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Sample records for union eu china

  1. AVIC Changli Union Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beijing Municipality, China Product: China-based JV to manufacture and sell zinc-air batteries. References: AVIC Changli Union Energy1 This article is a stub. You can help...

  2. Allocation of resources in the Soviet Union and China - 1985. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Economic Resources, Competitiveness, and Security Economics of the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session, March 19, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    Part II of the hearing record covers a March 19 Executive session, with statements by Douglas MacEachin of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), submissions for the record by MacEachin and Admiral Robert Schmitt, and supporting documentation. The purpose of the hearings was to examine economic indicators of the Soviet Union and China in the context of military and national security interests. The study and report represent a cooperative effort on the part of the CIA and the Defense Intelligence Agency. The report focuses on Gorbachev's modernization program, its potential for success, and the military implications if it should fail. The witnesses felt that unlike the Soviets, the Chinese probably understate military expenditures; and the military triangle involving the US, Soviet Union, and China has benefited both the US and China. Submissions for the record make up most of the document.

  3. U.S.-European Union Joint Statement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    European Union Joint Statement U.S.-European Union Joint Statement U.S.-European Union Joint Statement prepared as part of the International Partnership for a Hydrogen Economy us_eu_hydrogen_summit_statement.pdf (61.18 KB) More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - Document1 International Partnerships for the Hydrogen Economy Fact Sheet International Partnerships for the Hydrogen Economy Fact Sheet

  4. Beijing ChangLi Union Energy Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Municipality, China Product: China-based technology company that research in zinc-air batteries (fuel cells). References: Beijing ChangLi Union Energy Company1 This article is a...

  5. Agreement Type Union

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Union of North America 872 14 International Union of Oprating Engineers (Maintenance Engineers) 501 22 Local Joint Executive Board of Las vegas Culinary Workers 226 49 ...

  6. Enel Union Fenosa Renovables EUFER formerly Union Fenosa Energia...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fenosa Renovables EUFER formerly Union Fenosa Energia Especiales Jump to: navigation, search Name: Enel Union Fenosa Renovables (EUFER) (formerly Union Fenosa Energia Especiales)...

  7. Europe China Clean Energy Centre | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Europe China Clean Energy Centre Jump to: navigation, search Name: Europe-China Clean Energy Centre Place: Beijing Municipality, China Product: Beijing-based China-EU clean energy...

  8. Union Suppo Battery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Suppo Battery Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Union Suppo Battery Co Ltd Place: Shenyang, China Zip: 110015 Product: Liaoning-based manufacturer of rechargeable NiMH...

  9. China

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    9%2A en NNSA Transfers Responsibility for Radiation Detection System to China Customs http:nnsa.energy.govmediaroompressreleasesnnsa%E2%80%99s-second-line-defense

  10. MEETINGS WITH UNION OFFICIALS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Guidance as to how to handle requests from union officials to meet with Department officials so that there is no undue legal risk.

  11. Fuel switching in the electricity sector under the EU ETS: Review and prospective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delarue, E.; Voorspools, K.; D'haeseleer, W.

    2008-06-15

    The European Union has implemented the European Union emission trading scheme (EU ETS) as an instrument to facilitate greenhouse gas (GHG) emission abatement stipulated in the Kyoto protocol. Empirical data show that in the early stages of the EU ETS, the value of a ton of CO{sub 2} has already led to emission abatement through switching from coal to gas in the European electric power sector. In the second part of this paper, an electricity generation simulation model is used to perform simulations on the switching behavior in both the first and the second trading periods of the EU ETS. In 2005, the reduction in GHG emissions in the electric power sector due to EU ETS is estimated close to 88 Mton. For the second trading period, a European Union allowance (EUA) price dependent GHG reduction curve has been determined. The obtained switching potential turns out to be significant, up to 300 Mton/year, at sufficiently high EUA prices.

  12. Agreement Type Union

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Type Union Local #/Name Number of Employees Project Labor Agreement International Association of Heat and Frost Insulators and Allied Workers 135 2 International Brothehood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmith Forgers and Helpers 92 0 International Union of Bricklayers & Allied Craftsmen 13 0 Regional Council of Carpenters 1780 & 1977 13 Operative Plasterers and Cement Mason International Association Operative Plasterers and Cement Mason International Association 1

  13. UNDP/EC-China-Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    UNDPEC-China-Climate Change Capacity Building Program Redirect page Jump to: navigation, search REDIRECT EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) Retrieved from...

  14. Unions, LANL sign labor agreements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Unions, LANL sign labor agreements Unions, LANL sign labor agreements The New Mexico Building and Construction Trades Council and Los Alamos National Security LLC, announced the signing of a series of labor agreements that affect nearly 750 construction and maintenance workers. September 21, 2012 Jay Johnson renews the contracts with the Laboratory's union workers. Jay Johnson (left) associate director for maintenance and infrastructure planning, renews the contracts with the Laboratory's union

  15. Target Allocation Methodology for China's Provinces: Energy Intensity in the 12th FIve-Year Plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohshita, Stephanie; Price, Lynn

    2011-03-21

    Experience with China's 20% energy intensity improvement target during the 11th Five-Year Plan (FYP) (2006-2010) has shown the challenges of rapidly setting targets and implementing measures to meet them. For the 12th FYP (2011-2015), there is an urgent need for a more scientific methodology to allocate targets among the provinces and to track physical and economic indicators of energy and carbon saving progress. This report provides a sectoral methodology for allocating a national energy intensity target - expressed as percent change in energy per unit gross domestic product (GDP) - among China's provinces in the 12th FYP. Drawing on international experience - especially the European Union (EU) Triptych approach for allocating Kyoto carbon targets among EU member states - the methodology here makes important modifications to the EU approach to address an energy intensity rather than a CO{sub 2} emissions target, and for the wider variation in provincial energy and economic structure in China. The methodology combines top-down national target projections and bottom-up provincial and sectoral projections of energy and GDP to determine target allocation of energy intensity targets. Total primary energy consumption is separated into three end-use sectors - industrial, residential, and other energy. Sectoral indicators are used to differentiate the potential for energy saving among the provinces. This sectoral methodology is utilized to allocate provincial-level targets for a national target of 20% energy intensity improvement during the 12th FYP; the official target is determined by the National Development and Reform Commission. Energy and GDP projections used in the allocations were compared with other models, and several allocation scenarios were run to test sensitivity. The resulting allocations for the 12th FYP offer insight on past performance and offer somewhat different distributions of provincial targets compared to the 11th FYP. Recommendations for reporting

  16. Unions, LANL sign labor agreements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the contracts with the Laboratory's union workers. To the right of Johnson are Ray Baca of the New Mexico Building and Construction Trades Council and Tim Babicke and Gerard...

  17. FORT UNION DEEP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

    2002-03-01

    Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback

  18. FORT UNION DEEP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

    2002-09-01

    Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback

  19. Yixing Union | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jiangsu Province, China Zip: 214203 Sector: Biomass Product: Yixing-based biomass CHP project developer. Coordinates: 31.36261, 119.816643 Show Map Loading map......

  20. International Union for Conservation of Nature | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Union for Conservation of Nature Jump to: navigation, search Logo: International Union for Conservation of Nature Name: International Union for Conservation of Nature Address: Rue...

  1. Agro Unione Ltda | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Agro Unione Ltda Place: Brazil Product: Sugar and ethanol producer. References: Agro Unione Ltda1 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  2. Climate for Collaboration: Analysis of US and EU Lessons and Opportunities in Energy and Climate Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Vita, A.; de Connick, H.; McLaren, J.; Cochran, J.

    2009-11-01

    A deepening of cooperation between the United States and the European Union requires mutual trust, and understanding of current policies, challenges and successes. Through providing such understanding among policymakers, industry and other stakeholders in both economies, opportunities for transatlantic cooperation on climate change and energy policy emerge. This paper sets out by discussing the environmental, legislative, and economic contexts of the EU and US as related to climate. This context is essential to understanding how cap-and-trade, renewable energy and sustainable transportation policies have taken shape in the EU and the US, as described in Chapter 3.1. For each of these policies, a barrier analysis and discussion is provided. Chapter 4 builds off this improved understanding to listobservations and possible lessons learned. The paper concludes with recommendations on topics where EU and US interests align, and where further cooperation could prove beneficial.

  3. CHO Invest EU1 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CHO Invest EU1 Jump to: navigation, search Name: CHO Invest EU1 Place: Morcenx, France Product: France-based CHO Power electricity production unit Coordinates: 44.033454,...

  4. EU Energy Shriram EPC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: EU Energy - Shriram EPC Place: United Kingdom Sector: Wind energy Product: Joint venture set up for the acquisition of DeWind GmbH from FKI. References: EU Energy -...

  5. Union Eolica Panamena UEP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eolica Panamena UEP Jump to: navigation, search Name: Union Eolica Panamena (UEP) Place: Granada, Spain Sector: Wind energy Product: Granada-based wind project developer company,...

  6. GC GUIDANCE ON MEETINGS WITH UNION OFFICIALS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    matter, the program official should obtain the individual's name, the contract and contractor of interest, the identity of the union and the subject of the requested meeting. ...

  7. June 11, 2009, HSS/Union Task Meeting on 2009 HSS/Union Task Progress - Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    06-05-09 HSS/Union Working Group Meeting June 11, 2009 1:00 - 2:30 pm EST FORS 7E-069 Call-in: 301-903-0688 SUBJECT: 2009 HSS/Union Task Progress Union Working Group Participants: 2008 Topical Union Leads Ron Ault/Tom Schaffer..................AFL-CIO Metal Trades Department Pete Stafford...................................... Building and Construction Trades Department Center for Construction Research & Training (BCTD CPWR) Chico McGill/Dennis Phelps............International Brotherhood of

  8. June 11, 2009, HSS/Union Task Meeting on 2009 HSS/Union Task Progress - Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    23-09 HSS/Union Working Group Meeting 2009 HSS/Union Task Progress and Next Steps June 11, 2009 In introductory remarks, Glenn Podonsky, Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer, underscored HSS's commitment to engage in this collective effort with the Unions and stakeholders to improve worker health, safety and security across the DOE Complex. He provided an overview of the past several years of the HSS Focus Group effort in which the worker, through Union representatives and stakeholders,

  9. union publique HR

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06

    Chers Collègues,Je me permets de vous rappeler qu'une réunion publique organisée par le Département HR se tiendra aujourd'hui:Vendredi 30 avril 2010 à 9h30 dans l'Amphithéâtre principal (café offert dès 9h00).Durant cette réunion, des informations générales seront données sur:le CERN Admin e-guide, qui est un nouveau guide des procédures administratives du CERN ayant pour but de faciliter la recherche d'informations pratiques et d'offrir un format de lecture convivial;le régime d'Assurance Maladie de l'Organisation (présentation effectuée par Philippe Charpentier, Président du CHIS Board) et;la Caisse de Pensions (présentation effectuée par Théodore Economou, Administrateur de la Caisse de Pensions du CERN).Une transmission simultanée de cette réunion sera assurée dans l'Amphithéâtre BE de Prévessin et également disponible à l'adresse suivante: http://webcast.cern.chJe me réjouis de votre participation!Meilleures salutations,Anne-Sylvie CatherinChef du Département des Ressources humaines__________________________________________________________________________________Dear Colleagues,I should like to remind you that a plublic meeting organised by HR Department will be held today:Friday 30 April 2010 at 9:30 am in the Main Auditorium (coffee from 9:00 am).During this meeting, general information will be given about:the CERN Admin e-guide which is a new guide to the Organization's administrative procedures, drawn up to facilitate the retrieval of practical information and to offer a user-friendly format;the CERN Health Insurance System (presentation by Philippe Charpentier, President of the CHIS Board) and;the Pension Fund (presentation by Theodore Economou, Administrator of the CERN Pension Fund).A simultaneous transmission of this meeting will be broadcast in the BE Auditorium at Prévessin and will also be available at the following address. http://webcast.cern.chI look forward to your participation!Best regards,Anne-Sylvie Catherin

  10. Union Temporal de Empresas UTE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Temporal de Empresas UTE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Union Temporal de Empresas (UTE) Place: Spain Sector: Solar Product: Developer of PV solar parks. References: Union...

  11. Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    West Union Green Transformation Project Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project ... These grant funds will be used to close up their buildings-making them more energy ...

  12. The European Union's emissions trading system in perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A. Denny Ellerman; Paul L. Joskow

    2008-05-15

    The performance of the European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to date cannot be evaluated without recognizing that the first three years from 2005 through 2007 constituted a 'trial' period and understanding what this trial period was supposed to accomplish. Its primary goal was to develop the infrastructure and to provide the experience that would enable the successful use of a cap-and-trade system to limit European GHG emissions during a second trading period, 2008-12, corresponding to the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. The trial period was a rehearsal for the later more serious engagement and it was never intended to achieve significant reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions in only three years. In light of the speed with which the program was developed, the many sovereign countries involved, the need to develop the necessary data, information dissemination, compliance and market institutions, and the lack of extensive experience with emissions trading in Europe, we think that the system has performed surprisingly well. Although there have been plenty of rough edges, a transparent and widely accepted price for tradable CO{sub 2} emission allowances emerged by January 1, 2005, a functioning market for allowances has developed quickly and effortlessly without any prodding by the Commission or member state governments, the cap-and-trade infrastructure of market institutions, registries, monitoring, reporting and verification is in place, and a significant segment of European industry is incorporating the price of CO{sub 2} emissions into their daily production decisions. The development of the EU ETS and the experience with the trial period provides a number of useful lessons for the U.S. and other countries. 27 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

  13. China-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  14. Contribution of Eu 4f states to the magnetic anisotropy of EuO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arenholz, E.; Schmehl, A.; Schlom, D.G.; van der Laan, G.

    2008-09-11

    Anisotropic x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (AXMLD) provides a novel element-, site-, shell-, and symmetry-selective techniques to study the magnetic anisotropy induced by a crystalline electric field. The weak Eu2+ M4,5 AXMLD observed in EuO(001) indicates that the Eu 4f states are not rotationally invariant and hence contribute weakly to the magnetic anisotropy of EuO. The results are contrasted with those obtained for 3d transition metal oxides.

  15. Deputy Secretary Roundtable Meeting with Unions | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Meeting Agenda (39.25 KB) Meeting Summary (99.77 KB) Safety and Security Reform Plan (353.65 KB) Union Contact List (89.2 KB) More Documents & Publications Technical Standards ...

  16. Union of Concerned Scientists | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    http:www.ucsusa.org About "The Union of Concerned Scientists is the leading science-based nonprofit working for a healthy environment and a safer world. UCS combines...

  17. Union, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Union is a city in Miami County and Montgomery County, Ohio. It falls under Ohio's 8th congressional district and Ohio's 3rd...

  18. April 30, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting to address training - Union Participants

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HSS/UNION MEETING: TRAINING HSS/Union Participants/Attendees HSS Participants: 1. Glenn Podonsky - Chief Health, Safety & Security Officer 2. Mari-Jo Campagnone - Senior Advisor to Chief HSS Officer 3. Bill Roege - Director, Corporate Safety Analysis 4. Pat Worthington - Director, Health and Safety 5. Bill McArthur - Director, Worker Safety & Health Policy 6. Tom Traceski - Director, Environmental Policy and Assistance 7. Jeff Harrell - Director, National Training Center [Call-in] UNION

  19. EcoGrid EU (Smart Grid Project) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EU (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name EcoGrid EU Country Denmark Headquarters Location Bornholm, Denmark Coordinates 55.160427, 14.866884 Loading...

  20. Resonant energy transfer between Eu luminescent sites and their...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Resonant energy transfer between Eu luminescent sites and their local geometry in GaN Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Resonant energy transfer between Eu luminescent ...

  1. Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program ...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program AgencyCompany Organization The...

  2. Study of Eu{sup 3+} → Eu{sup 2+} reduction in BaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}:Eu prepared in different gas atmospheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rezende, Marcos V. dos S.; Valerio, Mário E.G.; Jackson, Robert A.

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: • The effect of different gas atmospheres on the Eu reduction process was studied. • The Eu reduction was monitored analyzing XANES region at the Eu L{sub III}-edge. • Hydrogen reducing agent are the most appropriate gas for Eu{sup 2+} stabilization. • Only a part of the Eu ions can be stabilized in the divalent state. • A model of Eu reduction process is proposed. - Abstract: The effect of different gas atmospheres such as H{sub 2}(g), synthetic air, carbon monoxide (CO) and nitrogen (N{sub 2}) on the Eu{sup 3+} → Eu{sup 2+} reduction process during the synthesis of Eu-doped BaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} was studied using synchrotron radiation. The Eu{sup 3+} → Eu{sup 2+} reduction was monitored analyzing XANES region when the sample are excited at the Eu L{sub III}-edge. The results show that the hydrogen reducing agent are the most appropriate gas for Eu{sup 2+} stabilization in BaAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} and that only a part of the Eu ions can be stabilized in the divalent state. A model of Eu reduction process, based on the incorporation of charge compensation defects, is proposed.

  3. Assessment of allowance mechanism China's carbon trading pilots

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xiong, Ling; Shen, Bo; Qi, Shaozhou; Price, Lynn

    2015-08-28

    The allowance mechanism is one of the core and sensitive aspects in design of a carbon trading scheme and affects the compliance cost for each company covered under the scheme. By examining China's allowance mechanism from two aspects including allowance allocation and allowance distribution, this paper compares China's carbon trading pilots with the EU Emissions Trading System and California Cap-and-Trade Program, and through the comparison identify issues that affect the efficiency of the pilots. The paper also recommends course of actions to strengthen China's existing pilots and build valuable experiences for the establishment of the national cap-and-trade system in China.

  4. Assessment of Allowance Mechanismin China's Carbon Trading Pilots

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Xiong, Ling; Shen, Bo; Qi, Shaozhou; Price, Lynn

    2015-08-01

    The allowance mechanism is one of the core and sensitive aspects in design of a carbon trading scheme and affects the compliance cost for each company covered under the scheme. By examining China's allowance mechanism from two aspects including allowance allocation and allowance distribution, this paper compares China's carbon trading pilots with the EU Emissions Trading System and California Cap-and-Trade Program, and through the comparison identify issues that affect the efficiency of the pilots. The paper also recommends course of actions to strengthen China's existing pilots and build valuable experiences for the establishment of the national cap-and-trade system in China.

  5. EU Energy Wind Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: EU Energy (Wind) Limited Place: Central Milton Keynes, United Kingdom Zip: K9 1LH Sector: Wind energy Product: The company will be...

  6. Guodian United Power Technology Co Ltd formerly Guodian Union...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100044 Sector: Wind energy Product: China-based wind turbine maker and daughter company of state-owned power generator China Guodian. References:...

  7. The EU Approach for Responsible and Safe Management of Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste - 12118

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blohm-Hieber, Ute; Necheva, Christina [European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy, Luxembourg L-2920 (Luxembourg)

    2012-07-01

    In July 2011 legislation on responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste was adopted in the European Union (EU). It aims at ensuring a high level of safety, avoiding undue burdens on future generations and enhancing transparency. EU Member States are responsible for the management of their spent fuel and/or radioactive waste. Each Member State remains free to define its fuel cycle policy. The spent fuel can be regarded either as a valuable resource that may be reprocessed or as radioactive waste that is destined for direct disposal. Whatever option is chosen, the disposal of high level waste, separated at reprocessing, or of spent fuel regarded as waste should be considered. The storage of radioactive waste, including long-term storage, is an interim solution, but not an alternative to disposal. To this end, each Member State has to establish, maintain and implement national policy, framework and programme for management of spent fuel and/or radioactive waste in the long term. Member States will invite international peer reviews to ensure that high safety standards are achieved. The EU approach is anchored in internationally endorsed principles and requirements of the IAEA safety standards and the Joint Convention and in this context makes them legally binding and enforceable in the EU. The EU approach of regulating the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste is anchored in the competence of the national regulatory authorities and in the internationally endorsed principles and requirements of the IAEA Safety Standards and the Joint Convention. Member States have to report to the Commission on the implementation of Directive 2011/70/Euratom for the first time by 23 August 2015, and every 3 years thereafter, taking advantage of the review and reporting under the Joint Convention. On the basis of the Member States' reports, the Commission will submit to the European Parliament and the Council a report on progress made and an inventory of

  8. Union Helps Produce Women Workers | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Union Helps Produce Women Workers Union Helps Produce Women Workers January 21, 2010 - 3:15pm Addthis Joshua DeLung At the Community Environmental Center in Long Island City, N.Y. ...

  9. Clay-Union Electric Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Clay-Union Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Clay-Union Electric Coop Place: South Dakota Phone Number: 605-624-2673 Website: www.clayunionelectric.coop Facebook:...

  10. EERE Success Story-Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    West Union Green Transformation Project EERE Success Story-Iowa: West Union Green ... These grant funds will be used to close up their buildings-making them more energy ...

  11. US - Former Soviet Union environmental management activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-01

    The Office of Environmental Management (EM) has been delegated the responsibility for US DOE`s cleanup of nuclear weapons complex. The nature and the magnitude of the waste management and environmental remediation problem requires the identification of technologies and scientific expertise from domestic and foreign sources. This booklet makes comparisons and describes coordinated projects and workshops between the USA and the former Soviet Union.

  12. U.S.-European Union Joint Statement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    JOINT STATEMENT BY PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH, EUROPEAN COUNCIL PRESIDENT KONSTANDINOS SIMITIS, AND EUROPEAN COMMISSION PRESIDENT ROMANO PRODI ON THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY We affirm our commitment, on behalf of the United States and the European Union, to collaborate on accelerating the development of the hydrogen economy as part of our broadening cooperation on energy. We aim to enhance the security of energy supply, increase diversity of energy sources, and improve local and global environmental

  13. Conversion and enrichment in the Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-04-01

    In the Soviet Union, just as in the West, the civilian nuclear industry emerged from research work undertaken for nuclear weapons development. At first, researchers tried various techniques for physical separation of uranium isotopes: electromagnetic and molecular-kinetic thermo-diffusion methods; gaseous diffusion; and centrifuge methods. All of those methods, which are based primarily on differences in the atomic mass of uranium isotopes, called for extensive research and the development of new, technically unprecedented equipment. Gradually gaseous diffusion and gas centrifuge technology became recognized as most feasible for industrial use, so research on other methods was terminated. Industrial-scale uranium enrichment in the Soviet Union began in 1949 using the gaseous diffusion method; by the early 1960s, centrifuge technology was in use on an industrial scale. All Soviet production of highly-enriched, weapons-grade uranium was halted in 1987. The Soviet Union now has four enrichment plants in operation (at classified locations), solely for civilian nuclear power needs. All four enrichment plants have centrifuge modules, and enrichment provided by gaseous diffusion accounts for less than 5% of their total output. Two of the four enrichment plants also incorporate facilities for conversion to uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}).

  14. AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund Jump to: navigation, search Name: AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund Place: New York, New York Zip: 10170 Product: AirShares is a commodity...

  15. Union County, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Places in Union County, Ohio Dublin, Ohio Magnetic Springs, Ohio Marysville, Ohio Milford Center, Ohio Plain City, Ohio Richwood, Ohio Unionville Center, Ohio Retrieved from...

  16. Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Illustrative Scenarios Tool (European Union) Focus Area: Propane Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www.eutransportghg2050.eucms...

  17. The City of Union City | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Performance Services Energy Purchaser AEP - Indiana Michigan Power Location Union City IL...

  18. Union County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Climate Zone Number 2 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Union County, Florida Lake Butler, Florida Raiford, Florida Worthington Springs, Florida Retrieved from "http:...

  19. Kraftwerk Union KWU Siemens Power Generation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Services Product: KWU is a provider of components and services to the commercial nuclear utility industry. References: Kraftwerk Union (KWU) - Siemens Power Generation.1...

  20. West Union, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    "alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Hide Map West Union is a town in Steuben County, New York.1 References US Census Bureau...

  1. Union County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Carlisle, South Carolina Jonesville, South Carolina Lockhart, South Carolina Monarch Mill, South Carolina Union, South Carolina Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  2. Union County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Pass, Illinois Anna, Illinois Cobden, Illinois Dongola, Illinois Jonesboro, Illinois Mill Creek, Illinois Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleUnionCounty,Il...

  3. President Obama's Final State of the Union - Energy Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    President Obama's Final State of the Union - Energy Department Supercut Addthis From climate change to wind and solar power to electric vehicles, President Obama touched on a lot ...

  4. Union County, Arkansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Number 3 Climate Zone Subtype A. Places in Union County, Arkansas Calion, Arkansas El Dorado, Arkansas Felsenthal, Arkansas Huttig, Arkansas Junction City, Arkansas Norphlet,...

  5. Union County, New Jersey: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Jersey Strategic Energy LLC (New Jersey) Places in Union County, New Jersey Berkeley Heights, New Jersey Clark, New Jersey Cranford, New Jersey Elizabeth, New Jersey...

  6. Union Bridge, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Union Bridge, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.5689895, -77.176927 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  7. Production of greenhouse gases in the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolchugina, T.P.; Vinson, T.S. . Civil Engineering Dept.)

    1994-09-01

    The former Soviet Union (FSU) was the largest country in the world and was one of the greatest emitters of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. At the end of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s the CO[sub 2] emissions for the FSU amounted to 1.46 Pg C yr[sup [minus]1] (Pg = 10[sup 15] g). Total CH[sub 4] emissions for the FSU were 55.8 Tg C yr[sup [minus]1] (Tg = 10[sup 12] g) or approximately one-third of the global CH[sub 4] emissions; 53% of the FSU CH[sub 4] emissions was contributed by peatlands. Emissions of CFCs were 67 Gg yr[sup [minus]1] (Gg = 10[sup 9] g) and comprised 12% of the global CFCs emissions. The forest sector was a net sink for 0.48 Pg C yr[sup [minus]1] of atmospheric carbon, offsetting approximately one-half of the CO[sub 2] emissions from industrial processes. FSU peatlands accumulated 52 Tg C yr[sup [minus]1], but overall they were a net source of 48 Tg C yr[sup [minus]1] to the atmosphere considering utilization of peat. The net CO[sub 2] emissions of the FSU were 0.68 Pg C yr[sup [minus]1]. The FSU and China shared the fifth and sixth places in the world ranking of net CO[sub 2] emissions. The FSU and European countries shared the fourth and fifth places in the world ranking of net CO[sub 2] emissions per capita.

  8. Nuclear power in the Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ponomarev-Stepnoi, N.N.

    1989-01-01

    The pros and cons of nuclear power are similar in many countries, but the following pro factors are specific to the Soviet Union: the major sources of conventional fuel are in one area of the country, but energy consumption is concentrated in another; and a large portion of energy is generated using oil and gas. The arguments against nuclear power are as follows: safety requirements and expectations have been increased; and public opinion is negative. A program of nuclear power generation has been developed. New techniques are being implemented to increase safety and enhance operations of different types of nuclear power plants. Its should be obvious in the future that a nuclear power plant has better economic and environmental parameters than existing methods of power generation.

  9. Measurement and analysis of the muonic x rays of /sup 151/Eu and /sup 153/Eu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanaka, Y.; Steffen, R.M.; Shera, E.B.; Reuter, W.; Hoehn, M.V.; Zumbro, J.D.

    1984-05-01

    Monopole and quadrupole charge distributions of /sup 151/Eu and /sup 153/Eu were investigated by muonic atom K and L x-ray measurements. The model-independent Barrett charge radii R/sub k/ and the isotope shift ..delta..R/sub k/ were measured, and the value of ..delta.. = 0.606(18) fm/sup 2/ was deduced. This isotope shift is the largest known of all nuclear pairs. The isomer shift of the first excited state of /sup 153/Eu is found to be close to zero, in contrast to the large isomer shifts observed in its neighbors: /sup 152/Sm and /sup 154/Gd. The quadrupole moments of the first excited states were determined as Q/sup 151/((7/2)/sup +/) = 1.28(2) e b and Q/sup 153/((7/2)/sup +/) = 0.44(2) e b. The value for /sup 151/Eu and its ground-state quadrupole moment of Q/sup 151/((5/2)/sup +/) = 0.90(1) e b reported previously are several times larger than the respective single particle units. This fact shows that a fair amount of collectivity is involved in the (5/2)/sup +/ ground state and in the (7/2)/sup +/ first excited state of /sup 151/Eu.

  10. Induced spin-polarization of EuS at room temperature in Ni/EuS multilayers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poulopoulos, P.; Goschew, A.; Straub, A.; Fumagalli, P.; Kapaklis, V.; Wolff, M.; Delimitis, A.; Wilhelm, F.; Rogalev, A.; Pappas, S. D.

    2014-03-17

    Ni/EuS multilayers with excellent multilayer sequencing are deposited via e-beam evaporation on the native oxide of Si(100) wafers at 4 × 10{sup −9} millibars. The samples have very small surface and interface roughness and show sharp interfaces. Ni layers are nanocrystalline 4–8 nm thick and EuS layers are 2–4 nm thick and are either amorphous or nanocrystalline. Unlike for Co/EuS multilayers, all Eu ions are in divalent (ferromagnetic) state. We show a direct antiferromagnetic coupling between EuS and Ni layers. At room temperature, the EuS layers are spin-polarized due to the proximity of Ni. Therefore, Ni/EuS is a candidate for room-temperature spintronics applications.

  11. DOE Roundtable Meeting with Union Leaders | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Roundtable Meeting with Union Leaders DOE Roundtable Meeting with Union Leaders Meeting Date: January 25, 2011 Documents Available for Download Meeting Agenda (67.16 KB) Meeting Summary and Participants (802.99 KB) More Documents & Publications DOE/Labor Leadership Roundtable Meeting DOE/Labor Leadership Roundtable Meeting

  12. Brooklyn Union`s award-winning phosphoric-acid fuel cell installation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, C.

    1996-03-01

    Brooklyn Union has been involved with the development of commercial fuel cells since the late 1960s. In the early 1990`s, the ONSI Corporation began a limited first-of-its-kind production run of a 200-kW system. ONSI`s Model PC-25 remains the only commercially available on-site fuel cell system. Brooklyn Union is currently operating a PC-25 at St. Vincent`s Medical Center in Staten Island, NY. In December of 1989, Brooklyn Union signed a contract with ONSI for the purchase of one of the first PC-25s. Installation of this unit began in September 1992, and the system went on line in October. The system is operating at an electrical efficiency of 36.8% (based on higher heating value) with a combined thermal/electrical efficiency of nearly 71.5%. The thermal output of the fuel cell is being used for the production of domestic hot water for use in the hospital`s laundry. This paper describes the system and its performances to date.

  13. Evidence of Eu{sup 2+} 4f electrons in the valence band spectra of EuTiO{sub 3} and EuZrO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolodiazhnyi, T.; Valant, M.; Williams, J. R.; Bugnet, M.; Botton, G. A.; Ohashi, N.; Sakka, Y.

    2012-10-15

    We report on optical band gap and valence electronic structure of two Eu{sup 2+}-based perovskites, EuTiO{sub 3} and EuZrO{sub 3} as revealed by diffuse optical scattering, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and valence-band x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The data show good agreement with the first-principles studies in which the top of the valence band structure is formed by the narrow Eu 4f{sup 7} electron band. The O 2p band shows the features similar to those of the Ba(Sr)TiO{sub 3} perovskites except that it is shifted to higher binding energies. Appearance of the Eu{sup 2+} 4f{sup 7} band is a reason for narrowing of the optical band gap in the title compounds as compared to their Sr-based analogues.

  14. A look back at Union Carbides FIRST 20 Years in Nuclear Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Union Carbide in Nuclear Energy Note: Union Carbide Nuclear Division, which started out as Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Company, operated the Atomic Energy CommissionEnergy ...

  15. The magnetic structure of EuCu2Sb2

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ryan, D. H.; Cadogan, J. M.; Anand, V. K.; Johnston, D. C.; Flacau, R.

    2015-05-06

    Antiferromagnetic ordering of EuCu2Sb2 which forms in the tetragonal CaBe2Ge2-type structure (space group P4/nmm #129) has been studied using neutron powder diffraction and 151Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy. The room temperature 151Eu isomer shift of –12.8(1) mm/s shows the Eu to be divalent, while the 151Eu hyperfine magnetic field (Bhf) reaches 28.7(2) T at 2.1 K, indicating a full Eu2+ magnetic moment. Bhf(T) follows a smoothmore » $$S=\\frac{7}{2}$$ Brillouin function and yields an ordering temperature of 5.1(1) K. Refinement of the neutron diffraction data reveals a collinear A-type antiferromagnetic arrangement with the Eu moments perpendicular to the tetragonal c-axis. As a result, the refined Eu magnetic moment at 0.4 K is 7.08(15) μB which is the full free-ion moment expected for the Eu2+ ion with $$S=\\frac{7}{2}$$ and a spectroscopic splitting factor of g = 2.« less

  16. Cogeneration in the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horak, W.C.

    1997-07-01

    The former Soviet Union made a major commitment to Cogeneration. The scale and nature of this commitment created a system conceptually different from Cogeneration in the west. The differences were both in scale, in political commitment, and in socio economic impact. This paper addresses some of the largest scale Cogeneration programs, the technology, and the residual impact of these programs. The integration of the Cogeneration and nuclear programs is a key focus of the paper. Soviet designed nuclear power plants were designed to produce both electricity and heat for residential and industrial uses. Energy systems used to implement this design approach are discussed. The significant dependence on these units for heat created an urgent need for continued operation during the winter. Electricity and heat are also produced in nuclear weapons production facilities, as well as power plants. The Soviets also had designed, and initiated construction of a number of nuclear power plants {open_quotes}ATETs{close_quotes} optimized for production of heat as well as electricity. These were canceled.

