National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for uniform traffic control

  1. Creating a Systems Engineering Approach for the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeal, Heather

    2010-07-14

    The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) establishes the basic principles for the design, selection, installation, operation, maintenance, and removal of traffic control devices (TCDs). The MUTCD indicates ...

  2. Intelligent Traffic Light Control Marco Wiering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    an adaptive optimization al- gorithm based on reinforcement learning. We have implemented a traffic light different traffic light controllers. Experimental results indicate that our adaptive traffic lightIntelligent Traffic Light Control Marco Wiering Jelle van Veenen Jilles Vreeken Arne Koopman

  3. History-based Traffic Control Gabriel Balan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López-Sánchez, Maite

    travel home, shouldn't traffic light controllers rec- ognize this fact and award you the green light@cs.gmu.edu Sean Luke George Mason University Fairfax, VA (USA) sean@cs.gmu.edu ABSTRACT What if traffic lights a vari- ety of multi-agent traffic light controllers which consider vehicles' past stopped

  4. Performance of Shared Buffer Switches Under NonUniform Traffic Pattern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    Performance of Shared Buffer Switches Under Non­Uniform Traffic Pattern Mahmoud Saleh Mohammed@cs.latrobe.edu.au ABSTRACT ATM switches based on shared buffering are known to have better performance and buffer uti­ lization than input or output queued switches. Al­ though shared buffer switches do not suffer from head

  5. Air Traffic Control Using Virtual Stationary Automata Matthew D. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Nancy

    Air Traffic Control Using Virtual Stationary Automata by Matthew D. Brown B.S., Massachusetts by . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arthur C. Smith Chairman, Department Committee on Graduate Students #12;Air Traffic Control Using Virtual of Engineering Abstract As air travel has become an essential part of modern life, the air traffic control system

  6. Evaluation of traffic signal controller transition methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Curtis Lloyd

    2000-01-01

    A coordinated signal system achieves the best traffic progression when the signal plans are optimized at the correct offsets and intervals. When traffic conditions change and a transition to a new timing plan is warranted, it is important to reach...

  7. Prediction of traffic flow for real-time control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandrasekaran, Priya

    1998-01-01

    The prediction of traffic flow on a network and the relationship of these flows to the traffic control signal settings are major factors in the development of an adaptive real-time signal system. PASSER IV is an arterial system optimization package...

  8. Internet Packet Transport: Traffic Control and Network Engineering \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Anurag

    Internet Packet Transport: Traffic Control and Network Engineering \\Lambda ANURAG KUMAR Dept. of Electrical Communication Engineering Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, 560 012 Abstract The Internet can of store­and­forward (also called elastic) traffic in the Internet. We first motivate the need for feedback

  9. Decision support systems for automated terminal area air traffic control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pararas, John Demetrios

    1982-01-01

    This work studies the automation of the terminal area Air Traffic Management and Control (ATM/C) system. The ATM/C decision-making process is analyzed and broken down into a number of "automation functions". Each of these ...

  10. Intelligent Cruise Control design based on a traffic flow specification 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huandra, Rusli

    1998-01-01

    The principal objectives of the Automated Highway graphics. System (AHS), an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) technology, are to increase the safety and through-put of the existing highway by traffic automation. Advanced Vehicle Control...

  11. Traffic Optimization to Control Epidemic Outbreaks in Metapopulation Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preciado, Victor M

    2013-01-01

    We propose a novel framework to study viral spreading processes in metapopulation models. Large subpopulations (i.e., cities) are connected via metalinks (i.e., roads) according to a metagraph structure (i.e., the traffic infrastructure). The problem of containing the propagation of an epidemic outbreak in a metapopulation model by controlling the traffic between subpopulations is considered. Controlling the spread of an epidemic outbreak can be written as a spectral condition involving the eigenvalues of a matrix that depends on the network structure and the parameters of the model. Based on this spectral condition, we propose a convex optimization framework to find cost-optimal approaches to traffic control in epidemic outbreaks.

  12. The integration of Automatic Speech Recognition into the Air Traffic Control system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson Joakim

    1990-01-01

    Today, the Air Traffic Control (ATC) system relies primarily on verbal communication between the air traffic controllers and the pilots of the aircraft in the controlled airspace. Although a computer system exists that ...

  13. Part Two ATM Traffic Management and Control A Comparative Performance Analysis of Call Admission Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elsayed, Khaled Fouad

    -mail: hp@eos.ncsu.edu Key words: Call Admission Control, Traffic Management, ATM Networks, Quality (which is typically a workstation attached to the switch). The resource manager controls the operations113 Chapter 5 Part Two ATM Traffic Management and Control A Comparative Performance Analysis

  14. Hybrid Control Models of Next Generation Air Traffic Management ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    Hybrid Control Models of Next Generation Air Traffic Management ? C. Tomlin, G. Pappas, J. Lygeros the overcrowding of large urban airports and the need to more efficiently handle larger numbers of aircraft malfunctions, ATC malfunctions (e.g. power failure), shifting winds (that cause changes in approach patterns

  15. MICRO SIMULATION OF CITY TRAFFIC FLOWS IN SUPPORT OF PREDICTIVE OPERATIONAL CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargiela, Andrzej

    of the modelling process and the prediction model. Several types of traffic models have been used with demand- responsive traffic control systems. In parallel with the development of new control systems, there have been

  16. Intelligent Control in Automation Based on Wireless Traffic Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurt Derr; Milos Manic

    2007-09-01

    Wireless technology is a central component of many factory automation infrastructures in both the commercial and government sectors, providing connectivity among various components in industrial realms (distributed sensors, machines, mobile process controllers). However wireless technologies provide more threats to computer security than wired environments. The advantageous features of Bluetooth technology resulted in Bluetooth units shipments climbing to five million per week at the end of 2005 [1, 2]. This is why the real-time interpretation and understanding of Bluetooth traffic behavior is critical in both maintaining the integrity of computer systems and increasing the efficient use of this technology in control type applications. Although neuro-fuzzy approaches have been applied to wireless 802.11 behavior analysis in the past, a significantly different Bluetooth protocol framework has not been extensively explored using this technology. This paper presents a new neurofuzzy traffic analysis algorithm of this still new territory of Bluetooth traffic. Further enhancements of this algorithm are presented along with the comparison against the traditional, numerical approach. Through test examples, interesting Bluetooth traffic behavior characteristics were captured, and the comparative elegance of this computationally inexpensive approach was demonstrated. This analysis can be used to provide directions for future development and use of this prevailing technology in various control type applications, as well as making the use of it more secure.

  17. Intelligent Control in Automation Based on Wireless Traffic Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurt Derr; Milos Manic

    2007-08-01

    Wireless technology is a central component of many factory automation infrastructures in both the commercial and government sectors, providing connectivity among various components in industrial realms (distributed sensors, machines, mobile process controllers). However wireless technologies provide more threats to computer security than wired environments. The advantageous features of Bluetooth technology resulted in Bluetooth units shipments climbing to five million per week at the end of 2005 [1, 2]. This is why the real-time interpretation and understanding of Bluetooth traffic behavior is critical in both maintaining the integrity of computer systems and increasing the efficient use of this technology in control type applications. Although neuro-fuzzy approaches have been applied to wireless 802.11 behavior analysis in the past, a significantly different Bluetooth protocol framework has not been extensively explored using this technology. This paper presents a new neurofuzzy traffic analysis algorithm of this still new territory of Bluetooth traffic. Further enhancements of this algorithm are presented along with the comparison against the traditional, numerical approach. Through test examples, interesting Bluetooth traffic behavior characteristics were captured, and the comparative elegance of this computationally inexpensive approach was demonstrated. This analysis can be used to provide directions for future development and use of this prevailing technology in various control type applications, as well as making the use of it more secure.

  18. Boise Air Traffic Control Tower: High Performance and sustainable Building Guiding Principles Technical Assistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Kimberly M.; Goel, Supriya; Henderson, Jordan W.

    2013-09-01

    Overview of energy efficiency opportunities for new FAA tower construction using the Boise Air Traffic Control Tower as an example.

  19. Towards Robust Multi-layer Traffic Engineering: Optimization of Congestion Control and Routing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    Towards Robust Multi-layer Traffic Engineering: Optimization of Congestion Control and Routing. Keywords: Congestion control, Traffic Engineering, Network util- ity maximization, Optimization, Robustness, in a process known as traffic engineering. TCP congestion control assumes that the network paths do not change

  20. A controllable laser projector for diverting traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Brian Xiuken

    2013-01-01

    For this Master's thesis, I designed and implemented a combined laser and controller system that can receive and convert commands from a computer into useful laser projections. In the last 10 years, on average, one police ...

  1. Artificial Immune System based urban traffic control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Negi, Pallav

    2007-09-17

    Borrowing ideas from natural immunity, Artificial Immune Systems (AIS) offer a novel approach to solving many diagnosis, optimization and control problems. In the course of this research this paradigm was applied to the problem of optimizing urban...

  2. Development and evaluation of an arterial adaptive traffic signal control system using reinforcement learning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Yuanchang

    2009-05-15

    extensively used in many applications including real-time control. In this dissertation, a systematic comparison between the reinforcement learning control methods and existing adaptive traffic control methods is first presented from the theoretical...

  3. Roadmap: Aeronautics-Air Traffic Control -Bachelor of Science [AT-BS-AERN-ATC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Scott

    Roadmap: Aeronautics- Air Traffic Control - Bachelor of Science [AT-BS-AERN-ATC] College of Applied This roadmap is a recommended semester-by-semester plan of study for this major. However, courses #12;Roadmap: Aeronautics- Air Traffic Control - Bachelor of Science [AT-BS-AERN-ATC] College

  4. Evaluation of traffic operations at diamond interchanges using advanced actuated control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koonce, Peter John Vincent

    1998-01-01

    outperforms many of the other strategies because of the flexibility this strategy provides. Specifically, the one controller strategy outperformed the 2-controller strategy because of the reduction of cycle length during periods of low traffic intensity...

  5. Meddle: Middleboxes for Increased Transparency and Control of Mobile Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legout, Arnaud

    a framework that allows us to intercept and potentially modify traffic generated by mobile devices this function- ality is difficult on mobile devices because it requires warranty- voiding techniques- proach, carriers may manipulate traffic once it leaves the mobile device [13], thus rendering some

  6. http://tti.tamu.edu > Variable message signs > Traffic actuated controllers > Traffic signals > Flashing traffic signals > Lane use control signals > Road markings > Rumble strips > Warrants (Traffic control devices) > Gro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operations pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Measures of effectiveness > Traffic models > Traffic simula Saving Lives, Time and Resources AviAtion Rese

  7. Investigating conformance monitoring issues in air traffic control using fault detection approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Tom George, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    In order to maintain Air Traffic Control (ATC) system safety, security and efficiency, conformance monitoring must be performed to ensure that aircraft adhere to their assigned clearances. New Decision Support Tools (DSTs), ...

  8. DEVELOPING VISUALIZATION TOOLS FOR THE DESIGN OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL EXPERIMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    for those human factors researchers and practitioners designing experiments. Designing an experimentDEVELOPING VISUALIZATION TOOLS FOR THE DESIGN OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL EXPERIMENTS ABSTRACT While, little attention has been paid to developing visualization tools for human factors researchers designing

  9. Conformance Monitoring Approaches in Current and Future Air Traffic Control Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Tom G.

    Conformance monitoring is a core task in Air Traffic Control (ATC) operations to determine whether aircraft are adhering to assigned trajectories. This is important for many reasons, including to ensure that tactical ...

  10. Identification of Communication and Coordination Issues in the U. S. Air Traffic Control System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davison, Hayley

    Today’s air traffic control system is approaching the point of saturation, as evidenced by increasing delays across the National Airspace System (NAS). There exists an opportunity to enhance NAS efficiency and reduce ...

  11. Real-time trajectory optimization and air traffic control simulation for noise abatement approach procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Feng, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Aircraft noise is a major obstacle to the growth of aviation. This thesis presents an adaptive onboard real-time optimization algorithm and an Air Traffic Control simulation model that can minimize the aircraft approach ...

  12. Assessment of older driver understanding of certain traffic control devices in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hulett, Stephanie Renee

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to assess older Texas drivers on their understanding of nine traffic control devices and identify the devices that are misunderstood by people 65 years and older. Additionally, older ...

  13. An evaluation of the operating effectiveness of a computer-controlled traffic network 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Steiguer, Allen Louis

    1969-01-01

    AN EVALUATION OF THE OPERATING EFFECTIVENESS OF A COMPUTER-CONTROLLED TRAFFIC NETNORK A Thesis by ALLEN LOUIS DE STEIGUER Submitted to the Graduate College of Tares A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1969 Major Subject: Civil Engineering AN EVALUATION OF THE OPERATING EFFECTIVENESS OF A COMPUTER-CONTROLLED TRAFFIC NETWORK A Thesis by ALLEN LOUIS DE STEIGUER Approved as to style and content by: (C an of Committee) (Head...

  14. The design of a traffic control system with distributed intelligence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tietjen, Donald Louis

    1973-01-01

    the transition from one synchro- n1zat1on scheme to another on the basis of measurements of traffic This thesis fo11 s th ty1 d f t f th ~oot di ~ s of th Istitt ofEIeti I dEI t I ~Ei ~ Ts. at some key points in an arterial network (2). Instead of a traffic.... Mew Time Address RON( ARO~' I ARO"I 2 To Off- line memory From "11nl- comnuter From 0n-line "emory Instruction Register 'Jext Time Address To Lights &i gure S. Two-'1emory System 18 The main limitation of this system design is the cost...

  15. Analysis of shared buer switches under non-uniform trac pattern and global ow control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    Analysis of shared buer switches under non-uniform trac pattern and global ¯ow control Mahmoud buer switches do not suer from head of line blocking which is a common problem in simple input buering. Shared buer switches have previously been studied under uniform and unbalanced trac patterns. However

  16. Comparison of Stochastic Methods for Control in Air Traffic Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    of dangerous encounters through maintenance of safe separation between aircraft. Loss of the minimum safe safely accommodate (European Commission (2000)). The level of anticipated growth in aviation travel Aviation Authority (2009)). It is untenable to accommodate this anticipated traffic growth without a shift

  17. Design of a Reliable Communication System for Grid-Style Traffic Control Junghoon Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandy, John A.

    communication scheme for the traffic control sys- tem built upon a wireless process control protocol, aiming into diverse field sys- tems. Among these, HART (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer) is one of the most outstanding protocols for process control[2]. Its master/slave mechanism provides timely and predictable

  18. Advanced Air Traffic Automation: A Case Study in Distributed Decentralized Control ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    ,gpappas,janka,lygeros,sastry@eecs.berkeley.edu Abstract. In this survey paper, we present some of the issues in de­ signing algorithms for the control of functioning and efficiency. Of specific interest to us in this paper is advanced air traffic management (ATM verification and design for safe conflict resolution strategies between air­ craft. Both cooperative

  19. Modular Composition of Synchronous Programs: Applications to Traffic Signal Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zennaro, Marco; Sengupta, Raja

    2006-01-01

    of Path-Planning for a UAV to Track a Ground Vehicle”, AINSR. , “An architecture for UAV team control”, IAV Conferenceemerging results in cooperative UAV control", IEEE 2004 44th

  20. Hybrid Control in Air Traffic Management Systems \\Lambda S. Sastry, G. Meyer y , C. Tomlin, J. Lygeros, D. Godbole and G. Pappas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    Hybrid Control in Air Traffic Management Systems \\Lambda S. Sastry, G. Meyer y , C. Tomlin, J Center, we have be­ gun the study of hierarchical, hybrid control systems in the framework of air traffic. Technological advances that make a more advanced air traffic control system a reality include the availability

  1. Optimal Control of Hybrid Systems in Air Traffic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamgarpour, Maryam

    2011-01-01

    optimal control of nonlinear dynamical systems [25, 26, 27].constrained nonlinear switched dynamical systems,” in Hybridwe focus on nonlinear switched dynamical systems. These

  2. Open-air direct current plasma jet: Scaling up, uniformity, and cellular control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, S.; Wang, Z.; Huang, Q.; Lu, X.; Ostrikov, K.

    2012-10-15

    Atmospheric-pressure plasma jets are commonly used in many fields from medicine to nanotechnology, yet the issue of scaling the discharges up to larger areas without compromising the plasma uniformity remains a major challenge. In this paper, we demonstrate a homogenous cold air plasma glow with a large cross-section generated by a direct current power supply. There is no risk of glow-to-arc transitions, and the plasma glow appears uniform regardless of the gap between the nozzle and the surface being processed. Detailed studies show that both the position of the quartz tube and the gas flow rate can be used to control the plasma properties. Further investigation indicates that the residual charges trapped on the inner surface of the quartz tube may be responsible for the generation of the air plasma plume with a large cross-section. The spatially resolved optical emission spectroscopy reveals that the air plasma plume is uniform as it propagates out of the nozzle. The remarkable improvement of the plasma uniformity is used to improve the bio-compatibility of a glass coverslip over a reasonably large area. This improvement is demonstrated by a much more uniform and effective attachment and proliferation of human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK 293) cells on the plasma-treated surface.

  3. Behavior-Based Simulation Approach for the Capacity and Traffic Operational Characteristic Study of Four-Way-Stop-Controlled Intersections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Juan

    2010-08-26

    and service time. After calibration and validation, the simulation model was used to study characteristics of the queue length, control delay, and service time at FWSC intersections. Finally, intersection capacities were estimated under different traffic...

  4. Evaluation of detector placement strategies for first generation traffic responsive signal control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brehmer, Christopher Lynn

    1996-01-01

    Traffic responsive signal systems rely on system detector data to evaluate current traffic conditions and select a corresponding timing plan from a library of plans. One of the major decisions surrounding the use of traffic responsive signal systems...

  5. Federal Automated Information System of Nuclear Material Control and Accounting: Uniform System of Reporting Documents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pitel, M V; Kasumova, L; Babcock, R A; Heinberg, C

    2003-06-12

    One of the fundamental regulations of the Russian State System for Nuclear Material Accounting and Control (SSAC), ''Basic Nuclear Material Control and Accounting Rules,'' directed that a uniform report system be developed to support the operation of the SSAC. According to the ''Regulation on State Nuclear Material Control and Accounting,'' adopted by the Russian Federation Government, Minatom of Russia is response for the development and adoption of report forms, as well as the reporting procedure and schedule. The report forms are being developed in tandem with the creation of an automated national nuclear material control and accounting system, the Federal Information System (FIS). The forms are in different stages of development and implementation. The first report forms (the Summarized Inventory Listing (SIL), Summarized Inventory Change Report (SICR) and federal and agency registers of nuclear material) have already been created and implemented. The second set of reports (nuclear material movement reports and the special anomaly report) is currently in development. A third set of reports (reports on import/export operations, and foreign nuclear material temporarily located in the Russian Federation) is still in the conceptual stage. To facilitate the development of a unified document system, the FIS must establish a uniform philosophy for the reporting system and determine the requirements for each reporting level, adhering to the following principles: completeness--the unified report system provides the entire range of information that the FIS requires to perform SSAC tasks; requisite level of detail; hierarchical structure--each report is based on the information provided in a lower-level report and is the source of information for reports at the next highest level; consistency checking--reports can be checked against other reports. A similar philosophy should eliminate redundancy in the different reports, support a uniform approach to the contents of previously developed and new reports within the FIS, as well as identify the main priorities for the direction of the FIS.

  6. Closing the loop between traffic/pollution sensing and vehicle route control NSF CPS Workshop, March 17-18, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

    Closing the loop between traffic/pollution sensing and vehicle route control NSF CPS Workshop manager and vehicle route/speed enforcement with the aim of simultaneously reducing congestion, pollution); the on-board navigator; the vehicle control knobs (breaks, accelerator, steering wheel) and; last

  7. MCCLERNON, CHRISTOPHER KYLE. Human performance effects of adaptive automation of various air traffic control information processing functions. (Under the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    ABSTRACT MCCLERNON, CHRISTOPHER KYLE. Human performance effects of adaptive automation of various.) Advanced forms of automation are being considered for application to Air Traffic Control (ATC) in order there is only limited knowledge of the implications of, for example, Adaptive Automation (AA) on controller

  8. Vibration control in plates by uniformly distributed PZT actuators interconnected via electric networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Vidoli; Francesco dell'Isola

    2010-07-09

    In this paper a novel device aimed at controlling the mechanical vibrations of plates by means of a set of electrically-interconnected piezoelectric actuators is described. The actuators are embedded uniformly in the plate wherein they connect every node of an electric network to ground, thus playing the two-fold role of capacitive element in the electric network and of couple suppliers. A mathematical model is introduced to describe the propagation of electro-mechanical waves in the device; its validity is restricted to the case of wave-forms with wave-length greater than the dimension of the piezoelectric actuators used. A self-resonance criterion is established which assures the possibility of electro-mechanical energy exchange. Finally the problem of vibration control in simply supported and clamped plates is addressed; the optimal net-impedance is determined. The results indicate that the proposed device can improve the performances of piezoelectric actuation

  9. air traffic the polytechnic school

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    air traffic management the polytechnic school innovation.asu.edu #12;undergraduate degree program B.S., air traffic management Our undergraduate air traffic management program offers students exceptional training and state-of-the-art air traffic control simulators to enhance and reinforce classroom study. You

  10. Table lamp with dynamically controlled lighting distribution and uniformly illuminated luminous shade

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Siminovitch, Michael J. (Pinole, CA); Page, Erik R. (Berkeley, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A double lamp table or floor lamp lighting system has a pair of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or other lamps arranged vertically, i.e. one lamp above the other, with a reflective septum in between. By selectively turning on one or both of the CFLs, down lighting, up lighting, or both up and down lighting is produced. The control system can also vary the light intensity from each CFL. The reflective septum ensures that almost all the light produced by each lamp will be directed into the desired light distribution pattern which is selected and easily changed by the user. In a particular configuration, the reflective septum is bowl shaped, with the upper CFL sitting in the bowl, and a luminous shade hanging down from the bowl. The lower CFL provides both task lighting and uniform shade luminance. Planar compact fluorescent lamps, e.g. circular CFLs, particularly oriented horizontally, are preferable. CFLs provide energy efficiency. However, other types of lamps, including incandescent, halogen, and LEDs can also be used in the fixture. The lighting system may be designed for the home, hospitality, office or other environments.

  11. Smart Cruise Control: An ITS Applica on for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Conges on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and traffic throughput efficiency of the road system. cta.ornl.gov Contact Tim LaClair Research R&D Center that calculates a planned speed profile that minimizes braking · Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications

  12. AEC/APC Symposium XII, September 23-28, 2000 Control of Spatial Uniformity inControl of Spatial Uniformity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolaou, Michael

    -28, 2000 ModelingModeling · Use Modular Plasma Reactor Simulator (MPRES) · Develop control-oriented reduced: ­ Aircraft landing ­ Batch chemical reactor control #12;AEC/APC Symposium XII, September 23-28, 2000 Feedback First-Principles ModelFirst-Principles Model Network model 1 2 3 4 #12;AEC/APC Symposium XII, September

  13. Uniform Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    randomly and equally likely a point in that interval), the uniform distribution ... Roughly speaking, this means that from any distribution we can create the uniform.

