Sample records for unflavored mesons light

  1. Light Vector Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Milov

    2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This article reviews the current status of experimental results obtained in the measurement of light vector mesons produced in proton-proton and heavy ion collisions at different energies. The review is focused on two phenomena related to the light vector mesons; the modification of the spectral shape in search of Chiral symmetry restoration and suppression of the meson production in heavy ion collisions. The experimental results show that the spectral shape of light vector mesons are modified compared to the parameters measured in vacuum. The nature and the magnitude of the modification depends on the energy density of the media in which they are produced. The suppression patterns of light vector mesons are different from the measurements of other mesons and baryons. The mechanisms responsible for the suppression of the mesons are not yet understood. Systematic comparison of existing experimental results points to the missing data which may help to resolve the problem.

  2. Light Meson Distribution Amplitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Arthur; P. A. Boyle; D. Brömmel; M. A. Donnellan; J. M. Flynn; A. Jüttner; H. Pedroso de Lima; T. D. Rae; C. T. Sachrajda; B. Samways

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculated the first two moments of the light-cone distribution amplitudes for the pseudoscalar mesons ($\\pi$ and $K$) and the longitudinally polarised vector mesons ($\\rho$, $K^*$ and $\\phi$) as part of the UKQCD and RBC collaborations' $N_f=2+1$ domain-wall fermion phenomenology programme. These quantities were obtained with a good precision and, in particular, the expected effects of $SU(3)$-flavour symmetry breaking were observed. Operators were renormalised non-perturbatively and extrapolations to the physical point were made, guided by leading order chiral perturbation theory. The main results presented are for two volumes, $16^3\\times 32$ and $24^3\\times 64$, with a common lattice spacing. Preliminary results for a lattice with a finer lattice spacing, $32^3\\times64$, are discussed and a first look is taken at the use of twisted boundary conditions to extract distribution amplitudes.

  3. The light meson spectroscopy program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Elton S. [JLAB

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent discoveries of a number of unexpected new charmomium-like meson states at the BaBar and Belle B-factories have demonstrated how little is still known about meson spectroscopy. In this talk we will review recent highlights of the light quark spectroscopy from collider and fixed target experiments.

  4. Rare meson decays into very light neutralinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Leary, Ben [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen (Germany)

    2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Results are presented for the two-body decays of mesons into light neutralinos and from the first complete calculation of the loop-induced decays of kaons to pions plus light neutralinos and of B mesons to kaons plus light neutralinos. The branching ratios are shown to be strongly suppressed within the MSSM with minimal flavor violation, and no bounds on the neutralino mass can be inferred from experimental data, i.e. a massless neutralino is allowed.

  5. Exotic hybrid mesons with light quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claude Bernard; Tom Blum; Thomas A. DeGrand; Carleton DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; Urs. M. Heller; Jim Hetrick; Craig McNeile; Kari Rummukainen; Bob Sugar; Doug Toussaint; Matt Wingate

    1996-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid mesons, made from a quark, an antiquark and gluons, can have quantum numbers inaccessible to conventional quark-antiquark states. Confirmation of such states would give information on the role of "dynamical" color in low energy QCD. We present preliminary results for hybrid meson masses using light Wilson valence quarks.

  6. Rare meson decays into very light neutralinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dreiner, H. K.; Grab, S.; Koschade, Daniel; Kraemer, M.; O'Leary, Ben; Langenfeld, Ulrich [Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics and Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen, Germany and Centre for Research in String Theory, Department of Physics, Queen Mary, University of London, E1 4NS London (United Kingdom); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, RWTH Aachen University, 52056 Aachen (Germany); DESY, Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany)

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the bounds on the mass of the lightest neutralino from rare meson decays within the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with and without minimal flavor violation. We present explicit formulas for the two-body decays of mesons into light neutralinos and perform the first complete calculation of the loop-induced decays of kaons to pions and light neutralinos and B mesons to kaons and light neutralinos. We find that the supersymmetric branching ratios are strongly suppressed within the MSSM with minimal flavor violation, and that no bounds on the neutralino mass can be inferred from experimental data, i.e., a massless neutralino is allowed. The branching ratios for kaon and B meson decays into light neutralinos may, however, be enhanced when one allows for nonminimal flavor violation. We find new constraints on the MSSM parameter space for such scenarios and discuss prospects for future kaon and B meson experiments. Finally, we comment on the search for light neutralinos in monojet signatures at the Tevatron and at the LHC.

  7. Study light scalar meson property from heavy meson decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu Caidian [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wang Wei [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Bari 70126 (Italy)

    2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In the SU(3) symmetry limit, the ratio R {identical_to} (B(D{sup +{yields}}f{sub 0}l{sup +{nu}})+B(D{sup +{yields}{sigma}}l{sup +{nu}})/B(D{sup +{yields}}a{sub 0}{sup 0}l{sup +{nu}})) is equal to 1 if the scalar mesons are q-barq states, while it is 3 if these mesons are tentraquark states. This ratio provides a model-independent way to distinguish the descriptions for light scalar mesons. It also applies to the B{sup -{yields}}Sl{sup -{nu}}-bar, and B{sup 0}-bar{yields}J/{psi}({eta}{sub c})S decays. The SU(3) symmetry breaking effect is found to be under control, which will not spoil our method. The branching fractions of the D{sup +{yields}}Sl{sup +{nu}}, B{sup -{yields}}Sl{sup -{nu}}-bar and B{sup 0}-bar{yields}J/{psi}({eta}{sub c})S decays roughly have the order 10{sup -4}, 10{sup -5} and 10{sup -6}, respectively. The B factory experiments and ongoing BEPC-II experiments are able to measure these channels and accordingly to provide the detailed information of the scalar meson inner structure.

  8. Light Vector Mesons in the Nuclear Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. H. Wood; R. Nasseripour; D. P. Weygand; C. Djalali; C. Tur; U. Mosel; P. Muehlich; CLAS Collaboration

    2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The light vector mesons ($\\rho$, $\\omega$, and $\\phi$) were produced in deuterium, carbon, titanium, and iron targets in a search for possible in-medium modifications to the properties of the $\\rho$ meson at normal nuclear densities and zero temperature. The vector mesons were detected with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) via their decays to $e^{+}e^{-}$. The rare leptonic decay was chosen to reduce final-state interactions. A combinatorial background was subtracted from the invariant mass spectra using a well-established event-mixing technique. The $\\rho$ meson mass spectrum was extracted after the $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ signals were removed in a nearly model-independent way. Comparisons were made between the $\\rho$ mass spectra from the heavy targets ($A > 2$) with the mass spectrum extracted from the deuterium target. With respect to the $\\rho$-meson mass, we obtain a small shift compatible with zero. Also, we measure widths consistent with standard nuclear many-body effects such as collisional broadening and Fermi motion.

  9. Precision Studies of Light Mesons at COMPASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Ketzer; for the COMPASS Collaboration

    2014-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The COMPASS experiment at CERN's SPS investigates the structure and excitations of strongly interacting systems. Using reactions of 190 GeV/c pions with protons and nuclear targets, mediated by the strong and electromagnetic interaction, an unprecedented statistical precision has been reached allowing new insight into the properties of light mesons. For the first time the diffractively produced 3pi final state has been analyzed simultaneously in bins of invariant mass and four-momentum transfer using a large set of 88 waves up to a total angular momentum of 6. In addition to a precise determination of the properties of known resonances and including a model-indepedent analysis of the pi pi S-wave isobar, a new narrow axial-vector state coupling strongly to f0(980)pi has been found in previously unchartered territory. By selecting reactions with very small four-momentum transfer COMPASS is able to study processes involving the exchange of quasi-real photons. These provide clean access to low-energy quantities such as radiative couplings and polarizabilities of mesons, and thus constitute a test of model predictions such as chiral perturbation theory.

  10. Hydrogen like classification for light nonstrange mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. S. Afonin

    2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent experimental results on the spectrum of highly excited light nonstrange mesons are known to reveal a high degree of degeneracy among different groups of states. We revise some suggestions about the nature of the phenomenon and put the relevant ideas into the final shape. The full group of approximate mass degeneracies is argued to be $SU(2)_f\\times I\\times O(4)$, where $I$ is the degeneracy of isosinglets and isotriplets and O(4) is the degeneracy group of the relativistic hydrogen atom. We discuss the dynamical origin and consequences of considered symmetry with a special emphasis on distinctions of this symmetry from the so-called chiral symmetry restoration scenario.

  11. Light-Meson Spectroscopy with COMPASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boris Grube for the COMPASS Collaboration

    2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    COMPASS is a multi-purpose fixed-target experiment at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron investigating the structure and spectrum of hadrons. One primary goal is the search for new hadronic states, in particular spin-exotic mesons and glueballs. After a short pilot run in 2004 with a 190 GeV/c $\\pi^-$ beam on a Pb target, which showed a significant spin-exotic $J^{PC} = 1^{-+}$ resonance consistent with the controversial $\\pi_1(1600)$, COMPASS collected large data samples with negative and positive hadron beams on H$_2$, Ni, W, and Pb targets in 2008 and 2009. We present results from a partial-wave analysis of diffractive dissociation of 190 GeV/c $\\pi^-$ into $\\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^-$ final states on Pb and H$_2$ targets with squared four-momentum transfer in the range 0.1 < t' < 1 (GeV/c)^2. This reaction provides clean access to the light-quark meson spectrum up to masses of 2.5 GeV/c^2. A first comparison of the data from Pb and H$_2$ target shows a strong target dependence of the production strength of states with spin projections $M = 0$ and 1 relative to the $a_2(1320)$. The 2004 Pb data were also analyzed in the region of small squared four-momentum transfer t' < 10^{-2} (GeV/c)^2, where we observe interference of diffractive production and photoproduction in the Coulomb-field of the Pb nucleus.

  12. Light meson emission in (anti)proton induced reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. A. Kuraev; E. S. Kokoulina; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2015-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Reactions induced by high energy antiprotons on proton on nuclei are accompanied with large probability by the emission of a few mesons. Interesting phenomena can be observed and QCD tests can be performed, through the detection of one or more mesons. The collinear emission from high energy (anti)proton beams of a hard pion or vector meson, can be calculated similarly to the emission of a hard photon from an electron \\cite{Kuraev:2013izz}. This is a well known process in QED, and it is called the "Quasi-Real Electron method", where the incident particle is an electron and a hard photon is emitted leaving an 'almost on shell' electron impinging on the target \\cite{Baier:1973ms}. Such process is well known as Initial State Emission (ISR) method of scanning over incident energy, and can be used, in the hadron case, to produce different kind of particles in similar kinematical conditions. In case of emission of a charged light meson, $\\pi$ or $\\rho$-meson, in proton-proton(anti-proton) collisions, the meson can be deviated in a magnetic field and detected. The collinear emission (along the beam direction) of a charged meson may be used to produce high energy (anti)neutron beams. This can be very useful to measure the difference of the cross sections of (anti)proton and (anti)neutron scattering from the target and may open the way for checking sum rules with antiparticles. Hard meson emission allows also to enhance the cross section when the energy loss from one of the incident particles lowers the total energy up to the mass of a resonance. The cross section can be calculated, on the basis of factorized formulas, where the probability of emission of the light mesons multiplies the cross section of the sub-process. Multiplicity distributions for neutral and charged meson production are also given.

  13. Structure of light meson multiplets and a semirelativistic model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fulcher, L.P.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A semirelativistic model of light quark-antiquark pairs, which is an extension of the phenomenological model of De Rujula, Georgi, and Glashow, is presented. Our model incorporates significant new relativistic kinetic energy effects as well as important relativistic corrections to the potential energy. For definiteness, the potential of Gupta, Radford, and Repko is used to help define the mass parameters. In order to obtain good agreement between theory and experiment, we include quark-antiquark annihilation effects for the 1S mesons and higher-order spin-spin effects for the 2S mesons. We are also successful at identifying numerous meson states between about 900 and 2300 MeV as members of the 1P, 1D, and 1F multiplets. Predictions are given for the locations of 19 missing meson states between 1300 and 2300 MeV.

  14. Light meson emission in (anti)proton induced reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuraev, E A; Tomasi-Gustafsson, E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reactions induced by high energy antiprotons on proton on nuclei are accompanied with large probability by the emission of a few mesons. Interesting phenomena can be observed and QCD tests can be performed, through the detection of one or more mesons. The collinear emission from high energy (anti)proton beams of a hard pion or vector meson, can be calculated similarly to the emission of a hard photon from an electron \\cite{Kuraev:2013izz}. This is a well known process in QED, and it is called the "Quasi-Real Electron method", where the incident particle is an electron and a hard photon is emitted leaving an 'almost on shell' electron impinging on the target \\cite{Baier:1973ms}. Such process is well known as Initial State Emission (ISR) method of scanning over incident energy, and can be used, in the hadron case, to produce different kind of particles in similar kinematical conditions. In case of emission of a charged light meson, $\\pi$ or $\\rho$-meson, in proton-proton(anti-proton) collisions, the meson can b...

  15. Effects of Light Scalar Mesons in eta -> 3pi decay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdou Abdel-Rehim; Deirdre Black; Amir H. Fariborz; Joseph Schechter

    2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the role of a possible nonet of light scalar mesons in the still interesting [eta] -> 3[p]i decay process, with the primary motivation of learning more about the scalars themselves. The framework is a conventional non-linear chiral Lagrangian of pseudoscalars and vectors extended to include the scalars. The parameters involving the scalars were previously obtained to fit the s-wave [pi][pi] and [pi] K scatterings in the region up to about 1 GeV as well as the strong decay [eta]' --> [eta][pi][pi]. At first, one might expect a large enhancement from diagrams including a light [sigma] (560). However there is an amusing cancellation mechanism which prevents this from occurring. In the simplest model there is an enhancement of about 13 per cent in the [eta] -> 3[pi] decay rate due to the scalars. In a more complicated model which includes derivative type symmetry breakers, the cancellation is modified and the scalars contribute about 30 percent of the total decay rate (although the total is not significantly changed). The vectors do not contribute much. Our model produces a reasonable estimate for the related a{sub 0}(980) - f{sub 0}(980) mixing strength, which has been a topic of current debate. Promising directions for future work along the present line are suggested.

  16. Results for light pseudoscalar mesons A. Bazavov, W. Freeman and D. Toussaint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Claude

    of the light pseudoscalar meson sector. Here we give the latest update of this project, focusing on SU(3 pseudoscalar meson sector. We use asqtad staggered ensembles with 2+1 dynamical flavors down to a 0.045 fm allowed us to remove all a priori restrictions on SU(3) NNLO low energy constants (LECs) from the fits

  17. Multiquark Correlations in Light Mesons and Baryons from holographic QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forkel, Hilmar [Institut fuer Physik, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, D-12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A hadron's multiquark content reflects itself in the quark composition of the interpolator with which it has maximal overlap. The AdS/CFT dictionary translates the anomalous dimension of this interpolator into a mass correction for the corresponding dual mode. Hence such bulk-mass corrections can carry specific information on multiquark correlations. Two prominent examples are studied by implementing this robust and universal holographic mechanism into AdS/QCD gravity duals. In the baryon sector bulk-mass corrections are used to describe systematic good (i.e. maximally attractive) diquark effects. The baryon sizes are predicted to decrease with increasing good-diquark content, and the masses of all 48 observed light-quark baryon states are reproduced with unprecedented accuracy. Our approach further provides the first holographic description of a dominant tetraquark component in the lowest-lying scalar mesons. The tetraquark ground state emerges naturally as the lightest scalar nonet whereas higher excitations become heavier than their quark--antiquark counterparts and are thus likely to dissolve into the multiparticle continuum.

  18. Light-Front Holography and Gauge/Gravity Duality: The Light Meson and Baryon Spectra

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.; Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC

    2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting from the bound state Hamiltonian equation of motion in QCD, we derive relativistic light-front wave equations in terms of an invariant impact variable {zeta} which measures the separation of the quark and gluonic constituents within the hadron at equal light-front time. These equations of motion in physical space-time are equivalent to the equations of motion which describe the propagation of spin-J modes in anti-de Sitter (AdS) space. Its eigenvalues give the hadronic spectrum, and its eigenmodes represent the probability amplitudes of the hadronic constituents at a given scale. An effective classical gravity description in a positive-sign dilaton background exp(+{kappa}{sup 2}z{sup 2}) is given for the phenomenologically successful soft-wall model which naturally encodes the internal structure of hadrons and their orbital angular momentum. Applications to the light meson and baryon spectrum are presented.

  19. Issues in Light Meson Spectroscopy: The Case for Meson Spectroscopy at Cebaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen Godfrey

    1994-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    I review some outstanding issues in meson spectroscopy. The most important qualitative issue is whether hadrons with explicit gluonic degrees of freedom exist. To answer this question requires a much better understanding of conventional $q\\bar{q}$ mesons. I therefore begin by examining the status of conventional meson spectroscopy and how the situation can be improved. The expected properties of gluonic excitations are discussed with particular emphasis on hybrids to give guidance to experimental searches. Multiquark systems are commented upon as they are likely to be important in the mass region under study and will have to be understood better. In the final section I discuss the opportunities that CEBAF can offer for the study of meson spectroscopy.

  20. Mesons with a Light Quark-Antiquark Pair and the Bethe-Salpeter Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean Lee

    1994-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The light quark-antiquark scattering Green's function is considered near a meson resonance peak. The Bethe-Salpeter equation is used to write formal expressions for the resonance width/mass ratio. Arguments are made concerning to what extent this ratio can be calculated perturbatively, and an upper bound is placed on the growth of this ratio as a function of radial excitation. Certain mesons and their radial excitations are considered, as well as the more general issue of classifying mesons in the quark model.

  1. Light Meson Form Factors at near Physical Masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owen, Benjamin; Leinweber, Derek; Menadue, Benjamin; Mahbub, Selim

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability for most hadrons to decay via strong interactions prevents the direct measurement of their electromagnetic properties. However, a detailed understanding of how these resonant states feature in scattering processes can allow one to disentangle such information from photo production processes. In particular, there has been increasing interest in the determination of magnetic dipole moments using such methods. In a recent study, Gudino et al. provide the first experimental determination of the magnetic dipole moment of the rho meson. To facilitate a comparison with this experimental determination, we present a calculation of the rho meson and pion electromagnetic form factors calculated in the framework of Lattice QCD. Using the PACS-CS 2+1 flavour full QCD gauge field configurations, we are able to access low $Q^2$ values at near-physical quark masses. Through the use of variational techniques, we control excited state systematics in the matrix elements of the lowest-lying states and gain access to ...

  2. Light Meson Form Factors at near Physical Masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjamin Owen; Waseem Kamleh; Derek Leinweber; Benjamin Menadue; Selim Mahbub

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability for most hadrons to decay via strong interactions prevents the direct measurement of their electromagnetic properties. However, a detailed understanding of how these resonant states feature in scattering processes can allow one to disentangle such information from photo production processes. In particular, there has been increasing interest in the determination of magnetic dipole moments using such methods. In a recent study, Gudino et al. provide the first experimental determination of the magnetic dipole moment of the rho meson. To facilitate a comparison with this experimental determination, we present a calculation of the rho meson and pion electromagnetic form factors calculated in the framework of Lattice QCD. Using the PACS-CS 2+1 flavour full QCD gauge field configurations, we are able to access low $Q^2$ values at near-physical quark masses. Through the use of variational techniques, we control excited state systematics in the matrix elements of the lowest-lying states and gain access to the matrix elements of the first excited state. Our determination of the rho meson $g$-factor $g_{\\rho} = 2.21(8)$ is in excellent agreement with this experimental determination, but with a significantly smaller uncertainty.

  3. On the efficiency of stochastic volume sources for the determination of light meson masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Endress; A. Jüttner; H. Wittig

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the efficiency of single timeslice stochastic sources for the calculation of light meson masses on the lattice as one varies the quark mass. Simulations are carried out with Nf = 2 flavours of non-perturbatively O(a) improved Wilson fermions for pion masses in the range of 450 - 760 MeV. Results for pseudoscalar and vector meson two-point correlation functions computed using stochastic as well as point sources are presented and compared. At fixed computational cost the stochastic approach reduces the variance considerably in the pseudoscalar channel for all simulated quark masses. The vector channel is more affected by the intrinsic stochastic noise. In order to obtain stable estimates of the statistical errors and a more pronounced plateau for the effective vector meson mass, a relatively large number of stochastic sources must be used.

  4. B to light meson form factors with end-point cutoff

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Jong-Phil [Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decay form factors of B to light pseudoscalar (P) and vector (V) mesons are analyzed with the momentum cutoff near the end point. The cutoff is caused by possible Cherenkov gluon radiation when an energetic light parton from the weak vertex travels through the 'brown muck' of light degrees of freedom. The end-point singularities and the double countings are naturally absent. The soft-overlap contributions where the partonic momenta configuration is highly asymmetric are very suppressed in this framework. A simple calculation gives a plausible results for B{yields}P, V form factors.

  5. Light vector meson production at the LHC with the ALICE detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elisa Incani

    2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The measurement of light vector meson production (\\rho, \\omega, \\phi) in pp collisions provides insight into soft Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) processes in the LHC energy range. Calculations in this regime are based on QCD inspired phenomenological models that must be tuned to the data. Moreover, light vector meson production provides a reference for high-energy heavy-ion collisions. A measurement of the \\phi and \\omega differential cross sections as performed by the ALICE experiment in pp collisions at 7 TeV and of the \\phi cross section in pp collisions at 2.76 TeV through their decay to muon pairs and in the rapidity interval 2.5 < y < 4.

  6. Photoproduction of eta-mesons from light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2003-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In a series of experiments coherent and quasifree eta-photoproduction from light nuclei (4He, 3He, 2H) was investigated with the TAPS-detector at the Mainz MAMI-accelerator. The experiments were motivated by two different subjects: the determination of the isospin structure of the electromagnetic excitation of the S11(1535) resonance and the study of the eta-nucleon and eta-nucleus interaction at small momenta. The results for the deuteron and 4He are summarized and first preliminary results for 3He are presented.

  7. Decay constants of heavy-light vector mesons from QCD sum rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patrick Gelhausen; Alexander Khodjamirian; Alexei A. Pivovarov; Denis Rosenthal

    2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit QCD sum rules for the decay constants of heavy-light mesons. In the sum rules for the vector mesons B^*_(s) and D^*_(s) we improve the accuracy of OPE, taking into account the O(alpha_s^2) terms in the perturbative part and calculating the O(alpha_s) corrections to the quark-condensate contribution. With this accuracy, we obtain the ratios of decay constants: f_B^*/f_B=1.02 +0.07 -0.03, f_D^*/f_D=1.20 +0.10 -0.07. The sum rule predictions for the decay constants of pseudoscalar mesons are updated with the results f_B=(207 +17 -9) MeV, f_B_s=(242 +17 -12) MeV, f_D=(201 +12 -13) MeV, f_D_s=(238 +13 -23) MeV. In order to assess the sensitivity of our calculation to the form of the sum rule, we consider alternative versions such as the power moments and Borel sum rules with different weights of the spectral density. We also investigated the heavy quark limit of the sum rules for vector and pseudoscalar mesons, estimating the violations of the heavy-quark spin and flavour symmetry.

  8. Photoproduction of Mesons off Light Nuclei -- the Search for ?-Mesic Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche; F. Pheron; Y. Magrbhi

    2010-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Photoproduction of \\eta mesons off light nuclei (d, 3He, 7Li) has been measured at the tagged photon beam of the Mainz MAMI accelerator with the combined Crystal Ball/TAPS detection system. Special attention was given to the threshold behavior of the reactions in view of possible indications for the formation of (quasi-) bound \\eta -nucleus states, so-called \\eta -mesic nuclei. A very strong threshold enhancement of coherent \\eta photoproduction off 3He was found and coherent \\eta photoproduction off 7Li was observed for the first time. Preliminary results will be discussed.

  9. Measurements of the meson-photon transition form factors of light pseudoscalar mesons at large momentum transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with the electromagnetic transitions ?*?? meson. We have measured these form factors in the momentum transfer ranges from 1.5 to 9, 20, and 30GeV(2) for ?(0), ?, and ??, respectively, and have made comparisons to various theoretical predictions....

  10. Spatial distributions in static heavy-light mesons: a comparison of quark models with lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damir Becirevic; Emmanuel Chang; Alain Le Yaouanc Luis Oliver; Jean-Claude Raynal

    2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Lattice measurements of spatial distributions of the light quark bilinear densities in static mesons allow to test directly and in detail the wave functions of quark models. These distributions are gauge invariant quantities directly related to the spatial distribution of wave functions. We make a detailed comparison of the recent lattice QCD results with our own quark models, formulated previously for quite different purposes. We find a striking agreement not only between our two quark models, but also with the lattice QCD data for the ground state in an important range of distances up to about 4/GeV. Moreover the agreement extends to the L=1 states [j^P=(1/2)^+]. An explanation of several particular features completely at odds with the non-relativistic approximation is provided. A rather direct, somewhat unexpected and of course approximate relation between wave functions of certain quark models and QCD has been established.

  11. Branching ratios for the decays of {psi}(3770) and Y(10580) mesons to a pair of light hadrons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Achasov, N. N., E-mail: achasov@math.nsc.ru; Kozhevnikov, A. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, Siberian Division (Russian Federation)], E-mail: kozhev@math.nsc.ru

    2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The branching ratios for the exclusive decays of the heavy quarkonia {psi}(3770) and Y(10580) to a pair of light mesons [{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, KK-bar, {rho}({omega}){pi}, {rho}({omega}){eta}, {rho}({omega}){eta}', K{sup *}K-bar+c.c, {rho}{sup +}{rho}{sup -}, and K{sup *}K-bar{sup *}] and the branching ratios for the decays {psi}(3770) {sup {yields}} J/{psi} + P(P = {pi}{sup 0}, {eta}) and Y(10580) {sup {yields}} Y(1S) + P(P = {pi}{sup 0},{eta},{eta}'), which involve a heavy quarkonium in the final state, are calculated with allowance for new data on the width of the D*{sup {+-}}(2010) meson and the mass differences between the charged and neutral beauty mesons (B{sup {+-}}, on one hand, and B{sup 0} and B-bar{sup 0}, on the other hand). The calculations are based on the model where the Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka rule is dynamically violated owing to the intermediate state DD-bar(BB-bar) in the case of the {psi}(3770) [Y(10580)] meson. The inclusive annihilation of {psi}(3770) and Y(10580) mesons to light hadrons is discussed.

  12. QCD sum-rule results for heavy-light meson decay constants and comparison with lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Lucha; D. Melikhov; S. Simula

    2014-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Updated predictions for the decay constants of the D, Ds, B and Bs mesons obtained from Borel QCD sum rules for heavy-light currents are presented and compared with the recent lattice averages performed by the Flavor Lattice Averaging Group. An excellent agreement is obtained in the charm sector, while some tension is observed in the bottom sector. Moreover, available lattice and QCD sum-rule calculations of the decay constants of the vector D*, Ds*, B* and Bs* mesons are compared. Again some tension in the bottom sector is observed.

  13. QCD sum-rule results for heavy-light meson decay constants and comparison with lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucha, W; Simula, S

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Updated predictions for the decay constants of the D, Ds, B and Bs mesons obtained from Borel QCD sum rules for heavy-light currents are presented and compared with the recent lattice averages performed by the Flavor Lattice Averaging Group. An excellent agreement is obtained in the charm sector, while some tension is observed in the bottom sector. Moreover, available lattice and QCD sum-rule calculations of the decay constants of the vector D*, Ds*, B* and Bs* mesons are compared. Again some tension in the bottom sector is observed.

  14. Interactions of Charmed Mesons with Light Pseudoscalar Mesons from Lattice QCD and Implications on the Nature of the D?s0(2317)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liuming, Liu; Orginos, Kostas; Guo, Feng-Kun; Hanhart, Christoph; Meissner, Ulf-G.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the scattering of light pseudoscalar mesons ( p , K ) off charmed mesons ( D , D s ) in full lattice QCD. The S -wave scattering lengths are calculated using Lüscher’s finite volume tech- nique. We use a relativistic formulation for the charm quark. For the light quark, we use domain- wall fermions in the valence sector and improved Kogut-Susskind sea quarks. We calculate the scattering lengths of isospin-3/2 D p , D s p , D s K , isospin-0 D ? K and isospin-1 D ? K channels on the lattice. For the chiral extrapolation, we use a chiral unitary approach to next-to-leading order, which at the same time allows us to give predictions for other channels. It turns out that our results support the interpretation of the D s 0 ( 2317 ) as a DK molecule. At the same time, we also update a prediction for the isospin breaking hadronic decay width G ( D s 0 ( 2317 ) ! D s p ) to ( 133 22 ) keV.

  15. Magnetic polarizabilities of light mesons in $SU(3)$ lattice gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. V. Luschevskaya; O. E. Solovjeva; O. A. Kochetkov; O. V. Teryaev

    2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the masses (ground state energies) of neutral pseudoscalar and vector meson in $SU(3)$ lattice gauge theory in strong abelian magnetic field. The energy of $\\rho^0$ meson with zero spin projection $s_z=0$ on the axis of the external magnetic field decreases, while the energies with non-zero spins $s_z=-1$ and $+1$ increase with the field. The energy of $\\pi^0$ meson decrease as a function of the magnetic field. We calculated the magnetic polarizabilities of pseudoscalar and vector mesons for lattice volume $18^4$. For $\\rho^0$ with spin $|s_z|=1$ and $\\pi^0$ meson the extrapolations to zero lattice spacing have been done. We do not observe any evidence in favour of tachyonic mode existence.

  16. The In-medium Mass and Widths of Light Vector Mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Djalali, C.; Paolone, M. [University of South Carolina, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Columbia, SC 29208 (United States); Weygand, D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Wood, M. H. [Canisius College, Department of Physics, Buffalo, NY 14208 (United States); Nasseripour, R. [George Washington University, Department of Physics, Washington, DC 20052 (United States)

    2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Partial restoration of chiral symmetry in ordinary nuclear matter suggests the modification of properties of vector mesons, such as a shift in mass and/or a change of width. Photoproduction of vector mesons off nuclei were performed at Jefferson Lab using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The properties of the {rho}, {omega} and {phi} mesons were investigated via their rare leptonic decay to e+e-. This decay channel has an advantage over hadronic modes as it eliminates final state interactions in the nuclear matter. After subtracting the combinatorial background, the meson mass distributions were extracted for each of the nuclear targets. No significant mass shift is observed, however substantial increase in the widths of the mesons is reported.

  17. Magnetic polarizabilities of light mesons in $SU(3)$ lattice gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. V. Luschevskaya; O. E. Solovjeva; O. A. Kochetkov; O. V. Teryaev

    2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the masses (ground state energies) of neutral pseudoscalar and vector meson in $SU(3)$ lattice gauge theory in strong abelian magnetic field. The energy of $\\rho^0$ meson with zero spin projection $s_z=0$ on the axis of the external magnetic field decreases, while the energies with non-zero spins $s_z=-1$ and $+1$ increase with the field. The energy of $\\pi^0$ meson decrease as a function of the magnetic field. We calculated the magnetic polarizabilities of pseudoscalar and vector mesons for lattice volume $18^4$. For $\\rho^0$ with spin $|s_z|=1$ and $\\pi^0$ meson the extrapolations to zero lattice spacing have been done. We do not observe any evidence in favour of tachyonic mode existence.

  18. Light Vector Meson Photoproduction off of H at Jefferson Lab and rho-omega Interference in the Leptonic Decay Channel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaden Djalali

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies of light vector meson production in heavy nuclear targets has generated interest in {rho}-{omega} interference in the leptonic e{sup +}e{sup -} decay channel. An experimental study of the elementary process provides valuable input for theoretical models and calculations. In experiment E04-005 (g12), high statistics photoproduction data has been taken in Jefferson Lab's Hall B with the Cebaf Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The invariant mass spectrum is fitted with two interfering relativistic Breit-Wigner functions to determine the interference phase. Preliminary analysis indicate a measurable {rho}-{omega} interference.

  19. Photoproduction of mesons off light nuclei Department of Physics, University of Basel, Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krusche, Bernd

    nuclei was furthermore explored for the study of hadron in-medium properties and the interaction it is also used to study hadron in-medium properties and meson - nucleon interactions (see e.g. [1, 2, 3, 4 to the search for -mesic states in helium and lithium nuclei. Sixth International Conference on Quarks

  20. Variational Analysis of Mass Spectra and Decay Constants for Ground State Pseudoscalar and Vector Mesons in Light-Front Quark Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Ho-Meoyng; Li, Ziyue

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the variational principle, we compute mass spectra and decay constants of ground state pseudoscalar and vector mesons in the light-front quark model with the QCD-motivated effective Hamiltonian including the hyperfine interaction. By smearing out the Dirac delta function in the hyperfine interaction, we avoid the issue of negative infinity in applying the variational principle to the computation of meson mass spectra. In comparison with the previous computation handling the hyperfine interaction as perturbation, our variational analysis provides an overall improvement on the agreement with the experimental data of mass spectra for the ground state pseudoscalar and vector mesons from $\\pi$ to $\\Upsilon$. By taking a larger harmonic oscillator basis in our trial wave function, we also obtain the better agreement between the experimental data of decay constants and the results from our model calculation for these mesons.

  1. Hybrid Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. Meyer; E. S. Swanson

    2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of the theoretical and experimental status of hybrid hadrons is presented. The states $\\pi_1(1400)$, $\\pi_1(1600)$, and $\\pi_1(2015)$ are thoroughly reviewed, along with experimental results from GAMS, VES, Obelix, COMPASS, KEK, CLEO, Crystal Barrel, CLAS, and BNL. Theoretical lattice results on the gluelump spectrum, adiabatic potentials, heavy and light hybrids, and transition matrix elements are discussed. These are compared with bag, string, flux tube, and constituent gluon models. Strong and electromagnetic decay models are described and compared to lattice gauge theory results. We conclude that while good evidence for the existence of a light isovector exotic meson exists, its confirmation as a hybrid meson awaits discovery of its iso-partners. We also conclude that lattice gauge theory rules out a number of hybrid models and provides a reference to judge the success of others.

  2. Light vector meson photoproduction in hadron-hadron and nucleus-nucleus collisions at the energies available at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Sampaio dos Santos; M. V. T. Machado

    2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we analyse the theoretical uncertainties on the predictions for the photoproduction of light vector mesons in coherent pp, pA and AA collisions at the LHC energies using the color dipole approach. In particular, we present our predictions for the rapidity distribution for rh0 and phi photoproduction and perform an analysis on the uncertainties associated to the choice of vector meson wavefunctionand the phenomenological models for the dipole cross section. Comparison is done with the recent ALICE analysis on coherent production of rho at 2.76 TeV in PbPb collisions.

  3. Decay constants of B-mesons from non-perturbative HQET with two light dynamical quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Bernardoni; B. Blossier; J. Bulava; M. Della Morte; P. Fritzsch; N. Garron; A. Gérardin; J. Heitger; G. von Hippel; H. Simma; R. Sommer

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a computation of B-meson decay constants from lattice QCD simulations within the framework of Heavy Quark Effective Theory for the b-quark. The next-to-leading order corrections in the HQET expansion are included non-perturbatively. Based on Nf=2 gauge field ensembles, covering three lattice spacings a (0.08-0.05)fm and pion masses down to 190MeV, a variational method for extracting hadronic matrix elements is used to keep systematic errors under control. In addition we perform a careful autocorrelation analysis in the extrapolation to the continuum and to the physical pion mass limits. Our final results read fB=186(13)MeV, fBs=224(14)MeV and fBs/fB=1.203(65). A comparison with other results in the literature does not reveal a dependence on the number of dynamical quarks, and effects from truncating HQET appear to be negligible.

  4. Light vector meson production in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALICE Collaboration; B. Abelev; A. Abrahantes Quintana; D. Adamová; A. M. Adare; M. M. Aggarwal; G. Aglieri Rinella; A. G. Agocs; A. Agostinelli; S. Aguilar Salazar; Z. Ahammed; N. Ahmad; A. Ahmad Masoodi; S. U. Ahn; A. Akindinov; D. Aleksandrov; B. Alessandro; R. Alfaro Molina; A. Alici; A. Alkin; E. Almaráz Aviña; T. Alt; V. Altini; S. Altinpinar; I. Altsybeev; C. Andrei; A. Andronic; V. Anguelov; C. Anson; T. Anti?i?; F. Antinori; P. Antonioli; L. Aphecetche; H. Appelshäuser; N. Arbor; S. Arcelli; A. Arend; N. Armesto; R. Arnaldi; T. Aronsson; I. C. Arsene; M. Arslandok; A. Asryan; A. Augustinus; R. Averbeck; T. C. Awes; J. Äystö; M. D. Azmi; M. Bach; A. Badalà; Y. W. Baek; R. Bailhache; R. Bala; R. Baldini Ferroli; A. Baldisseri; A. Baldit; F. Baltasar Dos Santos Pedrosa; J. Bán; R. C. Baral; R. Barbera; F. Barile; G. G. Barnaföldi; L. S. Barnby; V. Barret; J. Bartke; M. Basile; N. Bastid; B. Bathen; G. Batigne; B. Batyunya; C. Baumann; I. G. Bearden; H. Beck; I. Belikov; F. Bellini; R. Bellwied; E. Belmont-Moreno; S. Beole; I. Berceanu; A. Bercuci; Y. Berdnikov; D. Berenyi; C. Bergmann; D. Berzano; L. Betev; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; L. Bianchi; N. Bianchi; C. Bianchin; J. Biel?ík; J. Biel?íková; A. Bilandzic; F. Blanco; F. Blanco; D. Blau; C. Blume; M. Boccioli; N. Bock; A. Bogdanov; H. Bøggild; M. Bogolyubsky; L. Boldizsár; M. Bombara; J. Book; H. Borel; A. Borissov; C. Bortolin; S. Bose; F. Bossú; M. Botje; S. Böttger; B. Boyer; P. Braun-Munzinger; M. Bregant; T. Breitner; M. Broz; R. Brun; E. Bruna; G. E. Bruno; D. Budnikov; H. Buesching; S. Bufalino; K. Bugaiev; O. Busch; Z. Buthelezi; D. Caffarri; X. Cai; H. Caines; E. Calvo Villar; P. Camerini; V. Canoa Roman; G. Cara Romeo; W. Carena; F. Carena; N. Carlin Filho; F. Carminati; C. A. Carrillo Montoya; A. Casanova Díaz; M. Caselle; J. Castillo Castellanos; J. F. Castillo Hernandez; E. A. R. Casula; V. Catanescu; C. Cavicchioli; J. Cepila; P. Cerello; B. Chang; S. Chapeland; J. L. Charvet; S. Chattopadhyay; S. Chattopadhyay; M. Cherney; C. Cheshkov; B. Cheynis; E. Chiavassa; V. Chibante Barroso; D. D. Chinellato; P. Chochula; M. Chojnacki; P. Christakoglou; C. H. Christensen; P. Christiansen; T. Chujo; S. U. Chung; C. Cicalo; L. Cifarelli; F. Cindolo; J. Cleymans; F. Coccetti; J. -P. Coffin; F. Colamaria; D. Colella; G. Conesa Balbastre; Z. Conesa del Valle; P. Constantin; G. Contin; J. G. Contreras; T. M. Cormier; Y. Corrales Morales; P. Cortese; I. Cortés Maldonado; M. R. Cosentino; F. Costa; M. E. Cotallo; E. Crescio; P. Crochet; E. Cruz Alaniz; E. Cuautle; L. Cunqueiro; A. Dainese; H. H. Dalsgaard; A. Danu; K. Das; D. Das; I. Das; S. Dash; A. Dash; S. De; A. De Azevedo Moregula; G. O. V. de Barros; A. De Caro; G. de Cataldo; J. de Cuveland; A. De Falco; D. De Gruttola; H. Delagrange; E. Del Castillo Sanchez; A. Deloff; V. Demanov; N. De Marco; E. Dénes; S. De Pasquale; A. Deppman; G. D Erasmo; R. de Rooij; D. Di Bari; T. Dietel; C. Di Giglio; S. Di Liberto; A. Di Mauro; P. Di Nezza; R. Divià; Ø. Djuvsland; A. Dobrin; T. Dobrowolski; I. Domínguez; B. Dönigus; O. Dordic; O. Driga; A. K. Dubey; L. Ducroux; P. Dupieux; A. K. Dutta Majumdar; M. R. Dutta Majumdar; D. Elia; D. Emschermann; H. Engel; H. A. Erdal; B. Espagnon; M. Estienne; S. Esumi; D. Evans; G. Eyyubova; D. Fabris; J. Faivre; D. Falchieri; A. Fantoni; M. Fasel; R. Fearick; A. Fedunov; D. Fehlker; L. Feldkamp; D. Felea; G. Feofilov; A. Fernández Téllez; A. Ferretti; R. Ferretti; J. Figiel; M. A. S. Figueredo; S. Filchagin; R. Fini; D. Finogeev; F. M. Fionda; E. M. Fiore; M. Floris; S. Foertsch; P. Foka; S. Fokin; E. Fragiacomo; M. Fragkiadakis; U. Frankenfeld; U. Fuchs; C. Furget; M. Fusco Girard; J. J. Gaardhøje; M. Gagliardi; A. Gago; M. Gallio; D. R. Gangadharan; P. Ganoti; C. Garabatos; E. Garcia-Solis; I. Garishvili; J. Gerhard; M. Germain; C. Geuna; M. Gheata; A. Gheata; B. Ghidini; P. Ghosh; P. Gianotti; M. R. Girard; P. Giubellino; E. Gladysz-Dziadus; P. Glässel; R. Gomez; E. G. Ferreiro; L. H. González-Trueba; P. González-Zamora; S. Gorbunov; A. Goswami; S. Gotovac; V. Grabski; L. K. Graczykowski; R. Grajcarek; A. Grelli; C. Grigoras; A. Grigoras; V. Grigoriev; A. Grigoryan; S. Grigoryan; B. Grinyov; N. Grion; P. Gros; J. F. Grosse-Oetringhaus; J. -Y. Grossiord; R. Grosso; F. Guber; R. Guernane; C. Guerra Gutierrez; B. Guerzoni; M. Guilbaud; K. Gulbrandsen; T. Gunji; A. Gupta; R. Gupta; H. Gutbrod; Ø. Haaland; C. Hadjidakis; M. Haiduc; H. Hamagaki; G. Hamar; B. H. Han; L. D. Hanratty; A. Hansen; Z. Harmanova; J. W. Harris; M. Hartig; D. Hasegan; D. Hatzifotiadou; A. Hayrapetyan; M. Heide; H. Helstrup; A. Herghelegiu; G. Herrera Corral; N. Herrmann; K. F. Hetland; B. Hicks; P. T. Hille; B. Hippolyte; T. Horaguchi; Y. Hori; P. Hristov; I. H?ivná?ová

    2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The ALICE experiment has measured low-mass dimuon production in pp collisions at \\sqrt{s} = 7 TeV in the dimuon rapidity region 2.5mesons. The measured production cross sections for \\omega and \\phi are \\sigma_\\omega (1

  5. Role of Light Scalar Mesons in eta, eta [prime] --> 3 pi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdou Abdel-Rehim; Deirdre M. Black; Amir H. Fariborz; Joseph Schechter

    2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the role of a light scalar nonet in the interesting decay eta --> 3 pi. The framework is a Chiral effective Lagrangian of pseudo-scalars, scalars and vectors. At leading order, the scalars increase the predicted width by about 14%. We note that although individual scalar contributions are not small, there are cancellations among the scalar diagrams. Including higher order symmetry breaking terms reduce the amount of cancellations among the scalar diagrams but the total predicted width remain the same. The vectors contribution is found to be very small. A preliminary discussion of the related decay eta --> 3 pi is given. We found that the leading order results of pseudo-scalars alone are reasonable and close to the experimental data. Including the scalars or the vectors gives a huge enhancement indicating the importance of higher order corrections in this case.

