components will be effectively managed during the extended operating term. Destructive and non-destructive evaluation of components in operating plants provides particularly relevant information on aging effects and mechanisms that can be used to support a license renewal submittal. Such information is difficult to obtain. This report describes an effort to obtain ...

2002-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

238

Accident sequence precursor events with age-related contributors  

SciTech Connect

The Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) Program at ORNL analyzed about 14.000 Licensee Event Reports (LERs) filed by US nuclear power plants 1987--1993. There were 193 events identified as precursors to potential severe core accident sequences. These are reported in G/CR-4674. Volumes 7 through 20. Under the NRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research program, the authors evaluated these events to determine the extent to which component aging played a role. Events were selected that involved age-related equipment degradation that initiated an event or contributed to an event sequence. For the 7-year period, ORNL identified 36 events that involved aging degradation as a contributor to an ASP event. Except for 1992, the percentage of age-related events within the total number of ASP events over the 7-year period ({approximately}19%) appears fairly consistent up to 1991. No correlation between plant ape and number of precursor events was found. A summary list of the age-related events is presented in the report.

Murphy, G.A.; Kohn, W.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

239

Engineering study - alternatives for SHMS high temperature/moisture gas sample conditioners for the aging waste facility  

SciTech Connect

The Standard Hydrogen Monitoring Systems have been experiencing high temperature/moisture problems with gas samples from the Aging Waste Tanks. These moist hot gas samples have stopped the operation of the SHMS units on tanks AZ-101, AZ-102, and AY-102. This study looks at alternatives for gas sample conditioners for the Aging Waste Facility.

THOMPSON, J.F.

1999-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

240

Exercise training modulates apoptotic signaling in the aging rat heart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging is characterized by a progressive decline in cardiac function. A critical contributor to the age-related impairment in heart function is the loss of cardiac myocytes through ??apoptosis??, or programmed cell death. A dramatic increase in the rate of apoptosis has been reported with aging in the rat left ventricle. In contrast, exercise training not only improves cardiac function, but also reduces the risk of heart disease. However, the ability of exercise training to modulate apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the aging heart remains unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exercise training on apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the aging heart. We hypothesized that (1) aging would increase pro-apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the rat left ventricle, and (2) exercise training would ameliorate upregulation of Bcl-2 family-driven apoptosis in the heart. Four and 25 month old Fischer-344 rats were assigned to four groups: young control (YC), young trained (YT), old control (OC), and old trained (OT). Exercise training groups ran on a treadmill for 60 min/day at 15 m/min (15? incline), 5 d/wk for 12 wk. Protein expression of Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-9, and cleaved caspase-3 was measured using Western immunoblot analysis. Apoptosis (DNA fragmentation) was assessed using a cell death detection ELISA. Bax levels in OC were dramatically higher (+176.0%) compared to YC. In contrast, exercise training resulted in a significant decrease (-53.4%) in Bax in OT compared to OC. Bcl-2 levels in OC were lower (-26.3%) compared to YC. Conversely, exercise training significantly increased Bcl-2 levels by 117.8% in OT compared to OC. Caspase-9 levels were higher (+98.7%) in OC than YC, while exercise training significantly reduced caspase-9 levels in YT (-52.6%) and OT (-76.9%), respectively. Aging resulted in a dramatic increase (+122.8%) in cleaved caspase-3 levels and a significant decrease (-32.9%) with exercise training. Finally, apoptosis (DNA fragmentation) significantly increased (+163.8%) with aging and decreased (-43.9%) with exercise training. These novel data indicate that aging increases pro-apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the left ventricle, while exercise training is effective in diminishing pro-apoptotic signaling and apoptosis in the aging heart.

Kwak, Hyo Bum

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Age and Growth of King Mackerel, Scomberomorus cavalla, From the U.S. Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Age and Growth of King Mackerel, Scomberomorus cavalla, From the U.S. Gulf of Mexico CHARLES S and Gulf of Mexico coasts of the United States has been thor oughly documented (Manooch et aI., 1978 resources (mackerels) in the Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic region. final amendment I 1985 Gulf of Mexico

242

Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Enzyme Structure Provides Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Enzyme Structure Provides Insights into Cancer and Aging Print Wednesday, 25 February 2009 00:00 XPD helicase is an enzyme that unwinds the DNA double helix; it is one component of an essential repair mechanism that maintains the integrity of DNA. XPD is unique, however, in that pinpoint mutations of this single protein are responsible for three different human diseases: in xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), extreme sensitivity to sunlight promotes cancer; Cockayne syndrome (CS) involves stunted growth and premature aging; trichothiodystrophy (TTD), characterized by brittle hair and scaly skin, is another form of greatly accelerated aging. At the ALS, researchers from Berkeley Lab and The Scripps Research Institute recently solved the structure of XPD. The structure gives novel insight into the processes of aging and cancer by revealing how discrete flaws-as seemingly insignificant as a change in either of two adjacent amino acid residues-can lead to diseases with completely different physical manifestations.

243

Aging tests of ethylene contaminated argon/ethane  

SciTech Connect

We report on aging tests of argon/ethane gas with a minor (1800 ppM) component of ethylene. The measurements were first conducted with the addition of alcohol to test the suppression of aging by this additive, with exposure up to {approx}1.5 C/cm. Tests have included: a proportional tube with ethanol, another with isopropyl alcohol, and for comparison a tube has also been run with ethanol and argon/ethane from CDF`s old (ethylene-free) ethane supply. The aging test with ethanol showed no difference between the ethylene-free and the ethylene tube. Furthermore, raw aging rates of argon/ethane and argon/ethane/ethylene were measured by exposing tubes without the addition of alcohol to about 0.1 C/cm. Again, no significant difference was observed. In conclusion, we see no evidence that ethylene contamination up to 1800 ppM has any adverse effect on wire aging. However, this level of ethylene does seem to significantly suppress the gas gain.

Atac, M. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Bauer, G. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States)

1994-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

244

COMPONENT DEGRADATION SUSCEPTIBILITIES AS THE BASES FOR MODELING REACTOR AGING RISK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extension of nuclear power plant operating licenses beyond 60 years in the United States will be necessary if we are to meet national energy needs while addressing the issues of carbon and climate. Characterizing the operating risks associated with aging reactors is problematic because the principal tool for risk-informed decision-making, Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA), is not ideally-suited to addressing aging systems. The components most likely to drive risk in an aging reactor - the passives - receive limited treatment in PRA, and furthermore, standard PRA methods are based on the assumption of stationary failure rates: a condition unlikely to be met in an aging system. A critical barrier to modeling passives aging on the wide scale required for a PRA is that there is seldom sufficient field data to populate parametric failure models, and nor is there the availability of practical physics models to predict out-year component reliability. The methodology described here circumvents some of these data and modeling needs by using materials degradation metrics, integrated with conventional PRA models, to produce risk importance measures for specific aging mechanisms and component types. We suggest that these measures have multiple applications, from the risk-screening of components to the prioritization of materials research.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Lowry, Peter P.; Toyooka, Michael Y.

2010-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

245

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

246

Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program: Materials Aging and Degradation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Materials Aging and Materials Aging and Degradation Technical Program Plan Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program: Materials Aging and Degradation Technical Program Plan Components serving in a nuclear reactor plant must withstand a very harsh environment including extended time at temperature, neutron irradiation, stress, and/or corrosive media. The many modes of degradation are complex and vary depending on location and material. However, understanding and managing materials degradation is a key for the continued safe and reliable operation of nuclear power plants. Extending reactor service to beyond 60 years will increase the demands on materials and components. Therefore, an early evaluation of the possible effects of extended lifetime is critical. The recent NUREG/CR-6923 gives a

247

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

248

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

249

DOE-sponsored cable aging research at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect

Cables have been identified as critical components requiring detailed technical evaluation for extending the lifetime of Light Water Reactors beyond 40 years. This paper highlights some of the DOE-sponsored cable aging studies currently underway at Sandia. These studies are focused on two important issues: the validity of the often-used Arrhenius thermal aging prediction method and methods for predicting lifetimes in combined thermal-radiation environments. Accelerated thermal aging results are presented for three cable jacket and insulation materials, which indicate that hardening of the outside surface has an Arrhenius temperature dependence and correlates well with reductions in ultimate tensile elongation. This suggests that the indentor approach is a promising NDE technique for cable jacket and unjacketed insulation materials installed in thermally-dominated regions of nuclear power plants.

Gillen, K.T.; Clough, R.L.; Celina, M.; Wise, J.; Malone, G.M.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Density and Tensile Properties Changed by Aging Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present volume, density, and tensile property change observed from both naturally and accelerated aged plutonium alloys. Accelerated alloys are plutonium alloys with a fraction of Pu-238 to accelerate the aging process by approximately 18 times the rate of unaged weapons-grade plutonium. After thirty-five equivalent years of aging on accelerated alloys, the dilatometry shows the samples at 35 C have swelled in volume by 0.12 to 0.14% and now exhibit a near linear volume increase due to helium in-growth while showing possible surface effects on samples at 50 C and 65 C. The engineering stress of the accelerated alloy at 18 equivalent years increased significantly compared to at 4.5 equivalent years.

Chung, B W; Choi, B W; Thompson, S R; Woods, C H; Hopkins, D J; Ebbinghaus, B B

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

251

Aging effects in simple models for glassy relaxation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging effects in the two-time correlation function and the response function after a quench from a high temperature to some low temperature are considered for a simple kinetic random energy model exhibiting stretched exponential relaxation. Because the system reaches thermal equilibrium for long times after the quench, all aging effect are of a transient nature. In particular, the violations of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem are considered and it is found that the relation between the response and the two-time correlation function depends on another function, the so-called asymmetry. This asymmetry vanishes in equilibrium but cannot be neglected in the aging regime. It is found that plots of the integrated response versus the correlation function are not applicable to quantify the violations of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem in this particular model. This fact has its origin in the absence of a scaling form of the correlation.

Gregor Diezemann

2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

252

Glassy Aging with Modified Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this report we address the question whether aging in the non equilibrium glassy state is controlled by the equilibrium alpha-relaxation process which occur at temperatures above Tg. Recently Lunkenheimer et. al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 055702 (2005)] proposed a model for the glassy aging data of dielectric relaxation using a modified Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) form. The aging time dependence of the relaxation time is defined by these authors through a functional relation involving the corresponding frequency but the stretching exponent is same as the alpha-relaxation stretching exponent. We present here an alternative functional form directly involving the relaxation time itself. The proposed model fits the data of Lunkenheimer et. al. perfectly with a stretching exponent different from the alpha-relaxation stretching exponent.

Bhaskar Sen Gupta; Shankar P. Das

2007-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

253

Age constraints on fluid inclusions in calcite at Yucca Mountain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The {sup 207}Pb/{sup 235}U ages for 14 subsamples of opal or chalcedony layers younger than calcite formed at elevated temperature range between 1.88 {+-} 0.05 and 9.7 {+-} 1.5 Ma with most values older than 6-8 Ma. These data indicate that fluids with elevated temperatures have not been present in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain since about 1.9 Ma and most likely since 6-8 Ma. Discordant U-Pb isotope data for chalcedony subsamples representing the massive silica stage in the formation of the coatings are interpreted using a model of the diffusive loss of U decay products. The model gives an age estimate for the time of chalcedony formation around 10-11 Ma, which overlaps ages of clay minerals formed in tuffs below the water table at Yucca Mountain during the Timber Mountain thermal event.

Neymark, Leonid A.; Amelin, Yuri V.; Paces, James B.; Peterman, Zell E.; Whelan, Joseph F.

2001-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

254

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Space-Age Ceramics Get Their Toughest Test Print Advanced ceramic composites can withstand the ultrahigh operational temperatures projected for hypersonic jet and next-generation gas-turbine engines, but real-time analysis of the mechanical properties of these space-age materials at ultrahigh temperatures has been a challenge-until now. Researchers have developed the first testing facility that enables microtomography of ceramic composites under controlled loads at ultrahigh temperatures and in real-time. Using this facility, they have fully resolved sequences of microcrack damage as cracks grow under load at temperatures several hundred degrees higher than previously possible. The observations are key ingredients of the high-fidelity simulations used to compute failure risks under extreme operating conditions.

255

Investigating the Use of Ultrasonic Guided Waves for Aging Wire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging wiring has become a critical issue to DoD, NASA, FAA, and Industry. The problem is that insulation on environmentally aged wire becomes brittle and cracks. This exposes the underlying conductive wire to the potential for short circuits and fire. The difficulty is that techniques to monitor aging wire problems focus on applying electrical sensing techniques that are not very sensitive to the wire insulation. Thus, the development of methods to quantify and monitor aging wire insulation is highly warranted. Measurement of wire insulation stiffness by ultrasonic guided waves is being examined. Initial laboratory tests were performed on a simple model consisting of a solid cylinder and then a solid cylinder with a polymer coating. Experimental measurements showed that the lowest order axisymmetric mode may be sensitive to stiffness changes in the wire insulation. To test this theory, mil-spec wire samples MIL-W-81381, MIL-W-22759/34, and MIL-W-22759/87 (typically found in aircraft) were heat-damaged in an oven, in a range of heating conditions. The samples were 12, 16, and 20 gauge and the heat-damage introduced material changes in the wire-insulation that made the originally flexible insulation brittle and darker in color. Axisymmetric mode phasevelocity increased for the samples that were exposed to heat for longer duration. For example, the phase velocity in the 20-gauge MIL-W-22759/34 wire changed from a baseline value of 2790m/s to 3280m/s and 3530m/s for one-hour exposures to 349 C and 399 C, respectively. Although the heat-damage conditions are not the same as environmental aging, we believe that with further development and refinements, the ultrasonic guided waves can be used to inspect wire-insulation for detrimental environmental aging conditions.

Insulation Assessment Robert; Robert F. Anastasi A; Eric I. Madaras B

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Motion of a sphere through an aging system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated the drag on a sphere falling through a clay suspension that has a yield stress and exhibits rheological aging. The drag force increases with both speed and the rest time between preparation of the system and the start of the experiment, but there exists a nonzero minimum speed below which steady motion is not possible. We find that only a very thin layer of material around the sphere is fluidized when it moves, while the rest of suspension is deformed elastically. This is in marked contrast to what is found for yield-stress fluids that do not age.

H. Tabuteau; John R. de Bruyn; P. Coussot

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and Degradation Pathway Main Simulation Tool By Ben Spencer (INL) Jeremey Busby (ORNL) Richard Martineau (INL) Brian Wirth (UTK) Introduction Nuclear power currently provides a significant fraction of the United States' non- carbon emitting power generation. In future years, nuclear power must continue to generate a significant portion of the nation's electricity to meet the growing electricity demand, clean energy goals, and ensure energy independence. New reactors will be an essential part of the expansion of nuclear power. However, given limits on new builds imposed by economics and industrial capacity, the extended

258

The impact of minimum age of employment regulation on child labor and schooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Promoting minimum age of employment regulation has been a centerpiece in child labor policy for the last 15 years. If enforced, minimum age regulation would change the age profile of paid child employment. Using micro-data ...

Edmonds, Eric V

259

Aging in Place: Smith, Media Texts and the Invisible Gendered Caregiver  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Timonen. 2007. Home Care for Aging Populations. Northampton,and John A Krout. 2004. ?Aging in Place in Different HousingFederal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics. 2008.

Storelli, Elizangela

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Aging effects on DNA methylation modules in human brain and blood tissue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

changes in chromosomes cause aging? Cell 1996, 86:9-12. 2.M: Cross-Talk between Aging and Cancer. Annals of the NewMF, Esteller M: Epigenetics and aging: the targets and the

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Circulating endothelial progenitor cells: a new approach to anti-aging medicine?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

findings from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study.a new approach to anti-aging medicine? Nina A Mikirova 1 ,of the most fearful aspects of aging such as loss of mental,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

A Vital Legacy - Biological and Environmental Research in the Atomic Age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Research in the Atomic Age S e p t e m b e rEnvironmental Research in the Atomic Age September T o thesense that ours would be the Atomic Age. By the time of the

Vaughan editor, Douglas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Final Report Inspection of Aged/Degraded Containments Program.  

SciTech Connect

The Inspection of Aged/Degraded Containments Program had primary objectives of (1) understanding the significant factors relating corrosion occurrence, efficacy of inspection, and structural capacity reduction of steel containments and liners of reinforced concrete containments; (2) providing the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) reviewers a means of establishing current structural capacity margins or estimating future residual structural capacity margins for steel containments, and concrete containments as limited by liner integrity; (3) providing recommendations, as appropriate, on information to be requested of licensees for guidance that could be utilized by USNRC reviewers in assessing the seriousness of reported incidences of containment degradation; and (4) providing technical assistance to the USNRC (as requested) related to concrete technology. Primary program accomplishments have included development of a degradation assessment methodology; reviews of techniques and methods for inspection and repair of containment metallic pressure boundaries; evaluation of high-frequency acoustic imaging, magnetostrictive sensor, electromagnetic acoustic transducer, and multimode guided plate wave technologies for inspection of inaccessible regions of containment metallic pressure boundaries; development of a continuum damage mechanics-based approach for structural deterioration; establishment of a methodology for reliability-based condition assessments of steel containments and liners; and fragility assessments of steel containments with localized corrosion. In addition, data and information assembled under this program has been transferred to the technical community through review meetings and briefings, national and international conference participation, technical committee involvement, and publications of reports and journal articles. Appendix A provides a listing of program reports, papers, and publications; and Appendix B contains a listing of program-related presentations.

Naus, Dan J [ORNL; Ellingwood, B R [Georgia Institute of Technology; Oland, C Barry [ORNL

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Age spreads in clusters and associations: the lithium test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the evidence that several low-mass stars (lithium abundances well below the interstellar value. Due to time-dependent depletion, our result implies stellar ages greater than ~5 Myr, suggesting that star formation has been proceeding for a long time in these systems.

Francesco Palla; Sofia Randich

2004-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

265

13 - Aging Effects on the ?´ and ?" Precipitates of Inconel 718 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finally a double-aging at 720 ºC, 8 h/FC at 57 ºC/h down to 620 ºC, 8 h/AC to precipitate both ?´ and ?"? phases. The precipitation of both ?´ and ?" phases were ...

266

Aging and metastability of monoglycerides in hydrophobic solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aging of aggregated structures of monoglycerides in hydrophobic medium is described by a set of different techniques. Polarized microscopy was used to study the mesomorphic behavior as a function of time. Differential scanning calorimetry was utilized to quantitatively monitor changes in the latent heat in different phase transformations that take place in the aging system. Infrared spectroscopy was applied to detect the formation of hydrogen bonding between surfactants. The X-ray diffraction patterns fingerprinted the molecular arrangement in different emerging phases. Infra-red spectroscopy was used to monitor the state of hydrogen bonding in the system. We conclude that in both inverted-lamellar and sub-alpha crystalline phases, monoglyceride molecules inevitably lose their emulsified ability in the hydrophobic solutions through the gradual change in hydrogen bonding patterns. On aging, the formation of intermolecular hydrogen bonding between glycerol groups causes the segregation of chiral (D and L) isomers within the bilayers. Therefore all structures were eventually forced to reorder into the beta-crystalline state, distinguishing between the D and L layers. Accordingly, the highly ordered packing of aged structures weakened the emulsifying ability and finally leaded the collapse of the percolating gel network.

C. H. Chen; E. M. Terentjev

2008-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

A 4D geometrical modeling of a material aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4-dim intrinsic (material) Riemannian metric $G$ of the material 4-D space-time continuum $P$ is utilized as the characteristic of the aging processes developing in the material. Manifested through variation of basic material characteristics such as density, moduli of elasticity, yield stress, strength, and toughness., the aging process is modeled as the evolution of the metric $G$ (most importantly of its time component $G_{00}$) of the material space-time $P$ embedded into 4-D Newtonian space-time with Euclidean metric.\\par The evolutional equation for metric $G$ is derived by the classical variational approach. Construction of a Lagrangian for an aging elastic media and the derivation of a system of coupled elastostatic and aging equations constitute the central part of the work. The external and internal balance laws associated with symmetries of material and physical space-time geometries are briefly reviewed from a new viewpoint presented in the paper. Examples of the stress relaxation and creep of a homogeneous rod, cold drawing, and chemical degradation in a tubing are discussed.

A. Chudnovsky; S. Preston

2006-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

268

The Age of Impatience: Optimal Replication Schemes for Opportunistic Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Age of Impatience: Optimal Replication Schemes for Opportunistic Networks Joshua Reich infrastructure is often ei- ther inadequate or overly expensive to fill the demand. Here, we study an alternative in the form of any monotonically decreasing delay-utility functions, we show that an optimal allocation can

269

Business need CISER's aged servers were at full  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Business need CISER's aged servers were at full capacity due to user growth of at least 20 percent- thirds, with Dell Networking enabling a virtualized server architecture designed by Dell Infrastructure Consulting Services. Benefits · Offers greater availability while cutting CPU utilization in half · Increases

Keinan, Alon

270

Aging of Alloy 617 at 650 and 750 Degrees C  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alloy 617 has been selected as the primary candidate for heat exchanger applications in advanced reactors. For the VHTR this application could require extended service up to a reactor outlet temperature of 950°C. A key hurdle to using this alloy in the VHTR heat exchanger application is qualifying the alloy for Section III of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. In order to Code qualify the material it is necessary to characterize the influence of long term aging on the mechanical behavior. Alloy 617 has been aged at 650 and 750°C for times up to 5300 hours. The microstructure after aging has been characterized using optical and transmission electron microscopies. It has been determined that in addition to carbides, a significant volume fraction of ?’ phase (Ni3Al) is formed at these temperatures. The ?’ does not contribute significantly to changing the tensile or impact properties of the aged material. It does, however, appear to increase creep resistance and impede creep crack growth.

Julian Benz; Thomas Lillo; Richard Wright

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The end of the age of oil David Goodstein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(99 Quads) #12;Fossil Fuels Oil Natural gas Shale oil Methane hydrate Coal #12;Coal Hundreds, maybeOut of Gas The end of the age of oil David Goodstein Portland State University November 14, 2008 #12;Energy Myths $4.00 a gallon is too much to pay for gasoline Oil companies produce oil. We must

Bertini, Robert L.

272

Summary of potassium/argon age dating, 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During FY-79 the K/Ar dating laboratory at the Department of Geology and Geophysics of the University of Utah became operational. During the past calendar year forty-seven dates have been produced from areas predominantly in Utah. Dating has also been done on areas in Nevada and Montana through the State-Coupled program and Case Studies Support program. Areas in wich activity was concentrated include: Cove Creek Domes/Twin Peaks Area, SW Utah. Here volcanic activity spanned the time from 2.74 to 2.35 M.Y., with a mean age of 2.50 +- 0.14 M.Y. Black Rock Desert, SW Utah. Two dates on a single flow indicate an age of 1.49 +- 0.08 M.Y. for a flow previously undated. Wildcat Creek Area, SW Utah. Dating of rhyolite flows from this area gives a mean age of volcanism of 9.25 +- 0.16 M.Y., considerably older than previously inferred by the work of Haugh (1978). Mineral Mountains Pluton, SW Utah. Twelve dates on phases of the pluton indicate a complex history of intrusion, and more work is indicated in order to derive a coherent picture of the magmatic events leading to the formation of this batholith. Blackfoot Reservoir, Idaho. Two dates on rhyolite domes, previously updated, give ages of 1.56 +- 0.06 M.Y. and 1.28 +- 0.15 M.Y.

