Sample records for union eu united

  1. Eos,Vol. 85, No. 46, 16 November 2004 use among European Union (EU) member

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chunzai

    Eos,Vol. 85, No. 46, 16 November 2004 use among European Union (EU) member states applications of the atlas contents should have no problem doing so. The price of the atlas is a hefty $310 the substantial amount of information contained within the atlas,the price represents a good value,and university

  2. The Role of Domestic Factors in the Formation of Trade Unions: A Look at Turkey/EU Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Youngblood, Kristina Lynne

    2008-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    studied Turkey and the European Union (EU). Turkey was officially admitted as a candidate country to the EU in 1997. Despite efforts to meet EU demands, Turkey’s admittance has been blocked. As recently as 2007 Turkey was denied membership, while...

  3. Japan, EU reach basic agreement over ITER The Yomiuri Shimbun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan, EU reach basic agreement over ITER The Yomiuri Shimbun The government and the European Union to the unsuccessful candidate country. Japan and France, the EU's candidate, have been bidding to host the facility bidder's country. The ITER project participants--Japan, China, the EU, Russia, South Korea and the United

  4. DeclanButler,Paris Japan and the European Union (EU) will this

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    been withdrawnfromthecompetition. The ITER partners -- the EU, Japan, Russia, Canada, China, South." Adealwillinvolveconsensusonengineer- ing, costs, culture and politics, though per- haps not in that order. On paper, the French partners Korea and China. The amount of money each party is prepared to put on the table this week could

  5. Joint United States-European Union Theoretical and Practical Course on Molecular Approaches for In Situ Biogradation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suflita, Joseph M.; Duncan, Kathleen E.

    2010-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The Joint United States - European Union Theoretical and Practical Course on Molecular Approaches for in situ Biodegradation was held May 24 through June 7 at The University of Oklahoma. Twenty-four graduate and postgraduate students from both the United States and the European Union attended the course. Nine states and ten European countries were represented. Students were assigned living quarters and laboratory partners to maximize interactions between US and EU participants as well as to mix people with different technical backgrounds together. The students used the latest methods in molecular biology to characterize beneficial microorganisms and genes involved in the biodegradation of pollutants at a nearby landfill as well as an active hydrocarbon-producing site, part of which is undergoing bioremediation. Seminars by distinguished scientists were organized to expose the students to the breadth of the environmental field, including field assay and engineering applications, laboratory scale bioreactors, microbiology, genetics, regulation, pathway analysis, design of recombinant bacteria, and application of the associated techniques to the field. Lectures were given by various OU faculty on the principles behind the techniques to be used in the laboratory. These lectures included troubleshooting hints and encouraged questions and comments from the audience. The laboratory experiments covered chemical, microbiological, and molecular genetic analyses of soils; bioavailability of contaminants; enrichment cultures; gene probing; PCR amplification of known genes and gene families; identification of microbes based traditional and nontraditional approaches, nutritional capabilities, and 16S rRNA sequence; mRNA detection; and enzyme assays. Field trips were made to the USGS landfill field sampling site, and to the Tall Grass Prairie Preserve, a Nature Conservancy site which also featured long-term studies of bioremediation of crude oil and brine spills by one of the Principal Investigators in collaboration with University of Tulsa faculty. The students are expected to bring the methods that they learned back to their laboratories to enrich their own and their colleagues' ability to perform state of the art environmental biotechnology research.

  6. Developing an Enhanced Framework for Networking and Cooperation in Rd and D for Radioactive Waste Disposal in The European Union (Eu)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raynal, M.; Webster, S. [Directorate-General for Research and Technological Development, European Commission, Brussels (Belgium)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management of radioactive waste is a priority area of research in the 6. EURATOM Framework Programme (2002-2006) and geological disposal of spent fuel and high-level long-lived nuclear waste is a key topic within this priority area. The ongoing programme is a culmination of previous European Union-supported projects, and maintains continuity with previous research activities efforts in this field. Investment in knowledge has become a priority for the EU's objectives of growth, competitiveness and sustainability. Not only should the scale and impact of investment in research and innovation be increased for Europe to strengthen its position as technologically advanced economy but it is also recognised that there is significant added value in coordinating activities at the European level. In particular, there is a need for more in-depth coordination between the respective efforts in EU Member States in the field of management of radioactive waste, and to develop a model of sustainable networking that could improve the cooperation on RD and D on geological disposal among the main stakeholders. The CARD initiative described in this paper is a one-year project that started in November 2006 to investigate whether the Technology Platform model, a concept that has been widely taken up by a range of R and D sectors in Europe, is applicable to the nuclear waste community and how it can be used to improve the effectiveness of future research in the 7. EURATOM Framework Programme (2007-2011) and in following Framework Programmes. (authors)

  7. The EU ETS: CO2 prices drivers during the learning experience (2005-2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Union Allowances (EUAs), valid for compliance under the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is to regulate CO2 emissions from the most energy

  8. Constitutional legislation, European Union Law and the nature of the United Kingdom’s contemporary constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Mark

    2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    ’  —  forthcoming  in  (2014)  European  Constitutional  Law  Review     5   principle  reflected  in  it,16  was  vulnerable  to  displacement  by  EU  law  in  the  form  of  the  EIA  Directive.  The  very...

  9. Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies TOKYO, March 9 (Reuters) -Japan warned the European Union on Wednesday

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for international cooperation," Satoru Ohtake, director of fusion energy at the Science and Technology Ministry to construct the first thermonuclear reactor -- the European Union, Japan, China, the United States, Russia it was too early to hold high-level political talks to resolve the simmering dispute. The EU had called

  10. Strategic Behavior, Private Information, and Decentralization in the European Union Emissions Trading System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malueg, David A.; Yates, Andrew J.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the European Union emissions trading scheme. Rev EnvironDecentralization in the EU emissions trading scheme andthe European Union Emissions Trading System David A. Malueg

  11. FLEGT Asia, Baseline Study 1, China: Overview of Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade, June 2011 This Action is funded by the European Union and Governments of Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , June 2011 This Action is funded by the European Union and Governments of Finland, France, Germany of Finland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. www

  12. EU, Japan call for dialogue amid row on breakthrough nuclear project The European Union and Japan each called Wednesday for dialogue among the six partners on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    if Japan did not host ITER. Japan has also said it is ready to discuss compromises. Nuclear Power Plant Discount new & used items. affil Search for nuclear power plant now! American Nuclear Society Nuclear Power Plant Wall Maps published by Nuclear News Ads by Goooooogle 12/1/04 10:30 AMEUbusiness - EU, Japan call

  13. EU, U.S., Russia, Asian States Sign Nuclear-Fusion Reactor May 24 (Bloomberg) --The European Union, the U.S., Russia and Asian nations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -gas emissions from fossil fuels, rising oil prices and worries about the safety of existing nuclear plants nuclear-fusion reactor, forging ahead with a 4.6 billion- euro ($5.9 billion) project to cut oil demand. ``It's a historic moment,'' Janez Potocnik, EU commissioner for science and research, told reporters

  14. Carbon Leakage in the Primary Aluminium Sector: What evidence after 6 years of the EU ETS?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). The findings suggest that while rising electricity prices. Keywords: carbon leakage, European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), CO2 pricing 1 1 #12;32 2 1 - Introduction Since the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) began pricing CO2 emissions within

  15. Future Intelligent Power Grids: Analysis of the vision in the European Union and the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coll-Mayor, Debora; Paget, Mia L.; Lightner, Eric M.

    2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The future of power grids is expected to involve an increasing level of intelligence and integration of new information and communication technologies in every aspect of the electricity system, from demand-side devices to wide-scale distributed generation to a variety of energy markets. This paper provides a general outlook of the definition of this future in the U.S. and the European Union and compares two approaches—GridWiseTM and SmartGrid. It describes the contexts in both the worlds, as they influence the two visions of the future intelligent power grid, and as they form foundations at each respective federal level for supporting research in this field. The similarities and complementarities of the two research programs are examined. Within the framework of a solid precedence for trans-Atlantic cooperation in energy research, the time would seem optimal to set in motion active collaboration and educational exchange on GridWise and SmartGrid research. This paper will help energy policy makers to better understand the key issues determining the two different approaches and the two different policies derived from them; as well as a comparison of the solution provided in each case. This work will also be useful for researchers and industry decision makers to be aware of trans-Atlantic approaches, opportunities, and resources looking toward future, more intelligent and interconnected power grids.

  16. United States-assisted studies on dose reconstruction in the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anspaugh, L.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Bouville, A. [National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD (United States)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Following the Chernobyl accident, the US and the USSR entered into an agreement to work on the safety of civilian nuclear reactors; one aspect of that work was to study the environmental transport and health effects of radionuclides released by the accident. After the break-up of the USSR separate agreements were established between the US and Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia to continue work on dose reconstruction and epidemiologic studies of health effects from exposure to external radiation and the incorporation of radionuclides. Studies in Belarus and Ukraine related to the Chernobyl accident now emphasize epidemiologic: studies of childhood-thyroid cancer and leukemia, and eye-lens-cataract formation in liquidators. Supporting studies on dose reconstruction emphasize a variety of ecological, physical, and biological techniques. Studies being conducted in Russia currently emphasize health effects in the workers and the population around the Mayak Industrial Association. As this production complex is an analogue of the US Hanford Works, advantage is being taken of the US experience in conducting a similar, recently completed dose-reconstruction study. In all cases the primary work on dose reconstruction is being performed by scientists from the former Soviet Union. US assistance is in the form of expert consultation and participation, exchange visits, provision of supplies and equipment, and other forms of local assistance.

  17. Closer Co-operation in Tomorrow’s European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deubner, Christian

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    project, EU Gouvernance by Self- Co-ordination: Towards aCloser Co-operation in Tomorrow’s European Union 1.1 We speak about closer co-operation in the EU when fewer

  18. Universitt Wien European Studies Vienna Romania's Way into the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Ralf R.

    1 Universität Wien European Studies Vienna Romania's Way into the EU Author: Liana Müller Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Peter Fischer Index terms Romania, European Union, Enlargement, Accession, Acquis............................................................................. 8 3 EU ­ Romania relations

  19. Visions of Future Intelligent Power Grids: Synergies for Collaboration Between the European Union and the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coll-Mayor, Debora; Paget, Mia L.; Lightner, Eric M.; Sanchez-Jimenez, Manuel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The future of power grids is expected to involve an increasing level of intelligence and integration of new information and communication technologies in every aspect of the electricity system, from demand-side devices to wide-scale distributed generation to a variety of energy markets. The vision of this future in the United States and the European Union is known as GridWiseTM and SmartGrid, respectively. The results of the examination of similarities and complementarities of the two research programs are presented in this paper. Within the framework of a solid precedence for trans-Atlantic cooperation in energy research, the time would seem optimal to set in motion active collaboration and educational exchange on GridWise and SmartGrid research. This paper will provide energy professionals with a comparison of the solutions developed in each case, to be aware of trans-Atlantic approaches, opportunities, and resources looking toward future, more intelligent and interconnected power grids.

  20. The Impact of the European Union Sugar Sector Policy on Brazilian Poverty 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avram, Bianca

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This study assesses the impact of the European Union (EU) common sugar policy on Brazilian poverty levels. First, using a simple linear regression, the Brazilian and EU sugar exports to common third countries were analysed, the results showing...

  1. Compliance Behavior in the EU-ETS: Cross Border Trading, Banking and Borrowing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper exploits a little used data resource within the central registry of the European Union’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to analyze cross border flows of allowances for compliance purposes during the first ...

  2. Climate for Collaboration: Analysis of US and EU Lessons and Opportunities in Energy and Climate Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Vita, A.; de Connick, H.; McLaren, J.; Cochran, J.

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A deepening of cooperation between the United States and the European Union requires mutual trust, and understanding of current policies, challenges and successes. Through providing such understanding among policymakers, industry and other stakeholders in both economies, opportunities for transatlantic cooperation on climate change and energy policy emerge. This paper sets out by discussing the environmental, legislative, and economic contexts of the EU and US as related to climate. This context is essential to understanding how cap-and-trade, renewable energy and sustainable transportation policies have taken shape in the EU and the US, as described in Chapter 3.1. For each of these policies, a barrier analysis and discussion is provided. Chapter 4 builds off this improved understanding to listobservations and possible lessons learned. The paper concludes with recommendations on topics where EU and US interests align, and where further cooperation could prove beneficial.

  3. Carbon emissions and the Kyoto commitment in the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viguier, Laurent L.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.

    We estimate reference CO? emission projections in the European Union, and quantify the economic impacts of the Kyoto commitment on Member States. We consider the case where each EU member individually meets a CO? emissions ...

  4. ( )Ministers delay decision on site for 10-billion-dollar nuclear fusion reactor 20/12/2003 The European Union, the United States and four other countries failed in talks agree on a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of transporting nuclear material and storing dangerous long-term radioactive waste. Nuclear fusion takes( )Ministers delay decision on site for 10-billion-dollar nuclear fusion reactor 20-dollar international nuclear fusion reactor. Delegates from the European Union, the United States, China, Japan, South

  5. Cross Border Trading and Borrowing in the EU ETS A. Denny Ellerman* and Raphael Trotignon**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    multi- national trading system, the European Union's CO2 Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) provides** This paper exploits a little used data resource within the central registry of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to analyze cross border trading and inter-year borrowing during the first trading

  6. building science into EU policy The current status of biofuels in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    easac building science into EU policy The current status of biofuels in the European Union the EASAC Secretariat at secretariat@easac.eu #12;The current status of biofuels in the European Union, their environmental impacts and future prospects easac #12;ii | December 2012 | Sustainable Biofuels EASAC ISBN 978

  7. The European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    No 48-2013 The European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out European Union Emissions Trading System: should we throw the flagship out with the bathwater? Abstract The European Union Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS), presented as the ``flagship'' of European climate policy

  8. An Analysis of Trading Motivations in Phase II of the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Robert Michael

    An Analysis of Trading Motivations in Phase II of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme By Executive Summary I. The European Union Emission Trading Scheme a. Evolution of the EU ETS b. Structure of Trading Behavior in Phase II of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme "Our generation's response

  9. Policy Brief: Still time to reclaim the European Union Emissions Trading System for the European tax payer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Brief: Still time to reclaim the European Union Emissions Trading System for the European of the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) are not restrictive enough. Evidence from interviews The EU Commission is currently finalising the design of the third trading phase of the European Emissions

  10. Les dterminants du prix du carbone sur le march europen des quotas Carbon price drivers in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme Emilie Alberola1 et Julien Chevallier2 Résumé: L'article examine le prix des quotas durant la première période (2005-2007) de l'European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU

  11. Economic impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme : evidence from the refining sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lacombe, Romain H

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I study the economic impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on the refining industry in Europe. I contrast previous ex-ante studies with the lessons from a series of interviews I conducted with ...

  12. The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Proto-Type Global System?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

  13. The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Prototype Global System?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

  14. Briefing Note 2010 -2 Tax Fraud from Emissions Trading in the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    Briefing Note 2010 - 2 7 May 2010 Tax Fraud from Emissions Trading in the European Union Neil Tansey and Ivan Watson Issue The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) began in 2005 as the largest multi-country and multi-sector greenhouse gas emissions trading system in the world by volume

  15. The impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme on electricity generation sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme on electricity generation sectors Djamel the Kyoto Protocol, France and Germany par- ticipate to the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS, the European market for emission allowances has increased the market power of the historical French electricity

  16. Ris DTU Dec.3 2009WindScanner.eu 1 Ris DTU, Technical University of Denmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    % to the average Danish electricity consumption · Today DK is leading worldwide regarding research and development market · By year 2020 EU's goal is to cover ~20% of the Unions electricity consumption via sustainable of wind power technology · EU Governments wish to maintain the lead Internationally on the wind power

  17. Carbon Prices during the EU ETS Phase II: Dynamics and Volume Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Université Paris Dauphine Abstract The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the largest emissions trading scheme to date. This article summarizes the principle elements behind the trading system of reducing CO2 emissions and achieving the Kyoto Protocol target. The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

  18. Over-Allocation or Abatement? A Preliminary Analysis of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme Based on the 2005 Emissions Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny.

    This paper provides an initial analysis of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, ...

  19. EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel-rules-won-t-r385258.htm 1 of 2 1/16/2008 12:32 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EU promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment http://www.pr-inside.com/eu-promises-new-biofuel promises new biofuel rules won't harm the environment © AP 2008-01-14 16:21:49 - BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) - The European Union promised Monday that its new push to promote biofuels will try to prevent harming

  20. A comparison of dose and dose-rate conversion factors from the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, US Department of Energy, and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood, A.S.; Abbott, M.L.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several independent data sets of radiological dose and dose-rate conversion factors (DCF/DRCF) have been tabulated or developed by the international community both for fission and fusion safety purposes. This report compares sets from the US Department of Energy, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom with those calculated by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program. The objectives were to identify trends and potential outlying values for specific radionuclides and contribute to a future benchmark evaluation of the CARR computer code. Fifty-year committed effective dose equivalent factors were compared for the inhalation and ingestion pathways. External effective dose equivalent rates were compared for the air immersion and ground surface exposure pathways. Comparisons were made by dividing dose factors in the different data bases by the values in the FSP data base. Differences in DCF/DRCF values less than a factor of 2 were considered to be in good agreement and are likely due to the use of slightly different decay data, variations in the number of organs considered for calculating CEDE, and rounding errors. DCF/DRCF values that differed by greater than a factor of 10 were considered to be significant. These differences are attributed primarily to the use of different radionuclide decay data, selection and nomenclature for different isomeric states, treatment of progeny radionuclides, differences in calculational methodology, and assumptions on a radionuclide's chemical form.

  1. A comparison of dose and dose-rate conversion factors from the Soviet Union, United Kingdom, US Department of Energy, and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood, A.S.; Abbott, M.L.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several independent data sets of radiological dose and dose-rate conversion factors (DCF/DRCF) have been tabulated or developed by the international community both for fission and fusion safety purposes. This report compares sets from the US Department of Energy, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom with those calculated by the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Fusion Safety Program. The objectives were to identify trends and potential outlying values for specific radionuclides and contribute to a future benchmark evaluation of the CARR computer code. Fifty-year committed effective dose equivalent factors were compared for the inhalation and ingestion pathways. External effective dose equivalent rates were compared for the air immersion and ground surface exposure pathways. Comparisons were made by dividing dose factors in the different data bases by the values in the FSP data base. Differences in DCF/DRCF values less than a factor of 2 were considered to be in good agreement and are likely due to the use of slightly different decay data, variations in the number of organs considered for calculating CEDE, and rounding errors. DCF/DRCF values that differed by greater than a factor of 10 were considered to be significant. These differences are attributed primarily to the use of different radionuclide decay data, selection and nomenclature for different isomeric states, treatment of progeny radionuclides, differences in calculational methodology, and assumptions on a radionuclide`s chemical form.

  2. Energy Policy 31 (2003) 459481 The costs of the Kyoto Protocol in the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ``flexible mechanisms'' (emission trading, clean development mechanism, and Joint Implementation) in order emissions trading within the European Union'' that proposes to introduce in 2005 an EU trading system be implemented at national level: e.g., emissions trading systems are in the process of being established

  3. EU to build experimental fusion reactor Associated Press, THE JERUSALEM POST Sep 25, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EU to build experimental fusion reactor Associated Press, THE JERUSALEM POST Sep 25, 2006 European Union nations on Monday endorsed a pact to build an experimental fusion reactor with the aim, China, Japan, South Korea and Russia - also aim to ratify the International Thermonuclear Experimental

  4. -News Home Help Chirac defends planned EU arms sales to China to nervous Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -News Home Help Chirac defends planned EU arms sales to China to nervous Japan Sun Mar 27,11:33 AM Union ( - ) arms embargo on China, telling a nervous Japan the move would not entail transfers ban, acknowledged that Japan was worried about arms sales to its neighbor and growing rival but said

  5. Kansas City`s Union Station redevelopment opportunity -- Environmental challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snyder, M.G. [Black and Veatch Waste Science, Inc., Overland Park, KS (United States); Scott, A. [Union Station Assistance Corp., Kansas City, MO (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Kansas City`s Union Station, located at the center of a 1.7 million metropolitan population, is the second largest train station in the United States. The Station ceased to operate as a train station in 1983 and has since been falling into an increasing state of disrepair. This paper provides an insight into ``brownfield`` redevelopment and renovation for adaptive reuse of major turn of the century facilities such as Union Station. Substantial assessment and investigation activities have been conducted at Union Station for compliance and corrective action under RCRA, TSCA, and associated state regulations encompassing remediation estimated at more than $3 million. Recognized environmental conditions identified at Union Station included potential underground storage tanks; solid wastes, special wastes, and potentially hazardous wastes located inside the building; free liquids in sumps and elevator pits; asbestos-containing materials; lead-based paint; and potential for soil contamination on the surrounding property.

  6. Paver Program Oklahoma Memorial Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    Paver Program Oklahoma Memorial Union The UniversiTy of oklahoma Alumni Association Pave the Way in the Oklahoma Memorial Union Courtyard. Now you can. The UniversiTy of oklahoma Alumni Association 900 Asp Ave of Oklahoma is an equal opportunity institution. This brochure was printed at no cost to the taxpayers

  7. Price relationships in the EU emissions trading system Julien Chevallier1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Price relationships in the EU emissions trading system Julien Chevallier1 Université Paris Dauphine Abstract The Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) constrains industrial polluters to buy/sell CO2 the price relationships in the EU emissions trading system. The United Nations Framework Convention

  8. (Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2003/805/CFSP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    (Acts adopted pursuant to Title V of the Treaty on European Union) COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2003 that terrorists will acquire chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear materials adds a new dimension would serve as a yardstick in the negotiations of EU positions in international forums

  9. Farm Workers and Unions in California Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Unions in California Agriculture Philip Martin June 30,unions and immigration in California agriculture 2. scanningbargaining agreements signed in CA agriculture (http://

  10. THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 10 June 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    9 CONOP 24 COARM 15 NOTE from : Secretariat to : Council Subject : EU Strategy against proliferation

  11. The Leadership Cluster Memorial Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    The Leadership Cluster Memorial Union Student Leadership and Involvement Student Media Something New @ OSU #12;Access Diversity "Leadership/Citizenship" Community Connection Health & Wellness Housing & Dining Administrative Leadership #12;Student Leadership & Involvement SLI-Activities Program Club

  12. hebrew union college annual volume lxxvi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graur, Dan

    , Adam Kamesar, Barry Kogan, Michael Meyer, Stanley Nash, David Sperling, Dvora Weisberg #12;HEBREW UNION

  13. European Union Energy Performance of Building Directive and the Impact of Building Automation on Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirth, U.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gubelstrasse 22 CH-6301 Zug 00 41 41/ 7 24 55 60 wirth.ulrich@siemens.com European Union Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and The impact of Building Automation on Energy Efficiency Buildings account for 40 percent of global energy... building automation and control and technical building management based on the same may provide a demonstrable contribution to EU savings goals of 20 percent by 2020. The goal of European Directive 2002/91/EC on the total energy efficiency of buildings...

  14. FORT UNION DEEP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback was a four-fold increase over the prestimulation rate with production essentially returning to prestimulation rates after 30 days. The physical stimulation was conducted over a 14-day period. Problems with the stimulation injection resulted in a coal bed fire that was quickly quenched when production was resumed. The poststimulation, stabilized production was three to four times the prestimulation rate. The methane content was approximately 45% after one day and increased to 65% at the end of 30 days. The gas production rate was still two and one-half times the prestimulation rate at the end of the 30-day test period. The field results were a good match to the numerical simulator predictions. The physical stimulation did increase the production, but did not produce a commercial rate.

  15. FORT UNION DEEP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback was a four-fold increase over the prestimulation rate with production essentially returning to prestimulation rates after 30 days. The physical stimulation was conducted over a 14-day period. Problems with the stimulation injection resulted in a coal bed fire that was quickly quenched when production was resumed. The poststimulation, stabilized production was three to four times the prestimulation rate. The methane content was approximately 45% after one day and increased to 65% at the end of 30 days. The gas production rate was still two and one-half times the prestimulation rate at the end of the 30-day test period. The field results were a good match to the numerical simulator predictions. The physical stimulation did increase the production, but did not produce a commercial rate.

  16. Japan, EU adamant about their proposals to host ITER, put off negotiations to next year; Joint construction plan involving Japan,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Japan, EU adamant about their proposals to host ITER, put off negotiations to next year; Joint construction plan involving Japan, U.S. South Korea also emerging NIHON KEIZAI, December 20, 2004 Japan are likely to enter a crucial stage early in the next year. In addition to Japan and the EU, the United

  17. European legislation in the United Kingdom: a threat to coal-fired power station product utilization?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sear, K.A. [Quality Ash Association (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The author considers that the European Union has not taken the approach adopted in the USA where environmental regulators are keen to promote the use of coal-fired power station ash by-product and recycled materials. The United Kingdom has seen, with some dismay, the effects EU legislation is having on the ash industry. This article outlines only some of the problems being tackled. The Waste Framework Directive is difficult to interpret and fails to define critical aspects of the problem. This directive is discussed at some length in the article. A total of nine directives effect the operation of coal-fired power plant. Many are imprecise and open to interpretation and cause a deal of frustration, delays and confusion to the ash supplier and contractor. This is causing markets to suffer.

  18. Texas Union Pizza Order Form ROOM RESERVED ______________________________________________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jefferys, William

    : ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Pick-up All orders are to be picked up at the Texas Union Hospitality Center desk in the south end West#12;#12;Texas Union Pizza Order Form ROOM RESERVED with the Texas Union Policies and Procedures. I understand that I will be held responsible for any debts incurred

  19. Trade Unions and the Origins of the Union-Based Welfare State in Italy (1950s-1970s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agnoletto, Stefano

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    state. In this framework, trade unions led the battles toTrade Unions and the Origins of the Union-Based Welfareto identify the role played by trade unions in defining the

  20. In This Issue United States and European

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In This Issue United States and European Consumer Demand for Genetically Modified Food mandatory labeling laws. EU countries require labeling of genetically modified foods, and a number of large EU retailers have agreed to stop selling all genetically modified foods, effectively banning

  1. The New Great Debate about Unionism and Collective Bargaining in U.S. State and Local Governments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kochan, Thomas Anton

    Recently some state and local governments in the United States have sharply reduced or eliminated employee unionism and bargaining rights in the belief that their fiscal adversity stems mainly from overcompensation of ...

  2. EU warns of breakaway plans on nuclear project 24 September 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . He argued the project could be launched with Russia paying 10 percent of the costs and China -- which is backed by South Korea, China, the United States and Russia as well as the EU. But the European support from China and Russia. South Korea and the United States appear to prefer the Japanese site

  3. Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2}: Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of the mixed-valent europium(II,III) fluoride sulfide EuF{sub 2}.(EuFS){sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grossholz, Hagen; Hartenbach, Ingo [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Kotzyba, Gunter [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Poettgen, Rainer, E-mail: pottgen@uni-muenster.d [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Trill, Henning; Mosel, Bernd D. [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Schleid, Thomas, E-mail: schleid@iac.uni-stuttgart.d [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the method to synthesize rare-earth metal(III) fluoride sulfides MFS (M=Y, La, Ce-Lu), in some cases we were able to obtain mixed-valent compounds such as Yb{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} instead. With Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} another isotypic representative has now been synthesized. Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} (tetragonal, I4/mmm, a=400.34(2), c=1928.17(9) pm, Z=2) is obtained from the reaction of metallic europium, elemental sulfur, and europium trifluoride in a molar ratio of 5:6:4 within seven days at 850 deg. C in silica-jacketed gas-tightly sealed platinum ampoules. The single-phase product consists of black plate-shaped single crystals with a square cross section, which can be obtained from a flux using equimolar amounts of NaCl as fluxing agent. The crystal structure is best described as an intergrowth structure, in which one layer of CaF{sub 2}-type EuF{sub 2} is followed by two layers of PbFCl-type EuFS when sheeted parallel to the (001) plane. Accordingly there are two chemically and crystallographically different europium cations present. One of them (Eu{sup 2+}) is coordinated by eight fluoride anions in a cubic fashion, the other one (Eu{sup 3+}) exhibits a monocapped square antiprismatic coordination sphere with four F{sup -} and five S{sup 2-} anions. Although the structural ordering of the different charged europium cations is plausible, a certain amount of charge delocalization with some polaron activity has to take place, which is suggested by the black color of the title compound. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements of Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} show Curie-Weiss behavior with an experimental magnetic moment of 8.19(5) mu{sub B} per formula unit and a paramagnetic Curie temperature of 0.3(2) K. No magnetic ordering is observed down to 4.2 K. In accordance with an ionic formula splitting like (Eu{sup II})(Eu{sup III}){sub 2}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} only one third of the europium centers in Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} carry permanent magnetic moments. {sup 151}Eu-Moessbauer spectroscopic experiments at 4.2 K show one signal at an isomer shift of -12.4(1) mm/s and a second one at 0.42(4) mm/s. These signals occur in a ratio of 1:2 and correspond to Eu{sup 2+} and Eu{sup 3+}, respectively. The spectra at 78 and 298 K are similar, thus no change in the Eu{sup 2+}/Eu{sup 3+} fraction can be detected. - Graphical abstract: Crystal structure and {sup 151}Eu-Moessbauer spectra of mixed-valent Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2}.