  14. Online Optimal Control of Connected Vehicles for Efficient Traffic Flow at Merging Roads

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rios-Torres, Jackeline [ORNL; Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Pisu, Pierluigi [Clemson University

    2015-01-01

    This paper addresses the problem of coordinating online connected vehicles at merging roads to achieve a smooth traffic flow without stop-and-go driving. We present a framework and a closed-form solution that optimize the acceleration profile of each vehicle in terms of fuel economy while avoiding collision with other vehicles at the merging zone. The proposed solution is validated through simulation and it is shown that coordination of connected vehicles can reduce significantly fuel consumption and travel time at merging roads.

  15. Controlled Synthesis of Uniform Cobalt Phosphide Hyperbranched Nanocrystals Using Tri-n-octylphosphine Oxide as a Phosphorus Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Haitao; Ha, Don-Hyung; Hovden, Robert; Fitting Kourkoutis, Lena; Robinson, Richard D.

    2011-01-12

    A new method to produce hyperbranched Co{sub 2}P nanocrystals that are uniform in size, shape, and symmetry was developed. In this reaction tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) was used as both a solvent and a phosphorus source. The reaction exhibits a novel monomer-saturation-dependent tunability between Co metal nanoparticle (NP) and Co{sub 2}P NP products. The morphology of Co{sub 2}P can be controlled from sheaflike structures to hexagonal symmetric structures by varying the concentration of the surfactant. This unique product differs significantly from other reported hyperbranched nanocrystals in that the highly anisotropic shapes can be stabilized as the majority shape (>84%). This is the first known use of TOPO as a reagent as well as a coordinating background solvent in NP synthesis.

  16. Linear-quadratic model predictive control for urban traffic , Hai L. Vu a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazarathy, Yoni

    Accepted 30 June 2013 Keywords: Model predictive control Intelligent transport system Congestion control- tion systems are driving the field of intelligent transport systems (ITS) into the twenty first century for large urban networks containing thousands of sensors and actuators. We demonstrate the essence of our

  17. Modeling and control of network traffic for performance and secure communications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Yong

    2005-02-17

    with di?erent ? and ? values. : : : : 29 12 Traces of queue lengths for SF2 with di?erent ? and ? values. : : : : 29 13 Queue length traces based on SF1 and SF2 in window-based con- gestion control...

  18. BotSniffer: Detecting Botnet Command and Control Channels in Network Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Guofei

    of a command and control (C&C) channel. Botnets also often use existing common protocols, e.g., IRC, HTTP and detecting the C&Cs has great value in the battle against botnets. Many existing botnet C&Cs are based on IRC IRC PRIVMSG messages. This simple IRC-based C&C mechanism has proven to be highly successful and has

  19. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 49, NO. 6, JUNE 2004 875 On Uniform Asymptotic Stability of Time-Varying

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesic, Dragan

    Abstract--Recently, a framework for controller design of sam- pled-data nonlinear systems via. INTRODUCTION THE prevalence of digitally controlled systems and the fact that the nonlinearities in the plant-data controller design are available in the literature. One way of studying the control and analysis problems

  20. VEHICLE EMISSIONS AND TRAFFIC MEASURES: EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF FIELD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    VEHICLE EMISSIONS AND TRAFFIC MEASURES: EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF FIELD OBSERVATIONS AT SIGNALIZED between vehicle emissions and traffic control measures is an important step toward reducing the potential roadway design and traffic control, have the ability to reduce vehicle emissions. However, current vehicle

  1. Abstract--In this paper two approaches for reducing communication traffic in a control network, namely, Model-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    considered in this paper. I. INTRODUCTION N Networked Control Systems (NCS) a digital communication network in control design in order to account for limited feedback information in the analysis and design of NCS, namely, Model- Based Networked Control Systems (MB-NCS) and event- triggered control, are unified under

  2. Partitioning Complexity in Air Traffic Management Task

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M. L.

    2006-01-01

    Cognitive complexity is a term that appears frequently in air traffic control (ATC) research literature, yet there is little principled investigation of the potential sources of cognitive complexity. Three distinctly ...

  3. Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals: Results from a State-of-the-Practice Review Paper # 13-0536

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals: Results from a State-of-the-Practice Review Paper # 13-0536 Sam R with known installations of bicycle-specific traffic signals and a review of available engineering guidance); the CROW design manual for bicycle traffic; and the Canadian, U.S. and Californian manuals on uniform

  4. Resisting Traffic Analysis on Encrypted Data Streams | The Ames...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resisting Traffic Analysis on Encrypted Data Streams New innovations in energy delivery systems and control systems continue to advance the reliability and resilience of the...

  5. PARALEL SIMULATION OF CITY TRAFFIC FLOWS USING "PADSIM" (Probabilistic ADaptive SImulation Model)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargiela, Andrzej

    of the modelling process and the prediction model. Several types of traffic models have been used with demand- responsive traffic control systems. In parallel with the development of new control systems, there have been

  6. UNIFORM POLICY Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    as determined by a specific course: · Navy blue uniform pants · Navy blue uniform skirt · Navy blue scrub top · Navy blue hose or navy sock with navy uniform shoes · Long white lab coat that includes School patch sewn on the left upper sleeve. A navy blue fleece with the school name embroidered on left breast

  7. Traffic flow wide-area surveillance system definition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allgood, G.O.; Ferrell, R.K.; Kercel, S.W.; Abston, R.A.; Carnal, C.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Moynihan, P.I. [Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, CA (United States)

    1994-11-01

    Traffic Flow Wide-Area Surveillance (TFWAS) is a system for assessing the state of traffic flow over a wide area for enhanced traffic control and improved traffic management and planning. The primary purpose of a TFWAS system is to provide a detailed traffic flow description and context description to sophisticated traffic management and control systems being developed or envisioned for the future. A successful TFWAS system must possess the attributes of safety, reconfigurability, reliability, and expandability. The primary safety premise of TFWAS is to ensure that no action or failure of the TFWAS system or its components can result in risk of injury to humans. A wide variety of communication techniques is available for use with TFWAS systems. These communication techniques can be broken down into two categories, landlines and wireless. Currently used and possible future traffic sensing technologies have been examined. Important criteria for selecting TFWAS sensors include sensor capabilities, costs, operational constraints, sensor compatibility with the infrastructure, and extent. TFWAS is a concept that can take advantage of the strengths of different traffic sensing technologies, can readily adapt to newly developed technologies, and can grow with the development of new traffic control strategies. By developing innovative algorithms that will take information from a variety of sensor types and develop descriptions of traffic flows over a wide area, a more comprehensive understanding of the traffic state can be provided to the control system to perform the most reasonable control actions over the entire wide area. The capability of characterizing the state of traffic over an entire region should revolutionize developments in traffic control strategies.

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, VOL. 43, NO. 4, APRIL 1998 509 Conflict Resolution for Air Traffic Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    safe conflict resolution maneuvers. The method models the aircraft and the maneuver as a hybrid control aircraft to fly directly to the destination and take advantage of favorable winds. This problem centrally by ATC. In congested areas, such as the regions close to urban airports referred to as Terminal

  9. Eighth USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM2009) Effects of Fuel Prices and Slot Controls on Air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Eighth USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM2009) Effects@gmu.edu; lsherry@gmu.edu; akara@gmu.edu; gcaldero@gmu.edu Center for Air Transportation Systems Research, George

  10. Modeling Traffic Flow Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappiello, Alessandra

    2002-09-17

    The main topic of this thesis is the development of light-duty vehicle dynamic emission models and their integration with dynamic traffic models. Combined, these models

  11. Computation Availability of Crossbar Systems in a Nonuniform Traffic Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    Computation Availability of Crossbar Systems in a Non­uniform Traffic Environment M. Atiquzzaman M in the presence of a hot spot in the system. Computation availability is taken as the criteria for measuring as the amount of computation available at time t. The computation availability is based on the system

  12. Traffic Light Mapping and Detection Nathaniel Fairfield Chris Urmson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Traffic Light Mapping and Detection Nathaniel Fairfield Chris Urmson {nfairfield, curmson, and lidar to perceive their surroundings, the state of standard traffic lights can only be perceived lights and improve detection of the light state. The prior map also encodes the control semantics

  13. TMN conference Page 1 Traffic Management for IBC networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, David

    manager. This is particularly useful for congestion control and load balancing as well as reTMN conference Page 1 Traffic Management for IBC networks by David Griffin (GPT Ltd) and Pravin Patel (Dowty Communications Ltd) 1 Introduction This paper concentrates on the traffic management

  14. Traffic of Molecular Motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Klumpp; Melanie J. I. Müller; Reinhard Lipowsky

    2005-12-06

    Molecular motors perform active movements along cytoskeletal filaments and drive the traffic of organelles and other cargo particles in cells. In contrast to the macroscopic traffic of cars, however, the traffic of molecular motors is characterized by a finite walking distance (or run length) after which a motor unbinds from the filament along which it moves. Unbound motors perform Brownian motion in the surrounding aqueous solution until they rebind to a filament. We use variants of driven lattice gas models to describe the interplay of their active movements, the unbound diffusion, and the binding/unbinding dynamics. If the motor concentration is large, motor-motor interactions become important and lead to a variety of cooperative traffic phenomena such as traffic jams on the filaments, boundary-induced phase transitions, and spontaneous symmetry breaking in systems with two species of motors. If the filament is surrounded by a large reservoir of motors, the jam length, i.e., the extension of the traffic jams is of the order of the walking distance. Much longer jams can be found in confined geometries such as tube-like compartments.

  15. Integration of an Aggregate Flow Model with a Traffic Flow Simulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Integration of an Aggregate Flow Model with a Traffic Flow Simulator Robert Hoffman , Dengfeng Sun restrictions to aircraft movement are applied by air traffic controllers and traffic managers in response to demand overages or capacity shortfalls in sectors of airspace. To estimate and assess the efficiency

  16. Coupling traffic models on networks and urban dispersion models for simulating sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceragioli, Francesca

    models for modeling and testing different traffic scenarios, in order to define the impact on air quality it with the urban dispersion model Sirane. Keywords: urban air quality, macroscopic traffic models, road networks, pollutant dispersion models, traffic emissions control. AMS subject classification: 35L65, 35L67, 60K30, 90B

  17. 1 SIDE CONSTRAINED TRAFFIC EQUILIBRIUM MODELS---TRAFFIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patriksson, Michael

    i #12; #12; 1 SIDE CONSTRAINED TRAFFIC EQUILIBRIUM MODELS---TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT THROUGH LINK TOLLS in the inelastic demand case; this fact enables the traffic manager to choose a toll scheme which satisfies flow restrictions as side constraints. The set of toll prices obtained is not necessarily unique

  18. Predicting traffic speed in urban transportation subnetworks for multiple horizons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaillet, Patrick

    such as route guidance, urban traffic control and management, and sustainable mobility [1]­[3]. Consequently Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems, MIT, Cambridge, MA. 4 Center for Future Urban Mobility

  19. Pilot Perception and Use of ADS-B Traffic and Weather Services (TIS-B & FIS-B)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silva, Sathya

    2014-10-08

    Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B) is a central component of the NextGen air traffic control modernization program. It is intended to improve traffic surveillance capabilities by sharing accurate aircraft ...

  20. LUNAR SOIL SIMULATION TRAFFICABILITY PARAMETERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    LUNAR SOIL SIMULATION and TRAFFICABILITY PARAMETERS by W. David Carrier, III Lunar Geotechnical.0 RECOMMENDED LUNAR SOIL TRAFFICABILITY PARAMETERS Table 9.14 in the Lunar Sourcebook (Carrier et al. 1991, p. 529) lists the current recommended lunar soil trafficability parameters: bc = 0.017 N/cm2 bN = 35° K

  1. Hybrid Traffic Data Collection Roadmap: Pilot Procurement of Third-Party Traffic Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexandre, Bayen

    2013-01-01

    TRAFFIC DATA COLLECTION ROADMAP: PILOT PROCUREMENT OF THIRD-TRAFFIC DATA COLLECTION ROADMAP: PILOT PROCUREMENT OF THIRD-Traffic Data Collection Roadmap project (Task Orders 1 and

  2. Real-Time Traffic Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldsberry, Kirk Patrick

    2007-01-01

    Philosophy in Geography by Kirk Patrick Goldsberry Committee2007 The dissertation of Kirk Patrick Goldsberry isTraffic Maps Copyright © 2007 by Kirk Patrick Goldsberry iii

  3. Wireless sensor networks for measuring traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varaiya, Pravin

    Wireless sensor networks for measuring traffic University of California, Berkeley Sing Yiu Cheung, Sinem Coleri, and Pravin Varaiya 2 Outline · Traffic measurement · Wireless Sensor Networks · Vehicle wireless sensor networks compete? 7 Outline · Traffic measurement · Wireless Sensor Networks · Vehicle

  4. Internet Traffic Measurement Carey Williamson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williamson, Carey

    Internet Traffic Measurement Carey Williamson Department of Computer Science University of Calgary in the design, testing, and evaluation of Internet protocols and applications. The article begins with some background information on Internet traffic measurement, and then proceeds to discuss the "tools of the trade

  5. Traffic information computing platform for big data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duan, Zongtao Li, Ying Zheng, Xibin Liu, Yan Dai, Jiting Kang, Jun

    2014-10-06

    Big data environment create data conditions for improving the quality of traffic information service. The target of this article is to construct a traffic information computing platform for big data environment. Through in-depth analysis the connotation and technology characteristics of big data and traffic information service, a distributed traffic atomic information computing platform architecture is proposed. Under the big data environment, this type of traffic atomic information computing architecture helps to guarantee the traffic safety and efficient operation, more intelligent and personalized traffic information service can be used for the traffic information users.

  6. Temporary Pedestrian & Vehicular Traffic Flow Typical Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Temporary Pedestrian & Vehicular Traffic Flow Typical Conditions Winter 2014 Ann Arbor - Ross 900150 Feet Pedestrian Route Existing Building Construction Area Traffic Detour Temporary Transit Stop

  7. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding/23/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T : GW - KM - DP & +VAR FV 3D Risk-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/23/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  8. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T : GW - KM - DP & High Tan + CFV 3D Risk Profile All FV-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/13/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  9. Hybrid Traffic Data Collection Roadmap: Objectives and Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayen, Alexandre

    2013-01-01

    information environment. Hybrid Traffic Data CollectionBibliography Bibliography Hybrid Traffic Data Collection19, no. 1, p. 15–25, 2003. Hybrid Traffic Data Collection

  10. Hybrid Traffic Data Collection Roadmap: Objectives and Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayen, Alexandre

    2013-01-01

    Traffic Data Collection Roadmap: Objectives and MethodsTraffic Data Collection Roadmap: Objectives and MethodsTraffic Data Collection Roadmap: Objectives and Methods

  11. Division of IT Convergence Engineering Datacenter Traffic Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    Division of IT Convergence Engineering Datacenter Traffic Monitoring Using Traffic Mirroring, Korea 3 School of Computer Science, University of Waterloo, Canada In these days, datacenter traffic has been increased rapidly. Monitoring datacenter traffic is more difficult than conventional Internet

  12. Demystifying Internet traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishwanath, Kashi Venkatesh

    2008-01-01

    Controlled Internet - Swing predictions1.2.2. From Internet-Scale Topology to Speci?c1.6 Figure 1.7 Early Internet topology: The Arpanet . .

  13. Fermilab | Traffic Safety at Fermilab |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) | SciTechSubmitted MoreTraffic Safety Traffic Citation

  14. A PREDICTIVE MACROSCOPIC CITY TRAFFIC FLOWS SIMULATION MODEL E.T.Peytchev1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargiela, Andrzej

    in real time in response to changing traffic conditions. Examples of such real time, demand responsive of demand responsive control systems over the fixed timing plans systems has been found to be very

  15. Seven Traffic Signals in Two Minutes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Topeka, Kansas has activated the first of three key traffic corridors to receive a "green light tunnel," a real-time adaptive traffic signal system that synchronizes signals to create a series of...

  16. Temporary Pedestrian & Vehicular Traffic Flow Typical Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Temporary Pedestrian & Vehicular Traffic Flow Typical Conditions Winter 2014 Ann Arbor - Medical://www.umaec.umich.edu/closures.html Roadway Closure Existing Traffic Pattern I0 400 800 1,200200 Feet Pedestrian Route Existing Building

  17. DATALITE: a Distributed Architecture for Traffic Analysis via Light-weight Traffic Digest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Jonathan

    DATALITE: a Distributed Architecture for Traffic Analysis via Light-weight Traffic Digest for Traffic Analysis via LIght- weight Traffic digEst, which introduces a set of new distributed algorithms digests (TD's) amongst the network nodes. A TD for N packets only requires O(loglog N) bits of memory

  18. The Traffic Circle of Life Anna Nagurney

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    gallons of wasted fuel ­ enough to fill 4 New Orleans Superdomes. Anna Nagurney The Traffic Circle of Life

  19. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/12/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;P: BC/12/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/12/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC

  20. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T: GW - KM GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK

  1. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;R: KM 348 3D-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  2. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;S: DP 415 3D-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  3. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;Q: GW 487 3D-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  4. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;Q: GW 487 & NB GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK

  5. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T: GW - KM/21/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/21/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC

  6. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/19/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;P: BC & LOW GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/19/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK

  7. Asynchronous SAN Switching under Multicast Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asynchronous SAN Switching under Multicast Traffic Andrea Bianco *, Luca Giraudo *, Alessandra-Multicast traffic in Storage Area Networks (SANs) enables applications such as disaster recovery, remote data-less switching architecture devised for SANs is described, and its performance under multicast traffic is studied

  8. May 21, 2014 Local Agency Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Field Evaluation Traffic Data Collection Processes Study Is there better EQUIPMENT for collecting low Improvements Field Evaluation Traffic Data Collection Processes Study Is there better EQUIPMENT for collecting;Project Overview 2013-2014Local Agency Data Collection 5 · Tested traffic sensors in a low

  9. Improving Air Traffic Management through Agent Suggestions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tumer, Kagan

    air traffic flow problem (de- scribed in [4]). 2. SUGGESTION AGENTS Though the system performanceImproving Air Traffic Management through Agent Suggestions (Extended Abstract) Adrian Agogino USCS.tumer@oregonstate.edu ABSTRACT Providing intelligent automation to manage the continu- ously increasing flow of air traffic

  10. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;12/19/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;12/19/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision

  11. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;Q: GW 487 3D RiskVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding

  12. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    -VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;Q: GW 487 3D RiskVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision

  13. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding

  14. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;12/19/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;12/19/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding

  15. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE #12;12/23/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile What-If FV - Oil

  16. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision

  17. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr;11/18/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE Draft #12;11/18/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE Draft #12;DEFINITION OF 15 WATERWAY

  18. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;12/23/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO #12;12/23/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO #12;T: GW) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO #12;12/23/2013 9 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA

  19. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/17/2013 9 GW

  20. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    #12;12/23/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO #12;12/23/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO #12;12/23/2013 9 GW-VCU VESSEL

  1. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;12/12/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;12/12/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;P-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;DEFINITION OF 15

  2. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    -VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;12/19/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;DEFINITION OF 15VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding

  3. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    -VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;12/19/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;DEFINITION OF 15VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision

  4. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;R: KM 348 3D RiskVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding

  5. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;11/21/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/21/2013 6 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;T ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/21/2013 10 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK

  6. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    Draft #12;12/13/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;12/13/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL;12/13/2013 8 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12

  7. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE #12;12/23/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile What-If FV - Oil Time

  8. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;11/17/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;T-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;DEFINITION OF 15

  9. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    #12;12/23/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO #12;12/23/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO #12;12/23/2013 9 GW-VCU VESSEL

  10. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE #12;11/20/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile What-If FV - Oil Time

  11. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/21/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/21/2013 9 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIALVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding

  12. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    -VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;R: KM 348 3D RiskVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision

  13. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ;12/12/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;12/12/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;P TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;DEFINITION OF 15 WATERWAY

  14. 2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES Zone Numbers & Detailed Definitions #12;2001 TRAFFIC ZONE BOUNDARIES of Toronto Joint Program in Transportation January 2003 #12;PREFACE This report presents the 2001 traffic zone numbers by local municipalities in the 2001 TTS survey area. The second part presents detailed

  15. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/13/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;12/13/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL

  16. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision ­ KM ­ DP & 6 RMM's Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 RMM 1: Max;11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT

  17. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision;11/22/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T: GW - KM - DP & ER 3D Risk Profile All

  18. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr & 6 RMM's Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 RMM 1: Max. Speed-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT VESSEL

  19. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T : GW - KM - DP & +VAR FV 3D Risk RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 12/23/2013 3 GW-VCU Draft #12;12/23/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK

  20. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding ­ KM ­ DP & 6 RMM's Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 RMM 1: Max;11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT

  1. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T : GW - KM - DP & +VAR FV 3D Risk ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 12/23/2013 3 GW-VCU Draft #12;12/23/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA

  2. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision T ­ GW ­ KM ­ DP & 6 RMM's Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 RMM 1) Draft #12;11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS

  3. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/13/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL COLLISION FREQUENCY - PCF Draft #12;12/13/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL

  4. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T: GW - KM - DP & ER 3D Risk Profile All FV - Oil Time

  5. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding T ­ GW ­ KM ­ DP & 6 RMM's Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 RMM 1) Draft #12;11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS

  6. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;U : GW - KM - DP & VAR 3D Risk Profile ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU Draft #12;11/21/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA

  7. Marine Traffic Engineering through Relational Data Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceci, Michelangelo

    Marine Traffic Engineering through Relational Data Mining Antonio Bruno1 and Annalisa Appice1,2 1-relational method of frequent pattern discovery into the marine traffic investigation. Multi-relational data mining collected in the gulf of Taranto. 1 Introduction Marine traffic engineering is a research field originally

  8. Traffic Light Control using Reinforcement Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    of Electrical & Systems Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO Background Simulation 4me of each car currently at the intersec4on. In order: Cars, Roads, and Intersec.ons. The Cars structure contains all

  9. Method for uniformly bending conduits

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dekanich, S.J.

    1984-04-27

    The present invention is directed to a method for bending metal tubing through various radii while maintaining uniform cross section of the tubing. The present invention is practical by filling the tubing to a sufficient level with water, freezing the water to ice and bending the ice-filled tubing in a cooled die to the desired radius. The use of the ice as a filler material provides uniform cross-sectional bends of the tubing and upon removal of the ice provides an uncontaminated interior of the tubing which will enable it to be used in its intended application without encountering residual contaminants in the tubing due to the presence of the filler material.