Evans, S.H. Jr.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Teaching graph algorithms to children of all ages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on our experiences in teaching graph theory and algorithms to school children, aged 5 to 17. Our objectives were to demonstrate that children can discover quite complex mathematical concepts, and are able to work with abstractions and use computation ... Keywords: abstraction, computational thinking, k-12 education, modelling, problem based learning

J. Paul Gibson

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and Degradation Pathway Main Simulation Tool A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and Degradation Pathway Main Simulation Tool Nuclear power currently provides a significant fraction of the United States' non- carbon emitting power generation. In future years, nuclear power must continue to generate a significant portion of the nation's electricity to meet the growing electricity demand, clean energy goals, and ensure energy independence. New reactors will be an essential part of the expansion of nuclear power. However, given limits on new builds imposed by economics and industrial capacity, the extended service of the existing fleet will also be required. Ensuring public safety and environmental protection is a prerequisite to

275

A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and Degradation Pathway Main Simulation Tool A Proof of Concept: Grizzly, the LWRS Program Materials Aging and Degradation Pathway Main Simulation Tool Nuclear power currently provides a significant fraction of the United States' non- carbon emitting power generation. In future years, nuclear power must continue to generate a significant portion of the nation's electricity to meet the growing electricity demand, clean energy goals, and ensure energy independence. New reactors will be an essential part of the expansion of nuclear power. However, given limits on new builds imposed by economics and industrial capacity, the extended service of the existing fleet will also be required. Ensuring public safety and environmental protection is a prerequisite to

276

Phase Decomposition during Aging in an Al-22wt.%Zn Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aging process was analyzed using a solution of the nonlinear Cahn-Hilliard equation by the explicit finite difference method. Besides, the aging process was

277

application of direct aging to allvac 718plus™ alloy for improved ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

and scanning electron microscopes (OP and SEM). ... Transmission electron microscope (TEM) structures of materials subjected to solution-age and direct age ...

278

Ferrocyanide safety project ferrocyanide aging studies FY 1995 annual report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This annual report gives the results of the work conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory in FY 1995 on Task 3 of the Ferrocyanide Safety Project, Ferrocyanide Aging Studies. Aging refers to the dissolution and hydrolysis of simulated Hanford ferrocyanide waste in alkaline aqueous solutions by radiolytic and chemical means. The ferrocyanide simulant primarily used in these studies was dried In-Farm-1B, Rev. 7, prepared by Westinghouse Hanford Company to simulate the waste generated when the In-Farm flowsheet was used to remove radiocesium from waste supernates in single-shell tanks at the Hanford Site. In the In-Farm flowsheet, nickel ion and ferrocyanide anion were added to waste supernates to precipitate sodium nickel ferrocyanide, Na{sub 2}NiFe(CN){sub 6}, and co-precipitate radiocesium. Once the radiocesium was removed, supernates were pumped from the tanks, and new wastes from cladding removal processes or from evaporators were added. These new wastes were typically highly caustic, having hydroxide ion concentrations of over 1 M and as high as 4 M. The Aging Studies task is investigating reactions this caustic waste may have had with the precipitated ferrocyanide waste in a radiation field. In previous Aging Studies research, Na{sub 2}NiFe(CN){sub 6} in simulants was shown to dissolve in basic solutions, forming insoluble Ni(OH){sub 2} and soluble Na{sub 4}Fe(CN){sub 6}. The influence on solubility of base strength, sodium ion concentration, anions, and temperature was previously investigated. The results may indicate that even ferrocyanide sludge that did not come into direct contact with highly basic wastes may also have aged significantly.

Lilga, M.A.; Alderson, E.V.; Hallen, R.T. [and others

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Investigation of Aging Mechanisms in Lean NOx Traps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lean NO{sub x} traps (LNTs) represent a promising technology for the abatement of NO{sub x} under lean conditions. Although LNTs are starting to find commercial application, the issue of catalyst durability remains problematic. LNT susceptibility to sulfur poisoning is the single most important factor determining effective catalyst lifetime. The NO{sub x} storage element of the catalyst has a greater affinity for SO{sub 3} than it does for NO{sub 2}, and the resulting sulfate is more stable than the stored nitrate. Although this sulfate can be removed from the catalyst by means of high temperature treatment under rich conditions, the required conditions give rise to deactivation mechanisms such as precious metal sintering, total surface area loss, and solid state reactions between the various oxides present. The principle objective of this project was to improve understanding of the mechanisms of lean NO{sub x} trap aging, and to understand the effect of washcoat composition on catalyst aging characteristics. The approach utilized involved detailed characterization of model catalysts prior to and after aging, in tandem with measurement of catalyst performance in NO{sub x} storage and reduction. In this manner, NO{sub x} storage and reduction characteristics were correlated with the evolution of catalyst physico-chemical properties upon aging. Rather than using poorly characterized proprietary catalysts, or simple model catalysts of the Pt/BaO/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} type (representing the first generation of LNTs), Pt/Rh/BaO/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} catalysts were employed which also incorporated CeO{sub 2} or CeO{sub 2}-ZrO{sub 2}, representing a model system which more accurately reflects current LNT formulations. Catalysts were prepared in which the concentration of each of the main components was systematically varied: Pt (50, 75 or 100 g/ft{sup 3}), Rh (10 or 20 g/ft{sup 3}), BaO (15, 30 or 45 g/L), and either CeO{sub 2} (0, 50 or 100 g/L) or CeO{sub 2}-ZrO{sub 2} (0, 50 or 100 g/L). A high surface area La-stabilized alumina was used to support the BaO phase. Catalysts were obtained by washcoating onto standard cordierite substrates, the total washcoat loading being set at 260 g/L. La-stabilized alumina was used as the balance. Subsequent to de-greening, the NO{sub x} storage and reduction characteristics of the catalysts were evaluated on a bench reactor, after which the catalysts were aged on a bench reactor to the equivalent of ca. 75,000 miles of road aging using a published accelerated aging protocol. The aged catalysts were then subjected to the same evaluation proecdure used for the de-greened catalysts. In addition to the use of standard physico-chemical analytical techniques for studying the fresh and aged model catalysts, use was made of advanced analytical tools for characterizing their NO{sub x} storage/reduction and sulfation/desulfation characteristics, such as Spatially resolved capillary-inlet Mass Spectrometry (SpaciMS) and in situ Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS).

Mark Crocker

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

280

AGING PERFORMANCE OF MODEL 9975 PACKAGE FLUOROELASTOMER O-RINGS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of temperature and radiation on Viton{reg_sign} GLT and GLT-S fluoroelastomer O-rings is an ongoing research focus at the Savannah River National Laboratory. The O-rings are credited for leaktight containment in the Model 9975 shipping package used for transportation of plutonium-bearing materials. At the Savannah River Site, the Model 9975 packages are being used for interim storage. Primary research efforts have focused on surveillance of O-rings from actual packages, leak testing of seals at bounding aging conditions and the effect of aging temperature on compression stress relaxation behavior, with the goal of service life prediction for long-term storage conditions. Recently, an additional effort to evaluate the effect of aging temperature on the oxidation of the materials has begun. Degradation in the mechanical properties of elastomers is directly related to the oxidation of the polymer. Sensitive measurements of the oxidation rate can be performed in a more timely manner than waiting for a measurable change in mechanical properties, especially at service temperatures. Measuring the oxidation rate therefore provides a means to validate the assumption that the degradation mechanisms(s) do not change from the elevated temperatures used for accelerated aging and the lower service temperatures. Monitoring the amount of oxygen uptake by the material over time at various temperatures can provide increased confidence in lifetime predictions. Preliminary oxygen consumption analysis of a Viton GLT-based fluoroelastomer compound (Parker V0835-75) using an Oxzilla II differential oxygen analyzer in the temperature range of 40-120 C was performed. Early data suggests oxygen consumption rates may level off within the first 100,000 hours (10-12 years) at 40 C and that sharp changes in the degradation mechanism (stress-relaxation) are not expected over the temperature range examined. This is consistent with the known long-term heat aging resistance of fluoroelastomers relative to hydrocarbon-based elastomers, and in absence of antioxidants that may be consumed over time. Additional experimental effort will be undertaken in the short term range within the first 100 hours of thermal aging to capture further details of the oxygen consumption rate.

Hoffman, E.; Daugherty, W.; Skidmore, E.; Dunn, K.; Fisher, D.

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Circuit Breaker Lubrication - Assessment of Field-Aged Bearings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

 The life cycle performance of a high-voltage circuit breaker is, to a large degree, determined by the performance of the materials and components that make up the complete breaker. The rates of deterioration of components such as compressors, pumps, seals, linkages and their lubrication, and interrupter elements drive the requirements for circuit breaker maintenance and refurbishment. EPRI conducted a series of investigations to enhance knowledge of aging processes and to identify those ...

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

282

Aging in the large CDF axial drift chamber  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Central Outer Tracker (COT) is a large axial drift chamber in the Collider Detector at Fermilab operating with a gas mixture that is 50/50 argon/ethane with an admixture of 1.7% isopropanol. In its first two years of operation the COT showed unexpected aging with the worst parts of the chamber experiencing a gain loss of {approx}50% for an accumulated charge of {approx}35 mC/cm. By monitoring the pulse height of hits on good tracks, it was possible to determine the gain as a function of time and location in the chamber. In addition, the currents of the high voltage supplies gave another monitor of chamber gain and its dependence on the charge deposition rate. The aging was worse on the exhaust end of the chamber consistent with polymer buildup as the gas flows through the chamber. The distribution in azimuth suggests that aging is enhanced at lower temperatures, but other factors such as gas flow patterns may be involved. Elemental and molecular analysis of the sense wires found a coating that is mostly carbon and hydrogen with a small amount of oxygen; no silicon or other contaminants were identified. High resolution electron microscope pictures of the wire surface show that the coating is smooth with small sub-micron nodules. In the course of working with the chamber gas system, we discovered a small amount of O{sub 2} is enough to reverse the aging. Operating the chamber with {approx}100 ppm of O{sub 2} reversed almost two years of gain loss in less than 10 days while accumulating {le} 2 mC/cm.

Allspach, D.; Ambrose, D.; Binkley, M.; /Fermilab; Bromberg, C.; /Michigan State U.; Burkett, K.; Kephart, R.; Madrak, R.; Miao, T.; Mukherjee, A.; Roser, R.; Wagner, R.L. /Fermilab

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Calvert Cliffs License Renewal Aging Management Review Reports  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report and associated CD-ROM documents the Calvert Cliffs License Renewal Aging Management Review Reports as of December 1998. The option to operate a nuclear power plant beyond its initial license term of 40 years is an important factor in financial decisions and long-term planning for utility asset management and capital improvement. This report provides other utilities with details of the technical evaluations to support their own preparation of a License Renewal Application (LRA).

1999-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

284

Aging of a Homogeneously Quenched Colloidal Glass-forming Liquid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-equilibrium self-consistent generalized Langevin equation theory of colloid dynamics is used to describe the non-stationary aging processes occurring in a suddenly quenched model colloidal liquid with hard-sphere plus short-ranged attractive interactions, whose static structure factor and van Hove function evolve irreversibly from the initial conditions before the quench to a final, dynamically arrested state. The comparison of our numerical results with available simulation data are highly encouraging.

Pedro Ramírez-González; Magdaleno Medina-Noyola

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Spectroscopic Signature of Aging in (delta)-Pu(Ga)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electronic structure of Pu is briefly discussed, with emphasis upon Aging effects. Photoelectron Spectroscopy and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy have contributed greatly to our improved understanding of Pu electronic structure. (See Figure 1.) From these and related measurements, the following has been determined: (1) The Pu 5f spin-orbit splitting is large; (2) The number of Pu5f electrons is 5; and (3) The Pu 5f spin-orbit splitting effect dominates 5f itineracy.

Tobin, J G; Yu, S; Chung, B W

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

286

No Country for Old Men: Aging Dictators and Economic Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Mountain: The Nature of Political Leadership. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, KY. Maddison, A. (2003). The world economy: historical statistics. Paris, France. Development Centre of the OECD. Marshall, M. G. and Jaggers, K. (2011). Polity... 2010 1 No Country for Old Men: Aging Dictators and Economic Growth Richard Jong-A-Pina & Jochen O. Mieraua,b a. University of Groningen, The Netherlands b. NETSPAR, The Netherlands Draft: 14 September, 2011 Abstract...

Jong-A-Pin, Richard; Mierau, Jochen O.

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

287

The Age of the Inner Halo Globular Cluster NGC 6652  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HST (V,I) photometry has been obtained for the inner halo globular cluster NGC 6652. The photometry reaches approximately 4 mag below the turn-off and includes a well populated horizontal branch. This cluster is located close to the Galactic center at a galactocentric distance of approximately 2.0 kpc with a reddening of E(V-I) = 0.15 +/- 0.02 and has a metallicity of [Fe/H] approximately -0.85. Based upon Delta(V) between the point on the sub-giant branch which is 0.05 mag redder than the turn-off and the horizontal branch, NGC 6652 is 11.7 +/- 1.6 Gyr old. Using this same Delta(V), precise differential ages for 47 Tuc (a thick disk globular), M107 and NGC 1851 (both halo clusters) were obtained. NGC 6652 appears to be the same age as 47 Tuc and NGC 1851 (within +/- 1.2 Gyr), while there is a slight suggestion that M107 is older than NGC 6652 by 2.3 +/- 1.5 Gyr. As this is a less than 2-sigma result, this issue needs to be investigated further before a definitive statement regarding the relative age of M107 and NGC 6652 may be made.

Brian Chaboyer; Ata Sarajedini; Taft E. Armandroff

2000-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

288

Report on aging of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Structural Aging Program provides the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission with potential structural safety issues and acceptance criteria for use in continued service assessments of nuclear power plant safety-related concrete structures. The program was organized under four task areas: Program Management, Materials Property Data Base, Structural Component Assessment/Repair Technology, and Quantitative Methodology for Continued Service Determinations. Under these tasks, over 90 papers and reports were prepared addressing pertinent aspects associated with aging management of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures. Contained in this report is a summary of program results in the form of information related to longevity of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures, a Structural Materials Information Center presenting data and information on the time variation of concrete materials under the influence of environmental stressors and aging factors, in-service inspection and condition assessments techniques, repair materials and methods, evaluation of nuclear power plant reinforced concrete structures, and a reliability-based methodology for current and future condition assessments. Recommendations for future activities are also provided. 308 refs., 61 figs., 50 tabs.

Naus, D.J.; Oland, C.B. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Ellingwood, B.R. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Boiling-Water Reactor internals aging degradation study. Phase 1  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of an aging assessment study for boiling water reactor (BWR) internals. Major stressors for BWR internals are related to unsteady hydrodynamic forces generated by the primary coolant flow in the reactor vessel. Welding and cold-working, dissolved oxygen and impurities in the coolant, applied loads and exposures to fast neutron fluxes are other important stressors. Based on results of a component failure information survey, stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and fatigue are identified as the two major aging-related degradation mechanisms for BWR internals. Significant reported failures include SCC in jet-pump holddown beams, in-core neutron flux monitor dry tubes and core spray spargers. Fatigue failures were detected in feedwater spargers. The implementation of a plant Hydrogen Water Chemistry (HWC) program is considered as a promising method for controlling SCC problems in BWR. More operating data are needed to evaluate its effectiveness for internal components. Long-term fast neutron irradiation effects and high-cycle fatigue in a corrosive environment are uncertainty factors in the aging assessment process. BWR internals are examined by visual inspections and the method is access limited. The presence of a large water gap and an absence of ex-core neutron flux monitors may handicap the use of advanced inspection methods, such as neutron noise vibration measurements, for BWR.

Luk, K.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Solid Friction from stick-slip to pinning and aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the present state of understanding of solid friction at low velocities and for systems with negligibly small wear effects. We first analyze in detail the behavior of friction at interfaces between wacroscopic hard rough solids, whose main dynamical features are well described by the Rice-Ruina rate and state dependent constitutive law. We show that it results from two combined effects : (i) the threshold rheology of nanometer-thick junctions jammed under confinement into a soft glassy structure (ii) geometric aging, i.e. slow growth of the real arrea of contact via asperity creep interrupted by sliding. Closer analysis leads to identifying a second aging-rejuvenation process, at work within the junctions themselves. We compare the effects of structural aging at such multicontact, very highly confined, interfaces with those met under different confinement levels, namely boundary lubricated contacts and extended adhesive interfaces involving soft materials (hydrogels, elastomers). This leads us to propose a classification of frictional junctions in terms of the relative importance of jamming and adsoprtion-induced metastability.

Tristan Baumberger; Christiane Caroli

2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

291

AGING AND IODINE LOADING OF SILVER-FUNCTIONALIZED AEROGELS  

SciTech Connect

Engineered silver-functionalized silica aerogels are being investigated for their application in off-gas treatment at a used nuclear fuel reprocessing facility. Reprocessing will release several key volatile radionuclides, including iodine-129. To achieve regulatory compliance, iodine-129 must be removed from any off-gas stream prior to environmental discharge. Silver-functionalized aerogels have been demonstrated to have high iodine capture capacity, high porosity and potential for conversion into a waste form. Capture materials used in off-gas treatment may be exposed to a heated, high humidity, acidic gas stream for months. Extended exposure to this stream could affect sorbent performance. It was the aim of this study to evaluate what impacts might be observed when Ag0-functionalized aerogels prepared at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory were contacted with a dry air stream for up to 6 months and then used to adsorb iodine from a synthetic off-gas stream. Results demonstrate that there is some loss of iodine capture capacity caused by aging, but that this loss is not as marked as for aging of more traditional iodine sorbents, such as silver-impregnated mordenite. Specifically, aging silver-functionalized aerogel under a dry air stream for up to 6 months can decrease its iodine capacity from 41wt% to 32wt%.

Bruffey, Stephanie H [ORNL; Jubin, Robert Thomas [ORNL; Anderson, Kaara K [ORNL; Walker Jr, Joseph Franklin [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Age and mass of solar twins constrained by lithium abundance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. We analyze the non-standard mixing history of the solar twins HIP 55459, HIP 79672, HIP 56948, HIP 73815 and HIP 100963, in order to determine as precisely as possible their mass and age. Methods. We computed a grid of evolutionary models with non-standard mixing at given metallicities with the Toulouse-Geneva code for a range of stellar masses assuming an error bar of +- 50K in Teff. We choose the evolutionary model that best fit the observed low lithium abundances observed in the solar twins. Results. Our best model for each solar twin provides a mass and age solution constrained by their Li content and Teff determination. HIP 56948 is the best solar twin at the present time and our analysis gives a mass of 0.994 +- 0.004 Msun and an age of 4.71 +- 1.39 Gyr. Conclusions. Non-standard mixing is required to explain the low Li abundances observed in solar-twins. Li depletion due to the additional mixing in solar-twins is strongly mass dependent. An accurate lithium abundance measurement connected with no...

Nascimento, J D do; Melendez, J; Bazot, M; Théado, S; de Mello, G F Porto; De Medeiros, J R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Aging assessment of large electric motors in nuclear power plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large electric motors serve as the prime movers to drive high capacity pumps, fans, compressors, and generators in a variety of nuclear plant systems. This study examined the stressors that cause degradation and aging in large electric motors operating in various plant locations and environments. The operating history of these machines in nuclear plant service was studied by review and analysis of failure reports in the NPRDS and LER databases. This was supplemented by a review of motor designs, and their nuclear and balance of plant applications, in order to characterize the failure mechanisms that cause degradation, aging, and failure in large electric motors. A generic failure modes and effects analysis for large squirrel cage induction motors was performed to identify the degradation and aging mechanisms affecting various components of these large motors, the failure modes that result, and their effects upon the function of the motor. The effects of large motor failures upon the systems in which they are operating, and on the plant as a whole, were analyzed from failure reports in the databases. The effectiveness of the industry`s large motor maintenance programs was assessed based upon the failure reports in the databases and reviews of plant maintenance procedures and programs.

Villaran, M.; Subudhi, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Aging renewal theory and application to random walks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The versatility of renewal theory is owed to its abstract formulation. Renewals can be interpreted as steps of a random walk, switching events in two-state models, domain crossings of a random motion, etc. We here discuss a renewal process in which successive events are separated by scale-free waiting time periods. Among other ubiquitous long time properties, this process exhibits aging: events counted initially in a time interval [0,t] statistically strongly differ from those observed at later times [t_a,t_a+t]. In complex, disordered media, processes with scale-free waiting times play a particularly prominent role. We set up a unified analytical foundation for such anomalous dynamics by discussing in detail the distribution of the aging renewal process. We analyze its half-discrete, half-continuous nature and study its aging time evolution. These results are readily used to discuss a scale-free anomalous diffusion process, the continuous time random walk. By this we not only shed light on the profound origi...

Schulz, Johannes H P; Metzler, Ralf

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study Funded by the National Institute on Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study (EHLS) Funded by the National Institute on Aging #12;EHLS is there continuing deterioration · Why does hearing worsen with aging · Does the middle ear stiffen with aging · How;Why do hearing impairments develop? Clues from Beaver Dam · Older age · Men more than women

Sheridan, Jennifer

296

Physical Aging of Arsenic Trisulfide Thick Films and Bulk Materials Rong-Ping Wang,w  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Aging of Arsenic Trisulfide Thick Films and Bulk Materials Rong-Ping Wang,w Andrei Rode referred to as a physical aging phenomenon.7,8 To avoid the changes in physical properties caused by physical aging, a material with completely saturated aging should be used in chalcogenide-based devices

Chen, Ying

297

Plant Engineering: Aging Degradation of Coating Service Level 1 Coatings Summary of EPRI Coating Aging Project Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear industry has experienced some instances of degradation of safety-related coating systems applied inside reactor containment. Although degradation has become a concern to the industry, the industry lacked a thoroughly documented history of the degradation and its causes. In response, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) conducted research to understand the coating degradation and evaluate the effects of aging on the qualified coatings used inside containment. This report describes the ...

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

298

Plant Engineering: Aging Degradation of Coating Service Level I Coatings—Summary of EPRI Coating Aging Project Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear industry experienced some instances of degradation of safety-related coating systems applied inside the reactor containment. These instances of degradation became a concern to the industry, but the industry did not have a thoroughly documented history of the degradation or its causes. In response, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) formed a project that conducted research to gain an understanding of the coating degradation and evaluate the effects of aging on the qualified ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

299

Natural Versus Artificial Aging of Electrical Components: Interim Report 1996 - 2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes activities preceding and during the layup period of the Natural Versus Artificial Aging Program. The objective of the program is to compare the natural, in-plant aging of organic materials in typical nuclear plant components with the aging predicted by the accelerated laboratory age conditioning traditionally used to qualify safety-related equipment. To economically increase the amount of information yielded by the program, the removal of specimens was halted until their age had adv...