  4. Synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kokal, I. [Koç University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sariyer, Istanbul 34450 (Turkey); Aydemir, U., E-mail: uaydemir@ku.edu.tr [Koç University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sariyer, Istanbul 34450 (Turkey); Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Str.40, Dresden 01187 (Germany); Prots, Yu.; Förster, T.; Sichelschmidt, J. [Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Str.40, Dresden 01187 (Germany); Yahyaoglu, M. [Koç University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sariyer, Istanbul 34450 (Turkey); Auffermann, G.; Schnelle, W. [Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Str.40, Dresden 01187 (Germany); Schappacher, F.; Pöttgen, R. [Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 30, Münster 48149 (Germany); Somer, M., E-mail: msomer@ku.edu.tr [Koç University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, Sariyer, Istanbul 34450 (Turkey)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}] was synthesized from the metathesis reaction of Li{sub 3}[BN{sub 2}] and EuCl{sub 3} at 850 °C. Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}] crystallizes in the trigonal space group R3{sup ¯}c (No. 167) with a=12.0225(2) Å, c=6.8556(2) Å and Z=6. In the crystal structure, isolated, planar cyclic [B{sub 3}N{sub 6}]{sup 9?} units are charge-balanced by the mixed-valence Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} and Li{sup +} cations. Li{sup +} occupies partially (44%) the Wyckoff site 6b and is sandwiched between the [B{sub 3}N{sub 6}]{sup 9?} anions. Mössbauer spectroscopy results show the resonance lines of Eu{sup 2+} and Eu{sup 3+}, respectively, indicating the heterogeneous mixed valency of the Eu atoms. X-Band ESR investigations between 5 and 300 K reveal an intense signal over the whole temperature range originating from Eu{sup 2+}. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate a Curie–Weiss behavior with an experimental effective magnetic moment of ?{sub eff}=8.28 ?{sub B} per formula unit. - Graphical abstract: Single crystals of Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}] was obtained from the metathesis reaction of Li{sub 3}[BN{sub 2}] and EuCl{sub 3.}{sup 151}Eu Mössbauer, ESR and magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal the heterogeneous mixed valency of the Eu atoms. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Single crystals of Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}] was obtained from the metathesis reaction of Li{sub 3}[BN{sub 2}] and EuCl{sub 3} at 850 °C. • Crystal structure is built up by isolated, planar cyclic [B{sub 3}N{sub 6}]{sup 9?} units which are surrounded by mixed valence Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+}. • Li{sup +} occupies partially (44%) the site 6b and is sandwiched between the [B{sub 3}N{sub 6}]{sup 9?} anions. • The {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy, electron spin resonance spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility measurements confirm the heterogeneous mixed valency of Eu.

  5. Unions, LANL sign labor agreements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening aTurbulence mayUndergraduate ProgramCenter |SolarUnions, LANL sign

  6. De-Carbonizing California and the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berck, Peter; Brannlund, Runar

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the EU has set a biofuels transport target for each country,for 10% of transport fuels to be biofuels. This is about the

  7. Coal system improvements at Union Electric's Labadie Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, D.; Mahr, D.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Union Electric's Labadie Plant is a 2,400 MWe (4 x 600) coal-fired power generating station. It is located 35 miles west of St. Louis. The four units were commissioned between 1970 and 1973. Units No. 1 and 2 have individual stacks, while Units No. 3 and 4 have a common stack. In response to the lower sulfur requirements of Clean Air Act Amendments, a fuel switching project was implemented in 1991. The plant was originally designed to burn a bituminous, Midwestern coal from the Illinois Basin. This fuel is characterized as a relatively high Btu, high sulfur coal. To met sulfur emission standards, Union Electric modified the boilers, precipitators, and coal handling system to accommodate Powder River Basin (PRB) coal. PRB coal has a lower heating value, 8,500 Btu/lb, versus 12,000 Btu/lb. for the Illinois coal. It is more economical than the available high Btu, low sulfur coals. A switch from Illinois coal to PRB coal has helped the Labadie Plant meet new air quality standards and minimize fuel cost. The increased belt speeds and inherent characteristics of PRB coal amplified handling problems. Dust, spillage increased and the impact on plant operations was more severe. To combat these problems, Union Electric implemented an ongoing improvement program. As experienced was gained, a number of solutions were initiated through several engineering/construction programs and a number of solutions contributed by coal yard personnel. While many of these improvements were a direct result of the switch to PRB coal, they would also be useful on systems handling bituminous coal. New ideas were needed to meet plant objectives of doing more with fewer people. The improvement at Labadie is apparent throughout the coal yard, in access, safety, and cleanliness. Plant improvement is a continuing task. Additional areas within the coal yard are being more closely examined to determine if they can benefit from new techniques that might be applied.

  8. Foreign Fishery Developments Soviet Union and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foreign Fishery Developments Soviet Union and Japan Agree on 1978 Quotas The Soviet Union and Japan year in Moscow. Japan's total 1978 allocation in the Soviet zone was set at 850,000 metric tons (t ex- trapolation of the 1977 quotas, which were 700,000 t for Japan during March-December and 335

  9. Supported by GreenNet-EU27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figueiredo Integration costs of wind due to changed system operation and investment decisions in GermanySupported by GreenNet-EU27 EIE/04/049/S07.38561 GreenNet-EU27 GUIDING A LEAST COST GRID INTEGRATION cost and grid extension cost caused by intermittent RES-E grid integration Derk Jan Swider (Ed

  10. adolescent rugby union: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: An Analysis of Trading Motivations in Phase II of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme By Executive Summary I. The European Union Emission Trading Scheme a....

  11. Uranium mine and mill tailings - Liabilities in the European Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilden, Wolfgang; Murphy, Simon [European Commission, Maison de l'Europe, L-2920 (Luxembourg); Vrijen, Jan [KARUWEEG BV, Leliendaalsedreef 9, 4333 JZ Middelburg (Netherlands)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Uranium mining and milling has taken place on large scale in the Member States of the European Union (EU) for some 60 years. Although, compared to mining, milling activities are normally concentrated in fewer locations, this can still result in a relatively large number of disposal sites for the tailings, compared to other radioactive wastes. In addition these sites are also quite large, in terms of both volume and surface area. Coupled with the residual uranium in the tailings together with other radionuclides, heavy metals, chemicals etc this results in an environmental legacy continuing far into the future. Often during production no or little provision has been made for the closure, remediation and future supervision of such sites. In 1996 the European Commission funded an inventory of uranium mining and milling liabilities in nine Central and Eastern European Countries. Additionally, pilot projects were funded to carry out remediation activities at several sites. Almost ten years later the Commission has identified the need to address the situation of these large liabilities in all EU Member States and to assess the progress made in remediation of the sites, especially in view of the closure of almost all mining activities in Europe. The Commission study has identified the current tailings liabilities in Europe, their status, the future plans for these sites and the hazards that continue to be associated with them. It is clear that although considerable progress has been made in recent years, much work remains to be carried out in the areas of remediation, and ensuring the long-term safety of many of the identified objects. The paper presents the main findings of the study, as well as the challenges identified to ensure long-term safety of these wastes. (authors)

  12. Comparing public policies in multilevel governance systems: tobacco control in the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goerdel, Holly Thompson

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ???????.?... 57 Greece: Tobacco Control ?????????? 58 Italy: Tobacco Control ??????????? 60 Netherlands: Tobacco Control ???????? 62 Portugal: Tobacco Control ?????????. 64 Spain: Tobacco Control ??????????.. 65 Sweden: Tobacco... countries in the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. I add to this historical account empirical evidence in support of how...

  13. Print Story: Japan has told EU it is giving up on nuclear reactor bid:... http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20050622/wl_asia_afp/japaneufrancenuc... 1 of 1 6/22/05 12:12 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Print Story: Japan has told EU it is giving up on nuclear reactor bid:... http it is giving up on nuclear reactor bid: report 1 hour, 51 minutes ago Japan has told the European Union it will give up on hosting a revolutionary nuclear energy reactor after securing large deals in turn

  14. EU Blanket Design Activities and Neutronics Support Efforts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, U. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany); Batistoni, P. [ENEA Fusion Division (Italy); Boccaccini, L.V. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany); Giancarli, L. [CEA Saclay (France); Hermsmeyer, S. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany); Poitevin, Y. [CEA Saclay (France)

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview is provided of the design activities and the related neutronics support efforts conducted in the European Union for the development of breeder blankets for future fusion power reactors. The EU fusion programme considers two blanket lines, the Helium-Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) blanket with Lithium ceramics pebbles (Li{sub 4}SiO{sub 4} or Li{sub 2}TiO{sub 3}) as breeder and beryllium pebbles as neutron multiplier, and the Helium-Cooled Lithium-Lead (HCLL) blanket with the Pb-Li eutectic alloy as breeder and neutron multiplier. The blanket design and the related R and D efforts are based on the use of the same coolant and the same modular blanket structure to minimise the development costs as much as possible. The neutronic support efforts include design analyses for the layout and optimization of the modular HCPB/HCLL blankets based on detailed three-dimensional Monte Carlo calculations as well as underlying neutronics activities conducted in the frame of the European Fusion and Activation File (EFF/EAF) projects to develop qualified nuclear data and computational tools for reliable neutronics design calculations.

  15. Welcome to Union County Extension. The service offered to the citizens of Union County is a part-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    education continues to be a Tri-County initiative through Bradford, Baker and Union County. This pro- gramWelcome to Union County Extension. The service offered to the citizens of Union County is a part- nership between Union County Board of County Commissioners and the University of Florida/IFAS. The mission

  16. Welcome to Union County Extension. The ser-vice offered to the citizens of Union County is a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Education: Pesticide education continues to be a Tri-County initiative through Bradford, Baker and UnionWelcome to Union County Extension. The ser- vice offered to the citizens of Union County is a partnership between Union County Board of County Commissioners and the University of Florida/IFAS. The mission

  17. The EU Approach for Responsible and Safe Management of Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste - 12118

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blohm-Hieber, Ute; Necheva, Christina [European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy, Luxembourg L-2920 (Luxembourg)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In July 2011 legislation on responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste was adopted in the European Union (EU). It aims at ensuring a high level of safety, avoiding undue burdens on future generations and enhancing transparency. EU Member States are responsible for the management of their spent fuel and/or radioactive waste. Each Member State remains free to define its fuel cycle policy. The spent fuel can be regarded either as a valuable resource that may be reprocessed or as radioactive waste that is destined for direct disposal. Whatever option is chosen, the disposal of high level waste, separated at reprocessing, or of spent fuel regarded as waste should be considered. The storage of radioactive waste, including long-term storage, is an interim solution, but not an alternative to disposal. To this end, each Member State has to establish, maintain and implement national policy, framework and programme for management of spent fuel and/or radioactive waste in the long term. Member States will invite international peer reviews to ensure that high safety standards are achieved. The EU approach is anchored in internationally endorsed principles and requirements of the IAEA safety standards and the Joint Convention and in this context makes them legally binding and enforceable in the EU. The EU approach of regulating the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste is anchored in the competence of the national regulatory authorities and in the internationally endorsed principles and requirements of the IAEA Safety Standards and the Joint Convention. Member States have to report to the Commission on the implementation of Directive 2011/70/Euratom for the first time by 23 August 2015, and every 3 years thereafter, taking advantage of the review and reporting under the Joint Convention. On the basis of the Member States' reports, the Commission will submit to the European Parliament and the Council a report on progress made and an inventory of radioactive waste and spent fuel present in the EU territory and the future prospects. Directive 2011/70/Euratom is a logical next step after the Council Directive 2009/71/Euratom on the nuclear safety of nuclear installations. The EU is the first major regional actor providing a binding legal framework on nuclear safety and on responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, and thus is a real model to progress spent fuel and waste management in a safe and responsible manner. (authors)

  18. Discovery of the $^{151}$Eu $\\alpha$ decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casali, N; Orio, F; Pattavina, L; Beeman, J W; Bellini, F; Cardani, L; Dafinei, I; Di Domizio, S; Di Vacri, M L; Gironi, L; Kosmyna, M B; Nazarenko, B P; Nisi, S; Pessina, G; Piperno, G; Pirro, S; Rusconi, C; Shekhovtsov, A N; Tomei, C; Vignati, M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the observation of the $^{151}$Eu $\\alpha$ decay to the ground state of $^{147}$Pm. We measured a half-life of T_{1/2}=(4.62$\\pm$0.95(stat.)$\\pm$0.68(syst.))$\\times 10^{18}$ y and a Q-value of 1948.9$\\pm$6.9 keV, using a 6.15 g Li$_6$Eu(BO$_3$)$_3$ crystal operated as scintillating bolometer.

  19. A Comprehensive Energy Audit of a Large Production Unit in Six Weeks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korich, R. D.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Past energy audits of petrochemical plant production units at Union Carbide have demonstrated that the key to an effective, comprehensive audit of a large production unit is to minimize the time period requirement for the team activity. This paper...

  20. Structure and physical properties of EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} tungsten bronze polymorph

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolodiazhnyi, T., E-mail: kolodiazhnyi.taras@nims.go.jp; Sakurai, H.; Vasylkiv, O.; Borodianska, H. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Forbes, S.; Mozharivskyj, Y. [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario L8S4M1 (Canada)

    2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) polymorph of EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} was prepared and analyzed. EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} crystallizes in the centrosymmetric Pnam space group (with unit cell: a?=?12.3693, b?=?12.4254, and c?=?7.7228?Å) isomorphous with orthorhombic ?-SrTa{sub 2}O{sub 6}. In contrast to early reports, we see no evidence of deviation from paramagnetic Curie-Weiss behavior among the Eu{sup 2+} 4f{sup 7}spins in EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} down to 2?K. Dielectric constant shows a broad peak at ca. 50?K with dielectric dispersion resembling diffuse phase transition. The relaxation time, however, follows a simple (non-freezing) thermally activated process with an activation energy of 92?meV and an attempt frequency of f{sub 0}?=?5.79?×?10{sup 12?}Hz. A thermal conductivity of EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} shows a low-temperature (T???30?K) “plateau” region reminiscent of a glass-like behaviour in Nb-based TTB compounds. This behaviour can be attributed to the loosely bound Eu{sup 2+} ions occupying large tricapped trigonal prismatic sites in the EuTa{sub 2}O{sub 6} structure.

  1. EuCuOSe: Crystal structure refinement, electrical and magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Llanos, Jaime [Departamento de Quimica, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Avda. Angamos 0610, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile)], E-mail: jllanos@ucn.cl; Cortes, Rodrigo; Sanchez, Victor [Departamento de Quimica, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Avda. Angamos 0610, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile)

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The europium copper oxyselenide EuCuOSe has been prepared by reacting Eu, CuO and Se in the ratio 1:1:1 at 1123 K for a period of 10 days in sealed quartz ampoule. The structure has been determined by single-crystal X-ray methods. The compound crystallizes tetragonal in the space group P4/nmm (no. 129) with two formula units in the cell with dimensions a = 393.65(8) pm and c = 871.80(17) pm. The structure is composed of {sup 2}{sub {infinity}}{l_brace}[(Eu{sup 3+})(O{sup 2-}){sub 4/4}(Se{sup 2-}){sub 4/4}]{sup -}{r_brace} double layers separated by copper atoms, which are tetrahedrally coordinated to Se{sup 2-} anions. According to the resistivity measurements, EuCuOSe is a semiconductor. The magnetic susceptibility data shows the typical non-Curie-Weiss behavior of the {sup 7}F{sub J} states of Eu in the 4f{sup 6} configuration.

  2. Facebook and its EU users Applicability of the EU data protection law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Facebook and its EU users ­ Applicability of the EU data protection law to US based SNS* Aleksandra (SNS). The analysis will be conducted on the example of Facebook, which is one of the most popular SNS. The goal of the paper is to examine whether European users of Facebook can rely on their national data

  3. Social Actors in the Implementation of EU Agri-Environmental Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moyano, Eduardo

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of EU Agri- Environmental Policy Eduardo Moyano Institute ofof EU Agri- Environmental Policy Eduardo Moyano and Fernandoof EU Agri-Environmental Policy”. Unfortunately, neither

  4. Kansas Labor Unions: Past, Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shulenburger, David E.; Johnson, Nancy Brown

    1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Labor Unions: Past, Present and Future,” Kansas Business Review, with N.B. Johnson, Volume 6 (May-June, 1983), pp. 13-17. Terms of Use: http://www2.ku.edu/~scholar/docs/license.shtml and N. B. Johnson Kansas Labor Unions: Past, Present, and Future... that the strikers were " . . . sober, in­ telligent, orderly men" and encouraged the railroad to "arrange terms for an amicable settlement."6 Governor Martin's stalwart stand not to intervene with troops represented one of the earliest occasions in which a state...

  5. Optically active centers in Eu implanted, Eu in situ doped GaN, and Eu doped GaN quantum dots

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodiou, L.; Braud, A.; Doualan, J.-L.; Moncorge, R. [Centre de Recherche sur les Ions, les Materiaux et la Photonique (CIMAP), CNRS-CEA-ENSICAEN, Universite de Caen, UMR 6252, 14050 Caen (France); Park, J. H.; Munasinghe, C.; Steckl, A. J. [University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221-0030 (United States); Lorenz, K.; Alves, E. [Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, Estrada Nacional 10, PT-2685-953 Sacavem (Portugal); Daudin, B. [INAC SP2M/PSC, CEA-Grenoble, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparison is presented between Eu implanted and Eu in situ doped GaN thin films showing that two predominant Eu sites are optically active around 620 nm in both types of samples with below and above bandgap excitation. One of these sites, identified as a Ga substitutional site, is common to both types of Eu doped GaN samples despite the difference in the GaN film growth method and in the doping technique. High-resolution photoluminescence (PL) spectra under resonant excitation reveal that in all samples these two host-sensitized sites are in small amount compared to the majority of Eu ions which occupy isolated Ga substitutional sites and thus cannot be excited through the GaN host. The relative concentrations of the two predominant host-sensitized Eu sites are strongly affected by the annealing temperature for Eu implanted samples and by the group III element time opening in the molecular beam epitaxy growth. Red luminescence decay characteristics for the two Eu sites reveal different excitation paths. PL dynamics under above bandgap excitation indicate that Eu ions occupying a Ga substitutional site are either excited directly into the {sup 5}D{sub 0} level or into higher excited levels such as {sup 5}D{sub 1}, while Eu ions sitting in the other site are only directly excited into the {sup 5}D{sub 0} level. These differences are discussed in terms of the spectral overlap between the emission band of a nearby bound exciton and the absorption bands of Eu ions. The study of Eu doped GaN quantum dots reveals the existence of only one type of Eu site under above bandgap excitation, with Eu PL dynamics features similar to Eu ions in Ga substitutional sites.

  6. Union Pacific Railroad`s LNG locomotive test program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grimaila, B.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Union Pacific Railroad is testing LNG in six locomotives through 1997 to determine if the liquefied natural gas technology is right for them. Two of the six LNG test locomotives are switch, or yard, locomotives. These 1,350 horsepower locomotives are the industry`s first locomotives totally fueled by natural gas. They`re being tested in the yard in the Los Angeles area. The other four locomotives are long-haul locomotives fueled by two tenders. These units are duel-fueled, operating on a mixture of LNG and diesel and are being tested primarily on the Los Angeles to North Platte, Nebraska corridor. All the information concerning locomotive emissions, locomotive performance, maintenance requirements, the overall LNG system design and the economic feasibility of the project will be analyzed to determine if UPR should expand, or abandon, the LNG technology.

  7. Office of Campus Activities 401 Bowen-Thompson Student Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    Office of Campus Activities 401 Bowen-Thompson Student Union Bowling Green, OH 43403 Phone (419 be submitted to the Office of Campus Activities, 401 Bowen- Thompson Student Union. Organizations

  8. The regional trade-union : lessons from Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraile, Lydia M

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The region has emerged in the last two decades as a new field of trade-union activity. There is increasing interaction across Europe between unions, employer associations, and state actors at the subnational territorial ...

  9. THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 19 November 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    14997/03 LIMITE PESC 690 CODUN 47 CONOP 56 COARM 18 NOTE from : the General Secretariat of the EU to : the Delegations Prev.doc.no: 14813/03 PESC 673 CODUN 45 CONOP 54 COARM 16 + COR 1 Subject : Fight against

  10. DG E WMD EN THE EUROPEAN UNION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    1019 CONOP 49 CODUN 31 NOTE from : General Secretariat to : Coreper / Council No. prev. doc. : 14329/05 PESC 999 CONOP 48 CODUN 30 Subject : Implementation of the EU Strategy against proliferation of WMD and Council for adoption (I/A note, doc. 15279/05 PESC 1100 CONOP 49 CODUN 33). ° ° ° #12;14520/05 2 DG E WMD

  11. THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 13 June 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    , Chemical Weapons Convention, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, Safeguards budget line) 10354/1/03 REV 1 (en) DG E VIII 3 EN #12;On nuclear weapons proliferation: 4. Rapid of the Basic Principles for an EU Strategy against Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction Delegations

  12. THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 8 June 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    9898/05 1 DGE WMD EN COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 8 June 2005 9898/05 PESC 494 CONOP 27 CODUN 6 COARM 28 NOTE From : Secretariat to : Delegations No. prev. doc. : 9931/05 PESC 498 CONOP 28

  13. act infringes eu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. Canada Pauly, Daniel 44 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  14. Energy Department Partners with EU on Electric Vehicle and Smart...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Partners with EU on Electric Vehicle and Smart Grid Coordination Energy Department Partners with EU on Electric Vehicle and Smart Grid Coordination July 19, 2013 - 5:17pm Addthis...

  15. ag cu eu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alkaline fusion process is used from waste phosphors. 1. Introduction The recycling of rare earths is of importance for helping for recycling Eu from BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ (BMA)...

  16. aquilo mas eu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alkaline fusion process is used from waste phosphors. 1. Introduction The recycling of rare earths is of importance for helping for recycling Eu from BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ (BMA)...

  17. augu eu degvielu: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fusion process is used from waste phosphors. 1. Introduction The recycling of rare earths is of importance for helping for recycling Eu from BaMgAl10O17:Eu2+ (BMA)...

  18. International Trade and Unionization: Evidence from Reshad N. Ahsan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    International Trade and Unionization: Evidence from India Reshad N. Ahsan University of Melbourne exploit an exogenous episode of trade liberalization to examine the impact of interna- tional trade and provides us with predictions on the relationship between trade and both unionization and union wages. We

  19. Edinburgh Research Explorer The Structure of Eu-III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    ]. Very recently, Eu has been found to be superconducting at a pressure of approximately 80 GPa, with Tc

  20. This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate strategies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground@bookpoint.co.uk May 2013 322 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-6078-7 £60.00 Corporate Responses to EU Emissions Trading at The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway `With greenhouse gas emissions trading schemes emerging worldwide

  1. Purposes, paradigms and pressure groups: Accountability and sustainability in EU environmental assessment, 1985-2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheate, William R., E-mail: w.sheate@imperial.ac.uk

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Twenty five years since the introduction of the European Union (EU) environmental impact assessment (EIA) Directive in 1985 this paper reflects on the extent to which environmental assessment (EA) processes, over the course of their evolution over the last 25 years in the EU, have provided a platform for enhancing accountability and sustainability. Surprisingly-in the context of legal mandates for EA-there is little reference in the EA literature explicitly to the literature on accountability and the role EA may play in this increasingly important aspect of governance. The paper explores EA implementation principally from an environmentalist perspective and particularly the way in which NGOs and other advocates for the environment in the UK and EU have used the EA legislation as a lever for increasing democratic, corporate and professional accountability of proponents and decision-makers alike. From an a historical analysis, including two historical EIA case studies and two contemporary SEA case studies, it becomes clear that EA has had an important role to play-at the legislative level in providing the requirements for accountability, and at the implementation level as the lever that can be used to hold individuals, organisations and authorities to account for their actions. The relationship with the shift to sustainability is a close one, since sustainable development demands greater public involvement in decision-making and greater accountability of executive decisions to the public. The lessons from this analysis allow the development of a nascent policy-oriented theory regarding EA's role in accountability, which provides a framework for a distinctive new area of EA research and policy analysis. Moreover, an accountability perspective on EA could help re-frame EA for policy makers from being purely an informational and procedural instrument to one which promotes better accountability and sustainability simultaneously. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Little attention in the literature to environmental assessment (EA) and accountability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Evolution of EA in the EU influenced by shifting policy paradigms and demands for accountability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EIA and SEA, as formal procedures, can provide platforms for accountability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Four case studies illustrate how NGOs and others have used EA to further accountability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A policy-oriented theory provides a basis for considering future evolution of EA in the EU.

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    elements including Union Pacific Railroad, gas and electric utilities, and high-voltage transmission lines

  3. Induced spin-polarization of EuS at room temperature in Ni/EuS multilayers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poulopoulos, P., E-mail: poulop@upatras.gr [Laboratory of High-Tech Materials, School of Engineering, University of Patras, 26504 Patras (Greece); Materials Science Department, University of Patras, 26504 Patras (Greece); Goschew, A.; Straub, A.; Fumagalli, P. [Institut für Experimentalphysik, Freie Universität Berlin, Arnimallee 14, D-14195 Berlin-Dahlem (Germany); Kapaklis, V.; Wolff, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden); Delimitis, A. [Chemical Process and Energy Resources Institute (CPERI), Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH), 57001 Thermi, Thessaloniki (Greece); Wilhelm, F.; Rogalev, A. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), B.P.220, 38043 Grenoble (France); Pappas, S. D. [Laboratory of High-Tech Materials, School of Engineering, University of Patras, 26504 Patras (Greece); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 516, SE-751 20 Uppsala (Sweden)

    2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Ni/EuS multilayers with excellent multilayer sequencing are deposited via e-beam evaporation on the native oxide of Si(100) wafers at 4?×?10{sup ?9} millibars. The samples have very small surface and interface roughness and show sharp interfaces. Ni layers are nanocrystalline 4–8?nm thick and EuS layers are 2–4?nm thick and are either amorphous or nanocrystalline. Unlike for Co/EuS multilayers, all Eu ions are in divalent (ferromagnetic) state. We show a direct antiferromagnetic coupling between EuS and Ni layers. At room temperature, the EuS layers are spin-polarized due to the proximity of Ni. Therefore, Ni/EuS is a candidate for room-temperature spintronics applications.

  4. Aryl Bridged 1-Hydroxypyridin-2-one: Effect of the Bridge on the Eu(III) Sensitization Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Aleo, Anthony; Moore, Evan G.; Szigethy, Geza; Xu, Jide; Raymond, Kenneth N.

    2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The efficiency of Eu3+ luminescence by energy transfer from an antenna ligand can be strongly dependent on the metal ion coordination geometry. The geometric component of the Eu(III) sensitization has been probed using series of tetradentate 1,2-HOPO derivatives that are connected by bridges of varying length and geometry. The ligands are N,N'-(1,2-phenylene)bis(1-hydroxy-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxamide) for the ligand (L{sup 1}), 1-hydroxy-N-(2-(1-hydroxy-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxamido)benzyl)-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxamide (L{sup 2}) and N,N'-(1,2-phenylenebis(methylene))bis(1-hydroxy-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxamide) (L{sup 3}). Spectroscopic characterization of both the Gd(III) and Eu(III) metal complexes, TD-DFT analysis of model compounds and evaluation of the kinetic parameters for the europium emission were completed. Some striking differences were observed in the luminescence quantum yield by altering the bridging unit. The [Eu(L{sup 2}){sub 2}]{sup -} derivative shows efficient sensitization coupled with good metal centered emission. For [Eu(L{sup 3}){sub 2}]{sup -}, the large quenching of the luminescence quantum yield compared to [Eu(L{sup 2}){sub 2}]{sup -} is primarily a result of one inner sphere water molecule bound to the europium cation while for [Eu(L{sup 1}){sub 2}]{sup -}, the low luminescence quantum yield can be attributed to inefficient sensitization of the europium ion.