  6. Comparison among Hamiltonian light-front formalisms at q+ = 0 and q+ 0: space-like elastic form factors of pseudoscalar and vector mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silvano Simula

    2002-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The electromagnetic elastic form factors of pseudoscalar and vector mesons are analyzed for space-like momentum transfers in terms of relativistic quark models based on the Hamiltonian light-front formalism elaborated in different reference frames (q+ 0 and q+ 0). As far as the one-body approximation for the electromagnetic current operator is concerned, it is shown that the predictions of the light-front approach at q+=0 should be preferred, particularly in case of light hadrons, because of: i) the relevant role played by the Z-graph at q+ 0, and ii) the appropriate elimination of spurious effects, related to the orientation of the null hyperplane where the light-front wave function is defined.

  7. $B\\to ?$ transition form factors within the QCD light-cone sum rules and the $?$-meson leading-twist distribution amplitude

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hai-Bing Fu; Xing-Gang Wu; Hua-Yong Han; Yang Ma

    2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The QCD light-cone sum rules (LCSR) provides an effective way for dealing with the heavy-to-light transition form factors (TFFs), whose non-perturbative dynamics are parameterized into the light-meson's light-cone distribution amplitudes (LCDAs) with various twist structures. By taking the chiral correlator as the starting point, we calculate the LCSRs for the $B\\to\\rho$ TFFs up to twist-4 accuracy. As for the TFFs at the large recoil region, we observe that the twist-2 transverse DA $\\phi_{2;\\rho}^\\bot$ provides the dominant contribution, while the contributions from the remaining twist-3 and twist-4 terms are $\\delta^2$-suppressed. Thus, our present improved LCSRs provides a good platform for testing the $\\phi_{2;\\rho}^\\bot$ behavior. For the purpose, we suggest a convenient WH-model for the $\\rho$-meson leading-twist wavefunction, in which the parameter $B_{2;\\rho}^\\bot\\sim a^\\bot_2$ dominantly controls its longitudinal distribution. Typically, its DA $\\phi_{2;\\rho}^\\bot$ is CZ-like as $B_{2;\\rho}^\\bot\\simeq-0.20$, which changes to be asymptotic-like as $B_{2;\\rho}^\\bot\\simeq0.00$. By varying $B_{2;\\rho}^\\bot\\in[-0.20,0.20]$, we present a detailed comparison of the LCSR estimation for the $B\\to\\rho$ TFFs with those of pQCD and Lattice QCD predictions. Furthermore, by using the extrapolated TFFs, we estimate the CKM-matrix element $|V_{\\rm ub}|$ with the help of two $B\\to\\rho$ semi-leptonic decays. The predicted value for $|V_{\\rm ub}|$ increases with the increment of $B_{2;\\rho}^\\bot$, i.e. we have $\\Vub=(2.91\\pm0.19)\\times 10^{-3}$ for $B_{2;\\rho}^\\bot=-0.20$ and $\\Vub=(3.11\\pm0.19)\\times 10^{-3}$ for $B_{2;\\rho}^\\bot=0.00$. If using the BABAR prediction as a criteria, we observe that $B^{\\perp}_{2;\\rho}\\in[-0.2,0.10]$, which indicates that the $\\rho$-meson DA $\\phi_{2;\\rho}^\\bot$ prefers a single-peak behavior rather than a double-humped behavior.

  8. $?$ Meson In $J/?$ Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wujun Huo; Xinmin Zhang; Tao Huang

    2002-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently BES at BEPC found evidence for the existence of the $\\sigma$ meson in the process of $J/\\Psi \\to \\sigma\\omega \\to\\pi\\pi\\omega$. In this paper we firstly discuss the relevant coupling $g_{\\sigma\\pi\\pi}$ and show that the linear $\\sigma$ model gives rise to a reasonable description of the $\\sigma$ decay into $\\pi$'s, then we calculate the coupling constant $g^{th}_{J/\\Psi\\sigma\\omega}$ by using the perturbative QCD technique and the light-cone wave functions of the $\\sigma$ and $\\omega$ mesons. The results show that the theoretical value of $g^{th}_{J/\\Psi\\sigma\\omega}$ is within the range of experimental value $g_{J/\\Psi\\sigma\\omega}$.

  9. Photoproduction of mesons off nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2011-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent results for the photoproduction of mesons off nuclei are reviewed. These experiments have been performed for two major lines of research related to the properties of the strong interaction. The investigation of nucleon resonances requires light nuclei as targets for the extraction of the isospin composition of the electromagnetic excitations. This is done with quasi-free meson photoproduction off the bound neutron and supplemented with the measurement of coherent photoproduction reactions, serving as spin and/or isospin filters. Furthermore, photoproduction from light and heavy nuclei is a very efficient tool for the study of the interactions of mesons with nuclear matter and the in-medium properties of hadrons. Experiments are currently rapidly developing due to the combination of high quality tagged (and polarized) photon beams with state-of-the-art 4pi detectors and polarized targets.

  10. B-meson distribution amplitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. G. Grozin

    2005-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    B-meson light-cone distribution amplitudes are discussed in these lectures in the framework of HQET. The evolution equation for the leading-twist distribution amplitude is derived in one-loop approximation. QCD sum rules for distribution amplitudes are discussed.

  11. GlueX: Meson Spectroscopy in Photoproduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salgado, Carlos [Norfolk State University, JLAB; Smith, Elton S. [JLAB

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the GlueX experiment \\cite{gluex} is to provide crucial data to help understand the soft gluonic fields responsible for binding quarks in hadrons. Hybrid mesons, and in particular exotic hybrid mesons, provide the ideal laboratory for testing QCD in the confinement regime since these mesons explicitly manifest the gluonic degrees of freedom. Photoproduction is expected to be effective in producing exotic hybrids but there is little data on the photoproduction of light mesons. GlueX will use the new 12-GeV electron beam at Jefferson Lab to produce a 9-GeV beam of linearly polarized photons using the technique of coherent bremsstrahlung. A solenoid-based hermetic detector is under construction, which will be used to collect data on meson production and decays. These data will also be used to study the spectrum of conventional mesons, including the poorly understood excited vector mesons. This talk will give an update on the experiment as well as describe theoretical developments \\cite{Dudek:2011bn} to help understand how these data can provide insights into the fundamental theory of strong interactions.

  12. Meson Photoproduction Experiments with CLAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eugene Pasyuk

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A large part of the experimental program in Hall B of the Jefferson Lab is dedicated to light baryon spectroscopy. Meson photoprodcution experiments are essential part of this program. CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) and availability of circularly and linearly polarized tagged photon beams and frozen spin polarized targets provide unique conditions for this type of experiments. This combination of experimental tools gives a remarkable opportunity to measure double polarization observables for different pseudo-scalar meson photoproduction processes. For the first time, a complete or nearly complete measurement became possible and will facilitate model independent extraction of the reaction amplitude. An overview of the experimental program and its current status together with recent results on double polarization measurements in ?{sup +} photoproduction are presented.

  13. Distinguishing two kinds of scalar mesons from heavy meson decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Wei [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Bari, Bari 70126 (Italy); Lue, Cai-Dian [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the SU(3) symmetry limit, semileptonic D{sup +}{yields}Sl{sup +}{nu} and B{sup -}{yields}Sl{sup -}{nu} decays, with S=a{sub 0}(980), f{sub 0}(980), and f{sub 0}(600), are found to obey different sum rules in the qq and the tetraquark descriptions for scalar mesons. Thus these sum rules can distinguish the two scenarios for light scalar mesons model independently. This method also applies to the B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}({eta}{sub c})S decays. Two kinds of SU(3) symmetry breaking effects are found to be under control, which will not spoil our method. The branching fractions of the D{sup +}{yields}Sl{sup +}{nu}, B{sup -}{yields}Sl{sup -}{nu}, and B{sup 0}{yields}J/{psi}({eta}{sub c})S decays roughly have the order 10{sup -4}, 10{sup -5}, and 10{sup -6}, respectively. The ongoing BEPC II and the forthcoming Super B experiments are able to measure these channels and, accordingly, to provide detailed information of the scalar meson inner structure.

  14. Phenomenological implications of the nucleon's meson cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. J. Hobbs

    2015-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The long-distance structure of the interacting nucleon receives important contributions from its couplings to light hadronic degrees of freedom -- a light meson cloud -- while an analogous nonperturbative mechanism is expected to generate an intrinsic charm (IC) component to the proton wavefunction. We investigate both possibilities, keeping for the former a special eye to improving the theoretical understanding of the pion-nucleon vertex in light of proposed measurements. Regarding the latter possibility of IC, we highlight recent results obtained by a global QCD analysis of the light-front model proposed in Hobbs et al. (Phys Rev D 89:074008, 2014).

  15. Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5Let us countLighting Sign In About | Careers |

  16. Toward the excited isoscalar meson spectrum from lattice QCD

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Edwards, Robert G.; Dudek, Jozef J.; Thomas, Christopher Edward; Guo, Peng

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the extraction of an excited spectrum of isoscalar mesons using lattice QCD. Calculations on several lattice volumes are performed with a range of light quark masses corresponding to pion masses down to about ~400 MeV. The distillation method enables us to evaluate the required disconnected contributions with high statistical precision for a large number of meson interpolating fields. We find relatively little mixing between light and strange in most JPC channels; one notable exception is the pseudoscalar sector where the approximate SU(3)F octet, singlet structure of the ?, ?' is reproduced. We extract exotic JPC states, identifiedmore »as hybrid mesons in which an excited gluonic field is coupled to a color-octet qqbar pair, along with non-exotic hybrid mesons embedded in a qqbar-like spectrum.« less

  17. Toward the excited isoscalar meson spectrum from lattice QCD

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Edwards, Robert G. [JLAB; Dudek, Jozef J. [JLAB, Old Dominion U.; Thomas, Christopher Edward [Trinity College, Dublin; Guo, Peng [Indiana U.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the extraction of an excited spectrum of isoscalar mesons using lattice QCD. Calculations on several lattice volumes are performed with a range of light quark masses corresponding to pion masses down to about ~400 MeV. The distillation method enables us to evaluate the required disconnected contributions with high statistical precision for a large number of meson interpolating fields. We find relatively little mixing between light and strange in most JPC channels; one notable exception is the pseudoscalar sector where the approximate SU(3)F octet, singlet structure of the ?, ?' is reproduced. We extract exotic JPC states, identified as hybrid mesons in which an excited gluonic field is coupled to a color-octet qqbar pair, along with non-exotic hybrid mesons embedded in a qqbar-like spectrum.

  18. Toward the excited isoscalar meson spectrum from lattice QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Robert G. [JLAB; Dudek, Jozef J. [JLAB, Old Dominion U.; Thomas, Christopher Edward [Trinity College, Dublin; Guo, Peng [Indiana U.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the extraction of an excited spectrum of isoscalar mesons using lattice QCD. Calculations on several lattice volumes are performed with a range of light quark masses corresponding to pion masses down to about ~400 MeV. The distillation method enables us to evaluate the required disconnected contributions with high statistical precision for a large number of meson interpolating fields. We find relatively little mixing between light and strange in most JPC channels; one notable exception is the pseudoscalar sector where the approximate SU(3)F octet, singlet structure of the ?, ?' is reproduced. We extract exotic JPC states, identified as hybrid mesons in which an excited gluonic field is coupled to a color-octet qqbar pair, along with non-exotic hybrid mesons embedded in a qqbar-like spectrum.

  19. Excited States in Staggered Meson Propagators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MILC Collaboration; C. Bernard; T. Burch; C. DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; E. B. Gregory; U. M. Heller; J. Osborn; R. Sugar; D. Toussaint

    2003-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on preliminary results from multi-particle fits to meson propagators with three flavors of light dynamical quarks. We are able to measure excited states in propagators with pion quantum numbers, which we interpret as the pion 2S state, and is evidence of locality of the action. In the a_0 (0^{++}) propagators we find evidence for excited states which are probably the expected decay channels, pi+eta and K+Kbar.

  20. Chiral Lagrangian Parameters for Scalar and Pseudoscalar Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bardeen, W; Thacker, H

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of a high-statistics study of scalar and pseudoscalar meson propagators in quenched lattice QCD are presented. For two values of lattice spacing, $\\beta=5.7$ ($a \\approx .18$ fm) and 5.9 ($a \\approx .12$ fm), we probe the light quark mass region using clover improved Wilson fermions with the MQA pole-shifting ansatz to treat the exceptional configuration problem. The quenched chiral loop parameters $m_0$ and $\\alpha_{\\Phi}$ are determined from a study of the pseudoscalar hairpin correlator. From a global fit to the meson correlators, estimates are obtained for the relevant chiral Lagrangian parameters, including the Leutwyler parameters $L_5$ and $L_8$. Using the parameters obtained from the singlet and nonsinglet pseudoscalar correlators, the quenched chiral loop effect in the nonsinglet scalar meson correlator is studied. By removing this QCL effect from the lattice correlator, we obtain the mass and decay constant of the ground state scalar, isovector meson $a_0$.

  1. Decays of Charmed Mesons to PV Final States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhubanjyoti Bhattacharya; Jonathan L. Rosner

    2008-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    New data on the decays of the charmed particles $D^0$, $D^+$, and $D_s$ to $PV$ final states consisting of a light pseudoscalar meson $P$ and a light vector meson $V$ are analyzed. Following the same methods as in a previous analysis of $D \\to PP$ decays, one can test flavor symmetry, extract key key amplitudes, and obtain information on relative strong phases. Analyses are performed for Cabibbo-favored decays and then extended to predict properties of singly- and doubly-Cabibbo-suppressed processes.

  2. Rapidity resummation for $B$-meson wave functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue-Long Shen; Yu-Ming Wang

    2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Transverse-momentum dependent (TMD) hadronic wave functions develop light-cone divergences under QCD corrections, which are commonly regularized by the rapidity $\\zeta$ of gauge vector defining the non-light-like Wilson lines. The yielding rapidity logarithms from infrared enhancement need to be resummed for both hadronic wave functions and short-distance functions, to achieve scheme-independent calculations of physical quantities. We briefly review the recent progress on the rapidity resummation for $B$-meson wave functions which are the key ingredients of TMD factorization formulae for radiative-leptonic, semi-leptonic and non-leptonic $B$-meson decays. The crucial observation is that rapidity resummation induces a strong suppression of $B$-meson wave functions at small light-quark momentum, strengthening the applicability of TMD factorization in exclusive $B$-meson decays. The phenomenological consequence of rapidity-resummation improved $B$-meson wave functions is further discussed in the context of $B \\to \\pi$ transition form factors at large hadronic recoil.

  3. Open bottom mesons in hot asymmetric hadronic medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Divakar Pathak; Amruta Mishra

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The in-medium masses and optical potentials of $B$ and ${\\bar B}$ mesons are studied in an isospin asymmetric, strange, hot and dense hadronic environment using a chiral effective model. The chiral $SU(3)$ model originally designed for the light quark sector, is generalized to include the heavy quark sector ($c$ and $b$) to derive the interactions of the $B$ and $\\bar B$ mesons with the light hadrons. Due to large mass of bottom quark, we use only the empirical form of these interactions for the desired purpose, while treating the bottom degrees of freedom to be frozen in the medium. Hence, all medium effects are due to the in-medium interaction of the light quark content of these open-bottom mesons. Both $B$ and $\\bar B$ mesons are found to experience net attractive interactions in the medium, leading to lowering of their masses in the medium. The mass degeneracy of particles and antiparticles, ($B^+$, $B^-$) as well as ($B^0$, ${\\bar B}^0$), is observed to be broken in the medium, due to equal and opposite contributions from a vectorial Weinberg-Tomozawa interaction term. Addition of hyperons to the medium lowers further the in-medium mass for each of these four mesons, while a non-zero isospin asymmetry is observed to break the approximate mass degeneracy of each pair of isospin doublets. These medium effects are found to be strongly density dependent, and bear a considerably weaker temperature dependence. The results obtained in the present investigation are compared to predictions from the quark-meson coupling model, heavy meson effective theory, and the QCD Sum Rule approach.

  4. B meson decays into charmless pseudoscalar scalar mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delepine, D.; Lucio M, J. L. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad de Guanajuato, Loma del Bosque 103, Lomas del Campestre, 37150 Leon, Guanajuato (Mexico) and Depto. de Fsica-matematicas, Universidad de Pamplona, Pamplona, Norte de Santander (Colombia); Ramirez, Carlos A.; Mendoza S, J. A. [Depto. de Fisica, Universidad Industrial de Santander, A. A. 678, Bucaramanga (Colombia); Depto. de Fsica-matematicas, Universidad de Pamplona, Pamplona, Norte de Santander (Colombia)

    2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The nonleptonic weak decays of meson B into a scalar and pseudoscalar meson are studied. The scalar mesons under consideration are {sigma} (or f0(600)), f0(980), a0(980) and K{sub 0}{sup *}(1430). We calculate the Branching ratios in the Naive Factorization approximation. Scalars are assumed to be qq-bar bounded sates, but an estimation can be obtained in the case they are four bounded states.

  5. Physics Opportunities with Meson Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briscoe, William J; Haberzettl, Helmut; Manley, D Mark; Naruki, Megumi; Strakovsky, Igor I; Swanson, Eric S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past two decades, meson photo- and electro-production data of unprecedented quality and quantity have been measured at electromagnetic facilities worldwide. By contrast, the meson-beam data for the same hadronic final states are mostly outdated and largely of poor quality, or even nonexistent, and thus provide inadequate input to help interpret, analyze, and exploit the full potential of the new electromagnetic data. To reap the full benefit of the high-precision electromagnetic data, new high-statistics data from measurements with meson beams, with good angle and energy coverage for a wide range of reactions, are critically needed to advance our knowledge in baryon and meson spectroscopy and other related areas of hadron physics. To address this situation, a state of-the-art meson-beam facility needs to be constructed. The present paper summarizes unresolved issues in hadron physics and outlines the vast opportunities and advances that only become possible with such a facility.

  6. [Medium energy meson research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crowe, K.M.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The activities of this group are primarily concerned with experiments using the Crystal Barrel Detector. This detector is installed and operating at the Low Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) at CERN. QCD, the modem theory of the strong interaction, is reasonably well understood at high energies, but unfortunately, low-energy QCD is still not well understood, and is far from being adequately tested. The Crystal Barrel experiments are designed to provide some of the tests. The basic line of research involves meson spectroscopy, analyses bearing on the quark and/or gluon content of nuclear states, and the exploration of mechanisms and rules which govern p[bar p] annihilation dynamics. The Crystal Barrel Detector detects and identifies charged and neutral particles with a geometric acceptance close to 100%. The principal component of the detector is an array of 1,380 CsI(TI) crystals. These crystals surround a Jet Drift Chamber (JDC), located in a 1.5 Tesla magnetic field, which measures the momentum and dE/dx of charged particles. One of the very interesting physics goals of the detector is a search for exotic mesonic states -- glueballs and hybrids. Annihilation at rest will be studied with both liquid and gaseous hydrogen targets. The gaseous target offers the possibility of triggering on atomic L-shell X rays so that specific initial angular momentum states can be studied.These topics as well as other related topics are discussed in this report.

  7. [Medium energy meson research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crowe, K.M.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The activities of this group are primarily concerned with experiments using the Crystal Barrel Detector. This detector is installed and operating at the Low Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) at CERN. QCD, the modem theory of the strong interaction, is reasonably well understood at high energies, but unfortunately, low-energy QCD is still not well understood, and is far from being adequately tested. The Crystal Barrel experiments are designed to provide some of the tests. The basic line of research involves meson spectroscopy, analyses bearing on the quark and/or gluon content of nuclear states, and the exploration of mechanisms and rules which govern p{bar p} annihilation dynamics. The Crystal Barrel Detector detects and identifies charged and neutral particles with a geometric acceptance close to 100%. The principal component of the detector is an array of 1,380 CsI(TI) crystals. These crystals surround a Jet Drift Chamber (JDC), located in a 1.5 Tesla magnetic field, which measures the momentum and dE/dx of charged particles. One of the very interesting physics goals of the detector is a search for exotic mesonic states -- glueballs and hybrids. Annihilation at rest will be studied with both liquid and gaseous hydrogen targets. The gaseous target offers the possibility of triggering on atomic L-shell X rays so that specific initial angular momentum states can be studied.These topics as well as other related topics are discussed in this report.

  8. Eta absorption by mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Liu; C. M. Ko; L. W. Chen

    2005-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the $[SU(3)_{\\mathrm{L}} \\times SU(3)_{\\mathrm{R}}]_{\\mathrm{global}% }\\times [SU(3)_V]_{\\mathrm{local}}$ chiral Lagrangian with hidden local symmetry, we evaluate the cross sections for the absorption of eta meson ($% \\eta$) by pion ($\\pi$), rho ($\\rho$), omega ($\\omega$), kaon ($K$), and kaon star ($K^*$) in the tree-level approximation. With empirical masses and coupling constants as well as reasonable values for the cutoff parameter in the form factors at interaction vertices, we find that most cross sections are less than 1 mb, except the reactions $\\rho\\eta\\to K\\bar K^*(\\bar KK^*)$, $\\omega\\eta\\to K\\bar K^*(\\bar KK^*)$, $K^*\\eta\\to\\rho K$, and $K^*\\eta\\to\\omega K$, which are a few mb, and the reactions $\\pi\\eta\\to K\\bar K$ and $K\\eta\\to\\pi K$, which are more than 10 mb. Including these reactions in a kinetic model based on a schematic hydrodynamic description of relativistic heavy ion collisions, we find that the abundance of eta mesons likely reaches chemical equilibrium with other hadrons in nuclear collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider.

  9. Production of Pseudoscalar Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. J. Briscoe; R. A. Arndt; I. I. Strakovsky; R. L. Workman

    2003-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments that study the hadronic and electromagnetic production of the pseudoscalar mesons -- pions, etas and kaons, contribute to our knowledge of the properties of baryon and hyperon resonances. Fixed-target programs at hadronic facilities such as BNL-AGS have been phased out. However, the availability of modern experimental facilities with pseudo-monochromatic or tagged medium-energy photon beams at GRAAL, SPring-8, Bonn, Mainz, and Jefferson Lab, together with LEGS, Max-Lab, and HIGS at lower energies, are beginning to produce high-quality results. These new data have smaller statistical uncertainties and better understood systematic uncertainties, than those obtained at the older bremsstrahlung facilities, for measurements of differential and integrated cross sections, as well as polarization and asymmetry. Experimental results are compared with the predictions of QCD-based approaches, such as the lattice-gauge calculations of baryon properties, and Chiral Perturbation Theory applied to threshold photoproduction, and are essential to the performance of Partial-Wave Analyses (PWA). These PWA studies are less model dependent than in the past, and are used in coupled-channels calculations that incorporate unitarity dynamically, and combine results from hadronic reaction channels with electromagnetic processes. This approach is necessary to extract resonance properties and may lead to the discovery of the "missing resonances" predicted by a number of different QCD-inspired calculations. We discuss recent experimental and phenomenological results for single and double pseudoscalar meson hadronic and photoproduction channels with emphasis on the JLab Hall B and the BNL/AGS Crystal Ball programs.

  10. Hadronic scattering of charmed mesons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, ZW; Ko, Che Ming; Zhang, B.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of both charm meson pairs and dileptons resulting from their decays. These effects are estimated for heavy ion collisions at Super Proton Synchrotron energies and are found to be significant....

  11. Chiral Extrapolation of Lattice Data for Heavy Meson Hyperfine Splittings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    X.-H. Guo; P.C. Tandy; A.W. Thomas

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the chiral extrapolation of the lattice data for the light-heavy meson hyperfine splittings D*-D and B*-B to the physical region for the light quark mass. The chiral loop corrections providing non-analytic behavior in m{sub {pi}} are consistent with chiral perturbation theory for heavy mesons. Since chiral loop corrections tend to decrease the already too low splittings obtained from linear extrapolation, we investigate two models to guide the form of the analytic background behavior: the constituent quark potential model, and the covariant model of QCD based on the ladder-rainbow truncation of the Dyson-Schwinger equations. The extrapolated hyperfine splittings remain clearly below the experimental values even allowing for the model dependence in the description of the analytic background.

  12. Meson spectroscopy with unitary coupled-channels model for heavy-meson decay into three mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Satoshi Nakamura

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a model for describing excited mesons decay into three mesons. The properties of the excited mesons can be extracted with this model. The model maintains the three-body unitarity that has been missed in previous data analyses based on the conventional isobar models. We study an importance of the three-body unitarity in extracting hadron properties from data. For this purpose, we use the unitary and isobar models to analyze the same pseudo data of {gamma}p {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}n, and extract the properties of excited mesons. We find a significant difference between the unitary and isobar models in the extracted properties of excited mesons, such as the mass, width and coupling strength to decay channels. Hadron properties such as quantum numbers (spin, parity, etc.), mass and (partial) width have been long studied as a subject called hadron spectroscopy. The hadron properties provide important information for understanding internal structure of the hadron and dynamics which governs it. The dynamics here is of course QCD in its nonperturbative regime. The hadron properties can be extracted from data through a careful analysis, in many cases, partial wave analysis (PWA). Thus it is essential for hadron spectroscopy to have a reliable theoretical analysis tool.

  13. Parametrization of light clusters within relativistic mean field models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira, Marcio; Providencia, Constanca [Centro de Fisica Computacional, Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, P-3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal)

    2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Light clusters are included in the equation of state of nuclearmatter within the relativistic mean field theory. The effect of the cluster-meson coupling constants on the dissolution density is discussed. Theoretical and experimental constraints are used to fix the cluster-meson couplings at T Almost-Equal-To 5 MeV.

  14. Phi Meson in Dense Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ko, Che Ming; Levai, P.; Qiu, X. J.; Li, C. T.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 45, NUMBER 3 MARCH 1992 Phi meson in dense matter C. M. Ko, P. Levai, * and X. J. Qiu Cyclotron Institute and Physics Department, Texas A &M University, College Station, Texas 77843 C. T. Li Physics Department, National... Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10764, China {Received 3 September 1991) The effect of the kaon loop correction to the property of a phi meson in dense matter is studied in the vector dominance model. Using the density-dependent kaon effective mass...

  15. Exotic Hybrid Meson Spectroscopy with the GlueX detector at Jlab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence, David W. [JLAB

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The GlueX experiment is scheduled to begin taking data in 2015. The goal is to discover evidence for the existence of exotic hybrid mesons and to map out their spectrum in the light quark sector. Recent theoretical developments using Lattice QCD predict exotic hybrid states in a mass range accessible using the newly upgraded 12GeV electron accelerator at Jefferson Lab. Hybrid mesons, and in particular exotic hybrid mesons, provide the ideal laboratory for testing QCD in the confinement regime since these mesons explicitly manifest the gluonic degrees of freedom. The experiment will use 9 GeV linearly polarized photons produced via coherent bremsstrahlung to produce the exotic hybrids. The decay products will be detected in the solenoid-based GlueX detector currently under construction at Jefferson Lab. The status of the GlueX experiment including detector parameters will be presented along with theoretical motivation for the experiment.

  16. Distribution Amplitudes of Pseudoscalar Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. Braun; M. Gockeler; R. Horsley; H. Perlt; D. Pleiter; P. E. L. Rakow; G. Schierholz; A. Schiller; W. Schroers; H. Stueben; J. M. Zanotti

    2006-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results for the first two moments of the distribution amplitudes of pseudoscalar mesons. Using two flavors of non-perturbatively improved clover fermions and non-perturbative renormalization of the matrix elements we perform both chiral and continuum extrapolations and compare with recent results from models and experiments.

  17. Distribution Amplitudes of Vector Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. Braun; D. Brömmel; M. Göckeler; R. Horsley; Y. Nakamura; H. Perlt; D. Pleiter; P. E. L. Rakow; A. Schäfer; G. Schierholz; A. Schiller; W. Schroers; T. Streuer; H. Stüben; J. M. Zanotti

    2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Results are presented for the lowest moment of the distribution amplitude for the K-star vector meson. Both longitudinal and transverse moments are investigated. We use two flavours of O(a) improved Wilson fermions, together with a non-perturbative renormalisation of the matrix element.

  18. Heavy hybrid mesons in the QCD sum rule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng-Zhi Huang; Shi-Lin Zhu

    2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the spectra of the hybrid mesons containing one heavy quark ($q\\bar{Q}g$) within the framework of QCD sum rules in the heavy quark limit. The derived sum rules are stable with the variation of the Borel parameter within their corresponding working ranges. The extracted binding energy for the heavy hybrid doublets $H^h(S^h)$ and $M^h(T^h)$ is almost degenerate. We also calculate the pionic couplings between these heavy hybrid and the conventional heavy meson doublets using the light-cone QCD sum rule method. The extracted coupling constants are rather small as a whole. With these couplings we make a rough estimate of the partial widths of these pionic decay channels.

  19. Study of Light Scalars, the learned Lessons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. N. Achasov

    2011-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Attention is paid to the production mechanisms of the light scalars that reveal their nature. In the linear sigma model it is revealed the chiral shielding of the \\sigma(600) meson and shown that the \\sigma field is described by its four-quark component. The \\pi\\pi scattering amplitude is constructed taking into account the \\sigma(600) and f_0(980) mesons, the chiral shielding of \\sigma (600), the \\sigma(600)-f_0(980) mixing, and results, obtained on the base of the chiral expansion and the Roy equations. The data agree with the four-quark nature of \\sigma (600) and f_0(980). It is shown, that the kaon loop mechanism of the $\\phi$ radiative decays into the light scalar mesons, which is ratified by experiment, is the four-quark transition and points to the four-quark nature of the light scalars. It is shown also, that the light scalars are produced in the two photon collisions via four-quark transitions in contrast to the classic P wave tensor q\\bar q mesons, which are produced via two-quark transitions \\gamma\\gamma\\to q\\bar q, that points to the four-quark nature of the light scalar mesons, too. A programme of further investigations is laid down.

  20. Confirmation of sigma(450--600)-Meson in Upsilon' to Upsilon pipi and Other pipi-Production Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muneyuki Ishida; Shin Ishida; Toshihiko Komada; Shin-Ichirou Matsumoto

    2001-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Applying the effective amplitude, which is evidently consistent with general constraints from chiral symmetry, the pipi spectra in the relevant processes are analyzed, leading to a strong evidence for existence of the light sigma meson. It is also pointed out that the pipi scattering process, which had been one of the main sources for PDG table for these many years, is, in principle, exceptionally difficult to investigate the property of sigma-meson.

  1. Cascade photo production at CLAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goetz, John [Ohio University, JLAB; Hicks, Kenneth H. [Ohio University, JLAB

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The famous discovery of the Omega ? in 1964 put the quark model on firm ground and since then a lot of effort has been spent on mapping out the baryonic and mesonic states. Over the following decades, many excited baryons with light quarks (up, down and strange) have been measured, but by most predictions, only a small percentage of those expected have been found. In this talk, I will discuss a newly developing technique using an (unflavored) photon beam to excite protons to doubly-strange "Cascade" (Xi) states. Advantages of such an experiment and associated difficulties will be presented, along with recent results from the CLAS detector at Jefferson Lab in Virginia.

  2. Exclusive Vector Meson Production and Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessia Bruni; Xavier Janssen; Pierre Marage

    2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Exclusive vector meson production and deeply virtual Compton scattering are ideally suited reactions for studying the structure of the proton and the transition from soft to hard processes. The main experimental data obtained at HERA are summarised and presented in the light of QCD approaches.

  3. Elastic meson production and Compton scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Diehl

    2001-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss recent progress in the theory of exclusive meson production and Compton scattering, focusing on hard-scattering factorization and on the dipole formalism.

  4. anderson meson physics: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: The Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility...

  5. Infrared and Ultraviolet QCD dynamics with quark mass for J=0,1 mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas Souchlas

    2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    By using a previously developed phenomenological kernel for the study of the light quark QCD sector and dynamical chiral symmetry breaking effects we will examine the relative infrared and ultraviolet QCD dynamics for J=0,1 meson properties. For the same reasons we extend and explore a quark mass depended generalization of the kernel in the heavy quark region and we also compare with the original model. The relation between the dynamics of the quark propagator and the effective kernel with the J=0,1 QQ and qQ mesons and quarks Compton size is also discussed.

  6. New developments in multi-meson systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William Detmold; Brian Smigielski

    2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    New developments in the study of multi-meson systems are reviewed. We highlight a new recursive algorithm for generating the requisite contractions needed for studying complex systems of mesons involving large numbers of particles or multiple species of particles. First results on mixed species systems involving pions and kaons are also presented.

  7. Lattice calculation of $1^{-+}$ hybrid mesons with improved Kogut-Susskind fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Bernard; T. Burch; C. DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; E. B. Gregory; U. M. Heller; J. Osborn; R. Sugar; D. Toussaint

    2003-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a lattice determination of the mass of the exotic $1^{-+}$ hybrid meson using an improved Kogut-Susskind action. Results from both quenched and dynamical quark simulations are presented. We also compare with earlier results using Wilson quarks at heavier quark masses. The results on lattices with three flavors of dynamical quarks show effects of sea quarks on the hybrid propagators which probably result from coupling to two meson states. We extrapolate the quenched results to the physical light quark mass to allow comparison with experimental candidates for the $1^{-+}$ hybrid meson. The lattice result remains somewhat heavier than the experimental result, although it may be consistent with the $\\pi_1(1600)$.

  8. Bottom-strange mesons in hyperonic matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Divakar Pathak; Amruta Mishra

    2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The in-medium behavior of bottom-strange pseudoscalar mesons in hot, isospin asymmetric and dense hadronic environment is studied using a chiral effective model. The same was recently generalized to the heavy quark sector and employed to study the behavior of open-charm and open-bottom mesons. The heavy quark (anti-quark) is treated as frozen and all medium modifications of these bottom-strange mesons are due to their strange anti-quark (quark) content. We observe a pronounced dependence of their medium mass on baryonic density and strangeness content of the medium. Certain aspects of these in-medium interactions are similar to those observed for the strange-charmed mesons in a preceding investigation, such as the lifting of mass-degeneracy of $B_S^0$ and ${\\bar B}_S^0$ mesons in hyperonic matter, while the same is respected in vacuum as well as in nuclear matter. In general, however, there is a remarkable distinction between the two species, even though the formalism predicts a completely analogous in-medium interaction Lagrangian density. We discuss in detail the reason for different in-medium behavior of these bottom-strange mesons as compared to charmed-strange mesons, despite the dynamics of the heavy quark being treated as frozen in both cases.

  9. Absorption of the $?$ and $?$ Mesons in Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. H. Wood; R. Nasseripour; M. Paolone; C. Djalali; D. P. Weygand; the CLAS Collaboration

    2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to their long lifetimes, the $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ mesons are the ideal candidates for the study of possible modifications of the in-medium meson-nucleon interaction through their absorption inside the nucleus. During the E01-112 experiment at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, the mesons were photoproduced from $^{2}$H, C, Ti, Fe, and Pb targets. This paper reports the first measurement of the ratio of nuclear transparencies for the $e^{+}e^{-}$ channel. The ratios indicate larger in-medium widths compared with what have been reported in other reaction channels.

  10. New Physics Effects From B Meson Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anirban Kundu

    2000-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    In this talk, we point out some of the present and future possible signatures of physics beyond the Standard Model from B-meson decays, taking R-parity conserving and violating supersymmetry as illustrative examples.

  11. Two-photon decay of light scalars: a comparison of tetraquark and quarkonium assignments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco Giacosa

    2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-photon decays of light scalar mesons are discussed within the quarkonium and tetraquark asignements: in both cases the decay rate of the sigma resonances turns out to be smaller than 1 keV.

  12. Low-Energy Thermal Photons from Meson-Meson Bremsstrahlung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Liu; R. Rapp

    2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Within an effective hadronic model including electromagnetic interactions via a U$_{\\rm em}$(1) gauge, we reinvestigate photon Bremsstrahlung from a hot hadronic gas as expected to be formed in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at SPS energies. We calculate photon emission from the reactions $\\pi\\pi\\to\\pi\\pi\\gamma$ and $\\pi K \\to\\pi K\\gamma$ by an explicit (numerical) evaluation of the multi-dimensional phase space integral. This, in particular, allows to avoid the commonly employed soft photon approximation (SPA), as well as to incorporate final-state thermal enhancement factors. % during the hadronic stage of the fireball. Both improvements are shown to result in an appreciable increase of the photon production rate over previous hadronic calculations. Upon convolution over a thermal fireball we find an improvement in the description of recent low transverse-momentum WA98 data at SPS. The influence of both Landau-Pomeranchuk-Migdal and in-medium effects on "$\\sigma$" and $\\rho$-meson exchanges are briefly discussed.

  13. Modeling exclusive meson pair production at hadron colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. A. Harland-Lang; V. A. Khoze; M. G. Ryskin

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study of the central exclusive production of light meson pairs, concentrating on the region of lower invariant masses of the central system and/or meson transverse momentum, where perturbative QCD cannot be reliably applied. We describe in detail a phenomenological model, using the tools of Regge theory, that may be applied with some success in this regime, and we present the new, publicly available, Dime Monte Carlo (MC) implementation of this for $\\pi\\pi$, $KK$ and $\\rho\\rho$ production. The MC includes a fully differential treatment of the survival factor, which in general depends on all kinematic variables, as well as allowing for the so far reasonably unconstrained model parameters to be set by the user. We present predictions for the Tevatron and LHC and show how future measurements may further test this Regge--based approach, as well as the soft hadronic model required to calculate the survival factor, in particular in the presence of tagged protons.

  14. Search for Quasi Bound $?$ Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Machner

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The search for a quasi bound $\\eta$ meson in atomic nuclei is reviewed. This tentative state is studied theoretically as well as experimentally. The theory starts from elastic $\\eta$ nucleon scattering which is derived from production data within some models. From this interaction the $\\eta$ nucleus interaction is derived. Model calculations predict binding energies and widths of the quasi bound state. Another method is to derive the $\\eta$ nucleus interaction from excitation functions of $\\eta$ production experiments. The $s$ wave interaction is extracted from such data via final state interaction theorem. We give the derivation of $s$ wave amplitudes in partial wave expansion and in helicity amplitudes and their relation to observables. Different experiments extracting the final state interaction are discussed as are production experiments. So far only three experiments give evidence for the existence of the quasi bound state: a pion double charge exchange experiment, an effective mass measurement, and a transfer reaction at recoil free kinematics with observation of the decay of the state.

  15. Wilson coefficients and four-quark condensates in QCD sum rules for medium modifications of $D$ mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Buchheim; Thomas Hilger; Burkhard Kampfer

    2014-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Wilson coefficients of light four-quark condensates in QCD sum rules are evaluated for pseudo-scalar $D$ mesons, thus, pushing the sum rules toward mass dimension six. Contrary to the situation for $\\bar{q}q$ mesons the impact of the four-quark condensates for vacuum as well as in-medium situations is found to be rather small within the Borel window used in previous analyses. The complete four-quark condensate contributions enable to identify candidates for an order parameter of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking/restoration as well as to evaluate stability criteria of operator product expansions.

  16. Temperature-dependent cross sections for meson-meson nonresonant reactions in hadronic matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-Ping Zhang; Xiao-Ming Xu; Hui-Jun Ge

    2009-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a potential of which the short-distance part is given by one gluon exchange plus perturbative one- and two-loop corrections and of which the large-distance part exhibits a temperature-dependent constant value. The Schrodinger equation with this temperature-dependent potential yields a temperature dependence of the mesonic quark-antiquark relative-motion wave function and of meson masses. The temperature dependence of the potential, the wave function and the meson masses brings about temperature dependence of cross sections for the nonresonant reactions pi pi -> rho rho for I=2, KK -> K* K* for I=1, KK* -> K* K* for I=1, pi K -> rho K* for I=3/2, pi K* -> rho K* for I=3/2, rho K -> rho K* for I=3/2 and pi K* -> rho K for I=3/2. As the temperature increases, the rise or fall of peak cross sections is determined by the increased radii of initial mesons, the loosened bound states of final mesons, and the total-mass difference of the initial and final mesons. The temperature-dependent cross sections and meson masses are parametrized.

  17. Dynamical model for longitudinal wave functions in light-front holographic QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chabysheva, Sophia S.; Hiller, John R., E-mail: jhiller@d.umn.edu

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a Schrödinger-like equation for the longitudinal wave function of a meson in the valence qq{sup -bar} sector, based on the ’t Hooft model for large-N two-dimensional QCD, and combine this with the usual transverse equation from light-front holographic QCD, to obtain a model for mesons with massive quarks. The computed wave functions are compared with the wave function ansatz of Brodsky and de Téramond and used to compute decay constants and parton distribution functions. The basis functions used to solve the longitudinal equation may be useful for more general calculations of meson states in QCD. -- Highlights: •Provide relativistic quark model based on light-front holographic QCD. •Incorporate dependence on quark mass. •Consistent with the Brodsky–de Téramond quark-wave-function ansatz. •Compute meson decay constants and parton distribution functions. •Illustrate use of basis functions that could be convenient for more general numerical calculations in light-front QCD.

  18. Thermal Radiation from Nucleons and Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan-e Alam; Pradip Roy; Sourav Sarkar

    2003-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal photon emission rates due to meson-nucleon interactions have been evaluated. An exhaustive set of reactions involving p(\\bar p), n(\\bar n), rho, omega, a_1, pi and eta is seen to provide a sizeable contribution to the emission rate from hot hadronic matter. Contributions from baryonic resonances are found to be negligibly small.

  19. Rho Meson in Dense Hadronic Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asakawa, M.; Ko, Che Ming; Levai, P.; Qiu, X. J.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Lagrangian, we find that both the rho-meson peak and width increase with increasing nuclear density, and that a low-mass peak appears at invariant mass around three times the pion mass. Including the decreasing density-dependent hadron masses...

  20. Medium Effects on the Rho-Meson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asakawa, M.; Ko, Che Ming.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The property of a rho meson in dense nuclear matter is studied using the QCD sum rule. The spectral function appearing on the hadronic side of the sum rule is evaluated in the vector dominance model that takes into account the interaction between...

  1. Charmonium meson and hybrid radiative transitions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, Peng [Indiana U., JLAB; Yépez-Martínez, Tochtli [Indiana U.; Szczepaniak, Adam P. [Indiana U., JLAB

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the non-relativistic limit of the QCD Hamiltonian in the Coulomb gauge, to describe radiative transitions between conventional charmonium states and from the lowest multiplet of cc¯ hybrids to charmonium mesons. The results are compared to potential quark models and lattices calculations.

  2. Smart lighting: New Roles for Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Khaled

    Smart lighting: New Roles for Light in the Solid State Lighting World Robert F. Karlicek, Jr. Director, Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center Professor, Electrical, Systems and Computer Lighting · What is Smart Lighting · Technology Barriers to Smart Lighting · Visible Light Communications

  3. Commercial Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Commercial lighting accounts for more than 20 percent of total commercial building energy use. The Energy Department works to reduce lighting energy use through research and deployment.