2001-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

300

Aging assessment of essential HVAC chillers used in nuclear power plants. Phase 1, Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory conducted a Phase I aging assessment of chillers used in the essential safety air-conditioning systems of nuclear power plants. Centrifugal chillers in the 75- to 750-ton refrigeration capacity range are the predominant type used. The chillers used, and air-conditioning systems served, vary in design from plant-to-plant. It is crucial to keep chiller internals very clean and to prevent the leakage of water, air, and other contaminants into the refrigerant containment system. Periodic operation on a weekly or monthly basis is necessary to remove moisture and noncondensable gases that gradually build up inside the chiller. This is especially desirable if a chiller is required to operate only as an emergency standby unit. The primary stressors and aging mechanisms that affect chillers include vibration, excessive temperatures and pressures, thermal cycling, chemical attack, and poor quality cooling water. Aging is accelerated by moisture, non-condensable gases (e.g., air), dirt, and other contamination within the refrigerant containment system, excessive start/stop cycling, and operating below the rated capacity. Aging is also accelerated by corrosion and fouling of the condenser and evaporator tubes. The principal cause of chiller failures is lack of adequate monitoring. Lack of performing scheduled maintenance and human errors also contribute to failures.

Blahnik, D.E.; Klein, R.F. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

THE EXTENSIVE AGE GRADIENT OF THE CARINA DWARF GALAXY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of small systems such as dwarf spheroidal galaxies (dSphs) is likely to have been a balance between external environmental effects and internal processes within their own relatively shallow potential wells. Assessing how strong such environmental interactions may have been is therefore an important element in understanding the baryonic evolution of dSphs and their derived dark matter distribution. Here we present results from a wide-area CTIO/MOSAIC II photometric survey of the Carina dSph, reaching down to about two magnitudes below the oldest main-sequence turnoff (MSTO). This data set enables us to trace the structure of Carina in detail out to very large distances from its center, and as a function of stellar age. We observe the presence of an extended structure made up primarily of ancient MSTO stars, at distances between 25' and 60' from Carina's center, confirming results in the literature that Carina extends well beyond its nominal tidal radius. The large number statistics of our survey reveals features such as isophote twists and tails that were undetected in other previous, shallower surveys. This is the first time that such unambiguous signs of tidal disruption have been found in a Milky Way 'classical' dwarf other than Sagittarius. We also demonstrate the presence of a negative age gradient in Carina directly from its MSTOs, and trace it out to very large distances from the galaxy center. The signs of interaction with the Milky Way make it unclear whether the age gradient was already in place before Carina underwent tidal disruption.

Battaglia, G. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, I-40127 Bologna (Italy); Irwin, M. [Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB03 0HA (United Kingdom); Tolstoy, E.; De Boer, T. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Mateo, M., E-mail: gbattaglia@oabo.inaf.it [Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1090 (United States)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

Spiked Alloy Production for Accelerated Aging of Plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accelerated aging effects on weapons grade plutonium alloys are being studied using {sup 238}Pu-enriched plutonium metal to increase the rate of formation of defect structures. Pyrochemical processing methods have been used to produce two {sup 238}Pu-spiked plutonium alloys with nominal compositions of 7.5 wt% {sup 238}Pu. Processes used in the preparation of the alloys include direct oxide reduction of PuO{sub 2} with calcium and electrorefining. Rolled disks were prepared from the spiked alloys for sampling. Test specimens were cut out of the disks for physical property measurements.

Wilk, P A; McNeese, J A; Dodson, K E; Williams, W L; Krikorian, O H; Blau, M S; Schmitz, J E; Bajao, F G; Mew, D A; Matz, T E; Torres, R A; Holck, D M; Moody, K J; Kenneally, J M

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

303

Aging in coherent noise models and natural time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Event correlation between aftershocks in the coherent noise model is studied by making use of natural time, which has recently been introduced in complex time-series analysis. It is found that the aging phenomenon and the associated scaling property discovered in the observed seismic data are well reproduced by the model. It is also found that the scaling function is given by the q-exponential function appearing in nonextensive statistical mechanics, showing power-law decay of event correlation in natural time.

Tirnakli, Ugur; Abe, Sumiyoshi [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ege University, 35100 Izmir (Turkey); Institute of Physics, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571 (Japan)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Dynamical Lifshitz-type solutions and aging phenomena  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider time-dependent Lifshitz-type solutions in type IIB supergravity. The solutions describe a time evolution from Lifshitz spacetimes to AdS spaces. We argue the holographic relation of them to aging phenomena in condensed matter physics. The solutions have no time-translation invariance and possess the dynamical scaling symmetry with z_c=2. In addition, the time evolution corresponds to slow (nonexponential) dynamics from nonequilibrium states to the equilibrium. We also discuss a mechanism of quantum quench to generate nonequilibrium states.

Kunihito Uzawa; Kentaroh Yoshida

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

305

Aging studies of Micromegas prototypes for the HL-LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The micromegas technology is a promising candidate to replace the forward muon chambers for the luminosity upgrade of ATLAS. The LHC accelerator luminosity will be five times the nominal one, increasing background and pile-up event probability. This requires detector performances which are currently under study in intensive R&D activities. Aging is one of the key issues for a high-luminosity LHC application. For this reason, we study the properties of resistive micromegas detectors under intense X-ray radiation and under thermal neutrons in different CEA-Saclay facilities. This study is complementary to those already performed using fast neutrons.

J. Galan; D. Attie; J. Derre; E. Ferrer Ribas; A. Giganon; I. Giomataris; F. Jeanneau; J. Manjarres; R. de Oliveira; P. Schune; M. Titov; J. Wotschack

2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

306

Representation and use of Chemistry in the Global Electronic Age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Representation and use of Chemistry in the Global Electronic Age Peter Murray-Rust,a Henry S. Rzepa,b Simon. M. Tyrrella and Y. Zhanga aUnilever Centre for Molecular Informatics, Department of Chemistry, University of Cambridge, Lensfield Road... of the ligands in the Protein DataBank have fuzzy structures (imperfect coordinates, unknown charge, unlocated hydrogen atoms, etc.) Yet it is felt highly valuable to create resources derived from these such as PDBSum, HIC-UP, LigPlot and many others...

Murray-Rust, Peter; Rzepa, Henry S; Tyrrell, Simon M; Zhang, Yong

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Accelerated aging of GaAs concentrator solar cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An accelerated aging study of AlGaAs/GaAs solar cells has been completed. The purpose of the study was to identify the possible degradation mechanisms of AlGaAs/GaAs solar cells in terrestrial applications. Thermal storage tests and accelerated AlGaAs corrosion studies were performed to provide an experimental basis for a statistical analysis of the estimated lifetime. Results of this study suggest that a properly designed and fabricated AlGaAs/GaAs solar cell can be mechanically rugged and environmentally stable with projected lifetimes exceeding 100 years.

Gregory, P.E.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Tank waste chemistry: A new understanding of waste aging  

SciTech Connect

There is concern about the risk of uncontrolled exothermic reaction(s) in Hanford Site waste tanks containing NO{sub 3}{sup {minus}}/NO{sub 2} based salts and/or metal hydroxide sludges in combination with organics or ferrocyanides. However, gradual oxidation of the waste in the tanks to less reactive species appears to have reduced the risk. In addition, wastes sampled to date contain sufficiently large quantities of water so that propagation reactions are highly unlikely. This paper investigates various aspects of the aging of Hanford tank wastes.

Babad, H. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Camaioni, D.M.; Lilga, M.A.; Samuels, W.D.; Strachan, D.M. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

OH-initiated heterogeneous aging of highly oxidized organic aerosol  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The oxidative evolution (“aging”) of organic species in the atmosphere is thought to have a major influence on the composition and properties of organic particulate matter, but remains poorly understood, particularly for the most oxidized fraction of the aerosol. Here we measure the kinetics and products of the heterogeneous oxidation of highly oxidized organic aerosol, with an aim of better constraining such atmospheric aging processes. Submicron particles composed of model oxidized organics—1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid (C{sub 8}H{sub 10}O{sub 8}), citric acid (C{sub 6}H{sub 8}O{sub 7}), tartaric acid (C{sub 4}H{sub 6}O{sub 6}), and Suwannee River fulvic acid—were oxidized by gas-phase OH in a flow reactor, and the masses and elemental composition of the particles were monitored as a function of OH exposure. In contrast to our previous studies of less-oxidized model systems (squalane, erythritol, and levoglucosan), particle mass did not decrease significantly with heterogeneous oxidation. Carbon content of the aerosol always decreased somewhat, but this mass loss was approximately balanced by an increase in oxygen content. The estimated reactive uptake coefficients of the reactions range from 0.37 to 0.51 and indicate that such transformations occur at rates corresponding to 1-2 weeks in the atmosphere, suggesting their importance in the atmospheric lifecycle of organic particulate matter.

Kessler, Sean H.; Nah, Theodora; Daumit, Kelly E.; Smith, Jared D.; Leone, Stephen R.; Kolb, Charles E.; Worsnop, Douglas R.; Wilson, Kevin R.; Kroll, Jesse H.

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

310

Residence times and source ages of deep crustal fluids:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here 129 I/I and 36 Cl/Cl ratios, together with halogen concentrations in crustal fluids from the continental deep drill site (KTB-VB) in Germany, where fluids were collected from 4000 m depth during a pump test carried out in 2002 and 2003. Compared with seawater, the fluids are enriched by factors of 2, 8 and 40 for Cl) , Br and I, respectively, and show little variation over the test period. The 129 I/I ratios are between 1700 and 4100 · 10)15; the 36 Cl/Cl ratios are below 10 · 10)15. Co-variation between 129 I and 36 Cl concentrations in the fluids indicates that anthropogenic components are absent and that the ratios reflect an addition from crustal sources. The results suggest residence times of 10 Ma or more for the fluids in formations with uranium concentrations of 1 ppm. A minimum age of 30 Ma for the iodine source was derived from the correlation between 129 I and 36 Cl concentrations in the fluids. The results demonstrate that the halogen characteristics of the KTB fluids are very similar to those of other deep crustal fluids and that the combination of 129 I and 36 Cl systematics allows determination of residence times and source ages of such fluids.

Interpretation Of I; U. Fehn; G. T. Snyder

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Aging assessment of surge protective devices in nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

An assessment was performed to determine the effects of aging on the performance and availability of surge protective devices (SPDs), used in electrical power and control systems in nuclear power plants. Although SPDs have not been classified as safety-related, they are risk-important because they can minimize the initiating event frequencies associated with loss of offsite power and reactor trips. Conversely, their failure due to age might cause some of those initiating events, e.g., through short circuit failure modes, or by allowing deterioration of the safety-related component(s) they are protecting from overvoltages, perhaps preventing a reactor trip, from an open circuit failure mode. From the data evaluated during 1980--1994, it was found that failures of surge arresters and suppressers by short circuits were neither a significant risk nor safety concern, and there were no failures of surge suppressers preventing a reactor trip. Simulations, using the ElectroMagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) were performed to determine the adequacy of high voltage surge arresters.

Davis, J.F.; Subudhi, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)] [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Carroll, D.P. [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)] [Florida Univ., Gainesville, FL (United States)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Preliminary Transportation, Aging and Disposal Canister System Performance Specification  

SciTech Connect

This document provides specifications for selected system components of the Transportation, Aging and Disposal (TAD) canister-based system. A list of system specified components and ancillary components are included in Section 1.2. The TAD canister, in conjunction with specialized overpacks will accomplish a number of functions in the management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Some of these functions will be accomplished at purchaser sites where commercial spent nuclear fuel (CSNF) is stored, and some will be performed within the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) transportation and disposal system. This document contains only those requirements unique to applications within Department of Energy's (DOE's) system. DOE recognizes that TAD canisters may have to perform similar functions at purchaser sites. Requirements to meet reactor functions, such as on-site dry storage, handling, and loading for transportation, are expected to be similar to commercially available canister-based systems. This document is intended to be referenced in the license application for the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). As such, the requirements cited herein are needed for TAD system use in OCRWM's disposal system. This document contains specifications for the TAD canister, transportation overpack and aging overpack. The remaining components and equipment that are unique to the OCRWM system or for similar purchaser applications will be supplied by others.

C.A Kouts

2006-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

313

Aging effects of US space nuclear systems in orbit  

SciTech Connect

This report presents information and data in support of a cost-benefit analysis being performed by Fair child Industries (FI) on the feasibility of retrieving existing US space nuclear systems in earth orbit by the Space Shuttle. This report evaluates, for US space nuclear systems presently in orbit, the radioisotopic inventory and external radiation field as a function of time, the effect of aging on fuel containment materials over the projected lifetime of the system, and the possible radioactive source terms should reentry eventually occur. Although the radioisotopic inventories and radiation fields have been evaluated for all systems, Transit 4A and Transit Triad have been emphasized in the evaluation of the aging effects and reentry consequences because these spacecraft have the shortest projected orbital lifetimes (570 and 150 years, respectively). In addition to existing systems in orbit, the radioisotopic inventory, radiation field, and reentry source terms have been evaluated for a General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) in a parking orbit due to an aborted Galileo Mission or International Solar Polar Mission (ISPM).

Bartram, B.W.; Huang, R.; Tammara, S.R.; Thielke, N.R.

1982-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

314

Relationships between Tracer Ages and Potential Vorticity in Unsteady Wind-Driven Circulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationships between different tracer ages and between tracer age and potential vorticity are examined by simulating barotropic double-gyre circulations. The unsteady model flow crudely represents aspects of the midlatitude, middepth ocean ...

Hong Zhang; Thomas W. N. Haine; Darryn W. Waugh

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

C-PAD 2.0 - Cable Polymer Aging Database, Version 2.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Cable Polymer Aging Database provides polymer mechanical and chemical property data related to time at stress for key polymers used in electrical cable jackets and insulations for use in aging models and development of condition monitoring.

2005-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

316

Tobacco smoke aging in the presence of ozone: a room-sized chamber...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tobacco smoke aging in the presence of ozone: a room-sized chamber study Title Tobacco smoke aging in the presence of ozone: a room-sized chamber study Publication Type Journal...

317

Aging Effects on the Kinetics of Cesium Desorption from Vermiculite And Contaminated Soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging Effects on the Kinetics of Cesium Desorption from Vermiculite And Contaminated Soil A. M), it is important to determine how aging affects 137 Cs desorption. This study uses a batch technique to measure 0

Sparks, Donald L.

318

maintenance. This research is relevant to opera-tions and maintenance challenges facing aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

maintenance. This research is relevant to opera- tions and maintenance challenges facing aging to make equipment last longer.Economic pressures to maintain aging fleets of commercial and military

319

Cognition in healthy aging and Parkinson's disease : structural and functional integrity of neural circuits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation documents how healthy aging and Parkinson's disease (PD) affect brain anatomy and physiology and how these neural changes relate to measures of cognition and perception. While healthy aging and PD are ...

Ziegler, David A. (David Allan)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Sensitivity of Age-of-Air Calculations to the Choice of Advection Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The age of air has recently emerged as a diagnostic of atmospheric transport unaffected by chemical parameterizations, and the features in the age distributions computed in models have been interpreted in terms of the models’ large-scale ...

Janusz Eluszkiewicz; Richard S. Hemler; Jerry D. Mahlman; Lori Bruhwiler; Lawrence L. Takacs

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The Ages of Large Amplitude Coastal Seiches on the Caribbean Coast of Puerto Rico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a process denoted here as the empirical mode decomposition and the Hilbert spectral analysis, the ages of the seiches on the Caribbean coast of Puerto Rico are determined from their dispersion characteristics with respect to time. The ages ...

Norden E. Huang; Hsing H. Shih; Zheng Shen; Steven R. Long; Kuang L. Fan

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Critical aging of Ising ferromagnets relaxing from an ordered state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the nonequilibrium behavior of the d-dimensional Ising model with purely dissipative dynamics during its critical relaxation from a magnetized initial configuration. The universal scaling forms of the two-time response and correlation functions of the magnetization are derived within the field-theoretical approach and the associated scaling functions and fluctuation-dissipation ratio are computed up to first order in the epsilon-expansion. Aging behavior is clearly displayed during the critical relaxation. These results are confirmed by Monte Carlo simulations of the two-dimensional Ising model with Glauber dynamics. The crossover to the case of relaxation from a disordered state is discussed and the crossover function for the fluctuation-dissipation ratio is computed within the Gaussian approximation.

Pasquale Calabrese; Andrea Gambassi; Florent Krzakala

2006-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

323

Dark Energy Constraints from the Cosmic Age and Supernova  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the low limit of cosmic ages from globular cluster and the white dwarfs: $t_0 > 12$Gyr, together with recent new high redshift supernova observations from the HST/GOODS program and previous supernova data, we give a considerable estimation of the equation of state for dark energy, with uniform priors as weak as $0.2paper a new scenario of dark energy dubbed Quintom, which gives rise to the equation of state larger than -1 in the past and less than -1 today, satisfying current observations. In addition we've also considered the implications of recent X-ray gas mass fraction data on dark energy, which favors a negative running of the equation of state.

Bo Feng; Xiulian Wang; Xinmin Zhang

2004-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

324

LONG TERM AGING AND SURVEILLANCE OF 9975 PACKAGE COMPONENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mission of the 9975 package, originally designed only for transportation of radioactive materials, has been broadened to include storage at the Savannah River Site. Two components of this package, namely the containment vessel O-rings and fiberboard overpack, require continued integrity assessment under the storage conditions. The performance of the components over time is being evaluated using accelerated-aging studies. Compression stress relaxation (CSR) and leak testing are being used to measure the performance of O-rings. The performance of the fiberboard is being evaluated using compression strength, thermal conductivity, specific heat capacity and other physical properties. Models developed from the data collected provide an initial prediction of service life for the two components, and support the conclusion that normal service conditions will not degrade the performance of the package beyond specified functional requirements for the first assessment interval. Increased confidence in this conclusion is derived from field surveillance data and destructive evaluation of packages removed from storage.

Hoffman, E.; Skidmore, E.; Daugherty, W.; Dunn, K.

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

325

Ice Age Epochs and the Sun's Path Through the Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of the Sun's motion through the Milky Way Galaxy over the last 500 million years. The integration is based upon estimates of the Sun's current position and speed from measurements with Hipparcos and upon a realistic model for the Galactic gravitational potential. We estimate the times of the Sun's past spiral arm crossings for a range in assumed values of the spiral pattern angular speed. We find that for a difference between the mean solar and pattern speed of Omega_Sun - Omega_p = 11.9 +/- 0.7 km/s/kpc the Sun has traversed four spiral arms at times that appear to correspond well with long duration cold periods on Earth. This supports the idea that extended exposure to the higher cosmic ray flux associated with spiral arms can lead to increased cloud cover and long ice age epochs on Earth.

D. R. Gies; J. W. Helsel

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

326

Age-aware solder performance models : level 2 milestone completion.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Legislated requirements and industry standards are replacing eutectic lead-tin (Pb-Sn) solders with lead-free (Pb-free) solders in future component designs and in replacements and retrofits. Since Pb-free solders have not yet seen service for long periods, their long-term behavior is poorly characterized. Because understanding the reliability of Pb-free solders is critical to supporting the next generation of circuit board designs, it is imperative that we develop, validate and exercise a solder lifetime model that can capture the thermomechanical response of Pb-free solder joints in stockpile components. To this end, an ASC Level 2 milestone was identified for fiscal year 2010: Milestone 3605: Utilize experimentally validated constitutive model for lead-free solder to simulate aging and reliability of solder joints in stockpile components. This report documents the completion of this milestone, including evidence that the milestone completion criteria were met and a summary of the milestone Program Review.

Neilsen, Michael K.; Vianco, Paul Thomas; Neidigk, Matthew Aaron; Holm, Elizabeth Ann

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Summary of Session 6: Aging Effects in RPC Detectors  

SciTech Connect

Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) detectors are a very important part of present and future large-scale experiments. The present B-factory experiments, Belle and BaBar, operate at much larger luminosity (>3 x 10{sup 33} cm{sup -2} sec{sup -1}) compared to their predecessors at LEP, where the RPC rates were not much higher than cosmic ray rates. Both Belle and BaBar RPC detectors operate in streamer mode. On the other hand, the LHC RPC detectors will operate in proportional mode, which is advantageous in terms of lower accumulated charge per track; however, it may be offset by considerably higher rates, assuming that the aging scales simply as total accumulated charge. The fear that the LHC RPC detectors may encounter similar difficulties as the B-factory RPCs prompted a very intensive R&D effort of rate-related deterioration.

Va'vra, Jaroslav

2003-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

328

Effect of Cold Work and Aging on a Cobalt-Nickel Based Multiphase ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Next Generation Biomaterials. Presentation Title, Effect of Cold Work and Aging ...

329

Short Term Aging of Polymer Insulators: Impact of High Humidity Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For many years, EPRI has performed large scale aging tests on polymer insulators and evaluated many polymer insulators removed from service in an effort to understand what the aging factors are. EPRI has learned that a significant aging factor is corona discharge activity and has developed a test that focuses on how corona discharge activity degrades polymer insulators. This report highlights the latest development of a short-term aging test designed to assess how well a polymer insulator can ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

330

Accounting for Age Uncertainty in Growth Modeling, the Case Study of Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accounting for Age Uncertainty in Growth Modeling, the Case Study of Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus´enne de Bretagne, Rennes, France, 3 Indian Ocean Tuna Commission, Victoria, Seychelles, 4 Unite´ Mixte de our approach using the saggital otoliths of yellowfin tuna of the Indian Ocean collected through large

331

Materials Reliability Program: PWR Internals Material Aging Degradation Mechanism Screening and Threshold Values (MRP-175)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides screening criteria and their technical bases for age-related degradation evaluation of Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) internals component items. It is a key element in an overall strategy that uses knowledge of internals design, materials, and material properties and applies screening methodologies for known age-related degradation mechanisms to manage the effects of aging in PWR internals.

2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

332

Usingthe Essential Work of Fracture Method for Studying Physical Aging in Thin,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Usingthe Essential Work of Fracture Method for Studying Physical Aging in Thin, Ductile, Polymeric that impact properties change significantly after 30 days of aging at 50°C. To q u a n e this deleterious effect of aging, we did small-scale laboratory experi- ments using the essential work of fracture method

Nairn, John A.

333

Physical Aging and Phase Behavior of Multiresponsive Microgel Colloidal Dispersions Zhiyong Meng,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Aging and Phase Behavior of Multiresponsive Microgel Colloidal Dispersions Zhiyong Meng. These studies reveal an extreme degree of complexity in the physical aging and phase behavior of the dispersions into rectangular capillary tubes, to very slow crystalline or glassy phases after days or weeks of aging

Breedveld, Victor

334

Fracture, aging, and disease in bone J.W. Ager III  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fracture, aging, and disease in bone J.W. Ager III Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley-known increase with age in fracture risk of human bone is essential. This also represents a challenge from accompanying the process of aging using appropriate multiscale experimental methods and relating them

Ritchie, Robert

335

What Do Aging, Exercise, Swallowing Problems, and Nerve Growth Factors Have in Common?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Do Aging, Exercise, Swallowing Problems, and Nerve Growth Factors Have in Common? Allison J. Schaser, M.S., Kyle Stang, Nadine P. Connor, PhD & Mary Behan, PhD Methods 48 rats in 3 age groups were ages. We studied one possible mechanism that might be responsible for improvement: a change in levels

Sheridan, Jennifer

336

Aging of Tetrahedral Structure in a Lennard-Jones Glass1 Gianguido C. CIANCI2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging of Tetrahedral Structure in a Lennard-Jones Glass1 Gianguido C. CIANCI2 and Eric R. WEEKS3,4 Summary We study the aging of a glassy Lennard-Jones binary mixture with molecular dy- namics simulations. We follow the evolution of the packing as a function of the system's age tw, the time passed since

Weeks, Eric R.