  5. Fuel efficient train operations: A preliminary investigation with the locomotive data acquisition package on the Union Pacific Railroad. Interim report Jun-Nov 80

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larsen, K.W.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Locomotive Data Acquisition Package (LDAP) is a research data acquisition system designed for use on board diesel locomotives. Between June 1980 and November 1980, a fuel efficient train operations experiment was conducted in cooperation with the Union Pacific Railroad using the LDAP. The experiment served both as a checkout of the LDAP unit, and as a preliminary study of the relationship between train handling and fuel consumption. The LDAP unit was operated on a Union Pacific Locomotive for 127 days during which data were collected for 53,936 miles of locomotive operation.

  6. Evidence of Eu{sup 2+} 4f electrons in the valence band spectra of EuTiO{sub 3} and EuZrO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolodiazhnyi, T. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Valant, M. [Materials Research Laboratory, University of Nova Gorica, Vipavska 13, 5000 Nova Gorica (Slovenia); Williams, J. R. [International Center for Young Scientists (ICYS), MANA, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Bugnet, M.; Botton, G. A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L7 (Canada); Ohashi, N. [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, MANA, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Sakka, Y. [National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on optical band gap and valence electronic structure of two Eu{sup 2+}-based perovskites, EuTiO{sub 3} and EuZrO{sub 3} as revealed by diffuse optical scattering, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and valence-band x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The data show good agreement with the first-principles studies in which the top of the valence band structure is formed by the narrow Eu 4f{sup 7} electron band. The O 2p band shows the features similar to those of the Ba(Sr)TiO{sub 3} perovskites except that it is shifted to higher binding energies. Appearance of the Eu{sup 2+} 4f{sup 7} band is a reason for narrowing of the optical band gap in the title compounds as compared to their Sr-based analogues.

  7. Union Electric Membership Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to: navigation,UnaUnion Electric

  8. Union Electric Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle AirshipsUnalakleet4888°, -77.0564464°Union Electric

  9. High Temperature Fuel Cells in the European Union

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation on High Temperature Fuel Cells in the European Union to the High Temperature Membrane Working Group, May 25, 2004 in Philadelphia, PA.

  10. Union Carbides Last 20 Years in Oak Ridge

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Research and Development AdministrationDepartment of Energy's Oak Ridge, Paducah and Portsmouth facilities, how about the last 20 years of Union Carbide's tenure here...

  11. african customs union: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the relevance of the authoritarian personality in the Soviet Union. In a 1991 Moscow quota sample, authoritarianism strongly predicted support for reactionary leaders and...

  12. astronomical union held: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the relevance of the authoritarian personality in the Soviet Union. In a 1991 Moscow quota sample, authoritarianism strongly predicted support for reactionary leaders and...

  13. Trade unions, inequality, and democracy in the US and Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilly, Chris

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1993. Uneven Tides: Rising Inequality in America, New York:2003. Unions and wage inequality in Mexico. ” Industrial andBruce. 2006. Punishment and Inequality in America. New York:

  14. Optical properties of Eu{sup 2+}/Eu{sup 3+} mixed valence, silicon nitride based materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kate, Otmar M. ten, E-mail: o.m.tenkate@tudelft.nl [Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Fundamental Aspects of Materials and Energy, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands); Vranken, Thomas [Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Kolk, Erik van der [Fundamental Aspects of Materials and Energy, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands); Jansen, Antonius P.J.; Hintzen, Hubertus T. [Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eu{sub 2}SiN{sub 3}, a mixed valence europium nitridosilicate, has been prepared via solid-state reaction synthesis and its oxidation behavior and optical properties have been determined. Furthermore, the stability of several isostructural compounds of the type M{sup 2+}L{sup 3+}SiN{sub 3} has been predicted by using the density functional theory calculations, and verified by the actual synthesis of CaLaSiN{sub 3}, CaEuSiN{sub 3} and EuLaSiN{sub 3}. The band gap of CaLaSiN{sub 3} was found around 3.2 eV giving the material its yellow color. Eu{sub 2}SiN{sub 3} on the other hand is black due to a combination of the 4f–5d absorption band of Eu{sup 2+} and the charge transfer band of Eu{sup 3+}. Thermogravimetric analysis and Raman spectroscopic study of Eu{sub 2}SiN{sub 3} revealed that oxidation of this compound in dry air takes place via a nitrogen retention complex. - Graphical abstract: Energy level scheme of Eu{sub 2}SiN{sub 3} showing the occupied N{sup 3?} 2p band (blue rectangle), unoccupied Eu{sup 2+} 5d band (white rectangle), occupied Eu{sup 2+} 4f ground states (filled red circles) and unoccupied Eu{sup 2+} ground states (open red circles). - Highlights: • Density functional theory calculations on the stability of M{sup 2+}L{sup 3+}SiN{sub 3} compounds. • Solid-state reaction synthesis of Eu{sub 2}SiN{sub 3}, CaLaSiN{sub 3}, EuLaSiN{sub 3} and CaEuSiN{sub 3}. • Determination of the Eu{sup 2+} 4f–5d and Eu{sup 3+} CT transitions in M{sup 2+}L{sup 3+}SiN{sub 3} compounds. • Oxidation of Eu{sub 2}SiN{sub 3} in dry air takes place via a nitrogen retention complex.

  15. Syntheses, crystal structures, and properties of EuRhIn, EuIr{sub 2}, and EuIrSn{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poettgen, R.; Hoffmann, R.D.; Moeller, M.H.; Kotzyba, G.; Kuennen, B.; Rosenhahn, C.; Mosel, B.D. [Univ. Muenster (Germany)] [Univ. Muenster (Germany)

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The title compounds were prepared from the elements by reactions in sealed tantalum tubes in a high-frequency furnace. Their structures were refined from single crystal X-ray diffractometer data: Pnma, a = 744.4(1) pm, b = 434.15(9) pm, c = 845.5(1) pm, wR2 = 0.0433, 658 F{sup 2} values, 20 variables for EuRhIn, Rd3m, a = 756.5(1) pm, wR2 = 0.0349, 94 F{sup 2} values, 5 variables for EuIr{sub 2}, and Cmcm, a = 434.78(3) pm, b = 1124.0(1) pm, c = 751.20(5) pm, wR2 = 0.0561, 565 F{sup 2} values, 16 variables for EuIrSn{sub 2}. EuRhIn crystallizes with a TiNiSi type structure that consists of strongly puckered Rh{sub 3}In{sub 3} hexagons. The europium atoms fill the channels within the three-dimensional [RhIn] polyanion. EuRhIn orders ferromagnetically at 22.0(5) K with a saturation magnetic moment of 6.7(1) {mu}{sub B}/Eu at 4 k and 5.5 T. The divalent character of the europium atoms in EuRhIn was determined from temperature dependent susceptibility (7.9 {mu}{sub B}/Eu in the high-temperature part) and {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectroscopic experiments. The latter show an isomer shift of {delta} = {minus}8.30(2) mm/s at 78 K. At 4.2 K full magnetic hyperfine field splitting subjected to significant quadrupole splitting of {Delta}E{sub Q} = 8 mm/s is observed. EuRhIn is a metallic conductor with a room temperature value of 58 {micro}{Omega}cm for the specific resistivity. The structure of the Laves phase EuIr{sub 2} is confirmed on the basis of single crystal X-ray data. The iridium atoms form a tetrahedral network with Ir-Ir distances of 268 pm. EuIrSn{sub 2} adopts a MgCuAl{sub 2} type structure that may be described as an iridium-filled variant of a distorted CaIn{sub 2}-like sublattice of composition EuSn{sub 2}. The tin atoms in the distorted and puckered hexagonal network have shorter (303 and 322 pm) and longer (343 pm) tin-tin contacts. 40 refs., 9 figs., 5 tabs.

  16. A New Combustion Synthesis Method for GaN:Eu3+ and Ga2O3 :Eu3+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKittrick, Joanna

    A New Combustion Synthesis Method for GaN:Eu3+ and Ga2O3 :Eu3+ Luminescent Powders G. A. Hirata1 between the precursors. The preparation of Eu-doped Ga2O3 powders was achieved using a new combustion)3 and Ga(NO3)3 as the precursors and hydrazine as (non-carbonaceous) fuel. A spontaneous combustion

  17. Chemical bonding in EuTGe (T=Ni, Pd, Pt) and physical properties of EuPdGe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rocquefelte, Xavier [UMR 6226 Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, Universite de Rennes 1-ENSC Rennes-CNRS, Avenue du General Leclerc, F-35042 Rennes Cedex (France); Gautier, Regis [UMR 6226 Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, Universite de Rennes 1-ENSC Rennes-CNRS, Avenue du General Leclerc, F-35042 Rennes Cedex (France); Halet, Jean-Francois [UMR 6226 Sciences Chimiques de Rennes, Universite de Rennes 1-ENSC Rennes-CNRS, Avenue du General Leclerc, F-35042 Rennes Cedex (France)], E-mail: halet@univ-rennes1.fr; Muellmann, Ralf [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Rosenhahn, Carsten [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Mosel, Bernd D. [Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Kotzyba, Gunter [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Poettgen, Rainer [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, D-48149 Muenster (Germany)], E-mail: pottgen@uni-muenster.de

    2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    EuPdGe was prepared from the elements by reaction in a sealed tantalum tube in a high-frequency furnace. Magnetic susceptibility measurements show Curie-Weiss behavior above 60 K with an experimental magnetic moment of 8.0(1){mu} {sub B}/Eu indicating divalent europium. At low external fields antiferromagnetic ordering is observed at T {sub N}=8.5(5) K. Magnetization measurements indicate a metamagnetic transition at a critical field of 1.5(2) T and a saturation magnetization of 6.4(1){mu} {sub B}/Eu at 5 K and 5.5 T. EuPdGe is a metallic conductor with a room-temperature value of 5000{+-}500 {mu}{omega} cm for the specific resistivity. {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectroscopic experiments show a single europium site with an isomer shift of {delta}=-9.7(1) mm/s at 78 K. At 4.2 K full magnetic hyperfine field splitting with a hyperfine field of B=20.7(5) T is observed. Density functional calculations show the similarity of the electronic structures of EuPdGe and EuPtGe. T-Ge interactions (T=Pd, Pt) exist in both compounds. An ionic formula splitting Eu{sup 2+} T {sup 0}Ge{sup 2-} seems more appropriate than Eu{sup 2+} T {sup 2+}Ge{sup 4-} accounting for the bonding in both compounds. Geometry optimizations of EuTGe (T=Ni, Pt, Pd) show weak energy differences between the two structural types. - Graphical abstract: Cutouts of the [PdGe] and [PtGe] polyanions in the structures of EuPdGe and EuPtGe. Atom designations and some relevant interatomic distances are given.

  18. The allocation of European Union allowances : lessons, unifying themes and general principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchner, Barbara

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On January 1st, 2005, the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) scheme was officially launched, only two years after the European Council adopted the EU Emissions Trading Directive (European Community 2003). As a consequence ...

  19. EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION STUDENT UNION, INC. AT SAN JOS STATE UNIVERSITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Xiao

    EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION STUDENT UNION, INC. AT SAN JOSÉ STATE UNIVERSITY www.union.sjsu.edu One) Telephone ( ) Telephone ( ) Area Code Area Code Email Address Fax ( ) General Information If employed and you are under 18, can you furnish a work permit? Yes No Have you ever been employed here before? Yes

  20. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fluctuations. Electricity generation [TWh/year] EU-25 USA4 . Electricity generation [TWh/year] Japan EU-25 USA EU-25USA Japan Wind Waste Solar Biomass Geothermal Figure 2 Historical pattern of electricity

  1. Research Summary The EU Emissions Trading System: Opportunities for Forests?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is currently the world's largest carbon market. It does not cover carbon sequestration by forests at present. Although the EU ETS does not currently cover forestry carbon sequestration and there is no indication. o Consider potential opportunities associated with the EU ETS and carbon sequestration that may

  2. www.meteoalarm.eu Immediate warnings of dangerous and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    1 www.meteoalarm.eu Immediate warnings of dangerous and extreme weather across all of Europe.meteoalarm.eu Immediate warnings of dangerous and extreme weather across all of Europe on Internet. A cooperative Rain 8 Danger from river flooding 8 Thunderstorms 10 Lightning tips 11 Snow and ice 12 Mist and fog 13

  3. www.meteoalarm.eu Immediate warnings of dangerous and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    1 www.meteoalarm.eu Immediate warnings of dangerous and extreme weather across all of Europe dangers 16 Forest and bush fires 17 Avalanches 18 #12;33 www.meteoalarm.eu The weather knows no boundaries dangerous, both nationally and on a local scale of over 650 regions. Not only are gales, torrential rain

  4. EU Guide v 2d January 20141 Finance Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, Adrià

    EU Guide v 2d January 20141 Finance Division Procurement Services The EU Directives on Public purchasing practice and especially where funders require it as part of their grant conditions. In exceptional Andrew Reid (goods and services) or the Director of Estate Management and Building Services (property

  5. What (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need ? Janvier 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the structurally different economic performances and incentives of small and large countries under the EuropeanWhat (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need ? N° 2007-04 Janvier 2007 Eloi Laurent OFCE-FNSP eloi2014 #12;2 What (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need? * Éloi Laurent (OFCE/FNSP)1 Jacques Le

  6. Japan rejects EU ITER deal 02 February 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    billion (euro 422 million) worth of orders to EU companies and to fund around half the costs this year. The joint project between Japan, the EU, the US, Russia, China and South Korea will see, supported by Russia and China proposes the French town of Cadarache for the development. Meanwhile

  7. United States

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United...

  8. Z:\\Payroll Related\\Misc Payroll Information\\Strand Union Employment Application.doc STRAND UNION EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Z:\\Payroll Related\\Misc Payroll Information\\Strand Union Employment Application.doc STRAND UNION EMPLOYMENT APPLICATION Complete both sides of this application form and return it to The Ask Us Desk OR Room ____Manager Ask Us Desk ____Instructor ____Desk Attendant ____Manager Have you been previously employed

  9. 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. High resolution imaging of the melt distribution in 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    © 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. High resolution imaging of the melt;© 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Abstract We determine the 3-D melt geometry

  10. Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Published on Africa EU (http://www.africa-eu-partnership.org) Home > News > Cameroon axes illegal logging > Printer-friendly Cameroon axes illegal logging 14/05/2010 Cameroon axes illegal logging Illegal and trade of illegal logging. The latest country to sign up to the programme is Cameroon, which completed

  11. United States Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and BatteryUS-EU-JapanCatalysts2-EEnergy4, InUnited States

  12. Antiferromagnetism of perovskite EuZrO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zong Yanhua [Department of Material Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Fujita, Koji, E-mail: fujita@dipole7.kuic.kyoto-u.ac.j [Department of Material Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan); Akamatsu, Hirofumi; Murai, Shunsuke; Tanaka, Katsuhisa [Department of Material Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8510 (Japan)

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Polycrystalline EuZrO{sub 3} has been synthesized by the solid-state reaction between EuO and ZrO{sub 2}, and its structural and magnetic properties have been investigated. Rietveld analysis of the X-ray diffraction pattern indicates that EuZrO{sub 3} crystallizes in an orthorhombic perovskite structure. {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer effect measurement reveals that almost all the europium ions are present as the divalent state and occupy distorted sites with non-axial electric field gradients, in agreement with the orthorhombic structure. In contrast to previous reports, an antiferromagnetic transition was observed around 4.1 K. The magnetic structure below the Neel temperature has been discussed. - Graphical abstract: Perovskite EuZrO{sub 3} with almost all Eu ions present as Eu{sup 2+} has been synthesized and its structure and magnetic properties have been studied. An antiferromagnetic transition was observed around 4.1 K for the first time. The mechanism of the magnetic transition has been discussed.

  13. On the peculiar properties of triangular-chain EuCr{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gondek, ?., E-mail: lgondek@agh.edu.pl [AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków (Poland); Szytu?a, A. [M. Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Kraków (Poland); Przewo?nik, J.; ?ukrowski, J. [AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków (Poland); Prokhorov, A.; Chernush, L.; Zubov, E. [A.A. Galkin Donetsk Physico-Technical Institute, NANU, 83114 Donetsk, R. Luxembourg str. 72 (Ukraine); Dyakonov, V. [A.A. Galkin Donetsk Physico-Technical Institute, NANU, 83114 Donetsk, R. Luxembourg str. 72 (Ukraine); Institute of Physics, PAS, 02-668 Warsaw, Al. Lotników 32/46 (Poland); Duraj, R. [Institute of Physics Technical University of Cracow, Podchorazych 1, 30-084 Krakow (Poland); Tyvanchuk, Yu. [Analytical Chemistry Department, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Kyryla and Mephodiya 6, 79005 Lviv (Ukraine)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we report studies on EuCr{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} compound, that is a member of newly discovered family of huntite-related specimens for non-linear optics. For the first time, the uncommon temperature dependence of the EuCr{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} lattice parameters is reported. Additionally, the magnetism of this compound is extremely interesting. Namely, a possible interplay in between potentially magnetic rare-earth ions and 3d metal stacked within quasi-1D chain that can lead to a great variety of magnetic behaviour. Indeed, in our studies we have found 3D-long range ordering with metamagnetic behaviour, while at higher temperature the magnetic chains become uncoupled. - Graphical abstract: Torsion-like vibrations are the key to understand negative thermal expansion along the a-axis. Display Omitted - Highlights: • EuCr{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} is a peculiar triangular-chain antiferromagnet. • Rare earth sublattice is non-magnetic with Eu{sup 3+} configuration. • Cr{sup 3+} magnetic moments show 1-D behaviour along with spin fluctuations. • Torsion vibrations of Cr triangular tubes lead to anomalous expansion of unit cell.

  14. Optical Probing of metamagnetic phases in epitaxial EuSe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galgano, G. D.; Henriques, A. B. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Bauer, G.; Springholz, G. [Institut fuer Halbleiter und Festkoerperphysik, Johannes Kepler Universitaet Linz, 4040 Linz (Austria)

    2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

    EuSe is a wide gap magnetic semiconductors with a potential for applications in proof-of-concept spintronic devices. When the temperature is lowered, EuSe goes through sharp transitions between a variety of magnetic phases and is thus described as metamagnetic. The purpose of the present investigation is to correlate the magnetic order to the sharp dichroic doublet, discovered recently in high quality thin epitaxial layers of EuSe, grown by molecular beam epitaxy. We report detailed measurements of the doublet positions and intensities as a function of magnetic field in low temperatures, covering several magnetic phases.

  15. Paleoenvironment of Fort Union Formation, South Dakota

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodrum, C.

    1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rocks of Paleocene age are represented in the Cave Hills of northwestern South Dakota by the Ludlow, Cannonball, and Tongue River members of the Fort Union Formation. The Cave Hills are situated within the southern margin of the Williston basin, 80 mi (130 km) north of the Black Hills, South Dakota. Numerous fine-grained, fining-upward sedimentary sequences comprise the Ludlow Member and are attributed to meandering streams occupying a low-gradient lower alluvial to upper deltaic plain. The Cannonball Member is 130 ft (40 m) thick in the North Cave Hills and is represented by two fine-grained, coarsening-upward sandstone mudstone sequences. A distinct vertical succession of sedimentary facies occur within each sequence representing offshore/lower shoreface through upper shoreface/foreshore depositional environment. A north to northeast depositional strike for the Cannonball shoreline is inferred from ripple crest and cross-bed orientations. The basal part of the Tongue River consists of approximately 40 to 50 ft (12 to 15 m) of lenticular sandstone, siltstone, mudstone, thin-bedded lignite, and kaolinite beds representing thin broad channels, point-bar, levee, overbank, and nearshore swamp depositional environments. Massive fluvial channel sandstones measuring several tens of ft in thickness overlie the fine-grained basal Tongue River lithologies. These channel sandstones represent the continued progradation of continental/fluvial/coastal plain depositional environments eastward over the marine sandstones of the Cannonball Member.

  16. SUNCAT: The serials union catalogue for the UK research community 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulligan, Zena

    SUNCAT is the national Serials Union CATalogue for the UK research community and is available at http://www.suncat.ac.uk SUNCAT is a freely available tool to help both researchers and librarians locate serials held in ...

  17. Union Power Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficient Heat Pump Loan Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Union Power Cooperative offers low interest loans to help its residential customers finance new, energy-efficient heat pumps. Interest rates, currently at 9%, will be fixed for the term of the loan...

  18. THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA ACT, 1909

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    THE UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA SOUTH AFRICA ACT, 1909 This Act was passed through both Houses of the Imperial Parliament exactly as it was forwarded after the South African Convention was held

  19. UNDERSTANDING POSTAL PRIVATIZATION: CORPORATIONS, UNIONS AND "THE PUBLIC INTEREST"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 UNDERSTANDING POSTAL PRIVATIZATION: CORPORATIONS, UNIONS AND "THE PUBLIC INTEREST" BY SARAH F Relations Written under the direction of Professor Adrienne Eaton and approved by ___________[Jeffrey Keefe]_____________ ____________[Dorothy Sue Cobble]____________ ____________[Adrienne Eaton]_____________ New Brunswick, New Jersey

  20. June 11, 2009, HSS/Union Task Meeting on 2009 HSS/Union Task Progress - Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of Bad CholesteroliManage Presentation3 DATE: March06-05-09 HSS/Union

  1. Stringency and distribution in the EU ETS: first evidence 41 CLIMATE POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steininger, Karl W.

    Stringency and distribution in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme: first evidence CLAUDIA KETTNER1,2 , ANGELA covered by the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) were compared. Based on data available for 24 Member: climate policy; emissions trading; EU Emissions Trading Scheme A partir des émissions vérifiées pour les

  2. Plug-in electric vehicle introduction in the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sisternes, Fernando J. de $q (Fernando José Sisternes Jiménez)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) could significantly reduce gasoline consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the EU's transport sector. However, PEV well-towheel (WTW) emissions depend on improvements in vehicle ...

  3. Agricultural policies in France: from EU regulation to national design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Agricultural policies in France: from EU regulation to national design Yann Desjeux, Hervé Guyomard.................................................................................2 I.2. Short characteristics of the French agriculture and its strategic problems ...............8.......................................................................................................................13 II. Agricultural market policy (Pillar I

  4. UNIT NUMBER:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    193 UNIT NUMBER: 197 UNIT NAME: CONCRETE RUBBLE PILE (30) REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Outside plant security fence, north of the plant on Big Bayou Creek on private property....

  5. Forschung und EU-Hochschulbro, Technologietransfer Februar 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    .7. Forschungsinfrastrukturen 8 2.7.1. Arbeitsprogramm 2013 ­ Geplante Ausschreibungen 8 2.8. Euratom 9 2.8.1. Nuclear Fission.1.1. EU/BMELV: ICT and Automation for a Greener Agriculture (ERA-NET ICT-AGRI) ­ Vorankündigung 16 6 ­ Entwurf Arbeitsprogramm 2012 19 8.1.2. EU/BMELV: ICT and Automation for a Greener Agriculture (ERA-NET ICT

  6. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue | Department ofThank

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue | Department ofThank7

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue | Department ofThank78

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue | Department

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue | DepartmentDuke-4-E

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  1. United States

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-E Availability: This1-E

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-E Availability:

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-E Availability:3-E

  4. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-E Availability:3-E4-E

  5. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-E

  6. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-ESOCO-4-E Availability:

  7. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-ESOCO-4-E

  8. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-ESOCO-4-ETenaslta Power

  9. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-ESOCO-4-ETenaslta

  10. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-ESOCO-4-ETenasltaBP

  11. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-ESOCO-4-ETenasltaBPCSW

  12. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan WorkingDialogue2-ESOCO-4-ETenasltaBPCSW

  13. United States

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan

  14. Metastable states in InGaN/GaN MQW structures doped with Sm, Eu, and Eu + Sm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mezdrogina, M. M., E-mail: Margaret.M@mail.ioffe.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Kozhanova, Yu. V. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University (Russian Federation)

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the microphotoluminescence (microPL) spectra of InGaN/GaN:Sm and InGaN/GaN:Eu quantum well (QW) structures show that the action of a magnetic field gives rise to Van Vleck paramagnetism for Eu{sup 3+} and Sm{sup 3+}. The macrophotoluminescence (macroPL) spectra recorded after measuring the microPL spectra of InGaN/GaN QW structures doped with Sm or Eu + Sm at a high excitation level (>10{sup 23} photons cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}) in magnetic fields contain no QW emission lines which are present in the macroPL spectra recorded before these microPL measurements. This is indicative of the presence of photoinduced defects. Annealing of the InGaN/GaN:Sm and InGaN/GaN:(Eu + Sm) structures reduces the concentration of photoinduced defects.

  15. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 UNIT NAME C-611 Underaround Diesel Tank REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Immediately southeast of C-611 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 1000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL...

  16. A comparison of the progression on sustainable procurement between England and Scotland following the United Kingdom’s third sustainable development strategy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Caitlin

    In 2005, the United Kingdom published its third sustainable development strategy and simultaneously announced its goal to become a leader in the European Union on sustainable procurement by 2009. Four sustainable development priorities and six key...

  17. Report on the EU-US Environmental Biotechnology Workshop on Microbial Community Dynamics: Cooperation and Competition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, Judy D. [University of Missouri-Columbia

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Workshop on Microbial Community Dynamics: Cooperation and Competition to be held in the fall of 2012 in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, is an initiative of the Environmental Biotechnology Working Group of the EU-US Taskforce on Biotechnology Research, a cooperative program between the European Commission and the United States of America. The activities of the Environmental Biotechnology Working Group have as their goals to provide a forum for early career scientists from the US and EU to meet, to learn cutting edge research in the area of microbial biotechnology from world experts and to set the groundwork for future cooperation and collaboration. Workshop topics will address fundamental physiology and genetics of microbial communities that will contribute to advances in bioremediation, bioenergy conversion and carbon sequestration. Senior scientist participants will be world renowned experts who will present the current status of their fields and forecast research challenges and opportunities. It is a goal of the Environmental Biotechnology Working Group to facilitate the formation of direct collaborations among US and European scientists in programs of mutual interest and benefit. Therefore, the workshop will also provide an opportunity for members of the Working Group and attendees to identify areas where advancement is necessary and plan the steps necessary for realizing future research collaborations. In addition, time will be provided for mentoring of the early career scientists by the senior scientists on an individual basis.

  18. Union Rural Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to: navigation,UnaUnionUnion

  19. Optically induced magnetic polarons in EuTe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henriques, A. B.; Galgano, G. D. [Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318, 05315-970, São Paulo (Brazil); Abramof, E.; Rappl, P. H. O. [LAS - INPE, Av. Dos Astronautas, 1758, 12227-010, São José dos Campos (Brazil)

    2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct measurements of the photoinduced magnetization in EuTe, using a two color pump-and-probe technique, are presented. The photoinduced effect was pumped using photons of above-the-bandgap energy, and detected by the Faraday rotation of a probe beam of energy below-the-bandgap. The photoinduced Faraday rotation changes sign, as expected from our model for the optically induced magnetic polaron. The EuTe spin-flop transition at low fields is also detected as a sharp step in the photoinduced Faraday rotation, and its observation provides additional supports for the photoinduced polaron model.

  20. A look back at Union Carbides FIRST 20 Years in Nuclear Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A look back at Union Carbide's FIRST 20 Years in Nuclear Energy The Y-12 Plant Milestones Note: Union Carbide Nuclear Division, which started out as Carbide and Carbon Chemicals...

  1. @Energy Tweets the State of the Union 2013 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    @Energy Tweets the State of the Union 2013 @Energy Tweets the State of the Union 2013 February 13, 2013 - 3:27pm Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Former Digital Communications...