  4. A dynamical model for longitudinal wave functions in light-front holographic QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. S. Chabysheva; J. R. Hiller

    2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct a Schrodinger-like equation for the longitudinal wave function of a meson in the valence qq-bar sector, based on the 't Hooft model for large-N two-dimensional QCD, and combine this with the usual transverse equation from light-front holographic QCD, to obtain a model for mesons with massive quarks. The computed wave functions are compared with the wave function ansatz of Brodsky and De Teramond and used to compute decay constants and parton distribution functions. The basis functions used to solve the longitudinal equation may be useful for more general calculations of meson states in QCD.

  5. Helicity operators for mesons in flight on the lattice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher Thomas, Robert Edwards, Jozef Dudek

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by the desire to construct meson-meson operators of definite relative momentum in order to study resonances in lattice QCD, we present a set of single-meson interpolating fields at nonzero momentum that respect the reduced symmetry of a cubic lattice in a finite cubic volume. These operators follow from the subduction of operators of definite helicity into irreducible representations of the appropriate little groups. We show their effectiveness in explicit computations where we find that the spectrum of states interpolated by these operators is close to diagonal in helicity, admitting a description in terms of single-meson states of identified JPC. The variationally determined optimal superpositions of the operators for each state give rapid relaxation in Euclidean time to that state, ideal for the construction of meson-meson operators and for the evaluation of matrix elements at finite momentum.

  6. Ringberg 2003 Vector Mesons Paul Thompson 1 Paul Thompson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ringberg 2003 Vector Mesons Paul Thompson 1 Paul Thompson B i r mi ng ham U ni v e r si t y S ummar y H 1 and Z E U S C ollab or at i ons #12;Ringberg 2003 Vector Mesons Paul Thompson 2 Motivation s s e s #12;Ringberg 2003 Vector Mesons Paul Thompson 3 § Experimentally clean process § w id e k

  7. The Vacuum Structure of Vector Mesons in QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennecke, Fabian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the chiral dynamics of vector mesons in two-flavor QCD in vacuum by utilizing a functional renormalization group approach. This allows us to capture the dynamical transition from the quark-gluon phase at high energies to the hadronic phase at low energies without the necessity of model parameter tuning. We use this to analyze the scaling of vector meson masses towards the chiral symmetry breaking scale, the decoupling of the mesons at high energies and the validity of vector meson dominance.

  8. Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    LIGHT!! #12;Light Properties Light travels at the speed of light `c' C = 3 x 108 m/s Or 190,000 miles/second!! Light could travel around the world about 8 times in one second #12;What is light?? Light is a "wave packet" A photon is a "light particle" #12;Electromagnetic Radiation and You Light is sometimes

  9. Exotic hybrid mesons from improved Kogut-Susskind fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Bernard; T. Burch; C. DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; E. B. Gregory; U. M. Heller; J. Osborn; R. Sugar; D. Toussaint

    2002-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We summarize our measurement of the mass of the exotic $1^{-+}$ hybrid meson using an improved Kogut-Susskind action. We show results from both quenched and dynamical quark simulations and compare with results from Wilson quarks. Extrapolation of these results to the physical quark mass allows comparison with experimental candidates for the $1^{-+}$ hybrid meson.

  10. Meson phase space density in heavy ion collisions from interferometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertsch, G.F. (Department of Physics and Institute for Nuclear Theory, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1994-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The interferometric analysis of meson correlations provides a measure of the average phase space density of the mesons in the final state. This quantity is a useful indicator of the statistical properties of the system, and it can be extracted with a minimum of model assumptions. Values obtained from recent measurements are consistent with the thermal value, but do not rule out superradiance effects.

  11. Hard Exclusive ?^0-Meson Production at COMPASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Wollny for the COMPASS collaboration

    2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    New results for the transverse target spin azimuthal asymmetry A_{UT}^{sin(\\phi-\\phi_S)} for hard exclusive \\rho^0-meson production on a transversely polarised ^6LiD and NH_3 target will be presented. The measurement was performed with the COMPASS detector using the 160 GeV/c muon beam of the SPS at CERN. The asymmetry is sensitive to the nucleon helicity-flip generalised parton distribution E, which is related to the orbital angular momentum of quarks in the nucleon.

  12. Lattice String Breaking and Heavy Meson Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I T Drummond; R R Horgan

    1998-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how string breaking on the lattice, treated as a mixing effect, can be related to decay rates for heavy quark systems. We use this to make a preliminary calculation of the energy split at maximum mixing for static quarks in QCD from the decay rate for $\\Upsilon(4S)\\to B{\\bar B}$. We extend the calculation to achieve rough estimates for the contributions of channels involving $B, B^*, B_s and B_s^*$ mesons to the width of the $\\Upsilon(5S)$.

  13. Status of Meson Photoproduction Experiments with CLAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pasyuk, Eugene A.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A large part of the experimental program in Hall B of the Jefferson Lab is dedicated to baryon spectroscopy. Meson photoproduction experiments are essential part of this program. CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) and availability of circularly and linearly polarized tagged photon beams in combination with longitudinally and transversely polarized frozen spin targets provide unique conditions for this type of experiments. For the first time, a complete or nearly complete measurement became possible and will allow model independent extraction of the reaction amplitude. The measurements were complete with both proton and deuteron targets. An overview of the collected experimental data will be presented.

  14. An Overview of Meson-Nuclear Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. W. Thomas

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This conference covers an extremely broad range of topics and in just a few pages it is impossible to even touch on all the areas which will be discussed. We have chosen to summarise just one area where there has recently been impressive progress, namely our quantitative understanding of strangeness in the nucleon. We also discuss a couple of examples where theoretical progress is of direct importance for future experiments as well as for the interpretation of hitherto anomalous results. Finally we make some remarks on meson and baryon spectroscopy and the exciting array of new facilities that are coming on-line in the near future.

  15. Smart Lighting Controller!! Smart lighting!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Betty Lise

    1! Smart Lighting Controller!! #12;2! Smart lighting! No need to spend energy lighting the room if://blogs.stthomas.edu/realestate/2011/01/24/residential-real-estate-professionals-how-do-you- develop feedback! There is a connection between the output and the input! Therefore forces inputs to same voltage

  16. Cerenkov Light

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Slifer, Karl

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

  17. Cerenkov Light

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slifer, Karl

    2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The bright blue glow from nuclear reactors is Cerenkov light. Karl Slifer describes how nuclear physicists can use this phenomenon to study the nucleus of the atom.

  18. Lighting Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When undertaking a lighting renovation in a Federal building, daylighting is the primary renewable energy opportunity. Photovoltaics (PV) also present an excellent opportunity. While this guide...

  19. Spin-1 Particles with Light-Front Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. P. B. C. de Melo; Anacé N. da Silva; Clayton S. Mello; T. Frederico

    2015-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    For the vector sector, i.e, mesons with spin-1, the electromagnetic form factors and anothers observables are calculated with the light-front approach. However, the light-front quantum field theory have some problems, for example, the rotational symmetry breaking. We solve that problem added the zero modes contribuition to the matrix elements of the electromagnetic current, besides the valence contribuition. We found that among the four independent matrix elements of the plus component in the light-front helicity basis only the $0\\to 0$ one carries zero mode contributions.

  20. Lattice QCD study of four-quark components of the iso-singlet scalar mesons --- significance of disconnected diagrams ---

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wakayama, Masayuki; Muroya, Shin; Nakamura, Atsushi; Nonaka, Chiho; Sekiguchi, Motoo; Wada, Hiroaki

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the possible significance of four-quark states in the iso-singlet scalar mesons ($J^{PC}=0^{++}$, $I=0$) by performing two-flavor full lattice QCD simulations on an $8^3 \\times 16$ lattice using the improved gauge action and the clover-improved Wilson quark action. In particular, we evaluate the propagators of molecular and tetra-quark states together with singly disconnected diagrams. For the computation of the singly disconnected diagrams we employ the $Z_2$-noise method with the truncated eigenmode approach. We show that the quark loops given by the disconnected diagrams play an essential role in making the four-quark states exist. We find that the light iso-singlet scalar meson $\\sigma$ may be the molecular state. The main component of the propagator of the tetra-quark state originates from the singly disconnected diagrams.

  1. Lattice QCD study of four-quark components of the iso-singlet scalar mesons --- significance of disconnected diagrams ---

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masayuki Wakayama; Teiji Kunihiro; Shin Muroya; Atsushi Nakamura; Chiho Nonaka; Motoo Sekiguchi; Hiroaki Wada

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the possible significance of four-quark states in the iso-singlet scalar mesons ($J^{PC}=0^{++}$, $I=0$) by performing two-flavor full lattice QCD simulations on an $8^3 \\times 16$ lattice using the improved gauge action and the clover-improved Wilson quark action. In particular, we evaluate the propagators of molecular and tetra-quark states together with singly disconnected diagrams. For the computation of the singly disconnected diagrams we employ the $Z_2$-noise method with the truncated eigenmode approach. We show that the quark loops given by the disconnected diagrams play an essential role in making the four-quark states exist. We find that the light iso-singlet scalar meson $\\sigma$ may be the molecular state. The main component of the propagator of the tetra-quark state originates from the singly disconnected diagrams.

  2. Heavy-light quarks interactions in QCD vacuum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirzayusuf Musakhanov

    2015-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    QCD vacuum instantons induce very strong interactions between light quarks, which generate large dynamical light quark mass M for initially almost massless quarks and can bound these quarks to produce almost massless pions in accordance with the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry (S\\chiSB). On the other hand, the QCD vacuum instantons generate heavy-light quark interactions terms, which are responsible for the effects of S\\chiSB in a heavy-light quark system. Summing the re-scattering series that lead to the total light quark propagator and making few further steps, we get the fermionized representation of low-frequencies light quark determinant in the presence of the quark sources, which is relevant for our problems. The next important step in the line of this strategy is to derive the equation and calculate the heavy quark propagator in the instanton media and in the presence of light quarks. This one provide finally the heavy and N_f light quarks interaction term. As an example, we derive heavy quark-light mesons interaction term for the N_f=2 case. If we take the average instanton size \\rho=0.35 fm, and average inter-instanton distance R=0.856 fm from our previous estimates, we obtain at LO on 1/N_c expansion dynamical light quark mass M = 570 MeV and instanton media contribution to heavy quark mass \\Delta M=148 MeV. These factors define the coupling between heavy and light quarks and, certainly, between heavy quarks and light mesons. We will apply this approach to heavy quark and heavy-light quark systems.

  3. Quark Potential in a Quark-Meson Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chengfu Mu; Pengfei Zhuang

    2008-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate quark potential by considering meson exchanges in the two flavor Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model at finite temperature and density. There are two kinds of oscillations in the chiral restoration phase, one is the Friedel oscillation due to the sharp quark Fermi surface at high density, and the other is the Yukawa oscillation driven by the complex meson poles at high temperature. The quark-meson plasma is strongly coupled in the temperature region $1\\le T/T_c \\lesssim 3$ with $T_c$ being the critical temperature of chiral phase transition. The maximum coupling in this region is located at the critical point.

  4. Orientifold Planar Equivalence: The Quenched Meson Spectrum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biagio Lucini; Gregory Moraitis; Agostino Patella; Antonio Rago

    2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A numerical study of Orientifold Planar Equivalence is performed in SU(N) Yang-Mills theories for N=2,3,4,6. Quenched meson masses are extracted in the antisymmetric, symmetric and adjoint representations for the pseudoscalar and vector channels. An extrapolation of the vector mass as a function of the pseudoscalar mass to the large-N limit shows that the numerical results agree within errors for the three theories, as predicted by Orientifold Planar Equivalence. As a byproduct of the extrapolation, the size of the corrections up to O(1/N^3) are evaluated. A crucial prerequisite for the extrapolation is the determination of an analytical relationship between the corrections in the symmetric and in the antisymmetric representations, order by order in a 1/N expansion.

  5. Transport properties of a meson gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Fernandez-Fraile; A. Gomez Nicola

    2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present recent results on a systematic method to calculate transport coefficients for a meson gas (in particular, we analyze a pion gas) at low temperatures in the context of Chiral Perturbation Theory. Our method is based on the study of Feynman diagrams with a power counting which takes into account collisions in the plasma by means of a non-zero particle width. In this way, we obtain results compatible with analysis of Kinetic Theory with just the leading order diagram. We show the behavior with temperature of electrical and thermal conductivities and shear and bulk viscosities, and we discuss the fundamental role played by unitarity. We obtain that bulk viscosity is negligible against shear viscosity near the chiral phase transition. Relations between the different transport coefficients and bounds on them based on different theoretical approximations are also discussed. We also comment on some applications to heavy-ion collisions.

  6. Meson Spectroscopy At Jlab At 12 Gev

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fegan, Stuart [INFN-GENOVA

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 12 GeV upgrade to the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab will enable a new generation of experiments in hadronic nuclear physics, seeking to address fundamental questions in our understanding of QCD. The existence of exotic states, suggested by both quark models and lattice calculations, would allow gluonic degrees of freedom to be explored, and may help explain the role played by gluons in the QCD interaction. This article will review the meson spectroscopy program being planned at the lab following the 12 GeV upgrade, utilising real and quasi-real photon beams in two of the lab's four experimental halls, whose distinct capabilities will enable an extensive set of spectroscopy experiments to be performed at the same facility.

  7. The Photoproduction of Hybrid Mesons from Cebaf to HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. E. Close; P. R. Page

    1994-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Decay widths, branching ratios and production dynamics of some recently discovered $J^{PC} = 1^{-+}, 0^{-+}$,$1^{--}$ and $2^{-+}$ mesons are found to be in remarkable agreement with the predicted properties of hybrid mesons. We propose tests for this new dynamics, emphasise the critical role of $\\pi b_1$ or $\\pi h_1$ decay channels in discriminating hybrids from conventional states, and suggest that photoproduction may offer special opportunities for isolation and confirmation of hybrids.

  8. Vector meson dominance and deep inelastic scattering at low and medium Q squared

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edgar Bugaev; Boris Mangazeev

    2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We argued that deep inelastic scattering (DIS) at small values of Q squared is an essentially nonperturbative process and can be described, partially at least, by the vector meson dominance (VMD) model. We showed by the straightforward calculation that VMD model alone can successfully explain data on structure functions of DIS in a broad interval of x (5e-2 - 1e-4) for the region Q squared < 1 GeV squared. For a description of data at larger Q squared we used the two-component (VMD + perturbative QCD) approach. We showed that these two components can be separated if VMD is used in the aligned jet version. We took into account, in calculations of VMD component of structure functions, the excited states of the rho-meson and nondiagonal transitions between different members of the rho-meson family. Amplitudes of these transitions were obtained using a formalism of the light-front Bethe-Salpeter equation and the method of diffraction-scattering eigenstates. The perturbative QCD component was calculated using a framework of the colour dipole model with the dipole cross section having a Regge-type energy dependence. We presented results of the detailed comparison of our predictions with experimental data for structure functions of the nucleon. We obtained also approximate predictions for the structure functions in the region of very small x, up to 1e-9, and showed that nonperturbative component at such values of x is still relatively large and must be taken into account if Q squared is about few GeV squared or less.

  9. Radiative corrections to the m(oving)NRQCD action and heavy-light operators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eike H. Müller; Christine T. H. Davies; Alistair Hart; Georg M. von Hippel; Ron R. Horgan; Iain Kendall; Andrew Lee; Stefan Meinel; Chris Monahan; Matthew Wingate

    2009-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Rare decays of B mesons, such as B \\to K^*\\gamma and B\\to K^{(*)}\\ell^+\\ell^- are loop suppressed in the Standard Model and sensitive to new physics. The final state meson in heavy-light decays at large recoil has sizeable momentum in the rest frame of the decaying meson. To reduce the resulting discretization errors we formulate the nonrelativistic heavy quark action in a moving frame. We discuss the perturbative renormalization of the leading order heavy-light operators in the resulting theory which is known as m(oving)NRQCD. We also present radiative corrections to the NRQCD action computed using automated lattice perturbation theory. By combining this technique with high-beta simulations in the weak coupling regime of the theory higher order loop corrections can be calculated very efficiently.

  10. Electromagnetic Studies of Mesons, Nucleons, and Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Oliver K.

    2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Professor Baker was a faculty member at Hampton University in Hampton, Virginia, and, jointly, a Staff Physicist at Jefferson Lab in nearby Newport News from September 1989 to July 2006. The Department of Energy (DOE) funded the grant DE-FG02-97ER41035 Electromagnetic Studies of Mesons, Nucleons, and Nuclei, while Baker was in this joint appointment. Baker sent a closeout report on these activities to Hampton University’s Sponsored Research Office some years ago, shortly after joining Yale University in 2006. In the period around 2001, the research grant with Baker as the Principal Investigator (PI) was put under the supervision of Professor Liguang Tang at Hampton University. Baker continued to pursue the research while in this join appointment, however the administrative responsibilities with the DOE and with Hampton University rested with Professor Tang after 2001, to my recollection. What is written in this document is from Baker’s memory of the research activities, which he has not pursued since joining the Yale University faculty.

  11. Investigation of Semileptonic B Meson Decay to P-Wave Charm Mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jessop, Colin P.

    2003-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied semileptonic B meson decays with a P-wave charm meson in the final state using 3.29 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} events collected by the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron-positron Storage Ring. We find a value for the exclusive semileptonic product branching fraction: {Beta}(B{sup -} {yields} D{sub 1}{sup 0}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}){Beta}(D{sub 1}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) = (0.373 {+-} 0.085 {+-} 0.052 {+-} 0.024)% and an upper limit for {Beta}(B{sup -} {yields} D*{sub 2}{sup 0}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}{sub {ell}}){Beta}(D*{sub 2}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sup +}{pi}{sup -}) < 0.16% (90% C.L.). These results indicate that at least 20% of the total B semileptonic rate is unaccounted for by the observed exclusive decays, B{sup -} {yields} D{sup 0}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}, B{sup -} {yields} D*{sup 0}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}, B{sup -} {yields} D{sub 1}{sup 0}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}, and B{sup -} {yields} D*{sub 2}{sup 0}{ell}{sup -}{bar {nu}}.

  12. Light Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon Chalmers

    2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A configuration of light pulses is generated, together with emitters and receptors, that allows computing. The computing is extraordinarily high in number of flops per second, exceeding the capability of a quantum computer for a given size and coherence region. The emitters and receptors are based on the quantum diode, which can emit and detect individual photons with high accuracy.

  13. Status Report on the Light Baryonic States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. M. K. Nefkens; J. W. Price

    2002-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The regularities in the spectrum of the light baryon resonances are reviewed and compared with those of the light mesons. We discuss the occurrence of parity doublets and clusters, and note the trends in the values of the masses, widths, spins, and parities. The importance of SU(3) flavor is illustrated and the status of quark model calculations of the baryonic spectrum is reviewed. The absence of evidence for baryonic hybrids is particularly interesting. We propose to use better symbols for the baryon resonances which do not conflict with the simple quark structure of QCD. We shall comment also on fine tuning the Star System for the hadronic states. The importance of greater support for the construction and operation of secondary beams of $\\pi$, $K$, $\\bar p$, $\\vec{n}$ and $\\vec\\gamma$ up to 5 GeV/$c$ for the future of non-perturbative QCD is emphasized.

  14. Role of mesons in the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akdogan, Taylan

    The roles played by mesons in the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon are explored using as a basis a model containing vector mesons with coupling to the continuum together with the asymptotic Q2 [Q superscript 2] ...

  15. J/psi absorption by nucleons in the meson-exchange model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Yongseok; Liu, Wei; Ko, Che Ming.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We reinvestigate the J/Psi dissociation processes induced by the reactions with nucleons, J/Psi + N -> D-(*) + Lambda(c), in the meson- exchange model. Main constraints used in this work are vector- meson dominance and charm vector...

  16. Effect of in-medium parameters of rho meson in its photoproduction reactions on nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Swapan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There exist model calculations showing the modification of the hadronic parameters of $\\rho$ meson in the nuclear environment. From these parameters, we extract the $\\rho$ meson nucleus optical potential and show the medium effect due to this potential on the $\\rho$ meson mass distribution spectra in the photonuclear reaction. The calculated results reproduced reasonably the measured $e^+e^-$ invariant mass, i.e., $\\rho$ meson mass, distribution spectra in the $( \\gamma, \\rho^0 \\to e^+e^- )$ reaction on nuclei.

  17. Effect of in-medium parameters of rho meson in its photoproduction reactions on nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swapan Das

    2015-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    There exist model calculations showing the modification of the hadronic parameters of $\\rho$ meson in the nuclear environment. From these parameters, we extract the $\\rho$ meson nucleus optical potential and show the medium effect due to this potential on the $\\rho$ meson mass distribution spectra in the photonuclear reaction. The calculated results reproduced reasonably the measured $e^+e^-$ invariant mass, i.e., $\\rho$ meson mass, distribution spectra in the $( \\gamma, \\rho^0 \\to e^+e^- )$ reaction on nuclei.

  18. Residential Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's PossibleRadiation Protection Technical squestionnairesquestionnaires AgreementLighting

  19. Bc Meson Formfactors and Bc-->PV Decays Involving Flavor Dependence of Transverse Quark Momentum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohit Dhir; R. C. Verma

    2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed analysis of the Bc form factors in the BSW framework, by investigating the effects of the flavor dependence on the average transverse quark momentum inside a meson. Branching ratios of two body decays of Bc meson to pseudoscalar and vector mesons are predicted.

  20. Lighting Inventory Lighting Theatre and Drama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    Lighting Inventory Lighting Theatre and Drama Description Totals R.Halls Wells- Metz Light ERS ETC SourceFour 25 25 50 degree ERS Strand Lighting 64 14 24 12 14 36 degree ERS ETC Source Four 15 15 36 degree ERS Strand Lighting 124 60 58 2 4 26 degree ERS ETC SourceFour 2 2 26 degree ERS Strand

  1. Meson production in high-energy electron-nucleus scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Göran Fäldt

    2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental studies of meson production through two-photon fusion in inelastic electron-nucleus scattering is now under way. A high-energy photon radiated by the incident electron is fused with a soft photon radiated by the nucleus. The process takes place in the small-angle-Coulomb region of nuclear scattering. We expound the theory for this production process as well as its interference with coherent-radiative-meson production. In particular, we investigate the distortion of the electron wave function due to multiple-Coulomb scattering.

  2. Determination of the total width of the eta' meson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Czerwinski; P. Moskal; D. Grzonka; R. Czyzykiewicz; D. Gil; B. Kamys; A. Khoukaz; J. Klaja; P. Klaja; W. Krzemien; W. Oelert; J. Ritman; T. Sefzick; M. Siemaszko; M. Silarski; J. Smyrski; A. Taschner; M. Wolke; P. Wustner; J. Zdebik; M. Zielinski; W. Zipper

    2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Taking advantage of both the low-emittance proton-beam of the Cooler Synchrotron COSY and the high momentum precision of the COSY-11 detector system, the mass distribution of the eta' meson was measured with a resolution of 0.33 MeV/c^2 (FWHM), improving the experimental mass resolution by almost an order of magnitude with respect to previous results. Based on the sample of more than 2300 reconstructed pp --> pp eta' events the total width of the eta' meson was determined to be 0.226 +- 0.017(stat.) +- 0.014(syst.) MeV/c^2.

  3. LED Lighting Basics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Light-Emitting diodes (LEDs) efficiently produce light in a fundamentally different way than any legacy or traditional source of light.

  4. Light Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5Let us count theLienertLift Forces in a Light

  5. Finding a rational nomenclature for mesons and baryons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnett, R.M.; Cahn, R.N.; Gidal, G.; Rittenberg, A.; Trippe, T.G.; Wohl, C.G.; Yost, G.P.; Porter, F.C.; Hernandez, J.J.; Montanet, L.

    1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A history of the Particle Data Group's efforts to find a rational and systematic convention for naming mesons and baryons is given. Several versions of our proposal are reviewed, and name changes which would occur are summarized. Some of the mail we have received is described. We hope to stimulate additional feedback.

  6. Studies of the B(c) meson at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spezziga, Mario; /Texas Tech.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present the latest measurements of the B{sub c} meson properties using 360 pb{sup -1} of data collected by the CDF detector. The results include the B{sub c} mass and the ratio of branching fraction B{sub c} {yields} J/{psi} l with respect to B {yields} J/{psi}K.

  7. Hypercentral Constituent Quark Model with a Meson Cloud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Y. Chen; Y. B. Dong; M. M. Giannini; E. Santopinto

    2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The results for the elastic nucleon form factors and the electromagnetic transition amplitudes to the Delta(1232) resonance, obtained with the Hypercentral Constituent Quark Model with the inclusion of a meson cloud correction are briefly presented. The pion cloud effects are explicitly discussed.

  8. $?$ mesons in strong abelian magnetic field in SU(3) lattice gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. V. Luschevskaya; O. A. Kochetkov; O. V. Larina; O. V. Teryaev

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the masses of neutral and charged $\\rho$ mesons in strong abelian magnetic field in $SU(3)$ gluodynamics. The behaviour of the ground state energy of these particles in the external magnetic field depends on its spin projection $s_z$ on the axis of external magnetic field. The masses of $\\rho^0$ meson with $s_z=\\pm 1$ increase with the field. The masses of $\\rho^{\\pm}$ mesons with zero spin also grow with the magnetic field. The ground state energies of $\\rho^{-}$ meson with $s_z=-1$ and $\\rho^{+}$ meson with $s_z=+1$ diminish as a function of the field, while the energies of $\\rho^{+}$ meson with $s_z=-1$ and $\\rho^{-}$ meson with $s_z=+1$ rise with the field value.

  9. Measurement of pi0 and eta Mesons with PHENIX in sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV Au+Au Collisions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Sahlmueller; for the PHENIX collaboration

    2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The pi0 meson has been a crucial proble for observing jet quenching in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC. Measurements of the eta meson in the same collisions have also shed light on a possible dependence of the observed suppression on the particle species. The preliminary pi0 nuclear modification factor R_AA from the 2004 RHIC run allowed a first systematic comparison between a precise measurement with high statistics and theoretical calculations, constraining model parameters such as the initial gluon density dN^g/dy, and the transport coefficient qhat. The final pi0 spectra and R_AA are shown as well as the first eta results obtained with both PHENIX electromagnetic calorimeters.

  10. Radiative Decays of the B Meson

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanaka, Hirohisa A

    2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The radiative decays of the B meson to the final states K *(892){gamma} and {rho}(770){gamma} proceed through virtual effective flavor-changing neutral current processes which are sensitive to contributions from high mass scales from within the Standard Model of particle interactions and from possible new physics. In the context of the Standard Model, these transitions are of interest in probing the weak interaction behavior of the top quark. In particular, the ratio of branching fractions for the two processes can be used to extract the ratio of Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix elements |V{sub td}/V{sub ts}|. Potential new physics contributions in these virtual transitions may induce new sources of direct CP violation and enhancement or suppression of the rate of these processes. The B {yields} K*{gamma} is a manifestation of the b {yields} s{gamma} radiative transition. This process has been previously observed by the CLEO collaboration and its branching fraction measured. While the theoretical prediction for the inclusive rate of b {yields} s{gamma} transitions is more robust than that of the exclusive B {yields} K*{gamma}, the prospects for precise measurements of {Beta}[B {yields} K*{gamma}] and direct CP violation in this channel has attracted considerable attention. The analysis described here represents an improved measurement of the B {yields} K*{gamma} branching factions and a more sensitive search for direct CP violation. In 22.7 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} events collected by the BABAR detector in 1999-2000, we measure: {Beta}[B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup 0}{gamma}] = 4.23 {+-} 0.40(stat.) {+-} 0.22(syst.) x 10{sup -5} and {Beta}[B{sup +} {yields} K*{sup +}{gamma}] = 3.83 {+-} 0.62(stat.) {+-} 0.22(syst.) x 10{sup -5}. We find no evidence for direct CP violation in the decays and constrain -0.170 < A{sub CP} < 0.082 at 90% Confidence Level. The B {yields} {rho}{gamma} proceeds through the analogous b {yields} d{gamma} radiative transition. As such, its rate is suppressed by a factor of |V{sub td}/V{sub ts}|{sup 2} {approx} {Omicron}(50) relative to B {yields} K*{gamma} and remains unobserved. Current limits on the branching fractions of B {yields} {rho}{gamma} are still an order of magnitude above the theoretical predictions. While the uncertainty in the theoretical predictions for the branching fraction of this mode are large, it may be possible to reduce these uncertainties by considering the ratio of the branching fractions for B {yields} {rho}{gamma} and B {yields} K*{gamma} which would lead to a measurement of |V{sub td}/V{sub ts}|. The analysis presented here represents a search with nearly an order of magnitude more data and new analysis techniques. In a sample of 61 .7 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} events, we find no significant evidence for the decay B {yields} {rho}{gamma} is and establish the following 90% Confidence Level upper limits on the branching fraction: {Beta}[B{sup 0} {yields} {rho}{sup 0}{gamma}] < 1.5 x 10{sup -6} and {Beta}[B{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup +}{gamma}] < 2.8 x 10{sup -6}.

  11. Sustainable Office Lighting Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Sustainable Office Lighting Options Task Lighting: Task lighting is a localized method of lighting a workspace so that additional, unnecessary lighting is eliminated, decreasing energy usage and costs. Illumination levels in the targeted work areas are higher with task lighting than with the ambient levels

  12. Light-Front Quantization Approach to the Gauge-Gravity Correspondence and Hadron Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teramond, Guy F. de [Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose (Costa Rica); Brodsky, Stanley J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94309 (United States)

    2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We find a correspondence between semiclassical QCD quantized on the light-front and a dual gravity model in anti--de Sitter (AdS) space, thus providing an initial approximation to QCD in its strongly coupled regime. This correspondence--light-front holography--leads to a light-front Hamiltonian and relativistic bound-state wave equations that are functions of an invariant impact variable {zeta} which measures the separation of the quark and gluonic constituents within hadrons at equal light-front time. The eigenvalues of the resulting light-front Schroedinger and Dirac equations are consistent with the observed light meson and baryon spectrum, and the eigenmodes provide the light-front wavefunctions, the probability amplitudes describing the dynamics of the hadronic constituents. The light-front equations of motion, which are dual to an effective classical gravity theory, possess remarkable algebraic and integrability properties which are dictated by the underlying conformal properties of the theory. We extend the algebraic construction to include a confining potential while preserving the integrability of the mesonic and baryonic bound-state equations.

  13. B-meson spectroscopy in HQET at order 1/m

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardoni, Fabio; Bulava, John; Della Morte, Michele; Fritzsch, Patrick; Garron, Nicolas; Gérardin, Antoine; Heitger, Jochen; von Hippel, Georg; Simma, Hubert

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a study of the B spectrum performed in the framework of Heavy Quark Effective Theory expanded to next-to-leading order in 1/m and non-perturbative in the strong coupling. Our analyses have been performed on Nf=2 lattice gauge field ensembles corresponding to three different lattice spacings and a wide range of pion masses. We obtain the Bs-meson mass and hyperfine splittings of the B- and Bs-mesons that are in good agreement with the experimental values and examine the mass difference m_{Bs}-m_B as a further cross-check of our previous estimate of the b-quark mass. We also report on the mass splitting between the first excited state and the ground state in the B and Bs systems.

  14. Meson photoproduction in the first and second resonance region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2003-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of baryon resonances via meson photoproduction reactions on the free proton and on nucleons in the nuclear medium is discussed. Special emphasis is laid on the production of neutral mesons which due to the suppression of non-resonant backgrounds are particularly well suited for the study of excited states of the nucleon. Experiments carried out during the last ten years with the TAPS-detector at the Mainz Microtron (MAMI) have very significantly contributed to a detailed investigation of the low lying nucleon resonances P33(1232), D13(1520) and S11(1535). The most recent results from single and double pion production and from eta-photoproduction are summarised.

  15. Communication with SIMP dark mesons via Z'-portal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyun Min Lee; Min-Seok Seo

    2015-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a consistent extension of the SIMP models with dark mesons by including a dark U(1)_D gauge symmetry. Dark matter density is determined by a thermal freeze-out of the $3\\to2$ self-annihilation process, thanks to the Wess-Zumino-Witten term. In the presence of a gauge kinetic mixing between the dark photon and the SM hypercharge gauge boson, dark mesons can undergo a sufficient scattering off the Standard Model particles and keep in kinetic equilibrium until freeze-out in this SIMP scenario. Taking the SU(N_f)xSU(N_f)/SU(N_f) flavor symmetry under the SU(N_c) confining group, we show how much complementary the SIMP constraints on the parameters of the dark photon are to be for current experimental searches for dark photon.

  16. Near-threshold Photoproduction of Phi Mesons from Deuterium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    X. Qian; W. Chen; H. Gao; K. Hicks; K. Kramer; J. M. Laget; T. Mibe; Y. Qiang; S. Stepanyan; D. J. Tedeschi; W. Xu; K. P. Adhikari; M. Amaryan; M. Anghinolfi; J. Ball; M. Battaglieri; V. Batourine; I. Bedlinskiy; M. Bellis; A. S. Biselli; C. Bookwalter; D. Branford; W. J. Briscoe; W. K. Brooks; V. D. Burkert; S. L. Careccia; D. S. Carman; P. L. Cole; P. Collins; V. Crede; A. D'Angelo; A. Daniel; N. Dashyan; R. De Vita; E. De Sanctis; A. Deur; B. Dey; S. Dhamija; C. Djalali; D. Doughty; R. Dupre; H. Egiyan; A. El Alaoui; P. Eugenio; S. Fegan; M. Y. Gabrielyan; N. Gevorgyan; G. P. Gilfoyle; K. L. Giovanetti; F. X. Girod; J. T. Goetz; W. Gohn; R. W. Gothe; L. Graham; K. A. Griffioen; M. Guidal; L. Guo; K. Hafidi; H. Hakobyan; C. Hanretty; N. Hassall; M. Holtrop; Y. Ilieva; D. G. Ireland; S. S. Jawalkar; H. S. Jo; K. Joo; D. Keller; M. Khandaker; P. Khetarpal; A. Kim; W. Kim; A. Klein; F. J. Klein; P. Konczykowski; V. Kubarovsky; S. V. Kuleshov; V. Kuznetsov; K. Livingston; D. Martinez; M. Mayer; J. McAndrew; M. E. McCracken; B. McKinnon; C. A. Meyer; K. Mikhailov; T. Mineeva; M. Mirazita; V. Mokeev; B. Moreno; K. Moriya; B. Morrison; H. Moutarde; E. Munevar; P. Nadel-Turonski; A. Ni; S. Niccolai; I. Niculescu; M. R. Niroula; M. Osipenko; A. I. Ostrovidov; R. Paremuzyan; K. Park; S. Park; S. Anefalos Pereira; S. Pisano; O. Pogorelko; S. Pozdniakov; J. W. Price; S. Procureur; D. Protopopescu; G. Ricco; M. Ripani; B. G. Ritchie; G. Rosner; P. Rossi; F. Sabatié; M. S. Saini; C. Salgado; D. Schott; R. A. Schumacher; E. Seder; H. Seraydaryan; Y. G. Sharabian; E. S. Smith; G. D. Smith; D. I. Sober; D. Sokhan; S. S. Stepanyan; P. Stoler; I. I. Strakovsky; S. Strauch; M. Taiuti; C. E. Taylor; S. Tkachenko; M. Ungaro; B . Vernarsky; M. F. Vineyard; E. Voutier; L. B. Weinstein; D. P. Weygand; M. H. Wood; N. Zachariou; L. Zana; J. Zhang; B. Zhao; Z. W. Zhao

    2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first measurement of the differential cross section on $\\phi$-meson photoproduction from deuterium near the production threshold for a proton using the CLAS detector and a tagged-photon beam in Hall B at Jefferson Lab. The measurement was carried out by a triple coincidence detection of a proton, $K^+$ and $K^-$ near the theoretical production threshold of 1.57 GeV. The extracted differential cross sections $\\frac{d\\sigma}{dt}$ for the initial photon energy from 1.65-1.75 GeV are consistent with predictions based on a quasifree mechanism. This experiment establishes a baseline for a future experimental search for an exotic $\\phi$-N bound state from heavier nuclear targets utilizing subthreshold/near-threshold production of $\\phi$ mesons.

  17. An estimate of QGP viscosity from STAR data on $?$ mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Israel-Stewart's theory of dissipative hydrodynamics, with a lattice based equation of state, where the confinement-deconfinement transition is a cross-over at $T_{co}$=196 MeV, we have analysed the STAR data on $\\phi$ meson production in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=200 GeV. From a simultaneous fit to $\\phi$ mesons multiplicity, mean $p_T$ and integrated $v_2$, we obtain a phenomenological estimate of QGP viscosity, $\\eta/s =0.15 \\pm 0.05 \\pm 0.03$, the first error is due to the experimental uncertainty in STAR measurements, the second reflects the uncertainties in initial and final conditions of the fluid. A host of STAR data, e.g. $\\phi$ multiplicity, integrated $v_2$, mean $p_T$, $p_T$ spectra ($p_T <$3 GeV), in central Au+Au collisions, are consistent with the estimate of viscosity.

  18. Observation of ?c1 Decays into Vector Meson Pairs ??, ?? and, ??

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; An, L.; An, Q.; An, Z. H.; Bai, J. Z.; Baldini, R.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Berger, N.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, X.; Cao, G. F.; Cao, X. X.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Duan, M. Y.; Fan, R. R.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Feng, C. Q.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Greco, M.; Grishin, S.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y. P.; Hao, X. Q.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Huang, B.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jia, L. K.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kuehn, W.; Lange, J. S.; Leung, J. K. C.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, Lei; Li, N. B.; Li, Q. J.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, C. Y.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, G. C.; Liu, H.; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, X. H.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Y. W.; Liu, Yong; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Z. Q.; Loehner, H.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, T.; Ma, X.; Ma, X. Y.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, H.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Nefedov, Y.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Pun, C. S. J.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, X. S.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schulze, J.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, X. Y.; Sonoda, S.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, X. D.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tang, X. F.; Tian, H. L.; Toth, D.; Varner, G. S.; Wan, X.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, H.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z. R.; Xu, Z. Z.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, M.; Yang, T.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, L.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, W. L.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, T. R.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, Jiawei; Zhao, Jingwei; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhao, Z. L.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zheng, Z. P.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, J.; Zhong, L.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, X. W.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.; Zuo, J. X.; Zweber, P.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using (106±4)×10? ?(3686) events accumulated with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII e?e? collider, we present the first measurement of decays of ?c1 to vector meson pairs ??, ??, and ??. The branching fractions are measured to be (4.4±0.3±0.5)×10??, (6.0±0.3±0.7)×10??, and (2.2±0.6±0.2)×10??, for ?c1 ???, ??, and ??, respectively, which indicates that the hadron helicity selection rule is significantly violated in ?cJ decays. In addition, the measurement of ?cJ??? provides the first indication of the rate of doubly OZI-suppressed ?cJ decay. Finally, we present improved measurements for the branching fractions of ?c0 and ?c2 to vector meson pairs.

  19. Toward the excited meson spectrum of dynamical QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dudek, Jozef J. [Jefferson Laboratory, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Department of Physics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 23529 (United States); Edwards, Robert G.; Richards, David G.; Thomas, Christopher E. [Jefferson Laboratory, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Peardon, Michael J. [School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed description of the extraction of the highly excited isovector meson spectrum on dynamical anisotropic lattices using a new quark-field construction algorithm and a large variational basis of operators. With careful operator construction, the combination of these techniques is used to identify the continuum spin of extracted states reliably, overcoming the reduced rotational symmetry of the cubic lattice. Excited states, states with exotic quantum numbers (0{sup +-}, 1{sup -+} and 2{sup +-}), and states of high spin are resolved, including, for the first time in a lattice QCD calculation, spin-four states. The determinations of the spectrum of isovector mesons and kaons are performed on dynamical lattices with two volumes and with pion masses down to {approx}400 MeV, with statistical precision typically at or below 1% even for highly excited states.

  20. Lighting Options for Homes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, W.S.

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report covers many aspects of various lighting options for homes. Types of light sources described include natural light, artificial light, incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, and high intensity discharge lamps. A light source selection guide gives the physical characteristics of these, design considerations, and common applications. Color, strategies for efficient lighting, and types of lighting are discussed. There is one section giving tips for various situations in specific rooms. Rooms and types of fixtures are shown on a matrix with watts saved by using the recommended type lighting for that room and room location. A major emphasis of this report is saving energy by utilizing the most suitable, recommended lighting option. (BN)

  1. Production of $?$ and $?'$ Mesons on Nucleons and Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche; C. Wilkin

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of $\\eta$ and $\\eta^{\\prime}$ mesons in photon- and hadron-induced reactions on free and quasi-free nucleons and on nuclei is reviewed. The extensive database on $\\gamma N \\to \\eta N$, for both proton and neutron targets, is described in detail and its implications for the search for $N^{\\star}$ resonances much heavier than the dominant $S_{11}(1535)$ discussed. Though less is currently known about the production of the $\\eta^{\\prime}$ or of $\\eta\\pi$ pairs, these also offer tantalizing prospects in the search for the missing isobars. The more limited data available on pion-induced production are still necessary ingredients in the partial wave analysis discussed. The production of the $\\eta$-meson in $pp$ and $pn$ collisions shows once again the strong influence of the $S_{11}(1535)$ isobar, which is in contrast to the relatively weak behaviour seen near threshold for $\\eta^{\\prime}$ production. This difference is reflected in the important final state interaction effects of the $\\eta$ in nuclei that may even lead to this meson being "bound" in some systems. The evidence for this is reviewed for both $\\gamma A$ and $p A$ collisions. The inclusive photoproduction of $\\eta$, $\\eta^{\\prime}$, and $\\eta\\pi$ pairs from nuclei provides further information regarding the production mechanism and the interaction of the $\\eta$ and $\\eta^{\\prime}$ with nuclei and the $\\eta\\pi$ pairs may even allow access to low mass $\\eta A$ systems that are forbidden in direct single-meson photoproduction.

  2. Relativistic description of weak decays of $B_s$ mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. N. Faustov; V. O. Galkin

    2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The branching fractions of the semileptonic and rare $B_s$ decays are calculated in the framework of the QCD-motivated relativistic quark model. The form factors of the weak $B_s$ transitions are expressed through the overlap integrals of the initial and final meson wave functions in the whole accessible kinematical range. The momentum transfer dependence of the form factors is explicitly determined without additional model assumptions and extrapolations. The obtained results agree well with available experimental data.

  3. Diffusion of hidden charm mesons in hadronic medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sukanya Mitra; Sabyasachi Ghosh; Santosh K. Das; Sourav Sarkar; Jan-e Alam

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The drag and diffusion coefficients of a hot hadronic medium have been evaluated by using hidden charm mesons as probes. The matrix elements for the evaluation of these coefficients are calculated using an effective theory as well as from scattering lengths. Although the transport coefficients show a significant rise with temperature its effects on the suppression of $J/\\psi$ in hadronic matter is not significant.

  4. Transverse quark distribution in mesons: QCD sum rule approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.H.; Hatsuda, T.; Miller, G.A. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washingtion, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States) Department of Physics, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-749 (Korea, Republic of))

    1994-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    QCD sum rules are used to compute the first few moments of the mesonic quark momentum. Transverse, longitudinal, and mixed transverse-longitudinal components are examined. The transverse size of the pion is shown to be dictated by the gluon condensate, even though the mass and the longitudinal distribution are dominated by the quark condensate. The implications of our results for color transparency physics and finite temperature QCD are discussed.