337

Aging memory and glassiness of a driven vortex , Guohong Li1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Aging memory and glassiness of a driven vortex system. Xu Du1 , Guohong Li1 , Eva Y. Andrei1 , M memory, aging and nonlinear-dynamics. Glasses[1-11], interfaces[12] and fractures are some examples[13 the deviation from equilibrium. After removing the force, the system ages with time and its subsequent response

Andrei, Eva Y.

338

Effect of aging on the toughness of human cortical bone: evaluation by R-curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of aging on the toughness of human cortical bone: evaluation by R-curves R.K. Nallaa,b , J online 27 October 2004 Abstract Age-related deterioration of the fracture properties of bone, coupled, and hence, an understanding of how its fracture properties degrade with age is essential. The present study

Ritchie, Robert

339

Analyses of humanchimpanzee orthologous gene pairs to explore evolutionary hypotheses of aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyses of human­chimpanzee orthologous gene pairs to explore evolutionary hypotheses of aging Joa Abstract Compared to chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), the onset of aging appears to be delayed in the human acting on genes associated with aging in different model systems, which allowed us to explore

Church, George M.

340

Activated Aging Dynamics and Negative Fluctuation-Dissipation Ratios Peter Mayer,1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Activated Aging Dynamics and Negative Fluctuation-Dissipation Ratios Peter Mayer,1,2 Se´bastien Le 2006) In glassy materials, aging proceeds at large times via thermal activation. We show that this can theoretical and numerical results for the activated aging regime of simple kinetically constrained models

Berthier, Ludovic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Aging Study of RPC's for the SiD Hcal and Muon System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preliminary test results on microscope investigation and BESIII-type RPC aging performance have revealed interesting aging phenomena that had not been seen before in Linseed oil coated Italian-type RPC. We report here on the aging performance of BESIII-type and its variant RPC, and on microscopic surface characterization of BESIII-type Bakelite electrodes.

Changguo Lu; Kirk McDonald; A. J. S. Smith; Jiawen Zhang

2010-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

342

Determination of equivalent breast phantoms for different age groups of Taiwanese women: An experimental approach  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) slab is one of the mostly used phantoms for studying breast dosimetry in mammography. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the equivalence between exposure factors acquired from PMMA slabs and patient cases of different age groups of Taiwanese women in mammography. Methods: This study included 3910 craniocaudal screen/film mammograms on Taiwanese women acquired on one mammographic unit. The tube loading, compressed breast thickness (CBT), compression force, tube voltage, and target/filter combination for each mammogram were collected for all patients. The glandularity and the equivalent thickness of PMMA were determined for each breast using the exposure factors of the breast in combination with experimental measurements from breast-tissue-equivalent attenuation slabs. Equivalent thicknesses of PMMA to the breasts of Taiwanese women were then estimated. Results: The average {+-} standard deviation CBT and breast glandularity in this study were 4.2 {+-} 1.0 cm and 54% {+-} 23%, respectively. The average equivalent PMMA thickness was 4.0 {+-} 0.7 cm. PMMA slabs producing equivalent exposure factors as in the breasts of Taiwanese women were determined for the age groups 30-49 yr and 50-69 yr. For the 4-cm PMMA slab, the CBT and glandularity values of the equivalent breast were 4.1 cm and 65%, respectively, for the age group 30-49 yr and 4.4 cm and 44%, respectively, for the age group 50-69 yr. Conclusions: The average thickness of PMMA slabs producing the same exposure factors as observed in a large group of Taiwanese women is less than that reported for American women. The results from this study can provide useful information for determining a suitable thickness of PMMA for mammographic dose survey in Taiwan. The equivalence of PMMA slabs and the breasts of Taiwanese women is provided to allow average glandular dose assessment in clinical practice.

Dong, Shang-Lung; Chu, Tieh-Chi; Lin, Yung-Chien; Lan, Gong-Yau; Yeh, Yu-Hsiu; Chen, Sharon; Chuang, Keh-Shih [Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, 101 Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Department of Radiology, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, 45 Cheng Hsin Street, Pai-Tou District, Taipei 11220, Taiwan (China); Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, Kaohsiung Medical University, 100 Shih-Chuan 1st Road, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan (China); Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, 101 Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

343

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: November 16, 7: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #597: November 16, 2009 Median Age of Cars and Trucks Rising in 2008 on

344

A U-Th Calcite Isochron Age From An Active Geothermal Field In New Zealand  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U-Th Calcite Isochron Age From An Active Geothermal Field In New Zealand U-Th Calcite Isochron Age From An Active Geothermal Field In New Zealand Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A U-Th Calcite Isochron Age From An Active Geothermal Field In New Zealand Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: We report here the first U-Th disequilibrium age for a hydrothermal mineral from an active geothermal system in New Zealand. Vein calcite recovered from a depth of 389 m in Well Thm-1 at the Tauhara geothermal field has an age of 99±44 ka BP. This age was determined using a leachate-leachate isochron technique on four silicate containing sub-samples of calcite from a single vein. Although the error on this isochron age is considerable, it is significantly younger than the earlier

345

Time-aging time-stress superposition in soft glass under tensile deformation field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied the tensile deformation behaviour of thin films of aging aqueous suspension of Laponite, a model soft glassy material, when subjected to a creep flow field generated by a constant engineering normal stress. Aqueous suspension of Laponite demonstrates aging behaviour wherein it undergoes time dependent enhancement of its elastic modulus as well as its characteristic relaxation time. However, under application of the normal stress, the rate of aging decreases and in the limit of high stress, the aging stops with the suspension now undergoing a plastic deformation. Overall, it is observed that the aging that occurs over short creep times at small normal stresses is same as the aging that occurs over long creep times at large normal stresses. This observation allows us to suggest an aging time - process time - normal stress superposition principle, which can predict rheological behaviour at longer times by carrying out short time tests.

Asima Shaukat; Ashutosh Sharma; Yogesh M. Joshi

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

346

Characterization of Dry-Air Aged Granules of Silver-Functionalized Silica Aerogel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a letter report to complete level 3 milestone "Assess aging characteristics of silica aerogels" for DOE FCRD program. Recently, samples of Ag0-functionalized silica aerogel were aged in flowing dry air for up to 6 months and then loaded with iodine. This dry-air aging simulated the impact of long-term exposure to process gases during process idling. The 6-month aged sample exhibited an iodine sorption capacity of 32 mass%, which was 9 mass % lower than that for an un-aged Ag0-functionalized silica aerogel. In an attempt to understand this decrease in sorption capacity, we characterized physical properties of the aged samples with Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) nitrogen adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and high resolution scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed no impact of aging on the aerogel microstructure or the silver nanoparticles in the aerogel, including their spatial distribution and morphology.

Matyas, Josef; Fryxell, Glen E.; Robinson, Matthew J.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Ferrocyanide safety project ferrocyanide aging studies. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This final report gives the results of the work conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) from FY 1992 to FY 1996 on the Ferrocyanide Aging Studies, part of the Ferrocyanide Safety Project. The Ferrocyanide Safety Project was initiated as a result of concern raised about the safe storage of ferrocyanide waste intermixed with oxidants, such as nitrate and nitrite salts, in Hanford Site single-shell tanks (SSTs). In the laboratory, such mixtures can be made to undergo uncontrolled or explosive reactions by heating dry reagents to over 200{degrees}C. In 1987, an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), published by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Final Environmental Impact Statement, Disposal of Hanford Defense High-Level Transuranic and Tank Waste, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington, included an environmental impact analysis of potential explosions involving ferrocyanide-nitrate mixtures. The EIS postulated that an explosion could occur during mechanical retrieval of saltcake or sludge from a ferrocyanide waste tank, and concluded that this worst-case accident could create enough energy to release radioactive material to the atmosphere through ventilation openings, exposing persons offsite to a short-term radiation dose of approximately 200 mrem. Later, in a separate study (1990), the General Accounting Office postulated a worst-case accident of one to two orders of magnitude greater than that postulated in the DOE EIS. The uncertainties regarding the safety envelope of the Hanford Site ferrocyanide waste tanks led to the declaration of the Ferrocyanide Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) in October 1990.

Lilga, M.A.; Hallen, R.T.; Alderson, E.V. [and others

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Redshifted 21-cm Signals in the Dark Ages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have carried out semianalytic simulations to build redshifted 21-cm maps in the dark ages. An entropy-floor model is adopted for planting protogalaxies in simulated minihaloes. The model allocates gas quantities such as baryonic mass and temperature to every $N$-body particle and extensively exploits the particle nature of the data in the subsequent analysis. We have found that the number density of simulated minihaloes in the early universe is well described by the Sheth & Tormen function and consequently the signal powers of simulated minihaloes are far greater than the Press & Schechter prediction presented by Furlanetto (2006b). Even though the matter power spectrum measured in the halo particles at $z=15$ is about an order of magnitude smaller than the intergalactic medium (IGM), the 21-cm signal fluctuations of haloes are, to the contrary, one order of magnitude higher than the embedding adiabatic IGM on scales, $k\\lesssim 10 h{\\rm Mpc}^{-1}$. But their spectral shapes are almost same to each...

Kim, Juhan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Aging and Fracture of Human Cortical Bone and Tooth Dentin  

SciTech Connect

Mineralized tissues, such as bone and tooth dentin, serve as structural materials in the human body and, as such, have evolved to resist fracture. In assessing their quantitative fracture resistance or toughness, it is important to distinguish between intrinsic toughening mechanisms which function ahead of the crack tip, such as plasticity in metals, and extrinsic mechanisms which function primarily behind the tip, such as crack bridging in ceramics. Bone and dentin derive their resistance to fracture principally from extrinsic toughening mechanisms which have their origins in the hierarchical microstructure of these mineralized tissues. Experimentally, quantification of these toughening mechanisms requires a crack-growth resistance approach, which can be achieved by measuring the crack-driving force, e.g., the stress intensity, as a function of crack extension ("R-curve approach"). Here this methodology is used to study of the effect of aging on the fracture properties of human cortical bone and human dentin in order to discern the microstructural origins of toughness in these materials.

Ager, Joel; Koester, Kurt J.; Ager III, Joel W.; Ritchie, Robert O.

2008-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

350

Organic tanks safety program FY95 waste aging studies  

SciTech Connect

This report gives the second year`s findings of a study of how thermal and radiological processes may change the composition of organic compounds in the underground tanks at Hanford. Efforts were focused on the global reaction kinetics in a simulated waste exposed to {gamma} rays and the reactions of organic radicals with nitrite ion. The gas production is predominantly radiolytic. Decarboxylation of carboxylates is probably an aging pathway. TBP was totaly consumed in almost every run. Radiation clearly accelerated consumption of the other compounds. EDTA is more reactive than citrate. Oximes and possibly organic nitro compounds are key intermediates in the radiolytic redox reactions of organic compounds with nitrate/nitrite. Observations are consistent with organic compounds being progressively degraded to compounds with greater numbers of C-O bonds and fewer C-H and C-C bonds, resulting in an overall lower energy content. If the radwaste tanks are adequately ventilated and continually dosed by radioactivity, their total energy content should have declined. Level of risk depends on how rapidly carboxylate salts of moderate energy content (including EDTA fragments) degrade to low energy oxalate and formate.

Camaioni, D.M.; Samuels, W.D.; Clauss, S.A.; Lenihan, B.D.; Wahl, K.L.; Campbell, J.A.; Shaw, W.J.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Aging Effects on the Microstructure, Surface Characteristics and Wettability of Cu Pretinned with Sn-Pb Solders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chairman, "Accelerated Aging for Solderability EvaluationsA Survey of Accelerated Aging Techniques for SolderableJ. K. ,andG. J. Davis,"Aging Solder hickness Solder lloy T

Linch, H.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Growth of a Au-Ni-Sn intermetallic compound on the solder-substrate interface after aging (thesis)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chan and J.K.L. Lai, “Aging Studies of Cu-Sn Intermetallicfound that after extensive aging (150 “C for two weeks inDarveaux, “Effect of the Aging on the Strenght and Ductility

Minor, A.M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Feelings of Usefulness to Others, Disability, and Mortality in Older Adults: The MacArthur Study of Successful Aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study design and methodology. Aging (Milano), 5, 27–37. P36B. J. (1995). Successful aging, life satisfaction, andInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development, Fried,

Gruenewald, Tara L.; Karlamangla, Arun S.; Greendale, Gail A.; Singer, Burton H.; Seeman, Teresa E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The Aging Brain: Are two pathologies worse than one? White matter hyperintensities, beta-amyloid, and cognition in normal elderly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

related with cognition in aging and early Alzheimer disease,is normal, Neurobiology of Aging, 26.4, 9. Jeerakathil, T. ,related with cognition in aging and early Alzheimer disease,

Onami, Susan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Aging through hierarchical coalescence in the East model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We rigorously analyze the low temperature non-equilibrium dynamics of the East model, a special example of a one dimensional oriented kinetically constrained particle model, when the initial distribution is different from the reversible one and for times much smaller than the global relaxation time. This setting has been intensively studied in the physics literature to analyze the slow dynamics which follows a sudden quench from the liquid to the glass phase. In the limit of zero temperature (i.e. a vanishing density of vacancies) and for initial distributions such that the vacancies form a renewal process we prove that the density of vacancies, the persistence function and the two-time autocorrelation function behave as staircase functions with several plateaux. Furthermore the two-time autocorrelation function displays an aging behavior. We also provide a sharp description of the statistics of the domain length as a function of time, a domain being the interval between two consecutive vacancies. When the initial renewal process has finite mean our results confirm (and generalize) previous findings of the physicists for the restricted case of a product Bernoulli measure. However we show that a different behavior appears when the initial domain distribution is in the attraction domain of a $\\alpha$-stable law. All the above results actually follow from a more general result which says that the low temperature dynamics of the East model is very well described by that of a certain hierarchical coalescence process, a probabilistic object which can be viewed as a hierarchical sequence of suitably linked coalescence processes and whose asymptotic behavior has been recently studied in [14].

A. Faggionato; F. Martinelli; C. Roberto; C. Toninelli

2010-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

356

Pulmonary effects of inhaled diesel exhaust in aged mice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pulmonary morbidity and mortality resulting from exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) increases with age. The present studies analyzed potential mechanisms underlying increased susceptibility of the elderly to PM using diesel exhaust (DE) as a model. Mice (2 m and 18 m) were exposed to DE (0, 300, and 1000 mug/m{sup 3}) for 3 h once (single) or 3 h/day for 3 days (repeated). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL), serum and lung tissue were collected 0 and 24 h later. Exposure to DE resulted in structural alterations in the lungs of older but not younger mice, including patchy thickening of the alveolar septa and inflammatory cell localization in alveolar spaces. These effects were most pronounced 24 h after a single exposure to the higher dose of DE. Significant increases in BAL nitrogen oxides were also noted in older mice, as well as expression of lipocalin 24p3, an oxidative stress marker in the lung with no effects in younger mice. Following DE inhalation, expression of Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (TNFalpha) was upregulated in lungs of both younger and older mice; however, this was attenuated in older animals. Whereas exposure to DE resulted in increases in lung Interleukin-6 (IL-6) expression in both older and younger mice, IL-8 increased only in older animals. In younger mice, constitutive expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) decreased after DE exposure, while in older mice, constitutive MnSOD was not detectable and DE had no effect on expression of this antioxidant. Taken together, these results suggest that altered generation of inflammatory mediators and MnSOD may contribute to increased susceptibility of older mice to inhaled DE.

Sunil, Vasanthi R., E-mail: sunilvr@eohsi.rutgers.ed [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, 160 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Patel, Kinal J. [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, 160 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Mainelis, Gediminas; Turpin, Barbara J. [Department of Environmental Science, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Ridgely, Sherritta [Laboratory Animal Services, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Laumbach, Robert J.; Kipen, Howard M. [Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, UMDNJ, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Nazarenko, Yevgen [Department of Environmental Science, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Veleeparambil, Manoj; Gow, Andrew J. [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, 160 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States); Laskin, Jeffrey D. [Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, UMDNJ, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Laskin, Debra L. [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, 160 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 Managing Aging Effects on Dry Cask Storage Systems for Extended Long Term Storage and Transportation of Used Fuel Rev0 The report is intended to help assess and establish the technical basis for extended long-term storage and transportation of used nuclear fuel. It provides: 1) an overview of the ISFSI license renewal process based on 10 CFR 72 and the guidance provided in NUREG-1927; 2) definitions and terms for structures and components in DCSSs, materials, environments, aging effects, and aging mechanisms; 3) TLAAs and AMPs, respectively, that have been developed for managing aging effects on the SSCs important to safety in the dry cask storage system designs; and 4) AMPs and TLAAs for the SSCs

358

YIELD STRENGTH PREDICTION FOR RAPID AGE-HARDENING HEAT TREATMENT OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A constitutive model has been developed to predict the yield strength aging curves for aluminum casting alloys during non-isothermal age-hardening processes. The model provides the specific relationship between the process variables and yield strength. Several aging heat treatment scenarios have been investigated using the proposed model, including two-step aging recipes. Two-step aging heat treatments involve a low temperature regime to promote nucleation of secondary phases and a second step at higher temperature for the growth of the secondary phases. The predicted results show that yield strength of approximately 300MPa might be obtained in shorter aging time, of approximately 30 minutes. Thus, better mechanical properties can be obtained by optimizing the time-temperature schedules for the precipitation hardening process of heat treatable aluminum alloys.

Yin, Hebi [ORNL; Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Ludtka, Gerard Michael [ORNL; Skszek, Timothy [Vehma International of American, Inc.; Niu, X [Magna Cosma International, Promatek Research Centre

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

NEW MEMBERS OF THE SCORPIUS-CENTAURUS COMPLEX AND AGES OF ITS SUB-REGIONS  

SciTech Connect

We have spectroscopically identified {approx}100 G-, K-, and M-type members of the Scorpius-Centaurus complex. To deduce the age of these young stars we compare their Li {lambda}6708 absorption line strengths against those of stars in the TW Hydrae association and {beta} Pictoris moving group. These line strengths indicate that Sco-Cen stars are younger than {beta} Pic stars whose ages of {approx}12 Myr have previously been derived from a kinematic traceback analysis. Our derived age, {approx}10 Myr, for stars in the Lower Centaurus Crux and Upper Centaurus Lupus subgroups of ScoCen is younger than previously published ages based on the moving cluster method and upper main-sequence fitting. The discrepant ages are likely due to an incorrect (or lack of) cross-calibration between model-dependent and model-independent age-dating methods.

Song, Inseok [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-2451 (United States); Zuckerman, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 475 Portola Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Bessell, M. S. [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Institute of Advanced Studies, The Australian National University, ACT 2611 (Australia)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Aging of nuclear station diesel generators: Evaluation of operating and expert experience: Phase 1, Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest Laboratory evaluated operational and expert experience pertaining to the aging degradation of diesel generators in nuclear service. The research, sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), identified and characterized the contribution of aging to emergency diesel generator failures. This report, Volume I, reviews diesel-generator experience to identify the systems and components most subject to aging degradation and isolates the major causes of failure that may affect future operational readiness. Evaluations show that as plants age, the percent of aging-related failures increases and failure modes change. A compilation is presented of recommended corrective actions for the failures identified. This study also includes a review of current, relevant industry programs, research, and standards. Volume II reports the results of an industry-wide workshop held on May 28 and 29, 1986 to discuss the technical issues associated with aging of nuclear service emergency diesel generators.

Hoopingarner, K.R.; Vause, J.W.; Dingee, D.A.; Nesbitt, J.F.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Health, Productivity and Safety in the Workforce: Does Age Make a Difference?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Health, Productivity and Safety in the Workforce: Health, Productivity and Safety in the Workforce: Does Age Make a Difference? Amy Cohen-Callow, PhD; Jodi Jacobson, PhD; Phillip Osteen, PhD, Jungyai Ko, MSSA (Funding for this study was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy and two participating DOE worksites that will remain anonymous. Coordination and management of the this grant was provided by Oak Ridge Associated Universities.) STUDY QUESTIONS PROBLEM * Growing aging workforce approaching retirement yet remaining in the workforce * Aging workforce fills workforce gap contributing knowledge, advanced skills and is engaged and committed * Chronic health condition increase with age which may affect productivity and safety 1. Do reports of chronic health conditions vary by age? 2. Do workers of different ages with one or more health

362

Guidelines for the Monitoring of Aging of I&C Electronic Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Failures of instrumentation and control (I&C) systems due to aging of electronic boards and components may have an immediate negative impact on plant reliability and availability. Failures also affect long-term plant performance and safety. Aging management technologies based on predicting failures and aging mechanisms should allow optimization of preventative maintenance activities and scheduling by helping define cost-effective, condition-based maintenances programs. This work supports these goals by p...

2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

363

Plant Support Engineering: Aging Effects for Structures and Structural Components (Structural Tools)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the application process for license renewal (LR), nuclear utilities must perform an evaluation to confirm that they have appropriately considered any aging effects on plant components within the scope of the License Renewal Rule. This report identifies structures and structural components subject to aging management review (AMR) for generic pressurized water reactor (PWR) and boiling water reactor (BWR) nuclear plants. The report also describes aging mechanisms that might impact each component.

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

364

Motor skill performance of school-age children with visual impairments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis focuses on the motor skill performance of school-age children with visual impairments (VI). Children with VI are at risk of poor motor skill… (more)

Houwen, Suzanne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Aging behavior and mechanical properties of maraging steels in the presence of submicrocrystalline Laves phase particles  

SciTech Connect

Cold rolling and annealing of homogenized Fe-Ni-Mn-Mo-Ti-Cr maraging steels resulted in the formation of submicrocrystalline Fe{sub 2}(Mo,Ti) Laves phase particles. Optical and scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, tensile and hardness tests were used to study the microstructure, aging behavior and mechanical properties of the annealed steels. The annealed microstructures showed age hardenability during subsequent isothermal aging at 753 K. Ultrahigh fracture stress but poor tensile ductility was obtained after substantial age hardening in the specimens with 2% and 4% chromium. Increasing chromium addition up to 6% toughened the aged microstructure at the expense of the fracture stress by increasing the volume fraction of retained austenite. The Laves phase particles acted as crack nucleation sites during tensile deformation. - Highlights: {yields} Laves phases dispersed in a BCC iron matrix by annealing of cold rolled samples. {yields} The samples showed age hardenability during subsequent isothermal aging at 753 K. {yields} Ultrahigh fracture stress but poor ductility was obtained after age hardening. {yields} Increasing chromium addition toughened the aged microstructure. {yields} Laves phase particles acting as crack nucleation sites during tensile deformation.