  2. IMU Activities Tower Application and Contract 1 INDIANA MEMORIAL UNION STUDENT ACTIVITIES TOWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    IMU Activities Tower Application and Contract 1 INDIANA MEMORIAL UNION STUDENT ACTIVITIES TOWER March 21, 2012 Union Board Office- 2nd floor of the IMU Activities Tower ­ room 270 The following Student Activities Tower: Organization Name

  3. Comparative analysis of the life cycle impact assessment of available cement inventories in the EU

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Josa, Alejandro [Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), School of Civil Engineering (ETSECCPB), C/Jordi Girona 1-3 Modul D2/C1, Barcelona 08034 (Spain)]. E-mail: alejandro.josa@upc.edu; Aguado, Antonio [Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), School of Civil Engineering (ETSECCPB), C/Jordi Girona 1-3 Modul D2/C1, Barcelona 08034 (Spain); Cardim, Arnaldo [Civil Engineering Department, Polytechnic School of Penambuco University, Rua Benfica, 455-Madalena, CEP 50.750-410 (Brazil); Byars, Ewan [Centre for Cement and Concrete, Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sir Frederick Mappin Building, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD (United Kingdom)

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) is one of basic steps in life cycle assessment methodology (LCA). This paper presents a comparative study of the LCIA of different life cycle inventories (LCI) for EU cements. The analysis unit used is the manufacture of 1 kg of cement, from 'cradle to gate'. The impact categories considered are those resulting from the manufacture of cement and include greenhouse effects, acidification, eutrophication and summer and winter smog, amongst others. The results of the study highlighted some inconsistencies in existing inventories. As for the LCIA, the main environmental interventions related to cement manufacture were classified and characterised and their effect on different impact categories analysed. Differences observed in evaluation of the impact of cement type were essentially related to their clinker content.

  4. Politics of collective belonging: loyalties in the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGee, Sibel

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    TABLE OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT............................................................................................ iii DEDICATION........................................................................................ iv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS... of identity formation within the EU. In chapter III, I present my case with regard to the prospects of a European identity in the framework of social psychological theories. Even though the symbols and other strategies used by the European policy makers...

  5. EOS, TRANSACTIONS, AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION Geomagnetic data provided by different

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    (from measurements to modeling) in Encyclopedia of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism [Gub- bins geomagnetic variations over a long time and at a given location. Currently, more than 70 countries oper- ateEOS, TRANSACTIONS, AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION Geomagnetic data provided by different platforms

  6. New York State AFL-CIO / CORNELL Union Leadership Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keinan, Alon

    , President Labor Council for Latin American Advancement Gary LaBarbera, President Building & Construction of Collective Bargaining NYS Nurses Association Carol Waaser Acting Executive Director Actors' Equity Association Wendell W. Young, IV, President Local 1776 UFCW NYS AFL-CIO CORNELL/Union Leadership Institute

  7. FrStudentenausderEuropischenUnion VULCANUS IN JAPAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanderson, Yasmine

    FürStudentenausderEuropäischenUnion VULCANUS IN JAPAN WAS IST DAS? Das Programm besteht aus absolvieren: ·ein einwöchiges Seminar über Japan, · einen viermonatigen Japanisch - Intensivkurs, · ein achtmonatiges Praktikum in einem japanischen Unternehmen. Das Programm ,,VULCANUS IN JAPAN" gibt es seit 1997

  8. Energy & Science at the State of the Union Tonight

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When the President begins his third State of the Union address this evening at 9pm EST, several important women and men in the fields of energy, science and technology will be sitting in the Capitol Building alongside First Lady Michelle Obama.

  9. Illegal Drugs Policy Swansea University and Students' Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Illegal Drugs Policy Swansea University and Students' Union #12;Illegal Drugs Policy for Swansea 2. Who is covered by the policy? 3. Aims of the policy 5. What do we mean by illegal drugs? 4 illegal drug use. · Take very seriously our legal duty of care to our students, staff and visitors and aim

  10. 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The 2010 California Research at the Nexus of Air Quality and Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    © 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The 2010 California Research at the Nexus.50331 AcceptedArticle #12;© 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Abstract

  11. Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE PROGRAMME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE session "Reforming the EU" Chair: Dr Luca Rubini, Deputy Director Institute Rubini Reforming European competition law: should the European Commission have

  12. EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry in Gabon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 EU, CHINA AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGE IN AFRICA A case study from timber industry: .....................................................................................................................................................2 Part I: The EU, China and the external environmental dimension....................................................................3 1.1 China as a competitor normative power in the environmental sector

  13. Enlargement and the EU Periphery: The Impact of Changing Market Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    proximate to the new accession countries than in "interior" EU regions. We also find that a future Balkans through which EU enlargement may affect the economies of Western Europe: increased specialisation

  14. ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS FOR A CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE, SEPTEMBER 8-9, 2014 ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL...

  15. The Political Economy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swinnen, Johan

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Economy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU JohanEconomy of Agri-Environmental Policies in the EU Johan F.M.changes” Agri-environmental policies are only fraction of

  16. How EU Agri-Environmental Policy Might Have Differed Under Various WTO Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swinbank, Alan

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    No. 12 How EU Agri-Environmental Policy Might Have DifferedEconomy of Agri-environmental Policies in the U.S. and the2005 How EU agri-environmental policy might have differed

  17. UNIT NUMBER

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 C-750B Diesel UST UNIT NAME REGULATORY STATUS: AOC LOCATION: Southeast corner of C-750 APPROXIMATE DIMENSIONS: 10,000 gallon FUNCTION: Diesel storage OPERATIONAL STATUS: Removed...

  18. CITY COUNCIL ORDINANCE NUMBER # -09 ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF UNION CITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    potential in Union City is moderate. These local features contribute to the Bay Area's status#12;#12;CITY COUNCIL ORDINANCE NUMBER # -09 ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF UNION CITY BUILDING AND LANDSCAPING REQUIREMENTS FOR PUBLICLY FUNDED PROJECTS THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF UNION

  19. The EU Emission Trading Scheme Insights from the First Trading Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steininger, Karl W.

    observed in the Kyoto period. Price development in the EU ETS is mainly driven by the perceived stringency

  20. Factors Affecting Strategic Choices of the European Union Maritime Shipping Industry: Pre and Post European Union Anti-Trust Exemption 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Samuel R.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    2008, the Exemption Block, created by regulation 4056-86, was repealed. The landscape of the pre-exemption (pre-1986) EU shipping industry changed after the exemption, allowing anti-competitive techniques to be used. In theory this was to help...

  1. Forschung und EU-Hochschulbro, Technologietransfer September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    Nachwuchswissenschaftler/innen 4 1.2. LEIT: Information and communication technologies 4 1.2.1. Öffentliche Konsultation zu Programme Chemical Biology of Native Nucleic Acid Modifications (SPP 1784) 13 4.1.4. Volkswagen.1.8. NIH: Research Grants 16 5. Umweltwissenschaften und Energie 16 5.1.1. EU/KIC InnoEnergy: Call

  2. Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China Claire Gavard, Niven Winchester and Sergey established research centers at MIT: the Center for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy analysis need to be related to the economic, technological, and political forces that drive emissions

  3. EU signs ITER deal Negotiations on the ITER international nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korea and the US, the agreement aims to develop a project that will test the feasibility of nuclearEU signs ITER deal Negotiations on the ITER international nuclear fusion project have been on Wednesday reached a final agreement on the ITER project after years of talks. "The completion

  4. Transitioning Applications to Ontologies http://www.tao-project.eu/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    Transitioning Applications to Ontologies http://www.tao-project.eu/ GOAL Define a low-cost route) in aerospace and automotive industries òSoftware applications maintenance and user support ñOther areas existing application documentation (specifications, UML diagrams, code documentation, software manuals

  5. Transitioning Applications to Ontologies http://www.tao-project.eu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    Transitioning Applications to Ontologies http://www.tao-project.eu TAO Transitioning Applications to Ontologies The goal of the TAO project is to define a low-cost route to transitioning legacy systems will be validated in two high-profile case studies: a comprehensive open source platform (with thousands of users

  6. Mossbauer studies of 151 Eu in europium oxalate,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Dominic

    Mo¨ssbauer studies of 151 Eu in europium oxalate, europium bissalen ammonium and europium benzoate of europium water insoluble chelates have been prepared for several decades, the covalent nature temperatures (qD) of three europium chelates: namely europium oxalate, europium bissalen ammonium (recently

  7. americana brasil eua: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: Union Allowances (EUAs), valid for compliance under the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is to...

  8. Sorption of Eu(III) on Attapulgite Studied by Batch, XPS and EXAFS Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , the sorption of Eu(III) at the solid-water interface is important for the performance assessment of nuclear and absence of fulvic acid (FA) and humic acid (HA). The results indicated that the sorption of Eu. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis of Eu-HA complexes indicated that the distances

  9. Call for expression of interest EU-Brazil Technology and Innovation Forum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Call for expression of interest EU-Brazil Technology and Innovation Forum Participation to B2B targeting research and innovation actors. Among them, this year the EU-Brazil Technology and Innovation and Innovation Forum The EU-Brazil Technology and Innovation Forum is organized by the B.BICE+ consortium

  10. Copyright reform on the EU level European Network for Copyright in support of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Copyright reform on the EU level European Network for Copyright in support of Education and Budapest Business School #12;Copyright reform on the EU level What can science and education expect from a copyright reform on the EU level? Rainer Kuhlen University of Konstanz, HumboldtUniversity Berlin, IPR

  11. EU BIOFUEL USE AND AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY PRICES: A REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE BASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EU BIOFUEL USE AND AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY PRICES: A REVIEW OF THE EVIDENCE BASE Report prepared: Kretschmer, B, Bowyer, C and Buckwell, A (2012) EU Biofuel Use and Agricultural Commodity Prices: A Review............................................................................................................. 8 2 EU POLICY DRIVING BIOFUELS DEMAND AND OUTLOOK FOR THIS DEMAND TO 2020. 9 2.1 What is the current

  12. Issue No. 13 of 2 July 2010 The EU bans illegal timber and timber products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Issue No. 13 of 2 July 2010 The EU bans illegal timber and timber products On 16 June 2010, the EU Parliament and the EU Council reached an agreement on the ban of illegally-logged or illegally-sourced timber in October 2008. Illegal logging is defined as the harvest, processing or trading of timber in violation

  13. Oxygen off-stoichiometry and phase separation in EuO thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altendorf, S. G.; Efimenko, A.; Oliana, V. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, DE-50937 Koeln (Germany); Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Noethnitzerstr. 40, DE-01187 Dresden (Germany); Kierspel, H. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, DE-50937 Koeln (Germany); Rata, A. D.; Tjeng, L. H. [Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Noethnitzerstr. 40, DE-01187 Dresden (Germany)

    2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on our study on the influence of the growth conditions on the europium/oxygen stoichiometry, morphology, magnetic properties, and electrical conductivity of EuO thin films. SQUID magnetometry and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were utilized as complementary techniques to determine the oxygen content of EuO{sub 1{+-}x} thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy with and without the employment of the so-called Eu distillation process. We found indications for phase separation to occur in Eu-rich as well as in over-oxidized EuO for films grown at substrate temperatures below the Eu distillation temperature. Only a fraction of the excess Eu contributes to the metal-insulator transition in Eu-rich films grown under these conditions. We also observed that the surfaces of these films were ill defined and may even contain more Eu excess than the film average. Only EuO films grown under distillation conditions are guaranteed to have the same magnetic and electrical properties as stoichiometric bulk EuO, and to have surfaces with the proper Eu/O stoichiometry and electronic structure.

  14. Soviet America: Popular Responses to the United States in Post-World War II Soviet Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avramov, Konstantin

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    society, often touching on frequently conformist nature of Soviet public opinion (in line with my findings). More recently, Denis Kozlov and Karl Loewenstein produced highly informative and insightful works where they showed Soviet public’s increased... War rival. The post-World War II period of Soviet history has enjoyed increased scholarly attention in the last ten years. Elena Zubkova’s pioneering book brought forth a number of social issues such as crime, poverty, demographics...

  15. Guodian United Power Technology Co Ltd formerly Guodian Union Power | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms A SUKHydrogenGuascor Geratec LtdaEnergy

  16. ITER: Japan to assign 20 percent of construction work to EU firms; Proposal for EU official to assume chief executive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Experimental Reactor (ITER). Japan yesterday revealed the details of a proposal to host the project. Tokyo has, Japan bears half price even with construction inside the EU limits of the accessory structures prospect. The experimental device in order ITER generates electricity, reproducing the fusion reaction

  17. United States Government Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen7/05 TUEk08-93) United

  18. U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    "The aim of strengthening growth and competitiveness, creating jobs and boosting productivity through innovation, lies at the heart of both the European economic agenda and of...

  19. U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and agreed to support innovation in areas such as health-related industries, nanotechnology and automotives. Participants further discussed a range of other critical economic...

  20. U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost Jobs, Growth

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sureReportsofDepartmentSeries | Department of EnergyU.S.Solarand

  1. December 4, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting on 2008 HSS/Union Topical Wrap Up - Union Lead Action Priorities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197 This workDayton: ENERGY8 Deaerators3 SEABTopicalUNION

  2. FRAMEWORK GEOLOGY OF FORT UNION COAL IN THE WILLISTON BASIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter WF FRAMEWORK GEOLOGY OF FORT UNION COAL IN THE WILLISTON BASIN By R.M. Flores,1 C.W. Keighin,1 A.M. Ochs,2 P.D. Warwick,1 L.R. Bader,1 and E.C. Murphy3 in U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1625-A 1 U.S. Geological Survey 2 Consultant, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado 3 North

  3. Rotary union for use with ultrasonic thickness measuring probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nachbar, H.D.

    1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A rotary union for rotatably supporting an ultrasonic probe operable to nondestructively measure the thickness of steam generator tubes to determine the amount of corrosion experienced by the tubes includes a stationary body having a bore therethrough and an outlet drain, and a fitting rotatably mounted within the upper end of the body. The fitting has a bore aligned with the bore of the body. An electrical cable positioned within a water supply tube in an annular arrangement passes through the bore of the body and the bore of the fitting. This annular arrangement, in turn, is positioned within a connector element which extends outwardly from the fitting bore and is connected to the ultrasonic probe. An elastomeric lower bushing seals the annular arrangement to the lower end of the rotary union body and an elastomeric upper bushing seals the connector element to the fitting to permit the connector element and the ultrasonic probe connected thereto to rotate with the fitting relative to the body. The lower and upper bushings permit water to be passed through the annular arrangement and into the ultrasonic probe and thereafter discharged between the annular arrangement and the connector element to the outlet drain of the rotary union body. 5 figs.

  4. Seeking the optimal LaTaO{sub 4}:Eu phosphor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bleier, Grant C. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States); Nyman, May, E-mail: mdnyman@sandia.gov [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States); Rohwer, Lauren E.S.; Rodriguez, Mark A. [Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 5800, Albuquerque, NM 87185 (United States)

    2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanthanum orthotantalate, LaTaO{sub 4}, is an excellent host lattice for rare-earth luminescent ions such as Eu{sup 3+} for red emission. However, there are multiple RETaO{sub 4} (RE=rare earth) polymorphs, and the stability of these is controlled predominantly by the RE-radius. Thus it is difficult to obtain a pure phase of LaTaO{sub 4}:Eu as Eu concentration and consequently the RE radius is varied. We recently reported a 'soft-chemical' route that allows crystallization of pure-phase LaTaO{sub 4}:Eu at temperatures as low as 800 Degree-Sign C. In the current report, we investigate polymorph evolution and Eu emission as a function of Eu concentration and annealing temperature. We obtain a maximum quantum yield (QY) of 83% at the highest Eu substitution (25%) for which the low temperature orthorhombic (Pbca) polymorph is stable. Therefore, QY is not limited necessarily by concentration quenching; rather it is limited by polymorph stability as the RE-radius decreases with increasing Eu substitution. - Graphical Abstract: Eu-substituted lanthanum orthotantalates, LaTaO{sub 4}:Eu, are excellent red phosphors. They exhibit up to 83% quantum-yield emission under blue light excitation, optimized through both 'soft chemical processing' and polymorph purity. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer LaTaO{sub 4}:Eu phosphors were synthesized via 'soft-chemical' and solid-state routes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Quantum-yield of Eu emission depends on host polymorph, which changes with La:Eu ratio. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Polymorph with optimal Eu-emission is only obtained by 'soft-chemistry'.

  5. EuTZn (T=Pd, Pt, Au) with TiNiSi-type structure-Magnetic properties and {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishra, Trinath; Hermes, Wilfried; Harmening, Thomas; Eul, Matthias [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie and NRW Graduate School of Chemistry, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149 Muenster (Germany); Poettgen, Rainer, E-mail: pottgen@uni-muenster.d [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie and NRW Graduate School of Chemistry, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 30, 48149 Muenster (Germany)

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The europium compounds EuTZn (T=Pd, Pt, Au) were synthesized from the elements in sealed tantalum tubes in an induction furnace. These intermetallics crystallize with the orthorhombic TiNiSi-type structure, space group Pnma. The structures were investigated by X-ray diffraction on powders and single crystals: a=732.3(2), b=448.5(2), c=787.7(2) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0400/0.0594, 565 F{sup 2} values for EuPdZn, a=727.8(3), b=443.7(1), c=781.7(3) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0605/0.0866, 573 F{sup 2} values for EuPtZn, and a=747.4(2), b=465.8(2), c=789.1(4) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0351/0.0590, 658 F{sup 2} values for EuAuZn, with 20 variables per refinement. Together the T and zinc atoms build up three-dimensional [TZn] networks with short T-Zn distances. The EuTZn compounds show Curie-Weiss behavior in the temperature range from 75 to 300 K with mu{sub eff}=7.97(1), 7.70(1), and 7.94(1) mu{sub B}/Eu atom and theta{sub P}=18.6(1), 34.9(1), and 55.5(1) K for T=Pd, Pt, and Au, respectively, indicating divalent europium. Antiferromagntic ordering was detected at 15.1(3) K for EuPdZn and canted ferromagnetic ordering at 21.2(3) and 51.1(3) K for EuPtZn and EuAuZn. {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectroscopic measurements confirm the divalent nature of the europium atoms by isomer shift values ranging from -8.22(8) (EuPtZn) to -9.23(2) mm/s (EuAuZn). At 4.2 K full magnetic hyperfine field splitting is observed in all three compounds due to magnetic ordering of the europium magnetic moments. - Graphical abstract: Europium coordination in EuPdZn, EuPtZn, and EuAuZn.

  6. Factors Affecting Strategic Choices of the European Union Maritime Shipping Industry: Pre and Post European Union Anti-Trust Exemption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Samuel R.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Research Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by SAMUEL HENDERSON FACTORS AFFECTING THE STRATEGIC CHOICES OF THE EUROPEAN UNION... of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by SAMUEL HENDERSON iii ABSTRACT Factors Affecting the Strategic Choices...

  7. Radioactive contamination of SrI2(Eu) crystal scintillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belli, P; Cerulli, R; Danevich, F A; Galenin, E; Gektin, A; Incicchitti, A; Isaienko, V; Kobychev, V V; Laubenstein, M; Nagorny, S S; Podviyanuk, R B; Tkachenko, S; Tretyak, V I

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A strontium iodide crystal doped by europium (SrI2(Eu)) was produced by using the Stockbarger growth technique. The crystal was subjected to characterisation that included relative photoelectron output and energy resolution for gamma quanta. The intrinsic radioactivity of SrI2(Eu) crystal scintillator was tested both in scintillation mode and by using ultra-low background HPGe gamma spectrometry deep underground. The response of the SrI2(Eu) detector to alpha particles (alpha/beta ratio and pulse shape) was estimated by analysing the 226Ra trace contamination internal to the crystal. We have found alpha/beta=0.55 and no difference in scintillation decay for alpha particles and gamma quanta. The application of the obtained results in the search for the double electron capture and electron capture with positron emission in 84Sr has been investigated at a level of sensitivity T_1/2 \\sim 10^15-10^16 yr. The results of these studies demonstrate the potentiality of this material for a variety of scintillation appli...

  8. Remarks on behalf of the United States Government by Dr. Raymond L. Orbach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remarks on behalf of the United States Government by Dr. Raymond L. Orbach Director, Office will formally agree that the ITER test facility will be located at the EU site in Cadarache, thereby resolving demonstration in 35 years with the capability to demonstrate economic electricity on the grid. Third, the DOE

  9. Planning for a Sustainable Future of the Cincinnati Union Terminal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cincinnati Museum Center invited a number of local stakeholders, political leaders, nationally and internationally recognized design professionals and the Design Team, that has been engaged to help shape the future of this remarkable resource, to work together in a Workshop that would begin to shape a truly sustainable future for both the Museum and its home, the Union Terminal, one of the most significant buildings in America. This report summarizes and highlights the discussions that took place during the Workshop and presents recommendations for shaping a direction and a framework for the future.

  10. West Union, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwideWTED JumpHills, New York:Springfield, Massachusetts:Union, New

  11. West Union, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwideWTED JumpHills, New York:Springfield, Massachusetts:Union,

  12. International Union for Conservation of Nature | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInterias Solar Energy Jump to:IES JumpUnion for Conservation of Nature

  13. City of Union City, Tennessee (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCity of Spencer,City ofTroy,City of Union City,

  14. City of Union, South Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationin UrbanCity ofCity of Spencer,City ofTroy,City of Union City,City

  15. The City of Union City | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f <MaintainedInformation 2EnergyCity of Union City Jump to:

  16. Clay-Union Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png El CER esDatasetCity ofClark Energy Coop IncClay-Union

  17. Union County Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to: navigation,Una AUnicornUnion

  18. Union Light, Heat & Power Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt Management AG UMaAG Jump to: navigation,UnaUnion

  19. Union Hill-Novelty Hill, Washington: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle AirshipsUnalakleet4888°, -77.0564464°Union

  20. Union Parish, Louisiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle AirshipsUnalakleet4888°, -77.0564464°Union48122°,

  1. A look back at Union Carbides FIRST 20 Years in Nuclear Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Y-12 Plant Note: Union Carbide Nuclear Division, which started out as Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Company, operated the Atomic Energy CommissionEnergy Research and...

  2. Growth and characterization of Sc-doped EuO thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altendorf, S. G.; Reisner, A.; Chang, C. F.; Hollmann, N.; Rata, A. D.; Tjeng, L. H. [Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Nöthnitzer Str. 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)

    2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The preparation of 3d-transition metal-doped EuO thin films by molecular beam epitaxy is investigated using the example of Sc doping. The Sc-doped EuO samples display a good crystalline structure, despite the relatively small ionic radius of the dopant. The Sc doping leads to an enhancement of the Curie temperature to up to 125?K, remarkably similar to previous observations on lanthanide-doped EuO.

  3. Optical and structural stability of blue SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komatsu, Keiji, E-mail: Keiji_Komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Material Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Nakamura, Atsushi [Department of Material Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Chubu Chelest Co. Ltd., 3-3-3 Hinagahigashi, Yokkaichi, Mie 510-0886 (Japan); Ohshio, Shigeo; Toda, Ikumi; Muramatsu, Hiroyuki; Saitoh, Hidetoshi [Department of Material Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical stability of 6-coodinated SrO is a fundamental problem when this is used for various applications. In this study, optical and chemical stabilities of 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor were investigated. SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor was synthesized from thermal treatment of SrO:Eu powder located on a single crystalline MgO at 1500° C under reduction atmosphere. Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence and chemical stability in distilled water for 3 days. Our findings prove that obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} possesses relative optical and chemical stabilities in water. - Graphical abstract: Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence in distilled water. Highlights: • We investigated optical and chemical stabilities of 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor in water. • Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence and chemical stability in distilled water for 3 days. • We found that the 8-coodrodinated SrO crystal structure changed to SrCO{sub 3} crystal structure after the 5 days immersion. • The obtained SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor possesses high chemical stability under water, compared with commercial (6-coordinated) SrO.

  4. A facile method for the preparation of Eu{sup 2+}-doped nanocrystalline BaFCl

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Xianglei; Liu, Zhiqiang [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, The University of New South Wales, UNSW Canberra (ADFA), Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia); Stevens-Kalceff, Marion A. [School of Physics and Electron Microscope Unit, Mark Wainwright Analytical Centre, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052 (Australia); Riesen, Hans, E-mail: h.riesen@adfa.edu.au [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, The University of New South Wales, UNSW Canberra (ADFA), Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • A facile co-precipitation method for the preparation of Eu{sup 2+}-doped BaFCl. • Reduction of Eu{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} by zinc granular under nitrogen flow. • Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence spectroscopy of the as-prepared BaFCl:Eu{sup 2+}. • Temperature dependent photoluminescence properties of Eu{sup 2+} ions in BaFCl. - Abstract: A facile method for the preparation of Eu{sup 2+}-doped BaFCl is reported. The method is based on the co-precipitation of aqueous solutions of BaCl{sub 2} and NH{sub 4}F to yield BaFCl. The doping by europium in the 2+ oxidation state is realized by the reduction of Eu{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} employing granular zinc in the BaCl{sub 2} solution under nitrogen. Powder X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy have been used to confirm the BaFCl phase and photoluminescence, in the temperature range of 2.5–290 K, and room-temperature cathodoluminescence spectra have been measured to characterize the Eu{sup 2+} ions in the sample.

  5. Eu(III) Complexes of Octadentate 1-Hydroxy-2-pyridinones: Stability and Improved Photophysical Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Evan G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1,2-HOPO) 2 ] ? , which lack a water molecule in the innerEu(III) complexes that lack a water molecule in their inner

  6. OUT OF EGYPT: Globalisation, marginalisation and illegal Muslim migration to the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talani, Leila Simona

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    marginalisation and illegal Muslim migration to the EU: Drbased in Cairo working on illegal migration from the Middleunderstand the problem of illegal migration in the context

  7. AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapersWindeySanta2004) |Agawam,Ahmeek,Wisconsin: EnergyAirAirShares EU

  8. US-EU-Japan Working Group on Critical Materials

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel forShale_Gas.pdfUS-EU-Japan Working Group on

  9. Fiscal Year 2008 Phased Construction Completion Report for EU Z2-33 in Zone 2, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Jacobs

    2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The Record of Decision for Soil, Buried Waste, and Subsurface Structure Actions in Zone 2, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOE/OR/01-2161&D2) (Zone 2 ROD) acknowledged that most of the 800 acres in Zone 2 were contaminated, but that sufficient data to confirm the levels of contamination were lacking. The Zone 2 ROD further specified that a sampling strategy for filling the data gaps would be developed. The Remedial Design Report/Remedial Action Work Plan for Zone 2 Soils, Slabs, and Subsurface Structures, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOE/OR/01-2224&D3) (Zone 2 RDR/RAWP) defined the sampling strategy as the Dynamic Verification Strategy (DVS), generally following the approach used for characterization of the Zone 1 exposure units (EUs). The Zone 2 ROD divided the Zone 2 area into seven geographic areas and 44 EUs. To facilitate the data quality objectives (DQOs) of the DVS process, the Zone 2 RDR/RAWP regrouped the 44 EUs into 12 DQO scoping EU groups. These groups facilitated the DQO process by placing similar facilities and their support facilities together and allowing identification of data gaps. The EU groups were no longer pertinent after DQO planning was completed and characterization was conducted as areas became accessible. As the opportunity to complete characterization became available, the planned DVS program and remedial actions (RAs) were completed for EU Z2-33. Remedial action was also performed at two additional areas in adjacent EU Z2-42 because of their close proximity and similar nature to a small surface soil RA in EU Z2-33. Remedial actions for building slabs performed in EU Z2-33 during fiscal year (FY) 2007 were reported in the Fiscal Year 2007 Phased Construction Completion Report for the Zone 2 Soils, Slabs, and Subsurface Structures at East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOE/OR/01-2723&D1). Recommended RAs for EU Z2-42 were described in the Fiscal Year 2006 Phased Construction Completion Report for the Zone 2 Soils, Slabs, and Subsurface Structures at East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOE/OR/01-2317&D2). Remedial actions performed in the Balance of Site (BOS) Laboratory Area of EU Z2-33 and two small areas in EU Z2-42 are described in Sects. 5 through 10 of this Phased Construction Completion Report (PCCR). The purpose of this PCCR is to address the following: (1) Document DVS characterization results for EU Z2-33; (2) Describe and document the risk evaluation and determine if the EU meets the Zone 2 ROD requirements for unrestricted industrial use to 10 ft bgs; (3) Identify additional areas not defined in the Zone 2 ROD that require remediation based on the DVS evaluation results; and (4) Describe RAs performed in the EU Z2-33 BOS Laboratory Area and two small areas in EU Z2-42. Approximately 18 acres in EU Z2-33 are addressed in this PCCR. Based on the results of the DVS evaluation and RAs performed, all 18 acres are recommended for unrestricted industrial use to 10 ft bgs. Three Federal Facility Agreement sites are addressed and recommended for no further action within this acreage, including: (1) K-1004-L Recirculating Cooling Water Lines Leak Sites; (2) K-1044 Heavy Equipment Repair Shop; and (3) K-1015-A Laundry Pit. Remedial actions for EU Z2-33 were developed in response to DVS characterization results described in the EU Z2-33 Technical Memorandum (Appendix A) and to support reindustrialization of the East Tennessee Technology Park as a commercial industrial park. Remediation criteria were designed for the protection of a future industrial worker who normally would not have the potential for exposure to soil below 10ft bgs. Accordingly, the Zone 2 ROD required land use controls to prevent disturbance of soils below 10 ft deep and to restrict future land use to industrial/commercial activities. In response to stakeholder comments, the U.S. Department of Energy agreed to re-evaluate the need for such land use restrictions. This document includes a screening evaluation to determine the likel

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings...