  10. Crowding effects in vehicular traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Combinido, Jay Samuel L

    2012-01-01

    While the impact of crowding on the diffusive transport of molecules within a cell is widely studied in biology, it has thus far been neglected in traffic systems where bulk behavior is the main concern. Here, we study the effects of crowding due to car density and driving fluctuations on the transport of vehicles. Using a microscopic model for traffic, we found that crowding can push car movement from a superballistic down to a subdiffusive state. The transition is also associated with a change in the shape of the probability distribution of positions from negatively-skewed normal to an exponential distribution. Moreover, crowding broadens the distribution of cars' trap times and cluster sizes. At steady state, the subdiffusive state persists only when there is a large variability in car speeds. We further relate our work to prior findings from random walk models of transport in cellular systems.

  11. WHAT'S AHEAD IN 2014 Female Uniforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Lightweight Navy Working Uniforms Also this spring, the Navy Uniform Matters office and the Navy Clothing uniforms made of different fabrics. If the evaluations are successful, Navy leadership will determine which served as CMC. I have 22 years of continuous Navy service that includes nine ships of various platforms

  12. Freeway Short-Term Traffic Flow Forecasting by Considering Traffic Volatility Dynamics and Missing Data Situations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yanru

    2012-10-19

    traffic managers in seeking solutions to congestion problems on urban freeways and surface streets. There is new research interest in short-term traffic flow forecasting due to recent developments in ITS technologies. Previous research involves...

  13. Got Traffic? An Evaluation of Click Traffic Providers Qing Zhang, Thomas Ristenpart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Deli

    and Subject Descriptors H.3.5 [Information Systems]: On-line Information Service--Com- mercial services, Web- ondary traffic-selling ecosystem -- comprising traffic vendors who will contract to deliver clicks

  14. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/22/2013 6 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/22/2013 7 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 T: GW - KM;11/22/2013 9 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12

  15. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/12/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/12/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING FREQUENCY

  16. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/23/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 #12;12/23/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING FREQUENCY

  17. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Q: GW 487 & NB & OH

  18. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision: GW ­ KM ­ DP & +1 Escort Cape Size Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  19. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12-2 0-1 VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/17/2013 3 GW-VCU Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW

  20. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T : GW - KM - DP & +VAR FV 3D Risk Profile All FV - Oil Time-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/23/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  1. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT VESSEL FOR HARO-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA

  2. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU Draft #12-2 0-1 11/17/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW

  3. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;U : GW - KM - DP & VAR 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  4. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT VESSEL FOR HARO-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  5. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/19/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;P-2 0-1 12/19/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/19/2013 4 GW

  6. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;U : GW - KM - DP & VAR 3D Risk Profile All FV - Oil Time-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  7. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision-2 0-1 12/23/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T : GW - KM - DP & +VAR-2 0-1 12/23/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/23/2013 4 GW

  8. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/13/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING

  9. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr & +1 Escort Cape Size Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

  10. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding ­ KM ­ DP & +1 Escort Cape Size Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

  11. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12-2 0-1 VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/17/2013 3 GW-VCU Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW

  12. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;P-2 0-1 11/17/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW

  13. Bicycle traffic planning and design criteria 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vathana, Jhirasak

    1975-01-01

    BICYCLE TRAFFIC PLANNING AND DESIGN CRITERIA A Thesis JHIRASAK VATHANA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1975 Major Subject...: Interdisciplinary Engineering BICYCLE TRAFFIC PLANNING AND DESIGN CRITER1A A Thesis DHIRASAK VATHANA Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee (Head of epartment) j 'j (Memb ) (Member) (Member) May l975 ABSTRACT Bicycle Traffic Planning...

  14. Ohio Town Installing ‘Green’ Traffic Signals

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Elyria makes the move to efficient lighting. The town has decided to start replacing traffic lights with energy-efficient LEDs.

  15. tti.tamu.edu > Variable message signs > Traffic actuated controllers > Traffic signals > Flashing traffic signals > Lane use control signals > Road markings > Rumble strips > Warrants (Traffic control devices) > Gro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operations > Statistics > Transportation engineering >>> Mathematics > Simulation > Statistical analysis > Backcalculation pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian

  16. Taxiway Aircraft Traffic Scheduling: A Model and Solution Algorithms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Chunyu

    2012-10-19

    With the drastic increase in the demand for air travel, taxiway aircraft traffic scheduling is becoming increasingly important in managing air traffic. In order to reduce traffic congestion on taxiways, this thesis proposes ...

  17. A Methodology for Estimating Interdomain Web Traffic Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maggs, Bruce M.

    A Methodology for Estimating Interdomain Web Traffic Demand Anja Feldmann , Nils Kammenhuber-varying) interdomain HTTP traffic demand matrix pairing several hundred thousand blocks of client IP addresses, Traffic demand, Interdomain, Es- timation 1. INTRODUCTION The reliable estimation and prediction

  18. Traffic condition tracking and visualization in virtual city testbed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Boyuan, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    Computer traffic simulation is a tool widely used to understand how humans behave under varying traffic conditions. The Virtual City Testbed is a traffic simulation framework built to closely model human behavior by allowing ...

  19. Scaling Microblogging Services with Divergent Traffic Demands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almeroth, Kevin C.

    Scaling Microblogging Services with Divergent Traffic Demands Tianyin Xu1 , Yang Chen1 , Lei Jiao1 client-server architecture has not scaled with user demands, leading to server overload and significant #12;Scaling Microblogging Services with Divergent Traffic Demands 21 producing effective predictions

  20. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/18/2013 2 GW-VCU Draft #12;P: BC & DH100 3D Risk Profile All FV - Pot. Ground. Oil OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/18/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIALVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding

  1. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/18/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIALVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision Oil Loss Dr. J. Rene van Dorp and Dr. Jason R.W Merrick 11/18/2013 1 GW-VCU November 2013 CASE P: BASE

  2. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    ) 2010 Draft #12;11/18/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OILVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding Oil Loss Dr. J. Rene van Dorp and Dr. Jason R.W Merrick 11/18/2013 1 GW-VCU November 2013 CASE P: BASE

  3. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;P: BC & DH100 3D Risk Profile All FV - Oil Time Exposure: 100 Draft #12;11/18/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE Draft

  4. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    COLLISION OIL LOSS - PCO Draft #12;11/19/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIALVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision Oil Loss Dr. J. Rene van Dorp and Dr. Jason R.W Merrick 11/19/2013 1 GW-VCU November 2013 CASE P: BASE

  5. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    -VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/17/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3 RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIAL GROUNDING OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;DEFINITION OF 15 WATERWAY

  6. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    OIL LOSS - PGO Draft #12;11/19/2013 5 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 POTENTIALVESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding Oil Loss Dr. J. Rene van Dorp and Dr. Jason R.W Merrick 11/19/2013 1 GW-VCU November 2013 CASE P: BASE

  7. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;P: BC & OB HE100 3D Risk Profile All FV - Oil Time Exposure: 100% of Base;11/19/2013 4 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 OIL TIME EXPOSURE- OTE Draft #12;11/19/2013 5 GW

  8. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure Escort for all Focus Vessels on Haro Routes Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT VESSEL FOR HARO-BOUNDARY ROUTES (GREEN

  9. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT VESSEL All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 125% of Base Case VTE 23-24 22-23 21-22 20-21 19-20 18-19 17-18 16

  10. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure GW-VCU Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 RMM 1: Max. Speed of Container Vessels at 17 knots. RMM 2: Reduce Human Error incident on Oil Barges by 50% RMM 3: No Bunkering

  11. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure Escort Cape Size Draft #12;11/21/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT VESSEL FOR HARO-BOUNDARY ROUTES (GREEN) AND FOR ROSARIO ROUTES (ORANGE

  12. INTEGRATION: An Overview of Traffic Simulation Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hellinga, Bruce

    emissions, and more recently the combined modeling of traffic and communications subsystems. However, all, such as the addition of car-following logic, lane-changing logic, and more dynamic traffic assignment routines. However plazas, vehicle emissions, weaving sections, and HOVs. In addition, some features, such as the real

  13. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision;11/22/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/22/2013 3 GW-VCU Draft #12;T: GW - KM - DP & ER 3D Risk Profile All FV

  14. Seven Traffic Signals in Two Minutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2011-01-01

    Topeka, KS has activated the first of three key traffic corridors to receive a "green light tunnel," a real-time adaptive traffic signal system that synchronizes signals to create a series of green lights for motorists. The result is fewer stops, less travel time and -- most importantly -- a lot of saved gasoline.

  15. The National Traffic Safety Summit Traffic Incident Management, Traffic Homicide Investigation and Mitigation Strategies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S.Week Day Year(activeInforumMILC The NERSCIgnitionTraffic

  16. Fact #580: July 20, 2009 Traffic Congestion Grows | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Texas Transportation Institute's latest study on traffic congestion, two of every three cars experienced congestion in their morning or evening trip in 2007. As expected, traffic...

  17. Impact of Traffic States on Freeway Collision Frequency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeo, Hwasoo; Jang, Kitae; Skabardonis, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    a section using upstream and downstream traffic states: freeBQ). In FF, both upstream and downstream traffic phases arephase means that both upstream and downstream locations are

  18. Uniform-burning matrix burner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bohn, Mark S. (Golden, CO); Anselmo, Mark (Arvada, CO)

    2001-01-01

    Computer simulation was used in the development of an inward-burning, radial matrix gas burner and heat pipe heat exchanger. The burner and exchanger can be used to heat a Stirling engine on cloudy days when a solar dish, the normal source of heat, cannot be used. Geometrical requirements of the application forced the use of the inward burning approach, which presents difficulty in achieving a good flow distribution and air/fuel mixing. The present invention solved the problem by providing a plenum with just the right properties, which include good flow distribution and good air/fuel mixing with minimum residence time. CFD simulations were also used to help design the primary heat exchanger needed for this application which includes a plurality of pins emanating from the heat pipe. The system uses multiple inlet ports, an extended distance from the fuel inlet to the burner matrix, flow divider vanes, and a ring-shaped, porous grid to obtain a high-temperature uniform-heat radial burner. Ideal applications include dish/Stirling engines, steam reforming of hydrocarbons, glass working, and any process requiring high temperature heating of the outside surface of a cylindrical surface.

  19. Chapter 21: Residential Lighting Evaluation Protocol. Uniform...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Evaluation Protocol The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures Created as part of subcontract with period of...

  20. Chapter 16: Retrocommissioning Evaluation Protocol. The Uniform...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Evaluation Protocol The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures Created as part of subcontract with period of...

  1. A First Look at Modern Enterprise Traffic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pang, Ruoming; Mark Allman, Mark; Bennett, Mike; Lee, Jason; Paxson, Vern; Tierney, Brian

    2005-06-01

    While wide-area Internet traffic has been heavily studied for many years, the characteristics of traffic inside Internet enterprises remain almost wholly unexplored. Nearly all of the studies of enterprise traffic available in the literature are well over a decade old and focus on individual LANs rather than whole sites. In this paper we present a broad overview of internal enterprise traffic recorded at a medium-sized site. The packet traces span more than 100 hours, over which activity from a total of several thousand internal hosts appears. This wealth of data--which we are publicly releasing in anonymized form--spans a wide range of dimensions. While we cannot form general conclusions using data from a single site, and clearly this sort of data merits additional in-depth study in a number of ways, in this work we endeavor to characterize a number of the most salient aspects of the traffic. Our goal is to provide a first sense of ways in which modern enterprise traffic is similar to wide-area Internet traffic, and ways in which it is quite different.

  2. Brachistochrone of a Spherical Uniform Mass Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David R. Mitchell

    2008-08-23

    We solve the brachistochrone problem for a particle travelling through a spherical mass distribution of uniform density. We examine the connection between this problem and the popular "gravity elevator" result. The solution is compared to the well known brachistochrone problem of a particle in a uniform gravitational field.

  3. Fast Downward Uniform Portfolio Jendrik Seipp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vetter, Thomas

    Fast Downward Uniform Portfolio Jendrik Seipp Universit¨at Basel Basel, Switzerland jendrik.seipp@unibas.ch Manuel Braun Johannes Garimort Albert-Ludwigs-Universit¨at Freiburg Freiburg, Germany The Fast Downward uniform portfolio runs 21 automati- cally configured Fast Downward instantiations sequentially

  4. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;11/17/2013 4 GW

  5. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 12/12/2013 2 GW-VCU Draft #12-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/12/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/12/2013 4 GW

  6. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

  7. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/20/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/20/2013 3 GW-VCU #12

  8. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  9. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/12/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/12/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;12/12/2013 4 GW

  10. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/17/2013 2 GW-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  11. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  12. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  13. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Oil Time Exposure Dr-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  14. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/20/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/20/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 #12

  15. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/19/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/19/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  16. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Collision-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/23/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/23/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 #12

  17. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/12/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/12/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  18. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/20/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 11/20/2013 3 GW-VCU #12

  19. UNIFORM GUIDANCE Goal for Reform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Kristen L.

    Target audits on risk of waste, fraud and abuse 2 #12;COFAR "Strong ControlsYield Better Outcomes Potential changes to their systems and websites Limited coordination among agencies 6 #12;Grantee Community Measuring local impact Not panicked (yet) Designate workgroup(s) Seeking consensus on interpretations

  20. Fair Internet traffic integration: network flow models and analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Frank

    Fair Internet traffic integration: network flow models and analysis Peter Key, Laurent Massoulié the integration of two types of Internet traffic, elastic file transfers and streaming traffic. Previous studies have concentrated on just one type of traffic, such as the flow level models of Internet congestion

  1. Scaling Microblogging Services with Divergent Traffic Demands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Xiaoming

    Scaling Microblogging Services with Divergent Traffic Demands Tianyin Xu, Yang Chen, Lei Jiao, Ben-server architecture has not scaled with user demands, lead- ing to server overload and significant impairment

  2. Smart-card traffic system keeps Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Julian

    Smart-card traffic system keeps Singapore in the fast lane Sir -- Recognizing the high economic tariffs from a smart card installed in a slot near the vehicle's windscreen. Infringement is registered

  3. Built Environmental Correlates of Traffic Collisions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Chia-Yuan

    2014-07-01

    relationships between built environmental attributes and crashes with different levels of injury severity in census block groups in Austin, TX. The results showed that traffic volume, highways/freeways, arterial roads, and commercial uses had consistently...

  4. Reverse Engineering User Behaviors From Network Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Guowu

    2013-01-01

    of user requests to web pages with beacon, ad, and either inof modern web traffic and web-pages, Ihm et al. proposed abeacons to track their web pages and objects. Intuitively,

  5. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure & No Bunkering Draft #12;Q: GW 487 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 113% of Base Case VTE 23-24 22-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;Q: GW 487 & NB

  6. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure + Bunkering Draft #12;P: Base Case 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 100% of Base Case VTE 23-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;S: DP 415 3

  7. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure & No Bunkering & Only Haro Draft #12;Q: GW 487 & NB 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 108% of Base-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  8. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure + Cargo FV set at High December 2013 Draft #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time-12 10-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT

  9. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure + Bunkering Draft #12;P: Base Case 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 100% of Base Case VTE 23-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;R: KM 348 3

  10. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure ­ DP & Tankers set Low #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 125% of Base-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/23/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 #12;T

  11. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure GW-VCU Draft #12;P: Base Case 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 100% of Base Case VTE 23-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;T: GW - KM

  12. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure + Bunkering Draft #12;P: Base Case 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 100% of Base Case VTE 23-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/17/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12;Q: GW 487 3

  13. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure + Cargo FV set Low December 2013 Draft #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure-11 9-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/23/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA

  14. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure set at High December 2013 Draft #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 125-10 8-9 7-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/13/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

  15. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure and Cargo FV set at High Draft #12;P: Base Case 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 100% of Base-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 12/12/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  16. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure Way ATB's Rosario #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 125% of Base Case-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/20/2013 2 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 #12;T: GW

  17. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Potential Grounding RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 DEFINITION OF ASSUMED LOCATIONS FOR ADDED ESCORT VESSEL FOR HARO-8 6-7 5-6 4-5 3-4 2-3 1-2 0-1 11/21/2013 3 GW-VCU VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 Draft #12

  18. TrafficView: Traffic Data Dissemination using Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    TrafficView: Traffic Data Dissemination using Car-to-Car Communication Tamer Nadeema, Sasan high- tech devices are integrated, and a common platform for inter-vehicle communication is necessary platform for inter-vehicle communication is necessary to realize an intelligent transportation system

  19. IEEE INFOCOM 2001 Behavior of TCP-like elastic traffic at a buffered

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwefel, Hans-Peter

    IEEE INFOCOM 2001 Behavior of TCP-like elastic traffic at a buffered bottleneck router Hans by a stochastic process. The essential behavior of TCP-like flow-control mechanisms is captured in the analytic to existing congestion, the throttling mechanism is only activated when the buffer-occupancy at the bottleneck

  20. Optimization-based queue estimation on an arterial traffic link with measurement uncertainties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Roberto

    ABSTRACT Advanced monitoring and control of arterial road traffic network operations requires accurate constraints, image processing accuracy, and maintenance costs. Several proposed onramp queue estimation), or by introducing heuristic volume adjustment mechanisms (6, 7) or statistical analyses (10). In (5), vehicle re

  1. Non-uniform sampled scalar diffraction calculation using non-uniform fast Fourier transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimobaba, Tomoyoshi; Oikawa, Minoru; Okada, Naohisa; Endo, Yutaka; Hirayama, Ryuji; Ito, Tomoyoshi

    2013-01-01

    Scalar diffraction calculations such as the angular spectrum method (ASM) and Fresnel diffraction, are widely used in the research fields of optics, X-rays, electron beams, and ultrasonics. It is possible to accelerate the calculation using fast Fourier transform (FFT); unfortunately, acceleration of the calculation of non-uniform sampled planes is limited due to the property of the FFT that imposes uniform sampling. In addition, it gives rise to wasteful sampling data if we calculate a plane having locally low and high spatial frequencies. In this paper, we developed non-uniform sampled ASM and Fresnel diffraction to improve the problem using the non-uniform FFT.

  2. Electrode with transparent series resistance for uniform switching of optical modulation devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tench, D. Morgan (Camarillo, CA); Cunningham, Michael A. (Thousand Oaks, CA); Kobrin, Paul H. (Newbury Park, CA)

    2008-01-08

    Switching uniformity of an optical modulation device for controlling the propagation of electromagnetic radiation is improved by use of an electrode comprising an electrically resistive layer that is transparent to the radiation. The resistive layer is preferably an innerlayer of a wide-bandgap oxide sandwiched between layers of indium tin oxide or another transparent conductor, and may be of uniform thickness, or may be graded so as to provide further improvement in the switching uniformity. The electrode may be used with electrochromic and reversible electrochemical mirror (REM) smart window devices, as well as display devices based on various technologies.

  3. Synthesis of provably correct controllers for autonomous vehicles in urban environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wongpiromsarn, Tichakorn

    This paper considers automatic synthesis of provably correct controllers for autonomous vehicles operating in an urban environment populated with static obstacles and live traffic. We express traffic rules such as collision ...

  4. Ground controlled precision landing delivery in the presence of radar disturbances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durocher, Cort Louis

    1977-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of Air Traffic Control is to ensure separation of aircraft in the most efficient manner possible. The need for efficiency is becoming more important as air traffic continues to increase at a high ...

  5. The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures (April 2013) The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy...

  6. The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings...

  7. Real-Time Traffic Information for Emergency Evacuation Operations: Phase A Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Zhang, Li [Mississippi State University (MSU); Mahmoud, Anas M. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Wen, Yi [Mississippi State University (MSU)

    2010-05-01

    There are many instances in which it is possible to plan ahead for an emergency evacuation (e.g., an explosion at a chemical processing facility). For those cases, if an accident (or an attack) were to happen, then the best evacuation plan for the prevailing network and weather conditions would be deployed. In other cases (e.g., the derailment of a train transporting hazardous materials), there may not be any previously developed plan to be implemented and decisions must be made ad-hoc on how to proceed with an emergency evacuation. In both situations, the availability of real-time traffic information plays a critical role in the management of the evacuation operations. To improve public safety during a vehicular emergency evacuation it is necessary to detect losses of road capacity (due to incidents, for example) as early as possible. Once these bottlenecks are identified, re-routing strategies must be determined in real-time and deployed in the field to help dissipate the congestion and increase the efficiency of the evacuation. Due to cost constraints, only large urban areas have traffic sensor deployments that permit access to some sort of real-time traffic information; any evacuation taking place in any other areas of the country would have to proceed without real-time traffic information. The latter was the focus of this SERRI/DHS (Southeast Region Research Initiative/Department of Homeland Security) sponsored project. That is, the main objective on the project was to improve the operations during a vehicular emergency evacuation anywhere by using newly developed real-time traffic-information-gathering technologies to assess traffic conditions and therefore to potentially detect incidents on the main evacuation routes. Phase A of the project consisted in the development and testing of a prototype system composed of sensors that are engineered in such a way that they can be rapidly deployed in the field where and when they are needed. Each one of these sensors is also equipped with their own power supply and a GPS (Global Positioning System) device to auto-determine its spatial location on the transportation network under surveillance. The system is capable of assessing traffic parameters by identifying and re-identifying vehicles in the traffic stream as those vehicles pass over the sensors. The system of sensors transmits, through wireless communication, real-time traffic information (travel time and other parameters) to a command and control center via an NTCIP (National Transportation Communication for ITS Protocol) -compatible interface. As an alternative, an existing NTCIP-compatible system accepts the real-time traffic information mentioned and broadcasts the traffic information to emergency managers, the media and the public via the existing channels. A series of tests, both in a controlled environment and on the field, were conducted to study the feasibility of rapidly deploying the system of traffic sensors and to assess its ability to provide real-time traffic information during an emergency evacuation. The results of these tests indicated that the prototype sensors are reliable and accurate for the type of application that is the focus of this project.

  8. Automated identification of terminal area air traffic flows and weather related deviations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Tony M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Air traffic in terminal air space is very complex, making it very difficult to identify air traffic flows. Finding air traffic flows and flow boundaries are very helpful in analyzing how air traffic would react to weather. ...

  9. Development and implementation of algorithms used in ground and internet traffic monitoring 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ametha, Jayesh

    2001-01-01

    Two different problems have been analyzed, one involving Traffic Management Centers (TMCs), while the other involves Internet traffic monitoring at a network router. TMCs detect traffic incidents and manage traffic using Automatic Incident Detection...

  10. Fact #581: July 27, 2009 Fuel Wasted in Traffic Congestion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The researchers at the Texas Transportation Institute have recently published new estimates of the effects of traffic congestion. Nearly 3 billion gallons of fuel is wasted each year due to traffic...

  11. A mathematical model and descent algorithm for bilevel traffic management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patriksson, Michael

    demands, the possible presence of side constraints in the traff* *ic equilibrium system in cities with the immediate side effect of an incr* *ease in traffic demand. A functioning society depends traffic management Michael Patriksson* and R. Tyrrell Rockafellary

  12. Traffic prediction and navigation using historical and current information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sejoon

    2008-01-01

    We developed a traffic prediction and navigation system that deals with uncertainty of road traffic conditions by stochastic modeling of road networks. Our system consists of a data collecting system, a data management ...