Mahmoudi, A., E-mail: abbasm1363@gmail.com [Young Researchers Club, Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box 54516, Ahar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ghavidel, M.R. Zamanzad [Young Researchers Club, Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box 54516, Ahar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Nedjad, S. Hossein [Faculty of Materials Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, P. O. Box: 51335-1996, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Heidarzadeh, A. [Young Researchers Club, Ahar Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O. Box 54516, Ahar (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Ahmadabadi, M. Nili [School of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, University of Tehran, P. O. Box: 14395-731, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Effect of Aging on Mechanical Properties of Ti-Mo-Al Biomedical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the case of Ti-Ni, cold work and aging at intermediate temperatures are utilized to improve shape memory effect through hardening. Therefore, in this work, ...

367

Effect of Aging Treatment on Fatigue Behavior of an Al-Cu-Mg-Ag Alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tests were performed to characterize the distribution in fatigue lifetimes at a given stress level and the small-crack growth behavior under the two aging ...

368

Aging in a Colloidal Glass in Creep Flow: Time-Stress Superposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we study ageing behavior of aqueous laponite suspension, a model soft glassy material, in creep. We observe that viscoelastic behavior is time dependent and is strongly influenced by the deformation field; the effect is known to arise due to ageing and rejuvenation. We show that irrespective of strength of deformation field (shear stress) and age, when imposed time-scale is normalized with dominating relaxation mode of the system, universal ageing behavior is obtained demonstrating time-stress superposition; the phenomena that may be generic in variety of soft materials.

Yogesh M. Joshi; G. Ranjith; K. Reddy

2007-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

369

C5: Effects of Alloying Elements on Thermal Aging Embrittlement of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After thermal aging, a significant increase in hardness, yield and ultimate tensile strength was observed, which was attributed primarily to the formation of ...

370

Thermal Aging Effect on Fracture Toughness of Modified 9Cr-1Mo ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the material is envisioned for long-term elevated temperature applications, thermal aging effects on the mechanical and microstructural properties of the ...

371

Behaviors of 7055 Aluminum Alloy in Retrogression and Re-Aging ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Study of the Influence of Plastic Pre Strain in Different Directions before Aging of Extruded and Hydro Formed Material on the Mechanical Properties of ...

372

Establishing a rodent (Fischer 344 rat) model of mild cognitive impairment in aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mild Cognitive Impairment is characterized by age-related decline in a variety of cognitive domains, including reference and working memory and olfactory function. Importantly, declining age-related mnemonic abilities is not inevitable; learning and memory deficits emerge in some people by middle-age while others remain largely cognitively-intact even at advanced chronological ages. The goal of this thesis is to establish a Fischer 344 (F344) rat model with some features of human cognitive aging which can then be utilized to undercover the neurobiological underpinnings of age-related cognitive deficits. Young (6 mo), middle-aged (11 mo), and aged (22 mo) F344 rats were behaviorally characterized in a well-established reference memory version of the Morris water maze task. Indeed, age-related impairments did occur across the lifespan. Moreover, the reference memory protocol used here was sufficiently sensitive to detect a difference in individual abilities among aged F344 rats such that approximately half of the rats performed on par with young while the other half performed outside this range, demonstrating impairment. These data mimic individual differences in declarative memory among aged humans. Subsequently, subsets of rats initially characterized on the reference memory version of the water maze were tested on either a spatial working memory water maze task or an olfactory discrimination task. Despite detecting an age-related delay-dependent decline in spatial working memory, this impairment was not correlated with spatial reference memory. In contrast, a strong and significant relationship was observed among aged rats in the odor discrimination task such that aged rats with the worst spatial reference memory were also the most impaired in their ability to discriminate odors for a food reward. Importantly, this subset of cognitively-impaired rats was not impaired on digging media discrimination problems with identical task demands, nor were they anosmic. These data are among the first to demonstrate a cross-domain cognitive deficit in a rodent model of human aging. Together, the current study both confirms the use of the naturalistic F344 rat model for the study of cognitive deficits within the context of aging and provides the most comprehensive cognitive profile of this rat population to date.

LaSarge, Candi Lynn

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Impact of Isothermal Aging on Long Term Reliability of Fine Pitch ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on weibull plots for each condition, the lifetime of the package reduced approximately 45% with 150oC aging precondition and with longer ...

374

Single particle characterization, source apportionment, and aging effects of ambient aerosols in Southern California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from residential wood combustion, Environmental Science &Characterization of aging wood chip combustion aerosol in anof particles from wood chip combustion [Leskinen et al. ,

Shields, Laura Grace

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Effects of Nb and V Microalloying on Hardenability and Age ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of Nb and V on hardenability and age hardening of commercially ... Atomic Scale Investigation on Precipitates in High Carbon Bearing Steel 100Cr6.

376

Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Figure 2. Stratigraphic Summary of Ages, Names and Rock Types in the ANWR 1002 and Coastal Plain Area of the Alaska North Slope. Potentially Productive ...

377

Cyclic Deformation Behavior of Aged FeNiCoAlTa Single Crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dog-bone shaped specimens were tested up to 100 cycles after different aging heat treatments in order to characterize the cyclic stress-strain response and ...

378

Materials Reliability Program: Strategies for Managing Aging Effects in PWR Vessel Internals - Interim Update (MRP-99)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report updates the previous EPRI report on developing strategies for managing aging effects in pressurized water reactor (PWR) internals during the license renewal term.

2003-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

379

ACCELERATED AGING STUDY OF MACHINE WINDING INSULATION UNDER AC AND HIGH FREQUENCY PULSE VOLTAGE APPLICATION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? It is common practice to perform accelerated aging with 60 Hz ac to determine the lifetime characteristics of insulation used in the machine. Comparable… (more)

Chalise, Sajal Raj

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Semi-Annual Report on Work Supporting the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM)  

SciTech Connect

During the first six months of this project, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has provided planning and leadership support for the establishment of the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM). This entailed facilitating the efforts of the Global Steering Committee to prepare the charter, operating guidelines, and other documents for IFRAM. It also included making plans for the Inaugural meeting and facilitating its success. This meeting was held on August 4 5, 2011, in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Representatives from Asia, Europe, and the United States met to share information on reactor aging management and to make plans for the future. Professor Tetsuo Shoji was elected chairperson of the Leadership Council. This kick-off event transformed the dream of an international forum into a reality. On August 4-5, 2011, IFRAM began to achieve its mission. The work completed successfully during this period was built upon important previous efforts. This included the development of a proposal for establishing IFRAM and engaging experts in Asia and Europe. The proposal was presented at Engagement workshops in Seoul, Korea (October 2009) and Petten, The Netherlands (May 2010). Participants in both groups demonstrated strong interest in the establishment of IFRAM. Therefore, the Global Steering Committee was formed to plan and carry out the start-up of IFRAM in 2011. This report builds on the initial activities and documents the results of activities over the last six months.

Bond, Leonard J.; Brenchley, David L.

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Aging and Phase Stability of Waste Package Outer Barrier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report was prepared in accordance with ''Technical Work Plan for: Regulatory Integration Modeling and Analysis of the Waste Form and Waste Package'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171583]). This report provides information on the phase stability of Alloy 22, the current waste package outer barrier material. The goal of this model is to determine whether the single-phase solid solution is stable under repository conditions and, if not, how fast other phases may precipitate. The aging and phase stability model, which is based on fundamental thermodynamic and kinetic concepts and principles, will be used to provide predictive insight into the long-term metallurgical stability of Alloy 22 under relevant repository conditions. The results of this model are used by ''General Corrosion and Localized Corrosion of Waste Package Outer Barrier'' as reference-only information. These phase stability studies are currently divided into three general areas: Tetrahedrally close-packed (TCP) phase and carbide precipitation in the base metal; TCP and carbide precipitation in welded samples; and Long-range ordering reactions. TCP-phase and carbide precipitates that form in Alloy 22 are generally rich in chromium (Cr) and/or molybdenum (Mo) (Raghavan et al. 1984 [DIRS 154707]). Because these elements are responsible for the high corrosion resistance of Alloy 22, precipitation of TCP phases and carbides, especially at grain boundaries, can lead to an increased susceptibility to localized corrosion in the alloy. These phases are brittle and also tend to embrittle the alloy (Summers et al. 1999 [DIRS 146915]). They are known to form in Alloy 22 at temperatures greater than approximately 600 C. Whether these phases also form at the lower temperatures expected in the repository during the 10,000-year regulatory period must be determined. The kinetics of this precipitation will be determined for both the base metal and the weld heat-affected zone (HAZ). The TCP phases (P, {mu}, and {sigma}) are present in the weld metal in the as-welded condition. It may be possible to eliminate these phases through a solution anneal heat treatment, but that may not be possible for the closure weld because the spent nuclear fuel cladding cannot be heated to more than 350 C. The effects of any stress mitigation techniques (such as laser peening or solution heat treating) that may be used to reduce the tensile stresses on the closure welds must also be determined. Cold-work will cause an increase in dislocation density, and such an increase in dislocation density may cause an increase in diffusion rates that control precipitation kinetics (Porter et al. 1992 [DIRS 161265]; Tawancy et al. 1983 [DIRS 104991]). Long-range order (LRO) occurs in nickel (Ni)-Cr-Mo alloys (such as Alloy 22) at temperatures less than approximately 600 C. This ordering has been linked to an increased susceptibility of Ni-Cr-Mo alloys to stress corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement (Tawancy et al. 1983 [DIRS 104991]). These analyses provide information on the rate at which LRO may occur in Alloy 22 under repository conditions. Determination of the kinetics of transformations through experimental techniques requires that the transformations being investigated be accelerated due to the fact that the expected service life is at least 10,000 years. Phase transformations are typically accelerated through an increase in temperature. The rate of transformation is determined at the higher temperature and is extrapolated to the lower temperatures of interest.

F. Wong

2004-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

382

Mercury Oxidation Behavior of New, Aged, and Regenerated SCR Catalysts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over 110,000 MW of coal-fired capacity in the United States has deployed selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for nitrogen oxide (NOx) control, and an additional estimated 60,000 MW may be installed by 2020. End users and operators of SCR systems have an ongoing need for the latest guidelines, methods, and other tools to ensure that existing and additional SCR equipment functions optimally without disrupting other unit operations. It is now widely known that along with NOx reduction, SCR catalysts have th...

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

383

Understanding the Impacts of Moisture and Thermal Ageing on Transformer's Insulation by Dielectric Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the Impacts of Moisture and Thermal Ageing on Transformer's Insulation by Dielectric of oil and paper in a transformer degrade primarily due to thermal ageing and moisture ingress insulation in a transformer. Index Terms -- Condition monitoring, gel permeation chromatography, moisture

Saha, Tapan Kumar

384

Age-based preventive maintenance for passive components submitted to stress corrosion cracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with an age-based preventive maintenance for critical systems or structures subject to a gradual degradation phenomenon such as stress corrosion cracking. We analyze a system subjected to different cracks. A crack can be only detected ... Keywords: Age-based maintenance, Counting processes, Gamma process, Non-homogeneous Poisson process, SCC models

I. T. Castro; Anne Barros; Antoine Grall

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

We-Government: an anatomy of citizen coproduction in the information age  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines whether the tools of the Information Age---principally but not exclusively the Internet---make citizen coproduction of government services more viable and effective. The paper first discusses the re-emergence of citizen coproduction ... Keywords: collaborative governance, coproduction, crowdsourcing, digital government, e-government, government as platform, information age, public administration, service delivery

Dennis Linders

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Age and technology innovation in the workplace: Does work context matter?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two workplace trends will become increasingly important in years to come: reliance on information technology (IT) and workforce aging. This study explores the influence of workplace context on employee reactions to the implementation of a new IT initiative ... Keywords: Age, Implementation, Organizational climate, Technology

Tracey E. Rizzuto

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Classifying aging genes into DNA repair or non-DNA repair-related categories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The elderly population in almost every country is growing faster than ever before. However, our knowledge about the aging process is still limited despite decades of studies on this topic. In this report, we focus on the gradual accumulation of DNA damage ... Keywords: DNA-repair, aging, classification, feature selection, random forest

Yaping Fang, Xinkun Wang, Elias K. Michaelis, Jianwen Fang

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Internet use and online social support among same sex attracted individuals of different ages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current research addressed age differences in internet use among Same Sex Attracted (SSA) individuals. In general, online communities are found to be a source of social support, especially for minority group members. However, it is unclear whether ... Keywords: Age differences, Coming out, Online communities, Online profiles, Sexual minorities, Social support

L. Baams; K. J. Jonas; S. Utz; H. M. W. Bos; L. van der Vuurst

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Materials Reliability Program: Aging Management Strategies for Westinghouse and Combustion Engineering PWR Internals (MRP-232)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the aging management strategy development for Westinghouse and Combustion Engineering (CE) reactor internals. This report provides the technical basis for the aging management requirements of Westinghouse and CE reactor internals in the Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) internals I&E guidelines (MRP-227-Rev. 0).

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

390

Correlation Between Aging and Seismic Qualification for Nuclear Plant Electrical Components  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shake-table tests indicate that aging has no effect on the performance of several common electrical components during or after earthquakes. These findings suggest that some components can be exempted from the costly artificial aging that in some cases is required for seismic qualification.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Quantification of the Lateral Boundary Forcing of a Regional Climate Model Using an Aging Tracer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The present work introduces a new and useful tool to quantify the lateral boundary forcing of a regional climate model (RCM). This tool, an aging tracer, computes the time the air parcels spend inside the limited-area domain of an RCM. The aging ...

Philippe Lucas-Picher; Daniel Caya; Sébastien Biner; René Laprise

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

500-kV Non-Ceramic Insulator Aging Chamber: Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report will help utilities and manufacturers understand primary non-ceramic insulator (NCI) aging mechanisms and allow them to compare the ability of a number of currently available NCI designs to withstand those aging mechanisms. Research results also will be useful for further development of in-service inspection methods.

2000-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

393

Aging effects in palladium and LaNi sub 4. 25 Al sub 0. 75 tritides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Palladium and LaNi{sub 5-x}Al{sub x} (x=0.30, 0.75, 0.85), which form reversible hydrides, are used for tritium processing and storage in the Savannah River Site (SRS) tritium facilities. As part of a program to develop technology based on the use of reversible metal hydrides for tritium processing and storage, the effects of aging on the thermodynamic behavior of palladium and LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0. 75} tritides are under investigation. During aging, the {sup 3}He tritium decay product remains in the tritide lattice and changes the thermodynamics of the tritium-metal tritide system. Aging effects in 755-day-aged palladium and 1423-day-aged LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0.75} tritides will be reported. Changes in the thermodynamics were determined by measuring tritium desorption isotherms on aging samples. In palladium, aging decreases the desorption isotherm plateau pressure and changes the {alpha}-phase portion of the isotherm. Aging-induced changes in desorption isotherms are more drastic in LaNi{sub 4.25}Al{sub 0.75}. Among the changes noted are: (1) decreased isotherm plateau pressure, (2) increased isotherm plateau slope, and (3) appearance of deep-trapped tritium, removable only by exchange with deuterium.

Nobile, A.; Wermer, J.R.; Walters, R.T.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

The Age of Water and Ventilation Timescales in a Global Ocean Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The age of water in the World Ocean is studied using a passive age tracer introduced into a global ocean model. Additional information is derived from a transient “dye” tracer that tracks the time-dependent spreading of surface waters into the ...

Matthew H. England

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Program on Technology Innovation: Chloride Attack-Induced Aging of Concrete Structures in the Energy Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corrosion of embedded steel elements (reinforcement, liner, pre- or post-tensioning device) is a major cause of structure dysfunction resulting in large maintenance and repair costs worldwide. This report focuses on chloride attack–induced aging of concrete structures in the energy industry. Chloride attack is a common aging issue caused by marine environment, the extensive ...

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

396

Consequences of pacing the Pleistocene 100 kyr ice ages by nonlinear phase locking to Milankovitch forcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consequences of pacing the Pleistocene 100 kyr ice ages by nonlinear phase locking to Milankovitch. Wunsch (2006), Consequences of pacing the Pleistocene 100 kyr ice ages by nonlinear phase locking by their fit to the ice volume proxy record is therefore difficult. [5] ``Nonlinear phase locking'' may

Huybers, Peter

397

A Review of Information for Managing Aging in Nuclear Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

Age related degradation effects in safety related systems of nuclear power plants should be managed to prevent safety margins from eroding below the acceptable limits provided in plant design bases. The Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Pro- gram, conducted under the auspices of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, and other related aging management programs are developing technical information on managing aging. The aging management process central to these efforts consists of three key elements: 1) selecting structures, systems, and components (SSCs) in which aging should be controlled; 2) understanding the mechanisms and rates of degradation in these SSCs; and 3) managing degradation through effective inspection, surveillance, condition monitoring, trending, record keeping, mainten- ance, refurbishment, replacement, and adjustments in the operating environment and service conditions. This document concisely reviews and integrates information developed under the NPAR Program and other aging management studies and other available information related to understanding and managing age-related degradation effects and provides specific refer- ences to more comprehensive information on the same subjects.

WC Morgan; JV Livingston

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Proceedings of the Inaugural Meeting of the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM)  

SciTech Connect

In almost all countries with nuclear power plants (NPPs), regulatory authorities and the nuclear industry are looking at some form of extended operating periods. To support life extension activities it is necessary to ensure the continued safety and reliability of system, structures, and components, and the component materials. Internationally, a variety of individual national and international activities have been initiated including Plant Life Management through the International Atomic Energy Agency, Electric Power Research Institute’s Long Term Operation program, and various national programs in managing materials degradation and related topics. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) engaged the international community in workshops in 2005-2006 to identify research needs and to collect information in an expert panel report on Proactive Management of Materials Degradation (PMMD), which was reported in NUREG/CR-6923. These results are also available via an Information Tool on the internet at http://pmmd.pnl.gov. This information builds on the extensive compilations known as the GALL Report (Generic Aging Lessons Learned, NUREG-1801, Vols. 1 and 2). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) recently issued a report on the review of various international activities in PMMD (PNNL-17779). There have also been initiatives by Electricite de France, Tokyo Electric Power Company, EPRI, and others to establish a "Materials Aging Institute." Within the materials degradation research community there are also networks and technical meetings focused on some elements of PMMD. In spite of all these efforts, there is currently no forum to bring together these diverse activities and provide coordinated information exchange and prioritization of materials aging management/PMMD topics. It is believed that the International Forum for Reactor Aging Management (IFRAM) would be a good way to achieve this goal and help develop new approaches for ensuring continued safe operation in existing and future nuclear power plants. To begin addressing this need, NRC has established a Proactive Management of Materials Degradation Program for managing in-service degradation of metallic components in aging NPPs. The NRC is seeking to facilitate the establishment of IFRAM as a network of international experts who would exchange information on operating experience, best practices, and emerging knowledge. These experts would be willing to work jointly and leverage the separate efforts of existing national programs into a unified approach to enable the potential for the safe and economic life extension of NPPs. A proposal for establishing IFRAM was developed and presented at Engagement workshops in Seoul, Korea (October 2009) and Petten, The Netherlands (May 2010). Participants in both groups demonstrated strong interest in the establishment of IFRAM. Therefore the Global Steering Committee was formed to plan and carry out the start-up of IFRAM in 2011. This group finalized the documents for IFRAM and organized the kick-off meeting. This document records the contents of the inaugural meeting of IFRAM, which was held August 4-5, 2011, at the Cheyenne Mountain Resort in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Representatives from Asia, Europe, and the United States met to share information on reactor aging management and make plans for the future. Professor Tetsuo Shoji was elected chairperson of the Leadership Council. This kick-off event transformed the dream of an international forum into a reality. IFRAM has begun to achieve its mission.

Bond, Leonard J.; Brenchley, David L.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Can clone size serve as a proxy for clone age?An exploration Blackwell Publishing Ltd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In long-lived clonal plants, the overall size of a clone is often used to estimate clone age. The size of a clone, however, might be largely determined by physical or biotic interactions, obscuring the relationship between clone size and age. Here, we use the accumulation of mutations at 14 microsatellite loci to estimate clone age in trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) from southwestern Canada. We show that the observed patterns of genetic divergence are consistent with a model of increasing ramet population size, allowing us to use pairwise genetic divergence as an estimator of clone age. In the populations studied, clone size did not exhibit a significant relationship with microsatellite divergence, indicating that clone size is not a good proxy for clone age. In P. tremuloides, the per-locus per-year neutral somatic mutation rate across 14 microsatellite loci was estimated to lie between 6 × 10 –7 (lower bound) and 4 × 10 –5 (upper bound).

D. Ally; K. Ritland; S P. O Tto

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

AGE DETERMINATION FOR 346 NEARBY STARS IN THE HERSCHEL DEBRIS SURVEY  

SciTech Connect

DEBRIS is a flux-limited survey of nearby stars (spectral types A-M) for evidence of debris disks with the Herschel Space Observatory. One goal of the survey is to determine disk incidence as a function of various stellar parameters. Understanding debris disk evolution depends on knowledge of the precise age of stars around which these debris disks are found. However, finding ages for field stars is notoriously difficult. Furthermore, in an unbiased sample like DEBRIS, one is working with stars across many spectral types. This requires a multi-method approach to age determination. In this paper, we outline several methods of age determination broken down by spectral type, including some strengths and limitations of each method. In total, we were able to calculate ages for 263 of 274 F-, G-, and K-type stars, and all 83 A-type stars in the DEBRIS sample.

Vican, Laura, E-mail: lvican@astro.ucla.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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401

Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants-stationary batteries. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Aging Management Guideline (AMG) describes recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in BWR and PWR commercial nuclear power plant stationary batteries important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

Berg, R.; Shao, J.; Krencicki, G.; Giachetti, R. [Multiple Dynamics Corp., Southfield, MI (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Aging Management Guideline for commercial nuclear power plants: Motor control centers; Final report  

SciTech Connect

This Aging Management Guideline (AMG) provides recommended methods for effective detection and mitigation of age-related degradation mechanisms in Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) and Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) commercial nuclear power plant motor control centers important to license renewal. The intent of this AMG is to assist plant maintenance and operations personnel in maximizing the safe, useful life of these components. It also supports the documentation of effective aging management programs required under the License Renewal Rule 10 CFR Part 54. This AMG is presented in a manner that allows personnel responsible for performance analysis and maintenance to compare their plant-specific aging mechanisms (expected or already experienced) and aging management program activities to the more generic results and recommendations presented herein.

Toman, G.; Gazdzinski, R.; O`Hearn, E. [Ogden Environmental and Energy Services Co., Inc., Blue Bell, PA (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Aging management guideline for commercial nuclear power plants - tanks and pools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Continued operation of nuclear power plants for periods that extend beyond their original 40-year license period is a desirable option for many U.S. utilities. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) approval of operating license renewals is necessary before continued operation becomes a reality. Effective aging management for plant components is important to reliability and safety, regardless of current plant age or extended life expectations. However, the NRC requires that aging evaluations be performed and the effectiveness of aging management programs be demonstrated for components considered within the scope of license renewal before granting approval for operation beyond 40 years. Both the NRC and the utility want assurance that plant components will be highly reliable during both the current license term and throughout the extended operating period. In addition, effective aging management must be demonstrated to support Maintenance Rule (10 CFR 50.65) activities.