  17. Union job fight boiling at DOE cleanup sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Setzer, S.W.

    1993-11-15

    The US DOE is facing a growing jurisdictional dispute over which unions will perform the majority of clean-up work at its facilities. Unions affiliated with the AFL-CIO Metal Trades Council representing operations employees at the sites believe they have a fundamental right to work. Unions in the AFL-CIO's Building and Construction Trades Dept. insist that they have a clear mandate under federal labor law and the Davis-Bacon Act. The issue has heated up in recent weeks at the policy level and is boiling in a contentious dispute at DOE's Fernald site in Ohio.

  18. Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: Hythane project by Hydrogen China Ltd and China Railway Construction...

  19. Union Light, Heat & Power Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: Union Light, Heat & Power Co Place: Kentucky References: Energy Information Administration.1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 19446 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

  20. Union Power Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficient Heat Pump Loan Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Union Power Cooperative offers low interest loans to help its qualifying residential customers finance new, energy-efficient heat pumps. Interest rates, currently at 9%, will be fixed for the term...

  1. Active Labor Unions Interfacing with DOE – June 2014

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This information book provides an overview of what has been learned through the interface with representative labor unions and related stakeholders as well as accomplishments and current efforts to address any identified areas of concern.

  2. Union City, New Jersey 07087 Dear Mayor Walter:

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    3715 Paisade Avenue - .*<;1 Union City, New Jersey 07087 Dear Mayor Walter: Secretary of Energy Hazel O'Leary has announced a new approach to openness in the Department of ...

  3. Innovation and Energy at the State Of The Union

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    A few of the First Lady's guests at the 2013 State of the Union hail from the fields of science, energy and innovation. Read more about these individuals and their remarkable accomplishments.

  4. Union City, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Union City is a city in Alameda County, California. It falls under California's 13th congressional district.12...

  5. Union Hill-Novelty Hill, Washington: Energy Resources | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    help OpenEI by expanding it. Union Hill-Novelty Hill is a census-designated place in King County, Washington.1 References US Census Bureau 2005 Place to 2006 CBSA...

  6. ECOtality China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ECOtality China Jump to: navigation, search Name: ECOtality China Place: China Product: China-based manufacturer of electric vehicle charging systems. References: ECOtality...

  7. American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting American Geophysical Union (AGU) meeting December 12, 2016 9:00AM EST to December 16, 2016 5:00PM EST Moscone Center San Francisco, California The AGU fall meeting is the largest worldwide conference in the geophysical science community attracting more than 24,000 earth and space scientists, educators, students and other leaders. For 46 years, energized and passionate earth and space scientists from around the world gather at the AGU fall meeting to

  8. Amitava Bhattacharjee Elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Amitava Bhattacharjee Elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union By Raphael Rosen September 18, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook (Photo by Photo Credit: Elle Starkman/PPPL Office of Communications) Amitava Bhattacharjee, head of the Theory Department at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and professor of astrophysical sciences at Princeton University, has been elected a fellow of the American Geophysical Union (AGU). The

  9. Comment submitted by Consumers Union regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a comment submitted by Consumers Union regarding the Energy Star Verification Testing Program

  10. Antiferromagnetism in EuCu2As2 and EuCu1.82Sb2 single crystals

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Anand, V. K.; Johnston, D. C.

    2015-05-07

    Single crystals of EuCu2As2 and EuCu2Sb2 were grown from CuAs and CuSb self-flux, respectively. The crystallographic, magnetic, thermal, and electronic transport properties of the single crystals were investigated by room-temperature x-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T, isothermal magnetization M versus magnetic field H, specific heat Cp(T), and electrical resistivity ρ(T) measurements. EuCu2As2 crystallizes in the body-centered tetragonal ThCr2Si2-type structure (space group I4/mmm), whereas EuCu2Sb2 crystallizes in the related primitive tetragonal CaBe2Ge2-type structure (space group P4/nmm). The energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and XRD data for the EuCu2Sb2 crystals showed the presence of vacancies on the Cu sites, yielding themore » actual composition EuCu1.82Sb2. The ρ(T) and Cp(T) data reveal metallic character for both EuCu2As2 and EuCu1.82Sb2. Antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is indicated from the χ(T),Cp(T), and ρ(T) data for both EuCu2As2 (TN = 17.5 K) and EuCu1.82Sb2 (TN = 5.1 K). In EuCu1.82Sb2, the ordered-state χ(T) and M(H) data suggest either a collinear A-type AFM ordering of Eu+2 spins S = 7/2 or a planar noncollinear AFM structure, with the ordered moments oriented in the tetragonal ab plane in either case. This ordered-moment orientation for the A-type AFM is consistent with calculations with magnetic dipole interactions. As a result, the anisotropic χ(T) and isothermal M(H) data for EuCu2As2, also containing Eu+2 spins S = 7/2, strongly deviate from the predictions of molecular field theory for collinear AFM ordering and the AFM structure appears to be both noncollinear and noncoplanar.« less

  11. State of the Union Remarks on Energy in Four Charts | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Union Remarks on Energy in Four Charts State of the Union Remarks on Energy in Four Charts January 22, 2015 - 10:23am Addthis Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Visualization and Cartographic Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Sarah Gerrity Sarah Gerrity Former Multimedia Editor, Office of Public Affairs More State of the Union Coverage Interested in hearing the President's energy and climate change related remarks from the State of the Union? Watch the video! In Tuesday's State of the Union

  12. Optical Probing of metamagnetic phases in epitaxial EuSe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galgano, G. D.; Henriques, A. B.; Bauer, G.; Springholz, G.

    2011-12-23

    EuSe is a wide gap magnetic semiconductors with a potential for applications in proof-of-concept spintronic devices. When the temperature is lowered, EuSe goes through sharp transitions between a variety of magnetic phases and is thus described as metamagnetic. The purpose of the present investigation is to correlate the magnetic order to the sharp dichroic doublet, discovered recently in high quality thin epitaxial layers of EuSe, grown by molecular beam epitaxy. We report detailed measurements of the doublet positions and intensities as a function of magnetic field in low temperatures, covering several magnetic phases.

  13. AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Shouxian Deployment AMF Home Shouxian Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments ... AMF Poster, Mandarin Version News Campaign Images AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China In its ...

  14. Eu{sup 3+} luminescence enhancement by intercalation of benzenepolycarboxylic guests into Eu{sup 3+}-doped layered gadolinium hydroxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gu, Qingyang; Pan, Guohua; Ma, Teng; Huang, Gailing; Sun, Genban; Ma, Shulan; Yang, Xiaojing

    2014-05-01

    Graphical abstract: Two benzenepolycarboxylic sensitizers, 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (BTA) and 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid (BA), were intercalated into NO{sub 3}–LGdH:Eu, in which different structures of the compounds resulted in varied arrangement in the gallery. The two organic compounds especially BA markedly enhanced the red luminescence of Eu{sup 3+} due to efficient energy transfer between the organic guests and Eu{sup 3+} centers. - Highlights: • We report the intercalation of benzenepolycarboxylic organic sensitizers into LRH. • We study the intercalation structure and the arrangement of the interlayer guests. • The two organic compounds can markedly enhance the luminescence of Eu{sup 3+}. • There exists efficient energy transfer between organic guests and Eu{sup 3+} centers. • This material opens a route for fabricating new multifunctional luminescent materials. - Abstract: Two benzenepolycarboxylic organic sensitizers, 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (BTA) and 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid (BA), were intercalated into the gallery of NO{sub 3}{sup −} type Eu{sup 3+}-doped layered gadolinium hydroxide (NO{sub 3}–LGdH:Eu). CHN analysis, FTIR, and SEM were employed to characterize the intercalation structures of the as-prepared organic/inorganic hybrids. The area per unit charge (S{sub charge}) was used to explain the intercalation structure and the arrangement of the interlayer guests. Different structures of the two organic compounds resulted in varied arrangement of guests. Photoluminescence studies indicated that both of the two organic compounds especially BA markedly enhanced the red luminescence of Eu{sup 3+} due to efficient energy transfer between the organic guests and Eu{sup 3+} centers.

  15. January 20, 2011, HSS Union Focus Group Meeting - Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0-11 HSS/Union Focus Group Meeting January 20, 2011 2:00 - 3:00 PM (EST) Call-in: 301-903-0617 Agenda * Opening Remarks [G. Podonsky] * 2011 Strategic Initiatives - Status/Next Steps Overview - Safety & Security Reform Status [B. Eckroade/S. Kirchhoff] - NAPA Worker Dialogue [MJ Campagnone] - Aging Workforce [M. Ardaiz] - Training Assessment Pilots [L. Gasperow/J. Lozoya] * Safety Concerns: Safety Culture [J. Frederick] - DOE/EFCOG ISMS Task Team Report [P. Worthington] * DOE/Union

  16. Secretary Ernest Moniz

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the E3EU+3 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United States) and Iran. ...

  17. EU Energy Voith Turbo JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: EU Energy & Voith Turbo JV Place: Germany Sector: Wind energy Product: Joint co-operation agreement for the development of the Voith WinDrive...

  18. Partitioning of Eu between augite and a highly spiked martian basalt composition as a function of oxygen fugacity (IW-1 to QFM): Determination of Eu[superscript 2+]/Eu[superscript 3+] ratios by XANES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karner, J.M.; Papike, J.J.; Sutton, S.R.; Burger, P.V.; Shearer, C.K.; Le, L.; Newville, M.; Choi, Y.

    2010-03-16

    We have determined D{sub Eu} between augite and melt in samples that crystallized from a highly spiked martian basalt composition at four f{sub O{sub 2}} conditions. D{sub Eu} augite/melt shows a steady increase with f{sub O{sub 2}} from 0.086 at IW-1 to 0.274 at IW+3.5. This increase is because Eu{sup 3+} is more compatible than Eu{sup 2+} in the pyroxene structure; thus increasing f{sub O{sub 2}} leads to greater Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} in the melt and more Eu (total) can partition into the crystallizing pyroxene. This interpretation is supported by direct determinations of Eu valence state by XANES, which show a steady increase of Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} with increasing f{sub O{sub 2}} in both pyroxene (0.38 to 14.6) and glass (0.20 to 12.6) in the samples. Also, pyroxene Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} is higher than that of adjacent glass in all the samples, which verifies that Eu{sup 3+} is more compatible than Eu{sup 2+} in the pyroxene structure. Combining partitioning data with XANES data allows for the calculation of specific valence state D-values for augite/melt where D{sub Eu{sup 3+}} = 0.28 and D{sub Eu{sup 2+}} = 0.07.

  19. ESCO Industry in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the development, achievements, and functions of the China Energy Conservation project and ESCO.

  20. China`s Clean Coal Technology Program (translation abstract)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-06-01

    China is the largest producer and consumer of coal in the world. This paper describes China`s program for the development and use of clean coal.

  1. New localized/delocalized emitting state of Eu2+ in orange-emitting hexagonal EuAl2O4

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Liu, Feng; Meltzer, Richard S.; Li, Xufan; Budai, John D.; Chen, Yu -Sheng; Pan, Zhengwei

    2014-11-18

    Eu2+-activated phosphors are being widely used in illuminations and displays. Some of these phosphors feature an extremely broad and red-shifted Eu2+ emission band; however, convincing explanation of this phenomenon is lacking. Here we report a new localized/delocalized emitting state of Eu2+ ions in a new hexagonal EuAl2O4 phosphor whose Eu2+ luminescence exhibits a very large bandwidth and an extremely large Stokes shift. At 77 K, two luminescent sites responsible for 550 nm and 645 nm broadband emissions are recognized, while at room temperature only the 645 nm emission band emits. The 645 nm emission exhibits a typical radiative lifetime ofmore » 1.27 μs and an unusually large Stokes shift of 0.92 eV. We identify the 645 nm emission as originating from a new type of emitting state whose composition is predominantly that of localized 4f65d character but which also contains a complementary component with delocalized conduction-band-like character. This investigation gives new insights into a unique type of Eu2+ luminescence in solids whose emission exhibits both a very large bandwidth and an extremely large Stokes shift.« less

  2. China Energy Primer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni, Chun Chun

    2009-11-16

    Based on extensive analysis of the 'China Energy Databook Version 7' (October 2008) this Primer for China's Energy Industry draws a broad picture of China's energy industry with the two goals of helping users read and interpret the data presented in the 'China Energy Databook' and understand the historical evolution of China's energy inustry. Primer provides comprehensive historical reviews of China's energy industry including its supply and demand, exports and imports, investments, environment, and most importantly, its complicated pricing system, a key element in the analysis of China's energy sector.

  3. December 4, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting on 2008 HSS...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Union Working Group Meeting December 4, 2008 1:00 - 4:00 pm EST FORS 7E-069 SUBJECT: 2008 HSSUnion Topical Wrap Up Meeting Facilitation by 2008 Topical Union Leads Ron AultTom ...

  4. Join @Energy for the 2015 State of the Union Address | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Join @Energy for the 2015 State of the Union Address Join @Energy for the 2015 State of the Union Address January 20, 2015 - 12:08pm Addthis Join us for live coverage of the State...

  5. Palcan China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Palcan China Place: Shanghai, Shanghai Municipality, China Zip: 200000 Product: Joint venture to produce PEMFC stacks in China at low cost. Coordinates: 31.247709, 121.472618...

  6. Taggart China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Taggart China Jump to: navigation, search Name: Taggart China Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100022 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: US based Taggart Global...

  7. Blue emission of Eu2+-doped translucent alumina

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yang, Yan; Zhang, Lihua; Kisslinger, Kim; Wei, Hua; Melcher, Charles L.; Wu, Yiquan

    2015-08-21

    Inorganic scintillators are very important in medical and industrial measuring systems in the detection and measurement of ionizing radiation. In addition to Ce3+, a widely used dopant ion in oxide scintillators, divalent Europium (Eu2+) has shown promise as a high-luminescence, fast-response luminescence center useful in the detection of ionizing radiation. In this research, aluminum oxide (Al2O3) was studied as a host material for the divalent europium ion. Polycrystalline samples of Eu2+-doped translucent Al2O3 were fabricated, and room temperature luminescence behavior was observed. Al2O3 ceramics doped with 0.1 at% Eu2+ were fabricated with a relative density of 99.75% theoretical density andmore » in-line transmittance of 22% at a wavelength of 800 nm. The ceramics were processed by a gel-casting method, followed by sintering under high vacuum. The gelling agent, a copolymer of isobutylene and maleic anhydride, is marketed under the commercial name ISOBAM, and has the advantage of simultaneously acting as both a gelling agent and as a dispersant. The microstructure and composition of the vacuum-sintered Eu2+:Al2O3 were characterized by Scanning Electric Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The phase composition was determined by X-ray diffraction measurements (XRD) combined with Rietveld analysis. The photoluminescence behavior of the Eu2+:Al2O3 was characterized using UV light as the excitation source, which emitted blue emission at 440 nm. The radio-luminescence of Eu2+:Al2O3 was investigated by illumination with X-ray radiation, showing three emission bands at 376 nm, 575 nm and 698 nm. Furthermore, multiple level traps at different depths were detected in the Eu2+:Al2O3 by employing thermoluminescence measurements.« less

  8. Natcore China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Natcore China Place: China Product: China-based JV formed to develop and manufacture PV cell coating equipment and materials. References: Natcore China1 This article is a stub....

  9. Brooklyn Union develops tool for replacing steel, cast iron mains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marazzo, J.J. )

    1994-12-01

    Over the last 10 years, Brooklyn Union Gas Co. has undergone significant changes in the methods it has used to install gas service and gas main systems. Recently, Brooklyn Union engineers developed a user friendly method of replacing steel and cast iron gas mains and service lines with same size or larger polyethylene pipe without using conventional trench excavation. The system, known as the ''Bullet'' pipe replacement system, involves splitting steel and cast iron pipe using a series of rolling cutter wheels. After consecutive cutting wheels completely penetrate both pipe and fittings, both pipe and soil are spread with an expander and new polyethylene pipe is inserted. The ''Bullet'' pipe splitting system for 1[1/4] in. (32 mm) through 6 in. (150 mm) diameter has been developed.

  10. Energy market of the European union: common or segmented?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nowak, Bartlomiej

    2010-12-15

    The European energy market operates on the premise of open and competitive markets among its 27 member states. But the gas and electricity market dynamics and levels of competitiveness vary enormously across the EU 27. Among the issues are unequal implementation of electricity and gas directives, a lack of independent energy regulators, the absence of proper and full unbundling, and discriminatory third-party access to the infrastructure. (author)

  11. April 30, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting to address training - Executive Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HSS/UNION MEETING TO ADDRESS TRAINING INTEGRATED EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND FINAL ACTION LIST HSS and the labor unions who participated in the initial 2007 HSS Focus Group meetings agreed to a path forward in which various unions combined to form core working groups to address union identified issues by topical area. The following is a synthesis of actions/activities identified in the April 30 HSS/Union meeting to address training issues with focus in the areas of the development of DOE-wide HAMMER

  12. Sandians Participate in 46th Annual American Geophysical Union (AGU)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Conference Participate in 46th Annual American Geophysical Union (AGU) Conference - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing

  13. EERE Success Story—Iowa: West Union Green Transformation Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of West Union, Iowa, installed a closed-circuit geothermal heating and cooling system designed to heat and cool 330,000 square feet of mixed used space in the downtown area, including 80% of the 60 downtown buildings. The city also set up a system of mini-grants for downtown businesses to help defray the costs of weatherizing their buildings and connecting to the system.

  14. Management system saves Brooklyn Union $1 million/year

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-04-01

    This paper reviews the information system developed for Brooklyn Union Gas Co. to reduce staff and improve performance in its utility business. It reviews the hardware systems and software codes to manage the various geographical information. The system runs UNIX-based CAD software. The paper also reviews the networking of the various information systems and the ability to interact with both PC and workstation components.

  15. Amitava Bhattacharjee Elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Princeton Plasma Physics Lab Amitava Bhattacharjee Elected a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union By Raphael Rosen September 18, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook PPPL Physicist Amitava Bhattacharjee (Photo by Elle Starkman) PPPL Physicist Amitava Bhattacharjee Amitava Bhattacharjee, head of the Theory Department at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and professor of astrophysical sciences at Princeton University, has been elected a fellow of the American

  16. Rotary union for use with ultrasonic thickness measuring probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nachbar, Henry D.

    1992-01-01

    A rotary union for rotatably supporting an ultrasonic probe operable to nondestructively measure the thickness of steam generator tubes to determine the amount of corrosion experienced by the tubes includes a stationary body having a bore therethrough and an outlet drain, and a fitting rotatably mounted within the upper end of the body. The fitting has a bore aligned with the bore of the body. An electrical cable positioned within a water supply tube in an annular arrangement passes through the bore of the body and the bore of the fitting. This annular arrangement, in turn, is positioned within a connector element which extends outwardly from the fitting bore and is connected to the ultrasonic probe. An elastomeric lower bushing seals the annular arrangement to the lower end of the rotary union body and an elastomeric upper bushing seals the connector element to the fitting to permit the connector element and the ultrasonic probe connected thereto to rotate with the fitting relative to the body. The lower and upper bushings permit water to be passed through the annular arrangement and into the ultrasonic probe and thereafter discharged between the annular arrangement and the connector element to the outlet drain of the rotary union body.

  17. Rotary union for use with ultrasonic thickness measuring probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nachbar, H.D.

    1992-09-15

    A rotary union for rotatably supporting an ultrasonic probe operable to nondestructively measure the thickness of steam generator tubes to determine the amount of corrosion experienced by the tubes includes a stationary body having a bore therethrough and an outlet drain, and a fitting rotatably mounted within the upper end of the body. The fitting has a bore aligned with the bore of the body. An electrical cable positioned within a water supply tube in an annular arrangement passes through the bore of the body and the bore of the fitting. This annular arrangement, in turn, is positioned within a connector element which extends outwardly from the fitting bore and is connected to the ultrasonic probe. An elastomeric lower bushing seals the annular arrangement to the lower end of the rotary union body and an elastomeric upper bushing seals the connector element to the fitting to permit the connector element and the ultrasonic probe connected thereto to rotate with the fitting relative to the body. The lower and upper bushings permit water to be passed through the annular arrangement and into the ultrasonic probe and thereafter discharged between the annular arrangement and the connector element to the outlet drain of the rotary union body. 5 figs.

  18. CMI hosts EU, Japan to discuss global critical materials strategy |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Critical Materials Institute CMI hosts EU, Japan to discuss global critical materials strategy mlthach's picture Submitted by mlthach on Wed, 09/10/2014 - 18:00 Finding ways to ensure the planet's supply of rare earths and other materials necessary for clean energy technologies is a global challenge, and experts from around the world gathered to meet it at the fourth annual EU-US-Japan Trilateral Conference on Critical Materials on Monday (September 8, 2014). The U.S. Department of Energy's

  19. Effect of Eu substitution on superconductivity in Ba{sub 8?x}Eu{sub x}Al{sub 6}Si{sub 40} clathrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Lihua; Bi, Shanli; Peng, Bailu; Li, Yang

    2015-05-07

    The silicon clathrate superconductor is uncommon as its structure is dominated by strong Si-Si covalent bonds, rather than the metallic bond, that are more typical of traditional superconductors. To understand the influence of large magnetic moment of Eu on superconductivity for type-I clathrates, a series of samples with the chemical formula Ba{sub 8?x}Eu{sub x}Al{sub 6}Si{sub 40} (x?=?0, 0.5, 1, and 2) were synthesised in which Eu occupied Ba sites in cage center. With the increase of Eu content, the cubic lattice parameter decreases monotonically signifying continuous shrinkage of the constituting (Ba/Eu)@Si{sub 20} and (Ba/Eu)@Si{sub 24} cages. The temperature dependence of magnetization at low temperature revealed that Ba{sub 8}Al{sub 6}Si{sub 40} is superconductive with transition temperature at T{sub C}?=?5.6?K. The substitution of Eu for Ba results in a strong superconductivity suppression; Eu-doping largely decreases the superconducting volume and transition temperature T{sub C}. Eu atoms enter the clathrate lattice and their magnetic moments break paired electrons. The Curie-Weiss temperatures were observed at 3.9, 6.6, and 10.9?K, respectively, for samples with x?=?0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. Such ferromagnetic interaction of Eu can destroy superconductivity.

  20. Polish plant beats the odds to become model EU generator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neville, A.

    2009-03-15

    Once a Soviet satellite, Poland is now transforming into a thoroughly modern nation. To support its growing economy, this recent European Union member country is modernizing its power industry. Exemplifying the advances in the Polish electricity generation market is the 460 MW Patnow II power plant - the largest, most efficient (supercritical cycle) and environmentally cleanest lignite-fired unit in the country. 3 photos.

  1. China Power Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Power Inc Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100020 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: China Power Inc., a subsidiary of China Holdings Inc., is a project developer for...

  2. China Photoelectricity Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Photoelectricity Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Photoelectricity Group Place: China Product: A PV cell maker in China. References: China Photoelectricity Group1...

  3. China National CDM Board | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Board Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National CDM Board Place: Beijing Municipality, China Product: Regulator for CDM development in China. References: China National CDM...

  4. GC China Turbine Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GC China Turbine Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: GC China Turbine Corp Place: Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product: China-base wind turbine manufacturer....

  5. Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chengdu China Photoelectric Apollo Place: Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China Sector: Solar Product: China-based...

  6. China City Investment Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China City Investment Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: China City Investment Group Place: Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China Sector: Renewable Energy Product: China-based...

  7. Planning for a Sustainable Future of the Cincinnati Union Terminal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-04-30

    The Cincinnati Museum Center invited a number of local stakeholders, political leaders, nationally and internationally recognized design professionals and the Design Team, that has been engaged to help shape the future of this remarkable resource, to work together in a Workshop that would begin to shape a truly sustainable future for both the Museum and its home, the Union Terminal, one of the most significant buildings in America. This report summarizes and highlights the discussions that took place during the Workshop and presents recommendations for shaping a direction and a framework for the future.

  8. Cooperation with the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Cooperation with the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union Cooperation with the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union The following Acquisition Letter 95-14 includes the terms and conditions (both intellectual property and non-intellectual property) that are to be used in subcontracts between DOE national laboratories and institutes in the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union (NIS). There are two patent and data clauses - one for the

  9. President Obama Praises NAMII in State of the Union Address | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy President Obama Praises NAMII in State of the Union Address President Obama Praises NAMII in State of the Union Address October 10, 2013 - 12:03pm Addthis A view of additive manufacturing machines at the NAMII facility in Youngstown, Ohio. Photo credit: National Additive Manufacturing Institute. A view of additive manufacturing machines at the NAMII facility in Youngstown, Ohio. Photo credit: National Additive Manufacturing Institute. In his 2013 State of the Union address, President

  10. Watch Energy Highlights from the 2016 State of the Union | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy 2016 State of the Union Watch Energy Highlights from the 2016 State of the Union January 13, 2016 - 3:19pm Addthis Watch the Energy highlights from President Obama's final State of the Union delivered January 12, 2016. | Video by Simon Edelman, Energy Department. Simon Edelman Simon Edelman Chief Creative Officer Allison Lantero Allison Lantero Digital Content Specialist, Office of Public Affairs From climate change to wind and solar power to electric vehicles, President Obama touched

  11. #SOTU Roundup: Energy Highlights from the 2014 State of the Union |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy #SOTU Roundup: Energy Highlights from the 2014 State of the Union #SOTU Roundup: Energy Highlights from the 2014 State of the Union January 29, 2014 - 12:45pm Addthis On January 28, 2014, President Obama delivered his fifth State of the Union address at the U.S. Capitol Building. Above, check out the energy and climate change highlights from the speech. | Video compilation by Matty Greene, Energy Department. Marissa Newhall Marissa Newhall Director of Digital Strategy

  12. TONIGHT: @Energy Livetweets the State of the Union 2013 | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Stay tuned as we livetweet the President's annual State of the Union Address later this evening. | Graphic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Stay tuned as we livetweet the President's annual State of the Union Address later this evening. | Graphic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Watch an enhanced live broadcast of the State of the Union at http://wh.gov/sotu.

  13. High Temperature Fuel Cells in the European Union | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cells in the European Union High Temperature Fuel Cells in the European Union Presentation on High Temperature Fuel Cells in the European Union to the High Temperature Membrane Working Group, May 25, 2004 in Philadelphia, PA. euhvh_philadelphia.pdf (1.38 MB) More Documents & Publications CARISMA: A Networking Project for High Temperature PEMFC MEA Activities in Europe Evaluating Exhaust Emission Performance of Urban Buses Using Transient Heavy-Duty Chassis Dynamometer Membrane Development

  14. June 11, 2009, HSS/Union Task Meeting on 2009 HSS/Union Task Progress - Assessing Training Gaps in ORPS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Training Gaps Using DOE's Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) HSS/Union Meeting June 11, 2009 2 Highlights Training is a contributing cause in about 15% of DOE operational events (about 150 per year) * Poor management practices are the most common training cause * Poor training programs are next (cited about 50 times per year) Of ORPS-reported injuries, about 17% had training as a contributing cause (101 of 594) * About 30 per year HS-30 will develop a report with a few more

  15. Brooklyn Union strategy: Re-engineering from outside in

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, W.P. Jr.

    1997-04-01

    Five years ago, the management at Brooklyn Union embarked on a long, hard look at the way the company conducted business. In effect, they stepped into their customers` shoes. Business Process Improvement (BPI) is designed to construct a lasting corporate culture that can help Brooklyn Union meet its stated goal of becoming the premier energy company in the Northeast. A major component of that culture involves a dedication to service and cost management that is as solid as their credit ratings. To date, the bottom line on BPI has been impressive: By 1995, the customer satisfaction rating, which had been hovering in the `80s, had shot up to 95%. The management commitment has come in the form of resources, and a willingness to put its money where its mouth is (rewards for performance). The employee buy-in has shown up in those outstanding ratings from customers and in the financial results. Changing the culture of any long-established entity is never easy, whether it be on the micro-level (a family, for instance) of the macro-level (a country). It involves issues of trust, and a certain leap of faith that the new approach will bring results. Communication and education are two of the keys to gaining that participation. The company was able to impress upon employees the need for change--in particular the need for them to begin thinking like customers. The paper discusses the implementation of this re-engineering strategy.

  16. September 8, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Work Group Telecom ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    provides a forum for communication and collaboration related to worker health, safety and security among HSS management and staff, labor unions, DOE Programs and stakeholders. ...

  17. Join @Energy for the 2016 State of the Union Address | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    @Energy for the 2016 State of the Union Address Join @Energy for the 2016 State of the Union Address January 11, 2016 - 11:10am Addthis Join us for live coverage of the State of the Union, starting at 9PM ET on Tuesday. | Image courtesy of Carly Wilkins. Join us for live coverage of the State of the Union, starting at 9PM ET on Tuesday. | Image courtesy of Carly Wilkins. Allison Lantero Allison Lantero Digital Content Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Follow along with

  18. A look back at Union Carbides [first] 20 Years in Nuclear Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    first 20 Years in Nuclear Energy The Gaseous Diffusion Plants Note: Union Carbide Nuclear Division, which started out as Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Company, operated the...

  19. April 30, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting to address training...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... Typical Training Classes z Crisis Management z Emergency Planning & Response z Disaster Site ... signatory recognized some of the problems facing the non- union sector in terms ...

  20. A look back at Union Carbides first 20 Years in Nuclear Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Note: Union Carbide Nuclear Division, which started out as Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Company, operated the Atomic Energy CommissionEnergy Research and Development ...

  1. Join Energy.gov at the 2014 State of the Union | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy.gov at the 2014 State of the Union Join Energy.gov at the 2014 State of the Union January 28, 2014 - 11:23am Addthis Join Energy.gov tonight as we livetweet about all the major energy points in the President's State of the Union address. | Graphic by <a href="/node/379579">Sarah Gerrity</a>, Energy Department. Join Energy.gov tonight as we livetweet about all the major energy points in the President's State of the Union address. | Graphic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy

  2. Union zur F rderung von Oel und Proteinpflanzen Ufop | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    zur F rderung von Oel und Proteinpflanzen Ufop Jump to: navigation, search Name: Union zur Frderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (Ufop) Place: Germany Product: Germany-based...

  3. EuTZn (T=Pd, Pt, Au) with TiNiSi-type structure-Magnetic properties and {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishra, Trinath; Hermes, Wilfried; Harmening, Thomas; Eul, Matthias; Poettgen, Rainer

    2009-09-15

    The europium compounds EuTZn (T=Pd, Pt, Au) were synthesized from the elements in sealed tantalum tubes in an induction furnace. These intermetallics crystallize with the orthorhombic TiNiSi-type structure, space group Pnma. The structures were investigated by X-ray diffraction on powders and single crystals: a=732.3(2), b=448.5(2), c=787.7(2) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0400/0.0594, 565 F{sup 2} values for EuPdZn, a=727.8(3), b=443.7(1), c=781.7(3) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0605/0.0866, 573 F{sup 2} values for EuPtZn, and a=747.4(2), b=465.8(2), c=789.1(4) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0351/0.0590, 658 F{sup 2} values for EuAuZn, with 20 variables per refinement. Together the T and zinc atoms build up three-dimensional [TZn] networks with short T-Zn distances. The EuTZn compounds show Curie-Weiss behavior in the temperature range from 75 to 300 K with mu{sub eff}=7.97(1), 7.70(1), and 7.94(1) mu{sub B}/Eu atom and theta{sub P}=18.6(1), 34.9(1), and 55.5(1) K for T=Pd, Pt, and Au, respectively, indicating divalent europium. Antiferromagntic ordering was detected at 15.1(3) K for EuPdZn and canted ferromagnetic ordering at 21.2(3) and 51.1(3) K for EuPtZn and EuAuZn. {sup 151}Eu Moessbauer spectroscopic measurements confirm the divalent nature of the europium atoms by isomer shift values ranging from -8.22(8) (EuPtZn) to -9.23(2) mm/s (EuAuZn). At 4.2 K full magnetic hyperfine field splitting is observed in all three compounds due to magnetic ordering of the europium magnetic moments. - Graphical abstract: Europium coordination in EuPdZn, EuPtZn, and EuAuZn.