  13. Off-line calibration of Dynamic Traffic Assignment models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balakrishna, Ramachandran, 1978-

    2006-01-01

    Advances in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have resulted in the deployment of surveillance systems that automatically collect and store extensive network-wide traffic data. Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) models ...

  14. Laboratory to change vehicle traffic-screening regimen at vehicle...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Changes to vehicle traffic-screening Laboratory to change vehicle traffic-screening regimen at vehicle inspection station Lanes two through five will be open 24 hours a day and...

  15. Non-Uniform Entropy Compression for Uniform Energy Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    -non-homogeneity in the network. Bottleneck nodes trade computation energy for transmission energy, which extends and normalizesNon-Uniform Entropy Compression for Uniform Energy Distribution in Wireless Sensor Networks to increase the network's lifetime and to normalize the energy use per unit time, but they each have

  16. Large-population cost-coupled LQG problems: generalizations to non-uniform individuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Minyi

    of such large-scale cost-coupled systems is motivated by a variety of scenarios, for instance, dynamic economic models involving agents linked via a market, and power control in mobile wireless communications aggre- gation procedure for the design of decentralized control. In the non-uniform case studied here

  17. Traffic Characterisation for Telecommunication Networks Attila Vidcs, Zsolt Kenesi, kos Rtfalvi, Pter Pozsgai, Sndor Molnr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molnár, Sándor

    the whole set of renewal processes for traffic characterisation. In data traffic modelling the so called ON depends on the nature of the traffic thereby there is an urgent need to find appropriate traffic models the nature of the traffic in future services. In spite of these difficulties of traffic modelling numerous

  18. Internet Traffic Modeling Using the Index of Variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    traffic models: the Two-State Markov Modulated Poisson Process (MMPP) and the renewal process1 Internet Traffic Modeling Using the Index of Variability Georgios Y. Lazarou, Xiangdong Xia and is analytically tractable for many popular traffic models. Using this proposed measure, we then analyzed two

  19. A Twostep Statistical Approach for Inferring Network Traffic Demands #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Two­step Statistical Approach for Inferring Network Traffic Demands # A. Medina 1 , K. Salamatian knowledge of traffic demands in a communication net­ work enables or enhances a variety of traffic measuring a complete set of these demands is prohibitively expensive because of the huge amounts of data

  20. Adaptive Traffic Lights Using Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    Adaptive Traffic Lights Using Car-to-Car Communication Victor Gradinescu, Cristian Gorgorin, Raluca presents an adaptive traffic light system based on wireless communication between vehicles and fixed adaptive traffic light system. In section 4, we present the simulation framework we have developed

  1. Internet traffic growth: Sources and implications Andrew M. Odlyzko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odlyzko, Andrew M.

    Internet traffic growth: Sources and implications Andrew M. Odlyzko University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA ABSTRACT The high tech bubble was inflated by myths of astronomical Internet traffic growth rates. Yet although these myths were false, Internet traffic was increasing very rapidly, close

  2. Internet Traffic Matrices: A Primer Paul Tune and Matthew Roughan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roughan, Matthew

    Internet Traffic Matrices: A Primer Paul Tune and Matthew Roughan School of Mathematical Sciences of various services from the Internet has led to an exponential growth of Internet traffic in the last decade for testing routing protocols. We conclude the chapter by summarising open questions in Internet traffic

  3. Stability for scalar balance laws; Application to pedestrian traffic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercier, Magali

    1 L1 Stability for scalar balance laws; Application to pedestrian traffic. Magali Mercier Universit-local flow, which appears for example in a new model of pedestrian traffic. 1 Introduction We consider condition. This is of interest in pedestrian traffic if for example we want to minimize the time of exit out

  4. UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIVERSITY OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This is a living document which undergoes timely and periodic review and revision #12;Overview This Strategic training, leadership training, and a deep and abiding commitment to selfless service, the uniformed services ethos, and the security of the United States. The University's Mission The mission

  5. Asymmetric Multiclass Traffic Assignment: a coherent formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toint, Philippe

    of the asymmetric multiclass traffic assignment model are brought to light. A new formulation is presented, multiclass cost functions. A numerical calibration exercise for a car and truck class model concludes in the definition of coherent multiple value­of­time class and car­and­truck class models, and in the calibration

  6. Does Daylight Savings Time Affect Traffic Accidents? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deen, Sophia 1988-

    2012-04-20

    This paper studies the effect of changes in accident pattern due to Daylight Savings Time (DST). The extension of the DST in 2007 provides a natural experiment to determine whether the number of traffic accidents is affected by shifts in hours...

  7. Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinath, B. R.

    Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson , Ashok Anand , Aditya Akella and Ming Zhang UW-Madison, Microsoft Research ABSTRACT As data centers become more and more central patterns in data center networks that can inform and help evaluate research and operational approaches. We

  8. Performance Analysis of Isolated Intersection Traffic Signals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Kai

    2013-08-01

    This dissertation analyzes two unsolved problems to fulfill the gap in the literature: (1). What is the vehicle delay and intersection capacity considering left-turn traffic at a pre-timed signal? (2). What are the mean and variance of delay...

  9. TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iftode, Liviu

    TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication an intelligent transportation system, a common platform for inter-vehicle communication is needed. This platform, Directions, etc. Slide bar for areas infront or behind you Your car Other cars Fig. 1. Example of Traffic

  10. Variability in continuous traffic monitoring data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, T.; Hu, P.S.; Young, J.

    1996-07-01

    Each state in the United States can be viewed as a universe of road segments. For each road segment in each state, it is desired to know various traffic characteristics based on count data, classification count data, and weigh-in-motion data. These data are absolutely essential for highway design, maintenance, safety, and planning. Given no cost constraints, each road segment would be continuously monitored every day of the year. However, in practice, a few road segments are monitored continuously every day of the year to produce annual characteristics of traffic flow. The remaining road segments are monitored for one or two days each year, and this resulting data are `adjusted` (using factors based on data collected from the continuously monitored road segments) to produce estimates of annual characteristics. With this general approach, each state strives to provide estimates of annual characteristics for each road segment within its jurisdiction. In 1985, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) published the Traffic Monitoring Guide to assist states in achieving this end. As with almost any data collection effort, the monitoring data suffers from errors from many sources. In this paper, we report some empirical findings in a research project sponsored by the FHWA. This research project studied the variability in the traffic data from the continuously monitored road segments from state(s) and, the extent to which this variability is transferred to and affects the precision of the data produced from the road segments which are monitored only one or two days each year. The ultimate hope is that states will eventually be able to not only publish an estimate of a characteristic such as Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT) for each road segment, but also that each estimate will be accompanied by a statement expressing how good the estimate is in terms of its estimated variability or precision, which will likely be expressed as a coefficient of variation.

  11. Electroosmotic flow in Hele-Shaw configurations with non-uniform surface charge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyko, Evgeniy; Gat, Amir D; Bercovici, Moran

    2015-01-01

    We present an analytical study, validated by numerical simulations, of electroosmotic flow in a Hele-Shaw cell with non-uniform surface charge patterning. Applying the lubrication approximation and assuming thin electric double layer, we obtain a pair of uncoupled Poisson equations which relate the pressure and the stream function, respectively, to gradients in the zeta potential distribution parallel and perpendicular to the applied electric field. We solve the governing equations for the fundamental case of a disk with uniform zeta potential and show that the flow-field in the outer region takes the form of a pure dipole. We illustrate the ability to generate complex flow-fields around smooth convex regions by superposition of such disks with uniform zeta potential and a uniform pressure driven flow. This method may be useful for future on-chip devices, allowing flow control without the need for mechanical components.

  12. Automatic grinding apparatus to control uniform specimen thicknesses

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bryner, Joseph S. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1982-01-01

    This invention is directed to a new and improved grinding apparatus comprising (1) a movable grinding surface, (2) a specimen holder, (3) a displacing device for moving the holder and/or grinding surface toward one another, and (4) at least three devices for limiting displacement of the holder to the grinding surface.

  13. Gaussian states and geometrically uniform symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gianfranco Cariolaro; Roberto Corvaja; Gianfranco Pierobon

    2014-10-20

    Quantum Gaussian states can be considered as the majority of the practical quantum states used in quantum communications and more generally in quantum information. Here we consider their properties in relation with the geometrically uniform symmetry, a property of quantum states that greatly simplifies the derivation of the optimal decision by means of the square root measurements. In a general framework of the $N$-mode Gaussian states we show the general properties of this symmetry and the application of the optimal quantum measurements. An application example is presented, to quantum communication systems employing pulse position modulation. We prove that the geometrically uniform symmetry can be applied to the general class of multimode Gaussian states.

  14. Making the Traffic Operations Case for Congestion Pricing: Operational Impacts of Congestion Pricing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL; Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Davidson, Diane [ORNL

    2011-02-01

    Congestion begins when an excess of vehicles on a segment of roadway at a given time, resulting in speeds that are significantly slower than normal or 'free flow' speeds. Congestion often means stop-and-go traffic. The transition occurs when vehicle density (the number of vehicles per mile in a lane) exceeds a critical level. Once traffic enters a state of congestion, recovery or time to return to a free-flow state is lengthy; and during the recovery process, delay continues to accumulate. The breakdown in speed and flow greatly impedes the efficient operation of the freeway system, resulting in economic, mobility, environmental and safety problems. Freeways are designed to function as access-controlled highways characterized by uninterrupted traffic flow so references to freeway performance relate primarily to the quality of traffic flow or traffic conditions as experienced by users of the freeway. The maximum flow or capacity of a freeway segment is reached while traffic is moving freely. As a result, freeways are most productive when they carry capacity flows at 60 mph, whereas lower speeds impose freeway delay, resulting in bottlenecks. Bottlenecks may be caused by physical disruptions, such as a reduced number of lanes, a change in grade, or an on-ramp with a short merge lane. This type of bottleneck occurs on a predictable or 'recurrent' basis at the same time of day and same day of week. Recurrent congestion totals 45% of congestion and is primarily from bottlenecks (40%) as well as inadequate signal timing (5%). Nonrecurring bottlenecks result from crashes, work zone disruptions, adverse weather conditions, and special events that create surges in demand and that account for over 55% of experienced congestion. Figure 1.1 shows that nonrecurring congestion is composed of traffic incidents (25%), severe weather (15%), work zones, (10%), and special events (5%). Between 1995 and 2005, the average percentage change in increased peak traveler delay, based on hours spent in traffic in a year, grew by 22% as the national average of hours spent in delay grew from 36 hours to 44 hours. Peak delay per traveler grew one-third in medium-size urban areas over the 10 year period. The traffic engineering community has developed an arsenal of integrated tools to mitigate the impacts of congestion on freeway throughput and performance, including pricing of capacity to manage demand for travel. Congestion pricing is a strategy which dynamically matches demand with available capacity. A congestion price is a user fee equal to the added cost imposed on other travelers as a result of the last traveler's entry into the highway network. The concept is based on the idea that motorists should pay for the additional congestion they create when entering a congested road. The concept calls for fees to vary according to the level of congestion with the price mechanism applied to make travelers more fully aware of the congestion externality they impose on other travelers and the system itself. The operational rationales for the institution of pricing strategies are to improve the efficiency of operations in a corridor and/or to better manage congestion. To this end, the objectives of this project were to: (1) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the study of actual projects, and (2) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the use of modeling and other analytical methods. Specifically, the project was to identify credible analytical procedures that FHWA can use to quantify the impacts of various congestion pricing strategies on traffic flow (throughput) and congestion.

  15. Processing of materials for uniform field emission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pam, Lawrence S. (Pleasanton, CA); Felter, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA); Talin, Alec (Livermore, CA); Ohlberg, Douglas (Mountain View, CA); Fox, Ciaran (Stanford, CA); Han, Sung (Pojoaque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    This method produces a field emitter material having a uniform electron emitting surface and a low turn-on voltage. Field emitter materials having uniform electron emitting surfaces as large as 1 square meter and turn-on voltages as low as 16V/.mu.m can be produced from films of electron emitting materials such as polycrystalline diamond, diamond-like carbon, graphite and amorphous carbon by the method of the present invention. The process involves conditioning the surface of a field emitter material by applying an electric field to the surface, preferably by scanning the surface of the field emitter material with an electrode maintained at a fixed distance of at least 3 .mu.m above the surface of the field emitter material and at a voltage of at least 500V. In order to enhance the uniformity of electron emission the step of conditioning can be preceeded by ion implanting carbon, nitrogen, argon, oxygen or hydrogen into the surface layers of the field emitter material.

  16. An expert system for generating terminal area flight paths for arriving aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoune, Michel

    Air-traffic congestion and frequent saturation of major airports require improved Air Traffic Control procedures to make the flow of traffic more uniform and increase system capacity. Advanced technologies allow an increased ...

  17. The Physics of Traffic and Regional Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helbing, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    This contribution summarizes and explains various principles from physics which are used for the simulation of traffic flows in large street networks, the modeling of destination, transport mode, and route choice, or the simulation of urban growth and regional development. The methods stem from many-particle physics, from kinetic gas theory, or fluiddynamics. They involve energy and entropy considerations, transfer the law of gravity, apply cellular automata and require methods from evolutionary game theory. In this way, one can determine interaction forces among driver-vehicle units, reproduce breakdowns of traffic including features of synchronized congested flow, or understand changing usage patterns of alternative roads. One can also describe daily activity patterns based on decision models, simulate migration streams, and model urban growth as a particular kind of aggregation process.

  18. Metropolitan Road Traffic Simulation on FPGAs.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripp J. L. (Justin L.); Mortveit, H. S. (Henning S.); Hansson, A. A. (Anders A.); Gokhale, M. (Maya)

    2005-01-01

    This work demonstrates that road traffic simulation of entire metropolitan areas is possible with reconfigurable supercomputing that combines 64-bit microprocessors and FPGAs in a high bandwidth, low latency interconnect. Previously, traffic simulation on FPGAs was limited to very short road segments or required a very large number of FPGAs. Our data streaming approach overcomes scaling issues associated with direct implementations and still allows for high-level parallelism by dividing the data sets between hardware and software across the reconfigurable supercomputer. Using one FPGA on the Cray XD1 supercomputer, we are able to achieve a 34.4 x speed up over the AMD microprocessor. System integration issues must be optimized to exploit this speedup in the overall simulation.

  19. VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Dorp, Johan René

    VESSEL TRAFFIC RISK ASSESSMENT (VTRA) 2010 3D Relative Risk Profile Comparison Vessel Time Exposure & Additional Variability of Case T What-If Focus Vessel Arrivals Draft #12;T: GW - KM - DP 3D Risk Profile All FV - Vessel Time Exposure: 125% of Base Case VTE 23-24 22-23 21-22 20-21 19-20 18-19 17-18 16-17 15

  20. FPGA Based Real-time Network Traffic Analysis using Traffic Dispersion Patterns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, F; Gokhale, M; Chuah, C N

    2010-03-26

    The problem of Network Traffic Classification (NTC) has attracted significant amount of interest in the research community, offering a wide range of solutions at various levels. The core challenge is in addressing high amounts of traffic diversity found in today's networks. The problem becomes more challenging if a quick detection is required as in the case of identifying malicious network behavior or new applications like peer-to-peer traffic that have potential to quickly throttle the network bandwidth or cause significant damage. Recently, Traffic Dispersion Graphs (TDGs) have been introduced as a viable candidate for NTC. The TDGs work by forming a network wide communication graphs that embed characteristic patterns of underlying network applications. However, these patterns need to be quickly evaluated for mounting real-time response against them. This paper addresses these concerns and presents a novel solution for real-time analysis of Traffic Dispersion Metrics (TDMs) in the TDGs. We evaluate the dispersion metrics of interest and present a dedicated solution on an FPGA for their analysis. We also present analytical measures and empirically evaluate operating effectiveness of our design. The mapped design on Virtex-5 device can process 7.4 million packets/second for a TDG comprising of 10k flows at very high accuracies of over 96%.

  1. A computational study of chemically heterogeneous particles: patchy vs. uniform particles in shear flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marina Bendersky; Maria M. Santore; Jeffrey M. Davis

    2015-06-18

    The adhesion of flowing particles and biological cells over fixed collecting surfaces is vitally important in diverse situations and potentially controlled by small-scale surface heterogeneity on the particle. Differences in the behavior of patchy particles (flowing over uniform collectors) relative to the reverse case of uniform particles (flowing over patchy collectors) are quantified. Because a particle rotates more slowly than it translates in the shear field near a collecting surface, the effective interaction time of a patch on a particle is larger than that of a patch on the collector, suggesting distinct particle capture tendencies in each case. This paper presents a new computational approach to simulate the near-surface motion (rotation and translation) of particles having nanoscale surface heterogeneities flowing over uniform collectors. Small amounts of ~10 nm cationic patches randomly distributed on a net-negative particle surface produced spatially varying DLVO interactions that were computed via the Grid Surface Integration (GSI) technique and then combined with hydrodynamic forces in a mobility tensor formulation. Statistical analysis of simulated trajectories revealed fewer extrema in the fluctuating particle-collector separation of heterogeneous particles, compared with the reverse system geometry of uniform particles flowing past a heterogeneous fixed surface. Additionally, the patchy particles were captured to a lesser extent on uniform surfaces compared with the case of uniform particles flowing above patchy collectors. Such behavior was dependent on ionic strength, with the greatest differences obtained near a Debye length of $\\kappa^{-1} = 4$ nm for the $2a = 500$ nm simulated particles.

  2. Quantum Radiation of Uniformly Accelerated Spherical Mirrors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Frolov; D. Singh

    2001-06-07

    We study quantum radiation generated by a uniformly accelerated motion of small spherical mirrors. To obtain Green's function for a scalar massless field we use Wick's rotation. In the Euclidean domain the problem is reduced to finding an electric potential in 4D flat space in the presence of a metallic toroidal boundary. The latter problem is solved by a separation of variables. After performing an inverse Wick's rotation we obtain the Hadamard function in the wave-zone regime and use it to calculate the vacuum fluctuations and the vacuum expectation for the energy density flux in the wave zone.

  3. Traffic congestion forecasting model for the INFORM System. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azarm, A.; Mughabghab, S.; Stock, D.

    1995-05-01

    This report describes a computerized traffic forecasting model, developed by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) for a portion of the Long Island INFORM Traffic Corridor. The model has gone through a testing phase, and currently is able to make accurate traffic predictions up to one hour forward in time. The model will eventually take on-line traffic data from the INFORM system roadway sensors and make projections as to future traffic patterns, thus allowing operators at the New York State Department of Transportation (D.O.T.) INFORM Traffic Management Center to more optimally manage traffic. It can also form the basis of a travel information system. The BNL computer model developed for this project is called ATOP for Advanced Traffic Occupancy Prediction. The various modules of the ATOP computer code are currently written in Fortran and run on PC computers (pentium machine) faster than real time for the section of the INFORM corridor under study. The following summarizes the various routines currently contained in the ATOP code: Statistical forecasting of traffic flow and occupancy using historical data for similar days and time (long term knowledge), and the recent information from the past hour (short term knowledge). Estimation of the empirical relationships between traffic flow and occupancy using long and short term information. Mechanistic interpolation using macroscopic traffic models and based on the traffic flow and occupancy forecasted (item-1), and the empirical relationships (item-2) for the specific highway configuration at the time of simulation (construction, lane closure, etc.). Statistical routine for detection and classification of anomalies and their impact on the highway capacity which are fed back to previous items.

  4. Florida County Seeks to Reduce Emissions and Improve Traffic

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    St. Johns County, Florida is tackling its traffic-timing problem with a little help from an Energy Department Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block grant. The county will use the grant to improve traffic flow by re-synchronizing signals at five major road segments. In total, 23 traffic signals will be retimed and synchronized, resulting in lower fuel consumption, shorter travel times, increased travel speed, less stopping and less engine idling.

  5. The Power of Non-Uniform Wireless Power Magnus M. Halldorsson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Power of Non-Uniform Wireless Power Magn´us M. Halld´orsson Stephan Holzer Pradipta Mitra Roger model when power control is available. This measure characterizes the effectiveness of using oblivious power -- when the power used by a transmitter only depends on the distance to the receiver

  6. Gears and belt drives for non-uniform transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nawratil, Georg

    Gears and belt drives for non-uniform transmission Hellmuth Stachel stachel of gearing 2. Non-uniform belt drives 3. On the existence of strict non-uniform belt drives EUCOMES08. Finsterwalder's principle of gearing The driving wheel 1 rotates about O1 through 1, the out-put wheel 2 rotates

  7. Measurements of Diesel Truck Traffic Associated with Goods Movement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houston, Douglas; Krudysz, Margaret; Winer, Arthur

    2007-01-01

    Concentrations of PM2.5 and Diesel Exhaust Particles onPatterns of Measured Port Diesel Traffic. (a) Intersectionof particulate emissions from diesel engines: a review’, J.

  8. Addendum to 2010 NREL Environmental Performance Report ? Traffic...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    was developed to address potential environmental impacts from changes in traffic at NREL and to support a Finding of No Significant Impact for several projects at the...

  9. NREL Leads Effort to Get Traffic Moving in Right Direction -...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Leads Effort to Get Traffic Moving in Right Direction Connected Traveler project will guide travelers in energy-efficient manner August 17, 2015 The Energy Department's...

  10. Mixing liquid holding tanks for uniform concentration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sprouse, K.M.

    1988-01-01

    Achieving uniform concentration within liquid holding tanks can often times be a difficult task for the nuclear chemical process industry. This is due to the fact that nuclear criticality concerns require these tanks to be designed with high internal aspect ratios such that the free movement of fluid is greatly inhibited. To determine the mixing times required to achieve uniform concentrations within these tanks, an experimental program was conducted utilizing pencil tanks, double-pencil tanks, and annular tanks of varying geometries filled with salt-water solutions (simulant for nitric acid actinide solutions). Mixing was accomplished by air sparging and/or pump recirculation. Detailed fluid mechanic mixing models were developed --from first principles--to analyze and interpret the test results. These nondimensional models show the functionality of the concentration inhomogeneity (defined as the relative standard deviation of the true concentration within the tank) in relationship to the characteristic mixing time--among other variables. The results can be readily used to scale tank geometries to sizes other than those studied here.

  11. Understanding the Contribution of Degraded Modes of Operation as a Cause of Incidents and Accidents in Air Traffic Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Chris

    of ground movement radar; factors which contributed to a degraded working environment. The Überlingen mid-air collision occurred when Air Traffic Control Officers (ATCOs) had to perform the manual correlation of radar failures. Hence most applications are routinely operated for short periods of time with some form

  12. Simultaneous Measurement of On-Road Vehicle Emissions and Traffic Flow Using Remote Sensing and an Area-Wide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    1 Simultaneous Measurement of On-Road Vehicle Emissions and Traffic Flow Using Remote Sensing Current practice for estimating vehicle emissions is based upon the use of planning-level vehicle mile input emissions data are based upon dynamometer testing of new vehicles under controlled conditions and

  13. Watching Traffic for an Anomaly: Data Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patwari, Neal

    -generated map -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 -2 -1.5 -1 -0.5 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 ATLA CHIN DNVR HSTN IPLS KSCY LOSA NYCM SNVA STTL WASH -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 ATLA CHIN DNVR HSTN IPLS KSCY LOSA [1] Plonka, D. "FlowScan: A Network Traffic Flow Reporting and Visualization Tool". In Proc. LISA

  14. Traffic lights for crop-based biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phalan, Ben

    stream_source_info Phalan_311010.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 11462 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Phalan_311010.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Traffic lights for crop-based biofuels Ben... if it reduces the number of pedestrians killed and injured. How is this relevant to biofuels? There are many different kinds of biofuels, including some with considerable potential to generate cleaner energy and boost rural economies, but also others which...