Blocker, E.; Smith, S.; Philpot, L.; Conley, J.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Aging behavior of polymeric solar absorber materials - Part 2: Commodity plastics  

SciTech Connect

In this series of two papers, various polymeric materials are investigated as to their potential applicability as absorber materials for solar thermal collectors. While Part 1 of this paper series deals with the aging behavior of engineering plastics, including two amorphous polymers (PPE + PS) and (PC) and two semi-crystalline polymers (two types of PA12), the present Part 2 treats the aging behavior of semi-crystalline so-called ''commodity'' plastics (two types of crosslinked polyethylene (PE-X) and two types of polypropylene (PP)). As in Part 1, the focus of the investigation is to study the aging behavior of these materials under maximum operating conditions (80 C in water up to 16,000 h) and stagnation conditions (140 C in air up to 500 h) typical for northern climate. The materials supplied or produced as polymer films were first characterized in the unaged state and then for different states of aging by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) and by mechanical tensile tests. DSC was applied primarily to obtain information on physical aging phenomena, whereas SEC analysis was used to characterize chemical degradation of the materials. In addition, physical and chemical aging were both analyzed via the small and large strain mechanical behavior. Comparing the two aging conditions in hot air and hot water, a rather stable mechanical performance profile was found for both PP types over the investigated aging time, which was interpreted in terms of competing physical and chemical aging mechanisms. Analogously such competing mechanisms were also inferred for one of the PE-X materials, while the other exhibited substantial degradation in terms of strain-to-break values for both aging conditions. In principle, both PP and PE-X are promising candidates for black absorber applications in northern climates if proper measures against overheating are taken and when adequately modified. (author)

Kahlen, S. [Polymer Competence Center Leoben GmbH, Roseggerstrasse 12, Leoben 8700 (Austria); Wallner, G.M.; Lang, R.W. [Institute for Polymeric Materials and Testing, University of Linz, Altenbergerstrasse 69, Linz 4040 (Austria)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Adult age differences in perceptually based, but not conceptually based implicit tests of memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Implicit tests of memory assess the influence of recent experience without requiring awareness of remembering. Evidence concerning age differences on implicit tests of memory suggests small age differences in favor of younger adults. However, the majority of research examining this issue has relied upon perceptually based implicit tests. Recently, a second type of implicit test, one that relies upon conceptually based processes, has been identified. The pattern of age differences on this second type of implicit test is less clear. In the present study, we examined the pattern of age differences oh one conceptually based (fact completion) and one perceptually based (stem completion) implicit test of memory, as well as two explicit tests of memory (fact and word recall). Tasks were administered to 403 adults from three age groups (19-34 years, 58-73 years, 74-89 years). Significant age differences in favor of the young were found on stem completion but not fact completion. Age differences were present for both word and fact recall. Correlational analyses examining the relationship of memory performance to other cognitive variables indicated that the implicit tests were supported by different components than the explicit tests, as well as being different from each other. IN RECENT years, there has been a great deal of interest in implicit tests of memory (Graf & Masson, 1993; Lewandosky, Dunn, & Kirsner, 1989). Unlike explicit tests of

Brent J. Small; David F. Hultsch; Michael E. J. Masson

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Age-related changes in receptor-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in various regions of rat brain  

SciTech Connect

The effects of age on cholinergic markers and receptor-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis was examined in the frontal cortex and striatum of male Fischer-344 rats. Choline acetyltransferase activity was decreased 27% in the striatum of aged rats compared to young controls. Muscarinic receptor density as measured by ({sup 3}H)-quinuclidinyl benzilate binding showed a similar 26% decrease in the striatum of aged rats. Phosphoinositide hydrolysis was measured by the release of inositol phosphate (IP) from tissue slices prelabeled with ({sup 3}H)myoinositol in response to carbachol, norepinephrine, and quisqualate. In the cortex, stimulated IP release was significantly greater in slices from aged rats compared to young rats for all three agonists. In contrast, stimulated IP release was significantly decreased in striatal slices from aged rats compared to young for all three agonists. These data indicate a differential effect of age on agonist-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in the cortex and striatum. The decreased responsiveness in the latter area may result from the age-related loss of postsynaptic receptors.

Mundy, W.; Tandon, P.; Tilson, H. (Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)); Ali, S. (National Center for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, AR (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Possible Origin of Improved High Temperature Performance of Hydrothermally Aged Cu/Beta Zeolite Catalysts  

SciTech Connect

The hydrothermal stability of Cu/beta NH3 SCR catalysts are explored here. In particular, this paper focuses on the interesting ability of this catalyst to maintain and even enhance high-temperature performance for the "standard" SCR reaction after modest (900 °C, 2 hours) hydrothermal aging. Characterization of the fresh and aged catalysts was performed with an aim to identify possible catalytic phases responsible for the enhanced high temperature performance. XRD, TEM and 27Al NMR all showed that the hydrothermally aging conditions used here resulted in almost complete loss of the beta zeolite structure between 1 and 2 hours aging. While the 27Al NMR spectra of 2 and 10 hour hydrothermally-aged catalysts showed significant loss of a peak associated with tetrahedrally-coordinated Al species, no new spectral features were evident. Two model catalysts, suggested by these characterization data as possible mimics of the catalytic phase formed during hydrothermal aging of Cu/beta, were prepared and tested for their performance in the "standard" SCR and NH3 oxidation reactions. The similarity in their reactivity compared to the 2 hour hydrothermally-aged Cu/beta catalyst suggests possible routes for preparing multi-component catalysts that may have wider temperature windows for optimum performance than those provided by current Cu/zeolite catalysts.

Peden, Charles HF; Kwak, Ja Hun; Burton, Sarah D.; Tonkyn, Russell G.; Kim, Do Heui; Lee, Jong H.; Jen, H. W.; Cavattaio, Giovanni; Cheng, Yisun; Lambert, Christine

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

408

Seismic-fragility tests of new and accelerated-aged Class 1E battery cells  

SciTech Connect

The seismic-fragility response of naturally-aged nuclear station safety-related batteries is of interest for two reasons: (1) to determine actual failure modes and thresholds and (2) to determine the validity of using the electrical capacity of individual cells as an indicator of the potential survivability of a battery given a seismic event. Prior reports in this series discussed the seismic-fragility tests and results for three specific naturally-aged cell types: 12-year old NCX-2250, 10-year old LCU-13, and 10-year old FHC-19. This report focuses on the complementary approach, namely, the seismic-fragility response of accelerated-aged batteries. Of particular interest is the degree to which such approaches accurately reproduce the actual failure modes and thresholds. In these tests the significant aging effects observed, in terms of seismic survivability, were: embrittlement of cell cases, positive bus material and positive plate grids; and excessive sulphation of positive plate active material causing hardening and expansion of positive plates. The IEEE Standard 535 accelerated aging method successfully reproduced seismically significant aging effects in new cells but accelerated grid embrittlement an estimated five years beyond the conditional age of other components.

Bonzon, L.L.; Janis, W.J.; Black, D.A.; Paulsen, G.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology: Aging of Graphitic Cast Irons and Machinability  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this task was to determine whether ductile iron and compacted graphite iron exhibit age strengthening to a statistically significant extent. Further, this effort identified the mechanism by which gray iron age strengthens and the mechanism by which age-strengthening improves the machinability of gray cast iron. These results were then used to determine whether age strengthening improves the machinability of ductile iron and compacted graphite iron alloys in order to develop a predictive model of alloy factor effects on age strengthening. The results of this work will lead to reduced section sizes, and corresponding weight and energy savings. Improved machinability will reduce scrap and enhance casting marketability. Technical Conclusions: ���¢�������¢ Age strengthening was demonstrated to occur in gray iron ductile iron and compacted graphite iron. ���¢�������¢ Machinability was demonstrated to be improved by age strengthening when free ferrite was present in the microstructure, but not in a fully pearlitic microstructure. ���¢�������¢ Age strengthening only occurs when there is residual nitrogen in solid solution in the Ferrite, whether the ferrite is free ferrite or the ferrite lamellae within pearlite. ���¢�������¢ Age strengthening can be accelerated by Mn at about 0.5% in excess of the Mn/S balance Estimated energy savings over ten years is 13.05 trillion BTU, based primarily on yield improvement and size reduction of castings for equivalent service. Also it is estimated that the heavy truck end use of lighter castings for equivalent service requirement will result in a diesel fuel energy savings of 131 trillion BTU over ten years.

Von L. Richards

2012-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

410

Aging of nuclear station diesel generators: Evaluation of operating and expert experience: Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) evaluated operational and expert experience pertaining to the aging degradation of diesel generators in nuclear service. The research, sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), identified and characterized the contribution of aging to emergency diesel generator failures. This report, Volume II, reports the results of an industry-wide workshop held on May 28 and 29, 1986, to discuss the technical issues associated with aging of nuclear service emergency diesel generators. The technical issues discussed most extensively were: man/machine interfaces, component interfaces, thermal gradients of startup and cooldown and the need for an accurate industry database for trend analysis of the diesel generator system.

Hoopingarner, K.R.; Vause, J.W.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

DEUTERIUM, TRITIUM, AND HELIUM DESORPTION FROM AGED TITANIUM TRITIDES. PART I.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Six new samples of tritium-aged bulk titanium have been examined by thermal desorption and isotope exchange chemistry. The discovery of a lower temperature hydrogen desorption state in these materials, previously reported, has been confirmed in one of the new samples. The helium release of the samples shows the more severe effects obtained from longer aging periods, i.e. higher initial He/M ratios. Several of the more aged samples were spontaneously releasing helium. Part I will discuss the new results on the new lower temperature hydrogen desorption state found in one more extensively studied sample. Part II will discuss the hydrogen/helium release behavior of the remaining samples.

Shanahan, K; Jeffrey Holder, J

2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

412

Report on thermal aging effects on tensile properties of ferritic-martensitic steels.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an update on the evaluation of thermal-aging induced degradation of tensile properties of advanced ferritic-martensitic steels. The report is the first deliverable (level 3) in FY11 (M3A11AN04030103), under the Work Package A-11AN040301, 'Advanced Alloy Testing' performed by Argonne National Laboratory, as part of Advanced Structural Materials Program for the Advanced Reactor Concepts. This work package supports the advanced structural materials development by providing tensile data on aged alloys and a mechanistic model, validated by experiments, with a predictive capability on long-term performance. The scope of work is to evaluate the effect of thermal aging on the tensile properties of advanced alloys such as ferritic-martensitic steels, mod.9Cr-1Mo, NF616, and advanced austenitic stainless steel, HT-UPS. The aging experiments have been conducted over a temperature of 550-750 C for various time periods to simulate the microstructural changes in the alloys as a function of time at temperature. In addition, a mechanistic model based on thermodynamics and kinetics has been used to address the changes in microstructure of the alloys as a function of time and temperature, which is developed in the companion work package at ANL. The focus of this project is advanced alloy testing and understanding the effects of long-term thermal aging on the tensile properties. Advanced materials examined in this project include ferritic-martensitic steels mod.9Cr-1Mo and NF616, and austenitic steel, HT-UPS. The report summarizes the tensile testing results of thermally-aged mod.9Cr-1Mo, NF616 H1 and NF616 H2 ferritic-martensitic steels. NF616 H1 and NF616 H2 experienced different thermal-mechanical treatments before thermal aging experiments. NF616 H1 was normalized and tempered, and NF616 H2 was normalized and tempered and cold-rolled. By examining these two heats, we evaluated the effects of thermal-mechanical treatments on material microstructures and associated mechanical properties during long-term aging at elevated temperatures. Thermal aging experiments at different temperatures and periods of time have been completed: 550 C for up to 5000 h, 600 C for up to 7500 h, and 650 C for more than 10,000 h. Tensile properties were measured on thermally aged specimens and aging effect on tensile behavior was assessed. Effects of thermal aging on deformation and failure mechanisms were investigated by using in-situ straining technique with simultaneous synchrotron XRD measurements.

Li, M.; Soppet, W.K.; Rink, D.L.; Listwan, J.T.; Natesan, K. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

413

DEUTERIUM, TRITIUM, AND HELIUM DESORPTION FROM AGED TITANIUM TRITIDES. PART II.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Six new samples of tritium-aged bulk titanium have been examined by thermal desorption and isotope exchange chemistry. The discovery of a lower temperature hydrogen desorption state in these materials, previously reported, has been confirmed in one of the new samples. The helium release of the samples shows the more severe effects obtained from longer aging periods, i.e. higher initial He/M ratios. Several of the more aged samples were spontaneously releasing helium. Part I discussed the new results on the new lower temperature hydrogen desorption state found in one more extensively studied sample. Part II will discuss the hydrogen/helium release behavior of the remaining samples.

Shanahan, K; Jeffrey Holder, J

2006-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

414

Surface enhanced Raman scattering of aged graphene: Effects of annealing in vacuum  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we report a simple method to recover the surface enhanced Raman scattering activity of aged graphene. The Raman signals of Rhodamine molecules absorbed on aged graphene are dramatically increased after vacuum annealing and comparable to those on fresh graphene. Atomic force microscopy measurements indicate that residues on aged graphene surface can efficiently be removed by vacuum annealing, which makes target molecule closely contact with graphene. We also find that the hole doping in graphene will facilitate charge transfer between graphene and molecule. These results confirm the strong Raman enhancement of target molecule absorbed on graphene is due to the charge transfer mechanism.

Wang Yingying; Li Aizhi; Qu Shiliang [Department of Optoelectronic Science, Harbin Institute of Technology at Weihai, Weihai 264209 (China); Ni Zhenhua; Zafar, Zainab; Qiu Teng [Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Zhang Yan; Ni Zhonghua [Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Design and Fabrication of Micro-Nano Biomedical Instruments, School of Mechanical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China); Yu Ting; Shen Zexiang [Division of Physics and Applied Physics, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 21 Nanyang Link, Singapore 637371 (Singapore)

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

415

Influence of delay step conditions between quenching and aging on the precipitation mechanisms in the alloy AlZnMg AA7028 aging process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among precipitation-hardened alloys, the Al-Zn-Mg system includes the aluminium alloys with higher-strength. The relatively high solubility of Zn and Mg in aluminium makes it possible to produce a high density of precipitates, which results in a higher strength increase. AlZnMg low copper or copper free alloys have the advantage of being easily weldable and, moreover, they harden significantly at room temperature with respect to other weldable aluminium alloys. Due to the remarkable degree of natural aging achieved by AA7000 alloys, the time interval at room temperature between quenching and the beginning of the artificial aging treatment is a variable that must be taken into account. This work was undertaken to evaluate the influence of cooling kinetics at quenching on alloy mechanical characteristics in artificial aging at several temperatures T{sub 2}. The effect of variables that define delays after quenching, basically time t{sub 1} and temperature T{sub 1} was also analyzed. Likewise, this work studies microstructural evolution of material exposed to aging treatments, resulting from the combination of the above mentioned variables.

Calatayud, A. [Univ. de Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete (Spain). Ciencia de los Materiales] [Univ. de Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete (Spain). Ciencia de los Materiales; Ferrer, C.; Amigo, V.; Salvador, M.D. [Univ. Politecnica de Valencia (Spain). Ingenieria Mecanica y de los Materiales] [Univ. Politecnica de Valencia (Spain). Ingenieria Mecanica y de los Materiales

1997-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Mapping local hippocampal changes in Alzheimer's disease and normal ageing with MRI at 3 Tesla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mapping local hippocampal changes in Alzheimer's disease and normal ageing with MRI at 3 Tesla and Alzheimer's disease based on high resolution MRI at 3 Tesla. T1-weighted images were acquired from 19

Thompson, Paul

417

Ancient Glass in the Nuclear Age - Denis Strachan and Joseph Ryan |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ancient Glass in the Nuclear Age - Denis Strachan and Joseph Ryan Ancient Glass in the Nuclear Age - Denis Strachan and Joseph Ryan Ancient Glass in the Nuclear Age - Denis Strachan and Joseph Ryan August 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Ancient Glass in the Nuclear Age - Denis Strachan and Joseph Ryan PNNL scientists are studying pieces of ancient Roman glass from 1,800-year-old shipwrecks and ruins to assist today's efforts to safely store nuclear waste. One way to store nuclear waste safely is to turn it into durable glass through a process called vitrification. At PNNL, Denis Strachan, Joseph Ryan and others are helping explore how such a glass can withstand the test of time if stored in repositories deep underground. Glass dissolves so slowly that it's difficult to understand changes that might happen over thousands or a million years. Researchers want samples of old glass against

418

Physical Aging Effects of the Compressive Linear Viscoelastic Creep of IM7/K3B Composite  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An experimental study was undertaken to establish the viscoelastic behavior of IM7/K3B composite in compression at elevated temperature. Creep compliance, strain recovery and the effects of physical aging on the time dependent response was measured for ...

Veazie D. R.; Gates T. S.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

ARAACtional exuberance : lessons and prospects for age-restricted active adult housing development in Massachusetts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last fifteen years, Massachusetts and neighboring states have experienced explosive growth in a hitherto alien form of residential development to the region: the age-restricted active adult retirement community ...

Dawson, Sloan William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Towards a post-industrial architecture : design and construction of houses for the information age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design and construction of modern residential architecture, which came into critical focus by architects of the Machine Age, continues to be a priority in the architectural discourse. For Modern architects, the desire ...

Demchak, Gregory L. (Gregory Leonard), 1974-

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Environmental Pollution (Series B) 2 (1981) 2135 AGE-SPECIFIC LEAD DISTRIBUTION IN XYLEM RINGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Pollution (Series B) 2 (1981) 21­35 AGE-SPECIFIC LEAD DISTRIBUTION IN XYLEM RINGS or in constructing pollution histories for lead near smelters, coal-burning steam plants, and roadside ecosystems

Baes, Fred

422

Micro-algae come of age as a platform for recombinant protein production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. 2008), chlorophyta alga Ulva pertusa Table 1 Recentprotein production in algae Expression level achieved010-0326-5 REVIEW Micro-algae come of age as a platform for

Specht, Elizabeth; Miyake-Stoner, Shigeki; Mayfield, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Organic chemical aging mechanisms: An annotated bibliography. Waste Tank Safety Program  

SciTech Connect

An annotated bibliography has been compiled of the potential chemical and radiological aging mechanisms of the organic constituents (non-ferrocyanide) that would likely be found in the UST at Hanford. The majority of the work that has been conducted on the aging of organic chemicals used for extraction and processing of nuclear materials has been in conjunction with the acid or PUREX type processes. At Hanford the waste being stored in the UST has been stabilized with caustic. The aging factors that were used in this work were radiolysis, hydrolysis and nitrite/nitrate oxidation. The purpose of this work was two-fold: to determine whether or not research had been or is currently being conducted on the species associated with the Hanford UST waste, either as a mixture or as individual chemicals or chemical functionalities, and to determine what areas of chemical aging need to be addressed by further research.

Samuels, W.D.; Camaioni, D.M.; Nelson, D.A.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Meta-analysis of age and job performance relation: Is job complexity a moderator?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I conducted a meta-analysis of 121 samples (N = 18,694) that examined the relation between age and job performance with job complexity as a moderator.… (more)

Hardigree, Anna E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Interacting model of new agegraphic dark energy: observational constraints and age problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many dark energy models fail to pass the cosmic age test because of the old quasar APM 08279+5255 at redshift $z=3.91$, the $\\Lambda$CDM model and holographic dark energy models being no exception. In this paper, we focus on the topic of age problem in the new agegraphic dark energy (NADE) model. We determine the age of the universe in the NADE model by fitting the observational data, including type Ia supernovae (SNIa), baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and the cosmic microwave background (CMB). We find that the NADE model also faces the challenge of the age problem caused by the old quasar APM 08279+5255. In order to overcome such a difficulty, we consider the possible interaction between dark energy and dark matter. We show that this quasar can be successfully accommodated in the interacting new agegraphic dark energy (INADE) model at the $2\\sigma$ level under the current observational constraints.

Yun-He Li; Jing-Zhe Ma; Jing-Lei Cui; Zhuo Wang; Xin Zhang

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

426

Analysis of Density Changes in Plutonium Observed from Accelerated Aging Using Pu-238 Enrichment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present dimensional and density changes in an aging plutonium alloy enriched with 7.3 at.% of {sup 238}Pu and reference alloys of various ages. After 45 equivalent years of aging, the enriched alloys at 35 C have swelled in volume by 0.14 to 0.16% and now exhibit a near linear volume increase, without void swelling. Based on X-ray diffraction measurements, the lattice expansion by self-irradiation appears to be the primary cause for dimensional changes during the initial 2-3 years of aging. Following the initial transient, the density change is primarily cause by a constant helium in-growth rate as a result of {alpha}-particle decay.

Chung, B W; Saw, C K; Thompson, S R; Quick, T M; Woods, C H; Hopkins, D J; Ebbinghaus, B B

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

427

Aging in place: design issues for the elderly with a focus on retrofitting bathrooms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the median age rises nationwide Americans are confronted with serious issues of housing and healthcare for the disabled and elderly in this century. In the midst of this problem are the disabled and older Americans with aging related serious chronic illnesses. Included are culturally diverse adults that have very limited incomes, and speak little or no English. Often they reside in small rundown hotel rooms, or in poorly accessible residences. Despite the need, few long-term care resources are available. This research finds that for many, independently aging in place is a preferred solution. For others, the solution to housing and healthcare falls to the family, or government. The architectural design guidelines of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)--that address mobility barriers--are a step in the right direction, but the ADA is only the beginning. Pressures of old age security continue.

Cruz, Elias Tony

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Conversion of residential neighborhoods into affordable assisted age-in-place communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to develop a new senior housing and service product for the aging population of the next decade. The thesis starts with an overview of the senior housing industry in its current condition in ...

Getz Schoen, Yael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Building a national technology and innovation infrastructure for an aging society  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on the potential of strategic technology innovation and implementation in sustaining an aging society, and examines the need for a comprehensive national technology and innovation infrastructure in the ...

Lau, Jasmin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

A Phase Field Study on Static Strain Aging Kinetics of Dual Phase ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the current study, we found that the time scale for strain aging of a dual-phase linepipe steel is several orders of magnitude longer than that needed for ...

431

E2: Aging Behavior and Microstructure Observation of MgB2/ Al-1.0 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, aging behavior of MgB2 particle dispersed Al-1mass%Mg2Si alloy composite material which including 4, 8 and 50 vol. % MgB2, was investigate by

432

Identification of new genes and pathways that act to delay C. elegans aging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging of an organism is determined by both stochastic and genetic components. The importance of genes is illustrated by the discovery of single gene mutations that alter lifespans of species ranging from invertebrates C. ...

Berdichevsky, Alina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Tradurre/Tradire: Translation as a Cause of Linguistic Change from Manuscripts to the Digital Age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

de l’Université de Montréal. McLaughlin, M. (2008a) ‘(In)Lecture Series MAIRI McLAUGHLIN The French Department TRthe Digital Age 1 MAIRI McLAUGHLIN The French Department A

McLaughlin, Mairi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

On the Age and Metallicity Estimation of Spiral Galaxies Using Optical and Near-IR Photometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In integrated-light, some color - color diagrams that use optical and near-infrared photometry show surprisingly orthogonal grids as age and metallicity are varied, and they are coming into common usage for estimating the average age and metallicity of spiral galaxies. In this paper we reconstruct these composite grids using simple stellar population models from several groups convolved with exponentially decaying star formation histories. We find that the youngest populations present (t light, and because of their presence the age-metallicity degeneracy can be partially broken with broad-band colors, unlike older populations. There are several major problems, however. First, since the young populations dominate, it is the (nearly) present-day abundance that is being measured, not the mass-weighted abundance, despite the fact that the grids are usually labeled by mass-weighted ages. Second, there is large scatter among the various models, with substantial zero point and slope offsets ...