  4. US-EU-Japan Working Group on Critical Materials

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    US-EU-Japan Working Group on Critical Materials 4 th Annual Meeting Iowa State University Hosted by The Critical Materials Institute The Ames Laboratory September 8, 2014 AGENDA 8:30 Registration 9:00 Welcome Alex King, Director, Critical Materials Institute Opening Remarks 9:10 Akito Tani, Deputy Director-General, Manufacturing Industries Bureau, MET 9:20 Gwenole Cozigou, Director, DG Enterprise and Industry 9:30 Mark Johnson, Director, Advanced Manufacturing Office, DOE Session 1: Anticipating

  5. Thermoluminescence of Eu activated LiF nanophosphors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Satinder; Sharma, A. K.; Lochab, S. P.; Kumar, Ravi

    2012-06-05

    Nanocrystalline lithium fluoride (LiF) phosphors prepared by the chemical co-precipitation method at 8.00 pH value have been activated with Eu (0.01, 0.03, 0.07 and 0.1%nt;) as single dopants. The formation of nanocrystalline structure has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Thermolumniscence (TL) properties of LiF: Eu nano-phosphors irradiated with gamma rays at different doses of 100 Gy - 10 kGy have been further studied. There is only one main glow peak at around 122 deg. C; which shifts to higher temperature with an increase in doping concentration at all studied irradiation doses. However, the glow peak shifts to lower temperature with an increase in irradiation dose from 100 Gy to 10 kGy. The LiF nano-crystallites synthesized at 8.00 pH and activated with 0.03%nt; Eu are found to have maximum TL sensitivity at studied gamma doses.

  6. Union Pacific Railroad`s LNG locomotive test program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grimaila, B.

    1995-12-31

    Union Pacific Railroad is testing LNG in six locomotives through 1997 to determine if the liquefied natural gas technology is right for them. Two of the six LNG test locomotives are switch, or yard, locomotives. These 1,350 horsepower locomotives are the industry`s first locomotives totally fueled by natural gas. They`re being tested in the yard in the Los Angeles area. The other four locomotives are long-haul locomotives fueled by two tenders. These units are duel-fueled, operating on a mixture of LNG and diesel and are being tested primarily on the Los Angeles to North Platte, Nebraska corridor. All the information concerning locomotive emissions, locomotive performance, maintenance requirements, the overall LNG system design and the economic feasibility of the project will be analyzed to determine if UPR should expand, or abandon, the LNG technology.

  7. Preferential Eu Site Occupation and Its Consequences in the Ternary Luminescent HalidesAB2I5:Eu2+(A=Li–Cs;B=Sr, Ba)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fang, C.  M.; Biswas, Koushik

    2015-07-22

    Several rare-earth-doped, heavy-metal halides have recently been identified as potential next-generation luminescent materials with high efficiency at low cost. AB2I5:Eu2+ (A=Li–Cs; B=Sr, Ba) is one such family of halides. Its members, such as CsBa2I5:Eu2+ and KSr2I5:Eu2+, are currently being investigated as high-performance scintillators with improved sensitivity, light yield, and energy resolution less than 3% at 662 keV. Within the AB2I5 family, our first-principles-based calculations reveal two remarkably different trends in Eu site occupation. The substitutional Eu ions occupy both eightfold-coordinated B1(VIII) and the sevenfold-coordinated B2(VII) sites in the Sr-containing compounds. However, in the Ba-containing crystals, Eu ions strongly prefer themore »B2(VII)sites. This random versus preferential distribution of Eu affects their electronic properties. The calculations also suggest that in the Ba-containing compounds one can expect the formation of Eu-rich domains. These results provide atomistic insight into recent experimental observations about the concentration and temperature effects in Eu-doped CsBa2I5. We discuss the implications of our results with respect to luminescent properties and applications. We also hypothesize Sr, Ba-mixed quaternary iodides ABaVIIISrVIII5:Eu as scintillators having enhanced homogeneity and electronic properties.« less

  8. Preferential Eu Site Occupation and Its Consequences in the Ternary Luminescent HalidesAB2I5:Eu2+(A=Li–Cs;B=Sr, Ba)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Fang, C.  M.; Biswas, Koushik

    2015-07-22

    Several rare-earth-doped, heavy-metal halides have recently been identified as potential next-generation luminescent materials with high efficiency at low cost. AB2I5:Eu2+ (A=Li–Cs; B=Sr, Ba) is one such family of halides. Its members, such as CsBa2I5:Eu2+ and KSr2I5:Eu2+, are currently being investigated as high-performance scintillators with improved sensitivity, light yield, and energy resolution less than 3% at 662 keV. Within the AB2I5 family, our first-principles-based calculations reveal two remarkably different trends in Eu site occupation. The substitutional Eu ions occupy both eightfold-coordinated B1(VIII) and the sevenfold-coordinated B2(VII) sites in the Sr-containing compounds. However, in the Ba-containing crystals, Eu ions strongly prefer themore » B2(VII)sites. This random versus preferential distribution of Eu affects their electronic properties. The calculations also suggest that in the Ba-containing compounds one can expect the formation of Eu-rich domains. These results provide atomistic insight into recent experimental observations about the concentration and temperature effects in Eu-doped CsBa2I5. We discuss the implications of our results with respect to luminescent properties and applications. We also hypothesize Sr, Ba-mixed quaternary iodides ABaVIIISrVIII5:Eu as scintillators having enhanced homogeneity and electronic properties.« less

  9. Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2}: Synthesis, crystal structure, and magnetic properties of the mixed-valent europium(II,III) fluoride sulfide EuF{sub 2}.(EuFS){sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grossholz, Hagen; Hartenbach, Ingo; Kotzyba, Gunter; Poettgen, Rainer; Trill, Henning; Mosel, Bernd D.; Schleid, Thomas

    2009-11-15

    Using the method to synthesize rare-earth metal(III) fluoride sulfides MFS (M=Y, La, Ce-Lu), in some cases we were able to obtain mixed-valent compounds such as Yb{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} instead. With Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} another isotypic representative has now been synthesized. Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} (tetragonal, I4/mmm, a=400.34(2), c=1928.17(9) pm, Z=2) is obtained from the reaction of metallic europium, elemental sulfur, and europium trifluoride in a molar ratio of 5:6:4 within seven days at 850 deg. C in silica-jacketed gas-tightly sealed platinum ampoules. The single-phase product consists of black plate-shaped single crystals with a square cross section, which can be obtained from a flux using equimolar amounts of NaCl as fluxing agent. The crystal structure is best described as an intergrowth structure, in which one layer of CaF{sub 2}-type EuF{sub 2} is followed by two layers of PbFCl-type EuFS when sheeted parallel to the (001) plane. Accordingly there are two chemically and crystallographically different europium cations present. One of them (Eu{sup 2+}) is coordinated by eight fluoride anions in a cubic fashion, the other one (Eu{sup 3+}) exhibits a monocapped square antiprismatic coordination sphere with four F{sup -} and five S{sup 2-} anions. Although the structural ordering of the different charged europium cations is plausible, a certain amount of charge delocalization with some polaron activity has to take place, which is suggested by the black color of the title compound. Temperature dependent magnetic susceptibility measurements of Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} show Curie-Weiss behavior with an experimental magnetic moment of 8.19(5) mu{sub B} per formula unit and a paramagnetic Curie temperature of 0.3(2) K. No magnetic ordering is observed down to 4.2 K. In accordance with an ionic formula splitting like (Eu{sup II})(Eu{sup III}){sub 2}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} only one third of the europium centers in Eu{sub 3}F{sub 4}S{sub 2} carry permanent

  10. Hazardous waste and environmental trade: China`s issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma Jiang

    1996-12-31

    By presenting some case studies, this paper analyzes China`s situation with regard to hazardous waste: its environmental trade, treatment, and management. The paper describes China`s experiences with the environmental trade of hazardous waste in both the internal and international market. Regulations for managing the import of waste are discussed, as are China`s major approaches to the trading of hazardous waste both at home and overseas. The major reasons for setting up the Asian-Pacific Regional Training Center for Technology Transfer and Environmental Sound Management of Wastes in China and the activities involved in this effort are also described. 1 tab.

  11. November 6, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting on Aging Workforce/Strategic Initiatives - Meeting Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aging Workforce and Strategic Initiatives November 6, 2008 Integrated Executive Summary and Final Action List Background: HSS and the labor unions who participated in the initial 2007 HSS Focus Group meetings agreed to a path forward in which various unions combined to form core working groups to address union identified health and safety issues by topical area. The following is an overview of actions/activities identified in the November 6 HSS/Union meeting to address DOE and interrelated

  12. ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FOR A CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE, SEPTEMBER 8-9, 2014 | Department of Energy ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS FOR A CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE, SEPTEMBER 8-9, 2014 ANNUAL TRILATERAL U.S. - EU - JAPAN CONFERENCE ON CRITICAL MATERIALS FOR A CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE, SEPTEMBER 8-9, 2014 Agenda from the fourth meeting of the Annual Trilateral U.S. - EU - Japan Conference on Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future US-EU-Japan Working Group on Critical Materials.pdf (120.49

  13. The magnetic structure of EuCu2Sb2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryan, D. H.; Cadogan, J. M.; Anand, V. K.; Johnston, D. C.; Flacau, R.

    2015-05-06

    Antiferromagnetic ordering of EuCu2Sb2 which forms in the tetragonal CaBe2Ge2-type structure (space group P4/nmm #129) has been studied using neutron powder diffraction and 151Eu Mssbauer spectroscopy. The room temperature 151Eu isomer shift of 12.8(1) mm/s shows the Eu to be divalent, while the 151Eu hyperfine magnetic field (Bhf) reaches 28.7(2) T at 2.1 K, indicating a full Eu2+ magnetic moment. Bhf(T) follows a smooth $S=\\frac{7}{2}$ Brillouin function and yields an ordering temperature of 5.1(1) K. Refinement of the neutron diffraction data reveals a collinear A-type antiferromagnetic arrangement with the Eu moments perpendicular to the tetragonal c-axis. As a result, the refined Eu magnetic moment at 0.4 K is 7.08(15) ?B which is the full free-ion moment expected for the Eu2+ ion with $S=\\frac{7}{2}$ and a spectroscopic splitting factor of g = 2.

  14. Optical and structural stability of blue SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komatsu, Keiji; Nakamura, Atsushi; Ohshio, Shigeo; Toda, Ikumi; Muramatsu, Hiroyuki; Saitoh, Hidetoshi

    2013-08-15

    Chemical stability of 6-coodinated SrO is a fundamental problem when this is used for various applications. In this study, optical and chemical stabilities of 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor were investigated. SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor was synthesized from thermal treatment of SrO:Eu powder located on a single crystalline MgO at 1500 C under reduction atmosphere. Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence and chemical stability in distilled water for 3 days. Our findings prove that obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} possesses relative optical and chemical stabilities in water. - Graphical abstract: Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence in distilled water. Highlights: We investigated optical and chemical stabilities of 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor in water. Obtained 8-coordinated SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor exhibit strong blue luminescence and chemical stability in distilled water for 3 days. We found that the 8-coodrodinated SrO crystal structure changed to SrCO{sub 3} crystal structure after the 5 days immersion. The obtained SrO:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor possesses high chemical stability under water, compared with commercial (6-coordinated) SrO.

  15. U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost Jobs, Growth and Competitiveness

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC - Today, the Bush Administration hosted the second informal U.S.-EU economic ministerial meeting to discuss transatlantic economic integration and shared economic challenges. ...

  16. The magnetic structure of EuCu2Sb2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryan, D. H.; Cadogan, J. M.; Anand, V. K.; Johnston, D. C.; Flacau, R.

    2015-05-06

    Antiferromagnetic ordering of EuCu2Sb2 which forms in the tetragonal CaBe2Ge2-type structure (space group P4/nmm #129) has been studied using neutron powder diffraction and 151Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy. The room temperature 151Eu isomer shift of –12.8(1) mm/s shows the Eu to be divalent, while the 151Eu hyperfine magnetic field (Bhf) reaches 28.7(2) T at 2.1 K, indicating a full Eu2+ magnetic moment. Bhf(T) follows a smooth $S=\\frac{7}{2}$ Brillouin function and yields an ordering temperature of 5.1(1) K. Refinement of the neutron diffraction data reveals a collinear A-type antiferromagnetic arrangement with the Eu moments perpendicular to the tetragonal c-axis. As a result, the refined Eu magnetic moment at 0.4 K is 7.08(15) μB which is the full free-ion moment expected for the Eu2+ ion with $S=\\frac{7}{2}$ and a spectroscopic splitting factor of g = 2.

  17. EU Energy Renewables Ltd now part of DeWind | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Product: Previously a subsidiary of EU Energy plc focused on researching renewable energy technologies, until acquisition by Composite Technology...

  18. China | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    China U.S. and China Continue Cooperative Partnership to Advance Safe, Secure Civil Nuclear Energy for Clean Energy Future DOE/NNSA Hosts 11th U.S.-China Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology Meeting at Savannah River National Laboratory in Aiken, South Carolina (Aiken, South Carolina) - On May 10-11, 2016 the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the China... NNSA Deputy Administrator Creedon Travels to China In March, National Nuclear Security

  19. GE Global Research in Shanghai, China

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Shanghai, China Shanghai, China GE's commercial and industrial history meets challenges posed by China's rapid growth to produce work reflecting the advancing world. Click to email ...

  20. Guangdong, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Companies in Guangdong, China BSL-Solar Big China Solar Energy Group China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company Guangdong Baolihua New Energy Corporation Zhuhai Oil Energy Science and...

  1. Guangzhou, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Province in China. Registered Energy Companies in Guangzhou, China China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company Guangdong Baolihua New Energy Corporation References http:...

  2. Category:China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporation China's National Climate Change Programme China-2050 Wind Technology Roadmap J Jiangsu, China Jiangsu-California MOU N National Development and Reform Commission...

  3. REpower North China Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: REpower North (China) Ltd Place: Baotou, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Zip: 14033 Product: Joint venture to manufacture 2MW...

  4. China Solar Tower Development | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tower Development Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Tower Development Place: China Sector: Solar Product: Joint venture for development of solar towers in China,...

  5. Tang Energy China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy China Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tang Energy China Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Product: Main operational centre for Tang Energy. Coordinates:...

  6. China Gengsheng Minerals Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gengsheng Minerals Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Gengsheng Minerals Inc Place: Henan Province, China Product: China-based material technology company. References:...

  7. China Power Equipment Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Power Equipment Inc Place: Xian, China Zip: 70075 Product: China-based manufacturer of energy saving transformers and transformer cores....

  8. National Energy Commission (China) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Commission (China) Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Energy Commission (China) Place: Beijing References: National Energy Commission (China)1 This article is a stub. You...

  9. Fujian China Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fujian China Power Place: Fujian Province, China Sector: Hydro Product: A hydro power project developer. References: Fujian China Power1...

  10. China Renewable Energy College | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Name: China Renewable Energy College Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 102206 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: China's first academic renewable energy College. References:...

  11. Watch Energy Highlights from the State of the Union | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State of the Union Watch Energy Highlights from the State of the Union January 21, 2015 - 11:46am Addthis Matty Greene Matty Greene Former Videographer From low gas prices to growth in renewable energy sources like wind and solar, energy featured prominently in President Obama's sixth State of the Union address last night. From the way we produce energy to how we use it in our homes and businesses, the President laid out key ways that he plans to fight climate change and build the clean energy

  12. SrAgZn and EuAgZn with KHg{sub 2}-type structure—Structure, magnetic properties, and {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerke, Birgit; Rodewald, Ute Ch.; Niehaus, Oliver; Pöttgen, Rainer

    2013-07-15

    Samples of SrAgZn and EuAgZn were synthesized by reaction of the elements in sealed tantalum crucibles. Both structures were refined on the basis of single crystal X-ray diffractometer data: KHg{sub 2}-type, Imma, a=476.7(1), b=780.9(2), c=810.1(2) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0189/0.0119, 381 F² values for SrAg{sub 1.12}Zn{sub 0.88} and a=474.43(9), b=760.8(2), c=799.0(2) pm, R{sub 1}/wR{sub 2}=0.0226/0.0483, 370 F² values for EuAg{sub 1.17}Zn{sub 0.83} with 13 variables per refinement. Silver and zinc are randomly distributed on the Hg position and build up three-dimensional networks. EuAgZn shows ferromagnetic ordering at 29(1) K. In the temperature range from 75 to 300 K the sample shows Curie–Weiss behaviour with μ{sub eff}=7.87(1) μ{sub B}/Eu atom and θ{sub P}=37.1(1) K, indicating divalent europium. {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopic measurements confirmed the divalent state with an isomer shift of −9.31 mm/s at 78 K. Temperature dependent {sup 151}Eu data show first magnetic hyperfine field splitting at 25 K and a saturated magnetization of 17 T at 5.2 K. The temperature dependence can be described by an S=7/2 Brillouin function. - Graphical abstract: The near neighbor coordination of the strontium and europium atoms in SrAg{sub 1.12}Zn{sub 0.88}, EuAg{sub 1.17}Zn{sub 0.83}, and EuAuZn. - Highlights: • Synthesis of new intermetallic zinc compounds SrAgZn and EuAgZn. • Ferromagnetic ordering of EuAgZn at 29 K. • Magnetic hyperfine field splitting in the {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectrum.

  13. Building ties with China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, P.C. )

    1994-03-01

    During the past year, reforms in China have greatly expanded opportunities for foreign investors in the power sector. On January 11, 1993, Chinese Premier Li Peng announced that China would expand its use of foreign capital for power projects and welcomed foreign investment. This announcement comes as part of a rapid liberalization and restructuring of the Chinese economy as well as the growing need for electricity to sustain the country's galloping economic growth. By the year 2000, China plans to expand total capacity from 165,000 MW to 300,000 MW, requiring from 15,000 MW to 17,000 MW of new capacity additions each year. According to Cheng Li of the Department of International Cooperation at the Ministry of Electric Power - formerly the Ministry of Energy - China will only be able to finance about 75 percent of its development needs and is now looking to foreign investors to make up the remaining 25 percent. Some estimates suggest there could be as much as 70,000 MW open to outside firms, making China one of the world's largest emerging markets for private power development. The opportunities developing in China have generated growing interest in the United States. In the past ten months, trade missions to China and other activities have been organized to explore the opportunities and assess the competitiveness of US firms. Not surprisingly, the China market has also attracted considerable attention in Japan. To put recent US initiatives in perspective, it is instructive to compare these initiatives with those of Japan. Differences are apparent at both the level of the firm and the government, differences that may have important implications for whether US or Japanese firms are more successful in the years to come.

  14. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1992-12-31

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises` investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

  15. Pressure-enhanced superconductivity in Eu 3 Bi 2 S 4 F 4 (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Pressure-enhanced superconductivity in Eu 3 Bi 2 S 4 F 4 The pressure effect on the newly discovered charge-transferred BiS2-based superconductor, Eu3Bi2S4F4, with a Tc of ...

  16. Low-temperature solvothermal synthesis of EuS hollow microspheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, Yong; Wang, Hong; Li, Peng; Fu, Yao Xing, Mingming; Jiang, Tao; Luo, Xixian

    2014-09-15

    Graphical abstract: Synthesis of EuS hollow microspheres at low-temperature via solvothermal method for the first time. - Highlights: We adopt an improved method to synthesise the (Phen)Eu(Et{sub 2}CNS{sub 2}){sub 3} in deionized water. We have successfully synthesised the EuS hollow microsphere at 230 C in acetonitrile. The price of acetonitrile is more inexpensive, so the price of preparation was reduced. - Abstract: EuS crystals are synthesized by low-temperature solvothermal decomposition of the single source precursor complex (Phen)Eu(Et{sub 2}CNS{sub 2}){sub 3} in acetonitrile. X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, granulocyte diameter statistical analysis, surface energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis, and UVvis absorption spectroscopy are used to characterize the structure and properties of the obtained EuS crystals. The results show that the formed EuS crystals are uniform hollow microspheres with a typical cubic phase structure of rock salt and the average particle size of 2.01 ?m. The mechanisms for the thermal decomposition of the precursor complex and the formation of the EuS hollow microspheres are postulated based on the experimental observations and previous reports.

  17. Pollution Prevention Plan for the Y-12 Analytical Chemistry Organization Off-Site Union Valley Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, J. G.

    2010-03-01

    The Y-12 Analytical Chemistry Organization (ACO) Off-Site Union Valley Facility (Union Valley Facility) is managed by Babcock and Wilcox Technical Services Y-12, L.L.C. (B and W Y-12) through the Y-12 National Security Complex organization. Accordingly, the Y-12 Pollution Prevention Program encompasses the operations conducted at the Union Valley Facility. The Y-12 Program is designed to fully comply with state, federal and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) requirements concerning waste minimization/pollution prevention as documented in the Y-12 Pollution Prevention Program Plan. The Program is formulated to reduce the generation and toxicity of all Y-12 wastes in all media, including those wastes generated by the Union Valley Facility operations. All regulatory and DOE requirements are met by the Y-12 Program Plan.

  18. September 8, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Work Group Telecom ...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The following outlines the union WG lead and co-lead volunteers for each of the Work Groups: 10 CFR 851: Doug Stephens (USW) - Lead; Barb McCabe (IUOE) - Co-Lead Training: Pete ...

  19. Fuxin Union Wind Power Co Ltd formerly known as Liaoning Zhangwu...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power Co Ltd formerly known as Liaoning Zhangwu Xiehe Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Fuxin Union Wind Power Co Ltd (formerly known as Liaoning Zhangwu...

  20. In Charlotte, Senior DOE Official to Amplify State of the Union...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Give Drivers More Options at the Pump In Charlotte, Senior DOE Official to Amplify State of the Union, Call to Give Drivers More Options at the Pump February 5, 2014 - 12:30pm ...

  1. Growth and optical properties of partially transparent Eu doped CaF{sub 2} ceramic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghosh, Manoranjan Sen, Shashwati Pitale, S. S. Goutam, U. K. Shinde, Seema Patra, G. D. Gadkari, S. C.

    2014-04-24

    Partially transparent ceramic of 2 at.% Eu doped CaF{sub 2} have been grown preferentially towards [111] direction. For this purpose, Eu doped CaF{sub 2} nanoparticles (size?12 nm) obtained by a low temperature solution growth method has been pressed at 1000C under vacuum. The preferentially grown ceramic shows 15% transparency within the visible range of spectrum. As confirmed by the X-ray diffraction result, the hot pressed ceramic exhibits reduced lattice volume than the nanopowder. It indicates Eu{sup 3+} as the dominant substituting ions at the Ca{sup 2+} sites of CaF{sub 2} lattice in the hot pressed ceramic material. It is corroborated by the photoluminescence results of hot pressed ceramic which shows strong red emission corresponding to Eu{sup 3+} sites. However, photoluminescence of nanopowder exhibits intense peak in the blue region of the spectrum which is characteristics of Eu2+ sites.

  2. Retrofit of the Local 150 of International Union of Operating Engineers |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Retrofit of the Local 150 of International Union of Operating Engineers Retrofit of the Local 150 of International Union of Operating Engineers Project objectives: Demonstrate the reduced first cost impact of smart geothermal design and technology. Demonstrate smart geothermal innovations in system efficiency, especially in the building-earth interaction. Demonstrate an economical and repeatable approach to district, hybrid retrofit GHP systems.

  3. FIA-16-0036 - In the Matter of International Union of Operating Engineers,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Local 370 | Department of Energy 6 - In the Matter of International Union of Operating Engineers, Local 370 FIA-16-0036 - In the Matter of International Union of Operating Engineers, Local 370 On July 7, 2016, OHA issued a decision denying an Appeal from a FOIA determination issued by the Richland Operations Office (ROO). In its determination, the ROO released one document, a spreadsheet containing badge information for employees of a subcontractor at the Hanford Site. However, the ROO also

  4. November 17, 2009 HSS/Union Lead Checkpoint Meeting on Integrated Collaborative Oversight - Accomplishments Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    November 17, 2008 2009 Priority Activities Accomplishments/Path Forward Overview Training Assessments Accomplishments: * HSS (NTC)/NIEHS/Union Collaboration - Completed Safety Training Workshop for the Oak Ridge Office (ORO) and the Y-12 Site Office (YSO) in July, 2009 - Over 50 attendees participated including representatives from Federal, contractor and union organizations (local and international) - ORO/YSO Safety Training Workshop Report completed and provided to ORO/YSO management -

  5. May 19, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Meeting - Summary and Participants

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - Final Draft 07-11-11 HSS Focus Group May 19 Teleconference with Union Representatives Reconciliation of HSS/Union Work Groups MEETING DISCUSSION Glenn Podonsky, Chief Health, Safety and Security Officer - Opening Remarks: * DOE Administration's strategic goals are supported by continued focus on national prosperity and security through energy, environmental, nuclear and science and technology advancement solutions. * Melvin Williams is recently appointed in the new position of Associate Deputy

  6. President Bush Highlights Energy in the State of the Union Address |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Highlights Energy in the State of the Union Address President Bush Highlights Energy in the State of the Union Address February 3, 2005 - 10:01am Addthis "To keep our economy growing, we also need reliable supplies of affordable, environmentally responsible energy. Nearly four years ago, I submitted a comprehensive energy strategy that encourages conservation, alternative sources, a modernized electricity grid, and more production here at home -- including safe,

  7. April 30, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting to address training … Meeting Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    * * training. * area discussed. Center (NTC) National Training Center. * * * Conduct of Meeting. A 1. 2. 3. 4. HAMMER. HSS/UNION MEETING TO ADDRESS TRAINING DRAFT MEETING SUMMARY Introductory Remarks. Glenn Podonsky made the following points: More than a dialogue, the intent of HSS is to participate in a productive manner, to develop working relationships with the unions, to work the issues, identify actions, and institutionalize a process for addressing and resolving issues to improve worker

  8. April 30, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting, Training - Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -28-08 Draft HSS/Union Working Group Meeting April 30, 2008 1:00 - 3:00 pm EST FORS 7E-069 Call-in: 301-903-6495 SUBJECT: TRAINING Union Working Group Sheet Metal Workers International Association (SMWIA) - Lead Metal Trades Department AFL-CIO Building and Construction Trades Department Center for Construction Research & Training (BCTD CPWR) Operative Plasterers' & Cement Masons' International Association (OPCMIA) International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) International Guards

  9. July 17, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting, Safety Standards, 10 CFR 851 - Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6-24-08 Draft HSS/Union Working Group Meeting July 17, 2008 1:00 - 4:00 pm EST FORS 7E-069 Call-in: 301-903-9197 SUBJECT: SAFETY STANDARDS / 10 CFR 851 Core Union Working Groups Safety Standards: Metal Trades Department AFL-CIO - Lead International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) Operative Plasterers' & Cement Masons' International Association (OPCMIA) 10 CFR 851: United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International

  10. In Texas, Energy Sec. Moniz to Echo President's State of the Union Call

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to Foster Advanced Manufacturing and Innovation | Department of Energy Energy Sec. Moniz to Echo President's State of the Union Call to Foster Advanced Manufacturing and Innovation In Texas, Energy Sec. Moniz to Echo President's State of the Union Call to Foster Advanced Manufacturing and Innovation February 4, 2014 - 4:00pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - On Thursday, February 6, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz will travel to Austin and San Antonio, Texas to

  11. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. ); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi )

    1992-01-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industrics morc energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of cncrgy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Preparing this volume confronted us with a number of difficult issues. The most frustrating usually involved the different approaches to sectoral divisions taken in China and the US. For instance, fuel used by motor vehicles belonging to industrial enterprises is counted as industrial consumption in China; only fuel use by vehicles belonging to enterprises engaged primarily in transportation is countcd as transportation use. The estimated adjustment to count all fuel use by vehicles as transportation energy use is quite large, since a large fraction of motor vehicles belong to industrial enterprises. Similarly, Chinese industrial investment figures are skewed compared to those collected in the US because a large portion of enterprises' investment funds is directed towards providing housing and social services for workers and their families.

  12. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B. ); Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi )

    1992-11-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China's State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People's Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

  13. Enhanced stability of Eu in GaN nanoparticles: Effects of Si co-doping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaur, Prabhsharan; Sekhon, S. S.; Zavada, J. M.; Kumar, Vijay

    2015-06-14

    Ab initio calculations on Eu doped (GaN){sub n} (n = 12, 13, and 32) nanoparticles show that Eu doping in nanoparticles is favorable compared with bulk GaN as a large fraction of atoms lie on the surface where strain can be released compared with bulk where often Eu doping is associated with a N vacancy. Co-doping of Si further facilitates Eu doping as strain from an oversized Eu atom and an undersized Si atom is compensated. These results along with low symmetry sites in nanoparticles make them attractive for developing strongly luminescent nanomaterials. The atomic and electronic structures are discussed using generalized gradient approximation (GGA) for the exchange-correlation energy as well as GGA + U formalism. In all cases of Eu (Eu + Si) doping, the magnetic moments are localized on the Eu site with a large value of 6μ{sub B} (7μ{sub B}). Our results suggest that co-doping can be a very useful way to achieve rare-earth doping in different hosts for optoelectronic materials.

  14. China Energy Outlook

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    X I A O J I E X U C H A I R F E L L O W , W O R L D E N E R G Y C H I N A O U T L O O K I N S T I T U T E O F W O R L D E C O N O M I C S A N D P O L I T I C S , C H I N E S E A C A D E M Y O F S O C I A L S C I E N C E S China Energy Outlook 2020 2014-7-15 Washington DC World Energy China Outlook | Xiaojie Xu and Chen Tangsi | xuoffice@vip.sina.com 1 World Energy China Outlook 2014-2015 Annual interactive Energy Outlook Mid-year Updates IWEP Energy Chinese Academy of Social Sciences 2014-7-15

  15. Innovate in China, Innovate for China | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovate in China, Innovate for China Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Innovate in China, Innovate for China Xiangli Chen, Ph.D. 2015.06.05 15 years is nothing but a fleeting moment. I can still recall the day when a 10-member GE China technology team settled in Shanghai 15 years ago. Back then, we had an

  16. Sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent Ln2O3:Eu3+ (Y, La, Gd) nanocrystals

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Alammar, Tarek; Cybinska, Joanna; Campbell, Paul S.; Mudring, Anja -Verena

    2015-05-12

    In this study, sonication of Ln(CH3COO)3·H2O, Eu(CH3COO)3·H2O and NaOH dissolved in the ionic liquid-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonylamide lead to Ln(OH)3:Eu (Ln: Gd, La, Y) nanoparticles. Subsequent calcination at 800 °C for 3 h allowed to obtain Ln2O3:Eu nanopowders. Gd2O3 and Y2O3 were obtained in the C-type lanthanide sequioxide structure, whereas La2O3 crystallized in the A-type. Structure, morphology, and luminescent properties of the nano-oxides were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dispersive X-ray (EDX), and photoluminescence (PL). SEM studies revealed that the synthesized Gd2O3:Eu, La2O3:Eu, and Y2O3:Eu formed nano-spindle, -sheets, and -rods in shape, respectively. The nanoscale materials showmore »very efficient red emission due to the intraconfigurational f–f transitions of Eu3+. The quantum yields for Ln2O3:Eu (5%) were determined to be 4.2% for Ln=Gd, 13.8% for Ln=Y and 5.2% for Ln=La. The asymmetric ratio I02/I01 of Eu3+ varies from 5.3 for Gd2O3, to 5.6 for Y2O3 to 6.5 for La2O3, which increased the color chromaticity.« less

  17. Sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent Ln2O3:Eu3+ (Y, La, Gd) nanocrystals

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Alammar, Tarek; Cybinska, Joanna; Campbell, Paul S.; Mudring, Anja -Verena

    2015-05-12

    In this study, sonication of Ln(CH3COO)3·H2O, Eu(CH3COO)3·H2O and NaOH dissolved in the ionic liquid-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonylamide lead to Ln(OH)3:Eu (Ln: Gd, La, Y) nanoparticles. Subsequent calcination at 800 °C for 3 h allowed to obtain Ln2O3:Eu nanopowders. Gd2O3 and Y2O3 were obtained in the C-type lanthanide sequioxide structure, whereas La2O3 crystallized in the A-type. Structure, morphology, and luminescent properties of the nano-oxides were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dispersive X-ray (EDX), and photoluminescence (PL). SEM studies revealed that the synthesized Gd2O3:Eu, La2O3:Eu, and Y2O3:Eu formed nano-spindle, -sheets, and -rods in shape, respectively. The nanoscale materials showmore » very efficient red emission due to the intraconfigurational f–f transitions of Eu3+. The quantum yields for Ln2O3:Eu (5%) were determined to be 4.2% for Ln=Gd, 13.8% for Ln=Y and 5.2% for Ln=La. The asymmetric ratio I02/I01 of Eu3+ varies from 5.3 for Gd2O3, to 5.6 for Y2O3 to 6.5 for La2O3, which increased the color chromaticity.« less

  18. Nanoscale determinant to brighten up GaN:Eu red light-emitting diode: Local potential of Eu-defect complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishii, Masashi; Koizumi, Atsushi; Fujiwara, Yasufumi

    2015-04-21

    Emission sites in GaN:Eu red light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were investigated using a new spectroscopy technique, namely, site-selective pulse-driven emission spectroscopy (PDES). The PDES, in which the emission intensity of a pulse-driven LED is recorded with respect to the pulse frequency, revealed the charge-trapping dynamics of the Eu emission sites. We found that a determinant of the emission intensity of the sites was not their relative abundance, but rather the spatial extent of the local potential, which determines the effectiveness of the capture of injection charges. Minor sites with wider potentials enhanced the emission intensity of the LED, resulting in emission spectra that differ from those obtained using the photoluminescence of a GaN:Eu thin film. The potential curve is determined by the atomic structure of the complexes, which consist of a Eu dopant and nearby defects in the GaN host. The extent was characterized by a parameter, namely, cutoff frequency, and the emission sites with the wider and narrower potentials in the GaN:Eu LED were found to have cutoff frequencies of 400 kHz and 3 MHz, respectively. The cutoff frequency of 3 MHz was found to be the upper limit for emission sites in the LED. The emission site with the wider potential is useful for slower devices such as light fixtures, while the site with the narrower potential is useful for faster devices such as opto-isolators.