  15. Study on the relationship between left-turn traffic operations and safety at signalized intersections 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sunghoon

    2009-06-02

    Intersections are the most complex locations in a traffic system and are likely to have a higher crash count than any other location in the system. Intersection safety is related to traffic operations, such as traffic signal and approaching volume...

  16. MAC Sleep Mode Control Considering Downlink Traffic Pattern and Mobility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    .11 and IEEE 802.16 include energy saving techniques. These protocols, however, have a problem in minimizing-efficiency. Through simulations, we show that our proposed algorithm improves energy saving and delay performance-- energy saving, sleep mode, doze state. I. INTRODUCTION In wireless communications, the battery power

  17. Evaluating the SDN control traffic in large ISP networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the benign "ecosystem" of a large datacenter, where the network design is simplified by the adoption networks could lead to rethink the WAN as a kind of distributed datacenter. Many solutions have been

  18. Modular Composition of Synchronous Programs: Applications to Traffic Signal Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zennaro, Marco; Sengupta, Raja

    2006-01-01

    Synchronous Programs Figure 9: The model used to estimate the overhead 512 Mb ram machines.machines. Hence, we argue that we can distribute a Simulink-like synchronous

  19. Optimal Control of Hybrid Systems in Air Traffic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamgarpour, Maryam

    2011-01-01

    on factors including the crosswind and tailwind magnitudes,on factors including the crosswind and tailwind magnitudes,direction, referred to as the crosswind, or parallel to the

  20. Optimal Control of Hybrid Systems in Air Traffic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamgarpour, Maryam

    2011-01-01

    dynamics, we use the wind forecast data of July 6th, 2010,of Leihong et al. [156] wind forecast data is used in ordercertain thresholds. The wind forecast data is provided in

  1. A Decision Support Tool for Selecting Traffic Control Devices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, James Allan

    2015-04-17

    . Next, the author uses a portion of the same survey of transportation professionals to evaluate the importance of crashes, driver compliance, and mobility when ranking of transportation alternatives. The author concludes that compliance is a reasonable...

  2. On Efficient Bandwidth Allocation for Traffic Variability in Datacenters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lui, John C.S.

    On Efficient Bandwidth Allocation for Traffic Variability in Datacenters Jian Guo1 Fangming Liu1 of Hong Kong. Abstract--Datacenter networks suffer unpredictable perfor- mance due to a lack dynamic traffic in datacenter networks. In this paper, we consider the effects of large numbers of short

  3. Jetway: Minimizing Costs on Inter-Datacenter Video Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    Jetway: Minimizing Costs on Inter-Datacenter Video Traffic Yuan Feng, Baochun Li Department deploy a number of datacenters inter-connected by high-capacity links, spanning different geographical-to-customer video serving, constitutes a large portion of a cloud provider's inter- datacenter traffic. Charged

  4. ON DATA ACQUISITION, MODELING AND SIMULATION OF HIGHWAY TRAFFIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    pollution, health problems, stress, and discomfort. Therefore, the prediction of traffic jams, 1990): number of vehicles per time unit (traffic intensity), speed of the vehicles, occupancy level of vehicles passing at a certain point in a certain #12; data acquisition interfacing conditioning data

  5. Top-percentile traffic routing problem by Dynamic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grothey, Andreas

    Top-percentile traffic routing problem by Dynamic Programming Andreas Grothey, Xinan Yang School according to top-percentile pricing. We call this problem the Top-percentile Traffic Routing Problem (Tp problem, which is hard to solve due to the integer variables introduced by top-percentile pricing. Several

  6. A mathematical model and descent algorithm for bilevel traffic management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patriksson, Michael

    variables enter as parameters in the travel costs. We consider a (small) variety of model settings, and interpret their workings in terms of the traffic network. Key words: Traffic equilibrium; Stackelberg game derivative; Armijo line search; stationary point. 1 Introduction The need for measures to reduce congestion

  7. Nericell: Rich Monitoring of Roads and Traffic Using Mobile Smartphones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    Nericell: Rich Monitoring of Roads and Traffic Using Mobile Smartphones Joint work with Prashanth India 1 Ram Ramjee #12;Road and Traffic Monitoring 2 Bangalore Courtesy intersections · Potholes · Road bumps · ... Need to go beyond GPS-based vehicle tracking! #12;Widespread

  8. Pricing Schemes for Metropolitan Traffic Data Markets Negin Golrezaei1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 {golrezae, nazerzad of the pricing schemes applicable to data marketplaces in the context of transportation traffic data. Traffic congestion is a growing problem in many metropolitan areas. It not only wastes our time and energy

  9. Comparative Traffic Performance Analysis of Urban Transportation Network Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amini, Behnam; Mojarradi, Morteza; Derrible, Sybil

    2015-01-01

    The network structure of an urban transportation system has a significant impact on its traffic performance. This study uses network indicators along with several traffic performance measures including speed, trip length, travel time, and traffic volume, to compare a selection of seven transportation networks with a variety of structures and under different travel demand conditions. The selected network structures are: modified linear, branch, grid, 3-directional grid, 1-ring web, 2-ring web, and radial. For the analysis, a base origin-destination matrix is chosen, to which different growth factors are applied in order to simulate various travel demand conditions. Results show that overall the 2-ring web network offers the most efficient traffic performance, followed by the grid and the 1-ring networks. A policy application of this study is that the branch, 3-directional grid, and radial networks are mostly suited for small cities with uncongested traffic conditions. In contrast, the 2-ring web, grid, and 1-r...

  10. Please cite this article in press as: Kam KM, et al. On assessing spatial uniformity of particle distributions in quality control of manufacturing processes. J Manuf Syst (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmsy.2012.07.018

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jian

    2012-01-01

    , in the metal matrix nanocomposite (MMNC) fabrication processes where nano-sized ceramic particles are embedded strengthen the metal matrix, and the more uniformly the nanoparticles disperse, the bet- ter the composite matrix nanocomposite (MMNC) Tissue-engineered scaffolds a b s t r a c t There are many situations

  11. Radiochromic Film Measurement of Spatial Uniformity for a Laser...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Radiochromic Film Measurement of Spatial Uniformity for a Laser Generated X-ray Environment Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Radiochromic Film Measurement of Spatial...

  12. Chapter 15: Commercial New Construction Protocol. The Uniform...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Construction Protocol The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures Created as part of subcontract with period of...

  13. Visualization of Traffic Flow and Atmospheric Pollutant Flow in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    and air pollutants using polygons and translucent particles. The system is applied for public roads around.transport.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp CCity modelity model Air pollutionAir pollution simsim.. TrafficTraffic simsim.. CCity modelity model Air pollutionAir pollution simsim.. TrafficTraffic simsim.. #12;

  14. The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic safety: a time geography explanation Guangqing Chi a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic safety: a time geography explanation Guangqing Chi, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Keywords: Time geography Gasoline prices Traffic safety Traffic crashes Fatal crashes Space­time path a b s t r a c t The impact of gasoline price changes on traffic

  15. BBN Technical Memorandum No. 1321 Using Signal Processing to Analyze Wireless Data Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strayer, William Timothy

    such as tunneling, traf- fic aggregation, false traffic generation, and data padding. Tunneling hides the original and uses security gateways as the endpoints as traffic traverses hostile networks. Traffic aggregation works with tunneling under the theory of protection in numbers--many traffic flows all sharing the same

  16. A microwave applicator for uniform irradiation by circularly polarized waves in an anechoic chamber

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiang, W. Y.; Wu, M. H.; Wu, K. L.; Lin, M. H.; Teng, H. H.; Barnett, L. R.; Chu, K. R., E-mail: krchu@yahoo.com.tw [Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Tsai, Y. F.; Ko, C. C.; Yang, E. C. [Department of Entomology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Jiang, J. A. [Department of Bio-Industrial Mechatronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2014-08-15

    Microwave applicators are widely employed for materials heating in scientific research and industrial applications, such as food processing, wood drying, ceramic sintering, chemical synthesis, waste treatment, and insect control. For the majority of microwave applicators, materials are heated in the standing waves of a resonant cavity, which can be highly efficient in energy consumption, but often lacks the field uniformity and controllability required for a scientific study. Here, we report a microwave applicator for rapid heating of small samples by highly uniform irradiation. It features an anechoic chamber, a 24-GHz microwave source, and a linear-to-circular polarization converter. With a rather low energy efficiency, such an applicator functions mainly as a research tool. This paper discusses the significance of its special features and describes the structure, in situ diagnostic tools, calculated and measured field patterns, and a preliminary heating test of the overall system.

  17. Almost uniform distribution modulo 1 and the distribution of primes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akiyama, Shigeki

    Almost uniform distribution modulo 1 and the distribution of primes Shigeki Akiyama Abstract Let such as Pn, the n-th prime. We study the distribution of the fractional parts of (an) using the concept of "almost uniform distribution" defined in [9]. Then we can show a generalization of the results of [2

  18. Electron Cyclotron Heating in a Non-Uniform Magnetic Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Electron Cyclotron Heating in a Non-Uniform Magnetic Field by J.e. Sprott December 1968 Presented with uniform or mirror magnetic fields. 2-4 Microwave heat ing in multipoles and other nonuniform magnetic will outline a simple theoretical model which can be used to estimate the electron cyclotron heating rate

  19. Gears and Belt Drives for Non-Uniform Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nawratil, Georg

    Gears and Belt Drives for Non-Uniform Transmission Hellmuth Stachel Abstract Ordinarily, gears and belt drives are used for uniform transmission of rotations between parallel axes. Here we focus. Concerning belt drives, we study their relation to tooth profiles and focus on `strict' cases which work

  20. Testing Uniformity versus a Monotone Density Michael Woodroofe 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Jiayang

    Testing Uniformity versus a Monotone Density Michael Woodroofe 1 The University of Michigan Jiayang Sun 2 Case Western Reserve University Abstract The paper is concerned with testing uniformity versus a monotone density. This problem arises at least in two important contexts, after transformations, testing

  1. Fact #667: March 21, 2011 Fuel Wasted in Traffic Congestion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The researchers at the Texas Transportation Institute have recently published new estimates of the effects of traffic congestion. The trend toward increased congestion eased in 2007 and 2008 with...

  2. Observability of Origin-Destination matrices for Dynamic Traffic Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Ashish, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    The estimation of dynamic Origin-Destination (O-D) matrices from aggregated sensor counts is one of the most important and well-researched problems in Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) systems. In practice, more often than ...

  3. Generalized Cost Function Based Forecasting for Periodically Measured Nonstationary Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Yong - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Missouri

    1 Generalized Cost Function Based Forecasting for Periodically Measured Nonstationary Traffic true value. However, such a forecast- ing function is not directly applicable for applications potentially result in insufficient allocation of bandwidth leading to short term data loss. To facilitate

  4. Robust decision-support tools for airport surface traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Francis R. (Francis Russell), 1976-

    2004-01-01

    Forecasts of departure demand are one of the driving inputs to tactical decision-support tools (DSTs) for airport surface traffic. While there are well-known results on average- or worst-case forecast uncertainty, it is ...

  5. Robust Decision-Support Tools for Airport Surface Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Francis R.

    Forecasts of departure demand are one of the driving inputs to tactical decision-support tools (DSTs) for airport surface traffic. While there are well-known results on average- or worst-case forecast uncertainty, it is ...

  6. On Dominant Characteristics of Residential Broadband Internet Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paxson, Vern

    of rich access allows users to tightly integrate network use into their lives--from checking the weather-to-peer--traffic dominates by a significant margin; that more often than not the home user's imme- diate ISP connectivity

  7. Microsoft Word - Results_of_the_Independent_Hanford_Traffic_Safety...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2010 To: ALL HANFORD EMPLOYEES Subject: RESULTS OF INDEPENDENT HANFORD TRAFFIC SAFETY STUDY AND NEXT STEPS One of the most hazardous situations that most of us face each day is...

  8. An Ising Model for Road Traffic Cyril Furtlehner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furtlehner, Cyril

    Chapter 1 An Ising Model for Road Traffic Inference Cyril Furtlehner Abstract We review some, as a minimizer of a Bethe free energy [32], a solver of the cavity equations [21] and its relation to the TAP

  9. A Transmission Control Scheme for Media Access in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Richard Y.

    around tens of bytes. Multi-path interference and short, irregular transmission range result, the underlying media access con- trol (MAC) and transmission control protocols are critical enabling technology correlated. Over lengthy periods there may be little activity or traffic, but for short periods the traffic

  10. Structural and safety characteristics and warrants for highway traffic barriers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohutek, Terry Lee

    1975-01-01

    Ross Highway traffic barriers are highway appurtenances that provide vehicle occupants with a relative degree of protection from roadside hazards and from errant vehicles encroaching across a median. The six basic types of traffic barr1ers are roads... are decision criteria that 1dentify sites along highways that need traff1c barrier installations. Structural and safety character- istics of the barr1ers refer to the impact performance, the structural integrity, and the safety of the vehicle occupants upon...

  11. http://tti.tamu.edu > Variable message signs > Traffic actuated controllers > Traffic signals > Flashing traffic signals > Lane use control signals > Road markings > Rumble strips > Warrants (Traffic control devices) > Gro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian > Ports and waterways >>> Transportation operations > Aesthetics > Statistics > Transportation engineering >>> Mathematics > Simulation > Statistical analysis pipeline transportation > Airport planning and development > Airport maintenance > Bicycle and pedestrian

  12. A large volume uniform plasma generator for the experiments of electromagnetic wave propagation in plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang Min; Li Xiaoping; Xie Kai; Liu Donglin; Liu Yanming

    2013-01-15

    A large volume uniform plasma generator is proposed for the experiments of electromagnetic (EM) wave propagation in plasma, to reproduce a 'black out' phenomenon with long duration in an environment of the ordinary laboratory. The plasma generator achieves a controllable approximate uniform plasma in volume of 260 mm Multiplication-Sign 260 mm Multiplication-Sign 180 mm without the magnetic confinement. The plasma is produced by the glow discharge, and the special discharge structure is built to bring a steady approximate uniform plasma environment in the electromagnetic wave propagation path without any other barriers. In addition, the electron density and luminosity distributions of plasma under different discharge conditions were diagnosed and experimentally investigated. Both the electron density and the plasma uniformity are directly proportional to the input power and in roughly reverse proportion to the gas pressure in the chamber. Furthermore, the experiments of electromagnetic wave propagation in plasma are conducted in this plasma generator. Blackout phenomena at GPS signal are observed under this system and the measured attenuation curve is of reasonable agreement with the theoretical one, which suggests the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  13. A rigorous treatment of a follow-the-leader traffic model with traffic lights present

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Argall, Brenna; Cheleshkin, Eugene; Greenberg, J.M.; Hinde, Colin; Lin, Pei-Jen

    2003-07-16

    Traffic flow on a unidirectional roadway in the presence of traffic lights is modeled. Individual car responses to green, yellow, and red lights are postulated and these result in rules governing the acceleration and deceleration of individual cars. The essence of the model is that only specific cars are directly affected by the lights. The other cars behave according to simple follow-the-leader rules which limit their speed by the spacing between it and the car directly ahead. The model has a number of desirable properties; namely cars do not run red lights, cars do not smash into one another, and cars exhibit no velocity reversals. In a situation with multiple lights operating in-phase we get, after an initial startup period, a constant number of cars through each light during any green-yellow period. Moreover, this flux is less by one or two cars per period than the flux obtained in discretized versions of the idealized Lighthill, Whitham, Richards model which allows for infinite accelerations.

  14. Turbine inlet non-uniformities and unsteady mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jedamski, Devon (Devon James)

    2015-01-01

    The effect of axial turbine stage inlet non-uniformities are examined through two model problems: wake attenuation and hot streak processing. In the first, twodimensional calculations (RANS and URANS) are used to identify ...

  15. Transportation cost inequalities for diffusions under uniform distance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali Suleyman Ustunel

    2010-11-04

    We prove the transportation inequality with the uniform norm for the laws of diffusion processes with Lipschitz and/or dissipative coefficients and apply them to some singular stochastic differential equations of interest.

  16. Ferrofluid surface and volume flows in uniform rotating magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elborai, Shihab M. (Shihab Mahmoud), 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Ferrofluid surface and volume effects in uniform dc and rotating magnetic fields are studied. Theory and corroborating measurements are presented for meniscus shapes and resulting surface driven flows, spin-up flows, and ...

  17. Evaluation of the application uniformity of subsurface drip distribution systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weynand, Vance Leo

    2004-09-30

    The goal of this research was to evaluate the application uniformity of subsurface drip distribution systems and the recovery of emitter flow rates. Emission volume in the field, and laboratory measured flow rates were ...

  18. Uniformly Loaded Rectangular Thin Plates with Symmetrical Boundary Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milan Batista

    2010-01-27

    In the article the Fourier series analytical solutions of uniformly loaded rectangular thin plates with symmetrical boundary conditions are considered. For all the cases the numerical values are tabulated.

  19. Non-uniform emission studies of a magnetron injection gun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchewka, Chad D. (Chad Daniel)

    2006-01-01

    This thesis investigates the experimental measurement and theoretical simulation of the effects of azimuthal emission non-uniformity of a 96 kV, 40 amp magnetron injection gun (MIG) used in a gyrotron. The accomplishments ...

  20. Sufficient Conditions for Uniform Stability of Regularization Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poggio, Tomaso

    2009-12-01

    In this paper, we study the stability and generalization properties of penalized empirical-risk minimization algorithms. We propose a set of properties of the penalty term that is sufficient to ensure uniform ?-stability: ...

  1. Emergency evacuation/transportation plan update: Traffic model development and evaluation of early closure procedures. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-10-28

    Prolonged delays in traffic experienced by Laboratory personnel during a recent early dismissal in inclement weather, coupled with reconstruction efforts along NM 502 east of the White Rock Wye for the next 1 to 2 years, has prompted Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) to re-evaluate and improve the present transportation plan and its integration with contingency plans maintained in other organizations. Facilities planners and emergency operations staff need to evaluate the transportation system`s capability to inefficiently and safely evacuate LANL under different low-level emergency conditions. A variety of potential procedures governing the release of employees from the different technical areas (TAs) requires evaluation, perhaps with regard to multiple emergency-condition scenarios, with one or more optimal procedures ultimately presented for adoption by Lab Management. The work undertaken in this project will hopefully lay a foundation for an on-going, progressive transportation system analysis capability. It utilizes microscale simulation techniques to affirm, reassess and validate the Laboratory`s Early Dismissal/Closure/Delayed Opening Plan. The Laboratory is required by Federal guidelines, and compelled by prudent practice and conscientious regard for the welfare of employees and nearby residents, to maintain plans and operating procedures for evacuation if the need arises. The tools developed during this process can be used outside of contingency planning. It is anticipated that the traffic models developed will allow site planners to evaluate changes to the traffic network which could better serve the normal traffic levels. Changes in roadway configuration, control strategies (signalization and signing), response strategies to traffic accidents, and patterns of demand can be modelled using the analysis tools developed during this project. Such scenarios typically are important considerations in master planning and facilities programming.

  2. Uniformity of fuel target implosion in Heavy Ion Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawata, S; Suzuki, T; Karino, T; Barada, D; Ogoyski, A I; Ma, Y Y

    2015-01-01

    In inertial confinement fusion the target implosion non-uniformity is introduced by a driver beams' illumination non-uniformity, a fuel target alignment error in a fusion reactor, the target fabrication defect, et al. For a steady operation of a fusion power plant the target implosion should be robust against the implosion non-uniformities. In this paper the requirement for the implosion uniformity is first discussed. The implosion uniformity should be less than a few percent. A study on the fuel hotspot dynamics is also presented and shows that the stagnating plasma fluid provides a significant enhancement of vorticity at the final stage of the fuel stagnation. Then non-uniformity mitigation mechanisms of the heavy ion beam (HIB) illumination are also briefly discussed in heavy ion inertial fusion (HIF). A density valley appears in the energy absorber, and the large-scale density valley also works as a radiation energy confinement layer, which contributes to a radiation energy smoothing. In HIF a wobbling he...

  3. Method and apparatus for measuring spatial uniformity of radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Field, Halden (Boulder, CO)

    2002-01-01

    A method and apparatus for measuring the spatial uniformity of the intensity of a radiation beam from a radiation source based on a single sampling time and/or a single pulse of radiation. The measuring apparatus includes a plurality of radiation detectors positioned on planar mounting plate to form a radiation receiving area that has a shape and size approximating the size and shape of the cross section of the radiation beam. The detectors concurrently receive portions of the radiation beam and transmit electrical signals representative of the intensity of impinging radiation to a signal processor circuit connected to each of the detectors and adapted to concurrently receive the electrical signals from the detectors and process with a central processing unit (CPU) the signals to determine intensities of the radiation impinging at each detector location. The CPU displays the determined intensities and relative intensity values corresponding to each detector location to an operator of the measuring apparatus on an included data display device. Concurrent sampling of each detector is achieved by connecting to each detector a sample and hold circuit that is configured to track the signal and store it upon receipt of a "capture" signal. A switching device then selectively retrieves the signals and transmits the signals to the CPU through a single analog to digital (A/D) converter. The "capture" signal. is then removed from the sample-and-hold circuits. Alternatively, concurrent sampling is achieved by providing an A/D converter for each detector, each of which transmits a corresponding digital signal to the CPU. The sampling or reading of the detector signals can be controlled by the CPU or level-detection and timing circuit.

  4. Methods and systems for detecting abnormal digital traffic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goranson, Craig A [Kennewick, WA; Burnette, John R [Kennewick, WA

    2011-03-22

    Aspects of the present invention encompass methods and systems for detecting abnormal digital traffic by assigning characterizations of network behaviors according to knowledge nodes and calculating a confidence value based on the characterizations from at least one knowledge node and on weighting factors associated with the knowledge nodes. The knowledge nodes include a characterization model based on prior network information. At least one of the knowledge nodes should not be based on fixed thresholds or signatures. The confidence value includes a quantification of the degree of confidence that the network behaviors constitute abnormal network traffic.

  5. RoadRunner: Infrastructure-less vehicular congestion control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jason Hao

    RoadRunner is an in-vehicle app for traffic congestion control without costly roadside infrastructure, instead judiciously harnessing vehicle-to-vehicle communications, cellular connectivity, and onboard computation and ...

  6. Engineering and policy analysis of strategic and tactical options for future aerospace traffic management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falker, John M

    2002-01-01

    Current space launch/landing events are conducted only within Special Use Airspace (SUA), separate from air traffic. This is a strategic traffic management policy because SUA size and duration are set well in advance. It ...