  5. Mobile lighting apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Roe, George Michael; Klebanoff, Leonard Elliott; Rea, Gerald W; Drake, Robert A; Johnson, Terry A; Wingert, Steven John; Damberger, Thomas A; Skradski, Thomas J; Radley, Christopher James; Oros, James M; Schuttinger, Paul G; Grupp, David J; Prey, Stephen Carl

    2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A mobile lighting apparatus includes a portable frame such as a moveable trailer or skid having a light tower thereon. The light tower is moveable from a stowed position to a deployed position. A hydrogen-powered fuel cell is located on the portable frame to provide electrical power to an array of the energy efficient lights located on the light tower.

  6. Light disappears rapidly (exponentially)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kudela, Raphael M.

    #12;#12;#12;#12;Light disappears rapidly (exponentially) with depth At the same time, the color of the light shifts #12;#12;#12;#12;· Euphotic zone ­ plentiful light ­ 0-100 m (about) · Dysphotic zone ­ very, very little light ­ 100-1000 m (about) · Aphotic zone ­ no light ­ below 1000 m #12;Sunlight in Water

  7. Studies of the $?$ meson with WASA at COSY and KLOE-2 at DA$?$NE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Moskal

    2011-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the basic motivations of the KLOE-2 and WASA-at-COSY experiments is the test of fundamental symmetries and the search for phenomena beyond the Standard Model in the hadronic and leptonic decays of ground-state mesons and in particular in decays of the $\\eta$ meson. At COSY these mesons are produced in collisions of proton or deuteron beam with hydrogen or deuterium pellet target, and at DA$\\Phi$NE $\\eta$ mesons originate from radiative decays of $\\phi$ meson or from the fusion of virtual gamma quanta exchanged between colliding electrons and positrons. This contribution includes brief description of experimental techniques used by KLOE-2 and WASA-at-COSY as well as some of physics aspects motivating investigations of production and decays of $\\eta$ mesons.

  8. Self-consistent solution of the Schwinger-Dyson equations for the nucleon and meson propagators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bracco, M.E.; Eiras, A.; Krein, G. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Pamplona, 145-01405-900 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil)] [Instituto de Fisica Teorica-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rua Pamplona, 145-01405-900 Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Wilets, L. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Schwinger-Dyson equations for the nucleon and meson propagators are solved self-consistently in an approximation that goes beyond the Hartree-Fock approximation. The traditional approach consists in solving the nucleon Schwinger-Dyson equation with bare meson propagators and bare meson-nucleon vertices; the corrections to the meson propagators are calculated using the bare nucleon propagator and bare nucleon-meson vertices. It is known that such an approximation scheme produces the appearance of ghost poles in the propagators. In this paper the coupled system of Schwinger-Dyson equations for the nucleon and the meson propagators are solved self-consistently including vertex corrections. The interplay of self-consistency and vertex corrections on the ghosts problem is investigated. It is found that the self-consistency does not affect significantly the spectral properties of the propagators. In particular, it does not affect the appearance of the ghost poles in the propagators.

  9. Test of OZI violation in vector meson production with COMPASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johannes Bernhard; Karin Schönning; for the COMPASS collaboration

    2012-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The COMPASS experiment at CERN SPS completed its data taking with hadron beams (p, \\pi, K) in the years 2008 and 2009 by collecting a large set of data using different targets (H2, Pb, Ni, W). These data are dedicated to hadron spectroscopy, where the focus is directed to the search for exotic bound states of quarks and gluons (hybrids, glueballs). The production of such states is known to be favoured in glue-rich environments, e.g. so-called OZI-forbidden processes. The OZI rule postulates that processes with disconnected quark line diagrams are forbidden. On the one hand, the study of the degree of OZI violation in vector meson production yields the possibility to learn more about the involved production mechanisms. On the other hand it helps to understand the nucleon's structure itself. Contrary to former experiments, the large data sample allows for detailed studies in respect to Feynman's variable xF. We present results from the ongoing analysis on the comparison of \\omega and \\phi vector mesons production in pp->p(\\omega/\\phi)p, where the possibility of measuring the spin alignment of both vector mesons at the same time makes COMPASS unique.

  10. Production of spin-3 mesons in diffractive DIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Caporale; I. P. Ivanov

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the amplitudes of J^{PC}=3^{--} meson production in diffractive DIS within the k_t-factorization approach, with a particular attention paid to the rho_3(1690) meson. We find that at all Q^2 the rho_3(1690) production cross section is 2-5 times smaller than the rho(1700) production cross section, which is assumed to be a pure D-wave state. Studying sigma_L and sigma_T separately, we observe domination of rho_3 in sigma_L and domination of rho(1700) in sigma_T and offer an explanation of this behavior in simple terms. We also find very strong contributions -- sometimes even domination -- of the s-channel helicity violating amplitudes. The typical color dipole sizes probed in rho_3 production are shown to be larger than those in the ground state rho production, and the energy dependence of rho_3 cross section turns out to be much flatter than the rho production cross section. All the conclusions about the relative behavior of rho_3(1690) and rho(1700) mesons are numerically stable against variations of input parameters.

  11. Incoherent photoproduction of pseudoscalar mesons off nuclei at forward angles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgyan, Sergey [JINR; Gasparian, Ashot H. [North Carolina Ag. and Tech. St. U; Gan, Liping [University of North Carolina at Wilmington; Larin, Ilya F. [ITEP, Moscow; Khandaker, Mahbubul A. [Idaho State U

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in the photon tagging facilities together with the novel, high-resolution fast calorimetry make it possible to perform photoproduction cross section measurements of pseudoscalar mesons on nuclei with a percent level accuracy. The extraction of the radiative decay widths, needed for testing the symmetry breaking effects in QCD, from these measurements at small angles is done by the Primakoff method. This method requires theoretical treatment of all processes participating in these reactions at the same percent level. The most updated description of general processes, including the nuclear coherent amplitude, is done in our previous paper. In this work, in the framework of the Glauber multiple scattering theory, we obtain analytical expressions for the incoherent cross section of the photoproduction of pseudoscalar mesons off nuclei accounting for the mesons absorption in nuclei and the Pauli suppression at forward production angles. As illustrations of the obtained formulas, we calculate the incoherent cross section for photoproduction from a closed shell nucleus, {sup 16}O, and from an unclosed shell nucleus, {sup 12}C. These calculations allow one to compare different approaches and estimate their impact on the incoherent cross section of the processes under consideration.

  12. Incoherent photoproduction of pseudoscalar mesons off nuclei at forward angles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Gevorkyan; A. Gasparian; L. Gan; I. Larin; M. Khandaker

    2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent advances in the photon tagging facilities together with the novel, high resolution fast calorimetry made possible to perform photoproduction cross section measurements of pseudoscalar mesons on nuclei with a percent level accuracy. The extraction of the radiative decay widths, needed for testing the symmetry breaking effects in QCD, from these measurements at small angles is done by the Primakoff method. This method requires theoretical treatment of all processes participating in these reactions at the same percent level. The most updated description of general processes, including the nuclear coherent amplitude, is done in our previous paper. In this work, based on the framework of Glauber multiple scattering theory, we obtain analytical expressions for the incoherent cross section of the photoproduction of pseudoscalar mesons off nuclei accounting for the mesons absorption in nuclei and Pauli suppression at forward production angles. As illustrations of the obtained formulas, we calculate the incoherent cross section for photoproduction from a closed shell nucleus, 16^O, and from an unclosed shell nucleus, 12^C. These calculations allow one to compare different approaches and estimate their impact on the incoherent cross section of the processes under consideration.

  13. Light-Front Quantization Approach to the Gauge Gravity Correspondence and Hadron Spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.; Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC

    2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We find a correspondence between semiclassical QCD quantized on the light-front and a dual gravity model in anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, thus providing an initial approximation to QCD in its strongly coupled regime. This correspondence - light-front holography - leads to a light-front Hamiltonian and relativistic bound-state wave equations that are functions of an invariant impact variable {zeta} which measures the separation of the quark and gluonic constituents within hadrons at equal lightfront time. The eigenvalues of the resulting light-front Schrodinger and Dirac equations are consistent with the observed light meson and baryon spectrum, and the eigenmodes provide the light-front wavefunctions, the probability amplitudes describing the dynamics of the hadronic constituents. The light-front equations of motion, which are dual to an effective classical gravity theory, possess remarkable algebraic and integrability properties which are dictated by the underlying conformal properties of the theory. We extend the algebraic construction to include a confining potential while preserving the integrability of the mesonic and baryonic bound-state equations.

  14. Singularities of massless planar diagrams, large-N_c mesons in 3+1 dimensions, and the 't Hooft model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean Lee

    1997-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the singular Landau surfaces of planar diagrams contributing to scattering of a massless quark and antiquark in 3+1 dimensions. In particular, we look at singularities which remain after integration with respect to the various angular degrees of freedom. We derive a general relation between these singularities and the singularities of quark- antiquark scattering in 1+1 dimensions. We then classify all Landau surfaces of the 1+1 dimensional system. Combining these results, we deduce that the singular surfaces of the angle- integrated 3+1 dimensional amplitude must satisfy at least one of three conditions, which we call the planar light-cone conditions. We discuss the extension of our results to non-perturbative processes by means of the non-perturbative operator product expansion. Our findings offer new insights into the connection between the 't Hooft model and large-N_c mesons in 3+1 dimensions and may prove useful in studies of confinement in relativistic meson systems.

  15. New Light Sources for Tomorrow's Lighting Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krailo, D. A.

    can ever be saved on that monthly energy bill. During the past several years, many new light sources have been developed and introduced. These product introductions have not been limited to anyone lamp type, but instead may be found in fila ment..., fluorescent and high intensity discharge lamp families. Man , ufacturers of light sources have two basic goals for new product development. These goals are high efficiency lighting and improved colo'r rendering properties. High efficiency lighting may take...

  16. EK101 Engineering Light Smart Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bifano, Thomas

    EK101 Engineering Light Smart Lighting Homework for 9/10 1. Make an estimate (using if the patent is granted.) 3. What is a lumen? A lux? How are the two related? How would you use a lux meter, (Lux, Lumens/m2) Luminous Flux: Perceivable light power from a source, (Lumens) Use the lux meter

  17. Near Mass Degeneracy in the Scalar Meson Sector: Implications for $B^*_{(s)0}$ and $B'_{(s)1}$ Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hai-Yang Cheng; Fu-Sheng Yu

    2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The empirical observation of near degeneracy of scalar mesons above 1 GeV, namely, the mass of the strange-flavor scalar meson is similar to that of the non-strange one, is at variance with the naive expectation of the quark model. Qualitatively, the approximate mass degeneracy can be understood as a consequence of self-energy effects due to strong coupled channels which will push down the mass of the heavy scalar meson in the strange sector more than that in the non-strange partner. However, it works in the conventional model without heavy quark expansion, but not in the approach of heavy meson chiral perturbation theory as mass degeneracy and the physical masses of $D_{s0}^*$ and $D_0^*$ cannot be accounted for simultaneously. In the heavy quark limit, near mass degeneracy observed in the scalar charm sector will imply the same phenomenon in the $B$ system. We have the prediction $M_{B_0^*}\\approx M_{B_{s0}^*}\\approx 5715\\,{\\rm MeV}+\\delta\\Delta_S$ based on heavy quark symmetry and the leading-order QCD correction, where $\\delta\\Delta_S$ arises from $1/m_Q$ corrections. A crude estimate indicates that $\\delta\\Delta_S$ is of order $-35$ MeV or less. We stress that the closeness of $B_{s0}^*$ and $B_0^*$ masses implied by heavy quark symmetry is not spoiled by $1/m_Q$ or QCD corrections. The mass-shift effect on $K_0^*(1430)$ is discussed.

  18. Specific light in sculpture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, John William

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

  19. Wave functions and decay constants of $B$ and $D$ mesons in the relativistic potential model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mao-Zhi Yang

    2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    With the decay constants of $D$ and $D_s$ mesons measured in experiment recently, we revisit the study of the bound states of quark and antiquark in $B$ and $D$ mesons in the relativistic potential model. The relativistic bound state wave equation is solved numerically. The masses, decay constants and wave functions of $B$ and $D$ mesons are obtained. Both the masses and decay constants obtained here can be consistent with the experimental data. The wave functions can be used in the study of $B$ and $D$ meson decays.

  20. Measurement of leptonic and hadronic decays of omega- and phi-mesons at RHIC by PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu. Riabov

    2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The PHENIX experiment at RHIC measured production of the \\omega- and \\phi- mesons in p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions at \\sqrt{s_NN} = 63 and 200 GeV. Particle properties were studied using hadronic and di-electron decay channels. Transverse momentum (mass) spectra measured in different decay modes are found to be in agreement with each other within the errors. Nuclear modification factors R_{AA} measured for both mesons are consistent with results previously obtained for other neutral mesons. Position of the meson mass peaks and their widths reconstructed in hadronic decay channels are in agreement with their properties measured in vacuum.

  1. Elliptic flow of $?$ and $?^{0}$ Mesons in Heavy-Ion Collisions at 2 AGeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Taranenko; A. Kugler; R. Pleskac; P. Tlusty; V. Wagner; H. Lohner; R. W. Ostendorf; R. H. Siemssen; P. H. Vogt; H. W. Wilschut; R. Averbeck; S. Hlavac; R. Holzmann; A. Schubert; R. S. Simon; R. Stratmann; F. Wissmann; Y. Charbonnier; G. Martinez; Y. Schutz; J. Diaz; A. Marin; A. Doppenschmidt; M. Appenheimer; V. Hejny; V. Metag; R. Novotny; H. Stroher; J. Weiss; A. R. Wolf; M. Wolf; TAPS Collaboration

    1999-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Azimuthal distributions of $\\eta$ and $\\pi^{0}$ mesons emitted at midrapidity in collisions of 1.9 AGeV $^{58}$Ni+$^{58}$Ni and 2 AGeV $^{40}$Ca+$^{nat}$Ca are studied as a function of the number of projectile-like spectator nucleons. The observed anisotropy corresponds to a negative elliptic flow signal for $\\eta$ mesons, indicating a preferred emission perpendicular to the reaction plane. In contrast, only small azimuthal anisotropies are observed for $\\pi^{0}$ mesons. This may indicate that $\\eta$ mesons freeze out earlier from the fire ball than pions.

  2. Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and...

  3. Diffractive photoproduction of radially excited psi(2S) mesons in photon-Pomeron reactions in PbPb collisions at the CERN LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. B. Gay Ducati; M. T. Griep; M. V. T. Machado

    2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we investigate the photoproduction of radially excited vector mesons off nuclei in heavy ion relativistic collisions. In particular, we analyze the exclusive photoproduction of psi(2S) off nuclei, evaluating the coherent and the incoherent contributions to that process. The theoretical framework used in the present analysis is the light-cone dipole formalism and predictions are done for PbPb collisions at the CERN-LHC energy of 2.76 TeV. The theoretical uncertainties are analyzed and comparison is also done to the recent ALICE Collaboration data for the psi(1S) state photoproduction.

  4. Exciting White Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Windows that emit light and are more energy efficient? Universal Display’s PHOLED technology enables windows that have transparent light-emitting diodes in them.

  5. Search for Nucleon Decay into Charged Anti-lepton plus Meson in Super-Kamiokande I and II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishino, H; Hayato, Y; Iida, T; Ikeda, M; Kameda, J; Koshio, Y; Miura, M; Moriyama, S; Nakahata, M; Nakayama, S; Obayashi, Y; Sekiya, H; Shiozawa, M; Suzuki, Y; Takeda, A; Takenaga, Y; Takeuchi, Y; Ueno, K; Ueshima, K; Watanabe, H; Yamada, S; Hazama, S; Higuchi, I; Ishihara, C; Kaji, H; Kajita, T; Kaneyuki, K; Mitsuka, G; Okumura, K; Tanimoto, N; Dufour, F; Kearns, E; Litos, M; Raaf, J L; Stone, J L; Sulak, L R; Goldhaber, M; Bays, K; Cravens, J P; Kropp, W R; Mine, S; Regis, C; Smy, M B; Sobel, H W; Ganezer, K S; Hill, J; Keig, W E; Jang, J S; Kim, J Y; Lim, I T; Albert, J B; Scholberg, K; Walter, C W; Wendell, R; Ishizuka, T; Tasaka, S; Learned, J G; Matsuno, S; Watanabe, Y; Hasegawa, T; Ishida, T; Ishii, T; Kobayashi, T; Nakadaira, T; Nakamura, K; Nishikawa, K; Oyama, Y; Sakashita, K; Sekiguchi, T; Tsukamoto, T; Suzuki, A T; Minamino, A; Nakaya, T; Yokoyama, M; Fukuda, Y; Itow, Y; Tanaka, T; Jung, C K; Lopez, G; McGrew, C; Yanagisawa, C; Tamura, N; Idehara, Y; Sakuda, M; Kuno, Y; Yoshida, M; Kim, S B; Yang, B S; Okazawa, H; Choi, Y; Seo, H K; Furuse, Y; Nishijima, K; Yokosawa, Y; Koshiba, M; Totsuka, Y; Vagins, M R; Chen, S; Heng, Y; Liu, J; Yang, Z; Zhang, H; Kielczewska, D; Connolly, K; Thrane, E; Wilkes, R J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Searches for a nucleon decay into a charged anti-lepton (e^+ or {\\mu}^+) plus a light meson ({\\pi}^0, {\\pi}^-, {\\eta}, {\\rho}^0, {\\rho}^-, {\\omega}) were performed using the Super-Kamiokande I and II data. Twelve nucleon decay modes were searched for. The total exposure is 140.9 kiloton \\cdot years, which includes a 91.7 kiloton \\cdot year exposure (1489.2 live days) of Super-Kamiokande-I and a 49.2 kiloton \\cdot year exposure (798.6 live days) of Super-Kamiokande-II. The number of candidate events in the data was consistent with the atmospheric neutrino background expectation. No significant evidence for a nucleon decay was observed in the data. Thus, lower limits on the nucleon partial lifetime at 90% confidence level were obtained. The limits range from 3.6 \\times 10^31 to 8.2 \\times 10^33 years, depending on the decay modes.

  6. Search for Nucleon Decay into Charged Anti-lepton plus Meson in Super-Kamiokande I and II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Super-Kamiokande Collaboration; :; H. Nishino; K. Abe; Y. Hayato; T. Iida; M. Ikeda; J. Kameda; Y. Koshio; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; S. Nakayama; Y. Obayashi; H. Sekiya; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; A. Takeda; Y. Takenaga; Y. Takeuchi; K. Ueno; K. Ueshima; H. Watanabe; S. Yamada; S. Hazama; I. Higuchi; C. Ishihara; H. Kaji; T. Kajita; K. Kaneyuki; G. Mitsuka; K. Okumura; N. Tanimoto; F. Dufour; E. Kearns; M. Litos; J. L. Raaf; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; M. Goldhaber; K. Bays; J. P. Cravens; W. R. Kropp; S. Mine; C. Regis; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; K. S. Ganezer; J. Hill; W. E. Keig; J. S. Jang; J. Y. Kim; I. T. Lim; J. B. Albert; K. Scholberg; C. W. Walter; R. Wendell; T. Ishizuka; S. Tasaka; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; Y. Watanabe; T. Hasegawa; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; K. Nishikawa; Y. Oyama; K. Sakashita; T. Sekiguchi; T. Tsukamoto; A. T. Suzuki; A. Minamino; T. Nakaya; M. Yokoyama; Y. Fukuda; Y. Itow; T. Tanaka; C. K. Jung; G. Lopez; C. McGrew; C. Yanagisawa; N. Tamura; Y. Idehara; M. Sakuda; Y. Kuno; M. Yoshida; S. B. Kim; B. S. Yang; H. Okazawa; Y. Choi; H. K. Seo; Y. Furuse; K. Nishijima; Y. Yokosawa; M. Koshiba; Y. Totsuka; M. R. Vagins; S. Chen; Y. Heng; J. Liu; Z. Yang; H. Zhang; D. Kielczewska; K. Connolly; E. Thrane; R. J. Wilkes

    2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Searches for a nucleon decay into a charged anti-lepton (e^+ or {\\mu}^+) plus a light meson ({\\pi}^0, {\\pi}^-, {\\eta}, {\\rho}^0, {\\rho}^-, {\\omega}) were performed using the Super-Kamiokande I and II data. Twelve nucleon decay modes were searched for. The total exposure is 140.9 kiloton \\cdot years, which includes a 91.7 kiloton \\cdot year exposure (1489.2 live days) of Super-Kamiokande-I and a 49.2 kiloton \\cdot year exposure (798.6 live days) of Super-Kamiokande-II. The number of candidate events in the data was consistent with the atmospheric neutrino background expectation. No significant evidence for a nucleon decay was observed in the data. Thus, lower limits on the nucleon partial lifetime at 90% confidence level were obtained. The limits range from 3.6 \\times 10^31 to 8.2 \\times 10^33 years, depending on the decay modes.

  7. PFP Emergency Lighting Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BUSCH, M.S.

    2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    NFPA 101, section 5-9 mandates that, where required by building classification, all designated emergency egress routes be provided with adequate emergency lighting in the event of a normal lighting outage. Emergency lighting is to be arranged so that egress routes are illuminated to an average of 1.0 footcandle with a minimum at any point of 0.1 footcandle, as measured at floor level. These levels are permitted to drop to 60% of their original value over the required 90 minute emergency lighting duration after a power outage. The Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) has two designations for battery powered egress lights ''Emergency Lights'' are those battery powered lights required by NFPA 101 to provide lighting along officially designated egress routes in those buildings meeting the correct occupancy requirements. Emergency Lights are maintained on a monthly basis by procedure ZSR-12N-001. ''Backup Lights'' are battery powered lights not required by NFPA, but installed in areas where additional light may be needed. The Backup Light locations were identified by PFP Safety and Engineering based on several factors. (1) General occupancy and type of work in the area. Areas occupied briefly during a shiftly surveillance do not require backup lighting while a room occupied fairly frequently or for significant lengths of time will need one or two Backup lights to provide general illumination of the egress points. (2) Complexity of the egress routes. Office spaces with a standard hallway/room configuration will not require Backup Lights while a large room with several subdivisions or irregularly placed rooms, doors, and equipment will require Backup Lights to make egress safer. (3) Reasonable balance between the safety benefits of additional lighting and the man-hours/exposure required for periodic light maintenance. In some plant areas such as building 236-Z, the additional maintenance time and risk of contamination do not warrant having Backup Lights installed in all rooms. Sufficient light for egress is provided by existing lights located in the hallways.

  8. BRST quantization of SU(2/1) electro-weak theory in the superconnection approach - and the Higgs meson mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, D S; Ne'eman, Yuval

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BRST quantization of SU(2/1) electro-weak theory in the superconnection approach - and the Higgs meson mass

  9. Nuclear modification and azimuthal anisotropy of D mesons produced in relativistic heavy ion collision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Younus, Mohammed

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present a phenomenological treatment of charm quark energy loss before fragmenting into D mesons and calculate nuclear modification factor, '$R_{AA}$' and azimuthal anisotropy, '$v_2$' of D mesons for lead on lead collision at LHC energy of $\\sqrt{s}$=2.76 A TeV.

  10. Exclusive Electroproduction of Pions and Vector Mesons at SPIN 2004,Trieste, Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exclusive Electroproduction of Pions and Vector Mesons at HERMES SPIN 2004,Trieste, Italy Armine Rostomyan on behalf of the HERMES collaboration (YerPhI/DESY) -Armine Rostomyan- ­ SPIN 2004,Trieste, Italy 2004,Trieste, Italy ­ page 2 #12;Factorization theorem for meson production -Collins, Frankfurt

  11. Bounds on R-parity violating supersymmetric couplings from leptonic and semileptonic meson decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dreiner, H. K.; Kraemer, M.; O'Leary, Ben [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Bonn, Nussallee 12, 53115 Bonn (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik E, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany); S.U.P.A., School of Physics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom) and Institut fuer Theoretische Physik E, RWTH Aachen, 52056 Aachen (Germany)

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a comprehensive update of the bounds on R-parity violating supersymmetric couplings from lepton-flavor- and lepton-number-violating decay processes. We consider {tau} and {mu} decays as well as leptonic and semileptonic decays of mesons. We present several new bounds resulting from {tau}, {eta}, and kaon decays and correct some results in the literature concerning B meson decays.

  12. Effects of (N)over-Barn Polarization on Vector-Meson Masses at Finite-Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, C. S.; Xia, P. W.; Ko, Che Ming.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effects of (N) over bar N polarization on vector meson (rho and omega) masses at finite temperature are studied. Including a reduced nucleon mass in a hot matter, we find that the reduction of vector meson masses due to the vacuum effect is larger...

  13. Flavour Singlet Mesons in Full QCD on the Lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schilling, K; Eicker, N; Lippert, T; Negele, J W; Lippert, Th.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We apply spectral methods to compute the OZI-rule suppressed loop-loop correlators in the pseudoscalar meson flavour singlet channel. Using SESAM configurations (obtained with two degenerate sea quark flavours on 16x16x16x32 lattices at beta = 5.6 with standard Wilson action), we find for the first time clear evidence for mass plateau formation in the eta' channel of this theory. As a consequence, we observe a clear signal of a mass gap persistent under chiral extrapolation. This sets the stage for a more realistic two-channel approach, where partially quenched strange quarks would be included, in addition to u, d sea quarks.

  14. Mixed Heavy Quark Hybrid Mesons, Decay Puzzles, and RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard S. Kisslinger

    2009-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We estimate the energy of the lowest Charmonium and Upsilon states with hybrid admixtures using the method of QCD Sum Rules. Our results show that the $\\Psi'(2S)$ and $\\Upsilon(3S)$ states both have about a 50% admixture of hybrid and meson components. From this we find explanations of both the famous $\\rho-\\pi$ puzzle for Charmonium, and the unusual pattern of $\\sigma$ decays that have been found in $\\Upsilon$ decays. Moreover, this picture can be used for predictions of heavy quark production with the octet model for RHIC.

  15. The Neutral Decay Modes of the Eta-Meson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. M. K. Nefkens; J. W. Price

    2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutral decay modes of the eta meson are reviewed. The most recent results obtained with the Crystal Ball multiphoton detector at BNL are incorporated. This includes a new, precise result for the slope parameter alpha of the Dalitz plot in eta -> 3pi0 decay and a new, lower branching ratio for eta -> pi0 gamma gamma which is consistent with chiral perturbation theory. Recently-obtained limits are given for novel tests of CP and C invariance based on several rare eta decays.

  16. Polarization Observables in the Photoproduction of Two Pseudoscalar Mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winston Roberts

    2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The many polarization observables that can be measured in process like {gamma}N {yields} M{sub 1}M{sub 2}B, where M{sub 1} and M{sub 2} are pseudoscalar mesons and B is a spin-1/2 baryon, are discussed. The relationships among these observables, their symmetries, as well as inequalities that they satisfy are briefly discussed. Within the context of a particular model for {gamma}N {yields} NKK, some of the observables are calculated, and their sensitivity to the ingredients of the model, and hence to the underlying dynamics of the process, are discussed.

  17. Search for CP Violation in D± Meson Decays to ??±

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stari?, M.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bay, A.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Browder, T. E.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, I.-S.; Cho, K.; Choi, Y.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Eidelman, S.; Fast, J. E.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hayasaka, K.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwabuchi, M.; Iwasaki, Y.; Iwashita, T.; Julius, T.; Kang, J. H.; Kawasaki, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Ko, B. R.; Kobayashi, N.; Koblitz, S.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Kumita, T.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Libby, J.; Liu, C.; Liu, Z. Q.; Louvot, R.; McOnie, S.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Miyazaki, Y.; Mohanty, G. B.; Nakano, E.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Nozaki, T.; Ohshima, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, H. K.; Park, K. S.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Röhrken, M.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, H.; Sakai, K.; Sakai, Y.; Sanuki, T.; Schneider, O.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A. J.; Seon, O.; Sevior, M. E.; Shebalin, V.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Simon, F.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Stani?, S.; Sumihama, M.; Sumisawa, K.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Urquijo, P.; Varner, G.; Vossen, A.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Williams, K. M.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamashita, Y.; Yuan, C. Z.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Zupanc, A.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We search for CP violation in Cabibbo-suppressed charged D meson decays by measuring the difference between the CP-violating asymmetries for the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D±?K?K??± and the Cabibbo-favored decays D±s?K?K??± in the K?K? mass region of the ? resonance. Using 955 fb?¹ of data collected with the Belle detector, we obtain AD?????CP=(+0.51±0.28±0.05)%. The measurement improves the sensitivity of previous searches by more than a factor of 5. We find no evidence for direct CP violation.

  18. Highly Excited and Exotic Meson Spectrum from Dynamical Lattice QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dudek, Jozef J. [Jefferson Laboratory, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Department of Physics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia 23529 (United States); Edwards, Robert G.; Richards, David G.; Thomas, Christopher E. [Jefferson Laboratory, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States); Peardon, Michael J. [School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a new quark-field construction algorithm and a large variational basis of operators, we extract a highly excited isovector meson spectrum on dynamical anisotropic lattices. We show how carefully constructed operators can be used to reliably identify the continuum spin of extracted states, overcoming the reduced cubic symmetry of the lattice. Using this method we extract, with confidence, excited states, states with exotic quantum numbers (0{sup +-}, 1{sup -+}, and 2{sup +-}), and states of high spin, including, for the first time in lattice QCD, spin-four states.

  19. Lighting and Daylight Harvesting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bos, J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    exposing us to the latest products and technologies. Daylight Harvesting A system of controlling the direction and the quantity of light both natural and artificial within a given space. This implies: Control of fenestration in terms of size..., transmission and direction. Control of reflected light within a space. Control of electric light in terms of delivery and amount Daylight harvesting systems are typically designed to maintain a minimum recommended light level. This light level...

  20. EK101 Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bifano, Thomas

    EK101 Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting Compare technical and economic characteristics of three sources of residential light. Two teams of four complete the same project Engineering Light Project: Evaluate Residential Lighting Project Assignment: Evaluate current options

  1. Towards the Light Front Variables for High Energy Production Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. S. Amaglobeli; S. M. Esakia; V. R. Garsevanishvili; G. O. Kuratashvili; N. K. Kutsidi; R. A. Kvatadze; Yu V. Tevzadze; T. P. Topuria

    1997-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Scale invariant presentation of inclusive spectra in terms of light front variables is proposed. The variables introduced go over to the well-known scaling variables x_F = 2p_z/sqrt(s) and x_T=2p_T/sqrt{s} in the high p_z and high p_T limits respectively. So Some surface is found in the phase space of produced pi-mesons in the inclusive reaction anti p p -> pi+- X at 22.4 GeV/c, which separates two groups of particles with significantly different characteristics. In one of these regions a naive statistical model seems to be in a good agreement with data, whereas it fails in the second region. Key words: Light front, inclusive, hadron-hadron, electron-positron, relativistic heavy ions, deep inelastic.

  2. Nucleon Resonance Electrocouplings from the CLAS Meson Electroproduction Data.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inna Aznauryan, Volker Burkert, Viktor Mokeev

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transition helicity amplitudes {gamma}{sub {nu}}NN* (electrocouplings) were determined for prominent excited proton states with masses less than 1.8 GeV in independent analyses of major meson electroproduction channels: {pi}{sup +}n, {pi}{sup 0}p and {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}p. Consistent results on resonance electrocouplings obtained from analyses of these exclusive reactions with very different non-resonant contributions demonstrated reliable extraction of these fundamental quantities for states that have significant decays for either N{pi} or N{pi}{pi} channels. Preliminary results on electrocouplings of N* states with masses above 1.6 GeV have become available from the CLAS data on {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}p electroproduction off protons for the first time. Comparison with quark models and coupled channel approaches strongly suggest that N* structure is determined by contributions from an internal core of three constituent quarks and an external meson-baryon cloud at the distance scales covered in measurements with the CLAS detector.

  3. Deficiencies of Lighting Codes and Ordinances in Controlling Light Pollution from Parking Lot Lighting Installations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal, Emily

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this research was to identify the main causes of light pollution from parking lot electric lighting installations and highlight the deficiencies of lighting ordinances in preventing light pollution. Using an industry-accepted lighting...

  4. OpenGL Lighting 13. OpenGL Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDowell, Perry

    OpenGL Lighting 13. OpenGL Lighting · Overview of Lighting in OpenGL In order for lighting to have an effect in OpenGL, two things are required: A light An object to be lit Lights can be set to any color determine how they reflect the light which hits them. The color(s) of an object is determined

  5. Adaptive Street Lighting Controls

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This two-part DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components. In Part I, presenters Amy Olay of the City of...

  6. Sandia National Laboratories: Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lighting Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC On November 11, 2010, in Welcome History of Incandescence History of LEDs Grand Challenges Our EFRC SSLS-EFRC Contacts News Publications...

  7. Light emitting device comprising phosphorescent materials for white light generation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thompson, Mark E.; Dapkus, P. Daniel

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to phosphors for energy downconversion of high energy light to generate a broadband light spectrum, which emit light of different emission wavelengths.

  8. Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting Host: Francis Rubinstein Demand Response Research Center demand responsive lighting systems ­ Importance of dimming ­ New wireless controls technologies · Advanced Demand Responsive Lighting (commenced March 2007) #12;Objectives · Provide up-to-date information

  9. Light Rail Transit Strengthening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Light Rail Transit Improving mobility Easing congestion Strengthening our communities Central Corridor Communicating to the Public During Major Construction May 25, 2011 #12;2 Light Rail Transit;Light Rail Transit Central Corridor Route and Stations 3 · 18 new stations · 9.8 miles of new double

  10. Azimuthal Anisotropy of $?$ and $?^{0}$ Mesons in Heavy-Ion Collisions at 2 AGeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Taranenko; A. Kugler; R. Pleskac; P. Tlusty; V. Wagner; H. Lohner; R. W. Ostendorf; R. H. Siemssen; P. H. Vogt; H. W. Wilschut; R. Averbeck; S. Hlavac; R. Holzmann; A. Schubert; R. S. Simon; R. Stratmann; F. Wissmann; Y. Charbonnier; G. Martinez; Y. Schutz; J. Diaz; A. Marin; A. Doppenschmidt; M. Appenheimer; V. Hejny; V. Metag; R. Novotny; H. Stroher; J. Weiss; A. R. Wolf; M. Wolf; TAPS Collaboration

    1999-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Azimuthal distributions of $\\eta$ and $\\pi^{0}$ mesons emitted at midrapidity in collisions of 1.9 AGeV $^{58}$Ni+$^{58}$Ni and 2 AGeV $^{40}$Ca+$^{nat}$Ca are studied as a function of the number of projectile-like spectator nucleons. The observed anisotropy corresponds to a negative elliptic flow signal for $\\eta$ mesons, indicating a preferred emission perpendicular to the reaction plane. The effect is smallest in peripheral Ni+Ni collisions. In contrast, for $\\pi^{0}$ mesons, elliptic flow is observed only in peripheral Ni+Ni collisions, changing from positive to negative sign with increasing pion transverse momentum.

  11. Staggered fermions, zero modes, and flavor-singlet mesons

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Donald, Gordon C.; Davies, Christine T.H.; Follana, Eduardo; Kronfeld, Andreas S.

    2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the taste structure of eigenvectors of the staggered-fermion Dirac operator. We derive a set of conditions on the eigenvectors of modes with small eigenvalues (near-zero modes), such that staggered fermions reproduce the t Hooft vertex in the continuum limit. We also show that, assuming these conditions, the correlators of flavor-singlet mesons are free of contributions singular in 1/m, where m is the quark mass. This conclusion holds also when a single flavor of sea quark is represented by the fourth root of the staggered-fermion determinant. We then test numerically, using the HISQ action, whether these conditions hold on realistic lattice gauge fields. We find that the needed structure does indeed emerge.

  12. Staggered fermions, zero modes, and flavor-singlet mesons

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Donald, Gordon C; Davies, Christine T.H.; Follana, Eduardo; Kronfeld, Andreas S.

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the taste structure of eigenvectors of the staggered-fermion Dirac operator. We derive a set of conditions on the eigenvectors of modes with small eigenvalues (near-zero modes), such that staggered fermions reproduce the 't Hooft vertex in the continuum limit. We also show that, assuming these conditions, the correlators of flavor-singlet mesons are free of contributions singular in 1/m, where m is the quark mass. This conclusion holds also when a single flavor of sea quark is represented by the fourth root of the staggered-fermion determinant. We then test numerically, using the HISQ action, whether these conditions hold onmore »realistic lattice gauge fields. We find that the needed structure does indeed emerge.« less

  13. Measurement of baryon production in B-meson decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.

    1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are B(B~pX) = ( 8.0+0.5+0.3 )%, B(B—+ AX) = ( 3.8+0.4%0.6)%, and B(B~:- X)=(0.27+0.05+0.04)%. From these rates and studies of baryon-lepton and baryon- antibaryon correlations in B decays, we have estimated the branching fraction B(B—+A, X) to be (6.4...+0.8+0.8)%. Combining these results, we calculate B ( A,+ ~pE ~+ ) to be (4.3+1.0+0.8)%. PACS number(s): 13.25.+ rn, 14.40.Jz I. INTRODUCTION Since B mesons can decay into final states with charmed or noncharmed baryons, they offer a unique lab- oratory for the study...

  14. Search for rare charm meson decays at FNAL E791

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. J. Summers

    2003-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results of a blind search for flavor-changing neutral current (FCNC), lepton-flavor violating, and lepton-number violating decays of D{sup +}, D{sub s}{sup +}, and D{sup 0} mesons (and their antiparticles) into 2-, 3-, and 4-body states including a lepton pair. Such decays may involve Flavor-Changing Neutral Currents, Leptoquarks, Horizontal Gauge Bosons, or Majorana Neutrinos. No evidence for any of these decays is found. Therefore, we present 90% confidence level branching-fraction upper limits, typically at the 10{sup -4} level. A total of 51 decay channels have been examined; 26 have not been previously reported and 18 are significant improvements over previous results.

  15. A study of charm meson in heavy collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di, Tiegang

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that are relevant to charm meson scattering by kaons are given by +prcrc &, nn &rr nn, &rrn*n. igp (Kpy B K ? B Kpy K), igpn n (D p" B?D ? O?D p" D), igrrnn -(DO?K ? O?DK)D, * "+ H. c. , igrrn-n, (KD*POPD?+ ? B?KD*PD, +) + H. c. , CpK" rr ig~ - -(K'up"0?IP..., p K*'0up'K"a+ 0?K?*puK*") p H. c. , Crr-nn, = igrr" nn, K*u(0uDD. + ? D0uD +) + H. c. , Crr. n. n, - = 'igrr n. n, -[(K*u0 D" ? 0 K""D*")D, ?'+ +K*u(0uD, '+'D' ? D, * 0uD*") p(0"K'"D, ?"" ? K"0" D??'+)D?'] + H. c. , Crrun" n, = grrun n, Kp...

  16. Meson mass splittings in unquenched quark models (EEF70)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. J. Burns

    2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    General results are obtained for meson mass splittings and mixings in unquenched (coupled-channel) quark models. Theorems derived previously in perturbation theory are generalised to the full coupled-channel system. A new formula is obtained for the mass splittings of physical states in terms of the splittings of the valence states. The S-wave hyperfine splitting decreases due to unquenching, but its relation to the vector $e^+e^-$ width is unchanged; this yields a prediction for the missing $\\eta_b(3S)$. The ordinary (quenched) quark model result that the P-wave hyperfine splitting vanishes also survives unquenching. A ratio of mass splittings used to discriminate quarkonium potential models is scarcely affected by unquenching.

  17. Evidence for new charm mesons near 1800 MeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, J.C. (600 Arbol Verde, Carpinteria, California (USA))

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A review of {ital X}{sup +}{r arrow}{phi}{pi}{sup +} events from {ital e}{sup +}{ital e{minus}} annihilation, photoproduction, and hadroproduc- tion, and of events in the related decay channels {ital {bar K}} {sup *0}{ital K+} and nonresonant {ital K}{sup +}{ital K{minus}}{pi}{sup +} from photoproduction and hadroproduction, provides evidence for a charged particle near 1800 MeV. A review of {ital X}{sup 0}{r arrow}{ital K}{sup {minus}}{pi}{sup +} events from {ital e}{sup +}{ital e{minus}} annihilation and photoproduction provides evidence for a neutral particle near 1785 MeV. The signal widths are comparable with the spectrometer resolutions. More significantly, both particles have been observed at secondary vertices in lifetime experiments, suggesting that their lifetimes are comparable with charm lifetimes. It is hypothesized that they may be strongly bound composite charm mesons.

  18. Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes for lighting applications by sand-blasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes for lighting applications by sand@ust.hk Abstract: Light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by scattering the light is one of the effective methods for large-area lighting applications. In this paper, we present a very simple and cost

  19. Photonic crystal light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fleming, James G. (Albuquerque, NM); Lin, Shawn-Yu (Albuquerque, NM); Bur, James A. (Corrales, NM)

    2004-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A light source is provided by a photonic crystal having an enhanced photonic density-of-states over a band of frequencies and wherein at least one of the dielectric materials of the photonic crystal has a complex dielectric constant, thereby producing enhanced light emission at the band of frequencies when the photonic crystal is heated. The dielectric material can be a metal, such as tungsten. The spectral properties of the light source can be easily tuned by modification of the photonic crystal structure and materials. The photonic crystal light source can be heated electrically or other heating means. The light source can further include additional photonic crystals that exhibit enhanced light emission at a different band of frequencies to provide for color mixing. The photonic crystal light source may have applications in optical telecommunications, information displays, energy conversion, sensors, and other optical applications.

  20. Heavy-light decay constants---MILC results with the Wilson action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MILC Collaboration; Claude Bernard; Tom Blum; Thomas A. DeGrand; Carleton DeTar; Steven Gottlieb; Urs M. Heller; Jim Hetrick; Craig McNeile; Kari Rummukainen; A. Soni; Bob Sugar; Doug Toussaint; Matthew Wingate

    1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the current status of our ongoing calculations of pseudoscalar meson decay constants for mesons that contain one light and one heavy quark (f_B, f_{B_s}, f_D, f_{D_s}). We are currently generating new gauge configurations that include dynamical quarks and calculating the decay constants. In addition, we have several new results for the static approximation. Those results, as well as several refinements to the analysis, are new since Lattice '96. Our current (still preliminary) value for f_B is 156 +- 11 +- 30 +- 14 MeV, where the first error is from statistical and fitting errors, the second error is an estimate of other systematic errors within the quenched approximation and the third error is an estimate of the quenching error. For the ratio f_{B_s}/f_B, we get 1.11 +- 0.02 +- 0.03 +- 0.07.

  1. Lattice computation of the decay constants of {ital B} and {ital D} mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernard, C.W. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Labrenz, J.N. [Department of Physics FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Soni, A. [Department of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lattice calculation of the pseudoscalar decay constant of heavy-light mesons is reported. Results are obtained (in the quenched approximation) from lattices at {beta}=6.3 through a procedure that interpolates between the static approximation of Eichten and the conventional (``heavy`` Wilson fermion) method. The previously observed discrepancy between these two approaches has been resolved: we find the scaling quantity {ital f} {radical}M to be significantly smaller than previous calculations had indicated (e.g., at {beta}=6.0); in addition, we discuss a modification which is required in normalizing the conventional amplitude to correct for large-{ital am} lattice errors. This change guarantees that {ital f} {radical}M will smoothly approach its value in the static limit. From the numerical interpolation of the static and intermediate-mass results, we find, in units of MeV, {ital f}{sub {ital B}}=187(10){plus_minus}34{plus_minus}15, {ital f}{sub {ital B}{ital s}}=207(9){plus_minus}34{plus_minus}22, {ital f}{sub {ital D}}=208(9){plus_minus}35{plus_minus}12, and {ital f}{sub {ital D}{ital s}}=230(7){plus_minus}30{plus_minus}18, where the first error is statistical and the second two are estimates of systematics due to (1) fitting and large-{ital am} effects and (2) scaling. The ratios are better determined: {ital f}{sub {ital D}}/{ital f}{sub {ital D}{ital s}}, {ital f}{sub {ital B}}/{ital f}{sub {ital B}{ital s}}, {ital f}{sub {ital B}}/{ital f}{sub {ital D}}, and {ital f}{sub {ital B}{ital s}}/{ital f}{sub {ital D}{ital s}} are all 0.90 within a total error of less than 0.05.