  19. Bilateral Agreements with China | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bilateral Agreements with China Bilateral Agreements with China Members of China's Shenhua Group visit FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Photo courtesy of NETL. Members of China's Shenhua Group visit FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Photo courtesy of NETL. Fossil Energy Protocol between the United States and China The U.S.-China Fossil Energy Protocol is intended to promote scientific and technological cooperation between the United States and China in the field of fossil

  20. China energy databook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Fridley, D.G.; Levine, M.D.

    1996-06-01

    The response to the first edition of the China Energy Databook was overwhelmingly positive, and has encouraged us to issue this revised, updated, and expanded edition. It has been a natural counterpart to the Energy Analysis Program`s continuing program of collaborative research with the Energy Research Institute. No other current reference volume dedicated to China`s energy system contains a similar variety and quality of material. We have revised some of the categories and data that appeared in the old volume. The adjustment for energy consumption in the transportation sector, for instance, has been slightly changed to include some fuel use in the commercial sector, which was previously left out. As another example, natural gas consumption statistics in the first edition greatly overstated electric utility use; we have rectified that error. Some tables have changed as statistical collection and reporting practices change in China. Figures on gross output value by sector stop with 1992, and economic output in subsequent years is covered by various measures of value-added, such as national income and gross domestic product.

  1. July 17, 2008; HSS/Union Working Group Meeting, Safety Standards, 10 CFR 851 … Meeting Summary

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    10 CFR 851 and DOE Safety Standards Implementation July 17, 2008 Integrated Executive Summary and Final Action List HSS and the labor unions who participated in the initial 2007 HSS Focus Group meetings agreed to a path forward in which various unions combined to form core working groups to address union identified health and safety issues by topical area. The following is an overview of actions/activities identified in the July 17 HSS/Union meeting to address 851 Rule and DOE Safety Standards

  2. Pressure-enhanced superconductivity in Eu 3 Bi 2 S 4 F 4 (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    The pressure effect on the newly discovered charge-transferred BiS2-based superconductor, Eu3Bi2S4F4, with a Tc of 1.5 K at ambient pressure, is investigated by transport and ...

  3. DeWind Inc formerly EU Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: DeWind Inc (formerly EU Energy Ltd) Place: Central Milton Keynes, United Kingdom Zip: MK9 1LH Sector: Wind energy Product: UK-based wind turbine...

  4. Blue-emitting AlN:Eu{sup 2+} nitride phosphor for field emission displays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirosaki, N.; Xie, R.-J.; Inoue, K.; Sekiguchi, T.; Dierre, B.; Tamura, K.

    2007-08-06

    An Eu{sup 2+}-activated AlN phosphor was synthesized by firing the powder mixture of AlN, {alpha}-Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, and Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} at 2050 deg. C for 4 h under 1.0 MPa N{sub 2}. This nitride phosphor emits a strong blue color with the chromaticity coordinates of x=0.139 and y=0.106 at an accelerating voltage of 3 kV. The cathodoluminescence properties of AlN:Eu{sup 2+} was evaluated by utilizing it in the Spindt-type field emission display panel. It shows that the nitride phosphor exhibits higher brightness, higher color purity, lower saturation, and longer lifetime than the currently used Y{sub 2}SiO{sub 5}:Ce{sup 3+}, indicative of the suitability of the AlN:Eu{sup 2+} blue phosphor in field emission displays.

  5. Modulated ferromagnetic ordering and the magnetocaloric response of Eu{sub 4}PdMg

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ryan, D. H. Legros, Anaëlle; Niehaus, Oliver; Pöttgen, Rainer; Cadogan, J. M.; Flacau, R.

    2015-05-07

    Neutron powder diffraction confirms that the primary ordering mode in Eu{sub 4}PdMg is ferromagnetic with a europium moment of 6.5(2) μ{sub B}. {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy shows that the unusual linear temperature dependence of the magnetisation reported for this system is an intrinsic property and not an artefact of the applied field. The form and temperature evolution of the {sup 151}Eu Mössbauer spectra strongly suggest that there is an incommensurate modulation to the magnetic structure that modifies the basic ferromagnetic order. This modulated structure may be the origin of the broad magnetocaloric response previously observed in Eu{sub 4}PdMg.

  6. U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    clean energy technology investments." Following the adoption of a joint strategy to fight soaring global illegal trade in counterfeit and pirate goods, U.S. and EU experts are...

  7. Establishment of data base of regional seismic recordings from earthquakes, chemical explosions and nuclear explosions in the Former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ermolenko, N.A.; Kopnichev, Yu.F.; Kunakov, V.G.; Kunakova, O.K.; Rakhmatullin, M.Kh.; Sokolova, I.N.; Vybornyy, Zh.I.

    1995-06-01

    In this report results of work on establishment of a data base of regional seismic recordings from earthquakes, chemical explosions and nuclear explosions in the former Soviet Union are described. This work was carried out in the Complex Seismological Expedition (CSE) of the Joint Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The recording system, methods of investigations and primary data processing are described in detail. The largest number of digital records was received by the permanent seismic station Talgar, situated in the northern Tien Shan, 20 km to the east of Almaty city. More than half of the records are seismograms of underground nuclear explosions and chemical explosions. The nuclear explosions were recorded mainly from the Semipalatinsk test site. In addition, records of the explosions from the Chinese test site Lop Nor and industrial nuclear explosions from the West Siberia region were obtained. Four records of strong chemical explosions were picked out (two of them have been produced at the Semipalatinsk test site and two -- in Uzbekistan). We also obtained 16 records of crustal earthquakes, mainly from the Altai region, close to the Semipalatinsk test site, and also from the West China region, close to the Lop Nor test site. In addition, a small number of records of earthquakes and underground nuclear explosions, received by arrays of temporary stations, that have been working in the southern Kazakhstan region are included in this report. Parameters of the digital seismograms and file structure are described. Possible directions of future work on the digitizing of unique data archive are discussed.

  8. Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment in two EU countries: A comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torretta, Vincenzo; Ragazzi, Marco; Istrate, Irina Aura; Rada, Elena Cristina

    2013-01-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review on data regarding WEEE management in Italy and in Romania. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Problems that countries that will enter in the EU will have to solve facing with the WEEE management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pilot experiences useful for the awareness campaign of the population. - Abstract: The paper presents some data regarding waste electrical and electronic (WEEE) management in one of the founding countries of the EU, Italy, and in a recent entry into the EU, Romania. The aim of this research was to analyze some problems that countries entering the EU will have to solve with respect to WEEE management. The experiences of Italy and Romania could provide an interesting reference point. The strengths and weaknesses that the two EU countries have encountered can be used in order to give a more rational plan for other countries. In Italy the increase of WEEE collection was achieved in parallel with the increase of the efficiency of selective Municipal Solid Waste collection. In Romania, pilot experiences were useful to increase the awareness of the population. The different interests of the two populations towards recyclable waste led to a different scenario: in Romania all types of WEEE have been collected since its entrance into the EU; in Italy the 'interest' in recycling is typically related to large household appliances, with a secondary role of lighting equipment.

  9. Eu(III) Complexes of Octadentate 1-Hydroxy-2-pyridinones: Stability and Improved Photophysical Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, Evan G.; D'Aleo, Anthony; Xu, Jide; Raymond, Kenneth N.

    2009-05-29

    The luminescence properties of lanthanoid ions can be dramatically enhanced by coupling them to antenna ligands that absorb light in the UV-visible and then efficiently transfer the energy to the lanthanoid centre. The synthesis and the complexation of Ln{sup III} cations (Ln = Eu, Gd) for a ligand based on four 1-hydroxy-2-pyridinone (1,2-HOPO) chelators appended to a ligand backbone derived by linking two L-lysine units (3LI-bis-LYS) is described. This octadentate Eu{sup III} complex ([Eu(3LI-bis-LYS-1,2-HOPO)]{sup -}) has been evaluated in terms of its thermodynamic stability, UV-visible absorption and luminescence properties. For this complex, the conditional stability constant (pM) is 19.9, which is an order of magnitude higher than diethylenetriaminepentacetic acid at pH = 7.4. This Eu{sup III} complex also shows an almost two-fold increase in its luminescence quantum yield in aqueous solution (pH = 7.4) when compared with other octadentate ligands. Hence, despite a slight decrease of the molar absorption coefficient, a much higher brightness is obtained for [Eu(3LI-bis-LYS-1,2-HOPO)]{sup -}. This overall improvement was achieved by saturating the coordination sphere of the Eu{sup III} cation, yielding an increased metal-centred efficiency by excluding solvent water molecules from the metal's inner sphere.

  10. The future of nuclear power and nuclear safety in the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, W.C.

    1993-03-01

    Although the international community is rightly concerned about the dangers of nuclear weapons proliferation in the former Soviet Union, the greatest nuclear threat emanating from that region has nothing to do with weapons. It stems, rather, from the deteriorating state of nuclear safety at the civilian nuclear power plants in Kazakhstan, Lithuanian, Russia, and Ukraine. This situation, caused by a combination of economic, political, and social factors, threatens to undermine the future of nuclear power in the former Soviet Union at the very time when the proponents of nuclear energy appear to be staging a remarkable comeback.

  11. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Union Mines Development Corp - NY 0-22

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Mines Development Corp - NY 0-22 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: UNION MINES DEVELOPMENT CORP. (NY.0-22) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Union Carbide NY.0-22-1 Location: New York , New York NY.0-22-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.0-22-1 Site Operations: The company owned uranium mines or reserves located in the western U.S. NY.0-22-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No reason to believe radioactive material was used at this site NY.0-22-1

  12. China`s macro economic trends and power industry structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Binsheng Li; Johnson, C.J.; Hagen, R.

    1994-09-01

    Since China adopted an open door policy in 1978, its economy has grown rapidly. Between 1980 and 1993, China`s real GNP growth averaged 9.4 percent per year. Economists at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences forecast that GNP will increase by 11.5 percent in 1994. During the rest of the decade, the Chinese government plans to reduce its annual GNP growth rate to 8-9 percent. During the 2001-2010 period, the economic growth rate is projected to decline to 6.5 percent per year. Table 1 compares China`s economic growth to other Asia-Pacific Economies, and includes projections to 2010. During the 1980s, China`s GDP growth rate was only second to that of South Korea. In the 1990`s, China is projected to have the highest economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region. China`s rapid economic growth is due to dramatic increases in the effective labor supply and effective capital stock. For the remainder of the 1990s, the effective labor supply should continue to increase rapidly because: (1) Chinese state enterprises are over-staffed and labor system reforms will move millions of these workers into more productive activities; (2) reforms in the wage system will provide increased incentives to work harder; (3) relaxation of migration controls from rural to urban areas will cause nominal labor in the industrial sector to accelerate; (4) differentials in personal income will increase and develop peer pressure on workers to work harder and earn more money; and (5) at China`s low personal income level, Chinese people are willing to trade leisure for more income as wages increase.

  13. Coal in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Minchener, A.J.

    2005-07-01

    The article gives an overview of the production and use of coal in China, for power generation and in other sectors. Coal use for power generation was 850 million tonnes in 2003 and 800 million tonnes in the non-power sector. The majority of power will continue to be produced from coal, with a trend towards new larger pulverised coal fired units and introduction of circulating fluidised bed combustors. Stricter regulations are forcing introduction of improved pollution control technologies. It seems likely that China will need international finance to supplement private and state investment to carry out a programme to develop and apply clean coal technologies. The author concludes that there is evidence of a market economy being established but there is a need to resolve inconsistencies with the planned aspects of the economy and that additional policies are needed in certain sectors to achieve sustainable development. 1 ref., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. Environmental protection in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, M. Univ. of Knoxville, TN )

    1990-01-01

    Environmental conditions in China are dramatically worse than those in the USA, but the Chinese are acting with commendable vigor in attempting to contain and ultimately reverse the damage. The Chinese have air, water and soil contamination, along with garbage and trash problems. They are also experiencing deforestation, desertification, soil erosion, destruction of wildlife habitat and wetlands, and the depletion of ground water. Attempts are being made to reduce the pollutants being produced, but economic factors weigh heavily against cleaning up current pollution.

  15. ZBB China JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: ZBB China JV Place: China Product: JV company formed in 2005 to sell ZBB(tm)s zincbromine batteries in China, Macau and Hong Kong,...

  16. China's energy outlook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, D.

    1991-03-01

    Economic reform in China has given a major boost to the development of China's energy industries. Demand for energy has risen steadily in response to the rapid expansion of the economy over the past ten years, while economic liberalization and deregulation have stimulated energy output as the energy industries found new sources of capital, labor, and investment opportunities. In the first half of 1980s, the coal, oil, and electric power industries all experienced accelerating rates of growth. After mid-decade, however, an overheating economy, rising inflation, and lower international oil prices had a serious impact on the vitality of the energy industries. At a time when energy demand was soaring, the state-owned energy industries faced a decline in the real value of their output, excessive debt, falling productivity, and sharply higher costs of production. These trends have continued into 1990 despite the economic slowdown engineered in late 1988 and, if left unmanaged, will constrain the ability of the domestic energy industries to meet the energy needs of China's modernization program. This in turn could lead to progressively higher imports of energy, particularly oil, and could limit the speed and scope of economic expansion in the 1990s and beyond. 2 figs., 18 tabs.

  17. Extreme Energy in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khanna, Nina; Fridley, David; Cai, Lixue

    2013-06-01

    Over the last decade, China has focused its policies simultaneously on moderating the rapid energy demand growth that has been driven by three decades of rapid economic growth and industrialization and on increasing its energy supply. In spite of these concerted efforts, however, China continues to face growing energy supply challenges, particularly with accelerating demand for oil and natural gas, both of which are now heavily dependent on imports. On the supply side, the recent 11th and 12th Five-Year Plans have emphasized accelerating conventional and nonconventional oil and gas exploration and development through pricing reforms, pipeline infrastructure expansions and 2015 production targets for shale gas and coal seam methane. This study will analyze China’s new and nonconventional oil and gas resources base, possible development paths and outlook, and the potential role for these nonconventional resources in meeting oil and gas demand. The nonconventional resources currently being considered by China and included in this study include: shale gas, coal seam methane (coal mine methane and coal bed methane), tight gas, in-situ coal gasification, tight oil and oil shale, and gas hydrates.

  18. Preparation, photoluminescent properties and luminescent dynamics of BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Wei; Hua, Ruinian; Liu, Tianqing; Zhao, Jun; Na, Liyan; Chen, Baojiu

    2014-12-15

    Graphical abstract: Rice-shaped BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors were synthesized via one-pot hydrothermal process. The as-prepared BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} are composed of many particles with an average diameter of 40 nm. When excited at 260 nm, the sharp line emission located at 361 nm of Eu{sup 2+} was observed. The optimum doping concentration of Eu{sup 2+} was confirmed to be 5 mol%. The strong ultraviolet emission of Eu{sup 2+} ions in BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanoparticles suggests that these nanoparticles may have potential applications for sensing, solid-state lasers and spectrometer calibration. - Highlights: • BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors were synthesized via a mild hydrothermal process. • The Van and Huang models were used to research the mechanism of concentration quenching. • The optimum doping concentration of Eu2+ was confirmed to be 5 mol%. - Abstract: Eu{sup 2+}-doped BaAlF{sub 5} nanophosphors were synthesized via a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The final products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. XRD results showed that the prepared samples are single-phase. The FE-SEM and TEM images indicated that the prepared BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors are composed of many rice-shaped particles with an average diameter of 40 nm. When excited at 260 nm, BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors exhibit the sharp line emissions of Eu{sup 2+} at room temperature. The optimum doping concentration of Eu{sup 2+} was confirmed to be 5 mol%. The Van and Huang models were used to study the mechanism of concentration quenching and the electric dipole–dipole interaction between Eu{sup 2+} can be deduced to be a dominant for quenching fluorescence in BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors. The strong ultraviolet emission of Eu{sup 2+} in BaAlF{sub 5}:Eu{sup 2+} nanophosphors suggests that

  19. Seismic facies analysis of lacustrine system: Paleocene upper Fort Union Formation, Wind River basin, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liro, L.M.; Pardus, Y.C.

    1989-03-01

    The authors interpreted seismic reflection data, supported by well control, to reconstruct the stratigraphic development of Paleocene Lake Waltman in the Wind River basin of Wyoming. After dividing the upper Fort Union into eight seismic sequences, the authors mapped seismic attributes (amplitude, continuity, and frequency) within each sequence. Interpretation of the variation in seismic attributes allowed them to detail delta development and encroachment into Lake Waltman during deposition of the upper Fort Union Formation. These deltas are interpreted as high-energy, well-differentiated lobate forms with distinct clinoform morphology on seismic data. Prograding delta-front facies are easily identified on seismic data as higher amplitude, continuous events within the clinoforms. Seismic data clearly demonstrate the time-Transgressive nature of this facies. Downdip of these clinoforms, homogeneous shales, as evidenced by low-amplitude, generally continuous seismic events, accumulated in an interpreted quiet, areally extensive lacustrine setting. Seismic definition of the lateral extent of this lacustrine facies is excellent, allowing them to effectively delineate changes in the lake morphology during deposition of the upper Fort Union Formation. Encasing the upper Fort Union lacustrine deposits are fluvial-alluvial deposits, interpreted from discontinuous, variable-amplitude seismic facies. The authors highlight the correlation of seismic facies data and interpretation to well log data in the Frenchie Draw field to emphasize the accuracy of depositional environment prediction from seismic data.

  20. China develops natural gas industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    An, Z.

    1982-09-06

    As of 1981, China was producing some 474.4 billion CF (12.74 billion m/sup 3/)/yr of natural gas from over 60 gas fields, 40 of them in Sichuan Province. The Sichuan gas lies in fractures and solution cavities in limestone and dolomite formations that generally require stimulation. After desulfurization, the gas is used by the steel and chemical industries and for residential heating. Recent discoveries in other areas of China include the Guxinzhuang field in the Bohai-North China basin, where geological conditions favor large gas pools, and the Sebei fields in Qaidam basin, northwest China.

  1. China Dialogue | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Dialogue Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Dialogue Place: United Kingdom Product: A non-profit organization aiming to broaden discussion on climate and energy issues,...

  2. Key China Energy Statistics 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lu, Hongyou; Fino-Chen, Cecilia

    2012-01-15

    The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) was established in 1988. Over the years the Group has gained recognition as an authoritative source of China energy statistics through the publication of its China Energy Databook (CED). In 2008 the Group published the Seventh Edition of the CED (http://china.lbl.gov/research/chinaenergy-databook). This handbook summarizes key statistics from the CED and is expressly modeled on the International Energy Agency’s “Key World Energy Statistics” series of publications. The handbook contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation, and consumption of all major energy sources.

  3. Key China Energy Statistics 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, Mark; Fridley, David; Lu, Hongyou; Fino-Chen, Cecilia

    2012-05-01

    The China Energy Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) was established in 1988. Over the years the Group has gained recognition as an authoritative source of China energy statistics through the publication of its China Energy Databook (CED). The Group has published seven editions to date of the CED (http://china.lbl.gov/research/chinaenergy-databook). This handbook summarizes key statistics from the CED and is expressly modeled on the International Energy Agency’s “Key World Energy Statistics” series of publications. The handbook contains timely, clearly-presented data on the supply, transformation, and consumption of all major energy sources.

  4. US-China clean energy report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    US-China clean energy report US-China clean energy report US-China clean energy report PDF icon US-China clean energy report More Documents & Publications FACT SHEET: U.S.-China...

  5. China Nuclear Engineering Construction Corporation CNEC | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nuclear Engineering Construction Corporation CNEC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Nuclear Engineering & Construction Corporation (CNEC) Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100840...

  6. China Wind Energy Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Energy Association Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Wind Energy Association Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100013 Sector: Wind energy Product: A...

  7. LBNL China Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    organizations, as well as with multilateral organizations working in China such as the IEA, World Bank, UN Development Program."1 "LBNL's China Energy Group can contribute to...

  8. China Building Design Consultants | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Building Design Consultants Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Building Design Consultants Place: Beijing Municipality, China Sector: Solar Product: Beijing-based architecture...

  9. China Enfi Enginnering Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Enfi Enginnering Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Enfi Enginnering Corporation Place: Beijing Municipality, China Product: Beijing-based engineering company....

  10. China Technology Development Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Technology Development Corporation Place: Tortola, China Zip: 310012 Sector: Renewable Energy, Solar Product: Chinese company...

  11. China Export Partners | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Export Partners Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Export Partners Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100027 Sector: Solar Product: A Beijing-based sourcing and...

  12. China Zhaodong Jianye Fuel | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zhaodong Jianye Fuel Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Zhaodong Jianye Fuel Place: Zhaodong, Heilongjiang Province, China Product: Zhao Dong Ye Fuel engages in the...

  13. Hebei, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hebei, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Hebei, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1808773 Coordinates 39, 116 Show Map Loading map......

  14. China s Green Beat | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: China's Green Beat Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100088 Product: The body create films and podcasts, with a view to promoting...

  15. China Shoto Plc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Shoto Plc Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Shoto Plc Place: Taizhou, Jiangsu Province, China Zip: 225526 Product: Taizhou-based manufacturer of rechargeable lead acid...

  16. China-NETL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NETL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name NETL-China Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization National Energy Technology Laboratory Partner China Sector Energy Topics...

  17. China 2050 Pathways Calculator | Open Energy Information

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    2050 Pathways Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: China 2050 Pathways Calculator AgencyCompany Organization: China's Energy Research Institute...

  18. China Hydroelectric Corp | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Hydroelectric Corp Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100010 Sector: Hydro Product: Engaged in the acquisition of small...

  19. China Carbon Finance | Open Energy Information

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    Finance Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Carbon Finance Place: Auburn, Washington State Zip: 98002 Product: Project developer focused on CDM projects in China References:...

  20. China Guodian Corporation | Open Energy Information

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    Guodian Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Guodian Corporation Place: China Coordinates: 35.86166, 104.195397 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapping...

  1. Climate research in the former Soviet Union. FASAC: Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center technical assessment report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.; Ellsaesser, H.W.; Harshvardhan; Hoffert, M.I.; Randall, D.A.

    1993-09-01

    This report assesses the state of the art in several areas of climate research in the former Soviet Union. This assessment was performed by a group of six internationally recognized US experts in related fields. The areas chosen for review are: large-scale circulation processes in the atmosphere and oceans; atmospheric radiative processes; cloud formation processes; climate effects of natural atmospheric disturbances; and the carbon cycle, paleoclimates, and general circulation model validation. The study found an active research community in each of the above areas. Overall, the quality of climate research in the former Soviet Union is mixed, although the best Soviet work is as good as the best corresponding work in the West. The best Soviet efforts have principally been in theoretical studies or data analysis. However, an apparent lack of access to modern computing facilities has severely hampered the Soviet research. Most of the issues considered in the Soviet literature are known, and have been discussed in the Western literature, although some extraordinary research in paleoclimatology was noted. Little unusual and exceptionally creative material was found in the other areas during the study period (1985 through 1992). Scientists in the former Soviet Union have closely followed the Western literature and technology. Given their strengths in theoretical and analytical methods, as well as their possession of simplified versions of detailed computer models being used in the West, researchers in the former Soviet Union have the potential to make significant contributions if supercomputers, workstations, and software become available. However, given the current state of the economy in the former Soviet Union, it is not clear that the computer gap will be bridged in the foreseeable future.

  2. Synthesis, Structure, and Spectroscopy of Epitaxial EuFeO3 Thin Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choquette, Amber K.; Colby, Robert J.; Moon, E. J.; Schleputz, C. M.; Scafetta, Mark D.; Keavney, David J.; May, Steven J.

    2015-03-04

    Rare earth iron perovskites RFeO3, where R is a rare earth cation, exhibit an array of magnetic, catalytic, optical and electrochemical properties. Here we study EuFeO3 films synthesized by molecular beam epitaxy in order to better understand the optical properties of ferrites. A combination of x-ray diffraction, x-ray reflectivity, Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy, and scanning transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the film structure and cation composition. X-ray absorption spectroscopy confirms the nominal 3+ valence states of Eu and Fe. The optical properties of EuFeO3 were investigated using variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry between the phonon energies of 1.25 to 5 eV. We find that EuFeO3 is a semiconductor with an onset of optical absorption near 2.5 eV. The absorption spectrum of EuFeO3 is blue-shifted with respect to LaFeO3 films, a result that is attributed to the structural differences of the two materials.

  3. Properties of molecular beam epitaxy grown Eu{sub x}(transition metal){sub y} films (transition metals: Mn, Cr)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balin, K.; Nowak, A.; Gibaud, A.; Szade, J.; Celinski, Z.

    2011-04-01

    The electronic and crystallographic structures, as well as the magnetic properties, of Eu{sub x}(transition metal){sub y} (transition metals: Mn, Cr) thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy were studied. Relative changes of the Eu/Mn and Eu/Cr ratios derived from the XPS lines, as well as x-ray reflectivity, indicate mixing of the Eu/Mn and Eu/Cr layers. Valency transitions from Eu{sup 2+} to Eu{sup 3+} were observed in both systems for most studied stoichiometries. A transition to a magnetically ordered phase was observed at 15 K, 40 K, and 62 K for selected films in the Eu-Mn system, and at 50 K for the film with a Eu/Cr ratio of 0.5.

  4. Secretary Chu to Visit Houston to Highlight Obama’s State of the Union Address, Discuss “All of the Above” Energy Strategy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Chu to Visit Major Industrial Efficiency Project, Host State of the Union Town Hall at Houston Community College

  5. {sup 151}Eu-Moessbauer spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction study on Eu {sub y}M{sub 1-y}O{sub 2-x} (0 {<=} y {<=} 1.0) (M = Th, U)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masaki, Nobuyuki M. . E-mail: masaki@analchem.tokai.jaeri.go.jp; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Nakamura, Akio; Harada, Daijitsu; Hinatsu, Yukio

    2005-04-20

    {sup 151}Eu-Moessbauer spectroscopic and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) study has been performed for the Eu {sub y}M{sub 1-y}O{sub 2-x} (M = Th and U) systems over the entire composition range of 0 {<=} y {<=} 1.0. The XRD results of the Eu-Th system showed that a very wide defect-fluorite (DF) type phase in which oxygen vacancies (V {sub O}) are disordered (x = y/2) is formed for 0 {<=} y < 0.5 and that two-phase regions sandwitching a narrow C-type (C) single phase around y {approx} 0.8 appear for 0.5 < y < 0.8 (DF + C) and 0.82 < y < 1.0 (C + B-type (monoclinic) Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3}). The Moessbauer results show that the isomer shifts (ISs) of Eu{sup 3+} in this system smoothly increase with Eu composition, y. The decrease of average coordination number (CN) of O{sup 2-} around Eu{sup 3+} with increasing y (CN = 8 - 2y) (x = y/2) results in the decrease of the average Eu-O bond length, which is due to the decrease of repulsion force between O{sup 2-} anions. This result confirms that the IS of Eu{sup 3+} correlates well with the average Eu-O bond length in oxide systems. For the Eu-U system, the lattice parameter, a {sub 0}, of the system decreases almost linearly with y, in accordance with the calculated a {sub 0} versus y curve for the oxygen-stoichiometric (i.e. x = 0) fluorite-type dioxide (CN = 8). The ISs of Eu{sup 3+} in this composition range remain almost constant around 0.5 mm/s, which is comparable to those of pyrochlore oxides (Eu{sub 2}Zr{sub 2}O{sub 7} and Eu{sub 2}Hf{sub 2}O{sub 7} (y = 0.5)) with O{sup 2-}-eight-fold coordinated Eu{sup 3+}(CN = 8)

  6. Optical properties of Eu{sup 2+} doped antipervoskite fluoride single crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, D. Joseph; Ramasamy, P.; Nithya, R.; Madhusoodanan, U.

    2013-02-05

    Single crystals of pure and Eu{sup 2+} doped LiBaF{sub 3} have been grown from melt by using a vertical Bridgman-Stockbarger method. Absorption and luminescence spectra for pure and rare-earth-doped LiBaF{sub 3} were studied. At ambient conditions the photoluminescence spectra consisted of sharp lines peaked at {approx}359 nm attributed to the {sup 6}P7/2{yields}{sup 8}S7/2 transitions in the 4f{sub 7} electronic configuration of Eu{sup 2+} and a broad band extending between 370 and 450 nm attributed to Eu{sup 2+} trapped exciton recombination. The effect of {sup 60}Co gamma irradiation has also been investigated.

  7. Hetero-epitaxial EuO interfaces studied by analytic electron microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mundy, Julia A.; Hodash, Daniel; Melville, Alexander; Held, Rainer; Mairoser, Thomas; Schmehl, Andreas; Muller, David A.; Kourkoutis, Lena F.; Schlom, Darrell G.

    2014-03-03

    With nearly complete spin polarization, the ferromagnetic semiconductor europium monoxide could enable next-generation spintronic devices by providing efficient ohmic spin injection into silicon. Spin injection is greatly affected by the quality of the interface between the injector and silicon. Here, we use atomic-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy in conjunction with electron energy loss spectroscopy to directly image and chemically characterize a series of EuO|Si and EuO|YAlO{sub 3} interfaces fabricated using different growth conditions. We identify the presence of europium silicides and regions of disorder at the EuO|Si interfaces, imperfections that could significantly reduce spin injection efficiencies via spin-flip scattering.

  8. Resonant energy transfer between Eu luminescent sites and their local geometry in GaN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Timmerman, Dolf; Wakamatsu, Ryuta; Tanaka, Kazuteru; Lee, Dong-gun; Koizumi, Atsushi; Fujiwara, Yasufumi

    2015-10-12

    Eu-doped GaN is a solid state material with promising features for quantum manipulation. In this study, we investigate the population dynamics of Eu in ions in this system by resonant excitation. From differences in the emission related to transitions between the {sup 5}D{sub 0} and {sup 7}F{sub 2} manifold in the Eu ions, we can distinguish different luminescence sites and observe that a resonant energy transfer takes place between two of these sites which are in proximity of each other. The time constants related to this energy transfer are on the order of 100 μs. By using different substrates, the energy transfer efficiency could be strongly altered, and it is demonstrated that the coupling between ions has an out-of-plane character. Based on these results, a microscopic model of this combined center is presented.

  9. A first principles investigation of ferromagnetic EuFe{sub 4}As{sub 12}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shankar, A. Sandeep,; Thapa, R. K.; Rai, D. P.; Maibam, J.

    2015-05-15

    Density functional theory (DFT) based calculations of electronic and magnetic properties of filled skutterudites EuFe{sub 4}As{sub 12} have been performed using FP-LAPW method within the framework of the LSDA approach. The rare-earth filled skutterudites have attracted much attention because of the presence of the highly localized f-electrons and d- electrons of rare-earth and transition metal respectively, with high density of states near Fermi level. The calculation performed near the Fermi level of density of states shows the compound to be suitable for thermoelectric application. The exchange-splitting of Eu-4f states were analysed to explain the ferromagnetic behaviour of EuFe{sub 4}As{sub 12} with magnetic moment value 5.18 ?{sub B}.

  10. Eu-doped α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles with modified magnetic properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freyria, Francesca Stefania; Barrera, Gabriele; Tiberto, Paola; Belluso, Elena; Levy, Davide; Saracco, Guido; Allia, Paolo; Garrone, Edoardo; Bonelli, Barbara

    2013-05-15

    Eu-doping of hematite (α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) nanoparticles (NPs) takes place under hydrothermal conditions, and does not at ambient temperature and pressure. Required circumstances have been studied in detail. In the presence of Eu, besides hematite, some goethite and ferrihydrite are formed. Evidence for the occurrence of doping is reported. Chemical composition, as studied by EDS (bulk) and XPS (surface), reveals an enrichment of Eu at NPs core, ascribed to the occurrence of a two-step mechanism of NP formation, comprising nucleation at first, in which Eu{sup 3+} ions compete with Fe{sup 3+} ions, notwithstanding the large difference in concentration, and a successive growth step of NPs in a solution comparatively richer in Fe{sup 3+} species. The Eu content affects: (i) the morphology of NPs, as shown by TEM and FE-SEM; (ii) lattice parameters, as obtained by Rietveld refinement of XRD patterns; (iii) magnetic properties, due to the presence of Eu{sup 3+} ions, characterized by a higher one-ion anisotropy and a lower magnetic moment with respect to iron cations. - Graphical abstract: Eu-doped α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} NPs are obtained by forced hydrolysis under hydrothermal conditions: changes are observed in NPs morphology, lattice parameters and magnetic properties. - Highlights: • Eu-doped hematite NPs were prepared by forced hydrolysis. • Eu ions affect NPs morphology and lattice parameters. • Eu ions affect the magnetic properties of hematite NPs. • Doped NPs have a Eu-richer core.