  7. An Analysis of the Impact of Reducing Pedestrian-Walking-Speed on Intersection Traffic MOEs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiaohan

    2015-01-26

    Pedestrian traffic is an important element in signalized intersection analysis. As a low-speed traffic component, pedestrians crossing the street may take up time that could be utilized by vehicles on the other street to ...

  8. Congestion-aware traffic routing for large-scale mobile agent systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sejoon

    2012-01-01

    Traffic congestion is a serious world-wide problem. Drivers have little knowledge of historical and real-time traffic congestion for the paths they take and often tend to drive suboptimal routes. Congestion phenomena are ...

  9. Link-State Routing with Hop-by-Hop Forwarding Can Achieve Optimal Traffic Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Mung

    -state routing. Keywords: Interior gateway protocol, traffic engineering, rout- ing, OSPF, optimization, network-to-end tunneling. Such simplicity was thought to come at the expense of optimality. In a procedure known as Traffic

  10. Facilitation of visual pattern recognition by extraction of relevant features from microscopic traffic data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fields, Matthew James

    2009-05-15

    1985 study by JHK and Associates (traffic research) for the Federal Highway Administration, covers an hour long time period over a quarter mile section and includes nine different identifying features for traffic at any given time. The initial step...

  11. Utilizing Correlations to Compress Time-Series in Traffic Monitoring Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    at £20bn. In urban areas, transport is the major source of carbon dioxide emissions, and traffic Cambridge testbed (Figure 1) and the spatio- temporal properties of a real traffic dataset. Section III

  12. Road traffic noise modifies behaviour of a keystone species Graeme Shannon a, *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angeloni, Lisa

    Road traffic noise modifies behaviour of a keystone species Graeme Shannon a, * , Lisa M. Angeloni the influence of traffic noise on foraging and vigilance in a keystone species in North American prairie systems

  13. Thermal sensation and comfort in transient non-uniform thermal environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hui; Huizenga, Charlie; Arens, Edward; Wang, Danni

    2004-01-01

    for assessing complex thermal environments. Building andand non-uniform thermal environment. ” Ph.D. thesis,Non-Uniform Thermal Environments Hui Zhang, Charlie

  14. Augmented down-up algebras and uniform posets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terwilliger, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Motivated by the structure of the uniform posets we introduce the notion of an augmented down-up (or ADU) algebra. We discuss how ADU algebras are related to the down-up algebras defined by Benkart and Roby. For each ADU algebra we give two presentations by generators and relations. We also display a $Z$-grading and a linear basis. In addition we show that the center is isomorphic to a polynomial algebra in two variables. We display seven families of uniform posets and show that each gives an ADU algebra module in a natural way. The main inspiration for the ADU algebra concept comes from the second author's thesis concerning a type of uniform poset constructed using a dual polar graph.

  15. New non-linear photovoltaic effect in uniform bipolar semiconductor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Volovichev, I.

    2014-11-21

    A linear theory of the new non-linear photovoltaic effect in the closed circuit consisting of a non-uniformly illuminated uniform bipolar semiconductor with neutral impurities is developed. The non-uniform photo-excitation of impurities results in the position-dependant current carrier mobility that breaks the semiconductor homogeneity and induces the photo-electromotive force (emf). As both the electron (or hole) mobility gradient and the current carrier generation rate depend on the light intensity, the photo-emf and the short-circuit current prove to be non-linear functions of the incident light intensity at an arbitrarily low illumination. The influence of the sample size on the photovoltaic effect magnitude is studied. Physical relations and distinctions between the considered effect and the Dember and bulk photovoltaic effects are also discussed.

  16. Method to produce large, uniform hollow spherical shells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendricks, C.D.

    1983-09-26

    The invention is a method to produce large uniform hollow spherical shells by (1) forming uniform size drops of heat decomposable or vaporizable material, (2) evaporating the drops to form dried particles, (3) coating the dried particles with a layer of shell forming material and (4) heating the composite particles to melt the outer layer and to decompose or vaporize the inner particle to form an expanding inner gas bubble. The expanding gas bubble forms the molten outer layer into a shell of relatively large diameter. By cycling the temperature and pressure on the molten shell, nonuniformities in wall thickness can be reduced. The method of the invention is utilized to produce large uniform spherical shells, in the millimeter to centimeter diameter size range, from a variety of materials and of high quality, including sphericity, concentricity and surface smoothness, for use as laser fusion or other inertial confinement fusion targets as well as other applications.

  17. Air traffic complexity and the interacting particle system method: An integrated approach for collision risk estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Del Moral , Pierre

    Air traffic complexity and the interacting particle system method: An integrated approach explore the possibility of using air traffic complexity metrics to accelerate the Interacting Particle to assess the performance and impact of, e.g., possible modifications of the current air traffic management

  18. On the Convergence of Statistical Techniques for Inferring Network Traffic Demands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the Convergence of Statistical Techniques for Inferring Network Traffic Demands Alberto Medina 1 knowledge of traffic demands in a communication net­ work enables or enhances a variety of traffic measuring a complete set of these demands is prohibitively expensive because of the huge amounts of data

  19. Automatic Model Classification of Measured Internet Traffic Yi Zeng and Thomas M. Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Thomas M.

    issues for future work. II. MODEL-LIBRARY TRAFFIC CLASSIFICATION Many traffic models have been developed Model 2 module ... Model library Fig. 1. General model classification system In the general case with NAutomatic Model Classification of Measured Internet Traffic Yi Zeng and Thomas M. Chen Department

  20. Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution ALEXANDER Y. BIGAZZI- clists may experience increased inhalation of traffic-related air pollutants. Bicyclists have two to five regarding urban bicyclists' intake and uptake of traffic-related air pollution and to identify key knowledge

  1. Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    1 Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution Alexander Y of Traffic-Related Air Pollution Abstract Bicycling as a mode of transportation is enjoying a boost in many while bicycling, bicyclists may experience increased inhalation of traffic-related air pollutants

  2. Topographically-Based Real-Time Traffic Anomaly Detection in a Metropolitan Highway System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossman, Robert

    Topographically-Based Real-Time Traffic Anomaly Detection in a Metropolitan Highway System Rajmonda metropolitan area. Our Chicago Alert System (CAS) considers both the spatial and temporal aspects of the data of attack, the need for real-time traffic management is crucial. Real-time traffic management encompasses

  3. Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 19982007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Gasoline price effects on traffic safety in urban and rural areas: Evidence from Minnesota, 1998 February 2012 Received in revised form 3 May 2013 Accepted 24 May 2013 Keywords: Gasoline prices Traffic examines the role of gasoline prices in the occurrence of traffic crashes. However, no studies have

  4. The Case for Fine-Grained Traffic Engineering in Data Centers Theophilus Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    Computer Sciences Department The Case for Fine-Grained Traffic Engineering in Data Centers-Grained Traffic Engineering in Data Centers Theophilus Benson , Aditya Akella and Ming Zhang University of Wisconsin-Madison; Microsoft Research Abstract Data center traffic characteristics are not well under

  5. MicroTE: Fine Grained Traffic Engineering for Data Centers Theophilus Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akella, Aditya

    MicroTE: Fine Grained Traffic Engineering for Data Centers Theophilus Benson , Ashok Anand , Aditya center traffic characteristics on data cen- ter traffic engineering is not well understood. In particu on the network making it appro- priate for current and future data centers. Categories and Subject Descriptors C

  6. Improvement of the Road Traffic Management by an Ant-Hierarchical Fuzzy System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

    of the road network capacity [3], the improvement of the traffic safety, the minimization of the energyImprovement of the Road Traffic Management by an Ant-Hierarchical Fuzzy System Habib M. Kammoun@decsai.ugr.es Abstract--In view of dynamicity on road networks and the sharp increase of traffic jam states, the road

  7. Forecasting Spatiotemporal Impact of Traffic Incidents on Road Networks Bei Pan, Ugur Demiryurek, Cyrus Shahabi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Forecasting Spatiotemporal Impact of Traffic Incidents on Road Networks Bei Pan, Ugur Demiryurek and quantifying the impact of traffic incidents. Traffic incidents include any non-recurring events on road networks, including accidents, weather hazard, road construction or work zone closures. By analyzing

  8. Nericell: Rich Monitoring of Road and Traffic Conditions using Mobile Smartphones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    Nericell: Rich Monitoring of Road and Traffic Conditions using Mobile Smartphones Prashanth Mohan@microsoft.com Microsoft Research India, Bangalore ABSTRACT We consider the problem of monitoring road and traffic con to be much more com- plex owing to varied road conditions (e.g., potholed roads), chaotic traffic (e

  9. Traffic-Aware Video Streaming in Broadband Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Nirwan

    Traffic-Aware Video Streaming in Broadband Wireless Networks Ehsan Haghani and Nirwan Ansari Shyam in the Internet. Streaming real-time video in wireless networks is a challenging problem due to the stringent video quality at the end user in wireless networks. Our solution incorporates the characteristics

  10. BlindBox: Deep Packet Inspection over Encrypted Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    BlindBox: Deep Packet Inspection over Encrypted Traffic Justine Sherry UC Berkeley Chang Lan UC middleboxes perform deep packet inspection (DPI), a set of useful tasks which examine packet payloads that simultaneously provides both of these properties. The approach of Blind- Box is to perform the deep

  11. Data Streaming Algorithms for Estimating Entropy of Network Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekar, Vyas

    distributions has been shown to aid a wide variety of network monitoring applications such as anomaly detection, clustering to reveal interesting patterns, and traffic classification. However, realizing this potential Research Office contract number DAAD19-02-1-0389. Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part

  12. A Mathematical Analysis of Air Traffic Priority Rules Anthony Narkawicz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muñoz, César A.

    A Mathematical Analysis of Air Traffic Priority Rules Anthony Narkawicz C´esar A. Mu~noz Jeffrey of important properties. Specific properties considered in this paper include safety, exclusiveness presents an analytical framework to examine key safety properties of implicit coordination for non

  13. Evaluation of Non-intrusive Traffic Detection Technologies Phase III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    TPF-5(171) Evaluation of Non-intrusive Traffic Detection Technologies Ð Phase III #12 not intrude into pavement for installation. ·! Sensors above, below or to the side of the roadway qualify;Miovision #12;Miovision #12;Laser-based sensors #12;PEEK AxleLight #12;TIRTL #12;TIRTL #12;#12;#12;#12;

  14. The Path Less Travelled: Overcoming Tor's Bottlenecks with Traffic Splitting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Ian

    The Path Less Travelled: Overcoming Tor's Bottlenecks with Traffic Splitting Mashael AlSabah, Kevin of Computer Science University of Waterloo Abstract. Tor is the most popular low-latency anonymity network, Tor has a variety of performance problems that result in poor quality of service, a strong

  15. Traffic Analysis Attacks and Defenses in Low Latency Anonymous Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keromytis, Angelos D.

    the true network identity of com- municating parties against eavesdropping adversaries. Tor, acronym for The Onion Router, is an example of such a system. Such systems relay the traffic of their users through an overlay of nodes that are called Onion Routers and are operated by volunteers distributed across the globe

  16. Frugal Traffic Monitoring with Autonomous Participatory Sensing Vladimir Coric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vucetic, Slobodan

    hundreds of billions of dollars each year, increases pollution, and has a negative impact on the overall vehicles was introduced [19]. This involved installation of spe- cialized GPS-enabled devices in vehicles such as buses and taxis to monitor position of the vehicles and their speed. The collected traffic data from

  17. Energy-Traffic Tradeoff Cooperative Offloading for Mobile Cloud Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Energy-Traffic Tradeoff Cooperative Offloading for Mobile Cloud Computing Jian Song, Yong Cui Network (WLAN). We propose a novel Energy-Efficient Cooperative Offloading Model (E2COM) for energy operators [8]. In this paper, we propose an Energy-Efficient Cooperative Offloading Model (E2COM) in one

  18. A categorical model for traffic incident likelihood estimation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuchangi, Shamanth

    2007-04-25

    In this thesis an incident prediction model is formulated and calibrated. The primary idea of the model developed is to correlate the expected number of crashes on any section of a freeway to a set of traffic stream characteristics, so that a...

  19. Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson, Ashok Anand,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson, Ashok Anand, Aditya Akella Research Redmond, WA, USA mzh@microsoft.com ABSTRACT As data centers become more and more central patterns in data center networks that can inform and help evaluate research and operational approaches. We

  20. Adaptive Modulation and Scheduling of IP traffic over Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the traf- fic load. An obstacle in this context is the time-variability of the channel. To achieve a high to the traffic situation. 1 INTRODUCTION Fading channels confront us with the problem of lost packets. For a predicted value of the Signal to Noise and Interfer- ence Ratio (SNIR) of each channel, the modulation level

  1. Adaptive Modulation and Scheduling of IP traffic over Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the traf­ fic load. An obstacle in this context is the time­variability of the channel. To achieve a high to the traffic situation. 1 INTRODUCTION Fading channels confront us with the problem of lost packets. For a predicted value of the Signal to Noise and Interfer­ ence Ratio (SNIR) of each channel, the modulation level

  2. Heavy Traffic Analysis for EDF Queues with December 17, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramanan, Kavita

    by the fraction of reneged work (the residual work lost due to elapsed deadlines), which is shown to be minimized by a measure-valued process. The heavy traffic limit of this (properly scaled) process is shown. The fraction of reneged work in a heavily loaded system and the fraction of late work in the corresponding sys

  3. Integration of traffic congestion and predictive modeling offers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    are far fewer issues when products are flown or driven across the country, but getting them to your home interacting more intimately with traffic congestion, the weather, and other day-to-day variants." To combat, and that is a major motivation," says Mahmassani. "Companies may also want to do the right thing, but we live

  4. Treatment-Based Traffic Classification for Residential Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinicki, Robert E.

    provide no QoS support (e.g., the 5th generation Apple Airport Extreme IEEE 802.11n wireless router [101 Treatment-Based Traffic Classification for Residential Wireless Networks Feng Li, Mark Claypool concurrently over bottlenecked wireless access points (APs). This paper presents Classification and Treatment

  5. Author's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    more than 16% from 1973 to 1974 when the oil crisis occurred. International oil prices historically-grade unleaded gasoline price data from the Energy Information Administration of the U.S. Department of EnergyAuthor's personal copy Gasoline prices and traffic safety in Mississippi Guangqing Chi a, , Arthur

  6. Measuring Bicyclists' Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Measuring Bicyclists' Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution Alex Bigazzi PSU Transportation doses 4.Health effects 4Urban Bicyclists' Pollution Uptake #12;Bicyclists' Exposure to Air Pollution 5 reduce exposure risks for bikers? Urban transportation system Bicyclists' uptake of air pollution #12

  7. Estimating Emissions in Latin America: An Alternative to Traffic Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Estimating Emissions in Latin America: An Alternative to Traffic Models Margarita Ossés de Eicker; Hans Hurni, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, Switzerland Emissions allow precise estimations of these emissions but are too expensive for a broad application. A simplifed

  8. Transport Layer Identification of P2P Traffic Thomas Karagiannis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    examination of packet payload, a method- ological landmine from legal, privacy, technical, logistic methodology, we also develop a payload technique for P2P traffic identification, by reverse engineering methodological land- mines: legal, privacy, technical, logistic, and financial ob- stacles abound, and overcoming

  9. Using Real-Time Road Traffic Data to Evaluate Congestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Using Real-Time Road Traffic Data to Evaluate Congestion Jean Bacon, Andrei Iu. Bejan, Alastair R regression, spline interpolation. 1 Introduction Congestion on roads, especially in urban areas, has a large kilometres in 2008 [2]. #12;Congestion can be tackled either by increasing road network capacity

  10. A Mathematical Model and Descent Algorithm for Bilevel Traffic Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patriksson, Michael

    as traffic signal setting, network design, and congestion pricing. The lower-level problem of the MPEC-relief measures for the quality of life, the environment, and the safety of the citizens not to deteriorate. Any, and how to travel. The criteria by which the user makes these choices are selfish, and are therefore

  11. Effects of the chemomechanical stepping cycle on the traffic of molecular motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefan Klumpp; Yan Chai; Reinhard Lipowsky

    2008-10-09

    We discuss effects of the stepping kinetics of molecular motors on their traffic behavior on crowded filaments using a simple two-state chemomechanical cycle. While the general traffic behavior is quite robust with respect to the detailed kinetics of the step, a few observable parameters exhibit a strong dependence on these parameters. Most strikingly, the effective unbinding rate of the motors may both increase and decrease with increasing traffic density, depending on the details of the motor step. Likewise the run length either exhibits a strong decrease or almost no dependence on the traffic density. We compare our theoretical results with recent experimental observations on motor traffic.

  12. A Survivable Critical Infrastructure Control Application* A. Serageldin, A. Krings A. Abdel-Rahim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krings, Axel W.

    . Examples are embedded systems that con- trol the electrical power grid, traffic controllers as part of intelligent transportation systems, or sensor systems used in weather prediction and reporting. Unlike legacy, change phases in traffic signals, or weather-induced changes to the operation of the system. This need

  13. Demand and Production Management with Uniform Guaranteed Lead Time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaminathan, Jayashankar M.

    Demand and Production Management with Uniform Guaranteed Lead Time Uday S. Rao Jayashankar M Recently, innovation-oriented firms have been competing along dimensions other than price - lead time being one such dimension. Increasingly, customers are favoring lead time guarantees as a means to hedge

  14. Internal Wave Reflection in Uniform Shear B. R. Sutherland ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Bruce

    Internal Wave Reflection in Uniform Shear B. R. Sutherland ? Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Alberta Edmonton, AB T6G 2G1, Canada SUMMARY If non­hydrostatic internal waves are of sufficiently large amplitude, they undergo significant dispersion due to interactions between the waves

  15. The Power of Non-Uniform Wireless Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Power of Non-Uniform Wireless Power ETH Zurich ­ Distributed Computing Group Magnus M-To-Interference-Plus-Noise Ratio (SINR) Formula Minimum signal- to-interference ratio Power level of sender u Path-loss exponent Noise Distance between two nodes Received signal power from sender Received signal power from all other

  16. Air Cushion Press for Excellent Uniformity, High Yield, and Fast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Air Cushion Press for Excellent Uniformity, High Yield, and Fast Nanoimprint Across a 100 mm Field, air cushion press (ACP), in which the mold and substrate are pressed against each other by gas pressure rather than solid plates, and compared it with a common method, solid parallel-plate press (SPP

  17. Uniformity of wastewater dispersal using subsurface drip emitters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Persyn, Russell Alan

    2000-01-01

    An on-site wastewater treatment project site with two separate drip fields produced data on emitter flow rates and uniformity after 6 years of operation. The site served a two-bedroom residence in Weslaco, Texas, with treatment through a septic...

  18. Vacuum polarization induced by a uniformly accelerated charge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1995-03-30

    We consider a point charge fixed in the Rindler coordinates which describe a uniformly accelerated frame. We determine an integral expression of the induced charge density due to the vacuum polarization at the first order in the fine structure constant. In the case where the acceleration is weak, we give explicitly the induced electrostatic potential.

  19. BACKSCATTER GUAGE DESCRIPTION FOR INSPECTION OF NEUTRON ABSORBER AND UNIFORMITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dewberry, R.; Gibbs, K.; Couture, A.

    2012-05-23

    This paper describes design, calibration, and testing of a dual He-3 detector neutron backscatter gauge for use in the Savannah River Site Mixed Oxide Fuel project. The gauge is demonstrated to measure boron content and uniformity in concrete slabs used in the facility construction.

  20. Improved plasma uniformity in a discharge system with electron injection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vizir, A. V.; Tyunkov, A. V.; Shandrikov, M. V.

    2009-02-15

    We present the results of experiments leading to improvement in bulk plasma uniformity of a constricted-arc discharge system with electron injection. The steady-state discharge was in argon, at a gas pressure of 0.5 mTorr, and operated with a main discharge voltage between 20 and 100 V and current between 3 and 15 A. The radial plasma distribution was measured with a movable Langmuir probe. We find that geometric modification of the intermediate electrode exit aperture and the main discharge cathode add little to the plasma uniformity. Improved bulk plasma uniformity is observed when a special distributing grid electrode is used and the main discharge voltage is less than 20-30 V. The application of a weakly divergent magnetic field in the region of the intermediate electrode exit aperture decreases the plasma nonuniformity from 20% to 14% over a radial distance of 30 cm. The plasma uniformity was further improved by compensating the magnetic self-field of the injected electron beam by a reverse magnetic field produced with a special electrode compensator. It is shown that an increase in discharge current causes a proportional increase in back current in the distributing electrode. The approach allows a decrease in plasma nonuniformity from 20% to 13% over a radial distance of 30 cm.

  1. Lyapunov Exponents and Uniform Weak Normally Repelling Invariant Sets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Hal

    Lyapunov Exponents and Uniform Weak Normally Repelling Invariant Sets Paul Leonard Salceanu and Hal repelling in directions normal to the boundary in which M resides provided all normal Lyapunov exponents that Lyapunov exponents can be used to establish the requisite repelling properties for both discrete

  2. Orthogonal fast spherical Bessel transform on uniform grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serov, Vladislav V

    2015-01-01

    We propose an algorithm for the orthogonal fast discrete spherical Bessel transform on an uniform grid. Our approach is based upon the spherical Bessel transform factorization into the two subsequent orthogonal transforms, namely the fast Fourier transform and the orthogonal transform founded on the derivatives of the discrete Legendre orthogonal polynomials.

  3. Spin flip probability of electron in a uniform magnetic field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammond, Richard T. [Department of Physics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina and Army Research Office, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27703 (United States)

    2012-03-19

    The probability that an electromagnetic wave can flip the spin of an electron is calculated. It is assumed that the electron resides in a uniform magnetic field and interacts with an incoming electromagnetic pulse. The scattering matrix is constructed and the time needed to flip the spin is calculated.

  4. A Frequency-Shift based CMOS Magnetic Biosensor with Spatially Uniform Sensor Transducer Gain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajimiri, Ali

    the spatially uniform gain. II. SENSOR MECHANIMS AND SENSOR TRANSDUCER GAIN MODELING Magnetic biosensors

  5. CONTROL AND MONITORING DURING LANE CHANGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Andrew

    CONTROL AND MONITORING DURING LANE CHANGES Dario D. Salvucci, Drexel University (salvucci. In an experiment, drivers navigated a naturalistic highway environment with moderate traffic in a fixed-purpose view of driver gazes for control and monitoring. 1. INTRODUCTION In the study of driving and related

  6. Adapt-Traf: An adaptive multiagent road traffic management system based on hybrid ant-hierarchical fuzzy model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

    of the energy consumption, and others. Road traffic management consists on improving the traffic fluency on roadAdapt-Traf: An adaptive multiagent road traffic management system based on hybrid ant systems Ant colony Hierarchical fuzzy system Traffic simulation a b s t r a c t Usually, road networks

  7. Bursty Traffic over CDMA: Predictive MAI Temporal Structure, Rate Control and Admission Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    's capacity laws [30]. Hence, in the wireless environment, one has to very carefully engineer the network the predictive MAI structure to construct a multiple time-scale interference predictor. Rate adaptation perspective based on marginal distributions). This approach cuts across the physical layer, medium access

  8. A comparison of thick film and thin film traffic stripes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keese, Charles J

    1952-01-01

    of this thesis. CONTESTS Introduction ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 1 Scope and Obfectives Method of Conducting Road Service Tests ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 7 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 8 PART I A Comparison of Paint Films of Various Thicknesses . . . . . . . . ~ ~, ~, ~ 72 App1ioation... of Test Stripes . Results of Thiokness Tests . 13 19 Conclusions 2$ PART II A Comparison of Various Thick Film and Thin Film Traffic Stripes. 26 Paint Stripes Over Adhesive Films Rosin Striping Compounds. . . + ~ . , ~ 29 ~ ~ ~ Preforsmd Plastic...