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total...

  14. Overview of EU activities on DEMO liquid metal breeder blanket

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giancarli, L.; Proust, E. [DRN/DMT/SERMA, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Benamati, G. [CRE Brasimone, Camugnano (Italy)] [and others

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The European test-blanket development programme, started in 1988, is aiming at the selection by 1995 of two DEMO-relevant blanket lines to be tested in ITER. At present, four lines of blanket are under development, two of them using solid and the other two liquid breeder materials. As far as liquid breeders are concerned, two lines of blankets have been selected within the European Union, the water-cooled lithium-lead (the eutectic Pb-17Li) blankets and the dual-coolant Pb-17Li blankets. Designs have been developed considering an agreed set of DEMO specifications, such as, for instance, a fusion power of 2,200 MW, a neutron wall-loading of 2MW/m{sup 2}, a life-time of 20,000 hours, and the use of martensitic steel as a structural material. Moreover, an experimental program has been set up in order to address the main critical issues for each line. The present paper gives an overview of both design and experimental activities within the European Union concerning these two lines of liquid breeder blankets.

  15. Augmented gravity model: An empirical application to Mercosur-European Union trade flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    DB Nr. 77 Augmented gravity model: An empirical application to Mercosur-European Union trade flows Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso Felicitas Nowak-Lehmann D. Abstract This paper applies the gravity trade model to assess Mercosur-European Union trade, and trade potential following the agreements reached recently

  16. Constitution of the Interactive Arts and Technology Student Union of the Simon Fraser Student Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constitution of the Interactive Arts and Technology Student Union of the Simon Fraser Student Society May 12, 2010 Article 1 ­ Name The name of the Union shall be the "Interactive Arts and Technology of Interactive Arts and Technology, the University, the Simon Fraser Student Society (hereinafter referred

  17. Interactive Arts and Technology Student Union Room 245, Simon Fraser University Surrey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Interactive Arts and Technology Student Union Room 245, Simon Fraser University Surrey 2400 Central, For some time now, members of the Executive of the Interactive Arts and Technology Student Union (IATSU on our campus who are not Interactive Arts and Technology students. We have considered several

  18. Exchange Rate Misalignments, Fiscal Federalism and Redistribution: How to Adjust in a Monetary Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Union Preliminary draft Vincent Duwicquet Jacques Mazier Jamel Saadaoui 9th Euroframe Conference, jamelsaadaoui@gmail.com. 1 halshs-00848886,version1-29Jul2013 Author manuscript, published in "9th Euroframe Conference on Economic Policy Issues in the European Union, Kiel : Germany (2012)" #12;1 Introduction

  19. A Union Bound Approximation for Rapid Performance Evaluation of Punctured Turbo Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    A Union Bound Approximation for Rapid Performance Evaluation of Punctured Turbo Codes Ioannis a simple technique to approximate the performance union bound of a punctured turbo code. The bound to calculate the most significant terms of the transfer function of a turbo encoder. We demonstrate that

  20. IMU Activities Tower Application and Contract 1 Indiana Memorial Union, Room 270

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    IMU Activities Tower Application and Contract 1 Indiana Memorial Union, Room 270 Bloomington space in the Student Activities Tower of the Indiana Memorial Union to student organizations registered Board office--located on the second floor of the Student Activities Tower-- IMU Room 270. Even if you

  1. Termination unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Traeholt, Chresten [Frederiksberg, DK; Willen, Dag [Klagshamn, SE; Roden, Mark [Newnan, GA; Tolbert, Jerry C [Carrollton, GA; Lindsay, David [Carrollton, GA; Fisher, Paul W [Heiskell, TN; Nielsen, Carsten Thidemann [Jaegerspris, DK

    2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to a termination unit comprising an end-section of a cable. The end section of the cable defines a central longitudinal axis and comprising end-parts of N electrical phases, an end-part of a neutral conductor and a surrounding thermally insulation envelope adapted to comprising a cooling fluid. The end-parts of the N electrical phases and the end-part of the neutral conductor each comprising at least one electrical conductor and being arranged in the cable concentrically around a core former with a phase 1 located relatively innermost, and phase N relatively outermost in the cable, phase N being surrounded by the neutral conductor, electrical insulation being arrange between neighboring electrical phases and between phase N and the neutral conductor, and wherein the end-parts of the neutral conductor and the electrical phases each comprise a contacting surface electrically connected to at least one branch current lead to provide an electrical connection: The contacting surfaces each having a longitudinal extension, and being located sequentially along the longitudinal extension of the end-section of the cable. The branch current leads being individually insulated from said thermally insulation envelope by individual electrical insulators.

  2. Europium location in the AlN: Eu green phosphor prepared by a gas-reduction-nitridation route

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin Liangjun; Zhu Qiangqiang; Yu Wei; Hao Luyuan; Xu Xin [Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China); Hu Fengchun [National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Hefei 230026 (China); Lee, Ming-Hsien [Department of Physics, Tamkang University, Tamsui, Taipei 251, Taiwan (China)

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eu doped aluminum nitride phosphors were successfully synthesized by a novel gas-reduction-nitridation route with a reaction temperature of 1400 deg. C and a soaking time of 3 h. The obtained AlN:Eu phosphors were analyzed to elucidate the location of the Eu luminescent center. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectra proved that Eu was located in the crystal lattice of AlN, then EXAFS revealed that Eu occupied a highly distorted Al site coordinated by four nitrogen at about 2.30-2.40 Angst , and the second nearest neighbors of Eu were 12 Al. This could be confirmed by the first-principles calculations based on the obtained local structure around the Eu luminescence center, where the theoretical absorption spectrum was similar to the experimental excitation spectrum. X-ray appearance near edge structure showed that Eu existed in terms of both Eu{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 2+} ions, which could be related to the limited location space of Eu. High temperature treatment could significantly increase the amount of Eu{sup 2+} by the expansion of the crystal lattice, leading to an increased green luminescence of the obtained AlN:Eu phosphors.

  3. SrAgZn and EuAgZn with KHg{sub 2}-type structure—Structure, magnetic properties, and {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerke, Birgit; Rodewald, Ute Ch.; Niehaus, Oliver; Pöttgen, Rainer, E-mail: pottgen@uni-muenster.de

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Samples of SrAgZn and EuAgZn were synthesized by reaction of the elements in sealed tantalum crucibles. Both structures were refined on the basis of single crystal X-ray diffractometer data: KHg{sub 2}-type, Imma, a=476.7(1), b=780.9(2), c=810.1(2) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0189/0.0119, 381 F² values for SrAg{sub 1.12}Zn{sub 0.88} and a=474.43(9), b=760.8(2), c=799.0(2) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0226/0.0483, 370 F² values for EuAg{sub 1.17}Zn{sub 0.83} with 13 variables per refinement. Silver and zinc are randomly distributed on the Hg position and build up three-dimensional networks. EuAgZn shows ferromagnetic ordering at 29(1) K. In the temperature range from 75 to 300 K the sample shows Curie–Weiss behaviour with ?{sub eff}=7.87(1) ?{sub B}/Eu atom and ?{sub P}=37.1(1) K, indicating divalent europium. {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopic measurements confirmed the divalent state with an isomer shift of ?9.31 mm/s at 78 K. Temperature dependent {sup 151}Eu data show first magnetic hyperfine field splitting at 25 K and a saturated magnetization of 17 T at 5.2 K. The temperature dependence can be described by an S=7/2 Brillouin function. - Graphical abstract: The near neighbor coordination of the strontium and europium atoms in SrAg{sub 1.12}Zn{sub 0.88}, EuAg{sub 1.17}Zn{sub 0.83}, and EuAuZn. - Highlights: • Synthesis of new intermetallic zinc compounds SrAgZn and EuAgZn. • Ferromagnetic ordering of EuAgZn at 29 K. • Magnetic hyperfine field splitting in the {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectrum.

  4. The Politicisation of Trade Unionism: The Case of Labour/NCNC Alliance in Nigeria, 1940-1960

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ajayi, Rotimi

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1987. "Trade Unionism in Nigeria: Challenges for the 2 1stin Trade Unionism in Nigeria: Challenges for the 21stlabour organisation in Nigeria. It was headed by T.A.

  5. Vacation Donation Contribution Refer to the Administrative Policy: Vacation Donation Program for Civil Service and Union-Represented Staff at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    for Civil Service and Union-Represented Staff at http://www.policy.umn.edu/Policies/hr/Leaves/VACATIONDONATION.html and corresponding Procedure: Requesting/Donating Paid Leave for Civil Service/Union-Represented Staff at http

  6. A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within theEU's Emissions Trading Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    A bottom-up analysis of including aviation within theEU's Emissions Trading Scheme Alice Bows-up analysis of including aviation within the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme Alice Bows & Kevin Anderson Tyndall's emissions trading scheme. Results indicate that unless the scheme adopts both an early baseline year

  7. Detailed search S&T key figures reveal China breathing down EU's neck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , revealing stagnation in research and development (R&D) investment in the EU, which Science and Research in the proportion of GDP that it spends on research) was around 0.7 per cent between 2000 and 2003. 'If this trend at the Barcelona European Council to raise R&D spending to 3 per cent of EU GDP by 2010. Yet according

  8. THE EU-AFRICA ENERGY COOPERATION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUSINESSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    multilateral and bilateral energy relationships with Africa. There are three EU-Africa energy initiativesTHE EU-AFRICA ENERGY COOPERATION: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BUSINESSESD Candidate Energy security, sustainable development and mutual benefits are the three keywords

  9. CARBON LEAKAGE AND CAPACITY-BASED ALLOCATIONS. IS THE EU RIGHT?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , California, China, India, New Zealand...). The EU implemented its ETS in 2005 and has signicantly revised Organization (Wooders and Cosbey, 2010). The main approach to circumvent this political constraint relies in Australia if the new majority does not repeal the Clean Energy Future legislation). The EU has followed

  10. Volume 1, Issue 2 2009 Article 5 Effectiveness of Poverty Reduction in the EU: A Descriptive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    Volume 1, Issue 2 · 2009 · Article 5 Effectiveness of Poverty Reduction in the EU: A Descriptive Organization Caminada, Koen and Goudswaard, Kees (2009) "Effectiveness of Poverty Reduction in the EU: A Descriptive Analysis," Poverty & Public Policy: Vol. 1: Iss. 2, Article 5. Available at: http

  11. Carbon leakage and competitiveness of cement and steel industries under the EU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    No 53-2013 Carbon leakage and competitiveness of cement and steel industries under the EU ETS: much2014 #12;Carbon leakage and competitiveness of cement and steel industries under the EU ETS: much ado about nothing Abstract In a world of uneven climate policies, concerns about carbon leakage

  12. NO-assisted molecular-beam epitaxial growth of nitrogen substituted EuO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wicks, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Altendorf, S. G.; Caspers, C.; Kierspel, H.; Sutarto, R. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany); Tjeng, L. H. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, 50937 Koeln (Germany); Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, 01187 Dresden (Germany); Damascelli, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Quantum Matter Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4 (Canada)

    2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated a method for substituting oxygen with nitrogen in EuO thin films, which is based on molecular beam epitaxy distillation with NO gas as the oxidizer. By varying the NO gas pressure, we produce crystalline, epitaxial EuO{sub 1-x}N{sub x} films with good control over the films' nitrogen concentration. In situ x-ray photoemission spectroscopy reveals that nitrogen substitution is connected to the formation Eu{sup 3+}4f{sup 6} and a corresponding decrease in the number of Eu{sup 2+}4f{sup 7}, indicating that nitrogen is being incorporated in its 3{sup -} oxidation state. While small amounts of Eu{sup 3+} in over-oxidized Eu{sub 1-{delta}}O thin films lead to a drastic suppression of the ferromagnetism, the formation of Eu{sup 3+} in EuO{sub 1-x}N{sub x} still allows the ferromagnetic phase to exist with an unaffected T{sub c}, thus providing an ideal model system to study the interplay between the magnetic f{sup 7} (J = 7/2) and the non-magnetic f{sup 6} (J = 0) states close to the Fermi level.

  13. Soviet UCG experience specifically related to field experiments in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olness, D.U.

    1981-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past 8 years, some 20 underground coal gasification experiments have been conducted in the United States. Most of these experiments produced gas with a heating value in excess of 100 kJ/mole, but various problems have prevented the achievement of ideal results. For example, at Hoe Creek there were problems with hole failure and override, and at Hanna some of the reverse-burn links either lay higher in the seam than was anticipated or required an excessively long time for completion. Publications describing over 35 years of experience in the Soviet Union reveal that the difficulties encountered in the United States have occurred in the Soviet Union as well. This report discusses the Soviet experience with problems similar to those observed in the United States.

  14. Growth and optical properties of partially transparent Eu doped CaF{sub 2} ceramic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghosh, Manoranjan, E-mail: mghosh@barc.gov.in; Sen, Shashwati, E-mail: mghosh@barc.gov.in; Pitale, S. S., E-mail: mghosh@barc.gov.in; Goutam, U. K., E-mail: mghosh@barc.gov.in; Shinde, Seema, E-mail: mghosh@barc.gov.in; Patra, G. D., E-mail: mghosh@barc.gov.in; Gadkari, S. C., E-mail: mghosh@barc.gov.in [Technical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai - 400085 (India)

    2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Partially transparent ceramic of 2 at.% Eu doped CaF{sub 2} have been grown preferentially towards [111] direction. For this purpose, Eu doped CaF{sub 2} nanoparticles (size?12 nm) obtained by a low temperature solution growth method has been pressed at 1000°C under vacuum. The preferentially grown ceramic shows 15% transparency within the visible range of spectrum. As confirmed by the X-ray diffraction result, the hot pressed ceramic exhibits reduced lattice volume than the nanopowder. It indicates Eu{sup 3+} as the dominant substituting ions at the Ca{sup 2+} sites of CaF{sub 2} lattice in the hot pressed ceramic material. It is corroborated by the photoluminescence results of hot pressed ceramic which shows strong red emission corresponding to Eu{sup 3+} sites. However, photoluminescence of nanopowder exhibits intense peak in the blue region of the spectrum which is characteristics of Eu2+ sites.

  15. Multi-level governance revisited: comparing the strategies of interest representation of legislative regions in EU environmental policy- making. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Högenauer, Anna-Lena

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the 1980s, regions have taken a strong interest in EU policy-making and increasingly demanded representation in the process. This has given rise to the concept of multi-level governance (MLG) in EU policy-making, ...

  16. 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Tidal dissipation in the early Eocene and implications for ocean mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    © 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Tidal dissipation in the early Eocene this article as doi: 10.1002/grl.50510 AcceptedArticle #12;© 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Passage and Tasman Gateways AcceptedArticle #12;© 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved

  17. Ohio Union Event Spaces 1739 N. High Street Columbus, Ohio 43210 (614) 688-4636ohiounion.osu.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    Ohio Union is LEED certified (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Silver Status · HabitatOhio Union Event Spaces 1739 N. High Street Columbus, Ohio 43210 (614) 688-4636ohiounion;Weddings at the Ohio Union Archie M. Griffin East Ballroom | For more information about weddings

  18. EU could go it alone on nuclear fusion plant 29.11.2004 -10:02 CET | By Richard Carter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EU could go it alone on nuclear fusion plant 29.11.2004 - 10:02 CET | By Richard Carter The EU if no agreement can be reached with Japan by the end of the year over where to build the plant, according to EU research ministers. Talks over the world's first nuclear fusion reactor have stalled because Japan

  19. Template synthesis and luminescence properties of TiO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanotubes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Huan; Zheng, Keyan; Sheng, Ye; Li, Hongbo; Zhang, Hongguang; Qi, Xiaofei [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Shi, Zhan [State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Zou, Haifeng, E-mail: zouhf@jlu.edu.cn [College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Uniform TiO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanotubes have been successfully synthesized through a simple solvothermal process with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as templates, free of any surfactant or catalyst. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results demonstrate that the product is a pure anatase phase of TiO{sub 2}. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images indicate that the as-obtained TiO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanotubes are uniform in size and distribution, and the thickness of the wall is about 8 nm. The possible formation mechanism has also been proposed. The luminescent spectrum shows that TiO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanotubes exhibit a red emission at 612 nm due to the {sup 5}D{sub 0}?{sup 7}F{sub 2} transition. Furthermore, this synthetic route is promising for the preparation of other one-dimensional inorganic nanomaterials because of its simplicity and the low cost of the starting reagents. - Graphical abstract: This picture is the illustration for the formation process of TiO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanotubes. Display Omitted - Highlights: • TiO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanotubes have been prepared through a simple solvothermal process. • The TiO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanotubes are uniform in size and distribution. • Under UV light excitation, the TiO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} nanotubes show strong red emission.

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings...

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in...

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  4. Preparation and fluorescence property of red-emitting Eu{sup 3+}-activated amorphous calcium silicate phosphor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kojima, Yoshiyuki, E-mail: ykojima@chem.cst.nihon-u.ac.jp [Department of Materials and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan)] [Department of Materials and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan); Kamei, Shinnosuke; Nishimiya, Nobuyuki [Department of Materials and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan)] [Department of Materials and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan)

    2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the energy efficient synthesis of a red-emitting Eu{sup 3+}-activated amorphous calcium silicate phosphor produced by heating a Eu{sup 3+}-activated calcium silicate hydrate phosphor. Concentration quenching of the Eu{sup 3+}-activated calcium silicate hydrate phosphor was not observed and the emission intensity did not decrease up to a Eu/(Ca+Eu) atomic ratio of 0.46. Heating of the Eu{sup 3+}-activated calcium silicate hydrate (Eu/(Ca+Eu) atomic ratio = 0.32) phosphor produced an amorphous Eu{sup 3+}-activated calcium silicate phosphor, which had a maximum emission intensity at 870 {sup o}C and emitted in the red under near-ultraviolet irradiation (395 nm). The emission intensity of the Eu{sup 3+}-activated amorphous calcium silicate phosphor was about half that of a commercial BaMgAl{sub 10}O{sub 17}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor, and shows great potential for application in white light-emitting diodes.

  5. Synthesis and determination of the structural and optical characteristics of cBN micropowder with Eu{sup 3+} ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonchik, S. V., E-mail: Leonchik@physics.by; Karotki, A. V. [National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Scientific-Practical Materials Research Center (Belarus)] [National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Scientific-Practical Materials Research Center (Belarus)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Cubic boron-nitride micropowder with Eu{sup 3+} ions (cBN:Eu) is synthesized under conditions of high pressures and temperatures. The structural, morphological, chemical, and optical characteristics of the cBN:Eu micropowder are studied using X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive X-ray spectral microanalysis, photoluminescence, and optical transmission methods. It is found that the cBN:Eu lattice parameter is {approx}3.615 A. The intense red luminescence of the cBN:Eu micropowder (red glow), measured in the visible region of the spectrum in the range from 550 to 750 nm, is attributed to intracenter 4f-electron transitions of the Eu{sup 3+} ions. The possible nature of the cBN:Eu micropowder luminescence is discussed.

  6. Limited Sectoral Trading between the EU ETS and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavard, Claire

    2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In the negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), new market mechanisms are proposed to involve Non-Annex I countries in the carbon markets developed by Annex I countries, beyond ...

  7. IMPACT EVALUATION OF AN ENERGY SAVINGS PLAN PROJECT AT THE LINDE DIVISION OF UNION CARBIDE CORPORATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spanner, G. E.; Sullivan, G. P.

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This impact evaluation of an energy conservation measure (ECM) that was recently installed at the Linde Division of Union Carbide Corporation (Linde) was conducted far the Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) as part of an evaluation of its Energy Savings Plan (ESP) Program. The Program makes acquisition payments to firms that install energy conservation measures in their industrial processes. The objective of this impact evaluation was to assess how much electrical energy is being saved at Linde as a result of the ESP and to determine how much the savings cost Bonneville and the region. The impact of the ECM was evaluated with a combination of engineering analysis, financial analysis, site visit and interviews, and submittal reviews (Linde's Completion Report and Abstract). The ECM itself consists of replacing the plant's nitrogen feed compressor with a larger unit, which allows the plant to meet its argon demand using less compressed air and which results in net energy savings. Energy savings resulting from this ECM were 4,376,500 kWh/yr for the first two years after installation, but, because of a change in Linde's market position, long-term savings are expected to be lower at 2,549,200 kWh/yr. Linde considers energy consumption and savings on a per ton basis to be proprietary, so they are not reported here. The ECM cost $361,4.96 to install, and Linde received payment of $161,426 from Bonneville for the acquisition of energy savings. This ECM would not have been implemented without the acquisition payment from Bonneville. The levelized cost of these energy savings to Bonneville will be 4.5 mills/kWh over the ECM's expected 15-year life, and the levelized cost to th.e region will be 5.9 mills/kWh.

  8. A SUMMARY OF COAL IN THE FORT UNION FORMATION (TERTIARY), BIGHORN BASIN,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter SB A SUMMARY OF COAL IN THE FORT UNION FORMATION (TERTIARY), BIGHORN BASIN, WYOMING assessment of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones in the Northern RockyMountains and Great Plains region, U...........................................................................................................................SB-1 Coal Production History

  9. Economic Interests and the European Union: A Catalyst for European Integration or a Hindrance? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howarth, D.; Sadeh, T.

    The influence of economic interest groups on national policy-making on European Union-level policy and European integration seems to be case specific and circumstantial. Certain economic interests (for example, pension funds) are so influential...

  10. The impact of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme on US aviation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malina, Robert

    We estimate the economic impacts on US airlines that may arise from the inclusion of aviation in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme from 2012 to 2020. We find that the Scheme would only have a small impact on US ...

  11. Why Lead Labor?: Projects and Pathways in California Unions, 1984-2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strauss, George

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores how union leadership has developed over the last 20 years. While other studies have focused on the careers of top leaders or new recruits, we examine the careers of rising leaders over time. Finding ...

  12. Hydrologic and hydraulic assessment of artificial recharge in the Sparta Aquifer of Union County, Arkansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sowby, Robert B

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Groundwater pumping from the Sparta aquifer in Union County, Arkansas, has long exceeded natural recharge, threatening the regional water supply. An alternative water-supply project, completed in 2004, now provides treated ...

  13. Contest, social valuation and change in American labor-union organizing, 1961-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferguson, John-Paul

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis I explore the connections between changes to the formal procedures by which American labor unions enroll new members and the subsequent meanings and purposes that potential members and third parties attribute ...

  14. Geochemical modeling of an aquifer storage and recovery project in Union County, Arkansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Ni, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sparta aquifer in Union County, Arkansas has served as an important potable water supply to the public and industrial sectors in the area. However, increasing water demand and sustained heavy pumping from the aquifer ...

  15. Pollution Prevention Plan for the Y-12 Analytical Chemistry Organization Off-Site Union Valley Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J. G.

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Y-12 Analytical Chemistry Organization (ACO) Off-Site Union Valley Facility (Union Valley Facility) is managed by Babcock and Wilcox Technical Services Y-12, L.L.C. (B and W Y-12) through the Y-12 National Security Complex organization. Accordingly, the Y-12 Pollution Prevention Program encompasses the operations conducted at the Union Valley Facility. The Y-12 Program is designed to fully comply with state, federal and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) requirements concerning waste minimization/pollution prevention as documented in the Y-12 Pollution Prevention Program Plan. The Program is formulated to reduce the generation and toxicity of all Y-12 wastes in all media, including those wastes generated by the Union Valley Facility operations. All regulatory and DOE requirements are met by the Y-12 Program Plan.

  16. The Effects Of Port Security Compliance On The Competitiveness Of European Union Maritime Industry Firms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Jonathan Taylor

    2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT The Effects Of Port Security Compliance On The Competitiveness Of European Union Maritime Industry Firms. (May 2013) Jonathan Stone Department of Maritime Administration Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Joan Mileski Department...

  17. Topological color codes on Union Jack lattices: a stable implementation of the whole Clifford group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katzgraber, Helmut G.; Bombin, H.; Andrist, Ruben S.; Martin-Delgado, M. A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the error threshold of topological color codes on Union Jack lattices that allow for the full implementation of the whole Clifford group of quantum gates. After mapping the error-correction process onto a statistical mechanical random three...

  18. Electricity internal market in the European Union : what to do next?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glachant, Jean-Michel

    The European Union's "internal energy market" remains a work in progress. It is even possible its construction were to stall. Given current political, institutional and business conditions in Europe, there are no guarantees ...

  19. Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    /2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

  20. United States Advanced Battery Consortium | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and BatteryUS-EU-JapanCatalysts2-EEnergy -Japan JointUnited

  1. European Union Energy Performance of Building Directive and the Impact of Building Automation on Energy Efficiency 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirth, U.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gubelstrasse 22 CH-6301 Zug 00 41 41/ 7 24 55 60 wirth.ulrich@siemens.com European Union Energy Performance of Buildings Directive and The impact of Building Automation on Energy Efficiency Buildings account for 40 percent of global energy... consumption. The European Union's 2002 Energy Performance of Buildings Directive takes this fact into account and formulates savings goals. A resulting European standard, and uniform certification, applicable throughout Europe, form the foundation since...

  2. Occupancy and site distribution of europium in barium magnesium aluminate Eu Mossbauer spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boolchand, Punit

    Occupancy and site distribution of europium in barium magnesium aluminate by 151 Eu Mo¨ssbauer Mo¨ssbauer spectroscopy. Analysis of the Mo¨ssbauer line shapes reveals a pentamodal or higher site

  3. Allocation and competitiveness in the EU emissions trading scheme: policy overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grubb, Michael; Neuhoff, Karsten

    The European emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) has an efficient and effective market design that risks being undermined by three interrelated problems: the approach to allocation; the absence of a credible commitment to post-2012 continuation...

  4. The EU’s CAP, the Doha Round and Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halderman, Michael; Nelson, Michael

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development IFPRI IGC ILRI IPSA LDC LEI LFA LLPs MGQ MS MTRDev.ing - America Dev.ing LDC EU Candidate Accession Becauseparticularly important to LDC trade including bananas,

  5. CO2 Abatement in the UK Power Sector: Evidence from the EU ETS Trial Period

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an empirical assessment of CO2 emissions abatement in the UK power sector during the trial period of the EU ETS. Using an econometrically estimated model of fuel switching, it separates the impacts of ...

  6. Manufacturing industry challenges and responses to EU, California, and other product-targeted environmental regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschner, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    directive (2002/96/EC, “WEEE” ) the EU expanded its scope ofe-waste”) regulation like WEEE, decided to take matters intake its cues from RoHS and WEEE. While industry lobbying

  7. An EIE/Altener project Co-funded by the EU Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the treatment of waste from industries by biomethanation), to in- crease the price for the electricity (the of the biogas production by centralised co-digestion in selected areas of six EU countries. The assessment

  8. STYRIAN ACADEMY for Sustainable Energies | http://styrianacademy.eu BER DIE STYRIAN ACADEMY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STYRIAN ACADEMY for Sustainable Energies | http://styrianacademy.eu #12;ÜBER DIE STYRIAN ACADEMY Die STYRIAN ACADEMY ist eine europäische Aus- und Weiterbildungsplattform mit Standort Steiermark. Die STYRIAN ACADEMY 2010/2011 ist dem europäischen Zukunftsthema nachhaltige Energiesysteme gewidmet. Die

  9. -News Home Help EU reiterates warning to Japan over nuclear project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    reactor without Japanese support, to end a standoff with Tokyo about who will host the project. news web and Russia back France's bid for it to be based in Cadarache, southern France. news web sites EU science

  10. Print this article Close This Window EU OKs India joining ITER nuclear reactor project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Print this article Close This Window EU OKs India joining ITER nuclear reactor project Fri Dec 2 trademarks and trademarks of the Reuters group of companies around the world. Close This Window 12/2/05 4

  11. EU Agri-Environmental Payments: Appropriate Policy or Protectionism in Disguise?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glebe, Thilo

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Theory of agri-environmental policy Dr. Thilo Glebe EUto look at the agri-environmental policy from a theoreticalto the EU agri- environmental policy I want to ask therefore

  12. Photoluminescence properties of Tb-Eu-Mn-codoped fluoroborate glasses under ?-irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hari Babu, B.; Ravi Kanth Kumar, V. V. [Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, R. V. Nagar, Kalapet, Puducherry 605014 (India)] [Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, R. V. Nagar, Kalapet, Puducherry 605014 (India)

    2013-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We report here an energy transfer from Tb{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 3+}, Mn{sup 2+} and Eu{sup 2+} to Tb{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 2+} for an un-irradiated and ?-irradiated B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Na{sub 2}O-SrF{sub 2} glass samples, respectively. The blue emission from Eu{sup 2+} ions as well as green and red emission from Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, and Mn{sup 2+} ions will contribute to the generation of white light while excited at 339 nm using a xenon lamp. Furthermore, the chromaticity color coordinates, correlated color temperature, and quantum efficiency parameters are calculated for all the glass samples, and their relative variations with respect to ?-irradiation dose are presented.