  11. Environmental issues in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Travis, P.S.

    1991-10-01

    Global concern about the environment is increasing, and the People's Republic of China (PRC) is not immune from such concerns. The Chinese face issues similar to those of many other developing nations. The US Department of Energy is particularly interested in national and world pollution issues, especially those that may infringe on other countries' economic growth and development. The DOE is also interested in any opportunities that might exist for US technical assistance and equipment in combating environmental problems. Our studies of articles in the China Daily, and English-language daily newspaper published by the Chinese government, show that population, pollution, and energy are major concerns of the Chinese Communist Party. Thus this report emphasizes the official Chinese government view. Supporting data were also obtained from other sources. Regardless of the severity of their various environmental problems, the Chinese will only try to remedy those problems with the greatest negative effects on its developing economy. They will be looking for foreign assistance, financial and informational, to help implement solutions. With the Chinese government seeking assistance, the United States has an opportunity to export basic technical information, especially in the areas of pollution control and monitoring, oil exploration methods, oil drilling technology, water and sewage treatment procedures, hazardous waste and nuclear waste handling techniques, and nuclear power plant safety procedures. In those areas the US has expertise and extensive technical experience, and by exporting the technologies the US would benefit both economically and politically. 59 refs., 3 figs.

  12. DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement (109.75 KB) More Documents & Publications DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements US-China Clean Energy Cooperation

  13. From the ternary Eu(Au/In)2 and EuAu4(Au/In)2 with remarkable Au/In distributions to a new structure type: The gold-rich Eu5Au16(Au/In)6 structure

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Steinberg, Simon; Card, Nathan; Mudring, Anja -Verena

    2015-08-13

    The ternary Eu(Au/In)2 (EuAu0.46In1.54(2)) (I), EuAu4(Au/In)2 (EuAu4+xIn2–x with x = 0.75(2) (II), 0.93(2), and 1.03(2)), and Eu5Au16(Au/In)6 (Eu5Au17.29In4.71(3)) (III) have been synthesized, and their structures were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. I and II crystallize with the CeCu2-type (Pearson Symbol oI12; Imma; Z = 4; a = 4.9018(4) Å; b = 7.8237(5) Å; c = 8.4457(5) Å) and the YbAl4Mo2-type (tI14; I4/mmm; Z = 2; a = 7.1612(7) Å; c = 5.5268(7) Å) and exhibit significant Au/In disorder. I is composed of an Au/In-mixed diamond-related host lattice encapsulating Eu atoms, while the structure of II features ribbons of distorted, squaredmore » Au8 prisms enclosing Eu, Au, and In atoms. Combination of these structural motifs leads to a new structure type as observed for Eu5Au16(Au/In)6 (Eu5Au17.29In4.71(3)) (oS108; Cmcm; Z = 4; a = 7.2283(4) Å; b = 9.0499(6) Å; c = 34.619(2) Å), which formally represents a one-dimensional intergrowth of the series EuAu2–“EuAu4In2”. The site preferences of the disordered Au/In positions in II were investigated for different hypothetical “EuAu4(Au/In)2” models using the projector-augmented wave method and indicate that these structures attempt to optimize the frequencies of the heteroatomic Au–In contacts. Furthermore, a chemical bonding analysis on two “EuAu5In” and “EuAu4In2” models employed the TB-LMTO-ASA method and reveals that the subtle interplay between the local atomic environments and the bond energies determines the structural and site preferences for these systems.« less

  14. Large oil resource awaits exploitation in former Soviet Union's Muslim republics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riva, J.P. Jr. )

    1993-01-04

    Throughout the dramatic breakup of the Soviet Union, most of the attention was focused on the Russian federation. This paper reports that less notice was paid to the republics of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kirghizia, and Tadzhikistan that are located along the Soviet southern fringe. This region was known as the Northern Tier (of the Middle East) when the six republics were forcibly incorporated into the Soviet Union by the Red Army after the revolution. The Russians were considered colonial rulers by the inhabitants of these Muslim states, whereas the Azeris, Turkmen, Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Tajiks, Kyrgyzs, etc., were often regarded as backward by the Russians and given little autonomy. The Soviets, while proclaiming their efforts to improve public health and protect nature, relentlessly degraded both.

  15. November 17, 2009 HSS/Union Lead Checkpoint Meeting - Integrated Collaborative Oversight Concept

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Collaborative Oversight (ICO) Concept Evolution - Emerged from Insights HSS Gained through: * Laboratory Sustainability Pilot Studies * Visiting Speaker Program * Union Focus Group Meetings ICO Concept Overview * Goals - Transition DOE into a better balance between oversight and reliable mission execution as a first step toward 21 st century governance - Maintain the health, safety, and security of DOE site workers and facilities - Create a highly competent process through inclusion *

  16. November 17, 2009 HSS/Union Lead Checkpoint Meeting on Integrated Collaborative Oversight - Agenda

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    10:30 - 11:30 pm EST FORS 7E-069 Union Leads: Ron Ault.................. ............... AFL-CIO Metal Trades Department Pete Stafford................................Building and Construction Trades Department Center for Construction Research & Training (BCTD CPWR) Chico McGill/Dennis Phelps...........International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers [IBEW] Tommy Fuller............................Sheet Metal Workers International Association [SMWIA] James Frederick/Doug Stephens........United

  17. May 19, 2011, HSS/Union Focus Group Meeting - Draft Work Group Matrix

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    06-22-11) WORK GROUPS HSS/ Union/ Stakeholder Leads Work Group Participants Improvement Issues/Goals Initial/Current Tasks Outputs 10 CFR 851 Pat Worthington CPWR USW Collectively work to ensure implementation of health and safety programs (851 Rule) within and among DOE site contractors to eliminate/minimize inconsistent requirements among M&I, M&O, LLC and SBA contractors/subcontractors. - Identify leads and participants - Develop charter - Goals/ Intended Output - Develop Task

  18. Short-Term Energy Tests of a Credit Union Building in Idaho (Draft)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subbarao, K.; Balcomb, J. D.

    1993-01-01

    This report describes tests and results of the energy performance of a credit union building in Idaho. The building is in the Energy Edge Program administered by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). BPA provided incentives to incorporate innovative features designed to conserve energy use by the building. It is of interest to determine the actual performance of these features. The objective of this project was to evaluate the applicability of the SERI short-term energy monitoring (STEM) method to nonresidential buildings.

  19. SF6432-NI Fixed Price Contracts with the Newly Independent States of the Former Soviet Union

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department Release Date: 11/17/15 Page 1 of 15 Printed copies of this document are uncontrolled. Retrieve latest version electronically. SANDIA CORPORATION SF 6432-NI (11/2015) SECTION II STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR FIXED PRICE CONTRACTS WITH THE NEWLY INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION THE FOLLOWING CLAUSES APPLY TO REQUESTS FOR QUOTATION AND CONTRACTS AS INDICATED UNLESS SPECIFICALLY DELETED, OR EXCEPT TO THE EXTENT THEY ARE SPECIFICALLY SUPPLEMENTED OR AMENDED IN WRITING IN

  20. Visit us at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting, Booth#1211 |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dec 14-18th us at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting, Booth#1211 | Dec 14-18th - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization

  1. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Union Carbide and Carbon Co - TN 10

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Carbide and Carbon Co - TN 10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Union Carbide and Carbon Co (TN.10) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: This site is one of a group of 5 FUSRAP considered sites for which records are available that provide a reasonably complete historical account of their operations and relationship, if any, with MED/AEC

  2. Host absorption sensitizing and energy transfer to Eu³⁺ by Gd³⁺ in Ba₆Gd{sub 2–x}Na₂Eu{sub x}(PO₄)₆F₂

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie, Mubiao; Liang, Hongbin; Huang, Yan; Gao, Zhenhua; Tao, Ye

    2013-05-01

    Eu³⁺ activated fluoro-apatite phosphors Ba₆Gd{sub 2–x}Na₂Eu{sub x}(PO₄)₆F₂ were synthesized using the traditional high temperature solid state reaction method, and their VUV–vis spectroscopic properties of Eu³⁺ were studied. The results show that phosphor Ba₆Gd₁.₉₀Na₂Eu₀.₁₀(PO₄)₆F₂ has intense absorption in the VUV range because of Gd³⁺ ions as sensitizers. The energy transfer process from Gd³⁺ to Eu³⁺ in Ba₆Gd{sub 2-x}Na₂Eu{sub x}(PO₄)₆F₂ were investigated and discussed in terms of luminescence spectra and decay curves, showing that the energy transfer of Gd³⁺→Eu³⁺ is efficient. - Graphical abstract: The Gd³⁺ ions can enhance the host-related absorption in VUV range. The energy transfer from Gd³⁺ to Eu³⁺ ions is efficient. Highlights: • The Gd³⁺ ions play an important role in enhancing the host-related absorption in VUV range. • The charge-transfer energy of Eu³⁺ decreases from Ca²⁺ to Sr²⁺ and Ba²⁺ in M₆Gd₁.₉₀Na₂Eu₀.₁₀(PO₄)₆F₂ (M=Ca, Sr, Ba). • There is efficient energy transfer from Gd³⁺ to Eu³⁺ in Ba₆Gd{sub 2–x}Na₂Eu{sub x}(PO₄)₆F₂.

  3. NNSA, China Sign Agreement to Prevent Nuclear Smuggling | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    NNSA, China Sign Agreement to Prevent Nuclear Smuggling August 15, 2013 WASHINGTON, D.C. - ... of China's General Administration of China Customs (GACC) to renew cooperative ...

  4. China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Guangdong Nuclear Solar Energy Co Ltd Place: China Sector: Solar Product: China Guangdong Nuclear's division on solar...

  5. China-Climate Change Research Center | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China-Climate Change Research Center (Redirected from ClimateWorks-China Climate Change Research Center) Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Climate Change Research Center...

  6. Promotion of Rural Renewable Energy in Western China | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy in Western China Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100026 Sector: Bioenergy Product: A programme launched by China Association of Rural Energy Industry (CAREI)...

  7. Vestas Wind Technology China Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Vestas Wind Technology China Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Vestas Wind Technology (China) Co Ltd Place: Tianjin Municipality, China Zip: 300462 Sector: Wind energy...

  8. Khazanah Nasional Berhad Beijing China Sciences General Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Khazanah Nasional Berhad Beijing China Sciences General Energy JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: Khazanah Nasional Berhad & Beijing China Sciences General Energy JV Place: China...

  9. Solar Power China Corporation Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporation Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Solar Power China Corporation Ltd Place: China Sector: Solar Product: China-focused PV project developer, acting as a joint...

  10. China Lucky Film Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lucky Film Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Lucky Film Co Ltd Place: Baoding, Hebei Province, China Zip: 71054 Sector: Solar Product: China's photosensitive materials...

  11. China Xining New Energy Development | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Energy Development Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Xining New Energy Development Place: Ningxia Autonomous Region, China Product: China-based company that manufactures...

  12. China Shaanxi Yulin Huayang New Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Shaanxi Yulin Huayang New Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Shaanxi Yulin Huayang New Energy Place: Yulin, Shaanxi Province, China Sector: Solar Product: China-based...

  13. Great China New Energy Technology Services Co Ltd GCNETS | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Energy Technology Services Co Ltd GCNETS Jump to: navigation, search Name: Great China New Energy Technology Services Co Ltd (GCNETS) Place: China Product: China-based...

  14. Chengda Engineering Corporation of China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chengda Engineering Corporation of China Jump to: navigation, search Name: Chengda Engineering Corporation of China Place: Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China Zip: 610041 Product: A...

  15. China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation COEGC | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation COEGC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Ordnance Equipment Group Corporation (COEGC) Place: Beijing Municipality, China Sector:...

  16. China's National Climate Change Programme | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China's National Climate Change Programme Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: China's National Climate Change Programme AgencyCompany Organization: China...

  17. In Charlotte, Senior DOE Official to Amplify State of the Union, Call to Give Drivers More Options at the Pump

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Dr. David Danielson will join officials from NASCAR and Sprint Corp. in Charlotte, N.C., to highlight the President’s State of the Union address

  18. Marriage or Civil Unions for Single Cells and Metagenomics (Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop: 10K Genomes at a Time)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rusch, Doug [J. Craig Venter Institute

    2013-01-22

    JCVI's Doug Rusch on "Marriage or Civil Unions for Single Cells and Metagenomes" at the Metagenomics Informatics Challenges Workshop held at the DOE JGI on October 12-13, 2011.

  19. Nuclear forward scattering vs. conventional Mossbauer studies of atomically tailored Eu-based materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konjhodzic, A.; Adamczyk, A.; Hasan, Z.; Alp, E. E.; Sturhahn, W.; Zhao, J.; Carroll, J. J.; Vagizov, F.; Univ. of Philadelphia; Youngstown State Univ.

    2006-01-01

    With the decrease in size of devices, rapid characterization of nano-devices is an inevitable necessity. It is shown that Moessbauer spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation from the advanced photon source provides such a tool of investigation. Results are presented and compared for conventional Moessbauer and Nuclear Forward Scattering for {sup 151}Eu-doped magnesium sulfide as an example, especially at low concentrations.

  20. Influence of high magnetic field on the luminescence of Eu{sup 3+}-doped glass ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, Wei; Chen, Weibo; Chen, Ping; Xu, Beibei; Zheng, Shuhong; Guo, Qiangbing; Liu, Xiaofeng E-mail: qjr@zju.edu.cn; Zhang, Junpei; Han, Junbo; Qiu, Jianrong E-mail: qjr@zju.edu.cn

    2014-09-28

    Rare earth (RE) doped materials have been widely exploited as the intriguing electronic configuration of RE ions offers diverse functionalities from optics to magnetism. However, the coupling of magnetism with photoluminescence (PL) in such materials has been rarely reported in spite of its fundamental significance. In the present paper, the effect of high pulsed magnetic field on the photoluminescence intensity of Eu{sup 3+}-doped nano-glass-ceramics has been investigated. In our experiment, Eu-doped oxyfluoride glass and glass ceramic were prepared by the conventional melt-quenching process and controlled heat treatment. The results demonstrate that the integrated PL intensity of Eu{sup 3+} decreases with the enhancement of magnetic field, which can be interpreted in terms of cooperation effect of Zeeman splitting and magnetic field induced change in site symmetry. Furthermore, as a result of Zeeman splitting, both blue and red shift in the emission peaks of Eu{sup 3+} can be observed, and this effect becomes more prominent with the increase of magnetic field. Possible mechanisms associated with the observed magneto-optical behaviors are suggested. The results of the present paper may open a new gate for modulation of luminescence by magnetic field and remote optical detection of magnetic field.

  1. What's needed next to refine the EU directive on cogeneration regulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verbruggen, Aviel

    2007-03-15

    Efforts to develop a more precise definition and measurement of cogenerated electricity than those contained in the European Union's 2004 Directive have made real progress, but additional improvements are needed to yield a better-founded, more transparent methodology. The author offers suggestions on how to complete this important job. (author)

  2. 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum Opens in Chongqing, China |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum Opens in Chongqing, China 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum Opens in Chongqing, China September 17, 2015 - 9:17am Addthis 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum Opens in Chongqing, China This morning, Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Chris Smith, along with Zhang Yuqing, Deputy Administrator of China's National Energy Administration (NEA), opened the 15th US-China Oil and Gas Industry Forum (OGIF) in Chongqing,

  3. China Energy Databook. Revision 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J. E.; Fridley, D. G.; Levine, M. D.; Yang, F.; Zhenping, J.; Xing, Z.; Kejun, J.; Xiaofeng, L.

    1996-09-01

    The Energy Analysis Program at LBL first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and energy demand held in Nanjing Nov. 1988. EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute of China`s State Planning Commission. It was decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. Primary interest was to use the data to help understand the historical evolution and likely future of the Chinese energy system; thus the primary criterion was to relate the data to the structure of energy supply and demand in the past and to indicate probable developments (eg, as indicated by patterns of investment). Caveats are included in forewords to both the 1992 and 1996 editions. A chapter on energy prices is included in the 1996 edition. 1993 energy consumption data are not included since there was a major disruption in energy statistical collection in China that year.

  4. Magnetic and structural properties of yellow europium oxide compound and Eu(OH){sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Dongwook; Seo, Jiwon; Valladares, Luis de los Santos; Avalos Quispe, O.; Barnes, Crispin H.W.

    2015-08-15

    A new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound was prepared from europium oxide in a high vacuum environment. The structural and magnetic properties of the material were investigated. Owing to the absence of a crystal structure, the material exhibited a disordered magnetic behavior. In a reaction with deionized (DI) water without applied heat, the compound assumed a white color as soon as the DI water reached the powder, and the structure became polycrystalline Eu(OH){sub 3}. The magnetic properties, such as the thermal hysteresis, disappeared after the reaction with DI water, and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened. The magnetic properties of Eu(OH){sub 3} were also examined. Although Eu{sup 3+} is present in Eu(OH){sub 3}, a high magnetic moment due to the crystal field effect was observed. - Graphical abstract: (top left) Optical image of the yellow europium oxide compound. (top right) Optical image of the product of DI water and yellow europium oxide. (bottom) Magnetization curves as a function of temperature measured in various magnetic field. - Highlights: • We prepared a new material based on a yellow europium oxide compound from europium oxide. • We characterized the magnetic properties of the material which exhibits a disordered magnetic behavior such as thermal hysteresis. • The compound turned white (Eu(OH){sub 3}) as soon as the DI water reached the powder. • The thermal hysteresis disappeared after the reaction with DI water and the magnetic susceptibility of the yellow oxide compound weakened.

  5. Renewable energy development in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Junfeng, Li

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the resources availability, technologies development and their costs of renewable energies in China and introduces the programs of renewable energies technologies development and their adaptation for rural economic development in China. As the conclusion of this paper, renewable energies technologies are suitable for some rural areas, especially in the remote areas for both household energy and business activities energy demand. The paper looks at issues involving hydropower, wind energy, biomass combustion, geothermal energy, and solar energy.

  6. China energy databook. 1992 Edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Feng Liu; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1992-11-01

    The Energy Analysis Program (EAP) at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first becamc involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues-we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US.

  7. US-China Clean Energy Cooperation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    US-China Clean Energy Cooperation US-China Clean Energy Cooperation US-China Clean Energy Cooperation PDF icon US-China Clean Energy Cooperation More Documents & Publications FACT...

  8. China Lao Gaixian Wind L P | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lao Gaixian Wind L P Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Lao Gaixian Wind L.P. Place: China Sector: Wind energy Product: China-based wind farm developer. References: China Lao...

  9. Total China Investment Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Investment Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Total (China) Investment Co. Ltd. Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100004 Product: Total has been present in China for about 30...

  10. PetroSun Biofuels China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PetroSun Biofuels China Jump to: navigation, search Name: PetroSun Biofuels China Place: China Sector: Biofuels Product: PetroSun Biofuels China is a wholly owned subsidiary of...

  11. The electronic and optical properties of Eu/Si-codoped anatase TiO{sub 2} photocatalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin Yanming; Jiang Zhenyi; Zhang Xiaodong; Hu Xiaoyun; Fan Jun

    2012-03-05

    The electronic and optical properties of Eu/Si-codoped anatase TiO{sub 2} are investigated using the density functional theory. The calculated results show that the synergistic effects of Eu/Si codoping can effectively extend the optical absorption edge, which can lead to higher visible-light photocatalytic activities than pure anatase TiO{sub 2}. To verify the reliability of our calculated results, nanocrystalline Eu/Si-codoped TiO{sub 2} is prepared by a sol-gel-solvothermal method, and the experimental results also indicate that the codoping sample exhibits better absorption performance and higher photocatalytic activities than pure TiO{sub 2}.

  12. China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer (131.94 KB) More Documents & Publications DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement Audit of Department of Energy International Charter Flights, IG-0397

  13. State of the Union Highlights Clean Energy Progress | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    President Obama focused on a variety of renewable energy and energy efficiency issues in his State of the Union address on January 28, highlighting progress toward a "shift to a cleaner energy economy" and spotlighting solar energy and fuel efficiency. "The shift to a cleaner energy economy won't happen overnight, and it will require tough choices along the way," President Obama said. "But the debate is settled. Climate change is a fact. And when our children's children

  14. Study of Aerosol Indirect Effects in China

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aerosol Indirect Effects in China In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s ... of regional aerosol impacts in China as part of a joint program with the ...

  15. US-China Renewable Energy Forum

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The first-ever U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum was held on May 26-27, 2010 in Beijing, concurrent with the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue and with parallel forums on energy efficiency...

  16. US-China Energy Efficiency Forum

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On May 26th, 2010, the first ever U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum was held in Beijing, China The Forum brought together more than 150 U.S. and Chinese officials from government, industry,...

  17. U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Second U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, held May 5-6, 2011 in the U.S. at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California, highlighted U.S.-China cooperation on energy...

  18. HydroChina Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Zip: 100011 Sector: Hydro, Wind energy Product: Beijing-based firm focused on hydro and wind power development. References: HydroChina Corporation1 This article is a...

  19. Shenyang, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Shenyang, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Shenyang, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2034937 Coordinates 41.79222, 123.43278 Show Map Loading...

  20. Baoding, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baoding, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Baoding, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1816971 Coordinates 38.851111, 115.490278 Show Map Loading...

  1. Tianjin, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tianjin, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Tianjin, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1792947 Coordinates 39.14222, 117.17667 Show Map Loading...

  2. Wind Power in China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power in China Jump to: navigation, search This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Contents 1 Summary 2 Estimate Potential 3 Current Projects 4 China...

  3. Brilliant Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy chiral lanthanide complexes withstrong circularly polarized luminescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petoud, Stephane; Muller, Gilles; Moore, Evan G.; Xu, Jide; Sokolnicki, Jurek; Riehl, James P.; Le, Uyen; Cohen, Seth M.; Raymond,Kenneth N.

    2006-07-10

    The synthesis, characterization and luminescent behavior of trivalent Sm, Eu, Dy and Tb complexes of two enantiomeric, octadentate, chiral, 2-hydroxyisophthalamide ligands are reported. These complexes are highly luminescent in solution. Functionalization of the achiral parent ligand with a chiral 1-phenylethylamine substituent on the open face of the complex in close proximity to the metal center yields complexes with strong circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) activity. This appears to be the first example of a system utilizing the same ligand architecture to sensitize four different lanthanide cations and display CPL activity. The luminescence dissymmetry factor, g{sub lum}, recorded for the Eu(III) complex is one of the highest values reported, and this is the first time the CPL effect has been demonstrated for a Sm(III) complex with a chiral ligand. The combination of high luminescence intensity with CPL activity should enable new bioanalytical applications of macromolecules in chiral environments.

  4. MOU-CHINA.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    MOU-CHINA.pdf MOU-CHINA.pdf (199.41 KB) More Documents & Publications Memorandum of Understanding between the Department of Energy of the United States of America and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China Concerning Industrial Energy Efficiency Cooperation Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Energy and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation

  5. ARM - News : AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ChinaNews : AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China Shouxian Deployment AMF Home Shouxian Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments Experiment Planning Proposal Science Plan, (PDF, 1,257K) Outreach Fact Sheets English Version (PDF, 458K) Mandarin Version (PDF, 1230K) AMF Poster, Mandarin Version News Campaign Images News : AMF Deployment, Shouxian, China Nature Magazine News Feature (must have subscription to view) September 23, 2009 Data Available from ARM Mobile Facility Deployment in China March 18,

  6. China National Machinery Industry Complete Engineering Corporation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Industry Complete Engineering Corporation CMCEC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National Machinery Industry Complete Engineering Corporation (CMCEC) Place: Beijing,...

  7. China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation CARCU...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation CARCU Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Association of Resource Comprehensive Utilisation (CARCU) Place: Beijing Municipality,...

  8. Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Hydrogen Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure in China Prof. Jinyang Zheng Director of IPE, Zhejiang University Director of Engineering Research Center for High Pressure Process Equipment and Safety, Ministry of Education Vice Director of China National Safety Committee of Pressure Vessels Vice President of CMES-P.R. China China Representative of ISO/TC197 and ISO/TC58 U.S. Department of Transportation and U. S. Department of Energy Workshop: Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lessons

  9. Synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kokal, I.; Aydemir, U.; Prots, Yu.; Frster, T.; Sichelschmidt, J.; Yahyaoglu, M.; Auffermann, G.; Schnelle, W.; Schappacher, F.; Pttgen, R.; Somer, M.

    2014-02-15

    Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}] was synthesized from the metathesis reaction of Li{sub 3}[BN{sub 2}] and EuCl{sub 3} at 850 C. Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}] crystallizes in the trigonal space group R3{sup }c (No. 167) with a=12.0225(2) , c=6.8556(2) and Z=6. In the crystal structure, isolated, planar cyclic [B{sub 3}N{sub 6}]{sup 9?} units are charge-balanced by the mixed-valence Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+} and Li{sup +} cations. Li{sup +} occupies partially (44%) the Wyckoff site 6b and is sandwiched between the [B{sub 3}N{sub 6}]{sup 9?} anions. Mssbauer spectroscopy results show the resonance lines of Eu{sup 2+} and Eu{sup 3+}, respectively, indicating the heterogeneous mixed valency of the Eu atoms. X-Band ESR investigations between 5 and 300 K reveal an intense signal over the whole temperature range originating from Eu{sup 2+}. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate a CurieWeiss behavior with an experimental effective magnetic moment of ?{sub eff}=8.28 ?{sub B} per formula unit. - Graphical abstract: Single crystals of Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}] was obtained from the metathesis reaction of Li{sub 3}[BN{sub 2}] and EuCl{sub 3.}{sup 151}Eu Mssbauer, ESR and magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal the heterogeneous mixed valency of the Eu atoms. Display Omitted - Highlights: Single crystals of Li{sub 0.44}Eu{sub 3}[B{sub 3}N{sub 6}] was obtained from the metathesis reaction of Li{sub 3}[BN{sub 2}] and EuCl{sub 3} at 850 C. Crystal structure is built up by isolated, planar cyclic [B{sub 3}N{sub 6}]{sup 9?} units which are surrounded by mixed valence Eu{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 2+}. Li{sup +} occupies partially (44%) the site 6b and is sandwiched between the [B{sub 3}N{sub 6}]{sup 9?} anions. The {sup 151}Eu Mssbauer spectroscopy, electron spin resonance spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility measurements confirm the heterogeneous mixed valency of Eu.

  10. Microsoft Word - EU-US Smart Grid assessment - final report -online version.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    JRC 73070 EUR 25522 EN Assessing Smart Grid Benefits and Impacts: EU and U.S. Initiatives Joint Report EC JRC - US DOE Vincenzo Giordano Steven Bossart European Commission US Department of Energy-DOE Joint Research Centre (JRC) Office of Electricity and Energy Reliability Institute for Energy and Transport 2012 2 European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) Contact information Gianluca Fulli Address: Joint Research Centre, Westerduinweg 3, NL-1755 LE

  11. Defect Engineering in SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystal Scintillators

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wu, Yuntao; Boatner, Lynn A.; Lindsey, Adam C.; Zhuravleva, Mariya; Jones, Steven; Auxier, John D.; Hall, Howard L.; Melcher, Charles L.

    2015-06-23

    Eu2+-activated strontium iodide is an excellent single crystal scintillator used for gamma-ray detection and significant effort is currently focused on the development of large-scale crystal growth techniques. A new approach of molten-salt pumping or so-called melt aging was recently applied to optimize the crystal quality and scintillation performance. Nevertheless, a detailed understanding of the underlying mechanism of this technique is still lacking. The main purpose of this paper is to conduct an in-depth study of the interplay between microstructure, trap centers and scintillation efficiency after melt aging treatment. Three SrI2:2 mol% Eu2+ single crystals with 16 mm diameter were grownmore » using the Bridgman method under identical growth conditions with the exception of the melt aging time (e.g. 0, 24 and 72 hours). Using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, it is found that the matrix composition of the finished crystal after melt aging treatment approaches the stoichiometric composition. The mechanism responsible for the formation of secondary phase inclusions in melt-aged SrI2:Eu2+ is discussed. Simultaneous improvement in light yield, energy resolution, scintillation decay-time and afterglow is achieved in melt-aged SrI2:Eu2+. The correlation between performance improvement and defect structure is addressed. The results of this paper lead to a better understanding of the effects of defect engineering in control and optimization of metal halide scintillators using the melt aging technique.« less

  12. US-China Clean Energy Fora

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On May 26-27, 2010, U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary David Sandalow co-hosted the inaugural U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, the U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum and the U.S.-China...

  13. U.S.-China Clean Energy Fora

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Assistant Secretary David Sandalow co-hosted the U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum, the U.S.-China Renewable Energy Forum and the U.S.-China Advanced Biofuels Forum in Beijing. These three fora were established under the clean energy cooperation measures announced by President Barack Obama and President Hu Jintao in 2009.

  14. China develops natural gas industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    As of 1981, more than 60 natural gas fields with a total annual output of 12.74 billion cu m have been discovered in China, placing the country among the top 12 gas producers in the world. In addition, there are prospects for natural gas in the Bohai-North China Basin and the Qaidam Basin, NW. China, providing a base for further expansion of the gas industry. Gas reservoirs have been found in 9 different geologic ages: Sinian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Tertiary, and Quaternary. Of the 60 gas field now being exploited, there are more than 40 fields in Sichuan. The Sichuan Basin gas industry is described in detail.

  15. The bear awakens: Resurgence of oil and gas in the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foreman, N.E.

    1996-12-31

    Since dissolution of the Soviet Union (USSR) in late 1991, the oil and gas industries in the 15 component nations have been in a state of turmoil stemming mainly from past communist management practices and the transition to Western-style market economies and multiparty governments. As a result, oil and gas output have fallen dramatically. This study incorporates separate oil and gas production forecasts, predicted independently by onshore and offshore sectors, for each of the producing republics of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) over the period 1996-2005. Supply--assessed by full-cycle resource analysis--and demand, estimated from available historic and projected consumption figures, are balanced to yield a coherent picture. Production of both oil and gas for the FSU is forecast to recover strongly. Oil and condensate output--led by Russia, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan--are forecast to rebound to 9,545 MBOPD by 2005, which will reinstate the FSU as one of the world`s premier crude exporting blocs. Natural gas output--propelled by gains in Russia, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan--will likewise resurge, reaching a world-leading 96,051 MMCFD level, of which a large amount will be exported.

  16. Bibliography on northern pipelines in the former Soviet Union. Special report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smallidge, E.R.

    1997-08-01

    In 1993 a pilot project between the Defense Technical Information Center and the U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory resulted in a proposal to conduct a state-of-the-art review of technology and techniques for building, operating, and maintaining arctic natural gas and liquid petroleum pipelines in the former Soviet Union. The objectives of the pipeline review were to (1) Review the design, construction, operation, and maintenance procedures of oil and gas pipelines in the permafrost areas of eastern and western Siberia. (2) Assemble data on the evolution of Siberian pipelines, reflecting changes in size, modes of construction, and age. (3) Assemble data on maintenance procedures and practices, including inspection techniques with respect to corrosion, pipe wrinkling, and metal fatigue. (4) Assemble data on pipeline failures and attempt to predict life expectancy of different pipelines under the harsh arctic environment. (5) Evaluate the environmental impact of different pipeline construction techniques and relate it to ruptures and breaks. In conjunction with the study objectives, a literature search was conducted on northern pipelines in the former Soviet Union. References were compiled on dates of construction, location, route conditions, design, construction, maintenance, environmental impact, accidents, production management, and other pertinent facts. In the resulting bibliography, references are separated into three categories: Oil and Gas Pipelines, Construction, and Accidents. There is some repetition of references between the categories because some are relevant to more than one of the subject categories.

  17. A review of China`s energy policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, F.; Duan, N.; Zhijie, H.

    1994-12-01

    In 1992 China`s primary energy production reached 1075 million tons of coal equivalent by far the largest in the developing world. Because coal is the primary commercial fuel, rapid growth of carbon dioxide emissions is certain. Thus the attitude of the Chinese government toward energy and environmental issues becomes increasingly important to those involved in the study and analysis of global climate change and energy issues. This report is intended to provide a basic understanding of the development of China`s energy policymaking over the past four decades. The paper first reviews institutional development and policymaking and then describes the transition to the market-oriented system. While energy has consistently received a great deal of attention from the central government, the institutional basis for setting and implementing policies has shifted often. Reforms during the past 15 years have been incremental, piecemeal, and occasionally contradictory, but overall have freed a large portion of the energy industry from the strictures of a planned economy and laid the basis for broad price liberalization. Responsibility for energy planning is now dispersed among a number of organizations, rendering coordination of energy development difficult. Economic reform has rendered obsolete most of the policy-implementation means of the planning era. Although the new tools of central control are not fully effective, the trend toward decentralized decisionmaking has been strengthened. The report ends with a summary of energy forecasts used by Chinese policymakers, highlighting current policy goals and the issues that will shape future policy.