  2. Foundations and Light Compass Foundations and Light Compass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Jennifer L.

    Foundations and Light Compass Case Study Foundations and Light Compass Case Study Jennifer L. WongQuantitative Sensor--centric Designcentric Design Light CompassLight Compass ­­ Models and Abstractions Contaminant Transport Marine Microorganisms Ecosystems, Biocomplexity What is a Light Compass?What is a Light

  3. Lighting and Surfaces 11.1 Introduction to Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, John P.

    Chapter 11 Lighting and Surfaces 11.1 Introduction to Lighting Three-dimensional surfaces can react to light, and how computer graphics simulates this. There are three species of light (or "illumination models"): 1. Intrinsic (self-emitting) 2. Ambient light (sometimes called "diffuse light") 3

  4. Dynamical coupled-channels study of meson production reactions from EBACatJLab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamano, Hiroyuki [Excited Baryon Analysis Center (EBAC), Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)

    2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the current status of a combined and simultaneous analysis of meson production reactions based on a dynamical coupled-channels (DCC) model, which is conducted at Excited Baryon Analysis Center (EBAC) of Jefferson Lab.

  5. Extraction of nucleon resonances from global analysis of meson production reactions at EBAC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamano, Hiroyuki [Excited Baryon Analysis Center, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the current status of exploring the dynamical aspect of the excited nucleon states through the comprehensive coupled-channels analysis of meson production reactions at the Excited Baryon Analysis Center of Jefferson Lab.

  6. Limits on flavor changing neutral currents in D-0 meson Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the CLEO II detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have searched for flavor changing neutral currents and lepton family number violations in D-0 meson decays. The upper limits on the branching fractions ...

  7. Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project Summaries ELEMENT 2: ADVANCE LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES PROJECT 2.1 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED light emitting diodes (LED) technology for general lighting applications by developing a task lamp

  8. Dynamical Coupled-Channel Model of Meson Production Reactions in the Nucleon Resonance Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    T.-S. H. Lee; A. Matsuyama; T. Sato

    2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A dynamical coupled-channel model is presented for investigating the nucleon resonances (N*) in the meson production reactions induced by pions and photons. Our objective is to extract the N* parameters and to investigate the meson production reaction mechanisms for mapping out the quark-gluon substructure of N* from the data. The model is based on an energy-independent Hamiltonian which is derived from a set of Lagrangians by using a unitary transformation method.

  9. Light-front holographic QCD and emerging confinement

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; de Téramond, Guy F.; Dosch, Hans Günter; Erlich, Joshua

    2015-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. Themore »light-front holographic methods described here give a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS space in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound-states in physical spacetime. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large q 2 the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low q 2 the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.« less

  10. Light-Front Holographic QCD and Emerging Confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanley J. Brodsky; Guy F. de Teramond; Hans Gunter Dosch; Joshua Erlich

    2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. The light-front holographic methods described here gives a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound states in physical space-time. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large $q^2$ the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low $q^2$ the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.

  11. Light-front holographic QCD and emerging confinement

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Brodsky, Stanley J. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford, CA (United States); de Téramond, Guy F. [Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, (Costa Rica); Dosch, Hans Günter [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Heidelberg (Germany); Erlich, Joshua [College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)

    2015-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report we explore the remarkable connections between light-front dynamics, its holographic mapping to gravity in a higher-dimensional anti-de Sitter (AdS) space, and conformal quantum mechanics. This approach provides new insights into the origin of a fundamental mass scale and the physics underlying confinement dynamics in QCD in the limit of massless quarks. The result is a relativistic light-front wave equation for arbitrary spin with an effective confinement potential derived from a conformal action and its embedding in AdS space. This equation allows for the computation of essential features of hadron spectra in terms of a single scale. The light-front holographic methods described here give a precise interpretation of holographic variables and quantities in AdS space in terms of light-front variables and quantum numbers. This leads to a relation between the AdS wave functions and the boost-invariant light-front wave functions describing the internal structure of hadronic bound-states in physical spacetime. The pion is massless in the chiral limit and the excitation spectra of relativistic light-quark meson and baryon bound states lie on linear Regge trajectories with identical slopes in the radial and orbital quantum numbers. In the light-front holographic approach described here currents are expressed as an infinite sum of poles, and form factors as a product of poles. At large q 2 the form factor incorporates the correct power-law fall-off for hard scattering independent of the specific dynamics and is dictated by the twist. At low q 2 the form factor leads to vector dominance. The approach is also extended to include small quark masses. We briefly review in this report other holographic approaches to QCD, in particular top-down and bottom-up models based on chiral symmetry breaking. We also include a discussion of open problems and future applications.

  12. High efficiency incandescent lighting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bermel, Peter; Ilic, Ognjen; Chan, Walker R.; Musabeyoglu, Ahmet; Cukierman, Aviv Ruben; Harradon, Michael Robert; Celanovic, Ivan; Soljacic, Marin

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Incandescent lighting structure. The structure includes a thermal emitter that can, but does not have to, include a first photonic crystal on its surface to tailor thermal emission coupled to, in a high-view-factor geometry, a second photonic filter selected to reflect infrared radiation back to the emitter while passing visible light. This structure is highly efficient as compared to standard incandescent light bulbs.

  13. National Synchrotron Light Source

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    BNL

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), hosted by Associate Laboratory Director for Light Sources, Stephen Dierker. The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviolet, and x-ray light for basic and applied research in physics, chemistry, medicine, geophysics, environmental, and materials sciences.

  14. LED Lighting Retrofit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw-Meadow, N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ? Municipal Street Lighting Consortium ? American Public Power Association (APPA) ? Demonstration in Energy Efficiency Development (DEED) ? Source of funding and database of completed LED roadway projects 6 Rules of the Road ESL-KT-11-11-57 CATEE 2011..., 2011 ? 9 Solar-Assisted LED Case Study LaQuinta Hotel, Cedar Park, Texas ? Utilizes 18 - ActiveLED Solar-Assisted Parking Lot Lights ? Utilizes ?power management? to extend battery life while handling light output ? Reduces load which reduces PV...

  15. Edmund G. Brown Jr. LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmund G. Brown Jr. Governor LIGHTING CALIFORNIA'S FUTURE: SMART LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE LIGHTING's Future: Smart LightEmitting Diode Lighting in Residential Fans. California Energy Commission, PIER

  16. Comparing Light Bulbs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this exercise, students will use a light to demonstrate the difference between being energy-efficient and energy-wasteful, and learn what energy efficiency means.

  17. Total Light Management

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers total light management, and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Providence, Rhode Island.

  18. Lighting Technology Panel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers the Lighting Technology Panel for the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting, held on November 18-19, 2009. 

  19. Hybrid Solar Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maxey, L Curt [ORNL

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hybrid solar lighting systems focus highly concentrated sunlight into a fiber optic bundle to provide sunlight in rooms without windows or conventional skylights.

  20. Solid-State Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    into the market. On the market side, DOE works closely with drivers, heat sinks, and optics. LEDs must be carefully energy efficiency program partners, lighting professionals,...

  1. Study of B Meson Decays to ppbarh Final States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hryn'ova, Tetiana B.; /SLAC

    2006-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    B mesons are unique among well-established non-quarkonium mesons in their ability to decay into baryons. Baryonic B decays offer a wide range of interesting areas of study: they can be used to test our theoretical understanding of rare decay processes involving baryons, search for direct CP violation and study low-energy QCD. This thesis presents measurements of branching fractions and a study of the decay dynamics of the charmless three-body decays of B meson into p{bar p}h final states, where h = {pi}{sup +}, K{sup +}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0} or K*{sup +}. With a sample of 232 million {Upsilon}(4S) {yields} B{bar B} events collected with the BaBar detector, we report the first observation of the B {yields} p{bar p}K*{sup 0} decay, and provide improved measurements of branching fractions of the other modes. The distribution of the three final-state particles is of particular interest since it provides dynamical information on the possible presence of exotic intermediate states such as the hypothetical pentaquark states {Theta}*{sup ++} and {Theta}{sup +}in the m{sub pK{sup +}} and m{sub pK{sub S}{sup 0}} spectra, respectively, or glueball states (such as the tensor glueball f{sub J}(2220)) in the m{sub p{bar p}} spectrum. No evidence for exotic states is found and upper limits on the branching fractions are set. An enhancement at low p{bar p} mass is observed in all the B {yields} p{bar p}h modes, and its shape is compared between the decay modes and with the shape of the time-like proton form factor. A Dalitz plot asymmetry in B {yields} p{bar p}K{sup +} mode suggests dominance of the penguin amplitude in this decay and disfavors the possibility that the low mass p{bar p} enhancement originates from the presence of a resonance below threshold (such as the recently seen baryonium candidate at 1835 MeV/c{sup 2}). We also identify decays of the type B {yields} X{sub c{bar c}}h {yields} p{bar p}h, where h = K{sup +}, K{sub S}{sup 0}, K*{sup 0} or K*{sup +}, and X{sub c{bar c}} = {eta}{sub c} or J/{psi}. In particular, we report on the evidence of the B {yields} {eta}{sub c}K*{sup +} decay and provide a measurement of the width of {eta}{sub c}.

  2. Studies of the $\\eta$ meson with WASA at COSY and KLOE-2 at DA$\\Phi$NE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moskal, P

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the basic motivations of the KLOE-2 and WASA-at-COSY experiments is the test of fundamental symmetries and the search for phenomena beyond the Standard Model in the hadronic and leptonic decays of ground-state mesons and in particular in decays of the $\\eta$ meson. At COSY these mesons are produced in collisions of proton or deuteron beam with hydrogen or deuterium pellet target, and at DA$\\Phi$NE $\\eta$ mesons originate from radiative decays of $\\phi$ meson or from the fusion of virtual gamma quanta exchanged between colliding electrons and positrons. This contribution includes brief description of experimental techniques used by KLOE-2 and WASA-at-COSY as well as some of physics aspects motivating investigations of production and decays of $\\eta$ mesons.

  3. Light baryon spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crede, Volker [Florida State University, Department of Physics, Tallahassee, FL (United States)

    2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectrum of excited baryons serves as an excellent probe of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). In particular, highly-excited baryon resonances are sensitive to the details of quark confinement which is only poorly understood within QCD. Facilities worldwide such as Jefferson Lab, ELSA, and MAMI, which study the systematics of hadron spectra in photo- and electroproduction experiments, have accumulated a large amount of data in recent years including unpolarized cross section and polarization data for a large variety of meson-production reactions. These are important steps toward complete experiments that will allow us to unambiguously determine the scattering amplitude in the underlying reactions and to identify the broad and overlapping baryon resonance contributions. Several new nucleon resonances have been proposed and changes to the baryon listing in the 2012 Review of Particle Physics reflect the progress in the field.

  4. Reducing home lighting expenses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aimone, M.A.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ways to reduce lighting expenses are summarized. These include: turning off lights when not in use; keeping fixtures and lamps clean; replacing lamps with more efficient types; using three-way bulbs; use of daylighting; buying fewer lamps and reducing lamp wattage; consider repainting rooms; replacing recessed fixtures with tracklighting; and using efficient lamps for outdoor use. (MCW)

  5. Explosively pumped laser light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM); Michelotti, Roy A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A single shot laser pumped by detonation of an explosive in a shell casing. The shock wave from detonation of the explosive causes a rare gas to luminesce. The high intensity light from the gas enters a lasing medium, which thereafter outputs a pulse of laser light to disable optical sensors and personnel.

  6. Light intensity compressor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rushford, Michael C. (Livermore, CA)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a system for recording images having vastly differing light intensities over the face of the image, a light intensity compressor is provided that utilizes the properties of twisted nematic liquid crystals to compress the image intensity. A photoconductor or photodiode material that is responsive to the wavelength of radiation being recorded is placed adjacent a layer of twisted nematic liquid crystal material. An electric potential applied to a pair of electrodes that are disposed outside of the liquid crystal/photoconductor arrangement to provide an electric field in the vicinity of the liquid crystal material. The electrodes are substantially transparent to the form of radiation being recorded. A pair of crossed polarizers are provided on opposite sides of the liquid crystal. The front polarizer linearly polarizes the light, while the back polarizer cooperates with the front polarizer and the liquid crystal material to compress the intensity of a viewed scene. Light incident upon the intensity compressor activates the photoconductor in proportion to the intensity of the light, thereby varying the field applied to the liquid crystal. The increased field causes the liquid crystal to have less of a twisting effect on the incident linearly polarized light, which will cause an increased percentage of the light to be absorbed by the back polarizer. The intensity of an image may be compressed by forming an image on the light intensity compressor.

  7. From hard exclusive meson electroproduction to deeply virtual Compton scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Kroll; Hervé Moutarde; Franck Sabatié

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We systematically evaluate observables for hard exclusive electroproduction of real photons and compare them to experiment using a set of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) whose parameters are constrained by Deeply Virtual Meson Production data, nucleon form factors and parton distributions. The Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering amplitudes are calculated to leading-twist accuracy and leading order in QCD perturbation theory while the leptonic tensor is treated exactly, without any approximation. This study constitutes a check of the universality of the GPDs. We summarize all relevant details on the parametrizations of the GPDs and describe its use in the handbag approach of the aforementioned hard scattering processes. We observe a good agreement between predictions and measurements of deeply virtual Compton scattering on a wide kinematic range, including most data from H1, ZEUS, HERMES, Hall A and CLAS collaborations for unpolarized and polarized targets when available. We also give predictions relevant for future experiments at COMPASS and JLab after the 12 GeV upgrade.

  8. Nuclear mass form factors from coherent photoproduction of $?^0$ mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Krusche

    2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data for coherent photoproduction of $\\pi^0$ mesons from nuclei ($^{12}$C, $^{40}$Ca, $^{93}$Nb, $^{nat}$Pb), recently measured with the TAPS detector at the Mainz MAMI accelerator, have been analyzed in view of the mass form factors of the nuclei. The form factors have been extracted in plane wave approximation of the $A(\\gamma ,\\pi^0)A$ reaction and corrected for final state interaction effects with the help of distorted wave impulse approximations. Nuclear mass rms-radii have been calculated from the slope of the form factors for $q^2\\to 0$. Furthermore, the Helm model (hard sphere form factor folded with Gaussian) was used to extract diffraction radii from the zeroes of the form factor and skin thicknesses from the position and height of its first maximum. The diffraction radii from the Helm model agree with the corresponding charge radii obtained from electron scattering experiments within their uncertainties of a few per cent. The rms-radii from the slope of the form factors are systematically lower by up to 5% for PWIA and up to 10% for DWIA. Also the skin thicknesses extracted from the Helm model are systematically smaller than their charge counter parts.

  9. Experimental study of $?$ meson photoproduction reaction at MAMI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. L. Kashevarov; the A2 Collaboration at MAMI

    2015-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    New data for the differential cross sections, polarization observables $T$, $F$, and $E$ in the reaction of $\\eta$ photoproduction on proton from the threshold up to a center-of-mass energy of W=1.9 GeV are presented. The data were obtained with the Crystal-Ball/TAPS detector setup at the Glasgow tagged photon facility of the Mainz Microtron MAMI. The polarization measurements were made using a frozen-spin butanol target and circularly polarized photon beam. The results are compared to existing experimental data and different PWA predictions. The data solve a long-standing problem related the angular dependence of older $T$ data close to threshold. The unexpected relative phase motion between $s$- and $d$-wave amplitudes required by the old data is not confirmed. At higher energies, all model predictions fail to reproduce the new polarization data indicating a significant impact on our understanding of the underlying dynamics of $\\eta$ meson photoproduction. Furthermore, we present a fit of the new data and existing data from GRAAL for $\\Sigma$ asymmetry based on an expansion in terms of associated Legendre polynomials. A Legendre decomposition shows the sensitivity to small partial-wave contributions. The sensitivity of the Legendre coefficients to the nucleon resonance parameters is shown using the $\\eta$MAID isobar model.

  10. Search for T violation in charm meson decays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Link, J.M.; Yager, P.M.; /UC, Davis; Anjos, J.C.; Bediaga, I.; Castromonte, C.; Machado, A.A.; Magnin, J.; Massafferri, A.; de Miranda, J.M.; Pepe, I.M.; Polycarpo, E.; dos Reis, A.C.; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Carrillo, S.; Casimiro, E.; Cuautle, E.; Sanchez-Hernandez, A.; Uribe, C.; Vazquez, F.; /CINVESTAV, IPN; Agostino, L.; Cinquini, L.; Cumalat,; /Colorado U. /Fermilab /Frascati /Guanajuato U. /Illinois U., Urbana /Indiana U. /Korea U. /Kyungpook Natl. U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /North Carolina U. /Pavia U. /INFN,

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment, they have searched for T violation in charm meson decays using the four-body decay channels D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup -}K{sup +} {pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}, D{sup +} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}, and D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}. The T violation asymmetry is obtained using triple-product correlations and assuming the validity of the CPT theorem. They find the asymmetry values to be A{sub T{sub viol}}(D{sup 0}) = 0.010 {+-} 0.057(stat.) {+-} 0.037(syst.), A{sub T{sub viol}}(D{sup +}) = 0.023 {+-} 0.062(stat.) {+-} 0.022(syst.), and A{sub T{sub viol}}(D{sub s}{sup +}) = -0.036 {+-} 0.067(stat.) {+-} 0.023(syst.). Each measurement is consistent with no T violation. New measurements of the CP asymmetries for some of these decay modes are also presented.

  11. Lighting affects appearance LightSource emits photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, David

    1 Lighting affects appearance #12;2 LightSource emits photons Photons travel in a straight line). And then some reach the eye/camera. #12;3 Reflectance Model how objects reflect light. Model light sources Algorithms for computing Shading: computing intensities within polygons Determine what light strikes what

  12. VIRTUAL LIGHT: DIGITALLY-GENERATED LIGHTING FOR VIDEO CONFERENCING APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    VIRTUAL LIGHT: DIGITALLY-GENERATED LIGHTING FOR VIDEO CONFERENCING APPLICATIONS Andrea Basso method to improve the lighting conditions of a real scene or video sequence. In particular we concentrate on modifying real light sources intensities and inserting virtual lights into a real scene viewed from a fixed

  13. Lakeview Light and Power- Commercial Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Lakeview Light and Power offers a commercial lighting rebate program. Rebates apply to the installation of energy efficient lighting retrofits in non-residential buildings. The rebate program is...

  14. Green Light Pulse Oximeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scharf, John Edward (Oldsmar, FL)

    1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A reflectance pulse oximeter that determines oxygen saturation of hemoglobin using two sources of electromagnetic radiation in the green optical region, which provides the maximum reflectance pulsation spectrum. The use of green light allows placement of an oximetry probe at central body sites (e.g., wrist, thigh, abdomen, forehead, scalp, and back). Preferably, the two green light sources alternately emit light at 560 nm and 577 nm, respectively, which gives the biggest difference in hemoglobin extinction coefficients between deoxyhemoglobin, RHb, and oxyhemoglobin, HbO.sub.2.

  15. White light velocity interferometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Erskine, D.J.

    1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

  16. Unified study of $J/?\\to PV$, $P?^{(*)}$ and light hadron radiative processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yun-Hua Chen; Zhi-Hui Guo; Bing-Song Zou

    2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Within the framework of the effective Lagrangian approach, we perform a thorough analysis of the $J/\\psi \\to P\\gamma(\\gamma^*)$, $J/\\psi \\to VP$, $V\\to P\\gamma(\\gamma^*)$, $P\\to V\\gamma(\\gamma^*)$ and $P\\to\\gamma\\gamma(\\gamma^*)$ processes, where $V$ stand for light vector resonances, $P$ stand for light pseudoscalar mesons, and $\\gamma^*$ subsequently decays into lepton pairs. The processes with light pseudoscalar mesons $\\eta$ and $\\eta'$ are paid special attention to and the two-mixing-angle scheme is employed to describe their mixing. The four mixing parameters both in singlet-octet and quark-flavor bases are updated in this work. We confirm that the $J/\\psi \\to \\eta(\\eta^{\\prime})\\gamma^{(*)}$ processes are predominantly dominated by the $J/\\psi\\to \\eta_c \\gamma^{*} \\to \\eta(\\eta^{\\prime})\\gamma^{(*)}$ mechanism. Predictions for the $J/\\psi \\to P \\mu^+\\mu^-$ are presented. A detailed discussion on the interplay between electromagnetic and strong transitions in the $J/\\psi \\to VP$ decays is given.

  17. Exclusive Radiative Higgs Decays as Probes of Light-Quark Yukawa Couplings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koenig, Matthias

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed analysis of the rare exclusive Higgs-boson decays into a single vector meson and a photon and investigate the possibility of using these processes to probe the light-quark Yukawa couplings. We work with an effective Lagrangian with modified Higgs couplings to account for possible new-physics effects in a model-independent way. The h->V\\gamma{} decay rate is governed by the destructive interference of two amplitudes, one of which involves the Higgs coupling to the quark anti-quark pair inside the vector meson. We derive this amplitude at next-to-leading order in \\alpha_s using QCD factorization, including the resummation of large logarithmic corrections and accounting for the effects of flavor mixing. The high factorization scale \\mu~m_h ensures that our results are rather insensitive to poorly known hadronic parameters. The second amplitude arises from the loop-induced effective h\\gamma\\gamma* and h\\gamma Z* couplings, where the off-shell gauge boson converts into the vector meson. We de...

  18. New results on the b^-+c meson at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahaman, M.A.; /Pittsburgh U.

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present recent results on B{sub c}{sup -} meson from the Tevatron. The B{sub c}{sup -} meson has been observed in semileptonic decays, B{sub c}{sup -} {yields} J/{psi}{ell}{sup -} {nu}X, both by CDF and D0 experiments at a significance larger than 5{sigma}. The D0 experiment has used the candidates in B{sub c}{sup -} {yields} J/{psi}{mu}{sup -} {nu}X decay to extract the mass and lifetime of B{sub c}{sup -} meson. The CDF experiment has used both electron and muon channel candidates in B{sub c}{sup -} {yields} J/{psi}{ell}{sup -} {nu}X decays to measure the relative production times branching ratio with respect to B{sup -} {yields} J/{psi}K{sup -} decay and also measured the lifetime of B{sub c}{sup -} meson in electron channel as {tau}(B{sub c}{sup -}) = 0.463{sub -0.055}{sup +0.073} {+-} 0.036 ps. The CDF experiment has also observed B{sub c}{sup -} {yields} J/{psi}{pi}{sup -} decay with a significance exceeding 6.5{sigma} and has measured the mass of B{sub c}{sup -} meson as M(B{sub c}{sup -}) = 6276.5 {+-} 4.0 {+-} 2.7 MeV/c{sup 2}.

  19. Exclusive central diffractive production of scalar and pseudoscalar mesons; tensorial vs. vectorial pomeron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lebiedowicz, Piotr, E-mail: Piotr.Lebiedowicz@ifj.edu.pl [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, PL-31-342 Cracow (Poland); Nachtmann, Otto, E-mail: O.Nachtmann@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Szczurek, Antoni, E-mail: Antoni.Szczurek@ifj.edu.pl [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, PL-31-342 Cracow (Poland); University of Rzeszów, PL-35-959 Rzeszów (Poland)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss consequences of the models of “tensorial pomeron” and “vectorial pomeron” for exclusive diffractive production of scalar and pseudoscalar mesons in proton–proton collisions. Diffractive production of f{sub 0}(980), f{sub 0}(1370), f{sub 0}(1500), ?, and ?{sup ?}(958) mesons is discussed. Different pomeron–pomeron–meson tensorial coupling structures are possible in general. In most cases two lowest orbital angular momentum–spin couplings are necessary to describe experimental differential distributions. For f{sub 0}(980) and ? production reggeon–pomeron, pomeron–reggeon, and reggeon–reggeon exchanges are included in addition, which seems to be necessary at relatively low energies. The theoretical results are compared with the WA102 experimental data. Correlations in azimuthal angle between outgoing protons, distributions in rapidities and transverse momenta of outgoing protons and mesons, in a special “glueball filter variable”, as well as some two-dimensional distributions are presented. We discuss differences between results of the vectorial and tensorial pomeron models. We show that high-energy central production, in particular of pseudoscalar mesons, could provide crucial information on the spin structure of the soft pomeron.

  20. Sandia Energy - (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting: Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the third and upcoming revolution (illumination). Topics cover the basics of light-emitting diode (LED) operation; a 200-year history of lighting technology; the importance of...

  1. Sandia National Laboratories: (Lighting and) Solid-State Lighting...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the third and upcoming revolution (illumination). Topics cover the basics of light-emitting diode (LED) operation; a 200-year history of lighting technology; the importance of...

  2. Columbia Water and Light- HVAC and Lighting Efficiency Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Columbia Water and Light (CWL) offers rebates to its commercial and industrial customers for the purchase of high efficiency HVAC installations and efficient lighting. Incentives for certain...

  3. Reading Municipal Light Department- Business Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Reading Municipal Light Department (RMLD) offers incentives for non-residential customers to install energy efficient lights and sensors in existing facilities. In addition to rebates for the...

  4. Peninsula Light Company- Commercial Efficient Lighting Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Peninsula Light Company (PLC) offers a rebate program for commercial customers who wish to upgrade to energy efficient lighting. Participating customers must be served by PLC commercial service....

  5. Light Duty Combustion Research: Advanced Light-Duty Combustion...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    duty Diesel Combustion Research Advanced Light-Duty Combustion Experiments Paul Miles Sandia National Laboratories Light-Duty Combustion Modeling Rolf Reitz University of Wisconsin...

  6. Efficient Light Sources Today

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, A. L.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews new lamp and lighting technology in terms of application and economic impact. Included are the latest advances in High Intensity Discharge systems, energy saving fluorescent lamps and ballasts, and the new state of the art high...

  7. Natural lighting and skylights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Benjamin Hampton

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    outlined herein, the feasibility of using scale models for studying skylights is also an established fact. The method of analysis by models can be a valuable tool to any designer who is concerned about day-lighting....

  8. National Synchrotron Light Source

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A tour of Brookhaven's National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS). The NSLS is one of the world's most widely used scientific research facilities, hosting more than 2,500 guest researchers each year. The NSLS provides intense beams of infrared, ultraviole

  9. Vector and scalar form factors for K- and D-meson semileptonic decays from twisted mass fermions with Nf = 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Di Vita; B. Haas; F. Mescia; V. Lubicz; S. Simula; C. Tarantino

    2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We present lattice results for the form factors relevant in the K -> pion and D -> pion semileptonic decays, obtained from simulations with two flavors of dynamical twisted-mass fermions and pion masses as light as 260 MeV. For K -> pion decays we discuss the estimates of the main sources of systematic uncertainties, including the quenching of the strange quark, leading to our final result f+(0) = 0.9560 (57) (62). Combined with the latest experimental data, our value of f+(0) implies for the CKM matrix element |Vus| the value 0.2267 (5) (20) consistent with the first-row CKM unitarity. For D -> pion decays the application of Heavy Meson Chiral Perturbation Theory allows to extrapolate our results for both the scalar and the vector form factors at the physical point with quite good accuracy, obtaining a nice agreement with the experimental data. In particular at zero-momentum transfer we obtain f+(0) = 0.64 (5).

  10. Light and Plants Plants use light to photosynthesize. Name two places that light can come from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koptur, Suzanne

    Light and Plants Plants use light to photosynthesize. Name two places that light can come from: 1 (CO2, a gas) from the air and turn it into SUGARS (food). This process is powered by energy from light plants) for energy. Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) is a combination of red light and blue

  11. Light and Energy -Daylight measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Light and Energy - Daylight measurements #12;Light and Energy - Daylight measurements Authors: Jens;3 Title Light and Energy Subtitle Daylight measurements Authors Jens Christoffersen, Ásta Logadóttir ........................................................................................................ 5 Daylight quantity

  12. Light as a Healing Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lingampalli, Nithya

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S. (1991). Meridians conduct light. Moskow: Raum and Zeit.the bod’ys absorption of light. Explore, 9(2), doi: https://01). The healing use of light and color. Health Care Design

  13. Solid state lighting component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yuan, Thomas; Keller, Bernd; Ibbetson, James; Tarsa, Eric; Negley, Gerald

    2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    An LED component comprising an array of LED chips mounted on a planar surface of a submount with the LED chips capable of emitting light in response to an electrical signal. The LED chips comprise respective groups emitting at different colors of light, with each of the groups interconnected in a series circuit. A lens is included over the LED chips. Other embodiments can comprise thermal spreading structures included integral to the submount and arranged to dissipate heat from the LED chips.

  14. Solid state lighting component

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Keller, Bernd; Ibbetson, James; Tarsa, Eric; Negley, Gerald; Yuan, Thomas

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    An LED component comprising an array of LED chips mounted on a planar surface of a submount with the LED chips capable of emitting light in response to an electrical signal. The LED chips comprise respective groups emitting at different colors of light, with each of the groups interconnected in a series circuit. A lens is included over the LED chips. Other embodiments can comprise thermal spreading structures included integral to the submount and arranged to dissipate heat from the LED chips.

  15. July 18, 2012 Using QECBs for Street Lighting Upgrades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    lighting technologies (e.g. light-emitting diodes, induction lighting) can reduce street light energy

  16. D-sJ(2317) meson production in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions RID A-2398-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, L. W.; Ko, Che Ming; Liu, W.; Nielsen, M.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Production of D-sJ(2317) mesons in relativistic heavy ion collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider is studied. Using the quark coalescence model, we first determine the initial number of D-sJ(2317) mesons produced during hadronization...

  17. Scaling behavior in exclusive meson photoproduction from Jefferson Lab at large momentum transfers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dey, Biplab [University of Zurich

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the availability of new high-statistics and wide-angle measurements for several exclusive non-?N meson photoproduction channels from Jefferson Lab, we examine the fundamental scaling law of 90° scattering in QCD that was originally derived in the high-energy perturbative limit. The data show scaling to be prominently visible even in the medium-energy domain of 2.5 GeV ?s??2.84??GeV, where s? is the center-of-mass energy. While constituent quark exchange suffices for pseudoscalar mesons, additional gluon exchanges from higher Fock states of the hadronic wave functions appear be needed for vector-meson production. The case of the ?(1020), where two-gluon exchanges are known to dominate, is especially illuminating.

  18. Nambu's Nobel Prize, the $?$ meson and the mass of visible matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Schumacher

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The electroweak Higgs boson has been discovered in ongoing experiments at the LHC, leading to a mass of this particle of 126 GeV. This Higgs boson mediates the generation of mass for elementary particles, including the mass of elementary (current) quarks. These current-quark masses leave 98% of the mass of the atom unexplained. This large fraction is mediated by strong interaction, where instead of the Higgs boson the $\\sigma$ meson is the mediating particle. Though already discovered in 1957 by Schwinger, the $\\sigma$ meson has been integrated out in many theories of hadron properties because it had not been observed and was doubted to exist. With the observation of the $\\sigma$ meson in recent experiments on Compton scattering by the nucleon at MAMI (Mainz) it has become timely to review the status of experimental and theoretical researches on this topic.

  19. Nonleptonic Weak Decays of B to D_s and D mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. E. Thomas

    2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Branching ratios and polarization amplitudes for B decaying to all allowed pseudoscalar, vector, axial-vector, scalar and tensor combinations of D_s and D mesons are calculated in the Isgur Scora Grinstein Wise (ISGW) quark model after assuming factorization. We find good agreement with other models in the literature and the limited experimental data and make predictions for as yet unseen decay modes. Lattice QCD results in this area are very limited. We make phenomenological observations on decays in to D_s(2317) and D_s(2460) and propose tests for determining the status and mixings of the axial mesons. We use the same approach to calculate branching ratios and polarization fraction for decays in to two D type mesons.

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: White Light Creation Architectures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Light Creation Architectures White Light Creation Architectures Overview of SSL White Light Creation Architectures The entire spectral range of visible light can be...

  1. Sandia National Laboratories: Lighting Developments to 2030

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ClimateLighting Developments to 2030 Lighting Developments to 2030 videobanner Lighting Technologies, Costs, and Energy Demand: Global Developments to 2030 V iew Slides: Lighting...

  2. Mesons and diquarks in the CFL phase of dense quark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, D

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectrum of meson and diquark excitations of the color--flavor locked (CFL) phase of dense quark matter is considered in the framework of the Nambu -- Jona-Lasinio model. We have found that in this phase all Nambu--Goldstone bosons are realized as scalar and pseudoscalar diquarks. Other diquark excitations are resonances with mass value around 230 MeV. Mesons are stable particles in the CFL phase. Their masses vs chemical potential lie in the interval 300$\\div$500 MeV.

  3. Mesons and diquarks in the CFL phase of dense quark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Ebert; K. G. Klimenko

    2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectrum of meson and diquark excitations of the color--flavor locked (CFL) phase of dense quark matter is considered in the framework of the Nambu -- Jona-Lasinio model. We have found that in this phase all Nambu--Goldstone bosons are realized as scalar and pseudoscalar diquarks. Other diquark excitations are resonances with mass value around 230 MeV. Mesons are stable particles in the CFL phase. Their masses vs chemical potential lie in the interval 300$\\div$500 MeV.

  4. Compton scattering, vector meson photoproduction and the partonic structure of the nucleon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Cano; J. M. Laget

    2001-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    At moderate and large momentum transfer, high energy vector meson photoproduction and Compton scattering can be consistently explained by mechanisms based on interactions and exchanges of constituent quarks and gluons. This opens an original window on the partonic structure of hadronic matter by emphasizing the role of quark correlations, quark exchange as implemented through saturating Regge trajectories and non-perturbative effects in the gluon propagator, which provides us with a bridge with lattice calculations. Compton scattering is directly related to vector meson photoproduction and enlarges the data set.

  5. Determination of the magnetic dipole moment of the rho meson using 4 pion electroproduction data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. García Gudiño; G. Toledo Sánchez

    2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We determine the magnetic dipole moment of the rho meson using preliminary data from the BaBar Collaboration for the $e^+ e^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- 2 \\pi^0$ process, in the center of mass energy range from 0.9 to 2.2 GeV. We describe the $\\gamma^* \\to 4\\pi$ vertex using a vector meson dominance model, including the intermediate resonance contributions relevant at these energies. We find that $\\mu_\\rho = 2.1 \\pm 0.5$ in $e/2 m_\\rho$ units.

  6. Search for Low Mass Exotic mesonic structures. Part I: experimental results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tatischeff; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, several papers discussed on the existence of a low mass new structure at a mass close to M=214.3 MeV. It was suggested that the $\\Sigma^{+}$ disintegration: $\\Sigma^{+}\\to$pP$^{0}$, P$^{0}\\to\\mu^{-}\\mu^{+}$ proceeds through an intermediate particle P$^{0}$ having such mass. The present work intends to look at other new or available data, in order to observe the eventual existence of small narrow peaks or shoulders in very low mesonic masses. Indeed narrow structures were already extracted from various data in dibaryons, baryons and mesons (at larger masses that those studied here).

  7. Meson resonance creation in carbon-carbon interactions at 4.2 AGeV/c

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Picuric, I.; Backovic, S. [Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics University of Montenegro, P. O. Box 211, 81001 Podgorica (Montenegro); Krpic, D. [Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, P. O. Box 368, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results on investigations of the invariant mass distributions and transverse momentum spectra of {rho}0(770) meson in C+C collisions at 4.2 AGeV/c. We used a 2-m propane bubble chamber exposed to beams from the Dubna synchrophasotron. From invariant masses of pion pairs the mass and the width of the rho meson were obtained. The {rho}0/ {pi}- ratio was estimated, as well as, mean transverse momentum < pT >. Average transverse momentum < pT > dependencies of mass of stable particles {pi}- and p and {rho}0 and {delta} resonances have been analyzed and compared with other experiments.

  8. Energy scan by $?$ mesons and threshold energy for the confinement-deconfinement phase transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2010-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that the ratio of $\\phi$ mesons multiplicity over cube of the mean $p_T$ is proportional to the degeneracy of the medium produced in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. The ratio extracted from the existing $\\phi$ meson data in the energy range $\\sqrt{s}$=6.3-200 GeV, indicate that beyond a threshold energy $\\sqrt{s}_{th}=15.74\\pm 8.10$ GeV, the medium crosses over from a confined phase to a deconfined phase.

  9. Interior Light Level Measurements Appendix F -Interior Light Level Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appendix F ­ Interior Light Level Measurements #12;F.1 Appendix F - Interior Light Level. A potential concern is that a lower VT glazing may increase electric lighting use to compensate for lost qualify and quantify a representative loss of daylighting, and therefore electric lighting use

  10. Quasi light fields: extending the light field to coherent radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wornell, Gregory W.

    Quasi light fields: extending the light field to coherent radiation Anthony Accardi1,2 and Gregory light field, and for coherent radiation using electromagnetic field theory. We present a model of coherent image formation that strikes a balance between the utility of the light field

  11. Lighting affects appearance LightSource emits photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, David

    1 Lighting affects appearance #12;2 LightSource emits photons Photons travel in a straight line). And then some reach the eye/camera. #12;3 Basic fact: Light is linear Double intensity of sources, double photons reaching eye. Turn on two lights, and photons reaching eye are same as sum of number when each

  12. Smart Lighting: A Second Wave in Solid State Lighting?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Khaled

    Smart Lighting: A Second Wave in Solid State Lighting? OIDA Conference on Green Photonics Bob Karlicek Director, Smart Lighting Engineering Research Center Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute June 2010 #12;2 Outline · The First Wave of Solid State Lighting · Complex Dynamics in the Supply Chain · What

  13. Sneaky light stop

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Eifert, Till; Nachman, Benjamin

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A light supersymmetric top quark partner (stop) with a mass nearly degenerate with that of the standard model (SM) top quark can evade direct searches. The precise measurement of SM top properties such as the cross-section has been suggested to give a handle for this ‘stealth stop’ scenario. We present an estimate of the potential impact a light stop may have on top quark mass measurements. The results indicate that certain light stop models may induce a bias of up to a few GeV, and that this effect can hide the shift in, and hence sensitivity from, cross-section measurements. Duemore »to the different initial states, the size of the bias is slightly different between the LHC and the Tevatron. The studies make some simplifying assumptions for the top quark measurement technique, and are based on truth-level samples.« less

  14. Pupillary efficient lighting system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berman, Samuel M. (San Francisco, CA); Jewett, Don L. (Mill Valley, CA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lighting system having at least two independent lighting subsystems each with a different ratio of scotopic illumination to photopic illumination. The radiant energy in the visible region of the spectrum of the lighting subsystems can be adjusted relative to each other so that the total scotopic illumination of the combined system and the total photopic illumination of the combined system can be varied independently. The dilation or contraction of the pupil of an eye is controlled by the level of scotopic illumination and because the scotopic and photopic illumination can be separately controlled, the system allows the pupil size to be varied independently of the level of photopic illumination. Hence, the vision process can be improved for a given level of photopic illumination.

  15. Light emitting ceramic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Valentine, Paul; Edwards, Doreen D.; Walker, Jr., William John; Slack, Lyle H.; Brown, Wayne Douglas; Osborne, Cathy; Norton, Michael; Begley, Richard

    2010-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A light-emitting ceramic based panel, hereafter termed "electroceramescent" panel, is herein claimed. The electroceramescent panel is formed on a substrate providing mechanical support as well as serving as the base electrode for the device. One or more semiconductive ceramic layers directly overlay the substrate, and electrical conductivity and ionic diffusion are controlled. Light emitting regions overlay the semiconductive ceramic layers, and said regions consist sequentially of a layer of a ceramic insulation layer and an electroluminescent layer, comprised of doped phosphors or the equivalent. One or more conductive top electrode layers having optically transmissive areas overlay the light emitting regions, and a multi-layered top barrier cover comprising one or more optically transmissive non-combustible insulation layers overlay said top electrode regions.

  16. Light harvesting arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lindsey, Jonathan S. (Raleigh, NC)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A light harvesting array useful for the manufacture of devices such as solar cells comprises: (a) a first substrate comprising a first electrode; and (b) a layer of light harvesting rods electrically coupled to the first electrode, each of the light harvesting rods comprising a polymer of Formula I: X.sup.1.paren open-st.X.sup.m+1).sub.m (I) wherein m is at least 1, and may be from two, three or four to 20 or more; X.sup.1 is a charge separation group (and preferably a porphyrinic macrocycle, which may be one ligand of a double-decker sandwich compound) having an excited-state of energy equal to or lower than that of X.sup.2, and X.sup.2 through X.sup.m+1 are chromophores (and again are preferably porphyrinic macrocycles).

  17. MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.1) #12;SECTION 4 MANDATORY LIGHTING CONTROLS 1. 130.1 (a) Area Controls: Manual controls that control lighting in each area separately 2. 130.1 (b) Multi-level Controls: Allow occupants to choose the appropriate light level for each

  18. MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.1) #12;SECTION 3 MANDATORY LIGHTING CONTROLS 1. 130.1 (a) Area Controls: Manual controls that control lighting in each area separately 2. 130.1 (b) Multi-level Controls: "Dimmability." Allow occupants to choose the appropriate light

  19. MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    MANDATORY MEASURES INDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.1) #12;SECTION 5 MANDATORY LIGHTING CONTROLS 1. Area Controls: Manual controls that control lighting in each area separately 2. Multi-level Controls: Allow occupants to choose the appropriate light level for each area 3. Shut

  20. LIGHTING 101 1. Common terminology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    SECTION 3 LIGHTING 101 1. Common terminology 2. Sources & luminaires 3. Controls #12;SECTION 3SECTION 3 DISCUSSION: COMMON LIGHTING TERMINOLOGY 1. What are the definitions of the following lighting terms? 2. Do you use these terms in professional practice? 3. What other lighting terminology do you use

  1. LIGHTING 101 1. Common terminology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    LIGHTING 101 1. Common terminology 2. Sources and luminaires 3. Controls #12;SECTION 2 DISCUSSION: COMMON LIGHTING TERMINOLOGY 1. What are the definitions of the following lighting terms? 2. Do you use these terms in professional practice? 3. What other lighting terminology do you use on the job? SLIDE 14

  2. Radioluminescent lighting technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The glow-in-the-dark stereotype that characterizes the popular image of nuclear materials is not accidental. When the French scientist, Henri Becquerel, first discovered radioactivity in 1896, he was interested in luminescence. Radioluminescence, the production of light from a mixture of energetic and passive materials, is probably the oldest practical application of the unstable nucleus. Tritium-based radioluminescent lighting, in spite of the biologically favorable character of the gaseous tritium isotope, was included in the general tightening of environmental and safety regulations. Tritium light manufacturers would have to meet two fundamental conditions: (1) The benefit clearly outweighed the risk, to the extent that even the perceived risk of a skeptical public would be overcome. (2) The need was significant enough that the customer/user would be willing and able to afford the cost of regulation that was imposed both in the manufacture, use and eventual disposal of nuclear materials. In 1981, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory were investigating larger radioluminescent applications using byproduct nuclear material such as krypton-85, as well as tritium. By 1982, it appeared that large source, (100 Curies or more) tritium gas tube, lights might be useful for marking runways and drop zones for military operations and perhaps even special civilian aviation applications. The successful development of this idea depended on making the light bright enough and demonstrating that large gas tube sources could be used and maintained safely in the environment. This successful DOE program is now in the process of being completed and closed-out. Working closely with the tritium light industry, State governments and other Federal agencies, the basic program goals have been achieved. This is a detailed report of what they have learned, proven, and discovered. 91 refs., 29 figs., 5 tabs. (JF)

  3. Measurement of Resonance Parameters of Orbitally Excited Narrow B-0 Mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Si

    We report a measurement of resonance parameters of the orbitally excited (L=1) narrow B0 mesons in decays to B(*)+?- using 1.7??fb[superscript -1] of data collected by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The mass ...