  13. Eu(III) Complexes of Octadentate 1-Hydroxy-2-pyridinones: Stability and Improved Photophysical Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Evan G.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In particular, terbium and europium are of primary interestand similar size as the europium cation (4f 6 ), but with anof ? Eu , the overall europium quantum yield, will also

  14. Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment in two EU countries: A comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torretta, Vincenzo, E-mail: vincenzo.torretta@uninsubria.it [Department of Science and High Technology, Insubria University of Varese, Via G.B. Vico 46, I-21100 Varese (Italy); Ragazzi, Marco [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento (Italy); Istrate, Irina Aura [Department of Energy Production and Use, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest (Romania); Rada, Elena Cristina [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento (Italy)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review on data regarding WEEE management in Italy and in Romania. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Problems that countries that will enter in the EU will have to solve facing with the WEEE management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pilot experiences useful for the awareness campaign of the population. - Abstract: The paper presents some data regarding waste electrical and electronic (WEEE) management in one of the founding countries of the EU, Italy, and in a recent entry into the EU, Romania. The aim of this research was to analyze some problems that countries entering the EU will have to solve with respect to WEEE management. The experiences of Italy and Romania could provide an interesting reference point. The strengths and weaknesses that the two EU countries have encountered can be used in order to give a more rational plan for other countries. In Italy the increase of WEEE collection was achieved in parallel with the increase of the efficiency of selective Municipal Solid Waste collection. In Romania, pilot experiences were useful to increase the awareness of the population. The different interests of the two populations towards recyclable waste led to a different scenario: in Romania all types of WEEE have been collected since its entrance into the EU; in Italy the 'interest' in recycling is typically related to large household appliances, with a secondary role of lighting equipment.

  15. Fiscal Year 2010 Phased Construction Completion Report for EU Z2-32 in Zone 2, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Jacobs

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Record of Decision for Soil, Buried Waste, and Subsurface Structure Actions in Zone 2, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOEIORJO 1-2161 &D2) (Zone 2 ROD) acknowledged that most of the 800 acres in Zone 2 were contaminated, but that sufficient data to confirm the levels of contamination were lacking. The Zone 2 ROD further specified that a sampling strategy for filling the data gaps would be developed. The Remedial Design Report/Remedial Action Work Plan for Zone 2 Soils, Slabs, and Subsurface Structures, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOEIORIO 1 -2224&D3) (RDRJRAWP) defined the sampling strategy as the Dynamic Verification Strategy (DVS), generally following the approach used for characterization of the Zone I exposure units (EUs). The Zone 2 ROD divided the Zone 2 area into seven geographic areas and 44 EUs. To facilitate the data quality objectives (DQOs) of the DVS process, the RDR/RAWP regrouped the 44 EUs into 12 DQO scoping EU groups. These groups facilitated the DQO process by placing similar facilities and their support facilities together, which allowed identification of data gaps. The EU groups were no longer pertinent after DQO planning was completed and characterization was conducted as areas became accessible. As the opportunity to complete characterization became available, the planned DVS program was completed for the EU addressed in this document (EU Z2-32). The purpose of this Phased Construction Completion Report (PCCR) is to address the following: (1) Document DVS characterization results for EU Z2-32. (2) Describe and document the risk evaluation and determine if the EU meets the Zone 2 ROD requirements for unrestricted industrial use to 10 ft bgs. (3) Identify additional areas not defined in the Zone 2 ROD that require remediation based on the DVS evaluation results. (4) Describe the remedial action performed in the K-1066-G Yard in EU Z2-32. Approximately 18.4 acres are included in the EU addressed in this PCCR. Based on results of the DVS evaluation, all 18.4 acres are recommended for unrestricted industrial use to 10 ft bgs. There are no Federal Facility Agreement Sites included in Appendix A of the Zone 2 ROD in EU Z2-32. The Zone 2 ROD requires land use controls to prevent disturbance of soils below 10 ft deep and to restrict future land use to industrial/commercial activities. In response to stakeholder comments, the U.S. Department of Energy agreed to re-evaluate the need for such land use restrictions. This document includes a screening evaluation to determine the likelihood of land use controls in EU Z2-32 being modified to: (1) eliminate the restriction on disturbance of soils below 10 ft bgs where data indicate the absence of residual contamination at any depth that would result in an unacceptable risk to the future industrial worker, and (2) permit alternative land uses that would be protective of future site occupants. Results of this screening evaluation indicate a high probability that restrictions on disturbing soil below 10 ft bgs could be safely eliminated for EU Z2-32. A qualitative screening evaluation considered the likelihood of unrestricted land use being protective of future site occupants. Based on this qualitative assessment, all 18.4 acres addressed in this PCCR were assigned a high probability for consideration of release for unrestricted land use. This document contains the main text (Sects. 1 through 13) and one appendix. The main text addresses the purpose for this PCCR as described above. Additional supporting detail (e.g., field work and data summaries, graphics) is provided in the EU Z2-32 technical memorandum (Appendix A). Historical and DVS analytical data used in this PCCR are provided on a compact disc accompanying this document and can be accessed through the Oak Ridge Environmental Information System.

  16. Illegal Logging Gives EU Massive Eco-Headache With tropical rainforests continuing to disappear at an alarming rate, the EU is partially to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    17.04.2008 Illegal Logging Gives EU Massive Eco-Headache With tropical rainforests continuing. The problem of illegal logging is particularly acute in Indonesia, allegedly the world's third largest gases and global warming, rising demand for palm oil has resulted in local companies burning woods

  17. Britain is largest importer of illegal timber in EU says WWF Britain is largest importer of illegal timber in EU says WWF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Indonesia of invaluable income. "Large-scale illegal logging often deprives local communities who rely lands and wildlife, while examining the impact of emerging trends in climate, technology, economics Union, the illegal timber trade in Europe could contribute to large-scale depletion of timber in some

  18. Synthesis, crystal structure and photoluminescence of a new Eu-doped Sr containing sialon (Sr{sub 0.94}Eu{sub 0.06})(Al{sub 0.3}Si{sub 0.7}){sub 4}(N{sub 0.8}O{sub 0.2}){sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamane, Hisanori, E-mail: yamane@tagen.tohoku.ac.jp [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Shimooka, Satoshi; Uheda, Kyota [Mitsubishi Chemical Group, Science and Technology Research Center, Inc. 1000 Kamoshida-cho, Aoba-ku, Yokohama 227-8502 (Japan)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Colorless transparent platelet single crystals of a novel Eu{sup 2+}-doped strontium silicon aluminum oxynitride, (Sr{sub 0.94}Eu{sub 0.06})(Al{sub 0.3}Si{sub 0.7}){sub 4}(N{sub 0.8}O{sub 0.2}){sub 6}, were prepared at 1800 Degree-Sign C and 0.92 MPa of N{sub 2}. Fundamental reflections of electron and X-ray diffraction of the crystals were indexed with a face-centered orthorhombic unit cell (a=5.8061(5) A, b=37.762(3) A, c=9.5936(9) A). Diffuse streaks elongated in the b-axis direction were observed around the fundamental reflections hkl with h=2n+1 of the electron and X-ray diffraction, indicating stacking faults of (0 1 0)[1 0 0]/2. A crystal structure model without the stacking faults was obtained using the X-ray diffraction data of the fundamental reflections with the space group Fdd2. A SiN{sub 4}-tetrahedron double layer of [SiN{sub 2}]{sub 2} and a Sr/Eu double layer of [(Sr{sub 0.94}Eu{sub 0.06})Al{sub 1.2}Si{sub 0.8}N{sub 0.8} O{sub 1.2}]{sub 2} are stacked alternately along the b-axis direction. The title compound showed an emission with a peak wavelength of 490 nm under 334 nm excitation at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Single crystals of a novel Eu{sup 2+}-doped strontium silicon aluminum oxynitride, (Sr{sub 0.94}Eu{sub 0.06})(Al{sub 0.3}Si{sub 0.7}){sub 4}(N{sub 0.8}O{sub 0.2}){sub 6}, having stacking faults on the (0 1 0) plane of an orthorhombic cell, were prepared at 1800 Degree-Sign C and 0.92 MPa of N{sub 2}. The compound showed emission with a peak wavelength of 490 nm under 334 nm excitation at room temperature. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new compound Eu{sup 2+}-doped (Sr{sub 0.94}Eu{sub 0.06})(Al{sub 0.3}Si{sub 0.7}){sub 4}(N{sub 0.8}O{sub 0.2}){sub 6} was prepared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stacking faults in the compound were clarified by electron and X-ray diffraction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A basic crystal structure model was obtained based on the X-ray diffraction data. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An emission of 490 nm under 334 nm excitation at room temperature was observed.

  19. Union-Party Links and the Reconfiguration of the Labor Movement: Brazil and Mexico 1990-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miljanic, Andra Olivia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arizpe). Workers at the General Motors Engine Plant in RamosWorkers’ Union, General Motors Engine and Transmissionsand engine plants in Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila. General Motors

  20. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen Property Funds )*

  1. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen Property Funds )*30/02

  2. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen Property Funds

  3. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen Property Funds03/02 TUE

  4. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen Property Funds03/02

  5. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen Property

  6. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen PropertyEnergy

  7. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen PropertyEnergy.. a .

  8. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen PropertyEnergy.. a

  9. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen PropertyEnergy.. aEn

  10. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen PropertyEnergy..

  11. United States Government

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen PropertyEnergy..7325.8

  12. United States Government Departmen

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen7/05 TUE 07:58 FAX 423

  13. United States Government Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen7/05 TUE 07:58 FAX

  14. United States Government Memorandum

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen7/053/03 THUl 'vl/OU Wy)

  15. United States of America

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3E AmbassadorsUS-EU-Japan-Japan JointGreen7/053/03Nuclear

  16. United States Government

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del SolStrengthening aTurbulence mayUndergraduate ProgramCenter |SolarUnions,of

  17. Aryl Bridged 1-Hydroxypyridin-2-one: Effect of the Bridge on the Eu(III) Sensitization Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Aleo, Anthony

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kinetic parameters for the europium emission were completed.water molecule bound to the europium cation while for [Eu(Lsensitization of the europium ion. Keywords: europium,

  18. Reflections on Environmental Liability Schemes in the United States and European Union: Limitations and Prospects for Improvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashford, Nicholas

    2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We are constantly confronted with cases of severe damage to the environment resulting from human acts. High profile cases capture the international community’s attention briefly such as the infamous 1989 Exxon Valdez oil ...

  19. Government Regulation of Environmental and Occupational Health in the Environment in the United States and the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldart, Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The manufacturing, processing, and use of chemicals, materials, tools, machinery, and equipment in industrial, construction, mining, and agricultural workplaces often cause environmental, health, and safety hazards and ...

  20. Chemical Feature of Eu abundance in the Draco dwarf spheroidal galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsujimoto, Takuji; Shigeyama, Toshikazu; Aoki, Wako

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical abundance of r-process elements in nearby dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies is a powerful tool to probe the site of r-process since their small-mass scale can sort out individual events producing r-process elements. A merger of binary neutron stars is a promising candidate of this site. In faint, or less massive dSph galaxies such as the Draco, a few binary neutron star mergers are expected to have occurred at most over the whole past. We have measured chemical abundances including Eu and Ba of three red giants in the Draco dSph by Subaru/HDS observation. The Eu detection for one star with [Fe/H]=-1.45 confirms a broadly constant [Eu/H] of ~-1.3 for stars with [Fe/H]>-2. This feature is shared by other dSphs with similar masses, i.e., the Sculptor and the Carina, and suggests that neutron star merger is the origin of r-process elements in terms of its rarity. In addition, two very metal-poor stars with [Fe/H]=-2.12 and -2.51 are found to exhibit very low Eu abundances such as [Eu/H]<-2 with an impl...

  1. A violet emission in ZnS:Mn,Eu: Luminescence and applications for radiation detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei, E-mail: weichen@uta.edu [Department of Physics and the SAVANT Center, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0059 (United States); Jiang, Ke [Center for Biofrontiers Institute, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, 1420 Austin Bluffs Pkwy., Colorado Springs, Colorado 80918 (United States); Liu, Xiao-tang [Department of Physics and the SAVANT Center, The University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas 76019-0059 (United States); Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642 (China)

    2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We prepared manganese and europium co-doped zinc sulfide (ZnS:Mn,Eu) phosphors and used them for radiation detection. In addition to the red fluorescence at 583?nm due to the d-d transition of Mn ions, an intense violet emission at 420?nm is newly observed in ZnS:Mn,Eu phosphors. The emission is related to Eu{sup 2+} doping but only appears at certain Eu{sup 2+} concentrations. It is found that the intensity of the 420?nm violet fluorescence is X-ray does-dependent, while the red fluorescence of 583?nm is not. The ratio of fluorescence intensities at 420?nm and 583?nm has been monitored as a function of X-ray doses that exposed upon the ZnS:Mn,Eu phosphors. Empirical formulas are provided to estimate the doses of applied X-ray irradiation. Finally, possible mechanisms of X-ray irradiation induced fluorescence quenching are discussed. The intense 420?nm emission not only provides a violet light for solid state lighting but also offers a very sensitive method for radiation detection.

  2. Optical studies on Eu{sup 3+} doped boro-tellurite glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maheshvaran, K.; Marimuthu, K. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural Institute - Deemed University, Gandhigram - 624 302 (India)

    2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Eu{sup 3+} doped boro-tellurite glasses with the chemical composition (39-x)B{sub 2}O{sub 3}+30TeO{sub 2}+15MgO+15K{sub 2}O +xEu{sub 2}O{sub 3} (where x = 0.01, 0.1, 1, 2 and 3 wt%) have been prepared by following conventional melt quenching technique. Spectroscopic properties of the Eu{sup 3+} doped boro-tellurite glasses have been studied by recording the optical absorption and luminescence measurements. Through the optical absorption spectra, bonding parameters ({beta}-bar, {delta}) have been calculated to identify the ionic/covalent nature of the glasses. Judd-Ofelt (JO) analysis have been carried out using the luminescence spectra. The JO parameters ({Omega}{sub {lambda}}= 2, 4 and 6) were used to calculate the radiative properties for the {sup 5}D{sub 0}{yields}{sup 7}F{sub J} (J = 1, 2, 3 and 4) emission transitions of the Eu{sup 3+} ions. The change in optical properties with the variation of Eu{sup 3+} ion concentration have been studied and discussed with similar studies.

  3. New ternary phosphides and arsenides. Syntheses, crystal structures, physical properties of Eu{sub 2}ZnP{sub 2}, Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jian [State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Institute of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100 (China); Xia, Sheng-Qing, E-mail: shqxia@sdu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Institute of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100 (China); Tao, Xu-Tang [State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Institute of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100 (China); Schäfer, Marion C. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Bobev, Svilen, E-mail: bobev@udel.edu [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Three new europium pnictides Eu{sub 2}ZnP{sub 2}, Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3} have been synthesized and their structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Eu{sub 2}ZnP{sub 2} is isotypic with Yb{sub 2}CdSb{sub 2} (Cmc2{sub 1} (No. 36); cell parameters a=4.1777(7) Å, b=15.925(3) Å, c=7.3008(12) Å), while the latter two compounds crystallize with the Ba{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}Sb{sub 3} structure type (C2/m (No. 12); cell parameters a=15.653(5)/16.402(1) Å, b=4.127(1)/4.445(4) Å, c=11.552(4)/12.311(1) Å and ?=126.647(4)/126.515(7)° for Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3}, respectively). Magnetic susceptibility measurements in the interval 5–300 K confirm paramagnetic behavior and effective magnetic moments characteristic of Eu{sup 2+} ([Xe] 4f{sup 7}) ground states. Temperature-dependent electrical conductivity measurements also prove that Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3} is a semiconducting compound with a narrow band gap of 0.059 eV below 100 K. According to TG/DSC analyses, Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3} starts to decompose at about 950 K. - Graphical abstract: A polyhedral view of the crystal structure of new pnictides Eu{sub 2}T{sub 2}Pn{sub 3} (T=Zn or Cd; Pn=P or As). Display Omitted - Highlights: • Three new ternary pnictide Zintl compounds, Eu{sub 2}ZnP{sub 2}, Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3}, have been synthesized and characterized. • The europium cations are divalent and ferromagnetically coupled in both Eu{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}P{sub 3} and Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3}. • Eu{sub 2}Cd{sub 2}As{sub 3} has a very small band gap of 0.06 eV and starts to decompose over 950 K.

  4. Hetero-epitaxial EuO interfaces studied by analytic electron microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mundy, Julia A. [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Hodash, Daniel; Melville, Alexander; Held, Rainer [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Mairoser, Thomas; Schmehl, Andreas [Zentrum für Elektronische Korrelationen und Magnetismus, Universität Augsburg, Universitätsstraße 1, D-86159 Augsburg (Germany); Muller, David A.; Kourkoutis, Lena F. [School of Applied and Engineering Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Schlom, Darrell G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Kavli Institute at Cornell for Nanoscale Science, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States)

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    With nearly complete spin polarization, the ferromagnetic semiconductor europium monoxide could enable next-generation spintronic devices by providing efficient ohmic spin injection into silicon. Spin injection is greatly affected by the quality of the interface between the injector and silicon. Here, we use atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy in conjunction with electron energy loss spectroscopy to directly image and chemically characterize a series of EuO|Si and EuO|YAlO{sub 3} interfaces fabricated using different growth conditions. We identify the presence of europium silicides and regions of disorder at the EuO|Si interfaces, imperfections that could significantly reduce spin injection efficiencies via spin-flip scattering.

  5. Optical properties of Eu{sup 2+} doped antipervoskite fluoride single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, D. Joseph; Ramasamy, P. [Centre for Crystal Growth, SSN College of Engineering, kalavakkam, Tamilnadu- 603 110 (India); Nithya, R. [Materials Science Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu - 603 102 (India); Madhusoodanan, U. [Radiological Safety Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu - 603 102 (India)

    2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Single crystals of pure and Eu{sup 2+} doped LiBaF{sub 3} have been grown from melt by using a vertical Bridgman-Stockbarger method. Absorption and luminescence spectra for pure and rare-earth-doped LiBaF{sub 3} were studied. At ambient conditions the photoluminescence spectra consisted of sharp lines peaked at {approx}359 nm attributed to the {sup 6}P7/2{yields}{sup 8}S7/2 transitions in the 4f{sub 7} electronic configuration of Eu{sup 2+} and a broad band extending between 370 and 450 nm attributed to Eu{sup 2+} trapped exciton recombination. The effect of {sup 60}Co gamma irradiation has also been investigated.

  6. High-Temperature Thermoelectric Properties of the Solid–Solution Zintl Phase Eu11Cd6Sb12–xAsx (x < 3)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazem, Nasrin; Xie, Weiwei; Ohno, Saneyuki; Zevalkink, Alexandra; Miller, Gordon J; Snyder, G Jeffrey; Kauzlarich, Susan M

    2014-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Zintl phases are compounds that have shown promise for thermoelectric applications. The title solid–solution Zintl compounds were prepared from the elements as single crystals using a tin flux for compositions x = 0, 1, 2, and 3. Eu11Cd6Sb12–xAsx (x < 3) crystallize isostructurally in the centrosymmetric monoclinic space group C2/m (no. 12, Z = 2) as the Sr11Cd6Sb12 structure type (Pearson symbol mC58). Efforts to make the As compositions for x exceeding ?3 resulted in structures other than the Sr11Cd6Sb12 structure type. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction indicates that As does not randomly substitute for Sb in the structure but is site specific for each composition. The amount of As determined by structural refinement was verified by electron microprobe analysis. Electronic structures and energies calculated for various model structures of Eu11Cd6Sb10As2 (x = 2) indicated that the preferred As substitution pattern involves a mixture of three of the six pnicogen sites in the asymmetric unit. In addition, As substitution at the Pn4 site opens an energy gap at the Fermi level, whereas substitution at the other five pnicogen sites remains semimetallic with a pseudo gap. Thermoelectric properties of these compounds were measured on hot-pressed, fully densified pellets. Samples show exceptionally low lattice thermal conductivities from room temperature to 775 K: 0.78–0.49 W/mK for x = 0; 0.72–0.53 W/mK for x = 1; and 0.70–0.56 W/mK for x = 2. Eu11Cd6Sb12 shows a high p-type Seebeck coefficient (from +118 to 153 ? V/K) but also high electrical resistivity (6.8 to 12.8 m?·cm). The value of zT reaches 0.23 at 774 K. The properties of Eu11Cd6Sb12–xAsx are interpreted in discussion with the As site substitution.

  7. Conference-EC-US Task Force Joint US-EU Workshop on Metabolomics and Environmental Biotechnology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PI: Lily Y. Young; Co-PI: Gerben J. Zylstra

    2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1990, the EC-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research has been coordinating transatlantic efforts to guide and exploit the ongoing revolution in biotechnology and the life sciences. The Task Force was established in June 1990 by the European Commission and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. The Task Force has acted as an effective forum for discussion, coordination, and development of new ideas for the last 18 years. Task Force members are European Commission and US Government science and technology administrators who meet annually to enhance communication across the Atlantic, and to encourage collaborative research. Through sponsoring workshops, and other activities, the Task Force also brings together scientific leaders and early career researchers from both sides of the Atlantic to forecast research challenges and opportunities and to promote better links between researchers. Over the years, by keeping a focus on the future of science, the Task Force has played a key role in establishing a diverse range of emerging scientific fields, including biodiversity research, neuroinformatics, genomics, nanobiotechnology, neonatal immunology, transkingdom molecular biology, biologically-based fuels, and environmental biotechnology. The EC-US Task Force has sponsored a number of Working Groups on topics of mutual transatlantic interest. The idea to create a Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology research was discussed in the Task Force meeting of October 1993. The EC-US Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology set as its mission 'To train the next generation of leaders in environmental biotechnology in the United States and the European Union to work collaboratively across the Atlantic.' Since 1995, the Working Group supported three kinds of activities, all of which focus one early career scientists: (1) Workshops on the use of molecular methods and genomics in environmental biotechnology; (2) Short courses with theoretical, laboratory and field elements; and (3) Short term exchange fellowships. The short term exchange fellowships were created to enable young scientists to develop collaborations with colleagues across the Atlantic and to learn a new skill or expertise in the area of environmental biotechnology.

  8. MISSION CLIMAT WORKING PAPER N 2010 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    between EU emissions allowances (EUAs) ­ valid under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS in the European Carbon Market 4 1. Introduction The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the EU

  9. The impact of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme on US aviation Robert Malina a,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The impact of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme on US aviation Robert Malina a, Germany Keywords: European air transport policy Carbon emissions trading US airline industry a b s t r a c in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme from 2012 to 2020. We find that the Scheme would only have a small

  10. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation Into Composting Alternatives at the New Student Union Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Into Composting Alternatives at the New Student Union Building Doug Downing, Kelly Vargas, Lawrence Penkar, James Investigation into Composting Alternatives at the New Student Union Building Technology and Society ­ APSC 261 is handled must be considered in detail. Nearly 48% of the total waste from the SUB is compostable

  11. Trapping processes in CaS:Eu{sup 2+},Tm{sup 3+}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jia, Dongdong [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, (China)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, (China); Jia, Weiyi [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico)] [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico); Evans, D. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States); Dennis, W. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States); Liu, Huimin [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico)] [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico); Zhu, Jing [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, (China)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, (China); Yen, W. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602 (United States)

    2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    CaS:Eu{sup 2+},Tm{sup 3+} is a persistent red phosphor. Thermoluminescence was measured under different excitation and thermal treatment conditions. The results reveal that the charge defects, created by substituting Tm{sup 3+} for Ca{sup 2+}, serve as hole traps for the afterglow at room temperature. Tm{sup 3+} plays the role of deep electron trapping centers, capturing electrons either through the conduction band or directly from the excited Eu{sup 2+} ions. These two processes, in which two different sites of Tm{sup 3+} are involved, correspond to two traps with different depths. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

  12. Temperature dependent band offsets in PbSe/PbEuSe quantum well heterostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simma, M.; Bauer, G.; Springholz, G. [Institut fuer Halbleiter und Festkoerperphysik, Johannes Kepler Universitaet, A-4040 Linz (Austria)

    2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The band offsets of PbSe/Pb{sub 1-x}Eu{sub x}Se multi-quantum wells grown by molecular beam epitaxy are determined as a function of temperature and europium content using temperature-modulated differential transmission spectroscopy. The confined quantum well states in the valence and conduction bands are analyzed using a k{center_dot}p model with envelope function approximation. From the fit of the experimental data, the normalized conduction band offset is determined as 0.45{+-}0.15 of the band gap difference, independently of Eu content up to 14% and temperature from 20 to 300 K.