  9. The RTMS (Remote Traffic Microwave Sensor) unit is a traffic sensor which uses microwave signals to detect vehicles. Unlike sensors which use the Doppler effect, this sensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    1 RTMS The RTMS (Remote Traffic Microwave Sensor) unit is a traffic sensor which uses microwave counter unit. Additional items for deployment include solar panel, batteries and modem with cellular dimly. The LED is bright only when data is being downloaded from it. Solar Panel The solar panel

  10. Effect of non-uniform exchange field in ferromagnetic graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Debashree Chowdhury; B. Basu

    2015-02-16

    We have presented here the consequences of the non-uniform exchange field on the spin transport issues in spin chiral configuration of ferromagnetic graphene. Taking resort to the spin orbit coupling (SOC) term and non-uniform exchange coupling term we are successful to express the expression of Hall conductivity in terms of the exchange field and SOC parameters through the Kubo formula approach. However, for a specific configuration of the exchange parameter we have evaluated the Berry curvature of the system. We also have paid attention to the study of SU(2) gauge theory of ferromagnetic graphene. The generation of anti damping spin orbit torque in spin chiral magnetic graphene is also briefly discussed.

  11. One-way Ponderomotive Barrier in a Uniform Magnetic Field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    I.Y. Dodin; N.J. Fisch

    2005-02-14

    The possibility of an asymmetric ponderomotive barrier in a nonuniform dc magnetic field by high-frequency radiation near the cyclotron resonance for selected plasma species was contemplated in Physics of Plasmas 11 (November 2004) 5046-5064. Here we show that a similar one-way barrier, which reflects particles incident from one side while transmitting those incident from the opposite side, can be produced also in a uniform magnetic field, entirely due to inhomogeneity of high-frequency drive.

  12. A RICH with aerogel: a study of refractive index uniformity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alemi, M; Calvi, M; Matteuzzi, C; Musy, M; Perego, D L; Easo, S

    2004-01-01

    The use of aerogel as a radiator in the RICH detectors of LHCb is a challenge due to the hot environment of the hadron collider LHC. Large size tiles of silica aerogel were recently produced with unprecedented optical quality for such dimensions. Results of laboratory measurements and beam tests are briefly reported. A description of a method to measure the uniformity of the index of refraction within the tile is given.

  13. Effect of a uniform electric field on soot in laminar premixed ethylene/air flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Y.; Yao, Q. [Key Laboratory of Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Thermal Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing (China); Nathan, G.J. [School of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Energy Technology, The University of Adelaide, S.A. 5005 (Australia); Alwahabi, Z.T.; King, K.D.; Ho, K. [School of Chemical Engineering, Centre for Energy Technology, The University of Adelaide, S.A. 5005 (Australia)

    2010-07-15

    The effect of a nominally uniform electric field on the initially uniform distribution of soot has been assessed for laminar premixed ethylene/air flames from a McKenna burner. An electrophoretic influence on charged soot particles was measured through changes to the deposition rate of soot on the McKenna plug, using laser extinction (LE). Soot volume fraction was measured in situ using laser-induced incandescence (LII). Particle size and morphologies were assessed through ex situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) using thermophoretic sampling particle diagnostics (TSPD). The results show that the majority of these soot particles are positively charged. The presence of a negatively charged plug was found to decrease the particle residence times in the flame and to influence the formation and oxidation progress. A positively charged plug has the opposite effect. The effect on soot volume fraction, particles size and morphology with electric field strength is also reported. Flame stability was also found to be affected by the presence of the electric field, with the balance of the electrophoretic force and drag force controlling the transition to unstable flame flicker. The presence of charged species generated by the flame was found to reduce the dielectric field strength to one seventh that of air. (author)

  14. Pricing Our Way Out of Traffic Congestion: parking cash out and HOT lanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoup, Donald C.; Brown, Jeffrey

    2001-01-01

    Opportunity to Reduce Minimum Parking Requirements," JournalOpportunity to Reduce Minimum Parking Requirements," Journalof Traffic Congestion: Parking Cash Out and HOTLanes Donald

  15. Identifying Traffic-Related Air Pollution Hotspots in the Built Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    for imporvemetns in air pollution models. Atmospheric2010). Traffic-related air pollution: A critical review offor vehicle-related air pollution exposure in minority and

  16. An Adaptive Dissemination Mechanism for Inter-Vehicle Communication-Based Decentralized Traffic Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barth, M; Xu, H

    2006-01-01

    area, or wireline communication systems. For example, fixedInformation Systems Based on Inter-Vehicle Communications”,Communication-Based Decentralized Traffic Information Systems

  17. A decision process framework: selecting strategies for rehabilitation of rigid pavements subjected to high traffic volumes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valls, Marc Edouard Josep

    2000-01-01

    Concrete pavements, underdesigned for today's levels of traffic, are deteriorating rapidly. Maintenance, rehabilitation, and reconstruction activities (MRR) have become more widespread and costly. State highway agencies ...

  18. Trade-offs and Issues in Traffic Synchronization Claus Gwiggner, Masato Fujita,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwiggner, Claus Peter

    The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) pro- poses several components of a modern ATM system is called `Traffic Synchronization'. It is described as the `tactical establishment and maintenance

  19. The Dynamics of Internet Traffic: Self-Similarity, Self-Organization, and Complex Phenomena

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reginald D. Smith

    2010-09-05

    The Internet is the most complex system ever created in human history. Therefore, its dynamics and traffic unsurprisingly take on a rich variety of complex dynamics, self-organization, and other phenomena that have been researched for years. This paper is a review of the complex dynamics of Internet traffic. Departing from normal treatises, we will take a view from both the network engineering and physics perspectives showing the strengths and weaknesses as well as insights of both. In addition, many less covered phenomena such as traffic oscillations, large-scale effects of worm traffic, and comparisons of the Internet and biological models will be covered.

  20. Assessment of MeMS Sensors in an Urban Traffic Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varaiya, Pravin

    2004-01-01

    BERKELEY Assessment of MeMS Sensors in an Urban Traf?cAND HIGHWAYS Assessment of MeMS Sensors in an Urban Traffic

  1. Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Georgia's Experience in Increasing Rural Safety Belt Use Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Best Practices for Rural Traffic Safety Georgia's Experience in Increasing Rural Safety Belt Use Enforcement Efforts ­ Checkpoints ­ Messages regarding Seat Belts ­ Messages regarding Rural SB Use

  2. ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE SUM OF n NON-IDENTICALLY DISTRIBUTED UNIFORM RANDOM VARIABLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, David

    ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE SUM OF n NON-IDENTICALLY DISTRIBUTED UNIFORM RANDOM distribution, probability density, convolution, * *Fourier transform, sine integrals. Abstract. The distribution of the sum of independent identically distributed * *uniform random variables is well

  3. A two-phase spherical electric machine for generating rotating uniform magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawler, Clinton T. (Clinton Thomas)

    2007-01-01

    This thesis describes the design and construction of a novel two-phase spherical electric machine that generates rotating uniform magnetic fields, known as a fluxball machine. Alternative methods for producing uniform ...

  4. Non-uniform Aging on Super Duty Diesel Truck Aged Urea Cu/Zeolite...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    uniform Aging on Super Duty Diesel Truck Aged Urea CuZeolite SCR Catalysts Non-uniform Aging on Super Duty Diesel Truck Aged Urea CuZeolite SCR Catalysts CuZeolite SCR catalysts...

  5. Metrics, fundamental trade-offs and control policies for delay-sensitive applications in volatile environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ParandehGheibi, Ali

    2012-01-01

    With the explosion of consumer demand, media streaming will soon be the dominant type of Internet traffic. Since such applications are intrinsically delay-sensitive, the conventional network control policies and coding ...

  6. Evaluation of rumble strips at rural stop-controlled intersections in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Tyrell D.

    2005-11-01

    Major safety concerns are present at rural high speed intersections. When long uninterrupted tangents are located near rural intersections, the drivers can become inattentive to upcoming decision points. Traffic control ...

  7. Effect on Non-Uniform Heat Generation on Thermionic Reactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schock, Alfred

    2012-01-19

    The penalty resulting from non-uniform heat generation in a thermionic reactor is examined. Operation at sub-optimum cesium pressure is shown to reduce this penalty, but at the risk of a condition analogous to burnout. For high pressure diodes, a simple empirical correlation between current, voltage and heat flux is developed and used to analyze the performance penalty associated with two different heat flux profiles, for series-and parallel-connected converters. The results demonstrate that series-connected converters require much finer power flattening than parallel converters. For example, a ±10% variation in heat generation across a series array can result in a 25 to 50% power penalty.

  8. V-uniform ergodicity of threshold autoregressive nonlinear time series 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucher, Thomas Richard

    2004-09-30

    -uniform ergodicity for the k-step chain: limsup bardblxbardblarrowrightinfinity E(V(Xn+k)|X0 = x) V(x) < 1 (2.3) and for all M < infinity sup bardblxbardbl<=

  9. Pairs Emission in a Uniform Background Field: an Algebraic Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberto Soldati

    2011-06-23

    A fully algebraic general approach is developed to treat the pairs emission and absorption in the presence of some uniform external background field. In particular, it is shown that the pairs production and annihilation operators, together with the pairs number operator, do actually fulfill the SU(2) functional Lie algebra. As an example of application, the celebrated Schwinger formula is consistently and nicely recovered, within this novel approach, for a Dirac spinor field in the presence of a constant and homogeneous electric field in four spacetime dimensions.

  10. Coded aperture imaging with self-supporting uniformly redundant arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fenimore, Edward E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1983-01-01

    A self-supporting uniformly redundant array pattern for coded aperture imaging. The present invention utilizes holes which are an integer times smaller in each direction than holes in conventional URA patterns. A balance correlation function is generated where holes are represented by 1's, nonholes are represented by -1's, and supporting area is represented by 0's. The self-supporting array can be used for low energy applications where substrates would greatly reduce throughput. The balance correlation response function for the self-supporting array pattern provides an accurate representation of the source of nonfocusable radiation.

  11. Acquisition and registration of aerial video imagery of urban traffic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loveland, Rohan C

    2008-01-01

    The amount of information available about urban traffic from aerial video imagery is extremely high. Here we discuss the collection of such video imagery from a helicopter platform with a low-cost sensor, and the post-processing used to correct radial distortion in the data and register it. The radial distortion correction is accomplished using a Harris model. The registration is implemented in a two-step process, using a globally applied polyprojective correction model followed by a fine scale local displacement field adjustment. The resulting cleaned-up data is sufficiently well-registered to allow subsequent straight-forward vehicle tracking.

  12. EECBG Success Story: Getting Traffic Lights Talking to Improve Topeka's

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|Department of EnergyDepartment of Energy FindingTraffic Tunnel |

  13. On the Power of Uniform Power: Capacity of Wireless Networks with Bounded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the Power of Uniform Power: Capacity of Wireless Networks with Bounded Resources Chen Avin1-case performance of uniform and non-uniform power assignments differ under constraints such as a bound on the area where nodes are distributed or restrictions on the maximum power available. We determine the maximum

  14. The stability of a two-dimensional vorticity filament under uniform strain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    The stability of a two-dimensional vorticity filament under uniform strain Article Published-dimensional vorticity filament under uniform strain. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 230 (1). pp. 647-665. ISSN 0022-dimensional vorticity filament under uniform strain By D. G. DRITSCHEL, P.H. HAYNES, M. N. JUCKES? AND T. G. SHEPHERDS

  15. Growth and characterization of aligned carbon nanotubes from patterned nickel nanodots and uniform thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Mark

    Growth and characterization of aligned carbon nanotubes from patterned nickel nanodots and uniform nanotubes grown on patterned nickel nanodots and uniform thin films by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor on patterned nickel nanodots and uniform thin films is different. During growth of carbon nanotubes, a nickel

  16. Testing The Effects Of Price Responsive Demand On Uniform Price And Soft-Cap Electricity Auctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Testing The Effects Of Price Responsive Demand On Uniform Price And Soft-Cap Electricity Auctions R describes a framework for testing the efficacy of a price-responsive load on a uniform price last accepted offer and a soft-cap market. Experimental evidence to date based on uniform price market testing has

  17. Uniform bulk material processing using multimode microwave radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Varma, Ravi (Los Alamos, NM); Vaughn, Worth E. (Madison, WI)

    2000-01-01

    An apparatus for generating uniform heating in material contained in a cylindrical vessel is described. TE.sub.10 -mode microwave radiation is coupled into a cylindrical microwave transition such that microwave radiation having TE.sub.11 -, TE.sub.01 - and TM.sub.01 -cylindrical modes is excited therein. By adjusting the intensities of these modes, substantially uniform heating of materials contained in a cylindrical drum which is coupled to the microwave transition through a rotatable choke can be achieved. The use of a poor microwave absorbing insulating cylindrical insert, such as aluminum oxide, for separating the material in the container from the container walls and for providing a volume through which air is circulated is expected to maintain the container walls at room temperature. The use of layer of highly microwave absorbing material, such as SiC, inside of the insulating insert and facing the material to be heated is calculated to improve the heating pattern of the present apparatus.

  18. Use of Uniformly Distributed Concentrated Sunlight for Highly Accelerated Testing of Coatings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jorgensen, G.; Bingham, C.; King, D.; Lewandowski, A.; Netter, J.; Terwilliger, K.; Adamsons, K.

    2000-12-14

    NREL has developed a new ultraviolet (UV) light concentrator that allows material samples to be subjected to uniform intensity levels of 50-100X solar UV at closely controlled sample exposure temperatures. In collaboration with industry, representative coating systems have been exposed without introducing unrealistic degradation mechanisms. Furthermore, correlations have been derived between these highly accelerated test conditions and results obtained at 1-2 suns. Such information is used to predict the degradation of materials in real-world applications. These predictions are compared with measured in-service performance losses to validate the approach. This allows valuable information to be obtained in greatly reduced timeframes, which can provide tremendous competitive advantage in the commercial marketplace.

  19. Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures; January 2012 - March 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jayaweera, T.; Haeri, H.

    2013-04-01

    Under the Uniform Methods Project, DOE is developing a framework and a set of protocols for determining the energy savings from specific energy efficiency measures and programs. The protocols provide a straightforward method for evaluating gross energy savings for common residential and commercial measures offered in ratepayer-funded initiatives in the United States. They represent a refinement of the body of knowledge supporting energy efficiency evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) activities. This document deals with savings from the following measures: commercial and industrial lighting, commercial and industrial lighting controls, small commercial and residential unitary and split system HVAC cooling equipment, residential furnaces and boilers, residential lighting, refrigerator recycling, whole-building retrofit using billing analysis, metering, peak demand and time-differentiated energy savings, sample design, survey design and implementation, and assessing persistence and other evaluation issues.

  20. The effects of user mobility on usage parameter control (UPC) in wireless ATM systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sholander, P.; Martinez, L.; Tolendino, L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Mah, B.A. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

    1997-07-01

    Wireless Asynchronous Transfer Mode (WATM) networks pose new traffic management problems. One example is the effect of user mobility on Usage Parameter Control (UPC). If the UPC algorithm resets after each handoff between wireless-cells, then users can cheat on their traffic contract. This paper derives explicit relationships between a user`s traffic parameters (Peak Cell Rate, Sustained Cell Rate and Maximum Burst Size), their transit time per wireless-cell, their maximum sustained cheating-rate and the Generic Cell Rate Algorithm`s (GCRA`s) Limit (L) parameter. It also shows that the GCRA can still effectively police Constant Bit Rate (CBR) traffic, but not some types of realistic Variable Bit Rate (VBR) traffic.

  1. Heavy traffic analysis for EDF queues with reneging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kruk, ?ukasz; Ramanan, Kavita; Shreve, Steven; 10.1214/10-AAP681

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a heavy-traffic analysis of the behavior of a single-server queue under an Earliest-Deadline-First (EDF) scheduling policy in which customers have deadlines and are served only until their deadlines elapse. The performance of the system is measured by the fraction of reneged work (the residual work lost due to elapsed deadlines) which is shown to be minimized by the EDF policy. The evolution of the lead time distribution of customers in queue is described by a measure-valued process. The heavy traffic limit of this (properly scaled) process is shown to be a deterministic function of the limit of the scaled workload process which, in turn, is identified to be a doubly reflected Brownian motion. This paper complements previous work by Doytchinov, Lehoczky and Shreve on the EDF discipline in which customers are served to completion even after their deadlines elapse. The fraction of reneged work in a heavily loaded system and the fraction of late work in the corresponding system without renegi...

  2. Discrete Mathematical Approaches to Graph-Based Traffic Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joslyn, Cliff A.; Cowley, Wendy E.; Hogan, Emilie A.; Olsen, Bryan K.

    2014-04-01

    Modern cyber defense and anlaytics requires general, formal models of cyber systems. Multi-scale network models are prime candidates for such formalisms, using discrete mathematical methods based in hierarchically-structured directed multigraphs which also include rich sets of labels. An exemplar of an application of such an approach is traffic analysis, that is, observing and analyzing connections between clients, servers, hosts, and actors within IP networks, over time, to identify characteristic or suspicious patterns. Towards that end, NetFlow (or more generically, IPFLOW) data are available from routers and servers which summarize coherent groups of IP packets flowing through the network. In this paper, we consider traffic analysis of Netflow using both basic graph statistics and two new mathematical measures involving labeled degree distributions and time interval overlap measures. We do all of this over the VAST test data set of 96M synthetic Netflow graph edges, against which we can identify characteristic patterns of simulated ground-truth network attacks.

  3. Deemed Export Control Revised 12/2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wei

    Deemed Export Control Revised 12/2010 Northwestern University - The International Office 630.northwestern.edu/international - intscholars@northwestern.edu The Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the International Traffic in Arms States-even by an employer-is deemed to be an export to the person's country or countries of nationality

  4. Congestion Pricing for Resource Control in WCDMA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stylianou, Yannis

    1 Congestion Pricing for Resource Control in WCDMA Vasilios A. Siris ICS-FORTH, Crete, Greece & signal quality, and power Congestion pricing for elastic traffic captures congestion in wireless & wired Alternative application of congestion pricing Extensions: hybrid code/time division multiplexing rate

  5. Greenhouse Gas Pollution in the Stratosphere Due to Increasing Airplane Traffic, Effects On the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murty, Katta G.

    Greenhouse Gas Pollution in the Stratosphere Due to Increasing Airplane Traffic, Effects temperatures have increased much more than can be explained by changes in the concentration of greenhouse gases traffic round the clock and around the globe which is contributing to higher concentrations of greenhouse

  6. Nash Equilibria for a Model of Traffic Flow with Several Groups of Drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nash Equilibria for a Model of Traffic Flow with Several Groups of Drivers Alberto Bressan and Ke population sizes 1, . . . , n, we prove the existence of a Nash equilibrium solution, where no driver can, and a characterization of this Nash equilibrium solution, are also discussed. 1 Introduction Consider a model of traffic

  7. Bellini: Ferrying Application Traffic Flows through Geo-distributed Datacenters in the Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    Bellini: Ferrying Application Traffic Flows through Geo-distributed Datacenters in the Cloud Zimu. To take full advantage of superior connectivities between geo-distributed datacenters, application traffic, implementing and deploying such inter- datacenter protocols for various applications, such as messaging

  8. Postcard: Minimizing Costs on Inter-Datacenter Traffic with Store-and-Forward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baochun

    Postcard: Minimizing Costs on Inter-Datacenter Traffic with Store-and-Forward Yuan Feng, Baochun Li--It is typical for cloud providers to operate a number of geographically distributed datacenters, where inter-datacenter such inter-datacenter traffic incurs substantial operational costs that are charged by ISPs, it varies

  9. CAR-FOLLOWING AND THE MACROSCOPIC AWRASCLE TRAFFIC FLOW MARTE GODVIK AND HARALD HANCHE-OLSEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAR-FOLLOWING AND THE MACROSCOPIC AW­RASCLE TRAFFIC FLOW MODEL MARTE GODVIK AND HARALD HANCHE-OLSEN Abstract. We consider a semi-discrete car-following model and the macroscopic Aw­Rascle model for traffic flow given in Lagrangian form. The solution of the car-following model converges to a weak entropy

  10. On the Effects of Energy-Aware Traffic Engineering on Routing Reliability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Kwan-Wu

    to maximally switch off redundant network resource at low traffic load to minimize energy usage. These routingOn the Effects of Energy-Aware Traffic Engineering on Routing Reliability Gongqi Lin, Sieteng Soh.lin@postgrad.curtin.edu.au Kwan-Wu Chin School of Electrical, Computer and Telecommunications Engineering University of Wollongong

  11. Towards Efficient Traffic-analysis Resistant Anonymity Networks Stevens Le Blond1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Druschel, Peter

    Mixminion batch messages to re- sist traffic-analysis at the expense of low latency. Onion routing schemes like Tor deliver low latency and high band- width, but are not designed to withstand traffic analysis complied with a US subpoena to trace one of its users [1]. Network anonymization services like Tor provide

  12. "Using very high-fidelity microscopic traffic simulation tools to model and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    with the goal of improving transportation system mobility, achieving sustainable transportation, and enhancing and mobility at urban networks. Existing state-of-the-practice traffic signal timing-optimization programs rely traffic signal timing plans for sustainability (i.e., minimizing fuel consumption and emissions). ITS

  13. Rapid Traffic Information Dissemination Using Named Data Los Angeles, CA, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Rapid Traffic Information Dissemination Using Named Data Lucas Wang UCLA Los Angeles, CA, USA lucas@us.toyota-itc.com Lixia Zhang UCLA Los Angeles, CA, USA lixia@cs.ucla.edu ABSTRACT This paper applies the Named Data traffic information dissemination application based on the data naming design from our previ- ous work

  14. Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Review of Urban Bicyclists' Intake and Uptake of Traffic-Related Air Pollution ALEXANDER Y. BIGAZZI- clists may experience increased inhalation of traffic-related air pollutants. Bicyclists have two to five times higher respiration rates than travelers in motorized vehicles and this difference increases

  15. In The Fourth Workshop on Agents in Traffic and Transportation (ATT 06), Hakodate, Japan, May 2006.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    ], annual time spent waiting in traffic has increased from 16 hours per capita to 46 hours per capita since 1982. In the same period, the annual financial cost of traffic congestion has swollen from $14 billion improvements each year, collisions cost the United States over $230 billion annually [10]. Globally, automo

  16. In The Fourth Workshop on Agents in Traffic and Transportation (ATT 06), Hakodate, Japan, May 2006.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stone, Peter

    capita since 1982. In the same period, the annual financial cost of traffic congestion has swollen from.S. cities [20], annual time spent waiting in traffic has increased from 16 hours per capita to 46 hours per­ torically made gradual improvements each year, collisions cost the United States over $230 billion annually

  17. Bigazzi, Figliozzi, and Clifton 1 Motorists' Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution:1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Bigazzi, Figliozzi, and Clifton 1 1 Motorists' Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution:1 Modeling to traffic-related pollution. Large peak-period trip exposures are5 primarily the result of increased pollutants (3), which progressively degrade urban20 air quality (4). Because of coincident vehicle and human

  18. A non-continuum approach to obtain a macroscopic model for the flow of traffic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tyagi, Vipin

    2007-09-17

    by continuum models for the flow of traffic. The number of vehicles in a typical section of a freeway does not justify traffic being treated as a continuum. It is also important to recognize that the basic premises of kinetic theory are not appropriate...