  18. Cogeneration development and market potential in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J.; Xin, D.

    1996-05-01

    China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

  19. China, India demand cushions prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyle, M.

    2006-11-15

    Despite the hopes of coal consumers, coal prices did not plummet in 2006 as demand stayed firm. China and India's growing economies, coupled with solid supply-demand fundamentals in North America and Europe, and highly volatile prices for alternatives are likely to keep physical coal prices from wide swings in the coming year.

  20. Green lights program in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dadi, Zhuo; Hong, Liu

    1996-12-31

    In China`s 9th 5-year plan (1996-2000), the Chinese government has placed high priority on energy conservation. The China Green Lights Program (CGLP) is listed as one of the key projects of energy conservation. The basic strategy of the CGLP is to mobilise all of the potential contributors to participate in the program, and to use market signals and supplementary non-market instruments to facilitate its implementation. Governmental funds and loans will be used as seed money to attract private participation in the program. The program contains the following elements: (1) Information dissemination to educate the public on the economic and other values of the program and to provide CGLP information to increase consumer awareness and, as a result, increase the demand for energy-efficient lighting systems. (2) Development of standards and codes for lighting systems, establishment of product specifications, and enforcement of product standards. (3) Development of quality certification and labelling system to provide assurances to consumers that the products they are purchasing will meet their performance and cost saving expectations. (4) Highlighted support and financing for production technology development and production capacity expansion. (5) Demonstration and pilot projects to boost consumer confidence in green lighting systems and to demonstrate new production technologies and processes. (6) International co-operation to expand the international exchange and absorb advanced technology and experience for implementation of the China Green Lights Program.

  1. From the ternary Eu(Au/In)2 and EuAu4(Au/In)2 with remarkable Au/In distributions to a new structure type: The gold-rich Eu5Au16(Au/In)6 structure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinberg, Simon; Card, Nathan; Mudring, Anja -Verena

    2015-08-13

    The ternary Eu(Au/In)2 (EuAu0.46In1.54(2)) (I), EuAu4(Au/In)2 (EuAu4+xIn2–x with x = 0.75(2) (II), 0.93(2), and 1.03(2)), and Eu5Au16(Au/In)6 (Eu5Au17.29In4.71(3)) (III) have been synthesized, and their structures were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. I and II crystallize with the CeCu2-type (Pearson Symbol oI12; Imma; Z = 4; a = 4.9018(4) Å; b = 7.8237(5) Å; c = 8.4457(5) Å) and the YbAl4Mo2-type (tI14; I4/mmm; Z = 2; a = 7.1612(7) Å; c = 5.5268(7) Å) and exhibit significant Au/In disorder. I is composed of an Au/In-mixed diamond-related host lattice encapsulating Eu atoms, while the structure of II features ribbons of distorted, squared Au8 prisms enclosing Eu, Au, and In atoms. Combination of these structural motifs leads to a new structure type as observed for Eu5Au16(Au/In)6 (Eu5Au17.29In4.71(3)) (oS108; Cmcm; Z = 4; a = 7.2283(4) Å; b = 9.0499(6) Å; c = 34.619(2) Å), which formally represents a one-dimensional intergrowth of the series EuAu2–“EuAu4In2”. The site preferences of the disordered Au/In positions in II were investigated for different hypothetical “EuAu4(Au/In)2” models using the projector-augmented wave method and indicate that these structures attempt to optimize the frequencies of the heteroatomic Au–In contacts. Furthermore, a chemical bonding analysis on two “EuAu5In” and “EuAu4In2” models employed the TB-LMTO-ASA method and reveals that the subtle interplay between the local atomic environments and the bond energies determines the structural and site preferences for these systems.

  2. Contamination of the Northern Oceans from Releases of Radioactivity from the Former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, Leo S.

    1999-06-04

    During the Cold War the handling of Soviet military nuclear wastes was a classified topic--kept secret to hide the status and readiness of Soviet military forces. Following the end of the Cold War information about the handling of nuclear wastes by agencies of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) became available. The US Government response to the disclosure of disposal of radioactive wastes into the Arctic Ocean and into rivers that drain into the Arctic Ocean was the finding of the Arctic Nuclear Waste Assessment Program (ANWAP) in the Office of Naval Research (ONR). Projects were aided by ANWAP to study the behavior, transport, and fate of radionuclides in the Arctic Ocean. One of the research teams, the Risk Assessment Integration Group (RAIG) assessed the potential risks to humans and to the environment, particularly in the US Alaskan Arctic.

  3. Aryl Bridged 1-Hydroxypyridin-2-one: Effect of the Bridge on the Eu(III) Sensitization Process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D'Aleo, Anthony; Moore, Evan G.; Szigethy, Geza; Xu, Jide; Raymond, Kenneth N.

    2009-06-17

    The efficiency of Eu3+ luminescence by energy transfer from an antenna ligand can be strongly dependent on the metal ion coordination geometry. The geometric component of the Eu(III) sensitization has been probed using series of tetradentate 1,2-HOPO derivatives that are connected by bridges of varying length and geometry. The ligands are N,N'-(1,2-phenylene)bis(1-hydroxy-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxamide) for the ligand (L{sup 1}), 1-hydroxy-N-(2-(1-hydroxy-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxamido)benzyl)-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxamide (L{sup 2}) and N,N'-(1,2-phenylenebis(methylene))bis(1-hydroxy-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-carboxamide) (L{sup 3}). Spectroscopic characterization of both the Gd(III) and Eu(III) metal complexes, TD-DFT analysis of model compounds and evaluation of the kinetic parameters for the europium emission were completed. Some striking differences were observed in the luminescence quantum yield by altering the bridging unit. The [Eu(L{sup 2}){sub 2}]{sup -} derivative shows efficient sensitization coupled with good metal centered emission. For [Eu(L{sup 3}){sub 2}]{sup -}, the large quenching of the luminescence quantum yield compared to [Eu(L{sup 2}){sub 2}]{sup -} is primarily a result of one inner sphere water molecule bound to the europium cation while for [Eu(L{sup 1}){sub 2}]{sup -}, the low luminescence quantum yield can be attributed to inefficient sensitization of the europium ion.

  4. Annual Trilateral U.S. – EU – Japan Conference on Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future, October 4-5, 2011

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Agenda from the first meeting of the Annual Trilateral U.S. – EU – Japan Conference on Critical Materials for a Clean Energy Future

  5. Structure, magnetism, specific heat, and dielectric properties of Eu{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolodiazhnyi, T. Sakurai, H.; Matsushita, Y.

    2014-11-17

    Polycrystalline Eu{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7} containing layered perovskite slabs was prepared and analyzed. Eu{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7} crystallizes in the orthorhombic centrosymmetric Cmcm space group (with unit cell: a?=?3.95156(9), b?=?27.0775(6), and c?=?5.68279(13) ) isomorphous with high-temperature Sr{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7}. Dielectric measurements reveal that, in contrast to Sr{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7} which is ferroelectric below 166?K, Eu{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7} remains paraelectric down to at least 0.45?K and shows no magneto-dielectric coupling. Magnetic data in the 2400?K range indicate an antiferromagnetic phase transition with a sharp susceptibility peak at 2.71(5) K. Further analysis using specific heat measurements reveals that the second magnetic phase transition occurs at 1.10(5) K and dominates the spin entropy of the Eu{sup 2+} 4f{sup 7} ions. The possible origin of the two successive magnetic phase transitions in Eu{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7} requires further studies.

  6. Development of natural gas vehicles in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zongmin, Cheng

    1996-12-31

    Past decade and current status of development of natural gas vehicles (NGVs) in China is described. By the end of 1995, 35 CNG refueling stations and 9 LPG refueling stations had been constructed in 12 regions, and 33,100 vehicles had been converted to run on CNG or LPG. China`s automobile industry, a mainstay of the national economy, is slated for accelerated development over next few years. NGVs will help to solve the problems of environment protection, GHGs mitigation, and shortage of oil supply. The Chinese government has started to promote the development of NGVs. Projects, investment demand, GHG mitigation potential, and development barriers are discussed. China needs to import advanced foreign technologies of CNGs. China`s companies expect to cooperate with foreign partners for import of CNG vehicle refueling compressors, conversions, and light cylinders, etc.

  7. China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years of Innovation "In China for China" Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click ...

  8. Category:Wind power in China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind power in China Jump to: navigation, search Category: Wind Power in China Pages in category "Wind power in China" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. C...

  9. The building materials industry in China: An overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Feng; Wang, Shumao

    1994-12-01

    The present study of China`s building materials industry is a collaborative work between the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of the State Planning Commission of China and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) of the US Department of Energy (USDOE).

  10. FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements This fact sheet provides new announcements on U.S.-China...

  11. Pan China Puyang Biomass CHP Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Puyang Biomass CHP Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pan-China(Puyang) Biomass CHP Co., Ltd. Place: Puyang, Henan Province, China Zip: 455000 Sector: Biomass Product:...

  12. China Baolv Energy Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Baolv Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Baolv Energy Co Ltd Place: China Product: China Baolv Energy, a subsidiary of Hong Kong Health Check and Laboratory...

  13. China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China-Low Carbon Development Zones (Redirected from E3G-China-Low Carbon Development Zones) Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Low Carbon Development Zones AgencyCompany...

  14. Evergreen China Energy Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Evergreen China Energy Technology Co Ltd Place: China Product: China-based joint venture that develops K-Fuel refined coal...

  15. Big China Solar Energy Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Solar Energy Group Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Big China Solar Energy Group Name: Big China Solar Energy Group Address: 8-306, Dingtaifenghua Community,Qianhai Road,...

  16. China rationalizes its renewable energy policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Su, Jack H.; Hui, Simone S.; Tsen, Kevin H.

    2010-04-15

    China's over-reliance on thermal power generation, especially coal-fired power stations, is well-documented. While nuclear power continues as an option to coal, China's strides in renewable energy are unprecedented. Recent amendments to the Renewable Energy Law, first promulgated in 2006, attempt to rationalize the regulatory regime governing wind, solar, hydropower and biomass projects in China, currently fraught with inadequate interconnection and tariff shock issues. (author)

  17. U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    China Clean Energy Cooperation A Progress rePort by the U.s. DePArtment of energy January 2011 Science is not a zero-sum game. In my experience as a scientist, collaborations with other research groups greatly accelerated our progress. Similarly, cooperation between the United States and China can greatly accelerate progress on clean energy technologies, benefiting both countries. As the world's largest producers and consumers of energy, the United States and China share many common challenges

  18. Beijing, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Now Green Capital Consulting Company GCCC Heres Hope Solar Innovation Center for Energy and Transportation ICET Mainsail Energy Ventures Inc Mingyang PetroChina Company...

  19. China BAK Battery Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Zip: 518119 Product: Guangdong- based manufacturer of standard and customized Lithium Ion rechargeable batteries. Coordinates: 22.546789, 114.112556 Show Map Loading...

  20. China Integrated Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    integrated energy company in China engaged in three business segments: the production and sale of biodiesel, the wholesale distribution of finished oil and heavy oil...

  1. China Shandong Penglai Electric Power Equipment Manufacturing...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Penglai Electric Power Equipment Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Shandong Penglai Electric Power Equipment Manufacturing Place: Penglai, Shandong Province,...

  2. China Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home China Geothermal Region Details Areas (0) Power Plants (0) Projects (0) Techniques (0) References...

  3. China Low Carbon Platform | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Low Carbon Platform Jump to: navigation, search Name China Low Carbon Platform AgencyCompany Organization Institute of Development Studies, Climate Change and Development Centre,...

  4. Wuxi, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wuxi, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Wuxi Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 29.228890030194, 117.0703125 Show Map Loading map......

  5. Liaoning, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Liaoning, China: Energy Resources (Redirected from Liaoning Province) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2036115 Coordinates 41, 123 Show Map...

  6. Liaoning, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Liaoning, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 2036115 Coordinates 41, 123 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingse...

  7. China Technology Development Group Corporation | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Group Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Technology Development Group Corporation Place: Hong Kong, Hong Kong Sector: Solar Product: Chinese...

  8. China Innovation Investment Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Innovation Investment Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Innovation Investment Limited Place: Hong Kong Sector: Solar Product: Hong Kong-listed alternative energy...

  9. China-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Eastern Asia References NREL's Bilateral Partnerships 1 Abstract NREL supports biofuels, wind, rural electrification, photovoltaics (PV), and buildings projects in China....

  10. Spin-phonon study of EuMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, Ting-Wei; Yang, Chung-Cheun Tong, Yong-Xiang; Shih, Wei-Jhe; Lin, Kuen-Song

    2015-05-07

    EuMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} multiferroic nanorods, with diameters radial × (〈L{sub C}〉) lengths of 25(6) nm × 47(15) nm and 51(16) nm × 70(26) nm, were fabricated by the hydrothermal method. Ferrimagnetic ordering below 50 K (T*) is observed in the 〈L{sub C}〉 = 70 nm sample, which exhibited ferromagnetic (FM) behavior below T* in a field cooling process. No similar behavior was found in the 〈L{sub C}〉 = 47 nm sample. These observations reveal that only the 〈L{sub C}〉 = 70 nm sample has a meta-FM state, and this sample exhibits the stronger coupling between the Mn ions. Raman spectra of both sets of samples were obtained in 0, 610, 1000, 1600, and 2000 G magnetic fields. The red-shift of the A{sub g} (681 cm{sup −1}) mode of the both samples increased with the strength of the field above 1000 G, indicating the existence of spin-phonon interaction. The smaller sampled exhibited a larger red-shift, suggesting that the size importantly affects the of EuMn{sub 2}O{sub 5} nanorods.

  11. High-quality EuO thin films the easy way via topotactic transformation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mairoser, Thomas; Mundy, Julia A.; Melville, Alexander; Hodash, Daniel; Cueva, Paul; Held, Rainer; Glavic, Artur; Schubert, Jürgen; Muller, David A.; Schlom, Darrell G.; Schmehl, Andreas

    2015-07-16

    Epitaxy is widely employed to create highly oriented crystalline films. A less appreciated, but nonetheless powerful means of creating such films is via topotactic transformation, in which a chemical reaction transforms a single crystal of one phase into a single crystal of a different phase, which inherits its orientation from the original crystal. Topotactic reactions may be applied to epitactic films to substitute, add or remove ions to yield epitactic films of different phases. Here we exploit a topotactic reduction reaction to provide a non-ultra-high vacuum (UHV) means of growing highly oriented single crystalline thin films of the easily over-oxidized half-metallic semiconductor europium monoxide (EuO) with a perfection rivalling that of the best films of the same material grown by molecular-beam epitaxy or UHV pulsed-laser deposition. Lastly, as the technique only requires high-vacuum deposition equipment, it has the potential to drastically improve the accessibility of high-quality single crystalline films of EuO as well as other difficult-to-synthesize compounds.

  12. High-quality EuO thin films the easy way via topotactic transformation

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mairoser, Thomas; Mundy, Julia A.; Melville, Alexander; Hodash, Daniel; Cueva, Paul; Held, Rainer; Glavic, Artur; Schubert, Jürgen; Muller, David A.; Schlom, Darrell G.; et al

    2015-07-16

    Epitaxy is widely employed to create highly oriented crystalline films. A less appreciated, but nonetheless powerful means of creating such films is via topotactic transformation, in which a chemical reaction transforms a single crystal of one phase into a single crystal of a different phase, which inherits its orientation from the original crystal. Topotactic reactions may be applied to epitactic films to substitute, add or remove ions to yield epitactic films of different phases. Here we exploit a topotactic reduction reaction to provide a non-ultra-high vacuum (UHV) means of growing highly oriented single crystalline thin films of the easily over-oxidizedmore » half-metallic semiconductor europium monoxide (EuO) with a perfection rivalling that of the best films of the same material grown by molecular-beam epitaxy or UHV pulsed-laser deposition. Lastly, as the technique only requires high-vacuum deposition equipment, it has the potential to drastically improve the accessibility of high-quality single crystalline films of EuO as well as other difficult-to-synthesize compounds.« less

  13. Report on the EU-US Environmental Biotechnology Workshop on Microbial Community Dynamics: Cooperation and Competition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wall, Judy D.

    2013-07-01

    The Workshop on Microbial Community Dynamics: Cooperation and Competition to be held in the fall of 2012 in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, is an initiative of the Environmental Biotechnology Working Group of the EU-US Taskforce on Biotechnology Research, a cooperative program between the European Commission and the United States of America. The activities of the Environmental Biotechnology Working Group have as their goals to provide a forum for early career scientists from the US and EU to meet, to learn cutting edge research in the area of microbial biotechnology from world experts and to set the groundwork for future cooperation and collaboration. Workshop topics will address fundamental physiology and genetics of microbial communities that will contribute to advances in bioremediation, bioenergy conversion and carbon sequestration. Senior scientist participants will be world renowned experts who will present the current status of their fields and forecast research challenges and opportunities. It is a goal of the Environmental Biotechnology Working Group to facilitate the formation of direct collaborations among US and European scientists in programs of mutual interest and benefit. Therefore, the workshop will also provide an opportunity for members of the Working Group and attendees to identify areas where advancement is necessary and plan the steps necessary for realizing future research collaborations. In addition, time will be provided for mentoring of the early career scientists by the senior scientists on an individual basis.

  14. Study of the electronic and magnetic properties of EuAlO{sub 3} using FP-LAPW method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandeep, Shankar, A.; Rai, D. P.; Thapa, R. K.; Ghimire, M. P.

    2015-05-15

    The electronic and magnetic properties of EuAlO{sub 3} is calculated by first-principles full-potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method based on density functional theory (DFT). Density of states (DOS), magnetic moments and band structures of the systems are presented. For the exchange and correlation energy, local spin density approximation (LSDA+U) with the inclusion of Hubbard potential U is used. Our calculation showed an indirect band gap of the order of 4 eV for EuAlO{sub 3} in the spin down channel of the DOS and band structures supporting HMF nature of the system. The effective magnetic moment of 6.00 µ{sub B} also supported the above conclusion with an integral value. The DOS of Eu were found responsible for the HMF nature of the system.

  15. Controlled synthesis and optical properties of BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} crystals via ethanol/water solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, Qinghua; Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 10039 ; Li, Zhi; Ma, Wangjing; Shi, Yao; Yang, Xinmin

    2012-09-15

    Graphical abstract: A facile and cost-effective approach for the controlled synthesis of BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} crystals is introduced. The structures and morphologies of the obtained products are affected by the amount of water and ethanol in the solvent mixtures. Highlights: ► Precipitation route for preparing BaFBr nano and micro crystals in water/ethanol solvent mixtures. ► Controlled growth of BaFBr nano crystals by tuning the volume ratio of Ethanol/water. ► Luminescence properties after annealing at 200 °C are investigated. ► Short lifetimes of photoluminescence and photostimulated luminescence in BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} nano crystals are presented. ► Shortened lifetimes in BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} nano crystals demonstrate that they are promising materials for use in X-ray imaging systems. -- Abstract: BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} crystals with different structures were successfully fabricated via a simple precipitation method using ethanol/water mixtures as solvents. The amount of ethanol in the solvent mixtures played a significant role in the formation of final products, enabling the well-controlled growth of the BaFBr crystals. A possible formation mechanism was proposed based on the results of controlled experiments. The phases and morphologies of the resulting samples were systematically investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM (HRTEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED) and elementary analysis. The optical properties of the annealed BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} nano-cuboids were investigated using photoluminescence (PL), photo-stimulated luminescence spectroscopy (PSL) and kinetic decays. Faster decay behaviors demonstrate that these BaFBr:Eu{sup 2+} phosphors are promising materials for applications in optical storage fields. Furthermore, it is envisaged that this environmentally benign method can be extended to prepare other fluoride halides.

  16. Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ganzhong Chlorine Caustic Company aka China Jiangxi Chlor Alkali Manufacturing Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jiangxi Ganzhong Chlorine & Caustic Company (aka China Jiangxi...

  17. Physicists in China Nail a Key Neutrino Measurement (Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in China Nail a Key Neutrino Measurement (Science) External Link: http:news.sciencemag.orgsciencenow201203physicists-in-china-nail-a-key.htm... By jlabadmin on Thu, ...

  18. Readout on Secretary Chu's China Meetings on Clean Energy | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    BEIJING, CHINA - Secretary Chu is meeting with a series of Chinese officials during this week's trip to China. We will be providing readouts on these meetings whenever possible. ...

  19. Energy Efficiency Labeling System & its Development in China...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of energy efficiency labeling in China. session1buildingstrackchengjianhong... Status Prospects of Green Data Center 4th U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum Documents ...

  20. MOU signed between CIAE and Jefferson National Lab, USA. (China...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MOU signed between CIAE and Jefferson National Lab, USA. (China Nuclear Industry News, ... of Jefferson National Lab, USA visited the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). ...

  1. United States and China Continue Partnership for the Peaceful...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    United States and China Continue Partnership for the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology ... government agencies traveled to Chengdu, China, for the 10th Joint Coordination Committee ...

  2. GE China Technology Center Wins Top 12 Most Innovative Practices...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Technology Center Wins Top 12 Most Innovative Practices Award of "Multinational ... GE China Technology Center Wins Top 12 Most Innovative Practices Award of "Multinational ...

  3. NREL: International Activities - U.S.-China Renewable Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S.-China Renewable Energy Partnership The U.S.-China Renewable Energy Partnership (USCREP) brings together technical, academic, business, and political stakeholders from the ...

  4. China United Coalbed Methane Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Coalbed Methane Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China United Coalbed Methane Co Ltd Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100011 Product: Coal bed methane developer in...

  5. China Solar Photovoltaic Group CNPV aka Dongying Photovoltaic...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group CNPV aka Dongying Photovoltaic Power Co Ltd or China Solar PV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Solar Photovoltaic Group (CNPV, aka Dongying Photovoltaic Power Co Ltd...

  6. China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Company Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company Place: Guangzhou, China Coordinates: 23.129075, 113.264423 Show Map Loading map......

  7. China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd CGNPC | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd CGNPC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Guangdong Nuclear Power Holding Co Ltd (CGNPC) Place: Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip: 518031...

  8. Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation HCWE aka China Creative Wind Energy Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Shenyang Huachuang Wind Energy Corporation (HCWE) (aka China...

  9. PetroChina Company Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China's largest oil and gas company. PetroChina is involved in exploration, development, production and marketing of crude oil and natural gas; refining, transportation, storage...

  10. China-Climate Change Research Center | Open Energy Information

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    China-Climate Change Research Center Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Climate Change Research Center AgencyCompany Organization ClimateWorks, Energy Foundation Sector...

  11. China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Centre (CNREC) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) Name China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC) AgencyCompany Organization...

  12. China Clean Energy Resource Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Product: China Clean Energy Resources, Ltd., a manufacturer and distributor of biodiesel fuel and specialty chemicals made from renewable resources References: China...

  13. China-Partnership for Climate Action | Open Energy Information

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    Partnership for Climate Action (Redirected from Partnership for Climate Action - China) Jump to: navigation, search Name Partnership for Climate Action - China AgencyCompany...

  14. China Longyuan Power Group Corporation Limited | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Power Group Corporation Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Longyuan Power Group Corporation Limited Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100034 Sector:...

  15. China Resources Wind Power Development Co Ltd Hua Run | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources Wind Power Development Co Ltd Hua Run Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Resources Wind Power Development Co Ltd (Hua Run) Place: Shantou, Guangdong Province, China...

  16. China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Longyuan Wind Power Co Ltd Place: China Sector: Wind energy Product: Wind farm development subsidiary of Longyuan...

  17. China Institute of Geo Environment Monitoring | Open Energy Informatio...

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    Institute of Geo Environment Monitoring Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Institute of Geo-Environment Monitoring Place: China Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Chinese...

  18. China Stream Fund Solar Energy JV | Open Energy Information

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    Solar Energy JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Stream Fund Solar Energy JV Place: Changzhou, Jiangsu Province, China Zip: 213000 Product: JV between Stream High-Technology...

  19. China Electronics Technology Group Corporation CETC | Open Energy...

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    Technology Group Corporation CETC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC) Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100846 Product:...

  20. China Xinjiang Sunoasis Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Sunoasis Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Xinjiang Sunoasis Co Ltd Place: Urumuqi, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China Zip: 830011 Product: PV module and other...

  1. China New Energy Ltd CNE | Open Energy Information

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    CNE Jump to: navigation, search Name: China New Energy Ltd (CNE) Place: Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China Zip: 510640 Product: A provider of production equipment and...

  2. China Energy Conservation Solar Energy Technologies CECS | Open...

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    Conservation Solar Energy Technologies CECS Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Energy Conservation Solar Energy Technologies (CECS) Place: China Sector: Solar Product:...

  3. China Titans Energy Technology Group Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Titans Energy Technology Group Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Titans Energy Technology Group Co Ltd Place: Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, China Sector: Solar,...

  4. China and India Industrial Efficiency NREL Partnership | Open...

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    Industrial Efficiency NREL Partnership Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China-NREL Industrial Efficiency Partnership Name China-NREL Industrial Efficiency Partnership Agency...

  5. China Power International Shanghai Green CLP JV | Open Energy...

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    Shanghai Green CLP JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Power International, Shanghai Green & CLP JV Place: Shanghai, Shanghai Municipality, China Sector: Wind energy...

  6. China Technology Solar Power Holdings Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Solar Power Holdings Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Technology Solar Power Holdings Ltd Place: Hong Kong Sector: Solar Product: China-based solar project developer,...

  7. North China Electric Power University Beijing | Open Energy Informatio...

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    Electric Power University Beijing Jump to: navigation, search Name: North China Electric Power University (Beijing) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 102206 Product:...

  8. China-NREL Rural Electrification Projects | Open Energy Information

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    Rural Electrification Projects Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China Rural Electrification Name China Rural Electrification AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy...

  9. China Datang Corporation Renewable Power Co Ltd | Open Energy...

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    Corporation Renewable Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Datang Corporation Renewable Power Co Ltd Place: Beijing Municipality, China Sector: Renewable Energy...

  10. China Huadian New Energy Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    New Energy Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Huadian New Energy Development Co Ltd Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100044 Sector: Renewable Energy...

  11. China-GTZ Energy Programs | Open Energy Information

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    Energy Programs Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China-GTZ Energy Programs Name China-GTZ Energy Programs AgencyCompany Organization GTZ Sector Energy Focus Area Energy...

  12. China Hyper Battery Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

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    Battery Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Hyper Battery Co Ltd Place: Shenzhen, China Zip: 518048 Product: Manufacturer and exporter of batteries and battery packs....

  13. US-China Partnership for Climate Action | Open Energy Information

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    US-China Partnership for Climate Action Jump to: navigation, search Name US-China Partnership for Climate Action AgencyCompany Organization Institute for Sustainable Communities...

  14. China Electronic Engineering Design Institute CEEDI | Open Energy...

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    Engineering Design Institute CEEDI Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Electronic Engineering Design Institute (CEEDI) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100840...

  15. China South Industries Group Corp CSG | Open Energy Information

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    Industries Group Corp CSG Jump to: navigation, search Name: China South Industries Group Corp (CSG) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100821 Product: Beijing-based...

  16. Beijing China Sciences General Energy Environment GEE | Open...

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    Sciences General Energy Environment GEE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Beijing China Sciences General Energy&Environment (GEE) Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100080...

  17. China National BlueStar Group Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    BlueStar Group Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National BlueStar Group Corporation Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100029 Product: State-owned...

  18. China-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Name China-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services AgencyCompany...

  19. China National Renewable Energy Centre | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Centre Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China National Renewable Energy Centre Name: China National Renewable Energy Centre Abbreviation: CNREC Address: Guohong Mansion, Mu...

  20. 48th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    8th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name: 48th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation...

  1. China SC Exact Equipment Co LTD | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    SC Exact Equipment Co LTD Jump to: navigation, search Name: China SC Exact Equipment Co., LTD Place: Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, China Zip: 518125 Sector: Solar Product:...

  2. China New Energy Chamber of Commerce CNECC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chamber of Commerce CNECC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China New Energy Chamber of Commerce (CNECC) Place: Beijing, Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100052 Product: A Chinese...

  3. China Three Gorges Project Corporation CTGPC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Three Gorges Project Corporation CTGPC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Three Gorges Project Corporation (CTGPC) Place: Yichang, Hubei Province, China Zip: 443002 Sector:...

  4. China Wind Systems formerly Green Power Malex | Open Energy Informatio...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    formerly Green Power Malex Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Wind Systems (formerly Green PowerMalex) Place: Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  5. China and India PV Reliability-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PV Reliability-NREL Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Logo: China and India PV Reliability under the Asia Pacific Partnership Name China and India PV Reliability under the...

  6. China Power International New Energy Holding Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    New Energy Holding Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Power International New Energy Holding Ltd Place: Shanghai Municipality, China Zip: 200052 Sector: Biomass, Hydro,...

  7. Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India and South Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Corporate Clean Energy Investment Trends in Brazil, China, India...

  8. China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group CLEEVIG...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group CLEEVIG Jump to: navigation, search Name: China Lithium Energy Electric Vehicle Investment Group (CLEEVIG) Place: Beijing, China...

  9. China United Cleaning Technology Co Ltd Beijing | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technology Co Ltd, Beijing Place: Beijing Municipality, China Zip: 100012 Product: A Chinese PV cell equipment provider References: China United Cleaning Technology Co Ltd,...

  10. MOU signed between CIAE and Jefferson National Lab, USA. (China...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    https:www.jlab.orgnewsarticlesmou-signed-between-cia...-and-jefferson-national-lab-usa-china-nuclear-industry-news-ge... ... USA visited the China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). ...

  11. Analytical services Organization Union Valley sample Preparation facility Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) Annual Inventory Document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, B.J.

    1998-06-01

    The Analytical Services Organization (ASO), Union Valley Sample Preparation Facility (UVSPF), provides analytical testing in support of the Department of Energy (DOE), Oak Ridge Operations (ORO), and associated sites. Samples generated on the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) are routinely received at the WSPF for analytical evaluatiotiidentification. Many of these samples are polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) regulated from a source or being sent to the facility to determine PCB content. PCB laboratory wastes in solid and liquid form are generated during the evaluation of these materials, requiring the WSPF staff to maintain formal storage areas for staging the materials prior to off-site shipment for disposal. The purpose of this report is to fulfill the requirements set forth in Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 761.180(a), Subpart J, which requires owners or operators of a facility using or storing PCBS to prepare an annual inventory document by July 1 of the current year which covers the previous calendar year. This report provides documentation of the inventory of PCB materials/wastes that were generated, stored for dispos~ and shipped off site for disposal for the period January 1, 1997, to January 1, 1998. The following is a summary of materials/wastes subject to the aforementioned reporting requirements.

  12. United States-assisted studies on dose reconstruction in the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anspaugh, L.R.; Bouville, A.

    1995-12-01

    Following the Chernobyl accident, the US and the USSR entered into an agreement to work on the safety of civilian nuclear reactors; one aspect of that work was to study the environmental transport and health effects of radionuclides released by the accident. After the break-up of the USSR separate agreements were established between the US and Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia to continue work on dose reconstruction and epidemiologic studies of health effects from exposure to external radiation and the incorporation of radionuclides. Studies in Belarus and Ukraine related to the Chernobyl accident now emphasize epidemiologic: studies of childhood-thyroid cancer and leukemia, and eye-lens-cataract formation in liquidators. Supporting studies on dose reconstruction emphasize a variety of ecological, physical, and biological techniques. Studies being conducted in Russia currently emphasize health effects in the workers and the population around the Mayak Industrial Association. As this production complex is an analogue of the US Hanford Works, advantage is being taken of the US experience in conducting a similar, recently completed dose-reconstruction study. In all cases the primary work on dose reconstruction is being performed by scientists from the former Soviet Union. US assistance is in the form of expert consultation and participation, exchange visits, provision of supplies and equipment, and other forms of local assistance.

  13. Building Energy Efficiency in Rural China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Yu, Sha; Song, Bo; Deng, Qinqin; Liu, Jing; Delgado, Alison

    2014-04-01

    Rural buildings in China now account for more than half of Chinas total building energy use. Forty percent of the floorspace in China is in rural villages and towns. Most of these buildings are very energy inefficient, and may struggle to meet basic needs. They are cold in the winter, and often experience indoor air pollution from fuel use. The Chinese government plans to adopt a voluntary building energy code, or design standard, for rural homes. The goal is to build on Chinas success with codes in urban areas to improve efficiency and comfort in rural homes. The Chinese government recognizes rural buildings represent a major opportunity for improving national building energy efficiency. The challenges of rural China are also greater than those of urban areas in many ways because of the limited local capacity and low income levels. The Chinese government wants to expand on new programs to subsidize energy efficiency improvements in rural homes to build capacity for larger-scale improvement. This article summarizes the trends and status of rural building energy use in China. It then provides an overview of the new rural building design standard, and describes options and issues to move forward with implementation.