  13. Vacation Donation Donor/Recipient Refer to the Administrative Policy: Vacation Donation Program for Civil Service and Union-Represented Staff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Program for Civil Service and Union-Represented Staff http://www.policy.umn.edu/Policies/hr/Leaves/VACATIONDONATION.html and corresponding Procedure: Requesting/Donating Paid Leave for Civil Service/Union-Represented Staff http

  14. If it's Broken, Don't Fix it: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    If it's Broken, Don't Fix it: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty" N° 2007: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty" Éloi Laurent OFCE (Sciences-po Center for Economic failure. This paper examines the reforms of the "economic governance" of the euro area proposed

  15. Large-Scale in the United

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sustainable Power Consulting Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement University of Delaware University of Massachusetts Rutgers University Cape Wind Associates Union of Concerned Scientists

  16. Tuesday April 12, 8:14 PM LEAD: Japan, EU aim to reach conclusion on ITER by July

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    told reporters that the European Union has made a new proposal and that the two sides "have entered have to create the best possible conditions for our bilateral long-term cooperation in the area it in Cadarache in southeastern France. The commissioner said Japan and the European Union are searching

  17. Advanced Rooftop Unit Control

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced-Rooftop-Unit-Control Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search Policy & Reporting Expand Policy & Reporting EE Sectors Expand EE Sectors...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" " ",,,"East North Central Census...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  5. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., Ashland, OR 97520 and Gwyneth Myer, Consultant, 220 W. Rapp Rd. Unit 3, Talent, OR 97540. #12;2 THE FIRE

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  9. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  14. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AGRICULTURAL ISSUES CENTER | 1 Wine relations between the European Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Commission agreed in December 2007 on a profound reform of its common wine market policy. The reform aims reform and highlights their potential impacts on the California wine industry. A brief review of the wine and the EU Wine Policy Reform Henrich Brunke, Rolf A.E. Mueller, Daniel A. Sumner* *Henrich Brunke

  15. The Burke Library Archives, Columbia University Libraries, Union Theological Seminary, New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salzman, Daniel

    to the State Anti-Slavery Convention in Utica, NY. He attended New Haven Theological Seminary from 1837-1839, and completed his Masters of Divinity degree at Union Theological Seminary in 1840. Bush served a number donated to the Burke Library exemplify the writing methods of ancient Asia. Palm leaf manuscripts date

  16. GRADUATE ASSISTANT UNION REPRESENTATION ELECTION Guidelines For Management & Faculty Working With Graduate Assistants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janssen, Michel

    GRADUATE ASSISTANT UNION REPRESENTATION ELECTION Guidelines For Management & Faculty Working With Graduate Assistants What Management May and May Not Do In general, continue to manage as you have in the past. Apply work rules and appropriate policies, neither applying them more strictly nor more leniently

  17. In 145 "C" Student Union: 10:00 Green Careers for Any Major

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sachs, Frederick

    's Climate Action Plan Bradshaw Hovey, Building UB, bhovey@buffalo.edu http://www.buffalo.edu/ub2020_index.htm http://groundworkusa.org/ 1:00 Arctic Climate Change & UB's new Environmental Geosciences major In 145 "C" Student Union: 10:00 Green Careers for Any Major Ed Brodka, Career Services, brodka

  18. INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FORESTRY RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS (IUFRO) MANAGEMENT MEETS IN SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FORESTRY RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS (IUFRO) MANAGEMENT MEETS IN SOUTH AFRICA of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO). IUFRO is one of the world's oldest scientific organizations, well forestry focus, FABI staff and students were delighted to be able to meet and entertain the leaders

  19. FORT UNION COAL IN THE POWDER RIVER BASIN, WYOMING AND MONTANA: A SYNTHESIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter PS FORT UNION COAL IN THE POWDER RIVER BASIN, WYOMING AND MONTANA: A SYNTHESIS By R of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones in the Northern RockyMountains and Great Plains region, U Resource assessment of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones in the Northern Rocky Mountains and Great

  20. FORT UNION COAL IN THE GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN, EAST FLANK OF THE ROCK SPRINGS UPLIFT,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter GS FORT UNION COAL IN THE GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN, EAST FLANK OF THE ROCK SPRINGS UPLIFT 1999 Resource assessment of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones in the Northern Rocky in the toolbar to return. 1999 Resource assessment of selected Tertiary coal beds and zones in the Northern Rocky

  1. Communist coalmining union activists and postwar reconstruction, 1945-52: Germany, Poland, and Britain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fishman, N.; Prazmowska, A.J.; Heith, H. [University of Westminster, London (United Kingdom)

    2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The demand for coal in war-torn Europe after VE Day gave coalmining trade unions unprecedented bargaining leverage. Miners' incomes had been depressed throughout the interwar period, and they were now anxious to recover their past high wages and improve their conditions. In several key European countries, Communists were prominent among the leadership of mining trade unions. Communist miners' leaders Willi Agatz, Edward Gierek and Arthur Horner each faced unprecedented opportunities and challenges at the onset of the Cold War in 1948, as they sought to fuse their parallel identities as committed and influential Communists and as conscientious trade union negotiators in these newly advantageous circumstances. Each of these three 'revolutionary' trade unionists pursued strategies that revived the position of miners, without undermining the potential for economic recovery in their respective countries - for which an uninterrupted supply of coal remained critical. A comparative study of the personal and political experiences of the three Communist miners' leaders enhances our understanding of the evolution of Communist trade unionism in the early postwar period.

  2. South Africa European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 South Africa ­ European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, Department of Biodiversity, University of Limpopo, South Africa Dr. Dominique ROLLIN, CEMAGREF, French Joint, South Africa Dr Mbhuti HLOPHE, Department of Chemistry, North West University, South Africa Prof K

  3. 15 2 1 2013 Union Press ccchan@eee.hku.hk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Ka-Cheong

    17 LTO LTO LTO LTO Altairnano, 2012 Wave energy Wind energy Geothermal energy Wind energy Modern biomass energy Solar energy Geothermal energy #12;18 Studies in Science15 2 1 2013 Union Press ccchan@eee.hku.hk ln.jian@siat.ac.cn Correlation between energy

  4. The Economic Partnership Agreements Between the European Union and the African-Caribbean-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    The Economic Partnership Agreements Between the European Union and the African-Caribbean- Pacific ............................................................................................................................ 33 #12;4 LIST OF ACRONYMS ACP African, Caribbean and Pacific [countries] AEC African Economic negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with countries in the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP

  5. FRAMEWORK GEOLOGY OF FORT UNION COAL IN THE EASTERN ROCK SPRINGS UPLIFT,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter GF FRAMEWORK GEOLOGY OF FORT UNION COAL IN THE EASTERN ROCK SPRINGS UPLIFT, GREATER GREEN RIVER BASIN, WYOMING By R.M. Flores,1 A.M. Ochs,2 and L.R. Bader1 in U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1625-A 1 U.S. Geological Survey 2 Consultant, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado 1999

  6. Santiago-Valles, Kelvin, Associate Professor, PhD, 1980, Union Graduate School: Latin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    319 Santiago-Valles, Kelvin, Associate Professor, PhD, 1980, Union Graduate School: Latin America, theories, ideologies. (1984) Sarkar, Mahua, Assistant Professor, PhD, 1999, Johns Hopkins University, PhD, 1967, Yale University: Political economy, revolutionary change, East Asia, socialist development

  7. Design for Product-Embedded Disassembly Pathways* Shingo Takeuchi and Kazuhiro Saitou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    Union (EU) directive on Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) (more than 50% of product must

  8. Environmental assessment for the purchase of Russian low enriched uranium derived from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons in the countries of the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States is proposing to purchase from the Russian Federation low enriched uranium (LEU) derived from highly enriched uranium (HEU) resulting from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons in the countries of the former Soviet Union. The purchase would be accomplished through a proposed contract requiring the United States to purchase 15,250 metric tons (tonnes) of LEU (or 22,550 tonnes of UF{sub 6}) derived from blending 500 metric tones uranium (MTU) of HEU from nuclear warheads. The LEU would be in the form of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) and would be converted from HEU in Russia. The United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC) is the entity proposing to undertake the contract for purchase, sale, and delivery of the LEU from the Russian Federation. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is negotiating the procedure for gaining confidence that the LEU is derived from HEU that is derived from dismantled nuclear weapons (referred to as ``transparency),`` and would administer the transparency measures for the contract. There are six environments that could potentially be affected by the proposed action; marine (ocean); US ports of entry; truck or rail transportation corridors; the Portsmouth GDP; the electric power industry; and the nuclear fuel cycle industry. These environmental impacts are discussed.

  9. An evaluation of EIA system performance in eight EU countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, A. [Univ. of Aberdeen (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Aberdeen (United Kingdom); Wood, C. [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). EIA Centre] [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). EIA Centre

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation of the quality of environmental impact assessment (EIA) reports, modifications to projects as a result of EIA, and the influence of changes to EIA procedures in the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, and Portugal is reported. The overall proportion of satisfactory EIA reports sampled increased from 50% to 71% between 1990--1991 and 1994--1996. Several modifications to projects occurred as a result of the EIA process, but there was no apparent trend over time relating to the number or significance of modifications. All the eight Member States had taken major or minor measures to modify EIA procedures and these either have already improved the quality of EIA practice or are expected to do so. A series of recommendations to improve the performance of the EIA process is presented.

  10. UAW Local 2865 Membership Election Form UAW Local 2865 is the Union representing academic student employees (ASEs) at the University of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    07/24/12 UAW Local 2865 Membership Election Form UAW Local 2865 is the Union representing academic student employees (ASEs) at the University of California (UC). As the exclusive representative, the Union representatives, and otherwise participate in the Union. Or I decline membership in UAW Local 2865. As a non

  11. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Scaling-Up On-Site Composting in the Student Union Building ~UBC Vancouver~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Site Composting in the Student Union Building ~UBC Vancouver~ GRS 397 August 26, 2014 891 1673 University-Site Composting in the Student Union Building ~UBC Vancouver~ 2 Conducted by: Emme Lee Conducted for: AMS;Author: Emme Lee Scaling-Up On-Site Composting in the Student Union Building ~UBC Vancouver~ 3 CONTEXT

  12. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Scaling-Up On-Site Composting in the Student Union Building ~UBC Vancouver~

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Site Composting in the Student Union Building ~UBC Vancouver~ GRS 497B November 01, 2013 282 1667 University-Site Composting in the Student Union Building ~UBC Vancouver~ 2 Conducted by: Emme Lee Email: Phone: Conducted for: November 2013 #12;Author: Emme Lee Scaling-Up On-Site Composting in the Student Union Building ~UBC

  13. Forschung und EU-Hochschulbro, Technologietransfer Anschrift: Brhlstr. 27 30169 Hannover Tel.: (0511) 762 4091 Fax: 3009 dezernat4@zuv.uni-hannover.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejdl, Wolfgang

    for a Greener Agriculture (ERA-Net ICT-AGRI) 12 6.1.2. EU/BMELV: Transnationale Projekte im Bereich Bioenergie 10. Agrarwissenschaften 17 10.1.1. EU/BMELV: Transnationale Projekte im Bereich "Agricultural Umweltschutzprojekten 17 11.1.2. EU/BMELV: ICT and Automation for a Greener Agriculture (ERA-Net ICT-AGRI) 18 11.1.3. EU

  14. Climate research in the former Soviet Union. FASAC: Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center technical assessment report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.; Ellsaesser, H.W.; Harshvardhan; Hoffert, M.I.; Randall, D.A.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report assesses the state of the art in several areas of climate research in the former Soviet Union. This assessment was performed by a group of six internationally recognized US experts in related fields. The areas chosen for review are: large-scale circulation processes in the atmosphere and oceans; atmospheric radiative processes; cloud formation processes; climate effects of natural atmospheric disturbances; and the carbon cycle, paleoclimates, and general circulation model validation. The study found an active research community in each of the above areas. Overall, the quality of climate research in the former Soviet Union is mixed, although the best Soviet work is as good as the best corresponding work in the West. The best Soviet efforts have principally been in theoretical studies or data analysis. However, an apparent lack of access to modern computing facilities has severely hampered the Soviet research. Most of the issues considered in the Soviet literature are known, and have been discussed in the Western literature, although some extraordinary research in paleoclimatology was noted. Little unusual and exceptionally creative material was found in the other areas during the study period (1985 through 1992). Scientists in the former Soviet Union have closely followed the Western literature and technology. Given their strengths in theoretical and analytical methods, as well as their possession of simplified versions of detailed computer models being used in the West, researchers in the former Soviet Union have the potential to make significant contributions if supercomputers, workstations, and software become available. However, given the current state of the economy in the former Soviet Union, it is not clear that the computer gap will be bridged in the foreseeable future.

  15. Fact sheet EU poll illegal timber trade Illegal logging and related timber trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    March 2009 Fact sheet EU poll illegal timber trade Illegal logging and related timber trade Illegal level is needed to halt the trade in illegal timber and timber products on the European market trade. It has clarified obligations for all companies in the supply chain to prove the legality

  16. Water Research 39 (2005) 239247 Biosorption of La, Eu and Yb using Sargassum biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    Water Research 39 (2005) 239­247 Biosorption of La, Eu and Yb using Sargassum biomass Vivian Diniz-loaded biomass was studied. The ion exchange sorption mechanism was confirmed by the release of calcium ions from the biomass that matched the total number of metal and protons removed from the solution. The metal binding

  17. Influence of high magnetic field on the luminescence of Eu{sup 3+}-doped glass ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Wei; Chen, Weibo; Chen, Ping; Xu, Beibei; Zheng, Shuhong; Guo, Qiangbing; Liu, Xiaofeng, E-mail: xfliu@zju.edu.cn, E-mail: qjr@zju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027 (China); Zhang, Junpei; Han, Junbo [Wuhan National High Magnetic field Center, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Qiu, Jianrong, E-mail: xfliu@zju.edu.cn, E-mail: qjr@zju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027 (China); State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640 (China)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Rare earth (RE) doped materials have been widely exploited as the intriguing electronic configuration of RE ions offers diverse functionalities from optics to magnetism. However, the coupling of magnetism with photoluminescence (PL) in such materials has been rarely reported in spite of its fundamental significance. In the present paper, the effect of high pulsed magnetic field on the photoluminescence intensity of Eu{sup 3+}-doped nano-glass-ceramics has been investigated. In our experiment, Eu-doped oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic were prepared by the conventional melt-quenching process and controlled heat treatment. The results demonstrate that the integrated PL intensity of Eu{sup 3+} decreases with the enhancement of magnetic field, which can be interpreted in terms of cooperation effect of Zeeman splitting and magnetic field induced change in site symmetry. Furthermore, as a result of Zeeman splitting, both blue and red shift in the emission peaks of Eu{sup 3+} can be observed, and this effect becomes more prominent with the increase of magnetic field. Possible mechanisms associated with the observed magneto-optical behaviors are suggested. The results of the present paper may open a new gate for modulation of luminescence by magnetic field and remote optical detection of magnetic field.

  18. GEE Workshop, Mnchen, 6 Juni 2008 The EU Policy Framework for the Promotion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    production but also distribution and end-use pose enormous challenges ­ Hydrogen and fuel cells are still to hydrogen and fuel cell development ­ Regional dimension/cluster policy We therefore address the following questions ­ To what extent is the current EU policy framework conducive to hydrogen and fuel cell

  19. TRANSFORMING THE EUROPEAN ENERGY SYSTEM: MEMBER STATES' PROSPECTS WITHIN THE EU FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and energy policy; National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs); environmental federalism; mitigation scenarios energies in the official National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs) (EEA, 2012). In 2011, the EuropeanTRANSFORMING THE EUROPEAN ENERGY SYSTEM: MEMBER STATES' PROSPECTS WITHIN THE EU FRAMEWORK BRIGITTE

  20. HEAT ROADMAP EUROPE 2050 SECOND PRE-STUDY FOR THE EU27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolaei, Alireza Rezania

    HEAT ROADMAP EUROPE 2050 SECOND PRE-STUDY FOR THE EU27 By Aalborg University David Connolly Brian in various reports and studies, i.e. in the Energy Efficiency of the Energy Roadmap 2050 published) of the Energy Roadmap are over-ambitious as regards the reduction of final heat demands in buildings (72

  1. The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh (Jessica)

    The knowledge economy in Europe A report prepared for the 2007 EU Spring Council Prepared by Ian. Knowledge industry employment in Europe 6 4. Moving towards a knowledge based economy in Europe 7 5 10 8. Investing in knowledge 11 9. Next steps 23 Sponsors for the knowledge economy programme include

  2. ASTRONOMY TO INSPIRE AND EDUCATE YOUNG CHILDREN EU-UNAWE Lorentz Center Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    Africa (provisional title) (10 min) Right Honorable Dr. E. N. N. Ngcobo MP, Chair, South African between Europe and Africa Prof. T Riera, MEP, EU Parliamentary Committee: Industry, Research and Energy: Astronomy for Development, South Africa Reaching disadvantaged children using astronomy and space (5 min

  3. Summary of the 1st EuCAN Workshop "Universities meet laboratories (ULA2014)"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aleksan, R; Appleby, R; Arduini, G; Assmann, R; Aulenbacher, K; Bambade, P; Barletta, W; Boine-Frankenheim, O; Burrows, P; Faus-Golfe, A; Guiducci, S; Herr, W; Pavlovi?, M; Podlech, H; Rinolfi, L; Rivkin, L; Russenschuck, S; Schleiff, E; Seidel, M; Stoecker, H; Stroth, J; Valloni, A; Ziemann, V

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1st EuCAN workshop ULA2014 illuminated the interplay of universities and laboratories. The workshop took place at the Faculty of Applied Physics of the Goethe-University Frankfurt from 30 September to 1 October 2014. The 40 participants (see Fig. 1) mainly came from European countries.

  4. EU Gives Japan Until End-June to Accept Nuclear-Project Offer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    must begin this year. The EU made the partnership offer in November to break a deadlock in which China of negotiations.'' ITER, which would generate ``clean'' energy by fusing together light atoms such as hydrogen reach an agreement. ``Only on a political level is it possible to get a solution quickly,'' he said

  5. EU in push for support on nuclear fusion reactor September 26, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to obtain power through nuclear fusion, a clean energy source. But views are split on where the ITER reactor, estimated to cost around $10 billion over 30 years, should be based. While the EU, backed by China yesterday. Diplomats said the US resistance seemed to be political rather than based on scientific grounds

  6. An EIE/Altener project Co-funded by the EU Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and energy aspects of the biogas production by centralised co-digestion in selected areas of six EU countries-technical barriers for the implementation and development of biogas from centralised co-digestion in the studied Assessment of a Centralised co-digestion Plant hypothetically sited in Aveyron, Midi Pyrenees France June

  7. An EIE/Altener project Co-funded by the EU Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is to assess the economic, environmental and energy aspects of the biogas production by centralised co-digestion and processed in digesting tanks for 15 days. During this period the biogas emerges and is collected. After of Biogas for Electricity and Heat Production in EU countries. Economic and Environmental Benefits of Biogas

  8. Call title: ENERGY -EU India Call Call identifier: FP7-ENERGY-2010-INDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Collaborative ProjectAREA ENERGY.2.1: PHOTOVOLTAICS ENERGY.2010.2.1-3: Development of new concentrator modules and field performance evaluation of Concentrated PV systems - EU-India Call Collaborative Project AREA will be constituted if there is a sufficient number of good quality proposals. It will be used if extra budget becomes

  9. CARBON LEAKAGE AND CAPACITY-BASED ALLOCATIONS. IS THE EU RIGHT?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    petroleum...). Three main approaches have been proposed: output based allocation (Aus- tralia, California makes the dierence. A calibration of the model is used to evaluate the EU scheme for the cement sec- tor and Business Economics (Guy Meunier and Jean-Pierre Ponssard). 1 hal-00672907,version1-22Feb2012 #12

  10. EU Informal Competitiveness Council (Ian Lucas, Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Business and Regulatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    prioritised recovery from the economic crisis and financial stability, focusing on external (i.e. outside EU-efficient economy. There was general support among member states that economic growth and environmental protection to be strengthened and that the mandate of the Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST) advisory

  11. Options introduction and volatility in the EU ETS1 Julien Chevallier 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of derivatives instruments on the underlying crude oil market and derived products. Thus, detecting whether identify a potential destabilizing effect of the introduction of options on the underlying market (EU ETS either decrease (due to more market depth) or increase (due to more speculation) volatility

  12. STYRIAN ACADEMY for Sustainable Energies | http://styrianacademy.eu Graz University of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STYRIAN ACADEMY for Sustainable Energies | http://styrianacademy.eu Graz University of Technology #12;ABOUT THE STYRIAN ACADEMY The STYRIAN ACADEMY is a unique international European life. The STYRIAN ACADEMY addresses business, science and politics as well as excellent students and an interested

  13. Preprint 24th EU PVSEC, 2009, Hamburg FITTING OF LATERAL RESISTANCES IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junk, Michael

    Preprint 24th EU PVSEC, 2009, Hamburg FITTING OF LATERAL RESISTANCES IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS cell from electroluminescence (EL) is introduced. A two-dimensional model of the solar cell screen printed monocrystalline silicon solar cell are shown and the influence of lateral diffusion

  14. International Internship at EuCham For students participating in LLP-ERASMUS programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schüler, Axel

    International Internship at EuCham For students participating in LLP-ERASMUS programme We coordination. We offer an internship in an international environment, in which you can both gain knowledge Minimum duration of 6 months Internship takes place in Budapest Internship is unpaid Official language

  15. -News Home Help EU again warns could mount nuclear project without Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    revealed. news web sites The European Commission ( - ) is set to propose that negotiating strategy next the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). news web sites Talks in Vienna on Tuesday made some support the Japanese bid -- and Russia and China, which back the EU bid. news web sites Ambassadors from

  16. -News Home Help EU offers 'sweetener' to Japan to let France host nuclear project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to host a revolutionary nuclear fusion project. news web sites "I cannot elaborate on the sweetener, but I Wednesday after talks in Vienna on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). news web ( - ) -- which have supported the Japanese bid -- plus Russia and China, which back the EU bid.news web sites

  17. A nuclear magnetic resonance probe of Fe-Al and Al20V2Eu intermetallics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chi, Ji

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Al-rich Fe-Al systems (FeAl2, Fe2 Al5 and Fe4Al13) and Al20V2Eu have complicated structures with quasicrystal-like features making these materials potentially of interest for magnetic behavior. However, there is not much work on these materials...

  18. pEtrolEuM EnginEEring College of Engineering and Mines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    pEtrolEuM EnginEEring College of Engineering and Mines Department of Petroleum Engineering 907 engineering offers a unique look at the challenging problems confronting the petroleum industry. This program and engineering science. Courses in petroleum engineering deal with drilling, formation evaluation, production

  19. Potential for meeting the EU new passenger car CO? emissions targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatt, Kandarp

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2009, the European Parliament agreed to limit the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars sold in the European Union to an average of 130g/km by 2015. Further, a probable longer-term CO2 emissions target of 95g/km is ...

  20. FISHERY STATISTICS UNITED STATES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FISHERY STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES 1972 STATISTICAL DIGEST NO. 66 Prepared by STATISTICS;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The data in this edition of "Fishery Statistics of the United States" were collected in co- operation with the various States and tabulated by the staff of the Statistics and Market News Division

  1. Associative list processing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D.

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full. Also, an associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and using a tree of prioritized multiplexers descending from the plurality of cell blocks.

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    Assessment Thomas M. Quigley, Editor U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research, and Andy Wilson. Thomas M. Quigley Editor United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service United Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 120 p. (Quigley, Thomas M., ed.; Interior Columbia Basin

  3. United States Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Protect Your Family From Lead in Your Home United States Environmental Protection Agency United · What you can do to protect your family · Where to go for more information Before renting or buying Family from Lead Hazards If you think your home has lead-based paint: · Don't try to remove lead

  4. THE EFFECTS OF FLAME TEMPERATURE, PARTICLE SIZE AND EUROPIUM DOPING CONCENTRATION ON THE PROPERTIES OF Y2O3:EU PARTICLES FORMED IN A FLAME AEROSOL PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yim, Hoon

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Y2O3:Eu particles are phosphors that have found wide applications. Flamesynthesized Y2O3:Eu particles may have either the cubic or the monoclinic structure. The effects of particle size and Eu doping concentration on crystal structure...

  5. Structural Properties of Eu-Doped GaN Investigated by Raman Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senawiratne, J; Xia, Y; Detchprohm, T; Tringe, J W; Stevens, C G; Wetzel, C

    2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Rare-earth (RE) impurities doped GaN are highly promising candidates for light emitting device applications due to their efficient electroluminescence properties at room temperature. Among those, Eu doped GaN has been identified as an excellent material for the red spectral region due to its strong emission at 620 nm. As a transition internal to the Eu doping atom (4f-4f), light emission originates in a much smaller complex than the more flexibly controllable quantum structures of wells, wires, and dots. This is thought to make the center less susceptible to structural defects and in particular radiation damage in the lattice host. Nevertheless, the lattice host is crucial for providing the excitation in from of free electrons and holes. In this respect, the actual lattice site Eu occupies in the host lattice, i.e. in GaN, is important. A large fraction of Eu atoms are typically inactive which must be attributed to their lattice site and local environment. GaN films implanted with Eu to concentrations of {approx}10{sup 18} cm{sup -3} were subjected to a highly directed beam of 500 keV He{sup +} at a dose of 5 x 10{sup 14} cm{sup -2}. By means of a shadow mask, irradiated and unexposed regions lie very close to each other on the same sample. We used optical and structural analysis to identify the exerted radiation damage. At the full radiation dose, photoluminescence intensity has decayed to {approx}0.01 of its initial value. From the dose dependence of the radiation decay we previously concluded, that this decay is in part due to the destruction of radiative Eu sites [J.W. Tringe, unpublished (2006)]. Along the transition from virgin to irradiated material we analyze the accumulated damage in terms of surface morphology (atomic force microscopy), crystallinity (x-ray diffraction), and phonon dispersion using micro-Raman spectroscopy. In addition to the well-studied E{sub 2}(high) mode, two new vibrational modes at 659 cm{sup -1} and 201 cm{sup -1} were observed in the Eu implanted and annealed sample, prior to He{sup +} irradiation. These modes are either remnants of the implantation damage or related to the Eu impurity. As such they can be indicative of the actual lattice site the Eu atom resides on. After irradiation, broad Raman modes at 300 cm-1 are being observed. This band indicates disorder activated Raman scattering (DARS) due to the radiation damage. An additional narrow mode appears at 672 cm{sup -1}, which can possibly be due to a nitrogen vacancy related vibrational mode. The continuous transition from irradiated to un-irradiated sample allows the direct evolution of radiation damage and its coordinated effects in structural, optical and vibrational properties. By its systematic correlation we anticipate to be able to elucidate the Eu lattice interaction and the processes of radiation damage.

  6. Synthesis, Crystal and Electronic Structure of the Quaternary Magnetic EuTAl4Si2 (T = Rh and Ir) Compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maurya, Arvind [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research; Thamizhavel, Arumugam [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research; Provino, Alessia [University of Genova; Pani, Marcella [University of Genova; Manfrinetti, Pietro [University of Genova; Paudyal, Durga [Ames Laboratory; Dhar, Sudesh Kumar [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research

    2014-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Single crystals of the quaternary europium compounds EuRhAl4Si2 and EuIrAl4Si2 were synthesized by using the Al–Si binary eutectic as a flux. The structure of the two quaternary compounds has been refined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Both compounds are stoichiometric and adopt an ordered derivative of the ternary KCu4S3 structure type (tetragonal tP8, P4/mmm). The two compounds reported here represent the first example of a quaternary and truly stoichiometric 1:1:4:2 phase crystallizing with this structure type. In light of our present results, the structure of the BaMg4Si3 compound given in literature as representing a new prototype is actually isotypic with the KCu4S3 structure. Local spin density approximation including the Hubbard U parameter (LSDA + U) calculations show that Eu ions are in the divalent state, with a significant hybridization between the Eu 5d, Rh (Ir) 4d (5d), Si 3p and Al 3p states. Magnetic susceptibility measured along the [001] direction confirms the divalent nature of the Eu ions in EuRhAl4Si2 and EuIrAl4Si2, which order magnetically near 11 and 15 K, respectively.

  7. Light-induced structural changes in Eu-doped (Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Myint, Thandar; Gunawidjaja, Ray; Eilers, Hergen [Applied Sciences Laboratory, Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University, Spokane, Washington 99210-1495 (United States)

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluorescence spectra of poled and unpoled Eu-doped (Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} ceramics with various compositions were measured using 580 nm excitation. The ratio of the intensities of the Eu{sup 3+} {sup 5}D{sub 0}{yields}{sup 7}F{sub 2}/{sup 5}D{sub 0}{yields}{sup 7}F{sub 1} fluorescence transitions was used as an indicator for the symmetry of the Eu{sup 3+} site. As the symmetry decreases, the ratio increases. Increasing the Zr content in (Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} increases the ratio, indicating that the symmetry of the Eu{sup 3+} site decreases. Exposure of the Eu-doped (Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} samples to UV light also increases the intensity ratio, indicating that UV light exposure leads to structural distortions in Eu-doped (Pb,La)(Zr,Ti)O{sub 3} samples, lowering the Eu{sup 3+} site symmetry.

  8. Thermal neutron diffraction determination of the magnetic structure of EuCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rowan-Weetaluktuk, W. N.; Ryan, D. H., E-mail: dhryan@physics.mcgill.ca [Department of Physics, and Centre for the Physics of Materials, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T8 (Canada); Lemoine, P. [Laboratoire CRISMAT, ENSICAEN, UMR 6508 CNRS, 6 Boulevard du Maréchal Juin, 14050 Caen Cedex 4 (France); Cadogan, J. M. [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra BC 2610 (Australia)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnetic structure of EuCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} has been determined by flat-plate neutron powder diffraction. Two magnetic phases are present in the neutron diffraction pattern at 3.5?K. They have the same moment, within error, and a common transition temperature. Both {sup 151}Eu and {sup 153}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy show that the two magnetic phases belong to the same crystallographic phase. Both phases can be modelled by planar helimagnetic structures: one with a propagation vector of [0.654(1), 0, 0], the other with a propagation vector of [0.410(1), 0.225(1), 0].

  9. Automatically clustering similar units for unit selection in speech synthesis. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W; Taylor, Paul A

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a new method for synthesizing speech by concatenating sub-word units from a database of labelled speech. A large unit inventory is created by automatically clustering units of the same phone class ...

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Appliances in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  13. Stochastic Unit Commitment in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Römisch, Werner

    the amount of installed pumped storage capacity enables the inclusion of pumped storage plants units. Its total capacity is about 13,000 megawatts (MW), including a hydro capacity of 1,700 MW

  14. Associative list processing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full.

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Space...