Lee, H; Trager, S C; Faber, S M; Lee, Hyun-chul; Worthey, Guy; Trager, Scott C.; Faber, Sandra M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

On the Age and Metallicity Estimation of Spiral Galaxies Using Optical and Near-Infrared Photometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In integrated-light, some color - color diagrams that use optical and near-infrared photometry show surprisingly orthogonal grids as age and metallicity are varied, and they are coming into common usage for estimating the average age and metallicity of spiral galaxies. In this paper we reconstruct these composite grids using simple stellar population models from several groups convolved with exponentially decaying star formation histories. We find that the youngest populations present (t light, and because of their presence the age-metallicity degeneracy can be partially broken with broad-band colors, unlike older populations. There are several major problems, however. First, since the young populations dominate, it is the (nearly) present-day abundance that is being measured, not the mass-weighted abundance, despite the fact that the grids are usually labeled by mass-weighted ages. Second, there is large scatter among the various models, with substantial zero point and slope offsets ...

Lee, H; Trager, S C; Faber, S M; Lee, Hyun-chul; Worthey, Guy; Trager, Scott C.; Faber, Sandra M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Mechanical properties of cables exposed to simultaneous thermal and radiation aging  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories is conducting long-term aging research on representative samples of nuclear power plant Class 1E cables. The objectives of this program are to determine the suitability of these cables for extended life (beyond the 40-year design basis) and to assess various cable condition monitoring (CM) techniques for predicting remaining cable life. This paper provides the results of mechanical measurements that were performed on cable specimens cross-linked polyethylene neoprene jackets: chlorinated polyethylene jackets, fiberglass braid jackets, and chlorosulfonated polyethylene jackets aged at relatively mild, simultaneous thermal and radiation exposure conditions for periods of up to nine months. After aging, some of the aged samples, as well as some unaged samples, were exposed to accident gamma radiation at ambient temperature. The mechanical measurements discussed in this paper include tensile strength, ultimate elongation, and compressive modulus. 10 refs., 22 figs., 2 tabs.

Jacobus, M.J. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Fuehrer, G.F. (Science and Engineering Associates, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Efficacy, national/international practices and motivational factors of lifelong driver education for the aging population  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a society facing a significant increase in its aging population, older driver education/training is emerging as a potential solution to help seniors drive more safely, thus maintaining their mobility and quality of life. ...

Israels, Richard (Richard Steven)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

On Detection of a Wave Age Dependency for the Sea Surface Roughness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wave age dependency of the nondimensional sea surface roughness (also called the Charnock parameter) is investigated with data from the new field measurement program at Rødsand in the Danish Baltic Sea. An increasing Charnock parameter with ...

B. Lange; H. K. Johnson; S. Larsen; J. Højstrup; H. Kofoed-Hansen; M. J. Yelland

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Dynamically and Observationally Constrained Estimates of Water-Mass Distributions and Ages in the Global Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A data-constrained ocean circulation model is used to characterize the distribution of water masses and their ages in the global ocean. The model is constrained by the time-averaged temperature, salinity, and radiocarbon distributions in the ocean,...

Tim DeVries; François Primeau

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Effects of melatonin and age on gene expression in mouseCNS using microarray analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gene contains an activation site for NF-kB (Cowland et al. ,and levels of activated NF-kB increase in murine cortex withThus, increased levels of NF-kB activation in the aged brain

Bondy, Stephen Bondy C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "units age age" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Multi-parametric numerical simulation of age-specific cancer rates in human populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CancerFit computer program allows cancer researchers to analyze epidemiologic data describing the age-specific risk of cancer in terms of hypotheses about historical environmental risks, the heritability of cancer, the ...

Kogel, John, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Characterisation of lightly oxidised organic aerosol formed from the photochemical aging of diesel exhaust particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The oxidative aging of the semivolatile fraction of diesel exhaust aerosol is studied in order to better understand the influence of oxidation reactions on particle chemical composition. Exhaust is sampled from an idling ...

Kroll, Jesse

443

In Situ Chemical Characterization of Aged Biomass-Burning Aerosols Impacting Cold Wave Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the Ice in Clouds Experiment–Layer Clouds (ICE-L), aged biomass-burning particles were identified within two orographic wave cloud regions over Wyoming using single-particle mass spectrometry and electron microscopy. Using a suite of ...

Kerri A. Pratt; Andrew J. Heymsfield; Cynthia H. Twohy; Shane M. Murphy; Paul J. DeMott; James G. Hudson; R. Subramanian; Zhien Wang; John H. Seinfeld; Kimberly A. Prather

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Summary and Evaluation of NRC-Sponsored Stellite 6 Aging and Friction Tests  

SciTech Connect

This report describes four sets of tests sponsored by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and conducted by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. The tests support research addressing the need to provide assurance that motor-operated valves are able to perform their intended safety function, usually to open or close against specified (design basis) flow and pressure loads. One of the parameters that affects a gate valve's operability is the friction between the disc seats and the valve body seats. In most gate valves, these surfaces are hardfaced with Stellite 6, a cobalt-based alloy. The tests described in this report investigate the changes that occur in the friction as the Stellite 6 surfaces develop an oxide film as they age. Stellite 6 specimens were aged in a corrosion autoclave, the oxide films were examined and characterized, and the specimens were subjected to friction testing in a friction autoclave. A very thin oxide film formed after only a fe w days of natural aging. Even a very thin oxide film caused an increase in friction. The surface structure of the oxide film was dominated by a hard crystalline structure, such that the friction response was analogous to rubbing two pieces of sandpaper together. In the limited data provided by naturally aged specimens (78 days maximum exposure, very thin oxide films), the friction increased with greater aging time, approaching an as-yet-undetermined plateau. Although the thickness of the oxide film increased with greater aging time, the mechanical properties of the oxide film (larger granules with greater aging time) appeared to play a greater role in the friction response. Friction testing of specimens subjected to simulated in-service testing strokes at intervals during the aging process showed only a slight decrease in friction, compared to other specimens. Results from specimens subjected to accelerated aging were inconclusive, because of differences in the structure and comp osition of the oxide films, compared to naturally aged specimens. For the naturally aged specimens, the highest friction occurred on the first stroke. The first stroke smeared the oxide film and dislodged some of the granules, so that subsequent strokes saw lower friction values and less variation in the friction. This result underscores the importance of planning in-plant tests so that data are collected from the first stroke following a period of inactivity.

J. C. Watkins; K. G. DeWall; D. Bramwell

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

MitoInteractome: Mitochondrial protein interactome database, and its application in 'aging network' analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

circumstances. E1 is ATP dependent DNA helicase required for initiation of viral DNA replication and are involved in almost all aspect of nucleic acid metabolism including replication, repair, recombination, transcription, translation and ribosome biogenesis... . Defects in helicase gene have been reported to be responsible for variety of human genetic disorders which can lead to cancer, premature Figure 7 'Aging network' visualized using Cytoscape. The graphical view of the 'aging network' where proteins...

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

Nondestructive Evaluation: Plant Aging/License Renewal Nondestructive Examination Gap Solutions and Strategies, Vol. 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides strategic direction to the development of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technology and programs for the management of aging nuclear power plants and plant license renewal. Section 2 provides project proposal descriptions developed by staff of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to address issues identified by the Aging Plant NDE Working Group. Section 3 is a summary of support provided to the License Renewal Integration Working Group on NDE related to license renewal. Sect...

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

447

Quench-age method for the fabrication of niobium-aluminum superconductors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flexible Nb.sub.3 Al superconducting wire is fabricated from a niobium-aluminum composite wire by heating to form a solid solution which is retained at room temperature as a metastable solid solution by quenching. The metastable solid solution is then transformed to the stable superconducting A-15 phase by low temperature aging. The transformation induced by aging can be controlled to yield either a multifilamentary or a solid A-15 core surrounded by ductile niobium.

Pickus, Milton R. (Oakland, CA); Ciardella, Robert L. (Cardiff, CA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Autonomous Optical Sensor System for the Monitoring of Nitrogen Dioxide from Aging Rocket Propellant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An optical sensor system has been developed for the autonomous monitoring of NO{sub 2} evolution in energetic material aging studies. The system is minimally invasive, requiring only the presence of a small sensor film within the aging chamber. The sensor material is a perylene/PMMA film that is excited by a blue LED light source and the fluorescence detected with a CCD spectrometer. Detection of NO{sub 2} gas is done remotely through the glass window of the aging chamber. Irreversible reaction of NO{sub 2} with perylene, producing the non-fluorescent nitroperylene, provides the optical sensing scheme. The rate of fluorescence intensity loss over time can be modeled using a numerical solution to the coupled diffusion and a nonlinear chemical reaction problem to evaluate NO{sub 2} concentration levels. The light source, spectrometer, spectral acquisition, and data processing were controlled through a Labivew program run by a laptop PC. Due to the long times involved with materials aging studies the system was designed to turn on, warm up, acquire data, power itself off, then recycle at a specific time interval. This allowed the monitoring of aging HE material over the period of several weeks with minimal power consumption and stable LED light output. Despite inherent problems with gas leakage of the aging chamber they were able to test the sensor system in the field under an accelerated aging study of rocket propellant. They found that the propellant evolved NO{sub 2} at a rate that yielded a concentration of between 10 and 100 ppm. The sensor system further revealed that the propellant, over an aging period of 25 days, evolves NO{sub 2} with cyclic behavior between active and dormant periods.

COX, TRISHA D.; SINGH, SEEMA; HUNTER, JOHN A.; JONES, GARY D.; SINCLAIR, MICHAEL B.; ROHWER, LAUREN E. S.; POHL, PHILLIP I.; ANDRZEJEWSKI, WILLIAM; SASAKI, DARRYL Y.

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

PRE-SW Aging Chamber Report Tool (ACRT) Version 6.0, Beta  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 230kV Accelerated Aging Chamber is a multi-year test of more than 50 polymer and fiberglass components.  Photographic inspections occur twice a year.  Thousands of photographs accumulate making conventional reports difficult to read.  This reporting tool enables the reader to jump from component to component and inspection to inspection.  The reader can easily compare components at different levels of aging.  This tool will make reviewing the important results of this ...

2013-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

450

Delta ferrite-containing austenitic stainless steel resistant to the formation of undesirable phases upon aging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Austenitic stainless steel alloys containing delta ferrite, such as are used as weld deposits, are protected against the transformation of delta ferrite to sigma phase during aging by the presence of carbon plus nitrogen in a weight percent 0.015-0.030 times the volume percent ferrite present in the alloy. The formation of chi phase upon aging is controlled by controlling the Mo content.

Leitnaker, James M. (Kingston, TN)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Aging Management Guidelines for Commercial Nuclear Power Plants -- Electrical and Mechanical Penetrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the application process for license renewal, nuclear utilities must perform an evaluation to confirm that they have appropriately considered aging effects on plant components within the scope of the License Renewal Rule. This report provides guidelines for managing relevant degradation mechanisms applicable to electrical and mechanical penetrations in nuclear power plants. Use of these guidelines will provide utilities with a basis for verifying that effective methods for managing age-related ...

2002-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

452

Optimal Control of Markov Processes with Age-Dependent Transition Rates  

SciTech Connect

We study optimal control of Markov processes with age-dependent transition rates. The control policy is chosen continuously over time based on the state of the process and its age. We study infinite horizon discounted cost and infinite horizon average cost problems. Our approach is via the construction of an equivalent semi-Markov decision process. We characterise the value function and optimal controls for both discounted and average cost cases.

Ghosh, Mrinal K., E-mail: mkg@math.iisc.ernet.in; Saha, Subhamay, E-mail: subhamay@math.iisc.ernet.in [Indian Institute of Science, Department of Mathematics (India)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Powertrain Component Inspection from Mid-Level Blends Vehicle Aging Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 calls on the nation to significantly increase its use of renewable fuels to meet its transportation energy needs. The law expands the renewable fuel standard to require use of 36 billion gallons of renewable fuel by 2022. Given that ethanol is the most widely used renewable fuel in the U.S. market, ethanol will likely make up a significant portion of the 36-billion-gallon requirement. The vast majority of ethanol used in the United States is blended with gasoline to create E10-gasoline with up to 10% ethanol. The remaining ethanol is sold in the form of E85 - a gasoline blend with as much as 85% ethanol that can only be used in flexible-fuel vehicles (FFVs). Consumption of E85 is at present limited by both the size of the FFV fleet and the number of E85 fueling stations. Gasoline consumption in the United States is currently about 140 billion gallons per year; thus the maximum use of ethanol as E10 is only about 14 billion gallons. While the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) remains committed to expanding the E85 infrastructure, that market represented less than 1% of the ethanol consumed in 2010 and will not be able to absorb projected volumes of ethanol in the near term. Because of these factors, DOE and others have been assessing the viability of using mid-level ethanol blends (E15 or E20) as a way to accommodate growing volumes of ethanol. The DOE Mid-Level Ethanol Blends Test Program has been under way since 2007, supported jointly by the Office of the Biomass Program and the Vehicle Technologies Program. One of the larger projects, the Catalyst Durability Study, or Vehicle Aging Study, will be completed early in calendar year 2011. The following report describes a subproject of the Vehicle Aging Study in which powertrain components from 18 of the vehicles were examined at Southwest Research Institute under contract to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL).

Shoffner, Brent [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio; Johnson, Ryan [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio; Heimrich, Martin J. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio; Lochte, Michael [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Ageing under oscillatory stress: Role of energy barrier distribution in thixotropic materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work the ageing dynamics of soft solids of aqueous suspension of laponite has been investigated under the oscillatory stress field. We observed that at small stresses elastic and viscous moduli showed a steady rise with the elastic modulus increasing at a faster rate than the viscous modulus. However at higher stresses both the moduli underwent a sudden rise by several orders of magnitude with the onset of rise getting shifted to a higher age for a larger shear stress. We believe that the observed behavior is due to interaction of barrier height distribution of the potential energy wells in which the particle is trapped and strain induced potential energy enhancement of the particles. Strain induced in the material causes yielding of the particles that are trapped in the shallower wells. Those trapped in the deeper wells continue to age enhancing the cage diffusion timescale and thereby the viscosity which lowers the magnitude of strain allowing more particles to age. This coupled dependence of strain, viscosity and ageing causes forward feedback for a given magnitude of stress leading to sudden rise in both the moduli. Changing the microstructure of the laponite suspension by adding salt affected the barrier heights distribution that showed a profound influence on the ageing behavior. Interestingly, this study suggests a possibility that any apparently yielded material with negligible elastic modulus, may get jammed at a very large waiting time.

Asheesh Shukla; Yogesh M. Joshi

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

455

Physical aging and relaxation of residual stresses in a colloidal glass following flow cessation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dilute Laponite suspensions in water at low salt concentration form repulsive colloidal glasses which display physical aging. This phenomenon is still not completely understood and in particular, little is known about the connection between the flow history, as a determinant of the initial state of the system, and the subsequent aging dynamics. Using a stress controlled rheometer, we perform stress jump experiments to observe the elastic component of the flow stress that remains on cessation of flow or flow quenching. We investigate the connection between the dynamics of these residual stresses and the rate of physical aging upon quenching from different points on the steady state flow curve. Quenching from high rates produces a fluid state, G">G', with small, fast relaxing residual stresses and rapid, sigmoidal aging of the complex modulus. Conversely, quenching from lower shear rates produces increasingly jammed states featuring slowly relaxing stresses and a slow increase of the complex modulus with system age. Flow cessation from a fixed shear rate with varying quench durations shows that slower quenches produce smaller residual stresses at short times which relax at long times by smaller extents, by comparison with faster quenches. These smaller stresses are correlated with a higher modulus but slower physical aging of the system. The characteristic time for the residual stress relaxation scales inversely with the quench rate. This implies a frustrated approach to any ideal stress-free state that succinctly reflects the frustrated nature of these glassy systems.

Ajay Singh Negi; Chinedum O. Osuji

2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

456

Irreversible Aging Dynamics and Generic Phase Behavior of Aqueous Suspensions of Laponite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we study the aging behavior of aqueous suspension of Laponite having 2.8 weight % concentration using rheological tools. At various salt concentration all the samples demonstrate orientational order when observed using crossed polarizers. In rheological experiments we observe inherent irreversibility in the aging dynamics which forces the system not to rejuvenate to the same state in the shear melting experiment carried out at a later date since preparation. The extensive rheological experiments carried out as a function of time elapsed since preparation demonstrate the self similar trend in the aging behavior irrespective of the concentration of salt. We observe that the exploration of the low energy states as a function of aging time is only kinetically affected by the presence of salt. We estimate that the energy barrier to attain the low energy states decreases linearly with increase in the concentration of salt. The observed superposition of all the elapsed time and the salt concentration dependent data suggests that the aging that occurs in low salt concentration systems over a very long period is qualitatively similar to the aging behavior observed in systems with high salt concentration over a shorter period.

A. Shahin; Yogesh M. Joshi

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

457

230Th-234U Model-Ages of Some Uranium Standard Reference Materials  

SciTech Connect

The 'age' of a sample of uranium is an important aspect of a nuclear forensic investigation and of the attribution of the material to its source. To the extent that the sample obeys the standard rules of radiochronometry, then the production ages of even very recent material can be determined using the {sup 230}Th-{sup 234}U chronometer. These standard rules may be summarized as (a) the daughter/parent ratio at time=zero must be known, and (b) there has been no daughter/parent fractionation since production. For most samples of uranium, the 'ages' determined using this chronometer are semantically 'model-ages' because (a) some assumption of the initial {sup 230}Th content in the sample is required and (b) closed-system behavior is assumed. The uranium standard reference materials originally prepared and distributed by the former US National Bureau of Standards and now distributed by New Brunswick Laboratory as certified reference materials (NBS SRM = NBL CRM) are good candidates for samples where both rules are met. The U isotopic standards have known purification and production dates, and closed-system behavior in the solid form (U{sub 3}O{sub 8}) may be assumed with confidence. We present here {sup 230}Th-{sup 234}U model-ages for several of these standards, determined by isotope dilution mass spectrometry using a multicollector ICP-MS, and compare these ages with their known production history.

Williams, R W; Gaffney, A M; Kristo, M J; Hutcheon, I D

2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

458

Influence of Thermal Aging on the Mechanical and Corrosion Properties of C-22 Alloy Welds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The phase stability of C-22 alloy (UNS No. N06022) gas tungsten arc welds was studied by aging samples at 427, 482, 538, 593, 649, 704, and 760 C for times up to 40,000 hours. The tensile properties and the Charpy impact toughness of these samples were measured in the as-welded condition as well as after aging. The corrosion resistance was measured using standard immersion tests in acidic ferric sulfate (ASTM G 28 A) and 2.5% hydrochloric acid solutions at the boiling point. The microstructures of weld samples were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). One weld sample (aged 40,000 hours at 427 C) was examined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The structure of the unaged welds was dendritic with tetrahedrally close-packed (TCP) phase particles in the interdendritic regions. Long-range order was seen in the weld aged at 427 C for 40,000 hours and was assumed to also occur in other welds aged below approximately 600 C. At temperatures above about 600 C, TCP phase nucleation and growth of existing particles occurred. This precipitation occurred near the original particles presumably in regions of the highest molybdenum (Mo) segregation. Lower temperatures had little or no effect on the morphology of TCP phases. The C-22 weld samples were approximately 25% stronger but 30-40% less ductile than the base metal. Strengthening of the weld during aging occurred significantly only at 593 C for the aging times investigated. Because strengthening was not seen at higher temperatures, it was assumed to be due to ordering which has been seen in C-22 base metal at this temperature. A small amount of strengthening was seen at 427 C after 40,000 hours where ordering was just beginning. The Charpy impact toughness was reduced dramatically with aging. The time at which this reduction occurred decreased as aging temperature increased suggesting that the reduced ductility is due to the presence and growth of the brittle TCP phases. The corrosion rate of weld samples tested in the standard ASTM G 28 A solution and in a 2.5% HCl solution was higher than was seen with C-22 base metal. After aging, however, the corrosion rate of weld and base metal samples became comparable.

Edgecumbe Summers, T.S.; Rebak, R.B.; Seeley, R.R.

2000-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

459

Exercise training regulation of extracellular matrix and remodeling in the aging rat heart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging is characterized by a progressive impairment of cardiac structure and function. The cardiac remodeling involves loss of cardiac myocytes, reactive hypertrophy of the remaining cells, and increased extracellular matrix (ECM) and fibrosis in the aging heart. In contrast, exercise training not only improves cardiac function, but also reduces the risk of heart disease. However, the ability of exercise training to modulate ECM and remodeling in the aging heart remains unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effects of exercise training on ECM remodeling in the aging heart. We hypothesized that (1) exercise training would attenuate age-related changes in left ventricle morphology including extramyocyte space and collagen contents, and (2) exercise training would ameliorate age-induced changes in ECM-related factors including MMPs, TIMPs, TNF-?, TGF-?1, and ?-SMA in the heart. Three and 31 month old Fischer 344 × Brown Norway F1 hybrid rats were assigned to four groups: young sedentary (YS), young exercise-trained (YE), old sedentary (OS), and old exercise-trained (OE). Exercise training groups walked briskly on a treadmill for 45 min/day (12° incline) at 20m/min (young) or 10 m/min (old), 5 d/wk for 12 wk. We found that endurance exercise training might ameliorate the ageinduced increase in extramyocyte space and collagen contents of the left ventricle. Exercise training might protect against age-induced fibrosis by increasing MMP-2, MMP-14 in the soluble fraction and MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-14 in the insoluble fraction of old rat hearts. Conversely, exercise training might reduce the fibrosis by decreasing TIMP-1 in the soluble fraction of old rat hearts. Further, exercise training reduced potential upstream pro-fibrotic mediators including TNF-? and TGF-?1 in the aging rat hearts. These results are the first to demonstrate that exercise training has a protective effect against age-induced extracellular collagen matrix remodeling in the aging heart, associated with increased MMP-1, -2, -3, -14 and decreased TIMP-1, TNF-?, and TGF- ?1.