  14. High-pressure x-ray diffraction study of YBO{sub 3}/Eu{sup 3+}, GdBO{sub 3}, and EuBO{sub 3}: Pressure-induced amorphization in GdBO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Pei; Xu, Chao; Ren, Xiangting; Lei, Li; Wang, Shanmin; Peng, Fang; Yan, Xiaozhi; Liu, Dongqiong; Wang, Qiming; He, Duanwei; Xiong, Lun; Liu, Jing

    2014-01-28

    Angle-dispersive synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements were performed on vaterite-type YBO{sub 3}/Eu{sup 3+}, GdBO{sub 3}, and EuBO{sub 3}, respectively, up to 41 GPa at room temperature using a diamond-anvil cell. Pressure-induced amorphization was observed in hexagonal GdBO{sub 3} with a significant compression along the c-axis. Compared to the ions of the distorted GdBO{sub 3} phase, its anions may lose their long-range order prior to the cations at high pressures. Based on the experimental pressure-volume data, the obtained bulk moduli of YBO{sub 3}/Eu{sup 3+} and GdBO{sub 3} are 329 and 321 GPa, respectively, which are more than 90% larger than that of EuBO{sub 3} (167 GPa) and are presumably attributed to Gd{sup 3+} and Y{sup 3+} with a high density of d valence electrons.

  15. CHINA SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE DESIGN.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    WEI,J.

    2007-01-29

    The China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS) is an accelerator-based high-power project currently in preparation under the direction of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The complex is based on an H- linear accelerator, a rapid cycling proton synchrotron accelerating the beam to 1.6 GeV, a solid tungsten target station, and five initial instruments for spallation neutron applications. The facility will operate at 25 Hz repetition rate with a phase-I beam power of about 120 kW. The major challenge is to build a robust and reliable user's facility with upgrade potential at a fractional of ''world standard'' cost.

  16. Sustainable energy system establishment in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bin Zhu

    1997-12-31

    The current structure of Chinas energy is an unsustainable system mainly dependent on coal consumption. In 1994, China coal consumed 920.55 Mtce, 75% of the total energy consumption. At present, China is the biggest coal consumption country with its CO{sub 2} emission in the first place of the world. New national system of sustainable energy designed for China is based on the following premises: (1) To provide sufficient energy to the economy growth of China; (2) To provide adequate energy supply to improvement of the residents` livelihood; (3) To get rid of the negative effect on the eco-environment produced by the new system; (4) To keep a developmental pace compatible with that of the global mainstream of the sustainable development in the world.

  17. Environmental assistance as national security policy: Helping the former Soviet Union find solutions to its environmental problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunaway, R.L.

    1995-11-01

    Since the fall of Communism in the former Soviet Union, US Presidents and policy makers have stressed the importance of helping Russia and the Newly Independent States develop democratic forms of government and forge strong economic and environmental ties with other nations throughout the world. The US can and should play a role in helping the Commonwealth of Independent States repair decades of damage caused by Cold War-driven industrial and nuclear development. This report describes some of the region`s most serious environmental problems and their potential to spread throughout the affected areas to neighboring countries. It provides an overview of the emerging environmental component of the US. National Security Strategy first proposed by President Bush. Finally, it describes an ambitious proposal to implement geographic information system (GIS) technology as a means of helping the former Soviet Union identify and monitor existing and potential environmental hazards. The ability to locate, analyze, and track existing damage reliably, as a prelude to predicting potential threats, is a necessary first step in developing a viable strategy to protect environmental, economic, and social resources, both in the former Soviet Union and world-wide.

  18. New hydrolytically stable solvent for Am/Eu separation in acidic media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smirnov, I.V.; Babain, V.A.; Chirkov, A.V.

    2007-07-01

    Americium and europium extraction by synergistic mixture of 2,6-bis(1-aryl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)pyridines (ATP) - chlorinated cobalt dicarbollide (CCD) in polar diluent s from HNO{sub 3} media was studied. Meta-nitro-benzo-trifluoride, phenyl-tri-fluoro-methyl sulfone and 1,2-dichloroethane were used as diluents. The effect of diluent, composition of aqueous phase and substituent nature in aryl ring of ATPs on the extraction efficiency and selectivity of americium and europium separation was investigated. At the optimal ratio of nATP:CCD 1:1 the Am - Eu separation factor exceeded 90. Extraction of {sup 85}Sr, {sup 137}Cs and {sup 133}Ba was investigated and it was found that the mixture nATP-CCD provided the separation of Sr /Ba pair with a factor of 35. High resistance of 2,6-bisaryltetrazolyl pyridines to the action of nitric acid was demonstrated. (authors)

  19. On the peculiar properties of triangular-chain EuCr{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} antiferromagnet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gondek, ?.; Szytu?a, A.; Przewo?nik, J.; ?ukrowski, J.; Prokhorov, A.; Chernush, L.; Zubov, E.; Dyakonov, V.; Tyvanchuk, Yu.

    2014-02-15

    In this paper we report studies on EuCr{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} compound, that is a member of newly discovered family of huntite-related specimens for non-linear optics. For the first time, the uncommon temperature dependence of the EuCr{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} lattice parameters is reported. Additionally, the magnetism of this compound is extremely interesting. Namely, a possible interplay in between potentially magnetic rare-earth ions and 3d metal stacked within quasi-1D chain that can lead to a great variety of magnetic behaviour. Indeed, in our studies we have found 3D-long range ordering with metamagnetic behaviour, while at higher temperature the magnetic chains become uncoupled. - Graphical abstract: Torsion-like vibrations are the key to understand negative thermal expansion along the a-axis. Display Omitted - Highlights: EuCr{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 4} is a peculiar triangular-chain antiferromagnet. Rare earth sublattice is non-magnetic with Eu{sup 3+} configuration. Cr{sup 3+} magnetic moments show 1-D behaviour along with spin fluctuations. Torsion vibrations of Cr triangular tubes lead to anomalous expansion of unit cell.

  20. Photoemission Study of the Rare Earth Intermetallic Compounds: RNi2Ge2 (R=Eu, Gd)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jongik Park

    2004-12-19

    EuNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} and GdNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} are two members of the RT{sub 2}X{sub 2} (R = rare earth, T = transition metal and X = Si, Ge) family of intermetallic compounds, which has been studied since the early 1980s. These ternary rare-earth intermetallic compounds with the tetragonal ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2} structure are known for their wide variety of magnetic properties, Extensive studies of the RT{sub 2}X{sub 2} series can be found in Refs [ 1,2,3]. The magnetic properties of the rare-earth nickel germanides RNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} were recently studied in more detail [4]. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the electronic structure (both valence band and shallow core levels) of single crystals of EuNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} and GdNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} and to check the assumptions that the f electrons are non-interacting and, consequently, the rigid-band model for these crystals would work [11], using synchrotron radiation because, to the best of our knowledge, no photoemission measurements on those have been reported. Photoemission spectroscopy has been widely used to study the detailed electronic structure of metals and alloys, and especially angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) has proven to be a powerful technique for investigating Fermi surfaces (FSs) of single-crystal compounds.

  1. Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007 - 2012; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, Maureen

    2015-06-15

    This presentation provides a summary of IEA Wind Task 26 report on Wind Technology, Cost, and Performance Trends in Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Norway, the European Union, and the United States: 2007-2012

  2. US-China_Fact_Sheet_Coal.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Coal.pdf US-China_Fact_Sheet_Coal.pdf (77.08 KB) More Documents & Publications FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean Energy Cooperation Announcements US-China Clean Energy Cooperation Progress Report on U.S.-China Energy Cooperation

  3. China Melamine Formaldehyde Share | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Melamine Formaldehyde Share Home There are currently no posts in this category. Syndicate content...

  4. China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years of Innovation "In China for China" Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) GE's China Technology Center Celebrates 15 Years of Innovation "In China for China" Unveils Visionary Technology Blueprint called "The Next List" Shanghai, China, 5

  5. DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation DOE Assistant Secretaries in China to Discuss Energy Cooperation September 14, 2006 - 1:10pm Addthis BEIJING, CHINA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs Karen A. Harbert and Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Jeffrey Jarrett are in China this week to discuss energy cooperation between the United States and China. In Hangzhou, Assistant Secretary Harbert

  6. Gansu China Power Jiuquan Wind Power Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China Power Jiuquan Wind Power Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Gansu China Power Jiuquan Wind Power Co Ltd Place: Gansu Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product:...

  7. Preparation, characterization, magnetic susceptibility (Eu, Gd and Sm) and XPS studies of Ln{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} (Ln=La, Eu, Dy and Gd)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vijaya Kumar, B.; Velchuri, Radha; Rama Devi, V.; Sreedhar, B.; Prasad, G.; Jaya Prakash, D.; Kanagaraj, M.; Arumugam, S.; Vithal, M.

    2011-02-15

    Bulk and nanosized pyrochlore materials Ln{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} (Ln=La, Eu, Dy, Gd and Sm) have been prepared by the sol-gel method. All the samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Magnetic susceptibility ({chi}) measurements of Gd{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7}, Sm{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} and Eu{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} were carried out by vibrating sample magnetometer in the temperature range 2-320 K. The variation of {chi}{sup -1} (or {chi}) with temperature of Gd{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7}, Sm{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} and Eu{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} follows the Curie law, intermediate formula and the Curie-Weiss law, respectively. From the linear portion of {chi}T vs. T{sup -1} plot of Eu{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} from 2 to 15 K, the classical nearest neighbor exchange (J{sup cl}) and dipolar interactions (D{sub nn}) are obtained. The XPS of Ln{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} (Ln=La, Eu, Dy and Gd) gave characteristic peaks for Ln, Ti, Zr and O. The satellite peaks are observed only for 3d La of La{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7}. -- Graphical abstract: Sm{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} does not follow the Curie or the Curie-Weiss law. The effective magnetic moment is found to be 0.768 BM (at 300 K), which is smaller than the free ion moment 1.3-1.4 BM. Display Omitted Research Highlights: {yields} Bulk and nano Ln{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} (Ln=La, Eu, Dy, Gd and Sm) have been prepared by the sol-gel method. {yields} The broad Raman lines are attributed to cation disorder and small crystallite size. {yields} XPS of Ln{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} exhibit characteristic X-ray photoelectron spectral features. {yields} Magnetic moment of Gd{sub 2}ZrTiO{sub 7} is obtained from magnetic susceptibility and ESR spectra.

  8. Solvothermal synthesis and tunable luminescence of Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} codoped YF{sub 3} nano- and micro-crystals with uniform morphologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian, Yue [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China) [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China); College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China); Chen, Baojiu, E-mail: chenmbj@sohu.com [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China)] [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China); Li, Xiangping; Zhang, Jinsu; Tian, Bining; Sun, Jiashi; Cheng, Lihong; Zhong, Haiyang; Zhong, Hua [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China)] [Department of Physics, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026 (China); Hua, Ruinian, E-mail: rnhua@dlnu.edu.cn [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China)] [College of Life Science, Dalian Nationalities University, Dalian, Liaoning 116600 (China)

    2012-12-15

    Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} codoped YF{sub 3} nano- and micro-crystals with the morphologies of ellipsoid-like nanoplate, spindle, sandwich-structural rhombus and nanoaggregate were synthesized through a solvothermal method. The morphologies of the prepared products can be tailored by controlling the volume ratio of ethylene glycol (EG) to H{sub 2}O, solvent type or the reaction time. A possible formation mechanism of the sandwich-structural rhombus like YF{sub 3} phosphor was proposed. The emitting colors of YF{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+},Eu{sup 3+} phosphors can be easily tuned from yellowish green, yellow to orange by increasing Eu{sup 3+} concentration. The energy transfer from Tb{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 3+} in YF{sub 3} phosphors was studied. It was found that the interaction type between Tb{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} is electric dipole-dipole interaction. - Graphical abstract: Sandwich-structural rhombus like YF{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} phosphors were synthesized through a solvothermal process. The formation mechanism of the sandwich-structural rhombus like YF{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+} phosphors was studied. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer YF{sub 3} nano- and micro-crystals were synthesized through solvothermal route. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A formation mechanism of the sandwich-structural rhombus like YF{sub 3} was proposed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The emitting colors of YF{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+},Eu{sup 3+} phosphors can be tuned. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Energy transfer from Tb{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 3+} is confirmed as electric dipole-dipole interaction.

  9. Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence properties of Eu{sup 3+} ions activated AMoO{sub 4} (A = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Du, Peng; Yu, Jae Su

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Under 393 nm excitation, strong red emission located at 615 nm was observed in all the samples. • The Eu{sup 3+}-activated CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor exhibited the strongest PL properties. • The CIE chromaticity coordinate of Eu{sup 3+}-activated CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor was (0.647,0.352). • The color purity of Eu{sup 3+}-activated CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor was 92.8%. • Strong CL properties were observed in the Eu{sup 3+}-activated CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor. - Abstract: Eu{sup 3+}-activated AMoO{sub 4} (A = Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) phosphors were synthesized by a solid-state reaction method. Photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra as well as X-ray diffraction patterns were measured to characterize the fabricated samples. Under 393 nm excitation, strong red emissions located at ∼615 nm corresponding to the {sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 2} transition of Eu{sup 3+} ions were observed in all the samples. Compared with other Eu{sup 3+} ions activated AMoO{sub 4} (A = Mg, Sr, Ba) phosphors, Eu{sup 3+}-activated CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor exhibited the strongest red emission intensity with better Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage chromaticity coordinate and higher color purity. Furthermore, the CL results indicated that the Eu{sup 3+}-activated CaMoO{sub 4} phosphor had excellent luminescence properties.

  10. Solar Power In China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Power In China Jump to: navigation, search This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Working on ask query to display all Chinese solar companies TODO:...

  11. Jordan ships oil shale to China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-12-01

    Jordan and China have signed an agreement to develop oil shale processing technology that could lead to a 200 ton/day oil shale plant in Jordan. China will process 1200 tons of Jordanian oil shale at its Fu Shun refinery. If tests are successful, China could build the demonstration plant in Jordan's Lajjun region, where the oil shale resource is estimated at 1.3 billion tons. China plans to send a team to Jordan to conduct a plant design study. A Lajjun oil shale complex could produce as much as 50,000 b/d of shale oil. An earlier 500 ton shipment of shale is said to have yielded promising results.

  12. U.S.-China vehicle annex

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The United States and China conduct information exchanges, joint studies, technology demonstrations, and training sessions with national laboratories, automotive industry partners, and other private industries involved in energy efficient transportation.

  13. Synthesis of nanocrystalline REBO{sub 3} (RE=Y, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Ho) and YBO{sub 3}:Eu using a borohydride-based solution precursor route

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henkes, Amanda E.; Schaak, Raymond E.

    2008-12-15

    A solution precursor route has been used to synthesize a series of nanocrystalline rare-earth borates. Amorphous precursor powders are precipitated during an aqueous reaction between RE{sup 3+} and NaBH{sub 4}, and the isolated powders can be annealed in air at 700 deg. C to form YBO{sub 3}, NdBO{sub 3}, SmBO{sub 3}, EuBO{sub 3}, GdBO{sub 3}, and HoBO{sub 3}. YBO{sub 3}:Eu formed using this strategy shows red-orange emission properties that are similar to high-quality nanocrystals prepared by other methods. The materials have been characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, powder XRD, SEM, DSC, UV-Vis fluorimetry, and TEM with EDS and element mapping. - Graphical abstract: Amorphous nanoscopic precursor powders are formed through the aqueous reaction of RE{sup 3+} with NaBH{sub 4}. Once isolated, the powders can be annealed at 700 deg. C in air to form a series of nanocrystalline REBO{sub 3} orthoborates. Nanocrystalline YBO{sub 3}:Eu formed using this strategy shows red-orange emission properties when excited with UV light.

  14. Photoluminescence studies of shock-recovered Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kishimura, Hiroaki Hamada, Sho; Aruga, Atsushi; Matsumoto, Hitoshi

    2015-01-05

    A series of shock-recovery experiments on Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} powder were conducted involving the impact of a flyer plate accelerated by a single-stage powder-propellant gun. The recovered samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. The XRD and PL results of samples shocked at pressures of 13 GPa indicated that a phase transition from a cubic phase to a monoclinic phase occurred. The recovered samples shocked at 21 and 25 GPa consisted of Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} with the cubic phase and the monoclinic phase. These results indicated that the shock-induced phase transition was the partial completion of the phase transition.

  15. Theoretical studies of strongly correlated rare-earth intermetallics RIn₃ and RSn₃ (R=Sm, Eu, and Gd)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shafiq, M.; Ahmad, Iftikhar E-mail: dr.iftikhar@uom.edu.pk; Jalali Asadabadi, S.

    2014-09-14

    In this paper, the structural, elastic, and electronic properties of RIn₃ and RSn₃ (R = Sm, Eu, Gd) compounds have been investigated using the full potential linearized augmented plane wave plus local orbital method within the density functional theory. The structural properties are investigated using the LDA, GGA, and the band correlated LDA+U and GGA+U schemes. The lattice parameters are in good agreement with the available experimental results and the divalent state of Eu is also verified. The spin-orbit coupling is included in order to predict the correct electronic properties and splitting of 4f states of the rare earth elements is also incorporated. We calculated Bulk modulus, shear modulus, Young's modulus, anisotropic ratio, Kleinman parameters, Poisson's ratio, Lame's co-efficient, sound velocities for shear and longitudinal waves, and Debye temperature. We also predict the Cauchy pressure and B/G ratio in order to explore the ductile and brittle behaviors of these compounds.

  16. Effect Of EDTA On Luminescence Property Of Eu{sup +3} Doped YPO{sub 4} Nanoparticles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parchur, A. K.; Okram, G. S.; Singh, R. A.; Tewari, R.; Pradhan, Lina; Vatsa, R. K.; Ningthoujam, R. S.

    2010-12-01

    Nanoparticles of Eu{sup 3+} doped YPO{sub 4} have been prepared using ethylene glycol (EG). Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) is used as a complexing agent. X-ray diffraction results show that the nanoparticles are crystalline in tetragonal structure. Based on William-Hall relation, the effective crystallite size and strain developed in lattice are found to be 28 nm and 0.002, respectively. With the addition of EDTA, there is a slight shift towards the lower wavelength in emission peaks. Asymmetric ratio of electric to magnetic dipole transition intensities are found to decrease with addition of EDTA. Emission intensity decreases with EDTA because of decrease of particle size as well as decrease of number of Eu{sup 3+} activators per unit volume. These materials are dispersible in water, which may have potential biological applications.

  17. Synthesis and characterization of spherical ZrO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphors by spray pyrolysis process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quan, Z.W.; Wang, L.S.; Lin, J. . E-mail: jlin@ns.ciac.jl.cn

    2005-05-18

    Europium doped zirconia (ZrO{sub 2}:Eu{sup 3+}) powder phosphors consisting of spherical, dense and submicrometer size particles were successfully synthesized by a spray drying process followed by a post annealing treatment process. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA), scanning electron microscope (SEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectra as well as lifetimes were utilized to characterize the prepared samples. The results of XRD indicated that the samples began to crystallize at 500 deg. C, and the crystallinity increased with increasing the annealing temperature. The powders with metastable tetragonal symmetry were obtained at relatively low temperature. The effects of annealing temperature, the Eu{sup 3+} concentration as well as the morphology on the PL intensity were investigated in this work.

  18. Secretary Ernest Moniz Testimony before the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Foreign Affairs Committee Washington, DC July 23, 2015 Chairman Corker, Ranking Member Cardin and Members of the Committee, thank you for the opportunity to discuss the historic Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the E3/EU+3 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the European Union, and the United States) and Iran. The JCPOA prevents Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, provides strong verification measures that give us ample time to respond if Iran chose to

  19. Structural and magnetic phase transitions inEuTi1-xNbxO3

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, Ling; Morris, James R.; Koehler, Michael R.; Dun, Zhiling; Zhou, Haidong; Yan, Jiaqiang; Mandrus, David; Keppens, Veerle

    2015-07-30

    We have investigated the structural and magnetic phase transitions in EuTi1-xNbxO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) with synchrotron powder x-ray diffraction, resonant ultrasound spectroscopy, and magnetization measurements. Upon Nb doping, the Pm3¯m ↔ I4/mcm structural transition shifts to higher temperatures and the room temperature lattice parameter increases while the magnitude of the octahedral tilting decreases. In addition, Nb substitution for Ti destabilizes the antiferromagnetic ground state of the parent compound and long-range ferromagnetic order is observed in the samples with x ≥ 0.1. The structural transition in pure and doped compounds is marked by a dramatic steplike softening of themore » elastic moduli near TS , which resembles that of SrTiO3 and can be adequately modeled using the Landau free energy model employing the same coupling between strain and octahedral tilting order parameter as previously used to model SrTiO3.« less

  20. Pressure-enhanced superconductivity in Eu3Bi2S4F4

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Luo, Yongkang; Zhai, Hui -Fei; Zhang, Pan; Xu, Zhu -An; Cao, Guang -Han; Thompson, J. D.

    2014-12-17

    The pressure effect on the newly discovered charge-transferred BiS2-based superconductor, Eu3Bi2S4F4, with a Tc of 1.5 K at ambient pressure, is investigated by transport and magnetic measurements. Accompanied with the enhancement of metallicity under pressures, the onset superconducting transition temperature increases abruptly around 1.0 GPa, reaching ~10.0 K at 2.26 GPa. Alternating current magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that a new superconducting phase with a higher Tc emerges and dominates at high pressures. In the broad pressure window of 0.68GPa≤p≤2.00 GPa, the high-Tc phase coexists with the low-Tc phase. Hall effect measurements reveal a significant difference in electronic structures between themore » two superconducting phases. As a result, our work devotes the effort to establish the commonality of pressure effect on the BiS2-based superconductors, and also uncovers the importance of electron carrier density in the high-Tc phase.« less

  1. Measurement of the 3s1/2-3p3/2 resonance line of sodiumlike Eu52+

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Trbert, E.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Hell, N.; Brown, G. V.

    2015-08-20

    We have measured the 3s1/2-3p3/2 transition in sodiumlike Eu52+ situated at 41.232 with an uncertainty of 73 ppm. Our measurement extends previous high-precision measurements into the 561/2-3p3/2 and 3p1/2-3d3/2 transitions in the neighboring magnesiumlike, aluminumlike, and siliconlike europium ions.

  2. Strategies for development and CO2 abatement in China`s power industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ying, R.

    1996-12-31

    Chinese Government has set a series sustainable energy development policies and strategies to alleviate atmospheric pollution and to mitigate the CO2 emission. Some major policies and measures that will be emphasized in China`s power industrial development will be addressed in this paper.

  3. Giant magnetocaloric effect in magnetoelectric Eu{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}TiO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubi, Km; Kumar, Pawan; Maheswar Repaka, D. V.; Chen, Ruofan; Wang, Jian-Sheng; Mahendiran, R.

    2014-01-20

    We report the magnetic entropy change (ΔS{sub m}) in magnetoelectric Eu{sub 1-x}Ba{sub x}TiO{sub 3} for 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.9. We find −ΔS{sub m} = 11 (40) J/kg·K in x = 0.1 for a field change of 1 (5) T, respectively, which is the largest value among all Eu-based oxides. ΔS{sub m} arises from the field-induced suppression of the spin entropy of Eu{sup 2+}:4f{sup 7} localized moments. While ∣−ΔS{sub m}∣ decreases with increasing x, ∣−ΔS{sub m}∣ = 6.58 J/kg·K observed in the high spin diluted composition x = 0.9 is larger than that in many manganites. Our results indicate that these magnetoelectrics are potential candidates for cryogenic magnetic refrigeration.

  4. Utilization of native oxygen in Eu(RE)-doped GaN for enabling device compatibility in optoelectronic applications

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Mitchell, Brandon; Timmerman, D.; Poplawsky, Jonathan D.; Zhu, W.; Lee, D.; Wakamatsu, R.; Takatsu, J.; Matsuda, M.; Guo, Wei; Lorenz, K.; et al

    2016-01-04

    The detrimental influence of oxygen on the performance and reliability of V/III nitride based devices is well known. However, the influence of oxygen on the nature of the incorporation of other co-dopants, such as rare earth ions, has been largely overlooked in GaN. Here, we report the first comprehensive study of the critical role that oxygen has on Eu in GaN, as well as atomic scale observation of diffusion and local concentration of both atoms in the crystal lattice. We find that oxygen plays an integral role in the location, stability, and local defect structure around the Eu ions thatmore » were doped into the GaN host. Although the availability of oxygen is essential for these properties, it renders the material incompatible with GaN-based devices. However, the utilization of the normally occurring oxygen in GaN is promoted through structural manipulation, reducing its concentration by 2 orders of magnitude, while maintaining both the material quality and the favorable optical properties of the Eu ions. Furthermore, these findings open the way for full integration of RE dopants for optoelectronic functionalities in the existing GaN platform.« less

  5. Bifunctional Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}nanocomposites obtained by the homogeneous precipitation method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, Hongxia; Cui, Bin; Wang, Yingsai

    2013-05-15

    Graphical abstract: The TEM images reveal clearly the coreshell structures because of the obvious difference in contrast between the central part and the fringe, which indicates the Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} layer had successfully deposited on the magnetite Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} cores. And Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} nanoparticles keep the spherical morphology, non-aggregation and rough surface. The images reveal that the average diameters of the Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} and Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} nanoparticles are ?200 nm and ?250 nm, respectively. The thickness of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} layer is ?25 nm. Highlights: ? Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocomposites were synthesized by homogeneous precipitation method. ? Formation of coreshell nanostructure revealed by transmission electron microscopy. ? Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}@Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} nanocomposites showed magnetic behavior and fluorescence properties. ? Possible applications including bioseparation, drug delivery system, bio-labels, etc. - Abstract: An easy homogeneous precipitation method was developed for the synthesis of bifunctional magnetic-fluorescent nanocomposites with Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanoparticles as the core and europium-doped gadolinium oxide (Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}) as the shell. The nanocomposites showed both strong magnetic behavior and unique Eu-related fluorescence properties with a high emission intensity, which may lead to development of nanocomposites with great potential for applications in drug targeting, biosensors, and diagnostic analysis.

  6. Luminescence properties of ZrW{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu{sup 3+} nanophosphors for white light emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liao, Jinsheng Liu, Shaohua; Wen, He-Rui; Nie, Liling; Zhong, Laifu

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Eu{sup 3+} ions occupy C{sub 1} point group of the Zr{sup 4+} site in ZrW{sub 2}O{sub 8} crystals. • The optimum doping concentration of Eu{sup 3+} was determined for the red emission. • ZrW{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu possess high quantum efficiency and suitable chromaticity coordinates. - Abstract: ZrW{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu{sup 3+} nanophosphors (ca. 60 nm) with different Eu{sup 3+} doping concentrations were obtained using hydrothermal syntheses. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra as well as decay curve measurements were used for the characterization. Under 466 nm excitation, strong red emission at 616 nm corresponding to {sup 5}D{sub 0}–{sup 7}F{sub 2} transition of Eu{sup 3+} was observed for ZrW{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu{sup 3+} (9 mol%) phosphors. The values of intensity parameter Ω{sub 2} and Ω{sub 4} are 17.82 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2} and 1.092 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}, respectively. The high quantum efficiency of 83.5% of the ZrW{sub 2}O{sub 8}:Eu{sup 3+} (9 mol%) suggests this material could be promising red phosphor for generating white light in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (LED)

  7. DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release DOC-DOE China Mission Announcement Press Release (34.5 KB) More Documents & Publications DOC-DOE Joint China Mission Statement China 2015 Business Development Mission Marketing Flyer DOE-LPO_Email-Update_001_Through_11

  8. National laboratory technical exchanges with institutions and laboratories in the newly independent states of the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Preszler, A.M.

    1994-07-01

    In March, 1992, the Department of Energy and the State Department established guidelines to encourage and direct laboratory-to-laboratory (lab-to-lab) cooperation with institutes in the newly independent states (NIS) of the former Soviet Union. As a nonproliferation effort, the cooperative activities focus on the need to prevent emigration of weapons scientists to potentially proliferant states and organizations. The objective is to encourage joint projects/contracts in non-weapons-related areas in order to provide meaningful work, commensurate with scientific capabilities, that will reduce economic pressures for emigration and assist in the development of a market economy. In addition, by encouraging Western science's philosophy of openness, peer reviews and publishing, the cooperative projects improve the transparency of weapons laboratories in the former Soviet Union. Technical collaborations are rapidly increasing in number and are fostering US industrial participation. Since the initial technical exchanges in October of 1992, lab-to-lab interactions resulted in more than 200 contracts, totaling more than $5 million, and involving more than 40 institutes in Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Belarus.

  9. H. R. 1948: A Bill to reduce the threat from nuclear facilities located in the former Soviet Union. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, April 29, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    This bill gives the President a directive to establish a program to reduce the environmental and national security threats from nuclear facilities located in the former Soviet Union.

  10. Luminescent properties of Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} and its potential application in white light emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Zhijun; Li, Panlai; Li, Ting; Zhang, Xing; Li, Qingxuan; Yang, Zhiping; Guo, Qinglin

    2013-06-01

    Graphical abstract: Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} phosphor can be effectively excited by an ultraviolet and near-ultraviolet light, and produce a bright blue emission centered at 436 nm. The CIE chromaticity coordinations (x, y) of Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}(NSCE)/Li{sub 2}SrSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}(LSSE) vary with the molar ratio of the two constituents. When NSCE/LSSE is 1:3, the CIE chromaticity coordination is (0.332, 0.346), which is close to that of the natural sunlight (0.33, 0.33). The results indicate that Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} may be a promising blue phosphor for UV chip-based multi-phosphor converted white light emitting diodes. Highlights: ? Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} shows the blue emission with a peak at 436 nm and broad excitation band in the UV/n-UV range. ? White light with CIE coordinates (0.332, 0.346) is generated by mixing the blue phosphor with the Li{sub 2}SrSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} yellow phosphor. ? Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} would be a promising blue phosphor candidate for UV chip-based multi-phosphor converted white LEDs. - Abstract: A novel blue phosphor Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} is synthesized by a high temperature solid-state reaction, and its luminescent properties are systematically studied. Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} can be effectively excited by the 354 nm radiation, and create blue emission (436 nm). The emission intensity of Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} is influenced by the Eu{sup 2+} doping content, and the optimal doping content is 1.5%, and the concentration quenching mechanism of Eu{sup 2+} in Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4} can be attributed to the multipolar interaction. The white light with CIE coordinates (0.332, 0.346) is generated by mixing the blue phosphor Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} with the yellow phosphor Li{sub 2}SrSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+}. The results indicate that Na{sub 2}CaSiO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 2+} may be a potential blue emitting phosphor for UV chip-based multi

  11. India's Energy [In]Security and Growing Competition from China...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    India's Energy InSecurity and Growing Competition from China Citation Details In-Document Search Title: India's Energy InSecurity and Growing Competition from China You are ...

  12. Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to China (Million Cubic...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    to China (Million Cubic Feet) Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to China (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 1,127 - No Data ...

  13. Secretary Chu will Travel to China to Highlight Clean Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will travel to China from May 24th to 28th to highlight the benefit of U.S.-China partnerships and cooperation in the clean energy ...

  14. China National Nuclear Corp CNNC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nuclear Corp CNNC Jump to: navigation, search Name: China National Nuclear Corp (CNNC) Place: Beijing, China Zip: 100822 Product: The goal of CNNC is to achieve self-reliance in...

  15. Category:Solar Power in China | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. A All Solar PV C China Guangdong Nuclear Power Company China Guodian Corporation Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  16. GE Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China | GE Global...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China Click to email this to a friend (Opens in ... GE Develops High Water Recovery Technology in China Technology aims to boost development ...

  17. D1 Oils China Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: D1 Oils China Ltd Place: Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China Product: Chengdu-based joint venture between D1 Oils and Sichuan Yangtze River...

  18. Xi'an, China: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Xi'an, China: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Xi'an, China Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 1790630 Coordinates 34.258333, 108.928611 Show Map Loading...

  19. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Shouxian, China...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    in China In a complex ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) deployment, monitoring data was collected ... Measurements obtained at all the AMF sites during the 8-month deployment in China will ...

  20. Readout on Secretary Chu's China Meetings on Clean Energy | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    15, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis BEIJING, CHINA - Secretary Chu is meeting with a series of Chinese officials during this week's trip to China. We will be providing readouts on these...

  1. NREL Signs Agreement With China's National Utility - News Releases | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Signs Agreement With China's National Utility Scope of MOU Covers Coordination on Research Projects September 11, 2015 Representatives of the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and China's State Grid Energy Research Institute today signed a first-ever memorandum of understanding between the two organizations. The State Grid Energy Research Institute (SGERI), located in Beijing, is a subsidiary of China's national utility, State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC).

  2. U.S. - China Energy Cooperation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - China Energy Cooperation U.S. - China Energy Cooperation May 22, 2007 - 1:24pm Addthis We are committed to a number of bilateral efforts in which our nations are already engaged, including: The U.S.-China Energy Policy Dialogue (EPD) - United States-China Energy Policy Dialogue was established between DOE and the National Development and Reform Commission in May 2004, to facilitate policy-level bilateral exchanges of views on energy security, economic issues as well as energy technology

  3. Bejing Shanghai Xianghe Taihu Shouxian CHINA Lanzhou Zhangye

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DESERT * LOW HILLS * PLATEAU *MTNS Bejing Shanghai Xianghe Taihu Shouxian CHINA Lanzhou Zhangye Primary Site Supplemental Site Ancillary Sites

  4. Clean coal. U.S.-China cooperation in energy security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, D.

    2008-05-15

    This work discusses how coal fits into the strategies of the USA and China to attain energy security while avoiding adverse environmental impacts. It begins by describing China's policy choices for clean coal, before discussing the implications of a clean coal strategy for China. The U.S. choices in a coal-based strategy of energy security is then covered. Finally, a joint US-China clean coal strategy, including the technology sharing option, is discussed.