  4. Meson Synchrotron Emission from Central Engines of Gamma-Ray Bursts with Strong Magnetic Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akira Tokuhisa; Toshitaka Kajino

    1999-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are presumed to be powered by still unknown central engines for the timescales in the range $1ms \\sim$ a few s. We propose that the GRB central engines would be a viable site for strong meson synchrotron emission if they were the compact astrophysical objects such as neutron stars or rotating black holes with extremely strong magnetic fields $H \\sim10^{12} - 10^{17}G$ and if protons or heavy nuclei were accelerated to ultra-relativistic energies of order $\\sim 10^{12}-10^{22}eV$. We show that the charged scalar mesons like $\\pi^{\\pm}$ and heavy vector mesons like $\\rho$, which have several decay modes onto $\\pi^{\\pm}$, could be emitted with high intensity a thousand times larger than photons through strong couplings to ultra-relativistic nucleons. These meson synchrotron emission processes eventually produce a burst of very high-energy cosmic neutrinos with $10^{12} eV \\leq E_{\

  5. Nuclear Physics A 611 ( 1996) 484-513 Mesonic and binding contributions to the EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

    NUCLEAR PHYSICS A Nuclear Physics A 611 ( 1996) 484-513 Mesonic and binding contributions November 1995; revised 30 July 1996 Abstract We revise the conventional nuclear effects of Fermi motion for an interacting Fermi sea and the local density approximation to translate results from nuclear matter to finite

  6. Search for neutrinoless tau decays involving pi(0) or eta mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have searched for lepton flavor violating decays of the tau lepton using final states with an electron Or a muon and one or two pi(0) or eta mesons but no neutrinos. The data used in the search were collected with the CLEO II detector...

  7. Description of the dip in meson-proton elastic scattering by the Chou-Yang model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellandi F., J.; Covolan, R.J.M.; Menon, M.J.; Pimentel, B.M.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show it is possible to reproduce the correct localization of the dip and bump structure in the meson-proton elastic scattering by using the Chou-Yang model with a modification which consists in expressing the eikonal in momentum-transfer space as the product of the form factors times a function that carries zero.

  8. Lattice QCD study of the scalar mesons a0(1450) and sigma(600)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nilmani Mathur; A. Alexandru; Y. Chen; S.J. Dong; T. Draper; I. Horvath; F.X. Lee; K.F. Liu; S. Tamhankar; J.B. Zhang

    2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the a{sub 0} and {sigma} mesons with the overlap fermion in the chiral regime with the pion mass as low as 182 MeV in the quenched approximation. After the {eta} N ghost states are separated, we find that the a{sub 0} mass with q{bar q} interpolation field to be almost independent of the quark mass in the region below the strange quark mass. The chirally extrapolated results are consistent with a{sub 0}(1450) being the u{bar d} meson and K{sub 0}*(1430) being the u {bar s} meson. We also calculate the scalar mesonium with a tetraquark interpolation field. In addition to the two pion scattering states, we found a state at {approx} 550 MeV. Through the study of volume dependence, we confirm that this state is a one-particle state, in contrast to the two-pion scattering states. This suggests that the observed state is a tetraquark mesonium which is quite possibly the {sigma}(600) meson.

  9. Longitudinal and transverse meson correlators in the deconfined phase from the lattice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aarts, Gert; Allton, Chris; Hands, Simon [Department of Physics, Swansea University, Swansea SA2 8PP (United Kingdom); Foley, Justin [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (United States); Kim, Seyong [Department of Physics, Sejong University, Seoul 143-747 (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

    It has long been known that QCD undergoes a deconfining phase transition at high temperature. One of the consequent features of this new, quark-gluon phase is that hadrons become unbounded. In this talk meson correlation functions at non-zero momentum are studied in the deconfined phase using the Maximum Entropy Method.

  10. D_{s0}^+(2317) as an iso-triplet four-quark meson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunihiko Terasaki

    2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Although assigning D_{s0}^+(2317) to the I_3=0 component of iso-triplet four-quark mesons is favored by experiments, its neutral and doubly charged partners have not yet been observed. It is discussed why they were not observed in inclusive e^+e^- annihilation experiments and that they can be observed in B decays.

  11. Windows and lighting program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 30% of all energy use in buildings is attributable to two sources: windows and lighting. Together they account for annual consumer energy expenditures of more than $50 billion. Each affects not only energy use by other major building systems, but also comfort and productivity -- factors that influence building economics far more than does direct energy consumption alone. Windows play a unique role in the building envelope, physically separating the conditioned space from the world outside without sacrificing vital visual contact. Throughout the indoor environment, lighting systems facilitate a variety of tasks associated with a wide range of visual requirements while defining the luminous qualities of the indoor environment. Windows and lighting are thus essential components of any comprehensive building science program. Despite important achievements in reducing building energy consumption over the past decade, significant additional savings are still possible. These will come from two complementary strategies: (1) improve building designs so that they effectively apply existing technologies and extend the market penetration of these technologies; and (2) develop advanced technologies that increase the savings potential of each application. Both the Windows and Daylighting Group and the Lighting System Research Group have made substantial contributions in each of these areas, and continue to do so through the ongoing research summarized here. 23 refs., 16 figs.

  12. AIRPORT LIGHTING Session Highlights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Administration advisory circulars, available online at www.faa.gov or by mail at the following address: Federal Aviation Administration, Airports 800 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D.C. 20591 To qualify for federal AND NAVIGATIONAL AIDS A complete list of federal regulations for airfield lighting is located in Federal Aviation

  13. Tokyo Street Lights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    that you have only 17, no 16, no 15 seconds left to get to the other side before the light changes and the impatient American drivers put the pedal to the metal and it's road kill time. Talk about stress! In Tokyo, crossing the street is a leisurely...

  14. Sweetness and light 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craig, Katie

    2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    1. Sweetness and Light. A novel. Judi lives in a nice, clean house with her seventeen year old stepson, who won’t talk to her in anything but monosyllables. His father, Nelson, and she are struggling to relate to each ...

  15. Search for the CP symmetry violation in the decays of Ks mesons using the KLOE detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Silarski

    2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this work was to determine the KS -> 3pi0 decay branching ratio and a modulus of the eta000 parameter, defined as the ratio of amplitudes for KS -> 3 pi0 to KL -> 3pi0 decays, which characterizes the CP symmetry violation in this decay. The measurement has been carried out with the KLOE detector operating at the phi-factory DAFNE in the Italian National Center for Nuclear Physics in Frascati. The KS mesons were identified with high efficiency via registration of these KL mesons which crossed the drift chamber without decaying and then interacted with the KLOE electromagnetic calorimeter. The KS four-momentum vector was then determined using the registered position of the KL meson and the known momentum of the phi meson. Next, the search for the KS -> 3pi0 -> 6gamma decay was carried out by the selection of events with six gamma quanta which momenta were reconstructed using time and energy measured by the electromagnetic calorimeter. To increase the signal over background ratio after identification of the KS meson and requiring six reconstructed photons a discriminant analysis is performed. It is based on kinematical fit, testing of the signal and background hypotheses and exploiting of the differences in kinematics of the KS decays into 2pi0 and 3pi0. Hence, we have obtained the upper limit on the KS -> 3pi0 branching ratio at the 90% confidence level BR(KS -> 3pi0)KS -> 3pi0 decay presented in this work failed to detect a signal of sufficient statistical significance. This upper limit can be translated into a limit on the modulus of the eta000 parameter amounting to: |eta000| < 0.009 at the 90% confidence level.

  16. Superposed Coherent and Squeezed Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fesseha Kassahun

    2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We first calculate the mean photon number and quadrature variance of superposed coherent and squeezed light, following a procedure of analysis based on combining the Hamiltonians and using the usual definition for the quadrature variance of superposed light beams. This procedure of analysis leads to physically unjustifiable mean photon number of the coherent light and quadrature variance of the superposed light. We then determine both of these properties employing a procedure of analysis based on superposing the Q functions and applying a slightly modified definition for the quadrature variance of a pair of superposed light beams. We find the expected mean photon number of the coherent light and the quadrature variance of the superposed light. Moreover, the quadrature squeezing of the superposed output light turns out to be equal to that of the superposed cavity light.

  17. Measurement of the B-cmeson lifetime in the decay B-c?J/???

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aaltonen, T.; Álvarez González, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J. A.; Arisawa, T.; Artikov, A.; Asaadi, J.; Ashmanskas, W.; Auerbach, B.; Aurisano, A.; Azfar, F.; Badgett, W.; Bae, T.; Barbaro-Galtieri, A.; Barnes, V. E.; Barnett, B. A.; Barria, P.; Bartos, P.; Bauce, M.; Bedeschi, F.; Behari, S.; Bellettini, G.; Bellinger, J.; Benjamin, D.; Beretvas, A.; Bhatti, A.; Bisello, D.; Bizjak, I.; Bland, K. R.; Blumenfeld, B.; Bocci, A.; Bodek, A.; Bortoletto, D.; Boudreau, J.; Boveia, A.; Brigliadori, L.; Bromberg, C.; Brucken, E.; Budagov, J.; Budd, H. S.; Burkett, K.; Busetto, G.; Bussey, P.; Buzatu, A.; Calamba, A.; Calancha, C.; Camarda, S.; Campanelli, M.; Campbell, M.; Canelli, F.; Carls, B.; Carlsmith, D.; Carosi, R.; Carrillo, S.; Carron, S.; Casal, B.; Casarsa, M.; Castro, A.; Catastini, P.; Cauz, D.; Cavaliere, V.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Cerri, A.; Cerrito, L.; Chen, Y. C.; Chertok, M.; Chiarelli, G.; Chlachidze, G.; Chlebana, F.; Cho, K.; Chokheli, D.; Chung, W. H.; Chung, Y. S.; Ciocci, M. A.; Clark, A.; Clarke, C.; Compostella, G.; Convery, M. E.; Conway, J.; Corbo, M.; Cordelli, M.; Cox, C. A.; Cox, D. J.; Crescioli, F.; Cuevas, J.; Culbertson, R.; Dagenhart, D.; d’Ascenzo, N.; Datta, M.; de Barbaro, P.; Dell’Orso, M.; Demortier, L.; Deninno, M.; Devoto, F.; d’Errico, M.; Di Canto, A.; Di Ruzza, B.; Dittmann, J. R.; D’Onofrio, M.; Donati, S.; Dong, P.; Dorigo, M.; Dorigo, T.; Ebina, K.; Elagin, A.; Eppig, A.; Erbacher, R.; Errede, S.; Ershaidat, N.; Eusebi, R.; Farrington, S.; Feindt, M.; Fernandez, J. P.; Field, R.; Flanagan, G.; Forrest, R.; Frank, M. J.; Franklin, M.; Freeman, J. C.; Funakoshi, Y.; Furic, I.; Gallinaro, M.; Garcia, J. E.; Garfinkel, A. F.; Garosi, P.; Gerberich, H.; Gerchtein, E.; Giagu, S.; Giakoumopoulou, V.; Giannetti, P.; Gibson, K.; Ginsburg, C. M.; Giokaris, N.; Giromini, P.; Giurgiu, G.; Glagolev, V.; Glenzinski, D.; Gold, M.; Goldin, D.; Goldschmidt, N.; Golossanov, A.; Gomez, G.; Gomez-Ceballos, G.; Goncharov, M.; González, O.; Gorelov, I.; Goshaw, A. T.; Goulianos, K.; Grinstein, S.; Grosso-Pilcher, C.; Group, R. C.; Guimaraes da Costa, J.; Hahn, S. R.; Halkiadakis, E.; Hamaguchi, A.; Han, J. Y.; Happacher, F.; Hara, K.; Hare, D.; Hare, M.; Harr, R. F.; Hatakeyama, K.; Hays, C.; Heck, M.; Heinrich, J.; Herndon, M.; Hewamanage, S.; Hocker, A.; Hopkins, W.; Horn, D.; Hou, S.; Hughes, R. E.; Hurwitz, M.; Husemann, U.; Hussain, N.; Hussein, M.; Huston, J.; Introzzi, G.; Iori, M.; Ivanov, A.; James, E.; Jang, D.; Jayatilaka, B.; Jeon, E. J.; Jindariani, S.; Jones, M.; Joo, K. K.; Jun, S. Y.; Junk, T. R.; Kamon, T.; Karchin, P. E.; Kasmi, A.; Kato, Y.; Ketchum, W.; Keung, J.; Khotilovich, V.; Kilminster, B.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, H. S.; Kim, J. E.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, S. B.; Kim, S. H.; Kim, Y. K.; Kim, Y. J.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, M.; Klimenko, S.; Knoepfel, K.; Kondo, K.; Kong, D. J.; Konigsberg, J.; Kotwal, A. V.; Kreps, M.; Kroll, J.; Krop, D.; Kruse, M.; Krutelyov, V.; Kuhr, T.; Kurata, M.; Kwang, S.; Laasanen, A. T.; Lami, S.; Lammel, S.; Lancaster, M.; Lander, R. L.; Lannon, K.; Lath, A.; Latino, G.; LeCompte, T.; Lee, E.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, J. S.; Lee, S. W.; Leo, S.; Leone, S.; Lewis, J. D.; Limosani, A.; Lin, C.-J.; Lindgren, M.; Lipeles, E.; Lister, A.; Litvintsev, D. O.; Liu, C.; Liu, H.; Liu, Q.; Liu, T.; Lockwitz, S.; Loginov, A.; Lucchesi, D.; Lueck, J.; Lujan, P.; Lukens, P.; Lungu, G.; Lys, J.; Lysak, R.; Madrak, R.; Maeshima, K.; Maestro, P.; Malik, S.; Manca, G.; Manousakis-Katsikakis, A.; Margaroli, F.; Marino, C.; Martínez, M.; Mastrandrea, P.; Matera, K.; Mattson, M. E.; Mazzacane, A.; Mazzanti, P.; McFarland, K. S.; McIntyre, P.; McNulty, R.; Mehta, A.; Mehtala, P.; Mesropian, C.; Miao, T.; Mietlicki, D.; Mitra, A.; Miyake, H.; Moed, S.; Moggi, N.; Mondragon, M. N.; Moon, C. S.; Moore, R.; Morello, M. J.; Morlock, J.; Movilla Fernandez, P.; Mukherjee, A.; Muller, Th.; Murat, P.; Mussini, M.; Nachtman, J.; Nagai, Y.; Naganoma, J.; Nakano, I.; Napier, A.; Nett, J.; Neu, C.; Neubauer, M. S.; Nielsen, J.; Nodulman, L.; Noh, S. Y.; Norniella, O.; Oakes, L.; Oh, S. H.; Oh, Y. D.; Oksuzian, I.; Okusawa, T.; Orava, R.; Ortolan, L.; Pagan Griso, S.; Pagliarone, C.; Palencia, E.; Papadimitriou, V.; Paramonov, A. A.; Patrick, J.; Pauletta, G.; Paulini, M.; Paus, C.; Pellett, D. E.; Penzo, A.; Phillips, T. J.; Piacentino, G.; Pianori, E.; Pilot, J.; Pitts, K.; Plager, C.; Pondrom, L.; Poprocki, S.; Potamianos, K.; Prokoshin, F.; Pranko, A.; Ptohos, F.; Punzi, G.; Rahaman, A.; Ramakrishnan, V.; Ranjan, N.; Redondo, I.; Renton, P.; Rescigno, M.; Riddick, T.; Rimondi, F.; Ristori, L.; Robson, A.; Rodrigo, T.; Rodriguez, T.; Rogers, E.; Rolli, S.; Roser, R.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, A.; Russ, J.; Rusu, V.; Safonov, A.; Sakumoto, W. K.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lifetime of the B-c meson is measured using 272 exclusive B-c?J/?(?????)?? decays reconstructed in data from proton-antiproton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 6.7 fb?¹ recorded by the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The lifetime of the B-cmeson is measured to be ?(B-c)=0.452±0.048(stat)±0.027(syst) ps. This is the first measurement of the B-c meson lifetime in a fully reconstructed hadronic channel, and it agrees with previous results and has comparable precision.

  18. Transformations in Lighting: The Ninth Annual Solid-State Lighting...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in DOE's "Transformations in Lighting" Solid-State Lighting (SSL) R&D Workshop. DOE SSL Portfolio Manager James Brodrick kicked off Day 1 by observing that although LED...

  19. Light cone matrix product

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hastings, Matthew B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show how to combine the light-cone and matrix product algorithms to simulate quantum systems far from equilibrium for long times. For the case of the XXZ spin chain at {Delta} = 0.5, we simulate to a time of {approx} 22.5. While part of the long simulation time is due to the use of the light-cone method, we also describe a modification of the infinite time-evolving bond decimation algorithm with improved numerical stability, and we describe how to incorporate symmetry into this algorithm. While statistical sampling error means that we are not yet able to make a definite statement, the behavior of the simulation at long times indicates the appearance of either 'revivals' in the order parameter as predicted by Hastings and Levitov (e-print arXiv:0806.4283) or of a distinct shoulder in the decay of the order parameter.

  20. Nonequilibrium lighting plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dakin, J.T. (GE Lighting, Nela Park, Cleveland, OH (US))

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the science of a variety of devices employing nonequilibrium lighting plasmas is reviewed. The devices include the fluorescent lamp, the low-pressure sodium lamp, the neon sign, ultraviolet lamps, glow indicators, and a variety of devices used by spectroscopists, such as the hollow cathode light source. The plasma conditions in representative commercial devices are described. Recent research on the electron gas, the role of heavy particles, spatial and temporal inhomogeneities, and new electrodeless excitation schemes is reviewed. Areas of future activity are expected to be in new applications of high-frequency electronics to commercial devices, new laser-based diagnostics of plasma conditions, and more sophisticated models requiring more reliable and extensive rate coefficient data.

  1. The Advanced Light Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, A.

    1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Advanced Light Source (ALS), a national user facility currently under construction at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL), is a third-generation synchrotron light source designed to produce extremely bright beams of synchrotron radiation in the energy range from a few eV to 10 keV. The design is based on a 1--1.9-GeV electron storage ring (optimized at 1.5 GeV), and utilizes special magnets, known as undulators and wigglers (collectively referred to as insertion devices), to generate the radiation. The facility is scheduled to begin operating in April 1993. In this paper we describe the progress in the design, construction, and commissioning of the accelerator systems, insertion devices, and beamlines. Companion presentations at this conference give more detail of specific components in the ALS, and describe the activities towards establishing an exciting user program. 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  2. Scattering Of Light Nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quaglioni, S; Navratil, P; Roth, R

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The exact treatment of nuclei starting from the constituent nucleons and the fundamental interactions among them has been a long-standing goal in nuclear physics. Above all nuclear scattering and reactions, which require the solution of the many-body quantum-mechanical problem in the continuum, represent an extraordinary theoretical as well as computational challenge for ab initio approaches.We present a new ab initio many-body approach which derives from the combination of the ab initio no-core shell model with the resonating-group method [4]. By complementing a microscopic cluster technique with the use of realistic interactions, and a microscopic and consistent description of the nucleon clusters, this approach is capable of describing simultaneously both bound and scattering states in light nuclei. We will discuss applications to neutron and proton scattering on sand light p-shell nuclei using realistic nucleon-nucleon potentials, and outline the progress toward the treatment of more complex reactions.

  3. Fusion pumped light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pappas, Daniel S. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatus is provided for generating energy in the form of light radiation. A fusion reactor is provided for generating a long, or continuous, pulse of high-energy neutrons. The neutron flux is coupled directly with the lasing medium. The lasing medium includes a first component selected from Group O of the periodic table of the elements and having a high inelastic scattering cross section. Gamma radiation from the inelastic scattering reactions interacts with the first component to excite the first component, which decays by photon emission at a first output wavelength. The first output wavelength may be shifted to a second output wavelength using a second liquid component responsive to the first output wavelength. The light outputs may be converted to a coherent laser output by incorporating conventional optics adjacent the laser medium.

  4. Solar light bulb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, D.A.

    1983-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A system for generating light directly using solar energy is provided herein. It includes a concentrator and accumulator for the sun's rays to generate a concentrated beam of visible solar radiation. A distributor shaft is provided for distributing the beam of visible solar radiation. A fork is provided in the distributor shaft to define a plurality of branch lines, each provided with a mirror at the intersection to direct the beam down the respective branch line to permit parallel fractions of the beam to be reflected off the respective mirrors and to pass down the respective branch line. A solar bulb is provided including a double walled upper bulbous portion including the inlet from the branch line and a pair of heat outlet tubes, and a double walled lower bulbous portion, the upper portion thereof being divergently reflective, with the lower portion having walls which are either transparent or translucent to provide greater light diffusion, and the space between the two walls being maintained under vacuum to provide heat insulation values. A structure is provided within the solar bulb for the absorption and radiation of the concentrated beam of visible solar radiation. Preferably structure is provided connected to the solar bulb to draw in outside air in the summer to direct it past the solar bulb and to air vent hot air produced at the solar bulb to the outside, thereby providing light with minimal heat in the summer. The same structure is operated in the winter to draw in household air to direct it past the solar bulb and to recirculate such heated air produced at the solar bulb to the house, thereby providing light and heat in the winter.

  5. Meson-Nucleon Physics: Past, Present and Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. M. K. Nefkens

    2002-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We will present some thoughts on the following topics: 1. Major highlights in the history of strong interactions such as isospin, the pion, SU(3), quarks, the color degree of freedom, QCD. 2. Topics of high current interest such as quark confinement, the origin of mass, the search for the gluon degrees of freedom, chiral symmetry, flavor symmetry, regularities in the properties of the light-baryon families (parity doublets, clusters) decay patterns, hadronization, chiral restoration, effective Lagrangians and their degrees of freedom. 3. The input parameters for QCD and for effective models. 4. Hadron physics as a necessary aspect of precision tests of the Standard Model and of the Search for New Physics.

  6. Turbo-Charged Lighting Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, W. H. II

    TURBO-CHARGED LIGHTING DESIGN William H. Clark II Design Engineer O'Connell Robertson & Assoc Austin/ Texas ABSTRACT The task of the lighting designer has become very complex, involving thousands of choices for fixture types and hundreds...

  7. Webinar: Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Video recording of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting, originally presented on November 13, 2012.

  8. Faster than Light Quantum Communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Y. Shiekh

    2008-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Faster than light communication might be possible using the collapse of the quantum wave-function without any accompanying paradoxes.

  9. Production of psi (2S) mesons in pp-bar collisions at 1.96 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Si

    We have measured the differential cross section for the inclusive production of ?(2S) mesons decaying to ?[superscript +]?[superscript -] that were produced in prompt or B-decay processes from pp? collisions at 1.96 TeV. ...

  10. Characterization of diffuse emissions from the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF), Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery, Noel Davis

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) is an 800 megaelectron volt (MeV) proton accelerator operated by the University of California for the United States Department of Energy (DOE). The accelerator produces activation products...

  11. MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.2) #12;SECTION level of each multi-tier garage. · General lighting must have occupant sensing controls with at least one control step between 20% and 50% of design lighting power · No more than 500 watts of rated

  12. MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    MANDATORY MEASURES OUTDOOR LIGHTING CONTROLS (Reference: Sub-Chapter 4, Section 130.2) #12;SECTION 5 Additions and Alterations Any alteration that increases the connected lighting load must meet all No measures required OUTDOOR LIGHTING11/20/2014 #12;SECTION 5 BACKLIGHT, UPLIGHT, AND GLARE (BUG) RATINGS

  13. STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL LIGHTING CEC-CF-6R-LTG-01 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-LTG-01 Residential Lighting (Page 1 of 6) Site Address: Enforcement Agency: Permit Number: 2008 Residential Compliance Forms August 2009 1. Kitchen Lighting Does project

  14. Arnold Schwarzenegger, LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;#12;Prepared By: Lighting Research Center Andrew Bierman, Project Lead Troy, New York 12180 Managed ByArnold Schwarzenegger, Governor LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM PROJECT 3.2 ENERGY EFFICIENT LOAD- SHEDDING LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research

  15. Slow-light solitons revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. V. Rybin; I. P. Vadeiko; A. R. Bishop

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate propagation of slow-light solitons in atomic media described by the nonlinear $\\Lambda$-model. Under a physical assumption, appropriate to the slow light propagation, we reduce the $\\Lambda$-scheme to a simplified nonlinear model, which is also relevant to 2D dilatonic gravity. Exact solutions describing various regimes of stopping slow-light solitons can then be readily derived.

  16. Search for a light Higgs boson decaying to two gluons or ss? in the radiative decays of ?(1S)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Brown, D. N.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lee, M. J.; Lynch, G.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; So, R. Y.; Khan, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Yushkov, A. N.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Dey, B.; Gary, J. W.; Long, O.; Vitug, G. M.; Campagnari, C.; Franco Sevilla, M.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Richman, J. D.; West, C. A.; Eisner, A. M.; Lockman, W. S.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Chao, D. S.; Cheng, C. H.; Echenard, B.; Flood, K. T.; Hitlin, D. G.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F. C.; Andreassen, R.; Huard, Z.; Meadows, B. T.; Pushpawela, B. G.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Sun, L.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Spaan, B.; Schwierz, R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Playfer, S.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Luppi, E.; Piemontese, L.; Santoro, V.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Martellotti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Bhuyan, B.; Prasad, V.; Morii, M.; Adametz, A.; Uwer, U.; Lacker, H. M.; Dauncey, P. D.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Gritsan, A. V.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Derkach, D.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Roudeau, P.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Coleman, J. P.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Cowan, G.; Bougher, J.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Griessinger, K.; Hafner, A.; Prencipe, E.; Schubert, K.; Barlow, R. J.; Lafferty, G. D.; Behn, E.; Cenci, R.; Hamilton, B.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Sciolla, G.; Cheaib, R.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Biassoni, P.; Neri, N.; Palombo, F.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D. J.; Simard, M.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Martinelli, M.; Raven, G.; Jessop, C. P.; LoSecco, J. M.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Sinev, N. B.; Strom, D.; Torrence, E.; Feltresi, E.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simi, G.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Akar, S.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bomben, M.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Sitt, S.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Pacetti, S.; Rossi, A.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Perez, A.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Li Gioi, L.; Piredda, G.; Bünger, C.; Grünberg, O.; Hartmann, T.; Leddig, T.; Voß, C.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Olaiya, E. O.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Vasseur, G.; Yèche, Ch.; Anulli, F.; Aston, D.; Bard, D. J.; Benitez, J. F.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dunwoodie, W.; Ebert, M.; Field, R. C.; Fulsom, B. G.; Gabareen, A. M.; Graham, M. T.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kim, P.; Kocian, M. L.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Lewis, P.; Lindemann, D.; Lindquist, B.; Luitz, S.; Luth, V.; Lynch, H. L.; MacFarlane, D. B.; Muller, D. R.; Neal, H.; Nelson, S.; Perl, M.; Pulliam, T.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Roodman, A.; Salnikov, A. A.; Schindler, R. H.; Snyder, A.; Su, D.; Sullivan, M. K.; Va’vra, J.; Wagner, A. P.; Wang, W. F.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Wittgen, M.; Wright, D. H.; Wulsin, H. W.; Ziegler, V.; Park, W.; Purohit, M. V.; White, R. M.; Wilson, J. R.; Randle-Conde, A.; Sekula, S. J.; Bellis, M.; Burchat, P. R.; Miyashita, T. S.; Puccio, E. M. T.; Alam, M. S.; Ernst, J. A.; Gorodeisky, R.; Guttman, N.; Peimer, D. R.; Soffer, A.; Spanier, S. M.; Ritchie, J. L.; Ruland, A. M.; Schwitters, R. F.; Wray, B. C.; Izen, J. M.; Lou, X. C.; Bianchi, F.; De Mori, F.; Filippi, A.; Gamba, D.; Zambito, S.; Lanceri, L.; Vitale, L.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Oyanguren, A.; Villanueva-Perez, P.; Ahmed, H.; Albert, J.; Banerjee, Sw.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Choi, H. H. F.; King, G. J.; Kowalewski, R.; Lewczuk, M. J.; Lueck, T.; Nugent, I. M.; Roney, J. M.; Sobie, R. J.; Tasneem, N.; Gershon, T. J.; Harrison, P. F.; Latham, T. E.; Band, H. R.; Dasu, S.; Pan, Y.; Prepost, R.; Wu, S. L.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We search for the decay ?(1S)??A?, A??gg or ss?, where A? is the pseudoscalar light Higgs boson predicted by the next-to-minimal supersymmetric Standard Model. We use a sample of (17.6±0.3)×10? ?(1S) mesons produced in the BABAR experiment via e?e???(2S)??????(1S). We see no significant signal and set 90%-confidence-level upper limits on the product branching fraction B(?(1S)??A?)·B(A??gg or ss?) ranging from 10?? to 10?² for A? masses in the range 0.5–9.0 GeV/c².

  17. Measurement of the B meson Lifetimes with the Collider Detector at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uozumi, Satoru; /Tsukuba U.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lifetimes of the B{sup -}, B{sup 0} and B{sub s}{sup 0} mesons are measured using partially reconstructed semileptonic decays. Following semileptonic decay processes and their charge conjugates are used for this analysis: B{sup -}/B{sup 0} {yields} {ell}{sup -}{nu}D{sup 0}X; B{sup -}/B{sup 0} {yields} {ell}{sup -}{nu}D*{sup +}X; B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {ell}{sup -}{nu}D{sub s}{sup +}x, where {ell}{sup -} denotes either a muon or electron. The data are collected during 2002-2004 by the 8 GeV single lepton triggers in CDF Run II at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. Corresponding integrated luminosity is about 260 and 360 pb{sup -1} used for the B{sup -}/B{sup 0} and B{sub s}{sup 0} lifetime analyses, respectively. With the single lepton triggers, events which contain a muon or electron with a transverse momentum greater than 8 GeV/c are selected. For these lepton candidates, further lepton identification cuts are applied to improve purity of the B semileptonic decay signal. After the lepton selection, three types of charm mesons associated with the lepton candidates are reconstructed. Following exclusive decay modes are used for the charm meson reconstruction: D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}; D*{sup +} {yields} D{sup 0}{pi}{sub s}{sup +}, followed by D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}; D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup +}, followed by {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}. Here {pi}{sub s}{sup +} denotes a slow pion from D*{sup +} decay. Species of the reconstructed charm meson identify the parent B meson species. However in the B{sup -}/B{sup 0} semileptonic decays, both mesons decay into the identical lepton + D{sup 0} final state. To solve this mixture of the B components in the D{sup 0} sample, they adopt the following method: First among the inclusive D{sup 0} sample, they look for the D*{sup +} {yields} D{sup 0} {pi}{sub s}{sup +} signal. The inclusive D{sup 0} sample is then split into the two samples of D{sup 0} mesons which are from the D*{sup +} meson and not from D*{sup +}. They use the fact that D*{sup +} sample is dominated by the B{sup 0} component, and the D{sup 0} sample after excluding the D*{sup +} events is dominated by the B{sup -} component. Fraction of remaining mixture of B{sup -}/B{sup 0} components in each sample is estimated using a Monte Carlo simulation. From the lepton + charm meson pairs, they measure the B meson decay lengths to extract the lifetimes. Since the B meson momentum, necessary to calculate the B meson decay time, is not fully reconstructed in semileptonic decays, the missing momentum is corrected using a Monte Carlo simulation during lifetime fits. Also, contributions of various kinds of backgrounds are considered and subtracted. As a result of the fit, the B meson lifetimes are measured to be c{tau}(B{sup -}) = 495.6 {+-} 8.6 {sub -12.8}{sup +13.3} {micro}m; c{tau}(B{sup 0}) = 441.5 {+-} 10.9 {+-} 17.0 {micro}m; c{tau}(B{sub s}{sup 0}) = 414.0 {+-} 16.6 {sub -13.8}{sup +15.6} {micro}m or {tau}(B{sup 0}) = 1.653 {+-} 0.029 {sub -0.031}{sup +0.033} ps; {tau}(B{sup 0}) = 1.473 {+-} 0.036 {+-} 0.054 ps; {tau}(B{sub s}{sup 0}) = 1.381 {+-} 0.055 {sub -0.046}{sup +0.052} ps, and the lifetime ratios to be {tau}(B{sup 0})/{tau}(B{sup 0}) = 1.123 {+-} 0.040 {sub -0.039}{sup +0.041}; {tau}(B{sub s}{sup 0})/{tau}(B{sup 0}) = 0.938 {+-} 0.044 {sub -0.046}{sup +0.049} where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.

  18. Partonic flow and $?$-meson production in Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. I. Abelev

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present first measurements of the $\\phi$-meson elliptic flow ($v_{2}(p_{T})$) and high statistics $p_{T}$ distributions for different centralities from $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC. In minimum bias collisions the $v_{2}$ of the $\\phi$ meson is consistent with the trend observed for mesons. The ratio of the yields of the $\\Omega$ to those of the $\\phi$ as a function of transverse momentum is consistent with a model based on the recombination of thermal $s$ quarks up to $p_{T}\\sim 4$ GeV/$c$, but disagrees at higher momenta. The nuclear modification factor ($R_{CP}$) of $\\phi$ follows the trend observed in the $K^{0}_{S}$ mesons rather than in $\\Lambda$ baryons, supporting baryon-meson scaling. Since $\\phi$-mesons are made via coalescence of seemingly thermalized $s$ quarks in central Au+Au collisions, the observations imply hot and dense matter with partonic collectivity has been formed at RHIC.

  19. Sandia National Laboratories: efficient LED lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Partnership, Research & Capabilities, Solid-State Lighting Solid state lighting (SSL), which uses light-emitting diodes (LEDs), has the potential to be 10 times more energy...

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: Light Creation Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TechnologiesLight Creation Materials Light Creation Materials Overview of SSL Light Creation Materials Different families of inorganic semiconductor materials can...

  1. Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piselli, Kathy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Artificial Night Lighting Catherine Rich and Travisof artificial night lighting. This book provides editedage of modern urban lighting was ushered in. Coincidentally,

  2. Sandia National Laboratories: Solid-State Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lighting Developments to 2030 On July 30, 2012, in Lighting Technologies, Costs, and Energy Demand: Global Developments to 2030 View Slides: Lighting Technologies, Costs, and...

  3. LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verderber, R.R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REFERENCES Task Report to Lighting Systems Research,Berkeley Laboratory, "Lighting Control System Market1980). Task Report to Lighting Systems Research, Lawrence

  4. Demand Responsive Lighting: A Scoping Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubinstein, Francis; Kiliccote, Sila

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3 3.0 Previous Experience with Demand Responsive Lighting11 4.3. Prevalence of Lighting13 4.4. Impact of Title 24 on Lighting

  5. Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A Rational View of LM-79 Reports, IES Files, and Product Variation Gary Steinberg, GE Lighting Solutions Solid-State Street Lighting: Calculating Light Loss Factors Dana Beckwith,...

  6. Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Association of Energy Services Companies Calculating Light Loss Factors for Solid-State Lighting Systems Chad Stalker, Philips Lumileds Lighting Intro to MSSLC's...

  7. Light propagation and Imaging in Indefinite Metamaterials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    photolithography by polarized light,” Applied PhysicsZhang, “Imaging visible light using anisotropic metamaterialcross-sectional review of the light propagation of TE mode (

  8. Advances in Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tumber, A. J.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    colour rendition. The quartz-halogen incandescent lam s operate at higher temperatures, and have a somewhat higher efficacy, but they are rarely used except for special applicati ns. 3-2 High Intensity Discharge Lamps. Mercury is the grandfather... of the H.I.D. lamps. Its blue-green light, has been used almost exclusively for streetlighti and, often with colour-improving phospho it is still being used in industrial and commercial applications. Reactor-type ballasted mercury lamps can now...

  9. Pedestrian Friendly Outdoor Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Naomi J.; Koltai, Rita; McGowan, Terry

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This GATEWAY report discusses the problems of pedestrian lighting that occur with all technologies with a focus on the unique optical options and opportunities offered by LEDs through the findings from two pedestrian-focused projects, one at Stanford University in California, and one at the Chautauqua Institution in upstate New York. Incorporating user feedback this report reviews the tradeoffs that must be weighed among visual comfort, color, visibility, efficacy and other factors to stimulate discussion among specifiers, users, energy specialists, and in industry in hopes that new approaches, metrics, and standards can be developed to support pedestrian-focused communities, while reducing energy use.

  10. Lighting Test Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electron 9 5Let us countLighting Sign In About

  11. Lighting | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuan City Yujiang River ValleyLighting

  12. Functional dependence of axial anomaly via mesonic fluctuations in the three flavor linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fejos, G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Temperature dependence of the $U_A(1)$ anomaly is investigated by taking into account mesonic fluctuations in the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ linear sigma model. A field dependent anomaly coefficient function of the effective potential is calculated within the finite temperature functional renormalization group approach. The applied approximation scheme is a generalization of the chiral invariant expansion technique developed in [G. Fej\\H{o}s, Phys. Rev. D 90, 096011 (2014)]. We provide an analytic expression and also numerical evidence that depending on the relationship between the two quartic couplings, mesonic fluctuations can either strengthen of weaken the anomaly as a function of the temperature. Role of the six-point invariant of the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ group, and therefore the stability of the chiral expansion is also discussed in detail.

  13. Functional dependence of axial anomaly via mesonic fluctuations in the three flavor linear sigma model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Fejos

    2015-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Temperature dependence of the $U_A(1)$ anomaly is investigated by taking into account mesonic fluctuations in the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ linear sigma model. A field dependent anomaly coefficient function of the effective potential is calculated within the finite temperature functional renormalization group approach. The applied approximation scheme is a generalization of the chiral invariant expansion technique developed in [G. Fejos, Phys. Rev. D 90, 096011 (2014)]. We provide an analytic expression and also numerical evidence that depending on the relationship between the two quartic couplings, mesonic fluctuations can either strengthen of weaken the anomaly as a function of the temperature. Role of the six-point invariant of the $U(3)\\times U(3)$ group, and therefore the stability of the chiral expansion is also discussed in detail.

  14. Probe the QCD phase diagram with ?-mesons in high energy nuclear collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Mohanty; N. Xu

    2009-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

    High-energy nuclear collision provide a unique tool to study the strongly interacting medium. Recent results from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) on \\phi-meson production has revealed the formation of a dense partonic medium. The medium constituents are found to exhibit collective behaviour initiated due to partonic interactions in the medium. We present a brief review of the recent results on \\phi production in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC. One crucial question is where, in the phase diagram, does the transition happen for the matter changing from hadronic to partonic degrees of freedom. We discuss how \\phi-meson elliptic flow in heavy-ion collisions can be used for the search of the QCD phase boundary.

  15. Negative-parity {Lambda}{sub Q} baryons in the baryon-meson continuum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takeuchi, Sachiko [Japan College of Social Work, Kiyose, Tokyo, 204-8555 (Japan); Takizawa, Makoto [Showa Pharmaceutical University, Machida, Tokyo, 194-8543 (Japan); Shimizu, Kiyotaka [Department of Physics, Sophia University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The negative-parity charmed baryons are investigated by employing the quark model as well as the effective baryon meson model with a bound state embedded in the continuum. Especially the mass difference between the J{sup P} 1/2{sup -} and 3/2{sup -}{Lambda}{sub c}{sup +} baryons is discussed. The observed value of this mass splitting is almost the same as that of {Xi}{sub c}, about 30 MeV. It is found that most of this splitting can be reproduced by assuming a simple qqQ configuration. The coupling to the baryon-meson scattering state may enlarge the splitting as it does for the {Lambda}(1405)(1/2{sup -}) and {Lambda}(1520)(3/2{sup -}) case. We investigate this coupling effect and find that with an appropriately modified coupling or the pole energy, the peak can be reproduced.

  16. Observation of ?c1 Decays into Vector Meson Pairs ??, ?? and, ??

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; An, L.; An, Q.; An, Z. H.; Bai, J. Z.; Baldini, R.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Berger, N.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, X.; Cao, G. F.; Cao, X. X.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Duan, M. Y.; Fan, R. R.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Feng, C. Q.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Greco, M.; Grishin, S.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y. P.; Hao, X. Q.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Huang, B.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jia, L. K.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kuehn, W.; Lange, J. S.; Leung, J. K. C.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, Lei; Li, N. B.; Li, Q. J.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, C. Y.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, G. C.; Liu, H.; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, X. H.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Y. W.; Liu, Yong; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Z. Q.; Loehner, H.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, T.; Ma, X.; Ma, X. Y.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, H.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Nefedov, Y.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Pun, C. S. J.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, X. S.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schulze, J.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, X. Y.; Sonoda, S.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, X. D.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tang, X. F.; Tian, H. L.; Toth, D.; Varner, G. S.; Wan, X.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, H.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z. R.; Xu, Z. Z.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, M.; Yang, T.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, L.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, W. L.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, T. R.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, Jiawei; Zhao, Jingwei; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhao, Z. L.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zheng, Z. P.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, J.; Zhong, L.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, X. W.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.; Zuo, J. X.; Zweber, P.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using (106±4)×10? ?(3686) events accumulated with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII e?e? collider, we present the first measurement of decays of ?c1 to vector meson pairs ??, ??, and ??. The branching fractions are measured to be (4.4±0.3±0.5)×10??, (6.0±0.3±0.7)×10??, and (2.2±0.6±0.2)×10??, for ?c1 ???, ??, and ??, respectively, which indicates that the hadron helicity selection rule is significantly violated in ?cJ decays. In addition, the measurement of ?cJ??? provides the first indication of the rate of doubly OZI-suppressed ?cJ decay. Finally, we present improved measurements for the branching fractions of ?c0 and ?c2 to vector meson pairs.

  17. Moments of $\\phi$ meson spectral functions in vacuum and nuclear matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gubler, Philipp

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Moments of the $\\phi$ meson spectral function in vacuum and in nuclear matter are analyzed, combining a model based on chiral SU(3) effective field theory (with kaonic degrees of freedom) and finite-energy QCD sum rules. For the vacuum we show that the spectral density is strongly constrained by a recent accurate measurement of the $e^+ e^- \\to K^+ K^-$ cross section. In nuclear matter the $\\phi$ spectrum is modified by interactions of the decay kaons with the surrounding nuclear medium, leading to a significant broadening and an asymmetric deformation of the $\\phi$ meson peak. We demonstrate that both in vacuum and nuclear matter, the first two moments of the spectral function are compatible with finite-energy QCD sum rules. A brief discussion of the next-higher spectral moment involving strange four-quark condensates is also presented.