Kwak, Hyo Bum

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Constant power cycling for accelerated ageing of supercapacitors Kreczanik Paul, Martin Christian, Venet Pascal, Clerc Guy, Rojat Gerard, Zitouni Younes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Constant power cycling for accelerated ageing of supercapacitors Kreczanik Paul, Martin Christian the competitive pole (Lyon Urban Truck and Bus 2015). Keywords «Supercapacitor», «Power cycling», «Lifetime», «Accelerated ageing», «Ageing law» Abstract This paper deals with the lifetime of supercapacitors used

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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461

Enhanced fatigue and aging resistance using reactive powders in the optical fiber buffer coating V. V. Rondinella  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Enhanced fatigue and aging resistance using reactive powders in the optical fiber buffer coating V causes a dramatic improvement in the fatigue and aging resistance both in aqueous and in constant for the surface roughening that causes the fatigue knee and strength degradation during zero-stress aging

Matthewson, M. John

462

Effect of Pre-Aging on the Microstructure and Strength of Supersaturated AlZnMg Alloys Processed by ECAP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of Pre-Aging on the Microstructure and Strength of Supersaturated AlZnMg Alloys Processed langdon@usc.edu Keywords: Supersaturated AlZnMg alloys, natural aging, Guinier-Prestion zones, Equal on the effect of the combination of natural aging and severe plastic deformation (SPD) produced by Equal

Gubicza, Jenõ

463

Intergrated study of the Devonian-age black shales in eastern Ohio. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This integrated study of the Devonian-age shales in eastern Ohio by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological Survey is part of the Eastern Gas Shales Project sponsored by the US Department of Energy. The six areas of research included in the study are: (1) detailed stratigraphic mapping, (2) detailed structure mapping, (3) mineralogic and petrographic characterization, (4) geochemical characterization, (5) fracture trace and lineament analysis, and (6) a gas-show monitoring program. The data generated by the study provide a basis for assessing the most promising stratigraphic horizons for occurrences of natural gas within the Devonian shale sequence and the most favorable geographic areas of the state for natural gas exploration and should be useful in the planning and design of production-stimulation techniques. Four major radioactive units in the Devonian shale sequence are believed to be important source rocks and reservoir beds for natural gas. In order of potential for development as an unconventional gas resource, they are (1) lower and upper radioactive facies of the Huron Shale Member of the Ohio Shale, (2) upper Olentangy Shale (Rhinestreet facies equivalent), (3) Cleveland Shale Member of the Ohio Shale, and (4) lower Olentangy Shale (Marcellus facies equivalent). These primary exploration targets are recommended on the basis of areal distribution, net thickness of radioactive shale, shows of natural gas, and drilling depth to the radioactive unit. Fracture trends indicate prospective areas for Devonian shale reservoirs. Good geological prospects in the Devonian shales should be located where the fracture trends coincide with thick sequences of organic-rich highly radioactive shale.

Gray, J.D.; Struble, R.A.; Carlton, R.W.; Hodges, D.A.; Honeycutt, F.M.; Kingsbury, R.H.; Knapp, N.F.; Majchszak, F.L.; Stith, D.A.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Effects of aging and exercise training on structural and vasoconstrictor properties of skeletal muscle arterioles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging is associated with increases in regional and systemic vascular resistance and arterial blood pressure. One possible mechanism through which these age-associated alterations occur is enhanced vasoconstrictor responsiveness, or alterations in the structural properties of the resistance vasculature. We hypothesized that stiffness and vasoconstriction would be greater in skeletal muscle arterioles from old rats, and that endurance exercise training would ameliorate the associated with aging alterations. METHODS: Young sedentary (YS; 4 months), old sedentary (OS; 24 months), young trained (YT) and old trained (OT) male Fischer 344 rats were used. Training modality was treadmill exercise at 15 m/min up a 15o incline, 5 days/wk for 12wks. Skeletal muscle first-order arterioles were isolated for in vitro experimentation. Intraluminal diameter was measured in response to the cumulative addition of endothelin-1, norepinephrine, KCl, and isoproterenol. Stiffness was measure by examining the arterioles' stress and strain relation to increased luminal pressure in Ca++ free solution. RESULTS: Skeletal muscle arterioles had augmented vasoconstriction to endothelin-1 and norepinephrine. Adrenergic vasodilation was diminished in aged rat arterioles. Stiffness increased with age. Exercise training ameliorated the age-associated changes in stiffness and norepinephrine vasoconstriction. Exercise training did not alter endothelin-1 vasoconstriction or adrenergic vasodilation. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that enhanced vascular sensitivity to vasoconstrictors and increased arteriole stiffness may play a role in the increase in skeletal muscle and systemic vascular resistance and, thus, contribute to the elevated blood pressure which occurs in aging humans. These results also demonstrate some of the cardioprotective effects of exercise training.

Donato, Anthony John

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

AGE AND MASS FOR 920 LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD CLUSTERS DERIVED FROM 100 MILLION MONTE CARLO SIMULATIONS  

SciTech Connect

We present new age and mass estimates for 920 stellar clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) based on previously published broadband photometry and the stellar cluster analysis package, MASSCLEANage. Expressed in the generic fitting formula, d{sup 2} N/dMdt{proportional_to}M{sup {alpha}} t{sup {beta}}, the distribution of observed clusters is described by {alpha} = -1.5 to -1.6 and {beta} = -2.1 to -2.2. For 288 of these clusters, ages have recently been determined based on stellar photometric color-magnitude diagrams, allowing us to gauge the confidence of our ages. The results look very promising, opening up the possibility that this sample of 920 clusters, with reliable and consistent age, mass, and photometric measures, might be used to constrain important characteristics about the stellar cluster population in the LMC. We also investigate a traditional age determination method that uses a {chi}{sup 2} minimization routine to fit observed cluster colors to standard infinite-mass limit simple stellar population models. This reveals serious defects in the derived cluster age distribution using this method. The traditional {chi}{sup 2} minimization method, due to the variation of U, B, V, R colors, will always produce an overdensity of younger and older clusters, with an underdensity of clusters in the log (age/yr) = [7.0, 7.5] range. Finally, we present a unique simulation aimed at illustrating and constraining the fading limit in observed cluster distributions that includes the complex effects of stochastic variations in the observed properties of stellar clusters.

Popescu, Bogdan; Hanson, M. M. [Department of Physics, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210011, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0011 (United States); Elmegreen, Bruce G., E-mail: popescb@mail.uc.edu, E-mail: margaret.hanson@uc.edu, E-mail: bge@us.ibm.com [IBM Research Division, T. J. Watson Research Center, 1101 Kitchawan Road, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 (United States)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The Ages and Metallicities of Early Type Galaxies in the Fornax Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have measured central line strengths for a complete sample of early type galaxies in the Fornax cluster, comprising 11 elliptical and 11 lenticular galaxies, more luminous than M_B=-17. In contrast to the elliptical galaxies in the sample studied by Gonzalez (and recently revisited by Trager) we find that the Fornax ellipticals follow the locus of galaxies of fixed age in Worthey's models and have metallicities varying from roughly solar to three times solar. The lenticular galaxies however exhibit a substantial spread to younger luminosity weighted ages indicating a more extended star formation history. We present measurements of the more sensitive indices: C4668 and Hgamma_A; these confirm and re-enforce the conclusions that the elliptical galaxies are coeval and that only the lenticular galaxies show symptoms of late star-formation. The inferred difference in the age distribution between lenticular and elliptical galaxies is a robust conclusion as the models generate consistent relative ages using different age and metallicity indicators even though the absolute ages remain uncertain. The young luminosity weighted ages of the S0s in the Fornax cluster are consistent with the recent discovery that the fraction of S0 galaxies in intermediate redshift clusters is a factor of 2-3 lower than found locally and suggests that a fraction of the cluster spiral galaxy population has evolved to quiescence in the 5 Gyr interval from z=0.5 to the present. Two of the faintest lenticular galaxies in our sample have blue continua and strong Balmer-line absorption suggesting starbursts \\la2 Gyrs ago. These may be the low redshift analogues of the starburst or post-starburst galaxies seen in clusters at z=0.3, similar to the Hdelta strong galaxies in the Coma cluster.

Harald Kuntschner; Roger L. Davies

1997-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

467

Asian Age  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

suggested that geo-engineering could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmos- phere. A range of potential geo- engineering options avail- able for reducing carbon dioxide from atmosphere include artificial trees, algae-coated buildings... change group, Dr Tim Fox, said. Recommending use of algae to reduce carbon diox- ide, the institute said that algae naturally absorb car- bon dioxide through photo- synthesis. Strips of algae can be fitted to the outside of buildings and then peri...

Anon.

2009-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

468

Dry Versus Wet Aging of Beef: Retail Cutting Yields and Palatability Evaluations of Steaks Using Alternative Cutting Styles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boneless ribeye rolls (n = 12) and boneless top sirloin butts (n = 12) were obtained from heavy weight carcasses (mean = 407.8 kg), assigned to one of two aging treatments (dry or wet) and aged for 35 days at a commercial aging facility. Cutting tests were performed at the end of the aging period to determine retail yields. Subprimals were fabricated using the Beef Alternative Merchandising cutting styles, isolating four specific muscles: M. spinalis thoracis, M. longissimus thoracis, M. gluteobiceps, and M. gluteus medius. Retail cutting tests showed wet-aged subprimals had higher (P < 0.0001) total saleable yield percentages with decreased cooler shrink and gross cut loss percentages. This resulted in wet-aged ribeye rolls and top sirloin butts yielding 1.5 times and 1.3 times more saleable product than dry-aged counterparts, respectively. In order to determine palatability characteristics, consumer sensory evaluations and trained panel evaluations were preformed. Palatability related to aging and muscle type resulted in significant differences. From a consumer standpoint, aging treatment influenced OLIKE, FLAV, FLEVEL, and BEEFLIKE but only through the interaction of aging treatment x muscle. Clearly, consumers rated the wet-aged, M. spinalis thoracis highest in each of the previously stated attributes. Aging also affected JUIC, whereas muscle type had a significant (P < 0.0001) effect on FLVBF, TEND, LEVTEND, JUIC, and LEVJUIC. As far as trained sensory attributes were concerned, a more concrete flavor profile of aged beef was obtained. In addition, dry-aged steaks had greater (P < 0.0001) cooking yield percentages when compared to wet-aged steaks.

Smith, Amanda 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The Geneva-Copenhagen Survey of the Solar neighbourhood III. Improved distances, ages, and kinematics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ages, chemical compositions, velocity vectors, and Galactic orbits for stars in the solar neighbourhood are fundamental test data for models of Galactic evolution. We aim to improve the accuracy of the Geneva-Copenhagen Survey data by implementing the recent revision of the Hipparcos parallaxes. The new parallaxes yield improved astrometric distances for 12,506 stars in the GCS. We also check the GCS II scales of T_eff and [Fe/H] and find no need for change. Introducing the new distances, we recompute M_V for 16,086 stars, and U, V, W, and Galactic orbital parameters for the 13,520 stars that also have radial-velocity measurements. We also recompute stellar ages from the Padova stellar evolution models used in GCS I-II, using the new values of M_V, and compare them with ages from the Yale-Yonsei and Victoria-Regina models. Finally, we compare the observed age-velocity relation in W with three simulated disk heating scenarios to show the potential of the data. With these revisions, the basic data for the GCS stars should now be as reliable as is possible with existing techniques. Further improvement must await consolidation of the T_eff scale from angular diameters and fluxes, and the Gaia trigonometric parallaxes. We discuss the conditions for improving computed stellar ages from new input data, and for distinguishing different disk heating scenarios from data sets of the size and precision of the GCS.

J. Holmberg; B. Nordström; J. Andersen

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

470

Physical aging studied by a device allowing for rapid thermal equilibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging to the equilibrium liquid state of organic glasses is studied. The glasses were prepared by cooling the liquid to temperatures just below the glass transition. Aging following a temperature jump was studied by measuring the dielectric loss at a fixed frequency using a microregulator in which temperature is controlled by means of a Peltier element. Compared to conventional equipment the new device adds almost two orders of magnitude to the span of observable aging times. Data for the following five glass-forming liquids are presented: Dibutyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate, 2,3-epoxy propyl-phenyl-ether, 5-polyphenyl-ether, and triphenyl phosphite. The aging data were analyzed using the Tool-Narayanaswamy formalism. The following features are found for all five liquids: 1) Each liquid has an "internal clock", a fact that is established by showing that the aging of the structure is controlled by the same material time that controls the dielectric properties. 2) There are no so-called expansion gaps between the long-time limits of the relaxation rates following up and down jumps to the same temperature. 3) At long times the structural relaxation is not stretched, but a simple exponential decay. 4) For small temperature steps the rate of the long-time exponential structural relaxation is identical to that of the long-time decay of the dipole autocorrelation function.

Tina Hecksher; Niels Boye Olsen; Kristine Niss; Jeppe C. Dyre

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Modification of the aging dynamics of glassy polymers due to a temperature step  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular dynamics simulations are used to investigate the connection between thermal history and physical aging in polymer glasses, in particular the effects of a temperature square step. Measurements of two-time correlation functions show that a negative temperature step causes "rejuvenation" of the sample: the entire spectrum of relaxation times appears identical to a younger specimen that did not experience a temperature step. A positive temperature step, however, leads to significant changes in the relaxation times. At short times, the dynamics are accelerated (rejuvenation), whereas at long times the dynamics are slowed (over-aging). All findings are in excellent qualitative agreement with recent experiments. The two regimes can be explained by the competing contributions of dynamical heterogeneities and faster aging dynamics at higher temperatures. As a result of this competition, the transition between rejuvenation and over-aging depends on the length of the square step, with shorter steps causing more rejuvenation and longer steps causing more over-aging. Although the spectrum of relaxation times is greatly modified by a temperature step, the van Hove functions, which measure the distribution of particle displacements, exhibit complete superposition at times when the mean-squared displacements are equal.

Mya Warren; Joerg Rottler

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

472

Performance testing of aged hydrogen getters against criteria for interim safe storage of plutonium bearing materials.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen getters were tested for use in storage of plutonium-bearing materials in accordance with DOE's Criteria for Interim Safe Storage of Plutonium Bearing Materials. The hydrogen getter HITOP was aged for 3 months at 70 C and tested under both recombination and hydrogenation conditions at 20 and 70 C; partially saturated and irradiated aged getter samples were also tested. The recombination reaction was found to be very fast and well above the required rate of 45 std. cc H2h. The gettering reaction, which is planned as the backup reaction in this deployment, is slower and may not meet the requirements alone. Pressure drop measurements and {sup 1}H NMR analyses support these conclusions. Although the experimental conditions do not exactly replicate the deployment conditions, the results of our conservative experiments are clear: the aged getter shows sufficient reactivity to maintain hydrogen concentrations below the flammability limit, between the minimum and maximum deployment temperatures, for three months. The flammability risk is further reduced by the removal of oxygen through the recombination reaction. Neither radiation exposure nor thermal aging sufficiently degrades the getter to be a concern. Future testing to evaluate performance for longer aging periods is in progress.

Shepodd, Timothy J.; Nissen, April; Buffleben, George M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Benchmark cool companions: New ages and abundances for the PZ Tel system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new ages and abundance measurements for the pre-main sequence star PZ Tel. PZ Tel was recently found to host a young and low-mass companion. Using FEROS spectra we have measured atomic abundances (e.g. Fe and Li) and chromospheric activity for PZ Tel and used these to obtain metallicity and age estimates for the companion. We find PZ Tel to be a rapidly rotating (vsini=73\\pm5km/s), ~solar metallicity star (logN(Fe)=-4.37\\pm0.06dex or [Fe/H]=0.05\\pm0.20dex) with a measured mean logR'HK of -4.12. We measure a NLTE lithium abundance of logN(Li)=3.1\\pm0.1dex, which from depletion models gives rise to an age of 7+4-2 Myrs for the system. The measured chromospheric activity returns an age of 26\\pm2Myrs, as does fitting pre-main sequence evolutionary tracks (Tau_evol=22\\pm3Myrs), both of which are in disagreement with the lithium age. We speculate on reasons for this difference and introduce new models for lithium depletion that incorporates both rotation and magnetic field affects. We also synthesize sol...

Jenkins, James S; Ivanyuk, Oleksiy; Gallardo, Jose; Jones, Matias I; Day-Jones, Avril C; Jones, Hugh R A; Ruiz, Maria-Teresa; Pinfield, David J; Yakovina, Larissa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Understanding and managing the effects of battery charger and inverter aging  

SciTech Connect

An aging assessment of battery chargers and inverters was conducted under the auspices of the NRC's Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program. The intentions of this program are to resolve issues related to the aging and service wear of equipment and systems at operating reactor facilities and to assess their impact on safety. Inverters and battery chargers are used in nuclear power plants to perform significant functions related to plant safety and availability. The specific impact of a battery charger or inverter failure varies with plant configuration. Operating experience data have demonstrated that reactor trips, safety injection system actuations, and inoperable emergency core cooling systems have resulted from inverter failures; and dc bus degradation leading to diesel generator inoperability or loss of control room annunication and indication have resulted from battery and battery charger failures. For the battery charger and inverter, the aging and service wear of subcomponents have contributed significantly to equipment failures. This paper summarizes the data and then describes methods that can be used to detect battery charger and inverter degradation prior to failure, as well as methods to minimize the failure effects. In both cases, the managing of battery charger and inverter aging is emphasized. 5 refs.

Gunther, W. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Aggarwal, S. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Understanding and managing the effects of battery charger and inverter aging  

SciTech Connect

An aging assessment of battery chargers and inverters was conducted under the auspices of the NRC`s Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program. The intentions of this program are to resolve issues related to the aging and service wear of equipment and systems at operating reactor facilities and to assess their impact on safety. Inverters and battery chargers are used in nuclear power plants to perform significant functions related to plant safety and availability. The specific impact of a battery charger or inverter failure varies with plant configuration. Operating experience data have demonstrated that reactor trips, safety injection system actuations, and inoperable emergency core cooling systems have resulted from inverter failures; and dc bus degradation leading to diesel generator inoperability or loss of control room annunication and indication have resulted from battery and battery charger failures. For the battery charger and inverter, the aging and service wear of subcomponents have contributed significantly to equipment failures. This paper summarizes the data and then describes methods that can be used to detect battery charger and inverter degradation prior to failure, as well as methods to minimize the failure effects. In both cases, the managing of battery charger and inverter aging is emphasized. 5 refs.

Gunther, W. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Aggarwal, S. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Mechanical Testing of TR-55 Rubber Thermally Aged Under Tensile Strain  

SciTech Connect

TR-55 rubber specimens were previously subjected to an aging process consisting of the application of a tensile strain of approximately 67%, 100%, 133%, or 167% elongation for 4, 8, 12, or 16 h at either 250 C or room temperature. Control specimens at the same temperatures/durations were not subjected to tensile strain. The specimens were allowed to recover at room temperature without external stimuli for over 100 days before tensile testing. A single dog bone was cut from each specimen and a stress-strain curve was obtained. The elastic modulus of each specimen was calculated. Specimens aged under tensile strain exhibited rubber-like behavior dependent on the aging elongation and duration. This behavior was not evident in the unstrained controls. For the unstrained controls, exposure to 250 C resulted in an increase in modulus relative to the unheated material independent of the heating duration. The tensile strain applied during the aging process caused a reduction in modulus relative to the controls; lower moduli were observed for the shorter aging durations. Slippage of the specimens in the grips prevented determination of ultimate strength, as all specimens either slipped completely out of the grip before failure or failed at the original grip edge after slipping.

Small IV, W; Alviso, C T; Wilson, T S; Chinn, S C; Maxwell, R S

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

477

Duration of hydrothermal activity at Steamboat Springs, Nevada, from ages of spatially associated volcanic rocks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Steamboat Springs is a presently active equivalent of epithermal gold-silver ore-forming systems. Hot-spring sinter deposits contain small amounts of gold, silver, mercury, antimony, and arsenic. Hot-spring activity probably started before extrusion of the basaltic andesite of Steamboat Springs. Old sinter from the Steamboat Springs system occurs in gravels above and below the basaltic andesite. Intense hydrothermal alteration, including almost complete replacement by hydrothermal potassium-feldspar, has affected the basaltic andesite. Three plagioclase separates of differing potassium content from fresh basaltic andesite yielded potassium-argon ages of 2.52 to 2.55 m.y. Basaltic andesite almost completely replaced by potassium-feldspar yielded an age of 1.1 m.y. The source of energy for the thermal convection system is probably a large rhyolitic magma chamber that supplied the pumice and from which the rhyolite domes were emplaced. Sanidine and obsidian from four of the rhyolite domes yielded potassium-argon ages of 1.15 to 1.52 m.y. and obsidian from one of the northeastern domes yielded apparent ages of 2.97 and 3.03 m.y. The data indicate that hydrothermal activity has occurred at Steamboat Springs, possibly intermittently, for more than 2-1/2 m.y. These data agree with other radiogenic age studies indicating 1- and 2-m.y. lifetimes for the hydrothermal systems that generate epithermal gold-silver deposits.

Silberman, M.L.; White, D.E.; Keith, T.E.C.; Dockter, R.D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Morphology-dependent trends of galaxy age with environment in Abell 901/902 seen with COMBO-17  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate correlations between galaxy age and environment in the Abell 901/2 supercluster for separate morphologies. Using COMBO-17 data, we define a sample of 530 galaxies, complete at $M_V -5\\log htrend of age with density for galaxies of all morphologies that include a spheroidal component, in the sense that galaxies in denser environments are older. This trend is not seen among Scd/Irr galaxies since they all have young ages. However, the trend among the other types is stronger for fainter galaxies. While we also see an expected age-morphology relation, we find no evidence for a morphology-density relation at fixed age.

C. Wolf; M. E. Gray; A. Aragon-Salamanca; K. P. Lane; K. Meisenheimer

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

479

Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De La Fournaise  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De La Fournaise Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De La Fournaise (Reunion Island) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Age And Nature Of Deposits On The Submarine Flanks Of Piton De La Fournaise (Reunion Island) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Debris-avalanche deposits are by far the most extensive and voluminous formations in the submarine domain around Reunion Island. 21 sites sampled offshore of Piton de la Fournaise were studied. All the dredged rocks have a volcanic origin and often consist of blocks buried in a finer-grained matrix. Both massive and vesiculated samples were found, but only rare fragments of pillow lavas were encountered. All the lavas are basalts with variable amounts of olivine. A few plagioclase-bearing basalts

480

Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity November 25, 2013 - 1:30pm Addthis Electricity pioneer Charles Proteus Steinmetz (center in light-colored suit) poses with Albert Einstein (immediate left) and other inventors at the RCA Brunswick, New Jersey, wireless station in 1921. | Photo courtesy of Franklin Township Public Library Archive. Electricity pioneer Charles Proteus Steinmetz (center in light-colored suit) poses with Albert Einstein (immediate left) and other inventors at the RCA Brunswick, New Jersey, wireless station in 1921. | Photo courtesy of Franklin Township Public Library Archive. Rob Roberts Rob Roberts Director of Digital Strategy More Tesla vs. Edison:

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481

Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity Beyond Tesla and Edison: Other Luminaries from the Age of Electricity November 25, 2013 - 1:30pm Addthis Electricity pioneer Charles Proteus Steinmetz (center in light-colored suit) poses with Albert Einstein (immediate left) and other inventors at the RCA Brunswick, New Jersey, wireless station in 1921. | Photo courtesy of Franklin Township Public Library Archive. Electricity pioneer Charles Proteus Steinmetz (center in light-colored suit) poses with Albert Einstein (immediate left) and other inventors at the RCA Brunswick, New Jersey, wireless station in 1921. | Photo courtesy of Franklin Township Public Library Archive. Rob Roberts Rob Roberts Director of Digital Strategy More Tesla vs. Edison:

482

Leadership Development Series: "Leadership In An Age Of Righteousness"  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leadership Development Series: "Leadership In An Age Of Leadership Development Serie