  5. Progress and Effect of Energy-Saving Standards in China

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Information about the development of energy-saving standards in China, results of standards, and work highlights.

  6. Building Clean Energy Partnerships With China and Japan | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Clean Energy Partnerships With China and Japan Building Clean Energy Partnerships With China and Japan November 15, 2010 - 12:54pm Addthis Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy This week (November 14th-19th), I will be traveling to China and Japan to meet with government officials, business leaders and others to discuss the opportunities for partnership in clean energy - partnerships that are important to America's economic competitiveness. China and Japan have made

  7. China shows increasing interest in heavy oil and oil sands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-12-01

    China and Canadian and US groups are cooperating in several areas to develop the heavy oil, asphalt, and oil sand deposits of China. The agreements dealing with exploration and upgrading are briefly described. The majority of the paper describes the occurrences of heavy oil, asphalt, and oil sands in China. 1 figure.

  8. China energy databook. Revision 2, 1992 edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sinton, J.E.; Levine, M.D.; Liu, Feng; Davis, W.B.; Jiang Zhenping; Zhuang Xing; Jiang Kejun; Zhou Dadi

    1993-06-01

    The Energy Analysis Program at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) first became involved in Chinese energy issues through a joint China-US symposium on markets and demand for energy held in Nanjing in November of 1988. Discovering common interests, EAP began to collaborate on projects with the Energy Research Institute of China`s State Planning Commission. In the course of this work it became clear that a major issue in the furtherance of our research was the acquisition of reliable data. In addition to other, more focused activities-evaluating programs of energy conservation undertaken in China and the prospects for making Chinese industries more energy-efficient, preparing historical reviews of energy supply and demand in the People`s Republic of China, sponsoring researchers from China to work with experts at LBL on such topics as energy efficiency standards for buildings, adaptation of US energy analysis software to Chinese conditions, and transportation issues, we decided to compile, assess, and organize Chinese energy data. We are hopeful that this volume will not only help us in our work, but help build a broader community of Chinese energy policy studies within the US. In order to select appropriate data from what was available we established several criteria. Our primary interest was to use the data to help understand the historical evolution and likely future of the Chinese energy system. A primary criterion was thus that the data relate to the structure of energy supply and demand in the past and indicate probable developments (e.g., as indicated by patterns of investment). Other standards were accuracy, consistency with other information, and completeness of coverage. This is not to say that all the data presented herein are accurate, consistent, and complete, but where discrepancies and omissions do occur we have tried to note them.

  9. Precambrian oil and gas in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sisheng Hao; Guangdi Liu

    1989-03-01

    Abundant Precambrian oil and gas occurring mainly in two large basins, Sichuan basin in southwestern China and Bohai Bay basin in northern China, account for a considerable portion of the reserves and production in China. The Precambrian producing formations are all carbonates. Weiyuan gas field in Sichuan basin is one of the large gas fields in China. Its gas is produced primarily from the dolomite of the Dengying Formation (Sinian System) and was generated chiefly in the algal dolomite of the same system. However, a deeper origin for the gas cannot be ruled out. Renqiu oil field in Bohai Bay basin, a buried-hill oil field, is also one of the largest oil fields in China. The oil is produced primarily from the dolomite of the Wumishan Formation of the middle-upper Proterozoic and was generated chiefly in the Oligocene Shahejie Formation. It is also possible that the oil was partly sourced by middle-upper Proterozoic rocks. In addition, many oil and gas shows have been found in the middle-upper Proterozoic of the Yanshan fold-belt at the northern margin of the Bohai Bay basin. According to an organic geochemical study, the middle-upper Proterozoic in the area has a good potential for hydrocarbon generation, and formation conditions for indigenous hydrocarbon accumulation should exist in the Bohai Bay basin and nearby Yanshan foldbelt. From the analyses of hydrocarbon generation, reservoir, cap rock, trapping, and preservation, the presentation systematically describes the petroleum geological features and hydrocarbon prospects of the Precambrian in China.

  10. Methane recovery from landfill in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaolai, L.

    1996-12-31

    GEF has approved a special project for a demonstration project for Methane Recovery from the Urban Refuse Land Fill. This paper will introduce the possibility of GHG reduction from the landfill in China, describe the activities of the GEF project, and the priorities for international cooperation in this field. The Global Environment Facility (GEF) approved the project, China Promoting Methane Recovery and Unlization from Mixed Municipal Refuse, at its Council meeting in last April. This project is the first one supported by international organization in this field.

  11. Comparative study of optical and structural properties of electrospun 1-dimensional CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} nanofibers and bulk phosphor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yim, Chul Jin; Unithrattil, Sanjith; Chung, Woon Jin; Im, Won Bin

    2014-09-15

    We report the optical and structural studies of Eu{sup 3+}-doped 1-dimensional CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7} nano-fiber phosphor. CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphors were synthesized by electrospinning technique and the pristine nano-fibers were annealed at 900 C to form well crystallized uniform fibers. Under ultraviolet excitation, the CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} exhibited red emission, due to transitions in the 4f states of Eu{sup 3+}. In order to explore the difference between the quantum efficiency of nano-fiber and bulk CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} phosphor, detailed structural and optical analyses were carried out. The structural analysis of the CaYAl{sub 3}O{sub 7}:Eu{sup 3+} nano-fibers indicates that the structural environment surrounding the dopant Eu{sup 3+} ion was more unstable in nano-fiber when compared to a bulk sample. Decay curves for both the samples when fitted with double exponential decay model indicate that the nano-fiber has shorter decay time, arising from the larger contribution from the non-radiative decay, due to defect levels introduced in the host lattice. - Highlights: Synthesis of red nano-phosphor through electrospinning Luminescence properties of bulk and nano-phosphors are compared. Inferior emission intensity of the nano-phosphor is analyzed using MEM. Charge cloud around nano-phosphor was found to be oblique.

  12. Bridgman Growth of Large SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystals: A High-performance Scintillator for Radiation Detection Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boatner, Lynn A; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine; Kolopus, James A; Hawrami, Rastgo; Higgins, William; Van Loef, Edgar; Glodo, J.; Shah, Kanai; Bhattacharya, P.; Tupitsyn, E; Groza, Michael; Burger, Arnold

    2013-01-01

    Single-crystal strontium iodide (SrI2) doped with relatively high levels (e.g., 3 - 6 %) of Eu2+ exhibits characteristics that make this material superior, in a number of respects, to other scintillators that are currently used for radiation detection. Specifically, SrI2:Eu2+ has a light yield that is significantly higher than LaBr3:Ce3+ -a currently employed commercial high-performance scintillator. Additionally, SrI2:Eu2+ is characterized by an energy resolution as high as 2.6% at the 137Cs gamma-ray energy of 662 keV, and there is no radioactive component in SrI2:Eu2+ - unlike LaBr3:Ce3+ that contains 138La. The Ce3+-doped LaBr3 decay time is, however, faster (30 nsec) than the 1.2 sec decay time of SrI2:Eu2+. Due to the relatively low melting point of strontium iodide (~515 oC), crystal growth can be carried out in quartz crucibles by the vertical Bridgman technique. Materials-processing and crystal-growth techniques that are specific to the Bridgman growth of europium-doped strontium iodide scintillators are described here. These techniques include the use of a porous quartz frit to physically filter the molten salt from a quartz antechamber into the Bridgman growth crucible and the use of a bent or bulb grain selector design to suppress multiple grain growth. Single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+ scintillators with good optical quality and scintillation characteristics have been grown in sizes up to 5.0 cm in diameter by applying these techniques. Other aspects of the SrI2:Eu2+ crystal-growth methods and of the still unresolved crystal-growth issues are described here.

  13. Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} glass ceramic films: Synthesis, structural and spectroscopic studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrera Jota, M.L.; Garca Murillo, A.; Morales Ramrez, A. de J.; Rosa Cruz, E. de la; Kassiba, Abdelhadi

    2014-03-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}@SiO{sub 2} films were synthesized by solgel and by dip-coating technique. Effects of incorporating PVP on structural properties were studied. Effects of incorporating silica (SiO{sub 2}) luminescence characteristics were analyzed. X-ray diffraction results showed that Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}@SiO{sub 2} crystallizes at 700 C. The 611 nm emission for the Lu:Si = 8:1 system presented an improvement. - Abstract: For the first time, transparent and crack free europium-doped lutetia silica solgel films were synthesized using the dip-coating technique on silica quartz substrates. In this study, we examined the effects of incorporating polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and silica (SiO{sub 2}) into different precursor solutions for different LuSi molar ratios: 4:1, 6:1, 8:1 and 10:1. Different systems, such as Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}@SiO{sub 2} (using the above Lu:Si molar ratios), were synthesized by solgel and by dip-coating technique, employing acetylacetonate lutetium and tetraethylorthosilicate as Lu and Si precursors, in order to produce Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+} (5 mol%)@SiO{sub 2} glassceramic films. The film microstructure was studied by microRaman spectroscopy (MRS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) for different Lu:Si molar ratios on films annealed at 700 C. X-ray diffraction results showed that the lutetium oxide cubic phase crystallizes in the silica matrix at 700 C, and the crystallite size of Lu{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}@SiO{sub 2} films varies from 5 nm to 17 nm according to the respective Lu:Si molar ratios. Opto-geometrical parameters determined by m-lines spectroscopy using a 632.5 nm HeNe laser showed that the Eu{sup 3+} doped films heat-treated at 700 C presented a thickness and density of 1.7 ?m (8.8 g cm{sup ?3}), 970 nm (9.2 g cm{sup ?3}), 1 ?m (9.3 g cm{sup ?3}) and 1.3 ?m (9.25 g cm{sup ?3}) for the Lu:Si = 4:1, 6:1, 8:1 and 10:1 molar ratio systems, respectively

  14. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, Nathaniel; Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina

    2009-07-01

    This study analyzes China's coal industry by focusing on four related areas. First, data are reviewed to identify the major drivers of historical and future coal demand. Second, resource constraints and transport bottlenecks are analyzed to evaluate demand and growth scenarios. The third area assesses the physical requirements of substituting coal demand growth with other primary energy forms. Finally, the study examines the carbon- and environmental implications of China's past and future coal consumption. There are three sections that address these areas by identifying particular characteristics of China's coal industry, quantifying factors driving demand, and analyzing supply scenarios: (1) reviews the range of Chinese and international estimates of remaining coal reserves and resources as well as key characteristics of China's coal industry including historical production, resource requirements, and prices; (2) quantifies the largest drivers of coal usage to produce a bottom-up reference projection of 2025 coal demand; and (3) analyzes coal supply constraints, substitution options, and environmental externalities. Finally, the last section presents conclusions on the role of coal in China's ongoing energy and economic development. China has been, is, and will continue to be a coal-powered economy. In 2007 Chinese coal production contained more energy than total Middle Eastern oil production. The rapid growth of coal demand after 2001 created supply strains and bottlenecks that raise questions about sustainability. Urbanization, heavy industrial growth, and increasing per-capita income are the primary interrelated drivers of rising coal usage. In 2007, the power sector, iron and steel, and cement production accounted for 66% of coal consumption. Power generation is becoming more efficient, but even extensive roll-out of the highest efficiency units would save only 14% of projected 2025 coal demand for the power sector. A new wedge of future coal consumption is

  15. With a bloody union jack on top: The first generation British atomic deterrent. Master`s thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaplan, E.A.

    1995-09-20

    Britain constructed an atomic deterrent to influence both the United States and Soviet Union. The process of research and development was both long and difficult. The atomic bomb, first tested in 1952, was a remarkable success. By comparison, the delivery device, the V-bomber, was a failure. While the aircraft produced were excellent, they were deployed too late in too few numbers to be effective in an independent role. Only as part of a larger offensive with the Strategic Air Command could they make a valuable contribution. However, the program`s military failure was offset by its political success. Reopened atomic relations with the United States strengthened British security by providing London with the most modern nuclear weapons and delivery systems.

  16. Comparative Gamma Spectroscopy with SrI2(Eu), GYGAG(Ce) and Bi-loaded Plastic Scintillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cherepy, N J

    2010-11-19

    We are developing new scintillator materials that offer potential for high resolution gamma ray spectroscopy at low cost. Single crystal SrI{sub 2}(Eu) offers {approx}3% resolution at 662 keV, in sizes of {approx}1 in{sup 3}. We have developed ceramics processing technology allowing us to achieve cubic inch scale transparent ceramic scintillators offering gamma spectroscopy performance superior to NaI(Tl). We fabricated a bismuth-loaded plastic scintillator that demonstrates energy resolution of {approx}8% at 662 keV in small sizes. Gamma ray spectroscopy can be used to identify the presence of weak radioactive sources within natural background. The ability to discriminate close-lying spectral lines is strongly dependent upon the energy resolution of the detector. In addition to excellent energy resolution, large volume detectors are needed to acquire sufficient events, for example, to identify a radioactive anomaly moving past a detector. We have employed a 'directed search' methodology for identifying potential scintillator materials candidates, resulting in the discovery of Europium-doped Strontium Iodide, SrI{sub 2}(Eu), Cerium-doped Gadolinium Garnet, GYGAG(Ce), and Bismuth-loaded Polymers. These scintillators possess very low self-radioactivity, offer energy resolution of 3-8% at 662 keV, and have potential to be grown cost-effectively to sizes similar to the most widely deployed gamma spectroscopy scintillator, Thallium-doped Sodium Iodide, NaI(Tl). In this study, gamma ray spectra of a variety of sources, were obtained employing SrI{sub 2}(Eu), GYGAG(Ce), Bi-loaded polymers, LaBr{sub 3}(Ce), and NaI(Tl). The effects of detector size, energy resolution, and background radioactivity (including self-radioactivity) on the ability to distinguish weak sources is quantified, based on a simple model, and qualitatively compared to laboratory data.

  17. U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    China Strategic Economic Dialogue | Department of Energy Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue December 12, 2007 - 4:44pm Addthis Marks Third U.S. -China Agreement to Advance Energy Security Reached This Year BEIJING, CHINA - The U.S. Departments of Energy (DOE) and Agriculture (USDA) and China's National Development and Reform

  18. Conference-EC-US Task Force Joint US-EU Workshop on Metabolomics and Environmental Biotechnology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PI: Lily Y. Young Co-PI: Gerben J. Zylstra

    2009-06-04

    Since 1990, the EC-US Task Force on Biotechnology Research has been coordinating transatlantic efforts to guide and exploit the ongoing revolution in biotechnology and the life sciences. The Task Force was established in June 1990 by the European Commission and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. The Task Force has acted as an effective forum for discussion, coordination, and development of new ideas for the last 18 years. Task Force members are European Commission and US Government science and technology administrators who meet annually to enhance communication across the Atlantic, and to encourage collaborative research. Through sponsoring workshops, and other activities, the Task Force also brings together scientific leaders and early career researchers from both sides of the Atlantic to forecast research challenges and opportunities and to promote better links between researchers. Over the years, by keeping a focus on the future of science, the Task Force has played a key role in establishing a diverse range of emerging scientific fields, including biodiversity research, neuroinformatics, genomics, nanobiotechnology, neonatal immunology, transkingdom molecular biology, biologically-based fuels, and environmental biotechnology. The EC-US Task Force has sponsored a number of Working Groups on topics of mutual transatlantic interest. The idea to create a Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology research was discussed in the Task Force meeting of October 1993. The EC-US Working Group on Environmental Biotechnology set as its mission 'To train the next generation of leaders in environmental biotechnology in the United States and the European Union to work collaboratively across the Atlantic.' Since 1995, the Working Group supported three kinds of activities, all of which focus one early career scientists: (1) Workshops on the use of molecular methods and genomics in environmental biotechnology; (2) Short courses with theoretical, laboratory

  19. Measurement of the 3s1/2-3p3/2 resonance line of sodiumlike Eu52+

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Träbert, E.; Beiersdorfer, P.; Hell, N.; Brown, G. V.

    2015-08-20

    We have measured the 3s1/2-3p3/2 transition in sodiumlike Eu52+ situated at 41.232 Å with an uncertainty of 73 ppm. Our measurement extends previous high-precision measurements into the 56< Z< 78 range of atomic numbers. We also present measurements of 3s1/2-3p3/2 and 3p1/2-3d3/2 transitions in the neighboring magnesiumlike, aluminumlike, and siliconlike europium ions.

  20. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:RE{sup 3+} (RE = Eu, Sm, Tb) phosphor for white LED application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hou, Jingshan; CAS Key Laboratory of Materials for Energy Conversion, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050; College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 ; Yin, Xin; College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 ; Huang, Fuqiang; College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871 ; Jiang, Weizhong

    2012-06-15

    Highlights: ► NaLa{sub 1−x}MgWO{sub 6}:xRE{sup 3+} phosphors were synthesized by solid-state reaction method. ► Compared with Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}, NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:Eu{sup 3+} performed better luminescence properties. ► The results demonstrated NaLaMgWO{sub 6} as a suitable host for RE{sup 3+}-doping. -- Abstract: Single phase of NaLa{sub 1−x}MgWO{sub 6}:xRE{sup 3+} (0 < x ≤1) (RE = Eu, Sm, Tb) phosphors were prepared by solid-state reaction method. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, the morphology energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectra and photoluminescence were used to characterize the samples. Under the light excitation, NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:Eu{sup 3+}, NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:Sm{sup 3+} and NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:Tb{sup 3+}, phosphors showed the characteristic emissions of Eu{sup 3+} ({sup 5}D{sub 0} → {sup 7}F{sub 4,3,2,1}), Sm{sup 3+} ({sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 5/2,7/2,9/2}), and Tb{sup 3+} ({sup 5}D{sub 4} → {sup 7}F{sub 6,5,4,3}), respectively. The intensity of the red emission for Na(La{sub 0.6}Eu{sub 0.4})MgWO{sub 6} is 2.5 times higher than that of (Y{sub 0.95}Eu{sub 0.05}){sub 2}O{sub 3} under blue light irradiation. The quantum efficiencies of the entitled phosphors excited under 394 nm and 464 nm are also investigated and compared with commercial phosphors Y{sub 2}O{sub 3}:Eu{sup 3+}, Sr{sub 2}Si{sub 5}N{sub 8}:Eu{sup 2+} and Y{sub 3}A{sub 5}G{sub 12}:Ce{sup 3+}. The results demonstrated NaLaMgWO{sub 6}:RE{sup 3+} phosphors as potential candidates for white light emitting diode pumped by UV or blue chip.

  1. Sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent Ln2O3:Eu3+ (Y, La, Gd) nanocrystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alammar, Tarek; Cybinska, Joanna; Campbell, Paul S.; Mudring, Anja -Verena

    2015-05-12

    In this study, sonication of Ln(CH3COO)3·H2O, Eu(CH3COO)3·H2O and NaOH dissolved in the ionic liquid-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonylamide lead to Ln(OH)3:Eu (Ln: Gd, La, Y) nanoparticles. Subsequent calcination at 800 °C for 3 h allowed to obtain Ln2O3:Eu nanopowders. Gd2O3 and Y2O3 were obtained in the C-type lanthanide sequioxide structure, whereas La2O3 crystallized in the A-type. Structure, morphology, and luminescent properties of the nano-oxides were investigated by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dispersive X-ray (EDX), and photoluminescence (PL). SEM studies revealed that the synthesized Gd2O3:Eu, La2O3:Eu, and Y2O3:Eu formed nano-spindle, -sheets, and -rods in shape, respectively. The nanoscale materials show very efficient red emission due to the intraconfigurational f–f transitions of Eu3+. The quantum yields for Ln2O3:Eu (5%) were determined to be 4.2% for Ln=Gd, 13.8% for Ln=Y and 5.2% for Ln=La. The asymmetric ratio I02/I01 of Eu3+ varies from 5.3 for Gd2O3, to 5.6 for Y2O3 to 6.5 for La2O3, which increased the color chromaticity.

  2. Mitigation assessment results and priorities in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu Zongxin; Wei Zhihong

    1996-12-31

    In this paper energy related CO2 emission projections of China by 2030 are given. CO2 mitigation potential and technology options in main fields of energy conservation and energy substitution are analyzed. CO2 reduction costs of main mitigation technologies are estimated and the AHP approach is used for helping assessment of priority technologies.

  3. Recent progress of spray drying in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jinxin, T.; Zonglian, W.; Lixin, H.

    1999-10-01

    The development of spray drying technique during past 10 years of China is reviewed. Main achievements in research, development and utilization of three types of atomization are described and summarized. General trend of spray drying research and development in 21st century is forecasted.

  4. Luminescent properties of Eu{sup 2+}-doped BaGdF{sub 5} glass ceramics a potential blue phosphor for ultra-violet light-emitting diode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Weihuan; Zhang, Yuepin Ouyang, Shaoye; Zhang, Zhixiong; Wang, Qian; Xia, Haiping

    2015-01-14

    Eu{sup 2+} doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing BaGdF{sub 5} nanocrystals were successfully fabricated by melt-quenching technique under a reductive atmosphere. The structure of the glass and glass ceramics were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The luminescent properties were investigated by transmission, excitation, and emission spectra. The decay time of the Gd{sup 3+} ions at 312?nm excited with 275?nm were also investigated. The results of XRD and TEM indicated the existence of BaGdF5 nanocrystals in the transparent glass ceramics. The excitation spectra of Eu{sup 2+} doped glass ceramics showed an excellent overlap with the main emission region of an ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV-LED). Compared with the as-made glass, the emission of glass ceramics is much stronger by a factor of increasing energy transfer efficiency from Gd{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} ions, the energy transfer efficiency from Gd{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} ions was discussed. In addition, the chromaticity coordinates of glass and glass ceramics specimens were also discussed, which indicated that the Eu{sup 2+} doped BaGdF{sub 5} glass ceramics may be used as a potential blue-emitting phosphor for UV-LED.

  5. Enhanced photoluminescence of SrWO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} red phosphor synthesized by mechanochemically assisted solid state metathesis reaction method at room temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter, Anthuvan John Banu, I. B. Shameem

    2015-06-24

    Optically efficient europium activated alkaline earth metal tungstate nano phosphor (SrWO{sub 4}) with different doping concentrations have been synthesized by mechanochemically assisted solid state metathesis reaction at room temperature for the first time. The XRD and Raman spectra results indicated that the prepared powders exhibit a scheelite-type tetragonal structure. FTIR spectra exhibited a high absorption band situated at around 854 cm{sup −1}, which was ascribed to the W–O antisymmetric stretching vibrations into the [WO{sub 4}]{sup 2−} tetrahedron groups. Analysis of the emission spectra with different Eu{sup 3+} concentrations revealed that the optimum dopant concentration for SrWO{sub 4}: x Eu{sup 3+} phosphor is about 8 mol% of Eu{sup 3+}.The red emission intensity of the SSM prepared SrWO{sub 4}: 0.08Eu{sup 3+} phosphors are 2 times greater than that of the commercial Y{sub 2}O{sub 2}S: Eu{sup 3+} red phosphor prepared by the conventional solid state reaction method. All the results indicate that the phosphor is a promising red phosphor pumped by NUV InGaN chip for fabricating WLED.

  6. Secretary Chu and Energy Department Officials to Continue Post-State of the Union Efforts to Highlight Obama Administration’s Commitment to American Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman and other senior Energy Department officials will participate in events across the country to highlight President Obama’s State of the Union address and discuss the Obama Administration’s commitment to American energy.

  7. Analysis of beta-decay rates for Ag 108, Ba 133, Eu 152, Eu 154, Kr 85, Ra 226, and Sr 90, measured at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt from 1990 to 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sturrock, P. A.; Fischbach, E.; Jenkins, J.

    2014-10-10

    We present the results of an analysis of measurements of the beta-decay rates of Ag 108, Ba 133, Eu 152, Eu 154, Kr 85, Ra 226, and Sr 90 acquired at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt from 1990 through 1995. Although the decay rates vary over a range of 165 to 1 and the measured detector current varies over a range of 19 to 1, the detrended and normalized count rate measurements exhibit a sinusoidal annual variation with amplitude in the small range 0.068%-0.088% (mean 0.081%, standard deviation 0.0072%, a rejection of the zero-amplitude hypothesis) and phase-of-maximum in the small range 0.062-0.083 (January 23 to January 30). In comparing these results with those of other related experiments that yield different results, it may be significant that this experiment, at a standards laboratory, seems to be unique in using a 4π detector. These results are compatible with a solar influence, and do not appear to be compatible with an experimental or environmental influence. It is possible that Ba 133 measurements are also subject to a non-solar (possibly cosmic) influence.

  8. Investigation of intrinsic and extrinsic defects effective role on producing intense red emission in ZnO:Eu nanostructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Najafi, Mehrdad Haratizadeh, Hamid

    2015-05-15

    Highlights: • Effective role of defects on producing red emission at indirect excitation. • V{sub Zn} and V{sub O} defects have important role on energy transfer. • Mg related defects and Zn{sub i} defects were responsible for blue emission. • Extrinsic and intrinsic defects mediated energy transfer to sensitize Eu{sup 3+} ions. • Decrease of red emission because of diminishing in oxygen vacancy. - Abstract: Europium doped ZnO nanorads and nanosheets were synthesized by hydrothermal method. Effects of Mg doping, morphology and annealing in oxygen ambient on structural and optical properties of ZnO nanostructures were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analysis (PSA), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), differential thermo gravimetry (DTG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL). This study recommends that both of intrinsic and extrinsic defects facilitate energy transfer (ET) from the ZnO host to Eu{sup 3+} ions and consequently have efficient role on producing intense red emission at indirect excitation. The results also showed that annealing process improved the crystal structure of ZnO nanosheets due to decrease of surface defects; however decreased ET and red emission because of diminishing in oxygen vacancy. In addition in ZnO nanorods sample with more surface area in comparison with ZnO nanosheets sample deep level emissions are enhanced.

  9. Eu3+ as a dual probe for the determination of IL anion donor power: A combined luminescence spectroscopic and electrochemical approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babai, Arash; Kopiec, Gabriel; Lackmann, Anastasia; Mallick, Bert; Pitula, Slawomir; Tang, Sifu; Mudring, Anja-Verena

    2014-04-01

    This work is aimed at giving proof that Eu(Tf2N)(3) (Tf2N = bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide) can act as both an optical and electrochemical probe for the determination of the Lewis acidity of an ionic liquid anion. For that reason the luminescence spectra and cyclic voltammograms of dilute solutions of Eu(Tf2N)(3) in various ionic liquids were investigated. The Eu2+/3+ redox potential in the investigated ILs can be related to the Lewis basicity of the IL anion. The IL cation had little influence. The lower the determined halfwave potential, the higher the IL anion basicity. The obtained ranking can be confirmed by luminescence spectroscopy where a bathochromic shift of the D-5(0) -> F-7(4) transition indicates a stronger Lewis basicity of the IL anion. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  10. Investigations of Ba{sub 3}BP{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Eu{sup 2+} single crystal as a scintillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Zhi-Jun; Hu, Guan-Qin; Wang, Hong; Zhu, Lin-Lin; Zhao, Jing-Tai

    2014-04-01

    Highlights: • Eu{sup 2+}-activated Ba{sub 3}BP{sub 3}O{sub 12} single crystals have been grown by the top-seeded solution growth method (TSSG) for the first time. • Ba{sub 3}BP{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Eu{sup 2+} single crystal exhibits wide transparency in the wavelength range from 250 to 700 nm. • Ba{sub 3}BP{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Eu{sup 2+} single crystal shows high overall scintillation efficiency (1.8 times of BGO) and moderate decay time (860 ns). - Abstract: Single crystals of Ba{sub 3}BP{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Eu{sup 2+} with high optical quality have been grown by the top-seeded solution growth (TSSG) method using BPO{sub 4}–NaF mixture as the flux. Ba{sub 3}BP{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Eu{sup 2+} single crystal exhibits wide transparency in the wavelength range from 250 to 700 nm, and shows a broad emission band in the wavelength range of 350–650 nm when excited by X-ray radiation. The overall scintillation efficiency is about 1.8 times of that of BGO crystal under the same conditions. Its room temperature fluorescence decay curve exhibits a single-exponent shape with decay time of about 860 ns. It is worth noting that Ba{sub 3}BP{sub 3}O{sub 12}:Eu{sup 2+} single crystal may be of great interest for applications in the field of scintillation materials considering its scintillation properties, as well as the good chemical stability.

  11. Fiscal Year 2008 Phased Construction Completion Report for EU Z2-33 in Zone 2, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bechtel Jacobs

    2008-09-11

    The Record of Decision for Soil, Buried Waste, and Subsurface Structure Actions in Zone 2, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOE/OR/01-2161&D2) (Zone 2 ROD) acknowledged that most of the 800 acres in Zone 2 were contaminated, but that sufficient data to confirm the levels of contamination were lacking. The Zone 2 ROD further specified that a sampling strategy for filling the data gaps would be developed. The Remedial Design Report/Remedial Action Work Plan for Zone 2 Soils, Slabs, and Subsurface Structures, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOE/OR/01-2224&D3) (Zone 2 RDR/RAWP) defined the sampling strategy as the Dynamic Verification Strategy (DVS), generally following the approach used for characterization of the Zone 1 exposure units (EUs). The Zone 2 ROD divided the Zone 2 area into seven geographic areas and 44 EUs. To facilitate the data quality objectives (DQOs) of the DVS process, the Zone 2 RDR/RAWP regrouped the 44 EUs into 12 DQO scoping EU groups. These groups facilitated the DQO process by placing similar facilities and their support facilities together and allowing identification of data gaps. The EU groups were no longer pertinent after DQO planning was completed and characterization was conducted as areas became accessible. As the opportunity to complete characterization became available, the planned DVS program and remedial actions (RAs) were completed for EU Z2-33. Remedial action was also performed at two additional areas in adjacent EU Z2-42 because of their close proximity and similar nature to a small surface soil RA in EU Z2-33. Remedial actions for building slabs performed in EU Z2-33 during fiscal year (FY) 2007 were reported in the Fiscal Year 2007 Phased Construction Completion Report for the Zone 2 Soils, Slabs, and Subsurface Structures at East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOE/OR/01-2723&D1). Recommended RAs for EU Z2-42 were described in the Fiscal Year 2006 Phased Construction

  12. Model simulation of climate changes in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Ming; Fu Congbin

    1997-12-31

    At present there are a large amount of work about influence of human activities and industrization on global climate changes. But due to the non-homogeneous boundary layer between earth and atmosphere there exist distinct difference of climate changes between different regions. China locates in the cast edge of Eurasian continent and border on the Pacific Ocean, it is the most famous monsoon region in the world. Climate of this region is very complex not only because of monsoon but also because its complicated topography. Researches about climate change in this region arc far from adequate. For this reason we use the Australia CSIRO 9-level truncated spectral model to nest with our regional climate model to simulate climate changes of China under conditions of double co2. Models arc running continuously for three years in both conditions of present co2 level and double co2 ppm.

  13. Passive solar in China: traditional and new

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.; Balcomb, S.A.

    1986-04-01

    The authors' observations of a tradition of passive solar architecture in northern China are described. Tendencies for modern buildings to depart from this tradition are noted. Major passive solar research programs are discussed and experimental buildings are illustrated. It is concluded that the Chinese could realize a major advantage by combining their strong tradition of passive solar architecture with modern insulation methods and improved glazing systems.

  14. Secretary Chu To Travel to China and Japan | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    To Travel to China and Japan Secretary Chu To Travel to China and Japan November 5, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. -U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will travel to China ...

  15. U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic ...

  16. RFI - US-China Clean Energy Research Center | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    RFI - US-China Clean Energy Research Center PDF icon RFI - US-China Clean Energy Research Center More Documents & Publications China CERC, U.S. India and Other international ...

  17. US-China_Fact_Sheet_Electric_Vehicles.pdf | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ElectricVehicles.pdf US-ChinaFactSheetElectricVehicles.pdf US-ChinaFactSheetElectricVehicles.pdf More Documents & Publications THE WHITE HOUSE FACT SHEET: U.S.-China Clean...

  18. China WindPower Jilin Power Share JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    WindPower Jilin Power Share JV Jump to: navigation, search Name: China WindPower & Jilin Power Share JV Place: Jilin Province, China Sector: Wind energy Product: China-based...

  19. NNSA Transfers Responsibility for Radiation Detection System to China

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Customs | National Nuclear Security Administration | (NNSA) Transfers Responsibility for Radiation Detection System to China Customs January 13, 2015 SHANGHAI, CHINA - Today, the Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Principal Assistant Deputy Administrator for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (DNN), David Huizenga, participated in a ceremony commemorating the transition of a radiation detection system at the Port of Yangshan to the General Administration of Customs of China (GACC). This

  20. JPRS report -- Science technology, China: Energy, [December 3, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1992-12-03

    This report contains translations/transcriptions of articles and/or broadcasts from China on energy. Topics include: Tokyo, Beijing to start environment-friendly coal study; work speeded up to electrify counties; Yunnan grid facing serious power shortage; Asia`s largest plant planned for Sichuan; types of natural gas found in East China Sea; and vice president of China National Nuclear Corporation comments on expansion of nuclear industry.