  18. Magnetic moments of vector, axial, and tensor mesons in lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, F X; Wilcox, W

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a calculation of magnetic moments for selected spin-1 mesons using the techniques of lattice QCD. This is carried out by introducing progressively small static magnetic field on the lattice and measuring the linear response of a hadron's mass shift. The calculations are done on $24^4$ quenched lattices using standard Wilson actions, with $\\beta$=6.0 and pion mass down to 500 MeV. The results are compared to those from the form factor method where available.

  19. Relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov Theory With Density Dependent Meson Couplings in Axial Symmetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebran, J.-P.; Khan, E.; Arteaga, D. Pena; Grasso, M. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, 15 rue Georges Clemenceau 91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Vretenar, D. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, 10 000 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Most nuclei on the nuclear chart are deformed, and the development of new RIB facilities allows the study of exotic nuclei near the drip lines where a successful theoretical description requires both realistic pairing and deformation approaches. Relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov model taking into account axial deformation and pairing correlations is introduced. Preliminary illustrative results with density dependent meson-nucleon couplings in axial symmetry will be discussed.

  20. CLNS 98/1575 An Update on CLEO's Study of B Meson Decays 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    six to eight years, many general properties of B meson decay were measured at DORIS and CESR. In 1988 via the tree diagram. The listed branching fractions, for ex­ ample Br(B ! Xlš) = (10:4 \\Sigma 0 over electron, muon and tau semileptonic decay is 2:3 \\Theta (10:4 \\Sigma 0:4) = (23:9 \\Sigma 0

  1. DESY 01100 ISSN 04189833 Measurement of D Meson Production and F c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , V. Boudry 27 , W. Braunschweig 1 , V. Brisson 26 , H.­B. BrË?oker 2 , D.P. Brown 10 , W. BrË?uckner 12 25 , A.J. Campbell 10 , J. Cao 26 , T. Carli 25 , S. Caron 1 , D. Clarke 5 , B. Clerbaux 4 , CDESY 01­100 ISSN 0418­9833 July 2001 Measurement of D #3;#6; Meson Production and F c 2 in Deep

  2. A Rosetta Stone Relating Conventions In Photo-Meson Partial Wave Analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A.M. Sandorfi, B. Dey, A. Sarantsev, L. Tiator, R. Workman

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new generation of complete experiments in pseudoscalar meson photo-production is being pursued at several laboratories. While new data are emerging, there is some confusion regarding definitions of asymmetries and the conventions used in partial wave analyses (PWA). We present expressions for constructing asymmetries as coordinate-system independent ratios of cross sections, along with the names used for these ratios by different PWA groups.

  3. Polarization Observables From The Photoproduction Of Omega-Mesons Using Linearly Polarized Photons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, Danny [Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID (United States); Cole, Philip L. [Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID (United States)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the extraction of Polarization Observables Spin Density Matrix Elements (SDMEs), and Beam Asymmetry Sigma for omega meson photoproduction using a beam of linearly polarized photons in the photon energy region of Egamma = 1.3 to 1.7 GeV, by means of the angular distributions of the daughter pions from omega decay. These preliminary results are from the g8b dataset, which were collected with the CLAS detector in Hall B of Jefferson Lab.

  4. Current algebra based effective chiral theory of mesons and a new EW theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bing An Li

    2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A current algebra based effective chiral theory of pseudoscalar, vector, axial-vector mesons is reviewed. A new mechanism generating the masses and guage fixing terms of gauge boson is revealed from this effective theory. A EW theory without Higgs is proposed. The masses and gauge fixing terms of W and Z are dynamically generated. Three heavy scalar fields are dynamically generated too. They are ghosts.

  5. Anti-flow of K$^0_s$ Mesons in 6 AGeV Au + Au Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Chung; N. N. Ajitanand; J. M. Alexander; M. Anderson; D. Best; F. P. Brady; T. Case; W. Caskey; D. Cebra; J. L. Chance; B. Cole; K. Crowe; A. Das; J. E. Draper; M. L. Gilkes; S. Gushue; M. Heffner; A. S. Hirsch; E. L. Hjort; L. Huo; M. Justice; M. Kaplan; D. Keane; J. C. Kintner; J. Klay; D. Krofcheck; R. A. Lacey; J. Lauret; M. A. Lisa; H. Liu; Y. M. Liu; R. McGrath; Z. Milosevich; G. Odyniec; D. L. Olson; S. Y. Panitkin; C. Pinkenburg; N. T. Porile; G. Rai; H. G. Ritter; J. L. Romero; R. Scharenberg; L. Schroeder; B. Srivastava; N. T. BStone; T. J. M. Symons; T. Wienold; R. Witt J. Whitfield; L. Wood; W. N. Zhang

    2001-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We have measured the sideward flow of neutral strange ($K^0_s$) mesons in 6 AGeV Au + Au collisions. A prominent anti-flow signal is observed for an impact parameter range (b $\\lesssim 7$ fm) which spans central and mid-central events. Since the $K^0_s$ scattering cross section is relatively small in nuclear matter, this observation suggests that the in-medium kaon vector potential plays an important role in high density nuclear matter.

  6. The Meson Spectroscopy Program Using the Forward Tagger with CLAS12 at Jefferson Lab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fegan, Stuart [INFN-GENOVA

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 12 GeV upgrade to the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) will enable a new generation of experiments in hadronic nuclear physics at Jefferson Lab, seeking to address fundamental questions in QCD. For example, confirming the existence of exotic states, suggested by both quark models and lattice calculations, would allow gluonic degrees of freedom to be explored, and may help explain the role played by gluons in the QCD interaction. In Experimental Hall B, meson spectroscopy (the MesonEx experiment) will be performed using low Q2 electron scattering to produce quasi-real photons. The scattered electron is detected at small angles by the Forward Tagger device, determining the properties of the photon on an event-by-event basis. This technique has notable advantages over real photon beams, and over hadronic beam experiments, where most experimental data exists. This article will focus on the development of the Forward Tagger by the INFN Genova group, and the proposed MesonEx experiment.

  7. Constraining the strangeness content of the nucleon by measuring the $?$ meson mass shift in nuclear matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philipp Gubler; Keisuke Ohtani

    2015-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The behavior of the $\\phi$ meson at finite density is studied, making use of a QCD sum rule approach in combination with the maximum entropy method. It is demonstrated that a possible mass shift of the $\\phi$ in nuclear matter is strongly correlated to the strangeness content of the nucleon, which is proportional to the strange sigma term, $\\sigma_{sN} = m_s \\langle N | \\overline{s}s | N \\rangle$. Our results furthermore show that, depending on the value of $\\sigma_{sN}$, the $\\phi$ meson could receive both a positive or negative mass shift at nuclear matter density. We find that these results depend only weakly on potential modifications of the width of the $\\phi$ meson peak and on assumptions made on the behavior of four-quark condensates at finite density. To check the stability of our findings, we take into account several higher order corrections to the operator product expansion, including $\\alpha_s$-corrections, terms of higher order in the strange quark mass and terms of higher twist that have not been considered in earlier works.

  8. Posters | Posters --721 Exploring lighting cultures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Posters | Posters -- 721 Exploring lighting cultures Beyond light and emotions Vincent LAGANIER 1 , Jasmine van der POL 2 1. Lighting Applications Services (LiAS), Philips Lighting, France vincent.laganier@philips.com 2

  9. LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verderber, R.R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Floors Floor Area Lighting Power Density Light Output Lampenergy den- sity and power density for lighting to 3.5 kWh/Lighting Level (Lumens/Watt) (Footcandles) Power Density (

  10. Low-Pressure Sodium Lighting Basics

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Low-pressure sodium lighting provides more energy-efficient outdoor lighting than high-intensity discharge lighting, but it has very poor color rendition. Typical applications include highway and security lighting, where color is not important.

  11. Radioluminescent lighting for Alaskan runway lighting and marking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, G.A.; Leonard, L.E.

    1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alaska and other far northern areas have special logistical, environmental, and economic problems that make radioluminescent (RL) lighting applications, especially in the area of airport lighting, an attractive alternative to electrical systems and flare pots. Tests and demonstrations of prototype systems conducted in Alaska over the past two years have proved the basic technological worth of RL airport lighting systems for civilian and military use. If regulatory issues and other factors identified during these tests can be favorably resolved and if the system and its components can be refined through production engineering, attractive applications for RL airfield lighting systems in Alaska and other remote locations could result.

  12. Energy Savings Estimates of Light Emitting Diodes in Niche Lighting...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    in Niche Lighting Applications Prepared for: Building Technologies Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Prepared by: Navigant...

  13. First Measurement of the Transverse-Target Single-Spin Asymmetry in Exclusive Muon-Production of ?0 Mesons at COMPASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiefer, Jasmin

    First Measurement of the Transverse-Target Single-Spin Asymmetry in Exclusive Muon-Production of ?0 Mesons at COMPASS

  14. K{sub e4} decay as a source of information about the ?-particle mass and about the nature of spin-1 mesons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shabalin, E. P., E-mail: shabalin@itep.ru [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Data on the form factors for K{sub e4} decay make it possible to fix the value of a parameter that is not determined by the theory itself and which is contained in the Lagrangian for the system formed by 0{sup +} and 0{sup ?} mesons. This makes it possible to find the mass of the lightest ? meson: m? = 663 MeV. As for the nature of spin-1 mesons, which also contribute to the form factors for K{sub e4} decay, data on them give no way to interpret spin-1 mesons as gauge bosons of chiral theory.

  15. Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alstone, Peter

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as a point of comparison with LED lighting product embodieda fairer comparison between off- grid LED lighting and other

  16. Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls - 2015 Peer Review Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships: Advanced Lighting Controls - 2015 Peer Review...

  17. Overcoming Common Pitfalls: Energy Efficient Lighting Projects...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Overcoming Common Pitfalls: Energy Efficient Lighting Projects Overcoming Common Pitfalls: Energy Efficient Lighting Projects Transcript Presentation More Documents & Publications...

  18. Light modulating device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rauh, R.D.; Goldner, R.B.

    1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity are disclosed. 1 fig.

  19. Energy and lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berman, S.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in research for new types of lighting with increased efficacies (lumens/watt) are discussed in the following areas: (1) high-frequency, solid-state ballasts, (2) isotopic enhancement of mercury isotopes, (3) magnetic augmentation, (4) electrodeless, ultra-high frequency, (5) tuned phosphors, (6) two-photon phosphors, (7) heat mirrors, and (3) advanced control circuits to take advantage of daylight and occupancy. As of 1985, improvements in efficacy have been accomplished on an economic basis to save energy for (1) high-frequency ballasts (25%), (2) isotopic enhancement (5%), and (8) advanced control circuits (up to 50%). Most of these advances depend on a deeper understanding of the weakly ionized plasma as a radiating and diffusing medium. 3 figures, 4 tables.

  20. Light modulating device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rauh, R. David (Newton, MA); Goldner, Ronald B. (Lexington, MA)

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity.

  1. Ultrafast Magnetic Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makarov, Sergey V; Krasnok, Alexander E; Belov, Pavel A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a novel concept for efficient dynamic tuning of optical properties of a high refractive index subwavelength nanoparticle with a magnetic Mie-type resonance by means of femtosecond laser radiation. This concept is based on ultrafast generation of electron-hole plasma within such nanoparticle, drastically changing its transient dielectric permittivity. This allows to manipulate by both electric and magnetic nanoparticle responses, resulting in dramatic changes of its extinction cross section and scattering diagram. Specifically, we demonstrate the effect of ultrafast switching-on a Huygens source in the vicinity of the magnetic dipole resonance. This approach enables to design ultrafast and compact optical switchers and modulators based on the "ultrafast magnetic light" concept.

  2. Automatic Mechetronic Wheel Light Device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Khan, Mohammed John Fitzgerald (Silver Spring, MD)

    2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A wheel lighting device for illuminating a wheel of a vehicle to increase safety and enhance aesthetics. The device produces the appearance of a "ring of light" on a vehicle's wheels as the vehicle moves. The "ring of light" can automatically change in color and/or brightness according to a vehicle's speed, acceleration, jerk, selection of transmission gears, and/or engine speed. The device provides auxiliary indicator lights by producing light in conjunction with a vehicle's turn signals, hazard lights, alarm systems, and etc. The device comprises a combination of mechanical and electronic components and can be placed on the outer or inner surface of a wheel or made integral to a wheel or wheel cover. The device can be configured for all vehicle types, and is electrically powered by a vehicle's electrical system and/or battery.

  3. anticorrelation light yield: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for Light Engineering Websites Summary: Smart lighting: New Roles for Light in the Solid State Lighting World Robert F. Karlicek, Jr as the largest supplier of LED Lighting...

  4. LED Lighting Off the Grid

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    D. & Kammen, D. M. Decentralized energy systems for clean electricity access. Nature Climate Change accepted, in press, (2015). Off-Grid Status Quo : Fuel Based Lighting...

  5. Pedestrian-Friendly Nighttime Lighting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This November 19, 2013 webinar presented issues and considerations related to pedestrian-friendly nighttime lighting, such as color rendering, safety, and adaptation. When it comes to outdoor...

  6. Linac Coherent Light Source Overview

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Take an animated tour of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Follow the laser pulse from the injector gun all the way through to the Far Experimental Hall.

  7. Linac Coherent Light Source Overview

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Take an animated tour of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Follow the laser pulse from the injector gun all the way through to the Far Experimental Hall.

  8. Utility lighting summit proves illuminating

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Utility-lighting-summit-proves-illuminating Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects...

  9. Linac Coherent Light Source Overview

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Take an animated tour of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). Follow the laser pulse from the injector gun all the way through to the Far Experimental Hall.

  10. Lighting with Paint FABIO PELLACINI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pellacini, Fabio

    Lighting with Paint FABIO PELLACINI Dartmouth College and FRANK BATTAGLIA, R. KEITH MORLEY, animation, rendering, optimization, painting ACM Reference Format: Pellacini, F., Battaglia, F., Morley, R

  11. Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institute; David Shiller, Environmental Protection Agency. Program Advisory Committee: Ron Lewis Corporation; Don Aumann, California Lighting Technology Center; Holly Larsen, Larsen Communications

  12. Light-by-Light Scattering Effect in Light-Cone Supergraphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renata Kallosh; Pierre Ramond

    2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a relatively simple explanation of the light-cone supergraph prediction for the UV properties of the maximally supersymmetric theories. It is based on the existence of a dynamical supersymmetry which is not manifest in the light-cone supergraphs. It suggests that N=4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is UV finite and N=8 supergravity is UV finite at least until 7 loops whereas the $n$-point amplitudes have no UV divergences at least until $L=n+3$. Here we show that this prediction can be deduced from the properties of light-cone supergraphs analogous to the light-by-light scattering effect in QED. A technical aspect of the argument relies on the observation that the dynamical supersymmetry action is, in fact, a compensating field-dependent gauge transformation required for the retaining the light-cone gauge condition $A_+=0$.

  13. Energy and system size dependence of phi meson production in Cu+Cu and Au+Au collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STAR Coll

    2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the beam-energy and system-size dependence of {phi} meson production (using the hadronic decay mode {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}) by comparing the new results from Cu + Cu collisions and previously reported Au + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 62.4 and 200 GeV measured in the STAR experiment at RHIC. Data presented are from midrapidity (|y| < 0.5) for 0.4 < p{sub T} < 5 GeV/c. At a given beam energy, the transverse momentum distributions for {phi} mesons are observed to be similar in yield and shape for Cu + Cu and Au + Au colliding systems with similar average numbers of participating nucleons. The {phi} meson yields in nucleus-nucleus collisions, normalized by the average number of participating nucleons, are found to be enhanced relative to those from p + p collisions with a different trend compared to strange baryons. The enhancement for {phi} mesons is observed to be higher at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV compared to 62.4 GeV. These observations for the produced {phi}(s{bar s}) mesons clearly suggest that, at these collision energies, the source of enhancement of strange hadrons is related to the formation of a dense partonic medium in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions and cannot be alone due to canonical suppression of their production in smaller systems.

  14. Quark-Meson Coupling Model, Nuclear Matter Constraints and Neutron Star Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittenbury, D L; Thomas, A W; Tsushima, K; Stone, J R

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the equation of state for nuclear matter in the quark-meson coupling model, including full Fock terms. The comparison with phenomenological constraints can be used to restrict the few additional parameters appearing in the Fock terms which are not present at Hartree level. Because the model is based upon the in-medium modification of the quark structure of the bound hadrons, it can be applied without additional parameters to include hyperons and to calculate the equation of state of dense matter in beta-equilibrium. This leads naturally to a study of the properties of neutron stars, including their maximum mass, their radii and density profiles.

  15. DESY 00037 ISSN 04189833 Elastic Photoproduction of J= and Mesons at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .­B. BrË?oker 2 , D.P. Brown 21 , W. BrË?uckner 12 , P. Bruel 27 , D. Bruncko 16 , J. BË?urger 10 , F.W. B is parameterized as #27; p / W Ã? p with Ã? = 0:83 #6; 0:07. The differential cross section d#27;=dt for J= mesonsË?usser 11 , A. Bunyatyan 12;34 , H. Burkhardt 14 , A. Burrage 18 , G. Buschhorn 25 , A.J. Campbell 10 , J

  16. Comparing partial-wave amplitude parametrization with dynamical models of meson-nucleon scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark W. Paris; Ron L. Workman

    2011-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Relationships between partial-wave amplitude parametrizations, in particular the Chew-Mandelstam approach, and dynamical coupled-channel models are established and investigated. A bare pole corresponding to the Delta(1232) resonance, found in a recent dynamical-model fit to pion- and omega-meson production reactions, compares closely to one found in a unitary multichannel partial-wave amplitude parametrization of SAID. The model dependence of the bare pole precludes a direct connection between the approaches but is suggestive that the dynamical description and the phenomenological parametrization are closely related.

  17. Search for exclusive b?u semileptonic decays of B mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.

    1993-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    VOLUME 70, NUMBER 18 PH YSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 3 MA+ 1993 Search for Exclusive b = u Semileptonic Decays of 8 Mesons A. Bean, ' J. Gronberg, ' R. Kutschke, ' S. Menary, ' R. J. Morrison, ' H. N. Nelson, ' J. D. Richman, ' H. Tajima, ' D. Schmidt, ' D..., due to production of the Y(4S), and a nonresonant (continuum) component that is about 3 times larger. To study the continuum background, we use a 416 pb ' data sample accumulated at vs =10.52 GeV. For 8 p(co)l v, quark models predict that the spec...

  18. Cross sections for hard exclusive electroproduction of pi+ mesons on a hydrogen target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HERMES Collaboration; A. Airapetian

    2007-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The exclusive electroproduction of pi+ mesons was studied with the Hermes spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off an internal hydrogen gas target. The virtual-photon cross sections were measured as a function of the Mandelstam variable t and the squared four momentum -Q^2 of the exchanged virtual photon. A model calculation based on Generalized Parton Distributions is in fair agreement with the data at low values of |t| if power corrections are included. A model calculation based on the Regge formalism gives a good description of the magnitude and the t and Q^2 dependences of the cross section.

  19. Anomalous triple gauge couplings from $B$-meson and kaon observables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bobeth, Christoph

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the three CP-conserving dimension-6 operators that encode the leading new-physics effects in the triple gauge couplings. The contributions to the standard-model electromagnetic dipole and semi-leptonic vector and axial-vector interactions that arise from the insertions of these operators are calculated. We show that radiative and rare $B$-meson decays provide, under certain assumptions, constraints on two out of the three anomalous couplings that are competitive with the restrictions obtained from LEP II, Tevatron and LHC data. The constraints arising from the $Z \\to b \\bar b$ electroweak pseudo observables, $K \\to \\pi \

  20. Distributed data access in the LAMPF (Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility) control system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schaller, S.C.; Bjorklund, E.A.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have extended the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) control system software to allow uniform access to data and controls throughout the control system network. Two aspects of this work are discussed here. Of primary interest is the use of standard interfaces and standard messages to allow uniform and easily expandable inter-node communication. A locally designed remote procedure call protocol will be described. Of further interest is the use of distributed databases to allow maximal hardware independence in the controls software. Application programs use local partial copies of the global device description database to resolve symbolic device names.

  1. Cross sections for hard exclusive electroproduction of $\\pi^{+}$ mesons on a hydrogen target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Airapetian, A; Akopov, Z; Aschenauer, E C; Augustyniak, W; Avetisian, A; Avetissian, E; Barion, L; Belostotskii, S; Bianchi, N; Blok, H P; Böttcher, H; Bonomo, C; Borisov, A; Bryzgalov, V; Burns, J; Capiluppi, M; Capitani, G P; Cisbani, E; Ciullo, G; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Deconinck, W; De Leo, R; Demey, M; De Nardo, L; De Sanctis, E; Diefenthaler, M; Di Nezza, P; Dreschler, J; Düren, M; Ehrenfried, M; Elbakian, G; Ellinghaus, F; Fabbri, R; Fantoni, A; Frullani, S; Gabbert, D; Gapienko, G; Gapienko, V; Garibaldi, F; Gavrilov, G; Karibian, V; Giordano, F; Gliske, S; Guler, H; Hadjidakis, C; Hasch, D; Hill, G; Hillenbrand, A; Hoek, M; Hristova, I; Imazu, Y; Ivanilov, A; Jackson, H E; Joosten, S; Kaiser, R; Keri, T; Kinney, E; Kiselev, A; Kopytin, M; Korotkov, V; Kravchenko, P; Krivokhizhin, V G; Lagamba, L; Lamb, R; Lapikas, L; Lehmann, I; Lenisa, P; Linden-Levy, L A; Lopez Ruiz, A; Lorenzon, W; Lu, S; Lü, X; Mahon, D; Makins, N C R; Marianski, B; Marukyan, H; Miller, C A; Miyachi, Y; Muccifora, V; Murray, M; Mussgiller, A; Nappi, E; Naryshkin, Yu; Nass, A; Negodaev, M; Nowak, W D; Pappalardo, L L; Perez-Benito, R; Pickert, N; Raithel, M; Reimer, P E; Reolon, A R; Riedl, C; Rith, K; Rock, S E; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, A; Rubacek, L; Rubin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Salomatin, Y; Schäfer, A; Schnell, G; Schüler, K P; Seitz, B; Shearer, C; Shibata, T A; Shutov, V; Stancari, M; Statera, M; Steijger, J J M; Stenzel, H; Stewart, J; Stinzing, F; Streit, J; Taroian, S; Thomas, E; Trzcinski, A; Tytgat, M; Vandenbroucke, A; Van der Nat, P B; van der Steenhoven, G; Van Haarlem, Y; Van Hulse, C; Varanda, M; Veretennikov, D; Vikhrov, V; Vilardi, I; Vogel, C; Wang, S; Yaschenko, S; Ye, H; Ye, Z; Yen, S; Yu, W; Zeiler, D; Zihlmann, B; Zupranski, P

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The exclusive electroproduction of pi+ mesons was studied with the Hermes spectrometer at the DESY laboratory by scattering 27.6 GeV positron and electron beams off an internal hydrogen gas target. The virtual-photon cross sections were measured as a function of the Mandelstam variable t and the squared four momentum -Q^2 of the exchanged virtual photon. A model calculation based on Generalized Parton Distributions is in fair agreement with the data at low values of |t| if power corrections are included. A model calculation based on the Regge formalism gives a good description of the magnitude and the t and Q^2 dependences of the cross section.

  2. Critical analysis of quark-meson coupling models for nuclear matter and finite nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horst Mueller; Byron K. Jennings

    1998-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Three versions of the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model are applied to describe properties of nuclear matter and finite nuclei. The models differ in the treatment of the bag constant and in terms of nonlinear scalar self-interactions. As a consequence opposite predictions for the medium modifications of the internal nucleon structure arise. After calibrating the model parameters at equilibrium nuclear matter density, binding energies, charge radii, single-particle spectra and density distributions of spherical nuclei are analyzed and compared with QHD calculations. For the models which predict a decreasing size of the nucleon in the nuclear environment, unrealistic features of the nuclear shapes arise.

  3. Measurements of phi meson production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at RHIC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STAR Coll

    2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results for the measurement of {phi} meson production via its charged kaon decay channel {phi} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} in Au + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 62.4, 130, and 200 GeV, and in p + p and d + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV from the STAR experiment at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The midrapidity (|y| < 0.5) {phi} meson transverse momentum (p{sub T}) spectra in central Au + Au collisions are found to be well described by a single exponential distribution. On the other hand, the p{sub T} spectra from p + p, d + Au and peripheral Au + Au collisions show power-law tails at intermediate and high p{sub T} and are described better by Levy distributions. The constant {phi}/K{sup -} yield ratio vs beam species, collision centrality and colliding energy is in contradiction with expectations from models having kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for {phi} production at RHIC. The {Omega}/{phi} yield ratio as a function of p{sub T} is consistent with a model based on the recombination of thermal s quarks up to p{sub T} {approx} 4 GeV/c, but disagrees at higher transverse momenta. The measured nuclear modification factor, R{sub dAu}, for the {phi} meson increases above unity at intermediate p{sub T}, similar to that for pions and protons, while R{sub AA} is suppressed due to the energy loss effect in central Au + Au collisions. Number of constituent quark scaling of both R{sub cp} and v{sub 2} for the {phi} meson with respect to other hadrons in Au + Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV at intermediate p{sub T} is observed. These observations support quark coalescence as being the dominant mechanism of hadronization in the intermediate p{sub T} region at RHIC.

  4. Defining medium-specific condensates in QCD sum rules for $D$ and $B$ mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Buchheim; T. Hilger; B. Kampfer

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    QCD sum rules for $D$ and $B$ mesons in a strongly interacting environment require the decomposition of Gibbs averaged operators related to tensor structures. We present a procedure to decompose these operators into vacuum and medium-specific parts, thus defining plain medium-specific condensates with coefficients vanishing in vacuum. Our decomposition allows for an identification of potential elements of order parameters for chiral restoration, in particular for higher mass-dimension quark-condensates which would be masked otherwise if operators with uncontracted Lorentz indices would be linked to DIS amplitudes.

  5. OLED lighting devices having multi element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Krummacher, Benjamin Claus (Regensburg, DE); Antoniadis, Homer (Mountain View, CA)

    2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus such as a light source has a multi element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer disposed over a transparent layer of the light source and on the exterior of said light source. The multi-element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer includes a plurality of light extraction elements and a plurality of luminescence conversion elements. The light extraction elements diffuses the light from the light source while luminescence conversion elements absorbs a first spectrum of light from said light source and emits a second spectrum of light.

  6. Device structure for OLED light device having multi element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Antoniadis; Homer (Mountain View, CA), Krummacher; Benjamin Claus (Regensburg, DE)

    2008-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus such as a light source has a multi-element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer disposed over a transparent layer of the light source and on the exterior of said light source. The multi-element light extraction and luminescence conversion layer includes a plurality of light extraction elements and a plurality of luminescence conversion elements. The light extraction elements diffuses the light from the light source while luminescence conversion elements absorbs a first spectrum of light from said light source and emits a second spectrum of light.

  7. Induction Lighting: An Old Lighting Technology Made New Again...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    25 years if operated 10 hours a day. The technology, however, is far from new. Nikola Tesla demonstrated induction lighting in the late 1890s around the same time that his rival,...

  8. Using QECBs for Street Lighting Upgrades: Lighting the Way to...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Summarizes how the City of San Diego leveraged 13.1 million in qualified energy conservation bonds to increase the size of a street lighting upgrade project. Author: Lawrence...

  9. Quasi light fields: Extending the light field to coherent radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Accardi, Anthony J.

    Imaging technologies such as dynamic viewpoint generation are engineered for incoherent radiation using the traditional light field, and for coherent radiation using electromagnetic field theory. We present a model of ...

  10. Mass spectrum of diquarks and mesons in the color--flavor locked phase of dense quark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, D; Yudichev, V L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The spectrum of meson and diquark excitations of dense quark matter is considered in the framework of the Nambu -- Jona-Lasinio model with three types of massless quarks in the presense of a quark number chemical potential $\\mu$. We investigate the effective action of meson- and diquark fields both at sufficiently large values of $\\mu>\\mu_c\\approx 330$ MeV, where the color--flavor locked (CFL) phase is realized, and in the chirally broken phase of quark matter ($\\mu\\mu_c$.

  11. Measurement of D* Mesons in Jets from p + p Collisions at sqrt s = 200 GeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    STAR Coll

    2009-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the measurement of charged D* mesons in inclusive jets produced in proton-proton collisions at a center of mass energy {radical}s = 200 GeV with the STAR experiment at RHIC. For D* mesons with fractional momenta 0.2 < z < 0.5 in inclusive jets with 11.5 GeV mean transverse energy, the production rate is found to be N(D*{sup +} + D*{sup -})/N(jet) = 0.015 {+-} 0.008(stat) {+-} 0.007(sys). This rate is consistent with perturbative QCD evaluation of gluon splitting into a pair of charm quarks and subsequent hadronization.

  12. 46th Street Pilot Street Lighting Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Street to 48th Street) as standard high-pressure sodium (HPS) lighting comparison corridor #12;The over time #12;Initial Lighting Comparison #12;Lighting Project Location #12;Street Light Layout 3046th Street Pilot Street Lighting Project A Joint Venture: Hennepin County & City of Minneapolis

  13. Projection screen having reduced ambient light scattering

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus and method for improving the contrast between incident projected light and ambient light reflected from a projection screen are described. The efficiency of the projection screen for reflection of the projected light remains high, while permitting the projection screen to be utilized in a brightly lighted room. Light power requirements from the projection system utilized may be reduced.

  14. Identifying Lights with their Switches Jayadev Misra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Misra, Jayadev

    Identifying Lights with their Switches Jayadev Misra 09/07/2012 Problem Description Given are N switches and N lights where each switch controls exactly one light and each light is controlled by exactly of selecting some number of switches and turning them on, and, presumably, noting the lights that come

  15. Inorganic volumetric light source excited by ultraviolet light

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reed, S.; Walko, R.J.; Ashley, C.S.; Brinker, C.J.

    1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The invention relates to a composition for the volumetric generation of radiation. The composition comprises a porous substrate loaded with a component capable of emitting radiation upon interaction with an exciting radiation. Preferably, the composition is an aerogel substrate loaded with a component, e.g., a phosphor, capable of interacting with exciting radiation of a first energy, e.g., ultraviolet light, to produce radiation of a second energy, e.g., visible light. 4 figures.

  16. Saturable absorption and 'slow light'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrian C Selden

    2006-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantitative evaluation of some recent 'slow light' experiments based on coherent population oscillations (CPO) shows that they can be more simply interpreted as saturable absorption phenomena. Therefore they do not provide an unambiguous demonstration of 'slow light'. Indeed a limiting condition on the spectral bandwidth is not generally satisfied, such that the requirements for burning a narrow spectral hole in the homogeneously broadened absorption line are not met. Some definitive tests of 'slow light' phenomena are suggested, derived from analysis of phase shift and pulse delay for a saturable absorber

  17. Phenomenology of a very light scalar (100 MeV $

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson D. Clarke; Robert Foot; Raymond R. Volkas

    2014-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we investigate the phenomenology of a very light scalar, $h$, with mass 100 MeV $meson decays and fixed target experiments are reviewed. We also examine prospects at the LHC. For $m_h \\lesssim m_B$ the dominant production mechanism is via meson decay; our main result is the calculation of the differential $p_T$ spectrum of $h$ scalars originating from B mesons and the subsequent prediction of up to thousands of moderate (triggerable) $p_T$ displaced dimuons possibly hiding in the existing dataset at ATLAS/CMS or at LHCb. We also demonstrate that the subdominant $Vh$ production channel has the best sensitivity for $m_h \\gtrsim m_B$ and that future bounds in this region could conceivably compete with those of LEP.

  18. Observation and study of the baryonic B-meson decays B?D(*)pp?(?)(?)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Hooberman, B.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I. L.; Tanabe, T.; Hawkes, C. M.; Watson, A. T.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Asgeirsson, D. J.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Khan, A.; Randle-Conde, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Yushkov, A. N.; Bondioli, M.; Curry, S.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Mandelkern, M.; Martin, E. C.; Stoker, D. P.; Atmacan, H.; Gary, J. W.; Liu, F.; Long, O.; Vitug, G. M.; Campagnari, C.; Flanigan, J. M.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Richman, J. D.; West, C.; Eisner, A. M.; Heusch, C. A.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W. S.; Martinez, A. J.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Winstrom, L. O.; Cheng, C. H.; Doll, D. A.; Echenard, B.; Hitlin, D. G.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F. C.; Rakitin, A. Y.; Andreassen, R.; Dubrovin, M. S.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Nagel, M.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Jasper, H.; Karbach, T. M.; Merkel, J.; Petzold, A.; Spaan, B.; Wacker, K.; Kobel, M. J.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Clark, P. J.; Playfer, S.; Watson, J. E.; Andreotti, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cecchi, A.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Franchini, P.; Luppi, E.; Munerato, M.; Negrini, M.; Petrella, A.; Piemontese, L.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Nicolaci, M.; Pacetti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Tosi, S.; Bhuyan, B.; Prasad, V.; Lee, C. L.; Morii, M.; Adametz, A.; Marks, J.; Uwer, U.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Ebert, M.; Lacker, H. M.; Lueck, T.; Volk, A.; Dauncey, P. D.; Tibbetts, M.; Behera, P. K.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Dong, L.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Rubin, A. E.; Gritsan, A. V.; Guo, Z. J.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Derkach, D.; Firmino da Costa, J.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Perez, A.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M. H.; Serrano, J.; Sordini, V.; Stocchi, A.; Wang, L.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Bingham, I.; Chavez, C. A.; Coleman, J. P.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Sigamani, M.; Cowan, G.; Paramesvaran, S.; Wren, A. C.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Hafner, A.; Alwyn, K. E.; Bailey, D.; Barlow, R. J.; Jackson, G.; Lafferty, G. D.; Anderson, J.; Cenci, R.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Simi, G.; Tuggle, J. M.; Dallapiccola, C.; Salvati, E.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Sciolla, G.; Zhao, M.; Lindemann, D.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Schram, M.; Biassoni, P.; Lazzaro, A.; Lombardo, V.; Palombo, F.; Stracka, S.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D. J.; Nguyen, X.; Simard, M.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Snoek, H. L.; Jessop, C. P.; Knoepfel, K. J.; LoSecco, J. M.; Wang, W. F.; Corwin, L. A.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Morris, J. P.; Blount, N. L.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Igonkina, O.; Kolb, J. A.; Rahmat, R.; Sinev, N. B.; Strom, D.; Strube, J.; Torrence, E.; Castelli, G.; Feltresi, E.; Gagliardi, N.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Hamon, O.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Prendki, J.; Sitt, S.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Rossi, A.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Neri, N.; Paoloni, E.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Lu, C.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Telnov, A. V.; Anulli, F.; Baracchini, E.; Cavoto, G.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Li Gioi, L.; Mazzoni, M. A.; Piredda, G.; Renga, F.; Hartmann, T.; Leddig, T.; Schröder, H.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Franek, B.; Olaiya, E. O.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Hamel de Monchenault, G.; Vasseur, G.; Yèche, Ch.; Zito, M.; Allen, M. T.; Aston, D.; Bard, D. J.; Bartoldus, R.; Benitez, J. F.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dunwoodie, W.; Field, R. C.; Franco Sevilla, M.; Fulsom, B. G.; Gabareen, A. M.; Graham, M. T.; Grenier, P.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kelsey, M. H.; Kim, H.; Kim, P.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results for B-meson decay modes involving a charm meson, protons, and pions using 455×10? BB¯¯¯ pairs recorded by the BaBar detector at the SLAC PEP-II asymmetric-energy e?e? collider. The branching fractions are measured for the following ten decays: B¯¯¯??D?pp?, B¯¯¯??D*?pp?, B¯¯¯??D?pp???, B¯¯¯??D*?pp???, B??D?pp???, B??D*?pp???, B¯¯¯??D?pp?????, B¯¯¯??D*?pp?????, B??D?pp?????, and B??D*?pp?????. The four B? and the two five-body B¯¯¯? modes are observed for the first time. The four-body modes are enhanced compared to the three- and the five-body modes. In the three-body modes, the M(pp?) and M(D(*)?p) invariant-mass distributions show enhancements near threshold values. In the four-body mode B¯¯¯??D?pp???, the M(p??) distribution shows a narrow structure of unknown origin near 1.5 GeV/c². The distributions for the five-body modes, in contrast to the others, are similar to the expectations from uniform phase-space predictions.

  19. $\\eta$ meson production of high-energy nuclear collisions at NLO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Wei; Zhang, Ben-Wei; Wang, Enke

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The transverse momentum spectrum of $\\eta$ meson in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is studied at the next-to-leading-order (NLO) within the perturbative QCD, where the jet quenching effect in the QGP is incorporated with the effectively medium-modified $\\eta$ fragmentation functions using the higher-twist approach. We show that the theoretical simulations could give nice descriptions of PHENIX data on $\\eta$ meson in both $\\rm p+p$ and central $\\rm Au+Au$ collisions at the RHIC, and also provide numerical predictions of $\\eta$ spectra in central $\\rm Pb+Pb$ collisions with $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.76$~TeV at the LHC. The ratios of $\\eta/\\pi^0$ in $\\rm p+p$ and in central $\\rm Au+Au$ collisions at $200$~GeV are found to overlap in a wide $p_T$ region, which matches well the measured ratio $\\eta / \\pi^0$ by PHENIX. We demonstrate that, at the asymptotic region when $p_{T} \\rightarrow \\infty$ the ratios of $\\eta/\\pi^{0}$ in both $\\rm Au+Au$ and $\\rm p+p$ are almost determined only by quark jets fragmentation and thus...

  20. Pair Production of Heavy Quarkonium and $B_c(^*)$ Mesons at Hadron Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong Li; Yu-Jie Zhang; Kuang-Ta Chao

    2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the pair production of S-wave heavy quarkonium at the LHC in the color-singlet mechanism (CSM) and estimate the contribution from the gluon fragmentation process in the color-octet mechanism (COM) for comparison. With the matrix elements extracted previously in the leading order calculations, the numerical results show that the production rates are quite large for the pair production processes at the LHC. The $p_t$ distribution of double $J/\\psi$ production in the CSM is dominant over that in the COM when $p_t$ is smaller than about 8GeV. For the production of double $\\Upsilon$, the contribution of the COM is always larger than that in the CSM. The large differences in the theoretical predictions between the CSM and COM for the $p_t$ distributions in the large $p_t$ region are useful in clarifying the effects of COM on the quarkonium production. We also investigate the pair production of S-wave $B_c$ and $B_c^*$ mesons, and the measurement of these processes is useful to test the CSM and extract the LDMEs for the $B_c$ and $B_c^*$ mesons.

  1. Measurement of the Mass and Width of the Ds1(2536)+ Meson

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Palano, A.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Bari /Bari U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The decay width and mass of the D{sub s1}(2536){sup +} meson are measured via the decay channel D{sub s1}{sup +} {yields} D*{sup +} K{sub S}{sup 0} using 385 fb{sup -1} of data recorded with the BABAR detector in the vicinity of the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy electron-positron collider. The result for the decay width is {Gamma}(D{sub s1}{sup +}) = 0.92 {+-} 0.03 (stat.) {+-} 0.04 (syst.)MeV. For the mass, a value of m(D{sub s1}{sup +}) = 2535.08 {+-} 0.01 (stat.) {+-} 0.15 (syst.)MeV/c{sup 2} is obtained. The mass difference between the D{sub s1}{sup +} and the D*{sup +} is measured to be m(D{sub s1}{sup +})-m(D*{sup +}) = 524.83 {+-} 0.01 (stat.) {+-} 0.04 (syst.)MeV/c{sup 2}, representing a significant improvement compared to the current world average. The unnatural spin-parity assignment for the D{sub s1}{sup +} meson is confirmed.

  2. Status and prospects for $CPT$ and Lorentz invariance violation searches in neutral meson mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeroen van Tilburg; Maarten van Veghel

    2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview of current experimental bounds on $CPT$ violation in neutral meson mixing is given. New values for the $CPT$ asymmetry in the $B^0$ and $B_s^0$ systems are deduced from published BaBar, Belle and LHCb results. With dedicated analyses, LHCb will be able to further improve the bounds on $CPT$ violation in the $D^0$, $B^0$ and $B_s^0$ systems. Since $CPT$ violation implies violation of Lorentz invariance in an interacting local quantum field theory, the observed $CPT$ asymmetry will exhibit sidereal- and boost-dependent variations. Such $CPT$-violating and Lorentz-violating effects are accommodated in the framework of the Standard-Model Extension (SME). The large boost of the neutral mesons produced at LHCb results in a high sensitivity to the corresponding SME coefficients. For the $B^0$ and $B_s^0$ systems, using existing LHCb results, we determine with high precision the SME coefficients that are not varying with sidereal time. With a full sidereal analysis, LHCb will be able to improve the existing SME bounds in the $D^0$, $B^0$ and $B_s^0$ systems by up to two orders of magnitude.

  3. Next Generation Light Source Workshops

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Next Generation Light Source Workshops A series of workshops will be held in late August with the goal of refining the scientific drivers for the facility and translating the...

  4. Columbia Water & Light- Solar Rebates

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Columbia Water & Light electric customers are eligible for a $400 rebate for the purchase of a new solar water heater. To apply for this rebate, a customer submits a pre-approval application to...

  5. Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; James Bryan, Arden Realty; Peter Ngai, Peerless; David Malman, Architectural Lighting Design; Ron Lewis) ; Terry McGowan, ALA; Adriana Valencia (CPUC alternate). Program Advisory Committee: Ron Lewis; Holly Larsen, Larsen Communications. Please cite this repor

  6. Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Design Group; Bill Daiber, WFD Associates. Program Advisory Committee: Ron Lewis, Department of Energy Buchan, Sacramento Municipal Utility District. Editorial assistance: Holly Larsen, Larsen Communications Lighting Technology Center; Holly Larsen, Larsen Communications. Please cite

  7. Arnold Schwarzenegger LIGHTING RESEARCH PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the contribution of the below individuals: Program Advisory Committee: Ron Lewis, Department of Energy; Jerry Mills Lighting Technology Center; Holly Larsen, Larsen Communications. Please cite this report as follows

  8. Light Duty Vehicle CNG Tanks

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Light Duty Vehicle CNG Tanks Dane A. Boysen, PhD Program Director Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, US DOE dane.boysen@doe.gov Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite...

  9. Novel phosphors for solid state lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furman, Joshua D

    2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid state white light emitting diode lighting devices outperform conventional light sources in terms of lifetime, durability, and lumens per watt. However, the capital contribution is still to high to encourage widespread adoption. Furthermore...

  10. Toward ZnO Light Emitting Diode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jianlin

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    applications such as light emitting diodes (LEDs) and laser009 "Toward ZnO Light Emitting Diode" Jianlin Liu July 2008Title: “Toward ZnO Light Emitting Diode” Sponsor: UC Energy

  11. CAMPUS INFRASTRUCTURE & SERVICES CIS-Standard-Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viglas, Anastasios

    ...........................................................................................................5 5.6 Light fittings and lux performance requirements for various University space types.....5 5...........................................................................12 5.8 EXTERIOR LIGHTING.......................................................................................................12 5.8.2 Exterior Light Poles, Fixings and Wiring

  12. EECBG Success Story: Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility,...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    New LED lighting fixtures (right) emit a whiter light than existing high-pressure sodium cobra head streetlights (left) and don't spill light onto nearby houses. | Photos courtesy...

  13. Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alstone, Peter

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Comparedto Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity28, no. 4, pp. 533-546. Lighting Africa (prepared by Dalberg

  14. LIGHT SCATTERING STUDIES OF SILICA AEROGELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, A.J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    van de Hulst, H.C. , Light Scattering by Small Particles,A New Polarization-Modulated Light Scattering Instrument,"and interpretation of light scattering effects in aerogels.

  15. Advanced Light Source Activity Report 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tamura Ed., Lori S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    upgrade on the Advanced Light Source," Nucl. Instrum. Meth.n photoemission at the Advanced Light Source," Radiât. Phys.high-pressure studies at the Advanced Light Source w i t h a

  16. Beyond the Replacement Paradigm: Smart Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salama, Khaled

    Switches · Smart Building & Grid Interfaces · Efficient full spectrum LEDs without droop · Versatile, low - Visible Light Communications Integration of smart fixtures, networked sensors and control systemsBeyond the Replacement Paradigm: Smart Lighting Robert F. Karlicek, Jr. Director, Smart Lighting

  17. Lumental : web-based tunable lighting control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Harrison King

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dynamically adjusting the light spectrum of spectrum-tunable light fixtures promises significant energy savings over binary or incremental dimming control. To enable this level of controllability, lighting must evolve from ...

  18. Lighting and GeometryLighting and Geometry Prof. Michael Misha Kazhdan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fröhlich, Peter

    Lighting and GeometryLighting and Geometry Prof. Michael Misha Kazhdan misha· The viewer · The lights N Viewer · The lights · The geometry · The surface properties N L2 V Viewer L1Outline · Surface Properties (Review) · Lighting· Lighting · Geometry· Geometry #12;Surface Properties (Review

  19. Is Light-Tree Structure Optimal for Multicast Routing in Sparse Light Splitting WDM Networks?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Is Light-Tree Structure Optimal for Multicast Routing in Sparse Light Splitting WDM Networks? Fen session in sparse light splitting Wavelength Divi- sion Multiplexing (WDM) networks, a light as possible. Different from a light- tree, a light-hierarchy accepts cycles, which are used to traverse

  20. New Laser's "First Light" Shatters Record | Jefferson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Jefferson National Accelerator Facility have delivered first light from their Free Electron Laser (FEL). Only 2 years after ground was broken for the FEL, infrared light of more...

  1. Sandia National Laboratories: Solid-State Lighting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    light, which could also impact so-called smart (or higher functionality) lighting, another . Among InGaN ... Research Challenge 3: Competing Radiative and...

  2. Indianapolis Power & Light- Business Energy Incentives Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Indiana Power and Light Business (IPL) Energy Incentives Program assists commercial and industrial customers with reducing energy consumption through three common types of equipment: lighting,...

  3. Municipal Consortium LED Street Lighting Workshop Presentations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Controls Norma Isahakian, City of Los Angeles Bureau of Street Lighting San Jose's "Smart" LED Streetlights: Controlled Amy Olay, City of San Jose Adaptive Lighting Controls...

  4. OTEC- Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Oregon Trail Electric Consumers Cooperative (OTEC) offers a commercial lighting retrofit program that provides rebates for commercial businesses that change existing lighting to more energy...

  5. THE LUMINA PROJECT http://light.lbl.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    components for the LED lights. #12;2 Introduction Solid-state lighting based on light emitting diode (LED

  6. Oscillating light wall above a sunspot light bridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Shuhong; Jiang, Fayu; Xiang, Yongyuan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the high tempo-spatial \\emph{Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph} 1330 {\\AA} images, we find that many bright structures are rooted in the light bridge of NOAA 12192, forming a \\emph{light wall}. The light wall is brighter than the surrounding areas, and the wall top is much brighter than the wall body. The New Vacuum Solar Telescope H$\\alpha$ and the \\emph{Solar Dynamics Observatory} 171 {\\AA} and 131 {\\AA} images are also used to study the light wall properties. In 1330 {\\AA}, 171 {\\AA}, and 131 {\\AA}, the top of the wall has a higher emission, while in the H$\\alpha$ line, the wall top emission is very low. The wall body corresponds to bright areas in 1330 {\\AA} and dark areas in the other lines. The top of the light wall moves upward and downward successively, performing oscillations in height. The deprojected mean height, amplitude, oscillation velocity, and the dominant period are determined to be 3.6 Mm, 0.9 Mm, 15.4 km s$^{-1}$, and 3.9 min, respectively. We interpret the oscillations of the lig...

  7. Measuring the $b$-jet tagging efficiency on $c$-jets containing $D^{*+}$ mesons with ATLAS data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferretto, A; The ATLAS collaboration

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The identification of jets originating from $b$-quarks ($b$-tagging) is a crucial tool for the LHC physics program, both for precision measurements and in searches for new particles. One important ingredient when using $b$-tagging in physics analyses is the determination of the probability to mistakenly $b$-tag a jet originating from a $c$-quark ($c$-tag efficiency). The optimal sample for the measurements of the $c$-tag efficiency would be a clean sample of jets originating from $c$-quarks. The sample of jets associated to reconstructed $D^{?+}$ mesons (through the decay chain $D^{*+} \\rightarrow D^0 \\pi^+ \\rightarrow K^- \\pi^+ \\pi^+$) is quite close to this ideal case since most $D^{*+}$ mesons originate from $c$-quark hadronization. The $c$-tag efficiency has been measured by comparing the reduction in the yield of $D^{*+}$ mesons before and after the $b$-tagging requirement of the associated jet. The contamination from $D^{*+}$ mesons that originate from $b$-hadron decays has been taken into account usi...

  8. Measuring the $b$-jet tagging efficiency on $c$-jets containing $D^{*+}$ mesons with ATLAS data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferretto, A; The ATLAS collaboration

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The identification of jets originating from $b$-quarks ($b$-tagging) is a crucial tool for the LHC physics program, both for precision measurements and in searches for new particles. One important ingredient when using $b$-tagging in physics analyses is the determination of the probability to mistakenly $b$-tag a jet originating from a $c$-quark ($c$-tag efficiency). The optimal sample for the measurements of the $c$-tag efficiency would be a clean sample of jets originating from $c$-quarks. The sample of jets associated to reconstructed $D^{*+}$ mesons (through the decay chain $D^{*+}\\to D^0\\pi^+\\to K^-\\pi^+\\pi^+$) is quite close to this ideal case since most $D^{*+}$ mesons originate from $c$-quark hadronization. The $c$-tag efficiency has been measured by comparing the reduction in the yield of $D^{*+}$ mesons before and after the $b$-tagging requirement of the associated jet. The contamination from $D^{*+}$ mesons that originate from $b$-hadron decays has been taken into account using a fit to the $D^0$ p...

  9. Measurements of phi meson production in relativistic heavy-ion collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abelev, B. I.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Bai, Y.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baudot, J.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D. R.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Betts, R. R.; Bhardwaj, S.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A. K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielcik, J.; Bielcikova, J.; Biritz, B.; Bland, L. C.; Blyth, S. -L; Bombara, M.; Bonner, B. E.; Botje, M.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bruna, E.; Bueltmann, S.; Burton, T. P.; Bystersky, M.; Cai, X. Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M. Calderon de la Barca; Callner, J.; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M. C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H. F.; Chen, J. H.; Chen, J. Y.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K. E.; Christie, W.; Chung, S. U.; Clarke, R. F.; Codrington, M. J. M.; Coffin, J. P.; Cormier, T. M.; Cosentino, M. R.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; Daugherity, M.; De Silva, C.; Dedovich, T. G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A. A.; de Souza, R. Derradi; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dogra, S. M.; Dong, X.; Drachenberg, J. L.; Draper, J. E.; Du, F.; Dunlop, J. C.; Mazumdar, M. R. Dutta; Edwards, W. R.; Efimov, L. G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng, A.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, Carl A.; Gaillard, L.; Gangadharan, D. R.; Ganti, M. S.; Garcia-Solis, E.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y. N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Grube, B.; Guertin, S. M.; Guimaraes, K. S. F. F.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T. J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J. W.; He, W.; Heinz, M.; Heppelmann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hoffman, A. M.; Hoffmann, G. W.; Hofman, D. J.; Hollis, R. S.; Huang, H. Z.; Humanic, T. J.; Igo, G.; Iordanova, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W. W.; Jakl, P.; Jin, F.; Jones, P. G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E. G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitan, J.; Kaplan, M.; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Khodyrev, V. Yu; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S. R.; Knospe, A. G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D. D.; Kopytine, M.; Kotchenda, L.; Kouchpil, V.; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V. I.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kuhn, C.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M. A. C.; Landgraf, J. M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednicky, R.; Lee, C. -H; LeVine, M. J.; Li, C.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lin, X.; Lindenbaum, S. J.; Lisa, M. A.; Liu, F.; Liu, H.; Liu, J.; Liu, L.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W. J.; Longacre, R. S.; Love, W. A.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Lynn, D.; Ma, G. L.; Ma, J. G.; Ma, Y. G.; Mahapatra, D. P.; Majka, R.; Mall, M. I.; Mangotra, L. K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Matis, H. S.; Matulenko, Yu A.; McShane, T. S.; Meschanin, A.; Millane, J.; Miller, M. L.; Minaev, N. G.; Mioduszewski, Saskia; Mischke, A.; Mitchell, J.; Mohanty, B.; Morozov, D. A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B. K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J. M.; Nepali, C.; Netrakanti, P. K.; Ng, M. J.; Nogach, L. V.; Nurushev, S. B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okada, H.; Okorokov, V.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B. S.; Pal, S. K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S. C.; Planinic, M.; Pluta, J.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A. M.; Potukuchi, B. V. K. S.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N. K.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R. L.; Reed, R.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H. G.; Roberts, J. B.; Rogachevskiy, O. V.; Romero, J. L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Russcher, M. J.; Rykov, V.; Sahoo, R.; Sakrejda, I.; Sakuma, T.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarsour, M.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R. P.; Schmitz, N.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Seyboth, P.; Shabetai, A.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S. S.; Shi, X. -H; Sichtermann, E. P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R. N.; Skoby, M. J.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H. M.; Srivastava, B.; Stadnik, A.; Stanislaus, T. D. S.; Staszak, D.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A. A. P.; Suarez, M. C.; Subba, N. L.; Sumbera, M.; Sun, X. M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T. J. M.; de Toledo, A. Szanto; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A. H.; Tang, Z.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J. H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A. R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlusty; Tokarev, M.; Trainor, T. A.; Tram, V. N.; Trattner, A. L.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, Robert E.; Tsai, O. D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D. G.; Van Buren, G.; van Leeuwen, M.; Vander Molen, A. M.; Vanfossen, J. A.; Varma, R., Jr.; Vasconcelos, G. M. S.; Vasilevski, I. M.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Videbaek, F.; Vigdor, S. E.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S. A.; Wada, M.; Waggoner, W. T.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, J. S.; Wang, Q.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s quarks up to p(T) similar to 4 GeV/c, but disagrees at higher transverse momenta. The measured nuclear modification factor, R(dAu), for the phi meson increases above unity at intermediate p(T), similar to that for pions and protons, while R...

  10. The semileptonic decays of $B/B_s$ meson in the perturbative QCD approach: A short review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhen-Jun Xiao; Ying-Ying Fan; Wen-Fei Wang; Shan Cheng

    2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this short review, we present the current status about the theoretical and experimental studies for some important semileptonic decays of $B/B_s$ mesons. We firstly gave a brief introduction for the experimental measurements for $B/B_s \\to P (l^+l^-, l^-\\bar{\

  11. Production of heavy flavor and photons on high-energy colliders, and rare decays of heavy mesons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Production of heavy flavor and photons on high-energy colliders, and rare decays of heavy mesons (FCNC) decay ¯B0 ¯K0 e+ e- K- + e+ e-. Prompt photon production in pp (p¯p) collisions. Production measurement of photon polarization is difficult, therefore one can instead use virtual-photon production b

  12. Bounds on the CP asymmetry in like-sign dileptons from B-0(B)over-bar(0) meson decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Besson, David Zeke; Bean, Alice; Ammar, Raymond G.

    2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have measured the charge asymmetry in like-sign dilepton yields from B-0(B) over bar (0) meson decays using the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. We find a(ll)(0) drop [N(l(+)l(+))-N(l(-)l(-))]/[N(l(+)l(+)) ...

  13. Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Street...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Street Lighting, Final Report Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Street Lighting, Final Report This...

  14. LED Provides Effective and Efficient Parking Area Lighting at...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    White Light Options for Parking Area Lighting Demonstration Assessment of Light Emitting Diode (LED) Street Lighting, Final Report Guide to FEMP-Designated Parking Lot...

  15. Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer Case Lighting Demonstration Assessment of Light-Emitting Diode (LED) Freezer Case Lighting This document is a report...

  16. Light Field Denoising, Light Field Superresolution and Stereo Camera Based Refocussing using a GMM Light Field Patch Prior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellor-Crummey, John

    Light Field Denoising, Light Field Superresolution and Stereo Camera Based Refocussing using a GMM Light Field Patch Prior Kaushik Mitra and Ashok Veeraraghavan ECE, Rice University Houston, Tx 77005 Kaushik.Mitra@rice.edu, vashok@rice.edu Abstract With the recent availability of commercial light field

  17. Radiative decays of the psi(3097) to two meson final states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Einsweiler, K.F.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The MARK III detector operating at the SPEAR storage ring has acquired a sample of 2.7 x 10/sup 6/ produced psi(3097)'s. These events are used to investigate the radiative decays of the psi to two meson final states. Such decays are of topical interest because of the unusual QCD laboratory they provide - of particular interest is the possibility of observing glueball states. The process psi ..-->.. ..gamma pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/ is studied. The f(1270) tensor meson is observed and the helicity structure of its production is measured. The data indicate that helicity 2 is suppressed, in disagreement with lowest order QCD calculations. Evidence is presented for the first observation of the theta(1700) in the ..pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/ final state. The strong, but not complete, suppression of this state in the ..pi pi.. channel, combined with the absence of a J/sup P/ = 2/sup +/ signal in a recent MARK III analysis of psi ..-->.. ..gamma.. rho rho, suggest a very mysterious nature for the theta(1700). The process psi ..-->.. ..gamma..K/sup +/K/sup -/ is also studied. The f'(1515) tensor meson is observed with a branching ratio in agreement with the SU(3) symmetry prediction for the standard two gluon radiative decay diagram with no mixing corrections. The helicity structure of the f'(1515) is measured for the first time, and is found to be similar to that of the f(1270). The theta(1700) is observed with high statistics. Its spin and parity are measured, with the result that J/sup P/ = 2/sup +/ is preferred over J/sup P/ = 0/sup +/ at the 99.9% C.L. In addition, evidence is presented for a remarkable narrow state, designated the xi(2220). Its parameters are measured to be: m = 2.218 +- 0.003 +- 0.010 GeV, GAMMA less than or equal to 0.040 GeV at 95% C.L., and BR(psi ..-->.. ..gamma..xi(2220))BR(xi(2220) ..-->.. K/sup +/K/sup -/) = (5.7 +- 1.9 +- 1.4) x 10/sup -5/.

  18. Dispersive approach to hadronic light-by-light scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilberto Colangelo; Martin Hoferichter; Massimiliano Procura; Peter Stoffer

    2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on dispersion theory, we present a formalism for a model-independent evaluation of the hadronic light-by-light contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. In particular, we comment on the definition of the pion pole in this framework and provide a master formula that relates the effect from pi pi intermediate states to the partial waves for the process gamma^* gamma^* --> pi pi. All contributions are expressed in terms of on-shell form factors and scattering amplitudes, and as such amenable to an experimental determination.

  19. Nuclear modification and elliptic flow measurements for $?$ mesons at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV d+Au and Au+Au collisions by PHENIX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dipali Pal

    2005-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the first results of the nuclear modification factors and elliptic flow of the phi mesons measured by the PHENIX experiment at RHIC in high luminosity Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV. The nuclear modification factors R_AA and R_CP of the phi follow the same trend of suppression as pi0's in Au+Au collisions. In d+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN) = 200 GeV, the phi mesons are not suppressed. The elliptic flow of the phi mesons, measured in the minimum bias Au+Au events, is statistically consistent with other identified particles.

  20. Observation of different azimuthal emission patterns for K+ and of K- mesons in Heavy Ion Collisions at 1-2 AGeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Uhlig; A. Foerster; I. Boettcher; M. Debowski; F. Dohrmann; E. Grosse; P. Koczon; B. Kohlmeyer; F. Laue; M. Menzel; L. Naumann; H. Oeschler; W. Scheinast; E. Schwab; P. Senger; Y. Shin; H. Stroebele; C. Sturm; G. Surowka; A. Wagner; W. Walus

    2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Azimuthal distributions of pi+, K+ and K- mesons have been measured in Au+Au reactions at 1.5 AGeV and Ni+Ni reactions at 1.93 AGeV. In semi-central collisions at midrapidity, pi+ and K+ mesons are emitted preferentially perpendicular to the reaction plane in both collision systems. In contrast for K- mesons in Ni+Ni reactions an in-plane elliptic flow was observed for the first time at these incident energies.

  1. Electromagnetic reactions on light nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sonia Bacca; Saori Pastore

    2014-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Electromagnetic reactions on light nuclei are fundamental to advance our understanding of nuclear structure and dynamics. The perturbative nature of the electromagnetic probes allows to clearly connect measured cross sections with the calculated structure properties of nuclear targets. We present an overview on recent theoretical ab-initio calculations of electron-scattering and photonuclear reactions involving light nuclei. We encompass both the conventional approach and the novel theoretical framework provided by chiral effective field theories. Because both strong and electromagnetic interactions are involved in the processes under study, comparison with available experimental data provides stringent constraints on both many-body nuclear Hamiltonians and electromagnetic currents. We discuss what we have learned from studies on electromagnetic observables of light nuclei, starting from the deuteron and reaching up to nuclear systems with mass number A=16.

  2. Enrichment of light hydrocarbon mixture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang; Dali (Los Alamos, NM); Devlin, David (Santa Fe, NM); Barbero, Robert S. (Santa Cruz, NM); Carrera, Martin E. (Naperville, IL); Colling, Craig W. (Warrenville, IL)

    2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Light hydrocarbon enrichment is accomplished using a vertically oriented distillation column having a plurality of vertically oriented, nonselective micro/mesoporous hollow fibers. Vapor having, for example, both propylene and propane is sent upward through the distillation column in between the hollow fibers. Vapor exits neat the top of the column and is condensed to form a liquid phase that is directed back downward through the lumen of the hollow fibers. As vapor continues to ascend and liquid continues to countercurrently descend, the liquid at the bottom of the column becomes enriched in a higher boiling point, light hydrocarbon (propane, for example) and the vapor at the top becomes enriched in a lower boiling point light hydrocarbon (propylene, for example). The hollow fiber becomes wetted with liquid during the process.

  3. Enrichment of light hydrocarbon mixture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Dali (Los Alamos, NM); Devlin, David (Santa Fe, NM); Barbero, Robert S. (Santa Cruz, NM); Carrera, Martin E. (Naperville, IL); Colling, Craig W. (Warrenville, IL)

    2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Light hydrocarbon enrichment is accomplished using a vertically oriented distillation column having a plurality of vertically oriented, nonselective micro/mesoporous hollow fibers. Vapor having, for example, both propylene and propane is sent upward through the distillation column in between the hollow fibers. Vapor exits neat the top of the column and is condensed to form a liquid phase that is directed back downward through the lumen of the hollow fibers. As vapor continues to ascend and liquid continues to countercurrently descend, the liquid at the bottom of the column becomes enriched in a higher boiling point, light hydrocarbon (propane, for example) and the vapor at the top becomes enriched in a lower boiling point light hydrocarbon (propylene, for example). The hollow fiber becomes wetted with liquid during the process.

  4. Light and Color in Nature -Scattering Effects -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assarsson, Ulf

    1 Seminar WS 2003/04 Light and Color in Nature - Scattering Effects - Marcus Magnor WS03/04: Light and Color in Nature ­ Scattering Overview · Last Lecture ­ Interference · Today ­ Light scattering: water rendering #12;2 WS03/04: Light and Color in Nature ­ Scattering List of Topics · Rainbow ­ Stephan

  5. Today LED Holiday Lights, Tomorrow the World?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, Kelly L.

    2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This article for The APEM Advantage, the quarterly newsletter of the Association of Professional Energy Managers (APEM) describes the recent increase in the popularity of light emitting diode (LED) lighting and compares LED light output with that of incandescent and compact fluorescent lighting.

  6. National Synchrotron Light Source annual report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulbert, S.L.; Lazarz, N.N. (eds.)

    1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains abstracts from research conducted at the national synchrotron light source. (LSP)

  7. Nonimaging light concentrator with uniform irradiance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Winston, Roland (Chicago, IL); Gee, Randy C. (Arvada, CO)

    2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nonimaging light concentrator system including a primary collector of light, an optical mixer disposed near the focal zone for collecting light from the primary collector, the optical mixer having a transparent entrance aperture, an internally reflective housing for substantially total internal reflection of light, a transparent exit aperture and an array of photovoltaic cells disposed near the transparent exit aperture.

  8. Residential Lighting: Title 24 and Technology Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Residential Lighting: Title 24 and Technology Update Best practices in lighting design to comply with California's Title 24 energy code Kelly Cunningham, Outreach Director California Lighting Technology Center AS AN IMPLIED ENDORSEMENT. #12;INTRODUCTION California Lighting Technology Center, UC Davis To accelerate

  9. Light-Induced Atomic Desorption (LIAD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budker, Dmitry

    in density n0=the initial density more intense higher density!! #12;Light Friquency Low light power (0.56m, polysiloxane, etc) #12;Time Dependence exposed to 514-nm desorbing light at room temperature (~20) density increase in density!! coating is replenished #12;Light Intensity 0=relative rate of increase of the vapor

  10. Creative and Constructive Play with Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9/19/12 1 Creative and Constructive Play with Light Presented by Krissy Opferman & Charline Tomer CMU Children's School PAEYC Conference on Play! September 21, 2012 Big Ideas for Light Central concepts to learn We need light to see things. Without light, we would not be able to see

  11. Light Induced Guard Cell Sunando Roy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Albert, Réka

    Light Induced Guard Cell Signaling Sunando Roy #12;Guard cells and the stomata The tradeoff between water and carbon dioxide Roelfsema et. al. New Phytologist (2005) 167: 665 - 691 #12;The Light Signaling features · The blue light signaling carried out through ion channels · The red light signaling occurs

  12. Trapping Light With Mirrors David Milovich Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milovich, David

    Trapping Light With Mirrors David Milovich Jr. February 20, 2004 Abstract. We show that, given finitely many line-segment mirrors in the plane, that do not touch, and an arbitrary point source of light emitted light beams escape. This result is shown to imply that, for a given point source of light

  13. National Synchrotron Light Source Activity Report 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rothman, Eva

    1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    National Synchrotron Light Source Activity Report for period October 1, 1997 through September 30, 1998

  14. Organic electroluminescent devices having improved light extraction

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY)

    2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Organic electroluminescent devices having improved light extraction include a light-scattering medium disposed adjacent thereto. The light-scattering medium has a light scattering anisotropy parameter g in the range from greater than zero to about 0.99, and a scatterance parameter S less than about 0.22 or greater than about 3.

  15. Light celebrating place, West Texas Road Trip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulholland, Jill Cecilia

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    of Lighting Design: Speer and Hitler, 1936 Paris World?s Fair, German Pavilion .................................................................. 200 68 The History of Lighting Design: Speer and Hitler, 1937 Nuremburg Rally... ....................................................................................... 200 69 The History of Lighting Design: Speer and Hitler, 1938 Berlin Streets for a Mussolini Visit................................................... 201 70 Contemporary Light and Art: Patriotism and Memorial............................ 202...

  16. Visible Light Communications: Recent Activities in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lü, James Jian-Qiang

    The Graduate School of System Design and Management, Keio University, Yokohama, Japan Smart Spaces: A Smart, visible light LEDs are beginning to be used in every home and office, which makes visible light LEDs ideal, and the market share of LED lighting will be more than 30 percent of total lighting market in 2016. Prediction

  17. Illuminating system and method for specialized and decorative lighting using liquid light guides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zorn, Carl J. (Yorktown, VA); Kross, Brian J. (Yorktown, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA); Wojcik, Randolph F. (Yorktown, VA)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention comprises an illumination system for specialized decorative lighting including a light source, a flexible plastic tube sheath for distributing the light to a remote location, a transparent liquid core filling the tube that has an index of refraction greater than that of the plastic tube and an arrangement where light coupled from the light source is caused to leak from the liquid light guide at desired locations for the purposes of specialized lighting, such as underwater illumination in swimming pools.

  18. New results on the search for spin-exotic mesons with COMPASS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank Nerling; for the COMPASS Collaboration

    2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The COMPASS fixed-target experiment at the CERN-SPS studies the structure and spectrum of hadrons. One important goal using hadron beams is the search for new states, in particular spin-exotic mesons and glueballs. As a first input to the puzzle, COMPASS observed a significant $J^{PC}$ spin-exotic signal in the 2004 pilot run data (190\\,GeV/$c$ $\\pi^{-}$ beam, Pb target) in three charged pion final states consistent with the disputed $\\pi_1(1600)$. We started our hadron spectroscopy programme in 2008 by collecting very high statistics using a 190 GeV/$c$ negative pion beam scattered off a liquid hydrogen (proton) target. The current status and new results from the 2008 data on the search for the $\\pi_1(1600)$ resonance with exotic $J^{PC}=1^{-+}$ quantum numbers obtained from partial-wave analyses of the $\\rho\\pi$ and $\\eta'\\pi$ decay channels are presented.

  19. One-loop analysis of the interactions between charmed mesons and Goldstone bosons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De-Liang Yao; Meng-Lin Du; Feng-Kun Guo; Ulf-G. Meißner

    2015-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the scattering amplitude for Goldstone bosons of chiral symmetry off the pseudoscalar charmed mesons up to leading one-loop order in a covariant chiral effective field theory, using the so-called extended-on-mass-shell renormalization scheme. Then we use unitarized chiral perturbation theory to fit to the available lattice data of the S-wave scattering lengths. The lattice data are well described. However, most of the low-energy constants determined from the fit bear large uncertainties. Lattice simulations in more channels are necessary to pin down these values which can then be used to make predictions in other processes related by chiral and heavy quark symmetries.

  20. One-loop analysis of the interactions between charmed mesons and Goldstone bosons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, De-Liang; Guo, Feng-Kun; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the scattering amplitude for Goldstone bosons of chiral symmetry off the pseudoscalar charmed mesons up to leading one-loop order in a covariant chiral effective field theory, using the so-called extended-on-mass-shell renormalization scheme. Then we use unitarized chiral perturbation theory to fit to the available lattice data of the S-wave scattering lengths. The lattice data are well described. However, most of the low-energy constants determined from the fit bear large uncertainties. Lattice simulations in more channels are necessary to pin down these values which can then be used to make predictions in other processes related by chiral and heavy quark symmetries.

  1. Experimental Investigation of Weak Non-Mesonic Decay of 10Be(Lambda)Hypernuclei at CEBAF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Majewski; L. Majling; A. Margaryan; L. Tang

    2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Hypernuclei are convenient laboratory to study the baryon-baryon weak interaction and associated effective Hamiltonian. The strangeness changing process, in which a Lambda hyperon converts to a neutron with a release up to 176 MeV, provides a clear signal for a conversion of an s-quark to a d-quark. We propose to perform a non-mesonic weak decay study of 10Be(Lambda)hypernuclei using the (e,eK) reaction. These investigations will fully utilize the unique parameters of the CEBAF CW electron beam and RF system and are enabled by (1) the use of new detector for alpha particles based on the recently developed RF timing technique with picosecond resolution and (2) the small angle and large acceptance kaon spectrometer-HKS in Hall C.

  2. Search for Low Mass Exotic mesonic structures. Part II: attempts to understand the experimental results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tatischeff; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Our previous paper, part I of the same study, shows the different experimental spectra used to conclude on the genuine existence of narrow, weakly excited mesonic structures, having masses below and a little above the pion (M=139.56 MeV) mass. This work \\cite{previous} was instigated by the observation, in the $\\Sigma^{+}$ disintegration: $\\Sigma^{+}\\to$pP$^{0}$, P$^{0}\\to\\mu^{-}\\mu^{+}$ \\cite{park}, of a narrow range of dimuon masses. The authors conclude on the existence of a neutral intermediate state P$_{0}$, with a mass M=214.3 MeV $\\pm$ 0.5 MeV. We present here some attempts to understand the possible nature of the structures observed in part I.

  3. Amplitude extraction in pseudoscalar-meson photoproduction: towards a situation of complete information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nys, Jannes; Ryckebusch, Jan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A complete set for pseudoscalar-meson photoproduction is a minimum set of observables from which one can determine the underlying reaction amplitudes unambiguously. The complete sets considered in this work involve single- and double-polarization observables. It is argued that for extracting amplitudes from data, the transversity representation of the reaction amplitudes offers advantages over alternate representations. It is shown that with the available single-polarization data for the p({\\gamma},K^+)\\Lambda reaction, the energy and angular dependence of the moduli of the normalized transversity amplitudes in the resonance region can be determined to a fair accuracy. Determining the relative phases of the amplitudes from double-polarization observables is far less evident.

  4. Measurement of the Branching Fraction of B0 Meson Decay to a_1^+(1260) pi-

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aubert, B.; Barate, R.; Boutigny, D.; Couderc, F.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Zghiche, A.; /Annecy, LAPP; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona, IFAE; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Pompili, A.; /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Chen, J.C.; Qi, N.D.; Rong, G.; Wang, P.; Zhu, Y.S.; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.; Eigen, G.; Ofte, I.; Stugu, B. /Bergen U. /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San

    2005-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a preliminary measurement of the branching fraction of the B meson decay B{sup 0} {yields} a{sub 1}{sup +}(1260){pi}{sup -}with a{sub 1}{sup +}(1260) {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}. The data sample corresponds to 218 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs produced in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation through the {Upsilon}(4S) resonance. We find the branching fraction (40.2 {+-} 3.9 {+-} 3.9) x 10{sup -6}, where the first error quoted is statistical and the second is systematic. The fitted values of the a{sub 1}(1260) parameters are m{sub a{sub 1}} = 1.22 {+-} 0.02 GeV/c{sup 2} and {Lambda}{sub a{sub 1}} = 0.423 {+-} 0.050 GeV/c{sup 2}.

  5. $A$-dependence of coherent electroproduction of $?^{0}$ mesons on nuclei in forward direction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Akopov; Z. Akopov; G. Aslanyan; L. Grigoryan

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents the $A$-dependence of the differential cross section for the coherent electroproduction of vector mesons on nuclei in forward direction, at fixed values of longitudinal momentum transfer $q_{L}$. It is shown that such cross section has complicated behavior over the atomic mass number $A$ with local minimums and maximums. It is also shown that a ratio of the real to the imaginary parts of the forward coherent amplitude on nuclei $\\alpha_{A} = \\Re e{f_{A}} / \\Im m{f_{A}}$ has breaking points at some values of $A$. Comparison of the behaviors of the normalized cross section $\\Big(\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}\\Big)_{A}\\Big/\\Big(\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}\\Big)_{N}$ and $\\alpha_{A}$ over $A$ shows that the location of minimums of the cross section are very close to the breaking points of $\\alpha_{A}$.

  6. $A$-dependence of coherent electroproduction of $\\rho^{0}$ mesons on nuclei in forward direction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akopov, N; Aslanyan, G; Grigoryan, L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article presents the $A$-dependence of the differential cross section for the coherent electroproduction of vector mesons on nuclei in forward direction, at fixed values of longitudinal momentum transfer $q_{L}$. It is shown that such cross section has complicated behavior over the atomic mass number $A$ with local minimums and maximums. It is also shown that a ratio of the real to the imaginary parts of the forward coherent amplitude on nuclei $\\alpha_{A} = \\Re e{f_{A}} / \\Im m{f_{A}}$ has breaking points at some values of $A$. Comparison of the behaviors of the normalized cross section $\\Big(\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}\\Big)_{A}\\Big/\\Big(\\frac{d\\sigma}{d\\Omega}\\Big)_{N}$ and $\\alpha_{A}$ over $A$ shows that the location of minimums of the cross section are very close to the breaking points of $\\alpha_{A}$.

  7. Physical Origin of Density Dependent Force of the Skyrme Type within the Quark Meson Coupling Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierre Guichon; Hrayr Matevosyan; N. Sandulescu; Anthony Thomas

    2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    A density dependent, effective nucleon-nucleon force of the Skyrme type is derived from the quark-meson coupling model--a self-consistent, relativistic quark level description of nuclear matter. This new formulation requires no assumption that the mean scalar field is small and hence constitutes a significant advance over earlier work. The similarity of the effective interaction to the widely used SkM* force encourages us to apply it to a wide range of nuclear problems, beginning with the binding energies and charge distributions of doubly magic nuclei. Finding impressive results in this conventional arena, we apply the same effective interaction, within the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach, to the properties of nuclei far from stability. The resulting two neutron drip lines and shell quenching are quite satisfactory. Finally, we apply the relativistic formulation to the properties of dense nuclear matter in anticipation of future application to the properties of neutron stars.

  8. Measurement of the {eta}{sup '}-Meson Mass using J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{eta}{sup '}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Libby, J.; Martin, L.; Powell, A.; Wilkinson, G. [University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Ecklund, K. M. [State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States); Love, W.; Savinov, V. [University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Mendez, H. [University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico); Ge, J. Y.; Miller, D. H.; Shipsey, I. P. J.; Xin, B. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Adams, G. S.; Anderson, M.; Cummings, J. P.; Danko, I.; Hu, D.; Moziak, B.; Napolitano, J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); He, Q. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] (and others)

    2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure the mass of the {eta}{sup '} meson using {psi}(2S){yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}J/{psi}, J/{psi}{yields}{gamma}{eta}{sup '} events acquired with the CLEO-c detector operating at the CESR e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. Using three decay modes, {eta}{sup '}{yields}{rho}{sup 0}{gamma}, {eta}{sup '}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{eta} with {eta}{yields}{gamma}{gamma}, and {eta}{sup '}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{eta} with {eta}{yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}, we find M{sub {eta}{sup '}}=957.793{+-}0.054{+-}0.036 MeV, in which the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. This result is consistent with but substantially more precise than the current world average.

  9. Development of picoseconds Time of Flight systems in Meson Test Beam Facility at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronzhin, A.; Albrow, M.; Demarteau, M.; Los, S.; /Fermilab; Malik, S.; /Rockefeller U.; Pronko, S.; Ramberg, E.; /Fermilab; Zatserklyaniy, A.; /Puerto Rico U., Mayaguez

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the work is to develop time of flight (TOF) system with about 10 picosecond time resolution in real beam line when start and stop counters separated by some distance. We name the distance as 'base' for the TOF. This 'real' TOF setup is different from another one when start and stop counters located next to each other. The real TOF is sensitive to beam momentum spread, beam divergence, etc. Anyway some preliminary measurements are useful with close placement of start and stop counter. We name it 'close geometry'. The work started about 2 years ago at Fermilab Meson Test Beam Facility (MTBF). The devices tested in 'close geometry' were Microchannel Plate Photomultipliers (MCP PMT) with Cherenkov radiators. TOF counters based on Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPms) with Cherenkov radiators also in 'close geometry' were tested. We report here new results obtained with the counters in the MTBF at Fermilab, including beam line data.

  10. Search for Rare and Forbidden Charm Meson Decays at Fermilab E791

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fermilab E791 Collaboration; D. J. Summers

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results of a blind search for flavor-changing neutral current, lepton-flavor violating, and lepton-number violating decays of D+, D(s)+, and D0 mesons (and their antiparticles) into modes containing muons and electrons. Using data from Fermilab charm hadroproduction experiment E791, we examine the pi l l and K l l decay modes of D+ and D(s)+ and the l+ l- decay modes of D0. No evidence for any of these decays is found. Therefore, we present branching-fraction upper limits at 90% confidence level for the 24 decay modes examined. Eight of these modes have no previously reported limits, and fourteen are reported with significant improvements over previously published results.

  11. Amplitude extraction in pseudoscalar-meson photoproduction: towards a situation of complete information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jannes Nys; Tom Vrancx; Jan Ryckebusch

    2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A complete set for pseudoscalar-meson photoproduction is a minimum set of observables from which one can determine the underlying reaction amplitudes unambiguously. The complete sets considered in this work involve single- and double-polarization observables. It is argued that for extracting amplitudes from data, the transversity representation of the reaction amplitudes offers advantages over alternate representations. It is shown that with the available single-polarization data for the p({\\gamma},K^+)\\Lambda reaction, the energy and angular dependence of the moduli of the normalized transversity amplitudes in the resonance region can be determined to a fair accuracy. Determining the relative phases of the amplitudes from double-polarization observables is far less evident.

  12. Measurement of the Lifetime of the B(±)(c) Meson in the Semileptonic Decay Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Clutter, Justace Randall; Moulik, Tania; Wilson, Graham Wallace

    2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    ; published 2 March 2009) Using approximately 1:3 fb#2;1 of data collected by the D0 detector between 2002 and 2006, we measure the lifetime of the B#1;c meson in the B#1;c ! J=c#1;#1; þ X final state. A simultaneous unbinned likelihood fit to the J=c þ#1... weakly-decaying b hadrons. Examples of final states where the c quark acts as a spectator while the b quark decays weakly are B#1;c ! J=c#3;#1;, B#1;c ! J=cD#1;s , and B#1;c ! J=c ‘#1;#4;. In this Letter we present a measurement of the lifetime of the B#1...

  13. Search for CP Violation in D± Meson Decays to ??±

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stari?, M.; Aihara, H.; Arinstein, K.; Asner, D. M.; Aushev, T.; Bakich, A. M.; Bay, A.; Bhardwaj, V.; Bhuyan, B.; Bozek, A.; Bra?ko, M.; Browder, T. E.; Chen, A.; Chen, P.; Cheon, B. G.; Chilikin, K.; Chistov, R.; Cho, I.-S.; Cho, K.; Choi, Y.; Doležal, Z.; Drásal, Z.; Eidelman, S.; Fast, J. E.; Gaur, V.; Gabyshev, N.; Golob, B.; Haba, J.; Hayasaka, K.; Horii, Y.; Hoshi, Y.; Hou, W.-S.; Hsiung, Y. B.; Iijima, T.; Inami, K.; Ishikawa, A.; Itoh, R.; Iwabuchi, M.; Iwasaki, Y.; Iwashita, T.; Julius, T.; Kang, J. H.; Kawasaki, T.; Kiesling, C.; Kim, H. J.; Kim, H. O.; Kim, J. B.; Kim, K. T.; Kim, M. J.; Kim, Y. J.; Kinoshita, K.; Ko, B. R.; Kobayashi, N.; Koblitz, S.; Kodyš, P.; Korpar, S.; Križan, P.; Kumita, T.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lange, J. S.; Lee, S.-H.; Li, J.; Li, Y.; Libby, J.; Liu, C.; Liu, Z. Q.; Louvot, R.; McOnie, S.; Miyabayashi, K.; Miyata, H.; Miyazaki, Y.; Mohanty, G. B.; Nakano, E.; Natkaniec, Z.; Nishida, S.; Nitoh, O.; Nozaki, T.; Ohshima, T.; Okuno, S.; Olsen, S. L.; Pakhlova, G.; Park, H. K.; Park, K. S.; Pestotnik, R.; Petri?, M.; Piilonen, L. E.; Röhrken, M.; Ryu, S.; Sahoo, H.; Sakai, K.; Sakai, Y.; Sanuki, T.; Schneider, O.; Schwanda, C.; Schwartz, A. J.; Seon, O.; Sevior, M. E.; Shebalin, V.; Shen, C. P.; Shibata, T.-A.; Shiu, J.-G.; Shwartz, B.; Simon, F.; Smerkol, P.; Sohn, Y.-S.; Sokolov, A.; Stani?, S.; Sumihama, M.; Sumisawa, K.; Tatishvili, G.; Teramoto, Y.; Trabelsi, K.; Uchida, M.; Uehara, S.; Uglov, T.; Unno, Y.; Uno, S.; Urquijo, P.; Varner, G.; Vossen, A.; Wang, C. H.; Wang, M.-Z.; Watanabe, M.; Watanabe, Y.; Williams, K. M.; Won, E.; Yabsley, B. D.; Yamashita, Y.; Yuan, C. Z.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhilich, V.; Zhulanov, V.; Zupanc, A.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We search for CP violation in Cabibbo-suppressed charged D meson decays by measuring the difference between the CP-violating asymmetries for the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D±?K?K??± and the Cabibbo-favored decays D±s?K?K??± in the K?K? mass region of the ? resonance. Using 955 fb?¹ of data collected with the Belle detector, we obtain AD?????CP=(+0.51±0.28±0.05)%. The measurement improves the sensitivity of previous searches by more than a factor of 5. We find no evidence for direct CP violation.

  14. Bound Energy Masses of Mesons Containing the Fourth Generation and Iso-singlet Quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sameer M. Ikhdair; Ramazan Sever

    2005-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The fourth Standard Model (SM) family quarks and weak iso-singlet quarks The fourth Standard Model (SM) family quarks and weak iso-singlet quarks predicted by ${\\rm E}_{6\\text{}}$ GUT are considered. The spin-average of the pseudoscalar $\\eta_{4}(n^{1}S_{0})$ and vector $\\psi_{4}(n^{3}S_{1})$ quarkonium binding masses of the new mesons formed by the fourth Standard Model (SM) family and iso-singlet ${\\rm E}_{6\\text{}}$ with their mixings to ordinary quarks are investigated. Further, the fine and hyperfine mass splittings of the these states are also calculated. We solved the Schr\\"{o}dinger equation with logarithmic and Martin potentials using the Shifted large-${\\rm N}$ expansion technique. Our results are compared with other models to gauge the reliability of the predictions and point out differences.

  15. Monitored lighting energy savings from dimmable lighting controls in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by its trade name, trademark 94720, USA Abstract Digital addressable, dimmable lighting controls were introduced to the US market

  16. Damage tolerant light absorbing material

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hamby, Jr., Clyde (Harriman, TN); Akerman, M. Alfred (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A light absorbing article comprised of a composite of carbon-bonded carbon fibers, prepared by: blending carbon fibers with a carbonizable organic powder to form a mixture; dispersing the mixture into an aqueous slurry; vacuum molding the aqueous slurry to form a green article; drying and curing the green article to form a cured article; and, carbonizing the cured article at a temperature of at least about 1000.degree. C. to form a carbon-bonded carbon fiber light absorbing composite article having a bulk density less than 1 g/cm.sup.3.

  17. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cogan, S.F.; Rauh, R.D.

    1990-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counter electrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films. 4 figs.

  18. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cogan, Stuart F.; Rauh, R. David

    1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counterelectrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films.

  19. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cogan, Stuart F. (111 Downey St., Norwood, MA 02062); Rauh, R. David (111 Downey St., Norwood, MA 02062)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counterelectrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films.

  20. Solid state electrochromic light modulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cogan, Stuart F. (Sudbury, MA); Rauh, R. David (Newton, MA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An all solid-state variable transmission electrochromic device has a source of charge compensating ions. An inorganic oxide counterelectrode film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions increases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength is separated from a primary electrochromic film which on reduction with the accompanying insertion of the charge compensating ions decreases its transmission of light of predetermined wavelength by an insulating electrolyte film that transports the charge compensating ions. First and second electrodes are contiguous with the inorganic oxide counter electrode film and the primary electrochromic film, respectively, and separated by the three films.