  19. Efficient Mining of the Multidimensional Traffic Cluster Hierarchy for Digesting, Visualization, and Anomaly Identification*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    1 Efficient Mining of the Multidimensional Traffic Cluster Hierarchy for Digesting, Visualization) 865-7065 Abstract Mining traffic traces to identify the dominant flows sent over a given link, over, and visualization of unexpected phenomena. Recently, Estan et al. advanced a comprehensive data mining structure

  20. Towards a Cost Model for Network Traffic Murtaza Motiwala , Amogh Dhamdhere , Nick Feamster , Anukool Lakhina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Towards a Cost Model for Network Traffic Murtaza Motiwala , Amogh Dhamdhere , Nick Feamster@gatech.edu, anukool.lakhina@guavus.com ABSTRACT We develop a holistic cost model that operators can use to help evaluate the costs of various routing and peering decisions. Using real traffic data from a large carrier

  1. The Case for Fine-Grained Traffic Engineering in Data Centers Theophilus Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akella, Aditya

    The Case for Fine-Grained Traffic Engineering in Data Centers Theophilus Benson , Ashok Anand years, several techniques have been suggested for routing and traffic engineering in data centers. How data center traf- fic patterns. Our preliminary study reveals that existing techniques can only achieve

  2. A First Look at Inter-Data Center Traffic Characteristics via Yahoo! Datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Zhi-Li

    A First Look at Inter-Data Center Traffic Characteristics via Yahoo! Datasets Yingying Chen1 2 Arizona State University Abstract--Effectively managing multiple data centers and their traffic the anonymized NetFlow datasets collected at the border routers of five major Yahoo! data centers. Our

  3. THE DYNAMICAL STRUCTURE FACTOR AND CRITICAL BEHAVIOR OF A TRAFFIC FLOW MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lübeck, Sven

    261 THE DYNAMICAL STRUCTURE FACTOR AND CRITICAL BEHAVIOR OF A TRAFFIC FLOW MODEL L. ROTERS, S. L. The behavior of the model is determined by three parameters, the maximal velocity v max , the noise parameter P of the dynamical structure factor of the Nagel­ Schreckenberg traffic flow model based on the local occupation

  4. Low-Latency ECDSA Signature Verification A Road Towards Safer Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    caused by the rising traffic densities on our roads and in our cities. Traffic congestion is increasingly crippling efficient movement inside and towards cities resulting in mounting travel times, fuel consumption and consequent air pollution. In the past these problems have been addressed by expanding road infrastructure

  5. MONITORING TRAFFIC BY OPTICAL SENSORS Meffert, B., Blaschek, R, Knauer, U., Reulke,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    of traffic related air pollution. Keywords: traffic observation, sensor network, cameras, image processing INTRODUCTION Sustainable urban development requires a modern transportation management. Especially such mega-cities as Rio de Janeiro or Cairo have distinct transportation problems. Like many cities in the world

  6. Scheduling Automated Traffic on a Network of Arvind Giridhar and P.R. Kumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    vehicles which are au- tomatically driven along smart highways and/or city roads [2], [3]. Such automation consider the problem of scheduling automated traffic in a city. Such automatic scheduling can improve algorithm and evaluate its performance through simulations. Index Terms: Traffic scheduling, smart vehicles

  7. Scheduling and Queue Management for Multi-class Traffic in Access Router of Mobility Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atiquzzaman, Mohammed

    communicate with the Access Router (AR) through wireless channels for sending data packets and signalingScheduling and Queue Management for Multi-class Traffic in Access Router of Mobility Protocol Md communicating over Internet. Due to such high data traffic, the access routers are often overloaded with packets

  8. VIRTUAL REALITY DRIVING SIMULATION: Integrating Infrastructure Plans, Traffic Models, and Driving Behaviors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to include 3D models, animated traffic and human characters, as well as functions that allow users to take-1- VIRTUAL REALITY DRIVING SIMULATION: Integrating Infrastructure Plans, Traffic Models@forum8.co.jp Summary: This paper presents a virtual reality (VR) system that enables large

  9. Marginal costs of freeway traffic congestion with on-road pollution exposure externality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Marginal costs of freeway traffic congestion with on-road pollution exposure externality Alexander August 2012 Received in revised form 6 March 2013 Accepted 23 September 2013 Keywords: External costs Traffic congestion On-road In-vehicle Pollution exposure Vehicle emissions a b s t r a c t The health cost

  10. Internet traffic modeling by means of Hidden Markov Models q,qq Alberto Dainotti a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Internet traffic modeling by means of Hidden Markov Models q,qq Alberto Dainotti a , Antonio 29, 81031 Aversa (CE), Italy a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 1 March 2007 Received. Smirnow a b s t r a c t In this work, we propose a Hidden Markov Model for Internet traffic sources

  11. Using Traffic Flow for Cluster Formation in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weigle, Michele

    Using Traffic Flow for Cluster Formation in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks Mohammad S. Almalag of the traffic will flow. I. INTRODUCTION Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) are considered to be a class MANETs. Nodes in VANETs have more processing power and storage space and typically have no battery

  12. Real-Time Multi-Sensor Multi-Source Network Data Fusion Using Dynamic Traffic Assignment Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Akiva, Moshe E.

    This paper presents a model-based data fusion framework that allows systematic fusing of multi-sensor multi-source traffic network data at real-time. Using simulation-based Dynamic Traffic Assignment (DTA) models, the ...

  13. IEICE TRANS. COMMUN., VOL.E85A, NO.1 JANUARY 2002 Traffic Engineering with Constrained Multipath Routing in MPLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEICE TRANS. COMMUN., VOL.E85­A, NO.1 JANUARY 2002 1 PAPER Traffic Engineering with Constrained in a network, or resource utilization, can be maximized if a traffic demand is split over multiple paths

  14. The effectiveness of jobs-housing balance as a strategy for reducing traffic congestion: a study of metropolitan Bangkok 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lobyaem, Sonchai

    2006-10-30

    Bangkok is widely known for its severe traffic congestion. The Thai government advocates the concept of jobs and housing balance (JHB) as a strategy for reducing traffic congestion in Metropolitan Bangkok. The basic idea is to decentralize the jobs...

  15. High flow rate nozzle system with production of uniform size droplets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stockel, I.H.

    1990-10-16

    Method steps for production of substantially uniform size droplets from a flow of liquid include forming the flow of liquid, periodically modulating the momentum of the flow of liquid in the flow direction at controlled frequency, generating a cross flow direction component of momentum and modulation of the cross flow momentum of liquid at substantially the same frequency and phase as the modulation of flow direction momentum, and spraying the so formed modulated flow through a first nozzle outlet to form a desired spray configuration. A second modulated flow through a second nozzle outlet is formed according to the same steps, and the first and second modulated flows impinge upon each other generating a liquid sheet. Nozzle apparatus for modulating each flow includes rotating valving plates interposed in the annular flow of liquid. The plates are formed with radial slots. Rotation of the rotating plates is separably controlled at differential angular velocities for a selected modulating frequency to achieve the target droplet size and production rate for a given flow. The counter rotating plates are spaced to achieve a desired amplitude of modulation in the flow direction, and the angular velocity of the downstream rotating plate is controlled to achieve the desired amplitude of modulation of momentum in the cross flow direction. Amplitude of modulation is set according to liquid viscosity. 5 figs.

  16. High flow rate nozzle system with production of uniform size droplets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stockel, Ivar H. (Bangor, ME)

    1990-01-01

    Method steps for production of substantially uniform size droplets from a flow of liquid include forming the flow of liquid, periodically modulating the momentum of the flow of liquid in the flow direction at controlled frequency, generating a cross flow direction component of momentum and modulation of the cross flow momentum of liquid at substantially the same frequency and phase as the modulation of flow direction momentum, and spraying the so formed modulated flow through a first nozzle outlet to form a desired spray configuration. A second modulated flow through a second nozzle outlet is formed according to the same steps, and the first and second modulated flows impinge upon each other generating a liquid sheet. Nozzle apparatus for modulating each flow includes rotating valving plates interposed in the annular flow of liquid. The plates are formed with radial slots. Rotation of the rotating plates is separably controlled at differential angular velocities for a selected modulating frequency to achieve the target droplet size and production rate for a given flow. The counter rotating plates are spaced to achieve a desired amplitude of modulation in the flow direction, and the angular velocity of the downstream rotating plate is controlled to achieve the desired amplitude of modulation of momentum in the cross flow direction. Amplitude of modulation is set according to liquid viscosity.

  17. Development of Integrated Meso/Microscale Traffic Simulation Software for Testing Fault Detection and Handling Algorithms in AHS: Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Roberto

    2003-01-01

    Traffic Simulation Software for Testing Fault Detection andTra?c Simulation Software for Testing Fault Detection and

  18. Self-Tuning PI TCP Flow Controller for AQM Routers With Interval Gain and Phase Margin Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Changcheng

    -tuning proportional-integral (PI) controller for Active Queue Management (AQM) in the Internet. Classical control to achieve good AQM performance while adapting the AQM control system to great traffic load changes very well Queue Management, PI Control, Gain Margin, Phase Margin, Self-Tune 1. INTRODUCTION Congestion control

  19. Uniformly wound superconducting coil and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mookerjee, S.; Weijun, S.; Yager, B.

    1994-03-08

    A coil of superconducting wire for a superconducting magnet is described having a relatively dense and uniformly spaced winding to enhance the homogeneity and strength of the magnetic field surrounding the coil and a method of winding the same wherein the mandrel used to wind said coil comprises removable spacers and retainers forming a plurality of outwardly opening slots, each of said slots extending generally about the periphery of the mandrel and being sized to receive and outwardly align and retain successive turns of the superconducting wire within each slot as the wire is wound around and laterally across the mandrel to form a plurality of wire ribbons of a predetermined thickness laterally across the mandrel. 8 figures.

  20. Uniformly wound superconducting coil and method of making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mookerjee, Sumit (Cedar Hill, TX); Weijun, Shen (Beijun, CN); Yager, Billy (Waxahachie, TX)

    1994-01-01

    A coil of superconducting wire for a superconducting magnet having a relaely dense and uniformly spaced winding to enhance the homogeneity and strength of the magnetic field surrounding the coil and a method of winding the same wherein the mandrel used to wind said coil comprises removable spacers and retainers forming a plurality of outwardly opening slots, each of said slots extending generally about the periphery of the mandrel and being sized to receive and outwardly align and retain successive turns of the superconducting wire within each slot as the wire is wound around and laterally across the mandrel to form a plurality of wire ribbons of a predetermined thickness laterally across the mandrel.

  1. Coupled Serial and Parallel Non-uniform SQUIDs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Longhini, Patrick; In, Visarath; Berggren, Susan; Palacios, Antonio; Leese de Escobar, Anna

    2011-04-19

    In this work we numerical model series and parallel non-uniform superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) array. Previous work has shown that series SQUID array constructed with a random distribution of loop sizes, (i.e. different areas for each SQUID loop) there exists a unique 'anti-peak' at the zero magnetic field for the voltage versus applied magnetic field (V-B). Similar results extend to a parallel SQUID array where the difference lies in the arrangement of the Josephson junctions. Other system parameter such as bias current, the number of loops, and mutual inductances are varied to demonstrate the change in dynamic range and linearity of the V-B response. Application of the SQUID array as a low noise amplifier (LNA) would increase link margins and affect the entire communication system. For unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), size, weight and power are limited, the SQUID array would allow use of practical 'electrically small' antennas that provide acceptable gain.

  2. Cooled, temperature controlled electrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morgan, John P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1992-01-01

    A cooled, temperature controlled electrometer for the measurement of small currents. The device employs a thermal transfer system to remove heat from the electrometer circuit and its environment and dissipate it to the external environment by means of a heat sink. The operation of the thermal transfer system is governed by a temperature regulation circuit which activates the thermal transfer system when the temperature of the electrometer circuit and its environment exceeds a level previously inputted to the external variable temperature control circuit. The variable temperature control circuit functions as subpart of the temperature control circuit. To provide temperature stability and uniformity, the electrometer circuit is enclosed by an insulated housing.

  3. Cooled, temperature controlled electrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morgan, John P.

    1992-08-04

    A cooled, temperature controlled electrometer for the measurement of small currents. The device employs a thermal transfer system to remove heat from the electrometer circuit and its environment and dissipate it to the external environment by means of a heat sink. The operation of the thermal transfer system is governed by a temperature regulation circuit which activates the thermal transfer system when the temperature of the electrometer circuit and its environment exceeds a level previously inputted to the external variable temperature control circuit. The variable temperature control circuit functions as subpart of the temperature control circuit. To provide temperature stability and uniformity, the electrometer circuit is enclosed by an insulated housing.

  4. Fabrication and evaluation of uniform and gradient density epoxies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Domeier, L.A.; Skala, D.M.; Goods, S.H. [and others

    1997-11-01

    Filled epoxy materials which vary in density in a designed manner have been fabricated and their mechanical properties evaluated. Density variations were produced by incorporating different volume fractions of either glass microballoons (GMB) or alumina. Several different sample types were evaluated including uniform density (0.8 g/cm{sup 3} < {rho} < 2.0 g/cm{sup 3}) samples and gradient density samples (GMB only, 0.8 g/cm{sup 3} < {rho} < 1.2 g/cm{sup 3}). The uniform density specimens were evaluated for the effects of filler type and concentration on modulus and toughness. Results indicated that addition of alumina filler significantly increased the resulting modulus while addition of GMB had little measurable effect. These differences could be understood in terms of the differing moduli of the additives relative to that of the epoxy matrix. In the former case the alumina particulates had a modulus much greater than that of the epoxy while in the latter case, the modulus of the GMB additive was only slightly greater than that of the matrix. Addition of either filler significantly degraded the toughness of the composite specimens and precluded the use of gradients to enhance toughness performance. Discontinuous {open_quotes}block{close_quotes} gradients used for testing were fabricated by simple sequential pours of formulations with different GMB loadings and were evaluated for modulus, strength and ductility. Continuous gradients were fabricated in process studies by programmed shifts in the peristaltic pumping/mixing ratio of epoxies filled with either alumina or GMB. None of the continuous gradient materials were mechanically tested. These results suggest that applications utilizing gradient materials containing alumina and similar high modulus fillers to provide designed stiffness rather than improved toughness are the most appropriate targets for future investigation.

  5. Thermal sensation and comfort models for non-uniform and transient environments: Part III: whole-body sensation and comfort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Hui; Arens, Edward; Huizenga, Charlie; Han, Taeyoung

    2009-01-01

    and non-uniform thermal environments. Ph.D. thesis,ISO 7730 - Moderate thermal environments - determination ofwere exposed to uniform thermal environments, but because

  6. Using Machine Learning Techniques to Identify Botnet Traffic Carl Livadas Robert Walsh David Lapsley W. Timothy Strayer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynch, Nancy

    the command and con- trol (C2) traffic of IRC-based botnets -- compromised hosts that are collectively commanded using Internet Relay Chat (IRC). We split this task into two stages: (I) distinguishing between IRC and non-IRC traffic, and (II) distinguishing between botnet and real IRC traffic. For Stage I, we

  7. A Comparison of Static and Dynamic Traffic Assignment Under Tolls: A Study of the Dallas-Fort Worth Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    A Comparison of Static and Dynamic Traffic Assignment Under Tolls: A Study of the Dallas-Fort Worth, most of the work in the literature uses static transportation models for analysis. The benefits comparison of static traffic assignment with the VISTA model, a simulation-based dynamic traffic assignment

  8. Blended Interaction as an Approach for Holistic Control Room Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiterer, Harald

    ranging from energy production to traffic control. Copyright is held by the author/owner(s). CHI'13, April or industrial production plants. In today's control rooms operators mainly interact with these processes via of Konstanz 78464 Konstanz, Germany Simon.Butscher@uni-konstanz.de Jens Müller Human-Computer Interaction

  9. ECR apparatus with magnetic coil for plasma refractive index control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berry, Lee A. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1994-01-01

    The present invention describes a technique to control the radial profile of microwave power in an ECR plasma discharge. In order to provide for a uniform plasma density to a specimen, uniform energy absorption by the plasma is desired. By controlling the radial profile of the microwave power transmitted through the microwave window of a reactor, the profile of the transmitted energy to the plasma can be controlled in order to have uniform energy absorption by the plasma. An advantage of controlling the profile using the window transmission characteristics is that variations to the radial profile of microwave power can be made without changing the microwave coupler or reactor design.

  10. ECR apparatus with magnetic coil for plasma refractive index control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berry, L.A.

    1994-04-26

    The present invention describes a technique to control the radial profile of microwave power in an ECR plasma discharge. In order to provide for a uniform plasma density to a specimen, uniform energy absorption by the plasma is desired. By controlling the radial profile of the microwave power transmitted through the microwave window of a reactor, the profile of the transmitted energy to the plasma can be controlled in order to have uniform energy absorption by the plasma. An advantage of controlling the profile using the window transmission characteristics is that variations to the radial profile of microwave power can be made without changing the microwave coupler or reactor design. 9 figures.

  11. EGR Spatial Uniformity & Cylinder-Resolved Transients-Measurements...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EGR dynamics. p-27yoo.pdf More Documents & Publications CumminsORNL-FEERC CRADA: NOx Control & Measurement Technology for Heavy-Duty Diesel Engines Cummins-ORNLFEERC...

  12. Trading Infinite Memory for Uniform Randomness in Timed Games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henzinger, Thomas A.

    restriction on the game structure, and gives both players equally powerful options for advancing time specified as parity conditions. These games offer an appropriate model for the synthesis of real randomized real- time controllers are much simpler in structure than the corresponding pure controllers

  13. Trading Infinite Memory for Uniform Randomness in Timed Games #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henzinger, Thomas A.

    restriction on the game structure, and gives both players equally powerful options for advancing time objectives specified as parity conditions. These games o#er an appropriate model for the synthesis of real randomized real­ time controllers are much simpler in structure than the corresponding pure controllers

  14. Gemini MCAO Control System , J. Sebag1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gemini MCAO Control System C. Boyer1 , J. Sebag1 , M. Hunten1 , L. Saddlemyer2 Gemini Preprint #77, 5071 W. Saanich Road, Victoria BC V9E 2E7 Canada #12;Gemini MCAO Control System Corinne Boyer-uniform atmospheric compensation over a 1 arc minute square field of view. The control of such a system will be split

  15. Effect of magnetic field profile on the uniformity of a distributed electron cyclotron resonance plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, C. C.; Chou, S. F. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chang, T. H.; Chao, H. W. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Chen, C. C. [Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology, Lung-Tan, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China)] [Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology, Lung-Tan, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China)

    2013-07-15

    This study extensively measured the uniformity of an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma versus the magnetic field distribution. The influence of magnetic field distribution on the generation of uniform ECR plasma was examined. It is suggested that in addition to the uniformity of the magnetic field distribution at ECR zone and at the downstream zone near the substrate, the transition of the magnetic field between these two zones is also crucial. A uniform ECR plasma with the electron density uniformity of ±7.7% over 500 × 500 mm{sup 2} was measured at the downstream. The idea of generating uniform ECR plasma can be scaled up to a much larger area by using an n × n microwave input array and a well-designed magnetic system.

  16. An analysis of the size-control and uniformity of polymeric nanoparticle preparation techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pyle, Benjamin Ryan

    2013-01-01

    Nanoparticles are bridge the gap between the micro and atomic scale and have found a variety of different used, especially in the drug-delivery field. This paper will break down some of the mot common methods for polymeric ...

  17. Microfluidic device incorporating closed loop feedback control for uniform and tunable production of micro-droplets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothstein, Jonathan

    with high-resolution and sensitivity.1 The physics of the fluid flow through microchannels within numbers as a result of the disparately small length scales, thereby remaining laminar even for fluids, Accepted 2nd February 2010 First published as an Advance Article on the web 25th February 2010 DOI: 10

  18. Sealable stagnation flow geometries for the uniform deposition of materials and heat

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McCarty, Kevin F. (Livermore, CA); Kee, Robert J. (Livermore, CA); Lutz, Andrew E. (Alamo, CA); Meeks, Ellen (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01

    The present invention employs a constrained stagnation flow geometry apparatus to achieve the uniform deposition of materials or heat. The present invention maximizes uniform fluxes of reactant gases to flat surfaces while minimizing the use of reagents and finite dimension edge effects. This results, among other things, in large area continuous films that are uniform in thickness, composition and structure which is important in chemical vapor deposition processes such as would be used for the fabrication of semiconductors.

  19. Determination of traffic responsive plan selection factors and thresholds using artificial neural networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Anuj

    2004-11-15

    events, holiday traffic, shifting of peak times due to slight changes in office timings, or just due to a recursive demand with variable cycle length. In order to implement the most efficient timing plan for a given demand, traffic responsive plan..., but in a random manner. These cases can be handled efficiently using the TRPS mode, which provides a mechanism to select a timing plan as a real-time response to measured changes in traffic demands. So TRPS mode, if correctly set, can result...

  20. The Motion Of A Spring Released From Uniform Circular Motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dooling, Thomas; Carnaghi, Matthew; Titus, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    A weak spring is connected at one end to a rotor turning at constant angular velocity. The spring extends to a stretched length as determined by the spring mass, rest length, spring constant, rotor radius and rotor angular velocity. When released from the rotor, the inner end of the spring pulls away as expected, causing a wave to travel down the spring as it collapses. During this time interval, the outer end of the spring continues to move along its original circular path in uniform circular motion, as if the spring were still connected to the rotor. This is analogous to the effect of a hanging Slinky released from rest whose bottom end remains at a fixed position above the ground until a wave from the top of the Slinky reaches the bottom of the Slinky. Values from a numerical model and measurements from video analysis show that upon release the inner end travels along a circle of similar radius as the outer end. The effect appears as a series of alternating semi-circles. In addition, the simulation and dat...