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  19. Voltage verification unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Martin, Edward J. (Virginia Beach, VA)

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A voltage verification unit and method for determining the absence of potentially dangerous potentials within a power supply enclosure without Mode 2 work is disclosed. With this device and method, a qualified worker, following a relatively simple protocol that involves a function test (hot, cold, hot) of the voltage verification unit before Lock Out/Tag Out and, and once the Lock Out/Tag Out is completed, testing or "trying" by simply reading a display on the voltage verification unit can be accomplished without exposure of the operator to the interior of the voltage supply enclosure. According to a preferred embodiment, the voltage verification unit includes test leads to allow diagnostics with other meters, without the necessity of accessing potentially dangerous bus bars or the like.

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  1. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a typical wind energy production facility, the results warrant further research on the use of acoustic;1 INTRODUCTION Over the past decade, wind energy production capacity in the United States has increased

  2. " Million Housing Units, Preliminary"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, By Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Preliminary" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)"...

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South"...

  5. " Million Housing Units, Final"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty...

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Water...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  9. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to 39,999","40,000 to 59,999","60,000 to...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to 39,999","40,000 to 59,999","60,000 to...

  13. Magnetic ordering of divalent europium in double perovskites Eu{sub 2}LnTaO{sub 6} (Ln=rare earths)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Misawa, Yoshitaka; Doi, Yoshihiro [Division of Chemistry, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan); Hinatsu, Yukio, E-mail: hinatsu@sci.hokudai.ac.jp [Division of Chemistry, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Structures and magnetic properties of double perovskite-type oxides Eu{sub 2}LnTaO{sub 6} (Ln=Eu, Dy-Lu) were investigated. These compounds adopt a distorted double perovskite structure with space group P2{sub 1}/n. Magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, and {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectrum measurements show that the Eu{sup 2+} ions at the 12-coordinate sites of the perovskite structure are antiferromagnetically ordered at {approx}4 K, and that Ln{sup 3+} ions at the 6-coordinate site are in the paramagnetic state down to 1.8 K. - Graphical abstract: Magnetic properties of double perovskite-type oxides Eu{sub 2}LnTaO{sub 6} (Ln=Eu, Dy-Lu) were investigated. Magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, and {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectrum measurements show that the Eu{sup 2+} ions at the 12-coordinate sites of the perovskite structure are antiferromagnetically ordered at {approx}4 K. Highlights: > Crystal structures of double perovskites Eu{sub 2}LnTaO{sub 6} (Ln=rare earth) were determined. > We found that these compounds show an antiferromagnetic ordering at {approx}4 K. > The magnetic ordering is due to the interactions of Eu{sup 2+} ions. > It was elucidated by specific heat and {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectrum measurements.

  14. Short-Term Energy Tests of a Credit Union Building in Idaho (Draft)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.; Balcomb, J. D.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes tests and results of the energy performance of a credit union building in Idaho. The building is in the Energy Edge Program administered by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). BPA provided incentives to incorporate innovative features designed to conserve energy use by the building. It is of interest to determine the actual performance of these features. The objective of this project was to evaluate the applicability of the SERI short-term energy monitoring (STEM) method to nonresidential buildings.

  15. Why and How the European Union Can Get a (Near To) Carbon-Free Energy System in 2050?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Christopher

    Reducing the European Union GHG emissions by at least 80% by 2050 will require a near zero carbon electricity, road and rail transport industry, and heating and cooling in buildings. As compared to “business as usual” the ...

  16. Marriage or Civil Unions for Single Cells and Metagenomics (Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop: 10K Genomes at a Time)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rusch, Doug [J. Craig Venter Institute] [J. Craig Venter Institute

    2011-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    JCVI's Doug Rusch on "Marriage or Civil Unions for Single Cells and Metagenomes" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.

  17. Identifying and estimating the distributional effects of unionization and the long-term consequences of military service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frandsen, Brigham R

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is concerned with the economic consequences for individuals of two important U.S. labor market institutions: unionization and the military draft. The first chapter develops an econometric procedure for estimating ...

  18. Marriage or Civil Unions for Single Cells and Metagenomics (Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop: 10K Genomes at a Time)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rusch, Doug [J. Craig Venter Institute

    2013-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    JCVI's Doug Rusch on "Marriage or Civil Unions for Single Cells and Metagenomes" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.

  19. Best Buys and Unit Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide explains how to determine a unit price--the cost of an item based on a specific unit such as pound or ounce. Unit pricing can be used to identify foods that are the most economical....

  20. Barbara Nolan, European Commission, Head of Unit Higher Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    in lifelong learning #12;The Bologna Process - content · Shared Agenda between 46 countries · Bologna reforms Dimension #12;EU Modernisation Agenda · Governance reform ­ autonomy and accountability · Funding reform ­ diversified funding mechanisms · Curricula reform ­ the Bologna Process #12;EU programmes and initiatives

  1. 4/6/2014 EU Drafts Hydraulic Fracturing Guidelines to Mitigate Conflicting Laws | The DailyEnergyReport http://www.dailyenergyreport.com/eu-drafts-hydraulic-fracturing-guidelines-to-mitigate-conflicting-laws-2/ 1/7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    /eu-drafts-hydraulic-fracturing-guidelines-to-mitigate-conflicting-laws-2/ 1/7 Tweet 1 April 6, 2014 Search for a topic... GO Home Efficiency Renewables Buildings because of its durable nickel allow material and smart aerodynamic design. Post to Facebook Add to Linked The Maryland Electricity Market Americans Hop on Trains as Gas Prices Hit the Roof 1 #12;4/6/2014 EU Drafts

  2. Studies of the N=90 region: The decay of 154Eu to 154Gd

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulp, W.D.; Wood, J.L.; Krane, K.S.; Loats, J.; Schmelzenbach, P.; Stapels, C.J.; Larimer, R.-M.; Norman, E.B.

    2003-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The decay of {sup 154}Eu {yields} {sup 154}Gd has been studied by {gamma}-ray singles and {gamma}-{gamma} coincidence spectroscopy using an array of 20 Compton-suppressed Ge detectors. The primary goal of the work was to confirm or refute a large number of questionable features in the decay scheme: the outcome is the removal of 8 levels from the previously adopted scheme, with the result that a new type of collective band is revealed. Many weak decay branches for the decay are clarified. These results are critical for understanding the structure of {sup 154}Gd and the N = 90 isotones; and the improved completeness of the decay scheme contributes to the use of {sup 154}Eu as a metrological standard.

  3. Photon Physics and Plasma Research, WILGA 2012; EuCARD Sessions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romaniuk, R S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wilga Sessions on HEP experiments, astroparticle physica and accelerator technology were organized under the umbrella of the EU FP7 Project EuCARD – European Coordination for Accelerator Research and Development. This paper is the third part (out of five) of the research survey of WILGA Symposium work, May 2012 Edition, concerned with Photon Physics and Plasma Research. It presents a digest of chosen technical work results shown by young researchers from different technical universities from this country during the Jubilee XXXth SPIE-IEEE Wilga 2012, May Edition, symposium on Photonics and Web Engineering. Topical tracks of the symposium embraced, among others, nanomaterials and nanotechnologies for photonics, sensory and nonlinear optical fibers, object oriented design of hardware, photonic metrology, optoelectronics and photonics applications, photonics-electronics co-design, optoelectronic and electronic systems for astronomy and high energy physics experiments, JET tokamak and pi-of-the sky experiments ...

  4. Enhancement of the electron electric dipole moment in Eu{sup 2+}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skripnikov, L.V.; Titov, A.V.; Petrov, A. N.; Mosyagin, N. S. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, Leningrad District 188300 (Russian Federation); Sushkov, O. P. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052 (Australia)

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, the ferroelectric Eu{sub 0.5}Ba{sub 0.5}TiO{sub 3} was suggested for experimental searches of the electron electric dipole moment. To analyze results of the experiment and interpret them in terms of fundamental constants, the effective electric field E{sub eff} acting on unpaired electrons of the europium cation should be calculated. In the present paper we consider Eu{sup 2+} cation in the uniform external electric field E{sub ext} as the first step and important starting point toward the calculation of E{sub eff} in the real solid. We have performed high-level electronic structure correlation calculations using the coupled clusters theory compared to other approaches. The calculated value of the field enhancement coefficient is K=E{sub eff}/E{sub ext}=-4.6.

  5. Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastin, Mariah Margareta

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe Out of the current sovereign debt crisis, the continuing debate over the proper role and responsibility...

  6. First evidence of asymmetric cost pass-through of Eu emissions allowances : examining wholesale electricity prices in Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zachmann, Georg

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper applies the literature on asymmetric price transmission to the emerging commodity market for EU emissions allowances (EUA). We utilize an error correction model and an autoregressive distributed lag model to ...

  7. Full-Color Emission From In2S3 and In2S3:Eu3+ Nanoparticles....

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanoparticles. Full-Color Emission From In2S3 and In2S3:Eu3+ Nanoparticles. Abstract: Blue (425 nm) and green (510 nm) emission is observed from In2S3 nanoparticles which are...

  8. Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastin, Mariah Margareta

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT Fair Weather Friends or Pillars of Support: Assessing the Sources of Legitimacy of EU Governance Among the Public Across Europe Out of the current sovereign debt crisis, the continuing debate over the proper role and responsibility...

  9. Comparison of the Evolution of Energy Intensity in Spain and in the EU15. Why is Spain Different?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocaña, Carlos

    Energy intensity in Spain has increased since 1990, while the opposite has happened in the EU15. Decomposition analysis of primary energy intensity ratios has been used to identify which are the key sectors driving the ...

  10. Over-allocation or abatement? : a preliminary analysis of the EU ETS based on the 2005 emission data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellerman, A. Denny

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an initial analysis of the EU ETS based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, released on May 15, 2006, and subsequent ...

  11. Red emission from Eu-doped GaN luminescent films grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steckl, Andrew J.

    chemical vapor deposition on GaN/Al2O3 substrates. Trimethylgallium TMGa , ammonia (NH3), and europium 2 europium doping was performed utilizing a europium beta-diketonate, eu- ropium 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-3

  12. Sandia Energy - Phasor Measurement Units

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phasor Measurement Units Home Stationary Power Grid Modernization Cyber Security for Electric Infrastructure Phasor Measurement Units Phasor Measurement Unitsashoter2015-05-11T21:0...

  13. New high pressure rare earth tantalates RE{sub x}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5+1.5x} (RE=La, Eu, Yb)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zibrov, Igor P., E-mail: zibrov@mail.ru [Institute for High Pressure Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kaluzhskoe Highway 14, Troitsk, Moscow 142190 (Russian Federation); Filonenko, Vladimir P., E-mail: filv@hppi.troitsk.ru [Institute for High Pressure Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kaluzhskoe Highway 14, Troitsk, Moscow 142190 (Russian Federation); Zakharov, Nikolai D., E-mail: zakharov@mpi-halle.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle/Saale (Germany); Werner, Peter, E-mail: werner@mpi-halle.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute for Microstructure Physics, Weinberg 2, D-06120 Halle/Saale (Germany); Drobot, Dmitrii V., E-mail: dvdrobot@mail.ru [Lomonosov Moscow University of Fine Chemical Technology, Prospect Vernadskogo 86, Moscow 119571 (Russian Federation); Nikishina, Elena E.; Lebedeva, Elena N., E-mail: helena_nick@mail.ru [Lomonosov Moscow University of Fine Chemical Technology, Prospect Vernadskogo 86, Moscow 119571 (Russian Federation)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Rare earth tantalates La{sub 0.075}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5.113}, Eu{sub 0.089}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5.134} and Yb{sub 0.051}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5.077} have been prepared by solid state reaction at P=7.0 GPa and T=1050–1100 °C and studied by X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis and electron microscopy. Low hydrated amorphous tantalum, lanthanum, europium and ytterbium hydroxides were used as starting materials. Aqueous as well as anhydrous compounds were obtained. Title tantalates are crystallized in the structure type of F–Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} [Zibrov et al. Russ. J. Inorg. Chem. 48 (2003) 464–471] [5]. The structure was refined by the Rietveld method from X-ray powder diffractometer data: La{sub 0.075}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5.113}, a=10.5099(2), b=7.2679(1), c=6.9765(1) Å, V=532.90(1) Å{sup 3}, Z=6, space group Ibam; Eu{sub 0.089}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5.134}, a=10.4182(3), b=7.2685(1), c=6.9832(1) Å, V=528.80(2) Å{sup 3}, Z=6, space group Ibam; Yb{sub 0.051}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5.077}, a=10.4557(2), b=7.3853(1), c=6.8923(1) Å, V=532.21(1) Å{sup 3}, Z=6, space group Ibam. RE atoms do not replace the tantalum in its positions but the only water in the channels of the structure. Highly charged cations RE{sup +3} compress the unit cell so that its volume becomes less than that of F–Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Significant decrease of the unit cell volume after water removal from the structure is possible due to the puckering of pentagonal bipyramid layers and change of the corrugation angle in the layer. - Graphical abstract: The structure of RE{sub x}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5+1.5x} and its HRTEM image (“A” arrows show empty channel, “B” arrows show filled channel). - Highlights: • We synthesized new tantalates of RE under high pressure high temperature conditions. • RE atoms replace water molecules in the channels of the structure. • Aqueous as well as anhydrous tantalates were obtained. • Highly charged cations RE{sup +3} compress the unit cell decreasing RE–O distances.

  14. East of Eden: a poststructuralist analysis of Croatia’s identity in the context of EU accession 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zambelli, Natasa

    2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the early 1990s Croatia has defined membership of the European Union as one of its primary goals. However, the immediate post-war period and the difficult transition to democracy left Croatia in relative isolation ...

  15. Tuning cationic composition of La:EuTiO{sub 3??} films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shkabko, Andrey, E-mail: shkabko@gmail.com [Forschungszentrum Jülich, Peter Grünberg Institut (PGI-7), D-52425 Jülich (Germany); Empa, Solid State Chemistry and Catalysis, CH-8600 Dübendorf (Switzerland); Xu, Chencheng; Meuffels, Paul; Gunkel, Felix; Dittmann, Regina; Waser, Rainer [Forschungszentrum Jülich, Peter Grünberg Institut (PGI-7), D-52425 Jülich (Germany); Weidenkaff, Anke [Empa, Solid State Chemistry and Catalysis, CH-8600 Dübendorf (Switzerland)

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eu{sub 1?x}La{sub x}TiO{sub 3??} (x = 0, 0.3, 0.5) films were deposited in a p(Ar(96%)/H{sub 2}(4%)) = 4 × 10{sup ?4} mbar atmosphere on (LaAlO{sub 3}){sub 0.3}-(Sr{sub 2}AlTaO{sub 6}){sub 0.7} vicinal substrates (0.1°). Reflection high-energy electron diffraction oscillation characteristics of a layer-by-layer growth mode were observed for stoichiometric and Ti-rich films and the laser fluence suited to deposit stoichiometric films was identified to be 1.25 J/cm{sup 2} independent of the La content. The variety of resulting film compositions follows the general trend of Eu-enrichment for low laser and Ti-enrichment for high laser fluence. X-ray diffraction confirms that all the films are compressively strained with a general trend of an increase of c-axis elongation for non-stoichiometric films. The surfaces of non-stoichiometric films have an increased roughness, the highest sheet resistances, exhibit the presence of islands, and are Eu{sup 3+} rich for films deposited at low laser fluence.

  16. Enhanced magnetization and improved insulating character in Eu substituted BiFeO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durga Rao, T.; Asthana, Saket, E-mail: asthanas@iith.ac.in [Advanced Functional Materials Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh–502205 (India); Ranjith, R. [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh–502205 (India)

    2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The polycrystalline Bi{sub 1?x}Eu{sub x}FeO{sub 3} (x?=?0, 0.05, and 0.1) ceramics were synthesized by conventional solid-state route. X-ray diffraction studies and Raman measurements revealed that the compounds crystallized in rhombohedral structure with R3c space group. In addition, a nominal percentage of orthorhombic phase was observed in 10 mol.?% Eu substituted BiFeO{sub 3}. Appearance of weak ferromagnetism and significant increase in Néel temperature T{sub N} in the substituted compounds were discussed on the basis of structural distortions. Enhanced remnant magnetization of 75 memu/g and large coercive field of 6.4?kÖe were observed in 10 mol.?% Eu substituted BiFeO{sub 3}. Equivalent circuit model was employed to estimate the grain and grain boundary contributions towards the electrical parameters such as resistance and conductivity. Non-Debye type of relaxation was confirmed from impedance and electric modulus studies. The obtained frequency variation of ac conductivity at different temperature obeys Jonscher's power law and is consistent with the correlated barrier hopping model. Temperature variations of ac conductivity explained that electronic hopping, oxygen vacancies movement, and/or creation of defects contribute to conduction in all the compounds.

  17. Microstructural and photocatatlytic properties of Eu-doped mesporous titanium dioxide nanopaticles by sol–gel method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Daimei, E-mail: chendaimei@cugb.edu.cn [National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Sciences and Technology, University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083 (China)] [National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Sciences and Technology, University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083 (China); Zhu, Qian; Lv, Zhijin; Deng, Xutao; Zhou, Fengsan; Deng, Yanxi [National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Sciences and Technology, University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083 (China)] [National Laboratory of Mineral Materials, School of Materials Sciences and Technology, University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ? Eu-doped TiO{sub 2} was prepared using sol–gel method in the presence of pluronic P123. ? Eu atoms were doped into the lattice of anatase TiO{sub 2}. ? Eu doping can increase the band gap of TiO{sub 2}. ? Eu-doped TiO{sub 2} exhibited much higher photocatalytic activity than undoped TiO{sub 2}. -- Abstract: The europium-doped mesoporous titanium dioxide nanoparticles (Eu-doped TiO{sub 2}) with the different Eu/Ti rations were prepared using sol–gel method in the presence of tir-block copolymer pluronic P123. The as-prepared catalysts were characterized by low-angle and wide-angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), N{sub 2} absorption–desorption, ultraviolet visible light spectroscopy (UV–vis) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. The XRD analysis indicated that all as-prepared TiO{sub 2} samples were mainly anatase phase and mesoporous. The crystallite sizes were in the range 6–11 nm, in consistent with the results obtained form TEM images. HRTEM and XPS showed that the europium atoms were doped into the lattice of anatase TiO{sub 2}. Eu doping can not only increase the stability of mesoporous TiO{sub 2}, but also make the absorption edge position move toward shorter wavelength. The photodecomposition experiments showed that the photodegradation activity of Eu-doped TiO{sub 2} was higher than that of undoped TiO{sub 2}.

  18. Solving Unit Commitment by a Unit Decommitment Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solving Unit Commitment by a Unit Decommitment Method Chung-Li Tsengy,Chao-an Liz, Shmuel S. Oren x October 14, 1997 Abstract In this paper, we present an e cient and robust method for solving unit commit- ment problem using a unit decommitment method. 1 Introduction A problem that must be frequently solved

  19. Ag-catalyzed synthesis of europium borate Eu(BO{sub 2}){sub 3} nanowires, growth mechanism and luminescent properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Lan, E-mail: yanglan1116@126.com [Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China)] [Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); Zhou, Liqun, E-mail: zlq@hubu.edu.cn [Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China)] [Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China); Huang, Ying; Tang, Ziwei [Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China)] [Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Synthesis and Application of Organic Functional Molecules and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062 (China)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Eu(BO{sub 2}){sub 3} nanowires with diameters of 10-20 nm were fabricated through direct sintering Eu(NO{sub 3}){sub 3}.6H{sub 2}O and H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} with Ag as catalyst. The result of X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicated that the nanowire was single-crystalline with body-centered monoclinic structure. Based on the fact that Ag nanoparticles attached to the tips and middles of nanowires, a vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth mechanism of the Eu(BO{sub 2}){sub 3} nanowires is proposed. Three well-defined stages have been clearly identified during the process: Ag-Eu-B-O cluster process, crystal nucleation, and axial growth. The photoluminescence characteristics under UV excitation were investigated. The dominated Eu{sup 3+} orange-red emission corresponding to the magnetic dipole transition {sup 5}D{sub 0} {yields} {sup 7}F{sub 1} is centered at 591 nm, indicating that Eu{sup 3+} is located at high symmetry crystal field with inversion center.

  20. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Type of Housing Unit" ,"Housing Units (millions)","Single-Family...

  1. United States of Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Intermountain Research Station General. in the aircraft nuclear propulsion department at the National Reactor Testing Station in Idaho. In 1961 Rothermel.S. Department of Agriculture, Fire Laboratory at Missoula was conceived in the aftermath of the Mann Gulch fire

  2. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are thought to contribute to carbon sequestration, including current debates on this topic. The science regarding forestry and carbon sequestration is more advanced and less controversial than that for range, land management, carbon sequestration, carbon markets, United States. #12;ii Executive Summary

  3. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report NRS-112 Modeling the Effects of Emerald Ash Borer on Forest Composition in the Midwest of human population, energy, consumption, land use, and economic models to project the future condition of forests in the Midwest and Northeast United States. Our results suggest that in most cases EAB

  4. United States Department of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Alabama, is receiving increasing attention as an economically recoverable natural gas source, and proximity to natural gas markets in the heavily urbanized northeastern United States have prompted increased-10 Reptile, Amphibian, and Small Mammal Species Associated with Natural Gas Development

  5. Effective Energy Conservation in the Operating Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korich, R. D.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The quickly escalating cost of energy has outpaced all other plant costs and has placed energy conservation squarely as the critical leverage for improving profitability. The transition of priority created a need at the Union Carbide Seadrift, Texas...

  6. United Nations General Assembly First Committee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    and potential candidates, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, the European Union is on the ground, as military, police or civilian presence, in Bosnia, Aceh, Iraq

  7. Effective Energy Conservation in the Operating Unit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korich, R. D.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The quickly escalating cost of energy has outpaced all other plant costs and has placed energy conservation squarely as the critical leverage for improving profitability. The transition of priority created a need at the Union Carbide Seadrift, Texas...

  8. Combined experimental and theoretical study of the low temperature dielectric and magnetic properties of trivalent Eu ion doped SrTiO{sub 3} ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu Jiangzhou; Fang Liang; Cai Tianyi; Ju Sheng; Dong Wen; Zheng Fengang; Shen Mingrong [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Thin Films and Department of Physics, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215006 (China)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Single-phase Sr{sub 1-3x/2}Eu{sub x}TiO{sub 3} (SETO{sub x}) (x = 0-0.075) ceramics were prepared to study the effects of Eu substitution on their crystal structure, low temperature dielectric, and magnetic behaviors. Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction data yields direct evidence that the Eu ion substitutes Sr site at the perovskite. The measured dielectric properties can be well explained by the mean-field model. It has been found that the anomaly dielectric enhancement behavior exists in the SETO{sub x=0.005} sample, while more stable quantum paraelectric states are obtained in other doped samples. On the other hand, all the Eu doped samples exhibit doping concentration dependence of paramagnetism. Developing the linear response model, we conclude that a molecular field is acting on Eu ions possibly via the spin polarized Eu-O-Ti hybridization.

  9. Scion dominance and related factors influencing compatability in citrus graft unions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cintron, Rafael H.

    1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SCION DOMINANCE AND RELATED FACTORS INFLUENCING COMPATIBILITY IN CITRUS GRAFT UNIOHS A The?ia SC H? Clntr&i August 194C Approval as to atyl* and content recommended* m t m m m m m m belated factors nfHOTQiua compatibilitt in cithus m m r... Major Subjectt Horticulture By Rafael H* Clntr&n August 1946 SCI01T DOHIH/ffiCB AND RELATED FACTORS INFLUENCING COMPATIBILITY ITT CITRUS GR APT UNIONS 14-f 706 'The writer1 wishes to express M s sincere approeiation to Dr* Guy W? Adrianee# Head...

  10. September 8, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Work Group Telecom - Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus Group HSS/Union Work Group Telecom September

  11. September 8, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Work Group Telecom - Meeting Overview and Action Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus Group HSS/Union Work Group Telecom September

  12. September 8, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Work Group Telecom - Work Group Charter

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus Group HSS/Union Work Group Telecom

  13. September 8, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Work Group Telecom - Work Group Guidance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus Group HSS/Union Work Group Telecom7-29-11

  14. September 8, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Work Group Telecom - Work Group matrix

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus Group HSS/Union Work Group Telecom7-29-11Rev

  15. Structural study of Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} and optical spectroscopy of the Eu{sup 3+} dopant ion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piccinelli, Fabio, E-mail: fabio.piccinelli@univr.it; Pedroni, Marco; Cagliero, Stefano; Speghini, Adolfo; Bettinelli, Marco

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The new rare earth-based germanate compound Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} (orthorhombic (Pnma) crystal structure), has been characterized and investigated for the first time, using synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction. From Rietveld refinement calculations on the collected powder pattern we observe an inhomogeneous distribution of the two available cationic sites by Gd{sup 3+} and Ca{sup 2+} ions. In particular, the former prefers the occupation (67.5%) of the site with 8-fold coordination. In addition, we observed a not negligible degree of distortion of the Ge{sub 2}O{sub 7}{sup 6?} unit. Finally, luminescence spectra and decay curves of Eu{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} were measured and analysed taking into account the structural features of the host. The results reveal that this material shows strong red luminescence upon excitation in the region where blue LEDs emit (470 nm). - Graphical abstract: The structural study on Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} exploiting synchrotron X-ray diffraction, allows us to determine the detailed geometry of the metal coordination polyhedra, which is closely related to the emission luminescence spectroscopy of the Eu{sup 3+} dopant ion introduced as impurity in this host. - Highlights: • The crystal structure of the Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9} was determined. • Gd{sup 3+} ion is distributed on two crystal sites with different occupation. • A structural study focused on the metal coordination polyhedra was performed. • Two emitting sites are detected for Eu{sup 3+} dopant ion in Ca{sub 2}Gd{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}O{sub 9}. • Strong red luminescence by excitation in the region where blue LEDs emit was found.

  16. Otimizing [i.e., Optimizing] graft union formation between sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and bush morning glory (Ipomoea carnea ssp. fistulosa) as a prelude to chimera development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Douglas Wayne

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    in or near the graft union. Results indicate that in vivo grafting of these two species may not be the best procedure for obtaining interspecific chimeras....

  17. The role of activator concentration and precipitate formation on optical and dosimetric properties of KCl:Eu{sup 2+} storage phosphor detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansel, Rachael A.; Xiao, Zhiyan; Hu, Yanle; Green, Olga; Yang, Deshan; Harold Li, H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4921 Parkview Place, Campus Box 8224, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4921 Parkview Place, Campus Box 8224, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The activator ion (Eu{sup 2+} in KCl:Eu{sup 2+}) plays an important role in the photostimulated luminescence (PSL) mechanism of storage phosphor radiation detectors. In order to design an accurate, effective, and robust detector, it is important to understand how the activator ion concentration affects the structure and, consequently, radiation detection properties of KCl:Eu{sup 2+}.Methods: Potassium chloride pellets were fabricated with various amounts of europium dopant (0.01–5.0 mol.% Eu{sup 2+}). Clinical radiation doses were given with a 6 MV linear accelerator. Radiation doses larger than 100 Gy were given with a {sup 137}Cs irradiator. Dose response curves, radiation hardness, and temporal signal stability were measured using a laboratory PSL readout system. The crystal structure of the material was studied using x ray diffraction and luminescence spectroscopy.Results: The most intense PSL signal was from samples with 1.0 mol.% Eu. However, samples with concentrations higher than 0.05 mol.% Eu exhibited significant degradation in PSL intensity for cumulated doses larger than 3000 Gy. Structural and luminescence spectroscopy showed clear evidence of precipitate phases within the KCl lattice, especially for high activator concentrations. Analysis of PL emission spectra showed that interactions between Eu-V{sub c} dipoles and Eu-V{sub c} trimers could explain trends in PSL sensitivity and radiation hardness observations.Conclusions: The concentration of the activator ion (Eu{sup 2+}) significantly affects radiation detection properties of the storage phosphor KCl:Eu{sup 2+}. An activator concentration between 0.01 and 0.05 mol.% Eu in KCl:Eu{sup 2+} storage phosphor detectors is recommended for linear dose response, good PSL sensitivity, predictable temporal stability, and high reusability for megavoltage radiation detection.

  18. Thermal insulated glazing unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Selkowitz, S.E.; Arasteh, D.K.; Hartmann, J.L.

    1988-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas. 2 figs.

  19. Thermal insulated glazing unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selkowitz, Stephen E. (Piedmont, CA); Arasteh, Dariush K. (Oakland, CA); Hartmann, John L. (Seattle, WA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas.

  20. Contamination analysis unit

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, Hugh R. (Livermore, CA); Meltzer, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantifies of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surface by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings.